US Pat. No. 10,191,127

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM INCLUDING A PROTECTIVE COVER AND A CAMERA

Aspect Imaging Ltd., Sho...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system comprising:a MRI device having a bore that accommodates at least a portion of a patient, the bore also having an aperture;
a protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover, located at the aperture of the bore, that contains RF shielding preventing an external RF radiation from entering the bore;
wherein the protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover when open allows the patient entry access into the bore of the MRI device and when closed provides a radiofrequency (RF) shield that covers the aperture of the bore while also preventing an RF radiation emitted by the MRI device from exiting the bore; and
a camera positioned adjacent to the RF shielding of the protective semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover, where the camera is without electromagnetic shielding and the camera is positioned external to the bore and external to an area of RF radiation emitted within the bore, whereby the camera is still in proximity to a strong main static magnetic field produced by a large main magnetic field source that is part of the magnetic resonance imaging system itself, with the camera also being utilized in order to generate an image of at least the portion of the patient during operation of the MRI device where the presence of the RF shielding of the protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover does not hinder the clinical usability of the generated image.

US Pat. No. 10,191,123

MAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENT DEVICE

AICHI STEEL CORPORATION, ...

1. A magnetic field measurement device for measuring a magnetic field, comprising:a magneto-impedance sensor including:
a magneto-sensitive body,
a detection coil that is wound around the magneto-sensitive body and outputs a voltage corresponding to a magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body, and
a magnetic field generation coil that is wound around the magneto-sensitive body and generates a magnetic field upon energization;
a sensitivity calculation means for calculating a sensitivity, the sensitivity being a value that is obtained by varying a value of a current flowing in the magnetic field generation coil to vary the magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body in a state where an outside-sensor magnetic field that acts on the magneto-sensitive body from outside the magneto-impedance sensor is constant, and dividing a variation in an output voltage of the detection coil by a variation in the magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body; and
a magnetic field calculation means,
wherein the magneto-impedance sensor is mounted on a device,
the outside-sensor magnetic field is a composition magnetic field of an outside-device magnetic field that acts on the magneto-sensitive body from outside the device and an inside-device magnetic field that is generated from an electronic component provided inside the device and acts on the magneto-sensitive body, and
the magnetic field calculation means calculates a value of the outside-device magnetic field using the sensitivity calculated by the sensitivity calculation means and the output voltage of the detection coil.

US Pat. No. 10,191,122

PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION CIRCUIT, METHOD AND POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM APPLYING THE SAME

Silergy Semiconductor Tec...

1. A parameter identification circuit for a digital power converter having an inductor and a capacitor, the parameter identification circuit comprising:a) an inductor parameter circuit configured to receive an inductor current of said inductor, a capacitor voltage of said capacitor, a duty cycle in a start-up stage, and a predetermined inductor current, wherein said inductor parameter circuit is configured to obtain an inductor parameter according to an integrated value of said capacitor voltage, an integrated value of said duty cycle in said start-up stage, and said predetermined inductor current, when said inductor current rises to a level of said predetermined inductor current;
b) a capacitor parameter circuit configured to receive said inductor current, said capacitor voltage, and a predetermined capacitor voltage, wherein said capacitor parameter circuit is configured to obtain a capacitor parameter according to an integrated value of said inductor current and said predetermined capacitor voltage when said capacitor voltage rises to a level of said predetermined capacitor voltage; and
c) wherein said inductor parameter circuit is configured to obtain a product value by multiplying said integrated value of said duty cycle in said start-up stage by an input voltage, and to obtain a difference value by subtracting said integrated value of said capacitor voltage from said product value, wherein said inductor parameter is obtained by dividing said difference value by said predetermined inductor current.

US Pat. No. 10,191,121

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VOLTAGE REGULATOR SELF-BURN-IN TEST

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Ta...

1. A computer-implemented method for enabling a self-burn-in test of a power supply device (PSD) that comprises a modulation controller and a plurality of power stages, comprising:sending a first signal to switch a specific power stage of the plurality of power stages to an On state;
sending at least one second signal to switch other power stage(s) of the plurality of power stages to a Tri-state, wherein the other power stage(s) functions as a load during a time period that the specific power stage is in the On state; and
collecting output voltage, output current and temperature data from the specific power stage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,120

APPARATUS FOR DETECTING DEFECT OF ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. An apparatus for detecting a defect of an electric power system, the apparatus comprising:a first state signal output mechanism configured to output a first state signal corresponding to a magnetic force generated at a periphery of a line;
a second state signal output mechanism configured to output a second state signal based on a magnitude of a line current and an increase ratio thereof;
a defect determination mechanism configured to determine whether the electric power system is defective based on the first state signal and the second state signal; and
an optical signal conversion mechanism disposed between the first state signal output mechanism and the defect determination mechanism and configured to convert the first state signal into an optical signal when the first state signal is output from the first state signal output mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,191,119

INSPECTING APPARATUS AND INSPECTING METHOD FOR NONCONTACT POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An inspecting apparatus for a noncontact power transfer system that includes:a transmitting device including:
a first electrode and a second electrode, and
an alternating-current voltage generating circuit configured to apply an alternating-current voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a receiving device including:
a third electrode and a fourth electrode,
a receiving circuit configured to convert an alternating-current voltage generated between the third electrode and the fourth electrode to a direct-current voltage, and
a load circuit connected to the receiving circuit,
wherein the noncontact power transfer system is configured to transfer electric power from the transmitting device to the receiving device by a first coupling capacitance formed between the first electrode and the third electrode and a second coupling capacitance formed between the second electrode and the fourth electrode,
the inspecting apparatus comprising:
a coupling capacitance varying unit configured to vary at least one of the first coupling capacitance and the second coupling capacitance when the receiving device is positioned on the transmitting device; and
a monitoring circuit configured to monitor at least one of the alternating-current voltage generated between the third electrode and the fourth electrode of the receiving device, the direct-current voltage or a load current supplied to the load circuit, the alternating-current voltage generated between the first electrode and the second electrode of the transmitting device, and an input voltage or an input current of the alternating-current voltage generating circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,117

BATTERY REMAINING POWER PREDICTING DEVICE AND BATTERY PACK

ABLIC INC., Chiba (JP)

1. A battery remaining power predicting device configured to measure a voltage and a temperature of a rechargeable battery and to predict a remaining power of the rechargeable battery, the device comprising:a voltage detection portion that measures the voltage and temperature of the rechargeable battery;
a computing portion that predicts and calculates the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, based on the voltage and the temperature; and
a controller that controls an operation of the battery remaining power predicting device and the computing portion,
wherein the controller executes a battery remaining power predicting flow for predicting and calculating the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, the battery remaining power prediction flow regressively calculating the battery remaining power, based on the measured voltage and temperature and a battery internal impedance in a battery equivalent circuit, and
the controller executes a secular change estimating flow for estimating a secular change in battery characteristics using a case where a battery current is in a constant current state.

US Pat. No. 10,191,116

BATTERY TEST SYSTEM FOR PREDICTING BATTERY TEST RESULTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery testing system, comprising:a battery test computer comprising a tangible, non-transitory computer-readable medium storing a battery test management system implemented as one or more sets of instructions, wherein the battery test management system comprises a prediction module, a validation module, and a training module, and wherein the battery test computer comprises processing circuitry configured to execute the one or more sets of instructions;
a user interface communicatively coupled to the processing circuitry and configured to provide outputs to a user;
wherein the prediction module is configured predict a result of a standardized battery test conducted on a battery undergoing testing using less than all data required for the standardized battery test conducted on the battery undergoing testing to be completed, and to output, via the user interface, the predicted result and a confidence level associated with the predicted result;
wherein the validation module is configured to determine a validity of the predicted result using final test results from the standardized battery test conducted on the battery, and to output, via the user interface, a representation of the validity;
wherein the training module is configured to update training data using the validity generated by the validation module to update the prediction module;
wherein the prediction module comprises a battery test support vector machine (SVM) constructed using training data obtained from a plurality of battery samples, and the battery test SVM is a binary classification model configured to classify the battery undergoing testing into a pass category or a fail category based on a first feature and a second feature generated from battery test data obtained during the standardized battery test, and wherein the prediction module is configured to output, via the user interface, a plurality of predicted results of the standardized battery test for the battery at time intervals occurring before a full duration of the standardized battery test; and
wherein the standardized battery test simulates the normal operating conditions that would be experienced by the battery undergoing testing over an average lifetime of the particular type of the battery undergoing testing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,114

SYSTEM FOR ANALYSIS OF PARTIAL DISCHARGE DEFECTS OF GAS INSULATED SWITCHGEAR

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A system for analysis of partial discharge defects of a gas insulated switchgear, comprising:a detecting sensor configured to sense a signal generated from the gas insulated switchgear;
one or more neighboring sensors arranged close to the detecting sensor, and configured to sense a signal generated from the periphery of the detecting sensor;
a controller configured to determine whether the signal sensed by the detecting sensor is a partial discharge signal or not, configured to calculate a partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges based on a detection signal sensed by the neighboring sensor when the partial discharge signal is sensed; and
a display unit configured to display partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal or detection signal information based on the detection signal, under control of the controller,
wherein if it is determined that the signal sensed by the detecting sensor is the partial discharge signal,
the controller controls the display unit to display the partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal and the detection signal information based on the detection signal when the partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges are more than reference values, and
the controller controls the display unit to display only the partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal when the partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges are less than the reference values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,111

SYNCHRONIZED PULSED LADA FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ACQUISITION OF TIMING DIAGRAMS AND LASER-INDUCED UPSETS

DCG Systems, Inc., Fremo...

1. A method, comprising:sequentially directing a laser beam comprising a train of laser pulses on a plurality of pixel locations within an area of interest of a device under test (DUT);
at each pixel location of the plurality of pixel locations, repetitively applying, at a clock rate established by a clock signal, a test signal that places the DUT in a marginal state and temporally scanning arrival times of the laser pulses at at least one of the pixel locations with respect to the clock signal; and
for each at least one pixel location and at least two of the arrival times, recording a pass/fail result of the DUT so as to determine a probability of failure rate versus arrival time during the test signal for the plurality of pixel locations and arrival times.

US Pat. No. 10,191,109

EMBEDDED TRANSIENT SCANNING SYSTEMS, TRANSIENT SCANNING DATA VISUALIZATION SYSTEMS, AND/OR RELATED METHODS

Pragma Design, Inc., Ber...

1. A transient scanning and data visualization system comprising:one or more transient event detectors associated with one or more nodes and configured to detect whether a transient event was incident on an associated node;
one or more intensity detection circuits configured to determine an intensity level of a transient event if the transient event is detected by a transient event detector for an associated node; and
a monitoring circuit configured to determine the effect of transient events based on stored transient event characteristics for the one or more nodes, including an indication of whether a transient event was incident at a node and the corresponding intensity level of the transient event;
wherein the system is configured to be operable to import transient scanning datasets, render and display the imported transient scanning datasets, highlight detection nodes and connections according to selection points, and export important segments into a failure analysis report, presentation, or video.

US Pat. No. 10,191,106

TECHNIQUES TO IDENTIFY A PROCESS CORNER

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for identifying a process corner of an integrated circuit having a first asymmetrical ring oscillator (ARO1) including pull-up transistors that have a low threshold voltage (LVT) and pull-down transistors that have a regular threshold voltage (RVT), and a second asymmetrical ring oscillator (ARO2) including pull-up transistors that have an RVT and pull-down transistors having an LVT, comprising:applying an ultra-low power supply voltage to the ARO1 and the ARO2, wherein the applied ultra-low power supply voltage causes the integrated circuit to operate near a verge of malfunction;
measuring an output frequency of the ARO1;
measuring an output frequency of the ARO2;
calculating a calculated ratio of the output frequency of the ARO1 and the output frequency of the ARO2; and
comparing the calculated ratio to a fiduciary ratio, wherein the fiduciary ratio is of the output frequency of the ARO1 and the output frequency of the ARO2 at a typical-typical (TT) process corner, a slow-slow (SS) process corner, or a fast-fast (FF) process corner, and wherein if the calculated ratio is more than a first number of times the fiduciary ratio or less than a second number of times the fiduciary ratio, then a value of a manufactured process variation of the integrated circuit is substantially at an asymmetric process corner.

US Pat. No. 10,191,105

METHOD FOR MAKING A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING THRESHOLD VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT CIRCUITRY

ATOMERA INCORPORATED, Lo...

1. A method for making a semiconductor device comprising:forming active circuitry on a substrate and comprising a plurality of differential transistor pairs; and
forming threshold voltage test circuitry on the substrate and comprising
a pair of differential test transistors replicating the differential transistor pairs within the active circuitry, each test transistor having a respective input and output, and
at least one gain stage configured to amplify a difference between the outputs of the differential test transistors for measuring a threshold voltage thereof;
wherein the plurality of differential transistor pairs and the pair of differential test transistors each comprises spaced apart source and drain regions, a channel region extending between the source and drain regions, and a gate overlying the channel region;
wherein each of the channel regions comprises a superlattice, the superlattice comprising a plurality of stacked groups of layers with each group of layers comprising a plurality of stacked base semiconductor monolayers defining a base semiconductor portion and at least one non-semiconductor monolayer thereon constrained within a crystal lattice of adjacent base semiconductor portions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,104

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INSPECTION DEVICE AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INSPECTION METHOD

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A system for inspecting a semiconductor device serving as a device under test, the system comprising:a light source configured to generate light to be irradiated to the semiconductor device;
a tester configured to apply a test signal to the semiconductor device;
a light detector configured to detect the light reflected by the semiconductor device and output a detection signal;
a first analyzer configured to measure first phase information;
a second analyzer configured to measure second phase information;
a time base signal generator electrically coupled to the first analyzer and the second analyzer and configured to generate a time base signal and input the time base signal to the first analyzer and the second analyzer; and
a computer electrically coupled to the first analyzer and the second analyzer and configured to determine phase information at a predetermined frequency based on the first phase information and the second phase information,
wherein the detection signal is input to at least one of the first analyzer and the second analyzer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,103

METHOD OF LOCATING A SOURCE OF TRANSIENT SIGNALS IN A DISPERSIVE ENVIRONMENT

INSTITUT POLYTECHIQUE DE ...

1. A method of locating in a dispersive environment a source of pulses with at least a pair of sensors, the method comprising the steps of:positioning a pair of sensors in the dispersive environment, the pair of sensors being located at a predetermined distance L to each other;
detecting a pulse at the level of each sensor originating from the source;
constructing a phase diagram for each of said pulses from N vectors having their coordinates corresponding to the amplitude of the pulse at a sampling time ti and at next successive sampling times; and
calculating the ratio for each pair of sensors between distances L1 and L2 from each sensor to the source with formula:
whereare the norms of vectorsof the phase diagrams corresponding to the pulses detected by the sensors so that the source is located by the phase diagrams without synchronization of the sensors;wherein the calculated location of the source is communicated to specify the location of a maintenance operation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,102

AUTOMATIC CURRENT TRANSFORMER POLARITY CORRECTION

UTILITY RELAY COMPANY, C...

1. A method of processing current transformer data, comprising the steps of:obtaining, by an electronic protection controller for a circuit breaker, first current data based on a first current signal from a first current transformer on a first phase of a three-phase electrical circuit protected by the circuit breaker;
obtaining, by the electronic protection controller, second current data based on a second current signal from a second current transformer on a second phase of the three-phase electrical circuit;
obtaining, by the electronic protection controller, third current data based on a third current signal from a third current transformer on a third phase of the three-phase electrical circuit;
determining, using at least the first current data, the second current data, and the third current data, whether one of the first current transformer, the second current transformer, and the third current transformer is an improper polarity phase current transformer that is connected to the electronic protection controller with an improper polarity by determining whether a magnitude of a vector sum of a first phase current on the first phase of the three-phase electrical circuit, a second phase current on the second phase of the three-phase electrical circuit, and a third phase current on the third phase of the three-phase electrical circuit is greater than each individual magnitude of the first phase current, the second phase current, and the third phase current;
upon determining that said one of the first current transformer, the second current transformer, and the third current transformer is an improper polarity phase current transformer that is connected to the electronic protection controller with an improper polarity, automatically inverting, by the electronic protection controller, obtained current data corresponding to the improper polarity phase current transformer;
performing a ground fault calculation using automatically inverted current data corresponding to the improper polarity phase current transformer;
generating a trip command, by a trip signal output, upon detection of the ground fault, and
providing the trip command to a circuit breaker actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,191,100

HIGH-POWERED HIGH-VOLTAGE TEST DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED ACTIVE AIR COOLING

B2 ELECTRONIC GMBH, Klau...

1. A high-power high-voltage test device comprising:means for generating a test voltage, wherein the test voltage is an a.c. voltage with an amplitude of at least 100 kV and a power of higher than 1 kW and wherein the means for generating the test voltage comprise at least two voltage-amplifier branches, a first voltage-amplifier branch for generating the positive voltage half-waves of the test voltage and a second voltage-amplifier branch for generating the negative voltage half-waves of the test voltage, and
a measuring circuit for measuring the test voltage to be applied to a measurement object and the test current induced thereby in the measurement object,
wherein each of the first and second voltage-amplifier branches is mounted in a separate subassembly, each branch provided with a separate integrated active air cooling.

US Pat. No. 10,191,098

ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT DEVICE

1. An electronic measurement device, comprising:a signal generation unit, which is configured to generate a signal that is applied to an input node of a device under test;
a controlling unit which is configured to control the signal generation unit in that the generated signal is at least adjustable in its signal frequency;
a sweeping unit, which obtains a predefined start frequency value, a predefined stop frequency value, and a predefined step-width value to adjust a signal frequency of the generated signal that is applied to the input node of the device under test; and
at least a receiving unit, wherein the receiving unit retrieves a signal from an output node of the device under test in time domain and has a broadband input bandwidth,
wherein a high impedance probe is applied to an input node of the receiving unit,
wherein the electronic measurement device is configured to perform a normalization procedure prior to a comparing step in order to avoid the influence of one or more internal errors of the electronic measuring device, and
wherein the normalization procedure comprises the following steps:
shorting of an appropriate signal probe that is connected to the receiving unit for retrieving the signal from the output node of the device under test;
stepwise adjusting a signal value of the generated signal;
measuring the retrieved signal with the shorted probe; and
storing a measured value for each adjusted signal value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,094

SYNCHROPHASOR MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR POWER SYSTEMS

University of Tennessee R...

11. An electronic device for a power system, comprising:a sensor;
a global positioning system (GPS) receiver;
one or more processors; and
memory storing instructions adapted to be executed by the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
receiving samples of a signal sensed by the sensor from the power system, the samples being synchronized to an output of the GPS receiver;
determining a level of distortion of the signal;
selecting, based on the level of distortion, a computation method, the computation method being one of an improved zero-crossing (IZC) method and an enhanced phase-lock-loop (EPLL) method;
performing the selected computation method to determine at least one parameter of the signal at a reporting frequency, which is at least twice a line frequency of the power system; and
outputting, at the reporting frequency, the at least one parameter to an operator of the power system to allow the operator to perform at least one of a monitoring and a controlling of at least one element of the power system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,092

TIME DOMAIN MEASURING METHOD WITH CALIBRATION IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE

1. A method for determining an electric voltage u(t) and/or an electric current i(t) of a RF signal on an electric cable in a calibration plane that compensates for distortions based on input signal reflections, said method comprising:electrically connecting a time domain measuring device to a device under test, said time domain measuring device having measuring inputs which distort parameters to be measured as a result of input signal reflections;
connecting the device under test electrically with the calibration plane;
electrically connecting a directional coupler to the time domain measuring device;
decoupling a first component v3(t) of a first RF signal which, starting out from a signal input, runs in the direction of the calibration plane through the directional coupler feeding said first component into the time domain measuring device at a first measuring input and measured there;
decoupling a second component v4(t) of a second RF signal which, starting out from the calibration plane, runs in the direction of the signal input through the directional coupler;
feeding said second component into the time domain measuring device at a second measuring input and measured there;
transforming the signal components v3(t), v4(t), by a first mathematical operation, into the frequency domain as wave quantities V3(f) and V4;
determining absolute wave quantities a2 and b2 in the frequency domain in the calibration plane from the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) using calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r);
converting absolute wave quantities a2 and b2, by a second mathematical operation, into the electric voltage u(t) and/or the electric current i(t) of the RF signal in the time domain in the calibration plane;
wherein the calibration parameters link the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) mathematically with the absolute wave quantities a2 and b2 in the calibration plane,
wherein the first measuring input of the time domain measuring device has a reflection coefficient ?3?0 and/or the second measuring input of the time domain measuring device has a reflection coefficient ?4?0,
determining the calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r are determined, with the aid of a calibration device, in relation to the frequency f and in relation to a reflection coefficient of at least one of the measuring inputs of the time domain measuring device; and
determining the wave quantities a2 and b2 in the measuring step from the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) using the calibration parameters (e00,r(?3, ?4), e01,r(?3, ?4), e10,r(?3, ?4), e11,r(?3, ?4));
connecting the signal input of the directional coupler during the calibration step with a first measuring port S1;
connecting the first measuring output of the directional coupler with a second measuring port S3;
connecting the second measuring output of the directional coupler with a third measuring port S4 of the calibration device; and
connecting one or more measuring standards with known reflection coefficients to a signal output of the directional coupler connected with the calibration plane S2;
wherein the calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r) link the wave quantity b3 running in at the second measuring port S3 and the wave quantity b4 running in at the third measuring port S4 with the wave quantities b2, a2 running in and out in the calibration plane (14, S2) as follows:
wherein the scattering parameters Sxy (x=1-4, y=1-4) of the scattering matrix S of the four-port with the ports S1, S2, S3, S4, in particular of the directional coupler together with input cables, are determined with the aid of the calibration apparatus, wherein the calibration parameters e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r in relation to the reflection coefficients of the time domain measuring device ?3 ?4 are determined from the scattering parameters Sxy, wherein the calibration parameters are determined from the scattering parameters as follows:wherein the scattering parameters Sxy are determined through measurement of the values b1/a1, b3/a3, b4/a4, b3/a1 or b1/a3, b4/a1 or b1/a4, b4/a3 or b3/a4 at the measuring ports S1, S3, S4 of the calibration device, wherein in each case preferably the measuring standards Match (M), Open (O), Short (S) with the known reflection coefficients ?M, ?O, ?S are connected as devices under test in the calibration plane S2, where a1, a3, a4 are wave quantities running in at the respective measuring ports S1, S3, S4 and b1, b3, b4 are wave quantities running out at the respective measuring ports S1, S3, S4, and wherein the scattering parameters Sxy are determined by means of the following equations:where:?DUT is the known reflection coefficient of the calibration standard used during the measurement:
are the bx/ay measurable at the measuring ports S1, S3, S4; and
where ?O, ?S, ?M are known reflection coefficients of the calibration standards Open (O), Short (S) and Match (M), and are the bx/ay measurable at the measuring ports with connected calibration standard K.

