US Pat. No. 10,557,882

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SENSING EVENT IN SMART PLUG DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A smart plug device installed on a power supply route between a power supply and a target device to detect an event occurring in the target device, the smart plug device comprising:a power measurement unit; and
an event determination unit configured to:
set at least one high threshold and at least one low threshold based on whether the target device is operating in a specific operation mode,
obtain a power supplied to the target device via the power measurement unit,
identify a power signal characteristic indicating a change characteristic of the power that is caused by an occurrence of the event based on the power before the event occurs in the target device, and
identify the occurrence or non-occurrence of the event in the target device based on whether the power signal characteristic satisfies at least one of the set at least one high threshold or the set at least one low threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,557,881

ELECTRICAL OVERSTRESS REPORTING

Analog Devices Global, H...

1. An apparatus with electrical overstress detection, the apparatus comprising:an electrical overstress protection device including a sense terminal;
a detection circuit including an input terminal conductively coupled to the sense terminal of the electrical overstress protection device, the detection circuit configured to detect electrical overstress events, wherein the sense terminal of the electrical overstress protection device and the input terminal of the detection circuit have a common direct current voltage;
a memory configured to store information associated with one or more of the electrical overstress events detected by the detection circuit; and
a reporting circuit configured to assert an alarm signal related to a functional safety risk based on the information that is stored in the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,557,880

MODELOCKED LASER ELECTRIC FIELD SENSOR

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. An electro-optic (EO) sensor for detecting a local electric field strength, the EO sensor comprising:a first optical cavity and a second optical cavity different from the first optical cavity;
a gain medium within the first optical cavity;
a mode locking element within the first optical cavity; and
an EO material within the first optical cavity and the second optical cavity, an effective optical path length of the EO material being variable depending on the local electric field strength at the EO sensor,
wherein the gain medium, the mode locking element, and the EO material are arranged in a common path of light within the first optical cavity,
wherein during operation, the EO sensor emits pulses of light at a repetition rate characteristic of an effective optical path length of the light within the first optical cavity, the effective optical path length varying depending on the electric field strength local to the EO sensor, and
the second optical cavity is configured to resonantly enhance a change in the effective optical path length of the light in response to the local electric field strength.

US Pat. No. 10,557,879

SENSOR EXCITATION IN SYSTEMS WHERE REMOTE SENSOR SIGNAL PROCESSING IS PERFORMED

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A sensor control arrangement comprising:a host controller comprising:
a first data communication interface;
an excitation signal synthesizer in electronic communication with the first data communication interface; and
an amplifier;
a remote sensor interface configured to receive an AC signal from the host controller;
a power/data bus extending between the host controller and the remote sensor interface; and
an electromagnetic sensor configured to:
receive the AC signal from the host controller via the power/data bus; and
send a sensor signal to the remote sensor interface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,878

REACTANCE MEASUREMENT APPARATUS

ISUZU MOTORS LIMITED, To...

1. A reactance measurement apparatus comprising:a series circuit that includes a first circuit including a first resistor and a second circuit connected in series with the first circuit and including a reactance element;
a first voltage generation unit that generates a first AC voltage having a predetermined frequency to apply the first AC voltage to the series circuit;
a second voltage generation unit that generates a second AC voltage having the same frequency as that of the first AC voltage and having a predetermined phase difference with respect to the first AC voltage;
a multiplication unit that multiplies the second AC voltage and a voltage of the second circuit to generate a multiplication voltage;
a measurement unit that measures a voltage of a DC component of the multiplication voltage;
a phase shift amount calculation unit that calculates a phase shift amount of the voltage of the second circuit with respect to the first AC voltage based on a relation between a phase difference of the second AC voltage with respect to the first AC voltage and the voltage of the DC component of the multiplication voltage; and
a reactance calculation unit that calculates a reactance of the reactance element based on the phase shift amount, which is calculated by the phase shift amount calculating unit, of the voltage of the second circuit with respect to the first AC voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,557,877

ALARM PANE ASSEMBLY

SAINT-GOBAIN GLASS FRANCE...

1. An alarm pane assembly, comprising:a first pane that consists of tempered glass, the first pane comprising an outer surface and an inner surface;
a transparent, electrically conductive coating, that is arranged on the inner surface of the first pane;
a sensor unit comprising a transmitting unit and an evaluation unit; and
an antenna that is electromagnetically coupled to the transparent, electrically conductive coating,
wherein the transmitting unit is configured to forward a high-frequency voltage signal with a frequency f in a range of 0.1 GHz to 6 GHz to the antenna,
wherein the antenna is configured to emit an electromagnetic radiation of the frequency f,
wherein the evaluation unit is configured to measure an impedance matching of the transmitting unit to the antenna, and
wherein the sensor unit is configured to output an alarm signal when a measured impedance matching deviates from a reference value.

US Pat. No. 10,557,876

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HOME ENERGY MONITOR AND CONTROL

EnergyHub, Brooklyn, NY ...

1. A system, comprising:a data network interface enabling communication of data over a data network;
a node interface enabling communication, via the data network interface, between nodes comprising a power monitoring and control node,wherein:the power monitoring and control node enables control of power to a power consuming device based on a type of the power consuming device based on a tag associated with the power consuming device being coupled to the system, wherein the type of the power consuming device is based on a power control characteristic from a user profile and a function associated with the power consuming device, wherein the function is associated with the power control characteristic that describes operational characteristics for controlling the power consuming device during startup, in-use, not in use, and reduced power statuses, and
the power monitoring and control node monitors power consumption of the power consuming device, compares the power consumption to a baseline power consumption yielding comparison result data, and enables a display of energy usage data based on the comparison result data.

US Pat. No. 10,557,875

MULTI-SENSOR SCANNER CONFIGURATION FOR NON-CONTACT VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT DEVICES

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A device to measure alternating current (AC) in an insulated conductor, the device comprising:a housing;
a sensor subsystem physically coupled to the housing, the sensor subsystem selectively positionable proximate the insulated conductor without galvanically contacting the conductor, wherein the sensor subsystem capacitively couples with the insulated conductor, the sensor subsystem comprising a plurality of sensor elements;
a conductive internal ground guard which at least partially surrounds the sensor subsystem and is galvanically isolated from the sensor subsystem, the internal ground guard sized and dimensioned to shield the sensor subsystem from stray currents;
a conductive reference shield which surrounds at least a portion of the housing and is galvanically insulated from the internal ground guard, the conductive reference shield sized and dimensioned to reduce currents between the internal ground guard and an external ground;
a common mode reference voltage source which, in operation, generates an alternating current (AC) reference voltage having a reference frequency, the common mode reference voltage source electrically coupled between the internal ground guard and the conductive reference shield;
signal conditioning circuitry that, in operation, generates a sensor current signal indicative of current conducted through the sensor subsystem;
a plurality of controllable switches, each of the plurality of switches being operative to selectively electrically couple a respective one of the sensor elements to the signal conditioning circuitry; and
control circuitry communicatively coupled to the plurality of switches and the signal conditioning circuitry, wherein, in operation, the control circuitry:
controls the plurality of controllable switches to cause one of the sensor elements to be electrically coupled to the signal conditioning circuitry;
receives a sensor current signal from the signal conditioning circuitry; and
determines the AC voltage in the insulated conductor based at least in part on the received sensor current signal, the AC reference voltage, and the reference frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,557,874

ELECTRIC CURRENT MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND ELECTRIC CURRENT MEASUREMENT METHOD

OSAKA CITY UNIVERISTY, O...

1. An electric current measurement apparatus to measure a current flowing in a wire, the apparatus comprising:a first magnetic element, a resistance variation of the first magnetic element being proportional to the current;
a second magnetic element, a resistance variation of the second magnetic element being proportional to the current;
a first current source capable of supplying a first alternating current to the first magnetic element, the first current source being connected to the first magnetic element;
a second current source capable of supplying a second alternating current to the second magnetic element, a phase of the second alternating current being deviated from a phase of the first alternating current, the second current source being connected to the second magnetic element;
a first low pass filter configured to pass a low frequency component of an output from the first magnetic element;
a second low pass filter configured to pass a low frequency component of an output from the second magnetic element;
a calculator configured to calculate
a square root of a sum of squares of an output from the first low pass filter and an output from the second low pass filter, and
an arc tangent value of the output from the first low pass filter and the output from the second low pass filter.

US Pat. No. 10,557,873

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CLOSED LOOP CURRENT SENSING

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A current sensor for sensing a direct magnetic field generated by a current through a primary conductor comprising:a plurality of magnetic field sensing elements comprising at least one first magnetic field sensing element spaced from at least one second magnetic field sensing element, wherein the at least one first magnetic field sensing element and the at least one second magnetic field sensing element are configured to sense the direct magnetic field at different magnitudes, the direct magnetic field having a first direct coupling factor with respect to the at least one first magnetic field sensing element and a second direct coupling factor with respect to the at least one second magnetic field sensing element;
a feedback conductor configured to carry a feedback current generating a feedback magnetic field, the feedback magnetic field having a first feedback coupling factor with respect to the at least one first magnetic field sensing element and a second feedback coupling factor with respect to the at least one second magnetic field sensing element, wherein the first feedback coupling factor is different than the second feedback coupling factor;
a circuit coupled to the plurality of magnetic field sensing elements and configured to generate the feedback current for coupling to the feedback conductor based on the direct magnetic field and the feedback magnetic field; and
a sense element coupled to the feedback conductor and configured to sense the feedback current.

US Pat. No. 10,557,872

MEASURING ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR CONTACTLESS ELECTRIC CURRENT MEASUREMENT

Testo AG, Lenzkirch (DE)...

1. A measuring arrangement (1) for contactless electric current measurement, comprising:a measuring coil arrangement (2) having a first measuring coil (6) and a second measuring coil (7),
a compensating coil arrangement (3) having a first compensating coil (11) connected to one end of the first measuring coil (6) and a second compensating coil (13) connected to one end of the second measuring coil (7),
a first detection device (4) that detects common signals from the first and second measuring coils (6, 7) of the measuring coil arrangement (2) and the first and second compensating coils (11, 13) of the compensating coil arrangement (3),
a second detection device (5) that separately detects a signal of the first measuring coil (6) of the measuring coil arrangement (2),
an electric conductor receptacle (8),
the first and second measuring coils are located on mutually opposite sides (35, 36) of the electric conductor receptacle (8), and
the compensating coil arrangement (3) having a third compensating coil (12) and a fourth compensating coil (14), wherein the third compensating coil (12) being connected to an other end of the first measuring coil (6) from the first compensating coil (11), and the fourth compensating coil (14) being connected to an other end of the second measuring coil (7) from the second compensating coil (12).

US Pat. No. 10,557,871

REEL DEVICE

PEACEFUL THRIVING ENTERPR...

1. A reel device, comprising:a casing comprising a first cover, a second cover and a pad clampingly held between said first cover and said second cover, wherein said first cover has a protruding portion that has an assembling hole on a center thereof and a pair of recesses on an edge thereof, wherein said second cover provides a first outlet and a second outlet thereon and has a through hole at a central position thereof and a pair of assembling columns that are equally high, wherein said pad has a sleeving portion that has an enclosure arranged on a bore side thereof, wherein said enclosure has a pair of pressing boards arranged thereon; and
a measuring model, coupled on an end face of said casing, wherein said measuring model comprises:
a shell, mounted on said second cover, wherein said shell has a display panel mounted thereon;
a measuring circuit, arranged in said shell;
an affixing portion that is rod shaped and provides a circuit for connecting with said measuring circuit;
a first metal column and a second metal column arranged on said affixing portion, wherein top ends of said first metal column and said second metal column penetrate said affixing portion and contact said measuring circuit, wherein a first spring and a second spring are respectively arranged on a bottom end of said first metal column; and
a contact portion that is an electrical conductor, having an end connected with a pair of wires, wherein end portions of said pair of wires respectively provide a first input terminal and a second input terminal arranged thereon, wherein bottom ends of said first spring and said second spring are propped against said contact portion, wherein a circuit of said measuring circuit is connected to said display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,557,870

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TIME CORRELATED SIGNAL ACQUISITION AND VIEWING

Tektronix, Inc., Beavert...

1. A test and measurement instrument, comprising:a display having a time domain graticule and a frequency domain graticule;
one or more inputs configured to receive one or more signals from one or more devices under test;
an acquisition system configured to digitize the one or more signals into signal samples having a time base; and
a processor configured to:
generate a time domain waveform from a first series of the signal samples for display in the time domain graticule;
receive input from a user identifying a time period within the time domain waveform;
select a second series of the signal samples based on the time base of the signal samples that correspond to the identified time period; and
perform a frequency domain transform on the second series of the signal samples to generate a frequency domain waveform for display in the frequency domain graticule.

US Pat. No. 10,557,869

CLAMP METER

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A clamp meter, comprising:a meter body;
a clamp jaw assembly mounted to the meter body, the clamp jaw assembly comprising a first clamp jaw and a second clamp jaw that are movable in relation to each other between a closed position and an open position, the first clamp jaw and the second clamp jaw each having a distal end and a proximal end opposite to the distal end, wherein in the closed position the distal ends of the first and second clamp jaws meet to define an enclosed area between the first and second clamp jaws, and in the open position the distal ends of the first and second clamp jaws separate from each other to define a gap that allows a wire under test to pass therethrough into the enclosed area;
a locking slider positioned within a slot inside the meter body, wherein the locking slider is slidable longitudinally within the slot between a locked position and an unlocked position, wherein in the locked position the locking slider abuts against the proximal end of the first clamp jaw to block the first clamp jaw from movement, and in the unlocked position the locking slider is moved away from the proximal end of the first clamp jaw to allow the first clamp jaw to move relative to the second clamp jaw;
a first biasing element configured to exert to the locking slider a biasing force that pushes the locking slider toward the locked position; and
a switch assembly operatively coupled to the locking slider to move the locking slider longitudinally within the slot between the locked position and the unlocked position.

US Pat. No. 10,557,868

WAFER INSPECTION DEVICE AND WAFER INSPECTION METHOD

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A wafer inspection device including a plurality of tester rows composed of a plurality of testers that is horizontally arranged and a conveying stage provided for each of the plurality of tester rows, comprising:a first camera disposed for each of the plurality of tester rows and configured to move along a respective tester row of the plurality of tester rows,
wherein each of the plurality of testers includes a probe card having a plurality of contact terminals formed to protrude toward a wafer, and
the conveying stage is configured to mount the wafer thereon and to move toward the probe card,
wherein the conveying stage includes an aligner and a chuck top mounted on the aligner, the aligner and the chuck top being separated from each other,
the wafer is mounted on the chuck top,
the aligner includes an inclination adjusting mechanism configured to adjust an inclination of the chuck top relative to the probe card so as to maintain the wafer in a parallel relationship with the probe card,
the wafer inspection device further comprising: an inclination checking mechanism configured to check a degree of inclination of the chuck top and a degree of inclination of the probe card,
wherein the inclination checking mechanism includes the first camera and a second camera, the first camera being configured to check the degree of inclination of the chuck top with respect to a horizontal plane and the second camera being disposed in the aligner and configured to check the degree of inclination of the probe card with respect to the horizontal plane.

US Pat. No. 10,557,867

PROBE PIN AND INSPECTION DEVICE INCLUDING PROBE PIN

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A probe pin, comprising:an elastic hollow cylinder configured to expand and contract along a central axis;
a conductive first plunger extending in the elastic hollow cylinder along the central axis from a first end of the elastic hollow cylinder; and
a conductive second plunger extending in the elastic hollow cylinder along the central axis from a second end of the elastic hollow cylinder, wherein:
the first plunger and the second plunger are coupled together in the elastic hollow cylinder in a manner movable relative to each other along the central axis;
the first plunger comprises:
a first plunger body located in the elastic hollow cylinder; and
a first terminal connected to the first plunger body, and located outside the elastic hollow cylinder;
the second plunger comprises:
a second plunger body located in the elastic hollow cylinder; and
a second terminal connected to the second plunger body, and located outside the elastic hollow cylinder;
the first plunger body comprises:
a slope that tapers in a direction from an outer side toward an inner side of the elastic hollow cylinder, the slope configured to come in contact with the second plunger body inside the elastic hollow cylinder, and configured to be urged in a direction crossing the central axis by relative movement of the first plunger and the second plunger; and
an elastic portion located between the first terminal and the slope and elastically deformable; and
the elastic portion in the first plunger body bends and protrudes in a direction perpendicular to the central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,557,866

PROBE SEAT OF VERTICAL PROBE DEVICE

MPI CORPORATION, Chu-Pei...

1. A probe seat of a vertical probe device, the probe seat comprising:a lower die having a plurality of lower probe holes for a plurality of probes to be respectively inserted therethrough;
a middle die fixed on the lower die and having at least one through trough for the plurality of probes to be inserted therethrough, each of the lower probe holes being located below the through trough of the middle die;
at least one upper die fixed on the middle die and having a plurality of upper probe holes located above the through trough of the middle die for the plurality of probes to be respectively inserted therethrough; and
at least one reinforcing die fixedly disposed in said at least one through trough and having a plurality of middle probe holes for the probes to be respectively inserted therethrough;
wherein said at least one reinforcing die is fixed on the lower die by at least one screw;
wherein the lower die has a plurality of protrusions located in the through trough of the middle die; said at least one reinforcing die is fixed on the protrusions of the lower die by said at least one screw.

US Pat. No. 10,557,865

QUANTITATIVE MEASUREMENTS USING MULTIPLE FREQUENCY ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY

Oxford Instruments Asylum...

1. An atomic force microscope, comprising:an atomic force microscope cantilever, having a base and a probe tip;
a surface for holding a sample to be measured by the cantilever, adjacent to the cantilever;
a controller; and
a cantilever driving element, driven by said controller;
the controller receiving a signal indicative of cantilever motion,
and forming a feedback loop with the signal,
the controller exciting the cantilever at least at one both of first and second eigenmodes, wherein the first eigenmode excites in a first mode, and
the second eigenmode excites in a second mode, and in the absence of any second mode excitation, the first eigenmode is interacting with the surface in the attractive mode, and when the first eigenmode is exciting, and the second eigenmode is added to the exciting, after the second mode is added, the first eigenmode is in a repulsive mode, induced by the addition of energy of the second eigenmode,
the controller exciting the cantilever at the first and second eigenmodes while controlling a distance between the cantilever and the sample, and
the controller measuring the amplitude and/or phase of the cantilever at least at one of first and second frequencies associated with the first and second eigenmodes.

US Pat. No. 10,557,864

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A physical quantity sensor that is configured to detect an acceleration, the physical quantity sensor comprising:a base substrate extending along an X-axis direction and a Y-axis direction that are perpendicular to each other, the base substrate including:
a first recess having a first bottom surface;
a second recess having a second bottom surface, the second recess being located next to the first recess in the X-axis direction;
a first fixed electrode that is provided on the first bottom surface;
a second fixed electrode that is provided on the first bottom surface, the second fixed electrode being located next to the first fixed electrode in the X-axis direction; and
a conductor that is provided on the second bottom surface; and
a sensor member extending along the X-axis direction and the Y-axis direction, the sensor member including:
a first part that faces the first fixed electrode via a first gap along a Z-axis direction that is perpendicular to the X-axis direction and the Y-axis direction;
a second part that faces the second fixed electrode via a second gap along the Z-axis direction, the second part having a larger mass than the first part; and
a swing axis that extends along the Y-axis direction, the swing axis being located between the first part and the second part, the sensor member being swingable with respect to the swing axis,
wherein each of the first and second parts has a plurality of through holes,
an edge portion of the second part overlaps with the conductor in a plan view along the Z-axis direction, the edge portion is located at an opposite side of the sensor member as the first part in the X-axis direction,
the edge portion has first, second, and third side surfaces, the first side surface extends along the Y-axis direction, the second side surface extends along the X-axis direction and is located at one side of the second part in the Y-axis direction, and the third side surface extends along the X-axis direction and is located at the other side of the second part in the Y-axis direction,
the conductor has first, second, and third ends in the plan view, the first end is located at one side of the conductor in the X-axis direction, the second end is located at one side of the conductor in the Y-axis direction, and the third end is located at the other side of the conductor in the Y-axis direction,
the first end of the conductor is located outwardly away from the first side surface of the edge portion along the X-axis direction in the plan view, the second end of the conductor is located outwardly away from the second side surface of the edge portion along the Y-axis direction in the plan view, and the third end of the conductor is located outwardly away from the third side surface of the edge portion along the Y-axis direction, and
the first bottom surface of the first recess is located upwardly away from a top surface of the conductor along the Z-axis direction in a cross-sectional view.

US Pat. No. 10,557,863

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MULTI-ANALYSIS

Theranos IP Company, LLC,...

1. A biological sample processing system comprising:an insertable and removable cartridge comprising:
at least one receptacle for receiving a blood sample obtained by a fingerstick from a subject,
at least one assay unit for performing a nucleic acid amplification assay to detect a nucleic acid from the blood sample,
at least a second assay unit for performing another assay on a portion of the blood sample, wherein said another assay does not involve nucleic acid amplification; and
all reagents for performing the nucleic acid amplification assay and said another assay;
and a biological sample processing device comprising:
a housing containing the following:
a cartridge receiving location,
a nucleic acid assay assembly comprising at least one light source, a thermal device comprising a temperature control for the nucleic acid amplification assay, and at least one detector for detecting the nucleic acid;
at least a second detector for use in performing said another assay;
a sample handling system for transporting the blood sample to the at least one assay unit and the at least one assay unit to the detector; and
an airflow unit configured to provide a controlled air-flow environment within said housing;
wherein the at least one light source is mounted on a movable portion of the nucleic acid assay assembly that is movable to cover or uncover a portion of the thermal device.

US Pat. No. 10,557,862

SYSTEMS FOR ASSURING QUALITY COMPLIANCE OF POINT-OF-CARE SINGLE-USE TESTING DEVICES

Abbott Point of Care Inc....

1. A system comprising:a set of sample testing cartridges, wherein each sample testing cartridge from the set of sample testing cartridges has a same lot number assigned from a manufacturer;
a plurality of analyzers in communication with one another via a wireless network, wherein a processor of at least one analyzer of the plurality of analyzers is configured to control the at least one analyzer to:
perform one or more quality control tests to generate quality control test data, wherein the one or more quality control tests are performed using: (i) a predetermined number and type of control fluids, and (ii) a predetermined number of sample testing cartridges of the set of sample testing cartridges; and
transmit the quality control test data;
a data manager that is in communication with each of the plurality of analyzers via the wireless network, wherein the data manager is configured to:
determine a compliance status of the set of sample testing cartridges based on whether the quality control test data is within range of predetermined cartridge test target values;
store the determined compliance status for the set of sample testing cartridges in a data table; and
transmit the data table to each of the plurality of analyzers, wherein the transmit of the data table is performed independent of whether the determined compliance status for the set of sample testing cartridges is in compliance or not in compliance,
wherein a processor of each of the plurality of analyzers is configured to:
receive the data table and store the data table in a memory;
obtain information pertaining to the set of sample testing cartridges;
obtain the compliance status for the set of sample testing cartridges from the data table based on the information obtained pertaining to the set of sample testing cartridges;
when the compliance status obtained from the data table indicates the set of sample testing cartridges is in compliance, enable use of the set of sample testing cartridges for performing one or more analytical tests on biological samples; and
when the compliance status obtained from the data table indicates the set of sample testing cartridges is not in compliance, at least partially disable use of the set of sample testing cartridges for performing the one or more analytical tests on the biological samples.

US Pat. No. 10,557,857

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR BONE LOSS ASSAY

Intelligent Optical Syste...

1. A method for screening for osteoporosis comprising:a. obtaining a saliva sample from a subject;
b. applying the saliva sample to a lateral flow test strip, wherein the strip comprises a conjugate pad deposited with a fluorescently labeled detector antibody, and at least one capture line reactive to osteocalcin;
c. placing the test strip in a fluorescent reader calibrated to quantitatively measure osteocalcin concentration at a given sample volume;
d. performing a screening diagnostic evaluation according to a quantitative measurement obtained from the reader;
wherein the at least one capture line comprises a capture antibody specific to osteocalcin, and a control line; wherein the capture antibody and the fluorescently labeled detector antibody pair are chosen from the group consisting of:
a. 940/939,
b. 11F8/939,
c. 2H9/939,
d. 940/H10,
e. 2H9/H10,
f. 940/3G8,
g. 11F8/3G8.

