US Pat. No. 10,340,871

COMPACT BYPASS AND DECOUPLING STRUCTURE FOR MILLIMETER-WAVE CIRCUITS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A radio frequency integrated circuit, comprising:a grounded substrate;
a mid-metal ground plane;
a bypass capacitor disposed between the grounded substrate and the mid-metal ground plane, the bypass capacitor configured to close a current loop in the radio frequency integrated circuit; and
a decoupling inductor disposed over the mid-metal ground plane, the decoupling inductor configured to provide damping in a supply network associated with the radio frequency integrated circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,869

ADJUSTING DYNAMIC RANGE OF AN AUDIO SIGNAL BASED ON ONE OR MORE DYNAMIC EQUALIZATION AND/OR DYNAMIC RANGE CONTROL PARAMETERS

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

2. An apparatus for decoding audio signals, comprising:one or more processors;
memory configured to store instructions, which when executed by the one or more processors, cause the processors to perform operations comprising:
receiving, by a decoding device, encoded audio information and metadata associated with an audio signal, the metadata including one or more dynamic range control (DRC) parameters, and one or more dynamic equalization parameters; and
modifying, by the decoding device, the audio information using the one or more DRC parameter values to adjust the dynamic range of the audio signal in accordance with the dynamic equalization parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,340,868

AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT INCLUDING FIRST INPUT BRANCH CIRCUIT, SECOND INPUT BRANCH CIRCUIT, FEEDBACK CAPACITOR, AND OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER AND PULSE-WAVE MEASURING DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An amplifier circuit comprising:a first input branch circuit including a first sampling capacitor that, in operation, samples an input voltage in a first time period and outputs a first voltage;
a second input branch circuit including a second sampling capacitor, an averaging capacitor, and a subtraction capacitor, the second sampling capacitor, in operation, sampling the input voltage in the first time period and outputting a second voltage, the averaging capacitor, in operation, taking an average of the second voltage in the second time period and outputting a third voltage, the subtraction capacitor, in operation, receiving the third voltage in the first time period, the subtraction capacitor, in operation, subtracting the first voltage from the third voltage and outputting a fourth voltage in the second time period;
a feedback capacitor; and
an operational amplifier that is connected to the feedback capacitor and, in operation, amplifies the fourth voltage,
wherein the first time period and the second time period are repeated alternately.

US Pat. No. 10,340,864

TRANSMITTER CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION THEREOF

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A method for controlling the operation mode of a transmitter circuit, the method comprising:detecting a state of a message field within a data message to be sent by the transmitter circuit indicating a bit rate to be used for transmission by the transmitter circuit;
switching the mode of operation of the transmitter circuit from a first data transmission mode to a second data transmission mode using a switching signal;
wherein a terminating resistor is coupled between a first transmission line and a second transmission line and wherein the first transmission line and the second transmission line form a pair of conductors for differential signaling;
wherein, when the switching signal indicates the switching mode of operation is the first data transmission mode, a first circuit configured to transmit data is used, the first circuit being configured to provide a first transmission value of the differential signaling by applying a potential between a first conductor that is coupled to a first transmission line and a second conductor that is coupled to the second transmission line, wherein the potential is determined by the terminating resistor coupled between the first transmission line and the second transmission line, and a second transmission value of the differential signaling by applying a first reference potential to the first conductor and a second reference potential, which is different from the first reference potential, to the second conductor; and
wherein, when the switching signal indicates the switching mode of operation is the second data transmission mode, a second circuit configured to transmit data is used, the second circuit being configured to provide the first transmission value of the differential signaling by applying a third reference potential to the first conductor and a fourth reference potential to the second conductor, and the second transmission value of the differential signaling by applying the fourth reference potential to the first conductor and the third reference potential to the second conductor; wherein a logic gate is configured to output a second output signal to control the second circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,858

LINEARIZED DISTRIBUTED AMPLIFIER ARCHITECTURE

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. A distributed amplifier (DA) comprising:a first plurality of inductive elements coupled in series between an output termination input and a DA output to form a first plurality of connection nodes, such that each of the first plurality of connection nodes is coupled to a corresponding adjacent pair of the first plurality of inductive elements;
a second plurality of inductive elements coupled in series between a DA input and an input termination input to form a second plurality of connection nodes, such that each of the second plurality of connection nodes is coupled to a corresponding adjacent pair of the second plurality of inductive elements; and
a plurality of amplifier cells, such that each of the plurality of amplifier cells comprises:
a main transistor having a first current output terminal coupled to a fixed voltage node, a first current input terminal, and a first control terminal;
a cascode transistor having a second current output terminal coupled to the first current input terminal, a second current input terminal coupled to a corresponding one of the first plurality of connection nodes, and a second control terminal configured to bias the cascode transistor;
an input transistor having a third current output terminal coupled to the first control terminal of the main transistor, a third control terminal coupled to a corresponding one of the second plurality of connection nodes, and a third current input terminal configured to bias the input transistor; and
current source circuitry coupled between the third current output terminal and a DA bias terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,854

SELECTING BETWEEN BOOSTED SUPPLY AND BATTERY SUPPLY

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An envelope tracking power supply, comprising:a linear amplifier having an output coupled to a power supply node of an amplifier, wherein a power supply node of the linear amplifier is coupled to a first voltage supply node over a first path;
a switch mode power supply (SMPS) having an output coupled to the power supply node of the amplifier; and
a circuit having a first switch coupled to the first voltage supply node and a second switch coupled to a second voltage supply node, wherein a power supply node of the SMPS is coupled to the first switch and the second switch at an output of the circuit over a second path, the first path being separate from the second path, and the output of the SMPS being separate from the second path.

US Pat. No. 10,340,844

HIGH-PERFORMANCE PLANAR SOLAR CONCENTRATORS BASED ON NANOPARTICLE DOPING

WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSI...

1. A light scattering-based solar concentrator (LSSC) for photovoltaic (PV) applications, comprising:a plurality of solar cells;
dielectric oxide nanoparticles (NPs) having a refractive index greater than 2.0 dispersed in a binder formed as a waveguide attached to the plurality of solar cells,
wherein the NPs are confined to a central scattering layer sandwiched between non-scattering layers within the waveguide and said non-scattering layers do not contain NPs,
said LSSC having at least one layer of nanostructure combining anti-reflective and light trapping on a surface toward an inside of the waveguide to reduce photon surface loss, and
one or more reflectors are attached to one or more surfaces of the waveguide to reflect transmitted light,
wherein the LSSC has a device concentration ratio C>1 and a device power conversion efficiency (?SC) from 5.26% to 7.58%, where C is the device concentration ratio, which is the ratio between output electrical power from the solar concentrator (PSC) and the output electrical power of the solar cells (Pcell) under the same incident condition as defined by the following equation:
where G is device geometric gain and is defined as the ratio between ASC and Acell, where ASC is top surface area of the device and Acell is the area of the solar cells, P is device optical efficiency defined as the ratio between the device power conversion efficiency (?SC) and the cell conversion efficiency (?cell), and Hin is the incident power density.

US Pat. No. 10,340,840

OSCILLATION BRAKE FOR SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM

SolarCity Corporation, S...

1. A solar-tracking photovoltaic array, comprising:a torque tube having a first end and a second end opposite the first end;
a plurality of photovoltaic modules coupled with and distributed along the torque tube;
a locking mechanism coupled with and configured to prevent movement of the first end of the torque tube; and
an orientation motor coupled with the second end of the torque tube,
wherein the locking mechanism releases the first end of the torque tube during actuation of the orientation motor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,839

DYNAMIC DAMPING SYSTEM FOR SOLAR TRACKERS

SolarCity Corporation, S...

1. A solar-tracking photovoltaic array, comprising:a torque tube having a first end and a second end opposite the first end;
a plurality of photovoltaic modules supported by the torque tube;
an orientation motor mechanically coupled to the torque tube and configured to rotate the torque tube in a manner that keeps the plurality of photovoltaic modules oriented towards the sun;
a sensor configured to provide data corresponding to angular rotation of the second end of the torque tube;
a controller that in response to receiving data from the sensor indicative of oscillations of the torque tube commands the orientation motor to move the torque tube to dampen the oscillations.

US Pat. No. 10,340,836

INTERLOCK SYSTEM FOR MOUNTING AND JOINING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES

SolarCity Corporation, S...

1. An assembly for mounting photovoltaic (PV) modules, the assembly comprising:a bracket comprising two openings, and a slot positioned between the two openings, wherein the two openings are configured to receive interlock couplings to attach at least two adjacent PV modules together to the bracket; and
a support coupling member attached to the bracket, the support coupling member comprising a housing and a coupling shaft extending from a surface of the housing,
wherein the coupling shaft is positioned in the slot directly attaching the support coupling member to the bracket,
wherein the housing is configured to be directly attached to a supporting foot, and
wherein the support coupling member is configured to attach to the bracket by first inserting the shaft of the support coupling member through the slot at a first angle relative to the bracket and then lock the support coupling member to the bracket by rotating the entire support coupling member to a second angle relative to the bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,340,831

WIND POWER GENERATOR VIBRATION INHIBITION METHOD AND DEVICE

8. A vibration suppression device of a wind power generator, comprising:a calculation module, configured to calculate a specified value of a flux-weakening control parameter of the generator based on a preset value of an electromagnetic active power of the generator and a frequency of the generator; and
a control module, configured to control the generator based on the specified value of the flux-weakening control parameter of the generator,
wherein:
the flux-weakening control parameter includes a specified value of a direct-axis current of the generator and a specified value of a quadrature-axis current of the generator;
the calculation module is further configured to calculate the specified value of the direct-axis current of the generator and the specified value of the quadrature-axis current of the generator based on the preset value of the electromagnetic active power of the generator and the frequency of the generator; and
the control module is further configured to perform a current vector control on the generator based on the specified value of the direct-axis current of the generator and the specified value of the quadrature-axis current of the generator, or
wherein:
the flux-weakening control parameter includes a specified value of a flux linkage of the generator and a specified value of an electromagnetic torque of the generator;
the calculation module is further configured to obtain the specified value of the flux linkage of the generator and the specified value of the electromagnetic torque of the generator based on the preset value of the electromagnetic active power of the generator and the frequency of the generator; and
the control module is further configured to perform a direct torque control on the generator based on the specified value of the flux linkage of the generator and the specified value of the electromagnetic torque of the generator.

US Pat. No. 10,340,826

METHOD OF CONTROLLING A BRUSHLESS PERMANENT-MAGNET MOTOR

Dyson Technology Limited,...

1. A method of controlling a brushless permanent-magnet motor, the method comprising:sequentially exciting and freewheeling a phase winding of the motor using a controller, wherein the controller outputs control signals to sequentially excite and freewheel the phase winding, and wherein the phase winding is freewheeled when a phase current exceeds an upper threshold and freewheeling comprises-freewheeling until the phase current falls below a lower threshold;
measuring a parameter corresponding to a time interval between either the start and end of freewheeling or the start and end of excitation, wherein the time interval is measured using the controller, and wherein the time interval between the start and end of freewheeling begins when the phase current exceeds the upper threshold and ends when the phase current falls below the lower threshold;
comparing the measured parameter against a saturation threshold, using the controller;
determining that the rotor is at a predetermined position when the measured parameter is less than the saturation threshold using the controller; and
in response to determining that the rotor is at the predetermined position, commutating the phase winding using the controller after a commutation period has elapsed, wherein the commutation period includes a predetermined period of time after the determination that the rotor is in the predetermined position wherein the phase winding continues to be sequentially excited and freewheeled, wherein commutating the phase winding includes outputting control signals from the controller to commutate the phase winding after the commutation period has elapsed, and wherein the length of the commutation period is set such that the motor rotates through a predetermined angle of rotation, and wherein the predetermined angle of rotation is based on the predetermined position determined when the measured parameter is less than the saturation threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,340,824

MOTOR DRIVEN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, MOTOR DEVICE, AND APPLICATION APPARATUS

JOHNSON ELECTRIC INTERNAT...

1. A motor driver integrated circuit, comprising:a plurality of position comparators, each of the plurality of position comparators receiving a pole detection signal denoting a position of a rotor of a motor;
a timer receiving a timing interrupt signal output by the plurality of position comparators when a predetermined edge of the pole detection signal generated and recording a time of the predetermined edge;
a logic selection circuit coupled between the plurality of position comparators and the timer, the logic selection circuit selecting two adjacent edges of the pole detection signal and controlling the timer to start; and
a central processing unit obtaining a rotation speed of the motor according to a time difference between two adjacent edges selected by the logic selection circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,820

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES

Wing Aviation LLC, Mount...

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle comprising:a power source;
a processor module comprising one or more processors; and
a plurality of boom arms, each boom arm being physically connected to a printed circuit board (PCB) and a plurality of propellers;
wherein a PCB of each boom arm comprises a power hub electrically connected to the power source and to corresponding propellers of the boom arm, and a signal hub electrically connected to at least one processor of the one or more processors and to the corresponding propellers;
wherein the power hub of each PCB comprises a plurality of selector switches corresponding to each of the plurality of corresponding propellers, wherein the power hub of each PCB is configured to transfer power from the power source to the corresponding propellers when the selector switches are in the engaged state, and wherein the signal hub of each PCB is configured to transfer signals from the one or more processors to the corresponding propellers, wherein the processor module controls the plurality of propellers.

US Pat. No. 10,340,817

SILICON CARBIDE MOSFET INVERTER CIRCUIT

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A silicon carbide MOSFET inverter circuit, comprising:a first silicon carbide MOSFET and a second silicon carbide MOSFET connected in series, each of the first and second silicon carbide MOSFETs having a built-in diode therein;
a first external freewheeling diode connected in anti-parallel to the first silicon carbide MOSFET; and
a second external freewheeling diode connected in anti-parallel to the second silicon carbide MOSFET,
wherein the first and second silicon carbide MOSFETs, the first and second freewheeling diodes, and wirings that interconnects the first and second silicon carbide MOSFETs and the first and second freewheeling diodes are configured such that during a deadtime in an inverter operation cycle in which the first silicon carbide MOSFET and the second silicon carbide MOSFET are both OFF, thereby causing freewheeling current to flow, a pulse width of a transient current that flows in the built-in diode of the first silicon carbide MOSFET or the built-in diode of the second silicon carbide MOSFET in response to the freewheeling current during the deadtime is less than 2 ?s.

US Pat. No. 10,340,812

FLEXIBLE POWER CONVERTER ARCHITECTURE BASED ON INTERPOSER AND MODULAR ELECTRONIC UNITS

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

14. An electronic transceiver/receiver (T/R) unit included in a Transmit or Receive Integrated Microwave Module (T/RIMM) installed in a modular high-power converter system, the comprising:a power amplifier connected to an antenna to perform at least one of signal transmission or signal reception; and
a modular direct current-to-direct current (DC/DC) converter configured to convert a first DC voltage into a reduced second DC voltage that drives the power amplifier, the modular-based DC/DC converter including a plurality of modular power converter units configured to generate the second DC voltage,
wherein each modular converter unit configured to be independently interchangeable with a different modular converter unit,
each modular power converter unit configured to perform a different electronic power conversion operation with respect to one another, wherein each modular converter unit is configured to be independently removed without disconnecting the modular-based DC/DC converter.

US Pat. No. 10,340,805

RESONANT STEP DOWN DC-DC POWER CONVERTER AND METHODS OF CONVERTING A RESONANT STEP DOWN DC-DC CONVERTER

Danmarks Tekniske Univers...

1. A resonant step-down DC-DC power converter comprising:a primary side circuit and a secondary side circuit coupled through a capacitor based galvanic isolation barrier,
the primary side circuit comprising a positive input terminal and a negative input terminal for receipt of an input voltage and an input capacitor coupled between the positive and negative input terminals,
the secondary side circuit comprising an output capacitor chargeable to a converter output voltage between a first positive electrode and a second negative electrode of the output capacitor,
a resonant network configured for alternatingly being charged from the input voltage and discharged to the output capacitor through the galvanic isolation barrier by a semiconductor switch arrangement in accordance with a switch control signal to produce the converter output voltage,
an electrical short-circuit connection across the galvanic isolation barrier connecting, in a first case, the second negative electrode of the output capacitor to the positive input terminal of the primary side circuit or, in a second case, connecting the second positive electrode of the output capacitor to the negative input terminal of the primary side circuit thereby establishing in both the first and second cases a series coupling of the output capacitor and the input capacitor, and
a load connection, in the first case, between the first positive electrode of the output capacitor and the positive input terminal or, in the second case, between the second negative electrode of the output capacitor and the negative input terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,803

DC-DC CONVERTER HAVING PREDICTED ZERO INDUCTOR CURRENT

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. A DC-to-DC voltage converter comprising:a converter input for receiving a DC voltage;
a first switch coupled between the input and a first node;
a second switch coupled between the first node and a ground;
an inductor coupled between the first node and a converter output;
a capacitor coupled between the converter output and the ground;
an output voltage synthesizer coupled to the converter input and the converter output for synthesizing the voltage at the converter output and for generating a control signal for at least one of the first switch and the second switch in response to the synthesized voltage at the converter and to predict zero inductor current using volt*second balance of the inductor;
the synthesizer comprising:
a synthesizer input coupled to the converter input;
a third switch coupled between the synthesizer input and a second node;
a fourth switch coupled between the second node and the ground;
a resistor coupled between the second node and a third node;
the capacitor coupled between the third node and the ground;
an integrating transconductance stage for comparing the voltage at a first input to the voltage at a second input and generating an output signal in response to the comparison, wherein the first input is coupled to the third node and the second input is coupled to the converter output;
at least one of the first switch, the second switch, the third switch, and the fourth switch being controlled in response to the output signal of the integrating transconductance stage;
further comprising a fifth switch coupled to the output of the integrating transconductance stage, the fifth switch coupling the output of the integrating transconductance stage to the capacitor for sampling and holding the output signal of the integrating transconductance stage.

US Pat. No. 10,340,802

POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS WITH LOW POWER CONSUMPTION AND LOW COST

Power Forest Technology C...

1. A power conversion apparatus, comprising:a synchronous rectification (SR) transistor;
an SR controller, coupled to the SR transistor to control the SR transistor, wherein a ground terminal of the SR controller is coupled to a source terminal of the SR transistor, and a power terminal of the SR controller receives a system voltage;
a snubber circuit, having a first terminal coupled to a drain terminal of the SR transistor and a second terminal coupled to the power terminal of the SR controller,
wherein the snubber circuit obtains power from the drain terminal of the SR transistor and provides the system voltage accordingly; and
a power supply circuit, coupled to the second terminal of the snubber circuit and the source terminal of the SR transistor,
wherein the snubber circuit and the power supply circuit operate in cooperation to suppress a voltage surge between the drain terminal and the source terminal of the SR transistor and generate the system voltage according to a voltage drop between the drain terminal and the source terminal of the SR transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,785

IMPLEMENTING VOLTAGE SENSE POINT SWITCHING FOR REGULATORS

International Business Ma...

1. A method for implementing voltage sense point switching for regulators comprising:providing a first sense point at a non-switched sense location, said first sense point being always on;
providing a second sense point at a location to be switched; said second sense point optionally being switched off controlled using a transistor switch;
providing a first operational amplifier coupled to said first sense point and a second operational amplifier coupled to said second sense point, and connecting a first diode to an output of said first operational amplifier and connecting a second diode to an output of said second operational amplifier;
providing a circuit output at said first and second diodes to a remote sense input to a regulator;
providing switched loads having gains at each of said first and second sense points to make up for a voltage drop in said transistor switch at maximum load; and said first sense point functioning as an over-voltage protection to limit the voltage drop in said transistor switch.

