US Pat. No. 10,193,640

OFFSET-COMPENSATED LOSS OF SIGNAL DETECTION METHODS AND SYSTEMS

INPHI CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A loss-of-signal detection device comprising:a first terminal configured to receive a first input signal, the first input signal being characterized by a first frequency;
a first hysteresis voltage source configured to apply a first predetermined hysteresis voltage to the first input signal to provide a first adjusted signal;
a bias voltage source being configured to provide a bias voltage;
a first transistor comprising a first gate and a first source, the first adjusted signal being coupled to the first gate;
a second transistor comprising a second gate, a second source, and a first drain, the second gate being coupled to the bias voltage, the second source being coupled to the first source; and
an output module comprising a switch network and a latch, the switch network being configured to generate an intermediate signal using a strength indicator signal received from the first drain of the second transistor and an offset associated at least with the first transistor, the latch being configured to generate a loss-of-signal indicator based on the intermediate signal at a second frequency, the second frequency being lower than the first frequency;
wherein the switch network operates in a first phase and a second phase, the switching network being configured to determine a common offset voltage during the first phase, the switching network being configure to generate the intermediate signal during the second phase, the intermediate signal is based on a difference between the strength indicator signal and the common offset voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,193,634

OPTICAL DRIVER CIRCUITS

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

18. An optical driver circuit, comprising:a level controller to pre-emphasize rising and falling edges of a modulation signal output to an optical transmitter;
an equalization controller to remove the pre-emphasis from the modulation signal output using an inverted delayed modulation signal;
an edge rate controller to control a rise and fall time of the modulation signal output;
wherein the level controller, the equalization controller, and the edge rate controller each include a plurality of negative-AND (NAND) gate p-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (PMOS) circuits and a plurality of negative-OR (NOR) gate n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (NMOS) circuits; and
a pre-driver circuit to:
generate a main modulation signal and an inverted main modulation signal;
provide the main modulation signal as input to the plurality of NAND gate PMOS circuits and the plurality of NOR gate NMOS circuits included in the edge rate controller; and
provide the inverted main modulation signal as input to the plurality of NAND gate PMOS circuits and the plurality of NOR gate NMOS circuits included in the level controller.

US Pat. No. 10,193,632

OPTICAL DEVICES INCLUDING A HIGH CONTRAST GRATING LENS

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

6. An optical communication device, comprising:a transparent substrate;
a vertical-cavity surface emitting laser VCSEL integrated at a first side of the transparent substrate to emit a modulated laser light into the transparent substrate, the laser light being modulated for transmitting information;
an optical waveguide to implement optical communications to a remote device via transmission of the modulated laser light; and
a HCG lens integrated at a second side of the transparent substrate to:
receive the modulated laser light from the transparent substrate, and
transmit and refract the modulated laser light into an optical input of the optical waveguide;
wherein the HCG lens includes a HCG layer and a separation layer interposed between the HCG layer and the substrate to enhance resonant optical effects that the HCG layer causes on the laser light impinging thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,193,630

STATION-SIDE DEVICE AND OPTICAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELE...

1. A station-side device used in an optical transmission system that includes N (N is an integer of not less than 2) optical splitters and the station-side device that is configured to perform transfer processing of frames between a plurality of subscriber-side devices connected to the station-side device via the optical splitters and a host device, comprising:N optical transceivers connected to the optical splitters in a one-to-one correspondence and configured to perform opto-electric conversion of upstream frames from the subscriber-side devices connected to the corresponding optical splitters to the host device and perform electro-optic conversion of downstream frames from the host device to the subscriber-side devices;
a PON control circuit configured to exchange the upstream frames and the downstream frames with the host device and time-divisionally allocate a communication band for upstream frame transmission to the subscriber-side devices such that the upstream frames are transmitted from the respective subscriber-side devices at different times;
a selection and distribution circuit configured to select the optical transceivers corresponding to the upstream frame that time-divisionally arrives such that the upstream frames opto-electrically converted by the optical transceivers are transferred to the PON control circuit, and distribute the downstream frames from the PON control circuit to the optical transceivers; and
a power supply control circuit configured to stop power supply to at least one of the optical transceivers that are not used to transfer the frame of the optical transceivers and the selection and distribution circuit which is not used to transfer the frames,
wherein the power supply control circuit includes N first power switches provided in correspondence with the respective optical transceivers and configured to control power supply to the optical transceivers based on operation statuses of the optical transceivers, and N second power switches provided in correspondence with the respective optical transceivers and configured to control power supply to circuit portions corresponding to the optical transceivers in the selection and distribution circuit based on the operation statuses of the optical transceivers and/or upstream band allocation statuses representing arrival time periods of the upstream frames that arrive time-divisionally.

US Pat. No. 10,193,624

VISIBLE LIGHT COMMUNICATION DEVICE, METHOD AND SYSTEM

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A visible light communication (VLC) device for performing VLC by a visible light source, the VLC device comprising:a processing circuit; and
a current driving circuit, coupled to the processing circuit and the visible light source, wherein the current driving circuit being controlled by the processing circuit to drive the visible light source,
wherein
in searching a central frequency of the visible light source, the processing circuit is configured to:
send a plurality of central frequency training packets to the current driving circuit, the central frequency training packets including a plurality of candidate central frequencies; and
based on a first decoding result on the central frequency training packets, select one among the candidate central frequencies to set as the central frequency of the visible light source; and
in searching a bandwidth of the visible light source, the processing circuit is configured to:
send a plurality of bandwidth training packets to the current driving circuit, the bandwidth training packets including the central frequency of the visible light source and a plurality of candidate bandwidth; and
based on a second decoding result on the bandwidth training packets, select one among the candidate bandwidth to set as the bandwidth of the visible light source.

US Pat. No. 10,193,620

NONLINEAR SPATIALLY RESOLVED INTERFEROMETER FOR CHARACTERIZING OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF DEPLOYED TELECOMMUNICATION CABLES

Ciena Corporation, Hanov...

1. A method for measuring physical properties of optical signals as a function of wavelength and as a function of location in an optical link, the method comprising:generating a first modulated optical carrier at a first wavelength, the first modulated optical carrier carrying pump pulses;
generating a second modulated optical carrier at a second wavelength that differs from the first wavelength, the second modulated optical carrier carrying pilot pulses and carrying probe pulses;
transmitting the first modulated optical carrier and the second modulated optical carrier on an optical fiber over the optical link, the optical link comprising multiple spans connected by one or more optical amplifiers, such that a probe pulse of the probe pulses is spatially overlapped in the optical fiber with a pump pulse of the pump pulses within at least one interaction region in the optical link;
performing a measurement on the probe pulse beyond an end of the optical fiber to measure optical properties of the probe pulse relative to a coherent reference, wherein the coherent reference includes a component of at least one of the pilot pulses, the component being coherent to the probe pulse; and
calculating physical properties of the pump pulse from the measurement on the probe pulse,
wherein the pilot pulses are arranged to be not spatially overlapped in the optical fiber with any of the pump pulses, or the pilot pulses are arranged so that any interaction between the pilot pulses and any of the pump pulses introduces a negligible error or a deterministic-yet-correctable error in measurement of the optical properties.

US Pat. No. 10,193,619

MODE DIVISION MULTIPLEXED PASSIVE OPTICAL NETWORK

9. A method of compensating for crosstalk in a mode division multiplexing passive optical network, the method comprising:inputting a plurality of downlink reference signals to a multiplexer, each of the plurality of downlink reference signals being in a different one of a plurality of modes;transmitting the plurality of downlink reference signals as a mode multiplexed signal along an optical fibre;receiving the mode multiplexed signal at a demultiplexer;
outputting a plurality of received downlink reference signals from the demultiplexer, each of the received plurality of downlink reference signals being in a different one of a plurality of modes;
coupling the received plurality of downlink reference signals into an uplink reference signal,
transmitting the uplink reference signal in a quasi-single mode transmission along the optical fibre,
adapting a plurality of optical signals input to the multiplexer based on the uplink reference signal to pre-compensate for crosstalk.

US Pat. No. 10,193,608

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND DEVICE THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting, by a user equipment (UE), channel state information (CSI) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:determining CSI for a serving cell of an unlicensed band; and
transmitting the CSI at a periodic CSI reporting instance within a reserved resource period (RRP) which is a time period occupied to transmit and receive data in the serving cell,
wherein another CSI prior to an initial rank indication (RI) reporting instance within the RRP is dropped or transmitted through an out of range (OOR) message.

US Pat. No. 10,193,606

BEAM CONFIGURATION METHOD AND DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A beam configuration method applied to an electronic device, wherein the electronic device comprises a first plane, the first plane comprises at least two antenna array units, and the method comprises:determining whether an included angle between a ray that is perpendicular to the first plane and that extends outward from the electronic device and a ray pointing from the electronic device to a peer device is less than or equal to a preset angle; and
when the included angle between the ray that is perpendicular to the first plane and that extends outward from the electronic device and the ray pointing from the electronic device to the peer device is less than or equal to the preset angle, adjusting a phase difference between the antenna array units in the first plane, so that the array factors satisfy a condition of an end-fire state;
when the at least two antenna array units in the first plane are in uniform straight-line distribution, array factors of the antenna array units in the first plane are
wherein ?=?+kd cos ?, ? is a wave path difference between different antenna array units, ? is a phase difference between the two antenna array units,k is a quantity of waves, ? is a wavelength, d is a distance between the two antenna array units, and ? is an included angle between the ray that is perpendicular to the first plane and that extends outward from the electronic device and a ray in the direction of the first beam.

US Pat. No. 10,193,584

ADJUSTING AN ANTENNA CONFIGURATION OF A TERMINAL DEVICE IN A CELLULAR COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Sony Mobile Communication...

1. A method for adjusting an antenna configuration of a terminal device in a cellular communication system, the cellular communication system comprising a base station and the terminal device. the terminal device being a portable user equipment and comprising a plurality of antenna elements, the method comprising:providing, in the terminal device, a plurality of preset antenna configurations, each antenna configuration of the plurality of preset antenna configurations defining phase information and amplitude information for each of the plurality of antenna elements, the phase information and the amplitude information used in combining signals respectively received by the antenna elements,
determining a reception characteristic of a signal transmission sent from the base station and received at the plurality of antenna elements,
comparing the determined reception characteristic with a threshold value,
in response to the determined reception characteristic is greater than the threshold value, adjusting the antenna configuration according to a channel sounding procedure, and
in response to the determined reception characteristic is less than the threshold value, adjusting the antenna configuration by:
performing consecutively for each preset antenna configuration of the plurality of preset antenna configurations:
applying the antenna configuration to the plurality of antenna elements, and
determining a reception characteristic of a signal transmission sent from the base station and received at the plurality of antenna elements with the applied antenna configuration,
selecting one antenna configuration of the plurality of preset antenna configurations based on the plurality of reception characteristics determined for the plurality of preset antenna configurations, and
applying the selected antenna configuration to the plurality of antenna elements for further signal transmissions.

US Pat. No. 10,193,578

FLEXIBLE POLAR ENCODERS AND DECODERS

1. A method of encoding data comprising:inputting data to a first non-systematic polar encoder having a first pipeline defining a first input and a first output, and capable of encoding a polar code of length nmax;
extracting, via at least one first multiplexer of size log nmax×1, a first polar code of length n modifying the first encoded output to set frozen bits to a known value to obtain a modified first encoded output;
inputting the modified first encoded output to a second non-systematic polar encoder having a second pipeline defining a second input and a second output, and capable of encoding a polar code of length nmax; and
extracting, via at least one second multiplexer of size log nmax×1, a second polar code of length n

US Pat. No. 10,193,575

DIGITAL BROADCASTING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF PROCESSING DATA IN DIGITAL BROADCASTING SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. An apparatus for receiving a broadcast signal, the apparatus comprising:a tuner to receive the broadcast signal, wherein the broadcast signal includes a first region and a second region, wherein the first region is concatenated with the second region, wherein the broadcast signal includes known data, signaling information, and service data;
a signaling decoder to decode the signaling information for signaling the service data, wherein the signaling information includes a first field indicating a number of subframes in a frame;
a deinterleaver to deinterleave the service data; and
a decoder to decode the deinterleaved service data,
wherein the broadcast signal further includes fast service acquisition information between a physical layer and an upper layer,
wherein the signaling information further includes a second field for the fast service acquisition information,
wherein the service data includes a data packet which includes a header and a payload,
wherein the header of the data packet includes a pointer field which represents start position information of the payload, and
wherein the header of the data packet further includes a field which is related with stuffing bytes which fills a portion in front of the payload in the data packet.

US Pat. No. 10,193,549

SENSING APPARATUS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A modular sensing apparatus comprising:a flexible substrate configurable into different shapes that conform to differently-shaped three-dimensional structures, wherein the flexible substrate is arranged to fold to cover a plurality of surfaces that form a corner of a device; and
a plurality of sensors positioned on the flexible substrate with the plurality of sensors arranged on the flexible substrate to detect touchless motion-based commands in a region that overlies said sensors when the flexible substrate is positioned on at least two of said differently-shaped three-dimensional structures.

US Pat. No. 10,193,548

BIASING SCHEME FOR HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUITS USING LOW VOLTAGE DEVICES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:an integrated circuit including a first node to receive a supply voltage and a second node to receive ground potential; and
a transmitter located in the integrated circuit, the transmitter including a buffer to transmit a signal, the buffer including:
an output stage including a first pair of transistors coupled between the first node and an output node, and a second pair of transistors coupled between the output node and the second node;
the first pair of transistors including a first transistor and a second transistor, the first transistor including a first non-gate terminal directly coupled to a first non-gate terminal of the second transistor, the second transistor including a second non-gate terminal coupled to the output node;
the second pair of transistors including a first transistor and a second transistor, the first transistor of the second pair of transistors including first non-gate terminal directly coupled to a first non-gate terminal of the second transistor of the second pair of transistors, and the second transistor of the second pair of transistors including a second non-gate terminal directly coupled to the second non-gate terminal of the second transistor of the first pair of transistors; and
a bias stage to provide a first bias voltage to a gate of the second transistor in the second pair of transistors and a second bias voltage to a gate of the second transistor in the first pair of transistors, wherein a value of each of the first and second bias voltages is greater than zero, and the value of the second bias voltage is a value of the supply voltage minus the value of the first bias voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,193,538

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first circuit block that is connected between a first power supply voltage line and a first reference voltage line;
a second circuit block that is connected between a second power supply voltage line and a second reference voltage line and transmits and receives signals with the first circuit block;
a resistor circuit that is connected between the second power supply voltage line and the second circuit block; and
a first clamp circuit that is connected between a line connected between the resistor circuit and the second circuit block and the first reference voltage line and clamps a potential difference between the line connected between the resistor circuit and the second circuit block and the first reference voltage line.

US Pat. No. 10,193,535

OSCILLATION CIRCUIT, BOOSTER CIRCUIT, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

ABLIC INC., Chiba (JP)

1. An oscillation circuit, comprising:a ring oscillator circuit in which odd stages of inverter circuits, each of which includes a PMOS transistor and an NMOS transistor that are connected to each other in series, are cascade connected such that the inverter circuits are connected to form a ring;
a first constant current element formed of a PMOS transistor configured to cause a predetermined current to flow to the inverter circuits;
a second constant current element formed of an NMOS transistor configured to cause a predetermined current to flow to the inverter circuits; and
a power supply circuit configured to generate a first bias voltage, a second bias voltage, and a second power supply voltage from a first power supply voltage,
the second power supply voltage being a constant voltage when the first power supply voltage is at a predetermined voltage or higher,
the PMOS transistor in each of the inverter circuits including a source connected to a drain of the PMOS transistor, which is the first constant current element, and a substrate to which the first power supply voltage is input,
the NMOS transistor in each of the inverter circuits including a source connected to a drain of the NMOS transistor, which is the second constant current element, and a substrate to which a ground voltage is input,
the PMOS transistor, which is the first constant current element, including a gate to which the first bias voltage is input, and a source and a substrate to which the second power supply voltage is input,
the NMOS transistor, which is the second constant current element, including a gate to which the second bias voltage is input, and a source and a substrate to which the ground voltage is input.

US Pat. No. 10,193,531

DIGITAL STEP ATTENUATOR

pSemi Corporation, San D...

1. An electronic digital step attenuator circuit for selectively attenuating an applied signal, including:(a) a first signal port for receiving the applied signal, and a second signal port for conveying the applied signal;
(b) a plurality of binary-weighted selectable attenuator cells serially coupled between the first and second signal ports, each binary-weighted attenuator cell providing a bypass state and at least one selectable attenuation state and having a stack of series-connected field effect transistors (FETs) having a series stack size equal to a count of the series-connected FETs of the binary-weighted attenuator cell; and
(c) a plurality of thermometer-weighted selectable attenuator cells serially coupled between the first and second signal ports and serially coupled to the plurality of binary-weighted attenuator cells, each thermometer-weighted attenuator cell providing a bypass state and at least one selectable attenuation state and having a stack of series-connected FETs having a series stack size equal to a count of the series-connected FETs of the thermometer-weighted attenuator cell;
wherein the series stack size of at least one of the thermometer-weighted selectable attenuator cells is configured to withstand a maximum power level of the applied signal, and remaining thermometer-weighted selectable attenuator cells include smaller series stack sizes configured to withstand only an attenuated signal having a power level less than the maximum power level of the applied signal, wherein a total of the series stack sizes of the thermometer-weighted selectable attenuator cells is configured to reduce an overall insertion loss for the electronic digital step attenuator circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,526

BULK ACOUSTIC RESONATOR AND FILTER

Samsung Electro-Machanics...

1. A bulk acoustic resonator comprising:a substrate;
a first electrode disposed above the substrate;
a piezoelectric body disposed on the first electrode and including a plurality of piezoelectric layers each including aluminum nitride with a doping material; and
a second electrode disposed on the piezoelectric body,
wherein at least one of the piezoelectric layers is a compressive piezoelectric layer, the compressive piezoelectric layer is disposed in a portion of the piezoelectric body so as to directly contact the first electrode, and
a ratio (c/a) of a lattice constant of the compressive piezoelectric layer in a c-axis direction to a lattice constant of the compressive piezoelectric layer in an a-axis direction is higher than a ratio (c/a) of a lattice constant of another piezoelectric layer in a c-axis direction to a lattice constant of the another piezoelectric layer in an a-axis direction.

US Pat. No. 10,193,522

SINGLE PORT WIDE BAND IMPEDANCE MATCHING CIRCUIT WITH NARROW BAND HARMONIC BYPASS, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ANTENNA MATCHING

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

15. A wireless communication device comprising:one or more transceivers;
a single signal port coupled to the one or more transceivers, the single signal port including a wide band signal;
an impedance matching circuit including a narrow band harmonic bypass, the narrow band harmonic bypass being configured to produce a short at a predetermined frequency, which corresponds to a harmonic of a lower frequency signal included as part of the wide band signal received at the single signal port;
an antenna port coupled to the single signal port via the impedance matching circuit; and
an antenna coupled to the antenna port.

US Pat. No. 10,193,520

DIGITAL SWITCHED ATTENUATOR

SKYWORKS SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. An attenuation cell for use in a switched attenuator, the attenuation cell comprising:an attenuation path having an input, a first switch, a resistive network, a second switch, and an output, the resistive network electrically disposed between the first switch and the second switch and configured to provide a desired attenuation from the input to the output;
a bypass path in parallel with the attenuation path and having a bypass switch disposed between the input and the output; and
a shunt switch including at least four series-connected switching elements, the shunt switch being coupled between the resistive network and a reference node to selectively connect the resistive network to the reference node.

US Pat. No. 10,193,518

RADIO-FREQUENCY (RF) COMPONENT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A radio-frequency component comprising:a first substrate including one or more first wiring electrodes, and a plurality of stacked insulating layers;
a column-shaped spacer member placed on a first main face of the first substrate;
a second substrate including a second wiring electrode, and a plurality of stacked insulating layers, the second substrate being spaced from the first substrate by being stacked on the column-shaped spacer member; and
an inductor component mounted on the first main face of the first substrate,
wherein a first no-electrode-forming area where the one or more first wiring electrodes are not formed is set to a range overlapping with the inductor component in a plan view of at least one of the plurality of stacked insulating layers of the first substrate, and
wherein a second no-electrode-forming area where the second wiring electrode is not formed is set to a range overlapping with the inductor component in a plan view of at least one of the plurality of stacked insulating layers of the second substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,193,516

COMMON MODE FILTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A common mode filter comprising:a core including a winding core part extending in an axial direction, a first flange part provided at one end of the winding core part in the axial direction, and a second flange part provided at other end of the winding core part in the axial direction;
first and second terminal electrodes provided on the first flange part;
third and fourth terminal electrodes provided on the second flange part;
a first wire wound around the winding core part and having one end connected to the first terminal electrode and other end connected to the third terminal electrode; and
a second wire wound around the winding core part and having one end connected to the second terminal electrode and other end connected to the fourth terminal electrode,
wherein the winding core part includes a first winding region, a second winding region, and a third winding region positioned between the first and second winding regions in the axial direction, and
wherein the first and second wires are bifilar-wound in the first and second winding regions and layer-wound in the third winding region.

US Pat. No. 10,193,514

SELECTABLE PROGRAMMABLE GAIN OR OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER

MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INCO...

1. A configurable amplifier, comprising:a differential input stage;
a first output block;
a second output block;
a plurality of switches coupled to the differential input stage, the first output block and the second output block;
at least one configuration line controlling a switching position of said plurality of switches;
wherein
when a logic state on said configuration line defines a programmable gain amplifier setting, the plurality of switches are controlled such that the differential input stage and the first output block are coupled together as a programmable gain amplifier and comprises a feedback loop, wherein at least one switch of said plurality of switches changes a feedback resistance of the feedback loop, and
when another logic state of said configuration line defines an operational amplifier setting, the plurality of switches are controlled such that the differential input stage and the second output block are coupled together as an operational amplifier without a feedback loop.

US Pat. No. 10,193,504

SOLDER BUMP PLACEMENT FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT IN FLIP CHIP AMPLIFIERS

SKYWORKS SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. An amplifier comprising:a transistor array formed over a silicon substrate;
a plurality of first resistors formed over the silicon substrate, a first end of a resistor of the plurality of first resistors in communication with an emitter of a transistor of the transistor array; and
a metal pillar formed over the silicon substrate, a footprint defined by a periphery of the metal pillar being adjacent to a footprint defined by a periphery of the transistor array, the footprint defined by the periphery of the metal pillar overlapping a footprint defined by a periphery of the plurality of first resistors, a second end of the resistor of the plurality of first resistors in communication with the metal pillar, the silicon substrate, the metal pillar, the plurality of first resistors, and the transistor array being arranged with respect to each other such that heat generated during operation of the transistor is transferred through the silicon substrate to the metal pillar.

