US Pat. No. 10,511,893

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTENT VALIDATION

1. A system, comprising:a memory that stores instructions; and
a processor that executes the instructions to perform operations, the operations comprising:
receiving a notification from a client system, wherein the notification indicates that the client system received a corrupt packet from a first peer;
updating a first peer score for the first peer if the first peer is not a poor quality peer, wherein the first peer score incorporates a ratio of corrupt packets to good packets received from the first peer; and
providing, to the client system, a peer identification associated with a second peer that is not on a black list so as to enable the client system to obtain an uncorrupted packet corresponding to the corrupt packet.

US Pat. No. 10,511,889

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATICALLY RETURNING TO PLAYBACK OF A MEDIA ASSET WHEN THE MEDIA ASSET IS TRENDING IN SOCIAL CHATTER

Rovi Guides, Inc., San J...

1. A method for automatically returning to a first media asset that was replaced by playback of a second media asset when the first media asset is trending in social chatter, the method comprising:identifying a first media asset being played back at user equipment;
receiving at the user equipment, from a user input device, a command to access a second media asset;
in response to the command to access the second media asset, replacing playback of the first media asset at the user equipment with playback of the second media asset;
monitoring social media activity for chatter that relates to the identified first media asset; and
in response to detecting, during the monitoring, chatter that relates to the identified first media asset:
measuring an amount of chatter that relates to the identified first media asset;
determining a first amount of chatter that relates to the identified first media asset within a first time period;
determining a second amount of chatter that relates to the identified first media asset within a second time period;
comparing the first amount with the second amount to determine a relative change in the amount of chatter that relates to the identified first media asset;
retrieving a threshold amount of change from a storage device;
determining whether the relative change in the amount of chatter exceeds the retrieved threshold amount of change;
in response to determining that the relative change in the amount of chatter exceeds the retrieved threshold amount of change, determining that the amount of chatter that relates to the identified first media asset exceeds a threshold amount of chatter; and
in response to determining that the amount of chatter that relates to the identified first media asset exceeds the threshold amount of chatter:
identifying a play position in the identified first media asset that corresponds to the detected chatter; and
replacing playback of the second media asset at the user equipment with playback of the first media asset starting from the identified play position.

US Pat. No. 10,511,886

LATENCY AND CPU UTILIZATION CONTROL FOR CONTENT ITEM SELECTION

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method comprising:receiving a request for one or more content items for a user;
receiving a set of candidate content items for evaluation in a content selection process, the content selection process controlled by a latency period parameter and a CPU utilization parameter;
retrieving a target latency period and a target CPU utilization for the content selection process;
evaluating the set of candidate content items in the content selection process;
determining an actual latency period of the content selection process for the set of candidate content items;
updating the latency period parameter of the content selection process based on a comparison of the target latency period and the actual latency period;
determining an actual CPU utilization of the content selection process for the set of candidate content items;
updating the CPU utilization parameter based on a comparison of the target CPU utilization and the actual CPU utilization; and
evaluating a different set of candidate content items using the updated latency period parameter and the updated CPU utilization parameter in the content selection process.

US Pat. No. 10,511,885

REINFORCED INTERLEAVED WATERMARKING

Synamedia Limited, Middl...

1. An apparatus comprising:a memory device; and
a processor coupled to the memory device, wherein the processor is operative to:
receive a primary video;
select a plurality of first sections of the primary video in which to include units of data for use in watermarking;
select a plurality of second sections of the primary video, each one of the plurality of second sections including a first data item without which at least one video unit of the primary video cannot be rendered or cannot be rendered correctly;
replace each one first section of the plurality of first sections with at least two watermark variants, each one of the at least two watermark variants of the one first section including a watermarked version of the one first section;
replace each one second section of the plurality of second sections with at least two watermark variant decoys, each one of the at least two watermark variant decoys including the one second section; and
select one of the at least two watermark variants for each one of the plurality of first sections and one of the at least two watermark variant decoys for each one of the plurality of second sections for rendering as part of an interleaved video stream including the primary video in order to embed units of data of an identification in the interleaved video stream, wherein each one of the at least two watermark variant decoys of each one of the plurality of second sections does not include watermarking data.

US Pat. No. 10,511,882

RECEPTION APPARATUS, RECEPTION METHOD, AND TRANSMISSION APPARATUS

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A reception apparatus, comprising:processing circuitry configured to
receive a container containing a video stream including video data and a subtitle stream, the subtitle stream including caption display position information that designates a caption display position by a relative position with respect to a reference point of a display video area,
decode the subtitle stream to obtain caption bitmap data,
determine a caption display area on a basis of the caption display position,
resize the determined caption display area by adjusting a width in a vertical direction and a width in a horizontal direction of the determined caption display area based on an aspect ratio of the display video area when an aspect ratio of a video area is different from the aspect ratio of the display video area, and
superimpose the caption bitmap data on the video data based on the resized caption display area.

US Pat. No. 10,511,876

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING BROADCAST SERVICE IN HYBRID BROADCAST SYSTEM ON BASIS OF CONNECTION OF TERRESTRIAL BROADCAST NETWORK AND INTERNET PROTOCOL NETWORK

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

17. A method for receiving at least one broadcast signal in a broadcast receiver, the method comprising:receiving the at least one broadcast signal comprising a packet from a transmitter, wherein the packet comprises at least one component of a service or signaling data providing information for the service and the at least one component, further the at least one component comprises a video component or an audio component; and
processing the at least one component based on the signaling data, wherein the signaling data includes information for identifying the service, status information for specifying whether status of the service is active or inactive, name information for representing a name of the service and delivery method type information on a delivery mode for the service.

US Pat. No. 10,511,875

SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR ENHANCING DELIVERY OF MEDIA SERVICES

1. A non-transitory, machine-readable storage medium, comprising executable instructions, which when executed by a processor of a set-top box, cause the processor to facilitate performance of operations comprising:providing a first media program of a plurality of media programs obtained via signals of a multimedia satellite service for presentation at a media device, wherein the signals of the multimedia satellite service are received via a connection to a satellite system;
receiving, during the presentation of the first media program, a first request from a mobile device for content information related to a second media program of the plurality of media programs of the multimedia satellite service;
transmitting, responsive to the first request, to a media system that is separate from the multimedia satellite service, via a connection to a communication network not associated with the multimedia satellite service, a second request for the content information;
obtaining, responsive to the second request, the content information via the connection to the communication network not associated with the multimedia satellite service;
providing the content information to the mobile device for presentation at the mobile device concurrently with the presentation of the first media program at the media device;
buffering the first media program at a digital video recorder while providing the content information; and
responsive to receiving a selection from the mobile device, directing the digital video recorder to record the second media program, wherein the second media program is uploaded to the media system using the multimedia satellite service, and wherein the media system, responsive to direction by the mobile device, provides a media program of the plurality of media programs to the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,511,874

SHARING TELEVISION AND VIDEO PROGRAMMING THROUGH SOCIAL NETWORKING

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method comprising:by one or more computer systems, accessing a graph comprising a plurality of ownership edges, each particular ownership edge indicating that a particular user corresponding to a particular first node owns a particular device corresponding to a particular second node;
by the one or more computer systems, determining, from the graph, a first device owned by a first user and second device owned by a second user; and
by the one or more computer systems, providing media content that the first user is currently viewing on the first device for display on the second device.

US Pat. No. 10,511,865

AUDIO SPLICING CONCEPT

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A non-transitory digital storage medium on which a spliceable audio data stream is stored for processing, the data stream comprising:a sequence of payload packets, each of the payload packets belonging to a respective one of a sequence of access units into which the spliceable audio data stream is partitioned, each access unit being associated with a respective one of audio frames of an audio signal which is encoded into the spliceable audio data stream in units of the audio frames;
a truncation unit packet inserted into the spliceable audio data stream and being settable so as to indicate, for a predetermined access unit, an end portion of an audio frame with which the predetermined access unit is associated, as to be discarded in playout; and
a further truncation unit packet inserted into the spliceable audio data stream and being settable so as to indicate for a further predetermined access unit, an end portion of a further audio frame with which the further predetermined access unit is associated, as to be discarded in playout;
wherein the predetermined access unit has encoded thereinto the respective associated audio frame in a manner so that a reconstruction thereof at decoding side is dependent on an access unit immediately preceding the predetermined access unit, and a majority of the access units has encoded thereinto the respective associated audio frame in a manner so that the reconstruction thereof at decoding side is dependent on the respective immediately preceding access unit, and the further predetermined access unit has encoded thereinto the respective associated audio frame in a manner so that the reconstruction thereof at decoding side is independent from the access unit immediately preceding the further predetermined access unit, thereby allowing immediate playout.

US Pat. No. 10,511,851

IMAGE ENCODING AND DECODING METHOD WITH MERGE FLAG AND MOTION VECTORS

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A method performed at least partially by electronic circuitry, comprising:inputting encoded data comprising at least a target block in a first frame;
decoding a merge flag specifying whether at least a motion vector of an inter prediction mode is inferred from a merging block;
deriving a first candidate motion vector from at least one neighboring block of the target block, when the merge flag specifies that at least the motion vector of the inter prediction mode is inferred from the merging block, wherein the at least one neighboring block of the target block comprises at least one of (1) a block on bottom left side of the target block, (2) a block on left side of the target block, (3) a block on upper right side of the target block, (4) a block on upper side of the target block, and (5) a block on upper left side of the target block;
deriving a second candidate motion vector from a representative motion vector of a representative position of a collocated block in a second frame different from the first frame, the collocated block being determined according to a first position of the target block, when the merge flag specifies that at least the motion vector of the inter prediction mode is inferred from the merging block, wherein the representative position is selected from a center of the collocated block and a position determined according to a corner of the collocated block, and information specifying whether the representative position is selected from the center of the collocated block or the position determined according to the corner of the collocated block is derived based on at least one of a second position of the collocated block and a size of the collocated block;
decoding a merge index specifying the merging block from the at least one neighboring block and the collocated block; and
deriving a first motion vector for the target block from any one of the first candidate motion vector and the second candidate motion vector according to the merge index.

US Pat. No. 10,511,840

IMAGE ENCODING DEVICE, IMAGE DECODING DEVICE, IMAGE ENCODING METHOD, IMAGE DECODING METHOD, AND IMAGE PREDICTION DEVICE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. An image decoding device comprising:an intra prediction unit for, when a coding mode for a coding block is an intra coding mode, carrying out an intra-frame prediction process on each of processing blocks to generate a prediction image, each of the processing blocks being the coding block or a sub-block obtained by dividing the coding block, wherein,
when an intra prediction parameter indicates a horizontal prediction process and a size of the processing block is less than a predetermined size, the intra prediction unit
adds, at each row within a predetermined number of a row or rows locating from an upper end of the processing block, a value to a signal value of a pixel adjacent to left of the processing block and sets a result of the addition as a predicted value of the prediction image, the value being proportional to an amount of change in a horizontal direction of signal values of pixels adjacent to top of the processing block, and
sets, at remaining rows of the processing block, a signal value of a pixel adjacent to left of the processing block as a predicted value of the prediction image, and
when the intra prediction parameter indicates the horizontal prediction process and the size of the processing block is greater than or equal to the predetermined size, the intra prediction unit sets the signal value of the pixel adjacent to left of the processing block as a predicted value of the prediction image.

US Pat. No. 10,511,826

3D IMAGE SENSOR MODULE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A three-dimensional (3D) image sensor device comprising:an optical shutter configured to vary a transmittance of reflective light reflected from a subject, according to a driving voltage of a sine wave biased with a first bias voltage, and modulate the reflective light to generate at least two optical modulation signals having different phases;
a shutter driver configured to generate the driving voltage through an energy exchange between an LC resonant circuit and the optical shutter, and provide the driving voltage to the optical shutter; and
an image sensor configured to output at least two electrical signals, each of which correspond to the at least two optical modulation signals, by units of frames.

US Pat. No. 10,511,813

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND/OR METHODS FOR LOGGING WRITING ACTIVITIES

1. A method comprising:causing an image or video to be transmitted to a database, the image or video transmitted from a body camera worn by a user, the image or video linked to detected writing of the user, the writing detected via a device worn on a hand of the user, the device worn on the hand of the user not comprised by the body camera, wherein the writing is automatically analyzed and information of the writing is linked to the image or video transmitted from the body camera worn by the user.

US Pat. No. 10,511,799

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:an image processor configured to execute first and second calculation processing for image data to output first and second processed data respectively, the first calculation processing being different from the second calculation processing; and
a data distribution circuitry configured to receive the first and second processed data, and to select one of a combination output format or a distribution output format to output the first and second processed data,
wherein, in the combination output format, the first and second processed data are combined, and
wherein, in the distribution output format, the first and second processed data are separated.

US Pat. No. 10,511,796

IMAGE SENSOR SYSTEM, ASSOCIATED READOUT CIRCUIT THEREOF AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. An image sensor system, comprising:an image sensor, wherein the image sensor comprises a plurality of diodes, and one of the plurality of diodes outputs a sensing current when a photon is detected;
a readout circuit, coupled to the image sensor, wherein the readout circuit is, arranged to selectively operates in at least a first mode and a second mode, and the readout circuit comprises:
a clamping circuit, arranged to generate a clamped signal, wherein the clamped signal is asserted as a pulse when the sensing current is received; and
a first logic circuit, coupled to the clamping circuit, arranged to execute a conversion operation upon the pulse and a control signal to generate a sensing signal;wherein the readout circuit counts a number of pulses in the sensing signal when operates in the first mode, and counts a length of time period between a first pulse in the clamped signal and a trigger time point of the control signal corresponding to the first pulse when operates in the second mode; anda timing control circuit, coupled to the readout circuit, wherein the timing control circuit is arranged to determine if a coding condition is fit according to an input signal and generate the control signal when the coding condition is fit, wherein the input signal includes a plurality of bits serially input to the timing control circuit, and each bit of the plurality of bits corresponds to each pulse of a clock signal respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,511,786

IMAGE ACQUISITION METHOD AND APPARATUS

FotoNation Limited, Galw...

1. A system comprising:one or more processors;
an image sensor;
memory comprising computer executable instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the system to perform operations comprising:
obtaining a first image via the image sensor based at least in part on a first exposure level;
identifying a first set of pixels of the first image based at least in part on a light thresholding curve and first intensities associated with the first set of pixels;
identifying a second set of pixels of the first image based at least in part on a dark threshold curve and second intensities associated with the second set of pixels;
determining an underexposure adjustment level based at least in part on the first set of pixels;
determining an overexposure adjustment level based at least in part on the second set of pixels;
obtaining, via the image sensor, a second image based at least in part on the underexposure adjustment level; and
obtaining, via the image sensor, a third image based at least in part on the overexposure adjustment level.

US Pat. No. 10,511,775

SHAKE DETECTION DEVICE AND SHAKE CORRECTION DEVICE OF IMAGING DEVICE, IMAGING DEVICE, AND SHAKE DETECTION METHOD

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A shake detection device of an imaging device comprising:a shake detection sensor that detects shake occurring in the imaging device;
a storage unit that stores a reference value corresponding to an output of the shake detection sensor in a case where the imaging device is in a stationary state;
a subtraction unit that subtracts the reference value from the output of the shake detection sensor;
a first filter that extracts a low frequency component from an output after the subtraction of the reference value using the subtraction unit;
a second filter that extracts a high frequency component from the output after the subtraction of the reference value using the subtraction unit;
a first determination unit that determines whether or not the imaging device is in a hand-held state and a fixed-point imaging state based on an output of the first filter and an output of the second filter;
a reference value shift amount calculation unit that calculates a reference value shift amount for the reference value based on the output of the first filter for a period during which the determination is performed in a case where the first determination unit determines that the imaging device is in the hand-held state and the fixed-point imaging state;
a correction unit that corrects the output after the subtraction of the reference value using the subtraction unit by using the reference value shift amount; and
a third filter that removes a low frequency noise from an output after the correction of the reference value shift amount.

US Pat. No. 10,511,767

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing device comprising:a display configured to be able to selectively display a multi-directional video; and
a data processing unit configured to execute video display control on a video to be output to the display,
wherein the data processing unit acquires video display control information regarding output video data, applies a video display scheme recorded in the video display control information, and executes a video display process,
wherein the video display control information includes designation information of a display scheme for converting a shot video into the multi-directional video using a central point of a virtual spherical surface as a reference point, and
wherein the data processing unit is implemented via at least one processor.

US Pat. No. 10,511,754

IMAGING APPARATUS, OPTICAL DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, VEHICLE, AND IMAGING-DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

Nidec Copal Corporation, ...

1. An imaging device comprising:a lens group;
a lens frame holding the lens group;
a lens frame holding member holding the lens frame;
an imaging element having an imaging surface;
a substrate to which the imaging element is fixed and attached to the lens holding member, the imaging element being mounted on a first side of the substrate;
a perpendicularity maintaining portion maintaining the optical axis of the lens group in a state that is perpendicular to the imaging surface of the imaging element through setting the position of the lens frame in relation to the imaging element; and
a conductive member disposed on a second side of the substrate, the second side opposite to the first side, the conductive member disposed at a position that corresponds to a peripheral edge portion of the imaging element,
wherein the lens frame comprises a main unit portion that is cylindrical, and, at one end portion in the cylinder axial direction of the main unit portion, a large-diameter portion that is perpendicular to the cylinder axis and that extends in a direction away from the cylinder axis, and the lens frame is disposed between the lens frame holding member and the substrate,
wherein the lens frame holding member has a lens frame holding portion provided with an opening to which the main body portion is fitted,
wherein the perpendicularity maintaining portion is disposed between an outer peripheral portion of the opening and the large diameter portion, and includes an elastic member that biases the perpendicularity surface in the optical axis direction so as to directly press the perpendicularity surface against the imaging surface.

US Pat. No. 10,511,752

IN-VEHICLE CAMERA

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An in-vehicle camera arranged at a windshield glass side in a compartment of a vehicle to capture front view images of the vehicle, the in-vehicle camera comprising:a lens of an optical unit through which front view images of a vehicle are captured;
a first board on which an imager is mounted, the imager converting the optical images obtained through the lens to image signals, the first board comprising a first surface and a second surface;
a second board on which a control circuit capable of performing an image processing of the optical images is mounted, the second board comprising a first surface and a second surface;
a casing configured to accommodate the first board and the second board, the casing comprising a first casing and a second casing, the first surface of the first board and the first surface of the second board being covered with the first casing, the first casing comprising a protruding part protruding at a rear side of the first casing so as to accommodate the optical unit and the first board, the protruding part comprising an opening through which the lens is exposed outward from the in-vehicle camera, the second surface of the first board and the second surface of the second board being covered with the second casing; and
a cable, through which the first board is electrically connected to the second board, being fixed to the first surface side of the first board and the first surface of the second board.

US Pat. No. 10,511,745

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a display that displays an image; and
a processor that causes the display to display a color presenting section that presents color-related information and a multilayer display section that displays a multilayer structure of color-related information selected from the color presenting section, wherein the multilayer structure of the color-related information includes a plurality of overlapping layers of the color-related information.

US Pat. No. 10,511,731

SMART GLASSES AND VIRTUAL OBJECTS IN AUGMENTED REALITY AND IMAGES

1. A mobile device enabled for wireless communication comprising:one or more image acquisition devices configured to capture a set of one or more images of an object;
one or more processors configured to assist with identifying the object as an identified object based on the set of one or more captured images of the object;
one or more displays that are configured to display one or more image entities that are associated with the identified object;
a virtual object displayed on the one or more displays within a field of view of the mobile device, wherein the field of view includes both the object and the virtual object; and
wherein one or more aspects within the field of view of the mobile device are enabled to be annotated.

US Pat. No. 10,511,707

VOICE COMMUNICATION METHOD

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a speaker;
a microphone;
one or more processors; and
memory storing one or more programs configured to be executed by the one or more processors, the one or more programs comprising instructions for:
while in a full-duplex live audio communication session with an external device, the full-duplex live audio communication session configured to transmit control signal data and separately transmit audio data:
receiving control signal data from the external device;
in response to receiving the control signal data:
issuing a perceptual notification; and
preventing audio input to the microphone from being enabled;
after a first predetermined time period since receiving the control signal data, receiving audio data from the external device; and
after a second predetermined time period since issuing the perceptual notification, outputting the audio data from the speaker.

US Pat. No. 10,511,705

METHOD, SYSTEM, AND DEVICE FOR NETWORK CONTROL

Alibaba Group Holding Lim...

1. A method, comprising:determining, by one or more processors, whether a target application is running in a foreground of a terminal, the target application being included in a set of target applications wherein the set of target applications is determined based at least in part on querying a mapping of applications to target speed-boost applications for one or more target speed-boost applications corresponding to the target application; and
in response to determining that the target application is running in the foreground, blocking or throttling, by the one or more processors, network communication for at least one application not included in the set of target applications.

