US Pat. No. 10,772,089

METHOD AND BASE STATION FOR CONFIGURING NON-ANCHOR PHYSICAL RESOURCE BLOCK, AND METHOD AND USER EQUIPMENT FOR DETERMINING LOCATION OF NON-ANCHOR PHYSICAL RESOURCE BLOCK

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A user equipment (UE) comprising:receiving circuitry configured to receive indication information indicating whether a non-anchor physical resource block (PRB) is in in-band of an LTE carrier or in a guard band of the LTE carrier, and to receive, in a case that (a) an anchor PRB is in the guard band of the LTE carrier, and (b) the indication information indicates that the non-anchor PRB is in in-band of the LTE carrier, a non-anchor PRB configuration which indicates that the non-anchor PRB is in in-band of the LTE carrier and indicates a first offset from a middle PRB in a set of LTE in-band PRBs; and
determination circuitry configured to determine, based on the non-anchor PRB configuration, a location of the non-anchor PRB in the set of LTE in-band PRBs, wherein
the receiving circuitry is configured to receive an anchor PRB configuration, in a case that the anchor PRB is in in-band of the LTE carrier,
the anchor PRB configuration indicates that the anchor PRB is in in-band of the LTE carrier and indicates a second offset from the middle PRB in the set of LTE in-band PRBs,
the first offset is an integer number selected from a first range,
the second offset is an integer number selected from a second range different from the first range, and
the non-anchor PRB is different from the anchor PRB in that:
the non-anchor PRB is a PRB used by the UE for receiving a unicast transmission related to NarrowBand IOT (NB-IoT), but not used by the UE for receiving a primary synchronization signal (PSS), a secondary synchronization signal (SSS), a master system information block (MIB), and a system information block (SIB), each of which is related to the NB-IoT; and
the anchor PRB is a PRB used by the UE for receiving the PSS, the SSS, the MIB, and/or the SIB.

US Pat. No. 10,772,082

CONTROL CHANNEL SIGNALING USING A COMMON SIGNALING FIELD FOR TRANSPORT FORMAT, REDUNDANCY VERSION, AND NEW DATA INDICATOR

Optis Wireless Technology...

1. A radio terminal for use in a radio communication system, the radio terminal comprising:a receiver for receiving a physical downlink control channel signal, and
a transmitter for physical uplink shared channel transmission,
wherein the physical downlink control channel signal is associated with the physical uplink shared channel transmission and includes control information comprising a transport block size used for the physical uplink shared channel transmission, a redundancy version used for the physical uplink shared channel transmission, and a new data indicator used for the physical uplink shared channel transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,772,080

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A wireless communication device comprising:circuitry configured to
perform wireless communication using an interleave process with another wireless communication device; and
(i) determine a quantity of radio resources available for transmission by the wireless communication device, (ii) determine a modulation scheme used for the wireless communication performed by the wireless communication device, and (iii) control, in accordance with the determined quantity of radio resources and determined modulation scheme, an interleave length in the interleave process performed by the wireless communication device.

US Pat. No. 10,771,681

IMAGING PICKUP APPARATUS OF WHICH DISPLAY START TIMING AND DISPLAY QUALITY ARE SELECTABLE, METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image pickup apparatus comprising:an image pickup device which converts a received light into an electrical signal to output image data;
a first memory which stores the output image data;
a first development circuit which develops the output image data to generate first display data;
a second development circuit which develops the output image data to generate second display data which has larger amount of data than that of the first display data;
a second memory which stores the output image data or the second display data developed by the second development circuit;
a first transfer circuit which transfers the image data stored in the first memory to the second memory;
a second transfer circuit which transfers the first display data to a display device; and
a third transfer circuit which transfers the second display data stored in the second memory to the display device,
wherein the second development circuit and the third transfer circuit are in a power-saving mode while the first display data is displayed on the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,770,820

CONDUCTIVE TERMINAL AND CONNECTOR

Tyco Electronics (Shangha...

1. A conductive terminal, comprising:a body; and
a pair of first elastic cantilevers adapted to clamp a first conductor, the pair of first elastic cantilevers are connected to the body and accommodated within a first accommodation chamber formed in the body, the body has a first elastic support structure, a free end of each first elastic cantilever is elastically supported on an inner wall of the first accommodation chamber by the first elastic support structure when the first conductor is clamped between the pair of first elastic cantilevers,
wherein the first elastic support structure includes a first protrusion disposed on the inner wall of the first accommodation chamber and a first aperture formed through and surrounded by the body, and
wherein the first aperture is disposed adjacent the first protrusion so that the first protrusion is elastically deformable under compression into the first aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,769,219

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GRAPHICALLY BUILDING WEIGHTED SEARCH QUERIES

Overstock.com, Inc., Mid...

1. A method of performing an electronic search of a database and generating a combined ranked item list, said method comprising:generating a search creation interface on a display of a user electronic device, the search creation interface providing a set of graphical icons, an icon selection tool, an interface feature that allows users to select preferred ones from the set of graphical icons, and an icon weighting tool;
processing user input acquired through user interaction with the icon selection tool and the interface feature to define at least two selected ones of the graphical icons from the set of graphical icons;
processing user input acquired through user interaction with the icon weighting tool to define a search weighting preference for each of the at least two selected ones of the graphical icons;
processing the at least two selected ones of the graphical icons to generate a ranked item list for each of the at least two selected ones of the graphical icons by conducting a search of a database using keywords associated with each of the set of graphical icons to return a ranked item list for each of the at least two selected ones of the graphical icons,
wherein the ranked item lists each comprise items having an associated numerical ranking relative to other items in the ranked item list;
processing the search weighting preferences and the ranked item lists for the at least two selected ones of the graphical icons to generate a weighted ranked item list for each of the at least two selected ones of the graphical icons;
processing the weighted ranked item lists for the at least two selected ones of the graphical icons to form a combined ranked item list; and
displaying the combined ranked item list on the display of the user electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,772,085

SHORT PUCCH FORMATS AND SCHEDULING REQUEST (SR) TRANSMISSION FOR 5TH GENERATION (5G) NEW RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGY (NR)

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A user equipment (UE), comprising:a processor; and
a memory in electronic communication with the processor, wherein instructions stored in the memory are executable to:
determine a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) resource and a PUCCH format; and
transmit uplink control information (UCI) on the PUCCH resource using the PUCCH format, wherein
in a case where the PUCCH format is a 2-symbol PUCCH and is up to 2 bits, the UCI is repeated in two symbols using repetition of a 1-symbol PUCCH, and
in a case where the PUCCH format is a 2-symbol PUCCH and is more than 2 bits, the UCI is jointly encoded, the encoded UCI bits are distributed across two symbols, and if the UCI includes HARQ-ACK and scheduling request (SR), SR bits are appended to HARQ-ACK bits and the HARQ-ACK bits and the SR bits are jointly encoded.

US Pat. No. 10,772,084

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SCHEDULING INFORMATION FOR A DOWNLINK DATA CHANNEL

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

1. A method comprising:transmitting scheduling information to a user equipment regarding a downlink data channel in a slot,
where the scheduling information includes information regarding at least a set of allocated subcarriers and
the downlink data channel requires the user equipment to send an immediate hybrid automatic repeat request acknowledgement feedback within the slot; and
transmitting downlink data by using every x-th subcarrier among the allocated subcarriers in the last symbol of the downlink data channel,
wherein every x-th subcarrier comprises every subcarrier that skips a number of subcarriers,
wherein the method further comprises setting a value of x based on user equipment processing capability corresponding to at least the user equipment processing time of downlink data and indicating to the user equipment the value of x, and
wherein x comprises a positive integer greater than one.

US Pat. No. 10,772,081

AIRTIME-BASED PACKET SCHEDULING FOR WIRELESS NETWORKS

Extreme Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving first and second data packets as part of network traffic of a network destined for one or more wireless devices accessing the network through a wireless connection;
determining a first quality of service (QoS) profile associated with the first data packet and a second (QoS) profile associated with the second data packet;
determining a first token cost of transmitting the first data packet based on a first estimated airtime for transmitting the first data packet and a second token cost of transmitting the second data packet based on a second estimated airtime for transmitting the second data packets;
determining a first token balance of the first (QoS) profile and a second token balance of the second (QoS) profile, the first and second token balances being an amount of network bandwidth of the network allocated to the first and second quality of service profiles, respectively;
determining whether the first and second token costs exceed the first and second token balances, respectively;
upon determining that the first token cost does not exceed the first token balance, deducting the first token cost from the first token balance and forwarding the first data packet to a wireless device of the one or more wireless devices;
upon determining that the second token cost does not exceed the second token balance, deducting the second token cost from the second token balance and forwarding the second data packet to the wireless device;
periodically increasing the first and second token balances, a first increase amount of the first token balance being greater than a second increase rate of the second token balance;
monitoring a transmission of the first data packet to the wireless device to determine a first actual airtime usage; and
updating the first token balance based on the first actual airtime usage.

US Pat. No. 10,772,079

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SIGNALLING RESOURCE ALLOCATION INFORMATION IN AN ASYMMETRIC MULTICARRIER COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for receiving resource allocation information in a multicarrier communication system, the method comprising:receiving resource allocation information in a control region included in a subframe on a primary downlink carrier, wherein the resource allocation information includes information indicating a start time for a downlink allocation interval for a secondary downlink carrier and information indicating a start time for an uplink allocation interval for a secondary uplink carrier,
identifying resources allocated in the downlink allocation interval for the secondary downlink carrier and the uplink allocation interval for the secondary uplink carrier based on the resource allocation information, wherein the downlink allocation interval is included in a part of a first subframe and a part of a second subframe on the secondary downlink carrier and starts at a first predefined offset after a start time of the subframe on the primary downlink carrier, wherein the uplink allocation interval is included in a part of a third subframe and a part of a fourth subframe on the secondary uplink carrier and starts at a second predefined offset after the start time of the subframe on the primary downlink carrier, wherein a duration of the downlink allocation interval is equal to a duration of one subframe, and wherein a duration of the uplink allocation interval is equal to the duration of one subframe; and
wherein each of frequencies of the secondary downlink carrier and the secondary uplink carrier is higher than a frequency of the primary downlink carrier, and
wherein transmission time intervals (TTIs) for both the secondary uplink carrier and the secondary downlink carrier are smaller than TTIs for the primary downlink carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,772,078

TECHNIQUES AND APPARATUSES FOR SYNCHRONIZATION SIGNAL RESOURCE SELECTION FOR A WIRELESS BACKHAUL NETWORK

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:determining, by a wireless node, a connectivity state of the wireless node with respect to a wireless network, wherein the connectivity states indicates: that a threshold amount of time has not elapsed since the wireless node lost a connection with at least one other wireless node, and one or more of: that the wireless node is an anchor node that is connected to a core network, or a number of hops from the wireless node to the anchor node that is connected to the core network; determining, by the wireless node, a set of resources available for one or more synchronization communications based at least in part on the connectivity state; selecting, by the wireless node, one or more resources from the set of resources using a reference timing associated with a cluster of wireless nodes in communication with the wireless node; and transmitting, by the wireless node, the one or more synchronization communications using the one or more resources.

US Pat. No. 10,772,077

CELL RADIO NETWORK TEMPORARY IDENTIFIER C-RNTI ALLOCATION METHOD AND DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method, comprising:randomly determining, by an entity at which a serving cell is located, a start position of a cell radio network temporary identifier (C-RNTI) interval range for selecting a C-RNTI when a user equipment (UE) accesses the serving cell, wherein the C-RNTI interval range is smaller than a C-RNTI value range;
randomly selecting, by the entity at which the serving cell is located, a C-RNTI for the UE from the C-RNTI interval range; and
allocating, by the entity at which the serving cell is located, the selected C-RNTI to the UE.

US Pat. No. 10,772,072

RESERVED RANGE OF TMGI FOR RECEIVE-ONLY MODE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

13. A method for receiving a Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service (MBMS) Service on a computing device, comprising:receiving a list of Temporary Mobile Group Identifiers (TMGIs) for broadcast services in a network on a computing device from a broadcast channel, wherein each TMGI on the list of TMGIs is generated through a combination of each MBMS Service ID with a core network (CN) agnostic public land mobile network (PLMN) ID, and wherein the CN agnostic PLMN ID includes a shared mobile country code (MCC) value and/or a shared mobile network code (MNC) value that does not identify any specific CN;
determining, in the computing device, whether any of the TMGIs on the list correspond to a receive-only mode (ROM) Service Announcement (SA) based at least in part on any of the TMGIs being within ranges allocated to ROM SA services;
obtaining a list of ROM service TMGIs from the ROM SA in response to determining that any of the TMGIs on the list correspond to the ROM SA; and
acquiring a ROM service supported by the computing device using at least one of the ROM service TMGIs.

US Pat. No. 10,772,065

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SUPPLYING LOCATION INFORMATION TO AN APPARATUS CONNECTED TO A NETWORK ACCESS POINT

ORANGE, Paris (FR)

12. A device for obtaining location information, that can be connected to a local communication network of a network access point, said device being configured to access an access network via said network access point when said device is connected to said local communication network, the device comprising:a processor; and
a non-transitory computer-readable medium comprising instructions stored thereon, which when executed by the processor configure the device to perform acts comprising:
sending, via the local communication network, to said network access point a request for location information, wherein said request sent by said device is a DISCOVER message according to a DHCP protocol comprising, in an OPTION field, an indication relating to the request for said location information, and
receiving from said network access point, via the local communication network, said location information, said location information being geographic location information of the network access point certified by an operator of the access network, wherein said certified geographic location information received by said device is received in an OFFER response message according to the DHCP protocol in response to said request sent by said device.

US Pat. No. 10,772,056

WAKEUP RADIO (WUR) PACKET PREAMBLE DESIGN

Marvell Asia Pte, Ltd., ...

1. A method, performed by a first communication device, for transmitting a wakeup packet, the method comprising:determining, at a first communication device, a data rate for a wakeup packet body of the wakeup packet;
selecting, at the first communication device, a sync portion for the wakeup packet from a set of multiple candidate sync portions based on the determined data rate, wherein the multiple candidate sync portions in the set are configured to indicate respective data rates, and wherein each candidate sync portion comprises a respective plurality of on-off keying-modulated (OOK-modulated) sync symbols;
generating, at the first communication device, a first portion of the wakeup packet, wherein the first portion of the wakeup packet corresponds to a wireless local area network (WLAN) legacy preamble of the wakeup packet, and wherein the first portion spans a first frequency bandwidth;
generating, at the first communication device, a second portion of the wakeup packet, wherein the second portion of the wakeup packet spans a second bandwidth that is less than the first bandwidth, and wherein:
generating the second portion of the wakeup packet includes i) generating the selected sync portion to indicate to the second communication device the determined data rate of the wakeup packet body, and ii) generating the wakeup packet body according to the determined data rate, wherein generating the selected sync portion includes selecting each sync symbol in the selected sync portion from a set including a) a non-zero energy sequence and b) a zero energy sequence to enable the second communication device to:
detect the sync portion based on i) one or more respective autocorrelations, generated at the second communication device, between expected adjacent sync symbols corresponding to the non-zero energy sequence and ii) one or more energy levels, measured at the second communication device, of expected sync symbols corresponding to the zero energy sequence, and
determine a symbol timing using the one or more respective autocorrelations; and
transmitting, by the first communication device, the wakeup packet.

US Pat. No. 10,772,033

AVOIDING RESELECTION OF A FAKE CELL IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORK

MediaTek Singapore Pte. L...

1. A method, comprising:transmitting a first request for a network service in a first cell of a wireless communication network of a radio access technology (RAT) belonging to a selected public land mobile network (PLMN) from user equipment;
receiving a first reject message without integrity protection in the first cell of the wireless communication network of the RAT belonging to the selected PLMN at the user equipment;
in response to receiving the first reject message, adding the first cell of the wireless communication network of the RAT belonging to the selected PLMN to a set-aside cell list that uses a cell identity (ID) to represent each cell on the set-aside cell list, wherein each cell on the set-aside cell list is added to the set-aside cell list in response to receiving a reject message without integrity protection in the respective cell; and
in response to receiving the first reject message, selecting a cell from other cells of the wireless communication network of the RAT belonging to the selected PLMN that are not included in the set-aside cell list to request the network service, wherein the selected cell and the first cell belong to the same PLMN, and are of the same RAT.

US Pat. No. 10,772,030

MOTION-BASED MANAGEMENT OF A WIRELESS PROCESSOR-BASED DEVICE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus of a wireless device, the wireless device including a Wi-Fi interface and a cellular interface, the apparatus comprising:a speed sensor including one or more accelerometers;
memory; and
processing circuitry, configured to:
monitor movement of the wireless device by polling signals from the accelerometers exclusive of signals from any other sensor to determine a speed of the wireless device;
determine, using only the monitored movement, that the wireless device is in a car when the monitored movement indicates a speed in a range of speeds associated with driving or indicates that the wireless device is not moving and previously had a speed in the range of speeds associated with driving;
disable the Wi-Fi interface and provide an indication that the wireless device is not connected to a network via the Wi-Fi interface responsive to the monitored movement indicating that the wireless device is in the car and has a speed in the range of speeds associated with driving;
re-enable the Wi-Fi interface and provide an indication that the wireless device is connected via to the network the Wi-Fi interface responsive to a change in the monitored movement indicating that the wireless device is moving and has a speed less than the range of speeds associated with driving, such that the monitored movement indicates that the wireless device has a speed that is compatible with maintaining Wi-Fi connectivity;
inhibit the Wi-Fi interface from being re-enabled by any process operating on the wireless device, while the monitored movement indicates that the wireless device is in the car; and
attempt to maintain cellular network connectivity with the cellular interface when the Wi-Fi interface is disabled.

US Pat. No. 10,772,019

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VIDEO COMMUNICATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device for performing video communication, the electronic device comprising:a touch screen;
a memory storing instructions; and
at least one processor configured to execute the instructions to at least:
control to perform, through a communication interface of the electronic device, the video communication with an external device,
control to identify at least one video communication device capable of performing the video communication with the external device while performing the video communication with the external device,
while performing the video communication with the external device, control to display, on the touch screen, the identified at least one video communication device capable of performing the video communication with the external device,
while performing the video communication with the external device, control to obtain a touch input, via the touch screen, for selecting one of the identified at least one video communication device displayed on the touch screen, and
based on one of the identified at least one video communication device being selected, control to initiate an operation to change a device for the video communication from the electronic device to the selected one of the identified at least one video communication device while performing the video communication with the external device.

US Pat. No. 10,772,016

REAL-TIME USER TRAFFIC CLASSIFICATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

1. A device, comprising:a processor; and
a memory that stores computer executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
receiving, from a network node device of a wireless network, call trace event data for a wireless communication session between the network node device and a user equipment;
sequencing and combining the call trace event data during and for a period of the wireless communication session;
during the wireless communication session, analyzing the call trace event data to determine whether network communication traffic transmitted via a communication channel between the network node device and the user equipment comprises streaming video packets, wherein the call trace event data comprises a radio bearer traffic report comprising information indicating a download volume and an upload volume of the user equipment over a defined time period during a portion of the wireless communication session; and
in response to a determination, based on the analyzing, that the network communication traffic comprises the streaming video packets, initiating directing of network resources to be allocated to support the wireless communication session.

US Pat. No. 10,771,992

METRICS USING PARAMETERS FOR MULTIPLE RADIO CONFIGURATIONS

1. A node comprising:radio circuitry adapted to wirelessly connect to other devices in a wireless network using either a first radio configuration or a second radio configuration;
scan circuitry adapted to determine a first measurement related to using the radio circuitry to connect to an analysed device, of the other devices, using the first radio configuration and a second measurement related to using the radio circuitry to connect to the analysed device using the second radio configuration;
metric calculation circuitry adapted to calculate, for each device in the other devices, a metric, wherein each metric is calculated by adding:
a first value obtained by multiplying a first weighting greater than zero by the first measurement obtained for that device using the first radio configuration; and
a second value obtained by multiplying a second weighting greater than zero by the second measurement obtained for that device using the second radio configuration, the second weighting being different than the first weighting; and
selection circuitry adapted to select one of the other devices in dependence on the metric calculated for each of the other devices.

US Pat. No. 10,771,988

SIGNALING ASSESSMENT OF WIRELESS RECEIVERS

Cable Television Laborato...

1. A method for assessing a plurality of wireless receivers after deployment within a service area, the method comprising:receiving first radio data from a first plurality of the plurality of wireless receivers, the first plurality receiving a first ping transmitted from a first wireless receiver of the plurality of wireless receivers, the first radio data representing first signaling characteristics of the first ping as individually received at the first plurality;
receiving second radio data from a second plurality of the plurality of wireless receivers, the second plurality receiving a second ping transmitted from a second wireless receiver of the plurality of wireless receivers, the second radio data representing second signaling characteristics of the second ping as individually received at the second plurality; and
associating the first radio data with the second radio data to generate a signaling map of the service area for the first and second plurality.

