US Pat. No. 10,428,301

SYSTEM, APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MATERIAL PREPARATION AND/OR HANDLING

Keck Graduate Institute, ...

1. A system to perform lysis, the system comprising:a container having at least one chamber to hold a material to be lysed and a lysing particulate material, the chamber having:
a first opening to provide fluid communication with the chamber from an exterior thereof and to receive the material to be lysed;
a second opening to provide fluid communication with the chamber from an exterior thereof and to provide an exit to the chamber for the material to be lysed;
a first filter positioned adjacent the second opening, the first filter having a plurality of apertures sized to pass the material that has been lysed and to block the lysing Particulate material;
a second filter positioned adjacent the first opening, the second filter having a plurality of apertures sized to pass the material to be lysed and to block the lysing particulate material;
a medium that includes the lysing particulate material and a fluid;
an impeller having a number of blades received in the chamber of the container; and
a micromotor coupled to the impeller, in operation, the micromotor turns the impeller which causes the impeller to agitate the material to be lysed in the chamber along with the medium that includes the lysing particulate material and the fluid to mechanically lyse the material.

US Pat. No. 10,428,300

CELL CULTURING DEVICE

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An automatic cell culture system comprising:a culture vessel comprising a first vessel and a second vessel, the first vessel being positioned within the second vessel and having a culture surface formed of a permeable membrane;
wherein the first vessel comprises a first port configured to supply a liquid into the first vessel and discharge a gas from the first vessel, and a second port configured to discharge a liquid from the first vessel;
wherein the second vessel comprises a third port configured to supply a liquid into the second vessel and discharge a gas from the second vessel, and a fourth port configured to discharge a liquid from the second vessel;
the culture vessel further comprising:
at least one flow channel for discharging the gas discharged from the first port and the third port to outside air at atmospheric pressure;
at least one filter provided in the at least one flow channel; and
at least one collecting unit disposed between the first port and the third port, and the at least one filter in the at least one flow channel, the at least one collecting unit collecting moisture from the discharged gas.

US Pat. No. 10,428,299

MIXING DEVICE FOR MIXING THE CONTENTS OF A CONTAINER

Sartorius Stedim Biotech ...

1. A mixing device (1) for mixing contents of a container (12), the container having a removal side (17) that defines a side of the container (12) designated for collection and removal of the contents of the container (12), comprising:a container support (3) configured for supporting the container (12); and
a moving device (5) connected to the container support (3) and operative for generating movement of the container support (3) so that the contents of the container (12) can be mixed when the container support (3) is in a mixing position; wherein:
the container support (3) has a positioning device (11) designed to position the container (12) in a predetermined or predeterminable position on the container support (3), so that the removal side (17) of the container (12) is arranged substantially along a predetermined line (19) of the container support (3),
the container support (3) is mounted to be pivotable about a removal pivot axis (21) relative to the moving device (5) to move the container (12), which can be positioned on the container support (3), into a removal position,
the removal pivot axis (21) is arranged at a pivot axis angle of over 0° to 45° to the predetermined line (19) of the container support (3) so that the container (12) positioned on the container support (3) can be moved from the mixing position by means of a pivoting movement of the container support (3) about the removal pivot axis (21) into the removal position in which the removal side (17) is located on a lower side of the container (12) and also inclined toward a removal region (23) on the removal side (17) of the container (12).

US Pat. No. 10,428,291

ASHLESS OIL ADDITIVES AND THEIR USE AS TBN BOOSTERS

Cummins Filtration IP, In...

1. An engine oil composition, comprising:an engine oil; and
an ashless oil additive comprising at least one diazabicyclo or triazabicyclo compound, wherein the diazabicyclo or triazabicyclo compound comprises at least three tertiary amines.

US Pat. No. 10,428,289

METHODS FOR MAKING AND DISTRIBUTING BATCHES OF BUTANE-ENRICHED GASOLINE

1. An automated method of generating key performance indicators of a butane blending operation comprising:a) providing a central information processing unit that maintains hourly time;
b) providing a petroleum conduit and a flow of petroleum through said conduit;
c) providing a butane supply and a butane blending system on said petroleum conduit;
d) detecting points in time when said butane blending system stops and resumes operation;
e) associating said points in time with said hourly time, and generating data corresponding to segments of hourly time when said butane blending system stopped and resumed operation during a given time frame (“inoperative time segments”).

US Pat. No. 10,428,277

DEVICE FOR PROCESSING SCRAP RUBBER

1. A rubber waste recycling device comprising:a reactor provided with a screw and disposed in a heating chamber, the reactor comprising two similar sections arranged in a horizontal plane and connected in parallel on a side surface;
a thermal decomposition assembly comprising screws with heating pipes installed along each screw's axis, the screws being arranged in each of the two similar sections of the reactor;
plates installed along a full length of each screw in parallel at the angles of an equilateral triangle, the plates being in contact and perpendicular to the side surface of each of the heating pipes;
a pipe coil installed inside each heating pipe, a cylindrical furnace directly connected to one end of each heating pipe and the other end of each heating pipe being connected to an inlet of the heating chamber, the cylindrical furnace being provided with an evaporator and a burner installed at an end of the furnace tangentially to a side surface of the furnace and perpendicularly to an axis of the furnace, each pipe coil's outlet being connected to the reactor;
a condenser having an outlet connected to a separator to separate liquids into hydrocarbons and water, a gas outlet of the condenser being connected to the heating pipes;
the evaporator having an inlet and an outlet, the outlet of the evaporator being connected to an inlet of the coil pipe and the inlet of the evaporator being connected to a water outlet of the separator;
a calorifer comprising a calorifer inlet, a calorifer outlet and a calorifer heating chamber, the calorifer outlet being connected to a flue gas stack, and inlet of the calorifer heating chamber being connected to atmosphere, an outlet of the calorifer heating chamber being connected to each of the heating pipe;
a cyclone filter having a filtering element of a heat-resistant carbon cloth bag with a shaker, and having a heating jacket having an inlet connected to the outlet of the heating chamber and an outlet of the heating jacket connected to the calorifer inlet, an outlet of the cyclone filter being connected to an inlet of the condenser;
a vapor-gas mixture extractor comprising two perforated pipes with a plugged inlet of each of the two perforated pipes, the two perforated pipes being arranged in an upper portion of the reactor, one perforated pipe in each of the two similar sections, outlets of the two perforated piped being connected to an inlet of the cyclone filter;
a solid residue discharge connected to an inlet of a magnetic separator, the magnetic separator having an outlet connected to an electrostatic separator.

US Pat. No. 10,428,273

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOUND HAVING BENZOPYRAN SKELETON, LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

JNC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition, containing at least one compound represented by formula (1) as component (a):
wherein, in formula (1),
R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen, alkyl having 1 to 16 carbons, alkenyl having 2 to 16 carbons, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl or cyclopentyl, and in the alkyl and the alkenyl, at least one —CH2—is optionally replaced by —O—, —S—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOO—, —C?C—, cyclopropane-1,2-diyl or —Si(CH3)2—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen is optionally replaced by fluorine or chlorine, and in the groups, at least one —CH3 is optionally replaced by any one of monovalent groups (G1) to (G4) below;

wherein, in groups (G1) to (G4),
R3 is alkyl having 1 to 12 carbons or alkenyl having 2 to 12 carbons, and in the alkyl and the alkenyl, at least one —CH2 — is optionally replaced by —O—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen is optionally replaced by fluorine or chlorine; and
in formula (1),
ring A1 and ring A2 are independently 1 ,4-cyclohexylene, 1,4-cyclohexenylene, 1,4-phenylene, decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl, tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl or naphthalene-2,6-diyl, and in the groups, one or two pieces of —CH2 — is optionally replaced by —O—, —S—, —CO—, —CF2—, —SiH2— or —Si(CH3)2—, and one or two pieces of —CH2CH2 — is optionally replaced by —CH?CH— or —CH?N—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen on an aromatic ring is optionally replaced by halogen, —CF3, —CHF2, —CH2F, —OCF3, —OCHF2, —OCH2F, or —C?N;
Z1 and Z2 are independently a single bond or alkylene having 1 to 4 carbons, and one —CH2— is optionally replaced by —O— or —CO—, and at least one —CH2CH2— is optionally replaced by —CH?CH— or —C?C—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen is optionally replaced by fluorine or chlorine;
X, L1 and L2 are independently hydrogen or halogen;
Y is —CO— or —CF2—; and
a and b are independently 0, 1 or 2.

US Pat. No. 10,428,265

SELECTIVE ACIDIZING OF A SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method of acidizing a subterranean formation, comprising:pumping an acid-resisting treatment composition comprising a surface modification agent comprising at least one of a tackifying agent or resin, a hydroxy-reactive organosilicon compound, or a phosphonate compound into the subterranean formation, wherein the acid-resisting treatment composition further comprises about 0.001 wt % to about 10 wt % of a viscosifier; then
producing an at least partially acid-resistant coating comprising the surface modification agent or a reaction product thereof on at least a part of the subterranean formation; and then
pumping an acidizing composition into the subterranean formation, wherein the acidizing composition at least one of etches and dissolves another part of the subterranean formation substantially free of the acid-resistant coating.

US Pat. No. 10,428,263

LOW TEMPERATURE WATERLESS STIMULATION FLUID

LINDE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,...

1. A method of treating a subsurface formation, comprising:increasing a pressure of an unfractionated hydrocarbon liquid mixture;
cooling the pressurized unfractionated hydrocarbon liquid mixture to a temperature at or below 0 degrees Fahrenheit;
mixing the cooled and pressurized unfractionated hydrocarbon liquid mixture with a foaming agent and a gas to form a waterless stimulation fluid comprising foam, wherein the unfractionated hydrocarbon liquid mixture comprises ethane, propane, butane, isobutane, pentane, and less than 1 percent methane, and wherein the unfractionated hydrocarbon liquid mixture is a byproduct of a de-methanized hydrocarbon stream; and
injecting the waterless stimulation fluid into the subsurface formation at the temperature at or below 0 degrees Fahrenheit to thermally fracture the subsurface formation.

US Pat. No. 10,428,261

RESIN COMPOSITE WITH OVERLOADED SOLIDS FOR WELL SEALING APPLICATIONS

CSI TECHNOLOGIES LLC, Ho...

1. A method of formulating a sealant to span an opening and form a seal with surfaces around the opening at a sealing location; comprising:selecting a fluid material capable of contacting and adhering to the surfaces around the opening and which reacts to form a solid material as a result of reaction thereof; and
selecting and intermixing at least one solid particulate material with the fluid material to form a composite;
locating the composite at the sealing location prior to the formation of the solid material, and wherein the at least one solid particulate material to move migrates within the composite to form a solids enhanced portion and a solids depleted portion of the composite at the sealing location;
wherein the solids enhanced portion has at least one of the following properties:
a thermal expansion factor of 45 or less;
an exothermic factor of 1.1 or less;
a heat flow factor of 5.5 or less;
a heat duration factor of 55 or less; and
a set time/cool down factor of 1.0 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,428,245

MOISTURE- AND HEAT-CROSSLINKABLE POLYURETHANE-BASED ADHESIVE COMPOSITION COMPRISING A LOW CONTENT OF ISOCYANATE MONOMER

BOSTIK SA, La Plaine St ...

1. A crosslinkable adhesive composition comprising:a) from 40 to 60 wt % of at least one polyurethane obtainable by a polyaddition reaction:
of at least one aromatic or aliphatic diisocyanate that is:
a1) isophorone diisocyanate,
a2) 2,4-toluene diisocyanate,
a3) diphenylmethane-2,4?-diisocyanate,
a4) an allophanate derivative of hexamethylene diisocyanate of formula (I):

in which:
p is an integer in the range from 1 to 2;
q is an integer in the range from 0 to 9;
R represents a hydrocarbon chain, saturated or unsaturated, cyclic or acyclic, linear or branched, comprising from 1 to 20 carbon atoms;
R3 represents a divalent alkylene group, linear or branched, having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms;
or a mixture of said aromatic or aliphatic diisocyanates,
with at least one polyether diol, with or without the presence of at least one reaction catalyst, at a reaction temperature T1 below 95° C., in anhydrous conditions, and in amounts of diisocyanate(s) and of polyether diol(s) leading to an NCO/OH molar ratio, designated r1, in the range from 1.6 to 1.9; said polyurethane having formula (II)
in which:R1 represents an aliphatic or aromatic divalent group:
a1?) a divalent group derived from isophorone diisocyanate:

a2?) a divalent group derived from 2,4-toluene diisocyanate:

a3?) a divalent group derived from diphenylmethane-2,4?-diisocyanate:
ora4?) a divalent group derived from an allophanate of hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) of formula (III):

in which:
p is an integer in the range from 1 to 2;
q is an integer in the range from 0 to 9;
R represents a hydrocarbon chain, saturated or unsaturated, cyclic or acyclic, linear or branched, comprising from 1 to 20 carbon atoms;
R3 represents a divalent alkylene group, linear or branched, having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms;
R2, which may be identical to or different from R3, represents a divalent alkylene group, linear or branched, having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms;
n is a non-zero integer such that the number-average molecular weight of the polyether block of formula [OR2]n— is in the range from 2000 to 12000 g/mol;
m is an integer such that the number-average molecular weight of the polyurethane is in the range from 3000 to 21000 g/mol;
b) from 39 to 59 wt % of at least one compatible tackifying resin, with a number-average molecular weight in the range from 200 Da to 5000 Da, and selected from the resins obtained by one of the following methods:
b1) polymerization of terpene hydrocarbons in the presence of Friedel-Crafts catalysts, followed by reaction with phenols,
b2) polymerization of alpha-methylstyrene, followed by reaction with phenols; and
c) from 0.01 to 1 wt % of at least one crosslinking catalyst, said percentages being expressed by weight relative to the total weight of the adhesive composition.

US Pat. No. 10,428,242

SLURRY COMPOSITION FOR CHEMICAL MECHANICAL POLISHING

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A slurry composition for chemical mechanical polishing, the slurry composition comprising:ceramic polishing particles;
a dispersion agent;
a pH control agent and
an additive having affinity with silicon nitride, the additive having affinity with silicon nitride including a group that forms a covalent bond with an amine group of silicon nitride or an electrostatic interaction bond with an amine group of silicon nitride, the group not forming a hydrogen bond with a hydroxyl group in the dispersion agent.

US Pat. No. 10,428,240

METHOD FOR PREPARING SLURRY COMPOSITION AND SLURRY COMPOSITION PREPARED THEREBY

KCTECH CO., LTD., Anseon...

1. A method of preparing a slurry composition, the method comprising:preparing a raw material slurry composition by mixing cerium oxide abrasive particles, a dispersant and water;
pulverizing the cerium oxide abrasive particles in the raw material slurry composition;
removing massive particles and agglomerated particles from the raw material slurry composition by putting the raw material slurry composition containing the pulverized cerium oxide abrasive particles into a separation device comprising a horizontal cylindrical rotating body and centrifuging the raw material slurry composition; and
obtaining a massive particles and agglomerated particles-removed slurry composition,
wherein a particle size ratio of the abrasive particles in the massive particles and agglomerated particles-removed slurry composition is 0.3 to 1.0 by Equation 1:
(B2?A2)/(B1?A1),  [Equation 1]
wherein A1 denotes D1 particle size before classification,
B1 denotes D99 particle size before classification,
A2 denotes D1 particle size after classification, and
B2 denotes D99 particle size after classification.

US Pat. No. 10,428,239

RESIN COMPOSITION, RESIN FILM, METHOD FOR PRODUCING RESIN FILM, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A method for producing a resin film comprising:coating two or more a delamination films with a resin composition to produce two or more resin-formed films each having a resin composition layer on each of the delamination films, and
superimposing the resin composition layers of the two or more resin-formed films with each other; wherein the resin composition comprises:
(A) a silicone resin containing a constitutional unit shown by the following composition formula (1) and having a weight average molecular weight of 3,000 to 500,000,
wherein R1 to R4 each independently represent a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, with the proviso that the both of R3 and R4 are not methyl groups at the same time; “m” and “n” are each independently an integer of 0 to 300; the both of “a” and “b” are positive numbers satisfying a+b=1; each of “X” independently represents a divalent linking group shown by the following general formula (2) or a divalent linking group shown by the following general formula (3), with the proviso that part of or all of the “X” in the formula are divalent linking group(s) shown by the following general formula (2), and when the molar number of a unit shown by the following general formula (2) is defined as “c”, and the molar number of a unit shown by the following general formula (3) is defined as “d”, a ratio between the “c” and the “d” is in a range of 0?d?1 when the “c” is assumed to be 1;wherein R5 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and “p” is an integer of 0 to 7;wherein R6 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, R7 and R8 each independently represent a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, with the proviso that the both of R7 and R8 are not methyl groups at the same time, “q” and “r” are each independently an integer of 0 to 300, and “k” is an integer of 0 to 7;(B) an epoxy resin-curing agent; and
(C) a filler;wherein the mass fraction of the component (C) is 50 to 95% by mass based on the total mass.

US Pat. No. 10,428,235

PROCESS FOR PREPARING TRANSPARENT/SEMI-TRANSPARENT COLOR DISPERSIONS AND THE COLOR DISPERSIONS MADE THEREOF

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A process for making a transparent/semi-transparent color dispersion comprisinga first step of contacting water, a first colorant, and a polysaccharide selected from methylcellulose, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, and a mixture thereof to form a first colorant dispersion;
wherein the first colorant dispersion comprises based on total weight of the first colorant dispersion, from 0.05 wt. % to 10 wt. % of the first colorant, and from 0.05 wt. % to 10 wt. % of the polysaccharide; and
a second step of contacting the first colorant dispersion with a protective composition comprising an aqueous dispersion of polymer particles, clay, and a peptizing agent to form a dispersion of protected first colorant particles;
wherein the composition comprises based on total weight of the protective composition, from 10 wt. % to 70 wt. % of the polymer particles, from 0.05 wt. % to 10 wt. % of the clay, and from 0.05 wt. % to 2 wt. % of the peptizing agent;
wherein the weight to weight ratio of the first colorant dispersion to the protective composition is from 1:30 to 5:1; and
wherein the transparent/semi-transparent aqueous color dispersion contains substantially no organic solvent.

US Pat. No. 10,428,232

INK SET, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An ink set comprising:an ink A, comprising water, an organic solvent A, a self-dispersible pigment, an anionic resin particle, and an amine compound having a boiling point of 120-200 degrees C.; and
an ink B, comprising water, an organic solvent B, and a resin-coated pigment,
wherein, a mass content ratio of the anionic resin particle to the amine compound in the ink A is from 10:1 to 100:1, and
a mass content ratio of the resin-coated pigment to the amine compound in the ink A is from 10:1 to 150:1.

US Pat. No. 10,428,206

PROCESS FOR THE CONTINUOUS SYNTHESIS OF A MODIFIED DIENE ELASTOMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A process for the continuous synthesis of a modified diene elastomer comprising at least one silicon atom directly connected to the elastomer chain, comprising:a) a stage of polymerization by means of n reactors r1 to rn which are equipped with an internal stirring system, which are assumed perfectly stirred and which are arranged in series, n varying from 2 to 15, the reactor r1 being fed by an input solution comprising a solvent, one or more monomers, an anionic polymerization initiator and a polar agent, one or more of the reactors r2 to rn additionally being fed by reinjection of a purified solution comprising solvent and/or monomer(s), the purity of the or of each reinjected solution being such that the proportion of the number of dead chains in the output stream from the reactor rn is less than 30%, of the number of living chains initiated in the reactor r1, the temperature of each reactor varying from 20° C. to 150° C., and being greater than or equal to the temperature of the reactor which immediately precedes it, the temperature of the reactor rn being greater than the temperature of the reactor r1,
the amount by weight W1 of monomer(s) introduced into the reactor r1 being such that:

the amount by weight Wi? of monomer(s) reinjected into the reactor ri?, when Wi??0, i? varying from 2 to n, being such that:

and such that Wi? represents from 5% to 100% by weight of the weight of the solution reinjected into the reactor ri?, when Wi? 0,
where Wi is the amount by weight of monomer(s) introduced into the reactor ri, i varying from 1 to n,
the amount by weight of all of the monomers entering the reactors r1 to rn representing from 5% to 25% by weight of the sum of the total inputs by weight of the reactors r1 to rn,
the overall conversion by weight Ci? in each reactor ri? being such that:

where Pi? is the weight of polymer formed at the outlet of the reactor ri?, i? varying from 1 to n?1, and
Cn is the overall conversion by weight in the reactor rn, with

where Pn is the weight of polymer formed at the outlet of the reactor rn,
b) a stage of modification of the living diene elastomer obtained in the preceding stage and exhibiting a polydispersity index varying from 1.1 to 2 by means of at least one functionalization, coupling or star-branching agent, which makes it possible to introduce, into the elastomer, a functional group comprising at least one silicon atom directly connected to the elastomer chain.

US Pat. No. 10,428,203

PNEUMATIC TIRE

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A pneumatic tire, formed from a rubber composition, the rubber composition comprising:a hydrogenated styrene-butadiene copolymer which is a random copolymer of a styrene and a 1,3-butadiene, wherein the styrene-butadiene hydrogenated copolymer has a degree of hydrogenation of the butadiene units of 90 mol % to 99 mol %, and a styrene content of 30% by mass or more;
silica; andat least one ofa first silane coupling agent represented by the following Formula (2-1):
whereinR101 represents a monovalent group selected from —Cl, —Br, —OR106, —O(O?)CR106, —ON?CR106R107, —ON?CR106R107, —NR106R107 or —(OSiR106R107 )h(OSiR106R108),where R106, R107, and R108 may be the same or different, and each represent a hydrogen atom or a C1-C18 monovalent hydrocarbon group, and h has a value, on average, of 1 to 4;
R102 represents R101, a hydrogen atom, or a C1-C18 monovalent hydrocarbon group;
R103 reprersents R101, R102, a hydrogen atom, or the group: —[O(R109O)j]0.5—, where R109 represents a C1-C18 alkylene group, and j represents an integer of 1 to 4;
R104 represents a C1-C18 divalent hydrocarbon group;
R105 represents a C1-C18 monovalent hydrocarbon group; and
x, y, and z are numbers satisfying the following relations: x+y+2z=3, 0?x?3, 0?y?2, and 0 ?z?1,ora second silane coupling agent comprising a linking unit A represented by Formula (2-2) below and a linking unit B represented by Formula (2-3) below:
whereinx represents an integer of 0 or more;
y represents an integer of 1 or more;
R201 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a branched or unbranched C1-C30 alkyl group, a branched or unbranched C2-C30 alkenyl group, a branched or unbranched C2-C30 alkynyl group, or the alkyl group in which a terminal hydrogen atom is replaced with a hydroxy group or a carboxyl group; and
R202 represents a branched or unbranched C1-C30 alkylene group, a branched or unbranched C2-C30 alkenylene group, or a branched or unbranched C2-C30 alkynylene group; and R201 and R202 may together form a cyclic structure,
the rubber composition comprising, per 100% by mass of a rubber component, 90% to 100% by mass or more of the hydrogenated copolymer,
the silica being present in amounts of 45 to 100 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the rubber component, and
the first silane coupling agent and/or the second silane coupling agent being present in a combined amount of 1 to 10 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the silica.

US Pat. No. 10,428,195

POLYMERIC MATERIAL FOR AN INSULATED CONTAINER

Berry Plastics Corporatio...