US Pat. No. 10,193,494

VEHICLE GLASS ROOF SYSTEMS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A glass roof system, comprising:a first glass layer;
a second glass layer;
a photovoltaic module;
a switching film powered by the photovoltaic module, wherein the switching film is positioned between the first glass layer and the second glass layer and is positioned axially between a first solar cell and a second solar cell of the photovoltaic module; and
a control module configured to selectively control the switching film based on a passenger cabin temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,193,491

ROOFTOP HEAT REFLECTOR SYSTEM

1. A reflector system for reflecting solar radiation away from a roof, said system comprising:a plurality of brackets, wherein each of said plurality of brackets has a first end, a second end, and a first length that extends between said first end and said second end, wherein said second end of each of said plurality of brackets contacts said roof causing said first end of each of said plurality of brackets to extend away from said roof by said first length;
a plurality of flags, wherein each of said plurality of flags has a base, a second length, and exterior surfaces along said second length that are reflective to solar radiation, wherein said second length of each of said plurality of flags is longer than said first length of each of said plurality of brackets;
a common ribbon having a top edge and a bottom edge, wherein said base of each of said plurality of flags are coupled to said ribbon so that said second length of each of said plurality of flags hang away from said bottom edge of said ribbon;
wherein said ribbon attaches to said first end of each of said plurality of brackets therein supporting said ribbon away from said roof, wherein said plurality of flags hang from said ribbon and are suspended between said ribbon and said roof.

US Pat. No. 10,193,481

WIND TURBINE PROVIDING GRID SUPPORT

1. A wind turbine for connection to an electrical grid, the wind turbine comprising:a rotor with blades coupled to an electrical generator; and
a controller configured to:
increase, in response to an event, an electrical output power from the wind turbine for a duration of an overproduction period using kinetic energy stored in the rotor thereby decreasing a rotational speed of the rotor, wherein the event indicates a need to increase the electrical output power from the wind turbine to the electrical grid to support the stability of the electrical grid, and
after increasing the electrical output power and before the rotational speed of the rotor reaches a predetermined minimum value, accelerate the rotor for a duration of a recovery period to a previous rotational speed while outputting at least a predetermined minimum electrical power to the electrical grid, wherein the controller is configured to control the wind turbine such that the predetermined minimum electrical power output to the electrical grid during the recovery period is at least 80% of an electrical operating power which was supplied to the electrical grid during a normal operation period prior to the overproduction period.

US Pat. No. 10,193,459

HIGH STATIC GAIN BI-DIRECTIONAL DC-DC RESONANT CONVERTER

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A bi-directional DC-DC converter comprising:a first terminal circuit;
a second terminal circuit;
a transformer circuit;
a first high voltage side coupled to the first terminal circuit, wherein the first high voltage side comprises a resonant tank circuit coupled between a first bridge circuit of the first high voltage side and a high voltage side of the transformer circuit, wherein the resonant tank circuit comprises:
a) a first branch comprising a first capacitor Cr1 and a first inductor Lr1 coupled in series;
b) a second branch comprising a second inductor Lr2 and a second capacitor Cr2 coupled in series; and
c) a third branch comprising a third capacitor Cr3 and a third inductor Lr3 coupled in series;
wherein the first, second and third branches are coupled to a common node, the second branch is coupled between the common node and a first terminal of the high voltage side of the transformer circuit and the third branch is coupled between the common node and a second terminal of the high voltage side of the transformer circuit; and
a second low voltage side coupled to the second terminal circuit, wherein the first high voltage side and the second low voltage side are coupled to each other via the transformer circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,441

DC-DC TRANSFORMER WITH INDUCTOR FOR THE FACILITATION OF ADIABATIC INTER-CAPACITOR CHARGE TRANSPORT

pSemi Corporation, San D...

1. An apparatus for power transformation, said apparatus comprising a power converter, said power converter comprising a charge pump, a first regulator, and a magnetic filter, wherein said magnetic filter is connected to a terminal of said charge pump, wherein said terminal is selected to facilitate adiabatic inter-capacitor charge transport within said charge pump, and wherein said first regulator is configured to regulate power provided by said power converter.

US Pat. No. 10,193,440

SWITCH NETWORK OF A MULTILEVEL POWER CONVERTER ARCHITECTURE

WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH...

1. A power converter comprising:a capacitive divider including a first end providing a first converter terminal and a second end providing a second converter terminal attachable to a ground reference, the capacitive divider further including a plurality of capacitors connected in series between the first end and the second end;
a multilevel switch network including a plurality of levels, each level including at least one level switch, wherein each level switch comprises
a switch terminal;
two throw terminals;
a single-pole, double-throw switch (SPDT) having a pole and two throws, wherein each throw of the two throws is connected to a respective throw terminal of the two throw terminals, wherein the pole is electrically controllable to move between the two throws;
an inductor connected between the pole and the switch terminal; and
a capacitor connected between the two throw terminals;
wherein a number of level switches in successive levels of the plurality of levels decreases from a first level to a last level,
wherein the last level has a single level switch, wherein the switch terminal of the single level switch provides a third converter terminal and the two throw terminals of the single level switch are each connected to the switch terminal of the level switch of a previous level relative to the last level,
wherein each level switch of the first level is connected across a different capacitor of the capacitive divider to provide a switchable connection between the pole of a respective SPDT switch and each side of a respective different capacitor,
wherein each level switch of each remaining level includes a throw terminal of the two throw terminals connected to the switch terminal of a different level switch of the previous level relative to a current level;
and
at least one switch signal generator controlling a switching of the SPDT switches of the multilevel switch network to provide a power transformation between the first converter terminal and the third converter terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,437

BRIDGELESS AC-DC CONVERTER WITH POWER FACTOR CORRECTION AND METHOD THEREFOR

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A bridgeless AC-DC converter, comprising:a totem pole network having a first input adapted to be coupled to a second terminal of an AC voltage source, a second input adapted to be coupled to a first terminal of said AC voltage source through an inductor, an output terminal for providing an output voltage, and a return terminal;
an output capacitor having a first terminal coupled to said output terminal, and a second terminal coupled to a bulk ground terminal;
a sense element coupled between said return terminal and said bulk ground terminal; and
a controller circuit coupled to said return terminal of said totem pole network, wherein said controller circuit modulates an on time of an active switch in said totem pole network on a cycle-by-cycle basis by shortening said on time corresponding to an amount of time a current sense signal derived from a current through said sense element exceeds a current limit threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,193,433

RAILWAY VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A railway vehicle control apparatus comprising:a first power conversion device comprising a primary circuit and a secondary circuit, each including a switching element, each to operate as a power conversion circuit when the switching element is activated, and each to operate as a rectifier circuit when the switching element is deactivated, the first power conversion device performing bidirectional power conversions between a primary side and a secondary side; and
a controller to perform control to deactivate, when one of either the switching element of the primary circuit or the switching element of the secondary circuit is activated, the other switching element;
wherein, while an alternating current generator is stopped that is disposed on the primary side of the first power conversion device and driven by an internal combustion engine to output alternating current power, the controller activates the switching element of the secondary circuit and deactivates the switching element of the primary circuit such that the first power conversion device converts electric power input from the secondary side to supply electric power for causing the alternating current generator to operate; and
wherein, during operation of the alternating current generator, the controller activates the switching element of the primary circuit and deactivates the switching element of the secondary circuit such that the first power conversion device converts electric power supplied from the alternating current generator to output the converted electric power to the secondary side;
the railway vehicle control apparatus further comprising:
a second power conversion device, a primary side thereof being connected to the alternating current generator, to perform bidirectional power conversions between the primary side and a secondary side;
a smoothing capacitor connected to secondary side terminals of the second power conversion device and connected to terminals of the primary side of the first power conversion device; and
an inverter connected in parallel with the smoothing capacitor between the secondary side terminals of the second power conversion device;
wherein the controller further controls the second power conversion device;
wherein, while the alternating current generator is stopped: (i) the controller, in response to a start command of the internal combustion engine, activates the switching element of the secondary circuit, and deactivates the switching element of the primary circuit such that the first power conversion device converts electric power stored in an electric power storage device connected to the secondary side terminals of the first power conversion device to charge the smoothing capacitor; (ii) thereafter the controller controls the second power conversion device such that the second power conversion device converts electric power stored in the smoothing capacitor to supply electric power for causing the alternating current generator to operate; (iii) the internal combustion engine is started by a torque output by the alternating current generator to which electric power from the second power conversion device is supplied and (iv) when starting operation of the internal combustion engine is completed, the controller deactivates the switching element of the primary circuit and the switching element of the secondary circuit; and
wherein while the alternating current generator is operated: (i) the controller controls the second power conversion device such that the second power conversion device converts the electric power supplied from the alternating current generator to charge the smoothing capacitor; and (ii) thereafter, when the voltage of the smoothing capacitor is greater than or equal to a threshold and the inverter is in a state of capable of being activated, the controller activates the switching element of the primary circuit and deactivates the switching element of the secondary circuit such that the first power conversion device converts the electric power supplied to the secondary side terminals of the second power conversion device to charge the electric power storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,411

OUTER ROTOR MOTOR

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An outer rotor motor comprising a metal motor case having an inner space, an inner stator disposed in the inner space of the motor case and having an outer circumference, and an outer rotor disposed along the outer circumference of the inner stator,the motor case comprising:
a mounting seat portion provided in the inner space of the motor case, the mounting seat portion having an inside; and
a protruding portion protruding from the inside of the mounting seat portion,
the inner stator comprising:
an opening portion formed centrally of the inner stator, the opening portion being formed to telescopically fit over the protruding portion;
a mounting portion formed adjacent the opening portion, the mounting portion facing the mounting seat portion with the opening portion telescopically fitting over the protruding portion,
the outer rotor motor further comprising:
a vibration isolating member interposed between the mounting seat portion and the mounting portion, the vibration isolating member including a metal member, a pair of elastic members sandwiching the metal member, and a pair of graphite layers laminated on surfaces of the elastic members, each graphite layer and the metal member being on opposite surfaces of each elastic member; and
a fastener that is formed through the vibration isolating member in a direction along which the metal member, the elastic members, and the graphite layers are laminated, and that fastens the mounting portion and the mounting seat portion together while compressing the vibration isolating member.

US Pat. No. 10,193,409

STATOR FOR ROTATING ELECTRIC MACHINE, ROTATING ELECTRIC MACHINE EQUIPPED WITH SAME, AND MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREFOR

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A stator of a rotating electric machine with a stator coil, comprising:a connection terminal including a pressure connection portion and a fastening portion, the pressure connection portion being connected to an input/output coil conductor of the stator coil, the fastening portion being mechanically connected to an external system, wherein a melting material is disposed in the fastening portion.

US Pat. No. 10,193,398

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER AND RECEIVE METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A wireless power transmitter for transferring power to a wireless power receiver in a wireless manner, the wireless power transmitter comprising:a power transmission control unit configured to detect the wireless power receiver; and
a power conversion unit configured to transfer the power to the wireless power receiver;
wherein the wireless power transmitter is configured to:
receive at least one of an identification packet or a configuration packet transmitted in a first mode from the wireless power receiver;
determine, based on the configuration packet, whether or not the wireless power receiver supports a second mode different from the first mode; and
communicate with the wireless power receiver in at least one of the first mode or the second mode when the wireless power receiver supports the second mode,
wherein the first mode is used for communication between one wireless power transmitter and one wireless power receiver, and the second mode is used for communication between one wireless power transmitter and a plurality of wireless power receivers, and
wherein the configuration packet comprises operation mode information indicating a communication execution mode supported by the wireless power receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,193,387

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS AND METHOD

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A wireless power transfer device, which is a medium-power wireless power transfer device that transfers power to a low-power wireless power reception device or a medium-power wireless power reception device, the wireless power transfer device comprising:a power conversion unit that converts electrical energy to a power signal; and
a communications and control unit that communicates with the wireless power reception device and controls power transfer,
the power conversion unit comprising:
an inverter that converts DC input to an AC waveform that drives a resonant circuit;
a primary coil that generates a magnetic field;
a shield material aligned with the primary coil; and
a current sensor that monitors current in the primary coil,
wherein the primary coil has a rectangular shape with a single layer of which a number of turns is 12, and consists of 105 strands Litz wire of which the diameter is 0.08 mm,
wherein the shield material is at least 1.5 mm thick and extends at least 2.5 mm beyond the outside of the primary coil,
wherein the primary coil and the shield material have a self-inductance 10.0 ?H, and
wherein the inverter operates in a full-bridge mode or in a half-bridge mode, the initial operation mode is set to the half-bridge mode, and if a detected wireless power reception device is the medium-power wireless power reception device, the communications and control unit changes the inverter operation mode from the half-bridge mode to the full-bridge mode alter receiving a control error packet from the wireless power reception device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,373

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A wireless power reception device comprising:a planar resonator configured to be coupled with external magnetic fields and generate an induced current;
a first ferrite member mounted on a first side of the planar resonator and positioned in a lower portion of the planar resonator; and
a second ferrite member mounted on a second side of the planar resonator opposite to the first side and positioned in an upper portion of the planar resonator,
wherein the external magnetic fields pass through an aperture of the planar resonator substantially from one of the first side of the lower portion of the planar resonator and the second side of the upper portion of the planar resonator to the other of the first side of the lower portion of the planar resonator and the second side of the upper portion of the planar resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,360

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY RECEPTIVE TO DIFFERENT TYPES OF OUTPUT MODULES

HEWLETT PACKARD ENTERPRIS...

1. An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) comprising:an output module, to connect to a first battery set and a second battery set in the UPS, comprising an inverter and a conductor;
a charging circuit, connected directly to the first battery set, to change the first and second battery set using alternating current (AC) power; and
a slot, receptive to insertion of the output module, wherein installing the output module in the slot connects the first and second battery sets in parallel or connects the first and second battery sets in series via the conductor; and completes an electrical circuit between the charging circuit, the first battery set, and the second battery set such that based on the completion of the electrical circuit, the charging circuit indirectly charges the second battery set;
the inventor to convert direct current (DC) power from the first battery set and the second battery set based on the output module completing the electrical circuit with the charging circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,338

VOLTAGE TRIGGERED EDGE INSENSITIVE PROTECTION CIRCUIT

SYNAPTICS INCORPORATED, ...

1. A trigger circuit for controlling a current shunt in an integrated circuit, comprising:a comparison circuit configured to:
compare a monitored voltage to a reference voltage, wherein the monitored voltage is generated by a powered or non-powered electrode static discharge (ESD) or electrostatic overstress (EOS) event; and
output a signal indicating when the monitored voltage is equal to or greater than the reference voltage; and
a shunt circuit configured to shunt the current based on receiving the signal from the comparison circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,331

POWER DISTRIBUTION UNIT AND METHOD OF CONTAINING ARC FAULTS IN POWER DISTRIBUTION UNITS

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A method of containing arc faults in a power distribution unit, the method comprising:in response to a bus bar temperature exceeding a bus bar temperature threshold, thermally opening a conductive element extending between an energizing coil of a contactor, a bus bar, and a controller configured to selectively open and close the contactor, the conductive element being electrically connected to the energizing coil of the contactor and the controller, the conductive element being electrically isolated from a power source electrically connected to the bus bar through the contactor, the conductive element being disposed on a surface of the bus bar and being electrically isolated from the bus bar.

US Pat. No. 10,193,325

CONTROLLED POWER-UP SCHEME FOR AN ELECTRONIC TRIP UNIT, AND CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER EMPLOYING SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A power supply circuit for a trip unit of a circuit interrupter, comprising:a current transformer structured to provide power based on a primary current flowing through the circuit interrupter;
a startup circuit coupled to the current transformer, wherein the startup circuit includes a burden impedance, and wherein the startup circuit is structured to: (i) burden the current transformer using the burden impedance, (ii) monitor a level of the power available from the current transformer, (iii) prevent the trip unit from starting up responsive to the level being below a predetermined value, and (iv) remove the burden and cause the trip unit to be started up responsive to the level being above the predetermined value; and
a DC/DC converter coupled to an output of the startup circuit, wherein the DC/DC converter is structured to provide a power signal to the trip unit responsive to the level being above the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,193,302

LIGHT ENGINE WITH INTEGRATED TURNING MIRROR FOR DIRECT COUPLING TO PHOTONICALLY-ENABLED COMPLEMENTARY METAL-OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR (CMOS) DIE

Applied Optoelectronics, ...

1. A light engine comprising:an optical bench having a first end extending to a second end along a longitudinal axis;
a laser diode disposed on a mounting surface adjacent the first end of the optical bench and configured to output laser light along a first light path that extends substantially along the longitudinal axis;
at least one channel defined by the optical bench that allows the first light path to extend therethrough, wherein the at least one channel includes a first channel defined by a mesa structure disposed along the light path, the channel extending through the mesa structure to allow the first light path to extend therethrough; and
an integrated mirror device disposed along the light path to receive and direct the laser light along a second light path to optically couple the laser light to a photonically-enabled complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) die, the second light path being angled relative to the first light path.

US Pat. No. 10,193,292

JIG AND PRESS-FITTING DEVICE COMPRISING THIS JIG

J.S.T. MFG. CO., LTD., O...

1. A jig for guiding insertions of a plurality of press-fit terminals, comprising:a jig unit for installing the plurality of press-fit terminals which have shoulders and press-fit sections being formed wider than a width of a terminal main body and are arranged in at least one row, the jig unit being assembled by a plurality of plate-shaped bodies made of metal, wherein the jig unit comprises:
at least one sheet of movable guide member being formed in a comb-teeth shape having a plurality of guide grooves extending along a vertical direction into which the terminal main bodies can be fitted,
at least one sheet of insertion punch being formed in a comb-teeth shape having a plurality of punch grooves extending along the vertical direction corresponding to the guide grooves and being formed with pressing sections at the punch grooves for pressing the shoulders of the press-fit terminals, and
one sheet of rear surface plate body,
wherein the at least one sheet of movable guide member and the at least one sheet of insertion punch are alternately disposed along a front and a rear direction orthogonal to the vertical direction so that each surface of the at least of one sheet of movable guide member and the at least one sheet of insertion punch is faced to each other,
wherein the movable guide member and the rear surface plate body are attached so as to be upwardly and downwardly movable with respect to the insertion punch, and wherein when the press-fit terminals are installed to a member to be installed, and during the press-fit sections are adapted to be press fitted to the member to be installed by the insertion punch, the movable guide member and the rear surface plate body move upward with respect to the insertion punch after the lower ends of the movable guide member and the insertion punch are adapted to abut to the member to be installed.

US Pat. No. 10,193,291

ROTARY CRIMPING TOOL ASSEMBLY

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A rotary crimping tool assembly configured to crimp a portion of a structure, the rotary crimping tool assembly comprising:a tool housing defining a crimping chamber; and
one or more crimp wheels within the crimping chamber, wherein the crimping chamber is configured to receive the portion of the structure in proximity to the one or more crimp wheels, and wherein the one or more crimp wheels are configured to be pressed into and rotated relative to the portion of the structure to form one or more crimps in the portion of the structure;
wherein each of the one or more crimp wheels comprises a conductor crimp member and a sealing crimp member, wherein the conductor crimp member has a different shape than the sealing crimp member, wherein the conductor crimp member includes a smooth, arcuate outer surface having a central equator from which lateral portions recede, wherein the sealing crimp member has a plurality of seal-indenting features, wherein the conductor crimp member has a first height and the sealing crimp member has a second height, wherein the first height exceeds the second height, the conductor crimp member is configured to form a first crimp at a first depth into the portion of structure, and the sealing crimp member is configured to form a second crimp at a second depth into the portion of structure, and wherein the first depth is deeper than the second depth.

US Pat. No. 10,193,288

SNAP BUTTON FASTENER PROVIDING ELECTRICAL CONNECTION

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A fastener element to provide electrical connection comprising:a mechanical part including either a stud portion or a socket portion; and
a separate electrical connector, wherein the electrical connector is located at least in part within the stud portion or the socket portion of the mechanical part, and wherein a first electrical connector is insulated from the stud portion or the socket portion, the first electrical connector being one of an electrical pin or an electrical receptacle;
wherein the fastener element is operable to be removeably interlocked with a second fastener element, the second fastener element including the other of a stud portion or socket portion, and including the other of an electrical pin or an electrical receptacle and when the fastener element is interlocked with the second fastener element the electrical pin for the stud portion is disposed within the stud portion and connects with the electrical receptacle for the socket portion inside the stud portion; and
wherein the electrical connector of the fastener element is to provide an electrical connection with the second fastener element upon the mechanical part of the fastener element being interlocked with the second fastener element, and wherein the electrical connection is broken upon the first mechanical part of the fastener element being separated from the second fastener element.

US Pat. No. 10,193,285

ELECTRICAL OUTLET HAVING MOVABLE POWER MODULE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical outlet structured to be electrically connected with a line conductor and a neutral conductor of an AC power source, the electrical outlet comprising:a base;
an electrical apparatus situated on the base;
the electrical apparatus comprising a power module situated on the base;
the power module having a plurality of electrical devices disposed thereon, at least a first electrical device of the plurality of electrical devices being an electrical output device that is structured to output electrical power;
the power module having an exterior surface, the exterior surface comprising a plurality of surface portions, each surface portion of at least some of the plurality of surface portions having at least a portion of at least a first electrical device of the plurality of electrical devices being situated adjacent thereto;
the power module being movable among a plurality of positions with respect to the base;
in each position of at least a plural quantity of the plurality of positions, a surface portion of the plurality of surface portions facing away from the base and the at least first electrical device situated adjacent the surface portion being electrically operable; and
wherein the at least first electrical device comprises at, least one of a Universal Serial Bus (USB) connector and a wireless charging apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,193,280

CONNECTOR WITH BI-DIRECTIONAL LATCH

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector with a bi-directional latching mechanism, comprising:a housing;
a plurality of terminals supported by the housing, the terminals including tail portions and contact portions for contacting opposing terminals of an opposing, mating connector, the terminal contact portions being disposed proximate to a mating end of the housing;
a shroud formed of a conductive material supported by the housing, the shroud enclosing the terminal contact portions and providing a conductive surface for mating with a shield of the opposing, mating connector; and
two latching members supported by the connector housing, each of the latching members including a base that is fixed in place with respect to the housing and a free end extending lengthwise from the base in a cantilevered fashion, the base and the free end being interconnected by an intervening body portion, wherein the latching members each include an actuating tab that extends vertically into contact with an actuation member of the housing such that translation of the actuation member causes the free ends to deflect vertically.

US Pat. No. 10,193,267

MULTIFUNCTION CONNECTOR

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. An elongated electrical connector for mating with a mating connector along a mating direction, the connector comprising:an elongated base extending along a longitudinal direction perpendicular to the mating direction and comprising a groove oriented along a thickness direction perpendicular to the mating and longitudinal directions, and a sliding portion configured to slide along the groove;
a bottom tongue extending forwardly along the mating direction from the base;
a top tongue extending forwardly along the mating direction from the sliding portion of the base and spaced apart from the bottom tongue along the thickness direction, the top tongue reversibly attachable to and removable from the connector by the sliding portion of the base sliding along the groove; and
a plurality of contacts disposed on the top and bottom tongues.

US Pat. No. 10,193,258

TWO PIECE CLEAN BODY FEMALE ELECTRIC TERMINAL

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. A female electrical terminal comprising:a contact piece including contact arms that extend from a contact base on opposite sides of a terminal axis in an insertion direction to respective arm ends, the contact piece also including at least one contact latch; and
a spring piece including spring arms that extend from a spring base on opposite sides of the terminal axis and bias the contact arms toward the terminal axis, the spring piece also including at least one engagement tab that extends from the spring base and includes a spring latch that is engaged with the contact latch to prevent movement of the spring piece relative to the contact piece in the insertion direction, wherein either:
(1) the engagement tab is cantilevered from the spring base; or
(2) the contact latch extends from the contact base away from the terminal axis, and the spring latch is an opening in the engagement tab.