US Pat. No. 10,191,091

CIRCUIT BOARD WITH IMPLANTED OPTICAL CURRENT SENSOR

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A circuit board with a conductor path having a recess which is arranged along the conductor path such that the conductor path is interrupted, an implant with a left, right, lower and upper edge being arranged in the recess, the circuit board comprising:a conductor arranged in the implant which, with the implant inserted, closes the conductor path separated by the recess, the implant having a first optical layer and a second optical layer and the conductor being arranged between the first and the second optical layers, and the first and the second optical layer each having at least one light-conducting structure with a first end and a second end;
a light-conductor arranged in a right edge region of the implant in which respective second ends of the light-conducting structures are located such that light fed in at the first end of the light-conducting structure of the first optical layer is deflected to the second end of the light-conducting structure of the second optical layer and such that a beam path of the light encompasses the conductor;
an optical transmitter; and
an optical receiver with evaluator;
wherein the optical transmitter and optical receiver form a fiber optic current sensor for current measurement of a current flowing through the conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,090

POWER TRANSFORMERS USING OPTICAL CURRENT SENSORS

ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD, B...

1. A method for monitoring a connection condition of a standby power transformer, comprising:measuring a current flowing through a high voltage side of the standby power transformer using at least one optical current sensor disposed proximate to a current flow path of the high voltage side;
using a comb filter to filter the current;
determining, by using a detection logic, whether the filtered current is less than a predetermined threshold value; and
generating, by using the detection logic, an alarm indication that the high voltage side of the standby power transformer is unconnected to a power supply when the filtered current is determined to be less than the predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,089

CURRENT SENSING ASSEMBLY EMPLOYING MAGNETIC SENSORS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A current sensing assembly comprising:a conductor having a first curled portion and a second curled portion, the first curled portion being arranged such that current flowing in a first direction through the conductor flows through the first curled portion in a clockwise direction and the second curled portion being arranged such that current flowing in the first direction through the conductor flows through the second curled portion in a counter-clockwise direction; and
a sensor assembly including a first magnetic sensor disposed in the first curled portion and a second magnetic sensor disposed in the second curled portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,088

INTERCONNECT SENSOR PLATFORM WITH ENERGY HARVESTING

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a housing;
a plurality of power and signal line conductors passing through the housing;
an energy harvesting device, a power controller device and a DC power source provided in the housing, the energy harvesting device inductively coupled to at least one of the plurality of power and signal line conductors, the at least one of the plurality of power and signal line conductors through the energy harvesting device providing energy to the power controller device and the DC power source;
the power controller device having instructions programmed thereon or implemented in the integrated circuit for controlling a flow of power between the energy harvesting device, the DC power source, and a microcontroller;
at least one sensor device in electrical communication with the microcontroller, the at least one sensor device provided in the housing and arranged to detect at least one parameter within the housing and communicate at least one parameter to the microcontroller; and
an output communication channel provided in the housing for communicating data from the microcontroller associated with at least one sensor device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,087

AUTOMATED STORAGE OF SUCCESSIVE STABLE MEASUREMENTS IN A DIGITAL MULTIMETER

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A handheld device for detecting electrical or physical parameters, comprising:a measurement component that measures physical or electrical parameters;
a user interface configured to receive an activation input that activates automated saving of subsequent successive stable measurements measured by the measurement component; and
a processor coupled to the measurement component and the user interface, wherein, responsive to receipt of the activation input by the user interface, the processor:
displays a plurality of subsequent successive stable measurements measured by the measurement component, wherein each measurement determined to be stable is displayed until a further subsequent measurement is determined to be stable; and
automatically stores each measurement of the plurality of displayed subsequent successive stable measurements in a memory communicatively coupled to the processor,
wherein the user interface is further configured to receive a review input, and responsive to receipt of the review input by the user interface, the processor retrieves a plurality of previously-stored stable measurements and provides a user-selective display of the stable measurements for review by a user.

US Pat. No. 10,191,086

POWER DETECTION CIRCUIT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus, comprising:an inverter coupled to a first power supply, wherein the inverter is configured to generate a signal dependent upon a second power supply; and
a latch configured to:
store a first value dependent upon a first voltage level of the second power supply and a first value of the signal; and
store a second value dependent upon a second voltage level of the second power supply and a second value of the signal, wherein the second value of the signal is different from the first value of the signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,083

MAGNETIC SHIELDED PROBE CARD

1. A method of forming an integrated circuit die, comprising:providing a semiconductor wafer that includes more than one of said integrated circuit die;
testing said semiconductor wafer that includes said more than one of said integrated circuit die using a probe card; and
singulating the wafer to form said integrated circuit die;
said probe card comprising:
a mechanical support fixture having an inner aperture with a plurality of probes secured to said fixture that include probe tips that extend into said inner aperture for contacting probe pads on die of a wafer to be probed, and
at least one magnetic shield comprising a magnetic material that at least substantially surrounds a projected volume over an area that encloses said probe tips of said probes,
wherein said magnetic material has a relative magnetic permeability between 800 and 5,000.

US Pat. No. 10,191,082

CARBON NANOTUBE PROBES AND STRUCTURES AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT

1. A scanning probe system comprising:a rigid probe subassembly configured for translation;
a tip end nanotube subassembly wherein the tip end nanotube subassembly
is mounted directly to the rigid probe subassembly without an intervening cantilever,
is configured for vibration, and
comprises a multi-wall nanotube having multiple coaxial nanotube walls of different diameters wherein at least one of the walls can slide relative to the other to provide a configuration having a stepped diameter, and wherein each of the walls has a resonant frequency different from a resonant frequency of each other of the walls; and
a motion producing means acting on all or some portions of the nanotube subassembly to induce vibration in the nanotube subassembly in a direction transverse to an axis of the multi-wall nanotube, wherein the motion producing means is operable to induce the vibration at different frequencies including the resonant frequencies of different ones of the walls.

US Pat. No. 10,191,080

DRONE INCLUDING ADVANCE MEANS FOR COMPENSATING THE BIAS OF THE INERTIAL UNIT AS A FUNCTION OF THE TEMPERATURE

Parrot Drones, Paris (FR...

1. A drone, comprising a main circuit board (24) on which are mounted electronic components as well as an inertial unit, IMU, (26) comprising gyrometer sensors for measuring the instantaneous rotations of the drone in an absolute reference system, and/or accelerometer sensors for measuring accelerations of the drone in this reference system, the IMU (26) including an internal temperature sensor (34) delivering a chip temperature signal (?°chip),characterized in that it comprises:
a heating component (28) mounted on the circuit board (24) near the IMU (26);
a thermal guide (30) incorporated to the circuit board (24), this thermal guide extending between the heating component (28) and the IMU (26) so as to allow a transfer (32) to the IMU of the heat produced by the heating component; and
a thermal regulation circuit (44-62), receiving as an input the chip temperature signal (?°chip) and a predetermined set-point temperature signal (?°ref), and outputting a heating component piloting signal (TH_PWM), so as to control the heat supply to the IMU as a function of the difference between chip temperature and set-point temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,191,077

DIRECTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE DETECTOR

1. A device for detecting a directional differential pressure between two spaces, comprising:an elongated conduit arranged to be coupled with a wall separating the two spaces, the conduit having openings at opposite ends that permit fluid flow between the two spaces through the conduit, wherein the conduit comprises a first portion and a second portion operatively engaged with one another to provide length adjustability of the conduit; and
at least one movable element disposed within the conduit adapted to be moved from one region of the conduit toward an opposing region in response to the differential pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,076

AIRFLOW SENSING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Board of Trustees of the ...

1. An airflow sensing system, comprising:a first cantilever having a first beam, wherein a bluff body is formed at an end of the first beam for generating aerodynamic forces in response to an airflow;
a second cantilever having a second beam, wherein a second bluff body is formed at an end of the second beam for generating aerodynamic forces in response to the airflow;
a first piezoelectric element positioned on the first cantilever and configured to provide a first electrical signal indicative of a vibration of the first cantilever;
a second piezoelectric element positioned on the second cantilever and configured to provide a second electrical signal indicative of a vibration of the second cantilever;
a control element coupled to the first and second piezoelectric elements and configured to receive the first and second electrical signals, the control element further configured to determine, based on the first and second electrical signals, a velocity of an airflow causing each of the first and second cantilevers to vibrate;
an output device configured to provide an output based on the velocity; and
a shield positioned adjacent to the first cantilever for shielding the first beam from the airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,191,075

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETECT DIRECTION AND VELOCITY OF MOVEMENT OF EQUIPMENT BY USING SINGLE SENSOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus to detect a direction or a velocity of movement of equipment, the apparatus comprising:a sensor; and
a processor unit configured to:
measure an area of a region of the equipment overlapping a specific region of the sensor as the equipment moves adjacent to the sensor, using the sensor,
determine a voltage value corresponding to the measured area of the region of the equipment,
determine whether one of a first interrupt and a second interrupt occurs, the first interrupt occurring when the determined voltage value reaches a threshold value and the second interrupt occurring when a preset amount of time passes from a time when the sensor starts operating, and
determine a direction or a velocity of the movement of the equipment by using voltage information at times when the first interrupt or the second interrupt occurs and voltage information at a predetermined time before the times when the first interrupt or the second interrupt occurs,
wherein the processor comprises a second calculator to calculate the velocity of the movement of the equipment when the second interrupt occurs, and
wherein the second calculator calculates the velocity of the movement of the equipment by using a combination of a voltage value at a predetermined time before a time when the second interrupt occurs, a voltage value at a time when the second interrupt occurs, the predetermined time, a difference between a maximum value and a minimum value of the converted voltage value, and a length of the equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,071

CARTRIDGES AND INSTRUMENTS FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS

IntegenX, Inc., Pleasant...

1. A fluidic device comprising:a fluidics layer comprising one or more fluidic channels in a thermoplastic material;
a deformable membrane covering the one or more fluidic channels and comprising a heat seal material capable of plastic deformation, the heat seal material being thermally bonded to the fluidics layer;
one or more diaphragm valves, each diaphragm valve configured to regulate fluid flow in an associated fluidic channel, wherein each diaphragm valve comprises:
a) a diaphragm comprised in the deformable membrane;
b) a valve seat in the associated fluidic channel and recessed from a surface of the fluidics layer that contacts the deformable membrane; and
c) a valve inlet and a valve outlet comprised in the fluidics layer; wherein the one or more diaphragm valves are each configured for activation by a ram such that mechanical pressure by the ram on the deformable membrane presses the membrane against the valve seat, thereby closing the valve.

US Pat. No. 10,191,065

C PEPTIDE DETECTION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY

Quest Diagnostics Investm...

1. A method for determining the amount of C peptide in a sample by high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry, the method comprising:(a) subjecting a sample suspected of containing C peptide to solid phase extraction (SPE) to obtain a fraction enriched in C peptide;
(b) subjecting the enriched C peptide to an ionization source under conditions suitable to generate one or more C peptide ions detectable by mass spectrometry;
(c) determining the amount of one or more C peptide ions by high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry;
wherein the amount of ions determined in step (c) is related to the amount of a C peptide in said sample.

US Pat. No. 10,191,061

MICROWAVE-ASSISTED HEADSPACE LIQUID-PHASE MICROEXTRACTION OF AN ANALYTE

King Fahd University of P...

1. A method for extracting an analyte in a sample comprising:microwave-heating and agitating the sample and a solution in a microwave extraction assembly comprising:
a microwave extraction vial with a bottom portion and a headspace portion and
a porous membrane bag located in the headspace portion of the microwave extraction vial, said porous membrane bag encapsulating a liquid-phase extraction medium, wherein the sample and solution are disposed in the bottom portion, the porous membrane bag does not contact the sample and the solution, the porous membrane bag and the headspace portion are also subjected to the microwave-heating, and the microwave-heating and agitating produces a vapor in the headspace portion; and
extracting the analyte from the vapor to produce a vapor extract within the liquid-phase extraction medium.

US Pat. No. 10,191,060

FUNCTIONALIZED CHROMOPHORIC POLYMER DOTS AND BIOCONJUGATES THEREOF

University of Washington,...

1. A functionalized chromophoric polymer dot (Pdot) comprising:a core and a cap, wherein said core comprises a chromophoric polymer, and said cap comprises a functionalization agent bearing one or more reactive functional groups, with the proviso that less than 100% of the cap is an organo silicate and the proviso that said cap does not encapsulate said core.

US Pat. No. 10,191,054

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR FULL BLOOD COUNT

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A microfluidic device for performing a full blood count from a whole blood sample from a finger-prick, the full blood count including measurements of white blood cell differential count, platelet count, red blood cell counts and hemoglobin, the microfluidic device comprising:a first inlet for providing the whole blood sample;
a second inlet for providing a first lysis agent to count white blood cells, the second inlet being located downstream from the first inlet and being connected to a first junction;
a third inlet for providing a quench solution, the third inlet being located downstream from the second inlet and being connected to a second junction;
a first pair of channels connected to and split from the first inlet and meeting at the first junction,
a second pair of channels connected to and split from the third inlet and meeting at the second junction;
a first snake mixing stage configured to mix the first lysis agent and the whole blood sample, the first snake mixing stage being located between the second and third inlets;
a second snake mixing stage configured to mix the quench solution and the mixture of the first lysis agent and the whole blood sample mixed at the first snake mixing stage, the second snake mixing stage being serially connected to the first snake mixing stage and located downstream from the first snake mixing stage and the third inlet, wherein an input of the first snake mixing stage is connected to the first junction, to the second inlet and to the first pair of channels, and wherein an output of the first snake mixing stage is connected to the second junction, to an input of the second snake mixing stage, and to the second pair of channels for providing the quench solution to the input of the second snake mixing stage from the second pair of channels split from the third inlet and meeting at the second junction; and
a channel for providing a second lysis agent to measure the hemoglobin, the channel including a fourth inlet located downstream from the first inlet for providing the second lysis agent into the channel to measure the hemoglobin.

US Pat. No. 10,191,053

METHODS FOR MEASURING AND REPORTING VASCULARITY IN A TISSUE SAMPLE

Flagship Biosciences, Inc...

1. A method for measuring and reporting vascularity in a biological tissue sample, comprising:acquiring at least one digital image of a stained tissue section, wherein the stained tissue section is stained in such a manner to allow identification of at least one vessel object and at least one tissue object;
detecting within the at least one digital image at least one vessel object, wherein the vessel object is selected from the group consisting of fully formed vessels and vessel fragments;
detecting at least one tissue object within the digital image;
calculating a vessel proximity score based on the detected vessel object and tissue object; and
digitally omitting from the vessel proximity score any detected vessels having a diameter or vessel area greater than a maximum vessel size.

US Pat. No. 10,191,052

METHODS OF DIAGNOSING AND TREATING ACTIVE TUBERCULOSIS IN AN INDIVIDUAL

ProteinLogic Limited, Ca...

1. A method of treating active (smear positive) tuberculosis in an individual, wherein the method comprises:(a) differentially diagnosing active (smear positive) tuberculosis over latent tuberculosis in the individual, comprising:
(1) obtaining a test biological sample from an individual;
(2) quantifying the amount of three or more biomarkers selected from CD14, CD22, CD25, CD64, IL-10, CXCL10, and IFN gamma, wherein at least one of the biomarkers is IFN gamma and at least one of the biomarkers is IL-10; and
(3) comparing the amounts of the biomarkers in the test biological sample with the amounts present in one or more control samples, such that a difference in the level of the biomarkers in the test biological sample is indicative of a differential diagnosis of active (smear positive) tuberculosis over latent tuberculosis; followed by
(b) administering an anti-tuberculosis medicament to the individual if there is a positive diagnosis for active (smear positive) tuberculosis.

US Pat. No. 10,191,047

SENSOR INTEGRATION IN LATERAL FLOW IMMUNOASSAYS AND ITS APPLICATIONS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method comprising:determining a parameter of a sample in a lateral flow immunoassay device, and
determining a concentration of an analyte in the sample based on the determined parameter;
wherein:
the lateral immunoassay device comprises:
a) a solid support;
b) a sample portion for receiving the sample;
c) a conjugate portion comprising conjugate particulate material;
d) a diagnostic portion comprising a binder for the analyte in the sample;
e) an absorbent portion of absorbent material for providing capillary flow; and
f) at least one electrical sensor; and
the sample portion, conjugate portion, diagnostic portion, and absorbent portion are in capillary flow communication, whereby the sample flows across the binder in the diagnostic portion to provide contact between the sample and the binder;
wherein the at least one electrical sensor is connected to a processing unit that is configured to compute:
the parameter of the sample at the diagnostic portion using a signal provided by the at least one electrical sensor; and
the concentration of the analyte using (a) a signal generated from a binding of the binder and the analyte in the sample and (b) the parameter of the sample; and
wherein the at least one electrical sensor and the binder for the analyte are both placed on one side of the solid support, the at least one electrical sensor being located on a portion of the solid support different from the binder for the analyte.

US Pat. No. 10,191,046

IMMUNOBIOSENSOR AND SENSOR SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

Se-Hwan Paek, Seoul (KR)...

1. An immunobiosensor based on a membrane lateral flow immuno-chromatographic assay (LF-ICA), comprising: a metal binding protein whose conformation changes upon reaction with a metal ion in a sample; a sensing antibody reacting with the conformationally changed metal binding protein as an antigen; a signal substance conjugated with the metal binding protein to form a signal conjugate; a signal generator reacting with the signal conjugate to generate a reaction signal; a reaction strip in the form of a porous membrane adapted to move the sample and where the antigen-antibody reaction occurs and the reaction signal is generated; a signal generator supply pad supplying the signal generator to the reaction strip; and a signal generator absorption pad absorbing the signal generator,wherein the reaction strip comprises a sample addition pad absorbing the sample and a signal generation pad connected to the sample addition pad in the lengthwise direction and immobilized with the sensing antibody to generate the reaction signal,
wherein one of the signal generator supply pad and the signal generator absorption pad is arranged at one lateral side of the signal generation pad and the other one is arranged at the other lateral side of the signal generation pad, and
wherein the signal generator is introduced into the signal generator supply pad, transferred in the widthwise direction of the signal generation pad, and absorbed into the signal generator absorption pad.

US Pat. No. 10,191,044

FLUSHABLE TEST STRIP

1. A diagnostic test strip comprising:a length and a width, wherein the length is greater than the width;
a substrate layer, wherein the substrate layer comprises a material that is water-soluble or water-dispersible;
a first hydrophobic coating; and
a plurality of reaction pads wherein each of the plurality of reaction pads comprises a reagent that participates in a chemical reaction in the presence of an analyte, wherein each of the plurality of reaction pads comprise a liquid absorbent material, and wherein the first hydrophobic coating is between the first side of the substrate layer and the plurality of reaction pads,
wherein a vertical cross-section of the reaction pads comprises at least two sides that are slanted relative to a vertical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,191,043

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CALIBRATING ILLUMINATION SOURCE OF DIAGNOSTIC TEST SYSTEM

Alverix, Inc., Franklin ...

1. A diagnostic test system, comprising:a test strip that comprises a flow path for a fluid sample, a sample receiving zone coupled to the flow path, a label that specifically binds a target analyte, a detection zone coupled to the flow path and comprising a test region exposed for optical inspection and having an immobilized test reagent that specifically binds the target analyte, and at least one reference feature comprising an illumination source calibration region;
a reader comprising an illumination source operable to illuminate the test strip when the test strip is loaded in a port for receiving the test strip, the reader further comprising a detection system that is configured to obtain light intensity measurements from exposed regions of the test strip when the test strip is loaded in the port; and
a data analyzer comprising software configured to
process the light intensity measurements obtained by the reader,
determine an illumination source output measure from at least one light intensity measurement obtained from the illumination source calibration region,
generate a control signal calibrating the illumination source based on a comparison of the determined illumination source output measure to a reference value, and
adjust a light intensity output of the illumination source when the determined illumination source output measure is different than the reference value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,042

CORE-SHELL NANOPARTICLES WITH MULTIPLE CORES AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THEM

The Research Foundation f...

1. Core-shell nanoparticles, each core-shell nanoparticle comprising:a shell containing a gold-silver mixture;
a plurality of discrete, nonconcentric, cores containing an iron-cobalt mixture, each core being within and surrounded by said shell; and
a ligand cap over said shell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,041

DETECTION OF ANALYTES USING METAL NANOPARTICLE PROBES AND DYNAMIC LIGHT SCATTERING

University of Central Flo...

1. An assay method for the detection of an analyte, said method comprising:providing a plurality of probes, said probes comprising metal nanoparticles;
contacting a sample solution suspected of including at least one analyte with said plurality of probes to form an assay solution, wherein in a presence of said analyte, a portion of said probes in said assay solution become aggregated nanoparticles;
directing light toward said assay solution; and
obtaining dynamic light scattering (DLS) data from said assay solution using dynamic light scattering, wherein said DLS data indicates a change in average particle size and/or a change in particle size distribution when said analyte is present in said solution; and
quantifying a concentration of the analyte based on the DLS data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,037

METHODS OF AND SYSTEMS FOR IMPROVED DETECTION SENSITIVITY OF ASSAYS

Aushon Biosystems, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising:an assay plate including a well having a geometric shape and a transparent window below the well;
an upper plate including an insert portion that protrudes into and has a complementary geometric shape to the geometric shape of the well of the assay plate, the insert portion situated above the transparent window; and
a coating on a horizontal bottom surface of the insert portion of the upper plate, wherein a gap that is on the order of millimeters forms between the coating surface and a top surface of the transparent window directly below the gap, and
wherein a plurality of analysis features are printed on the coating on the horizontal bottom surface, and the transparent window is adapted for imaging the analysis feature from below the well.

