US Pat. No. 10,890,474

FLUID MONITORING MODULE ARRANGEMENTS

SWAGELOK COMPANY, Solon,...

1. A fluid monitoring module comprising:a flow sensing device including:
a body including an inlet port, an outlet port, an upstream sensor port, a downstream sensor port, and a flow restricting passage disposed between the inlet port and the outlet port, and between the upstream sensor port and the downstream sensor port;
a first fluid sensor assembled with the upstream sensor port; and
a second fluid sensor assembled with the downstream sensor port;
an enclosure; and
a controller disposed within the enclosure and in circuit communication with the first and second fluid sensors for receiving at least one of pressure indicating signals and temperature indicating signals from each of the first and second fluid sensors, and for measuring fluid data based on the received signals;
wherein the flow sensing device body includes a first body member defining the inlet port and the upstream sensor port, a second body member defining the outlet port and the downstream sensor port, and a flow restricting element defining the flow restricting passage and including a first end connection coupled to a first connecting port of the first body member and a second end connection coupled to a second connecting port of the second body member.

US Pat. No. 10,890,473

OFF-RESONANCE CYCLING FOR CORIOLIS FLOWMETERS

Micro Motion, Inc., Boul...

1. A method, comprising:exciting a vibration mode of a flow tube, wherein exciting the vibration mode of the flow tube comprises the steps of:
periodically driving a first driver;
periodically driving a second driver, wherein the first and second drivers are amplitude modulated out of phase from each other, and wherein a drive command provided to the first and second drivers comprises a sum of N+1 independent signals for each of the first and second drivers, and where N?0;
measuring the phase between a first pickoff and a second pickoff;
exciting the first and second drivers with a plurality of off-resonance frequencies;
inferring the effective phase between a modal response and the first driver and second driver at each of the plurality of off-resonance frequencies;
generating a left eigenvector phase estimate at each of the off-resonance frequencies;
determining a phase of a right eigenvector for the flow tube; and
estimating a phase of a left eigenvector at a resonant drive frequency based on the phase estimates at the off-resonance frequencies;
continually measuring the left and right eigenvector phases; and
directly generating a ?t value from the difference between the left eigenvector phase and the right eigenvector phase.

US Pat. No. 10,890,472

LOW POWER OPERATIONAL METHODOLOGY FOR A FLOW SENSOR

Honeywell International I...

1. A method of sensing a flow, the method comprising:performing a measurement cycle for a first period of time, wherein performing the measurement cycle comprises:
supplying an elevated current that is above a heating current threshold to a flow sensor, wherein the flow sensor comprises control circuitry, at least one upstream resistive element, and at least one downstream resistive element arranged in a bridge;
resistively heating the at least one upstream resistive element and the at least one downstream resistive element to a temperature above an ambient temperature in response to supplying the elevated current to the flow sensor;
reducing the elevated current to the flow sensor to below the heating current threshold and detecting an imbalance in the bridge resulting from a temperature difference between the at least one upstream resistive element and the at least one downstream resistive element as a result of the flow of a fluid past the flow sensor, wherein the imbalance is related to a sensed rate of the fluid flow past the flow sensor;
powering down the at least one upstream resistive element and the at least one downstream resistive element for a second period of time before performing a subsequent measurement cycle; and
adjusting a duration of the subsequent measurement cycle based on the sensed rate of the fluid flow past the flow sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,890,471

METHOD AND ASSEMBLY FOR ULTRASONIC CLAMP-ON FLOW MEASUREMENT, AND BODIES FOR IMPLEMENTING OFF-CENTER FLOW MEASUREMENT

FLEXIM FLEXIBLE INDUSTRIE...

1. A method for ultrasonic clamp-on transceiving, comprising a process pipe through which a liquid or gaseous process medium flows and clamp-on ultrasonic transducers, the method comprising:injecting ultrasonic waves into the process pipe and into the process medium via at least one initial clamp-on ultrasonic transducer operating in a transmit mode;
dispersing the ultrasonic waves off-center of an axis of the process pipe within the process pipe via at least one first body, which is disposed on an inner wall of the process pipe and enables measurement of off-center sound paths created by generating the dispersion;
preventing a total reflection of the dispersed ultrasonic waves when the dispersed ultrasonic waves cross a boundary from the process medium to the process pipe via at least one second body, which is disposed on the inner wall of the process pipe and enables the measurement of off-center sound paths so that the dispersed ultrasonic waves may leave the process pipe via the at least one second body;
receiving undisturbed ultrasonic waves of the center sound paths via at least one first clamp-on ultrasonic transducer operating in a receive mode; and
receiving dispersed ultrasonic waves of the off-center sound paths via at least one second clamp-on ultrasonic transducer operating in the receive mode.

US Pat. No. 10,890,470

ULTRASONIC FLUID METER AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE FLOW RATE AND/OR VOLUME OF A FLOWING MEDIUM

Diehl Metering GmbH, Ans...

1. An ultrasonic fluid meter for determining at least one of a flow rate or a volume of a flowing medium, the ultrasonic fluid meter comprising:a connection housing for installation of the ultrasonic fluid meter inside a fluid line system, said connection housing having an inlet, an outlet and a flow cross section with a projection plane;
a first ultrasound measurement path including a first and a second ultrasound transducer;
a second ultrasound measurement path including a first and a second ultrasound transducer;
said first and second ultrasound measurement paths extending at an angle relative to one another inside said connection housing and intersecting one another in a common region in the projection plane of the flow cross section;
said housing having a mid-axis, and said first ultrasound measurement path and said second ultrasound measurement path extending obliquely relative to said mid-axis;
said first and second ultrasound measurement paths defining a center-weighted measurement within said connection housing; and
an ultrasonic module configured for:
determining time-of-flight differences of ultrasound signals in said first ultrasound measurement path and said second ultrasound measurement path,
forming an average value by using the time-of-flight differences of said first ultrasound measurement path and said second ultrasound measurement path; and
using the average value for determining at least one of the flow rate or the volume of the flowing medium.

US Pat. No. 10,890,469

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING, RECOMMENDING, AND APPLYING A CALIBRATION PARAMETER FOR ACTIVITY MEASUREMENT

Under Armour, Inc., Balt...

1. A method of determining a recommended calibration parameter for measurement of a user's activity, said method comprising:collecting a first plurality of data relating to a user's activity from at least one sensor disposed in a shoe worn by the user during said user's activity;
generating a default calibration parameter for said user based on user profile data;
generating first activity data by applying said default calibration parameter to said first plurality of data;
displaying said first activity data via a display apparatus;
collecting a second plurality of data relating to said user's activity from at least one sensor disposed in a mobile device worn or carried by the user during the user's activity;
utilizing said second plurality of data to calculate a recommended calibration parameter for measurement of said user's activity;
displaying on an interactive display an identifier relating to said recommended calibration parameter;
enabling said user to select a current calibration parameter from said display; and
displaying second activity data using said user-selected current calibration parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,890,468

LIGHT RING ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

1. A light ring assembly, comprising:a circuit board having a plurality of light sources;
a light ring being a flat ring-shaped component made of an optical material and facing the plurality of light sources and having a bottom side with an optical input surface, a top side with an optical output surface, an inner periphery, an outer periphery, and a plurality of optical elements; and
a lens made of an optical material facing the top side of the light ring, wherein the light ring assembly is arranged so that light from the plurality of light sources enters the light ring at the optical input surface of the bottom side, is reflected and mixed within the light ring by the plurality of optical elements, and exits the light ring at the optical output surface of the top side so that it is directed towards the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,890,467

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SENSING THROUGH A WINDOW

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A system comprising:a gimbal yoke configured to rotate about an azimuth rotation axis;
a gimbal swing arm rotationally coupled to the gimbal yoke and configured to rotate about an elevation rotation axis, the elevation rotation axis oriented perpendicular to the azimuth rotation axis;
an elevation tilt platform rotationally coupled to the gimbal swing arm and configured to rotate about a tilt rotation axis, the tilt rotation axis oriented parallel to the elevation rotation axis;
a first sensor disposed on the elevation tilt platform, the first sensor defining a line of sight; and
an additional gimbal swing arm rotationally coupled to the gimbal yoke and configured to rotate about the elevation rotation axis.

US Pat. No. 10,890,466

ANGULAR SENSOR WITH ANNULAR WAVEGUIDE AS MATERIAL MEASURE

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. An angular sensor, comprising:a base body;
a rotating element mounted in the base body for rotation about an axis of rotation, said rotating element comprising a first termination element having a reflective side;
a first waveguide which circulates in an annular manner about the axis of rotation and in which the first termination element of the rotating element protrudes;
a first transceiving antenna fixed to the base body;
a first excitation circuit generating a first excitation signal;
an evaluating circuit; and
a first divider circuit dividing the first excitation signal into a first base signal supplied to the evaluation circuit and into a first outgoing signal which is supplied to the first transceiving antenna to emit into the first waveguide in response to the first outgoing signal a first electromagnetic wave which propagates in the first waveguide in two directions, with the first electromagnetic wave being reflected from the reflective side of the first termination element in the first waveguide and returned to and received by the first transceiving antenna which generates in response to the received first electromagnetic wave a first receiving signal for supply to the evaluation circuit, said evaluation circuit determining a first position of rotation of the rotating element in relation to a reference position of rotation by evaluating the first base signal and the first receiving signal in a first resolution region.

US Pat. No. 10,890,465

DUAL COMPOSITE LIGHT FIELD DEVICE

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. An apparatus comprising:a processor;
a wearable head device including a transmissive display comprising:
a first waveguide having:
a planar input face; and
a planar output face disposed opposite the planar input face, the output face having an exit location;
a first diffractive optical element (DOE) formed across the first waveguide, the first DOE configured to couple first light into the first waveguide and direct the first light via total internal reflection to the exit location; and
a light sensor configured to generate an output signal corresponding to light at the exit location,wherein:the processor is configured to adjust an angle and a position of the light sensor with respect to the exit location, and
the processor is further configured to execute a rendering engine to generate an output corresponding to the first light, and
whererin the output of the rendering engine comprises a representation of a plurality of polar coordinate pixels in polar form.

US Pat. No. 10,890,464

ROTATION DETECTING DEVICE AND CORRECTION METHOD THEREFOR

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A rotation detecting device configured to detect rotation of an object, the rotation detecting device comprising:a first magnetic detection element that outputs a first signal;
a second magnetic detection element that outputs a second signal; and
a detection circuit to which the first signal and the second signal are input,
wherein the detection circuit includes an automatic correction circuit that performs generating and updating a correction value for correcting the first signal and the second signal, and
wherein the automatic correction circuit is configured to stop generating or updating the correction value when a rotation direction of the object is changed to a reverse rotation direction from a normal rotation direction or when the rotation direction of the object is changed to the normal rotation direction from the reverse rotation direction.

US Pat. No. 10,890,463

TAKEOFF PITCH GUIDANCE SYSTEM AND METHOD

AIRBUS CANADA LIMITED PAR...

1. A method for providing takeoff pitch guidance for an aircraft, the method comprising:providing takeoff pitch guidance for the aircraft in a pitch target mode at a time of takeoff, the pitch target mode corresponding to determining a target pitch as a function of aircraft operating parameters;
detecting a transition event while in the pitch target mode, wherein the transition event corresponds to when a weight-off-wheels condition of the aircraft is met,
transitioning the takeoff pitch guidance for the aircraft from the pitch target mode to an airspeed error mode after the transition event is detected and after a time delay that starts when the weight-off-wheels condition is met, the airspeed error mode corresponding to determining the target pitch based on a difference between an actual speed and a target speed of the aircraft; and
providing the takeoff pitch guidance in the airspeed error mode,
wherein the method further comprises providing a minimum pitch limit and a maximum pitch limit when in the airspeed error mode.

US Pat. No. 10,890,462

TRAFFIC NOTIFICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

PRINCESS SUMAYA UNIVERSIT...

1. A method for notifying a user about a traffic condition, comprising:sensing by one or more sensors a presence of one or more road markings deployed over a road surface as such sensors pass over the one or more road markings, wherein the sensing results in sensor readings;
receiving the sensor readings by a processing unit in operable communication with the one or more sensors;
converting, by the processing unit, the sensor readings into a code, wherein the converting of the sensor readings comprises:
determining a variability in the sensor readings provided by the one or more sensors;
determining a moving variance in the sensor readings provided by the one or more sensors;
identifying peaks in the sensor readings;
determining a time lapse between shortest peaks; and
determining if a peak exists;
identifying a message corresponding to the generated code by searching a lookup table stored in a memory device, wherein the lookup table contains a plurality of codes and corresponding messages; and
outputting the identified message.

US Pat. No. 10,890,461

MAP ENRICHED BY DATA OTHER THAN METADATA

International Business Ma...

1. A method for enriching map functions of a digital geographical map, the method comprising:storing additional data in a storage unit of a broker system outside a map service provider system that stores map data of the digital geographical map and direct related map metadata, wherein neither the broker system nor the map service provider system can access the additional data in an unencrypted form;
correlating elements of the additional data to coordinates of the geographical map; and
providing access to the additional data in the unencrypted form via an authentication service while the digital geographical map is navigated.

US Pat. No. 10,890,460

NAVIGATION AND LOCATION VALIDATION FOR OPTIMIZING VEHICLE-BASED TRANSIT SYSTEMS

International Business Ma...

1. A method of navigating to a pre-scheduled vehicle comprising:analyzing, via a processor, a scannable code for a user including location information pertaining to the pre-scheduled vehicle, wherein the location information indicates a destination for the user;
determining a location of the user via a GPS sensor;
directing the user, via a processor, to traverse a route between the user and a location of the pre-scheduled vehicle; and
verifying that a destination of the pre-scheduled vehicle is consistent with the destination for the user indicated by the location information of the scannable code, wherein verifying the destination further comprises:
determining, based on locations of mobile devices of other users, a plurality of groups of the other users in the vicinity of the user, wherein a radius of a respective group is proportional to a time to boarding;
determining a score for each group indicating a confidence that the user belongs to that group;
verifying the destination of the pre-scheduled vehicle based on a cluster of other users that are to board the pre-scheduled vehicle; and indicating, based on a combination of the scores, a distance of the user from the other users having a same destination as the user, wherein the combination determines which group the user belongs to and the distance is determined by the radius of the group to which the user belongs.

US Pat. No. 10,890,459

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR VARIABLE ENERGY ROUTING AND TRACKING

John Matsumura, Pittsbur...

1. A system for generating navigation routes, the system comprising:a processor;
a memory coupled to the processor, the memory storing instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
receive an origin position, in a road network;
receive a destination position, in the road network;
receive one or more user preferences from a user interface device, where each user preference is a tradeoff value set to one of a plurality of tradeoff values representing different compromises between time efficiency and energy-efficiency;
compute a travel time value for each of a plurality of road segments of the road network using a time consumption model;
compute an energy consumption for each of the plurality of road segments of the road network using an energy consumption model;
identify one or more weighted routes from the origin position to the destination position based on the travel time value and the energy consumption for the road segments and based on the user preference resulting in a compromise between a fastest route and a most energy efficient route in accordance with the one or more user preferences; and
display the identified one or more weighted routes on the user interface device.

US Pat. No. 10,890,458

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ATTRIBUTING DEVIATION FROM PREDICTED TRAVEL DISTANCE OR TIME FOR ARRANGED TRANSPORT SERVICES

UBER TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

14. A method for arranging transport, the method being performed by one or more processors and comprising:determining an expected distance of travel and an expected duration of travel for an expected service request of a user, the expected service request including a set of service parameters that include a service start location and a service completion location;
prior to receiving a service request from the user, determining an upfront price for the expected service request based at least in part on the expected distance and the expected duration of travel;
communicating the upfront price to the user;
receiving the service request corresponding to the expected service request, the service request specifying the set of service parameters;
receiving monitoring data, the monitoring data including provider location data from a location-aware resource of a computing device of a service provider fulfilling the service request;
determining, from the monitoring data, a traveled distance and an expended duration for the service request;
after completion of the service request, detecting a deviation from the expected distance of travel or the expected duration of travel based on at least one of (i) a first comparison between the traveled distance to the expected distance of travel, or (ii) a second comparison between the expended duration and the expected duration of travel;
determining that the deviation exceeds an acceptable predetermined threshold value;
determining an adjustment value to the upfront price based at least in part on the deviation;
applying a set of rules to the set of service parameters and the monitoring data to attribute a primary cause of the deviation to one of the service provider, the user, or an incidental cause; and
determining an account allocation for the adjustment value between accounts associated with the service provider and the user based on the attribution of the primary cause of the deviation.

US Pat. No. 10,890,457

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REPOSITIONING A SERVICE LOCATION

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A network computing system comprising:a memory that stores a set of instructions;
one or more processors that execute the set of instructions to:
receive a service request associated with a first service location;
while a selected service provider for fulfilling the service request is traveling towards the first service location, detect, on a user device, a user action to associate the service request with another service location in place of the first service location, the other service location being different than the first service location;
for each alternative service location of multiple alternative service locations, (i) predict a change to one or more service parameters in connection with the service request being fulfilled using the alternative service location rather than the first service location, and (ii)
determine whether the alternative service location satisfies a predetermined permissibility criterion for permitting the service request to be associated with the alternative service location in place of the first service location, based at least in part on the predicted change to the one or more service parameters;
identify, from the multiple alternative service locations, a set of alternative service locations that each satisfy the predetermined permissibility criterion;
transmit, to the user device, a first instruction to cause the user device to restrict an input that associates the service request to the set of alternative service locations; and
in response to receiving an input to associate the service request to a first alternative service location of the set of alternative service locations, transmit a second instruction to cause a device to associate the service request with the first alternative service location in place of the first service location.

US Pat. No. 10,890,456

VEHICLE AND METHOD OF PROVIDING ROUTE GUIDANCE USING PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method of providing route guidance, the method comprising steps of: acquiring, by a sensor an audio video navigation (AVN) system, traveling environment information including at least a target time of arrival at a destination in a vehicle; determining, by a controller, whether the target time of arrival is satisfiable by the vehicle; determining, by the controller, whether the target time of arrival is satisfiable by a public transport connection upon determining that the target time of arrival is not satisfiable by the vehicle; and selecting, by the controller, a parking lot according to a criterion upon determining that the target time of arrival is satisfiable by the public transport connection, wherein the step of determining whether the target time of arrival is satisfiable by the vehicle is performed at predetermined periods.

US Pat. No. 10,890,455

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING HAUL TRUCK ARRIVAL

Caterpillar Paving Produc...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, with a controller, information associated with a first haul truck configured to traverse a travel path extending from a paving material plant to a worksite, the information including a haul truck identifier unique to the first haul truck;
identifying, with the controller, the first haul truck as having a location sensor that is one of not disposed on the first haul truck and faulty;
determining, with the controller, whether a second haul truck traversed the travel path ahead of the first haul truck; and
based at least in part on determining whether the second haul truck traversed the travel path ahead of the first haul truck, determining, with the controller, an arrival time at which the first haul truck is expected to arrive at the worksite, wherein the arrival time is determined based at least in part on
an estimated travel time associated with the first haul truck traversing the travel path, or
a recorded travel time associated with the second haul truck traversing the travel path ahead of the first haul truck.

US Pat. No. 10,890,454

INTEGRATING ONLINE NAVIGATION DATA WITH CACHED NAVIGATION DATA DURING ACTIVE NAVIGATION

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

10. A method for integrating online navigation directions with offline navigation directions, the method comprising:generating, by one or more processors in a computing device, offline navigation directions from a first location to a second location using offline map data;
displaying, by the one or more processors, an offline route based on the offline navigation directions via a user interface;
displaying, by the one or more processors, an offline indicator via the user interface, wherein the offline indicator includes a graphical indication that the navigation directions were generated offline;
subsequent to generating the offline navigation directions while the computing device travels along the offline route and in response to connecting to a communication network, receiving, at the one or more processors, online navigation directions from a navigation server via the communication network; and
providing, by the one or more processors, the online navigation directions via the user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,890,453

VEHICLE LOCALIZATION DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle localization device comprising:a target database that stores position information on a first target on a map and position information on a second target on the map;
a target recognition unit configured to recognize, based on a detection result of an in-vehicle sensor of the vehicle, a relative position of the first target relative to a vehicle and a relative position of the second target relative to the vehicle;
a lateral position estimation unit configured to estimate a lateral position of the vehicle and a direction of the vehicle based on the relative position of the first target relative to the vehicle and the position information on the first target on the map, the lateral position of the vehicle being a position of the vehicle on the map in a width direction of a traveling lane on which the vehicle travels; and
a longitudinal position estimation unit configured to estimate a longitudinal position of the vehicle based on the relative position of the second target relative to the vehicle and the position information on the second target on the map, the relative position of the second target relative to the vehicle reflecting the lateral position of the vehicle and the direction of the vehicle, the longitudinal position of the vehicle being a position of the vehicle on the map in an extending direction of the traveling lane.

US Pat. No. 10,890,452

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NAVIGATION BASED ON ROUTE REUSE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for providing navigation on a mobile device comprising:receiving, at the mobile device, a first destination;
providing navigation instructions, via a user interface of the mobile device, to the first destination based on first route data;
determining whether the first destination is within a no wireless network coverage area;
responsive to a determination that the first destination is within the no wireless network coverage area, retaining the first route data in a memory of the mobile device;
receiving, at the mobile device, a second destination;
responsive to a determination that the second destination is not along a route associated with the first route data, providing navigation instructions, via the user interface, based on the first route data to a wireless network coverage area; and
responsive to a determination that the mobile device is within the wireless network coverage area, obtaining second route data to the second destination.

US Pat. No. 10,890,451

PLACE OF INTEREST RECOMMENDATION

Tencent Technology (Shenz...

1. A method performed by a server of a social communication platform for electronic conversation between a first user and a second user over a first user device and second user device via a corresponding first user account and a corresponding second user account in the social communication platform, the method comprising:receiving a first graphic message sent from the first user device targeting the second user device containing geographic location of the first user device and a chat message;
determining whether the second user account is of a service type; and
upon determining that the second user account is of the service type:
automatically extracting a keyword entered by the first user device in the chat message;
automatically obtaining at least one place of interest among a plurality of places of interest pre-recorded in the server using a place-of-interest updating procedure under the second user account or a third user account in the social communication platform represented by the second user based on the keyword extracted from the chat message and based on distances between the geographic location of the first device and geographic locations of the plurality of places of interest satisfying a predetermined distance criterion;
generating a second message containing geographic location of at least one place of interest; and
communicating the second message to the first user device.

US Pat. No. 10,890,450

INFRASTRUCTURE RE-PURPOSED MAGNETIC SIGNATURE IN MOBILE DEVICE LOCALIZATION

MAPSTED CORP., Mississau...