US Pat. No. 10,193,257

CONNECTION TERMINAL

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A connection terminal comprising:a terminal main body that is made of a conductive material and has a female connector provided with a columnar internal space into which a male connector of a counter male terminal is inserted and a wire connector to which a conducting part of a wire is electrically connected; and
a contact member that is made of a conductive material, is accommodated into the internal space along a part in a circumferential direction of an inner circumferential face of the female connector and is electrically connected to the female connector, and is electrically connected to the male connector inserted into the internal space from an opening serving as a male terminal insertion port of the female connector,
wherein the contact member is formed along the part in the circumferential direction of the inner circumferential face of the female connector and includes at least one first locked part and at least one second locked part adjacent to each other and being extended at an edge of the contact member, and
the female connector includes a first locking part that is arranged at an edge thereof and on a side of the female connector in an insertion direction of the male connector into the internal space relative and adjacent to the first locked part of the contact member after completion of being accommodated into the internal space and that locks movement of the first locked part to the side in the insertion direction in order to maintain an accommodated state of the contact member in the internal space, and a second locking part that is arranged at an edge and on a side of the female connector in a removal direction of the male connector opposite to the insertion direction relative and adjacent to the second locked part of the contact member after the completion of being accommodated and that locks movement of the second locked part to the side in the removal direction in order to maintain the accommodated state of the contact member in the internal space.

US Pat. No. 10,193,212

DIGITAL TACHO GRAPH APPARATUS HAVING EMBEDDED RADIO FREQUENCY ANTENNA

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A digital tacho graph (DTG) apparatus for transmitting and receiving one or more different radio frequency (RF) signals through a wireless communication module and an RF antenna, the DTG apparatus comprising: a metal terminal having one end connected to a printed circuit board (PCB) pattern unit connected to the wireless communication module; the RF antenna, embedded inside the DTG apparatus, having one end connected to the other end of the metal terminal; and a front case unit, on which the other end of the RF antenna is formed by patterning, the front case unit serving as a front case of the DTG apparatus and enclosing the RF antenna inside the DTG apparatus wherein a PCB, on which the PCB pattern unit is formed, is disposed under the wireless communication module, the metal terminal, and the RF antenna, and the PCB pattern unit directly contacts the wireless communication module and the metal terminal, and is spaced apart from the RF antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,193,199

BATTERY SYSTEM

ARCIMOTO, INC., Eugene, ...

1. A battery enclosure, comprising:a pair of opposing enclosure portions that collectively define a battery region, each enclosure portion including:
a first segment that includes a plurality of fluid pathways spaced apart from each other, the first segment forming a notched region at a distal end of the first segment;
a second segment that joins the first segment at an interface opposite a distal end of the first segment, the second segment being orthogonal to the first segment, the second segment forming a flange at a distal end of the second segment opposite the interface;
a first wall interfacing with a first edge of the pair of opposing enclosure portions to further collectively define the battery region, an inner face of the first wall including a first set of a plurality of openings that are aligned with at least some of the plurality of fluid pathways of a first enclosure portion of the pair of enclosure portions along the first edge, the first wall including a second set of a plurality of openings that are aligned with at least some of the plurality of fluid pathways of a second enclosure portion of the pair of enclosure portions along the first edge, at least some of the first set of the plurality of openings and at least some of the second set of the plurality of openings joining each other within the first wall via fluid pathways formed therein; and
a second wall interfacing with a second edge of the pair of opposing enclosure portions opposite the first edge to further collectively define the battery region, an inner face of the second wall including a third set of a plurality of openings that are aligned with at least some of the plurality of fluid pathways of the first enclosure portion of the pair of enclosure portions along the second edge, the second wall including a fourth set of a plurality of openings that are aligned with at least some of the plurality of fluid pathways of the second enclosure portion of the pair of enclosure portions along the second edge, at least some of the third set of the plurality of openings and at least some of the fourth set of the plurality of openings joining each other within the second wall via fluid pathways formed therein;
wherein each notched region of each enclosure portion accommodates the flange of the other enclosure portion.

US Pat. No. 10,193,189

BATTERY CELL

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A battery cell comprising:an electrode assembly;
a pouch which wraps around the electrode assembly;
an electrode tab extending from the electrode assembly;
a lead tab attached to the electrode tab; and
a current interrupt device comprising a fusing unit and an insulating layer wrapping around the fusing unit,
wherein the fusing unit comprises a top surface and a bottom surface, wherein the top surface of the fusing unit is attached to a bottom surface of the lead tab, and the bottom surface of the fusing unit is attached to a top surface of the electrode tab, wherein the top surface of the fusing unit has a bond strength greater than that of the bottom surface of the fusing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,181

PRESSURIZATION DEVICE FOR BATTERY CELLS

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A pressurization device for battery cells, comprising:battery cells stacked in a thickness direction, wherein each of the battery cells has a flat shape in the thickness direction, and wherein each of the battery cells includes:
an exterior body made of a laminated film; and
a power generation element sealed with a liquid electrolyte inside the exterior body;
a housing accommodating the battery cells;
spacers arranged in the thickness direction, supported by the housing and forming bag shapes which have an expanded state and a contracted state in at least the thickness direction in accordance with fluid pressure of fluid sealed inside the spacers, wherein each of the battery cells contacts at least a portion of an adjacent spacer; and
a pressure supply passage used for supplying the fluid to the spacers from a fluid pressure source;
wherein when the spacers are in the contracted state, a space exists between adjacent battery cells, each space having a dimension in the thickness direction that is larger than a thickness of each of the battery cells; and
when the spacers are in the expanded state, each of the battery cells are pressurized in the thickness direction.

US Pat. No. 10,193,179

FUEL CELL STACK

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell stack, comprising:a stacked plurality of single cells each comprising a frame supporting a periphery of a membrane electrode assembly and a pair of separators holding the frame therebetween; and
a sealing member disposed between the plurality of single cells,
wherein the pair of separators comprises respective supporting portions which are in contact with the frame, in which a sealing member is disposed on one of the supporting portions, a supporting portion of one separator has a different size from a supporting portion of the other separator,
an overlapped portion is formed in which a base surface where the supporting portion of one separator is in contact with the frame is overlapped with a top surface where the supporting portion of the other separator is in contact with the frame in a stacking direction, and
the overlapped portion receives and transmits reaction force of the sealing member between the single cells.

US Pat. No. 10,193,177

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD THEREFOR

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A residual water purge control system for a fuel cell system having a fuel cell stack that generates electrical power by electrochemical reaction of fuel and oxidant, a residual water estimating apparatus, and a residual water purge control device, the residual water estimating apparatus comprising:a total generated electrical energy storage device that stores a value representing the total generated electrical energy of the fuel cell stack in the period from start-up to shutdown of power generation; and
a controller that is programmed to estimate a residual water volume that can be absorbed by a membrane electrode assembly of the fuel cell stack from a first control map that indicates a relationship between the residual water volume and said stored value in said total generated electrical energy storage device;
wherein when the stored value in said total generated electrical energy storage device is below a first prescribed level corresponding to a maximum of the residual water volume, said controller is programmed to estimate the residual water volume to be proportional to said stored value; and, when said stored value exceeds the first prescribed level, said controller is programmed to estimate the residual water volume to be inversely proportional to an increase in said stored value with respect to the first prescribed level; and
wherein when said stored value exceeds a second prescribed level larger than the first prescribed level, said controller estimates the residual water volume to be substantially constant; and
wherein the residual water purge control device is programmed to control a purging volume of the residual water purge control system based on the estimated residual water volume after the residual water has been estimated by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,193,170

FUEL CELL MODULE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel cell module comprising:a fuel cell stack comprising a plurality of fuel cells stacked, the fuel cells being configured to generate electrical energy by electrochemical reactions of a fuel gas and an oxygen-containing gas;
a reformer configured to reform raw fuel chiefly containing hydrocarbon to thereby produce the fuel gas supplied to the fuel cell stack;
an evaporator configured to evaporate water and supply water vapor to the reformer;
an exhaust gas combustor configured to combust the fuel gas discharged from the fuel cell stack as a fuel exhaust gas and the oxygen-containing gas discharged from the fuel cell stack as an oxygen-containing exhaust gas to thereby produce a combustion exhaust gas;
a start-up combustor configured to combust the raw fuel and the oxygen-containing gas to thereby produce a combustion gas; and
an air preheater configured to heat the oxygen-containing gas by heat exchange with one of the combustion gas and the combustion exhaust gas and supply the heated oxygen-containing gas to the fuel cell stack,
wherein the fuel cell module further comprises:
an oxygen-containing gas supply channel configured to supply the oxygen-containing gas to the air preheater and thereafter supply the oxygen-containing gas from the air preheater to the fuel cell stack;
a first fuel supply channel configured to supply the raw fuel to the start-up combustor;
a second fuel supply channel configured to supply the raw fuel to the evaporator and thereafter supply the raw fuel and the water vapor from the evaporator to the reformer;
a channel switching unit configured to selectively supply the raw fuel to either one of the first fuel supply channel and the second fuel supply channel;
a reactant exhaust gas channel configured to supply the fuel exhaust gas and the oxygen-containing exhaust gas discharged from the fuel cell stack, to the exhaust gas combustor; and
an exhaust gas channel extending from a combustion exhaust gas outlet of the exhaust gas combustor, wherein in the exhaust gas channel, the start-up combustor and the air preheater are arranged in an order of the start-up combustor and then the air preheater toward downstream side in a flow direction of the combustion exhaust gas,
wherein after the reformer is heated to a temperature at which the reformer can perform steam reforming and while the fuel cell stack is in a start-up operation before the fuel cell stack starts power generation, the channel switching unit, the reformer, the exhaust gas combustor, and the start-up combustor cause
the raw fuel and the water vapor to be supplied to the reformer through the second fuel supply channel to generate the fuel gas,
the oxygen-containing gas and the fuel gas discharged from the fuel cell stack to be supplied to the start-up combustor through the exhaust gas combustor,
a mixed gas of the oxygen-containing gas and the fuel gas to be ignited at the start-up combustor,
the combustion gas to be supplied to the air preheater to be produced, and
among the exhaust gas combustor and the start-up combustor, the oxygen-containing gas and the fuel gas discharged from the fuel cell stack to be combusted by only the start-up combustor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,112

MODULAR ENERGY STORAGE COMPONENT ENCLOSURE

Lockheed Martin Energy, L...

17. An energy storage component (ESC) enclosure comprising:a plurality of ESC modules, each ESC module including at least one side portion having a plurality of side fastening mechanisms configured to be coupled to an adjacent ESC module, wherein the plurality of ESC modules are coupled together via the plurality of side fastening mechanisms to form an ESC enclosure;
a plurality of shelving kits, each shelving kit mounted to one of the ESC modules;
a roof coupled to the plurality of ESC modules; and
a plurality of panels coupled to the plurality of ESC modules about a perimeter of the ESC enclosure to form a shared air space within the ESC enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,193,087

PEROVSKITE AND OTHER SOLAR CELL MATERIALS

HEE Solar, L.L.C., Dalla...

1. A photovoltaic device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode;
an active layer disposed at least partially between the first and second electrodes, the active layer comprising:
photoactive material comprising a perovskite material;
a first interfacial layer comprising NiO; and
a second interfacial layer comprising carbon nanotubes.

US Pat. No. 10,193,076

AMINE COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT COMPRISING SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

12. An organic light emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode provided opposite to the first electrode; and
one or more organic material layers provided between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein one or more layers of the organic material layers include the compound of claim 1.

US Pat. No. 10,193,072

PYRENE-BASED COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE COMPRISING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A pyrene-based compound represented by Formula 1;or a pyrene-based compound being one of Compounds 5, 7, 15, 17, 36, 37, and 45 below:


wherein, in Formula 1,
L1 and L2 are each independently selected from
a phenylene group, a pentalenylene group, an indenylene group, a naphthylene group, an azulenylene group, a heptalenylene group, an indacenylene group, an acenaphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-fluorenylene group, a phenalenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthrylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a naphthacenylene group, a picenylene group, a perylenylene group, a pentaphenylene group, a hexacenylene group, a pyrrolylene group, an imidazolylene group, a pyrazolylene group, a pyridinylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, an isoindolylene group, an indolylene group, an indazolylene group, a purinylene group, a quinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a phthalazinylene group, a naphthyridinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a phenanthridinylene group, an acridinylene group, a phenanthrolinylene group, a phenazinylene group, a benzooxazolylene group, a furanylene group, a benzofuranylene group, a thiophenylene group, a benzothiophenylene group, a thiazolylene group, an isothiazolylene group, a benzothiazolylene group, an isoxazolylene group, an oxazolylene group, a tetrazolylene group, a triazinylene group, a benzooxazolylene group, a benzocarbazolylene group, and a dibenzosilolylene group; each optionally substituted with at least one selected from
a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, and a C1-C20 alkoxy group,
a C1-C20 alkyl group and a C1-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, and a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof,
a C6-C20 aryl group, and
a C6-C20 aryl group each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a dimethylfluorenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, and an isoquinolinyl group;
R1 is one of the groups represented by Formulae 4-1(3), 4-2(1), 4-4(2), 4-4(3), 4-6(1), and 4-6(2):

wherein, in Formulae 4-1(3), 4-2(1), 4-4(2), 4-4(3), 4-6(1), and 4-6(2), Z11 and Z21 and Z21 to Z26 are each independently selected from
a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, and a C1-C20 alkoxy group,
a C1-C20 alkyl group and a C1-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, and a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof,
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, and an isoquinolinyl group,
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a guinolinyl group, and an isoguinolinyl group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a dimethylfluorenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, and an isoquinolinyl group, and
—Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15) (where Q13 to Q15 are each independently a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a dimethylfluorenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, or an isoquinolinyl group);
R2 is selected from
a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, and a C1-C20 alkoxy group,
a C1-C20 alkyl group and a C1-C20 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, and a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof,
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group,
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a dibenzopuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxyl group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a dimethylfluorenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, and an isoquinolinyl group, and
?Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5),
wherein Q3 to Q5 are each independently a C1-C20 alkyl group, a alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, an anthryl group, a fluorenyl group, a dimethylfluorenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyridatinyl group, a triatinyl group, a quinolinyl group, or an isoquinolinyl group;
a1 and b1 are each independently an integer from 1 to 5; and
a2 and b2 are each independently an integer from 0 to 5.

US Pat. No. 10,193,070

ELECTROACTIVE MATERIALS

E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AN...

1. A compound having Formula Iwherein:R1 and R2 are the same or different at each occurrence and are selected from the group consisting of alkyl, silyl, germyl, hydrocarbon aryl, N-heteroaryl, O-heteroaryl, S-heteroaryl, N,O-heteroaryl, and deuterated analogs thereof;
R3 and R4 are the same or different at each occurrence and are selected from the group consisting of alkoxy, siloxy, siloxane, alkenylaryl, aryloxy, deuterated alkoxy, deuterated siloxy, deuterated siloxane, deuterated alkenylaryl, and deuterated aryloxy;
a is an integer from 1-4; and
b is an integer from 0-4;
wherein the N-heteroaryl is derived from a compound selected from the group consisting of pyrrole, pyridine, pyrimidine, carbazole, imidazole, benzimidazole, imidazolobenzimidazole, triazole, benzotriazole, triazolopyridine, indole, indolocarbazole, phenanthroline, quinoline, isoquinoline, quinoxaline, substituted derivatives thereof, and deuterated analogs thereof;
wherein the O-heteroaryl is derived from a compound selected from the group consisting of furan, benzofuran, dibenzofuran, substituted derivatives thereof, and deuterated analogs thereof;
wherein the S-heteroaryl is derived from a compound selected form the group consisting of thiophene, benzothiophene, dibenzothiophene, substituted derivatives thereof, and deuterated analogs thereof; and
wherein the N,O-heteroaryl is derived from a compound selected from the group consisting of oxazole, benzoxazole, phenoxazine, substituted derivatives thereof, and deuterated analogs thereof;
wherein the substituted derivatives have substituents selected from the group consisting of D, alkyl, silyl, germyl, aryl, deuterated alkyl, deuterated silyl, deuterated germyl, and deuterated aryl.

US Pat. No. 10,193,065

HIGH K SCHEME TO IMPROVE RETENTION PERFORMANCE OF RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (RRAM)

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. An integrated circuit of a resistive random access memory (RRAM) cell, the integrated circuit comprising:a bottom diffusion barrier layer, wherein a width of the bottom diffusion barrier layer decreases from top to bottom;
a bottom electrode overlying the bottom diffusion barrier layer;
a data storage region having a variable resistance and arranged over the bottom electrode;
a diffusion barrier layer arranged over the data storage region;
an ion reservoir region arranged over the diffusion barrier layer;
a top electrode arranged over the ion reservoir region;
a hard mask layer over the top electrode; and
an insulating layer extending conformally from contact with a sidewall of the bottom diffusion barrier layer to contact with a top surface of the hard mask layer, wherein the insulating layer is overhung by the bottom diffusion barrier layer and has a bottom surface even with that of the bottom diffusion barrier layer.

US Pat. No. 10,193,059

PERPENDICULARLY MAGNETIZED SPIN-ORBIT MAGNETIC DEVICE

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A perpendicularly magnetized spin-orbit magnetic device, comprising:a heavy metal layer;
a magnetic tunnel junction, disposed on the heavy metal layer;
a first antiferromagnetic layer;
a first block layer, disposed between the magnetic tunnel junction and the first antiferromagnetic layer; and
a first stray field applying layer, disposed between the first antiferromagnetic layer and the first block layer, and providing a stray magnetic field parallel to a film plane,
wherein the heavy metal layer is disposed on the first block layer, and the first block layer is disposed on the first stray field applying layer,
wherein the heavy metal layer and the first block layer have a same first film plane area, and the magnetic tunnel junction has a second film plane area, wherein the first film plane area is greater than the second film plane area,
wherein the first antiferromagnetic layer contacts the first stray field applying layer to define a direction of a magnetic moment in the first stray field applying layer.

US Pat. No. 10,193,050

HANDLE FOR A COOKING VESSEL, COMPRISING A LATENT HEAT SINK

SEB S.A., Ecully (FR)

1. A handle for a cooking vessel or lid that comprises at least one thermoelectric generator, wherein the thermoelectric generator comprises at least one first contact surface connected thermally to a heat sink, and the heat sink is comprised of a material that undergoes a phase transition when the material is heated to temperatures of 50° C. to 70° C.,wherein the heat sink fills a cavity of the handle with a heat diffuser comprising one or more rods that extend through the heat sink.

US Pat. No. 10,193,039

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT MOUNTING BASE MEMBER, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE USING THE LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT MOUNTING BASE MEMBER, LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT MOUNTING BASE MEMBER, LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT MOUNTING BASE MEM

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A light emitting element mounting base member comprising:recesses formed on at least one surface of the light emitting element mounting base member;
a plurality of electrical conductor cores;
a plurality of light-reflecting insulating members that each cover a lateral surface of each of the electrical conductor cores; and
a light blocking resin that is disposed between the insulating members,
wherein the light blocking resin exposes one or more upper surfaces of the electrical conductor cores, one or more lower surfaces of the electrical conductor cores, and the insulating members disposed around the one or more upper surfaces and the one or more lower surfaces of the electrical conductor cores, and
the light blocking resin serves as lateral surfaces of recesses.

US Pat. No. 10,193,028

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a resin package comprising:
a plurality of leads that includes:
a first lead having an upper surface, and
a second lead having an upper surface, and
a resin body that includes:
a first resin portion having at least one inner lateral wall surface,
a second resin portion,
a third resin portion disposed between the first lead and the second lead and having an upper surface, and
a resin connection portion,
the plurality of leads and the at least one inner lateral wall surface of the first resin portion defining a recess,
the upper surface of the first lead, the upper surface of the second lead and the upper surface of the third resin portion located at a bottom of the recess,
at the bottom of the recess, the second resin portion being in contact with a portion of the upper surface of the third resin portion and surrounding an element mounting region, and
the resin connection portion connecting the first resin portion and the second resin portion at the bottom of the recess;
at least one light emitting element disposed on the element mounting region at the bottom of the recess of the resin package; and
a light-reflective member disposed between the inner lateral wall surface and the second resin portion in the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,193,021

SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SAME

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A semiconductor light-emitting element comprising:a first semiconductor layer of a first conductivity type and having a composition of GaN;
a light-emitting functional layer including a light-emitting layer formed on the first semiconductor layer; and
a second semiconductor layer that is of a conductivity type opposite to the conductivity type of the first semiconductor layer and is formed on the light-emitting functional layer,
wherein:
the light-emitting layer includes a base layer with a plurality of base segments that have a composition subject to stress from the first semiconductor layer and are formed in a random net shape, and a quantum well structure layer including at least one quantum well layer each having a composition of InGaN and at least one barrier layer that are formed on the base layer, and
the base layer includes a first sub-base layer, a trench that partitions the first sub-base layer for each of the plurality of base segments, and a second sub-base layer formed to bury the first sub-base layer, the first sub-base layer having a composition of AlGaN, and the second sub-base layer being formed from AlGaN that has an Al composition that is greater than an Al composition of the first sub-base layer.

US Pat. No. 10,193,013

LED STRUCTURES FOR REDUCED NON-RADIATIVE SIDEWALL RECOMBINATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A light emitting diode (LED) comprising:a p-n diode layer including:
a top doped layer doped with a first dopant type;
a bottom doped layer doped with a second dopant type opposite the first dopant type; and
an active layer between the top doped layer and the bottom doped layer; and
p-n diode layer sidewalls spanning the top doped layer, the active layer, and the bottom doped layer; and
a semiconductor passivation layer formed on the p-n diode layer sidewalls spanning the top doped layer, the active layer, and the bottom doped layer, wherein the semiconductor passivation layer spans underneath the bottom doped layer and completely covers a bottom surface of the bottom doped layer.

US Pat. No. 10,193,008

LIGHTER THAN AIR VEHICLE

BAE Systems Plc, London ...

1. A lighter than air vehicle comprising:an envelope containing a lighter than air gas, at least part of the envelope admitting the passage of light therethrough;
a plurality of devices for receiving the light;
a directing device for selectively redirecting the light which passes through the at least part of the envelope; and
the directing device for selectively redirecting the light being configured to operate in either a first mode of operation or a second mode of operation;
the directing device for selectively redirecting the light being configured to be changed from operating in its first mode of operation to operating in its second mode of operation;
the directing device for selectively redirecting the light being configured to, when operating in its first mode of operation, direct the light onto a first device of the plurality of devices for receiving light and not onto a second device of the plurality of devices for receiving light, the second device being a different device to the first device; and
the directing device for selectively redirecting the light being configured to, when operating in its second mode of operation, direct the light onto the second device and not onto the first device.