US Pat. No. 10,191,035

TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE FLUORESCENT PROBE FOR INTRODUCTION INTO CELL

KIRIN HOLDINGS KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for introducing a temperature-sensitive probe into a living cell, the method comprising the step of mixing the temperature-sensitive probe with said living cell in a solvent, wherein the temperature-sensitive probe comprises a copolymer, the copolymer comprising at least one thermoresponsive unit, a first fluorescent unit and a second fluorescent unit, and a cationic unit, wherein the first fluorescent unit and the second fluorescent unit each have a mutually different maximum fluorescence wavelengthwherein the copolymer comprises repeating units represented by formula (I), formula (II), formula (III), and formula (XIII):
wherein R1 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;R4 and R5 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-20 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, and aryl, or R4 and R5 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, in which the hetero ring may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, nitro, halogen atom, C1-10 alkylcarbonylamino, and arylcarbonylamino; andwherein R2 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;W is aromatic ring or —X1—C(?O)— (in which X1 is directly bonded to Q1);
X1 is O, S, or N—R11;
R11 is hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, or -Q1-Y, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
Q1 is independently selected from C1-20 alkylene, C3-20 alkenylene, or C3-20 alkynylene, in which the alkylene may be independently inserted into O, S, —O—P(?O)(—OH)—O—, or phenylene at one or more position(s);
Y is independently an ionic functional group capable of having one or more positive charges, and is selected from —N+R21R22R23Xe?, —C(?NR41)—NR42R43, and a group represented by the following formula:

Xe? and Xf? are counter anions;
R21, R22, and R23 are independently selected from C1-10 alkyl and C7-14 aralkyl, or R21 and R22 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring;
R24 is C1-10 alkyl or C7-14 aralkyl; and
R41, R42, and R43 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-10 alkyl, or R41 and R42 may be combined with the nitrogen and carbon atoms to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered hetero ring containing two nitrogen atoms, or R42 and R43 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, and
wherein R3 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;
X2 is O, S, or N—R12;
X3 is direct bond, O, S, SO, SO2, N(—R13), CON(—R16), N(—R16)CO, N(—R17)CON(—R18), SO2N(—R19), or N(—R19)SO2;
Q2 is selected from C1-20 alkylene, C3-20 alkenylene, or C3-20 alkynylene, in which O, S, or phenylene may be independently inserted into the alkylene at one or more position(s);
Ar is selected from a 6- to 18-membered aromatic carbocyclic group or a 5- to 18-membered aromatic heterocyclic group, in which the aromatic carbocyclic group and aromatic heterocyclic group may contain a fused ring, one or more ring(s) contained therein being aromatic ring(s), —CH2— existing in the aromatic carbocyclic group and the aromatic heterocyclic group as a ring atom may be optionally replaced with —C(O)—, and also the aromatic carbocyclic group and aromatic heterocyclic group may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, nitro, cyano, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl, carboxy, formyl, —NR6R7, and —SO2NR14R15 (in which alkyl contained in the C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, and C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, C1-6 alkylamino, di(C1-6 alkyl)amino, aryl, and carboxy);
R6 and R7 are independently selected from hydrogen atom, C1-10 alkyl, aryl, C1-10 alkylcarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, C1-10 alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, carbamoyl, N—(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, and N,N-di(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, in which alkyl contained in the C1-10 alkyl, C1-10 alkylcarbonyl, C1-10 alkylsulfonyl, N—(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, and N,N-di(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, C1-6 alkylamino, di(C1-6 alkyl)amino, aryl, and carboxy, and also aryl contained in the aryl, arylcarbonyl, and arylsulfonyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, and carboxy; or
R6 and R7 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, in which the hetero ring may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, nitro, halogen atom, C1-10 alkylcarbonylamino, and arylcarbonylamino;
R12 is hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, or -Q2-X3—Ar, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
R13 is hydrogen atom or C1-6 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
R14 and R15 are independently selected from hydrogen atom, and C1-6 alkyl; or R14 and R15 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring; and
R16, R17, R18, and R19 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl; and
wherein R55 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;
R51, R52, R53, and R54 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl;
X4 is direct bond, phenylene, -Q4-O—C(?O)— (in which Q4 is directly bonded to a boron dipyrromethene skeleton), or -Q4-N(R61)—C(?O)— (in which Q4 is directly bonded to a boron dipyrromethene skeleton);
R61 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl;
Q4 is selected from C1-20 alkylene, phenylene, and naphthylene, and the phenylene and naphthylene may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, and carboxy, and
wherein a, b, c, and d are numerals representing a ratio of each repeating unit in formula of more than 0, the sum of a and b being 100, b being 2 to 10.

US Pat. No. 10,191,031

SYSTEM AND METHODS ESTIMATION OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SIZE OF LIGHT-SCATTERING PARTICLES IN MATERIALS

The General Hospital Corp...

21. A method for determining a viscoelastic modulus of a sample with the use of an optical system, the method comprising:acquiring, with an optical detector, optical data representing time evolution of a speckle associated with light-scattering particles of the sample irradiated with light from a light source;
determining an average size of said light-scattering particles based on an angle-dependent pattern of a diffuse remittance profile (DRP) derived from acquired optical data;
calculating, with a programmable processor, a value of mean square displacement (MSD) of the light-scattering particles and a mechanical property of the sample from the acquired optical data, said MSD being a function of said size; and
estimating, with the programmable processor and from said angle-dependent pattern, an experimentally-determined value of a ratio of a first normalized irradiance to a second normalized irradiance, the first and second normalized irradiances being defined by said angle-dependent pattern at first and second values of an angle, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,191,030

CHARGING DEVICE FOR BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE CHARGED USING SAME

PHC HOLDINGS CORPORATION,...

1. A biological information measurement device comprising:a main body case including a sensor mounting portion to which a sensor for measuring a biological information is mounted;
a measurement section connected to the sensor mounting portion inside the main body case;
a controller connected to the measurement section; a rechargeable battery connected to the controller; a display section connected to the controller;
a non-contact charging portion connected to the controller, the non-contact charging portion configured to charge the battery by a non-contact charging;
the controller displays a measurement-impossible time on the display section when the non-contact charging portion starts to charge the battery and after the non-contact charging portion completes to charge the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,191,029

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO EXTEND THE CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF AN INVERSION OF THE HODGKIN-HUXLEY GATING MODEL

1. A method to quantify a steady state functions of voltage of a gating variable of a Hodgkin Huxley formalism of a cell comprising the steps of:providing an electrophysiology apparatus configured to provide a voltage difference across a cell membrane of a cell and to measure a current through said cell membrane and a computer configured to run one or more processes including an inversion process of a set of underlying ordinary differential equations of a Hodgkin-Huxley model wherein said inversion process is defined by the equation:
where va ,vb:are time interval of application of the conditioning voltage of a C-step voltage clamp stimulation, i: indexes the gating variables of an Hodgkin-Huxley formalism, yc(i)(v): ith gating variable, i ? [0,1], evaluated at the end of the conditioning pulse of voltage uC and time interval of its application either va or vb, sC(i),sH(i) steady state function of voltage of each gating variable evaluated at the conditioning (uC), and holding s(uH) voltages respectively, of a C-Step voltage clamp stimulation protocol;applying said voltage difference across said cell membrane according to each protocol, and in any order:
a H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol, and
a C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol comprising:
applying a fixed holding voltage uH, followed by applying successive conditioning pulses at a plurality of stepped conditioning voltages uC and time intervals of application, va and vb, of the conditioning voltage, following each step of said steps of conditioning pulses, applying a test voltage uT during which test voltage a test current is measured, and wherein said plurality of stepped conditioning voltage uC are higher voltage than said fixed holding voltage uH,
identifying a voltage range RC of said stepped conditioning voltage uC where the channel exhibits measurable and independent currents during the test pulse, with changes of conditioning voltage uc and time intervals va, vb;
For a first time interval of application of said conditioning voltage va, estimating a first yC(i)(va) based on said inversion process, and changing said conditioning voltage and repeating said step of applying until the voltage range RC is found, where measured currents during the test pulse are measurable and independent from one another when the conditioning voltage and its time interval of application are changed;
for a second time interval of application of uC, vb, repeating said step of estimating to estimate a second different yC(i)(vb);
calculating a voltage dependence of the steady state functions sC(i) by solving for the zeros of said objective function, using first yC(i)(va) and second yC(i)(vb);
generating a data set as a solution of said set of underlying ordinary differential equations, said data set comprising a set of said voltage difference, and a measured current from said H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol and said C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol; and
estimating by said inversion process a set of gating parameters comprising a steady state as a function of voltage based on said data set to quantify said steady state function of voltage of a gating variable an Hodgkin Huxley formalism channel availability of said cell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,028

INORGANIC NANOPARTICLE MATRICES FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS

Ionwerks, Houston, TX (U...

1. A method of preparing and analyzing a tissue sample comprising the steps of:combining the tissue sample with a matrix, said matrix comprising ionized inorganic nanoparticles wherein the combining step further comprises the step of injecting the matrix within a near surface layer of a slice of the tissue sample, wherein the near surface layer comprises a first few nanometers of the slice of the tissue sample, and,
analyzing said combined tissue sample and matrix by laser desorption mass spectrometry.

US Pat. No. 10,191,027

METHODS OF DETERMINING PROPERTIES OF OIL

TOPNIR SYSTEMS SAS, Aix ...

1. Crude oil analytical and sampling device suitable for sampling crude oil from their conveying pipeline(s) (1) to a spectroscopy analysis device (8) and comprising a fast loop system connected to the crude oil conveying pipeline(s) and a sample conditioning system cabinet connected to the fast loop system and to the spectroscopy analysis device characterised in that the fast loop comprises a filter (3) and a pump (2) and the sample conditioning system cabinet comprises a grabber (4) connected to the fast loop system, said grabber having a sampling volume Vgr comprised between 1 and 100 cubic centimeters (cm3), a filter (5) and a double actuation syringe (6) which has a sampling volume Vse comprised between 100 and 10 000 cubic centimeters (cm3), said double actuation syringe being connected to the spectroscopy analysis device (8) for analysing a part or all of the sampling volume Vse wherein the ratio between the syringe sampling volume (in cm3) Vse and the grabber volume (in cm3) Vgr is comprised between 50 and 500.

US Pat. No. 10,191,026

FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SUGAR CONTENT DETECTOR

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A fruit and vegetable sugar content detector, comprising:a measurement electrode unit comprising two measurement electrodes capable of being inserted into a to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, one end of one of the two measurement electrodes being connected to one end of the other one of the two measurement electrodes;
a resistance detection circuit connected to the measurement electrode unit and configured to detect a resistance between the two measurement electrodes;
a processor connected to the resistance detection circuit and configured to determine, in accordance with the detected resistance between the two measurement electrodes, a sugar content of the to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, and generate sugar content indication information, a storage connected to the processor and configured to store therein a correspondence between the resistance and the sugar content, wherein the processor is configured to inquire the correspondence stored in the storage in accordance with the detected resistance between the measurement electrodes, and determine the sugar content of the to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, wherein the measurement electrodes are each of a cylindrical shape, and a cross section of each measurement electrode has a diameter within a range from 5 ?m to 15 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,191,025

MEDICAL DEVICE, MEDICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DISEASES

Al Azri, Sultan Sultan Ha...

1. A medical device to provide an alert of the potential detection of a gas or a disease in an infrastructure having a chamber of air and a geographic location, the device comprising:one or more sample ports of known sub-location within the infrastructure, the one or more sample ports being open to a designated part of the infrastructure and a sample of air from the air chamber being operable to pass through the one or more sample ports;
a laser-based molecular characteristic detector to receive the sample of air from a specific one of the one or more sample ports and being operable to generate molecular characteristic data for identifying gases or diseases from the sample of air;
a processor operable to analyse the molecular characteristic data from the sample of air and to issue an alert output in response to the detection of particular molecular characteristic data from the sample of air; and
a treatment module for treating the sample of air, wherein the treatment module comprises an autoclave, operable to subject the sample of air to high pressure saturated steam at approximately 120° C. or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,191,024

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR SENSORS

Trane International Inc.,...

1. A method for reducing power consumption of a sensor, comprising:sensing a monitored gas in a local atmosphere by taking sensor readings at a sensing rate, wherein each sensor reading comprises an amount of individual samples;
determining if a predetermined condition has been met to change at least one of a sensing rate or the amount of individual samples comprising each sensor reading; and
changing the amount of individual samples comprising each sensor reading if it is determined that the predetermined condition has been met.

US Pat. No. 10,191,023

GAS-MEASURING DEVICE

1. A sensor unit for detecting a gas, the sensor unit comprising:a measuring channel;
a gas inlet for introducing environmental gas into the measuring channel;
a gas outlet for removing the environmental gas from the measuring channel;
a shut off valve operatively connected to one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to close the measuring channel at said one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet;
a pump unit operatively connected to another of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to evacuate environmental gas from the measuring channel by generating a vacuum therein and to close the measuring channel at said other of the gas inlet and the gas outlet, whereby with the shut off valve and the pump unit closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet, the measuring channel is pressure-tight with respect to environmental gas;
a gas sensor operatively connected to the measuring channel for detecting the gas in the environmental gas; and
a heating unit for heating the gas sensor, wherein the sensor unit is configured to be operated in a measuring mode and in a regeneration mode, wherein the measuring channel is evacuated and the gas sensor is heated in the regeneration mode; and
a control unit controlling an operation state of each of the shut off valve, the pump unit and the heating unit and switching over from the regeneration mode to the measuring mode including deactivating the pump unit and the heating element and opening the gas inlet and the gas outlet and switching over from the measuring mode to the regeneration mode including closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet and activating the pump unit and the heating element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,022

GAS IMAGER EMPLOYING AN ARRAY IMAGER PIXELS WITH ORDER FILTERS

UVIA GROUP LLC, Humacao,...

1. A gas detector comprising:a plurality of lenslets for a set of wavelengths, each lenslet with a circular blazed grating for diffraction of radiation to a focal plane;
a detector at the focal plane receiving radiation passing through the at least one lenslet for detection at a predetermined diffraction order; and,
a plurality of order filters associated with the plurality of lenslets to pass radiation at wavelengths corresponding to the predetermined diffraction order to the detector, each filter blocking a selected set of higher orders wherein the plurality of order filters is equal in number to the plurality of lenslets, each order filter associated with one lenslet of the plurality of lenslets to pass radiation at wavelengths corresponding to the predetermined order to associated pixels of the detector;
a controller receiving input from associated pixels associated for each of the plurality of order filters in the detector and having
a module adapted to deconvolve intensity, In, at the associated pixels in the detector for each of the plurality of order filters where n equals the number of order filters and
a second module to determine a presence of gas by a slope between true intensities at wavelengths of any two of the order filters exceeding a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,191,021

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING A TEMPERATURE OF A TRANSISTOR

1. A method for estimating junction temperature or die temperature of a transistor of an inverter system, the method comprising:measuring, by a detector, turn-off change in voltage with respect to change in time between a collector and emitter of a transistor in a phase of an inverter;
measuring, by the detector, peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter, where the measuring of peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter is triggered by a drop in a voltage applied to a base or a gate of the transistor in an active state; and where upon the triggering the peak voltage of a transient spike in a collector voltage of the transistor is measured via a series of cascaded multimode diodes and a resistive voltage divider;
determining, by an electronic data processor, intermediate parameters of turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop based on the turn-off voltage change and the peak voltage;
determining, by the data processor, the power loss or energy loss for one switching cycle of the transistor based on the turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop between the collector and emitter of the transistor; and
estimating, by the data processor, an associated average junction or die temperature for the transistor over the switching cycle based on the determined energy loss, observed inverter system temperature and thermal characteristic of the inverter system, where an inverter system temperature sensor measures a coolant temperature in a coolant system for cooling the inverter or a housing temperature of an inverter housing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,020

FLAME IONIZATION DETECTION BURNER ASSEMBLIES FOR USE IN COMPRESSIBLE FLUID-BASED CHROMATOGRAPHY SYSTEMS

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A burner assembly of a flame-based detector comprising:(1) a burner comprising a burner body having a fluid inlet for receiving combustion gases and a fluid outlet for delivering combustion gases to a flame position, the burner body defining a flow path extending from the fluid inlet to the flame position and having a longitudinal axis;
and
(2) a restrictor comprising a hollow body comprising a first end for receiving at least a portion of a mobile phase flow stream from a chromatography system and a second end for delivering the at least a portion of the mobile phase flow stream as a decompressed mobile phase flow stream to the burner; and
wherein during flame-based detection of one or more constituents of the at least a portion of the mobile phase flow stream:
at least the second end of the restrictor is inserted into the burner; and
the second end of the restrictor having a tip that is angled to deliver the decompressed mobile phase flow stream to the burner body flow path at an angle substantially non-parallel to the longitudinal axis of the burner.

US Pat. No. 10,191,019

VACUUM-ASSISTED IN-NEEDLE CAPPLICARY ADSORPTION TRAP WITH MULTIWALLED POLYANILINE/CARBON NANOTUBE NANOCOMPOSITE SORBENT

1. A vacuum-assisted in-needle capillary adsorption trap (VA-INACT) system comprising:a first needle including a first end and a second end and a side aperture positioned between the first end and the second end, and the side aperture being configured to provide access to an interior space of the needle;
a second needle placed adjacent to the first needle and including a first end and a second end;
a sorbent coated between the second end and the side aperture within the interior space of the first needle and configured to entrap an analyte attached to a sample placed within a sample vial;
a vacuum flask including a first opening and a second opening and configured to house the sample vial;
a first cover configured to cover an opening of the sample vial;
a second cover configured to cover the first opening of vacuum flask and including three apertures, a first of the three apertures configured to receive the first needle within an interior space of the extraction vial, a second of the three apertures configured to receive the second needle within the interior space of the extraction vial, and a third of the three apertures configured to receive a wire for opening the first cover of the sample vial;
a peristaltic pump including an inlet and an outlet respectively coupled to the second ends of the first and second needles and configured to circulate the extracted analyte though the first needle and the second needle to improve analyte adsorption on the sorbent inside the first needle; and
a vacuum device configured to evacuate the interior space of the vacuum flask and improve the efficiency of the extracting the analyte, wherein:
the vacuum device includes a valve, a vacuum trap and a vacuum pump,
the vacuum flask is coupled to the vacuum trap via a connection tube,
the connection tube connect the vacuum trap to the second opening of the vacuum flask,
the vacuum pump is in communication with the vacuum trap and the vacuum flask and is configured to provide a vacuum within the interior space of the vacuum flask, and
the valve configured to operate between an open position and a closed position, wherein in the closed position the valve disables the communication between the vacuum pump and the vacuum flask and in the open position the valve enables the communication between the vacuum pump and the vacuum flask.

US Pat. No. 10,190,993

INSPECTION OF SEAL FOR HIGH ALTITUDE BALLOONS

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A method for inspecting first translucent material, the method comprising:placing the first translucent material on a surface, the surface included a first layer of second translucent material and a second layer including a reflective surface;
arranging a movable light source over the first translucent material the movable light source includes a housing having an open end, a closed end, and one or more sidewalls arranged between the open end and the closed end, the closed end including an image sensor;
using the movable light source to provide light to the reflective surface such that light from the movable light source is reflected from the reflective surface and through the second translucent material in order to backlight the first translucent material; and
using the image sensor to capture the reflected light in order to inspect the first translucent material.

US Pat. No. 10,190,977

METHOD OF MEASUREMENT OF MULTILAYER STRUCTURES

LUMETRICS, INC., Rochest...

1. A method of identifying the material composition of each layer in a multilayer structure comprising m layers where m is an integer greater than 1, the method comprising the steps of:a) providing an interferometer apparatus with a low-coherence tunable light source;
b) aligning a portion of the multilayer structure with respect to a measurement region of the interferometer apparatus;
c) using the interferometer apparatus to observe layers in the multilayer structure, and to measure the optical thickness of each of the observed layers in the multilayer structure as a function of center wavelength of the low-coherence tunable light source;
d) determining the number of layers m in the multilayer structure by setting m equal to the maximum number of observed layers measured using the low coherence interferometer as a function of center wavelength of the low-coherence tunable light source;
e) calculating normalized group index of refraction dispersion curves for each of the m layers in the multilayer structure by selecting one center wavelength of the tunable light source as a reference wavelength and calculating the ratio of the measured optical thickness at each measurement wavelength to that measured at the selected reference wavelength for each of the m layers in the multilayer structure; and
f) for each of the m layers, identifying the material composition for that layer by comparing its calculated normalized group index of refraction dispersion curve to a reference data base of known materials group index of refraction dispersion curves and finding the best fit material for that layer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,928

FLEXIBLE SENSOR FOR MEASURING FLEX OR TORQUE

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A sensor comprising:a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising a slot extending from an outer edge of the PCB to an inner portion of the PCB, the slot defining a first inner-slot surface and a second inner-slot surface facing, across the slot, the first inner-slot surface, the first and second inner-slot surfaces being separated by a gap when the PCB is in an unflexed state, the slot being configured to permit the PCB to flex so as to vary a relative position of the first inner-slot surface with respect to the second inner-slot surface;
a capacitive structure on the PCB comprising:
a first electrode on a portion of the first inner-slot surface of the PCB; and
a second electrode on a portion of the second inner-slot surface of PCB, the second electrode aligned with the first electrode across the slot; and
mechanical coupling sites arranged on the PCB such that mechanical variations in a structure to which the sensor is attached cause the PCB to flex and vary a relative position of the first electrode with respect to the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,190,904

EARHEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD II

Staton Techiya, LLC, Del...

1. A method, comprising:measuring sound pressure levels (SPLECM1) for a first acoustic energy received by an ear canal microphone (ECM) of an audio device during a time increment ?t, wherein measurements corresponding to SPLECM1 are free field equivalent values which are measured while the audio device remains in a position; and
calculating a SPL_Dose?t based on the SPLECM1, wherein SPL_Dose?t indicates a cumulative exposure to the SPLECM1.

US Pat. No. 10,190,882

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO FACILITATE HAVING ADEQUATE VEHICLE POWER

JAGUAR LAND ROVER LIMITED...

1. A method, comprising:determining an estimated remaining power capacity of a vehicle source of electric power that will remain after travelling along an identified route to an identified destination for each of a plurality of driving modes including a current driving mode;
determining whether any of the estimated remaining power capacities will be sufficient for travelling from the identified destination to at least one known location where increasing the power capacity of the vehicle source of electric power is possible; and
providing an indication of at least one recommendation regarding the remaining power capacity of the vehicle source of electric power prior to reaching the identified destination when the estimated remaining power capacity for the current driving mode will not be sufficient for travelling from the identified destination to the at least one known location, the at least one recommendation including an indication prompting a driver to use one of the plurality of drive modes different from the current driving mode that results in an estimated remaining power capacity that is sufficient for travelling from the identified destination to the at least one known location.

US Pat. No. 10,190,880

ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electronic timepiece comprising:a first indicating hand;
a second indicating hand;
a receiver that receives position identification information for identifying a current position;
a magnetic sensor; and
a controller that determines a direction to a destination based on the position identification information received by the receiver, an output from the magnetic sensor, and destination information representing a position of the destination and determines a distance to the destination based on the position identification information and the destination information,
wherein the first indicating hand indicates the direction to the destination, and the second indicating hand displays the distance to the destination.

US Pat. No. 10,190,879

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING GROUND POSITION CHANGES

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A system for detecting localized ground position changes with an overall area, comprising:a plurality of lighting units each fixed to the ground and mounted within the overall area, wherein each lighting unit comprises a movement detection and/or positioning system and a transmitter for transmitting movement and/or positioning information to a remote central processing unit; and
the central processing unit for receiving the movement and/or positioning information from the plurality of fixed lighting units and adapted to process the received positioning information to identify local ground position changes;
wherein the central processing unit is adapted to identify a local around position change based on position and/or movement information from a plurality of lighting units in close proximity to each other having correlated ground position changes, and optionally wherein the correlated position changes correspond to position changes in the same direction or towards or away from a common point.

US Pat. No. 10,190,878

UNIVERSAL LIQUID ANGLE INDICATOR

1. A liquid angle indicator, consisting of the base with a graduated glass tube attached to it, which contains liquid and an indicator, i.e. an air bubble, differing by having an open loop semicircular glass tube, its ends are attached to the rectangular plate (base). (FIG. 1).