US Pat. No. 10,511,698

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING HIDDEN REGION AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. An electronic device having a hidden region, wherein the electronic device comprises a display screen and the hidden region located in the display screen, wherein the display screen comprises a display layer and a dimming layer located below the display layer, wherein the hidden region comprises multiple functional elements, and the functional elements are disposed below the dimming layer, wherein when the dimming layer receives a first signal, a region of the dimming layer corresponding to the hidden region becomes transparent, and the functional elements are in a visible state, wherein when the light-adjusting receives a second signal, the region of the dimming layer corresponding to the hidden region becomes opaque, and the functional elements are in a hidden state, wherein the functional elements comprise one or a combination having several of a camera, an infra-red sensor, an iris camera, and an earpiece, wherein the functional elements are controlled to be at the visible state or the hidden state through a manual mode or an automatic mode, wherein each of the functional elements is individually hidden or visible, some of the functional elements are hidden or visible together, or all of the functional elements are hidden or visible together, wherein the region of the dimming layer corresponding to the hidden region is controlled to become transparent or opaque through electric control, temperature control, light control, or pressure control.

US Pat. No. 10,511,695

PACKET-LEVEL CLUSTERING FOR MEMORY-ASSISTED COMPRESSION OF NETWORK TRAFFIC

Georgia Tech Research Cor...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:vectorizing, by a processor, training data packets from compound information sources, the training data packets stored in a memory to provide vectorized training data packets;
clustering, by the processor, the training data packets into training data packet clusters based on a clustering algorithm, each training data packet cluster having a training data cluster classification defined by training data cluster parameters;
obtaining, by the processor, a sample data packet from one of the compound information sources, the sample data packet not being one of the training data packets;
determining, by the processor, a compressibility threshold of the sample data packet, wherein if the threshold is not met the sample data packet is not compressible and not stored in memory, and wherein if the threshold is met the sample data packet is compressible and stored in memory;
extracting, by the processor, source statistics from the compressible sample data packet, wherein the source statistics are based at least in part on the compound information source of the compressible sample data packet;
storing, in the memory, memorized context of the source statics;
identifying, by the processor, one of the training data packet cluster from among the training data packet clusters based on the memorized context of the source statics of the compressible sample data packet, and updating the training data cluster parameters of the identified training data packet cluster upon addition of the compressible sample data packet to the identified training data packet cluster; and
compressing, by the processor and based at least in part on the identified training data packet cluster, the sample data packet using a compression algorithm to provide a compressed sample data packet, the compressed sample data packet having a compressed packet body.

US Pat. No. 10,511,682

GROUP RESOURCE UPDATING PROCESSING METHODS, DEVICES AND SYSTEM, AND CSES

1. A group resource updating processing method, comprising:creating a group resource of a preset group, wherein group members corresponding to the group resource comprise a member representative configured to represent the group members;
receiving, from a remote Common Services Entity (CSE), a group resource updating request for performing an updating operation on the group members corresponding to the group resource; and
feeding back, according to the group resource updating request, to the remote CSE an updating operation result of the member representative as updating operation results of all the group members corresponding to the group resource;
before feeding back, according to the group resource updating request, to the remote CSE the updating operation result of the member representative as the updating operation results of all the group members corresponding to the group resource, further comprising:
updating a result content attribute in the group resource updating request to be null;
distributing the group resource updating request in which the result content attribute is updated to be null to ordinary members except the member representative in the group members corresponding to the group resource; and
aggregating updating operation response messages of the ordinary members, wherein the updating operation response messages only contain identification codes indicating whether the updating operation succeeds or not.

US Pat. No. 10,511,679

METHOD OF DETERMINING AND TRANSMITTING POTENTIALLY VIRAL MEDIA ITEMS BASED ON THE VELOCITY MEASURE OF ANOTHER MEDIA ITEM EXCEEDING A VELOCITY THRESHOLD SET FOR THAT TYPE OF MEDIA ITEM

MASHABLE, INC., New York...

1. A method comprising:determining, at a server, a velocity measure for a first media content based on a determined change in an engagement rate for the first media content, wherein the engagement rate of the velocity measure is weighted based on an attribute of the first media content;
determining, at the server, that the velocity measure for the first media content exceeds a velocity threshold that is dynamically determined based on a type of the first media content, wherein different types of media content have different velocity thresholds; and
transmitting, by the server, a second media content that is selected from a plurality of scanned media sources, wherein the second media content is selected based on the first media content and based on the determining that the velocity measure for the first media content exceeds the velocity threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,511,675

ENDPOINT RESOLUTION SERVICE FOR MOBILE APPLICATIONS ACCESSING WEB SERVICES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A non-transitory computer-readable medium storing instructions executable to perform an operation for selecting service endpoints for a first mobile application on a mobile computing device, the operation comprising:receiving, from the first mobile application on the mobile computing device, and by a global endpoint resolution service having a global service endpoint, a request for a regional service endpoint for a desired web service available from one or more cloud computing regions of a plurality of cloud computing regions, the request including an identifier associated with the first mobile application, wherein the first mobile application was deployed without requiring a static binding between the desired web service and the regional service endpoint, wherein the first mobile application has a region configuration specifying for the desired web service to be dynamically selected by the global endpoint resolution service;
determining a location of the mobile computing device by operation of one or more computer processors when executing the instructions and based on at least a network address of the mobile computing device identified in the request;
dynamically selecting, by evaluating a proximity criterion based on both the determined location and the region configuration of the first mobile application, a regional service endpoint referencing a cloud computing regions hosting the desired web service; and
returning, in response to the request, a response specifying the selected regional service endpoint to the first mobile application, wherein the first mobile application is configured to access the desired web service via the selected regional service endpoint, the desired web service returning a result that is output via the first mobile application;
wherein a given mobile application, selected from the first mobile application and a second mobile application, includes a region configuration setting that specifies a static binding between a specified web service and a desired regional service endpoint, wherein the given mobile application is configured to access the specified web service via the desired regional service endpoint and without requiring the desired regional service endpoint to be dynamically selected by the global endpoint resolution service.

US Pat. No. 10,511,674

GESTURE BASED SWITCHING OF VIRTUAL DESKTOP CLIENTS

VMware, Inc., Palo Alto,...

1. A method for migrating a presentation of a virtual desktop session having a state from a source client device to a desired destination client device, comprising:receiving, by a computing device of a virtual desktop infrastructure host system that is separate from the source client device and the destination client device, a switch session request from a user of the source client device to switch a presented virtual desktop of the user running on a remotely hosted virtual machine from presentation on the source client device to presentation on another client device, the switch session request triggered in response to a user touch gesture detected on the source client device by a user of the source client device;
in response to the switch session request, identifying, by the computing device, a list of one or more potential destination client devices associated with the user based on an identity of the user of the source client device;
selecting, by the computing device, a particular destination client device from the list of potential destination client devices;
initiating, by the computing device, a launch request for the virtual desktop being switched to the particular destination client device, the launch request including user credentials and an identifier of the session of the virtual desktop running on the remotely hosted virtual machine, to be presented on the destination client device;
disconnecting, by the computing device, the virtual desktop session from the source client device; and
establishing, by the computing device, a connection between the virtual desktop session and the particular destination client device when the launch request is accepted and the credentials are received from the particular destination client device, wherein the virtual desktop session provided for presentation on the particular destination client device has the state of the virtual desktop session of the source client device.

US Pat. No. 10,511,670

TECHNIQUES FOR PROVIDING AUTHENTICATION INFORMATION TO EXTERNAL AND EMBEDDED WEB BROWSERS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method for enabling a client application executing on a remote computing device to access content hosted by a content provider, the method comprising, at an authentication server:receiving, from the client application, a first request to access the content, wherein the first request includes an authorization token; and
in response to validating the authorization token:
generating a content uniform resource locator (URL) for accessing the content, wherein the content URL references the content;
issuing, to a web server associated with the content provider, a second request for an authentication URL;
receiving, from the web server, the authentication URL, wherein the authentication URL is associated with a session ID and a session cookie that are generated by the web server; and
providing the authentication URL and the content URL to the client application, wherein the client application, in conjunction with receiving the authentication URL and the content URL, causes a web browser executing on the remote computing device to:
(1) obtain the session cookie from the web server in response to the web server validating the authentication URL and the session ID, wherein the session cookie includes authentication information that enables the content to be accessed via the content URL, and
(2) access the content from the web server by way of the content URL and the session cookie.

US Pat. No. 10,511,661

N-WAY SYNCHRONIZATION OF DESKTOP IMAGES

VMware, Inc., Palo Alto,...

1. A method for synchronizing a desktop image across a plurality of endpoints connected to a server, comprising:cloning one or more layers of a centralized virtual desktop (CVD) data object located on the server to each of the plurality of endpoints, wherein not all the layers of the CVD data object are cloned to at least one endpoint, the CVD data object comprising a plurality of layers corresponding to the desktop image including a user files layer, a user applications layer, and a base image layer including an operating system;
at a first endpoint, receiving an update to a target layer of the CVD cloned on the first endpoint;
uploading the update from the first endpoint to the CVD on the server; and
maintaining synchronization of the desktop image across the plurality of endpoints by downloading the updates from the CVD data object on the server to one or more of the remaining endpoints in the plurality of endpoints to which the target layer was cloned, and merging the update on the cloned target layer on each of the one or more of the remaining endpoints.

US Pat. No. 10,511,657

DYNAMICALLY DISTRIBUTING PROCESSING AMONG NODES IN A WIRELESS MESH NETWORK

1. A system, comprising:a first node capable of collecting data related to an operation of an electrical grid at a premises; and
a second node connected to the first node via a wireless mesh network and capable of providing analytic services to a plurality of nodes connected via the wireless mesh network, the second node being topologically located in a layer below a root node of the wireless mesh network,
wherein the first node is configured for:
determining that it requires services of another node to perform an analysis using the collected data; and
in response to determining that it requires services of another node to analyze the collected data, sending a service request to the second node to request analytic services, the service request further comprising the collected data; and
wherein the second node is configured for in response to receiving the service request, providing the analytic services by performing an analysis using the collected data; and
returning, via the wireless mesh network, a response message to the first node, the response message comprising a result of the analysis that indicates a status of a component of the electrical grid that is associated with the first node.

US Pat. No. 10,511,655

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REDUCING POWER CONSUMPTION IN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

16. A method for providing an internet protocol (IP) multimedia subsystem (IMS) service in an electronic device comprising a first processor for executing a first IMS protocol stack and a second processor for executing a second IMS protocol stack, the method comprising:determining whether to provide a communication service; and
when determining to provide the communication service, providing an IMS service associated with voice communication data using the second processor,
wherein the first processor comprises an application processor (AP) for processing a multimedia service,
wherein the second processor comprises one of a communication processor (CP), a modem processor (MP), and a baseband processor (BP) for processing a cellular communication service,
wherein when the second processor provides the IMS service associated with the voice communication data, a data router included in the second processor transmits the voice communication data to a transmission control protocol (TCP/IP) of the second processor or receives the voice communication data from the TCP/IP of the second processor, and
wherein when the first processor provides an IMS service associated with multimedia data including video data, the data router transmits the multimedia data to a TCP/IP of the first processor or receives the multimedia data from the TCP/IP of the first processor.

US Pat. No. 10,511,654

COLLABORATIVE PHONE-BASED FILE EXCHANGE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

20. A computer-implemented process for synchronizing files between a mobile computing device and a first computing device, comprising:determining whether a file sharing download service is enabled on the mobile computing device, wherein the file sharing download service allows multiple concurrent users to share files on a second computing device on which sharing is enabled;
if the file sharing download service is enabled on the mobile computing device, receiving file modifications, deletions and additions for files on the mobile computing device from the second computing device;
determining whether a sync service that maintains a trusted synced relationship between the mobile computing device and the first computing device is enabled on the mobile computing device and on the first computing device;
if the sync service is enabled on both the mobile computing device and the first computing device, automatically synchronizing the files on the mobile computing device with the files on the first computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,511,652

RECOMMENDING POSTS TO NON-SUBSCRIBING USERS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:programmatically determining, using a server system, an author score for a post author, wherein the author score is based on user scores of one or more following authors that follow the post author and one or more of a quantity of comments that posts authored by the post author have received, a quality of comments that the posts authored by the post author have received, or a quantity of likes that the posts authored by the post author have received, wherein the author score is increased if posts authored by the post author have received comments that have a longer average length than an average comment length of the user comments, or if posts authored by the post author have received a quantity of likes from unique users that is greater than an average quantity of likes from unique users received on posts, or wherein the author score is further based on an amount of interaction between the post author and at least one of the one or more following authors, wherein a boost to the author score for the post author based on the user score of the at least one of the one or more following authors is higher than a boost of an author score of a different author based on the user score of the at least one of the one or more of the following authors if the at least one of the one or more following authors communicates more with the post author than with the different author, wherein the different author is followed by the at least one of the one or more following authors;
receiving, at the server system, an additional post submitted by the post author using a computing device;
assigning, using the server system, a post score to the additional post based on the author score of the post author, wherein the post score for the additional post is weighted based on post content of the additional post being topically relevant to previous content that the one or more following authors previously viewed and one or more of user comments for the additional post, content of the user comments for the additional post, or a quantity of user likes for the additional post;
determining, using the server system, whether the post score meets a predetermined threshold; and
transmitting, from the server system, the additional post to one or more computing devices associated with the one or more following authors when the post score meets the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,511,649

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EFFICIENTLY PRIORITIZING ELEMENTS IN A VIDEO STREAM FOR LOW-BANDWIDTH TRANSMISSION

Pelco, Inc., Clovis, CA ...

1. A method for prioritizing packets from a plurality of different content sources in a communications network, the method comprising:at each content source from the plurality of different content sources, mapping content to a content identifier according to a content type of the content, the content including a representation of a real-world article, the content type indicating substantive subject matter contained within audio, image or video data of the content;
at each content source, assigning the content identifier as a function of the content type of the content in a packet of a packet stream on a packet-by-packet basis; and
at each content source, forwarding the content identifier in a codec-neutral format in a Real-Time Protocol (RTP) header extension with the packet across the network to enable a downstream network node which is independent of the content sources receiving the packet to effect prioritization of the packet received within the packet stream, irrespective of codec type, by extracting the content identifier forwarded in the codec-neutral format from the packet received to determine the priority for the packet according to a content mapping table including mappings between content types, content identifiers and priorities,
wherein each content identifier includes a respective field specifying a respective version of the content identifier;
at the downstream network node, extracting content identifiers from the packets generated from the different content sources, wherein a priority is assigned to each extracted content identifier according to the content mapping table, the assigning of a priority to each extracted content identifier including decoding the respective version included in each extracted content identifier;
at the downstream network node, determining drop or forward actions for the packets prioritized based on the assigned priority values.

US Pat. No. 10,511,643

MANAGING USER IMMERSION LEVELS AND NOTIFICATIONS OF CONFERENCE ACTIVITIES

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system, comprising:one or more processing units; and
a computer-readable medium having encoded thereon computer-executable instructions to cause the one or more processing units to:
receive an indication of content of interest to associate with a user account;
process conference data corresponding to one or more streams of a conference session to:
generate transcribed speech instances corresponding to the conference session, and
identify activity occurring during the conference session with respect to the content of interest;
in response to identifying the activity occurring during the conference session with respect to the content of interest, transmit a notification of the activity to a client device that is associated with the user account and that is rendering the transcribed speech instances as a text-stream of participant contributions during the conference session in accordance with a first immersion level, wherein the participant contributions correspond to at least one of: audibly spoken words of participants of the conference session, or written messages that are transmitted by the participants of the conference session, and wherein the notification causes the client device to render at least one user interface element that is selectable to switch the client device between at least the first immersion level and a second immersion level with respect to the conference session;
receive a control signal corresponding to activation of the at least one user interface element, the control signal indicating a selection of the second immersion level; and
in response to the control signal, cause the client device to play at least one of a live audio-stream or a live video-stream of the conference session in accordance with the second immersion level.

US Pat. No. 10,511,632

INCREMENTAL SECURITY POLICY DEVELOPMENT FOR AN ENTERPRISE NETWORK

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system for prompting incremental security policy development for an enterprise network, the system comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory in communication with the at least one processor, the at least one memory having computer-readable instructions stored thereupon that, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to:
obtain security policy data defining access permissions for a plurality of computing resources with respect to an enterprise data resource;
analyze a data request to identify a particular computing resource that is requesting access to the enterprise data resource, wherein the particular computing resource is a uniquely identifiable application or device that enables a user to at least one of view data files or manipulate the data files;
determine that the security policy data lacks both:
particular access permissions that expressly permit the particular computing resource to access the enterprise data resource, and
particular access restrictions that expressly restrict the particular computing resource from accessing the enterprise data resource;
in response to the security policy data lacking both the particular access permissions and the particular access restrictions, cause an entry that identifies the particular computing resource to be added to a policy learning log to indicate that the security policy data lacks both of the particular access permissions and the particular access restrictions for the particular computing resource with respect to the enterprise data resource; and
provide a policy gap notification that corresponds to the entry to a policy management service, wherein the policy gap notification is configured to prompt policy adjudication associated with the particular access permissions for the particular computing resource with respect to the enterprise data resource.

US Pat. No. 10,511,625

IDENTIFYING A POTENTIAL DDOS ATTACK USING STATISTICAL ANALYSIS

Level 3 Communications, L...

1. A method comprising:one or more processors performing the steps of:
receiving a first set of records of requests for target objects of a network resource;
analyzing the first set of records to determine a primary identifier for each record, the first set of records having a plurality of different primary identifiers;
for each primary identifier of the plurality of different primary identifiers:
determining a request number of requests in the first set of records that match one or more criteria, the one or more criteria including at least one of: i) the request having the primary identifier, and ii) the request being for a particular target object of the network resource;
creating a histogram having a plurality of counters, each counter corresponding to a specified number of requests and storing a count of different primary identifiers having a corresponding request number be the specified number of requests;
identifying one or more outlier primary identifiers having the request number exceed a threshold, the threshold being based on the standard deviation of the histogram;
analyzing the records of requests matching the one or more outlier primary identifiers to determine whether the requests are part of an attack on the network resource; and
adding at least one of an outlier primary identifier and the particular target object to a bad list when requests corresponding to the outlier primary identifier are part of an attack on the network resource.

US Pat. No. 10,511,613

KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER SYSTEM FOR ACCELERATING INVARIANT NETWORK LEARNING

NEC Corporation, (JP)

1. A computer-implemented method executed on a processor for implementing a knowledge transfer based model for accelerating invariant network learning, the method comprising:generating an invariant network from data streams, the invariant network representing an enterprise information network including a plurality of nodes representing entities;
employing a multi-relational based entity estimation model for transferring the entities from a source domain graph to a target domain graph by filtering irrelevant entities from the source domain graph;
employing a reference construction model for determining differences between the source and target domain graphs, and constructing unbiased dependencies between the entities to generate a target invariant network; and
outputting the generated target invariant network on a user interface of a computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,511,610

LOCATION BASED TRUSTED COMPUTING NODES IN A CLOUD COMPUTING ARCHITECTURE

FRANCE BREVETS, Paris (F...

10. A method of operating a collection of computing nodes, one or more of the computing nodes comprising:a central processing unit (CPU);
a secure hardware processing unit, configured to execute one or more of an authentication, an encryption or a decryption functions;
an access to position data of a computing node of the one or more computing nodes, said position data obtained from a localization unit comprising one or more global navigation satellite system receivers localized at the computing node;
the secure hardware processing unit being configured to produce a locstamp derived from the position data and an ID stamp of the computing node;
the computing node being configured to generate a secure location message comprising the locstamp and the ID stamp;
said method comprising making available at a scheduler an information representative of the secure location message via a communication network; receiving an in-bound data stream defining a computing task from said scheduler via said communication network, and executing said computing task by the computing node; comparing the ID stamp and the locstamp in the secure location message with ID data and location data of the computing node in a registry of trusted computing nodes; determining a trust score of the computing node and using the determined trust score of the computing node as a constraint of allocation of tasks at said scheduler; receiving an in-bound data stream defining said computing task from said scheduler via said communication network, and executing said computing task by the computing node.

US Pat. No. 10,511,606

METHOD OF DISCOVERING AND MODELING ACTOR AND ASSET RELATIONSHIPS ACROSS A CLOUD ECOSYSTEM

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method of facilitating identification of ownership of assets, the method comprising:identifying an asset, wherein assets are items capable of being owned;
identifying one or more actors, wherein an actor of the one or more actors is an entity capable of owning assets;
identifying interactions between the asset and the one or more actors;
identifying characteristics of the asset and the one or more actors;
applying a decay factor to the identified interactions between the asset and the one or more actors, the decay factor causing a reduction in a significance of the identified interactions over time, the decay factor causing at least one of an exponential, logarithmic, polynomial, or linear decay of the significance of the identified interactions, wherein the decay is selected based on the characteristics of the asset and the one or more actors;
producing an asset ownership score for each of the one or more actors based on the identified interactions and the decay factor; and
providing the asset ownership scores to an entity in a fashion that allows the entity to identify a comparative likelihood that the one or more actors are potential owners of the asset.