US Pat. No. 10,192,977

POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A power semiconductor device controlling a current between an emitter electrode and a collector electrode with a voltage applied to a gate electrode, the device comprising:a first-conductive-type first base region having a first principal surface and a second principal surface opposite to the first principal surface;
a second-conductive-type second base region disposed on the first principal surface of the first base region;
at least three groove parts parallel to each other disposed from a surface of the second base region through the second base region to the first base region, the groove parts including a first groove part and a third groove part arranged with a second groove part interposed therebetween;
insulating films covering inner walls of the respective groove parts;
conductive trench gates filled on the insulating films;
a first-conductive-type emitter region disposed in the second base region between the first groove part and the second groove part to be in contact with the first groove part, the first-conductive-type emitter region being electrically connected to the emitter electrode; and
a second-conductive-type collector region disposed on the second principal surface of the first base region,
wherein the first-conductive-type emitter region is not formed in the second base region between the second groove part and the third groove part,
the third groove part does not have a first-conductive-type emitter region in contact therewith,
wherein the trench gates embedded in the first groove part and the third groove part are electrically connected to the gate electrode, and
wherein the trench gate embedded in the second groove part is electrically connected to the emitter electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,192,956

METHOD FOR PRODUCING FIN STRUCTURES OF A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE IN A SUBSTRATE

IMEC VZW, Leuven (BE)

1. A structure comprisinga semiconductor substrate comprising a shallow trench isolation layer stack on a side thereof;
a patterned hard mask layer on and protruding from the shallow trench isolation layer stack, and corresponding to a fin area, wherein the patterned hard mask layer comprises a layer stack of a silicon nitride sublayer on top of a SiO2 sublayer in the fin area, and comprises the SiO2 sublayer without the silicon nitride sublayer outside the fin area; and
a filling layer abutting a planar front surface of and embedding the patterned hard mask layer, wherein the filling layer is further patterned according to a striped pattern in the fin area.

US Pat. No. 10,192,948

AMOLED DISPLAY DEVICE AND ARRAY SUBSTRATE THEREOF

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. An array substrate of an AMOLED display device, comprising a baseplate, a surface-shaped power line, a point-shaped power line, and a plurality of insulating layers arranged between the surface-shaped power line and the point-shaped power line,wherein the surface-shaped power line and the point-shaped power line are configured to provide a positive polarity power source to a light-emitting diode; and
wherein the surface-shaped power line is formed on the baseplate, the point-shaped power line is formed on the plurality of insulating layers, and the surface-shaped power line and the point-shaped power line are electrically connected to each other through a via hole;
further comprising a metal lead wire formed on an edge area thereof, wherein the metal lead wire is used for leading a power source signal to the surface-shaped power line;
wherein the metal lead wire and the point-shaped power line are arranged in a same layer, and the metal lead wire and the surface-shaped power line are electrically connected to each other through a via hole.

US Pat. No. 10,192,946

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a first substrate over which a transistor, a first light-emitting element, a second light-emitting element, and a third light-emitting element are provided;
a second substrate over which a shielding film is provided; and
a filling material between the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the first light-emitting element comprises a first electroluminescent layer that emits green light,
wherein the second light-emitting element comprises a second electroluminescent layer that emits red light,
wherein the third light-emitting element comprises a third electroluminescent layer that emits blue light,
wherein the first electroluminescent layer and the second electroluminescent layer are over a partition,
wherein the first light-emitting element is directly connected to a first region of a wiring,
wherein the wiring is directly connected to a drain electrode of the transistor,
wherein the first light-emitting element comprises a light-emitting region,
wherein the light-emitting region is over the first region of the wiring,
wherein the first electroluminescent layer comprises a second region which is over and in contact with the second electroluminescent layer,
wherein the first electroluminescent layer comprises a third region which is over and in contact with the third electroluminescent layer, and
wherein the second region overlaps the shielding film.

US Pat. No. 10,192,943

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR SUBSTRATE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Jhu...

1. An OLED display device, comprising:a thin film transistor substrate, comprising:
a substrate; and
plural thin film transistor units disposed on the substrate and respectively comprising:
an active layer disposed on the substrate and made of polysilicon;
a first insulating layer disposed on the active layer;
a source electrode and a drain electrode disposed on the first insulating layer;
a metal layer disposed on the first insulating layer; and
a second insulating layer disposed on the metal layer,
wherein the metal layer has plural first protrusions at a top surface of the metal layer, the second insulating layer comprises a first region corresponding to the active layer and a second region corresponding to a region outside the active layer, and a roughness of a top surface of the first region is greater than a roughness of a top surface of the second region;
an OLED unit electrically connected to one of the plural thin film transistor units, wherein the OLED unit comprises a first electrode;
a pixel defining layer disposed on the first electrode, wherein the pixel defining layer has a pixel opening corresponding to the first electrode; and
a spacer disposed on the pixel defining layer and corresponding to a region outside the pixel opening.

US Pat. No. 10,192,924

IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE AND IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. An imaging device comprising:a substrate;
a first photoelectric conversion region disposed in the substrate;
a second photoelectric conversion region disposed in the substrate, the second photoelectric conversion region being adjacent to the first photoelectric conversion region;
a third photoelectric conversion region disposed in the substrate, the third photoelectric conversion being adjacent to the second photoelectric conversion region;
a first trench disposed between the first photoelectric conversion region and the second photoelectric conversion region; and
a second trench disposed between the second photoelectric conversion region and the third photoelectric conversion region,
wherein an area of the first photoelectric conversion region is larger than an area of the second photoelectric conversion region in a cross-sectional view,
wherein, in the cross-sectional view, the first trench extends a first distance along a first sidewall of the first photoelectric conversion region, wherein the first distance is taken along the first side wall from a first light receiving surface of the first photoelectric conversion region to an end of the first trench,
wherein, in the cross-sectional view, the second trench extends a second distance along a second sidewall of the second photoelectric conversion region, wherein the second distance is taken along the second sidewall from a second light receiving surface of the second photoelectric conversion region to an end of the second trench, and
wherein the first distance is greater than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 10,192,904

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A manufacturing method of an array substrate, comprising:forming, on a base substrate and via one patterning process, a transparent conductive pattern layer, a pattern layer including a pixel electrode, and a pattern layer including a gate electrode and a gate line, the transparent conductive pattern lying in a same level as the pixel electrode;
on the substrate with the pattern layer including the gate electrode and the gate line formed thereon, through one patterning process or two patterning processes, forming a gate insulating layer, a pattern layer at least including a metal oxide semiconductor active layer and a pattern layer at least including an etch stop layer, wherein the etch stop layer comprises a first portion which is, along a gate line direction, between a second via hole and a third via hole that are located on two sided of the gate electrode; wherein, a first via hole for exposing the pixel electrode is formed over the pixel electrode; and
on the substrate with the etch stop layer formed thereon, through one patterning process, forming a pattern layer including a source electrode, a drain electrode and a data line, wherein, the source electrode and the drain electrode each contact with the metal oxide semiconductor active layer, and the drain electrode and the pixel electrode are electrically connected through the first via hole.

US Pat. No. 10,192,893

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, in a peripheral region outside a display region, comprising a plurality of signal lines, a plurality of connecting lines above the signal lines, and a driving module, the connecting lines being configured for connecting the signal lines and the driving module, to transmit signals from the signal lines to the driving module, wherein, each of the signal lines comprises a first electrode line layer and a second electrode line layer above the first electrode line layer,wherein, a first insulating layer is arranged between the first electrode line layer and the second electrode line layer, a second insulating layer is arranged above the second electrode line layer,
wherein, at least one of the signal lines is insulated from and intersected with the at least one of the connecting lines in a plan view of the array substrate; the second electrode line layer of the at least one of the signal lines is discontinuous at an intersection of the at least one of the signal lines and the at least one of the connecting lines in the plan view of the array substrate; and the second electrode line layer of at least one of the signal lines is not overlapped with the at least one of the connecting lines in the plan view of the array substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,192,892

ACTIVE MATRIX BACKPLANE FORMED USING THIN FILM OPTOCOUPLERS

Palo Alto Research Center...

1. A device comprising:a backplane, comprising:
multiple output terminals arranged on an output surface of the backplane;
an optocoupler active matrix array, comprising:
thin film solid state optical switches coupled respectively between an input terminal of the backplane and the output terminals, the optical switches and the output terminals arranged in an array; and
storage capacitors coupled respectively to the output terminals; and
a pixelated light source configured to provide pixelated light that controls the optical switches.

US Pat. No. 10,192,884

BUTTED BODY CONTACT FOR SOI TRANSISTOR

pSemi Corporation, San D...

1. A semiconductor structure comprising:a first gate polysilicon structure defining a first body region, the first body region having a first conductivity type;
a second gate polysilicon structure defining a second body region, the second body region having the first conductivity type;
a first drain region adjacent to the first body region having a second conductivity type;
a first source region adjacent to the first body region having the second conductivity type;
a second source region adjacent to the second body region having the second conductivity type;
a second drain region adjacent to the second body region having the second conductivity type,
the first source region and the second drain region defining a first common source/drain region having the second conductivity type;
a first non-conductive isolation region configured to form an interruption in the second body region to divide the second body region in two separate second body regions;
at least one first body contact region of the first conductivity type formed within the first common source/drain region separate from the first and the second body regions and abutting the first non-conductive isolation region; and
at least one first body tab of the first conductivity type extending across the first common source/drain region in contact with the first body region and the at least one first body contact region,
wherein the first non-conductive isolation region, the at least one first body contact region and the at least one first body tab define a first butted body tie structure.

US Pat. No. 10,192,881

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a substrate comprising a source region portion;
gate stacks disposed on the substrate and spaced apart from each other in a first direction, with a separation region directly contacting the source region portion of the substrate and interposed between the gate stacks, the source region portion of the substrate being disposed between the separation region and regions of the substrate not within the source region portion;
channel regions penetrating through the gate stacks and disposed within each of the gate stacks; and
a guide region adjacent to the separation region, penetrating through at least a portion of one of the gate stacks, and having a bent portion that is bent toward the separation region;
wherein the channel regions are disposed in channel openings that penetrate through the gate stacks,
the guide region is disposed in a guide opening that penetrates through at least the portion of the one of the gate stacks,
the separation region is disposed in a separation opening that penetrates through the gate stacks, and
a width of the separation opening is greater than a width of each of the guide opening and the channel openings,
wherein the guide opening is closer to the separation region than the channel openings, and an upper portion of the guide opening is spaced apart from an upper portion of the separation region.

US Pat. No. 10,192,872

MEMORY DEVICE HAVING ELECTRICALLY FLOATING BODY TRANSISTOR

Zeno Semiconductor, Inc.,...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a semiconductor memory array comprising:
a plurality of semiconductor memory cells arranged in a matrix of rows and columns, wherein each said semiconductor memory cell includes:
a floating body region configured to be charged to a level indicative of a state of the memory cell selected from at least first and second states;
a first region in electrical contact with said floating body region; and
a back-bias region configured to maintain a charge in said floating body region;
wherein said first region, said floating body region, and said back-bias region form a bipolar transistor where the product of forward emitter gain and impact ionization efficiency of said bipolar transistor approaches unity;
wherein said back bias region is commonly connected to at least two of said memory cells,
wherein said back bias region has a lower band gap than a band gap of said floating body region; and
a control circuit configured to provide electrical signals to said back bias region.

US Pat. No. 10,192,857

DIRECT BANDGAP SEMICONDUCTOR BONDED TO SILICON PHOTONICS

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A method comprising:receiving an assembly comprising a silicon photonics (SiP) wafer bonded to a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) wafer, wherein the SiP wafer includes photonics circuitry and the CMOS wafer includes electronic circuitry; and
after receiving the assembly:
bonding a direct bandgap (DBG) semiconductor structure to the SiP wafer such that the SiP wafer is disposed between the CMOS wafer and the DBG semiconductor structure;
optically coupling the direct bandgap (DBG) semiconductor structure to the photonics circuitry; and
electrically connecting the DBG semiconductor structure to the electronic circuitry of the CMOS wafer.

US Pat. No. 10,192,838

FABRICATION METHOD OF PACKAGING SUBSTRATE

Siliconware Precision Ind...

1. A fabrication method of a packaging substrate, comprising:providing a base body having at least a conductive pad on a surface thereof and a dielectric layer formed on the surface of the base body and at least a first opening formed in the dielectric layer for exposing the conductive pad;
forming at least a second opening in the dielectric layer around a periphery of the first opening, wherein the second opening is spaced apart from the first opening, and the second opening is free from being located directly above the conductive pad;
after forming the second opening in the dielectric layer around the periphery of the first opening, forming a metal layer on the dielectric layer and the conductive pad, allowing the metal layer to extend to only a part of a sidewall of the second opening without covering an entire surface of the second opening; and
forming at least a solder bump on the metal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,192,831

FAN-OUT SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE MODULE

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A fan-out semiconductor package module comprising:a core member having first and second through-holes spaced apart from each other and one or more slits;
a semiconductor chip disposed in the first through-hole and having an active surface having connection pads disposed thereon and an inactive surface opposing the active surface;
one or more first passive components disposed in the second through-hole;
an encapsulant encapsulating at least portions of each of the core member, the inactive surface of the semiconductor chip, and the one or more first passive components;
a connection member disposed on the core member, the active surface of the semiconductor chip, and the one or more first passive components and including redistribution layers electrically connected to the connection pads and the one or more first passive component; and
first metal layers filling the one or more slits,
wherein at least one of the one or more slits is formed between the first and second through-holes.

US Pat. No. 10,192,828

METAL GATE TRANSISTOR

SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURI...

1. A metal gate transistor, comprising:a semiconductor substrate;
a metal gate structure and a first dielectric layer formed on the semiconductor substrate;
source/drain regions formed in the semiconductor substrate on sides of the metal gate structure;
an etch stop layer formed on a top surface of the metal gate structure with a top surface leveled with a top surface of the first dielectric layer;
an etch stop sidewall formed on each side of the metal gate structure with a top surface leveled with the top surface of the first dielectric layer; an offset spacer on each side of the metal gate structure between the etch stop sidewall and the metal gate structure, and a contact-via etch stop layer on the semiconductor substrate and the sidewall of the offset space; and
a contact plug formed in the first dielectric layer to electrically connect to each source/drain region formed in the semiconductor substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,192,810

UNDERFILL MATERIAL FLOW CONTROL FOR REDUCED DIE-TO-DIE SPACING IN SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A semiconductor apparatus, comprising:first and second semiconductor dies, each having a surface with an integrated circuit thereon coupled to contact pads of an uppermost metallization layer of a common semiconductor package substrate by a plurality of conductive contacts, the first and second semiconductor dies laterally adjacent to one another and separated by a spacing;
a barrier structure disposed between the first semiconductor die and the common semiconductor package substrate and at least partially underneath the first semiconductor die; and
an underfill material layer in contact with the second semiconductor die and with the barrier structure, but not in contact with the first semiconductor die, wherein the underfill material layer is disposed on and over an uppermost surface of the barrier structure at a location of a highest point of the uppermost surface of the barrier structure above the common semiconductor package substrate but is not on a portion of the uppermost surface of the barrier structure underneath the first semiconductor die.

US Pat. No. 10,192,798

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DIE HAVING A SPLIT SOLDER PAD

EM Microelectronic-Marin ...

1. An electronic system, comprising:an integrated circuit die having:
at least two bond pads, and
a redistribution layer having:
at least one solder pad comprising a first and second portion being separated from each other to provide a separation space between the first and second portion and being configured to provide an electrical connection between each of the first and second portion by a solder ball disposed on the at least one solder pad, and to electrically isolate the first and second portion in an absence of the solder ball on the at least one solder pad, and
at least two redistribution wires, each connecting a different one of the first and second portion to a different one of the at least two bond pads, a second bond pad of the at least two bond pads being connected via a second redistribution wire of the at least two redistribution wires to a second portion of the first and second portion of the at least one solder pad being dedicated to testing the integrated circuit die; and
a grounded printed circuit board track,
wherein the solder ball is disposed between the at least one solder pad and the grounded printed circuit board track, and
wherein no redistribution wires traverse the separation space between the first and second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,192,790

SRAM DEVICES AND FABRICATION METHODS THEREOF

SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURI...

1. A method for fabricating a static random-access memory (SRAM) device, comprising:providing a base substrate including a pull up (PU) transistor region and a pull down (PD) transistor region adjacent to the PU transistor region;
forming a gate dielectric layer on a portion of the base substrate in the PU transistor region and the PD transistor region;
forming a first work function (WF) layer using a P-type WF material on the gate dielectric layer;
removing a portion of the first WF layer formed in the PD transistor region;
forming a second WF layer using a P-type WF material on a remaining portion of the first WF layer in the PU transistor region and on the gate dielectric layer in the PD transistor region;
removing a portion of the second WF layer formed in the PD transistor region;
forming a third WF layer using an N-type WF material on a top surface and a sidewall surface of a remaining portion of the second WF layer in the PU transistor region, a sidewall surface of the remaining portion of the first WF layer in the PU transistor region, and the gate dielectric layer in the PD transistor region; and
forming a gate electrode layer on the third WF layer.

US Pat. No. 10,192,768

SHEET FOR SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING

LINTEC CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A semiconductor processing sheet, the sheet comprising a base material and a pressure sensitive adhesive layer laminated on at least one surface of the base material,the pressure sensitive adhesive layer being formed of a pressure sensitive adhesive composition, the pressure sensitive adhesive composition containing a polymer having an effective amount of a salt to provide antistatic properties during semiconductor processing and an energy ray curable group, and an energy ray curable pressure sensitive adhesive component excluding the polymer,
a content of the polymer in the pressure sensitive adhesive composition being 0.5 to 30 mass %, and
a weight-average molecular weight of the polymer being 30,000 to 200,000.

US Pat. No. 10,192,762

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING THE EXISTENCE OF ONE OR MORE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS WITHIN A SUBSTRATE PROCESSING SYSTEM

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A method for operating a substrate processing cluster tool, comprising:positioning a substrate storage cassette at least partially within a factory interface of the substrate processing cluster tool, the substrate storage cassette defining an interior volume dimensioned and arranged to receive one or more substrates;
sensing, with a plurality of sensors, at least one condition including temperature within the substrate storage cassette, an elapsed time between termination of a first process involving the substrate storage cassette and initiation of a second process involving the substrate storage cassette, a concentration of one or more airborne contaminants within at least one of the substrate storage cassette or the factory interface, or a humidity within the substrate storage cassette; and
responsive to a sensed condition generating an alert and performing a corrective operation involving the substrate storage cassette.

US Pat. No. 10,192,751

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ULTRAHIGH SELECTIVE NITRIDE ETCH

LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION,...

1. A method for selectively etching a silicon nitride layer on a substrate, comprising:arranging the substrate on a substrate support of a substrate processing chamber,
wherein the substrate processing chamber includes an upper chamber region, an inductive coil arranged outside of the upper chamber region, a lower chamber region including the substrate support and a gas dispersion device arranged between the upper chamber region and the lower chamber region, and
wherein the gas dispersion device includes a plurality of holes in fluid communication with the upper chamber region and the lower chamber region;
supplying an etch gas mixture to the upper chamber region;
striking inductively coupled plasma in the upper chamber region by supplying power to the inductive coil, wherein the etch gas mixture etches silicon nitride, promotes silicon dioxide passivation and promotes polysilicon passivation;
selectively etching the silicon nitride layer on the substrate;
extinguishing the inductively coupled plasma after a predetermined period; and
after the selectively etching, dry cleaning the substrate by supplying a dry clean gas mixture to the substrate processing chamber and striking plasma in the substrate processing chamber for another predetermined period.

US Pat. No. 10,192,745

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A LAYER STACK FROM A P+-SUBSTRATE, A P?-LAYER, AN N?-LAYER AND A THIRD LAYER

3-5 Power Electronics Gmb...

1. A method for manufacturing a layer stack from a p+-substrate, a p?-layer, an n?-layer and a third layer, the method comprising:providing the p+-substrate with a dopant concentration of 5*1018-5*1020cm?3 and a layer thickness of 50-900 microns, and comprising a GaAs compound;
providing the p?-layer with a dopant concentration of 1014-1016 cm?3 and a layer thickness of 0.01-1 micron, and comprising a GaAs compound;
providing the n?-layer with a dopant concentration of 1014-1016 cm?3, a layer thickness of 10-200 microns, and comprising a GaAs compound;
producing a first partial stack and a second partial stack, an upper side of the first partial stack is integrally bonded with an upper side of the second partial stack via wafer bonding to manufacture the layer stack, the first partial stack comprising at least the p+-substrate, the second partial stack comprising at least the n?-layer;
producing the p?-layer via epitaxy or implantation on an upper side of the p+-substrate or via epitaxy on the n?-layer, the p?-layer forming the upper side of the first partial stack or of the second partial stack;
producing the third layer prior to or after the wafer bonding;
producing the n?-layer after the wafer bonding by abrading an n?-substrate and at least partially forming the second partial stack or producing the n?-layer before the wafer bonding on an n+-substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,192,734

SHORT INORGANIC TRISILYLAMINE-BASED POLYSILAZANES FOR THIN FILM DEPOSITION

Air Liquide Advanced Mate...

1. A silicon-containing film forming composition comprising a precursor selected from the group consisting of:[(SiR3)2NSiH2]m—NH2-m—C?N, with m=1 or 2;  (a)
[(SiR3)2NSiH2]n—NL3-n,with n=2 or 3;  (b)
(SiH3)2NSiH2—O—SiH2N(SiH3)2; and  (c)
(SiR?3)2N—SiH2—N(SiR?3)2;  (d)whereineach R is independently selected from H, a dialkylamino group having the formula NR1R2, or an amidinate,
Each R? is independently selected from H, a dialkylamino group having the formula NR1R2, or an amidinate, with the provision that all R? are not H,
R1 and R2 are independently selected from H or a C1-C12 hydrocarbyl group, with the provision that R1 and R2 cannot be simultaneously equal to H, and that if R1 is H, then R2 is a C2-C12 hydrocarbyl group, and NR? R2 may together form an N-containing heterocyclic ligand, and
L is selected from H or a C1-C6 hydrocarbyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,192,727

ELECTRODYNAMIC MASS ANALYSIS

Varian Semiconductor Equi...

1. An electrodynamic mass analysis system, comprising:an ion source;
an electrode assembly to extract a pulse of ions from the ion source; and
a deflector to receive the pulse of ions after the ions travel a predetermined distance from the electrode assembly, the deflector comprising two curved electrodes disposed on opposite sides of a path of the ions;
a plate having a resolving aperture disposed at an output end of the deflector;
wherein the deflector deflects the ions in accordance with an arrival time, such that only ions arriving during a predetermined time interval are guided through the deflector, and exit the deflector through the resolving aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,192,718

PLASMA PROCESSING APPARATUS AND PLASMA PROCESSING METHOD

HITACHI HIGH-TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A plasma processing method to perform plasma processing using a plasma processing apparatus having a vacuum chamber; a first radio-frequency power supply which supplies first radio-frequency power for generating plasma in the vacuum chamber; a sample stage disposed in the vacuum chamber on which a sample is mounted; a second radio-frequency power supply which supplies second radio-frequency power to the sample stage; and a matching box which performs matching for suppressing reflection of the second radio-frequency power, the method comprising the steps of:time-modulating the first radio-frequency power and the second radio-frequency power;
acquiring with the matching box information being used for performing the matching during a sampling effective period which is from a point of time after elapse of a prescribed time until an end of on-state of the time-modulated second radio-frequency power; and
matching with the matching box using the acquired information to suppress reflection of the second radio-frequency power,
wherein the prescribed time starts from a beginning of an on-state of the time-modulated second radio-frequency power and the information being used for performing the matching is not acquired during the prescribed time.