US Pat. No. 10,771,980

COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE WITH SECURE DATA PATH PROCESSING AGENTS

Headwater Research LLC, ...

1. A wireless communications device comprising:an application execution environment and network stack to provide wireless network access for user application software executing in the application execution environment;
a policy enforcement client to implement a device communication activity policy applicable to wireless network access provided for the user application software;
a wireless modem chipset in network data path communication with the network stack, the wireless modem chipset including
a secure execution environment configured to be inaccessible to the user application software, the secure execution environment including signal processing elements and
one or more secure data path processing agents configured to:
execute in the secure execution environment,
monitor a device data communications activity that utilizes the wireless modem chipset to receive and transmit data passing between the network stack and a wireless network,
generate a device data record comprising information about the monitored device data communications activity, the information configured to assist a network element in determining whether the wireless communications device is operating or has operated in accordance with the device communication activity policy, and
send the device data record to the network element over a trusted communication link between the one or more data path processing agents and the network element; and
a trusted data path between the one or more secure data path processing agents and the signal processing elements wide area network port.

US Pat. No. 10,771,953

SELECTION OF COMMUNICATION PARTNERS USING LOCATION AND VELOCITY INFORMATION

1. A method performed by a first user equipment device for establishing a communication with at least one second user equipment device, the method comprising:receiving beacon signals from the at least one second user equipment device, the beacon signals providing location information concerning the at least one second user equipment device;
obtaining the location information from the beacon signals, either directly from the beacon signals or by measuring a property of the beacon signals;
using the beacon signals to derive a velocity measurement of the at least one second user equipment device;
performing a categorization by assigning the at least one second user equipment device to one or more categories using the velocity measurement;
selecting one or more of the at least one second user equipment devices as a communication partner using the categorization;
determining a communication mode to be used for communication with the communication partner from a set of possible communication modes using a function of the location information concerning the at least one second user equipment device obtained from the beacon signals, wherein the determining is performed in advance of establishing a connection with the communication partner.

US Pat. No. 10,771,952

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING EMERGENCY CODES TO A MOBILE DEVICE

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A method at a network node in a non-Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) network for providing emergency codes, the method comprising:receiving a request message from a user equipment (UE) at the network node, the request message comprising a request for emergency number information and a mobile country code (MCC); and
transmitting, to the user equipment from the network node, a response message, the response message including an indicator of an empty list of emergency numbers, wherein the response message with the indicator causes the UE to overwrite a previously received list of local emergency numbers with the empty list.

US Pat. No. 10,771,946

DYNAMIC TYPES FOR ACTIVITY CONTINUATION BETWEEN ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method, comprising:in a source electronic device, performing operations for:
receiving activity information from a first application of the source electronic device describing an activity performed in the first application;
determining dynamic type information describing an attribute of the activity performed in the first application corresponding to the activity information, the dynamic type information including a dynamic type identifier for the activity and indication of an account associated with the activity performed in the first application;
sending an activity advertisement message to a companion electronic device, the activity advertisement message comprising the dynamic type information;
in response to sending the activity advertisement message, receiving a request for extended activity data for the activity from the companion electronic device, wherein the companion electronic device includes a second application configured to perform a corresponding activity to the activity performed in the first application on the source electronic device; and
sending the extended activity data to the companion electronic device, the extended activity data being used to configure the second application on the companion electronic device to continue the activity.

US Pat. No. 10,771,942

OVER THE AIR IMAGE CONFIGURATION

Silicon Laboratories, Inc...

9. A system for modifying customizable parameters within a network device, comprising:a network device, comprising:
a network interface;
a processing unit; and
a memory device, wherein the memory device includes a nonvolatile memory; and
a configuration tool, comprising:
a network interface;
a processing unit; and
a memory device, comprising instructions, which when executed by the processing unit, allow the configuration tool to:
establish a network connection between the network interface of the network device and the network interface of the configuration tool, using a first network protocol;
issue an unlock sequence from the configuration tool to the network device using the network connection, wherein the unlock sequence is required to allow access to the nonvolatile memory in the network device so that new values may be written to the nonvolatile memory; and
download new values for the customizable parameters from the configuration tool to the network device using the network connection;
wherein the network device stores the new values in the nonvolatile memory.

US Pat. No. 10,771,938

VEHICLE COMMUNICATION DEVICE HAVING A PLURALITY OF COMMUNICATION MEANS

PSA Automobiles S.A., Po...

1. A communication device for a vehicle adapted to communicate with a remote server using one of a plurality of communication means; said communication device being on-board the vehicle and comprising a rule base to select a communication means to transmit data from the plurality of communication means; said communication device being adapted to determine a communication means of the plurality of communication means to use using said rule base; said determination being made as a function of on one or more of the following: a criticality of the data to be transmitted, price of communication, time period at which the data is to be transmitted, and a location of the vehicle at the time of transmission of data, wherein, the communication device is further designed to:check with said remote server when the vehicle starts up as to whether an update of the rule base is available,
download the rule base update, and
update the rule base using the downloaded rule base;
after transmission of a data frame; save data related to the communication, the data related to the communication comprising one or more of the following: the communication means used for the communication, a bandwidth, a latency, an error rate, geolocation data indicating the position of the vehicle at the time of transmission, and a size of the file or files transmitted; and
transmit the data related to the communication to the remote server for use by the remote server for updating the rule base.

US Pat. No. 10,771,924

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR COUNTING PEOPLE AT A TRANSPORT HUB BY MEANS OF DATA OF A TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK

TELECOM ITALIA S.p.A., M...

1. A method of counting individuals reaching or leaving a transport hub, said transport hub being comprised in a hub area included in a geographic area over which a mobile telecommunication network is adapted to manage communications of User Equipment to be used by individuals, the mobile telecommunication network being configured for recording event records each one indicating at least a time information and a position information of each event of interaction between the User Equipment and the mobile telecommunication network, the method comprising:defining at least two categories of individuals, the individuals in each of the at least two categories having a common purpose for reaching or leaving the transport hub;
for each of the at least two categories, defining at least one respective category pattern associated with said each category, each category pattern being a sequence of events of interaction between the User Equipment and a communication station of the mobile telecommunication network;
acquiring event records associated with the User Equipment from the mobile telecommunication network;
searching the event records associated with each User Equipment of a pool of User Equipment for identifying sequences of events of interaction matching a category pattern of the at least one category pattern, and
upon finding a match between a sequence of the sequences of events and the category pattern of the at least one category pattern, increasing a number of individuals belonging to the category associated with the category pattern of the at least one category pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,771,922

DETECTION OF MOBILE DEVICE LOCATION WITHIN VEHICLE USING VEHICLE BASED DATA AND MOBILE DEVICE BASED DATA

Allstate Insurance Compan...

1. A location analysis computing device comprising:a processing unit comprising at least one processor; and
a memory unit storing computer-executable instructions, which when executed by the processing unit, cause the location analysis computing device to:
receive vehicle sensor data collected by sensors of a vehicle, the vehicle sensor data comprising accelerometer data;
detect a first occurrence of an event in the vehicle sensor data by determining that a first change in a magnitude of the accelerometer data exceeds a first predetermined threshold;
receive mobile device sensor data collected by sensors of a mobile device located within the vehicle, the mobile device sensor data comprising further accelerometer data;
detect a second occurrence of the event in the mobile device sensor data;
calculate, based on the detected first occurrence of the event, a first occurrence vector comprising a first occurrence magnitude and a first occurrence angle;
calculate, based on the detected second occurrence of the event, a second occurrence vector comprising a second occurrence magnitude and a second occurrence angle;
compare the calculated first occurrence vector from the first occurrence of the event and the calculated second occurrence vector from the second occurrence of the event;
determine, based on a difference between the calculated first occurrence vector and the calculated second occurrence vector meeting a second predetermined threshold, that a first tire of the vehicle and a second tire of the vehicle hit a same bump in a road; and
determine, based on the comparison and determining that the first tire and the second tire hit the same bump, a position of the mobile device within the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,771,918

DYNAMIC GEOFENCING TECHNIQUES FOR GPS ENABLED COMMUNICATION DEVICES

Republic Wireless, Inc., ...

1. A method of tracking location data among a plurality of communication devices communicable with a communication server, comprising:in the communication server:
receiving, from a location enabled first communication device, an instruction to create a geofence around a location enabled second communication device;
requesting location data for both the first and second communication devices;
receiving the requested location data from the first and second communication devices;
comparing the location data of the first and second communication devices to determine how close they are to one another;
creating a geofence around the second communication device when the first and second communication devices are within a predetermined distance of one another wherein the geofence is in one of two states, the two states being paused and active wherein the paused state is characterized by the first and second communication devices both being within the boundary of the geofence, and the active state is characterized by the first communication device being within the boundary of the geofence and the second communication device being beyond the boundary of the geofence; and
notifying the first communication device when the second communication device ventures beyond the boundary of the geofence.

US Pat. No. 10,771,917

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOW POWER DATA ROUTING

Estimote Polska Sp z o.o....

1. A method comprising:at each venue node of a local node network, generating a respective venue node telemetry based on or one more sensor signals, wherein venue node telemetry comprises a venue node identifier, wherein the local node network comprises a plurality of individually-addressed venue nodes, each statically mounted to a known location of a first venue, wherein the first venue encloses a second venue;
at a first node, comprising a long-range radio and mounted to a second known location of the second venue, determining first node telemetry comprising a first node identifier;
at a remote computing system physically remote from the node network:
receiving the first node telemetry and the venue node telemetry from the first node using the long-range radio;
generating a notification for a user comprising node information, wherein the notification is generated based on the first node telemetry and a predetermined event; and
transmitting the notification to the first node using the long-range radio, wherein the first node forwards the notification to a device associated with the user.

US Pat. No. 10,771,916

DETERMINING A POSITION OF A WIRELESS DEVICE

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method implemented by a position determination node for determining a position of a wireless device within a single radio cell served by a plurality of remote radio heads, the method comprising:receiving a measured power signature comprising at least two separated in time power measurement values of a downlink signal, the measured power signature originating from the wireless device;
comparing the measured power signature with a set of reference power signatures, wherein each one of the plurality of remote radio heads is associated with a reference power signature and the reference power signatures differ for at least two of the plurality of remote radio heads; and
determining a position of the wireless device as being in the vicinity of one of the at least one remote radio head whose reference power signature best matches the measured power signature.

US Pat. No. 10,771,888

EAR-PLUG ASSEMBLY FOR HEAR-THROUGH AUDIO SYSTEMS

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. An ear-plug assembly comprising:an acoustic sensor configured to detect sounds from a local area surrounding a user;
a body configured to at least partially fit inside an ear canal of the user, the body configured to have a first aperture that is positioned between the acoustic sensor and an entrance of the ear canal, the first aperture being an entrance to a first acoustic waveguide that guides sound from the local area to a region within the body where the acoustic sensor is located; and
a speaker coupled to a portion of the body, the speaker configured to present audio content within the ear canal based in part on the sounds detected from the local area.

US Pat. No. 10,771,880

IN-EAR WIRELESS DEVICE

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An earbud comprising:a device housing including a speaker housing and an elongated tube integrally formed with and protruding away from the speaker housing;
an audio port formed through the speaker housing;
a mesh screen disposed across the audio port;
a speaker disposed in the speaker housing and aligned to emit sound through the audio port;
a microphone port formed at a distal end of the elongated tube;
a microphone disposed in the elongated tube and operatively coupled to receive sound through the microphone port;
an acoustic vent formed through the speaker housing to provide a path for acoustic pressure to vent;
a rechargeable battery disposed within the device housing;
a wireless antenna disposed within the device housing;
a user-interface touch control disposed on the device housing and operable to control a function of the earbud;
battery charging circuitry coupled to the rechargeable battery and positioned within the device housing, the battery charging circuitry configured to charge the rechargeable battery when connected to an external power supply; and
a plurality of electrical contacts disposed at an exterior surface of the device housing, the plurality of electrical contacts including at least one contact coupled to the battery charging circuitry and configured to receive electrical power from an external power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,771,873

AUDIO DEVICE WITH CHARGING CONTACTS ON PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

Bose Corporation, Framin...

1. An audio device comprising:a housing;
one or more loudspeakers within the housing;
one or more batteries within the housing;
battery charging circuitry within the housing and electrically coupled to the one or more batteries; and
a printed circuit board (PCB) at least partially within the housing, the PCB including charging contacts on a surface of the PCB, the charging contacts electrically coupled to the battery charging circuitry,
wherein the charging contacts and at least a portion of the surface of the PCB form an outer surface of the audio device.

US Pat. No. 10,771,872

TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT WITH LIMITED-BUFFER SWITCHES

Tibit Communications, Inc...

9. An apparatus for managing traffic in a network comprising at least a passive optical network (PON), comprising:a PON status module configured to obtain traffic status associated with the PON, wherein the traffic status corn rises one or more of: bandwidth utilization and a packet-dropping rate;
a traffic-shaping-factor-generation module configured to generate a traffic-shaping factor for the PON based on the traffic status; and
a traffic-shaping module configured to apply traffic shaping for each optical network unit (ONU) within the PON using the generated traffic-shaping factor, wherein the traffic-shaping factor determines a portion of a best-effort data rate to be provided to each ONU, and wherein, while generating the traffic-shaping factor, the traffic-shaping-factor-generation module is configured to:
in response to determining that the bandwidth utilization or the packet-dropping rate exceeds a predetermined threshold, reduce the traffic-shaping factor to reduce the portion of the best-effort data rate to be provided to each ONU.

US Pat. No. 10,771,867

VIDEO-GENERATING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Shutterstock, Inc., New ...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving, from a user device, an input video;
obtaining video from a video database using a machine-learning engine that is trained to obtain a matching video from the video database based on the input video;
generating an output video corresponding to the input video by replacing at least a portion of the input video with the matching video;
providing the output video to the user device;
identifying the video with the machine-learning engine based on a filter and the input video, wherein the output video matches at least one aspect of the input video and differs from at least another aspect of the input video according to the filter;
extracting a plurality of input clips from the input video;
identifying, for each input clip, a corresponding video clip that is stored in the video database using the machine-learning engine; and
matching the corresponding video clip in a sequence of corresponding video clips, to form a coherent scene in an output video by weighting, in the corresponding video clip, a descriptor based on a number of input clips that include the descriptor.

US Pat. No. 10,771,713

IMAGING CONTROL DEVICE, IMAGING CONTROL METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An imaging control device, comprising:processing circuitry configured to
determine that a shutter button is in a half-pushed state,
in response to the determination that the shutter button is in the half-pushed state,
calculate an initial phase of a flickering component of a signal component based on input image signals,
estimate a frequency of the flickering component based on a frame rate of an image sensor and the calculated initial phase, and
detect a timing of a peak of the flickering component,
determine that the shutter button is in a fully-pushed state, and
in response to the determination that the shutter button is in the fully-pushed state, synchronize an exposure timing with the timing of the peak of the flickering component on a basis of the frequency of the flickering component and the timing of the peak of the flickering component,
wherein the processing circuitry is configured to detect whether the flickering component exists in each color of primary color signals of the input image signals.

US Pat. No. 10,771,637

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus that forms an image on paper in accordance with a printing job, the image forming apparatus comprising:a communication unit that receives meeting information concerning a meeting, the meeting information including a video comprising images and voices captured in the meeting;
a storage unit that stores the meeting information received by the communication unit;
an editing control unit that edits the meeting information stored in the storage unit in accordance with an execution time of the printing job, the editing control unit being configured to edit a reproduction time of the meeting information such that the reproduction time is at most the execution time of the printing job;
an operation display unit that freely outputs the images or voices captured in the meeting based on the meeting information edited by the editing control unit; and
an output control unit that controls output of the images or voices captured in the meeting and output from the operation display unit,
wherein:
the output control unit finishes output of the images or voices captured in the meeting and output from the operation display unit before completion of the printing job;
the editing control unit edits the meeting information stored in the storage unit in accordance with progress in the meeting;
the editing control unit edits a reproduction time of the images or voices of the meeting information such that the reproduction time becomes the execution time of the printing job or shorter; and
the editing control unit adjusts a ratio of a first reproduction time of edited contents of the meeting information to a second reproduction time of real-time contents of the images or voices captured in the meeting in accordance with a knowledge level of a user who has instructed the printing job.

US Pat. No. 10,771,598

AUTONOMOUS MODE FIXED STATION INTERFACE FOR LEGACY BASE STATION EQUIPMENT

The Government of the Uni...

1. A method for a fixed station interface (FSI) of a communication system to operate in a plurality of modes comprising:transforming a V.24 message according to a conversion mode, comprising:
discarding, by a microcontroller of the FSI, a portion from a key-up command of a High-Level Data Link Control Protocol V.24 message from a data stream, the key-up command received prior to a header data unit and separated from the header data unit by at least a message bytes number indicator and a check indicator in the data stream that forms the V.24 message; and
transforming, by the microcontroller, the V.24 message with the discarded portion removed into an open-standard VoIP-based TIA-102.BAHA and Draft TIA-102.BAHA-A Project 25 compliant format; andsupporting connections between systems according to an autonomous mode comprising:establishing, by the microcontroller, a connection to at least one base station or other FSI automatically without involvement of a dispatch console.

US Pat. No. 10,771,471

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR USER AUTHENTICATION

Comptel Oyj, Helsinski (...

1. A method of user authentication in a telecommunication network including an authentication server with an authentication service, comprisingproviding previous behavior information of a user, wherein the previous behavior information of the user comprises at least one previous parameter used in one or more identity checks, and wherein the previous behavior information is based on previous behavior patterns of the user received and collected from one or more service providers in connection with the user's use of services provided by the one or more service providers, respectively, at least one of the one or more service providers including a prior service provider other than the authentication server;
receiving, by the authentication server, a request including at least one user behavior data for an authentication of the user after one or more threshold score values have been selected for the user,
the request for the authentication including an at least one parameter of at least one behavior of the user, wherein the user is requesting a service of a service provider,
the authentication including:
storing the at least one parameter of the at least one behavior of the user received during the authentication,
performing a first identity check of the user for the authentication, the first identity check including:
i) determining one or more score values based on the at least one parameter of the at least one behavior of the user and the previous behavior information of the user, and comparing the one or more score values with the one or more threshold score values to determine whether to pass the first identity check; and, based upon said comparing, selecting one of:
iia) passing the user for the first identity check; or, in the alternative:
iib) performing an additional identity check for a further authentication, further including checking of an identity of the user, if the first identity check of the user did not match with the one or more threshold score values for the user, by a score value different from one of the one or more score values.

US Pat. No. 10,771,356

PACKET PROCESSING METHOD, FORWARDING PLANE DEVICE AND NETWORK DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A network device, comprising:a receiver configured to receive a second packet from a forwarding plane device, wherein the second packet comprises an identity of a service and encapsulates a first packet comprising an identity of a user;
at least one processor coupled to the receiver and configured to manage the service according to the identity of the service in the second packet by generating a forwarding table entry according to the identity of the service in the second packet; and
a transmitter coupled to the processor, wherein the transmitter is configured to transmit the forwarding table entry to the forwarding plane device to support performance of an operation corresponding to the service to a packet based on the identity of the user according to an updated forwarding table, wherein the network device acts as a control plane device corresponding to the forwarding plane device.

US Pat. No. 10,771,347

METHOD, APPARATUS, AND COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM FOR DATA BREACH SIMULATION AND IMPACT ANALYSIS IN A COMPUTER NETWORK

Informatica LLC, Redwood...

1. A method executed by one or more computing devices for data breach simulation and impact analysis in a computer network, the method comprising:generating, by at least one computing device on the computer network, an exposure matrix corresponding to a plurality of data stores connected to the computer network, the exposure matrix storing a correspondence between one or more regulations and an exposure of each data store in the plurality of data stores to the one or more regulations;
generating, by the at least one computing device on the computer network, a plurality of approximation matrices from the exposure matrix by iteratively applying a data compression algorithm to the exposure matrix, each successive iteration of the data compression algorithm being configured to more closely approximate the exposure matrix than a previous iteration of the data compression algorithm;
simulating, by the at least one computing device on the computer network, a plurality of data breach and mitigation scenarios on the plurality of data stores based at least in part on the plurality of approximation matrices to determine an overall impact of each data breach and mitigation scenario; and
determining, by the at least one computing device on the computer network, an optimal data breach and mitigation scenario in the plurality of data breach and mitigation scenarios based at least in part on the overall impact corresponding to each data breach and mitigation scenario.

