US Pat. No. 10,171,051

AMPLIFICATION CIRCUIT, OPTICAL MODULE, AND AMPLIFICATION METHOD

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. An amplification circuit coupled to a first circuit by alternating current (AC) coupling comprising:an amplifier that amplifies an input signal by gain A and outputs the amplified input signal as a first signal to a second circuit;
a loopback circuit that positively feeds back the first signal output from the amplifier to an input of the amplifier, the loopback circuit includes
a low pass filter that attenuates a high frequency component of the first signal and outputs the attenuated first signal as a second signal, and
a feedback circuit that attenuates the second signal output from the low pass filter by a feedback factor (gain) ? and positively feeds back to the input of the amplifier; and
a high pass filter using AC coupling is formed at an input of the amplification circuit,
a loop gain of the loopback circuit is represented as a product A·?, and the loop gain is designed so as to satisfy 0 the amplifier is a differential amplifier, and the feedback circuit includes
a first feedback circuit that positively feeds back a normal output of the differential amplifier to an input of the differential amplifier, and
a second feedback circuit that positively feeds back an inversion output of the differential amplifier to the input of the differential amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,171,050

CIRCUITS FOR PROVIDING CLASS-E POWER AMPLIFIERS

The Trustees of Columbia ...

1. A circuit for forming an amplifier comprising:a first switch having a first side and a second side;
one of a first inductor and a first transmission line, the one of the first inductor and the transmission line having a first side connected to the first side of the first switch and having a second side connected to a non-ground power supply voltage;
one of a second inductor and a second transmission line, the one of the second inductor and the second transmission line having a first side and a second side, the second side of the one of the second inductor and the second transmission line connected to a non-ground power supply voltage; and
a second switch having a first side and a second side, the first side of the second switch being directly connected to the second side of the first switch and the first side of the one of the second inductor and the second transmission line.

US Pat. No. 10,171,049

CLASS-D AMPLIFIER CIRCUITS

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. A Class-D amplifier circuit for amplifying an input signal comprising:an output stage comprising at least first and second switches;
a modulator comprising a signal input for receiving said input signal and a clock input for receiving a first clock signal, the modulator being configured to control the duty cycles of said first and second switches within a switching cycle based on said input signal, wherein said switching cycle has a switching frequency based on said clock signal; and
a frequency controller configured to control the frequency of said first clock signal in response to an indication of amplitude of the input signal;
wherein the frequency controller is configured to implement a transition in frequency of said first clock signal from a first switching frequency to a second switching frequency over a period of time, such that the rate of change of switching frequency with time is variable during said transition.

US Pat. No. 10,171,048

POWER AMPLIFIER

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A power amplifier comprising:an amplifying circuit comprising
a first field effect transistor configured to amplify an input signal, and
a second field effect transistor connected to the first field effect transistor in a cascode structure, and configured to receive the signal amplified by the first field effect transistor and to output the received signal;
a feedback circuit connected to the amplifying circuit, and configured to feedback the signal amplified in the amplifying circuit into the amplifying circuit; and
a feedback controlling circuit connected to the feedback circuit, and configured to control a power of the signal fed-back by the feedback circuit based on a power of the input signal,
wherein the feedback controlling circuit is configured to control the feedback circuit to increase the power of the signal fed-back by the feedback circuit, in response to the power of the input signal input to the amplifying circuit being increased.

US Pat. No. 10,171,046

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOW DISTORTION CAPACITIVE SIGNAL SOURCE AMPLIFIER

INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES AG,...

1. A method comprising:amplifying a signal provided by a capacitive signal source to form an amplified signal;
detecting a peak voltage of the amplified signal;
comparing the detected peak voltage to a predetermined threshold; and
adjusting a controllable bias voltage of the capacitive signal source in response to detecting the peak voltage, the controllable bias voltage of the capacitive signal source being adjusted to a value inversely proportional to the detected peak voltage, wherein adjusting the controllable bias voltage comprises
decreasing the controllable bias voltage at a first rate if the detected peak voltage exceeds the predetermined threshold, and
increasing the controllable bias voltage at a second rate if detected peak voltage does not exceed the predetermined threshold, wherein the first rate is greater than the second rate.

US Pat. No. 10,171,045

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR LOW NOISE AMPLIFIERS WITH MID-NODE IMPEDANCE NETWORKS

SKYWORKS SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A low noise amplifier comprising:a cascode device;
a transconductance device configured to generate an amplified signal based on amplifying an input signal received at an input node, the transconductance device further configured to provide the amplified signal to an output node via the cascode device; and
a mid-node impedance network electrically connected between the transconductance device and the cascode device, the mid-node impedance configured to compensate for a parasitic capacitance of the transconductance device, the mid-node impedance network including a resistor, a capacitor, and an inductor electrically connected in parallel with one another.

US Pat. No. 10,171,044

POWER AMPLIFICATION CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A power amplification circuit comprising:a first amplifier that is input with a first signal and outputs a second signal obtained by amplifying the first signal;
a bias circuit that supplies a bias current or a bias voltage to the first amplifier; and
a control voltage generating circuit that generates a control voltage in accordance with a signal level of the first signal,
wherein the bias circuit includes:
a first transistor, the bias current or bias voltage being output from an emitter or source of the first transistor,
a second transistor that is provided between the emitter or the source of the first transistor and ground; and
a third transistor, wherein the control voltage is supplied to a base or gate of the third transistor and an emitter or source of the third transistor supplies a first current or a first voltage to a base or gate of the second transistor,
wherein the control voltage generating circuit includes:
a second amplifier that is input with the first signal and outputs a third signal obtained by amplifying the first signal, and
a voltage outputting circuit that outputs the control voltage in accordance with the third signal, and
wherein the voltage outputting circuit includes:
a current-voltage converting circuit that outputs a second voltage in accordance with a current of the third signal, and
a voltage-level converting circuit that converts the second voltage into the control voltage such that the value of the first current or the first voltage is larger when the signal level of the first signal is the first level than when the signal level of the first signal is the second level.

US Pat. No. 10,171,042

DEGENERATED TRANSIMPEDANCE AMPLIFIER WITH WIRE-BONDED PHOTODIODE FOR REDUCING GROUP DELAY DISTORTION

International Business Ma...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a degeneration network configured to improve group delay across one or more variations;
wherein the degeneration network comprises:
one or more degeneration inductors; and
a transimpedance amplifier including the one or more degeneration inductors;
wherein the transimpedance amplifier includes at least two transistors, and the one or more degeneration inductors are connected between emitters of each of the at least two transistors.

US Pat. No. 10,171,039

DEVICES AND METHODS THAT FACILITATE POWER AMPLIFIER OFF STATE PERFORMANCE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A peaking amplifier comprising:a driver stage having a load impedance and configured to generate a driver output signal based on an input signal;
a final stage having a final stage input impedance and configured to generate a peaking output signal at an output based on the driver output signal; and
an interstage matching network coupled to the driver stage and the final stage and configured to transform the final stage input impedance to the load impedance for the driver stage when the peaking amplifier is in an ON state and provide a short circuit from an output of the driver stage to an input of the final stage when the peaking amplifier is in an OFF state.

US Pat. No. 10,171,036

POWER AMPLIFICATION CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A power amplification circuit comprising:an amplifier that amplifies an input signal and outputs an amplified signal;
a first bias circuit that supplies a first bias current or voltage to the amplifier;
a second bias circuit that supplies a second bias current or voltage to the amplifier;
a first control circuit that outputs a first current that controls a level of the first bias current or voltage; and
a second control circuit that outputs a second current that controls a level of the second bias current or voltage;
wherein a current supplying capacity of the first bias circuit is different from a current supplying capacity of the second bias circuit,
wherein the first bias circuit comprises a first transistor that outputs the first bias current or voltage in accordance with the first current,
wherein the second bias circuit comprises a second transistor that outputs the second bias current or voltage in accordance with the second current, and comprises a fourth transistor, wherein a collector of the fourth transistor is connected to a base or gate of the second transistor, a base of the fourth transistor is connected to an emitter or source of the second transistor, an emitter of the fourth transistor is connected to ground, and the second current is supplied to the collector of the fourth transistor, and
wherein a size of the first transistor is different from a size of the second transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,171,034

PHASE-ROTATED HARMONIC-REJECTION MIXER APPARATUS

MEDIATEK INC., Hsin-Chu ...

