US Pat. No. 10,139,793

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TERMINAL DEVICE THAT REMOTELY OPERATES AIR CONDITIONER

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A method for controlling a terminal device that controls an air conditioner via a network, the terminal device including a computer, a memory, and a display, comprising causing the computer to:acquire information, stored in the memory, on correspondence among a plurality of time zones, and target upper limit temperatures and target lower limit temperatures of the air conditioner that correspond to the respective plurality of time zones, the target upper limit temperatures being upper limit values of recommended preset temperatures of the air conditioner, and the target lower limit temperatures being lower limit values of the recommended preset temperatures of the air conditioner; and
display, on the display, a setting screen that allows a user to set, for each time zone of the plurality of time zones, a preset temperature of the air conditioner within a recommended temperature range between a target upper limit temperature and a target lower limit temperature corresponding to a respective time zone,
wherein the setting screen includes a graph region in which a graph whose first axis corresponds to the plurality of time zones and whose second axis orthogonal to the first axis corresponds to the preset temperatures of the air conditioner is displayed,
wherein the graph region includes, in each time zone of the plurality of time zones, a first temperature region displayed in a first display form, a second temperature region displayed in a second display form, and a symbol indicative of a corresponding preset temperature being displayed in the first temperature region,
wherein the first temperature region indicates the recommended temperature range for a respective time zone that is not less than the target lower limit temperature and not more than the target upper limit temperature for the respective time zone, and the second temperature region being a temperature region other than the first temperature region, and
wherein, when a preset temperature in a target time zone for is adjusted to be outside of a recommended temperature range for the target time zone, preset temperatures for one or more time zones adjacent to the target time zone are adjusted correspondingly such that recommend temperature ranges for the target time zone and the one or more adjacent time zones become modified to keep the adjusted preset temperature for the target time zone and the one or more adjacent time zones within the modified recommended temperature ranges.

US Pat. No. 10,139,792

BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH HEURISTICS FOR CONFIGURING BUILDING SPACES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building management system comprising:building equipment located within a building space;
at least one of a building management system (BMS) controller or a client device comprising one or more processing circuits having one or more processors and memory, the one or more processing circuits comprising:
a space controller configured to receive input from the building equipment and provide a control signal to the building equipment;
a floorplan geolocator configured to receive a map providing geolocation data and overlay a building floorplan onto the map;
a space geolocator configured to receive a first input defining a location of the building space relative to the floorplan and determine a geolocation of the building space using the geolocation data;
an equipment geolocator configured to receive a second input defining a location of the building equipment relative to the floorplan and determine a geolocation of the building equipment using the geolocation data; and
a parent space detector configured to use geometric heuristics and the geolocations of the building space and the building equipment to identify a spatial relationship between the building space and the building equipment;
wherein the space controller is configured to use the spatial relationship between the building space and the building equipment to generate the control signal provided to the building equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,139,791

MOTORIZED WINDOW TREATMENT MONITORING AND CONTROL

Lutron Electronics Co., I...

1. A method for controlling a motorized window treatment in a space, the motorized window treatment comprising a covering material and configured to adjust a position of the covering material in response to received messages, the method comprising:storing in memory, by at least one control circuit, daylight intensities determined from measurements made by at least one sensor over a period of time;
storing in the memory, by the at least one control circuit, motorized window treatment control information reflecting control of the motorized window treatment over the period of time,
wherein the motorized window treatment control information comprises a plurality of control states over the period of time, and a plurality of positions to which the covering material was adjusted over the period of time, wherein each position of the plurality of positions is associated with at least one of the plurality of control states and is further associated with at least one of the daylight intensities;
receiving, by the at least one control circuit from a computing device via a communications network, a request for the motorized window treatment control information and the daylight intensities, wherein the request comprises the period of time associated with the motorized window treatment control information and the daylight intensities;
accessing from the memory, by the at least one control circuit, the motorized window treatment control information and the daylight intensities associated with the period of time;
accessing, by the at least one control circuit, motorized window treatment control parameters for the period of time, wherein the motorized window treatment was controlled according to the motorized window treatment control parameters over the period of time;
displaying, by the at least one control circuit via a graphical user interface on the computing device, the accessed motorized window treatment control information, the accessed daylight intensities, and at least one of the motorized window treatment control parameters;
receiving, by the at least one control circuit from the computing device, an adjustment to at least one motorized window treatment control parameter;
based at least in part on the adjustment to the at least one motorized window treatment control parameter, determining, by the at least one control circuit, a position of the covering material for the motorized window treatment; and
communicating, by the at least one control circuit to the motorized window treatment via a communications network, a message that includes the determined position, wherein the motorized window treatment adjusts the covering material to the determined position in response to the message.

US Pat. No. 10,139,790

POWERED FACEPLATE INTEGRATION

Vivint, Inc., Provo, UT ...

1. A method for operating a security and/or automation system using one or more powered faceplates mounted on a surface, comprising:identifying, by a processor, an active communication connection with a first powered faceplate from one or more powered faceplates;
receiving, by the processor, a first set of automation data captured from the first powered faceplate;
receiving, by the processor, a second set of automation data from at least one of an automation sensor, or an automation system component, or a user device;
determining, by the processor, a sequence of capturing the first set of automation data and the second set of automation data;
determining a movement of an object or entity from a first location to a second location based at least in part on the sequence of capturing the first and second sets of automation data;
analyzing, by the processor, the first set of automation data and the second set of automation data; and
initiating, by the processor, an operation relating to the security and/or automation system based at least in part on the analyzing and determining the sequence and movement, wherein initiating the operation further comprises:
generating a notification based at least in part on the analyzing and determining the sequence and movement;
sending the notification to a user, wherein the notification is sent in real time, at a designated time, or based at least in part on the determined sequence and movement.

US Pat. No. 10,139,789

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACCESS DECISION EVALUATION FOR BUILDING AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. Method for access decision evaluation in a building automation and control system, the method comprising:sending, from an accessing device to an accessed device, an access request,
sending, from the accessed device to a central decision evaluation apparatus, an evaluation request asking if the access request is granted or denied,
evaluating, at the central decision evaluation apparatus, the evaluation request using one or more central access control policies in order to reach a decision on if the access request is granted or denied,
deriving, at the central decision evaluation apparatus, from one or more central access control policies that was used for evaluation a device specific access policy,
sending, from the central decision evaluation apparatus to the accessed device, the decision and the device specific access policy, wherein the device specific access policy is sent with the decision from the central decision evaluation apparatus to the accessed device without regard as to whether the access request is granted or denied,
storing, at the accessed device, the device specific access policy; and
deciding, at the accessed device, if a subsequent access request is granted or denied based on the device specific access policy.

US Pat. No. 10,139,788

REMOTE DATA ANALYTICS TO PREDICT SYSTEM COMPONENTS OR DEVICE FAILURE

Honeywell International I...

1. An apparatus comprising:a memory; and
one or more processors operably connected to the memory, the one or more processors configured to:
receive data collected from a field device or a process in a process facility system;
compute a pairwise correlation of parameters from the collected data indicating a strength and a direction of an interaction between each pair of parameters;
filter the parameters with the pairwise correlation having the strength and the direction outside of a range;
detect an anomaly based on the filtered parameters for an unsupervised failure of the field device or the process, wherein the unsupervised failure is a failure that is not monitored by alarms with an alarm;
detect a leading indicator based on the filtered parameters for a supervised failure of the field device or the process, wherein the supervised failure is a failure monitored with the alarm; and
monitor current data collected from the process facility system for the anomaly and the leading indicator before a future unsupervised failure or a future supervised failure occurs.

US Pat. No. 10,139,787

INTELLIGENCE IN DISTRIBUTED LIGHTING CONTROL DEVICES

ABL IP Holding LLC, Atla...

1. A method for distributed intelligence in facility lighting control, the method comprising:detecting installation of a component for a lighting device;
sensing, using a sensor, presence of occupants in a lighting control area;
receiving signal information concerning a lighting control area in a facilities system comprising a plurality of control areas, the control area comprising the lighting device, wherein the signal information includes an indication as to when the component failed, as well as information concerning power usage, number of actuations, fault detection, and predictions concerning fault states of the component, wherein fault detection comprises evaluating characteristics of an electric load of the component;
determining instructions for operation of the control area based on at least rule-based actuation logic and the received signal information, wherein the rule-based actuation logic comprises tasks associated with particular light levels;
predicting that the component is close to expiry by evaluating the number of actuations or operating hours of the component accumulated relative to a predetermined level or threshold;
determining, by a dedicated time keeper based on the signal information, a time period between installation of the component and failure of the component;
storing, by the dedicated time keeper, the time period in a database; and
providing alarms or tasks, based on the time period or the prediction that the component is close to expiry.

US Pat. No. 10,139,785

SMART WATCH

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A smart watch comprising a watch dial, wherein the smart watch further comprises:a battery provided in a watch frame of the watch dial to supply electric power to a circuit in the watch dial;
a watchband; and
a stand-by battery provided in the watchband and electrically connected with the watch dial for supplying electric power to the circuit in the watch dial;
wherein the watchband comprises a plurality of block-shaped units and four connection units, two parts of the watchband respectively extend outwards from opposite sides of the circumference of the watch dial and the four connection units are respectively configured as two pairs of connection units at the opposite sides of the watch dial, wherein multiple ones of the plurality of block-shaped units which ware located at a same side of the watch dial are configured between a pair of the connection units located at the same side of the watch dial as the multiple ones, and
the stand-by battery comprises a plurality of stand-by sub-batteries, each stand-by sub-battery being provided in a corresponding one of the plurality of block-shaped units, and adjacent stand-by sub-batteries being electrically connected to each other by the wire configured in the connection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,784

WATCH COMPRISING A CALENDAR DISPLAY MECHANISM

1. An electronic watch including a display device comprising a time dial, a first hand and a second hand which pivot coaxially, independently driven by two drive members, and in a first display mode, one hand indicates the hour, and the other indicates the minutes of the current time in reference to the respective position of said hands on the time dial, wherein the watch further includes a control member able to activate a second display mode, in which the first and second hands are positioned in reference to the time dial in order to respectively indicate the tens and units of the date.

US Pat. No. 10,139,783

HAND DEVICE, ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE, HAND DRIVING METHOD OF ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE AND RECORDING MEDIUM

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An electronic timepiece comprising:a hand configured to reciprocally move in a fan shape in a counterclockwise direction and in a clockwise direction;
a driving unit configured to drive the hand; and
a display unit, at least a part of which is arranged below the hand and within a reciprocal movement range of the hand,
wherein the electronic timepiece is configured to display predetermined information by a combination of display by the display unit and a position of the hand,
wherein the electronic timepiece is configured to indicate first time information by a position of the hand and to indicate second time information by the display unit,
wherein the first time information indicates time in a first unit of time, and the second time information indicates time in a second unit of time which longer than the first unit of time,
wherein the electronic timepiece has a stopwatch mode to measure an elapsed time which is indicated by the first time information and the second time information, and
wherein, in the stopwatch mode:
the driving unit is configured to drive the hand in the clockwise direction from a stopwatch mode origin position as the elapsed time increases to show increments of the elapsed time in the first unit of time;
the display unit is configured to show increments of the elapsed time in the second unit of time; and
when the elapsed time approaches a next increment of the second unit of time, the driving unit is configured to drive the hand in the counterclockwise direction to return the hand to the stopwatch mode origin position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,782

TIMEPIECE MECHANISM FOR BIDIRECTIONAL CORRECTION OF A PLURALITY OF DISPLAYS

1. A bidirectional correction mechanism, for correcting the position of at least a first gear train and of a second gear train, and arranged to be controlled by the action of a user on a setting means, said mechanism comprising a corrector pinion, arranged to be controlled by said setting means, and including a correction lever that pivots coaxially to said corrector pinion on a main arbor comprised in said corrector pinion, and said correction lever carrying, meshing with said corrector pinion, a first intermediate wheel set arranged to drive said first gear train and a second intermediate gear train arranged to drive said second gear train, wherein said correction mechanism comprises at least one elastic element arranged, in the absence of action by a user on said setting means, to return said correction lever to a neutral position wherein said first intermediate wheel set is uncoupled from said first gear train and said second intermediate wheel set is uncoupled from said second gear train, and wherein said bidirectional correction mechanism comprises at least, either a friction connection between said correction lever and said main arbor of said corrector pinion, or a friction connection between said elastic element on the one hand, and said first intermediate wheel set and said second intermediate wheel set on the other hand, wherein said bidirectional correction mechanism includes a said friction connection between said correction lever and said main arbor of said corrector pinion, or a friction connection between said elastic element on the one hand, and on the other hand, on a first side a first arbor comprised in said first intermediate wheel set, and on a second side a second arbor comprised in said second intermediate wheel set, and wherein, when said first arbor of said first intermediate wheel set, or said second arbor of said second intermediate wheel set reaches a stop position, the corresponding friction connection slides, and said corresponding intermediate sliding gear wheel set can then rotate freely, meshing with said first gear train, respectively said second gear train.

US Pat. No. 10,139,781

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING HOLOGRAPHIC 3D IMAGE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of displaying a holographic three-dimensional (3D) image, the method comprising:generating a non-transitory hologram signal to generate multiple identical hologram images which are shifted with respect to one another by a predetermined distance and overlapped on one another, in a viewing window comprising a plurality of image windows, each of the multiple identical hologram images occupying a corresponding one of the plurality of image windows which are continuously disposed in the viewing window, wherein a length of the image window is substantially the same as a pupil length of a user, and a spacing between the plurality of image windows is less than the pupil length of the user; and
modulating, by a spatially light modulator (SLM), a light that is emitted from a light source and is incident on the SLM based on the non-transitory hologram signal,
wherein the plurality of image windows are simultaneously formed in the viewing window and shifted with respect to one another via the SLM without a mechanical movement of the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,139,780

MOTION COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A system for computer generated image (CGI) motion communication capability, comprising:a display silhouette device;
a module for creating a computer-generated character for projection onto the display silhouette device;
a module for creating the positions and motions required for physical language signs and gestures in a 3-dimensional view space;
a module operative to select one or more of said created signs and gestures to convey information to a viewer;
a module operative to present the one or more selected signs and gestures as an information projection;
a module directing said computer-generated character to form said selected signs and gestures;
where the information projection of said selected signs and gestures are delivered as a holographic projection onto the rear surface of the display silhouette device.

US Pat. No. 10,139,779

IMAGE RECOGNITION USING HOLOGRAMS OF SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS THEREOF

1. A method of using spectral components of one or more spatial cross sections of pixels of an image for recognizing a similar image, the method comprising:generating a first hologram of spectral characteristics of one or more spatial cross-sections of pixels of a first image;
generating a second hologram of spectral characteristics of one or more spatial cross-sections of pixels of a second image;
comparing the first hologram to the second hologram by:
a) scanning the one or more spatial cross-sections of pixels of the first image to create first complex waveforms; and,
b) using the first complex waveform to modulate a reference beam to interrogate the second hologram.

US Pat. No. 10,139,778

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING TRANSFER POWER THEREOF

S-PRINTING SOLUTION CO., ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a humidity sensor to measure humidity;
a transfer unit to perform an operation to transfer an image on a photoreceptor to a transfer medium;
a power supply to supply transfer power to the transfer unit to output a transfer voltage, by applying a transfer current to the transfer unit; and
a controller to control the transfer power supplied by the power supply to the transfer unit,
wherein, when the transfer unit is to perform the operation to transfer the image, the controller,
applies, during a time period before the transfer unit transfers the image on the photoreceptor, a set sensing current to the transfer unit, and measures a first output voltage of the transfer unit in response to the applied set transfer current to determine a sensing feedback voltage,
determines whether to set a target voltage of the transfer voltage or to set a target current of the transfer current, based on
comparing the determined sensing feedback voltage with a set voltage value, and
comparing the humidity measured by the humidity sensor with a set humidity value,
sets the target voltage based on the determined sensing feedback voltage, when the humidity measured by the humidity sensor is equal to or higher than the set humidity value and the sensing feedback voltage is lower than the set voltage value, and
controls, during a time period in which the transfer medium is inserted into the transfer unit, the power supply to adjust the transfer current to control the transfer voltage to reach the set target voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,139,777

CARTRIDGE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A process cartridge detachably mountable to a main assembly of an electrophotographic image forming apparatus, the main assembly including a main assembly side drive transmission member and a main assembly side urging member, the process cartridge comprising:(i) a rotatable photosensitive member;
(ii) a rotatable developing roller configured to develop a latent image formed on the photosensitive member, the developing roller being capable of contacting to and spacing from the photosensitive member;
(iii) an urging force receiving portion configured to receive, from the main assembly side urging member, an urging force for spacing the developing roller from the photosensitive member;
(iv) a cartridge side drive transmission member capable of the coupling with the main assembly side drive transmission member and configured to receive, from the main assembly side drive transmission member, a rotational force for rotating the developing roller; and
(v) a decoupling member capable of decoupling the cartridge side drive transmission member from the main assembly side drive transmission member with reception of the urging force by the urging force receiving portion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,776

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY FOR USE IN AN IMAGE FORMING DEVICE

Lexmark International, In...

1. An image forming device, comprising:a first electrical connector mounted on a frame of the image forming device; and
a replaceable unit removably installable in the image forming device along a direction of insertion of the replaceable unit into the image forming device, the replaceable unit includes a second electrical connector that is matable with the first electrical connector;
wherein the first electrical connector is translatable relative to the frame of the image forming device along a first dimension that is perpendicular to the direction of insertion of the replaceable unit into the image forming device and pivotable relative to the frame of the image forming device along a pivot path about a pivot axis that is parallel to the first dimension, the pivot axis is at a fixed position relative to the first electrical connector,
wherein at least one guide on the replaceable unit aligns the first electrical connector with the second electrical connector of the replaceable unit along the first dimension and along the pivot path upon insertion of the replaceable unit into the image forming device along the direction of insertion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,775

RETAINING MEMBER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A retaining member which is mounted on an end part of a shaft supported by a holding member, and prevents the shaft from coming off from the holding member or prevents a rotary body mounted around the shaft from coming off, the retaining member comprising:an inner circumferential portion which is ring-shaped and faces the end part of the shaft supported by the holding member;
an outer circumferential portion which is ring-shaped and disposed outside the inner circumferential portion in a radial direction;
a linkage portion which connects the inner circumferential portion and the outer circumferential portion to each other in the radial direction;
a plurality of engagement claws which project from a surface of the inner circumferential portion pointing in a direction of the shaft, and engage with an engagement groove formed in an outer peripheral surface of the shaft; and
a slit which is formed on a side opposite from the linkage portion with a center of the inner circumferential portion located between the slit and the linkage portion, and cuts the inner circumferential portion in the radial direction,
wherein
the retaining member is mounted onto the end part of the shaft by being pushed toward a surface of a tip end of the shaft in an axial direction of the shaft until the plurality of engagement claws reach a position of the engagement groove while the inner circumferential portion is elastically deformed, and
the retaining member is integrally formed of an elastically deformable resin material.

US Pat. No. 10,139,774

DEVELOPING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an apparatus main body to which a cartridge that has a first rotating member is detachably mountable;
a first pressing member configured to press a unit that has
a second rotating member that can come into contact with the first rotating member, and
a supporting member rotatably supporting the second rotating member; and
a second pressing member configured to press the supporting member,
wherein the first pressing member moves the second rotating member from a contact position where the second rotating member is in contact with the first rotating member to a separated position where the second rotating member is separated from the first rotating member, by moving while pressing the supporting member,
wherein the second pressing member is capable of moving between a mounting/detaching restriction position where mounting/detaching of the cartridge to the apparatus main body is restricted, and a mounting/detaching allowing position where mounting/detaching of the cartridge to the apparatus main body is allowed,
and wherein the second pressing member moves the unit to a position distanced from the first rotating member by moving from the mounting/detaching restriction position to the mounting/detaching allowing position while pressing the supporting member, so the cartridge is in an extractable state from the apparatus main body.

US Pat. No. 10,139,773

FIXING TOOL AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus including a fixing tool comprising:a pair of arms capable of being inserted into and pulled out from through holes formed respectively in a sheet support plate of the image forming apparatus, which supports a sheet stored in a sheet feeder of the image forming apparatus such that the sheet is configured to be lifted and lowered, and in a bottom portion of the sheet feeder;
a holding portion provided so as to project from a predetermined position on each of the arms and fix the sheet support plate to the bottom portion of the sheet feeder by holding the sheet support plate and the bottom portion; and
a claw portion provided so as to project inward from a distal end of each of the arms and capable of being inserted between an integrated circuit mounted in the image forming apparatus and a mounting target portion which the integrated circuit is mountable to and detachable from.

US Pat. No. 10,139,772

WASTE TONER DETECTION MECHANISM AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A waste toner detection mechanism comprising:a stirring shaft that stirs waste toner;
a transmission member that transmits rotation to the stirring shaft, the transmission member moving in an axial direction of the stirring shaft based on a load that acts on rotation of the stirring shaft; and
a flag member that moves along with movement of the transmission member.