US Pat. No. 10,771,346

METHOD FOR MONITORING A NETWORK FOR ANOMALIES

Conti Temic microelectron...

1. A method for monitoring a network for anomalies, the network provided for data transmission and having a plurality of devices connected to one another overfixedly prescribed signal transmission paths, which comprises the steps of:assigning one of the devices to be a master device having a counter and a trigger apparatus, and by said master device a prescribed signal feature of a signal transmitted via the network is acquired;
reading, upon acquisition of the prescribed signal feature, a master counter state of the counter of the master device, corresponding to a time of the acquisition;
determining via an evaluation apparatus, under predetermined anomaly-free conditions, a setpoint value of at least one network-specific parameter defined by a physical property of the network, wherein a frequency difference between a frequency of a clock generator of an actual source device, from which the signal was transmitted, and a clock generator of the master device, coupled to the counter of the master device, forms the network-specific parameter;
determining a respective actual value of the at least one network-specific parameter by the evaluation apparatus from a difference between a read master counter state and a further counter state;
indicating an anomaly if a predetermined deviation criterion between the respective actual value and the setpoint value is met;
additionally acquiring a second prescribed signal feature of the signal by the trigger apparatus of the master device;
reading a second master counter state, corresponding to a time of an acquisition of the second prescribed signal feature, wherein the actual value of the frequency difference is determined on a basis of a difference between the master counter state and the second master counter state and taking into account a prescribed data transmission rate and/or network clock frequency used in the network and/or a communication protocol used in the network and/or a type of modulation used in the network;
calculating a relative frequency deviation as
?frel=?CX/?CXMM,
wherein
?CX indicates a number of cycles awaited by the actual source device between the transmission of the first and second prescribed signal features; and
?CXMM indicates the difference between the master counter state and the second master counter state.

US Pat. No. 10,771,321

TESTING AND DELIVERING VERIFICATION OF NETWORK CONFIGURATIONS

International Business Ma...

1. A system, comprising:a processor; and
a memory containing a program which when executed by the processor performs an operation comprising:
receiving an indication of a type and a target of a fault to inject in a network, wherein the network comprises a plurality of devices and a plurality of network elements, and wherein the type of the fault comprises flooding one or more of the plurality of network elements with garbage data by transmitting data that is not properly formatted;
generating at least a first predicted network map depicting a predicted configuration of the plurality of devices and the plurality of network elements subsequent to injecting the fault in the network;
injecting the fault at the target in the network, wherein injecting the fault at the target in the network comprises transmitting one or more control signals to the target in the network;
determining an amount of time that has elapsed since the garbage data was transmitted;
upon determining that the determined amount of time exceeds a predefined amount of time, generating an actual network map depicting an actual configuration of the plurality of devices and the plurality of network elements;
identifying, based on a comparison of the first predicted network map and the actual network map, at least one difference in the predicted and actual network maps; and
outputting for display an indication of the identified at least one difference.

US Pat. No. 10,771,314

LEARNING BASED INCIDENT OR DEFECT RESOLUTION, AND TEST GENERATION

ACCENTURE GLOBAL SOLUTION...

1. A learning based incident or defect resolution, and test generation apparatus comprising:a log data receiver, executed by at least one hardware processor, to ascertain historical log data that includes incident or defect log data associated with operation of a process;
a step action graph generator, executed by the at least one hardware processor, to generate, based on the historical log data, step action graphs;
an incident and defect action graph generator, executed by the at least one hardware processor, to generate, based on grouping of the step action graphs with respect to different incident and defect tickets, an incident and defect action graph for each of the incident and defect tickets;
a machine learning model generator, executed by the at least one hardware processor, to generate a machine learning model based on an analysis of the historical log data with respect to each of the incident and defect action graphs corresponding to the incident and defect tickets; and
an output generator, executed by the at least one hardware processor, to generate, based on an analysis of the machine learning model with respect to a new incident or defect, an output that includes a sequence of actions to at least one of reproduce, for the new incident, steps that result in the new incident, reproduce, for the new defect, an error that results in the new defect, identify a root cause of the new incident or defect, or resolve the new incident or defect.

US Pat. No. 10,771,311

COMMUNICATION OF EVENT MESSAGES IN COMPUTING SYSTEMS

International Business Ma...

1. A method, said method comprising:sending, by a first computer device to a second computer device via a broadcast or multicast communication, an event notification of a notifiable management event, wherein the first computer device may connect to a management network via only a first network switch, wherein the first computer device is unable to notify a management device of the notifiable management event via the management network because the first computer device is unable to connect to the management network via the first network switch, wherein the first computer device and the second computer device are physically separated by an aisle;
receiving, by the first computer device from the second computer device via a first unicast communication, an acknowledgment of the event notification, wherein the second computer device is able to connect to the management network via the second network switch,
wherein the broadcast or multicast communication and the first unicast communication each use a short-range wireless communications technology comprising visible light communication or data-over-audio communication.

US Pat. No. 10,771,296

2.4GHZ ISM BAND ZERO-IF TRANSCEIVER AND METHOD THEREOF

REALTEK SEMICONDUCTOR COR...

1. A transmitter comprising:a controlled oscillator configured to output an oscillation signal in accordance with a control signal;
a first divide-by-1.5 circuit configured to convert the oscillation signal into a first divided-down signal;
a second divide-by-1.5 circuit configured to convert the first divided-down signal into a second divided-down signal;
a divide-by-2 circuit configured to convert the second divided-down signal into a LO (local oscillator) signal;
a modulator configured to modulate the LO signal into a RF (radio frequency) signal in accordance with a baseband signal; and
a controller configured to establish the control signal in accordance with a relative timing between a reference signal and the oscillation signal, wherein the controller comprises:
a frequency divider configured to convert a feedback signal, which is selected from one of the oscillation signal, the first divided-down signal, and the second divided-down signal, into a third divided-down signal in accordance with a divide-down factor;
a phase detector configured to output a phase error signal representing a difference between a timing of the reference signal and a timing of the third divided-down signal; and
a loop filter configured to filter the phase error signal into the control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,771,292

OPTIMIZED ARCHITECTURE FOR A SIGNAL DECODER

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A device comprising:a receiver configured to receive a signal;
a processor configured to:
load a first set of values in a register, the first set of values correspond to a first subcarrier of the signal;
identify a maximum value of the first set of values and a minimum value of the first set of values;
update the first set of values by, in the register, replacing the maximum value with a value of a second set of values and replacing the minimum value with a value calculated according to the minimum value, the second set of values correspond to a second subcarrier of the signal, and the second subcarrier is different from the first subcarrier; and
repeatedly identify the maximum value of the first set of values, identify the minimum value of the first set of values, and update the first set of values by, in the register, replacing the maximum value with a value of the second set of values and replacing the minimum value with a value calculated according to the minimum value until all values of the first set of values are replaced with values of the second set of values.

US Pat. No. 10,771,280

LOW-POWER WAKE-UP CIRCUIT FOR CONTROLLER AREA NETWORK (CAN) TRANSCEIVER

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A system, comprising:a controller area network (CAN) transceiver, wherein the CAN transceiver comprises a wake-up circuit having:
an attenuator circuit coupled to a CAN bus;
a common-gate amplifier circuit coupled to the attenuator circuit; and
an offset generation circuit coupled to the common-gate amplifier circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,771,275

DEVICE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Tekpea, Inc., Sunnyvale,...

1. A device, comprising:a memory; and
one or more processors coupled to the memory, the one or more processors being configured to perform operations comprising:
provide communication between a first device via a first communication protocol and a second device via a second communication protocol;
receive a data packet from the first device, the data packet including a request to perform an operation at the second device;
identify a protocol ID associated with the data packet that identifies the first communication protocol for the data packet that is supported by the first device;
convert the data packet, based on the protocol ID, from the first communication protocol to the second communication protocol for transmission to the second device; and
communicate the data packet with the request to the second device.

US Pat. No. 10,771,260

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DIGITAL CERTIFICATE SECURITY

Vellitas LLC, Buffalo, W...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:identifying a plurality of digital certificates, individual digital certificates of the plurality of digital certificates including respective internal information;
determining external information associated with the individual digital certificates, the external information not contained within the respective digital certificate, wherein the external information at least includes a configuration of a server on which an individual digital certificate is installed, and specific data regarding a cipher suite that is used for the individual digital certificates, wherein the external information is determined at different points in time;
storing the internal information and the external information for the plurality of digital certificates in a database;
running a query against the database to identify one or more vulnerable digital certificates associated with a client based on the internal information and the external information, wherein the query is to identify a plurality of servers or locations where a same digital certificate has been installed, and the query includes determining whether the external information has changed between the different points in time; and
generating a removal request to be sent to a certificate authority to request removal of the one or more vulnerable digital certificates.

US Pat. No. 10,771,257

DISTRIBUTED DATA RECORDS

Oracle International Corp...

1. A computer implemented method, using at least one or more hardware processors, of verifying a digital asset by a first owner of the digital asset in response to a first transaction with a creator of the digital asset, the first owner having a corresponding first owner private key and a first owner public key, the method comprising:receiving a first digital record that corresponds to the digital asset, the first digital record comprising:
an initial portion comprising one or more initial parameters and a creator public key of the creator, and an appended initial digital signature computed using the one or more initial parameters, the creator public key, and a creator private key of the creator;
a first portion comprising one or more first parameters wherein a first parameter comprises the first transaction assigning ownership of the digital asset from the creator to the first owner and includes a first field that specifies the first owner public key and the creator public key, and an appended first digital signature computed using the initial portion, the initial digital signature, the first portion and the creator private key;
extracting from the first digital record the creator public key;
extracting from the first digital record the first digital signature;
extracting from the first digital record the initial portion, the initial digital signature, and the first portion; and
using a verification function, and the extracted creator public key, the first digital signature and the initial portion, confirming that the first digital signature was computed using the creator private key.

US Pat. No. 10,771,246

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR STABLE PHYSICALLY UNCLONABLE FUNCTIONS

Maxim Integrated Products...

1. An apparatus to generate Physically Unclonable Function (PUF) key bits, the apparatus comprising:a sensing element configured to detect mismatches in physical characteristics between PUF elements and to output signals associated with the mismatches;
a data converter coupled to the sense element, the data converter converts the output signals into mismatch data being associated with a first distribution;
a sorting module coupled to receive the mismatch data from the data converter, the selection module sorts at least some of the mismatch data by magnitude and polarity to generate sorted mismatch values;
a paring module to pair at least two sorted mismatch values to generate a paired value that is associated with a second distribution; and
a sequence generator that generates a bit sequence using the paired value, wherein the paired value is generated by combining a first sorted mismatch value associated with a large positive number with a second sorted mismatch value associated with a relatively smaller negative number, the paired value.

US Pat. No. 10,771,225

TECHNIQUES AND APPARATUSES FOR USING MINI-SLOTS FOR HYBRID AUTOMATIC REPEAT REQUEST (HARQ) TRANSMISSIONS

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication performed by a user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving, from a base station (BS), an indicator associated with a hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) process, wherein the indicator indicates a number of mini-slots to be bundled for a HARQ transmission of the HARQ process,
wherein two or more of the mini-slots include a different portion of a same packet of the HARQ transmission, and wherein a longer length coding is used to divide and map the same packet across the two or more of the mini-slots; and
decoding the HARQ transmission based at least in part on the mini-slots.

US Pat. No. 10,771,223

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ALLOCATING AND SIGNALING ACK/NACK RESOURCES IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method performed by a user equipment in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from a base station, data on a downlink data channel;
determining whether a scheduling type of the downlink data channel is persistent or non-persistent; and
transmitting, to the base station, acknowledgement/negative acknowledgement (ACK/NACK) information for the data,
wherein, when the scheduling type is non-persistent, the ACK/NACK information is transmitted on a first resource determined according to a downlink control channel corresponding to the data, and
wherein, when the scheduling type is persistent the ACK/NACK information for an initial persistent data transmission is transmitted on a second resource determined according to the downlink control channel, and
the ACK/NACK information for a following persistent data transmission is transmitted on a third resource determined by using resource information received via high-layer signaling.

US Pat. No. 10,771,222

TECHNIQUES FOR TRANSMITTING PREAMBLES OVER AN UNLICENSED RADIO FREQUENCY SPECTRUM BAND

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication, comprising:detecting, by a device, a communication from a source device in an unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band,
wherein the communication from the source device includes one or more fields comprising a first transmission indicator associated with a first radio access technology,
wherein the device uses a second radio access technology to communicate via the unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band;
determining, by the device and based on the one or more fields comprising the first transmission indicator, a source device type of the source device that transmitted the communication in the unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band, wherein the source device type is associated with the first radio access technology or the second radio access technology; and
selectively contending, by the device, for access to the unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band or selectively transmitting, by the device, via the unlicensed radio frequency spectrum band based on the source device type.

US Pat. No. 10,771,216

SOUNDING REFERENCE SIGNAL SENDING METHOD AND USER EQUIPMENT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A sounding reference signal sending method, comprising:receiving a configuration parameter of a sounding reference signal (SRS) from a base station, and determining, based on the configuration parameter, a time-frequency resource occupied by the SRS, wherein the configuration parameter comprises a trigger type, a period parameter, and a time-frequency resource location identifier;
obtaining a power control parameter of the SRS, and calculating, based on the power control parameter and a preset calculation formula, a transmit power for sending the SRS; and
sending the SRS on the time-frequency resource at the transmit power, wherein
the trigger type comprises beamforming or non-beamforming; and the period parameter is an identifier used to indicate that the SRS is sent periodically or aperiodically.

US Pat. No. 10,771,213

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING FEEDBACK INFORMATION FOR DM-RS BASED DOWNLINK TRANSMISSION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of reporting Channel Status Information (C SI) for a Demodulation-Reference Signal (DM-RS) based downlink transmission through dual layers to a base station by a user equipment in a wireless access system, the method comprising:receiving a Channel Status Information-Reference Signal (CSI-RS) from the base station;
calculating the CSI based on the CSI-RS on an assumption that a dual precoder including a first precoder and a second precoder is applied; and
reporting the CSI to the base station, the CSI including at least one of a rank indicator, channel quality information or information on the first precoder,
wherein the second precoder is configured from one of precoders defined by two column vectors, and
wherein the two column vectors are identical.

US Pat. No. 10,771,211

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION (CSI) ACQUISITION WITH DL AND UL REFERENCE SIGNALS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A user equipment (UE), comprising:a transceiver configured to receive (i) configuration information for configuring a channel state information reference signal (CSI-RS) and indicating a plurality of higher-layer configured sounding reference signal (SRS) resources, and (ii) downlink control information (DCI) that includes a DCI field for an aperiodic SRS transmission request; and
a processor operably connected to the transceiver, the processor configured to decode the configuration information and the DCI with the aperiodic SRS transmission request,
wherein the transceiver is further configured to receive the CSI-RS and transmit the SRS,
wherein the CSI-RS corresponds to at least one higher-layer configured non-zero-power (NZP) CSI-RS resource,
wherein the NZP CSI-RS resource is measured to calculate a precoder used for the transmitted SRS, and
wherein the DCI field is also used to indicate presence of the CSI-RS in a same DL slot as the DCI.

US Pat. No. 10,771,207

TERMINAL AND RECEPTION POWER MEASUREMENT METHOD

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A terminal comprising:a receiver, which, in operation, receives, by Radio Resource Control (RRC) signaling, a Channel State Information Reference Signal (CSI-RS) candidate list and a reporting condition, wherein the CSI-RS candidate list includes a plurality of CSI-RS configurations, wherein each of the plurality of CSI-RS configurations includes a CSI-RS configuration ID, a time/frequency resource position in a subframe, a cell ID, and a CSI-RS individual offset, wherein the reporting condition includes a threshold;
circuitry, which is coupled to the receiver and which, in operation, determines CSI-RS resource information based on the CSI-RS candidate list, and makes reception power measurements for the plurality of CSI-RS configurations based on the determined CSI-RS resource information, wherein the reception power measurements are offset by CSI-RS individual offsets included in the plurality of CSI-RS configurations; and
a transmitter, which is coupled to the circuitry and which, in operation, reports a result of the reception power measurements in response to at least one of the reception power measurements being greater than the threshold included in the reporting condition.

US Pat. No. 10,771,204

HALF-DUPLEX OPERATION IN NEW RADIO SYSTEMS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication at a user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving, from a base station, signaling that indicates a carrier aggregation configuration comprising a first carrier and a second carrier, wherein a numerology or symbol duration within a first slot of the first carrier is different from a numerology or symbol duration within a second slot of the second carrier;
identifying a symbol period designated for simultaneous communications in a first link direction on resources of the first carrier and in a second link direction on resources of the second carrier; and
communicating on resources of the first carrier or the second carrier during the symbol period based at least in part on a capability of the UE.

US Pat. No. 10,771,202

TRANSMISSION APPARATUS, RECEPTION APPARATUS, COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A transmission apparatus comprising:code block segmentation circuitry configured to output one or more code block(s) with a first size based on an input of a transport block with a Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC), and
encoding circuitry configured to generate encoded bits by applying Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) coding for each of the one or more code block(s), wherein
the transport block with the CRC is segmented into the one or more code block(s) in a case that a second size of the transport block with the CRC is larger than a third size,
the third size is given based on a generation method for a matrix for the LDPC coding,
the third size is a first value in a case that a first matrix for the LDPC coding is generated based on a first generation method, and
the third size is a second value which is different from the first value in a case that a second matrix for the LDPC coding is generated based on a second generation method.

US Pat. No. 10,771,200

METHOD TO DECREASE BLUETOOTH POWER CONSUMPTION FOR PERIODIC TRAFFIC PROFILES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus of a mobile device, the mobile device configured to operate as a slave device for a Bluetooth link with a master device, the apparatus comprising: memory; and processing circuitry, wherein when the mobile device operates as the slave device, the processing circuitry is configured to:encode a packet for transmission in a transmit enhanced synchronous connection-oriented (ESCO) slot of an ESCO interval;
in an ESCO retransmission slot of the ESCO interval: attempt to decode, from the slave device, a request for retransmission of the packet;
if the request for retransmission is not successfully decoded, determine whether the request for retransmission was sent during the ESCO retransmission slot based at least on a channel energy level detected during the ESCO retransmission slot;
if it is determined that the request for retransmission was not sent during the ESCO retransmission slot, refrain from monitoring subsequent ESCO retransmission slots of the ESCO interval; and
if it is determined that the request for retransmission was sent during the ESCO retransmission slot, monitor one or more of the subsequent ESCO retransmission slots of the ESCO interval for an additional request for retransmission of the packet.

US Pat. No. 10,771,182

ENHANCING ROUTING METRICS

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A first optical network device comprising:a controller; and
a first network interface, wherein:
the first network interface is configured to exchange data with a first layer 3 network device; and
the controller is configured to:
receive, via the first network interface, from the first layer 3 network device, a request for at least one optical circuit attribute;
obtain the at least one optical circuit attribute including an optical circuit distance and/or an optical circuit latency of a first optical circuit in an optical network; and
upon expiration of a time period equal to a time-scaled threshold, provide, via the first network interface, the at least one optical circuit attribute to the first layer 3 network device, wherein the first optical network device connects the first layer 3 network device to the optical network;
receive another request from the first layer 3 network device; and
in response to receiving the another request:
provide the at least one optical circuit attribute to the first layer 3 network device, wherein the another request comprises requesting by the first layer 3 network device to establish a network connection with a second layer 3 network device via the optical network,
signal the first optical circuit based on at least one factor, and
reserve the first optical circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,771,173

PRESENCE DETECTION USING BLUETOOTH AND HYBRID-MODE TRANSMITTERS

shopkick, Inc., Redwood ...

1. A method, comprising:generating an identifier that specifies a venue; and
configuring each of a plurality of transmitters at the venue to transmit interleaved broadcasts comprising a plurality of protocols including a first signal for application wake up and a proprietary second signal that includes the identifier, wherein the first signal and the second signal are interleaved in a prescribed ratio;
wherein the transmitted broadcasts are captured by a first handset, the first signal is used for wake up of an application of the first handset, and the identifier is decoded from the proprietary second signal and used to infer presence of the first handset at the venue; and
wherein different codes broadcast by the plurality of transmitters for application wake up are rotated among the transmitters so that there is no way to map a prescribed transmitter to a prescribed code,
wherein the application of the handset is registered to be woken up by all the different codes,
wherein the different codes broadcast by the plurality of transmitters are updated at a prescribed frequency,
wherein at least one of the transmitters receives an updated code comprising a first update piece and a second update piece from a server via a plurality of handsets including the first handset and a second handset, wherein:
the first handset receives the first update piece from the server depending on a walk-in history of the first handset into the venue,
wherein the at least one of the transmitters is updated when a digital signature check of the update code is successful, and
wherein a verification of the transmitter update is received at the server via one or more of the plurality of handsets.