US Pat. No. 10,190,877

LEVEL APPARATUS

1. An electronic level mechanism comprising:a device housing;
at least one printed circuit board;
an inhibitor housing;
an inhibitor comprising:
a triangular portion, wherein the triangular portion comprises an attachment aperture;
at least two arms, wherein each individual of the at least two arms comprises a ninety degree aperture;
wherein a first of the at least two arms extends vertically on a first side of the inhibitor and wherein a second of the at least two arms extends vertically on a second side of the inhibitor;
a substantially rectangular body comprising at least two forty five degree apertures;
a base comprising a rectangular protrusion and a aperture for horizontal leveling;
an emitter comprising at least one optocoupler and a transmitter for transmitting at least one beam;
a receiver comprising at least one optocoupler;
wherein the inhibitor housing, emitter and receiver are located inside the device housing;
a power switch;
a match switch;
a power LED;
a match LED;
an LED located on the device housing;
at least one printed circuit board (“PCB”) comprising a first amplifier and a second amplifier;
wherein actuation of the power switch allows power to flow through the main PCB and to return to first PCB conditioned and allows the LED to be activated and that indicate system ready for use and provide a match condition at a set of angles; and
wherein subsequent actuation of the match switch allows power to flow to the first amplifier and the second amplifier for comparison of the output from the receiver to see when the inhibitor has passed infrared (“IR”) energy to the receiver or when IR energy reaches the receiver and exceeds a threshold of the second amplifier, the second amplifier's output activates the Match LED as the level mechanism is oriented at different levels on a work piece and the emitter passes the at least one beam through the appropriate opening in the inhibitor when the predetermined selected position is achieved.

US Pat. No. 10,190,876

LEVEL INDICATOR FOR SKID STEER ATTACHMENT

Great Plains Manufacturin...

1. A skid steer assembly for a skid steer, said skid steer assembly comprising:a scarifier attachment including—
a frame,
a skid shoe assembly positioned on a bottom of said frame, wherein said skid shoe assembly comprises a central portion, a rear portion extending rearward from the central portion, and a forward portion extending forward from the central portion,
one or more ground-engaging elements configured to extend from the bottom of the frame and into the ground; and
a depth indicator for indicating a depth of said ground-engaging elements of said tiller attachment below the ground level, wherein said depth indicator includes—
a cylindrically-shaped reference component displaying a plurality of references, wherein each of said references is associated with a particular depth below the ground level of said ground-engaging elements of said scarifier attachment;
an elongated securement component for supporting said reference component with respect to the scarifier attachment, wherein said securement component comprises a first end and a second end, wherein said first end of said securement component is configured to be secured to the scarifier attachment, and wherein said second end of said securement component is configured to be spaced above the scarifier attachment and is secured to said reference component, wherein said second end of said securement component is circularly-shaped with a diameter that matches a diameter of said reference component; and
an indicator mechanism rotatably connected to said securement component adjacent said second end of said securement component, wherein said indicator mechanism is configured to highlight one of said references of said reference component based on depth below the ground level of said ground-engaging elements of said scarifier attachment.

US Pat. No. 10,190,874

METROLOGY OF MULTIPLE PATTERNING PROCESSES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:providing a first amount of illumination light to a first plurality of measurement sites on a semiconductor wafer, wherein each of the first plurality of measurement sites includes at least one multiple patterned metrology target characterized by at least one parameter of interest generated by at least two patterning steps of a multiple patterning process, wherein a pitch of the at least one multiple patterned target fabricated by the multiple patterning process is a multiple of a pitch of a mask of a lithography system employed as part of the multiple patterning process, wherein the at least one parameter of interest is indicative of a geometric error that results from the multiple patterning process, wherein at least one of the multiple patterned metrology targets located at one or more of the first plurality of measurement sites is different from at least one of another of the multiple patterned metrology targets;
detecting an amount of light from each of the first plurality of measurement sites in response to the first amount of illumination light provided to each of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer, the detected amount of light comprising a first amount of optical measurement data;
receiving the first amount of optical measurement data associated with the measurements of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer;
determining a value of the at least one parameter of interest associated with each of the first plurality of measurement sites based on the first amount of measurement data and a signal response metrology (SRM) model, wherein the SRM model is an input-output model measurement model that directly relates the received optical measurement data to a value of the at least one parameter of interest; and
storing the value of the at least one parameter of interest in a memory.

US Pat. No. 10,190,873

SHAPE MEASURING DEVICE AND SHAPE MEASURING METHOD

Keyence Corporation, Osa...

1. A shape measuring device that measures a shape of a measuring object, the shape measuring device comprising:a light projecting section configured to irradiate the measuring object with light;
a light receiving section configured to receive the light projected by the light projecting section and reflected from the measuring object;
an exposure control section configured to change an exposure time of the light receiving section stepwise;
a height image data generating section configured to obtain a light receiving amount output from the light receiving section at each exposure time, which is changed stepwise by the exposure control section, and to generate height image data, in which each pixel value indicates a height of each portion of a surface of the measuring object, based on the obtained light receiving amount;
a pixel determination section configured to obtain a light receiving amount received by the light receiving section at each exposure time, which is changed stepwise by the exposure control section, and to determine whether each pixel constituting each height image, which is generated by the height image data generating section, is valid or invalid based on the obtained light receiving amount; and
an exposure time setting section configured to set, as a set value, an exposure time, which corresponds to a height image in which the number of pixels determined to be valid by the pixel determination section satisfies a predetermined condition.

US Pat. No. 10,190,872

PHOTODETECTION DEVICE INCLUDING INTERFERENCE ELEMENT

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A photodetection device, comprising:an image sensor that includes first pixels and second pixels;
an interference element that includes incident regions; and
illumination that emits light in a first wavelength band and light in a second wavelength band different from the first wavelength band, wherein
the interference element:
causes first interference of part of the light in the first wavelength band incident on two incident regions that are included in the incident regions and that are adjacent to each other, and guides resultant light of the first interference to any of the first pixels and guides another part of the light in the first wavelength band incident on the two incident regions to any of the second pixels, and
causes second interference of part of the light in the second wavelength band incident on the two incident regions, and guides resultant light of the second interference to any of the first pixels and guides another part of the light in the second wavelength band incident on the two incident regions to any of the second pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,190,871

PRECISION POSITIONING SYSTEM USING A WAVELENGTH TUNABLE LASER

Zygo Corporation, Middle...

1. A method for determining a characteristic of a test cavity, the method comprising:for each of a plurality of optical frequencies within a bandwidth of a tunable laser, measuring interference signals from the test cavity and a reference cavity having a known characteristic;
determining values for the plurality of optical frequencies from the measured interference signals of the reference cavity and the known characteristic of the reference cavity, and
determining the characteristic of the test cavity using the determined values of the plurality of optical frequencies,
wherein measuring the interference signals comprises sweeping through the plurality of optical frequencies within the bandwidth of the tunable laser as a function of time and measuring the interference signals for both the test cavity and the reference cavity for each of multiple, different times during the sweeping so that the measured signals for the test and reference cavities at each of the multiple, different times correspond to different ones of the plurality of optical frequencies within the bandwidth of the tunable laser.

US Pat. No. 10,190,870

OPTICAL DISPLACEMENT SENSOR ELEMENT

Sintef TTO AS, Trondheim...

1. An optical displacement sensor comprising:a first at least partially reflective surface and a second surface having at least three diffractive patterns, the first and second surfaces being provided on elements, wherein at least one of said elements is moveable to change a distance between the elements, so that the elements have a variable distance between them, wherein the partially reflective surface defines respective pairs together with each diffractive pattern, each of said pairs defining a respective cavity between them, each cavity having a respective cavity length;
at least one light source transmitting light in at least one chosen wavelength range into said cavities; and
at least one light detector receiving light from the cavities, wherein each pair is adapted to provide a maximum diffractive efficiency at chosen wavelengths within said range, said diffractive patterns being adapted to direct light toward at least one detector provided in a known position relative to said diffractive patterns, the detector being adapted to measure the diffraction efficiency phase corresponding to each pair, thereby producing three or more signals which collectively allow measurement of a displacement between the first and second surfaces that is independent of an intensity of the light source;
wherein the pairs provide phase offsets of 0, 2?/3 and 4?/3, respectively at the chosen wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,190,869

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing device, comprising:a processor configured to:
collect information indicating a plurality of visual target positions from a plurality of viewpoints, wherein the plurality of viewpoints are in a space;
evaluate a plurality of positions in the space based on density of the plurality of visual target positions;
control an image sensor to obtain image data, wherein the image sensor obtains the image data based on an imaging operation on an inside of the space;
acquire the image data from the image sensor;
edit the image data based on the evaluated plurality of positions in the space; and
generate, based on the edited image data, free-viewpoint image data to provide a free viewpoint image.

US Pat. No. 10,190,868

METROLOGY SYSTEM, METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT EMPLOYING AUTOMATIC TRANSITIONING BETWEEN UTILIZING A LIBRARY AND UTILIZING REGRESSION FOR MEASUREMENT PROCESSING

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

9. A metrology system, comprising:(1) a computer subsystem for:
operating the metrology system in a first mode to perform measurement processing utilizing a library, including:
(a) collecting, by the metrology system, signals from a fabricated semiconductor device by:
a light source of the metrology system directing light towards one or more areas of the fabricated semiconductor device, and
a detector of the metrology system receiving light reflected from the one or more areas of the fabricated semiconductor device, generating the signals responsive to the received light, and outputting the signals to a computer subsystem, and
(b) processing the signals utilizing the library to obtain measurements for the fabricated semiconductor device;
while operating the metrology system in the first mode, determining that a first predetermined condition has been met, including that a quality of a measurement is below a predefined threshold quality; and
in response to determining that the first predetermined condition has been met, automatically transitioning the metrology system from operating in the first mode to operating in a second mode to perform the measurement processing in association with the measurement, utilizing regression, the transitioning being performed by:
automatically selecting, by the metrology system, fixed parameters that are to be added as floating parameters for the measurement processing utilizing the regression, and
adding the selected fixed parameters as the floating parameters for the measurement processing utilizing the regression; and
(2) a dedicated regression processing cluster of the metrology system or the computer subsystem for:
operating the metrology system in the second mode to perform the measurement processing in association with the measurement, utilizing the regression, including:
performing the regression in association with the measurement utilizing the floating parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,190,867

REAL TIME DUAL MODE FULL-FIELD OPTICAL COHERENCE MICROSCOPY WITH FULL RANGE IMAGING

B. G. NEGEV TECHNOLOGIES ...

1. An interference microscopy 3D imaging system comprising:a. an illumination unit, which provides light to the system;
b. a frequency domain triggering unit, which accepts light from illumination unit and allows triggering of detectors in a frequency domain operating mode;
c. a two beam orthogonally polarized interferometer, which is illuminated by light from illumination unit and;
d. a detection unit comprising:
i. a tube lens;
ii. at least three 50/50 non-polarizing beam splitters;
iii. at least two analyzers;
iv. at least two parallel detectors; and
v. at least one precision achromatic wave plate chosen from at least one of the following types of wave plates: compensating, half wave, and quarter wave; and
e. a motorized stage on which the sample is mounted, the motorized stage connected to and controlled by a processing unit;
wherein the interference microscopy 3D imaging system allows at least two full field achromatic phase shifted interference signals to be captured simultaneously and processed to yield an amplitude signal and a phase signal thereby allowing ultra-high speed, accurate 3D imaging with great immunity to vibrational and intensity noise;
wherein the two beam orthogonally polarized interferometer has the configuration of one of the following interferometer types: Linnik, Michelson, Twyman-Green, Fizau, Nomarski and Mirau.

US Pat. No. 10,190,865

VERIFYING END EFFECTOR FLATNESS USING ELECTRICAL CONTINUITY

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A system for measuring flatness of an end effector in a semiconductor processing tool, the system comprising:an end effector that is at least partially electrically conductive and is configured to move in a z-direction, an x-direction, and a y-direction, wherein the z-direction is in the vertical direction, the x-direction is orthogonal to the y-direction, and the x-direction and the y-direction are perpendicular to the z-direction;
a probe;
an electrical continuity detector configured to detect electrical continuity between the probe and the end effector when the probe and the end effector are in electrically conductive contact; and
a controller configured to:move the end effector in the z-direction to cause electrically conductive contact between the end effector and the probe.

US Pat. No. 10,190,863

METHOD FOR MEASURING THE THICKNESS OF A LAYER OF RUBBER-LIKE MATERIAL

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A method for measuring a thickness of a layer of rubber-like material that includes a free face in contact with air and a face joined to an adjacent reinforcement made of elements electrically insulated from one another, each of the elements containing at least one hysteretic material having a magnetic permeability greater than a magnetic permeability of air, the method comprising steps of:causing a sensitive element, which emits an alternating magnetic field, to be moved towards the layer of rubber-like material;
measuring hysteretic losses in the adjacent reinforcement, the hysteretic losses being measured at terminals of the sensitive element; and
evaluating a thickness of the layer of rubber-like material based on the hysteretic losses.

US Pat. No. 10,190,862

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HIGH PRECISION CABLE LENGTH MEASUREMENT IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method for cable length measurement in a communication system, the method comprising:transmitting, at a transmitter, a plurality of data symbols at a first data rate via a wired data communication link;
in response to the transmitting, receiving, at a receiver, a reflection signal from the wired data communication link;
obtaining, at a signal sampler, a phase shift number of shifting sampling phases for sampling the received reflection signal;
sampling, at the sampler, the received reflection signal based on the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases to generate reflection samples, each reflection sample corresponding to a sampled value of the received reflection signal shifted by a sampling phase from the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases;
combining the reflection samples with different sampling phases to generate a phase shift number of reflection samples corresponding to a second data rate higher than the first data rate;
for each data symbol of the plurality of data symbols, generating a phase shift number of data symbols with different shifted phases corresponding to the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases, and
for each respective data symbol of the phase shift number of data symbols, subtracting the respective data symbol from a respective reflection sample of the phase shift number of reflection samples, respectively, to obtain a plurality of reflection response samples at the second data rate;
determining, at a cable length calculation unit, a delay parameter indicative of a transmission time for a signal to transmit from the transmitter to an end of the wired data communication link based on values of the plurality of reflection response samples of reflection response samples; and
generating, at the cable length calculation unit, an estimate of a length of the data communication link based at least in part on the determined delay parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,860

CAMSHAFT SIDEWALL MEASURING DEVICES AND METHODS THEREOF

Adcole Corporation, Marl...

1. A measuring device comprising:a rotatable stage configured to receive and rotate an object along a rotational axis of the object;
a housing located adjacent to the rotatable stage and movable in a direction parallel to the rotational axis of the object, the housing having a pivoting arm located between a pair of opposing compression springs, the compression springs configured to provide a preload force in either direction parallel to the rotational axis of the object;
a probe tip coupled to the pivoting arm and extending from the housing, the probe tip configured to contact a portion of the object; and
a displacement measuring device coupled to the pivoting arm, the displacement measuring device configured to measure displacement of the probe tip in the direction parallel to the rotational axis of the object based on movement of the pivoting arm against one of the opposing compression springs.

US Pat. No. 10,190,857

METHOD OF MAKING POLYMERIC SUBSONIC AMMUNITION

True Velocity IP Holdings...

1. A method of making polymeric subsonic ammunition having a primer insert comprising the steps of:providing a primer insert comprising a top surface opposite a bottom surface and a substantially cylindrical coupling element that extends from the bottom surface, a primer recess in the top surface that extends toward the bottom surface, a primer flash hole aperture positioned in the primer recess that extends through the bottom surface, and a flange that extends circumferentially about an outer edge of the top surface;
forming a substantially cylindrical polymeric middle body by overmolding a polymer composition over the substantially cylindrical coupling element and into the primer flash hole aperture to form a flash hole and extending from the primer insert to form a polymeric coupling end, thereby forming a propellant chamber;
forming a propellant insert adapted to fit in the propellant chamber;
positioning the propellant insert in the propellant chamber to reduce the propellant chamber by at least 10 percent;
forming a polymeric nose component comprising the steps of forming a polymeric nose coupling end opposite a bullet aperture, wherein the polymeric nose component is formed from a second polymer composition;
adhering the polymeric nose coupling end to the polymeric coupling end;
inserting a primer into the primer recess;
at least partially filling the propellant chamber with a propellant; and
frictionally fitting a projectile in the bullet aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,190,856

COMPOSITE PROJECTILE AND CARTRIDGE WITH COMPOSITE PROJECTILE

EINSTEIN NOODLES, LLC, C...

11. A projectile comprising:a toughened polymer resin; and
a particulate filler distributed through the toughened polymer resin, the particulate filler having a density greater than a density of the toughened polymer resin;
wherein the particulate filler is 70 to 80 percent by weight of the total projectile composition.

US Pat. No. 10,190,855

BULLET COLLECTING BOX CAPABLE OF STACKING AND INSTALLING, AND BULLET COLLECTING SYSTEM FOR PREVENTING OCCURRENCE OF LEAD FUME IN INDOOR SHOOTING RANGE USING THE BULLET COLLECTING BOX

1. A bullet collecting system comprising:a gun firing position which fires bullets from a gun using a bullet in an indoor shooting range;
a target which is spaced apart by a first distance from the gun firing position;
a bullet collecting unit which is located in a rear side of the target and which collects bullets that are fired by the gun and flying, an internal space of which is filled with rubber powder filling materials having a particle size of 0.1-3 mm;
air suction ducts which are installed in at least two places on a bottom surface of the indoor shooting range between the gun firing position and the bullet collecting unit and which suck gunpowder smokes and dusts including lead fume generated when firing bullets from the gun; and
an induction blower which is connected with the air suction ducts, and which can discharge gunpowder smokes and dusts, including the lead fume, outside the indoor shooting range by moving air within the air suction ducts,
wherein the bullet collecting unit includes:
a beaten zone structure frame which is fabricated so as to occupy a three dimensional space by combining metal material-made square pipes in a lattice shape, in which a first inclined installation pipes located on the front is installed to be inclined at an angle of 45-90° with respect to the bottom surface of the indoor shooting range;
a pipe protective pad for protecting square pipes without damage when the bullets collide with the square pipes, by wrapping the square pipes forming the beaten zone structure frame;
a second inclined installation pipe which is installed in a lower side of the first inclined installation pipes so as to be inclined at an angle of 20-80° with respect to the bottom surface of the indoor shooting range;
a fire protection plate which is installed to be inclined with respect to the bottom surface by mounting to the second inclined installation pipe;
a front rubber plate which covers the front portion of the beaten zone structure frame and which is supported by the first inclined installation pipes;
a bullet collecting space which is formed by a space between the front rubber plate and the fire protection plate; and
a rubber powder filling material filled in the bullet collecting space,
whereby the bullet collecting system prevents occurrence of lead fume in the indoor shooting range.

US Pat. No. 10,190,854

SHOOTING TARGET SYSTEM

Smart Target Systems LLC,...

1. A shooting target system comprising:a target plate having a front face adapted to be struck by aimed projectiles without said aimed projectiles penetrating said front face;
an opposed rear face;
an orthogonal array of spatially equidistantly placed sensors applied to cover the major central portion of said opposed rear face of the plate where each sensor center is the same distance from each adjacent sensor center in both the X and Y directions;
each said sensor having an output connection and being responsive to projectile impact force and/or vibration on the target plate in response to a projectile strike to generate a strike signal on the output connection;
a processor connected to each of the sensors;
said processor operable, in response to the projectile strike, to determine which of said sensors is/are first activated by the projectile strike, the sequence of activation, and the time of activation during a limited time interval after the projectile strike, where said processor is operable to calculate a projectile strike location based on the location, sequence and timing of the activated sensors during said limited time interval;
said sensor activation determined upon a selected or preselected upper and lower threshold and the creation of a voltage above said lower threshold and below said upper threshold;
a timer;
said timer activated through processor interruption, via front face contact with said projectile, which in turn prompts said timer to activate and produce a picture of each said activated, and inactivated, sensor based on location, sequence and timing, assign each sensor a binomial number within said picture based on received impact and to calculate and produce an average of sensor signals' binomial number to determine a precise impact location; and
a real-time visual display capable of both informing the shooter of accuracy and allowing the shooter to adjust and correct his or her aim.

US Pat. No. 10,190,853

TEXTILE MADE FROM CHAINS AND PROCESS FOR ITS MANUFACTURE

1. A method for making a textile from a first and second pre-existing chain segments, said chain segments comprised of at least one chain link, said method comprising the steps of:placing the first and second chain segments of on a substrate, said substrate being substantially planar;
stitching the first and second chain segments together on the substrate using at least one thread where the at least one thread passes through the substrate and through a first link in the first of the chain segment and through a second link in the second chain segment;
and removing the substrate from the stitched chain segments without disturbing the threads.

US Pat. No. 10,190,851

WINDAGE MECHANISM

1. A sight comprising:a frame having an opening formed therein;
a boss, wherein a portion of the boss is positioned within the opening and selectively held by the frame;
a knob rotatably attached to a first end of the boss;
a sight pin mount having a stem, the stem located within a bore formed in the boss;
a sight pin attached to the sight pin mount and engaged with the boss and the knob; and
wherein movement of the boss within the frame moves the sight pin laterally; and
wherein the knob is in threaded engagement with the stem such that when the knob is rotated in a first direction the sight pin moves in first lateral direction; and when the knob is rotated in a second direction the sight pin moves in second lateral direction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,850

SNIPER DASHBOARD

1. A sniper dashboard comprising:a support arm including a clamping member configured to be removably mounted to a rail interface system of a firearm, the support arm comprising a raised mounting surface having two v-shaped grooves formed thereon, the two v-shaped grooves being disposed orthogonally, and a threaded bore defined at an intersection of the two v-shaped grooves;
a mounting block comprising a v-shaped protrusion shaped to selectively fit within either of the two v-shaped grooves and an unthreaded bore defined by the mounting block such that the unthreaded bore aligns with the threaded bore of the support arm when the v-shaped protrusion fits within either of the two v-shaped grooves;
a mounting screw configured to threadedly engage the threaded bore;
a compression spring disposed about a shaft of the mounting screw and between a head of the mounting screw and the mounting block;
a display panel rotatably mounted to the support arm; and
an attachment mechanism for removably attaching a ballistics data card or calculator to the display panel,
wherein the compression spring maintains engagement of the v-shaped protrusion with one of the two v-shaped grooves and upon a rotating force being applied to the mounting block, the compression spring yields to allow rotation of the v-shaped protrusion between the other of the two v-shaped grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,190,849

FINGER-ADJUSTABLE SCOPE ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM

Tangent Theta Inc., Hali...

1. An adjustment mechanism for an optical scope, comprising:a first component comprising a first threaded surface configured to engage a second threaded surface of a second component, the first component configured to rotate and translate relative to the second component;
a detent assembly of the first component, the detent assembly configured to engage with a detent surface of the second component, the detent assembly comprising:
a detent element disposed in a radial channel defined by the first component; and
a flat spring disposed within a pocket defined by the first component, the pocket shaped to secure the flat spring within the pocket, the flat spring engaged with the detent element at an end of the radial channel, and the flat spring configured to bias the detent element radially outward through the radial channel and toward the detent surface of the second component; and
a plurality of evenly spaced detent structures configured as part of the detent surface to engage with the detent element as the first component is rotated relative to the second component.

