1. A compound having general formula (1):
wherein G is oxygen, aliphatic, methylene, carbonyl, amine, silylene, phosphine, phosphine oxide, sulfur, sulfonyl, or a combination thereof;
R1 and R2 are independently a hydrogen, an aliphatic moiety, or fluorine, with the proviso that if one of R1 and R2 is aliphatic, CF3, or fluoro, then the other is hydrogen;
R3 is independently H, or a substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic moiety, substituted or unsubstituted aryl moiety, a substituted or unsubstituted amine, halo, thioether, ether, or any combination thereof, and the R3 of one triazolyl ring can be joined to the R3 of the other triazolyl ring; and
R4 is optionally further substituted, and is a non-aromatic carbocycle or heterocycle, an aryl group (which includes a heteroaryl) that is attached as a fused ring or as a substituent, a hydroxy group, nitro, amino, halo, BR2, B(aryl)2, aryl-B(aryl)2, NR2, OR, a nitrile group, C(halo)3, and R, where R is a substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic group having 1-24 carbon atoms which may be straight, branched or cyclic H, a substituted or unsubstituted aliphatic moiety, halo, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl moiety, or any combination thereof.