1. An insulative material comprising a first polymer material, a second polymer material, a chemical blowing agent, and a nucleating agent, whereinthe second polymer material is at least about 15 wt % of the insulative material
the chemical blowing agent is up to about 2 wt % of the insulative material,
the nucleating agent is up to about 2 wt % of the insulative material, and
wherein the insulative material is non-aromatic and has a density of about 0.01 g/cm3 to about 0.19 g/cm3, and
wherein the first polymer material comprises a polypropylene homopolymer,
wherein the second polymer material comprises a polypropylene homopolymer.

US Pat. No. 10,428,192

CARBON FIBER REINFORCED MOLDING MATERIAL AND SHAPED PRODUCT

Teijin Limited, Osaka-Sh...

1. A plate-shaped carbon fiber reinforced molding material comprising a thermoplastic resin, carbon fibers (A) and carbon fibers (B), wherein: i) the carbon fibers (A) have fiber lengths ranging from 0.01 mm to less than 3 mm, ii) the carbon fibers (B) have fiber lengths ranging from 3 mm to less than 100 mm, iii) 1.3

US Pat. No. 10,428,182

SULFIDE-BASED POLYMER, FILM COMPRISING SAME AND METHOD FOR PREPARING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A polymer comprising:a first unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 1; and
a second unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 2:

wherein, in Chemical Formulae 1 and 2, R1 to R9 are the same as or different from each other, and each independently hydrogen;
deuterium; a halogen group; a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group; a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group; a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; or a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic group, or adjacent substituents bond to each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic cyclic group;
a to h are each an integer of 0 to 4, i is an integer of 0 to 8;
when a to i are 2 or greater, substituents in the parentheses are the same as or different from each other; and
m and n are each an integer of 1 to 1000.

US Pat. No. 10,428,179

POLYMERIC MATERIALS

VICTREX MANUFACTURING LIM...

1. A process for the production of a polymeric material having a repeat unit of formula—O-Ph-O-Ph-CO-Ph-  Iand a repeat unit of formula—O-Ph-Ph-O-Ph-CO-Ph-  II
wherein Ph represents a phenylene moiety, said process comprising polycondensing a mixture of at least one dihydroxybenzene compound and at least one dihydroxybiphenyl compound in the molar proportions 65:35 to 95:5 with at least one dihalobenzophenone in the presence of sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate wherein:
(i) the mole % of said potassium carbonate is 4% and is defined as

US Pat. No. 10,428,169

POLYMER, COMPOSITION, OPTICAL FILM, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A branched polymer, comprising:(i) a mesogenic group-containing monomeric first component selected from the group consisting of a compound represented by General Formula (X) and a compound represented by General Formula (I),
Qx1-Lx1-Cyx1-Lx2?Cyx2-Lx3?nxCyx3-Lx4-Qx2   General Formula (X)
in the formula, QX1 and QX2 each independently represent a polymerizable group, LX1 and LX4 each independently represent a divalent linking group, LX2 and LX3 each independently represent a single bond or a divalent linking group, CyX1, CyX2, and CyX3 represent a divalent cyclic group, and nx represents an integer of 0 to 3,

in General Formula (I), Y11, Y12 and Y13 each independently represent a methine which may be substituted or a nitrogen atom, L1, L2, and L3 each independently represent a single bond or a divalent linking group, H1, H2, and H3 each independently represent General Formula (I-A) described below or General Formula (I-B) described below, and R1, R2, and R3 each independently represent General Formula (I-R) described below,

in General Formula (I-A), YA1 and YA2 each independently represent methine which may have a substituent or a nitrogen atom, XA represents an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, methylene, or imino, * represents a bonding position with respect to an L1 side to an L3 side in General Formula (I) described above, and ** represents a bonding position with respect to an R1 side to a R3 side in General Formula (I) described above,

in General Formula (I-B), YB1 and YB2 each independently represent methine which may have a substituent or a nitrogen atom, XB represents an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom, methylene, or imino, * represents a bonding position with respect to an L1 side to an L3 side in General Formula (I) described above, and ** represents a bonding position with respect to an R1 side to a R3 side in General Formula (I) described above, and
*?Lr1-Q2?n1Lr2-Lr3-Q1   General Formula (I-R)
in General Formula (I-R), * represents a bonding position with respect to an H1 side to an H3 side in General Formula (I), Lr1 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group, Q2 represents a divalent group having at least one type of cyclic structure, n1 represents an integer of 0 to 4, Lr2 and Lr3 each independently represent a divalent linking group, Q1 represents a polymerizable group or a hydrogen atom, and here, at least two of a plurality of Q1's represent a polymerizable group; and
(ii) a fluorine-containing monomeric second component represented by General Formula (a) described below,

in General Formula (a), Ra1 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and Ra2 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms or an alkenyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms in which at least one carbon atom has a fluorine atom as a substituent.

US Pat. No. 10,428,164

PRINTING MATERIAL FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING APPARATUS

XYZprinting, Inc., New T...

1. A printing material for a three-dimensional printing apparatus, comprising:a wire comprising a core and a shell;
wherein a Shore hardness of the core is A45-A90;
the shell covers the core, wherein a Shore hardness of the shell is D40-D85, and the Shore hardness of the shell is higher than the Shore hardness of the core;
a volume percentage of the shell is 10% to 30%, and a volume percentage of the core is 70% to 90%,
wherein the wire has a diameter of 1.7 mm to 3.1 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,428,122

TUBERCULOSIS COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF TREATING OR PREVENTING TUBERCULOSIS

International AIDS Vaccin...

1. A fusion protein comprising at least four or five Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) antigens, wherein the Mtb antigens are chosen from Rv1009, Rv3136, Rv3615c, Rv2628, Rv2034, and Rv3136 N-terminus, and wherein the fusion protein is chosen from:Rv1009-Rv2628-Rv3615c-Rv3136;
Rv1009-Rv2034-Rv2628-Rv3615c-Rv3136;
Rv1009-Rv3615c-Rv2034-Rv2628;
Rv3615c-Rv2034-Rv2628-Rv1009;
Rv2034-Rv3615c-Rv2628-Rv3136;
Rv3136-Rv2628-Rv3615c-Rv2034;
Rv1009-Rv3136Nt-Rv2628-Rv2034-Rv3615c;
Rv2034-Rv3615c-Rv3136Nt-Rv2628-Rv1009;
Rv3615c-Rv2628-Rv1009-Rv3136Nt-Rv2034;
Rv1009-Rv2628-Rv3136Nt-Rv2034-Rv3615c;
Rv2628-Rv3136Nt-Rv1009-Rv2034-Rv3615c; and
Rv2628-Rv3136Nt-Rv2034-Rv3615c-Rv1009.

US Pat. No. 10,428,112

MULTIPLEXED SAME TYPE-ANTIGENIC PEPTIDE

RIKEN, Wako-shi, Saitama...

1. A multiplexed same type-antigenic peptide comprising a dendritic core and B-cell recognition peptides, wherein the multiplexed same type-antigenic peptide comprises 4 to 8 B-cell recognition peptides of the same type, which are bound to the terminal ends of the dendritic core directly or via a spacer, and production of a class-switched antibody is induced by directly stimulating B cells in vivo in the absence of a T cell epitope; wherein the dendritic core has the following structure:

US Pat. No. 10,428,109

PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF 1,5-BENZOTHIAZEPINE COMPOUNDS

1. A process for the preparation of a compound of formula (I):
comprising reacting a compound of formula (II):

with a compound of formula (III):

wherein
R6 is a suitable protecting group;
to obtain a compound of formula (IV):

and deprotecting said compound of formula (IV) to obtain the compound of formula (I).

US Pat. No. 10,428,108

DIFLUOROKETAMIDE DERIVATIVES

Hoffmann-La Roche Inc., ...

1. A compound of formula (I)
wherein:
R1 is alkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, haloalkyl, optionally substituted heterocycloalkylalkyl optionally substituted arylalkyl or optionally substituted heteroarylalkyl, wherein each moiety is optionally substituted by one to three substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyano, hydroxyl, alkoxy, haloalkoxy or phenyl;
R2, R3 R4, R6, R7 and R9 are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl or cycloalkyl;
R5 is optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted arylalkyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl or optionally substituted heteroarylalkyl, wherein each moiety is optionally substituted by one to three substituents independently selected from halogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyano, hydroxyl, alkoxy, haloalkoxy or phenyl;
R8 is optionally substituted adamantylalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkyl, optionally substituted cycloalkylalkyl, optionally substituted dicycloalkylalkyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted arylalkyl, optionally substituted arylalkenyl, optionally substituted diarylalkyl, optionally substituted aryloxyalkyl, optionally substituted diaryloxyalkyl, optionally substituted arylaryloxyalkyl, optionally substituted heteroarylaryloxyalkyl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted heteroarylalkyl, optionally substituted heteroarylalkenyl, optionally substituted arylheteroarylalkyl, optionally substituted arylheteroaryloxyalkyl or optionally substituted aryloxyheteroarylalkyl, wherein each moiety is optionally substituted by one to three substituents independently from selected halogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyano, hydroxyl, alkoxy, haloalkoxy or phenyl;
wherein a heterocycloalkyl moiety is a ring system of 4 to 9 ring atoms, comprising 1, 2, or 3 ring heteroatoms selected from N, O and S, the remaining ring atoms being carbon, heteroaryl moiety is a ring system of 5 or ring atoms, comprising 1, 2, 3 or 4 heteroatoms selected from N, O and S; the remaining ring atoms being carbon and an aryl moiety is a monovalent aromatic carbocyclic mono- or bicyclic ring system comprising 6 to 10 carbon ring atoms;
or, a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,105

ALKYNYL NUCLEOSIDE ANALOGS AS INHIBITORS OF HUMAN RHINOVIRUS

Novartis AG, Basel (CH)

1. The compound:
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,103

LABELLED NUCLEOTIDES

Illumina Cambridge Limite...

1. A nucleoside or nucleotide comprising a base attached to a detectable label via a phosphine-cleavable linker comprising a disulfide, wherein the nucleoside or nucleotide comprises a ribose or deoxyribose moiety with a hydroxyl protecting group attached to the 2? or 3? oxygen atom, and wherein the protecting group is azidomethyl.

US Pat. No. 10,428,102

GLYCOLIPIDS AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS THEREOF FOR USE IN THERAPY

THE UNIVERSITY OF NOTTING...

1. A compound of Formula Ie:or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in medicine,wherein:
R1 a carbohydrate group;
R2 is selected from hydrogen, a C1-C24 alkyl or a C1-C24 derivative of an alkyl group, a C2-C24 alkenyl or a C2-C24 derivative of an alkenyl group, and a C2-C24 alkynyl group or a C2-C24 derivative of an alkynyl group;
R3 is selected from hydrogen, a C1-C24 alkyl or a C1-C24 derivative of an alkyl group, a C2-C24 alkenyl or a C2-C24 derivative of an alkenyl group, and a C2-C24 alkynyl group or a C2-C24 derivative of an alkynyl group;
X is either absent or is -O-, -NRa-, -S- or -CRaRb-, wherein Ra and Rb are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and C1-C4 alkyl; and
n is an integer from 1 to 6;
wherein said derivative of alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group is composed of said alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group wherein one or more of the hydrogen atoms in the hydrocarbon chain of said derivative are replaced with substituent groups selected from hydroxyl, amino, carboxyl, aryl, or heteroaryl groups

US Pat. No. 10,428,100

SUBSTITUTED LEAD HALIDE PEROVSKITE INTERMEDIATE BAND ABSORBERS

UChicago Argonne, LLC, C...

1. A substituted perovskite comprising:a material having the formula:
APb1-xBxBr3-yCly,
where A is a cation, B is Fe or Co, X is greater than 0 and less than 1 and y is 0-3).

US Pat. No. 10,428,095

COMPOUNDS FOR TREATMENT OF COMPLEMENT MEDIATED DISORDERS

Achillion Pharmaceuticals...

1. A compound of structureor a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,082

TRIAZOLE DERIVATIVES OF MELAMPOMAGNOLIDE B AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

BioVentures, LLC, Little...

1. A compound of Formula (II):
wherein:
R1, R2, R3, R4, and R5 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, hydrocarbyl, substituted hydrocarbyl, alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, alkenyl, substituted alkenyl, alkynyl, substituted alkynyl, aryl, substituted aryl, alkylaryl, substituted alkylaryl, arylalkyl, substituted arylalkyl, arylalkenyl, substituted arylalkenyl, arylalkynyl, substituted arylalkynyl, heteroaryl, substituted heteroaryl, methyl, trifluoromethyl, halogen, cyano, nitro, amidine, amino, carboxyl, ester, alkylalkylamino, dialkylamino, hydroxyl, alkoxy or arylalkoxy (e.g. methoxy, ethoxy, benzyloxy, substituted benzyloxy) and combinations thereof; and R1 and R2 or R2 and R3 or R3 and R4 or R4 and R5 together can optionally form an optionally substituted cycloalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl 5 or 6 membered ring.

US Pat. No. 10,428,074

PYRROLE HETEROARYL RING DERIVATIVE AND METHOD OF USE THEREOF

Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine ...

4. A process for preparing (3aR,5S,6aS)-N-(3-methoxyl- 1,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)-5-(methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)hexahydrocyclopenta[c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxamide:or a tautomer, mesomer, racemate, enantiomer, diastereomer, or mixture thereof, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof according to claim 1, the process comprising reacting a compound of formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, with compound 34c to obtain (3aR,5S,6aS)-N-(3-methoxyl-1,2,4-thiadiazol-5-yl)-5-(methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)hexahydrocyclopenta[c]pyrrole-2(1H)-carboxamide:or the tautomer, mesomer, racemate, enantiomer, diastereomer, or mixture thereof, or the pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,wherein:
R2 is methyl;
A is nitrogen;
L is a bond;
each of R, R1, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, R12, R13, R14 is hydrogen; and
each of p, q, s, and t is 1.

US Pat. No. 10,428,069

6-FUSED HETEROARYLDIHYDROPYRIMIDINES FOR THE TREATMENT AND PROPHYLAXIS OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION

Hoffmann-La Roche Inc., ...

1. A compound of formula (I)whereinR1 is hydrogen, halogen or C1-6alkyl;
R2 is hydrogen or halogen;
R3 is hydrogen or halogen;
R4 is C1-6alkyl;
R5 is hydrogen or carboxy;
R6 is hydrogen, C1-6alkoxycarbonyl or carboxy-CmH2m—;
X is carbonyl or sulfonyl;
Y is —CH2—, —O— or —N(R7)—, wherein R7 is hydrogen, C1-6alkyl, C3-7cycloalkyl, C1-6alkoxycarbonyl-CmH2m—, —CmH2m—COOH, —(C1-6alkoxy)C1-6alkyl-COOH, —C1-6alkyl-O—C1-6alkyl-COOH, —C3-7cycloalkyl-CmH2m—COOH, —CmH2m—C3-7cycloalkyl-COOH, hydroxy-CmH2m—, carboxyspiro[3.3]heptyl or carboxyphenyl-CmH2m—;
W is —CH2—, —C(C1-6alkyl)2-, —O— or carbonyl;
n is 0 or 1; and
m is 0-7;
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salts or enantiomer thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,068

FUSED AMINO PYRIDINE AS HSP90 INHIBITORS

Curis, Inc., Lexington, ...

1. A method of treating an inflammatory disease or immune system disorder in a subject in need thereof, the method comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound represented by formula I:or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, prodrug or solvate thereof, wherein;U is CH;
W is hydrogen, halogen, amino, hydroxy, thiol, alkyl, substituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy, substituted or unsubstituted alkylamino, substituted or unsubstituted dialkylamino, substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio, substituted or unsubstituted alkylsulfonyl, CF3, NO2, CN, N3, sulfonyl, acyl, aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl, substituted heteroaryl, heterocyclic, substituted heterocyclic, cycloalkyl, or substituted cycloalkyl;
X is absent, O, S, S(O), S(O)2, N(R8), C(O), CF2, C(R8) or C2-C6 alkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, C2-C6 alkynyl in which one or more methylene can be interrupted or terminated by O, S, SO, SO2, N(R8), C(O), where R8is hydrogen, acyl, aliphatic or substituted aliphatic;
Y is independently hydrogen, halogen, NO2, CN, or lower alkyl;
Z is amino, substituted or unsubstituted alkylamino, substituted or unsubstituted dialkylamino, substituted or unsubstituted alkylcarbonylamino;
Q is aryl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl, substituted heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, or heterocycloalkyl;V is hydrogen, straight- or branched-, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl, which one or more methylenes can be interrupted or terminated by O, S, S(O), SO2, N(R8), C(O), substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl, substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic; substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl; where R8is hydrogen, acyl, aliphatic or substituted aliphatic, wherein said inflammatory disease or immune system disorder is selected from rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, juvenile chronic arthritis, graft versus host disease, psoriasis, asthma, spondyloarthropathy, Crohn's Disease, inflammatory bowel disease, colitis ulcerosa, alcoholic hepatitis, Sjoeqrens's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, ankylosing spondylitis, membranous qlomerulopathy, discogenic pain and systemic lupus erythematosus.

US Pat. No. 10,428,064

FUSED-TRICYCLIC INHIBITORS OF KRAS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

Araxes Pharma LLC, San D...

1. A compound having the following structure (I?a):or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, stereoisomer or prodrug thereof, wherein:A is a carbocyclic, heterocyclic or heteroaryl ring;
G1 and G2 are each independently N or CH;
L1 is a bond or NR5;
L2 is a bond or alkylene;
R1 is aryl or heteroaryl;
R2a, R2b and R2c are each independently H, amino, halo, hydroxyl, cyano, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 alkylaminyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 haloalkoxy; C3-C8 cycloalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, C2-C6 alkynyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, aminylalkyl, alkylaminylalkyl, cyanoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, aminylcarbonylalkyl, aminylcarbonyl, heteroaryl or aryl;
R3a and R3b are, at each occurrence, independently H, —OH, —NH2, —CO2H, halo, cyano, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkoxy, C3-C8 cycloalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, C2-C6 alkynyl, hydroxylalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, aminylalkyl, alkylaminylalkyl, cyanoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, aminylcarbonylalkyl or aminylcarbonyl; or R3a and R3b join to form a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring; or R3a is H, —OH, —NH2, —CO2H, halo, cyano, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkoxy, C3-C8 cycloalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, C2-C6 alkynyl, hydroxylalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, aminylalkyl, alkylaminylalkyl, cyanoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, aminylcarbonylalkyl or aminylcarbonyl, and R3b joins with R4b to form a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring;
R4a and R4b are, at each occurrence, independently H, —OH, —NH2, —CO2H, halo, cyano, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkoxy, C3-C8 cycloalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, C2-C6 alkynyl, hydroxylalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, aminylalkyl, alkylaminylalkyl, cyanoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, aminylcarbonylalkyl or aminylcarbonyl; or R4a and R4b join to form a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring; or R4a is H, —OH, —NH2, —CO2H, halo, cyano, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkoxy, C3-C8 cycloalkyl, heterocyclylalkyl, C2-C6 alkynyl, hydroxylalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, aminylalkyl, alkylaminylalkyl, cyanoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, aminylcarbonylalkyl or aminylcarbonyl, and R4b joins with R3b to form a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring;
R5 is, at each occurrence, independently H, C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C8 cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl;
m1 and m2 are each independently 1, 2 or 3;
represents a double or triple bond;
Q is —C(?O)—, —C(?NR8?)—, NR8C(?O)—, —S(?O)2— or NR8S(?O)2;
R8 is H, C1-C6 alkyl, hydroxylalkyl aminoalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, aminylalkyl, alkylaminylalkyl, cyanoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, aminylcarbonylalkyl, C3-C8 cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl;
R8? is H, —OH, —CN or C1-C6 alkyl;
when is a double bond then R9 and R10 are each independently H, halo, cyano, carboxyl, C1-C6 alkyl, alkoxycarbonyl, aminylalkyl, alkylaminylalkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, heteroaryl or hydroxylalkyl, or R9 and R10 join to form a carbocyclic, heterocyclic or heteroaryl ring; and
when is a triple bond then R9 is absent and R10 is H, C1-C6, alkyl, aminylalkyl, alkylaminylalkyl or hydroxylalkyl.

US Pat. No. 10,428,062

GEMINAL SUBSTITUTED AMINOBENZISOXAZOLE COMPOUNDS AS AGONISTS OF ?7-NICOTINIC ACETYLCHOLINE RECEPTORS

Axovant Sciences GmbH, B...

1. A compound represented by Formula (Ia) or Formula (Ib):wherein:R1 and R2 independently represent an unbranched C1-C4-alkyl radical or a branched C3-C4-alkyl radical; or the C(R1)(R2) moiety forms a (3-4 membered)-carbocycle, wherein R1 and R2 taken together represent a C2-C3-alkyl di-radical; wherein the unbranched C1-C4-alkyl radical, the branched C3-C4-alkyl radical, and the C2-C3-alkyl di-radical may be independently substituted with up to 4 radical substituents selected from the group consisting of: -D, —F, —Cl, —CN, —CH3, —CH2CH3, ?O, and —OR3;
R3 independently represents —H; an unbranched C1-C4-alkyl radical; a branched C3-C4-alkyl radical; or a C3-C4-cycloalkyl radical; wherein the unbranched C1-C4-alkyl radical, the branched C3-C4-alkyl radical, and the C3-C4-cycloalkyl radical may be independently substituted with up to 4 radical substituents selected from the group consisting of: -D, —F, —Cl, —CN, ?O, —OH, —OC1-C4-alkyl, and —OCF3,
R4 and R5 independently represent —H, -D, or halogen radical;
R6 independently represents —F, —Cl, —Br, —CN, —CH3, —CH2CH3, cyclopropyl radical, —CHF2, —CH2F, —CF3, —CH2CF3, —OCH3, —OCH2CH3, —OCH(CH3)2, —O-cyclopropyl, or —OCF3; and
R7 independently represents —H, -D, —F, —Cl, —CN, —CH3, —CH(CH3)2, cyclopropyl radical, cyclobutyl radical, —CH2F, —CHF2, —CF3, —CH2CF3, —OCH3, —OH3, —OCH2CH3, —OCH(CH3)2, —O-cyclopropyl, —OCF3, or —OCH2CF3;or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,060

PI-KINASE INHIBITORS WITH ANTI-INFECTIVE ACTIVITY

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A compound of the formula (XXI)
wherein:
R2 is alkoxy or substituted alkoxy;
R3 is hydrogen, lower alkyl or substituted lower alkyl;
Y3 is CH;
Z2 is absent;
R1 is aryl, substituted aryl, alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, heterocycle or substituted heterocycle; and
R4 is selected from alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, alkyl-cycloalkyl, substituted alkyl-cycloalkyl, alkyl-aryl, substituted alkyl-aryl, aryl, substituted aryl, heterocycle, substituted heterocycle, alkyl-heterocycle and substituted alkyl-heterocycle, wherein the substituted alkyl, the substituted cycloalkyl, and the substituted alkyl-cycloalkyl are not substituted with an oxo or a thioketo;
or a prodrug thereof, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,059

COMPOUNDS AND METHODS OF TREATING OR AMELIORATING AN IL-1R-MEDIATED DISEASE OR DISORDER USING SAME

Drexel University, Phila...