US Pat. No. 10,139,771

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a plurality of image forming units including a first image forming unit and a second image forming unit;
a rotatable and endless intermediate transfer member configured to transfer an image formed by each of the plurality of image forming units; and
a conductive metal plate,
wherein the first image forming unit is arranged downstream of a transfer position, at which the image transferred onto the intermediate transfer member is transferred onto a recording material, with respect to a rotational direction of the intermediate transfer member, and is arranged most upstream among the plurality of image forming units with respect to the rotational direction, and the second image forming unit is arranged adjacent to the first image forming unit and is arranged downstream of the first image forming unit with respect to the rotational direction,
wherein the first image forming unit comprises:
a first image bearing member;
a first developing device having a first developing container which contains a first developer including a toner of first color and a carrier, the first developing device having a first developing rotary member configured to bear and convey the first developer to a position at which an electrostatic image formed on the first image bearing member is to be developed,
a first magnetic permeability sensor arranged on the first developing device and configured to detect magnetic permeability of the first developer so as to detect a toner density of the first developer, the first magnetic permeability sensor including a first base portion and a first detecting portion which is arranged on the first base portion along a rotation axis direction of the first developing rotary member to detect the magnetic permeability of the first developer; and
a first cleaning unit configured to remove residual toner from the first image bearing member, the first cleaning unit having a first cleaning blade configured to contact with the first image bearing member to remove the residual toner from the first image bearing member and a conductive first metal support plate configured to support the first cleaning blade,
wherein the second image forming unit comprises:
a second image bearing member;
a second developing device having a second developing container which contains a second developer including a toner of second color and a carrier, the second developing device having a second developing rotary member configured to bear and convey the second developer to a position at which an electrostatic image formed on the second image bearing member is to be developed, the second developing device arranged downstream of the first cleaning unit with respect to the rotational direction so as to be adjacent to the first cleaning unit;
a second magnetic permeability sensor arranged on the second developing device and configured to detect magnetic permeability of the second developer so as to detect a toner density of the second developer, the second magnetic permeability sensor including a second base portion and a second detecting portion which is arranged on the second base portion along a rotation axis direction of the second developing rotary member to detect the magnetic permeability of the second developer; and
a second cleaning unit configured to remove residual toner from the second image bearing member, the second cleaning unit having a second cleaning blade configured to contact with the second image bearing member to remove the residual toner from the second image bearing member and a conductive second metal support plate configured to support the second cleaning blade,
wherein, when viewed from a direction perpendicular to the rotation axis direction of the second developing rotary member, a shortest distance between the first metal support plate and the second detecting portion is equal to or less than 10 mm, and
wherein, when viewed from a direction perpendicular to the rotation axis direction of the first developing rotary member, the conductive metal plate overlaps the first detecting portion with respect to the rotation axis direction of the first developing rotary member and a shortest distance between the conductive metal plate and the first detecting portion is equal to or less than 10 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,139,770

POWER SOURCE DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A power source device, comprising:a transformer including a primary winding and a secondary winding;
a switching element configured to enable or disable a supply of electric power to the primary winding by a switching operation;
a controller configured to control the switching operation,
wherein said controller is capable of effecting (i) continuous control in which the switching operation is continued, and (ii) intermittent control in which a switching period in which the switching operation is performed and a rest period in which the switching operation is at rest are repeated,
a calculating portion configured to (i) operate for generating a signal for controlling an operation of said switching element in a state that electric power is supplied, and (ii) not have electric power in the rest period so as to reduce electric power consumption; and
a measuring portion configured to measure time in the rest period,
wherein when the time measured by said measuring portion reaches a predetermined time period in the rest period, said calculating portion resumes the operation of generating the signal for controlling the operation of said switching element.

US Pat. No. 10,139,769

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND PROGRAM WITH TWO SNAPSHOT ACQUISITION PROCESSES

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a nonvolatile storage device configured to store save target information related to the image forming apparatus as snapshot data in a power supply continuing period from a time of a power-off operation to a time of interruption of power supply; and
a hardware processor configured to reduce a start-up time by means of the snapshot data upon the next power-on operation being performed after the power-off operation, and accordingly start up the image forming apparatus fast, wherein
the hardware processor
upon the power-off operation being performed in a first working state of the image forming apparatus, executes a first snapshot acquisition process of storing save target information related to a first device group of the image forming apparatus as the snapshot data in the storage device, and
upon the power-off operation being performed in a second working state where power consumption is less than the first working state due to the halt of two or more devices in the first device group, after an initialization process is executed on some of the two or more devices halting at the time of the power-off operation, executes a second snapshot acquisition process of storing save target information related to a second device group narrowed down from the first device group, the second device group including some devices from the first device group and excluding the some of the two or more devices halting at the time of the power-off operation, as the snapshot data in the storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,139,768

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A sheet processing apparatus, comprising:a supporting portion configured to support sheets on which an image is respectively formed;
a pair of tooth members configured to bite the sheets which are supported by the supporting portion to bind the sheets;
a cam configured to rotate around a rotation axis line to move at least one of the pair of tooth members with respect to another one of the pair of tooth members so that the sheets are bitten by the pair of tooth members;
a motor;
a transfer mechanism having a first gear and a second gear and configured to transfer rotation of the motor to the cam via the first and second gears so as to rotate the cam around the rotation axis line; and
a wall perpendicular to the rotation axis line,
wherein, when viewed in a direction parallel to the rotation axis line, at least a part of the first gear, at least a part of the second gear, and at least a part of the cam respectively overlap with the wall,
the pair of tooth members, the motor, and the cam are arranged so as to face one side of the wall, and
the first gear and the second gear are arranged so as to face another side of the wall opposite to the one side.

US Pat. No. 10,139,767

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS CONTROLLING RECORDING SHEET CONVEYANCE SPEED

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus that transfers an image from an image carrier onto a continuous sheet passing between the image carrier rotating and a transfer member, the image forming apparatus comprising:a fixing unit configured to thermally fix the image on the continuous sheet while nipping and conveying the continuous sheet with a pair of fixing members after the transfer, at least one of the fixing members rotating;
a sensor configured to measure surface movement speed of the continuous sheet in a non-contact manner while the continuous sheet is being conveyed by the fixing members; and
a control unit configured to:
control rotation speed of the fixing members in accordance with a result of the measurement carried out by the sensor, to lower the speed of conveyance of the continuous sheet from an initial speed to a target speed, wherein the target speed is determined beforehand and the target speed is above a peripheral speed of the image carrier, the control being performed while the continuous sheet being conveyed is in contact with at least the transfer member and the fixing members,
maintain the conveyance speed of the continuous sheet at about the target speed, and
control the rotation speed of the fixing members to be higher than the peripheral speed of the image carrier,
wherein the sensor includes a light source configured to emit a light beam toward one of a front surface and a back surface of the continuous sheet passing through a predetermined measurement position, the predetermined measurement position being located on a downstream side of the transfer member in a continuous sheet conveying direction and on an upstream side of the fixing members in the continuous sheet conveying direction in a continuous sheet conveyance path.

US Pat. No. 10,139,766

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a photosensitive member;
a charging member configured to electrically charge said photosensitive member;
a developing device configured to form a toner image by supplying toner to said photosensitive member;
a transfer member configured to transfer the toner image from said photosensitive member onto a toner image receiving member;
a cleaning member provided in contact with said photosensitive member and configured to remove the toner remaining on a surface of said photosensitive member after transfer; and
a controller configured to carry out a process for notifying information on a lifetime of said charging member on the basis of use amount information on a use amount of said charging member and contact pressure information on contact pressure applied by said cleaning member to said photosensitive member.

US Pat. No. 10,139,765

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM, AND IMAGE FORMATION CONTROL PROGRAM

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image former that forms an image on a transfer paper sheet;
a colorimeter that reads the image formed on the transfer paper sheet;
a conveyor that conveys the transfer paper sheet in the image formation at the image former and the reading of the image at the colorimeter; and
a controller that controls the formation of the image on the transfer paper sheet, and the reading and the conveyance of the image,
wherein
when a first conveyance velocity is a velocity at which the transfer paper sheet is conveyed when the image is formed by the image former, and is higher than a velocity set for conveying the transfer paper sheet when the image is read by the colorimeter,
a second conveyance velocity is a velocity that is lower than the first conveyance velocity and is set as a velocity at which the transfer paper sheet is conveyed when the image is read by the colorimeter, and
a long paper sheet having a longer transfer sheet length in a conveying direction than a predetermined threshold value is used as the transfer paper sheet in an adjustment mode in which an adjustment image formed on the transfer paper sheet is read by the colorimeter, the controller
controls the image former and the conveyor, to form the adjustment image on the transfer paper sheet being conveyed at the second conveyance velocity, and
controls the colorimeter and the conveyor, to read the adjustment image formed on the transfer paper sheet while the transfer paper sheet is being conveyed at the second conveyance velocity.

US Pat. No. 10,139,764

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a plurality of image forming units configured to form images, each having a different color;
an intermediate transfer member to which a pattern formed by the plurality of image forming units is transferred, the pattern being used for detecting color misregistration;
a sensor configured to measure reflected light from the pattern on the intermediate transfer member to output an output value in accordance with a measurement result;
a comparator configured to compare the output value output from the sensor with a threshold value; and
a controller configured:
to control the plurality of image forming units to form a plurality of patterns, each having a different color, on the intermediate transfer member,
to control the sensor to measure reflected light from the plurality of patterns,
to compare an output value corresponding to the plurality of patterns output from the sensor with the threshold value using the comparator,
to detect an amount of color misregistration, related to a relative position of a pattern having a reference color among the plurality of patterns and a color pattern having another color among the plurality of patterns based on a comparison result of the comparator, and
to correct an image forming position of the other color based on the amount of color misregistration,
wherein, in a case where a first output value from the sensor satisfies a predetermined condition, the controller sets a fixed value as the threshold value, the first output value corresponding to a measurement result of reflected light from another pattern which differs from each of the plurality of patterns, and
wherein, in a case where the first output value does not satisfy the predetermined condition, the controller sets the threshold value based on the first output value and a second output value from the sensor, the second output value corresponding to a measurement result of reflected light from the intermediate transfer member.

US Pat. No. 10,139,763

IMAGE FORMATION DEVICE WITH LIFE DETERMINATION SECTION FOR REPLACEABLE UNIT

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. An image formation device including an image information process section having a photoreceptor configured to carry a toner image and a developer configured to form the toner image on a surface of the photoreceptor, the photoreceptor and the developer being configured as replaceable units, the image formation device comprising:a development bias application section configured to apply a development bias to between the photoreceptor and the developer;
a stabilization control section configured to perform image stabilization control of determining a development bias value to be used in future by changing the development bias while measuring a density of the toner image formed by the developer, thereby obtaining the toner image with a target density;
a life determination section configured to determine expiration of use of at least one of the replaceable units of the image information process section when the development bias value determined by the stabilization control falls outside a preset acceptable range, and
a photoreceptor use amount counting section configured to count a cumulative use amount of the photoreceptor,
wherein the acceptable range used by the life determination section is set to shift downward in a case of a great cumulative use amount of the photoreceptor as compared to a case of a small cumulative use amount of the photoreceptor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,762

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS FOR PRINTING A FIRST IMAGE AND FOR PRINTING A SECOND IMAGE WHERE INFORMATION SATISFIES A PREDETERMINATION CONDITION

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image former that develops, with toner, an electrostatic latent image formed on an image carrier on the basis of a job and prints a first image on continuous paper and;
a hardware processor that controls the image former to print a second image on continuous paper in a case where at least either image information or continuous printing distance information of the first image formed by the image former satisfies a predetermined condition,
wherein the hardware processor notifies a user of print information indicating a print position of the second image formed by the image former.

US Pat. No. 10,139,761

PHOTO INTERRUPTER UNIT, SHEET CONVEYANCE APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A photo interrupter unit comprising:a photo interrupter including:
a light emitting portion configured to emit light;
a photo sensing portion configured to receive the light emitted from the light emitting portion;
a claw portion configured to be elastically deformable; and
a connector portion comprising a plurality of connector pins and arranged in alignment with the light emitting portion and the photo sensing portion in an alignment direction; and
a supporting portion configured to detachably support the photo interrupter, the supporting portion including:
a mounting surface on which the photo interrupter is mounted;
a hole portion into which the claw portion is inserted, and which is provided in the mounting surface; and
a projection projecting from the mounting surface and configured to regulate a position of the photo interrupter in a deforming direction in which the claw portion is elastically deformable in a state where the claw portion is inserted into the hole portion,
wherein the projection is arranged not to oppose the plurality of the connector pins in the alignment direction.

US Pat. No. 10,139,760

FIXING BELT, FIXING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. A fixing belt comprising a base layer made of heat-resistant resin, an elastic layer made of an elastic material and disposed on the base layer, and a release layer made of fluororesin and disposed on the elastic layer, whereinthe release layer has surface geometry including a first uneven profile and a second uneven profile formed on the surface of the first uneven profile,
the first uneven profile is represented as a maximum height roughness of 5.0 to 100 ?m, and
the second uneven profile is represented as a maximum height roughness of 0.5 to 0.9 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,139,759

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a fixer that includes a first heater group including a plurality of first heaters and a second heater group including a plurality of second heaters;
a first power cord that supplies AC power to the first heater group;
a second power cord that supplies AC power to the second heater group;
a plurality of first switches that is provided between the first heaters and the first power cord and switches a power supply state to the first heaters;
a plurality of second switches that is provided between the second heaters and the second power cord and switches a power supply state to the second heaters; and
a hardware processor that independently controls the lightings of the first and second heater groups by controlling the plurality of first and second switches based on an array pattern for turning on or off the first and second heaters,
wherein the array pattern for turning on or off the first and second heaters comprises an on period and an off period whose lengths are both a half wave cycle of an AC power supply, and is set to satisfy a flicker regulation value.

US Pat. No. 10,139,758

TRANSFER DEVICE ALLOWING SUPPRESSION OF OCCURRENCE OF SEPARATION DISCHARGE BETWEEN SHEETS, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A transfer device comprising:a conveyance belt configured to convey a sheet via a contact position with an image carrier on which a toner image is formed;
a transfer roller being provided to oppose the image carrier across the conveyance belt, the transfer roller being configured to transfer the toner image onto the sheet at the contact position upon application of a voltage having a polarity opposite to a charge polarity of toner that is included in the toner image formed on the image carrier;
a stretch roller configured to stretch the conveyance belt at a separation position where the sheet is separated from the conveyance belt and which separation position is provided downstream, in a running direction of the conveyance belt, from the contact position, the stretch roller being grounded via a resistance portion having electrical resistance; and
a cleaning member being provided to oppose the stretch roller across the conveyance belt, downstream, in the running direction of the conveyance belt, from the separation position, the cleaning member being configured to attract the toner attached to a surface of the conveyance belt upon application of a voltage having a polarity opposite to the charge polarity of the toner.

US Pat. No. 10,139,757

PRESSING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, METHOD FOR CONTROLLING PRESSING APPARATUS, AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

RICOH COMPANY, LIMITED, ...

1. A pressing apparatus comprising:a presser including a second member configured to come close to or separate from a first member;
an elastic member configured to apply force in a direction in which the second member comes close to the first member to the presser, the elastic member being mounted on the presser;
an actuator configured to apply force in a direction in which the second member comes close to the first member and separates from the first member to the presser to adjust pressure between the second member and the first member during a printing operation by controlling a gap between the second member and the first member, the actuator being mounted on the presser;
an acquirer configured to acquire a parameter containing at least one of a position of the presser, a speed of the presser, and force applied by the actuator to the presser; and
a controller configured to feedback-control the actuator based on the acquired parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,756

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming portion, including an image bearing member and a developing device configured to develop an electrostatic latent image, formed on said image bearing member, with a liquid developer containing toner and a liquid carrier, wherein said image forming portion is configured to form an image on a recording material;
a carrier storing container configured to store the carrier;
a mixer configured to mix the toner and the carrier to form the liquid developer to be supplied to said developing device, wherein the liquid developer has a predetermined toner ratio;
a first discharging portion provided on said carrier storing container and configured to discharge the carrier toward said mixer;
a collecting mechanism configured to collect the carrier from said image forming portion into said carrier storing container; and
a second discharging portion provided on said carrier storing container and configured to discharge the carrier toward a carrier collecting container configured to collect the carrier, wherein said carrier collecting container is detachably mountable to said carrier storing container.

US Pat. No. 10,139,755

DEVELOPING DEVICE WITH SIDE BY SIDE DEVELOPING SECTIONS, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH SAME

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. A developing device comprising:a developer bearing member configured to bear a developer, the developer bearing member having an axial length extending in an axis direction;
a plurality of development sections configured to house the developer to be borne on the developer bearing member, each development section having opposite sides defining a length of the development section in the axis direction, the development sections arranged side by side in the axis direction;
a communication section disposed at a boundary of adjacent two development sections of the development sections, and configured to communicate between the two development sections; and
a control section configured to perform an operation of moving the developer between the two development sections through the communication section to equalize degradation states of the developer in the two development sections.

US Pat. No. 10,139,754

TONER RECEIVING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A toner receiving device comprising:a toner receiving port configured to receive toner supplied from a toner case;
an elastic seal member provided on a peripheral edge of the toner receiving port;
an opening/closing member configured to close and open the toner receiving port by moving between a closing position at which to close the toner receiving port while contacting the seal member and an opening position at which to open the toner receiving port, the opening/closing member moving from the closing position to the opening position in conjunction with an attachment operation in which the toner case is attached to a predetermined attachment position; and
a support mechanism including a guide rail and a plurality of guide pieces and supporting the opening/closing member such that the opening/closing member can move between the closing position and the opening position, the guide rail extending in an opening and closing direction of the opening/closing member, and being inserted between the plurality of guide pieces, wherein
the guide rail includes:
a first rail portion configured to be inserted between the plurality of guide pieces when the opening/closing member is at the closing position; and
a second rail portion configured to be inserted between the plurality of guide pieces when the opening/closing member is at the opening position, and
the first rail portion is formed to be thinner than the second rail portion so that a play in an up-down direction between the opening/closing member and the support mechanism is larger when the opening/closing member is at the closing position than when the opening/closing member is at the opening position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,753

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING CONTROLLED DRIVING FORCE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A toner supply unit for use in an image forming apparatus for forming an image on a recording material with toner, said toner supply unit comprising:a main body including a mounting portion for mounting a toner bottle;
a driving device supplying a driving force;
a controller to control the driving force;
a toner bottle containing toner, dismountably mounted to said mounting portion and including a discharging portion for discharging the toner contained therein, said toner bottle being rotatable by a driving force supplied from said driving device;
a detector configured to detect information relating to a number of rotations of said toner bottle;
a movable shutter member provided on said toner bottle and movable between a closing position for closing said discharging portion and an opening position for opening said discharging portion;
a bottle gear provided on said toner bottle and configured to receive the driving force in a state that said toner bottle is mounted to said mounting portion;
a moving mechanism provided in said main body and configured to move said shutter member from the closing position to the opening position with rotation of said bottle gear in the state that said toner bottle is mounted to said mounting portion; and
a discharging mechanism provided on said toner bottle and configured to discharge a predetermined amount of toner from said discharging portion with the rotation of said bottle gear, in the state that said toner bottle is mounted to said mounting portion,
wherein by control of said controller,
the driving force inputted to said bottle gear in a period from input of the driving force to said bottle gear to a predetermined number of detections of the information by said detector is smaller than the driving force inputted to said bottle gear at a time when said discharging mechanism first discharges the predetermined amount of toner from the discharging portion after the predetermined number of detections of the information.

US Pat. No. 10,139,752

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, TONER CASE ATTACHABLE TO IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a toner case including a shutter member configured to move between an opening position and a closing position, wherein when the shutter member is at the opening position, a toner discharge port formed in a bottom portion of the toner case is opened, and when the shutter member is at the closing position, the toner discharge port is closed; and
a case attachment portion configured to support the toner case inserted therein toward a predetermined attachment position such that the toner case is attached at the attachment position in a detachable manner, wherein
the shutter member includes:
a compatible key projecting downward from the shutter member and provided at a compatible position that corresponds to a type of the toner case; and
an engaged portion provided at a position separated from the compatible key in a direction opposite to an insertion direction in which the toner case is inserted in the case attachment portion,
the case attachment portion includes:
a compatible member rockably supported at a position that faces the shutter member during a process in which the toner case is inserted in the case attachment portion, the compatible member including a first contact portion and a first engaging portion, the first contact portion being located on a forward side of a rocking fulcrum in the insertion direction, the first engaging portion being located on a backward side of the rocking fulcrum in the insertion direction,
in a state where the toner case is not inserted in the case attachment portion, the compatible member is disposed at a first position where the first engaging portion is separated from an insertion path of the compatible key, and the first contact portion intersects the insertion path, and
during the process in which the toner case is inserted in the case attachment portion, the compatible member is disposed at a second position where the compatible key comes in contact with the first contact portion and causes the compatible member to rock so that the first contact portion is separated from the insertion path and the first engaging portion is engaged with the engaged portion, and the shutter member moves from the closing position to the opening position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,751

IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS DETECTING A RESPONSE FROM COMMUNICATION PART

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image formation apparatus comprising:a replacement unit that is detachably attachable to a body of the image formation apparatus and includes a first communication part capable of communicating wirelessly;
a second communication part configured, in a state where the replacement unit is attached to the body of the image formation apparatus, to communicate wirelessly with the first communication part; and
a control unit configured to control the second communication part, wherein
in a process of causing the second communication part to communicate wirelessly with the first communication part a plurality of times, the control unit detects a change in a response from the first communication part,
the second communication part includes a power supply unit configured to supply electric power to the first communication part,
the control unit controls the power supply unit such that a power amount supplied by the power supply unit is changed from a first power amount to a second power amount, and makes a determination on the replacement unit including the first communication part based on the communication from the first communication part under condition that the power amount is changed, and
in a process of changing the power amount supplied by the power supply unit to a smaller amount, the control unit detects the response from the first communication part changing from a normal response to an abnormal response or no response.

US Pat. No. 10,139,750

DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE, DEVELOPING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

S-PRINTING SOLUTION CO., ...

1. A developing cartridge that is couplable to an image forming apparatus, the developing cartridge comprising:a developing portion;
a toner storing portion to store toner;
a partition wall formed between the developing portion and the toner storing portion, to block the toner in the toner storing portion from moving to the developing portion, the partition wall having a toner supply section through which the toner in the toner storing portion is supplied to the developing portion;
a first agitating member rotatably disposed in the developing portion; and
a second agitating member rotatably disposed in the toner storing portion,
wherein at least one of the first agitating member or the second agitating member includes an elastic member to be in contact with the partition wall formed to block the toner.

US Pat. No. 10,139,749

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a process cartridge including:
a drum frame including:
a photosensitive drum; and
a drum coupling configured to rotate the photosensitive drum; and
a housing configured to accommodate toner therein, the housing including:
a developing roller; and
a developing coupling configured to rotate the developing roller,
wherein the housing is movable relative to the drum frame between a first position and a second position,
wherein a surface of the developing roller is in contact with a surface of the photosensitive drum in a case where the housing is at the first position,
wherein the surface of the developing roller is spaced apart from the surface of the photosensitive drum in a case where the housing is at the second position,
wherein the photosensitive drum is rotatable about a first axis extending in an extending direction, and
wherein the image forming apparatus further comprises:
a first coupling configured to couple to the drum coupling, the first coupling being movable between a third position and a fourth position in the extending direction.