US Pat. No. 10,511,598

TECHNOLOGIES FOR DYNAMIC LOADING OF INTEGRITY PROTECTED MODULES INTO SECURE ENCLAVES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A computing device for secure enclave execution, the computing device comprising:a secure execution module to (i) execute an enclave entry point that is loaded within a secure enclave, wherein the secure enclave comprises a trusted execution environment that is established with secure enclave support of a processor of the computing device, and wherein the enclave entry point is associated with an executable image that is divided into a plurality of chunks, and (ii) access, in response to execution of the enclave entry point, a first virtual memory location within the secure enclave that is assigned to a first chunk of the executable image, wherein the first chunk is not loaded in the secure enclave;
a memory management module to generate a page fault in response to the access of the first virtual memory location assigned to the first chunk of the executable image; and
a secure loader module to (i) invoke an exception handler within the secure enclave in response to generation of the page fault, (ii) copy the first chunk to a secure buffer within the secure enclave in response to generation of the page fault, (iii) verify, by the secure enclave in response to invocation of the exception handler and in response to copying of the first chunk to the secure buffer, the first chunk based on a hash tree, wherein the hash tree includes a plurality of leaf nodes and a root value, wherein each of the plurality of leaf nodes corresponds to a hash value corresponding to a chunk of the executable image, and wherein the root value is integrity-protected and (iv) accept the first chunk of the executable image into the secure enclave in response to successful verification of the first chunk, wherein to accept the first chunk comprises to allow execution of the first chunk by the secure enclave support of the processor.

US Pat. No. 10,511,594

VERIFICATION INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD AND DEVICE

Alibaba Group Holding Lim...

1. A system, comprising:one or more processors configured to:
receive a message at a device;
extract verification information for authenticating a user of an application from the message, including to:
obtain a sender code associated with the message from the message;
determine a message template associated with the sender code based at least in part on pre-stored mapping relationships; and
extract the verification information included in the message based at least in part on comparing the message to the message template;
present the verification information at a verification information input interface at the device; and
perform authentication of the user locally at the device using the verification information or send the verification information via the verification information input interface to an authentication server associated with the application to authenticate the user; and
one or more memories coupled to the one or more processors and configured to provide instructions to the one or more processors.

US Pat. No. 10,511,591

GENERATION OF SHARED SECRETS USING PAIRWISE IMPLICIT CERTIFICATES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:obtaining, at a first entity, an implicit certificate associated with a communication channel between the first entity and a second entity;
deriving, from the implicit certificate, a first private key associated with the first entity and a second public key associated with the second entity;
obtaining a first private static key based at least in part on a distribution;
determining a first difference based at least in part on the first private static key, a domain polynomial associated with a ring of integers, the first private key, and a first public key associated with the first entity;
providing the first difference to the second entity;
obtaining, from the second entity, a second difference that is based at least in part on a second private static key associated with the second entity, the domain polynomial associated with the ring of integers, a second private key associated with the second entity, and a second public key associated with the second entity;
determining a second static public key from the second public key and the second difference; and
generating a shared key based at least in part on the second public static key and the first private static key.

US Pat. No. 10,511,534

STATELESS DISTRIBUTED LOAD-BALANCING

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by a load-balancer, a first packet from a source device, the first packet comprising a request to access a service provided by a server coupled to the load-balancer;
determining, by the load-balancer, a load for each of a plurality of servers, each of the plurality of servers is associated with a unique set of sequence numbers; and
forwarding the request to a target server selected from among the plurality of servers based on the load for each of the plurality of servers, the request configured to cause the target server to issue a reply to the source device, the reply comprising a sequence number selected from the unique set of sequence numbers corresponding with the target server,
wherein
the load-balancer includes a table associating each of the plurality of servers with its corresponding unique set of sequence numbers.

US Pat. No. 10,511,530

RETURN-LINK ROUTING IN A HYBRID NETWORK

ViaSat, Inc., Carlsbad, ...

1. A method for routing signals in a hybrid network, the method comprising:receiving return-link data at a user terminal routing system from consumer premises equipment, the return-link data indicating an associated destination node for the return-link data,
the user terminal routing system communicatively coupled with a plurality of networks having different network characteristics and comprising a routing table populated according to forward-link communications received by the user terminal routing system from a at least one of the plurality of networks, such that the routing table has, stored thereon, a plurality of mappings, each between a respective one of a plurality of routing table entries and one of the plurality of networks, each routing table entry identifying at least a forward-link content source (FLCS) identifier;
identifying one of the mappings in the routing table as having the routing table entry that identifies the FLCS identifier that corresponds to the destination node associated with the return-link data; and
routing the return-link data over one of the plurality of networks according to the identified one of the mappings for the FLCS identifier corresponding to the return-link data.

US Pat. No. 10,511,498

MONITORING AND ANALYSIS OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN NETWORK ENDPOINTS

Infoblox Inc., Santa Cla...

1. A system for monitoring and analysis of interactions between network endpoints, comprising:a processor configured to:
collect Domain Name System (DNS) response data from a network device, comprising to:
identify DNS responses from the network device that match User Datagram Protocol (UDP) port 53;
determine network endpoint interactions based on an analysis of the DNS response data, comprising to:
identify and group the network endpoint interactions to obtain various groups of activities based on the following:
initialize a first node in a set of nodes with a first label, each node of the set of node having a unique label;
identify a maximum number of neighbors of the first node having a same label, the same label corresponding to a second node, the second node being different from the first node;
change the first label to a second label; and
group a second node with the first node to obtain a first group, the second node having the same label as the first node;
determine whether anomalous network activity has occurred based on a comparison of a first number of groups of network endpoint interactions for a first period of time and a second number of groups of network endpoint interactions for a second period of time, the first period of time being different from the second period of time, wherein to determine whether the anomalous network activity has occurred comprises to:
compare the first number of groups and the second number of groups to obtain a difference; and
in response to a determination that the difference satisfies a threshold, determine that the anomalous network activity has occurred;
in response to determination that the anomalous network activity has occurred, perform a remedial action on an enterprise network; and
generate a graph corresponding to the network endpoint interactions; and
a memory coupled to the processor and configured to provide the processor with instructions.

US Pat. No. 10,511,489

STORAGE OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDING APPARATUS, STORAGE OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE PROVIDING METHOD, AND STORAGE OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A storage operational management service providing apparatus that provides one or more operational management services to a plurality of storage apparatuses of a plurality of user sites via a communication network, the apparatus comprising:a processor;
a memory storing instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
classify the plurality of storage apparatuses of the plurality of user sites on the basis of use states of the plurality of storage apparatuses,
generate at least one group including two or more storage apparatuses of the plurality of storage apparatuses,
detect, out of the two or more storage apparatuses that constitute the group, a first storage apparatus that is inferior in terms of a predetermined index and a second storage apparatus that is superior to the first storage apparatus in terms of the predetermined index,
extract a difference service which is not presently applied to the first storage apparatus and which is presently applied to the second storage apparatus,
determine a time at which the difference service was started to be applied to the second storage apparatus,
determine whether the predetermined index of the second storage apparatus improved after the time at which the difference service was started to be applied to the second storage apparatus, and
upon determining that the predetermined index of the second storage apparatus improved after the time at which the difference service was started to be applied to the second storage apparatus, output an introduction effect report indicating an improvement of the predetermined index of the second storage apparatus after the time at which the difference service was applied to the second storage apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,511,488

DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING INTEGRITY VERIFICATION BASED ON DISTRIBUTED DELEGATOR

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A system for performing an integrity verification of an integrity of devices in a network, the system comprising:a remote device management server;
a plurality of individual devices comprising a first individual device and a second individual device which being connected with the remote device management server via the network, wherein
the first individual device is targeted as a verification target device of the plurality of individual devices;
the second individual device is selected as a verification delegator and configured to verify an integrity of the verification target device of the plurality of individual devices; and
in response to detection of a remote device management server selects the second individual device of the plurality of individual devices as a verification delegator, the remote device management server is configured to receive a result of integrity verification of the first individual device, the integrity verification being performed by the second individual device,
wherein the second individual device is configured to exchange challenge-response data with other individual devices to obtain agreements on the selection of the verification delegator, when the second individual device satisfies a condition of a verification delegator candidate,
wherein each of the other individual devices is configured to transmit agreement to the remote device management server,
wherein the remote device management server is configured to select the second individual device as the verification delegator when the remote device management server receives a predetermined number or more of agreements from the other individual devices,
wherein the second individual device as the verification delegator is configured to collect secret information from the other individual devices, the secret information being internally generated from the other individual devices, to restore the collected secret information to generate a challenge data based on the secret information and to verify the integrity of the verification target device using the challenge data,
wherein the second individual device satisfies the condition of the verification delegator candidate when a first value equal to or greater than a second value,
wherein the first value is randomly generated by the second individual device and is in a range between a minimum value and a maximum value of an output value of a verification delegator determination function, the output value being determined using the following equation:
T=CF(r),
wherein the output value T is generated by using a round value (r) as an input of a verification delegator determination function CF, and
wherein the second value is generated by the second individual device and is an output value of the verification delegator determination function with a round timer value of the second individual device as an input value, and
wherein the second individual device transmits the challenge data to the first individual device which is a verification target device in a form of nonce, and verifies an integrity of the first individual device by checking a response of the first individual device.

US Pat. No. 10,511,481

OPTIMIZING APPLICATION CONFIGURATIONS IN A PROVIDER NETWORK

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of computing resources in a multi-tenant provider network, wherein the computing resources include a plurality of virtual compute instances, and wherein the plurality of virtual compute instances correspond to a plurality of instance types; and
one or more computing devices comprising one or more processors and memory and configured to implement a configuration recommendation service, wherein the configuration recommendation service is configured to:
determine an application description for execution of an application, wherein the application description comprises one or more computational characteristics of the execution of the application;
perform automated analysis of a plurality of potential configurations of the computing resources for the execution of the application based at least in part on the application description, wherein the automated analysis comprises scoring at least a portion of the potential configurations of the computing resources for the execution of the application based at least in part on a scoring function;
determine a recommended configuration of the computing resources for the execution of the application based at least in part on the automated analysis of the plurality of potential configurations of the computing resources for the execution of the application, wherein the recommended configuration comprises a type and number of the computing resources in the multi-tenant provider network, including an instance type and number of the virtual compute instances; and
deploy and execute the application in the multi-tenant provider network using the recommended configuration based at least in part on acceptance of the recommended configuration by a client associated with the application.

US Pat. No. 10,511,466

CODING AND MODULATION APPARATUS USING MULTI-DIMENSIONAL NON-UNIFORM CONSTELLATION

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A coding and modulation apparatus comprising:an encoder configured to encode input data into cell words, and
a modulator configured to modulate said cell words into constellation values of a non-uniform constellation and to assign bit combinations to constellation values of the used non-uniform constellation,
wherein said modulator is configured to use, based on the total number M of constellation points of the constellation, the signal-to-noise ratio SNR in dB and the number n of the dimension of the constellation, an n-dimensional non-uniform constellation from a group of constellations, wherein each constellation point of an n-dimensional constellation diagram is defined by an n-tupel of constellation values, said n-tupel of constellation values defining parameter settings of a transmission parameter used by a transmission apparatus for transmitting a transmission stream obtained by conversion of said constellation values, and
wherein said n-tupel of constellation values defines n different symbols coded in time frequency space, wavelengths, polarizations and/or spreading codes used for transmitting the transmission stream.

US Pat. No. 10,511,455

TIME SENSITIVE NETWORKING CONTROL CIRCUITRY

XILINX, INC., San Jose, ...

1. A method comprising:configuring respective gate states of a plurality of gate control circuits by a list execution circuit based on a current gate control list that specifies a sequence of operations, wherein each operation specifies the gate states of the plurality of gate control circuits, respectively;
transmitting from a cycle timer circuit to the list execution circuit, a timing signal that signals to start a gating cycle;
receiving a new gate control list by a list configuration circuit;
establishing the new gate control list as the current gate control list by the list configuration circuit; and
transmitting an initial cycle start signal directly from the list configuration circuit to the list execution circuit and bypassing the cycle timer circuit, in response to completion of establishing the new gate control list as the current gate control list.

US Pat. No. 10,511,444

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VERIFYING BLOCK DATA IN A BLOCKCHAIN

Alibaba Group Holding Lim...

1. A computer-implemented method for verifying block data, the computer-implemented method comprising:identifying newly added data to be stored in a blockchain;
selecting, from a block comprising a plurality of data nodes, a data node configured to store the newly added data;
determining whether the selected data node comprises data associated with the newly added data; and
in response to determining that the selected data node does not comprise data associated with the newly added data:
generating a first character string corresponding to the newly added data;
determining a first verification value of the newly added data for the selected data node by executing a predetermined algorithm on the first character string;
calculating a second updated verification value of the selected data node based on the first verification value of the newly added data; and
determining a third verification value of the block based on the second updated verification value of the selected data node and original second verification values of other data nodes of the block, wherein the third verification value of the block is used to verify whether data stored in the block is consistent with data stored in other blocks in a blockchain.

US Pat. No. 10,511,443

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CRYPTOGRAPHIC AUTHENTICATION OF CONTACTLESS CARDS

CAPITAL ONE SERVICES, LLC...

1. A data transmission system comprising:a transmitting device having a processor and memory, the memory of the transmitting device containing a diversified master key, transmission data and a counter value;
an application comprising instructions for execution on a receiving device having a processor and memory, the memory of the receiving device containing the master key;
wherein the transmitting device is configured to:
generate a diversified key using the diversified master key, one or more cryptographic algorithms, and the counter value,
generate a cryptographic result including the counter value using the one or more cryptographic algorithms and the diversified key,
encrypt the transmission data using the one or more cryptographic algorithms and the diversified key to yield encrypted transmission data, and
transmit the cryptographic result and encrypted transmission data to the application; and
wherein the application is configured to:
generate an authentication diversified key based on the master key and a unique identifier;
generate a session key based on the authentication diversified key and the cryptographic result;
decrypt the encrypted transmission data and validate the received cryptographic result using the one or more cryptographic algorithms and the diversified key; and
notify the transmitting device of the successful decryption and validation;
wherein, upon receipt of the notification, the transmitting device is configured to transmit reward data to the application, and
wherein the application is configured to generate a code to reset at least one selected from the group of expiring coupons and promotions.

US Pat. No. 10,511,441

METHODS OF PROVIDING A HASH VALUE, AND OF DERIVING A TIME STAMP FOR A PIECE OF DATA, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, SERVER, NETWORK NODE AND COMPUTER PROGRAMS

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method of a client for providing a plurality of hash values for a plurality of pieces of data, where each of the hash values is a basis for deriving a time stamp for a respective one of the pieces of data upon verification, the method comprising:operating the client in an upper layer timestamping system that dictates a size of a global time slot that corresponds to an index;
deriving a plurality of one-time signing keys (OTSKs) of a OTSK hash chain, wherein the number of OTSKs is equal to a number of leafs of a time fraction hash tree located at a server, wherein the time fraction hash tree provides a basis for splitting the global time slot into time fractions such that the global time slot is divided into a number of fractions according to the number of leafs of the time fraction hash tree;
forming a plurality of hash values by, for each respective one of the plurality of pieces of data, associating each of the pieces of data with a respective one of the fractions of the global time slot, and applying a respective one of the OTSKs for the fraction for the respective piece of data to calculate a hash value of the respective piece of data; and
transmitting the plurality of hash values to the server for deriving a time stamp to be used when creating signatures for all fractions of the global time slot,
wherein:
each respective one of the OTSKs comprises a respective value of a hash chain that comprises a plurality of values bound by a root of a hash tree on top of a sequence formed by the plurality of OTSKs.

US Pat. No. 10,511,440

METHODS OF PROVING VALIDITY AND DETERMINING VALIDITY, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, SERVER AND COMPUTER PROGRAMS

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

13. A server comprising processing circuitry arranged to issue a time stamp signature, wherein the processing circuitry is arranged to perform:receiving a message from an electronic device, the message including a hash value of a private one-time signing key, an identity associated with the electronic device and a hash path of the hash value to a public root hash of a hash tree on top of a sequence formed by a plurality of one-time signing keys including the private one-time signing key;
determining that a first check is fulfilled when the hash value corresponds to the private one-time signing key for the public root hash of a hash tree included in a public certificate associated with the identity;
determining that a second check is fulfilled when an index corresponding to the hash path from the private one-time signing key to the public root hash corresponds to a correct time slot;
determining that the electronic device is proven to be in possession of the correct one-time signing key when the first and second checks are fulfilled; and
providing a service to the electronic device only when the electronic device is proven to be in possession of the correct one-time signing key,
wherein:
determining that the first check is fulfilled when the hash value corresponds to the private one-time signing key for the public root hash of the hash tree included in the public certificate associated with the identity comprises checking whether the received hash path is a hash path from the received hash value to the public root hash of the hash tree included in the public certificate associated with the identity; and
the private one-time signing key comprises a value of a hash chain comprising values bound by a root of a hash tree on top of a sequence formed by a plurality of one-time signing keys, wherein the root of the hash tree corresponds to the public root hash.

US Pat. No. 10,511,439

METHOD FOR IMPLEMENTING ENCRYPTED CLIENT-SERVER COMMUNICATION

VOLKSWAGEN AG, (DE)

1. A method for implementing an encrypted client-server communication between a server and a transportation vehicle client, wherein the server comprises an entry point, a plurality of service systems disposed behind the server entry point, and a secure encryption key generation and management system, the method comprising:incorporating common cryptographic material into the transportation vehicle client and into the secure encryption key generation and management system;
deriving key material from the common cryptographic material in the transportation vehicle client for an encrypted communication between the transportation vehicle client and a service system of the plurality of service systems disposed behind the server entry point, wherein the key material associated with the service system is specific to the service system and independent from key material associated with the entry point;
deriving key material from the common cryptographic material in the secure encryption key generation and management system for an encrypted communication between the transportation vehicle client and the service system of the plurality of service systems disposed behind the server entry point, wherein the key material associated with the service system is specific to the service system and independent from key material associated with the entry point; and
transferring the specific key material into the associated service system of the plurality of service systems disposed behind the server entry point or retaining the specific key material in the secure encryption key generation and management system, to provide encrypted client-server communication between the associated service system of the plurality of service systems disposed behind the server entry point and control systems of the transportation vehicle client,
wherein a further entry point for the transportation vehicle client is provided in the transportation vehicle client,
wherein control systems of the transportation vehicle client are provided behind the further entry point,
wherein common cryptographic material is provided in the control systems of the transportation vehicle client and in the secure encryption key generation and management system,
wherein key material derived from the common cryptographic material is provided in the control systems of the transportation vehicle client for an encrypted communication between the respective control system and the corresponding service system of the plurality of service systems disposed behind the server entry point, and
wherein the further entry point is an online control unit.

US Pat. No. 10,511,434

METHOD AND ENCRYPTION NODE FOR ENCRYPTING MESSAGE

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method performed by an encryption node of a communication system for providing encryption of a message m according to a selected encryption scheme, the method comprising:pre-computing a set of k noise factors {s_1, . . . , s_k} as
s_1=h (r_1)mod N, . . . , s_k=h (r_k)mod N,
where k and N are predefined integer parameters of the selected encryption scheme and r_1, . . . , r_k are random numbers,
receiving a request from a client for encryption of the message m,
selecting a subset of l noise factors s_(a_1), . . . , s_(a_l) out of the pre-computed set of k noise factors,
computing h R mod N for a random value R as the product of the selected subset of l noise factors modulo N where R is the sum r_(a_1)+ . . . +r_(a_l) of the random numbers r_(a_1), . . . , r_(a_l) in the subset of I noise factors, such that
s_(a_1)·. . . ·s_(a_l)?h (r_(a_1))·. . . ·h (r_(a_l))?h (r_(a_1) + . . . +r_(a_l))?h R mod N,
encrypting the message m by computing a cipher text c as
c=g m·h R mod N
where g is a predefined integer parameter of the selected encryption scheme, and delivering the cipher text c as an encrypted message.

US Pat. No. 10,511,429

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DATA BY USING MULTIPLE CARRIERS IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method by a terminal in a communication system, the method comprising:receiving first control information for a secondary cell group on a primary cell group, the first control information including information for at least one serving cell of the secondary cell group;
acquiring master information block (MIB) on a first serving cell of the secondary cell group, a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) being configured in the first serving cell;
identifying system frame number (SFN) for the at least one serving cell of the secondary cell group based on the acquired MIB; and
transmitting uplink control information on the first serving cell of the secondary cell group based on the identified SFN,
wherein the at least one serving cell of the secondary cell group except for the first serving cell is in deactivated state in response to the first control information.