8. A harmonic-rejection mixer apparatus comprising:a mixing circuit, configured to receive a first input signal, a second input signal, and a local oscillator (LO) signal, and further configured to mix the first input signal and the LO signal to generate a first output signal and mix the second input signal and the LO signal to generate a second output signal, wherein the first input signal and the second input signal have a same peak amplitude but different phases; and
a combining circuit, configured to combine the first output signal and the second output signal, wherein harmonic rejection is at least achieved by combination of the first output signal and the second output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,171,033

CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR INTERCONNECT ARCHITECTURE WITH NOISE IMMUNITY

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a crystal having an input and an output;
a first interconnect having first and second ends, wherein the first end is coupled to the input;
a second interconnect having first and second ends, wherein the first end is coupled to the output;
a first capacitor coupled between the input and a ground; and
a second capacitor coupled to the second end of the second interconnect, wherein
the second capacitor is split between:
on-board and on-package; or
on-board and on-die.

US Pat. No. 10,171,032

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR TEMPERATURE INDEPENDENT OSCILLATORS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a pulse generator circuit configured to provide a periodic pulse based on the charging and discharging of a capacitor and further based on first and second reference voltages, the pulse generator comprising:
the capacitor coupled between the first reference voltage and a first node, wherein the capacitor is configured to be charged and discharged through the first node in response to the periodic pulse;
a resistor and a diode coupled in series between a second node and the second reference voltage; and
a comparator coupled to the first and second nodes and configured to provide the periodic pulse based on voltages on the first and second nodes, wherein a period of the periodic pulse is based at least on the resistor and a current.

US Pat. No. 10,171,031

OSCILLATOR PHASE NOISE USING ACTIVE DEVICE STACKING

International Business Ma...

1. An integrated electronic circuit, comprising:active decoupling circuits, including,
a first active device with a first capacitive device connected across the non-current control terminals of the first active device, and the current control terminal of the first active device connected to ground across a third capacitive device, wherein the current control terminal of the first active device is not electrically coupled to the non-current control terminals of the first active device; and
a second active device with a second capacitive device connected across the non-current control terminals of the second active device, and the current control terminal of the second active device connected to ground across a fourth capacitive device, wherein the current control terminal of the second active device is not electrically coupled to the non-current control terminals of the second active device, and wherein a first non-current control terminal of the first active device is electrically coupled to a first non-current control terminal of the second active device through an inductor.

US Pat. No. 10,171,030

METHOD OF AMPLIFYING POWER

IsoLine Component Company...

1. A method of amplifying power for components mounted on a printed circuit board using a printed circuit board-mounted power supply, the method comprising:optically coupling one or more than one photovoltaic device to a photoluminescent light source, wherein the one or more than one photovoltaic device receives light from the photoluminescent light source;
supplying light source electrical input power to the photoluminescent light source, wherein the light source electrical input power is received from a power source external to the printed circuit board-mounted power supply;
collecting photovoltaic-generated electrical output power from the one or more than one photovoltaic device;
providing the photovoltaic-generated electrical output power to components mounted on the printed circuit board; and
creating the photoluminescent light source, wherein the step of creating the photoluminescent light source comprises a step of optically coupling a light-emitting device that emits high energy light photons in response to receiving light source electrical input power to a photoluminescent material, wherein the photoluminescent material absorbs the high energy light photons emitted by the light-emitting device, and emits more than one low energy light photon for each of the high energy light photons absorbed.

US Pat. No. 10,171,027

PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE MOUNT

SunPower Corporation, Sa...

1. A photovoltaic (PV) module coupling, comprising:a body plate having an upper surf ace along a first plane between a first end and a second end;
a retainer extending downward from the second end, wherein the retainer includes a retention surface along a second plane orthogonal to the first plane; and
a toe extending orthogonal to the second plane from the retainer to a terminal edge, the PV module to couple to a module stand, wherein the module stand includes a base portion and an upright extending from the base portion to a support surface, wherein the module stand further includes a locking plate having a locking surf ace coupled to the upright, and wherein the locking plate includes a locking toe slot through the locking surface, wherein the module stand further includes a pair of alignment protrusions extending upward from the support surface, wherein the pair of alignment protrusions define a rail notch between the pair of alignment protrusions and the support surface, and wherein the rail notch is longitudinally aligned with the locking toe slot.

US Pat. No. 10,171,026

STRUCTURAL ATTACHMENT SEALING SYSTEM

Solsera, Inc., Phoenix, ...

1. A method of securing structural attachments comprising the steps of:a. placing a mount on a structure, the mount comprising:
i. a base that conforms to the shape of the surface of the structure, the base comprising an internal cavity further comprising at least one concave section wherein the at least one concave section forms an external cavity, the external cavity further comprising a base;
ii. a port hole coupled to the internal cavity that is accessible from an outer surface of the mount;
iii. a vent coupled to the internal cavity that is accessible from the outer surface of the mount;
iv. a bolt for securing the mount to the structure, the bolt further comprising a head, and a shaft extending from the head;
v. an opening through the external cavity of the at least one concave section, the opening configured to receive the bolt; and
vi. a generally U-shaped guide comprising a pair of vertical members, the vertical members extending from the at least one concave section forming an aperture that is configured to secure a solar panel mounting rail guide to the mount wherein each vertical member further comprising a front side and a rear side;
b. inserting the shaft of the bolt through the opening and through the volume of the internal cavity so that the head resides on the base of the external cavity thereby securing the mount to the structure; and
c. injecting a liquid into the port hole of the mount until the liquid fills the volume of the internal cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,171,025

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SOLAR PANEL MODULE MOUNTING INSERTS

LUMETA, LLC, Irvine, CA ...

1. A photovoltaic module, comprisingan upper transparent protective layer;
a photovoltaic layer positioned beneath the upper transparent protective layer, the photovoltaic layer comprising a plurality of electrically interconnected photovoltaic cells disposed in an array;
a rigid substrate layer positioned beneath the photovoltaic layer; and
a plurality of inserts configured to be fixedly attached to (i) a bottom surface of the rigid substrate and (ii) a surface of a roof, the plurality of inserts being disposed in an array, each insert having a substantially triangular-shaped cross section when viewed from a side orthogonal to a line of a roof downward slope, each insert having a thickness to maintain the entire bottom surface of the rigid substrate at about one inch from the surface of the roof, each insert having a thickness in the down-roof direction which is thinner than a thickness in an up-roof direction, at least one insert supporting two adjacent photovoltaic modules.

US Pat. No. 10,171,024

SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTOR

DIVERSIFIED SOLAR SYSTEMS...

1. A solar collector comprising:a frame for supporting a plurality of photovoltaic (PV) panels, wherein the frame is adapted to removably attach to a base;
a first panel assembly, including at least one of the plurality of PV panels, pivotally attached to the frame about a first axis; and
a second panel assembly, including at least one of the plurality of PV panels, pivotally attached to the first panel assembly to collectively move with the first panel assembly about the first axis and to pivot relative to the frame, and to pivot about a second axis that is substantially parallel to and radially offset from the first axis, to move between a deployed position and a retracted position.

US Pat. No. 10,171,023

MOTOR STARTER APPARATUS WITH START-UP FAULT DETECTION CAPABILITY

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one semiconductor switch;
at least one current sensor configured to sense a current provided to a load via the at least one semiconductor switch; and
a control circuit configured to cause the at least one semiconductor switch to couple a power source to the load for an interval having a duration of less than one-half of a period of an AC voltage of the power source and to detect a rate of change of the sensed current in response to the coupling.

