US Pat. No. 10,365,031

COOLING AND/OR FREEZING DEVICE

1. A refrigeration unit which is a refrigerator, a freezer or a refrigerator-freezer-combination, the refrigeration unit having:a body that encloses an interior space;
a first door and a second door hinged to the body and opening in opposite directions, the first door and the second door covering an opening to the interior space;
a first seal mounted to the first door such that when the doors are closed the first seal protrudes into a gap between the doors, thereby assuming a closed position relative to the first door;
a first door opening sensor; and
a first drive unit communicating with the first door opening sensor;
wherein the first drive unit is configured to withdraw, when activated, the first seal from the closed position into an open position relative to the second door, where the first seal is further removed from the second door and retracted towards the first door;
wherein the first drive unit communicates with the first seal via a mechanism comprising an eccentric; and
wherein the first drive unit is configured to be activated if the first door opening sensor detects that a first door is opened or that the first door is touched by a user.

US Pat. No. 10,365,029

INSULATED FRAME SECTION AND REFRIGERATOR DOOR SYSTEM CONSTRUCTED FROM SUCH SECTIONS

1. An insulated frame section, comprising:an elongate interior frame member;
an elongate exterior frame member; and
an elongate insulation element having a generally rectangular cross-section, the insulation element having a first side connected to the interior frame member and a second side adjacent to the first side, the second side being connected to the exterior frame member, the insulation element preventing any direct physical contact between the interior and exterior frame members;
wherein a gap is defined between the interior frame member and the exterior frame member at a junction between the first side and the second side of the insulation element; and
wherein a junction between a third side and a fourth side of the insulation element defines an external corner of the frame section.

US Pat. No. 10,365,028

VENDING MACHINE

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A vending machine comprising:a vending machine main body formed as a heat-insulated housing, and having a product accommodation chamber, a machine chamber and a base,
an internal heat exchanger installed in the product accommodation chamber,
an external heat exchanger made of aluminum and installed in the machine chamber of the vending machine main body, the aluminum external heat exchanger including
a flat tube forming a refrigerant flow path, and
a corrugated fin adhered to the flat tube,
a compressor installed in the machine chamber and forming a refrigeration cycle together with the internal heat exchanger and the aluminum external heat exchanger,
an attachment base made of a steel plate and disposed on the base, the aluminum external heat exchanger and the compressor being provided on the attachment base, and
a pair of right and left holding members made of synthetic resin and engaging with and fixing to the attachment base, each having an accommodation unit corresponding to an outer shape at two sides of a lower portion of the aluminum external heat exchanger, each of the accommodation units including
a bottom wall arranged between the aluminum external heat exchanger and the attachment base,
front and rear walls arranged along front and rear edges of the bottom wall, respectively, the front and rear walls of each of the accommodation units contacting front and rear edges of the corrugated fin of the aluminum external heat exchanger, and
an external side wall extending from the bottom wall and connecting the front and rear walls of each of the accommodation units, the external side wall having a recessed portion to receive the flat tube without contacting the flat tube,
wherein the pair of right and left holding members forms a gap between the aluminum external heat exchanger and the attachment base such that the two sides of the lower portion of the aluminum external heat exchanger are accommodated and held in the accommodation units.

US Pat. No. 10,365,027

SIMPLIFIED AND ENERGY EFFICIENT MULTI TEMPERATURE UNIT

THERMO KING CORPORATION, ...

1. A refrigerated transport unit comprising:a multi-zone transport unit including an internal space separated into a first zone and a second zone, wherein the internal space including a zone separator separating and thermally isolating the first zone and the second zone;
an energy efficient multi-zone transport refrigeration system (MTRS) configured to control and maintain a separate environmental condition requirement of each of the first zone and the second zone, the MTRS including:
a remote fan unit provided between the first zone and the second zone, the remote fan unit configured to provide a heat exchange between the first zone and the second zone for providing climate control within the second zone,
wherein the remote fan unit is a fan coil unit that includes within a single remote fan unit housing:
a first portion provided in the first zone and a second portion provided in the second zone,
a heat exchange circuit including a pump and a first zone heat exchanger provided in the first zone, and a second zone heat exchanger provided in the second zone, and
a partition separating the first portion from the second portion within the remote fan unit housing,
wherein the pump is configured to circulate a fan coil heat exchanger fluid from the first zone to the second zone via the heat exchange circuit;
wherein the first zone heat exchanger is configured to exchange heat between air in the first zone and the fan coil unit heat exchanger fluid passing through the first zone heat exchanger; and
wherein the second zone heat exchanger is configured to exchange heat between air in the second zone and the fan coil unit heat exchanger fluid passing through the second zone heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,365,026

REFRIGERATOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a body;
a door;
a storage compartment formed by the body and the door; and
an ice bucket provided in the storage compartment to store ice, the ice bucket comprising:
an ice bucket body comprising at least one outlet,
an ice discharge button movably coupled to the ice bucket body to open and close the at least one outlet and configured to be manually pushable in a first linear direction against an elastic force provided in a second direction opposite to the first linear direction,
wherein the ice bucket body further comprises:
an ice storage container which stores ice, and an ice discharge button accommodating recess which guides and accommodates the ice discharge button, and
wherein the at least one outlet is closed when the ice discharge button is in a depressed state and the ice discharge button is accommodated in the ice discharge button accommodating recess, and
the at least one outlet is opened when the ice discharge button is in a withdrawn state and the ice discharge button is withdrawn from the ice discharge button accommodating recess due to the elastic force.

US Pat. No. 10,365,025

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR OPERATING HVAC SYSTEMS IN LOW LOAD CONDITIONS

Lennox Industries, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising:a compressor operable to compress refrigerant;
a first valve positioned between and coupled to the compressor and a first coil;
a first expansion valve positioned between and coupled to the first coil and a second coil, wherein the second coil is further coupled to the compressor;
a second expansion valve positioned between and coupled to the first expansion valve and third coil;
a second valve positioned between and coupled to the compressor and the third coil;
a controller operable to, in response to receiving a cooling demand that is below a threshold cooling demand, induce an artificial cooling demand by:
operating the first valve to direct the refrigerant discharged from the compressor into only the first coil;
operating the first expansion valve to direct a first amount of the refrigerant from the first coil to the second coil and a second amount of the refrigerant from the first coil to the second expansion valve;
operating the second expansion valve to direct the second amount of the refrigerant to the third coil; and
operating the second valve to direct the second amount of refrigerant from the third coil to the compressor;
wherein the second coil is coupled to the compressor and the first amount of the refrigerant flows from the second coil back to the compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,365,024

REMOVAL DEVICE FOR A FLUID

INFICON GmbH, Cologne (D...

1. A removal device for removing a fluid from a refrigeration system, the removal device comprising:a cooling device, wherein a fluid flows through the cooling device, wherein the cooling device includes a pipeline assembly, wherein the pipeline assembly includes a plurality of straight pipeline elements arranged and connected to each other one after the other in a direction of fluid flow, such that the straight pipeline elements are sequentially passed by the fluid, wherein the straight pipeline elements are arranged in two different, mutually parallel planes, wherein the pipeline assembly has a plurality of cooling fins, wherein each of the plurality of cooling fins includes openings for the straight pipeline elements of a first plane of the two different, mutually parallel planes, the openings being arranged along a first straight line, and recesses for the straight pipeline elements of a second plane of the two different, mutually parallel planes, the recesses being arranged along a second straight line parallel to the first straight line, wherein each of the plurality of cooling fins includes one discrete piece that includes the openings and the recesses, wherein the openings encompass and contact the straight pipeline elements of the first plane in a heat conductive manner and the recesses do not contact the straight pipeline elements of the second plane in a heat conductive manner;
a fluid inlet arranged upstream from the straight pipeline elements, and a fluid outlet arranged downstream from the straight pipeline elements, wherein the two different, mutually parallel planes that are inclined relative to a vertical plane and relative to a horizontal plane in such a way that all fluid entering through the fluid inlet flows within the straight pipeline elements to the fluid outlet by gravity; and
a compressor arranged upstream from the cooling device, wherein the fluid flows through the compressor, wherein the compressor is connected to the fluid inlet such that compressed fluid flows from the compressor to the fluid inlet and enters the straight pipeline elements through the fluid inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,365,023

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM WITH INTEGRATED AIR CONDITIONING BY PARALLEL SOLENOID VALVES AND CHECK VALVE

Heatcraft Refrigeration P...

1. A system, comprising:a flash tank coupled to one or more refrigeration cases, the flash tank configured to house a first refrigerant;
one or more solenoid valves coupled to the flash tank, the one or more solenoid valves configured to reduce a pressure of the first refrigerant flowing from the flash tank to the first heat exchanger;
a first heat exchanger coupled to the one or more solenoid valves, the first heat exchanger configured to:
receive an amount of the first refrigerant from the one or more solenoid valves;
receive a second refrigerant, the second refrigerant associated with an air conditioning load;
provide cooling to the second refrigerant, using the first refrigerant; and
a check valve coupled to the flash tank, the check valve configured to reduce a pressure of the first refrigerant flowing from the flash tank away from the one or more solenoid valves;
a temperature probe coupled to a refrigerant line exiting the first heat exchanger, the temperature probe configured to determine the temperature of the first refrigerant in the refrigerant line exiting the first heat exchanger;
a controller coupled to the temperature probe and the one or more solenoid valves, the controller configured to:
determine a temperature of the first refrigerant in the refrigerant line exiting the heat exchanger;
based on the temperature of the first refrigerant in the refrigerant line exiting the heat exchanger, determine a number of the one or more solenoid valves to open; and
instruct the number of the one or more solenoid valves to open.

US Pat. No. 10,365,022

LIQUID LINE CHARGE COMPENSATOR

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

9. A method for reducing discharge pressure, the method comprising:fluidly coupling a single compensator line to a compensator reservoir and a liquid line, wherein the liquid line connects an outdoor heat exchanger and an indoor heat exchanger of a reversible heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, the single compensator line comprising a connection to the compensator reservoir and the liquid line;
disposing a second expansion device in the liquid line;
receiving, via the single compensator line, refrigerant driven by pressure from the liquid line; and
allowing, via the single compensator line, refrigerant to flow back into the liquid line.

US Pat. No. 10,365,021

COOLING APPARATUS AND COMPRESSOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A cooling apparatus comprising:an evaporator to evaporate a refrigerant received thereof, the refrigerant circulating inside the cooling apparatus includes at least one of R290, R600a, R123a, R1234vf, and R1234ze:
a rotary compressor having a displacement volume less than 3 cc and to compress the refrigerant received from the evaporator, the rotary compressor including:
a casing;
a first cylinder;
a second cylinder located between the first cylinder and a bottom of the casing;
a top plate arranged on a top of the first cylinder, and
a bottom plate arranged on a bottom of the second cylinder; and
a condenser to condense the refrigerant discharged from the rotary compressor; and
an expansion valve to expand the refrigerant discharged from the condenser,
wherein the second cylinder is combined with the casing through at least one spot weld and the top plate is combined with the casing through at least three separate spot welds, and
the refrigerant is flowed into the casing through a single suction tube and distributed into the first cylinder and the second cylinder.

US Pat. No. 10,365,020

HEAT PUMP

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA C...

1. A heat pump comprising:a vessel being an adsorption space including:
an adsorbate and a plurality of evaporator-condensers that are arranged separated by spacings in the adsorption space, that generate the adsorbate through exchanging heat with a first heating medium, and that condense the adsorbate through exchanging heat with a second heating medium;
a plurality of adsorbents that are alternately arranged with the evaporator-condensers in the adsorption space at separations from the evaporator-condensers, that adsorb the adsorbate generated by the evaporator-condensers through exchanging heat with a third heating medium, and that desorb the adsorbate through exchanging heat with a fourth heating medium that is at a higher temperature than the third heating medium;
a flow path that includes a first flow path configured to receive the first heating medium, a second flow path configured to receive the second heating medium, a third flow path configured to receive the third heating medium, and a fourth flow path configured to receive the fourth heating medium, such that the evaporator-condenser that generates the adsorbate and the adsorbent that adsorbs the adsorbate face each other, and the evaporator-condenser that condenses the adsorbate and the adsorbent that desorbs the adsorbate face each other; and
a switching device that includes a motor that is configured to sequentially switch from having an evaporator-condenser generate the adsorbate and an adsorbent adsorb the adsorbate, to having an evaporator-condenser condense the adsorbate and an adsorbent desorb the adsorbate, by causing the flow path to move relative to the adsorbents and the evaporator-condensers, such that the evaporator-condenser that generates the adsorbate and the adsorbent that adsorbs the adsorbate face each other, and the evaporator-condenser that condenses the adsorbate and the adsorbent that desorbs the adsorbate face each other,
wherein:
the evaporator-condensers and the adsorbents are alternately arranged in a continuous annular structure within the vessel so as to be separated by spacings; and
the switching device causes the flow path to rotate relative to the adsorbents and the evaporator-condensers about an axis of a center of a circle in which the evaporator-condensers and the adsorbents are arranged as viewed from the one direction.

US Pat. No. 10,365,019

MAGNETOCALORIC THERMAL APPARATUS

COOLTECH APPLICATIONS, H...

1. A magnetocaloric thermal apparatus (1, 10, 100, 110) with a structure that rotates about a longitudinal axis (L), the thermal apparatus (1, 10, 100, 110) comprising:a magnetic arrangement defining at least two air gaps (E1, E2) at least partly superimposed and parallel to each other, and configured to create, in each of the air gaps (E1, E2), a magnetic field variable about the longitudinal axis (L),
at least two at least partly superimposed supports (S1, S2) each being located in a midplane (P1, P2) of one of the air gaps (E1, E2) and carrying magnetocaloric elements (2) at least partly superimposed between the supports,
the magnetocaloric arrangement and the supports (S1, S2) being in relative movement with respect to one another, about the longitudinal axis (L), to subject the magnetocaloric elements (2) of each support (S1, S2) to a magnetic cycle created by the variable magnetic field in the corresponding air gap (E1, E2),
wherein the magnetic arrangement and the supports (S1, S2) are positioned angularly with respect to one another about the longitudinal axis (L) so as to generate a phase shift between the magnetic cycle undergone by the magnetocaloric elements (2) of one of the supports (S1) in one of the air gaps (E1) and the magnetic cycle undergone by the magnetocaloric elements of the other support (S2) in the other air gap (E2), so that the magnetocaloric elements (2) enter the magnetic field of the air gaps (E1, E2) progressively and continuously between the supports (S1, S2), and an obtained magnetic attraction effort then being almost constant,
the magnetic arrangement comprises first, second and third magnetizing structures (SM1, SM2, SM3) each provided with at least one pair of magnetic poles (P11, P12; P21, P22; P23, P24; P31, P32), and positioned successively along the longitudinal axis (L) of the thermal apparatus (1, 10) so as to define, with their pairs of magnetic poles (P11, P12; P21, P22; P23, P24; P31, P32), the air gaps (E1, E2), and the magnetizing structures (SM1, SM2, SM3) are positioned angularly with respect to each other about the longitudinal axis (L) in order to generate a magnetic cycle, in one of the air gaps (E1), that is shifted by a phase-shift angle with respect to the magnetic cycle in the other air gap (E2),
wherein the first and the third magnetizing structures (SM1, SM3) are identical and mounted with an angular offset of angle (?) therebetween that corresponds to the phase-shift angle, and
the second magnetizing structure (SM2) comprises, on the one hand, first magnetic poles (P21, P22) that form a first air gap (E1) with the corresponding magnetic poles (P11, P12) of the first magnetizing structure (SM1) and, on the other hand, second magnetic poles (P23, P24) that form a second air gap (E2) with the corresponding magnetic poles (P31, P32) of the third magnetizing structure (SM3), and the first magnetic poles (P21, P22) and the second magnetic poles (P23, P24) of the second magnetizing structure (SM2) are mounted with an angular offset of angle (?) therebetween that corresponds to the phase-shift angle.

US Pat. No. 10,365,017

SELF-ADJUSTING END CLAMP

Sunrun South LLC, San Lu...

1. A self adjusting end clamp, comprising:a top member with a lip;
a bottom member with a lip, a ridge, and a clip portion comprising an arm extending obliquely away from the lip of the bottom member and towards a plane occupied by the lip; and
a bolt extending through an aperture of the top member and an aperture of the bottom member, wherein the lip of the top member and the lip of the bottom member move toward each other when the bolt is tightened.

US Pat. No. 10,365,014

HEAT EXCHANGER AND COMBUSTION DEVICE

Rinnai Corporation, Nago...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a case body having an upper opening and a lower opening, in which combustion exhaust gas flows; and
a plurality of heat transfer fins arranged side by side between two facing side walls of the case body, wherein
each of the heat transfer fins has a heat-transfer-tube insertion hole through which a heat transfer tube is inserted, and a brazing material holding portion provided above the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole to hold a brazing material, wherein
two parts of an upper circumferential edge of the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole are cut out upward, when the heat transfer tube is inserted through the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole, left and right non-contact portions where a circumferential edge of the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole and an outer circumferential surface of the heat transfer tube are not in contact with each other are separately formed on an upper circumferential edge of the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole, and
when the heat transfer tube is inserted through the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole, left and right non-contact portions where a circumferential edge of the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole and an outer circumferential surface of the heat transfer tube are not in contact with each other are separately formed on the upper circumferential edge of the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole so as to form two separated spaces between the upper circumferential edge of the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole and the outer circumferential surface of the heat transfer tube in a circumferential direction of the heat-transfer-tube insertion hole by the two parts, and
a brazing material guiding portion extending from the brazing material holding portion toward the outer circumferential surface of the heat transfer tube is formed between the left and right non-contact portions.

US Pat. No. 10,365,012

FAUCET DEVICE FOR AIRCRAFT LAVATORY UNIT

The Yokohama Rubber Co., ...

1. A faucet device for an aircraft lavatory unit comprising:a faucet main body;
a water supply pipe;
a water supply channel that connects the water supply pipe and the faucet main body;
a water supply valve disposed in the water supply channel;
a heater for heating water supplied from the water supply channel; and
a controller for performing control of an opening and closing operation of the water supply valve and a heating operation of the heater, the faucet device for the aircraft lavatory unit further comprising:
a valve module and a heater module that are disposed in series in a section of the water supply channel,
the valve module including a first case, a first joint that is provided in a surface of the first case and is removably joined to the water supply channel as a first quick-release joint comprising one of an O-ring or a groove and configured to join to another one of the O-ring or the groove on the water supply channel, a second joint that is provided in the surface of the first case at a different location from that of the first joint, and the water supply valve that is integrated in the first case and connects the first joint and the second joint, and
the heater module including a second case, a third joint that is provided in a surface of the second case and is removably joined to the second joint as a second quick-release joint comprising one of an O-ring or a groove and configured to join to another one of the O-ring or the groove on the second joint, a fourth joint that is provided in the surface of the second case at a different location from that of the third joint and removably joined to the water supply channel as a third quick-release joint comprising one of an O-ring or a groove and configured to join to another one of the O-ring or the groove on the water supply channel, a water channel for heating that is integrated in the second case and connects the third joint and the fourth joint, and the heater that is integrated in the second case and heats water flowing in the water channel for heating,
the controller having a fifth joint for removably joining to the first case and a sixth joint for removably joining to the second case, the fifth and sixth joints each omitting a wiring member passing from the controller to the first and second cases, respectively, wherein
in a state that the valve module and the heater module are joined in series via the second joint and the third joint, a portion of the first case in which the second joint is provided and a portion of the second case in which the third joint is provided abut against each other,
the first case having screw holes and the second case having screw through holes at a first end and a second end opposing the first end of the second case,
the faucet device further comprises screw members configured to be inserted from the screw through holes at the first end of the second case through the screw through holes at the second end of the second case and screwed into the screw holes of the first case to fasten and hold the first case and the second case together in the state that the valve module and the heater module are joined, and
the valve module and the heater module are directly connected via the second and third joints.

US Pat. No. 10,365,011

OUTDOOR UNIT OF AIR CONDITIONER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An outdoor unit of an air conditioner, the outdoor unit comprising:an outdoor heat exchanger configured to exchange heat with outdoor air, wherein the outdoor heat exchanger comprises a pair of headers, each formed in a hollow tube shape, and a plurality of tubes arranged in parallel to each other between the pair of headers;
a housing configured to accommodate the outdoor heat exchanger;
a control box disposed on the housing and formed of a metal material, and
a current carrying path electrically connecting the control box to at least one of the pair of headers of the outdoor heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,365,009

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO DETECT HEATER MALFUNCTION AND PREVENT DRY BURNING

TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

1. An HVAC system, comprising:an evaporator; and
a heater configured to provide heat to the evaporator,
wherein the heater includes a circuit, the circuit is configured to prevent a dry burning condition, the circuit includes:
a heating element disposed inside a component of the evaporator;
a power supply including a high voltage power and a low voltage power; and
a voltage selector configured to select the high voltage power or the low voltage power to the heating element,
wherein the voltage selector is configured to select the high voltage power or the low voltage power based on a temperature of the heating element,
wherein when the temperature of the heating element exceeds a first predetermined threshold, the voltage selector selects the low voltage power,
wherein when the temperature of the heating element is below a second predetermined threshold, the voltage selector selects the high voltage power, and
wherein the first predetermined threshold is greater than the second predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,365,008

INDOOR UNIT FOR AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An indoor unit for an air-conditioning apparatus, comprising:a casing having
an air inlet located on a top face portion,
an air outlet extending from a bottom face portion to a lower front face portion, and
an airflow path that communicates the air inlet and the air outlet with each other;
an axial fan disposed within the airflow path under the air inlet;
an indoor heat exchanger disposed within the airflow path under the axial fan, the indoor heat exchanger having a W-shape in side view;
a forward drain pan disposed within the airflow path below a forward valley portion of the indoor heat exchanger; and
a rearward drain pan disposed within the airflow path below a rearward valley portion of the indoor heat exchanger,
wherein the airflow path is divided by the forward drain pan and the rearward drain pan into a first airflow path, a second airflow path, and a third airflow path, the first airflow path being defined between a front wall of the airflow path and the forward drain pan, the second airflow path being defined between the forward drain pan and the rearward drain pan, the third airflow path being defined between the rearward drain pan and a back wall of the airflow path,
wherein the indoor unit comprises an up/down airflow direction flap that adjusts an up/down angle of air blown out from the air outlet, the up/down airflow direction flap including a forward up/down airflow direction flap and a rearward up/down airflow direction flap that are disposed separately in a portion of the air outlet located on the bottom face portion of the casing and at least a front end portion of each of the forward up/down airflow direction flap and the rearward up/down airflow direction flap is swingable in an up/down direction,
wherein the rearward up/down airflow direction flap is disposed under the second airflow path and the third airflow path such that in side view, the front end portion of the rearward up/down airflow direction flap is located at a same position as a front end portion of the second airflow path or located forward of the second airflow path, and
wherein the forward up/down airflow direction flap is disposed such that in side view, the forward up/down airflow direction flap is located forward of the rearward up/down airflow direction flap and under the first airflow path.

US Pat. No. 10,365,007

CEILING-EMBEDDED AIR CONDITIONER

FUJITSU GENERAL LIMITED, ...

1. A ceiling-embedded air conditioner comprising:a box-shaped housing that is embedded in a ceiling of an air-conditioned room and has a blowing fan and a heat exchanger;
a square decorative panel that is attached to a lower surface of the housing and covers the ceiling;
a square suction grill at a center of the decorative panel;
main body outlets that are provided along respective four sides of a bottom surface of the housing and blow heat-exchanged air;
outlets that are provided in the decorative panel along respective four sides of the decorative panel so as to correspond to the main body outlets;
coupling portions that couple adjacent outlets at corners of the decorative panel;
a blowoff path that is provided around at least a portion of a circumference of the suction grill in the decorative panel so as to correspond to the outlets and the coupling portions; and
wind direction plates that are rotatably provided along the respective four sides of the decorative panel so as to cover or open the blowoff path and are longer than a long side of the outlets, the wind direction plates having gaps between adjacent wind direction plates;
wherein the wind direction plates cover at least a portion of the blowoff path,
each of the wind direction plates comprises a first side edge, a second side edge, and two third side parts,
the second side edge is opposed to the first side edge, the first side edge being closer to the suction grill than the second side edge is,
the second side edge comprises a straight portion corresponding to each of the outlets and inclined portions that are inclined from both ends of the straight portion toward adjacent wind direction plates,
the two third side parts are positioned at ends of the first side edge, each of the two third side parts being inclined toward adjacent wind direction plates,
the decorative panel comprises an outer frame portion and an inner frame portion, which constitute the blowoff path, and
the outer frame portion comprises first straight portions and second straight portions, each of the first straight portions being parallel to the straight portion of the second side edge of the wind direction plates, each of the second straight portions being parallel to adjacent inclined portions of the wind direction plates.