1. A method of relieving or improving an IL-1R-mediated disease or disorder in a mammal, wherein the IL-1R-mediated disease or disorder is scleroderma or systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus), the method comprising administering to the mammal a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound, or a salt, tautomer or solvate thereof, wherein the at least one compound is a compound of formula (XI):
wherein in (XI):
each occurrence of R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of H and methyl;
R2 is O or —NH; and
R3 is optionally substituted phenyl or naphthyl.

US Pat. No. 10,428,057

BICYCLO[1.1.1]PENTANE INHIBITORS OF DUAL LEUCINE ZIPPER (DLK) KINASE FOR THE TREATMENT OF DISEASE

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A method of treating a disease selected from the group consisting ofchemotherapy-induced cognitive deficits (CICD),
chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairment (CICI),
chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN),
diabetic neuropathy,
Alzheimer's disease,
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,
frontotemporal dementia,
Huntington's disease,
Kennedy's disease,
Lewy body disease,
Parkinson's disease,
progressive supranuclear palsy,
spinocerebellar ataxia,
traumatic brain injury (TBI), and
traumatic injury to the central nervous system or peripheral nervous system neurons,
the method comprising administering to a patient in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula I:

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
wherein:
X1 is selected from C or N;
X2 is selected from C or N;
exactly one of X1 and X2 is N;
X3 is N;
X4 and X5 are C;
X1, X2, X3, X4, and X5 form a five membered heteroaryl;
R1 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl, or heterocycloalkyl, any of which is optionally substituted with one to three R5 groups;
R2 is H or is selected from alkyl, amino, aryl, cycloalkyl, haloalkyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycloalkyl, or sulfonylalkyl, any of which is optionally substituted with one to three R6 groups;
R3 is selected from H, alkyl, (alkoxy)alkyl, (arylalkoxy)alkyl, (heteroarylalkoxy)alkyl, cyano, cycloalkyl, halo, haloalkoxy, or haloalkyl;
R4 is (NR4a)2, wherein each R4a is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-4alkyl, or C1-4haloalkyl;
or R3 and R4 together with the atoms to which they are attached form a 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl or heteroalkyl ring, optionally substituted with one to three R7 groups;
each R5 and R6 is independently selected from C1-4alkyl, C1-4haloalkyl, C1-4alkoxy, C1-4haloalkoxy, C1-4-alkylthio, C1-4haloalkylthio, aryl, heteroaryl, C3-7cycloalkyl, C3-7heterocycloalkyl, (aryl)C1-4alkyl, (heteroaryl)C1-4alkyl, (C3-7cycloalkyl)C1-4alkyl, (C3-7heterocycloalkyl)C1-4alkyl, (ethenyl)C1-4alkyl, (ethynyl)C1-4alkyl, (aryl)C1-4alkoxy, (heteroaryl)C1-4alkoxy, (C3-7cycloalkyl)C1-4alkoxy, (C3-7heterocycloalkyl)C1-4alkoxy, (aryl)C1-4alkylthio, (heteroaryl)C1-4alkylthio, (C3-7cycloalkyl)C1-4alkylthio, (C3-7heterocycloalkyl)C1-4alkylthio, amino, halo, hydroxy, cyano, or oxo; and
each R7 is independently selected from C1-4alkyl, C1-4haloalkyl, C1-4alkoxy, C1-4haloalkoxy, aryl, heteroaryl, C3-7cycloalkyl, C3-7heterocycloalkyl, (aryl)C1-4alkyl, (heteroaryl)C1-4alkyl, (C3-7cycloalkyl)C1-4alkyl, (C3-7heterocycloalkyl)C1-4alkyl, halo, hydroxy, cyano, or oxo.

US Pat. No. 10,428,054

KYNURENINE-3-MONOOXYGENASE INHIBITORS, PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS, AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

CHDI Foundation, Inc., N...

1. A method of treating a condition or disorder mediated by Kynurenine 3-mono-oxygenase activity in a subject in need of such a treatment, wherein the method comprises administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound of formula:or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, whereinR1 is 1,3-benzothiazol-2-yl, 2-methyl-1,3-benzothiazol-6-yl, 8-chloroquinoxalin-6-yl, 8-chloroquinolin-6-yl, 7-chloro-2-methyl-1-benzofuran-5-yl, 7-chloro-1-benzofuran-5-yl, 8-chloroisoquinolin-6-yl, 5-chloroquinazolin-7-yl, 8-chloroquinazolin-6-yl, 8-chlorocinnolin-6-yl, 4-chlorobenzo[d]oxazol-6-yl, 4-chloro-2-methylbenzo[d]oxazol-6-yl, 4-chloro-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-6-yl, 7-chlorobenzo[d]oxazol-5-yl, 7-chloro-2-methylbenzo[d]oxazol-5-yl, 7-chlorobenzo[d]thiazol-5-yl, 7-chloro-2-methylbenzo[d]thiazol-5-yl, 7-chloro-1H-indol-5-yl, 7-chloro-1H-indazol-5-yl, 7-chloro-1-methyl-1H-indazol-5-yl, 7-chlorobenzo[d]isoxazol-5-yl, 7-chloro-1-methyl-1H-indol-5-yl, or 7-chlorobenzofuran-5-yl;
X is —CR2R3—;
R2 and R3 are independently chosen from hydrogen, optionally substituted amino, hydroxyl, lower alkoxy, and optionally substituted lower alkyl;
L is —C(O)O—;
R5 is hydrogen; and
R6 and R7 are independently chosen from hydrogen, halo, optionally substituted amino, hydroxyl, lower alkoxy, and optionally substituted lower alkyl; and
wherein the condition or disorder is Huntington's Disease, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, dystonia, multiple sclerosis, stroke, cerebral ischemia, AIDS-dementia complex, or AIDS-induced encephalopathy.

US Pat. No. 10,428,045

BENZAZEPINE COMPOUNDS, CONJUGATES, AND USES THEREOF

Silverback Therapeutics, ...

1. A conjugate represented by the formula:wherein Antibody is an antibody construct, L3 is a linker moiety, and D is a compound represented by the structure of Formula (IIB):or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:L10 is selected from —C(O)—, and —C(O)N(R10)—*, wherein * represents where L10 is bound to R5—;
L2 is selected from —C(O)— and —C(O)N(R10)—;
R1 and R2 are independently selected from hydrogen; and C1-10 alkyl, C2-10 alkenyl, and C2-10 alkynyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, —OR10, —SR10, —C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)2, —S(O)R10, —S(O)2R10, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —OC(O)R10, —NO2, ?O, ?S, ?N(R10), and —CN;
R4 is selected from:
OR10, —N(R10)2, —C(O)N(R10)2, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —S(O)R10, and —S(O)2R10; and
C1-10 alkyl, C2-10 alkenyl, C2-10 alkynyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, —OR10, —SR10, —C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)C(O)R10, —N(R10)C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)2, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —OC(O)R10, —NO2, ?O, ?S, ?N(R10), —CN, C3-12 carbocycle, and 3- to 12-membered heterocycle; and
C3-12 carbocycle, and 3- to 12-membered heterocycle, each of which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, —OR10, —SR10, —C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)C(O)R10, —N(R10)C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)2, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —OC(O)R10, —NO2, ?O, ?S, ?N(R10), —CN, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, and C2-6 alkynyl;
R5 is selected from unsaturated C4-8 carbocycle; bicyclic carbocycle; and fused 5-5, fused 5-6, and fused 6-6 bicyclic heterocycle, wherein R5 is optionally substituted and wherein substituents are independently selected at each occurrence from:
halogen, —OR10, —SR10, —C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)C(O)R10, —N(R10)C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)2, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —OC(O)R10, —NO2, ?O, ?S, ?N(R10), and —CN; and
C1-10 alkyl, C2-10 alkenyl, C2-10 alkynyl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, —OR10, —SR10, —C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)C(O)R10, —N(R10)C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)2, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —OC(O)R10, —NO2, ?O, ?S, ?N(R10), —CN, C3-12 carbocycle, and 3- to 12-membered heterocycle; and
C3-12 carbocycle, and 3- to 12-membered heterocycle, each of which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, —OR10, —SR10, —C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)C(O)R10, —N(R10)C(O)N(R10)2, —N(R10)2, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —OC(O)R10, —NO2, ?O, ?S, ?N(R10), —CN, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, and C2-6 alkynyl;
R10 is independently selected at each occurrence from:
hydrogen, —NH2, and—C(O)OCH2C6H5; and
C1-10 alkyl, C2-10 alkenyl, C2-10 alkynyl, C3-12 carbocycle, and 3- to 12-membered heterocycle, each of which is optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from halogen, —OH, —CN, —NO2, —NH2, ?O, ?S, —C(O)OCH2C6H5, —NHC(O)OCH2C6H5, C1-10 alkyl, —C1-10 haloalkyl, —O—C1-10 alkyl, C2-10 alkenyl, C2-10 alkynyl, C3-12 carbocycle, and 3- to 12-membered heterocycle;
R20, R21, R22, and R23 are independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, —OR10, —SR10, —N(R10)2, —S(O)R10, —S(O)2R10, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —OC(O)R10, —NO2, ?O, ?S, ?N(R10), —CN, C1-10 alkyl, C2-10 alkenyl, and C2-10 alkynyl; and
R24 and R25 are independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, —OR10, —SR10, —N(R10)2, —S(O)R10, —S(O)2R10, —C(O)R10, —C(O)OR10, —OC(O)R10, —NO2, ?O, ?S, ?N(R10), —CN, C1-10 alkyl, C2-10 alkenyl, and C2-10 alkynyl; or R24 and R25 taken together form an optionally substituted saturated C3-7 carbocycle.

US Pat. No. 10,428,041

PYRIDYL REVERSE SULFONAMIDES FOR HBV TREATMENT

NOVIRA THERAPEUTICS, INC....

1. A compound of Formula III:
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof;whereinring A is heteroaryl;
two of G1-4 are N and two of G1-4 are CH;
each R1 is independently selected from H and halo;
R3 is halo; and
R4 is C3-7-cycloalkyl.

US Pat. No. 10,427,997

MODULAR MEMBRANE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OLEFIN SEPARATION

1. A process to separate a hydrocarbon stream comprising a mixture of light olefins and light paraffins, said process comprising:(a) pretreating said hydrocarbon stream to remove impurities to produce a treated hydrocarbon stream;
(b) vaporizing said treated hydrocarbon stream to produce a gaseous treated hydrocarbon stream;
(c) adding water to said gaseous treated hydrocarbon stream;
(d) sending said gaseous treated hydrocarbon stream with water vapor to a first membrane module comprising a multiplicity of membrane units comprising membranes having a higher permeance and a lower selectivity than the membranes in the membrane units in a second membrane module to produce a first permeate stream comprising a higher concentration of light olefins than said gaseous treated hydrocarbon stream and a first non-permeate stream comprising a higher concentration of light paraffins than said gaseous treated hydrocarbon stream;
(e) sending said first permeate stream to said second membrane module comprising membrane units comprising membranes having a higher selectivity than said membranes in said membrane units in said first membrane module to produce a second permeate stream comprising at least 99% light olefins and a second non-permeate stream comprising a lower concentration of light olefins than said second permeate stream;
(f) sending said first non-permeate stream to a third membrane module comprising membrane units comprising membranes having a higher permeance and lower selectivity than said membranes in said membrane units in said second membrane module to produce a third permeate stream comprising a higher concentration of light olefin than said first non-permeate stream and a non-permeate stream comprising a majority concentration of paraffin;
(g) sending said third permeate stream to a fourth membrane module comprising membrane units comprising membranes having a higher selectivity than said membranes in said first membrane units in said first membrane module to produce a fourth permeate stream comprising a higher concentration of light olefin than said third permeate stream; and
(h) combining said fourth permeate stream with said first permeate stream, wherein said membrane units in said first membrane module and said third membrane module comprise a stable high performance facilitated transport membrane comprising a co-cast thin film composite flat sheet membrane comprising an asymmetric porous non-selective support layer and an asymmetric integrally skinned polyimide-containing selective layer on top of said asymmetric porous non-selective support layer wherein pores on the surface of said asymmetric integrally skinned polyimide-containing selective layer comprises a hydrophilic polymer, a metal salt or a mixture of a metal salt and hydrogen peroxide.

US Pat. No. 10,427,993

PROCESS FOR RECOVERING BENZENE AND FUEL GAS IN AN AROMATICS COMPLEX

UOP LLC, Des Plaines, IL...

1. A process for the recovery of a benzene rich liquid stream and a light ends vapor stream in a xylene isomerization process from a feedstock, the process comprising:passing a feedstock into a deheptanizer in which the feedstock is separated into a deheptanizer vapor phase and a deheptanizer liquid phase, the deheptanizer vapor phase containing hydrocarbons with seven carbon atoms or less, and the deheptanizer liquid phase containing hydrocarbons with eight carbon atoms or more;
passing the deheptanizer vapor phase from the deheptanizer to a first separation zone;
separating the deheptanizer vapor phase in the first separation zone into a first liquid phase and a first vapor phase;
passing the first liquid phase from the first separation zone to a toluene recovery zone;
passing the first vapor phase from the first separation zone to a compression zone in which the first vapor phase is compressed and partially condensed to provide a compressed and partially condensed vapor phase;
passing the compressed and partially condensed vapor phase from the compression zone to a second separation zone;
separating the compressed and partially condensed vapor phase into the benzene rich liquid stream and a second vapor phase in the second separation zone, the second vapor phase being a light ends vapor stream;
recovering the light ends vapor stream;
recovering the benzene rich liquid stream; and
sending the benzene rich liquid stream to extraction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,991

CATALYST SYSTEM FOR OLEFIN OLIGOMERIZATION AND METHOD FOR OLEFIN OLIGOMERIZATION USING THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A catalyst system for olefin oligomerization comprising:at least one ligand compound represented by the following Chemical Formulas:

a chromium source; and
a support wherein the ligand compound is supported on the support.

US Pat. No. 10,427,988

METHOD AND INSTALLATION FOR TREATING A WASTE MIXTURE, INCLUDING SEPARATION AND COMPOSTING OF SAID MIXTURE

20. A plant for treating mixture of wastes (2), the latter being with heterogeneous sizes, shapes and consistencies, a non-negligible portion of the mass of the mixture of wastes (2) being formed by biodegradable wastes, and a non-negligible portion of the mass of the mixture being formed by non-biodegradable recyclable wastes (26), the treatment plant being characterized in that it comprises:a sorting machine (1), allowing separating the mixture of wastes (2) into a first fraction of wastes (13) the size of which is smaller than about 180 mm via a first series of separation orifices (7, 8), said first series of separation orifices (7, 8) comprising primary orifices (7) and secondary orifices (8) the size of which is larger than the size of the primary orifices (7) so that the mixture of wastes (2) is first brought into contact with the secondary orifices and then with the primary orifices (7), and into a residual second fraction of wastes (14),
a composting plant allowing subjecting the first fraction of wastes (13) to a composting process so as to compost, at least partially, the contained biodegradable wastes, characterized in that the composting plant comprises:
at least one first composting bay (3C) allowing subjecting the first fraction of wastes (13) to a first composting cycle so as to compost, at least partially, the biodegradable wastes of said first fraction of wastes (13), and to obtain a mixture of pre-composted wastes (2),
at least one bay (2C) for drying the mixture of pre-composted wastes (2), allowing obtaining a mixture of dried wastes (2),
means for separating the mixture of dried wastes (2) at least into a portion of heavy wastes (25) and a portion of light wastes, the portion of heavy wastes (25) being substantially formed by wastes with a volumetric mass heavier than the wastes of the portion of light wastes,
at least one second composting bay (3C) allowing subjecting the portion of light wastes to a second composting cycle so as to compost, at least partially, the contained biodegradable wastes, and obtain a mixture of refined wastes (28).

US Pat. No. 10,427,984

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CERAMIC MATRIX COMPOSITES

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A ceramic matrix composite formed by a process comprising:inserting a fiber tow in a mold;
introducing an aqueous solution comprising water, carbon nanotubes, and a binder into the mold;
freezing the aqueous solution, wherein the freezing the aqueous solution separates fibers within the fiber tow;
freeze drying the aqueous solution, wherein the freeze drying removes the water from the mold;
heat treating the fiber tow in the presence of a boron-bearing precursor and nitrogen gas to produce boron nitride nanotubes; and
processing the mold via at least one of slurry casting, chemical vapor infiltration, polymer infiltration and pyrolysis, or melt infiltration.

US Pat. No. 10,427,983

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PART MADE OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. A method of fabricating a part out of composite material, the method comprising:forming a fiber texture from refractory fibers;
impregnating the fiber texture for a first time with a first slip containing first refractory particles;
eliminating the liquid phase from the first slip that has impregnated the fiber texture so as to leave within said texture only the first refractory particles;
impregnating the fiber texture for a second time with a second slip containing second refractory particles;
eliminating the liquid phase from the second slip that has impregnated the fiber texture so as to leave within said texture only the second refractory particles and obtain a fiber preform filled with the first and second refractory particles; and
sintering the first and second refractory particles present in the fiber preform in order to form a refractory matrix in said preform;
wherein each of the first and second steps of impregnating the fiber texture comprises:
placing the fiber texture in a mold having an impregnation chamber including in its bottom portion a part made of porous material on which a first face of said texture rests, the impregnation chamber being closed in its top portion by a deformable impermeable diaphragm placed facing a second face of the fiber texture, said diaphragm separating the impregnation chamber from a compacting chamber;
injecting a slip containing a powder of refractory particles into the impregnation chamber between the second face of the fiber texture and the diaphragm;
injecting a compression fluid into the compacting chamber, the fluid exerting pressure on the diaphragm to force the slip to pass through the fiber texture; and
wherein each step of eliminating the liquid phase from the slip comprises draining the liquid phase of the slip that has passed through the fiber texture via the porous material part, the refractory particles being retained inside said texture by said porous material part.

US Pat. No. 10,427,982

METHOD OF CARBON COATING ON NANOPARTICLE AND CARBON COATED NANOPARTICLE PRODUCED BY THE SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF ENERGY...

1. A method including:supplying only nanoparticles and sources of any one or two or more combinations selected from a group which consists of a carbon source, a doping source, a carbon source capable of providing a doped element, and a waste plastic source into a high-temperature and high-pressure closed autoclave;
completely closing the high-temperature and high-pressure closed autoclave; and
forming a core-shell structure of the nanoparticle-a carbon shell or a core-shell structure of the nanoparticle-a carbon shell having the doped element by a single process under self-generated pressure and a first reaction temperature in the range of 500 to 850° C. by heating the autoclave,
wherein the method further comprises an additional functioning:
making the autoclave to a high-temperature and atmospheric state by removing gas from the autoclave in a state of high-temperature and high-pressure and thereafter, purging the autoclave by using an inert gas;
changing temperature up to a second reaction temperature for functioning and performing reaction while supplying a reaction gas; and
cooling the autoclave to room-temperature while purging the autoclave with an inert gas.

US Pat. No. 10,427,975

HIGH STRENGTH GLASS-CERAMICS HAVING PETALITE AND LITHIUM SILICATE STRUCTURES

Corning Incorporated, Co...

11. A glass-ceramic article comprising:Li2O;
SiO2;
Al2O3; and
a petalite crystalline phase,
wherein the article is transparent and has a transmittance of at least 85% for light in a wavelength range from 400 nm to 1,000 nm at a thickness of 1 mm, and
wherein the article has a fracture toughness of greater than 1.2 MPa·m1/2.

US Pat. No. 10,427,970

GLASS COATINGS AND METHODS TO DEPOSIT SAME

Owens-Brockway Glass Cont...

1. A method of producing a glass substrate, the method comprising:providing a silicate solution that includes a dissolved sodium silicate, the dissolved sodium silicate comprising a molar ratio of Na2O:SiO2;
adding a soluble calcium salt to the silicate solution to displace some of the sodium oxide in the dissolved sodium silicate with calcium oxide and to derive a wet precipitate that comprises a molar ratio of Na2O:CaO:SiO2;
removing solvent from the wet precipitate;
obtaining a dried glass precursor gel comprising a bulk amorphous oxide-based matrix having an inorganic network of primary constituent oxides, the primary constituent oxides comprising 60 mol % to 85 mol % silica (SiO2), 8 mol % to 18 mol % Na2O, and 5 mol % to 15 mol % CaO;
forming a powder or wire from the dried glass precursor gel;
melting the powder or wire with a gas stream to form molten droplets; and
depositing the molten droplets onto a mold to form the glass substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,427,969

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING OPTICAL FIBER

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A method of manufacturing an optical fiber comprising:melting and drawing an optical fiber preform to form a glass fiber in a drawer;
cooling the glass fiber while inserting the glass fiber into a tubular cooling device separated apart from the drawer with a gap therebetween and providing a temperature gradient to the glass fiber from an inlet end toward an outlet end thereof; and
lowering an inner wall temperature of the tubular cooling device below a temperature of the glass fiber and providing a pressure gradient in which a pressure increases in a direction from the inlet end toward the outlet end inside the tubular cooling device when cooling the glass fiber,
wherein an average pressure change dP/dL [Pa/m] in a moving direction of the glass fiber inside the tubular cooling device satisfies the following Formula (1) when a tube inner diameter of the tubular cooling device is defined as D [m] and a length of an internal space of the tubular cooling device in the moving direction of the glass fiber is defined as L [m]
0.001?(?D2/4)×dP/dL?0.03  (1).

US Pat. No. 10,427,968

METHOD FOR CUTTING GLASS

1. A method for cutting glass, comprising:providing a glass substrate, the glass substrate comprising at least one cutting surface, a plurality of micro-fractures being formed on the cutting surface;
coating a conductivity material on the cutting surface to form a conductivity material layer, the conductivity material layer having a capability for absorbing laser energy; and
irradiating the conductivity material layer by laser, causing the conductivity material layer to absorb the laser energy and transmit the laser energy to the glass substrate, thereby causing the laser energy to melt the glass substrate at the cutting surface to remove the plurality of micro-fractures.

US Pat. No. 10,427,966

GLASS FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A glass forming apparatus comprising:a frame;
a moving mold including a plurality of curved surface-shaped cores, and configured to seat a material, the moving mold being moveable in a first direction;
a material supply unit disposed in the frame and configured to supply the material to the moving mold;
an unloading unit disposed opposite to the material supply unit in the first direction and configured to unload the material from the moving mold;
a preheating unit disposed between the material supply unit and the unloading unit, and configured to preheat the material seated on the moving mold;
a curved surface forming unit configured to form the material in a curved shape, wherein the curved surface forming unit includes:
a first mold disposed to face the moving mold forming a plurality of cavities formed between the moving mold and the first mold, and
a pneumatic device including a vacuum pump and configured to generate a vacuum pressure in the plurality of cavities to adhere the material to the plurality of curved surface-shaped cores; and
a cooling unit disposed between the curved surface forming unit and the unloading unit in the first direction and configured to cool the material in the curved shape transformed by the curved surface forming unit; and
a moving mold transfer unit configured to
move the moving mold through the preheating unit, the curved surface forming unit, and the cooling unit in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,965

METHOD FOR LOADING A BLANK COMPOSED OF FUSED SILICA WITH HYDROGEN, LENS ELEMENT AND PROJECTION LENS

CARL ZEISS SMT GMBH, Obe...