US Pat. No. 10,171,022

MOTOR DRIVING DEVICE, AN AIR CONDITIONER INCLUDING SAME AND A CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A motor driving device comprising:a rectifier configured to output an input voltage by rectifying alternating current (AC) power into direct current (DC) power;
a first buck-boost converter configured to convert the input voltage into a DC-link voltage by stepping down the input voltage in a buck mode or stepping up the input voltage in a boost mode;
an inverter configured to convert the DC-link voltage for driving a motor into an AC voltage and transfer the AC voltage to the motor; and
a controller configured to
receive motor information related to driving of the motor,
identify a DC-link voltage for driving the motor according to the motor information,
compare the input voltage with the identified DC-link voltage, to thereby produce a comparison result, and
based on the comparison result, control the first buck-boost converter to operate one of the buck mode and the boost mode for converting the input voltage into the identified DC-link voltage by switching one of a plurality of switches included in the first buck-boost converter,
wherein the controller is configured to
compare an instantaneous value of the input voltage with the identified DC-link voltage,
in response to the instantaneous value of the input voltage being larger than the identified DC-link voltage, control the first buck-boost converter to operate in the buck mode, and
in response to the instantaneous value of the input voltage being smaller than the identified DC-link voltage, control the first buck-boost converter to operate in the boost mode.

US Pat. No. 10,171,021

METHODS FOR DETERMINING A VOLTAGE COMMAND

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method comprising:providing a system with an electric machine that operates in response to a voltage command;
determining, based on characteristics of the system, a minimum voltage for the voltage command;
operating the electric machine only at or above the minimum voltage;
determining, based on capabilities of the system, a maximum voltage for the voltage command;
operating the electric machine only at or below the maximum voltage;
determining, by testing the system, a first representation of a first performance curve for the electric machine corresponding to the minimum voltage;
determining, by testing the system, a second representation of a second performance curve for the electric machine corresponding to the maximum voltage;
obtaining, by a controller and in response to a required torque and a required speed for the electric machine, an operating point of the electric machine to be achieved through the voltage command;
evaluating, by the controller, whether the operating point lies between the first and second representations;
when the operating point lies between the first and second representations, determining, by the controller, a magnitude of the voltage command, by evaluating which of a plurality of voltages corresponding to a third performance curve falling between the first and second representations is most efficient in operating the electric machine at the operating point;
supplying, by a power supply controlled by the controller and to the electric machine, the voltage command at the magnitude; and
operating the electric machine using the voltage command.

US Pat. No. 10,171,009

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR LIFTING OBJECTS

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. An apparatus for lifting an object, comprising:a plurality of piezo actuators that expand in directions upon activation to thereby generate pressure forces on an active side of each piezo actuator;
a hydraulic transmission device configured to:
convert the pressure forces of the piezo actuators into a vertical pressure force to move the object in a direction counter to a direction of gravity; and
transmit said converted pressure forces with a transmission ratio; and
a spring system connected between the object and the hydraulic transmission device, the spring system providing a spring force counter to the vertical pressure force of the hydraulic transmission device.

US Pat. No. 10,171,006

POWER POLE INVERTER

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An arm assembly comprising:a plurality of electrical components;
a number of electrical buses;
each electrical component coupled to, and in electrical communication with, one said electrical bus;
a sealing compound applied to each said electrical bus and to a limited number of said electrical components;
wherein said limited number of said electrical components having said sealing compound applied thereto are enclosed components and any component without said sealing compound applied thereto is an exposed component; and
wherein said enclosed components are substantially sealed from an atmosphere.

US Pat. No. 10,171,004

DC-DC CONVERTER

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A direct current-to-direct current converter comprising:an input configured to receive a direct-current voltage V1;
an output configured to output a direct-current voltage V2;
a first full-bridge circuit connected to the input;
a second full-bridge circuit connected to the output;
a transformer having a first winding connected to the first full-bridge circuit and a second winding connected to the second full-bridge circuit; and
a controller configured to perform switching control of the first full-bridge circuit,
wherein the first full-bridge circuit includes:
a first series circuit including first, second, third and fourth switching elements sequentially connected in series to each other,
a second series circuit connected in parallel to the first series circuit and including fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth switching elements sequentially connected in series to each other,
a first floating capacitor connected to a first node between the first and second switching elements and a second node between the third and fourth switching elements, and
a second floating capacitor connected to a third node between the fifth and sixth switching elements and a fourth node between the seventh and eighth switching elements,
wherein a first end of the first winding of the transformer is connected to a fifth node between the second and third switching elements and a second end of the first winding of the transformer is connected to a sixth node between the sixth and seventh switching elements, and
wherein the controller performs the switching control of the first full-bridge circuit in at least two modes including a full-bridge operation mode in which the first to eighth switching elements are controlled so that the direct-current voltage V1 is applied to the first and second ends of the first winding of the transformer and a half-bridge operation mode in which the first to eighth switching elements are controlled so that half of the direct-current voltage V1 is applied to the first and second ends of the first winding of the transformer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,990

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR A SINGLE INDUCTOR MULTIPLE OUTPUT (SIMO) DC-DC CONVERTER CIRCUIT

University of Virginia Pa...

1. A method, comprising:receiving information related to one or more of a processing power demand and an available energy level of an integrated circuit (IC) that includes a single-inductor multiple-output (SIMO) direct current-direct current (DC-DC) converter circuit and a panoptic dynamic voltage scaling (PDVS) circuit operatively coupled to the SIMO DC-DC converter circuit,
the SIMO DC-DC converter circuit having a plurality of output nodes, each output node from the plurality of output nodes being uniquely associated with a supply voltage rail from a plurality of supply voltage rails, and
the PDVS circuit having a plurality of operational blocks; and
operating the PDVS circuit such that each operational block from the plurality of operational blocks draws power from one supply voltage rail from the plurality of supply voltage rails.

US Pat. No. 10,170,989

METHODS FOR FABRICATING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT WITH A VOLTAGE REGULATOR

SKYWORKS SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A method of fabricating an integrated circuit, the method comprising:forming a primary regulator on a semiconductor substrate, including fabricating a switch, fabricating an amplifier for controlling the switch, and fabricating a voltage generator for biasing the amplifier to operate the primary regulator in a bypass mode or in a regulating mode, including forming a first stack of transistors that generate one or more bias voltages of the amplifier and forming a second stack of transistors that mirror a current through the first stack to generate a reference voltage of the amplifier;
forming an input terminal and an output terminal of the primary regulator on the semiconductor substrate;
forming a secondary regulator on the substrate;
forming an input terminal and an output terminal of the secondary regulator on the semiconductor substrate; and
forming an electrical connection between the output terminal of the primary regulator and the input terminal of the secondary regulator.

US Pat. No. 10,170,988

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A power supply system comprising:an electric power line connected to a load;
a plurality of DC power supplies;
a power converter connected across said plurality of DC power supplies and said electric power line; and
a control device configured to control operation of said power converter, said power converter including a plurality of switching elements and being configured to control an output voltage on said electric power line by operating with one of a plurality of operation modes different in mode of power conversion between said plurality of DC power supplies and said electric power line applied,
said plurality of operation modes including
a first operation mode in which power distribution between said plurality of DC power supplies is controllable through said power converter, and
a second operation mode in which power distribution between said plurality of DC power supplies is determined in a fixed manner through said power converter,
said control device including
a mode selection unit configured to select an operation mode from among said plurality of operation modes in accordance with conditions of said load and said plurality of DC power supplies, and
an operation mode switching control unit configured to, when a present operation mode currently applied to said power converter and an operation mode after transition selected by said mode selection unit are different, control switching from said present operation mode to said operation mode after transition,
when said present operation mode is said first operation mode and said operation mode after transition is said second operation mode, said operation mode switching control unit controlling, in said first operation mode, power distribution between said plurality of DC power supplies to be performed at a power distribution ratio in a case where said operation mode after transition is applied, and then executing switching to said operation mode after transition,
wherein when electric power of each of said DC power supplies in accordance with the power distribution ratio in the case where said operation mode after transition is applied reaches a limiting value for each of said DC power supplies, said operation mode switching control unit prohibits switching to the operation mode after transition.