US Pat. No. 10,340,784

POWER ELECTRONIC SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SYNCHRONIZING POWER MODULES

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A power electronic system for operating a three-phase load, the system comprising:a number of power modules connected to the three-phase load, each of the power modules comprising at least one switching element and a local actuator;
a superordinate controller for actuating the number of power modules to supply a three-phase output to operate the three-phase load;
a device bus connected to the superordinate controller and to the number of power modules and via which the control signals for actuating the number of power modules are transmitted during operation of the system;
the superordinate controller transmitting the control signals for at least three switching states of the system in respective messages at predefined intervals of time to the number of power modules via the device bus;
all power modules configured to scan a first communication edge of a respectively received message from the superordinate controller and process it as a common time base of the system for processing the control signals.

US Pat. No. 10,340,768

FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE WITH INDUCTION TORQUE TRANSFER

1. A system for transferring torque, said system comprising:a plurality of electric coils arranged in the shape of a toroid and configured so that, upon the application of electric current through the plurality of coils, adjacent coils generate magnetic fields of opposing polarities;
a primary rotor having a plurality of permanent primary magnets positioned within the plurality of electric coils for passing through the plurality of electric coils and configured as a primary cylinder having a primary magnetic field, said primary magnets comprising circumferentially oriented permanent magnets;
a secondary rotor mounted coaxially with the primary rotor externally of the plurality of coils and for rotation relative to the plurality of electric coils, the secondary rotor including a plurality of permanent secondary magnets configured as a secondary cylinder having a secondary magnetic field directed toward the primary rotor and configured to magnetically couple with the primary cylinder, and wherein the plurality of permanent primary magnets are configured as a primary cylinder having a primary magnetic field directed toward the secondary rotor and are configured to magnetically couple with the secondary cylinder, to thereby effectuate the transfer of torque from the primary rotor to the secondary rotor;
an induction cylinder positioned between said primary rotor and said secondary rotor, wherein said induction cylinder comprises an electrically conductive material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,767

MOTOR WITH BUSBAR UNIT MOUNTED ON BEARING FLANGE

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A motor comprising:a rotor comprising a shaft having a central axis as a center thereof;
a stator arranged radially outside of the rotor;
a bearing arranged on an upper side of the stator and structured to rotatably support the shaft;
a tubular housing arranged to hold the stator;
a bearing holder arranged on the upper side of the stator and structured to hold the bearing; and
a busbar unit arranged on an upper side of the bearing holder and structured to supply an electric drive current to the stator;
wherein the rotor comprises a rotor magnet directly or indirectly fixed to the shaft;
the stator comprises:
an annular core back;
teeth arranged to extend radially inward from the core back; and
coils wound around the teeth;
the housing comprises a housing tubular portion;
the housing tubular portion comprises a housing inner circumferential surface arranged to hold the stator;
the bearing holder is arranged to be in contact with the housing inner circumferential surface; and
the busbar unit is arranged to be in contact with the housing inner circumferential surface;
wherein the busbar unit comprises:
at least one busbar electrically connected to the stator; and
a busbar holder arranged to hold the at least one busbar;
the busbar holder comprises:
a holder body portion; and
a plurality of abutment portions each of which is arranged to project downward from the holder body portion;
the plurality of abutment portions are arranged at regular intervals along a circumferential direction; and
a lower surface of each abutment portion is arranged to be in contact with an upper surface of the bearing holder, and
wherein a gap is defined between the holder body portion and the bearing holder.

US Pat. No. 10,340,761

ELECTRIC DEVICE AND A STATOR ASSEMBLY FOR THE ELECTRIC DEVICE

GM Global Technology Oper...

18. A stator assembly for an electric device, the stator assembly comprising:a stator core defining a plurality of slots spaced from each other;
a plurality of bar conductors disposed in each of the slots and arranged to present a first winding path, a second winding path and a third winding path, with a first set of the bar conductors of the first, second and third winding paths configured to receive current in a parallel circuit arrangement;
a plurality of electrical jumpers electrically connected to a predetermined number of the bar conductors such that an amount of the current flowing through the first winding path and the third winding path is substantially the same and an amount of the current flowing through the second winding path is different from the amount of the current flowing through the first and third winding paths; and
wherein:
the stator core extends between a first end and a second end along a longitudinal axis, and the stator core includes an inner wall defining a hole along the longitudinal axis such that the inner wall is spaced radially away from the longitudinal axis, and wherein the stator core includes an outer wall opposing the inner wall;
the slots are spaced from each other radially about the longitudinal axis and each extends between the first and second ends of the stator core;
each of the slots includes an inner layer of the bar conductors disposed proximal to the inner wall, an outer layer of the bar conductors disposed proximal to the outer wall and spaced from the inner layer and a middle layer of the bar conductors disposed between the inner and outer layers; and
a first one of the electrical jumpers connects the inner and outer layers to form the first winding path, a second one of the electrical jumpers connects the inner and outer layers to form the third winding path and a third one of the electrical jumpers connects the middle layer to form the second winding path.

US Pat. No. 10,340,759

CEILING FAN MOTOR

NEW MOTECH CO., LTD., Gw...

1. A ceiling fan motor comprising:a rotor assembly including a rotor housing installed with a plurality of yoke pieces and a plurality of magnets in the inner side;
a stator assembly placed in the inner side of the rotor assembly, the stator assembly including a stator core, and an upper insulator and a lower insulator engaged with the upper part and lower part of the stator core;
a shaft fixed being engaged with the center part of the stator core; and
a magnet fixing member fixing the plurality of magnets, the magnet fixing member being placed between the plurality of magnets,
wherein the magnet fixing member comprises:
an inclined surface extended in the direction of the shaft;
an insertion part formed in the height direction in the center of the magnet fixing member;
an upper stopper part formed at the upper part of the magnet fixing member;
a lower fixing pin protruded to the lower part of the magnet fixing member; and
a wedge part having a shape getting thinner towards to one end of the wedge part, the other end of the wedge part connected to the insertion part,
wherein the magnet fixing member is forcibly press-fitted between the plurality of magnets.

US Pat. No. 10,340,758

PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR

JOHNSON ELECTRIC INTERNAT...

1. A permanent magnet for a pole of a motor, comprising an outer surface and an inner surface, the outer surface is an arc surface with a convex middle, and the inner surface is a curved surface with a concave middle,wherein the curved surface comprises an arc surface section and two planar surface sections, the arc surface section is connected between the two planar surface sections to form the whole curved surface, the arc of the inner surface of the permanent magnet and the arc of the outer surface of the permanent magnet are concentric, a ratio of an arc angle ? of the arc surface section of the inner surface to an arc angle ? of the outer surface of the permanent magnet is in the range of 0.15 to 0.35.

US Pat. No. 10,340,751

WIRELESS POWER RECEPTION METHOD OF A WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER IN WHICH FIRST DEMANDED POWER OF THE WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER IS ADJUSTED WITHIN A FIRST AVAILABLE POWER OF THE WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A wireless power reception method of a wireless power receiver comprising:receiving a first available power value of a wireless power transmitter from the wireless power transmitter;
determining, by the wireless power receiver, a first demanded power value of the wireless power receiver from among available power values that are less than or equal to the first available power value of the wireless power transmitter, the first demanded power value of the wireless power receiver determined by the wireless power receiver being less than the first available power value of the wireless power transmitter, wherein the first demanded power value is different in a subsequent iteration of the determining the first demanded power value;
in response to determining, by the wireless power receiver, the first demanded power value of the wireless power receiver, transmitting, by the wireless power receiver, the first demanded power value of the wireless power receiver to the wireless power transmitter;
receiving, by the wireless power receiver, a first power from the wireless power transmitter, the first power being adjusted to approximately equal the first demanded power value of the wireless power receiver;
in response to a state of the wireless power transmitter changing, receiving, by the wireless power receiver, a second available power value of the wireless power transmitter from the wireless power transmitter, the second available power value being different than the first available power value of the wireless power transmitter;
determining, by the wireless power receiver, a second demanded power value of the wireless power receiver from among available power values that are less than or equal to the second available power value of the wireless power transmitter, wherein the determining the second demanded power value is the subsequent iteration of the determining the first demanded power value;
in response to determining, by the wireless power receiver, the second demanded power value of the wireless power receiver, transmitting, by the wireless power receiver, the second demanded power value to the wireless power transmitter; and
receiving, by the wireless power receiver, a second power from the wireless power transmitter, the second power being adjusted to approximately equal the second demanded power value of the wireless power receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,340,749

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method in which a power transmitter comprising multi coils transmits wireless power, the method comprising:detecting a second power receiver while transmitting power to a first power receiver;
determining at least one primary coil appropriate for power transmission;
determining whether the second power receiver supports a shared mode protocol using the determined at least one primary coil;
transmitting, if the second power receiver supports a shared mode protocol, power to the first and second power receivers according to the shared mode protocol,
wherein the shared mode protocol is a protocol that simultaneously manages information exchange between the power transmitter and a plurality of power receivers; and
not transmitting, if the second power receiver does not support the shared mode protocol, power to the second power receiver until the power transmitter is prepared to serve the second power receiver in an exclusive mode,
wherein the exclusive mode is a mode that serves one power receiver at one time.

US Pat. No. 10,340,748

WIRELESS POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS, WIRELESS POWER RECEIVING TERMINAL, AND WIRELESS POWER SUPPLY METHOD

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:transmitter circuitry configured to transmit a first wireless signal for wireless communication to a first terminal via a first frequency band;
receiver circuitry configured to receive a second wireless signal for wireless communication from the first terminal via the first frequency band; and
controller circuitry configured to:
detect first position information of the first terminal based on the second wireless signal; and
form a first beam pattern of first radio waves of a second frequency band different from the first frequency band based on the first position information, the first beam pattern having directivity to the first terminal,
wherein the transmitter circuitry is further configured to wirelessly supply power to the first terminal via at least part of the second frequency and during at least part of a wireless communication period with the first terminal,
wherein the transmitter circuitry is further configured to transmit a third wireless signal for wireless communication with a second terminal different from the first terminal via at least part of the second frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,340,744

NON-CONTACT POWER SUPPLYING APPLIANCE AND NON-CONTACT POWER RECEIVING APPLIANCE, AND NON-CONTACT POWER TRANSMITTING SYSTEM PROVIDED THEREWITH

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A non-contact power supplying appliance that contactlessly transmits power to a non-contact power receiving appliance having a load, the non-contact power supplying appliance comprising:a plurality of power supply units that transmit the power;
a power-supply side communication unit that sends and receives a communication packet; and
a power-supply side controller that controls the power supply units and the power-supply side communication unit,
wherein the power-supply side communication unit completes placement detection of the non-contact power receiving appliance when the power-supply side communication unit sends a first response-request message for placement detection of the non-contact power receiving appliance, and thereafter receives a corresponding first response message including a magnitude of the power under reception by the non-contact power receiving appliance,
the power-supply side controller identifies a combination of the non-contact power receiving appliance and some of the power supply units when the power-supply side communication unit sends second and third response-request messages for identifying a placement location of the non-contact power receiving appliance and thereafter respectively receives corresponding second and third response messages including the magnitude of the power under reception by the non-contact power receiving appliance, and
the power-supply side controller is configured to control the some of the power supply units in accordance with a corresponding fourth response message that is received by the power-supply side communication unit and includes a difference between the magnitude of the power under reception by the non-contact power receiving appliance and rated power of the load after the power-supply side communication unit sends a fourth response-request message for power control.

US Pat. No. 10,340,742

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus for controlling wireless power transmission, the apparatus comprising:a controller configured to determine an output voltage of a power factor correction unit based on charging information of a battery of a wireless power reception apparatus, the power factor correction unit configured to correct an input voltage into the determined output voltage, and output a variable voltage;
an inverter configured to convert the output voltage of the power factor correction unit into an alternating current (AC) voltage based on a variable frequency; and
a resonance unit configured to transmit power converted from the variable voltage to the wireless power reception apparatus,
wherein the power factor correction unit is further configured to obtain the input voltage from a power supply, and to output the variable voltage based on a result of the determining of the controller;
the resonance unit is further configured to transmit the power converted from the variable voltage to the AC voltage using a resonant frequency of a resonator to the wireless power reception apparatus; and
the controller is further configured to determine a value of the variable frequency in a resonant frequency hand of the resonator and the output voltage of the power factor correction unit, based on the obtained charging information of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,340,741

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet;
a storage compartment provided inside the cabinet and defined by an inner case of the cabinet;
a shelf provided in the storage compartment, and comprising a shelf portion and at least one bracket configured to support the shelf portion, the shelf comprising a light source unit configured to illuminate an interior region of the storage compartment;
a door configured to open and close the storage compartment;
a transmitter located on an inner sidewall of the storage compartment and electrically connected to an external power supply;
a receiver located on a side surface of the shelf and having a position that corresponds to a position of the transmitter, the receiver being electrically connected to the light source unit, the transmitter and the receiver configured to generate a first resonance frequency and a second resonance frequency therebetween; and
at least one processor configured to:
detect whether the door of the refrigerator is open; and
based on a detection that the door is open, control a wireless supply of power to the light source unit of the shelf using the second resonance frequency, among the first resonance frequency and the second resonance frequency generated between the transmitter and the receiver,
wherein the light source unit comprises a Light Emitting Diode (LED) pixel unit configured to emit light based on the wirelessly supplied power, and a housing configured to spatially separate the LED pixel unit from the storage compartment, and
wherein the shelf further comprises:
a housing end cap that is at least partially inserted into a first open end of the housing and that is mounted on a first bracket of the at least one bracket; and
a wire cover that is at least partially inserted into a second open end of the housing and that is mounted on a second bracket of the at least one bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,340,740

POWER RECEIVING UNIT, POWER TRANSMISSION UNIT, AND FEED SYSTEM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A power transmission unit comprising:a power transmission section configured to supply wireless electric power to a power receiving unit,
a first opening formed at center of the power transmission section; and
a fixing section including a material to be attracted to a magnet, the fixing section is disposed in the first opening,
wherein the power receiving unit includes:
a power receiving section configured to receive the wireless electric power from the Power transmission section,
a second opening is formed at center of the power receiving unit, and
an electromagnet configured to be magnetized based on the wireless electric power received from the power transmission section, the electromagnet is disposed in the second opening, and
wherein the fixing section is attracted to the electromagnet when the power receiving section receives the wireless electric power.

US Pat. No. 10,340,736

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND WIRELESS POWER CHARGING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A wireless power transmission device comprising:a mounting member;
a first terminal and a second terminal mounted on the mounting member; and
a transmission coil mounted on the mounting member,
wherein the transmission coil includes:
an outer transmission coil connected to the first terminal; and
an inner transmission coil connected to the second terminal, and extending from the outer transmission coil and spaced apart from the outer transmission coil and being wound inside the outer transmission coil to correspond to the outer transmission coil, having a radius less than that of the outer transmission coil,
wherein the outer transmission coil and the inner transmission coil are symmetrical with respect to a center of each of the outer and inner transmission coils, and
wherein the inner transmission coil is wound 20 mm to 30 mm apart from the outer transmission coil.

US Pat. No. 10,340,735

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPTIMAL RESOURCE ALLOCATION BASED ON CONTRIBUTION MARGIN RATIO

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method for distributing energy resources in a distributed energy resource system, the method comprising:receiving information about the amount of available energy resources from each of one or more providers;
receiving information about the amount of required energy resources from each of one or more consumers;
assessing a contribution margin ratio for each of the one or more consumers;
calculating an energy resource allocation amount for each of the one or more consumers based on the assessed contribution margin ratio; and
distributing energy resources to each of the one or more consumers based on the calculated energy resource allocation amount.

US Pat. No. 10,340,728

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CHARGING A BATTERY OF THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. An electronic apparatus, comprising:a battery;
a temperature detector configured to detect a temperature of the battery;
a charging unit configured to charge the battery;
a power reception coil configured to receive a first electric power transmitted in a contactless manner from a power transmission coil of a contactless charging device;
a supplying unit configured to supply the charging unit with a second electric power on the basis of the first electric power;
a setting unit configured to set a supply current to be supplied from the supplying unit to the charging unit;
a determination unit configured to determine whether the battery is continuously charged,
wherein the setting unit sets the supply current to a value larger than a settable minimum value regardless of the temperature when the charging unit starts charging the battery on the basis of the second electric power, and reduces the supply current as the temperature is higher when the determination unit determines that the battery is continuously charged; and
a predetermined circuit to be controlled by the setting unit,
wherein the charging unit supplies the predetermined circuit with a third electric power, and the setting unit changes an operation of the predetermined circuit so that a consumption current of the predetermined circuit increases to set the supply current to the value larger than the settable minimum value regardless of the temperature when the charging unit starts charging the battery on the basis of the second electric power, and then restores the operation of the predetermined circuit when the determination unit determines that the battery is continuously charged.

US Pat. No. 10,340,727

CHARGING SYSTEM AND CHARGING METHOD, AND POWER ADAPTER

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A charging system, comprising:a battery;
a first rectifier, configured to rectify an input alternating current and output a first voltage with a first ripple waveform;
a switch unit, configured to modulate the first voltage according to a control signal and output a modulated first voltage;
a transformer, configured to output a second voltage with a second ripple waveform according to the modulated first voltage;
a second rectifier, configured to rectify the second voltage to output a third voltage with a third ripple waveform, and the third voltage being configured to be applied to the battery charge the battery;
a sampling unit, configured to sample a voltage and/or current outputted by the second rectifier to obtain a voltage sampling value and/or a current sampling value; and
a control unit, coupled to the sampling unit and the switch unit respectively, and configured to output the control signal to the switch unit, and to adjust a duty ratio of the control signal according to the current sampling value and/or the voltage sampling value, such that the third voltage meets a charging requirement of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,340,722

ELECTRICAL WIRING ASSEMBLY

1. An electrical wiring assembly comprising:a plurality of line terminals configured to be coupled to a source of AC power;
an antenna assembly including a circuit assembly coupled to the plurality of line terminals, the circuit assembly including a control circuit coupled to at least one electro-magnetic coil, the control circuit being configured to provide an electrical drive signal to the at least one electro-magnetic coil in accordance with a predetermined wireless charging regimen, the at least one electro-magnetic coil being configured to propagate a magnetic field in accordance with the electrical drive signal; and
a wall plate assembly including an electrical wiring device region configured to accommodate an electrical wiring device therewithin, and a separate antenna assembly region configured to accommodate the antenna assembly and the circuit assembly therewithin, the antenna assembly region including a charging interface region configured to accommodate a portable electronic device, the charging interface region being configured to position the portable electronic device proximate the at least one electro-magnetic coil so that the portable electronic device is disposed within the propagated magnetic field in accordance with the predetermined wireless charging regimen.

US Pat. No. 10,340,721

WIRELESS CHARGER WITH CONNECTOR

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A wireless charging device, comprising:a transmitter configured to transmit a power signal for wireless charging;
a circuit board including at least one component configured to control an operation of the transmitter;
a shielding plate configured to block an electrical interference between the transmitter and the circuit board; and
a connector configured to penetrate through the circuit board and the shielding plate so as to electrically connect the transmitter with the at least one component,
wherein the connector comprises:
a lead wire guiding part configured to avoid that a lead wire prolonged from the transmitter strays;
a connection part configured to pass through the lead wire guiding part so as to be coupled with the lead wire; and
a fastening part configured to penetrate through the circuit board and the shielding plate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,711

FARADAY CAGE FOR WIRELESS CHARGING DEVICES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A wireless charging device comprising:a housing having a planar charging surface and one or more walls that define an interior cavity;
a transmitter coil arrangement positioned within the interior cavity, the transmitter coil arrangement including a plurality of transmitter coils positioned within the interior cavity in an overlapping arrangement such that different coils in the plurality of coils are on different planes and each of the plurality of transmitter coils has a central axis positioned a lateral distance away from the central axes of all other transmitter coils of the plurality of transmitter coils; and
a faraday cage enclosing the transmitter coil arrangement, the faraday cage comprising:
an electromagnetic shield positioned between the transmitter coil arrangement and a first shell;
an interconnection structure positioned within the interior cavity below the transmitter coil arrangement, the interconnection structure including a plurality of packaged electrical components mounted on the interconnection structure;
a ferromagnetic shield positioned between the transmitter coil arrangement and the interconnection structure; and
a conductive grounding fence disposed around a perimeter of the interconnection structure and between the electromagnetic shield and the interconnection structure.