US Pat. No. 10,139,748

LASER SCANNING DEVICE FOR SCANNING LIGHT BEAM AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A laser scanning device configured to scan a light beam on a surface of a photoconductor so as to write an electrostatic latent image thereon, the laser scanning device comprising:a scanning mirror configured to reflect and scan the light beam in a predetermined main scanning direction;
a light sensor having a light receiving surface and configured to detect the light beam scanned by the scanning mirror when the light beam is incident on the light receiving surface;
a first light shielding portion configured to shield a first light shielding region which is a part of a first region, from the light beam, the first region being on one side of a target intermediate region in a sub scanning direction perpendicular to the main scanning direction, the target intermediate region being a belt-like intermediate region of the light receiving surface extending from an upstream end to a downstream end of the light receiving surface in the main scanning direction; and
a second light shielding portion configured to shield a second light shielding region which is a part of a second region, from the light beam, the second region being on the other side of the target intermediate region in the sub scanning direction, wherein
the first light shielding region divides the first region into an upstream region and a downstream region in the main scanning direction, and the second light shielding region divides the second region into an upstream region and a downstream region in the main scanning direction, and
a width of the first light shielding region in the main scanning direction gradually changes from a first base end portion to a first end portion thereof, the first base end portion being located at an intermediate position of and extending along the target intermediate region in the main scanning direction, the first end portion extending along a first side edge which is one of opposite ends of the light receiving surface in the sub scanning direction, and a width of the second light shielding region in the main scanning direction gradually changes from a second base end portion to a second end portion thereof, the second base end portion being located at an intermediate position of and extending along the target intermediate region in the main scanning direction, the second end portion extending along a second side edge which is the other of the opposite ends of the light receiving surface in the sub scanning direction.

US Pat. No. 10,139,747

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC ROLLER AND CHARGING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An electrophotographic roller comprising:an electro-conductive shaft core that includes a metallic layer at a surface thereof; and
an elastic layer on the shaft core, wherein,
when kinetic friction coefficients of an outer peripheral surface of each end portion of the shaft core with respect to polyester resin are measured for one rotation of the shaft core,
an average value ?r of the kinetic friction coefficients is in a range of 0.05 to 0.50, and
when the outer peripheral surface of each end portion is divided into three equal ranges, which are defined as a region A1, a region A2, and a region A3, in a peripheral direction of the shaft core,
each of the regions has:
a location where the kinetic friction coefficients fall within a range of 1.5 ?r to 1.8 ?r, and
a location where the kinetic friction coefficients fall within a range of 0.2 ?r to 0.5 ?r.

US Pat. No. 10,139,746

LIQUID ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC VARNISH COMPOSITION

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...

1. A liquid electrophotographic varnish composition comprising:a carrier liquid;
a polymer resin suspended as particles in the carrier liquid;
an epoxy-based cross-linking agent dispersed or dissolved directly in the carrier liquid; and
a metal catalyst and/or a photo-initiator for catalysing cross-linking of the polymer resin;
wherein the liquid electrophotographic varnish composition is substantially colorless.

US Pat. No. 10,139,745

TONER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A toner, in which inorganic fine particles and charge control particles are present on the surfaces of toner base particles,wherein
an average circularity of the toner base particles is 0.93 or more,
the inorganic fine particles satisfy the following conditions i) and ii),
i) the number average particle diameter is 90 nm or more,
ii) the value produced by dividing the rate of change in the mass of the inorganic fine particles by the specific surface area of the inorganic fine particles is 0.05 (%·g/m2) or less, wherein the rate of change in the mass of the inorganic fine particles is calculated by a following formula:
(TGA2?TGA1)×100/TGA1in the formula,the mass of the inorganic fine particles, which are left to stand for 24 hours or more in an environment at a temperature of 23° C. and a relative humidity of 5%, is defined “TGA1”, andthe mass of the inorganic fine particles, which are further left to stand for 1 hour in an environment at a temperature of 30° C. and a relative humidity of 80%, is defined “TGA2”,the charge control particles are a polymer compound,
the polymer compound has at least a partial structure represented by General formula (1),

in General formula (1), R1 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, and * represents a bonding site for bonding to a structure represented by General formula (2),

in General formula (2), R2 to R5 represent independently a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having a carbon number of 1 to 6, a halogen atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, or a partial structure represented by General formula (1), at least one of R2 to R5 is the partial structure represented by General formula (1),
the charge control particles have the charge attenuation factor of 10% or less, wherein the charge attenuation factor is evaluated by measuring a charge attenuation factor of the coating film on an electrically conductive substrate, the coating film is obtained by coating the polymer compound being dissolved into methyl ethyl ketone on the electrically conductive substrate,
the toner base particle coverage Hb, which is a coverage ratio of a surface of the toner base particle with the inorganic fine particles, is 10.0% to 50.0%,
the toner base particle coverage Hc, which is a coverage ratio of a surface of the toner base particle with the charge control particles, is 10.0% to 80.0%, and
a sum of Hb and Hc is 20.0% to 90.0%.

US Pat. No. 10,139,742

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC VARNISH COMPOSITION

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...

1. An electrophotographic varnish composition comprising, in a liquid carrier,a. an epoxy-based cross-linking agent;
b. a mono-epoxy diluent;
c. a polymeric resin;
d. and a metal catalyst and/or a photo-initiator.

US Pat. No. 10,139,741

CHARGE TRANSPORT SUBSTANCE, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE-FORMING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Chemical Corpo...

1. An electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising:a conductive support; and
at least a photosensitive layer formed over the support, wherein the photosensitive layer comprises:
a positional-isomer mixture consisting of isomers each represented by formula (2); and
oxytitanium phthalocyanine having a crystal form which, when examined by X-ray powder diffractometry using a CuK? characteristic X-ray line, gives a spectrum which shows diffraction peaks at Bragg angles (2?±0.2°) of at least 24.1° and 27.2:

wherein R9 and R10 each independently represent an alkyl group, and R11 to R17 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group, or an alkoxy group, and n2 represents an integer of 2-5, and 1 and m each independently represent an integer of 1-5, and
wherein the isomers are two or more positional isomers selected from the group consisting of:
an isomer in which a substitution position of —OR9 is the ortho position and a substitution position of —OR10 is the ortho position, with respect to the styryl group in formula (2);
an isomer in which a substitution position of —OR9 is the ortho position and a substitution position of —OR10 is the para position, with respect to the styryl group in formula (2); and
an isomer in which a substitution position of —OR9 is the para position and a substitution position of —OR10 is the para position, with respect to the styryl group in formula (2).

US Pat. No. 10,139,740

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML NETHERLANDS B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:a projection system configured to project a patterned radiation beam onto a target portion of a substrate;
an alignment system configured to perform, for each of one or more alignment marks that are present on the substrate, a plurality of alignment mark position measurements for the alignment mark by applying a respective plurality of different alignment measurement parameters, to obtain a plurality of measured alignment mark positions for the alignment mark; and
a processing unit configured to:
determine, for each of the plurality of alignment mark position measurements, a positional deviation as a difference between an expected alignment mark position and a measured alignment mark position, the measured alignment mark position being determined based on the respective alignment mark position measurement;
define a set of functions as possible causes for the positional deviations, the set of functions including a substrate deformation function representing a deformation of the substrate, and at least one mark deformation function representing a deformation of the one or more alignment marks;
generate a matrix equation PD=M*F wherein a vector PD comprising the positional deviations is set equal to a weighted combination, represented by a weight coefficient matrix M, of a vector F comprising the substrate deformation function and the at least one mark deformation function, wherein weight coefficients associated with the at least one mark deformation function vary depending on applied alignment measurement;
determine a value for the weight coefficients of the matrix M;
determine an inverse or pseudo-inverse matrix of the matrix M to obtain a value for the substrate deformation function as a weighted combination of the positional deviations; and
apply the value of the substrate deformation function to perform an alignment of the target portion with the patterned radiation beam.

US Pat. No. 10,139,738

PATTERN FORMING APPARATUS AND PATTERN FORMING METHOD, MOVABLE BODY DRIVE SYSTEM AND MOVABLE BODY DRIVE METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS AND EXPOSURE METHOD, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus that exposes a substrate with an illumination light via a projection optical system and a liquid, the apparatus comprising:a mask stage system having a first stage and a first drive system, the first stage being disposed above the projection optical system and holding a mask illuminated with the illumination light, and the first drive system having a first motor to drive the first stage;
a nozzle member provided to surround a lens that is disposed closest to an image plane side, of a plurality of optical elements of the projection optical system, the nozzle member having a lower surface to which the substrate is placed facing, and locally forming a liquid immersion area with the liquid under the lens;
a base member disposed below the nozzle member;
a substrate stage system having a second stage and a third stage that are disposed on the base member, and a second drive system that has a second motor to drive the second and the third stages, wherein
the second stage has a holder for holding the substrate, and holds the substrate in a recessed portion of an upper surface of the second stage, the holder being disposed in the recessed portion, and
the third stage has at least one measurement member that detects the illumination light via the projection optical system and the liquid of the liquid immersion area;
an encoder system having a plurality of heads that respectively irradiate a plurality of scale members disposed substantially parallel to a predetermined plane, with a measurement beam, the encoder system measuring positional information of the second stage in directions of three degrees of freedom within the predetermined plane, with at least three heads, of the plurality of heads, that face at least three of the plurality of scale members, each of the plurality of scale members having a reflective grating periodic in a direction parallel to the predetermined plane, and the predetermined plane being orthogonal to an optical axis of the projection optical system; and
a controller coupled to the mask stage system and the substrate stage system, that controls the first and the second drive systems so that, in an exposure operation of the substrate, scanning exposure in which the mask and the substrate are each moved relative to the illumination light is performed with a first direction within the predetermined plane serving as a scanning direction,
wherein in the exposure operation, the substrate is placed facing the lower surface of the nozzle member by the second stage, and in the exposure operation and in movement of the second and the third stages that have come close together, the positional information of the second stage is measured with the encoder system, and
wherein the controller:
controls the second drive system so that the scanning exposure is performed via the projection optical system and the liquid of the liquid immersion area, from an area located on one side in the first direction, of a plurality of areas of a substrate held by the second stage that is placed facing the projection optical system; and
controls the second drive system so that the third stage comes close to the second stage from the other side in the first direction, and the second and the third stages that have come close together move from the other side to the one side in the first direction in order to place the third stage to face the projection optical system instead of the second stage while substantially maintaining the liquid immersion area under the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,139,737

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND METHOD HAVING SUBSTRATE AND SENSOR TABLES

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

13. An exposure method for exposing a substrate with illumination light via a projection optical system and via liquid, the method comprising:supplying the liquid so as to form an immersion area with the liquid below the projection optical system;
moving one stage of first and second stages so that the one stage is arranged facing the projection optical system, the first and second stages being supported by levitation above a base member, the base member being arranged below the projection optical system and a measurement system that obtains positional information of the substrate by irradiating the substrate with a measurement beam;
executing a relative movement between the first and second stages so that the other stage of the first and second stages is close to the one stage arranged facing the projection optical system; and
moving the close first and second stages relative to the projection optical system in a predetermined direction that is orthogonal to an optical axis of the projection optical system so that the other stage is arranged facing the projection optical system in place of the one stage while the immersion area is substantially maintained below the projection optical system, wherein
the first stage has an upper surface and a holder, the upper surface being arranged to be in contact with the immersion area, the holder being provided in an opening of the upper surface such that the substrate is held within the opening, the first stage being capable of moving from one area to the other area of first and second areas, the first area being for the substrate exposure, the second area being for the substrate exchange,
the first stage is moved such that the substrate is moved to a substrate exchange position, which is a position in the second area where the substrate held by the first stage is to be exchanged with a carrier system,
the second stage has an upper surface and a plurality of sensors, the upper surface being arranged to be in contact with the immersion area, each of the plurality of sensors having a surface arranged at the upper surface of the second stage, the second stage being capable of moving relative to the first stage and so that each of the plurality of sensors detect the illumination light via the projection optical system and the liquid of the immersion area, and
one sensor of the plurality of sensors is used for aerial image measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,139,736

LIQUID IMMERSION MEMBER, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, EXPOSURE METHOD, DEVICE FABRICATING METHOD, PROGRAM, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A liquid immersion exposure apparatus comprising:a projection system having a last optical member via which exposure light is projected; and
a liquid immersion member which forms a liquid immersion space under an emitting surface of the last optical member,
wherein:
the exposure light is projected to a substrate through liquid in the liquid immersion space to expose the substrate while the substrate is moved in a scanning direction,
the liquid immersion member includes (i) a first member that has a liquid supply port and has an opening through which the exposure light is projected, and (ii) a second member that has a liquid recovery port facing downwardly and that is movable with respect to the first member,
the liquid recovery port has a plurality of openings disposed in a four-sided shaped to surround the opening of the first member,
the four-sided shape has four corners,
first and second corners of the four corners are opposite each other and are spaced from each other in a direction perpendicular to the scanning direction,
third and fourth corners of the four corners are opposite each other and are spaced from each other in a direction parallel to the scanning direction, and
the second member is moved in a direction perpendicular to an optical axis of the last optical member so that a relative speed between the second member and an object is smaller than a relative speed between the first member and the object, while recovering the liquid in a gap between the second member and the object via the liquid recovery port of the second member.

US Pat. No. 10,139,735

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

12. A lithographic apparatus comprising:an illumination system configured to provide a radiation beam;
a support structure downstream of the illumination system configured to support a patterning device, the patterning device serving to impart the radiation beam with a pattern in its cross-section to provide a patterned radiation beam;
a lens configured to project the radiation beam at the patterning device with a magnification of 0.5×;
a substrate table downstream of the support structure configured to hold a substrate; and
a projection system configured to project the patterned radiation beam at a target portion of the substrate with a magnification of 0.5×.

US Pat. No. 10,139,734

IMAGING OPTICAL UNIT AND PROJECTION EXPOSURE APPARATUS FOR PROJECTION LITHOGRAPHY, HAVING SUCH IMAGING OPTICAL UNIT

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

18. An imaging optical unit configured to image an object field into an image field, the imaging optical unit comprising:a plurality of mirrors,
wherein:
the imaging optical unit is a catoptric imaging optical unit;
the imaging optical unit has an obscured pupil;
during use of the imaging optical unit, a chief ray of a central field point passes through a center of the obscured pupil of the imaging optical unit;
the plurality of mirrors comprises a last mirror upstream of the image field along a beam path of imaging light through the imaging optical unit during use of the imaging optical unit;
the last mirror has an opening along the beam path of the imaging light;
an edge surface of a reflection surface of the last mirror is configured to contiguously reflect the imaging light during use of the imaging optical unit;
the plurality of mirrors comprises a penultimate mirror upstream of the image field along the beam path of the imaging light;
the penultimate mirror has a reflection surface that does not have an opening along the beam path of the imaging light;
the opening in the last mirror is configured so that, during use of the imaging optical unit, the opening in the last mirror generates a pupil obscuration region which does not lie centrally in the obscured pupil of the imaging optical unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,733

DIAPHRAGM CHANGING DEVICE

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. An optical imaging device having an object plane and an image plane, the optical imaging device comprising:a housing having an interior and an exterior;
a plurality of optical elements within an interior of the housing, the plurality of optical elements configured to image the object plane into the image plane via light passing along a beam path;
a plurality of diaphragms, each diaphragm having an opening; and
a diaphragm device in the exterior of the housing, the diaphragm device comprising a diaphragm store configured to hold the plurality of diaphragms arranged in a stack, each diaphragm being movable between a first position and a second position independently of the position of the other diaphragms,
wherein for each diaphragm:
in its first position, the diaphragm is in the diaphragm store, and the opening of the diaphragm is outside the beam path; and
in its second position, the diaphragm is in the interior of the housing, and the opening of the diaphragm device is in the beam path.

US Pat. No. 10,139,732

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS, SUBSTRATE PROCESSING METHOD AND RECORDING MEDIUM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A substrate processing apparatus, comprising:a first protection processing unit configured to form a first protective film on a peripheral portion of a substrate;
a film forming unit configured to form a film containing a metal on a front surface of the substrate;
a first cleaning processing unit configured to perform a cleaning processing of the peripheral portion of the substrate on which the film is formed; and
a control unit,
wherein the control unit is configured to:
control the first protection processing unit to form the first protective film on the peripheral portion of the substrate,
control the film forming unit to form the film on the front surface of the substrate on which the first protective film is formed,
control the first cleaning processing unit to supply a first chemical liquid for removing the film to the peripheral portion of the substrate on which the film is formed,
control the first cleaning processing unit to supply a second chemical liquid for removing a metal component to the peripheral portion of the substrate after the first chemical liquid is supplied to the peripheral portion of the substrate, and
control the first cleaning processing unit to supply a third chemical liquid for removing the first protective film to the peripheral portion of the substrate after the second chemical liquid is supplied to the peripheral portion of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,731

CONVEYOR, DEVELOPING SYSTEM AND METHOD

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A conveyor, comprising a conveying unit configured to convey a substrate and having a plurality of conveying portions, the plurality of conveying portions comprising a first tilt conveying portion and a second tilt conveying portion, whereinone of a conveying surface of the first tilt conveying portion and a conveying surface of the second tilt conveying portion is a rising surface configured to raise the substrate gradually, and the other one of the conveying surfaces is a falling surface configured to bring down the substrate gradually,
wherein each of the conveying portions comprises a plurality of roller groups, each roller group comprises a plurality of rollers spaced apart from each other along a length direction of the roller group, and axes of the roller groups of the conveying unit are all located in a same plane, said plane being a first plane, and
wherein the rollers in each roller group have a same diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,730

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING LIQUID FLEXOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATES

MacDermid Graphics Soluti...

1. A system for producing a relief image printing plate from a liquid photopolymer resin, the system comprising:a. an upper source of actinic radiation and a lower source of actinic radiation for exposing the liquid photopolymer resin to actinic radiation to crosslink and cure portions of the liquid photopolymer resin;
b. a top exposure glass and a bottom exposure glass arranged between the upper source of actinic radiation and the lower source of actinic radiation for confining the liquid photopolymer resin during production of the relief image printing plate;
c. a relief image negative arranged between the bottom exposure glass and the liquid photopolymer, wherein the relief image negative comprises transparent portions and opaque portions, wherein the transparent portions define areas where the liquid photopolymer can be exposed to be exposure to actinic radiation from the lower source of actinic radiation through the bottom exposure glass to crosslink and cure portions of the liquid photopolymer, and wherein the opaque portions define areas where the liquid photopolymer is not to exposed to actinic radiation and is not cured; and
d. a programmable screen arranged between the top exposure glass and the upper source of actinic radiation, wherein the programmable screen is programmable with an image file of a desire image, said image file comprising transparent portions and opaque portions.

US Pat. No. 10,139,729

COATING COMPOSITION FOR PATTERN REVERSAL ON SOC PATTERN

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A method for producing a semiconductor device comprising the steps of:(1) forming an organic underlayer film onto a semiconductor substrate;
(2) applying a silicon hard mask-forming composition on the organic underlayer film and baking the applied silicon hard mask-forming composition to form a silicon hard mask;
(3) applying a resist composition onto the silicon hard mask to form a resist film;
(4) exposing the resist film to light and developing the resist film after exposure to give a resist pattern;
(5) etching the silicon hard mask using the resist pattern;
(6) etching the organic underlayer film using the patterned silicon hard mask to form a patterned organic underlayer film;
(7) applying a polysiloxane composition onto the patterned organic underlayer film to embed the polysiloxane composition between traces of the pattern of the organic underlayer film and exposing an upper surface of the organic underlayer film by etch back, wherein the polysiloxane composition comprises a solvent and a hydrolysis condensate of a hydrolyzable silane comprising the hydrolyzable silane having two to three hydrolyzable groups in a proportion of 30 mol % to 100 mol % in total silanes; and
(8) etching the organic underlayer film to reverse the pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,139,726

IMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY METHOD, MASTER TEMPLATE FOR IMPRINT, WIRE GRID POLARIZER MANUFACTURED USING THE MASTER TEMPLATE AND DISPLAY SUBSTRATE HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An imprint lithography method, the method comprising:forming a first imprint pattern on a substrate in a first area and a third area, wherein the third area is spaced apart from the first area;
forming a first resist pattern on the substrate on a second area, wherein the second area is adjacent to the first area and the third area;
forming a first pattern in the first and third areas by etching an element under the first imprint pattern using the first imprint pattern and the first resist pattern as an etch barrier;
forming a second imprint pattern on the substrate in the second area;
forming a second resist pattern on the substrate on the first area and the third area; and
forming a second pattern in the second area by etching an element under the second imprint pattern using the second imprint pattern and the second resist pattern as an etch barrier.

US Pat. No. 10,139,725

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An apparatus for shielding a reticle for lithography, the apparatus comprising:a pellicle; and
at least one actuator configured to induce a movement of the pellicle with respect to the reticle, during an exposure of the reticle, to average an intensity variation of radiation received at the reticle over an exposure time and over a patterned surface of the reticle to obtain a substantially uniform intensity distribution of the radiation received at the reticle.

US Pat. No. 10,139,724

ANHYDRIDE COPOLYMER TOP COATS FOR ORIENTATION CONTROL OF THIN FILM BLOCK COPOLYMERS

Board of Regents The Univ...

1. A layered structure comprising first, second and third layers on a surface, wherein said first layer comprises a crosslinked polymer, wherein said second layer comprises a block copolymer film, and wherein said third layer comprises a random copolymer comprising at least one maleic anhydride unit, wherein said second layer block copolymer are selected from the group consisting of poly(styrene-block-dimethyl siloxane), pTBDMSO-Sty, pMTMSMA, pTMSS-Sty, and pMTMSMA-Sty, wherein pTBDMSO-Sty is
pMTMSMA is

pTMSS-Sty is

and pMTMSMA-Sty is
wherein said third layer comprises
wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of H, F, CF3, and C(CH3)3, R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, Me, SiMe3, CF3, and C(CH3)3, R3 is selected from the group consisting of H, CF3, and C(CH3)3, R4 is selected from the group consisting of H, F, CF3, and C(CH3)3, R5 is selected from the group consisting of H, Me, SiMe3, CF3, and C(CH3)3, R6 is selected from the group consisting of H, CF3, and C(CH3)3.

US Pat. No. 10,139,723

METHOD OF FORMING PHOTOMASK

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A method of forming a photomask, comprising:providing a first layout pattern to a computer system, the first layout pattern comprises a plurality of patterns;
generating an assist feature pattern by the computer system based on the first layout pattern, and adding the assist feature pattern into the first layout pattern to form a second layout pattern, wherein generating the assist feature pattern comprises:
generating a plurality of first lines, each of the first lines being respectively disposed at a center of a gap between any two of the patterns adjacent to each other, wherein each of the first lines is parallel to sides of the any two of the patterns, and a spacing between each of the first lines and one of the any two of the patterns is the same as another spacing between each of the first lines and another one of the any two of the patterns;
generating a plurality of second lines, each of the second lines being disposed another center of another gap between each of the first lines and a corresponding one of the patterns respectively; and
generating a plurality of a third lines, each of the third lines being disposed another center of another gap between a corresponding one of the patterns and a corresponding one of the second lines and another center of another gap between the corresponding one of the second lines and a corresponding one of the first lines respectively;
performing an optical proximity correction process with reference to both the first layout pattern and the assist feature pattern to the first layout pattern of the second layout pattern without altering the assist feature pattern to form a corrected first layout pattern by the computer system, so as to form a third layout pattern comprising the corrected first layout pattern and the assist feature pattern; and
outputting the third layout pattern to form the third layout pattern on a photomask substrate so as to form a photomask.