US Pat. No. 10,190,847

RECOIL SPRING GUIDE MOUNTED TARGET MARKER

Crosman Corporation, Blo...

1. An electronic device for use with a firearm, comprising:a circuit board having a first end and a second end;
a laser module having an outer surface;
a lead joined between the first end of the circuit board and the laser module to position the outer surface of the laser module in a longitudinal relation to the second end; and,
a first portion of a firearm component having an exterior surface and an interior with a first opening shaped to receive the laser module outer surface and a second opening longitudinally separated from the first opening;
wherein the first opening and the interior of the first portion of the firearm component are configured to allow the second end of the circuit board to be inserted through the first opening into the interior with the interior being shaped to interact with the outer surface of the laser module to position the second end at a predetermined longitudinal relation with respect to the second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,190,846

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A WEAPON DETECTOR

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC., S...

1. A method performed by a detector for detecting at least one of removal and insertion of a firearm into and from a holster, the method comprising:responsive to detecting a first activation of a control, entering a test mode;
responsive to detecting a third activation of the control, entering a reset mode;
while in the test mode:
detecting a first characteristic of a signal provided by a sensor that indicates insertion of the firearm in the holster;
detecting a second characteristic of the signal provided by the sensor that indicates removal of the firearm from the holster; and
responsive to detecting a second activation of the control, entering a field mode;
while in the field mode:
responsive to detecting the second characteristic of the signal provided by the sensor, transmitting a message; and
while in the reset mode:
resetting an operation of the detector; and
entering the test mode.

US Pat. No. 10,190,845

PIN PUSHER FOR FIREARMS

1. A pin pusher for firearms, comprising:a finger ring having a resilient generally annular body adapted to encompass and resiliently compress about a periphery of at least one human phalange;
a pin punch affixed on a first end with, supported by, and protruding from said finger ring, said pin punch adapted to contact and transfer force to a removable firearm pin and thereby move said removable firearm pin relative to a firearm; and
a mirror adjacent to a junction between said finger ring and said pin punch.

US Pat. No. 10,190,844

SIGHT ADJUSTMENT DEVICE IN SIMULATION GUN

TOKYO MARUI CO., LTD., T...

1. A sight adjustment device, which adjusts a shooting course of a bullet loaded in a cartridge portion of each of a plurality of barrels of a simulation gun, and the sight adjustment device comprising:an operation unit,
a link member and
a plurality of pressurization members;wherein the operation unit is provided on a main body of the gun and the operation unit adjusts a backspin amount for the bullet,wherein one end portion of the link member is disposed on the operation unit, the other end portion of the link member is disposed on at least one of the plurality of pressurization members, and the link member transmits the backspin amount to the plurality of pressurization members, andwherein each of the plurality of pressurization members is provided in each of cartridge portions of the plurality of barrels and adds pressure corresponding to the backspin amount to the bullet in each of cartridge portions of the plurality of barrels, thereby applying a rotational motion to the bullet at the time of shooting.

US Pat. No. 10,190,843

PROJECTILE MAGAZINE AND SIMULATED WEAPON HAVING SAME

1. A magazine for projectiles in a simulated weapon, the magazine comprising:a housing defining an internal chamber, the housing further including a gas inlet situated at an inlet portion of the internal chamber and an outlet situated at an outlet portion of the internal chamber, the internal chamber of the housing shaped to accommodate a series of projectiles; and
a restraining element positioned at the outlet portion of the internal chamber, the restraining element configured to restrain a leading projectile of the series of projectiles against pressure from pressurized gas applied to the gas inlet, the restraining element configured to release the leading projectile as pressure across the leading projectile rises;
a bypass passage for gas to flow past the leading projectile when the leading projectile is restrained by the restraining element.

US Pat. No. 10,190,841

FIXED AXLE COMPOUND CROSSBOW

AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGIES CO...

1. A crossbow, comprising:a stock assembly defining an arrow track configured to be in contact with an arrow prior to release, the stock assembly having a front end and a back end, the stock assembly being characterized by a length L between the front end and back end;
left and right flexible limbs extending laterally from the stock assembly respectively to a left limb tip and a right limb tip;
a left cam assembly and a mirror-image right cam assembly, each cam assembly being rotatably mounted on a respective end of a rigid cam support structure; each one of the left and right cam assemblies further including a respective bowstring cam, a synchronizing wheel, and a power cable cam;
the rigid cam support structure disposed adjacent and perpendicular to the front end of the stock assembly and fixed rigidly thereto, the cam support structure being disposed in a plane defined by the stock assembly and the first and second limbs or in a plane parallel thereto and extending left and right from the centerline of the stock;
a left bearing and a right bearing disposed in the cam support structure, configured to rotatably support the left and right cam assemblies on respective fixed axes of rotation;
a left limb cable and a right limb cable attached, respectively to the left limb tip and the right limb tip without any intervening wheel or cam;
wherein the left limb cable is attached to the left limb-cable cam, and the right limb cable is attached to the right limb-cable cam;
a synchronizing cable disposed between the left synchronizing wheel and the right synchronizing wheel, and configured to cross itself in a central medial portion; and
a bowstring extending between the left bowstring cam or wheel and the right bowstring cam or wheel, and being anchored to both;
wherein the bowstring, limb cables, and synchronizing cable are arranged so as to exert force only on an outer circumferential portion of any cam or wheel;
wherein the synchronizing cable extends freely in space between the left and right cam/wheel units; and
wherein force is exerted between any cable or string and any other cable or string only by way of axial torque exerted by the cam/wheel units.

US Pat. No. 10,190,840

FIREARM SUPPORT

1. A support for attachment to a firearm having a lower rail, the support comprising:a body member having a top surface, a bottom surface, a front, a rear, a first side, and a second side;
a pair of parallel rails extending across the top surface from the rear to the front to form a channel configured to receive and hold the lower rail;
a pair of first extensions extending from the front and terminating in a pair of forward-facing surfaces, wherein the pair of first extensions are symmetrical about a plane defined by a set of points equidistant from the first outer wall and the second outer wall;
a two-pronged claw extending from the bottom surface proximate the front, each prong of the claw terminating in a bottom edge, wherein the bottom edges and the forward-facing surfaces form a plane;
a second extension extending from the bottom surface proximate the rear and terminating in a rounded lip;
wherein the pair of first extensions and the two-pronged claw form a substantially concave surface configured to receive curved surfaces, and
wherein the two-pronged claw and second extension form a substantially concave surface configured to receive curved surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,190,839

FIREARM BARREL ALIGNMENT GUIDE

6. A firearm barrel alignment guide assembly, comprising:a firearm adapter configured to temporarily attach to a firearm;
a barrel alignment guide attached to the firearm adapter, the barrel alignment guide having:
a proximal end, a distal end, and a body extending therebetween;
a projectile aperture aligned with a longitudinal axis of the body;
the body including a funnel, the funnel having a proximal end with a lateral extent greater than an outer diameter of a muzzle end of a firearm barrel and an inner surface that is tapered in a distal direction, such that the funnel directs the firearm barrel into axial alignment with the projectile aperture when a force brings the funnel and the firearm barrel into contact with each other;
a distal end of the funnel having an inner diameter less than the outer diameter of the muzzle end of the firearm barrel and the distal end of the funnel terminating proximate the projectile aperture;
whereby the inner surface of the funnel is in direct contact with the muzzle end of the firearm barrel and the muzzle end of the firearm barrel extends distally beyond the proximal end of the funnel when the firearm adapter is attached to the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,838

GUN SAFETY DEVICE

1. A device for controlling access to a firearm having a barrel with one or more features located proximal to a muzzle of the firearm, the device comprising:a lock housing with a base component coupled to a receptacle component, wherein the receptacle component includes a cavity configured for insertion therein of at least a portion of the barrel;
a key structure coupled to the base component of the lock housing, wherein the key structure is arranged to receive a key;
a lock mechanism coupled to the key structure and arranged for actuation by the key;
a lock mechanism shaft coupled to the lock mechanism and configured for rotational movement upon actuation of the lock mechanism;
a cam having a distal end and a proximal end, wherein the distal end of the cam is in contact with the lock mechanism shaft such that rotational movement of the lock mechanism shaft causes axial movement of the cam;
a bidirectional rotatable shaft coupled to the proximal end of the cam and arranged for insertion into the barrel;
a plurality of extended arms coupled to a perimeter of the cam and arranged for pivotal and radial movement to secure at least a portion of the barrel in the cavity of the lock housing; and
a plurality of tabs arranged on the plurality of extended arms for engagement with an exterior surface of the barrel to retain the muzzle within the lock housing,
wherein the plurality of tabs includes one or more top tabs arranged to secure any blade-like front sight, front sight base, foundation or bead of the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,837

ADJUSTABLE GUN LOCK

1. An adjustable gun lock for a gun with a trigger, wherein the trigger comprises a first side and a second side, comprising:a mounting device, comprising;
a rail adaptor,
a first side and a second side,
a first trigger guard, engaged with the first side of the rail adaptor, comprised of an extendable fan linkage, wherein the extendable fan linkage is comprised of a plurality of interconnected links that block the first side of the trigger in a fan-like manner when extended,
a second trigger guard, engaged with the second side of the rail adaptor, comprised of an extendable fan linkage, wherein the extendable fan linkage is comprised of a plurality of interconnected links that block the second side of the trigger in a fan-like manner when extended,
a first locking mechanism, further comprising;
at least one locking pin, wherein the locking pin, when in a locked position, engages the fan linkage of the first trigger guard and prevents the extendable fan linkage of the first trigger guard from extending,
an actuator, wherein the actuator moves the at least one locking pin into an unlocked position,
a second locking mechanism, further comprising;
at least one locking pin, wherein the locking pin, when in a locked position, engages the fan linkage of the second trigger guard and prevents the extendable fan linkage of the second trigger guard from extending,
an actuator, wherein the actuator moves the at least one locking pin into an unlocked position,
at least one locking electronic device, wherein the locking electronic device is engaged with the actuator of the first locking mechanism and the actuator of the second locking mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,190,836

LOADER

Ulbrich Schroeder Design ...

1. A firearm system comprising:a rifle having a butt, a muzzle, a receiver disposed between the butt and the muzzle, a magazine fixed to the rifle between the butt and the muzzle, wherein the magazine is in communication with the receiver, an ejection port in communication with the receiver; and
a loading device comprising a housing having a channel, a plunger slideably disposed within the channel, and a spout extending away from the housing, wherein the plunger includes an articulating arm extending away from one end of the plunger, wherein the arm has a first and a second opposing end, and wherein the arm includes a first plug disposed about the first end of the arm and a second plug disposed about the second end of the arm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,835

AMMUNITION MAGAZINE BASEPAD EXTENSION

ZEV Technologies, Inc., ...

1. An improved ammunition magazine extension for attachment to an open bottom of a magazine tube having a pair of sidewalls, a pair of end walls, and a flange on at least each of the sidewalls at the bottom, the extension comprising:an extension body having open first and second ends and forward and rear walls, the first open end of the extension body slidably attachable to the sidewall flanges at the open bottom end of the ammunition magazine tube;
a bottom closure member removably slidably attached to the open second end of the body and movable between open and closed positions; and
a latch member slidably attached to a wall of the extension body to move toward and away from the magazine tube and first and second ends of the extension body, the latch member releasably securing the extension body to the magazine tube when moved toward the magazine tube and the first open end of the extension body.

US Pat. No. 10,190,834

CHARGING HANDLE

Vista Outdoor Operations ...

1. A charging handle for use with a gas operated rifle, the rifle comprising an upper receiver and a bolt slidingly disposed therein, the upper receiver defining an inner channel and a latch member catch portion, the charging handle comprising a body, a grip portion, and a latch member, the body having a handle portion, a bolt engaging portion, and a shaft portion, the shaft portion extending in a forward direction from the handle portion to the bolt engaging portion and in a rearward direction from the bolt engaging portion to the handle portion, the shaft portion being configured and dimensioned to extend into the channel defined by the inner surfaces of the upper receiver, the bolt engaging portion comprising a projection configured and dimensioned to engage the bolt of the rifle for pulling the bolt in the rearward direction, the projection extending in a downward direction beyond a lower surface of the shaft portion;the handle portion having a starboard arm extending away from the shaft portion in a starboard direction and a port arm extending away from the shaft portion in a portward direction, the handle portion defining a first hole and a second hole, the first hole and the second hole both being positioned between the starboard arm and the port arm;
a strut portion extending away from the handle portion in the forward direction, the strut portion defining an aperture, the aperture having a first opening extending through a starboard facing surface of the strut portion and a second opening extending through a port facing surface of the strut portion, the strut portion being offset from the shaft portion by an offset distance so that a slot is defined between the starboard surface of the strut portion and a port facing surface of the shaft portion, the slot having a width corresponding to the offset distance, the slot being dimensioned to receive a portion of the upper receiver wall which extends into the slot when the charging handle is in a fully inserted position, the slot fluidly communicating with the aperture;
the grip member disposed about the handle portion of the body so that the grip member encapsulates the handle portion and the handle portion is disposed inside the grip member, the grip member comprising a first bridging portion extending in the upward and downward directions through the first hole and a second bridging portion extending in the upward direction through the second hole to mechanically interlock the grip member and the handle portion to one another; and
the grip member comprising a plurality of grooves and a plurality of ribs, each groove having a groove base surface extending between a pair of ribs, each rib extending forwardly beyond one or more adjacent groove base surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,190,833

MECHANICALLY CONFORMABLE MICRO-HEAT EXCHANGERS AND METHODS FOR USE IN THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF TARGET COMPONENTS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger, for use in managing temperature of a subject component, comprising:a heat-transfer fluid including nanoparticles, the heat-transfer fluid being surface functionalized to, in operation, cool or heat a subject component in a predetermined manner;
a physically flexible substrate configured to change shape easily by manual manipulation; and
a physically flexible fluid tube being connected to the substrate and also configured to change shape easily by manual manipulation;
wherein:
the nanoparticles of the heat-transfer fluid have more particle dispersion, or are more isolated, than nanoparticles of the heat-transfer fluid if not surface functionalized;
the mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger can be changed manually from an initial shape to a first shape to conform to a first-subject-component shape of the subject component;
the fluid tube comprises a fluid-tube opening and a fluid-tube exit, and a heat-transfer tube section positioned between the fluid-tube opening and the fluid-tube exit;
the fluid tube is configured to receive the heat-transfer fluid via the fluid-tube opening and channel the heat-transfer fluid, from the fluid-tube opening, through the heat-transfer tube section, and to the fluid-tube exit; and
the heat-transfer fluid is configured to cool or heat the subject component when, in operation of the mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger, the heat-transfer fluid is channeled through the heat-transfer tube section.

US Pat. No. 10,190,832

INTEGRATED PRESSURE COMPENSATING HEAT EXCHANGER AND METHOD

Nuovo Pignone Tecnologie ...

1. A method for compensating for pressure and for cooling an external fluid with an integrated pressure compensating heat exchanger, the method comprising:flowing an internal fluid inside of the integrated pressure compensating heat exchanger, the internal fluid flowing sequentially through an inlet, a first conductive bellows, a first U-shaped adaptor, a second conductive bellows, and an outlet, wherein the heat exchanger comprises the first conductive bellows and the second conductive bellows;
flowing the external fluid outside of the integrated pressure compensating heat exchanger;
decreasing a volume of the integrated pressure compensating heat exchanger into a compressed configuration as a volume of the external fluid increases due to a temperature increase in the external fluid;
sliding a second guide along a smooth portion of the outlet as the first conductive bellows and the second conductive bellows compress simultaneously, the second guide mechanically coupling the smooth portion of the outlet to the first conductive bellows and to the second conductive bellows; and
actively controlling a pressure differential between an internal fluid and an external fluid using an active actuator by pushing and pulling the first conductive bellows and the second conductive bellows, wherein the active actuator is mechanically coupled to the first U-shaped adaptor communicatively located between the first conductive bellows and the second conductive bellows.

US Pat. No. 10,190,831

RADIATING FIN WITH BENT RADIATING PORTION AND ELECTROTHERMAL OIL HEATER USING SAME

Ningbo Singfun Electric A...

1. A radiating fin with a bent radiating portion, comprising a heating assembly and a main body with an oil guide groove formed therein, connecting sleeves extending in a horizontal direction being provided at an upper end and a lower end of the main body, characterized in that the bent radiating portion is formed within a region, a certain distance away from the middle, of an edge of at least one end of the main body; an upper end and a lower end of the bent radiating portion are located in different vertical planes, or the upper end and the lower end of the bent radiating portion are located in a same vertical plane, and at least one portion between the upper end and the lower end of the bent radiating portion is bent to form a side-raised structure wherein an included angle between a plane of the upper end and a plane of the lower end is 5° to 85° in the included angle of the plane of the upper end of one of the connecting sleeves and the included angle of the plane of the upper end of another one of the connecting sleeves enabling formation of a chimney radiation channel with a space between two adjacent radiating fins and making the radiating area of the radiating fin increased and the mechanical strength of the radiating fin strengthened and making the heat radiation of a radiator to the surrounding more uniform and the radiating efficiency of the radiator improved, and the area of the bent radiating portion is 10% to 80% of the total area of the main body is characterized in that the upper end having the one of the connecting sleeves and the lower end of the bent radiating portion having the another one of the connecting sleeves are located in a same vertical plane and connected to each other by a plurality of bent portions, the bent portions each comprising two bending portions in a same direction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,830

THERMAL MODULE ASSEMBLING STRUCTURE

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A thermal module assembling structure comprising:a base seat formed with a channel and at least one hole, the channel being recessed and formed on one side of the base seat and having an inner lateral wall dislodged by the at least one hole towards a centerline of the channel, the inner lateral wall ending at the one side in at least one projecting claw section, and the inner lateral wall further having at least one protrusion section between the at least one projecting claw section and the at least one hole in the lateral direction of the channel, the at least one hole being recessed and formed on the one side of the base seat in adjacency to the channel and corresponding to the at least one protrusion section and the at least one projecting claw section formed on the lateral inner wall of the channel; and
a heat pipe, one end of the heat pipe being received in the channel, the heat pipe having at least one insertion recess dislodged by the at least one protrusion section and formed on an outer side of the one end of the heat pipe, the at least one protrusion section being integrally fitted and inserted in the at least one insertion recess such that one side of the one end of the heat pipe is received in and attached to the channel and such that an other side is flush with the one side of the base seat.

US Pat. No. 10,190,829

QUENCH-COOLING SYSTEM

BORSIG GMBH, Berlin (DE)...

1. A quench-cooling system comprising:a primary quench cooler as a double-tube heat exchanger; and
a tube bundle heat exchanger as a secondary quench cooler, the tube bundle heat exchanger comprising:
at least one tube bundle comprising bundle tubes;
a casing enclosing the at least one tube bundle;
a ring flange connected to the casing;
two tube sheets arranged at spaced locations from one another and forming a casing room with the casing, between the two tube sheets, with bundle tubes of the tube bundle being held between said two tube sheets at sides, wherein at least one of the two tube sheets is configured on the side of a bundle tube gas inlet or a bundle tube gas outlet as a membrane sheet or thin tube sheet;
parallel webs arranged on and connected to the membrane sheet or thin tube sheet; and
a covering sheet connected to the webs and provided with bundle tube openings for bundle tubes, wherein parallel cooling channels, in flow connection with one another and through which a cooling medium flows, are configured in a tunnel arrangement on the membrane sheet or thin tube sheet, the parallel cooling channels in the tunnel arrangement having a rectangular tunnel geometry in cross section defined by:
the membrane sheet or thin tube sheet, which separates a gas side from a water/steam side and is connected to the ring flange;
the parallel webs, which separate individual water/steam flows from one another; and
the covering sheet, the covering sheet defining a flow in the tunnel arrangement of the cooling channels and closing off flow into the casing room aside from a predetermined percentage, whereby the cooling channels bring about a directed flow from inlet openings to outlet openings of the cooling channels, wherein at least two cooling channels in the tunnel arrangement have a cross section change based on a continuous reduction of a tunnel height from the inlet opening to the outlet opening based on a predetermined angle between a vertical line of the outlet opening and of the covering sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,190,828

HEAT EXCHANGERS

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A heat exchanger, comprising:a first half defining a first inlet portion and a first outlet portion;
a second half defining a second inlet portion and a second outlet portion, wherein the first half and the second half are configured to mate and form an inlet chamber and an outlet chamber, wherein at least one of the first half or the second half includes one or more inlet transfer holes defined through a thickness of at least one of the first inlet portion and/or the second inlet portion, wherein at least one of the first half or the second half includes one or more outlet transfer holes defined through a thickness of at least one of the first outlet portion or the second outlet portion;
one or more transfer tubes including an inlet end and an outlet end, wherein each transfer tube is connected to the one or more inlet transfer holes at the inlet end thereof, wherein each transfer tube is connected to the one or more outlet transfer holes at the outlet end thereof, wherein the inlet chamber and outlet chamber are fluidly isolated from each other such that fluid cannot pass between first half and second half such that the inlet chamber and outlet chamber are only fluidly connected to each other through the one or more transfer tubes, wherein each half further comprises a plurality of fastener flanges extending therefrom configured to receive a fastener to secure the first half to the second half, wherein the first half and second half include double semicircular halves.

US Pat. No. 10,190,824

TAPHOLE ASSEMBLY, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A TAPHOLE ASSEMBLY, AND METALLURGICAL FURNACE

Outotec (Finland) Oy, Es...

1. A method for manufacturing a taphole assembly for arranging in a taphole assembly opening extending through a shell and a refractory lining of a metallurgical furnace such as of a pyrometallurgical furnace and for leading melt from the inside of the metallurgical furnace to the outside of the metallurgical furnace,wherein the method comprises a first providing step for providing a frame section of metal to be arranged in a taphole assembly opening extending through a shell and a refractory lining of a metallurgical furnace,
providing the frame section of metal with a seat for at least one refractory insert channel element,
a second providing step for providing at least one refractory insert channel element having a channel for melt,
arranging said at least one refractory insert channel element having a channel for melt in the seat of the frame section of metal,
providing in the first providing step a frame section of metal comprising at least two identical frame parts of metal, and
a third providing step for providing a separate face plate of metal,
releasable fastening the separate face plate of metal to said at least two identical frame parts of metal at an end face of the taphole assembly, and
providing the frame section of metal with a seat for at least one refractory insert channel element so that said at least two identical frame parts of metal are connectable such that a connection face between said at least two identical frame parts of metal forms the seat for the refractory insert channel element such that an identical longitudinal open-sided groove forming a part of said seat for at least one refractory insert channel element is formed in each of said at least two identical frame parts of metal wherein the method comprises a fourth providing step for providing a fastener for fastening the taphole assembly to a metallurgical furnace, and releasable fastening the fastener to said at least two identical frame parts of metal so that the fastener at least partly surrounds said at least two identical frame parts of metal.

US Pat. No. 10,190,823

HIGH TEMPERATURE REACTOR REFRACTORY SYSTEMS

ALLIED MINERAL PRODUCTS, ...

