US Pat. No. 10,599,157

AUTONOMOUS MOVEMENT SYSTEM

Doog Inc., (JP)

1. An autonomous movement system allowing a movable object to travel autonomously, the autonomous movement system comprising:a sensing device installed on the movable object, the sensing device to detect traveling-route reflector from a region outside a floor projection region of the movable object, the traveling-route reflector being arranged on a travel surface, wherein
based on the traveling-route reflector detected by the sensing device, the autonomous movement system controls the movable object so that the movable object travels along the traveling-route reflector, and
the traveling-route reflector comprises a retroreflective material, thereby reflecting light in an incident direction, and
the sensing device is a scanner-type laser distance meter that comprises a light emitter and a light receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,599,156

ADVERTISING ON AUTONOMOUS OR SEMI-AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE EXTERIOR

Nuro, Inc., Mountain Vie...

1. A system for apportioned display of a plurality of media by a fully-autonomous, autonomous, or semi-autonomous vehicle, the system comprising:a) a vehicle, the vehicle being fully-autonomous, autonomous, or semi-autonomous, the vehicle comprising:
(i) a display screen configured to display a selected media, wherein the display screen is disposed on an exterior of the vehicle; and
(ii) at least one self-driving sensor, wherein the at least one self-driving sensor is configured to measure at least one input data, wherein the at least one self-driving sensor comprises at least one selected from a group including a camera, a lidar, a radar, and an ultrasonic sensor, the at least one input data corresponding to a surrounding of the vehicle; and
b) a media processor configured to provide a media application comprising:
(i) a current condition determination module, determining a current condition based on the input data, wherein the current condition is at least one selected from a group including an object and a weather condition, wherein determining the current condition comprises identifying the at least one of the object and the weather condition, wherein the object comprises a pedestrian, a cyclist, or a motorist, and wherein the current condition determination module further determines a demographic of the object;
(ii) a media selection module applying a media selection algorithm to select either one of a plurality of media as the selected media based on the current condition or an inactive display mode based on the current condition, wherein the plurality of media is stored in a media inventory database, and wherein each media is further associated with a display time of day media display parameter, a display period media display parameter, a display location media display parameter, a current vehicle speed media display parameter, a current temperature media display parameter, a current weather media display parameter, a current brightness media display parameter, or any combination thereof; and
(iii) a media display module displaying the selected media on the display screen when the media selection module selects the selected media, wherein the media display module selects the inactive display mode when a total or average weight of the plurality of the media parameters associated with the current condition is below a set value threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,599,155

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE OPERATION FEATURE MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS

STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOB...

1. A computer system for monitoring an autonomous vehicle having an autonomous system, comprising:one or more processors; and
a non-transitory program memory coupled to the one or more processors and storing executable instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the computer system to:
receive, via wireless communication or data transmission over one or more radio links, initial sensor data indicating the occurrence of a vehicle collision involving the autonomous vehicle, wherein the initial sensor data includes information from at least one vehicle-mounted sensor or mobile device sensor;
receive, via wireless communication or data transmission over the one or more radio links, additional sensor data indicating (i) one or more environmental conditions in which the vehicle collision occurred, (ii) an identification of a person positioned within the autonomous vehicle to operate the autonomous vehicle at the time of the vehicle collision, and (iii) an identification of one or more capabilities or features of the autonomous system, wherein the additional sensor data includes information from at least one vehicle-mounted sensor, autonomous system sensor, or mobile device sensor;
process the additional sensor data using a trained machine learning program to determine one or more preferred control decisions the autonomous system should have made to control the autonomous vehicle immediately before or during the vehicle collision;
receive control decision data indicating one or more actual control decisions the autonomous system made to control the autonomous vehicle immediately before or during the vehicle collision;
determine a degree of similarity between the one or more preferred control decisions that should have been made by the autonomous system to control the autonomous vehicle and the one or more actual control decisions made by the autonomous system to control the autonomous vehicle; and
assign a percentage of fault for the vehicle collision to the autonomous system based upon the determined degree of similarity between the one or more preferred control decisions and the one or more actual control decisions.

US Pat. No. 10,599,154

METHOD FOR ACCURATE OBJECT DETECTION WITH MULTIPLE SENSORS

Patroness, LLC, Brentwoo...

1. A method for a motorized mobile system (MMS) comprising:generating first sensor data about an object from a first sensor with respect to a first sensor reference frame, wherein the first sensor data about the object comprises a first range measurement to the object and a first bearing measurement to the object, the first range measurement having an associated first uncertainty, and the first bearing measurement having an associated second uncertainty;
generating second sensor data about the object from a second sensor with respect to a second sensor reference frame, wherein the second sensor data about the object comprises a second range measurement to the object and a second bearing measurement to the object, the second range measurement having an associated third uncertainty, and the second bearing measurement having an associated fourth uncertainty;
receiving, by a processor, the first and second sensor data;
responsive to receiving the first and second sensor data, matching, by the processor, the first and second sensor data by time;
responsive to matching the first and second sensor data by time, determining, by the processor, whether one or more of the matching first and second sensor data comprises polar coordinates;
responsive to determining one or more of the matching first and second sensor data comprises polar coordinates, converting, by the processor, the one or more matching first and second sensor data comprising polar coordinates to Cartesian coordinates;
translating, by the processor, the first sensor data from the first sensor reference frame to a Cartesian coordinate system of a motorized mobile system reference frame;
translating, by the processor, the second sensor data from the second sensor reference frame to the Cartesian coordinate system of the motorized mobile system reference frame;
selecting, by the processor, a lower range uncertainty between the first uncertainty and the third uncertainty;
selecting, by the processor, a lower bearing uncertainty between the second uncertainty and the fourth uncertainty; and
combining, by the processor, the bearing measurement associated with the selected lower bearing uncertainty and the range measurement associated with the selected lower range uncertainty as a location of the object within a reduced area of uncertainty in the Cartesian coordinate system of the motorized mobile system reference frame.

US Pat. No. 10,599,153

METHOD OF AUTONOMOUS OPERATION OF A COMPRESSION APPARATUS

AMMANN SCHWEIZ AG, Lange...

1. A method for autonomous operation of a compression apparatus for compressing a ground, the method comprising the steps:choosing a surface to be processed of the ground;
preparing the compression apparatus or at least a portion of the surface to be processed so that the compression apparatus automatically processes the surface to be processed in an autonomous operation so that substantially each spot of the surface to be processed is processed at least once;
moving a position-determination device along a path which represents at least a portion of an outer boundary of the surface to be processed and capturing position data by the position determination device at least in an intermittent manner while moving the position determination device along the path;
generating electronic information regarding a position of the outer boundary of the surface to be processed based on captured position data of the path;
providing the compression apparatus with the electronic information to enable the compression apparatus during autonomous operation to automatically adjust a driving direction of the compression apparatus after colliding with the outer boundary so that the compression apparatus substantially remains within the surface to be processed; and
a person walking the position determination device along the path,
wherein the compression apparatus automatically captures at least one compression parameter of the ground during autonomous operations,
wherein the compression apparatus automatically runs over each spot of the surface to be processed a second time in which spot the compression parameter does not reach a predetermined threshold value, or
wherein the compression apparatus automatically runs over each spot of the surface to be processed so many times until the compression parameter has reached the threshold value at all spots of the surface to be processed.

US Pat. No. 10,599,152

EARTHQUAKE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLES

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An automotive vehicle comprising:a powertrain;
a plurality of vehicle accessory systems;
an autonomous control system for self-driving of the vehicle to a programmable destination; and
an emergency management controller adapted to receive an earthquake warning message, wherein the management controller responds to the warning message by providing a power conservation command to at least one accessory system to reduce power consumption by at least one respective noncritical accessory function to increase a capacity of the vehicle to move out of a hazardous area, evaluating a vehicle mobility status, and automatically launching a corresponding safety measure;
wherein when the mobility status corresponds to the vehicle being parked in a hazardous surrounding and without containing occupants then the corresponding safety measure includes activating the powertrain and setting the programmable destination to a predetermined safe location.

US Pat. No. 10,599,151

TRANSFORMER (MODIFIER) DESIGN FOR CONTROLLING ARTICULATED VEHICLES SMOOTHLY

AG LEADER TECHNOLOGY, INC...

1. A method of operating an automated steering system with a control feedback loop for an Articulated Vehicle (ArV) comprising:a. modeling steering performance of a Front Wheel Steered Vehicle (FrV) FrV; and
b. modifying the steering control feedback loop in a manner where steering performance of an ArV reacts similar to that of an FrV, wherein the step of modifying comprises creating a modification function which effectively cancels rate of change of articulation angle in the heading kinematics of the ArV, which then affects heading angle rate of change.

US Pat. No. 10,599,150

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE: OBJECT-LEVEL FUSION

The Charles Stark Kraper ...

1. A method comprising:converting sensor data of a plurality of detected objects to a common coordinate frame, the sensor data of each detected object collected from a given sensor of a plurality of heterogeneous sensors at a current measurement time, each detected object including at least one of kinematic information, geometric information, and object classification information based on the converted sensor data, the plurality of heterogeneous sensors being mounted on a highly-automated vehicle;
predicting position, velocity, orientation and bounding boxes of existing object tracks at the current measurement time, the predicting resulting in a given predicted object track associated with a given existing object track, the given predicted object track including at least one of kinematic information, geometric information, and object classification information;
associating the detected objects to existing object tracks by determining a similarity of a given detected object and a given predicted object track, the information of the given detected object being a different type than the information of the given predicted object track;
updating the kinematic, geometric and object classification information for existing object tracks by updating the given existing object track with the information of the given detected object determined to be similar to the predicted object track; and
reporting a fused object list having a resulting set of updated object tracks.

US Pat. No. 10,599,149

SALIENT FEATURE BASED VEHICLE POSITIONING

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A method of determining a position of a vehicle, said method comprising:receiving a plurality of images captured by one or more vision sensors, the one or more vision sensors being movable relative to the vehicle;
selecting, with aid of one or more processors, one or more images from the plurality of images;
determining, based on sensor data received from one or more sensors, a movement of the one or more vision sensors relative to the vehicle during the one or more images being taken;
generating a saliency map, with aid of the one or more processors processing the one or more images by filtering according to one or more contrast features of the one or more images and compensating the movement of the one or more vision sensors relative to the vehicle;
measuring, with aid of the one or more processors, a gradient of a gray level for each pixel in one or more portions of the saliency map;
identifying, with aid of the one or more processors, a plurality of stationary salient features in the saliency map according to the gradient, wherein the plurality of stationary salient features are substantially stationary within an environment;
calculating, with aid of the one or more processors, a distance from the vehicle to each of the plurality of stationary salient features; and
determining, with aid of the one or more processors, a position of the vehicle based on the distance from the vehicle to each of the plurality of stationary salient features.

US Pat. No. 10,599,148

MOBILE AUDIO INPUT DEVICE CONTROLLER

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:detecting, by one or more processors, a first location of a mobile audio input device;
detecting, by one or more processors, a second location of a user;
directing, by one or more processors, the mobile audio input device to autonomously move from the first location to the second location;
determining, by one or more processors, that the mobile audio input device has reached the second location; and
in response to the mobile audio input device reaching the second location, activating the microphone on the mobile audio input device.

US Pat. No. 10,599,147

CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR OPEN OCEAN AQUACULTURE

X Development LLC, Mount...

17. At least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium encoded with executable instructions that, when executed by at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to perform operations comprising:receiving data from one or more sensors that detect one or more environmental parameters that are currently associated with an autonomous submersible structure that contains a particular species of live fish;
accessing a viability profile that is specific to the particular species of live fish contained in the autonomous submersible structure, and that indicates, for at least one of the environmental parameters, a respective range of values that is indicated as acceptable for the health or well-being of the particular species of live fish;
determining to reposition the autonomous submersible structure based at least on (i) the one or more environmental parameters that are currently associated with the autonomous submersible structure that contains the particular species of live fish, and (ii) the viability profile that is specific to the particular species of live fish contained in the autonomous submersible structure, and that indicates, for at least one of the environmental parameters, a respective range of values that is characterized as acceptable for the health or well-being of the particular species of live fish; and
based on determining to reposition the autonomous submersible structure, controlling a propulsion system of the autonomous submersible structure to reposition the autonomous submersible structure.

US Pat. No. 10,599,146

ACTION-CONDITIONED VEHICLE CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:determining a high-level command based on a location of a vehicle with respect to a route including a start location and a finish location, wherein the high-level command comprises a command to execute a maneuver to be performed by the vehicle;
acquiring an image of the vehicle external environment;
generating a high-level command cue at a Context Sub-Network of a Deep Neural Network based on the high-level command, wherein the high-level command cue comprises high-level commands and distances;
generating an image cue at a Convolutional Neural Network of the Deep Neural Network based on the image, wherein the image cue comprises an array of data values extracted by the Convolutional Neural Network from the image;
determining steering, braking and powertrain commands at a Neural Sub-Network of the Deep Neural Network based on the high-level command cue and the image cue; and
operating the vehicle by actuating vehicle components based on the steering, braking and powertrain commands.

US Pat. No. 10,599,145

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING PREFERENCES FOR FLIGHT CONTROL SETTINGS OF AN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

GoPro, Inc., San Mateo, ...

1. A system for determining control settings for an unmanned aerial vehicle, the system comprising:one or more physical computer processors configured by computer readable instructions to:
obtain consumption information characterizing user engagement during playback of a video segment and/or user response to the playback of the video segment;
obtain a set of control settings defining one or more aspects of capture of the video segment based on the consumption information;
determine one or more flight control settings based upon the set of control settings; and
effectuate transmission of instructions to a remote controller of the unmanned aerial vehicle, the instructions configured to cause the remote controller to transmit flight control information to the unmanned aerial vehicle to implement the one or more flight control settings.

US Pat. No. 10,599,144

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DRIVING MODE SWITCHING BASED ON SELF-AWARE CAPABILITY PARAMETERS IN HYBRID DRIVING

PLUSAI CORP, Los Altos, ...

1. A method, implemented on a machine having at least one processor, storage, and a communication platform capable of connecting to a network for switching a vehicle from a current mode to a different mode, the method comprising:receiving real-time data related to the vehicle, wherein the real-time data include intrinsic capability parameters and extrinsic capability parameters;
determining, based on the real-time data, a set of tasks to be performed to switch the vehicle from a current mode to a different mode in accordance with a task model;
determining, based on a first risk evaluated with respect to the current mode and the real-time data, a first duration of time required to switch from the current mode to the different mode;
estimating, for each task of the set of tasks, a task duration time needed by a driver present in the vehicle to complete the task;
estimating a second risk of switching from the current mode to the different mode based on the required first duration of time and a total duration of time needed to complete the set of tasks determined based on the task duration times; and
switching, in response to the second risk satisfying a criterion, from the current mode of the vehicle to the different mode.

US Pat. No. 10,599,143

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE SYSTEMS

United Services Automobil...

1. A system, comprising:one or more sensors configured to acquire data associated with a driver of a vehicle;
a processor configured to:
receive the data;
determine whether the data is within a baseline data associated with expected behavior of the driver;
control one or more operations of the vehicle in response to the data being outside the baseline data;
receive a second set of data from the one or more sensors, wherein the second set of data is received after the data; and
control an increasing number of the one or more operations of the vehicle in response to the second set of data failing to correspond to the baseline data.

US Pat. No. 10,599,142

DISPLAY DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR DISPLAY DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A display device comprising:a display worn on a head of a user;
a communicator configured to receive a captured image transmitted by a vehicle; and
a processor programmed to:
estimate a position of the vehicle in a real space based on the captured image received by the communicator, by:
specifying, based on a reference captured image of a predetermined range imaged by the vehicle, a position of the vehicle at a time when the reference captured image is captured, thereby setting a reference vehicle position; and
estimating the position of the vehicle based on the reference vehicle position; and
cause the display to display:
the captured image received by the communicator, and
at least one of: an imaging magnification, an altitude of the vehicle, and a movement amount from the reference vehicle position.

US Pat. No. 10,599,141

INTERVENTION IN OPERATION OF A VEHICLE HAVING AUTONOMOUS DRIVING CAPABILITIES

nuTonomy Inc., Boston, M...

1. A vehicle having autonomous driving capabilities and comprising:steering, acceleration, and deceleration devices that respond to control signals from a driving control system to drive the vehicle autonomously on a road network;
a monitoring element on the vehicle that:
determines, using a model of the steering, acceleration, and deceleration devices, an estimated output of the steering, acceleration, and deceleration devices;
receives, from the steering, acceleration, and deceleration devices, a signal;
estimates a failure in the steering, acceleration, and deceleration devices based on the estimated output and the signal; and
generates an intervention request for the vehicle to engage in an intervention, the intervention comprising:
treating a current location of the vehicle as a non-deterministic location having a conditional probability; and
using probabilistic reasoning to identify a true geolocation of the vehicle based on the conditional probability; and
a communication element that receives the intervention to be implemented by the driving control system by issuing control signals to the steering, acceleration, and deceleration devices to cause the vehicle to maneuver from the true geolocation to a goal location.

US Pat. No. 10,599,140

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MITIGATION OF ANOMALOUS DATA IN A CONNECTED VEHICLE SYSTEM

General Motors LLC, Detr...

1. A distributed ledger system of a vehicle, comprising:at least one transceiver configured to wirelessly receive data from a source node that is external to the vehicle, the data including a unique identifier (ID) of the source node and at least one of:
a first location of the source node;
a first heading of the source node;
a first speed of the source node; and
a first object type of the source node;
at least one of a camera and a sensor configured to identify objects located around the vehicle;
an anomaly module configured to selectively indicate that an anomaly is present in the data received from the source node based on at least one of:
a comparison of the first location of the source node with input from the at least one of the camera and the sensor;
a comparison of the first heading of the source node with input from the at least one of the camera and the sensor;
a comparison of the first speed of the source node with input from the at least one of the camera and the sensor; and
a comparison of the first object type of the source node with input from the at least one of the camera and the sensor;
a distributed ledger including a first list of unique IDs associated with trusted source nodes and a second list of unique IDs associated with not-trusted source nodes; and
a ledger management module configured to, in response to an indication that an anomaly is present in the data received from the source node, add the unique ID of the source node to the second list of unique IDs associated with not trusted source nodes stored in the distributed ledger,
wherein:
the data received from the source node includes the first location of the source node; and
the anomaly module is configured to indicate that an anomaly is present in the data received from the source node when the at least one of the camera and the sensor do not identify the presence of an object within a predetermined distance of the first location of the source node.

US Pat. No. 10,599,139

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ADJUSTING FLIGHT CONTROL OF AN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

GoPro, Inc., San Mateo, ...

1. A system for adjusting flight control of an unmanned aerial vehicle, the system comprising:an image sensor carried by the unmanned aerial vehicle, the image sensor configured to generate output signals conveying visual information; and
one or more physical processors configured by computer-readable instructions to:
determine a first position of a performer based on the visual information;
determine a second position of a performee based on the visual information;
provide the flight control for the unmanned aerial vehicle such that, responsive to the performer approaching the performee, the unmanned aerial vehicle is positioned for the image sensor to capture an image including the performer and the performee, wherein the flight control is provided such that a target altitude differential, a target cardinal direction, and a target distance are maintained between the unmanned aerial vehicle and the performer based upon the first position and the second position; and
capture the image including the performer and the performee.

US Pat. No. 10,599,138

AUTONOMOUS PACKAGE DELIVERY SYSTEM

Aurora Flight Sciences Co...

1. A package delivery system for use with an aircraft, the package delivery system comprising:a land vehicle equipped with a first processor operatively coupled with a first sensor package and a first communication transceiver, the first processor configured to navigate the land vehicle along a navigational land route based at least in part on data received via the first communication transceiver;
a perception system having a second sensor package operatively coupled with a second processor and a second communication transceiver; and
a human-system interface (HSI) device to communicate with the land vehicle and the perception system over one or more wireless links, wherein the HSI device, which is separate and apart from each of the land vehicle and the perception system, includes a third processor, a third communication transceiver, a user input device, and a display device,
wherein the perception system is configured to transmit navigational commands to said land vehicle via said first communication transceiver based at least in part on data from the second sensor package, and
wherein the HSI device is configured to transmit navigational commands to said land vehicle via said third communication transceiver and to receive from the land vehicle a video feed captured by the first sensor package.

US Pat. No. 10,599,137

SAFETY CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATION OF A SAFETY CONTROL SYSTEM

ABB AG, Mannheim (DE)

1. A safety control system, comprising:a control unit including safety control logic;
a safety sensor arrangement;
a machine arrangement operable in different modes of operation, wherein each mode of operation includes a different productivity of the machine arrangement,
wherein the control unit is configured to receive and evaluate input from the safety sensor arrangement, and, in reaction to a result of the evaluation activates at least one of the modes of operation of the machine arrangement as determined by the safety control logic,
wherein the safety sensor arrangement includes a first and a second subsystem, which are functionally redundant,
wherein input to the control unit includes information indicating availability of the functionally redundant subsystems,
wherein the control logic is configured to:
i. activate a normal mode of operation (FN) characterized by normal productivity (PN) in case the input indicates availability of all functionally redundant subsystems,
ii. activate a fail-stop mode (F0) of operation characterized by zero productivity (P0) in case the input indicates unavailability of all functionally redundant subsystems, and
iii. activate a fail-operate mode (F1, F2) of operation with productivity less than normal but above zero in case input indicates at least temporary unavailability of at least one and availability of at least another one of the functionally redundant subsystems;
the safety control system further comprising a first safety zone and a second safety zone, the first safety zone being a subset of the second safety zone;
wherein the machine arrangement includes the nominal productivity (PN)
wherein the first functionally redundant subsystem is configured to detect a first hazard event in the first safety zone,
wherein the second functionally redundant subsystem is configured to detect a second hazard event in the second safety zone,
wherein a first fail-operate mode (F1) results in a first reduced machine productivity (P1) greater than zero but smaller than the normal productivity (PN), and a second fail-operate mode (F2) results in a second reduced machine productivity (P2) greater than zero but smaller than the nominal productivity (PN) and higher than the first reduced machine productivity (P1),
wherein the control logic activates the second fail-operate mode (F2) in case input to the control logic indicates availability of both functionally redundant subsystems and indicates the second hazard event in the second safety zone but no first hazard event in the first safety zone, and
wherein the control logic activates the first fail-operate mode (F1) in case input to the control logic indicates a temporarily unavailability of the first functionally redundant subsystem but availability of the second functionally redundant subsystem and indicates the second hazard event in the second safety zone.