US Pat. No. 10,139,722

RADIATION IMAGE CAPTURING SYSTEM

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A console which receives a plurality of pieces of image data obtained by radiation image capturing from a radiation image capturing apparatus to generate a string of medical images based on the received image data, and transmits the string of medical images to an external apparatus in order according to a transmission order defined according to a capturing portion and/or a capturing condition, the console comprising:a display which displays preview images corresponding to the string of medical images aligned in the transmission order; and
a section which changes a display order of the displayed preview images, wherein, the transmission order is changed based on the changed display order and the string of medical images are transmitted in order to an external apparatus according to the changed transmission order.

US Pat. No. 10,139,721

APPARATUS FOR SYNTHESIZING SPATIALLY SEPARATED IMAGES

1. An apparatus for spatially separated images, whereinone image input by the apparatus for spatially separated images is separated into a short-range image and a long-range image, respectively,
the periphery of the short-range image is configured to a low-contrast dark background so that the long-range image may be transmitted through the back side of the short-range image,
first and second image displays displaying the short-range image and the long-range image are provided, respectively,
a position of the second image display forms an image separation distance from the first image display so that the short-range image and the long-range image create a reality effect by perspective in square spaces,
a translucent mirror having a square transparent structure is constituted on the front surface of the short-range image, and
functions of the short-range image formed with the dark background, the long-range image, the separation distance, the square spaces, and the translucent mirror having the transparent structure organically act at the same time to implement a spatial 3D effect by perspective.

US Pat. No. 10,139,720

PROJECTION SYSTEM AND PROJECTION SCREEN SUPPORTING DEVICE

Hisense Co., Ltd., Qingd...

1. A projection system comprising a projection screen, a projection device and a projection screen supporting device, the projection screen supporting device including a bracket body, a supporting assembly and a projection screen hanging assembly, the projection screen installed on the bracket body of the projection screen supporting device,wherein the bracket body of the projection screen supporting device comprises a first standing pole and a second standing pole, both of which are arranged substantially parallel to each other,
wherein the supporting assembly of the projection screen supporting device is fixed on the bracket body to support the bracket body,
wherein the projection screen hanging assembly of the projection screen supporting device is arranged on the bracket body, at an adjustable position in the direction in which the first standing pole and the second standing pole extend, to hang a projection screen on the bracket body,
wherein the projection screen hanging assembly comprises a first hanging piece, a second hanging piece, a third hanging piece and a fourth hanging piece,
wherein the first hanging piece and the second hanging piece of the projection screen hanging assembly are slidably installed on the first standing pole in the direction in which the first standing pole extends, and the first hanging piece is located between the second hanging piece and a top end of the first standing pole,
wherein the third hanging piece and the fourth hanging piece of the projection screen hanging assembly are slidably installed on the second standing pole in the direction in which the second standing pole extends, and the third hanging piece is located between the fourth hanging piece and a top end of the second standing pole,
wherein a guide groove, extending in the direction in which the first standing pole extends, is arranged on the first standing pole, and a guide groove, extending in the direction in which the second standing pole extends, is arranged on the second standing pole,
wherein the first hanging piece, the second hanging piece, the third hanging piece, and the fourth hanging piece of the projection screen hanging assembly each comprises a slider and a connection piece removably installed on the slider,
wherein in the first hanging piece and the second hanging piece, the slider is slidably engaged with the guide groove of the first standing pole, and the slider is locked on the first standing pole when the connection piece is installed on the slide, and
wherein in the third hanging piece and the fourth hanging piece, the slider is slidably engaged with the guide groove of the second standing pole, and the slider is locked on the second standing pole when the connection piece is installed on the slider.

US Pat. No. 10,139,719

AERIAL IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An aerial image display device which comprises an optical plate having a plurality of reflective surfaces orthogonal to each other in plan view, and which, by directing light to be incident on the optical plate and having the light reflected by the plurality of reflective surfaces to collect the light in air on a side which is opposite to a light-incident side with respect to the optical plate, forms a real image in the air, the aerial image display device further comprising:a projection device which emits projection light representing an image;
a screen which is irradiated with the projection light; and
a mirror which reflects incident light,
wherein
the mirror includes a counter mirror disposed on a side opposite to an image-forming side where the real image is formed, with respect to the optical plate, with a space between the counter mirror and the optical plate,
the projection device and the screen are disposed on the side opposite to the image-forming side with respect to the optical plate so as to sandwich there between an optical path between the counter mirror and the optical plate,
the projection light emitted from the projection device is incident on the screen after being reflected by the counter mirror, and is then incident on the optical plate after being reflected by the screen and then by the same counter mirror, and
the optical plate forms the real image of the image projected on the screen.

US Pat. No. 10,139,718

ILLUMINATION DEVICE AND IMAGE PROJECTION APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image projection apparatus comprising:an illumination device including:
a light source to emit first light having a first linear polarization component;
a fluorescence generator to generate, with excitation light of the first light, fluorescence having a wavelength longer than a wavelength of the first light;
a wavelength selector having:
a first area to transmit the first light through the first area; and
a second area to reflect the first light and transmit the fluorescence through the second area;
a polarization converter to alternately change the first light between linearly polarized light and circular polarized light; and
an optical-path switcher to guide the first light and the fluorescence to the polarization converter while guiding second light having a second linear polarization component perpendicular to the first linear polarization component to the fluorescence generator;
an optical-path forming section to define an optical path of illumination light emitted from the illumination device;
an image forming element disposed in the optical path of the illumination light to form an image with the illumination light;
a projection optical section to project the image to an outside of the image projection apparatus; and
an optical component disposed in an optical path from an exit end of the optical-path switcher to an exit end of the projection optical section,
the optical component being one of:
a mirror having an average reflectance of wavelengths of 400 nm or more and less than 500 nm being lower than an average reflectance of wavelengths of 500 nm or more and less than 800 nm; and
a lens having an average transmittance of wavelengths of 400 nm or more and less than 500 nm being lower than an average transmittance of wavelengths of 500 nm or more and less than 800 nm,
wherein the wavelength selector alternately sets the first area and the second area in an optical path of the first light in a temporal manner, and
wherein the illumination device switches a first optical path and a second optical path based on a setting of the wavelength selector:
in the first optical path, the first light sequentially passes through the optical-path switcher, the polarization converter, and the first area of the wavelength selector to become first illumination light, and
in the second optical path, the first light sequentially passes through the optical-path switcher and the polarization converter and is reflected by the second area of the wavelength selector, the first light is changed to the second light by the polarization converter, the second light passes through the optical-path switcher and is directed to the fluorescence generator to generate fluorescence, the fluorescence sequentially passes through the optical-path switcher, the polarization converter, and the second area of the wavelength selector to become second illumination light and travel in a direction same as a direction of the first illumination light.

US Pat. No. 10,139,717

LASER-DIODE, LIQUID-CRYSTAL PROJECTOR

CREMOTECH CO., LTD., Seo...

1. A laser-diode, liquid-crystal projector using a laser diode as a light source and a liquid crystal element as an optical modulator,wherein the light source includes: a G laser diode for emitting green light of an elliptical shape elongated in a first direction; a B laser diode for emitting blue light of an elliptical shape elongated in the first direction, an R laser diode for emitting red light of an elliptical shape elongated in a direction parallel to the first direction, the R laser diode being disposed such that a power application pin thereof is arranged parallel to an installation direction of a power application pin of the G laser diode or the B laser diode, the laser-diode, liquid-crystal projector comprising:
a first beam shaper for transforming light emitted from the light source in a perpendicularly intersecting pattern into uniform light;
a second beam shaper for forming the light emitted from the first beam shaper into a shape of an effective surface of the optical modulator;
a field lens for condensing the light formed by the second beam shaper;
a polarized beam splitter for reflecting the light incident from the field lens to the optical modulator and allowing an image incident from the optical modulator to be transmitted therethrough;
a projection lens for enlarging and projecting the image;
forceps coupled with one side of the second beam shaper; and
an oscillator coupled with an opposite side of the forceps,
wherein the G laser diode, the B laser diode, and the R laser diode are intrinsic multimode laser diodes,
wherein light rays emitted from the G laser diode, the B laser diode, and the R laser diode configured to form light in a perpendicularly crossing shape have the same polarization axis,
wherein the G laser diode, the B laser diode, and the R laser diode are watt class diodes for outputting light at an output power of one watt or more.

US Pat. No. 10,139,716

DUAL-COLOR LASER LIGHT SOURCE AND LASER PROJECTOR

HISENSE CO., LTD., Shand...

1. A dual-color laser light source, wherein, the laser light source comprises a first blue laser transmitter, a second blue laser transmitter, a red laser transmitter, a fluorescent wheel, a light collecting component and a light combining component, wherein the fluorescent wheel is provided with a green fluorescent region and a transmission region;the light combining component is arranged between the first blue laser transmitter and the fluorescent wheel, wherein the fluorescent wheel is arranged between the light combining component and the red laser transmitter, and the light collecting component and the second blue laser transmitter are respectively arranged on both sides of the light combining component, and a connection line between the first blue laser transmitter and the fluorescent wheel is perpendicular to a connection line between the light collecting component and the second blue laser transmitter;
the light combining component is used to transmit first blue laser emitted by the first blue laser transmitter to the fluorescent wheel, and to reflect a green fluorescence to the light collecting component after receiving the green fluorescence generated by the first blue laser irradiating the green fluorescent region;
the light combining component is also used to receive a second blue laser emitted by the second blue laser transmitter, and to transmit the second blue laser to the light collecting component;
the light combining component is also used to receive a red laser which is emitted by the red laser transmitter and transmitted through the transmission region, and to reflect the red laser to the light collecting component.

US Pat. No. 10,139,715

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE AND PROJECTOR

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A light source device comprising:a light-emitting element configured to emit excitation light;
a base that includes a plurality of segment regions and that is controllable so that the excitation light from the light-emitting element sequentially enters the respective segment regions;
a first fluorescent member that is provided in at least a first one of the segment regions and that includes a fluorescent material that is excitable by the excitation light from the light-emitting element and configured to emit a first fluorescence with a different wavelength from the excitation light emitted from the light-emitting element;
a second fluorescent member that is provided in at least a second one of the segment regions and includes a fluorescent material that is excitable by the excitation light from the light-emitting element and configured to emit a second fluorescence with a different wavelength from the first fluorescence and the excitation light emitted from the light-emitting element
a first filter that is provided so as to correspond to the first fluorescent member, the first filter being configured to transmit at least a part of the first fluorescence, and being configured to transmit a part of the excitation light that is transmitted through the first fluorescent member; and
a second filter that is provided so as to correspond to the second fluorescent member, the second filter being configured to transmit at least a part of the second fluorescence, and being configured to transmit a part of the excitation light that is transmitted through the second fluorescent member,
wherein an intensity of an emission peak wavelength of the excitation light transmitted through the first filter is less than or equal to an intensity of an emission peak wavelength of the first fluorescence transmitted through the first filter, and
wherein an intensity of an emission peak wavelength of the excitation light transmitted through the second filter is less than or equal to an intensity of an emission peak wavelength of the second fluorescence transmitted through the first filter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,714

LIGHT SOURCE APPARATUS INCLUDING FORCE REDUCING SUPPORTING SECTION

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A light source apparatus, comprising:a light source section including a contacted surface formed at a predetermined position;
a member that is attached to the light source section and in contact with the contacted surface; and
a support section configured to support the member so as to reduce a force applied to the contact surface in a predetermined direction and to reduce another force applied in a direction opposite the predetermined direction, wherein
the support section includes
a first contact surface configured to be in contact with the member and be in a first direction against the predetermined direction, and
a second contact surface configured to be in contact with the member and be in a second direction against the first direction that is opposite of the predetermined direction.

US Pat. No. 10,139,713

LIGHT SOURCE SYSTEM AND PROJECTION SYSTEM

APPOTRONICS CORPORATION L...

1. A light source system, comprising:an excitation light source for emitting an excitation light during at least first time intervals and second time intervals;
a compensation light source for emitting a compensation light during at least third time intervals, the compensation light emitted by the compensation light source being a laser light including at least one color;
a rotating color wheel disposed on light paths of both the excitation light and the compensation light, including at least a first region and a second region, the first region including at least a wavelength conversion segment carrying a wavelength conversion material, wherein during the first time intervals and the second time intervals, the first region is illuminated by the excitation light and outputs a light sequence including at least two colors, and wherein during the third time intervals, the second region transmits the compensation light;
wherein the light including the at least two colors includes at least a broad band fluorescent light generated by the wavelength conversion segment when illuminated by the excitation light, and wherein the at least one color laser light compensates for the fluorescent light or lights divided from the fluorescent light.

US Pat. No. 10,139,712

MAGNIFICATION-PURPOSE EXTERNAL OPTICAL MODULE EXTERNAL TO PORTABLE TERMINAL WITH CAMERA, AND MAGNIFICATION IMAGEING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Yo Shik Shin, Seoul (KR)...

1. An external optical module for installing at an external surface of a portable terminal that has an LED and a camera part on the external surface, the external optical module comprising:a housing wherein a first through hole being in contact with a subject is formed on a top surface of the housing, a second through hole and a third through hole that face the LED and the camera part, respectively are formed on a bottom surface of the housing, and other parts of the housing are closed;
a light guide that is a transparent panel housed in the housing and has a light entering surface exposed through the second through hole and a light emitting surface formed toward the first through hole, wherein the light guide receives and transfers light emitted from the LED through the light entering surface, emits the light through the light emitting surface, and illuminates the subject being in contact with the first through hole; and
a complex lens part that has a plurality of lens, is disposed between the first through hole and the third through hole in the housing to magnify an image reflected and entering from the subject, and transfers the magnified image to the camera part through the third through hole when installing at the portable terminal to form the magnified image of the subject with the camera part and light from the LED.

US Pat. No. 10,139,711

TELESCOPIC STABILIZER AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

1. A telescopic stabilizer, characterized in that: it comprises a handle, a telescopic device, a clamping portion, a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod and a third connecting rod, wherein the telescopic device has two ends respectively connected with the handle and a first driving mechanism used for driving the clamping portion to perform yawing movement, the first connecting rod has two ends respectively connected with the first driving mechanism and a third driving mechanism used for driving the clamping portion to perform rolling movement, the third connecting rod has two ends respectively connected with the third driving mechanism and a second driving mechanism used for driving the clamping portion to perform pitching movement, and the second driving mechanism is connected with the clamping portion by the second connecting rod,wherein the telescopic device comprises at least two telescopic rods which are inserted, sleeved and connected successively, wherein an outermost telescopic rod is fixedly connected with the handle, and an innermost telescopic rod is fixedly connected with the first driving mechanism,
two adjacent telescopic rods are connected by a stop collar, wherein one of the two adjacent telescopic rods is provided with a locking hole, the stop collar is arranged at its lower part with a protrusion which is fitted with the locking hole and capable of being engaged with the locking hole, and a lower part of the another telescopic rod is fixedly sleeved at the stop collar,
wherein each of the telescopic rods is arranged at its lower part with an arc-shaped press-on piece, and the arc-shaped press-on piece is disposed symmetrically on both sides of each telescopic rod, and
wherein the protrusion fitted with the locking hole has one end connected with a spring, during an extension of the telescopic device, the spring is in a compressed state; when the interior telescopic rod is stretched out to reach a maximal length, the protrusion is engaged with the locking hole and is exposed outside the locking hole such that the spring is in an extended state and the telescopic rod is in a fixed state, during a contraction of the telescopic device, the spring is in a compressed state, when the interior telescopic rod is drawn back to the retracted position at the end, the whole telescopic device is in a contracted state.

US Pat. No. 10,139,710

ADJUSTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

1. An adjustable electronic device support assembly comprising:a support member having an elongated top wall with a planar top side and also having a bottom side for supporting an electronic device upon the top wall and capable of taking photos, wherein the support member includes side walls depending from opposed longitudinal edges of the top wall and also includes a front end with an annular opening disposed through the top wall near the front end for taking photos therethrough using the electronic device supported upon the top wall, wherein the support member includes strips of gripping material disposed upon the top side of the top wall to prevent slipping of the electronic device supported upon the top wall.

US Pat. No. 10,139,709

CORNER-ORIENTED HIGH-DEFINITION PYLON-MOUNTED CAMERAS

Admiral Video, LLC, Lanc...

1. A pylon/camera assembly comprising:a body having a first face adjacent to a second face, and a third face adjacent to the first face and the second face, such that the first face and the second face form a first corner and the second and third face form a second corner;
a first aperture arranged at and centered about the first corner;
a second aperture arranged at and centered about the second corner;
a first camera positioned within the first aperture, the first camera facing outwardly from the body;
a second camera positioned within the second aperture, the second camera facing outwardly from the body; and,
a third camera operatively arranged to pass through the first face or the second face.

US Pat. No. 10,139,708

ADJUSTABLE CAMERA MOUNT FOR A VEHICLE WINDSHIELD

Mobileye Vision Technolog...

1. A camera mount for angular adjustment of a camera mountable inside a windshield of a vehicle, the camera mount comprising:a curved element attached to the windshield and enclosing the camera between the curved element and the windshield; and
a securing mechanism configured to secure a rear bottom point that is opposite to a front tip point on the camera to the curved element, the securing mechanism being slidable along the curved element during an adjustment of an angle of the camera relative to the front tip point, the front tip point of the camera being fixed with respect to the windshield during the adjustment of the angle of the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,139,705

ENCLOSURE DEVICE

LINCOLN GLOBAL, INC., Ci...

1. An enclosure device, said enclosure device comprising:a light source casing;
a laser positioned within the light source casing;
a flap positioned adjacent to a first end of the light source casing, wherein the flap is substantially planar in orientation;
an actuator and an actuator arm, wherein the actuator is configured to actuate the flap between a first open position and a second closed position via the actuator arm; and
a plate frame having an actuator aperture and a casing aperture,
wherein the first open position of the flap and the second closed position of the flap are substantially perpendicular to one another,
wherein the laser positioned within the light source casing is configured to measure distances when the flap is in the first open position, and
wherein the enclosure device is configured to be mounted to an arm of a robot having a weld tip for welding.

US Pat. No. 10,139,704

HIGH-SPEED ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A high-speed analog-to-digital converter, comprising:an optical amplitude modulator configured to modulate an input optical pulse train using an analog input electrical signal to produce a first modulated optical pulse train;
an optical splitter configured to split the first modulated optical pulse train into a plurality of modulated optical pulse trains;
a plurality of optical path delays configured to stagger in time the modulated optical pulse trains to form a plurality of time-staggered modulated optical pulse trains;
a plurality of demodulators configured to detect and filter the time-staggered modulated optical pulse trains to form a respective plurality of time-averaged voltages;
a plurality of analog-to-digital converters configured to output a respective plurality of digital time series representative of the respective plurality of time-averaged voltages, the analog-to-digital converters further configured to trigger simultaneously using a single timing reference derived from the input optical pulse train;
an interleaver configured to aggregate the digital time series to form a digital signal representative of the analog input electrical signal, the digital signal having a sample rate greater than a repetition rate of the input optical pulse train;
a beam splitter configured to split a clock optical pulse train from the input optical pulse train, wherein the input optical pulse train has a pulse repetition rate and the clock optical pulse train has the pulse repetition rate;
a photodetector configured to convert the clock optical pulse train to a clock electrical pulse train; and
an electrical filter configured to convert the clock electrical pulse train to the timing reference, the timing reference having at least one frequency that corresponds to the pulse repetition rate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,702

WAVELENGTH CONVERSION DEVICE

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A wavelength conversion device, comprising:an excitation source that is excited at a repetition frequency and emits an excitation light;
a laser medium that is in-place between an input mirror and an output mirror, the laser medium comprising an optic resonator, the laser medium emitting a laser beam excited by the excitation light from said excitation source;
a saturable absorber that is in-place between said input mirror and said output mirror and increases a transmittance thereof along with an absorption of the laser beam from said laser medium;
a wavelength conversion element that converts a fundamental wave of the laser light from said output mirror to a higher harmonic; and
a control element that generates a phase-matched signal to adjust the phase-matching between said fundamental wave and said higher harmonic based on an output from said wavelength conversion element and a laser output setting value and controls the laser output by outputting said phase-matched signal to said wavelength conversion element, the phase-matched signal being generated automatically without absorbing or reflecting the laser beam.

US Pat. No. 10,139,701

OPTICAL PARAMETRIC OSCILLATOR FOR GENERATING TERAHERTZ RADIATION

MICROTECH INSTRUMENTS, IN...

1. An apparatus comprising:(a) an optical resonator comprising two or more mirrors and arranged so as to support one or more resonant optical modes at a specified signal wavelength; and
(b) a nonlinear optical medium positioned within the resonator and arranged so as to provide optical parametric gain, when optically pumped with pump radiation, at a specified pump wavelength, that is substantially collinear with the one or more resonant optical modes in the nonlinear optical medium, for (i) signal radiation, at the specified signal wavelength, in the one or more resonant optical modes, and (ii) idler radiation, at a specified idler wavelength, that is substantially collinear with the one or more resonant optical modes,
(c) wherein the nonlinear optical medium is further arranged so that the specified idler wavelength corresponds to an idler frequency, which corresponds to a difference frequency between the pump wavelength and the signal wavelength, between about 0.3 THz and about 10 THz.

US Pat. No. 10,139,700

OPTICAL DEVICE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An optical device comprising:a housing part that includes an open window disposed inside the housing part;
an optical element into which light enters via the window; and
a window glass plate that blocks the window,
wherein:
the window glass plate includes a light-transmissive base material and a metal coating film provided on an outer peripheral part of the light-transmissive base material,
the window glass plate is fixed to the housing part with a solder layer provided between the metal coating film and the housing part,
the housing part includes an edge part located toward the window, and
the edge part includes an overhanging part that protrudes further than an inner peripheral-side edge part of the metal coating film in a direction toward a center part of the window.

US Pat. No. 10,139,699

ELECTRO-OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE WITH FREQUENCY CONVERSION AND MULTI-MODE OPTICAL FIBER AND RELATED METHODS

HARRIS CORPORATION, Melb...