US Pat. No. 10,192,715

MEASUREMENT OF THE ELECTRIC CURRENT PROFILE OF PARTICLE CLUSTERS IN GASES AND IN A VACUUM

1. A Faraday detector to measure the electric current profile of clusters of electrically charged particles, comprising:a detector electrode having structural elements in a bipolar arrangement of two groups, where neighboring structural elements have opposite polarities and structural elements with the same polarity are electrically connected, and bordering a gas-filled or evacuated space;
at least one voltage supply which is connected with the two groups of structural elements and supplies the two groups of structural elements simultaneously with different electric potentials such that charged particles originating from the space are substantially all deflected onto one of the two groups of structural elements having one polarity; and
a set of measurement electronics which is configured to separately measure current profiles at the structural elements of both polarities and to generate a differential signal by subtracting the current profiles to leave only a particle current profile.

US Pat. No. 10,192,688

ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR AND METHOD FOR IMPROVED ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR ANODES

COMPOSITE MATERIAL TECHNO...

1. A process for forming an electrolytic device comprising the steps of:(a) providing multiple components of a valve metal in a billet of a ductile material;
(b) working the billet to a series of reduction steps to form said valve metal components into elongated components;
(c) cutting the elongated components from step b), and leaching the ductile metal from the elongated components releasing elongated elements formed of the valve metal;
(d) washing the elongated elements from step c) with water and mixing the washed elongated elements with water to form a slurry in which the elements are evenly distributed;
(e) drying the elongated washed elements to form dried elongated washed elements;
(f) mixing the dried elongated washed elements from step (e) with electrically conductive particles in powder form, and agglomerating the mixture of dried elongated washed elements and electrically conductive particles;
(g) assembling, pressing and sintering the agglomerated mixture of dried elongated washed elements and electrically conductive particles into an electrolytic device.

US Pat. No. 10,192,677

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LEAKAGE MONITORING FOR OIL-IMMERSED ELECTRICAL TRANSFORMERS

ABB Inc., Cary, NC (US)

1. A method of monitoring for oil leakage from an oil-immersed electrical transformer comprising:measuring, using at least a top-oil temperature sensor, a top-oil temperature of an oil of the oil-immersed electrical transformer;
measuring, using at least a temperature sensor, an ambient temperature;
measuring, using at least a current sensor, a winding current of at least one winding of the oil-immersed electrical transformer;
communicating, using a communication interface that is configured for interfacing with the top-oil temperature sensor, the temperature sensor, and the current sensor, online measurements comprising the ambient temperature measurement, the top-oil temperature measurement, and the winding current measurement;
determining, by a processing circuit, characteristic values for first and second parameters of a transformer top-oil temperature model, wherein the first parameter represents a top-oil temperature rise over ambient temperature and the second parameter represents an oil time constant, and wherein the characteristic values for the first and second parameters comprises at least one of pre-configured factory values and collected historical measurements;
estimating, by the processing circuit and using at least the determined characteristic values for the first and second parameters with the transformer top-oil temperature model, a top-oil temperature;
comparing, by the processing circuit, the estimated top-oil temperature to the on-line measurements;
fitting, by the processing circuit and in response to the comparison of the estimated top-oil temperature to the on-line measurements and in an iterative optimization process, the first and second parameters to obtain fitted characteristic values for the first and second parameters;
estimating, by the processing circuit, a transformer oil thermal capacitance as a function of the fitted characteristic values and correspondingly estimating a transformer oil weight as a function of the estimated transformer oil thermal capacitance;
generating, by the processing circuit, alarm signaling, based on comparing the estimated transformer oil weight to a characteristic transformer oil weight, the characteristic transformer oil weight being calculated from at least the characteristic values for the first and second parameters and
generating, by the processing circuit, a maintenance diagnostic of the oil-immersed electrical transformer based on the generated alarm signaling, the maintenance diagnostic implemented by the oil-immersed electrical transformer to detect a loss of oil from the oil-immersed electrical transformer.

US Pat. No. 10,192,664

EXCITING DEVICE FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC CONNECTION DEVICE

OGURA CLUTCH CO., LTD., ...

1. An exciting device for an electromagnetic connection device, comprising:a yoke including an annular groove and a first through hole formed in a bottom wall serving as a bottom of the annular groove;
an exciting coil stored in the annular groove;
a terminal housing including a convex portion fitted in the first through hole and a concave portion located on an opposite side of the annular groove with respect to the convex portion, the convex portion including a second through hole extending in a direction parallel to a center line of the first through hole; and
an external connecting terminal buried in the terminal housing in a state in which a portion of the external connecting terminal is exposed in the concave portion, the external connecting terminal including a coil extraction hole formed in the portion exposed in the concave portion and continuing to the second through hole, and the exciting coil including an extraction end soldered to the external connecting terminal in a state in which the extraction end is passed through the second through hole and the coil extraction hole.

US Pat. No. 10,192,662

METHOD FOR PRODUCING GRAIN-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET

JFE Steel Corporation, T...

1. A method for producing a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet by comprising a series of steps of hot rolling a raw steel material comprising C: 0.002-0.10 mass %, Si: 2.0-8.0 mass %, Mn: 0.005-1.0 mass % and the remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities to obtain a hot rolled sheet, subjecting the hot rolled steel sheet to a hot band annealing as required and further to one cold rolling or two or more cold rollings including an intermediate annealing therebetween to obtain a cold rolled sheet having a final sheet thickness, subjecting the cold rolled sheet to primary recrystallization annealing combined with decarburization annealing, applying an annealing separator to the steel sheet surface and then subjecting to final annealing, characterized in that rapid heating is performed at a rate of not less than 50° C./s in a region of 200-700° C. in the heating process of the primary recrystallization annealing, and the steel sheet is held at any temperature of 250-600° C. in the region of 200-700° C. for 1-5 seconds, while a soaking process of the primary recrystallization annealing is controlled to a temperature range of 750-900° C., a time of 90-180 seconds and PH2O/PH2 in an atmosphere of 0.25-0.40, where PH2O means a partial water vapor pressure of the atmosphere and PH2 means a partial hydrogen pressure of the atmosphere.

US Pat. No. 10,192,652

MULTI-COVER BUS BAR UNIT FOR ROTARY MACHINES

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A bus bar unit comprising:a plurality of bus bars that electrically connects coils of each phase of a rotary electric machine and an external power supply;
a plurality of inner holding sections that separately covers portions of the plurality of bus bars and separately hold the plurality of bus bars, wherein the plurality of inner holding sections are separately mounted on the plurality of bus bars; and
an outer holding section that is formed of an insulating material, that collectively covers the plurality of inner holding sections, and that is formed in a state in which the plurality of bus bars are electrically insulated.

US Pat. No. 10,192,649

ALUMINUM ALLOY CONDUCTOR, INSULATED WIRE INCLUDING THE CONDUCTOR, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE INSULATED WIRE

Hitachi Metals, Ltd., To...

1. An aluminum alloy conductor formed of an aluminum alloy, the aluminum alloy having a chemical composition comprising:cobalt of 0.1 mass % or more and 1 mass % or less;
at least one of scandium of 0.1 mass % or more and 0.5 mass % or less and zirconium of 0.2 mass % or more and 0.5 mass % or less; and
a balance made up of aluminum and inevitable impurities,
wherein the aluminum alloy conductor has a matrix containing fine particles of a compound of at least one of the scandium and the zirconium with the aluminum, and
wherein the fine particles are dispersedly precipitated in the matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,192,630

TRACK-AND-HOLD CIRCUIT WITH ACQUISITION GLITCH SUPPRESSION

HITTITE MICROWAVE LLC, C...

1. A switched track-and-hold circuit with acquisition glitch suppression comprising:a track-and-hold circuit including:
a switching circuit including:
a plurality of switching transistors including a first transistor, and
a first switch coupled to a current source and also directly coupled to an input terminal of the first transistor in a hold mode, and
a plurality of storage devices, the switching circuit configured to apply a representation of an input signal to the input terminal of the first transistor and to the storage devices in a track mode and block a signal path between the input signal and the storage devices in the hold mode; and
an acquisition glitch suppression circuit including:
a replica amplifier configured to sense a differential voltage across the storage devices, and
a switched clamping circuit configured to clamp, at an output of the switched clamping circuit, inputs of the switching circuit to thereby suppress an acquisition glitch.

US Pat. No. 10,192,627

NON-VOLATILE MEMORY ARRAY WITH MEMORY GATE LINE AND SOURCE LINE SCRAMBLING

Cypress Semiconductor Cor...

1. A memory device, comprising:a plurality of non-volatile memory (NVM) cells, each including a memory gate, arranged in rows and columns, wherein memory gates of first and second NVM cells of a first column are electrically insulated from one another, and wherein memory gates of third and fourth NVM cells of the first column are electrically insulated from one another; and
a first source line coupled to the first and second NVM cells, and a second source line coupled to the third and fourth NVM cells of the first column, wherein the first and second source lines are adjacent and electrically insulated from one another, and wherein each of the first and second source lines respectively shares a common electrical node to receive a same voltage signal with at least one source line of the first column other than the first and second source lines.

US Pat. No. 10,192,600

STORAGE ELEMENT

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A storage element comprising:a layer structure including
a first layer having a first magnetization state of a first material,
a second layer having a second magnetization state of a second material; and
an intermediate layer including a nonmagnetic material and provided between the first layer and the second layer,
wherein the intermediate layer includes a carbon layer and one or more of Bi2O3, MgF2, CaF, SrTiO2, AlLaO3, and AlNO wherein the carbon layer has a thickness of less than 0.5 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,192,597

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. An operating method of a semiconductor device, the operating method comprising performing a soft program operation on a top dummy cell and a bottom dummy cell which are stacked in a vertical direction from a substrate, by applying a first soft program voltage to a bottom dummy word line coupled to the bottom dummy cell and a second soft program voltage greater than the first soft program voltage to a top dummy word line coupled to the top dummy cell formed above the bottom dummy cell,wherein a width of the top dummy cell coupled to the top dummy word line is greater than a width of the bottom dummy cell coupled to the bottom dummy word line.

US Pat. No. 10,192,585

SCENE AND ACTIVITY IDENTIFICATION IN VIDEO SUMMARY GENERATION BASED ON MOTION DETECTED IN A VIDEO

GoPro, Inc., San Mateo, ...

1. A method for identifying video clips for inclusion in a video summary, the method comprising:accessing a video, the video including video frames;
dividing individual video frames into tiles;
determining motion values of individual tiles of the individual video frames, the motion values characterizing movement of visual content within a corresponding tile between proximate video frames;
identifying tiles in the video frames having motion values that satisfy one or more motion criteria, wherein the one or more motion criteria includes a first motion criterion defining a first threshold velocity value, the individual tiles satisfying the first motion criterion based on the motion values of the individual tiles being greater than the first threshold velocity value;
generating a motion profile for the video based on the motion values determined for the individual tiles of the individual video frames, the motion profile characterizing, on a per video frame basis, an amount of the tiles within the individual video frames that satisfy the one or more motion criteria;
identifying one or more of the video frames based on the motion profile; and
generating the video summary, the video summary including the identified video frames.

US Pat. No. 10,192,580

WRITE CURRENT SWITCHING IN A DATA STORAGE DEVICE USING AN EFFECTIVE FOOTPRINT OF A WRITE POLE

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:generating a sequence of symbols to describe a set of write data, the symbols having a length of nT, where T is a channel clock rate and n is an integer over a predetermined range;
applying bi-directional write currents to a write pole to record the sequence of symbols to a magnetic storage medium, the write pole having an effective footprint with a downtrack length of mT, where m is an integer, the write currents switching between a first rail current and a second rail current for alternating symbols, the write currents further transitioning to an intermediate current value for at least one channel clock period for symbols longer than 1T; and
applying write currents to the write pole when recording symbols having a length longer than mT to the medium using the effective footprint of the write pole as an interval.

US Pat. No. 10,192,577

WRITE POLE COATING LAYER

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a slider having a media-facing surface and configured for heat-assisted magnetic recording, the slider comprising:
a write pole including two or more sides extending into the slider and a pole tip at the media-facing surface;
a heatsink layer proximate at least part of the two or more sides where a first portion of the heatsink layer is proximate the pole tip; and
a diffusing metal disposed proximate the write pole and configured to diffuse through the write pole toward the media-facing surface.

US Pat. No. 10,192,576

METHOD AND APPARATUS THAT MODIFIES SEEKS TO REMEDIATE INTER-ACTUATOR COUPLING IN A STORAGE DRIVE

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:determining a faulty tracking condition affecting a first head driven by a first actuator of a hard disk drive, the faulty tracking condition caused by a second actuator of the hard disk drive that is moving while the first actuator is performing a tracking operation:
responsive to the determination of the faulty tracking condition, reducing seek forces of the second actuator that cause the faulty tracking condition affecting the first head; and
verifying that similar faulty tracking conditions are reduced with the first head responsive to the reduction in seek forces.

US Pat. No. 10,192,552

DIGITAL ASSISTANT PROVIDING WHISPERED SPEECH

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:one or more processors;
memory; and
one or more programs stored in memory, the one or more programs including instructions for:
receiving a speech input from a user;
determining, based on the speech input, that a whispered speech response is to be provided;
upon determining that a whispered speech response is to be provided, generating the whispered speech response, wherein generating the whispered speech response comprises:
generating text based on the speech input;
performing natural language processing of the text;
generating an intermediate speech based on a result of the natural language processing;
obtaining a residual signal based on a linear prediction analysis of the intermediate speech;
modifying the residual signal; and
obtaining the whispered speech response based on a linear prediction synthesis of the modified residual signal; and
providing the whispered speech response to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,192,549

EXTENDING DIGITAL PERSONAL ASSISTANT ACTION PROVIDERS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method of controlling which action provider out of a plurality of different registered action providers performs a task, the method comprising:receiving a spoken utterance detected by a microphone;
performing speech recognition on the spoken utterance, the speech recognition recognizing a task in the spoken utterance; and
responsive to and after recognizing the task in the spoken utterance and based on stored registrations for the different registered action providers and stored task-to-provider association preferences, assigning the task in the spoken utterance to a particular action provider out of the different registered action providers, wherein a plurality of the different registered action providers are currently registered for the task in the spoken utterance and the plurality of different registered action providers currently registered for the task in the spoken utterance comprise a default action provider registered for the task in the spoken utterance and a secondary action provider registered for the task in the spoken utterance, and wherein assigning the task in the spoken utterance comprises choosing, from the plurality of different registered action providers currently registered for the task in the spoken utterance, the particular action provider to perform the task in the spoken utterance and sending instructions to perform the task in the spoken utterance to the particular action provider;
wherein choosing the particular action provider to perform the task in the spoken utterance supports explicit override of the default registered action provider for the task based on an explicit indication of a name of the secondary action provider in the spoken utterance, even though the default action provider and the secondary action provider are both currently registered for the task.

US Pat. No. 10,192,547

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CUSTOMIZED VOICE RESPONSE

1. A method comprising:analyzing, by a system comprising a processor, human interactions between a user and each of a plurality of network services to generate a respective country-specific weight associated with each respective network service of the plurality of network services to yield country-specific weights, each respective country-specific weight representing a probability that a language specific to a corresponding country is identified in the human interactions, wherein data associated with the human interactions between the user and each of the plurality of network services is recorded in at least two of a phone record, an internet services record, and a content viewing record to yield recorded data;
aggregating, by the system and based at least in part on the recorded data, the country-specific weights to generate summary weights;
selecting, by the system, a language model based on the summary weights; and
recognizing, by the system, speech received from a device associated with the user by applying the language model to the speech in an interactive voice response system.

US Pat. No. 10,192,546

PRE-WAKEWORD SPEECH PROCESSING

AMAZON TECHNOLOGIES, INC....

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving audio;
storing, in non-transitory memory, audio data representing the audio;
determining a first location in the audio data that includes a first amount of non-speech audio data;
determining a wakeword at a second location in the audio data, the audio data including non-wakeword speech between the first location and the second location;
determining a third location in the audio data that includes a second amount of non-speech audio data, the third location being after the second location in the audio data; and
selecting, for speech processing, a portion of the audio data starting with the first location and ending with the third location, the portion of the audio data comprising at least the non-wakeword speech.

US Pat. No. 10,192,545

LANGUAGE MODELING BASED ON SPOKEN AND UNSPEAKABLE CORPUSES

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system comprising:at least one processor; and
a memory storing instructions that when executed by the at least one processor perform a set of operations comprising:
evaluating training data from a first information source;
determining unspeakable portions of the training data;
training a classifier based on the unspeakable portions of the training data,
wherein the unspeakable portions of the training data are used as negative examples;
generating, using the classifier, a corpus based on typed text from a second information source, wherein the classifier is used to filter unspeakable portions from the second information source;
training a language model using the corpus; and
performing speech recognition on audio data using the language model.

US Pat. No. 10,192,544

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONSTRUCTING A LANGUAGE MODEL

1. A method of constructing a natural language model for accessing a content management system, the method comprising:a) using a processor, constructing a first natural language model within a Natural Language Processing (NLP) application;
b) receiving a first natural language input from a first user comprising a text in the first natural language into the NLP application;
c) encapsulating linguistic characteristics within the first natural language model based upon the first natural language input, the linguistic characteristics comprising:
i) a set of multiple primitives of the first Natural Language, said multiple primitives comprising tokens that form a basis for expressing information using the first Natural Language; and
ii) semantic characteristics of the first Natural Language; and
iii) syntactic characteristics of the first natural language; and
iv) a probability of occurrence of two of said multiple primitives within a spatiotemporal proximity;
d) generating a derivative of the first natural language input, said derivative of the first natural language input based upon the first natural language model and the linguistic characteristics;
e) communicating with a search engine application program interface;
f) retrieving documents relevant to the first natural language input by executing a search via the search engine with a topic specific query based upon the derivative and the linguistic characteristics;
g) presenting the documents relevant to the first natural language input and identified via the search engine to the first user;
h) receiving a second natural language input from a second user comprising a text in the second natural language input different from the first natural language input and inputting the second natural language input into a second natural language model in the NLP application, wherein the second natural language model is based upon the linguistic characteristics encapsulated within the first natural language model;
i) generating, using the processor, at least one output based on processing of the second natural language input by the second natural language model in the NLP application, wherein the output comprises a text in the second natural language;
j) presenting the output based on processing the second natural language model to the second user; and
k) storing at least a portion of the first natural language model in a memory communicatively coupled to the processor.

US Pat. No. 10,192,539

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A QUIET ZONE

Sound United, LLC, Vista...

1. An audio system comprising:at least one module operable to, at least:
filter an audio signal to pass a frequency band of sound to be counteracted, wherein the frequency band is characterized by at least a lower bound;
identify an unwanted sound at a location, by, at least in part, operating to receive the unwanted sound using at least one sound sensor positioned at a distance away from the location at least one fourth of a wavelength of the lower bound of the frequency band of sound to be counteracted;
identify a loudspeaker to utilize to quiet the unwanted sound;
determine a counteracting sound that, when output by the loudspeaker, will quiet the unwanted sound at the location; and
output the counteracting sound at the loudspeaker.

US Pat. No. 10,192,530

MUSICAL INSTRUMENT PITCH CHANGER

1. A pitch changing apparatus, comprising:a bender lever pivotally secured to a musical instrument configured to move between unengaged and engaged positions;
a bender saddle secured to the musical instrument configured to vary the tension in a string on the musical instrument in response to movement of the bender lever between the unengaged and engaged positions, wherein the bender saddle further comprises a head with a cam portion and a bore therethrough, said bore configured to receive a string threaded through the bore and wrapped around a portion of the cam section;
a string mount configured to secure the bender saddle to a first selected string in a first bending configuration or to a second selected string in a second bending configuration; and
wherein the bender saddle is configured to move between the first selected string and the second selected string of the musical instrument.

US Pat. No. 10,192,528

REAL-TIME USER ADAPTIVE FOVEATED RENDERING

Sony Interactive Entertai...

1. A graphics processing method comprising:obtaining gaze tracking data representing a user's gaze with respect to one or more images presented to the user;
determining one or more gaze tracking parameters from gaze tracking data, wherein the gaze tracking parameters include one or more gaze tracking error parameters, wherein determining the one or more gaze tracking error parameters from the gaze tracking data includes determining whether the user's eye is moving in smooth pursuit;
generating adjusted foveation data representing an adjusted size and/or shape of one or more regions of interest in one or more images to be subsequently presented to the user based on the one or more gaze tracking parameters including the one or more gaze tracking error parameters;
generating foveated image data representing one or more foveated images using the adjusted foveation data, wherein the one or more foveated images are characterized by level of detail within the one or more regions of interest and lower level of detail outside the one or more regions of interest; and
presenting the one or more foveated images to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,192,523

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING AN OVERVIEW OF A PLURALITY OF HOME SCREENS

NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY, E...

1. A method comprising:causing a display of a first home screen;
causing, with a processor, the display to zoom out from the first home screen to a canvas overview representing a plurality of home screens including the first home screen, wherein the canvas overview is configured to present the plurality of home screens in a continuous arrangement without visible delineation or demarcation between the plurality of home screens and to group items accessible via a respective home screen in proximity to one another;
causing an item to be moved from one home screen to another portion of the canvas overview designated for creating a new home screen and not associated with an existing one of the plurality of home screens;
in response to the movement of the item from one home screen to the another portion of the canvas overview designated for creating the new home screen and determining the item is to be moved to the another portion of the canvas overview, causing creation of the new home screen;
causing an application associated with the item to launch in response to the item being selected; and
facilitating switching from a prior active application to the launched application from the canvas overview.

US Pat. No. 10,192,521

GAMMA ADJUSTMENT METHOD

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A gamma adjustment method for adjusting brightnesses of a display panel, wherein the display panel has (n+1) gray levels, where n is an integer larger than or equal to 2, and the gamma adjustment method comprises:measuring a minimum brightness value Lmin and a maximum brightness value Lmax of the display panel; wherein the minimum brightness value Lmin is a brightness value at gray level 0, and the maximum brightness value Lmax is a brightness value at gray level n;
calculating a value of a first intermediate parameter x according to a formula of

 where m is a gamma value of the display panel and is a value greater than zero;
calculating a value of a second intermediate parameter y according to a formula of

calculating a brightness value Lz at gray level z according to a formula of

 where z is an integer ranging from 1 to (n?1); and
adjusting the brightnesses of the display panel based on the measured minimum brightness value Lmin, the measured maximum brightness value Lmax, and the calculated brightness values at gray level 1 to gray level (n?1).

US Pat. No. 10,192,519

AMBIENT LIGHT ADAPTIVE DISPLAYS WITH PAPER-LIKE APPEARANCE

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method for displaying images on a display having an adjustable white point, comprising:with a color-sensitive light sensor, determining a color and an intensity of ambient light;
with display control circuitry, determining whether the intensity of ambient light is above or below a threshold;
with the display control circuitry, operating the display in a first mode in response to determining that the intensity of ambient light is below the threshold, wherein operating the display in the first mode comprises automatically adjusting the white point of the display to a preset low light mode white point that is not adapted to the color of the ambient light; and
with the display control circuitry, operating the display in a second mode in response to determining that the intensity of ambient light is above the threshold, wherein operating the display in the second mode comprises automatically adjusting the white point of the display based on the color of ambient light, and wherein the display control circuitry shifts the display from the second mode to the first mode when the intensity of ambient light drops from above the threshold to below the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,192,515

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DATA DRIVER

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A data driver applicable to a display device, comprising:a first boost circuit, receiving a supply voltage value and generating a first boosted voltage at a first preset voltage value;
a first gate clock generation circuit, electrically coupled to the first boost circuit, receiving a plurality of timing signals and the first boosted voltage, and generating a first timing signal;
a first level shift circuit, receiving a first timing signal and generating a first gate timing signal; and
a data drive circuit, receiving the plurality of timing signals and generating a plurality of display data signals;
wherein the first boost circuit is electrically coupled to a second boost circuit of a second data driver, and the second booster circuit generates a second boosted voltage at the first preset voltage value.