US Pat. No. 10,599,136

MOTOR CONTROLLER AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING MOTOR

Kabushiki Kaisha Yaskawa ...

1. A motor controller, comprising:memory; and
processing circuitry configured to
control a motor based on a position command and based on a position detection value corresponding to a detected position of the motor,
calculate a tolerance position error in a successive manner based on the position command and based on a control parameter used to control the motor,
calculate a position error maximum threshold that depends on the tolerance position error,
detect an abnormality based on the position error maximum threshold, and
trigger an indication when the abnormality is detected, wherein
the processing circuitry is further configured to fix the position error maximum threshold at a predetermined timing, and stop fixing the position error maximum threshold at a point of time when a position command velocity that is rate of change in time of the position command restarts increasing.

US Pat. No. 10,599,134

PORTABLE FIELD MAINTENANCE TOOL CONFIGURED FOR MULTIPLE PROCESS CONTROL COMMUNICATION PROTOCOLS

FISHER-ROSEMOUNT SYSTEMS,...

1. A portable field maintenance tool comprising:(A) a housing;
(B) a communication interface disposed through the housing, the communication interface including an internal portion accessible within the housing;
(C) one or more communication circuits disposed within the housing and electrically connected to the internal portion of the communication interface, the one or more communication circuits configured to communicate according to a first protocol and to communicate according to a second protocol; and
(D) one or more power supplies disposed within the housing and electrically connected to the internal portion of the communication interface, the one or more power supplies configured to supply power according to the first protocol and to supply power according to the second protocol; and
wherein the communication interface further includes one or more terminals that are:
(i) connectable to a first field device so that the first field device receives a first composite signal including a first power signal and a first communication signal, wherein the first composite signal is configured, according to the first protocol, to supply power via the first power signal from the one or more power supplies to the first field device and to communicatively connect the first field device to the one or more communication circuits; and
(ii) connectable to a second field device so that the second field device receives a second composite signal including a second power signal and a second communication signal, wherein the second composite signal is configured, according to the second protocol, to supply power via the second power signal from the one or more power supplies to the second field device and to communicatively connect the second field device to the one or more communication circuits;
wherein the first power signal conforms to a first set of requirements associated with the first protocol and the second power signal conforms to a second set of requirements, different from the first set of requirements, associated with the second protocol;
wherein the first field device is configured to be powered by power signals conforming to the first set of requirements associated with the first protocol; and
wherein the second field device is configured to be powered by power signals conforming to the second set of requirements associated with the second protocol.

US Pat. No. 10,599,133

AUTOMATION INTERFACE

Beet, LLC, Plymouth, MI ...

1. A system for controlling automation, the system comprising:a machine including at least one element;
wherein the at least one element is controllable to perform at least one operation;
a user device including a connector port;
an enabling switch comprising:
a trigger configured to switch the enabling switch to an enabled state only when the trigger is manually activated by a user;
wherein the trigger is manually activated only when a continuous manual input is applied to the trigger by the user; and
a connector for selectively connecting the enabling switch to the connector port of the user device; and
a machine control interface (MCI) defining at least one touch activated user interface element (UIE);
wherein;
the MCI is stored in a memory of the enabling switch;
the MCI is retrieved from the enabling switch by the user device;
wherein the MCI is received by the user device and displayed on a touch screen of the user device; and
wherein the at least one UIE can be activated by a touch input to the touch screen to control performance of the at least one operation;
wherein the user device is selectively enabled as an automation human machine interface (HMI) device for controlling the at least one operation only when:
the enabling switch is connected to the user device via the connector;
the MCI is displayed on the touch screen; and
the trigger is manually activated by the user such that the enabling switch is in the enabled state;
wherein:
the at least one operation is one of a sequence of operations (SOP) performed by the machine;
the machine collects data;
the data includes at least one of a baseline cycle time for the at least one operation and an actual cycle time for performance of the at least one operation;
wherein the MCI displays:
the sequence of operations including the at least one operation; and
at least one of:
a baseline cycle indicator displaying the baseline cycle time of the at least one operation; and
an actual cycle indicator displaying the actual cycle time of the at least one operation; and
wherein:
the at least one UIE includes a path defined by the at least one of the baseline cycle indicator and the actual cycle indicator;
the touch input applied to the at least one UIE as a sliding pressure in a first direction along the path actuates performance of an operation cycle of the at least one operation to a conclusion of the operation cycle;
the touch input applied to the at least one UIE as a sliding pressure in a second direction along the path and opposing the first direction actuates performance of the operation cycle of the at least one operation to return to a start condition of the operation cycle; and
a selective interruption of the touch input along the path interrupts performance of the operation cycle of the at least one operation at a selected point in the operation cycle;
wherein the selected point in the operation cycle is between the start condition and the conclusion of the operation cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,599,132

AUTOMATED FASTENER INSERT INSTALLATION SYSTEM FOR COMPOSITE PANELS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An automated fastener insert installation system for use in a composite panel fastener insert installation process, comprising:an adhesive material preparation system, including:
a mixing device arranged to mix and actuate the adhesive material in an adhesive material kit; and
a manipulation device arranged to direct the adhesive material kit to the mixing device and to direct the adhesive material kit having the mixed and actuated adhesive material therein from the mixing device for dispensation of the mixed and actuated adhesive material from the adhesive material kit.

US Pat. No. 10,599,131

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AN AUTOMATED KIOSK WHICH RESPONDS TO NATURAL DISASTERS

WALMART APOLLO, LLC, Ben...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at a processor in an automated kiosk, an electronic weather report for weather associated with a geographic location of the automated kiosk;
receiving, from an exterior sensor mounted on the automated kiosk, exterior sensor data;
receiving, from an interior sensor mounted inside the automated kiosk, interior sensor data;
identifying, via the processor and based on at least one of the electronic weather report, the exterior sensor data, and the interior sensor data, a likelihood of a natural disaster affecting the automated kiosk;
initiating, via the processor, movement of goods within the automated kiosk from a first location within the automated kiosk to a second location within the automated kiosk, the movement of goods being based on a type of the natural disaster and the likelihood of the natural disaster affecting the automated kiosks; and
initiating, via the processor, an external protection action which modifies the automated kiosk based on the type of the natural disaster, the external protection action being based on the type of the natural disaster and the likelihood of the natural disaster affecting the automated kiosks.

US Pat. No. 10,599,130

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MANUFACTURING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT IN CONSIDERATION OF A LOCAL LAYOUT EFFECT

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of manufacturing an integrated circuit (IC) comprising instances of standard cells, the method comprising:arranging a first instance; and
arranging a second instance adjacent to the first instance, wherein the second instance has a front-end layer pattern corresponding to a context group of the first instance,
wherein the context group comprises information of front-end layer patterns of instances, the front-end layer patterns causing a same local layout effect (LLE) on the first instance and arranged adjacent to the first instance,
wherein each of the first instance and the second instance comprises an active region in which a fin field-effect transistor (FinFET) is formed, and
wherein, at a surface adjacent to the first instance and the second instance, a number of fins included in the active region of the first instance is greater than a number of fins included in the active region of the second instance.

US Pat. No. 10,599,129

METHOD FOR DATA NORMALIZATION

Duro Labs, Inc., Los Ang...

1. A method for normalizing manufacturing data comprising:at a user portal, uploading an digital component description document comprising a set of part descriptor entries describing a set of physical parts;
identifying a type of the digital component description document based on categories of physical parts described in part descriptor entries within the digital component description document;
identifying a particular computer-aided design program that output the digital component description document based on the type of the digital component description document and a set of field headers extracted from the digital component description document;
based on the particular computer-aided design program, aligning the set of field headers extracted from the digital component description document to global field headers defined in a component library;
accessing a set of part descriptor rules corresponding to the type of the digital component description document;
detecting deviation of a first part descriptor entry, in the set of part descriptor entries, from a first part descriptor rule in the set of part descriptor rules;
at the user portal, serving a prompt to manually correct the first part descriptor entry;
in response to detecting a subset of like part descriptor entries in the set of part descriptor entries, consolidating the subset of like part descriptor entries into a single part descriptor entry; and
in response to alignment between the digital component description document and the set of part descriptor rules, importing the set of part descriptor entries into the component library.

US Pat. No. 10,599,128

CONTROL DEVICE FOR A MACHINE TOOL

MAKINO MILLING MACHINE CO...

1. A machine tool comprising:a spindle to which a tool is attached, wherein a workpiece is machined by the tool while the tool is moved in X-, Y- and Z-axis directions relative to the workpiece based on a machining program;
a measuring probe attached to an end of the spindle so as to measure the machined workpiece while the measuring probe is moved in the X-, Y- and Z-axis directions based on a measuring program;
X-, Y- and Z-axis digital scales that read X-, Y- or Z-axis coordinates when the measuring probe contacts the machined workpiece;
a control device for controlling the machine tool, the control device comprising,
a storing section for storing an inspection item list for the workpiece in association with a corresponding program number of the machining program, the inspection item list including portions to be measured and corresponding measuring methods; and
a displaying section for displaying inspection items of the inspection item list stored in the storing section in association with the machining program so as to allow an operator to select the portions to be measured and the corresponding measuring methods,
wherein the inspection item list includes measuring modes, which include manual measurement mode, semi-automatic mode, and automatic measurement mode,
the control device stores the measuring program for executing the measuring methods of the automatic measurement mode described in the inspection item list, and reads the coordinates of a predetermined part of the machined workpiece measured by a measuring method of the manual measurement mode described in the inspection item list,
the machined workpiece is measured by executing the stored measuring program so as to perform a measuring method of the automatic measurement mode without dismounting the machined workpiece from the machine tool, and
the measuring method of the manual measurement mode, the measuring method of the semi-automatic measurement mode, and the measuring method of the automatic measurement mode are displayed in the inspection item list on the display section;
wherein the displayed measuring method includes an inner circular surface measurement for measuring the inner diameter of a circular recess, an outer circular surface measurement for measuring the outer diameter of a circular column, a pocket measurement for measuring the lengths of an opening of a rectangular recess in orthogonal two directions, a groove measurement for measuring the width of a groove, a block measuring for measuring the lengths between two pairs of opposite sides of a rectangular boss, a reference surface measurement and a reference point measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,599,127

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AND CONTROL THEREOF

LINCOLN GLOBAL, INC., Sa...

1. A system, comprising:a tool configured to be used in a manufacture process on a workpiece;
a robot including:
an arm having an attachment point, the arm configured to move the tool, when attached to the attachment point, in multiple degrees of freedom during the manufacture process, and
a robot controller configured to control movement of the arm based on motion parameters to perform the manufacture process via the tool; and
a power source including:
power electronics configured to generate electrical output power, based on electrical input parameters, wherein the electrical output power is provided to the tool during the manufacture process, and
a power source controller, wherein the power source controller and the robot controller are configured to communicate information between each other and negotiate a combination of the motion parameters for the robot and the electrical input parameters for the power source,
wherein at least one of the robot controller or the power source controller includes at least one processor and a non-transitory computer-readable medium storing a path planner component including instructions that when executed by the at least one processor cause at least one of the robot controller or the power source controller to generate the motion parameters used to perform the manufacture process while avoiding robot collision conflicts.

US Pat. No. 10,599,126

TOOL-PATH CORRECTING APPARATUS AND TOOL-PATH CORRECTING METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A tool-path correcting apparatus comprising:a cut-point calculating circuit to, on the basis of tool path data in which movement of a tool for machining a machining target object or the machining target object is described, tool data of the tool, and shape data of a machining shape of the machining target object, as cut point information, which is information concerning cut points by the tool on a machining curved surface of the machining shape at a time when the tool is disposed at command points described in the tool path data, calculate a coordinate of a contact point of the tool and the machining curve surface when the tool is in contact with the machining curved surface, calculate a coordinate of a nearest contact point of the tool and the machining curved surface on the machining curved surface when the tool is separated from the machining curved surface, or calculate a coordinate of a most distant point from the tool and the machining curved surface on the machining curved surface when the machining curved surface intrudes into an inside of the tool;
a correction-command-point extracting circuit to extract, on the basis of the tool path data and the cut point information, as correction command points, command points where the tool is separated from the machining curved surface or the curved surface intrudes into the inside of the tool, among the command points described in the tool path data;
a command-point-correcting-direction determining circuit to determine command point correcting directions, which are directions in which the correction command points should be corrected, on the basis of the correction command points; and
a tool-path-data correcting circuit to correct the tool path data by correcting, on the basis of the tool data, the shape data, the cut point information, the correction command points, and the command point correcting directions, the correction command points according to the command point correcting directions such that the tool comes into contact with the machining curved surface.

US Pat. No. 10,599,125

NUMERICAL CONTROLLER

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...

1. A numerical controller for controlling a machine tool including a spindle axis based on a machining program to relatively move the spindle axis with respect to a workpiece, thereby performing cutting in a different direction from a direction of the spindle axis, the numerical controller comprising:a tool data storage unit for storing tool data related to a tool attached to the spindle axis, the tool data including at least a recommended value of one-blade feed of the tool and a number of blades of the tool;
a command analyzer for reading and analyzing a command block from the machining program, and generating movement command data for relatively moving the spindle axis with respect to the workpiece and spindle axis rotation command data for rotating the spindle axis; and
a cutting speed controller for calculating a recommended cutting feed rate of the spindle axis by using at least the recommended value of one-blade feed of the tool and the number of the blades of the tool included in the tool data of the tool, and clamping a cutting feed rate of the spindle axis included in the movement command data at the recommended cutting feed rate when the cutting feed rate of the spindle axis is larger than the recommended cutting feed rate.

US Pat. No. 10,599,124

TOOL PATH GENERATING METHOD

MAKINO MILLING MACHINE CO...

1. A tool path generation method for generating a tool path based on a function defining a curved surface in a three-dimensional space, the method comprising the steps of:inputting a first function derived from a polynomial expression including a plurality of coefficients representing a first curved surface which is a surface to be formed on a workpiece,
generating a first tool path for forming the first curved surface based on the first function;
inputting the first tool path to a numerical control device of a machine tool and machining the workpiece by relative movement between a tool and the workpiece along the first tool path;
measuring a shape of the workpiece at a plurality of measurement points on a surface of the machined workpiece;
calculating, for each of the measurement points, a symmetrical position of said each of the measurement points with respect to the first curved surface in a direction perpendicular to the first curved surface as a correction point;
obtaining a second function representing a second curved surface based on a series of position data of the correction points by changing only the coefficients of the first function so as to fit the second curved surface to the series of position data of the correction points; and
generating a second tool path for forming the second curved surface based on the second function.

US Pat. No. 10,599,123

MACHINE TOOL WITH FUNCTION TO AUTOMATICALLY MODIFY CUTTING CONDITIONS

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A machine tool for machining a workpiece according to a machining program,the machine tool configured to
receive data including
upper limits and lower limits for cutting conditions including a cutting width, a cutting depth, and a cutting load of a tool used for machining, and
a range of the machining program and a modification condition of the machining program for modifying at least one of the cutting width and the cutting depth of the tool,
store the received data in a memory of the machine tool,
automatically modify, based on the modification condition, the at least one of the cutting width and the cutting depth of the tool in the machining program, and
calculate a cutting load imposed upon cutting, based on the modified at least one of the cutting width and the cutting depth,
wherein the machine tool includes a controller configured to
determine whether or not (i) the modified cutting width or cutting depth and (ii) the calculated cutting load fall within ranges between the received upper limits and the received lower limits of the cutting width, cutting depth and cutting load, respectively, and
in response to a determination result that (i) the modified cutting width or cutting depth and (ii) the calculated cutting load fall within the ranges between the received upper limits and the received lower limits of the cutting width, cutting depth and cutting load, respectively,
modify the machining program to apply the modified at least one of the cutting width and the cutting depth in accordance with the range of the machining program stored in the memory, and
execute an actual operation according to the modified machining program.

US Pat. No. 10,599,122

ELECTRICALLY CONTROLLABLE ROTARY PRESSURE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

RIMSCIENCE CO., LTD., Se...

1. An electrically controllable rotary pressure device, comprising:a rotary pressure means for being inserted to a human body structure to bore a hole therein or to be fastened thereto;
a motor for generating torque provided to the rotary pressure means;
a power control unit for supplying power to the motor;
a central processing unit for controlling the power control unit;
a rotational speed sensor for measuring a rotational speed of the motor or the rotary pressure means;
a current sensor for measuring a current flowing into the motor; and
a torque compensation unit for adjusting the torque by adjusting a control signal from the central processing unit to the power control unit based on the measured current,
wherein the central processing unit comprises an abnormality detection unit for receiving the rotational speed from the rotational speed sensor,
wherein when abnormality in the rotational speed is detected by the abnormality detection unit, the power control unit interrupts advance of the rotary pressure means by controlling the power supplied to the motor according to a control signal from the central processing unit for interruption of the power supply so that an output torque of the motor becomes immediately zero upon controlling the power supplied to the motor,
wherein when abnormality in the rotational speed is not detected by the abnormality detection unit, the central processing unit controls the torque compensation unit so that the measured current has a constant value,
wherein a dimension or an intended insertion depth of the rotary pressure means is selected according to a state of the human body structure to prevent damage to the human body structure or to human tissue within the human body structure,
wherein the rotary pressure means comprises a tip opening,
wherein the rotary pressure means further comprises a sensor for collecting information on a material flowing in through the tip opening, and
wherein the central processing unit determines whether to control the power control unit so that advance of the rotary pressure means is interrupted, based on the information on the material.

US Pat. No. 10,599,121

IRRIGATION CONTROLLER

YUAN-MEI CORP., Changhua...

1. An irrigation controller connected to irrigation devices with switchable valves for control of water flow, comprising:a housing having an information controller with memory, a water inlet, at least a water outlet arranged for connecting to a valve, and a plurality of information zones including information of automatic irrigation, manual irrigation, clock set, start time, duration for watering, irrigation frequency, power saving, and valve selection, wherein the memory is configured for storing and executing the information zones, wherein the information controller is coupled with the valves, so that the output signal of the information controller based on a signal from the memory is capable of being transmitted to the valves to control opening or closing of the valves; and
a user interface disposed on an outer surface of the housing, wherein the user interface comprises a round display, a single indicator and a plurality of program buttons, wherein the round display is disposed on one side of the housing, and the program buttons are disposed on an opposite side of the housing, wherein the information zones are displayed around the periphery of the round display, and the indicator is displayed on an inner periphery of the round display for selectively pointing to and indicating one of the information zones, such that the round display displays not only the information zones with their corresponding information but also the indicator, wherein the program buttons comprises a selective key configured for moving the indicator to point to the information zone selected, and at least two program keys operable to program the information zones so as to make the information of the information zone selected be selectively and simultaneously displayed on the round display, wherein said program keys are arranged around said selective key, wherein when the selective key is actuated, the indicator is shifted in a circular path along the inner periphery of the round display so as to switch from one information zone to another information zone.

US Pat. No. 10,599,120

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF MONITORING OF THE EXECUTION SYSTEM OF A PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER

AO Kaspersky Lab, Moscow...

1. A method for monitoring an execution system of a programming logic controller (PLC), the method comprising:accessing, by a security module executable by a processor, the PLC execution system, wherein the PLC execution system comprises a code, the code being monolithic for executing in a same process;
dividing, by the security module, the code and data of the PLC execution system into a plurality of program modules based on at least one of: a functional structure of the PLC execution system, a threat to a security of the PLC execution system, or criticality of the code and data of the PLC execution system;
modifying, by the security module, data exchange interfaces of the program modules used for an interaction between the program modules and resources of an operating system such that said interaction occurs through the security module, while a format of data being exchanged using the modified data exchange interfaces complies with a format specified by the security module; and
monitoring, by the security module, an execution of the PLC execution system, including monitoring the interaction of the program modules of the PLC execution system with each other and with the resources of the operating system.

US Pat. No. 10,599,119

LADDER-PROGRAM MANAGING DEVICE

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A ladder-program managing device comprising:a storage that stores a database; and
a processor that is connected to the storage;
wherein the database includes:
a ladder-program-storing memory region that stores ladder programs providing instructions for individually controlling a plurality of pieces of machinery,
a machinery-alteration history information memory region that stores alterations applied previously to the plurality of pieces of machinery and identification information for identifying contents of the alterations, and
a ladder-program-history information memory region that stores the identification information and correction programs required to perform the alterations;
wherein the processor is configured to:
search for, in the ladder-program-history information memory region, the identification information corresponding to the contents of the alterations to be applied to an alteration-target machinery and, thereafter, to generate searched identification information;
identify the correction program corresponding to the searched identification information;
merge the correction program with the ladder program for the alteration-target machinery; and
generate the correction program; and
wherein the correction program is generated by adding the alterations applied previously to the plurality of pieces of machinery to a difference program, wherein the difference program is a difference between a first ladder program before correction by an operator and a second ladder program after correction by the operator;
wherein, in the case in which a conflict occurs between the ladder program and the correction program, the merging of the correction program generates a plurality of merge candidates with which it is possible to eliminate the conflict.