1. A fluidized bed system comprising:(a) a containment vessel;
(b) a precast and predried monolithic refractory floor module positioned in said vessel;
(c) a plurality of precast and predried monolithic refractory wall modules stacked within said vessel, wherein said wall modules are ring-shaped and have inner and outer circumferences, and further wherein said plurality of wall modules includes a first wall module in the form of a unitary ring positioned on said floor module;
(d) a plurality of precast and predried monolithic refractory insulating modules stacked within said vessel and positioned about the outer circumference of said wall modules;
(e) a dry vibratable refractory material located between the outer circumference of said wall modules and said insulating modules; and
(f) a dry vibratable refractory material located between the outer circumference of said insulating modules and said containment vessel;wherein the floor module and said first wall module have interlocking surfaces, and wall modules adjacent to one another have interlocking surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,190,822

STAGED REACTION PLENUM PARTITION WALL FOR FURNACE

Blasch Precision Ceramics...

20. A method for controlling distribution of secondary flow in a high temperature reaction furnace, said method comprising the steps of:providing a plenum assembly comprising
a plurality of refractory brick members, each refractory brick member comprising a substantially tubular body having a first end, a second end opposed to said first end along a longitudinal length of said refractory brick member, a central bore extending from said first end to said second end along said longitudinal length thereof and defining an inner surface of said refractory brick member, and an outer surface extending from said first end to said second end along said longitudinal length thereof, wherein said outer surface of each said refractory brick member has a shape that transitions axially between a plurality of hexagonally-shaped portions and a plurality of non-hexagonally-shaped portions along the longitudinal length thereof, and wherein said plurality of refractory brick members are arranged and interlocked with one another in a vertical and horizontal manner via mating members provided on said hexagonally-shaped portions of said outer surfaces thereof, anda continuous plenum space defined by said non-hexagonally-shaped portions of said outer surfaces of said refractory brick members, wherein each said refractory brick member comprises at least one opening provided in a portion of said outer surface of said refractory brick members and in fluid communication with said plenum and at least one of an end face of said refractory brick members and said central bore of said refractory brick members; andinjecting secondary air directly into said plenum space of said plenum assembly via one or more injection ports provided in communication with said plenum space.

US Pat. No. 10,190,821

METHOD FOR DETECTION OF THE LOSS OF AN ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE MEASUREMENT REFERENCE

Showa Denko Carbon GmbH, ...

1. An AC electric arc furnace, comprising:a raw material container;
a set of electrodes configured to be controllably extended toward said raw material container;
a set of electrical potential transformers correspondingly coupled to said set of electrodes; and
a reference signal verification device directly electrically connected to said transformers, said reference signal verification device being configured to read a reference signal value coming from said raw material container, compare said reference signal value to an approximated value, and determine that there is a loss of the reference signal due to damage of the direct electrical connection or disconnection of the direct electrical connection if said reference signal value is not within a predetermined amount of said approximated value.

US Pat. No. 10,190,820

METHOD FOR DRYING WET PARTICULATE MATTER, WHEREIN THE DRIED PARTICULATE MATTER IS A WHITE MINERAL HAVING A BRIGHTNESS RY OF AT LEAST 65% THAT FORMS PARTICULATE MATTER THROUGH DRYING IN DIRECT SUPERHEATED STEAM DRYER

Omya International AG, O...

1. A method for drying wet particulate matter, wherein the dried particulate matter is a white mineral having a brightness Ry of at least 65% measured according to DIN 53163, the method comprising the steps of:a) providing at least one feed stream of wet particulate matter;
b) providing a recirculation circuit comprising at least one drying chamber, at least one circulation fan, and at least one heat exchanger, wherein the at least one drying chamber comprises a mixing system and mixed particulate matter, at least one inlet for the feed stream of wet particulate matter, at least one inlet for superheated steam, and at least one outlet for exhaust steam, wherein the recirculation circuit includes no fines/steam separator between the at least one outlet of the at least one drying chamber for exhaust steam, the at least one inlet of the at least one drying chamber for the feed stream of wet particulate matter, and the at least one inlet of the at least one drying chamber for superheated steam that is configured to separate particulate matter from the exhaust steam traveling along the recirculation circuit;
c) feeding, either continuously or discontinuously, the at least one feed stream of wet particulate matter into the mixed particulate matter in the at least one drying chamber via the at least one inlet for the feed stream;
d) feeding superheated steam into the at least one drying chamber via the at least one inlet for superheated steam;
e) directly contacting the mixed particulate matter with superheated steam within the at least one drying chamber to dry the mixed particulate matter and exhausting said steam via the at least one outlet for exhaust steam without separating from the exhaust steam any carried particulate matter;
f) feeding the exhaust steam carrying particulate matter from the step (e), without separating from the exhaust steam any carried particulate matter, into the at least one heat exchanger, in which the exhaust steam carrying particulate matter is reheated to provide superheated steam, wherein the exhaust steam carrying particulate matter passes the at least one circulation fan before or after the at least one heat exchanger, and feeding said superheated steam back into the at least one drying chamber via the at least one inlet for superheated steam;
g) splitting an excess steam from at least one position within the recirculation circuit;
h) feeding the excess steam into at least one mechanical compressor, wherein the excess steam is compressed to raise its saturated temperature, using said compressed excess steam as a source of heat in the at least one heat exchanger, and discharging the excess steam as a liquid condensate; and
i) discharging, either continuously or discontinuously, the dried particulate matter as at least one product stream via at least one outlet to obtain the dried particulate matter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,819

ARGON CONDENSATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. A method of condensing argon reflux within an air separation unit having an argon column, a lower pressure column and a higher pressure column, said method comprising the steps of:extracting a crude argon feed stream from the lower pressure column;
distilling the crude argon feed stream in the argon column to produce an argon-rich vapor column overhead;
directing at least a portion of the argon-rich vapor column overhead to a plurality of once-through heat exchangers;
condensing the argon-rich vapor streams within condensation passages of the plurality of once-through heat exchangers such that argon-rich vapor streams composed of argon-rich vapor column overhead are condensed within condensation passages of the once-through heat exchangers to produce an argon-rich liquid product stream and argon-rich liquid reflux stream
returning the argon-rich liquid reflux stream to the argon column as reflux;
introducing one or more streams of crude liquid oxygen column bottoms from the higher pressure column into vaporization passages of the plurality of once-through heat exchangers to partially vaporize the crude liquid oxygen streams through indirect heat exchange with the argon-rich vapor streams to produce partially vaporized crude liquid oxygen streams
introducing the partially vaporized crude liquid oxygen streams into the lower pressure column;
sensing liquid flow rates of the crude liquid oxygen streams directed from the bottom of the higher pressure column to the vaporization passages of the plurality of once-through heat exchangers;
controlling the flow rates of the crude liquid oxygen streams to the plurality of once-through heat exchangers in response to the sensed liquid flow rates and the level of the crude liquid oxygen bottoms in the higher pressure column; and
controlling a feed stream flow rate of the crude argon feed stream in response to an air flow rate into the air separation unit and by controlling the reflux flow rate of the argon-rich liquid reflux by:
(i) decreasing the reflux flow rate of the argon-rich liquid reflux stream when the feed stream flow rate is above a feed stream set point to thereby cause the argon-rich liquid reflux to back up into the condensation passages of the once-through heat exchanger causing an increase in pressure of the argon-rich vapor stream and within the argon column; and
(ii) increasing the reflux flow rate of the argon-rich liquid reflux stream when the feed stream flow rate is below a feed stream set point to thereby cause a decrease in the pressure of the argon-rich vapor stream and within the argon column.

US Pat. No. 10,190,818

CONTAINER SPINNING DEVICE AND METHOD OF USE THEREOF

Spin Chill Corp., Gaines...

1. An apparatus used for accelerating heat transfer between a container and a surrounding medium accomplished by holding and rotating a container, the apparatus comprising:a first cylindrical sleeve having two ends, a first end being a closed end and a second end being an open end, said open end having an initial diameter less than the diameter of the cylindrical sleeve forming a can clip for engaging one end of the container;
a second cylindrical sleeve extending from said inner surface of said first cylindrical sleeve, said second cylindrical sleeve having an inner diameter less than the diameter of the first cylindrical sleeve, said second cylindrical sleeve having two ends, a first end being a closed end which extends from the inner surface of the closed end of said first cylindrical sleeve and a second open end, said second open end forming a bottle clip for engaging a portion of a neck of a bottle; and
a shaft centrally mounted to said first and second cylindrical sleeves, said shaft having two ends, a first end connected to said first and second cylindrical sleeves and a second end adapted to be connected to a rotating device.

US Pat. No. 10,190,817

REFRIGERATOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a refrigerator main body including a cooling space; and
a carbonated water production assembly provided in the refrigerator main body,
wherein
the carbonated water production assembly includes:
a production module, and
a carbon dioxide supply module connected to the production module to supply carbon dioxide, and
the production module includes:
an installation body to which a carbonated water container is attachable to and detachable from, and
an installation sensor which senses when the carbonated water container is attached to the installation body such that a carbonated water production capable state is established in which carbonated water is produceable in the carbonated water container.

US Pat. No. 10,190,816

DOOR FOR REFRIGERATOR AND REFRIGERATOR

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A door for a refrigerator, the door comprising:a door housing defining a front surface of the door;
a thermal insulation material disposed in said door housing, wherein said thermal insulation material is combined with said door housing;
a concave portion recessed backwards from said front surface of the door, wherein one end of said concave portion has a ramp extending forwards; and
a detachable member isolated from said thermal insulation material and connected to said door housing, at least one part of said ramp is formed by said detachable member, said at least one part of said ramp being inclined relative to said front surface of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,190,815

DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION APPLIANCE

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A domestic refrigeration appliance, comprising:a heat-insulated inner container delimiting a coolable interior for storing foodstuffs;
a refrigeration device for cooling said coolable interior;
a door leaf for opening and closing said coolable interior;
hinges mounting said door leaf along an axis in an articulated manner relative to said inner container, at least one of said hinges being a self-closing hinge acting on said door leaf up to a first opening angle of said door leaf for automatically closing said door leaf; and
an opening aid device including an actuator, a tappet being movable at least indirectly back and forth by said actuator between a first position and a second position, a sensor for identifying pushing on and pulling on said door leaf, and an electronic control device being activated by said sensor and being configured to operate said actuator:
to enable said door leaf to be closed if said tappet is in said first position,
to move said tappet from said first position to said second position to push open said closed door leaf through a second opening angle being smaller than said first opening angle by using said tappet,
to move said tappet automatically into said first position immediately or with a time delay after reaching said second position,
to automatically move said tappet immediately from said first position into said second position upon pulling on said closed door leaf, and
to automatically move said tappet from said first position into said second position with a time delay after said sensor identifies a pushing on said closed door leaf, in order to prevent said opening aid device from pushing said door leaf open during said pushing on said closed door leaf.

US Pat. No. 10,190,814

CONDENSATE EVAPORATOR FOR REFRIGERATION APPARATUS

Component Hardware Group,...

1. A condensate evaporator for refrigeration apparatus comprising:a pan having a floor, upstanding walls extending from said floor to define a cavity for receiving condensate therein and a first pair of posts on an underside of said floor for pivoting of said pan on a surface about a horizontal axis passing through said posts towards one end of said pan under the weight of condensate in said cavity;
a heating element integral with said floor for heating condensate in said cavity to a point of evaporation;
a plunger type push button switch mounted at said one end of said pan, said switch having a movably mounted plunger for movement between an extended position corresponding to a raised position of said end of said pan relative to said surface and a retracted position corresponding to a lowered position of said end of said pan relative to said surface; and
an electrical circuit electrically connecting said heating element and said switch to an electrical supply whereby electrical power is supplied to said heating element with said plunger in said retracted position thereof and electrical supply is interrupted to said heating element with said plunger in said extended position thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,190,813

REFRIGERATOR AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet including a refrigerating compartment and a freezing compartment provided at a lower section of the refrigerating compartment;
a refrigerating compartment door configured to selectively open or close the refrigerating compartment;
a freezing compartment door configured to selectively open or close the freezing compartment;
a partition wall provided between the refrigerating compartment and the freezing compartment;
an insulation material provided within the partition wall;
a compartment recessed from a top surface of the partition wall, wherein the compartment extends a predetermined length in a first direction, the first direction extending from a front of the refrigerator toward a rear of the refrigerator;
a compartment lid provided above the compartment and configured to selectively open or close the compartment;
a receiving portion formed in the insulation material;
a heater mounted on the receiving portion, wherein the heater extends a predetermined length in the first direction such that the heater is provided underneath a majority of the compartment;
a refrigerator temperature sensor detecting a temperature of the refrigerating compartment or the freezing compartment of the refrigerator; and
a control unit adjusting an operation factor or output of the heater on the basis of a temperature value detected by the refrigerator temperature sensor, wherein the insulation material includes:
a first insulation part provided between an upper portion of the heater and a bottom of the compartment; and
a second insulation part provided between a lower portion of the heater and a bottom of the partition wall.

US Pat. No. 10,190,812

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REDUCING THE POSSIBILITY OF VEHICLE HEAT EXCHANGER FREEZING

Ford Global Technologies,...

14. A vehicle system, comprising:an evaporator including evaporator fins;
a compressor in fluidic communication with the evaporator;
a condenser in fluidic communication with the evaporator and the compressor;
grille shutters; and
a controller including executable instructions stored in non-transitory memory for:
adjusting a temperature threshold in response to a grille shutter position of the grille shutters,
in response to a temperature of the evaporator fins being within a predetermined temperature of the temperature threshold and a rate of change of the temperature of the evaporator fins exceeding a threshold rate of change, performing an action to reduce a possibility of evaporator fin freezing; and
adjusting the temperature threshold in response to ambient temperature, where the adjustment based on the grille shutter position is a larger adjustment than the adjustment in response to the ambient temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,190,811

POSITIVE AIR PRESSURE ICE MAKING AND DISPENSING SYSTEM

1. A method for making ice in an ice maker having an ice producing subsystem and an ice storage device including a door, comprising:(a) receiving water from a water supply;
(b) creating ice, in the ice producing subsystem, using the received water;
(c) creating and maintaining, using a fan, a positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine, the positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine being an environment having an air pressure greater than an air pressure of ambient air outside the ice making machine;
(d) activating the fan, when a measured air pressure within the ice producing subsystem is below a predetermined air pressure, to maintain the positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine;
(e) providing an air shield between the ice producing subsystem and the ice storage device, the air shield having an open position and a closed position, the air shield being biased to the closed position, the air shield being in the closed position when the air pressure in the ice producing subsystem is equal to the air pressure in the ice storage device;
(f) maintaining, when the air shield is in the closed position, a positive air pressure environment within the ice producing subsystem, the positive air pressure environment within the ice producing subsystem being an environment having an air pressure greater than the air pressure of the ambient air outside the ice making machine;
(g) transferring the created ice from the ice producing subsystem to the ice storage device when the air shield is in the open position; and
(h) transitioning, when an air pressure in the ice producing subsystem is greater than an air pressure in the ice storage device is caused by the door of the ice storage device transitioning to an opened position, the air shield from the closed position to the open position to enable air flow from the ice producing subsystem to the ice storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,190,810

MINIATURIZED MOTOR ASSEMBLY

20. A motor assembly comprising:a motor comprising a rotatable shaft;
a gear train assembly coupled to the rotatable shaft of the motor and comprising an output shaft, the gear train assembly comprising:
a plurality of gears that are rotatably connected to each other and each gear is arranged at an angle relative to each other so that, at a view looking towards the plurality of gears in an axial direction of gear rotation, a line connecting a center of each gear is curved, thereby reducing a width of the motor assembly as opposed to the plurality of gears all being aligned in a straight line, wherein an output stage gear that includes the output shaft is positioned in front of the motor in the axial direction of rotation, thereby reducing a height of the motor assembly as opposed to the output stage gear not being positioned in front of the motor; and
a control board connected to the motor to control the motor to power the gear train assembly, thereby rotating the output shaft into a plurality of positions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,809

ACCUMULATOR

FUJIKOKI CORPORATION, To...

1. An accumulator comprising:a tank having an inflow port and an outflow port therein, the tank having a depth in an axial direction and being configured to store a liquid inside including liquid phase refrigerant and oil accumulated in the tank;
an outflow pipe arranged in the tank in alignment with the outflow port; and
lines of first protrusions formed to run spirally or straight in the axial direction around an outer peripheral surface of the outflow pipe within an axial range extensive along the outflow pipe within which a phase surface separating the liquid-phase refrigerant and the oil accumulated in the tank of the accumulator is located.

US Pat. No. 10,190,808

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM WITH PURGE AND ACID FILTER

TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

1. A centrifugal chiller system, comprising:a compressor;
a condenser;
an expansion device;
an evaporator;
the compressor, the condenser, the expansion device, and the evaporator are fluidly connected to form a refrigeration circuit;
a purge fluidly connected to the condenser to receive a chiller refrigerant flowing through the centrifugal chiller system from the condenser, the purge configured to remove one or more non-condensable gases from the chiller refrigerant, the chiller refrigerant being a low pressure refrigerant that operates at less than atmospheric pressure; and
an acid filter operatively connected to the purge, the acid filter configured to remove one or more acids from the chiller refrigerant,
wherein the acid filter is disposed within the purge, or is located fluidly between the condenser and the purge.

US Pat. No. 10,190,807

EXPANSION VALVE

TGK CO., LTD., Tokyo (JP...

11. An expansion valve for use in a refrigeration cycle, for throttling and expanding a refrigerant flowing from an upstream side and supplying the expanded refrigerant to an evaporator, the expansion valve comprising:a body having an inlet port through which the refrigerant is introduced from the upstream side, an outlet port through which the refrigerant is delivered to a downstream side, a valve hole through which the inlet port and the outlet port communicate with each other, an insertion hole formed coaxially with the valve hole, and a downstream-side passage intersecting at right angle with the valve hole and the insertion hole and through which the valve hole and the outlet port communicate with each other;
a valve element configured to move toward and away from the valve hole to close and open a valve section;
a drive unit provided on the body and configured to generate a drive force for opening or closing the valve section;
a shaft slidably extending through the insertion hole, having a first end connected to the drive unit and a second end connected to the valve element through the downstream-side passage and the valve hole, and being configured to transmit the drive force of the drive unit to the valve element; and
a wall member provided in the downstream-side passage,
wherein the downstream-side passage includes a small-diameter part to which the valve hole and the insertion hole are open, and a large-diameter part to which a pipe leading to the evaporator is connected,
wherein the wall member has a shield part partially covering a downstream end of the small-diameter part, the shield part having a height of 2 mm or larger in a radial direction of the small-diameter part from a projected position of an opening of the insertion hole at the downstream end of the small-diameter part and a width equal to or larger than a radius of the shaft,
wherein the shield part of the wall member does not cover at least a range of projection of an opening of the valve hole at the downstream end of the small-diameter part,
wherein the wall member is a plate member, and
wherein the plate member has an undulating surface over at least a portion of the periphery thereof, the undulating surface having a plurality of crest portions which contact the large-diameter part and a plurality of recessed portions spaced inwardly from the crest portions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,806

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRONIC EXPANSION VALVE IN A REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT

RHEEM MANUFACTURING COMPA...

1. A method of controlling a refrigerant-based air conditioning circuit having a compressor, a condenser coil, an electronic expansion valve and an evaporator coil fluid coupled in series, said method comprising the steps of:providing an expansion valve control;
providing a unit control;
transmitting to said expansion valve control only signal information relating to operation of said compressor and operation of one of said condenser coil and said evaporator coil, wherein said compressor has a plurality of operational stages and wherein said step of transmitting to said expansion valve control is performed by causing said unit control to transmit to said expansion valve control only a first signal indicative of a run state of said compressor and a second signal indicative of an operational stage of the plurality of operational stages of said compressor; and
controlling said electronic expansion valve by transmitting from said expansion valve control to said electronic expansion valve a control signal related in a predetermined manner to said signal information.

US Pat. No. 10,190,805

EASY-OPENING SOLAR COLLECTOR HAVING TEMPERATURE-RESPONSIVE MOUNT FOR POLYMER ABSORBER

UMA Distributors, LLC, A...

1. A solar collector, comprising:a housing having a hollow interior;
said housing including a transparent cover, a frame for holding said transparent cover, and a base;
a polymer absorber disposed within said hollow interior between said transparent cover and said base;
a plurality of latches secured to an exterior of said frame about a perimeter thereof;
each latch of said plurality of latches having an open configuration and a closed configuration, said frame and base being at least partially unconnected to one another when one or more of said plurality of latches are in said open configuration and said frame and base being connected to one another when each of said latches are in said closed configuration;
whereby said housing is opened and closed in the absence of tools;
said frame having sidewalls;
said base having sidewalls;
said frame pivotally secured to the base through a first manifold pipe extending between apertures formed in said sidewalls of said frame and base; and
whereby when said latches are in their respective open configurations, said collector is opened or closed by rotating said frame with respect to said base about said first manifold pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,190,804

SOLAR MODULE POSITIONING SYSTEM

1. A positioning system, comprising:a support subsystem having a first mechanism for controlling rotational adjustments about a first axis and a second mechanism for controlling rotational adjustments about a second axis;
a sensor subsystem comprised of at least three pairs of infrared sensors similarly oriented;
a drive mechanism for driving the first mechanism in first and second directions that are opposite to each other;
wherein the drive mechanism is configured to drive the second mechanism in first and second directions that are opposite to each other;
a comparator coupled to the sensor subsystem and an integrated circuit; and
the integrated circuit coupled to a pulse width modulator to process data received from the sensor subsystem through the comparator and to generate at least one signal that is sent to at least one of the first and second mechanisms.

US Pat. No. 10,190,803

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLEANING SURFACES

Dynamis Solutions, LLC, ...

1. A heliostat comprising:a heliostat mirror surface;
a heliostat cleaning mechanism in cleaning contact with the heliostat mirror surface; and
a heliostat drive system that moves the heliostat mirror surface relative to the cleaning mechanism, removing material from the heliostat mirror surface,
wherein the heliostat cleaning mechanism includes a flexible blade having a longitudinally extending edge in cleaning contact with the mirror surface; and
a blade cleaning device, extending longitudinally in a fixed position along an edge of the heliostat mirror surface, that cleans the heliostat cleaning mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,190,802

SOLAR HEATING APPARATUS

King Saud University, Ri...

1. A solar heating apparatus, comprising:at least one optical element;
a drive assembly configured for selectively moving the at least one optical element along multiple axes of rotation, the drive assembly having an elevation shaft and an azimuth rotation shaft;
a support frame positioned in communicating relation with the drive assembly, the support frame having:
a main shaft having a first extension member, a second extension member, an a pin extending between the first extension member and the second extension member;
a wheel positioned on the pin;
at least one branch holder rotatably attached to the main shaft, the at least one optical element being mounted on the at least one branch holder; and
at least one belt drive configured for rotating the at least one branch holder, the at least one belt drive being rotated by the elevation shaft; and
an azimuth motion circular plate, the main shaft of the support frame being mounted on the azimuth motion circular plate for rotation therewith;
an azimuth tracking motor driving rotation of the azimuth rotation shaft;
a rotation motion gear mounted on the azimuth rotation shaft;
a rotation motion worm gear driven by the rotation motion motor, the worm gear driving the rotation motion gear to rotate the azimuth rotation shaft; and
an attachment member having one end pivotally connected to the elevation shaft and an opposing end pivotally connected to the wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,801

SOLAR HEATING APPARATUS

King Saud University, Ri...