US Pat. No. 10,557,855

SILICON QUANTUM DOT OPTICAL PROBES

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A photoactive particle comprising:a pyrene luminescent chromophore covalently bonded to a silicon nanocrystal, wherein the photoactive particle exhibits an absorption spectrum including a first wavelength and a photoluminescence emission spectrum for excitation at the first wavelength, and wherein the photoactive particle exhibits an external photoluminescence quantum yield of at least 10%, wherein the external photoluminescence quantum yield corresponds to a number of photoluminescent photons emitted by the photoactive particle per incident photon having a wavelength in the absorption spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,557,854

CA IX—NIR DYES AND THEIR USES

On Target Laboratories, L...

1. A compound having the formula:B-W-X-Y-Z
wherein B is a CA IX-targeted molecule is selected from the group consisting of

wherein n is 0, 1, 2, 3 . . . ; m is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, . . . and p is 0, 1, 2, 3, . . . ;
W is an extended hydrophobic residue;
X is a hydrophobic spacer;
Y is an amino acid spacer; and
Z is a NIR dye.

US Pat. No. 10,557,853

MOLECULAR SENSOR AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

YEDA RESEARCH AND DEVELOP...

1. A fluorescent monomolecular sensor, wherein said sensor is a Thiazole Orange-based protein identifier (TOPI), comprising a Thiazole Orange (TO) derivative and at least two specific protein binders;wherein said protein is a homodimer;
wherein the TO derivative is represented by the following structure:

wherein,
R is a specific protein binder;
wherein said specific binder comprises: marimastat, ethacrynic acid, bisethacrynic acid, metal complex of nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), metal complex of bis NTA, metal complex of tris-NTA, PDGF-BB, heparin, FGF aptamer, biotin, tacrine, estrogen, DNA aptamer, RNA aptamer, peptide aldehyde, estrogen, suberoylanilidehydroxamic acid (SAHA) or any combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,557,852

FLUORESCENT MOLECULAR SENSOR FOR TARGETING CHANGES IN PROTEIN SURFACES, AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

YEDA RESEARCH AND DEVELOP...

1. A monomolecular compound that can track changes that occur on the surface of tag-labeled proteins, said compound comprises:a. a His-Tag binder;
b. a non-selective binder;
c. a fluorophore; and
a linker, which covalently links between the His-Tag-binder and the non-selective binder;
wherein the linker is a combination of linear or branched alkyl ether chain of 2-50 carbon atoms and substituted linear or branched alkyl diamide chain of 2-50 carbon atoms;
wherein the fluorophore is covalently attached to a side chain of the linker in the vicinity to the non-selective binder;
wherein the non-selective binder comprises at least one peptide; and
wherein the His-tag binder is represented by the structure of formula D:

wherein
each of L4, L4?, and L4? is independently —(CH2)n—NHCO—(CH2)m—O—(CH2)1—;
n, m and l are each independently an integer between 1 and 6;
M-NTA is a metal complex of nitrilotriacetic acid; and
wherein the wavy line marks the position from which the fragment connects to the linker.

US Pat. No. 10,557,851

SIGNALING CONJUGATES AND METHODS OF USE

Ventana Medical Systems, ...

1. A method of producing a stained biological sample comprising a first signaling complex on a solid support, comprising:(a) contacting a biological sample immobilized on a solid support with a first detection probe and a first enzyme conjugate comprising an enzyme, wherein the first detection probe specifically binds to a first target if said first target is present in said biological sample, and the first enzyme conjugate binds to the first detection probe, thereby forming a first binding complex comprising the first target, the first detection probe, and the first enzyme conjugate, wherein the first target comprises a polypeptide, nucleic acid, or a tyrosine-containing moiety, and the enzyme of the first enzyme conjugate is a peroxidase;
(b) after step (a), contacting the first binding complex with a first amplifying conjugate comprising a phenolic moiety and a first hapten, such that, if said first target is present in said biological sample, the first amplifying conjugate contacts the enzyme of the first binding complex, and the enzyme of the first binding complex catalyzes conversion of the phenolic moiety of the first amplifying conjugate into a reactive species, thereby forming a modified form of the first amplifying conjugate, which comprises the reactive species and the first hapten, that covalently binds to at least one of:
(1) a location on the first binding complex proximate to or directly on the first enzyme conjugate of the first binding complex;
(2) a location on the first binding complex proximate to or directly on the first target of the first binding complex; and
(3) a location on the biological sample proximate to the first target;
whereby, if said first target is present in said biological sample, a first amplifying complex is formed, said first amplifying complex comprising the modified form of the first amplifying conjugate covalently bonded to the first binding complex and/or covalently bonded to the biological sample proximate to the first target;
(c) after step (b), contacting the first amplifying complex with a first labeling conjugate comprising an antibody against said first hapten, which said antibody against said first hapten is conjugated to an enzyme, wherein the enzyme of said first labeling conjugate is a peroxidase, such that, if said first target is present in said biological sample, said first labeling conjugate becomes bound to said first amplifying complex, thereby forming a first deposited complex comprising said first labeling conjugate hound to said first amplifying complex;
(d) after step (c), contacting the first deposited complex with a first signaling conjugate comprising a phenolic moiety and a first chromogenic moiety, such that, if said first target is present in said biological sample, the first signaling conjugate contacts the enzyme of said first deposited complex, and the enzyme of said first deposited complex catalyzes conversion of the phenolic moiety of the first signaling conjugate into a reactive species, thereby forming a modified form of the first signaling conjugate, which comprises the reactive species and the first chromogenic moiety, that covalently binds to at least one of:
(1) a location on the first amplifying complex proximate to or directly on the modified form of the first amplifying conjugate of the first amplifying complex;
(2) a location on the first labeling conjugate that is bound to said first amplifying complex; and
(3) a location on the biological sample proximate to the first amplifying complex; whereby, if said first target is present in said biological sample, said first signaling complex is formed, said first signaling complex comprising the modified form of the first signaling conjugate covalently bonded to the first amplifying complex, covalently bonded to the first labeling conjugate, or covalently bonded to a location on the biological sample proximate to the first amplifying complex; and
(e) after step (d), removing the first signaling conjugate unbound to the first signaling complex by washing the solid support, thereby, if said first target is present in said biological sample, producing the stained biological sample comprising the first signaling complex on the solid support;wherein, if said first target is present in said biological sample, the first chromogenic moiety of the first signaling complex of the stained biological sample produces a colored signal when the solid support is exposed to light that provides for the detection of said first target after step (e), wherein said light comprises one or more of visible light, infrared light, or near infrared light.

US Pat. No. 10,557,850

ANTI-CXCR1 COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS

THE REGENTS OF UNIVERSITY...

1. A method of treating a human subject diagnosed with ER-negative breast cancer, comprising:(a) administering a pharmaceutical composition containing an effective concentration of Compound 1 to the human subject in need of said treatment, wherein Compound 1 is:
and(b) administering an effective concentration of paclitaxel to the subject in need of said treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,557,849

DIAGNOSTIC OF CHRONIC MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA (CMML) BY FLOW CYTOMETRY

INSTITUT GUSTAVE-ROUSSY, ...

1. A method comprising the following steps in the order shown:a) obtaining a whole blood sample from a subject and diluting the sample to a concentration of total granulocytes under 10×109/L;
b) contacting the diluted sample with antibodies labelled with fluorophores, wherein the labelled antibodies collectively recognize antigens expressed by granulocytes, T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, and/or natural killer (NK) cells that are present in the sample;
c) detecting by flow cytometry a monocyte cell population in the diluted sample, wherein the detecting step includes CD45+ cells but excludes CD2+ cells, CD56+ cells, CD15+ cells, CD16+ cells, and/or CD24+ cells that are present in the sample;
d) quantifying by flow cytometry the CD14+/CD16? monocytes in said diluted sample, quantifying total monocytes in said diluted sample, and calculating the ratio of CD14+/CD16? monocytes to total monocytes; and
e) diagnosing said subject as having chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) when the calculated ratio of CD14+/CD16? monocytes to total monocytes in the diluted sample is higher than 0.936.

US Pat. No. 10,557,848

POLYMER MICROPARTICLE FOR CARRYING PHYSIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCE AND METHOD FOR PREPARING SAME

LSI MEDIENCE CORPORATION,...

1. Polymer particles for covalently bonding a physiologically active substance, said polymer particles being obtained by polymerizing a monomer, a radical polymerization initiator, and an emulsifier, wherein the emulsifier is an amphiphilic block polymer of the general formula (1):
wherein n is an integer of 5 or more,
m is an integer of 5 or more,
R1 and R4 are independent, and at least one of R1 and R4 is a functional group for covalently bonding a physiologically active substance, wherein the functional group for covalently bonding a physiologically active substance is selected from the group consisting of a carboxyl group, a maleimide group, an amino group, a mercapto group, a hydroxyl group, an aldehyde group, and an epoxy group,
R2?1 and R2?2 are independently a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, an ethyl group, or a propyl group,
when R1 is not the functional group for covalently bonding a physiologically active substance, R1 is selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, an ethyl group, and a propyl group,
when R4 is not the functional group for covalently bonding a physiologically active substance, R4 is selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, a methyl group, an ethyl group, and a propyl group,
R3 is a functional group derived from a hydrophilic compound,
R5 is a functional group imparting hydrophobicity, and
R6 is a halogen atom, or a functional group derived from the initiator in the synthesis of the emulsifier.

US Pat. No. 10,557,847

NANO-PLASMONIC SENSOR FOR EXOSOME DETECTION

THE GENERAL HOSPITAL CORP...

1. A nano-plasmonic sensor for detecting exosomes comprising,a) a transparent planar substrate;
b) a metal film disposed onto one surface of the substrate, wherein the metal film comprises a plurality of nanoapertures in a predefined pattern to create a sensing area that produces surface plasmon resonance upon illumination;
c) a molecular spacer directly attached to the metal film, wherein the molecular spacer comprises long-chain PEG and short-chain PEG in a ratio of about 1:3; and
d) a linking agent directly attached to the molecular spacer and directly attached to a capture agent, wherein the capture agent specifically binds to an exosome marker.

US Pat. No. 10,557,846

ENCODED POLYMERIC MICROPARTICLES

QUANTAMATRIX INC., Seoul...

1. Encoded polymeric microparticles, each of which comprises an encoded polymeric microparticle core, a silica shell surrounding the microparticle core, and magnetic materials,wherein the encoded polymeric microparticle core comprises a photocurable polymer and a linker, and
the encoded polymeric microparticle core is cured by light or electron beam, wherein the photocurable polymer is patterned by optical lithography,
the linker comprises a photocurable functional group chemically bonded with the photocurable polymer and a functional group chemically bonded with the silica shell, and
the linker is a compound represented by the following Formula 1:

wherein R1 is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl, each R2 is C1-C8 straight or branched alkyl, and L is C1-C12 alkylene, arylene or any combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,557,845

FLAVORS, FLAVOR MODIFIERS, TASTANTS, TASTE ENHANCERS, UMAMI OR SWEET TASTANTS, AND/OR ENHANCERS AND USE THEREOF

Firmenich Incorporated, ...

1. A method for modulating the taste of an ingestible composition comprising: combining the ingestible composition with at least a savory flavor modulating amount of an amide compound, or a comestibly acceptable salt thereof, having the following formula, so as to form a taste modified ingestible composition:
wherein:
A is phenyl;
m is 1 or 2;
each R1? is independently selected from fluoro, chloro, SCH3, SEt, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, vinyl, , methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, and trifluoromethoxy;
i) R2 is a C3-C10 branched alkyl optionally substituted with one to two substituents each independently selected fluoro, chloro, CO2CH3, SCH3, SEt, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, and trifluoromethoxy; or
ii) R2 is a 1-(1,2,3,4) tetrahydronapthalene ring or an 2,3-dihydro-1H-indene ring having the following formula:

wherein n is 1, 2, or 3, and each R2? can be bonded to either the aromatic or non-aromatic ring and is independently selected from hydrogen, fluoro, chloro, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, CO2CH3, SCH3, SEt, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, vinyl, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, and trifluoromethoxy groups; or
iii) R2 is a cycloalkyl ring having 5 to 8 ring carbon atoms optionally substituted with one to four substituents independently selected from fluoro, chloro, CO2CH3, SCH3, SEt, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, and trifluoromethoxy;
wherein the amide compound has a molecular weight of 500 grams per mole or less; and
wherein the modified ingestible composition is a food for human or animal consumption.

US Pat. No. 10,557,844

BIORESISTIVE-FINGERPRINT BASED SOBRIETY MONITORING SYSTEM

SOBERLINK HEALTHCARE, LLC...

1. A system for monitoring the sobriety of a user comprising:a testing device that generates a substance content signal and comprising a mouthpiece and a user identification device;
wherein the user identification device generates user identification data in response to a user's breath and transmits it from the testing device to a monitoring station, and the testing device further comprises at least one of a LCD screen or a light-emitting diode LED, wherein the at least one of the LED or LCD generates and displays at least one randomly generated visible identification indicia which is one of a random number, a random color, and a random color scheme; and
wherein the substance content signal comprises at least one substance information and at least one user identification data.

US Pat. No. 10,557,843

METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS FOR LOCATING AND TRACKING OBJECTS

TROXLER ELECTRONIC LABORA...

1. A system for locating and tracking a hand-portable measuring device, the system comprising:a hand-portable measuring device for selectively and directly measuring the property of a paving-related material local to the hand-portable measuring device;
a locating device configured to determine a location of the hand-portable measuring device;
a tracking module configured to track the hand-portable measuring device; and
a communications module that transmits tracking information to a remote device.

US Pat. No. 10,557,842

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ANALYSING A BLEND OF TWO OR MORE HYDROCARBON FEED STREAMS

Intertek Group PLC, Lond...

1. A method for analysing a blend of two or more hydrocarbon feed streams for processing in a blending facility for assessing the compatibility of a hydrocarbon feed in a blend to calculate the blend stability for assessing organic deposition from said blend, the method including:using all of a plurality of hydrocarbon feeds to be blended for analysis;
preparing a reference hydrocarbon and making a blend from the plurality of hydrocarbon feeds;
titrating the blend with the reference hydrocarbon as a titrant;
measuring and recording data associated with the change in characteristics of the titrated blend; and
calculating, using said data, the stability of the blend,
wherein the properties of two or more hydrocarbon feed streams are selectable from a dataset having a record of the properties of each hydrocarbon feedstream,
wherein the dataset includes a list of feasible and infeasible blends for a blending facility, and
wherein the method monitors the characteristics of the or each hydrocarbon feed stream and, if the measured characteristics of a hydrocarbon feed stream fall outside a control limit, or a new hydrocarbon feed is to be included in the dataset, said hydrocarbon feed is selected as the titrant.

US Pat. No. 10,557,841

SENSOR CONTROL APPARATUS AND SENSOR CONTROL SYSTEM

NGK Spark Plug Co., LTD.,...

1. A sensor control apparatus for controlling a gas sensor which detects a concentration of a particular gas in a mixed exhaust gas, comprising:an energization device that supplies a resistance measurement current having a designated current value designated in advance to a characteristic resistor which has a resistance selected from a plurality of previously set resistances so as to represent a characteristic of the gas sensor; and
a setting device that sets the designated current value to one of two or more values in accordance with a magnitude of the resistance of the characteristic resistor, wherein
the characteristic resistor is included in the gas sensor and connected to the energization device, and
the sensor control apparatus is configured to determine the characteristic of the gas sensor based on the resistance of the characteristic resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,557,840

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES ACROSS FACILITIES

HARTFORD STEAM BOILER INS...

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of facilities;
wherein each facility of the plurality of facilities performs at least one industrial process;
at least one sensor configured to:
i) measure, based on a model for the at least one industrial process, one or more target variables of at least one process parameter of the at least one industrial process being performed at a particular facility of the plurality of facilities during a particular time; and
ii) generate a corresponding current process-related data set for each respective target variable;
a computing unit coupled to the at least one measuring sensor, wherein the computing unit comprises at least one processor and a non-transient storage subsystem;
a computer program that is stored by the non-transient storage subsystem, wherein the computer program, when executed by the at least one processor, causes the at least one processor of the computing unit to at least:
receive the corresponding current process-related data set for each respective target variable;
generate a random process data set from the corresponding current process-related data set;
obtain a set of bias criteria values used to determine one or more process-related outliers;
perform a dynamic outlier bias reduction on the corresponding current process-related data set for one or more bias criteria values of the set of bias criteria values to generate one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related target data set;
perform the dynamic outlier bias reduction on the process-related random data set for the one or more bias criteria values of the set of bias criteria values to generate one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related random data set;
calculate a set of target error values for the one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related target data set and a set of random error values for the one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related random data set;
calculate a set of target correlation coefficients for the one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related target data sets and a set of random correlation coefficients for the one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related random data set;
generate a first bias criteria curve for the corresponding current process-related data set and a second bias criteria curve for the process-related random data set from the one or more bias criteria values, the set of target error values, the set of random error values, the set of target correlation coefficients, and the set of random correlation coefficients;
dynamically determine, based on the first bias criteria curve and the second bias criteria curve, a non-biased viability of the corresponding current process-related data set;
wherein the non-biased viability is an indicator of whether the corresponding current process-related target data set is representative of the at least one process parameter of the at least one industrial process being modeled by the model; and
dynamically generate, when the non-biased viability identifies that the corresponding current process-related target data set is representative of the at least one process parameter of the at least one industrial process, at least one industrial process standard; and
wherein each facility of the plurality of facilities continues to perform the least one industrial process based at least in part on the at least one industrial process standard.

US Pat. No. 10,557,839

MULTI-SENSE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING DEVICE AND METHOD

Industrial Scientific Cor...

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of monitoring devices, wherein each of the plurality of monitoring devices comprises at least one sensor configured to detect a substance and to generate an output signal indicative of a concentration of the substance in response to a detection of the substance, wherein the at least one sensor in each of the plurality of monitoring devices is configured to detect a same substance, wherein an amount of the substance has not been determined prior to the detection of the substance;
a processing unit, wirelessly coupled to the at least one sensor in each of the plurality of monitoring devices, configured to:
receive each output signal from each of the at least one sensor in each of the plurality of monitoring devices in response to the detection of the sub stance;
generate a detection signal for the substance indicative of the amount of the substance based on the output signals from the at least one sensor in each of the plurality of monitoring devices;
determine a corresponding gain of each of the at least one sensor in each of the plurality of monitoring devices and an overall gain of a majority of the at least one sensor in each of the plurality of monitoring devices based on the determined corresponding gains;
generate a calibration action responsive to any of the output signals deviating by an amount from the detection signal, wherein the calibration action comprises only adjusting a corresponding gain of a corresponding deviating sensor to correspond with the determined overall gain of the majority of the at least one sensor in each of the plurality of monitoring devices;
determine a weight of each of the at least one sensor configured to indicate a reliability of each of the at least one sensor, wherein the weight for each of the at least one sensor is determined based on at least one of a span reserve of the at least one sensor, a historic calibration performance of the at least one sensor, or a historic bump test performance of the at least one sensor; and
determine an aggregate substance concentration reading by aggregating the output signals from each of the at least one sensor biased toward output signals from sensors indicated as being more reliable based on the weight.

US Pat. No. 10,557,838

PORTABLE GAS DETECTING AND MONITORING APPARATUS

Acrulog Pty. Ltd., Clont...

1. A portable gas detecting and monitoring apparatus, comprising:a case, the case includes a continuous sidewall having opposed first and second ends, the first end is closed by a first end cap, the second end is closed by a second end cap, the second end cap is connected sealably and removably to the continuous sidewall, the continuous sidewall is triangular being a trilateral body having three sides and three corners, between the first end and the second end, two of the three sides being straight and equal in length, one of the three sides being rounded, and each of the three corners being rounded;
a gas detection and monitoring unit enclosed and sealed in the case from an ambient atmosphere outside the case, the gas detection and monitoring unit includes:
a gas sensor in sealed fluid communication with the ambient atmosphere outside the case;
a temperature and humidity sensor in sealed fluid communication with the ambient atmosphere outside the case;
a pressure sensor in sealed fluid communication with the ambient atmosphere outside the case;
a data processor operatively connected to the gas sensor, the temperature and humidity sensor, and the pressure sensor;
data storage and an information display operatively connected to the data processor;
a calibration unit operatively connected to the data processor for calibrating the data processor to a predetermined gas concentration measured by the gas sensor;
an externally operable switch for selectively connecting the data processor to the data storage to allow transfer of data from the data storage to the data processor; and
a communication device operatively connected to at least one of the data processor and the data storage for enabling data transfer between an external destination and at least one of the data processor and the data storage; and
a power supply mounted in the case, the power supply being operatively connected to power the gas detecting and monitoring unit.

US Pat. No. 10,557,837

MASS-SPECTROMETRY-DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A mass spectrometry system, comprising:a mass analyzer configured to separate a sample including an unknown compound into compounds and configured to obtain a mass spectrum of the unknown compound;
a data-processing system including:
a) a database in which mass spectra of known compounds are collected;
b) an input unit configured to allow a user to set nonuse-indication information indicating that an ion peak is not used in a database search; and
c) a search processor configured to perform the database search using the mass spectrum of the unknown compound and configured to output at least one identification result resulting from the database search; and
a display configured to display the at least one identification result, wherein
the data-processing system is configured to (i) set the nonuse-indication information to an ion peak of one of the mass spectra of known compounds collected in the database, (ii) estimate the unknown compound through a use of the one of the mass spectra of known compounds from which the ion peak set with the nonuse-indication information is excluded, and (iii) store the nonuse-indication information in the database.

US Pat. No. 10,557,836

SYSTEM FOR COLLECTING LIQUID SAMPLES

ELEMENTAL SCIENTIFIC, INC...

1. A system comprising:a sample receiving line configured to receive a liquid segment;
a first detector configured to detect at least one of a presence or an absence of the liquid segment at a first location in the sample receiving line, the first detector configured to register the absence of the liquid segment at the first location in the sample receiving line as a first state, and register the presence of the liquid segment at the first location in the sample receiving line as a second state;
a second detector configured to detect at least one of a presence or an absence of the liquid segment at a second location in the sample receiving line downstream from the first location, the second detector configured to register the absence of the liquid segment at the second location in the sample receiving line as a first state, and register the presence of the liquid segment at the second location in the sample receiving line as a second state;
a valve coupled between the first location in the sample receiving line and the second location in the sample receiving line, the valve switchable between at least two flow path configurations;
a controller communicatively coupled with the first detector and the second detector, the controller configured to register a continuous liquid segment in the sample receiving line when the first detector is in the second state and the second detector is at the second state prior to the controller registering a change of state of the first detector from the second state to the first state;
an analysis system at the first location;
a remote sampling system at the second location remote from the first location, the remote sampling system configured to receive the liquid segment for analysis; and
a sample transfer line configured to transport the liquid segment from the second location to the first location, the sample transfer line coupled with the remote sampling system so that the remote sampling system is operable to be in fluid communication with the sample transfer line for driving the liquid segment to the first location, wherein the analysis system includes the sample receiving line, and the sample receiving line is configured to selectively couple with the sample transfer line and the analysis system so that the sample receiving line is operable to be in fluid communication with the sample transfer line to receive the liquid segment and in fluid communication with the analysis system to supply the continuous liquid segment to the analysis system.

US Pat. No. 10,557,835

AUTOMATED SYSTEM FOR SAMPLE PREPARATION AND ANALYSIS

THERMO FISHER SCIENTIFIC ...

6. An automated sample preparation and analysis system, comprising:a sample analysis system of the type that includes a mass spectrometer, the sample analysis system configured to analyze a plurality of samples according to respective assays selected from a database containing a plurality of assays; anda sample preparation system including a controller configured to adjust the order of the samples for analysis by the sample analysis system;wherein the order in which the plurality of samples are analyzed is dependent on at least one of a user specified target time to result for a sample, an automatically assigned target time to result for a sample, or a remaining target time to result for a sample; and
wherein the controller further determines whether the mass spectrometer is available for receiving a prepared sample from the sample preparation system within a predetermined amount of time less than or equal to about 6 minutes.

US Pat. No. 10,557,834

AUTO-SAMPLING SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATICALLY ACQUIRING A SAMPLE

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A sampling system configured to automatically acquire a sample from at least one source of the sample comprising:an external sampling assembly in fluidic communication with the at least one source of the sample, the external sampling assembly comprising an external sampling valve having a first sample loop and an external pump; and
a process sample manager connected to the external sampling assembly, wherein the external sampling valve has a first configuration in which the external sampling valve is configured to place the process sample manager in fluidic communication with the first sample loop, and a second configuration in which the external sampling valve is configured to place the external pump in fluidic communication with the first sample loop.

US Pat. No. 10,557,833

METHOD FOR PRIORITIZING DATA PROCESSING OF A PLURALITY OF ULTRASONIC SCAN DATA FILES

VeriPhase, Inc., Birming...