US Pat. No. 10,340,710

CHARGING DEVICE FOR THE INDUCTIVE TRANSMISSION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE CHARGING DEVICE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A charging device for inductive transmission of electric energy, comprising:a primary conductor arranged in a first housing, which produces energizing of an alternating magnetic field with an alternating current;
a power electronics device, which is electrically connected to the primary conductor and which is electrically connected to a power supply system with alternating current;
a drive means for moving the first housing from a first position to a second position, wherein the charging device is provided with a fault detection device, which detects whether the first housing is or is not moved when a movement operation has been initiated with the drive means, and which is configured, in the case when a movement of the first housing does not take place, although a movement operation has been initiated with the drive means, to control the power electronic device in such a way that the primary conductor is energized with an electric current to increase a temperature of the primary conductor in that the temperature of the primary conductor is below a predetermined first threshold temperature;
a temperature detection device for detecting the temperature of the primary conductor and of the first housing; and
the fault detection device, which receives the signals of the temperature detection device and which is configured, in the case when a movement of the housing does not take place although a movement operation has been initiated by the drive means, and the temperature of the first hosing is below the pre-determinable first threshold temperature, to exercise control with the power electronics device that is configured to exercise control so that the primary conductor is energized by an electric current in order to increase the temperature of the primary conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,708

BATTERY PACK

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery pack comprising:a battery comprising at least one battery cell;
a first switch electrically connected between the battery and an external terminal of the battery pack, and configured to be switched in response to a first control signal;
a capacitor configured to stabilize a switching state of the first switch;
a second switch electrically connected in parallel to the capacitor, and configured to be switched in response to a second control signal to discharge the capacitor when turned on; and
a battery protection unit configured to output the first and second control signals,
wherein the first switch is configured to be turned off when the second switch is turned on.

US Pat. No. 10,340,705

WIRELESSLY RECHARGEABLE BATTERY AND COMPONENTS THEREOF

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A rechargeable battery comprising:a. first and second receiver coils having magnetic axes oriented transverse to one another;
b. a third receiver coil having a magnetic axis transverse to the magnetic axes of the first and second receiver coils; and
c. a cylindrical casing,
wherein the third receiver coil has a magnetic axis substantially parallel to a major axis of the cylindrical casing and the first, second and third receiver coils are inside the cylindrical casing.

US Pat. No. 10,340,702

OPTIMIZER BATTERY PV ENERGY GENERATION SYSTEMS

SolarCity Corporation, S...

1. An energy generation system, comprising:a photovoltaic (PV) array comprising a plurality of PV modules for generating direct current (DC) power, wherein each PV module is a PV panel;
a plurality of Opti-battery packs coupled to the PV array, wherein each Opti-battery pack is coupled to a respective PV module and configured to receive DC power from the respective PV module, and wherein each Opti-battery pack is coupled to a different PV module; and
an inverter configured to receive DC power from the plurality of Opti-battery packs and to convert the DC power to alternating current (AC) power.

US Pat. No. 10,340,701

HYBRID POWER STORAGE APPARATUS

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A hybrid power storage apparatus storing electric power, comprising:a battery configured to store first electric power supplied to an electric power system and second electric power supplied therefrom;
an electric power conversion unit configured to convert the first electric power into an alternating current (AC) power and the second electric power into a direct current (DC) power; and
a control unit configured to receive electric power information of the electric power system from a server, and control charging or discharging of the battery and the electric power conversion unit so as to supply the first electric power to the electric power system or receive the second electric power supplied from the electric power system based on the electric power information,
wherein the control unit adjusts a frequency of the electric power when the frequency of the electric power varies with time, and adjusts a magnitude of the electric power when the frequency of the electric power is constant.

US Pat. No. 10,340,700

POWER REGULATION SYSTEM FOR ENERGY HARVESTERS

Analog Devices Global, H...

1. A wireless node comprising:a sensor configured to generate information indicative of at least one parameter;
a wireless transmitter coupled to the sensor and configured to wirelessly transmit the information indicative of the at least one parameter;
a plurality of energy harvesters including a first energy harvester;
a first regulator coupled to the first energy harvester and configured to receive power from the first energy harvester; and
a second regulator coupled to the plurality of energy harvesters and the first regulator, the second regulator being configured to selectively receive power from the first regulator and at least one of the plurality of energy harvesters and provide power to the wireless transmitter.

US Pat. No. 10,340,686

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An electronic device having a circuit network therein and conducting at least one of power reception and communication with an external device through a wire harness, the electronic device comprising:a detection circuit detecting a voltage variation caused by a noise that has a frequency component near a resonance frequency and superimposes on at least one of the wire harness and the circuit network, the resonance frequency being determined based on a characteristic impedance of the wire harness and the circuit network;
a resonance frequency shift circuit shifting the resonance frequency by changing at least one of a capacitance and an inductance of the circuit network based on a level of the voltage variation detected by the detection circuit; and
a wiring passing from a connection to the wire harness to the resonance frequency shift circuit and connected to the detection circuit, wherein
the detection circuit is connected to the wiring that is included in the circuit network and to be connected to the wire harness,
the detection circuit detects the voltage variation caused in the wiring,
the detection circuit includes a first capacitor that is charged when a magnitude of the voltage variation is equal to or more than a predetermined voltage,
the resonance frequency shift circuit operates with a charged voltage of the first capacitor,
the detection circuit further includes a determining element that is connected between the wiring and the first capacitor, and determines that the magnitude of the voltage variation is equal to or more than the predetermined voltage,
the detection circuit further includes a discharge resistor that is connected to ground, is connected in parallel with the first capacitor, and discharges the first capacitor, and
the resonance frequency shift circuit includes a maintenance circuit that shifts the resonance frequency when the level of the voltage variation detected by the detection circuit is equal to or higher than a predetermined level and maintains the shifted resonance frequency for a predetermined period regardless of the level of the voltage variation detected by the detection circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,683

LOAD-DRIVING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A load-driving integrated circuit device comprising:a calculation control circuit unit that generates a load driving command Son that is a command signal for applying a power-source voltage to an electric load;
an opening/closing device unit that is connected in series with a negative-side load wiring lead or a positive-side load wiring lead of the electric load and has a plurality of semiconductor opening/closing devices;
a monitoring control circuit unit that makes the plurality of semiconductor opening/closing devices perform opening/closing operation in response to the load driving command Son; and
an opening/closing device integrated circuit in which the opening/closing device unit and the monitoring control circuit unit are integrated on a semiconductor chip,
wherein the opening/closing device unit has a plurality of opening/closing circuit units which are equal to or more than three opening/closing circuit units of a first opening/closing circuit unit, a second opening/closing circuit unit, and a third opening/closing circuit unit, which are connected in parallel with one another,
wherein each of the plurality of opening/closing circuit units has upper and lower opening/closing devices which form a pair of upper-side opening/closing device and lower-side opening/closing device which are connected in series with each other, and a connection point potential detection circuit that generates an output voltage corresponding to the potential of the connection point between the upper-side opening/closing device and the lower-side opening/closing device,
wherein the calculation control circuit unit has an application circuit selection calculator that selects an application circuit, which is an opening/closing circuit unit for performing on/off operation of a load current corresponding to the load driving command Son, from the plurality of opening/closing circuit units; in the case where it is determined based on an output voltage of the connection point potential detection circuit that a device disconnection abnormality or a device snort-circuit abnormality has occurred in the upper-side opening/closing device or the lower-side opening/closing device, the application circuit selection calculator removes an opening/closing circuit unit, in which an abnormality has occurred, from the application circuit, and includes an auxiliary circuit, which is a normal opening/closing circuit unit which is not selected as the application circuit, in the application circuit in the case where there is the auxiliary circuit, and
wherein the monitoring control circuit unit has an opening/closing signal selection circuit that distributes opening/closing command signals corresponding to the load driving command Son into the upper and lower opening/closing devices of the application circuit selected by the application circuit selection calculator.

US Pat. No. 10,340,682

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An electronic device comprising:a wiring substrate including a land electrode;
an electronic component; and
an intermediate connection layer interposed between the wiring substrate and the electronic component, the intermediate connection layer including:
a first substrate defining an opening therein;
a second substrate, the first substrate being more rigid than the second substrate; and
a first conductor part on a first principal surface of the second substrate, the first conductor part including a fuse part at a position opposite the opening;
second and third conductor parts on respective opposed principal surfaces of the first substrate, wherein
the second substrate and the first substrate are electrically connected with each other via a conductive bond material,
the electronic component and the wiring substrate are electrically connected with each other via the intermediate connection layer, and
the first, second and third conductor parts each include a respective plurality of connection electrodes electrically insulated from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,340,681

POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM COMPRISING STATIC PROTECTING CIRCUIT AND RELATED METHOD OF OPERATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A power management system, comprising:a power converter, comprising:
a power stage configured to stabilize a direct current (DC) power supply voltage in response to an enable signal to generate a DC output voltage, and
a protecting circuit configured to:
detect a first state in which a switch node of the power stage is shorted to the DC power supply voltage, and in response thereto generate a protection signal indicating an abnormal state of the power stage;
detect a second state in which the switch node of the power stage is shorted to a ground voltage, and in response thereto generate the protection signal indicating the abnormal state of the power stage;
detect a third state in which an inductor in an inductor-capacitor circuit of the power stage is floated from the switch node of the power stage, and in response thereto generate a protection signal indicating the abnormal state of the power stage; and
detect a fourth state in which the DC power supply voltage is floated from the power stage, and in response thereto generate a protection signal indicating the abnormal state of the power stage; and
a main control circuit configured to generate the enable signal for the power converter based on the protection signal received from the power converter.

US Pat. No. 10,340,676

ELECTRICAL DEVICE PROTECTIVE HOUSING

Titan3 Technology LLC, T...

1. A protective housing kit for an electrical device comprising:a baseplate including a first baseplate hinge component on a first baseplate side and a second baseplate hinge component on a second baseplate side;
a lid including a first lid hinge component on a first lid side and a second lid hinge component on a second lid side;
a first hinge pin with a first structural feature; and
a second hinge pin with a second structural feature distinct from the first structural feature,
wherein:
the first baseplate hinge component, the first lid hinge component, and the first hinge pin are configured to be assembled to form a first hinge that connects the baseplate and the lid;
the second baseplate hinge component, the second lid hinge component, and the second hinge pin are configured to be assembled to form a second hinge that connects the baseplate and the lid; and
the first baseplate side is adjacent and perpendicular to the second baseplate side.

US Pat. No. 10,340,666

SPARK PLUG

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A spark plug, comprising:an insulator having an axial hole extending along an axial line;
a center electrode disposed within the axial hole;
a tubular metallic shell disposed around an outer circumference of the insulator; and
a ground electrode having a tip-joining surface and a base end that is fixed to the tubular metallic shell, the ground electrode including a noble metal tip that is joined to the tip-joining surface via a fused portion so as to face an end face of the center electrode and to protrude toward the end face, the noble metal tip having an elliptic cylindrical shape,
wherein, when the noble metal tip is projected onto a projection plane parallel to the tip-joining surface, the noble metal tip has an elliptical shape in the projection plane, and
wherein, when the ground electrode is also projected onto the projection plane, an angle of 45° or less is formed between a major axis of the elliptical shape of the noble metal tip in the projection plane and a straight line that extends in a lengthwise direction of the ground electrode and passes through a center of the noble metal tip in the projection plane.

US Pat. No. 10,340,658

LASER SYSTEM FOR ATOMIC CLOCKS AND SENSORS

AOSense, Inc., Sunnyvale...

1. A system, comprising:a single laser, wherein a central optical frequency of laser light of the single laser can be tuned;
an intensity splitter, wherein the laser light is split along a first optical path and a second optical path using the intensity splitter;
a modulator disposed in the first optical path, wherein a portion of the laser light is subjected to the modulator with the modulator disposed to generate a frequency-shifted sideband from some or all of the portion of the laser light subjected to the modulator, with the frequency-shifted sideband shifted by an adjustable frequency source, resulting in an adjustable frequency offset between the frequency-shifted sideband and an unmodulated carrier propagating in the second optical path, and
a feedback-based lock controller, wherein the feedback-based lock controller locks the optical frequency of the frequency-shifted sideband to a repumping transition for atom cooling.

US Pat. No. 10,340,655

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE AS AMPLIFIER FIBRE FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE OPERATION

1. A laser/amplifier device comprising a laser, an amplifier fiber and a pump light source, wherein the pump light source optically pumps the amplifier fiber and wherein the amplifier fiber amplifies the radiation of the laser-propagating therein, wherein the core of the amplifier fiber guiding the laser radiation, at least in sections, is doped with rare earth ions, wherein the maximum small signal gain of the amplifier fiber is up to 60 dB on account of at least one of the concentration of the rare earth ions and the distribution thereof in the light-guiding core, and wherein the mean power of the laser radiation at the output of the amplifier fiber is at least 100 W.

US Pat. No. 10,340,650

NEAR-FIELD ELECTRON LASER

1. A near-field electron laser producing laser light from the near-field energy of vibrating electrons, comprising a light source and a sealed container; wherein the working medium of the laser is electron; the interior of the sealed container is filled with an electron gas, the light source produces an incident light which is a parallel monochromatic light or a laser light, the average distance between electrons in the sealed container is much smaller than the wavelength of the incident light, the electron number density is much greater than the negative third power of the wavelength of the incident light, and the product of the number of electrons in the sealed container and the distance between the electrons is much greater than the wavelength of the incident light, so that the vibrating electrons are in the near-field of each other; the electric field intensity direction of the incident light and the electric moments of the vibrating electrons are in the same radial straight line and in the same direction, and there exists a radial attractive force among the vibrating electrons; the radial attractive force among the vibrating electrons is controlled by controlling the charge amount and amplitude of an accelerating charge that produces the incident light and the distance between the light source and the vibrating electrons, so that the average kinetic energy of the electrons for thermal motion is reduced to nearly zero, and cause the electrons to vibrate in the same radial straight line and in the same direction and have a constant frequency, amplitude and phase difference, and the interference effects of the radiation of various vibrating electrons are used to obtain a stronger directionality and intensity to form a laser light;the incident light is produced by a vibrating electric dipole with a radiated electric field of E(t):where Q is charge amount, a is amplitude, ? is frequency, ?0 is a vacuum dielectric constant, c is a vacuum light speed, and R is the distance from an observation point to the centre of the vibrating electric dipole.

US Pat. No. 10,340,647

METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING A SOLDERLESS DC CABLE

TRISIMIAN, LLC, Raleigh,...

1. A method for constructing a solderless DC cable comprising the steps:a. providing a cable operative to transmit a DC current, said cable having a conductive inner core, a core insulator wrapped about said inner core, a metal conductive shield formed about said core insulator and a shearable outer jacket;
b. providing first and second plugs, said first and second plugs being operatively functional as conventional 2.1 mm male connectors, each respective first and second plug having an outer barrel portion defining a proximal end and a distal end, said barrel portion having an external male sleeve portion extending from the distal end thereof, said barrel portion further defining a threaded axial passageway extending into the proximal side thereof, said external sleeve, barrel portion and threaded portion all being in electrical communication relative one another, each respective first and second plug further having an internal pin assembly disposed within said barrel portion of said plug whereby said internal pin assembly includes a distally extending conductive sleeve and further including a conductive pin extending proximally therefrom and into said threaded axial passageway, each respective first and second plug further having a non-conductive electrically insulated sleeve disposed between and separating said barrel portion and distal male sleeve extending therefrom from said internal pin assembly;
c. defining a first respective end of said cable provided in step a) and inserting said end within said axial passageway of a respective one of said plugs provided in step b);
d. rotating said plug upon said end of said cable such that said threads within said axial passageway shear said outer jacket of said cable such that said threads of said barrel portion electrically contact said metal conductive shield of said cable, said end of said cable being advanced within said axial passageway to a degree sufficient for said pin of said internal pin assembly to establish electric communication with said inner core of said cable;
e. defining a second respective end of said cable provided in step a) and inserting said second end within said axial passageway of said respective other of said plugs provided in step b); and
f. rotating said respective other plug upon said second end of said cable such that said threads within said axial passageway shear said outer jacket of said cable such that said threads of said barrel portion electrically contact said metal conductive shield of said cable, said second end of said cable being advanced within said axial passageway to a degree sufficient for said pin of said internal pin assembly to establish electric communication with said inner core of said cable.

US Pat. No. 10,340,645

MULTIFUNCTIONAL SOCKET

Bestore Europe Holding Gm...

1. A multifunctional socket, comprising: a main socket module and at least two functional device modules,wherein the functional device modules and the main socket module can be assembled in any manner, at least one of the functional device modules is detachably connected to the main socket module, adjacent functional device modules are detachably connected, the at least one of the functional device modules and the main socket module are electrically connected, and the adjacent functional device modules are electrically connected,
the functional device module comprises a wireless charging module, and the wireless charging module comprises a wireless charging base,
a peripheral side of the wireless charging module is provided with a slide rail, a storage member is slidably arranged on the slide rail, the storage member is provided with a storage compartment, and the wireless charging base is arranged on a bottom surface of the storage compartment.

US Pat. No. 10,340,643

CHARGING CONNECTOR

HORIZON CO., LTD., Nagan...

1. A charging connector comprising: a pair of power supply terminals for pinching power supply terminals of a Type-C plug connector complying with the USB connector standard from both sides, and a pair of grounding terminals for pinching grounding terminals of the plug connector from both sides; whereinthe power supply terminals and the grounding terminals are configured by fork terminals;
the power supply terminals are mutually connected through a cooling plate which is provided with a soldering terminal at opposite side of the fork terminals;
the grounding terminals are mutually connected through a cooling plate which is provided with a soldering terminal at opposite side of the fork terminals;
one of the soldering terminals is located at an upper side of a circuit board to which the charging connector is to be connected; and
the other of the soldering terminals is located at a lower side of the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,340,642

FUSE-EQUIPPED HERMETIC TERMINAL

SCHOTT Japan Corporation,...

1. A fuse-equipped hermetic terminal comprising:a housing provided with a hollow portion and a pair of through holes located with the hollow portion being interposed therebetween;
a conductive pin extending through the housing via the pair of through holes and the hollow portion; and
a pair of insulating sealing materials that each hermetically seal a gap between the conductive pin and a corresponding one of the pair of through holes,
wherein:
the conductive pin includes an inner pin, an outer pin, and a fuse element that bridges between the inner pin and the outer pin and that is located in the hollow portion,
center axes of the pair of through holes are offset from each other out of axial alignment, and
the inner pin and the outer pin respectively extend through the through holes on opposite sides of the hollow portion, and respectively extend outwardly from the housing on opposite sides of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,340,630

SOLDER-LESS, CRIMP-LESS, OVER-MOLDED SIGNAL CABLE

1. A signal cable assembly (10) comprising: four operatively connected plug parts, wherein the plug parts include a signal pin (12), a sleeve (20), a ground element (24) and a ground connector (30); a signal conductor at one end (42) of a coaxial cable (40) conductively connected to a first of the plug parts being the signal pin (12); and an overmold (54) encapsulating the end of the coaxial cable and a conductive connection between a ground sleeve of the coaxial cable and at least one second plug part different from the first plug part being selected from the group consisting of the sleeve (20), the ground element (24) and the ground connector (30), whereina. the sleeve (20) is insulating and positioned around a portion of the signal pin; the ground element (24) has a ground tube (26) around a portion of the insulating sleeve and a ground body (28) has a bore (56) for receiving the coaxial cable; and the ground connector (30) is supported on the ground body and extends rearward with tangs (38);
b. the coaxial cable (40) has a front end with a central signal conductor (42) that engages the signal pin and the tangs engage a ground conductor of the coaxial cable; and
c. the signal pin (12) has a front tip (14) and a back pin (16), and the insulating overmold (54) encapsulates the ground connector (30) and extends within the ground body, within the ground tube and around the back pin.