US Pat. No. 10,192,510

SOURCE DRIVING MODULE GENERATING TWO GROUPS OF GAMMA VOLTAGES AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A source driving module for providing a data signal to a display panel, comprising:a gamma voltage generator;
a data driver receiving a gamma voltage outputted from the gamma voltage generator and generating a corresponding data signal to a display panel according to the gamma voltage;
wherein the gamma voltage generator includes a first gamma generator and a second gamma voltage generator, the first gamma generator outputs a first gamma voltage, and the second gamma generator outputs a second gamma voltage;
wherein the source driving module further comprises a voltage selector adapted for selecting one of the first gamma voltage and the second gamma voltage in a same moment to input to the data driver;
wherein the voltage selector comprises a first switch and a second switch; the first gamma voltage generator is connected to the data driver through the first switch, the second gamma generator is connected to the data driver through the second switch; in a same moment, when one of the first switch and the second switch is controlled to be turned on, the first gamma voltage or the second gamma voltage corresponding to the first switch or the second switch which is turned on is inputted to the data driver;
wherein the first switch and the second switch are connected to a same control signal, the control signal is a square-wave signal; when the square-wave signal is under a high-voltage level, the first switch is turned on, and the second switch is turned off; when the square-wave signal is under a low-voltage level, the first switch is turned off, and the second switch is turned on; and
wherein a period of the square-wave signal is T1, a period of a row synchronization signal of the display panel is T2, T1=3×T2; a duty ratio of the square-wave signal is 2/3.

US Pat. No. 10,192,504

SHIFT REGISTER, GOA CIRCUIT CONTAINING THE SAME, AND RELATED DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A shift register, comprising:an input unit, an output control unit, a first pull-down unit, a second pull-down unit, a reset unit, and a pull-down control unit, wherein:
the input unit comprises a control terminal connected to a signal input terminal, a first terminal connected to a first voltage terminal, and a second terminal connected to a first node;
the output control unit comprises a control terminal connected to the first node, a first terminal connected to a first clock signal terminal, and a second terminal connected to a signal output terminal;
the first pull-down unit comprises a control terminal connected to a second node, a first terminal connected to the first node, and a second terminal connected to a compensation signal terminal;
the second pull-down unit comprises a control terminal connected to the compensation signal terminal, a first terminal connected to the second node, and a second terminal connected to a second voltage terminal;
the pull-down control unit comprises a first control terminal connected to the signal input terminal, a second control terminal connected to the first node, a first terminal connected to the second node, a second terminal connected to the second voltage terminal;
the reset unit comprises a control terminal connected to a reset signal terminal, a first terminal connected to the first node, a second terminal connected to the second voltage terminal;
the first clock signal terminal and a second clock signal terminal input signals of opposite polarities in a scanning period in a frame, and input a turn-off signal in a blanking period in a frame; and
the compensation signal terminal inputs a turn-off signal in the scanning period in a frame and inputs a turn-on signal in the blanking period in a frame.

US Pat. No. 10,192,501

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE WITH COLOR PIXELS AND SUBPIXELS

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:first pixels and second pixels arranged on a display surface, each pixel including a red sub-pixel, a green sub-pixel, and a blue sub-pixel;
a color filter substrate;
a liquid crystal layer; and
an array substrate, the color filter substrate, the liquid crystal layer, and the array substrate being arranged in the stated order,
the color filter substrate comprising:
red color filters, green color filters, and blue color filters,
the array substrate comprising:
red sub-pixel electrodes arranged opposite to the red color filters across the liquid crystal layer;
green sub-pixel electrodes arranged opposite to the green color filters across the liquid crystal layer;
blue sub-pixel electrodes arranged opposite to the blue color filters across the liquid crystal layer;
first driving signal lines connected to the red sub-pixel electrodes and the green sub-pixel electrodes constituting the first pixels and to the blue sub-pixel electrodes constituting the second pixels; and
second driving signal lines connected to the blue sub-pixel electrodes constituting the first pixels and to the red sub-pixel electrodes and the green sub-pixel electrodes constituting the second pixels,
wherein AC voltage driving is performed such that, in each first pixel and in each second pixel, a voltage of the same polarity is applied to the red sub-pixel electrode and the green sub-pixel electrode and a voltage of a polarity opposite to that of the green sub-pixel electrode is applied to the blue sub-pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,192,500

POLARITY REVERSION DRIVING METHOD AND APPARATUS OF LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY, AND A LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A polarity reversion driving apparatus of a liquid crystal display, comprising a time schedule controller, an inverter, a first logic controller, a second logic controller and a source driver, wherein,the time schedule controller is configured to transmit a first polarity reversion signal POL1 to the inverter and the first logic controller, and transmit a second polarity reversion signal POL2 to the first logic controller and the second logic controller;
the inverter is configured to invert the polarity of the received first polarity reversion signal to generate a third polarity reversion signal POL3, and transmit the third polarity reversion signal POL3 to the first logic controller;
the first logic controller is configured to get through the received first polarity reversion signal POL1 and the third polarity reversion signal POL3 to constitute a fourth polarity reversion signal POL4 according to a level of the received second polarity reversion signal POL2, and transmit the fourth polarity reversion signal POL4 to the second logic controller;
the second logic controller is configured to select and output the fourth polarity reversion signal POL4 or the second polarity reversion signal POL2 to the source driver according to a level of the control signal;
the source driver is configured to output image data signals with corresponding polarities according to a level of the fourth polarity reversion signal POL4 or a level of the second polarity reversion signal POL2;
wherein polarities of the fourth polarity reversion signal POL4 and the second polarity reversion signal POL2 are inverted for every two frames, and a polarity of the control signal is inverted for every frame.

US Pat. No. 10,192,498

MULTI-DOMAIN LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE WITH IMPROVED TRANSMITTANCE AND VIEWING ANGLES

Hisense Electric Co., Ltd...

1. A multi-domain liquid crystal display device, comprising:a multi-domain liquid crystal image display apparatus including multiple liquid crystal domains;
a storage medium including a set of instructions for displaying images by the multi-domain liquid crystal image display apparatus; and
a processor in communication with the storage medium and the multi-domain liquid crystal image display apparatus, wherein when executing the set of instructions, the processor is directed to:
obtain a first output frame associated with a first image, wherein the first output frame corresponds to a first GAMMA curve having a GAMMA voltage lower than a reference GAMMA curve at each gray level among a set of predetermined gray levels other than at least one lowest gray level and at least one highest gray level of the set of predetermined gray levels;
obtain a second output frame associated with a second image, wherein the second output frame corresponds to a second GAMMA curve having a GAMMA voltage higher than the reference GAMMA curve at each gray level among the set of predetermined gray levels other than the at least one lowest gray level and the at least one highest gray level of the set of predetermined gray levels; and
display, on the multi-domain liquid crystal image display apparatus, the first output frame and the second output frame as two neighboring output frames in time with different respective angular viewing-profiles, wherein a single domain of the multiple liquid crystal domains within each controllable pixel of the multi-domain liquid crystal image display apparatus uses the first GAMMA curve when the first output frame is displayed to produce a first respective angular viewing-profile and uses the second GAMMA curve when the second output frame is displayed to produce a second respective angular viewing-profile.

US Pat. No. 10,192,474

CONTROLLABLE VOLTAGE SOURCE, SHIFT REGISTER AND UNIT THEREOF, AND DISPLAY

Peking University Shenzhe...

1. A controllable voltage source, comprising:a control module, coupled between a high voltage level terminal and a low voltage level terminal;
a storage module comprising a storage capacitor, wherein two ends of the storage capacitor are coupled to the control module to form a first terminal and a second terminal;
an output module coupled to the second terminal, wherein a signal output terminal of the output module is configured to provide a controllable voltage source to an external circuit; and wherein the control module is configured to couple the first terminal to the high voltage level terminal in accordance with the effective voltage of a first clock signal ?1, and the first terminal is charged through the high voltage level terminal;
the control module is configured to couple the second terminal to the high voltage level terminal in accordance with the effective voltage of a second clock signal thus the second terminal is charged through the high voltage level terminal, and the first terminal is coupled to the low level voltage terminal and discharged through the low level voltage terminal; and
effective level periods of the first clock signal and effective level periods of the second clock signal do not overlap; and
further comprising a threshold modulation module,
wherein the threshold modulation module is coupled to the first terminal and the second terminal respectively, and the threshold modulation module is configured to couple to the low level terminal;
a sensing terminal of the threshold modulation module is configured to couple to an element to be sensed of the external circuit, and sense a threshold voltage of the element and feedback the threshold voltage to the first terminal and/or the second terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,192,471

DYNAMICAL DISPLAY BASED ON CHEMICAL RELEASE FROM PRINTED POROUS VOXELS

The Johns Hopkins Univers...

1. A method for creating dynamic, moving images via chemical release comprising:synthesizing chemical voxels, each in a voxel housing, wherein the voxel housing defines a volume, shape, and a porosity;
dispensing and arranging the voxels into well-ordered arrays based on numerical simulations;
releasing chemicals with both local and global control; and
generating a dynamic, moving image by using the numerical simulations to arrange the chemical voxels with decreasing volume, decreasing pore size, and increasing concentration in a direction of movement.

US Pat. No. 10,192,464

MEDICAMENT DELIVERY DEVICE CONFIGURED TO PRODUCE WIRELESS AND AUDIBLE OUTPUTS

kaleo, Inc., Richmond, V...

1. A method, comprising:removing a distal end portion of a medical injector from within an outer case, the medical injector including a housing, an actuator, a locking member, and an electronic circuit system, the locking member in contact with the actuator to limit movement of the actuator when the locking member is in a first position, the electronic circuit system including an output device and a network interface device, the outer case including a protrusion disposed within the housing and in contact with the electronic circuit system when the distal end portion of the medical injector is within the outer case, the protrusion disposed outside of the housing when the distal end portion of the medical injector is outside of the outer case, the electronic circuit system producing a first output via the output device in response to the protrusion being spaced apart from the electronic circuit system when the distal end portion of the medical injector is removed from within the outer case,
moving the locking member from the first position to a second position, the locking member spaced apart from the actuator when the locking member is in the second position; and
moving the actuator to initiate delivery of a medicament from the medical injector, the electronic circuit system producing a second output via the output device in response to the moving the actuator, the network interface device transmitting a wireless signal to a remote device, the wireless signal associated with at least one of the moving the locking member or the moving the actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,192,453

AIRCRAFT TRAFFIC ALERT AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM WITH AUTOFLIGHT SYSTEM MODE PROTECTION

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. An autopilot-coupled traffic alert and collision avoidance system (AP TCAS) configured to be implemented on an aircraft, the AP TCAS comprising:a flight control system that is configured to provide a first and a second aircraft vertical speed setting, and further to provide a first and a second horizontal heading direction setting;
an autopilot (AP) system that is configured to automatically cause the aircraft to fly at a vertical speed in accordance with the first vertical speed setting and in accordance with the first horizontal heading direction setting;
a traffic alert and collision avoidance system (TCAS) that senses a range, bearing, and relative altitude of an intruder aircraft, and, based on the sensed range, bearing, and relative altitude, is configured to issue a preventative resolution advisory (RA) that indicates a maximum vertical speed the aircraft should not exceed in order to avoid a conflict with the intruder aircraft and further indicates to maintain the first horizontal heading direction setting; and
an AP/automatic flight control system (AFCS) that is configured to receive the second aircraft vertical speed setting and the second horizontal heading direction setting after the TCAS issues the preventive RA, wherein the second aircraft vertical speed setting exceeds the maximum TCAS vertical speed and wherein the second horizontal heading direction setting is different from the first horizontal heading direction setting, the AP/AFCS being further configured to:
modify the second aircraft vertical speed setting so as to be less than the maximum vertical speed, and relay the modified second aircraft vertical speed to the AP/AFCS system to automatically cause the aircraft to fly at a vertical speed in accordance with the modified second vertical speed setting, and substitute the second horizontal heading direction setting for the first horizontal heading direction setting and relay the first horizontal heading direction setting to the AP/AFCS system to automatically cause the aircraft to continue to fly in accordance with the first horizontal heading direction setting.

US Pat. No. 10,192,449

COLLISION RISK CALCULATION METHOD, COLLISION RISK CALCULATION DEVICE, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable recording medium storing a collision risk calculation program that causes a computer to execute a process comprising:acquiring traveling information on a position and a speed of each of a first ship and a second ship;
calculating a future traveling direction range of at least one of the first ship and the second ship based on a position of the at least one of the first ship and the second ship and traveling information of a ship that sailed in a past;
calculating a risk of collision between the first ship and the second ship based on the future traveling direction range by calculating a risk of collision for each combination of cases where each of the first ship and the second ship sails a future course thereof; and
outputting information regarding ship-to-ship collision using the risk of collision.

US Pat. No. 10,192,447

INTER-VEHICLE INFORMATION SHARING SYSTEM

SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION,...

1. An inter-vehicle information sharing system where motorcycles in a group action share group information to which each of the motorcycles belongs and the motorcycles share information with a surrounding four-wheeled vehicle via a vehicle-to-vehicle communication, wherein the information to be shared is the group information,wherein information from the motorcycle to the four-wheeled vehicle is transmitted when the four-wheeled vehicle is detected by an imaging unit or an irradiated detection unit included in the motorcycle.

US Pat. No. 10,192,439

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE OCCUPANCY OF A PARKING LOT

TOMTOM INTERNATIONAL B.V....

1. A method for estimating, by a server computing device that includes a processor and a receiver, the occupancy of a parking lot, the method comprising:obtaining, by the server computing device, map data indicating the geometry of a parking lot;
determining, by the server computing device, a number of parking regions within said parking lot using said map data;
generating, by the server computing device, a model of the spatial distribution of occupied parking regions as a function of the total number of occupied parking regions within the parking lot, the generating comprising acquiring first probe data during a modelling time period and, based on an analysis of occupancy of the parking regions as indicated by the first probe data during the modelling time period, determining the model of the spatial distribution of occupied parking regions;
receiving, by the server computing device, second probe data from a plurality of portable devices within said parking lot, wherein said second probe data indicates the position of each device, and
analyzing, by the server computing device, said second probe data in accordance with said model and outputting, by the server computing device, an estimate of the occupancy of the parking lot.

US Pat. No. 10,192,434

TRAFFIC SIGNAL LEARNING AND OPTIMIZATION

14. A system of traffic signaling, comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory unit operatively connected to the processor, the at least one memory unit having stored thereon, at least one computer program comprising computer code causing the at least one processor to perform the following:
determine whether at least one traffic signal in an intersection will experience a light change while a first vehicle is approaching the intersection traveling in a first direction;
determine whether a second vehicle is approaching the intersection traveling in a second direction;
obtain at least one of current road conditions and operating characteristics of at least one of the first and second vehicles;
determine whether a distance of the first vehicle from the intersection is within a safety threshold; and
alter timing of the light change to allow passage of the first vehicle through the intersection upon a determination that the distance of the first vehicle from the intersection is within the safety threshold and the at least one of the current road conditions and the operating characteristics of the first vehicle result in travel priority over the second vehicle, the operating characteristics including a fuel efficiency aspect.

US Pat. No. 10,192,423

FAULT DETECTION DEVICES AND FAULT DETECTION METHODS

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Gu...

1. A fault detection device, adapted to an electronic device having a display screen, comprising:a first warning unit, generating a first warning signal;
a second warning unit, generating a second warning signal;
a first sensor, disposed in front of the display screen for obtaining and outputting a first current brightness value of the display screen every first predetermined period of time; and
a microprocessor, coupled to the first warning unit, the second warning unit and the first sensor for comparing the first current brightness value with a first previous brightness value;
wherein the microprocessor enables the first warning unit to generate the first warning signal when the first current brightness value is equal to the first previous brightness value, and the microprocessor enables the second warning unit to generate the second warning signal when the first current brightness value is equal to the first previous brightness value for more than a second predetermined period of time, wherein the second predetermined period of time is greater than the first predetermined period of time;
wherein the first sensor is a light sensor; and
wherein the first warning unit is an LED and the second warning unit is a buzzer.

US Pat. No. 10,192,406

SCREEN ACTIVITY MODERATION IN A SKILL WAGERING INTERLEAVED GAME

Gamblit Gaming, LLC, Gle...

1. A casino electronic game machine providing a screen activity moderated skill wagering interleaved game that includes an entertainment game and a gambling game, comprising:a real world engine, wherein the real world engine provides the gambling game based upon a change in a rate of the gambling game, and wherein the real world engine comprises:
a real world credit meter;
a random number generator; and
a real world credit pay table, wherein the real world engine is configured to:
receive real world credit from a portable media, wherein the portable media includes at least one member of a group including currency, a voucher and a smart card; and
provide a randomly generated payout of real world credits from a wager of real world credits in the gambling game using the random number generator and real world credit pay table; and
augment an amount of real world credits stored in the real world credit meter based on the randomly generated payout of real world credits to the real world credit meter;
an entertainment system engine constructed to:
execute the entertainment game to resolve a random event in the entertainment game to generate random event results; and
provide the random event results to a game world engine;
a display screen configured to:
display the random event results of the wagers; and
display a certain level of screen activity;
a user input device configured to receive from a player a wagering amount to use during game play; and
the game world engine constructed to:
monitor a level of screen activity of the display of the entertainment game;
determine a threshold level of screen activity;
determine if the screen activity of the entertainment game play exceeds the threshold level;
determine an occurrence of a gambling event in the gambling game based on play of the entertainment game executed by the entertainment system engine;
when the threshold level of screen activity is exceeded, pause the gambling game;
when the threshold level of screen activity is not exceeded, request a resolution to the gambling event by the real world engine;
determine gambling results based upon the random event results; and
provide the gambling results to the entertainment system engine for use in executing the entertainment game.

US Pat. No. 10,192,404

DEVICE FOR MANAGING A PROGRESSIVE JACKPOT

1. A gaming system, comprising:a housing;
a display device;
a network interface;
at least one processor; and
at least one memory device that stores a plurality of instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to operate with the display device and the network interface to:
receive, from a server, a progressive jackpot amount, wherein the progressive jackpot amount is associated with a plurality of gaming systems that includes the gaming system,
display the progressive jackpot amount for a current game,
receive chip information that indicates a jackpot wager for the current game, wherein the server updates the progressive jackpot amount according to the jackpot wager,
receive card information that indicates a game outcome of the current game,
when the game outcome corresponds to a jackpot outcome, display a jackpot amount, wherein the server reduces the progressive jackpot amount by the jackpot amount, and
when the game outcome does not correspond to the jackpot outcome, display the progressive jackpot amount for a next game,
further comprising:
a gaming table;
a radio frequency identification (RFID) chip reader that that generates the chip information by detecting gaming chips being collected into a collection box, wherein the gaming system transmits the chip information to the server; and
an instrumented card shoe that generates the card information by detecting gaming cards removed from the instrumented card shoe, wherein the gaming cards are played on the gaming table,
wherein the at least one processor is further configured to implement a Baccarat game, wherein for the Baccarat game, the jackpot outcome is one of a first jackpot outcome and a second jackpot outcome, and wherein the jackpot amount is one of a first jackpot amount and a second jackpot amount;
wherein the first jackpot outcome is a three-card win by a banker with a point total of 7 and the banker and a player have all red cards, and the first jackpot amount is $1000; and
wherein the second jackpot outcome is the three-card win by the banker with the point total of 7 and the banker and the player have all diamond cards, and the second jackpot amount is all of the progressive jackpot amount.

US Pat. No. 10,192,387

FACILITATING DIRECT RIDER DRIVER PAIRING FOR MASS EGRESS AREAS

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A mobile computing device comprising:a network communication interface;
an output device;
one or more processors; and
one or more memory resources storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the mobile computing device to:
execute, on the mobile computing device, a rider application in one of at least two modes, including a default mode and a late-binding mode;
wherein execution of the rider application causes the mobile computing device to communicate with an on-demand transportation system, over one or more wireless networks, using the network communication interface;
wherein in either of the default mode or the late-binding mode, the rider application is operable by a user to cause the mobile computing device to transmit, over the one or more wireless networks, a transport request to the on-demand transportation system based on a corresponding user-input;
wherein in the default mode, the rider application receives from the on-demand transportation system over the one or more wireless networks, and as a response to the transport request, a confirmation of a paired driver that is assigned to the transport request of the user of the mobile computing device;
wherein in the late-binding mode, the rider application:
receives, over the one or more wireless networks, data for a unique match code from the on-demand transportation system;
generates, based on the data for the unique match code, a digital signature;
outputs, from the output device of the mobile computing device, the digital signature, wherein the outputted digital signature is detected by a corresponding computing device of an available driver, causing the available driver and the user to be paired through the on-demand transportation system for the transport request; and
update a status of the rider application to indicate that transport is being provided by the available driver for the user.

US Pat. No. 10,192,366

INTERACTIVE GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE (GUI) FOR DESIGNING PREFORM GEOMETRIES

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:providing, by a computing device and for display, a three-dimensional (3D) model of a part;
receiving, via a graphical user interface (GUI) of the computing device, data defining a cutting plane, wherein the cutting plane intersects the 3D model of the part and divides the 3D model into a first portion and a second portion;
determining, by the computing device, a first set of minimum-volume bounding boxes that is tangent to the cutting plane and encloses the first portion of the 3D model;
determining, by the computing device, a second set of minimum-volume bounding boxes that is tangent to the cutting plane and encloses the second portion of the 3D model; and
providing, by the computing device, a preform geometry for the part, wherein the preform geometry comprises the first set of minimum-volume bounding boxes and the second set of minimum-volume bounding boxes.

US Pat. No. 10,192,357

GRAPHIC PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF PERFORMING GRAPHICS PIPELINE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of performing a graphics pipeline in a graphic processing apparatus, the method comprising:determining, by a binning pipeline, whether each of a plurality of input drawcalls is a first-type drawcall requiring tessellation or a second-type drawcall requiring no tessellation;
performing, by the binning pipeline, tile binning to identify a tile list covering a bounding box corresponding to the first-type drawcall;
generating, by the binning pipeline, a bounding box bitstream, the bounding box bitstream comprising identification information indicating the first-type drawcall, identification information indicating the second-type drawcall, and information about the tile list; and
performing, by a rendering pipeline, a tessellation, wherein the tessellation is only performed on tiles including the first-type drawcall,
wherein when a first tile includes the first-type drawcall, primitives of the first tile are tessellated, and when a second tile includes the first-type drawcall and the same primitives as the first tile, the second tile is not tessellated.