US Pat. No. 10,599,118

SCREEN INFORMATION GENERATION DEVICE

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A screen information generation device that generates screen information indicating display content of a display device connected to a programmable controller that controls a plurality of operations of a control object device according to a chart program indicating an execution order of a plurality of steps each corresponding to one of the plurality of operations, comprising:circuitry configured to:
when generating an individual-manipulation screen for use in individually actuating the plurality of operations of the control object device, generate the screen information based on the chart program such that a plurality of operation buttons for causing the corresponding plurality of operations of the control object device to be performed at a time that they are selected are displayed on the display device, the plurality of operation buttons respectively corresponding to the plurality of steps, wherein at least part of the plurality of steps of the chart program is a step pair including:
a normal-operation step that operates a movable part of the control object device in one direction including at least one of an advancing step and an ascending step; and
an opposite-operation step that operates the movable part in a direction that is opposite to the one direction including at least one of a retreating step and a descending step, and the circuitry is configured to:
acquire information that specifies the normal-operation step including the at least one of the advancing step and the ascending step and the opposite-operation step including the at least one of the retreating step and the descending step in the plurality of steps; and generate the screen information such that:
the plurality of operation buttons include (1) an operation button for causing the movable part of the control object device to perform an operation corresponding to the normal-operation step including the at least one of the advancing step and the ascending step at the time it is selected and (2) an operation button for causing the movable part of the control object device to perform an operation corresponding to the opposite-operation step including the at least one of the retreating step and the descending step at the time it is selected, and (1) and (2) are displayed adjacent to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,599,117

SAFETY-ORIENTED AUTOMATION SYSTEM

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. An automation system comprising:a field bus having at least three coupling points which are configured to provide an automatic coupling and uncoupling of a plurality of automation devices to/from the field bus, respectively coupled automation devices of the plurality of automation devices being configured to establish functionally safe connections between themselves via the field bus, and functional safety being achieved thereby preventing dangerous malfunctions due to errors; and
a point-to-point communications link arranged between at least a first coupling point and a second coupling point in addition to the field bus, such that for a first automation device of the plurality of automation devices which is capable of being coupled and uncoupled to/from the first coupling point and for a second automation device of the plurality of automation devices which is capable of being coupled and uncoupled to/from the second coupling point, a paired relationship is present between the first and second automation devices of the plurality of automation devices which are capable of being coupled and uncoupled to/from the field bus, the first and second automation devices of the plurality of automation devices which are capable of being coupled and uncoupled each have a point-to-point communications endpoint, said endpoints being configured to establish, alongside the field bus communication, an additional point-to-point communication via the point-to-point communications link, and furthermore at least one automation device selected from the first and second automation devices of the plurality of automation devices capable of being coupled and uncoupled has a test device which is configured to safely test, via an additional communication made possible by the additional point-to-point communications link, whether a desired functionally safe connection was established between the first and second automation devices of the plurality of automation devices and whether one of the first and second automation devices of the plurality of automation devices forms a desired automation device located at an opposite end of the point-to-point communications link and a functionally safe connection is not being erroneously established to an automation device which is located at another coupling point which fails to correspond to the paired relationship.

US Pat. No. 10,599,116

METHODS FOR ENHANCING WELLNESS ASSOCIATED WITH HABITABLE ENVIRONMENTS

Delos Living LLC, New Yo...

1. A method of operation in an environmental control system which includes at least one processor, at least one nontransitory processor-readable medium communicatively coupled to the at least one processor and which stores at least one of instructions or data executable by the at least one processor and a plurality of active subsystems operable to effect a condition in a habitable space, the method comprising:collecting habitable space wellness data that includes, for at least the habitable space, at least one wellness parameter indicative of a wellness associated with the respective habitable space;
collecting personal wellness data that includes, for each of at least one individual who occupies the at least one habitable space, at least one wellness parameter indicative of a wellness associated with the respective individual;
identifying at least one pattern in the collected personal wellness data via at least one machine learning algorithm executed by the at least one processor;
identifying at least one pattern in the collected habitable space wellness data via at least one machine learning algorithm executed by the at least one processor;
determining, by the at least one processor, at least one adjustment to at least one operational parameter based on the identified at least one pattern in the collected personal wellness data and the collected habitable space wellness data; and
adjusting, by the at least one processor, a baseline set of operational parameters of each of a plurality of active subsystems based on both the collected habitable space wellness data and the collected personal wellness data.

US Pat. No. 10,599,115

UNIFIED BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH SPACE USE CASE PROFILES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building management system for managing one or more places that include one or more spaces, comprising:a plurality of devices of building equipment that operate across multiple building equipment domains, each of the plurality of devices serving one or more of the spaces; and
a controller configured to, for each space:
associate the space with a first group of the plurality of devices of building equipment, the first group comprising multiple devices that serve the space and that operate across the multiple building equipment domains;
select a space profile from a plurality of selectable space profiles, at least two of the space profiles associated with a different type of space serving a different function, the space profile comprising a plurality of job profiles, at least two of the job profiles associated with a different job to be accomplished at the space, each job profile comprising a first space use case profile that identifies how to accomplish at least a part of the job associated with the job profile;
select the first space use case profile; and
in response to selecting the first space use case profile, control at least some of the first group of devices in accordance with the first space use case profile to execute a first space use case that accomplishes at least the part of the job associated with the job profile.

US Pat. No. 10,599,114

VEHICLE ELECTRONIC RECEPTIONIST FOR COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT

International Business Ma...

11. A system for communications management in driving vehicles, comprising:one or more computer processors;
one or more computer-readable storage media;
program instructions, stored on the one or more computer-readable storage media, which when implemented by the one or more processors, cause the computer system to perform:
determining driving context of a moving vehicle;
estimating a risk factor related to the operation of the vehicle based on the driving context;
receiving an incoming communication directed to a mobile communication device within the vehicle;
analyzing the incoming communication to determine a communication factor representing an assessment of the incoming communication; and
determining an electronic action in response to the incoming communication based on the driving context, the risk factor and the communication factor.

US Pat. No. 10,599,113

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN ORDER OF POWER DEVICES IN POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS

Solaredge Technologies Lt...

1. A method comprising:transmitting, to at least one first power device of a plurality of power devices connected in a serial string, a command to change an output electrical parameter;
causing at least one electrical signal to be transmitted from at least one second power device of the plurality of power devices;
receiving, from at least one of the plurality of power devices, at least one measured value responsive to the at least one electrical signal; and
determining, by analyzing the at least one measured value, which ones of the plurality of power devices are ordered in the serial string between the at least one first power device and the at least one second power device.

US Pat. No. 10,599,112

METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING AND CONFIGURING A DEVICE IN A TRACEABLE MANNER

Schneider Electric Automa...

1. A method for the traceable programming and/or configuring of at least one embedded device, the method comprising:(a) transmitting, from a programming system, data to a plurality of embedded devices, with the transmitted data including code executable by each of the devices and being generated from a source code;
(b) producing, by the programming system, a first unique identifier by use of a hash function on the basis of at least some of the transmitted data and of at least some of the source code and of an identification of each of the plurality of devices, such that a different first unique identifier is generated for each of the plurality of embedded devices;
(c) transmitting, by the programming system, the first unique identifier to each of the plurality of embedded devices and storing, by each of the embedded devices, the respective first unique identifier at a respective embedded device; and
(d) storing at least the transmitted data used for the first unique identifier, the source code used for the first unique identifier, and the first unique identifier are stored in a memory device independent of the device which is a server arranged remote from the programming system.

US Pat. No. 10,599,111

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN INDUSTRIAL MACHINE WITH A GLOVE DEVICE

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF P...

1. A method of embedded control, comprising:detecting, via processing circuitry of a single board computer embedded in at least one wearable hand device in the form of a glove having a plurality of fingers, a palm portion, and a back of hand portion, a presence of light emitted by a plurality of light emitting diodes and received by a plurality of light dependent resistors coupled to the plurality of light emitting diodes, the plurality of light emitting diodes and the plurality of light dependent resistors being fixed along at least one finger of the glove and wherein each of the light emitting diodes and a corresponding light dependent resistor are housed in a cylindrical container;
pulsing the plurality of light emitting diodes at a predetermined frequency to isolate emission from the plurality of light emitting diodes to predetermined points in time to filter the emission from the plurality of light emitting diodes from the ambient light,
filtering, via a signal conditioning circuit included in the glove device, an ambient light signal;
determining, via the processing circuitry, one or more integer values corresponding to the presence of light received by the plurality of light dependent resistors; and
transmitting, via the processing circuitry, the one or more integer values to at least one remote device via a real-time Data Distribution Service middleware,
wherein the predetermined frequency is a variable switching frequency as a function of a time of day, an amount of ambient light present, and a total number of light emitting diodes.

US Pat. No. 10,599,110

GLOVE SYSTEM FOR REMOTE CONTROL OF INDUSTRIAL MACHINES

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF P...

1. A wearable embedded control system, comprising:at least one remote device; and
at least one wearable hand device in the form of a glove, including:
a plurality of fingers,
a palm portion,
a back of hand portion, and
a plurality of light emitting diodes and a plurality of light dependent resistors coupled to the plurality of light emitting diodes wherein the plurality of light emitting diodes and the plurality of light dependent resistors are fixed along at least one finger of the glove, each of the light emitting diodes and a corresponding light dependent resistor being housed in a cylindrical container,
a signal conditioning circuit configured to filter an ambient light signal, and
a single board computer including processing circuitry configured to:
pulse the plurality of light emitting diodes at a predetermined frequency to isolate emission from the plurality of light emitting diodes to predetermined points in time to filter the emission from the plurality of light emitting diodes from the ambient light,
detect a presence of light emitted by the plurality of light emitting diodes and received by the plurality of light dependent resistors,
determine one or more integer values corresponding to the presence of light received by the plurality of light dependent resistors, and
transmit the one or more integer values to the at least one remote device via a real-time Data Distribution Service middleware,
wherein the predetermined frequency is a variable switching frequency as a function of a time of day, an amount of ambient light present, and a total number of light emitting diodes.

US Pat. No. 10,599,109

OPTIMIZING APPLIANCE BASED ON PREPARATION TIME

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for operating one or more appliances, comprising:estimating a time period for a user to arrive at a location, wherein the estimated time period is based on one or more time constraints;
identifying one or more appliances needed based on at least an instruction set;
determining if the one or more appliances are being utilized, not being utilized, or non-functioning;
receiving property specifications for the one or more appliances that are not being utilized,
wherein identifying one or more appliances needed is further based on the determined one or more appliances not being utilized and the received property specifications for the one or more appliances that are not being utilized;
generating and sending one or more operating commands to the identified one or more appliances based on the estimated time period;
updating the estimated time period based on a change in the one or more time constraints; and
generating and sending one or more updated operating commands to the identified one or more appliances, based on the updated estimated time period.

US Pat. No. 10,599,108

BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH DELTA VIEW MODE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building management system comprising:building equipment that operate to affect a variable state or condition in a building;
an interface generator configured to generate a graphical user interface, the graphical user interface comprising:
user-configurable options associated with the building equipment, each user-configurable option having a current setting, the current settings of the user-configurable options defining a current system state; and
a delta view mode button configured to allow a user to request to enter a delta view mode relative to a comparison system state, the comparison system state defined by a comparison setting for each of the user-configurable options in effect at a user-selected historical time; and
a system manager configured to identify one or more unchanged user-configurable options by determining the user-configurable options for which the current setting matches the comparison setting;
wherein interface generator is further configured to hide the unchanged user-configurable options in the graphical user interface in response to a user request to enter the delta view mode.

US Pat. No. 10,599,107

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SMART GRID DYNAMIC REGULATION POOLS

1. A system for controlling physical electrical power assets, the system comprising:at least one processor configured via executable instructions included in at least one memory to:
initiate a plurality of pool regulation tasks that are respectively executed by different respective processors of the at least one processor;
respectively manage, by the plurality of pool regulation tasks, respective subsets of electrical power assets assigned to different regulation pools to fulfill electrical power requirements for market orders received from at least one energy trading market system, the respective management comprising:
determination of whether to reassign at least one electrical power asset of the respective subsets of electrical power assets to fulfill at least one of the market orders;
responsive to a determination to reassign the at least one electrical power asset, remove the at least one electrical power asset from one regulation pool of the respective different regulation pools managed with one pool regulation task of the plurality of pool regulation tasks for another market order of the market orders and assign the removed at least one electrical power asset to another regulation pool of the respective different regulation pools managed with another pool regulation task of the plurality of pool regulation tasks for the at least one market order; and
control of the at least one electrical power asset, such that electric power is provided, electric power is consumed, or electric power is provided and electric power is consumed,
wherein the respective subsets of electrical power assets comprise one or more load assets, one or more power output assets, one or more storage asset types, or any combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,599,106

“CLOUD CAPABLE” BATTERY DEVICE COMMAND AND CONTROL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH AN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE MEANS

Bravo Zulu International ...

1. A cloud based systemic system comprising:a computer system having hardware, firmware, data storage and software with at least one Cloud Capable Local Device;
said computer system having a bi-directional communication that is configured for local or remote connection, or monitoring, or control of said at least one Cloud Capable Local Device;
said Cloud Capable Local Device is connected to at least one battery;
when said at least one battery is connected to said Cloud Capable Local Device said Cloud Capable Local Device performs a Geo-position of the battery and performs an electrical test where results of said electrical test are compared to a database of known battery definitions to determine a deviation;
said deviation is used to formulate alarm parameters and triggers, activate an alarm condition, formulate and implement a corrective action, test the corrective action, store the event data and reset the Alarm Condition, all without specific human intervention as related to said at least one battery that is remotely viewable;
said Cloud Capable Local Device has an internal auto sequence mode that charges said at least one battery, a BattRecon de-sulfation process and then a discharge test to said at least one battery;
said Cloud Capable Local Device has a Manual Mode operation that applies one process to one said Cloud Capable Local Device to battery(s), facility(s), or an environmental condition to said at least one battery;
an auto sequence array that sequences through at least two Manual Mode operations;
said at least one Cloud Capable Local Device includes said Manual Mode operation, said internal Auto Sequence mode, a safety and operational function, a create operational Alarm profiles function, a remote scanning process to measure and transmit measurement of a said at least one battery, facility, an environmental or ancillary device metrics, a remote Command Process that enables an operator to create and implement functional device commands, a function to provide a real time display, a function to change parameters for the Manual Mode operation during assignment and positioning within the Auto Sequence Array, a manual mode function that cycles between multiple said Manual Mode operations within the Auto Sequence Array that uses a time limitation, wherein when the time limitation expires, an Auto Sequence routine moves to a next sequential Manual Mode operation, a function that cycles between the Manual Mode operations within the Auto Sequence Array that uses a Volts per Cell (VPC) limitation, wherein when an Assigned VPC is attained or exceeded, the Auto Sequence routine moves to the next Manual Mode operation within said auto sequence array, and
a process to cycle between Manual Mode operations within the Auto Sequence mode by using a metric parameter limitation, when the assigned metric parameter, or parameters range is attained or exceeded, the Auto Sequence array moves to the next sequential Manual Mode operation.

US Pat. No. 10,599,105

SWITCH TERMINAL WITH WIRING COMPONENTS SECURED TO CIRCUITRY WIRING WITHOUT EXTERNAL LIVE POINTS OF CONTACT

Edison Labs, Inc., San F...

1. A system for controlling a first switch terminal of a building occupied by one or more building occupants, comprising: first and second switch terminals including a plurality of switch terminal parameters for a switch terminal relative to the building, comprising: a first computer system coupled to the first switch terminal of the building at a first location of the building; a second computer system coupled to the second switch terminal of the building at a second location of the building, the second computer system running on at least one platform, the first and second computer systems being in communication with each other, the second switch terminal supplementing information obtained from the first switch terminal to allow the first and second switch terminals to interact with each other and execute additional capabilities; a first plurality of sensors and a second set of sensors respectively coupled to the first and second switch terminals and the first computer and second computer system, at least a portion of the sensors having signal data to the first and second computer systems; anda locking mechanism to couple wiring components of the first and second switch terminals to circuitry wiring without live points of contact, the locking mechanism having quick capture and release of the circuitry wiring to the wiring components, and the circuitry wiring is isolated internally to the to the first and second switch terminals respectively and couples the wiring components to the circuitry wiring without damaging circuit wiring;
wherein the locking mechanism is a mechanical locking mechanism; and
a user can activate the locking mechanism to release the coupling of wiring components and the locking mechanism while the locking mechanism deactivates the locking elements allowing the wiring components to be pulled out of the switch terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,599,104

CONTROL DEVICE AND MOTOR CONTROL SYSTEM

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A control device comprising:circuitry configured to generate a second command value for a motor on a basis of at least one of:
a first command value received from a numerical controller;
feedback data received from a motor controller that controls the motor on the basis of the first command value; and
sensor data received from a sensor;
a communication circuit to transmit the second command value to the numerical controller; and
a signal relay circuit to allow the first command value transmitted from the numerical controller to pass therethrough to the motor controller without change to the first command value, and allow the feedback data transmitted from the motor controller to pass therethrough to the numerical controller without change to the feedback data, the signal relay circuit being connected to a communication line between the numerical controller and the motor controller.

US Pat. No. 10,599,103

SAFETY-ORIENTED AUTOMATION SYSTEM

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. An automation system comprising:a fieldbus;
at least two automation devices which are securely connected to the fieldbus; and
at least two coupling points configured to provide automated connection and disconnection of an exchanging device of a plurality of exchanging devices to and from the fieldbus, the plurality of exchanging devices being configured to establish a functionally safe connection with the at least two automation devices via the fieldbus, functional safety thus achieved serving to avoid malfunctions caused by errors;
wherein the at least two automation devices are configured to gain exclusive access to the exchanging device of the plurality of exchanging devices via a safety program and configured to initiate and control a particular connection of the exchanging device of the plurality of exchanging devices to a coupling point after obtaining access authorization, the at least two automation devices being further configured to establish a functionally safe connection to the exchanging device of the plurality of exchanging devices after the particular connection and configured to send commands to the exchanging device of the plurality of exchanging devices, the at least two automation devices being further configured to disconnect the functionally safe connection to a currently connected exchanging device of the plurality of exchanging devices and to initiate and control disconnection of the exchanging device of the plurality of exchanging devices from the coupling point; and
wherein the safety program is further configured to re-enable the exclusive access to the exchanging device of the plurality of exchanging devices.

US Pat. No. 10,599,102

TIMEPIECE WITH AN ANTENNA

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A timepiece comprising:an antenna;
a holding member arranged with a predetermined space above the antenna;
a pointer shaft arranged at a position which overlaps the antenna in a plan view and rotatably held by the holding member; and
a pointer mounted on the pointer shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,599,101

WEARABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A wearable electronic device comprising:a housing defining a first opening and having a sidewall defining a second opening;
a watch band configured to secure the wearable electronic device to a user;
a cover positioned over the first opening;
a display positioned below the cover;
a touch sensor positioned below the cover and configured to detect a location of a touch on the cover;
a force sensor positioned between the cover and the housing and configured to detect a force of the touch on the cover; and
a crown comprising
a dial disposed along the sidewall of the housing;
a shaft that extends through the second opening defined by the sidewall;
a first sensor that is configured to detect a translational input; and
a second sensor that is configured to detect a rotational input;wherein:the display is responsive to each of:
the touch at the cover;
the force of the touch at the cover;
the translational input at the crown; and
the rotational input at the crown.

US Pat. No. 10,599,100

MULTI-BLADE SHOCK ABSORBER

1. A shock-absorbing device for a timepiece, comprising:a support including a block support, the block support including an at least partially through slot and a through hole;
a staff of a wheel set of the timepiece arranged on the support;
a pivot stone including a free setting, a pierced stone, and an endstone, the pivot stone being arranged in the slot and placed on a base of the block support, the pierced stone and the endstone having a same width and being driven into the free setting; a pivot shank of the staff of the wheel set to pass through the through hole and the pierced stone, and be inserted in the endstone; and
a plurality of blades including at least a first blade and a second blade spaced from one another extending from the support,
wherein the first blade is in contact with the endstone and exerts a prestress
wherein an upper surface of the endstone in contact with the first blade has a convex shape, and the apex of the convex upper surface contacts the first blade.

US Pat. No. 10,599,099

TIMEPIECE MECHANISM

1. A timepiece mechanism, wherein the mechanism comprises:a first lever, rotatable about a lever axis, the angular position of the first lever representing a first value a, wherein a zero value of the first value corresponds to a reference direction,
a sliding block mounted to move in translation on the first lever in a direction substantially perpendicular to the axis of the first lever and comprising a guide-mark element whose trajectory in translation relative to the first lever is secant to the lever axis, the radial position of the guide-mark element with respect to the lever axis representing a second value b,
an output device formed of a deformable parallelogram in a plane perpendicular to the lever axis, the parallelogram including a first side that is stationary relative to the lever axis and perpendicular to the reference direction, a second side opposite to the first side and linked in translation to the guide-mark element in the direction perpendicular to the reference direction,and wherein the angular position of the third side and the fourth side of the parallelogram, which are adjacent to the first side, satisfies the equation:r·sin(a)=R·sin(b)where r is the radial distance of the guide-mark element from the lever axis and R is the length of the third side and the fourth side of the parallelogram.

US Pat. No. 10,599,098

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LIGHT FIELD GENERATION

The Charles Stark Draper ...

1. A radiation projector comprising:a plurality of nanophotonic antennas configured to emit electromagnetic radiation;
a plurality of phase delay elements, each phase delay element characterized by a phase delay, at least one phase delay element associated with at least one of the plurality of nanophotonic antennas; and
a control signal generator configured to generate a control signal associated with the plurality of delay elements,
wherein the control signal generator is further configured to recurrently update phase delays of the plurality of phase delay elements in such a manner as to cause the electromagnetic radiation to substantially span at least one contiguous solid angle.

US Pat. No. 10,599,097

IMAGE AND/OR VIDEO CAPTURE FROM DIFFERENT VIEWING ANGLES OF PROJECTED MIRROR LIKE REFLECTIVE HOLOGRAPHIC IMAGE SURFACE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A system comprising:a mobile device having a hologram emitter, an imager, memory, at least one processor in communication with memory, and program instructions executable by one or more processor via the memory to perform a method comprising:
projecting, from the hologram emitter of the mobile device, a holographic image having a mirror-like reflective surface at a position and an orientation from the mobile device;
obtaining, from the imager of the mobile device, image data and/or video data of a reflection of an object reflected off the projected holographic mirror-like reflective surface; and
wherein the projecting comprises projecting, from the hologram emitter of the mobile device, the holographic image having the mirror-like reflective surface relative to an obstruction disposed along a line-of-sight between the mobile device and the object, and the obtaining comprises obtaining, from the imager of the mobile device, the image data or the video data, of the reflection of the object disposed beyond the obstruction.

US Pat. No. 10,599,096

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS EQUIPPED WITH AIR COOLING MECHANISM FOR COOLING COMPONENTS (COOLED UNITS) DURING USE

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus in which a cooling unit that is mounted on a lower portion of a cooled unit as a cooling target is used to cool the cooled unit by causing cooling air to flow along one direction; whereinthe cooling unit comprises
a cooling duct having an upper surface that comes in contact with the lower portion of the cooled unit along the one direction, and inside of which the cooling air flows along the one direction from one side toward another side; and
the cooling duct is provided with:
an opening portion in a boundary surface that is a surface intersecting a surface contacting the upper surface in the cooling duct, and that connects on the upper surface side an inside portion of the cooling duct with an outside portion of the cooling duct;
a rectifying plate that is located at a location along the one direction where the opening portion is formed, and that deflects the flow of the cooling air on an upper side inside the cooling duct in a vertical direction; and
a parallel duct that comes in contact with the cooling duct via the boundary surface and inside of which the cooling air flows along the one direction from the one side toward the another side.