US Pat. No. 10,340,627

HIGH PRESSURE SEALED ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a housing having a bore and first and second ends, the bore extending between the first and second ends;
a conductive pin arranged within the bore and configured to engage a first wire at the first end and a second wire at the second end;
a first seal arranged around the conductive pin and engaged between the conductive pin and the bore; a sealant filling the bore between the first end and the first seal such that the sealant contacts a portion of the first seal that faces the first end, and a second seal arranged around the conductive pin adjacent the first seal, wherein the first seal is positioned between the second seal and the sealant, and wherein the first seal isolates the second seal from the sealant such that the second seal does not contact and is not exposed to the sealant.

US Pat. No. 10,340,625

SHIELD CONNECTOR

SUMITOMO WIRING SYSTEMS, ...

1. A shield connector configured to be attached to a casing of a device and including a bracket made of metal to which a flexible shield conductor made of metal is connected, the shield connector comprising:a housing fixed to the bracket, the housing including a plurality of electric wire draw-out portions located side by side to draw out electric wires;
a shield connecting member including a conductor connecting portion being a bendable metal plate, the conductor connecting portion being bent to sandwich an end portion of the shield conductor and being connected and fixed to the bracket to electrically connect the shield conductor to the bracket;
a cover covering the housing; and
a water blocking wall included in the cover and covering an outer surface of a bent portion of the conductor connecting portion, wherein
the bent portion is horizontally long along the shield conductor covering the plurality of electric wire draw-out portions,
the water blocking wall has a plate-like shape and is horizontally longer than the bent portion, and
the water blocking wall includes a reinforcing portion protruding to an outer side away from the shield connecting member.

US Pat. No. 10,340,620

MULTI-CONTACT CONNECTOR

IRISO ELECTRONICS CO., LT...

1. A multi-contact connector comprising:a housing having a fitting chamber into which a connection object is to be inserted;
a front terminal including a flat plate-shaped front extending portion held by the housing, and a front contact configured to contact the connection object inserted into the fitting chamber; and
a rear terminal including a flat plate-shaped rear extending portion held by the housing, and a rear contact located on a line extending from the front contact in an insertion direction of the connection object,
wherein the housing has one terminal accommodating groove communicating with the fitting chamber and configured to accommodate the front terminal and the rear terminal together in such a manner that the front terminal and the rear terminal are in a separate state,
each of the front terminal and the rear terminal includes
a leg respectively and
a contact portion electrically connected to one circuit contact point on a substrate,
an edge of the leg of the front terminal adjacent to the leg of the rear terminal has a recess which reduces the width of the leg of the front terminal,
the leg of the rear terminal extends in such a manner as to pass below the recess of the front terminal; and
the contact portion of the front terminal and the contact portion of the rear terminal are arranged in parallel to be connected to the circuit contact point.

US Pat. No. 10,340,618

ELECTRICAL TERMINAL HOUSING WITH RELEASABLE TERMINAL LOCKS

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. An electrical terminal housing comprising:a housing body that defines a terminal cavity, an insertion opening in the housing body that opens into the terminal cavity, and a mate opening in the housing body that opens into the terminal cavity;
a first terminal lock including a first finger that extends from the housing body into the terminal cavity and a first lock boss located on the first finger that extends farther into the terminal cavity than the first finger, the first lock boss including a first portion that extends from the first finger into the terminal cavity and a second portion that extends from the first finger into the terminal cavity, wherein the first portion of the first lock boss extends farther into the terminal cavity than the second portion of the first lock boss; and
a second terminal lock including a second finger that extends from the housing body into the terminal cavity and a second lock boss located on the second finger that extends farther into the terminal cavity than the second finger, the second lock boss including a first portion that extends from the second finger into the terminal cavity and a second portion that extends from the second finger into the terminal cavity, wherein the first portion of the second lock boss extends farther into the terminal cavity than the second portion of the second lock boss.

US Pat. No. 10,340,616

ELECTRICAL TERMINAL STRUCTURE FOR REDUCING TERMINAL SPACING

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. An electrical terminal, comprising:a body;
a first tab extending from a first side of the body; and
a second tab extending from a second side of the body;
wherein the second tab is vertically offset, in a longitudinal direction of the body, from the first tab; the first tab is disposed such that upon connection of the electrical terminal with a circuit board, the first tab contacts a surface of said circuit board; and the second tab is disposed such that upon connection of the electrical terminal with said circuit board, the second tab does not contact said circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,340,614

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a substrate;
a housing which covers the substrate;
a conductive pin mounted on one edge portion of the substrate, wherein
the conductive pin projects from the substrate along a plane of the substrate,
the conductive pin includes a projection portion and a soldered portion which is soldered to the substrate,
the projection portion includes a tip end portion,
the soldered portion includes:
a first soldered portion that is a conducting portion which is electrically conducting with a circuit wiring of the substrate and which includes a base end portion opposite to the tip end portion; and
a second soldered portion that is arranged between the tip end portion and the base end portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,610

STRUCTURE FOR IMPROVING IMPACT STRENGTH OF A TERMINAL

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A terminal to be connected to an end of a wire in which a core is covered with an insulation coating, the wire being pulled out rearwardly, the terminal comprising:a coating crimping portion having two coating crimping pieces extending away from one another in directions intersecting a pull-out direction of the wire and each of the coating crimping pieces having an inner surface to be crimped to an outer peripheral surface of the insulation coating and an outer surface opposite the inner surface, each of the coating crimping pieces having a rear edge facing in the pull-out direction of the wire and a front edge opposite the rear edge, the rear edge being substantially normal to the inner surface;
wherein:
compressing portions are formed at positions spaced from one another on the front edge of each of the coating crimping pieces, each of the compressing portions is open both on the front edge and on the inner surface, and is provided by recessing the respective coating crimping piece to have an internal space narrowed at farther distances from the front edge of the respective coating crimping piece; and
each of the compressing portions has a flat triangular, compressing surface with one side where the front edge and the outer surface of the respective coating crimping piece meet and further having a point at the inner surface of the respective coating crimping piece rearward of the front edge, each of the compressing portions further having two side surfaces extending from the compressing surface of the respective compressing portion to the inner surface of the respective crimping piece so that the compressing portions press the insulation coating to gradually compress the insulation coating toward the rear edge with the coating crimping pieces crimped to the insulation coating, and each of the triangular compressing surfaces is formed symmetrically in the pull-out direction of the wire.

US Pat. No. 10,340,609

MULTIBAND ANTENNA, MULTIBAND ANTENNA ARRAY, AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An antenna comprising:a conductor reflection plate;
a first antenna element; and
a second antenna element, wherein
the first antenna element and the second antenna element are disposed above the conductor reflection plate; and
an electromagnetic resonance frequency of the first antenna element and an electromagnetic resonance frequency of the second antenna element are different from each other, and
each of the first antenna element and the second antenna element comprises:
a substantially C-shaped conductor of a shape in which a part of a closed shape is discontinuous by a split;
a conductor feed line; and
a conductor feed section, wherein:
a first of the
conductor feed line is electrically connected to one part out of both parts of the substantially C-shaped conductor opposing each other across the split,
a second end of the conductor feed line is extended toward the conductor reflection plate,
a first end of the conductor feed section is continuously connected to an outer edge of the substantially C-shape conductor,
a second end of the conductor feed section is extended toward the conductor reflection plate, and
the conductor feed line and the conductor feed section are opposed to each other and constitute an electric path for feeding power to the substantially C-shaped conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,601

MULTI-ANTENNA SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

1. An antenna system, comprising:a dielectric antenna, wherein the dielectric antenna includes a first feed point that extends from a body of the dielectric antenna and a second feed point that extends from the body of the dielectric antenna, wherein the dielectric antenna further includes a first antenna lens that forms a first aperture and a second antenna lens that forms a second aperture, wherein the first antenna lens comprises a first structure, wherein the second antenna lens comprises a second structure, wherein the first structure is configured to tilt a first beam pattern generated by the first aperture of the dielectric antenna from a first center axis of the first feed point, and wherein the second structure is configured to tilt a second beam pattern generated by the second aperture of the dielectric antenna from a second center axis of the second feed point;
a first dielectric core coupled to the first feed point of the dielectric antenna, wherein the first dielectric core is configured to supply through the first feed point first electromagnetic waves that are converted by the dielectric antenna to the first beam pattern tilted from the first center axis; and
a second dielectric core coupled to the second feed point of the dielectric antenna, wherein the second dielectric core is configured to supply through the second feed point second electromagnetic waves that are converted by the dielectric antenna to the second beam pattern tilted from the second center axis.

US Pat. No. 10,340,596

METHOD FOR RESONATING A CONDUCTIVE STRUCTURE AS AN ANTENNA

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for resonating a conductive structure as an antenna comprising:connecting a radio frequency (RF) resonator to a transceiver by connecting a first end of an RF cable to a transceiver and by connecting a second end of the RF cable to an RF connector mounted to an insulating layer of the resonator, wherein the RF resonator has a conductive layer, and wherein the RF connector has a center conductor that is electrically connected to the conductive layer of the resonator;
attaching the conductive layer of the resonator to the conductive structure at a given location;
balancing the impedance of the transceiver with the impedance of the conductive structure at the given location; and
receiving and radiating electromagnetic waves through the conductive structure at an operating frequency of the transceiver, wherein the conductive structure has a dimension of at least one-half wavelength of the operating frequency of the transceiver.

US Pat. No. 10,340,593

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PHASED ARRAY BEAM CONTROL

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A computer-implemented method for controlling a phased array system by a distributed control system comprising one or more control stations, the method comprising:displaying, by each of the one or more control stations, a control interface of the phased array system, the control interface comprising a status window, a beam window and a scan window;
instructing the phased array system to operate in a selected operating mode, the operating mode selected from among at least one selectable operating mode of the phased array system displayed in the status window of the control interface, wherein the at least one selectable operating mode of the phased array system comprises at least one of an open loop mode and a closed loop mode;
receiving a selection in the beam window of at least one beam, the at least one beam selected from among one or more selectable beams of the phased array system available to track a target;
instructing, through each of the one or more control stations, the phased array system to form the selected at least one beam;
assigning, through each of the one or more control stations, the formed beam to (i) track a selected target detected by the phased array system, or (ii) monitor a selected location;
displaying, in the scan window of the control interface, (i) targets tracked by the phased array system, and (ii) beams generated by the phased array system:
receiving a selection of the closed loop operating mode of the phased array system in the status window;
receiving a selection of an available beam in the beam window;
receiving a drag of the selected beam from the beam window over a desired target in the scan window;
assigning the selected beam to track the desired target,
after receiving the selection of the closed loop mode and receiving the selection of the available beam, instructing the phased array system to form the selected beam at a determined azimuth and elevation; and
in response to telemetry data of the formed beam, automatically adjusting the azimuth and elevation of the formed beam to acquire and track a desired target.

US Pat. No. 10,340,591

ANTENNA WITH BRIDGED GROUND PLANES

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

11. A device with an antenna system comprising:a circuit board comprising a motherboard of a mobile computing device;
a first ground plane of the motherboard that is coupled to a first face of the motherboard;
an electrically conducting bridge electrically coupling the first ground plane to a second ground plane on a second, opposite face of the circuit board and wherein the bridge passes through the motherboard; and
an antenna radiating element coupled to the second ground plane via an antenna connection;
wherein the antenna system comprises a filter component for filtering noise, the filter component being embedded inside the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,340,590

DEVICE ASSEMBLY APPLIED TO MOBILE TERMINAL AND MOBILE TERMINAL

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A device assembly applied to a mobile terminal comprising a fingerprint assembly; wherein the fingerprint assembly comprises:a fingerprint tray electrically connected to a ground of a circuit board of the mobile terminal;
a fingerprint module disposed on the fingerprint tray;
a conductive assembly disposed between the fingerprint tray and the fingerprint module; and
an antenna assembly, wherein the fingerprint assembly is disposed in an area enclosed by the antenna assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,340,588

ANTENNA MODULE ACCOMMODATION STRUCTURE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An antenna module accommodation structure comprising an antenna module having an antenna disposed in or on a substrate, wherein the antenna module is housed in a slit provided in a side plate of a housing to be accommodated in the housing,wherein the substrate has a thickness smaller than a thickness of the side plate, and
the slit has, in an end surface of the side plate, an opening having a width smaller than the thickness of the side plate and allowing to accommodate the thickness of the substrate and a length allowing to accommodate a length of one side of the substrate, and has a depth equal to or larger than a length of another side of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,587

ANTENNA ASSEMBLIES HAVING SEALED CAMERAS

1. An antenna assembly comprising:a radome configured to house one or more antennas, the radome including an interior surface and an exterior surface opposing the interior surface, the radome defining an opening extending between the interior surface and the exterior surface;
a camera positionable at least partially within the opening of the radome, the camera and the radome defining a passage between the radome and the camera in the opening of the radome when the camera is positioned at least partially within the opening of the radome, the passage extending between the interior surface and the exterior surface of the radome;
a plug including an interior plug surface and an exterior plug surface opposing the interior plug surface, the plug defining an opening extending between the interior plug surface and the exterior plug surface to receive at least a portion of the camera, the plug positionable at least partially within the passage in the opening of the radome; and
a flexible seal positionable at least partially within the opening of the radome, the flexible seal coupled between the camera and the plug, the plug and the flexible seal configured to substantially prevent contaminants from passing into the radome via the opening of the radome.

US Pat. No. 10,340,586

ANTENNA TUNING CIRCUIT, MODULE, AND SYSTEM

1. An antenna tuning circuit comprising:a radio frequency (RF) input configured to be operatively coupled with an antenna feed point;
an RF output configured to be operatively coupled with an antenna;
a plurality of inductors electrically connected in series between the RF input and the RF output and having respective inductance values provided in a binary sequence; and
a plurality of relays electrically connected with the plurality of inductors and configured to selectively switch the individual inductors into and out of the antenna tuning circuit to achieve a target standing wave ratio (SWR) in tuning the antenna for a given target frequency or frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,340,585

LOW PROFILE WIFI ANTENNA WITH A TOROIDAL PATTERN

The United States of Amer...

1. A low-profile WiFi antenna comprising:a first ring of printed circuit board (PCB) dielectric material having an antenna outer radius of no more than 30.18 mm;
a second ring of conductive material, located concentrically inside the first ring, having an outer radius of no more than 22.34 mm;
a third ring of printed circuit board (PCB) dielectric material, located concentrically inside the second ring, having an outer radius of no more than 17.93 mm;
a circular patch of conductive material, located concentrically inside the third ring, wherein a coaxial probe feed is placed substantially at a center of the circular patch; and
a protective dome surrounding the first ring and having a height above the first ring, wherein radiation from the low-profile WiFi antenna has a toroidal pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,340,584

STRUCTURAL MULTILAYER ANTENNA DESIGN AND FABRICATION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method of embedding an antenna inside a structural panel of an aircraft, the method comprising:forming a first sheet from fiberglass with the first sheet being rigid and having a top surface and an opposite bottom surface;
fixing a first antenna layer of electrically conductive material to the top surface of the first sheet;
fixing a distribution network layer of electrically conductive material to the bottom surface of the first sheet;
etching a first antenna configuration into the first antenna layer;
etching a distribution network configuration into the distribution network layer;
forming a second sheet from fiberglass with the second sheet being rigid and having a top surface and an opposite bottom surface;
fixing a second antenna layer of electrically conductive material to the bottom surface of the second sheet;
etching a second antenna configuration into the second antenna layer;
securing the first sheet to the second sheet with the bottom surface of the first sheet engaging with the top surface of the second sheet;
forming a third sheet from fiberglass with the third sheet being rigid and having a top surface and an opposite bottom surface; and,
securing the third sheet to the second sheet with the too surface of the third sheet engaging with the second antenna layer of electrically conductive material fixed to the bottom surface of the second sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,340,580

ATTENUATION OF CAVITY MODES ON FOLDABLE WIRELESS ELECTRONIC DEVICES USING PRESCRIBED DIMENSIONS

MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a foldable housing comprising a first portion, a second portion, and a hinge flexibly connecting the first portion to the second portion; and
an antenna disposed within the housing;
wherein when the housing is folded:
the first and second portions define a cavity therebetween; and
the first and second portions have a dimension ratio that attenuates formation of a cavity mode that affects radio frequencies used by the antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,340,576

ZERO INSERTION LOSS DIRECTIONAL COUPLER FOR WIRELESS TRANSCEIVERS WITH INTEGRATED POWER AMPLIFIERS

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

1. A directional coupler with a first port, a second port, a third port, and a fourth port, comprising:a first conductive layer;
a second conductive layer;
a first signal trace on the first conductive layer, the first signal trace being defined by a first signal trace first terminal on the first conductive layer and connected to the first port, and a first signal trace second terminal on the first conductive layer and connected to the second port, the first signal trace being contiguous and on the first conductive layer between the first signal trace first terminal and the first signal trace second terminal;
a spiral inductive winding on the second conductive layer and at least partially overlapping the first signal trace, the inductive winding being defined by an interior spiral origin corresponding to an inductive winding second terminal connected to the fourth port, and an exterior spiral terminus corresponding to an inductive winding first terminal connected to the third port; and
a second signal trace routed away from the interior spiral origin and the first signal trace, the second signal trace including a second signal trace first terminal connected to the fourth port and a second signal trace second terminal connected to the inductive winding second terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,574

SPATIAL COMBINING DEVICE AND ANTENNA

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. A spatial power-combining device for modifying a signal, the spatial power-combining device comprising:a plurality of amplifier assemblies, wherein each amplifier assembly comprises:
an amplifier;
an output antenna structure comprising an output ground conductor and an output signal conductor that are entirely separated by air;
a transmission line connected between the amplifier and the output signal conductor; and
an output waveguide configured to combine signals received from the output antenna of each amplifier assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,340,573

LAUNCHER WITH CYLINDRICAL COUPLING DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

2. A launching device comprising:a transmitter configured to generate a radio frequency signal on a transmission medium, wherein the transmitter is included in a launching circuit with the transmission medium, the launching circuit having an electrical return path; and
a cylindrical coupler that launches the radio frequency signal from an aperture of the cylindrical coupler as a guided electromagnetic wave that is bound to an outer surface of the transmission medium, wherein the cylindrical coupler has an elliptical cross section, and wherein the guided electromagnetic wave propagates along the outer surface of the transmission medium without requiring the electrical return path.

US Pat. No. 10,340,571

ROPE CONDUCTOR FOR GUIDED WAVE RADAR COAXIAL WAVEGUIDE

Honeywell International I...

1. A coaxial guided wave radar apparatus, comprising:a central conductor comprising a bottom portion, a wire rope and a wire rope stop associated with the wire rope;
a plurality of spacers positioned and held in place about said central conductor at predetermined lengths along said central conductor, wherein each space among said plurality of spacers is positioned and held in place along said central conductor by at least one retainer that is crimped to said central conductor;
a tensioner attached to an end of said wire rope of said central conductor, wherein said tensioner allows for a proper tension to be applied to maintain a spacing of said wire rope from an outer conductor;
a pre-loading mechanism arranged to handle thermo-mechanical breathing resulting from varying thermal expansion coefficients associated with the different materials of said coaxial guided wave radar apparatus; and
an insulating load ring surrounding the wire rope stop and the bottom portion of the central conductor, wherein the wire rope stop provides a reaction force through the insulating load ring to the tensioner.