1. A method comprising:determining a common spatial region in accordance with a first spatial region partially superimposed upon an at least a second spatial region, the first and at least a second spatial regions associated with a first and an at least a second magnetic signatures respectively; and
generating, based at least in part on the first and at least a second magnetic signatures, a re-purposed magnetic signature associated with the common spatial region, wherein the re-purposed magnetic signature comprises one of a weighted magnetic parameter mean value and a weighted magnetic parameter variance value, the weighted magnetic parameter mean value and the weighted magnetic parameter variance value being computed based at least in part on respective magnetic parameter mean values and respective magnetic parameter variance values associated with the first and the at least a second spatial regions, the weighted magnetic parameter mean value being computed based at least in part on a proportion of overlap in the first and the at least a second spatial regions.

US Pat. No. 10,890,449

NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Aptiv Technologies Limite...

1. A navigation system comprising:a digital map that includes a record of global positioning system dead zones;
a global positioning system receiver;
one or more controller circuits in communication with the global positioning system receiver and the digital map, said one or more controller circuits configured to:
determine a current position of a host vehicle relative to a global positioning system dead zone;
determine whether a travel path for the host vehicle includes a lane change to a desired lane; and
in accordance with a determination that the travel path includes the lane change and a determination that the current position of the host vehicle is outside of the global positioning system dead zone, steer the host vehicle to the desired lane.

US Pat. No. 10,890,448

GYROCOPE BASED ON NITROGEN VACANCY CENTERS IN DIAMOND

Q-Sensorix LLC, Austin, ...

1. A gyroscope based on NV-centers in a diamond, comprising a diamond plate, a source of a green light, an optical system for directing the green light onto the diamond plate, a photodetector for registering fluorescence of the NV-centers in the diamond plate, optical elements directing the fluorescence from the diamond plate to the photodetector, a source of super-high-frequency radiation, a source of radio frequency radiation, and a source of constant magnetic field, wherein the gyroscope additionally comprises an energy-efficient antenna for microwaves that creates a strong longitudinal homogeneous microwave field in the entire volume of the diamond, is configured to provide a frequency adjustment of said microwave field, and configured to have a system for coupling the frequency of said microwave field to a frequency of the transition in the NV centers.

US Pat. No. 10,890,447

DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING MEASUREMENT GAPS

HEXAGON TECHNOLOGY CENTER...

1. An Augmented Reality (AR)-device, comprising:a visual sensor configured for capturing an environment of the AR device;
a display configured for providing:
a real view of the environment, wherein a reference system is linked to the environment, and
overlays onto the real view according to AR-data, wherein the AR data are spatially linked to a reference system, and comprise designed data and measured data; and
a computer configured for:
reading and controlling the visual sensor,
determining a pose of the AR-device relative to the reference system,
at least one of receiving, generating and storing the AR-data, and
generating the overlays;
wherein the AR-data further comprise remeasurement indications which are:
based on an evaluation of the measured data in terms of quality, and
spatially linked to the reference system at corresponding locations of the environment where the measured data lack a target quality.

US Pat. No. 10,890,446

SURVEYING DEVICE COMPRISING HEIGHT MEASURING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING A HEIGHT

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. A surveying device for determining the position of a target point, the surveying device comprising:a means for orienting a target axis of the surveying device towards the target point;
an angle-measuring functionality for the highly precise detection of the orientation of the target axis;
an evaluation means for data storage; and
a height measuring system for determining a height of the surveying device above the ground by means of triangulation, wherein the height measuring system comprises:
a laser plummet for emitting a laser beam along a standing axis of the surveying device onto a ground point, and
a detection unit comprising a line sensor for detecting a diffuse backscattering of the laser beam,
wherein the height measuring system is designed for determining a height of the surveying device above the ground point based on a position of the diffuse backscattering on the line sensor, and
wherein the height measuring system comprises a line laser unit for projecting a linear laser marking onto the ground, and
the detection unit comprises a linear viewing field for detecting the diffuse backscattering of the laser beam, and the line sensor is designed for at least partially detecting the linear laser marking,
wherein the height measuring system is designed for deriving an intensity profile based on the detected linear laser marking on the ground and, based thereon, detecting a size, a relative position, or a type of a standardized ground target located on the ground.

US Pat. No. 10,890,445

GROUND PLANE ESTIMATION IN A COMPUTER VISION SYSTEM

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A method for ground plane estimation in a three dimensional (3D) point cloud in a computer vision system, the method comprising:receiving a 3D point cloud generated based on a plurality of 2D frames captured by a monocular camera;
determining a distance threshold for the 3D point cloud based on an estimated height of a ground plane in the 3D point cloud;
estimating the ground plane of the 3D point cloud by performing the following for a number of iterations:
identifying a random plane in the 3D point cloud from three randomly selected non-collinear 3D points in the 3D point cloud, wherein an incline of the random plane meets pitch and roll constraints;
computing a cost function of the random plane, wherein the cost function is based on a difference between a number of inliers of the random plane and a number of 3D points below the random plane, wherein the distance threshold is used to determine whether or not a 3D point in the 3D point cloud is an inlier; and
saving the cost function as a best cost function if the cost function is better than a previously computed cost function for a previously identified random plane.

US Pat. No. 10,890,444

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THREE-DIMENSIONAL MEASUREMENTS OF PHYSICAL OBJECTS

Tata Consultancy Services...

1. A system for estimating three-dimensional measurements of a physical object, the system comprising:a handheld unit configured to capture three dimensional aspects of the physical object from different viewpoints, locations and angles by employing a gyroscope, a magnetometer, and an accelerometer, wherein the gyroscope, the magnetometer and the accelerometer are configured to capture raw data recordings;
one or more processors;
a memory coupled to the processor, wherein the processor is configured to execute programmed instructions stored in the memory to:
receive the raw data recordings from the gyroscope, the magnetometer, and the accelerometer to process the raw data recordings to develop a raw rotation matrix expressing an orientation of the physical object in Earth co-ordinates through Euler angle method, wherein the raw data recordings comprise an angular velocity of the handheld device captured by the gyroscope, a magnetic intensity indicating absolute geographic direction in a direction to the geographic north captured by the magnetometer, and a linear acceleration and a tilt due to gravity captured by the accelerometer, wherein the raw data recordings are received in the form of physical objects coordinates;
perform, low pass filtering of the rotation matrix to obtain processed Rotation Matrix constituted of filtered Euler angles;
collect individual acceleration recordings from the accelerometer and apply a correction factor to the acceleration recordings to overcome static bias, wherein the static bias is estimated as
where, bmean is the static bias, a is the individual accelerometer recording, i=1...N and “N” is number of accelerometer recordings when the handheld unit is in static condition;preprocess the acceleration recordings by filtering through a non-linear signal filter i.e. a median filter signal with a window length W, wherein the accelerometer recordings output after filtering will be a[w/2]=Median(aj), where, j=1...W, W being an odd number, M=number of accelerometer recordings when the user is scanning the object with the handheld unit for estimating the dimensions and w estimate, gravitational component along X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis based on the acceleration recordings along the X-axis, the Y-axis and the Z-axis received from the accelerometer and the coordinates from the processed rotation matrix, wherein the accelerometer is a three axis accelerometer;
determine corrected acceleration values by subtracting the gravitational components from the acceleration recordings across the X-axis, the Y-axis and the Z-axis obtained from the accelerometer;
calculate a distance covered by the accelerometer for each dimension, based on the corrected acceleration values and the rotation data, using Newton's law of motion; and
estimate in real time the three dimensional measurements of the physical object by summation of the distance calculated for each dimension covered by the accelerometer.

US Pat. No. 10,890,443

ROUNDNESS MEASURING DEVICE, MEASUREMENT GUIDE SYSTEM, AND MEASUREMENT GUIDE METHOD

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. A roundness measuring device configured to measure a position of a peripheral surface of an object, the roundness measuring device comprising:a rotary table including a placement surface on which the object is placed;
a rotary base configured to rotate the rotary table about a rotation axis;
a detector configured to detect displacement of the peripheral surface of the object being rotated;
an angle adjustment mechanism configured to adjust an inclination angle of the rotary table with respect to the rotation axis;
a position adjustment mechanism configured to adjust a position of the rotary table along a plane orthogonal to the rotation axis;
a camera configured to acquire a video of the rotary base and a region around the rotary base;
a display unit configured to display an image based on the video;
a position recognition unit configured to recognize images of the rotary table, the rotary base, and the object displayed on the display unit and configured to recognize positions of the rotary table, the rotary base, and the object in a display space of the images; and
a display control unit configured to perform control of displaying a guide in a superimposing manner on the image displayed on the display unit on a basis of the positions of the rotary table, the rotary base, and the object recognized by the position recognition unit.

US Pat. No. 10,890,442

STRUCTURED LIGHT PROJECTOR AND METHOD FOR STRUCTURED LIGHT PROJECTION USING THE SAME

HIMAX TECHNOLOGIES LIMITE...

1. A structured light projector, comprising:a projection module configured to project an optical pattern, the projection module comprising:
a light source configured to generate a light beam; and
a diffractive optical element (DOE) configured to convert the light beam into the optical pattern;
a liquid crystal (LC) lens disposed over the projection module, the LC lens configured to focus the optical pattern onto a region of space; and
a processor configured to generate a control signal depending on an environment temperature of the projection module for controlling the LC lens.

US Pat. No. 10,890,441

SHAPE INSPECTION APPARATUS AND SHAPE INSPECTION METHOD

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. A shape inspection apparatus for detecting a surface shape of a strip-shaped body, comprising:a line sensor camera configured to photograph a surface of the strip-shaped body to acquire a line image,
a first illumination light source and a second illumination light source that are arranged so as to be symmetric with respect to a specular reflection direction of an optical axis of the line sensor camera, the first illumination light source and the second illumination light source being configured to successively and alternately radiate strip-shaped illumination light at a photographing position of the line sensor camera;
a measurement control unit configured to control a lighting timing and a light emission time period of each of the first illumination light source and the second illumination light source, and a line image acquisition timing of the line sensor camera, and
a data processing unit configured to process a plurality of line images acquired by the line sensor camera to calculate an inclination of the surface of the strip-shaped body,
wherein:
a line image acquired by the line sensor camera when a first illumination light is being radiated from the first illumination light source is taken as a first line image, and a line image acquired by the line sensor camera when a second illumination light is being radiated from the second illumination light source is taken as a second line image,
the measurement control unit controls the lighting timing and the light emission time period as well as the line image acquisition timing based on a line speed so that photographing ranges are not overlapped between the first line image and the second line image, the line speed being a relative speed between the strip-shaped body and the line sensor camera, and
the data processing unit calculates an inclination of the surface of the strip-shaped body based on a differential line image that is obtained based on the first line image and the second line image.

US Pat. No. 10,890,440

3D FLOATING SUPPORT SYSTEM AND RELATED GEOMETRY-DETECTING MACHINE OF SLENDER ARTICLES

RDE COMPANY S.R.L., Mila...

1. Support system of a slender article in a geometry detecting machine of the slender article, comprising a plurality vertical constraint supports (1) with which said slender article is in contact with, characterised in thatsaid vertical constraint supports (1) are perfectly aligned and consist of locked universal joints, and
stress/strain sensors are provided, being able to detect the existing stresses around the axes of said locked universal joints
a restraining reaction of the locked universal joints being representative of the bending state of said slender article as being proportional to its natural curvature,
deformation of said article being determined in a very accurate way through a “post process” of tensional information by applying an elastic model of the material of said slender article.

US Pat. No. 10,890,439

GENERATION OF ONE OR MORE EDGES OF LUMINOSITY TO FORM THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELS OF OBJECTS

Advanced Scanners, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for generating light for a shadow caster, said apparatus comprising:a slitted tube, said slitted tube comprising:
an interior, said interior being painted white,
an exterior, said exterior being opaque, and
a slit, said slit running the length of said slitted tube and comprising:
a width;
two light sources, said light sources depending on opposite ends of said slitted tube;
two heat sinks, said heat sinks depending from said light sources;
two clamps, each said clamp wrapping around said slitted tube and comprising:
a screw;
wherein said clamps are capable of adjusting said width of said slit.

US Pat. No. 10,890,438

METHOD FOR MEASURING LAMINATED IRON CORE

MITSUI HIGH-TEC, INC., F...

1. A method for measuring a laminated iron core, comprising:preparing a laminated iron core in which two or more kinds of metal plates with different shapes are laminated and a deformed part is formed inside a hole continuing in a lamination direction of the laminated iron core;
acquiring a surface profile data indicating a surface shape of the deformed part through an inlet of the hole by a non-contact sensor located in an outside of the hole; and
calculating a length from the inlet of the hole to the deformed part in the lamination direction by a calculator based on the surface profile data.

US Pat. No. 10,890,437

SHEET FOR EVALUATING STRUCTURE DEFORMATION

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A sheet having a first main surface and a second main surface facing the first main surface, comprising:a first section with a first pattern image,
a second section with a second pattern image, and
a third section provided between the first section and the second section;
the first section has higher extensibility than the second section,
the first section includes the first main surface of the sheet,
the second section includes the second main surface of the sheet,
the first pattern image is visible through the second pattern image, and
the first main surface includes a high adhesion surface and a low adhesion surface.

US Pat. No. 10,890,436

OVERLAY TARGETS WITH ORTHOGONAL UNDERLAYER DUMMYFILL

KLA Corporation, Milpita...

1. An overlay target, comprising:a first-layer overlay target structure including a plurality of overlay pattern elements segmented along a first direction, wherein the overlay target structure is formed on a first sample layer; and
a dummy target structure including a plurality of inactive pattern elements segmented along a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, wherein the dummy target structure is formed on a second sample layer different than the first sample layer, wherein the plurality of inactive pattern elements are formed from dummyfill, wherein the dummyfill provides process compatibility for regions of a sample not containing device structures based on at least one design rule, wherein at least a portion of the dummy target structure overlaps the first-layer overlay target structure, wherein the dummy target structure includes a second-layer overlay target structure formed from an aperture in the plurality of inactive pattern elements, wherein the aperture is formed adjacent to the plurality of overlay pattern elements without overlapping the plurality of overlay pattern elements, wherein overlay between the first sample layer and the second sample layer is determinable based on a location of the first-layer overlay target structure and at least one internal edge of the second-layer overlay target structure.

US Pat. No. 10,890,435

DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE GEOMETRY OF THE INNER WALL OF BORES AND CORRESPONDING METHOD

1. A device configured to measure a geometry of an inner wall of a bore, a drill hole, or a passage, the device comprising:at least one optical sensor that is configured to capture optical data of the inner wall of the bore, drill hole, or passage and is configured to be introduced into and rotated within the bore, drill hole, or passage,
wherein an auxiliary object is provided with a passageway and rests on a surface of a workpiece, the sensor is configured to be inserted through the passageway of the auxiliary object into the bore, drill hole, or passage, wherein the inner wall of the auxiliary object is provided with a structure, and
wherein the sensor is configured to capture optical data of the structure while passing through the auxiliary object.

US Pat. No. 10,890,434

INSPECTING A MULTILAYER SAMPLE

APPLEJACK 199 L.P., Milp...

16. A system for inspecting a multilayer sample, the system comprising:a broadband light source configured to emit light;
a beam splitter configured to receive the light from the broadband light source and split the light into first and second portions, direct the first portion of the light toward an outer surface of a first layer of a multilayer sample in which the first layer is oriented proximal to the beam splitter and the outer surface of the first layer is positioned a first optical distance from the beam splitter, direct the second portion of the light onto a reflector positioned a second optical distance from the beam splitter, combine the first portion of the light after being reflected from the multilayer sample and the second portion of the light after being reflected from the reflector, and direct the combined light toward a system for analyzing Fabry-Perot fringes;
the system for analyzing Fabry-Perot fringes configured to receive, at a computer-controlled etalon filter, the combined light, filter the combined light at the computer-controlled etalon filter, direct, from the computer controlled-etalon filter, the filtered light over a single-mode optical fiber, receive at a computer-controlled spectrograph included in the system for analyzing Fabry-Perot fringes, the filtered light over the single-mode optical fiber, and spectrally analyze the filtered light, using the computer-controlled spectrograph, to determine at least a first peak of a Fourier transform of the filtered light, the first peak created by an optical path difference (OPD) between an optical path of the first portion of the light and an optical path of the second portion of the light;
a motion stage configured to change a frequency of at least the first peak to a new frequency by changing one or both of the first optical distance and the second optical distance; and
a computer configured to control the system for analyzing Fabry-Perot fringes, determine the OPD between the optical path of the first portion of the light and the optical path of the second portion of the light, control the motion stage between measurements to change the OPD to a different OPD, and determine thicknesses and order of the layers of the multilayer sample based on the different OPD and the new frequency of at least the first peak.

US Pat. No. 10,890,433

INTERFEROMETRIC THICKNESS MEASURING APPARATUS USING MULTIPLE LIGHT SOURCES COUPLED WITH A SELECTING MEANS

DISCO CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A thickness measuring apparatus for measuring a thickness of a wafer, the thickness measuring apparatus comprising:a light source emitting light having a transmission wavelength region to the wafer;
focusing means applying the light emitted from the light source to the wafer held on a chuck table;
an optical path optically connecting the light source and the focusing means;
an optical branching section provided on the optical path branching from the optical path the light reflected on the wafer held on the chuck table;
a diffraction grating diffracting the reflected light branched by the optical branching section to obtain diffracted light of different wavelengths;
an image sensor detecting an intensity of the diffracted light obtained by the diffraction grating to produce a spectral interference waveform; and
computing means computing the spectral interference waveform produced by the image sensor to output thickness information,
the light source including a first light source for emitting first light having a narrow wavelength band and a second light source for emitting second light having a wide wavelength band wider than the wavelength band of the first light,
the optical path including a first optical path for transmitting the first light from the first light source and a second optical path for transmitting the second light from the second light source, the first optical path being formed from a single-mode optical fiber, the second optical path being formed from a multimode optical fiber,
the optical branching section including a first optical branching section mounted on the first optical path for branching the first light reflected on the wafer from the first optical path and a second optical branching section mounted on the second optical path for branching the second light reflected on the wafer from the second optical path,
the diffraction grating including a first diffraction grating for diffracting the reflected first light branched by the first optical branching section to obtain first diffracted light of different wavelengths and a second diffraction grating for diffracting the reflected second light branched by the second optical branching section to obtain second diffracted light of different wavelengths,
the thickness measuring apparatus further comprising selecting means guiding the first diffracted light obtained by the first diffraction grating to the image sensor when the thickness of the wafer is a first thickness and guiding the second diffracted light obtained by the second diffraction grating to the image sensor when the thickness of the wafer is a second thickness smaller than the first thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,890,432

DIGITAL DISPLACEMENT SENSOR AND DISPLACEMENT MEASURING METHOD THEREOF

MONOLITH ELECTRIC (CHANGZ...

1. A digital displacement sensor, comprising:a signal acquisition module, wherein the signal acquisition module includes at least two photoelectric sensors, the two photoelectric sensors are configured to acquire a first signal and a second signal respectively and send the first signal and the second signal to a signal processing unit, the first signal includes wave peaks and wave valleys, the wave peaks and the wave valleys are periodically distributed, a waveform of the second signal is the same as a waveform of the first signal, and in a same clock period, the wave peaks of the first signal correspond to wave valleys of the second signal;
the signal processing unit for generating a third signal, wherein in the same clock period, a descending waveform of a third signal is generated at a first intersection point of the waveforms of the first signal and the second signal and an ascending waveform of the third signal is generated at a second intersection point of the waveforms of the first signal and the second signal, forming a waveform of the third signal in one clock period; and
a data processing unit for counting the ascending waveforms and the descending waveforms of the third signal to digitize a length measurement result; and
a digital displacement sensor configured to detect a length of a measured object, the measured object is provided with a measurement coating, the measurement coating includes two stripes with different reflection efficiencies, widths of the two stripes are the same, and the photoelectric sensors obtain signals by sensing the measurement coating in a detection.

US Pat. No. 10,890,431

MEMS TUNABLE VCSEL POWERED SWEPT SOURCE OCT FOR 3D METROLOGY APPLICATIONS

Thorlabs, Inc., Newton, ...

1. A coordinate measurement machine comprising:a surface configured to hold an object to be measured;
a measurement probe configured to move to a known spatial coordinates near the object by a moving mechanism, the measurement probe having re-configurable optics inside;
an optical stylus generated by the reconfigurable optics inside the measurement probe, wherein the optical stylus:
has an adjustable diameter and length;
has an adjustable distance from the optical stylus center to the probe; and
is in optical contact with the object;
an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system configured to measure an optical delay difference between the light from the object and a reference light from a reference position using an optical interference method, to determine a height of the object;
a first control loop configured to control the distance from the optical stylus center to the probe using the object height measured by the OCT system, causing the optical stylus in optical contact with the object; and
a second control loop configured to control the reference position of the reference light, using the object height measured by the OCT system, to change an electronic frequency of the optical interference signals to be within an optimal detection range of the OCT system, and for the OCT system to process the optimized interference fringe signals to determine the height of the object with improved accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,890,430

AUGMENTED REALITY-BASED SYSTEM WITH PERIMETER DEFINITION FUNCTIONALITY

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. An Augmented Reality (AR)-based inspection system comprising:a coordinate measuring instrument having a first camera unit, a first computer unit, and a first communication unit, and
an AR-device having a second camera unit, a second computer unit, and a second communication unit, wherein:
the first and the second communication units are connectable,
each of the coordinate measuring instrument and the AR-device is configured for:
establishing a referenced status relative to a setting,
at least one of the first and the second computer unit is configured for:
detecting two-dimensional or three-dimensional structured shapes in images captured by at least one of the first and second camera unit, and the AR-device is configured for:
providing a real view of the setting,
providing overlays onto the real view according to corresponding AR-data, wherein said AR-data are at least in part spatially associated with the detected structured shapes,
receiving a selection of an overlay, and
transmitting a trigger signal to the coordinate measuring instrument based on the selected overlay, wherein the trigger signal is configured to induce the coordinate measuring instrument to measure at least part of the structured shape, which structured shape is associated with the AR-data corresponding to the selected overlay.

US Pat. No. 10,890,429

AUTOMATIC CALIBRATION OPTICAL INTERFEROMETER AND AUTOMATIC CALIBRATION METHOD OF OPTICAL INTERFEROMETER

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An automatic calibration optical interferometer, comprising:a light source configured to emit a low coherent light;
an optical interference assembly coupled to the light source and configured to divide the low coherent light into a first incident light and a second incident light, wherein the optical interference assembly is implemented by a coupler or a splitter;
an optical sampling assembly coupled to the optical interference assembly, wherein the optical sampling assembly comprises a first end and a second end, the first end couples to the optical interference assembly to receive the first incident light, the second end is configured to face a test sample, a partially reflective window at the second end is configured to divide the first incident light into a first reflected light and a first penetrating light, and the first penetrating light is configured to be emitted to the test sample;
an optical reference assembly coupled to the optical interference assembly, wherein the optical reference assembly comprises a reference mirror and an actuator, the optical reference assembly receives the second incident light and emits the second incident light to the reference mirror so as to generate a second reflected light, and the actuator is configured to move the reference mirror;
a polychromator coupled to the optical interference assembly, wherein the polychromator is configured to output a displacement signal according to an optical path difference variation which is derived from the first optical path of the first reflected light and the second optical path of the second reflected light; and
a displacement controller electrically connecting to the polychromator and configured to control the actuator according to the displacement signal, wherein the reference mirror is moved with the optical path difference variation by the actuator, and a modified optical path of the second reflected light equals to a sum of a second optical path of the second reflected light and the optical path difference variation.