US Pat. No. 10,599,095

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus capable of executing an image forming job for continuously forming images on a plurality of recording materials, said image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member;
a developing device including a developer carrying member configured to carry a developer containing toner and a carrier to develop an electrostatic latent image formed on said image bearing member, a developer container accommodating the developer to be supplied to said developer carrying member, and a developer feeding portion configured to feed the developer accommodated in said developer container;
a supplying screw configured to supply developer to said developing device;
a driving device configured to rotationally drive said supplying screw; and
a controller,
wherein said controller is capable of executing an operation in a mode in which said controller controls said driving device,
so that a rotational speed of said supplying screw when said supplying screw is rotated a predetermined number of times to supply the developer to said developing device in a predetermined amount during execution of an image forming job for continuously forming images on a plurality of first recording materials is a first rotational speed, and
so that a rotational speed of said supplying screw when said supplying screw is rotated the predetermined number of times to supply the developer to said developing device in the predetermined amount during execution of an image forming job for continuously forming images on a plurality of second recording materials is a second rotational speed slower than the first rotational speed, and
wherein the second recording materials have a length longer than a length of the first recording materials with respect to a sub-scan direction.

US Pat. No. 10,599,094

PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER CARTRIDGE AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main assembly;
a photosensitive drum cartridge; and
a developing cartridge,
wherein the photosensitive drum cartridge comprises:
a photosensitive drum,
a transfer roller configured to transfer an image formed on the photosensitive drum to a recording material,
a frame configured to support the photosensitive drum and the transfer roller,
a mounting portion provided with side walls that are a part of the frame, the side walls being provided at both end portions of the frame in an axial direction that is along a rotational axis of the photosensitive drum, and the mounting portion being configured to detachably mount the developing cartridge,
a pressing member configured to press the developing cartridge when the developing cartridge is mounted to the mounting portion, and
a lever provided at an end portion of the frame with respect to the axial direction, the lever being configured to move the developing cartridge mounted to the mounting portion upward,
wherein the developing cartridge comprises:
a developing roller configured to provide the photosensitive drum with toner and to develop a latent image formed on the photosensitive drum,
a housing provided with a toner storing section that stores toner, the housing being configured to support the developing roller so that the developing roller is capable of providing the photosensitive drum with toner stored in the toner storing section, with the supported developing roller being rotatable, and
a memory unit including a memory and an electrical contact provided to a bottom surface of the developing cartridge,
wherein the developing cartridge includes a contact surface located lower than an upper surface of the developing cartridge mounted to the mounting portion of the photosensitive drum cartridge mounted into the main assembly, the contact surface being capable of being contacted by the lever,
wherein a bottom surface of the photosensitive drum cartridge faces a conveying path of a conveyed recording material, the conveyed recording material passing through a nip formed by the photosensitive drum and the transfer roller in a state where the photosensitive drum cartridge is mounted into the main assembly and the developing cartridge is mounted to the photosensitive drum cartridge,
wherein the memory unit is arranged on an opposite side of the conveying path of the recording material with respect to a part of the frame of the photosensitive drum cartridge,
wherein the memory unit is connected electrically to the main assembly through an electrical contact portion facing the memory unit in a state where the photosensitive drum cartridge is mounted into the main assembly and the developing cartridge is mounted to the mounting portion from above,
wherein the developing cartridge includes a pressed portion protruding, the developing cartridge being configured to maintain a state where the developing cartridge is mounted to the mounting portion of the photosensitive drum cartridge in a state where the pressed portion is pressed by the pressing member, and the developing cartridge being configured to move upward by the lever contacting to the contact surface when the lever is operated in a state where the developing cartridge is mounted to the mounting portion, and
wherein the pressed portion is arranged above the memory unit and the pressing member is arranged farther from the developing roller than the memory unit in a state where the developing cartridge is mounted to the mounting portion of the photosensitive drum cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,599,093

IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image formation apparatus comprising:an apparatus housing including a stacker formed on a periphery of the apparatus housing, wherein the stacker includes an opening;
an image formation part provided in the apparatus housing and configured to form an image on a medium; and
a fixation unit detachably attached in the apparatus housing and configured to fix the image formed by the image formation part on the medium, wherein in a state where the fixation unit is attached in the apparatus housing, a part of the fixation unit is exposed through the opening of the stacker to constitute a part of the stacker such that the opening of the stacker allows the fixation unit to be taken out from the apparatus housing therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,599,092

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS PROVIDED WITH FIXING MEMBER ENGAGED TO ROLLER AND FRAME

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a roller including a shaft, a roller portion covering the shaft, and a bearing portion rotatably supporting the shaft;
an endless belt having an outer peripheral surface configured to contact the roller portion;
a frame supporting the endless belt and the bearing portion, the frame and the bearing portion providing a contact region at which the frame and the bearing portion are in contact with each other in a direction perpendicular to an axial direction of the shaft, the shaft being located between the endless belt and the contact region; and
a fixing member positioned at a stationary position relative to the frame, the fixing member and the shaft providing a first region at which the fixing member engages with the shaft in the direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the shaft, the first region being located between the shaft and the endless belt, the fixing member and the frame providing a second region and a third region opposite to the second region with respect to a rotational axis of the shaft, the fixing member engaging with the frame at the second region and the third region in the direction perpendicular to the axial direction, the second region and the third region being located at positions different from the contact region and the first region,
wherein the fixing member includes a first surface parallel to the rotational axis of the shaft and a second surface parallel to the rotational axis, and an intermediate surface parallel to the rotational axis and positioned between the first surface and the second surface,
wherein the first surface directly contacts one surface of the frame at the second region,
wherein the intermediate surface contacts an outer surface of the bearing portion at the first region between the second region and the third region, thereby engaging with the shaft, and
wherein the second surface directly contacts another surface of the frame at the third region.

US Pat. No. 10,599,091

CABINET, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A cabinet comprising:a body;
an opening-closing cover to open and close with respect to the body in an open-close direction;
a first engagement assembly including:
a first body side engagement being disposed on the body and including a slide restriction face; and
a first cover side engagement, disposed on the opening-closing cover, to engage the first body side engagement, the first cover side engagement including a slide restriction face;
a second engagement assembly including:
a second body side engagement being disposed on the body and including a slide restriction face; and
a second cover side engagement, disposed on the opening-closing cover, to engage the second body side engagement, the second cover side engagement including a slide restriction face; and
a slider, mounting the first cover side engagement and the second cover side engagement, to slide with respect to the opening-closing cover in an engagement direction so as to engage the first cover side engagement and the second cover side engagement with the first body side engagement and the second body side engagement, respectively,
the slide restriction faces of the first cover side engagement and the second cover side engagement to come into contact with the slide restriction faces of the first body side engagement and the second body side engagement, respectively, to restrict sliding of the slider in the engagement direction when the first cover side engagement is not at a position where the first cover side engagement engages the first body side engagement in the open-close direction,
the slide restriction face of at least one of the first body side engagement and the first cover side engagement having a length in the open-close direction that is greater than a length of the slide restriction face of other one of the first body side engagement, the first cover side engagement, the second body side engagement, and the second cover side engagement.

US Pat. No. 10,599,090

PROCESS CARTRIDGE

JIANGXI YIBO E-TECH CO. L...

1. A process cartridge comprising:a housing;
a driving force receiver configured to receive a rotation driving force from a rotatable driving head of an imaging device, wherein the driving force receiver comprises a pair of claws that protrude in a direction of a rotational axis of the driving force receiver, wherein the claws are arranged along a circumferential direction of the driving force receiver and are located at an end of the driving force receiver, wherein the driving force receiver comprises a power receiving portion, a power transmission portion and a middle connecting portion connecting the power receiving portion and the power transmission portion, wherein the power receiving portion, the power transmission portion and the middle connecting portion constitute an Oldham coupler;
a flange configured to rotate by receiving the rotation driving force from the driving force receiver;
an elastic member configured to urge the power receiving portion to move relative to the flange in a direction crossing a rotational axis of the flange;
wherein during installation of the process cartridge into the imaging device, after the power receiving portion abuts the rotatable driving head, the power receiving portion overcomes a force from the elastic member to move to a position in which a rotational axis of the power receiving portion is offset from a rotational axis of the rotatable driving head; and the power receiving portion keeps abutting the rotatable driving head;
wherein during rotation of the rotatable driving head, an output arm of the rotatable driving head drives at least one of the pair of claws, causing the driving force receiver to rotate;
wherein when the output arm causes the driving force receiver to rotate, the elastic member urges the power receiving portion to move to a position in which the rotational axis of the power receiving portion is the same as the rotational axis of the rotatable driving head and the power receiving portion engages the rotatable driving head.

US Pat. No. 10,599,089

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming system including an image forming apparatus that forms an image on a sheet, and a finisher that performs a post-printing process with the sheet, the image forming system comprising:a paper path through which the sheet is passed;
an electricity eliminator that is arranged in the upstream side of the finisher to apply at least one agent of water and charge to the sheet; and
a hardware processor that controls an application amount of the agent to be applied to the sheet by the electricity eliminator based on an amount of charge which is generated on the sheet when the sheet is passing through the paper path.

US Pat. No. 10,599,088

SHEET PROCESSING APPARATUS

Canon Finetech Nisca Inc....

7. A sheet processing apparatus comprising:a conveying portion configured to convey a sheet;
a placement portion on which a sheet which has been conveyed by the conveying portion is placed;
a regulation portion configured to contact an edge of a sheet which has been placed on the placement portion and to regulate a position of the sheet;
an alignment portion configured to perform an alignment operation on a sheet in a direction along the edge of the sheet;
a folding portion configured to perform folding processing on a sheet positioned at a folding processing position;
a moving portion configured to move a sheet which has been regulated by the regulation portion, to the folding processing position; and
a control portion configured to execute a first mode and a second mode,
wherein in the first mode, (i) the control portion causes the conveying portion to convey a sheet to the placement portion, after which the edge of the sheet which has been placed on the placement portion contacts the regulation portion, then the control portion causes the moving portion to position the sheet, the edge of which has contacted the regulation portion, at the folding processing position, and then the control portion causes the folding portion to perform the folding processing on the sheet which has been positioned at the folding processing position by the moving portion, and in the first mode, (ii) the control portion causes the alignment portion not to perform any alignment operation on the sheet, the edge of which has contacted the regulation portion, before the control portion causes the moving portion to position the sheet at the folding processing position, and
wherein in the second mode, the control portion causes the conveying portion to convey a sheet to the placement portion, after which the edge of the sheet which has been placed on the placement portion contacts the regulation portion, then the control portion causes the alignment portion to perform the alignment operation on the sheet, the edge of which has contacted the regulation portion, in a direction along the edge of the sheet, then the control portion causes the moving portion to position the sheet, the edge of which has contacted the regulation portion, at the folding processing position, and then the control portion causes the folding portion to perform the folding processing on the sheet which has been positioned at the folding processing position by the moving portion.

US Pat. No. 10,599,087

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND RECORDING MEDIUM

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus which includes a plurality of parts including a rotating unit and which uses the plurality of parts to form an image on a sheet, the apparatus comprising:a sheet conveyor which conveys a plurality of sheets;
an image former which forms an image on the conveyed sheet;
an image reader which reads image data on a sheet on which the image is formed; and
a hardware processor which controls a conveying interval of the sheet by the sheet conveyor, which controls the image former to form an image on the sheet and to output the sheet, which detects a defect from the read image data, and which diagnoses a failed part in which the defect is detected periodically based on information of the detected defect and a cycle of the part,
wherein when the failed part is diagnosed, the hardware processor controls the image former to form an image for failure diagnosis and sets a conveying interval of the sheet by the sheet conveyor larger than the conveying interval in normal image forming.

US Pat. No. 10,599,086

AUTOMATED STOCK EVALUATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

XEROX CORPORATION, Norwa...

1. A networked printing environment comprising:a system for predicting performance for a stock,
a fleet of printers, anda computer network which links the printers to the system, the system comprising: non-transitory memory which stores:a crowdsourcing component, which acquires reports from multiple printers in the fleet of printers, the reports comprising performance data and printer attributes used when printing one of a plurality of stocks;
a learning component which learns a prediction model, based on the acquired reports;
a prediction component which uses the learned prediction model to make a prediction for at least one of:
whether performance of a selected stock will be equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold for performance, based on one or more performance measures, on one of the printers in the fleet of printers,
an alternative to the selected stock which is predicted to perform better, based on one or more performance measures, than the selected stock, on one of the printers in the fleet of printers, and
a recommendation for a stock with a performance equal to or greater than a predetermined threshold for performance, based on one or more performance measures, on one of the printers in the fleet of printers;
a processor, in communication with the memory, which implements the components; and
an output device which outputs the prediction, the prediction or information based thereon, being received by at least one of the fleet of printers or by a user interface local to the at least one of the fleet of printers.

US Pat. No. 10,599,085

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING CONTROL RELATIVE TO COLLECTED TONER AMOUNT

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:an image forming portion configured to form an image;
a container configured to contain toner collected from the image forming portion;
a conveyance member, which is provided inside of the container so as to be rotatable, and is configured to convey the toner contained in the inside of the container;
a toner sensor configured to detect toner presence or toner absence at a detection portion provided in the inside of the container and downstream of the conveyance member with respect to a conveyance direction;
a count portion configured to count a value correlated to a toner amount collected into the container from a point in time when the toner sensor detects the toner presence;
a load sensor configured to detect a rotation load of the conveyance member; and
a controller configured to inhibit image formation in a case that a detection result of the load sensor is a predetermined load value or more,
wherein in a case that an elapsed time from the point in time when the toner sensor detects the toner presence until the value counted by the count portion reaches a predetermined count value is longer than a predetermined period, the controller inhibits image formation based on the value counted by the count portion, and
wherein in a case that the elapsed time is shorter than the predetermined period, the controller is configured to allow an image forming operation to continue until the predetermined period elapses from the point in time when the toner sensor detects the toner presence.

US Pat. No. 10,599,084

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, CONTROL PROGRAM, AND IMAGE FORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image former that forms an image on a continuous transfer medium on the basis of image data of a job;
a controller that manages the job and controls the image former; and
an operation display controlled by the controller and that accepts an operational input, wherein
the controller compares a job medium width size specified in the job with a fed medium width size used in printing,
when the controller determines that the job medium width size is smaller than the fed medium width size based on the result of the comparison, the controller displays a setting screen including an item for setting an image print position on the continuous transfer medium on the operation display, and adjusts the image print position to any of a plurality of positions in a width direction on the continuous transfer medium based on the operational input,
when adjusting the image print position, the controller causes the image former to print, on paper having the fed medium width size, the image of the job in which the job medium width size is specified,
when the controller determines that the job medium width size is larger than the fed medium width size based on the result of the comparison, the controller cancels printing of the job and erases the job, and
the controller:
after displaying the setting screen on the operation display and setting the image print position, causes the image former to form the image based on the job that specifies the job medium width size smaller than the fed medium width size, and
after forming the image based on the job that specifies the job medium width size smaller than the fed medium width size, causes the image former to form, without displaying the setting screen, another image based on another job that specifies a job medium width size that is same as the fed medium width size or same as the job medium width size specified in an immediately previous job.

US Pat. No. 10,599,083

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a printing part including:
an image carrier on a surface of which an electrostatic latent image is to be formed;
a developing device that develops the electrostatic latent image to generate a toner image;
a transfer device that transfers the toner image on the image carrier to a paper sheet at a transfer position;
a fixing device that fixes the toner image transferred by the transfer device, on the paper sheet; and
a cleaner that removes toner remaining on the image carrier;
a selection part that allows a user to select one of a plurality of automatic detection modes of different detection speeds;
a paper conveying part including:
a paper feeder that supplies the paper sheet;
a conveying roller that conveys the paper sheet supplied from the paper feeder at a conveyance speed corresponding to a detection speed in the automatic detection mode selected with the selection part; and
a timing roller that supplies the paper sheet conveyed by the conveying roller, to the transfer position;
a detector that detects a characteristic of the paper sheet being conveyed by the conveying roller; and
a hardware processor that detects a paper type category to which the paper sheet belongs based on the automatic detection mode selected with the selection part and a result of detection by the detector, and controls the printing part under image forming conditions corresponding to the detected paper type category, to print the toner image on the paper sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,599,082

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND PATTERN DETECTION METHOD BY IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearer configured to bear a toner image;
an image forming unit configured to sequentially form groups of pattern images for a plurality of colors in a sub-scanning direction of the image bearer, each of the groups including pattern images of a same color, the pattern images of the same color formed at a predetermined interval, and each of the groups corresponds with a different color;
a toner image detecting unit configured to detect the pattern images formed on the image bearer; and
a detection processing unit configured to recognize whether an interval between adjacent pattern images of the same color corresponds to a set interval, and to exclude an image for which the interval does not correspond to the set interval among the detected pattern images.

US Pat. No. 10,599,081

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND VOLTAGE APPLICATION METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a latent image bearer to bear a latent image;
a potential sensor having a vibrator driven at a drive frequency to detect a surface potential of the latent image bearer;
a developer bearer to bear developer that develops the latent image on the latent image bearer; and
a power supply to apply a superimposed voltage obtained by superimposing an alternating voltage on a direct current voltage to the developer bearer,
wherein a frequency of the alternating current voltage is not a multiple of the drive frequency, but is a value obtained by adding a predetermined constant value to a multiple of the drive frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,599,080

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a casing;
a fixing member heating a toner image on a medium while rotating around an axis inside the casing;
a pressuring member forming a pressuring area between the fixing member and the pressuring member while rotating around an axis inside the casing to pressure a toner on the medium passing through the pressuring area;
a pressure adjusting part pressing one of the fixing member and the pressuring member to the other to pressurize the pressuring area, and releasing pressing of the one of the fixing member and the pressuring member to depressurize the pressuring area;
a correction biasing part, in a case where a supporting shaft part supporting the other of the fixing member and the pressuring member by the casing penetrates the casing, biasing both sides in an axial direction of the supporting shaft part extended to the outside of the casing in a same direction to a pressurizing direction of the pressure adjusting part; and
a second correction biasing part being provided outside the casing to correspond to the pressure adjusting part,
wherein the fixing member is supported by the casing via the supporting shaft part,
the pressure adjusting part moves a movable member supporting the pressuring member by rotating an eccentric cam fixedly attached to a cam shaft part and bringing the eccentric cam into contact with the movable member to vary pressuring force of the pressuring area,
the second correction biasing part biases both sides in the axial direction of the cam shaft part penetrating the casing and being extended to the outside of the casing in an opposite direction to the pressurizing direction.

US Pat. No. 10,599,079

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a heat roller that heats a sheet printed with a toner image;
a lamp that heats the heat roller;
a use amount acquisition section that acquires a use amount of the lamp;
a cycle controller that sets a cycle based on the use amount; and
a switching controller that repeats a performance which the lamp is turned on and turned off in the cycle sets by the cycle controller.

US Pat. No. 10,599,078

MEDIUM PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE MEDIUM PROCESSING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A medium processing apparatus comprising:a transport unit configured to transport a medium;
a heating unit configured to heat the medium;
a temperature sensor configured to detect a surface temperature of the medium in a heated area, the heated area being an area heated by the heating unit; and
a control unit configured to control the heating unit based on the surface temperature detected by the temperature sensor,
wherein the control unit is configured to start a warm-up operation controlling the heating unit to increase the surface temperature of the medium to a predefined temperature range, and to control transport of the medium during the warm-up operation so that a downstream end portion of the medium is within a predefined range where the medium is located in a detection area of the temperature sensor, and
wherein the control unit is configured to control transport downstream and transport upstream as transport of the medium during the warm-up operation such that the medium is transported in a downstream direction and an upstream direction, the direction of the transport upstream being opposite to the direction of the transport downstream.

US Pat. No. 10,599,077

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE HEATING APPARATUS THAT CONTROL HEATING AMOUNTS OF A REGION IN WHICH AN IMAGE IS FORMED AND A REGION IN WHICH AN IMAGE IS NOT FORMED

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image heating apparatus that heats an image formed on a recording material, the image heating apparatus comprising:a heater having a plurality of heat generating elements arranged in a direction orthogonal to a conveying direction of the recording material; and
a control portion configured to control electrical power to be supplied to the plurality of heat generating elements so that each of the plurality of heat generating elements is maintained at a target temperature, the control portion being capable of individually controlling each of the plurality of heat generating elements, wherein the control portion is configured (i) to respectively set, for a single sheet of the recording material, the target temperature with respect to a region in which an image is formed and the target temperature with respect to a region in which an image is not formed, as target temperatures, and (ii) to at least set the target temperature with respect to the region in which the image is not formed when the recording material has a first basis weight to be less than the target temperature with respect to the region in which the image is not formed when the recording material has a second basis weight that is less than the first basis weight, so that a difference between the target temperature with respect to the region in which the image is formed and the target temperature with respect to the region in which the image is not formed when the recording material has the first basis weight becomes greater than a difference between the target temperature with respect to the region in which the image is formed and the target temperature with respect to the region in which the image is not formed when the recording material has the second basis weight.

US Pat. No. 10,599,076

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND CONTROL PROGRAM FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a fixer including a halogen heater; and
a hardware processor that controls power supplied to the halogen heater,
wherein the hardware processor switches, according to a state of the fixer, a control state for controlling the power supplied to the halogen heater between a first control state in which a lower limit of an amount of power per cycle of the power supplied to the halogen heater is set to a first value and a second control state in which the lower limit of the amount of power per cycle of the power supplied to the halogen heater is set to a second value lower than the first value, and
wherein life of the halogen heater when an amount of power per cycle of the power supplied to the halogen heater is set to the second value is 80% or less of the life of the halogen heater when the amount of power per cycle of the power supplied to the halogen heater is set to the first value.

US Pat. No. 10,599,075

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a plurality of image forming units that each include a plurality of image forming sections and a first intermediate transfer body to which toner images formed by the plurality of image forming sections are transferred through first transfer;
a plurality of second transfer sections provided in correspondence with the plurality of image forming units to transfer the toner images on the first intermediate transfer bodies to a recording medium through second transfer; and
a detection device installed at a position at which the toner images formed by all the image forming sections are detectable.

US Pat. No. 10,599,074

DRIVE BELT SYSTEMS INCLUDING BELT STRETCH MANAGEMENT APPARATUS AND METHODS THEREOF

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A method of managing belt stretch in a drive belt system, the method comprising:driving a continuous belt around a drive pulley member and an idler pulley member by the drive pulley member;
transporting a transport unit coupled to the belt in a first direction away from the drive pulley member and in a second direction towards the drive pulley member; and
applying at least one force to the belt in a traverse direction thereto to direct a portion of the belt about at least one of the drive pulley member and the idler pulley member, including applying the at least one force by a first arm member extending from the transport unit to the belt at a first angle and a second arm member extending from the transport unit to the belt at a second angle.