US Pat. No. 10,340,568

VOLTAGE CONTROLLED TUNABLE FILTER

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

1. A waveguide filter comprising:a first conductive layer;
a second conductive layer;
a dielectric substrate layer disposed between the first and second conductive layers to form a waveguide between an input and an output;
a plurality of conductive vias that interconnect the top conductive layer and the bottom conductive layer through the dielectric substrate layer, wherein the plurality of conductive vias are arranged between the input and the output to form an outline of the waveguide filter that defines a frequency characteristic of the waveguide filter; and
at least one tunable via comprising a tunable material disposed within the dielectric substrate layer and configured to change a relative permittivity of the dielectric substrate layer based on an applied voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,340,558

BATTERY CELL WITH MONITORING DEVICE, AND CORRESPONDING OPERATING METHOD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A battery cell with a monitoring device, comprising:a data processing unit for processing state data of the battery cell as a function of a trigger pulse,
a triggering unit, which is connected to the data processing unit, for generating the trigger pulse, and provision of the trigger pulse to the data processing unit,
wherein the triggering unit is designed to evaluate a measurement signal, which comes from the battery cell and correlates with an electrical energy of the battery cell, and to generate the trigger pulse as a function of the measurement signal,
wherein the triggering unit is designed to generate the trigger pulse at a first point in time, at which the battery cell has a first electrical energy content and to generate the trigger pulse at a second point in time, at which the battery cell has a second electrical energy content, wherein the first electrical energy content and the second electrical energy content differ by a pre-definable energy value, and
wherein the measurement signal is proportional to an electric current through the battery cell or proportional to an electrical power of the battery cell, wherein the triggering unit has means to generate an integration signal as a function of the measurement signal and when the integration signal falls below or exceeds a pre-definable threshold value, is designed to generate the trigger pulse and to reset the integration signal to a start value.

US Pat. No. 10,340,557

BATTERY FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A battery for a motor vehicle having at least one master control device and a plurality of battery cells, wherein, for each respective battery cell in the plurality of battery cells, the battery cell comprises:a battery cell housing, in which a galvanic element is accommodated,
two electrical connection terminals, by way of which the battery cell is electrically connected to at least one other battery cell in the plurality of battery cells, and
a battery cell control device, which is coupled to at least one communications device of the battery cell,
wherein the at least one communications device of the battery cell is configured to communicate with at least one battery cell in the plurality of battery cells that is adjacent to the battery cell in a first mode and with the at least one master control device of the battery in a second mode, which differs from the first mode.

US Pat. No. 10,340,555

METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THIN-FILM LITHIUM-ION MICROBATTERIES AND RESULTING MICROBATTERIES

1. A process for fabrication of an all-solid-state thin film micro-battery, the process comprising:depositing, by electrophoresis as one of a cathode film or an anode film, a first electrode film without any binders on one of a conducting substrate or a substrate with at least one conducting zone, said substrate or said at least one conducting zone serving as a collector of current from said first electrode film;
depositing an electrolyte film by electrophoresis from a suspension containing nanoparticles of electrolyte materials on said first electrode film, the electrolyte film; and
depositing, by one of electrophoresis or a vacuum deposition process as one of a cathode film or an anode film, a second electrode film on the electrolyte film to form the all-solid-state thin film micro-battery; and
consolidating the films deposited by electrophoresis to increase the density thereof of the films deposited by electrophoresis,
wherein:
the first electrode film is deposited from a suspension containing nanoparticles of one of cathode materials in a cathode materials suspension or anode materials in an anode materials suspension,
the second electrode film is deposited from a suspension containing nanoparticles of one of cathode materials in a cathode materials suspension or anode materials in an anode materials suspension,
an average size of nanoparticles in at least one of the cathode material in the cathode materials suspension, the electrolyte material in the electrolyte materials suspension, and the anode material in the anode materials suspension is less than 100 nm,
said films deposited by electrophoresis have a porosity of less than 5%.

US Pat. No. 10,340,552

ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITION AND METAL-ION BATTERY EMPLOYING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An electrolyte composition, comprising:a metal halide;
an organic compound, wherein the organic compound is a nitrogen-containing compound, a sulfur-containing compound, or a combination thereof; and
a halogen-containing salt, wherein the halogen-containing salt has a structure represented by Formula (I)
[Ca+]i[X?]j   Formula (I),
wherein C is IA element, IIA element, IIIA element, IVA element, VA element, VIA element, transition metal, pyrrolium, pyrrolinium, pyrrolidinium, pyridinium, ammonium, imidazolium, indazolium, pyrimidinium, azaannulenium, azathiazolium, benzimidazolium, benzofuranium, benzotriazolium, borolium, cholinium, cinnolinium, diazabicyclodecenium, diazabicyclononenium, diazabicyclo-undecenium, dithiazolium, furanium, guanidinium, indolinium, indolium, morpholinium, oxaborolium, oxaphospholium, oxazinium, oxazolium, iso-oxazolium, oxathiazolium, pentazolium, phospholium, phosphonium, phthalazinium, piperazinium, piperidinium, pyranium, pyrazinium, pyrazolium, pyridazinium, quinazolinium, quinolinium, iso-quinolinium, quinoxalinium, selenozolium, sulfonium, tetrazolium, iso-thiadiazolium, thiazinium, thiazolium, thiophenium, thiuronium, triazadecenium, triazinium, triazolium, iso-triazolium, or uronium; X is fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine; a=j/i, i is 1, 2, 3, or 4, and j is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, and wherein the molar ratio of the metal halide to the organic compound is greater than 2, and the molar ratio of the metal halide to the halogen-containing salt is greater than 2; and wherein the metal halide is distinct from the halogen-containing salt.

US Pat. No. 10,340,551

ELECTROLYTE FOR NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY AND NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME

National Institute of Adv...

1. A nonaqueous secondary battery electrolyte comprising a salt containing a charge carrier comprising a molecular ion, wherein the salt containing a molecular ion is a salt comprising:a molecular cation represented by Formula (1):
wherein Y is an atom of Group 15 or 16 of the periodic table; each R1 is, independently, an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, or a halogen atom; two R1 may be bonded to form a ring together with adjacent Y; and m is 3 or 4; anda triflate anion (CF3SO3?), a perchlorate ion, or a molecular anion represented by Formula (2):
wherein Z is an atom of Group 15 of the periodic table; each R2 is, independently, an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, a halogen atom, or a group represented by —SO2Rf, wherein Rf is a fluorine atom or a fluoroalkyl group; and n is an integer of 2 to 6.

US Pat. No. 10,340,549

ELECTROLYTE AND BATTERY, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND VEHICLE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electrolyte represented by the following formula (1):(Li7?3x+yGax)(La3?yCay)Zr2O12  (1)wherein 0.1?x?1, and 0.01?y?0.5.

US Pat. No. 10,340,548

METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THIN FILMS OF SOLID ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

1. A process for fabrication of a solid electrolyte film for a battery, the process comprising:providing a conducting substrate film coated with one of an anode film or a cathode film;
depositing via electrophoretic deposition, from a suspension containing nanoparticles of electrolyte materials, on at least one of said conducting substrate film and said anode film or cathode film, a solid electrolyte film that does not contain any binder, at a thickness of less than 5 ?m, the nanoparticles having an average particle size of less than 100 nm;
drying the deposited solid electrolyte film; and
consolidating the solid electrolyte film via at least one of mechanical compression and heat treatment at a temperature that does not exceed a predetermined threshold of a melting temperature (expressed in ° C.) of one of the electrolyte materials having a lowest melting temperature from among the electrolyte materials, wherein the porosity of the solid electrolyte film is less than 10%.

US Pat. No. 10,340,546

SELF-RECHARGEABLE BIO-FUELING MICRO BATTERY WITH A GLUCOSE BURNING CHAMBER

Samuel Messinger, Ramot ...

1. A self-rechargeable bio-fueling micro battery, comprising:a bio-membrane configured to diffuse at least one bio-fluid across an anode electrode and a cathode electrode to generate electron follow for recharging the micro battery and/or for supplying a constant power supply to a connected bio-medical implanted device, whereby the bio-membrane comprises:
a biocompatible compartment comprising an anode electrode and a cathode electrode, and storing at least one of a chemical substance configured to generate electricity to power the bio-medical implanted device;
one or more biofuel compartments configured to store at least one biofuel that is able to generate an electrolyte to create a conductive path for electrons emitted by the anode electrode and the cathode electrode to generate electricity to recharge the micro battery and/or to power the bio-medical implanted device;
a processor in communication with the biocompatible compartment through a plurality of connectors that interface with the biofuel compartment to control the communication between a user mobile electronic computing device and the biomedical implant device; and
a balloon nipple extending from the micro battery into a surrounding tissue into which the micro battery is implanted and connected to the biocompatible compartment, and able to diffuse or be injected with the bio-fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,340,543

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SUPPRESSING CHROMIUM POISONING IN FUEL CELLS

Bloom Energy Corporation,...

1. A fuel cell stack, comprising:solid oxide fuel cells that comprise:
an electrolyte;
a cathode electrode having an outer surface and an opposing an inner surface disposed on a first side of the electrolyte;
an anode electrode disposed on a second side of the electrolyte; and
a chromium-getter material arranged in separate strips that are each disposed directly on the outer surface of the cathode electrode, such that portions of the outer surface are exposed between the strips; and
interconnects comprising interconnect ribs that at least partially define gas flow passages, the interconnects being disposed between the fuel cells, such that the chromium-getter material is disposed directly between the outer surface of each cathode electrode and a corresponding interconnect, wherein the ribs contact portions of the cathode electrode exposed by gaps between the strips of the chromium-getter material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,539

POWER CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A power conditioning system, comprising:a fuel cell connected to a load;
a fuel cell converter connected between the fuel cell and the load, the fuel cell converter converting an output voltage of the fuel cell at a predetermined required voltage ratio;
a battery connected to the load in parallel to the fuel cell, the battery serving as a power supply source different from the fuel cell;
a battery converter connected between the battery and the load, the battery converter converting an output voltage of the battery at a predetermined required voltage ratio;
a current bypass path configured to couple the fuel cell and the load while bypassing the fuel cell converter; and
a controller programmed to:
apply an alternating-current voltage signal to an output side of the fuel cell converter; and
estimate an internal state of the fuel cell on the basis of a predetermined physical quantity when the alternating-current voltage signal was applied by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,340,538

PERFORMANCE TESTING APPARATUS OF FUEL CELL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A performance testing apparatus of a fuel cell, comprising:a moving body configured to stack at least one unit cell and installed to be movable along a predetermined transporting path on a frame;
a pressurizing unit mounted to the frame, configured to press the unit cell on the moving body moved from a beginning stage side of the transporting path, and supply a reaction fluid to the unit cell; and
a terminal connection part mounted to the pressurizing unit side the frame and that connects a terminal to output a voltage of the unit cell to the unit cell,
wherein the pressurizing unit includes a press body mounted to a press frame on the frame to be movable in vertical direction and configured to press the unit cell stacked on the moving body.

US Pat. No. 10,340,536

MODULAR FUEL CELL STRUCTURE, CASING OF THE SAME, AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM

National Taipei Universit...

1. A modular fuel cell structure, which is adapted for injecting a first material and a second material for reaction; comprising:a casing, which has a reaction vessel recessed into a surface thereof, and has a first flow passage, a second flow passage, and a third flow passage provided therein, which all communicate with the reaction vessel, wherein the first flow passage is adapted for delivering the first material into the reaction vessel, the second flow passage is adapted for delivering the second material into the reaction vessel, and the third flow passage is adapted to exhaust the first material and the second material out from the reaction vessel after reaction;
an anode conductive sheet disposed in the reaction vessel;
an air electrode sheet disposed on a side of the anode conductive sheet opposite to the reaction vessel;
a separating membrane disposed between the anode conductive sheet and the air electrode sheet to electrically separate the anode conductive sheet and the air electrode sheet; and
a cathode conductive sheet disposed on the air electrode sheet, wherein the cathode conductive sheet is electrically connected to the air electrode sheet;
wherein the casing has a first surface, a second surface opposite to the first surface, a first end face, and a second end face opposite to the first end face; the first end face and the second end face are both connected to the first surface and the second surface, wherein the reaction vessel is formed on the first surface, and is recessed in a direction toward the second surface; one end of the first flow passage is exposed on a side of the casing near the first end face, while another end thereof communicates with a side of the reaction vessel near the second end face; one end of the second flow passage is exposed on the side of the casing near the first end face, while another end thereof communicates with another side of the reaction vessel near the first end face; one end of the third flow passage communicates with the another side of the reaction vessel near the first end face, while another end thereof is exposed on the side of the casing near the first end face;
wherein the casing further has two opposing side surfaces; a periphery of each of the side surfaces is connected to the first surface, the second surface, the first end face, and the second end face, wherein a distance between the two side surfaces gradually decreases in a direction from the first surface toward the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,534

REVISED FUEL CELL CYCLE FOR IN BLOCK REFORMING FUEL CELLS

LG FUEL CELL SYSTEMS INC....

11. A solid oxide fuel cell system comprising:a solid oxide fuel cell stack comprising at least one solid oxide fuel cell, each solid oxide fuel cell comprising an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte;
a reformer comprising cold-side channels and hot-side channels;
an anode loop for supplying fuel and reformate to the anode of each solid oxide fuel cell, said anode loop comprising:
a fuel inlet manifold in said fuel cell stack configured to supply fuel and reformate to the anode of each solid oxide fuel cell;
a fuel exhaust manifold configured to receive unused fuel from the anode of each solid oxide fuel cell;
a source of fuel;
an anode ejector configured to receive fuel from said fuel source and said fuel exhaust manifold;
the cold-side channels of said reformer configured to receive fuel from said anode ejector;
a cathode loop for supplying oxidant to the cathode of each solid oxide fuel cell, said cathode loop comprising:
an oxidant inlet manifold in said fuel cell stack configured to supply oxidant to the cathode of each solid oxide fuel cell;
an oxidant exhaust manifold in said fuel cell stack configured to receive unused oxidant from each cathode of said solid oxide fuel cells;
a source of oxidant;
a cathode ejector configured to receive oxidant from said oxidant source and said oxidant exhaust manifold and configured to supply oxidant to said oxidant inlet manifold; and
an auxiliary loop for combusting a portion of the unused fuel from said fuel exhaust manifold and a portion of the unused oxidant from said oxidant exhaust manifold, said auxiliary loop comprising:
the hot-side channels of said reformer configured to receive a portion of the unused oxidant from said oxidant exhaust manifold;
an auxiliary ejector configured to receive the oxidant from the hot-side channels of said reformer, a portion of the oxidant from said oxidant source, and a portion of the unused fuel from said fuel exhaust manifold; and
a combustor configured to receive the exhaust from said auxiliary ejector.

US Pat. No. 10,340,533

FUEL CELL STACK

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell stack comprising a fuel cell module including fuel cells stacked on one another, each fuel cell including a membrane electrode assembly having a power generation portion and two separators interposing the membrane electrode assembly,each fuel cell including a gas introduction hole from which power generation gas is introduced, a gas discharge hole from which the power generation gas is discharged, a coolant introduction hole from which a coolant is introduced, and a coolant discharge hole from which the coolant is discharged,
the two separators in each fuel cell interposing the power generation portion and being provided therebetween with a gas passage communicating with the gas introduction hole and the gas discharge hole,
each fuel cell including a gas seal portion for preventing the power generation gas from flowing out of the gas introduction hole, the gas discharge hole, and the gas passage, and a coolant seal portion for preventing the coolant from flowing into a space between the separators and the membrane electrode assembly,
the fuel cells adjacent to each other in the fuel cell module being provided therebetween with a coolant passage which communicates with the coolant introduction hole and the coolant discharge hole and has a power generation portion cooling portion for cooling the power generation portion,
the gas seal portion including a gas seal projection which projects from at least one of the two separators toward the membrane electrode assembly in each fuel cell and said gas seal portion is provided with a recess serving as the coolant passage on a side opposite to the membrane electrode assembly,
the coolant seal portion including a coolant seal projection which projects from the at least one of the two separators toward the membrane electrode assembly in each fuel cell and said coolant seal portion is provided with a recess serving as the coolant passage on the side opposite to the membrane electrode assembly,
at least one of the gas seal projection and the coolant seal projection being provided with a resistance portion configured to suppress a flow of the coolant out of the power generation portion cooling portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,530

ALKALINE DRY CELL

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An alkaline dry cell comprising:a bottomed cylindrical cell case;
a positive electrode packed in the cell case, and is made of a stack of n pieces of hollow cylindrical pellets;
a negative electrode disposed in a hollow portion of the pellets;
a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; and
an alkaline electrolytic solution,
wherein a thickness of a body portion of the cell case is 0.08 to 0.16 mm,
the positive electrode includes manganese dioxide and a conductive agent,
n is an integer of 3 or more,
an average density dm of manganese dioxide of the n pieces of the pellets is 2.80 to 3.00 g/cm3, and
a density dc of manganese dioxide of at least one pellet positioned in a middle portion in a height direction of the stack is 2.75 g/cm3 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,340,525

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY POSITIVE ELECTRODE AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.,...

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery positive electrode comprising:a positive electrode active material layer which includes:
a positive electrode active material containing a lithium transition metal oxide;
a tungsten compound;
a phosphoric acid compound not in contact with the positive electrode active material; and
an electrically conductive agent in contact with the tungsten compound and the phosphoric acid compound.

US Pat. No. 10,340,522

BINDER COMPOSITION FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE BINDER COMPOSITION, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE ELECTRODE

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A binder composition for a lithium secondary battery, the binder composition comprising an interpenetrating network structure that includes:a cyclic polymer, the cyclic polymer including a repeating unit represented by Formula 1 or a repeating unit represented by Formula 2; and
a copolymer, the copolymer including a repeating unit represented by Formula 3 and a repeating unit represented by Formula 4,
wherein an amount of the repeating unit represented by Formula 3 is about 40 mol % to about 70 mol %, based on a total amount of the copolymer:

wherein, in Formulae 1 and 2, R1, R2, R11, R12, R14, and R15 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C5 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkynyl group, or —(CH2)p—COOX1, in which p is an integer of 1 to 5 and X1 is an alkali metal,
R3, R13, and R16 are each independently —OR4, —NHR5, or —COOX2,
R4 is a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C5 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkynyl group, or —(CH2)p—COOX1, in which p is an integer of 1 to 5 and X1 is an alkali metal,
R5 is a hydrogen atom or —COCH3,
X2 is an alkali metal, and
n and m are each independently an integer of 5 to 20,000,

wherein, in Formula 3, R6 and R7 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkenyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkynyl group,

wherein, in Formula 4, R4 and R5 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkenyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkynyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,340,521

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.,...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising a positive electrode containing a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode containing a negative electrode active material, a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and a nonaqueous electrolyte, wherein the positive electrode active material is a layered lithium transition metal oxide, the positive electrode active material has a crystallite size of 140 nm or less, the negative electrode active material contains at least carbon, and the nonaqueous electrolyte contains 2 to 30% by volume of fluoroethylene carbonate,the positive electrode active material containing Ni and at least one additional metal element other than Li, wherein the percentage of Ni relative to a total number of moles of the at least one additional metal element other than Li is 50% or more by mole, and
wherein the positive electrode active material is LixNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 (1.0?x?1.1).

US Pat. No. 10,340,516

POSITIVELY CHARGED SILICON FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

UMICORE, Brussels (BE)

1. A negative electrode material for a lithium rechargeable battery, the material comprising a core comprising silicon, wherein the core has an average particle size between 20 nm and 200 nm, wherein the surface of the core is at least partly covered by a coating comprising inorganic nanoparticles, and wherein the material has a positive zeta potential in an interval between pH 3.5 and 9.5.

US Pat. No. 10,340,514

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A lithium ion secondary battery comprising a positive electrode containing a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode, and an electrolyte,wherein the negative electrode comprises a negative electrode active material layer containing a negative electrode active material comprising silicon (Si) as a constituent element, wherein a coating comprising iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and oxygen (O) as constituent elements is formed on a surface of the negative electrode active material layer, and a ratio (Fe/Si) of Fe of the coating to Si of the negative electrode active material layer is in a range of 0.001% by mass or more and 1.0% by mass or less; and
the positive electrode active material comprises a lithium iron manganese-based composite oxide having a layered rock-salt structure and represented by the following formula (1):
LixM1yM2z-sFesO2-?  (1)
wherein x, y, z, s and ?satisfy conditions of 1.05?x?1.32, 0.33?y?0.63, 0.06?z?0.50, 0.06?s?0.50, z?s, and 0???0.80, M1 represents at least one metal element selected from Mn, Ti and Zr, and including Mn, and M2 represents at least one metal element selected from Co, Ni and Mn.