US Pat. No. 10,771,172

BASE STATION TEST SYSTEM AND METHOD BASED ON 3D MASSIVE MIMO AND STORAGE MEDIUM

RFLIGHT COMMUNICATION ELE...

1. A base station test system based on 3D Massive MIMO, comprising a phase shift amplitude modulation network provided with M×N independent channels, M 3D MIMO base stations, N user terminals and a data processing device, wherein an input end of the phase shift amplitude modulation network is connected to the M 3D MIMO base stations, an output end of the phase shift amplitude modulation network is connected to the N user terminals, and the phase shift and amplitude of each independent channel in the phase shift amplitude modulation network are independently controllable; andthe data processing device is configured to acquire a phase shift variation and an amplitude variation of each independent channel of the phase shift amplitude modulation network according to a positional relationship between a user terminal and an antenna vibration source beam propagation direction, and verify a base station beam performance according to the phase shift variation and the amplitude variation,
wherein the data processing device comprises a setting unit, a distance difference acquiring unit, a phase difference acquiring unit, and a synthesis unit
the setting unit is configured to set a positional relationship between a user terminal and an antenna vibration source beam propagation direction;
the distance difference acquiring unit is configured to respectively determine a distance difference between various rows and columns of antenna vibration source radiation beams according to the positional relationship;
the phase difference acquiring unit is configured to respectively determine, according to the positional relationship, a phase difference between an Nth vibration source and each column of antenna reference vibration source radiation beams and a phase difference between an Mth vibration source and each column of antenna reference vibration source radiation beams; and
the synthesis unit is configured to synthesize the phase differences acquired by the phase difference acquiring unit.

US Pat. No. 10,771,170

REAL-TIME NETWORK ANALYZER AND APPLICATIONS

VAYYAR IMAGING LTD., Yeh...

1. A method for generating a frequency-up-converted periodic wideband signal, the method comprising:periodically reading a waveform from a digital memory in which at least one waveform is stored, wherein said periodically reading comprises reading said waveform multiple times from the digital memory;
generating two digital signals based on the multiple read waveforms;
converting the two digital signals by a dual digital-to-analog converter to yield two analog signals;
antialias-filtering the two analog signals;
up-converting the two filtered analog signals using a quadrature modulator to yield the frequency-up-converted wideband periodic signal.

US Pat. No. 10,771,163

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DECODING ROI REGIONS IN IMAGE

MEDIATEK INC., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A decoding apparatus for decoding region of interest (ROI) regions in an image, comprising:a storage device;
a pre-processing circuit, arranged to perform a syntax pre-parsing operation upon a bitstream to obtain necessary information of the ROI regions, and store the necessary information of the ROI regions into the storage device;
a decoding circuit, arranged to perform a decoding operation upon the bitstream to decode the ROI regions, wherein at least a portion of the necessary information of the ROI regions is used by the decoding operation, and the decoding operation comprises syntax parsing of the bitstream; and
an information fetching circuit, arranged to read the necessary information of the ROI regions from the storage device, analyze the necessary information of the ROI regions read from the storage device, and deliver said at least a portion of the necessary information of the ROI regions to the decoding circuit;
wherein a processing time of obtaining the necessary information of one ROI region at the pre-processing circuit overlaps the processing time of decoding another ROI region at the decoding circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,771,158

LIGHT COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of access points in a room communicating in parallel with simultaneous users at different wavelengths, each with one or more light emitting diodes (LEDs) with at least one optical transmitter and receiver optically coupled to an optical network to communicate using broadband optical transmission, wherein the transmitter spreads transmitted data using a pseudorandom sequence over a network to communicate using broadband optical transmissions with the pseudorandom sequence without neighboring network interference and without radio interference; and
a controller coupled to the LEDs, wherein the controller provides data responsive to a broadband optical request.

US Pat. No. 10,771,156

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPROVED OPTICAL WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS BASED ON MOBILITY PATTERNS

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method for improving optical wireless communications based on mobility patterns, comprising:determining, by one or more processors, one or more mobility patterns observed in an area over time, wherein the area is illuminated by one or more lighting units, and the one or more lighting units are configured to transmit information using optical wireless communications;
selecting, by one or more processors, an applicable mobility pattern from the one or more mobility patterns;
predicting, by one or more processors, based on the selected mobility pattern, usage in the area of a plurality of optical wireless communications (OWC)-based mobile apps; and
allocating one or more OWC resources of at least one of the one or more lighting units for transmission of data to one or more of the plurality of OWC-based mobile apps operating on one or more mobile devices operated within the area, wherein the allocating is based at least in part on the predicted usage.

US Pat. No. 10,771,151

OUTSIDE PLANT FIBER HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM

Level 3 Communications, L...

1. A method of monitoring a fiber optic cable comprising:receiving, at a first optical switch, a plurality of light noise signals from two or more optical switches, wherein the two or more optical switches are geographically disparate, and wherein a first light noise signal is received from a second optical switch and a second light noise signal is received from a third optical switch;
measuring, using the optical switch, a first intensity of the first light noise signal and a second intensity of the second light noise signal;
comparing, using a monitoring system communicatively coupled to the optical switch, the first intensity of the first light noise signal received from the second optical switch to a stored threshold intensity value;
comparing, using a monitoring system communicatively coupled to the optical switch, the second intensity of the second light noise signal to the stored threshold intensity value;
determining, using the monitoring system, that the first intensity of first light noise signal is below the stored threshold intensity value for a length of time that exceeds a threshold value;
generating the plurality of light noise signals using a light signal generator;
wherein generating the plurality of light noise signals comprises:
generating an amplified light noise signal; and
outputting the amplified light noise signal to an optical splitter,
wherein the optical splitter splits the amplified light noise signal into the plurality of light noise signals and transmits the plurality of light noise signals on the fiber optic cable.

US Pat. No. 10,771,143

SWITCHING METHOD FOR MULTIPLE ANTENNA ARRAYS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE APPLYING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An electronic device, including:a plurality of antenna arrays, each of the antenna arrays including a power detection unit and a plurality of antenna units for beamforming;
a storage unit, configured to store an angle mapping table; and
an operation unit, coupled to the antenna arrays and the storage unit, and configured to perform:
turning on the antenna arrays, and obtaining a receiving power of a beam signal by the power detection unit of each of the antenna arrays;
turning off the antenna array other than the antenna array which has the greatest receiving power, and calculating a first power ratio parameter corresponding to each of the antenna array which is turned off according to the receiving powers;
receiving the beam signal by the antenna array which is turned on, and calculating a first channel information of the beam signal corresponding to the antenna array which is turned on;
calculating a first virtual channel information corresponding to each of the antenna array which is turned off according to one or more first gains, one or more first delays and one or more first incidence angles of one or more paths from which the beam signal is received derived from the first channel information corresponding to the antenna array which is turned on, the first power ratio parameter corresponding to each of the antenna array which is turned off and the angle mapping table; and
turning on one of the antenna arrays and turning off the other according to the first channel information and the first virtual information,
wherein the angle mapping table records a transformation relationship of incidence angle for the same incident beam signal between the antenna arrays.

US Pat. No. 10,771,140

SELECTIVE CHANNEL FEEDBACK METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USE IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for receiving channel state information by a base station supporting Multiuser Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MU-MIMO) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:identifying a group identifier for a plurality of terminals;
transmitting, to the plurality of terminals, downlink control information on a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH), wherein a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) for the downlink control information is scrambled with the group identifier for the plurality of terminals; and
receiving, from the plurality of terminals, channel state information on a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) in one transmission time interval (TTI) allocated for the plurality of terminals,
wherein the channel state information is generated based on the PDCCH being decoded by using the group identifier,
wherein a frequency resource, a cyclic shift value, a concatenating order and a control information bit size for each of the plurality of terminals are configured to the plurality of terminals by a higher layer signaling,
wherein each channel state information from the plurality of terminals is received on a corresponding frequency resource within the PUSCH and is applied with a corresponding cyclic shift value,
wherein the downlink control information transmitted on the PDCCH is generated by concatenating terminal-specific control information of each of the plurality of terminals according to the concatenating order, and
wherein each of the terminal-specific control information includes a number of bits corresponding to the control information bit size, indicates which terminals of the plurality of terminals are to transmit the channel state information in the TTI, and indicates a resource to be measured for the channel state information for a corresponding terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,771,138

UPLINK MULTI-ANTENNA TRANSMISSION METHOD IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting an uplink signal to a base station (BS) by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:transmitting, to the BS, sounding reference signals (SRSs);
receiving, from the BS and based on the transmitted SRSs, downlink control information (DCI) related to transmitting the uplink signal;
determining, based on the DCI, a precoder and a rank for transmitting the uplink signal; and
transmitting, to the BS, the uplink signal by using the determined rank and the determined precoder,
wherein:
in a first scenario for transmitting the uplink signal: (i) the DCI comprises a rank indicator (RI), and (ii) the UE determines the precoder and the rank based on the DCI which comprises the RI, and
in a second scenario for transmitting the uplink signal: (i) the UE transmits the SRSs as beamformed SRSs, (ii) the DCI comprises information related to a SRS antenna port, but the DCI does not include the RI, and (iii) the UE determines the precoder and the rank based on the information related to the SRS antenna port.

US Pat. No. 10,771,130

MULTI-ANTENNA DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD, NETWORK DEVICE, TERMINAL DEVICE, AND SYSTEM

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

9. A multi-antenna data transmission terminal device, comprising:a nontransitory memory comprising instructions; and
a processor coupled to the memory, wherein the instructions cause the processor to:
receive downlink control signaling sent by a network device, wherein the downlink control signaling instructs the terminal device to feed back statistical channel parameter information to the network device;
determine the statistical channel parameter information according to statistical channel information that is obtained after measuring a plurality of instantaneous channels; and
feed back the statistical channel parameter information to the network device according to the downlink control signaling
determine the instantaneous channel parameter information according to instantaneous channel information that is obtained by one or more measurements performed by the processor on an instantaneous channel comprising:
measure the instantaneous channel according to a precoded level-two RS sent by the network device, to obtain the instantaneous channel information, wherein the precoded level-two RS is determined by the network device by precoding the level-two RS according to the statistical channel parameter information; and
perform quantization processing on the instantaneous channel information to determine the instantaneous channel parameter information; and
feed back the instantaneous channel parameter information to the network device according to the downlink control signaling.

US Pat. No. 10,771,126

UPLINK MULTI-USER MULTIPLE INPUT MULTIPLE OUTPUT FOR WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK

Marvell Asia Pte, Ltd., ...

1. A method, comprising:transmitting, by a first communication device, a polling communication frame that is configured to trigger a plurality of second communication devices to transmit respective feedback information that indicates respective amounts of data that the respective second communication devices have to transmit to the first communication device, wherein the polling communication frame includes a duration field that is set to indicate a transmit opportunity period (TXOP) of the first communication device, the TXOP including the polling communication frame and indicating a period during which an uplink multi-user transmission is to occur;
receiving, at the first communication device, the respective feedback information from the plurality of second communication devices during the TXOP;
based on the respective feedback information, selecting, at the first communication device, a group of second communication devices that are to transmit simultaneously during the TXOP as part of the uplink multi-user transmission;
transmitting, by the first communication device, a trigger communication frame during the TXOP to trigger the group of second communication devices to transmit simultaneously as part of the uplink multi-user transmission; and
receiving, at the first communication device, the uplink multi-user transmission during the TXOP, wherein the uplink multi-user transmission is responsive to trigger communication frame and includes respective simultaneous individual transmissions from respective second communication devices among the group of second communication devices.

US Pat. No. 10,771,125

FIRST COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND METHODS PERFORMED THEREBY FOR TRANSMITTING RADIO SIGNALS USING BEAMFORMING TO A SECOND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method of adapting transmit precoding used by one communication device for transmitting towards another communication device, the method comprising:obtaining Channel State Information (CSI) for a radio channel between the one communication device and the other communication device, the CSI serving as an estimate of a state of the radio channel at the beginning of a transmission interval;
determining a precoder in dependence on the CSI; and
transmitting a precoded radio signal over the transmission interval for the other communication device, by generating the precoded radio signal in dependence on the precoder, and accounting for the CSI becoming outdated over the transmission interval by adapting the precoder, and thereby, the precoded radio signal, one or more times during the transmission interval in dependence on an expected rate of change of the state of the radio channel,
wherein adapting the precoder comprises changing the value of ? in the formula: ?(?H?+pIK)?1, wherein:
? is a matrix of coefficients comprising an estimate of the radio channel, as said CSI,
?H is the Hermitian transpose of ?,
IK is an interference matrix of the other communication device,
K denotes the other communication device, and
? is a scalar value.

US Pat. No. 10,771,123

DISTRIBUTED PHASED ARRAYS BASED MIMO (DPA-MIMO) FOR NEXT GENERATION WIRELESS USER EQUIPMENT HARDWARE DESIGN AND METHOD

1. A system for distributed phased array multiple input multiple output (DPA-MIMO) communications, comprising:a baseband processing unit;
a plurality of beamforming (BF) modules, each beamforming module comprises at least a beamforming antenna and a transceiver circuit comprising at least a downconverter that downconverts a beamformed antenna radio frequency signal to an intermediate frequency signal, and an upconverter that upconverts an intermediate frequency signal to radio frequency and sends to said beamforming antenna for transmission; and
a plurality of intermediate frequency (IF) radios, each intermediate frequency radio comprises a receive chain circuit that includes at least a downconverter that downconverts an intermediate frequency signal sent from said BF module to a baseband signal conveyed to said baseband processing unit, and a transmit chain circuit that includes at least an upconverter that upconverts a baseband signal received from said baseband processing unit to an intermediate frequency signal that is conveyed to said beamforming module;
wherein based on at least one of: an account available physical space, a beamforming module dimension, a total number of BF modules, heat dissipation, a target spatial multiplexing gain, or a target diversity gain, said plurality of BF modules are placed in a distributed way with an edge-to-edge spacing that maximally reduces mutual coupling and propagation interference, whereby signal diversity and signal quality are enhanced among said BF modules.

US Pat. No. 10,771,122

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DISCOVERING CODEWORD DECODING ORDER IN A SERIAL INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION (SIC) RECEIVER USING REINFORCEMENT LEARNING

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method for decoding codewords in a multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) communication network, the method comprising:determining a decoding order based on a state space and a decoding policy;
decoding selected codewords based on the decoding order;
updating the decoding policy based on decoding results and the state space;
updating the state space based on the decoding results; and
updating the decoding order based on the state space and the decoding policy.

US Pat. No. 10,771,120

BASE STATION FRONT END PREPROCESSING

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A base station, comprising:remote radio unit (RRU) circuitry to control radio communication related to multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) operation, including application of a user equipment (UE)-specific spatial filter,
wherein the RRU circuitry includes a downlink (DL) user equipment (UE)-specific precoder to facilitate DL beamforming by the base station; and
baseband unit (BBU) circuitry coupled with the RRU circuitry to control baseband operation related to the MIMO operation.

US Pat. No. 10,771,117

RADIO RESOURCE SCHEDULING FOR COORDINATED MULTI-POINT TRANSMISSION IN CELLULAR NETWORKS

TELECOM ITALIA S.p.A., M...

1. A method for scheduling allocation of radio resources in a cellular network, the method comprising:selecting at least one first user equipment for performing a first type data exchange based on Coordinated Multi-Point technique and a second type data exchange not based on the Coordinated Multi-Point technique, and selecting at least one second user equipment for performing only the second type data exchange;
selecting at least one network node for performing the first type data exchange with the at least one first user equipment and the second type data exchange with at least one among the first and second user equipment;
determining, for the at least one network node, a radio resource parameter indicative of a number of radio resources to be allocated for the first type data exchange and of a number of radio resources to be allocated for the second type data exchange;
allocating the radio resources for the at least one network node based on the radio resource parameter;
causing data exchange with each first and second user equipment;
determining first and second performance parameters indicative of performance of the data exchange with, respectively, the at least one first user equipment and the at least one second user equipment;
updating the radio resource parameter according to the first and second performance parameters; and
continuously refining the allocating of the radio resources for the at least one network node.

US Pat. No. 10,771,109

HYBRID ACTIVE TAP

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first branch disposed between a first diplexer and a second diplexer, the first branch corresponding to a first frequency spectrum;
a second branch disposed between the first diplexer and the second diplexer, the second branch corresponding to a second frequency spectrum;
a third branch disposed between a first coupler and a third diplexer, the first coupler being coupled to the first branch;
a fourth branch disposed between a second coupler and the third diplexer, the second coupler being coupled to the second branch;
a splitter connected to the third diplexer; and
an amplification device disposed in the first branch.

US Pat. No. 10,771,105

CONFIGURATION OF NOMA COMMUNICATION USING MULTIPLE SETS OF SPREADING SEQUENCES

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication performed by a network controller, comprising:determining a first set of spreading sequences and a second set of spreading sequences for non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) communication, wherein the first set of spreading sequences is different than the second set of spreading sequences; and
configuring a first cell to use the first set of spreading sequences and a second cell to use the second set of spreading sequences; or
configuring the first set of spreading sequences to be used for first user equipment associated with a cell center of the first cell and the second set of spreading sequences to be used for second user equipment associated with a cell edge of the first cell or the second cell, wherein the first set of spreading sequences and the second set of spreading sequences share at least one shared spreading sequence, and wherein the at least one shared spreading sequence is used for communication associated with the second user equipment associated with the cell edge.

US Pat. No. 10,771,103

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR FULL DUPLEX COMMUNICATIONS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method comprising:transmitting, by an access point (AP) having full duplex (FD) capabilities, a trigger frame to cause at least a first station (STA) that is an intended recipient of the trigger frame to initiate an uplink (UL) transmission including a UL reference frame to the AP immediately after a short interframe space (SIFS) from an end of the trigger frame, the trigger frame further causing at least one second STA that overhears the UL transmission established between the AP and at least the first STA to obtain a signal strength measurement during the UL transmission of the UL reference frame transmitted from at least the first STA and intended to be received by the AP; and
receiving, by the AP from the at least one second STA, a reporting frame containing information about the signal strength measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,771,101

DEVICES AND METHODS RELATED TO PACKAGING OF RADIO-FREQUENCY DEVICES ON CERAMIC SUBSTRATES

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

1. A method for fabricating a packaged radio-frequency module, the method comprising:forming or providing a ceramic substrate configured to receive one or more components, the ceramic substrate including a conductive layer in electrical contact with a ground plane, the conductive layer including a plurality of conductive strips along a perimeter of the ceramic substrate, the plurality of conductive strips each extending to and covering a respective edge of the ceramic substrate, at least some of the plurality of conductive strips separated at one or more corners of the ceramic substrate;
mounting a die on a surface of the ceramic substrate, the die including an integrated circuit; and
forming a conformal conductive coating over the die and in electrical contact with the conductive layer to thereby provide shielding functionality for the die.

US Pat. No. 10,771,100

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EFFICIENT FAST RETRAINING OF ETHERNET TRANSCEIVERS

Marvell Asia Pte., LTD., ...

1. A method of operation for an Ethernet transceiver, the method comprising:entering a fast retrain sequence of steps, the fast retrain sequence of steps including
transferring two-level symbols to a link partner without transferring Tomlinson-Harashima Precoder (THP) coefficient information; and
directly following transferring of the two-level symbols, transferring multi-level symbols to the link partner, the multi-level symbols having greater than two symbol levels.

US Pat. No. 10,771,095

DATA PROCESSING DEVICE, DATA PROCESSING METHOD, AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A data processing device comprising:processing circuitry to:
specify a first region where a regular bit string is in a transmission frame, a second region where a bit string similar to a defined bit string is in the transmission frame, and a third region where a non-regular bit string is in the transmission frame and extract a difference between a bit string in the second region and the defined bit string;
acquire, from a CRC table having a plurality of stored CRCs (Cyclic Redundancy Checks), a first CRC, which is a CRC corresponding to the regular bit string for the first region;
acquire, from the CRC table, a second CRC, which is a CRC corresponding to the defined bit string which is similar to the bit string in the second region;
acquire, from the CRC table, a differential CRC, which is a CRC corresponding to a difference extracted between the bit string in the second region and the defined bit string;
generate a third CRC, which is a CRC corresponding to a bit string in the third region; and
generate a CRC of the transmission frame by performing an exclusive logical operation using the first CRC, the second CRC, the differential CRC, and the third CRC;
wherein the processing circuitry specifies, as the second region, a region of the transmission frame which has a bit string similar to any of the one or more defined bit string, the number of defined bit strings and bit patterns of the defined bit strings being decided such that a target value is set for each of a number of differences and a table size of the CRC table and each difference is equal to or smaller than its set target value and the table size is equal to or smaller than its set target value.