1. A method for prioritizing data processing of a plurality of ultrasonic scan data files, comprising the steps of:a. responsive to the availability of a plurality of ultrasonic scan data files, presenting a list of scan data files available for data processing to an operator through a human machine interface on a computing device;
b. conducting a plurality of tests upon said plurality of ultrasonic scan data files by retrieving configuration values in each said ultrasonic scan data file to determine the existence of configuration inconsistencies in said data file based upon one or more predetermined consistency expectations;
c. through said human machine interface, selecting one or more of said presented scan data files for batch data processing in an order fixed by said human operator;
d. under computer control, data processing each scan data file pursuant to the priority order established in said file selection step to produce a weld indications data file for each file data processed; and,
e. after said data processing step, presenting a list of said processed weld indications data files to a human operator for review through said computer interface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,832

PORTABLE ACOUSTIC APPARATUS FOR IN-SITU MONITORING OF A WELD IN A WORKPIECE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An apparatus for in-situ monitoring of a welded joint in a workpiece, comprising:an ultrasonic sending transducer and a receiving transducer;
the ultrasonic sending transducer including a probe head disposed on a plurality of individually-activatable piezoelectric elements;
the probe head including a plurality of waveguide probes projecting orthogonally from a planar surface thereof, wherein each of the waveguide probes includes a tip portion that is configured to be conformable to a bonding area of the welded joint in the workpiece, and wherein a dry couplant is attached to the tip portion;
a wave attenuator disposed between individual ones of the waveguide probes; and
a receiving transducer;
wherein the workpiece is insertable between the waveguide probes of the ultrasonic sending transducer and the receiving transducer;
wherein the ultrasonic sending transducer is disposed to urge the probe head towards the receiving transducer such that at least one of the waveguide probes physically contacts the welded joint in the workpiece;
wherein the piezoelectric elements are controllable to individually excite the at least one waveguide probe that is in physical contact with the welded joint in the workpiece; and
wherein the acoustic receiving transducer is disposed to monitor the welded joint in the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 10,557,831

PIPELINE CRACK DETECTION

General Electric Company,...

1. A method, comprising:emitting an ultrasonic signal into a test specimen from a sensor carrier module, wherein the sensor carrier module includes a phased array of sensors and the ultrasonic signal is emitted by a first sensor of the phased array of sensors;
receiving a first reflected ultrasonic signal from the test specimen by a second sensor of the phased array of sensors, wherein the first reflected ultrasonic signal is reflected from a feature in the test specimen;
defining a half-skip coverage area, wherein the first coverage area returns a half-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal as a result of the feature extending into the half-skip coverage area;
defining a one-skip coverage area, wherein the one-skip coverage area returns a one-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal as a result of the feature extending into the one-skip coverage area;
defining a one-and-a-half-skip coverage area, wherein the one-and-a-half-skip coverage area returns a one-and-a-half-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal as a result of the feature extending into the one-and-a-half-skip coverage area;
determining the feature extends into the half-skip coverage area of the test specimen based on receiving the half-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal, wherein the half-skip echo is a first reflection of the first reflected ultrasonic signal and is internally reflected within the test specimen one time;
determining the feature extends into the one-skip coverage area of the test specimen based on receiving the one-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal, wherein the one-skip echo is a second reflection of the first reflected ultrasonic signal and is internally reflected within the test specimen three times;
determining the feature extends into the one-and-a-half-skip coverage area of the test specimen based on receiving the one-and-a-half-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal, wherein the one-and-a-half-skip echo is a third reflection of the first reflected ultrasonic signal and is internally reflected within the test specimen five times; and
determining a threshold depth of the feature in the test specimen based on determining the feature extends into the half-skip coverage area, the one-skip coverage area, the one-and-a-half-skip coverage area, or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,557,830

ACOUSTIC MEANS FOR DETECTING, LOCATING AND ASSESSING IMPACTS TO WHICH A STRUCTURE IS SUBJECTED

AIRBUS, Blagnac (FR)

1. A non-contact device to detect and locate an impact on a structure, comprising:at least three non-contact acoustic sensors arranged non-aligned and positioned within a measurement enclosure in which the structure is located and in which at least one of operators and vehicles move around within and such that an acoustic wave emitted at any point of the measurement enclosure can be received by direct propagation by each of the non-contact acoustic sensors;
a command controller configured to process signals corresponding to the acoustic waves received by said at least three non-contact acoustic sensors to detect an occurrence of an impact on the structure and to locate a point of the structure that is a source of an acoustic wave following the impact and detection by said at three non-contact acoustic sensors; and
at least one optical pointer to produce a spot illumination at a distance from said at least one optical pointer, said at least one optical pointer positioned in the measurement enclosure such that points of the structure in the measurement enclosure can be illuminated by said at least one optical pointer, said at least one optical pointer being actuated by the command controller so as to designate a location in the measurement enclosure, from which a received acoustic wave is determined to originate, and correspond to an impact point located on the structure by illuminating a corresponding location of the structure.

US Pat. No. 10,557,829

TWO-DIMENSIONAL TR PROBE ARRAY

General Electric Company,...

1. An ultrasonic sensor assembly, comprising:a controller; and
a sensor array in operative association with the controller and configured to conform to a cylindrical shape of a tubular test object, the sensor array including a flexible supporting material comprising an engineering plastic, and a plurality of operable sensor elements arranged in a matrix formation within the flexible supporting material, the matrix formation including a plurality of rows of the sensor elements and a plurality of columns of the sensor elements;
wherein the sensor array, when applied to the test object, is configured to conform to the cylindrical shape of the test object such that columns of the one or more sensor elements are oriented parallel to a longitudinal axis of the test object and rows of the one or more sensor elements are oriented transverse to the longitudinal axis of the test object.

US Pat. No. 10,557,828

ULTRASONIC PHASED ARRAY TRANSDUCER FOR THE NDE INSPECTION OF THE JET PUMP RISER WELDS AND WELDED ATTACHMENTS

Westinghouse Electric Com...

1. An ultrasonic phased array transducer assembly comprising a single ultrasonic probe housing in which a plurality of phased array transducers, respectively comprised of a plurality of transducer subassemblies, are mounted with at least two of the phased array transducers respectively positioned at a skewed angle relative to a leading face of the probe housing and all of the phased array transducers are mounted at skewed angles to each other, with each of the transducer subassemblies in the respective phased array transducers mounted on a common composite wedge within the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,557,827

ELECTROSTATICALLY ACTUATED TORSIONAL RESONANT SENSORS AND SWITCHES

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. A torsional resonator sensor apparatus comprising:a resonator structure comprising a beam suspended above a substrate, the beam having a switching element at an actuated end and a sensor surface at an un-actuated end, wherein the resonator structure is configured to detect a mass of a particular agent that becomes in contact with the sensor surface; and
AC and DC voltage sources that are coupled to the resonator structure and are configured to drive the resonator structure to resonate in a stable state at an operating frequency, wherein the resonator structure is configured to cause a resonance frequency shift for the resonator structure to lower values after contact of the particular agent with the sensor surface,
wherein the beam is suspended above the substrate with torsional support members so that (1) there is an electrode area located on the substrate, next to the actuated end, and (2) there is no electrode located on the substrate, next to the un-actuated end,
wherein the torsional support members are attached to the beam between the actuated end and the un-actuated end, and
wherein the switching element is configured to be activated upon the contact of the sensor surface with the particular agent having a mass above a predefined level that causes the operating frequency to fall within a shifted pull-in frequency band for the resonator structure due to the contact of the particular agent with the sensor surface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,826

VIBRONIC SENSOR

1. An apparatus for determining and/or monitoring at least one process variable of a medium in a container, comprising:a mechanically oscillatable unit having at least one membrane and at least one oscillatory element;
a driving/receiving unit, which is embodied to excite said mechanically oscliiatable unit by means of an electrical, exciter signal of adjustable excitation frequency to execute oscillations in an oscillation mode corresponding to said excitation frequency and to receive mechanical oscillations from said mechanically osillatable unit and to convert such into an electrical received signal; and
an electronics unit, which is embodied, based on said received signal, to produce said exciter signal, and to ascertain from said received signal said at least one process variable, wherein:
said at least one membrane is connected with said driving/receiving unit;
said at least one oscillatory element has the shape of an oscillatory rod, on which a paddle is terminally formed, said at least one oscillatory element is secured on said at least one membrane in an end region remote from said paddle; and
a mass distribution, stiffness and/or geometry of said at least one oscillatable unit is/are selected in such a manner that at least one frequency corresponding to an oscillation mode of said at least one oscillatable unit higher in reference to a ground oscillation mode corresponding to a fundamental resonance frequency lies in the range between two neighboring whole-numbered multiples of said fundamental resonance frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,557,825

APPARATUS, CONTROLLER, AND METHOD FOR INSPECTING A PART

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method of inspecting a part for defects, the method comprising:applying an electromagnetic field to the part using a probe comprising a defect detection coil, a feedback detection coil, and one or more noise cancelation coils disposed adjacent to the defect detection coil on the probe, wherein the defect detection coil is configured to detect a defect in the part, the one or more noise cancelation coils are configured to cancel out at least a portion of the electromagnetic field, the feedback detection coil is configured to detect feedback produced by the electromagnetic field, and the defect detection coil is separate from the feedback detection coil;
detecting, by use of the feedback detection coil, feedback received in response to applying the electromagnetic field; and
adjusting settings corresponding to the one or more noise cancelation coils, in response to the feedback, to reduce electromagnetic noise.

US Pat. No. 10,557,824

RESILIENTLY DEFORMABLE MAGNETIC FIELD TRANSMITTER CORES FOR USE WITH UTILITY LOCATING DEVICES AND SYSTEMS

SEESCAN, INC., San Diego...

1. A magnetic field sonde for use in pipe inspection, comprising:a waterproof housing having an electronics assembly disposed in the housing and operatively coupled to a power supply for generating an output current signal;
a flexible magnetic core including:
an elongate resiliently deformable rod; and
a flexible elongate structure disposed around the elongate resiliently deformable rod;
a coil operatively coupled to the output current signal and wound on the flexible magnetic core;
a rear connector to operatively couple the sonde to a push-cable; and
a front connector to operatively couple the sonde to a pipe inspection camera head.

US Pat. No. 10,557,823

ION FILTER FOR MASS SPECTROMETER

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. An ion filter apparatus for a mass spectrometer, the apparatus comprising:an ion modifier comprised of at least one of a heater or at least two electrodes;
an ion selector comprising at least two ion gates and configured to select a subset of ions from a sample of ions based on their mobility in a gas; and
a controller configured to operate the ion modifier in a first mode to modify the ions selected by the ion selector to provide daughter ions, and configured to operate the ion modifier in a second mode to output the subset of ions selected by the ion selector;
wherein the ion filter further includes an outlet, the outlet adapted for providing output of the at least one of the subset of ions or the daughter ions to an intake of a mass spectrometer, wherein the at least two ion gates are separated from the outlet by the ion modifier, and
wherein at least one of:
the ion modifier is arranged to modify ions in a region having a gas pressure of at least 500 millibar; or
the ion selector is arranged to select ions based on their mobility in a gas having a gas pressure of at least 500 millibar.

US Pat. No. 10,557,822

ANALYTICAL TOOL AND ANALYTICAL SYSTEM

ARKRAY, Inc., Kyoto (JP)...

1. An analytical tool, comprising:a first unit including an analysis portion for analyzing a sample, and a connecting portion having a projection: and
a second unit configured to be coupled with the first unit, and including a liquid reservoir for confining a particular liquid used for analyzing the sample and configured to be connected to the connecting portion,
wherein the second unit includes a sealing member that seals the liquid reservoir, and wherein the tool is configured such that, when the second unit is connected to the connecting portion, the projection breaks the sealing member, and the fluid passage is formed,
wherein the tool is configured such that a fluid passage for conducting the particular liquid from the liquid reservoir into the first unit is formed in the analytical tool when the first unit and the second unit are coupled.

US Pat. No. 10,557,821

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR VARIANT DETECTION

LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORA...

1. A method for detecting nucleic acid sequence variants in electropherogram data, the method comprising:receiving electropherogram data comprising one or more nucleic acid sequences from a Sanger sequencing instrument;
analyzing the electropherogram data, the analysis comprising identifying mixed bases in the electropherogram data based on an orientation of each of the one or more nucleic acid sequences;
validating the identified mixed bases by extracting peak location data for each of four electropherogram channels from the analyzed electropherogram data; and
determining one or more variants in the electropherogram data based on the extracted peak location data.

US Pat. No. 10,557,820

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR NANOMEMBRANE-BASED NUCLEIC ACID SENSING PLATFORM FOR PORTABLE DIAGNOSTICS

UNIVERSITY OF NOTRE DAME ...

1. A quantitative method for determining a target nucleic acid concentration, the method comprising:making an assay mixture containing the target nucleic acid, wherein the target nucleic acid comprises an electrical charge;
providing a microchamber cell comprising:
a substrate defining a pair of opposing microchannels; a first pair of opposing electrodes in the opposing microchannels for applying a source signal and a second pair of opposing electrodes for measuring an output signal; and
at least one ion exchanging nanomembrane having a charge opposite to that of the target nucleic acid coupled between the opposing microchannels such that the opposing microchannels are connected to each other only through the nanomembrane, wherein the nanomembrane is functionalized with a probe complementary to the target nucleic acid wherein the nanomembrane is provided in a nanoslot;
flowing the assay mixture through one of the microchannels of the microchamber electrochemical cell such that assay mixture contacts the nanomembrane in a manner suitable for hybridization of the assay mixture with the probe, while the other microchannel acts as an auxiliary channel;
connecting the first pair of opposing electrodes to the device to charge the nanomembrane with the source signal;
connecting the second pair of opposing electrodes for measuring the output signal across the nanomembrane; and
detecting a shift to lower resistance in a Warburg impedance spectrum of a nucleic acid solution relative to a control without nucleic acid to determine the concentration of the target nucleic acid.

US Pat. No. 10,557,819

ELECTROLYTIC COPPER PLATING SOLUTION ANALYZER, AND ELECTROLYTIC COPPER PLATING SOLUTION ANALYSIS METHOD

TOPPAN PRINTING CO., LTD....

5. A method for analyzing an electrolytic copper plating solution, comprising:immersing a working electrode, a reference electrode and a counter electrode in an electrolytic copper plating solution that contains additives including a promoter and an inhibitor, and rotating the working electrode at a given speed, wherein the electrolytic copper plating solution is used in a plating apparatus and is kept at a given temperature;
passing an electric current with a given current density between the working electrode and the counter electrode to measure a potential between the working electrode and the reference electrode; and
analyzing a relation between an elapsed time after passage of the current and the potential,
wherein parameters indicating a condition of the electrolytic copper plating solution are calculated based on a reaction mechanism when a Cu(I) species generated on a surface of the working electrode during a deposition reaction of a copper plated film is substituted for the inhibitor, the inhibitor being located on the surface of the working electrode, as the deposition reaction of the copper plated film proceeds, and the Cu(I) species forms a complex at least with the promoter; and
identifying, by a computer, the condition of the electrolytic copper plating solution using the parameters,
wherein the relation between the elapsed time after the current passage and the potential is analyzed based on the following equations (41), (61) to (63) to calculate ii, ia and Ca*/Ti as the parameters

wherein ? is the potential indicated above, T is a given temperature indicated above, I is the given current density, t is the elapsed time, ii is an exchange current density at the time of deposition reaction of the copper plated film in a presence of the inhibitor, ia is an exchange current density at a time of the deposition reaction of the copper plated film in a presence of the Cu(I) species, Ca is a concentration of the promoter in the solution, Ti is a saturation coverage of the inhibitor on the surface of the copper plated film, k is a reaction rate at which the inhibitor is substituted with the Cu(I) species with time due to a difference in adsorption rate therebetween, R is a universal gas constant, a is a transfer coefficient, F is the Faraday constant, d is a molar density of copper, and n is the valance of copper of the copper plated film.

US Pat. No. 10,557,817

METHOD OF INSPECTING ELECTRODE PROVIDED IN GAS SENSOR ELEMENT

NGK Insulators, Ltd., Na...

1. A method of inspecting an Au (Gold) maldistribution degree at a noble metal particle surface of an inspection target electrode,wherein said inspection target electrode is provided in a gas sensor element made of oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte,
said inspection target electrode contains Pt (Platinum) and Au as noble metal components,
said gas sensor element includes a heater inside, and
said Au maldistribution degree is a value defined based on a ratio of an area of a portion at which Au is exposed on said noble metal particle surface, and calculated from a result of XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) analysis or AES (Auger electron spectroscopy) analysis on said inspection target electrode,
said method comprising the steps of:
a) producing, in advance, a calibration curve representing a relation between said Au maldistribution degree and a predetermined alternative maldistribution degree index correlated with said Au maldistribution degree and acquired in a non-destructive manner from said gas sensor element heated to a predetermined temperature by said heater;
b) acquiring, as an inspection value, a value of said alternative maldistribution degree index for said inspection target electrode of the gas sensor element as an inspection target while the gas sensor element is heated to said predetermined temperature; and
c) determining whether the Au maldistribution degree at said inspection target electrode satisfies a predetermined standard based on said calibration curve produced through said step a) and said inspection value acquired through said step b).

US Pat. No. 10,557,816

SENSOR ELEMENT FOR DETECTING HCL GAS, SENSOR DEVICE HAVING THE SENSOR ELEMENT, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SENSOR ELEMENT

1. A sensor element for detecting hydrogen chloride (HCl) gas, the sensor element comprising:an ionic layer including a Ag ion obtained through ionization;
an ion conductive layer comprising AgI that is a solid electrolyte, in which the Ag ion is conducted, the ion conductive layer being formed on the ionic layer; and
a reactive layer comprising AgCl that reacts with the HCl gas, in which the Ag ion conducted from the ion conductive layer and HCl gas react with each other, the reactive layer being formed on the ion conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,557,815

PARTICULATE MATTER DETECTION SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A particulate matter detection sensor comprising;a sensor element configured to detect particulate matter contained in a measuring gas, the sensor element being provided with a pair of detection electrodes which consist of a positive electrode and negative electrode, the insulating body having a detecting portion provided on a surface of the insulating body, the pair of detection electrodes each having one side and being embedded to make the one side exposed on the detecting portion, the detecting portion having a surface with a center part; and
a cover body configured to cover an opening of a cylindrical housing which accommodates the sensor element, the cover body provided with gas inlet/outlet holes, the measuring gas being introduced and discharged through the gas inlet/outlet holes,
wherein each of the detection electrodes composing the one pair of detection electrodes is provided with a plurality of wire electrodes exposed on a front surface of the detecting portion, the wire electrode being electrically connected to the positive electrode and the wire electrode being electrically connected to the negative electrode alternately disposed in parallel to each other;
either one of a first insulation layer and a second insulation layer is disposed between two adjacent wire electrodes, among the wire electrodes, the first insulation layer configuring an electrode interval Dn as a first interval between two mutually adjacent wire electrodes of the detection electrodes, the second insulation layer configuring an electrode interval Dw as a second interval, the electrode interval Dw being configured as a wider interval than the interval Dn being a narrow interval, the second insulation layer having a plurality of insulation layers, the plurality of insulation layers having thicknesses which are different from each other, and
the first insulation layer is provided in the center part of the detecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,557,814

ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTOR

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An electrochemical detector comprising at least one substance selection structure disposed adjacent or proximate to an electronic device structure, wherein the at least one substance selection structure and the electronic device structure are fabricated on a plurality of separate substrates; and an intermediate substrate connecting the at least one substance selection structure and the electronic device structure; wherein the substance selection structure is arranged to interact with a target substance so as to alter an electrical characteristic of the electronic device structure,wherein the at least one substance selection structure is arranged to interact with at least one electrically charged chemical ion of the target substance;
wherein each of the at least one substance selection structure includes an ion-selective electrode;
wherein the ion-selective electrode comprises an ion-selective membrane arranged to selectively chelate with the at least one electrically charged chemical ion, and wherein the target substance is in contact with the ion-selective membrane;
wherein the ion selective electrode further comprises an ion-electron transducer arranged to generate a potentiometric signal in response to the interaction between the target substance and the substance selection structure; and
wherein the ion-electron transducer includes a conductive polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,557,813

OCCUPANT CLASSIFICATION APPARATUS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An occupant classification apparatus comprising:an electrode device for detecting an occupant seated in a seat;
an occupant property measurement apparatus for measuring capacitance of and an amount of moisture contained in the occupant detected by the electrode device; and
a controller configured for estimating the occupant based on the capacitance and the amount of moisture measured by the occupant property measurement apparatus,
wherein the occupant property measurement apparatus includes:
a discharge response signal generator for generating a discharge response signal corresponding to an amount of charge stored according to the capacitance of the occupant detected by the electrode device;
a capacitance determination circuit for generating a signal configured for estimating the capacitance of the occupant from the discharge response signal; and
a moisture detector for detecting the amount of moisture contained in the occupant according to change in electrical resistance of the occupant detected by the electrode device, and
wherein the discharge response signal generator applies a direct current (DC) power supply voltage to the electrode device to store charge according to the capacitance of the occupant detected by the electrode device and discharges the charge stored according to the capacitance of the occupant to generate the discharge response signal corresponding to the amount of charge stored according to the capacitance of the occupant.

US Pat. No. 10,557,812

GAS SENSORS

STMICROELECTRONICS PTE LT...

1. A device, comprising:a substrate;
a heater formed on the substrate, the heater having:
a first conductive layer including:
a first main portion extending in a first direction, the first main portion having a first side and a second side opposite to the first side; and
a plurality of second portions extending from the first main portion in a second direction that is transverse to the first direction, each of the plurality of second portions extending outward from the first side of the first main portion and outward from the second side of the first main portion; and
a second conductive layer on the first conductive layer, the second conductive layer including an opening that exposes the first main portion and the plurality of second portions; and
an active sensor layer on the heater.

US Pat. No. 10,557,811

SENSOR FITTING FOR BIOTECH PROCESS BAG

Pendotech, Princeton, NJ...

1. A sensor connection for a fluid process application bag comprising:a fluid process application bag having an opening;
a port plate sealed around the opening of the fluid process application bag, the port plate having a hole, a receptacle defining a passage in fluid communication with the fluid process application bag, a skirt portion extending radially outward from the receptacle, and a plurality of retention tabs spaced circumferentially around the receptacle and extending axially from an upper rim of the receptacle;
a sensor fitting having a part of a body portion seated within the passage of the receptacle and being coupled to the receptacle via the plurality of retention tabs engaging with a retention tab groove formed on a head portion of the sensor fitting; and
a sensor contained within the sensor fitting, the sensor having at least one probe communicating with the interior of the fluid process application bag,
wherein a plurality of guards are defined on a surface of the port plate opposite a surface where the receptacle is defined and protrude outwardly therefrom, such that the hole of the port plate is positioned in between each of the plurality of guards, and
wherein the plurality of guards have a height measured from a bottom of the port plate that is equal to or slightly greater than a length of the at least one probe.

US Pat. No. 10,557,810

ICE NUCLEATING PARTICLE SPECTROMETER

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A spectrometer, comprising:a housing located on top of a chiller unit, the chiller unit comprising:
a cavity configured to be filled with a coolant, and
a coil positioned to be submerged in presence of the coolant;
a hose to supply cold gas from the coil to a well area in the housing, the hose having a first end and the second end, wherein the first end is coupled to one end of the coil and the second end is coupled to a side of the housing;
one or more metal blocks located inside the cavity of the chiller unit and positioned to be partially immersed in the coolant, wherein each metal block has a top surface with a plurality of indentations;
a thermistor located in one of the one or more metal blocks to measure temperature of a region surrounding the one or more metal blocks;
one or more sample trays located on top of the one or more metal blocks, wherein each sample tray comprises a plurality of wells that extend downwards from a bottom of each sample tray and that fit within the plurality of indentations of the one or more metal blocks;
a lid to cover the plurality of wells to insulate air above the plurality of wells from room temperature air;
a camera located on a top surface of the housing to capture images of samples located in the plurality of wells;
a plurality of light sources located on the housing to provide a stable lighting environment in the housing; and
a computing device comprising a processor and a memory including instructions stored thereon, wherein the instructions upon execution by the processor configure the computing device to:
program the chiller unit to reach a certain end temperature to freeze samples located in the plurality of wells; and
record, using the camera, an intensity of light reflected from the samples located in the plurality of wells at least during the temperature of the chiller unit is adjusted.