US Pat. No. 10,340,512

COMPOSITE MADE OF POROUS CARBON AND SULFER-CONTAINING ACTIVE MATERIAL AS WELL AS METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

1. A method for producing a composite consisting of porous carbon and sulfur-containing active material, said method comprising:(a) providing a carbon powder of porous carbon;
(b) preparing a dispersion of the carbon powder, the sulfur-containing active material, and an aqueous medium;
(c) performing a hydrothermal treatment of the dispersion at a temperature sufficient for melting sulfur so as to form a liquid phase containing sulfur melt and water and to cause infiltration of pores of the porous carbon with the liquid phase; and
(d) removing the water and insulating the composite; and wherein a weight ratio of a weight of the aqueous medium to a weight of solid phase in the dispersion is between 0.5:1 and 3:1;
wherein the provision of the carbon powder comprises a template method in which a carbon skeleton is built up around a structure-directing template of a porous SiO2 soot template material, and the template material is thereupon removed.

US Pat. No. 10,340,511

ELECTRODE, NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, BATTERY PACK AND VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An electrode comprising:a current collector; and
an active material-containing layer which is provided on the current collector and comprises active material particles and insulator particles,
the active material-containing layer having a first face facing the current collector and a second face as a surface of the active material-containing layer, the second face comprising a surface of a part of the insulator particles,
wherein a volume ratio of the insulator particles decreases from the second face toward the first face in the active material-containing layer, and
wherein the insulator particles are present in a region of the active material-containing layer from the second face up to a level in the active material-containing layer, and a distance from the first face to the level is T1, and the distance T1 is within the range of 0.01?T1/T ?0.9, wherein T is a distance from the first face to the second face of the active material-containing layer, and
wherein the average particle size of the insulator particles falls within a range from 10 nm to 70 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,340,510

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, PREPARING METHOD THEREOF, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING POSITIVE ELECTRODE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A positive electrode active material for a lithium secondary battery, the positive electrode active material comprising nickel, cobalt, and manganese,wherein:
the positive electrode active material has a core part and a surface part,
an amount of manganese in the core part and the surface part is higher than 25 mol %,
amounts of nickel and cobalt in the positive electrode active material vary such that a concentration gradient of the nickel and the cobalt in a direction from the core part to the surface part is present in the positive electrode active material,
the amount of nickel in the core part is about 50 mol % or higher, and
the amount of nickel in the surface part is in a range of about 30 mol % to about 40 mol %.

US Pat. No. 10,340,509

ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND BATTERY

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electrode assembly comprising:an assembly including:
an active material section including an active material constituted of a transition metal oxide, the active material section including multiple through holes therein;
a solid electrolyte section including a solid electrolyte having an ion-conducting property; and
a multiple oxide section including at least one of a metal multiple oxide represented by Formula (II) or a derivative thereof, the multiple oxide section being formed in a lamellar form so as to cover the active material section and cover surfaces of the multiple through holes; and
a collector provided on at least one of the active material section and the multiple oxide section,
wherein the Formula (II) is:
Ln2Li0.5M0.5O4   (II)
where Ln represents a lanthanoid element, and M represents a transition metal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,508

POROUS SILICON OXIDE (SIO) ANODE ENABLED BY A CONDUCTIVE POLYMER BINDER AND PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT BY STABILIZED LITHIUM METAL POWER (SLMP)

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method of forming a porous laminate comprising a copper foil current collector in electrical contact with a covering layer of a composition of matter comprising an active electrode material silicon monoxide (SiO), a porous conductive binder, and a stabilized lithium metal powder (SLMP), wherein silicon monoxide (SiO) in powder form is combined with stabilized lithium metal powder (SLMP) in powder form, sodium chloride (NaCl) particles, and the conductive binder, the four components mixed in an organic solvent to form a slurry, the slurry then deposited onto the copper foil current collector, followed by drying, the dried laminate is then soaked in a methanol/water mixture to dissolve the NaCl particles, followed by drying, and wherein the conductive binder is porous with an average pore size of about 10-50 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,340,503

POUCH-SHAPED SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING ELECTRODE LEAD HAVING NOTCH FORMED THEREIN

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A pouch-shaped secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly in which a positive electrode and a negative electrode are stacked with a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode;
an electrode lead electrically connected to electrode tabs of the electrode assembly;
a pouch-shaped battery case made of a laminate sheet including an outer coating layer, a metal layer, and an inner sealant layer; and
a lead box disposed on a sealed portion of the battery case for receiving the electrode lead,
wherein the electrode lead includes a lower electrode lead, which is electrically connected to the electrode tabs, and an upper electrode lead, a portion of which is coupled to the lower electrode lead, and
wherein the portion of the upper electrode lead includes a notch that is configured to rupture and electrically separate the upper electrode lead and the lower electrode lead when a pressure difference between a space within the lead box above the upper electrode lead and a space within the lead box below the lower electrode lead exceeds a predetermined pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,340,499

SEALED SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A sealed secondary battery comprisingan electrode unit as a power generator having a positive electrode and a negative electrode,
a battery case housing the electrode unit,
an electrode terminal electrically connected to the electrode unit, and
a current cutoff mechanism that is arranged in a conductive path between the electrode unit and the electrode terminal to cutoff the conductive path when a pressure rise occurs inside the battery case,
with the current cutoff mechanism comprising
a current collector that is a plate-shaped member electrically connected to the electrode unit and has a thin portion formed relatively thinner than its surrounding, and
a current breaking valve that is a plate-shaped member having a ring-shaped flange electrically connected to the electrode terminal and a concavity descending from the flange toward the thin portion, is placed opposite the thin portion of the current collector, and is in contact at the concavity with the thin portion,
wherein, the concavity of the current breaking valve is configured to comprise a sloped side wall which tapers with decreasing diameter from the inner circumference of the ring-shaped flange to the thin portion and further comprise a dome descending in a spherical cap shape from a rim of the sloped side wall toward the thin portion,
an angle ? between the sloped side wall and a line extending orthogonally from the current corrector and intersecting the inner circumference of the ring-shaped flange satisfies 60°???75°,
the spherical cap-shaped dome has a sphere radius R of 30 mm or larger, but smaller than 100 mm, and
in a planer view along a rotation axis L of the sloped side wall, the outer circumference of the dome is located outside the outer circumference of the thin portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,498

ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY WITH TAB-LEAD COUPLER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A battery cell, comprising:an electrode assembly including electrode plates respectively having an electrode tab protruding therefrom and separators, which are alternately stacked on one another in a vertical direction, the electrode tabs being in a bent state and bent relative to the respective electrode plates in the vertical direction of the electrode assembly, the electrode assembly including an electrode lead coupled with an end of the bent electrode tab to form a tab-lead coupler, the tab-lead coupler having an end surrounded by an insulating cap; and
a battery case configured to accommodate the electrode assembly so that the electrode lead is partially exposed outwards,
wherein, when the electrode assembly is assembled within the battery case, the tab-lead coupler is located on an extension line of an outermost electrode plate of the electrode assembly and extends in parallel to an outer surface of the outermost electrode plate, which is located at a side where the electrode tabs are bent, and the tab-lead coupler is opposite to one side of the electrode assembly having the protruded electrode tab, the insulating cap surrounding the end of the tab-lead coupler contacting the outermost electrode plate of the electrode assembly,
wherein the separator is larger than the electrode plate, and the electrode tab is bent toward the tab-lead coupler without coming into contact with an end of the electrode plate by means of an excess portion of the separator elongated farther than the electrode plate, and
wherein the excess portion of the separator is in a bent state and bent relative to the electrode plates toward the tab-lead coupler together with the electrode tabs such that the electrode tabs are bent while being in tight contact with one side of the electrode assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,340,495

POWER STORAGE UNIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A flexible power storage unit comprising:a flexible external body;
a positive electrode provided inside the flexible external body, the positive electrode including a positive electrode tab portion protruding in a first direction;
a negative electrode provided inside the flexible external body, the negative electrode including a negative electrode tab portion protruding in the first direction;
a first lead electrode provided on the positive electrode tab portion, the first lead electrode having:
a first region over and in contact with the positive electrode tab portion;
a first folded portion at which the first lead electrode is folded on the positive electrode tab portion; and
a second region being adjacent to the first folded portion of the first lead electrode and provided over the first region of the first lead electrode; and
a second lead electrode provided on the negative electrode tab portion, the second lead electrode having:
a first region over and in contact with a first folded portion at which the second lead electrode is folded on the negative electrode tab portion; and
a second region being adjacent to the first folded portion of the second lead electrode and provided over the first region of the second lead electrode,
wherein the first folded portion, the first region, and a first part of the second region of the first lead electrode, the first folded portion, the first region, and a first part of the second region of the second lead electrode, the positive electrode tab portion, and the negative electrode tab portion are provided inside the flexible external body.

US Pat. No. 10,340,488

BATTERY PACK

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a case configured to accommodate a plurality of battery modules, each of the plurality of battery modules including a plurality of battery cells;
at least one of the plurality of battery modules; and
a protection cover coupled to the case and configured to be capable of opening or closing, the protection cover being further configured to protect an installation member installed in the case,
wherein the protection cover is pivotally coupled to the case,
wherein the protection cover is separable from the case, depending on a pivoting angle of the protection cover, and
wherein the at least one of the plurality of battery modules is in the case.

US Pat. No. 10,340,484

HERMETIC PACKAGING MEMBER FOR FLEXIBLE ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE INCLUDING THE HERMETIC PACKAGING MEMBER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A hermetic packaging member for packaging and sealing an electrode assembly of an electrochemical device, the hermetic packaging member comprising:an edge unit; and
a receiving unit having a predetermined depth in a thickness direction of the hermetic packaging member from the edge unit to receive the electrode assembly therein, wherein the edge unit surrounds the receiving unit when viewed from a plan view in the thickness direction,
wherein the receiving unit comprises:
a slope portion connected to the edge unit; and
a plateau portion connected to the slope portion,
wherein the slope portion comprises a plurality of ridges and a plurality of valleys defined between the plurality of ridges, and
wherein the plateau portion of the receiving unit protrudes from the edge unit in a thickness direction of the edge unit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,482

ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage apparatus, comprising:a first energy storage device and a second energy storage device which are arranged adjacent to each other in a first direction, and each of which includes an electrode assembly and a case for housing the electrode assembly;
a spacer which is arranged adjacent to the case and between the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device; and
a holder which holds the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device and the spacer,
wherein each of the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device includes:
an insulating film which covers an outer surface of the case and is adhered to at least a portion of the outer surface of the case; and
an adhesive layer which adheres the insulating film to the outer surface of the case,
wherein the spacer includes:
a plurality of first contact portions including at least one of an edge and a corner which is in contact with the outer surface of the case of the first energy storage device with the insulating film interposed therebetween; and
a plurality of second contact portions including at least one of an edge and a corner which is in contact with the outer surface of the case of the second energy storage device with the insulating film interposed therebetween,
wherein the plurality of the first contact portions and the plurality of the second contact portions are arranged alternately when viewed from a second direction orthogonal to the first direction,
wherein the insulating film of the first energy storage device is adhered to the outer surface of the case of the first energy storage device in a first adhesion zone which overlaps with at least one of the edge and the corner of the first contact portions in the first direction,
wherein the insulating film of the second energy storage device is adhered to the outer surface of the case of the second energy storage device in a second adhesion zone which overlaps with at least one of the edge and the corner of the second contact portions in the first direction,
wherein the plurality of the first contact portions and the plurality of the second contact portions form a base of the spacer, the base extending in a third direction orthogonal to the first direction and the second direction, and
wherein, in the base, the plurality of the first contact portions protrude toward the case of the first energy storage device in the first direction, and the plurality of the second contact portions protrude toward the case of the second energy storage device in a direction opposite to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,340,477

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a substrate comprising:
a first surface,
a second surface opposite to the first surface,
a first area,
a second area at an end portion of the substrate, and
a bent area between the first and second areas, the first surface in the bent area arranged facing outside the display device and the second surface in the bent area arranged inside the display device;
a display element on the first surface in the first area of the substrate;
an electronic element on the first surface in the second area of the substrate;
a bending protective layer on the first surface in the bent area of the substrate, the bending protective layer extending from the bent area of the substrate to cover the electronic element in the second area of the substrate; and
a protective film on the second surface of the substrate, wherein a groove is defined in the protective film in the bent area of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,474

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a substrate comprising an active area and a sealing area surrounding the active area;
a display unit disposed in the active area of the substrate, and comprising a plurality of organic light-emitting devices; and
a sealing member disposed in the sealing area, the sealing member comprising:
a lower sealing member extending in a first direction;
an upper sealing member positioned at an opposite side of the active area from the lower sealing member; and
a right sealing member and a left sealing member extending in a second direction intersecting the first direction,
wherein:
the upper sealing member comprises a first portion, a second portion, and a third portion, the third portion disposed between the first portion and the second portion and connecting the first portion to the second portion;
the first portion and the second portion extend in the first direction; and
the first portion is located closer to the lower sealing member than the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,472

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a base substrate;
a first transistor above the base substrate and comprising a first input electrode, a first output electrode, a first semiconductor pattern below a first insulation layer, and a first control electrode above the first insulation layer and below a second insulation layer;
a second transistor above the base substrate and comprising a second input electrode, a second output electrode, a second control electrode above the first insulation layer and below the second insulation layer, and a second semiconductor pattern above the second insulation layer;
at least one third insulation layer above the second insulation layer;
a light emitting diode above the at least one third insulation layer and above the second control electrode; and
a capacitor electrically connected to at least one of the first transistor or the second transistor,
wherein the capacitor comprises:
a first electrode disposed on a same layer as the first control electrode; and
a second electrode disposed below the first electrode,
wherein the second insulation layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,340,468

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a base film;
a display-element layer over the base film, the display-element layer having a display region including a plurality of pixels; and
a cap film over the display-element layer, wherein
the base film has a first gap separating the base film into a first region and a second region,
the cap film has a second gap separating the cap film into a third region and a fourth region,
the display-element layer comprises an insulating film extending over the first region and the second region and overlapping the first gap, and
the insulating film extends over a region overlapping with the third region and a region overlapping with the fourth region, and overlaps the second gap.

US Pat. No. 10,340,466

ORGANIC METAL COMPOUND, ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES EMPLOYING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An organic metal compound, having a structure of Formula (I) or Formula (II):
wherein, R1 is independently hydrogen, C1-12 alkyl group, C1-12 alkoxy group, amine, C2-6 alkenyl group, C2-6 alkynyl group, C5-10 cycloalkyl group, C3-12 heteroaryl group, or C6-12 aryl group; R2, R3, R4, and R5 are independently hydrogen, halogen, C1-12 alkyl group, C1-12 alkoxy group, C1-12 fluoroalkyl group, or two adjacent groups of R2, R3, R4, and R5 are optionally combined with the carbon atoms which they are attached to, to form a cycloalkyl group, or aryl group; R6 and R7 are independent C1-6 alkyl group, or phenyl group; R8, R9, R10, and R11 are independently hydrogen, halogen, C1-12 alkyl group, C1-12 fluoroalkyl group, or two adjacent groups of R8, R9, R10, and R11 are optionally combined with the carbon atoms which they are attached to, to form a cycloalkyl group, or aryl group; R12, R13, R14, and R15 are independently hydrogen, halogen, C1-12 alkyl group, C1-12 fluoroalkyl group, or two adjacent groups of R12, R13, R14, and R15 are optionally combined with the carbon atoms which they are attached to, to form a cycloalkyl group, or aryl group; m is 1 or 2; and, n is 0 or 1.

US Pat. No. 10,340,463

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
an organic layer between the first electrode and the second electrode and comprising:
an emission layer,
a hole transport region between the first electrode and the emission layer and comprising an electron blocking layer and at least one selected from a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, and a buffer layer; and
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the second electrode and comprising a hole blocking layer and at least one selected from an electron transport layer and an electron injection layer,
wherein a triplet energy of a material for the electron blocking layer (EBL T1) and a triplet energy of a material for the hole blocking layer (HBL T1) satisfy the following Equation:
EBL T1>HBL T1.

US Pat. No. 10,340,459

TERAHERTZ DETECTION AND SPECTROSCOPY WITH FILMS OF HOMOGENEOUS CARBON NANOTUBES

International Business Ma...

1. A method for forming a detector, comprising:aligning a plurality of purified semiconducting carbon nanotubes on a substrate, in parallel, to form a stack of nanotube monolayers;
cutting the aligned plurality of semiconducting carbon nanotubes in the stack of nanotube monolayers to a uniform length corresponding to a detection frequency; and
forming metal contacts at opposite ends of the stack of nanotube monolayers.

US Pat. No. 10,340,454

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel; and
a first protective substrate positioned under the display panel and including a first sub-region and a second sub-region positioned at a first side of the first sub-region,
wherein a thickness of the first protective substrate in the first sub-region is greater than a thickness of the first protective substrate in the second sub-region,
wherein the first protective substrate further comprises:
a first cut surface positioned at the first side of the first sub-region; and
a second cut surface positioned at a side of the second sub-region, which is opposite to the first side of the first sub-region, and which is substantially parallel with the first cut surface, and
wherein a slope of the first cut surface is different from a slope of the second cut surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,453

FORMING AND OPERATING MEMORY DEVICES THAT UTILIZE CORRELATED ELECTRON MATERIAL (CEM)

ARM Ltd., Cambridge (GB)...

1. A device comprising:a resistive memory element having a first terminal and a second terminal; and
a correlated electron material (CEM) device coupled in series with the resistive memory element, the CEM device to couple with the resistive memory element between a common top electrode and a common bottom electrode in read operations or write operations for the resistive memory element, and wherein the CEM device is configured to operate in a region of an impedance profile that is absent a Mott or Mott-like transition during the read operations or the write operations for the resistive memory element.

US Pat. No. 10,340,452

VARIABLE RESISTANCE ELEMENT, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

NEC CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. A variable resistance element comprising a configuration in which an ion conduction layer is arranged between an upper electrode and a lower electrode, whereinat least a side surface of the lower electrode is covered by a barrier metal,
a step-like recess part is formed on a top surface of the lower electrode, a portion of the barrier metal located near the top surface of the lower electrode is also removed to form a part of the step-like recess part, and
the ion conduction layer is formed in contact with at least the step-like recess part on a surface of the lower electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,340,450

RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY STRUCTURE AND FORMING METHOD THEREOF

WINBOND ELECTRONICS CORP....

1. A resistive random access memory structure, comprising: an interlayer dielectric (TLD) layer formed on a substrate, wherein the ILD layer is a dielectric comprising oxygen; an oxygen diffusion barrier layer formed on the ILD layer; a bottom electrode layer formed on the oxygen diffusion barrier layer; wherein the bottom electrode layer comprises: a first electrode layer formed on the oxygen diffusion barrier layer; a single layer of a first oxygen-rich layer formed on the first electrode layer; and a second electrode layer formed on the first oxygen-rich layer; a resistive switching layer formed on the bottom electrode layer; a second oxygen-rich layer between the resistive switching layer and the second electrode layer; a third electrode layer formed on the resistive switching layer; a single layer of an oxygen stopping layer formed on the third electrode layer; and a fourth electrode layer formed on the oxygen stopping layer, wherein the single layer of the first oxygen-rich layer directly contacts the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer, and the single layer of the oxygen stopping layer directly contacts the third electrode layer and the fourth electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,447

THREE-TERMINAL METASTABLE SYMMETRIC ZERO-VOLT BATTERY MEMRISTIVE DEVICE

International Business Ma...

1. A memristive structure for providing symmetric modulation between resistance states, the structure comprising:a first electrode and a second electrode each directly contacting an insulating substrate therein;
an anode contacting the first and second electrodes;
an ionic conductor formed over the anode;
a cathode formed over the ionic conductor; and
a third electrode formed over the cathode;
wherein the anode and the cathode are formed from metastable materials enabling bidirectional transport of ions between the anode and cathode resulting in a resistance adjustment of the memristive structure.