US Pat. No. 10,771,089

METHOD OF INPUT DATA COMPRESSION, ASSOCIATED COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT, COMPUTER SYSTEM AND EXTRACTION METHOD

TOTAL SA, Courbevoie (FR...

1. A method of input data compression performed by at least one core communicating with a central memory, the core being associated to an operating cache memory able to store data items, and comprising a plurality of vector registers able to store data items to be processed, each vector register presenting a predetermined register length, the operating cache memory comprising a plurality of cache lines, each cache line presenting a predetermined cache line length which is a multiple of the register length;the input data presents a two-dimensional input array formed by a plurality data items stored contiguously in the central memory according to a contiguous direction;
the method comprising a step of two-dimensional wavelet transform implemented using a low band-pass filter vector of dimension N and a high band-pass filter vector of dimension N, said step comprising the following sub-steps:
A) forming from the input array at least one tile comprising a plurality of consecutive data block columns, each data block column being formed by a plurality of lines of consecutive data items according to the contiguous direction, the length of each line being a multiple of the cache line length;
C) for the or each tile, processing each data block column and for each data block column, computing dot products between the low band-pass or high band-pass filter vector and each group of N lines using fused multiply-add instructions for the core,
wherein one tile is formed during the sub-step A), said tile corresponding to said two-dimensional input array, and
wherein the step of two-dimensional wavelet transform further comprises a sub-step D?) of transposing the two-dimensional input array, the sub-steps A) and C) being performed before the sub-step D?) for a non-transposed input array and then, after the sub-step D?) for a transposed input array.

US Pat. No. 10,771,085

ROBOT, ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER, AND SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A robot comprising:a base; and
an arm that is supported to be movable with respect to the base and includes a solid- state imaging device,
wherein the solid-state imaging device includes an analog-to-digital converter that performs analog-to-digital conversion on a pixel signal generated by reading pixel information from a light receiving element,
the analog-to-digital converter includes:
a comparison circuit that compares a voltage applied to a first terminal with a reference voltage applied to a second terminal, and outputs an output signal indicating a comparison result from a third terminal;
capacitive elements each of which has a first end connected to the first terminal of the comparison circuit via a first line, and includes: a first to an m-th capacitive element (where m is an integer of 2 or more) that each have a predetermined capacitance ratio; and an (m+1)-th capacitive element that has a capacitance that is substantially same as the capacitance of the first capacitive element; and
selection circuits that are connected to second ends of the capacitive elements, respectively, via second lines, and
each of the capacitive elements includes:
a first electrode disposed in a semiconductor substrate and electrically connected to the second end;
a third electrode disposed above the semiconductor substrate to oppose the first electrode and electrically connected to the second end;
a second electrode disposed between the first electrode and the third electrode, above the semiconductor substrate, to oppose the first electrode and the third electrode and electrically connected to the first end;
a first insulation film disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode;
a second insulation film disposed between the third electrode and the second electrode;
wherein the capacitive elements are configured in a capacitive cell array that includes capacitive cells disposed in rows and columns to be symmetric with respect to a symmetry axis, and
each of second to the m-th capacitive elements of the first to the m-th capacitive elements includes at least one capacitive cell disposed on one side of the symmetry axis, and the same number of capacitive cells as that disposed on the one side are disposed on the other side of the symmetry axis.

US Pat. No. 10,771,078

COMPARATOR OFFSET CALIBRATION SYSTEM AND ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER WITH COMPARATOR OFFSET CALIBRATION

MEDIATEK INC., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A comparator offset calibration system, comprising:a comparator offset evaluator, receiving digital data from an analog-to-digital conversion module which comprises a comparator, evaluating an offset of the comparator based on the received digital data, and outputting an evaluated result; and
a switched-capacitor network, processing the evaluated result to generate a control signal,
wherein:
the comparator offset evaluator outputs the evaluated result in a pulse width modulation form;
the comparator offset evaluator evaluates the offset of the comparator by long-term judgment of the received digital data; and
the analog-to-digital conversion module adjusts the offset of the comparator according to the control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,771,072

FREQUENCY GENERATOR AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A frequency generator for generating an oscillator clock according to a reference clock, the frequency generator being used in a frequency hopping system that switches a carrier frequency among a plurality of channels, the carrier frequency further carrying a modulation frequency for data transmission, the frequency generator comprising:a frequency hopping and modulation control unit, arranged for generating a current channel according to a channel hopping sequence and a frequency command word (FCW) based on the reference clock, wherein the FCW includes:
a calibration unit, arranged for iteratively calibrating an estimated DCO normalization value during frequency hopping according to the current channel and a phase error obtained according to the oscillator clock and the reference clock; and
a digital-controlled oscillator (DCO), arranged for to generating the oscillator clock according to an oscillator tuning word (OTW) obtained according to the estimated DCO normalization value.

US Pat. No. 10,771,056

SWITCH CIRCUIT AND HIGH-SPEED MULTIPLEXER-DEMULTIPLEXER

LONTIUM SEMICONDUCTOR COR...

1. A switch circuit, comprising: an equalization module and a first metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) transistor, whereina gate of the first MOS transistor is connected to an output terminal of the equalization module, an input terminal of the first MOS transistor is connected to a signal source for acquiring a signal from the signal source, and an output terminal of the first MOS transistor is connected to a subsequent circuit; and
the equalization module is configured to: supply a turning-on signal to the first MOS transistor in a case that an operation signal in response to which the switch circuit operates is acquired, to turn on the first MOS transistor; and generate, in a case that the first MOS transistor is turned on, a compensation signal for compensating an attenuation of the signal transmitted through the first MOS transistor, and apply the compensation signal to the gate of the first MOS transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,771,054

CONTROL CIRCUIT FOR SOLID STATE POWER CONTROLLER

HS ELEKTRONIK SYSTEME GMB...

1. A control circuit configured to supply a control voltage to a control terminal (G) of a solid state switching device of a solid state power controller, the solid state switching device having a first terminal (D), a second terminal (S), and the control terminal (G), the solid state switching device configured to switch between an OFF operation mode in which the second terminal (S) is electrically disconnected from the first terminal, and an ON operation mode in which the second terminal (S) is electrically connected to the first terminal (D), according to the control voltage applied to the control terminal (G);wherein the control circuit comprises:
a primary controller operative to supply a primary control voltage to the control terminal (G) of the solid state switching device; and
an auxiliary circuit configured to supply an auxiliary control voltage to the control terminal (G) of the solid state switching device in case the primary controller falls into an inoperative condition,
wherein the auxiliary circuit comprises a memory unit configured to store information indicative of the primary control voltage applied by the primary controller at the time of falling into the inoperative condition,
wherein the memory unit has the configuration of a flip-flop or latch and has a power input connected to a power supply of the primary controller,
wherein the control circuit further comprises a charge storing unit configured to temporarily supply the memory unit with electric power when the power supply of the primary controller is cut off,
wherein the memory unit is connected in between an output side of the primary controller and an input side of the control terminal (G), and has a data input to which the primary control voltage is supplied, and a data output connected to the control terminal (G) of the solid state switching device,
wherein the memory unit has a clock input supplied by a clock signal indicative of control cycles of the primary controller, and the memory unit is configured to store information indicative of the primary control voltage applied by the primary controller in a previous or current control cycle, and
wherein the memory unit has a reset input for setting the data output of the memory unit to a default value.

US Pat. No. 10,770,880

TOOL FOR CONNECTING BUSBARS DRIVEN BY A PNEUMATIC MOTOR DRIVING UNIT

1. A tool for connecting busbars driven by a pneumatic motor driving unit comprising:a stationary portion (1) removably connected to a first busbar,
a movable portion (2) removably connected to a second busbar, and
a loading portion (3) for clamping a connecting rod;
said connecting rod being configured to mount to a pre-hole of a connecting surface of a busbar of said busbars, said first and second busbars being connected by said connecting rod;
said stationary portion (1) comprising:
a pneumatic motor driving unit (15),
an electric control unit connected with an electrical power input,
a first stationary shaft (11);
a second stationary shaft (12);
a movable shaft (13);
a first stationary plate (14),
a second stationary plate (16),
a third stationary plate (19),
a fourth stationary plate (110), and
a first heating portion (17) arranged to said fourth stationary plate (110) for heating said first busbar;
said first heating portion (17) being movably connected to said fourth stationary plate (110) to adjust a distance between said first heating portion (17) and said first busbar;
said movable portion (2) comprising:
a fifth stationary plate (22),
a sixth stationary plate (29),
a seventh stationary plate (28), and
a second heating portion (26) arranged to said seventh stationary plate (28) for heating said second busbar;
said movable portion (2) being movably connected to said first and second stationary shaft (11,12), said movable portion (2) being connected to said movable shaft (13) by a screw pair, said movable shaft (13) being fixedly connected to said pneumatic motor driving unit (15), said movable shaft (13) being driven to rotate around its axis by said pneumatic motor driving unit (15), said loading portion (3) being movably connected to said second stationary shaft (12) and sliding between a stationary portion body and a movable portion body, said loading portion (3) being configured to rotate around said second stationary shaft (12);
said second heating portion (26) being movably connected to said seventh stationary plate (28) to adjust a distance between said second heating portion (26) and said second busbar.

US Pat. No. 10,770,879

WELDED FEEDTHROUGH

1. A feedthrough for a medical implantable device comprising:a ferrule comprising a metal that is configured to be welded to a case of the implantable device;
an insulator at least partially surrounded by the ferrule and sharing an interface therewith,
the insulator comprising a glass or ceramic material that is characterized by the absence of any material that will flow when heated to a temperature between 1,300 and 1,600 degrees C. at the interface between the insulator and case;
conductive elements formed through the insulator providing an electrically conductive path through the insulator;
characterized in that there is no braze or solder at the interface between the ferrule and the insulator and that there is no braze or solder adjacent the conductive elements; and
wherein the ferrule is configured with an inner edge that is tapered and the insulator is configured with an outer edge that is tapered to match the inner edge of the ferule,
the taper of each at an angle of 5 to 15 degrees relative to a line running perpendicular to a top surface of the feedthrough.

US Pat. No. 10,770,877

MOUNTING CLIP FOR ELECTRICAL OR COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Cablofil, Inc., Mascouta...

1. A box mounting clip for mounting a junction box on a stud mounting bracket, the box mounting clip comprising:a base having a front face, a rear face, an upper edge margin, a lower edge margin, a left edge margin, and a right edge margin;
a top flange extending forward from the upper edge margin and a bottom flange extending forward from the lower edge margin, the top and bottom flanges configured to receive and retain a stud mounting bracket therebetween;
at least one positioning tab extending generally forward from the base at an angle and positioned between the top and bottom flanges, the positioning tab being configured to prevent rotation of the box mounting clip relative to the stud mounting bracket when the stud mounting bracket is received between the top and bottom flanges; and
an attachment flange extending upward from the top flange and configured for attachment to the junction box to mount the junction box on the stud mounting bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,770,875

POKE-THROUGH ELECTRICAL OUTLET ASSEMBLY WITH LEVELING BEZEL

1. An electrical outlet assembly for mounting in a floor or work surface, said unit comprising:an upper bezel defining a longitudinal bezel axis;
a plurality of fastener receivers positioned below said upper bezel;
a lower insert spaced below said upper bezel and having a longitudinal insert axis, wherein said lower insert is positionable with the longitudinal insert axis in parallel alignment with the longitudinal bezel axis, said lower insert defining a plurality of recesses;
a plurality of coupling fasteners having lower portions received in respective ones of said recesses, and upper portions extending above said lower insert and secured at respective ones of said fastener receivers;
a plurality of sloped channel members coupled to said upper bezel and extending downwardly therefrom;
a securing element slidably disposed in each of said sloped channel members;
a mounting fastener threadedly coupled to each of said securing elements and extending upwardly through said sloped channel member; and
a leaf spring disposed in a channel formed in an outer periphery of said lower insert, and an adjustment screw coupled to opposite ends of said leaf spring,
wherein rotation of said adjustment screw biases a midsection of said leaf spring radially outwardly from said outer periphery of said lower insert;
wherein said sloped channel members are configured so that said securing elements are moved vertically and radially outwardly from said longitudinal bezel axis upon rotation of said mounting fasteners in one direction,
and said securing elements are moved vertically and radially inwardly from said longitudinal bezel axis upon rotation of said mounting fasteners in an opposite direction; and
wherein said lower portions of said coupling fasteners are axially movable within said recesses to permit said lower insert to move a limited distance along the longitudinal insert axis,
and to permit said lower insert to tilt relative to said upper bezel with the longitudinal insert axis oriented in non-parallel alignment with the longitudinal bezel axis.

US Pat. No. 10,770,868

SPARK PLUG THAT SUPPRESSES PRE-IGNITION AND MISFIRES

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A spark plug comprising:a center electrode:
a ground electrode that includes a facing portion facing a front end portion of the center electrode and forms a discharge gap between the facing portion and the front end portion of the center electrode;
a cylindrical insulator that accommodates the center electrode therein with the front end portion of the center electrode being exposed from a front end of the insulator;
a metal shell that accommodates the insulator therein; and
a cover portion that covers, from a front end side of the spark plug, the front end portion of the center electrode and the facing portion of the ground electrode to form a pre-chamber,
the cover portion including an injection hole that is a through hole,
wherein the insulator includes an outer peripheral surface that is exposed to the pre-chamber,
the cover portion includes a portion that is exposed to the pre-chamber,
the metal shell includes a portion that is exposed to the pre-chamber, and
wherein when a surface area of the outer peripheral surface of the insulator is a first surface area A (mm2), and a total surface area of the portion of the cover portion and the portion of the metal shell is a second surface area B (mm2), a relational expression 1 below is satisfied:
0.10

US Pat. No. 10,770,858

PICK AND PLACE CAP

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A pick and place cap configured to facilitate picking and placing a connector when the cap is assembled to the connector, the cap comprising:a longitudinal top wall;
opposing side walls extending downwardly from opposite longitudinal ends of the top wall;
a front wall extending downwardly from a front end of the top wall, the front wall having a middle section disposed between two side sections, the side sections offset rearwardly relative to the middle section; and
a plurality of spaced apart ribs disposed between the side walls and extending downwardly from a bottom side of the top wall, the middle section of the front wall extending downwardly beyond the plurality of spaced apart ribs and the side sections of the front wall.

US Pat. No. 10,770,842

CONNECTOR WITH AN ELASTIC CLIP FOR A RADIATOR

Tyco Electronics (Shangha...

1. A connector, comprising:a cage having a plurality of insertion chambers arranged in parallel;
a plurality of radiators each mounted on a top wall of one of the plurality of insertion chambers; and
a plurality of elastic clips each adapted to fix one of the radiators on the top wall of one of the insertion chambers, each clip has a pair of longitudinal beams including a first longitudinal beam and a second longitudinal beam, and a pair of elastic lateral beams connected between the pair of longitudinal beams, the pair of elastic lateral beams cross the radiator in a lateral direction of the cage and press the radiator on the top wall of the insertion chamber, the pair of longitudinal beams are located at a pair of sides of the radiator opposite to each other in the lateral direction and are locked to the top wall of the insertion chamber, a first hook is formed on the first longitudinal beam and located at a middle of the first longitudinal beam in a length direction of the first longitudinal beam, a second hook and a third hook are formed on the second longitudinal beam and located at opposite ends of the second longitudinal beam in a length direction of the second longitudinal beam, and a pressing tab is formed on the first longitudinal beam and connected to an upper edge of the first longitudinal beam at the middle of the first longitudinal beam in the length direction.

US Pat. No. 10,770,831

STRAIN RELIEF HOSE BARB CABLE CONNECTOR

Western Technology, Inc.,...

1. An electrical cable connector assembly for relieving strain on an electrical cable coupleable to an electronics device, comprising:an electronics connector fitting having a first coupling portion and a second coupling portion, and a passageway extending from the first coupling portion to the second coupling portion, the first coupling portion coupleable to an electronics device, and the passageway operable to support the electrical cable extending through the passageway;
a connector body having a connection portion coupleable to the second coupling portion of the electronics connector fitting, the connector body having a sleeve interface portion formed about an outer surface of the connector body, the sleeve interface portion comprising a plurality of axially spaced protrusions; and
an elongate compliant sleeve formed of a substantially elastic material and having a connector interface portion comprising a plurality of axially spaced recesses, the connector interface portions coupleable to the sleeve interface portion of the connector body to form a coupling interface having a keyed profile wherein each protrusion of the plurality of axially spaced protrusions is mated to a complementary recess of the plurality of axially spaced recesses, the elongate compliant sleeve having an electrical cable channel configured to receive a portion of an electrical cable electrically coupleable to the electronics device, the elongate compliant sleeve operable to relieve strain on the electrical cable, in response to movement of the electrical cable relative to the electronics connector fitting, in at least one radial direction relative to a longitudinal central axis of the connector body.

US Pat. No. 10,770,827

WATERPROOF STRUCTURE FOR PREVENTING WATER FROM PENETRATING INTO ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS AND WATERPROOF ANNULAR RING

PHIHONG TECHNOLOGY CO., L...

1. An annular ring device for preventing water from penetrating into a transformer, wherein said transformer includes a housing and a socket disposed in said housing, wherein said housing includes a concave groove formed therein, wherein said socket includes a protruded edge formed on a side surface thereof, said annular ring comprising:an annular ring body, a cross-section of said annular ring body having a shape with a concave notch;
wherein said protruded edge is disposed within said notch, wherein one or more strip-shaped protruded portions are formed on one or two outer lateral surfaces of said annular ring body to provide anti-skid function.

US Pat. No. 10,770,825

ELECTRICAL CONTACT SPRING AND ELECTRICAL ASSEMBLY INCLUDING SAME

APTIV TECHNOLOGIES LIMITE...

1. An electrical assembly, comprising:a planar first member formed of a first electrically conductive material defining an aperture therethrough;
a second member distinct from the first member and formed of a second electrically conductive material; and
a contact spring formed of a third electrically conductive material disposed within the aperture and in physical and electrical contact with the first and second members, said contact spring having a planar base portion, an arcuate portion extending from the base portion in contact with the second member, and two winged portions extending from distal edges of the base portion and flanking the base portion, each of the two winged portions being in contact with an inner surface of the aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,770,823

SAFETY SHIELD ASSEMBLY FOR POWER RECEPTACLE AND RELATED POWER RECEPTACLE

Chengli Li, Suzhou (CN)

1. A safety shield assembly for a power receptacle, comprising:a frame;
a sliding block disposed in the frame; and
a resilient member disposed in the frame;
wherein the frame includes a bottom panel with at least two openings corresponding to at least two socket holes of the power receptacle, a position limiting member configured to abut the sliding block, and a balancing support member,
wherein when the resilient member is in its initial state, it urges the sliding block to a closed position where the sliding block covers the at least two openings,
wherein the sliding block further includes two inclined surfaces, wherein when an inserted object pushes on only one of the two inclined surfaces, the position limiting member limits a sliding motion of the sliding block, and wherein when two inserted objects simultaneously push on the two inclined surfaces, the sliding block is balanced on the balancing support member and slides along the frame to expose the at least two openings.

US Pat. No. 10,770,818

ELECTRICAL CONTACT AND ELECTRIC COMPONENT SOCKET

ENPLAS CORPORATION, Sait...

1. An electrical contact comprising:a contacting portion including convex portions provided around a center of a tip portion of the contacting portion, wherein
each of the convex portions has a flat portion on an outer circumferential side and formed by a plane that is perpendicular to an axial line of the electrical contact, and a peak-shaped portion extending from the flat portion toward the center so as to be contactable with a terminal of an electric component, and
the contacting portion has valley-shaped portions, each valley-shaped portion being formed between adjacent convex portions of the convex portions.

US Pat. No. 10,770,817

TERMINAL MODULE

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A terminal module, comprising:an electrical contact including a body having a facing surface facing a butting portion provided on a mating terminal; and
an obliquely wound coil spring coiled by winding a conductive wire material a plurality of times, all turns of the conductive wire material being inclined in the same direction with respect to a coil axis, the obliquely wound coil spring being oriented such that the coil axis is parallel to the body of the electrical contact, the obliquely wound coil spring being sandwiched between the mating terminal and the electrical contact by the conductive wire material being deformed to tilt in one direction toward the coil axis when the mating terminal and the electrical contact approach so that the facing surface contacts a first outer surface of the spring and the contact surface contacts a second outer surface of the spring that is opposite the first outer surface; wherein
at least one of the facing surface on the body of the electrical contact on which the obliquely wound coil spring slides and a contact surface on the butting portion of the mating terminal on which the obliquely wound coil spring slides is formed into an uneven surface for increasing frictional resistance during sliding.