1. A solar heating apparatus, comprising:a pair of longitudinally spaced apart brackets;
a pair of two-axis bearings respectively mounted on the pair of longitudinally spaced apart brackets;
a longitudinally extending shaft secured to, and extending between, the pair of two-axis bearings, the longitudinally extending shaft being selectively rotatable about a longitudinal axis;
a pair of laterally extending shafts respectively secured to the pair of two-axis bearings, each of the laterally extending shafts being selectively rotatable about a lateral axis, wherein each of the laterally extending shafts has first and second portions positioned symmetrically about a corresponding one of the two-axis bearings;
at least one reflector mount secured to each of the laterally extending shafts, wherein each of the at least one reflector mount is selectively rotatable with respect to the corresponding one of the laterally extending shafts;
at least one optical reflector mounted on the at least one reflector mount of each of the laterally extending shafts;
a pair of rotating members respectively secured to the pair of laterally extending shafts;
a plurality of continuous belts; each belt mounted on, and extending between, the pair of rotating members to selective drive simultaneous rotation of the pair of laterally extending shafts about their respective later axes;
each belt driving the successive belt through connection at a respective laterally extending shaft
at least one secondary laterally extending shaft secured to the longitudinally extending shaft, the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft being positioned between the pair of two-axis bearings and selectively rotatable about the lateral axis, wherein the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft has first and second portions positioned symmetrically about the longitudinally extending shaft;
at least one secondary reflector mount secured to the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft, wherein the at least one secondary reflector mount is selectively rotatable with respect to the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft;
at least one secondary optical reflector mounted on the at least one secondary reflector mount; and
at least one secondary rotating member secured to the at least one laterally extending shaft for engagement with the continuous belt.

US Pat. No. 10,190,800

HEATABLE FLUID BAG

1. A heatable fluid bag, comprising a bag body, a liquid inlet and a power access port being formed in the bag body, an extractable liquid inlet plunger being installed in the liquid inlet, and the power access port being electrically connected with an electrical heating component installed in the bag body, wherein the electrical heating component comprises a metal ceramic heating sheet, the metal ceramic heating sheet is encapsulated in a metal protection shell composed of an upper sheet and a lower sheet, a connection base is connected onto the upper sheet, a PVC protection shell is installed in the connection base, the PVC protection shell and the connection base are axially positioned through a threaded sleeve, an upper end of the threaded sleeve is positioned on the PVC protection shell through an annular boss on the PVC protection shell, and a lower end thereof is rotationally installed on a threaded section of the connection base; a power connector installation shell is installed in the PVC protection shell, a temperature control switch is installed in the power connector installation shell, a copper flat-core power input socket is installed in the power connector installation shell, and a rotary upper cover is installed on the power input socket; and a wire of the metal ceramic heating sheet penetrates through the metal protection shell and the connection base thereon, then penetrates through the PVC protection shell to enter the power connector installation shell, then is electrically connected with the temperature control switch and a thermal fuse, and then is electrically connected with the power input socket, and a power plug can be inserted into the power input socket by rotating the rotary upper cover to expose the power input socket.

US Pat. No. 10,190,799

HVAC DAMPER SYSTEM

Honeywell International I...

1. A forced air damper actuator assembly for applying a rotational bias force to a shaft of a damper blade that is disposed within an air duct in order to control a crack pressure of the air duct, the forced air damper actuator assembly comprising:a damper actuator configured to apply a rotational bias force to a shaft of a damper blade;
an actuator housing for housing the damper actuator;
a bias force adjuster positioned at least partially within the actuator housing that is adjustable from outside of the actuator housing, the bias force adjuster usable by a user to manually adjust a bias force setting along a range of bias force settings, the bias force setting sets the rotational bias force that is applied by the damper actuator to the shaft;
a pressure level indicator positioned at least partially within the actuator housing and visible from outside of the actuator housing to provide an indication of the current bias force setting; and
a standoff for spacing the bias force adjuster from the air duct by a distance that facilitates an application of insulation around the air duct while leaving the bias force adjuster exposed and available for manual adjustment by the user.

US Pat. No. 10,190,797

METHOD OF FORMING A REFLECTIVE LAMINATE INSULATING ASSEMBLY

1. A method comprising:(a) moving a plurality of sidewalls of a reflective laminate insulating assembly from a first transport configuration, wherein a majority of a base and a majority of each of the plurality of sidewalls are parallel to an installation configuration, wherein each of the plurality of sidewalls is inclined relative to the base; wherein the reflective laminate insulating assembly includes a base, a first sidewall extending from the base and a second sidewall extending from the base, at least one of the first sidewall and the second sidewall terminating at a free edge and a portion of the first sidewall is affixed to a portion of the second sidewall, independent of the base; and
(b) disposing the reflective laminate insulating assembly in the installation configuration adjacent a portion of an HVAC duct component.

US Pat. No. 10,190,796

SELF-SEALING CIRCULAR CROSS-SECTION SHEET METAL DUCT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A SEALED CIRCULAR CROSS-SECTION DUCT

Ductmate Industries, Inc....

1. A self-sealing circular cross-section sheet metal duct comprising:(a) an unassembled circular sheet metal duct having a self locking longitudinal seam with a sealant that is applied as a liquid positioned within the longitudinal seam while the seam is being formed; the sealant solidifies and the sealant allows the self locking longitudinal seam to be engaged, disengaged and reengaged without the sealant stringing; and
(b) when the longitudinal seam is engaged and thereby simultaneously locking the seam the circular sheet metal duct is formed for installation with a sealed longitudinal seam without an installer applying a sealant.

US Pat. No. 10,190,794

SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR WIRELESS ENVIRONMENTAL ZONE CONTROL

ARZEL ZONING TECHNOLOGY, ...

1. A control system to wirelessly control environmental parameters of a predefined zone in a forced air HVAC system, the control system comprising:a damper associated with the predefined zone, the damper comprising:
a rail for securing the damper on an air duct of the predefined zone,
a blade assembly connected to the rail, the blade assembly having a damper module and a blade coupled to the damper module, wherein the damper module is configured to move the blade between an open and closed state to regulate air flow through the air duct,
a supplemental power source configured to supply power to the damper module, and
a scavenger assembly having an impeller and a scavenger module that stores power generated by rotation of the impeller in the air duct and supplies power to the damper module,
wherein the damper operates in a first mode using power supplied only by the scavenger module when air flow is greater than or equal to a predefined rate, and wherein the damper operates in a second mode using combination of power supplied by both the scavenger module and the supplemental power source when air flow is less than the predefined rate;
a wireless temperature controller associated with the damper, configured to monitor a zone temperature and humidity in the predefined zone, to receive as input data representative of a desired temperature for the predefined zone, and to communicate data representative of the temperature in the predefined zone and the desired temperature and to request service at the predefined zone; and
a control box in wireless communication with the damper and the wireless temperature controller, the control box configured to adjust a position of the blade to regulate the flow of forced air inside the air duct of the predefined zone based on the data representative of the zone temperature and the data representative of the desired temperature received from the temperature controller, wherein the control box is further coupled to the forced air HVAC system and configured to control operation of the forced air HVAC system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,793

BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE OPTIMIZATION BASED ON STATISTICAL ESTIMATES OF IBDR EVENT PROBABILITIES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building management system comprising:building equipment configured to consume electrical energy and generate thermal energy for use in satisfying a thermal energy load of a building;
thermal energy storage configured to store at least a portion of the thermal energy generated by the building equipment and to discharge the stored thermal energy;
electrical energy storage configured to store electrical energy purchased from a utility and to discharge the stored electrical energy; and
a controller configured to determine, for each time step within a time horizon, an optimal amount of electrical energy to allocate to an incentive-based demand response (IBDR) program by optimizing a value function that accounts for revenue predicted to result from participating in the IBDR program based on statistical estimates of IBDR event probabilities;
wherein the controller is configured to estimate the IBDR event probabilities based on a history of past IBDR events, each of the past IBDR events comprising an invitation to participate in the IBDR program in exchange for a monetary incentive.

US Pat. No. 10,190,792

THREE-DIMENSIONAL BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM VISUALIZATION

Crestron Electronics, Inc...

1. A method for rendering a three-dimensional building management system visualization of a building, the method comprising:storing geometry elements and spatial elements, wherein the geometry elements define three-dimensional geometrical representation of a building's structure, wherein the spatial elements define three-dimensional representation of spaces in the building, wherein the geometry elements are mapped to spatial elements, wherein the spatial elements are associated with respective space nodes that identify the spaces located within the building, wherein the space nodes are associated with respective electronic devices installed within the spaces in the building;
receiving a selection of a status-attribute view from a list of status-attribute views, wherein the list of status-attribute views comprises an electronic device on status-attribute view comprising logic including:
a first object property configured for indicating that an electronic device is turned on,
a second object property configured for indicating that an electronic device is off,
a third object property configured for indicating that an electronic device in an occupied space is on, and
a fourth object property configured for indicating that an electronic device in a vacant space is on;
storing logic for each status-attribute view, wherein the logic defines one or more object properties each corresponding to a status level and configured for modifying an appearance of a spatial element;
receiving status information of at least one electronic device;
filtering the received status information to select a subset of status information that corresponds to the selected status-attribute view;
determining status levels of respective space nodes based on the subset of status information;
determining object properties that apply to the determined status levels using the logic;
applying the determined object properties to respective spatial elements associated with the space nodes; and
rendering a three dimensional building visualization of the building for the selected status-attribute view via a user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,190,791

THREE-DIMENSIONAL BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM VISUALIZATION

Crestron Electronics, Inc...

1. A system for on-demand rendering of a three-dimensional building management system visualization of a building comprising:a database configured for storing a geometry data file comprising geometry elements and a separate spatial data file comprising spatial elements, wherein the geometry elements define three-dimensional geometrical representation of a building's structure, wherein the spatial elements define three-dimensional representation of spaces in the building, wherein the geometry elements are mapped to spatial elements, wherein the spatial elements are associated with respective space nodes that identify the spaces located within the building, wherein the space nodes are associated with respective electronic devices installed within the spaces in the building; and
at least one processor in communication with the one or more electronic devices comprising a memory encoding one or more processor-executable instructions, which when executed by the at least one processor, cause acts to be performed comprising:
selectively recalling the geometry data file comprising the geometry elements and the spatial data file comprising the spatial elements from the database; and
rendering a three dimensional building visualization of the building via a user interface, wherein the three-dimensional building visualization comprises a status information visualization of at least one electronic device;wherein the user interface comprises:a structure selection field which upon being selected is configured for recalling the geometry elements from the geometry data file and visibly rendering at least a portion of the geometry elements;
a spaces selection field which upon being selected is configured for recalling the spatial elements from the spatial data file and visibly rendering at least a portion of the spatial elements; and
a structure and spaces selection field which upon being selected is configured for recalling the geometry elements from the geometry data file and the spatial elements from the spatial data file and visibly rendering at least a portion of the geometry elements and at least a portion of the spatial elements.

US Pat. No. 10,190,789

CENTRAL PLANT WITH COORDINATED HVAC EQUIPMENT STAGING ACROSS MULTIPLE SUBPLANTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A controller for a central plant that includes at least a first subplant and a second subplant configured to serve a thermal energy load of a building, the controller comprising:a communications interface configured to communicate with the first subplant and the second subplant; and
a processing circuit communicably coupled to the communications interface and comprising a processor and memory, the memory comprising:
an equipment staging detector configured to detect a staging event for equipment of the second subplant and to determine when the staging event occurs;
a subplant staging evaluator configured to use input from the equipment staging detector to determine whether a predetermined time period has elapsed since the staging event for the equipment of the second subplant has occurred;
a subplant staging preventer configured to prevent the first subplant from staging equipment of the first subplant in response to a determination that the predetermined time period has not elapsed since the staging event for the equipment of the second subplant has occurred;
a central plant optimizer configured to perform an optimization process to determine a desired set of the equipment of the first subplant for use in serving the thermal energy load; and
a desired equipment drop detector configured to determine whether the desired set of the equipment of the first subplant has dropped to zero;
wherein the subplant staging preventer is configured to allow the first subplant to stage the equipment of the first subplant in response to a determination that the desired set of the equipment of the first subplant has dropped to zero.

US Pat. No. 10,190,788

MULTI-MODE AUTO CHANGEOVER SYSTEM

Honeywell International I...

1. A thermostat comprising:a cool mode and heat mode mechanism having a connection for controlling a building heating and cooling system for affecting a temperature of a space;
a temperature setpoint mechanism, having cool and heat setpoints that are adjustable, connected to the cool mode and heat mode mechanism; and
an auto changeover connected to the temperature setpoint mechanism; and
wherein:
the auto changeover is configured to switch the thermostat from one mode to another mode according to the temperature of the space for a set amount of time relative to the cool and heat setpoints and hystereses above and below the cool and heat setpoints, respectively;
the auto changeover is configured to occur at each of the cool setpoint is less than the heat setpoint, the cool and heat setpoints are the same, and the cool setpoint is greater than the heat setpoint.

US Pat. No. 10,190,785

DUST REMOVING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REMOVING DUST

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A dust removing device comprising:a dust position estimator which estimates a position of a dusty area in which dust is present;
an air blow determiner which determines, based on the estimated position of the dusty area, an air blow mode which causes a predetermined airflow in the dusty area;
an air blower which performs an air blowing to cause airflow in the determined air blowing mode; and
an air intake which draws in air from a space in which the air blowing is performed,
wherein the air blowing mode includes a first air blowing mode, in which the air blower causes a first airflow to disperse dust, and a second air blowing mode, in which the air blower causes a second airflow, different from the first airflow, to lead the dispersed dust to the air intake,
in the first air blowing mode, the air blower causes the first airflow and the air intake does not draw in air, and
in the second air blowing mode, which is performed after the first air blowing mode is performed, the air blower causes the second airflow and the air intake draws in air, with the dispersed dust, from the space.

US Pat. No. 10,190,784

FLEXIBLE DUCT SYSTEM

Richard L. Rue, Dallas, ...

1. A flexible duct system for connecting between an air handling unit and one or more building spaces for passing building air between the air handling unit and the one or more building spaces, the flexible duct system comprising:a first fitting connected to the air handling unit, said first fitting having a first fitting longitudinal axis, a first end facing in a first direction and connected to the air handling unit for passing an air flow there-between, and a second end which is distally disposed from the air handling unit, said second end defining a second terminal end and having a second end profile;
a first flexible duct having a first end portion fitting over said second end profile of said first fitting, and said first flexible duct further having a second end portion which is distally disposed from said first end portion;
a first band extending around said first end portion of said first flexible duct and engaging against said second end profile to fixedly secure said first end portion of said first flexible duct to said first fitting;
a second fitting which is spaced apart from said first fitting, said second fitting having a second fitting longitudinal axis and a forward end which defines a third terminal end, said forward end having a third end profile;
said second portion of said first flexible duct section fitting over said third end profile of said second fitting;
a second band extending around said second end portion of said first flexible duct and engaging against said third end profile to fixedly secure said second end portion of said first flexible duct to said forward end of said second fitting; and
wherein said first flexible duct is pulled taut between said first fitting and said second fitting, and held in place by said first and second bands engaging respective ones of said second end profile and said third end profile.

US Pat. No. 10,190,783

CONVECTION COOKING APPLIANCE WITH CIRCULAR AIR FLOW SYSTEM

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A method of recirculating air in an oven cavity of a cooking appliance comprising:drawing a flow of air from adjacent one side wall of the oven cavity into an intake of a convection cover mounted to a rear wall of the oven cavity, wherein the convection cover spans at least a majority of the rear wall of the oven cavity and includes a first end portion that spans at least 75% of the overall height of the oven cavity and a second end portion that narrows relative to the first end portion to span less than 55% of the overall height of the oven cavity;
directing the flow of air through a tapering duct defined between the convection cover and the rear wall to a plurality of exhaust ports provided in the convection cover adjacent an opposing side wall of the oven cavity;
directing the flow of air out of the plurality of exhaust ports and along the opposing side wall toward a door of the oven cavity; and
re-directing the flow of air along the door and the one side wall back to the intake, thereby establishing a single, circular convection airflow pattern through the oven cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,190,781

REMOVABLE OVEN FOR GRILL

1. A removable oven for use on a cooking grill comprising:a cooking chamber formed in a high temperature housing sitting on the cooking grill, said high temperature housing comprising a closed top, an open bottom and at least one side wall;
a chimney positioned over a chimney opening formed in said closed top;
a shutterable perforated diffuser pan positioned on the cooking grill inside said open bottom;
at least one adjustable stand fixed to said shutterable perforated diffuser pan;
a cooking plate supported by said at least one adjustable stand;
a handle fixed to said high temperature housing to swing said high temperature housing up to expose said cooking plate and at least a portion of said shutterable perforated diffuser pan.

US Pat. No. 10,190,780

DOOR FOR A HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE, AND HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE HAVING A DOOR

1. A door for a household appliance, comprising:a plate-type base part,
a handle arranged on the base part and including a movable handle part,
a coupling apparatus connected to the handle part and configured to pivot the handle part relative to the base part as a function of a movement of the door, said coupling apparatus comprising a coupling rod arranged on the handle part, a return spring arranged on the coupling rod, and a single-run cable pull having an end which faces the handle part and is connected to the coupling rod, and
a locking mechanism configured to limit a movement of the coupling rod.

US Pat. No. 10,190,779

GAS BURNER, GAS BURNER ARRANGEMENT AND COOKING ZONE

1. A gas burner configured to be mounted on for a cooktop, comprising:a contact surface configured to come into surface contact with a cooktop plate of the cooktop;
a thermal element having a housing, the housing of the thermal element having a pair of flanges; and
a holding device having a thermal element receiving slot including a laterally facing opening for allowing the thermal element to be pushed into the thermal element receiving slot in a direction laterally parallel to the contact surface,
wherein the holding device of the gas burner includes a side flank on an inner vertical surface of the thermal element receiving slot and extending around the thermal element receiving slot from a first edge of the laterally facing opening to a second edge of the laterally facing opening such that the side flank directly contacts an inner surface of each flange of the pair of flanges.

US Pat. No. 10,190,778

COOKING HOB GAS BURNER

1. An improved gas burner, comprising:an injector holder (2) configured to be fixed to a sheet metal (8) of a cooking hob, the injection holder being provided on its base with an injector (10);
a burner body (14) resting on said injector holder (2), a circumferential passage being defined between said burner body and said injection holder for entry of primary air intended to form a combustion mixture with gas leaving said injector (10); and
a cover (28), formed from a single piece of drawn sheet metal, positioned on said burner body (14),
wherein said cover comprises a first circumferential flange (30) provided with a plurality of elongated apertures (32, 40) of essentially vertical extension, for passage of the combustion mixture which generates a ring of main flames (34),
wherein a radial venturi effect chamber (36) is defined in an interspace between said cover and an upper surface of said burner body, said radial venturi effect chamber having a wider end facing said elongated apertures,
wherein said burner body further comprises an annular band (22) extending upwardly from an outer circumferential edge of said burner body,
wherein a second circumferential flange extends downward from said first circumferential flange toward said burner body, said first circumferential flange extending radially more than said second circumferential flange so that the second circumferential flange is concentric to, and radially interior to, the annular band, and
wherein a plurality of first small apertures (24) are defined in said second circumferential flange for the passage of the combustion mixture to feed an annular stabilization flame (26) for the ring of main flames, said first small apertures being positioned axially below a lower surface of said first circumferential flange,
whereby said annular stabilization flame is formed in an annular space defined by said lower surface of said first circumferential flange, said second circumferential flange, and said annular band, and
whereby said plurality of first small apertures is hidden from view by said annular band.

US Pat. No. 10,190,777

HIGH EFFICIENCY SIDE BURNER AND OUTDOOR COOKER

W.C. BRADLEY CO., Columb...

1. A cooking burner apparatus comprising:a burner pan;
a burner head positioned in the burner pan, the burner head having a plurality of discharge ports which are provided around the burner head;
a guide element which is positioned in the burner head for receiving a combustible gas stream; and
the guide element comprising a solid cylindrical vertical wall having no openings therethrough except for either (a) a single series of guide element openings which extends around the cylindrical vertical wall for discharging the combustible gas stream into the burner head or (b) a lower series and an upper series of guide element openings which extend around the cylindrical vertical wall for discharging the combustible gas stream into the burner head, the upper series of guide element openings being positioned above the lower series of guide element openings,
wherein, when the guide element has the single series of guide element openings, the guide element openings of the single series have center points which are located in a single horizontal plane and
when the guide element has the lower series and the upper series of guide element openings, the guide element openings of the lower series have center points which are located in a lower horizontal plane and the guide element openings of the upper series have center points which are located in an upper horizontal plane.

US Pat. No. 10,190,776

FUEL INJECTOR SYSTEM

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

14. A fuel injector system having:a fuel feed arm which, in use, extends inwardly from an outer casing of combustion equipment of a gas turbine engine to a flame tube of the combustion equipment, the fuel feed arm ending in an injection nozzle which penetrates a head of the flame tube to deliver fuel into the flame tube;
a swirler which, in use, is arranged coaxially with the injection nozzle at the head of the flame tube, the swirler having one or more air swirler circuits which produce respective flows of swirling air around the fuel delivered by the nozzle; and
a seal ring which seals the injection nozzle to the swirler, the injection nozzle being removably inserted into the seal ring for sealing engagement therewith,
wherein the seal ring has a flange portion, and the swirler has a pair of spaced retention grooves at a front face thereof, opposite edges of the flange portion slidingly locating in the grooves such that the flange portion sealingly engages to the front face,
wherein the swirler has a spring mechanism which retains the flange portion in the grooves,
wherein the grooves are formed by respective lipped rails at the front face of the swirler, the lipped rails being attached to the swirler, the grooves defined between the respective lipped rails and the front face of the swirler, and
wherein the lipped rails are substantially parallel to a radial direction of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,190,774

FUEL NOZZLE WITH FLEXIBLE SUPPORT STRUCTURES

General Electric Company,...