1. A method for loading a blank composed of fused silica with hydrogen,comprising:
loading the blank at a first temperature (T1) of less than 475° C. and a first hydrogen partial pressure (p1), and
further loading the blank at a second temperature (T2) of less than 300° C. and at a second hydrogen partial pressure (p2) which is different from the first hydrogen partial pressure,
wherein the first temperature and the second temperatures (T1, T2) are lower than a limit temperature (TL) at which a thermal formation of silane in the fused silica of the blank commences, and
wherein the loading and the further loading results in a silane content in all locations of the blank of less than 5×1014 molecules/cm3.

US Pat. No. 10,427,963

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR SCALE INHIBITION

Chevron U.S.A. Inc., San...

1. A method of inhibiting formation of scale on equipment in contact with a produced fluid containing at least a scale-forming divalent cation, the method comprising:injecting a solution comprising an alginate in an amount effective for the alginate to cross-link with the divalent cation into the produced fluid to form cross-linked alginate gel;
separating the cross-linked alginate gel in the produced fluid;
removing the cross-linked alginate gel from the produced fluid; and
redissolving the cross-linked gel thus returning it to a reusable form.

US Pat. No. 10,427,961

TECHNOLOGIES FOR SANITIZING RESERVOIRS

SoClean, Inc., Peterboro...

1. A system for with a reservoir, comprising:a gas supply system comprising a pump and a gas generator, the gas supply system configured to supply a sanitizing gas;
a connector unit comprising an inlet passageway, the inlet passageway comprising a proximal end and a distal end;
a first supply line having a proximal and a distal end, wherein the proximal end of the first supply line is fluidly coupled to the gas supply system and the distal end of the first supply line is fluidly coupled to the proximal end of the inlet passageway;
a second supply line comprising a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the proximal end of the second supply line is coupled to the distal end of the inlet passageway; and
an exhaust system configured to remove the sanitizing gas, wherein the exhaust system comprises a filter that is integrated into the connector unit;
wherein the connector unit is configured to span a thickness of a portion of a reservoir when it is installed into said portion, such that the proximal end of the inlet passageway is external to the reservoir and the distal end of the inlet passageway is inside the reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,427,959

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR THE AUTONOMOUS SELF-LIMITING GENERATION OF CHLORINE DIOXIDE

TRUOX, INC., McClellan, ...

1. A method for the autonomous generation of safe self-limiting concentrations of chlorine dioxide for the treatment of process water, the method comprising:in a system comprising:
a pressurized vessel containing a hydantoin based free halogen donor having a solubility between 0.075 to 0.30 wt % at 20° C., a source of water in fluid contact with the inlet to the pressurized vessel, a manifold in fluid contact with the outlet from the pressurized vessel, a manifold in fluid contact with the outlet from the pressurized vessel for introduction of at least a chlorite donor, a reaction chamber in fluid contact with the manifold and with the process water to be treated;
introducing said source water to dissolve hydantoin based free halogen donor until 50 to 100% of saturation is achieved to form an aqueous solution of free halogen, introducing chlorite donor to the manifold, producing chlorine dioxide in the reaction chamber, and said chlorine dioxide is introduced to the process water.

US Pat. No. 10,427,954

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LIQUID DISINFECTION USING LIGHT TRANSPARENT CONDUIT

Atlantium Technologies Lt...

1. An apparatus for liquid disinfection by ultraviolet (UV) light, the apparatus comprising:a quartz conduit to carry flowing liquid to be disinfected; and
a UV source positioned within the conduit substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of symmetry of the conduit,
wherein, light rays emitted from the UV source form an angle with the surface of the conduit below a critical angle for total internal reflection (TIR), and the apparatus is configured to cause at least half of the UV light rays emitted from the UV source to be totally-internally reflected at the interface of the UV light transparent conduit and its surroundings, and
wherein portions of an exterior surface of the conduit are coated with UV reflective coating and light rays emitted from the UV source having an angle with the surface of the conduit above a critical angle for total internal reflection (TIR) are reflected from the UV reflective coating back into the liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,427,953

DITHIOCARBAMATE ALKALI METAL CROSS-LINKED RESIN FOR ADSORBING METAL IONS

King Fahd University of P...

1. An alkali metal cross-linked polymeric resin of formula (I)
n is a positive whole number in the range of 2 to 12;
X is a positive whole number in the range of 10 to 1,500; and
A1 forms a bond to A2.

US Pat. No. 10,427,950

RECOVERY OF MINING PROCESSING PRODUCT USING BORONIC ACID-CONTAINING POLYMERS

Ecolab USA Inc., St. Pau...

1. A method for solid-liquid separation in a mining process, the method comprising:combining a first composition with a fluid stream of a mining process, the first composition comprising an uncrosslinked polysaccharide, the fluid stream having a pH of 8 or more;
combining a second composition with the fluid stream, the second composition comprising a boronic acid-containing polymer; and
separating a solid from the fluid stream.

US Pat. No. 10,427,948

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AMMONIA RECOVERY, ACID GAS SEPARATION, OR COMBINATION THEREOF

7. An integrated process for separating or recovering basic gases comprising:(1) a first cycle comprising:
absorbing ammonia from an ammonia containing gas stream into an ammonia-lean solution, forming an ammonia-rich solution;
enriching said ammonia rich solution with one or more acid gases;
precipitating one or more ammonia-acid gas salts wherein said precipitating occurs during enriching, after enriching, or a combination thereof; and
separating at least a portion of said precipitate from any remaining liquid; and
(2) a second cycle comprising:
(a) absorbing ammonia from an ammonia containing gas stream into an ammonia-lean, an ammonia-ultra-lean, or ammonia-free solution, to form an ammonia-rich solution;
(b) enriching said ammonia-rich solution with one or more acid gases to form an ammonia-rich, acid gas rich solution; and
(c) concentrating said ammonia-rich, acid gas rich solution using one or more membranes to form a retentate and a permeate wherein said permeate is suitable for use as at least a portion of the ammonia-ultra-lean or ammonia-free solution in step (a) of the second cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,947

METHODS FOR PRODUCING CRYSTALLINE MICROPOROUS SOLIDS WITH THE RTH TOPOLOGY AND COMPOSITIONS DERIVED FROM THE SAME

California Institute of T...

1. A process for preparing a crystalline microporous solid of RTH topology, the process comprising hydrothermally treating a composition comprising:(a) (i) at least one source of silicon oxide and
(ii) at least one source of aluminum oxide, boron oxide, gallium oxide, hafnium oxide, iron oxide, tin oxide, titanium oxide, indium oxide, vanadium oxide, zirconium oxide, or combination or mixture thereof
in the presence of an organic complex comprising
(b) an imidazolium cation comprising methyl and ethyl groups and having a C/N+ ratio in a range of from 6:1 to 10:1; and
(c) an associated hydroxide or fluoride anion;
under conditions effective to crystallize the crystalline microporous solid of RTH topology.

US Pat. No. 10,427,946

MECHANOCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF IRIDIUM DIBORIDE AND IRIDIUM MONOBORIDE

University of Central Flo...

1. A composition comprising iridium diboride and iridium monoboride.

US Pat. No. 10,427,941

DIRECT ULTRASONICATION PRODUCTION OF GRAPHENE SHEETS FROM COKE OR COAL

Nanotek Instruments, Inc....

1. A method of producing a isolated graphene sheets-containing ink composition, said method comprising:a) dispersing particles of said coke or coal powder in a liquid medium containing therein a surfactant or dispersing agent to produce a suspension and containing no oxidant or acid, wherein said coke or coal powder is selected from the group consisting of petroleum coke, coal-derived coke, mesophase coke, synthetic coke, leonardite, anthracite, lignite coal, bituminous coal, or natural coal mineral powder, and combinations thereof; and
b) exposing said suspension to ultrasonication at an energy level for a sufficient length of time to produce said isolated graphene sheets in said liquid medium
c) adding a property modifier or chemical species to produce said isolated graphene sheets-containing ink composition, wherein said addition can occur before, during or after exposing said suspension to ultrasonication.

US Pat. No. 10,427,939

METHOD FOR PRODUCING SPHERICAL ALUMINUM NITRIDE POWER

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A method for producing a spherical aluminum nitride powder, comprising:(i) mixing an aluminum (Al) precursor and a flux in a solvent to produce a mixed solution;
(ii) spray-drying the mixed solution produced in step (i) to form a spray-dried powder comprising the Al precursor and the flux;
(iii) mixing the spray-dried powder and a carbon-based material to form a mixture;
(iv) heat treating the mixture of step (iii) in a nitrogen atmosphere to form a heat-treated compound; and
(v) decarbonizing the heat-treated compound of step (iv) in an air atmosphere to produce a spherical aluminum nitride powder,
wherein the flux is at least one selected from the group consisting of Cu2O, TiO2, Bi2O3, and CuO, or a mixture of at least one selected from the group consisting of Cu2O, TiO2, Bi2O3, and CuO and at least one selected from the group consisting of CaF2 and Y2O3.

US Pat. No. 10,427,937

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MULTILAYER MEMS COMPONENT, AND CORRESPONDING MULTILAYER MEMS COMPONENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for manufacturing a multi-layer MEMS component, the method comprising:providing a multi-layer substrate that includes a monocrystalline carrier layer, a monocrystalline functional layer with a front side and a back side, and a bonding layer located between the back side and the carrier layer;
growing a first polycrystalline layer over the front side of the monocrystalline functional layer;
removing the monocrystalline carrier layer; and
growing a second polycrystalline layer over the back side of the monocrystalline functional layer.

US Pat. No. 10,427,935

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A manufacturing method for a semiconductor structure, comprising:forming a dielectric structure on a substrate;
forming a metal ring in a MEMS region, wherein the metal ring is embedded in the dielectric structure; and
forming a cavity by a removing method comprising etching a portion of the substrate and a portion of the dielectric structure to expose the metal ring, and then etching another portion of the dielectric structure using the metal ring as an etching mask.

US Pat. No. 10,427,934

THERMAL MANAGEMENT USING MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS BIMORPH CANTILEVER BEAMS

United States of America ...

1. A cooling structure for a heat source, the cooling structure comprising:a plurality of beams having a first end and terminating at a second end, the plurality of beams having a plurality of different lengths defined between the first and second ends, each beam formed at least in part of a first conducting material having a first thermal coefficient of expansion and a second conducting material having a second thermal coefficient of expansion, where the first thermal coefficient of expansion is different from the second thermal coefficient of expansion,
the first end of each beam thermally connected to the heat source, such that heat generated by the heat source is conducted along the length of the beam to the second end of each beam,
where the heat conducted through each beam causes each beam to deflect as the first and second materials expand differently due to the difference in the first and second thermal coefficients of expansion,
where characteristics of each beam are selected such that the second end of each beam makes thermal contact with a heat sink as a temperature of the heat source increases, the beam thereby conducting heat away from the heat source to the heat sink and assisting to lower the temperature of the heat source;
wherein the heat source and the heat sink are connected to a substrate and the beam extends across the substrate between the heat source and the heat sink; and
wherein the plurality of beams include a first plurality of beams positioned at an intermediate location of the cooling structure, a second plurality beams and a third plurality of beams positioned on either side of the first plurality of beams, and wherein the second and third plurality of beams are shorter in length relative to the first plurality of beams.

US Pat. No. 10,427,930

MEMS SENSOR WITH HIGH VOLTAGE SWITCH

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) device comprising:an integrated circuit layer; and
a MEMS switch on an upper surface of the integrated circuit layer and operable to switch a signal within a plane that is parallel to the upper surface of the integrated circuit layer, wherein the MEMS switch comprises:
a post anchor;
a flexible MEMS arm coupled to the post anchor, wherein the flexible MEMS arm is flexible within the plane;
an actuator electrode located in the plane of the flexible MEMS arm; and
a contact electrode located in the plane of the flexible MEMS arm.

US Pat. No. 10,427,929

FORMING A EUTECTIC BOND BETWEEN A WAFER HAVING AN ANTI-STICTION COATING AND A CAP WAFER

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A method comprising:providing a first semiconductor substrate;
forming a metal layer over the first semiconductor substrate;
forming an anti-stiction coating layer on the metal layer;
providing a second semiconductor substrate;
forming a roughened germanium layer over the second semiconductor substrate, wherein said forming the roughened germanium layer comprises:
forming polycrystalline silicon clusters over the second semiconductor substrate;
depositing a first layer comprising silicon and germanium over the polycrystalline silicon clusters; and
depositing a second layer comprising germanium over the first layer;
contacting the roughened germanium layer to the anti-stiction coating layer; and
after contacting the roughened germanium layer to the anti-stiction coating layer,
applying sufficient pressure to the second semiconductor substrate for at least a portion of the roughened germanium layer to penetrate the anti-stiction coating layer and come into contact with the metal layer, and
forming a mechanical bonding material between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein
the forming a mechanical bonding material includes applying heat to the roughened germanium layer and the metal layer, and
the bonding material comprises a metal of the metal layer and germanium of the germanium layer.

US Pat. No. 10,427,928

FLUID INTERFACE TO RECEIVE REMOVABLE CONTAINER

LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORA...

1. A fluidic interconnect comprising:a first interface including a liquid port, a gas port, and a cradle;
a second interface including a liquid port, a gas port, and a swing bar to engage the cradle, a weight of a container attached to one of the first or second interfaces to drive the liquid port of the first interface into connection with the liquid port of the second interface and the gas port of the first interface into connection with the gas port of the second interface:
wherein the first interface is coupled to an instrument and the second interface is coupled to the container, the cradle and swing bar engaging further from the instrument than the liquid and gas ports.

US Pat. No. 10,427,924

INDUSTRIAL TRUCK COMPRISING A DEVICE FOR REDUCING VIBRATIONS

1. An industrial truck comprising:a mast;
a load-carrying apparatus capable of being moved upwards and downwards thereon and which has at least one load-receiving means for receiving a load that is to be transported and a support structure connecting the load-receiving means to the mast, the load-receiving means having a load-carrying arrangement connected to the support structure; and
a device for reducing vibrations,wherein the device for reducing vibrations has at least one load support, which covers a top region of the load-carrying arrangement, and a damping system that is configured to influence the at least one load support towards a target rest position, wherein a load received by the load-carrying apparatus can be supported on the at least one load support, wherein the at least one load support is provided so as to be movable to a limited extent on the load-carrying arrangement such that the at least one load support can perform vibration-reducing movements relative to the load-carrying arrangement,wherein the industrial truck is designed as a sideloader, which has a load-carrying fork having load-carrying arms comprising rollers as the load-carrying arrangement,
wherein the damping system is arranged vertically on the load-carrying arms and is connected to the at least one load support via a lever arm,
wherein the load-carrying arms are positioned or can be oriented transversely to a straightforward direction of travel of the industrial truck, the load support being capable of performing vibration-reducing movements along the load-carrying arms and therefore transversely to the straightforward direction of travel of the industrial truck.

US Pat. No. 10,427,923

CENTRAL ROTATING COLUMN WITH HORIZONTAL HYDRAULICALLY DRIVEN MOVEMENT ARRANGED IN A DUMP BODY AND WATER TRUCK BODY EXCHANGE SYSTEM HAVING TWO ADJACENT WORKING AREAS, COMPRISING AN INTERNAL HYDRAULIC TANK AND WITH AN INTERNAL VERTICAL TRAVELING SUPPORT ATT

1. A central rotating column made of structural steel, having a horizontal hydraulically-driven movement, arranged in a dump body and water truck body exchange system, able to access two adjacent working areas, and featuring a hydraulic oil tank in an interior of said central rotating column; the central rotating column includes a vertical traveling support arm vertically traveling by means of a hydraulic cylinder, also including a 90° swing movement; the central rotating column rotates on a vertical axis mounted on a 180° rotating turntable, the turntable includes a hydraulic motor driven crown and pinion assembly being an integral part of the base of the central rotating column comprising: an adjustable vertical safety mechanical lock activated by an external locking lever preventing accidental downward travel of the vertical traveling support arm; a mechanical spring-actuated automatic safety lock adjusting the horizontal hydraulically-driven movement of the central rotating column; an automatic rotation lock preventing the central rotating column from rotating during lifting operations; the hydraulic motor driven crown and pinion assembly allowing 360° rotation of the central rotating column; a structural steel accessory attached to the vertical traveling support arm to enable operation with water tank bodies; and a load sensor preventing the horizontal hydraulically-driven movement of the central rotating column under load.

US Pat. No. 10,427,922

Z-DRIVE SHIPPING LOCK FOR STORAGE LIBRARY ROBOTIC ASSEMBLY

ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORP...

1. A locking subsystem of a drive assembly, comprising:a spring-loaded ratchet pawl comprising a portion thereof movable between at least first and second pawl positions, wherein the spring-loaded ratchet pawl ratchet pawl is configured to be disengaged from between adjacent gear teeth of the drive assembly when in the first pawl position to allow rotational movement of the drive assembly in both of first and second opposing rotational directions, wherein the spring-loaded ratchet pawl ratchet pawl is configured to engage between adjacent gear teeth of the drive gear of the drive assembly in the second pawl position to disallow rotational movement of the drive assembly in the first rotational direction and allow rotational movement of the drive assembly in the opposing second rotational direction, wherein the spring-loaded ratchet pawl is in a first state of deflection in the first pawl position, wherein the spring-loaded ratchet pawl is in a second state of deflection in the second pawl position, and wherein the second state of deflection is less than the first state of deflection;
a handle movable between at least first and second handle positions; and
a cam member rigidly secured to the handle and movable between the first and second handle positions, wherein the cam member urges the spring-loaded ratchet pawl into the first pawl position in the first handle position, and wherein the spring-loaded ratchet pawl moves into the second pawl position in the second handle position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,919

APPLICATION AND METHOD FOR POSITIONING AND ORIENTATING A LOAD

1. An apparatus for positioning and orientating a load, the apparatus comprising:a support structure movable in a first direction, the support structure establishes an area within which the load can be positioned and orientated;
a tendon system comprising:
at least six winches directly mounted on the support structure; and
at least six tendons, a first end of each of the at least six tendons being connected to a respective one of the at least six winches;wherein the apparatus further comprises:a lifting mechanism mounted on the support structure and movable in a second direction which is perpendicular to the first direction, the lifting mechanism comprising a further tendon;
attachment means whereto the load is attachable to suspend from above, the attachment means being connected to a second end of each of the at least six tendons and to a free end of the further tendon; and,
a control module being capable of synchronously and independently operating:
over the at least six winches so as to adjust the free length of and/or tension supported by the tendon connected to the respective winch,
the support structure so as to control its movement in the first direction, and
the lifting mechanism so as to control its movement in the second direction and the lifting mechanism so as to adjust the free length of and/or tension supported by the further tendon connected to the lifting mechanism,
whereby the apparatus provides control of the load in the six degrees of freedom; wherein the control module is configured to translate an instruction regarding the orientation and/or the position of the load in an actuation of the at least six winches, of the lifting mechanism and of the support structure, such that at least 51% of the load is sustained by the lifting mechanism and the load is suspended from the further tendon which is substantially vertical.

US Pat. No. 10,427,914

ELEVATOR SYNCHRONOUS DOOR KNIFE

OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, F...

1. An elevator synchronous door knife, comprising a track frame disposed on a door motor back plate and a bottom plate disposed on a hanging plate, wherein the back of the bottom plate is hinged with a stop arm, a transmission arm linked with a door motor driving mechanism and a lock plate buckled with a lock hook disposed on a lift car, a front end of the stop arm is provided with a guide wheel fitting in with the track frame, and upper and lower portions of the front of the bottom plate are respectively rotationally connected with an upper rotating arm and a lower rotating arm, characterized in that: the upper rotating arm (2) is linked with the transmission arm (9) through a draw bar (7), one end of the upper rotating arm (2) and the lower rotating arm (2?) is rotationally connected with a first blade (3), the other end of the upper rotating arm and the lower rotating arm is rotationally connected with a movable plate (4), to form a four-bar linkage, upper and lower portions of the movable plate are respectively rotationally connected with an upper unlock rotating arm (6) and a lower unlock rotating arm (6?), the upper unlock rotating arm and the lower unlock rotating arm are movably connected with a second blade (5), and the upper unlock rotating arm further abuts against the lock plate (10) to drive the lock plate to be unlocked or locked up.

US Pat. No. 10,427,913

LINEAR PROPULSION SYSTEM

OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, F...

1. A linear propulsion machine comprising:a first stator, the stator including a plurality of teeth, each of the teeth having a magnetic pole; and
a first mover adjacent to the first stator and moveable in a linear direction along the first stator, the teeth of the first stator and the first mover defining a gap, the mover including:
a plurality of spaced apart ferromagnetic strata;
a plurality of slots, each of the slots adjacent to at least one of the strata;
a plurality of wire coils, each coil disposed in at least one slot, the coils having an activated state and a deactivated state; and
a plurality of permanent magnet layers, each permanent magnet layer sandwiched between two of the strata and disposed inside one of the plurality of coils, the plurality of permanent magnet layers mounted on the mover to have reversed polarities with consecutive permanent magnet layers in a longitudinal direction along the mover,
wherein each coil is disposed substantially perpendicularly to the direction of magnetic flux of the permanent magnet layer around which the coil is wound, wherein the teeth or the permanent magnet layer is disposed at an angle in the range of about ?60° to about 60° from a plane substantially perpendicular to the direction of thrust on the first mover generated by the interaction of the first mover with the first stator;
wherein each permanent magnet layer is comprised of first and second permanent magnets, the first permanent magnet disposed between the stator and the second magnet, wherein the first permanent magnet is a bonded magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,427,911

DAMPER UNIT FOR AN ELEVATOR

INVENTIO AG, Hergiswil N...

1. A damper unit for an elevator, the damper unit being arranged on an elevator car of the elevator for reducing vibrations of the elevator car during a standstill, comprising:an acting element, in an idle position, being spaced apart from a guide rail of the elevator, the acting element, in an active position, being connected slip-free to the guide rail; and
force transmitting elements attached to the acting element for damping movements of the elevator car in the active position of the acting element to reduce vibrations of the elevator car, where the force transmitting elements include a ram that extends in a horizontal direction with a free end on which the acting element is arranged, and the force transmitting elements further include at least one shock damper hinged to a housing, wherein in the idle position the at least one shock damper is transversely oriented to the ram, and the at least one shock damper is configured to attenuate vertical vibrations of the elevator car through changes in length.

US Pat. No. 10,427,910

DISPLAY LANGUAGE ARRANGEMENT

Kone Corporation, Helsin...

1. A method for applying user preferences for at least one public display comprising:detecting at least one mobile device in a vicinity of said at least one public display;
establishing communication between said at least one public display and said at least one mobile device, said communication being established using one or more signals having a communication range covering at least an area in which content output by said at least one public display is visible;
receiving at least one indication of at least one user preference from each of said at least one mobile device by
receiving an identification from said at least one mobile device,
transmitting a request to a server storing one or more user preferences in association with said identification, and
receiving said at least one indication of said at least one user preference as a response to said request;
determining at least one user preference for said at least one public display based on said at least one indication; and
applying said determined at least one user preference to said at least one public display, said at least one user preference including a preferred language of operation, and said at least one indication received from each of said at least one mobile device indicating more than one language of operation in order of preference.

US Pat. No. 10,427,909

USER-CONTROLLED ELEVATOR ALLOCATION FOR INDEPENDENT SERVICE

OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, F...