US Pat. No. 10,890,428

INTERFEROMETRIC METHOD AND APPARATUS USING CALIBRATION INFORMATION RELATING A FOCUS SETTING TO A TEST OBJECT POSITION

Zygo Corporation, Middle...

1. A method for measuring a property of a test object with an interferometer, the method comprising:a. providing calibration information relating a focus setting for the interferometer to a position of the test object, wherein the position of the test object is relative to a reference surface of the interferometer;
b. determining the position of the test object relative to the reference surface; and
c. using the interferometer to collect interferometric images of the test object for use in measuring the property of the test object;
d. wherein the method further comprises at least one of the following:
i. prior to collecting at least some of the interferometric images, adjusting a focus of the interferometer in hardware based on the calibration information and the determined position of the test object relative to the reference surface to improve a degree of focus of the interferometric images; and
ii. using one or more electronic processors to mathematically propagate at least one wavefront derived from the interferometric images based on the calibration information and the determined position of the test object relative to the reference surface to improve a degree of focus of the wavefront derived from the interferometric images.

US Pat. No. 10,890,427

NOZZLE INSPECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS

SUGINO MACHINE LIMITED, ...

1. A nozzle inspection method, comprising:rotating a nozzle about a rotation axis;
producing a jet from the nozzle with the nozzle located inside a cleaning device;
moving, by a moving unit installed inside the cleaning device, the nozzle that is freely movable in a lateral direction, a front-rear direction, and a vertical direction inside the cleaning device to cause the jet to approach a stylus of a touch probe;
generating a contact signal under a force acting on the stylus; and
determining that the jet is appropriate in response to the contact signal received first after an axis of the jet is positioned at a distance from an outer surface of the stylus that is equal to or less than a first distance calculated from a designed jet shape.

US Pat. No. 10,890,425

RELEASABLE EROSION ENHANCING MECHANISM

The United States of Amer...

1. In the aft end of a munition, a releasable erosion enhancing system, comprising:a vented torque release device having a proximal end, a distal end, an inner surface, an outer surface, and a wall defined by said inner surface and said outer surface, said vented torque release device centered about a central longitudinal axis;
wherein said outer surface having a first outer portion and a second outer portion, said first outer portion located at said proximal end, said second outer portion located at said distal end, said first and second outer portions separated by a flared region; and
a plurality of vents axially spaced at equal distance about said second outer portion and said flared region;
a threaded release ring concentric about said outer surface and spanning longitudinally from said flared region to said distal end;
a sealing vent cover attached to said distal end of said vented torque release device; and
a munition case concentric about said threaded release ring, said munition case configured to house a main fill energetic and an ignition energetic;
wherein said ignition energetic is embedded in said main fill energetic.

US Pat. No. 10,890,424

BIOCOMPATIBLE AMMUNITION

LAZARUS SOLUTIONS, LLC, ...

1. A firearm projectile, comprising:a shell, having an interior and an exterior; and
a hemostatic material retained in the interior of the shell;
wherein the hemostatic material has a mechanical modulus above 25,000 Pa; and
wherein the shell has a front and a back, and the shell further comprises a weighted pellet bonded to the back of the shell.

US Pat. No. 10,890,423

PROJECTILE WITH PENETRATOR

saltech AG, Daniken (CH)...

1. A bullet comprising a retaining element and a penetrator,wherein the penetrator is received at least partially in a receiving opening, extending centrally relative to a bullet axis, of the retaining element, and has a penetrator front and a penetrator rear,
wherein the penetrator rear is formed in a cylindrical manner and the penetrator front is formed in a manner tapering conically toward the bullet axis starting from the penetrator rear in the direction of a penetrator tip,
wherein a length of the penetrator front is in a length ratio of 1 to 1, or 1 to 1.5, or 1 to 2.2, with respect to a length of the penetrator rear,
wherein the retaining element comprises a retaining element rear, a retaining element middle, and a retaining element front,
wherein the retaining element front, the retaining element middle, and at least regionally also the retaining element rear are encased by a casing, and
wherein the casing encloses an air space with the retaining element rear in a region of the retaining element rear.

US Pat. No. 10,890,422

RING AIRFOIL GLIDER WITH AUGMENTED STABILITY

Scarr Research and Develo...

1. A munition for a weapon, comprising:a ring airfoil projectile adapted and configured for explosive release from a weapon, said projectile including a wall surrounding an inner flowpath and a centerline, the wall being symmetric about the centerline, the wall having an outer surface, an inner surface defining the boundary of the inner flowpath, and a cross-sectional shape, the inner surface of the cross-sectional shape being more cambered than the outer surface of the cross-sectional shape.

US Pat. No. 10,890,421

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL BROADHEAD FIXED AND MECHANICAL

Evolution Outdoors, Good...

19. A multifunctional arrow broadhead system comprisinga ferrule wherein the ferrule includes a plurality of slots, a first screw/pin, and a media hole positioned below the first screw/pin and configured to engage a second screw, and wherein the media hole is positioned perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the ferrule;
a plurality of blades wherein the blades are configured to engage the plurality of slots and wherein the screw/pin secures the blades to the ferrule; and
a base;
wherein the blades are further configured to function in a first mode,
wherein the first mode is a fixed blade configuration with the blades extended in a deployed position,
wherein the blades are further configured to function in a second mode,
wherein the second mode is a mechanical configuration with the blades further configured in a retracted position and held in the retracted position by insertion of a media into the media hole forming a friction fit throughout an arrow time of flight with the blades further configured to deploy to an extended position upon a target impact, and
wherein the first and second modes are user selected.

US Pat. No. 10,890,420

BULLET FOR AN ELECTRICALLY IGNITED FIREARM

1. A separate-loading firearm having a selected amount of a propellant captured between a firing chamber wall and a projectile having an interference fit within a barrel of the firearm, wherein:the firearm comprises at least one electric resistance heating element adjacent the firing chamber wall and further comprises switching circuitry operable to selectively connect the heating element to an electric current source for a firing pulse interval having a magnitude and duration adequate to heat the heating element to a temperature high enough to ignite an abutting portion of the propellant;
the projectile comprises a metal body having a cavity in a rear end thereof and a circumferential groove adjacent a front end thereof, the groove having a front groove wall shorter than a rear groove wall; and
an O-ring disposed in the groove, the O-ring having an outer diameter slightly greater than an inner diameter of the barrel so as to provide the interference fit; and wherein the selected amount of propellant comprises a first portion disposed in the cavity and a second portion abutting both the heating element and the first portion of propellant.

US Pat. No. 10,890,419

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NON-LETHAL, NEAR-RANGE DETAINMENT OF SUBJECTS

Wrap Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A near-range launcher assembly for at least temporarily detaining a subject, comprising:a primary launcher carrying a first projectile, the first projectile including a pair of pellets and a tether connecting the pellets, the first projectile being capable of at least temporarily detaining a subject;
a secondary launcher coupled to the primary launcher, the secondary launcher carrying a second projectile, the second projectile being capable of at least temporarily detaining a subject;
at least one power source, associated with one or both of the primary and secondary launchers;
at least one control system, operably coupled to the at least one power source, the control system operable to activate the power source; and
at least one user input, operably coupled to the at least one control system, the user input operable to communicate with the control system to activate the at least one power source to expel one or both of the first projectile and the second projectile from the launchers toward the subject; wherein
the secondary launcher comprises a conducted energy weapon (“CEW”).

US Pat. No. 10,890,418

VESSEL BARRIER SYSTEM WITH ENERGY DISSIPATING UNIT

OCEANETICS, INC., Annapo...

1. A vessel barrier system, comprising:a vessel barrier element, comprising a flexible element adapted to receive a moving vessel; and
at least one energy dissipating unit coupled to said vessel barrier element, whereby kinetic energy of a moving vessel contacting said vessel barrier element is transferred to and dissipated by said energy dissipating unit
whereby said kinetic energy of said moving vessel is converted into potential energy; and
wherein said at least one energy dissipating unit comprises a weight coupled to said vessel barrier element, said weight movable between a first, lowered position, when said vessel barrier element is in its first, relaxed position, and a second, raised position, when said vessel barrier element is in a second, tensioned position due to a vessel moving said vessel barrier element, said weight being of sufficient magnitude to bring said moving vessel to a stop when said weight reaches said second, raised position.

US Pat. No. 10,890,417

COMPOUND EYE LASER TRACKING DEVICE

LUMINIT LLC, Torrance, C...

1. A method for tracking an object, comprising:(a) providing a tracking system having at least two optical trackers, each optical tracker having a lens array;
(b) collecting a signal with the lens array of each optical tracker;
(c) filtering each signal, selecting specific wavelengths or wavelength ranges, and limiting the angular field of view of each lens for each optical tracker;
(d) directing each filtered signal to one or more photodetectors-for each optical tracker;
(e) processing the output of the one or more photodetectors for each optical tracker so that a correction signal is produced, which describes an angular difference between a pointing direction of the correction signal and a pointing direction of a tracking device;
(f) sending the correction signals to a direction control system for implementation, wherein the optical trackers are separated by a known distance, and have a known value of relative alignment; and
(g) using parallax to determine the distance to the object and thereby locating the object in three dimensions.

US Pat. No. 10,890,416

LASER ADJUSTMENT SYSTEM FOR FIREARM TRAINING APPARATUS

1. A laser adjustment system for a training apparatus, the laser adjustment system adapted to be configured in an upper receiver of the training apparatus, the laser adjustment system comprising:a laser bolt housing configured in the upper receiver, the laser bolt housing having a laser housing handle;
a laser housing disposed within the laser bolt housing;
a laser member housed within the laser housing;
a first adjustment assembly disposed within the laser bolt housing and engaged with the laser housing handle, the first adjustment assembly having lateral surfaces adapted to cooperates with corresponding lateral surfaces in or a part of the laser bolt housing to restrict left and right reposition and enable up and down reposition thereof in the laser bolt housing,
the first adjustment assembly having:
a first pillow block,
a first rotational block rotatingly engaged with the first pillow, and
a first setscrew rotatingly and laterally engage with the first pillow block, wherein the first setscrew is adapted to be rotated laterally within the first pillow block to rotate the first rotational block with respect to the first pillow block to enable the first adjustment assembly reposition the laser member up and down; and
a second adjustment assembly disposed within the laser bolt housing and engaged with the laser housing handle, a second the adjustment assembly having constrained upper and lower surfaces adapted to cooperates with surfaces in or a part of the laser bolt housing to restrict up and down reposition and enable left and right reposition thereof in the laser bolt housing,
the second adjustment assembly having:
a second pillow block,
a second rotational block rotatingly engaged with the second pillow, and
a second setscrew rotatingly and laterally engage with the second pillow block, wherein the second setscrew is adapted to be rotated laterally within the second pillow block to rotate the second rotational block with respect to the second pillow block to enable the second adjustment assembly reposition the laser member left and right.

US Pat. No. 10,890,415

FIREARM ELECTRONIC SYSTEM

VK Integrated Systems, In...

1. An electronic firearm system removably secured to a man portable firearm comprising:a first inertial measurement unit/controller having at least three accelerometer assemblies with each accelerometer assembly having three orthogonal axes;
a second inertial measurement unit/controller having at least three accelerometer assemblies with each accelerometer assembly having three orthogonal axes;
wherein each of the at least three accelerometer assemblies in first inertial measurement unit/controllers are oriented to be coplanar with their orthogonal axes parallel to an x-axis, a y-axis and a z-axis and the at least three accelerometer assemblies in second inertial measurement unit/controllers are oriented to be coplanar with their orthogonal axes parallel to the x-axis, the y-axis and the z-axis;
a control system programmed to use data from the first and second inertial measurement unit/controllers to calculate the location and orientation of the electronic firearm system removably secured to a man portable firearm with respect to a battlespace as well as calculating position and orientation with respect to a virtual coordinate system; and
an input/output module including at least one transceiver for transmitting and receiving data, the input/output module operatively connected to the first and second inertial measurement unit/controller.

US Pat. No. 10,890,414

COLLAPSIBLE REFLECTIVE SIGHT FOR A FIREARM

CF FINANCE LLC, Aynor, S...

1. A collapsible reflective optical sight for a firearm, comprising:a lens attached to and able to rotate with respect to a firearm, wherein the lens includes an optic with a reflective surface, a tracking tab configured to guide the lens within a track, and the lens is able to be folded with respect to the firearm to store the lens in a collapsed configuration and is able to be angled with respect to the firearm to aim the firearm in a deployed configuration;
a light source on the firearm that reflects a light off the reflective surface of the optic to aim the firearm; and
a mechanical sight integral with the collapsible reflective optical sight to aim the firearm when in the collapsed configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,890,413

MOUNTING ASSEMBLY AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

HSG LLC, Swansboro, NC (...

1. A mounting assembly comprising:a fastener defined by:
a base comprising a top face and a bottom face;
an extension positioned at a first end of the top face of the base, the extension comprising a central aperture;
a ridge positioned at a second end of the top face of the base, the ridge comprising a central opening and a pair of opposing side faces, wherein each side face comprises a tab, and wherein the tabs are joined by a mounting pin that extends through the central opening,
wherein the tabs are moveable towards the first end of the fastener, and are configured such that when the tabs are moved, the mounting pin is correspondingly moved;
a clip defined by:
a main body comprising a top face and a bottom face;
an arm positioned at a first end of the bottom face of the clip, wherein the arm is configured to fit within an aperture on the fastener;
a tapered segment positioned at a second end of the bottom face of the clip, wherein the tapered segment comprises a lip that is configured to cooperate with the mounting pin.

US Pat. No. 10,890,412

DOUBLE-BARRELED REVOLVER

Connecticut Shotgun Manuf...

1. A firearm comprising:a frame having a grip;
a trigger lever having a first end connected to the frame and movable between a forward rest position and a rearward actuated position;
the trigger lever having a free end extending away from the frame and opposite the first end;
a guard element forward of the trigger lever and having an upper end connected to the frame and a downwardly depending lower free end;
wherein the lower free end of the guard element is spaced apart from the grip; and
wherein the free end of the trigger lever is separated from the lower end of the guard element by a limited gap when in the forward rest position, such that the frame, trigger lever and guard element collectively define a protected trigger space which prevents entry by a user's finger through the limited gap.

US Pat. No. 10,890,411

SPRAY NOZZLE

1. A spray nozzle comprising:an outer tube, the outer tube being disposed along front and rear directions;
an inner tube, the inner tube being disposed in a cavity of the outer tube, and a front end of the inner tube protruding from a front end opening of the outer tube;
a sleeve, the sleeve being mounted on an outer side of the outer tube;
a partition plate being disposed in a cavity of the inner tube, the partition plate and an inner wall of the front end of the inner tube together encircling to form an opened diversion groove;
a groove wall of the opened diversion groove being disposed with a plurality of notches;
an outer side surface of the inner tube being disposed with a plurality of guide vanes arranged along a circumferential direction of the inner tube;
an outer edge of each of the plurality of guide vanes contacting and fitting with an inner side surface of the outer tube;
a space between the outer tube and the inner tube being divided by each of the plurality of guide vanes into a plurality of diversion cavities along front and rear directions, each of the plurality of diversion cavities respectively communicating with a cavity of the opened diversion groove through the corresponding notch;
an inner side surface of the sleeve making sealing contact with an outer side surface of the outer tube;
a front end of the sleeve being provided with a sealing plate; and
a rear side surface of the sealing plate contacting and fitting with a groove opening edge of the opened diversion groove, the sealing plate being provided with a water jet hole, the water jet hole communicating with a groove opening of the opened diversion groove.

US Pat. No. 10,890,410

BODILESS DOUBLE AND SINGLE CALIPER ARCHERY RELEASE

Berry Mtn., Inc., Liverp...

1. An archery release comprising:a first caliper comprising an end portion;
a second caliper comprising an end portion;
the first and second calipers being pivotally mounted for relative pivotal movement of the calipers towards and away from each other about a common first pivot axis, the calipers being pivotally movable towards one another to a closed position of the calipers wherein the first and second caliper end portions are adjacent one another, and the calipers being pivotally movable away from one another from the closed position to an opened position of the calipers wherein the first and second caliper end portions are spaced apart from one another and define a gap therebetween;
a trigger pivotally mounted to one of the first and second calipers, the trigger being movable to and from a raised position and a lowered position pivotally spaced from the raised position;
a stop member being connected to the trigger, the stop member being conjointly movable with the trigger moving between the raised and lowered positions of the trigger;
wherein when the calipers are in the closed position and the trigger is in the raised position, the stop member is in the path of pivotal movement of the second caliper away from the first caliper and the stop member being disposed to generate a force applied to the second caliper resisting further pivotal movement of the second caliper away from the first caliper; and
wherein when the calipers are in the opened position and the trigger is sin the lowered position, the stop member is in the path of pivotal movement of the second caliper away from the first caliper and the stop member being disposed to generate a force applied to the second caliper resisting further pivotal movement of the second caliper away from the first caliper.

US Pat. No. 10,890,409

POWDER WEIGHT TRANSDUCER

6. A process for attenuating a physiologically damaging vibration from a handheld device, the process comprising:Step A: vibrationally coupling a transducer to the handheld device, the transducer including a canister defining a sealed enclosure, a powder contained within the enclosure of the canister, said powder having a tungsten composition; and a coupler for vibrationally coupling the canister to the physiologically damaging vibration;
said powder, when undisturbed, having a settled state occupying less than the entire enclosure of said canister, and said powder, when excited by physiologically damaging vibration, having a fluidized state occupying the entire enclosure of said canister;
said canister, when agitated by physiologically damaging vibration via said coupler, transmitting vibration energy to said powder contained therein for fluidizing said powder; and then
Step B: inducing the handheld device to generate the physiologically damaging vibration; and then
Step C: transmitting the physiologically damaging vibration from the handheld device to the transducer for converting vibration energy to fluidization energy therein;whereby the transducer attenuating physiologically damaging vibration within the handheld device by converting vibration energy to fluidization energy.

US Pat. No. 10,890,408

SIMULATED TRAINING AMMUNITION AUTOMATIC LAUNCHING SYSTEM

1. An automatic launching system for simulated training ammunition, comprising a launcher, a controller and a simulated training ammunition loaded inside the launcher, wherein the simulated training ammunition comprises an outer shell, a core and a fuze structure at the bottom of the simulated training ammunition, characterized in that:the launcher comprising a supporting ring inside the launcher to support the outer shell and a piston cylinder below the supporting ring inside a cavity of the launcher, wherein the piston cylinder comprises: a punch at the upper part of the piston for impacting the fuze structure; vents in the cylinder sidewall for communicating the cylinder cavity with the launcher cavity, a seal end at the lower part of the piston to isolate the cylinder cavity from the launcher cavity by moving back and forth to the position lower than the vents and to communicate the cylinder cavity with the launcher cavity by moving back and forth to the position higher than the vents, the lower part of the cylinder being connected to a high-pressure gas holder through a pipeline and a normally closed solenoid valve;
the controller comprising a computer which is connected to a video camera to receive video data from the video camera and identifying target image of the video data by comparing with a pre-stored target image, and which is connected to a normally closed solenoid valve through a microcontroller so that the computer sending instructions to the microcontroller through a control port to control the switching action of the normally closed solenoid valve, a shooting direction of a lens of the video camera being the same as that of the launcher, the target image being a marker;
the core comprising a high-pressure gas seal bottle with a sleeve, a interlayer between the outer shell made of a thin-walled plastic bottle and the sleeve being filled with dispersible fine powder, the fuze structure comprising a fuze cap that is sealed and connected to the outer shell, wherein the fuze cap comprises an annular step with internal threads on it in the inner opening of the fuze cap wherein the internal threads being non-sealing thread connected with the sleeve; a tip cone with a base at the bottom of the fuze cap for puncturing the high-pressure gas seal bottle; an end cover pressed against the outer port of the fuze cap by a return spring, wherein the base of the tip cone is connected with the end cover of the fuze cap through a bolt and is pressed against the internal bottom of the fuze cap, the tip of the tip cone in proximity to the thin-walled head of the high-pressure gas seal bottle, an outside diameter of the fuze cap is less than an inside diameter of the supporting ring of the launcher.

US Pat. No. 10,890,407

DUAL REMOTE CONTROL AND CREW-SERVED WEAPON STATION

Flex Force Enterprises In...

1. A weapon platform comprising:a cradle having a shape and size configured to receive and secure a weapon;
a gimbal which, when active, stabilizes the cradle by selectively controlling pan and tilt angles of the cradle; and
a controller configured to cause a weapon mounted in the cradle to operate in (i) a first operating mode in which the weapon is remotely steered and fired, (ii) a second operating mode in which the cradle is stabilized by the gimbal and the weapon is aimed and fired by a local operator, and (iii) a third operating mode in which the cradle is manually steered and the weapon is fired by the local operator.

US Pat. No. 10,890,406

GUN REST

Colosseum Athletics Inc.,...

1. A gun rest, comprising:a cushioning body having a top surface, a bottom surface, a front side, a rear side, a retention channel indented on said top surface for supporting a firearm barrel thereat, and a barrel grip provided at said retention channel for preventing inadvertent movement of the firearm barrel along said retention channel, wherein a width of said retention channel is gradually increasing from said front side of said cushioning body to said rear side thereof, wherein said width of said retention channel is reducing from top to bottom, such that said retention channel is configured for limiting a movement of the firearm barrel at said front side of said cushioning body and for allowing the firearm barrel at said rear side of said cushioning body; and
a knee strapping system extended from said bottom surface of said cushioning body for detachably coupling said cushioning body at a knee of an operator to serve as a knee guard.

US Pat. No. 10,890,405

NON-TILTING OUTER BARREL FOR TOY GUN

1. A non-tilting outer barrel for a toy gun, comprising:a first housing configured to accommodate at least a portion of an inner barrel through which a bullet is discharged;
a second housing configured to accommodate at least a portion of a chamber coupled to one end of the inner barrel, wherein the second housing is further configured to be coupled to the first housing; and
a plurality of fixing members disposed in a bore of the first housing thereby restricting vertical movement of the first housing in relation to the inner barrel, wherein the vertical movement is perpendicular to a central axis of the bore of the first housing,
wherein the second housing includes a fixing groove, in which a protrusion formed on the chamber is inserted, thereby restricting horizontal movement of the second housing in relation to the chamber, wherein the horizontal movement is perpendicular to the vertical movement,
wherein the second housing further includes a thread groove formed on one side surface of the second housing,
wherein the thread groove accommodates a screw such that the first housing and the second housing are fixed.

US Pat. No. 10,890,404

MULTI-BAFFLED FIREARM SUPPRESSOR

DELTA DESIGN, INC., Walt...