US Pat. No. 10,557,809

MODIFIED PULSE SEQUENCE TO ESTIMATE PROPERTIES

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method of estimating a property of a material using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), the method comprising:inducing a measurable change in the material using an NMR pulse;
after a predetermined time interval, making a measurement of a material response to the induction using NMR, wherein the material response exponentially decays following the induction;
repeating the inducing and the measuring at non-uniform predetermined time intervals, wherein the non-uniform predetermined time intervals are determined based on the property to be estimated; and
estimating the property based at least in part on the measurements of the exponentially decaying material response.

US Pat. No. 10,557,808

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISCRIMINATING RESIN

Shimadzu Corporation, Ky...

1. A resin discriminating apparatus comprising:a) an X-ray source which emits X-rays;
b) an X-ray detector which detects X-rays emitted from a sample irradiated with X-rays;
c) a spectrum creating unit which creates a spectrum on the basis of a detection signal obtained by the X-ray detector;
d) a scattering intensity ratio calculation unit which detects a spectral line due to Compton scattering and a spectral line due to Rayleigh scattering derived from a target element of the X-ray source on the spectrum, and calculates a scattering intensity ratio which is a ratio of the Rayleigh scattering intensity and the Compton scattering intensity;
e) a resin type discrimination unit which discriminates the type of resin contained in the sample from the scattering intensity ratio, and
f) a storage section which stores a scattering intensity ratio previously obtained for a plurality of known resins,
wherein the resin type discrimination unit discriminates the type of resin contained in the sample, by comparing the scattering intensity ratio calculated by the scattering intensity ratio calculation unit with the plurality of scattering intensity ratios stored in the storage section,
wherein the resin type discrimination unit obtains a relational expression in which a plurality of scattering intensity ratios stored in the storage section is set as independent variables and a scattering intensity ratio calculated by the scattering intensity ratio calculation unit is set as a dependent variable by regression analysis, and discriminates the type and a mixing ratio of the resin contained in the sample from coefficients of the respective independent variables in the obtained relational expression,
wherein, when a plurality of the relational expressions is obtained by the regression analysis, the resin type discrimination unit discriminates the type of resin contained in the sample from the coefficients of the respective independent variables in each relational expression, and obtains a degree of coincidence between the scattering intensity ratio obtained from the relational expression and the scattering intensity ratio calculated by the scattering intensity ratio calculation unit, and
wherein the resin discriminating apparatus further comprises a coincidence degree display section which displays the type of resin contained in the sample discriminated by the resin discrimination unit for each of the plurality of relational expressions and the degree of coincidence.

US Pat. No. 10,557,807

3D PRINTED MICROFLUIDIC MIXERS AND NOZZLES FOR CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS ...

1. A system for conducting time-resolved serial femtosecond X-ray crystallography, the system comprising:a hybrid nozzle including a microfluidic mixer integrally formed with a liquid jet injector, the hybrid nozzle further including
a housing;
a first fluid inlet channel formed in the housing and configured to receive a substrate solution,
a second fluid inlet channel formed in the housing and configured to receive a crystal suspension, and
an outlet channel formed in the housing and coaxially formed with the second fluid inlet channel and in fluid communication with the first fluid inlet channel to provide mixing of the substrate solution and the crystal suspension within 1 ms to 5 ms, and
wherein the mixture is transported to a chamber via the liquid jet injector for crystallographic analysis,
wherein the first fluid inlet channel includes a first portion having a first diameter, a second portion having a second diameter less than the first diameter, and a third portion having a third diameter less than the first diameter and the second diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,557,806

CT SYSTEM AND CT METHOD

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A CT system comprising:two x-ray sources for rotating about and concurrently or subsequently emitting radiation through an imaging region,
two detectors, one per x-ray source, for detecting radiation after penetration through the imaging region,
two read-out units, one per detector, for reading out the detected radiation from the respective detector,
a control unit for controlling said x-ray sources by alternately switching each of said x-ray sources on and off so that in a first phase only the first x-ray source emits radiation, in a second phase both x-ray sources emit radiation and in a third phase only the second x-ray source emits radiation and for controlling said read-out units such that radiation detected by a detector during a phase in which the corresponding x-ray source is switched off is distinguished from radiation detected by the same detector during a phase in which the corresponding x-ray source is switched on, and
a reconstruction unit for reconstructing a projection from a scatter-corrected readout-signal,wherein a scatter correction unit is provided or the read-out units are configured to generate scatter-corrected read-out signals from the detected radiation, wherein a scatter-corrected read-out signal is generated from the radiation detected by a detector during a single projection interval including multiple repetitions of said three phases and read out by the corresponding read-out unit.

US Pat. No. 10,557,805

HIGH THROUGHPUT METHODS OF ANALYZING SEED COTTON USING X-RAY IMAGING

MONSANTO TECHNOLOGY LLC, ...

1. A system for analyzing intact cotton, said system comprising:a plurality of seed cotton sample containers, each seed cotton sample container structured and operable to retain an intact cotton sample;
a sample support platform structured and operable to have the intact cotton samples containers disposed thereon;
an X-ray scanner system including an X-ray image data generation assembly, the X-ray scanner system structured and operable to generate X-ray image data of one or more intact cotton sample retained within the one or more of the seed cotton sample containers disposed on the sample support platform within an imaging field of the X-ray image data generation assembly; and
a computer based system structured and operable to execute image analysis software to analyze the image data and determine at least one metric of each of the one or more intact cotton sample.

US Pat. No. 10,557,804

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR WEAR MONITORING USING RF REFLECTIONS

REI, Inc., Salt Lake Cit...

1. A system for wear monitoring, comprising:a moving non-metallic surface, the moving non-metallic surface comprising artifacts comprising joining or structural reinforcing metallic elements;
integrated metallic shapes embedded at pre-determined depths in the moving non-metallic surface;
stationary focused radio-wave transmitters positioned on a first side of the moving non-metallic surface and transmitting focused radio frequencies;
stationary focused radio-wave receivers positioned on a second opposite side of the moving non-metallic surface;
wherein the moving non-metallic surface, the artifacts, and the integrated metallic shapes produce a signature of the radio waves transmitted by the stationary focused radio-wave transmitters along an entire length and breadth of the non-metallic surface; and
wherein detection of the signature of the radio waves from the stationary focused radio-wave transmitters by the stationary focused radio-wave receivers is averaged over time to map a condition of the moving non-metallic surface to infer wear.

US Pat. No. 10,557,803

SURFACE HEIGHT DETERMINATION OF TRANSPARENT FILM

Onto Innovation Inc., Wi...

1. A method of characterizing a test sample that is a semiconductor sample, the method comprising:measuring with an optical metrology device a first surface topography of at least one reference sample having a surface film that is at least partially transparent to one or more wavelengths of light used by the optical metrology device, wherein the first surface topography comprises a first relative height of a top surface of the at least one reference sample at each measurement position in a first plurality of measurement positions on the at least one reference sample;
measuring with the optical metrology device a second surface topography of the at least one reference sample after an opaque film is deposited over the surface film, wherein the opaque film is opaque to the one or more wavelengths of light used by the optical metrology device, wherein the second surface topography comprises a second relative height of the top surface of the at least one reference sample at each measurement position in the first plurality of measurement positions;
storing the first surface topography and the second surface topography of the at least one reference sample and a position of each measurement position in the first plurality of measurement positions on the at least one reference sample;
measuring with the optical metrology device a third surface topography of the test sample, wherein the test sample is nominally the same as the at least one reference sample and includes a surface film that is at least partially transparent to the one or more wavelengths of light used by the optical metrology device and does not include an opaque film deposited over the surface film, wherein the third surface topography comprises a third relative height of a top surface of the test sample at each measurement position in a second plurality of measurement positions on the test sample, wherein a position of each measurement position in the second plurality of measurement positions on the test sample is the same as the position of each measurement position in the first plurality of measurement positions on the at least one reference sample;
determining a differential surface topography by comparing the first surface topography to the third surface topography;
determining a proxy surface topography of the test sample by combining the differential surface topography with the second surface topography, wherein the proxy surface topography comprises a fourth relative height of the top surface of the test sample at each measurement position in the second plurality of measurement positions on the test sample;
determining a characteristic of the test sample with the proxy surface topography of the test sample; and
communicating a signal to a process tool that causes the process tool to adjust a process parameter associated with a fabrication process step of a sample fabrication sequence based on the characteristic of the test sample.

US Pat. No. 10,557,802

CAPTURE OF REPEATER DEFECTS ON A SEMICONDUCTOR WAFER

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:performing, using the processor, repeater analysis on a semiconductor wafer at a first threshold to remove non-repeater defects and identify repeater defects, wherein the repeater defects are located at a coordinate that is the same on each reticle;
receiving, at the processor, images on every reticle of the semiconductor wafer at the coordinate;
obtaining, using the processor, a plurality of signed difference images, wherein each of the signed difference images is for one of the images at the coordinate;
calculating, using the processor, a mean normalized value for the signed difference images;
evaluating, using the processor, a consistency of a polarity in the signed difference images;
applying, using the processor, a repeater threshold to the images;
determining, using the processor, a number of defects that remain at the coordinate after the repeater threshold is applied; and
setting the repeater threshold using the processor thereby providing a filter for nuisance.

US Pat. No. 10,557,801

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INSPECTING SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATOR, AND EXPOSURE METHOD AND DEVICE

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus for exposing an object, comprising:an illumination system which supplies exposure light;
a spatial light modulator having a base and a plurality of mirrors, each reflecting the exposure light, each of the plurality of mirrors being arranged on the base in parallel with the base;
a projection optical system which projects the exposure light from the spatial light modulator onto the object; and
an inspecting system including a light receiver which receives light from the plurality of mirrors of the spatial light modulator by way of the projection optical system, the inspecting system inspects deforming state of the base on the basis of an output from the light receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,557,800

CALIBRATING INSPECTION DEVICES

Owens-Brockway Glass Cont...

1. An inspection device calibration method, comprising:mounting a laser-operated calibration device to a calibration fixture including an adjustable target having alignment indicia;
illuminating the adjustable target with laser light from the calibration device;
adjusting the adjustable target to operatively align the alignment indicia with the laser light;
removing the calibration device from the calibration fixture;
mounting to the calibration fixture an inspection device including one or more adjustable features; and
operating the inspection device, including adjusting the inspection device to operatively align the inspection device with the adjustable target.

US Pat. No. 10,557,799

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR THE INSPECTION OF CONTAINERS

TECH PRO PACKAG S.L., Am...

1. An assembly comprising:an inspection apparatus for detecting holes or cracks in a container that possesses an interior and an open end, the inspection apparatus comprising:
a light detector for detecting light in the interior of the container;
a movable support having a first end, a second end and an inner through conduit extending between and through the first and second ends, the through conduit configured to communicate light received at the first end towards the light detector, the movable support movable between a first axial position and a second axial position, in the second axial position the second end of the movable support is located nearer the light detector than when the movable support is in the first axial position;
an elastic member that acts on the movable support to continuously urge the movable support towards the first axial position; and
a stop with an inner through opening located on the first end of the moveable support, the stop configured to contact the open end of the container in a manner that prevents light from entering the interior of the container through the open end of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,557,798

SUBSTRATE SUPPORTED SEL STAGE AND HOUSING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus comprising:a housing comprising:
sidewalls; and
a base extending between and supported by the sidewalls, the base and the sidewalls forming a cavity;
a substrate supported by the housing; and
a surface enhanced luminescence (SEL) stage supported by the substrate between the substrate and the base, wherein the base comprises a focusing lens opposite the SEL stage.

US Pat. No. 10,557,796

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE TRANSMITTANCE OF A FLAT GLASS SUBSTRATE

1. A method for determining the transmittance of a flat-glass substrate with a measuring device, with which light of at least one light source is guided from one side of the flat-glass substrate through the flat-glass substrate to the opposite side of the flat-glass substrate, where it is captured by at least one receiving unit and the transmittance of the flat-glass substrate is determined by means of a comparison between the intensity of the light emitted by the light source and the light incident upon the receiving unit, wherein the light source is a surface-like diffuse light source, and the receiving unit comprises at least one spatially resolving receiver, between which the flat-glass substrate is positioned, and the transmittance is determined in a spatially resolved manner in a partial surface of the flat-glass substrate, which is covered by a measuring image of the spatially-resolving receiver, by an evaluation of brightness values in the measuring image,wherein light of the light source is captured by the receiving unit in at least one area next to the flat-glass substrate without passing through the flat-glass substrate;
wherein the light of the light source captured by the receiving unit without passing through the flat-glass substrate is used for defining a reference value for the calibration of the measuring device; and
wherein a measuring image of at least one outer receiver, which reproduces a border area of the flat-glass substrate, also includes an area next to the flat-glass substrate via which this outer receiver obtains a reference value with a defined calibration value and the measuring system of further receivers is calibrated in a step-by-step alignment with the respectively adjacent measuring system.

US Pat. No. 10,557,795

METAL ION DETECTION EQUIPMENT AND METAL ION DETECTION METHOD

National Tsing Hua Univer...

1. A metal ion detection equipment, comprising:a porous silicon resonant cavity structure, wherein a sample solution permeates into the porous silicon resonant cavity structure;
an electrochemical device, reducing a to-be-detected metal ion of the sample solution in the porous silicon resonant cavity structure into a to-be-detected metal, wherein the electrochemical device comprises:
a reaction chamber, configured to load the sample solution;
a working electrode and a counter electrode, disposed in the reaction chamber, wherein the porous silicon resonant cavity structure is disposed on the working electrode; and
a potentiostat, connected to the working electrode and the counter electrode; and
a spectrum detecting device, detecting a spectral variation of a reflective light from the porous silicon resonant cavity structure.

US Pat. No. 10,557,794

OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR MEASURING PRESSURE AND PHASE CHANGES IN FLUIDS

Colorado School of Mines,...

1. A method of measuring a fluid characteristic, comprising:providing a fluid channel at least partially defined by a substrate material having a refractive index;
providing a fluid in the fluid channel at a first pressure, the fluid having a refractive index that is different than the refractive index of the substrate material;
transmitting an initial electromagnetic radiation beam to the substrate material and the fluid, wherein the initial electromagnetic radiation beam comprises a first electromagnetic radiation beam and a second electromagnetic radiation beam;
reflecting the first electromagnetic radiation beam off a first surface of the substrate material, and reflecting the second electromagnetic radiation beam through the fluid and off a second surface of the substrate material;
detecting a first interference pattern produced by the reflected first and second electromagnetic radiation beams; and
comparing the first interference pattern to a second interference pattern to determine a fluid characteristic;
providing the fluid in the fluid channel at a second pressure;
transmitting a further initial electromagnetic radiation beam to the fluid channel and the fluid, wherein the further initial electromagnetic radiation beam comprises a third electromagnetic radiation beam and a fourth electromagnetic radiation beam;
reflecting the third electromagnetic radiation beam off the first surface of the substrate material, and reflecting the fourth electromagnetic radiation beam through the fluid and off the second surface of the substrate material; and
detecting the second interference pattern produced by the reflected third and fourth electromagnetic radiation beams.

US Pat. No. 10,557,793

SCANNING MICROSCOPE USING A PROBE BEAM DEFLECTION TECHNIQUE (PBDT)

United States of America ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a probe beam generator configured to generate a probe beam;
a first polarizing filter positioned between the probe beam generator and a translucent medium and configured to polarize the probe beam in a first direction perpendicular to a direction of propagation of the probe beam;
a beam splitter positioned to receive the probe beam after it has been transmitted through the translucent medium, the beam splitter operable to split the received probe beam into a first split beam and second split beam;
a probe beam deflection detector that receives the first split beam and is configured to provide one or more deflection signals in response to deflections of the first split beam associated with a refractive index variation in the translucent medium;
a second polarizing filter that receives the second split beam and is oriented to polarize the second split beam in a second direction, perpendicular to the first direction and perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the probe beam; and
an intensity sensor that receives the second split beam after it has passed through the second polarizing filter, where intensity sensor provides an intensity signal associated with a polarization shift in the translucent medium.

US Pat. No. 10,557,792

SPECTRAL MODELING FOR COMPLEX ABSORPTION SPECTRUM INTERPRETATION

1. A spectral line interpretation method determining gas component concentrations in a complex gas mixture using an absorption spectroscope apparatus, the method comprising:measuring absorption spectra from a sample gas mixture having a difficult-to-interpret spectrum;
determining major absorbing gas components of the sample gas mixture;
modeling each sample gas component that has simple spectral lines with a calculated spectrum using a selected line-shape model;
modeling each sample gas component that has complex spectral lines with basis-set spectra obtained from previous measurements of known gases at multiple different temperatures and pressures, including interpolating the basis-set spectra obtained from previous measurements of known gases to determine a basis-set spectra associated with the sample gas component at a present temperature and pressure of the sample gas component;
additively combining selected line shapes of simple spectral lines with basis sets with multiplicative factors applied for each gas component; and
varying multiplicative factors to optimize a least-squares minimization of the additively combined spectral lines to fit measured spectral data of a complex gas mixture, a best fit of multiplicative factors corresponding to a set of concentrations of the respective sample gas components.

US Pat. No. 10,557,791

OPTICAL ANALYZER

TOPCON CORPORATION, Toky...

1. An optical analyzer comprising:an irradiating optical system having a light source, an elliptical mirror that concentrates light from the light source and that forms a secondary light source point, and a lens member that condenses the light from the secondary light source point to a measurement point of a measurement object as irradiating light;
a spectrometer that receives at least some of the light that has been reflected from the measurement object and that analyzes the material of the measurement object on the basis of the received light; and
a reflector that is arranged so as to be coaxial with the irradiating optical system and to be in light flux of the irradiating light, the reflector configured to reflect at least some of the light that has been reflected back from the measurement object to the lens member by returning on an optical axis of the irradiating optical system while passing through a path that is passed through by the irradiating light, and the reflector configured to reflect the at least some of the light in a direction different from the direction of the optical axis of the irradiating optical system between the lens member and the light source or between the lens member and the measurement object, thereby conducting the at least some of the light to the spectrometer,
wherein the at least some of the light to be reflected by the reflector after being reflected back from the measurement object has a light flux diameter at a position of the reflector, and the light flux diameter is smaller than a light flux diameter, at the position of the reflector, of the irradiating light that is emitted from the lens member to the measurement object.

US Pat. No. 10,557,790

CARBON ISOTOPE ANALYSIS DEVICE AND CARBON ISOTOPE ANALYSIS METHOD

SEKISUI MEDICAL CO., LTD....

1. A carbon isotope analyzer comprising:an isotopic carbon dioxide generator to generate isotopic carbon dioxide from a carbon isotope;
a spectrometer comprising an optical resonator having a pair of mirrors, and a photodetector to determine the intensity of light transmitted from the optical resonator; and
a light generator,
wherein the intensity of the transmitted light is determined while the isotopic carbon dioxide is cooled, via a cooling device, to 273K(0° C.) or less.

US Pat. No. 10,557,789

NANOSCALE INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY WITH MULTI-FREQUENCY ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY

Bruker Nano, Inc., Santa...

1. A method for obtaining spectroscopic information about a sub-micron region of a sample on a sample mount using an atomic force microscope, the method comprising:a) Interacting a probe of the atomic force microscope (AFM) with the sub-micron region of the sample;
b) Illuminating the sample with a top down beam of radiation;
c) Measuring a response of the AFM probe due to absorption of incident radiation at a plurality of radiation wavelengths;
d) Determining the AFM probe response at a plurality of AFM probe oscillation frequencies;
e) Decomposing the AFM probe response at the plurality of AFM probe oscillation frequencies into sub-micron sample region components at about an apex of a tip of the probe, and background components, and use the sub-micron sample region components to calculate spectroscopic information about the sub-micron region of the sample, wherein the background components are caused by absorption of the radiation by at least one of a cantilever of the probe, part of the tip of the probe away from the tip apex, and a region of the sample away from the tip apex; and
f) Storing a representation of the spectroscopic information on a machine readable medium.

US Pat. No. 10,557,788

SENSOR

Aqua21 Limited, Edinburg...

1. An apparatus for detecting a concentration of one or more substances in a fluid, the apparatus comprising:a housing arranged to contain the fluid;
a source operable to generate and direct light through the housing, wherein the housing is configured to focus light passing therethrough; and
a detector operable to detect an intensity of light transmitted through the housing,
wherein a distance between the source and the detector is selectively adjustable in dependence upon a substance of the one or more substances to be detected and a wavelength of the light generated by the source.

US Pat. No. 10,557,787

DETECTION OF COMPOUNDS IN MATERIAL SAMPLES UTILIZING A TRANSFORMATION AND SUBSEQUENT DECOMPOSITION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method of detecting a compound in a material sample, the method comprising:generating a transformation from a set of IR spectra of a set of identified chemical compounds, in which the compound is one of the set of identified chemical compounds;
applying the transformation to an IR spectrum of the material sample to form a transformed IR spectrum;
applying a decomposition to the transformed IR spectrum, wherein the decomposition is different than the transformation; and
generating results indicative of a presence or an absence of the compound based on an output of the decomposition.

US Pat. No. 10,557,786

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SAMPLE USE MAXIMIZATION

Theranos IP Company, LLC,...

1. A method of performing cytometry, comprising:receiving in a sample processing device a cartridge comprising a blood sample obtained from a subject; wherein the cartridge further comprises:
at least two pipette tips;
at least one assay unit;
an extraction tip;
a centrifugation vessel;
a cytometry cuvette, wherein the cytometry cuvette comprises at least two channels, wherein each channel comprises at least one sample entry port;
all reagents for performing cytometry, wherein the all reagents comprises at least two antibodies that bind to cell surface markers of white blood cells;
and wherein the sample processing device comprises:
a centrifuge;
a fluid transfer device comprising a pipette, wherein the pipette comprises a plurality of pipette heads, wherein a first pipette head and a second pipette head are configured to engage the cytometry cuvette and transport the cytometry cuvette from the cartridge to an imaging platform; wherein the first pipette head and the second pipette head are configured to engage with a first pipette tip and a second pipette tip when not engaged with the cytometry cuvette;
the imaging platform configured to receive the cytometry cuvette, wherein the imaging platform comprises a light source, camera, and translation stage, wherein the translation stage is configured to move in the X, Y, and Z directions; and
an imaging device for imaging hematocrit of the blood sample;
engaging the first pipette head and the second pipette head of the pipette with the cytometry cuvette in the cartridge and transporting the cytometry cuvette from the cartridge to the imaging platform;
disengaging the first pipette head and the second pipette head from the cytometry cuvette;
engaging the first pipette head or the second pipette head of a liquid handling system with a pipette tip and transferring the blood sample to the centrifugation vessel;
centrifuging the blood sample in the centrifuge to obtain a plasma layer and a cell pellet;
measuring hematocrit of the centrifuged blood sample by imaging with the imaging device;
engaging the fluid transfer device with the at least one extraction tip and aspirating the plasma from the centrifuged blood sample;
resuspending the cell pellet and binding the at least two antibodies to the white blood cells in the cell pellet;
isolating the white blood cells and transferring with the fluid transfer device the white blood cells to the sample entry port of a channel of the cytometry cuvette; and
detecting the white blood cells with the camera of the imaging platform.

US Pat. No. 10,557,785

TEST METHOD TO SIMULATE SHALE OIL RECOVERY

ALCHEMY SCIENCES, INC., ...

1. A fracture simulated oil recovery test apparatus comprising:a sleeve, the sleeve positioned within an oven;
an oil saturated matrix positioned within the sleeve;
a proppant pack positioned within the oil saturated matrix, the proppant pack having an inlet an outlet; and
a controller, the controller adapted to control the pressure within the oil saturated matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,557,784

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EXHAUST PARTICULATE MATTER SENSING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A particulate matter (PM) sensor, comprising:a pair of continuous interdigitated electrodes formed on a sensor surface and including two planar, non-interdigitated electrode portions and a plurality of uniformly spaced protruding interdigitated electrode portions, each contiguous with and extending from one of the two planar, non-interdigitated electrode portions, positioned in a staggered arrangement along and directly on the sensor surface, where a plurality of blocks is positioned in between each alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions, wherein each of the plurality of blocks is separated from one another by a first space with no other components therebetween and composed of material that is not conducting, the first space arranged between adjacent blocks, the adjacent blocks arranged between a same alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions, and wherein each alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions is separated from one another by a second space with no components therebetween, the second space arranged between adjacent alternate pairs of the interdigitated electrode portions.