US Pat. No. 10,170,984

SWITCHED MODE POWER CONVERTER WITH PEAK CURRENT CONTROL

INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES AUS...

17. A power converter, comprising:an electronic switch connected in series with an inductor; and
a controller configured to operate the power converter in one of a first operation mode and a second operation mode and, in each of the first operation mode and the second operation mode, to drive the electronic switch in a plurality of successive drive cycles based on a drive parameter such that each of the plurality of successive drive cycles comprises an on-time in which the electronic switch is switched on and an off-time in which the electronic switch is switched off,
wherein the drive parameter is one of a duration of the drive cycle or a duration of the off-time,
wherein the drive parameter is predefined in the first operation mode, and
wherein the controller is configured to increase the drive parameter in the second operation mode as compared to the first operation mode such that a duration of the on-time in the second operation mode is above a predefined duration threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,170,983

DRIVING DEVICE

Rohm Co., Ltd., Kyoto (J...

1. A load driver comprising:a voltage step-up and -down DC/DC converter controller block which controls a voltage step-up and -down DC/DC converter that generates an output voltage from an input voltage and feeds the output voltage to a load,
wherein the voltage step-up and -down DC/DC converter comprises:
a first switch of which a first terminal is connected to an application terminal of the input voltage, the first switch being an N-channel type field effect transistor;
a first diode of which a cathode is connected to a second terminal of the first switch and of which an anode is connected to a ground terminal;
an inductor of which a first terminal is connected to the second terminal of the first switch;
a second switch of which a first terminal is connected to a second terminal of the inductor and of which a second terminal is connected to the ground terminal;
a second diode of which an anode is connected to the second terminal of the inductor and of which a cathode is connected to a first terminal of the load;
a capacitor of which a first terminal is connected to the application terminal of the input voltage and of which a second terminal is connected to the ground terminal; and
a boot strap capacitor of which a first terminal is connected to the cathode of the first diode, and
wherein the voltage step-up and -down DC/DC converter controller block comprises:
a boot strap terminal arranged to be connected to a second terminal of the boot strap capacitor,
an output terminal arranged to be connected to a gate of the first switch,
a switching terminal arranged to be connected to the first terminal of the boot strap capacitor,
a constant voltage generation portion arranged to generate a constant voltage from a node voltage of a connection node disposed between the first terminal of the capacitor and the application terminal of the input voltage;
a first driver of which an upper power supply node is connected to the boot strap terminal, of which a lower power supply node is connected to the switching terminal, of which an output node is connected to the output terminal, and arranged to generate a first gate voltage of the first switch so as to turn the first switch on and off; and
a second driver arranged to generate a second gate voltage of the second switch so as to turn the second switch on and off, the driver further arranged to receive the constant voltage as a power supply voltage, a high level of the gate voltage of the second switch being the constant voltage, and wherein
the boot strap terminal, the output terminal and the switching terminal are arranged in the recited order.

US Pat. No. 10,170,982

CONTINUOUS COMPARATOR WITH IMPROVED CALIBRATION

1. A circuit comprising:a power switch;
a continuous comparator that monitors a current across the power switch;
a dynamic comparator which shares inputs of the continuous comparator;the dynamic comparator being adapted to provide a logic signal;a calibration control adapted to calibrate the continuous comparator;
wherein a clock for the dynamic comparator is coupled with a control signal for changing a state of the power switch; and
wherein the calibration control comprises a counter coupled with an output of the dynamic comparator and one of a variable comparator offset or a variable propagation delay that is directly connected to the continuous comparator; the counter being adapted to receive the logic signal;
wherein the counter operates to increment or decrement the variable comparator offset or the variable propagation delay.

US Pat. No. 10,170,981

CONFIGURABLE BI-DIRECTIONAL CHARGE PUMP DESIGN

Akustica, Inc., Pittsbur...

1. A bi-directional charge pump cell comprising:a p-type substrate having a main surface;
a first n-well formed in the p-type substrate, the first n? well including n+ doped regions formed in the first n? well at the main surface;
a first p-well formed in the first n? well, the first p? well including p+ doped regions formed in the first p-well at the main surface;
a second n-well formed in the first p-well, the second n-well including n+ doped regions and p regions formed at the main surface, the p regions forming p-type metal-oxide semiconductor (PMOS) transistors;
a second p-well formed in the first n-well, the second p-well including p+ doped regions formed in the second p-well at the main surface; and
a third p-well defined in the second p-well, the third p-well including p+ doped regions and n regions at the main surface, the n regions forming n-type metal-oxide semiconductor (NMOS) transistors.

US Pat. No. 10,170,979

POINT OF LOAD REGULATOR SYNCHRONIZATION AND PHASE OFFSET

International Business Ma...

1. An electronic system including at least three point of load (POL) regulators that supply a regulated voltage to a component within the electronic system, the electronic system comprising:a master POL regulator that operates under a reference phase and communicates a first SYNC OUT signal that is offset from the reference phase by a first phase offset to a first controlled POL regulator and communicates a second SYNC OUT signal that is offset from the reference phase by a second phase offset to a second controlled POL regulator.

US Pat. No. 10,170,978

SIGNAL TRANSMISSION CIRCUIT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A signal transmission circuit comprising a transmission apparatus and a reception apparatus which are insulated from each other and between which a signal indicative of predetermined information is transmitted via an insulation element,wherein the transmission apparatus includes a first transmission unit transmitting a first signal indicative of first information based on the number of pulses consecutively outputted with a predetermined period and each having a first waveform with a duty cycle of less than 100% with respect to the period and a second transmission unit transmitting a second signal indicative of second information based on a pulse having a longer wavelength than the first waveform,
wherein the first transmission unit transmitting the first signal to the reception apparatus and the second transmission unit transmitting the second signal to the reception apparatus, via the insulation element common to the first transmission unit and the second transmission unit, and
wherein the second transmission unit transmits the second signal in synchrony with the pulse having the first waveform, and transmits the second signal indicative of the second information using a pulse having a wavelength which is longer than the first waveform and which is shorter than a period during which the pulse having the first waveform is consecutively outputted.

US Pat. No. 10,170,977

SUPPLEMENTAL CIRCUIT FOR POWER SUPPLY WITH POWER MANAGEMENT IC

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A supplemental circuit for a power supply equipped with a power management integrated circuit (PMIC), comprising:a detection circuit producing input signals;
a switch;
a signal generation circuit producing a control signal controlling the switch's open and close according to the input signals; and
a RC circuit;
wherein when the switch is closed, the PMIC and the RC circuit are series-connected to ground;
wherein the detection circuit comprises:
a first detection sub-circuit detecting an input current to the power supply and, according to the detected input current, producing a first input signal for controlling the switch's open and close;
a second detection sub-circuit detecting an output current from the power supply and, according to the detected output current, producing a second input signal for controlling the switch's open and close; and
a third detection sub-circuit detecting a mode of a display device incorporating the power supply and, according to the detected mode, producing a third input signal for controlling the switch's open and close;
wherein the signal generation circuit produces the control signal controlling the switch's open and close according to the first, second, and third input signals.

US Pat. No. 10,170,976

PHASE COMPENSATION METHOD FOR POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CIRCUIT

DELTA ELECTRONICS (THAILA...