US Pat. No. 10,511,419

MULTI-USER GROUPING

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising: a processor; and a memory to store data used by the processor, wherein the processor is operative to:determine a number P of P multi-user groups are to be formed to promote airtime fairness for N client devices in which each one client device of the N client devices will be equally represented in to-be-formed P multi-user groups and in which each one of the to-be-formed multi-user groups is to be actively considered by a scheduler for transmission purposes, the N client devices being associated with N wireless connections with an access point having multi-user simultaneous communication multiple-input multiple-output communication capability;
define P multi-user groups with each multi-user group of the P multi-user groups having a capacity for M client devices from the N client devices, N being greater than M, wherein the P multi-user groups are defined based on determining a divisibility of N by M; and
allocate the N client devices to the P multi-user groups with each client device of the N client devices being equally represented in the P multi-user groups.

US Pat. No. 10,511,414

HARQ ACK/NACK BUNDLING IN DOWNLINK CARRIER AGGREGATION

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for operating a terminal in a wireless communication network, the terminal being connected to the network via a communication link having a downlink (DL) carrier aggregation comprising at least two carriers, the method comprising:bundling Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest (HARQ) feedback for a plurality of carriers of the DL carrier aggregation, wherein an acknowledgement (ACK) is generated only when HARQ acknowledgement/non-acknowledgement (ACK/NACK) bits from the plurality of carriers are ACK, wherein one or more differentiated bundling rules for primary carrier and secondary carriers are applied such that HARQ ACK/NACK feedback for at least one primary or control DL component carrier (CC) is prioritized higher than any secondary DL CC and comprises predefining/configuring that the HARQ ACK/NACK bits from the at least one primary or control DL CC shall not be bundled with any other DL CC and that the HARQ ACK/NACK of some selected secondary DL CCs shall not be bundled with other DL CCs.

US Pat. No. 10,511,408

CODE BLOCK SEGMENTATION FOR NEW RADIO

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method for use in a wireless transmitter of a wireless communication network of encoding a transport block, the method comprising:determining if a code rate for transmitting a transport block is less than or equal to ¼;
determining if a transport block size (TBS) of the transport block is less than or equal to 3824 bits and a code rate for transmitting the transport block is less than or equal to ?;
based on a positive determination in either of the above determining steps, selecting new radio (NR) low-density parity-check (LDPC) base graph 2 for encoding the transport block;
otherwise, selecting NR LDPC base graph 1 for encoding the transport block;
encoding the transport block using the selected base graph, wherein for the NR LDPC base graph 2 a maximum code block size is 3840 bits; and
transmitting the encoded transport block to a wireless receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,511,405

RESOURCE MAPPING TO HANDLE BURSTY INTERFERENCE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:encoding, at a transmitter, a plurality of bits for two or more code blocks of a transmission;
interleaving, by the transmitter, the plurality of bits of each of the two or more code blocks across two or more symbols in a time-frequency transmission stream;
transmitting, by the transmitter to a receiver, the time-frequency transmission stream, wherein the time-frequency transmission stream is transmitted according to a first code block transmission sequence of a plurality of code block transmission sequences; and
re-transmitting, by the transmitter in response to a receiver failing to successfully receive the time-frequency transmission stream, the time-frequency transmission stream at a second code block transmission sequence of the plurality of code block transmission sequences, wherein the second code block transmission sequence provides code-block-level re-mapping of the two or more code blocks and is selected by the transmitter according to a number of times the receiver fails to successfully receive the time-frequency transmission stream.

US Pat. No. 10,511,403

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TIME DILATION IN TIME-SENSITIVE NETWORKS

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A method comprising:determining a clock drift and a clock variance of each node in plural nodes of a time-sensitive Ethernet network;
determining an accumulated clock offset along a time-sensitive network path in the time-sensitive network based on the clock drifts and the clock variances that are determined;
determining an eigenvalue centrality metric based on a location of one or more of the nodes in the time-sensitive network, the eigenvalue centrality metric determined from a relationship between a first product of an adjacency matrix of the time-sensitive Ethernet network and the eigenvalue centrality metric and a second product of a constant value and the eigenvalue centrality metric;
determining a guard band having a dynamic size based on the accumulated clock offset and the eigenvalue centrality metric; and
restricting when Ethernet frames are communicated through the nodes by communicating the guard band with the dynamic size to one or more of the nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,511,402

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ASSIGNING RESOURCES IN OPTICAL TRANSPORT NETWORKS

1. A method for assigning resources in an optical transport network, comprising the steps of:determining a plurality of candidate paths each connecting a pair of nodes in an optical transport network, wherein each candidate path includes at least one optical link between nodes of the optical transport network;
determining a type of Media Channel Format to be used for each of the candidate paths;
determining an expected weight of each of the candidate paths, wherein the weights allow a relative estimate and comparison of traffic volume via the candidate paths;
assigning a spectrum share to each link of each of the candidate paths based on the determined Media Channel Formats to be used for the candidate paths and based on a comparison of the determined expected weights of the candidate paths contending for spectral capacity on the respective optical link; and
assigning a band spectrum to the Media Channel Format to be used by each of the candidate paths corresponding to the spectrum shares assigned to the optical links of the candidate paths, wherein the band spectrum assigned to a Media Channel Format of a candidate path applies to each of the at least one optical link coupling the pair of nodes connected by the candidate path.

US Pat. No. 10,511,389

PIEZOELECTRIC MODULE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A piezoelectric module for transmitting an acoustic signal, comprising:a piezoelectric vibration plate including a piezoelectric element and a vibration plate having shapes of perfect discs and overlapping each other;
a pair of terminals provided on the piezoelectric vibration plate and electrically connected to the piezoelectric element;
a transmission member including a cloth member and adhesive materials formed on both surfaces of the cloth member; and
an oscillating member to which the piezoelectric vibration plate is attached in a closely adhering state through the transmission member, wherein:
a resonance point of the piezoelectric module is not present within a frequency range of the acoustic signal;
a diameter of the piezoelectric element is smaller than that of the vibration plate,
the vibration plate is made of conductive material and has a surface that faces the piezoelectric element,
the surface of the vibration plate includes a first portion that is overlapped by the piezoelectric element and a second portion that is not overlapped by the piezoelectric element, and
one of the pair of terminals is formed on the second portion of the surface of the vibration plate.

US Pat. No. 10,511,388

REDUCING VARIANCE IN REACH OF WDM CHANNELS IN AN OPTICAL NETWORK

Fujitsu Limited, Kawasak...

1. A method for reducing variance in reach of wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) channels in optical transport networks, comprising:selecting, for each of a plurality of WDM channels in an optical network, each assigned to a respective wavelength within a range of wavelengths, a respective initial modulation format with an initial distribution of constellation points in a complex plane;
determining a target reach for the plurality of WDM channels that is achievable by one or more WDM channels assigned to wavelengths in an upper portion of the range using their respective initial modulation formats but is not achievable by one or more WDM channels assigned to wavelengths in a lower portion of the range using their respective initial modulation formats, the wavelengths in the lower portion of the range being shorter than the wavelengths in the upper portion of the range;
applying one or more reach extension techniques to a given one of the one or more WDM channels assigned to wavelengths in the lower portion of the range to extend its reach to at least the target reach;
refraining from applying reach extension techniques to the one or more WDM channels assigned to wavelengths in the upper portion of the range;
transmitting or receiving traffic over the given one of the one or more WDM channels assigned to wavelengths in the lower portion of the range using its initial modulation format and using the one or more reach extension techniques applied to the given channel; and
transmitting or receiving traffic over the one or more WDM channels assigned to wavelengths in the upper portion of the range using their respective initial modulation formats and without using reach extension techniques.

US Pat. No. 10,511,386

MULTIMODE FIBER FOR MODULATABLE SOURCE

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A method, comprising:generating a communication signal at a source array, wherein each source of the source array comprises a modulatable source;
propagating the communication signal using a multi-mode fiber array to receive the communication signal from the modulatable sources of the source array, wherein each fiber of the multi-mode fiber array has a diameter d and a far-field divergence angle associated with the propagated signal, corresponding to a product of the diameter (d) and the far-field divergence angle, the product substantially between 1 micron radian and 4 micron radian, wherein each fiber is to extend a BW*L characteristic of the fiber, corresponding to a product of fiber bandwidth (BW) and fiber length (L); and
receiving the communication signal at an optical component via the multi-mode fiber array.

US Pat. No. 10,511,383

LUMINESCENT DETECTOR FOR FREE-SPACE OPTICAL COMMUNICATION

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a wavelength-shifting element configured to receive, at a first side of the wavelength shifting element, an input-light data signal comprising a first range of wavelengths, wherein the wavelength-shifting element comprises a photoluminescent wavelength-shifting material configured to:
absorb at least a portion of the received input-light data signal; and
produce an emitted-light data signal comprising a second range of wavelengths, wherein the emitted-light data signal is produced based on an upper-state lifetime of the photoluminescent wavelength-shifting material, and wherein the emitted-light data signal is emitted through a second side of the wavelength-shifting element that is opposite to the first side;
a plasmonic grating comprising a plurality of plasmonic-structure elements, the plasmonic grating configured to:
receive at least a portion of the emitted-light data signal; and
direct the received portion of the emitted-light data signal toward a photodetector; and
the photodetector configured to:
receive the directed portion of the emitted-light data signal; and
produce an electrical current corresponding to the directed portion of the emitted-light data signal.

US Pat. No. 10,511,382

DYNAMIC MONITORING AND CALIBRATION OF NODES IN AN OPTICAL NETWORKING DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A monitoring apparatus for an optical device, the monitoring apparatus comprising:a light source configured to emit light in a first wavelength band towards a reflector located a known distance from the light source, the light coupled onto a selected optical path associated with the optical device;
a light detector placed and configured to receive and detect light from the optical path that is reflected by the reflector; and
a controller configured to operate the light source and process received signals from the light detector to perform a measurement of the optical path, the controller further configured to cause the light to couple onto the selected optical path associated with the optical device;wherein the monitoring apparatus is further configured to perform a calibration operation for the optical device based on the measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,511,379

FLEXIBLE BEAMFORMING FOR SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS

Viasat, Inc., Carlsbad, ...

1. A method for providing a communications service via a communications satellite, the method comprising:obtaining a first transmit beamforming weight set that defines a plurality of first transmit spot beams based on a plurality of first antenna feed elements of the communications satellite;
applying, by a transmit beamforming network, the first transmit beamforming weight set to a plurality of first spot beam signals associated with the plurality of first transmit spot beams to obtain first transmit feed element signals;
transmitting the first transmit feed element signals via the plurality of first antenna feed elements to generate the plurality of first transmit spot beams;
obtaining a second transmit beamforming weight set that defines a plurality of second transmit spot beams based on the plurality of first antenna feed elements of the communications satellite;
updating, in response to a change in orbital position of the communications satellite, the transmit beamforming network to apply the second transmit beamforming weight set;
applying, by the transmit beamforming network, the second transmit beamforming weight set to a plurality of second spot beam signals to obtain second transmit feed element signals; and
transmitting the second transmit feed element signals via the plurality of first antenna feed elements to generate the plurality of second transmit spot beams.

US Pat. No. 10,511,374

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROL CHANNEL BEAM ASSUMPTION

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus of an Evolved Node-B (eNB) operable to communicate with a User Equipment (UE) on a wireless network, comprising:one or more processors to:
generate a reference signal transmission for an eNB Transmitting (Tx) beam corresponding with at least a first eNB antenna port having a first polarization and a second eNB antenna port having a second polarization;
process one or more reporting transmissions carrying at least one of a first signal reception indication for a first UE antenna port and a second signal reception indication for a second UE antenna port; and
determine a transmission hypothesis based upon the one or more reporting transmissions,
wherein the transmission hypothesis has one of: a first value corresponding with one UE antenna port, or a second value corresponding with two UE antenna ports.

US Pat. No. 10,511,371

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TRANSMISSION IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method performed by a mobile device for a communication system, the method comprising:receiving, in downlink, a radio resource control (RRC) signaling message, wherein the RRC signaling message comprises:
a Channel State Information (CSI) process information element for CSI process configuration for a CSI process identified by a CSI Process identifier;
a channel state information-reference signal (CSI-RS) information element for identifying a plurality of CSI-RS resource configurations for the CSI process identified by said CSI Process identifier; and
a channel state information-interference signal (CSI-IM) information element for identifying a plurality of CSI-IM resource configurations for the CSI process identified by said CSI Process identifier; and
sending, in uplink, CSI corresponding to the CSI process;
wherein each CSI-RS resource is associated with a respective CSI-IM resource.

US Pat. No. 10,511,369

EXTENDING ASSOCIATION BEAMFORMING TRAINING

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus of a station comprising: memory; and processing circuitry coupled to the memory, the processing circuitry configured to:decode an enhanced directional multi-gigabit (EDMG) beacon comprising a multiplier field and a length field of an association beamforming training (A-BFT) interval;
determine a count of sector sweep (SSW) slots as equal to (a value of the multiplier field plus one) times a value of the length field of the A-BFT interval, wherein the count of SSW slots is equal to a count of original SSW slots plus a count of additional SSW slots, wherein the count of original SSW slots is equal to the value of the length field of the A-BFT interval and the count of the additional SSW slots is equal to (a value of the multiplier field)×(a value of the length field of the A-BFT interval);
select a SSW slot of the SSW slots of the count of SSW slots;
encode a SSW frame; and
configure the station to transmit the SSW frame during the selected SSW slot of the count of SSW slots.

US Pat. No. 10,511,367

CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION SENDING METHOD, CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION RECEIVING METHOD, AND DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A channel state information CSI receiving method, comprising:receiving, by a network device from a terminal device, a signal comprising channel state information (CSI), the CSI comprising a rank indicator (RI), indication information, and a second precoding matrix indicator PMI2;
obtaining, by the network device, the RI and the indication information based on the signal comprising the CSI;
obtaining, by the network device, the PMI2 based on the RI and the indication information; and
determining, by the network device, a precoding matrix W based on the rank indicator RI and the second precoding matrix indicator PMI2, wherein W comprises W=W1×W2, W is a matrix with Nt rows and L columns, W1 is a matrix with Nt rows and 2I columns, W2 is a matrix with 2I rows and L columns, Nt is a quantity of antenna ports, L is a rank indicated by the RI, Nt is greater than or equal to L, I is an integer greater than or equal to 1, an element at a location in an ith row and an lth column in W2 is Yi,l, i is an integer greater than or equal to zero and less than or equal to 2I?1, l is an integer greater than or equal to zero and less than or equal to L?1, Yi,l comprises Yi,l=Xi,l1×Xi,l2×Xi,l3, and Xi,l3 is a complex number with modulus 1; and
the indication information indicates that W2 comprises M Xi,l1 whose values are non-zero, the PMI2 indicates a parameter of W2, the parameter of W2 indicated by the PMI2 comprises all Xi,l1 in W2 and Xi,l2 and Xi,l3, which correspond to the M Xi,l1 whose values are non-zero in W2, and does not comprise Xi,l2 and Xi,l3 which correspond to Xi,l1 other than the M Xi,l1 whose values are non-zero in W2.

US Pat. No. 10,511,366

SIGNALING TRANSMISSION METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MULTIPLE-INPUT MULTIPLE-OUTPUT SYSTEM

ZTE CORPORATION, Shenzhe...

1. A signaling transmission method for a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output, MIMO, system, applied to a receiving network side, the method comprising:forming Channel-Related Information, CRI, about a combined channel according to CRI between all receiving antenna ports in a receiving network and a sending antenna port in a sending network; and
sending the CRI about the combined channel to the sending network;
wherein, the CRI comprises one or more of the following: channel information, Channel State Information, CSI, and a CSI Reference Signal, CSI-RS;
wherein forming CRI about a combined channel according to CRI between receiving antenna ports in a receiving network and a sending antenna port in a sending network comprises:
receiving, by the receiving antenna ports, the CSI-RS sent by the sending antenna port;
determining a receiving antenna port set corresponding to the CRI about the combined channel and a second-class node set corresponding to the receiving antenna port set according to the received CSI-RS;
determining CRI between the second-class node set and the sending antenna port as CRI about the second-class node set; and
forming the CRI about the combined channel according to the CRI about the second-class node set and the receiving antenna ports;
wherein the second-class node set comprises user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,511,363

PRECODING FOR ADVANCED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A base station (BS) comprising:a transceiver comprising an antenna array, the transceiver configured to measure a sound reference signal (SRS) from a user equipment (UE), using at least one portion of the antenna array; and
at least one processor configured to:
select at least one uplink (UL) beam vector, based on the SRS measurement, from a UL beam-codebook comprising a set of beam weight vectors;
determine at least one downlink (DL) beam vector corresponding to each of the selected at least one UL beam vector;
transmit a beamformed channel state information (CSI)-reference signal (RS) by applying the at least one DL beam vector to the antenna array;
receive a CSI feedback including a Precoding Matrix Index (PMI) from the UE, wherein the PMI is determined based on the beamformed CSI-RS; and
construct a precoding channel matrix for the UE based on the PMI and the at least one DL beam vector.

US Pat. No. 10,511,362

CODEBOOK SUB-SAMPLING FOR CSI FEEDBACK ON PUCCH FOR 4TX MIMO

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...


US Pat. No. 10,511,357

DETECTION SCHEME UTILIZING TRANSMITTER-SUPPLIED NON-LINEARITY DATA IN THE PRESENCE OF TRANSMITTER NON-LINEARITY

1. A system, comprising:a processor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
in response to activation of a non-linear device of a device operatively connected to a wireless transmitter, acquiring signal data pertaining to a characterization of a non-linear power response of the non-linear device; and
in response to establishing a wireless communication between the wireless transmitter and a receiving device, forwarding the signal data pertaining to the characterization of the non-linear response of the non-linear device to the receiving device, wherein the wireless transmitter comprises a wireless antenna element operative to communicate using wireless signals.

US Pat. No. 10,511,351

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NETWORK UPLINK MEASUREMENT BASED OPERATION USING UE CENTRIC SOUNDING

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A communication method, comprising:receiving, by a user equipment (UE) from a transmission point in a network area that comprises a plurality of transmission points, radio resource control (RRC) signaling comprising uplink sounding reference signal (SRS) configuration, the uplink SRS configuration comprising configurations of an uplink SRS sequence, time, frequency, periodicity, and a hopping pattern;
generating, by the UE, the uplink SRS sequence in accordance with the uplink SRS configuration, the uplink SRS sequence being generated independently from the plurality of transmission points in the network area; and
transmitting, by the UE, the uplink SRS sequence to different transmission points in the network area.

US Pat. No. 10,511,350

ANTENNA DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An antenna device comprising:a first coupling conductor that is connected to a power supply circuit;
a second coupling conductor that is at least magnetically coupled to the first coupling conductor;
a first capacitor that is connected in series to the second coupling conductor;
a second capacitor; and
a conductive member that includes an inductance component and that is connected in parallel to the second capacitor when viewed from a series circuit including the second coupling conductor and the first capacitor; wherein
a portion of or an entire closed loop including the second capacitor and the conductive member defines a magnetic-field radiating element; and
a capacitance of the first capacitor is smaller than a capacitance of the second capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,511,348

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SHORT RANGE WIRELESS COMMUNICATION IN THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a battery;
a first antenna;
a second antenna;
a short range wireless communication circuit; and
a controller,
wherein the controller is configured to control to:
receive, through the first antenna, wireless power for wireless charging of the battery from an external electronic device,
determine whether an event related to a cover is generated,
based on determining that the event related to the cover is generated, control a strength of the wireless power for the wireless charging of the battery, and
transmit, through the second antenna, information on the generated event to the cover for displaying the information on the generated event on the cover by using the short range wireless communication circuit connected with the cover, while receiving, through the first antenna, the wireless power of the controlled strength for the wireless charging of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,511,347

DEVICE DETECTION IN CONTACTLESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

14. A near field communication (NFC) reader, comprising:an antenna front-end that includes a low pass filter, a matching circuit, and an antenna coil, the antenna front-end having a capacitance and an inductance; and
an NFC controller, wherein the NFC controller includes an oscillator coupled to the antenna front-end and configured to use the capacitance and the inductance of the antenna front-end as a tank circuit such that the oscillator is resonating at a boundary of its stability based on the capacitance and the inductance of the tank circuit, and the NFC controller is configured to detect a presence of an object in proximity of the antenna front-end using one or more changes in an output of the oscillator, and the NFC controller is configured to determine a width of a startup pulse based on an inductance of the antenna front-end at a time of starting the oscillator.

US Pat. No. 10,511,344

TRANSCEIVER RESONANT RECEIVE SWITCH

INTEGRATED DEVICE TECHNOL...

1. An apparatus comprising:an input port;
an output port; and
a resonant receive switch circuit coupled between the input port and the output port, said resonant receive switch circuit comprising a first switch, a second switch, a capacitor, and an input matching inductor, wherein (i) said input matching inductor is coupled between said input port and said output port, (ii) said capacitor is coupled in series with said first switch across said input matching inductor, (iii) said second switch is coupled between a circuit ground and a node formed by connection of said capacitor and said first switch, (iv) when said first switch and said second switch are in a non-conducting state, a signal at the input port is passed to the output port, and (v) when said first switch and said second switch are in a conducting state, the signal at the input port is prevented from reaching the output port.