US Pat. No. 10,365,005

STAINLESS STEEL FOIL LAMINATED PLASTIC HVAC DUCT AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

1. An HVAC duct comprising:a channel configured for conveying forced air, and
a duct wall forming the channel, the duct wall having an outer surface and an inner surface,
wherein the duct wall includes a first plastic layer disposed between a thermally insulating layer and a first metal foil or metal alloy foil layer,wherein the first metal foil or metal alloy foil layer forms the outer surface of the duct wall, and further wherein the thermally insulating layer forms the inner surface of the duct wall, the inner surface defining a continuous boundary about the channel.

US Pat. No. 10,365,004

CONTROL METHOD AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A control method through which a communication device provided with a display controls an air-blowing apparatus, the communication device including a memory that stores installation position information indicating a horizontal position of the air-blowing apparatus in a room in which the air-blowing apparatus is installed and a vertical position of the air-blowing apparatus with respect to a floor of the room, the control method comprising:displaying an operation screen on the display, the operation screen simultaneously displaying a plan view of the room in which a user can input a horizontal air-blowing position, indicating a horizontal position to which air is blown from the air-blowing apparatus, and a profile view of the room in which the user can input a vertical air-blowing position, indicating a vertical position to which air is blown from the air-blowing apparatus;
detecting the horizontal air-blowing position and the vertical air-blowing position, based on an input of the horizontal air-blowing position by the user through the plan view of the room in the operation screen displayed on the display, and an input of the vertical air-blowing position by the user through the profile view of the room in the operation screen displayed on the display;
determining an airflow direction of the air-blowing apparatus based on the detected horizontal air-blowing position, the detected vertical air-blowing position, and the stored installation position information;
generating a control command that specifies the determined airflow direction based on both the detected horizontal air-blowing position and the detected vertical air-blowing position; and
transmitting the generated control command to the air-blowing apparatus to control movement of a component of the air-blowing apparatus to change the vertical and horizontal air-blowing positions based on the control command,
wherein an in-plane instruction icon that indicates the detected horizontal air-blowing position is displayed in the plan view, and a height-instruction icon that indicates the detected vertical air-blowing position is displayed in the profile view, and
in the generating, when the height-instruction icon displayed in the profile view is dragged into the plan view, and is dropped within a predetermined range with respect to the detected horizontal air-blowing position, the detected horizontal air-blowing position is associated with the detected vertical air-blowing position to determine a three-dimensional position to which air is blown from the air-blowing apparatus, and the control command is generated based on the detected horizontal air-blowing position and the detected vertical air-blowing position associated with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,365,003

AUTOMATIC DISPLACEMENT VENTILATION SYSTEM WITH HEATING MODE

Oy Halton Group Ltd., He...

1. A ventilation system for an occupied space, comprising:at least one supply register with a displacement-type diffuser providing a plurality of uniform openings that maintain a uniform flow of ventilation air at a non-mixing flow rate that promotes stratification of air in said occupied space;
at least one first exclusive return register positioned closer to a ceiling than a floor of said occupied space and configured to withdraw air from said occupied space;
at least one second exclusive return register positioned closer to the floor than the ceiling and configured to withdraw air from said occupied space; and
a central control system including a controller with at least a heating mode and a cooling mode, configured to control flow of heated or cooled air to said at least one supply register and selectively to control flow of air into said at least one first exclusive return register and said at least one second exclusive return register in response to a mode of the controller, wherein
during the cooling mode, the central control system causes cooled air to flow through said at least one supply register at the non-mixing flow rate, and causes air to be withdrawn from the occupied space only through said at least one first exclusive return register at a level proximate the ceiling, and
during the heating mode, the central control system causes warm air to flow through said at least one supply register at the non-mixing flow rate, and causes air to be withdrawn from the occupied space only through said at least one second exclusive return register.

US Pat. No. 10,365,002

REMOTE CONTROLLER OF AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A remote controller of an air-conditioning system including an outdoor device, and an indoor device connected to the outdoor device, the remote controller comprising:a microcomputer; and
a memory, wherein
the memory that has stored therein, for each operation mode of the air-conditioning system, a plurality of operation-state diagnosing tables each corresponding to a different amount of operation time, each of the operation-state diagnosing tables are used for extracting necessary inspection items from an operation state in maintenance and inspection of the air-conditioning system,
the microcomputer is configured to
perform bidirectional wired or wireless communication with the indoor device to collect operation information including an operation time of the air-conditioning system;
select and use an appropriate one of the operation-state diagnosing tables according to an operation mode of the air-conditioning system and the operation time of the air-conditioning system, wherein
at least one of the operation-state diagnosing tables indicates an area therein corresponding to a normal operation range of the air-conditioning system,
the microcomputer is further configured to receive a correction to the area corresponding to the normal operation range and store the corrected at least one of the operation-state diagnosing tables.

US Pat. No. 10,365,001

HVAC SYSTEM WITH MULTIVARIABLE OPTIMIZATION USING A PLURALITY OF SINGLE-VARIABLE EXTREMUM-SEEKING CONTROLLERS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A heating, ventilation, or air conditioning (HVAC) system for a building, the HVAC system comprising:a plant comprising HVAC equipment operable to affect an environmental condition in the building;
a first single-variable extremum-seeking controller (ESC) configured to perturb a first manipulated variable with a first stochastic excitation signal and provide the first manipulated variable as a first perturbed input to the plant; and
a second single-variable ESC configured to perturb a second manipulated variable with a second stochastic excitation signal and provide the second manipulated variable as a second perturbed input to the plant, wherein the first stochastic excitation signal and the second stochastic excitation signal are generated independently of each other without requiring coordination between the first single-variable ESC and the second single-variable ESC;
wherein the plant uses both perturbed inputs to concurrently affect a performance variable and both of the single-variable ESCs are configured to receive the same performance variable as a feedback from the plant;
wherein the first single-variable ESC is configured to estimate a first gradient of the performance variable with respect to the first manipulated variable, and the second single-variable ESC is configured to estimate a second gradient of the performance variable with respect to the second manipulated variable;
wherein the single-variable ESCs are configured to independently drive the first and second gradients toward zero by independently modulating the first and second manipulated variables;
wherein the plant uses first and second manipulated variables to operate the HVAC equipment of the plant to affect the environmental condition in the building.

US Pat. No. 10,365,000

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND AIR CONDITIONING MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. An air conditioning system comprising:air conditioners having at least one installed function of multiple functions;
a mobile terminal carried by a user of the air conditioners, and having an air conditioning management program configured to manage the air conditioners; and
information intermediation devices configured to carry out exchange of information between the air conditioners and the mobile terminal using a communications network,
the air conditioners storing installed function information relating to the functions installed in the air conditioners, and
the air conditioning management program of the mobile terminal
reading out the installed function information via the information intermediation devices, and
generating, in accordance with the installed function information, an air conditioner management screen image displayed on a display of the mobile terminal,
the information intermediation devices having intermediate devices connected to the air conditioners, and a server device connected to the mobile terminal and to the intermediate devices through the communications network,
the intermediate devices sending the air conditioner information, including the installed function information, to the server device,
when there has been a request from the mobile terminal, the server device sending the air conditioner information to the mobile terminal,
the air conditioning management program of the mobile terminal having a control function configured to send an air-conditioner-controlling control command to at least one of the server device and the intermediate devices,
the server device receiving the control command from the mobile terminal, and once the intermediate devices are connected, sending the control command to the intermediate devices, and
the intermediate devices, upon receiving the control command from the mobile terminal or the server device, sending the control command to the air conditioners and control the air conditioners.

US Pat. No. 10,364,999

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS USING ACCELEROMETERS

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A method of monitoring component health of a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, the method comprising:measuring, by an accelerometer associated with at least one component of the HVAC system, vibration of the at least one component;
receiving, by a controller, actual vibration data reflective of the measured vibration;
determining, using the controller, whether a new frequency is detected between the actual vibration data and pre-defined acceptable baseline vibration data;
responsive to a positive determination, forwarding, by the controller, information regarding the determination to a monitoring device; and
the new frequency indicates that the at least one component is not operating properly.

US Pat. No. 10,364,997

CONTROL SYSTEM WITH MAXIMUM TIME CONSTANT ESTIMATION

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A controller for a plant, the controller comprising:a communications interface configured to provide a control input to the plant and to receive feedback from the plant, the feedback representative of a response of the plant to the control input over a response period;
a time constant estimator configured to:
calculate a plurality of values of a normalized variable by normalizing a plurality of values of the feedback from the plant relative to a range of the feedback from the plant, each value of the normalized variable representative of the response of the plant at a different time during the response period;
calculate a plurality of time constant estimates, wherein each of the time constant estimates is calculated based on one of the plurality of values of the normalized variable and represents the response of the plant to the control input at one of the different times during the response period; and
select a maximum time constant for the response of the plant over the response period from the plurality of time constant estimates; and
a control input generator configured to use the maximum time constant to generate the control input for the plant, wherein the plant uses the control input to affect a variable state or condition of the plant.

US Pat. No. 10,364,996

GROUP DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENT CONTROL

CARRIER CORPORATION, Far...

1. A method of conditioning an environment, comprising:generating, by a group feedback analysis system, a first comfort limit based on a first plurality of data points corresponding to user feedback of a group of users in an environment conditioned by an environmental conditioning system to identify the first comfort limit at a first extreme of at least one environmental criterion;
generating, by the group feedback analysis system, a second comfort limit based on a second plurality of data points corresponding to user feedback of the group of users in the environment conditioned by the environmental conditioning system to identify the second comfort limit at a second extreme of the at least one environmental criterion, the second extreme being opposite the first extreme;
identifying, by the group feedback analysis system, a comfort region defined by the first comfort limit and the second comfort limit;
assigning a weight to each user input making up the user feedback of the group of users, wherein the weight is assigned based on a number of complaints, defined as user feedback inputs indicating discomfort, generated by a user; and
controlling the environmental conditioning system to maintain at least one environmental criterion within the comfort region;
wherein generating the first comfort limit comprises analyzing the first plurality of data points to identify outliers, and forming the first comfort and second comfort limit to exclude the outliers;
wherein identifying outliers comprises determining a time at which the user feedback was received and identifying the outlier in response to at least one of (i) the time at which the user feedback was received and (ii) the proximity in time between a first user feedback and a second user feedback from a single user.

US Pat. No. 10,364,994

AIR HUMIDIFICATION AND/OR PURIFICATION

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. An apparatus for humidifying and/or purifying air, the apparatus comprising:a rotary filter,
a fan for passing air through the rotary filter, and
a reservoir,
wherein the settings of the fan and the rotation speed of the rotary filter are controlled by feedback from a humidity sensor,
wherein:
settings of the fan and the rotation speed of the rotary filter are further controlled by feedback from a gaseous pollutant sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,364,993

COMPOSITE STORAGE TANK MODULE AND ARRANGEMENT

1. A composite storage tank module comprising at least one hollow section adapted to house a medium, wherein the storage tank module is an elongated self-supporting structure produced from a composite material constituted of at least a first and second material, wherein the first material is a polymer and the second material is wood fibers in the form of wood shavings having a coefficient of elasticity which when arranged in the composite storage tank module is equal to the coefficient of elasticity of the polymer, and the composite storage tank module is adapted to be embedded in a building structure.

US Pat. No. 10,364,992

VENTLESS OVEN HOOD FOR COMBINATION OVEN PROVIDING RAPID ACCESS

Alto-Shaam, Inc., Menomo...

1. An oven comprising:a housing providing a first opening coverable by a door, the door closing to define an interior cooking volume and opening to provide access to the cooking volume;
a heater communicating with the cooking volume to heat the cooking volume;
a steam generator generating steam from a source of introduced water from a water line;
a filter system providing filter medium removing grease and odor from air flowing therethrough and a filtration fan downstream from the filter medium for moving air through the filter medium;
an exhaust channel communicating from the cooking volume to the filter system through a second opening in the housing;
a first electrically controlled damper positioned between the cooking volume and the filter system and electrically controlled by a controller to move between a closed state preventing movement of air from the cooking volume through the exhaust channel to the filter system and an open state allowing movement of air from the cooking volume through the exhaust channel to the filter system; and
the controller comprising an electronic computer executing a program stored in memory to control the heater, steam generator, damper, and filtration fan in accordance with a predetermined cooking schedule to:
(a) during a first cooking mode, activate the heater and steam generator, position the damper in the closed state, and deactivate the filtration fan to allow for steam cooking in a closed system oven, and beginning at a predetermined time based on the cooking schedule before a conclusion of the cooking schedule, position the damper in the open state and activate the filtration fan to allow for fast movement of air from the cooking volume before opening of the door; and
(b) during a second cooking mode, activate the heater, deactivate the steam generator, position the damper in the open state, and deactivate the filtration fan to allow for low humidity cooking in an open system oven, and beginning at a predetermined time based on the cooking schedule before a conclusion of the cooking schedule, keep the damper in the open state and activate the filtration fan to allow for fast movement of air from the cooking volume before opening of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,364,991

OVEN

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

12. An oven comprising:a main body;
a cooking chamber formed in the main body and including a cooking space;
a partition member to divide the cooking space into a plurality of individual cooking spaces;
a main door rotatably coupled to the main body so as to open and close an opened front surface of the cooking space, the main door including:
a plurality of main door openings respectively corresponding to the plurality of individual cooking spaces; and
a plurality of individual doors rotatably coupled to the main door so as to respectively open and close the plurality of main door openings, the plurality of individual doors including a first individual door;
a first locking member to lock the first individual door to the main door; and
a first handle to open or close the main door or to open or close the first individual door, the first handle including an opening member to unlock the first locking member so that when the opening member is pressed, only the first individual door is openable while the main door remained closed, and when the opening member is unpressed, the first locking member remained locked so that the first individual door is not openable but the main door is openable,
wherein when the main door is opened, each of the plurality of individual cooking spaces corresponding to the plurality of main door openings is accessible, and
wherein when the main door is closed, the plurality of individual doors is individually open and close with respect to the main door so that the plurality of individual cooking spaces corresponding to the plurality of individual doors is individually accessible.

US Pat. No. 10,364,986

EXCESS GAS COMBUSTION IN HEAVY OIL PRODUCTION

REM Technology Inc., Cal...

1. A system for vent gas combustion in storage tank for heavy oil production, the system comprising:a pressure sensor for determining a gas pressure value of well casing gas;
a first auxiliary burner located for combusting the well casing gas;
a second auxiliary burner located with the first auxiliary burner for combusting the well casing gas; and
a burner management system for controlling the first and second auxiliary burners, the burner management system receiving the gas pressure value and initiating the first auxiliary burner and second auxiliary burner based upon one or more threshold values when the gas pressure exceeds the one or more pressure values;
wherein an auxiliary exhaust stack is coupled to a tank heater exhaust stack from a tank heater in the storage tank for heating oil stored in the storage tank wherein the tank heater exhaust stack and auxiliary exhaust stack join a main exhaust stack having a larger diameter than the auxiliary exhaust or tank heater exhaust.

US Pat. No. 10,364,984

BURNER SYSTEM INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE COANDA SURFACE AND ELECTRODYNAMIC CONTROL SYSTEM, AND RELATED METHODS

CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORP...

1. A burner system, comprising:at least two electrodes;
at least one integrated Coanda body including an inner Coanda surface and an outer Coanda surface, wherein at least one of the at least two electrodes at least partially defines at least one of the inner Coanda surface or the outer Coanda surface;
at least one nozzle positioned and configured to emit a fuel flow at least proximate to the inner Coanda surface and the outer Coanda surface;
a charger configured to inject charge into the fuel flow prior to the fuel flow flowing at least proximate to the inner Coanda surface and the outer Coanda surface, the charger including at least one sharpened protrusion; and
a voltage source operably coupled to the at least two electrodes, the voltage source configured to bias the at least two electrodes to generate an electric field at least proximate to the inner Coanda surface and the outer Coanda surface that influences a location of the fuel flow and/or a flame relative to the inner Coanda surface and the outer Coanda surface, wherein the at least one of the at least two electrodes at least partially defines at least one of the inner Coanda surface or the outer Coanda surface includes a metallic plate disposed on a corresponding one of the inner Coanda surface or outer Coanda surface.

US Pat. No. 10,364,983

BURNER FLAME CONTROL

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method of controlling a burner flame exiting a burner nozzle, comprising:providing a fluid to a fluid nozzle positioned in proximity to the burner nozzle;
creating a spray of the fluid from the fluid nozzle, the spray generating a first air flow around the spray of the fluid;
using the first air flow to counteract at least a portion of a second air flow;
providing the fluid to a second fluid nozzle adjacent to the burner nozzle; creating a second spray of the fluid from the second fluid nozzle, the second spray generating a third air flow around the second spray of the fluid; and using the third air flow to counteract at least a portion of one of the second air flow and a fourth air flow.

US Pat. No. 10,364,982

METHOD FOR RECONDITIONING FUEL NOZZLE ASSEMBLIES

ANSALDO ENERGIA SWITZERLA...

1. A method for reconditioning fuel nozzle assemblies, the method comprising:providing a fuel nozzle assembly comprising:
a base; and
a body extending from the base to a fuel nozzle tip, the body comprising an inner channel defined at least partially by an inner channel wall and an outer channel defined at least partially by an outer channel wall, the inner channel wall and the outer channel wall each brazed to the base,
wherein the fuel nozzle tip comprises an end cover that is brazed to the inner channel wall and coupled to the outer channel wall;
decoupling at least a portion of the fuel nozzle tip from the inner channel wall and the outer channel wall;
removing material from the base to provide an access opening to the inner channel through the base;
decoupling at least a portion of the inner channel wall from the base via the access opening;
removing the decoupled portion of the inner channel wall from the body;
providing a replacement inner channel wall that is welded to a replacement fuel nozzle tip;
welding the replacement inner channel wall to the base through the access opening;
sealing the access opening after welding the replacement inner channel wall to the base; and
coupling the replacement fuel nozzle tip to the outer channel wall.

US Pat. No. 10,364,980

CONTROL OF COMBUSTION REACTION PHYSICAL EXTENT

CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORP...

1. A system comprising:a fuel nozzle configured to output fuel for a combustion reaction;
a first electrode positioned adjacent the fuel nozzle;
a second electrode positioned adjacent the first electrode;
a control circuit configured to apply a first voltage signal to the first electrode and a second voltage signal to the second electrode; and
a sensor positioned adjacent the fuel nozzle and configured to sense a length of the combustion reaction and to output a sensor signal indicative of the length, wherein the control circuit is configured to receive the sensor signal from the sensor and to apply, based on the sensor signal, the first voltage signal to the first electrode and the second voltage signal to the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,364,979

BOILER FEED TANK ENERGY RECOVERY SYSTEM

Daniel Steam, Inc., Torr...

1. A boiler system comprising:a closed vessel for heating liquid under pressure to create a first steam, said closed vessel connected to a steam utilizing device;
said steam utilizing device configured to utilize said first steam and emit a second steam and condensate;
a feed water tank connected to said steam utilizing device, said feed water tank capable of receiving said second steam and condensate from said steam utilizing device;
said feed water tank further comprising:
a first heat exchanger located within a low pressure steam portion of said feed water tank;
said first heat exchanger having a conduit with a first inlet coupled to a make-up water source and a first outlet located in said low pressure steam portion of said feed water tank;
wherein said first heat exchanger is capable of allowing heat from steam within said low pressure steam portion of said feed water tank to be recovered and applied to make-up water entering said feed water tank from said make-up water source via the first heat exchanger;
a second heat exchanger;
said second heat exchanger having a second inlet connected to said steam utilizing device such that said second heat exchanger receives said condensate and second steam from said steam utilizing device;
said second heat exchanger having a second outlet to said feed water tank in said low pressure steam portion such that said second steam and condensate from said steam utilizing device is returned to said feed water tank;
wherein said second heat exchanger is capable of applying heat from said second steam and condensate to heat feed water in said feed water tank that is waiting to be cycled back into said closed vessel; and
wherein said feed water tank is connected to a first feed water pump for pumping said condensate as feed water back into said closed vessel.

US Pat. No. 10,364,977

ELECTRICAL OUTLET COVER WITH INTEGRATED LIGHTING

1. An outlet cover comprising:a faceplate and a backplate;
at least one arm having an electrical conductor extending from the backplate;
a sensor for detecting an ambient light condition;
a light source attached to the outlet cover;
a control circuit having at least two operational modes and coupled to the light source; and
a switch coupled to the control circuit for shifting between the at least two operational modes, including a nightlight mode and an emergency lighting mode wherein the light source only operates when the sensor detects ambient light below a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,364,974

FLAT PANEL LIGHTING DEVICE AND DRIVING CIRCUITRY

Unity Opto Technology Co....

1. A light fixture comprising:a frame having a thickness of no more than about 1.0 inches and including a first portion of the frame and a second portion of the frame, wherein the first portion of the frame defines a first channel between a first edge of an optically transmissive panel and a first outer edge of the frame;
a substantially flat light emitting diode (LED) panel disposed within the frame, wherein the substantially flat LED panel includes an LED strip and the optically transmissive panel, and the optically transmissive panel is configured to distribute light received at a light-input edge of the optically transmissive panel from the LED strip, the LED strip comprising a plurality of LEDs mounted to the second portion of the frame adjacent the light-input edge of the optically transmissive panel; and
an LED driver housed entirely within the first channel adjacent the first outer edge of the frame, wherein the LED driver is supported by the first portion of the frame and is configured to receive an AC input from an external AC power supply and to provide a DC output to the LED strip, wherein the LED driver includes a PCB-mounted transformer.

US Pat. No. 10,364,973

LIGHT EFFECT MATERIAL WITH METALIZED LAYER

1. An article of manufacture, comprising:an electronic assembly, comprising a battery which powers one or more light emitting diodes (“LEDs”) and electronics;
a watertight package, said watertight package comprising a first member which is sealed to a second member so as to form a cavity between the first member and the second member which holds the electronic assembly;
a light effect material having an inner surface and an outer surface with a plurality of dispersive elements, said light effect material being configured so that light emitted from the one or more LEDs is dispersed by the plurality of dispersive elements so as to create a light material viewing effect; and
a metalized layer configured in the first viewing path between the outer surface and the viewer;
wherein the article of manufacture is configured with a transparent space created between the light effect material and the one or more LEDs;
wherein the light material viewing effect is created for a viewer viewing light emitted from a given LED through a first viewing path that begins with the given LED, then goes through the transparent space, then goes through the inner surface, then goes through the outer surface, then goes to the viewer;
wherein a non-light material viewing effect is created for the viewer viewing light emitted from the given LED through a second viewing path in which the light effect material has been removed and the second viewing path begins with the given LED, then goes through the transparent space, then goes to the viewer; and
wherein the viewer perceives the light material viewing effect to extend over a wider area than the non-light material viewing effect when the first viewing path and the second viewing path have an identical preselected distance.

US Pat. No. 10,364,972

LANDSCAPE LIGHTING JUNCTION HUB

Volt, LLC, Tampa, FL (US...

1. An outdoor landscape lighting junction hub, said junction hub comprising:a fixture body having a top portion and a bottom portion removably connectable together to define an interior;
a connector device for operably coupling a mounting structure to the fixture body, the connector device being in the form of a depending boss defining exterior threads thereon and integrally extending from the bottom portion of the fixture body;
a terminal block disposed in the interior of the fixture body for facilitating the connection of a power source to at least two lighting fixtures; and
wherein the bottom portion of the fixture body defines a plurality of openings for receiving wires of the power source or the at least two lighting fixtures.