1. A method for phase compensating a power factor correction circuit, the power factor correction circuit comprising a switching circuit and a control unit and receiving an input voltage and an input current, the switching circuit being alternately turned on or turned off to generate an output voltage and an output current under control of the control unit, the control unit comprising a low-pass filter, a differential controller and a cosine multiplier, the low-pass filter continuously receiving a sampled signal that reflects a present current value of the input current, the method comprising steps of:(a) the low-pass filter filtering the sampled signal;
(b) the differential controller predicting a present waveform of the input current corresponding to the present current value of the filtered sampled signal and a previous waveform of the input current corresponding to a previous current value of the filtered sampled signal and generating a current error signal according to a difference between the present waveform and the previous waveform;
wherein the differential controller stores a compensation factor;
wherein in the step (b), the difference between the present waveform and the previous waveform is multiplied by the compensation factor, so that the current error signal is generated;
(c) the cosine multiplier adjusting the current error signal, thereby generating an adjusted signal;
(d) adding a feedforward signal to the adjusted signal, thereby generating a phase compensation signal; and
(e) adding a current control signal to the phase compensation signal, thereby
generating a pulse width modulation signal to control the switching circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,170,974

VARIABLE FREQUENCY AND BURST MODE OPERATION OF PRIMARY RESONANT FLYBACK CONVERTERS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A primary resonant flyback converter comprising:a primary winding;
a secondary winding magnetically coupled to the primary winding and electrically coupled to an output rectifier, and an output terminal;
a resonant capacitor coupled in series with the primary winding;
a main switch configured to switch on to energize the primary winding and resonant capacitor from a DC voltage bus and to switch off to transfer energy stored in the primary winding to the secondary winding;
an auxiliary switch configured to switch on during an off time of the main switch thereby allowing a resonant current to circulate through the primary winding and the resonant capacitor; and
a control circuit configured to:
vary a duty cycle of the main switch and the auxiliary switch to produce a desired voltage at the output terminal; and
vary a switching frequency of the main switch and the auxiliary switch responsive to a change in output load on the primary resonant flyback converter in combination with at least one of an input voltage into the primary resonant flyback converter and a DC bus voltage of the primary resonant flyback converter.

US Pat. No. 10,170,973

SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER CIRCUIT AND SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A synchronous rectifier circuit used in a switching power supply apparatus that performs synchronous rectification, the synchronous rectifier circuit comprising:a transistor configured to perform switching operation in accordance with a control voltage applied to a first terminal; and
a control circuit configured to include a second terminal and apply the control voltage to the first terminal, the second terminal being connected to a capacitor which stores electric charge to be supplied to the first terminal and being applied with a first direct-current voltage obtained through synchronous rectification and equal to or smaller than a withstand voltage of a gate of the transistor as well as equal to or larger than a threshold voltage of the transistor, a maximum value of the control voltage being the first direct-current voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,170,971

DUAL POLE DUAL BUCKING MAGNET LINEAR ACTUATOR

Oracle International Corp...

1. A linear actuator comprising:a magnet assembly, the magnet assembly comprising:
a central magnet comprising a north pole and a south pole;
a pair of bucking magnets disposed on opposite ends of the central magnet, the pair of bucking magnets comprising a first bucking magnet and a second bucking magnet;
wherein the first bucking magnet is disposed adjacent to the central magnet such that a north pole of the first bucking magnet faces the north pole of the central magnet;
wherein the second bucking magnet is disposed adjacent to the central magnet such that a south pole of the second bucking magnet faces the south pole of the central magnet;
a coil-and-housing assembly, the coil-and-housing assembly comprising:
first coil portion disposed around a first portion of the central magnet and at least a portion of the first bucking magnet;
a second coil portion disposed around a second portion of the central magnet and at least a portion of the second bucking magnet;
a housing disposed around both the first coil portion and the second coil portion, the housing comprising (a) an inner wall facing the first coil portion and the second coil portion and (b) an outer wall;
wherein a current flowing in the first coil portion is in an opposite direction of a current flowing in the second coil portion.

US Pat. No. 10,170,968

VIBRATION MOTOR

AAC TECHNOLOGIES PTE. LTD...

1. A vibration motor, comprising:a housing having a receiving space;
a vibration unit accommodated in the receiving space, the vibration unit including a main weight, a main pole plate, a main magnet carried by the main pole plate, an auxiliary weight, an auxiliary pole plate, and an auxiliary magnet carried by the auxiliary pole plate, the main weight comprising a first weight, and a second weight opposed to and apart from the first weight;
a plurality of elastic members suspending the vibration unit in the receiving space; wherein
the main magnet is sandwiched between the first and second weights, and two ends of the main pole plate are respectively connected to the first weight and the second weight.

US Pat. No. 10,170,967

VIBRATION MOTOR

AAC TECHNOLOGIES PTE. LTD...

1. A vibration motor comprising:a housing;
an elastic connecting piece accommodated in the housing;
a fixed component;
a vibrating component suspended in the housing by the elastic connecting piece;
one of the fixed component and the vibrating component including a coil, and the other one of the fixed component and the vibrating component including a magnet; and
a damping piece integrated with the elastic connecting piece, wherein the elastic connecting piece comprises a first connecting part connecting with the vibrating component, a second connecting part connecting with the housing, and a middle connecting part connecting the first connecting part with the second connecting part, the damping piece is coated in a periphery of the middle connecting part.

US Pat. No. 10,170,966

VIBRATION MOTOR

AAC TECHNOLOGIES PTE. LTD...

1. A vibration motor, comprising:a housing forming an accommodation space, the housing including a first side wall extending along a vibration direction of the vibration motor and a second side wall connecting with the first side wall and extending along a direction vertical to vibration direction;
a vibration system accommodated in the accommodation space, the vibration system having an end surface arranged opposite to the second side wall;
an elastic part suspending the vibration system in the accommodation space elastically, the elastic part comprising a fixation portion connected with the end surface of the vibration system, and an elastic portion extending from two ends of the fixation portion for providing restoring force to the vibration system, wherein
the elastic portion includes a hindering portion for baffling the vibration system from vibration in the vibration direction;
the elastic portion includes a first connecting portion extending from the fixation portion, an abutting portion extending from the first connecting portion, a second connecting portion extending from the abutting portion, and an and the end portion extending from the second connecting portion; the end portion is connected with the second side wall fixedly; the abutting portion is propped against the first side wall; and the abutting portion serves as the hindering portion.

US Pat. No. 10,170,965

LINEAR VIBRATION MOTOR

AAC TECHNOLOGIES PTE. LTD...

1. A linear vibration motor, comprising:a housing having an accommodation space;
a vibrator accommodated in the housing;
an elastic part suspending the vibrator in the housing, the elastic part including a fixation part connecting with the vibrator, a connecting part connecting with the housing, and a bending part connecting the fixation part with the connecting part;
a plurality of pre-compressed springs arranged on two sides of the vibrator; one end of the spring being connected with the vibrator, and the other end being connected with the housing, a pre-compression direction of the spring being vertical to a vibration direction of the vibrator;
wherein the vibrator includes a plurality of flutes for receiving the pre-compressed springs.

US Pat. No. 10,170,963

ARMATURE FOR ELECTROMECHANICAL DEVICE WHICH CONVERTS ELECTRICAL ENERGY AND MECHANICAL ENERGY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

HAYASHI INDUSTRY CO., LTD...

1. An armature 100 that constitutes an electromechanical device that converts electrical and mechanical energy, the armature comprising:a plurality of distributedly wound coils 10, each coil 10 having a first storage section 11a, a second storage section 11b, and a first coil end 12a and a second coil end 12b that electrically connect the first storage section 11a and the second storage section 11b; and
a stator core or rotor 20 having a plurality of slots 22 in which the coils 10 are stored,
wherein in each coil 10, between a first radial section formed by a winding-start section 10a and a second radial section formed by a winding-end section 10b of windings 10A constituting the coil 10, circumferential lengths of winding lap sections formed by the windings 10A change in a continuous or stepped manner,
a first coil 10, the first storage section 11a and second storage section 11b of which are stored in two slots 22, has a twisted section 10d formed in each of its first coil end 12a and second coil end 12b, whereby sequences within the two slots 22 of the windings 10A constituting the first coil 10 are reversed with respect to each other,
a second coil 10, stored in next two slots 22 after the slots 22 in which the first coil 10 is stored, has twisted sections 10d that are shifted relative to the twisted sections 10d of the first coil 10 by an amount of pitch between the respective slots 22, whereby the twisted sections 10d of the first coil 10 and the second coil 10 become three-dimensionally entwined in a lap winding, and
the lap windings of the twisted sections 10d continue for a third coil 10 and subsequent coils 10, such that the first coil ends 12a and the second coil ends 12b of the coils 10 are continuous without spaces at an end face of the stator core or rotor 20.