US Pat. No. 10,557,783

METHOD FOR DETERMINING EQUILIBRIUM WETTABILITY OF AN INTERFACE BETWEEN A VOID SPACE AND A SOLID PHASE OF A ROCK SAMPLE

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method for determining equilibrium wettability of an interface of a void space and a solid phase of a rock sample, the method comprising:obtaining a three-dimensional image of an internal structure of a rock sample,
on the obtained three-dimensional image of the internal structure of the sample, differentiating a void space and a solid phase, and determining an interface of the void space and the solid phase of the sample,
determining distribution of minerals on the interface between the void space and the solid phase of the sample,
determining wettability of the solid phase at each point of the interface between the void space and the solid phase of the rock sample,
numerically simulating the process of oil migration in the void space of the sample and
determining the equilibrium wettability of the interface between the void space and the solid phase of the rock sample.

US Pat. No. 10,557,782

PRESSURE CELL FOR RHEOLOGICAL EXPERIMENTS UNDER OSCILLATORY SHEAR AND PRESSURE

Waters GmbH, Eschborn (D...

1. A measuring device for measuring an elasticity and a viscosity of a medium, the measuring device comprising:a volume for receiving the medium to be measured, said volume being delimited by a first part,
a second part that protrudes into the volume;
wherein:
the first part in relation to the second part is sealed by way of a gas flow seal, and
the first part in relation to the second part is movable in a rotating movement and a predefined axis,
wherein the gas flow seal comprises:
the first part in a region of the gas flow seal has a first cylindrical sleeve portion and a second cylindrical sleeve portion,
the second part in a region of the gas flow seal has a first cylindrical portion and a second cylindrical portion,
the first cylindrical sleeve portion of the first part and the first cylindrical portion of the second part form a first cylindrical gap,
the second cylindrical sleeve portion of the first part and the second cylindrical portion of the second part form a second cylindrical gap, and
a pressurized gas supply is provided between the first cylindrical gap and the second cylindrical gap,
wherein the second cylindrical gap on the side that faces away from the pressurized gas supply opens into the volume for receiving the medium to be measured and the measuring device is configured such that the pressurized gas flows out through the first cylindrical gap.

US Pat. No. 10,557,781

BENDING TEST DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A bending test device for a flexible display device, comprising:a bending device comprising a bending shaft, an upper bending plate, and a lower fixing plate, wherein the bending shaft is disposed between the upper bending plate and the lower fixing plate, an end of the upper bending plate is fixedly connected to the bending shaft, the bending shaft is configured to rotate to move the upper bending plate to rotate toward the lower fixing plate, and the lower fixing plate is fixed on a workbench;
an upper clamping plate disposed on a surface of the upper bending plate, wherein the upper clamping plate is configured to slide along the surface of the upper bending plate, a surface of the upper clamping plate that is away from the upper bending plate is an upper placing surface for the flexible display device, and the upper placing surface for the flexible display device is provided with a first fixing clip configured to fix an upper portion of the flexible display device;
a lower clamping plate disposed on a surface of the lower fixing plate, wherein the lower clamping plate is configured to slide along the surface of the lower fixing plate, a surface of the lower clamping plate that is away from the lower fixing plate is a lower placing surface for the flexible display device, and the lower placing surface for the flexible display device is provided with a second fixing clip configured to fix a lower portion of the flexible display device;
a first tension measuring element disposed on an upper portion of the upper bending plate and connected to an end of the upper clamping plate that is away from the bending shaft;
a second tension measuring element disposed on a lower portion of the lower fixing plate and connected to an end of the lower clamping plate that is away from the bending shaft, and a flexible connection is at least formed between the first tension measuring element and the upper clamping plate, or formed between the second tension measuring element and the lower clamping plate; and
a motion device connected to at least one end of the bending shaft and configured to drive the bending shaft to rotate, wherein the bending shaft and a connecting end of the motion device are provided with a gear, the motion device comprises a motor and a crank slider mechanism, the crank slider mechanism comprises a cam and a rack, the motor is connected to the cam through a driving shaft, the rack is connected to an edge of the cam through a connecting rod, the crank slider mechanism is configured to convert rotational motion of the motor to rectilinear motion of the rack, the rack is engaged with the gear of the bending shaft, and the rectilinear motion of the rack is converted to rotational motion of the gear so that the bending shaft rotates;
wherein a shaft sleeve is disposed on the bending shaft, at least one bearing is disposed in the shaft sleeve so that the shaft sleeve and the flexible display device have synchronized movement.

US Pat. No. 10,557,780

BOARD TESTING APPARATUS

DS SMITH PACKAGING LTD, ...

1. A testing machine adapted to carry out a method of non-destructively testing a structural characteristic of a corrugated board, the method comprising the steps ofperforming a non-destructive compression test on a sample region of a corrugated board of a known design,
from said non-destructive compression test, providing a reading of said sample region's compression test characteristic,
comparing that characteristic against a predefined acceptable characteristic that said known design of corrugated board should have, and
concluding as to whether the board, or that region of the board, meets a required compression stiffness parameter,wherein the testing machine comprises:a) a support surface on which the region of the board can lay,
b) a pressure plate with which a testing force can be applied to an opposing side of the board so as to apply a compression force across a thickness of the board towards the support surface,
c) at least one sensor for sensing data, the data comprising a deflection by and a force from the board, and
d) a database or look-up table for checking the sensed data against a predetermined force per deflection parameter for said known design of corrugated board.

US Pat. No. 10,557,779

SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURED NANO-STRUCTURES FOR MICROBE OR VIRUS TRAPPING OR DESTRUCTION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A device for isolating a microbe or a virion, comprising:a silicon substrate;
an annealed layer of epitaxial silicon germanium arranged on the silicon substrate, the annealed layer of epitaxial silicon germanium comprising a roughened nanosurface comprising nanoscale germanium agglomerates; and
a plurality of spaced trenches arranged in the roughened nanosurface between the nanoscale germanium agglomerates, the plurality of spaced trenches comprising a fractal pattern;
wherein each trench of the plurality of irregularly spaced trenches has dimensions such that the microbe or the virion is trapped within the trench.

US Pat. No. 10,557,777

SAMPLING CONTAINER FOR A REMOTELY OPERATED VEHICLE

Aquabotix Technology Corp...

1. A sampling container apparatus comprising:a motor housing comprising a motor configured to rotate at least one magnet around a drift shaft of the motor;
a magnetic plate configured to magnetically couple to the at least one magnet of the motor housing, the magnetic plate configured to rotate in unison with the at least one magnet of the motor housing;
a shroud housing configured to enclose at least some of the motor housing and the magnetic plate;
a sample container housing configured to be placed within the shroud housing and mechanically connected to the magnetic plate, the sample container housing including
a tank configured to hold a sample within an interior chamber, the tank including a first end having a first opening to the interior chamber and a second end having a second opening to the interior chamber, and
a plunger having a shaft positioned within the interior chamber, the plunger having a first cup at a first end configured to seal the first opening of the tank and a second cup at a second end configured to seal the second opening of the tank, the shaft connected to the first end and the second end of the plunger and configured to pull the first end and second end of the plunger toward each other;
a first retainer plate located above the first end of the tank, the first retainer plate including
a first plunger window configured to enable the first cup of the plunger to pass through, and
a first travel channel connected to the first plunger window, the first travel channel having a width that is larger than the shaft and smaller than the first cup of the plunger; and
a second retainer plate located below the second end of the tank, the second retainer plate including
a second plunger window configured to enable the second cup of the plunger to pass through, and
a second travel channel connected to the second plunger window, the second travel channel having a width that is larger than the shaft and smaller than the second cup of the plunger,
wherein the first and second retainer plates are configured to retain the plunger in an open position until the sample container housing is rotated by the motor, causing the sample container housing including the plunger to rotate relative to the first and second retainer plates along the first and second travel channels such that the first cup passes through the first plunger window and the second cup passes through the second plunger window when the cups are aligned with the respective windows, thereby enabling the plunger to actuate to a closed position and causing the first cup to seal the first opening of the tank and the second cup to seal the second opening of the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,557,776

FLUID ANALYSIS AND MONITORING USING OPTICAL SPECTROMETRY

Virtual Fluid Monitoring ...

1. A processor implemented method of controlling an operating machine, the method comprising:receiving, by a fluid diagnostic system, a fluid sample from the operating machine, wherein the fluid sample is received by a fluid inlet into a sample chamber of the fluid diagnostic system, the fluid inlet configured to fluidically couple to a fluid source of the operating machine and the sample chamber fluidically coupled to the fluid inlet and configured to receive the fluid sample from the fluid source;
generating incident electromagnetic radiation and providing the incident electromagnetic radiation to the fluid sample;
receiving emitted electromagnetic radiation from the fluid sample in response to interaction of the fluid sample with the incident electromagnetic radiation;
determining, by a processor circuit of the fluid diagnostic system, spectral features of the emitted electromagnetic radiation as represented by a detection signal received by the processor circuit from a detection system that receives the emitted electromagnetic radiation; and
determining a condition of the fluid sample based on the determined spectral features.

US Pat. No. 10,557,775

SYSTEM FOR GENERATING DATA RELATING TO A TISSUE CORE BIOPSY, AND THE USE OF THE SYSTEM TO DETECT TISSUE ABNORMALITIES, IN PARTICULAR CANCEROUS TISSUE, IN A PATIENT

DIOPSY LIMITED, County C...

1. A system for generating data relating to a tissue core, comprising:a core needle biopsy module configured to obtain a tissue core from a locus within a patient's body;
a tissue disintegration module operably connected to the core needle biopsy module and configured to receive the tissue core from the core needle biopsy module and convert at least a portion of the tissue core into gaseous tissue molecules or ions;
a first vacuum pump configured to convey the tissue core from the core needle biopsy module to the tissue disintegration module;
a second vacuum pump configured to convey gaseous tissue molecules or ions from the tissue disintegration module to an analyser module, and
a tissue core collection module, wherein the tissue disintegration module, the core needle biopsy module, and the tissue core collection module are provided as a single unit, the single unit being adjustable from a first configuration in which the tissue disintegration module is aligned with the core needle biopsy module for receipt of a tissue core therefrom and a second configuration in which the tissue core collection module is aligned with the core needle biopsy module for receipt of a tissue core therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,557,774

MATTRESS FIRMNESS TESTING PROCESS AND SYSTEM

Comfort King of Souix Fal...

1. A system for evaluating failure of a used mattress, comprisinga test device comprising:
a plunger arm;
a control motor attached to a first end of the plunger arm and configured to selectively extend and retract the plunger arm; and
a platen attached to an end of the plunger arm distal from control motor;
a test device traversing system comprising electronic motors configured to move the test device over different locations on the mattress; and
a computerized test device control module comprising a computerized processor, operating programming to evaluate the failure of the mattress, the programming comprising:
controlling extension of the plunger arm at a first location in a heavy use, zone of the mattress and at a second location in a light use, zone of the mattress,
monitoring depression in the mattress by the plunger win as, a function of force applied by the platen in both the first location and the second location,
determining a difference between the depression at the first location and the depression at the second, location,
monitoring a threshold difference value,
comparing the threshold difference value to the determined difference, and
generating the result based upon comparing the threshold difference value to the determined difference.

US Pat. No. 10,557,773

FIXTURELESS LENSMETER SYSTEM

JAND, INC., New York, NY...

1. A method of operating a lensmeter system, comprising:capturing, with a camera of the lensmeter system, a first image of a pattern through a corrective lens that is in contact with the pattern;
determining, with a computing device of the lensmeter system, a size of the corrective lens based on the first image and the pattern;
capturing, with the camera, a second image of the pattern through the corrective lens while the corrective lens is at an intermediate position between the camera and the pattern;
determining, with the computing device, a distortion, attributable to the corrective lens, of the pattern in the second image, using the determined size of the corrective lens; and
measuring, with the computing device, at least one characteristic of the corrective lens based on the determined distortion.

US Pat. No. 10,557,772

MULTI-SENSOR INSPECTION FOR IDENTIFICATION OF PRESSURIZED PIPE DEFECTS THAT LEAK

Electro Scan, Inc., Sacr...

1. A system for identification of underground pipe defects that leak, comprising in combination:a multi-sensor probe sized to fit within an underground fluid transport pipe;
said probe including at least one electrode thereon;
a data transmission cable having a proximal end and a distal end, said distal end electrically attached to said probe;
a voltage source electrically coupled to said cable and spaced from said probe;
a ground interface electrically coupled to said cable and electrically coupled to ground;
an electric meter positioned to measure an electric signal in a circuit including said electrode, said cable, said voltage source and said ground interface, said electric signal correlating with defects in the pipe adjacent to said probe; and
wherein said probe includes a camera, said camera producing a signal transmitted along said cable and correlated with data from said electric meter.

US Pat. No. 10,557,771

TEST CYLINDER OF VALVE ASSEMBLY AND CONNECTION STRUCTURE FOR THE SAME

Globe Union Industrial Co...

1. A test cylinder of a valve assembly being mounted a body of the valve assembly, the body including a holder, and the holder comprising an accommodation chamber, a bottom fence formed in the accommodation chamber, and a cold-water inlet and a hot-water inlet which are defined on the bottom fence and respectively communicate with a cold-water inflow pipe and a hot-water inflow pipe of the body; the accommodation chamber having a first mixing-water outlet and a second mixing-water outlet which are arranged on a bottom of the accommodation chamber and individually communicate with a first outflow pipe and a second outflow pipe;the test cylinder including a peripheral fence, a first orifice formed on a first segment of the peripheral fence, and an edge fence closing a second segment of the peripheral fence; a first cavity defined between the peripheral fence and the edge fence and communicating with the first orifice, wherein the peripheral fence has at least one second orifice formed thereon proximate to the first orifice, a second cavity defined between an external surround portion of the first segment and an internal surround portion of the accommodation chamber and communicating with the at least one second orifice, the first mixing-water outlet, and the second mixing-water outlet;
wherein in a first fixing direction, the first segment of the test cylinder is engaged in the accommodation chamber, such that the accommodation chamber is closed, the cold-water inlet and the hot-water inlet communicate with each other by way of the first orifice and the first cavity, and the first mixing-water outlet and the second mixing-water outlet are in communication with each other by using the at least one second orifice and the second cavity so that the cold-water inflow pipe, the hot-water inflow pipe, the first outflow pipe, and the second outflow pipe form a first closed pipe system; the edge fence has a closing portion extending from an outer wall thereof and has a conduit defined in the edge fence; in a second fixing direction, the second segment of the test cylinder is engaged in the accommodation chamber or the closing portion matingly engages one of the cold-water inlet and the hot-water inlet, hence the cold-water inlet or the hot-water inlet does not communicate with the accommodation chamber of the body so that one of the cold-water inflow pipe and the hot-water inflow pipe forms a second closed pipe system; the other of the cold-water inlet and the hot-water inlet communicates with the first mixing-water outlet and the second mixing-water outlet by way of the conduit and the second cavity so that the other of the cold-water inflow pipe and the hot-water inflow pipe forms a third closed pipe system by using the body, the first outflow pipe, and the second outflow pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,557,770

PRESSURE SENSOR WITH IMPROVED STRAIN GAUGE

Sensata Technologies, Inc...

1. An apparatus for sensing a pressure of a fluid from a fluid medium comprising:a port body having a peripheral wall surrounding an interior channel for receiving the fluid from the fluid medium, the interior channel extending between the fluid medium and a diaphragm on the port body;
a strain gauge affixed to the port body by a glass substrate, the strain gauge comprising: a first resistor electrically connected between a first input/output (I/O) pad and a ground pad; a second resistor electrically connected between a second I/O pad and the ground pad; a third resistor electrically connected between a third I/O pad and the ground pad; and a fourth resistor electrically connected between a fourth I/O pad and the ground pad;
four current sources, each current source providing a uniform, constant current to one of the I/O pads;
a first output electrically connected between the first I/O pad and the second I/O pad for measuring voltage; and
a second output electrically connected between the third I/O pad and the fourth I/O pad for measuring voltage,
wherein:
each resistor is spaced substantially equidistant from the ground pad to urge uniform mobile ion accumulation across the resistors; and
when the diaphragm experiences pressure from the fluid: the second resistor and the third resistor experience a tension force; and the first resistor and fourth resistor experience a compression force.

US Pat. No. 10,557,769

MICRO MECHANICAL DEVICES WITH AN IMPROVED RECESS OR CAVITY STRUCTURE

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A sensor, comprising:a first substrate comprising:
a first side and an opposing second side, the first side having a recess;
the recess defined by side walls and a bottom wall, wherein the side walls are perpendicular to the bottom wall;
a diaphragm defined between the second side of the first substrate and the bottom wall of the recess; and
a boss extending from the bottom wall of the recess and into the recess, the boss defined by the side walls, wherein the side walls of the boss are substantially perpendicular to the bottom wall of the recess,
wherein the side walls of the recess in the first substrate define a lateral extent of the recess, and wherein the boss extends across the lateral extent of the recess in the first substrate and intersects the side walls at three or more discrete locations.

US Pat. No. 10,557,768

PRESSURE GAUGE INCLUDING SCALE WITH GRADUATIONS SPACED DIFFERENTLY

1. A pressure gauge comprising:a base, a dial, an indicator, and a shaft, wherein the base defines a channel, wherein the dial is located on the base, wherein the dial has graduations ranging from a first graduation to a last graduation and includes a middle graduation located between the first and last graduations, wherein the graduations of the dial are divided by the middle graduation into a first region for low pressure measurements and a second region for high pressure measurements, wherein the first region includes the graduations between the first and middle graduations, wherein the graduations in the first region are equally spaced at a first distance, wherein the second region includes the graduations between the middle and last graduations, wherein the graduations in the second region are equally spaced at a second distance different from the first distance, wherein the indicator is adapted to point graduations on the dial, wherein the shaft is rotatably connected to the base, and wherein the indicator is connected to the shaft and rotates simultaneously with rotation of the shaft; and
an actuating device including a pressure responding device and a plunger, wherein the pressure responding device and the plunger are held in the channel, wherein the plunger is abutted by the pressure responding device, wherein the pressure responding device includes a first resilient member having a first modulus of elasticity and a second resilient member having a second modulus of elasticity different from the first modulus of elasticity arranged in series, wherein the first and second resilient members change length and the plunger is urged by the first and first and second resilient members when the indicator registers with different graduations, wherein the plunger is connected to the shaft, and wherein the shaft is rotated in response to movement of the plunger.

US Pat. No. 10,557,767

DEFORMATION—MEASURING TORQUE METER

SAFRAN HELICOPTER ENGINES...

1. A torque meter comprising a casing and a part, called a movable part, mounted to move in translation in the casing in a longitudinal direction under the effect of an axial thrust representative of a torque to be measured, wherein the torque meter further comprises:a bearing surface connected to the casing via at least one end of the bearing surface, extending at least partially in a plane that is substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal direction, one longitudinal end of said movable part, called a contact end, being configured to be brought into contact with said bearing surface so that a longitudinal displacement of the movable part leads to a deformation of the bearing surface; and
a device configured to measure the deformation of the bearing surface, wherein the device comprises at least one strain gauge, positioned on the bearing surface, configured to measure a value representative of the deformation of the bearing surface, and being positioned off-center from a longitudinal axis of the movable part.

US Pat. No. 10,557,766

TORQUE SENSOR FOR DETECTING OCCURRENCE OF METAL FATIGUE IN AN ELASTIC BODY

TRI-FORCE MANAGEMENT CORP...

1. A torque sensor detecting a torque around a Z axis in an XYZ three-dimensional coordinate system, the torque sensor comprising:an annular deformation body made of a material elastically deformable by action of a torque to be detected and having a through opening through which the Z axis passes;
a first supporting body connected to the annular deformation body at two first portions where the annular deformation body meets an XZ plane;
a second supporting body connected to the annular deformation body at two second portions where the annular deformation body includes the Z axis and meets a plane, different from the XZ plane, the second supporting body being rotatable around the Z axis with respect to the first supporting body;
a displacement electrode arranged to the annular deformation body and causes displacement by elastic deformation of the annular deformation body;
a fixed electrode arranged at a position opposing the displacement electrode in the first supporting body; and
a detection circuit that outputs an electrical signal representing the torque around the Z axis, acting on one of the first supporting body and the second supporting body while a load is applied to the other, based on a variation amount of a capacitance value of a capacitive element consisting of the displacement electrode and the fixed electrode,
wherein the annular deformation body includes a high elastic portion and a low elastic portion having a spring constant smaller than a spring constant of the high elastic portion,
the capacitive element includes a first capacitive element and a second capacitive element,
the first capacitive element is configured of the displacement electrode and the fixed electrode which are arranged at a first position in the high elastic portion where a spacing distance between the annular deformation body and the first supporting body changes when the torque around the Z axis acts,
the second capacitive element is configured of the displacement electrode and the fixed electrode which are arranged at a second position in the low elastic portion where the spacing distance between the annular deformation body and the first supporting body changes when the torque around the Z axis acts, and
the detection circuit outputs a first electric signal corresponding to a capacitance value of the first capacitive element and a second electric signal corresponding to a capacitance value of the second capacitive element as electric signals indicating the acting torque, and determines whether the torque sensor functions normally based on a ratio between the first electric signal and the second electric signal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,765

SENSOR DEVICE, DRIVING SYSTEM, METHOD FOR MEASURING A TORQUE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A DRIVING SYSTEM

POLYRESEARCH AG, Chur (C...

1. A sensor device, comprising:a base element extending in an axial direction;
a magneto elastic active region representing a first longitudinal section of an outer surface of said base element, the first longitudinal section extending in the axial direction and being magnetized in a first circumferential direction;
a first magnetic field sensor pair overlapping with the first longitudinal section, wherein the respective magnetic field sensors of the first magnetic field sensor pair are disposed above the outer surface and at a distance with respect to each other along the axial direction and at the same azimuth with respect to each other;
a second magnetic field sensor pair overlapping with the first longitudinal section, wherein the respective magnetic field sensors of the second magnetic field sensor pair are disposed above the outer surface and at the distance with respect to each other along the axial direction and at the same azimuth with respect to each other;
a third magnetic field sensor pair overlapping with the first longitudinal section, wherein the respective magnetic field sensors of the third magnetic field sensor pair are disposed above the outer surface and at the distance with respect to each other along the axial direction and at the same azimuth with respect to each other; and
a fourth magnetic field sensor pair overlapping with the first longitudinal section, wherein the respective magnetic field sensors of the fourth magnetic field sensor pair are disposed above the outer surface and at the distance with respect to each other along the axial direction and at the same azimuth with respect to each other,
wherein the first sensors of the first, second, third, and fourth magnetic field sensor pairs are disposed at the same axial position relative to each other and are disposed along the circumference of the base element at that axial position relative to each another by an azimuth angle of 90°.

US Pat. No. 10,557,764

TORQUE SENSOR WHICH DETECTS TORQUE AROUND A PREDETERMINED ROTATION AXIS

TRI-FORCE MANAGEMENT CORP...

1. A torque sensor which detects torque around a predetermined rotation axis (Z),the torque sensor comprising:
an annular deformation body (50; 60) which extends along a basic annular channel (R) when the basic annular channel (R) is defined on a basic plane (XY) orthogonal to the rotation axis (Z) so as to surround a circumference of the rotation axis;
a left side support body (10) which is disposed at a position adjacent to a left side of the annular deformation body (50; 60), when viewed from a reference observation direction in which the rotation axis (Z) gives a horizontal line extending laterally;
a right side support body (20) which is disposed at a position adjacent to a right side of the annular deformation body(50; 60), when viewed from the reference observation direction;
left side connection members (11, 12; 16 to 19) which connect left side connection points (P11, P12; P16 to P19) on a left side surface of the annular deformation body(50; 60) with the left side support body (10);
right side connection members (21, 22; 26 to 29) which connect right side connection points (P21, P22; P26 to P29) on a right side surface of the annular deformation body (50; 60) with the right side support body (20);
a capacitive element (C; C1 to C4; C11 to C18) which is constituted of a displacement electrode (E50) fixed at a predetermined position of the right side surface of the annular deformation body (50; 60) and a fixed electrode (E20) which is fixed at a position of the right side support body (20) which opposes the displacement electrode (E50); and
detection circuits (101 to 105) which output electric signals indicating torque around the rotation axis (Z) exerted on one of the left side support body (10) and of the right side support body (20) in a state that a load is applied to the other on the basis of fluctuation in capacitance value of the capacitive element (C; C1 to C4; C11 to C18); wherein
the annular deformation body (50; 60) is provided with a detection part (D; D1 to D4; D11 to D18) positioned at a detection point (Q; Q1 to Q4; Q11 to Q18) defined on the basic annular channel (R) and a coupling part (L; L1 to L4; L11 to L18) connected to both ends of the detection part,
the detection part (D; D1 to D4; D11 to D18) is provided with a first deformation part (51; 61) which undergoes elastic deformation by exertion of torque which is to be detected, a second deformation part (52; 62) which undergoes elastic deformation by exertion of torque to be detected and a displacement part (53; 63) which undergoes displacement resulting from elastic deformation of the first deformation part and the second deformation part,
an external end of the first deformation part (51; 61) is connected to the coupling part (L) adjacent thereto, while an internal end of the first deformation part (51; 61) is connected to the displacement part (53; 63), and an external end of the second deformation part (52; 62) is connected to the coupling part (L) adjacent thereto, while an internal end of the second deformation part (52; 62) is connected to the displacement part (53; 63),
the displacement electrode (E50) is fixed at a position of the displacement part (53; 63) which opposes the right side support body (20), and
the left side connection points (P11, P12; P16 to P19) and the right side connection points (P21, P22; P26 to P29) are disposed at the coupling part (L), orthogonal projection images of the left side connection points (P11, P12; P16 to P19) on the basic plane (XY) and orthogonal projection images of the right side connection points (P21, P22; P26 to P29) on the basic plane (XY) are formed at mutually different positions.