1. A sound suppressor, comprising:an elongate tubular housing;
a projectile entrance passage at a rearward portion of the elongate tubular housing; and
a plurality of tubes positioned within the elongate tubular housing, each of the plurality of tubes comprising an outlet to an exterior of the sound suppressor, wherein the plurality of tubes is offset from the elongate tubular housing and offset from a central axis of the elongate tubular housing;
wherein the sound suppressor is formed via additive manufacturing as a single, unitary piece.

US Pat. No. 10,890,403

SUPPRESSOR WITH BLOWOUT PANEL

DELTA P DESIGN, INC., Wa...

1. A suppressor, comprising:a set of inner components including an inner sleeve and a plurality of baffles; and
a set of outer components including an outer housing, an ingress cap at a first end of the outer housing, an egress cap at a second end of the outer housing, the second end opposite of the first end, and
one or more blowout panels formed as defined regions of one or more walls of the set of outer components, the defined regions forming the one or more blowout panels having a lower wall thickness than a thickness of the one or more walls outside of the defined regions of the one or more blowout panels, and the one or more blowout panels configured to fail at a threshold pressure to vent gas, wherein the set of inner components is entirely enclosed within the set of outer components.

US Pat. No. 10,890,402

FIREARM SUPPRESSOR SYSTEM AND ASSOCIATED QUICK RELEASE MOUNT AND LOCK

American Defense Manufact...

1. A firearm suppressor system comprising:an outer housing that radially encloses a plurality of baffles and which includes a passage defined therethrough;
a distal end cap associated with the outer housing and associated with a discharge end of a projectile passing through the outer housing; and
a mount body associated with an end of the outer housing generally opposite the distal end cap, the mount body defining a mounting and locking arrangement associated with securing the suppressor system relative to a firearm, wherein the mounting and locking arrangement includes a plurality of cutouts, a radial channel disposed behind the plurality of cutouts nearer the discharge end, and a projection, wherein a muzzle comprising a plurality of lobes cooperates with corresponding cutouts of the plurality of cutouts and the radial channel, and wherein the projection removeably cooperates with a cavity defined by a lobe of the plurality of lobes and prevents relative rotational and axial translation between the muzzle and the mount body when the projection is engaged with the cavity of the lobe that is rotationally aligned therewith.

US Pat. No. 10,890,401

SOUND SUPPRESSOR

1. A sound suppressor for a firearm having at least one barrel, the sound suppressor comprising:a common expansion chamber (21) having a wall (52) at a first end of the common expansion chamber (22), one side of the wall (52) facing the at least one barrel, and an end plate (22) attached at a second end of the common expansion chamber (21);
at least two apertures (45, 46), through the one side of the wall (52) facing the at least one barrel, for a projectile to pass through into the common expansion chamber (21);
at least two projectile pathways (84, 85), each of which extends through a respective one of the at least two apertures (45, 46) through the wall (52), through the common expansion chamber (21), and through the end plate (22);
at least one choke-type connector (24, 25) for the insertion into the at least one barrel of the firearm, the at least one choke-type connector (24, 25) being received and retained in a respective one of the at least two apertures (45, 46), and a respective one of the at least two projectile pathways (84, 85) also extending through the at least one choke-type connector (24, 25); and
an insert (86) for closing one of the at least two apertures (45, 46).

US Pat. No. 10,890,400

FASTENING DEVICE FOR WEAPON ACCESSORY

Dieter Christandl, Weiz ...

1. A handgun (90) with a silencer (10) and with a fixing device for fixing the silencer (10) to a handle (92) of the handgun (90), wherein the fixing device comprises:a fixation rail (30) for fixing the fixing device to a mounting rail (94) of the handgun, wherein the fixation rail (30) has two upper side walls (31), the two side walls respectively comprise inner longitudinal guides (32), which are configured as guide grooves, wherein the guide grooves correspond to the mounting rail (94),
wherein the mounting rail (94) is provided at a horizontal section of the handle (92) directly below a barrel (91) and forward of a trigger guard (97) of the handgun (90),
the fixation rail (30) is arranged at a rear end wall of a silencer housing (11) of the silencer (10), wherein the rear end wall of the silencer housing (11) is facing the barrel (91) of the handgun (90) when fixing the silencer (10) to the handgun (90),
wherein the fixation rail (30) and the silencer (10) is formed in one piece,
wherein a support surface (36) is formed at the rear end (33) of the fixation rail (30), which at least in sections rests on the front end (97a) of the trigger guard (97) of the handgun (90), if the fixing device is fixed to the handgun,
wherein a surface of the support surface (36) facing the trigger guard (97) has a convex curvature,
wherein the front end (97a) of the trigger guard (97) is formed as end wall-sided counter support surface, which at least in sections corresponds to the convex support surface (36),
wherein the support surface (36) of the fixation rail (30) rests in a substantially positive-locking manner on the end wall-sided counter support surface (97a), if the fixing device is fixed to the handgun, such that the silencer (10) is reliably prevented from oscillating in a vertical direction (P2) after a shot has been fired from the handgun (90), and
wherein the support surface (36) at the rear end (33) of the fixation rail (30) has an axial recess, with which an axial protrusion or pin (97b) arranged at the front end (97a) of the trigger guard (97) engages in a positive-locking manner, if the fixing device is fixed to the handgun.

US Pat. No. 10,890,399

BARREL WITH RIFLING AND METHOD FOR FORMING

1. A pneumatic gun barrel, comprising:a rifling pattern comprising one or more ridges or indentations formed in a spiral pattern on an internal surface of the barrel along an entire length of the barrel from a breech end to a muzzle end thereof;
an attachment mechanism formed on the breech end of the barrel for removably connecting the barrel to a pneumatic gun; and
a spiral pattern of indentations corresponding to the rifling pattern formed along an external surface of the barrel and extending from the muzzle end of the barrel up to but not including the attachment mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,890,398

GUN BARREL THERMAL INDICATOR

CAVEMAN, LLC, Severance,...

1. A flexible thermochromic gun barrel temperature indicator comprising:a thermochromic band configured to be secured around a gun barrel such that thermal energy generated within said gun barrel is transferred to said thermochromic band and wherein said thermochromic band comprises a flexible polymer; and
a quantity of a thermochromic indicator impregnated within said thermochromic band and calibrated such that said thermal energy generated from said gun barrel causes said thermochromic indicator to transmit a temperature signal when said thermal energy from said gun barrel reaches at least one pre-determined temperature threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,890,397

APPARATUS TO MINIMIZE SHORT STROKE IN A REVOLVER

Kimber IP, LLC, Yonkers,...

1. An apparatus to minimize short stroke in a revolver, wherein pulling of a trigger of the revolver activates a hammer of the revolver to fire the revolver, the revolver having a ready-to-fire position wherein the trigger is in a fully undepressed configuration, wherein the revolver must be brought to the ready-to-fire position subsequent to each firing cycle of the revolver, the revolver comprising:(a) a frame;
(b) the hammer rotationally mounted in the frame and having a firing pin and a pivot axis, the hammer having a hammer slot therein, the hammer having a first side and a second side wherein the pivot axis is disposed between the first side and the second side, the hammer slot being an inset area of the hammer having a hammer slot wall, said hammer slot wall disposed parallel to the first side and the second side, perpendicular to the pivot axis, and disposed between the first side and the second side, the hammer slot having a transfer bar blocking surface;
(c) a barrel;
(d) the trigger having a trigger pawl;
(e) a cylinder disposed in the frame having a plurality of breach chambers disposed about a central axis and a ratchet having teeth, said cylinder adapted to rotate about the central axis, said cylinder having a plurality of depressions, each depression disposed adjacent to one of said breach chambers, said ratchet having teeth to index the cylinder in the frame to align one of said breach chambers with said barrel;
(f) a bolt pivotably disposed on the frame between the trigger and the cylinder, the bolt having a first end having a receiving slot for receiving the trigger pawl, the bolt having a second end having a bolt pawl for engaging one of said depressions;
(g) a hand having a first end disposed on the trigger, and a second end disposed against a tooth of the ratchet, wherein pulling of the trigger causes the hand to index the cylinder to align a new breach chamber with the barrel;
(h) a transfer bar having a first end and a second end, the first end of the transfer bar pivotably disposed on the trigger adjacent to the first end of the hand, the second end of the transfer bar disposed adjacent to the firing pin of the hammer, the transfer bar having a first position when the revolver is in the ready-to-fire position and the second end of the transfer bar is disposed away from the hammer and the breach chamber to prevent a cartridge from being fired, the transfer bar having a second position at firing and the second end of the transfer bar moves between the hammer and the breach chamber to provide for discharging of the revolver, and, during the firing cycle, prior to the revolver being brought back to the ready-to-fire position, the trigger cannot be depressed until the trigger is first fully undepressed, and the second end of the transfer bar engages the transfer bar blocking surface of the hammer slot in the hammer to prevent the trigger from being fully depressed;
wherein the firing cycle of the revolver begins at the ready-to-fire configuration, the trigger is pulled, the bolt disengages from the depression, the hand engages the ratchet to turn the cylinder such that a new breach chamber is aligned with the barrel, the bolt engages a next depression in the cylinder, the hammer activates to discharge a cartridge in the breach chamber aligned with the barrel and simultaneously, the transfer bar raises such that its second end is disposed between the hammer and breach chamber to allow for firing, and the trigger is released causing the various elements to move back to the ready-to-fire configuration, wherein the transfer bar moves to a down position away from the firing pin.

US Pat. No. 10,890,396

SLOTTED TRIGGER ACTUATION

Sig Sauer, Inc., Newingt...

9. A firearm, comprising:a trigger body;
a sear, mechanically coupled to the trigger body; and
a trigger bar configured with a slot extending parallel to a bore axis at an interface between the trigger body and the trigger bar,
wherein the trigger body is configured to be movable between a resting position, an intermediate position and a firing position, the sear is in a first position when the trigger body is in either the resting position or the intermediate position, and the sear is in a second position different from the first position when the trigger body is in the firing position, the intermediate position being at least 2 mm from each of the resting position and the firing position.

US Pat. No. 10,890,395

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ENERGY HARVESTING ROUND COUNTER FOR FIREARMS

Raoden Tech Consulting, L...

1. A system for determining the number of rounds fired by a firearm, the system comprising:a piezo electric sensor for mechanical connection to the firearm, the piezo electric sensor configured to detect mechanical vibrations and output one or more voltage waveforms representing the mechanical vibrations, wherein the piezo electric sensor comprises piezo material having a mechanical quality factor of 1000 or greater;
a radio frequency identification chip;
a non-volatile memory;
a microcontroller in communication with the piezo electric sensor and the radio frequency identification chip, and wherein the microcontroller is programmed to receive the one or more voltage waveforms;
a bridge rectifier in communication with the piezo electric sensor;
a capacitor in electrical communication with the bridge rectifier and the piezo electric sensor; and
a means for regulating voltage in electrical communication to the capacitor and the microcontroller;
wherein the radio frequency identification chip is in electrical communication with the means for regulating voltage, and wherein the microcontroller is programmed to, when the microcontroller receives the one or more voltage waveforms, receive a stored value from the non-volatile memory, increment the stored value by one, and communicate the stored value back to the non-volatile memory.

US Pat. No. 10,890,394

LAST ROUND HOLD OPEN APPARATUS

1. A last round hold open (LRHO) apparatus comprising:a first lever having a first end and a second end;
a mag stop component to which the first lever is pivotally affixed at the second end;
a second lever disposed proximate the second end of the first lever, the second lever pivotally affixed to the mag stop;
a bolt catch affixed to the mag stop and the second lever; and
a magazine release extending from the first end of the first lever.

US Pat. No. 10,890,393

FIREARM CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION TOOL

1. A firearm cartridge extraction tool comprising:a support frame, an arm, and a push rod;
wherein the firearm cartridge extraction tool is configured for use with a firearm that holds a cartridge that has failed to eject;
wherein the firearm cartridge extraction tool pushes a slide back so that the cartridge is removed from a chamber of the firearm;
wherein the support frame comprises a guide track, a left base stand, a right base stand, and a padded stop;
wherein the guide track is a horizontal arm located at a rear of the support frame;
wherein the guide track passes through a track aperture on a rear of the arm;
wherein the guide track is a guide rail for the arm such that the arm slides to a left and to a right along the guide track while remaining horizontally oriented;
wherein a left side of the guide track bends forward and extends horizontally towards a front of the firearm cartridge extraction tool;
wherein the left base stand elevates a left side of the firearm cartridge extraction tool;
wherein the left base stand comprises a left leg and a left foot;
wherein the left leg is a vertical arm that couples the guide track to the left foot;
wherein a top of the left leg is coupled to the left side of the guide track;
wherein a bottom of the left leg is coupled to a midpoint of a top surface of the left foot;
wherein the left foot is a horizontal arm that runs from a front to a rear;
wherein a bottom surface of the left foot rests upon a workbench or other work surface when the firearm cartridge extraction tool is in use.

US Pat. No. 10,890,392

GUIDE ROD FOR AUTO RELOADING FIREARM

1. An apparatus for an auto-loading pistol, comprising:a guide rod, having:
a first shaft that includes a first aperture at a first end;
a second shaft positioned within the aperture of the first shaft;
a sleeve with a second aperture through an interior portion of the sleeve to receive the first shaft; and
a gear mechanism positioned within the first aperture to interact with the second shaft and the sleeve when the sleeve changes position along the first shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,890,390

INDEXER, INDEXER RETROFIT KIT AND METHOD OF USE THEREOF

Terydon, Inc., Navarre, ...

1. A retrofit kit for an X-Y indexer, said X-Y indexer including a first indexer rail, a second indexer rail; and a trolley engageable with the first indexer rail or the second indexer rail; wherein the trolley positions at least one nozzle for dispensing a water jet therefrom; wherein the retrofit kit comprises:a first arm adapted to be engaged with the first indexer rail; and
a distance measurement sensor provided on one of the retrofit kit and the X-Y indexer to measure a position of the trolley.

US Pat. No. 10,890,389

HEAT EXCHANGER ASSEMBLIES WITH INTEGRATED VALVE

Dana Canada Corporation, ...

18. A thermal management unit for a vehicle transmission, the thermal management unit comprising:a manifold structure having an internal valve cavity, the manifold structure having first inlet and outlet ports, second inlet and outlet ports, and third inlet and outlet ports, wherein the respective first inlet and outlet ports are adapted for receiving transmission oil from the transmission and returning the transmission oil to the transmission;
a valve mechanism disposed within the internal valve cavity and comprising a temperature responsive actuator;
a heat exchanger integrated with the manifold structure, the heat exchanger having a plurality of alternating first and second fluid passages, first inlet and outlet manifolds interconnected by the first fluid passages, and second inlet and outlet manifolds interconnected by the second fluid passages, wherein the first fluid passages are adapted for flow of the transmission oil and the second fluid passages are adapted for flow of a liquid for heating the transmission oil, and wherein the respective second inlet and outlet ports of the manifold structure are in fluid communication with the first outlet manifold and the first inlet manifold of the heat exchanger;
wherein the respective third inlet and outlet ports are adapted to receive the transmission oil from another heat exchanger component and return the transmission oil to the other heat exchanger component;
wherein said valve mechanism has first position wherein a first portion of the transmission oil entering the manifold structure through the first inlet port is directed to the heat exchanger through the second outlet port, and a second portion of the transmission oil is directed to the other heat exchanger component through the third outlet port; and
wherein said valve mechanism has a second position wherein the thermal actuator is activated in response to an increase in the temperature of the transmission oil entering the internal valve cavity, and in which all the transmission oil entering the manifold structure through the first inlet port is directed to the other heat exchanger component through the third outlet port.

US Pat. No. 10,890,388

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADDITIVELY MANUFACTURING BOILER TUBES

GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLO...

1. A method of manufacturing a tube comprising:selecting a core pipe having a thickness that is initially less than a desired thickness of the tube;
building-up an outer layer over an exterior surface of the core pipe via additive manufacturing so as to increase the thickness of the core pipe, wherein the core pipe becomes the tube when the thickness of the core pipe is equal to the desired thickness; and
building a fitting into the outer layer via additive manufacturing such that the fitting is integral with and incorporated into the outer layer, wherein the fitting includes at least one of a nipple, a nozzle, a weld-o-let, an elbow, and a reducer;
wherein the step of building-up the outer layer includes rotating the core pipe a plurality of full revolutions so as to deposit multiple layers on a same axial location of the core pipe in a progressive manner, such that a thickness of the outer layer increases with every successive rotation of the core pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,890,387

HEAT SINKS WITH VIBRATION ENHANCED HEAT TRANSFER

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNIV...

1. A heat sink with vibration enhanced heat transfer adapted for cooling of a liquid heat source, comprising:a thermally conductive housing having at least one contact face and at least one wall;
a first body made of a thermal conductive phase change material disposed within the thermally conductive housing, the first body of thermal conductivity material having a first at contact face disposed for direct contact with a heat source to be cooled at one end of the housing and a second contact face located at a first contact face of the housing; and
a vibrating base, the vibrating base disposed in direct contact with an entire second contact face of the thermally conductive housing; wherein the vibrating base is configured to propagate oscillating waves through the thermally conductive housing and the second contact face of the first body of thermally conductive material to reach the first contact face disposed for direct contact with the heat source; and
at least one thermally conductive stud having opposed first and second ends, wherein the first end of the stud is affixed within the second contact face of the thermally conductive housing and in direct contact with the vibrating base and the second end is positioned within the first body.

US Pat. No. 10,890,386

EVAPORATOR UNIT INCLUDING DISTRIBUTOR TUBE AND METHOD THEREOF

MAHLE International GmbH,...

1. An inlet manifold for an evaporator of an air conditioning system, the inlet manifold comprising:a plurality of inlet slots configured for inserting refrigerant tubes of the evaporator for a refrigerant flow;
a distributor tube located within the inlet manifold for aliguoting the refrigerant, a portion of the distributor tube flattened and bent toward an inlet port of the distributor tube along a longitudinal axis; and
a mandrel inserted in the distributor tube for preventing the distributor tube from collapsing when the distributor tube is flattened and bent.

US Pat. No. 10,890,385

APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR EXCHANGING HEAT WITH A FLUID

ETALIM INC., Burnaby (CA...

1. An apparatus for exchanging heat with a fluid, the apparatus comprising:a heat exchanger having first and second opposing surfaces and a plurality of flow passages that permit fluid flow between the first and second surfaces in a substantially axial direction, wherein the axial direction is perpendicular to the first and second surfaces, and wherein the heat exchanger comprises an ultra-compact heat exchanger material;
a manifold having an interface surface in thermal contact with the first surface of the heat exchanger, the manifold comprising:
a thermally conductive body operable to conduct heat between the interface surface and a distally located heat transmitting surface in a heat flow direction generally aligned with the axial direction, the heat transmitting surface being fluid impermeable;
a plurality of feed passages extending through the thermally conductive body in a generally transverse direction with respect to the axial direction, each feed passage having an inlet for receiving or discharging the fluid; and
a plurality of distribution passages, each distribution passage having an end in fluid communication with at least one of the plurality of feed passages and having an opening at the interface surface, the respective openings of the plurality of distribution passages being distributed over the interface surface, the distribution passages being configured to cause a change in fluid flow direction between a transversely directed flow in the feed passages and an axially directed flow at the openings of the distribution passages.

US Pat. No. 10,890,384

PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER

ALFA LAVAL CORPORATE AB, ...

1. A plate heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of heat exchanger plates;
a first end plate;
a second end plate spaced apart from the first end plate, the plurality of heat exchanger plates being positioned between the first and second end plates;
a plurality of motors that collectively define a drive unit;
a plurality of threaded tightening bolts that each extend between the first end plate and the drive unit, each of the threaded tightening bolts also extending through the second end plate;
the threaded tightening bolts each including a respective bolt head that bears directly or indirectly against either the first end plate or the second end plate;
a plurality of nuts, each in threaded engagement with a respective one of the threaded tightening bolts and arranged to bear directly or indirectly against either the second end plate or the first end plate so that the bolt head and the nut associated with each respective threaded tightening bolt bear directly or indirectly against different ones of the first and second end plates;
the threaded tightening bolts and nuts being arranged for relative movement of the first and second end plates towards or away from each other; and
each of the plurality of motors being operatively connected to a respective one of the threaded tightening bolts so that each of the threaded tightening bolts is rotatable independently of others of the threaded tightening bolts, the bolt heads and the nuts being operatively coupled to the respective end plates in a manner such that operation of the respective motors and rotation of the threaded bolts in one direction decreases a distance between the end plates while operation of the respective motors and rotation of the threaded bolts in an opposite direction to the one direction increases the distance between the end plates.

US Pat. No. 10,890,383

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF USING PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL IN POWER PLANTS

Drexel University, Phila...

1. A heat exchanger for cooling a fluid comprising:a plurality of phase change material modules mounted for rotation about a central axis to form a porous structure having a porosity of from 94% to 98%, each said phase change material module including a plurality of hollow structures and a phase change material housed within the hollow structures;
a first fluid inlet positioned to direct the fluid through the porous structure for contact between the first fluid and an outer surface of the hollow structures;
a first fluid outlet for removing the first fluid from the heat exchanger and located to receive the first fluid after contact with the hollow structures;
a second fluid inlet positioned to direct a second fluid through the porous structure for contact between the second fluid and the outer surface of the hollow structures; and
a second fluid outlet for removing the second fluid from the heat exchanger and located to receive the second fluid after contact with the hollow structures;
wherein rotation of the plurality of phase change material modules repeatedly circulates the porous structure of the modules into alignment with the first fluid inlet and the second fluid inlet, and the phase change material is selected to undergo a phase change as a result of heat exchange with each of the first and second fluids, and the outer surfaces of the hollow structures are formed from a hydrophobic material.

US Pat. No. 10,890,382

HEAT DISSIPATION DEVICE

Asia Vital Components Co....

1. A heat dissipation device comprising:a first titanium metal sheet having a first surface and an opposite second surface, and the first surface having a plurality of raised sections formed thereon;
a second titanium metal sheet having a third surface and an opposite fourth surface; and
a metal mesh bonded to the third surface and the first titanium metal sheet and the second titanium metal sheet being correspondingly closed to each other to together define a sealed chamber, in which a working fluid is filled,
wherein the metal mesh includes a first metal mesh and a second metal mesh;
the first metal mesh being a titanium mesh; and
the second metal mesh being a stainless steel mesh; and the first and the second metal mesh being superposed on each other.

US Pat. No. 10,890,381

CROSS-FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A heat exchanger extending laterally in a first direction and a second direction, the heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of tubes extending in the first direction through which a first fluid is configured to flow, each of the plurality of tubes having waves that repeat at regular intervals along the first flow direction and being spaced from one another vertically and laterally in the second direction;
a header extending in the first direction and attached to each of the plurality of tubes, the header being configured to convey the first fluid to each of the plurality of tubes;
a plurality of flow voids formed between the plurality of tubes, the plurality of flow voids extending in the second direction through which a second fluid is configured to flow such that the second fluid is in thermal contact with the plurality of tubes; and
a plurality of walls extending between horizontally adjacent tubes substantially in the second direction, the plurality of walls dividing the flow void into multiple discrete flow channels through which the second fluid is configured to flow.