US Pat. No. 10,599,073

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A TRANSPORT MEMBER AND A TRANSFER DEVICE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a transport roller configured to transport a continuous medium; and
a transfer belt that is disposed on a downstream side of the transport roller in a direction in which the transport roller transports the medium,
wherein the transfer belt is configured to transfer an image onto the medium, and
wherein the image forming apparatus is configured to, if transportation of the medium is started, start the transport roller transporting the medium after the transfer belt starts transporting the medium.

US Pat. No. 10,599,072

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING AUDITABLE SECURE SEEDS FROM REAL-WORLD DATA

SCA Promotions, Inc., Da...

9. A method, comprising:receiving, through an interface, a first digital signature of real-world data;
storing, using a memory, the first digital signature as first seed data;
receiving, through the interface, a second digital signature of real-world data;
storing, using the memory, the second digital signature as second seed data;
generating, using a processor, a first draw seed based, at least in part, on the first seed data and the second seed data and the first seed data and the second seed data are identical;
generating, using the processor, a first draw result based upon the first draw seed and a drawing algorithm;
receiving, through the interface, a second draw result from a remote entity, the second draw result based, at least in part, on the first digital signature and the second digital signature; and
determining, using the processor, whether the first draw result and the second draw result are in agreement.

US Pat. No. 10,599,071

TONER CARTRIDGE AND METHOD OF SEALING THE SAME

CLOVER IMAGING GROUP, LLC...

1. A method of modifying a toner hopper including a toner window and an end cap, the method comprising:providing a slot on the end cap;
applying a toner seal covering the toner window, the toner seal including a pull tab;
applying an end seal to the toner hopper, the end seal providing a gap; and
placing the pull tab within the gap and the slot,
wherein the end seal includes a first layer and a second layer, and
wherein the gap is provided between the first layer and the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,599,070

DEVELOPING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THEREWITH TO PREVENT DEGRADATION IN CHARGING PERFORMANCE

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A developing device comprising:a developer container including
a plurality of conveying chambers having a first conveying chamber and a second conveying chamber which are arranged parallel to each other,
a communication portion which makes the first and second conveying chambers communicate with each other at both ends of the first and second conveying chambers in a longitudinal direction,
a developer supply port through which two-component developer containing carrier and toner is supplied, and
a developer discharge portion which is provided at a downstream-side end part of the second conveying chamber and through which excessive developer is discharged;
a developer carrier which is rotatably supported on the developer container and which carries, on a surface thereof, developer in the second conveying chamber;
a first stirring/conveying member which is composed of a rotary shaft and a first conveying blade formed on an outer circumferential surface of the rotary shaft and which stirs and conveys developer in the first conveying chamber in a first direction;
a second stirring/conveying member which stirs and conveys developer in the second conveying chamber in a second direction opposite to the first direction, including
a rotary shaft,
a second conveying blade which is formed on an outer circumferential surface of the rotary shaft,
a regulating portion which is formed adjacent to the second conveying blade on a downstream side thereof in the second direction and which is composed of a conveying blade for conveying developer in a direction opposite to the second conveying blade, and
a discharging blade which is formed adjacent to the regulating portion on a downstream side thereof in the second direction and which conveys developer in a same direction as the second conveying blade and which discharges developer from the developer discharge portion;
a driving motor which drives the first stirring/conveying member and the second stirring/conveying member;
a first magnetic permeability sensor which is arranged in the first conveying chamber, in a region other than a part thereof facing the communication portion and which senses a toner concentration in developer in the developer container;
a second magnetic permeability sensor which is arranged in the second conveying chamber, in a region between the regulating portion and a downstream-side end part of the developer carrier in the second direction; and
a control portion which controls the amount of developer supplied from the developer supply port based on an output value of the first magnetic permeability sensor so that the toner concentration in the developer in the developer container equals a reference toner concentration, the control portion calculating a stable volume of developer in the developer container based on a difference between output values of the first magnetic permeability sensor and the second magnetic permeability sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,599,069

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS CAPABLE OF FACILITATING TONER REPLENISHMENT TO TONER SUPPLY UNIT

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main casing including a sheet supply tray;
a connecting tube having one end portion inside the main casing and another end portion outside the main casing; and
a toner container for accommodating toner, the toner container having a first end portion connected to the another end portion of the connecting tube and a second end portion having an inlet opening for replenishing toner, the first end portion having a communication opening for communicating with the connecting tube, the toner container being pivotally movable between a first position and a second position about the first end portion;
a conveying member provided in the toner container and including a rotation shaft and a blade for conveying toner, the blade being rotatable about the rotation shaft; and
a filter provided in the toner container for allowing air to pass therethrough and preventing toner from passing therethrough, the filter being positioned above the rotation shaft of the conveying member at both the first position and the second position of the toner container,
wherein a position of the inlet opening at the second position is higher than a position of the inlet opening at the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,599,068

DEVELOPING UNIT HAVING GUIDE THAT STABLY SUPPORTS TONER CARTRIDGE

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A toner cartridge comprising:an outer casing comprising:
a first chamber for accommodating toner;
a second chamber in fluid communication with the first chamber;
a supply hole for allowing the toner to pass therethrough;
a first agitator disposed in the first chamber, the first agitator being rotatable about a first axis to convey the toner from the first chamber to the second chamber;
a second agitator disposed in the second chamber, the second agitator being rotatable about a second axis to convey the toner out of the second chamber through the supply hole; and
an outer protrusion extending along a second axis; and
an inner casing disposed inside the second chamber and comprising:
a wall for closing the supply hole, the inner casing being rotatable about the second axis relative to the outer casing between an open position where a least a part of the supply hole is opened and not covered by the wall and a closed position where the supply hole is closed by the wall; and
an inner protrusion extending along the second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,599,067

PROCESS UNIT

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main body having a first side surface and a second side surface facing the first side surface;
a photosensitive drum positioned closer to the first side surface in the main body;
an exposure device positioned closer to the second side surface in the main body and configured to emit a laser beam to the photosensitive drum along a light path;
a developing agent reservoir configured to accommodate developing agent;
a developing roller configured to supply the developing agent to the photosensitive drum;
a developing agent collecting device positioned above the photosensitive drum and configured to collect waste developing agent residing on the photosensitive drum;
a transporting member configured to transport the waste developing agent collected by the developing agent collecting device; and
a waste developing agent accommodating unit configured to accommodate the waste developing agent transported by the transporting member, a portion of the waste developing agent accommodating unit being positioned below the light path.

US Pat. No. 10,599,066

DEVELOPER ACCOMMODATING UNIT, PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A developing accommodating unit comprising:a container body provided with a space for accommodating developer, the container body provided with a plurality of openings for discharging the developer from the space, the container body including (i) an inside surface facing the space and (ii) an outside surface positioned on the back of the inside surface;
a sealing member attached to the outside surface of the container body so as to cover the plurality of openings; and
an urging member for urging the container body toward an inside of the space,
wherein the container body is deformable toward the inside of the space, and the container body is deformable toward an outside of the space.

US Pat. No. 10,599,065

DEVELOPER SUPPLY CONTAINER WITH DISCHARGE OF DEVELOPER USING GAS

JIANGXI KILIDER TECHNOLOG...

1. A developer supply container, comprisinga rotating container for conveying a developer, and
an intermittent regulator for intermittently supplying a gas into the rotating container and regulating an internal pressure of the rotating container;
wherein, an end portion of one end of the rotating container is provided with a powder discharging bin;
a part of an inner space of the powder discharging bin forms a gas mixing space for accommodating the developer;
a bottom of the powder discharging bin is provided with a powder discharging port for discharging the developer;
the powder discharging port is located below the gas mixing space;the intermittent regulator is configured to intermittently supply a fixed amount of gas to the gas mixing space, and after the fixed amount of gas is mixed with the developer, the developer in the gas mixing space discharges from the powder discharging port with the fixed amount of gas, wherein,the rotating container comprises a connecting cylinder and a receiving drum;
one end of the connecting cylinder is rotatably connected to one end of the powder discharging bin; andan other end of the connecting cylinder is connected to the receiving drum by a threaded connection, wherein,the intermittent regulator comprises a cam piston having a cam surface;
the one end of the connecting cylinder is provided with a first stirring plate,
an end surface of one end of the first stirring plate is in contact with the cam surface of the cam piston; and
when the first stirring plate rotates, the first stirring plate drives the cam piston to perform a reciprocating translational motion along an inner wall of the powder discharging bin.

US Pat. No. 10,599,064

POWDER-AMOUNT DETECTION DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A powder-amount detection device comprising:a first electrode on one side of a powder container, the powder container being replaceably installable in an image forming apparatus;
a second electrode adjacent to the first electrode on the powder container, the second electrode having a smaller surface area than a surface area of the first electrode, an influence of an amount of powder in the powder container to a capacitance of the second electrode being as small as negligible;
a third electrode on a side opposite to the second electrode with the powder container interposed between the third electrode and each of the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a voltage detector configured to,
detect voltages of the first electrode and the second electrode by detecting charging and discharging behaviors of the first electrode and the second electrode when a voltage is applied between the third electrode and each of the first electrode and the second electrode for a short time, and
detect the amount of powder in the powder container based on the voltages of the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,599,063

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING FIRST AND SECOND PERIPHERAL VELOCITY RATIOS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising: an image bearing roller; a developer bearing roller configured to perform a development operation in which an electrostatic image formed on the image bearing roller is developed with a developer; a motor configured to rotationally drive the image bearing roller and the developer bearing roller respectively so that the peripheral velocities of each is variable individually; an exposure device configured to form an electrostatic image on the image bearing roller by forming a light-part potential from a dark-part potential on the image bearing roller; and a high-voltage power supply configured to apply a developing bias to the developer bearing roller,wherein when a peripheral velocity ratio is defined as a ratio of the peripheral velocity of the developer bearing roller to the peripheral velocity of the image bearing roller, the motor is configured to drive the image bearing roller and the developer bearing roller at a first peripheral velocity ratio and a second peripheral velocity ratio which is larger than the first peripheral velocity ratio, and when
Q/S denotes a charge amount per unit area of the developer borne on the developer bearing roller, and
?v denotes the peripheral velocity ratio,
the first peripheral velocity ratio is set so that |Q/S×?v| is smaller than a charge amount per unit area which can be accepted on the image bearing roller, and
the second peripheral velocity ratio is set so that |Q/S×?v| is larger than a charge amount per unit area which can be accepted on the image bearing roller.

US Pat. No. 10,599,062

CHARGING MEMBER

HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPME...

1. A charging member comprising:a conductive support;
a conductive elastic body layer laminated on the conductive support; and
a conductive resin layer laminated as an outermost layer on the conductive elastic body layer,
wherein the conductive resin layer contains a matrix material and resin particles, and
wherein the conductive resin layer has an arithmetic average roughness Ra of 2.0 to 7.0 ?m, a 10-point average roughness Rzjis of 15 to 40 ?m, and a skewness Rsk of 0.5 to 2.5.

US Pat. No. 10,599,061

ELECTROSTATIC-IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER, ELECTROSTATIC-IMAGE DEVELOPER, TONER CARTRIDGE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An electrostatic-image developing toner comprising:toner particles;
inorganic particles externally added to the toner particles; and
a low-molecular-weight siloxane having a molecular weight of 200 or more and 600 or less, the low-molecular-weight siloxane consisting of siloxane bonds and alkyl groups,
wherein the total content of the low-molecular-weight siloxane in the electrostatic-image developing toner is, by mass, 0.01 ppm or more and 5 ppm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,599,060

TONER

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A toner comprising a toner particle, the toner particle comprising:a binder resin;
a compound represented by formula (1)

where R1, R2, R3 and R6 independently represent an alkyl group or aryl group, and R4 and R5 each independently represent an aryl group, acyl group or alkyl group, or R4 is bonded to R5 to form a cyclic organic functional group that contains R4, R5 and the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 are bonded; and
a compound in which at least a compound represented by formula (2) and a compound represented by formula (3) are in solid solution

US Pat. No. 10,599,059

TONER, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND TONER STORAGE UNIT

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A toner, comprising:mother particles comprising a binder resin; and
an external additive covering the mother particles, comprising inorganic particles comprising:
small-size inorganic particles having an equivalent circle diameter of from 30 to 70 nm; and
large-size inorganic particles having an equivalent circle diameter of from 150 to 200 nm and a circularity of 0.85 or more, the large-size inorganic particles being 20 to 70 in number per 100 ?m2 image area of the toner observed with a field-emission scanning electron microscope,
wherein a liberation ratio of the external additive from the toner is less than 35%.

US Pat. No. 10,599,058

TONER, DEVELOPER, TONER STORAGE UNIT, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A toner comprising:a mother toner particle comprising a binder resin,
wherein, when the toner is observed with an atomic force microscope (AFM) in tapping mode to obtain a phase image and the phase image is binarized with an intermediate value between maximum and minimum phase difference values in the phase image to obtain a binarized image, the binarized image consists of first phase-contrast portions having a large phase difference and second phase-contrast portions having a small phase difference, where the first phase-contrast portions are dispersed in the second phase-contrast portions and a dispersion diameter of the first phase-contrast portions is in a range of from 150 to 500 nm, and
wherein the toner has at least two glass transition temperatures (Tg) in respective ranges of from 40° C. to 65° C. and from ?30° C. to 20° C., determined from a DSC curve obtained at a first temperature rise in a differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) measurement by a midpoint method.

US Pat. No. 10,599,057

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR CARTRIDGE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Chemical Corpo...

1. An electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising:a conductive support; and
at least a charge generation layer and a charge transport layer on the conductive support,
wherein the charge transport layer includes at least two layers of a first charge transport layer which is an outermost layer and a second charge transport layer which is in contact with the first charge transport layer,
wherein the first charge transport layer comprises a binder resin A and the second charge transport layer comprises a binder resin B, wherein an elastic deformation ratio of the binder resin A contained in the first charge transport layer is T1(%) and an elastic deformation ratio of the binder resin B contained in the second charge transport layer is T2(%) such that T1 and T2 satisfy a relationship of {0?(T1?T2)?4},
wherein the elastic deformation ratio T1(%) is obtained by measuring a thin film, which corresponds to the charge transport layer, using a micro hardness tester with 5 mN of maximum indentation load, in which the thin film is obtained by coating with a coating liquid on a glass substrate and dried so that the film thickness after drying is 20 ?m and the coating liquid is obtained by dissolving 100 parts by mass of a binder resin A, 40 parts by mass of a charge transport material represented by the following formula (1), and 0.05 part by mass of a silicone oil in tetrahydrofurantoluene (8/2 (mass ratio)),
the elastic deformation ratio T2(%) is obtained by measuring the same thin film except that the binder resin A is changed to the binder resin B, using a micro hardness tester with 5 mN of maximum indentation load,

the first charge transport layer contains a charge transport material ? having a molecular weight of 600 or more, and
wherein the binder resin A and the binder resin B have different monomer units from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,599,056

POSITION MEASURING METHOD, POSITION MEASURING APPARATUS, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A position measuring method comprising:executing alignment measurement in a light exposure process by irradiating a first mark with light having a wavelength of ?1, with respect to a processing object that includes a first layer and a second layer stacked above a substrate and a resist applied on the second layer, in which the first mark is provided in the first layer and includes a plurality of segments arranged at a pitch smaller than a resolution limit given by light having the wavelength of ?1; and
executing overlay measurement by irradiating the first mark and a second mark with light having a wavelength of ?2 shorter than the wavelength of ?1, the second mark having been formed by performing a light exposure and development process to the resist, and including a plurality of segments arranged at the pitch.

US Pat. No. 10,599,055

SELF ALIGNING SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR LITHOGRAPHY SYSTEMS

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A method of aligning a plate of a lithography system, comprising:placing a substrate on the plate in the lithography system;
providing a plurality of mark cells within an alignment mark cell grid, the plurality of mark cells being associated with one of the lithography system and the substrate, wherein each of the mark cells comprises a code to define a column and a row within the alignment mark cell grid;
providing at least two cameras for the lithography system such that a field of view of each of the at least two cameras sights at least one mark cell;
defining a search area at a center of the field of view for each of the at least two cameras, the search area having a smaller size than the field of view of each of the at least two cameras, wherein the sighting of the mark cell occurs within the defined search area of each camera;
finding a center of each mark cell within the search area of each camera;
reading the code of each mark cell; and
aligning one of the plate and the substrate of the lithography system based upon the field of view of the at least two cameras and the code of each mark cell.

US Pat. No. 10,599,053

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR LOADING A SUBSTRATE

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A table for a physical processing apparatus, the table comprising:a base surface;
a plurality of burls protruding above the base surface, each of the plurality of burls having a respective burl distal end, the burl distal ends being arranged so as to support an object and defining a generally planar geometrical support surface;
at least one gas extraction opening configured to extract gas from a gap between the base surface and the object when the object is being lowered onto the table,
wherein the table is configured so that extraction of the gas from the gap is at a first loading flow rate when a distance between the object and the support surface is greater than a threshold distance and extraction of the gas from the gap is at a second loading flow rate when the distance between the object and the support surface is less than the threshold distance, wherein the second loading flow rate is lower than the first loading flow rate.

US Pat. No. 10,599,052

VACUUM SYSTEM, IN PARTICULAR EUV LITHOGRAPHY SYSTEM, AND OPTICAL ELEMENT

CARL ZEISS SMT GMBH, Obe...

1. A vacuum system, comprising:a vacuum housing of a lithography system for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation, in which a vacuum environment is formed, wherein a surface of the vacuum housing is subjected to contaminating particles in the vacuum environment,
wherein a surface structure at the surface reduces adhesion of the contaminating particles, and wherein the surface structure has blind pore-shaped depressions separated from one another by webs, wherein the blind pore-shaped depressions comprise a depth of an order of magnitude of micrometres or less.

US Pat. No. 10,599,051

PROJECTION EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR REDUCING DEFORMATIONS, RESULTING FROM DYNAMIC ACCELERATIONS, OF COMPONENTS OF THE PROJECTION EXPOSURE APPARATUS

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a component; and
a support device, comprising:
a support actuator configured to act on a support location of the component to reduce deformations of the component;
a control unit configured to trigger the support actuator when a dynamic acceleration acts on the component; and
a position actuator configured to position the component,
wherein:
the support device is configured so that the support actuator acts on the support location of the component only when the position actuator is triggered; and
the apparatus is a semiconductor lithography projection exposure apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,599,050

EXPOSURE APPARATUS, EXPOSING METHOD, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING DEVICE, PROGRAM, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus comprising:an optical system including an optical member;
a liquid immersion member that is configured to form an immersion liquid space and that includes a first member disposed so as to surround at least a portion of the optical member and a second member disposed so that a gap is formed between the first member and the second member;
a driving apparatus configured to relatively move the second member with respect to the first member;
an apparatus frame by which the first member is supported; and
a vibration isolator disposed between the first member and the apparatus frame,
wherein the second member is moved in a direction substantially perpendicular to an optical axis of the optical member such that a relative speed between the second member and a substrate, between which a portion of the liquid immersion space is formed, is decreased compared to a relative speed between the first member and the substrate,
wherein the liquid immersion space covers a portion of an upper surface of the substrate, and
wherein the substrate is exposed with exposure light via liquid in the liquid immersion space.

US Pat. No. 10,599,049

SUBSTRATE HOLDER, A LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DEVICES

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A substrate holder for use in a lithographic apparatus and configured to support a substrate, the substrate holder comprising:a main body having a main body surface;
a plurality of burls projecting from the main body surface; wherein
each burl has a distal end configured to engage with the substrate;
the distal ends of the burls substantially conform to a support plane whereby a substrate can be supported in a substantially flat state on the burls;
a flow control structure configured to form a gas cushion adjacent the periphery of the substrate holder when a substrate is being lowered onto the substrate holder, wherein the flow control structure comprises a raised area at a height closer to the main body surface than the support plane and disposed adjacent a periphery of the substrate holder and wherein the raised area has a distal surface that is one of inclined relative to the support plane, or has a concave surface; and
a seal structure that is provided radially outward of the flow control structure, wherein the seal structure is configured to reduce gas flow into a space below the substrate to thereby reduce an amount of energy required to maintain an under-pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,599,048

METROLOGY APPARATUS, METHOD OF MEASURING A STRUCTURE, DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A metrology apparatus for measuring a structure formed on a substrate, comprising:an optical system configured to focus radiation onto the structure and direct radiation after reflection from the structure onto a detection system; and
a beam processing device configured to selectively extract a plurality of different components of the radiation beam after reflection from the structure, and to direct each of the extracted components to the detection system such that each component can be detected independently of each other component, wherein:
the selective extraction comprises, for each component:
selecting radiation from one of a plurality of predetermined regions in a downstream pupil plane of the optical system downstream from the structure, the selected predetermined region being different for each of at least a subset of the components; and
selecting radiation from one of two predetermined orthogonal polarization states, the predetermined orthogonal polarization states being oriented as a pair defined by a sub-region of the beam processing device corresponding to the one of the plurality of predetermined regions, and being oriented differently from other predetermined orthogonal polarization states defined by other sub-regions of the beam processing device corresponding to different predetermined regions at different azimuthal positions in the downstream pupil plane.

US Pat. No. 10,599,047

METROLOGY APPARATUS, LITHOGRAPHIC SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF MEASURING A STRUCTURE

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A metrology apparatus for measuring a structure formed on a substrate to determine a parameter of interest, the metrology apparatus comprising:a first detector;
a second detector; and
an optical system configured to focus radiation onto the structure and to direct a first portion of radiation after reflection from the structure onto the first detector, and direct a second portion of radiation after reflection from the structure onto the second detector, wherein:
the optical system is configured such that the first detector detects a radiation intensity resulting from interference between radiation from at least two different points in a pupil plane field distribution,
the interference is such that a component of the detected radiation intensity containing information about the parameter of interest is enhanced relative to one or more other components of the detected radiation intensity, and
the second detector detects a parameter different from the radiation intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,599,046

METHOD, A NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM, AND/OR AN APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING WHETHER TO ORDER A MASK STRUCTURE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for determining whether to order a mask structure using a processor, the method comprising:acquiring a simulation result of an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) pattern layout,
the simulation result including a simulated depth of focus (DOF), a simulated energy latitude (EL), a simulated line-edge roughness (LER) area parameter that is less than or equal to a first threshold, and a simulated LER width parameter that is less than or equal to a second threshold,
the simulated LER area parameter indicating a roughness of one or more area features in the simulation result of the EUV pattern layout,
the simulated LER width parameter indicating a roughness of one or more line features in the simulation result of the EUV pattern layout;
determining a correlation parameter (CP) using the processor based on the simulated DOF, the simulated EL, the simulated LER area parameter, the simulated LER width parameter, and a weighting value for the simulation result,
the CP indicating a correlation between the simulation result of the EUV pattern layout and an actual wafer result of the EUV pattern layout;
generating a predicted wafer process window using the processor based on the CP, the predicted wafer process window indicating whether the actual wafer result of the EUV pattern layout will include a patterning defect; and
determining the mask structure is suitable for ordering based on the CP and the predicted wafer process window.