US Pat. No. 10,557,763

RAPID AND WIRELESS SCREENING AND HEALTH MONITORING OF MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES

The Florida International...

1. A system for screening and health monitoring of materials, the system comprising:a material embedded with magneto-electric nanoparticles (MENs);
a conductive coil disposed at a target position on a surface of the material;
a power source electrically connected to the conductive coil; and
an analyzer configured to detect whether a structural defect is present in the material by detecting magnetic characteristics of the conductive coil and using BH-looper magnetometry.

US Pat. No. 10,557,762

STRAIN/FORCE SENSOR DEVICE FOR MONITORING WEAR ON OVERHEAD LINES

Hottinger Baldwin Messtec...

1. A device for monitoring wear on an overhead line, comprising a force measurement system comprising:two contact bars oriented at a right angle to the overhead line;
two connection bars having first and second end portions which are oriented in parallel relation to the overhead line and pushed upwards to thereby press the two contact bars against the overhead line at a predefined force; and
bar-shaped force transducers respectively arranged at the first and second end portions of the two connection bars for arrangement of strain sensors, each said force transducer having first and second end portions, wherein
the first end portion of two first ones of the force transducers is connected to one of the contact bars,
the first end portion of two second ones of the force transducers is connected to another one of the contact bars,
the second end portion of one of the first ones of the force transducers is connected to the first end portion of one of the connection bars,
the second end portion of another one of the first ones of the force transducers is connected to the first end portion of another one of the connection bars,
the second end portion of one of the second ones of the force transducers is connected to the second end portion of another one of the connection bars,
the second end portion of the other one of the second ones of the force transducers is connected to the second end portion of the one of the connection bars,
the one of the first ones of the force transducers and the other one of the second ones of the force transducers defining a longitudinal axis which extends in a direction of a longitudinal axis defined by the one of the connection bars, and the other one of the first ones of the force transducers and the one of the second ones of the force transducers defining a longitudinal axis which extends in a direction of a longitudinal axis defined by the other one of the connection bars, said longitudinal axes of the force transducers extending in a travel direction of a rail vehicle in contact with the overhead line.

US Pat. No. 10,557,761

FIBRE-OPTIC SENSING

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method of processing strain measurement signals, the method comprising:receiving a first measured signal representing a first received backscattered optical signal in respect of a first sensor, the first measured signal having a first phase signal associated therewith;
receiving a second measured signal representing a second received backscattered optical signal in respect of a second sensor, the second measured signal having a second phase signal associated therewith that constitutes a consolidation of the first phase signal and an additional phase signal, wherein the additional phase signal is present in and unrecoverable from the first measured signal;
determining the first phase signal from the first measured signal;
processing the first phase signal;
determining the second phase signal from the second measured signal, wherein the first phase signal and the additional phase signal are inseparable from one another in the phase domain;
processing the second phase signal to obtain the additional phase signal; and
constructing a strain measurement signal using the processed first phase signal and the additional phase signal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,760

THIN FILM STRAIN GAUGE

STRAIN MEASUREMENT DEVICE...

1. An open-face strain gauge, comprising:a substrate;
at least one dielectric layer disposed on top of the substrate;
a thin film electrical circuit disposed on top of the at least one dielectric layer and having at least two input terminals and at least two output terminals;
at least one layer disposed on top of the electrical circuit;
the at least one dielectric layer forming a first moisture resistant seal on one side of the electrical circuit, the at least one layer forming a second moisture resistant seal on a second side of the electrical circuit opposite the first side, the first and second moisture resistant seals having structure such that:
in a first instance prior to exposure of the strain gauge to an autoclave cycle, the electrical circuit is productive of a first output voltage on the output terminals in response to a first input voltage on the input terminals; and
in a second instance subsequent to exposure of the strain gauge to at least 10 autoclave cycles, the electrical circuit is productive of a second output voltage on the output terminals in response to a second input voltage on the input terminals, the second input voltage being equal to the first input voltage, and the second output voltage being equal to or greater than 0.85 times the first output voltage and equal to or less than 1.15 times the first output voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,557,759

SENSOR ELEMENT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A sensor element, comprising:a first supporting layer, comprising a first supporting surface;
a second supporting layer, comprising a second supporting surface, the second supporting layer connected to the first supporting layer, wherein a Young's modulus of the first supporting layer is greater than a Young's modulus of the second supporting layer; and
a strain gauge, comprising a sensing area, the sensing area covering at least a portion of the first supporting surface and at least a portion of the second supporting surface, wherein the sensing area of the strain gauge comprises a first end and a second end opposite to the first end, and a boundary line is formed between the first supporting surface and the second supporting surface and locates between the first end and the second end, wherein a junction of the first supporting layer and the second supporting layer conformally forms a continual surface, wherein the first supporting layer and the second supporting layer are located on a same side of the continual surface, the strain gauge and the first supporting layer are located on opposite sides of the continual surface, and the strain gauge and the second supporting layer are located on the opposite sides of the continual surface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,758

NON-CONTACT MAGNETOSTRICTIVE SENSOR WITH GAP COMPENSATION FIELD

General Electric Company,...

1. A sensor assembly, comprising:a housing including a proximal portion and a distal portion;
a drive sensor head including
a first support having a first arm oriented with respect to a central axis extending through the drive sensor head, the first support including a drive element configured to induce a first magnetic flux that travels through a target;
a second support having a second arm;
a third support having a third arm;
a fourth support having a fourth arm;
a fifth support having a fifth arm;
the drive sensor head including at least one detection element coupled to each of the second, third, fourth, and fifth supports, wherein each of the at least one detection elements is configured to detect the first magnetic flux;
a first proximity sensor head having a first proximity arm and a first proximity sensor element coupled to a distal end of the first proximity arm, the first proximity sensor element located at a first fixed position relative to the at least one detection element; and
a second proximity sensor head having a second proximity arm and a second proximity sensor element coupled to a distal end of the second proximity arm, the second proximity sensor element located at a second fixed position relative to the at least one detection element, wherein the first proximity sensor head and the second proximity sensor head are positioned opposite and equidistant from the drive sensor head, and the first proximity sensor element and the second proximity sensor element are configured to generate a second magnetic flux that travels through the target and a raw proximity signal corresponding to a gap distance between the first arm and the target.

US Pat. No. 10,557,757

STRUCTURE FOR DETECTING TEMPERATURE OF ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a housing configured to form an external shape of the electronic device;
a first board disposed in a first direction that is away from the housing, wherein at least one processor is mounted at the first board;
a second board disposed between the housing and the first board and electrically connected with the first board; and
a thermistor, which is not directly contacting the housing, mounted on the second board,
wherein the at least one processor measures a temperature of the housing based on an electrical signal received from the second board.

US Pat. No. 10,557,756

SHEARING INTERFEROMETER USING TWO OPPOSING SHEARING PLATES FOR LASER

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A shearing interferometer comprising:a first shearing plate including a first front surface and a first back surface parallel to the first front surface, where the first shearing plate splits an input beam when input to the first front surface into a first beam reflected at the first front surface and a second beam reflected at the first back surface;
a second shearing plate including a second front surface and a second back surface parallel to the second front surface, wherein the second front surface of the second shearing plate is disposed opposite to and facing the first front surface of the first shearing plate, the second shearing plate splits the first beam into a third beam reflected at the second front surface and a fourth beam reflected at the second back surface, and the second shearing plate splits the second beam into a fifth beam reflected at the second front surface and a sixth beam reflected at the second back surface; and
a diffuser disposed on a path through which the third to sixth beams advance,
wherein each of the first and second shearing plates has a thickness which limits a phase delay between the fourth beam and the fifth beam to a degree determined to allow interference to occur between the fourth beam and the fifth beam.

US Pat. No. 10,557,755

POSITION DETECTION METHOD AND OPTICAL MODULE

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

6. An optical module comprising:a movable portion which moves along a predetermined direction; and
an interference optical system including a movable mirror coupled to the movable portion and a beam splitter having a fixed position,
wherein, in the interference optical system, a circulating optical path is formed by the movable mirror and the beam splitter, detection light is split into first light and second light, the first light is incident on the circulating optical path, every time the first light reaches the beam splitter through the movable mirror, a portion of the first light is transmitted through the beam splitter and a remaining portion of the first light is reflected by the beam splitter to reach the beam splitter through the movable mirror, and the first light transmitted through the beam splitter from the circulating optical path and the second light are combined to generate multiple interference light.

US Pat. No. 10,557,754

SPECTROMETRY IN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT USING A PHOTONIC BANDGAP STRUCTURE

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A An encapsulated package comprising:an integrated circuit (IC) die;
sensors the IC die, the sensors configured to receive electromagnetic energy and to generate signals in response to the electromagnetic energy;
a filter structure including: a first region configured to pass a first band of the electromagnetic energy to the sensors or to block the first band of the electromagnetic energy from passing to the sensors; and a second region configured to pass a second band of the electromagnetic energy to the sensors or to block the second band of the electromagnetic energy from passing to the sensors; and
an encapsulation material encapsulating the IC die, the sensors and the filter structure, in which the filter structure includes a diffusion of particles within the encapsulation material, the encapsulation material having a first intrinsic property, and the particles having a second intrinsic property that is different from the first intrinsic property.

US Pat. No. 10,557,753

SPECTROMETER APPARATUS

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A spectrometer comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of light detectors in the substrate;
a plurality of light filters over the plurality of light detectors, the plurality of light filters comprising electro-optic materials, each of the plurality of light filters transmitting a different wavelength or reflecting a different wavelength, each of the plurality of light filters aligned with a corresponding one of the plurality of light detectors; and
a circuit in the substrate, wherein the circuit is electrically coupled to the plurality of light filters, and wherein the circuit is configured to change optical characteristics of the plurality of light filters over time.

US Pat. No. 10,557,752

FLAME DETECTOR COVERAGE VERIFICATION SYSTEM FOR FLAME DETECTORS AND HAVING A HUB STRUCTURE FOR TEMPORARY ATTACHMENT TO THE DETECTORS

General Monitors, Inc., ...

1. A flame detector coverage verification system for a flame detector having a field of view, the system comprising:an optical source for generating a light beam;
a light-path control unit connected to the optical source and configured to direct the beam through a range of movements about a center line direction of the flame detector to visually demarcate an area that falls within the flame detector's field of view;
an indicator device configured to visually indicate a pan direction of the flame detector with respect to a defined direction;
a tilt indicator configured to determine and visually display a tilt angle of the flame detector with respect to a ground plane; and
a hub structure configured to temporarily attach the control unit to the flame detector, the control unit pivotally connected to the hub structure so that the optical source light beam is configured to be oriented perpendicular to a ground plane even with the flame detector disposed at different tilt angles.

US Pat. No. 10,557,751

METHOD, PROGRAM, CUMULATIVE RECEIVED-LIGHT AMOUNT ESTIMATION APPARATUS, AND HEALTH CARE SYSTEM USING SOLAR RADIATION AMOUNT INFORMATION CORRESPONDING TO POSITION INFORMATION OF A DEVICE AND TIME INFORMATION

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a device, position information of the device via a wireless signal, and time information;
obtaining solar radiation amount information corresponding to the position information and the time information, the solar radiation amount information indicating an amount of solar radiation corresponding to the position information of the device and the time information;
obtaining a corrected received-light amount by correcting the amount of solar radiation, based on a radio field reception intensity of the wireless signal that includes the position information, the amount of solar radiation being indicated by the solar radiation amount information; and
obtaining, by the device, a cumulative value of amounts of light which a user of the device has been exposed to, using the corrected received-light amount.

US Pat. No. 10,557,750

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CALIBRATING AN OPTICAL DISTANCE SENSOR

OUSTER, INC., San Franci...

21. An optical system for performing distance measurements, the optical system comprising:an optical input circuit comprising: a bulk receiving optic; a pixel layer arranged behind the bulk receiving optic and comprising a plurality of pixels; an aperture layer disposed between the plurality of pixels and the bulk receiving optic and comprising a plurality of apertures; a lens layer disposed between the plurality of pixels and the bulk receiving optic and comprising a plurality of lenses; a filter layer disposed between the plurality of pixels and the bulk receiving optic; wherein the pixel layer, aperture layer, lens layer and filter layer are arranged to form:
a plurality of sense channels, each sense channel in the plurality of sense channels comprising an aperture from the plurality of apertures that defines a discrete, non-overlapping beyond a threshold distance field of view in a field ahead of the optical system, a lens from the plurality of lenses, a filter element from the filter layer and a pixel from the plurality of pixels; and
a calibration channel having a primary operating wavelength and comprising an aperture from the plurality of apertures, a lens from the plurality of lenses, a filter element from the filter layer and a pixel from the plurality of pixels;
an optical output circuit comprising a bulk transmitting optic and an illumination source offset behind the bulk transmitting optic, the illumination source comprising a plurality of lasers configured to output light at an output wavelength, project a first portion of the light into the field ahead of the optical system according to an illumination pattern that substantially matches, in size and geometry across a range of distances from the system, the fields of view of the plurality of sense apertures, and project a second portion of the light onto the pixel in the calibration channel; and
a temperature regulator operatively coupled to the illumination source to shift the output wavelength of the plurality of lasers based on a light power detected by the pixel in the calibration channel to the primary operating wavelength of the calibration circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,557,749

ISOLATING A PORTION OF ELECTRIC POTENTIALS GENERATED BY A HYDROPHONE INDICATIVE OF PARTICLE MOTION OR PRESSURE

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A method, comprising:measuring a first electric potential generated by a first detector of a hydrophone via a first pair of leads coupled to a housing of the hydrophone and the first detector, wherein the first detector has a first sensitivity;
measuring a second electric potential generated by a second detector of the hydrophone separately from the first electric potential via a second pair of leads coupled to the housing and the second detector, wherein the second detector has a second sensitivity matching the first sensitivity;
isolating a first portion of electric potentials generated by the first detector and the second detector of the hydrophone that is indicative of particle motion; and
isolating a second portion of the electric potentials generated by the first detector and the second detector of the hydrophone that is indicative of pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,557,748

WIRELESS SCALE AND RELEASE SYSTEM FOR SECURED CONTENT

Secure Scale Holding LLC,...

1. An object weighing and release system comprising:a) a scale configured to measure a weight of the object;
b) an automated release mechanism adjoined to the scale, wherein the automated release mechanism allows for release of the object at a release location;
c) an input device configured to receive an input;
d) a display, attached to the scale;
e) a mobile communication device within the scale;
f) a mobile processor in functional communication with the scale, the automated release mechanism, the input device, the display, and the mobile communication device; and
g) an energy storage device having a power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,557,747

COMBINATION WEIGHING DEVICE

Ishida Co., Ltd., Kyoto ...

1. A combination weighing apparatus comprising:a plurality of weighers that measures objects to be weighed;
a controller that combines weights of the measured objects to be weighed and selects specific weighers corresponding to a weight value within a desired range;
a collecting chute that collects and discharges the objects to be weighed discharged from the selected weighers a timing hopper that temporarily retains the discharged objects to be weighed, and then discharges the objects to be weighed;
a frame that directly or indirectly supports at least one of the weighers, the controller, the collecting chute, and the timing hopper; and a support that is a member attached to the frame and to which the timing hopper is fixed at a predetermined position, wherein
the support is capable of movement between (1) a first mounting position at which the timing hopper receives and retains the objects to be weighed and (2) a second mounting position related to attachment and detachment of the timing hopper, the movement of the support being relative to the frame and occurring while the timing hopper is fixed at the predetermined position,
the timing hopper is capable of movement between the predetermined position and a position that enables removal from the support, the movement of the timing hopper being relative to the support, and
a movement direction in which the support moves from the first mounting position to the second mounting position intersects a moving direction in which the timing hopper moves from the predetermined position to the position that enables removal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,746

GRANULE DOSING SYSTEM FOR PLASTIC PROCESSING MACHINES

Plast-Control GmbH, Rems...

1. A granule dosing system for plastics processing machines comprising: a weighing container merely supported by resting on a framework so as to be removably retained in an operating position on the framework;a plurality of supply containers having outlets which are connected to an inlet of the weighing container via dosing mechanisms;
a mixer with an inlet which is connected to an outlet of the weighing container at the same time that the outlets of the supply containers are positioned relative to an inlet of the weighing container;
and a safety switch and a control device designed to switch off at least one of:
the dosing mechanisms and
the mixer when the safety switch emits a switch-off signal,
wherein the weighing container is configured such that, in the operating position, it blocks access to both:
the dosing mechanisms and
the inlet of the mixer, and
wherein the safety switch is arranged on the framework such that it emits the switch-off signal only when the weighing container is removed from the operating position.

US Pat. No. 10,557,745

ELECTROMAGNETIC FLOW METER AND MISWIRING DETECTION METHOD

Yokogawa Electric Corpora...

1. An electromagnetic flow meter comprising:a flowtube including a coil disposed in the vicinity of a measurement tube, and electrodes disposed on the measurement tube;
a converter including an excitation unit configured to generate an excitation signal and output the excitation signal to the coil through an excitation cable, and a detection signal receiving unit configured to receive a detection signal from the electrodes through a signal cable, and generate a flow rate signal; and
a miswiring detection unit configured to calculate a first change amount between a maximum value and a minimum value of the flow rate signal in a predetermined period when the excitation signal is being output and a second change amount between a maximum value and a minimum value of the flow rate signal in the predetermined period when the excitation signal is not being output, and calculate a difference between the first change amount and the second change amount, and perform miswiring diagnosis on the excitation cable or the signal cable based on the calculated difference
wherein the predetermined period is a period equal to or longer than one cycle of the excitation signal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,744

APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AND/OR MONITORING AT LEAST ONE PROCESS VARIABLE

1. An apparatus for determining and/or monitoring a process variable of a medium in a containment, the apparatus comprising:an oscillatable unit with a membrane having a base area, which can be caused to execute mechanical oscillations;
at least three rods attached to the membrane and extending perpendicular to the base area of the membrane;
a housing, wherein the membrane forms at least a portion of a wall of the housing, and wherein the rods extend into the housing;
a driving/receiving unit disposed opposite the membrane in an end region of the at least three rods
and configured to excite the oscillatable unit using an electrical exciting signal via the at least three rods to execute mechanical oscillations, to receive the mechanical oscillations of the oscillatable unit, and to transduce the mechanical oscillations into an electrical received signal; and
an electronics unit configured to generate an exciter signal from the received signal and to ascertain the process variable at least from the received signal,
wherein at least one of the at least three rods is attached to the membrane at a site on the base area where a second derivative of a deflection of the membrane from a rest position as a function of the site on the base area is essentially zero.

US Pat. No. 10,557,743

REDUCTION OF POWER PEAKS IN THE SPECTRUM OF THE MEAN POWER OF FILL LEVEL MEASURING DEVICES

VEGA GRIESHABER KG, Wolf...

1. A fill level measuring device for determining a level of a filling material in a vessel using a frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) signal, the fill level measuring device comprising:a high-frequency circuit configured to generate a transmission signal, wherein the transmission signal has at least one frequency ramp;
a transmission apparatus configured to emit the transmission signal towards the filling material; and
evaluation circuitry configured to determine the level of the filling material on the basis of the transmission signal reflected by the filling material,
wherein the at least one frequency ramp has a minimal frequency fmin and a maximal frequency fmax,
wherein, when determining the fill level, the evaluation circuitry is configured to take account exclusively of a part of the reflected transmission signal having frequencies within a fundamental frequency interval, and
wherein a minimal frequency of the fundamental frequency interval is greater than the minimal frequency fmin of the at least one frequency ramp and/or a maximal frequency of the fundamental frequency interval is smaller than the maximal frequency fmax of the at least one frequency ramp.

US Pat. No. 10,557,742

SYSTEM, DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MONITORING THE LIQUID VOLUME IN A HYDRATION PACK

1. A system for monitoring an amount of fluid in a hydration unit having a fluid outlet, comprising:a monitoring unit comprising:
a fluid chamber;
an inlet port attachable to a fluid outlet of a hydration unit;
an outlet port for attachment to a feed tube;
a pressure sensor mounted to the monitoring unit and in pressure communication with the fluid chamber; and
a tilt sensor operable to determine an angle of tilt of the hydration unit;
a controller in use coupled to the pressure sensor and to the tilt sensor, for obtaining a pressure sensor signal therefrom, the controller being operable to determine from the pressure sensor signal an indication of a volume of fluid in the hydration unit, and to calibrate pressure measurements based on the angle of tilt determined;
a user interface coupled to the controller and operable to provide an indication of the volume of fluid in the hydration unit; and
a valve for preventing back pressure being introduced into the chamber from a feed tube, wherein the valve is disposed in the monitoring unit and is electronically controlled by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,557,741

FLUID LEVEL VISUALIZATION SYSTEMS

Trico Corp., Pewaukee, W...

1. A sight gauge assembly for displaying a fluid level of an object, the sight gauge assembly comprising:a first connection member comprising a first tap defining a first bore therethrough and configured to extend through a housing of the object, and a body comprising a first side comprising a first port defining a first passageway, a face comprising a second port defining a second passageway, a second side opposite the first side and comprising a third port defining a third passageway, and an end orthogonal to the first side and the second side and opposite the first tap and comprising a fourth port defining a fourth passageway fluidly connected to the first bore, the first passageway fluidly connected to the second passageway and the first bore through an interior of the body, the second passageway configured to fluidly communicate with the first bore and a first accessory, wherein the face is orthogonal to the first side and the second side and the face is angled relative to the end;
a second connection member comprising a second tap defining a second bore therethrough and configured to extend through the housing of the object, and a body comprising a first passageway fluidly connected to the second bore through an interior of the body of the second connection member; and
a sight tube defining a hollow interior, the sight tube coupling to the first connection member and the second connection member to define a first flow path through the hollow interior of the sight tube between the first bore and the first passageway of the first connection member and the first passageway and the second bore of the second connection member.

US Pat. No. 10,557,740

BIN LEVEL INDICATOR

LTJ ENTERPRISES, INC, Ro...

1. A combined material storage bin and visual indicator for providing a person with information regarding the level of material located within the bin comprising:said bin having a side wall surrounding a chamber for holding material,
said side wall having at least one hole open to the inside and outside of the side wall,
said indicator mounted on the side wall operable to provide a person located remote from the bin with visual information regarding the level of material located within the bin,
said indicator comprising
a housing having an internal chamber,
at least one visual member movably mounted on the housing, said visual member having a first portion and a second portion spaced from the first portion located in the internal chamber of the housing,
a bright color on the first portion of the visual member,
said second portion of the visual member having a dark color,
a light transparent member joined to the housing enclosing the visual member within the interior chamber of the housing,
a mount device connecting the housing to the side wall of the bin, said mount device including
an elongated bar located within the bin engageable with the inside of the side wall of the bin,
a boss joined to the bar extended through the hole in the side wall of the bin,
a fastener cooperating with the boss to retain the bar in engagement with the inside of the side wall of the bin,
an actuator connected to the mount device locatable within the chamber of the bin for movement from a first position to a second position and from the second position back to the first position,
said actuator including a flexible body extended downwardly from the bar into the chamber of the bin,
said flexible body comprising a flexible sheet member having opposite side portions extended toward the inside side wall of the bin, a top portion, a back wall adjacent the inside bin wall, and a bottom edge extended normal away from the inside side wall of the bin when the actuator is in the first position with material in the bin engaging the actuator, said bottom edge extending upwardly and inwardly away from the inside side wall of the bin when the actuator is in the second position with no material in the bin engaging the actuator, said back wall including a tubular portion having a vertical passage,
a plate for holding the flexible sheet member on the bar,
at least one fastener attaching the plate and flexible sheet member to the bar,
a motion transmission apparatus connecting the actuator to the visual member,
said motion transmission apparatus including a rod having a first rod section operatively associated with the visual member for rotating the visual member and a second rod section located in the passage of the tubular portion of the flexible sheet member,
a torus mounted on the boss,
said second rod section being extended through said torus with the torus in annular engagement with the second rod section thereby supporting the rod on the torus,
an axle mounted on the housing rotatably supporting the visual member,
a sleeve rotatably supported on the axle and connected to the visual member,
a yoke having a stem, a first arm and a second arm,
said first rod section being connected to the stem,
said sleeve being located between said first and second arms,
an endless flexible member having a middle portion wound around the sleeve, a first end portion retained on the first arm and a second end portion retained on the second arm whereby movement of the actuator between its first and second positions selectively moves the rod mounted on the torus, the yoke, and rotates the sleeve with the endless flexible member to rotate the visual member to position the bright color adjacent the transparent member or the dark color second portion of the visual member adjacent the transparent member whereby the bright color or the dark color second portion of the visual member is visible by a person located remote from the bin to provide the person with visual information concerning the level of material in the bin.