US Pat. No. 10,890,380

PRECAST REPLACEMENT SURFACES FOR CONTACT WITH HEATED METAL

VESUVIUS USA CORPORATION,...

1. A precast refractory piece, comprising:a first surface,
a second surface, disposed opposite the first surface,
an engagement channel, extending through the precast refractory piece from the first surface to the second surface,
an adjustable engagement device in communication with the second surface and with the engagement channel,
a rod disposed in the engagement channel,
a holding pin channel extending through the refractory piece from the first surface to the second surface,
a holding pin inserted in the holding pin channel, wherein the holding pin is oriented to protrude from the second surface of the precast refractory piece,
wherein the adjustable engagement device is configured to adjustably engage the rod in a fixed position in the engagement channel;
wherein the rod comprises a threaded lateral surface, and
wherein the adjustable engagement device is engaged to the rod in a threaded manner,
wherein the precast refractory piece comprises a lateral surface;
wherein a form wall having an interior surface and an exterior surface is attached to the lateral surface of the piece;
wherein the form wall partially encloses, in cooperation with the second surface of the piece, an interface volume;
wherein the form wall comprises a pumping port extending from the interior surface of the form wall to the exterior surface of the form wall, and
wherein the form wall further comprises a breather hole extending from the interior surface of the form wall to the exterior surface of the form wall, and wherein the breather hole is located adjacent to the second surface of the precast refractory piece.

US Pat. No. 10,890,379

AUTOMATIC QUICK RESPONSE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT FOR ROTARY KILNS

OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY, Es...

1. A device for measuring the temperature in a rotary kiln through which solid material passes being heated to elevated temperatures, comprising a drive as well as an elongated hollow body having a thermocouple supported therein, whereby the drive and the elongated hollow body are mounted such that they rotate jointly with the rotary kiln and that the drive can move the elongated hollow body together with the thermocouple through an opening in and out of the rotary kiln interior for measuring the temperature inside the rotary kiln during operation, whereinthe elongated hollow body is tubular and the thermocouple is configured to be shifted by an actuator such that a temperature sensitive tip of the thermocouple protrudes out of the elongated hollow body;
the thermocouple is designed such that it can be moved separately from the elongated hollow body in and out for better protection of the thermocouple;
a magazine providing at least the thermocouple and another thermocouple and/or the elongated hollow body and at least another elongated hollow body.

US Pat. No. 10,890,378

NEGATIVE PRESSURE DRYING APPARATUS

1. A Negative Pressure Drying Apparatus comprising:a. a receptacle, which receives an article for drying, comprising a first open end, and a second closed end, where said first open end is comprised of a rim with a sealable ridge and said second closed end is comprised of a plurality of supports to suspend said receptacle off of a surface, where said plurality of supports allow air flow between said plurality of supports to a plurality of air intake holes of said second closed end;
b. a corresponding cover section of said first open end of said receptacle, comprising a fan mounted within a perimeter of said cover section, where said perimeter further comprises a sealing recess, which engages and disengages from said sealable ridge of said rim of said first open end of said receptacle;
c. wherein, said fan blows outward from said receptacle at a rate, which exceeds a rate of air intake through said air intake holes creating a negative pressure within said receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,890,377

VOLCANO-SHAPED ENHANCEMENT FEATURES FOR ENHANCED POOL BOILING

Rochester Institute of Te...

3. A method for enhancing pool boiling, comprising:heating a substrate having at least one volcano-shaped structure comprising a base, side and top enclosing a contained volume, the at least one volcano-shaped structure having at least one bottom opening and at least one top opening, wherein a cross-sectional area at the base is greater than a cross-sectional area at the top, the at least one volcano-shaped structure base adjacent to a surface of the substrate;
and covering the at least one volcano-shaped structure and the substrate with a liquid, such that vapor and entrained liquid flows in a predominantly continuous manner through either one of the at least one top opening and at least one bottom opening from inside the contained volume to outside the contained volume and liquid flows in a predominantly continuous manner through the other one of the at least one top opening and at least one bottom opening from outside the contained volume into the contained volume, with the vapor exiting from within the contained volume not interfering with the incoming liquid and enhancing at least one of a heat transfer coefficient and a critical heat flux on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,890,376

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING A SYNTHESIS GAS

1. A method for separating a synthesis gas containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen wherein:i) compressing a synthesis gas flow originating from a synthesis gas source in a compressor;
ii) purifying the compressed synthesis gas in a purification unit to remove water and/or carbon dioxide;
iii) cooling the compressed purified synthesis gas flow;
iv) separating the cooled synthesis gas flow in a separation unit by a separation process selected from the group consisting of scrubbing, distillation at a cryogenic temperature, adsorption, and combinations thereof,
v) producing at least the following three gases in the separation unit: a carbon monoxide-enriched gas, a hydrogen-enriched gas, a residual gas containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen which contains less carbon monoxide than the carbon monoxide-enriched gas and less hydrogen than the hydrogen-enriched gas, and
vi) determining that the synthesis gas flow passed to the compressor is below a threshold or zero, and then introducing at least a portion of at least two the gases selected from the group consisting of the carbon monoxide-enriched gas, the hydrogen-enriched gas, the residual gas, and combinations thereof, at a location downstream of the source and upstream of the purification unit,
wherein at least a portion of at least each of the three gases from stage v) downstream of the source is introduced downstream of the source and upstream of the compressor only if the flow of synthesis gas is below the threshold, or if none of the flow of the synthesis gas comes from the source.

US Pat. No. 10,890,375

METHOD FOR LIQUEFYING NATURAL GAS AND NITROGEN

1. A method for producing liquefied natural gas and a stream of liquid nitrogen, comprising at least the following steps:Step a): producing gaseous nitrogen in an air separation unit;
Step b): liquefying a stream of natural gas in a natural gas liquefaction unit comprising a main heat exchanger and a refrigeration system;
Step c): liquefying the nitrogen stream resulting from step a) in the main heat exchanger of the natural gas liquefaction unit in parallel with the liquefied natural gas in step b) and exporting at least a portion of the liquefied nitrogen stream as a product;wherein all the refrigeration necessary for liquefying the stream of nitrogen and for liquefying the natural gas is supplied by said refrigeration system of the natural gas liquefaction unit.

US Pat. No. 10,890,374

DOOR AND HOME APPLIANCE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A home appliance comprising:a cabinet;
an object receiving chamber defined in the cabinet to receive an object therein;
a door pivotally coupled to the cabinet to open and close the object receiving chamber, wherein the door has a see-through window;
a lighting device for illuminating an interior of the object receiving chamber;
a sensor disposed in the door for detecting an acoustic wave, wherein the acoustic wave is generated by an application of a knock input to the door; and
a controller configured to activate the lighting device upon detecting the knock input, such that the object receiving chamber may be visible to an outside through the see-through window,
wherein the sensor includes:
a microphone for sensing the acoustic wave; and
a microphone receptor configured to receive the microphone and to be in close contact with a front panel of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,890,373

PANEL COOLING DEVICE AND BUFFER TANK FOR THE SAME

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A buffer tank of a panel cooling device, comprising a tank body and a carry mechanism provided in the tank body, wherein the carry mechanism comprises a first slide rail, a second slide rail and a plurality of supporting frames, the first slide rail and the second slide rail are opposite to each other and fixed in the tank body, the supporting frames are arranged on the first slide rail and the second slide rail, and the supporting frames are configured to be moveable relative to the first slide rail and the second slide rail;wherein each of the supporting frames comprises a supporting plate, a first wheel connected to a first end of the supporting plate and a second wheel connected to a second end of the supporting plate, the first wheel is arranged on the first slide rail, the second wheel is arranged on the second slide rail, and the first end and second end of the supporting plate are opposite to each other; and
wherein when a plurality of the supporting plates of the supporting frames are adjacent, a total width of the adjacent supporting plates is equal to or less than a length of the first slide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,890,372

REFRIGERATED OVEN AND SYSTEM FOR COOKING FOOD ITEMS

1. A refrigerated oven for cooking a food item, said refrigerated oven comprising:a housing having a plurality of walls, said plurality of walls including a front wall and a back wall;
a refrigerator unit disposed in said housing, said refrigerator unit having a refrigeration mechanism structured and arranged to discharge cold air from said refrigerator unit;
a cooking compartment removably associated with said housing and said refrigerator unit, said cooking compartment having an interior chamber sized and configured to removably receive the food item therein and a cooking mechanism structured and arranged to discharge hot air into said interior chamber to cook the food item when the food item is disposed in said interior chamber, said interior chamber disposed in fluid flow communication with said refrigerator unit so as to receive cold air into said interior chamber, said cooking compartment sized and configured to be removably received in a passageway defined by said housing between said refrigerator unit and a passageway opening at one of said walls of said housing when connecting said removable cooking compartment to said refrigerator unit; and
an air flow door disposed between said refrigerator unit and said cooking compartment or associated with one of said refrigerator unit and said cooking compartment to prevent air flow between said refrigerator unit and said interior department when said air flow door is in a closed position and to allow air flow between said refrigerator unit and said interior department when said air flow door is in an open position,
wherein the food item is kept cold when positioned in said interior chamber with said air flow door in said open position and is cooked by said cooking mechanism with said air flow door in said closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,890,371

FREEZING REFRIGERATOR

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A freezing refrigerator comprising:a compressor;
a condenser;
a dryer;
a decompressor;
an evaporator;
a first pipe including an inlet pipe of the evaporator;
a second pipe including an outlet pipe of the evaporator;
a first thermal coupling member which thermally couples the decompressor and the second pipe together; and
a second thermal coupling member which thermally couples the first pipe and the second pipe together, wherein
the compressor, the condenser, the dryer, the decompressor and the evaporator configure a refrigerant cycle,
an entrance of the evaporator is disposed at an upper portion of an entirety of the evaporator;
a pipe of the evaporator includes a plurality of pipe lines, each pipe line being one pipe which extends in a vertical direction while horizontally meandering by a predetermined number of times, the plurality of pipe lines being arranged in a front-rear direction orthogonal to the vertical direction and the horizontal direction;
a fin for facilitating heat exchange is attached to the pipe; and
the second thermal coupling member thermally couples a returning vertical pipe with the inlet pipe of the evaporator, the returning vertical pipe extending from a lower side to an upper side and being communicated with a pipe of an end portion disposed at a position closest to an outlet of the evaporator when a number of the pipe line is an odd number.

US Pat. No. 10,890,370

COOLING DEVICE HAVING AN AIR CHANNEL AND A BAFFLE

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A cooling device or domestic refrigerator, comprising:a body having an outer wall;
a door;
said body and said door defining a storage space therebetween having an inner wall;
said inner wall of said storage space and said outer wall of said body defining an insulating space therebetween being at least partially filled with insulating material;
an air channel formed within said insulating space, said air channel having a longitudinal extent;
said inner wall of said storage space having a plurality of openings formed therein being open to said air channel;
a bar separating two neighboring openings from each other and
a baffle disposed completely within said air channel, said baffle including a connector fixing said baffle to said air channel, said baffle having a length being transverse to said longitudinal extent of said air channel, and said baffle having a flap guiding an air flow, said flap being transverse to said longitudinal extent;
said air channel having a wall segment being a rear wall lying opposite the openings of the inner wall, and said baffle including a support element contacting said rear wall.

US Pat. No. 10,890,368

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR CONTROLLING THE HARVEST CYCLE OF AN ICE MAKER USING A HARVEST SENSOR AND A TEMPERATURE SENSOR

1. An ice maker for forming ice, the ice maker comprising:(i) a refrigeration system using a refrigerant capable of transitioning between liquid and gaseous states, the refrigeration system comprising:
(a) a compressor for pressurizing the refrigerant;
(b) a condenser for receiving the pressurized refrigerant and condensing the refrigerant into a substantially liquid refrigerant, wherein the condenser is in fluid communication with the compressor via a discharge line;
(c) a thermal expansion valve for converting the high pressure liquid refrigerant leaving the condenser into low pressure liquid refrigerant, wherein the thermal expansion valve is in fluid communication with the condenser via a liquid line;
(d) an evaporator for receiving the low pressure liquid refrigerant from the thermal expansion valve and discharging low pressure, substantially gaseous refrigerant via a suction line connected to the compressor;
(e) a freeze plate thermally coupled to the evaporator; and
(f) a hot gas valve which is adapted to be opened during a harvest cycle to direct warm refrigerant from the compressor to the evaporator through a hot gas bypass line;
(ii) a water pump which, during a cooling cycle, pumps water over the freeze plate wherein the water collects in the freeze plate and freezes into ice;
(iii) a harvest sensor for detecting ice falling from the freeze plate;
(iv) a temperature sensor for measuring a temperature that indicates that all of the ice has been harvested from the freeze plate; and
(v) a controller adapted to control the hot gas valve in response to an indication from the harvest sensor of ice falling from the freeze plate and the temperature measured by the temperature sensor indicating that all of the ice has been harvested from the freeze plate;
wherein the controller is configured to execute an ice harvest routine in which the controller:
opens the hot gas valve;
after opening the hot gas valve, receives the indication from the harvest sensor of ice falling from the freeze plate;
after receiving the indication from the harvest sensor, receives the indication that the temperature measured by the temperature sensor indicates that all of the ice has been harvested from the freeze plate
after receiving the indication from the harvest sensor and until receiving the indication from the temperature sensor, keeps the hot gas valve open; and
after receiving the indication from the temperature sensor, closes the hot gas valve.

US Pat. No. 10,890,367

DOUBLE ROW BARREL ICE MAKER WITH OVERHEAD EXTRACTION

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. An ice maker defining a vertical direction, a lateral direction, and a transverse direction, the vertical, lateral, and transverse directions being mutually perpendicular, the ice maker comprising:a mold body, a plurality of mold cavities defined in the mold body, the plurality of mold cavities comprising a first row of mold cavities extending generally along the transverse direction and a second row of mold cavities extending generally along the transverse direction and spaced apart from the first row along the lateral direction, each mold cavity of the plurality of mold cavities extending between a floor and an opening along a longitudinal axis, each mold cavity of the plurality of mold cavities enclosed by at least one sidewall between the floor and the opening, the longitudinal axis of each mold cavity oriented generally along the vertical direction;
an ejector assembly comprising a plurality of ejector pads, the plurality of ejector pads comprising a first row of ejector pads corresponding to the first row of mold cavities and a second row of ejector pads corresponding to the second row of mold cavities, each ejector pad disposed proximate to the floor of a corresponding mold cavity of the plurality of mold cavities when the ejector assembly is in a low position;
an ice rake positioned above the mold body along the vertical direction, the ice rake comprising a rotatable shaft and a rake finger extending radially outward from the rotatable shaft;
a gear directly connected to the rotatable shaft of the ice rake;
a cam formed on the gear, the cam connected to the ejector assembly via a scotch yoke; and
a motor in operative communication with the ejector assembly via the cam and the gear, the motor operable to rotate the gear, wherein rotation of the gear and the cam thereon is translated into linear movement by the scotch yoke to move the plurality of ejector pads upward generally along the vertical direction from the low position to a high position proximate the opening of each corresponding mold cavity, wherein each ejector pad is operable to eject ice from the corresponding mold cavity when the ejector pad moves from the low position to the high position.

US Pat. No. 10,890,366

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAKING ICE

TIAX, LLC, Lexington, MA...

1. A cross-connected refrigeration system comprising:a first refrigeration subsystem and a second refrigeration subsystem that are fluidly coupled by a header, each of the first refrigeration subsystem and the second refrigeration subsystem comprising:
a refrigeration loop comprising:
a compressor, a condenser, an expansion device, and an evaporator; and
a heating loop comprising: an electrically-controlled valve, and the evaporator; and
a header connection that connects the refrigeration loops and the heating loops of the first refrigeration subsystem and the second refrigeration subsystem to a common header, respectively, wherein
the compressor in the first refrigeration subsystem is configured to be selectively deactivated and the electrically-controlled valve in the first refrigeration subsystem is configured to be selectively opened such that compressed gas from the compressor in the second refrigeration subsystem enters the heating loop of the first refrigeration subsystem and heats the evaporator of the first refrigeration subsystem.

US Pat. No. 10,890,365

SOFTWARE LOGIC IN A SOLID-PRODUCTION SYSTEM

Electrolux Home Products,...

1. A solid-production system, comprising:a conveyor arranged to engage and move a fluid mold through the solid-production system;
a fluid dispenser arranged to dispense fluid to the fluid mold;
a cooling block arranged to interact with the fluid mold moved through the cooling block via the conveyor so as to cool the fluid therein to form a solid;
a pressure plate arranged to urge the fluid mold into interaction with the cooling block;
a solid dispensor arranged to dispense the solid loosened by a solid ejector to a user through an exit port; and
processing circuitry configured to implement a master state machine, and slave state machines for respective ones of the fluid dispenser, conveyor, pressure plate and solid dispenser,
wherein the master state machine is configured to send commands to the slave state machines based on states of the slave state machines, and the slave state machines are configured to execute the commands to control the respective ones of the conveyor, fluid dispenser, pressure plate, and solid dispenser.

US Pat. No. 10,890,364

REFRIGERATOR WITH ICE MAKER

1. A refrigerator with an ice maker, comprising:a refrigerating compartment; and
an ice-making chamber disposed inside the refrigerating compartment, wherein the ice maker is provided inside of the ice-making chamber, the ice-making chamber is refrigerated by an ice-making refrigeration system;
wherein the ice-making refrigeration system includes:
an ice-making evaporator disposed outside of the ice-making chamber;
an ice-making air duct; and
an ice-making fan disposed in the ice-making air duct;
the ice-making evaporator is air communicated with the ice maker through the ice-making air duct to form a refrigerating cycle;
wherein the ice-making air duct comprises an ice-making air supply duct configured to include the ice-making evaporator, and an ice-making air return duct; an outlet of the ice-making air return duct communicates with an inlet of the ice-making air supply duct below the ice-making evaporator, and an ice storage bucket is provided inside of the ice-making chamber below the ice maker;
wherein an outlet of the ice-making air supply duct and the ice maker are above an inlet of the ice-making air return duct and the ice storage bucket in the ice-making chamber;
wherein the refrigerating compartment is refrigerated by a main refrigeration system, and the main refrigeration system and the ice-making refrigeration system are separately disposed;the main refrigeration system includes a main evaporator configured to refrigerate the refrigerating compartment, a main fan, and a refrigerating air duct configured to include the main evaporator and the main fan;wherein the ice-making evaporator and the main evaporator are provided in the refrigerating compartment above a freezing compartment of the refrigerator;
wherein the ice-making air supply duct and the ice-making air return duct are provided outside of the ice-making chamber and on back of the refrigerator; the ice-making air supply duct is provided on top of the ice-making air return duct the ice-making evaporator is provided upstream of the ice-making air supply duct.

US Pat. No. 10,890,363

REFRIGERANT COMPRESSOR AND REFRIGERATION DEVICE INCLUDING REFRIGERANT COMPRESSOR

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A refrigerant compressor which reserves lubricating oil in a sealed container, and accommodates therein an electric component, and a compression component which is driven by the electric component and compresses a refrigerant,wherein at least one of slide members included in the compression component is made of an iron-based material, and
wherein an oxide coating film is provided on a slide surface of the iron-based material,
the oxide coating film comprising:
a composition A portion containing diiron trioxide (Fe2O3) which is more in quantity than other substances;
a composition B portion containing triiron tetraoxide (Fe3O4) which is more in quantity than other substances and containing a silicon (Si) compound; and
a composition C portion containing triiron tetraoxide (Fe3O4) which is more in quantity than other substances and containing silicon (Si) which is more in quantity than silicon (Si) of the composition B portion, and
the oxide coating film comprising at least an outermost portion that is the composition A portion, an intermediate portion that is the composition B portion, and an inner portion that is the composition C portion, the outermost portion, the intermediate portion, and the inner portion being arranged in this order from an outermost surface of the oxide coating film.

US Pat. No. 10,890,362

ACCUMULATOR FIXING DEVICE FOR COMPRESSOR, AND AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS INCLUDING SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

12. An air-conditioning apparatus comprising:a compressor;
a condenser configured to condense a refrigerant introduced from the compressor;
an evaporator configured to cool surrounding air using evaporated latent heat of the refrigerant introduced from the condenser;
an accumulator configured to provide the refrigerant of a vapor state to the compressor; and
an accumulator fixing device for the compressor configured to fix the accumulator and the compressor to each other,
wherein the accumulator fixing device for the compressor includes:
a first bracket and a second bracket that are fixed to an outer surface of the compressor,
a first strap configured to fix one portion of the accumulator while surrounding a circumference of the accumulator together with the first bracket, and
a second strap configured to fix another portion of the accumulator while surrounding the circumference at the other portion of the accumulator together with the second bracket, and
wherein:
the first strap and the second strap are disposed to be spaced apart from each other by a predetermined interval,
the compressor includes an inlet port into which a fluid is introduced from the accumulator,
the first bracket is fastened to opposite sides of the first strap,
the second bracket is fastened to opposite sides of the second strap and disposed to be spaced apart from the first bracket along a length direction of the compressor,
the first strap is disposed above the second strap, and
a distance between the first bracket and the second bracket is 20% to 80% of a length between the first bracket and the inlet port.

US Pat. No. 10,890,361

ELECTROCALORIC HEAT TRANSFER SYSTEM

CARRIER CORPORATION, Pal...

1. An electrocaloric heat transfer system, comprising:a first electrocaloric module comprising a first electrocaloric element disposed between electrodes, a first port, a second port, and a first fluid flow path between the first port and the second port in thermal communication with the first electrocaloric element;
a second electrocaloric module comprising a second electrocaloric element disposed between electrodes, a third port, a fourth port, and a second fluid flow path between the third port and the fourth port in thermal communication with the second electrocaloric element;
a fluid inlet configured to receive fluid from a heat source or heat sink, and to controllably direct the fluid to the first port or the fourth port;
a fluid outlet configured to controllably receive fluid from the first port or the fourth port, and to discharge the fluid to the heat source or heat sink;
a third fluid flow path between the second port and the third port, the third fluid flow path comprising a fluid mixer comprising mixer fluid inlets in controllable communication with the second port, the third port, and a conditioned fluid space, and a fluid separator comprising a separator fluid inlet that receives mixed fluid from the fluid mixer, a separator first fluid outlet in communication with the second or third port, and a separator second fluid outlet in communication with the conditioned fluid space.

US Pat. No. 10,890,360

HEAT EXCHANGER

Shinwa Controls, Co., Ltd...