US Pat. No. 10,770,808

CONNECTOR WITH A LOCKING MECHANISM

PCT International, Inc., ...

1. A coaxial cable termination device comprising:a barrel including opposed front and rear ends and a circumferential channel therebetween;
a collet at the front end of the barrel;
a sleeve mounted over the barrel for reciprocal movement between a retracted position, in which the sleeve allows expansion and compression of the collet, and an advanced position, in which the sleeve prevents expansion and urges compression of the collet; and
a locking mechanism formed integrally in the sleeve, the locking mechanism including an arm mounted in the sleeve at a living hinge for movement between an unlocked position of the arm and a locked position of the arm in which a tooth on the arm is disposed within the circumferential channel, and a lever opposite the tooth from the living hinge to release the arm from the locked position thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,770,804

WIRE WITH TERMINAL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING WIRE WITH TERMINAL

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A wire and terminal assembly, comprising:a wire including a conductor extending to an end of the wire and an insulation coating surrounding the conductor at locations spaced from the end of the wire to define an exposed conductor portion adjacent to the end of the wire;
a water stop held in close contact with an outer surface of the insulation coating along an area of the insulation coating substantially adjacent the exposed conductor portion and the water stop extending around an outer circumference of the insulation coating; and
a terminal including a conductor crimping portion crimped to the conductor and a water stop holding portion held in close contact with an outer surface side of an area of the water stop that is held in close contact with an outer surface of the insulation coating, the water stop holding portion including a bottom plate opposed to the wire and two barrel pieces rising from the bottom plate wherein
the water stop is made of resin that is cured by light irradiation, and disposed between the bottom plate of the water stop holding portion and the insulation coating.

US Pat. No. 10,770,800

WAVEGUIDE SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INDUCING A NON-FUNDAMENTAL WAVE MODE ON A TRANSMISSION MEDIUM

15. A system, comprising:a launcher that facilitates radiating instances of an electromagnetic wave from a plurality of waveguide slots; and
a waveguide structure that facilitates generating a combined electromagnetic wave based on the instances of the electromagnetic wave radiated by the launcher, the instances of the electromagnetic wave forming the combined electromagnetic wave on a transmission medium, wherein the combined electromagnetic wave substantially has a non-fundamental wave mode; and
an antenna system coupled to the transmission medium that facilitates transmission of a wireless signal based on the combined electromagnetic wave received from the transmission medium.

US Pat. No. 10,770,787

MULTI-SECTOR ANTENNAS

Ubiquiti Inc., New York,...

1. A method of operating an antenna assembly having a plurality of antenna sections that are linearly positioned adjacent to each other in a first axis, the method comprising:emitting a first radio wave signal in a first direction from a first array of radiators in the first axis and in a first one of the plurality of antenna sections;
emitting a second radio wave signal in a second direction from a second array of radiators in the first axis and in a second one of the plurality of antenna sections;
emitting a third radio wave signal in a third direction from a third array of radiators in the first axis and in a third one of the plurality of antenna sections; and
suppressing radio wave signals between the plurality of antenna sections to prevent radio wave signals from any of the antenna sections of the plurality of antenna sections from being received by adjacent antenna sections of the plurality of antenna sections, wherein suppressing radio wave signals comprises providing an isolation plate between adjacent antenna sections of the plurality of antenna sections, wherein a front edge of the isolation plate includes a plurality of ridges extending parallel to the front edge.

US Pat. No. 10,770,780

ANTENNA APPARATUS AND CIRCUIT BOARD THEREOF

MICROELECTRONICS TECHNOLO...

1. An antenna apparatus, the antenna apparatus comprising:a metal housing having a concavity defined therein;
a circuit board disposed inside the concavity of the housing;
two plates respectively located on opposite side portions of the circuit board; and
a metal pattern sandwiched between and wirelessly coupled to the two plates.

US Pat. No. 10,770,778

SELF-LOCKING FIXING DEVICE AND ANTENNA ASSEMBLY

Nokia Shanghia Bell Co., ...

1. A self-locking fixing device, comprising:an inner mandrel arranged to include a nail head and a nail rod extending away from the nail head; and
a bushing arranged to include a nail head bushing and a nail rod bushing extending away from the nail head bushing, a sidewall of the nail head bushing being provided with at least two elastic clamping units, each elastic clamping unit is provided with a clamping portion on an inner surface of the corresponding elastic clamping unit, the clamping portions of the at least two elastic clamping units extending inwardly from the sidewall of the nail head bushing;
wherein, if the inner mandrel is assembled with the bushing, the nail head is located in the nail head bushing, the nail rod is located in the nail rod bushing, and the clamping portions of the at least two elastic clamping units are engaged with an upper surface of the nail head to clamp the nail head in the nail head bushing.

US Pat. No. 10,770,775

RADIAL COMBINER

1. A radial combiner, comprising:a radial waveguide cavity defined by:
a top plate having a circular cross-section and a metallic composition;
a bottom plate having a circular cross-section, a metallic composition, and being situated substantially parallel to the top plate;
an outside wall connecting the top plate and the bottom plate along a circumference of at least one of the top plate and the bottom plate; and
an interior of the radial waveguide cavity located between the top plate, the bottom plate, and the outside wall with a substantially uniform height throughout;
a plurality of monopole radiators located within the interior of the radial waveguide cavity;
a plurality of coaxial ports mounted on one of the top plate or the bottom plate, mounted exterior to the radial waveguide cavity, and substantially equally spaced towards a periphery of the radial waveguide cavity, each coaxial port in the plurality of coaxial ports:
being mounted so as to be normal relative to the top plate or the bottom plate; and
having a coaxial center conductor which extends through a hole in one of the top plate and the bottom plate, the coaxial center conductor of each coaxial port being electrically connected to one of the respective monopole radiators for each coaxial port within the interior of the radial waveguide cavity; and
a center conductor, wherein the center conductor:
is located substantially at a center of the interior of the radial waveguide cavity;
is positioned so as to be normal relative to the top plate or the bottom plate;
extends within the interior of the radial waveguide cavity between the top plate and the bottom plate;
transitions, on a first side of the interior, to a coaxial waveguide located exterior to the radial waveguide cavity; and
terminates on a second side of the interior which is opposite the first side.

US Pat. No. 10,770,772

SIGNAL TRANSMISSION CABLE, MULTICORE CABLE, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SIGNAL TRANSMISSION CABLE

Hitachi Metals, Ltd., To...

1. A signal transmission cable comprising:a signal line;
an insulation layer configured to cover the signal line; and
a plating layer configured to cover the insulation layer,
wherein an arithmetic average roughness Ra of an outer peripheral surface of the insulation layer is between 0.6 ?m and 10 ?m inclusive;
wherein the insulation layer is made of polyethylene or perfluoroethylene-propene copolymer,
wherein when the insulation layer is made of the polyethylene, a crystallinity Xc expressed in following Formula 1 is 0.744 or greater,
wherein when the insulation layer is made of the perfluoroethylene-propene copolymer, a crystallinity Xc expressed in the following Formula 1 is 0.47 or less, and

wherein Ic in the Formula 1 is X-ray diffraction intensity of a crystalline component, and Ia is X-ray diffraction intensity of a noncrystalline component.

US Pat. No. 10,770,762

BATTERY MODULE AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING THE BATTERY MODULE

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module, comprising:first and second battery cells;
a first frame member having a first substantially rectangular ring-shaped outer plastic frame and a first heat exchanger;
the first heat exchanger having first and second thermally conductive plates being coupled together and directly contacting one another such that the first and second thermally conductive plates define a first flow path portion extending therethrough, the first flow path portion having at least first, second, and third flow path subportions each extending through the first and second thermally conductive plates;
the first substantially rectangular ring-shaped outer plastic frame having first, second, third, and fourth side walls; the first and second side walls extending substantially parallel to one another; the third and fourth side walls being coupled between the first and second side walls and extending substantially parallel to one another and perpendicular to the first and second side walls;
the first side wall having first, second, and third apertures extending therethrough that communicate with the first, second, and third flow path subportions, respectively; the second aperture being larger than the first aperture; the second aperture being larger than the third aperture, the second aperture being disposed between the first and third apertures,
the second side wall having fourth, fifth, and sixth apertures extending therethrough that communicate with the first, second, and third flow path subportions, respectively; the fifth aperture being larger than the fourth aperture; the fifth aperture being larger than the sixth aperture; the fifth aperture being disposed between the fourth and sixth apertures;
the first thermally conductive plate having first, second, third, and fourth peripheral portions and first and second elongated depressed portions; the first, second, third, and fourth peripheral portions of the first thermally conductive plate being embedded within the first, second, third, and fourth side walls, respectively, of the first substantially rectangular ring-shaped outer plastic frame;
the second thermally conductive plate having first, second, third, and fourth peripheral portions and first and second elongated depressed portions; the first, second, third, and fourth peripheral portions of the second thermally conductive plate being embedded within the first, second, third, and fourth side walls, respectively, of the first substantially rectangular ring-shaped outer plastic frame and being directly coupled to the first, second, third, and fourth peripheral portions, respectively, of the first thermally conductive plate within the first substantially rectangular ring-shaped outer plastic frame; the first and second elongated depressed portions of the second thermally conductive plate contacting the first and second elongated depressed portions, respectively, of the first thermally conductive plate;
the first battery cell being disposed on and against a first side of the first thermally conductive plate; and
the second battery cell being disposed on and against the first side of the first thermally conductive plate, the second battery cell being further disposed proximate to the first battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,770,761

FUEL CELL CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD THEREOF, AND FUEL CELL VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell control device comprising:a fuel cell system having a fuel cell and a secondary battery; and
a controller configured to control the fuel cell system, wherein:
the controller is configured to determine whether or not a state of charge of the secondary battery is equal to or lower than a threshold which is set to a first threshold value obtained by adding an addition value to a lower limit at which electric power required to stop and start the fuel cell system is supplied, the addition value being set to a first predetermined value;
in a case where the controller receives a command to stop the fuel cell system and determines that the state of charge of the secondary battery is equal to or lower than the threshold, the controller is configured to control the fuel cell system to perform a first forced charging of the secondary battery by the fuel cell until the state of charge reaches the threshold;
the controller is configured to stop the fuel cell system after the first forced charging is performed; and
after the fuel cell system is stopped, in a case where (i) the fuel cell system is started based on a request for starting the fuel cell system within a predetermined period and (ii) the controller receives the command to stop the fuel cell system within the predetermined period, the controller is configured to:
set the threshold to a second threshold value obtained by adding the addition value, which is set to a second predetermined value lower than the first predetermined value, to the lower limit, and
control the fuel cell system to perform a second forced charging of the secondary battery by the fuel cell if the state of charge of the secondary battery is equal to or lower than the threshold after being set to the second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,770,754

ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY AND LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY COMPRISING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A lithium-sulfur battery comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and an electrolyte solution, wherein the electrolyte solution comprises:a lithium salt; and
a non-aqueous solvent,
wherein the non-aqueous solvent is a mixture of a cyclic ether including one oxygen in a cyclic structure; and
a linear ether represented by the following Chemical Formula 1:
R—O—(CH2CH2O)x—CH2CH3
wherein:
R is methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl or butyl; and
x is 1, and
wherein the cyclic ether is tetrahydrofuran or tetrahydropyran unsubstituted or substituted with a C1 to C4 alkyl group or alkoxy group.

US Pat. No. 10,770,752

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERIES

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly in which a positive electrode and a negative electrode are stacked together through a separator;
a nonaqueous electrolytic solution; and
an exterior case accommodating the electrode assembly and the nonaqueous electrolytic solution, wherein:
the negative electrode is electrically connected to the exterior case,
the exterior case contains iron,
the nonaqueous electrolytic solution includes a fluorinated carboxylate ester and lithium fluorosulfate salt (LiSO3F),
the fluorinated carboxylate ester is represented by the following formula:

where R1 and R2 are each any of H, F, CH3?xFx (x is 1, 2 or 3) and R3 is an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms or is a fluorinated alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, and
the lithium fluorosulfate salt (LiSO3F) is present in the nonaqueous electrolytic solution in a range from 1 mass % to 3 mass %.

US Pat. No. 10,770,750

LITHIUM ION CONDUCTOR, SOLID ELECTROLYTE LAYER, ELECTRODE, BATTERY, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A lithium ion conductor comprising:a first lithium ion conductor that contains at least one of oxide crystals and crystallized glass; and
a second lithium ion conductor that is sintered at a temperature of not more than 600° C.,
wherein a lithium ion conductivity of the first lithium ion conductor is higher than a lithium ion conductivity of the second lithium ion conductor,
wherein the second lithium ion conductor contains a glass, and
wherein the glass contains at least one of a germanium, a silicon, a boron, and a phosphorus material, as well as lithium and oxygen.

US Pat. No. 10,770,748

LITHIUM-SELENIUM BATTERY CONTAINING AN ELECTRODE-PROTECTING LAYER AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING CYCLE-LIFE

Global Graphene Group, In...

1. A lithium-selenium secondary battery comprising a cathode, an anode, and a porous separator or electrolyte disposed between said cathode and said anode, comprising:(a) an anode active material layer, comprising a layer of lithium or lithium alloy, in a form of a foil, coating, or multiple particles aggregated together, as an anode active material, and an optional anode current collector supporting said anode active material layer;
(b) a cathode active material layer, comprising a selenium-containing material as a cathode active material, selected from selenium, a selenium-carbon hybrid, a selenium-graphite hybrid, a selenium-graphene hybrid, a conducting polymer-selenium hybrid, a metal selenide, a Se alloy or mixture with Sn, Sb, Bi, S, or Te, a selenium compound, or a combination thereof, and an optional cathode current collector supporting said cathode active material layer;
(c) an electrolyte and a porous separator layer; and
(d) a discrete anode-protecting layer disposed between said anode active material layer and said porous separator and/or a discrete cathode-protecting layer disposed between the porous separator and the cathode active material layer;
wherein said anode-protecting layer or cathode-protecting layer comprises a conductive sulfonated elastomer composite having from 0.01% to 50% by weight of a conductive reinforcement material dispersed in a sulfonated elastomeric matrix material and said layer of conductive sulfonated elastomer composite has a thickness from 1 nm to 100 ?m, a fully recoverable tensile strain from 2% to 500%, a lithium ion conductivity from 10?7 S/cm to 5×10?2 S/cm, and an electrical conductivity from 10?7 S/cm to 100 S/cm when measured at room temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,770,744

LITHIUM ION BATTERY MODULE WITH COOLING SYSTEM

Sterling PBES Energy Solu...

1. A battery module comprising:a plurality of carrier assemblies stacked on top of one another to form a cell stack, each carrier assembly comprising:
a thermally conductive backing plate extending between opposing first and second side edges and opposing top and bottom edges;
a frame integrally formed with the thermally conductive backing plate and extending from one or more of the first and second side edges and the top and bottom edges, the frame comprising a liquid coolant-receiving channel extending around at least a portion of a perimeter of the backing plate, the perimeter defined by the first and second side edges and the top and bottom edges; and
a battery cell disposed on a front surface of the backing plate, and comprising a compressible foam sheet disposed in front of the battery cell, the battery cell having a positive current collector tab and a negative current collector tab extending from the battery cell, wherein, apart from each endmost current collector tab in the cell stack, each one of the current collector tabs is paired with and connected to a current collector tab of opposite polarity in a battery cell of an adjacent carrier assembly; and
a plurality of compression bars, each compression bar placed over a corresponding pair of connected current collector tabs and adapted to maintain electrical contact between the paired tabs and remove heat therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,770,741

FUEL CELL MODULE WITH HYDRODESULFURIZER AND PREHEATING

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A fuel cell module, comprising:a hydrodesulfurizer configured to desulfurize fuel gas with a hydrodesulfurization catalyst;
a reformer configured to generate hydrogen-containing gas using the desulfurized fuel gas;
a cell stack constituted by stacking a plurality of fuel cells, the cell stack being configured to generate electric power using the hydrogen-containing gas and an oxygen-containing gas;
an exhaust gas channel portion configured to discharge the hydrogen-containing gas that is not consumed by the cell stack, and discharge exhaust gas that is generated by the combustion of the oxygen-containing gas;
an air-preheating channel portion that is disposed so as to be adjacent to the exhaust gas channel portion and that is configured to preheat the oxygen-containing gas through heat exchange with the exhaust gas channel portion, the air-preheating channel portion being disposed between the hydrodesulfurizer and the cell stack;
wherein the air-preheating channel portion includes a first air-preheating channel portion extending from the lower portion to the upper portion of the fuel cell module; and
an insulator configured to be arranged so as to be in contact with the hydrodesulfurizer and the first air-preheating channel portion between the hydrodesulfurizer and the first air-preheating channel portion, wherein the hydrodesulfurizer is disposed on one side of the air-reheating channel portion in contact via the insulator with the first air-preheating channel portion, and the exhaust gas channel portion is disposed on the other side of the first air-preheating channel portion in contact via the first air-preheating channel portion and the insulator with the hydrodesulfurizer.

US Pat. No. 10,770,737

GASKET AND FUEL CELL STACK INCLUDING GASKET

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A gasket configured to be caught between a first fuel cell and a second fuel cell, the gasket being configured to surround a sealed area and to be compressed in a height direction between the first fuel cell and the second fuel cell to seal the sealed area, the gasket comprising:a first sealing part configured to surround the sealed area; and
a second sealing part configured to surround the sealed area and the first sealing part, wherein,
in the first sealing part, a first compressive deformation ratio at a first section configured to be arranged on a side of the gasket facing the first fuel cell is greater than a second compressive deformation ratio at a second section configured to be arranged on a side of the gasket facing the second fuel cell,
in the second sealing part, a third compressive deformation ratio at a third section configured to be arranged on the side of the gasket facing the second fuel cell is greater than a fourth compressive deformation ratio at a fourth section configured to be arranged on the side of the gasket facing the first fuel cell, and
each of the first, second, third, and fourth compressive deformation ratios is defined as a ratio of a deformation amount in the height direction of the first, second, third, and fourth sections, respectively, to pressure applied to the first, second, third, and fourth sections, respectively, in the height direction.

US Pat. No. 10,770,733

DIATOMACEOUS ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

Printed Energy Pty Ltd, ...

1. An energy storage device, comprising:a first current collector layer and a second current collector layer that are laterally adjacent to each other and are substantially flat layers extending laterally along a major surface of a substrate;
a first electrode layer of a first type over the first current collector layer, wherein the first electrode layer is a printed layer comprising frustules having formed thereon nanostructures comprising an oxide of manganese;
a second electrode layer of a second type over the second current collector layer, the first type different than the second type; and
a separator between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 10,770,728

ANODE MATERIAL HAVING POROUS CORE-SHELL STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME AND BATTERY

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. An anode material having a porous core-shell structure, comprising:a core formed of at least one carbonaceous material selected from a group consisting of graphite, hard carbon, and soft carbon; and
a carbon shell coated on a surface of the core, wherein the carbon shell comprises amorphous carbon, a cobalt element, and a tin element, and the carbon shell is a porous structure that has a plurality of pores and a porosity percentage of a pore volume in a total volume of the carbon shell greater than 10%, and wherein a weight ratio of the cobalt element to the tin element to the amorphous carbon of the carbon shell is about 1:2-4:4-8, the cobalt element and the tin element are presented in the carbon shell in a form of tin cobalt alloy particles, and the tin cobalt alloy particles have a particle diameter of about 30 nanometers to about 70 nanometers.

US Pat. No. 10,770,727

CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY, COMPRISING METAL SULFIDE NANOPARTICLES, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A positive electrode active material for a lithium-sulfur battery, which comprises:a sulfur/carbon composite; and
metal sulfide nanoparticles,
wherein the sulfur/carbon composite comprises sulfur particles supported on a porous carbon-based material, and
further wherein the metal sulfide nanoparticles are compounds represented by MxSy, wherein
x and y are integers that satisfy 0 M is at least one metal selected from the group consisting of cobalt (Co), molybdenum (Mo), titanium (Ti), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), silver (Ag) and mercury (Hg).

US Pat. No. 10,770,720

COMPOSITE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL AND METHOD FOR PREPARING COMPOSITE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE PLATE OF LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A composite negative electrode, comprising:a doped carbon core containing a first doping element, wherein the first doping element comprises nitrogen, wherein a nitrogen atom of the first doping element and a carbon atom in the doped carbon core are bonded in at least one form of pyridinic nitrogen, graphite nitrogen or pyrrolic nitrogen; and
a doped carbon coating layer that coats a surface of the doped carbon core, wherein the doped carbon coating layer comprises a second doping element that is P, B, S, O, F, Cl, or H, and wherein the first doping element is different from the second doping element.