US Pat. No. 10,557,739

FLUID MONITORING ASSEMBLY WITH FLOW SENSOR

ALPHINITY, LLC, Carson C...

1. A fluid monitoring assembly for measuring the flow rate of a fluid comprising:a flexible conduit comprising one of silicone, thermoplastic elastomer, or thermoplastic rubber and having a wall that defines a lumen through which the fluid passes;
a housing having first and second rigid housing portions connected to one another at a hinge, the first and second rigid housing portions each defining respective semi-annular recessed interior portions that contain the flexible conduit therein, wherein an exterior surface of the flexible conduit directly contacts first and second rigid housing portions along the semi-annular recessed interior portions; and
one or more transducer/receiver pairs embedded directly within first and second rigid housing portions, wherein the one or more transducer/receiver pairs are located on opposing sides of the flexible conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,557,738

EXTERNAL FUEL METERING VALVE WITH SHUTTLE MECHANISM

1. An external fuel metering valve, comprising:a main valve body;
a valve cap coupled to the main valve body;
a chamber, including:
a first portion defined in the main valve body; and
a second portion defined in the valve cap, axially aligned with the first portion;
a control space including a port providing for fluid communication between the control space and the chamber;
a shuttle movably positioned in the chamber, the shuttle including:
an inlet flow passage in fluid communication with an inlet of the main valve body; and
an outlet flow passage in fluid communication with an outlet of the valve cap; and
a plurality of seals each positioned on a corresponding outer circumferential portion of the shuttle so as to selectively engage a corresponding inner peripheral portion of the chamber, wherein
in a first position of the shuttle in the chamber, a discharge flow path from the control space through the outlet flow passage and the outlet of the valve cap is open; and
in a second position of the shuttle in the chamber, a filling flow path from the inlet of the main valve body through the inlet flow passage and into the control space is open.

US Pat. No. 10,557,737

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR A SMART WATER BOTTLE CONVERTER

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICH...

1. A method for tracking liquid consumption, the method comprising:detecting, by one or more processors, one or more orientations of a liquid container;
identifying that a sip from the liquid container has been taken by a user based on the detected one or more orientations of the liquid container;
identifying one or more characteristics of the sip;
analyzing the identified sip and the one or more characteristics of the sip to determine an estimate of a liquid consumption metric for the user, including determining an estimate of a volume of liquid consumed by the user based on a time ratio for a rising portion of the sip and a falling portion of the sip; and
transmitting the identified sip and the one or more characteristics of the sip to one or more computing devices via a communication network for storage.

US Pat. No. 10,557,736

PREDICTIVE DIAGNOSTICS SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING VACUUM PRESSURE CONTROL VALVES

MKS Instruments, Inc., A...

1. A method for calibrating a valve in a vacuum system, comprising:measuring conductance of the valve as a function of angular valve position;
determining a conductance map or function for the valve by comparing the measured valve conductance to a predefined metric of conductance versus angular valve position;
storing the conductance calibration map or function for use during operation of the valve, wherein a difference between the measured valve conductance and the predefined metric of conductance versus angular valve position is used in determining the conductance map or function;
during operation, receiving a set point angular valve position based on a desired conductance of the valve, and setting actual angular valve position of the valve based on the received set point angular valve position and the difference between the measured valve conductance and the predefined metric of conductance versus angular valve position;
determining an actual system conductance and determining a difference between the actual system conductance and a reference system conductance for the system; and
generating a diagnostic indication of a fault in the system, the diagnostic indication being based on the actual angular valve position of the valve and the difference between the actual system conductance and the reference system conductance for the system; wherein
if the actual angular valve position is relatively low and the actual system conductance is greater than the reference system conductance, in a low-conductance valve, the diagnostic indication is that a flapper seal of the low-conductance valve is worn.

US Pat. No. 10,557,735

COMPACT FLOWMETER WITH NOVEL FLOW TUBE CONFIGURATION AND RELATED METHOD

Micro Motion, Inc., Boul...

1. A flowmeter (5) having a sensor assembly (10) connected to meter electronics (20), wherein the sensor assembly (10) comprises at least one driver (104) and at least one pickoff (105), comprising:a first D-shaped conduit (400A) configured to receive a process fluid therein; and
a second D-shaped conduit (400B) configured to receive a process fluid therein;
wherein the combined width of the first and second D-shaped conduits (400A, 400B) in addition to a space therebetween (S2), is less than a width of an inlet pipe (120).

US Pat. No. 10,557,734

AIRFLOW SENSOR FOR A HEAT SINK

International Business Ma...

1. A method for determining airflow through a heat sink in an electronic system, the method comprising:(A) providing a heat sink for an electronic component, the heat sink comprising:
a first thermally-conductive fin;
a second thermally-conductive fin substantially parallel to and underlying the first thermally-conductive fin and thermally coupled to the first thermally-conductive fin;
an airflow sensor comprising:
an electrically conductive strip coupled to a bottom surface of the first thermally-conductive fin, wherein the conductive strip comprises a first electrical point of contact;
a base portion coupled to a top surface of the second thermally-conductive fin, the base portion having a second electrical point of contact; and
a deformable upper portion electrically coupled to the base portion, wherein the deformable upper portion contacts the electrically conductive strip at a first contact point when there is no airflow, wherein airflow deforms the deformable upper portion so the deformable upper portion contacts the conductive strip at a second contact point farther away from a source of the airflow, and measurement is made between the first and second electrical points of contact to determine airflow through the airflow sensor;
(B) selecting an airflow;
(C) running the selected airflow over the heat sink;
(D) measuring electrical resistance between the first and second electrical points of contact;
(E) recording the measured electrical resistance as correlating to the selected airflow;
(F) repeating steps (B) through (E) for a plurality of airflows;
(G) storing the measured electrical resistance for the plurality of airflows as airflow sensor characterization data;
(H) monitoring and logging performance of the electronic system;
(I) monitoring and logging readings of the airflow sensor corresponding to the logged performance of the electronic system; and
(J) converting the logged readings of the airflow sensor to airflows using the airflow sensor characterization data.

US Pat. No. 10,557,733

MULTI-CHANNEL ULTRASONIC FLOW METER

QINGDAO HIWITS METER CO.,...

1. A multi-channel ultrasonic flowmeter, comprising transducer assemblies (21, 22, 23, 24) and a pipe housing (10), wherein flanges (4) are separately arranged at two ends of the pipe housing (10) and are provided with bolt holes (41), and four transducer assembly installation holes (9) are formed in the two ends of the pipe housing (10) close to the flanges (4);each said transducer assembly comprises two transducers (7) and a stationary post (1), wherein two first installation holes (103) are formed in a middle of the stationary post (1), and the two transducers (7) are installed in the first installation holes (103);
each said transducer assembly further comprises a circular compression piece (6) and an elastic ring (601); protrusions (61) extending outwards in a radial direction are symmetrically formed on two sides of each said circular compression piece (6), first installation faces (205) are formed in the first installation holes (103), bosses are arranged at transmitting ends of the transducers (7), other ends of the transducers (7) are attached to the first installation faces (205), the circular compression pieces (6) are installed in the first installation holes (103), and the protrusions (61) and the elastic rings (601) are installed in the first installation holes (103);
first sealing gaskets (8) are arranged between the first installation faces (205) and the transducers (7);
upper portions of the stationary posts (1) are provided with first cylindrical bodies (109), lower portions of the stationary posts (1) are provided with flat key-shaped protrusions (105) extending in an axial direction, first positioning step surfaces (106) are formed between the flat key-shaped protrusions (105) and the stationary posts (1), the transducer assembly installation holes (9) comprise first round holes (901) and key grooves (902), the first round holes (901) are formed in upper portions of the transducer assembly installation holes (9), bottom ends of the transducer assembly installation holes (9) are formed with the key grooves (902) and are provided with second positioning step surfaces (903), and the key grooves (902) are matched with the flat key-shaped protrusions (105):
the upper portions of the transducer assembly installation holes (9) are broached to form second round holes (905), and third positioning step surfaces (908) are formed between the second round holes (905) and the first round holes (901);
the multi-channel ultrasonic flowmeter further comprises second sealing rings (12), polytetrafluoroethylene gaskets (14), disc springs (13) and compression rings (11), the compression rings (11) are in threaded connection with the second round holes (905) and sequentially press the polytetrafluoroethylene gaskets (14) and the disc springs (13) against upper end faces of the stationary posts (1) and the third positioning step surfaces (908), circular grooves (904) are formed in the first round holes (901), and the second sealing rings (12) are arranged in the circular grooves (904);
the multi-channel ultrasonic flowmeter comprises a circuit box (5) arranged outside the pipe housing (10), an integrator is arranged in the circuit box (5), a wire hole (101) and four wiring holes (100) are formed in the pipe housing (10), the wire hole (101) is perpendicular to the pipe housing (10) and is communicated with the circuit box (5), the four transducer assembly installation holes (9) are communicated with the wire hole (101) via the four wiring holes (100), and wire guide holes (104) are formed in the upper portions of the stationary posts (1) and are communicated with the first installation holes (103).

US Pat. No. 10,557,732

FLOWMETERS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

Cameron International Cor...

1. A flowmeter body assembly, comprising:a flowmeter body;
a fluid passage extending through the flowmeter body; and
a plurality of angled connectors extending from a sidewall of the flowmeter body, wherein the flowmeter body and the plurality of angled connectors form a one-piece structure that is devoid of welded joints, and each of the plurality of angled connectors is configured to support a respective sensor to enable measurement of a flow rate of a fluid across at least one chordal plane of the flowmeter body.

US Pat. No. 10,557,731

SENSOR APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MEASURING FLOW

XSENS AS, Bergen (NO)

1. A flow sensor apparatus, comprising:a transducer arrangement arranged to be non-invasively disposed at least partially around an external surface of a wall of a conduit for guiding a flow, wherein
the transducer arrangement is operable to stimulate waves in off-centre chordal paths within the flow, wherein the stimulated waves in the off-centre chordal paths that interact with the flow include information which characterizes off-centre properties of the flow;
the transducer arrangement is operable to excite helically propagating acoustic Lamb waves within the wall of the conduit and stimulate the waves of the off-centre chordal paths within the flow by leaking acoustical energy from the helically propagating acoustic Lamb waves; and
the transducer arrangement is operable to receive the waves of the off-centre chordal paths, helically re-entering the wall of the conduit, and further propagating helically as guided acoustic Lamb waves into the transducer arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,557,730

ALTERNATING MAGNETIC FIELD FLOW METERS WITH EMBEDDED QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CONTROL

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method of characterizing a fluid flow by an alternating magnetic field flow meter, the method comprising:determining a flow rate of a fluid flowing through a conduit by:
generating a first magnetic field to move a magnetic token along a direction of a flow path of a fluid flowing through a conduit;
detecting a first electrical signal based on the movement of the magnetic token along the direction of the flow path;
generating a second magnetic field to move the magnetic token opposite to the direction of the flow path;
detecting a second electrical signal based on the movement of the magnetic token opposite to the direction of the flow path; and
determining the flow rate of the fluid flow based on the detected first electrical signal and the detected second electrical signal, and
determining a conductivity of the fluid flowing through the conduit by:
generating a current along the flow path of the fluid flowing through the conduit;
detecting a third electrical signal based on the current generated along the flow path; and
determining a conductivity measurement of the fluid flow based on the detected third electrical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,729

SENSOR MOUNTING STRUCTURE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A sensor mounting structure comprising:a sensor device that detects at least information in front of a vehicle;
a support member that houses part of the sensor device and is attached to a base member provided on an inner surface of a front windshield glass; and
a display device that displays at least an image of what is in back of the vehicle, the display device being attached such that its angle is adjustable, to a lower end portion of an arm member having upper end portion that is attached to the support member,
wherein a space is formed between an outer surface of the part of the sensor device housed in the support member and an inner surface of the support member.

US Pat. No. 10,557,728

SENSOR MOUNT

MICROTECNICA S.R.L., Tur...

13. A hall effect sensor comprising a magnet, a detector and a mount; wherein the mount comprising:a first mount part for mounting a sensor part; wherein the first mount part is an inner or a central mount part, and
a second mount part for mounting the first mount part; wherein the second mount part is an outer mount part;
wherein a first adjustment mechanism is provided to adjust the first mount part relative to the second mount part and a second adjustment mechanism is provided to adjust the second mount part relative to a support;
wherein at least one of the first adjustment mechanism and the second adjustment mechanism is a discrete vernier adjustment mechanism;
wherein the discrete vernier adjustment mechanism comprises a first array of first alignment features being spaced apart by a first spacing and a second array of second alignment features being spaced apart by a second spacing different from the first spacing, the arrays being arranged such that alignment of a selected one of the first alignment features with a selected one of the second alignment features defines the adjustment of the discrete vernier adjustment mechanism;
wherein the selected first alignment feature is arranged to be fixed in alignment with the selected second alignment feature so as to prevent or restrict relative movement of one array relative to the other; and
wherein one of the magnet and the detector is mounted in the first mount part and is adjustable relative to the other of the magnet and detector.

US Pat. No. 10,557,727

INDUCTIVE DISPLACEMENT SENSORS

HUTCHINSON, Paris (FR)

16. An inductive displacement sensor comprising:a target, the target comprising
a plurality of separated conductive patterns distributed along a zone having a dimension Dtot in a direction of a first circular annular strip or wide strip of the target, said patterns being defined by an overlay of at least
a first set of elementary periodic patterns having a period approximately equal to Dtot/N, including N first elementary conductive patterns of a dimension approximately equal to Dtot/2N in said direction, regularly distributed along the first circular annular strip of the target, each of the first elementary periodic patterns having the shape of a sector of the first circular annular strip of the target, and
a second set of elementary periodic patterns having a period approximately equal to Dtot/(N+r), including N+r second elementary patterns of a dimension approximately equal to Dtot/2(N+r) in said direction, regularly distributed along a second circular annular strip or narrow strip of the target, concentric with the first circular annular strip and included in the first circular annular strip, each of the second elementary patterns having the shape of an annular sector of the second circular annular strip of the target, where N is an integer greater than or equal to 2 and r is a positive integer, different to zero and less than or equal to N?1; and
a transducer comprising
a primary winding producing a uniform magnetic excitation in a first circular annular strip of the transducer identical to the first circular annular strip of the target, facing the first circular annular strip of the target,
a first set of at least two secondary windings each comprising N first turns of the same winding direction or 2N first turns of alternating winding directions, regularly distributed along the zone having the dimension Dtot in the direction of the first circular annular strip or the wide strip of the target, each first turn having a dimension in said direction approximately equal to Dtot/2N of the first circular annular strip of the transducer, and the N or 2N first turns of each winding being regularly distributed along the first circular annular strip of the transducer, and
a second set of at least two secondary windings each comprising N+r second turns of the same winding direction or 2(N+r) second turns of alternating winding directions, regularly distributed along said zone, each second turn having a dimension in said direction approximately equal to Dtot/2(N+r) of a second circular annular strip of the transducer, identical to the second circular annular strip of the target and facing the second circular annular strip of the target, where N is an integer greater than or equal to 2 and r is a positive integer, different to zero and less than or equal to N?1,
wherein first and second turns overlap at least partially, and
wherein first and second elementary conductive patterns overlap at least partially.

US Pat. No. 10,557,726

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING ANGLE ERROR FOR MAGNETIC FIELD ANGLE SENSORS

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A magnetic field angle sensor to detect a direction of a magnetic field comprising:a first bridge structure configured to generate a first sinusoidal signal indicative of the magnetic field along a first axis and a first cosinusoidal signal indicative of the magnetic field along a second axis that is orthogonal with respect to the first axis; and
a second bridge structure configured to generate a second sinusoidal signal indicative of the magnetic field along a third axis and a second cosinusoidal signal indicative of the magnetic field along a fourth axis that is orthogonal with respect to the third axis, wherein an angle between the first axis and the third axis is a factor of 90°; and
a circuit responsive to the first sinusoidal signal, the first cosinusoidal signal, the second sinusoidal signal, and the second cosinusoidal signal for computing an output signal indicative of the direction of the magnetic field;
wherein the circuit comprises an arctangent processor to compute a first arctangent of the first sinusoidal signal and the first cosinusoidal signal and to compute a second arctangent of the second sinusoidal signal and the second cosinusoidal signal; and
wherein the circuit further comprises a differencing element configured to subtract the angle between the first axis and the third axis from the second arctangent to generate a third arctangent.

US Pat. No. 10,557,725

MAGNETORESISTIVE WHEATSTONE MEASURING BRIDGE AND ANGLE SENSOR HAVING AT LEAST TWO SUCH MEASURING BRIDGES

SENSITEC GMBH, Lahnau (D...

1. Magnetoresistive Wheatstone bridge comprising two bridge branches connected in parallel between a supply potential Vb, two series-connected resistor arrangements R1 and R3 or R2 and R4 arranged in each bridge branch with an interposed measuring potential Vout, and the resistor arrangements R1 and R4 or R2 and R3 of the two bridge branches being diagonally opposite and at least two magnetoresistive resistor arrangements R1, R2, R3, R4 having a magnetically sensitive preferred direction, the preferred directions of diagonally opposing magnetoresistive resistor arrangements of the bridge branches R1 and R4 or R2 and R3 differing from one another by an angle other than 0° or 180, wherein the preferred directions of the series-connected resistor arrangements R1 and R3 or R2 and R4 of each bridge branch are oriented antiparallel, or the preferred directions of the resistor arrangements R1 and R2 or R3 and R4 situated opposite one another in pairs in the bridge branches are oriented nonparallel.

US Pat. No. 10,557,724

ANGLE DETECTION OF A ROTATING SYSTEM USING A SINGLE MAGNET AND MULTIPLE HALL SENSORS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An angular detection system comprising:a stationary component;
a rotating component, wherein the rotating component is capable of rotating relative to the stationary component;
a magnet located on one of the stationary component or the rotating component, where the magnet generates a plurality of magnetic flux lines;
a plurality of sensors located on the other of the stationary component and the rotating component, where the plurality of sensors is placed along a motion path of the magnet,
wherein the plurality of sensors senses the plurality of magnetic flux lines and generates one or more signals indicative of the sensed plurality of magnetic flux lines; and
logic that determines an angle of rotation of the angular detection system based on the one or more signals.

US Pat. No. 10,557,723

APPARATUS FOR DETECTING AN ANGLE OF ROTATION

Haechitech Corporation, ...

1. An apparatus for detecting an angle of rotation, comprising:a rotatable member situated in a first plane and rotatable to be switched between a reference state and rotated states, the rotatable member being unrotated in the reference state;
magnet pieces arranged on the rotatable member along a circumferential direction of the rotatable member at intervals of an angle, the magnet pieces moving along a first locus as the rotatable member is rotated;
a Hall sensor comprising a first Hall element and a second Hall element spaced apart from each other, situated in a second plane spaced a predetermined distance apart from the first plane, and positioned along a second locus, the second locus being a projection of the first locus into the second plane, and the Hall sensor providing a first output from the first Hall element and a second output from the second Hall element varying as the rotatable member is rotated; and
a processor configured to detect an angle of rotation of the rotatable member in response to receiving the first output and the second output from the Hall sensor based on the first and second outputs and using an equation that is a cubic polynomial,
wherein the equation is yi=aix3+bix2+cix+di, and
wherein x is a variable indicative of an output of an ith Hall element, yi is a variable indicative of the angle of rotation of the rotatable member, and i is a positive integer.

US Pat. No. 10,557,722

SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF THE POSITION INDICATOR OF A POSITION MEASURING SYSTEM

NM Numerical Modelling Gm...

1. A system comprising:a sensor chip comprising a plurality, r, of magnetic field sensors,
a rotationally moveable or linearly displaceable position indicator having a magnet configured to produce a periodically changing magnetic field at the locations of the magnetic field sensors when the magnet is moved or displaced, respectively, and
a position measuring system operated in two modes, a first mode and a second mode, the first mode being a calibration mode and the second mode being a measurement mode, the position measuring system operated at first in the calibration mode and then in the measurement mode;
the calibration mode of operation configured to determine a calibration matrix M, the calibration matrix M being a 2×n matrix, using one of:
A) (1) detecting the sensor signals ak1 to akr of the magnetic field sensors for a predetermined number of k=1 to m?3 positions of the position indicator,
(2) forming m signal vectors ak=(ak1, . . . , akr) from the sensor signals with k=1 to m,
(3) forming m measurement vectors qk with k=1 to m according to a predetermined function g to qk=g(ak),
(4) forming a matrix Q according to

 and
(5) determining the matrix M from the matrix Q in such a way, that the transformation p=M·q is a linear mapping, which maps each of the m measurement vectors qk on a 2-component vector pk, wherein the tips of the vectors pk substantially lie on a circle or on a circular arc,or:B) (1) setting an index i=0 and configuring a predetermined starting matrix M(0), the matrix M(0) being a 2×n matrix,
(2) detecting and storing a plurality of measurement vectors q according to the steps A and B of the measurement mode of operation,
(3) repeatedly executing the following steps:
(a) setting the calibration matrix M to M=M(i)
(b) increasing the index i by 1,
(c) calculating the positions ? of the stored measurement vectors q according to the steps C and D of the measurement mode of operation,
(d) selecting a number of k=1 to m of the stored measurement vectors qk, the corresponding positions ?k of which fulfill a predetermined criterion,
(e) forming a matrix Q according to

(f) determining a new matrix M(i) from the matrix Q in such a way, that the transformation p=M·q is a linear mapping, which maps each of the m selected measurement vectors qk on a 2-component vector pk,
until the matrix M(i) within a predetermined tolerance no longer differs from the matrix M(i?1), whereby the tips of the vectors pk with increasing index i substantially come to lie on a circle or on a circular arc; and
the measurement mode of operation configured to use the calibration matrix M to repeatedly determine a position ? of the position indicator by:
(A) detecting the sensor signals a1 to ar of the magnetic field sensors and forming a signal vector a=(a1, . . . , ar),
(B) forming a measurement vector q according to the predetermined linear function g to q=g(a), wherein the measurement vector q has a number of n components, with 2?n?r,
(C) calculating a vector p=M·q, wherein p is a 2-component vector with the components p1 and p2, and
(D) determining the position ? by means of a predetermined function ƒ(p) to ?=ƒ(p),
wherein the predetermined function ƒ(p)=ƒ(p1,p2) is based on the equations p1=cos(?) and p2=sin(?).

US Pat. No. 10,557,721

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ANONYMISING SMART METERING DATA

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A smart meter comprising:an input port;
an output port; and
a processor configured to,
obtain through the input port, at each time point of a series of points in time, first data representing an amount of a utility provided by a utility provider and consumed by a consumer since a preceding time point in the series of points in time;
periodically scramble after predetermined periods of time the first data to over-represent or under-represent the consumed amount of the utility for anonymization of the first data, and to generate second data representative of the scrambled first data,
determine if a deviation between a value of said first data at a first point in time and corresponding second data at the first point in time exceeds a predetermined threshold,
when it is determined that a deviation between a value of said first data at the first point in time and corresponding second data at the first point in time exceeds the predetermined threshold, alter over or under-representation of the first data in generation of the second data so that the second data obtained at a second point in time subsequent to the first point in time converge with the first data and so that at the predetermined periods of time or at the end of a predetermined period, the second data correctly represent long term consumption of the utility, and
sending the second data to the utility provider using the output port.

US Pat. No. 10,557,720

UNAUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL GRID CONNECTION DETECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

PACIFIC GAS AND ELECTRIC ...