16. A method for communicating comprising:operating a local device, a remote device, and a multi-mode optical fiber coupled between the local device and the remote device;
the local device comprising
a local spatial optical multiplexer/demultiplexer (mux/demux) coupled to the multi-mode optical fiber and having first and second local optical outputs and first and second local optical inputs,
an optical source configured to generate first and second optical carrier signals coupled to the first and second local optical outputs, respectively,
an opto-electric (O/E) converter coupled to the first and second local optical inputs, and
a local electro-optic (E/O) modulator coupled to the second local optical input;
the remote device comprising
a remote spatial optical mux/demux coupled to the multi-mode optical fiber and having first and second remote optical outputs coupled to the first and second local optical inputs, respectively, and first and second remote optical inputs coupled to the first and second local optical outputs, respectively, and
a remote E/O modulator configured to generate a modulated signal onto the first remote optical output based upon modulating the first optical carrier signal from the first remote optical input responsive to a radio frequency (RF) electrical input signal, the second remote optical input being coupled to the second remote optical output.

US Pat. No. 10,139,698

ELECTROPHORETIC DISPLAY AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An electrophoretic display (EPD), comprising: an upper substrate and a lower substrate arranged opposite to each other, and an electrophoretic medium disposed between the upper substrate and the lower substrate,wherein the EPD is provided with a plurality of pixels; each pixel includes at least two sub-pixels; colored charged particles of different colors are disposed in different sub-pixels of each pixel; and a first wall electrode and a second wall electrode are respectively disposed on two opposite sides of each sub-pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,139,697

CONNECTORS FOR SMART WINDOWS

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. An electrical connection system of an insulated glass unit comprising an electrochromic device, the electrical connection system comprising:a. a ribbon cable or tape conductor embedded in the secondary seal of the insulated glass unit and in electrical communication with the electrochromic device; and
b. an integrated circuit in electrical communication with the ribbon cable or tape conductor, the integrated circuit also embedded in the secondary seal of the insulated glass unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,696

CONNECTORS FOR SMART WINDOWS

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. An insulated glass unit comprising:two panes including an electrochromic pane with an electrochromic device thereon;
a spacer sealed between the two panes;
a secondary seal outside the spacer and between the two panes; and
an electrical connection system embedded in the secondary seal, the electrical connection system comprising multiple parallel wires for carrying power to the electrochromic device, said multiple parallel wires configured in a thin flexible format.

US Pat. No. 10,139,695

VARIABLE TRANSMITTANCE OPTICAL DEVICES

SWITCH MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A self-powered variable transmittance optical device film comprising:(a) a first and second substantially transparent substrate;
(b) a switching material flexibly disposed on at least one of the first and second substantially transparent substrates, the switching material capable of transitioning between a light state and a dark state based at least in part on application of an electric voltage;
(c) a first and second electrode both disposed on the first substantially transparent substrate, both disposed on the second substantially transparent substrate, or each disposed on one of the substantially transparent substrates;
(d) an energy-harvesting power source flexibly disposed on the device film; and
(e) an electrical system configured to receive power from the energy-harvesting power source and to provide power to the first electrode and the second electrode for application of the electric voltage, the electrical system disposed on the device film.

US Pat. No. 10,139,694

REFLECTION TYPE DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A reflection type display device, comprising:a color panel having first and second electrodes and color-varying particles of a core-shell structure between the first and second electrodes, wherein the color-varying particles are respectively disposed at first, second and third pixel regions; and
a variable light-transmitting panel over the color panel and having third and fourth electrodes and black-varying particles of a core-shell structure between the third and fourth electrodes, wherein the black-varying particles are respectively disposed at the first, second and third pixel regions.

US Pat. No. 10,139,693

SYNAPTIC ELECTRONIC DEVICES WITH ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A synaptic electronic device, comprising:a semiconductor substrate comprising;
a photoresistor disposed on a surface of the semiconductor substrate, wherein the photoresistor is confined to a single layer;
an electrochromic stack disposed directly on the photoresistor, the electrochromic stack switching between bleached and colored states when exposed to light, and the electrochromic stack consisting of a first transparent electrode layer, a cathodic electrochromic layer, a solid electrolyte layer, an anodic electrochromic layer, and a second transparent electrode layer; and
a pair of electrodes disposed directly on a top surface of the photoresistor and on opposing sides of the electrochromic stack, such that each electrode of the pair of electrodes extends continuously from a bottom surface of the electrochromic stack to a top surface of the electrochromic stack.

US Pat. No. 10,139,692

LIGHT CONTROLLING DEVICE, TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A light controlling device comprising:a first base film and a second base film;
first auxiliary electrodes arranged on one surface of the first base film facing the second base film, and patterned at a predetermined interval;
second auxiliary electrodes arranged on one surface of the second base film facing the first base film, and patterned at a predetermined interval;
a first transparent electrode arranged on the first auxiliary electrodes and including a first lower surface and a first upper surface;
a second transparent electrode arranged on the second auxiliary electrodes and including a second lower surface and a second upper surface; and
an electrochromic layer arranged between the first transparent electrode and the second transparent electrode,
wherein an entirety of the first upper surface of the first transparent electrode is planarized and the first auxiliary electrodes extend into the first lower surface of the first transparent electrode,
wherein an entirety of the second lower surface of the second transparent electrode is planarized and the second auxiliary electrodes extend into the second upper surface of the second transparent electrode,
wherein the first upper surface is closer to the second lower surface than the second upper surface, and the second lower surface is closer to the first upper surface than the first lower surface, and
wherein the first auxiliary electrodes are in contact with the first transparent electrode, and the second auxiliary electrodes are in contact with the second transparent electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,139,691

PIXEL ARRAY

E Ink Holdings Inc., Hsi...

1. A pixel array, disposed on a substrate, the pixel array comprising:a plurality of first signal lines arranged in parallel;
a plurality of second signal lines arranged in parallel and intersecting with the first signal lines to demarcate a plurality of first unit regions and a plurality of second unit regions, wherein each of the second signal lines electrically connects to one of the first signal lines, the second signal lines are arranged in different pitches, and an area of each of the second unit regions is smaller than an area of each of the first unit regions, and the first unit regions and the second unit regions are alternately arranged;
a plurality of third signal lines intersecting with the first signal lines and passing through the first unit regions, wherein each of the third signal lines is located between two adjacent ones of the plurality of second signal lines; and
a plurality of pixel structures disposed on the first unit regions, each of the pixel structures comprising an active device and a pixel electrode connecting with the active device, the active device being driven by a corresponding third signal line and connecting with a corresponding first signal line, wherein an orthographic projection of each of the pixel electrodes on the substrate is non-overlapped with or incompletely overlapped with an orthographic projection of the corresponding second signal lines on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,690

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURE METHOD THEREOF, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. An array substrate, comprising: a substrate, a common line, a separation layer, a gate line layer, a first insulation layer, a data line layer, a second insulation layer, a first transparent electrode, a third insulation layer and a second transparent electrode overlapped in sequence, wherein a first via hole is defined in the separation layer, a second via hole is defined in the first insulation layer, a third via hole and a fourth via hole are defined in the second insulation layer, the fourth via hole is communicated with the second via hole, the first transparent electrode is connected, through the first via hole, the second via hole and the fourth via hole, to the common line, a fifth via hole communicated with the third via hole is defined in the third insulation layer, the second transparent electrode penetrates the fifth via hole and the third via hole to connect with the data line layer; andwherein the gate line layer comprises a conductive block, which penetrates the first via hole to connect with the common line, and the first transparent electrode penetrates the second via hole and the fourth via hole to connect with the conductive block.

US Pat. No. 10,139,689

PIXEL STRUCTURE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

7. A liquid crystal panel comprising a pixel structure,the pixel structure comprising a data line, a pixel electrode, a gate line, and at least two thin film transistors connected in series between the pixel electrode and the data line, the at least two thin film transistors having their gates connected to the gate line,
wherein the at least two thin film transistors are thin film transistors with a same shape and size,
wherein each of the at least two thin film transistors comprises a gate which is formed of a portion of the gate line; an active layer, a source and a drain which are all formed over the portion of the gate line; and an extension direction of the portion of the gate line intersects with an extension direction of the data line;
the thin film transistors comprise a first thin film transistor and a second thin film transistor, the first thin film transistor comprises a first U-shaped source and a first I-shaped drain, and the first U-shaped source partially surrounds one end of the first I-shaped drain;
the second thin film transistor comprises a second U-shaped source and a second I-shaped drain, and the second U-shaped source partially surrounds one end of the second I-shaped drain; and
the first I-shaped drain is connected with the second U-shaped source of the second thin film transistor and is also extended from the second U-shaped source of the second thin film transistor of the second thin film transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,688

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY INCLUDING LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A liquid crystal display panel that comprises an FFS liquid crystal display panel, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate located so as to face each other; and
liquid crystals sealed between said first substrate and said second substrate, wherein
said first substrate includes
an insulating substrate,
a plurality of gate lines located on said insulating substrate, and
a plurality of source lines located so as to intersect said plurality of gate lines,
a plurality of pixels partitioned by said plurality of gate lines and said plurality of source lines include a display pixel in a display region and a dummy pixel in a dummy pixel region,
each of said plurality of pixels includes
a switching element located close to a position where each of said gate lines and each of said source lines intersect each other,
a pixel electrode connected to said switching element, and
a common electrode that is located in a layer above said pixel electrode with an insulating film between said pixel electrode and said common electrode and that drives said liquid crystals together with said pixel electrode,
an area of said display pixel per one pixel is greater than an area of said dummy pixel per one pixel,
said common electrode in said display pixel has a slit, and
a ratio of an area in which said pixel electrode and said common electrode overlap each other in said dummy pixel to an area of the pixel electrode of the dummy pixel is higher than a ratio of an area in which said pixel electrode and said common electrode overlap each other in said display pixel to an area of the pixel electrode of the display pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,139,687

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate opposed to each other with liquid crystal layer therebetween, the first substrate having drain signal lines and gate signal lines;
a TFT element connected to one of the drain signal lines and one of the gate signal lines;
a pixel electrode formed of a transparent conducting layer having a slit, the pixel electrode being connected to the TFT element;
a counter electrode formed of a planar transparent conducting layer, the counter electrode being disposed on the first substrate; and
an insulating layer interposed between the counter electrode and the pixel electrode,
wherein the counter electrode is interposed between the gate signal lines and the liquid crystal layer, the counter electrode is overlapped with the slit of the pixel electrode, the counter electrode is overlapped with the gate signal lines, and the insulating layer has a contact hole, and the pixel electrode is connected to the TFT element through the contact hole.

US Pat. No. 10,139,686

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of first signal lines and a plurality of second signal lines on the substrate, the plurality of first signal lines being arranged in parallel in a first layer and the plurality of second signal lines being also arranged in parallel in a second layer, the plurality of first signal lines being intersected with and insulated from the plurality of second signal lines;
a plurality of pixel regions each of which is defined collectively by every two adjacent first signal lines and every two adjacent second signal lines; and
common electrodes located within each respective pixel region defined by the adjacent first signal lines and the adjacent second signal lines,
wherein a plurality of first common electrode compensation lines are provided, each of which is provided within each respective pixel region which corresponds to a pixel with a lowest transmittance and is directly in physical electrically connection with a corresponding common electrode within the pixel region;
wherein the first common electrode compensation line is insulated from both the first signal lines and the second signal lines.

US Pat. No. 10,139,685

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a base substrate;
a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines disposed on the base substrate and configured to define a plurality of pixel regions;
pixel electrodes and common electrodes disposed in each pixel region and arranged in different layers; and
shielding electrodes at least formed in regions corresponding to the data lines on the base substrate, arranged in different layers from the common electrodes, and not electrically connected with the pixel electrodes and the common electrodes, wherein the shielding electrodes do not overlap the common electrodes in a direction perpendicular to the base substrate, and the shielding electrodes comprise a protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,684

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS HAVING ELECTRODES WITH OPENINGS THEREIN

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate, the first substrate including:
a data line and a scanning line arranged intersecting with each other;
a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix, each of which includes a switching element that is electrically connected to the data line and the scanning line;
a first electrode that is electrically connected to the switching element; and
a second electrode that overlaps the first electrode; and
a liquid crystal layer that is held between the first substrate and the second substrate;
wherein the liquid crystal layer is controlled by an electric field between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein the second electrode includes a plurality of openings that extend in parallel with each other,
wherein an extending direction of the openings is parallel to the data line and an alignment direction of the openings is parallel to the scanning line,
wherein each of the openings has a constant width and extends in a straight line,
wherein the openings include:
outermost openings that are positioned on an outermost side in the alignment direction in a region corresponding to a pixel, each of the outermost openings having a first width; and
middle openings that are the openings other than the outermost openings, each of the middle openings having a second width,
wherein the first width is smaller than the second width at the same corresponding position in the extending direction, and
wherein one side of the first electrode extending in the extending direction is positioned on an outer side in the alignment direction relative to one side of one of the outermost openings, which extends in the extending direction and is parallel and adjacent to the one side of the first electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,139,683

METHOD OF CUTTING LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A mother substrate assembly, comprising:a first mother substrate and a second mother substrate formed with a plurality of unit liquid crystal panels; and
a plurality of sealants formed between and combining the first mother substrate and the second mother substrate, each of the plurality of unit liquid crystal panels being enclosed by a different sealant among the plurality of sealants,
wherein a first sealant among the plurality of sealants seals liquid crystal molecules within a circumference of a first unit liquid crystal panel among the plurality of unit liquid crystal panels, the first sealant comprising:
a first irradiation line formed therein;
a second irradiation line formed therein, the second irradiation line being closer to the first unit liquid crystal panel than at least a majority of the first irradiation line;
a third irradiation line formed in the first sealant, the third irradiation line being closer to the first unit liquid crystal panel than the first irradiation line and the second irradiation line; and
an outer edge, the at least the majority of the first irradiation line and the second irradiation line being closer to the outer edge than the first unit liquid crystal panel.

US Pat. No. 10,139,682

RUBBING ALIGNMENT EQUIPMENT

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. Rubbing alignment equipment, comprising a rubbing roller, which comprises a roll shaft and rubbing cloth wound on the outer surface of the roll shaft, wherein the rubbing cloth is doped with quantum dots, the rubbing alignment equipment further comprises an excitation light source, which can excite the quantum dots to emit light to detect whether the surface of the rubbing cloth has badness or not.

US Pat. No. 10,139,681

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines, the plurality of gate lines and the plurality of data lines defining a plurality of sub-pixels arranged in an array, each of the sub-pixels being provided with a pixel electrode; and
a common electrode located over the plurality of sub-pixels and comprising a plurality of first sub-common electrodes and a plurality of second sub-common electrodes, and the plurality of first sub-common electrodes are in one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of sub-pixels;
wherein each second sub-common electrode is connected between two adjacent first sub-common electrodes which correspond to two sub-pixels respectively;
each of the first sub-common electrodes is provided with first slits therein, and the second sub-common electrode is provided with second slits therein; and there is an angle between an extension direction of the second slits and an extension direction of the first slits.

US Pat. No. 10,139,680

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY PANEL, DISPLAY PANEL, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method of manufacturing a display panel, comprising:forming an alignment film over an entire surface of an array substrate motherboard, wherein the array substrate motherboard comprises at least one array substrate provided with a pad area on each of the array substrate;
cell-assembling the array substrate motherboard with a color filter substrate motherboard to form a display panel motherboard, wherein the color filter substrate motherboard comprises at least one color filter substrate corresponding to the array substrate on the array substrate motherboard;
cutting the display panel motherboard to obtain at least one display panel, wherein the display panel comprises the array substrate and the color filter substrate, and the pad area of the array substrate is exposed from the color filter substrate; and
removing the alignment film on the pad area.

US Pat. No. 10,139,679

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising:an array substrate and an opposite substrate, which are arranged to be opposite to each other,
a polarized light source structure disposed on a side of the array substrate and capable of emitting a linearly polarized light; and
a polarization sheet disposed on the opposite substrate;
wherein the polarized light source structure comprises a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer and a quantum rod contained layer between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer; the quantum rod contained layer is configured to emit the linearly polarized light when a voltage is applied across the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer; and, a polarization direction of the linearly polarized light is parallel to an absorption axis of the polarization sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,139,677

BACKLIGHT MODULE

FUNAI ELECTRIC CO., LTD.,...

1. A backlight module comprising:at least one light source that emits light;
a light reflecting member arranged to reflect the light emitted from the light source, the light reflecting member including
a center reflecting part with a rectangular shape having two first opposite side portions and two second opposite side portions,
four peripheral reflecting parts each having a trapezoidal shape with a lower base and an upper base that is longer than the lower base, the lower bases being connected to the first and second opposite side portions of the center reflecting part, respectively, the peripheral reflecting parts extending from the first and second opposite side portions of the center reflecting part, respectively,
extension parts extending from the upper bases of the peripheral reflecting parts, respectively, with the light reflecting member being integrally formed as a one-piece, unitary member;
an optical sheet disposed on the light reflecting member; and
a cabinet including a bottom part, two first side parts and two second side parts, the first and second side parts extending frontward from peripheral portions of the bottom part, respectively, with the first and second side parts defining an interior of the cabinet therebetween and including first and second peripheral edges, respectively, that define an opening of the cabinet,
while the light reflecting member is attached to the cabinet, the center reflecting part and the peripheral reflecting parts being disposed within the interior of the cabinet, the peripheral reflecting parts being slanted with respect to the center reflecting part, respectively, and the peripheral reflecting parts extending in an opening direction of the cabinet and outward from the first and second opposite side portions of the center reflecting part, respectively,
the extension parts being supported on the first and second side parts,
the optical sheet directly contacting with the extension parts in a direction perpendicular to the center reflecting part at a location outside the interior of the cabinet on an opposite side of the opening with respect to the bottom part of the cabinet,
side end portions of an adjacent pair of the peripheral reflecting parts abutting against each other to form a corner section of the light reflecting member at a corner portion of the center reflecting part while the light reflecting member is attached to the cabinet, and
the side end portions of the adjacent pair of the peripheral reflecting parts defining an abutment interface while the light reflecting member is attached to the cabinet, the abutment interface extending from the corner portion of the center reflecting part in a direction that intersects with a diagonal of the center reflecting part that extends through the corner portion of the center reflecting part as viewed in the direction perpendicular to the center reflecting part.

US Pat. No. 10,139,676

LIGHT CONVERSION DEVICE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS COMPRISING THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A light conversion device comprising:a light source; and
a light conversion film provided on one surface of the light source,
wherein the light conversion film includes a wavelength converting material converting a wavelength of light emitted from the light source and a light transmitting polymer resin in which the wavelength converting material is dispersed, and the light conversion film is formed with two or more layers and each of the layers independently has a different maximum light emission wavelength, and
wherein the light conversion film has at least a first light conversion film having a maximum light emission wavelength from 500 nm to 550 nm and a second light conversion film having a maximum light emission wavelength from 600 nm to 660 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,139,675

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display apparatus comprising:an image display panel that displays an image thereon;
a planar light source that is disposed on a back side of the image display panel and that includes a light guide plate having an incident surface and a plurality of light sources of sidelight type lights along a side of the light guide plate, the light sources irradiating a plurality of divided areas of the image display panel through the incident surface of the light guide plate; and
a signal processor that drives the light sources individually based on input signals of the image, the input signals being calculated using predetermined lookup tables each indicating a light intensity distribution of the divided areas when respective ones of the light sources irradiate the light guide plate and light travels therethrough, thereby to control brightness of the individual divided areas,
wherein the signal processor performs image display on the image display panel using output signals obtained by lowering brightness of a dark region in the image represented by the input signals,
wherein the signal processor performs a histogram analysis on the input signals and lowers the brightness of the dark region in accordance with characteristics corresponding to a result of the histogram analysis to obtain the output signals, and
wherein, in accordance with the result of the histogram analysis, the signal processor performs image processing such that:
for a region in which brightness of an original image is equal to or higher than a certain brightness threshold, brightness of the original image is maintained; and
for a region in which brightness of the original image is lower than the certain brightness threshold, decrease in brightness after the image processing relative to decrease in brightness of the original image becomes gradually larger as the brightness of the original image decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,139,674

REFLECTIVE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

10. A reflective liquid crystal display device, comprising an upper substrate and a lower substrate that are opposite to each other, a liquid crystal layer between the upper and lower substrates, a transparent plastic layer bonded to a surface of the lower substrate that is distant from the liquid crystal layer, and a mirror-reflection layer that is attached by the transparent plastic layer to the lower substrate;wherein the transparent plastic layer comprises a transparent plastic material and transparent particles mixed in the transparent plastic material;
wherein the surface of the lower substrate is a flat surface and the transparent plastic material of the transparent plastic layer is formed as a continuous layer attached to the flat surface of the lower substrate to completely cover the entirety of the flat surface and the transparent particles are mixed in and enclosed by the transparent plastic material and are distributed over the entirety of the flat surface of the lower substrate, wherein the transparent plastic layer is sandwiched between the flat surface of the lower substrate and the mirror-reflection layer and is in direct contact with the flat surface of the lower substrate and the mirror-reflection layer, such that light transmitting through the lower substrate travels through the transparent plastic layer and reflected by the mirror-reflection layer;
wherein the transparent particles and the transparent plastic material have different reflectivity;
wherein the upper substrate is a color filter substrate; and
wherein the lower substrate is a thin-film transistor array substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,673

DISPLAY PANEL AND MOTHER SUBSTRATE FOR DISPLAY PANELS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A mother substrate for display panels, the mother substrate comprising:a base substrate which comprises a panel area comprising a display area and a non-display area, an align key area, and a surrounding area of the panel area and the align key area; and
a polarizing member disposed on a surface of the base substrate and comprising a plurality of grid patterns overlapping the display area, a reflective pattern overlapping the non-display area, and an align key overlapping the align key area,
wherein a first height from the surface of the base substrate to an upper surface of the reflective pattern is different from a second height from the surface of the base substrate to upper surfaces of the grid patterns, and a third height from the surface of the base substrate to an upper surface of the align key is equal to the first height or the second height.