US Pat. No. 10,170,960

ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM

1. An energy harvesting system for converting kinetic energy to electrical power, the energy harvesting system comprising:a) an intake energy device comprising a housing and a plurality of fins, wherein the fins are positioned on an inner surface of the housing for receiving exhaust air and generating a vortex;
b) an impeller positioned proximal to an inlet of a compressor and in fluid communication with the intake energy device, the impeller configured to receive the generated vortex, the impeller has an impeller rotational axis and directs the exhaust air to flow radially outwardly from an axis defined by the impeller rotational axis of the impeller, wherein the generated vortex rotates the impeller; and
c) a generator rotatably connected to the impeller, wherein the generator is electrically connected to a regulating circuit;
wherein the inlet to the compressor is mounted radially relative to the impeller to receive the exhaust air from the impeller.

US Pat. No. 10,170,958

BELT PULLEY ARRANGEMENT FOR A BELT DRIVE FOR DRIVING AUXILIARY UNITS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND A METHOD FOR DRIVING A MOTOR VEHICLE AUXILIARY UNIT THAT IS CONNECTED BY MEANS OF A BELT PULLEY ARRANGEMENT

1. A belt pulley arrangement for a belt drive for driving auxiliary units in a motor vehicle, comprisinga belt pulley for introducing a torque that is provided by a traction mechanism,
a driven shaft for driving an auxiliary unit,
an electric machine for transferring torque between the belt pulley and the driven shaft, wherein the electric machine has a rotor connected to the belt pulley and a stator connected to the driven shaft, wherein the electric machine has an electrical connection to an electrical energy source for accelerating the driven shaft and an electrical energy sink for braking the driven shaft,
a first rotational speed measurement device that detects a time curve of a rotational speed of the belt pulley and a second rotational speed measurement device that detects a time curve of a rotational speed of the driven shaft, and
a controller connected to at least one of the electrical energy source or the electrical energy sink that is configured to control the time curve of the rotational speed of the driven shaft through a time limited electrical connection of at least one of the energy source or energy sink in reaction to at least one of the detected time curves.

US Pat. No. 10,170,957

CONTROLLING DEVICE INTEGRATED ROTATING ELECTRIC MACHINE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A controlling device integrated rotating electric machine comprising:a rotating electric machine's main body having a rotor winding and a stator winding,
a power converter circuit connected to the rotor winding and the stator winding and having a control board, a power module and a smoothing condenser,
a heat sink attached to a rear side of the rotating electric machine's main body and having heat radiating fins formed on a front side,
a case fixed to the rear side of the heat sink, the case containing the control board and the power module of the power converter circuit,
a container portion extending outward towards a front side from the case, and
a sealing resin body sealing the control board and the power module contained in the case,
wherein the smoothing condenser of the power converter circuit is contained in the container portion.

US Pat. No. 10,170,929

POWER NODE COMMUNICATION FOR DEVICE DETECTION AND CONTROL

Analog Devices Global, H...

1. An electronic circuit, comprising:a source circuit, comprising:
a direct current (DC) output terminal;
a current limiting circuit; and
a source control circuit configured to provide a current-limited DC output voltage to the DC output terminal using the current limiting circuit and configured to monitor the current-limited DC output voltage to detect a coded authentication signal generated by a load circuit and imposed at the DC output terminal by the load circuit, and in response to detecting the coded authentication signal imposed by the load circuit, the source control circuit configured to bypass the current limiting circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,170,918

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WIRELESS CHARGING SYSTEM

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a battery; and
a wireless charging system in electronic communication with the battery, the wireless charging system configured to:
inductively couple to a wireless charging device;
predict an event time at which an event of the electronic device will occur;
determine a charge time at which charging should commence such that the battery reaches a threshold charge value at a threshold time that is prior to or substantially the same as the event time; and
initiate charging of the battery at the charge time.

US Pat. No. 10,170,916

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE, POWER MANAGEMENT DEVICE, MOBILE TERMINAL AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. An energy storage device comprising:at least one battery pack;
a communication module connected to the at least one battery pack, and configured to transmit power-on information or energy storage amount information to a power management device and to receive a charge command or a discharge command from the power management device;
a connector configured to receive alternating current (AC) power, supplied to an internal power network through a photovoltaic module, from the internal power network based on the charge command or to output AC power to the internal power network based on the discharge command; and
a power converter disposed between the connector and the at least one battery pack, and configured to, when the charge command is received from the power management device, convert the AC power from the internal power network into direct current (DC) power based on the charge command, or, when the discharge command is received from the power management device, convert DC power stored in the at least one battery pack into AC power based on the discharge command,
wherein the communication module transmits a pairing request signal as the power-on information to the power management device when the energy storage device is powered on, and then receives a pairing response signal including information about a radio channel allocated by the power management device from the power management device, and performs wireless data communication with the power management device over a radio channel different from that of another energy storage device, and
wherein after paring completion, the communication module receives the charge command or the discharge command from the power management device, and transmits energy storage amount information of energy stored in the at least one battery pack to the power management device.

US Pat. No. 10,170,915

ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, ENERGY MANAGEMENT METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. A non-transitory computer readable storage medium storing a computer program for causing a computer to operate as an energy management system for managing an operation state of an electric power device including a storage battery connected to a power grid, the computer program comprising:a first step of acquiring static parameters to be used in controlling the electric power device; and
a second step of controlling the electric power device based on the acquired static parameters, wherein
the static parameters acquired in the first step are commonly used irrespective of whether the storage battery is circulation type or non-circulation type, and the static parameters are at least five types of parameters including:
a storage battery capacity, being an energy capacity of the storage battery that can be delivered from a fully charged state;
dischargeable power, being a limit value of power that the storage battery can discharge;
chargeable power, being a limit value of power that the storage battery can be charged;
discharge efficiency, being a proportion of output power relative to stored power when the storage battery discharges; and
charge efficiency, being a proportion of stored power relative to input power when the storage battery is charged.

US Pat. No. 10,170,914

VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTER (VSC) CONTROL SYSTEM WITH ACTIVE DAMPING

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A Voltage Source Converter control system for active damping of a resonance oscillation in a Voltage Source Converter (VSC), the resonance oscillation having a frequency which is above a synchronous frequency but less than two times said synchronous frequency, the control system comprising:a first Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) having a first PLL controller; and
a second PLL having a second PLL controller, the second PLL controller having a gain which is lower than a gain of the first PLL controller,
wherein the control system is arranged such that an imaginary part of an active damping signal is obtainable from the second PLL; and
wherein the second PLL is configured for having a closed-loop bandwidth which is less than the frequency of the resonance oscillation to be dampened in a synchronous dq frame.

US Pat. No. 10,170,912

DYNAMIC HYBRID CONTROL

Kongsberg Maritime AS, K...

1. A system for controlling a power plant in a marine vessel, the power plant comprising;at least one switchboard including at least one switching device, and at least one consumer; and
at least one power generator supplying electrical energy to the at least one switchboard; and
at least one energy storage device coupled to the switchboard capable of storing excess energy from the switchboard, and capable of sourcing the stored energy through the switchboard to the at least one consumer;
wherein the at least one power generator, the at least one energy storage device, and the at least one consumer are coupled to a Dynamic Hybrid Control (DHC) unit, the control unit controlling the flow of energy on the at least one switchboard;
the DHC unit further comprising;
measurement means for monitoring predetermined power plant and vessel related parameters; and
computational means for computing and predicting power and energy requirements in the power plant for varying time spans into the future, based upon data including, the parameters monitored by the measurement means, pre-determined models, and expected energy flow trends related to the at least one power generator, the at least one energy storage element, and the at least one consumer,
wherein the system utilizes the power and energy requirements predicted by the computational means for pre-planning and allocating of power and energy between the at least one power generator, the at least one energy storage element and the at least one consumer for minimizing transients, including voltage, frequency variations in the power plant and load variations on the at least one power generator due to the transients; and,
wherein the system transmits feedforward signals for functions including, the prediction, the pre-planning and the allocation; the feedforward signals including,
power demand;
adapting energy storage devices for handling the transients;
adapting set-point of the at least one power generator; and setting load limitation on the at least one consumer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,911

PROVIDING PHASE SYNCHRONIZATION AND HARMONIC HARVESTING

Veritone Alpha, Inc., Co...