US Pat. No. 10,770,717

COMPOSITION FOR SECONDARY BATTERY NEGATIVE ELECTRODE AND NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME AND SECONDARY BATTERY

JNC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A composition for a secondary battery negative electrode comprising:a carbonaceous material (a); and
a silicon oxide structure (b),
wherein the silicon oxide structure (b) comprises a silicon oxide framework containing Si and O in its atomic composition and silicon-based nanoparticles that are chemically bonded to the silicon oxide framework as components,
wherein the silicon oxide structure (b) is contained in a proportion of 15 mass % or more with respect to a total amount of the carbonaceous material (a) and the silicon oxide structure (b), and
wherein the silicon oxide structure (b) satisfies the following conditions (i) to (iii):
(i) having an atomic composition represented by a general formula SiOx2Hy2, wherein 0.3 (ii) having Si—H bonds; and
(iii) being essentially free of carbon.

US Pat. No. 10,770,716

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

Envision AESC Japan Ltd.,...

1. A flat stacked type non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising a power generating element including:a positive electrode comprising a positive electrode active material layer containing a positive electrode active material formed on a surface of a positive electrode current collector,
a negative electrode comprising a negative electrode active material layer containing a negative electrode active material formed on a surface of a negative electrode current collector, and the negative electrode active material contains a carbon material, and
an electrolyte layer, wherein
a ratio of a rated capacity to a pore volume of the negative electrode active material layer is 1.12 Ah/cc or more, a ratio of a battery area to a rated capacity is 4.0 cm2/Ah or more, and a rated capacity is 30 Ah or more,
the electrolyte layer contains an electrolyte solution containing an electrolyte salt dissolved in the electrolyte solution and a value obtained by dividing a weight of an electrolyte salt in pores in the negative electrode active material layer by a weight of the negative electrode active material is from 0.033 to 0.041, and
wherein a Walden product of the electrolyte solution at 0° C. is from 2.9×10?6 to 3.2×10?6 Pa·s·S·m2·mol?1, and
wherein a specific surface area of the negative electrode active material layer is from 1.7 to 2.6 m2/g.

US Pat. No. 10,770,703

BATTERY MODULE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A battery module comprising:a cell stack which is constituted by stacking a plurality of cells in a first direction and includes a first surface which is a surface on one end side in the first direction, a second surface which is a surface on the other end side in the first direction, a third surface which is a surface on one end side in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, a fourth surface which is a surface on the other end side in the second direction, a fifth surface which is a surface on one end side in a third direction perpendicular to the first direction and the second direction, and a sixth surface which is a surface on the other end side in the third direction;
a pair of end plates which are disposed on the first surface and the second surface of the cell stack; and
a pair of connection frames which connect the pair of end plates, wherein
the pair of end plates each includes:
a plurality of column portions extending in the third direction;
a plurality of beam portions extending in the second direction; and
hollow portions formed by the column portions and the beam portions,
the pair of end plates each has a uniform width in the first direction,
in at least one beam portion of the plurality of beam portions, a width in the third direction of a central portion in the second direction is greater than a width in the third direction of both end portions in the second direction, and
the pair of connection frames each includes:
a connection frame body; and
a pair of wrap-around portions which extend from the connection frame body to be curved to the first surface and the second surface of the cell stack.

US Pat. No. 10,770,701

BATTERY PACK STRUCTURE WITH SUPPORT PLATES

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A battery pack structure of a vehicle, the structure comprising:a cell module assembly formed by stacking a plurality of cell modules;
end plates coupled to first and second side end portions of the cell module assembly; and
first and second support plates coupled to a top portion and a bottom portion of the cell module assembly and first and second side end portions of the end plates to bring the cell modules in contact with each other,
wherein the cell modules each have a terminal on a first side for electrical connection between the cell modules and a fastening portion on a second side for coupling to the first and second support plates,
wherein the cell modules are stacked such that the terminals and the fastening portions of the cell modules are alternately disposed in the cell module assembly in groupings of at least two terminals and fastening portions,
wherein the first support plate that is coupled to the top portion of the cell module assembly and the first and second side end portions of the end plates, has a plurality of protrusions formed toward the fastening portions of the cell modules, and
wherein the fastening portions of the cell modules are fastened to the protrusions.

US Pat. No. 10,770,699

STABLE BROMINE CHARGE STORAGE IN POROUS CARBON ELECTRODES USING TETRAALKYLAMMONIUM BROMIDES FOR REVERSIBLE SOLID COMPLEXATION

The Regents of the Univer...

1. An energy storage device, comprising:an electrical double layer capacitor (EDLC) including:one or more cells, each cell including:
a pouch having a first wall and a second wall, the first wall and the second wall each comprising a current collector including a carbon-polymer composite; a plastic spacer, a first electrode, a second electrode , an electrolyte, and a separator inside the pouch; and
a seal between the first wall and the second wall so that the plastic spacer, the first electrode, the second electrode, the electrolyte, and the separator are sealed inside the pouch; and wherein:
the first electrode and the second electrode are in contact with the electrolyte,
the electrolyte includes a first redox couple comprising bromine or a bromine moiety and a second redox couple comprising a viologen;
during charging, the electrolyte evolves into a catholyte including the first redox couple and an anolyte including the second redox couple; and
when charged, the charge is stored in Faradaic reactions with the first redox couple and the second redox couple in the electrolyte and in a double-layer capacitance of athc porous carbon material that comprises at least one of the first electrodecicctrodcs or the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,770,694

PRISMATIC BATTERY CELL HAVING TWO OR MORE CASE MEMBERS

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A prismatic battery cell comprising:an electrode assembly comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a separator disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, the electrode assembly having a positive electrode terminal and a negative electrode terminal protruding from at least one side of the positive electrode and the negative electrode, wherein the electrode assembly includes a step formed on an outer surface thereof;
two or more case members coupled to each other so as to have a shape corresponding to an external shape of the electrode assembly such that the case members surround the electrode assembly, the case members having a predetermined opening, through which one surface of the electrode assembly corresponding to protruding portions of the positive electrode terminal and the negative electrode terminal is exposed; and
a cap plate coupled to the opening of the case members in a sealed state,
wherein a first case member of the two or more case members includes a first step coupling portion, a second case member of the two or more case members includes a second step coupling portion, and an outer surface of the first step coupling portion and an inner surface of the second step coupling portion are directly coupled to each other,
wherein the case members include a step in at least one outer surface thereof, and
wherein the step of the case members is formed to correspond to the step of the electrode assembly, and
wherein the positive electrode terminal and the negative electrode terminal are electrically connected to the cap plate in the sealed state.

US Pat. No. 10,770,692

SOLID STATE BATTERIES MADE ON A MOBILE COMPUTING DEVICE

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A system comprising:an enclosure of a mobile computing device, wherein the enclosure comprises an external surface and an internal surface, wherein the external surface is opposite the internal surface; and
a lithium-based battery having a plurality of battery layers deposited on the external surface of the enclosure such that the enclosure is a substrate for the plurality of battery layers, wherein the plurality of battery layers include at least:
(i) a first conductive layer plated on a portion of the external surface of the enclosure, wherein the first conductive layer is configured as a cathode current collector of the lithium-based battery,
(ii) a second conductive layer plated on a respective portion of the external surface of the enclosure, wherein the second conductive layer is configured as a portion of an anode current collector of the lithium-based battery,
(iii) a protective coating that covers, at least partially, the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer, and
(iv) an electrolyte layer having at least a portion disposed between an anode and a cathode of the lithium-based battery, wherein the anode is in contact with the anode current collector, the electrolyte layer, and the external surface of the enclosure, wherein the cathode is in contact with the cathode current collector and electrolyte layer without contacting the external surface of the enclosure, and wherein the anode current collector is in contact with the electrolyte layer, wherein the plurality of battery layers further include one or more layers disposed between the first conductive layer and the protective coating, wherein the protective coating is in contact with the electrolyte layer, without contacting the substrate, the anode, or the cathode, and wherein the protective coating partially covers the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer such that at least a portion of the second conductive layer is exposed.

US Pat. No. 10,770,689

LIGHT EMITTING APPARATUS AND LIGHTING DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a substrate;
a light emitting diode on the substrate;
a refractive index adjustment layer on the light emitting diode;
a light scattering layer on the refractive index adjustment layer;
a first electrode disposed on the light scattering layer and connected to the light emitting diode;
an organic light emitting layer on the first electrode; and
a second electrode on the organic light emitting layer,
wherein the light scattering layer has a smaller refractive index than the refractive index adjustment layer.

US Pat. No. 10,770,688

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel comprising a display area and a non-display area surrounding the display area;
a window disposed above the display panel;
a driving circuit chip disposed in the non-display area and mounted on the display panel; and
a light-scattering member interposed between the display panel and the window,
wherein:
the light-scattering member overlaps with the driving circuit chip and contains scattering particles; and
the light-scattering member is in direct contact with the driving circuit chip.

US Pat. No. 10,770,687

LIGHT-EMITTING SYSTEM

PIONEER CORPORATION, Bun...

1. A light-emitting system comprising:a light-emitting unit comprising a resonator and an organic layer interposed in the resonator, the light-emitting unit inclined from a standard direction,
wherein a light distribution of light from the light-emitting unit has a higher luminous intensity in the standard direction compared to that in a reference direction along a width direction of any of the light-emitting unit, the resonator, or the organic layer,
wherein the light from the light-emitting unit comprises standard chromaticity in the standard direction, the light from the light-emitting unit further comprising first chromaticity and second chromaticity in a first side direction and a second side direction, respectively, the first side direction and the second side direction being symmetric with respect to the standard direction, and
wherein a difference between the first chromaticity and the reference chromaticity is smaller than a difference between the second chromaticity and the reference chromaticity.

US Pat. No. 10,770,682

DISPLAY PANEL AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display panel, comprising:a planarization layer that lies on a substrate and forms a planar upper surface;
an electrode pattern having electrode members positioned at first locations on the planarization layer in a non-display area of the substrate, and no electrode members at second locations;
a moisture-impermeable layer that covers the planarization layer, the moisture-impermeable layer being in contact with the electrode members at the first locations and in contact with the planarization layer at the second locations; and
an organic light-emitting diode that lies on the planarization layer in a display area, wherein a cathode of the organic light-emitting diode is in contact with the moisture-impermeable layer,
wherein the moisture-impermeable layer is made of a conductive metal material, and the electrode pattern receives a low-level voltage and applies the same to the cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,770,681

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An organic light-emitting display apparatus comprising:a substrate having a display area, within which an image is displayed, and a periphery area, within which no image is displayed, located next to or surrounding the display area;
a first organic insulating layer disposed on the substrate within the display area and the periphery area, and comprising a valley portion separating the first organic insulating layer from the periphery area;
a plurality of organic light-emitting devices disposed on the substrate, each of the plurality of organic light-emitting devices comprising, in the display area, a first electrode, an emission layer, and a second electrode, which are sequentially disposed over the first organic insulating layer, wherein the second electrode covers the emission layer and the valley portion;
a second organic insulating layer disposed over the first organic insulating layer in the display area and the periphery area, and comprising a first opening exposing a center portion of the first electrode and a second opening overlapping the valley portion; and
a capping layer covering the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,770,680

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display, including:a substrate including a display area in which an OLED is formed and a non-display area surrounding the display area;
a pixel defining layer disposed over the substrate and having an opening defining an emission area of the OLED;
a first passivation layer covering a portion of the pixel defining layer disposed in the non-display area;
a second passivation layer disposed in the non-display area;
an encapsulation substrate disposed to be opposite to the substrate;
a filler filling a space between the substrate and the encapsulation substrate and contacting the first and second passivation layers,
wherein the second passivation layer does not overlap an emission layer of the OLED of the display area,
wherein the first passivation layer and the second passivation layer are separated from each other, in part, by the pixel defining layer, and
wherein the first passivation layer covers a portion of an upper surface of the second passivation layer in the non-display area, a first portion of the second passivation layer is disposed under the pixel defining layer and contacts a lower surface of the pixel defining layer in the non-display area, and the first passivation layer overlaps the first portion of the second passivation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,770,679

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF INLCUDING SUBSTRATE HAVING GUIDE MARK DISPOSED OVERLAPPING SEALING MEMBER

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a first substrate corresponding to an active area, and a sealing area surrounding the active area;
a second substrate facing the first substrate;
a display portion in the active area;
a sealing member in the sealing area between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a guide mark on one surface of the second substrate in an area where the sealing member and the second substrate overlap each other, the guide mark being more narrow than the sealing member with respect to a direction in which the guide mark and the sealing member extend in a plan view,
wherein the guide mark comprises a plurality of marks each extending in a lengthwise direction of the sealing member, and
wherein the plurality of marks are apart from each other in the lengthwise direction of the sealing member.

US Pat. No. 10,770,672

FLEXIBLE OLED DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, AND SUPPORT SUBSTRATE

SAKAI DISPLAY PRODUCTS CO...

1. A method for producing a flexible OLED device, comprising:providing a multilayer stack, the multilayer stack including a base, a functional layer region which includes a TFT layer and an OLED layer, a flexible film provided between the base and the functional layer region and supporting the functional layer region, and a release layer provided between the flexible film and the base and bound to the base; and
irradiating the release layer with ultraviolet laser light transmitted through the base, thereby delaminating the flexible film from the release layer,
wherein the release layer is made of a polycrystal of tantalum nitride.

US Pat. No. 10,770,670

INVERTED ORGANIC PHOTOSENSITIVE DEVICES

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method for producing an inverted, organic photovoltaic device, said method comprising:providing a metal reflective electrode;
performing at least an ultra-violet ozone (UV-O3) surface treatment on said metal reflective electrode;
forming an organic donor-acceptor heterojunction over said metal reflective electrode;
and forming a transparent electrode over said organic donor-acceptor heterojunction.

US Pat. No. 10,770,665

FLUORINATED DYE COMPOUNDS FOR ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS

NEXT ENERGY TECHNOLOGY, I...

11. A small molecule compound of Formula (I):T1a-T2a-(A1)m-(B1)n-P-(B2)n-(A2)m-T2b-T1b   (I)
wherein
P is an optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted heteroaryl group;
or P is a group having the formula: -Al-P?-A2-, wherein P? is an optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted heteroaryl group;
each B1 and each B2, independently, is an optionally substituted thiophene;
each A1 and each A2, independently, is an optionally substituted aryl group or an optionally substituted heteroaryl group;
T2a and T2b, independently, have the formula:

T1a and T1b, independently, have the formula:

wherein each R4, R5, R6, R7, and R8, independently, is H, halo, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, thioalkyl, —NHR9, —N(R9)2, aryl, heteroaryl, or acyl;
each R9, independently, is H, alkyl, or haloalkyl;
each n, independently, is 0, 1, 2 or 3;
each m, independently, is 1, 2, or 3;
provided that at least one of R4 to R8 is fluoro or fluoroalkyl; and
further provided that when R4 or R5 is fluoro, the other is not alkyl or haloalkyl, and when R7 or R8 is fluoro, the other is not alkyl or haloalkyl.

US Pat. No. 10,770,660

HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUND, LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND LIGHTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light-emitting element comprising:a pair of electrodes;
electroluminescent layer between the pair of electrodes;
a light-emitting layer in the electroluminescent layer;
a first layer on the light-emitting layer; and
a second layer on the first layer,
wherein the light-emitting layer comprises a phosphorescent substance, and
wherein the first layer comprises a compound represented by a formula (G1):

wherein:
each of A1 and A2 independently represents one of nitrogen and carbon bonded to hydrogen;
at least one of A1 and A2 represents nitrogen;
Ar represents a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group having 6 to 18 carbon atoms;
B represents a substituted or unsubstituted 2-fluorenyl group; and
R1 represents one of an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and an aryl group having 6 to 13 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,770,658

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY UNIT

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. A method of manufacturing a light-emitting device comprising:forming a first organic material layer above a substrate, the first organic material layer providing light emission;
forming a first mask on and in direct contact with only a first portion of an intervening layer formed on the first organic material layer, and
removing the first organic material layer exclusive of the first portion, thereby forming a first organic layer,
wherein the intervening layer is one of an electron injection layer or an electron transport layer.

US Pat. No. 10,770,656

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHASE CHANGE MEMORY

International Business Ma...

1. A method for manufacturing a phase-change memory the method comprising:forming a crystalline phase-change layer at a first position within a recess of an insulation layer; and
forming an amorphous phase-change layer at second position which differs from the first position within the recess; and
forming a recess liner layer that bounds side and bottom portions of the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,770,651

PERPENDICULAR SPIN TRANSFER TORQUE MEMORY (PSTTM) DEVICES WITH ENHANCED PERPENDICULAR ANISOTROPY AND METHODS TO FORM SAME

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A material layer stack for a pSTTM device, the material layer stack comprising:a fixed magnetic layer; a tunnel barrier disposed above the fixed magnetic layer; and
a free layer disposed on the tunnel barrier, wherein the free layer comprises a stack of bilayers, wherein an uppermost bilayer is capped by a magnetic layer, wherein each of the bilayers comprises a non-magnetic layer disposed on a magnetic layer, wherein the magnetic layer in a first of the bilayers has a thickness that is greater than a thickness of the magnetic layer in a second of the bilayers.

US Pat. No. 10,770,649

LATTICE MATCHED TUNNEL BARRIERS FOR PERPENDICULARLY MAGNETIZED HEUSLER ALLOYS

International Business Ma...

1. A device comprising a first magnetic layer, a second magnetic layer, and a metal halide tunnel harrier between the first and second magnetic layers, wherein the metal halide tunnel barrier is lattice matched to within 5% of both the first and second magnetic layers, and wherein the first layer, the second layer, and the tunnel barrier are in proximity with each other so that spin-polarized current can pass from one of the magnetic layers to the other of the magnetic layers.

US Pat. No. 10,770,531

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING UNIT, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THEREOF AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An organic light emitting unit, comprising:a substrate;
a light shielding layer, located on the substrate,
a first electrode, located on a same layer as the light shielding layer and is made of a same material as the light shielding layer, the first electrode is an anode electrode,
wherein the light shielding layer and the anode electrode are spaced apart from each other, the light shielding layer and the anode electrode are in contact with the same layer, and the light shielding layer and the anode electrode are located on a same side of the same layer.

US Pat. No. 10,770,502

SEMICONDUCTOR IMAGE SENSOR DEVICE HAVING BACK SIDE ILLUMINATED IMAGE SENSORS WITH EMBEDDED COLOR FILTERS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A device comprising:a substrate having a first side and a second side that is opposite the first side;
an interconnect structure disposed over the first side of the substrate;
a first pixel disposed in the substrate;
an anti-reflective coating layer disposed over the second side of the substrate;
a buffer layer disposed on the anti-reflective coating layer;
a radiation-blocking structure disposed on the buffer layer, wherein the radiation-blocking structure includes a first portion and a second portion;
a passivation layer disposed on the radiation-blocking structure;
a dielectric isolation structure disposed within the substrate, wherein the passivation layer extends to the dielectric isolation structure disposed within the substrate;
a color filter disposed on the passivation layer; and
wherein the first pixel is disposed within the substrate between the first and second portions of the radiation-blocking structure.

US Pat. No. 10,770,434

STAIR-STACKED DICE DEVICE IN A SYSTEM IN PACKAGE, AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A stair-stepped memory module in a system in package comprising:a matrix including a landing surface;
a plurality of memory dice stacked in a stair-step relationship and seated in the matrix, the plurality of memory dice, including a memory first die and a memory subsequent die, the memory first die including an active surface and a backside surface and the memory subsequent die including an active surface and a backside surface, wherein the memory first die includes a vertical first bond wire that extends from the memory first die active surface and breaches the matrix landing surface, and the memory subsequent die includes a vertical subsequent bond wire that extends from the memory subsequent die active surface and breaches the matrix landing surface;
a processor first die disposed on the memory first die and at least partially seated in the matrix, the processor first die including an active surface and a backside surface, wherein a processor bump array is disposed on the processor first die active surface, and wherein the processor bump array extends at least partially away from the matrix landing surface;
a spacer disposed on the memory first die, and wherein the spacer is disposed between the processor first die and the memory first die vertical bond wire.

US Pat. No. 10,770,333

WAFER LEVEL FLAT NO-LEAD SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor package, the method comprising:providing a substrate, the substrate having a first side, a second side, and a thickness where the first side of the substrate comprises a pattern;
bonding a wafer comprising a plurality of semiconductor die to the first side of the substrate at one or more die pads comprised in each one of the plurality of semiconductor die;
one of overmolding or underfilling the first side of the substrate with one of an overmold material or an underfill material, respectively;
from the second side of the substrate, selectively removing one or more portions of the thickness of the substrate; and
singulating the plurality of semiconductor die and one of the overmold material or the underfill material to form a plurality of semiconductor packages.