US Pat. No. 10,364,971

LIGHT SYSTEM

1. A light system comprising one or more pillar lights, each pillar light comprising:a. a cylindrical, heat-moldable housing, wherein the housing is shapeable from an initial shape to a modified shape using heat treatment, wherein, upon cooling, the housing retains the modified shape;
b. an end cap having a first end in communication with a first end of the housing;
c. a pair of inbound electrical leads for receiving electrical transmissions, wherein a proximal end of each of the inbound leads passes into the end cap through a distal end of the end cap, and wherein a distal end of each of the inbound leads is coupled to a first electrical connector disposed outside of the pillar light;
d. a pair of outbound electrical leads for dispatching electrical transmissions, wherein a proximal end of each of the outbound leads passes into the end cap through the distal end of the end cap, and wherein a distal end of each of the outbound leads is coupled to a second electrical connector disposed outside of the pillar light;
e. a light source including a plurality of linearly-aligned lights disposed within the housing, wherein the light source is in electrical communication with the proximal end of each of the inbound electrical leads and the outbound electrical leads;
f. one or more filter layers configured to control transmission of light from the light source through the housing;
g. a lens disposed within the housing, wherein a refractive index of the lens is different than a refractive index of the housing;
h. a reflective member disposed within the housing, wherein the lens and the reflective member direct light emitted from the light source in a specific direction; and
i. a plurality of attachment members, each attachment member comprising:
i. a buckle; and
ii. an adjustable length of material.

US Pat. No. 10,364,969

LIGHTING FIXTURE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

17. A lighting fixture for a lamp, the lighting fixture comprising:a fixture body including an elongated shape, a first end, a second end, a first through-hole at the first end for receiving a body mount, and a second through-hole at the second end for receiving a lamp;
a light source accommodated in the fixture body and configured to emit laser light;
a power supply accommodated in the fixture body and electrically connected to the light source; and
a light guide accommodated in the fixture body and including an entrance end and an exit end, the entrance end being optically connected to the light source, the exit end extending through the second through-hole, the light guide configured to guide the laser light from the light source through the second through-hole and to the exit end,
wherein the laser light is blue light or violet light, the blue light having a wavelength of 420 nm or more and 500 nm or less, the violet light having a wavelength of 380 nm or more and less than 420 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,364,968

EXTERNALLY ACTUATED JOINER ASSEMBLY FOR CONNECTING ADJACENT STRUCTURES

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A joiner assembly for joining a first structure and a second structure, the joiner assembly comprising:a hook element having an opening defined in at least one side portion of the hook element;
a translational element passing through the opening of the hook element, the translation element defining an opening; and
an actuator received into the opening defined by the translational element, the actuator operably connected to the translational element such that rotational movement of the actuator causes the translational element to rotate the hook element from a first position to a second position.

US Pat. No. 10,364,967

DISPLAY DEVICE

InnoLux Corporation, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a substrate, having a top surface facing an object, wherein the top surface comprises a first local surface and a second local surface, the first local surface has a first normal direction, the object and a center of the first local surface form a first line, an included angle between the first line and a first extended line starting from the center of the first local surface and paralleling the first normal direction defines as a first included angle, and wherein the second local surface has a second normal direction, the object and a center of the second local surface form a second line, an included angle between the second line and a second extended line starting from the center of the second local surface and paralleling the second normal direction defines as a second included angle;
a plurality of first light-emitting units, disposed on the first local surface;
a first driving unit, electrically connected to the first light-emitting units, and the first driving unit providing a first current to each first light-emitting unit;
a plurality of second light-emitting units, disposed on the second local surface; and
a second driving unit, electrically connected to the second light-emitting units, and the second driving unit providing a second current to each second light-emitting unit, wherein the first included angle is less than the second included angle, and the first current is less than the second current.

US Pat. No. 10,364,966

LAMP INCLUDING A MICRO-LED ARRAY FOR VEHICLE AND VEHICLE HAVING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A lamp for a vehicle, comprising:a light generation unit;
a bracket; and
a lens configured to change an optical path of light generated by the light generation unit,
wherein the light generation unit comprises a light array including a plurality of micro Light Emitting Diode (LED) chips, and
wherein the light array includes a bent portion that covers at least a part of the bracket, and
wherein the light array comprises a plurality of portions to cover the at least a part of the bracket, the plurality of portions of the light array including:
a first flat portion that extends in a first direction, and
a first bent portion that extends from the first flat portion in a second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,364,963

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a solid-state light-emitting element that radiates laser light; and
a wavelength converter that includes a plurality of different types of phosphors which receive the laser light and radiate light,
wherein the plurality of different types of phosphors included in the wavelength converter are each substantially composed of Ce3+-activated phosphors, and include at least a warm-color Ce3+-activated phosphor that receives the laser light and radiates light having a light emission peak within a wavelength range of 580 nm or more to less than 660 nm, and
light-emitting components radiated by the phosphors are composed of only light-emitting components derived from Ce3+.

US Pat. No. 10,364,961

ILLUMINATION DEVICE FOR A VEHICLE

1. An illumination device for a vehicle, comprising:a longitudinal axis;
a housing extending in the direction of the longitudinal axis;
a light source assembly being mounted to or within the housing and including at least one light source, wherein the light source assembly includes a circuit board, a first light emitting diode (LED) connected to the circuit board, and a second light emitting diode (LED) connected to the circuit board; and
a primary lens extending in the direction of the longitudinal axis, being mounted to or within the housing, and including an optical side having a plurality of optical features, the optical features including a first optical segment and a second optical segment, wherein the primary lens includes an inner side and an outer side, the inner side being closer to the light source assembly than the outer side, and wherein the outer side is the optical side;
the first optical segment of the primary lens is located in a first axial region of the illumination device and includes a first plurality of optical wedges, the first plurality of optical wedges are located on the optical side of the primary lens and have a first plurality of wedge angles; and
the second optical segment of the primary lens is located in a second axial region of the illumination device and includes a second plurality of optical wedges, the second plurality of optical wedges are located on the optical side of the primary lens and have a second plurality of wedge angles,
wherein at least some of the first plurality of wedge angles in the first optical segment are the same as at least some of the second plurality of wedge angles in the second optical segment,
wherein the first LED is located in the first axial region of the illumination device and emits light that strikes the inner side at the first optical segment and the second LED is located in the second axial region of the illumination device and emits light that strikes the inner side at the second optical segment.

US Pat. No. 10,364,960

LOW PROFILE LED LUMINAIRE WITH LOW BRIGHT TO DARK RATIO

CORDELIA LIGHTING, INC., ...

1. A luminaire comprising:a polygonal shaped housing having a front wall and a back wall disposed opposite each other, and a plurality of side walls;
an LED light source disposed on the back wall and emitting visible light at least than 50 lumens, with a Full Width Half Max beam angle ?>100°;
a diffuser disposed at the housing front, the diffuser able to transmit at least 80% of the light entering the diffuser to achieve a substantially uniform illumination output when the LED light source is illuminated;
wherein the housing is dimensioned such that X:Y=1:7 when Z<1.5 inches, where X is the minimum distance between the LED light source and the diffuser, Y is the maximum distance between a center of the LED light source and an edge of the back wall measured along a plane parallel to the back wall, and Z is a distance between an edge of the back wall and a front edge of a side wall measured along a plane parallel to the back wall.

US Pat. No. 10,364,953

SOLAR-POWERED LANTERN WITH SIMULATED EDISON BULB

1. A solar-powered lantern, comprising:a housing having an upper edge defining an upper surface, a lower edge defining a lower surface, and a sidewall between the upper and lower edges;
wherein the lower edge of the housing transitions into a shade portion extending downwardly and outwardly from the sidewall of the housing;
a light bulb extending downwardly from the lower surface of the housing;
a cage extending downwardly from the housing and surrounding the light bulb;
a hanger having two ends coupled to opposing regions on the sidewall of the housing;
a solar panel disposed on the upper surface of the housing;
a rechargeable battery disposed in the housing, and wherein the rechargeable battery is recharged with electrical energy generated by the solar panel;
wherein the light bulb is a simulated Edison bulb including an outer transparent shell encapsulating an elongated simulated filament defined by a plurality of LEDs powered by the rechargeable battery; and
wherein the solar-powered lantern is entirely self-contained and portable, utilizing no power source other than the rechargeable battery for powering the LEDs in the simulated Edison bulb.

US Pat. No. 10,364,950

BARRIER GATE ARM WITH RECESSED LIGHT HOUSING

1. A vehicle barrier gate system comprising;an elongate gate arm defined by an exterior wall and having a length;
an opening in the exterior wall, the opening extending along the length of the gate arm and defined by an upper terminating end and a lower terminating end of the exterior wall;
an elongate channel extending along the length of the gate arm and defined by a planar upper channel wall extending inwardly from the upper terminating end of the exterior wall to a backwall and a planar lower channel wall extending inwardly from the lower terminating end of the exterior wall to the backwall, wherein the planar upper channel wall and the planar lower channel wall are parallel;
only a single recessed upper retaining fin extending perpendicularly from the planar upper channel wall into the channel, the recessed upper retaining fin being located between the upper terminating end and the backwall;
only a single recessed lower retaining fin extending perpendicularly from the planar lower channel wall into the channel, coplanar with and opposite to the upper retaining fin;
a visor channel defined by the upper and lower planar channel walls and extending from the upper and lower retaining fins to the terminating ends of the exterior wall;
a recessed light strip housing defined a region of the elongate channel between the backwall, the upper channel wall, the lower channel wall and the upper and lower retaining fins;
an aperture in the light housing between the coplanar upper and lower retaining fins;
wherein the upper retaining fin and the upper channel wall meet at a right angle, forming an upper crook between the upper retaining fin and the upper terminating end of the exterior wall;
wherein the lower retaining fin and the lower channel wall meet at a right angle, forming a lower crook between the lower retaining fin and the lower terminating end of the exterior wall;
an LED light strip located between the backwall and the upper and lower retaining fins within the recessed light strip housing, the LED light strip emitting light through the aperture between the upper and lower retaining fins; and,
a housing pivotally coupled to a proximal end of the gate arm, the housing having a control system, a power supply and an actuator to selectively pivot the gate arm between a horizontal position and a vertical position;
wherein the visor channel is empty and has no reflective surfaces; and,
wherein the exterior wall, the upper channel wall, the lower channel wall, the backwall, the upper retaining fin and the lower retaining fin all have an equal thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,364,949

ELONGATE LIGHT

1. An elongate light, including:a main body, being an extruded flexible plastic member, including a frame portion, a base board and two wing portions which are integrally formed of one piece, a longitudinal direction of the main body being defined as a first direction, the base board and the frame portion being connected to form a tubular structure, the two wing portions extending outwardly from two sides of the base board toward a direction away from the frame portion, a side of the base board away from the frame portion having at least one lighting element, a distance between two ends of the two wing portions away from each other being defined as a first length, a projection of the frame portion on the first length being defined as a second length, the first length being larger than the second length.

US Pat. No. 10,364,946

SMART BULB SYSTEM

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. A lighting system, comprising:a bulb comprising:
a phosphor plate;
a scanning projector configured to emit a beam of collimated light and scan the beam of collimated light across the phosphor plate to cause emission of infrared light by the phosphor plate to thereby modulate temperature of an environment in which the bulb is present; and
control circuitry configured to wirelessly receive configuration data and to modulate the beam of collimated light during scanning so that the scanning forms a projection pattern on the phosphor plate;
a temperature sensor configured to detect temperature in the environment in which the bulb is present; and
a control system spaced apart from the bulb and configured to read data about the temperature from the temperature sensor, generate the configuration data so as to cause the control circuitry to adjust operation of the scanning projector based upon the data about the temperature, and wirelessly send the configuration data to the control circuitry of the bulb.

US Pat. No. 10,364,945

ELECTRICAL WALL RECEPTACLE, LED MODULE, AND LAMP SYSTEM

1. A lighting system comprising:an electrical receptacle mounted in a wall and having a form factor for accepting NEMA 1 style plugs or NEMA 5 style plugs, the receptacle outputting DC voltage; and
a lamp including:
a power cord for plugging into the receptacle and receiving the DC voltage;
a bulb socket for receiving a bulb; and
an LED bulb assembly connected to the lamp through the bulb socket, the LED bulb assembly including at least one LED and lacking a converter for converting line alternative current voltage into direct current voltage; and
a circuit interrupter electrically connected between the distal end of the power cord and the one or more LEDs, the circuit interrupter interrupting the circuit if the power cord is plugged in to an AC outlet, wherein the circuit interrupter is part of the LED bulb assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,364,942

HONEYCOMB STRUCTURAL HIGH-PRESSURE SET TANK AND A MANUFACTURING PROCESS THEREFOR

1. A high-pressure honeycomb tank container structure, comprising:a first plurality of cell tanks fixedly arranged adjacent each other;
a second plurality of cell tanks fixedly arranged adjacent each other and along at least a first outer periphery of the first plurality of cell tanks; and
a plurality of filler elements fixedly arranged adjacent each other and along at least a second outer periphery of the first plurality of cell tanks so as to occupy voids formed by the adjacent ones of the first plurality of cell tanks in the second outer periphery, each of plurality of filler elements being substantially trapezoid-shaped in cross-section,
wherein the first plurality of cell tanks with the second plurality of cell tanks arranged along at least the first outer periphery and the plurality of fillers arranged in the voids along at least the second outer periphery together form a rectangular shaped structure in cross-section,
wherein each of at least the first plurality of cell tanks includes a cylindrical storage tank having first and second connection ports operatively connected to top and bottom ends respectively of the cylindrical storage tank, a reinforcement FRP prepreg outer cover wrapped around the cylindrical storage tank, first and second height adaptors operatively connected to the top and bottom ends respectively of the cylindrical storage tank, a foam resin body surrounding the cylindrical storage tank wrapped in the reinforcement FRP prepreg outer cover and the first and second height adaptors, and a prepreg outer shell, the foam resin body and the prepreg outer shell being formed such that each of the first plurality of cell tanks are hexagon-shaped in cross-section,
wherein each of the second plurality of cell tanks including a cylindrical storage tank having first and second connection ports operatively connected to top and bottom ends respectively of the cylindrical storage tank, a reinforcement FRP prepreg outer cover wrapped around the cylindrical storage tank, first and second height adaptors operatively connected to the top and bottom ends respectively of the cylindrical storage tank, a foam resin body surrounding the cylindrical storage tank wrapped in the reinforcement FRP prepreg outer cover and the first and second height adaptors, and a prepreg outer shell, the foam resin body and the prepreg outer shell being formed such that each of the second plurality of cell tanks are substantially pentagon-shaped in cross-section.

US Pat. No. 10,364,940

SEALED AND THERMALLY INSULATED TANK FITTED WITH A THROUGH-ELEMENT

GAZTRANSPORT ET TECHNIGAZ...

1. A sealed and thermally insulating tank intended for the storage of a fluid, said tank comprising a tank wall fixed to a flat bearing wall, the tank wall comprising a sealing membrane and a thermally insulating barrier disposed between the bearing wall and the sealing membrane, the sealing membrane essentially consisting of a plurality of corrugated metal sheets tightly welded to one another which form a first series of equidistant parallel rectilinear corrugations extending in a first direction of the plane of the bearing wall and a second series of equidistant parallel rectilinear corrugations extending in a second direction of the plane of the bearing wall, the second direction being at right angles to the first direction, the distance between two adjacent corrugations of the first series and the distance between two adjacent corrugations of the second series being equal to a predetermined corrugation interval io, the corrugated metal sheets having rectangular forms whose sides are parallel to, respectively, the first direction and the second direction of the plane of the bearing wall and whose dimensions are substantially equal to integer multiples of the corrugation interval, each edge of a corrugated metal sheet being situated between two adjacent corrugations parallel to said edge, the thermally insulating barrier essentially consisting of a plurality of juxtaposed insulating panels each having an inner face which forms a support surface for the sealing membrane, the insulating panels having rectangular parallelepipedal forms whose sides are parallel to, respectively, the first direction and the second direction of the plane of the bearing wall and whose dimensions in projection in the plane of the bearing wall are substantially equal to integer multiples of the corrugation interval, metal anchor plates being fixed onto the inner faces of the insulating panels and the corrugated metal sheets having edges welded to said anchor plates to retain the sealing membrane against said support surface, the sealed tank being equipped with a through-element passing through the tank wall,wherein the thermally insulating barrier around the through-element comprises a plurality of insulating panels which form a ring of square form around the through-element, said ring having outer sides measuring substantially 9io which are parallel to, respectively, the first direction and the second direction of the plane of the bearing wall, said ring delimiting, at its center, a square window whose sides measure substantially 3io and which are also parallel to, respectively, the first direction and the second direction of the plane of the bearing wall, such that the through-element passes through the thermally insulating barrier in said square window, a first plurality of anchor plates being disposed on the inner face of said ring along the four outer sides of said ring, the distance between each anchor plate of the first plurality and the outer side that it runs along being equal to the corrugation interval, link parts linked tightly to the through-element being disposed in the square window around the through-element on the inner face of the insulating panels which form the ring, and
wherein the corrugated metal sheets of the sealing membrane around the through-element comprise:
two notched rectangular metal plates 3io wide in the first direction and 7io long in the second direction, which are symmetrical to one another in relation to an axis of symmetry parallel to the second direction passing through the center of the square window, called second axis of symmetry, each notched rectangular metal plate having three outer edges disposed in line with the first plurality of anchor plates and welded onto the first plurality of anchor plates and an inner edge having a notch formed to avoid cutting said square window, said notch having a width equal to 1io in the first direction and a length equal to 3io in the second direction so that the notched portion of the inner edge runs along the square window, and
two metal retrofit plates disposed between the non-notched portions of the inner edges of the two notched rectangular metal plates, the two metal retrofit plates being symmetrical to one another in relation to an axis of symmetry parallel to the first direction passing through the center of the square window, called first axis of symmetry, each metal retrofit plate being 1io wide in the first direction and 2io long in the second direction and having a corrugation aligned on said second axis of symmetry, the two longitudinal edges of each metal retrofit plate being tightly welded to the inner edges of the two notched rectangular metal plates, and the outer lateral edge of each metal retrofit plate being welded to the anchor plates of the first plurality, the notched portion of the inner edge of each notched rectangular metal plate and the inner lateral edge of each metal retrofit plate being tightly welded to said link parts.

US Pat. No. 10,364,939

FREE-STANDING LINER UNIT AND METHOD OF BUILDING TANK

IHI CORPORATION, (JP)

1. A free-standing liner unit comprising:a planar outer tank liner plate which makes up a portion of an outer tank liner when the outer tank liner plate is erected on top of a base slab;
a planar secondary barrier plate which makes up a portion of a secondary barrier, which surrounds a bottom portion of an inner tank and is configured to block leakage of liquefied natural gas when liquefied natural gas leaks out from the inner tank, when the secondary barrier plate is erected on top of the base slab; and
a cold insulator layer that is interposed between the outer tank liner plate and the secondary barrier plate and makes up a portion of a cold insulating layer which surrounds an entire circumference of the secondary barrier when the cold insulator layer is erected on top of the base slab,
wherein the outer tank liner plate, the secondary barrier plate, and the cold insulator layer are integrated into a single unit,A) wherein a position of a bottom edge of the secondary barrier plate, which is a lowermost position of the secondary barrier plate in a height direction, is at a same position as a bottom edge of the outer tank liner plate, which is a lowermost position of the outer tank liner plate in the height direction, andB) wherein the single unit of the free-standing liner unit is configured for being erected on top of the base slab with the bottom edges of the secondary barrier plate and the outer tank liner plate aligned in direct contact with the base slab.

US Pat. No. 10,364,938

UNDERWATER ENERGY STORAGE USING COMPRESSED FLUID

Bright Energy Storage Tec...

1. A compressed fluid energy storage system comprising:a. a submersible fluid containment subsystem disposed longitudinally along a vertical axis when submerged and ballasted on a bed of a body of water and charged with a compressed working fluid, the fluid containment system comprising a substantially flat portion closing a domed portion, with the flat portion presenting a bottom surface of the fluid containment system that makes contact with the bed of the body of water;
b. a compressor disposed in fluid communication with the fluid containment subsystem and configured to supply compressed working fluid to the fluid containment subsystem; and
c. an expander disposed in fluid communication with the fluid containment subsystem and configured to:
i. receive compressed working fluid from the fluid containment subsystem; and
ii. expand the compressed working fluid;
wherein the fluid containment subsystem is at least in part flexible.

US Pat. No. 10,364,937

TWO-PIECE STAND-PIPE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A two-piece standpipe system, comprising:a clinch nut having a sleeve connected to the clinch nut and a bore extending through the clinch nut and the sleeve; and
a stand-pipe having an outer face of the stand-pipe directly connected to an inner wall of the sleeve of the clinch nut, the stand-pipe including;
an end cap defining a free end of the stand-pipe preventing entrance of a fluid into a longitudinal bore of the stand-pipe; and
at least one port created in a side wall of the stand-pipe permitting the fluid to enter the longitudinal bore of the stand-pipe and flow into the bore of the clinch nut and the sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,364,936

ADHESION-TYPE HOLDING STRUCTURE MOUNTED ONTO WALL

1. An adhesion-type holding structure mounted onto a wall, comprising:a main attaching member, comprising a holding portion for bearing an external object and an adhering portion for adhering to a wall;
a backup attaching member, comprising an adhering portion for adhering to a wall; and
a safety mechanism, comprising:
a replacement device disposed between the main attaching member and the backup attaching member, wherein when the main attaching member and the backup attaching member are attached to a wall on positions close to each other, and the main attaching member comes loose from the wall and falls down, the backup attaching member can prevent, by means of the replacement device, the main attaching member from falling down, and timely replaces the main attaching member to hold the holding portion; and
a warning device for generating warning information when the holding portion comes loose from the wall and falls down.

US Pat. No. 10,364,934

SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR SUPPORTING A CONDUIT OF AN ENGINE

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A support structure for supporting a conduit of an engine, the engine including an engine head and an engine block, the support structure comprising:a bracket assembly, the bracket assembly including:
a platform configured to extend parallel to the conduit and support the conduit, the platform having a first side and a second side disposed parallel to the first side and spaced apart from the first side;
a pair of brackets configured to be coupled to the first side, each bracket including:
a first lateral post configured to be coupled to the platform;
a second lateral post configured to be coupled to the engine block;
a first longitudinal post and a second longitudinal post, each extending from the first lateral post to the second lateral post, wherein a lateral distance between the first longitudinal post and the second longitudinal post increases in a direction away from the first lateral post towards the second lateral post; and
a stiffener connecting the first longitudinal post and the second longitudinal post; and
a pair of fixtures configured to be coupled to the second side, each fixture including:
a pair of legs disposed spaced apart from each other and configured to couple the platform to the engine head; and
a web structure including a central portion and a plurality of stems connecting to the pair of legs.

US Pat. No. 10,364,933

PUCK WEAR DETECTION

Momentive Performance Mat...

1. A method to control surface wear on a nozzle-down cartridge puck, comprising:determining an extent of acceptable wear to a contact surface of the nozzle-down cartridge puck;
providing the contact surface with at least one bore;
imbedding a fastener with a head and stem into each bore so that the head is within the at least one bore the determined extent of acceptable wear; and
replacing the contact surface when the head is substantially level with a worn contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,364,932

HYBRID HIGH TEMPERATURE INSULATION

Johns Manville, Denver, ...

1. A hybrid high temperature thermal insulation, comprising:a mix of inorganic granules, the mix comprising at least 70 weight percent first porous inorganic granules in the form of expanded perlite, and at most 30 weight percent second porous inorganic granules, the second porous inorganic granules being other than expanded perlite; and
a binder;
wherein the insulation has a thermal conductivity of less than 0.6 BTU-in/(ft2-h-° F.) when measured at 500° F.;
and wherein the second porous inorganic granules comprise aerogel particles.