US Pat. No. 10,139,672

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display, comprising:a substrate including a plurality of pixel areas, wherein the substrate has a concaved hemispherical shape;
a thin film transistor disposed on the substrate;
a pixel electrode connected with the thin film transistor and disposed on the thin film transistor;
a common electrode positioned on the pixel electrode and separated from the pixel electrode by a microcavity;
a roof layer disposed on the common electrode;
an injection hole disposed in the common electrode and the roof layer along a long-axial direction of the substrate, the injection hole configured to expose a part of the microcavity;
a liquid crystal layer configured to fill the microcavity;
a first polarizer having a polarization axis in a short-axial direction of the substrate on the roof layer;
a first adhesive layer disposed between the first polarizer and the roof layer, wherein the first adhesive layer includes a material which is deformed according to a temperature;
a second polarizer having a polarization axis in a long-axial direction of the substrate below the substrate; and
a second adhesive layer disposed between the second polarizer and the substrate, wherein the second adhesive layer includes a material which is not deformed according to the temperature,
wherein heights of edges in the long-axial and short-axial directions of the substrate are larger than a height of the center of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,671

POLARIZING PLATE WITH PRESSURE-SENSITIVE ADHESIVE LAYER

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. A polarizing plate with a pressure-sensitive adhesive layer, comprising:a polarizing plate including a polarizer and a protective film arranged on at least one side of the polarizer; and
a pressure-sensitive adhesive layer formed on at least one surface of the polarizing plate,
wherein in the surface of the polarizing plate where the pressure-sensitive adhesive layer is formed, a non-contact portion that is out of contact with the pressure-sensitive adhesive layer is formed in an end portion of the polarizing plate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,670

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel comprising an optical structure for narrow viewing angle and a display substrate for displaying an image,wherein the optical structure for narrow viewing angle comprises a first polarizing layer, a second polarizing layer and a phase difference film, so as to achieve a narrow viewing angle mode for the display panel;
wherein the first polarizing layer is arranged at one side of the display substrate, and the first polarizing layer is arranged between the second polarizing layer and the display substrate, a transmission axis direction of the first polarizing layer and a transmission axis direction of the second polarizing layer are perpendicular to each other;
the phase difference film is arranged between the first polarizing layer and the second polarizing layer, for changing a polarizing direction of light incident on the phase difference film, the phase difference film including one of a quarter wave plate and a half wave plate,
wherein the optical structure for narrow viewing angle is free of liquid crystal layer, and the display substrate is free of polarizer.

US Pat. No. 10,139,669

ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electro-optical device comprising:a pair of substrates;
first opening components that stipulate sizes and positions of opening sections of pixels in one of the pair of substrates; and
second opening components that stipulate sizes and positions of opening sections of the pixels in the other of the pair of substrates,
wherein positions of the second opening components of the other substrate are corrected with positions of the first opening components of the one substrate set as references, so as to gradually become more shifted in a direction that runs from a core of a pixel region, in which a plurality of pixels are arranged, toward an edge section of the pixel region, in accordance with separation from a core side of the pixel region.

US Pat. No. 10,139,668

CURVED SURFACE ADS DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A curved surface ADS display panel, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate facing the first substrate and having a first surface far away from the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a glass light guide plate completely adhered on the first surface of the second substrate,
wherein the glass light guide plate has a thickness of D1, and the first substrate, the liquid crystal layer, and the second substrate have a total thickness of D2, wherein |D1?D2|/D1?30%.

US Pat. No. 10,139,667

COLOR FILTER SUBSTRATE PROVIDED WITH INORGANIC COVER LAYER AND DISPLAY PANEL COMPRISING SAME

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A color filter substrate, comprising:a base substrate;
a black matrix and a pixel resin layer, both formed on the base substrate;
a planarization layer formed on the black matrix and the pixel resin layer to reduce a stage difference of the pixel resin layer; and
an inorganic cover layer formed on the planarization layer to prevent gas releasing from the pixel resin layer and the planarization layer,
wherein the inorganic cover layer is in direct contact with the planarization layer,
the inorganic cover layer consists of one or more layers selected from the group consisting of an amorphous silicon layer, a polysilicon layer, a SiNx layer, a SiO2 layer, a SiNyOz layer and a combination thereof, wherein x is 4/3 or within a range of 4/3±1/3, 3y+2z=4 or a variation from “3y+2z=4” does not exceed 20%, and
the planarization layer is made of an acrylic resin.

US Pat. No. 10,139,666

DISPLAY DEVICE ARRAY SUBSTRATE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device array substrate comprising:first and second substrates that comprise a display area and a dummy area around the periphery of the display area, and that face each other;
a color filter disposed on the first substrate;
a data line disposed between the first substrate and the color filter;
a liquid crystal layer disposed on the color filter; and
a dummy color filter disposed in the dummy area, the dummy color filter extending around the display area,
wherein the color filter comprises a first color filter and a second color filter adjacent to the first color filter,
wherein the first color filter and the second color filter overlap each other in the display area and do not overlap each other in the dummy area,
wherein the first color filter and the second color filter overlap each other on the data line,
wherein a height of the color filter from an upper surface of the data line in the display area is greater than a height of the color filter from the upper surface of the data line in the dummy area,
wherein the second color filter is spaced apart from the dummy color filter in the dummy area,
wherein a side surface of the second color filter and a side surface of the dummy color filter define a gap between the second color filter and the dummy color filter,
wherein the display device further comprises a black matrix disposed on the dummy color filter and the second color filter,
wherein the black matrix extends around a periphery of the display area in the dummy area, and
wherein the black matrix directly contacts an upper surface of the dummy color filter, an upper surface of the second color filter, the side surface of the second color filter and the side surface of the dummy color filter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,665

MULTIPLE VIEWING-FIELD DISPLAY COMPONENT, PATTERNED SHIELDING LAYER AND MULTIPLE VIEWING-FIELD DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A multiple viewing-field display component, comprising:a plurality of multiple viewing-field pixels each comprising a plurality of sub-pixels corresponding to a plurality of viewing fields, each sub-pixel having a substantially triangular shape,
wherein N triangular sub-pixels being in a one-to-one correspondence to N viewing fields form one polygon having N sides, where N is an integer greater than or equal to three.

US Pat. No. 10,139,664

PREVENTING COLOR MIXING IN LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICES

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a display portion having a right edge and a left edge, the display portion being divided into a right side and a left side by a center line, the display portion comprising:
a first substrate comprising a plurality of data lines extending in a first direction and aligned in a second direction intersecting the first direction, each of the plurality of data lines having a center along the first direction;
a second substrate aligned with the first substrate comprising a light blocking film overlapping the plurality of data lines and having a plurality of light blocking portions extending in the first direction and aligned in the second direction, each of the plurality of light blocking portions having a center along the first direction, each of the plurality of light blocking portions overlapping with an associated one of the plurality of data lines in a planar view; and
a liquid crystal layer interposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein:
the plurality of data lines include a first data line and a second data line, the first data line being closer to the center line than the second data line,
the second substrate further comprising a plurality of color filters, the plurality of color filters including at least a first color filter and a second color filter, the first color filter and the second color filter being different color from each other and arranged next to each other in different sub-pixels, wherein each of the plurality of color filters is arranged in a sub-pixel, each sub-pixel is defined by two adjacent data lines and two adjacent gate lines
a plurality of light blocking portions include a first light blocking portion and a second light blocking portion, each of the first light blocking portion and the second light blocking portion being located between the first color filter and the second color filter, and the first light blocking portion overlapping with the first data line and the second light blocking portion overlapping with the second data line, and
a relative distance between the center of the first data line and the center of the first light blocking portion is smaller than a relative distance between the center of the second data line and the center of the second light blocking portion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,663

INPUT/OUTPUT DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. An input/output device comprising:a first pixel electrode;
a second pixel electrode;
a first common electrode;
a second common electrode;
a liquid crystal;
a first insulating film;
a second insulating film; and
a transistor,
wherein the first common electrode serves as one electrode of a sensor element,
wherein the second common electrode serves as the other electrode of the sensor element,
wherein the transistor comprises a first gate, a semiconductor layer over the first gate, and a second gate over the semiconductor layer,
wherein the semiconductor layer comprises a channel formation region that comprises an oxide semiconductor,
wherein the second gate comprises an oxide conductor,
wherein the oxide conductor comprises one or more kinds of metal elements comprised in the oxide semiconductor,
wherein the first insulating film is positioned over the second gate,
wherein the first pixel electrode, the second pixel electrode, the first common electrode, and the second common electrode are positioned over the first insulating film,
wherein the first pixel electrode overlaps with the first common electrode with the second insulating film positioned between the first pixel electrode and the first common electrode,
wherein the second pixel electrode overlaps with the second common electrode with the second insulating film positioned between the second pixel electrode and the second common electrode,
wherein the liquid crystal is positioned over the first pixel electrode, the second pixel electrode, the first common electrode, and the second common electrode,
wherein the first pixel electrode and the second pixel electrode are apart from each other and are positioned on a same plane,
wherein the first common electrode and the second common electrode are apart from each other and are positioned on a same plane,
wherein the first common electrode is located under the first pixel electrode, and
wherein the second common electrode is located under the second pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,139,662

DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING A PROTECTION MEMBER

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel;
a bottom chassis dimensioned and positioned to support to the display panel;
a driving circuit board positioned below a back surface of the bottom chassis facing away from the display panel;
a protection member positioned below the driving circuit board; and
a guide member coupled to the bottom chassis and fastening the driving circuit board and the protection member to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,139,661

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel having a display area which displays an image and a non-display area positioned around the display area;
a backlight assembly which emits light towards the display panel;
a housing member which houses the backlight assembly;
a cover member having an opening portion corresponding to the display area, and which covers a portion of the display panel; and
a mold frame coupled to the housing member,
wherein the display panel is bonded to the cover member, and at least a portion of the cover member is disposed in a space between the housing member and the mold frame, to couple the cover member to the housing member and the mold frame.

US Pat. No. 10,139,660

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device comprising:a flexible display panel;
a first housing supporting a first portion of the flexible display panel;
a second housing supporting a second portion of the flexible display panel;
a first battery unit in the first housing;
a second battery unit in the second housing;
a control unit in the second housing, the control unit being configured to control the display device; and
a wiring,
wherein the first battery unit and the control unit are electrically connected with each other through the wiring,
wherein the flexible display panel comprises a bend portion between the first housing and the second housing, and the first housing and the second housing overlap with each other when the flexible display panel is folded, and
wherein the wiring is provided inside the flexible display panel or in contact with and along a surface of the flexible display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,139,659

BUFFER STRUCTURE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device comprising:a liquid crystal panel;
a backboard;
a rubber frame arranged at the backboard; and
a buffer structure arranged between the rubber frame and the liquid crystal panel;
wherein the buffer structure comprises a deformable capsule and a fluid sealed within the deformable capsule; and
wherein the fluid includes gas and liquid; the deformable capsule is a hollow semi-cylindrical structure with a cross-section of a semicircle shape; the deformable capsule comprises an internal wall and an external wall; the deformable capsule has a consistent thickness between the internal wall and the external wall at different positions; the rubber frame and the liquid crystal panel are at two opposite sides in a radial direction of the deformable capsule; the deformable capsule is in contact with both of the rubber frame and the liquid crystal panel along a longitudinal direction of the deformable capsule; and the fluid is flowable in the deformable capsule along the longitudinal direction of the deformable capsule.

US Pat. No. 10,139,658

LAYER ARRANGEMENT FOR THE REGULATION OF LIGHT TRANSMISSION

MERCK PATENT GMBH, Darms...

1. Layer arrangement (1) which changes the transmission of incident light depending on its temperature, where the layer arrangement (1) has a first polarization layer (5a), a switching layer (2) which influences the polarization properties of light depending on the temperature, and a second polarization layer (5b),wherein both the first polarization layer (5a) and the second polarization layer (5b) are arranged to affect polarization both in the VIS region and in the NIR region,
wherein the first polarization layer (5a) comprises a VIS region affecting polarization layer (3a) and a NIR region affecting polarization layer (4a),
wherein the second polarization layer (5b) combines VIS region polarizing properties and NIR region polarizing properties in one polarizing layer which comprises a dichroic dye dispersed in a material providing orientation (8),
wherein the switching layer (2) is arranged to switch between a transparent state in a first temperature range and a dark state in a second temperature range, and
wherein, in the dark state, the switching layer is in an isotropic state and, in the transparent state, the switching layer is a twisted nematic liquid crystalline layer.

US Pat. No. 10,139,657

TRANSFER PLATE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A transfer plate configured to print an aligning agent onto a liquid crystal cell substrate which includes a liquid crystal display region, the transfer plate comprising:a base film; and
a dot array arranged on the base film and comprising a plurality of dots,
wherein the base film includes an active region corresponding to the liquid crystal display region and a non-active region surrounding the active region, and
the dot array at the active region is of a first dot angle, and the dot array at the non-active region is of a second dot angle less than the first dot angle,
each straight line connecting two adjacent dots in the dot array in the active region refers to a first straight line, each straight line connecting two adjacent dots in the dot array in the non-active region refers to a second straight line, and each first straight line intersects with and is not parallel to each second straight line, and
wherein the aligning agent, for forming a liquid crystal alignment film in the liquid crystal display region, is adsorbed between the plurality of dots.

US Pat. No. 10,139,656

ALIGNMENT FILM DETECTING DEVICE AND ALIGNMENT FILM DETECTING METHOD

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An alignment film detecting device realized by a computer for detecting alignment grooves formed on an alignment film of a substrate, the alignment film detecting device comprising:an imaging circuit configured to obtain a grey scale stripe image of the alignment grooves on the alignment film of the substrate; and
an image processing circuit configured to determine whether there is a defect in the alignment grooves on the alignment film through measuring depth values or width values of respective alignment grooves on the alignment film of the substrate by conducting an identification process on the grey scale stripe image based on the grey scale stripe image, and connected to the imaging circuit,
wherein the imaging circuit comprises:
a ray source configured to generate rays that are to be transmitted through the substrate comprising the alignment film; and
a receiving circuit arranged to be opposite to a position of the ray source relative to the substrate, and configured to receive the rays having been transmitted through the substrate and generate a grey scale stripe image, wherein the grey scale stripe image comprises first grey scale image regions corresponding to the alignment grooves on the alignment film and second grey scale image regions corresponding to portions between every two neighboring ones of the alignment grooves, and the first grey scale image regions and the second grey scale image regions are arranged alternately.

US Pat. No. 10,139,655

METHOD FOR AN OPTICAL MODULATOR USING THE SPIN HALL EFFECT IN METALS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of modulating the linear polarization of a light source, comprising:illuminating a central area of a spin Hall material with a light source to produce light arriving at the spin Hall material from a propagation direction that is not orthogonal to a plane of the spin Hall material and having an initial linear polarization, such that reflected light is cast from an outer surface of the spin Hall material, while simultaneously passing a modulated electric current through the spin Hall material in a direction perpendicular to the propagation direction, and
receiving the reflected light to assess its linear polarization,
wherein the reflected light has a new linear polarization that differs from the initial linear polarization to a degree depending on the amplitude of the modulated electric current, and
wherein the spin Hall material is selected from the group consisting of W film, Ta film, Pt film, Bi doped Cu film, IrMn film, Hf doped Pt film, and multiple layers of these films.

US Pat. No. 10,139,654

OPTICAL APPARATUS THAT REDUCES DRIVING NOISED BY ADJUSTING LIGHT TRANSMISSIVITY AND CAMERA SYSTEM

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An optical apparatus configured to guide light from an object to an image pickup element, the optical apparatus comprising:a first light amount adjustment unit configured to change transmissivity of the light from the object by change in physical property thereof; and
a first driving circuit configured to be able to output a first signal to the first light amount adjustment unit,
wherein the optical apparatus is an adapter mountable between an interchangeable lens and a camera main body including the image pickup element or the interchangeable lens mountable to the camera main body, the interchangeable lens including a second light amount adjustment unit configured to mechanically change an area through which the light from the object passes and a second driving circuit configured to be able to output a second signal to the second light amount adjustment unit,
wherein, before a recording in a moving image mode is started, the transmissivity of the first light amount adjustment unit is adjusted to a maximum and the second light amount adjustment unit is driven to adjust the amount of the light from the object entering the image pickup element by the second driving circuit, and
wherein, after the recording in the moving image mode is started, the first light amount adjustment unit is driven to adjust an amount of the light from the object entering the image pickup element by the first driving circuit, while the second light amount adjustment unit is prevented from being driven by not outputting the second signal to the second light amount adjustment unit from the second driving circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,653

CONVEX DISPLAY

GIANTPLUS TECHNOLOGY CO.,...

1. A convex display, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate;
a display medium disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a color filter layer disposed on the first substrate;
an optical film disposed on the first substrate and located farther away from the display medium than the color filter layer, the optical film comprising:
a base material; and
a plurality of optical microstructures embedded in the base material respectively, wherein a refractive index of each of the plurality of optical microstructures is larger than a refractive index of the base material, and at least a part of the plurality of optical microstructures are not parallel to each other; and
an active device layer disposed on the first substrate or the second substrate, wherein the first substrate has a first convex surface, the first substrate is disposed between the optical film and the color filter layer, the optical film is disposed on the first convex surface of the first substrate; the first convex surface has a first vertex and has a first edge and a second edge respectively located at two opposite sides of the first vertex, and the plurality of optical microstructures comprise:
a plurality of first optical microstructures, located between the first edge and the first vertex and inclined from the first edge toward the first vertex; and
a plurality of second optical microstructures, located between the second edge and the first vertex and inclined from the second edge toward the first vertex, a light emitted from the display medium is refracted by the plurality of first optical microstructures and the plurality of second optical microstructures.

US Pat. No. 10,139,652

EYELUMINATORS

1. An improved pair of glasses comprising:a main frame including:
a top bar portion;
wherein said top bar portion is adapted to be positioned above and across a pair of eyes of a user;
two rim portions;
wherein said two rim portions are attached to a bottom portion of said top bar portion, are spaced from one another, and are adapted to surround respective eyes of said pair of eyes of said user;
a bridge portion;
wherein said bridge portion is connected between edge portions of said two rim portions, and is adapted to rest upon a nose of said user;
two temple portions;
wherein each of said two temple portions includes an earpiece portion on a distal end thereof adapted to be placed around a respective ear of a user;
wherein said two temple portions are respectively attached at proximal ends thereof to edge portions of respective said two rim portions;
two lens members;
wherein said two lens members are respectively placed within and releasably connected to said two rim portions and adapted to cover said respective eyes of said pair of eyes of said user;
at least one light member;
wherein said at least one light member is attached to a top portion of said top bar portion and adapted to shine light in a forward direction of said user;
at least one power source;
wherein said at least one power source is attached to said main frame and electrically connected to and adapted to power said at least one light member; and
a power switch member;
wherein said power switch member is attached to one of said two temple portions, is electrically connected to and between said power source and said at least one light member, and is adapted to allow a user to turn on and off said at least one light member.

US Pat. No. 10,139,651

OPHTHALMIC DEVICE FORMED BY ADDITIVE FABRICATION AND METHOD THEREOF

Additive Ophthalmic Optic...

1. An ophthalmic device comprising an ophthalmic lens consisting of a plurality of lamina, at least two of the plurality of lamina defining an optical surface of the ophthalmic lens, each of the plurality of lamina having a thickness of less than 10 microns, wherein each of the plurality of lamina is built of a multitude of particulates having a dimension of less than 10 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,139,650

ONE PIECE EYEWEAR WITH CONCEALED HINGES

1. A one piece eyewear, which comprises:a lens frame, the lens frame having a first lateral side, a second lateral side disposed opposite the first lateral side, a front surface and a back surface disposed opposite the front surface;
a first temple bar, the first temple bar having a first axial end, a second axial end situated opposite the first axial end, an inner surface and an outer surface situated opposite the inner surface, the first temple bar being situated in proximity to the first lateral side of the lens frame;
a second temple bar, the second temple bar having a first axial end, a second axial end situated opposite the first axial end, an inner surface and an outer surface situated opposite the inner surface, the second temple bar being situated in proximity to the second lateral side of the lens frame;
a first concealed hinge, the first concealed hinge being interposed between and directly connected to the first temple bar and the lens frame, the first concealed hinge having a first end, a second end situated opposite the first end and a resiliently deformable portion therebetween, the first end of the first concealed hinge being directly connected to the back surface of the lens frame and the second end of the first concealed hinge being directly connected to the inner surface of the first temple bar; and
a second concealed hinge, the second concealed hinge being interposed between and directly connected to the second temple bar and the lens frame, the second concealed hinge having a first end, a second end situated opposite the first end and a resiliently deformable portion therebetween, the first end of the second concealed hinge being directly connected to the back surface of the lens frame and the second end of the second concealed hinge being directly connected to the inner surface of the second temple bar;
wherein the lens frame, the first temple bar, the second temple bar, the first concealed hinge and the second concealed hinge are integrally formed as a single unitary piece;
wherein the lens frame generally resides in a plane;
wherein each of the first temple bar and the second temple bar is hinged inwardly and outwardly pivotable relative to the plane in which the lens frame generally resides between a first position and a second position, wherein in the first position the first temple bar and the second temple bar are generally perpendicular to the plane in which the lens frame resides, wherein in the second position the first temple bar and the second temple bar are closest to the lens frame, and wherein the second position corresponds to a closed position and the first position corresponds to an open wearing position;
wherein the first temple bar includes a first extended portion situated at the first axial end thereof;
wherein the second temple bar includes a second extended portion situated at the first axial end thereof;
wherein the first end of the first concealed hinge and the back surface of the lens frame define a first recess in proximity to the first lateral side of the lens frame into which the first extended portion of the first temple bar is at least partially received when the first temple bar is situated in the first position, the first extended portion, when at least partially received by the first recess, conceals from view from the outer surface of the first temple bar the first concealed hinge when the first temple bar is situated in the first position;
wherein the first end of the second concealed hinge and the back surface of the lens frame define a second recess in proximity to the second lateral side of the lens frame into which the second extended portion of the second temple bar is at least partially received when the second temple bar is situated in the first position, the second extended portion, when at least partially received by the second recess, conceals from view from the outer surface of the second temple bar the second concealed hinge when the second temple bar is situated in the first position; and
wherein the resiliently deformable portion of each of the first concealed hinge and the second concealed hinge is resiliently deformed so that it is capable of multiple pivots without degradation when the eyewear is in at least one of the first position and the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,649

EYEWEAR RETENTION DEVICE

CABLZ, INC., Birmingham,...

1. An eyewear retention device comprising:(a) two temple retainers, each having an opening for receiving an eyeglass temple, and
(b) a cable, each end of the cable being secured to one of the temple retainers, such that when each said opening is attached to the end of an eyeglass temple and the eyeglasses are worn over the ears of a wearer, the cable does not rest upon the wearer's head and forms an arc suspended off the neck or shoulders wherein said cable rotates with respect to at least one of said temple retainers.