US Pat. No. 10,770,332

WAFER LEVEL FLAT NO-LEAD SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor package, the method comprising:providing a first base frame;
coupling a wafer comprising a plurality of semiconductor die to the first base frame at one or more die pads comprised in each one of the plurality of semiconductor die;
singulating the plurality of semiconductor die;
coupling a second base frame to the plurality of semiconductor die; and
singulating the first and second base frames to form a plurality of semiconductor packages.

US Pat. No. 10,770,330

WAFER CONTACT SURFACE PROTRUSION PROFILE WITH IMPROVED PARTICLE PERFORMANCE

ENTEGRIS, INC., Billeric...

1. An electrostatic chuck comprising:an electrode in a ceramic base; and
a surface layer of the electrostatic chuck activated by a voltage in the electrode to form an electric charge that electrostatically clamps a substrate to the electrostatic chuck; wherein
the surface layer of the electrostatic chuck comprises a plurality of protrusions, the protrusions comprising a composition whose morphology is columnar or granular, and whose microstructure is crystalline or amorphous, the protrusions extending to an average height H above the surface layer surrounding the protrusions, the protrusions supporting the substrate upon the protrusions during electrostatic clamping of the substrate;
a cross section of the protrusions has a structure characterized by a non-arcuate plateau shaped top surface, an edge surface, and a side surface; wherein the non-arcuate plateau shaped top surface of the protrusions has a length L in microns that is characterized by a flatness parameter ? in microns, the top surface having a surface roughness Ra of 1 micron or less and a value of (?*100)/L that is less than ±0.01;
the edge surface of the protrusion is between the top surface and the side surface of the protrusion and has an edge surface profile that lies on or within a quadrant or portion thereof of an ellipse, the minor axis Y of the ellipse intersecting a portion of the top surface of the protrusion wherein the value of (?*100)/L is equal to or greater than ±0.01, and the minor axis apex of the ellipse lying along the top surface of the protrusion, the value of Y/2 is 0.5 microns or less;
the major axis X of the ellipse is substantially parallel to the top surface or surface layer of the protrusion and the value of X/2 is between 25 microns and 250 microns; and
the side surface of the protrusions connects the edge surface and the surface layer of the electrostatic chuck.

US Pat. No. 10,770,318

HIGH TEMPERATURE TUBULAR HEATERS

Watlow Electric Manufactu...

1. A heater assembly, comprising:a heating member comprising a resistive element and a dielectric material surrounding and electrically insulating the resistive element;
a mounting member that mounts the heating member to a wall of an external component; and
an insulator disposed between the heating member and the wall of the external component and electrically insulates the heating member from the wall and blocks a ground path from the heating member to the wall of the external component,
wherein the resistive element is electrically insulated by both the dielectric material and the insulator during normal operation of the heating member, and the resistive element remains electrically insulated by the insulator during a dielectric breakdown of the dielectric material due to the ground path from the resistive element to the wall of the external component being blocked by the insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,770,317

LEAK TOLERANT LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM EMPLOYING IMPROVED AIR PURGING MECHANISM

DELTA DESIGN, INC., Powa...

1. A cooling system for at least one thermal unit, the cooling system comprising:a tank assembly that includes:
a sump chamber,
a purge chamber that is located above the sump chamber, and
a reservoir chamber that is located above the purge chamber;
a cooling circuit that includes a pump, a heat exchanger, and conduits, the cooling circuit being configured to circulate a liquid coolant through the at least one thermal unit, the sump chamber, the pump, the heat exchanger, and the reservoir chamber;
a first valve located externally of the tank assembly and configured such that, when the first valve is open, (i) the liquid coolant is flowable from the purge chamber to the sump chamber via the first valve, and (ii) air is simultaneously flowable from the sump chamber to the purge chamber via the first valve; and
a second valve located externally of the tank assembly and configured such that, when the second valve is open, (i) the liquid coolant is flowable from the reservoir chamber to the purge chamber via the second valve, and (ii) air is simultaneously flowable from the purge chamber to the reservoir chamber via the second valve,
wherein the sump chamber and the purge chamber are separated by a first wall, and the sump chamber is at no point during operation of the system in fluid communication with the purge chamber via any portion of the first wall.

US Pat. No. 10,770,309

FEATURES FOR IMPROVING PROCESS UNIFORMITY IN A MILLISECOND ANNEAL SYSTEM

MATTSON TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. A process for thermally treating a substrate in a thermal processing system, comprising:obtaining data indicative of a temperature profile associated with one or more substrates during processing in a thermal processing system, the thermal processing system having a wafer plane plate dividing the processing chamber into a top chamber and a bottom chamber; and
adjusting a pressure in the processing chamber to affect a temperature uniformity across one or more substrates based at least in part on the data indicative of the temperature profile;
wherein adjusting a pressure in the process chamber comprises warping a water window based on the pressure in the processing chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,770,307

BUFFER LAYER TO PREVENT ETCHING BY PHOTORESIST DEVELOPER

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method of fabricating a quantum circuit device, the method comprising:providing a device having a first layer and a second layer in contact with a surface of the first layer, wherein the second layer comprises a first superconductor material that exhibits superconducting properties at or below a corresponding superconducting critical temperature;
forming a buffer material on a surface of the second layer to form an etch buffer layer, wherein an etch rate selectivity of the buffer material relative to the second layer upon exposure to a photoresist developer is such that the underlying second layer is not etched during exposure of the buffer layer to the photoresist developer;
depositing and removing a selected portion of a resist layer to uncover a first portion of the etch buffer layer, wherein removing the selected portion of the resist layer comprises applying the photoresist developer to the selected portion of the resist layer;
removing the uncovered first portion of the etch buffer layer to uncover a first portion of the second layer; and
forming a dielectric material or a second superconductor material, which exhibits superconducting properties at or below a corresponding superconducting temperature, on the uncovered first portion of the second layer, wherein the second layer and the dielectric material or the second layer and the second superconductor material form part of the quantum circuit device, and wherein the quantum circuit device comprises a parallel plate capacitor or a microstrip resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,770,303

MECHANISMS FOR FORMING PATTERNS USING MULTIPLE LITHOGRAPHY PROCESSES

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A method for forming patterns in a semiconductor device, comprising:forming a main pattern in a patterning-target layer over a substrate;
forming a middle layer over the patterning-target layer and a hard mask layer over the middle layer;
patterning the hard mask layer to form a first cut pattern;
forming a second cut pattern in a first resist layer formed over the hard mask layer;
patterning the middle layer through an opening corresponding to a first intersection portion to expose a portion of the patterning-target layer, the exposed portion of the patterning-target layer corresponding to a second intersection portion;
forming a fill layer to fill the opening;
etching the middle layer using the fill layer and the hard mask layer as etching masks to expose one or more portions of the patterning-target layer; and
etching the one or more exposed portions of the patterning-target layer using the fill layer and the hard mask layer as etching masks to form a final pattern in the patterning-target layer,
wherein the first intersection portion corresponds to an intersection between the first cut pattern and the second cut pattern, and
wherein the second intersection portion corresponds to an intersection between the first intersection portion and the main pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,770,301

PLANARIZATION PROCESSING DEVICE

TOHO ENGINEERING CO., LTD...

1. A planarization processing system comprising:a first planarization processing unit that includes:
a first holding means that holds one of a workpiece and a catalyst body having a catalyst layer at least on a surface thereof, and
a second holding means that holds the other of the workpiece and the catalyst body and brings the surface thereof into contact with or proximal to a surface of the one of the workpiece and the catalyst body;
a first guide, along which the second holding means is movable in a direction parallel to the other surface of the workpiece or the catalyst body at least by an amount that makes possible planarization based on a catalytic reaction;
a primary driver that moves the second holding means along the first guide to planarize the workpiece; and
a counterweight operably connected to the primary driver and movable by the primary driver in a manner that counteracts reaction forces produced by the movement of the second holding means in such a way that vibrations caused by the movement of the second holding means are attenuated.

US Pat. No. 10,770,256

FLAT EMITTER

SIEMENS HEALTHCARE GMBH, ...

1. A flat emitter, comprising:an emitter surface, to emit electrons upon a filament voltage being applied;
a first end region, including at least one first connection leg; and
a second end region, including at least one second connection leg, at least one of the at least one first connection leg and the at least one second connection leg being embodied as a band-type connection leg and being torsioned at a definable torsion angle in a longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,770,252

MAGNETIC SYSTEM OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RELAY

Tyco Electronics (Shenzhe...

1. A magnetic system of an electromagnetic relay, comprising:a coil;
an iron core extending in a longitudinal direction through the coil and having a first end and a second end opposite to the first end;
a yoke having a first part and a second part connected to the first part, the second part of the yoke connected to the first end of the iron core and the first part of the yoke extending in the longitudinal direction of the iron core and separated from the coil, the first part of the yoke including an end portion bending away from a main body portion of the first part of the yoke such that an inner side facing the iron core and an outer side facing away from the iron core of the end portion are disposed at a distance further from the iron core in a direction transverse to the longitudinal direction of the iron core than an inner side facing the iron core and an outer side facing away from the iron core of the main body portion of the first part of the yoke; and
an armature disposed at the second end of the iron core and having a main body and a bending portion bent from the main body by a predetermined angle, the main body facing an end surface of the second end of the iron core, the bending portion disposed at the inner side of the end portion of the first part of the yoke and facing the iron core, the bending portion including a positioning step disposed on an outer side thereof opposite the iron core, wherein an inner side edge of an end surface of the end portion of the first part of the yoke is disposed in the positioning step, the inner side edge serving as a pivot fulcrum for the armature.

US Pat. No. 10,770,240

HYBRID CAPACITOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A CAPACITOR

KEMET Electronics Corpora...

1. A capacitor comprising:a working element comprising:
an anode comprising a first dielectric and an anode conductive polymer layer on said first dielectric;
a cathode; and
a separator between said anode conductive polymer layer and said cathode wherein said separator comprises a separator conductive polymer layer wherein at least one of said anode conductive polymer layer or said separator conductive polymer layer is crosslinked; and
a liquid electrolyte.

US Pat. No. 10,770,237

MULTILAYER ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A multilayer electronic component comprising:a laminate having a plurality of multilayer capacitors disposed to be adjacent to each other, each of the plurality of multilayer capacitors including a body including dielectric layers and first and second internal electrodes alternately exposed through two end surfaces of the body facing each other in a length direction with each of the dielectric layers interposed therebetween in a thickness direction, and first and second external electrodes disposed on the two end surfaces of the body in the length direction, respectively; and
first and second terminals disposed on the laminate to cover a plurality of first and second external electrodes, respectively,
wherein the first and second terminals respectively include first and second connection portions disposed on two end surfaces of the laminate in the length direction, and first and second band portions extending from circumferential edges of the first and second connection portions to cover at least a portion of top and bottom surfaces of the laminate in the thickness direction,
wherein circumferential edges of the first and second external electrodes are arranged within circumferential edges of the two end surfaces of the body in the thickness direction, respectively, and
wherein a surface of a multilayer capacitor of the plurality of multilayer capacitors directly contacts a surface of an adjacent multilayer capacitor of the plurality of multilayer capacitors.

US Pat. No. 10,770,234

MULTILAYER CAPACITOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A multilayer capacitor comprising:a body, including a plurality of first and second internal electrodes alternately stacked with dielectric layers interposed therebetween, and having first and second surfaces opposing each other, third and fourth surfaces opposing each other and connected to the first and second surfaces, and fifth and sixth surfaces opposing each other, connected to the first and second surfaces, and connected to the third and fourth surfaces, the body including a plurality of first and second reduced-thickness portions respectively defined by the third and fourth surfaces and end portions of the first and second internal electrodes between adjacent dielectric layers, wherein the end portions of the first and second internal electrodes are exposed from the body through the first and second reduced-thickness portions, respectively;
intermetallic compounds disposed in the first and second reduced-thickness portions and connected to the end portions of the first and second internal electrodes, respectively; and
first and second external electrodes on the third and fourth surfaces of the body, respectively,
wherein the first and second external electrodes include:
conductive resin layers on the third and fourth surfaces of the body, respectively, and including a plurality of metal particles, conductive connecting portions surrounding the plurality of metal particles and in contact with the intermetallic compounds, and base resin; and
first electrode layers on the respective conductive resin layers and in contact with the conductive connecting portions, and
the first electrode layers are copper plating layers.

US Pat. No. 10,770,214

SPIN-ORBIT-TORQUE MAGNETIZATION ROTATIONAL ELEMENT, SPIN-ORBIT-TORQUE MAGNETORESISTANCE EFFECT ELEMENT, AND MAGNETIC MEMORY

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A spin-orbit-torque magnetization rotational element comprising:a spin-orbit-torque wiring extending in a first direction;
a first ferromagnetic layer laminated on one surface of the spin-orbit-torque wiring in a second direction that crosses the first direction; and
a first electrode and a second electrode connected to the spin-orbit-torque wiring at positions sandwiching the first ferromagnetic layer in a plan view in the second direction, wherein:
at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode includes a switching layer configured to shift between a high resistance state and a low resistance state with a predetermined threshold voltage as a boundary to allow an electric current to flow bidirectionally;
the switching layer is arranged to cross the second direction;
relationships of (i) and (ii) are satisfied:
Vr/Ic RSOT+2RON Rr being a resistance value of the spin-orbit-torque wiring between the first electrode or the second electrode energized in reading and the first ferromagnetic layer,
Ron being a resistance value of the switching layer of the first electrode or the second electrode energized in reading in the low resistance state,
RSOT being a resistance value of the spin-orbit-torque wiring,
Vw being a voltage applied between the first electrode energized in writing and the second electrode in writing,
Vr being a voltage applied between the first electrode or the second electrode energized in reading; and the first ferromagnetic layer in reading, and
Ic being a critical threshold current required for a magnetization to be rotated in the first ferromagnetic layer; and
the switching layer is an alloy containing a chalcogen element and an additional element selected from the group consisting of aluminum, magnesium, boron, yttrium and rare earth element.

US Pat. No. 10,770,211

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNET SYSTEM WITH COOLING ASSEMBLY

GE Precision Healthcare L...

1. A superconducting magnet system, comprising:a coil former comprising a first surface;
a plurality of superconducting coils supported by the coil former; and
one or more cooling assemblies in thermal contact with the coil former, each cooling assembly of the one or more cooling assemblies comprising:
a housing defining an aperture extending therethrough;
one or more-cooling-tubes located within the housing for receiving a cryogen passed therethrough; and
a second surface attached on the first surface of the coil former; and
a fastener removably received within the aperture in the housing and extending through the first surface of the coil former to detachably mount the cooling assembly on the coil former, the cooling assembly forming at least one cooling circuit therein.

US Pat. No. 10,770,208

PERMANENT MAGNET, MOTOR, AND GENERATOR

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A permanent magnet, comprising:a composition expressed by a composition formula:
RpFeqMrCutCo100-p-q-r-t
where R is at least one element selected from the group consisting of rare earth elements, M is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Zr, Ti, and Hf, p is a number satisfying 10.5?p?12.5 atomic %, q is a number satisfying 26?q?29.4 atomic %, r is a number satisfying 0.88?r?4.5 atomic %, and t is a number satisfying 5.23?t?10.7 atomic %, and a total of p, q and r is 41.02 atomic % or less; and
a metallic structure including cell phases having a Th2Zn17 crystal phase and Cu-rich phases having higher Cu concentration than the cell phases,
an average diameter of the cell phases being 220 nm or less,
the cell phases having diameter of a numeric value range from a minimum diameter to a maximum diameter, a ratio of a number of cell phases having diameters in a numeric value range of upper 20% from the maximum diameter being 20% or less of all the cell phases,
a squareness ratio of the magnet being 93.5% or more and 94.5% or less, and
a residual magnetization of the magnet being 1.185 T or more and 1.215 T or less.

US Pat. No. 10,770,204

ELECTRICAL DEVICE WITH SOLDERED JOINT

TDK Electronics AG, Muni...

1. An electrical device comprising:at least one soldered joint comprising a first wire soldered at one end to the device,
wherein the first wire bears with a bearing surface on the device,
wherein the first wire has at least one bend in a region of the bearing surface of the first wire on the device, and
wherein the bearing surface of the first wire has a rounded end in plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,770,202

STRIPED CABLE AND PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING SAME

Southwire Company, LLC, ...

1. An electrical cable comprising:a conductor core comprising a conductor;
an inner layer around the conductor core, the inner layer comprising an inner layer polymer;
an outer layer around the inner layer, the outer layer comprising an outer layer polymer, an outer layer colorant, and an outer layer friction reducing additive, wherein the outer layer friction reducing additive comprises a first friction reducing additive; and
a stripe disposed in an outermost portion of the outer layer disrupting concentricity of the outer layer, the stripe comprising a stripe polymer, a stripe colorant, and a stripe friction reducing additive, wherein the stripe friction reducing additive comprises a second friction reducing additive, wherein at least a portion of the stripe friction reducing additive is present throughout the stripe, the outer layer and the stripe forming a continuous outer contour for the electrical cable, wherein the outer layer friction reducing additive is present throughout a thickness of the outer layer wherein the inner layer, the outer layer, and the stripe comprise a multi-layer flow attached to the conductor core, and wherein a distance between an outside surface of the stripe and a center of the conductor core is equal to a distance between an outside surface of the outer layer and the center of the conductor core, and
wherein the outer layer polymer is a polyamide; and
wherein the stripe polymer is different than the outer layer polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,770,199

CONCENTRIC WIRELINE CABLE

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method of manufacturing a concentric wireline cable, comprising:providing an insulated core conductor;
helically wrapping a first conductive strip around the insulated core conductor to form a first conductor;
helically wrapping an insulative strip around the first conductor to form a first electrically insulative layer, the first insulative strip comprising a magnetically permeable material.

US Pat. No. 10,770,188

NUCLEAR REACTOR FUEL ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

1. A nuclear reactor fuel assembly, comprising:a top nozzle and a bottom nozzle connected to one another with the aid of a jacket;
a bundle of rod-type fuel elements arranged in the jacket with the aid of a grid and spacing elements, wherein the fuel elements comprise peripheral fuel elements in a peripheral row, and internal fuel elements,
the spacing elements are spiral shaped and wrapped around cladding of each fuel element and fixed at ends of the fuel elements,
wherein the spacing elements comprise peripheral spacing elements and internal spacing elements,
wherein at least the peripheral fuel elements in the bundle are provided with the peripheral spacing elements formed as tubes with longitudinal through slots,
wherein the peripheral spacing elements have a substantially oval cross section in regions where the peripheral spacing elements are in contact with the jacket.

US Pat. No. 10,770,186

CYCLIC NUCLEAR FUSION WITH SINGLE-CYCLE, CHARGED CATHODE

Adam S. Goldberg, Redwoo...

1. A method of producing a nuclear fusion reaction, comprising:starting and completing a single cycle of a nuclear fusion reaction, the single cycle including
evacuating a reaction chamber to a pressure that is lower than about 10?3 torr;
inducing a pulse of (i) a first reactant into the evacuated reaction chamber through a first reactant port and a pulse of (ii) a second reactant into the evacuated reaction chamber through a second reactant port, wherein the first reactant and the second reactant are independently selected as comprising deuterium or tritium;
converging the first reactant with the second reactant at a target cathode for colliding and fusing the first reactant with the second reactant to create a heat energy, the converging creating a higher reaction density at the target cathode rather than relying on random collisions, and including
creating an electrical field in the reaction chamber by applying a voltage that is selected from the group consisting of about 10 kV, about 11 kV, about 12 kV, about 13 kV, about 14 kV, about 15 kV, about 20 kV, about 25 kV, about 30 kV, about 35 kV, about 40 kV, about 45 kV, about 50 kV, about 60 kV, about 70 kV, about 80 kV, about 90 kV, about 100 kV, about 200 kV, about 300 kV, about 400 kV, about 500 kV, about 600 kV, about 700 kV, about 800 kV, about 900 kV, about 1 MV, about 2 MV, about 3 MV, about 4 MV, about 5 MV, about 10 MV, or any voltage therein, or range of voltages therein, in increments of 1 kV across an anode surface positioned in the interior of the reaction chamber and a surface of the target cathode positioned in the interior of the reaction chamber, the surface area of the target cathode ranging from about from about 1.00×10?10 m2 to about 1.00×10?6 m2, the electric field ionizing the first reactant to generate a cationic first reactant and ionizing the second reactant to generate a cationic second reactant; and,
establishing a negative charge on the target cathode for attracting and converging the cationic first reactant and the cationic second reactant at the target cathode for colliding and fusing the cationic first reactant with the cationic second reactant to create the heat energy.