US Pat. No. 10,192,349

TEXTURE SAMPLING TECHNIQUES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus, comprising:decode circuitry configured to process a graphics instruction that specifies a number of samples to be performed and includes region information that specifies a region of a texture;
texture processing circuitry configured to, in response to the graphics instruction:
determine a plurality of sample locations within the specified region of the texture;
sample the texture at the plurality of sample locations, including, for multiple ones of the sample locations, performing separate filtering operations to determine multiple sample outputs corresponding to the multiple sample locations, wherein the filtering operations are each based on multiple texels near a corresponding one of the multiple sample locations; and
provide the multiple sample outputs for processing based on one or more other instructions in a graphics program that includes the graphics instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,192,344

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING SHADER PROGRAM

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of generating a shader program, the method comprising:determining one or more first variables to be used to perform a folding operation that replaces operation formulas included in the shader program by a constant or a second variable;
generating a plurality of subsets of a set of all determined one or more first variables;
calculating execution times of operation formulas included in the shader program on which the folding operation can be performed;
calculating a performance gain of each subset generated from the set of all determined one or more first variables based on the execution times;
selecting a subset comprising first variables to be replaced from the subsets based on the calculated performance gain of each subset; and
generating the shader program in which the operation formulas are replaced by the constant or the second variable based on the first variables included in the selected subset.

US Pat. No. 10,192,332

DISPLAY CONTROL METHOD AND INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A method of controlling display of object data, the method comprising:calculating distances from an actual current position of a terminal to positions of a plurality of items of the object data;
determining, by a processor, whether the positions of the plurality of items are so included in a first area as to satisfy a predetermined condition, based on a distribution of the calculated distances, the first area being a current area including the actual current position of the terminal, the predetermined condition being an average of the calculated distances plus a correction or a median of the calculated distances plus a correction;
determining, by the processor, a second area based on a result of determining whether the positions of the plurality of items are so included in the first area as to satisfy the predetermined condition; and
displaying object data associated with a position in the second area on a screen,
wherein the first area is changed to the second area so that the positions of the plurality of items satisfy the predetermined condition in response to determining, by the processor, that the positions of the plurality of items are not so included in the first area as to satisfy the predetermined condition, and
wherein the second area includes the actual current position of the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,192,301

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING LINE DEFECTS ON SURFACE OF OBJECT

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A method for detecting a line defect on a surface of an object comprising:supporting the object on a platform;
illuminating the surface of the object with a plurality of illumination sources comprising at least one ambient illumination source and at least one dark field illumination source;
capturing images of the surface of the object under illumination conditions with the illumination sources using an imaging device;
processing the captured images with a plurality of image operations using the image processor to detect areas of potential defects at locations on the surface of the object;
cutting the areas of the potential defects from the processed images to sub images using the image processor;
stitching the sub images at same location together to generate a set of hypotheses of the potential defects at the locations on the surface of the object using the image processor;
classifying the hypotheses in the stitched images with a classifier to determine whether the potential defects are true defects using the image processor, wherein the classifier is trained with training data having characteristics of the true defects, and wherein the detected true defects are discrete true defects at the locations on the surface of the object;
determining whether the discrete true defects consist of a line defect by refining line segments detected on one of the processed image based on a criterion; and
generating an output comprising the line defect on the surface of the object.

US Pat. No. 10,192,287

IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD AND IMAGE SYSTEM FOR TRANSPORTATION

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An image processing method for transportation adapted to process images captured by at least two cameras disposed on one vehicle in an image system, comprising:matching two corresponding feature points for two images, respectively, to become a feature point set;
selecting at least five most suitable feature point sets, by using an iterative algorithm;
calculating a most suitable radial distortion homography between the two images, according to the at least five most suitable feature point sets; and
fusing the images captured by the at least two cameras at each of timing sequences, by using the most suitable radial distortion homography;
wherein before selecting the at least five most suitable feature point sets, randomly selecting at least five feature point sets;
iteratively calculating a plurality of radial distortion homographies before calculating the most suitable radial distortion homography between the two images; and
quantitatively assessing the plurality of radial distortion homographies;
wherein after iteratively calculating each of the plurality of radial distortion homographies for every iteration, the image processing method further comprises:
marking a ground truth point set between the two images;
transforming the ground truth point set into a transfer point set, respectively, according to each of the plurality of radial distortion homographies; and
calculating a distance difference value between the transfer point set and the ground truth point set.

US Pat. No. 10,192,277

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING AN AUDIT TRAIL FOR AUDITABLE DEVICES

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC., S...

1. An evidence management system, comprising:a video data store configured to store video data received from a plurality of wearable cameras;
an audit trail data store configured to store a plurality of auditable event entries generated by the plurality of wearable cameras;
an auditable device data store configured to store identifying information associated with each wearable camera of the plurality of wearable cameras, the identifying information including an identifier of a user associated with each wearable camera at a given time or date; and
at least one computing device configured to provide a data gathering engine configured to:
receive the video data from the plurality of wearable cameras and store the video data in the video data store; and
receive the auditable event entries generated by the plurality of wearable cameras and store the auditable event entries in the audit trail data store.

US Pat. No. 10,192,270

OPTIMIZING INVESTMENTS TO ACHIEVE A SALES GOAL

Accenture Global Services...

1. A device, comprising:one or more processors to:
receive a request to provide optimized investment information,
the optimized investment information indicating optimized investments for a plurality of types of marketing;
receive constraint information indicating bounds for the optimized investments;
receive sales goal information indicating a sales goal to be achieved by the optimized investments;
determine the sales goal is not achievable based on the bounds;
broaden the bounds for the optimized investments based on the sales goal not being achievable such that the optimized investments may deviate from the bounds;
calculate a penalty value that balances a deviation of the optimized investments from the bounds and a total monetary cost of the optimized investments,
the bounds indicating a permitted ratio of an optimized investment to a historical investment for a particular type of marketing of the plurality of types of marketing,
determine the optimized investments to achieve the sales goal based on minimizing the penalty value;
provide the optimized investment information, indicating the optimized investments, to another device based on the request;
automatically determine marketing providers that provide the optimized investments;
solicit bids from the marketing providers based on the optimized investments; and
receive the bids from the marketing providers,
the optimized investment information indicating the bids.

US Pat. No. 10,192,253

FRESHNESS AND SEASONALITY-BASED CONTENT DETERMINATIONS

A9.COM, INC., Palo Alto,...

1. A system, comprising:a processor; and
a non-transitory memory device including instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the system to:
determine a plurality of items available for selection in an electronic inventory;
calculate a cycle score for each item of the plurality of items, the cycle score correlated to a demand cycle associated with at least one category of a respective item, wherein the cycle score is an output of at least one dynamic cyclical function of a plurality of cyclical functions and depends on the least one category of the respective item and an input of time elapsed from start of a repeating cycle;
calculate an age score for each item of the plurality of items, wherein the age score is an output of at least one age function of a plurality of age functions, and depends on an input of time elapsed from a time of first availability of a respective item;
compute a ranking score of each of the plurality of items based at least in part on user behavior associated with each of the plurality of items, the respective cycle score and the respective age score of each of the plurality of items, the user behavior correlated with each dynamic cyclical function and each age function;
generate a ranking of the plurality of items according to the ranking score of each of the plurality of items;
determine demand data for one or more items of the plurality of items;
derive an additive or multiplicative factor for each of the one or more items based on the demand data;
calculate an adjustment score for each of the one or more items, each adjustment score associated with at least one adjustment function of a plurality of adjustment functions and based on the respective additive or the multiplicative factor;
adjust the ranking score for each of the one or more items by an amount corresponding to the adjustment score to generate an adjusted ranking score for each of the one or more items;
determine an adjusted ranking of the plurality of items based at least in part on the adjusted ranking scores of the one or more items; and
generate a display of at least a portion of the plurality of items according to the adjusted ranking.

US Pat. No. 10,192,250

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING ACCESS TO DATA SETS OWNED BY DIFFERENT ENTITIES

Veritas Technologies LLC,...

1. A computer-implemented method for providing access to data sets owned by different entities, at least a portion of the method being performed by a server computing device comprising at least one processor, the method comprising:providing, by the server computing device, a data marketplace platform on the server computing device that allows a plurality of data set owners to each list their own data sets for licensing to any of a plurality of prospective data set license buyers, wherein each data set comprises a plurality of samples from a statistical population and at least one variable describing each sample, wherein at least one of the plurality of samples comprises data from a portion of a timespan covered by the data set;
receiving, by the server computing device, at the data marketplace platform, a data set owned by a data set owner, wherein receiving the data set comprises storing information about a location of the data set or information for accessing the data set, wherein the data set is not on the data marketplace platform, wherein the information about a location of the data set or information for accessing the data set is stored by:
provisioning, by the server computing device, a scratch space to store results of a user analysis of the data set;
storing, by the server computer device, a derivation of the data set in the scratch space, wherein the derivation of the data set is created in response to a map-reduce operation received on the data set; and
relabeling, by the server computer device, the scratch space as the data set;
creating, by the server computing device, a sale listing for the data set that comprises information about the data set and information about the data set owner;
displaying, by the server computing device, on the data marketplace platform, the sale listing for the data set to at least one prospective data set license buyer who does not own the data set;
receiving, by the server computing device, from the prospective data set license buyer, an order to license the data set from the data set owner; and
providing, by the server computing device, via the data marketplace platform and in response to the order, access for the prospective data set license buyer to the data set.

US Pat. No. 10,192,248

SERVER DEVICE, INFORMATION DEVICE, POWER OUTLET, CHARGING INFORMATION GENERATING METHOD, AND CHARGING INFORMATION GENERATING PROGRAM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An electric charging information generation method in an electric charging system including: a receptacle including an electric charging device which charges up information equipment during an electric charging period for electric charging of the information equipment and a server apparatus including a non-transitory memory storing user information in which a plurality of user identifiers are associated with a corresponding accumulated electric charging bonus point, the electric charging information generation method comprising:identifying, by the server apparatus performing searching using the stored user information, a person associated with a user identifier corresponding to an accumulated electric charging bonus point equal to or less than a predetermined value and who is performing the electric charging of the information equipment;
generating, by the server apparatus, purchase information for display on the information equipment, the purchase information indicating that the electric charging period for the electric charging of the information equipment may be extended by purchase of a product or service;
transmitting, from the server apparatus to the information equipment, the purchase information;
determining, by the server apparatus, whether or not purchase amount information has been received from the information equipment, the purchase amount information indicating the purchase of the product or service, and the purchase amount information being generated by a register after receiving input of the purchase of the product or service and transmitted from the register to the server apparatus via the information equipment; and
when the server apparatus determines that the purchase amount information has been received, (i) increasing the accumulated electric charging bonus point corresponding to the customer identifier in the user information, (ii) generating electric charging information to extend the electric charging period for the electric charging of the information equipment, and (iii) transmitting, from the server apparatus to the receptacle via the information equipment, the electric charging information,
wherein upon receipt of the electric charging information, the receptacle controls the charging of the information equipment according to the electric charging information.

US Pat. No. 10,192,247

METHOD FOR BUYING AND SELLING GOODS AND SHOPPING SUPPORT SYSTEM SUPPORTING THE SAME

1. A method for supporting buying and selling of goods in an offline store by a payment processing device, the method comprising:identifying and connecting a buyer terminal based on short-range wireless communication;
receiving, from the connected buyer terminal, destination information, buyer identification information, information about bought goods, event information and payment means information processed based on an unique information of the connected buyer terminal;
determining a payment amount based on identification information corresponding to each of one or more bought goods and a purchase quantity corresponding to each of the one or more bought goods;
obtaining other event information corresponding to an applicable event among events in the offline store based on the buyer identification information, the information about bought goods and the payment means information;
identifying validity of the event information;
determining a final payment amount by reflecting a price policy, that is determined based on the other event information and the identified valid event information, to the determined payment amount;
transmitting a payment authorization request based on the final payment amount and the payment means information;
receiving an authorized payment history in response to the payment authorization request;
transmitting, to the connected buyer terminal, the authorized payment history; and
transmitting, for a delivery request, the received destination information, the buyer identification information, the information about bought goods and the authorized payment history for the authorized payment, to a delivery server,
wherein the information about bought goods includes the identification information corresponding to each of the one or more bought goods and the purchase quantity corresponding to each of the one or more bought goods, and
wherein the events in the offline store are update by an additional event.

US Pat. No. 10,192,246

GENERATING MULTI-CLOUD INCREMENTAL BILLING CAPTURE AND ADMINISTRATION

Red Hat, Inc., Raleigh, ...

1. A method comprising:accessing, by a processor, usage history data for a user operating a first machine in a host cloud among a plurality of host clouds;
monitoring, by the processor, the usage history data for the user operating the first machine in the host cloud when each host cloud among the plurality of clouds is not aware of a subscription limit in a subscription parameter for the user operating the first machine in the host cloud among the plurality of clouds;
comparing, by the processor, the usage history data for the user operating the first machine to a consumption limit for consumption of resources hosted in the plurality of host clouds;
identifying a first billing event associated with the first machine in the plurality of host clouds when the usage history data for the user operating the first machine exceeds the consumption limit;
instantiating, by the processor, a second machine in the plurality of host clouds in view of the identified first billing event, wherein the second machine to host a portion of consumed resources in excess of the consumption limit, wherein the instantiating of the second machine comprises:
responsive to detecting that a threshold associated with the consumption limit is met, identifying, in the host cloud, a virtual resource for the second machine to handle the portion of consumed resources in excess of the consumption limit,
updating, by the processor, resource configurations of the second machine in view of a set of specifications associated with the identified virtual resource, and
causing, by the processor, the virtual resource to be installed for execution on the second machine to provide the resources in excess of the consumption limit;
transmitting, by the processor, entitlements associated with the user on the first machine to the second machine to enable the virtual resource to execute an application on the second machine; and
providing, by the processor, a notification to the host cloud reflecting that the user is no longer in excess of the consumption limit with respect to the consumption of resources of the host cloud.

US Pat. No. 10,192,244

METHODS FOR AUGMENTING USER-GENERATED CONTENT USING A MONETIZABLE FEATURE

EXCALIBUR IP, LLC, New Y...

1. A digital content generation and distribution system server comprising:a processor;
a non-transitory storage medium for tangibly storing thereon program logic for execution by the processor, the stored program logic comprising:
accessing logic executed by the processor for accessing a library of digital content, wherein the library of digital content comprises a plurality of content items, and has an organizational structure for facilitating storage and retrieval of the content items;
identifying logic executed by the processor for identifying from among the plurality of content items within the library, a first content item comprising at least one of image content and multimedia content;
identifying logic executed by the processor for identifying a plurality of monetizable features for the first content item, wherein each monetizable feature comprises a surface area within the first content item, the surface area identified using an image recognition technique to analyze the first content item's digital content to identify image and shape characteristics of the first content item, the surface area is for use in overlaying at least one second content item onto the surface area within the first content item, wherein the surface area meets a minimum threshold of appropriateness factors to display the at least one second content item;
displaying logic executed by the processor for causing display, at a client computing device, of at least a portion of the first content item including at least one of the surface areas and a plurality of monetization options for the each of at least one of the surface areas of the monetizable features identified for the first content item, the plurality of monetization options for a monetizable feature's surface area identifying options for selecting from a plurality of second content items available for overlaying onto the monetizable feature's surface area within the first content item, the monetization options for each of the at least one of the surface areas comprises a plurality of options representing at least one different available second content item;
receiving logic executed by the processor for receiving user input indicating a selected monetization option, from displayed monetization options, for a selected surface area identified for the first content item;
selecting logic executed by the processor for selecting a second content item for the selected surface area, the selecting comprising using the selected monetization option associated with the selected surface area and using contextual information associated with a viewing audience for use in selecting the second content item relevant to the viewing audience;
formatting logic executed by the processor for formatting the selected second content item for placement within the selected surface area of the first content item; and
generating logic executed by the processor for generating a composite content item, that is a digital content item generated, using the first content item and the selected second content item, by placing the second content item in the first content item at the selected surface area, wherein the selected second content item is associated with the first content item using the monetizable feature of the first content item, the composite content item for dissemination to the viewing audience via a number of computer devices and an electronic communications network.

US Pat. No. 10,192,235

COLLABORATIVE OPTIMIZATION OF ONLINE ADVERTISEMENT RETURN ON INVESTMENT

Red Hat, Inc., Raleigh, ...

1. A method comprising:receiving, from an advertiser system, a uniform resource locator (URL) designating a success online reference web page wherein a successful online advertisement event occurs when a client accesses the success online reference web page after accessing an advertisement online reference web page;
determining, by the processing device, a correlation value by matching a quantity of clickthroughs associated with a traffic originator and a plurality of successful events associated with the traffic originator, wherein the correlation value represents a revenue share amount associated with the traffic originator;
storing the correlation value in cache of the server;
computing, by the processing device, an advertisement placement penalty associated with the traffic originator, wherein a low correlation value results in a high advertisement placement penalty and a high correlation value results in a low advertisement placement penalty;
receiving, by the processing device from the traffic originator, a bid value associated with a first webpage;
adjusting, by the processing device, the bid value in view of the advertisement placement penalty to identify an adjusted bid value;
determining, by the processing device, a scaling factor associated with an online advertisement, the scaling factor representing a first utility value scaled in view of a first number of insertion points available to display the online advertisement on the first webpage and a second utility value scaled in view of a second number of insertion points available to display the online advertisement on a second web page, wherein the second web page occurs after the first web page in an identified sequence;
causing, by the processing device, a display of the online advertisement on one of the first web page or the second web page in view of the adjusted bid value multiplied by the scaling factor;
receiving, in response to the display of the online advertisement, a request for the online advertisement comprising a first URL string; and
determining, using query string preserving matching, the first URL string matches the URL designating the success online reference web page.

US Pat. No. 10,192,232

WIRELESS ELECTRONIC COUPONING TECHNIQUE

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code for one or more programs,
the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following,
receive an electronic coupon with coupon information, wherein the coupon information includes forwardability information that allows forwarding of the electronic coupon to one or more wireless mobile terminals;
store the coupon information in the apparatus;
display a visual representation of the electronic coupon based, at least in part, on the coupon information;
wirelessly transfer the coupon information to a point of sale (POS) terminal for validation and redemption based, at least in part, on the transmitted coupon information.

US Pat. No. 10,192,227

MEASUREMENTS BASED ON PANEL AND CENSUS DATA

comScore, Inc., Reston, ...

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of client systems configured to access resources on a network;
a first server system comprising one or more processors and one or more storage devices storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform the following operations:
receive a first set of information from a first subset of the client systems as a result of the first subset of the client systems accessing a first set of resources on a network, the first set of information being sent as a result of beacon instructions included with the first set of resources;
store a first set of usage data for the first set of resources, the first set of usage data having been determined based on the first set of information received from the first subset of the client systems;
receive a second set of information from monitoring applications installed on a second subset of the client systems that accessed a second set of resources, wherein users of the second subset of client systems are a sample of a larger group of users that use resources on the network, and wherein the second set of resources includes one or more common resources that are included in the first set of resources; and
store a second set of usage data for the second set of resources, the second set of usage data being determined based on the second set of information received from the second subset of the client systems, wherein the second set of usage data includes information about cookies stored by the second subset of client systems; and
a second server system comprising one or more processors and one or more storage devices storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform the following operations:
access usage measurement data determined based on the first set of usage data for the first set of resources;
access the second set of usage data for the second set of resources;
determine, based on the second set of usage data and not based on the first set of usage data, one or more adjustment factors associated with a characteristic present in the second set of usage data and not present in the first set of usage data;
apply the one or more adjustments factors to the usage measurement data to generate adjusted usage measurement data; and
generate one or more reports based on the adjusted usage measurement data.

US Pat. No. 10,192,218

METHOD, DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR ONLINE PAYMENT

TENCENT TECHNOLOGY (SHENZ...

1. A method of facilitating a payment transaction, comprising:at a client terminal having one or more processors and memory storing programs executed by the one or more processors,
receiving, from a user of the client terminal, transaction information including a payment amount and merchandise information for the payment transaction;
detecting current software and hardware capabilities of the client terminal;
identifying a plurality of input interfaces based on the transaction information and the current software and hardware capabilities of the client terminal;
sending an interface listing command identifying the plurality of input interfaces to a transaction server, wherein the interface listing command requests the transaction server to identify one or more acceptable input interfaces for receiving payment account information from the user;
in response to sending the interface listing command, receiving a payment input instruction from the transaction server, wherein the payment input instruction includes a listing of the one or more acceptable input interfaces that are customized by the transaction server from the plurality of input interfaces for receiving the payment account information from the user, and the one or more acceptable input interfaces are selected in accordance with the transaction information of the payment transaction and configured to be supported by the current software and hardware capabilities of the client terminal and acceptable by the transaction server;
based on the payment input instruction, generating a payment information interface for display at the client terminal, wherein the payment information interface presents the one or more acceptable input interfaces for user selection;
receiving, through the payment information interface, a first user selection of a respective one of the one or more acceptable input interfaces for receiving the payment account information;
in response to the first selection input, activating the first user-selected acceptable input interface for receiving the payment account information;
receiving the payment account information from the user through the activated acceptable input interface;
sending a payment request to the transaction server, wherein the payment request comprises the payment amount, user identity information and the received payment account information;
receiving a payment confirmation request from the transaction server for confirming one or more information items of the transaction information and the payment account information to complete the payment transaction;
in response to the payment confirmation request, identifying a plurality of alternative input interfaces for receiving payment verification information from the user for confirming the payment transaction, wherein the alternative input interfaces exclude the first user-selected acceptable input interface;
displaying a payment verification interface including the plurality of alternative input interfaces that exclude the first user-selected acceptable input interface;
receiving, through the payment verification interface, a second user selection of a respective one of the alternative plurality of input interfaces for receiving the payment verification information;
in response to the second selection input, activating the second user-selected alternative input interface for receiving the payment verification information;
receiving the payment verification information through the activated alternative input interface; and
sending the payment verification information to the transaction server.

US Pat. No. 10,192,214

PENDING DEPOSIT FOR PAYMENT PROCESSING SYSTEM

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method to deposit funds onto smart card computing devices, comprising:establishing, by a merchant computing device, a first network communication channel with a management computing system that manages an account associated with a smart card computing device;
transmitting, by the management computing system via the first communication channel, a teller access key to the merchant computing device;
establishing, by the merchant computing device, a second network communication channel with the management computing system;
establishing, by the merchant computing device, a proximity communication channel with the smart card computing device;
receiving, by the merchant computing device via the proximity communication channel, a smart card account number, a smart card verification number, and a smart card transaction history comprising a listing of previous deposit transactions and a listing of previous withdrawal transactions;
receiving, by the management computing system and via the second network communication channel from the merchant computing device, the smart card computing device transaction history and a deposit transaction request to credit a deposit transaction amount to the account associated with the smart card computing device, the deposit transaction request comprising the smart card account number, the smart card verification number, a deposit transaction record, and a certification by the merchant computing device using the teller access key;
authorizing, by the management computing system, the deposit transaction request by:
verifying, by the management computing system, an identity of the smart card computing device based at least in part on the smart card account number and the smart card verification number;
verifying, by the management computing system, the identity of the merchant computing device based on the certification by the merchant computing device using the teller access key from the deposit transaction request;
certifying, by the management computing system, the deposit transaction record with a teller signing key signature based on the verification of the identity of the smart card and the identity of the merchant computing device, the teller signing key signature certifying the identity of the smart card computing device and the user merchant computing device;
synchronizing, by the management computing system, a first transaction history maintained in the account associated with the smart card computing device with the smart card computing device transaction history received from the merchant computing device by:
analyzing the listing of previous withdrawal transactions,
capturing one or more offline withdrawal transactions missing from the first transaction history, and
determining one or more offline withdrawal transactions are missing from the smart card computing device transaction history;
writing, by the management computing system, the deposit transaction record to the account associated with the smart card computing device;
transmitting, by the management computing system, the certified deposit transaction record to the merchant computing device;
transmitting, by the merchant computing device, the certified deposit transaction record to the smart card computing device; and
receiving, by the management computing system, a second transaction history for the smart card computing device comprising a second listing of previous withdrawal transactions and a second listing of previous deposit transactions, the second listing of previous deposit transactions comprising a deposit confirmation indicating that the deposit transaction record was transmitted to the smart card computing device by the merchant computing device and that the deposit transaction request was completed.