1. A heat exchanger comprisinga plate member having a flat bottom part and having a refrigerant flow path formed therein; and
a plate cover configured to cover the plate member;
wherein
the plate cover has: a refrigerant inlet communicating with an area on one side of the refrigerant flow path of the plate member and; a refrigerant outlet communicating with an area on the other side of the refrigerant flow path of the plate member, and
arrangement density of the refrigerant flow path is higher in an area far from a straight line which connects the area on the one side communicating with the refrigerant inlet to the area on the other side communicating with the refrigerant outlet, than in an area close to the straight line which connects the area on the one side communicating with the refrigerant inlet to the area on the other side communicating with the refrigerant outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,890,359

HEATING AND HOT WATER SUPPLY DEVICE

NORITZ CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A heating and hot water supply device, comprising a combustion means, a main heat exchanger, a circulation passage connected to the main heat exchanger and a heating apparatus, a circulation pump provided in the circulation passage, a bypass passage that branches off from the circulation passage and bypasses the heating apparatus, a heat exchanger for hot water supply provided in the bypass passage, a hot water supply passage for supplying cold water to the heat exchanger for hot water supply and for supplying hot water heated to a predetermined set hot water supply temperature by the heat exchanger for hot water supply, a control unit that controls a plurality of devices, and an operating terminal connected to the control unit so as to be capable of communication therewith for performing a plurality of operations including a heating operation, a hot water supply operation, and a simultaneous heating operation and hot water supply operation, wherein:a distribution means is provided at a branching portion of the bypass passage, and the distribution means is capable of adjusting a distribution ratio so that the heating operation, or the hot water supply operation, or the simultaneous heating operation and hot water supply operation become possible; and
a display means is provided to the operating terminal, and is capable of providing displays corresponding to each of the plurality of operations,
wherein the control unit is configured to display in the display means at least one of a heating display corresponding to the heating operation and a hot water supply display corresponding to the hot water supply operation in a display mode in a different color or in a different brightness of illumination from when there is no such shortage of operational output, as a present operational output is insufficient with respect to a required operating capability for a corresponding operation.

US Pat. No. 10,890,358

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FURNACE FLUID FLOW MANAGEMENT

TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

1. A furnace, comprising:a primary heat exchanger tube;
a secondary heat exchanger comprising a plurality of secondary heat exchanger tubes;
a hot header configured to provide a fluid flow path between an output of the primary heat exchanger tube to an input of the secondary heat exchanger; and
a perforated fluid flow plate disposed at least partially within the hot header wherein the perforated fluid flow plate comprises an interior wall comprising:
a first portion distanced from the secondary heat exchanger tubes, the first portion comprising a plurality of perforations, for passing flue gas, that are misaligned relative to the secondary heat exchanger tubes; and
a second portion that is configured to direct condensate toward one or more of the plurality of secondary heat exchanger tubes; and
a gasket that is engaged between the perforated fluid flow plate and the secondary heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,890,357

WATER HEATER WITH SELF-CENTERING BOTTOM COVER

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. A water heater appliance defining a vertical direction, a centerline axis extending along the vertical direction, and a radial direction extending to and from the centerline axis, the water heater appliance comprising:a tank having a tank bottom, the tank defining a chamber for heating water;
a heating source in thermal communication with the tank for selectively heating water within the chamber;
a support ring onto which the tank bottom is positioned;
a wrapper surrounding at least a portion of the tank, the wrapper having a bottom opening; and
a bottom cover onto which the support ring is positioned, the bottom cover positioned at the bottom opening of the wrapper to close off the bottom opening, the bottom cover having a base, an outer wall projecting from the base along the vertical direction, and a centering feature projecting from the base along the vertical direction, wherein the centering feature is positioned inward of the support ring along the radial direction, and
wherein the centering feature has an upper base and a sidewall connecting the upper base and the base of the bottom cover, the bottom cover defining a radius extending from the outer wall to the centerline axis along the radial direction, the sidewall being positioned outward of a midpoint of the radius along the radial direction, and wherein the sidewall of the centering feature provides an abrupt elevation differential between the upper base of the centering feature and the base of the bottom cover so that haptic feedback is received when the tank is slid or centered into position with respect to the centering feature.

US Pat. No. 10,890,356

HEAT EXCHANGE DEVICE AND HEAT SOURCE MACHINE

NORITZ CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A heat exchange device, capable of recovering a sensible heat and a latent heat of a combustion gas supplied from a burner, the heat exchange device comprising:a primary heat exchanger for recovering the sensible heat of the combustion gas;
a secondary heat exchanger disposed on a side opposite to the burner with respect to the primary heat exchanger for recovering the latent heat of the combustion gas; and
a connecting pipe connecting the primary heat exchanger and the secondary heat exchanger,
wherein the primary heat exchanger comprises a primary heat exchange part, a shell plate surrounding a periphery of the primary heat exchange part, and a body pipe part for cooling the shell plate,
the body pipe part is disposed closer to the burner than the primary heat exchange part and is connected to the connecting pipe, and
the primary heat exchange part comprises a first heat transfer tube part that is connected to the body pipe part, and a second heat transfer tube part that is connected to the first heat transfer tube part and is disposed on a side opposite to the body pipe part with respect to the first heat transfer tube part,
wherein the body pipe part extends horizontally along a periphery of the shell plate and is disposed along inner surfaces including a pair of side surfaces and a back surface of the shell plate,
wherein the first heat transfer tube part is disposed above the second heat transfer tube part in an up-down direction,
wherein the first heat transfer tube part is located between the body pipe part and the second heat transfer tube part in the up-down direction, and the second heat transfer tube part is located between the first heat transfer tube part and the secondary heat exchanger in the up-down direction.

US Pat. No. 10,890,355

HEAT PUMP APPARATUS

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A heat pump apparatus comprising:a pressure reducing device configured to expand a heat medium flowing into the pressure reducing device to reduce a pressure of the heat medium, and then allow the heat medium to flow from the pressure reducing device;
a heat-reception-side heat exchanger into which the heat medium flowing from the pressure reducing device flows, the heat-reception-side heat exchanger being configured to cause heat exchange to be performed between the heat medium and a heat source;
a compressor configured to suck the heat medium flowing from the heat-reception-side heat exchanger, compress the heat medium to increase a pressure of the heat medium, and discharge the heat medium;
a heat-storage heat exchanger into which the heat medium discharged from the compressor flows, the heat-storage heat exchanger being configured to cause heat exchange to be performed between the heat medium and a heat storage medium, the heat storage medium is stored in a heat storage tank, wherein when the heat-storage heat exchanger performs heat exchange between the heat medium and the heat storage medium, heat is stored in the heat storage medium in the heat storage tank;
a use-side heat exchanger into which the heat medium flows from the heat-storage heat exchanger, the use-side heat exchanger being configured to cause heat exchange to be performed between the heat medium and a heat usage medium, and then allow the heat medium to flow from the use-side heat exchanger to the pressure reducing device;
a flow-passage switching device configured to switch a flow passage for the heat medium discharged from the heat-storage heat exchanger to a first flow passage or a second flow passage, the first flow passage extending through the pressure reducing device, the heat-reception-side heat exchanger, the compressor and the heat-storage heat exchanger without extending through the use-side heat exchanger, and the second flow passage extending through the pressure reducing device, the heat-reception-side heat exchanger, the compressor, the heat-storage heat exchanger and the use-side heat exchanger; and
a first temperature detector configured to detect a first temperature which is a temperature of the heat medium after passing through the heat-storage heat exchanger, wherein
the flow-passage switching device switches the flow passage from the first flow passage to the second flow passage, when the first temperature becomes higher than or equal to a usage temperature of the heat usage medium.

US Pat. No. 10,890,354

SYSTEM FOR FACILITATING THE CLEANING OF A MINI-SPLIT AIR HANDLING UNIT

CROSSFORD International, ...

1. A system for collecting waste fluid and debris resulting from cleaning of an air conditioning air handler assembly mounted in a supporting wall, comprising:a) a one-piece shroud disposable on said air conditioning air handler assembly, said shroud including a hood portion and a funnel portion connected by left and right side portions, said shroud having a front opening and a rear opening between said hood portion and said funnel portion;
b) a left side bracket and a right side bracket having respective left and right flanges disposable between respective left and right sides of said air conditioning air handler assembly and said wall;
c) at least one cinchable drawstring disposed in at least one of said hood portion, said left side bracket, said right side bracket, and said funnel portion to secure said system to said air conditioning air handler assembly;
d) an upper supportive rib disposed in a front hem in said hood portion and having left and right hooked ends for engaging slots in said left side bracket and said right side bracket, respectively; and
e) a lower supportive rib disposed in a front hem in said funnel portion and having left and right hooked ends for engaging said left side bracket and said right side bracket, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,890,353

CENTRIFUGAL PUMP FLOW MODIFIER

Aspen Pumps Limited, Hai...

1. A centrifugal pump comprising:a pumping chamber having:
an inner surface defining a pump cavity
a pump inlet defined in a first side of the pumping chamber;
a shaft opening defined substantially centrally in a second side of the pumping chamber, the second side opposing the first side and arranged to be above the first side, in use; and
a pump outlet;
an impeller retained within the pump cavity; and
a shaft member mechanically connected to the impeller through the shaft opening, whereby rotation of the shaft member causes rotation of the impeller about a shaft axis passing through the shaft opening and movement of a pumping liquid from the pump inlet towards the pump outlet,
wherein the centrifugal pump further comprises a flow modifier provided adjacent to an outer surface of the pumping chamber at the shaft opening to prevent ingress of air into the pump cavity through the shaft opening during operation of the pump even when a water level in a liquid tank surrounding the pumping chamber drops below a level of the shaft opening, wherein the flow modifier comprises:
an annular portion having defined therein a further shaft opening spaced from the shaft opening and having the shaft member passing therethrough,
wherein the centrifugal pump comprises a spacing member spacing the annular portion from the outer surface, and the flow modifier defines a liquid overflow outlet for liquid flow from the shaft opening in a direction substantially transverse to the shaft axis, wherein:
(a) the liquid overflow outlet is sized to prevent the ingress of air into the pump cavity through the shaft opening during operation of the pump, even when the water level in the liquid tank surrounding the pumping chamber drops below the level of the shaft opening; and/or wherein
(b) the annular portion comprises a first portion having defined therein the further shaft opening and a second portion extending towards the outer surface from the first portion and defining the liquid overflow outlet, wherein the annular portion defines a stabiliser cavity extending between the shaft opening and the further shaft opening and configured to remain filled with liquid during operation of the pump, even when the water level in the liquid tank surrounding the pumping chamber drops below the level of the shaft opening.

US Pat. No. 10,890,352

AIR HANDLING UNIT

CARRIER CORPORATION, Pal...

1. Air handling unit comprising a structural frame, the air handling unit comprising air handling components enclosed within a housing, at least one of said components having a rectangular shape arranged orthogonally to an air flow direction (F1, F2), and mounted by its edges on the structural frame, wherein the at least one of the components is mounted by one of its edges on a movable rail, the movable rail mounted in a sliding manner in a stationary rail integral with the structural frame or the housing, the movable rail being extractable with respect to the stationary rail out of the housing so that the component can be extracted from the air handling unit,wherein the moveable rail is mounted to a first edge of the component, wherein a second edge of the component opposite the first edge of the component lacks a moveable rail.

US Pat. No. 10,890,351

HYDRONIC SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH HYDRONIC SYSTEM

BELIMO HOLDING AG, Hinwi...

1. A hydronic system (HS) comprising:at least one hydronic circuit (HC; 10; 20),
a control (CT) for controlling the operation of said at least one hydronic circuit (HC; 10; 20) via a control path (CP) that communicates an exchange of control signals and operating parameters, whereby said control (CT) comprises a feed forward controller (FFC; 23) and an alternative controller (AC), and
a control improvement path (CIP) running from said at least one hydronic circuit (HC; 10; 20) to said control (CT),
wherein said alternative controller (AC) can replace the feed forward controller (FFC) and the feed forward controller (FFC) can replace the alternative controller (AC),
whereby said control (CT) can be improved in the case of said hydronic system (HS) becoming instable and/or showing poor system control.

US Pat. No. 10,890,350

NETWORKED AIR QUALITY MONITORING

INTWINE CONNECT, LLC, Ch...

1. A device, comprising:a memory to store machine instructions; and
a processor, coupled to the memory, that executes the machine instructions to perform operations, comprising:
receiving an ambient value of ambient values from a sensor device of a group of sensor devices, wherein the sensor device is located in a habitable structure;
as a function of the ambient value, establishing a baseline threshold value for the habitable structure; and
based on the baseline threshold value, adjusting a parameter value associated with the sensor device.

US Pat. No. 10,890,349

COMPOUND CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF IN AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of a server in an air conditioning system, the method comprising:determining a schedule duration for a compound control zone in which a compound control operation for controlling a ventilating operation of a ventilating apparatus and a cooling/heating operation of an air conditioning apparatus will be performed;
determining a ventilating schedule based on an air state change; and
determining a cooling/heating schedule,
wherein determining the ventilating schedule based on the air state change comprises;
predicting a carbon dioxide (CO2)concentration during the schedule duration;
predicting a difference between an indoor temperature and an outdoor temperature of the compound control zone; and
determining to turn on the ventilating apparatus during a time duration for which the CO2 concentration is greater than a threshold CO2 concentration and the difference is less than a threshold difference.

US Pat. No. 10,890,348

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air conditioning system comprising:an air conditioner that includes an outdoor unit including an outside air temperature sensor to detect an outside air temperature and an indoor unit including an indoor unit controller to control air conditioning operation, the indoor unit being communicable with the outdoor unit; and
a remote controller communicable with the indoor unit,
wherein
the remote controller includes:
a schedule storage to store information on an operation schedule of the air conditioner for each date and time set in advance, a reference temperature for determining an operation mode of the air conditioner, and an outside air temperature correction value for correcting the outside air temperature; and
an operation mode determiner to select the operation mode from among cooling, blowing, and heating using the information on the operation schedule, a corrected outside air temperature obtained through correction of the outside air temperature with the outside air temperature correction value, and the reference temperature,
the indoor unit controller controls the air conditioning operation using the reference temperature as a target temperature in the operation mode determined by the operation mode determiner, and
the operation mode determiner is configured to:
calculate a cooling selection temperature that is the corrected outside air temperature for selecting the cooling as the operation mode by adding the outside air temperature correction value to the outside air temperature and a heating selection temperature that is the corrected outside air temperature for selecting the heating as the operation mode by subtracting the outside air temperature correction value from the outside air temperature;
determine that a first condition is satisfied when the reference temperature is lower than the cooling selection temperature;
determine that a second condition is satisfied when the reference temperature is higher than the heating selection temperature;
select the cooling as the operation mode when the reference temperature satisfies the first condition but does not satisfy the second condition;
select the heating as the operation mode when the reference temperature satisfies the second condition but does not satisfy the first condition; and
select the blowing as the operation mode when the reference temperature satisfies the first condition and the second condition.

US Pat. No. 10,890,347

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AIR CONDITIONER

Qingdao Haier Air Conditi...

1. A method for controlling an air conditioner, the method comprising:acquiring an indoor temperature in an air conditioner control region and an initial user-set temperature of the air conditioner; and
adjusting the initial user-set temperature when the indoor temperature meets a preset condition, wherein energy consumption corresponding to the adjusted set temperature being lower than energy consumption corresponding to the initial user-set temperature,
wherein when the air conditioner is operated in a heating mode, the preset condition comprises the indoor temperature is greater than or equal to a first temperature value and the adjusted set temperature is lower than the initial user-set temperature, and
wherein the adjusting the initial user-set temperature comprises,
adjusting, when the initial user-set temperature is greater than a second temperature value, the initial user-set temperature to the second temperature value, and
reducing the initial user-set temperature when the initial user-set temperature is less than or equal to the second temperature value, wherein the adjusted set temperature is greater than or equal to the first temperature value.

US Pat. No. 10,890,346

EXTREMUM-SEEKING CONTROL SYSTEM FOR ON/OFF SYSTEMS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An extremum-seeking control system comprising:an on/off system operable to affect a variable state or condition of a building by switching between an on state and an off state;
a controller configured to operate the on/off system by providing a pulse width modulated (PWM) control signal having a duty cycle to the on/off system, the PWM control signal causing the on/off system to operate to affect the variable state or condition of the building;
wherein the controller is configured to generate the PWM control signal by:
receiving a performance variable as feedback from the on/off system;
extracting a gradient of the performance variable with respect to the duty cycle;
modulating the duty cycle using an extremum-seeking control technique to determine an optimal value of the duty cycle that drives the gradient toward zero; and
generating the PWM control signal such that each period of the PWM control signal has a pulse width proportional to the duty cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,890,345

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR A COMMISSIONING A SENSOR SYSTEM

Verdigris Technologies, I...

1. A method of facilitating configuration of at least one sensor with data transmitter communicatively coupled to an analysis engine for a building management system, wherein an application is configured to be run on a mobile device and interact with the at least one sensor, the method comprising: communicating, by the application, with the at least one sensor to display a visual indicator; capturing, data representative of the visual indicator; and associating the at least one sensor with a circuit of a building power system based on the captured data, where the method further comprises capturing data representative of a distribution panel of the building power system, and identifying, based on the data representative of the distribution panel, the circuit to be associated with the at least one sensor, providing guidance, by the application, to set up a voltage tap on a breaker to power the at least one sensor and data transmitter based on the association of the at least one sensor and the circuit; and wherein the capturing data representative of the distribution panel comprises one or more of capturing spatial information associated with placement of circuits within the distribution panel and detecting color information associated with wires of the circuits within the distribution panel.

US Pat. No. 10,890,344

ENVIRONMENT CONTROL SYSTEM UTILIZING AN ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

Xergy Inc., Harrington, ...

1. An environment control system that is coupled with an enclosure and comprises:a) an oxygen control electrolyzer cell, wherein the oxygen control electrolyzer cell comprises:
i) an ion exchange medium;
ii) an anode;
iii) a cathode;
iv) a membrane electrode assembly (MEA) air moving device that produces a flow of process air onto the anode of the oxygen control electrolyzer cell;
wherein the anode and cathode are configured on opposing sides of the ion exchange medium;
wherein the oxygen control electrolyzer cell is in fluid communication with said enclosure; and wherein a power source is coupled with the anode and cathode to provide an electrical potential across the anode and the cathode to initiate electrolysis of water, wherein water is reacted to form reactants on the anode and the cathode to control the humidity level of the enclosure;
b) a humidification control device;
c) a controller that is coupled with the power source and the oxygen control electrolyzer cell to control electrical potential across the anode and the cathode;
wherein an oxygen concentration within the enclosure is controlled by the oxygen control electrolyzer and a humidity level is controlled within the enclosure by the humidification control device;
d) an oxygen control chamber;
e) a humidity control chamber;
wherein the humidification control device is in fluid communication with the humidity control chamber; and
f) a separator configured between the oxygen control chamber and the humidity control chamber for transporting moisture between said oxygen and humidity control chambers;
wherein the separator is substantially air impermeable;
wherein the oxygen control electrolyzer cell controls the oxygen concentration within the oxygen control chamber; and
wherein the humidification control device controls the humidity level in the humidity control chamber;
wherein the oxygen control electrolyzer cell is an oxygen depletion electrolyzer cell having the cathode of the oxygen control electrolyzer cell in fluid communication with the enclosure; and
wherein the humidification control device is a dehumidification device that reduces the humidity level of the humidity control chamber;
wherein the humidity level of the oxygen control chamber is reduced by
moisture transfer through the separator to the humidity control chamber; and
wherein the dehumidification device comprises a dehumidification electrolyzer cell;
wherein the dehumidification electrolyzer cell comprises:
i) an ionomer;
ii) an anode;
iii) a cathode;
wherein the anode and cathode of the dehumidification electrolyzer cell are configured on opposing sides of the ionomer and wherein said anode of the dehumidification electrolyzer cell is in fluid communication with the humidity control chamber;
wherein a power source is coupled with the anode and cathode of the dehumidification electrolyzer cell to provide an electrical potential across the anode and the cathode of the dehumidification electrolyzer cell to initiate electrolysis of water, wherein water is reacted to form oxygen and protons on said anode of the dehumidification electrolyzer cell and said protons react with oxygen at said cathode of the dehumidification electrolyzer cell to form water.

US Pat. No. 10,890,343

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF AIR POLLUTION EXPOSURES USING PERSONAL DEVICES

GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED ...

1. A personal device of a user which receives geocoded outdoor air pollution, outdoor weather condition data from outdoor sensors, and satellite image data, and personal condition data from wearable sensors, the personal device comprising:a display unit to enable the user to enter personal information including home condition data and user characteristics;
an accelerometer which detects a physical activity level of the user;
a personal device locator which determines a location of the personal device; and
a processing unit which determines building footprints from the satellite image data, determines a microenvironment location based upon the building footprints and the determined location, and uses the geocoded outdoor air pollution and outdoor wind speed and temperature data, the personal condition information, the physical activity level of the user, and the microenvironment to assess air pollution exposure and dose of the user;
wherein:
the personal device generates a notification to the user to modify behavior or at least one automated home condition that is controlled by the home condition data based upon the assessed air pollution exposure and dose of the user; and
the processing unit uses the microenvironment and a time-micro-environment model to distinguish between at least two of the following microenvironments:
outdoors, inside a home, inside a vehicle, inside a school, inside a workplace, or inside another type of building.

US Pat. No. 10,890,342

FIRE VENTILATION SYSTEM

1. A fire ventilation system, comprising:a frame having an open central area;
wherein the frame is configured to removably secure to an opening;
a flange extending away from an inner perimeter of the frame;
the frame forming a tube extending along an outer perimeter of the frame;
an inlet disposed on the tube, the inlet in fluid communication with an interior volume of the tube;
a gap disposed through the tube along the inner perimeter of the frame, the gap configured to expel fluid therefrom;
a central column for separating the open central area, said central column extending between an upper portion of the frame and a lower portion of the frame, wherein the central column is in fluid communication with the tube;
wherein the gap is configured to expel fluid towards the flange, such that the fluid is guided along the flange to crease a pressure differential between opposing sides of the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,890,341

MULTI-ZONE VARIABLE REFRIGERANT FLOW HEATING/COOLING UNIT

MJC, Inc., Acworth, GA (...

1. An air conditioning unit, comprising:a housing that encloses:
a first zone duct attachment to provide the supply air from the supply air inlet to a first coil used to heat or cool air entering a first zone, wherein the first zone comprises a first portion of space to which heated or cooled air is provided,
a second zone duct attachment to provide supply air from the air conditioning unit supply air inlet to a second coil used to heat or cool air entering a second zone, wherein the second zone comprises a second portion of space to which heated or cooled air is provided,
a recovery wheel/plate for reclaiming energy from exhaust air from a return/exhaust fan,
the first coil to heat the supply air to a first zone when the first coil is in a heating mode of operation and to cool the supply air to the first zone when the first coils is in a cooling mode of operation,
the second coil to heat the supply air to the second zone when the second coil is in a heating mode of operation and to cool the supply air to the second zone when the second coil is in a cooling mode of operation,
a variable speed cooling pump to supply the cooling medium to the first coil when the first coil is in a cooling mode of operation, and, supply the cooling medium to the second coil when the second coil is in a cooling mode of operation,
a variable speed heating pump to supply the heating medium to the first coil when the first coil is in a heating mode of operation, and, supply the heating medium to the second coil when the second coil is in a heating mode of operation, and
a mode control unit operable to switch the first coil or the second coil from the cooling mode of operation to the heating mode of operation by switching a fluid moving through the first coil or the second coil from the cooling medium to the heating medium, and the mode control unit is further operable to switch the first coil or the second coil from the heating mode of operation to the cooling mode of operation by switching the fluid moving though the first coil or the second coil from the heating medium to the cooling medium.