US Pat. No. 10,364,930

AUTOMATED PIPELINE PIG HANDLING SYSTEM

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. An automated pig handling system comprising:an outer body;
an articulated arm attached to the outer body, the articulated arm configured to connect to a pipeline pig;
a transportation assembly attached to the outer body, the transportation assembly configured to receive the pipeline pig and to move the pipeline pig to one or more of a plurality of locations on the transportation assembly;
a plurality of sensors, at least one of the sensors attached to the outer body, the plurality of sensors configured to sense parameters associated with a location of the outer body relative to a pig trap door; and
a controller comprising processing circuitry, the controller connected to the articulated arm, the transportation assembly and the plurality of sensors, the controller configured to perform pipeline pig launching or retrieval operations by controlling motion and operation of the articulated arm and the transportation assembly based on the parameters sensed by the plurality of sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,364,927

HYDRAULIC CONNECTOR, PARTICULARLY FOR MOTOR VEHICLE WINDSCREEN WIPER SYSTEM

1. A windscreen wiper system comprising a wiper blade fitted with at least a perforated pipe carrying fluid, and connected to a drive arm by an adaptor, wherein the adaptor is rotatingly connected to a connector by a hinge axis, the connector comprising:at least one inlet coupling suitable for connection to a fluid feed;
at least one distributor provided with at least one outlet coupling configured to be connected to the perforated pipe;
at least one internal path for carrying the fluid from the at least one inlet coupling to the at least one distributor;
a first part made of one piece moulded in a plastic material, the first part comprising the at least one inlet coupling and a first portion of the at least one internal path;
a second part made of one piece having a different shape than the first part and moulded in a plastic material, the second part comprising a remainder of the at least one internal path and at least a part of the at least one distributor; and
a deflector formed in two parts connected on either side of the connector, wherein the deflector receives a mount, and wherein the mount receives in turn a strip and a wiping blade,
wherein the first and the second parts are sealingly assembled to form the connector,
wherein the connector is connected by the at least one outlet coupling thereof to the perforated pipe, and
wherein the connector is connected by the at least one inlet coupling thereof to one or two fluid feeds.

US Pat. No. 10,364,926

ENDCAP FOR DRY PRESSURE INSERTION PROBE

Veris Industries, LLC, T...

1. A sensing unit suitable to sense a parameter of a fluid in an interior of a duct defined by a duct wall having an exterior surface and including a portion defining a duct aperture, said sensing unit comprising:(a) an enclosure including a first enclosure portion including a mounting surface and arrangement for attachment to said exterior surface of said duct wall with said mounting surface abutting said duct wall;
(b) said enclosure including a second enclosure portion attached to said first enclosure portion and arranged to extend through said duct aperture when said mounting surface abuts said duct wall;
(c) said first enclosure portion of said enclosure defining a first threaded opening for rotational engagement with a first threaded portion of said second enclosure portion of said enclosure for said attachment;
(d) said second enclosure portion including a second portion adjacent said first threaded portion, where said second portion has a diameter less a diameter of said first threaded portion;
(e) a flexible tubular connector interconnecting said second portion to a sensor;
(f) said sensor configured to be in fluid connection with said fluid in said interior of said duct.

US Pat. No. 10,364,925

SEAL RING ELEMENT

1. A seal ring element for providing a permanent fluid seal between a polymer layer and an end fitting of a flexible pipe, comprising:an annular body that has a cross section comprising a first arm portion and further arm portion extending in a spaced apart relationship away from a body end portion, wherein the first arm portion comprises an inner surface and the further arm portion comprises an inner surface, and wherein the inner surfaces form abutment surfaces and are progressively spaced apart in a direction away from the body end portion, to provide a flat bottomed V-shaped groove in the annular body facing away from the end portion;
wherein, before the seal ring element is energized, the arm portions are substantially wedge shaped, the first arm portion tapering to a narrow first arm end region distal to the body end portion; and
wherein a thickness of the first arm portion reduces when the seal ring is energized.

US Pat. No. 10,364,924

CONNECTING ASSEMBLY FOR A CORRUGATED TUBE

1. A connecting assembly which is configured and intended for connecting to one end of a corrugated tube, the connecting assembly comprising:a base body with a central passage which opens into a receptacle recess provided at one end of the base body,
wherein the receptacle recess is configured to receive the corrugated tube which is introducible along an introducing direction, and
a latching unit which is insertable through a circumferential opening of the base body into the receptacle recess and which comprises a latching element carrier and a plurality of latching elements constructed as one piece with the latching element carrier,
wherein the latching elements are configured and intended to engage in a trough of the corrugated tube and to resist a movement of the corrugated tube out of the receptacle against the introducing direction,
wherein the latching element carrier is configured as a slit ring and in that the latching elements are arranged evenly distributed along the circumference of the latching element carrier, and
wherein the latching elements are arranged along the circumference of the latching element carrier in a substantially gapless sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,364,921

WEDGE OF A LEAD-THROUGH SYSTEM

Roxtec AB, Karlskrona (S...

1. A wedge of a lead-through system for cables, pipes, or wires, said lead-through system further comprises a frame and one or more modules, wherein the wedge and the one or more modules are placed inside the frame, wherein the modules are to receive the cables, pipes or wires, wherein the thickness of the wedge is adjustable to compress the modules inside the frame, wherein the wedge comprises a first wedge element and a second wedge element placed in line with each other and arranged movable towards and away from each other, wherein the wedge further comprises a third wedge element and a fourth wedge element, and wherein the third wedge element and the fourth wedge element are placed on opposite sides of the first wedge element and the second wedge element and abutting the first wedge element and second the wedge element along sloping surfaces, wherein each of the first wedge element, the second wedge element, the third wedge element, and the fourth wedge element comprises a core and an outer part surrounding the core, wherein the outer part comprises an elastic material and the core comprises a harder material than the elastic material, and wherein the elastic material of each of the first wedge element, the second wedge element, the third wedge element, and the fourth wedge element abuts the elastic material of two of the other of the first wedge element, the second wedge element, the third wedge element, and the fourth wedge element, and further comprising one single screw co-operating with one socket is used to move the first and second wedge elements towards and away from each other, wherein the socket is fixed in a rotatable way in relation to the first wedge element and the screw is fixed in a non-rotatable way in relation to the second wedge element, wherein an outer end of the screw is received in a through opening of the socket, whereby an inner thread of the through opening of the socket is in mesh with a second thread at the outer end of the screw, and wherein the first wedge element and the second wedge element are moveable toward and away from each other by rotation of the socket on the screw.

US Pat. No. 10,364,920

HOSE HOLDER SYSTEM AND RELATED METHODS

1. A hose holder system, comprising:a wheeled vehicle comprising a melter configured to melt a crack repair material;
a hose coupled with the melter through an attachment point and configured to convey the melted crack repair material;
a dispenser coupled with an end of the hose and configured to dispense the melted crack repair material into a crack;
a rigid holder coupled to the hose, the rigid holder comprising a substantially vertical section and a substantially horizontal section; and
a sling formed of a flexible material, the sling comprising a sleeve configured to receive the substantially horizontal section.

US Pat. No. 10,364,918

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUSPENDING A PACKAGE IN AN ELEVATED POSITION

1. A structural framework comprising:(a) a first support beam, the first beam having first and second inwardly facing flanges, and an interior, the first support beam having a first longitudinal centerline;
(b) a first support bracket connectable to the first support beam, the first support bracket comprising:
(i) a first flange of the first support bracket,
(ii) a second flange of the first support bracket, the first flange of the first support bracket meeting the second flange of the first support bracket at an apex and forming an angle with the second flange of the first support bracket,
(iii) a support section connected to the first flange of the first support bracket, wherein the first support bracket has locked and unlocked states relative to the first support beam, and the first support bracket changes from an unlocked state to a locked state relative to the first support beam by rotation in a first rotational direction about an axis which is generally parallel to the first longitudinal axis and creating a rotational locking force between the first support bracket and the first support beam which increases as the amount of weight supported by the first support bracket is increased, and the first support bracket changes from a locked state to an unlocked state relative to the first support beam by rotation in a second rotational direction about the axis which is generally parallel to the first longitudinal axis, but opposite of that of the first rotational direction of the first support bracket; and
(iv) a first clamping section releasably connectable to the first support bracket and when connected to the first support bracket maintaining the first support bracket in the locked state relative to the first support beam by squeezing the first support beam between the first support bracket and the first clamping section.

US Pat. No. 10,364,916

DEPLOYMENT AND DIRECT TIE-IN OF SUBSEA PIPELINES

STATOIL PETROLEUM AS, St...

1. A method of installing a subsea pipeline having a direct tie-in to a subsea structure, the method comprising the steps of:during introduction of the pipeline into the sea from a pipe laying vessel, applying a plastic deformation to a region of the pipeline at or close to an end of the pipeline to be tied-in, wherein the plastic deformation creates a radius of curvature in said region of the pipeline when installed that is smaller than the radius of curvature of an adjacent section of the pipeline when installed;
laying the tie-in end of the pipeline on or close to the seabed; and
during tie-in, elastically deforming said region by pulling the tie-in end towards the subsea structure so as to apply a tensile force to the pipeline and increase the radius of curvature of said region.

US Pat. No. 10,364,915

VALVE SHIFT DETECTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

10. A method comprising:actuating a valve to move a spool from an un-actuated position to an actuated position within a housing; and
detecting a successful shift of the spool to the actuated position based on a voltage change or a current change produced by a spring retainer contacting a valve shift detection system;
wherein actuating the valve comprises supplying current to a resistor of a release washer retaining the spool.

US Pat. No. 10,364,913

FLOW-CONTROL DEVICE WITH REDUCED WEIGHT

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. A device for regulating flow rate of a gas in a duct, the device comprising:a valve member having an actuator, the valve member being configured in such a manner as to shut off the duct selectively, the valve member including a proximal surface subjected to pressure exerted by the gas in the duct upstream from the valve member, and a distal surface which is remote from the proximal surface,
wherein movement of the valve member is controlled by pressure in the duct upstream from the valve member acting on the proximal surface of the valve member, and a control pressure applied to the distal surface of the valve member of area greater than that of the proximal surface of the valve member, said control pressure being established in an amplification chamber having a feed line which supplies a fluid into the amplification chamber and an emptying line through which the fluid supplied to the amplification chamber exits, one of said feed and emptying lines presenting a flow rate that is constant and the other of said feed and emptying lines presenting a flow rate that is variable and that is controlled by only a single control actuator, the single control actuator being free from exposure to gas flowing in the duct,
wherein the amplification chamber includes a first movable end wall secured to the proximal surface of the valve member, a second stationary end wall, and movable side walls which enable the first movable end wall to move relative to the second stationary end wall so as to modify a volume of the amplification chamber, the amplification chamber being isolated from a surrounding medium including the gas in the duct such that the first movable end wall and the movable side walls of the amplification chamber are not in contact with the gas in the duct,
wherein the gas is a cryogenic gas, and
wherein the feed line presents a flow rate that is constant and the emptying line presents a flow rate that is variable and that is controlled by the single control actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,364,911

VALVE ACTUATION SYSTEM

1. A valve actuation system with a drive device, equipped with an axial extension, which comprises an actuating drive with a drive output side intended for coupling with a valve and an axial rear side opposite the drive output side, wherein the actuating drive has on its axial rear side a mounting interface for the attachment of an auxiliary device which interacts with the actuating drive, wherein, in order to allow attachment of the auxiliary device which is to be mounted, or which is mounted, the mounting interface of the actuating drive is equipped with several different attachment devices, which differ in their attachment possibilities and which can be used selectively,wherein the actuating drive has a drive housing in which an output member, which can be driven to perform a drive output movement, is arranged which, in the state of the drive device in which it is attached to the valve, interacts in a driving manner with a valve member of the valve, wherein the actuating drive is a pneumatically-operated actuating drive.

US Pat. No. 10,364,910

FLUID CONTROL DEVICE

MICROJET TECHNOLOGY CO., ...

1. A fluid control device, comprising:a piezoelectric actuator comprising a piezoelectric element and a vibration plate, wherein the piezoelectric element is attached on a surface of the vibration plate, the piezoelectric element is subject to deformation in response to an applied voltage, and the vibration plate is subject to a curvy vibration in response to the deformation of the piezoelectric element; and
a deformable substrate comprising a communication plate and a flexible plate stacked on and coupled with the communication plate, wherein the communication plate and the flexible plate are subject to a synchronous deformation to form a synchronously-deformed structure as a whole,
wherein the deformable substrate is combined with and positioned on the vibration plate of the piezoelectric actuator, so that a specified depth is defined between the flexible plate of the deformable substrate and the vibration plate, wherein the flexible plate comprises a movable part corresponding to the vibration plate, and
wherein the communication plate has a central part directly below the movable part of the flexible plate, and the central part of the communication plate is spaced apart from the movable part of the flexible plate, and is synchronously deformable with the movable part of the flexible plate.

US Pat. No. 10,364,909

FLUID FLOW CONTROL DEVICE AND SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A fluid flow control device comprising:a resilient substrate translatable between a first flattened position and a second extended position; and
an actuator attached to the resilient substrate and configured for translating the resilient substrate from the first flattened position to the second extended position;
wherein the actuator is formed from a shape memory alloy transitionable between a first state and a second state in response to a change in temperature of the shape memory alloy;
wherein the resilient substrate defines a first void, a second void spaced apart from the first void, and a slit connecting the first void and the second void;
wherein the actuator is configured as a wire that contracts in length in response to the change in temperature and includes a first crimped end and a second crimped end spaced apart from the first crimped end;
wherein the first crimped end is disposed in the first void and the second crimped end is disposed in the second void such that the wire rests within the slit.

US Pat. No. 10,364,906

DIELECTRIC REGULATOR

Engineered Controls Inter...

1. A dielectric regulator comprising:a regulator comprising:
a body having an inlet; and
a sealing tip disposed in the inlet; and
an inlet group comprising:
an inlet nozzle assembly disposed in the inlet to selectively engage with the sealing tip, the inlet nozzle assembly comprising:
a nozzle defining a sealing block void, a funnel void, a first cylindrical void, and a polygonal void;
a bushing surrounding a first outer perimeter of the nozzle;
a first sealing ring compressed between the first outer perimeter of the nozzle and the bushing;
a second sealing ring surrounding a second outer perimeter of the nozzle and compressively contacting the second outer perimeter and the bushing;
a nut rotatably disposed about the nozzle;
a first ring-shaped dielectric interface configured to be compressed between the nut and the nozzle; and
a second ring-shaped dielectric interface in contact with the first ring-shaped dielectric interface; and
an inlet fitting defining a central void and threadably attached to the nozzle via the nut, the inlet fitting to compress the second ring-shaped dielectric interface against the nozzle and the first ring-shaped dielectric interface.

US Pat. No. 10,364,905

POOL CLEANER CHECK VALVE

Hayward Industries, Inc.,...

1. A pool cleaner, comprising:a canister body including an inlet, the canister body defining an inner chamber;
a filter medium disposed within the inner chamber of the canister body;
a cyclone block including a plurality of cyclone containers, the cyclone block disposed within the inner chamber of the canister body and at least partially surrounded by the filter medium; and
a check valve secured within the inlet, the check valve comprising:
a frame;
a medium having a proximal end, a distal end, a body extending between the proximal end and the distal end, and a pocket in the body of the medium that extends from the proximal end to the distal end, the proximal end of the medium being secured to the frame; and
a rigid rod positioned within the pocket of the medium,
the check valve being positioned in a first position when fluid is flowing through the check valve in a first direction wherein debris is permitted to flow through the check valve, and positioned in a second position when fluid is flowing through the check valve in a second direction wherein debris is prevented from flowing through the check valve;
wherein a first cyclonic flow is generated between the canister body and the filter medium, and a second cyclonic flow is generated within each of the plurality of cyclone containers.

US Pat. No. 10,364,902

ROTARY SHEAR VALVE WITH A TWO-PIN DRIVE SHAFT FOR LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A rotary shear valve assembly, comprising:a rotor assembly having a rotor and a drive shaft, the rotor having a substantially planar surface and the drive shaft having a head portion, the substantially planar surface having one or more rotor grooves, a first hole having a circular cross-section and a second hole opposite to the first hole along a diameter on the substantially planar surface defined between the first and second holes, the second hole having an elliptical cross-section which is not circular and wherein at least one of the rotor grooves intersects the diameter, the head portion having a first pin and a second pin, the first and second pins being disposed substantially diametrically opposite of each other on a line through a center of the head portion, the first pin having a diameter that is less than a diameter of the second pin, the first pin being mated with the first hole in the rotor and the second pin being mated with the second hole in the rotor, wherein the first hole in the rotor is sized to receive closely the first pin.

US Pat. No. 10,364,900

FLUID SWITCHING VALVE AND LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPH APPARATUS USING THE SAME

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. A fluid switching valve comprising:a stator having a plurality of through holes;
a rotating rotor; and
a seal having a connection groove through which the through holes are connected to each other,
wherein the seal includes
a first portion that is present vertically downward with respect to a region containing at least a contact surface with the stator, and
a second portion that is provided outside the first portion and has lower rigidity than the first portion, and
wherein
the second portion is formed by providing a groove on a surface of the seal other than a surface opposite to the stator,
the seal is connected to the rotating rotor with a pin that is inserted into a pin through hole, and
measured from a common origin
an inner diameter of the groove provided in the seal is equal to or greater than a diameter of the connection groove of the seal and is equal to or less than a diameter of the contact surface between the seal and the stator, and
a distance of the pin through hole from a center of the seal is greater than a diameter of the contact surface between the seal and the stator.

US Pat. No. 10,364,899

VALVE, IN PARTICULAR VACUUM VALVE

VAT HOLDING AG, Haag (CH...

1. A valve, comprising at least one valve housing, at least one closure member, and at least one valve seat, wherein the valve seat surrounds at least one valve opening of the valve, at least one closure member drive that moves the closure member back and forth between at least one open position, in which the closure member at least partially clears the valve opening, and a closed position, in which the closure member is pressed against the valve seat by way of a sealing surface of the closure member in order to close the valve opening, and at least one surface of the valve has an average roughness depth RZ less than or equal to 0.4 ?m and has a reflectance for electromagnetic radiation of at least 0.8.

US Pat. No. 10,364,898

METERING VALVE AND DEVICE FOR DISPENSING A FLUID PRODUCT COMPRISING SUCH A VALVE

APTAR FRANCE SAS, Le Neu...

1. A metering valve for dispensing fluid, the valve comprising: a valve body that extends along a longitudinal axis between a first axial end and a second axial end, said valve body containing a metering chamber; and a valve member that slides axially in said valve body between a rest position and a dispensing position, for selectively dispensing the contents of said metering chamber, said metering chamber configured to have a fluid connection, in the rest position of the valve member, to a fluid reservoir containing the fluid to be dispensed and structured so that when the valve is in an upside-down position with the metering chamber arranged below the reservoir while the valve member is in the rest position, the metering chamber is filled by gravity from the reservoir, and so that when the valve is in an upright position with the metering chamber arranged above the reservoir while the valve member is in the rest position, the metering chamber is emptied by gravity into the reservoir; wherein said valve body includes at least one first hole and at least one second hole configured to fill and to empty said metering chamber by gravity, said at least one first hole being axially offset along said longitudinal axis relative to said at least one second hole.

US Pat. No. 10,364,897

CONTROL PLATE FOR A HIGH CONDUCTANCE VALVE

VistadelTek, LLC, Yorba ...

1. A control plate for a high-conductance valve comprising:a control plate body formed as a basically circular disk having a flat side and an opposed side opposite the flat side, the control plate configured to be moved within a valve by an actuator, the flat side having a continuous uninterrupted flat portion to shut-off fluid flow in the valve;
a centered mounting hole defined as a counterbore in the control plate body, the centered mounting hole terminating in a control plate through hole defined in the control plate body, the control plate through hole having a diameter that is less than a diameter of the centered mounting hole;
a central insert received in the mounting hole; and
at least one insert hole defined in the central insert, each insert hole in conjunction with the control plate through hole forming a fluid path for fluid to pass from the flat side through to the opposed side.

US Pat. No. 10,364,896

VALVE PLUG ASSEMBLY FOR PRESSURE REGULATOR

EMERSON PROCESS MANAGEMEN...

1. A valve plug adapted for sealing engagement with a seat ring, the valve plug comprising:a cylindrical body and an annular flange radially extending from the body, the annular flange having a groove;
a pair of bores disposed in the body, each bore having a first diameter, a first end adapted to be in contact with a mounting portion, and a second end disposed within the body, each bore adapted to receive a fastener to couple the valve plug to the mounting portion;
a recess disposed at the second end of each bore, each recess having a second diameter larger than the first diameter of the bore to form a stepped portion at the second end of each bore, the recess adapted to receive at least one of a portion of a retainer or a portion of the fastener; and
a sealing disk disposed within the groove of the annular flange, the sealing disk one of a machined sealing disk machined into the groove or a molded sealing disk molded to the groove, the sealing disk having a sealing surface adapted to engage a seating surface of the seat ring,
wherein, when the sealing disk is the machined sealing disk, the recess disposed at the second end of each bore disposed in the body receives a portion of a retainer, and when the sealing disk is the molded sealing disk, the recess receives only a portion of the fastener, such that the same valve plug and one or more fasteners are interchangeably used with both the machined sealing disk and the molded sealing disk.

US Pat. No. 10,364,895

SHAFT SEAL ASSEMBLY

1. A shaft seal assembly comprising:a. a stator capable of engaging a housing, said stator comprising:
i. a stator main body;
ii. a stator inward radial projection extending radially inward from said stator main body, wherein a distal end of said stator inward radial projection provides a close gap seal clearance between said stator and a shaft around which said shaft seal assembly is positioned at a distal end of said stator inward radial projection and an external surface of said shaft, wherein said distal end of said stator inward radial projection includes an annular recess;
iii. a collection groove adjacent said stator inward radial projection, said collection groove having an axial dimension defined by an inboard wall and an outboard wall, wherein said inboard wall of said collection groove is formed in said stator, wherein an inboard side of said stator inward radial projection forms said outboard wall of said collection groove, wherein a radially exterior surface of said rotor forms a radially inner limit of said collection groove, wherein an axially oriented floor formed in said stator between said inboard and outboard walls forms a radially outer limit of said collection groove, and wherein no structure is positioned in said collection groove;
iv. a barrier extending radially outward from said stator main body;
v. a shoulder extending radially outward from said stator main body;
vi an exterior groove positioned between said barrier and said shoulder;
vii a drain in fluid communication with said collection groove;
viii a stator sealing ring groove formed in said stator main body;
b. said rotor positioned within said stator, said rotor capable of engaging said shaft, said rotor comprising:
ix. a rotor main body;
x. a rotor axial projection extending from said rotor main body, wherein said rotor axial projection is positioned adjacent said distal end of said stator inward radial projection, wherein said rotor is entirely positioned inboard with respect to said stator inward radial projection and said close gap seal clearance, wherein said rotor axial projection and said annular recess on said stator inward radial projection cooperate to form a first and a second radial clearance between said stator and said rotor and an axial clearance between said stator and said rotor;
xi. a rotor sealing ring groove formed in said rotor main body, wherein a radial dimension of said rotor sealing ring groove is less than a radial dimension of said stator sealing ring groove;
c. a sealing ring, wherein a first portion of said sealing ring is positioned in said stator sealing ring groove, and wherein a second portion of said sealing ring is positioned in said rotor sealing ring groove.

US Pat. No. 10,364,889

SPEED CHANGE APPARATUS FOR POWER UNIT

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A speed change apparatus for a power unit, comprising:a main shaft on which a plurality of driving gears are supported;
a counter shaft on which a plurality of driven gears are supported;
shifter gears included in the driving gears and the driven gears;
a cylindrical shift drum formed with lead grooves in an outer circumferential surface thereof;
a plurality of shift forks each provided with a fork portion and a pin portion, the fork portion being engaged with the shifter gears, and the pin portion being locked in the lead groove of the shift drum; and
a shift fork shaft disposed in parallel to an axial direction of the shift drum and supporting the shift forks in an axially movable manner,
gear shift being established by a process in which the shift forks guided by the lead groove of the shift drum and moved in the axial direction moves the shifter gears in the axial direction,
wherein the shift forks each includes a main body portion which is provided with the fork portion,
the pin portion of each of the shift forks is provided as a separate body from the main body portion and is rotatably supported by the main body portion,
the pin portion includes
a shaft portion, and a flange portion which is provided at a part of the shaft portion and is enlarged in diameter as compared with an outside diameter of the shaft portion,
the main body portion includes a pin insertion hole through which the pin portion is passed, a step portion is provided in the pin insertion hole, and the flange portion is in contact with the step portion,
the pin portion passed through the pin insertion hole is mounted to the main body portion by a structure in which the flange portion is put in contact with the step portion and in which a retaining ring is provided on an opposite side of the flange portion from the step portion,
the pin portion is rotatably supported by the main body portion through a bearing member, and
the pin insertion hole includes a bearing mounting portion to which to mount the bearing member, an enlarged diameter portion which is enlarged in inside diameter as compared with the bearing mounting portion, and the step portion connecting the bearing mounting portion and the enlarged diameter portion.