US Pat. No. 10,599,045

EXPOSURE METHOD, EXPOSURE SYSTEM, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. An exposure method comprising:inputting focus sensitivity information in which focus sensitivity expressing a relation between an aberration correction value set in an exposure device and a best focus when a pattern is formed on a first substrate by exposure of the exposure device using the aberration correction value, and the pattern are correlated;
measuring a surface height difference of a second substrate;
calculating the aberration correction value in which best focuses for a pattern group to be formed on the second substrate by exposure satisfy a first condition on the basis of the focus sensitivity information and the surface height difference; and
exposing the second substrate by the exposure device using the aberration correction value satisfying the first condition.

US Pat. No. 10,599,044

DIGITAL LITHOGRAPHY WITH EXTENDED FIELD SIZE

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. An image projection system, comprising:a light source;
a fiber bundle coupled to the light source;
a first homogenizer coupled to the fiber bundle;
a second homogenizer coupled to the fiber bundle, the second homogenizer being offset from the first homogenizer;
a first digital micromirror device optically aligned with the first homogenizer;
a second digital micromirror device disposed adjacent to the first digital micromirror device within a plane, the second digital micromirror device being optically aligned with the second homogenizer, wherein the first digital micromirror device is offset from the second digital micromirror device along a scan direction within the plane; and
a projection lens, wherein the first digital micromirror device and the second digital micromirror device are disposed between the projection lens and the fiber bundle, and wherein the first digital micromirror device and the second digital micromirror device are offset within an optical field of view of the projection lens.

US Pat. No. 10,599,043

CRITICAL METHODOLOGY IN VACUUM CHAMBERS TO DETERMINE GAP AND LEVELING BETWEEN WAFER AND HARDWARE COMPONENTS

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A method, comprising:placing a test substrate onto a substrate support inside of a processing chamber, wherein a component is located above the test substrate;
lowering the component to a first position so that the component and the test substrate are in contact;
lifting the component from the test substrate;
reviewing a first particle distribution on the test substrate; and
adjusting the component.

US Pat. No. 10,599,042

REFLECTIVE IMAGE-FORMING OPTICAL SYSTEM, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An illumination optical system which is used with a reflective imaging optical system configured to form an image of a pattern arranged on a first plane onto a second plane, and which illuminates an illumination area on the first plane with a light from a light source, the illumination optical system comprising:one or more reflecting mirrors configured to reflect the light from the light source along a light path that extends from the light source to the illumination area, a portion of the light path from a most illumination area side mirror to the illumination area being positioned between first and second mirrors of a plurality of mirrors provided in the reflective imaging optical system, the most illumination area side mirror being positioned in the light path at a most illumination area side among the one or more reflecting mirrors, the first mirror being configured to reflect the light from the pattern first, and the second mirror being configured to reflect the light from the pattern second.

US Pat. No. 10,599,041

FACET MIRROR

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A pupil facet mirror, comprising:a multiplicity of pupil facets respectively configured to damp spatial frequencies above 1 mm?1,
wherein:
the pupil facets comprise at least one member selected from the group consisting of a targeted defocusing in a cross-scan direction only and a scattering function configured to damp spatial frequencies;
pupil facets comprise one dimensional cylinders configured to provide the scattering function;
the one dimensional cylinders are aligned parallel to each other;
the cylinders have a property selected from the group consisting of a uniform radius of curvature and different widths, different radii of curvature and a uniform width b, and different radii of curvature and different widths; and
the pupil facet mirror is a microlithography pupil facet mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,599,040

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

ASML Netherland B.V., Ve...

1. A method of determining compatibility of a patterning device with a lithographic apparatus, wherein the lithographic apparatus comprises:a collector to collect radiation emitted by a plasma to provide a radiation beam,
an illumination system configured to receive and condition the radiation beam to form a conditioned radiation beam, and
a projection system configured to image a patterned radiation beam to an image plane, wherein the patterned radiation beam is formed by the patterning device configured to impart the conditioned radiation beam with a pattern in its cross-section to form the patterned radiation beam,
the method comprising:
determining an intensity distribution of the radiation beam;
using the determined intensity distribution to calculate a non-uniformity or change of non-uniformity of intensity caused by contamination and/or degradation of the collector;
determining the effect of the non-uniformity or the change of non-uniformity on a characteristic of the image of the patterned radiation beam;
determining the compatibility of the patterning device with the lithographic apparatus based on the effect of the non-uniformity or change of non-uniformity on the characteristic; and
based on the determining the compatibility, outputting information indicating that a patterning device being used, or going to be used, with the collector should not be used with the collector or indicating that a patterning device not being used with the collector should be used with the collector.

US Pat. No. 10,599,039

STRIP PROCESS FOR HIGH ASPECT RATIO STRUCTURE

MATTSON TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. A process for removing at least a portion of a doped amorphous carbon film from a substrate having a high aspect ratio structure, the process comprising:depositing a polymer layer on a top end of the high aspect ratio structure on the substrate; and
removing at least a portion of the polymer layer and the doped amorphous carbon film from the substrate using a plasma strip process;
wherein depositing the polymer layer comprises plugging the top end of the high aspect ratio structure with the polymer layer such that the polymer layer extends partially into the high aspect structure so that exposure of an underneath layer associated with the high aspect ratio structure is reduced during the plasma strip process;
wherein the high aspect ratio structure comprises a trench formed from alternating layers of oxide and nitride, wherein the polymer layer extends only partially into the trench of the high aspect ratio structure.

US Pat. No. 10,599,037

SYSTEMS AND METHODS PROVIDING ANTI-COUNTERFEITING WITH MULTI-MODE LUMINESCENT NANOTAGGANTS

City University of Hong K...

1. An anti-counterfeit lanthanide-doped nanotaggant comprising:at least two types of lanthanide-doped up-conversion nanoparticles; and
at least one type of lanthanide-doped down-conversion nanoparticles, wherein the anti-counterfeit lanthanide-doped nanotaggant is configured to provide a spectral signature comprising luminescence in multiple distinct bands when under excitation at different wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,599,034

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MEMS DEVICES AND NANO DEVICES WITH VARYING DEGREES OF HYDROPHOBICITY AND HYDROPHILICITY IN A COMPOSITE PHOTOIMAGEABLE DRY FILM

Funai Electric Co., Ltd.,...

1. A three-dimensional (“3D”) structure comprising a composite photoresist material that includes: (a) a first photoresist layer devoid of a hydrophobicity agent and (b) at least a second photoresist layer comprising the hydrophobicity agent selected from the group consisting of octadecyldimethylchlorosilane, octadecyltricholorsilane, methyltrimethoxysilane, octyltriethoxysilane, phenyltrimethoxysilane, t-butylmethoxysilane, tetraethoxysilane, sodium methyl siliconate, vinytrimethoxysilane, N-(3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl)ethylenediamine, polymethylmethoxysiloxane, polydimethylsiloxane, polyethylhydrogensiloxane, and dimethyl siloxane, wherein the composite photoresist material is devoid of an adhesion promotion layer between layers of the composite photoresist material, wherein each photoresist layer of the composite photoresist material is selected from the group consisting of a polyglycidyl ether of a phenolformaldehyde novolac resin, a diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A, 3,4-epoxycyclohexylmethyl-3,4-epoxycyclo-hexene carboxylate, 3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexylmethyl-3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexene carboxylate, bis(3,4-epoxy-6-methylcyclohexylmethyl) adipate, and bis(2,3-epoxycyclopentyl) ether, and wherein each photoresist layer of the composite photoresist material is imagable with a different radiation exposure wavelength selected from the group consisting of e-line, g-line, h-line, i-line, mid ultraviolet (UV), and deep UV radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,599,033

SALT, ACID GENERATOR, RESIN, RESIST COMPOSITION AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING RESIST PATTERN

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A salt represented by formula (I):
wherein Q1 and Q2 independently represent a fluorine atom or a C1 to C6 perfluoroalkyl group,
R1 and R2 in each occurrence independently represent a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom or a C1 to C6 perfluoroalkyl group,
z represents an integer of 0 to 6,
X1 represents *—CO—O—, *—O—CO— or —O—, *represents a binding position to C(R1)(R2) or C(Q1)(Q2),
A1 represents a C4 to C24 hydrocarbon group having a C4 to C18 divalent alicyclic hydrocarbon moiety,
A2 represents a C2 to C6 alkanediyl group,
R3 represents a C1 to C6 monovalent saturated hydrocarbon group,
R4 independently represents a hydrogen atom or a C1 to C6 monovalent saturated hydrocarbon group,
R5 represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a C1 to C6 alkyl group where a hydrogen atom may be replaced by a fluorine atom, and
Z+ represents an organic cation.

US Pat. No. 10,599,032

SECONDARY ELECTRON GENERATING COMPOSITION

The University of Manches...

1. A method of fabricating an integrated circuit die or an integrated circuit wafer comprising a plurality of integrated circuit dice, the or each die comprising a plurality of electronic components, wherein the method comprises:i) providing a secondary electron generating (SEG)-coated substrate comprising a base substrate and an SEG coating; and
ii) exposing part(s) of the SEG coating to radiation to provide an exposed SEG coating;
AND
iii) developing the exposed SEG coating to generate an SEG pattern layer, the SEG pattern layer comprising: developer-insoluble coating portions of the SEG coating; and an array of grooves extending through the SEG pattern layer;
iv) modifying the substrate, substrate surface, or part(s) thereof, underlying the SEG pattern layer; and
v) removing the SEG pattern layer to provide a modified substrate;wherein the SEG coating comprises a dried and/or cured SEG composition comprising:a secondary electron generator comprising a compound having an effective atomic number (Zeff) greater than or equal to 30; and
a base component, that is transformed to change its solubility properties upon exposure to radiation;
wherein the effective atomic number (Zeff) is calculated as: Zeff=??iZi
where Zi is the atomic number of the ith element in the compound, and ?i is the fraction of the sum total of the atomic numbers of all atoms in the compound constituted by said ith element,
wherein the secondary electron generator comprises a metal species which is a d-block, p-block, or f-block metal species.

US Pat. No. 10,599,030

IMAGING PLATE SCANNER

DUERR DENTAL AG, Bietigh...

1. An apparatus for reading an exposed imaging plate, comprising:a light source, by means of which readout light is producible,
a deflection unit, by means of which the readout light can be directed sequentially at an imaging plate with a readout spot for the purposes of reading the imaging plate, as a result of which a traveling readout spot is producible there,
a detector unit for fluorescence light that is emitted by the imaging plate during the readout by the readout light,
a control device that is configured to control the light source, the deflection unit, and the detector unit,whereinthe control device is configured to effectuate an advanced readout of the imaging plate for the purposes of ascertaining readout parameters, wherein the advanced readout comprises reading out a number of advance readout points, the advance readout points being distributed throughout the imaging plate, and
subsequently effectuate a readout of a remaining portion of the imaging plate using the ascertained readout parameters, wherein the remaining portion of the imaging plate is an area of the imaging plate different than the advance readout points.

US Pat. No. 10,599,029

PROJECTION SCREEN

Nano Precision Taiwan Lim...

1. A projection screen, configured to receive projection light beams provided by a projector and ambient light from outside, the projection screen comprising:a substrate, comprising a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the first surface is adjacent to the projector, and the second surface is away from the projector;
a plurality of prism structures, disposed on the first surface of the substrate, wherein each of the plurality of prism structures includes a first inclined surface and a second inclined surface that are inclined toward each other, and a bottom surface that is connected between the first inclined surface and the second inclined surface, the first inclined surface is configured to receive and reflect the projection light beams, the bottom surface is joined to the first surface of the substrate, and there is a first angle between the first inclined surface and the bottom surface, and a second angle between the second inclined surface and the bottom surface, and the first angle is less than or equal to the second angle; and
a plurality of light absorbing structures, respectively disposed on at least a portion of the second inclined surface of each of the plurality of prism structures, wherein the plurality of light absorbing structures are configured to absorb the ambient light,
wherein each of the plurality of light absorbing structures extends from the second inclined surface of one of the plurality of prism structures to the first inclined surface of adjacent one of the plurality of the plurality of prism structures.

US Pat. No. 10,599,028

SPHERE ASSEMBLY

1. A sphere assembly comprising:a set of curved and triangularly-shaped transparent panels (2) placed next to one another to form a spherical shape of a sphere (1);
a set of projection films (3) placed on said set of curved transparent panels (2); and
a set of connectors (4) located at the edges (6) of the panels (2) for connecting the transparent panels (2) to one another, wherein
the connector (4) comprises two separable portions: an external portion (10) placed on an external side of the sphere (1) and an internal portion (11) placed on an internal side of the sphere (1) and wherein the external portion (10) comprises a set of holes that align with a set of holes of the internal portion (11) and wherein the holes of said portions (10, 11) also align with a set of holes of a set of connecting curved transparent panels (2) for a complete penetration or fastening of the fasteners with all three layers (2, 10, and 11).

US Pat. No. 10,599,027

PROJECTOR WITH MULTIPLE SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATORS PRISMS AND LIGHT SOURCES

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A projector comprising:projection optics;
a first prism having a dichroic layer;
a second prism having first and second surfaces;
a first spatial light modulator on the first surface, the first spatial light modulator facing in a first direction;
a first light source optically coupled to the second surface, the first light source configured to provide a first light having a first color along a first illumination path in a plane through the second surface to the first spatial light modulator, the first spatial light modulator configured to modulate the first light, the second surface configured to reflect the modulated first light from the first spatial light modulator, and the dichroic layer configured to reflect the modulated first light from the second surface to the projection optics along a projection light path in the plane;
a third prism having third and fourth surfaces;
a second spatial light modulator on the third surface, the second spatial light modulator facing in a second direction opposite the first direction; and
a second light source optically coupled to the fourth surface, the second light source configured to provide a second light having a second color along a second illumination path in the plane through the fourth surface to the second spatial light modulator, the second spatial light modulator configured to modulate the second light, the fourth surface configured to reflect the modulated second light from the second spatial light modulator, and the dichroic layer configured to pass the modulated second light from the fourth surface to the projection optics.

US Pat. No. 10,599,026

WAVELENGTH CONVERSION MODULE, FORMING METHOD OF WAVELENGTH CONVERSION MODULE, AND PROJECTION DEVICE

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. A wavelength conversion module comprising a substrate and a wavelength conversion layer, wherein:the substrate comprises an axis, and the axis is located at a center of the substrate; and
the wavelength conversion layer is located on the substrate, and the wavelength conversion comprises:
two first wavelength conversion layers, wherein each of the first wavelength conversion layers comprises a wavelength conversion material and a first bonding material, and the wavelength conversion material is dispersed in the first bonding material; and
a second wavelength conversion layer, wherein the second wavelength conversion layer is located between the two first wavelength conversion layers in a radial direction from the axis of the substrate to an edge of the substrate, the second wavelength conversion layer comprises the wavelength conversion material and a second bonding material, the wavelength conversion material is dispersed in the second bonding material, and the first bonding material of the two first wavelength conversion layers is different from the second bonding material of the second wavelength conversion layer.

US Pat. No. 10,599,025

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE AND PROJECTOR

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A light source device comprising:a blue laser emitting element configured to emit a blue laser beam;
a red laser emitting element configured to emit a red laser beam;
a phosphor excited by the blue laser beam to emit fluorescence including a green component and a red component;
a diffusely reflecting element;
a polarization splitting/combining element configured to transmit or reflect a first polarization component of the blue laser beam and the red laser beam to guide the first polarization component of the blue laser beam and the red laser beam to the diffusely reflecting element, and reflect or transmit a second polarization component of the blue laser beam to guide the second polarization component of the blue laser beam to the phosphor;
a first wave plate disposed between the polarization splitting/combining element and the diffusely reflecting element;
a light combining element; and
a second wave plate disposed between the polarization splitting/combining element and the light combining element, wherein
the polarization splitting/combining element
transmits or reflects a red first polarization component having a same polarization direction as the first polarization component out of the red component and the green component, and reflects or transmits a red second polarization component having a same polarization direction as the second polarization component out of the red component to thereby perform a split, and
guides first composite light to the second wave plate, the first composite light being formed by combining the green component, the red first polarization component, the first polarization component and the red laser beam which are diffusely reflected by the diffusely reflecting element, and then transmitted through the first wave plate to thereby be converted into a different polarization direction with each other, and
the light combining element combines a part of second composite light and the red second polarization component split by the polarization splitting/combining element with each other to generate illumination light, the second composite light being obtained by transmitting the first composite light through the second wave plate to thereby convert a polarization state of the first composite light into a different polarization state.

US Pat. No. 10,599,024

LIGHT SOURCE APPARATUS INCLUDING MULTIPLE LIGHT SOURCES AND OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC CONVERSION ELEMENT, AND IMAGE PROJECTION APPARATUS USING LIGHT SOURCE APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A light source apparatus comprising:a plurality of light sources each having a light emitting area;
an optical characteristic conversion element including a wavelength conversion element or an angular conversion element and configured to convert incident lights from the light sources into emitting lights each having a wavelength or a diffusion angle different from that of the incident light;
a plurality of collimator lenses each provided for each light source and each configured to collimate a divergent light emitted from each light source; and
a first optical system configured to irradiate the incident lights on the optical characteristic conversion element,
wherein the first optical system is configured to convert a shape of the collimated light from each collimator lens into a shape non-similar to that of the light emitting area and to irradiate the shape-converted collimated lights as the incident lights to a plurality of irradiated areas on the optical characteristic conversion element, each irradiated area corresponding to each light source,
wherein the first optical system includes:
a fly-eye lens which the collimated light from each collimator lens enters and which divides the collimated light into a plurality of light beams, and
a plurality of condenser lenses which superimpose the plurality of light beams on one another and which irradiate the superimposed light beams as incident lights on the plurality of irradiated areas on the optical characteristic conversion element, and
wherein each condenser lens of the plurality of condenser lenses corresponds to each light source of the plurality of light sources, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,599,023

PROJECTION EQUIPMENT

Qingdao Hisense Laser Dis...

1. A projection equipment, comprising: a housing arranged with a first opening, a DMD circuit board with a DMD chip located on a side of the DMD circuit board facing the housing, wherein the DMD chip includes an operational region and a non-operational region, the non-operational region being located in a periphery of the operational region, and the operational region being configured to modulate a first portion of a beam that passes through the first opening when the first portion of the beam irradiates onto the operational region: and a first heat dissipation member arranged between the DMD chip and the housing, wherein the first heat dissipation member is spaced from the DMD chip, wherein the first heat dissipation member is arranged with a second opening configured to provide a passage for the first portion of the beam that passes through the first opening and irradiates onto the operational region and to block a second portion of the beam that passes through the first opening, wherein the housing includes a first strut, wherein the first heat dissipation member includes a first through-hole, wherein the DMD chip includes a base pad region located in a periphery of the non-operational region, and wherein the first strut passes through the first through-hole and abuts the base pad region of the DMD chip to form a space between the first heat dissipation member and the DMD chip.

US Pat. No. 10,599,022

DIFFUSER PLATE, DISPLAY DEVICE, PROJECTION DEVICE, AND LIGHTING DEVICE

DEXERIALS CORPORATION, T...

1. A microlens array diffuser plate comprising a single lens group positioned on a surface of a transparent substrate,wherein curvature radii of respective single lenses composing the single lens group are varied as a whole, and peak positions of the respective single lenses are located irregularly, and
a lens surface shape of each of the single lenses in the single lens group is hyperboloid and satisfies the following Equation 1 and Equation 2,

where, in the above Equation 1 and Equation 2,
z represents a height difference with a reference plane that is a plane which passes through a peak of the single lens in a height direction and is orthogonal to a lens optical axis of the single lens,
c represents an inverse of a curvature radius of the single lens,
x represents a separation distance from the lens optical axis of the single lens, and
k represents a conic coefficient.

US Pat. No. 10,599,021

OPTICAL REDIRECTION ADAPTER

Hand Held Products, Inc.,...

1. A barcode reading adapter, comprising:a barcode reader adapter housing having an opening to receive an electronic device;
a first optical opening that is defined by the barcode reader adapter housing, wherein the first optical opening is aligned with a field of view of a camera of the electronic device such that light is reflected into the field of view of the camera through the first optical opening via a first redirection angle; and
a second optical opening in the barcode reader adapter housing, wherein the second optical opening is aligned with an illumination element of the electronic device such that light is reflected from the illumination element at a second redirection angle out of the second optical opening; and
wherein the first redirection angle and the second redirection angle are each between about 45 degrees and about 115 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,599,019

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING HEAT DISSIPATION STRUCTURE OF CAMERA

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a support comprising a first opening;
a camera module including at least one camera, wherein at least a portion of the camera module is disposed in the first opening with a gap between the at least portion of the camera module and the support;
at least one heat generating component distinct from the camera module;
a flexible thermal conductor disposed under the camera module, wherein at least a portion of the flexible thermal conductor is physically contacted to the support;
wherein the camera module further includes a connecting portion, wherein the connecting portion is physically connected to the support in at least a region of a periphery of the camera module;
wherein the camera module further comprises:
a camera unit comprising the camera;
a base disposed between the camera unit and the flexible thermal conductor;
a camera support body surrounding a periphery of the camera unit,
wherein the connecting portion further comprises at least a portion of the camera support body; and
wherein the flexible thermal conductor extends to a lower portion of the connecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,599,018

IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS AND ACCESSORIES

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A mount apparatus comprising:a second mount configured to allow coupling to a first mount included in an accessory, the accessory being mountable on and dismountable from the mount apparatus by rotating a plurality of claw portions of the first mount relative to a plurality of claw portions of the second mount in a mount direction substantially orthogonal to a center-axis direction of the second mount, wherein
the mount apparatus includes
a plurality of terminals disposed in a circumferential direction of the second mount and configured to be used in electrical connection, and
a terminal holder configured to hold the plurality of terminals,
each of the plurality of terminals is electrically connectable to a corresponding one of a plurality of terminals disposed in a circumferential direction of the first mount in the accessory,
the terminal holder has a height level difference in the center-axis direction of the second mount,
the plurality of terminals of the mount apparatus include a first terminal configured to be used to detect mounting of the accessory on the image capturing apparatus, and a second terminal configured to supply communication power to the accessory from the mount apparatus,
the terminal holder has at least a first stage and a second stage at a different position in the center-axis direction of the second mount from the first stage,
the first terminal is disposed on the first stage and disposed further in the mount direction of the accessory than the other terminals among the plurality of terminals of the mount apparatus that are on the first stage of the terminal holder, and
the second terminal is disposed on the second stage of the terminal holder.