US Pat. No. 10,511,342

CELL PHONE CASE WITH CARD STORAGE CAPABILITY

ISPEAKER CO., LTD., (KR)...

1. A cell phone case comprising:a case main body having a frame case shape and provided with, on a front surface thereof, a cell phone accommodation part configured to accommodate a cell phone in a shape of surrounding a rear surface and side surfaces of the cell phone;
a card storage part formed so as to be decoupled/coupled from/to the case main body and configured to store a card; and
an opening/closing cover provided on a rear surface of the case main body and configured to slide on and open/close the card storage part coupled to the case main body, wherein
the case main body comprises an opening configured to accommodate the card storage part, and
wherein the card storage part comprises:
a card mount part on which a card is mounted; and
upper/lower coupling parts configured to allow the opening/closing cover to be decoupled/coupled from/to the card storage part.

US Pat. No. 10,511,341

STERILIZING ENCLOSURE FOR SECURING A PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Stryker Corporation, Kal...

1. An enclosure for a portable electronic device, the enclosure comprising:a frame defining a window with a glass panel attached to the frame adjacent the window, the panel positioned to abut a touchscreen interface of the electronic device, the frame including a frame periphery edge;
a base comprising a base periphery edge, wherein the base and the frame cooperatively define a closed position of the enclosure for securing the portable electronic device therein; and
a unitary seal comprising a seal periphery edge with the seal attached to one of the base and the frame and positioned to be engaged by the other of the base and the frame in the closed position of the enclosure,
wherein the seal periphery edge and the frame periphery edge and the base periphery edge are aligned in the closed position and the seal defines a boundary between a touch zone outside of the seal and a no-touch zone inside of the seal.

US Pat. No. 10,511,340

PROTECTION OF A MOBILE COMMUNICATION DEVICE

SAVOX COMMUNICATIONS OY A...

1. An arrangement comprising a mobile communication device comprising:a terminal device configured for wireless communication with one or more other devices via a communication channel;
a speaker-microphone unit;
an electric cable that comprises a coiled cable that comprises at least one coiled portion,
wherein the terminal device and the speaker-microphone unit are configured to be communicatively coupled to each other by the electric cable; and
a fire retardant sleeve having a shape and size that enable accommodating said speaker-microphone unit and said electric cable therein,
wherein said fire retardant sleeve is made of one of the following: a fire retardant cloth made of fire retardant material, a cloth coated with, on its exterior, one or more layers of fire retardant coating,
wherein said speaker-microphone unit and said electric cable are entirely enclosed within said fire retardant sleeve,
wherein the fire retardant sleeve comprises a one-piece structure,
wherein said fire retardant sleeve provides stand-alone protection, separate from protective gear worn by a user of the communication device, and
wherein the sleeve comprises respective sleeve portions that are sized and shaped to match or substantially match the speaker-microphone unit and the electrical cable of the mobile communication device.

US Pat. No. 10,511,336

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MULTI-BAND TRANSCEIVER FRONT-END ARCHITECTURE WITH REDUCED SWITCH INSERTION LOSS

Maxlinear, Inc., Carlsba...

1. A method for communication, the method comprising:in a transceiver comprising a first plurality of switches each with a separate control terminal and a common terminal coupled to a transmit signal path, a second plurality of switches each with a separate control terminal and a common terminal coupled to a receive signal path, and a plurality of communications links:
operatively coupling the transmit signal path to one of the plurality of communications links using one of the first plurality of switches when the transceiver is in a transmit mode; and
operatively coupling the receive signal path to one of the plurality of communications links using one of the second plurality of switches when the transceiver is in a receive mode.

US Pat. No. 10,511,333

PARITY PUNCTURING DEVICE FOR VARIABLE-LENGTH SIGNALING INFORMATION ENCODING, AND PARITY PUNCTURING METHOD USING SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A parity puncturing apparatus, comprising:memory configured to provide a parity bit string for parity puncturing for parity bits of an LDPC codeword whose length is 16200 and whose code rate is 3/15; and
a processor configured to puncture a number of bits corresponding to a final puncturing size on a rear side of the parity bit string,
wherein
the final puncturing size is calculated using a temporary puncturing size, a number of transmission bits, and a temporary number of transmission bits;
the number of transmission bits is calculated using the temporary number of transmission bits and a modulation order;
the temporary number of transmission bits is calculated using a difference between a sum of a length of a BCH-encoded bit string and 12960, and the temporary puncturing size; and
the temporary puncturing size is calculated using a difference between a length of an LDPC information bit string and the length of the BCH-encoded bit string,
the temporary puncturing size is calculated using a first integer, multiplied by a value obtained by dividing the difference between the length of the LDPC information bit string and the length of the BCH-encoded bit string by 2, and a second integer different from the first integer, and
wherein the first integer is 7, and the second integer is 0 and the modulation order is 2 that corresponds to QPSK.

US Pat. No. 10,511,319

ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. An analog-to-digital converter (“ADC”), comprising:an input terminal configured to receive an analog input voltage signal;
a first ADC stage coupled to the input terminal and configured to output a first digital value corresponding to the analog input voltage signal and an analog residue signal corresponding to a difference between the first digital value and the analog input signal;
a second ADC stage coupled to the first ADC stage and configured to convert the analog residue signal to a second digital value, wherein the second ADC stage includes a first sub-stage configured to convert the analog residue signal to a first number of bits of the second digital value representing the analog reside signal, and a second sub-stage configured to convert the analog residue signal to a second number of bits of the second digital value, where the second number of bits is greater than the first number of bits; and
a controller coupled to the first and second ADC stages and configured to combine the first digital value and the second digital value into a digital output signal representing the analog input voltage signal.

US Pat. No. 10,511,303

GATE DRIVER FOR DEPLETION-MODE TRANSISTORS

Sarda Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A system comprising:a depletion or low-threshold enhancement mode compound semiconductor (III-V) switching transistor;
a charge pump to maintain a voltage that holds the transistor in an off-state;
a coupling capacitor electrically coupled to a gate of the transistor, the coupling capacitor configured to receive pulse width modulated (PWM) signals and shift a gate voltage that alternately drives the transistor into an on-state and the off-state; and
a gate control circuit electrically coupled to the transistor and configured to:
receive external PWM signals during operation,
generate internal PWM signals during startup before receiving external PWM signals,
output received and generated PWM signals to the coupling capacitor to shift the gate voltage and alternately drive the transistor into the on-state and the off-state, and
output control signals to the charge pump, the control signals configured to hold the transistor in the off state.

US Pat. No. 10,511,302

DRIVE CIRCUIT FOR DRIVE TARGET SWITCH

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A drive circuit for turning on or off a target switch having a first main terminal, a second main terminal with a voltage, and a main control terminal, the drive circuit comprising:a negative power source configured to output a first negative voltage that is lower than the voltage at the second main terminal;
a discharge switch electrically connected between the main control terminal and the negative voltage source;
a reference voltage generator connected to the second main terminal and configured to generate, based on the voltage at the second main terminal, a reference voltage that is higher than the first negative output voltage of the negative power source and that is lower than the voltage at the second main terminal;
a control switch electrically connected between the negative voltage source and the reference voltage generator; and
a drive controller configured to:
switch the discharge switch and the control switch from an off state to an on state to thereby supply the first negative output voltage to the main control terminal of the target switch; and
switch the discharge switch and the control switch from the on state to the off state to thereby change the first negative output voltage to be supplied to the main control terminal of the target switch to a second negative voltage based on the reference voltage generated by the reference voltage generator, the second negative voltage being more positive than the first negative voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,511,297

HIGH-SPEED SWITCH WITH ACCELERATED SWITCHING TIME

pSemi Corporation, San D...

1. A multiport switch comprising:(a) at least one switch branch comprising:
(1) switch control input;
(2) a field effect transistor (FET) having a gate, source and drain;
(3) a reset circuit having an signal input, signal output, reset control input and reference input, the signal output being coupled to the gate of the FET, the reset circuit configured to reset the FET by connecting the gate of the FET to the signal input when the reset circuit is inactive and to the reference input when the reset circuit is active;
(b) a reset processor having a reset processor input coupled to the switch control input and a reset processor output coupled to the reset control input, the reset processor configured to output a reset pulse to set the reset circuit to an active state for a predetermined reset period only in response to a change in the state of a signal received at the reset processor input, the reset pulse returning the reset circuit to an inactive state after the predetermined reset period.

US Pat. No. 10,511,278

TRANSFORMER WITH HIGH COMMON-MODE REJECTION RATIO (CMRR)

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A transformer comprising:a first winding having a first terminal coupled to an input node, and a second terminal coupled to a reference potential node;
a first impedance coupled between a tap of the first winding and the reference potential node, wherein the first impedance comprises a complex impedance; and
a second winding magnetically coupled to the first winding and having a first terminal coupled to a first differential node of a differential output pair, a second terminal coupled to a second differential node of the differential output pair, and a tap coupled to the reference potential node.

US Pat. No. 10,511,275

COMMON MODE SENSING ARCHITECTURE

MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INCO...

1. A common mode sensing amplifier, comprising:a differential positive input;
a differential negative input;
a first transistor, wherein:
the first transistor is communicatively coupled to the differential positive input and differential negative input at a source of the first transistor; and
the first transistor is configured to track input common mode of the differential positive input and differential negative input; and
a resistive network, wherein:
a first end of the resistive network is configured to receive input from the differential positive input and a second end of the resistive network is configured to receive input from the differential negative input; and
the first transistor is coupled to the resistive network at a source of the first transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,511,271

POWER AMPLIFICATION DEVICE, TERMINAL HAVING THE SAME, AND BASE STATION HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A power amplification device comprising:a power amplifier configured to amplify an input signal; and
at least one element connected to the power amplifier and configured to reduce envelope impedance for maintaining linearity of the power amplifier,
wherein the power amplifier includes a plurality of stages,
wherein the at least one element is disposed in each of the stages, and
wherein the at least one element is a regulator configured to supply power to the power amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,511,269

VOLTAGE-TO-CURRENT CONVERTERS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An amplifier, comprising:an input stage, comprising:
a first voltage-to-current conversion stage, the first voltage-to-current conversion stage configured to provide an input-to-output gain with compressive nonlinearity;
a second voltage-to-current conversion stage cascaded with the first voltage-to-current conversion stage, wherein:
an input of the second voltage-to-current conversion stage is connected to an output of the first voltage-to-current conversion stage; and
the second voltage-to-current conversion stage is configured to provide an input-to-output gain with expansive nonlinearity;
wherein the first voltage-to-current conversion stage comprises a first transistor and a second transistor connected as a differential pair.

US Pat. No. 10,511,256

SOLAR PANEL CLEANING ROBOT

SUZHOU RADIANT PHOTOVOLTA...

1. A solar panel cleaning robot, comprising:a robot body moving or stopping on at least one solar panel, and the robot body comprising:
a cleaning device disposed on an internal or an external of the robot body, and configured to clean a solar panel;
a power system disposed on the internal or the external of the robot body, and configured to adjust a moving direction and a moving speed of the robot body on the solar panel;
a control system disposed on the internal or the external of the robot body, and connected to the power system and the cleaning device; and
an electric power system disposed on the internal or the external of the robot body, connected to the power system, the cleaning device and the control system, and configured to provide the power system, the cleaning device and the control system with electricity;
a data acquisition system configured to acquire at least one working parameter during moving of the robot body;
a processor connected to the data acquisition system, and configured to transmit at least one moving-control instruction to the power system, and to transmit at least one cleaning-control instruction to the cleaning device, wherein the power system controls the robot body to move or stop according to the moving-control instruction, and the cleaning device cleans or stops cleaning the solar panel according to the cleaning-control instruction; and
at least one storage unit connected to the processor, and configured to store the working parameter during the moving of the robot body;
wherein the data acquisition system comprises at least one image sensor or camera connected to the processor, disposed on a front end of the robot body, and configured to acquire images in front of the robot body during the moving of the robot body; wherein the cleaning device comprises:
a cleaning motor comprising a cleaning motor shaft;
a roller brush having a roller brush driven shaft disposed on a center of the roller brush;
a transmission mechanism connected to both the cleaning motor shaft and the roller brush driven shaft, the cleaning motor shaft driving the roller brush driven shaft to rotate through the transmission mechanism;
a liquid dispensing container being a detachable sealing container and having a drainage outlet disposed on a bottom of the liquid dispensing container;
at least one nozzle head disposed above the roller brush or on a side of the roller brush; each nozzle head comprising a nozzle, and the nozzle facing the roller brush;
a forked pipe comprising a main pipe and at least one branch pipe communicating with each other, the main pipe communicating with the drainage outlet, and each branch pipe communicating with a nozzle head; and a water pump disposed on the main pipe; wherein the liquid dispensing container comprises: a column-shaped portion;
a taper portion having a bottom surface connected to a lower bottom surface of the column-shaped portion; and
the drainage outlet, further disposed on a top point of the taper portion, wherein liquid in the liquid dispensing container and the taper portion are collectively structured and configured to move liquid downward from the column-shaped portion, flow downward out of the taper portion and flow downward into the drainage outlet;
wherein the control system, according to requirement, transmits at least one water pump control signal to the water pump, switches on the water pump and adjusts water-pumping speed of the water pump to make the liquid in the liquid dispensing container flow out to the nozzle head through the forked pipe and form tiny liquid droplets being radially sprayed to the rover brush, and the roller brush drives the liquid to fall onto the solar panel while the roller brush is used to clean the solar panel.

US Pat. No. 10,511,242

METHOD FOR AUTONOMOUS OPERATION OF ELECTRICITY-GENERATING DEVICE

MEIDENSHA CORPORATION, T...

1. A method for an autonomous operation of an electricity-generating device interconnected to an electric power system,the electricity-generating device comprising:
a permanent magnet power generator coupled to a water turbine;
first and second converters having forward/inverse conversion functions;
a smoothing capacitor connected to a DC linkage unit between the first and second converters; and
a control unit outputting control commands to the first and second converters,
wherein, when the autonomous operation of the electricity-generating device is conducted, the autonomous operation is an operation in which the electricity-generating device is separated from the electric power system,
the method comprising:
controlling, by the first converter, a voltage of the DC linkage unit to be constant,
causing a load connected to the electricity-generating device to be connected or disconnected, and
always operating the electricity-generating device along an efficiency-characteristics curve, when the autonomous operation of the electricity-generating device is conducted, that corresponds to an aperture of an inlet valve of the water turbine and is based on a shaft input and a rotational speed, only within a speed range from a rated speed, at which the shaft input of the efficiency-characteristics curve becomes maximum, to a maximum speed, at which the shaft input becomes minimum, in the efficiency-characteristics curve of the water turbine.

US Pat. No. 10,511,237

METHOD OF DRIVING A DRIVING APPARATUS

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A method of driving a driving apparatus, comprising:expanding and contracting a piezoelectric element in accordance with a driving signal;
connecting a supporting shaft to said piezoelectric element;
frictionally engaging a movable body with said supporting shaft, the movable body being capable of moving along said supporting shaft; and
moving said movable body in a first direction towards said piezoelectric element by applying said driving signal including a first driving signal against said piezoelectric element, wherein said applying further comprises repeatedly applying said first driving signal against said piezoelectric element by taking a first rest time in between each repetition of said first driving signal, and
wherein said first driving signal comprises a main driving waveform group and a sub driving waveform group which is placed after said main driving waveform group by having a second rest time shorter than said first rest time in between said main driving waveform group and said sub driving waveform group.

US Pat. No. 10,511,233

CURRENT ESTIMATING DEVICE

DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD., ...

1. A current estimating device included in a power converter and estimating a power source current which is a current upstream of a capacitor, the power converter including: a rectifying circuit rectifying an AC power output from an AC power source; an inverter circuit supplied with power from the rectifying circuit; the capacitor connected between the rectifying circuit and the inverter circuit in parallel with the rectifying circuit; and a reactor connected between the AC power source and the capacitor, the current estimating device comprising:a voltage detection circuit which is a voltage divider circuit including a plurality of resistances, the voltage detection circuit detecting voltages correlating with a power source voltage of the AC power source; and
a calculation unit obtaining an across voltage of the reactor based on detection results detected by the voltage detection circuit, and estimating the power source current based on the across voltage, wherein
the calculation unit:
corrects gains of the detection results of the voltage detection circuit so that a value correlating with an average value per predetermined time period of the estimated power source current matches a value correlating with an average value per the predetermined time period of a current downstream of the capacitor; and
obtains the across voltage of the reactor based on the detection results, of the voltage detection circuit, with the gains corrected.

US Pat. No. 10,511,232

ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER

1. A current loop powered DC-DC converter comprising a transformer having a primary winding and a secondary winding establishing a primary side and a secondary side, the primary winding being connected to a transformer drive circuitry arranged to provide a drive signal onto the primary winding, the secondary winding being connected to at least one rectifier, characterized in that the rectifier is realized as an active rectifier, comprising a FET-transistor and a rectifier drive circuitry arranged to provide a gate drive signal for the FET-transistor, wherein the rectifier drive circuitry comprises a phase detector arranged to detect a phase difference between a representation of a pulse of a transformer transferred driver signal present at the secondary side of the transformer and a representation of a pulse of the gate drive signal for the active rectifier FET transistor, wherein an output signal of the phase detector is connected to a charge balance circuitry arranged to control by a charge balance circuitry output voltage a pulse length of the active rectifier FET transistor gate drive signal, wherein the charge balance circuitry comprises a charge pump and a low pass filter; and wherein the representation of the pulse of the gate drive signal comprises a pulse-stretched representation of the pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,511,230

ADAPTIVE WAKEUP TIME CONTROL IN BURST MODE OF A PRIMARY SIDE REGULATED FLYBACK CONVERTER

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A power converter comprising:a primary side having a primary winding operatively coupled to an input power source by a power switch;
a secondary side having a secondary winding magnetically coupled to the primary winding and electrically coupled to an output configured for connection to a load;
an auxiliary winding magnetically coupled to the secondary winding and operatively coupled to a controller configured to operate the power switch responsive to a reflected output voltage sensed via the auxiliary winding to alternately close, thereby storing energy from the input power source in the primary winding, and open, thereby delivering energy from the secondary winding to the output, wherein the controller is further configured to:
operate in a voltage regulation mode when a voltage error signal of the power converter exceeds a first threshold; and
transition to an energy regulation mode when the voltage error signal of the power converter falls below the first threshold, wherein the energy regulation mode comprises a burst mode of operation in which the controller is configured to operate the power switch to deliver a number of pulses, thereby causing the reflected output voltage to reach an output voltage high threshold and suspend switching for a predetermined time period before delivering a further number of pulses, wherein the controller is further configured to count the number of pulses and:
responsive to a determination that the count is less than a predetermined minimum number of pulses, increase the predetermined time period; or
responsive to a determination that the count is greater than a predetermined maximum number of pulses, decrease the predetermined time period.

US Pat. No. 10,511,229

POWER CONVERTER WITH TWO CAPACITORS ACCOMMODATED IN A HOUSING

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A power converter for converting an input voltage into a predetermined voltage, comprising:a housing comprising a conductive portion;
at least two capacitors accommodated in the housing and electrically connected to the conductive portion of the housing;
a transformer accommodated in the housing and configured to serve as a choke coil, the transformer comprising a winding and a core surrounding the winding with a portion of the winding being exposed from the core, the winding including a lead that is led out from the exposed portion of the winding to an exterior of the transformer; and
a filter circuit accommodated in the housing, the filter circuit being electrically connected to the lead and configured to remove conducted noise,
wherein the at least two capacitors, the lead, and the conductive portion of the housing form a loop circuit together,
at least part of the exposed portion of the winding overlaps an internal region of the loop circuit, in a front view of the transformer as seen from a direction in which the lead is led out from the exposed portion of the winding,
the transformer is disposed within the housing such that the exposed portion of the winding is oriented toward the filter circuit,
the internal region of the loop circuit is interposed between the at least part of the exposed portion of the winding and the filter circuit, and
a whole extent of the exposed portion of the winding overlaps the internal region of the loop circuit, in the front view of the transformer as seen from the direction in which the lead is led out from the exposed portion of the winding.

US Pat. No. 10,511,226

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND APPARATUS FOR REGULATING A SWITCHED MODE POWER SUPPLY

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. A power converter comprising:a first comparator including a first input;
a ramp generator coupled to the first input; and
a current balance circuit coupled to the ramp generator, the current balance circuit including:
a transistor including a first current terminal, a second current terminal, and a gate;
a multiplier circuit coupled to the first current terminal;
a second comparator coupled to the gate;
a first current source coupled to the first current terminal and the multiplier circuit; and
a second current source coupled to the second current terminal and the second comparator.

US Pat. No. 10,511,222

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER HAVING LOW NOISE AND HIGH EFFICIENCY, AND RELATED METHODS

Integrated Device Technol...