US Pat. No. 10,340,445

PSTTM DEVICE WITH BOTTOM ELECTRODE INTERFACE MATERIAL

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) material layer stack over a substrate, the stack comprising:one or more electrode interface material layers comprising Ta or CoFeB over a first electrode metal;
a seed layer comprising Pt over the electrode interface material layers;
a synthetic antiferromagnet (SAF) stack over the seed layer;
a fixed magnetic material layer between the SAF and a free magnetic material layer; and
a dielectric material layer between the fixed magnetic material layer and the free magnetic material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,444

SEMICONDUCTOR ELEMENT WITH HALL ELEMENT AND SEALING RESIN

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a Hall element including a functional surface and at least one electrode provided on the functional surface;
a sealing resin including a resin obverse surface and a resin reverse surface spaced apart from each other in a thickness direction, the sealing resin covering at least a portion of the Hall element; and
at least one mount surface electrically connected to the electrode and exposed from the resin reverse surface,
wherein the Hall element includes an exposed surface opposite to the functional surface, the exposed surface being flush with either one of the resin obverse surface and the resin reverse surface,
as viewed in the thickness direction, the sealing resin surrounds the Hall element and overlaps with the Hall element.

US Pat. No. 10,340,443

PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC MEMORY WITH FILAMENT CONDUCTION PATH

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:first and second electrodes on a substrate;
a perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction (pMTJ), between the first and second electrodes, comprising a dielectric layer between a fixed layer and a free layer; and
a third electrode layer, between the pMTJ and the first electrode, including an additional dielectric layer between first and second metal layers;
wherein first metal layer includes a first metal comprising at least one of Copper (Cu), Hafnium (Hf), Titanium (Ti), Ruthenium (Ru), Aluminum, or Silver (Ag), the second metal layer includes a second metal including at least one of Tungsten (W), Hafnium (Hf), Tantalum (Ta), Platinum (Pt), Palladium (Pd) and Ti, and the additional dielectric layer includes a dielectric and the first metal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,441

LEAD-FREE PIEZOELECTRIC CERAMIC COMPOSITION, PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT USING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LEAD-FREE PIEZOELECTRIC CERAMIC COMPOSITION

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A lead-free piezoelectric ceramic composition whose main phase is of an alkali niobate/tantalate perovskite oxide having piezoelectric properties and whose subphase is of a metal oxide different from the main phase, wherein:the mole ratio (Na/K) between Na (sodium) and K (potassium) in the main phase falls within a range represented by 0.40<(Na/K)<3.0;
the main phase has a crystal structure in which
(i) first spots corresponding to a primitive lattice period and
(ii) second spots corresponding to a lattice period two times the primitive lattice period and being weaker than the first spots appear in an electron beam diffraction image obtained through a transmission electron microscope on the condition that an electron beam enters from the <100> direction with the main phase represented as a pseudo-cubic crystal system; and
the water absorption rate of the lead-free piezoelectric ceramic composition is 0.1% or less.

US Pat. No. 10,340,440

ELECTRONIC DEVICE, METHOD FOR PRODUCING ELECTRONIC DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a base material having a first surface;
a first metal film disposed on the first surface and containing nitrogen and chromium; and
a second metal film disposed on a surface of the first metal film on the opposite side to the first surface and containing gold, wherein:
the first metal film includes a region in which the number of nitrogen atoms in the first metal film is between 20% to 100% of the number of chromium atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,340,435

THERMOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A thermoelectric conversion device, comprising at least one thermoelectric conversion unit, wherein each of the at least one thermoelectric conversion unit comprising:at least one first electrode, having a first fluid channel embedded therein, so as to form a hollow structure;
at least one second electrode, having a second fluid channel embedded therein, so as to form a hollow structure;
a P-type thermoelectric material, located between each of the at least one first electrode and each of the at least one second electrode; and
an N-type thermoelectric material, wherein each of the at least one second electrode is located between the P- type thermoelectric material and the N-type thermoelectric material; and
at least four insulation conduits, wherein each of two terminals of the first fluid channel and two terminals of the second fluid channel respectively connects with different insulation conduits,
wherein each of the at least one first electrode, the P-type thermoelectric material, each of the at least one second electrode, and the N-type thermoelectric material are arranged in a sequence along a direction.

US Pat. No. 10,340,431

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE WITH METAL BUMP

EPISTAR CORPORATION, Hsi...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a light-emitting diode comprising:
an active layer; and
a pad electrically connected to the active layer;
a metal bump, formed under the pad in a cross-sectional view, and having a first side surface and a first bottom surface which is observed in a bottom view different from the cross-sectional view;
a reflective insulation layer enclosing the metal bump in a configuration of exposing the first bottom surface and directly contacting the first side surface; and
a plurality of scratched lines directly formed on the first bottom surface,
wherein the metal bump has an oval shape in the bottom view, and
wherein the reflective insulation layer has a bottommost surface which is flush or coplanar with the metal bump.

US Pat. No. 10,340,430

OPTOELECTRONIC LAMP DEVICE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors...

1. An optoelectronic lamp device comprising:an optoelectronic semiconductor component comprising a top side comprising a light-emitting face,
a housing embedding the optoelectronic semiconductor component and leaving free the light-emitting face, and
an electrical plated-through hole,
wherein a housing face is coated with a light-scattering dielectric resist layer that scatters light incident on a face of the light-scattering dielectric resist layer facing away from the housing face,
a burr is formed at an edge of the top side of the optoelectronic semiconductor component, said burr being coated with the light-scattering dielectric resist layer,
the electrical plated-through hole runs from a top side of the housing to an underside of the housing situated opposite to the top side and is embedded in the housing,
said electrical plated-through hole comprising a top side partly coated by the light-scattering dielectric resist layer,
an underside situated opposite the top side of the electrical plated-through hole, and an electrical contact pad is configured at the top side of the electrical plated-through hole, the electrical contact pad being free of the light scattering dielectric resist layer and electrically connected to an electrical contact pad configured at the top side of the optoelectronic semiconductor component.

US Pat. No. 10,340,428

ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electro-optical device comprising:a light-emitting layer that has a first light-emitting element and a second light-emitting element adjacent to each other;
a color filter layer that has a first color filter provided corresponding to the first light-emitting element and a second color filter provided corresponding to the second light-emitting element;
a first resonator that has the first light-emitting element and enhances an intensity of light in a first wavelength region; and
a second resonator that has the second light-emitting element and enhances an intensity of light in a second wavelength region,
wherein the first color filter transmits light from the first resonator,
the second color filter transmits light from the second resonator,
an inter-element distance between the first light-emitting element and the second light-emitting element is 1.5 ?m or less, and
a thickness of layer between the light-emitting layer and the color filter layer is 6 times or less the inter-element distance.

US Pat. No. 10,340,425

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE HAVING LIGHT BLOCKING LAYER

Seoul Viosys Co., Ltd., ...

1. A light emitting diode, comprising:a substrate comprising an upper surface and side surfaces;
a semiconductor stack disposed under the substrate and comprising a first conductivity type semiconductor layer, a second conductivity type semiconductor layer, and an active layer interposed between the first conductivity type semiconductor layer and the second conductivity type semiconductor layer; and
a light blocking layer covering the upper surface and the side surfaces of the substrate to define a light emitting surface on the upper surface of the substrate,
wherein the light emitting surface is divided into a plurality of regions by the light blocking layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,423

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

EPISTAR CORPORATION, Hsi...

1. A light-emitting device, comprising:a semiconductor structure comprising a surface and a side wall inclined to the surface, wherein the semiconductor structure comprises a first semiconductor layer, a second semiconductor layer on the first semiconductor layer, and an active layer between the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer, and the second semiconductor layer comprises a first edge and a first area;
a reflective layer located on the second semiconductor layer and comprising an outer edge and a second area, wherein a distance between the first edge and the outer edge is between 0 ?m and 10 ?m, and the second area of the reflective layer is not less than 80% of the first area of the second semiconductor layer;
a first contact part comprising a metal formed on the reflective layer and the first semiconductor layer; and
a second contact part comprising a metal formed on the reflective layer, wherein the first contact part comprises a first periphery comprising a first periphery length larger than a periphery length of the active layer, and the second contact part comprises a second periphery surrounded by the first periphery of the first contact part from a top-view of the light-emitting device.

US Pat. No. 10,340,419

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A light emitting device, comprising:a substrate;
first and second electrodes spaced apart from each other on the substrate;
at least one bar-type LED having a first end on the first electrode and a second end on the second electrode, the at least one bar-type LED having a length greater than a diameter;
an insulative body between the substrate and the bar-type LED;
an insulating film surrounding at least a part of an outer circumferential surface of the bar-type LED and exposing opposite side surfaces of the first and second ends; and
first and second contact electrodes respectively disposed on the first and second ends of the bar-type LED,
wherein the first contact electrode is in contact with an upper surface of the first electrode and the side surface of the first end, and the second contact electrode is in contact with an upper surface of the second electrode and the side surface of the second end, and
wherein at least one of the first and second contact electrodes contacts the insulating film.

US Pat. No. 10,340,418

ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE HAVING CURRENT BLOCKING LAYER

SEOUL VIOSYS CO., LTD., ...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a first conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
an active layer interposed between the first conductivity-type semiconductor layer and the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a current blocking layer disposed on the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a transparent electrode layer covering the current blocking layer;
a first electrode electrically connected to the first conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a second electrode disposed on the transparent electrode layer and electrically connected to the transparent electrode layer, the second electrode comprising a second electrode pad and a second electrode extension extending from the second electrode pad; and an insulating layer disposed under the first electrode; and a first reflective layer interposed between the first electrode and the insulting layer;
a second reflective layer interposed between the second electrode and the transparent electrode layer and having a curved shape,
wherein each of the second electrode pad and the second electrode extension covers at least part of the current blocking layer; and
wherein the second reflective layer includes at least one recess indented into the curved shape.

US Pat. No. 10,340,417

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE PACKAGE, AND LIGHTING SYSTEM COMPRISING SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a substrate;
a buffer layer provided on the substrate;
a light emitting structure provided on the buffer layer and including a first conductive semiconductor layer, a second conductive semiconductor layer, and an active layer interposed between the first conductive semiconductor layer and the second conductive semiconductor layer to emit ultraviolet light;
a plurality of air voids provided in the buffer layer; and
wherein each of the air voids has at least two inclined facets, which are different from each other based on the substrate,
wherein the at least two inclined facets of the air voids are provided to face the light emitting structure,
wherein the substrate includes a concavo-convex pattern, a portion of the buffer layer is provided in a concave pattern of the concavo-convex pattern, and the air voids are positioned above the portion of the buffer layer in the concave pattern, and
wherein the air voids are spaced apart from the concavo-convex pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,340,411

INSTALLATION FOR TREATING A MATERIAL

EISENMANN SE, Boeblingen...

1. An installation for treating a material comprising:a) a housing which delimits a treatment chamber, the housing comprising an envelope which separates an atmosphere which is present inside the envelope from an atmosphere which is present outside said envelope, wherein the atmosphere inside the envelope is a controlled atmosphere;
b) at least one supporting roller, which is arranged at least partly inside the treatment chamber, for conveying a material;
c) at least one mounting apparatus which is arranged outside the housing, the at least one mounting apparatus being associated with a wall of the housing, the at least one supporting roller being mounted by the at least one mounting apparatus;
wherein
d) a flexible compensating element is provided and extends between the at least one mounting apparatus and the wall of the housing associated with the at least one mounting apparatus,
da) a flange connected to a first end of the flexible compensating element, and
db) a second end of the flexible compensating element having a sealing arrangement connected thereto, the sealing arrangement extending between the second end of the flexible compensating element and the at least one mounting apparatus and separating the at least one mounting apparatus from the atmosphere which is present inside the envelope.

US Pat. No. 10,340,410

OPTOCOUPLER FOR THE CONTROL OF HIGH VOLTAGE

HARRIS CORPORATION, Melb...

1. A method of manufacturing an optocoupler comprising:positioning a body of a light source into a first mold such that electrical leads of the light source protrude from the first mold;
positioning a diode stack of a light detector into the first mold such that metal end caps and electrical leads of the light detector protrude from the first mold;
pouring optically transparent material into the first mold to create an optical cavity enclosing the body of the light source and the diode stack of the light detector; and
disposing a coating of optically reflective material over the optical cavity to form a reflective layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,408

NON-INVASIVE WEARABLE BRAIN INTERFACE SYSTEMS INCLUDING A HEADGEAR AND A PLURALITY OF SELF-CONTAINED PHOTODETECTOR UNITS CONFIGURED TO REMOVABLY ATTACH TO THE HEADGEAR

HI LLC, Los Angeles, CA ...

1. A non-invasive wearable brain interface system comprising:a headgear configured to be worn on a head of a user;
a plurality of self-contained photodetector units configured to removably attach to the headgear, the photodetector units each comprising a plurality of photodetectors configured to detect photons of light after the photons reflect from a target within a brain of the user; and
a master control unit communicatively coupled to each of the photodetector units by way of a plurality of wires and configured to control the photodetector units, the master control unit comprising an input power port configured to connect to a power cable that provides power from a power source for the master control unit and the photodetector units.

US Pat. No. 10,340,407

AVALANCHE PHOTODETECTOR

1. An avalanche photodetector (APD) comprising:a photo converter layer for signals to be converted into a current of free charge carriers; and
at least one avalanche amplifier for the current,
wherein the photo converter layer and the avalanche amplifier are located next to each other on the same substrate and are in direct contact with each other,
wherein the avalanche amplifier includes a contact layer and a multiplier layer,
wherein the multiplier layer is made of a semiconductor of the same conductivity type as the photo converter layer and faces the substrate while abutting the photo converter layer on one side, and
wherein a first electrode is on the contact layer of the avalanche amplifier, and the second electrode is on a bottom of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,399

OPTICAL DEVICE

PHOTONICS ELECTRONICS TEC...

1. An optical device comprising:a semiconductor layer which comprises Ge and has a (001) plane and a facet surface between the (001) plane and a (110) plane; and
a cap layer which comprises Si and is formed on the (001) plane and the facet surface of the semiconductor layer;
wherein a ratio of a film thickness of the cap layer at the facet surface to a film thickness of the cap layer at the (001) plane is equal to or greater than 0.4 and equal to or less than 0.77.

US Pat. No. 10,340,365

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A THIN FILM TRANSISTOR

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method of manufacturing a thin film transistor, comprising:providing a substrate;
depositing a buffer layer on the substrate and patterning the buffer layer, so as to form an active area of a thin film transistor;
sequentially depositing an insulation layer and a first metal layer on the substrate;
coating a photoresist on a gate region and a lightly doped region of the first metal layer, wherein the gate region and the lightly doped region are covered by a projection of the active area on the first metal layer;
metal etching the first metal layer excluding the gate region and the lightly doped region for exposing the insulation layer;
ashing the photoresist for exposing the lightly doped region of the first metal layer;
metal etching the first metal layer at the lightly doped region for forming a metal half tone mask;
implanting ions to the active area for forming a source region, a source lightly doped region, a channel region, a drain lightly doped region, and a drain region of the thin film transistor;
removing the photoresist;
depositing a media layer over the substrate, and forming a source through-hole and a drain through-hole on the media layer;
depositing a second metal layer over the substrate, and patterning the second metal layer, so as to form a source and a drain of the thin film transistor through the source through-hole and the drain through-hole;
depositing an organic planarization layer over the substrate, and forming a pixel electrode through-hole on the organic planarization layer; and
depositing a pixel electrode layer over the substrate, and patterning the pixel electrode layer, so as to form a corresponding pixel electrode through the pixel electrode through-hole;
wherein the step of depositing the buffer layer on the substrate and patterning the buffer layer, comprises:
depositing an amorphous silicon buffer layer on the substrate;
annealing the amorphous silicon buffer layer to form a polycrystalline silicon buffer layer; and
patterning the polycrystalline silicon buffer layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,357

DISHING PREVENTION DUMMY STRUCTURES FOR SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. An integrated circuit (IC) comprising:an inner ring-shaped isolation structure disposed in a semiconductor substrate, wherein the inner ring-shaped isolation structure demarcates a device region;
an inner ring-shaped well disposed in the semiconductor substrate and surrounding the inner ring-shaped isolation structure;
an outer ring-shaped isolation structure disposed in the semiconductor substrate and surrounding the inner ring-shaped well;
an outer ring-shaped well disposed in the semiconductor substrate and surrounding the outer ring-shaped isolation structure; and
a plurality of dummy gates arranged over both the inner ring-shaped well and the outer ring-shaped isolation structure, wherein the plurality of dummy gates are disposed in an interlayer dielectric (ILD) layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,350

SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A semiconductor structure, comprising:an isolation layer on a substrate, the isolation layer having a first gate trench;
a gate dielectric layer in the first gate trench;
a tantalum nitride layer on the gate dielectric layer;
a tantalum oxynitride layer on the tantalum nitride layer;
an n type work function metal layer formed on the tantalum oxynitride layer in the first gate trench; and
a filling metal formed on the n type work function metal layer in the first gate trench;
wherein the tantalum oxynitride layer has a gradient oxygen concentration decreased from a top surface of the tantalum oxynitride layer toward the tantalum nitride layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,347

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND SEMICONDUCTOR MODULE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A semiconductor device in a face-down, chip-size package, including: a semiconductor substrate that is rectangular and includes an impurity of a first conductivity type; a low-concentration impurity layer that is in contact with a top surface of the semiconductor substrate and includes an impurity of the first conductivity type in a lower concentration than a concentration of the impurity of the first conductivity type included in the semiconductor substrate; and a metal layer that is in contact with an entire bottom surface of the semiconductor substrate and includes only a metal material, the semiconductor device having a curvature at room temperature that curves in a lengthwise direction of the semiconductor substrate, the semiconductor device comprising:a first vertical metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistor in a first region of the low-concentration impurity layer; and
a second vertical MOS transistor in a second region of the low-concentration impurity layer adjacent to the first region,
wherein the first vertical MOS transistor includes, on a surface of the low-concentration impurity layer, a first gate electrode and a plurality of first source electrodes,
the second vertical MOS transistor includes, on the surface of the low-concentration impurity layer, a second gate electrode and a plurality of second source electrodes,
the semiconductor substrate acts as a common drain region for a first drain region of the first vertical MOS transistor and a second drain region of the second vertical MOS transistor,
a bidirectional channel from the plurality of first source electrodes to the plurality of second source electrodes via the first drain region, the metal layer, and the second drain region is a principal current channel,
in a plan view of the semiconductor substrate, the first gate electrode is arranged with no other electrode disposed between the first gate electrode and a first short side of the semiconductor substrate,
the plurality of first source electrodes include a plurality of first source electrodes that are approximately rectangular in a plan view of the semiconductor substrate,
in a plan view of the semiconductor substrate, the plurality of first source electrodes that are approximately rectangular are arranged in stripes extending parallel to the lengthwise direction of the semiconductor substrate,
in a plan view of the semiconductor substrate, the second gate electrode is arranged with no other electrode disposed between the second gate electrode and a second short side of the semiconductor substrate,
the plurality of second source electrodes include a plurality of second source electrodes that are approximately rectangular in a plan view of the semiconductor substrate,
in a plan view of the semiconductor substrate, the plurality of second source electrodes that are approximately rectangular are arranged in stripes extending parallel to the lengthwise direction of the semiconductor substrate,
in a plan view of the semiconductor substrate, a boundary line between the first region and the second region is an approximate line segment, and
in a plan view of the semiconductor substrate, the first gate electrode and the second gate electrode are symmetrical to one another with respect to the boundary line, and the plurality of first source electrodes and the plurality of second source electrodes are symmetrical to one another with respect to the boundary line.