US Pat. No. 10,599,017

INTERCHANGEABLE LENS, CAMERA BODY, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A camera body to which an interchangeable lens can be detachably attached, the camera body comprising:a first contact that sends camera data to the interchangeable lens using a first clock signal;
a second contact that receives first lens data from the interchangeable lens using the first clock signal;
a third contact that receives second lens data different from the first lens data from the interchangeable lens using a second clock signal different from the first clock signal; and
a fourth contact that supplies to the interchangeable lens an operation voltage that is different from a drive voltage used for driving a lens, wherein
the first and second contacts are arranged between the fourth contact and the third contact.

US Pat. No. 10,599,016

CAMERA FILTER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM

1. A camera filter set, comprising:a plurality of camera filters;
each of said plurality of camera filters comprising a light transmissive element and a frame;
a plurality of base colors;
a plurality of second colors corresponding to each of said plurality of base colors comprising shades or tints of each of said plurality of base colors;
a plurality of classes within said plurality of camera filters, said classes corresponding to light modifying specifications of the light transmissive element;
said frames of each of said plurality of camera filters comprising an inside and an outside;
at least one of said plurality of base colors being assigned to each class of said plurality of classes; one of said plurality of second colors, based on the light modifying specifications of the light transmissive element, being assigned to each of said plurality of filters within a class of said plurality of classes, wherein each of said plurality of filters within the class of said plurality of classes is assigned a different said shade or tint, and wherein a darker said shade or tint is assigned to a filter within the class with a greater ability to saturate or darken an image;
the outside of said frames comprising the assigned second color, whereby said plurality of camera filters may be visually distinguished;
the inside of said frames comprising a black surface.

US Pat. No. 10,599,015

IMAGE-CAPTURING APPARATUS, ACCESSORY APPARATUS AND COMMUNICATION CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An accessory apparatus detachably attachable to an image-capturing apparatus, the accessory apparatus comprising at least one processor or circuit programmed to function as:an accessory communicator configured to enable communication with the image-capturing apparatus;
an accessory controller configured to perform the communication with the image-capturing apparatus through the accessory communicator;
an accessory shake detector configured to detect an accessory shake as a shake of the accessory apparatus; and
an accessory image stabilizer configured to perform, depending on the accessory shake, an accessory image-stabilizing operation for reducing image blur, and to produce image stabilization information used by the image-capturing apparatus for a camera image-stabilizing operation for reducing the image blur,
wherein the accessory controller is configured, in response to detecting an error in the communication before transmitting the image stabilization information to the image-capturing apparatus, to transmit an error notice that notifies the image-capturing apparatus of the error, and to perform a communication restoration process for restoring the communication, without waiting for a response to the error notice from the image-capturing apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,599,014

CAMERA MODULE

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A camera module, the camera module comprising:a lens barrel comprising a body part, and an extension part extending outwardly from the body part;
a body comprising a through hole into which the body part is inserted, and a placing part facing the extension part; and
an adhesive disposed between the extension part and the placing part,
wherein the placing part comprises a base surface and a concave-convex part disposed on the base surface,
wherein a lower portion of the concave-convex part is disposed below the base surface, and
wherein at least a portion of the extension part facing the concave-convex part is formed with a flat surface.

US Pat. No. 10,599,013

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRANSMITTING UNDERWATER SIGNALS

CHENGDU SIOEYE TECHNOLOGY...

1. A floating system, comprising:a first housing having a first opening;
an antenna at least partially passing through the first opening;
a second housing having a second opening configured to attach to the first housing;
an interface at least partially passing through the second opening;
a housing seal positioned between the first housing and the second housing, wherein the first housing, the second housing and the seal collectively define a chamber, wherein an installation plane is formed by the first housing and the second housing, and wherein the installation plane is positioned above a water surface, and;
a transmitter positioned in the chamber and coupled to the antenna;
a signal converter positioned in the chamber and coupled to the transmitter and the interface;
a wire coupled to the interface;
a first set of floating-aids positioned circumferentially around the first housing, each of the first set floating-aids connecting to the first housing at a first location of the first housing, the first location being above the installation plane; and
a second set of floating-aids positioned circumferentially around the second housing, each of the second set of floating-aids connecting to the second housing at a second location of the second housing, the second location being under the installation plane, the second location being positioned above the water surface;
wherein the wire receives an image signal from an underwater device, and the image signal is transmitted to the signal converter via the interface, and the image signal is converted by the signal converter to form a converted image signal, and the converted image signal is transmitted to the antenna via the transmitter;
wherein a plurality of structural ribs are formed on an inner surface of the first housing; and
wherein the plurality of structural ribs are circumferentially positioned on the inner surface of the first housing.

US Pat. No. 10,599,012

LIGHT STRUCTURE FOR AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SHANGHAI XIAOYI TECHNOLOG...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a button for controlling the electronic device;
a light source for generating light;
a first portion permitting user access to the button;
a second portion surrounding the first portion, wherein the second portion permits the light from the light source to pass through, the light passing through the second portion varying in at least a degree of brightness according to a condition of the electronic device; and
a base member attached to at least one of the first portion and the second portion, wherein a bottom surface of the base member includes a plurality of raised areas and depressed areas permitting the light to pass through;
wherein the light emitted from the light source first pass through the plurality of raised areas and depressed areas then through the second portion, and the bottom surface of the base member faces in an opposite direction of a surface permitting user access of the button; and
wherein an exterior surface of the second portion extends from an exterior surface of the first portion and a casing of the device, and the exterior surface of the second portion is higher than the exterior surface of the first portion and the casing of the device.

US Pat. No. 10,599,011

CYCLORAMA

Frederick William von Tag...

1. A panel member for a cyclorama configured to be situated on a horizontal reference, the panel member comprising:a first wall portion at least partially defining a concave surface of the panel member, the concave surface at the first wall portion having an upper portion and a lower portion, the upper portion comprising a first radius of curvature in a plane that is parallel to the horizontal reference, at least the lower portion comprising a second radius of curvature in a plane that is perpendicular to the horizontal reference such that the lower portion of the concave surface at the first wall portion is configured to slope upwardly from the horizontal reference when the panel member is situated on the horizontal reference; and
a second wall portion at least partially defining the concave surface, the concave surface at the second wall portion having an upper portion and a lower portion, the upper portion comprising the first radius of curvature in a plane that is parallel to the horizontal reference, at least the lower portion comprising the second radius of curvature in a plane that is perpendicular to the horizontal reference such that the lower portion of the concave surface at the second wall portion is configured to slope upwardly from the horizontal reference when the panel member is situated on the horizontal reference;
wherein the first radius of curvature is greater than the second radius of curvature.

US Pat. No. 10,599,010

ILLUMINATION DEVICE, DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND CONTROL METHOD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An illumination device comprising:a first housing;
a second housing having a light source, capable of rotating with respect to the first housing;
a driving unit configured to rotate the second housing about a first axis in a first direction and/or a second axis orthogonal to the first axis in a second direction, with respect to the first housing; and
a display control unit configured to display, on a display unit, information indicating an irradiation direction of light from the light source,
wherein the display control unit changes information about the first direction included in the information indicating the irradiation direction displayed on the display unit, according to a rotation angle of the second housing in the second direction even if a rotation angle of the second housing in the first direction is not changed.

US Pat. No. 10,599,009

OPTICAL UNIT WITH SHAKE CORRECTION FUNCTION AND HAVING A ROLLING DRIVE MECHANISM

NIDEC SANKYO CORPORATION,...

1. An optical unit with a shake correction function, the optical unit comprising:a movable body comprising:
an optical module structured to hold an optical element;
a swing support mechanism structured to swingably support the optical module between a reference posture where a predetermined axial line and an optical axis are coincided with each other and an inclined posture where the optical axis is inclined with respect to the axial line; and
a holder which holds the optical module through the swing support mechanism;
a fixed body which turnably holds the movable body around the axial line;
a magnetic swing drive mechanism structured to swing the optical module; and
a magnetic rolling drive mechanism structured to turn the movable body around the axial line;
wherein the magnetic rolling drive mechanism comprises:
a rolling drive magnet which is fixed to one of the movable body and the fixed body; and
a rolling drive coil and a magnetic sensor which are fixed to an other of the movable body and the fixed body so as to face the rolling drive magnet;
wherein the rolling drive magnet is polarized and magnetized in a circumferential direction around the axial line; and
wherein power feeding to the rolling drive coil is controlled based on an output from the magnetic sensor so as to set the movable body at a predetermined home position around the axial line.

US Pat. No. 10,599,008

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ULTRAFAST GROUP-VELOCITY CONTROL VIA OPTICAL PARAMETRIC AMPLIFICATION IN CHIRPED QUASI-PHASE-MATCHING STRUCTURE

SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVER...

1. An ultrafast group-velocity control device via optical parametric amplification in chirped quasi-phase-matching structures, comprisinga signal path successively comprising a seed laser source, a pulse stretcher, and a first pulse compressor,
a pump path comprising a pump laser source,
an amplifier comprising a nonlinear crystal, and
an idler path successively comprising a spectral filter and a second pulse compressor after the amplifier,
wherein the pulse stretcher generates a chirped signal pulse, and the pump laser source generates a pump pulse;
both the chirped signal pulse and the pump pulse incident into the amplifier, and energy continuously transfers from the pump pulse to the chirped signal pulse to form an amplified chirped signal pulse and a newly generated idler pulse;
the spectral filter filters the newly generated idler pulse, and the second pulse compressor compresses the idler pulse; and the first pulse compressor compresses the amplified chirped signal pulse, and
the nonlinear crystal is a chirped quasi-phase-matching crystal with linearly varied domain periods for different signal frequency, wherein each signal frequency is phase-matched and amplified at a phase-matching position in the chirped quasi-phase matching crystal and experiences a cascaded nonlinear phase beyond the phase-matching position in the chirped quasi-phase matching crystal.

US Pat. No. 10,599,007

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EFFICIENT OPTICAL FREQUENCY CONVERSION WITH INTEGRATED OPTICAL SYSTEMS

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A waveguide comprising:a first section to receive pump light that generates a signal light throughout the waveguide,
wherein within the first section the pump light and the signal light are phase matched; and
a second section connected to the first section,
wherein the second section is formed with a phase matched bend; and
wherein the second section has a phase mismatch with the first section such that the phase output of the second section matches the phase of the input to the second section.

US Pat. No. 10,599,006

ELECTRO-ACTIVE LENSES WITH RAISED RESISTIVE BRIDGES

e-Vision Smart Optics, In...

1. An electro-optic lens comprising:a first substantially transparent substrate;
a plurality of electrodes disposed on a surface of the first substantially transparent substrate, the plurality of electrodes comprising a first electrode disposed on the surface of the first substantially transparent substrate and a second electrode disposed on the surface of the first substantially transparent substrate;
an insulating layer disposed on the first electrode, the second electrode, and on a portion of the surface of the first substantially transparent substrate between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a resistive bridge disposed on the insulating layer over the portion of the surface of the first substantially transparent substrate between the first electrode and the second electrode, the resistive bridge connecting the first electrode with the second electrode via holes patterned into the insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,599,005

ELECTRO-OPTIC DISPLAYS

E Ink Corporation, Bille...

1. An electro-optic display comprising:an electrophoretic medium comprising a suspending fluid, a plurality of electrically charged particles suspended in the suspending fluid and capable of moving therethrough on application of an electric field to the suspending fluid, a plurality of capsules, each capsule having a capsule wall surrounding the suspending fluid and the electrically charged particles, and a binder surrounding the capsules;
a lamination adhesive disposed adjacent the electrophoretic medium;
an addressing electrode to address the electrophoretic medium; and
a front electrode disposed between the electrophoretic medium and a viewing surface of the display, and
wherein the electrophoretic medium is between the addressing electrode and the front electrode, and
wherein at least one of the capsule wall of the plurality of capsules, the binder, the lamination adhesive, and the front electrode is tinted to form a color filter array.

US Pat. No. 10,599,004

DISPLAY DEVICE SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE SUBSTRATE

E Ink Corporation, Bille...

1. A method for manufacturing a display device substrate, comprising:disposing an insulating layer of a resin material on a substrate;
disposing a protective film on the insulating layer;
removing a portion of the protective film; and
disposing a partition wall of a resin material to cover the insulating layer at a place where the portion of the protective film is removed.

US Pat. No. 10,599,003

ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE AND IMAGING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An electrochromic device, comprising:a pair of electrodes;
an electrochromic element including an electrochromic layer disposed between the pair of electrodes;
a drive unit, which is connected to a power supply portion included in each of the pair of electrodes to drive the electrochromic element;
a controller, which is configured to control current or voltage supplied to the power supply portion; and
an orientation detection unit, which is configured to detect an orientation of the electrochromic element,
wherein the controller is configured to control the current or the voltage depending on output from the orientation detection unit, and
wherein the controller is configured to control the power supply portion depending on a gravity direction detected by the orientation detection unit so that an amount of charge that is generated when the power supply portion provided upward in the gravity direction is an anode becomes larger than an amount of charge that is generated when the power supply portion provided downward in the gravity direction is the anode.

US Pat. No. 10,599,002

ELECTRO-CHROMIC PANEL AND DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An electro-chromic panel comprising:a first substrate;
a first electrode disposed on the first substrate;
a second substrate facing the first substrate;
a second electrode disposed under the second substrate to face the first electrode; and
an electro-chromic device disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, the first substrate comprising:
a bottom portion facing the second substrate;
an upper portion disposed higher than the bottom portion, the upper portion being spaced apart from the bottom portion and surrounding the bottom portion when viewed in a plane substantially parallel to the bottom portion; and
slope portions comprising a first portion and plurality of second portions, the slope portions disposed between the bottom portion and the upper portion to connect a boundary of the bottom portion and an inner boundary of the upper portion adjacent to the boundary of the bottom portion,
wherein the first electrode is continuously disposed on both the bottom portion and a predetermined portion of the first slope portion connected to one side of the bottom portion, the second electrode is disposed to overlap the bottom portion and a second slope portion of the plurality of second slope portions and not to overlap the first slope portion, the second slope portion connected to another side of the bottom portion, and the electro-chromic device is disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate in a first groove defined by the bottom portion and the slope portions.

US Pat. No. 10,599,001

ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. A method of fabricating an electrochromic device, the method comprising:(a) forming a cathodically coloring layer comprising a cathodically coloring electrochromic material;
(b) forming an anodically coloring layer comprising an anodically coloring electrochromic material and one or more additives, wherein the cathodically coloring layer and the anodically coloring layer are in contact with one another to form a stack, and wherein (a) and/or (b) includes forming a superstoichiometric oxygenated form of at least one of the cathodically coloring electrochromic material and the anodically coloring electrochromic material at an interface between the cathodically coloring layer and the anodically coloring layer;
(c) exposing the stack to lithium; and
(d) heating the stack to form an ionically conducting and electrically insulating material at the interface between the cathodically coloring layer and the anodically coloring layer.

US Pat. No. 10,599,000

SMART WINDOW

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A smart window comprising:a first base layer and a second base layer positioned to face each other;
a first conductive layer and a second conductive layer respectively positioned at inner surfaces of the first base layer and the second base layer; and
an electrolyte layer interposed between the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer,
wherein the first conductive layer includes a plurality of first nanostructures, and the second conductive layer includes a plurality of second nanostructures, wherein an average length of the plurality of first nanostructures is different from an average length of the plurality of second nanostructures.

US Pat. No. 10,598,999

LIQUID-CRYSTAL ACHROMATIC PHASE MODULATOR

ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL, C...

1. An achromatic phase modulator that modulates phase of an incident light and outputs the light having undergone phase modulation, comprising:a plurality of liquid crystal elements disposed in series on a light path of the incident light, which are composed of liquid crystal materials; and
a control unit for applying drive electric signals to the liquid crystal elements so as to achieve achromatic phase modulation for the incident light, wherein:
the plurality of liquid crystal element comprises at least a first liquid crystal element group composed of a pair of liquid crystal elements both of which liquid crystal materials have a first refractive index wavelength dependence characteristics and a second liquid crystal element group composed of a pair of liquid crystal elements both of which liquid crystal materials have a second refractive index wavelength dependence characteristics;
thicknesses of both of liquid crystal material layers of the liquid crystal elements constituting the first liquid crystal element group are substantially the same as each other, and thicknesses of both of liquid crystal material layers of the liquid crystal elements constituting the second liquid crystal element group are substantially the same as each other;
in the pair of liquid crystal elements constituting the first liquid crystal element group:
an alignment direction of liquid crystal molecules of one of the liquid crystal elements can be altered in a plane including a first alignment direction substantially parallel to a direction in which the incident light advances, and a second alignment direction perpendicular to the first alignment direction, and
an alignment direction of liquid crystal molecules of another of the liquid crystal elements can be altered in a plane including the first alignment direction and a third alignment direction perpendicular to both of the first alignment direction and the second alignment direction;
in the pair of liquid crystal elements constituting the second liquid crystal element group:
an alignment direction of liquid crystal molecules of one of the liquid crystal element can be altered in a plane including the first alignment direction and a fourth alignment direction perpendicular to the first alignment direction, and
an alignment direction of liquid crystal molecules of another of the liquid crystal elements can be altered in a plane including the first alignment direction and a fifth alignment direction perpendicular to both of the first alignment direction and the fourth alignment direction;
in each of the plurality of the liquid crystal elements, the alignment directions of the liquid crystal molecules can be set individually to a first modulation condition under which a first modulation quantity is achieved and to a second modulation condition under which a second modulation quantity different from the first modulation quantity is achieved, in correspondence to the applying drive electric signals to each of the liquid crystal elements; and
for light having a given wavelength, in one of the first and second liquid crystal element groups, an average of refractive indices of the pair of liquid crystal elements in the first alignment condition is greater than an average of refractive indices of the pair of liquid crystal elements in the second alignment condition, and in the other of the first and second liquid crystal element groups, an average of refractive indices of the pair of liquid crystal elements in the first alignment condition is smaller than an average of refractive indices of the pair of liquid crystal elements in the second alignment condition.

US Pat. No. 10,598,998

OPTICAL SWITCHING DEVICE

Merck Patent GmbH, Darms...

1. Optical switching device comprising the following layer sequence:polarisation layer;
substrate layer;
electrically conductive transparent layer;
alignment layer;
switching layer;
alignment layer;
electrically conductive transparent layer; and
substrate layerwhere the device has only one switching layer;where the switching layer comprises a liquid-crystalline material which comprises a compound of a formula (I)where R1 is selected from alkyl groups having 1 to 10 C atoms and which comprises at least one dichroic dye which is selected from azo compounds, anthraquinones, benzothiadiazoles, diketopyrrolopyrroles and rylenes; andwhere the switching layer has a dark switching state having low light transmission through the switching layer and a bright switching state having high light transmission through the switching layer, where the light transmittance ?v, in accordance with the EN410 standard, of the switching layer in the dark switching state of the device for light which is polarised parallel to the principal axis of absorption of the at least one dichroic dye is less than 3%; andwhere the device contains only one polarisation layer, the polarisation layer linearly polarises light and the absorption axis of the polarisation layer which linearly polarises light is arranged, in the dark switching state of the switching layer, at an angle of 70°-110° to the principal axis of absorption of the at least one dichroic dye.

US Pat. No. 10,598,997

PIXEL ARRAY, DISPLAY PANEL AND CURVED DISPLAY PANEL

Au Optronics Corporation,...

8. A display panel having a central region, a first region, and a second region, the first region and the second region being located at two sides of the central region, the display panel comprising:a first substrate;
a pixel array located on the first substrate, the pixel array comprising a plurality of pixel unit sets, wherein each of the pixel unit sets is as recited in claim 1,
a second substrate located opposite to the first substrate;
a color filter layer located on the first substrate or the second substrate, the color filter layer being arranged corresponding to the pixel array; and
a light shielding pattern layer located on the second substrate, the light shielding pattern layer being arranged corresponding to the color filter layer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,996

ARRAY SUBSTRATE INCLUDING THIN FILM TRANSISTOR HAVING SUB-CHANNEL REGIONS OF DIFFERENT WIDTHS, DISPLAY PANEL, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

SHANGHAI AVIC OPTO ELECTR...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a substrate; and
a plurality of scanning lines and a plurality of data lines disposed on the substrate, the plurality of scanning lines and the plurality of data lines being insulated and intersected to define a plurality of pixel units, wherein:
a pixel unit includes a thin film transistor and a pixel electrode, a gate electrode of the thin film transistor is electrically connected to a scanning line of the plurality of scanning lines, a source electrode of the thin film transistor is electrically connected to a data line of the plurality of data lines, and a drain electrode of the thin film transistor is electrically connected to the pixel electrode of the pixel unit,
an active layer of the thin film transistor includes a first channel region and a second channel region, the first channel region includes a first sub-channel region and at least one second sub-channel region, the second channel region includes a third sub-channel region and at least one fourth sub-channel region, and a longitudinal direction of the first channel region is perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the second channel region,
the gate electrode is a part of the scanning line and overlapped with the active layer, thereby forming an overlapping region on the active layer, and the first channel region is disposed within the overlapping region,
along a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the first channel region, the first sub-channel region has a first width, the at least one second sub-channel region has a second width, and the second width is smaller than the first width,
a ratio of a length of the at least one second sub-channel region in the longitudinal direction of the first channel region to the first width of the first sub-channel region is greater than 0.25 and smaller than 2, and
a light-shielding layer is disposed on one side of the thin film transistor facing the substrate, the light-shielding layer non-overlapping with the source electrode and the drain electrode along a direction perpendicular to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,598,995

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, FABRICATION METHOD, AND CORRESPONDING DISPLAY PANEL AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising: a base substrate, and a gate line, an insulating layer, a data line, a thin film transistor and a first active pad layer provided on the base substrate, wherein, the insulating layer is provided on the gate line, the data line is arranged on the gate line through the insulating layer and is arranged intersecting with the gate line, the first active pad layer is arranged on the gate line through the insulating layer and is arranged overlapping with the gate line, the first active pad layer and the gate line are separated by the insulating layer, the first active pad layer is arranged outside a region where the gate line and the data line overlap with each other, the thin film transistor comprises an active layer disposed on a side of the insulating layer away from the gate line and separated from the first active pad layer in a direction parallel to the base substrate, at least one of the first active pad layer and an edge of a part of the gate line where the gate line and the first active pad layer overlap with each other has a tip structure, wherein the tip structure comprises a serrated edge configured so that static electricity may be attracted to accumulate on the first active pad layer to increase the probability of electro static discharge.