7. A system for reducing one or more harmonics in a high current signal, the system comprising:a step-down converter that uses the high current input signal to generate a low current input signal, wherein a current of the low current input signal is less than a current of the high current input signal;
a harmonic harvester system that includes one or more harmonic harvesters, wherein each harmonic harvester in operation uses one or more op amps to produce a damping signal that at least reduces one harmonic in the high current input signal, wherein the harmonic harvester system combines each damping signal produced by each harmonic harvester into a low current filtering signal, and wherein at least one harmonic harvester in operation satisfies a second-order differential equation with a transfer function given by:

wherein ? represents a harmonic to be reduced by the at least one harmonic harvester, wherein a value for k is chosen based on a voltage of the harmonic to be reduced, and wherein a value for ? is chosen to substantially prevent overshoot of the low current damping signal produced by the at least one harmonic harvester; and
a step-up converter that uses the low current filtering signal to generate a high current filtering signal, wherein a current of the low current filtering signal is less than a current of the high current filtering signal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,909

CONVERTER AND PHOTOVOLTAIC GENERATION SYSTEMS WITH CONVERTER

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. A converter for use in a distributed power system for stepping up or down a voltage of a power source connected thereto, the converter being a local converter directly attached to the power source, the converter comprising:a step up/down circuit that directly receives said voltage, steps up or steps down said voltage from the power source, and then outputs said stepped up/down voltage;
a control circuit directly connected to the step up/down circuit to direct said voltage from the power source and transmits a control signal for stepping up or stepping down said voltage to said step up/down circuit; and
a frontend circuit that communicates with another converter attached to another power source in the distributed power system when said another power source with said another converter is connected to the distributed power system,
wherein said control circuit generates an identification signal that identifies said converter and transmits said identification signal through the frontend circuit, and said control circuit is configured to receive an identification signal from said another converter through the frontend circuit without going through a central control system when said another power source with said another converter is connected to the distributed power system so as to detect the presence of said another converter without using the central control system.

US Pat. No. 10,170,908

PORTABLE DEVICE CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. An apparatus for managing and distributing battery power charge, comprising:multiple electronic devices each having at least one electronic device battery in need of charging;
a computing device having a computing device battery;
a signal receiving component within said computing device comprises multiple ports such that:
the signal receiving component receives at least input battery signal data from the multiple electronic devices, and
the signal receiving component transfers an allocated amount of battery power to each of the multiple electronic devices,
the input battery signal data including battery power level data of each electronic device battery in need of charging;
a monitoring component within said computing device continuously monitoring and receiving the input battery signal data from the signal receiving component;
a controller within said computing device receiving and analyzing the input battery signal data to determine, based on the battery power level data, the allocated amount of battery power charge required for charging each said electronic device battery to a desired battery charge level; and
a charge distribution unit within the computing device receiving each allocated amount of battery power charge, the computing device via the charge distribution unit transferring each allocated amount of battery power charge from the computing device battery to each electronic device battery of the multiple electronic devices to continuously maintain and ensure battery power is available on each electronic device at a time when needed.

US Pat. No. 10,170,907

DYNAMIC ESD PROTECTION SCHEME

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. An electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection circuit to protect a circuit from an ESD event, the ESD protection circuit comprising:a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) based ESD protection circuit including a field plate overlying a base region of the BJT based ESD protection circuit; and
a dynamic field plate bias circuit coupled to the field plate of the BJT based ESD protection circuit and configured to provide the field plate a field plate bias at transient different from a field plate bias at a normal operation.

US Pat. No. 10,170,905

ELECTRONIC SWITCHING AND PROTECTION CIRCUIT WITH WAKEUP FUNCTION

INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES AG,...

1. An electronic circuit, comprising:an electronic switch comprising a load path; and
a control circuit configured to drive the electronic switch,
wherein the control circuit is configured to operate in one of a first operation mode and a second operation mode based at least on a level of a load current of the electronic switch,
wherein in the first operation mode the control circuit is configured to generate a first protection signal based on a current-time-characteristic of the load current and drive the electronic switch based on the first protection signal, and
wherein the control circuit is configured to generate a status signal such that the status signal has a wakeup pulse when the operation mode changes from the second operation mode to the first operation mode and, after the wakeup pulse, a signal level representing a level of the load current.

US Pat. No. 10,170,904

SURGE REDUCTION FILTER

PIVOT ELECTRONICS PTY LTD...

1. A surge reduction filter (SRF) comprising:a cartridge including a cartridge housing and a plurality of contact points;
a first active connection point for connection to an active line of an AC power supply, and a first neutral connection point for connection to a neutral line of the AC power supply, the active and neutral connection points being located to be accessible from outside the cartridge;
a first fuse and a first surge protection element electrically connected in series between the first active connection point and the first neutral connection point;
a status circuit to monitor the first surge protection element;
an indicator electrically connected to the status circuit to indicate at least a normal status and a fault status of the first surge protection element, the status circuit detecting a change in voltage at a point between the first fuse and the first surge protection element and creating a fault indication when a voltage change is detected due to the first fuse operating;
a cartridge tray into which the cartridge is insertable;
a plurality of connectors projecting from a base of the cartridge tray;
a plurality of co-operating connectors projecting from the cartridge and associated with the plurality of contact points of the cartridge, wherein the plurality of co-operating connectors co-operate with the plurality of connectors of the base to connect the status circuit to an external circuit comprising the AC supply, and wherein each of the active line and the neutral line of the AC power supply is a single piece of solid metal conductor with no intermediate joins or connections and being routed under the tray.

US Pat. No. 10,170,901

STACKED BUS ASSEMBLY WITH STEPPED PROFILE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A bus bar assembly, the bus bar assembly comprising:a stack of bus bars configured to be attached to a surface and insulated from one another, wherein the bus bars have aligned longitudinal centerlines and respective different widths in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal centerlines and parallel to the surface that decrease along a direction perpendicular to the surface, wherein the stack of bus bars comprises:
a first bus bar having a first width;
a second bus bar overlying the first bus bar and having a second width less than the first width; and
a third bus bar overlying the second bus bar and having a third width less than the second width.

US Pat. No. 10,170,900

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION BOX

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. An electrical connection box comprising:a bus bar;
a case to which the bus bar is fixed;
a terminal that is connected to the bus bar;
a fixing member that fixes a connection portion at which the terminal and the bus bar are connected to each other; and
a base member that holds the fixing member, the base member disposed on a portion of the case and underneath the connection portion;
wherein the fixing member and the base member are disposed at a position at which the fixing member and the base member overlap the connection portion of the bus bar, and when the connection portion at which the terminal and the bus bar are connected to each other is fixed, the base member moves in a direction in which the base member comes into contact with the bus bar, wherein an under surface of the base member is spaced apart and free from the portion of the case.

US Pat. No. 10,170,899

METHOD FOR CONNECTING AT LEAST TWO ELECTRIC CABLES AND CONNECTION DEVICE, KIT, ELECTRIC MACHINE AND ASSOCIATED VEHICLE

1. A connecting device including electric cables connected to an electric machine of a vehicle, said connecting device comprising:at least two contact elements;
a housing having a first housing wall provided with at least two first openings for allowing passage of the cables in a first direction and in a straight line within the housing to meet the contact elements for electrical connection therewith in one-to-one correspondence, and a second housing wall provided with at least two second openings for allowing passage of the cables in a second direction oriented in a straight line within the housing;
wherein only one of the cables directly meets one of the contact elements for electrical connection therewith, while a conductor bar electrically connects the other one of the cables to the other one of the contact elements; and
an isolating support provided in the housing,
said conductor bar being placed on the isolating support and on the other one of the contact elements and one side of the conductor bar connected with the other one of the contact elements, and the other one of the cables being attached to the conductor bar to establish electrical contact via the conductor bar,
wherein the electric cables are connected to the electric machine of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,170,898

SIGNAL LEAKAGE PROOF HOUSING FOR SIGNAL DISTRIBUTORS

Signal Cable System Co., ...