US Pat. No. 10,364,885

LOAD-DEPENDENT REGULATION OF HYDRAULIC MOTORS

1. A method for a load-dependent regulation of a hydrostatic drive with a closed hydraulic fluid circuit comprising a first hydraulic motor and, parallel to this, a second hydraulic motor, whereby both hydraulic motors are capable of being powered by a hydraulic pump via a high-pressure line and a low-pressure line and are mechanically coupled to each other via a transmission, whereby:the displacement of the first hydraulic motor can be adjusted proportionally to an electrical signal of an electronic control system via an electro-proportional control valve,
the displacement of the second hydraulic motor can be adjusted via a pressure-proportional control valve which is hydraulically connected to the high-pressure line via a control pressure line and which can be activated by means of a control pressure dependent on the high pressure;
whereby the method comprises the following steps:
automatic high-pressure-dependent opening of the pressure-proportional control valve, proportional to an exceedance of a predefinable pressure limit in the high-pressure line, whereby the predefinable pressure limit is equal to an opening pressure of the pressure-proportional control valve,
adjustment of the displacement of the second hydraulic motor by a second servo control unit which can be controlled via the pressure-proportional control valve,
determination of an actual volume flow passing through the first hydraulic motor by means of the electronic control system,
comparison of the actual value for the volume flow with a target value for the volume flow by means of the electronic control system,
calculation of an adapted control signal by the electronic control system based on a deviation between the actual and target value for the volume flow,
transmission of the adapted control signal to the electro-proportional regulation valve, and
electro-proportional adaptation of the displacement of the first hydraulic motor by means of a first servo control unit which can be controlled via the electro-proportional control valve.

US Pat. No. 10,364,884

GEAR SHIFT CONTROL DEVICE, A VEHICLE USING THE SAME, AND GEAR SHIFT CONTROL METHOD

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A gear shift control device adapted to control a gear shift mechanism that enables a rotational speed output from a drive source to be changed into speeds of a plurality of shift stages by a manual operation,wherein the gear shift mechanism includes a plurality of engagement mechanisms and engages the plurality of engagement mechanisms to establish any one of the plurality of shift stages,
the gear shift control device is adapted to set a desired shift stage based on the manual operation and to perform a gear shift to the set desired shift stage, and
in a case where the gear shift to the desired shift stage is a gear shift that skips one or more shift stages and requires that two or more engagement mechanisms among the plurality of engagement mechanisms that are currently engaged be switched, the gear shift to the desired shift stage is performed such that the engagement mechanisms to be switched via a shift stage or stages to be skipped are switched one by one.

US Pat. No. 10,364,883

SHIFT LEVER ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A shift lever assembly for a vehicle, the shift lever assembly comprising:a base having a hole;
a knob disposed above a base, having an accommodation space formed therein to be opened or closed by a cover, and including a button type shift device disposed in the accommodation space to perform shifting in response to button operations;
a rod extending downward from the knob and through the hole and having a magnet disposed on a bottom portion thereof;
a driving motor including a rotation shaft connected to the rod and providing a driving force for rotating the knob at a time of driving; and
a shifting printed circuit board (shifting PCB) detecting a gear by recognizing the magnet and controlling the gear,
wherein shifting is performed by selectively using one of a lever shift mode, in which gears are changed in response to the knob being operated, and a button shift mode, in which the gears are changed in response to button operations.

US Pat. No. 10,364,882

CLUTCH AND STEERING DEVICE

SHOWA CORPORATION, Gyoda...

1. A clutch for use in a steer-by-wire steering device for a vehicle, the clutch being configured to switch between mechanically coupling and uncoupling a torque transmission path between a steering member operated by a driver and a wheel-turning unit configured to turn wheels, the clutch comprising:a position change member configured to change between a first position and a second position to switch between mechanically coupling and uncoupling the torque transmission path; and
a conduction path comprising two points that come into contact with or separate from each other in accordance with positional change of the position change member, the conduction path being connected to an electric circuit configured to detect a change in a resistance value of the conduction path.

US Pat. No. 10,364,880

OIL QUIETING DIRECTION CONTROL BAFFLE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A baffle comprising:a disk;
a rim connected to and circumferentially surrounding a portion of the disk;
a peripheral portion connected to and circumferentially surrounding the rim, the peripheral portion forming a channel;
a slot disposed in the peripheral portion, wherein the slot extends from the peripheral portion to a radially outward portion of the rim, wherein a shape of the slot includes a partially annular band, wherein the slot fluidly connects the channel of the peripheral portion with the rim; and
an outlet fluidly connected to the channel of the peripheral portion, wherein the outlet comprises:
a cover covering a distal end of the outlet; and
a series of openings disposed on a portion of the outlet, wherein the series of openings is fluidly connected to the channel via the outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,364,879

HOUSING FOR A GEAR UNIT

1. A housing for a gear unit, comprising:a housing top part mounted on a housing bottom part;
a first bearing mounting for a first bearing of a shaft being formed by a first bearing carrier of the housing top part and a first bearing carrier of the housing bottom part; and
a second bearing mounting for a second bearing of a shaft being formed by a second bearing carrier of the housing top part and a second bearing carrier of the housing bottom part;
wherein a first end area of the first bearing carrier of the housing bottom part and a first end area of the second bearing carrier of the housing bottom part are joined by two end plates set apart from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,364,877

DRIVING FORCE DISTRIBUTING APPARATUS

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A driving force distributing apparatus configured to distribute a driving force from a driving source of a vehicle to right and left wheels of the vehicle in a manner that the driving force is differentially transmittable to the right and left wheels and the transmission of the driving force is interruptible, the apparatus comprising;a case member that rotates upon receiving the driving force;
a differential gear mechanism housed in the case member, the differential gear mechanism including a pair of side gears, and a plurality of pinion gears that rotate together with the case member while meshing with the pair of side gears;
a driving force transmission member coupled to one of the pair of side gears such that the driving force transmission member is not rotatable relative to this side gear; and
a clutch mechanism to transmit a driving force from the driving force transmission member to one of the right and left wheels in a manner that the transmission of the driving force is interruptible, wherein
the clutch mechanism includes
a first rotational member and a second rotational member disposed coaxially such that the first rotational member and the second rotational member are rotatable relative to each other, and
a plurality of clutch plates disposed between the first rotational member and the second rotational member,
the first rotational member of the clutch mechanism is spline-fitted to the driving force transmission member, and
wherein the first rotational member includes
a first cylindrical portion, an outer circumferential side of the first cylindrical portion connecting to at least one of the plurality of clutch plates, and
a first connector portion that is spline-fitted to the driving force transmission member.

US Pat. No. 10,364,876

FOUR-WHEEL DRIVING APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A four-wheel driving apparatus for a vehicle, the four-wheel driving apparatus comprising:a planetary gear set including a sun gear, a carrier, and a ring gear, and provided so that the sun gear is coupled to a transmission output shaft;
a counter shaft provided in parallel to the transmission output shaft;
a sleeve included in the counter shaft, receiving operating force of a shift fork to slide along a longitudinal direction of the counter shaft, and provided to be selectively coupled to one of the sun gear and the carrier of the planetary gear set according to a sliding position;
a center differential connected to a front differential through a front output shaft directly coupled to the center differential and connected to a rear differential through a rear output shaft directly coupled to the center differential; and
a transfer gear device disposed to connect between the counter shaft and one of the front output shaft and the rear output shaft,
wherein the center differential is provided as a no slip differential (NSD), in which the center differential is connected with the counter shaft through the transfer gear device.

US Pat. No. 10,364,873

TORQUE CONVERTER STATOR HAVING INTERCHANGEABLE BLADES

1. A torque converter stator comprising:a body member having a central hub and an annular wall, the annular wall having an outer surface such that a series of spaced apart dovetail openings are located on the outer surface of the annular wall and such that each dovetail opening has a mouth defining an entrance into the dovetail opening;
a series of blades, each blade having a dovetail pin and an outer end and such that each dovetail pin is slid into a respective one of the dovetail openings on the body member through the dovetail opening's mouth, such that when the dovetail pin is fully received within its dovetail opening, the dovetail pin is held thereat in dovetail fashion; and
a duct ring having an inner wall such that the duct ring is removably attached to the outer end of each of the series of blades by having the inner wall contact each of the ends of the series of blades.

US Pat. No. 10,364,872

AXLE ASSEMBLY HAVING A GEAR REDUCTION UNIT AND AN INTERAXLE DIFFERENTIAL UNIT

ArvinMeritor Technology, ...

1. An axle assembly comprising:a housing assembly that receives a differential assembly;
an input shaft that is at least partially received in the housing assembly and is rotatable about a first axis;
a gear reduction unit that is operatively connected to the input shaft, wherein the gear reduction unit includes a planetary gear set that has a sun gear and a planetary ring gear that are rotatable about the first axis and a planet carrier that rotatably supports a planet pinion that is in meshing engagement with the sun gear and the planetary ring gear, wherein the planetary ring gear is selectively rotatable about the first axis;
a first coupling that is moveable between a first position in which the planetary ring gear is coupled to the housing assembly such that the planetary ring gear does not rotate about the first axis and a second position in which the planetary ring gear is not coupled to the housing assembly and is rotatable about the first axis; and
an interaxle differential unit that is at least partially received in the planet carrier and that operatively connects the planetary gear set to the differential assembly and an output shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,364,870

SWITCHING DEVICE AND ADJUSTING ARRANGEMENT FOR CONTROL DEVICES

1. A fitting switching device (8), comprising a drive-output shaft (10) and an input shaft (9) coupled to the drive-output shaft (10) and by way of which the drive-output shaft (10) is drivable in a normal operating mode, and having an emergency drive (11) that transfers the drive-output shaft (10) from a usage position into an end position, a recess (14) is formed on an element (13) which is at least one of drivable or driven by the emergency drive (11), and a blocking element (15) is movable by way of an actuating device (16) from a position in which said blocking element is disengaged from the recess (14) into a position in which said blocking element engages into the recess (14), the recess (14) has at least one oblique surface (17, 18) which acts on the blocking element (15), and the at least one oblique surface (17, 18) is oriented such that a force that is imparted to the blocking element (15) by the emergency drive (11) in the engaging position has a component (45) which causes the blocking element (15) to be disengaged from the recess (14), and the actuating device (16) has a solenoid (33) and a spring (38) that applies a force to assist a force generated by the solenoid (33) for an actuating movement of the actuating device (16).

US Pat. No. 10,364,869

CHAIN GUIDE

TSUBAKIMOTO CHAIN CO., O...

1. A chain guide, comprising:a guide shoe that slides and guides a traveling chain;
a base member that reinforces the guide shoe along a chain traveling direction;
at least one attachment member that is provided with an attachment hole, the attachment member being a rigid member having a thin sheet-shape fixing piece and a thin sheet-shape attachment portion together forming an L-shape with a plane of the thin sheet-shape fixing piece being transverse to a plane of the thin sheet-shape attachment portion, wherein the thin sheet-shape attachment portion is provided with the attachment hole and the attachment hole has a center axis extending transverse to the chain traveling direction without passing through said guide shoe or base member;
the thin sheet-shaped attachment portion is provided separately from the guide shoe and the base member and integrally fixed via the thin sheet-shaped fixing piece to at least one of the guide shoe and the base member or both of the guide shoe and the base member.

US Pat. No. 10,364,868

MULTI-SPEED PLANETARY TRANSMISSION

Allison Transmission, Inc...

1. A transmission comprising:at least one stationary member;
an input member rotatable relative to the at least one stationary member;
a plurality of planetary gearsets operatively coupled to the input member, each of the plurality of planetary gearsets including a first gearset component, a second gearset component, and a third gearset component, the plurality of planetary gearsets including a first planetary gearset, a second planetary gearset, a third planetary gearset, and a fourth planetary gearset, wherein the third gearset component of the third planetary gearset is fixedly coupled to the at least one stationary member;
an output member operatively coupled to the input member through the plurality of planetary gearsets and rotatable relative to the at least one stationary member, the output member is fixedly coupled to the third gearset component of the fourth planetary gearset;
a first interconnector which fixedly couples the first gearset component of the first planetary gearset, the first gearset component of the second planetary gearset, and the first gearset component of the fourth planetary gearset together;
a second interconnector which fixedly couples the first gearset component of the third planetary gearset to the second gearset component of the second planetary gearset; and
a plurality of selective couplers, wherein the plurality of selective couplers includes:
a first selective coupler which, when engaged, fixedly couples the first gearset component of the third planetary gearset and the second gearset component of the second planetary gearset to the at least one stationary member;
a second selective coupler which, when engaged, fixedly couples the third gearset component of the second planetary gearset to the at least one stationary member;
a third selective coupler which, when engaged, fixedly couples the second gearset component of the fourth planetary gearset to the third gearset component of the first planetary gearset;
a fourth selective coupler which, when engaged, fixedly couples the second gearset component of the third planetary gearset to the second gearset component of the fourth planetary gearset;
a fifth selective coupler which, when engaged, fixedly couples the second gearset component of the first planetary gearset to the second gearset component of the fourth planetary gearset; and
a sixth selective coupler which, when engaged, fixedly couples the second gearset component of the first planetary gearset to the third gearset component of the second planetary gearset.

US Pat. No. 10,364,867

MULTI-SPEED PLANETARY TRANSMISSION

Allison Transmission, Inc...

14. A transmission comprising:at least one stationary member including a housing, the housing having a first end and a second end;
an input member accessible proximate the first end of the housing;
a plurality of planetary gearsets operatively coupled to the input member, each planetary gearset of the plurality of planetary gearsets including a sun gear, a plurality of planet gears operatively coupled to the sun gear, a planet carrier operatively coupled to the plurality of planet gears, and a ring gear operatively coupled to the plurality of planet gears, the plurality of planetary gearsets including a first planetary gearset, a second planetary gearset, a third planetary gearset, and a fourth planetary gearset, the first planetary gearset positioned between the first end of the housing and the second planetary gearset, the second planetary gearset positioned between the first planetary gearset and the third planetary gearset, the third planetary gearset positioned between the second planetary gearset and the fourth planetary gearset, and the fourth planetary gearset positioned between the third planetary gearset and the second end of the housing, each of the first planetary gearset, the second planetary gearset, the third planetary gearset, and the fourth planetary gearset comprising a simple planetary gearset;
a plurality of selective couplers operatively coupled to the plurality of planetary gearsets, each of the plurality of selective couplers having an engaged configuration and a disengaged configuration, the plurality of selective couplers including a first number of clutches and a second number of brakes, the first number being equal to the second number; and
an output member accessible proximate the second end of the housing and operatively coupled to the input member through the plurality of planetary gearsets, the output member being fixedly coupled to the ring gear of the second planetary gearset and the planet carrier of the fourth planetary gearset, wherein the input member is operatively coupled to the plurality of planetary gearsets only through a subset of the first number of clutches, the first number of clutches including a first clutch, a second clutch, and a third clutch, the subset including the first clutch and the second clutch, wherein
the first clutch, when engaged, fixedly couples the input member to a first group of the plurality of planetary gearsets; and
the second clutch, when engaged, fixedly couples the input member to a second group of the plurality of planetary gearsets.

US Pat. No. 10,364,866

GEAR DEVICE

NABTESCO CORPORATION, To...

1. A gear device, comprising:a carrier having:
a first member; and
a second member opposed to the first member in a direction of a rotation axis;
a crankshaft configured to cause relative rotation between an outer cylinder and the carrier about the rotation axis;
an insertion pin inserted into the first member and the second member; and
a restriction member configured to restrict movement of the insertion pin,
wherein the insertion pin is housed in such a manner as to extend from a first hole over to a second hole, the first hole formed in the first member so as to extend through the first member, the second hole formed in the second member so as to correspond to the first hole,
at least one of the first hole and the second hole has such a shape as to restrict movement of the insertion pin toward the second hole in the rotation axis direction, and
wherein the restriction member is mounted in the first member so as to restrict movement of the insertion pin toward the first hole in the rotation axis direction,
wherein the second member has a substrate portion located away from the first member and a shaft portion protruding from the substrate portion toward the first member and having the second hole formed therein,
a female screw hole is formed in the restriction member side of the insertion pin,
wherein the female screw hole extends within a thickness of the first member in the rotation axis direction, and
a section of the insertion pin which fits within a thickness range of the shaft portion in the rotation axis direction is formed to be solid with no hole formed on an inner side thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,364,861

VALVE ARRANGEMENT

1. A valve arrangement for a shock absorber, said valve arrangement comprising:a valve housing comprising a first and a second port;
a main valve member arranged in said valve housing and having a radial hole; and
a control valve member being movable in an axial direction relative said main valve member in response to an actuating force acting on said control valve member to restrict a first damping fluid flow between said first and second port,
wherein said control valve member comprises at least a first radial hole and a second radial hole at an axial distance from each other being fluidly connected to each other and allowing said first flow of said damping fluid between said first and second port via said main valve member 's radial hole,
wherein said main valve member comprises a first recess at the radial inner end of said radial hole along the main valve members ' inner circumference forming an outer volume for holding a damping fluid, so as to spread pressurized damping fluid flowing between said first and second port around substantially the entire circumference of the control valve member, and
wherein said first flow of damping medium is controlled through the axial position of said first radial hole relative an edge of said outer volume so as to restrict the flow when reducing the orifice of said first radial hole,
wherein said main valve member is axially movably arranged in said valve housing and being arranged to interact with a main valve seat of said valve housing in order to restrict a main damping fluid flow between said first and second ports.

US Pat. No. 10,364,859

BUSH FOR VEHICLE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A bush for a vehicle, comprising:a cylindrical member;
a substantially cylindrical rubber member provided inside or outside the cylindrical member; and
a substantially cylindrical metal spring member inserted between the cylindrical member and the rubber member, wherein
a gap portion for allowing the metal spring member to be elastically deformed in a radial direction of the metal spring member is provided between the cylindrical member and the metal spring member,
wherein a spring constant of the rubber member and a spring constant of the metal spring member are set in a relationship that: in a vibration frequency area lower than a predetermined vibration frequency, the spring constant of the metal spring member is higher than the spring constant of the rubber member; and in a vibration frequency area higher than the predetermined vibration frequency, the spring constant of the rubber member is higher than the spring constant of the metal spring member.

US Pat. No. 10,364,852

APPARATUS EMPLOYING SHEAR FORCES TO TRANSMIT ENERGY HAVING FLOW ALTERING STRUCTURES CONFIGURED TO INCREASE HEAT REJECTION FROM A WORKING FLUID AND RELATED METHOD

BorgWarner Inc., Auburn ...

38. A method comprising:providing an apparatus having an outer housing assembly, a disk and a reservoir, the outer housing assembly having a working cavity, the disk being rotatable in the outer housing assembly, the disk having a rotor portion that is rotatably received in the working cavity, the working cavity being in fluid communication with the reservoir;
rotating the rotor within the outer housing assembly to generate a flow of a working fluid through the working cavity and to apply a shear force to the working fluid flowing through working cavity; and
inducing movement of the working fluid at a plurality of locations on the outer housing assembly in a direction that is transverse to a boundary layer of the working fluid that is adjacent to a first surface formed on the outer housing assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,364,851

LATCHING CLUTCH HAVING A BALL DETENT LATCHING DEVICE REQUIRING A REDUCED AMOUNT OF HYDRAULIC PRESSURE

BorgWarner Inc., Auburn ...

1. In a power-transmitting device (10) for securing and releasing driving continuity between driving and driven parts (22, 62) through a clutch assembly having at least one disk stack (26, 66), the power-transmitting device (10) having an apply plate (36) axially moveable with respect to the at least one disk stack (26, 66) for engaging and disengaging the clutch assembly, the improvement comprising:a return spring (34) acting on the apply plate (36), wherein the apply plate (36) directly contacts the return spring (34);
an apply spring (32) having a higher compression force than the return spring (34), the apply spring (32) and the return spring (34) located between the apply plate (36) and at least one disk stack (26, 66);
at least one ball (38) engageable with a portion of the apply plate (36) for locking the apply plate (36) in engagement with the at least one disk stack (26, 66) during a steady state condition; and
a piston (40) for driving the at least one ball (38) into engagement with the apply plate (36) in response to application of fluid under pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,364,850

CLUTCH MECHANISM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A clutch mechanism, comprising:a gear including clutch teeth;
a housing having cylindrical axial holes, including displaceable circular cylindrical pins, each pin axially slidable within a respective one of the holes;
a plate including second teeth, the pins axially displaceable relative to the plate, with axial displacement of the pins causing axial displacement of the plate relative to the gear and the housing, and engagement of the second teeth with the clutch teeth.

US Pat. No. 10,364,849

CONSTANT-VELOCITY JOINT

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A constant-velocity joint comprising:an outer joint member in a shape of a bottomed tube that is open on one side in an axial direction, the outer joint member having first outer ball grooves and second outer ball grooves provided in an inner peripheral surface of the outer joint member;
an inner joint member disposed inside the outer joint member, the inner joint member having first inner ball grooves and second inner ball grooves provided in an outer peripheral surface of the inner joint member;
balls disposed between the first outer ball grooves and the first inner ball grooves and between the second outer ball grooves and the second inner ball grooves; and
a cage disposed between the outer joint member and the inner joint member, the cage having cage pockets configured to store the balls, wherein
each of the first inner ball grooves has a first inner large-diameter portion configured such that the corresponding one of the balls rolls on the first inner large-diameter portion,
each of the second inner ball grooves has a second inner large-diameter portion and as inner extension portion, the second inner large-diameter portion being configured such that the corresponding one of the balls rolls on the second inner large-diameter portion, and the inner extension portion extending from the second inner large-diameter portion toward a bottom of the outer joint member,
each of the first outer ball grooves has a first outer large-diameter portion configured such that the corresponding one of the balls is rollably supported between the first outer large-diameter portion and the corresponding one of the first inner ball grooves,
each of the second outer ball grooves has a second outer large-diameter portion and an outer extension portion, the second outer large-diameter portion being configured such that the corresponding one of the balls is rollably supported between the second outer large-diameter portion and the corresponding one of the second inner ball grooves, the outer extension portion extending from the second outer large-diameter portion toward an opening of the outer joint member, the outer extension portion being configured such that the corresponding one of the balls is supported so as to be rollable between the outer extension portion and the inner extension portion, and the outer extension portion constituting a part of an opening-side end portion of the outer joint member,
a center locus of the corresponding one of the balls rolling on the first outer large-diameter portion has an arc shape having an arc center at a position that is on an opposite side of a central axis of the outer joint member from the first outer large-diameter portion, and that is closer to the opening of the outer joint member than a joint center is,
a center locus of the corresponding one of the balls rolling on the second outer large-diameter portion has an are shape having an arc center at a position that is on an opposite side of the central axis of the outer joint member from the second outer large-diameter portion, and that is closer to the bottom of the outer joint member than the joint center is,
a center locus of the corresponding one of the balls rolling on the outer extension portion is positioned, throughout a length of the center locus, in a region including a tangent line to an opening-side end portion of the center locus of the corresponding one of the balls rolling on the second outer large-diameter portion, the opening-side end portion being on an opening side of the outer joint member, and the region being positioned outward of the tangent line in a radial direction of the outer joint member, and
an opening-side end portion of the center locus of the corresponding one of the balls rolling on the outer extension portion, the opening-side end portion of the center locus being on the opening side of the outer joint member, is positioned outward of the tangent line in the radial direction of the outer joint member.