1. A wireless power transmitter, comprising:a bridge inverter including
a first switch and a second switch coupled together with a first switching node therebetween, the first and second switches being in series between a first terminal and a second terminal, the first and second terminals to receive a DC power signal comprising a first terminal voltage and a second terminal voltage lower in magnitude than the first terminal voltage; and
a first capacitor coupled between the first switching node and a first voltage;
wherein the first switch is controlled by a first control signal, and the second switch is controlled by a second control signal;
control logic configured to generate the first and second control signals to complementarily open and close the first switch and the second switch according to an operating frequency to generate an AC power signal from the DC power signal, the control logic generating the first and second control signals complimentarily opening and closing the first switch and the second switch with a first delay between generating the first control signal to open the first switch and generating the second control signal to close the second switch, and with a second delay between generating the second control signal to open the second switch and generating the first control signal to close the first switch; and
a resonant tank operably coupled to the first switching node of the bridge inverter, the resonant tank configured to receive the AC power signal and generate an electromagnetic field responsive thereto;
wherein a capacitance of the first capacitor is sufficient to lengthen, by a factor of at least 7.5, a length of time for the first switching node voltage to reach the first terminal voltage during the second delay.

US Pat. No. 10,511,219

SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY WITH A MEASURING AND CALCULATING PROCESS FOR THE SWITCHING TIMES

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A switching power supply comprising:a power converter that includes a series circuit with a boost inductor, to which an input voltage Vi is applied, and a switch, and a synchronous rectifier connected to a junction between the boost inductor and the switch, and converts the input voltage Vi to an output voltage Vo which is outputted;
a zero current detector that includes a detection winding, which is magnetically coupled to the boost inductor and outputs a zero current detection signal whose voltage value changes in proportion to a voltage across the boost inductor, and detects zero timing at which an inductor current flowing in the boost inductor becomes zero;
a controller that executes an on/off control process that sets the switch in an on state based on the zero timing, causes energy to accumulate in the boost inductor, switches the switch from the on state into an off state, then sets the synchronous rectifier in a synchronous rectification state to have the energy discharged from the boost inductor to cause the power converter to output the output voltage Vo; and
a voltage meter that measures the input voltage Vi and the output voltage Vo,
wherein the controller causes a second on period T2, where the synchronous rectifier is set in the synchronous rectification state, to end before the zero timing by executing:
a first measuring process that measures a first on period T1 where the switch is set in an on state;
a second on period calculating process that calculates, when a correction time for the second on period T2 is expressed as Tc, the second on period T2 according to a following expression
T2=T1×|Vi|/(Vo?|Vi|)?Tc;
the on/off control process that sets the synchronous rectifier in the synchronous rectification state for only the second on period T2 calculated by the second on period calculating process;
a second measuring process that measures an elapsed time from an end of the second on period T2 to a start of the first on period T1; and
a correction time changing process that changes the correction time Tc so that the elapsed time measured by the second measuring process becomes a target time set in advance.

US Pat. No. 10,511,208

RECIPROCATING TOOL

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...

1. An electric power tool having a front end and a rear end, the electric power tool comprising:a tool holding portion at the front end, the tool holding portion configured to hold a removable tool;
a brushless motor having a stator and a rotor inside of the stator, the rotor being configured to drive the tool holding portion;
an inner motor housing enclosing the brushless motor;
an outer tool housing comprising:
a motor housing region surrounding the inner motor housing; and
a loop shaped handle at the rear end of the power tool, the loop shaped handle configured with outer air intake openings configured to feed cooling air to the brushless motor;
a fan located at a front side of the rotor; and
a plate located at a front side of the stator and a rear side of the fan;
wherein the plate is attached to the inner motor housing.

US Pat. No. 10,511,206

CEILING FAN

FOSHAN CARRO ELECTRICAL C...

1. A ceiling fan, comprising:a rotary shaft;
a stator; and
a rotor, the rotor comprising an inner annular chamber, a magnetic-shoe fixation portion, a connection portion, and a bearing installation portion; wherein:
the stator is housed in the inner annular chamber of the rotor;
the bearing installation portion is disposed at one side of the magnetic-shoe fixation portion;
one end of the connection portion is fixed on the magnetic-shoe fixation portion, the other end of connection portion is fixed on the bearing installation portion, and the magnetic-shoe fixation portion, the bearing installation portion are integrated with the connection portion; and
geometric centers of the rotary shaft, the stator, the magnetic-shoe fixation portion, and the bearing installation portion are located in a straight line.

US Pat. No. 10,511,204

COOLING FAN STRUCTURE WITH ROTATIONAL CYLINDRICAL FAN BLADES

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A cooling fan structure with rotational cylindrical fan vanes, comprising:a rotary body including a rotor assembly and a stator assembly corresponding to the rotor assembly for driving the rotor assembly to rotate, the rotor assembly including a hub, the hub having a top section and a circumferential section; and
multiple rotational cylindrical bodies rotatably disposed on the top section or the circumferential section of the hub, whereby when the rotary body rotates, the rotational cylindrical bodies are driven by the rotary body to self-rotate.

US Pat. No. 10,511,202

ROTATING ELECTRIC MACHINE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A rotating electric machine comprising:an armature; and
a rotor rotatably arranged on an inner circumferential side of the armature with a gap interposed therebetween, wherein
the armature includes an armature core, armature coils mounted to the armature core, and phase to phase insulators for insulating coil end parts of the armature coils,
the armature coils are formed such that (4n+2) number of slot accommodation portions of single coils forming the armature coils are arranged so as to be stacked in a radial direction in slots of the armature core, n being a natural number,
on an anti-wire-connection side, a coil end extending in a circumferential direction from the slot accommodation portion in a first layer on an innermost side in the radial direction in the slot and a coil end extending in the circumferential direction from the slot accommodation portion in a second layer extend toward the same direction, or a coil end extending in the circumferential direction from the slot accommodation portion in a (4n+1)th layer and a coil end extending in the circumferential direction from the slot accommodation portion in a (4n+2)th layer extend toward the same side, and
the phase to phase insulators are provided between the coil ends that extend toward directions opposite to each other in the circumferential direction and are adjacent in the radial direction, and the phase to phase insulator is not provided between the coil ends that extend toward the same direction in the circumferential direction and are adjacent in the radial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,511,200

STATOR AND ELECTRIC MOTOR WITH CANCEL COIL FOR REDUCING UNBALANCED MAGNETIC FLUX

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A stator for an electric motor, the stator comprising:a stator core comprising:
a yoke having an annular shape, and
a plurality of teeth protruding from an inner circumferential side of the yoke in a stator radial direction;
a stator coil wound around the teeth, the stator coil being configured to generate a rotating magnetic field as a current is applied to the stator coil; and
a cancel coil extending in a stator axial direction at positions on the inner circumferential side and an outer circumferential side relative to the yoke, the cancel coil being wound around the stator core such that the cancel coil extends in the stator radial direction at positions outside the stator core in the stator axial direction and traverses the yoke,
wherein the stator coil comprises phase coils including a U-phase coil, a V-phase coil, and a W-phase coil,
wherein the U-phase coil, the V-phase coil, and the W-phase coil are connected to one another,
wherein the cancel coil has a plurality of first element coils corresponding to the U-phase coil and wound at different locations, a plurality of second element coils corresponding to the V-phase coil and wound at different locations, and a plurality of third element coils corresponding to the W-phase coil and wound at different locations, and
wherein the cancel coil has a plurality of closed circuits in each of which one first element coil, one second element coil, and one third element coil are connected in series.

US Pat. No. 10,511,199

ROTARY MACHINE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ROTARY MACHINE

IHI CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A rotary machine comprising:an annular stator including:
an annular yoke portion;
salient poles protruding toward a radial inner side and arranged in a circumferential direction; and
a coil provided on the salient poles,
wherein a circumferential surface of each of the salient poles is a tapered surface tapered toward a tip of the salient pole, and
wherein the coil includes:
a first coil having an inner circumferential surface inclined along the tapered surface of the salient pole and an outer circumferential surface inclined toward the radial inner side of the stator; and
a second coil provided on the salient pole adjacent to the salient pole on which the first coil is provided and having an inner circumferential surface inclined along the tapered surface of the salient pole and an outer circumferential surface inclined toward a radial outer side of the stator,
the outer circumferential surface of the first coil is inclined as it approaches the salient pole on which the first coil is provided from a first end portion toward a second end portion of the first coil, wherein the first end portion is on the radial outer side of the stator, and the second end portion is on the radial inner side of the stator, and
the outer circumferential surface of the second coil is inclined as it departs from the salient pole on which the second coil is provided from a third end portion toward a fourth end portion of the second coil, wherein the third end portion is on the radial outer side of the stator, and the fourth end portion is on the radial inner side of the stator.

US Pat. No. 10,511,198

ROTARY ELECTRICAL MACHINE, AND ROTOR FOR ROTARY ELECTRICAL MACHINE

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A rotor for rotary electrical machine provided with a stator, the rotor comprising:a rotor core including a plurality of magnetic poles, each magnetic pole of the rotor having a magnet insertion hole formed in the rotor core, and a permanent magnet inserted into the magnet insertion hole so that a gap in a circumferential direction of the rotor has a gap boundary defined by one circumferentially oriented end of the permanent magnet and an adjacent end surface of the magnet insertion hole defined by the rotor core, wherein
each magnet insertion hole defines a clearance part formed at a position of the magnet insertion hole corresponding to corners at both peripheral ends of the inserted permanent magnet closest to an inner periphery of the rotor core,
at least one said clearance part has a facing surface that is formed to face a radially inwardly oriented surface of the permanent magnet counter to the facing surface of the clearance part,
the facing surface of the at least one said clearance part has facing surface sections between points at which the facing surface changes direction extending linearly between the points so that two obtuse angles are formed by three straight portions of the facing surface contiguous with the points at which the facing surface changes direction, and
the center portion of the three straight portions is parallel to the radially inwardly oriented surface of the permanent magnet counter to the facing surface of the clearance part.

US Pat. No. 10,511,194

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM

Murata Manufacturing Co,....

1. A wireless power transfer system comprising:a power transmitter including a power transmitting coil, a power transmitting resonance capacitor forming a power transmitting resonance mechanism together with the power transmitting coil, and a power-transmitting alternating current voltage generating circuit configured to generate an alternating-current voltage in the power transmitting coil by driving a switching element electrically connected to the power transmitting coil at a predetermined operating frequency to intermittently apply a direct-current input voltage to the power transmitting resonance mechanism; and
a plurality of power receivers, each including a power receiving coil, a power receiving resonance capacitor forming a power receiving resonance mechanism together with the power receiving coil, and a power receiving rectifier circuit connected to the power receiving coil and configured to rectify the alternating-current voltage to a direct-current output voltage;
electric field energy and magnetic field energy of each of the power transmitting resonance mechanism and the power receiving resonance mechanism interact with each other to form an electromagnetic resonance field;
between the power transmitting coil and the power receiving coil, magnetic field coupling by mutual inductance and electric field coupling by mutual capacitance form electromagnetic field resonance coupling; and
power is wirelessly supplied from the power transmitter to the power receivers,
the power receiving rectifier circuit being configured in series with the power receiving resonance mechanism, and configured such that the magnetic field energy of the power receiving resonance mechanism is supplied to a load;
the plurality of power receivers include a first power receiver having a load with a first equivalent resistance value and having a voltage gain whose frequency response is a double-peaked response with two maximum values, the voltage gain being a ratio of the direct-current output voltage to the direct-current input voltage, and a second power receiver having a load with a second equivalent resistance value larger than the first equivalent resistance value and having a voltage gain whose frequency response is a single-peaked response;
for the first power receiver, by setting a coupling coefficient between the power receiving coil of the first power receiver and the power transmitting coil, the voltage gain is determined by a positional relationship between the higher of frequencies corresponding to the two maximum values in the first power receiver and the operating frequency; and
for the second power receiver, a frequency at which the voltage gain is maximum is determined so as to be equal to the operating frequency, and the voltage gain in the second power receiver is determined by setting a coupling coefficient between the power receiving coil of the second power receiver and the power transmitting coil.

US Pat. No. 10,511,191

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER COIL CONFIGURATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus for wirelessly transmitting power, the apparatus comprising:a first coil loop defining a first area, the first coil loop conducting current having a first current value that is proportional to the first area and generating a first magnetic field, wherein the first coil loop includes a first number of turns, the first number of turns being proportional to the first area defined by the first coil loop to achieve the first current value that is proportional to the first area; and
a second coil loop surrounding the first coil loop and defining a second area, the second coil loop conducting current having a second current value that is proportional to the second area and generating a second magnetic field, wherein the second coil loop includes a second number of turns, the second number of turns being proportional to the second area defined by the second coil loop to achieve the second current value that is proportional to the second area, wherein a ratio of the first current value to the first area is equal to a ratio of the second current value to the second area, wherein the second current value is an integer multiple of the first current value, and wherein the second area is an integer multiple of the first area.

US Pat. No. 10,511,185

SOLAR OUTDOOR FURNITURE

ZHEJIANG YOTRIO GROUP CO....

1. Solar outdoor furniture, comprising:a furniture body having an object holding portion, and the object holding portion having a glass panel;
a control module disposed at the object holding portion; and
a solar power generation module disposed at one side of the glass panel and electrically connected with the control module;
wherein the solar power generation module comprises at least one photovoltaic panel, the object holding portion further has an aluminum frame; the glass panel is combined with the aluminum frame below glass panel so as to become a module, the photovoltaic panel is sealed in the module, and a circuit in the aluminum frame is connected to the control module.

US Pat. No. 10,511,179

ENERGY STORAGE-AWARE DEMAND CHARGE MINIMIZATION

NEC Corporation, (JP)

1. A computer-implemented method for power management, comprising:determining a demand threshold by solving an optimization problem that minimizes peak demand charges and maximizes a usable lifetime for a power storage system; and
providing power to a load from an electrical grid when the load is below the demand threshold and from a combination of the electrical grid and the power storage system when the load is above the demand threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,511,177

MODULAR CHARGING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DELIVERING ELECTRIC POWER THROUGH THE SAME

Group Dekko, Inc., Garre...

1. A power delivery system for powering consumer devices, comprising:an AC-to-DC power supply configured to convert input AC power to output initial DC power;
a first power delivery unit electrically coupled to said power supply and having at least one output port, said first power delivery unit being configured as a DC-to-DC power converter which converts the output initial DC power to provide converted DC power through said at least one output port, the converted DC power having at least one of a different voltage and a different current than the output initial DC power; and
a second power delivery unit electrically coupled to one of said power supply and said first power delivery unit through an input port and having at least one output port, said second power delivery unit being configured as a DC-to-DC power converter which converts power received through said input port to provide an output DC power through said at least one output port, the output DC power having at least one of a different voltage and a different current than the power received through said input port, wherein the at least one output port of the second power delivery unit is a universal serial bus (USB) port, wherein the at least one output port of the first power delivery unit is a USB port, the first power delivery unit and the second power delivery unit are electrically connected in series and the first and second power delivery units provide simultaneous electrical power output.

US Pat. No. 10,511,174

MICROINVERTER SYSTEMS AND SUBSYSTEMS

SunPower Corporation, Sa...

1. An alternating current (AC) module system comprising:a plurality of AC photovoltaic (PV) branch circuits;
a PV controller coupled to each of the plurality of ACPV branch circuits and configured to aggregate power from the coupled branch circuits, the PV controller configured to perform a nonredundant ACPV operational function for each of the ACPV branch circuits, the performance of the nonredundant ACPV operational function requiring an exchange of ACPV operational data between the ACPV branch circuits and the PV controller;
a gateway device located within the PV controller configured to permit control of the operational functions of each of the plurality of ACPV branch circuits, the control capable of being performed apart from the PV controller; and
a power supply located within the gateway device configured to supply power to the plurality of ACPV branch circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,511,166

VOLTAGE CONVERTER HAVING A REVERSE POLARITY PROTECTION DIODE

1. A voltage converter comprising:a first input terminal and a second input terminal, wherein an electrical input voltage is applicable between the first input terminal and the second input terminal;
a switch branch having a switch, wherein the switch is configured to close a circuit path between the first input terminal and the second input terminal;
a reverse polarity protection diode which is connected in series with the switch in the switch branch;
a third input terminal, wherein a further electrical input voltage is applicable between the second input terminal and the third input terminal;
a further switch branch having a further switch, wherein the further switch is configured to close a further circuit path between the second input terminal and the third input terminal; and
a further reverse polarity protection diode which is connected in series with the further switch in the further switch branch.

US Pat. No. 10,511,165

CIRCUIT ASSEMBLY FOR PROTECTING A UNIT TO BE OPERATED FROM A SUPPLY NETWORK AGAINST OVERVOLTAGE

1. A circuit assembly for protecting a unit (2) to be operated from a supply network (1) against overvoltage, comprising an input having a first and a second input connection, which are connected to the supply network (1), and an output having a first and a second output connection, to which the unit (2) to be protected can be connected, and a protection circuit which is provided between the first and the second input connections in order to limit the voltage applied to the protection circuit,characterized in that
the protection circuit has a power semiconductor (IGBT; HS), wherein a series connection of a Zener element (ZE) and at least one of a bidirectional diode (diac) and a thyristor diode is connected between the collector and the gate of the power semiconductor, wherein the sum of the Zener voltage and the diode voltage results in a clamping voltage for the power semiconductor (IGBT; HS), which lies above the voltage of the supply network (1) and defines the protection level;
characterized in that
a thyristor (TH) is connected in parallel to the power semiconductor (HS); and
characterized in that
the thyristor's (TH) anode is connected to the collector, and the thyristor's (TH) cathode to the emitter of the power semiconductor (HS), with the thyristor's (TH) gate communicating with the gate of the power semiconductor (HS).

US Pat. No. 10,511,164

APPARATUS FOR PREVENTING ELECTRIC SHOCK IN EVENT OF FLOODING AND METHOD THEREFOR

AMS CO., LTD, Gunpo-si (...

1. An apparatus for preventing electric shock in an event of flooding, the apparatus comprising:a transformer supplying a voltage by using a neutral grounding system in a single-phase two-wire low-voltage power distribution system;
an earth leakage circuit breaker connected to power supply lines extending from the transformer;
an electric current measurement unit measuring the amount of electric current passing through the earth leakage circuit breaker;
a control unit outputting a control signal corresponding to a contact resistance to be compensated for the contact resistance being calculated by using the amount of electric current output from the electric current measurement unit; and
a contact resistance compensation unit compensating for the contact resistance in response to the control signal output from the control unit.

US Pat. No. 10,511,162

RANGE EXTENDER AND CIRCUIT PROTECTION METHOD

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A range extender, comprising:a first DC-to-DC converter having a first input side and a first output side;
a second DC-to-DC converter having a second input side and a second output side, wherein the second output side is coupled to the first output side;
a first bypass device coupled between the first input side and the first output side;
a second bypass device coupled between the second input side and the second output side; and
a controller configured to selectively:
control the first and second DC-to-DC converters to respectively convert a first input voltage at the first input side and a second input voltage at the second input side into an output voltage in a normal mode when the output voltage is higher than a critical voltage;
control the first bypass device such that the first DC-to-DC converter is bypassed in a first safety mode when the output voltage is lower than or equal to the critical voltage and the first input voltage is higher than the second input voltage; and
control the second bypass device such that the second DC-to-DC converter is bypassed in a second safety mode when the output voltage is lower than or equal to the critical voltage and the second input voltage is higher than the first input voltage;
wherein the critical voltage is equal to a difference between the higher of the first and second input voltages and a voltage drop of the respective bypass device.

US Pat. No. 10,511,160

DETECTION AND PROTECTION OF POWER PHASE LOSS AND NEUTRAL FAILURE

1. A protection circuit providing a control voltage to a 3-phase contactor the protection circuit comprising:four input terminals, configured to be connected respectively to three phases and to the neutral line of the 3-phase power supply, wherein the three phases of the 3-phase power supply are inputs to the 3-phase contactor;
an output terminal, providing the control voltage to a control line of the 3-phase contactor; and
a control circuit configured to provide the control voltage to the control line when any one or more of the three phases are live and when the neutral line is connected, and to provide no control voltage when the neutral line is floating
wherein the control circuit is comprised of: at least two cross-connected relays, wherein each relay includes at least one normally open connection and at least one normally close connection, and wherein the output of the at least two cross-connected relays provides a single phase voltage as the control voltage when any one of the three phases is disconnected.

US Pat. No. 10,511,158

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MULTIPLICITY OF SURGE ARRESTERS IN AN ASSEMBLY, SURGE ARRESTER AND SURGE ARRESTER ASSEMBLY

EPCOS AG, Munich (DE)

1. A method for manufacturing a plurality of arresters, the method comprising:providing a ceramic carrier having a plurality of holes;
providing first and second electrode bodies, wherein each of the first and second electrode bodies comprise a plurality of protuberances;
assembling the ceramic carrier and the first and second electrode bodies under a gas atmosphere into a base body, wherein the ceramic carrier is located between the first and second electrode bodies such that the protuberances engage with and extend into the holes of the ceramic carrier;
soldering the first and second electrode body to the ceramic carrier; and
separating the base body into a plurality of gas-filled arresters.