1. A system for allocating elevator use based on an individual request, the system comprising:a request module that receives a reservation request of an elevator car from a user;
an allocation module that identifies a reserved elevator car based on the reservation request; and
a mechanical control module that moves the reserved elevator car in response to commands provided by the user and the reservation request;
wherein the reservation request specifies a time parameter for reservation request, the time parameter including at least one of a day and a time the reserved elevator car is requested;
wherein the reservation request includes a location where the reserved elevator car is desired;
the reservation request specifies an independent service that dedicates a reserved elevator car for operation by the user.

US Pat. No. 10,427,908

EMERGENCY MODE OPERATION OF ELEVATOR SYSTEM HAVING LINEAR PROPULSION SYSTEM

OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, F...

1. A method, comprising:detecting, by an elevator controller, a fault within an elevator system;
utilizing, by the elevator controller, the fault to disable a drive control portion of the elevator controller and activate a drive urgent stop control portion of the elevator controller;
generating, by the drive urgent stop control portion of the elevator controller, a signal based on at least one of a speed estimation, a velocity profile, and feedforward information; and
applying, by the elevator controller, the signal to an inverter connected to a linear propulsion system to execute the urgent stop of an elevator car of the elevator system;
the linear propulsion system comprising a primary portion including a plurality of coils configured to receive power from the inverter and a secondary portion including permanent magnets, one of the primary portion and the secondary portion mounted to the elevator car.

US Pat. No. 10,427,904

METHOD FOR PRODUCING FILM AND METHOD FOR WINDING OFF FILM

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A method for producing a film, said method comprising the steps of:taking up a film by a first step of winding the film on an outer peripheral surface of a core while oscillating the core in a rotation axis direction, such that the film is in a state of being distorted in a wavelike manner in the rotation axis direction; and
a second step of winding off the film, which has been taken up in the taking up step and which is in the state of being distorted in the wavelike manner in the rotation axis direction, from the core,
wherein in the second winding off step, the core is oscillated in the rotation axis direction and in the second winding off step, oscillation of the core is controlled so that distortion of the film which has been wound off becomes smaller.

US Pat. No. 10,427,903

LEADING EDGE DEVICE FOR A SURFACE WINDER

1. An improvement to a surface winder for winding a web material around a core having a radius, R, to obtain a log, the surface winder comprising a glue applicator for dispensing glue onto said core, a core inserter for transporting and inserting said core provided with said glue disposed thereon into a winding cradle defined at a top by an upper winding roller, supplied from above with said web material directed towards said winding cradle at a velocity, v, and at a bottom by a concave cradle associated downstream to a lower winding roller, said surface winder comprising a third oscillating roller arranged above said lower winding roller, said upper winding roller, said lower winding roller, and said third oscillating roller each having a respective axes parallel to each other and perpendicular to the feeding direction of said web material and cooperating with each other downstream of said winding cradle in order to wind said web material around said core to obtain said log, said concave cradle comprising an introductory portion, the improvement comprising:wherein said introductory portion of said concave cradle comprises a leading edge device, said leading edge device having a surface for contacting said core, said surface having a texture with protuberances provided thereto.

US Pat. No. 10,427,902

ENHANCED INTRODUCTORY PORTION FOR A SURFACE WINDER

1. A leading edge device for a surface winder, said leading edge device comprising a surface, said leading edge device having at least one channel disposed therein, said at least one channel having a single entry point and a single exit point and extending from a position external to said leading edge device and a first location disposed upon said surface, said first location disposed upon said surface being capable of receiving a fluid from said at least one channel, said fluid being fluidically displaced onto a core from said at least one channel when said core is in contacting engagement with said first location disposed upon said surface.

US Pat. No. 10,427,900

SHEET FEED APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A sheet feed apparatus, comprising:a tray having a housing to accommodate a plurality of sheets;
a pair of first guides arranged in the tray and configured to sandwich the sheets in a direction perpendicular to a sheet conveyance direction; and
a first optical sensor provided above a bottom of the housing in at least one of the first guides, and configured to detect one or more of uppermost sheets accommodated in the housing, the first optical sensor being mounted for movement between a first position and a second position below the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,899

HIGH SPEED AUTOMATED FEEDING SYSTEM AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

1. A system for separating and feeding tray-packed items individually, comprising:a. a collection station for removing a row of pre-packaged items from a package;
b. a transfer shuttle operable to grasp each end of the row and transport the row to a feeder magazine; and
c. a feeder magazine having a track for receiving the row of pre-packaged items, a driving mechanism for advancing the row of pre-packaged items through the track, and picking station operable to perform a picking operation which removes said pre-packaged items individually from said feeder magazine, comprising:
i. an arresting mechanism for preventing the advancement of the row of pre-packaged items,
ii. a stop tab operable to hold a leading pre-packaged item in said feeder magazine, and
iii. a picking mechanism operable to remove said leading pre-packaged item from said feeder magazine and deliver said leading pre-packaged item to a backend conveying system or a container,wherein said system is operable to perform said picking operation in repetition to separate said pre-packaged items and deliver them individually to said backend conveying system or said container, and said arresting mechanism is operable to arrest the advancement of said pre-packaged items during a picking operation by applying pressure to a plurality of said pre-packaged items and disengage from said plurality of said pre-packaged items between picking operations.

US Pat. No. 10,427,898

SHEET TRANSFER APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING SHEET USING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A sheet transfer apparatus comprising:a table on which two or more sheets, which are continuously laminated, are configured to be seated;
a sheet adsorbing part over the table to adsorb a first sheet, which is at an uppermost portion, of the two or more laminated sheets at a pressure;
an air discharge part over the table and adjacent to the sheet adsorbing part; and
an elevation unit configured to vertically elevate the sheet adsorbing part and the air discharge part,
wherein the elevation unit comprises:
a support part having a long side extending in a first direction and a short side extending in a second direction crossing the first direction; and
an elevation part configured to vertically elevate the support part,
wherein the air discharge part is configured to discharge air in a downward direction onto a surface of the first sheet adsorbed to the sheet adsorbing part.

US Pat. No. 10,427,896

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:an image forming unit;
a first casing that houses the image forming unit therein;
a second casing;
a document cover; and
a lock mechanism;
wherein the second casing comprises:
a document support surface located at an upper surface of the second casing; and
a positioning column protruding upward relative to the document support surface,
wherein the second casing is connected to the first casing, disposed above the first casing, and configured to pivot between a first position in which the second casing covers an upper surface of the first casing, and a second position in which the second casing reveals the upper surface of the first casing,
wherein the document cover is connected to the second casing, disposed above the second casing, and configured to pivot between a third position in which the document cover covers the document support surface, and a fourth position in which the document cover reveals the document support surface,
wherein the document cover has a positioning recess, in which the positioning column of the second casing fits when the document cover is at the third position,
wherein the lock mechanism comprises:
a fixed hook disposed at the first casing;
a movable hook disposed in the second casing;
a pressed portion configured to move in association with the movable hook; and
an actuator disposed in the positioning recess;
wherein the positioning column has a cutout portion configured to receive the pressed portion,
wherein when the second casing is at the first position and the document cover is at the fourth position, the pressed portion is located in the cutout portion and the movable hook is engaged with the fixed hook, and
wherein when the second casing is at the first position and the document cover is at the third position, the positioning column fits in the positioning recess, and the actuator contacts the pressed portion, thereby disengaging the movable hook from the fixed hook.

US Pat. No. 10,427,892

MECHANISM FOR SUPPLYING MOSAIC TILE TO AN AUTOMATED TILE SETTER

CAPITAL ONE SERVICES, LLC...

11. A system for supplying mosaic tiles to an automated mosaic tile setter, the system comprising:a first pick-and-place robot configured for loading mosaic tiles into hoppers, the mosaic tiles comprising a plurality of characteristics;
a first controller operatively connected to the first pick-and-place robot and programmed to control the first pick-and-place robot to:
automatically load the mosaic tiles into the hoppers on one of a last-in, first-out basis, or a last-in, last-out basis; and
synchronize the automatic loading with an optimized ordering of the mosaic tiles, based on a desired pattern of a mosaic tile arrangement;
a second pick-and-place robot configured to pick and place the loaded mosaic tiles from the hoppers; and
a second controller operatively connected to the second pick-and-place robot and programmed to control the second pick-and-place robot to:
pick the mosaic tiles from the hoppers; and
place the mosaic tiles onto sheets of underlayment material in arrangements that form sections of the mosaic tile arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,427,889

TRANSMISSION EQUIPMENT

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. A transmission equipment, comprising:a carrier, comprising at least one carrier guiding structure; and
a transmission rail, comprising:
a first rail, comprising a first inner rail, a first outer rail arranged in parallel to the first inner rail and at least one first transmission member disposed on the first inner rail and the first outer rail;
a second rail, comprising a second inner rail, a second outer rail arranged in parallel to the second inner rail and at least one second transmission member formed on the second inner rail and the second outer rail; and
a turning unit disposed between the first inner rail and the second inner rail, wherein a distance between the first inner rail to the turning unit is less than a distance between the first outer rail to the turning unit, and a distance between the second inner rail to the turning unit is less than a distance between the second outer rail to the turning unit, and the turning unit comprises a first guiding slot, a second guiding slot and a turning member, wherein at least one portion of the first guiding slot is parallel to the first rail, at least one portion of the second guiding slot is parallel to the second rail, the turning member moves between a first position and a second position and is disposed between the first guiding slot and the second guiding slot,
wherein in a first state, the turning member is in the first position, the carrier guiding structure enters the first guiding slot and passes over the turning member, and the carrier keeps moving in the first rail in a first direction,
wherein in a second state, the turning member is in the second position, the carrier guiding structure enters the first guiding slot and is guided by the turning member into the second guiding slot, is driven only by the first transmission member and/or the second transmission member, and the carrier then moves in the second rail in a second direction,
wherein the carrier guiding structure comprises a plurality of carrier guiding posts, and the carrier guiding posts are adapted to rotate relative to the carrier,
wherein the carrier guiding posts are disposed on two sides of the carrier, and
wherein a moving plane is defined by the first direction and the second direction, and the turning member moves parallel to a normal vector of the moving plane.

US Pat. No. 10,427,888

ON-LINE WHEEL TRANSFER MECHANISM

Citic Dicastal Co., Ltd.,...

1. An on-line wheel transfer mechanism, comprising: a first roller bed, a cylinder, a base, a linear guide rail, a rack, a guide rail seat, a first rotating shaft, first bearing seats, a gear, first rotating arms, second bearing seats, a second rotating shaft, a third rotating shaft, second rotating arms, brackets, a fourth rotating shaft and a second roller bed, wherein the cylinder, the first bearing seats and the linear guide rail are mounted on the base, the rack is connected to the linear guide rail through the guide rail seat, an output shaft of the cylinder is connected to the rack, and the first rotating shaft is mounted on two of the first bearing seats which are arranged symmetrically; the gear and two of the first rotating arms are respectively symmetrically fixed on the first rotating shaft, the rack is engaged with the gear, the second rotating shaft is mounted on two of the second bearing seats which are arranged symmetrically, two of the second rotating arms are respectively symmetrically fixed on the second rotating shaft, the first rotating arms are hinged to the brackets through the third rotating shaft, and the second rotating arms are hinged to the brackets through the fourth rotating shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,427,884

VISION BASED CONVEYOR PACKAGE DENSITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Fives Intralogistics Corp...

1. A method of managing bulk parcel flow with a vision management system, comprising the steps of:selecting a transition zone between a feed conveyor and a receiving conveyor each one having independent drive means;
selecting a camera field of view of the selected transition zone;
setting the feeding conveyor speed to achieve a desired conveyor area utilization on a down stream receiving conveyor according to a formula V2 (conveyor velocity of incoming items from feed conveyor)=V1 (conveyor velocity outgoing items on receiver conveyor)×2×(DO %)/(RCO %+FCO %) where V is velocity (conveyor speed), DO is Desired Occupancy, RCO is Receiving Conveyor Occupancy, and FCO is Feeding Conveyor Occupancy wherein occupancy comprises conveyor area, conveyor volume, or conveyor density);
determining a percentage of said feed conveyor occupancy defined zone;
determining a percentage of said receiving conveyor occupancy defined zone;
selecting a percentage of a desired occupancy of said receiving conveyor after a merger of said parcels from said feeding conveyor to said receiving conveyor; and
feeding said parcels from said feed conveyor at a selected rate of speed to said receiving conveyor occupancy defined zone; and
merging said parcels at said conveyor area of said transition section between said feed conveyor and said receiving conveyor.

US Pat. No. 10,427,881

CONVEYOR CHAIN MODULE

1. A module for a modular conveyor chain, said module comprising:a metal link portion including a substantially elongate conveying body having opposing longitudinal sides and a bottom face;
a central hinge loop on one longitudinal side of the conveying body; and
a pair of offset hinge loops on the opposite longitudinal side of the conveying body, said pair of offset hinge loops being interspaced to receive the central hinge loop of a link portion of a consecutive module therebetween, wherein each of the hinge loops of the conveying body extend from the conveying body and loop with their free ends back towards the bottom face of the conveying body around a hinge receiving space, so that consecutive modules can be hingedly coupled by a hinge pin passing axially through aligned hinge receiving spaces of cooperating hinge loops, wherein the central hinge loop or each of the offset hinge loops of the pair of offset hinge loops define a distance between the hinge loop free end and the bottom face of the conveying body to form a through pass aperture through which a hinge pin having a diameter over at least a part of its length in the range between about 4 mm to about 8 mm held in a hinge receiving space of at least one hinge loop of another module may pass substantially transversely to its axis into or out of the hinge receiving space of the central hinge loop or each of the offset hinge loops of the pair of offset hinge loops.

US Pat. No. 10,427,880

SNAP-ON POSITION LIMITER FOR A CONVEYOR BELT

Laitram, L.L.C., Harahan...

1. A shaft for mounting components in a conveyor frame, comprising:an axial member extending from a first end to a second end;
a channel extending longitudinally along at least a portion of the axial member perimeter for receiving a tip of a conveyor component; and
a slot in an end face of the shaft for receiving a pin on a handle to selectively shift the shaft relative to the conveyor frame.

US Pat. No. 10,427,874

UTILITY BAG FOR HANDLING AND MANEUVERING BULKY EQUIPMENT IN A CONFINED SPACE

1. A containment system for containing and moving an attic appliance, the containment system comprising:a cylindrical bag component configured to contain a water heater, the bag component having two ends and a long axis, wherein the bag component comprises:
a first end panel at the first end, a second end panel at the second end, and at least one wall between the first and second ends, wherein
the at least one wall is parallel to the long axis, and wherein
each of the first end panel and the second end panel are perpendicular to the long axis and connected to the at least one wall,
at the first end, a first pair of handles sewn directly into the first end panel proximate to the middle of the first end panel and a second pair of handles connected to the bag component by straps sewn to the bag component proximate to the first end panel,
at the second end, a third pair of handles sewn directly into the second end panel proximate to the middle of the second end panel and a fourth pair of handles connected to the bag component by straps sewn to the bag component proximate to the second end panel, and
a closeable opening spanning a portion of at least one of the first or second end panels and a portion of the at least one wall.

US Pat. No. 10,427,871

SCREW CONVEYOR SYSTEM FOR COMPACTION APPARATUS

1. A screw conveyor system for a compaction apparatus having a hopper receiving materials and a container storing the materials in a compacted fashion, the screw conveyor system comprising:a screw conveying the materials from the hopper to the container and including a proximal segment including flights extending in the hopper and a distal segment including flights extending in the container, the screw having a longitudinal axis; and
a passageway structure comprising a tunnel-like passage defined by at least one passageway wall, the tunnel-like passage allowing passage of the materials between the hopper and the container and being traversed by the screw, the passageway structure separating the hopper from the container, the tunnel-like passage being accessible from the hopper through an aperture having an asymmetrical shape along a cross-sectional axis extending normal to the longitudinal axis of the screw, the aperture conforming to a shape of the tunnel-like passage adjacent to the hopper, and the passageway structure comprising:
a main passageway wherein the at least one passageway wall conforms to a circumferential perimeter of the screw along a majority of the circumferential perimeter of the screw; and
a by-pass passageway extending outwardly beyond the circumferential perimeter of the screw and offset from the main passageway.

US Pat. No. 10,427,870

WASTE RECEPTACLE HOLDING DEVICE

1. A holding device, comprising:a handle having a handle first end and a handle second end;
a circular lower hoop secured to said handle second end;
a circular upper hoop having a larger diameter than said lower hoop and secured to said handle second end adjacent said lower hoop with a hinge;
an upper hoop retention clip secured to said handle adjacent said hinge; and,
a waste bag retention clip secured to said upper hoop opposite said hinge;
a rake threadingly secured over said handle first end;
wherein a waste receptacle is adaptably removably secured in an open configuration to said device when positioned between said lower hoop and said upper hoop and when said waste bag retention clip removably secures said lower hoop against said upper hoop;
wherein said waste bag retention clip further comprises an aperture configured to permit said device to be suspended;
wherein said rake comprises:
a handle;
a ferrule disposed adjacent said handle; and,
a plurality of tines disposed adjacent said ferrule opposite said handle;
wherein said lower hoop is made of stainless steel; and
wherein said upper hoop is made of stainless steel.

US Pat. No. 10,427,869

BAG RECEPTACLE HOLDER APPARATUS

1. A tool for picking up and depositing animal waste in a plastic disposable bag, comprising:a. a cylindrical sleeve with a top opening, a bottom opening, a sidewall and a side hole formed on said sidewall;
b. a holder used to temporarily hold a plastic bag inside said cylindrical sleeve, said holder includes a bolt with a head, and a threaded shaft, said head being located inside said cylindrical sleeve and said shaft being extended through said side hole formed on said sidewall;
c. a lock washer that attaches to said shaft to hold said shaft inside said side hole; and
d. a flange nut with internal threads that selectively attaches to said threaded shaft, said flange nut includes an inside surface that presses against said sidewall of said cylindrical sleeve when said flange nut is tighten on said threaded shaft, when said bag is extended into said top opening of said cylindrical sleeve and a top portion of said bag is extended over said sidewall and adjacent to said side hole, said flange nut is forced against said top portion of said bag extending over said sidewall to securely hold said bag on said cylindrical sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,427,867

PACKING MEMBER AND CARTRIDGE PACKED IN THE PACKING MEMBER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A packing member for packing a cartridge, the cartridge including a photosensitive drum on which an electrostatic latent image is to be formed and the cartridge being detachably mountable to an image forming apparatus, wherein the packing member is molded with a resin material, the packing member comprising:(i) a first portion including (a) an opening as an entrance for the cartridge, (b) a recessed portion for accommodating the cartridge, (c) a first limiting portion for limiting a position of the cartridge in a first direction perpendicular to an axial direction of the photosensitive drum, and (d) a second limiting portion for limiting a position of the cartridge in a second direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the photosensitive drum and crossing to the first direction; and
(ii) a second portion for openably covering the opening,
wherein the first limiting portion and the second limiting portion contact portions of the cartridge excluding a region where the electrostatic latent image is to be formed on the photosensitive drum such that a gap is formed between a surface of the photosensitive drum and an inner surface of the recessed portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,864

RIGID PACK WITH HINGED LID AND INTERNALLY PROVIDED WITH A COLLAR HAVING AN UPPER WALL

1. A rigid pack (1) for tobacco articles comprising:a container (2), which has a parallelepiped shape, has an open upper end, a container lower wall (5), a container front wall (6), a container rear wall (7), and two container lateral walls (8);
a lid (3) which is hinged to the container (2), has a parallelepiped shape and has a lid upper wall (9), a lid front wall (10), a lid rear wall (11), and two lid lateral walls (12);
an inner wrap (4) which encloses a group of tobacco articles, and is housed on the inside of the container (2); and
a collar (13), which embraces the inner wrap (4), is internally glued to the container (2), and protrudes from the open upper end of the container (2) and has: a collar front wall (14), two collar lateral walls (15) and a collar upper wall (16) which is perpendicular to the collar front wall (14); and
wherein the collar (13) has a pull-out opening (18) for the tobacco articles which involves a portion of the collar front wall (14) and a portion of the collar upper wall (16); and
wherein the collar upper wall (16) comprises a fixed frame which is “U”-shaped and surrounds an upper part of the pull-out opening (18) on three different sides.

US Pat. No. 10,427,862

AEROSOL DISPENSER ASSEMBLY HAVING VOC-FREE PROPELLANT AND DISPENSING MECHANISM THEREFOR

1. An aerosol dispenser system having a volatile organic compound (VOC)-free propellant comprising:an enclosed container accommodating a liquid product under pressure;
a valve assembly coupled to and in fluid communication with the container;
an actuator body coupled to and in fluid communication with the valve assembly; and
at least one swirl nozzle insert coupled to and in fluid communication with the actuator body, the at least one swirl nozzle insert comprising a cylindrical sidewall connected to an end wall, the cylindrical sidewall having a diameter D less than 4,000 ?m defining an open bottom, the end wall comprising a recess that defines a swirl chamber, the end wall further comprising an outlet orifice connected to the swirl chamber and the end wall further comprising at least one inlet slot extending inward from a junction of the cylindrical sidewall and end wall towards the swirl chamber,
the outlet orifice having a diameter do and an axial length Lo, the axial length Lo being less than 250 ?m, the swirl chamber having a diameter Ds, the inlet slot comprising a width dp, a height Ls, and a cross-sectional area dp×Ls defined by said width dp and height Ls, a number of inlet slots N ranging from 1 to 6,
do, Ds and a cumulative cross-sectional area of the N slots, dp×Ls×N, being used to achieve a Sauter Mean Diameter D[3,2] of particles exiting the outlet orifice below a predetermined upper limit when the aerosol dispensing system is charged with an aqueous product.

US Pat. No. 10,427,859

DISPENSER FOR A CREAM, GEL OR SOFT SOLID COMPOSITION

Conopco, Inc., Englewood...

1. A dispenser suitable for delivery of a cream, gel or soft solid composition comprising:(i) a convex applicator surface at an upper end;
(ii) a replaceable cartridge containing a composition to be dispensed;
(iii) a passageway between the cartridge and the applicator surface;
(iv) a drive mechanism for forcing the composition from the cartridge through the passageway and onto the applicator surface;
(v) an outer body containing features (ii) to (iv); and
(vi) a non-return ratchet which interacts with a plunger to prevent significant axially movement of the plunger whilst a dial unit is rotated in a second direction;the drive mechanism comprising the dial unit and the plunger, rotation of the dial unit in a first direction advancing the plunger axially upwards, the plunger acting upon a piston seal at the base of the replaceable cartridge, thereby forcing the contained composition upwards and outwards through the passageway and onto the applicator surface; rotation of the dial unit in the second direction, counter to the first, rotationally re-setting the dial unit relative to the plunger in readiness for a further advancement of the plunger, rotation in the second direction not causing significant axial movement of the plunger and being brought about by a torsion spring that forces the dial unit back to its position before the dial unit was turned when torque applied to turn the dial unit in its first direction is released, wherein an advancing ratchet which is rotationally locked to the dial unit interacts with advancing teeth on the plunger to cause the plunger to be raised axially upwards when the dial unit is rotated in its first direction and wherein the non-return ratchet is rotationally locked to the dial unit and interacts with a set of non-return teeth on the plunger to prevent axially downward movement of the plunger when the dial unit is rotated in its second direction and wherein the advancing ratchet and the non-return ratchet are part of a ratchet sleeve, which is moulded independently of the dial unit, but slotted in to the dial unit in a rotationally fixed manner during assembly of the dispenser.