US Pat. No. 10,364,848

HELICAL DRIVE COUPLING

Bell Helicopter Textron, ...

1. A drive coupling, comprising:first and second coaxial end adapters;
a first set of at least two coaxial helical elements, a first end of each element being attached to the first end adapter, a second end of each element being coupled to the second end adapter;
elastomeric material located between at least some of the helical elements; and
at least one biasing device for biasing the end adapters relative to each other;
wherein torque applied to one of the end adapters is transferred through the first set of helical elements to the other end adapter, the helical elements allowing for misalignment of the end adapters during operation.

US Pat. No. 10,364,846

SEAL RUNNER

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A seal runner system comprising:a seal runner disposed circumferentially around a shaft and comprising an outer annular member comprising a seal land configured to mechanically interface with a seal;
an air cavity disposed facially about an annulus of a face of the seal runner and covered by a heat shield;
a bearing disposed circumferentially around the shaft, wherein the bearing abuts a snap portion of an inner annular member of the seal runner; and
a bearing nut disposed circumferentially around the shaft at a position axially abutting the bearing, the bearing nut being configured to retain the bearing and the seal runner in fixed axial position with respect to the shaft, whereby the bearing and the seal runner are prevented from traveling axially in the aft direction,
wherein the outer annular member and the seal extend axially above and radially overlapping the bearing, and
wherein the bearing lies between the outer annular member and the shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,364,845

TAPERED ROLLER BEARING

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A tapered roller bearing comprising:an outer ring that has a first raceway surface on an inner peripheral surface of the outer ring;
an inner ring that has a second raceway surface on an outer peripheral surface of the inner ring and that is disposed coaxially with the outer ring;
a plurality of tapered rollers disposed in a space between the first raceway surface and the second raceway surface; and
a lubricating oil holding member fixed to an end portion of the outer ring on one side in an axial direction, wherein
the lubricating oil holding member includes
a tubular portion formed in a shape of a cylinder that extends in the axial direction, and fixed to an end portion of the outer ring on one side in the axial direction, of two end portions of the outer ring in the axial direction,
an annular portion formed in a shape of a circular ring that extends in a radial direction, an end portion of the annular portion on an outer side in the radial direction being connected to an end portion of the tubular portion on one side in the axial direction, and
a projecting portion that projects radially inward from an inner peripheral surface of the annular portion in the radial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,364,844

SLIDING MEMBER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A sliding member, comprising:a base;
a coating layer formed on the base; and
an intermediate layer that is formed in at least a part of an interface between the base and the coating layer and comprises at least an intermetallic compound layer,
wherein the coating layer includes a particle aggregate containing first particles of a precipitation-hardening copper alloy including a precipitation phase.

US Pat. No. 10,364,843

METHODS UTILIZING A BEARING ASSEMBLY HAVING ENHANCED SELECTED SUPPORT FOR NONUNIFORM LOADS

US SYNTHETIC CORPORATION,...

20. A method of operating a bearing apparatus; the bearing apparatus included in a system having a shaft operably coupled to the bearing apparatus; the bearing apparatus including a first bearing assembly and a second bearing assembly; the method comprising:rotating the shaft to cause engagement of the second bearing assembly with the first bearing assembly, the second bearing assembly including:
a plurality of polycrystalline diamond bearing elements distributed about an axis, each of the plurality of polycrystalline diamond bearing elements having a polycrystalline diamond material including a polycrystalline diamond bearing surface;
a reinforced portion that has a span angle defined by two reference lines intersecting at the axis, wherein a reinforced polycrystalline diamond bearing surface area is defined by each polycrystalline diamond bearing surface entirely within the span angle and any portion of any other polycrystalline diamond bearing surface partially within the first span angle; and
an unreinforced portion defined by a vertical angle of the span angle, wherein an unreinforced portion polycrystalline diamond bearing surface area is defined by each polycrystalline diamond bearing surface entirely within the vertical angle and any portion of any other polycrystalline diamond bearing surface partially within the vertical angle;
wherein the reinforced polycrystalline diamond bearing surface area is at least 8% greater than the unreinforced polycrystalline diamond bearing surface area; and
supporting a first portion of a total load by the reinforced portion and a second portion of the total load by the unreinforced portion.

US Pat. No. 10,364,841

LINEAR MOTION GUIDE DEVICE AND END CAP FOR LINEAR MOTION GUIDE DEVICE

NSK Ltd., Tokyo (JP)

1. A linear motion guiding device comprising:a guide rail;
a slider; and
a plurality of balls, wherein
the slider is provided at an outside of the guide rail;
the guide rail and the slider face with each other and respectively include, at mutually facing positions, a raceway groove to form a raceway of the balls, and both of the raceway grooves extend in a longer direction of the guide rail;
the slider includes a slider main body and a pair of end caps;
the raceway groove and a return path of the balls are formed to the slider main body, and a direction changing passage of the balls is formed to the end cap;
the balls are provided in a circulation pathway including the raceway, the return path, and the direction changing passage;
an are groove configured to form an outer peripheral surface of the direction changing passage is formed in a side facing the slider main body of the end cap;
a tongue unit configured to scoop up the balls from the raceway and guide the balls to the direction changing passage is formed to an end of a side of the raceway of the arc groove;
a distal end surface of the tongue unit includes a plane perpendicular to a direction along the raceway and a circular-arc surface configured to cave into an arc shape from the plane;
a curvature radius of the circular-arc surface is smaller than a radius of the balls;
a center of a circle indicating a curvature of the circular-arc surface is present on a line shifted from a groove bottom line of the arc groove by at least an offset amount between the raceway groove of a side of the guide rail and the raceway groove of a side of the slider; and
via the balls rolling within the raceway m a load state, the slider linearly moves along the guide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,364,839

BEARING ASSEMBLY

1. A bearing assembly configured to rotatably support a first machine part in a second machine part, the bearing assembly comprising:a first rolling-element bearing; and
a second rolling-element bearing,
wherein the first rolling-element bearing and the second rolling-element bearing are installed in the bearing assembly with an axial preload or an axial clearance,
wherein the second machine part includes a first conical abutment surface and the first rolling-element bearing includes a bearing ring having a second conical abutment surface facing the first conical abutment surface of the second machine part,
wherein an intermediate ring is disposed between the first conical abutment surface and the second conical abutment surface in abutment with the first and second conical abutment surfaces,
wherein the bearing ring comprises a first metal and the second machine part comprises a second metal,
wherein the intermediate ring comprises a material having a higher coefficient of thermal expansion than a coefficient of thermal expansion of the first metal and higher than a coefficient of thermal expansion of the second metal, and
wherein a cone angle (?1) of the first conical abutment surface is greater than a cone angle (?2) of the second conical abutment surface.

US Pat. No. 10,364,834

DISSIMILAR MATERIAL JOINING STRUCTURE AND PRODUCING METHOD OF DISSIMILAR MATERIAL JOINED BODY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A dissimilar material joining structure comprising:a resin member having a plate shape, the resin member including a hole extending through the resin member;
a metallic member having a plate shape, the metallic member including a portion that faces the hole and an outer circumference of the hole; and
a metallic rivet including: a shaft disposed within the hole, the shaft having an axial direction extending in a plate thickness direction of the resin member; and a head integral with a first end in the axial direction of the shaft, the head disposed outside the hole,
wherein
the rivet is configured such that a brim portion of the head is in contact with a surface of the resin member, a second end in the axial direction of the shaft is joined to the metallic member via a weld, and the brim portion holds the resin member between the brim portion and the metallic member,
the shaft includes: a pillar extending from a center of the head; an enlarged diameter portion that is continuous with the pillar and having a diameter greater than a diameter of the pillar; and a punching portion joined to the metallic member via the weld,
the hole includes: a small-diameter hole portion that is adjacent to an outer circumference of the pillar, the small-diameter hole portion having an inner diameter equal to the diameter of the enlarged diameter portion; and a large-diameter hole portion that is adjacent to an outer circumference of the punching portion, the large-diameter hole portion having an inner diameter greater than the diameter of the enlarged diameter portion,
and
an entire outer circumference of the shaft is separated from an entire inner circumferential surface of the hole by a radially-extending gap.

US Pat. No. 10,364,833

FIXING BAND FOR CONSTANT-VELOCITY UNIVERSAL JOINT BOOT

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A fastening band for a constant velocity universal joint boot, the fastening band comprising a steel plate plated with a plating layer as a base material,the plating layer being a zinc-aluminum-magnesium alloy in which aluminum and magnesium are added to zinc, and having a composition in which aluminum is contained by 4.0 to 14.0 mass % and magnesium is set to 1.0 to 10.0 mass %, thereby
the plating layer has a self-repairing function of forming a zinc series protective film containing aluminum and magnesium on a plating peeling part with a component dissolved from the plating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,364,832

ACTUATOR

AIRBUS OPERATIONS LIMITED...

1. An actuator comprising:an actuator body,
a piston relatively moveable within the actuator body, and
a rod attached to the piston and extending out of a first end of the actuator body, the actuator body comprising a first port passage and a second port passage for conveying actuator fluid to or from the actuator body to effect relative movement of the piston and rod with respect to the actuator body, wherein the actuator also has:
a damping control portion provided with damping control fluid containing magnetic particles, wherein the piston or the rod is adjacent the damping control fluid, and
a first electrical coil disposed around the first port passage, a second electrical coil disposed around the second port passages, wherein the first and the second electrical coils are disposed on an exterior of the actuator body and associated with the damping control portion, such that an electrical current supplied to the first or second electrical coils induces a magnetic field over the damping control fluid and causes the effective viscosity of the damping control fluid to increase, thus increasing the damping effect of the damping control fluid on the piston or rod, wherein the piston or rod is provided with a magnet and an inducer coil is provided around the actuator body, such that relative movement of the piston or rod within the actuator body induces an electrical current in the inducer coil, wherein the induced electrical current is supplied to the first electrical coil.

US Pat. No. 10,364,831

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AIR MANAGEMENT OF AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS

General Electric Company,...

6. A method of operating an integrated air management system (AMS) comprising:a first pressurized fluid source of relatively higher pressure air;
a second pressurized fluid source of relatively lower pressure air than the first pressurized fluid source; and
a jet pump assembly comprising a motive air inlet, a plurality of suction inlets, and a single outlet;
a supply source comprising:
a first conduit configured to channel the relatively higher pressure air through a jet pump shutoff valve (JPSOV) to the motive air inlet;
a second conduit configured to channel the relatively higher pressure air to at least one of the plurality of suction inlets through a high-pressure shutoff valve (HPSOV); and
a third conduit configured to channel the relatively lower pressure air to at least one of the plurality of suction inlets; and
an outlet channeling outlet air from said jet pump assembly to a downstream AMS, said method comprising:
generating a flow of distribution air using at least one of a flow of relatively higher pressure air and a flow of relatively lower pressure air;
channeling the flow of distribution air to the supply source;
controlling a relative flow of the relatively higher pressure air with respect to the flow of relatively lower pressure air to maintain an efficiency of the integrated AMS at a first efficiency level using the JPSOV and HPSOV;
receiving a demand signal; and
controlling the relative flow of the relatively higher pressure air flow with respect to the flow of relatively lower pressure air to maintain an efficiency of the integrated AMS at a second efficiency level using the JPSOV and HPSOV based on the received demand signal.

US Pat. No. 10,364,830

PUMP DEVICE FOR CONVERTING ROTATION INTO FLUID FLOW

Spira Energy AB, Stening...

1. An apparatus for converting rotation into fluid flow, comprising:a first fluid conduit extending from a first open end to a second open end of the first fluid conduit, said first fluid conduit being coiled around a first axis of rotation;
a second fluid conduit extending from a first open end to a second open end of the second fluid conduit, said second fluid conduit being coiled around a second axis of rotation;
a rotor coupled to said first fluid conduit and to said second fluid conduit in such a way that rotation of said rotor causes said first fluid conduit to rotate around said first axis of rotation and said second fluid conduit to rotate around said second axis of rotation;
a first fluid separator for separating a first fluid having a first density from a second fluid having a second density different from said first density, said first fluid separator being in fluid flow communication with the second open end of said first fluid conduit, and in fluid flow communication with the first open end of said second fluid conduit; and
an outlet allowing extraction of said first fluid from said first fluid separator,
wherein said first fluid separator is configured in such a way that, during rotation of said rotor in a first direction of rotation, first mass portions of said first fluid and second mass portions of said second fluid are alternatingly transported from the first open end towards the second open end of said first fluid conduit, third mass portions of said first fluid and fourth mass portions of said second fluid are alternatingly transported from the first open end towards the second open end of the second fluid conduit,
wherein a ratio between each of said first mass portions and each of said second mass portions is greater than a ratio between each of said third mass portions and each of said fourth mass portions.

US Pat. No. 10,364,829

VACUUM PUMP

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A vacuum pump, comprising:a housing including an inlet port;
a rotor part in the housing, the rotor part including:
a recess part through an upper portion of the rotor part, the recess part facing the inlet port, and
a plurality of rotating blades external to the recess part;
a rotating shaft extending into the recess part; and
a capping part overlapping the rotating shaft and covering the recess part, the inlet port of the housing overlapping an entire width of the capping part,
wherein the rotor part further includes exhaust holes external to the recess part and extending from the recess part among the plurality of rotating blades, longitudinal directions of the exhaust holes extending in a plane parallel to a bottom of the recess part.

US Pat. No. 10,364,828

VARIABLE STATOR VANE MECHANISM

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

1. A variable stator vane mechanism for adjusting a mounting angle of a stator vane of an axial flow compressor, the variable stator vane mechanism comprising:an arm coupled to the stator vane;
a rotation ring coupled to one end portion of the arm and located at an outer surface of a casing of the axial flow compressor;
a driving machine configured to rotate the rotation ring to cause the stator vane to pivot via the arm; and
a friction pad detachably mounted on the casing by the use of a fastening member,
wherein the rotation ring is in frictional contact with the friction pad, and
wherein the friction pad is formed with a plurality of grooves extending parallel to each other from an anterior side of the friction pad to a center portion of the friction pad so that the friction pad can be inserted and pulled out in a direction parallel to the grooves when the fastening member is loosened.

US Pat. No. 10,364,827

GUIDE VANE RING, GUIDE VANE, INNER RING AND TURBOMACHINE

MTU Aero Engines AG, Mun...

1. An adjustable guide vane ring of a turbomachine, with a plurality of guide vanes forming a row of guide vanes and with an inner ring for stabilizing the row of guide vanes, wherein the guide vanes each have a radially outer adjusting pin relative to a lengthwise axis of the guide vane ring, the radially outer adjusting pin being adjustable, and wherein the guide vanes, each with a radially inner vane disk, are directly taken up in bearing recesses of the inner ring and being in direct communication with the inner ring with no bushes residing between the radially inner vane disk and the inner ring, wherein the radially inner vane disks have no bearing pin and act as bearing pins, the radially inner vane disks and/or the bearing recesses are coated on their bearing surfaces, and the guide vanes have an overhang on a side of a back edge past the radially inner vane disks, and a radial height of the radially inner vane disks increases downstream of a primary flow and the radial height of the radially inner vane disks upstream is between 15% and 30% of a diameter of the radially inner vane disks.

US Pat. No. 10,364,826

INLET GUIDE VANE MECHANISM

CARRIER CORPORATION, Far...

1. An inlet guide vane assembly, comprising:a plurality of vane subassemblies configured to rotate relative to a blade ring housing to control a volume of air flowing there through; and
a plurality of independently operable drive mechanisms, each of the plurality of drive mechanisms being operably coupled to one of the plurality of vane subassemblies such that each of the vane subassemblies is rotatable about a respective axis independently.

US Pat. No. 10,364,825

CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR AND TURBOCHARGER

IHI Corporation, Koto-ku...

1. A centrifugal compressor comprising:a housing including a suction passage inside thereof;
a wheel accommodated inside the suction passage; and
a flow changing groove that is formed on an inner wall of the suction passage and extends in a rotation direction of the wheel, wherein
a boundary part that continuously connects a groove wall of the flow changing groove and the inner wall of the suction passage includes an upstream boundary part and a downstream boundary part positioned downstream from the upstream boundary part in a circulation direction of suction gas,
the upstream boundary part is positioned on an upstream side of the groove wall in the circulation direction and inward of the downstream boundary part in a radial direction of the wheel, and
the downstream boundary part is positioned on a downstream side of the groove wall and upstream from the wheel in the circulation direction.

US Pat. No. 10,364,824

ADAPTER STRUCTURE FOR VENTILATING FAN

PANASONIC ECOLOGY SYSTEMS...

1. A ventilating fan, comprising:a casing having an air outlet; and
an adapter structure adapted to be mounted to the air outlet of the casing of the ventilating fan, the adapter structure comprising:
an adapter having an air inlet and an air outlet;
an air guide structure having an air inlet and an air outlet, a circumferential wall of the air guide structure being configured to fluidly isolate an airflow path between the air inlet and the air outlet of the air guide structure from a space around and outside of the circumferential wall such that the air introduced from the air inlet of the air guide structure can only flow out from the air outlet of the air guide structure, and, the air inlet of the air guide structure having a same shape as that of the air outlet of the casing, and
a mounting structure for mounting the air guide structure within the adapter, wherein
the mounting structure comprises a first portion provided at an outer side of a flange of the air inlet of the air guide structure and a second portion provided on an inner wall of the adapter, wherein the first portion of the mounting structure and the second portion of the mounting structure are fixedly connected with each other such that the air guide structure is mounted and fixed to the adapter and the mounting structure is positioned between the air inlet of the air guide structure and the air inlet of the adapter so that no airflow will leak out from the mounting structure, and the mounting structure is located on an outer side of an airflow path from the air outlet of the casing through the air guide structure to the air outlet of the adapter such that the airflow will not collide against the mounting structure.

US Pat. No. 10,364,823

AIRFOIL BLADE

1. A fan blade of a gas turbine engine, comprising: an airfoil having a leading edge and a trailing edge, and a root with a platform and a blade fixing for engaging a fan hub, the fan blade being composed of a core substrate selected from the group consisting of composites and polymers, the entire outer surface of the airfoil and the root of the fan blade having a nanocrystalline metal outer layer thereon which forms an outer surface fully enveloping the fan blade, the nanocrystalline metal layer formed of a nanocrystalline metal coating having an average grain size of between 10 nm and 500 nm, the nanocrystalline metal outer layer forming a structural element of the fan blade.

US Pat. No. 10,364,822

BLADE FOR A VARIABLE PITCH FAN

FLEXXAIRE INC, Edmonton,...

1. A fan blade extending from a fan hub of a variable pitch fan of a diesel engine, the fan blade comprising:a shaft defining a pitching axis of rotation of the fan blade, and a single blade extending from the shaft, the blade having a blade mass and the blade defining a blade shape and a centre of mass; and
the blade being positioned relative to the shaft such that the centre of mass is sufficiently offset from the pitching axis of rotation that a pitching torque of the fan blade about the pitching axis of rotation is less than 90% of the pitching torque of a blade having the same blade mass and defining the same blade shape and centre of mass but positioned relative to the shaft such that the centre of mass is not offset from the pitching axis of rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,364,820

COMPRESSOR AND COMPRESSOR-MANUFACTURING METHOD

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. A compressor comprising:a casing including an upper half casing having an upper half casing-divided surface as a horizontal surface facing downward in a vertical direction and a lower half casing having a lower half casing-divided surface capable of abutting against the upper half casing-divided surface, the casing having a tubular shape with a first end and a second end that are open;
a bundle including an impeller rotatable about an axis, a plurality of diaphragms in which the impeller is accommodated and a flow path introducing a fluid to a flow path of the impeller is formed, and annular heads respectively fixed on the first end and the second end of the casing in an axial direction in which the axis extends with respect to the plurality of diaphragms and closing the first end and the second end of the casing, the bundle being accommodated in the casing;
a communication clearance seal portion sealing a communication clearance extending in the axial direction between an outer peripheral surface of one of the diaphragms and an inner peripheral surface of the casing such that a suction port through which the fluid flows in and a discharge port through which the fluid is discharged communicate with each other; and
a regulating portion provided in at least one of the casing and one of the annular heads and regulating a position of the one of the annular heads in the axial direction with respect to the casing, wherein
the communication clearance seal portion is an O ring;
a clearance seal attachment groove to which the communication clearance seal portion is attached is formed in the outer peripheral surface of the one of the diaphragms; and
the clearance seal attachment groove is tapered to become deeper toward a circumferential direction from at least one of an upper vertex of the one of the diaphragms in the vertical direction and a lower vertex of the one of the diaphragms in the vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,364,818

CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR AND TURBOCHARGER

IHI Corporation, Koto-ku...

1. A centrifugal compressor, comprising:a compressor wheel fixed to an end portion of a rotating shaft;
a compressor housing configured to accommodate the compressor wheel;
a wall surface in the compressor housing, the wall surface forming an air intake space extending on an extension line of the rotating shaft and located on a front side of the compressor wheel;
a downstream-side flow passage provided radially outward of the rotating shaft, configured to guide fluid sucked from the air intake space and compressed by the compressor wheel, to the outside of the compressor housing;
a return flow passage provided with a first end and a second end, the first end opened to the downstream-side flow passage, and the second end opened to the wall surface of the compressor housing, the return flow passage configured to circulate the fluid guided by the downstream-side flow passage, from the downstream-side flow passage to the air intake space; and
an introduction portion provided in the air intake space, including:
an outer peripheral surface brought into contact with the wall surface of the compressor housing on an upstream end side of the outer peripheral surface in a flowing direction of the fluid, and
an inner peripheral surface forming a flow passage to guide fluid from the outside of the compressor housing into the air intake space, a downstream end of the inner peripheral surface in the flowing direction of the fluid being located radially inward of the wall surface of the compressor housing on which the second end of the return flow passage is opened; and
a ring-shaped passage circularly extending in a rotational direction of the rotating shaft between the outer peripheral surface and the wall surface of the compressor housing, wherein
the wall surface of the compressor housing includes a tapered portion extending downstream from the second end of the return flow passage, and
at least part of the second end of the return flow passage overlaps with the introduction portion and the ring-shaped passage when viewed from a radial direction of the shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,364,815

DOWNHOLE BLOWER SYSTEM WITH INTEGRATED CONSTRUCTION

Upwing Energy, LLC, Cerr...

1. A blower system comprising:a stator comprising:
a plurality of stator sub-assemblies arranged on a longitudinal axis and comprising a plurality of stator vanes; and
a plurality of electric machine windings attached to the respective plurality of stator vanes;
a rotor positioned and carried to rotate within the stator about the longitudinal axis, the rotor comprising:
a plurality of vane sections, each comprising a plurality of rotor vanes;
a plurality of magnetic sections arranged between the plurality of vane sections, the plurality of stator vanes and the plurality of rotor vanes configured to drive a fluid between the stator and the rotor when the rotor is rotated within the stator.

US Pat. No. 10,364,814

VACUUM PUMP

Edwards Japan Limited, C...

1. A vacuum pump comprising:a rotor enclosed in a pump case;
a rotating shaft fixed to the rotor;
a supporting means that rotatably supports the rotating shaft;
a driving means that rotates the rotating shaft; and
a thread-groove-exhaust-portion stator that forms a thread grove exhaust passage between the thread-groove-exhaust-portion stator and an outer circumferential side of or an inner circumferential side of the rotor, wherein
a heating portion is provided below the thread-groove-exhaust-portion stator,
the heating portion includes a yoke, a coil, and a heating plate in contact with the thread groove exhaust portion stator, the yoke is disposed in a heater spacer,
the heater spacer is formed by a member formed by a different material from the yoke, and
the yoke and the heating plate in contact with the thread groove exhaust portion stator, are heated with electromagnetic induction heating by eddy current generated in the yoke and the heating plate by feeding an alternating current to the coil.