US Pat. No. 10,192,212

PREPAID TRANSACTION HISTORY RECORD SYNCHRONIZATION ON A MOBILE COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Sprint Communications Com...

1. A method of collecting transaction records on a pre-paid mobile communication device, each step of the method performed by an application executing on a mobile communication device, the method comprising:sending a request to receive a plurality of transaction records of the mobile communication device, wherein the plurality of transaction records comprise information regarding wireless service carried out by a service provider on the mobile communication device including one or more voice call records, one or more message records, and one or more data connection records;
receiving the plurality of transaction records, wherein each transaction record comprises a transaction record identifier;
for each transaction record,
looking up a transaction record in a non-transitory portion of a memory of the mobile communication device based on a transaction identifier of the transaction record, wherein the non-transitory portion of the memory of the mobile communication device comprises a plurality of existing transaction records comprising transaction record identifiers from previously collected transaction records;
if the transaction record identifier of the transaction record does not match an existing transaction record identifier of a previously collected transaction record stored in the non-transitory portion of the memory of the mobile communication device, storing the transaction record and the transaction record identifier in the non-transitory portion of the memory of the mobile communication device;
determining a current account balance based on one or more transaction records stored in the non-transitory portion of the memory of the mobile communication device; and
generating and displaying a usage report that includes the current account balance.

US Pat. No. 10,192,206

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INTEGRATING DISCRETE INVOICES INTO A PERSONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND BILL PAYMENT SYSTEM AND THEN AGGREGATING DISCRETE INVOICES HAVING THE SAME PAYOR USER AND THE SAME PAYEE BUSINESS INTO A SINGLE PAYMENT DUE ITEM FOR PROCESSING

Intuit Inc., Mountain Vi...

1. A method for integrating discrete invoices into a personal financial management and bill payment system and then aggregating discrete invoices having the same payor user and the same payee business into a single payment due item for processing, the method comprising:obtaining access to invoice related financial transaction data generated by the one or more payee businesses, the invoice related financial transaction data representing two or more discrete invoices submitted by one or more payee businesses requesting payment by one or more payor users of the personal financial management and bill payment system, the invoice related financial transaction data including:
payee business identity data associated with each discrete invoice represented in the invoice related financial transaction data, the payee business identity data representing the identity of the payee business associated with each discrete invoice represented in the invoice related financial transaction data,
payor user identity data associated with each discrete invoice represented in the invoice related financial transaction data, the payor user identity data representing the identity of the payor user associated with each discrete invoice represented in the invoice related financial transaction data; and
invoice amount data associated with each discrete invoice represented in the invoice related financial transaction data, the invoice amount data representing the payment amount associated with each discrete invoice represented in the invoice related financial transaction data;
integrating the invoice related financial transaction data into personal financial management and bill payment system payment due data of the personal financial management and bill payment system, the personal financial management and bill payment system payment due data representing one or more bills associated with a user of the personal financial management and bill payment system to be paid through the personal financial management and bill payment system;
obtaining access to the personal financial management and bill payment system;
obtaining access to the personal financial management and bill payment system payment due data, including the integrated invoice related financial transaction data;
analyzing the personal financial management and bill payment system payment due data, including the integrated invoice related financial transaction data, to identify first payor user personal financial management and bill payment system payment due data of the user;
analyzing the first payor user personal financial management and bill payment system payment due data to identify first payor user invoice related financial transaction data, the first payor user invoice related financial transaction data representing two or more discrete invoices submitted by one or more payee businesses requesting payment from the first payor user;
analyzing the first payor user invoice related financial transaction data to identify the payee business identity data associated with each discrete invoice represented in the first payor user invoice related financial transaction data;
identifying a first payee business represented in the payee business identity data associated with two or more discrete invoices represented in the first payor user invoice related financial transaction data;
aggregating all the first payor user invoice related financial transaction data representing the two or more discrete invoices that include payee business identity data identifying the first payee business to generate aggregated first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction data;
analyzing the aggregated first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction data to identify the invoice amount data associated with each of the two or more discrete invoices represented in the aggregated first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction data;
adding the invoice amount data associated with each of the two or more discrete invoices represented in the aggregated first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction data to generate aggregated total first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction amount data representing a total amount owed to the first payee business by the first payor user of the personal financial management and bill payment system; and
processing the aggregated total first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction amount data as a single first payor user payment due item using the personal financial management and bill payment system, including applying aggregated first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction data processing rules to the aggregated first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction data wherein one of the rules includes a maximum age of any of the discrete invoices represented in the aggregated first payor user/first payee business invoice related financial transaction data.

US Pat. No. 10,192,203

MAINTENANCE SUPPORT SYSTEM, SERVICE PROVIDING METHOD, AND AUTHENTICATION DEVICE

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. A maintenance support system for providing a service for supporting maintenance of an image forming apparatus, the maintenance support system comprising:the image forming apparatus;
a management device; and
an information processing terminal,
wherein the image forming apparatus includes:
a first memory configured to store terminal identification information identifying the information processing terminal; and
a service request data generator configured to generate service request data including the terminal identification information stored in the first memory and send the service request data to the management device,
wherein the management device includes:
an information issuing processor configured to, upon receiving the service request data sent from the image forming apparatus, issue receipt identification information and send the receipt identification information to the image forming apparatus or the information processing terminal;
a second memory configured to store the terminal identification information included in the service request data and the receipt identification information issued by the information issuing processor in association with each other; and
a processor configured to, upon receiving the terminal identification information and the receipt identification information sent from the information processing terminal, compare the received terminal identification information and receipt identification information with the terminal identification information and receipt identification information stored in the second memory in association with each other, and output a result of the comparison, and
wherein the information processing terminal includes:
a third memory configured to store the terminal identification information;
an interface configured to receive input of the receipt identification information in accordance with operation by a user; and
a transmitter configured to send the received receipt identification information and the terminal identification information stored in the third memory to outside of the information processing terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,192,199

ENABLING SERVICE FEATURES WITHIN PRODUCTIVITY APPLICATIONS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method of operating enhanced productivity applications, the method comprising:identifying a user associated with a productivity application used to generate content;
identifying at least a first social network service with which the user is associated and a second social network service with which the user is not associated;
enabling a service feature within a feature menu of the productivity application, wherein the service feature corresponds to the first social network service and allows the user to perform a function on the content related to the first social network service; and,
disabling at least one other service feature within the feature menu of the productivity application, wherein the other service feature corresponds to the second social network service.

US Pat. No. 10,192,194

IN-VEHICLE PACKAGE LOCATION IDENTIFICATION AT LOAD AND DELIVERY TIMES

HAND HELD PRODUCTS, INC.,...

1. A delivery vehicle package locating system, the system comprising:a pularity of shelves for storing a plurality of packages, including at least a first shelf and a second shelf adjacent to the first shelf, wherein:
each shelf comprises a plurality of indicator lights in a row;
the first shelf comprises a plurality of emitting lights in a row along a first edge of the first shelf; and
the second shelf comprises a plurality of light sensors in a row on a second edge of the second shelf, wherein each light sensor on the second edge of the second shelf corresponds to an emitting light on the first edge of the first shelf;
a shelf control system communicatively coupled, via a shelf communication interface, to the plurality of indicator lights, the plurality of emitting lights, and the plurality of light sensors, and comprising a shelf processor and a shelf memory storing program codes;
wherein the shelf control system is operable to:
determine a width and a shelf-location of a package loaded on the first shelf based upon light from a plurality of the emitting lights on the first edge of the first shelf being blocked from corresponding light sensors on the second edge of the second shelf by the package; and
send the width and the shelf-location information for the package to a computer system; and
the computer system, comprising:
a computer communication interface; and
a computer control system communicatively coupled to the computer communication interface, and comprising a computer processor and a computer memory storing program codes;
wherein the computer system is operable to:
receive delivery-location information for the package;
receive package identification information for the package;
receive the width and the shelf-location information for the package from the shelf control system;
correlate and store the delivery-location information, the package identification information, and the width and the shelf-location information for the package;
determine vehicle-location information based upon current location of the delivery vehicle; and
send the shelf-location information for the package to the shelf control system responsive to determining that the vehicle-location information corresponds with the delivery-location information for the package; and
wherein the shelf control system is further operable to:
receive the shelf-location information for the package from the computer system; and
activate the indicator lights corresponding to the width and shelf-location of the package responsive to receiving the shelf-location information for the package from the computer system.

US Pat. No. 10,192,169

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MAKING EFFECTIVE USE OF SYSTEM RESOURCES

salesforce.com, inc., Sa...

1. A method comprising:receiving a plurality of requests for access to a resource with a training module of a on-demand services environment provided by one or more computing devices, each request having an associated group of features to be mapped to labels within the on-demand services environment;
generating a statistical model with the training module within the on-demand services environment, wherein the statistical model provides a prediction of resources required by a subsequent request based on features of the corresponding subsequent requests, the subsequent request received from a remote computing device;
allocating resources within the on-demand services environment to service the subsequent request based on the prediction;
utilizing the allocated resources within the on-demand services environment with the one or more computing devices to generate a result; and
transmitting the result to the remote computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,192,168

PROCESSING SIGNALS IN A QUANTUM COMPUTING SYSTEM

1. A quantum computing method comprising:generating quantum processor control information for a group of devices housed in a quantum processor cell, each device in the group having a distinct operating frequency;
generating a multiplexed control signal based on the quantum processor control information;
communicating the multiplexed control signal from a first, higher temperature stage to a second, lower temperature stage, wherein the second temperature stage comprises a low-noise, cryogenic environment;
communicating the multiplexed control signal on a physical channel into an input signal processing system, the input signal processing system operating in the low-noise, cryogenic environment;
separating device control signals from the multiplexed control signal by de-multiplexing the multiplexed control signal in the input signal processing system, wherein the multiplexed control signal is de-multiplexed by a de-multiplexer device operating in the low-noise, cryogenic environment from an input channel onto multiple output channels, the output channels comprising a distinct physical channel for each device in the group; and
communicating the respective device control signals on the output channels into the quantum processor cell for the group of devices, the quantum processor cell operating in the low-noise, cryogenic environment.

US Pat. No. 10,192,167

UTILIZING SPATIAL PROBABILITY MODELS TO REDUCE COMPUTATIONAL RESOURCE AND MEMORY UTILIZATION

1. A system comprising:a processing device;
a non-transitory, tangible medium that stores instructions that when executed by the processing device cause the system to perform operations comprising:
utilizing a spatial probability model, that relatively reduces memory utilization, computational resources and information distortion by comprising probability distributions that vary along intervals comprised by a time dimension corresponding to at least a length of a monotonic output sequence to determine at least one of the following:
a probability of a state comprised by a state superset of at least one of the following: a data unit, the monotonic output sequence, a data system or a systemic characteristic of the data system; or
a state subset comprising a subset of states comprised by the state superset,
the spatial probability model comprising a space, the space comprising a point corresponding to at least:
an interval comprised by the time dimension; and
an element comprised by a state dimension, the element corresponding to at least one of the following:
a possible data unit state of a first data unit comprised by the monotonic output sequence, or
a boundary of the state subset;
the point linking to a spatial probability value enabling a determination of a probability of an association or a correspondence between the point and at least a current second data unit state of a second data unit comprised by a second monotonic output sequence, the spatial probability value based, at least in part, on a number of associations or correspondences determined by at least a referencing system or a referencing function between the point and a data unit state of the first data unit comprised by the monotonic output sequence, wherein the spatial probability value is linked to or associated with at least one of the following:
the probability of the state comprised by the state superset, or the state subset,
utilizing the spatial probability model to perform at least one of the following:
a) relatively reducing memory utilization, computational resources or information distortion when utilizing the spatial probability model to recognize a pattern of at least one of the following: an input data system, a systemic characteristic of the input data system or a portion thereof, the pattern based, at least in part, on a variety of symbols or input data units comprised by the input data system corresponding to at least one of the following:
an encoded message comprising symbols, a document comprising graphemes or alphanumeric symbols, a digital picture comprising pixels, a waveform file comprising samples, a video file comprising picture frames, a digital scene comprising points, polygons or voxels, or a pseudorandom file comprising data with pseudorandom characteristics;
wherein performing a pattern recognition of the input data system, the systemic characteristic of the input data system, or a portion thereof, comprises at least:
receiving an ordered sequence of input data units comprised by the input data system and utilizing a sequence function to generate an input data unit comprised by an input monotonic output sequence based, at least in part, on the ordered sequence of input data units,
determining a match test output indicating a probability of a match or a probability of a similarity between the spatial probability model, comprising probability distributions that vary along intervals comprised by the time dimension, and at least one of the following: the input data system, the systemic characteristic of the input data system or a portion thereof: the probability of the match or the probability of the similarity based, at least in part, on a spatial probability output based, at least in part, on the spatial probability value linked to the point,
generating, based on the match test output, corresponding output data indicating whether the pattern of the input data system, the systemic characteristic of the input data system or a portion thereof is recognized by utilizing the spatial probability model and storing, processing, or transmitting the corresponding output data, or a portion thereof; or
b) utilizing a decoder or a forecaster that relatively reduces memory utilization, computational resources and information distortion when utilizing the spatial probability model to render, simulate, or forecast a generated data system corresponding to a rendering, simulation or forecast of at least one of the following: the encoded message comprising symbols, the document comprising graphemes or alphanumeric symbols, the digital picture comprising pixels, the waveform file comprising samples, the video file comprising picture frames, the digital scene comprising points, polygons or voxels, the pseudorandom file comprising data with pseudorandom characteristics, or a forecasted ordered sequence of data units corresponding to predicted data associated with a likelihood of occurring at a future interval or a previous interval comprised by the time dimension, wherein performing the rendering, simulation or forecast of the generated data system by the decoder or forecaster comprises at least:
receiving a first message comprising an ordered list of identifiers representing at least one of the following: the corresponding output data, a state subset type indicating a known spatial probability model, or a current interval comprised by the time dimension,
generating a generated data unit state of a generated data unit comprised by a generated monotonic output sequence based, at least in part, on determining the spatial probability output
based, at least in part, on the spatial probability value linked to the point,
storing, processing, or transmitting the generated data system based, at least in part, on the generated monotonic output sequence, wherein the first message comprising the ordered list of identifiers is with reduced average information entropy or less detail of information than the generated data system; or
c) relatively reducing memory utilization, processing resources and information distortion when generating analyzed data of at least one of the following: statistics data or a time series of statistics data: wherein performing the generation of analyzed data comprises at least:
generating analyzed data based, at least in part, on determining shapes or patterns of probability distributions that vary along the time dimension corresponding to at least the length of the monotonic output sequence, resulting in an analyzation of complex relationships of long sequences of data units comprised by the statistics data or the time series of statistics data and storing, processing, or transmitting the analyzed data.

US Pat. No. 10,192,165

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NAVIGATING MULTI-DIMENSIONAL DECISION TREES USING ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATE NODES

VMware, Inc., Palo Alto,...

1. A method for navigating a multi-dimensional decision tree, the method comprising:determining a target child node from a plurality of child nodes of a parent node on the multi-dimensional decision tree based on a first attribute value of each of the child nodes, the multi-dimensional decision tree being a decision tree for resource management operations for a cluster of physical host computers, wherein the parent node represents a state of the cluster of physical host computers and wherein the target child node represents a first consequential state of the cluster of physical host computers that can be achieved from the state of the cluster of physical host computers represented by the parent node;
determining at least one acceptable alternative child node of the target child node from the plurality of child nodes based on an acceptance delta parameter for the first attribute value, the acceptance delta parameter defining a value range about the first attribute value of the target child node within which a child node is determined to be an acceptable alternative child node of the target child node, wherein each of the at least one acceptable alternative child node represents a second consequential state of the cluster of physical host computers that can be achieved from the state of the cluster of physical host computers represented by the parent node;
selecting an end child node from the target child node and the at least one acceptable alternative child node based on a second attribute value of each of the target child node and the at least one acceptable alternative child node, wherein the parent node and the end child node define a single step of a navigation path for the multi-dimensional decision tree that affects an operational state of the cluster of physical host computers; and
performing a load balancing operation for the cluster of physical host computers based on the selected end child node.

US Pat. No. 10,192,154

INFORMATION REPRODUCTION/I/O METHOD USING DOT PATTERN, INFORMATION REPRODUCTION DEVICE, MOBILE INFORMATION I/O DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC TOY USING DOT PATTERN

1. A dot pattern comprising:reference dots that define a first direction line being vertical or horizontal and a second direction line perpendicularly crossing with the first direction line, and that are equally spaced along the first direction line or the second direction line;
at least one dot for recognition of at least one of a range and an orientation of the dot pattern, that is arranged by shifting at least one of the reference dots from the first direction line or the second direction line to a position in a range narrower than an equidistance between the reference dots, or, that is arranged at a position that is shifted from the first direction line or the second direction line in a range narrower than an equidistance between the reference dots in addition to at least one of the reference dots; and
information dots that define information by either (A) or (B);
(A) an arrangement of shifting the information dots from virtual points that are intersections of virtual lines that pass though the reference dots defining the second direction line and are parallel to the first direction line and virtual lines that pass though the reference dots defining the first direction line and are parallel to the second direction line;
(B) an arrangement of shifting the information dots from virtual points that are center points of lattice areas each of which is surrounded by a lattice including the reference dots.

US Pat. No. 10,192,152

DATA PROCESSING APPARATUS, DATA PROCESSING METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A data processing apparatus that selects a processing scheme for target data, the data processing apparatus comprising:a scheme selecting unit configured to select a processing scheme; and
a data processor configured to process the target data,
wherein the processing scheme is selected from among a plurality of candidates by using a degree of compression of the target data as compressed by the corresponding one of the plurality of candidates as an index, and that performs data processing on the target data by using the selected processing scheme, the plurality of candidates including a processing scheme in which data which has been compressed is subjected to the data processing, and a processing scheme in which data is expanded and then subjected to the data processing,
wherein the plurality of candidates includes a processing scheme in which data is re-compressed and then subjected to the data processing.

US Pat. No. 10,192,150

PRINT ENGINE WITH PRINT-MODE-DEPENDENT PULSE TIMING FUNCTIONS

EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY, R...

1. A print engine adapted to print image data, comprising:a printer module for printing image data in a plurality of different print modes, the printer module including a printhead having a plurality of light sources for exposing a photosensitive medium, wherein each print mode has an associated line print time, the line print time being the amount of time that the printhead takes to print a line of image data;
a data interface that receives image data and associated metadata for a print job from a pre-processing system, wherein the metadata includes print mode metadata that provides an indication of the print mode that is to be used to print the image data;
a digital memory that stores a plurality of pulse timing functions, each pulse timing function defining an exposure time as a function of an integer pulse count, wherein each pulse timing function corresponds to one of the line print times associated with the plurality of print modes;
a metadata interpreter that interprets the metadata and determines the print mode to be used to print the image data; and
a printer module controller that controls the printer module to print the image data responsive to the determined print mode, wherein the printer module controller controls the printhead using the pulse timing function corresponding to the line print time associated with the print mode, each light source being activated for a pulse count corresponding to a pixel code value of an associated image pixel of the image data;
wherein the pulse timing functions associated with each of the line print times are determined to provide an aim exposure function, the aim exposure function defining an aim exposure to be provided by the light sources as a function of the pulse count, and wherein the pulse timing functions are determined by a process including:
a) providing an initial pulse timing function for a particular line print time which defines an exposure time as a function of pulse count;
b) determining a light output function for the light sources responsive to the pulse timing function, wherein the light output function gives a light output of the light sources as a function of exposure time;
c) updating the pulse timing function responsive to the light output function and the aim exposure function;
d) repeating steps b)-c) until a predefined iteration termination criterion is satisfied; and
e) storing the pulse timing function in the digital memory for use with the particular line print time.

US Pat. No. 10,192,141

DETERMINING SCALE OF THREE DIMENSIONAL INFORMATION

APPLICATION SOLUTIONS (EL...

1. A method for determining scale of three dimensional information related to a vehicle comprising:receiving a first sequence of images from a first camera and a second sequence of images from a second camera;
identifying candidate points representing features common to two or more of the images of the first sequence and identifying candidate points representing features common to two or more of the images of the second sequence;
deriving three dimensional information from the images based on changes in position of candidate points between the images of the first sequence and deriving three dimensional information from the images based on changes in position of candidate points between the images of the second sequence;
identifying candidate points associated with a reference feature in the images of the first sequence and identifying candidate points associated with a reference feature in the images of the second sequence; and
determining a first scale of the three dimensional information based on a distance between the first camera and the reference feature, determining a second scale of the three dimensional information based on a distance between the second camera and the reference feature;
wherein identifying candidate points associated with the reference feature comprises selecting only from candidate points falling within a portion of the image corresponding to a part of the field of view of the first camera and the second camera, respectively; and
mounting the first camera on the vehicle as a forward facing camera and the second camera as a rear facing camera;
gathering the first and second image sequences simultaneously from the first and the second camera; and
wherein the reference feature for the first and the second sequence is a ground plane.

US Pat. No. 10,192,137

AUTOMATIC RULER DETECTION

MorphoTrak, LLC, Anaheim...

1. A system comprising:a camera; and
one or more computing devices comprising a processor and a memory coupled to said processor, wherein said memory comprises computer-executable instructions that, when executed by said processor, cause the one or more computing device to perform operations comprising:
receiving, from the camera, a sample image that includes a fingerprint and a mensuration reference device, wherein the sample image is associated with a resolution;
processing the sample image to generate a gradient image of the sample image, wherein:
the gradient image comprises a plurality of pixels, and
each pixel within the plurality of pixels is associated with a gradient value representing a respective change in pixel intensity of a corresponding pixel in the sample image with respect to neighboring pixels along an x-direction and neighboring pixels along a y-direction;
identifying a set of edge pixels in the gradient image, the set of edge pixels including pixels in the gradient image that each have a gradient value that satisfies a predetermined threshold;
generating an orientation map for the sample image based on identifying the set of edge pixels in the gradient image, the orientation map specifying a respective orientation for each edge pixel included in the orientation map;
identifying, within a spatial domain of the orientation map, a plurality of edge candidate groups, wherein each of the plurality of edge candidate groups (i) include two or more edge pixels that have respective orientations satisfying a threshold similarity and (ii) identify regions of the sample image that are predicted to be occupied by a mensuration reference device;
determining a set of regularity characteristics for each of the plurality of edge candidate groups;
determining that the set of regularity characteristics for a particular edge candidate group, from among the plurality of edge candidate groups, matches a set of reference regularity characteristics that indicates a mensuration reference device;
extracting a set of predicted ruler marks from the particular edge candidate group based on determining that the set of regularity characteristics for the particular edge candidate group matches the set of reference regularity characteristics that indicates a mensuration reference device;
computing a scale associated with the sample image based at least on extracting the set of predicted ruler marks from the particular edge candidate group; and
generating, based at least on the scale associated with the sample image, a scaled image; and
providing the scaled image for output.