US Pat. No. 10,427,852

FLEXIBLE FITMENT FOR FLEXIBLE CONTAINER

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A flexible container comprising:a first multilayer film and a second multilayer film, each multilayer film comprising a seal layer, the multilayer films arranged such that seal layers oppose each other and the second multilayer film is superimposed on the first multilayer film, the films sealed along a common peripheral edge;
a fitment comprising a base, the base comprising an ethylene/?-olefin multi-block copolymer consisting of an ethylene monomer and a C3-C20 ?-olefin comonomer, the ethylene/?-olefin multi-block copolymer having an elastic recovery from 50% to 90% as measured in accordance with ASTM D 1708 (300% min?1 deformation rate at 21° C.); and
a fitment seal comprising the base located between the multilayer films and the base is sealed to each multilayer film at a portion of the common peripheral edge.

US Pat. No. 10,427,850

QUICK-ADJUST TENSIONER

Akerworks, Inc., Knoxvil...

1. A tensioner, comprising:a stop, a first member, and a foot;
said stop includes a first aperture, wherein at least a portion of said stop that defines said first aperture comprises a resilient material;
said first member connects said stop to said foot, said first member is resilient, said first member is configured to bias to a straight position;
said foot includes a second aperture, said second aperture is circular, wherein any diameter of said second aperture is greater than the smallest diameter of said first aperture, said first and second apertures are parallel when said first member is in said straight position;
wherein a first side of said stop, a first side of said first member, and a first side of said foot are contiguous and defined by a first plane when said first member is straight;
wherein a second side of said stop, a second side of said first member, and a second side of said foot are contiguous, said second side of said first member is defined by a second plane when said first member is straight;
wherein a third side of said stop, a third side of said first member, and a third side of said foot are contiguous, said third side of said first member is defined by a third plane when said first member is straight;
wherein said stop is thicker than said foot such that a height of said first aperture is greater than a height of said second aperture;
wherein said first member is capable of bending such that said first aperture aligns completely superposed in said second aperture;
wherein said first member is capable of bending such that said stop contacts said foot such that said first and second apertures are coaxial while said first member maintains full resilience to bias return to said straight position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,847

CONTAINER WITH A CHILD-PROOF LOCK

SANNER GMBH, Bensheim (D...

1. A container comprising:a container body having a container opening;
a container closure for the container opening, said closure being movable from a closed to an open position; and
a removable tamper-proof element,
wherein the container closure comprises a child safety device having an actuating element wherein the tamper-proof element blocks movement of at least a portion of the actuating element and wherein after the tamper-proof element is removed, at least a portion of the actuating element is movable from a first position, in which the container closure is secured, to a second position, in which the container closure is not secured,
wherein the actuating element has a sliding body that can be moved from the first to the second position, and wherein the sliding body has a window wherein the tamper-proof element is arranged in the window.

US Pat. No. 10,427,846

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING PACKAGE TAMPERING

Walmart Apollo, LLC, Ben...

1. A tape dispensing system, the system comprising:packaging tape including a first portion and a second portion;
an application apparatus that is configured to apply the packaging tape to a first package and a second package;
an incision element that is configured at a first time to define a first unique pattern and that is configured at a second time to define a second unique pattern, the incision element being connected to the application apparatus, wherein the incision element comprises multiple prongs and a number of the prongs and a height of each of the prongs are varied to obtain the first unique pattern at the first time and are readjusted at the second time to obtain the second unique pattern;
such that a movement of the application apparatus is effective to punch or incise the first unique pattern defined by the incision element completely through the first portion of the packaging tape and into the first package as indentations as or after the first portion of the packaging tape is applied to the first package at the first time;
such that a movement of the application apparatus is effective to punch or incise the second unique pattern defined by the incision element completely through the second portion of the packaging tape and into the second package as indentations as or after the second portion of the packaging tape is applied to the second package at the second time;
wherein a first incised pattern is formed through the first portion of the tape, and a second incised pattern is formed in the first package, and wherein a first inspection is performed to determine if the first incised pattern through the first portion of the tape aligns with the second incised pattern in the first package;
wherein a third incised pattern is formed through the second portion of the tape, and a fourth incised pattern is formed in the second package, and wherein a second inspection is performed to determine if the third incised pattern through the second portion of the tape aligns with the fourth incised pattern in the second package;
wherein the indentations in the first package are filled with ink to facilitate the first inspection and the indentations in the second package are filled with ink to facilitate the second inspection.

US Pat. No. 10,427,845

TAMPER EVIDENT CLOSURE

Obrist Closures Switzerla...

1. A closure comprising:a body portion having engagement means for engagement with a container to prevent removal of the body portion from the container, wherein the engagement means comprises at least one clip for securing the body portion to a neck of the container, and wherein the body portion is made from plastic, and
a shell for engagement with the body portion, wherein the shell comprises securing means arranged in use to secure the engagement means onto the container, and wherein the securing means is a bead, wherein the shell is made from metal;
wherein the bead secures the at least one clip to the container so that the body portion cannot be removed from the container after the closure has been applied to the container.

US Pat. No. 10,427,844

CONTAINER LID

1. A lid for a bucket, said lid comprising:a side wall extending upward from a collar along a circular lower edge and forming a dome;
said collar selectively securing said lid to said bucket, said bucket being formed of paper or corrugated material and having a lip with a thickness along a circumference of a top portion of said bucket, where said collar has a plurality of horizontal detents shaped as trapezoids that project inward toward a central axis of said collar and to a greater extent than the circular lower edge to latch onto a bottom portion of said lip when said lip is within a specified thickness, each of said plurality of horizontal detents vertically offset above the circular lower edge of said collar and each of said plurality of horizontal detents having a lower width proximal to the circular lower edge that is less than an upper width proximal to said side wall, each of said plurality of horizontal detents separated by at least one of a plurality of outwardly extending ribs and a region lacking a horizontal detent, each of said plurality of outwardly extending ribs being orthogonal to said detents; and
a flexible and expandable under hang disposed below said plurality of detents, said flexible and expandable under hang having a diameter, said under hang having an circumferential indentation with an inward spring force that grabs said lip of said bucket when said lip is greater than the specified thickness and when said lip is less than the diameter such that said plurality of horizontal detents latch onto a bottom portion of said lip and able to compensate for a variation in the circumference of said bucket;
wherein each of said plurality of outwardly extending ribs extends from between said plurality of horizontal detents into said flexible and expandable under hang.

US Pat. No. 10,427,841

CENTERING AID FOR CONTAINER LID

Aesculap AG, (DE)

1. A container havinga container trough with an access opening,
a container lid, and
a seal which is arranged between the container trough and the container lid in the closed state of the container, whereby the seal, in the closed state of the container, is in contact with the container trough and the container lid along the entire periphery of the access opening, and a centering aid
wherein
the centering aid has a first centering device, which is provided on either the container lid or the container trough,
a second centering device which is provided on the other one of either the container lid or the container trough,
the centering devices are made from a material which has a higher modulus of elasticity than the seal,
the container trough includes a first fastening element adjacent to the first centering device, and
the container lid includes a second fastening element pivotally connected to the container lid adjacent to the second centering device, and the container lid is secured to the container trough when the second fastening element is fastened to the first fastening element, wherein
the first centering device has four planar projections which run in a lateral direction to form an angle in relation to the longitudinal axis of the container and the transverse axis of the container and wherein the second centering device has four recesses which are adjusted appropriately to accommodate and interlock corresponding planar projections.

US Pat. No. 10,427,840

PRESS IN FLANGE CONTAINER CLOSURE SYSTEM

GREIF INTERNATIONAL HOLDI...

17. A method of snap-fittingly installing an insert in an aperture in a container wall,the insert comprising an external circumferential groove; an internally threaded, through-going opening adapted to receive a complementary, externally threaded plug to form a fluid-tight sealed closure; and an end forming a tapered rim which, prior to installation of the insert in the container aperture, provides:
(i) a guide surface and
(ii) a rearwardly facing shoulder;
an edge portion of the container aperture being formed as an upstanding collar;
the method comprising the steps of:
installing a sealing element in the circumferential groove;
pressing the insert into the collar so that the guide surface resiliently deforms the insert and/or the collar and the sealing element is carried into the collar under reduced or no compression, and further pressing the insert into the collar so as to allow a forward end of the collar to snap fit into place behind the rearwardly facing shoulder;
the insert and/or the collar thereby resiliently recovering so as to compress the sealing element between the circumferential groove and the upstanding collar.

US Pat. No. 10,427,839

RESEALABLE BAG

BAGEM PACKAGING SERVICES ...

1. An improved resealable bag of the type having:a pair of walls, each defining a side of the bag, the walls being joined to one another to define a pair of spaced apart side edges of the bag between which side edges of the walls each extend,
a bottom from which the walls extend and an upper edge to which the walls extend;
for each of the walls and operatively secured thereto, proximal to and spaced from the upper edge, a component, the components mating with one another to define a recloseable press-to-seal fastener,
the improvement comprising:
for each side of the bag, a flap disposed intermediate the recloseable fastener and the bottom; and
said flap defining an opening for receiving a first finger of a one hand, a bottom of said opening being located adjacent said recloseable press-to-seal fastener and the flap being sized and dimensioned such that the flap lies flush against the side of the bag except when stretched or drawn apart therefrom;
each side of the bag defining a finger pressure receiving region spaced from and located outside said flap and adjacent said recloseable fastener such that said first finger and a second finger of the one hand and a first and a second finger of another hand can be used to concurrently grip said sides of said bag such that said bag is gripped with both hands and said fingers cooperate to apply a pivotally directed opening force to said recloseable press-to-seal fastener in order to effect release of said recloseable press-to-seal fastener.

US Pat. No. 10,427,835

CONTAINER WITH INTERCHANGEABLE CRYSTAL DISPLAYS

1. A container with an interchangeable crystal display, the container comprising:a container body sized to accommodate a volume of a liquid, the container body having an upper end and a lower end;
a cap designed to removably engage with the upper end of the container body;
a container base designed to removably engage with the lower end of the container body; and
an interchangeable crystal display removably secured to a surface of the container base such that the interchangeable crystal display extends upwards from the container base into an interior of the container body when the container base is engaged with the lower end of the container body,
wherein the interchangeable crystal display further comprises a crystal removably secured to a crystal base, wherein the crystal base is designed to secure to the container base,
wherein at least one channel extends through a portion of the crystal proximate to the crystal base; and the channel has a diameter sufficient to accommodate a wire being threaded therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,427,833

ASSEMBLABLE PALLET

AIR-BAG PACKING CO., LTD....

1. A pallet, comprising:a plurality of first base members, each of the first base members comprising a first base body, a plurality of first fixing grooves formed on the first base body, and a first angled fixing groove formed on the first base body, wherein the first fixing grooves of each of the first base members are in communication with each other, the first fixing grooves of each of the first base members are oriented orthogonally, and one end of the first angled fixing groove intersects with one end of each of the first fixing grooves;
a plurality of second base members, each of the second base members located between the corresponding two first base members, wherein each of the second base members comprises a second base body, a second fixing groove formed on the second base body, and a second slot formed on the second base body, wherein one end of the second fixing groove is in communication with the second slot, and the second fixing groove and the second slot of each of the second base members are oriented orthogonally;
a central base member, located between the second base members, wherein the central base member comprises a central base body, a plurality of central slots formed on the central base body, and a plurality of central angled slots formed on the central base body, wherein the central slots are intersected at an intersecting point of the central base body, and the central slots and the central angled slots cross at an intersecting point of the central base body;
a plurality of connecting bars, fixedly received in the first fixing grooves, the second fixing grooves, the second slots, and the central slots to secure the central base member, the first base members, and the second base members to form a pallet frame, wherein two ends of each of the connecting bars are abutted against respective inner walls of the first fixing grooves or respective inner walls of the second fixing grooves, so that the connecting bars are positionally restricted by the first fixing grooves, the second fixing grooves, and the central slots;
a plurality of slanted connecting bars, fixedly received in the first angled fixing grooves and the central angled slots to secure the central base member and the first base members, wherein the slanted connecting bars are positionally restricted by the first angled fixing grooves and the central angled slots; and
a loading plate, fixed on the pallet frame.

US Pat. No. 10,427,830

ROTATING SIDEWALL STOP FOR SUPPORTING FOLDING SIDEWALLS OF A HEIGHT-EXTENDED BULK BOX

Schaefer Systems Internat...

1. A height-extended bulk box, comprising:(a) a quadrilateral base;
(b) four height-extending walls connected to respective sides of the base;
(c) four sidewalls pivotally mounted to respective ones of the height-extending walls and movable between a vertically erected use position and a collapsed configuration wherein the sidewalls are rotated inwardly into the area defined by quadrilateral base; and
(d) at least one sidewall stop positioned on one of the height-extending walls and movable between a non-use stowed position and a deployed position that extends into the volume of the bulk box and arrests movement of a first of the sidewalls to be moved into a collapsed position past a position substantially parallel to the top deck of the base.

US Pat. No. 10,427,829

THINNED METAL CAN END

Silgan Containers LLC, W...

1. A metal, multi-thickness, one-piece can end formed from a single sheet of metal, having a first surface and a second surface, the end comprising:a circular panel formed at the center of the sheet of metal, a distance perpendicular to and between the first surface and the second surface at the central panel defining a panel material thickness;
an annular ridged portion formed at a portion of the sheet of metal extending from and surrounding the circular panel; and
an annular outside formation formed at a portion of the sheet of metal extending from and surrounding the annular ridged portion, a distance perpendicular to and between the first surface and the second surface at the annular outside formation defining an outside formation material thickness, the outside formation material thickness being at least 1.15 times as thick as the panel material thickness, wherein the annular formation is used to join the end to a can body with a double seam.

US Pat. No. 10,427,827

BOX WITH IMPROVED GRIPPING FUNCTIONALITY

1. A box, comprising:at least four side panels, including:
a first minor panel foldably coupled to a first minor flap;
a first major panel foldably coupled to a first major flap;
a second minor panel foldably coupled to a second minor flap;
a second major panel foldably coupled to a second major flap;
a top end; and
a bottom end,
wherein the top end includes the first and second minor flaps and the first and second major flaps, with the first minor flap positioned opposite the second minor flap, and the first major flap positioned opposite the second major flap,
wherein portions of the first and second major flaps overlie portions of the first and second minor flaps,
wherein an opening extends through portions of the first and second major flaps between the first and second minor flaps, and
wherein the opening extends an entire distance between opposing peripheral edges of the first and second major panels.

US Pat. No. 10,427,826

REUSABLE JUG

1. A device, which is comprised of:a. a jug;
wherein the jug has a top opening and a bottom opening;
wherein a set of female threads are provided on the bottom opening of the jug;
wherein a set of male threads are provided on the top opening of the jug;
b. a top cap;
wherein the top cap provides female threads;
wherein the top cap threads over the male threads of the top opening of the jug;
c. a large bottom cap;
wherein the large bottom cap provides a set of male threads;
wherein the large bottom cap provides a first set of female threads;
wherein the large bottom cap provides a second set of female threads;
wherein the large bottom cap threads into the bottom opening of the jug;
wherein the large bottom cap has an opening;
wherein the first set of female threads are provided within the opening;
d. a small bottom cap;
wherein the small bottom cap has a set of male threads;
wherein the male threads of the small bottom cap thread into the first set of female threads of the large bottom cap;
e. an internal receptacle;
wherein the internal receptacle has male threads;
wherein the internal receptacle threads into the second set of female threads of the large bottom cap;
f. a first seal;
wherein the first seal is provided between the large bottom cap and the bottom opening of the jug;
g. a second seal;
wherein the second seal is provided between the large bottom cap and the internal receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,825

PORTABLE CANTEEN WITH STORAGE COMPARTMENTS

1. A canteen for removably concealing at least one article within a bottom cavity of the canteen, wherein the canteen comprises:a main body; wherein the main body comprises:
an exterior surface that is substantially opaque exteriorly hiding the bottom cavity;
a top cavity and the bottom cavity both of which are formed from the main body;
wherein the top cavity and the bottom cavity are longitudinally disposed of each other in a manner that a bottom portion of the top cavity is disposed above a roof portion of the bottom cavity;
wherein a volume of the top cavity is bound by a top interior surface of the top cavity that runs from a top opening of the top cavity to the bottom portion of the top cavity, wherein the top opening of the top cavity is disposed above the bottom portion of the top cavity; wherein a volume of the bottom cavity is bound by a bottom interior surface of the bottom cavity that runs from a bottom opening of the bottom cavity to the roof portion of the bottom cavity, wherein the bottom opening of the bottom cavity is disposed beneath the roof portion of the bottom cavity; wherein less than a majority of the volume of the bottom cavity extends into the volume of the top cavity in a manner that is radially symmetrical about a shared central longitudinal axis of both the top cavity and the bottom cavity; and
a bottom lid, wherein the bottom lid is of a fixed length, wherein the bottom lid is closed at an end distal from the roof portion of the bottom cavity, wherein the bottom lid is substantially hollow, wherein the bottom lid removably seals the bottom opening of the bottom cavity, wherein removable attachment of the bottom lid to the main body allows the at least one article to be removably concealed within the bottom cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,427,823

LIGHTWEIGHT NECK FINISH FOR A CONTAINER

Silgan White Cap LLC, Do...

1. A container comprising:a body portion defining an interior; and
a neck finish comprising:
a cylindrical neck having a first end and a second end;
a channel extending between the first end and the second end of the neck;
the first end of the neck being attached to and extending from an upper end of the body portion;
the second end of the neck defining an opening configured to provide for fluid communication between the interior of the body portion and a location outside the container;
a thread extending about an exterior surface of an upper portion of the neck, the thread configured to engage a corresponding engagement structure on a closure to seal the opening when a closure is attached to the neck; and
a retention element extending outwardly from the exterior surface of the neck at a location below a lowermost portion of the thread, the retention element configured to engage a corresponding retention structure on a tamper band portion of a closure upon initial removal of a closure formed with a tamper band from the neck of the container, the retention element comprising:
a first structure comprising:
an upper surface extending between a first end and a second end, the first end of the upper surface attached to the exterior surface of the neck; and
a lower surface extending between a first end and a second end, the first end of the lower surface being attached to the exterior surface of the neck;
the second end of the upper surface and the second end of the lower surface each being located radially outwards relative to the exterior surface of the neck at substantially the same distance as measured from a vertical axis about which the neck is centered;
the second end of the upper surface and the second end of the lower surface each being located at substantially the same height along the vertical axis;
the upper surface extending between the upper surface first end and the upper surface second end along a curve; and
a second structure comprising:
a circumferentially extending main body portion having an uppermost end attached to and extending downwards from a bottom end of the lower surface of the first structure;
a radially outermost portion of an exterior surface of the main body being located radially inwards relative to each of the second ends of the of the upper and lower surfaces of the first structure;
a lowermost end of the exterior surface of the main body being located radially outwards relative to the exterior surface of the neck and radially inwards relative to each of the second ends of the of the upper and lower surfaces of the first structure; and
a circumferentially extending groove formed within and extending circumferentially about at least a portion of the main body at a height along the main body located between the uppermost end and the lowermost end;
the circumferentially extending groove having a height as measured along the vertical axis and a length as measured in a circumferential direction, the length of the circumferentially extending groove being greater than the height of the circumferentially extending groove.

US Pat. No. 10,427,822

CONTAINERS AND RECYCLABLE TAMPER-EVIDENT CLOSURE ASSEMBLIES

GUALA CLOSURES S.P.A., A...

1. An assembly, comprising:a container with a neck and a mouth, said neck extending along a longitudinal axis and terminating on top in an annular rim that delimits the mouth,
a tamper-evident closure coupled to said container for opening and closing said mouth, said neck comprising:
a tubular wall extending along said longitudinal axis between a lower portion and an upper portion, the annular rim being formed at a upper end of the upper portion,
threads formed outside the tubular wall, longitudinally beneath and adjacent to said annular rim, such threads having a minimum diameter D1 and a maximum diameter D2 and longitudinally extending between a lower end of the threads and an upper end of the threads,
a projection formed outside the tubular wall longitudinally beneath said lower end of the threads, said projection having a maximum diameter D3 that is greater than the minimum diameter D1 of the threads and less than or equal to the maximum diameter D2 of the threads,
a groove formed in the projection and extending in a circumferential or helical direction, with a minimum diameter D4 that is less than the maximum diameter D3 of the projection and less than the maximum diameter D2 of the threads, between a first end of the groove and a second end of the groove,
a ramp extending in the circumferential or helical direction to join the second end of the groove with a portion of the projection, to thereby join the minimum diameter D4 of the groove to the maximum diameter D3 of the projection, and
said tamper-evident closure comprising:
a closure member configured to open and close said mouth, said closure member comprising a top wall and a sleeve, the sleeve being arranged coaxially outside the neck and longitudinally extending between said top wall and a bottom edge of the sleeve, said sleeve comprising threads removably engaged with the threads of the container,
a skirt arranged coaxially outside the neck and longitudinally beneath the sleeve, said skirt longitudinally extending with a maximum diameter D5 between a top edge of the skirt and a bottom edge of the skirt, the top edge of the skirt being connected to the bottom edge of the sleeve using a frangible portion, which is configured to break upon first opening to allow removal of the closure member from the neck, said skirt having a first attachment portion and a second attachment portion, said first attachment portion being engaged in the groove to hold the skirt longitudinally attached to the neck upon the first opening and extending with a minimum diameter D6 between the first end of the groove and the second end of the groove, said second attachment portion being engaged with the ramp to join the first attachment portion having the minimum diameter D6 with a skirt portion having the maximum diameter D5,
so that, upon removal of the closure member from the neck, the skirt can be rotated relative to the neck to bring the first attachment portion to engage against the ramp and enlarge its diameter to the maximum diameter D5 to thereby disengage the first attachment portion from the groove and allow the skirt to be slid off the neck.

US Pat. No. 10,427,821

DELAMINATED CONTAINER MANUFACTURING METHOD AND AIR LEAK INSPECTION METHOD FOR DELAMINATED CONTAINER

KYORAKU CO., LTD., Kyoto...

1. A method of manufacturing a delaminatable container, comprising:forming a container body having an outer shell and an inner bag; and
preliminarily delaminating the inner bag from the outer shell in an entire circumference of a storage portion of the container body by rotating the container body while pressing the storage portion with a pressing mechanism from outside for compression or by moving the pressing mechanism along an outer circumference of the container body.

US Pat. No. 10,427,820

AUTOMATIC HIGH SPEED; LABELING SYSTEM HAVING AN IMPROVED LABEL STRIPPER

Sinclair Systems Internat...

1. An automatic, high speed produce labeling machine wherein a label applicator having a plurality of bellows carried on a rotary head includes a label stripper to strip individual labels from a label carrier strip and transfer said labels onto the tip of a single bellow, and thereafter onto individual items of produce wherein said label carrier strip has first and second edges, is drawn across said label stripper surface to separate individual labels from the center of said label carrier strip, and wherein said label carrier strip periodically becomes misaligned relative to said label stripper surface, the improved label stripper characterized by:said label stripper having a body, two mounting ears and a contoured surface;
said contoured surface including a central stripping segment and first and second separation segments;
said central stripping segment is positioned on the center of the pathway of said carrier strip to engage and strip said labels as said carrier strip is drawn across said label stripper;
said first and second separation segments are positioned laterally on opposite sides of said central stripping segment; and
both separation segments have surfaces inclined in a direction away from the path of said carrier strip, whereby as a label is stripped by said central stripping segment, said first and second edges of said carrier strip are separated from said contoured surface by said separation segments and do not contact said contoured surface of said label stripper, minimizing tension in said first and second edges of said carrier strip and maximizing tension in the center of said carrier strip.