US Pat. No. 10,364,812

DOMESTIC APPLIANCE COMPRISING AN ACTUATOR

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A domestic appliance comprising:a base frame;
an actuator provided with a drive member and arranged for reciprocating movement of the drive member;
a rigid sub frame, wherein the actuator is mounted on the rigid sub frame; and
a resilient member that comprises at least one elastomer mount arranged between the rigid sub frame and the base frame for moveably mounting the rigid sub frame at the base frame, wherein an interior portion of the at least one elastomer mount is constructed and arranged to allow both (i) deflection in an x,y direction for lateral movement of the rigid sub frame in a plane parallel to the base frame and (ii) rotation in a plane of the rigid sub frame for rotation of the rigid sub frame around an axis of rotation transverse to the plane of the base frame, wherein the at least one elastomer mount further comprises a disc shaped elastomer mount and the interior portion comprises the disc shaped elastomer mount with a portion of material removed from an interior of the disc shaped elastomer mount of a length L, between a first point of the elastomer mount where the elastomer mount rests on the base frame and a second point of the elastomer mount where on the rigid sub frame rests, and in which a distance d along a horizontal cross-section, between a side of the elastomer mount and the base frame, is sufficiently large, together with length L, allows both (i) the deflection of the disc shaped elastomer mount in the x,y direction and (ii) the rotation of the disc shaped elastomer mount in the plane of the rigid sub frame.

US Pat. No. 10,364,811

DOMESTIC APPLIANCE COMPRISING AN ACTUATOR

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A domestic appliance comprising:a base frame,
an actuator connected to the base frame,
the actuator being provided with a drive member,
the actuator being arranged for reciprocating movement of the drive member at a reciprocating frequency (fr), wherein the domestic appliance further comprises a first leaf spring and a second leaf spring, the first leaf spring being connected at a first end of the actuator at a first end surface in an axial direction along a direction of a movement of the drive member, the first leaf spring being connected at a second end to the base frame at a first interface,
wherein first leaf spring extends perpendicular to the axial direction of the actuator, the second leaf spring being connected at a first end to the actuator at a second end surface of the actuator, opposite said first distal end surface, the second leaf spring being connected at a second end to the base frame at a second interface, whereby the second leaf spring extends perpendicular to the axial direction of the actuator, the first and second leaf springs enabling the actuator to move in a direction opposite to a direction of the movement of the drive member,
wherein the end portions of the first and second leaf springs that are connected to the actuator conform to a U-shape,
wherein the drive member causes reaction forces of the actuator to act on the first and second leaf springs to deflect the first and second leaf springs in a longitudinal direction opposite the movement of the drive member, in addition to the actuator forces deflecting the first and second leaf springs in the horizontal direction, the reaction forces further cause a residual widening of the opening of the U-shape of the first and second leaf springs from an initial substantially bent shape towards a straight line shape,
the actuator, the drive member and the leaf springs together forming a mass spring system having a natural frequency (fn) wherein a stiffness of the leaf springs is adapted so that a ratio between the reciprocating frequency (fr) and the natural frequency (fn) is at least ?2 but no more than 10,
wherein the first and second leaf springs comprise respective first and second attachment surfaces formed in a first lea of the U-shape, wherein the first and second attachment surfaces are attached to the first and second end surfaces of the actuator, respectively, via a first elastomer member positioned directly between the first attachment surface and the first end surface of the actuator, and via a second elastomer member positioned directly between the second attachment surface and the second end surface of the actuator,
wherein the base frame comprises a first flexible tube and the first flexible tube comprises a corrugated tube having a flexibility for reducing transmission of vibrations from the actuator to the base frame,
wherein dimensions of the leaf springs depend on a mass of the actuator member, the reciprocating frequency (fr), a Young's modulus of a material of the leaf springs and a maximal allowed amplitude of the movement of the actuator in the base frame.

US Pat. No. 10,364,810

RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR, COMPRESSION SECTION UNIT, AND MAINTENANCE METHOD OF RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe-s...

1. A reciprocating compressor comprising:a compression section which compresses gas;
a crank section which is separate from the compression section and which has a crankshaft and a head case; and
at least one first fastener for fastening the compression section to the crank section,
wherein the compression section comprises:
a wall body portion which includes a cylinder;
a cylinder head attached to the cylinder;
a piston which reciprocates within the cylinder;
a piston rod coupled to the crankshaft by at least one second fastener provided within the head case, wherein the piston rod is also coupled to the piston to drive the piston when the crankshaft is rotated;
at least one sealing member fixed to the wall body portion and disposed at the circumference of the piston rod,
wherein the wall body portion has a substantially plate-shaped boundary wall whose plate surfaces extend transverse to the length of the piston rod, one plate surface of the substantially plate-shaped boundary wall comprising boundary with the crank section when the compression section and the crank section are fastened by the at least one first fastener and further comprising a division surface when the crank section and the compression section are separated from one another, and the other plate surface of the substantially plate-shaped boundary wall being at the side of the boundary wall which is opposite to the crank section, the boundary wall being fixed to the crank section by the at least one first fastener directly fixing the boundary wall and the head case of the crank section, and
a door in the head case at a location to expose the at least one second fastener such that a worker can access and remove the at least one second fastener via said door.

US Pat. No. 10,364,808

PUMPING SYSTEM FOR CHROMATOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS

Sanofi-Aventis Deutschlan...

1. A pumping system for compressible fluids, the pumping system comprising:a first pump having a first pump outlet,
a second pump having a second pump outlet, the second pump arranged in parallel with the first pump, wherein the first pump outlet and the second pump outlet merge in a junction which is in fluid communication with a main outlet; and
a controller to regulate an output pressure of the second pump on the basis of a measurement of an output pressure of the first pump such that the output pressure of the second pump is kept below the output pressure of the first pump and wherein a maximum flow volume of the second pump is less than 20% of a maximum flow volume of the first pump.

US Pat. No. 10,364,807

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ACTUATING AN ELECTRICALLY COMMUTATED FLUID WORKING MACHINE

1. A method for actuating a fluid working machine, wherein the fluid working machine has at least one working chamber with a cyclically varying volume, a high-pressure fluid connection, a low-pressure fluid connection, at least one electrically actuable valve for actuably connecting the high-pressure fluid connection or the low-pressure fluid connection to the working chamber, comprising the steps of:actuating the at least one electrically actuable valve depending on a fluid requirement and/or a mechanical power requirement,
actuating the at least one electrically actuable valve additionally depending on an electrical power required for actuating the at least one electrically actuable valve,
comparing the required electrical power with a soft electrical power limit, a hard electrical power limit or both the soft electrical power limit and the hard electrical power limit,
if the required electrical power is compared only to the hard power limit and is greater than the hard power limit, adjusting an actuation cycle of the fluid working machine,
if the required electrical power is compared only to the soft power limit and is greater than the soft power limit, actuating the at least one electrically actuable valve,
if the required electrical power is compared to both the hard power limit and the soft power limit and is greater than both the hard power limit and the soft power limit, adjusting an actuation cycle of the fluid working machine,
if the required electrical power is compared to both the hard power limit and the soft power limit and is greater than the soft electrical power limit and less than or equal to the hard power limit, actuating the at least one electrically actuable valve.

US Pat. No. 10,364,806

HYDROSTATIC PUMP BARREL WITH SLOPED KIDNEY PORTS

Parker-Hannifin Corporati...

1. A pump barrel for use in a hydrostatic pump assembly, comprising:a barrel body defining a plurality of piston bores configured for receiving a plurality of pistons that are moveable within the piston bores; and
a porting face that defines a plurality of ports that are in fluid communication with the piston bores and providing fluid flow paths into and out from the barrel body;
wherein edge surfaces of the ports are oriented at non-right angles relative to the porting face; and
wherein each port has a leading edge surface and a trailing edge surface relative to a direction of rotation of the pump barrel, and the leading edge surface is oriented at an acute angle of less than 90° relative to the porting face, and the trailing edge surface is oriented at an obtuse angle greater than 90° relative to the porting face.

US Pat. No. 10,364,805

BI-DIRECTIONAL ROTARY SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY ELEMENT ACTUATOR ASSEMBLIES, AND SYSTEMS AND METHODS INCLUDING THE SAME

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A bi-directional rotary shape memory alloy element actuator assembly, the actuator assembly comprising:a rotary actuator configured to generate a first torque in a first rotary direction and a second torque in a second rotary direction;
a rotary element coupled to the rotary actuator, wherein the rotary element has an angular position in an angular range of motion, and further wherein the rotary element is configured to:
(i) rotate in the first rotary direction responsive to receipt of the first torque from the rotary actuator; and
(ii) rotate in the second rotary direction responsive to receipt of the second torque from the rotary actuator;
an assist magnetic element; and
a receiver magnetic element mounted on the rotary element;
wherein the rotary actuator includes a shape memory alloy element configured to generate the first torque and the second torque; and wherein the assist magnetic element and the receiver magnetic element are configured to generate a magnetic force therebetween when the angular position of the rotary element is in a magnetic assist portion of the angular range of motion.

US Pat. No. 10,364,804

ELECTRIC FIELD ACTIVATION OF SHAPE MEMORY CERAMICS

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An actuator comprising:a shape memory ceramic capable of exhibiting a reversible martensitic phase transformation;
a first conductor; and
a second conductor;
wherein the first and second conductors are configured to apply an electric field to the shape memory ceramic.

US Pat. No. 10,364,803

MODULAR TOWER-TYPE SOLAR THERMAL POWER GENERATION SYSTEM

1. A modular tower solar thermal power generation system, comprising: a solar thermal collector device configured for collecting solar thermal energy, a heat exchanger connected to the solar thermal collector device and configured for producing steam, and a thermal power conversion device connected to the heat exchanger and configured for converting steam into electrical energy; wherein, the solar thermal collector device comprises a plurality of tower solar thermal modules;wherein, the plurality of tower solar thermal modules include a plurality of A-type tower solar thermal modules and a plurality of B-type tower solar thermal modules, the plurality of A-type tower solar thermal modules are all connected with the heat exchanger through a same centralized thermal storage unit configured to store thermal energy of heated thermal working medium, and each of the B-type tower solar thermal modules is connected to a distributed thermal storage unit configured to store thermal energy of heated thermal working medium, wherein,
some of the A-type tower solar thermal modules are configured to use molten salt as thermal working medium, others of the A-type tower solar thermal modules are configured to use steam as thermal working medium, and all the B-type tower solar thermal modules are configured to use molten salt as thermal working medium; and
all the A-type tower solar thermal modules using molten salt as thermal working medium are connected in parallel with the A-type tower solar thermal modules using steam as thermal working medium, the B-type tower solar thermal modules are connected in series with each other, and the A-type tower solar thermal modules are connected in parallel with the B-type tower solar thermal modules.

US Pat. No. 10,364,802

HEATING A WIND TURBINE FACILITY

ABB Schweiz, Baden (CH)

1. A method for heating a wind turbine facility, the method comprising:charging a DC link of an electrical converter connected with a wind turbine of the wind turbine facility;
heating air inside the wind turbine facility with heat generated by a voltage limiting unit interconnected with the DC ink, which comprises a resistor adapted for dissipating electrical energy into heat for reducing a voltage in the DC link, when the voltage is above a threshold voltage;
wherein the voltage limiting unit is controlled, such that the voltage limiting unit generates heat according to heating settings defined in a controller of the voltage limiting unit;
wherein heating settings are changed based upon commands from a user interface;
wherein the DC link is charged by a grid side converter of the wind turbine facility with power from an electrical grid.

US Pat. No. 10,364,801

REDUCING THE LOAD OF A WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE DURING INSTALLATION

1. A method of reducing a load of a rotor blade of a wind turbine during installation of the wind turbine, wherein the rotor blade comprises an aerodynamic device arranged at a surface of the rotor blade, of the method comprising:attaching a cover on the rotor blade such that at least a part of the aerodynamic device is covered by the cover;
lifting the rotor blade to a top of a tower of the wind turbine; and
detaching the cover from the rotor blade, wherein detaching the cover from the rotor blade comprises rotating the rotor with a rotor speed being high enough such that the cover flies off due to the centrifugal force acting on the cover during rotation of the rotor blade.

US Pat. No. 10,364,799

SECURE WINDFARM POWER PRODUCTION DURING A SCADA SYSTEM OFFLINE MODE

INVENTUS HOLDINGS, LLC, ...

6. A system for generating power comprising:a windfarm comprising a plurality of wind turbines, wherein each wind turbine comprises:
a controller that controls operations of a corresponding wind turbine;
a start button; and
a stop button;
a plurality of terminal interface units (TIUs), wherein each TIU is hard-wired to the start button and the stop button of a respective one of the plurality of wind turbines in the windfarm;
a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system that provides control commands to each turbine controller of the plurality of wind turbines in the windfarm to cause the windfarm to output power at a level within power parameters identified in a setpoint;
a backup system comprising a programmable logic controller (PLC) that:
receives turbine state information from the SCADA system that characterizes an operational state of each of the plurality of wind turbines;
detects that the SCADA system is offline; and
selectively provides start and stop commands to each of the plurality of TIUs to control the windfarm to output power at a level within the power parameters identified in the setpoint in response to the detecting.

US Pat. No. 10,364,798

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR WIND TURBINES FOR REDUCING DISTURBANCES IN AN ELECTRICAL GRID

1. A method comprising:transmitting a plurality of damping control signals from a plurality of damping controllers of a wind turbine, wherein torque variations are introduced on a shaft connecting a rotor and a generator of the wind turbine to compensate for structural oscillations of the wind turbine;
determining, responsive to the torque variations, disturbance information describing an electrical disturbance at a point of measurement between the wind turbine and the electrical grid;
determining a restriction value as a function of a disturbance value determined from the disturbance information; and
distributing the determined restriction value among the plurality of damping controllers, wherein distributing the determined restriction value comprises:
communicating a plurality of different restriction values to the different damping controllers,
wherein, for each of the different damping controllers, receiving the different restriction value configures the respective damping controller to reduce an amplitude of the torque variations introduced by the respective damping controller.

US Pat. No. 10,364,797

PARTIAL AND FULL LOAD CONTROLLERS OF A WIND TURBINE

1. A method for controlling a wind turbine, wherein the wind turbine comprises a rotor with at least one blade having a pitch angle which is controllable dependent on a pitch request, and a power generator connected to the rotor, the power generator having a power production which is controllable dependent on a generator request, wherein a generator speed of the generator is controllable via the pitch request and the generator request, the method comprising:controlling the generator speed by determining the generator request dependent on a first generator speed error determined dependent on a generator speed reference, the generator speed, and a first speed modification, wherein the generator request is determined by minimizing the first generator speed error, wherein the first speed modification is determined so that the generator speed approaches the generator speed reference for wind speeds below a rated wind speed, wherein the first speed modification is determined so that the generator request approaches a maximum generator request for wind speeds above the rated wind speed, wherein the maximum generator request is a partial load controller saturation limit, and wherein the first generator speed error is amplified by a variable first gain,
controlling the generator speed by determining the pitch request dependent on a second generator speed error determined dependent on the generator speed reference, the generator speed, and a second speed modification, wherein the pitch request is determined by minimizing the second generator speed error, wherein the second speed modification is determined so that the generator speed approaches the generator speed reference for wind speeds above the rated wind speed, wherein the second speed modification is determined so that the pitch request approaches a minimum pitch request for wind speeds below the rated wind speed, wherein the minimum pitch request is a full load controller saturation limit, and wherein the second generator speed error is amplified by a variable second gain, and
determining the variable first and second gains so that the first gain is greater than the second gain at least for some for wind speeds below the rated wind speed, so that the first gain is smaller than the second gain at least for some wind speeds above rated wind speed, and so that the first gain is equal to the second gain at least for a single wind speed in proximity of the rated wind speed.

US Pat. No. 10,364,796

CONTROL METHOD FOR A WIND TURBINE

17. A method of controlling a wind turbine, the method comprising:assigning one or more wake sectors to the wind turbine;
determining a wind direction and a wind speed at the wind turbine; and
controlling an output parameter of the wind turbine by:
when the wind direction is outside the one or more wake sectors, determining a pitch reference value for pitching one or more rotor blades of the wind turbine using a normal pitch schedule, wherein the normal pitch schedule comprises pitch reference values as a function of the wind speed and a first axial induction factor; and
when the wind direction is within a first wake sector of the one or more wake sectors, thereby indicating a wake influence by the wind turbine on one or more other wind turbines, determining a wake-dependent pitch reference value using a modified pitch schedule, wherein the modified pitch schedule comprises pitch reference values as a function of the wind speed and a second axial induction factor different than the first axial induction factor, and wherein determining the wake-dependent pitch reference value is performed independent of data describing a current operation of the one or more other wind turbines.

US Pat. No. 10,364,795

WIND TURBINE FOR USE IN HIGH WINDS

1. A wind turbine energy generation device, comprising:a windmill, said windmill comprising:
a horizontal main turbine shaft; said main turbine shaft comprising
a turbine shaft middle portion surrounded by a horizontal raceway,
a turbine shaft rear portion comprising a turbine shaft back end, and
a turbine shaft forward portion comprising a windward-facing turbine shaft front end, said turbine shaft forward portion extending forward of said raceway and said turbine shaft front end being a distal tip of said turbine shaft forward portion;
said raceway comprising a ring circumscribing a central interior space, said raceway ring having an outer surface and an interior surface, said central interior space being a raceway turbine blade area,
said raceway turbine blade area having a windward-facing front opening and a rearward-facing opening,
said raceway turbine blade area windward-facing front opening being circular and being characterised as having a first raceway diameter and said raceway turbine blade area rearward-facing opening being circular and being characterised as having a second raceway diameter;
said windmill further comprising a rotor; said rotor comprising three or more windmill blades arranged in a circular fashion, each windmill blade thus having two adjacent blades;
each said windmill blade comprising a blade root end adjacent said main turbine shaft and each windmill blade comprising a blade tip being an outer end of the windmill blade distal from said main turbine shaft;
said rotor further comprising a blade tip connector, said blade tip connector being a body coupled to the blade tip of each windmill blade and thereby connecting the blade tip of each windmill blade to its two adjacent windmill blades, said blade tip connector being selected from the group
consisting of:
a solid ring;
a ring of cable or chain; or else,
a plurality of sections of cable, ties, struts, chain, or combinations of cables, ties, struts or chains;
said wind turbine energy generation device further comprising:
a horizontal wind-channeling body having a windward-facing forward opening and a rearward-facing opening,
said wind-channeling body rearward-facing opening being connected with the windward-facing front opening of the raceway turbine blade area,
said wind-channeling body having a funnel-shape, said funnel-shape having either a constant slope or a changing slope;
said wind-channeling body being either a nozzle or a shroud;
said wind-channeling body being made of a material selected from the group consisting of metal, plastic, stiffened cloth, rigid fiber or combinations thereof;
said wind-channeling body windward-facing opening facing the same direction as the turbine shaft forward portion and said wind-channeling body rearward-facing opening facing the same direction as the turbine shaft rear portion;
said wind turbine energy generation device further comprising:
a plurality of raceway support bodies connecting the raceway to the turbine shaft forward portion,
said plurality of raceway support bodies comprising at least one of:
a raceway support strut, and
a raceway support cable,
said plurality of raceway support bodies providing structural support to said raceway and said main turbine shaft;
said wind turbine energy generation device further comprising:
a pedestal, said pedestal being a vertical or near-vertical shaft;
a pedestal base;
one or more primary generators located in or below said pedestal base, said one or more primary generators being capable of generating electricity;
said pedestal intersecting with the main turbine shaft such that rotation of the main turbine shaft causes transfer of rotational energy to said generators via said pedestal;
said windmill being elevated above said pedestal base by said pedestal;
said windmill further comprising blade spar struts each beginning at said turbine shaft front end and each extending to a strut-connection point on one windmill blade, each said strut-connection point being between each respective windmill blade tip and blade root,
said blade spar struts providing structural support to said windmill blades;
each said windmill blade being a partitioned blade comprising:
a blade spar which is a structural blade spar defining a central axis connecting each windmill blade root end to its respective windmill blade tip;
one or more blade ribs each affixed in place along said blade spar which protrude outward perpendicularly from said blade spar;
one or more blade sub-sections, each blade sub-section having multiple edges;
each blade sub-section having a first edge which is connected to the blade spar, a second edge which is connected to a blade rib, and a third edge opposite the first edge which is unattached;
at least one of said blade ribs of each windmill blade being rotatable about its respective blade spar to a greater, lesser or equal degree of rotation compared to any other of said blade ribs of its respective windmill blade, and
at least one blade sub-section of its respective windmill blade attached to said rotatable blade rib also being rotatable about its respective blade spar to a greater, lesser or equal degree of rotation compared to any other blade sub-sections of the same blade,
so as to alter the angle of said at least one blade sub-section with respect to the raceway turbine blade area windward-facing front opening;
said wind turbine energy generation device, further comprising:
a blade coordination motor situated at the turbine shaft forward portion, said blade coordination motor having a cable shortening function and a cable lengthening function, and
a blade coordination cable having a forward end and a rearward end, said blade coordination cable forward end being connected to said blade coordination motor such that the blade coordination cable is shortenable by the cable shortening function and lengthenable by the cable lengthening function;
said blade coordination cable rearward end being attached to a windmill blade rib such that said windmill blade rib is rotatable forward via said blade coordination motor cable shortening function and such that said windmill blade rib is rotatable rearward via said blade coordination motor cable lengthening function.

US Pat. No. 10,364,793

MAINTENANCE ACCESS TO BLADE BEARING

1. A rotor of a wind turbine, comprising:three rotor blades and a hub,
wherein each rotor blade comprises a root end and the root end is attached to a rotor blade bearing, and the rotor blade bearing is attached to the hub,
wherein each rotor blade comprises a root section, adjacent to the root end, including the outer surface of the rotor blade,
wherein the root section of each rotor blade is covered by a housing, wherein both the hub and the housings defining at least a portion of an exterior of the wind turbine,
wherein each housing comprises a wall section that leads at least partially circumferentially around the root section of the rotor blade,
wherein each housing comprises a cover section to at least partially close the gap between the wall section of the housing and the rotor blade,
wherein each housing defines an aisle that leads circumferentially around the root section of the rotor blade to provide access to the blade bearing and to allow a worker to perform service work at the blade bearing.

US Pat. No. 10,364,792

BRAKING SYSTEM FOR A HYDRAULIC MACHINE

POCLAIN HYDRAULICS INDUST...

1. A hydraulic machine comprising a shaft and a casing mounted to rotate relative to each other by means of a bearing, the hydraulic machine comprising:first brake elements constrained to rotate with the casing;
second brake elements constrained to rotate with the shaft;
the first and second brake elements forming a stack and being configured so as to enable the casing to be constrained to rotate with the shaft when they are put into contact;
a spring washer mounted to bear against the casing and tending to urge the first and second brake elements in a braking direction, tending to cause the first and second brake elements to be put into contact; and
brake release pistons configured to act on the spring washer in a direction opposing the braking direction;
wherein
the brake release pistons comprise a primary brake release piston associated with a primary brake release chamber, and a secondary brake release piston associated with a secondary brake release chamber, said primary and secondary chambers being fluidly connected together and adapted through a common pressurized fluid within each chamber to exert thrust forces respectively on the primary piston and on the secondary piston wherein with the chambers pressurized the primary brake release piston applies a releasing force to the secondary brake release piston and additionally the secondary brake release piston applies a releasing force to compress the spring washer such that the combined forces release act against the spring to the brake elements and allow the shaft to rotate; and
said primary and secondary chambers being arranged in succession along a longitudinal direction of the shaft and extending radially around the shaft in such a manner that projections of the primary brake release chamber and of the secondary brake release chamber onto a plane perpendicular to a longitudinal axis defined by the axis of rotation of the hydraulic machine are overlapping, at least in part.

US Pat. No. 10,364,791

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DEEP OCEAN POWER GENERATOR TURBINE

1. A deep ocean power generator turbine device, comprising:(a) a power generator for generating electricity power;
(b) a hollow tube turbine platform having a top pontoon, side pontoon, and a bottom pontoon;
(c) a submarine valve attached to said top pontoon for filling water into said hollow tube turbine platform from said top pontoon to said side pontoon ending at said bottom pontoon;
(d) a plurality of turbine blade wherein each turbine blade further comprises a plurality of turbine flap, and wherein said plurality of turbine flap vertically attach to said each turbine blade via a hinge pin; and
(e) a center shaft attached to said plurality of turbine blade, wherein said center shaft further comprises a shaft cylinder, a generator shaft, and a plurality of attachment line on a vertical side of said shaft cylinder.