1. A computer-implemented method of monitoring unauthorized electrical grid access comprising:operating a hardware system with at least one processor executing instructions from a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of an electrical grid access detection system, the instructions causing the at least one processor to:
receive data from an electrical connection to an electrical component of the electric grid;
retrieve customer energy data from at least one energy delivery server comprising one or more customer records of a customer's coupling to one or more energy delivery systems or networks;
determine a net energy metering (NEM) status by establishing an indicator of net energy metering (NEM) access to the customer from the customer energy data;
determine solar status by determining if the customer is a solar customer from the customer energy data;
determine system size of the customer from the customer energy data,
wherein system size determination includes at least one of: calculating a maximum export demand within a two month period; calculating a ratio between a maximum export demand and a recorded system size retrieved from the server for a net energy metering (NEM) customer; ranking the customer using a ratio between a maximum export demand and a recorded system size retrieved from the server for a net energy metering (NEM) customer and removing the top 1%; and calculating a demand/adjusted factor input variable; and
prepare a determination of unauthorized interconnection of the customer based at least in part on the analysis of system size, solar status, and the customer's net energy metering (NEM) status.

US Pat. No. 10,557,719

GAS TURBINE SENSOR FAILURE DETECTION UTILIZING A SPARSE CODING METHODOLOGY

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A method for detecting gas turbine sensor failure based upon collected readings from at least one sensor, comprising:creating a dictionary of basis vectors defining values associated with known sensor readings for normal operating conditions;
applying a sparse coding process to a set of sensor reading data, using the created dictionary, to identify a set of L-1 norm residual data;
evaluating the L-1 norm residual data to categorize a predetermined subset of the largest-valued L-1 norm residual data as abnormal sensor readings;
comparing the abnormal sensor readings to a plurality of prior sensor readings and defining the designated abnormal sensor readings as associated with a sensor failure if a predefined number of the prior sensor readings are also designated as abnormal sensor readings;
transmitting a sensor failure signal to gas turbine personnel, identifying the particular sensor; and
removing the failed sensor from service, and repairing or replacing the failed sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,557,718

AUXILIARY CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

Haoxiang Electric Energy ...

1. An auxiliary control method for an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), comprising steps of:based on a flight attitude and a flight speed of the UAV, predicting a flight path of the UAV in a scheduled time; and
providing information about the flight path of the UAV in the scheduled time to an operator of the UAV;
wherein: when the operator of the UAV controls the UAV, the flight path of the UAV in the scheduled time is predicted further based on a rudder degree of the UAV and operation information for controlling a wireless remote controller of the UAV from the operator of the UAV.

US Pat. No. 10,557,717

STEP COUNTER DEVICES AND STEP COUNTING METHODS

RAZER (ASIA-PACIFIC) PTE....

1. A step counter device comprising:an accelerometer configured to determine an acceleration in each axis of a plurality of axes;
a dominant axis determination circuit configured to determine one axis of the plurality of axes to be a dominant axis based on determining, for each axis of the plurality of axes, a first plurality of criteria for the respective axis comprising a criterion indicating whether a frequency of a periodic signal of the acceleration in the respective axis is within a first pre-determined range, a criterion indicating whether a frequency jitter of the periodic signal of the acceleration in the respective axis between cycles within the periodic signal is within a second pre-determined range, a criterion indicating whether a variation in an amplitude of the acceleration in the respective axis between the cycles is within a third pre-determined range, a criterion indicating whether the acceleration in the respective axis is higher than a pre-determined threshold, and a criterion indicating whether periodic signal of the acceleration in the respective axis includes at least a pre-determined number of cycles;
wherein the axis that fulfils the first plurality of criteria is determined by the dominant axis determination circuit to be the dominant axis;
a step number determination circuit configured to determine a number of steps based on determining whether the determined dominant axis fulfils a second plurality of criteria comprising
a criterion indicating whether a frequency of a periodic signal of the acceleration in the respective axis is within a first pre-determined range, a criterion indicating whether a frequency jitter of the periodic signal of the acceleration in the respective axis between cycles within the periodic signal is within a second pre-determined range, a criterion indicating whether a variation in an amplitude of the acceleration in the respective axis between the cycles is within a third pre-determined range, and a criterion indicating whether the acceleration in the respective axis is higher than a pre-determined threshold;
wherein a step count is registered when the determined dominant axis fulfils the second plurality of criteria.

US Pat. No. 10,557,716

AUDIBLE ROUTE SEQUENCE FOR NAVIGATION GUIDANCE

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method comprising:determining, by a user apparatus and via one or more location sensors, a user location;
determining, by the user apparatus, a distance aspect for one or more waypoints, wherein (a) the one or more waypoints are identified based on map data of a geographic database, (b) the one or more waypoints define at least part of a route to a destination location, and (c) the distance aspect of a first waypoint is a distance between the first waypoint and the user location;
determining, by the user apparatus, a directional aspect for one or more waypoints, wherein the directional aspect of a first waypoint is an angle between a line connecting the user location to the first waypoint and a reference heading;
determining, by the user apparatus, a cadence based on distances between consecutive waypoints of the route;
determining, by the user apparatus, a route sequence based on the distance aspects for the one or more waypoints, the directional aspects for the one or more waypoints, and the cadence, wherein (a) each waypoint is assigned an audible pitch, (b) a volume assigned to the audible pitch for the first waypoint is determined based on the distance aspect corresponding to the first waypoint, (c) a direction assigned to the audible pitch for the first waypoint is determined based on the directional aspect corresponding to the first waypoint; and
causing, by the user apparatus, the route sequence to be audibly provided via a sound device.

US Pat. No. 10,557,715

CREATING ROUTE BASED ON IMAGE ANALYSIS OR REASONING

International Business Ma...

1. A method of identifying a route for a user based on satellite imagery analysis, comprising:identifying a destination for the user;
identifying special needs of the user;
obtaining satellite imagery of a specified area and storing the satellite imagery in a database;
a navigation system,
using GPS location software to determine the user's current location,
identifying a plurality of candidate routes for the user to the destination,
using image recognition and extrapolation software to get image data from the satellite imagery,
checking for the special needs of the user,
using a plurality of common variables and a plurality of special variables based on the special needs of the user to determine a best route for the user to the destination, wherein each of the variables has a weight based on the special needs of the user, and including
using the variables, in an order of highest to lowest priority, to analyze, through the image recognition and extrapolation software, to generate a score for each of the candidate routes, and
presenting to the user the one of the candidate routes with a best of the scores.

US Pat. No. 10,557,714

TRAFFIC MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD

TOMTOM TRAFFIC B.V., Ams...

3. A computer-implemented method in which data representative of vehicles moving along roads in a designated geographical area, the roads being defined in a map database in a memory in terms of route segments, is processed by a processing module of a traffic monitoring system to measure traffic speed or transit time data as a function of time, the method comprising:generating a database of historical time-dependent traffic speeds or transit times for at least some route segments in the map database, the data associated with a route segment comprising an average traffic speed or transit time along the route segment for each of a plurality of time windows;
identifying currently congested route segments on which the traffic speed or transit time is less than expected at a current time;
predicting a traffic speed or transit time for a requested future time for at least one currently congested route segment;
determining a current traffic speed ratio as a ratio of:
traffic speeds or transit times observed at a recent time, and
a predicted traffic speed or transit time at the recent time, the predicted traffic speed being a historical average traffic speed or transit time for the recent time;
scaling the predicted traffic speed or transit time for the requested future time for the at least one currently congested route in proportion to the current traffic speed ratio, wherein said scaling comprises decaying the scaling as the distance of the prediction into the future grows; and
providing the predicted traffic speed or transit time to a navigation system for the requested future time.

US Pat. No. 10,557,713

GENERATION OF TRIP ESTIMATES USING REAL-TIME DATA AND HISTORICAL DATA

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:for each sequential time period, iteratively training a real-time model for estimating a trip duration of a trip within a next time period based on characteristics of the trip and training a selector model for predicting an estimated trip duration of a trip by:
identifying a first training window occurring within a current time period;
identifying a first set of completed trips associated with the first training window, each trip having a known duration and characteristics;
training the real-time model to predict trip duration based on the first set of completed trips;
identifying a second training window occurring after the first training window and within the current time period;
identifying a second set of completed trips associated with the second training window, each trip having a known duration and characteristics;
generating a set of estimated trip durations of the trips in the second set of completed trips using a historical model;
generating a set of estimated trip durations of the trips in the second set of completed trips using the real-time model;
training the selector model to predict an estimated trip duration based on the set of estimated trip durations generated by the real-time model and the set of estimated trip durations generated by the historical model;
receiving a request to estimate a duration of a new trip during the next time period;
generating a first estimated trip duration of the new trip by applying characteristics of the new trip to the real-time model;
generating a second estimated trip duration of the new trip by applying characteristics of the new trip to the historical model; and
determining, by the selector model, the new trip duration based on the first estimated trip duration and the second estimated trip duration.

US Pat. No. 10,557,712

DETERMINATION OF A ROUTE OF A MOBILE DEVICE IN A MOBILE NETWORK

International Business Ma...

1. A method, said method comprising:designating, by one or more processors of a computer system, a common route of at least one common route as a traveled route of a mobile device with respect to consecutive movements of the mobile device in a mobile network along a path of locations from an origin location of the path at an earliest activity of a plurality of activities of the mobile device to a destination location of the path at a latest activity of the plurality of activities;
said one or more processors communicating, to a traffic planning system, the designated common route and other common routes relating to all network activity records generated by a user of the mobile device accessing the mobile network;
in response to said communicating, said traffic planning system obtaining a real-time view of traffic density along journey paths in a transport infrastructure;
in response to the real-time view of traffic density along journey paths in the transport infrastructure, said traffic planning system making informed decisions about traffic planning comprising traffic alerts, redirecting traffic, closing roads, and opening new roads along new routes;
said traffic planning system implementing the informed decisions, said implementing comprising issuing traffic alerts, redirecting traffic, closing roads, and opening new roads along new routes;
said one or more processors computing a ratio of (i) a sum of a coverage area of a start cell in which one activity of the mobile device was initiated and a coverage area of an end cell in which the one activity of the mobile device was terminated to (ii) a distance between a centroid of the start cell and a centroid of the end cell such that the distance has a positive value; and
said one or more processors determining a confidence value as a function of the computed ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,557,711

APPARATUS FOR INFERRING PEDESTRIAN POSITION BASED ON PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT DETECTION, AND METHOD THEREFOR

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. A method for estimating a pedestrian position based on pedestrian motion recognition, comprising:recognizing a specific motion of a plurality of motions of a pedestrian, wherein the recognizing the specific motion of the plurality of motions of the pedestrian includes recognizing the specific motion of the plurality of motions of the pedestrian by pattern recognition based on signals from a vibration detection sensor and a rotation detection sensor built in a user terminal, and wherein the plurality of motions of the pedestrian include stopping, walking, running, answering a phone, and walking while putting the terminal in a pocket;
estimating a number of steps, a direction, and a stride of the pedestrian based on the recognized specific motion; and
estimating a position of the pedestrian by the estimated number of steps, the estimated direction, and the estimated stride,
wherein estimating the stride of the pedestrian includes measuring an actual movement distance of the user using geographic information and rotation information by determining rotation information measured at a first point of time when the user turns a certain corner and a second point of time when the user turns a following corner and determining the actual movement distance by associating the rotation information measured at the first point and the rotation information measured at the second point with the geographic information, and estimating a stride of the pedestrian based on the actual movement distance.

US Pat. No. 10,557,710

DUAL-AXIS ULTRA-ROBUST ROTATION RATE SENSOR FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

Robert Bosch GMBH, Stutt...

1. A rotation rate sensor, comprising:a substrate having a main plane of extension;
at least one first rotation rate sensor structure for detecting a first rotation rate of the rotation rate sensor about an axis that is essentially in parallel to a first axis extending in parallel to the main plane of extension;
at least one second rotation rate sensor structure for detecting a second rotation rate of the rotation rate sensor about an axis that is parallel to a second axis extending perpendicularly with respect to the main plane of extension;
a drive device for deflecting at least one first structure of the first rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate, and at least one second structure of the first rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and with respect to the first structure, and for deflecting at least one third structure of the second rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and at least one fourth structure of the second rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and with respect to the third structure, in such a way that the first, second, third, and fourth structures are excitable into a mechanically coupled oscillation;
wherein the first structure and the fourth structure are excitable into a linear oscillation in phase with respect to one another, and are excitable into an linear oscillation in phase opposition with respect to the second structure and the third structure, in each case with motion components in parallel to a third axis extending perpendicularly with respect to the first axis and perpendicularly with respect to the second axis, the rotation rate sensor being configured in such a way that a first action of force on the first structure and a second action of force on the second structure, in phase opposition with respect to the first action of force, are detectable based on the first rotation rate, and a third action of force on the third structure and a fourth action of force on the fourth structure, in phase opposition with respect to the third action of force, are detectable based on the second rotation rate.

US Pat. No. 10,557,709

METHOD OF SURVEYING AND A SURVEYING SYSTEM

Technological Resources P...

1. A method of surveying a mine during mining operations, the mine including survey data defining a terrain model of at least a region of the mine, the method comprising:mounting a plurality of fixed scanning sensors in selected regions in the mine and scanning sensors on mobile platforms movable to selected regions within the mine, each sensor configured to operate automatically upon receipt of a suitable control command from a computing system;
automatically monitoring the survey data defining the terrain model of the region of the mine, the survey data being stored in a data storage system;
automatically interrogating the data storage system to determine whether or not the survey data of a specific part of the region require updating by automatically assessing the quality of the survey data of the specific part of the region, the assessment based on at least one of information from equipment and planning systems relating to mining operations, equipment presence, and feedback from equipment activities in carrying out mining operations in the specific part of the region of the mine, the equipment communicating activity data to the computing system;
if any survey data of the specific part of the region are determined to require updating, having the computing system determine where in the mine a change of terrain has occurred and determine which of the plurality of sensors to use to scan the specific part of the region where the change of terrain has occurred;
automatically sending by the computing system a suitable command to the selected sensors to obtain the required updated survey data, automatically using the selected sensors to survey the specific part of the region to generate updated survey data, and communicating the updated survey data to the computer system;
updating the terrain model using the updated survey data; and
controlling operation of mobile mining machinery based on the updated terrain model.

US Pat. No. 10,557,708

RANGE FINDER

NIKON VISION CO., LTD., ...

1. A range finder comprising:a light transmitting section that includes a first correcting member for correcting image blur and emits measurement light to a sighting target;
a light receiving section that receives returned light from the sighting target and outputs a received light signal;
a driving section that drives the first correcting member;
a second correcting member that causes the measurement light, which proceeds in an inclined manner due to driving of the first correcting member, to be incident to the light receiving section; and
a power changing section that drives the second correcting member, and that controls a focal distance of light receiving section.

US Pat. No. 10,557,707

ENCODER, DRIVING DEVICE, AND ROBOT APPARATUS

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An encoder comprising:a first sensor that receives a first light via a first index pattern provided in a first rotating member that rotates about an axis line;
a second sensor that receives a second light via a second index pattern provided in a second rotating member that is connected to the first rotating member via a reducer; and
a holding board which holds the first sensor and the second sensor, the holding board having a discontinuous portion that includes an opening or a recess, wherein
a position of the first rotating member in an axial direction of the axis line is different from a position of the second rotating member in the axial direction of the axis line,
one of the first sensor and the second sensor is located at the discontinuous portion and the other of the first sensor and the second sensor is located at a surface of the holding board,
a position of a light receiving part of the first sensor in the axial direction of the axis line is different from a position of a light receiving part of the second sensor in the axial direction of the axis line, and
the light receiving part of the first sensor and the light receiving part of the second sensor oppose the first and the second index patterns.

US Pat. No. 10,557,706

MEASUREMENT PROCESSING DEVICE, X-RAY INSPECTION APPARATUS, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING STRUCTURE, MEASUREMENT PROCESSING METHOD, X-RAY INSPECTION METHOD, MEASUREMENT PROCESSING PROGRAM, AND X-RAY INSPECTION PROGRAM

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A measurement processing device used for an x-ray inspection apparatus that detects an x-ray passing through a predetermined region of a specimen placed on a placement unit to perform an inspection on the shape of the predetermined region of the specimen, the measurement processing device comprising:a setting unit that sets a three-dimensional region to be detected on the specimen; and
a slice selection unit that sets a plurality of sliced regions on the region to be detected, calculates, for each of the plurality of sliced regions, an amount of displacement of the predetermined region that is required to detect the region to be detect when the plurality of sliced regions are regarded as the predetermined region, and selects a sliced region for the inspection from among the plurality of sliced regions on the basis of each of the calculated amounts of displacement.

US Pat. No. 10,557,705

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ENHANCING DEPTH MAPS WITH POLARIZATION CUES

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) capturing a first set of images of an object, which first set of images comprises one or more images;
(b) capturing a second set of images of the object, which second set includes a first polarized image, a second polarized image and a third polarized image, in such a way that the first, second and third polarized images capture light that has been filtered at a first polarizer angle, a second polarizer angle and a third polarizer angle, respectively, the first, second and third polarizer angles being different from each other;
(c) calculating, based on the first set of images, a first depth map of a surface of the object;
(d) calculating, based on the first depth map, a first set of surface normals;
(e) calculating a binary mask, based in part on divergence of the first set of surface normals;
(f) calculating, based on the second set of images, polarization surface normals of the surface; and
(g) performing a computation that (i) is based on the first depth map, the binary mask and the polarization surface normals, (ii) disregards gradients in a first region of the surface, the first region being a region in which degree of polarization is lower than in the rest of the surface, and (iii) calculates a second depth map of the surface, which second depth map is more accurate than the first depth map in part because the gradients in the first region of the surface are disregarded.

US Pat. No. 10,557,704

NON-DESTRUCTIVE DETECTION METHOD

DISCO CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A non-destructive detection method of detecting, in a non-destructive manner, a modified layer formed by positioning, inside a workpiece having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, a focal point of a laser beam of a wavelength transmissible through the workpiece and applying the laser beam to the workpiece, the method comprising:a preparing step of preparing an inspection apparatus including imaging means provided with an objective lens and imaging the workpiece from a side of the first surface, a light source emitting light of a wavelength band transmissible through the workpiece from the side of the first surface, driving means causing the objective lens to move close to or apart from the first surface, and recording means recording an image imaged by the imaging means;
an image acquisition step of, in a case in which the first surface is set as an X-Y plane, intermittently moving the objective lens by a predetermined distance H in a Z-axis direction orthogonal to the X-Y plane to be made closer to the first surface, positioning the focal point to each of a plurality of Z-axis coordinate values where a distance of the focal point extends by a refractive index of the workpiece, acquiring an X-Y plane image of an inside of the workpiece for each of the plurality of Z-axis coordinate values, and then, recording the acquired images in the recording means; and
a modified layer detecting step of detecting a state of the modified layer from the X-Y plane image for each of the plurality of Z-axis coordinate values recorded in the recording means.

US Pat. No. 10,557,703

DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A DISTANCE

Rockwell Automation Limit...

1. A distance measuring device comprising:a light source configured to illuminate an object with emitted light pulses;
at least one photo element configured to capture arriving light pulses comprising a subset of the emitted light pulses back reflected from the object;
a trigger generator configured to control an emission of the emitted light pulses and activate the at least one photo element during integration gates, the integration gates comprising two first integration gates and two second integration gates, wherein
the at least one photo element is configured to output a signal value (U) at an end of respective integration gates of the integration gates, the signal value U being proportional to an energy of light arriving on the at least one photo element during a duration in which the at least one photo element is activated,
the trigger generator is configured to control the emission of the emitted light pulses such that a sequence of the emitted light pulses having a constant pulse duration (Tp) is emitted and a repetition rate of the emitted light pulses is constant,
the sequence of the emitted light pulses comprises four consecutively emitted light pulses that alternate in intensity between a first intensity (Ie,l) and a second intensity (Ie,h) that is greater than the first intensity (Ie,l) to yield a first emitted light pulse having the first intensity (Ie,l), a second emitted light pulse having the second intensity (Ie,h), a third emitted light pulse having the first intensity (Ie,l) and a fourth emitted light pulse having the second intensity (Ie,h),
the trigger generator is configured to activate the at least one photo element such that a first arriving light pulse corresponding to the first emitted light pulse and a second arriving light pulse corresponding to the second emitted light pulse are captured by the at least one photo element within the two first integration gates, respectively, and a third arriving light pulse corresponding to the third emitted light pulse and a fourth arriving light pulse corresponding to the fourth emitted light pulse are captured by the at least one photo element within the two second integration gates, respectively,
first start times of the two first integration gates are delayed relative to first emission start times of the first and second emitted light pulses, respectively, by a first delay time (T1,s),
second start times of the two second integration gates are delayed relative to second emission start times of the third and fourth emitted light pulses, respectively, by a second delay time (T2,s), wherein the second delay time (T2,s) is longer than the first delay time (T1,s); and
a processing unit configured to calculate a distance between the distance measuring device and the object based on a first difference of signal values (U) outputted at ends of the two first integration gates and a second difference of the signal values (U) outputted at ends of the two second integration gates.

US Pat. No. 10,557,702

ARTICULATING HEAD FOR OPTICAL PROBES, COORDINATE MEASURING SYSTEM, AND TOOL HOLDER

TESA SARL, Renens (CH)

1. Articulating probe head for orienting an optical coordinate probe, comprising, a support releasably connectable to a positioning platform of a coordinate measuring machine, a first rotor rotatably connected to the support for rotation about a first axis, a second rotor, rotatably connected to the first rotor for rotation about a second axis perpendicular to the first axis, a distal connector for releasably connecting an optical coordinate probe, a first motor and a second motor, for rotating the first, respectively second rotors about the first respectively second axis, and an optical fiber, connecting a first optical port in the distal connector, for connection to the optical coordinate probe, to a second optical port in the support, for connection to the CMM.

US Pat. No. 10,557,701

MEMS TUNABLE VCSEL POWERED SWEPT SOURCE OCT FOR 3D METROLOGY APPLICATIONS

Thorlabs, Inc., Newton, ...

1. An optical probe system for measuring physical and geometrical data from an object comprising:a light source configured to generate light emission over a wavelength range;
a measurement probe configured to deliver a portion of the light emission from the light source as an optical beam to measure the object, and collect the light from the object, the measurement probe having a beam focusing control mechanism;
a reference light generator configured to receive a portion of the light emission from the light source to generate a reference light, the reference light generator having an optical path with adjustable optical delay;
an optical interferometer configured to receive the light from the object collected by the measurement probe and the reference light, and generate interfere fringe signals recorded by a detection system;
a signal processor configured to process the interference fringe signals to obtain an optical delay difference between the light from the object and the reference light, and to obtain a height of the object;
a first control loop configured to control the optical beam focusing conditions in the measurement probe based on the optical delay difference and the height of the object obtained by the signal processor, causing the optical beam to be focused on the object by the beam focusing control mechanism; and
a second control loop configured to control the adjustment of optical delay in the reference light generator based on the optical delay difference obtained by the signal processor, and to change an electronic frequency of the detected signals to be within an optimal electronic frequency detection range of the detection system, and for the signal processor to process the optimized interference fringe signals to obtain the height of the object with improved accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,557,700

DYNAMIC MODE SWITCHING FOR MULTI-MODE OPHTHALMIC OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

Novartis AG, Basel (CH)

1. A method for selectively producing a half-depth OCT image or a full-depth OCT image, based on a swept-source OCT interference signal, the method comprising:selecting from a first sampling rate and a second sampling rate, the second sampling rate being twice the first sampling rate;
selecting from a first sweep rate and a second sweep rate the second sweep rate being half the first;
operating a swept optical source at the selected sweep rate;
sampling the swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) interference signal at the selected sampling rate, using a single k-clock signal having a frequency range corresponding to the first sampling rate, to produce a sampled OCT interference signal, the single k-clock signal produced by a single k-clock; and
processing the sampled OCT interference signal to obtain an OCT image, such that the OCT image is a half-depth image in the event the first sampling rate is selected and a full-depth image in the event the second sampling rate is selected;
wherein said sampling the swept-source OCT interference signal comprises using the single k-clock signal from the single k-clock to sample the swept-source OCT interference signal in either a half-rate mode or a full-rate mode, based on whether the first sampling rate or second sampling rate is selected, wherein the half-rate mode comprises sampling the swept-source OCT interference signal on either every rising edge of the single k-clock signal or every falling edge of the single k-clock signal, but not both, and wherein the full-rate mode comprises sampling the swept-source OCT interference signal on every rising edge and every falling edge of the single k-clock signal.