US Pat. No. 10,427,818

STRAPPING APPARATUS, STRAPPING METHOD AND PAPER SHEETS PROCESSING APPARATUS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A strapping apparatus comprising:a main controller that sets a denomination of paper sheets to be strapped, and
determines a color of a strap band to strap a bundle of the paper sheets, based on the denomination;
a strap band supply device that stores a first strap band reel having strap bands to be supplied;
an imaging device that acquires an image of the first strap band reel;
a sub-controller that decides a color of the first strap band reel, based on the image; wherein
the main controller presents a warning via a monitor if the color of the first strap band reel is different from the color determined by the main controller; wherein the sub-controller decides a remaining quantity of the first strap band reel, based on the image, the strap band supply device further stores a second strap band reel, the sub-controller makes the strap band supply device supply strap bands from the second strap band reel if the remaining quantity of the first strap band reel is less than a predetermined remaining quantity, and the main controller presents the warning via the monitor if a color of the second strap band reel is different from the color determined by the main controller and if the remaining quantity of the first strap band reel is less than the predetermined remaining quantity.

US Pat. No. 10,427,815

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING PACKAGES

KHS GmbH, Dortmund (DE)

1. An apparatus for forming a container package, said apparatus comprising a guide rail, a container inlet, a first container treatment section, a second container treatment section, a first adhesive-applicator, a second adhesive-applicator, a transport section, a first clamp head, and a second clamp head, wherein said container inlet is configured for receiving a two-lane container stream, wherein said first treatment section receives a first lane of said container stream, wherein said second treatment section receives a second lane of said container stream, wherein said first adhesive applicator is configured to apply adhesive to containers in said first treatment section, wherein said second adhesive applicator is configured to apply adhesive to containers in said second treatment section, wherein said transport section follows said first and second treatment section, wherein said transport section conveys an at least two-lane container stream along a transport direction, wherein said first clamp head and said second clamp head cooperate to separate containers moving along said transport direction into container groups, wherein, in operation, said first and second clamp heads each comprise a container holder configured to grip a container on a surface thereof, wherein said first and second clamp heads are disposed to move together along said transport section opposite each other, wherein said first and second clamp heads are configured to cooperate to compress containers in a container group together so that adhesive applied to said containers binds said containers together to form said container package, wherein said clamp head comprises a headpiece that forms said container holder and a trolley that is guided on said guide rail, said headpiece being configured to be slid in a controlled manner and guided on said trolley for executing a delivery and clamping movement, and wherein said head piece is exchangeable for other head pieces to accommodate different container formats.

US Pat. No. 10,427,811

DEVICE FOR FILLING A CONTAINER

KRONES AG, Neutraubling ...

1. A device for filling a container with a fill product comprising:a fill product reservoir comprising a valve disposed in a base of the fill product reservoir;
a dosing cylinder comprising a dosing piston configured to be displaceable for dosing the fill product; and
a discharge channel comprising an outlet end that discharges the fill product into the container and a discharge plunger that expels a product residue at an end of a filling process, wherein:
the fill product reservoir, the dosing cylinder, and the discharge channel are in communication with each other via a product channel,
the valve opens and closes a connection between the fill product reservoir and the product channel,
the discharge channel is in communication with the dosing cylinder via an inclined section of the product channel,
a lower blocking edge of the inclined section is disposed at a level below a level defined by a lower center of the dosing piston,
a lower edge of a wall of the dosing cylinder proximate to the fill product reservoir is disposed at a level that is higher than the lower blocking edge of the inclined section,
at the end of the filling process, when no further fill product is being conveyed through the product channel, the discharge plunger, by adopting its lowered position, is configured to expel fill product that is still present in the discharge channel through the outlet end, and
an aperture in the base of the fill product reservoir is disposed at a higher level than the level defined by the lower center of the dosing piston.

US Pat. No. 10,427,807

METHOD OF FABRICATING A FLEXIBLE, LOW-DENSITY THERMAL PROTECTION MATERIAL

United States of America ...

1. A method of fabricating a low-density thermal protection material, the method comprising:providing a flexible substrate;
providing a slurry including a carrier liquid and pyrolizable thermoset resin particles that have already been cured and that are immersed in, but not soluble in, the carrier liquid;
impregnating the slurry into the substrate to form an impregnated substrate; and
removing the carrier liquid from the impregnated substrate to provide said low-density thermal protection material that remains flexible after the thermoset resin particles are fully pyrolized.

US Pat. No. 10,427,806

DEPLOYMENT AND CONTROL ALGORITHMS FOR WHEEL CLUSTER FORMATIONS OF SATELLITES

The Aerospace Corporation...

1. A process for controlling a companion satellite in a wheel orbit formation, comprising:determining, by at least one processor, one or more deviations in an orbit of the companion satellite; and
controlling, by the at least one processor, the companion satellite to minimize effects of perturbing forces, wherein
the determining of the one or more deviations comprises determining the one or more deviations in eccentricity vector components es and ec,
the one or more deviations caused by a difference in the perturbing forces between a center satellite and the companion satellite.

US Pat. No. 10,427,803

ANCHORING VEHICLE FOR ANCHORING AN AIRSHIP AT THE TAIL WHILST COUPLED TO A MOORING-MAST AT THE BOW

1. An anchoring vehicle for anchoring an airship at a tail of the airship, comprising:a height adjustable anchoring-mast mounted to said anchoring vehicle with a ball and socket joint, a coupling location of said anchoring-mast being positioned at a height of a middle axis of the airship, the anchoring mast comprising:
a) coupling devices and spring devices,
b) a minimum of three suspension cables each equipped with a force sensor, or a minimum of two sensors that sense force/strain in two different directions and that are integrated in a rigid coupling of the anchoring-mast; and
c) a measuring device for measuring horizontal wind force upon the airship arranged on the anchoring vehicle,
at least three wheels that are drivable and steerable, and
a control unit and servomotors for steering and driving the wheels depending on measured values of the force sensors, enabling the anchoring vehicle to independently move in a horizontal direction to the airship's position dictated by the wind direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,802

STABILIZED AGGREGATES AND OTHER MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES FOR ENERGY ABSORPTION

Engineered Arresting Syst...

1. A method of forming a structure for arresting aircraft as an extension area of a runway, comprising:a. positioning a plurality of anchors in the extension area;
b. attaching at least one net to the plurality of anchors;
c. positioning loose aggregate so that its location in the extension area is stabilized at least in part by the plurality of anchors and the at least one net;
d. introducing into the extension area a first material different than the loose aggregate; and
e. coating at least the first material with a water-resistant material.

US Pat. No. 10,427,799

TRIMMING DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE GLIDE SLOPE AND DESCENT SPEED OF A PARAFOIL

The Charles Stark Draper ...

15. A system for adjusting a trim angle during flight to control glide slope and descent speed of a parafoil, the system comprising: a canopy having a forward portion and an aft portion; a forward suspension line coupled to the forward portion; an aft suspension line coupled to the aft portion;first and second pulleys coupled to suspension lines of the parafoil, wherein the first pulley has a first diameter and the second pulley has a second diameter greater than the first diameter, wherein the forward suspension line of the parafoil is coupled to the first pulley, and wherein the aft suspension line of the parafoil is coupled to the second pulley;
an additional suspension line coupled to one of the forward portion of the canopy or the aft portion of the canopy, wherein the additional suspension line is further coupled to an axle of the first pulley and the second pulley;
a motor coupled to the first and second pulleys; and
a processor operatively coupled to the motor, wherein the processor causes the motor to rotate the first and second pulleys to extend or retract the suspension lines to adjust the trim angle during flight.

US Pat. No. 10,427,798

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR DEICING A SURFACE

Unmanned AeroSpace Techno...

1. A method comprising:receiving first data from at least one first sensor;
wherein the at least one first sensor is configured to supply data related to:
(i) a thickness of an ice layer on a coated skin surface;
wherein the coated skin surface comprises a coating on a surface of a skin;
wherein the skin comprises a composite including first and second layers, wherein one of the first and second layers is a structural layer;
calculating the thickness of the ice layer;
comparing the thickness of the ice layer to a threshold thickness;
based, at least in part, on the comparing the thickness of the ice layer to the threshold thickness, vibrating the coated skin surface using at least one mechanical element for a sufficient duration, sufficient frequency, and sufficient displacement so as to result in removal of a first portion of the ice layer thereby resulting in at least a partially deiced coated skin surface;
wherein the at least one mechanical element comprises a linear actuator, the linear actuator comprising a cylinder coupled to a rotation mechanism, the linear actuator configured to convert rotational movement of the rotation mechanism to linear movement to linearly displace the cylinder;
wherein the sufficient frequency ranges from 0.01 to 1000 hertz; and
wherein the sufficient displacement of each of the at least one mechanical elements ranges from 2 millimeter to 15 millimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,427,796

AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AN AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM IN AN AIR VEHICLE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An air distribution system for an air conditioning system in an air vehicle, the air distribution system comprising:a plurality of lower lobe ducts located below a cabin floor of a cabin of the air vehicle, each of the plurality of lower lobe ducts being in fluid communication with a mix manifold coupled to one or more air conditioning (AC) packs of the air conditioning system in the air vehicle;
a plurality of sidewall riser ducts coupled to the plurality of lower lobe ducts;
a pair of outboard manifold ducts;
a recirculation air duct located in a crown portion of the air distribution system above the cabin floor;
one of, a plurality of recirculation downer ducts, or a plurality of branch recirculation ducts, coupled to the recirculation air duct;
a conditioned air flow, distributed from the one or more AC packs, through the mix manifold, and to one of, the plurality of lower lobe ducts, or the plurality of lower lobe ducts and then the plurality of sidewall riser ducts;
a recirculated air flow, distributed from the recirculation air duct, to one of, the plurality of recirculation downer ducts, or the plurality of branch recirculation ducts; and
a mixed air flow formed by mixing the conditioned air flow and the recirculated air flow, the mixed air flow distributed to the pair of outboard manifold ducts, and into the cabin of the air vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,795

VARYING A CROSS SECTION OF A RAM AIR PASSAGE

Airbus Operations GmbH, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a ramp configured to enable variation of a cross section of a ram air passage of the apparatus, wherein the ramp comprises:
a first rigid member;
a second rigid member; and
a flexible member coupled to the first rigid member and the second rigid member,
wherein the ramp is movably mounted at two ends; and
an actuator external to the ramp which is configured to act upon the ramp for moving the ramp,
wherein the actuator is mechanically coupled only to a center region of the flexible member so that a radius of curvature of the flexible member substantially decreases as the cross section of the ram air passage decreases, and
wherein the ramp is configured to entirely close the ram air passage.

US Pat. No. 10,427,792

VEHICLE WITH A SIMULATED WINDOW FEATURE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

9. A display system for a lavatory of a vehicle, wherein the display system is configured to resemble a window of the vehicle, the display system comprising:a bezel disposed about a boundary of a cutout formed in a wall of the lavatory;
a fixture configured as a continuous member mounted exterior to the wall of the lavatory behind the bezel; and
an electronic display mounted in the fixture, such that the electronic display is visible from within the lavatory through the bezel, wherein the wall of the lavatory is curved to match curvature of a body of the vehicle, wherein the electronic display is flat, wherein the fixture is ring-shaped and has variable thickness such that a top edge and a bottom edge of the fixture are thicker than a middle section of the fixture so as to accommodate curvature of the wall of the lavatory.

US Pat. No. 10,427,789

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE USED IN FISHING

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used in fishing, comprising:a housing, said housing having a top part and a bottom part;
a plurality of arms arranged on the top part, each arm having a motor and an airscrew;
a battery unit arranged within the housing;
a processor arranged within the housing;
a sonar unit having a wire connected thereto; and
a positioning unit detachably mounted within a mounting groove recessed from the bottom part,
wherein the positioning unit is connected to the wire and configured to retract or release the wire,
wherein the positioning unit comprises a rotator to engage the wire and a power component to actuate the rotator,
wherein the positioning unit further comprises a supporting component to support the wire, and a first sensor to sense the force between the wire and the supporting component,
wherein the first sensor comprises a first microswitch in contact with the supporting component,
wherein the supporting component is hinged within the positioning unit,
and wherein the processor is configured to instruct the power component to stop or decelerate in response to the first sensor sending a signal to the processor indicating the sensed force is less than a first predetermined threshold, in response to the first microswitch sending a signal to the processor indicating a displacement of the supporting component caused by a change in the force between the wire and the supporting component, and in response to the first microswitch switching off due to a rotation of the supporting component caused by a change in the force between the wire and the supporting component.

US Pat. No. 10,427,785

POWER HARVESTING DRONE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A power harvesting drone, comprising:a motor assembly;
an energy replenishment coupler;
a processor communicatively coupled to the energy replenishment coupler; and
memory storing instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
operate the power harvesting drone to navigate a predetermined path;
determine that a power supply used to operate the power harvesting drone is below a threshold of remaining power;
identify an opportunistic energy source; and
deviate from the predetermined path to replenish at least a portion of the power supply from the opportunistic energy source using the energy replenishment coupler onboard the power harvesting drone,
wherein to identify the opportunistic energy source, the processor is to:
communicate with a different drone; and
receive from the different drone a set of opportunistic energy sources ranked by a cost to replenish the power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,427,782

MULTICOPTER WITH WIDE SPAN ROTOR CONFIGURATION AND PROTECTIVE FUSELAGE

Kitty Hawk Corporation, ...

1. A method, comprising:performing a vertical takeoff using an aircraft; and
flying at a constant altitude using the aircraft, wherein the aircraft includes:
a fuselage;
a left arm, wherein a proximal end of the left arm is attached to the fuselage;
a right arm, wherein a proximal end of the right arm is attached to the fuselage;
a left float, wherein the left float is attached to the left arm between the proximal end of the left arm and the distal end of the left arm;
a right float, wherein the right float is attached to the right arm between the proximal end of the right arm and the distal end of the right arm; and
a plurality of rotors, wherein:
the plurality of rotors includes a left inner rotor that is attached at a fixed angle to a top surface of the left float;
the plurality of rotors includes a right inner rotor that is attached at a fixed angle to a top surface of the right float;
the plurality of rotors includes a left outer rotor that is attached at a fixed angle to a top surface of the distal end of the left arm; and
the plurality of rotors includes a right outer rotor that is attached at a fixed angle to a top surface of the distal end of the right arm.

US Pat. No. 10,427,778

HEAT SHIELD ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A heat shield assembly comprising:a frame comprising a plurality of frame members joined together, wherein said plurality of frame members includes a plurality of longitudinally extending frame members, each extending along a primary longitudinal axis of the heat shield assembly, and a plurality of transverse frame members, each perpendicular to the primary longitudinal axis and spaced away from each other, wherein the plurality of transverse frame members are joined to the plurality of longitudinally extending frame members;
a skin panel directly connected to the frame; and
a stiffener directly connected to the skin panel, said stiffener comprising a base portion and a bead portion protruding from said base portion, wherein said base portion is directly connected to said skin panel to define a bead volume between said bead portion and said skin panel, wherein said bead portion is positioned between two adjacent ones of said plurality of transverse frame members.

US Pat. No. 10,427,776

SLIDING JOINT KITS, SYSTEMS CONTAINING THE SAME, AND RELATED METHODS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A sliding joint kit for joining a first panel to a second panel, the sliding joint kit comprising:a washer having a central hole and a lower flange surface configured to slide with respect to the first panel, the washer being configured such that the lower flange surface faces a first outer surface of the first panel; and
a fastener extending through the central hole of the washer, the fastener having a first head portion configured to engage the second panel;
wherein the sliding joint kit is configured to be assembled to join the first panel to the second panel, wherein when the first panel is joined to the second panel via the assembled sliding joint kit, the fastener and the washer are configured to be fixed with respect to the second panel, wherein when the fastener and the washer are fixed with respect to the second panel, the washer and the second panel are in sliding contact with the first panel such that the washer and the second panel are configured to move together with respect to the first panel in response to thermal expansion of the second panel relative to the first panel, wherein when the sliding joint kit is assembled to join the first panel and the second panel, the sliding joint kit maintains contact between a first portion of the first panel and a first portion of the second panel while permitting sliding movement of the first portion of the second panel and the washer with respect to the first portion of the first panel, and wherein the sliding joint kit is configured to accommodate different coefficients of thermal expansion between the second panel and the first panel.

US Pat. No. 10,427,773

STRUCTURAL ASSEMBLY FOR AN AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE WITH DOUBLE CURVATURE INCLUDING FRAMES WITH AN OPTIMIZED ORIENTATION

Airbus Operations (S.A.S....

1. A structural assembly for forming a part of an aircraft fuselage, comprising:a fuselage skin having a double curvature; and
circumferential frames that comprise a web and a flange substantially orthogonal to the web and to which the fuselage skin is fixed,
wherein the circumferential frames comprise at least one first circumferential frame having a lower extremity and an upper extremity and conformed so that a first virtual straight line half-segment, which passes through the web and originates from a middle of a first virtual straight line segment connecting the lower extremity to the upper extremity, extending orthogonally to the first virtual straight line segment, intersects the fuselage skin at a point at which the first virtual straight line half-segment is substantially normal to the fuselage skin.

US Pat. No. 10,427,771

VESSEL PROPULSION APPARATUS

YAMAHA HATSUDOKI KABUSHIK...

1. A vessel propulsion apparatus comprising:an engine;
an electric motor;
a propeller shaft that rotates together with the propeller about a rotation axis extending in a front-rear direction of the vessel propulsion apparatus;
a first transmission that defines a first transmission path extending from the engine to the propeller shaft to transmit power of the engine to the propeller shaft along the first transmission path; and
a second transmission that defines a second transmission path, different from the first transmission path, extending from the electric motor to the propeller shaft to transmit power of the electric motor to the propeller shaft along the second transmission path; wherein
the first transmission includes a first clutch that switches between a disconnecting state in which the first transmission path is disconnected and a connecting state in which the first transmission path is connected; and
the second transmission includes a second clutch that switches between a disconnecting state in which the second transmission path is disconnected and a connecting state in which the second transmission path is connected.

US Pat. No. 10,427,769

SYSTEM OF BRACKETS AND RAILS FOR ATTACHING WHEELS, TOWING, AND ACCESSORY DEVICES TO SMALL PONTOON WATERCRAFT

1. A system of brackets and rails for attaching devices to a small pontoon watercraft having an interconnecting boat frame structure with multiple transverse and longitudinally oriented frame members spanning spaced apart pontoons, the system comprising in combination:at least one pair of cross brackets and means for coupling at least one each to a boat frame main tube on opposite sides of said pontoon watercraft, wherein a hollow internal opening of said cross brackets are oriented in a horizontal plane orthogonally aligned to said boat frame main tube,
at least one outrigger rail, having a first and second end, spanning through said cross brackets with means for coupling thereto, whereby said outrigger rail provides a non-twisting connection member for mounting a variety of other devices to said pontoon watercraft,
at least two T-brackets or swing brackets and means for coupling one each to a said first and said second end of said outrigger rail in a selected orientation,
at least two boat wheel assemblies and means for coupling to said T-brackets or said swing brackets, whereby said pontoon watercraft is able to be wheeled over land.

US Pat. No. 10,427,767

LOCKING SYSTEM FOR ASSISTING AND SUPPORTING AN ACTUATOR OF A TRIM-TAB OF A WATERCRAFT IN THE DESIRED MODE

1. A system for locking, in and out of place, devices used for attitude control and stabilization of a watercraft, comprising:(a) a locking rod positioned within a first slotted rod sleeve, wherein said locking rod can slidably move through said slotted rod sleeve and into a locking dock;
(b) a rotating rod, sleeved within a second slotted rod sleeve, said rotating rod further including a top driving rod fixed at one distal end of said rotating rod, said rotating rod further including a bottom driving rod fixed at the opposite distal end of said rotating rod, said rotating rod further including a center perpendicular driving rod fixed at a substantially front-center side of said rotating rod, said rotating rod rotatable within said second slotted rod sleeve;
(c) a sliding block, sliding block moveable in an upward and downward direction, said sliding block having a first contact block fixed to said sliding block at a proximal end at a substantial center of a side inner surface of said sliding block, said housing having a second contact block fixed to said sliding block at proximal end at a substantial center of a side inner surface of said sliding block, said locking dock contained within said sliding block;
(d) a lock mount, said first slotted rod sleeve and said second slotted rod sleeve fixed to said lock mount;
(e) a thrusting rod connected at a rear side of said locking rod, said thrusting rod having stability rods spaced at substantially the width of said center perpendicular driving rod; and
(f) a lock housing.

US Pat. No. 10,427,764

WATERSPORTS BOARD

1. A watersports board, comprising:a main body made of foam material;
a deck fixed on the top surface of the main body and configured to be harder than the main body;
at least one framework located in the main body and configured to be harder than the main body;
wherein the main body comprises a first portion and a second portion, which are connected in a detachable manner, the first portion and the second portion are provided with at least one slot respectively, and the framework is mounted in the slot of the first portion and the slot of the second portion; and
the deck comprises a first deck and a second deck, which are connected in a detachable manner;
wherein the main body is fixed and connected to the deck by fixing members in a detachable manner;
wherein positioning grooves are arranged on a top surface of the main body, and positioning bulges are arranged on a bottom surface of the deck, which are buckled with the positioning grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,427,762

BOAT SEAT

1. A boat seat configured to be mounted proximate a bow of a boat comprising:a frame, said frame having a bottom portion, said bottom portion being planar in manner, said bottom portion having a left side and a right side, said bottom portion having a front edge, said bottom portion having a left lateral edge and a right lateral edge, said bottom portion having a rear edge;
a first arm member, said first arm member being contiguously formed with said bottom portion, said first arm member having a lower section and an upper section, said first arm member being formed on the left side of the bottom portion extending away from said rear edge, said first arm member having a first end and a second end and wherein said lower section of the first arm member is arcuate in shape;
a second arm member, said second arm member being contiguously formed with said bottom portion opposite said first arm member, said second arm member having a lower section and an upper section, said second arm member having a first end and a second end and wherein the lower section of said second arm member is arcuate in shape;
a void, said void being intermediate said first arm member and said second arm member;
an upper portion, said upper portion being contiguously formed with said first arm member and said second arm member distal to said bottom portion, said upper portion being perpendicular in orientation to said bottom portion and wherein the upper portion has a width that is greater than a width of the bottom portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,761

RETRACTABLE MARINE BOARDING LADDER

Premier Marine, Inc., Wy...