US Pat. No. 10,364,789

PUMPED HYDRO TOWER

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...

1. A power generation system, comprising:a wind power system comprising a wind tower;
a pumped liquid energy storage system configured to store liquid in an interior volume of the wind tower, wherein the interior volume is defined by at least one tower body section of a plurality of tower body sections of the wind tower, the at least one tower body section of the plurality of tower body sections is configured to contain the liquid, the at least one tower body section comprises an inner surface exposed to the interior volume and an exterior surface exposed to an environment surrounding the wind tower, and the at least one tower body section comprises a frusto-conical shape from a first axial end to a second axial end of the at least one tower body section;
wherein the pumped liquid energy storage system comprises a reservoir configured to collect liquid flowing through a turbine generator from the interior volume of the wind tower and a pump configured to pump liquid from the reservoir into the interior volume of the wind tower;
one or more sensors configured to measure one or more operating parameters including a speed of the wind, a power output of a turbine of the wind power system, a power output of the turbine generator of the pumped-liquid energy storage system, and an amount of power being supplied to the power grid; and
a controller to control operation of the wind power system and the pumped liquid energy storage system based on feedback associated with the one or more operating parameters from one or more sensors of the power generation system.

US Pat. No. 10,364,788

IGNITER ASSEMBLY WITH IMPROVED INSULATION AND METHOD OF INSULATING THE IGNITER ASSEMBLY

Tenneco Inc., Lake Fores...

1. An igniter assembly, comprising:an ignition coil assembly including a coil,
a firing end assembly including an igniter and coupled to said ignition coil assembly by an extension, said extension containing a pressure chamber,
a central conductor disposed between said ignition coil assembly and said firing end assembly for transferring energy from said coil to said igniter,
a valve assembly disposed in said pressure chamber of said extension for allowing evacuation of contents of said pressure chamber and allowing said pressure chamber to be filled with an insulating medium,
said valve assembly sealing the insulating medium in said pressure chamber,
said valve assembly including a valve stem, and
said valve stem being biased toward said ignition coil assembly by a spring to maintain the sealing of said pressure chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,364,787

DISCHARGE STOPPING DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A discharge stopping device for stopping a spark discharge, during discharge, in an ignition device for an internal combustion engine, the discharge stopping device comprising:an ignition plug which has a first electrode and a second electrode opposing each other via a gap, and which ignites a combustible air mixture in a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine by generating a spark discharge in the gap;
an ignition coil including a primary coil and a secondary coil which is magnetically coupled with the primary coil;
a power source device which supplies current to the primary coil;
a first switch which is disposed between the primary coil and the power source device and which switches the current supplied from the power source device between a connected state and a disconnected state; and
a controller which causes the primary coil to be energized with current by switching the first switch to a connected state such that energy for causing the ignition plug to generate the spark discharge sufficient to ignite the combustible air mixture is accumulated in the primary coil, and switches the first switch to a disconnected state and shuts off the current when the energy has been accumulated in the primary coil, such that a high voltage is generated in the secondary coil and the spark discharge is generated in the gap of the ignition plug by the high voltage,
the discharge stopping device further comprising a second switch which is disposed in a current circulation path connecting both ends of the primary coil and which switches the current circulation path between a connected state and a disconnected state, wherein
the controller includes:
a re-energization control process unit which switches the first switch to a connected state and re-energizes the primary coil with current during occurrence of the spark discharge; and
a circulation control process unit which switches the second switch to a connected state and sets the current circulation path to a connected state during occurrence of the spark discharge, and
the discharge stopping device stops the spark discharge during discharge by using the re-energization control process unit and the circulation control process unit,
wherein the re-energization control process unit detects an amount of change in the current flowing in the primary coil, and switches the first switch to a disconnected state and ends the re-energization when the amount of change in the current is equal to or less than a preset threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,364,786

CONTROLLER AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE SYSTEM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A controller for an internal combustion engine including a supercharger and being connected to a multi-stage automatic transmission, the controller comprising:a first torque suppressor and a second torque suppressor that perform a torque-down control to decrease a torque of the internal combustion engine during shift-up by the automatic transmission in a supercharging operation,
the first torque suppressor including at least one of an ignition-timing retarding controller that performs control to retard an ignition timing and a throttle-valve closing controller that performs control to reduce an opening degree of a throttle valve,
the second torque suppressor being coupled to a compressor or turbine of the supercharger and including a regenerative device that regenerates rotational energy of the coupled compressor or turbine.

US Pat. No. 10,364,785

FUEL INJECTION NOZZLE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A fuel injection nozzle comprising:a nozzle body having a valve seat, which is in a conical shape and formed inside the nozzle body, a sac chamber, which is formed inside the nozzle body to collect a pressurized fuel which has passed through an inside of the valve seat, and an injection hole to inject the pressurized fuel supplied to the sac chamber to an outside of the nozzle body; and
a needle having a seat portion, which is to cut off a supply of the pressurized fuel into the sac chamber when seated on the valve seat, and a conical portion, which is in a conical shape with a boundary at the seat portion, the conical portion being inserted inside the sac chamber, the needle being driven in a linear direction inside the nozzle body, wherein
the needle is to move in a direction upward when starting fuel injection,
the needle is to move in a direction downward when stopping fuel injection,
an upward movement amount of the needle is a lift amount,
a direction along which the needle is to move is an axial direction,
an axial straight line passing a center of the sac chamber is a sac center line,
an opening area of a throttle portion defined between an upper end of the sac chamber and the conical portion is a throttle opening area S1,
a straight line drawn by extending a center axis of the injection hole into the sac chamber is an injection hole extended line,
a location where the injection hole opens in the sac chamber is an injection hole inlet,
a straight line passing a lower end of the injection hole inlet and parallel to the injection hole extended line is a lower end extended line,
a half of an area surrounded by the throttle portion, the needle, an inner wall of the sac chamber, and the lower end extended line in a cross section of the sac chamber taken along the sac center line is an injection hole upstream area S2,
a passage area of the injection hole is an injection area S3,
a lift amount, when the throttle opening area is equal to an area calculated by multiplying the injection hole area by the number of the injection hole, is a predetermined lift amount L,
a viscosity coefficient of the pressurized fuel is a coefficient ?,
an index value Sa is calculated in accordance with an equation as below, and

the index value Sa satisfies an inequality of Sa?0.5.

US Pat. No. 10,364,784

FUEL INJECTOR ARRANGEMENT

1. A fuel injector arrangement for supplying fuel into a cylinder of an internal combustion engine, the fuel injector arrangement comprising a fuel injector and a sealing ring which is arranged around the circumference of the fuel injector, the sealing ring being located between at least or one of:a fuel inlet of the fuel injector located nearest to an injector up of the fuel injector and the injector tip, and
an outlet of the fuel injector located nearest to an injector tip of the fuel injector and the injector tip,
wherein the fuel injector arrangement is adapted to be positioned in art opening of a housing part so that a gap is formed between a portion of the fuel injector around which the sealing ring is arranged and the housing part, and wherein the sealing ring has an asymmetrical cross section with a narrow end extending towards the injector tip and a wider end extending away from the injector tip wherein the wider end has a recess therein creating two legs with a space therebetween, such that an outer leg of the two legs is moveable from an abutment position, the outer leg of the two legs abutting the housing in the abutment position to seal the gap when the fuel injector arrangement is positioned in the opening in, the housing part, towards an inner leg of the two legs.

US Pat. No. 10,364,783

PULSATION REDUCER USING DOUBLE-SIDED MULTILAYER WAVEFORM SPRING

1. A pulsation reducer, comprising:an entrance-expanded fuel rail (40) configured such that a section-expanded fuel rail entrance (41) expanded to a size of a section of a high-pressure fuel line (31) is formed thereon;
a spring housing (61) configured such that a fuel storage space (611) and a low-pressure movement space (613) and high-pressure movement space (614) connected to the fuel storage space (611) via chimney holes (612a and 612b) are formed therein;
connection parts (62a, 62b and 62c) configured to connect the spring housing (61) with the entrance-expanded fuel rail (40);
a low-pressure reduction part (631) disposed in the low-pressure movement space (613), and configured to absorb mixed pulse waves in a low-pressure region; and
a high-pressure reduction part (64) disposed in the high-pressure movement space (614), and configured to absorb mixed pulse waves in a high-pressure region;
wherein the fuel storage space (611) is connected with an inside of the entrance-expanded fuel rail (40), and the mixed pulse waves reach the low-pressure reduction part (63) and the high-pressure reduction part (64) through the fuel storage space (611) inside the entrance-expanded fuel rail (40), along with fuel, and are reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,364,782

FUEL INJECTION DEVICE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel injection device for an internal combustion engine, which is applied to a multi-cylinder internal combustion engine with an even number of cylinders including four or more cylinders, the fuel injection device comprising:a common rail to which pressurized fuel is to be supplied;
a plurality of fuel injection valves;
a plurality of fuel supply pipes; and
a plurality of injection-valve connection pipes,
each of said plurality of fuel injection valves having a first supply port and a second supply port that communicates to the first supply port, and being configured to inject the pressurized fuel, which is supplied to each of the first supply port and the second supply port, to a corresponding one of the even number of cylinders,
each of said plurality of fuel supply pipes directly connecting the first supply port of the each of said plurality of fuel injection valves and said common rail,
each of said plurality of injection-valve connection pipes directly connecting the second supply ports of a pair of said plurality of fuel injection valves provided to a pair of the cylinders, which are non-contiguous in an order of combustions.

US Pat. No. 10,364,781

QUICK FIT CONNECTOR

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A quick fit connector for the return line of fuel injectors in an internal combustion engine, comprising:a connector body having at least one connection branch insertable in a fuel return port of a fuel injector;
a lower plate;
a spring clip; and
an upper plate, the upper plate being slidingly mountable on the spring clip and the connector body, wherein the upper plate is movable between an unlocked position, in which the spring clip is in an unloaded condition and free from engaging the fuel injector and a locked position in which the spring clip is in a loaded condition for engaging the fuel injector and the lower plate.

US Pat. No. 10,364,780

AIR INTAKE STRUCTURE FOR A MOTORCYCLE ENGINE

1. An air intake structure, feeding air to an engine of a motorcycle, the air intake structure comprising:a container divided by a main baffle into two distinct chambers: a first chamber communicating with outside and a second chamber communicating with a throttled body by means of a feeding duct; the two chambers being separated by a filter, positioned at said main baffle, providing for air cleaning, the first and the second chambers extending longitudinally side-by-side so as to define opposite sides of the air intake structure;
wherein the container is formed by two half-shells: a first half-shell configured to be exposed on an outer side of a motor vehicle, to which said first chamber corresponds, and a second half-shell configured to be arranged between the first half-shell and the motor vehicle, to which said second chamber corresponds
wherein the air intake structure further comprises a pre-chamber accessing said first chamber, separated therefrom by a cross wall and communicating therewith by means of an access duct crossing said wall, with an inlet end thereof arranged in said pre-chamber and an outlet end thereof arranged in said first chamber, said pre-chamber being arranged on the front side with respect to a forward direction of the vehicle; and
wherein the pre-chamber comprises a front access mouth, opened outside, the pre-chamber further comprises a diverting baffle interposed between said access mouth and the inlet end of said access duct, transversal to an air path, extending from a peripheral wall of said pre-chamber as far as a terminal end thereof which forms, with the peripheral walls of said pre-chamber, a passage opening staggered with respect to said access mouth and wherein the pre-chamber is formed by a removable portion which is fastened to the first half-shell, the access mouth being directed in an opposite direction with respect to the forward direction of the vehicle by a U-shaped joint connecting the access mouth to said passage opening of said removable portion.

US Pat. No. 10,364,779

AIR CLEANER FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

MAHLE FILTER SYSTEMS JAPA...

1. An air cleaner for an internal combustion engine, the air cleaner comprising:an air cleaner case of synthetic resin;
an air cleaner filter disposed in the air cleaner case and arranged to partition an inside space of the air cleaner case into a dirty side space and a clean side space, and
an intake noise reducing device disposed in the air cleaner case, the intake noise reducing device comprising
a case portion formed integrally with the air cleaner case and structured as a tube extending from a first end opening into the inside space of the air cleaner case to a second end formed with a communication hole opening to an outside of the air cleaner case,
an elastic member which is received in the case portion and which includes a bellows-shaped circumferential wall extending from a base end which is open to a forward end which is closed;
a base plate covering the first end of the case portion and holding the base end of the elastic member, and
a communication pipe extending through the base plate and connecting a volume chamber formed inside the elastic member to the inside space of the air cleaner case.

US Pat. No. 10,364,777

INTAKE APPARATUS OF V-TYPE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An intake apparatus of a V-type internal combustion engine in which a plurality of cylinders is arranged in a first bank and a second bank, the intake apparatus comprising:a surge tank arranged above the first and second banks;
an intake path connected to an air inlet of the surge tank; and
a plurality of branch paths, wherein each of the plurality of branch paths allows communication between the surge tank and a respective combustion chamber of each of the plurality of cylinders,
wherein the surge tank includes a plurality of first air outlets in which upstream ends of branch paths in communication with the combustion chambers of the cylinders in the first bank are open and which are arranged in a cylinder row direction of the first bank and a plurality of second air outlets in which upstream ends of branch paths in communication with the combustion chambers of the cylinders in the second bank are open and which are arranged in a cylinder row direction of the second bank,
the air inlet is arranged at one end in the cylinder row direction of the first and second banks, and
a protrusion unit for suppressing an air flow rate of air flowing out from two particular air outlets which are of the first and second air outlets and which are close to the air inlet is provided on a lower wall surface between the two particular air outlets, the protrusion unit extends to a height above a portion of each of the two particular air outlets.

US Pat. No. 10,364,776

AIR INTAKE APPARATUS

AISIN SEIKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. An air intake apparatus comprising:an air intake apparatus body including an intake air passage; and
an external gas passage portion provided as a structure separate from the air intake apparatus body inside the air intake apparatus body, the external gas passage portion through which an external gas can be introduced into the intake air passage,
wherein the external gas passage portion is arranged apart from an inner surface of the intake air passage by a heat-insulating layer inside the air intake apparatus body,
the intake air passage includes a plurality of intake air passages that distribute intake air to cylinders of an engine, respectively,
the external gas passage portion has a shape in which the external gas passage portion is hierarchically branched such that the external gas is guided to each of the plurality of intake air passages inside the air intake apparatus body,
a single external gas introduction portion that introduces the external gas is provided on one side end of the air intake apparatus body,
the external gas passage portion extends inward of the air intake apparatus body through the single external gas introduction portion, and has an asymmetrical shape with respect to a starting point for branching to be hierarchically branched,
the external gas passage portion includes a single first external gas passage portion connected to the single external gas introduction portion, a plurality of second external gas passage portions branching from the single first external gas passage portion, and a plurality of third external gas passage portions branching from each of the plurality of second external gas passage portions in the same number as the plurality of intake air passages, and
the plurality of third external gas passage portions connect to the plurality of intake air passages.

US Pat. No. 10,364,775

WATER-INJECTION ANTI-FREEZING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

13. A method, comprising:opening a first coolant valve responsive to a temperature of a first reservoir holding a fluid with water being less than a first threshold and a temperature of coolant at a heat recovery source being more than a second threshold, and flowing coolant through a first coolant line in heat exchange relationship with the first reservoir, the first reservoir only directly fluidically coupled to a second reservoir, wherein the second reservoir is positioned vertically below the first reservoir, and wherein the second reservoir is fluidically coupled to a fluid injector of an engine; and
closing the first coolant valve responsive to the temperature of the first reservoir being more than the first threshold, thus stopping coolant flow through the first coolant line.

US Pat. No. 10,364,774

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR INTEGRATED ANNULAR LOW PRESSURE GASEOUS FUEL INTRODUCTION

Cummins Inc., Columbus, ...

1. A gaseous fuel introducer for an internal combustion engine comprising: a first mounting surface shaped and located to couple to a first wall of a charger; a first input, the first input being an air input; a second input, the second input being a gaseous fuel input; and a charge output, the charge output supplying a fuel-containing charge to an input of the charger; the introducer having a first mounting position that defines a first orientation of the second input relative to the charger, the introducer having a second mounting position that defines a second orientation of the second input relative to the charger that is different than the first orientation, wherein the second input is in communication with a fuel flow path at least partially defined within a housing of the gaseous fuel introducer, and the fuel flow path interfaces with the first input via an annular gap that encircles the first input, the annular gap being defined by a space between a second wall extending from the housing and an outer surface of the first input.

US Pat. No. 10,364,772

OIL FLOW CONTROL FOR AN ENGINE BY DEFLECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine component comprising a member having a deflector and forming an oil conduit intersecting an upper surface, the oil conduit defined by a tubular structure with an inner wall and an outer wall extending transversely to the upper surface, a component mating face extending between and connecting the inner and outer walls the inner wall defining an oil passage therein, the deflector having an arcuate deflector surface following the outer wall of the oil conduit and positioned adjacent to and radially outboard of the outer wall to redirect oil escaping the oil conduit and flowing towards a groove in an outer edge region of the member, the groove sized to receive a room temperature vulcanizing seal.

US Pat. No. 10,364,770

FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR DIAGNOSTIC DURING ENGINE STOPPING

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A vehicle capable of traveling using motive power of at least one of an engine and a motor generator, the vehicle comprising:a fuel pump;
an injection valve configured to inject fuel supplied from the fuel pump to the engine;
a fuel pressure sensor configured to detect a supply pressure of the fuel generated by the fuel pump; and
an electronic control unit configured to perform a fuel pressure increasing process of increasing the supply pressure of the fuel generated by the fuel pump to a second fuel pressure higher than a first fuel pressure, the electronic control unit conducts a fault diagnosis of the fuel pressure sensor by comparing the supply pressure of the fuel detected by the fuel pressure sensor to the second fuel pressure during the fuel pressure increasing process, and the electronic control unit determines a presence of a fault when the supply pressure detected by the fuel pressure sensor does not correspond to the second fuel pressure,
the electronic control unit being configured to conduct the fuel pressure increasing process and the fault diagnosis of the fuel pressure sensor in a case where
the engine is being stopped,
a vehicle speed is higher than a threshold value, the threshold value greater than zero, and
it is determined that the engine can be kept stopped longer than a time taken for the fault diagnosis of the fuel pressure sensor,
wherein the electronic control unit is configured to stop the engine during the fault diagnosis of the fuel pressure sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,364,769

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION FUEL INJECTOR COMBUSTION SEAL LEAKS

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A system for a vehicle having a gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine, the system comprising:an injector coil driver configured to supply a current to an injector coil of a GDI fuel injector of the engine; and
a controller configured to:
perform a diagnostic routine for a combustion seal provided between the GDI fuel injector and a combustion chamber of a cylinder of the engine, the diagnostic routine comprising:
determining one of (i) a period for the injector coil current to reach a peak current and (ii) a resistance of the injector coil while the injector coil current is saturated,
determining whether the determined period or the determined injector coil resistance is greater than a respective threshold indicative of a predetermined temperature of the injector coil, and
when the determined period or the determined injector coil resistance is greater than its respective threshold, detecting a combustion seal leak fault; and
based on the combustion seal leak fault, modifying operation of the engine to prevent potential heat damage to the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,364,767

HYBRID VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A hybrid vehicle, comprising:an engine connected via a damper with a driveshaft that is coupled with an axle;
a motor connected with the driveshaft; and
a control device configured to control the engine, wherein during idle operation of the engine, on satisfaction of a predetermined condition including a condition that a vehicle speed is not higher than a reference value, the control device controls the engine with adjusting a throttle position such that a rotation speed of the engine becomes equal to a target idle rotation speed or is in a predetermined rotation speed range including the target idle rotation speed, and on non-satisfaction of the predetermined condition, the control device controls the engine with setting the throttle position to a fixed value, wherein
the reference value is set such as to provide a larger value when the rotation speed of the engine becomes equal to or lower than a predetermined rotation speed that is lower than the target idle rotation speed and is higher than a resonance rotation speed of the vehicle, compared with a value provided when the rotation speed of the engine is higher than the predetermined rotation speed.

US Pat. No. 10,364,765

METHOD TO SELECT OPTIMAL MODE ON A MULTI-MODE ENGINE WITH CHARGING

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A control method for selecting an optimal multiple-step operating mode for a motor vehicle engine system, comprising:providing at least two variable capacity modes of operation, the at least two variable capacity modes of operation including modes combining variable valve lift per cylinder and modes defining cylinder deactivation;
prioritizing the at least two variable capacity modes based on fuel efficiency by ranking the at least two variable capacity modes from a mode having a lowest predicted fuel flow to a mode having a highest predicted fuel flow;
applying torque constraint data and noise and vibration (NV) constraint data to the prioritized variable capacity modes; and
conducting a mode determination arbitration for the prioritized variable capacity modes having the torque constraint and the vibration constraint data applied to select the mode with the lowest predicted fuel flow allowed by the torque constraint data and the NV constraint data.

US Pat. No. 10,364,764

TECHNIQUES FOR MODELING AND ADAPTATION OF GAS PRESSURES IN A LOW PRESSURE EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION SYSTEM OF A TURBOCHARGED GASOLINE ENGINE

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. A control system for a vehicle including a gasoline engine, a turbocharger, and a low pressure exhaust gas recirculation (LPEGR) system, the LPEGR system comprising an EGR cooler and connecting an exhaust system of the engine to an induction system of the engine, the control system comprising:a differential pressure (dP) valve disposed in the induction system downstream from an air filter and upstream from a compressor of the turbocharger and an EGR port of the induction system;
a dP valve outlet pressure sensor configured to measure pressure in the induction system at an outlet of the dP valve;
an EGR valve disposed upstream from the EGR cooler in the LPEGR system and configured to control a flow of exhaust gas produced by the engine from an EGR pickup in the exhaust system downstream from a turbine of the turbocharger to the EGR port;
an EGR valve delta pressure sensor configured to measure a delta pressure across the EGR valve; and
a controller configured to:
receive the measured dP valve outlet pressure and the measured EGR valve delta pressure;
based on the measured dP valve outlet pressure and the measured EGR valve delta pressure, determine (i) a modeled pressure at the EGR pickup and (ii) a modeled pressure at outlet of the EGR cooler;
based on the measured dP valve outlet pressure, determine (i) a modeled pressure at an outlet of the air filter and (ii) a modeled pressure at the dP valve outlet; and
control the dP valve and the EGR valve based on the modeled EGR pickup pressure, the modeled EGR cooler outlet pressure, the modeled air filter outlet pressure, and the modeled dP valve outlet pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,364,763

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR LIMITED EMISSIONS REFUELING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:during a first condition, including an ongoing refueling event with a canister purge valve maintained closed, receiving an indication of hydrocarbon breakthrough from a fuel vapor canister; and
during the ongoing refueling event with the canister purge valve maintained closed, restricting flow of fuel vapor through a fuel vapor canister vent pathway responsive to the indication of hydrocarbon breakthrough by closing a valve.

US Pat. No. 10,364,760

ENGINE CONTROL UNIT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An engine control unit comprising:at least one memory; and
at least one microcomputer coupled to the at least one memory and configured to
acquire a sound or vibration of an engine from external, the at least one microcomputer extracts vibration components of a plurality of frequency bands, each of the frequency bands including a resonant frequency of a vibration mode among resonant frequencies of plural vibration modes;
synthesize the vibration components of the frequency bands which are extracted to generate a synthesis vibration waveform;
calculate a time average value by executing a time average operation to average the synthesis vibration waveform in a predetermined time;
detect a peak strength of the vibration component of the frequency band including a lowest resonant frequency, wherein the frequency band including the lowest resonant frequency is a frequency band among the frequency bands which are extracted;
previously store, in a storage portion, a first threshold and a second threshold;
determine an existence of a knocking and determining whether a knock level of the knocking is a first knock level or a second knock level that is higher than the first knock level, by executing a first comparison operation to compare the time average value with the first threshold and a second comparison operation to compare the peak strength with the second threshold; and
output a determination result to an ignition timing control portion and control a driving of an igniter, after determining the existence of the knocking and determining whether the knock level is the first knock level or the second knock level.