US Pat. No. 10,139,648

LENS BARREL

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A lens barrel, comprising:a first frame body including a groove formed along a direction substantially parallel to an optical axis on an inner circumferential surface;
a second frame body configured to be engaged by the first frame body;
a support frame configured to be supported by the second frame body and move with respect to the second frame body within a first plane for image blur correction in an imaging enabled state, the first plane being perpendicular to an optical axis, the support frame having a protrusion protruding outwardly in a radial direction; and
a retracting lens frame configured to be supported by the support frame and move around a retraction shaft during a transition period between an imaging enabled state and a housed state, the retraction shaft being substantially parallel to the optical axis,
the second frame body, the support frame, and the retracting lens frame are configured to move in the optical axis direction with respect to the first frame body during the transition period between the imaging enabled state and the housed state, and
the protrusion comes into contact with the groove and restricts a movable range of the support frame in the first plane so that the movable range of the support frame in the transition period is narrower than the movable range in the imaging enabled state, and the protrusion engages the groove to restrict a movement of the support frame within a second plane that is parallel to the first plane, during the transition period between the imaging enabled state and the housed state,
the first plane is a plane in the imaging enabled state,
the second plane is a plane in the transition period between the imaging enabled state and the housed state,
the first plane and the second plane are located at a distance from each other or include a single plane located at a distance away from the first frame body in the optical direction,
the groove includes a first groove having a first width and a second groove having a second width which is smaller than the first width in a circumferential direction, and
the protrusion comes into contact with the first groove to make the movable range of the support frame to be narrower, and the protrusion comes into engagement with the second groove to restrict the movable range of the support frame, during the transition period between the imaging enabled state and the housed state.

US Pat. No. 10,139,645

TILTED DICHROIC POLARIZING BEAMSPLITTER

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A tilted polarizing beam splitter, comprising:a first prism comprising a first diagonal face;
a second prism comprising a second diagonal face;
and a plurality of spaced apart reflective polarizers stacked between and bonded to each other and the first and second diagonal faces and comprising:
a first reflective polarizer configured to reflect a first polarization state of a first color light, transmit an orthogonal second polarization state of the first color light, and transmit the first polarization state of second and third colors;
a second reflective polarizer configured to reflect the first polarization station of the second color light, transmit the second polarization state of the second color light, and transmit the first polarization state of the third color; and
a third reflective polarizer configured to reflect the first polarization station of the third color light and transmit the second polarization state of the third color light,
wherein at least one of the first, second and third reflective polarizers is titled with respect to the other two.

US Pat. No. 10,139,644

HEAD MOUNTED PROJECTION DISPLAY WITH MULTILAYER BEAM SPLITTER AND COLOR CORRECTION

Tilt Five, Inc

1. A head-mounted projection display, comprising:an image source having a circular polarization;
a polarizing beam splitter to direct output images to a retroreflective screen and transmit returning reflected retroreflective images for viewing by a user;
an optically retarding film formed on the surface of said polarizing beam splitter facing said retroreflective screen, to adjust the polarization of the output images to reduce loss of brightness when reflected from said beam splitter to said retroreflective screen and further to reduce loss of brightness of received retroreflected images as said images pass through said beam splitter to be viewed by said user, wherein said image source projects upon said optically retarding film on said surface of said polarizing beam splitter configuring an optical path passing through said optically retarding film three times in total.

US Pat. No. 10,139,643

OLED DISPLAY HAVING SUB-PIXEL STRUCTURE THAT SUPPORTS 2D AND 3D IMAGE DISPLAY MODES

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display device comprising:an organic light emitting panel including a plurality of sub-pixels in which each of the plurality of sub-pixels includes a main organic light emitting diode (OLED) which emits light in a two-dimensional (2D) mode and a three-dimensional (3D) mode and an auxiliary OLED which emits light in only the 2D mode, wherein the auxiliary OLED and the main OLED both emit a same color of light;
a panel driver configured to drive the organic light emitting panel;
a driver provided in an intersection area between a gate line and a data line, and configured to include a plurality of transistors in each of the plurality of sub-pixels; and
a patterned retarder bonded to the organic light emitting panel, and configured to change polarizing characteristics of a left image and a right image which are output from the organic light emitting panel,
wherein the driver overlaps the main OLED and the auxiliary OLED and includes a driving transistor for driving the main OLED and the auxiliary OLED, and
wherein the main OLED and the auxiliary OLED are formed in a top emission type where the light is output to an outside through a cathode,
wherein the main OLED comprises a main anode, a light emitting material part formed on the main anode, and the cathode formed on the light emitting material part,
wherein the auxiliary OLED comprises an auxiliary anode electrically isolated from the main anode by a switch, and the auxiliary anode shares both the light emitting material part and the cathode with the main OLED,
wherein the plurality of sub-pixels are separated from each other by a bank and the main anode and the auxiliary anode within each of the plurality of sub-pixels are separated from each other by a portion of the light emitting material part disposed therebetween that does not overlap with the bank, and
wherein one end of the switch is connected between the main anode and the driving transistor, and another end of the switch is connected to the auxiliary anode of the auxiliary OLED, and the switch electrically connects or disconnects the main anode and the auxiliary anode according to a control signal transferred from the panel driver and activated during the 2D mode.

US Pat. No. 10,139,640

OPTICAL DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An optical device comprising:a light guide plate configured to guide light within a plane parallel to an emission surface; and
a plurality of light focusing portions to which the light guide plate guides directional light,
wherein each of the light focusing portions is provided with an optical surface configured to create, from the directional light incident thereon, emission light in a direction substantially converging on a single convergence point or convergence line in a space, or to create emission light that substantially diverges from a single convergence point of convergence line in a space and exits from the emission surface,
wherein the plurality of light focusing portions are provided near the emission surface of the light guide plate, and each of the plurality of light focusing portions is formed along a predetermined line within a plane parallel to the emission surface, and
wherein the convergence point or convergence line is mutually different between the plurality of light focusing portions, with a grouping of the plurality of convergence points or convergence lines forming an image in a space.

US Pat. No. 10,139,639

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, comprising: a curved substrate having a first curvature, and a curved grating layer corresponding to the curved substrate and having a second curvature,wherein, light that is emitted into the display panel is converged by means of the curved substrate having the first curvature and the curved grating layer corresponding to the substrate and having the second curvature, so as to reduce crosstalk between view images;
wherein, the curved substrate includes a plurality of sub-pixel sets arranged repeatedly, and, the curved grating layer includes a plurality of grating structures arranged repeatedly, wherein each of the plurality of grating structures corresponds to a respective one of the plurality of sub-pixel sets;
the curved grating layer is a lenticular grating or an electronic liquid crystal lens configured such that a minimum distance between the curved substrate and the curved grating layer is equal to a focal length for the grating structure.

US Pat. No. 10,139,638

COMMON APERTURE OPTICAL SYSTEM AND SELECTIVE IMAGING METHOD

WAVEFRONT RESEARCH, INC.,...

1. An optical system, comprising:a number of optical imaging subsystems configured to transmit and direct electromagnetic radiation
a number of optical sub-systems optically disposed to receive the electromagnetic radiation from the optical imaging subsystems; each optical sub-system from the number of optical sub-systems comprising a sensor; wherein an imager is a subsystem configured to transmit and direct light; and
a beam splitting device disposed at an optical path between the number of optical imaging subsystems and the number of optical sub-systems, wherein the beam splitting device is optically disposed to receive the electromagnetic radiation from one optical imaging subsystem from the number of the optical imaging subsystems and separate the received electromagnetic radiation into a number of portions, each separated portion of the received electromagnetic radiation being directed to one optical sub-system from the number of optical sub-systems;
wherein the beam splitting device comprises a first beam splitter and a second beam splitter, the first and second beam splitters being configured to be movable such that one of the first and second beam splitters replaces another one of the first and second beam splitters at the optical path between the number of optical imaging subsystems and the number of optical sub-systems in order to reconfigure the optical path;
wherein said optical system is configurable such that when said first beam splitter is located at the optical path between said number of optical imaging subsystems and said number of optical sub-systems, light from a first optical imaging subsystem in said number of optical imaging subsystems is substantially transmitted to said number of optical sub-systems, and light from the remaining optical imaging subsystems in said number of optical imaging subsystems is substantially blocked from said number of optical sub-systems; and
wherein said optical system is also configurable such that when said second beam splitter is located at the optical path between said number of optical imaging subsystems and said number of optical sub-systems, light from a second optical imaging subsystem in said number of optical imaging subsystems is substantially transmitted to said number of optical sub-systems, and light from the remaining optical imaging subsystems in said number of optical imaging subsystems is substantially blocked from said number of optical sub-systems.

US Pat. No. 10,139,637

INTEGRATED MOBILE DEVICE PACKAGING AND VIRTUAL REALITY HEADSET

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. An apparatus comprising:a container that is both a shipping container for a mobile electronic device and a virtual reality headset, the container including:
a base portion that is open on a first side;
a first lens and a second lens disposed within a second side of the base portion;
a ledge disposed around at least a portion of an interior perimeter of the base portion, the ledge being configured to physically support an electronic device inserted from the first side of the base portion;
a lid portion that is open on a first side and closed on a second side; and
a hinge coupling the base portion with the lid portion,
the base portion, the lid portion and the hinge being configured such that the base portion and the lid portion are hingeably moveable, relative to one another, between an open position and a closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,636

METHODS FOR AUGMENTED REALITY

Essilor International, C...

1. A method to determine a value of a virtual distance of visualization by a wearer of computer-generated information content displayed by a head-mounted display device, wherein said method comprises the steps of:(i) determining a value of comfort amplitude of accommodation of the wearer by first determining a maximal amplitude of accommodation at a punctum proximum defining the closest visible point for the wearer, comprising:
computing said value of comfort amplitude of accommodation based upon an age of the wearer, or
performing one or more measurements of said value of comfort amplitude of accommodation, by first providing as a measured distance a maximal amplitude of accommodation at a punctum proximum defining the closest visible point for the wearer;
(ii) assessing the wearer's accommodative facility under dynamic test conditions, by switching between a visualization of a first display and a visualization of a second display by the same wearer's eye, wherein the second display is situated within the wearer's comfort amplitude of accommodation, comprising:
(ii-a) setting a first value of visualization distance of the first display;
(ii-b) setting a second value of visualization distance of the second display situated within the wearer's comfort amplitude of accommodation; and
(ii-c) assessing the wearer's ability to accommodate during switching for the same wearer's eye between the visualization of the first display situated at a distance having the first value, and the visualization of the second display situated at distance having the second value; and
(iii) determining a suitable value of the virtual distance based on the results of steps (i) and (ii).

US Pat. No. 10,139,633

EYEBOX EXPANSION AND EXIT PUPIL REPLICATION IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAY HAVING INTEGRATED EYE TRACKING AND LASER PROJECTION

THALMIC LABS INC., Kitch...

1. A wearable heads-up display (“WHUD”) comprising:a support frame that in use is worn on a head of a user;
a laser module carried by the support frame, the laser module including an infrared laser diode to output an infrared light and at least one visible light laser diode to output a visible light;
a scan mirror carried by the support frame and aligned with an output of the laser module to receive both the infrared light and the visible light output by the laser module, the scan mirror to controllably reflect both the infrared light and the visible light;
an optical splitter aligned to:
receive both the infrared light and the visible light from the scan mirror;
transmit the infrared light therethrough without influencing the infrared light; and
separate the visible light into angle-separated copies;
a wavelength-multiplexed holographic optical element (“HOE”) carried by the support frame and positioned within a field of view of at least one eye of the user when the support frame is worn on the head of the user, the wavelength-multiplexed HOE aligned to receive both the infrared light and the angle-separated copies of the visible light from the optical splitter and to redirect both the infrared light and the angle-separated copies of the visible light towards the at least one eye of the user when the support frame is worn on the head of the user, wherein the wavelength-multiplexed-HOE includes a first hologram that is responsive to the angle-separated copies of the visible light and unresponsive to the infrared light and a second hologram that is responsive to the infrared light and unresponsive to the angle-separated copies of the visible light, and wherein the wavelength-multiplexed HOE is substantially transparent to environmental light; and
an infrared detector carried by the support frame and aligned to receive at least a portion of infrared light reflected from the at least one eye of the user when the support frame is worn on the head of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,139,631

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF 1:1 MATCHING HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY VIEW TO HEAD MOVEMENT THAT CONTROLS ARTICULATED CAMERA

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An apparatus comprising:a head mounted display configured to be worn by a user;
a head position tracker configured to track a position of the user's head, and generate a corresponding head position signal;
a camera position controller configured to detect a change in the position of the user's head from a current head position to a new head position and, based at least in part on detecting the change, to communicate a command to a movable support for a camera to a next camera position, the next camera position being aligned with the new head position;
a data storage configured to store a surface map, the surface map including a population of past views of respective portions of an environment and, for each past view, information identifying its viewing position;
an image assembly module, coupled to the data storage, and configured to
determine, based on the next camera position, a next camera viewing region, the next camera viewing region being a region of an environment that will be in a camera field of the camera when in the next camera position,
receive a camera image frame from the camera, the camera image frame including an indication of camera position,
determine, based at least in part on the indicated camera position, whether the image frame covers all of the next camera viewing region, and
upon determining the camera image frame does not cover all of the next camera viewing region, generate an assembled image frame that encompasses the next camera viewing region, the assembled image frame including image data from at least one of the past views; and
a rendering module configured to render a 3D image from the assembled image frame, the 3D image appearing as if viewed from the next camera position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,630

IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE WITH OPTICAL SYSTEMS TO GUIDE LIGHT TO A PUPIL

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An image display device comprising:a light source optical system which emits a light;
a mirror which reflects the light which is emitted from the light source optical system;
a light scanning device which scans the light which is reflected by the mirror to use the light as image light;
a pupil magnifying optical system which magnifies a beam diameter of the light which is emitted from the light scanning device;
a correcting optical system on which the light which is emitted from the pupil magnifying optical system is incident and which corrects shape and aberration of the image light; and
a deflecting optical system which deflects the light which is emitted from the correcting optical system to guide the light to a position of an exit pupil and transmits a portion of external light,
wherein a cross-sectional shape of the pupil magnifying optical system is a trapezoid, and
wherein the pupil magnifying optical system is disposed in an orientation such that of two sides which are disposed parallel to each other in the trapezoid, a short side is positioned at a side which is close to the exit pupil, and a long side is positioned at a side which is distant from the exit pupil.

US Pat. No. 10,139,629

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VIDEO IMAGE REGISTRATION AND/OR PROVIDING SUPPLEMENTAL DATA IN A HEADS UP DISPLAY

Science Applications Inte...

1. A method of processing video, comprising:receiving a first video signal from a first video source;
receiving a second video signal from a second video source;
identifying a region of a first image from the first video source with a region of a second image from the second video source;
comparing data associated with the identified region of the first image and data associated with the identified region of the second image;
selecting, based on the comparing, a part of the first image and a part of the second image that represent a related portion of the external environment; and
displaying at least a portion of the first image and the selected part of the second image such that the selected part of the second image replaces the selected part of the first image and is in registration with a region of the first image surrounding the selected part of the first image.

US Pat. No. 10,139,628

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. A head-mounted display, comprising:a transparent display, adapted to emit an image light beam;
a first liquid crystal lens, disposed beside the transparent display; and
a second liquid crystal lens, wherein the transparent display is disposed between the first liquid crystal lens and the second liquid crystal lens, and the second liquid crystal lens is adapted to receive an ambient light beam, wherein the image light beam passes through the first liquid crystal lens by a phase changing of the first liquid crystal lens, and then the image light beam passes through a pupil, and wherein the ambient light beam passes through the second liquid crystal lens by the phase changing of the second liquid crystal lens of the head-mounted display, and then the ambient light beam sequentially passes through the transparent display, the first liquid crystal lens and the pupil,
and wherein a displayed image corresponding to the image light beam is adapted to be adjusted according to a dioptric value of the first liquid crystal lens by the phase changing of the first liquid crystal lens, and an image of the outside world corresponding to ambient light beam is adapted to be adjusted according to a dioptric value of the second liquid crystal lens by the phase changing of the second liquid crystal lens.

US Pat. No. 10,139,627

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY SYSTEM AND COMPONENTS

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A display system comprising:a contact lens having a first region and a second region adjacent the first region;
an eyewear lens having an inner surface facing the contact lens and having an outer surface opposite the inner surface; and
an illuminator configured to produce an imaged light output directed toward the inner surface of the eyewear lens,
wherein the eyewear lens is disposed proximate the contact lens and proximate the illuminator such that a first imaged light ray produced by the illuminator is incident on the inner surface and is reflected by the eyewear lens to the first region, the first region is configured to transmit the first imaged light ray, the second region is configured to reflect or absorb a second imaged light ray produced by the illuminator and reflected from the eyewear lens, the eyewear lens is configured to transmit an ambient light ray incident on the outer surface to the second region, and the second region is configured to transmit the ambient light ray.

US Pat. No. 10,139,626

IMAGING OPTICAL SYSTEM AS WELL AS DISPLAY DEVICE WITH SUCH AN IMAGING OPTICAL SYSTEM

tooz technologies GmbH, ...

1. An imaging optical system for a display device that can be fitted on the head of a user and generate a virtual image, the system comprising:an optical element, comprising an entry surface and a spectacle lens, the spectacle lens comprising a coupling-out section,
wherein the imaging optical system is configured to guide generated image being generated by an image-generating module that is fed to the optical element via the entry surface in the optical element, and to couple the generated image from the optical element into the spectacle lens, in which the generated image is guided to the coupling-out section and coupled out via the coupling-out section to generate the virtual image,
wherein the optical element comprises, in addition to the entry surface, at least one reflecting surface on which the generated image is reflected for guiding in the optical element, and
wherein the optical element and the spectacle lens are formed together as a one-piece optical part,
wherein the entry surface is both transmissive and reflective, the entry surface being transmissive such that the entry surface couples the generated image into the optical element, and the entry surface being reflective such that the entry surface reflects the generated image in the optical element.

US Pat. No. 10,139,625

SLIDING FRAME

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A head-wearable frame, comprising:an outer u-shaped frame member of a first stiffness having formed thereon one of a channel or an element receivable in said channel, the outer u-shaped frame member having a first outer-member tip-to-tip opening dimension;
an inner flexible u-shaped frame member with a second stiffness different than that of said first stiffness, having the other of said channel or element receivable in said channel formed thereon, the inner flexible u-shaped frame member having a first inner-member tip-to-tip opening dimension;
said inner and outer frame members being joined together in a sliding engagement with said element received in said channel, said inner flexible u-shaped frame member being movable relative to said outer u-shaped frame member to adjust stiffness of the head-wearable frame; and
a single fixation device operable for a singular fixation action that engages both (a) the outer u-shaped frame member in an adjusted position in which the outer u-shaped frame member has a second outer-member tip-to-tip opening dimension that is different from the first outer-member tip-to-tip opening dimension, and (b) the inner flexible u-shaped frame member in an adjusted position in which the inner flexible u-shaped frame member has a second inner-member tip-to-tip opening dimension that is different from the first inner-member tip-to-tip opening dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,139,624

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY, CONTROL DEVICE, AND CONTROL METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A head mounted display, comprising:a main body;
a fixing element that supports the main body on a head of a wearer; and
circuitry configured to:
control a display unit to display an image to the wearer; and
notify, information that the wearer is in a visually recognizing state to a person other than the wearer, by a plurality of light emitting elements of the head mounted display,
wherein the plurality of light emitting elements include a plurality of lamps, and
wherein the information is notified based on at least one of a number of the plurality of lamps or an amount of light emitted from each of the plurality of lamps.

US Pat. No. 10,139,623

VIRTUAL OBJECT ORIENTATION AND VISUALIZATION

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method for rendering a shared virtual object in a see-through head mounted display, comprising:receiving object location data and consumption data for the shared virtual object, the object location data including at least an object geographic location respective to a global coordinate system, and the consumption data including a sole consumption position and a sole consumption orientation for consuming the shared virtual object with respect to a local coordinate system of a consumption device;
displaying a virtual marker associated with the shared virtual object at a marker position corresponding to the object geographic location at least when the consumption device is distal from and pointed in a direction of the object geographic location, the marker position being the sole geographic location from which the shared virtual object may be viewed;
determining a geographic location of the consumption device relative to the marker position;
determining a consumption device position and a consumption device orientation in the local coordinate system; and
outputting the shared virtual object on the consumption device in response to the consumption device position and the consumption device orientation respectively matching the sole consumption position and the sole consumption orientation, and in response to the geographic location of the consumption device matching the marker position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,622

HEAD-UP DISPLAY DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A head-up display device mounted on a moving body that projects an image on a projection member to virtually display the image to be visible to a passenger, comprising:a projector that projects display light;
a reflector mirror that reflects the display light from the projector toward the projection member;
a stepper motor that outputs rotation;
a reduction gear mechanism formed of a plurality of gears, the reduction gear mechanism reducing the rotation which is output from the stepper motor and transmitted to the reflector mirror; and
a controller that, based on a control instruction from the passenger, calculates a control step angle that controls the rotation of the stepper motor, wherein
the controller includes
a determiner that determines whether an output direction of the rotation to be output from the stepper motor according to the control instruction at this determination is the same direction or the opposite direction as a direction of the rotation to be output from the stepper motor according to the control instruction at the last determination, and
a reverse direction adder that
defines a reference step angle as a step angle that the stepper motor rotates by in accordance with a determination of the same direction by the determiner, and
when the determiner determines the opposite direction, adds a reverse step angle of the opposite direction to the control step angle, the reverse step angle of the opposite direction being equal to or greater than a sum of the reference step angle and a backlash angle of the reduction gear mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,139,621

MOTION TRANSFER MECHANISM FOR A COMBINER HEADS UP DISPLAY INCLUDING DOUBLE LOCKING PIN

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A motion transfer mechanism, comprising:at least one linkage member having a first configuration and a second configuration;
an actuator for controlling the movement of the at least one linkage member between the first configuration and the second configuration;
a bracket pivotally connected to the at least one linkage member;
and
a mechanical stop integrally formed with the bracket;
a housing, the at least one linkage member, the bracket and the actuator being located in the housing;
a display device connected to the bracket;
wherein the display device is in a stowed position when the at least one linkage member is in the first configuration, and the display device is in a deployed configuration when the at least one linkage member is in the second configuration;
wherein the mechanical stop is in contact with the at least one linkage member when the linkage member is in the first configuration and the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,139,620

HEAD-UP DISPLAY

NIPPON SEIKI CO., LTD., ...

1. A head-up display of directing image light of a display image which is displayed on a display surface to a transmission reflection surface to thereby cause a viewer to visually recognize a virtual image of the display image,the display surface having:
a first display surface to emit first image light, which is disposed so that an optical path length of the first image light leading up to the viewer is large; and
a second display surface to emit second image light, which is disposed so that an optical path length of the second image light leading up to the viewer is smaller than the optical path length of the first image light,
the head-up display comprising:
a first concave reflector to reflect the first image light and the second image light, having a concave reflection surface; and
a second concave reflector to reflect towards the transmission reflection surface the first image light and the second image light that have been reflected by the first concave reflector,
wherein the first concave reflector crosses the first image light and the second image light to each other in a vertical direction between the first concave reflector and the second concave reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,139,619

BACK SIDE ILLUMINATION IMAGE SENSOR WITH NON-PLANAR OPTICAL INTERFACE

OPTIZ, INC., Palo Alto, ...