1. A marine boarding ladder for a boat, the ladder comprising:a fixed section configured for being attached to the boat comprising at least one mounting bracket for being attached to the boat;
a rotating section rotatable relative to the fixed section between a stowed position and a deployed position, the rotating section comprising:
a first handrail rotatingly affixed to the fixed section;
a second handrail rotatingly affixed to the fixed section; and
one or more step elements disposed between the first and second handrails; and
at least one gas spring operably connected between the fixed section and the rotating section, the at least one gas spring comprising a first gas spring, each of the at least one gas spring comprising:
a gas-filled cylinder; and
a rod extendible into and out of the gas-filled cylinder;
wherein the fixed section further comprises:
a third handrail comprising:
a first fixed proximal section affixed to the at least one mounting bracket;
a first fixed curvilinear section connected to the first fixed proximal section; and
a first fixed extension section connected to the first fixed curvilinear section;
a first bracket fixedly attached to the first fixed extension section; and
a fourth handrail comprising:
a second fixed proximal section affixed to the at least one mounting bracket;
a second fixed curvilinear section connected to the second fixed proximal section;
and
a second fixed extension section connected to the second fixed curvilinear section,
wherein the rotating section comprises a first pivot point bracket located at a proximal end of the first handrail and the first gas spring is operably connected between the first bracket and the first pivot point bracket, and
wherein the fixed section, the rotating section, and the at least one gas spring are configured such that:
gas within the gas-filled cylinder is configured to apply a first force to the rod to push the rod outwardly from the gas-filled cylinder to maintain the rotating section in the deployed position when the rotating section is in the deployed position and at least a portion of the rotating section is submerged in a body of water;
a force applied by the water against the portion of the rotating section as a result of the ladder moving relative to the body of water causes the rotating section to apply a second force that is greater than and opposed to the first force upon the rod to push the rod into the gas-filled cylinder to rotate the rotating section from the deployed position toward the stowed position;
the second force applied by the rotating section is reduced as a result of the force applied by the water against the portion of the rotating section, reducing said second force as the rotating section rotates from the deployed position toward the stowed position, wherein the second force is reduced until the second force is less than the first force and the gas within the gas-filled cylinder pushing the rod outwardly from the gas-filled cylinder to rotate the rotating section into the stowed position; and
the at least one gas spring defines a longitudinal axis that is angled toward the body of water such that the gas opposes movement of the rotating section from the stowed position into the deployed position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,760

AUTOMATIC MOORING DEVICE FOR VESSELS

STAEL S.R.L., Villasanta...

1. An automatic mooring device for vessels, comprising a coupling element, associable with a mooring point or with a vessel, and a capture element, associable with a vessel or with a mooring point and detachably engageable with said coupling element, wherein said coupling element comprises:an autonomous floating body;
a supporting element fixed to said floating body;
a hook element associated with said supporting element and movable with respect to said supporting element from a coupling position, in which it is adapted to couple and retain in a bend of the hook element said capture element due to a relative motion between said hook element and said capture element along a direction that is substantially parallel to a direction of motion of the vessel, to a release position, in which it is adapted to release said capture element coupled previously and vice versa;
a safety lever, which can engage said hook element so as to close the bend for the retention of said capture element once it has been coupled;
means for retaining said hook element in said coupling position which can be deactivated on command in order to allow a transition of said hook element from said coupling position to said release position which can be deactivated on command.

US Pat. No. 10,427,759

COLLAPSIBLE FAIRING

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A marine survey system, comprising:a float;
a winch coupled to the float;
a line coupled to the winch, wherein the winch is configured to extend and retract the line; and
a collapsible fairing surrounding the line, wherein extension and retraction of the line causes the collapsible fairing to extend and collapse in a direction perpendicular to a direction of travel of the collapsible fairing.

US Pat. No. 10,427,753

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SECURING FOOT TO PEDAL WITH STRAP SECURED TO AXLE

1. A diagonal pedal strap assembly comprising:a front flange shaped to fit across a forward face of a pedal;
a fastener passing through a hole in the front flange functioning to secure the front flange to the forward face of the pedal;
a forward projecting base attached to a top of the front flange;
said forward projecting base having an outbound mount for the diagonal pedal strap;
said diagonal strap sized to accommodate a user's shoe thereunder; and
said diagonal strap having an inbound end that encircles a pedal axle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,747

BICYCLE FRAME STRUCTURE HAVING A DROP-OUT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A bicycle frame structure having a drop-out, the bicycle frame structure comprising:a fixing bracket having a rail groove formed in a frontward and rearward direction and fixed to one side of the frame;
a movement member mounted to the fixing bracket to be movable forward and backward along the rail groove;
a drop plate fixed to the movement member and having a drop-out formed therein for fixing a wheel; and
an adjustment bolt screw-engaged by penetrating one side of the movement member, wherein a front end of adjustment bolt is supported by a fixing support formed in the fixing bracket, and wherein the movement member is moved along the rail groove according to rotation of the adjustment bolt,
wherein a protrusion is integrally formed in the fixing bracket, the protrusion fixed to the frame by being inserted into one side of the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,427,742

INTEGRATED BICYCLE FRAME BAG

Bell Sports, Inc., Scott...

1. A bicycle frame bag comprising:a bag body including a bag top, a bag bottom, a first bag side and a second bag side opposite the first bag side, the first bag side connecting with the bag top and the bag bottom at first edges, the second bag side connecting with the bag top and the bag bottom at second edges opposite the first edges;
a first frame including at least a first arm and a second arm operatively coupled to each other to resiliently maintain a first angle between the first and second arms that is less than 10 degrees different from an angle between two adjacent tubes of a bicycle frame, the first frame positioned adjacent to the first edges of the first bag side of the bag body;
a second frame including at least a third arm and a fourth arm operatively coupled to each other to resiliently maintain a second angle between the third and fourth arms that is less than 10 degrees different from the angle between the two adjacent tubes of the bicycle frame, the second frame positioned adjacent to the second edges of the second bag side of the bag body;
at least a first stitch line disposed across at least a portion of the bag top between the first and second frames, a dimension of the portion of the bag top along the at least a first stitch line narrowing to less than a dimension of the bag top adjacent to the first and second edges; and
at least a second stitch line disposed across at least a portion of the bag bottom between the first and second frames, a dimension of the portion of the bag bottom along the at least a second stitch line narrowing to less than a dimension of the bag bottom adjacent to the first and second edges.

US Pat. No. 10,427,736

WEAR RESISTANT STUDS FOR TRACKED VEHICLES

3. A wear resistant stud for a vehicle comprising:an elongate threaded stud member having a top surface;
a body of tungsten carbide on said top surface; and
a weld pool surrounding said body of tungsten carbide and said top surface of said stud member,
wherein said weld pool is slowly cooled from a hot applied state so as to assist with adhesion of the weld pool to the body of tungsten carbide by the application of head from frictional contact with a rotary wire brush.

US Pat. No. 10,427,734

OMNIDIRECTIONAL TRACTION MODULE FOR A ROBOT

General Electric Company,...

1. A traction module for a robot, the traction module comprising:an outer frame;
a rotating frame rotatably mounted within the outer frame;
at least one drive system mounted within the rotating frame, the at least one drive system having a fixed orientation within the rotating frame, wherein the at least one drive system includes a set of positionable rollers movable between a flat mode and a clearance mode, wherein each of the set of positionable rollers has a respective axis of rotation and the flat mode aligns each axis of rotation of the set of positionable rollers in a plane and the clearance mode aligns each axis of rotation of the set of positionable rollers in at least two distinct planes; and
an actuator operatively connected to the rotating frame to controllably rotate the rotating frame to a desired orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,427,733

CRAWLER DEVICE AND TRAVELING APPARATUS

Topy Kogyo Kabushiki Kais...

1. A crawler device comprising:a crawler unit including a first support extending along a first rotational axis and a pair of crawler structures extending in a direction of the first rotational axis and disposed on the first support, the crawler structures opposed to each other with the first rotational axis extending therebetween; and
at least one second support supporting the crawler unit such that the crawler unit is rotatable about the first rotational axis,
wherein the crawler unit further comprises a pair of ground contacting structures disposed on the first support;
the pair of ground contacting structures are disposed outside of the pair of crawler structures in a direction in which the pair of crawler structures are opposed to each other;
the pair of crawler structures and the pair of ground contacting structures cooperate to provide the crawler unit with a circular cylindrical configuration about the first rotational axis; and
an outer periphery of the crawler unit has first zones occupied by the pair of crawler structures and second zones occupied by the pair of ground contacting structures, the first zones and the second zones alternately arranged in a circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,725

UNITARY FLOOR

NEXGEN COMPOSITES LLC, K...

1. A unitary floor system comprising:a top layer;
a bottom layer; and
an intermediate layer having a longitudinal central floor axis along a major length of the intermediate layer, thereby defining a first side and a second side, the intermediate layer comprising:
floor components that define at least one edge line, wherein the floor components are tiled together and sandwiched between the top layer and the bottom layer to provide an integral structure that comprises a continuous surface, unitary floor; and
a frame that surrounds the floor components;
wherein:
each of the floor components comprises a composite assembly of material strips that includes a first set of material strips and a second set of material strips,
the first set of material strips has a different density compared to the second set of material strips; and
edge lines of the floor components span between the longitudinal central floor axis and the frame, wherein the floor components do not cross the longitudinal central floor axis from the first side to the second side.

US Pat. No. 10,427,721

MOUNTING ELEMENT AND MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT IN A VEHICLE

1. A connection element to connect a heavy duty component to a hollow profile in a motor vehicle, the connection element comprising:a profile extension having a substantially rectangular cross-section with a top face and a bottom face, and a bore to permit a connection to the heavy duty component, the profile extension being configured for insertion into the hollow profile such that the top face and the bottom face are oriented parallel to and for support by a top face and a bottom face of the hollow profile; and
a flange face having a cross-section configured to protrude beyond the cross-section of the profile extension to lie against an outer side face of the hollow profile.

US Pat. No. 10,427,719

INTERIOR PANELS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND METHODS FOR MAKING THE SAME

FAURECIA INTERIOR SYSTEMS...

1. An interior panel for a motor vehicle, the interior panel comprising:a substrate;
a skin covering at least partially overlying the substrate;
a foam disposed between the skin covering and the substrate; and
a gas-receiving hollow structure at least partially disposed in the foam, wherein the gas-receiving hollow structure has an opening configured for receiving gas and comprises a wall that at least partially surrounds a chamber that is in fluid communication with the opening, wherein the opening is disposed in and completely covered by the foam.

US Pat. No. 10,427,708

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING MOTOR DRIVEN POWER STEERING SYSTEM

Hyundai Mobis Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method for controlling a motor driven power steering (MDPS) system, comprising:detecting, by a controller, a current position of a rack bar;
comparing, by the controller, the current position of the rack bar with a preset maximum position of the rack bar to generate a comparison result;
updating, by the controller, a maximum position of the rack bar according to the comparison result; and
setting, by the controller, a rack end stop control section using the updated maximum position of the rack bar.

US Pat. No. 10,427,700

RAILROAD TRACK CIRCUIT FOR DETERMINING THE OCCUPANCY STATUS OF A PORTION OF A RAILROAD

ALSTOM TRANSPORT TECHNOLO...

1. A railroad track circuit configured to determine an occupancy status of a portion of a railroad track, said track circuit comprising:a railroad track comprising first and second rails;
a transmitter unit comprising first and second connection terminals and being configured to generate a voltage signal between the first and second connection terminals; and
a first receiver unit and a second receiver unit, each of the first and second receiver units comprising a first measurement terminal and a second measurement terminal, the first and second receiver units each being configured to measure a voltage signal between the respective first and second measurement terminals,
wherein the first and second output connection terminals of the transmitter unit are connected to the first and second rails at a first connection location, respectively using a first cable and a second cable,
the first measurement terminal of the first receiver unit is connected to the first rail at a second connection location, using a third cable, and the first measurement terminal of the second receiver unit is connected to the first rail at a third location, using a fourth cable, the second and third locations forming respectively first and second boundaries of the track circuit, and
the second measurement terminals of the first and second receiver units are both connected to the second terminal of the transmitter unit by wayside cables.

US Pat. No. 10,427,697

RAIL PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT ASSEMBLY AND SYSTEM FOR RAIL VEHICLES

NORDCO INC., Oak Creek, ...

1. A rail vehicle including a rail pressure control system, the rail vehicle comprising:a wheel assembly including wheels configured to traverse rails of a railroad track;
a controller having a processor in communication with said wheel assembly; and
a non-transitory computer readable medium, disposed on the rail vehicle, and containing instructions, which when executed by the processor, cause performance of the following steps in real-time as the rail vehicle traverses the rails:
determine a rail pressure of said wheels on said rails;
determine a degree of curvature of said rails as the rail vehicle moves along said railroad track;
determine a minimum rail pressure of said wheels on said rails based on said degree of curvature;
determine if the rail pressure is equal to or greater than said minimum rail pressure; and
adjust the rail pressure of said wheels on said rails to be said minimum rail pressure when said rail pressure is less than said minimum rail pressure to maintain stability of the rail vehicle on said railroad track.

US Pat. No. 10,427,695

DEVICE FOR REPLACING ROLLER SETS

Innova Patent GmbH, Wolf...

1. A device for replacing roller sets disposed on pylons of cable cars, the device comprising:a replacing vehicle being moved along a cable of the cable car, said replacing vehicle having at least two winches with cables, by means of said replacing vehicle a roller set to be replaced can be lowered and a new roller set raised, said replacing vehicle further having grips and at least two interconnected vehicles which are connected to the cable by way of said grips; and
connection rods, said interconnected vehicles are connected to each other at said grips by means of said connection rods.

US Pat. No. 10,427,693

VEHICLE-SURROUNDING MONITORING DEVICE AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicle-surrounding monitoring device comprising:a line-of-sight direction determination section that determines a direction of a line of sight of a driver;
an obstacle determination section that determines whether an obstacle is disposed in a predetermined direction around a vehicle; and
a notification control section that notifies notification information indicating a determination result of the obstacle determination section in an other direction around the vehicle with a notification unit when it is determined that the direction of the line of sight of the driver is one direction around the vehicle, wherein:
the notification unit includes a voice output unit that outputs voice information as the notification information; and
when it is determined that the direction of the line of sight of the driver is the one direction around the vehicle, the notification control section controls the voice output unit on an other direction side around the vehicle to output the voice information indicating the determination result of the obstacle determination section in the other direction around the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,691

METHOD FOR DETECTING THE DIRECTION OF TRAVEL OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

JTEKT EUROPE, Irigny (FR...

1. A method for determining the longitudinal direction of travel of a vehicle, said method comprising:a step (a) of collecting a first signal (Signal1) from a torque sensor, representing a first driving parameter, wherein the sign of the variations of said first signal does not depend on the longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle, and the first parameter is a torque exerted by a driver of the vehicle on a steering wheel of the vehicle,
a step (b) of collecting a second signal (Signal2) from a stability control system sensor, representing a second driving parameter distinct from the first driving parameter, and wherein the sign of the variations of said second signal changes depending on the longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle, wherein the second parameter is a yaw rate (??) of the vehicle, then
a step (c) of comparing signs, said step (c) comprising:
a static comparison (c1) between the signs of respective instantaneous values of the first and second signal (Signal1), (Signal2), wherein the sign of the instantaneous value of the first signal (Signal1) is compared with the sign of the instantaneous value of the second signal (Signal2) in order to determine therefrom the longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle, depending on whether said signs are identical or on the contrary different from each other, and
a dynamic comparison (c2) wherein the sign of the variation of the first signal (Signal1) over a predefined time period is compared with the sign of the variation of the second signal (Signal2) over the predefined time period in order to determine therefrom the longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle, depending on whether said signs are identical or on the contrary different from each other,
a step of determining a confirmed longitudinal direction of travel based on the longitudinal direction of travel determined by the static comparison (c1) and the longitudinal direction of travel determined by the dynamic comparison (c2), and
a step of using, by an onboard computer in the vehicle, the determined confirmed longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle to inhibit determination of an absolute angular position of a steering wheel of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,686

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM, VEHICLE CONTROL METHOD, AND VEHICLE CONTROL PROGRAM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle control system comprising:an automated driving controller configured to
automatically control at least one out of acceleration, deceleration, and steering of a vehicle,
perform automated driving control in one mode of a plurality of predetermined different modes which require different levels of automated driving, which comprise a first mode and a second mode, the first mode requiring a lower degree of a responsibility for a driver to monitor surroundings of the vehicle and allowing a higher permission level of a non-driving operation as compared with the second mode, and
transition the first mode to the second mode among the plurality of predetermined different modes in accordance with a travel environment of the vehicle; and
an informing section configured to predict a timing at which the mode of the automated driving will transition from the first mode to the second mode and to inform a driver in the vehicle of a predicted period of continuation time of the second mode when the second mode is started, based on the predicted timing of transitioning from the first mode to the second mode,
wherein the informing section comprises a predicted period of continuation time calculation section that calculates the predicted period of continuation time based on a current position of the vehicle and traffic information related to a route to a destination the vehicle is travelling to,
wherein the informing section informs the driver of the predicted period of continuation time calculated by the predicted continuation time calculation section, and
wherein the predicted continuation time calculation section
calculates a distance on a route of travel by the vehicle based on the current position of the vehicle and a position at which the congestion is predicted to end obtained from the traffic information, and calculates a first period of time based on the calculated distance and the vehicle speed of the vehicle,
calculates a second period of time for the vehicle to reach a predetermined speed by acceleration of the vehicle at a predetermined acceleration from the position at which the congestion is predicted to end, and
calculates the predicted period of continuation time based on the calculated first period of time and the calculated second period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,427,670

SUPPLEMENTAL HYDRAULIC MOTOR FOR CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A machine powertrain that includes a power source connected to a continuously variable transmission, the continuously variable transmission comprising:a transmission input shaft driven by the power source;
a variator including a variator input driven by the transmission input shaft, a variable displacement motor, and a variator output driven by the variable displacement motor;
a planetary gear arrangement having first planetary gear set and a second planetary gear set, the first planetary gear set having a first planetary gear arrangement input connected to a first planet carrier and a first ring gear connected to a second planet carrier of the second planetary gear set, and the second planetary gear set having a second ring gear connected to a second planetary gear arrangement input, wherein the first planetary gear arrangement input is driven by the transmission input shaft and the second planetary gear arrangement input is driven by the variator output;
a planetary output shaft having a first planetary output;
a forward output system having a first forward drive gear operatively coupled to the first planetary output, and a forward output gear operatively connected to a transmission output shaft;
a first clutch connected to the second planet carrier and configured to releasably engage the planetary output shaft to cause the first planetary output to rotate with the second planet carrier;
a second clutch connected to the first planetary output and configured to releasably engage a sun gear shaft of the planetary output shaft connected to a second sun gear of the second planetary gear set to cause the first planetary output to rotate with the second sun gear; and
a forward clutch connected to the first forward drive gear and configured to releasably engage the forward output gear to cause the forward output gear to rotate with the first forward drive gear,
wherein the first clutch and the forward clutch are engaged to provide a first forward-motion gear ratio between the transmission input shaft and the transmission output shaft, and the second clutch and the forward clutch are engaged to provide a second forward-motion gear ratio between the transmission input shaft and the transmission output shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,427,659

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A BRAKING SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, BRAKING SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a braking system of a motor vehicle, the braking system including at least one hydraulically actuable wheel brake, a brake actuation device for hydraulically actuating the wheel brake, an electric brake booster for setting a predefinable hydraulic braking boost, and at least one parking brake assembly, the method comprising:monitoring the motor vehicle to detect standstill;
monitoring the parking brake assembly to detect an activation thereof; and
reducing a braking boost set by the brake booster if the standstill of the motor vehicle has been detected and the activation of the parking brake assembly has been detected,
wherein the activation of the parking brake assembly is determined in dependence on an operating state of an electric actuator of the parking brake assembly, the actuator configured to generate a locking brake force of the parking brake assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,427,658

BRAKE HYDRAULIC PRESSURE CONTROL DEVICE AND ANTI-LOCK BRAKE SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A brake hydraulic pressure control device for controlling a fluid pressure of a brake fluid supplied to a wheel cylinder mounted on a brake caliper of a motorcycle, the brake hydraulic pressure control device comprising:a base body in which a flow passage is formed; and
a valve which opens or closes the flow passage, wherein
the base body is fixed below a spring in a connecting portion which connects a trunk portion of the motorcycle and a wheel to each other, wherein the base body and valve are positioned inside a wheel rim of the wheel, wherein the wheel rim has an axis of rotation, a lateral extent in the direction of the axis of rotation, and a radial extent, and the base body and valve are within the both the lateral extent and the radial extent.

US Pat. No. 10,427,657

SOLENOID VALVE DEVICE HAVING A LIFTING ROD FOR ACTUATING A VALVE BODY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A valve device having at least one throughflow region (12), having at least one valve seat (14) and having an actuating unit (16) which has at least one valve body (18), at least an actuating element (20) for transmitting an actuation force to the valve body (18), and at least one first ventilation opening (24) arranged outside a fluid contact region (22) of the actuating element (20), wherein the fluid contact region of the actuating element is a section of the actuating element in contact with fluid flowing through the throughflow region, characterized in that the actuating unit (16) has at least one second ventilation opening (26, 28) arranged outside the fluid contact region (22) of the actuating element (20), wherein the valve body (18) has the second ventilation opening (26), wherein the actuating element (20) is at least substantially of tubular form.

US Pat. No. 10,427,656

BRAKING SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A computer comprising a processor and a memory storing instructions executable by the processor to:upon detecting that a brake of a vehicle is applied, determine a target brake torque that is below a preset holding brake torque and at least as great as a minimum brake torque, wherein the minimum brake torque is a lowest value of the brake torque that will hold the vehicle at standstill;
upon detecting that the brake is applied, determine at least one of a threshold of a speed of the vehicle or a modified stopping distance of the vehicle, wherein determining either the target brake torque or the at least one of the threshold or the modified stopping distance is based on a current clear distance of the vehicle in a direction of travel of the vehicle, wherein the clear distance is a minimum of at least one of a following distance, a see-ahead distance, and a distance to a nearest obstacle; and
then, upon detecting that the speed of the vehicle is below the threshold, monotonically reduce a brake torque of the brake so that the brake torque reaches the target brake torque when the speed reaches substantially zero at the modified stopping distance.

US Pat. No. 10,427,655

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING SURPRISING EVENTS IN VEHICLES

Harman International Indu...

18. A method for detecting surprising events in a vehicle having a driver assistance system that controls lateral and/or longitudinal movement of the vehicle, the method comprising:receiving signal data from one or more onboard vehicle sensors and one or more object identification sensors;
receiving video data from one or more video cameras;
storing the signal data and the video data in an event data buffer;
identifying a surprising event from the received signal data based on surprise event rules stored at a storage device;
deriving an event data file for the surprising event based on the surprise event rules;
uploading the event data file to a server;
receiving an update patch from the server, comprising updated surprise event rules; and
applying the update patch to change a weight that is assigned to data received from a selected sensor responsive to an indication of a change in reliability of the selected sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,427,651

UNDERCARRIAGE SPRAYER

1. An undercarriage sprayer comprising:a plurality of nozzle blocks aligned side-by-side, each of the nozzle blocks including a lateral channel therethrough and an upward-facing nozzle cap, each of the nozzle blocks including a discrete opening for each of the nozzle caps, respectively, wherein each of the nozzle blocks includes a central section through which the lateral channel is formed and in which the nozzle cap and the discrete opening is disposed, and wherein in use as an undercarriage sprayer, each of the nozzle caps is flush with or below a top surface of the central section; and
a conduit extending between each of the lateral channels in fluid communication with each of the nozzle caps,
wherein the nozzle blocks are spaced from one another such that the undercarriage sprayer can be folded or rolled on itself.