US Pat. No. 10,598,994

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first display panel; and
a second display panel opposing to the first display panel, wherein
the first display panel includes a plurality of first source lines extending in a first direction, a plurality of first gate lines extending in a second direction different from the first direction, a plurality of first thin film transistors of which each is electrically connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of first source lines and a corresponding one of the plurality of first gate lines, and a plurality of first pixel electrodes of which each is electrically connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of first thin film transistors,
the second display panel includes a plurality of second source lines extending in the first direction, a plurality of second gate lines extending in the second direction, a plurality of second thin film transistors, and a plurality of second pixel electrodes of which each is electrically connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of the second thin film transistors,
each of the plurality of the second thin film transistors includes a first conductive electrode electrically connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of source lines, a second conductive electrode including a first branch electrode and a second branch electrode, and a control electrode electrically connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of gate lines, and
the first branch electrode and the second branch electrode are electrically connected to a same second pixel electrode among the plurality of second pixel electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,598,993

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising an active matrix substrate, a counter substrate, and a liquid crystal layer interposed between the active matrix substrate and the counter substrate,the active matrix substrate includes:
a plurality of gate lines;
a plurality of data lines;
a plurality of pixel electrodes provided in a plurality of pixels, respectively, the pixels being defined by the gate lines and the data lines;
a common electrode provided in a display area composed of the pixels; and
capacitance-generating parts that are provided outside the display area, and that generate capacitances between a group of the gate lines among the plurality of the gate lines and the common electrode, wherein
the gate lines of the group have a length smaller than that of the gate line having a maximum length, and intersect with a group of the data lines,
the capacitance-generating parts are provided in such a manner that at least one capacitance-generating part is provided with respect to one gate line among the gate lines of the group,
each capacitance-generating part includes an upper electrode, a lower electrode, and an insulating layer provided between the upper electrode and the lower electrode,
each of the upper electrode and the lower electrode is formed with at least one of a first transparent electrode film made of the same material as that of the pixel electrodes, a second transparent electrode film made of the same material as that of the common electrode, a first metal film made of the same material as that of the gate lines, and a second metal film made of the same material as that of the data lines,
the active matrix substrate further includes a plurality of switching elements that include semiconductor films,
the upper electrode includes the second metal film, the first transparent electrode film, and the second transparent electrode film that is connected to the first transparent electrode film and is connected to the common electrode,
the lower electrode includes the first metal film connected with the gate lines of the group, and
each capacitance-generating part includes a semiconductor layer made of the same material as that of the semiconductor film, between the upper electrode and the insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,992

PIXEL ARRAY

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A pixel array, comprising:a first scan line and a second scan line;
a first data line and a second data line, respectively disposed intersecting with the first scan line and the second scan line;
a first pixel electrode and a second pixel electrode, respectively disposed on a first side of the first scan line and a second side of the first scan line;
a first switch element, electrically connected to the first scan line, the first data line and the first pixel electrode;
a second switch element, electrically connected to the second pixel electrode;
a first common line, located on the first side of the first scan line;
a first conductive line, comprising a first extending portion and a second extending portion, wherein the first extending portion is located on the first side of the first scan line, and the second extending portion is located on the second side of the first scan line; and
a first connection line, crossing the first scan line so as to electrically connect the first extending portion to the second extending portion;
a third pixel electrode and a fourth pixel electrode, respectively disposed on a first side of the second scan line and a second side of the second scan line;
a third switch element, electrically connected to the second scan line, the second data line, and the third pixel electrode;
a fourth switch element, electrically connected to the fourth pixel electrode;
a second common line, located on the first side of the second scan line;
a second conductive line, comprising a third extending portion and a fourth extending portion, wherein the third extending portion is located on the first side of the second scan line, and the fourth extending portion is located on the second side of the second scan line;
a third common line; and
a first connection structure electrically connect the second common line to the third common line,
wherein the first common line, the second common line and the third common line are electrically connected to a first voltage, and the first conductive line and the second conductive line are electrically connected to a second voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,598,991

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL CUTTING METHOD AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising at least two sub display regions and at least one sealant blocking unit, wherein the sub display regions are configured to form sub display substrates,each of the at least one sealant blocking unit comprises a first strip-like blocking pattern and a second strip-like blocking pattern that are arranged at two sides of a cutting line on the display substrate respectively and are arranged in periphery regions of two adjacent sub display regions respectively;
the display substrate further comprises two pieces of sealants applied thereon according to two applying traces corresponding to each sealant blocking unit, a region, in which projections of the two pieces of sealants onto the display substrate overlap, is between the first strip-like blocking pattern and the second strip-like blocking pattern;
in a sub display region of the at least two sub display regions, a first piece of sealant covers the first strip-like blocking pattern, and the first piece of sealant comprises sealant patterns that are formed between an active display region of the sub display region and the first strip-like blocking pattern, and between the first strip-like blocking pattern and the cutting line; and
the first piece of sealant is either one of the two pieces of sealants, and the first strip-like blocking pattern and the applying trace of the first piece of sealant are arranged at a same side of the cutting line.

US Pat. No. 10,598,990

ARRAY SUBSTRATE FOR LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYS AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An array substrate for liquid crystal displays, comprising:a display unit including a thin film transistor;
a pad unit disposed at a first side adjacent to the display unit and including an electrode pad for driving the thin film transistor;
a dummy unit disposed at a second side adjacent to the display unit, wherein the first side is opposite to the second side with respect to the display unit;
a first blocking unit for blocking a material forming a liquid crystal alignment layer from spreading in a direction from the display unit to the pad unit is disposed at the pad unit; and
a second blocking unit for blocking the material forming the liquid crystal alignment layer from spreading in a direction from the display unit to the dummy unit is disposed at the dummy unit,
wherein each of the first and second blocking units which are separated from each other includes a plurality of barriers and each barrier includes a dummy metal pattern which is isolated and surrounded by an insulating film,
wherein the first blocking unit includes a metal pattern that vertically overlaps another metal pattern and the second blocking unit includes a metal pattern that does not vertically overlap another metal pattern, and
wherein a second groove between the barriers in the second blocking unit has a greater depth than a first groove between the barriers in the first blocking unit.

US Pat. No. 10,598,989

LIQUID CRYSTAL APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A liquid crystal apparatus comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate including:
a base layer having a surface facing the first substrate, the surface of the base layer including:
a plurality of first inclined surfaces, each first inclined surface of the plurality of first inclined surfaces having (i) a high portion with a maximum height relative to the second substrate, (ii) a low portion with a minimum height relative to the second substrate, and (iii) an inclined portion having a continuously changing height relative to the second substrate between the high portion and the low portion, and
a plurality of boundary grooves disposed between adjacent first inclined surfaces of the plurality of first inclined surfaces, each boundary groove of the plurality of boundary grooves extending into the base layer perpendicular with respect to an opposite surface of the base layer, the plurality of boundary grooves having a groove height relative to the second substrate that is less than the minimum height of the low portion, and
an optical compensation layer laminated on the base layer, the optical compensation layer having a surface facing the first substrate, the surface of the optical compensation layer including a plurality of second inclined surfaces having a shape corresponding to a shape of the plurality of first inclined surfaces; and
a liquid crystal layer provided between the first substrate and the second substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,598,988

BACK LIGHT UNIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A back light unit, comprising: a light-emitting member, a photoluminescence member and a polarization state-adjusting member;wherein, the light-emitting member is used to provide a back light, the light-emitting member comprising a back plane and a plurality of LEDs on the back plane, and the back plane is divided into a plurality of first subregions distributed in a matrix with different brightness respectively, each of the LEDs is disposed in each of the first subregions;
and the light-emitting member is divided into a plurality of first subregions with different brightness respectively;
the photoluminescence member comprises a quantum rod film and is used to emit various monochromatic light in perpendicular polarization direction with each other under stimulation of the back light, and the various monochromatic light are combined into a white light to go into the polarization state-adjusting member; and
the polarization state-adjusting member comprises a liquid crystal panel including a liquid crystal layer and is used to adjust polarization direction of a plurality of monochromatic light in the white light;
wherein the polarization state-adjusting member is divided into a plurality of second subregions distributed in a matrix, the plurality of second subregions corresponding to the plurality of first subregions one by one, projection of each of the plurality of second subregions on the back plane overlapping with the first subregion corresponding thereto; and the second subregions are used to adjust polarization direction of different monochromatic light in the white light in corresponding region;
wherein the light-emitting member and the polarization state-adjusting member are disposed facing with each other, and the photoluminescence member is disposed between the light-emitting member and the polarization state-adjusting member; and
wherein no polarizers are provided between the quantum rod film and the liquid crystal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,987

LIQUID CRYSTAL GRATING AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal grating, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate arranged opposite to the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a quantum dot layer arranged between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer, wherein the quantum dot layer comprises a plurality of sub-pixels distributed in an array, and wherein each of the sub-pixels comprises:
a light-shielding region located at a central portion of the sub-pixel and
a quantum dot region that is separate from the light-shielding region;
an electrode structure, wherein the electrode structure is arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate and distributed across the plurality of sub-pixels; and
a light input layer, wherein the light input layer is arranged between the second substrate and the liquid crystal layer, and wherein the light input layer defines a plurality of light input ports, each light input port arranged opposite to the light-shielding region of a respective one of the sub-pixels,
wherein the electrode structure is configured to change light transmission of the liquid crystal layer depending on control voltages applied to the electrode structure, thereby changing respective divergences of respective light beams after the light beams transmit through the liquid crystal layer, and
wherein the light beams enter the liquid crystal grating via the plurality of light input ports, thereby changing respective amounts of the light beams impinging on respective ones of the quantum dot regions of the plurality of sub-pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,598,986

BACKLIGHT ASSEMBLY AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight assembly, comprising a light guide plate formed of a resin and a light source, whereinthe resin comprises at least one of PET, PC, or PMMA,
the light guide plate has a first light exiting surface and a second light exiting surface opposite to each other, and a light incident side intersecting with the first light exiting surface and the second light exiting surface,
the light source is located at the light incident side of the light guide plate,
the light guide plate comprises a plurality of light guide films, each of which is formed of the resin,
the plurality of light guide films are overlapped on each other in a direction from the first light exiting surface to the second light exiting surface,
the plurality of light guide films comprises a first light guide film and a plurality of second light guide films disposed on two side of the first light guide film,
the first light guide film has a refractive index smaller than that of any one of the plurality of second light guide films, and
the refractive indexes of the plurality of second light guide films increase as a distance from the first light guide film increases.

US Pat. No. 10,598,985

FRONT-LIT DISPLAY

Himax Display, Inc., Tai...

1. A front-lit display comprising:a light source adapted to output light beams of different colors;
a coupling lens disposed on transmission paths of the light beams from the light source;
a first polarizer disposed on transmission paths of the light beams from the coupling lens;
a light guide plate disposed on transmission paths of the light beams from the first polarizer, the light guide plate having a first surface, a second surface opposite to the first surface, a side surface connecting the first surface and the second surface, and a plurality of light guiding microstructures located between the first surface and the second surface, wherein the light beams from the first polarizer enter the light guide plate through the side surface;
a second polarizer disposed on the first surface of the light guide plate; and
a reflective display panel disposed below the second surface of the light guide plate,
wherein the light source comprises a plurality of light emitting elements, the light emitting elements that emit light beams of different colors are arranged along a first direction instead of a second direction, the first direction is parallel to the side surface and the first surface, and the second direction is parallel to the side surface and perpendicular to the first surface, and
wherein the coupling lens comprises a plurality of vertical columnar structures arranged along the first direction and respectively extending along the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,598,984

REFLECTIVITY ADJUSTABLE WALL UNIT, WALL MODULE AND INTELLIGENT BUILDING EXTERIOR WALL SYSTEM

BOE TECHNOLGOY GROUP CO.,...

1. A reflectivity adjustable wall module comprising:a reflectivity adjustable wall unit comprising:
a transflective layer;
a reflective layer;
a first sealing gap defined between the transflective layer and the reflective layer; and
a liquid crystal layer in the first sealing gap;
wherein the transflective layer is used as an outer layer of the reflectivity adjustable wall unit, reflects some of ambient light irradiated at the transflective layer and allows the rest of the ambient light to pass through;
wherein the reflective layer and the transflective layer are opposite to each other; the reflective layer includes an electrochromic reflective layer, a liquid crystal electrode layer and a base substrate; the electrochromic reflective layer, the liquid crystal electrode layer and the base substrate are sequentially arranged from an outside to an inside; and
wherein the electrochromic reflective layer has variable reflectivity under control of an external control voltage; and the liquid crystal layer has variable refractive index under control of the liquid crystal electrode layer;
a light sensing unit configured to measure light intensity of light incident to the reflectivity adjustable wall unit; and
a component control unit communicated with the light sensing unit and electrically connected with the reflectivity adjustable wall unit;
wherein the component control unit is configured to, according to the light intensity of the incident light obtained by the light sensing unit via measurement, control the reflectivity of the electrochromic reflective layer by controlling the electrochromic reflective layer to enter into a mirror reflection state when the light intensity is greater than a specified threshold, and control the refractive index of the liquid crystal layer in the reflectivity adjustable wall unit, thereby enabling a first reflection component and a second reflection component of the incident light to cancel each other out in a predetermined ratio; and
wherein the first reflection component refers to one part of the incident light, that is directly reflected at an outer surface of the transflective layer; the second reflection component refers to another part of the incident light, that is refracted by the transflective layer and the liquid crystal layer and then reflected by the reflective layer, then refracted by the transflective layer and the liquid crystal layer again and emits from the transflective layer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,983

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING FOUR POLARIZERS WITH DIFFERENT DEGREES OF POLARIZATION

PANASONIC LIQUID CRYSTAL ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first liquid crystal cell,
a second liquid crystal cell disposed on a back side of the first liquid crystal cell;
a first polarizing plate disposed on a front side of the first liquid crystal cell;
a second polarizing plate disposed between the first liquid crystal cell and the second liquid crystal cell;
a third polarizing plate disposed between the second polarizing plate and the second liquid crystal cell; and
a fourth polarizing plate disposed on a back side of the second liquid crystal cell,
wherein P1, P2, P3, P4 represent degrees of polarization of the first polarizing plate, the second polarizing plate, the third polarizing plate, and the fourth polarizing plate, respectively, one of a relational expression of P1>P2, P3, P4, a relational expressions of P4>P1, P2, P3, and a relational expression of P1, P4>P2, P3 is satisfied wherein each of the first polarizing plate, the second polarizing plate, the third polarizing plate, and the fourth polarizing plate includes a base material and polarizers laminated on the base material, and d1, d2, d3, d4 represent thicknesses of the polarizers of the first polarizing plate, the second polarizing plate, the third polarizing plate, and the fourth polarizing plate, respectively, a relational expression of d1, d4>d2, d3 is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 10,598,982

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY SCREEN

HUIZHOU CHINA STAR OPTOEL...

1. A liquid crystal display screen, comprising a liquid crystal panel, a first functional layer disposed on an array substrate of the liquid crystal panel, a quarter-wave plate and a first polarizing layer sequentially stacked on the first functional layer, wherein the array substrate has a metal wire, the metal wire reflects ambient light sequentially passing through the first polarizing layer, the quarter-wave plate and the first functional layer and striking a surface of the metal wire; an included angle is between an optical axis of the quarter-wave plate and an absorption axis of the first polarizing layer so as to block the ambient light reflected by the metal wire in the first polarizing layer,wherein the first functional layer comprises an adhesive layer, a compensation layer and a second polarizing layer which are sequentially stacked, and the second polarizing layer is merged with the quarter-wave plate.

US Pat. No. 10,598,981

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

SHANGHAI TIANMA MICRO-ELE...

1. A display substrate, having a display area and a peripheral area surrounding the display area, wherein a plurality of force sensors is provided in the peripheral area and the plurality of force sensors is made of polysilicon material, in a direction perpendicular to the display substrate, a first layer is provided directly under a layer where the plurality of force sensors is located, a second layer is provided directly above the layer where the plurality of force sensors is located, and a Young's modulus of at least one of the first layer and the second layer is greater than a Young's modulus of silicon oxide;wherein a polysilicon layer, a first silicon oxide layer, a second silicon oxide layer, a first silicon nitride layer and a second silicon nitride layer are only provided in the display area, wherein in the direction perpendicular to the display substrate, the first silicon nitride layer, the first silicon oxide layer, the polysilicon layer, the second silicon oxide layer, and the second silicon nitride layer are sequentially disposed adjacent to each other in an order from the first silicon nitride layer to the first silicon oxide layer, then to the polysilicon layer, then to the second silicon oxide layer, and then to the second silicon nitride layer; the layer where the plurality of force sensors is located is a same layer as a layer where the polysilicon layer is located; and
the first layer and the first silicon nitride layer are a same layer, and the second layer and the second silicon nitride layer are another same layer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,980

PIXEL STRUCTURE AND DISPLAY PANEL HAVING THE SAME

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A pixel structure, comprising:a plurality of data lines;
a plurality of scanning lines, disposed in a manner of intersecting with the data lines; and
a plurality of pixel units, wherein each of the pixel units comprises a plurality of subpixels, and the subpixels are connected to the data lines and the scanning lines;
wherein each of the pixel units comprises a plurality of monochromatic subpixels disposed in a form of an array and a plurality of white subpixels, the white subpixels and the monochromatic subpixels are disposed in pairs and adjacent to each other, and colors of the plurality of monochromatic subpixels in each of the pixel units are different;
each of the pixel units has a two-column three-row structure;
each of the pixel units comprises three monochromatic subpixels disposed in a form of an array in a first column and three white subpixels disposed in a form of an array in a second column;
the data lines comprise a first data line and a second data line disposed at intervals, the first data line is connected to the monochromatic subpixels, and the second data line is connected to the white subpixels; and
the scanning lines include a first scanning line, a second scanning line, and a third scanning line, each of the first, second and third scanning lines is connected to the monochromatic subpixels and the white subpixels.

US Pat. No. 10,598,979

COLOR FILTER SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A color filter substrate, comprising a base substrate and a color filter formed on the base substrate, wherein the color filter includes a plurality of color areas; the color filter substrate further comprises a plurality of antireflective films,wherein each antireflective film in the plurality of antireflective films corresponds to one color area in the color filter,
the antireflective film is configured to reduce a reflectively of the light of which the color is the same with the color of the corresponding color area,
refractive indexes of the plurality of antireflective films in different color areas are different, thickness of the plurality of antireflective films in different color areas are different,
the color filter substrate further comprises a protective layer; the protective layer is disposed on an Incident side of the color filter substrate; the plurality of antireflective films are disposed between the productive layer and the plurality of color areas; and a reflective Index of each of the plurality of antireflective films is between a refractive index of the corresponding color area and a refractive index of the protective layer,
the plurality of color areas comprises a red area, a green area, and a blue area, refractive of the red area is n1; refractive index of the green area is n2; refractive index of the blue area is n3; and refractive index of the protective layer 2 is n0;
refractive index N1 of the antireflective film between the red area and the protective layer is between n0 and n2; refractive Index N2 of the antireflective film between the green area and the protective layer is between n0 and n2; and refractive index N3 of the antireflective film between the blue area and the protective layer is between n0 and n3.

US Pat. No. 10,598,978

ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electro-optical device, comprising:an electro-optical panel including a first substrate, a second substrate facing the first substrate, and an electro-optical layer provided between the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the second substrate includes a first light-shielding layer in a peripheral region surrounding a display region, and
wherein the first substrate includes, in the peripheral region surrounding the display region, a second light-shielding layer, a third light-shielding layer and a translucent region, the third light-shielding layer being disposed in a layer located between the second light-shielding layer and the first light-shielding layer, and the translucent region being overlapping neither the second light-shielding layer nor the third light-shielding layer between a first edge of the second light-shielding layer and a second edge of the third light-shielding layer, in a view from the first substrate side, the first edge and the second edge being spaced apart from each other, and
wherein W<(d1×tan ?×d2×tan ?), ? being a maximum incident angle of light-source light that incidents on the electro-optical layer from the second substrate, W being a maximum width of the translucent region, d1 being a thickness between an end portion of the first edge at a side opposite to the first light-shielding layer and the first light shielding layer, and d2 being a thickness between an end portion of the second edge at a side opposite to the first light-shielding layer and the first light-shielding layer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,977

DISPLAY APPARATUS

CHAMP VISION DISPLAY INC....

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display;
a prism module, disposed on the display, and comprising a transparent substrate and a plurality of prism structures, wherein the plurality of prism structures are located on the transparent substrate, and a plurality of tips of the prism structures are located away from the display; and
a filter layer, disposed between the prism module and the display, wherein the filter layer is an absorptive polarizing layer, and an axial direction of an absorption axis of the absorptive polarizing layer is perpendicular to a polarization direction of an image beam coming from the display,
wherein the display has a display region and a frame region surrounding the display region,
wherein a projection region of the prism module on the display is overlapped with the frame region and a part of the display region located adjacent to the frame region, and at least a portion of the prism module is disposed on a top of the frame region.

US Pat. No. 10,598,976

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate facing the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer between the first substrate and the second substrate, the liquid crystal layer being enclosed by a sealing member;
a first protrusion in one of the first substrate and the second substrate in a region inner to the sealing member, the first protrusion protruding toward the other of the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a resin component bonding the other of the first substrate and the second substrate and the first protrusion to each other,
wherein the second substrate includes a first light-blocking layer having an opening provided therein,
the first substrate includes a pixel electrode, a switching element, and a second light-blocking layer,
the switching element is electrically connected with the pixel electrode,
the second light-blocking layer is between the switching element and the liquid crystal layer, and
the opening overlaps the first protrusion and the second light-blocking layer in a plan view.