US Pat. No. 10,511,156

LIGHTNING CURRENT TRANSMISSION SYSTEM FOR WIND TURBINES

1. A lightning current transmission system between the blades (10) and a nacelle (13) of a wind turbine, comprising:a metal band (18) located at a root of each blade (10) that receives lightning currents from one or more blade lightning current conductors located inside of each blade (10);
a metal ring (12) located at the nacelle (13) that transmits lightning currents to one or more lightning current conductors to drive the lightning currents to earth;
a lightning current transmission element (33) for transmitting lightning currents from the metal band (18) of each blade (10) to the metal ring (12), comprising a conductive portion (35), an insulating portion (37), and supporting means (30) to be joined to a rotor hub (21);
wherein:
the metal band (18) of each blade (10) and the metal ring (12) are configured with protruding parts (61, 63) extended towards the lightning current transmission element (33);
the conductive portion (35) of the lightning current transmission element (33) comprises first and second receptors (47, 47?) mounted on a base plate (41) at different heights and oriented in a direction pointing, respectively, to the protruding parts (61, 63) of the metal band (18) and the metal ring (12);
the base plate (41) comprises a pair of slotted holes (43, 43?) disposed separately at different heights on the base plate (41) and a pair of circular holes (45, 45?), each circular hole of the pair of circular holes (45, 45?) being disposed next to a center of each slotted hole of the pair of slotted holes (43, 43?) of the base plate (41);
each of the receptors (47, 47?) comprises a slotted hole (49, 49?); and
each of the receptors (47, 47?) is mounted on the base plate (41) with a first fastener (51) positioned on each of the circular holes (45, 45?) of the base plate (41) and on an end of each of the slotted holes (49, 49?) of each of the receptors (47, 47?), and with a second fastener (53) positioned on each of the slotted holes (43, 43?) of the base plate (41) and on each slotted hole of the slotted holes (49, 49?) of the receptors (47, 47?).

US Pat. No. 10,511,155

CABLE CONNECTOR TOOL

1. A connection tool, comprising:a base plate;
an aligning frame having a first end affixed to a first surface of said base plate;
a plurality of alignment apertures located on said aligning frame;
a depth cutoff frame having a first end affixed to said first surface of said base plate, parallel to said aligning frame;
an access area defined between said aligning frame and said depth cutoff frame;
a cutting and stripping assembly affixed to a first side of said depth cutoff frame, facing said access area;
a plurality of bores located on said depth cutoff frame first side, each of said bores are aligned with an individual one of said alignment apertures, and each extending into said depth cutoff frame at a specific depth; and,
wherein said alignment apertures are each configured to permit the passage of a selected amount of cables therethrough, each of said alignment apertures are provided with a plurality of corresponding numbered indicia located on said aligning frame first face to permit for instructional use in a sequential or staggered manner, each said corresponding numbered indicia positioned above said alignment apertures;
wherein said bores are each configured to permit the insertion of said selected amount of cables therethrough; and,
wherein said cutting and stripping assembly is positioned to fully provide a selected cutting or stripping means to said selected amount of cables through coaligned pairs of said apertures and said bores;
wherein said cutting and stripping assembly further comprises:
an upper movable arm having a first end pivotally attached to said depth cutoff frame first side;
a handle disposed on a second end of said upper movable arm;
a replaceable cutting blade removably attached to a bottom portion of said upper movable arm; and,
a fixed anvil affixed to said depth cutoff frame first side, said fixed anvil is subjacent said bores further having a plurality of slots, each said slots are located subjacent each one of said bores;
wherein said fixed anvil is configured to permit the passage of said selected amount of cables within selected ones of said bores;
wherein said bores each has a different depth; and
wherein an upper perimeter edge of said fixed anvil is coaligned with a common centerline of a horizontal axis of said bores.

US Pat. No. 10,511,153

SPARK PLUG

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A spark plug comprising:a ground electrode and
a center electrode
wherein at least one of the ground electrode and the center electrode, as a first electrode, includes:
an electrode body
an electrode tip layered with the electrode body in a layering direction; and
a weld part formed between the electrode body and the electrode tip;
the weld part has an orthogonal projection on a virtual plane perpendicular to the layering direction, wherein the orthogonal projection includes a plurality of projecting portions extending in a specific direction and being arranged in a direction perpendicular to the specific direction, wherein each of the plurality of projecting portions includes a peak in the specific direction;
the weld part satisfies a mathematical expression of B>A, where A represents a length of a first line segment, and B represents a length of a second line segment;
the first line segment is a virtual line segment connecting the peak of a first one of the plurality of projecting portions to the peak of a second one of the plurality of projecting portions adjacent to the first projecting portion; and
the second line segment is a virtual line segment that is perpendicular to the first line segment and connects the first line segment to a point of an outer periphery of the weld part, wherein the point is farthest from the first line segment in a section between the peaks of the first and second projecting portions facing the first line segment.

US Pat. No. 10,511,151

METHOD FOR FABRICATING A NANOSTRUCTURE

Technische Universitaet M...

1. A method for fabricating a nanostructure, comprising:growing a first nanowire on a substrate;
forming a dielectric layer on said substrate, said dielectric layer surrounding said first nanowire, wherein a thickness of said dielectric layer is smaller than a length of said first nanowire; and
removing said first nanowire from said dielectric layer, thereby exposing an aperture in said dielectric layer; and
growing a second nanowire in said aperture on said substrate wherein growing said second nanowire comprises growing a support element in said aperture, and extending said support element above said dielectric layer, and growing a body element around at least a portion of said support element that extends above said dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,511,150

WAVELENGTH-VARIABLE LASER

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A wavelength-variable laser outputting a predetermined wavelength of laser light comprising:a quantum well active layer positioned between a p-type cladding layer and an n-type cladding layer in thickness direction;
a separate confinement heterostructure layer positioned between the quantum well active layer and the n-type cladding layer; and
an electric-field-distribution-control layer positioned between the separate confinement heterostructure layer and the n-type cladding layer and configured by at least two semiconductor layers having band gap energy greater than band gap energy of a barrier layer constituting the quantum well active layer, wherein the wavelength-variable laser has a function to select a specific wavelength by returning a specific wavelength in the wavelength-variable laser.

US Pat. No. 10,511,141

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING OPTICAL RADIATION

SPI Lasers UK Limited, H...

1. Apparatus for providing optical radiation, which apparatus comprises a laser diode, a pulse generator, and a modulator, wherein:the pulse generator is configured to emit picosecond pulses;
the modulator is configured to emit nanosecond pulses;
the laser diode has a first terminal and a second terminal;
the pulse generator is connected to the first terminal; and
the modulator is configured to bias the laser diode below a lasing threshold of the laser diode,
and the apparatus being characterized in that:
the modulator is connected to the second terminal;
the pulse generator comprises a semiconductor junction connected to a differentiator;
the semiconductor junction is such that electric current flowing through the semiconductor junction can be turned off more quickly than it can be turned on; and
the differentiator is such that a step change that occurs when the electric current flowing through the semiconductor junction is turned off is converted to an electrical pulse, thereby gain switching the laser diode such that it emits an optical pulse having an optical pulse width less than 1 ns.

US Pat. No. 10,511,140

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

EPISTAR CORPORATION, Hsi...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a substrate;
multiple radiation emitting regions arranged on the substrate, and comprising:
a first radiation emitting region emitting a coherent light when the light-emitting device is driven by a first current; and
a second radiation emitting region capable of emitting coherent light and emitting an incoherent light when the light-emitting device is driven by the first current; and
a contact layer with multiple discrete contact regions;
wherein each of the first radiation emitting region and the second emitting region comprises a first DBR stack, a light-emitting structure, and a second DBR stack; and
wherein the multiple discrete contact regions has a first contact region on the second DBR stack of the first radiation emitting region and a second contact region on the second DBR stack of the second radiation emitting region.

US Pat. No. 10,511,138

LASER COMPONENT AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors...

1. A laser component comprising a housing that comprises a base section comprising a top side and an underside,wherein a plurality of electrical soldering contact pads are configured at the underside of the base section, said electrical soldering contact pads enabling surface mounting of the laser component,
a plurality of electrical chip contact pads are configured at the top side of the base section and electrically conductively connect to the soldering contact pads,
the housing comprises a cavity adjoining the top side of the base section,
the housing comprises a plastics material,
a laser chip is arranged in the cavity and electrically conductively connects to at least some of the chip contact pads,
the base section comprises a leadframe embedded into the plastics material,
the soldering contact pads and the chip contact pads are formed by surfaces of sections of the leadframe,
the leadframe is completely planar, and
the laser chip comprises an electrical contact pad configured at an underside of the laser chip, wherein the laser chip is arranged on one of the chip contact pads such that the underside of the laser chip faces the chip contact pad.

US Pat. No. 10,511,135

LASER SYSTEM WITH MECHANICALLY-ROBUST MONOLITHIC FUSED PLANAR WAVEGUIDE (PWG) STRUCTURE

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. An apparatus comprising:a planar waveguide (PWG) amplifier having a narrower fast axis dimension and a broader slow axis dimension, the PWG amplifier comprising a core region, a cladding layer, and a rigid structural backbone attached to the cladding layer opposite the core region, the PWG amplifier configured to receive pump light, the core region configured to amplify an input beam using energy from the pump light to generate an amplified output beam; and
a cooling fluid configured to cool the core region, the cladding layer having a lower refractive index than the core region and the cooling fluid having a lower refractive index than the core region and the cladding layer such that the cladding layer and the cooling fluid support guiding of the input beam and the pump light in the fast axis dimension within the PWG amplifier;
the PWG amplifier also comprising first and second endcaps attached to opposite faces of the core region, the cladding layer, and the structural backbone, the first endcap configured to pass the input beam to the core region, the second endcap configured to pass the amplified output beam from the core region;
wherein the core region, the cladding layer, and the endcaps collectively form a monolithic fused structure; and
wherein each of the endcaps has a major outer surface that is larger in area than a combined area of the faces of the core region, the cladding layer, and the structural backbone to which the endcap is attached.

US Pat. No. 10,511,133

DEVICE FOR GENERATING LINEARLY POLARIZED ULTRA-SHORT TERAHERTZ WAVE

Korea Atomic Energy Resea...

1. A device for generating a linearly polarized ultra-short terahertz wave, comprising:a parabolic mirror barrel configured to extend in one direction, and having a parabolic mirror concaved on an upper surface thereof, with an end surface of the parabolic mirror perpendicular to the extending direction forming a parabola;
a plurality of thin films configured to be arranged on the parabolic mirror in the extending direction of the parabolic mirror barrel and having at least some areas thereof disposed to overlap each other; and
an electron accelerator configured to generate an electron beam passing through the plurality of thin films,
wherein spacing spaces are formed between some areas in which the plurality of thin films overlap each other, and when the electron beam passes through the plurality of thin films and the spacing spaces, a linearly polarized terahertz wave is generated between the spacing spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,511,126

MOVABLE CONNECTOR

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A movable connector comprising:a connector having a housing; and
a connector mounting part that has a facing surface that faces the connector and to which the housing is movably mounted with the facing surface facing the connector,
wherein the connector includes at least one mounting pin, each at least one mounting pin comprising a plurality of elastic pieces that are, in cross-section, arranged in a circular configuration,
wherein the connector mounting part includes at least one ring shaped piece defining at least one tubular mounting recess that is configured to receive the at least one mounting pin when the housing is connected to the connector mounting part,
wherein the at least one ring shaped piece has an end extending outwardly from the facing surface of the connector mounting part that faces the connector,
wherein the at least one mounting pin is capable of relative movement inside the at least one tubular mounting recess in directions that intersect a direction in which the at least one mounting pin is inserted into the at least one tubular mounting recess, and
wherein the at least one mounting pin is provided on at least one of the outer peripheral sides of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,511,121

CABLE CONNECTION ASSEMBLIES FOR MARINE PROPULSION, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Pure Watercraft, Inc., S...

1. A connection assembly, comprising:a multi-conductor cable having:
two high voltage power conductor lines;
two low voltage power conductor lines;
two interlock lines; and
two signal lines;
a connector having:
a metal body;
a flange having an outer edge positioned axially outwardly from the metal body, the flange forming a closed shape that encircles an interior volume;
first, second and third insulating bodies positioned within the interior volume;
two high voltage connector sockets, each electrically connected to a corresponding one of the high voltage power conductor lines and housed in a corresponding one of the first and second insulating bodies;
two low voltage connector sockets, each electrically connected to a corresponding one of the low voltage power conductor lines and housed in the third insulating body;
two interlock connector sockets, each electrically connected to a corresponding one of the interlock lines and housed in the third insulating body;
two signal connector sockets, each electrically connected to a corresponding one of the signal lines;
a water resistant seal carried by at least one of the metal body or the flange; and
a latch carried by the metal body and moveable relative to the metal body between an engaged position to secure the connector to a corresponding device, and a disengaged position.

US Pat. No. 10,511,117

CONNECTOR

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A connector, comprising:a housing to be fit into a receptacle of a mating connector; and
a front member to be mounted to a front part of the housing;
the housing including a terminal accommodating portion configured to accommodate terminal fittings and a butting portion substantially in the form of a flat plate extending forward from an outer peripheral edge of the terminal accommodating portion and configured to butt against a back surface of the receptacle when the housing is fit into the receptacle;
the front member including a cover configured to cover a front end of the terminal accommodating portion by being disposed along an inner side surface of the butting portion; and
a formation range of the butting portion is smaller than that of the cover in a length direction of the butting portion in a front view.

US Pat. No. 10,511,101

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A wireless communication module comprising:a dielectric substrate;
at least one first end-fire antenna arranged on the dielectric substrate, having directivity in a direction parallel with a surface of the dielectric substrate, and having polarization characteristics being parallel with a first direction; and
at least one patch antenna arranged on the dielectric substrate and provided with a first feed point and a second feed point, the first and second feed points being different from each other,
wherein when the patch antenna is fed from the first feed point, a radio wave having a polarization direction parallel with the first direction is excited, and when the patch antenna is fed from the second feed point, a radio wave having a polarization direction orthogonal to the first direction is excited.

US Pat. No. 10,511,098

ANTENNAS

1. An antenna, comprising:a metal tube;
a coaxial cable disposed along a central axis of the metal tube; and
a variable-impedance transmission wire structure comprising a dielectric body and a metal part arranged along an axial direction of the coaxial cable,
wherein the metal tube comprises:
a first metal tube, a second metal tube and a third metal tube arranged along the axial direction of the coaxial cable,
wherein
a first dielectric body is disposed in the first metal tube,
a first metal part is disposed in the first metal tube or between the first metal tube and the second metal tube,
a second metal part or a second dielectric body is disposed in the second metal tube,
a third metal part is disposed in the second metal tube or the third metal tube,
and
a fourth metal part is disposed in the third metal tube.

US Pat. No. 10,511,091

DYNAMIC BEAM STEERING FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) having an antenna, comprising:a processor coupled to the antenna and configured with processor-executable instructions to:
orient the antenna towards a serving ground station based on a current position of the UAV;
orient the antenna towards a neighboring ground station when it is time to conduct signal measurements of the neighboring ground station;
conduct the signal measurements of the neighboring ground station while orienting the antenna towards the neighboring ground station;
determine whether signals of the neighboring ground station are stronger than signals of the serving ground station based on the signal measurements of the neighboring ground station while orienting the antenna towards the neighboring ground station; and
perform a handover to the neighboring ground station in response to determining that the signals of the neighboring ground station are stronger than signals of the serving ground station.

US Pat. No. 10,511,087

PARALLEL PLATE ANTENNA

The United States of Amer...

1. An antenna comprising:a base;
a first support coupled to said base and extending perpendicular to said base;
a second support coupled to said base and extending perpendicular to said base, wherein said first support and said second support oppose one another and are spaced apart from one another; and
a plurality of plates spaced apart and parallel to one another, each of said plates being T-shaped to have a trunk and a top wherein a width W1 of said trunk is less than a width W2 of said top, each said trunk coupled to one of said first support and said second support and extending perpendicular thereto wherein a corresponding said top is spaced from an opposing one of said first support and said second support by a distance S to thereby generate a gap region that serpentines between said first support and said second support and around said top of each of said plates;
wherein each of said base, said first support, said second support, and said plates are electrically conductive.

US Pat. No. 10,511,083

ANTENNAS HAVING SYMMETRICAL SWITCHING ARCHITECTURE

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a resonating element arm for an antenna, the resonating element arm having opposing first and second ends;
an antenna ground for the antenna;
a first antenna feed for the antenna, the first antenna feed having a first feed terminal coupled to a first location on the resonating element arm and having a second feed terminal coupled to the antenna ground;
a second antenna feed for the antenna, the second antenna feed having a third feed terminal coupled to a second location on the resonating element arm and having a fourth feed terminal coupled to the antenna ground, the second location being interposed between the first location and the second end of the resonating element arm;
a first adjustable component coupled between a third location on the resonating element arm and the antenna ground, the third location being interposed between the first location and the first end of the resonating element arm; and
a second adjustable component coupled between a fourth location on the resonating element arm and the antenna ground, the fourth location being interposed between the second location and the second end of the resonating element arm, wherein the antenna is operable in a first mode in which the first antenna feed is enabled, the second antenna feed is disabled, the first adjustable component tunes a frequency response of the antenna, and the second adjustable component forms a short circuit path between the resonating element arm and the antenna ground, and in a second mode in which the second antenna feed is enabled, the first antenna feed is disabled, and the second adjustable component tunes the frequency response of the antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,511,067

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO DIVERT INDUCTIVE ENERGY FROM CELLS

1. A battery pack for supplying power to a power tool, the battery pack comprising:a housing having a first terminal and a second terminal and configured to detachable couple to the power tool;
at least one electrochemical cell contained in the housing, the at least one electrochemical cell having a given shape and connected across the first terminal and the second terminal of the housing;
a container contained in the housing, the container having a shape equivalent to the at least one electrochemical cell with dimensions equal to the given shape of the at least one electrochemical cell; and
two or more capacitors electrically coupled together and contained in the container, where the two or more capacitors are connected across the first terminal and the second terminal of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,511,064

BATTERY HAVING DISPLAY FUNCTION AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE CONTAINING SAME

Feitian Technologies Co.,...

1. A battery with displaying function, wherein said battery comprises a volatile displaying layer, a substrate layer and a power supply layer, and the substrate layer is located between the volatile display layer and the power supply layer;the volatile display layer comprises a reflector, a first polarizer, a first optical film, a first electrode layer, a display dielectric layer, a second electrode layer, a second optical film and a second polarizer, the reflector is located between the substrate layer and the first polarizer, the first polarizer is located between the reflector and the first optical film, the first optical film is located between the first polarizer and the first electrode layer, the first electrode layer is located between the display dielectric layer and the first optical film, the display dielectric layer is located between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer, the second electrode layer is located between the second optical film and the display dielectric layer, the second optical film is located between the display dielectric layer and the second polarizer; the first electrode layer is provided to coat on a first surface of the first optical film, the second electrode layer is provided to coat on a second surface of the second optical film, each of the first surface and the second surface connects to the display dielectric layer, and the display dielectric layer is filled with a displaying unit, and the second optical film and the second electrode layer are both made from transparent material;
the power supply comprises a first electrode current collector, a first electrode material, electrolyte, a second electrode material and a second electrode current collector, the electrolyte is located between the first electrode material and the second electrode material, the first electrode material is located between the first electrode current collector and the electrolyte, and the second electrode material is located between the second electrode current collector and the electrolyte;
the substrate layer is PCB substrate, the second electrode current collector and the reflector are both provided to coat on the PCB substrate, and the second electrode current collector, the PCB substrate and the reflector construct a PCB construction.

US Pat. No. 10,511,060

ENCODING METHOD AND DEVICE USING RATE-COMPATIBLE, LOW-DENSITY PARITY-CHECK CODE IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of encoding using a low density parity check (LDPC) code in a communication system, the method comprising:inputting information bits for data transmission;
generating parity bits by LDPC encoding the information bits based on a parity-check matrix consisting of a first sub-matrix having a first code rate and a second sub-matrix having a second code for code extension, wherein the second sub-matrix has a stair-wise lower triangular structure in an extension part; and
outputting the information bits and the generated parity bits.

US Pat. No. 10,511,058

MULTILAYER CABLE-TYPE SECONDARY BATTERY

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A multilayer cable-type secondary battery comprising:a first electrode assembly comprising one or more first inner electrodes and a sheet-type first separation layer-outer electrode complex helically wound to surround outer surfaces of the one or more first inner electrodes;
a separation layer surrounding the first electrode assembly; and
a second electrode assembly comprising one or more second inner electrodes surrounding an outer surface of the separation layer and a sheet-type second separation layer-outer electrode complex helically wound to surround outer surfaces of the one or more second inner electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,511,057

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND A METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for producing a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the method comprising:a step of obtaining a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a non-aqueous electrolyte; and
a step of placing the positive electrode, the negative electrode and the non-aqueous electrolyte in a battery case,
wherein,
the non-aqueous electrolyte comprises a fluorine atom-containing supporting salt and a benzothiophene oxide represented by formula (1):

the benzothiophene oxide is added in an amount of 0.2% by weight to 1.0% by weight in the non-aqueous electrolyte,
the negative electrode comprises a negative current collector and a negative electrode material layer placed on the negative current collector, and
the negative electrode material layer has a BET specific surface area of 2.0 m2/g to 4.9 m2/g.