1. An image sensor comprising:a substrate having front and back surfaces;
a plurality of photo detectors formed adjacent the front surface and disposed in a single plane;
a plurality of contact pads at the front surface and electrically coupled to the photo detectors;
a plurality of light manipulation components disposed on a portion of the back surface;
wherein the photo detectors are configured to generate electrical signals in response to light incident through the light manipulation components and through the portion of the back surface;
wherein the portion of the back surface has a curved convex or curved concave shape such that an amount of the substrate between the back surface and photo detectors adjacent a center of the plurality of photo detectors is different than an amount of the substrate between the back surface and photo detectors adjacent a periphery of the plurality of photo detectors.

US Pat. No. 10,139,618

MULTI-MIRROR ARRAY

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A multi-mirror array, comprising:a multiplicity of displaceable mirror elements, each mirror element comprising a reflection area;
a multiplicity of actuators configured to displace the mirror elements; and
a multiplicity of passive electrical damping mechanisms configured to damp disturbances of displacement positions of the mirror elements,
wherein:
to displace one of the mirror elements, each actuator comprises an actuator electrode configured so that an actuation signal can be applied thereto via a signal line;
each damping mechanism is connected in series with an actuator electrode;
the damping mechanisms comprise at least mechanism selected from the group consisting of antiparallel-connected diodes, switched capacitor structures and transistor circuits; and
at least one of the following conditions holds:
i) each damping mechanism comprises structures having an area of at most 10% of the reflection area of the associated mirror element;
ii) the multi-mirror array further comprises a low-pass filter having a cut-off frequency of 1000 Hz and a damping of at least 25 dB starting from a frequency of 10 kHz in an actuator path; and
iii) the damping mechanisms are variably adjustable, and each damping mechanism comprises structures having an area of at most 10% of the reflection area of the associated mirror element;
iv) the multi-mirror array further comprises a low-pass filter having a cut-off frequency of 1000 Hz and a damping of at least 25 dB starting from a frequency of 10 kHz in an actuator path, wherein the damping mechanisms are variably adjustable; and
v) the multi-mirror array further comprises a low-pass filter having a cut-off frequency of 1000 Hz and a damping of at least 25 dB starting from a frequency of 10 kHz in an actuator path, wherein each damping mechanism comprises on-ASIC structures.

US Pat. No. 10,139,617

REACTION COMPENSATED STEERABLE PLATFORM

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A reaction compensated steerable platform device, comprising:a base;
a steerable platform movably coupled to the base;
a reaction mass movably coupled to the base;
a primary actuator to cause movement of the steerable platform;
a trim actuator coupled to the reaction mass and the base; and
a sensor coupled to the base and configured to be disposed between the base and a support structure for the reaction compensated steerable platform device, the sensor being operable to provide feedback for actuation of the trim actuator,
wherein the reaction mass is configured to move by actuation independent of the trim actuator to compensate for a first portion of a load induced by the movement of the steerable platform, and
wherein actuation of the trim actuator is controlled by the sensor, such that the reaction mass moves to compensate for a second portion of the load induced by the movement of the steerable platform.

US Pat. No. 10,139,616

DISPLAY ELEMENT WITH OPTICAL STRUCTURE

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A display element comprising:a configurable medium configurable using an applied voltage to provide a display effect;
a first support plate comprising:
a first support plate surface in contact with the configurable medium, and
an electrode for use in application of the applied voltage to the configurable medium;
a second support plate; and
an optical structure comprising:
a first side of the optical structure;
a second side of the optical structure;
a first absorbent element absorbent for light of a given wavelength;
a second absorbent element absorbent for light of the given wavelength;
a third absorbent element absorbent for light of the given wavelength;
a first transmissive region between the first absorbent element and the third absorbent element, a width of the first transmissive region corresponding to a spacing between the first absorbent element and the third absorbent element; and
a transmissive layer transmissive to light of the given wavelength and located between the first absorbent element and the second absorbent element, the first absorbent element located between the first side and the transmissive layer, and the second absorbent element located between the second side and the transmissive layer, the transmissive layer having a first transmissive layer side and a second transmissive layer side, the first absorbent element and the third absorbent element located at the first transmissive layer side, and the second absorbent element located at the second transmissive layer side.

US Pat. No. 10,139,615

LONG-RANGE OPTICAL DEVICE WITH A HOUSING AND A SUPPORT MEANS

Swarovski-Optik KG., (AT...

1. A binoculars, comprising a housing and support means, wherein between the housing and the support means at least one mount is formed for mechanical connection, wherein the at least one mount comprises an interface for electrical or electronic connection between the housing and the support means.

US Pat. No. 10,139,614

MICROSCOPE SYSTEM AND MICROSCOPY METHOD USING DIGITAL MARKERS

CARL ZEISS MEDITEC AG, J...

1. A microscope system comprising:a microscope for generating a microscopic image of an area of observation to be studied;
a camera for recording image-based information on the area of observation to be studied and for generating a digital image of the area of observation to be studied;
a storage and evaluation unit connected to the microscope and the camera for detecting parameter settings of the microscope associated with image information,
a display for rendering visible the digital image of the area of observation to be studied, and
an input device connected to the storage and evaluation unit and to the display, the input device configured to embed digital markers for marking observed objects in the digital image when the digital image is displayed on the display,
wherein the storage and evaluation unit is designed to select and store information on each digital marker to associate the digital marker with a position of the observed object in the area of observation and in the digital image of the area of observation at a later point in time, the digital marker is embedded at a location in the digital image characterized by the image information, and
wherein the storage and evaluation unit is configured to evaluate the area of observation periodically by image processing algorithms and synchronize the position of the digital markers to the position of the observed object in an event of changes in the observed object in the area of observation or in an event of movement of the microscope,
wherein the storage and evaluation unit is configured to analyze the image information contained in the digital image in the vicinity of a respective marker describe the image information with respect to characteristic features, associate the characteristic features with the respective marker and store the association such that it is retrievable;
wherein the storage and evaluation unit is designed to detect the parameter settings of zoom and focus of the microscope, and
the storage and evaluation unit is embodied such that the position of the marker in the area of observation can be associated again at a later point in time with the position of the originally marked observed object in the area of observation and the position of the marker and hence of the marked observed object in the area of observation can be followed over time, and
the storage and evaluation unit is designed to analyze image information in the vicinity of the respective digital marker with the aid of feature descriptors and describe it on the basis of characteristic features.

US Pat. No. 10,139,613

DIGITAL MICROSCOPE AND METHOD OF SENSING AN IMAGE OF A TISSUE SAMPLE

SAKURA FINETEK U.S.A., IN...

1. A method comprising:sensing an image at a first magnification of one or less of a portion of a tissue sample on a substrate with a sensor;
without storing the sensed image,
displaying at least a portion of the sensed image on a display at a sensor to display pixel ratio greater than one to one;
in response to user input, performing each of the following:
electronically modifying the sensor to display pixel ratio at which the sensed image is displayed on the display at the first magnification, and
when the sensor to display ratio reaches a threshold at the first magnification, automatically sensing a view of an area of the portion of the tissue sample at a second magnification in response to an attempt to modify the sensor to display pixel ratio beyond the threshold ratio; and
performing at least one of the following:
refreshing the at least a portion of the sensed image that is displayed at a computer controlled rate, and
storing the at least a portion of the sensed image that is displayed.

US Pat. No. 10,139,612

IMAGE-CAPTURING DEVICE WITH A MOVING DEVICE FOR A DIGITAL MICROSCOPE, AND DIGITAL MICROSCOPE

CARL ZEISS MICROSCOPY GMB...

1. An image-capturing device for a digital microscope, comprisinga camera sensor,
an optical unit for imaging a sample in an image plane on the camera sensor, wherein the optical unit comprises at least one lens group which is mounted so as to be movable perpendicularly with respect to an optical axis,
a moving device with a first drive for a relative movement of at least one part of the at least one lens group and thus of the imaging of the sample on the camera sensor parallel to the image plane,
a second drive, wherein the second drive is coupled to the moving device via a second flexure bearing formed in the moving device,
wherein the first drive is coupled to the at least one lens group via a first flexure bearing formed in the moving device,
wherein the first flexure bearing is formed in a monolithic base body, in a radially central area of which a movable part of the at least one lens group is mounted in a lens opening, and in a radially peripheral actuator area of which a contact surface for the first drive is provided, and
wherein the monolithic base body is a two-axis system, of which a central platform forms a lens mount, and in a periphery of which the first and second drives are mounted, and wherein the first and second flexure bearings are formed between the central platform and the periphery, and contact surfaces for the first and second drives are provided in the periphery.

US Pat. No. 10,139,611

METHOD FOR HIGH-RESOLUTION 3D-LOCALIZATION MICROSCOPY

Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmb...

1. A method for high-resolution 3D-localization microscopy of a sample comprising fluorescence emitters, in which the fluorescence emitters in the sample are excited to emit fluorescent radiation and the sample is displayed with spatial resolution in wide-field microscopy, said excitation being caused such that in reference to the spatial resolution at least some fluorescence emitters are isolated, and in a localization analysis a three-dimensional localization is determined, which includes in a depth direction of a display a z-coordinate and a x-coordinate as well as a y-coordinate orthogonal in reference thereto for each isolated fluorescence emitter, showing a precision exceeding the spatial resolution, comprising:determining localization imprecision, which states an imprecision of the localization, namely at least regarding its z-coordinate as a function of the z-coordinate and a number of photons collected during imaging in the wide-field microscopy, and
determining said localization imprecision for each localized fluorescence emitter by accessing table of localization imprecision for the localization determined during the localization analysis, with the localization imprecision in said table being determined by way of simulation comprising the following steps:
a) simulating an image for an ideal, dot-shaped fluorescence emitter for the predetermined number of photons emitted by the fluorescence emitters for the image, for an average number of photons,
b) modifying said simulated image with a pixel confusion function to form an expanded image, with the pixel confusion function dependent on a predetermined localization of the fluorescence emitter,
c) modifying the expanded image in consideration of statistic noise influences to form a noisy, expanded image, with the statistic noise influences being dependent on the number of photons,
d) subjecting the expanded image to a localization analysis, in order to obtain a simulated localization from the noisy, expanded image, and
e) repeating steps b) through d) several times for various values of the statistic noise influences, a spread of the several simulated localizations obtained here, or a spread of differences between these several simulated localizations and a predetermined localization, is determined, and from said spread the imprecision of the predetermined localization is determined.

US Pat. No. 10,139,610

BROADBAND CATADIOPTRIC MICROSCOPE OBJECTIVE WITH SMALL CENTRAL OBSCURATION

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An objective having an optical axis and comprising:an afocal optical relay unit;
a lens group having positive refractive optical power;
a catadioptric group including
a primary front-surface concave mirror having a first substrate with a concave front surface and a rear surface facing the lens group, the concave front surface carrying a reflective coating thereon,
wherein said reflective coating has an opening, said opening being coaxial with the optical axis,
and
a secondary rear-surface mirror having a second substrate, a rear surface of said secondary rear-surface mirror facing away from the concave front surface, a front surface of said secondary rear-surface mirror facing the concave front surface,
wherein a focal point of the lens group is located between said primary front-surface mirror and said secondary rear-surface mirror,
wherein geometry of the objective satisfies a condition of 1 wherein L is a distance separating the rear surface of the primary front-surface concave mirror from the focal point defined at a wavelength of 500 nanometers and D is a center thickness of the primary front-surface concave mirror;
wherein the lens group further includes a positive lens unit disposed between the afocal optical relay unit and the primary front-surface concave mirror, the positive lens unit having a focal length of Ff at said wavelength;
wherein the catadioptric group has a focal length of Fc at said wavelength; and
wherein 1.6

US Pat. No. 10,139,609

DUAL MAGNIFICATION APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR EXAMINING A SINGLE OBJECTIVE IN A SCANNING OPTICAL MICROSCOPE USING TWO WAVELENGTHS OF LIGHT

The United States of Amer...

1. A dual magnification system comprising:a first lens assembly comprising a first plurality of optical doublets and a first dichroic optical assembly, wherein the first dichroic optical assembly reflects a first wavelength of light and is transmissive to a second wavelength of light;
a second lens assembly comprising a second plurality of optical doublets and a first plurality of reflecting elements;
a third lens assembly comprising a third plurality of doublets and a second plurality of reflecting elements; and
a fourth lens assembly comprising a second dichroic optical assembly, wherein the second dichroic optical assembly reflects the second wavelength of light and is transmissive to the first wavelength of light;
wherein a first optical path follows the first plurality of optical doublets, the first dichroic optical assembly, the second plurality of optical doublets, the first plurality of reflecting elements, and the second dichroic optical assembly;
wherein a second optical path follows the first plurality of optical doublets, the first dichroic optical assembly, the second plurality of reflecting elements, the second plurality of optical doublets, and the second dichroic optical assembly;
wherein the first optical path is configured to magnify light to a first magnification level;
wherein the second optical path is configured to magnify light to a second magnification level, wherein the second magnification level is higher than the first magnification level;
wherein a first plurality of light comprising a first wavelength of light follows the first optical path;
wherein a second plurality of light comprising a second wavelength of light follows the second optical path;
wherein the first plurality of light exits the second dichroic optical assembly and is directed towards a first target area, wherein adjusting the first plurality of reflecting elements shifts the first target area;
wherein the second plurality of light exits the second dichroic optical assembly is directed towards a second target area, wherein the second target area is within the first target area, wherein adjusting the second plurality of reflecting elements shifts the second target area.

US Pat. No. 10,139,608

SELECTIVE PLANE ILLUMINATION MICROSCOPY (SPIM) SYSTEMS AND METHODS

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A selective plane illumination microscopy system for capturing light emitted by an illuminated specimen, the system comprising:a specimen stage having a top surface adapted to support a specimen holder and an opening adapted to provide access to a bottom of the holder; and
a selective plane illumination microscopy optical system positioned beneath the stage, the optical system configured to illuminate the specimen with a sheet of excitation light and including an excitation objective, a detection objective, and an open-top, hollow prism that is adapted to contain a liquid, wherein the prism is positioned within the opening of the stage and optical axes of the objectives are aligned with the prism such that the axes pass through the prism and intersect at a position near the top surface of the specimen stage.

US Pat. No. 10,139,607

LIGHTWEIGHT 3D STEREOSCOPIC SURGICAL MICROSCOPE

Visionnaire Medtech Co., ...

1. A lightweight 3D stereoscopic surgical microscope having:a body having
a wheel seat having a top;
a housing securely mounted on the top of the wheel seat and having a top side; and
a host computer mounted in the housing and having a program processing interface;
a robot set connected to the body, electrically connected to the host computer, and having
a base securely mounted on the top side of the housing above the wheel seat and having a top end;
a transversal lever rotatably mounted around the top end of the base to transversally move relative to the base, and having a mounting end opposite to the base;
a lifting arm pivotally connected to the mounting end of the transversal lever, and having
a pivot end pivotally connected to the mounting end of the transversal lever; and
a connecting end opposite to the mounting end of the transversal lever; and
a rotating arm rotatably connected to the connecting end of the lifting arm, and having
a top end rotatably connected to the connecting end of the lifting arm; and
a bottom end;
an image set connected to the robot set, electrically connected to the body, and having
an outer casing securely mounted on the bottom end of the rotating arm and having
a bottom side; and
an outer side;
at least one objective lens mounted in the outer casing and facing the bottom side of the outer casing;
a main display screen securely mounted on the outer side of the outer casing and electrically connected to the host computer of the body; and
an auxiliary display screen electrically connected to the host computer beside the body; and
an operating set connected to the robot set, electrically connected to the body and the image set, and having two operating bars securely mounted on the rotating arm beside the main display screen of the image set.

US Pat. No. 10,139,606

ZOOM LENS FOR FORMING HIGH-DEFINITION IMAGE AND IMAGE PROJECTION APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A zoom lens comprising:in order from an enlargement conjugate side to a reduction conjugate side,
a first lens unit having a negative refractive power;
a second lens unit having a positive refractive power;
a third lens unit having a positive refractive power;
a fourth lens unit having a positive refractive power;
a fifth lens unit having a negative refractive power;
a sixth lens unit having a negative refractive power; and
a seventh lens unit having a positive refractive power,
wherein when zooming from a wide-angle end to a telephoto end, the second lens unit, the third lens unit, the fourth lens unit, the fifth lens unit, and the sixth lens unit are configured to move from the reduction conjugate side to the enlargement conjugate side while a space between lens units adjacent to each other changes, and
wherein a conditional expression below is satisfied:
2.3<|f1|/fw<4.0,
where fw is a focal length of the zoom lens at the wide-angle end and f1 is a focal length of the first lens unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,605

ZOOM LENS AND IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS USING THE SAME

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A zoom lens comprising in order from an object side:a first lens unit having a positive refractive power;
a second lens unit having a negative refractive power; and
a third lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein
the third lens unit having a positive refractive power comprises in order from the object side,
a first lens component having a positive refractive power,
a second lens component having a negative refractive power in which, a lens having a positive refractive power and a lens having a negative refractive power are cemented, and
a third lens component, and
the zoom lens satisfies the following conditional expressions (2a), (4), (8), and (11)
nd3_2p?nd3_2n??0.1  (2a)
?d3G/ft<0.42  (4)
2<|f3/fw|<4  (8)
0.3<(?2t/?2w)/(?3t/?3w)<0.7  (11)
where,
nd3_2p denotes a refractive index for a d-line of the lens having a positive refractive power, in the second lens component having a negative refractive power, in the third lens unit having a positive refractive power,
nd3_2n denotes a refractive index for the d-line of the lens having a negative refractive power, in the second lens component having a negative refractive power, in the third lens unit having a positive refractive power,
?d3G denotes a total length (not including an aperture) of the third lens unit,
ft denotes a focal length at a telephoto end of the overall zoom lens system,
f3 denotes a focal length of the third lens unit,
fw denotes a focal length at a wide angle end of an overall zoom lens system,
?2t denotes a lateral magnification at a telephoto end of the second lens unit,
?2w denotes a lateral magnification at a wide angle end of the second lens unit,
?3t denotes a lateral magnification at the telephoto end of the third lens unit, and
?3w denotes a lateral magnification at the wide angle end of the third lens unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,604

COMPACT ANAMORPHIC OBJECTIVE LENS ASSEMBLY

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. An objective lens assembly comprising:a first anamorphic lens group including at least a first cylindrical lens having a surface optically powered in a first dimension, a second cylindrical lens having a surface optically powered in a second dimension substantially orthogonal to the first dimension, and a fifth cylindrical lens having a surface optically powered in the first dimension, the first anamorphic lens group being positioned to receive visible light along an optical path extending therethrough, and the second cylindrical lens being interposed between the first cylindrical lens and the fifth cylindrical lens along the optical path;
a second anamorphic lens group positioned along the optical path to receive the visible light from the first anamorphic lens group, the second anamorphic lens group including at least a third cylindrical lens having a surface optically powered in the first dimension and a fourth cylindrical lens having a surface optically powered in the second dimension; and
an aperture stop centered about the optical path in a vertical direction relative to the optical path and interposed between the first anamorphic lens group and the second anamorphic lens group.

US Pat. No. 10,139,603

COMPACT OPTICAL IMAGE CAPTURING SYSTEM

ABILITY OPTO-ELECTRONICS ...

1. An optical image capturing system, in order along an optical axis from an object side to an image side, comprising:a first lens having refractive power;
a second lens having refractive power;
a third lens having refractive power;
a fourth lens having refractive power;
a fifth lens having refractive power;
a first image plane, which is an image plane specifically for visible light and perpendicular to the optical axis; a through-focus modulation transfer rate (value of MTF) at a first spatial frequency having a maximum value at central field of view of the first image plane; and
a second image plane, which is an image plane specifically for infrared light and perpendicular to the optical axis; the through-focus modulation transfer rate (value of MTF) at the first spatial frequency having a maximum value at central of field of view of the second image plane;
wherein the optical image capturing system consists of the five lenses with refractive power; at least one lens among the first lens to the fifth lens is made of plastic; at least one lens among the first lens to the fifth lens has positive refractive power; each lens among the first lens to the fifth lens has an object-side surface, which faces the object side, and an image-side surface, which faces the image side;
wherein the optical image capturing system satisfies:
1.0?f/HEP?10.0;
0 deg |FS|?60 ?m;
where f1, f2, f3, f4, and f5 are focal lengths of the first lens to the fifth lens, respectively; f is a focal length of the optical image capturing system; HEP is an entrance pupil diameter of the optical image capturing system; HOS is a distance between an object-side surface of the first lens and the first image plane on the optical axis; HOI is a maximum image height on the first image plane perpendicular to the optical axis; InTL is a distance in parallel with the optical axis from the object-side surface of the first lens to the image-side surface of the fifth lens; HAF is a half of a maximum view angle of the optical image capturing system; FS is a distance on the optical axis between the first image plane and the second image plane.

US Pat. No. 10,139,602

OPTICAL IMAGE CAPTURING SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE

ABILITY OPTO-ELECTRONICS ...

1. An optical image capturing system, in order along an optical axis from an object side to an image side, comprising:a first lens having refractive power;
a second lens having refractive power;
a third lens having refractive power;
a fourth lens having refractive power;
a fifth lens having refractive power;
a first image plane, which is an image plane specifically for visible light and perpendicular to the optical axis; a through-focus modulation transfer rate (value of MTF) at a first spatial frequency having a maximum value at central field of view of the first image plane; and
a second image plane, which is an image plane specifically for infrared light and perpendicular to the optical axis; the through-focus modulation transfer rate (value of MTF) at the first spatial frequency having a maximum value at central of field of view of the second image plane;
wherein the optical image capturing system consists of the five lenses with refractive power; at least one lens among the first lens to the fifth lens has positive refractive power; each lens among the first lens to the fifth lens has an object-side surface, which faces the object side, and an image-side surface, which faces the image side;
wherein the optical image capturing system satisfies:
1.0?f/HEP?10.0;
0 deg |FS|?60 ?m;
where f1, f2, f3, f4, and f5 are focal lengths of the first lens to the fifth lens, respectively; f is a focal length of the optical image capturing system; HEP is an entrance pupil diameter of the optical image capturing system; HOS is a distance between an object-side surface of the first lens and the first image plane on the optical axis; HOI is a maximum image height on the first image plane perpendicular to the optical axis; InTL is a distance in parallel with the optical axis from the object-side surface of the first lens to the image-side surface of the fifth lens; HAF is a half of a maximum view angle of the optical image capturing system; FS is a distance on the optical axis between the first image plane and the second image plane; wherein at least one lens among the first lens to the fifth lens is made of glass.