US Pat. No. 10,890,340

CLAMP FOR MOUNTING A BRACKET AT AN OFFSET FROM A WALL, METHOD FOR MOUNTING A BRACKET ON A WALL AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING A COMPRESSOR ON A WALL

1. A clamp, comprising:a lower section having a generally U-shaped cross-section forming a channel extending along a first axis, the channel having a generally flat bottom and two sides extending from the bottom along a second axis perpendicular to the first axis, a plurality of openings being formed in the bottom of the channel; and
an upper section comprising two elongate plates extending from the two sides of the channel along the first axis, the two elongate plates being offset along the second axis from the bottom of the channel, a plurality of apertures pierced along a third axis perpendicular to the first and second axes being distributed along the first axis on each of the two elongate plates, the apertures formed in one of the two elongate plates being coaxial with corresponding apertures formed in the other one of the two elongate plates.

US Pat. No. 10,890,339

CEILING TYPE AIR CONDITIONER AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

14. A ceiling type air conditioner comprising:a panel located on a ceiling surface;
a first vane group located at outlets formed at two opposing sides of four sides of the panel;
a second vane group located at outlets formed at the other two opposing sides of the four sides of the panel; and
a controller configured to control rotation positions of the first vane group and the second vane group, wherein each of the first vane group and the second vane group includes:
an upper discharge vane; and
a lower discharge vane located below the upper discharge vane and rotating along with the upper discharge vane, wherein the controller sets the rotation positions to any one of a plurality of angle groups defined by a first rotation angle of the upper discharge vane and a second rotation angle of the lower discharge vane.

US Pat. No. 10,890,338

WATER SYSTEM WITH A CONTINUOUS FLOW HEATER AND A FLUSHING STATION

1. A water system with:a warm water line supplying at least one first consumer connected thereto with warm water;
a continuous flow heater connected to the warm water line, wherein cold water introduced into the continuous flow heater is heated;
a flushing station connected to the warm water line for flushing the warm water line;
wherein the flushing station comprises a waste port and a flushing valve for discharging water in the warm water line (3) into the waste port (26);
a control device for opening or closing the flushing valve of the flushing station; and
a temperature sensor associated with the continuous flow heater for measuring the temperature of water contained in the continuous flow heater;
wherein the control device is configured to open the flushing valve of the flushing station as soon as a heating operation of the continuous flow heater has been switched off; and
wherein the control device is configured to close the flushing valve of the flushing station once the temperature measured by the temperature sensor drops below a predetermined setpoint temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,890,337

RETRACTABLE STOVETOP SHIELDING SCREEN

1. A retractable stovetop shielding screen comprising:a roller, a screen, a stiffening member, a pull-down grip, a retaining loop, a left mounting bracket, and a right mounting bracket;
wherein the retractable stovetop shielding screen is a protective screen that deploys vertically from a location on the front of an above-stove support and removably couples to a door handle on an oven;
wherein the retractable stovetop shielding screen is adapted to prevent children and pets from contacting a stove top or cookware on the stove top;
wherein the retractable stovetop shielding screen provides visibility of the cookware through the screen when deployed;
wherein the retaining loop is a flexible strap;
wherein the flexible strap comprises free ends that attach to each other to form the retaining loop;
wherein the retaining loop is coupled to the pull-down grip;
wherein the retaining loop is opened by separating the ends of the flexible strap and is closed by fastening the ends of the flexible strap to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,890,336

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MULTIZONE OVEN

Alto-Shaam, Inc., Menomo...

1. A multi-cavity oven comprising:a housing defining an interior cooking volume subdivided into a set of independent oven cavities where each oven cavity provides a separate blower communicating with the oven cavity to circulate air therein, a separate heater and a thermal sensor placed in the circulated air
further including a controller receiving a control set point and a signal from the thermal sensor to control the heater for each oven cavity independently;
a memory holding to a set of different cooking schedules each providing at least one control set point;
wherein the controller operates to output instructions to a user guiding assignment of a given cooking schedule to an oven cavity according to at least one control set point of the given cooking schedule.

US Pat. No. 10,890,335

COOKING DEVICE

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A cooking device comprising:a main body having a cooking space for cooking food;
a base disposed at a lower side of the main body, the base comprising a ventilation apparatus configured to suction and discharge contaminated air, the ventilation apparatus being connected to the lower side of the main body and having an introduction port;
a swirler configured to rotate to cause the contaminated air to be introduced through the introduction port of the base, the swirler comprising a plurality of wings;
a driving motor installed at the base and configured to generate power for rotating the swirler; and
a movable member connected to the base and configured to be inserted into and withdrawn from the base, the movable member being configured to, based on being withdrawn from the base, block rising of the contaminated air generated when food is cooked by a lower cooking device located under the ventilation apparatus,
wherein the movable member is configured to move with respect to the swirler and the driving motor.

US Pat. No. 10,890,334

HINGE ASSEMBLY WITH SLOW CLOSE AND/OR SLOW OPEN CHARACTERISTICS

Mansfield Engineered Comp...

1. A hinge assembly for an associated appliance door, said hinge assembly comprising:an arm;
a lever adapted to be connected to the associated appliance door, the lever comprising an inner end pivotally connected to the arm and an outer end spaced from said inner end, said lever and arm adapted to pivot relative to each other about a main pivot axis between a first position that corresponds to a closed position of the associated appliance door and a second position that corresponds to an opened position of the associated appliance door, wherein said lever and arm pivot relative to each other through an intermediate position located between the first and second positions when the lever and arm pivot between the first and second positions;
a slide link located adjacent the lever and comprising a slide link inner end and a slide link outer end spaced from said slide link inner end, said slide link inner end pivotally connected to the arm at a location that is offset from said main pivot axis such that relative pivoting movement between said lever and said arm about said main pivot axis results in movement of the slide link relative to the lever;
a damper engagement portion included on the slide link;
a biasing system for urging the arm and lever toward said first position;
a damper system that damps pivoting movement between the arm and the lever for at least part of the pivoting movement between the arm and the lever when the arm and lever pivot relative to each other from the first position toward the second position, said damper system comprising a damper that is engaged by said damper engagement portion during at least part of the relative movement between the arm and the lever when the arm and lever pivot relative to each other from the first position toward the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,890,333

COOKING APPLIANCE COOLING FAN WITH OPTICAL SPEED SENSOR

MIDEA GROUP CO., LTD., G...

1. A cooking appliance, comprising:a housing including a cooking enclosure and a cooling passage for venting heat generated within the cooking enclosure;
a cooling fan in fluid communication with the cooling passage to provide a directed airflow within the cooling passage,
wherein the cooling fan includes a motor having a rotating motor shaft and a sensor disc configured to rotate with the motor shaft,
wherein the sensor disc includes a plurality of circumferentially-arranged portions on a surface of the sensor disc having varying optical characteristics; and
an optical sensor positioned to sense rotation of the cooling fan by sensing the plurality of circumferentially-arranged portions on the surface of the sensor disc.

US Pat. No. 10,890,332

OPERATING APPARATUS FOR AN ELECTRICAL DEVICE, AND ELECTRICAL DEVICE

E.G.O. Elektro-Geraetebau...

1. Operating apparatus for an electrical device, said operating apparatus comprising:a flat control panel being closed and being at least regionally transparent,
lighting means underneath said control panel in order to shine through said control panel from below,
at least one holding magnet underneath said control panel,
a movable operating element that is arranged on a front side of said control panel so as to be able to move with respect to said lighting means and with respect to said at least one holding magnet, wherein said operating element is held magnetically,
at least one counter-magnet in or on said operating element for interacting with said at least one holding magnet through attractive magnetic force, such that said operating element, in case of an operating movement, is guided by said attractive magnetic force between said holding magnet and said counter-magnet, and such that said operating element is held on said control panel,
sensor means on or underneath said control panel, wherein said sensor means are designed to detect a position or a rotational position of said operating element,
wherein:
said operating element is transparent in a direction running from said lighting means to said operating element,
said operating element has a central region, a plurality of transparent regions providing the transparent nature of said operating element, and an outer edge surrounding said central region,
said plurality of transparent regions are disconnected from one another or separated from one another without transmitting light between one another,
said transparent regions of said operating element are provided at least in said central region of said operating element and at a distance from said outer edge of said operating element, and
said transparent regions of said operating element are formed by a multiplicity of light guides having an alignment parallel to one another and bearing against one another inside said operating element.

US Pat. No. 10,890,331

COOKING APPLIANCE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A cooking appliance, comprising:a main body having at least one heating source;
a panel disposed in the main body and provided with a through hole; and
a knob assembly coupled to the panel, the knob assembly including:
a knob including a knob base having a through hole,
at least one light source configured to emit light,
a first light guide passing through the through hole of the knob base and arranged to guide the light emitted from the light source, the first light guide including a cylinder with a plate having a recessed opening, the plate extending from an end of the cylinder; and
a second light guide partially inserted into the recessed opening in the first light guide and configured to guide the light guided by the first light guide to an outside of knob.

US Pat. No. 10,890,330

KNOB ASSEMBLY WITH DISPLAY DEVICE AND COOKING APPARATUS HAVING KNOB ASSEMBLY

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A knob assembly, comprising:a front panel forming a front surface of a cooking appliance;
a knob provided in front of the front panel and coupled to an adjustment shaft configured to adjust a power level of a power source; and
a knob ring provided between the front panel and the knob and configured to surround a periphery of the knob, the knob ring configured to be rotatable independent of the knob;
a knob ring encoder disposed behind the front panel configured to sense a rotation angle of the knob ring; and
a display assembly provided at an outer circumferential surface of the knob ring to rotate with the knob ring and configured to display a timer time set through rotation of the knob ring,
wherein the display assembly includes
a display housing provided in the knob ring,
a display provided in the display housing, and
a finishing cap coupled with a front surface of the display housing to cover the display.

US Pat. No. 10,890,329

FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

17. A fuel injector for a gas turbine engine, the fuel injector defining a fuel injector centerline axis and having an axially forward end, with respect to the fuel injector centerline axis, and having an axially aft end, with respect to the fuel injector centerline axis, the fuel injector comprising:a centerbody defining an air inlet opening defined substantially radially, relative to the fuel injector centerline axis, through the centerbody;
an outer sleeve surrounding the centerbody, wherein the outer sleeve defines a radially oriented first air inlet port defined radially outward, relative to the fuel injector centerline axis, of the air inlet opening at the centerbody, and further wherein a mixing passage is defined between the outer sleeve and the centerbody; and
an end wall coupled to the centerbody and the outer sleeve and positioned at the axially forward end,
wherein a first fuel injection port is defined substantially axially, along the fuel injector centerline axis, through the end wall to the mixing passage,
wherein the first fuel injection port defines a first fuel injection opening at the mixing passage between the radially oriented first air inlet port at the outer sleeve and the air inlet opening at the centerbody,
wherein a first forward face defines a part of the air inlet opening,
wherein a second forward face defines a part of the radially oriented first air inlet port,
wherein the end wall defines the first and second forward faces, and
wherein the first and second forward faces overlap each other in a radial direction of the fuel injector, and an outlet of the air inlet opening and an outlet of the radially oriented first air inlet port at least partially overlap each other in the radial direction of the fuel injector.

US Pat. No. 10,890,328

FIN-PIN FLOW GUIDE FOR EFFICIENT TRANSITION PIECE COOLING

Doosan Heavy Industries C...

1. A transition piece, comprising:an inner transition piece including an inlet and an outlet and having a center line representing an imaginary line between an inlet center of the inlet and an outlet center of the outlet;
an outer transition piece surrounding the inner transition piece to form a flow passage in which cooling air flows between the inner transition piece and the outer transition piece; and
a plurality of fin-pin flow guides disposed in the flow passage and configured to redirect and redistribute a flow of the cooling air in the flow passage, each of the plurality of fin-pin flow guides formed of a symmetric arrangement of fin-pins having opposite slants with respect to the center line, the plurality of fin-pin flow guides including:
an outlet fin-pin flow guide located closer to the outlet than the inlet,
a bottom fin-pin flow guide disposed at a bottom portion of the inner transition piece, and
a side fin-pin flow guide disposed at a side portion of the inner transition piece and configured to guide the flow of the cooling air from the bottom fin-pin flow guide to the outlet fin-pin flow guide.

US Pat. No. 10,890,327

LINER OF A GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR INCLUDING DILUTION HOLES WITH AIRFLOW FEATURES

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A gas turbine engine combustor comprising:a liner defining at least in part:
a combustion chamber,
a first side exposed to the combustion chamber,
a second side opposite the first side,
a plurality of cooling holes extending from the second side to the first side, and
a dilution hole extending from the second side to the first side,
wherein the dilution hole is larger in diameter than each of the plurality of cooling holes,
wherein the liner comprises an airflow feature on the first side of the liner adjacent to the dilution hole, a mass of which extends into the combustion chamber to increase a cooling of the liner,
wherein the combustion chamber defines an airflow direction over the dilution hole on the first side of the liner and a transverse direction perpendicular to the airflow direction,
wherein the airflow feature is positioned adjacent to the dilution hole along the transverse direction,
wherein the dilution hole of the liner is a first dilution hole, wherein the liner further defines a second dilution hole spaced from the first dilution hole along the transverse direction, and
wherein the airflow feature is positioned between the first dilution hole and the second dilution hole.

US Pat. No. 10,890,326

FLAME RECTIFICATION CIRCUIT USING OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER

Robertshaw Controls Compa...

1. A flame sense circuit configured to receive a first voltage produced by an AC signal source and a flame rectification probe, the flame sense circuit comprising:an operation amplifier having an inverting input adapted to receive the first voltage, a non-inverting input, and an output;
a first resistor (R2) connected on a negative feedback loop between the output and the inverting input of the operational amplifier;
a second resistor (R1), (R1) being connected to the inverting input;
a microcontroller configured to detect a second voltage from the output of the operational amplifier to determine whether a flame is present at the flame rectification probe; and
a flame check reset circuit, the flame check reset circuit comprising:
a transistor having a base, a collector, and an emitter, wherein the collector is operably connected to the inverting input of the operational amplifier; and
a flame check reset output that provides a third voltage to the base of the transistor;
wherein a fourth voltage is supplied to the emitter;
wherein the transistor operates in the cut-off mode when the third voltage is higher than the fourth voltage and, while the transistor is in the cut-off mode, the second voltage of the operational amplifier that is output to the microcontroller depends on the presence and quality of the flame; and
wherein the transistor operates in the forward-active mode when the third voltage is less than the fourth voltage and, while the transistor is in the forward-active mode, the second voltage of the operational amplifier is compared to a predetermined reset check expected voltage in the microcontroller to determine if a component has failed.

US Pat. No. 10,890,325

FLAME ARRESTOR

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A flame arrestor comprising:a collar configured to connect the flame arrestor to a portion of an enclosure, the collar having one or more openings configured to allow gas associated with said enclosure to flow into the flame arrestor, and one or more flame paths disposed within the collar and including one or more grooves configured to transfer the gas from a first side of the one or more flame paths to a second side of the one or more flame paths; and
a plug configured for connection to the collar, the plug having one or more exit apertures in communication with the second side of the one or more flame paths and configured to allow the gas to exit the flame arrestor;
wherein the plug includes a vertical path and radial paths connected thereto, wherein the gas enters the plug directly from the enclosure into the vertical path to the radial paths, and from the radial paths to the first side of the one or more flame paths, and wherein the plug has a unitary structure.

US Pat. No. 10,890,324

OXY-FUEL TORCH HAVING QUICK CONNECTION MEANS

LINCOLN ELECTRIC ITALIA S...

1. An oxy-fuel torch comprising:a handle by which the torch can be manipulated;
at least two gas channels arranged through said handle for conveying at least a flow of fuel gas and a flow of oxidizing gas between respective inlets ports and outlet ports; and
inlet connectors in fluidic communication with each inlet ports, the inlet connectors being configured to fluidly connect each inlet port to a corresponding gas hose via intermediate connection means,
wherein each inlet connector is a non-threaded connector and is permanently connected with each respective inlet port,
wherein the intermediate connection means comprise quick connectors, each of the inlet connectors having a male coupling portion configured to cooperate with a female head portion of each quick connector in order to retain said inlet connectors and said quick connectors in fastened configuration,
wherein each male coupling portion comprises a tubular member provided with at least one circumferential protrusion arranged at a predetermined distance from a free end of the tubular member so as to engage at least one bearing of the female head portion of each quick connector with said protrusion, and
wherein the handle extends parallel to a longitudinal axis between a front side located on a side of the outlet ports and a back side located on a side of the inlet ports, the handle comprising a peripheral wall extending beyond the free end of the tubular member of each male coupling portion and defining a bore, wherein the inlet connectors are located completely within the bore.

US Pat. No. 10,890,323

CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILER WITH A LOOPSEAL HEAT EXCHANGER

Valmet Technologies Oy, ...

1. A circulating fluidized bed boiler, comprisinga furnace,
a cyclone for separating bed material from gases,
a loopseal, and
a loopseal heat exchanger arranged in the loopseal,
the loopseal heat exchanger comprising:
walls limiting an interior of the loopseal heat exchanger,
a first particle outlet for letting out particulate material from the loopseal heat exchanger,
an inlet for receiving bed material from the furnace via the cyclone,
heat exchanger tubes arranged in the interior of the loopseal heat exchanger,
a first ash removal channel configured to let out ash from the loopseal heat exchanger, and
an ash cooler configured to receive ash from the first ash removal channel such that the ash is not conveyed via the furnace from the loopseal heat exchanger to the ash cooler,
wherein:
the first ash removal channel is arranged at a lower level than the first particle outlet,
the walls limit a first compartment comprising the inlet for receiving bed material and a second compartment comprising the heat exchanger tubes,
a first wall of the walls separates the first compartment from the second compartment and limits a first channel for conveying bed material from the first compartment to the second compartment, and
the first ash removal channel is configured to let out ash from either the first compartment or the second compartment.

US Pat. No. 10,890,322

COMBI STOVE AND USE OF A COMBI STOVE

1. A stove arranged for combusting granular material, said stove comprising,a granular material combustion area including a bottom combustion surface,
granular material feeder arranged for feeding granular material up into said granular material combustion area from a granular material storage arranged beneath said granular material combustion area,
wherein said granular material feeder comprises a curving auger,
wherein said granular material feeder further comprises a further auger.

US Pat. No. 10,890,321

COMBUSTOR FOR VARIOUS TYPES OF SOLID FUELS

1. A solid fuel combustion device comprising:a fuel supply device including a firewood feed pipe or another fuel supplier;
a primary combustion chamber coupled to the fuel supply device, wherein a combustion gas outlet formed in one side surface or at a lower side of the primary combustion chamber and the remaining surfaces thereof are blocked by a wall formed of a fireproof material so that primary combustion is performed;
a secondary combustion chamber including a wall formed of a fireproof material and having a structure in which a space is formed at a side of the combustion gas outlet of the primary combustion chamber to induce primary combustion gas to be secondarily expanded and combusted, a flow direction of secondary combustion gas is switched after the expansion and combustion to form a path such that the secondary combustion gas comes into contact with and flows along external walls of the entire primary combustion chamber and intensively transfers secondary combustion heat to a fuel in a combustion region of the primary combustion chamber by conduction and radiation; and
an air supply system including at least one air supply device in an entire combustion path formed in the primary combustion chamber and the secondary combustion chamber,
wherein the entire primary combustion chamber is arranged at an upper portion of inside the secondary combustion chamber,
wherein the primary combustion chamber is configured to have at a distance from a bottom surface of the secondary combustion chamber and to expose an entire bottom external wall of the primary combustion chamber inside the secondary combustion chamber,
wherein the combustion gas outlet of the primary combustion chamber is configured to face a first side wall of the secondary combustion chamber, and a combustion gas outlet of the secondary combustion chamber is formed on a second side wall of the secondary combustion chamber opposite to the first side wall so that the secondary combustion gas comes into contact with and flows along the external walls of the entire primary combustion chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,890,320

CUSTOMIZABLE AND PORTABLE FUEL TORCH DISPLAY ASSEMBLY

Kiki Torches Inc, Lauder...

1. A fuel torch display assembly comprising:a base member having a bottom wall with an inside surface and a sidewall surrounding the bottom wall, the inside surface of the base member supporting a fuel canister with a distal end;
an inner canister member with an enclosed sidewall having a lower end coupled to the base member, an upper end, an inner surface, an outer surface opposing the inner surface, a can channel defined by the inner surface of the enclosed sidewall of the inner canister member, and a distal opening defined by the upper end of inner canister member, the can channel with the fuel canister disposed therein;
an outer canister member with an enclosed sidewall having an inner surface and of a transparent material defined on a portion thereon, a lower end, an upper end defining an upper opening and opposite the lower end of the enclosed sidewall, and an inner surface with a radial retention flange having:
an upper wall extending from a first end radially inward from the inner surface of the outer canister member toward the can channel and terminating at a second end opposite the first end; and
a sidewall with a first end extending in a longitudinal direction from the second end of the upper wall of the radial retention flange toward the bottom wall of the base member and terminating at a second end opposite the first end of the sidewall of the radial retention flange, the upper wall and sidewall of the radial retention flange defining an inner canister member retention zone with the enclosed sidewall of the inner canister member disposed therein and the outer surface of the enclosed sidewall of the inner canister member and the inner surface of the enclosed sidewall of the outer canister member defining and flanking an indicia medium placement zone with an indicia medium selectively removably disposed therein and adjacent to the portion of the enclosed sidewall of the transparent material, thereby displaying an indicia disposed on the indicia medium to an outside ambient environment of the fuel torch assembly;
an umbrella cover removably coupled to the outer canister member and enclosing and defining an exit aperture with the distal end of the fuel canister disposed therein; and
a cap removably coupled to the umbrella cover and superimposing the exit aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,890,319

PASSIVE AIR HANDLER TROFFER LIGHT

1. A troffer light fixture configured to be installed in a ceiling, comprising:a troffer body shaped to reflect or disperse light from a light source; and
the light source, wherein the light source comprises one or more light emitting diodes (LEDs) attached to a first side of the troffer body, and
wherein the troffer body comprises two or more vents that are configured to pass air from below the ceiling and from just under the first side of the troffer body to open space on a second side of the troffer body, wherein the open space is above the ceiling and outside the troffer light fixture, and wherein the troffer light fixture is configured to allow the air to flow unrestricted from below the ceiling and from just under the first side of the troffer body to the two or more vents without the air flowing directly past the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,890,318

HERMETICALLY SEALED LED LIGHT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A HERMETICALLY SEALED LED LIGHT

SCHOTT AG, Mainz (DE)

1. A hermetically sealed LED light, comprising:a base made of ceramic with a plurality of LEDs thereon;
a metal cap having a channel for each of the plurality of LED's extending therethrough, each of the channels having an upper end and a lower end, the metal cap being soldered to the base by a gold-tin solder;
a plurality of glass windows hermetically sealed to the metal cap at the upper end of each of the channels, the plurality of windows having a lenticular shape that does not protrude from the metal cap in the axial direction of the channel; and
a component channel extending through the base and through the metal cap, for introducing an electrical, optical, or mechanical component.