US Pat. No. 10,340,341

SELF-LIMITING AND CONFINING EPITAXIAL NUCLEATION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of fabricating a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming a fin in a substrate, the fin comprising a first semiconductor material;
depositing a spacer material on the fin;
recessing the spacer material so that a surface of the fin is exposed;
removing a portion of the fin within lateral sidewalls of the spacer material to form a recess, leaving a portion of the first semiconductor material of the fin on the lateral sidewalls; and
depositing a second semiconductor material within the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,340,332

FOLDED TERMINATION WITH INTERNAL FIELD PLATE

UNIVERSITY OF ELECTRONIC ...

1. A junction termination with an internal field plate comprising: a heavily doped substrate of a first conductive type semiconductor, a lightly doped drift region of the first conductive type semiconductor on an upper surface of the heavily doped substrate of the first conductive type semiconductor, and a metal drain electrode on a lower surface of the heavily doped substrate of the first conductive type semiconductor; wherein the lightly doped drift region of the first conductive type semiconductor is provided with a trench, and the trench is located in a middle of the lightly doped drift region of the first conductive type semiconductor and extends vertically downward into the lightly doped drift region of the first conductive type semiconductor along an upper surface of the lightly doped drift region of the first conductive type semiconductor, the trench is filled with insulating dielectric; the upper surface of the lightly doped drift region of the first conductive type semiconductor is provided with a field oxide layer; a side of the trench near an active region of a device is provided with a first semiconductor implantation region, and the first semiconductor implantation region is respectively connected to a main junction of a second conductive type semiconductor of the active region and the trench, and an upper surface of the first semiconductor implantation region is in contact with the field oxide layer, a lower surface of the first semiconductor implantation region is in contact with a second semiconductor implantation region, a side of the second semiconductor implantation region is in contact with the trench; the first semiconductor implantation region and the second semiconductor implantation region are both the second conductive type semiconductor, and a concentration of the first semiconductor implantation region is greater than a concentration of the second semiconductor implantation region; an end of the upper surface of the lightly doped drift region of the first conductive type semiconductor, distant from the active region of the device, is provided with a heavily doped region of the first conductive type semiconductor, an upper surface of the heavily doped region of the first conductive type semiconductor is in contact with the field oxide layer; an upper surface of the field oxide layer is provided with a polysilicon layer; a polysilicon field plate is in the trench, and an upper surface of the polysilicon field plate is in contact with the polysilicon layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,327

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a base material containing resin and including a display region and a bent region, the display region including a plurality of pixels;
a resin layer disposed on one side of the base material, wherein
an exposed section where a surface of the resin layer on a side opposite to a side on which the base material is disposed is exposed is formed in at least the bent region, and
the resin layer includes, in the exposed section, a first resin layer and a second resin layer whose hydrophilicity is lower than that of the first resin layer, in this order from the base material side; and
a component provided on the side of the base material on which the resin layer is disposed, wherein the component is covered by the second resin layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,325

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY HAVING A HIGH STRAIN RATE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device, comprising:a substrate; and
a plurality f first display layers formed on an upper surface of the substrate,
wherein the substrate includes a plurality of upper grooves, each of which defines a first opening formed only in the upper surface and a plurality of lower grooves, each of which defines a second opening formed only in a lower surface of the substrate,
wherein the upper grooves and the lower grooves are alternately arranged,
wherein the upper grooves are positioned between the plurality first display layers,
wherein the thickness of the substrate is greater than the depth of each of the upper grooves, and
wherein the first display layer includes an organic emission layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,321

ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF DRIVING ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electro-optical device comprising:a first conductive layer;
a second conductive layer;
a third conductive layer;
a first capacitor that includes a fourth conductive layer which is coupled to the second conductive layer, a fifth conductive layer which is coupled to the third conductive layer, and a dielectric film between the fourth conductive layer and the fifth conductive layer;
a sixth conductive layer;
a second capacitor that is formed between the second conductive layer and the sixth conductive layer; and
a pixel circuit that is provided in correspondence with the third conductive layer and the first conductive layer,
wherein the pixel circuit includes a plurality of transistors including a drive transistor, and a light emitting element,
wherein the second conductive layer and the sixth conductive layer are formed in a same layer,
wherein the fourth conductive layer of the first capacitor is formed in a different layer from the second conductive layer, and
wherein the fifth conductive layer of the first capacitor is formed in a different layer from the fourth conductive layer,
wherein the first capacitor and the second capacitor are located in a display region.

US Pat. No. 10,340,320

SUBSTRATE FOR DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display device comprising:a substrate;
a pixel on the substrate, the pixel including:
a first thin-film transistor (TFT) on the substrate, the first TFT including:
a first gate electrode,
at least a first part of a first interlayer insulation film on the first gate electrode,
a second interlayer insulation film on the first interlayer insulation film,
a first gate insulation film on the first part of the second interlayer insulation film, and
a first active layer formed of oxide semiconductor on the first gate insulation film;
a second TFT on the substrate, the second TFT including:
a second active layer formed of polycrystalline silicon,
at least a first part of a second gate insulation film on the second active layer, and
a second gate electrode on the first part of the second gate insulation film,
wherein the first interlayer insulation film, the second interlayer insulation film, and the second gate insulation film are between the first active layer and the second active layer;
a storage capacitor on the substrate, the storage capacitor including:
a first storage electrode,
at least a second part of the second interlayer insulation film on the first storage electrode, and
a second storage electrode on the second part of the second interlayer insulation film, wherein the second storage electrode is physically separated from the first gate insulation film; and
a light-emitting device electrically connected to the storage capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,318

DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING BANK WITH GROOVE PORTION AND PIXEL DEFINITION PORTION

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display device comprising:a flexible substrate;
a thin film transistor disposed on the flexible substrate;
a first electrode connected to the thin film transistor;
a bank layer including a pixel definition portion exposing the first electrode and a groove portion spaced apart from the pixel definition portion;
an organic layer disposed on the first electrode and the bank layer; and
a second electrode disposed on the organic layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,315

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY WITH COLOR FILTER LAYERS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting display device, comprising:first to fourth electrodes spaced apart from each other on a base surface;
a fifth electrode spaced apart from the first to fourth electrodes in a normal direction of the base surface;
a first light emitter between the first to fourth electrodes and the fifth electrode and overlapping the first to fourth electrodes;
a second light emitter between at least one of the first and second electrodes and the fifth electrode, overlapping at least one of the first and second electrodes and not overlapping the third electrode and the fourth electrode;
a third light emitter between at least one of the third and fourth electrodes and the fifth electrode, overlapping at least one of the third and fourth electrodes, and not overlapping the first electrode, the second electrode, and the second light emitter;
a charge generating layer between the first and second light emitters and between the first and third light emitters; and
a color filter layer including a first color filter to transmit light from the first light emitter in a first wavelength range having a peak value in a range of about 400 nm to about 500 nm, a second color filter to transmit from the second light emitter in a second wavelength range having a peak value in a range of about 500 nm to about 600 nm, and a third color filter to transmit light from the third light emitter in a third wavelength range having a peak value in a range of about 600 nm to about 700 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,340,309

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

Seoul Viosys Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method of forming a light emitting device, the method comprising:forming a first light emitting cell comprising:
disposing a first lower semiconductor layer on a base substrate;
disposing a first active layer on the first lower semiconductor layer;
disposing a first upper semiconductor layer on the first active layer;
forming a first inclined surface comprising a first surface of the first upper semiconductor layer and a first surface of the first active layer; and
removing a portion of the first upper semiconductor layer and a portion of the first active layer to expose the first lower semiconductor layer;
forming a second light emitting cell comprising:
disposing a second lower semiconductor layer on the base substrate;
disposing a second active layer on the second lower semiconductor layer;
disposing a second upper semiconductor layer on the second active layer;
forming a second inclined surface comprising a first surface of the second upper semiconductor layer and a first surface of the second active layer; and
removing a portion of the second upper semiconductor layer and a portion of the second active layer to expose the second lower semiconductor layer;
disposing a first conductive material on the second upper semiconductor layer;
disposing a first insulation layer on the first lower semiconductor layer, the second lower semiconductor layer, the second active layer, and the second upper semiconductor layer;
disposing a second conductive material on the first insulation layer configured to electrically couple the first light emitting cell and the second light emitting cell; and
disposing a second insulation layer on the second conductive material,
wherein the first inclined surface is continuous and has a slope of approximately 20° to approximately 80° from a horizontal plane of the base substrate,
wherein the second inclined surface is continuous and has a slope of approximately 20° to approximately 80° from the horizontal plane of the base substrate, and
wherein the first insulation layer and the second insulation layer comprise a light transmitting material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,303

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR BACKSIDE ILLUMINATION SENSOR

SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURI...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising;a device substrate including a dielectric layer and a metal wire in the dielectric layer;
a first opening over the metal wire, the first opening having a bottom at a depth the same as an upper surface of the metal wire; and
a first insulation layer including a first color filter material on sidewalls of the first opening.

US Pat. No. 10,340,302

COMPACT SENSOR MODULE

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A sensor module for an imaging system, the sensor module comprising:a sensor substrate;
an imaging sensor die mounted on the sensor substrate, the imaging sensor die comprising a plurality of pixels on a front side of the imaging sensor die; and
a support structure disposed behind the imaging sensor die, the support structure comprising a back side that faces away from the front side of the imaging sensor die,
the support structure comprising an alignment feature on the back side of the support structure, the support structure having a planar portion that is generally parallel to the imaging sensor die, the support structure providing mechanical support to the sensor module, the alignment feature positioned at a fixed displacement from a reference pixel of the plurality of pixels, the alignment feature exposed on an outermost surface of the sensor module and aligned behind a back side of the imaging sensor die, wherein the alignment feature comprises an alignment hole extending into the support structure of the sensor module,
wherein the alignment feature is configured to mechanically connect to a corresponding alignment pin of the imaging system.

US Pat. No. 10,340,301

SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR INTEGRATED CIRCUITRY

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a first trench structure within a substrate and surrounding a first area of the substrate within which an integrated circuit is formed, wherein:
the first trench structure defines a first segmented ring comprising a first trench segment and a second trench segment spaced apart from the first trench segment by a first portion of the substrate; and
a second trench structure within the substrate and surrounding the first area of the substrate, wherein:
the second trench structure defines a second segmented ring comprising a third trench segment, a fourth trench segment, a fifth trench segment, and a sixth trench segment extending between a top surface of the substrate and a bottom surface of the substrate, the second segmented ring being adjacent to four external sides of the semiconductor device,
the first trench structure and the second trench structure are disposed in a second area of the substrate,
the third trench segment is spaced apart from the fourth trench segment by a second portion of the substrate, the second portion of the substrate overlaps the second trench segment in a direction extending parallel to the top surface of the substrate;
the second area of the substrate is disposed between the first area of the substrate and a third area of the substrate surrounding the second area,
the fifth trench segment has a first bent right-angle shape and is located at a first corner of the second trench structure, the sixth trench segment has a second bent right-angle shape and is located at a second corner of the second trench structure adjacent to the first corner, the first bent right-angle shape extending in a first direction a first distance, the second bent right-angle shape extending in the first direction a second distance different from the first distance; and
the third trench segment overlaps with the first trench segment and the second trench segment in a direction extending from the third area of the substrate to the first area of the substrate, wherein each portion of the first segmented ring and the second segmented ring is laterally separated from each integrated circuit within the substrate in a top down view.

US Pat. No. 10,340,297

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel comprising a plurality of data lines extending in a first direction, a plurality of gate lines extending in a second direction intersecting the first direction, and a plurality of thin film transistors connected to the plurality of data lines and the plurality of gate lines, each of the thin film transistors having a channel width;
a data driving circuit configured to supply a data signal to the plurality of data lines; and
a gate driving circuit configured to supply a gate signal to the plurality of gate lines,
wherein the channel width of each of the thin film transistors connected to the same data line increases as the distance between a corresponding thin film transistor and the data driving circuit increases;
each of the plurality of thin film transistors has a gate electrode, a source electrode, a drain electrode and a parasite capacitance generated between the gate electrode and the drain electrode; and
wherein the parasite capacitance between the gate electrode and the drain electrode of each of the thin film transistors connected to the same data line decreases as the distance between a corresponding thin film transistor and the data driving circuit increases.

US Pat. No. 10,340,293

TRANSISTOR DISPLAY PANEL INCLUDING A TRANSISTOR AND AN OVERLAPPING REGION OF A GATE LINE AND DATA LINE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A transistor display panel comprising:a substrate;
a gate line disposed on the substrate;
a data line disposed on the substrate; and
a transistor disposed on the substrate,
wherein the transistor includes:
a first electrode;
a second electrode overlapping the first electrode;
a semiconductor layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a gate electrode, wherein the semiconductor layer is disposed in an overlapping region where the gate line and the data line overlap each other.

US Pat. No. 10,340,286

METHODS OF FORMING NAND MEMORY ARRAYS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method of forming a NAND memory array, comprising:forming a vertical stack of alternating first and second levels; the first levels comprising first material, and the second levels comprising second material;
recessing the first levels relative to the second levels; the second levels having projecting terminal ends extending beyond the recessed first levels; cavities extending into the first levels between the projecting terminal ends;
forming charge-storage material around the terminal ends of the second levels; the charge-storage material extending into the cavities to line the cavities;
forming charge-tunneling material extending vertically along the charge-storage material; the charge-tunneling material filling the lined cavities;
forming channel material extending vertically along the charge-tunneling material;
removing the first material to leave first voids;
etching into the charge-storage material with etchant provided in the first voids;
forming insulative third material within the first voids after etching into the charge-storage material;
removing the second material to form second voids; and
forming conductive levels within the second voids; the conductive levels being wordline levels of the NAND memory array and having terminal ends corresponding to control gate regions; the control gate regions being adjacent the charge-storage material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,283

PROCESS FOR FABRICATING 3D MEMORY

MACRONIX International Co...

1. A process for fabricating a 3D memory, comprising:forming a plurality of linear stacks, each of which comprises a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of insulating layers that are stacked alternately;
forming a charge trapping layer covering tops and sidewalls of the linear stacks;
forming an amorphous semiconductor layer on the charge trapping layer;
forming a cap layer on the amorphous semiconductor layer; and
annealing the amorphous semiconductor layer to form a crystalline channel layer while the charge trapping layer covers the tops and the sidewalls of the linear stacks, wherein agglomeration of a material of the amorphous semiconductor layer is suppressed by the cap layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,280

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OBJECT RECONSTRUCTION

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A system for object reconstruction, comprising:an illuminating unit, configured to generate a pattern of spots;
a diffractive optical element (DOE) in an optical path of illuminating light propagating from the illuminating unit toward an object, thereby projecting the pattern of spots onto an object;
an imaging unit configured to detect a light response of an illuminated region and generating image data indicative of the object within the projected pattern; and
a processor, configured to reconstruct a three-dimensional (3D) map of the object by processing the image data.

US Pat. No. 10,340,267

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES INCLUDING CONTROL LOGIC LEVELS, AND RELATED MEMORY DEVICES, CONTROL LOGIC ASSEMBLIES, ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a stack structure comprising decks each comprising:
a memory element level comprising memory elements; and
a control logic level in electrical communication with the memory element level and comprising control logic devices, at least one of the control logic devices of the control logic level of one or more of the decks comprising at least one device exhibiting transistors laterally displaced from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,340,266

ESD PROTECTION CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

GLOBALFOUNDRIES SINGAPORE...

1. A device comprising:a substrate including a device region with an electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection circuit;
a gate over the device region;
a source region in the device region having a n-type (N+) implant and a p-type (P+) implant laterally separated on a first side of the gate;
a drain region in the device region on a second side of the gate, opposite the first;
another N+ implant, wherein an edge of each N+ implant is aligned with an opposite edge of the source region and the P+ implant is laterally separated therebetween; and
a low-voltage p-well (LVPW) formed in the device region prior to a formation of each of the N+ and P+ implants and wherein the N+ and P+ implants and a portion of the another N+ implant are in the LVPW.

US Pat. No. 10,340,265

COMPACT PROTECTION DEVICE FOR PROTECTING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AGAINST ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE

STMicroelectronics SA, M...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:a power supply terminal configured to receive a power supply voltage,
a reference terminal configured to receive a reference voltage,
a first signal terminal configured to receive or transmit a signal,
a first protection device coupled between said first signal terminal and the power supply terminal, the first protection device including a first MOS transistor having a first electrode coupled to said first signal terminal and a second electrode coupled to the power supply terminal,
a second protection device coupled between said first signal terminal and the reference terminal, the second protection device comprising a second MOS transistor having a first electrode coupled to said first signal terminal and a second electrode coupled to the reference terminal,
wherein gates of the first and second MOS transistors are directly connected to the reference terminal, and substrates of the first and second MOS transistors are directly connected to a first terminal of a common resistor and the reference terminal is directly connected to a second terminal of the common resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,264

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE COMPRISING A CLAMPING STRUCTURE

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a semiconductor body comprising a clamping structure including a first pn junction diode and a second pn junction diode serially connected back to back between a first contact and a second contact; and
a power transistor including first and second load terminals and a control terminal,
wherein the clamping structure is electrically connected between the control terminal and the second load terminal,
wherein the second load terminal is a drain contact of an insulated gate field effect transistor, a collector contact of an insulated gate bipolar transistor, or a collector contact of a bipolar junction transistor,
wherein the control terminal is a corresponding contact of a gate of the insulated gate field effect transistor, a gate of the insulated gate bipolar transistor, or a base of the bipolar junction transistor,
wherein a breakdown voltage of the first pn junction diode is greater than 100 V,
wherein a breakdown voltage of the second pn junction diode is greater than 10 V.

US Pat. No. 10,340,257

DISPLAY DEVICE USING SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A display device, comprising:a plurality of semiconductor light emitting device packages;
a wiring substrate coupled to the plurality of semiconductor light emitting device packages; and
a plurality of wiring electrodes disposed on the wiring substrate,
wherein each of the plurality of semiconductor light emitting device packages comprises:
a plurality of semiconductor light emitting devices;
a support substrate coupled to the plurality of semiconductor light emitting devices; and
a conversion layer disposed to cover the plurality of semiconductor light emitting devices and configured to convert a color of light emitted from at least some of the plurality of semiconductor light emitting devices to a different color such that a red sub-pixel, a green sub-pixel, and a blue sub-pixel are formed, and
wherein:
at least a first semiconductor light emitting device that corresponds to the red sub-pixel or a second semiconductor light emitting device that corresponds to the green sub-pixel, among the plurality of semiconductor light emitting devices, has a light emitting area that has a different size compared to a size of a light emitting area of a third semiconductor light emitting device that corresponds to the blue sub-pixel among the plurality of semiconductor light emitting devices;
the support substrate is formed of a silicon material, and a plurality of through silicon vias are formed on the support substrate;
at least one through silicon via of the plurality of through silicon vias is electrically connected to first conductive electrodes of the plurality of semiconductor light emitting devices; and
other through silicon vias of the plurality of through silicon vias, except for the at least one through silicon via, are electrically connected to second conductive electrodes of the plurality of semiconductor light emitting devices.

US Pat. No. 10,340,255

SEMICONDUCTOR APPARATUS AND SEMICONDUCTOR SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. A semiconductor apparatus comprising:a package substrate; and
a semiconductor chip,
wherein the package substrate comprises a substrate pad coupled with a package ball,
wherein the semiconductor chip comprises:
a main pad coupled with the substrate pad;
a first buffer coupled with the main pad; and
an auxiliary pad coupled with the first buffer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,252

HIGH VOLTAGE DEVICE WITH MULTI-ELECTRODE CONTROL

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. A high-voltage device, comprising:a low-voltage transistor (LVT) having a first drain node, a first control gate, and a first source node;
a high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) having a second drain node, a second source node, a second control gate, and a field electrode free of being electrically coupled to the second control gate and the second source node within the HEMT;
a first conductor external to the HEMT and the LVT, and coupling the field electrode of the HEMT to the first source node of the LVT; and
a second conductor external to the HEMT and the LVT, and coupling the second control gate of the HEMT to the first source node of the LVT.