1. A fuel nozzle apparatus, comprising:an annular injection ring disposed coaxially along a centerline axis and having a circumferential fuel gallery therein, and including a radial array of fuel orifices communicating with the fuel gallery;
an annular ring support disposed coaxially along the centerline axis and radially inward of the annular injection ring;
and a support arm interconnecting the annular ring support and the annular injection ring,
wherein a forward portion of the support arm joins the annular ring support at a forward junction and an aft portion of the support arm extends axially aft of the forward portion to join the annular injection ring at an aft junction,
wherein the forward portion extends in a radially outward direction and the aft portion extends in a radially inward direction,
wherein the annular injection ring is cantilevered from the annular ring support by way of the support arm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,773

ATTACHMENT STUD ON A COMBUSTOR FLOATWALL PANEL WITH INTERNAL COOLING HOLES

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A combustor floatwall panel comprising:a stack of layers of a sintered material, which form in aggregate:
a panel having a first surface and a second surface parallel to the first surface;
an attachment stud projecting from the second surface; and
a cooling flow passageway that is made up of a series of apertures in adjacent layers, the cooling flow passageway includes:
a feeder hole extending through the attachment stud;
a plurality of effusion cooling holes extending to the first surface and fluidly connected to the feeder hole;
wherein the plurality of effusion cooling holes extend along non-parallel first axes to meet the first surface at a first angle relative to the first surface; the feeder hole extends along a second axis through the attachment stud at a second angle relative to the first surface; and the second angle is greater than the first angle; and
a manifold fluidly connecting the feeder hole to each of the plurality of effusion cooling holes, wherein the manifold has a first cross-sectional area and the feeder hole has a second cross-sectional area, and wherein the first cross-sectional area and the second cross-sectional area are measured normal to the second axis and wherein the first cross-sectional area is greater than the second cross-sectional area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,772

DUAL FUEL IGNITION DEVICE AND WORK METHOD THEREOF AS WELL AS SAFETY TYPE DUAL FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM BASED THEREON AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

ZHEJIANG FUERJ ELECTRIC S...

1. A dual fuel ignition device, comprising:a high-heating value gas igniting end, comprising a first thermocouple having a first cathode and a first anode and an ignition burner adapted to high-heating value gas, wherein the ignition burner is connected with a branch of a gas inducing gas flow;
a low-heating value gas igniting end, comprising a second thermocouple having a second cathode and a second anode and an ignition burner adapted to low-heating value gas, wherein the ignition burner is connected with another branch of the gas inducing gas flow, wherein the first cathode is directly connected to the second cathode or the first anode is directly connected to the second anode to output electric potential according to heating condition of the thermocouples;
fire of the ignition burner heats up the corresponding thermocouple only to generate the electric potential when the igniting end correctly induces the gas due to position configuration of the two thermocouples, and when the igniting end induces the high-heating value gas into the low-heating value igniting end by mistake, the fire heats up the two thermocouples at the same time to offset or reduce the output electric potential.

US Pat. No. 10,190,771

EXHAUST DUCT AND BOILER

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. An exhaust duct comprising:a flue gas passage in which flue gas can flow;
a hopper which is provided in the flue gas passage and can collect solid particles in the flue gas; and
resisting members which can block outflow of the solid particles from the hopper,
wherein the resisting members include a baffle plate which is disposed on an upper portion of the hopper along a horizontal direction intersecting a flow direction of the flue gas,
wherein the baffle plate includes a first baffle plate which is disposed on the upper portion of the hopper and a downstream side end portion in the flow direction of the flue gas, and a second baffle plate which is disposed on the upper portion of the hopper and at an intermediate position in the flow direction of the flue gas, and
wherein the second baffle plate is disposed such that a lower end portion in a vertical direction is inclined toward the downstream side in the flow direction of the flue gas, and the second baffle plate is disposed above a storage portion of the hopper.

US Pat. No. 10,190,768

GASIFICATION MELTING FACILITY

1. A gasification melting facility comprising:a fluidized bed gasification furnace that generates pyrolysis gas by thermally decomposing waste and discharges incombustibles;
a melting furnace into which the pyrolysis gas is fed;
a pyrolysis gas passage that connects the fluidized bed gasification furnace and the melting furnace;
a grinder that grinds the incombustibles discharged from the fluidized bed gasification furnace by passing the incombustibles through a plurality of rods;
a vibratory sifter that screens the incombustibles ground by the grinder;
a fixed amount feeder that feeds at a fixed amount the incombustibles that pass through the vibratory sifter, the fixed amount feeder including a plurality of transfer chambers rotatable between a position to receive the incombustibles from the vibratory sifter and a position to discharge the incombustibles; and
an airflow conveyor that conveys the fixed amount of the incombustibles from the fixed amount feeder together with airflow to the pyrolysis gas passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,767

ELECTRICALLY CONTROLLED COMBUSTION FLUID FLOW

CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORP...

1. A system for electrically controlling combustion fluid flow, comprising:a charge generator configured to apply a charge or voltage to a combustion fluid flow corresponding to a combustion reaction;
a combustion fluid flow barrier defining at least one aperture therethrough;
at least one flow control electrode operatively coupled to the at least one aperture;
a voltage source operatively coupled to the flow control electrode; and
a controller configured to control an application of one or more voltages from the voltage source to the flow control electrode;
wherein the combustion fluid flow barrier comprises a perforated flame holder;
wherein the flow control electrode comprises a plate and a tube in electrical communication with the plate; and
wherein the tube defines the at least one aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,190,766

MODEL-BASED LOAD DEMAND CONTROL

1. A method of controlling a load generated by a power generating system, comprising:receiving, at inputs of a first dynamic matrix controller, a signal indicative of a current value of a first process variable used in a first section of the power generating system and a signal indicative of a target load demand, the first section of the power generating system corresponding to one of a turbine or a boiler;
determining, by the first dynamic matrix controller, a value of a first control signal by inputting a value of the target load demand and the current value of the first process variable into a model stored in a memory of the first dynamic matrix controller, the model being descriptive of a behavior of a process response at various values of load demands;
generating, by the first dynamic matrix controller, the first control signal; and
controlling the load generated by the power generating system based on the first control signal and a second control signal generated by a second dynamic matrix controller based on a current value of a second process variable used in a second section of the power generating system and the target load demand, the second section of the power generating system corresponding to the other one of the turbine or the boiler.

US Pat. No. 10,190,765

HEAT EXCHANGER

ConleyMax Inc., Calgary,...

1. A tank and heat exchanger apparatus, comprising:a tank comprising a through-hole formed in a tank flange attached to an exterior surface of said tank; and
a heat exchanger comprising:
a flange; and
at least one heat transfer tube directly mounted on a first surface of the flange, opposing ends of the at least one heat transfer tube arranged in fluid communication with a corresponding intake port and exit port extending through the flange, wherein
the at least one heat transfer tube is configured to extend into an interior of said tank through the through-hole formed in the tank flange,
the first surface of the flange is mounted against and attached to the tank flange,
the flange comprises a bolt pattern designed to overlap with a bolt pattern formed on the tank flange so that the flange can be attached to the tank flange, and
the at least one heat transfer tube is in direct contact with material stored in the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,190,764

INFRARED HYDROGEN/OXYGEN COMBUSTOR

XIAMEN YUANYIDA TECHNOLOG...

1. An infrared hydrogen/oxygen combustor in the field of combustion heating, comprising:an angle-shaped sinus ring (1) with a surrounding foot for passing water and producing gas; a surrounding foot (12) of the angle-shaped sinus ring (1) wraps a material-containing basin (14); a gas-gathering chamber (17) is formed between an outer wall of the material-containing basin (14) and an inner wall of a lower part of the surrounding foot (12); a primary energy gas inlet (18) is provided on one side of the gas-gathering chamber (17); a first small tube (16) and a second small tube (7) are connected with the material-containing basin (14) and the angle-shaped sinus ring (1) for exchanging water, water vapor and air; water solution (3) is contained in the material-containing basin (14); a first catalytic material barrier (15) is arranged in the water solution (3) at the lower part of the material-containing basin (14); a straight-hole ceramic water-absorbing board (5) is provided on an upper part of the water solution (3) matching with an inner wall of the material-containing basin (14); a middle lower part of the water-absorbing board (5) is soaked in the water solution (3), that is, full range of solution positioning; a spacing ring (6) is provided above the rim of the material-containing basin (14) and inside the upward ring of the angle-shaped sinus ring (1); an infrared radiation board (2) is provided in the inner surface of the spacing ring (6) having a same number of holes and facing the straight-hole ceramic water-absorbing board (5) in the material-containing basin (14); a two-stage material-containing box (9) with a separated brake is provide on one side of the angle-shaped sinus ring (1); a second catalytic material barrier (10) is provided in each of the separated brake of the material-containing box (9); the two-stage material-containing box (9) is communicated with the angle-shaped sinus ring (1) and material-containing basin (14) respectively by a third small tube (8) and a forth small tube (13), so that the original water and the added water be controlled separately; the original water in the material-containing basin (14) can be supplied on demand, and the original water is separated from the added water, the water capacity in the material-containing basin (14) is controlled, and it overcomes the negative effect produced by entering too much or too little water, and the concentration of catalyst in aqueous solution is increased by putting the catalytic material in the material-containing box, decomposition of the reaction is increased.

US Pat. No. 10,190,763

LED PURIFYING AND ENERGY-SAVING LAMP

1. An LED purifying and energy-saving lamp, comprising a lamp body, a heat radiator, a light source assembly and an air purifying device, wherein the lamp body comprises a main body portion, an overflow table and a plurality of connecting blocks; the heat radiator, the light source assembly and the air purifying device are provided in the main body portion; the air purifying device is provided above the heat radiator; the light source assembly is provided inside the heat radiator; the upper part of the main body portion is connected to the bottom edge of the overflow table via the plurality of connecting blocks; the main body portion, the overflow table and the connecting blocks define a plurality of air outlets; a shunting spur is convexly provided at the bottom of the overflow table toward the interior of the main body portion; the shunting spur comprises a shunting surface connected to the bottom of the overflow table and an installing surface connected to a free end of the shunting surface, the shunting surface being arranged obliquely; the shunting convex tip is provided above the air outlets; the heat radiator is configured to diffuse heat generated in a working process of the light source assembly, and meanwhile heat air to form heat convection to make air rise, thereby causing outside air to flow into the main body portion; and the air purifying device is configured to purify air inside the main body portion, and the shunting surface guides the purified air to be exhausted from the air outlets.

US Pat. No. 10,190,762

DEVICES FOR WORKSPACE ILLUMINATION HAVING A PANEL FORMING AN ENCLOSURE AND A PLURALITY OF LIGHT EMITTERS WITH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OPTICS

Quarkstar LLC, Las Vegas...

1. An illumination device comprising:a mount;
a panel comprising a first face and a second opposing face forming an enclosure, the first and second faces extending in a first direction and a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, wherein, when mounted to a floor, the mount supports the panel so that the first direction is a vertical direction and the second direction is a horizontal direction; and
a luminaire module arranged in the enclosure, the luminaire module configured and arranged to output light towards respective target areas proximate to the first and the second face of the panel,
the luminaire module comprising:
a plurality of light-emitting elements (LEEs) distributed along the second direction, the plurality of LEEs being configured to emit light;
one or more primary optics coupled with one or more corresponding LEEs of the plurality of LEEs and configured to redirect light emitted by the one or more corresponding LEEs as redirected light; and
a secondary optic elongated along the second direction and comprising two redirecting surfaces and two output surfaces corresponding to the respective redirecting surfaces, each of the two redirecting surfaces being arranged and configured to reflect the light received from the one or more primary optics as reflected light towards the corresponding output surface, and the corresponding output surface being arranged and configured to refract the reflected light and to output the refracted light towards the respective target area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,761

ADAPTERS FOR EXISTING LIGHT FIXTURES

Cooper Technologies Compa...

1. A retrofitted light fixture, comprising:a coupling feature of a power source that delivers primary power;
at least one light fixture component of an existing light fixture, wherein the at least one light fixture component comprises a power supply, wherein the at least one light fixture component, as part of the existing light fixture, was directly coupled to the power source; and
an adapter coupled to the coupling feature of the power source and the power supply of the at least one light fixture component, wherein the adapter comprises a controller and a communication module, wherein the adapter receives the primary power from the coupling feature of the power source, wherein the controller delivers power to the power supply of the at least one light fixture component based on instructions, wherein the communication module allows the controller to communicate with an external component that is external to the retrofitted light fixture,
wherein the existing light fixture, without the adapter, continues to operate but is unable to communicate with the external component.

US Pat. No. 10,190,760

LED LIGHT FIXTURE FOR USE IN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES

CLEAR-VU LIGHTING LLC, C...

1. An LED fight fixture for use in a public transportation facility having a high voltage power source having a voltage of 450 to 1000 Volts and at least a first standard voltage power source having a voltage of 110 to 277 Volts; the LED light fixture comprising:a plurality of LEDs;
an LED power supply having at least first and second power inputs;
the first power input adapted to be connected to the first standard voltage power source and the second power input adapted to be connected to the high voltage power source; and
a battery backup system connected to one of the plurality of LEDs and the LED power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,190,758

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE, DISPLAY APPARATUS, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SUBSTRATE UNIT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE

Sakai Display Products Co...

7. A light source device comprising:a substrate unit changeable from a first shape in which a length in a predetermined direction is a first length to a second shape in which a length in the predetermined direction is a second length longer than the first length, wherein the substrate unit comprises:
a plurality of light source substrates including a first light source substrate and a second light source substrate which are elongated light source substrates long in the predetermined direction on which light sources are mounted; and
a connection substrate which has a flexibility and connects a first edge part on one end side in the longitudinal direction of the first light source substrate and a fourth edge part along the longitudinal direction of the second light source substrate,
wherein the connection substrate comprises:
a first extension part which is extended to the first edge part along the longitudinal direction of the first light source substrate and to be connected to the first edge part,
a connection part which connects the first extension part and the fourth edge part,
a first bent part at which the first extension part can be bent along a direction orthogonal to a longitudinal direction of the first light source substrate; and
a second bent part at which the connection part can be bent along the longitudinal direction of the first light source substrate,
wherein the connection substrate connects the first edge part and the fourth edge part so that a third edge part along the longitudinal direction of the first light source substrate and the fourth edge part face each other, in the state of the first shape, and so that the first edge part and a second edge part on one end side in the longitudinal direction of the second light source substrate face each other, in the state of the second shape, and
wherein the substrate unit is deformed from the first shape into the second shape as the connection substrate is bent at the first bent part and the second bent part.

US Pat. No. 10,190,757

LED LIGHTING METHODS AND APPARATUS

WANGS ALLIANCE CORPORATIO...

1. An LED light fixture comprising:an upper fixture main body;
an LED light source secured in the upper fixture main body;
a lower fixture main body including support arms between which said upper fixture main body is mounted by pivots;
a first tilt position stop for holding said upper fixture main body at one of a plurality of user selectable tilt positions;
wherein said lower fixture main body includes a housing with a hollow cavity in which said upper fixture main body is tiltably mounted;
wherein a lower portion of said upper fixture main body extends into said hollow cavity of said lower fixture main body housing, said hollow cavity including room to allow said upper fixture main body to tilt; and
a waterproof housing in which said upper fixture main body, said LED light source, said lower fixture main body and said first tilt position stop are sealed after said upper fixture main body is set to one of the user selectable tilt positions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,756

FLEXIBLE SIGNALING DEVICE HAVING RUBBERLIKE ELONGATE DIFFUSER

9609385 CANADA INC., Bea...

1. A flexible signalling device comprising:a housing manufactured from a rigid material and comprising a flat bottom;
an electronic circuit positioned within said housing and comprising at least one LED arranged along a light emitting edge of said housing, a battery and a user actuatable switch for selectively energizing said at least one LED;
a lens covering said at least one LED; and
a solid elongate light diffuser manufactured from a non-opaque flexible rubberlike material comprising a flat bottom;
wherein said housing and said light diffuser combine to form a unitary elongate quasi-ellipsoid when viewed from above and further wherein said at least one LED is arranged to emit light through said lens and into said diffuser along a length thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,190,755

LED BOARD RETENTION

ABL IP Holding LLC, Atla...

1. A retention member for securing a light emitting diode (LED) board to a substrate, wherein the LED board comprises a width and at least one row of LEDs, and wherein the retention member comprises a width greater than the width of the LED board and:a. a retention member body configured to extend across the width of the LED board between LEDs within the at least one row of LEDs, wherein the retention member body comprises a recess formed on an underside of the retention member body configured to receive the LED board;
b. a first retention wing integral with the retention member body and comprising a first protrusion configured to engage a first aperture defined by the substrate; and
c. a second retention wing integral with the retention member body and comprising a second protrusion configured to engage a second aperture defined by the substrates wherein:
at least a portion of a bottom surface of each of the first retention wing and the second retention wing is positioned against a top surface of the substrate;
each of the first protrusion and the second protrusion is configured to extend through a respective one of the first aperture and the second aperture such that each protrusion contacts a bottom surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,190,754

OPTICAL ATTACHMENT FEATURES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE-BASED LIGHTING SYSTEM

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A light-emitting diode (LED) lighting system, comprising:an enclosure comprising an enclosure wall forming a cavity and an enclosure collar having a first profile, wherein the first profile of the enclosure collar and the enclosure wall have a recess disposed therebetween;
a trim comprising a trim collar that directly abuts to the enclosure collar, wherein the trim collar has a second profile;
a reflector comprising an outer surface, an inner surface comprising a reflective material, and a reflector collar having a first optical attachment mechanism; and
a diffuser comprising a diffuser collar, wherein the diffuser collar comprises a second optical attachment mechanism and a third optical attachment mechanism, wherein the second optical attachment mechanism couples to the first optical attachment mechanism, wherein the third optical attachment mechanism comprises a protrusion, and wherein the protrusion is disposed within the recess formed by the enclosure wall, the first profile of the enclosure collar, and the second profile of the trim collar when the enclosure collar is mechanically coupled to the trim collar.

US Pat. No. 10,190,752

LUMINAIRE MOUNTING SYSTEM

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A luminaire comprising:a frame that is configured to house a light source in a cavity defined by the frame;
wherein a rear end of the frame comprises:
an extension that is integrally formed with the frame and comprising a wire receiving aperture defined by a protrusion formed in the extension, the protrusion comprising two side walls extending on two sides of the wire receiving aperture and a top wall disposed between the two side walls and extending above the wire receiving aperture, and
wherein the extension is configured to secure the frame to a bracket-side connector of:
(a) a first bracket when the frame is mounted to a first mounting surface,
(b) a second bracket when the frame is mounted to a second mounting surface, and
(c) a third bracket when the frame is mounted to a third mounting surface, and
wherein the first mounting surface, the second mounting surface, and the third mounting surface are different from each other; and
wherein the protrusion is sized to seat in a corresponding groove defined by the bracket-side connector of: (a) the first bracket when the frame is mounted to the first mounting surface, (b) the second bracket when the frame is mounted to the second mounting surface, and (c) the third bracket when the frame is mounted to the third mounting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,190,751

MULTI-MODE ILLUMINATION DEVICE

MARTIN PROFESSIONAL APS, ...

1. An illumination device comprising:a number of light sources generating light, wherein said light sources are arranged into a first group of light sources and into a second group of light sources, wherein said second group of light sources is configured to generate light of at least two different colors and comprises multi-die light emitting diodes (LEDs);
a number of light collectors adapted to collect said generated light and to convert said collected light into a number of light beams, said light beams propagating along an optical axis; and
a number of optical mixers arranged between said second group of light sources and said light collectors, said optical mixers are adapted to collect light from said second group of light sources and to convert said collected light from said second group of light sources into a number of intermediate homogeneous light beams propagating towards said light collectors,
wherein said number of light sources and said light collectors are movable in relation to each other between a first position and a second position, and said first group of light sources and said second group of light sources are individually controllable,
wherein said light collectors can be fixed in said first position to collect at least a part of said light generated by said first group of light sources and convert said collected light from said first group of light sources into a number of first light beams, and can be fixed in said second position to collect at least a part of said intermediate homogeneous light beams and convert said intermediate homogeneous light beams into a number of second light beams,
wherein an aperture is positioned along said optical axis, wherein said number of light collectors concentrate said first light beams and said second light beams at said aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,190,750

TROFFER LUMINAIRE WITH AN ARCHED LENS

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A troffer luminaire comprising:an upper housing;
a door hinged to a side of the upper housing and defining an opening of the troffer luminaire, wherein the door comprises:
a first end plate and a second end plate disposed opposite to the first end plate;
a first reflector disposed between the first end plate and the second end plate, the first reflector comprising a first flange;
a second reflector disposed between the first end plate and the second end plate, the second reflector comprising a second flange; and
a flexible lens that is bound by a first edge, a second edge that is opposite to the first edge, a third edge that is disposed between a first end of the first edge and a first end of the second edge, and a fourth edge that is opposite to the third edge and disposed between a second end of the first edge and a second end of the second edge,
wherein the flexible lens is disposed between the first flange and the second flange of the door such that the first edge of the flexible lens engages the first flange, the second edge of the flexible lens engages the second flange, the third edge is disposed adjacent the first end plate, and the fourth edge is disposed adjacent the second end plate,
the flexible lens having a width between the first edge and the second edge that requires the flexible lens to bend when disposed between the first flange and the second flange such that the third edge and the fourth edge of the flexible lens are curved when the flexible lens is disposed between the first flange and the second flange,
wherein when the flexible lens is disposed in the door, a first gap exists between the first end plate and the third edge of the flexible lens and a second gap exists between the second end plate and the fourth edge of the flexible lens,
wherein the first end plate of the door comprises a first embossment that obstructs light from exiting the luminaire through the first gap and the second end plate of the door frame comprises a second embossment that obstructs the light from exiting the luminaire through the second gap,
wherein the first embossment and the second embossment protrude into the opening, and
wherein the first embossment and the second embossment are positioned such that when the flexible lens is disposed in the door, the first embossment and the second embossment are disposed above the flexible lens and follow a curve of the third edge and the fourth edge of the flexible lens, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,190,749

LED TUBE LAMP

Jiaxing Super Lighting El...

1. An LED tube lamp, comprising:a lamp tube, having an LED light bar disposed inside the lamp tube with a plurality of LED light sources on the LED light bar;
two end caps respectively at two opposite ends of the lamp tube; and
a power supply in one or separately in both of the end caps,
wherein each of the end caps comprises:
an electrically insulating tube;
a magnetic metal member, disposed on an inner circumferential surface of the electrically insulating tube;
a hot melt adhesive disposed on an inner circumferential surface of the magnetic metal member; and
two conductive pins disposed on the electrically insulating tube,
wherein the hot melt adhesive comprises phenolic resin 2127, shellac, rosin, calcium carbonate powder, and zinc oxide.

US Pat. No. 10,190,746

OPTICAL LENS FOR BEAM SHAPING AND STEERING AND DEVICES USING THE OPTICAL LENS

ABL IP HOLDING LLC, Cony...

1. A lighting device comprising:a plurality of individually controllable illumination light sources configured to be driven by electrical power to emit light;
an optical lens positioned over the illumination light sources, the optical lens having a plurality of aspheric or spheric surfaces, including an input surface coupled to receive light from the illumination light sources and an output surface;
the input surface includes an input peripheral portion and an input central portion, wherein:
the input peripheral portion extends from the illumination light sources and curves from a region of the illumination light sources towards the input central portion, and
the input central portion curves towards the illumination light sources; and
the output surface includes an output lateral portion, an output shoulder portion, and an output body portion, wherein:
the output lateral portion extends away from the illumination light sources, curves away from the input peripheral portion, and intersects the output shoulder portion;
the output shoulder portion abuts the output body portion; and
the output body portion curves outwards from the illumination light sources and the output shoulder portion.