US Pat. No. 10,890,317

MODULE FOR MOTOR VEHICLE COMPRISING AN OPTICAL ELEMENT FIXED TO A HEATSINK WITH POSTS AND A LIGHT SOURCE FIXED TO A FIXING ZONE OF A HEATSINK

Valeo Vision, Bobigny (F...

1. A light module for a motor vehicle comprising:a light source;
an electronic support;
a driver device arranged on the electronic support and configured to drive an electrical supply of the light source; and
a heatsink comprising a plurality of orifices and a raised fixing zone wherein the light source is fixed onto the raised fixing zone of the heatsink; and
an optical module adapted to cooperate with light rays emitted by the light source of the light module, the optical module comprising a plurality of posts configured to engage the plurality of orifices respectively, such that the light source is optically coupled to the optical module.

US Pat. No. 10,890,316

LIGHTING FIXTURE WITH HIGH STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY

IDEAL Industries Lighting...

1. An outdoor lighting fixture comprising:a light source;
a housing comprising a receiving region in communication with a rear opening of the housing and configured to receive a tenon of a light pole; and
a cradle assembly attached to the receiving region of the housing, the cradle assembly comprising a cradle body with a stepped structure forming a plurality of platforms configured to receive an end of the tenon of the light pole at a selected one of a plurality of different levels.

US Pat. No. 10,890,315

UNIVERSAL MOUNTING ASSEMBLY

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A luminaire mounting assembly comprising:a top mounting component having a top body defining an interior chamber and configured to receive a luminaire, wherein the top mounting component is configured to be connected to a horizontal support and configured to be connected a pendant mount;
a side mounting component having a base configured to connect to a vertical support and a body portion extending from the base, wherein the body portion is configured to connect to the top mounting component; and
a stanchion adaptor configured to connect to the side mounting component and having a stanchion opening configured to receive a stanchion mount,
wherein the side mounting component includes a pair of feet extending from the base to offset the base from the vertical support.

US Pat. No. 10,890,314

IN-ROOM ILLUMINATION APPARATUS FOR MOVABLE STRUCTURE, AND MOVABLE STRUCTURE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An in-room illumination apparatus for a movable structure, the in-room illumination apparatus comprising:a light source;
a holder that holds the light source; and
a bridge that is connected to the holder and presses the light source against the holder, wherein
the light source includes a spherical housing and a light emitting element, the light emitting element being inside the spherical housing,
the bridge includes, at a center part, a first contact region which is configured to be in contact with an outer surface of the light source at all times during use of the in-room illumination apparatus,
the light source includes, at the outer surface, a light source-side contact region that is configured to be in contact with the first contact region during the use of the in-room illumination apparatus,
at least one recess and at least one protrusion, which are configured to fit together, are in the first contact region and in the light source-side contact region,
the at least one recess is included in a first one of the first contact region and the light source-side contact region, while the at least one protrusion which is configured to fit together with the at least one recess is included a second one of the first contact region and the light source-side contact region, with the first one and the second one being different, and
a number of the at least one recess and the at least one protrusion in the first contact region is different than a number of the at least one recess and the at least one protrusion in the light source-side contact region.

US Pat. No. 10,890,313

OPTIC FOR A LIGHT SOURCE

ABL IP Holding LLC, Atla...

1. An optical assembly comprising:a. a circuit board having an upper surface on which at least one light source is positioned;
b. a first optic formed of a silicone body defining an inner surface and an outer surface of the first optic, wherein the first optic comprises first optical properties and wherein:
i. the first optic is positioned on the upper surface of the circuit board so as to entirely surround and encapsulate the at least one light source such that an air gap is formed between the at least one light source and the inner surface of the first optic; and
ii. the outer surface of the first optic is smooth about substantially an entirety of the outer surface of the first optic; and
c. a second optic formed of a homogenous silicone body defining an inner surface and an outer surface of the second optic, wherein the second optic comprises second optical properties and wherein at least a portion of the inner surface of the second optic is contiguous with the entirety of the outer surface of the first optic so as to entirely encapsulate the first optic.

US Pat. No. 10,890,312

DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING PROTRUDING PLATE

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A display device including a protruding plate, comprising:the protruding plate that has a first surface and a second surface on a side opposite to the first surface, and is made of natural wood;
a thin film layer that is disposed on the first surface of the protruding plate;
a transparent base material;
a first concealing layer;
a light diffusion layer;
a light color toning layer; and
a second concealing layer,
the transparent base material, the first concealing layer, the light diffusion layer, the light color toning layer, and the second concealing layer being disposed on a side of the second surface of the protruding plate,
wherein the first concealing layer has a dispositional relationship in which the first concealing layer is disposed closer to the protruding plate than the second concealing layer and the light color toning layer to the protruding plate,
wherein the transparent base material, the first concealing layer, the light diffusion layer, the light color toning layer, and the second concealing layer are disposed in an arbitrary order except for the dispositional relationship,
wherein the protruding plate has a greater thickness than the transparent base material, the transparent base material has a greater thickness than the thin film layer, and the thin film layer has a greater thickness than the second concealing layer,
wherein the second concealing layer, the first concealing layer, and the light diffusion layer have a same thickness,
wherein the light diffusion layer is thicker than the light color toning layer, and
wherein in light transmittance measured when light from a light source is radiated from the side of the second surface to a side of the first surface of the protruding plate,
the transparent base material and the thin film layer have a same light transmittance, and
the thin film layer has a higher light transmittance than the protruding plate, the protruding plate has a higher light transmittance than the light diffusion layer, the light diffusion layer has a higher light transmittance than the light color toning layer, the light color toning layer has a higher light transmittance than the first concealing layer, and the first concealing layer has a higher light transmittance than the second concealing layer.

US Pat. No. 10,890,311

RETROFIT LED LIGHTING SYSTEM FOR REPLACEMENT OF FLUORESCENT LAMP

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A retrofit LED lamp for replacement of ballast driven fluorescent lamp, comprising:a plurality of light emitting diodes;
a housing for fixing the position of the plurality of light emitting diodes;
a diffuser to diffuse the light emitted by the plurality of light emitting diodes, wherein the diffuser is mounted on the housing;
a printed circuit board capable of driving the plurality of light emitting diodes, wherein the printed circuit board converts the output from the fluorescent ballast into a DC voltage suitable for operating the plurality of light emitting diodes; and
a plug having a plurality of pins protruding from the plug, wherein the plug provides an electrical communication to the printed circuit board with the output of the ballast.

US Pat. No. 10,890,310

FREEZING PREVENTIVE LED LAMP

CRESLITE INC, Goyang-si ...

1. An LED lamp for prevention of freezing, comprising:a housing (110) opened at a front side thereof;
an LED unit (120) disposed inside the housing (110);
a lens (130) mounted at the opened front side of the housing (110) and configured to allow lighting light emitted from the LED unit (120) to transmit therethrough;
a heating member (140) disposed at the rear side of the lens and configured to generate heat by being supplied with power;
a sensor unit (150) disposed at the inside of the housing (110) and configured to sense the internal temperature of the housing (110); and
a control unit (200) configured to control the power supplied to the heating member (140) depending on the internal temperature of the housing (110), sensed by the sensor unit (150).

US Pat. No. 10,890,309

METHOD OF AIMING A HIGH DEFINITION PIXEL LIGHT MODULE

VALEO NORTH AMERICA, INC....

1. A method of aiming a light module for a vehicle, the method comprising:projecting at least one projected shape from a high definition pixel light source onto a receiving area of an aimer;
determining the center point or edges of the high definition pixel light source based on the at least one projected shape; and
adjusting the orientation of the light module to align the high definition pixel light source in a desired orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,890,308

CAR LAMP USING SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

ZKW Group GmbH, Wieselbu...

1. A car lamp, comprising:a half mirror having an upper surface and a lower surface, the half mirror being configured to reflect a part of light incident on the lower surface and discharge another part to an outside;
a reflector that is located below the half mirror and that faces the lower surface of the half mirror;
a transparent substrate that is located between the half mirror and the reflector and that is spaced apart from the half mirror by a predetermined distance;
a plurality of light sources that are located on the transparent substrate, that are located between the half mirror and the reflector, and that are configured to emit light toward the half mirror; and
metal electrodes located on the transparent substrate and configured to reflect light emitted from the light sources toward the half mirror, each of the metal electrodes covering at least a portion of one of the light sources and being configured to apply a voltage to the one of the light sources,
wherein the half mirror and the reflector are spaced apart from each other by a predetermined distance such that the light emitted from each of the light sources is repeatedly reflected by the half mirror and the reflector,
wherein each of the light sources is located on the reflector,
wherein the lamp further comprises an electrode located on the reflector and electrically connected to the light sources, and
wherein the light sources include a reflective film located between two of the light sources.

US Pat. No. 10,890,307

MULTI-FOCAL COLLIMATING LENS AND BI-FUNCTION HEADLIGHT ASSEMBLY

Lumileds LLC, San Jose, ...

1. A multi-focal collimating lens for a bi-function headlight assembly, comprising:a lower collimating lens part and an upper collimating lens part located on top of the lower collimating lens part in a vertical direction parallel to a vertical symmetry plane of the lower collimating lens part, one focal point of the lower collimating lens part being located on the vertical symmetry plane of the lower collimating lens part, and two focal points of the upper collimating lens part being symmetrically located on both sides of a vertical symmetry plane of the upper collimating lens part, so that, due to the arrangement of the one focal point and the two focal points, a cut-off line of a low beam can be generated in a far-field light pattern of the multi-focal collimating lens.

US Pat. No. 10,890,306

LIGHTGUIDE LENS FOR A VEHICLE HEADLIGHT

DOCTER OPTICS SE, Neusta...

1. A vehicle headlight comprising a headlight lens, the headlight lens comprising:a light input section having at least one light entry face, a light tunnel extending from the light entry face in a direction defining an optical axis, and a transition portion with at least one transition surface located opposite the light entry face and curved in a plane parallel to the optical axis;
a light passage section having an optically effective light exit face; wherein the light passage section is optically coupled to the transition portion such that the transition portion is imaged by the light passage section as a bright-dark boundary, and the light input section and the light passage section forming a monolithic body made of a transparent material, wherein at least a portion of an upper surface of the light tunnel is part of an ellipsoid whose major semiaxis extends in the lateral direction and with the minor semiaxis extending orthogonal to the optical axis and the lateral direction, the major semiaxis being longer than the minor semiaxis by at least 1.9 times.

US Pat. No. 10,890,305

LAMP FOR VEHICLE AND VEHICLE

ZKW Group GmbH, Wieselbu...

1. A lamp for a vehicle, comprising:an array module comprising a plurality of micro Light Emitting Diode (LED) chips that are arranged in one or more patterns and that are configured to generate light, the array module having a shape that is concave in a first direction,
wherein the array module further comprises a plurality of subarray modules,
wherein each of the plurality of subarray modules comprises at least one region having a width that increases in a direction from a center of the array module toward a periphery of the array module in a state in which the array module is arranged in one plane,
wherein each of the plurality of subarray modules comprises, in the state in which the array module is arranged in one plane:
a first side that extends from the center of the array module to the periphery of the array module, and
a second side that contacts the first side at the center of the array module and that extends from the center of the array module to the periphery of the array module, and
wherein the first side and the second side define a predetermined angle about the center of the array module.

US Pat. No. 10,890,304

HYBRID HEADLAMP SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Valeo North America, Inc....

1. A headlamp assembly, comprising:a first solid state light source module having a first laser light source that emits a first light beam having a first luminous intensity distribution and a second laser light source that emits a second light beam having a second luminous intensity distribution; and
a second solid state light source module that emits a third light beam having a third luminous intensity distribution that at least partially overlaps at least one of the first and second luminous intensity distributions,
where each light source module has an elliptical reflector formed from a continuous or separate segments with a light reflectivity (R) of about 0.80,
wherein the headlamp assembly generates a low beam distribution, and
wherein each luminous intensity distribution is a mapping of an intensity of light, in candelas, across various points of the respective beam pattern of each light source module,
wherein the first luminous intensity distribution includes at least one maximum intensity hot spot region, and
wherein the second luminous intensity distribution includes at least one concentrated intensity hot spot area that is smaller in area than the at least one maximum intensity hot spot region of the first luminous intensity distribution.

US Pat. No. 10,890,303

LAMP SHADE WITH ORNAMENTATION UTILIZING LIGHT PIPES

1. A lamp shade having ornamentation utilizing light pipes and fiber optics using light pipe technology to provide an ornamented shade, comprising:a main illuminator light source within a hollow truncated geometric shaped vessel lampshade, said vessel lampshade opened at both ends, including a continuous shaped light diffuser surface, extending between light emitting top and/or bottom geometrically shaped rims;
whereby light is transmitted from the interior of the lamp shade to illuminate said top and/or bottom geometrically shaped rims;
said light emitting top and/or bottom continuous geometrically shaped rims are translucent, where light is diffused and sent therethrough;
wherein said continuous geometrically shaped rims are formed by a plurality of arcuate light transmitting light pipe tile segments, which, when joined together, form said respective continuous geometrically shaped rims, where light is diffused and sent through said arcuate light pipe tile segments.

US Pat. No. 10,890,302

LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT WITH BATTERY BACKUP

1. A lighting arrangement comprising:a luminaire having a plurality of light emitting diodes in an array string, a first wiring extending from said array string and terminating in a first electrical plug connector, and a first housing, wherein said plurality of light emitting diodes in said array string is positioned in said first housing and said first electrical plug connector is positioned outside of said first housing;
a driver circuitry assembly for driving said plurality of light emitting diodes and including circuitry with a rectifier and an IC chip configured to drive said plurality of light emitting diodes with the rectified voltage provided by said rectifier, said driver circuitry assembly also having a second wiring extending from said circuitry and terminating in a second electrical plug connector, said first electrical plug connector and said second electrical plug connector selectively engageable with one another, said driver circuitry assembly also having a third wiring configured to connect with the external AC grid, said driver circuitry assembly also having a second housing wherein said rectifier and said IC chip are positioned in said second housing and said second electrical plug connector is positioned outside of said second housing; and
a battery backup portion selectively positionable between said driver circuitry assembly and the external AC grid and having one or more batteries and a converter portion with a DC-AC inverter, said converter portion configured to receive power from said one or more batteries or the external AC grid, said converter portion including a microcontroller unit, said microcontroller unit configured to route AC power to said rectifier of said driver circuitry assembly from either the external AC grid or from said one or more batteries when said driver circuitry assembly and said battery backup portion are engaged with one another, said battery backup portion also including a fourth wiring selectively engageable with said third wiring of said driver circuitry assembly, said battery backup portion also including a fifth wiring selectively engageable with the external AC grid, said battery backup portion also having a third housing containing said one or more batteries and said converter portion, wherein said fourth wiring and said fifth wiring extend out of said third housing, and wherein said third housing and said second housing are selectively interconnectable with one another.

US Pat. No. 10,890,301

LED LAMP WITH ENCAPSULATED DRIVER AND SAFETY CIRCUIT

SAVANT TECHNOLOGIES LLC, ...

1. A lamp assembly comprising:a base;
a hermetically sealed outer jacket mounted on the base; and
a driver circuit (i) having a first end mounted on an end of a printed circuit board and (ii) being configured to provide power for driving a light source, the light source also being mounted on the printed circuit board;
wherein, the printed circuit board and the driver circuit are completely disposed within the hermetically sealed outer jacket, a second end of the driver circuit being electrically coupled to the base via a plurality of leads configured to provide power from the base to the driver circuit;
a safety circuit provided on a surface of the printed circuit board and configured to interrupt via an element the electrical power to the lamp assembly if the hermetically sealed outer jacket is compromised;
wherein the element is not oxygen sensitive prior to an activation of the element; and
wherein the element is configured to interrupt the electrical power when the activation has occurred, the activation rendering the element oxygen-sensitive.

US Pat. No. 10,890,300

LED TUBE LAMP

Jiaxing Super Lighting El...

1. An LED tube lamp, comprising:a glass lamp tube;
a light diffusion layer disposed on an inner circumferential surface or on an outer surface of the glass lamp tube;
an LED light strip disposed inside the glass lamp tube and comprising a mounting region and a connecting region, a plurality of LED light sources mounted on the mounting region and two first connecting pads arranged on the connecting region;
a fixing structure disposed inside the glass lamp tube and extended along the longitudinal direction of the lamp tube, the fixing structure comprising a first end fixedly connected to the inner circumferential surface of the glass lamp tube and a second end fixedly connected to the LED light strip;
a power supply module disposed on the fixing structure and electrically connecting to the LED light strip, the power supply module comprising:
a circuit board separate from the light strip;
a plurality of electronic components mounted on the circuit board; and
two second connecting pads arranged on the circuit board, the two first connecting pads electrically connecting to the two second connecting pads respectively; and
two end caps attached to two ends of the glass lamp tube respectively,
wherein the power supply module at least comprises a rectifying circuit and a filtering circuit, the rectifying circuit is coupled to two pins to receive an external signal, the filtering circuit is coupled to the rectifying circuit, and the plurality of LED light sources are coupled to the filtering circuit,
wherein the LED light strip further comprises a wiring layer, and the plurality of LED light sources are mounted on the wiring layer,
wherein the LED light strip further comprises a protection layer disposed on a first surface of the wiring layer and the plurality of LED light sources are mounted on the first surface of the wiring layer,
wherein a portion of the connecting region and a portion of the circuit board are disposed on each other in the LED tube lamp, and
wherein at least some of the electronic components comprise a capacitor electrically connected between two input terminals of the rectifying circuit coupled to the two pins, and a resistor electrically connected to the capacitor in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,890,299

LED FILAMENT LAMP

Zhejiang Z-Light Optoelec...

1. An LED filament lamp, comprisinga transparent hood with an opening at a lower end;
a lamp cap connected to the lower end of the transparent hood;
a light emitting source arranged in the transparent hood;
a support base arranged in a space enclosed by the transparent hood and the lamp cap,
wherein the light emitting source is fixed at the support base, a lower end of the light emitting source is connected with the lamp cap through a current limiting resistor, and the light emitting source comprises:
a single strip-shaped substrate, two ends of the strip-shaped substrate being conductive electrical connecting ends; and
a plurality of LED wafers, wherein the plurality of LED wafers are connected in turn and arranged on the strip-shaped substrate at an interval to form a strip-shaped LED wafer set, a rectifying unit electrically connected with the strip-shaped LED wafer set is arranged at each one of the two ends of the strip-shaped LED wafer set, each one of the rectifying units is fixed on the strip-shaped substrate and is connected with each corresponding one of the electrical connecting ends, each one of the electrical connecting ends is capable of being directly connected with an alternating current and energizes the strip-shaped LED wafer set to lighten the LED wafers,
wherein the rectifying units include a first rectifying unit and a second rectifying unit which are arranged on one side of the strip-shaped LED wafer set, and a third rectifying unit and a fourth rectifying unit which are arranged on the other side of the strip-shaped LED wafer set, the four rectifying units and the strip-shaped LED wafer set a communicate with one another to form a rectifying circuit wherein a first conductor and a second conductor are respectively arranged on two lateral sides of the face, on which the LED wafers are fixed, of the strip-shaped substrate, the first conductor is connected with an output terminal of the first rectifying unit, an input terminal of the strip-shaped LED wafer set, and an output terminal of the fourth rectifying unit, and the second conductor is connected with an input terminal of the second rectifying unit, an output terminal of the strip-shaped LED wafer set, and an input terminal of the third rectifying unit,
wherein the first rectifying unit and the second rectifying unit are oppositely arranged, the third rectifying unit and the fourth rectifying unit are oppositely arranged, each one of the rectifying units comprises at least one LED wafer and when each one of the rectifying units is internally provided with a plurality of LED wafers, the LED wafers in each one of the rectifying units are arranged toward the same direction,
wherein the strip-shaped LED wafer set and the rectifying units all are arranged on the same side of the strip-shaped substrate; the LED wafers in the strip-shaped LED wafer set are connected toward the same direction,
wherein the strip-shaped substrate is a transparent or non-transparent strip-shaped substrate, and glue mixed with fluorescent powder is applied to the two sides of the strip-shaped substrate, and
wherein when the lamp cap is connected with an external circuit, a current path is formed between the lamp cap, the current limiting resistor, and the light emitting source to energize the light emitting source, so that the light emitting source emits light.

US Pat. No. 10,890,298

LIQUID DETECTION DEVICE WITH WIRELESS COMMUNICATOR

FISHER CONTROLS INTERNATI...

1. A liquid detection device to detect and provide an indication of liquid contamination in a pneumatic supply, the device comprising:a housing comprising a sensor body and an electronics case fluidly sealed from the sensor body, the sensor body adapted to be exposed to the pneumatic supply;
an electronic liquid sensor carried by the housing and configured to be coupled to the pneumatic supply and to detect the presence of liquid in the pneumatic supply; and
a wireless communicator carried by the housing and configured to transmit data from the electronic liquid sensor to a communication node on a plant computer network,
wherein the electronic liquid sensor comprises a water sensor configured to detect the presence and/or amount of water in the pneumatic supply, and detection circuitry connected to the water sensor and configured to detect the presence and/or amount of water detected by the water sensor,
wherein the water sensor is disposed in the sensor body of the housing and the wireless communicator and the detection circuitry are disposed outside of the sensor body and in the electronics case of the housing, such that the wireless communicator and the detection circuitry are fluidly sealed from the water sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,890,297

ASSEMBLY, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DIRECTED HIGH-PRESSURE FLUID DELIVERY

1. A system for receiving fluid from one or more fluid sources and routing the fluid to a plurality of target locations, the system including:a fluid inlet assembly including a first part for receiving fluid from the one or more fluid sources and a second part releasably communicable with the first part;
a fluid outlet assembly including a plurality of fluid outlet connections releasably communicable with the second part of the fluid inlet assembly, wherein each of the plurality of fluid outlet connections is fluidly communicated with a different target location of the plurality of target locations; and
an automated system operationally configured to direct the second part of the fluid inlet assembly between (1) a position of fluid communication with the first part of the fluid inlet assembly and one of the plurality of fluid outlet connections and (2) one or more non-communicated positions apart from the first part of the fluid inlet assembly and the plurality of fluid outlet connections.