US Pat. No. 10,511,051

LI-WATER SECONDARY ELECTROCHEMICAL BATTERY

1. A secondary lithium-water electrochemical cell comprising:a. a water splitting of hydrogen and oxygen irreversible bi-functional electrode in contact with an inorganic electrolyte;
b. a reversible lithium electrode in the lithium-water electrochemical cell in contact with an organic electrolyte;
c. a lithium salt in organic and inorganic electrolytes; and
d. a Li+-ion conductive membrane in the lithium-water electrochemical cell disposed between the organic electrolyte and the inorganic electrolyte, wherein the secondary lithium-water electrochemical cell is configured to be charged as a Li—O2 cell and discharged as an Li—H2 cell.

US Pat. No. 10,511,048

METHOD OF PREPARING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method of preparing a negative electrode active material for a lithium secondary battery, the method comprising steps of:depositing an amorphous silicon layer on a surface of a glass substrate by applying silane gas at a rate of 10 sccm/60 min to 50 sccm/60 min in a temperature range of 500° C. to 700° C. and in a pressure range of 10?8 Torr to 760 Torr (S1) through chemical vapor deposition (CVD) using silane (SiH4) gas as a source (S1);
immersing the glass substrate having the amorphous silicon layer deposited thereon in an acetone solution and then performing ultrasonic milling of the amorphous silicon layer at a power of 50 W to 200 W for 10 minutes to 20 minutes at room temperature using an ultrasonic milling machine to prepare amorphous silicon particles (S2);
dispersing the amorphous silicon particles in a carbon-based precursor solution to prepare a dispersion solution (S3);
spray drying the dispersion solution to prepare a silicon-based composite precursor (S4); and
heat treating the silicon-based composite precursor to form a silicon composite which includes an amorphous carbon coating layer containing at least one amorphous silicon particle in inside thereof (S5).

US Pat. No. 10,511,045

FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell comprising:a stacked body formed by stacking a plurality of unit cells;
an end plate arranged on at least one end of the stacked body in a stacking direction;
a fuel cell case including an opening portion having an opening formed therein to receive the stacked body, wherein the opening portion has a substantially polygonal outer circumference shape with a plurality of corners, and holes are formed in the opening portion of the fuel cell case; and
a plurality of types of fasteners with different load resistances that fix the end plate to the opening portion of the fuel cell case to close the opening of the fuel cell case, wherein
a fastener, of the plurality of types of fasteners, of a type with a highest load resistance is arranged at at least one of the plurality of corners of the opening portion,
each of the plurality of types of fasteners is configured to extend within a respective one of the holes formed in the opening portion of the fuel cell case and to exert a force on the end plate in a direction towards the stacked body when each of the plurality of types of fasteners fixes the end plate to the opening portion of the fuel cell case, and
the holes formed in the opening portion of the fuel cell case are arranged on the same side of the end plate as the stacked body.

US Pat. No. 10,511,043

GAS DIFFUSION LAYER FOR FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fuel cell, comprising:a polymer electrolyte membrane having two side surfaces, wherein each side surface includes:
a catalyst layer coated on the side surface of the polymer electrolyte membrane,
a compressible gas diffusion layer (GDL) stacked on the catalyst layer; and
a bipolar plate on the compressible GDL and comprises a major flow field and a minor flow field,
wherein the compressible GDL comprises a dual layer structure including a microporous layer having a pore size of less than 1 ?m when measured by mercury intrusion, the microporous layer composed of the mixture of carbon powder and a hydrophobic agent; and a macroporous substrate having a pore size of 1 to 300 ?m, the macroporous substrate composed of carbon fiber and a hydrophobic agent, and the compressible GDL has a width direction perpendicular to a major flow field direction of the bipolar plate and a length direction which is in parallel with the major flow field direction of the bipolar plate, and
wherein the compressible GDL is prepared by cutting a rolled GDL material at a certain angle in a range of 60°??<90° with respect to a machine direction of the rolled GDL material as determined by the major flow field direction of the bipolar plate, such that a high stiffness direction of the compressible GDL as the machine direction of the rolled GDL material is not parallel with the length direction of the compressible GDL, the machine direction of the rolled GDL material is the high stiffness direction of the compressible GDL,
wherein the high stiffness direction of the compressible GDL as the machine direction of the rolled GDL material is arranged in one direction, the high stiffness direction of the compressible GDL as the machine direction of the rolled GDL material is not parallel with the length direction of the compressible GDL at an angle (?) in a range of 60 °??<90°, formed by the high stiffness direction of the compressible GDL and the length direction of the compressible GDL and, at the same time, with the major flow field direction of the bipolar plate when the compressible GDL is stacked on the bipolar plate to reduce intrusion of the compressible GDL into flow field channels of the bipolar plate.

US Pat. No. 10,511,042

FUEL CELL UNIT AND VEHICLE HAVING FUEL CELL UNIT

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell unit comprising:a fuel cell having single cells laminated in a laminating direction; and
a converter having at least three combinations of a reactor electrically connected with the fuel cell and a power module electrically connected with the reactor, wherein
a direction in which the at least three reactors are arrayed and a direction in which the at least three power modules are arrayed are parallel with the laminating direction of the single cells.

US Pat. No. 10,511,040

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell system configured to generate electric power by supplying an anode gas and a cathode gas to a fuel cell, the fuel cell system comprising:a connection line configured to connect the fuel cell to an electric load;
a converter connected to the connection line and a battery, the converter being configured to adjust a voltage of the connection line; and
a controller programmed to:
calculate a target output current of the fuel cell in accordance with a load of the electric load;
carry out a switching control for the converter in accordance with the target output current;
control a flow rate of the cathode gas to be supplied to the fuel cell in accordance with the target output current; and
calculate the generated electric power of the fuel cell on the basis of a previous value of the target output current calculated by the controller and a detected voltage of the connection line,
wherein the controller is programmed to set up an upper limit to the target output current on the basis of a generated electric power of the fuel cell calculated by the controller and a guaranteed minimum voltage of the connection line for ensuring performance of the fuel cell and the electric load.

US Pat. No. 10,511,037

APPARATUS FOR REMOVING MOISTURE OF STACK ENCLOSURE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An apparatus for removing moisture of a stack enclosure comprising:a protective case accommodating a fuel cell stack therein, the protective case including:
a lower part at, a bottom side of the protective case; and
an upper part at a top side of the protective case and including a pair of sidewalls and a top surface, wherein the upper part is spaced apart at a predetermined distance from the fuel cell stack such that air flows through a space between the upper part and the fuel cell stack as a convection path inside the protective case;
a radiation heater disposed in the convection path at, the lower part of the protective case, such that the radiation heater enables air heated and discharged from the radiation heater to move thermodynamically toward the top surface of the upper part of the protective case along the convection path; and
a cooler disposed in the convection path at the top surface of the upper part of the protective case to cool the air moving along the convection path from the radiation heater, wherein such that the cooler guides the cooled air to move toward the lower part of the protective case such that moisture condensed from the air heated by the radiation heater and then cooled and condensed by the cooler is collected to be discharged outside the protective case.

US Pat. No. 10,511,036

FUEL CELL MODULE WITH ARRANGED RIDGE SEGMENTS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A fuel cell module comprising:a membrane electrode assembly;
a separator; and
a channel forming body disposed between the membrane electrode assembly and the separator, wherein
the channel forming body has:
a gas channel which is provided between a plurality of ridges arrayed on a side of the channel forming body facing the membrane electrode assembly, and through which a gas is supplied to a fuel cell, wherein the plurality of ridges have the same height;
a water conduit which is provided adjacent to the gas channel on a side of the channel forming body facing the separator, and through which water produced from the fuel cell is discharged; and
communication paths that are formed in a partition wall forming each ridge and which provide communication between the gas channel and the water conduit,
wherein each ridge has a central axis extending in the channel extension direction and comprises a plurality of ridge segments arranged in the channel extension direction and separated by communication paths;
when the ridge is seen in a cross-section perpendicular to a channel extension direction, one of left and right upper ends of an external shape of the ridge is shaped so as to be located closer to the central axis of the ridge with respect to another of the left and right upper ends, and
when the ridge is seen in the channel extension direction, portions of the ridge located closer to the center of the ridge in respective ridge segments are formed opposite from each other at left and right upper ends of the external shape of the ridge with the communication paths interposed therebetween and configured such that a gas flow through the gas channel is disturbed in a left-right direction of the left and right upper ends by portions of the ridge located not closer to the center of the ridge at positions where the communication paths are formed in the ridge.

US Pat. No. 10,511,030

ANTI-CORROSION STRUCTURE AND FUEL CELL EMPLOYING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An anti-corrosion structure, comprising:an aluminum layer;
a first anti-corrosion layer, wherein the first anti-corrosion layer is a nickel-tin-containing alloy layer; and
an intermediate layer disposed between the aluminum layer and the first anti-corrosion layer, wherein the intermediate layer is a nickel-tin-aluminum-containing alloy layer.

US Pat. No. 10,511,028

ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE, FUEL CELL INCLUDING SAME, BATTERY MODULE INCLUDING FUEL CELL, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An electrolyte membrane which comprises a lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide, and has a color region of 0.39?x?0.40 and 0.35?y?0.36 based on the CIE (Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage) x, y chromaticity distribution table,wherein the electrolyte membrane manufactured by a method comprising:
preparing a mixture comprising a precursor of a lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide comprising evaporating moisture and heating to induce a combustion reaction;
warming the mixture to a temperature of 800° C. or more and less than 950° C., thereby synthesizing the precursor in the mixture into lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide particles; and
forming the electrolyte membrane by using a slurry comprising the lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide particles,
the synthesized composite metal oxide particles comprise lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide particles which are represented by the following Chemical Formula 1, and secondary phase particles,
a content of the secondary phase particles is 5 wt % or more and 30 wt % or less based on the total weight of the synthesized composite metal oxide particles,
wherein the lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide of the electrolyte membrane is represented by the following Chemical Formula 1:
La1-xQxGa1-yZyO3-?  [Chemical Formula 1]
in Chemical Formula 1,
Q is strontium, Z is magnesium, and 0

US Pat. No. 10,511,027

BATTERIES AND RELATED STRUCTURES HAVING FRACTAL OR SELF-COMPLEMENTARY STRUCTURES

Fractal Antenna Systems, ...

1. A battery comprising:a first electrode including a surface having a plurality of fractal features, wherein the plurality of fractal features include diffusion-limited aggregation (DLA) tree structure, wherein the DLA tree structure comprises a Brownian tree;
a second electrode, wherein the second electrode comprises a plurality of self-complementary features, wherein the plurality of self-complementary features include a conductive portion that includes a conductive material and a non-conductive portion that does not include a conductive material, and wherein the conductive portion and the non-conductive portion have shapes that are self-complementary to one another on an exposed surface of the second electrode; and
an electrolyte, wherein in operation the electrolyte forms a first conductive path ionically connecting the first electrode to the second electrode, and a second conductive path, separate from the first conductive path, connecting the first electrode to the second electrode, wherein an electrical circuit is formed;
wherein the first electrode DLA tree structure forms an interface with the electrolyte.

US Pat. No. 10,511,024

ELECTRODE FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An electrode for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the electrode comprising:an electrode mixture layer containing a hollow active material particle and a needle-shaped filler particle, wherein
the needle-shaped filler particle consists of cellulose or polyacrylonitrile in the shape of a hollow cylindrical shell having an outer diameter of 0.1 to 10 ?m, an outer cylindrical surface extending along an entire length of the needle-shaped particle, and an inner cylindrical surface extending along the entire length of the needle-shaped particle, the inner cylindrical surface defining a single through-hole of the needle-shaped particle,
the needle-shaped filler particle is arranged on an outer surface of the hollow active material particle such that the outer cylindrical surface of the needle-shaped particle contacts the outer surface of the hollow active material particle,
the hollow active material particle is a secondary particle that includes an outer shell defined by an aggregate of primary particles, a hollow interior portion enclosed and surrounded by the outer shell, and at least one through-hole in the outer shell such that the hollow interior portion is in fluid communication with an exterior of the hollow active particle, and
an average particle size of the hollow active material particle is 3 to 25 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,511,022

LEAD-BASED ALLOY AND RELATED PROCESSES AND PRODUCTS

RSR TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A lead-based alloy comprising, in percent by total alloy weight:0.0090% to 0.0600% bismuth;
0.0075% to 0.0025% antimony;
0.0075% to 0.0125% arsenic;
0.0035% to 0.0060% tin;
up to 0.0100% silver;
up to 0.0010% thallium; and
balance lead and incidental impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,511,020

NICKEL COMPOSITE HYDROXIDE PARTICLE AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO....

1. A process for producing a positive electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery; comprising the following processes (a) to (c):(a) a process for calcining at least one of nickel hydroxide and nickel oxyhydroxide, which contains nickel as a major component and at least one element selected from the group consisting of transition metal elements other than nickel, group II elements and group XIII elements as a subsidiary component in a nonreducing atmosphere having a temperature of 500° C. to 850° C., to prepare a nickel oxide;
(b) a process for preparing a calcined powder represented by the following formula (1):
LiaNi1-bMbO2  (1)
wherein M is at least one element selected from the group consisting of transition metal elements other than Ni, group II elements and group XIII elements, and a satisfies 1.00?a?1.10, and b satisfies 0.01?b?0.5,
which comprises mixing the nickel oxide with a lithium compound so that the molar ratio of lithium included in the lithium compound to the total moles of nickel, transition metal elements other than nickel contained in the nickel oxide, group II elements and group XIII elements is 1.00 to 1.10, and thereafter calcining the resulting mixture in an oxygen-containing atmosphere at a temperature of 650 to 850° C.; and
(c) a process for preparing powder of lithium-nickel composite oxide, which comprises preparing a slurry comprising the calcined powder in a concentration of 500 to 2000 g/L, washing the calcined powder with water in the form of slurry for a period of time which satisfies the following formula (2):
B/40 wherein A is a period of time for washing with water, of which unit is represented by minute, and B is a concentration of a slurry, of which unit is represented by g/L, and thereafter filtering and drying the slurry.

US Pat. No. 10,511,018

CONDUCTIVE COATINGS FOR ACTIVE ELECTROCHEMICAL MATERIALS

Physical Sciences, Inc., ...

1. A method for producing a coated powder electrode, the method comprising:homogeneously mixing an electrochemically active material including electrochemically active particles with conductive particles 5-50 nm in size in a ratio determined by the surface area of the electrochemically active particles to localize the conductive particles about each electrochemically active Particle;
adding a polymer and mixing to secure the conductive particles about each electrochemically active particle;
adding a binder dispersed in a solvent to produce an electrode; and
the polymer not soluble in the solvent.

US Pat. No. 10,511,013

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL WITH PROTECTED NEGATIVE ELECTRODE

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A method of fabricating a negative electrode for an electrochemical cell, comprising:providing a substrate, said substrate being electrically conductive;
depositing a metal layer on said substrate;
anodizing said metal layer to form a porous layer on said substrate;
depositing a layer of ion conducting material on said porous layer, said layer of ion conducting material extending at least partially into pores of said porous layer;
densifying said layer of ion conducting material;
depositing a layer of alkali metal on the densified layer of ion conducting material;
attaching a temporary electrode to said layer of alkali metal and passing a current between said temporary electrode and said substrate to drive alkali metal through the densified layer of ion conducting material to the surface of said substrate, forming an alkali metal reservoir at the surface of said substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,511,011

ELECTROLYTE IMPREGNATION APPARATUS

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. An electrolyte impregnation apparatus comprising:a pressing unit comprising a pressing plate that presses a battery cell in which an electrode assembly and an electrolyte are accommodated; and
an ultrasonic vibration unit installed to a portion or the whole of the pressing plate to apply ultrasonic vibration to the battery cell,
wherein the ultrasonic vibration unit comprises:
an ultrasonic vibration element applying the ultrasonic vibration to the battery cell;
a fixing member for fixing the ultrasonic vibration element to the pressing surface of the pressing plate; and
a protection cover having flexibility disposed on an outer circumferential surface of the fixing member.

US Pat. No. 10,511,010

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising: a conductive outer case, an electrode body in the outer cane, a conductive seal plate closing an open end of the outer can, and an external terminal on the seal plate; anda current cutoff mechanism that is located on an electrical conduction pathway between the external terminal and the electrode body, the current cutoff mechanism cutting off electrical connection between the external terminal and the electrode body in response to an increase in an internal pressure in the battery,
wherein the current cutoff mechanism including a thin portion of the seal plate and a diaphragm that deforms to cut off the electrical connection between the external terminal and the electrode body in response to the increase in the internal pressure in the battery,
the electrode body and the seal plate electrically connected by a collector lead, and the diaphragm and the collector lead connected by the seal plate, and
the seal plate directly contacts the outer can.

US Pat. No. 10,510,997

FILM-COVERED BATTERY

Envision AESC Energy Devi...

1. A film-covered battery that houses, in a film covering material obtained by stacking a heat sealing layer, a barrier layer, and a protective layer, a battery element obtained by arranging positive and negative electrodes through separators and that has a sealing portion that seals a periphery of the film covering material housing the battery element, the sealing portion comprising: an agglomeration/sealing portion; and a first interface bonding portion having a bonding interface between portions of the film covering material, the first interface bonding portion being provided so as to be adjacent to the battery element housing portion side of the agglomeration/sealing portion, wherein a curved portion is formed in at least a part of a bonding boundary of the first interface bonding portion.

US Pat. No. 10,510,994

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ORGANIC DEVICE, AND ROLL

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A method of manufacturing an organic device using a belt-shaped flexible substrate in a continuously-conveyed manner, the substrate being provided with lead portions having a gas barrier property at a one end and another end in a longitudinal direction, the method comprising:a formation step of forming at least one of an electrode layer and an organic functional layer on the substrate in a region not provided with the lead portions;
a winding step of winding the substrate in a roll shape after the formation step; and
a storage step of storing the roll-shaped substrate after the winding step.

US Pat. No. 10,510,993

PRODUCTION METHOD FOR EL DEVICE

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A production method for an EL device including a base material, a TFT layer, and an EL layer;the production method comprising:
forming at least a portion of the base material from a first resin film obtained by curing a first solution applied and a second resin film obtained by curing a second solution applied,
wherein a viscosity of the first solution is made higher than a viscosity of the second solution,
the first solution and the second solution are applied by using a slit coater, and
the application of the first solution is performed by mixed application of a base solution having a lower viscosity than the first solution and a thickener.

US Pat. No. 10,510,992

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A method for manufacturing a light-emitting device, comprising:providing first and second electrodes over a substrate;
providing a first organic layer over the first electrode and a second organic layer over the second electrode;
providing a third electrode over the second organic layer to form a light-emitting element comprising the second and third electrodes, and the second organic layer;
providing a support over the first electrode and the light-emitting element with a resin layer therebetween;
making a cut overlapping with the first electrode in at least the support;
partly removing the resin layer by using the cut to form an opening overlapping with the first electrode; and
removing the first organic layer remaining on the first electrode after foaming the opening,
wherein the first and second organic layers each contain a light-emitting substance.

US Pat. No. 10,510,990

GROOVE STRUCTURE FOR PRINTING OLED DISPLAY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR OLED DISPLAY

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A groove structure for printing OLED display, the groove is disposed on a substrate and comprises: a causeway, a groove surrounded and formed by the causeway;the causeway comprising: a first branch causeway layer, and a second branch causeway layer stacked on the first branch causeway layer;
an inclining inner peripheral surface of the groove formed by the first branch causeway layer forming a contact angle ranging from 10° to 45° with the HIL ink of the OLED, and an inclining inner peripheral surface of the groove formed by the second branch causeway layer forming a contact angle ranging from 30° to 60° with the HIL ink of the OLED, and an inclining inner peripheral surface of the groove formed by the second branch causeway layer forming a contact angle ranging from 10° to 45° with the HTL ink and the EML ink of the OLED.

US Pat. No. 10,510,985

POLYMER HARD COAT AND METHODS OF PREPARATION

MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, C...

1. A hard coat, comprising:additive particles dispersed in a polymer, wherein the additive particles are silicon dioxide, the hard coat is formed from a dispersion applied to a front side of a polyimide (PI) substrate with a thickness of 0.05 millimeters (mm) and 57.8 wt % silicon dioxide, the dispersion is applied to a back side of the PI substrate with 35.3 wt % silicon dioxide, the hard coat has a haze of at most 0.5% and a transmission of at least 90%, wherein the dispersion comprises a polymerizable monomer, a dispersant, and a solvent, and
the hard coat may be bent to a diameter of at least 10 mm without breaking, bucking or delaminating.