1. A signal leakage proof housing for signal distributors, comprising:a metal case, comprising:
a plurality of signal connection terminals;
a circumferential side wall, comprising:
a top surface, comprising:
a plurality of fixing protrusions arranged at intervals on and around the top surface;
at least one rib on and around the top surface; and
a metal cover plate comprising:
a bottom surface, comprising;
a plurality of fixing holes on and around the bottom surface; wherein,
when the metal case and the metal cover plate are assembled together, the plurality of fixing protrusions each respectively pass through the corresponding fixing holes and fix with each other; wherein,
each one of the at least one rib is in direct contact with the bottom surface of the metal cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,170,897

WIRE HARNESS EQUIPPED WITH PROTECTOR

SUMITOMO WIRING SYSTEMS, ...

1. A protector-equipped wire harness comprising,an electrical wire;
a protector that includes a plate-shaped portion, a slide supporting portion that is formed so as to extend inward in a first direction from one edge portion of the plate-shaped portion, and a receiver that is provided on a far side with respect to the slide supporting portion, the protector being provided so as to cover at least a portion of an outer circumferential surface of the electrical wire; and
an attachment member that includes a band that can be wound around the electrical wire, and a band lock portion that includes a slidable portion that is supported by the slide supporting portion so as to be slidable in the first direction, the band lock portion keeping the band in a state of being wound around the electrical wire,
wherein the protector and the attachment member are fixed to each other in a state where the band lock portion of the attachment member is in contact with the receiver, and
the protector includes a retaining protrusion that is locked to the band lock portion from a side to prevent the slidable portion from coming loose from the slide supporting portion in a state where the band lock portion is in contact with the receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,170,896

ENCLOSURE, AND WINDOW ASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLING METHOD THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A window assembly for an enclosure, said window assembly comprising:a cover member;
a first frame member coupled to said cover member;
a second frame member coupled to said cover member; and
a window member coupled to and disposed between said cover member and said first frame member,
wherein said cover member is disposed between said second frame member and said window member
wherein said window assembly further comprises a number of elements extending through said cover member in order to couple said cover member, said first frame member, said second frame member, and said window member together.

US Pat. No. 10,170,894

MULTIPOINT IGNITION DEVICE AND MULTIPOINT IGNITION ENGINE

Miyama, Inc., Nagano-shi...

1. A multipoint ignition device for igniting an air-fuel mixture in a combustion chamber of an engine, comprising:an insulating member formed in an annular shape such that an inner periphery thereof faces the combustion chamber; and
a plurality of electrodes held on the insulating member so as to form a plurality of ignition gaps in a circumferential direction inside the combustion chamber,
wherein the insulating member includes a plurality of divided insulating members formed in divided form, and
the divided insulating member close to an intake valve of the engine has a higher thermal conductivity than the divided insulating member close to an exhaust valve of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,170,892

LASER UNIT AND LASER DEVICE

AMADA MIYACHI CO., LTD., ...

1. A laser unit comprising:a first stacked laser beam creation unit having a plurality of first single emitter laser diodes (LDs) disposed in a first direction at a plurality of different height positions with a predetermined pitch, each of the plurality of first single emitter LDs emitting a first single laser beam having a wavelength identical or proximate to a standard wavelength, a plurality of first single laser beams arranged in a stacked form and not contacting each other to create a first stacked laser beam bundle being shifted to one side from a predetermined center line (N) and propagating in parallel to the center line (N);
a second stacked laser beam creation unit disposed adjacent to the first stacked laser beam creation unit and having a plurality of second single emitter LDs disposed in the first direction at the plurality of different height positions with the predetermined pitch, each of the plurality of second single emitter LDs emitting a second single laser beam having a wavelength identical or proximate to the standard wavelength, a plurality of second single laser beams arranged in a stacked form and not contacting each other to create a second stacked laser beam bundle being shifted to another side from the center line (N) and propagating in parallel to the center line (N);
a first anamorphic prism that allows the first stacked laser beam bundle from the first stacked laser beam creation unit to pass therethrough, wherein a beam size of individual first single laser beams that form the first stacked laser beam bundle is compressed by a first compression ratio in one of a fast-axis direction and a slow-axis direction, and an optical path of the first stacked laser beam bundle is shifted so as to approach the center line (N); and
a second anamorphic prism that allows the second stacked laser beam bundle from the second stacked laser beam creation unit to pass therethrough, wherein a beam size of the individual second single laser beams that form the second stacked laser beam bundle is compressed by a second compression ratio in the one of the fast-axis direction and the slow-axis direction, and an optical path of the second stacked laser beam bundle is shifted so as to approach the center line (N), wherein
a combined stacked laser beam bundle combining the first stacked laser beam bundle and the second stacked laser beam bundle being arranged in two lines is obtained on a subsequent stage of first and second anamorphic prisms.

US Pat. No. 10,170,891

ALGAINP-BASED SEMICONDUCTOR LASER

USHIO OPTO SEMICONDUCTORS...

1. A semiconductor laser chip comprising:an n-type cladding layer having a composition of (AlxnGa1-xn)0.5In0.5P where 0.9 a p-type cladding layer having a composition of (AlxpGa1-xp)0.5In0.5P where 0.92 an active layer provided between the n-type cladding layer and the p-type cladding layer,
wherein the Al composition ratio xp of the p-type cladding layer and the Al composition ratio xn of the n-type cladding layer satisfies a relationship of xn wherein a difference between the Al composition ratio xp of the p-type cladding layer and the Al composition ratio xn of the n-type cladding layer satisfies a relationship of 0.03<=xp?xn<=0.06.

US Pat. No. 10,170,890

METHOD OF FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL DEVICE AND SURFACE-EMITTING SEMICONDUCTOR LASER

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. A surface-emitting semiconductor laser comprising: a substrate; a first stacked semiconductor layer disposed on the substrate and including a first distributed Bragg reflector; an active layer disposed on the first stacked semiconductor layer; and a second stacked semiconductor layer disposed on the active layer and including a second distributed Bragg reflector; a first electrode; and a second electrode, the substrate, the first and second stacked semiconductor layers and the active layer providing a semiconductor structure with a first structure side, a second structure side opposite to the first structure side, and a side structure surface that extends from the second structure side to the first structure side, the side structure surface having an upper side free of chipping, the first electrode and the second electrode each being provided on the first structure side of the semiconductor structure, the semiconductor structure being formed by:preparing a substrate product that includes a first side and a second side opposite to the first side, the first side including device sections arranged in an array and a street region extending between the device sections, at least one of the device sections including the first and second electrodes and the semiconductor structure for the surface-emitting semiconductor laser;
forming a first mask on the first side of the substrate product, the first mask having a pattern that includes device covering portions covering the respective device sections and an opening defining the device covering portions, the opening being provided in the street region;
etching the substrate product using the first mask so as to form a groove in the street region, the groove defining the device sections;
after removing the first mask, securing the first side of the substrate product to a first support member; and
after securing the first side of the substrate product to the first support member, forming an array of semiconductor chips on the first support member by removing part of the substrate product from the second side until the groove provided in the first side is exposed so as to separate the at least one device section including the first and second electrodes and the semiconductor structure from other device sections to provide the surface-emitting semiconductor laser.

US Pat. No. 10,170,888

DUAL-USE LASER SOURCE COMPRISING A CASCADED ARRAY OF HYBRID DISTRIBUTED FEEDBACK LASERS

Oracle International Corp...

1. A laser source, comprising:a silicon waveguide formed in a silicon layer; and
a cascaded array of hybrid distributed feedback (DFB) lasers formed by locating sections of III-V gain material over the silicon waveguide;
wherein each DFB laser in the cascaded array comprises,
a section of III-V gain material located over the silicon waveguide, wherein the section of III-V gain material includes an active region that generates light, and
a Bragg grating located on the silicon waveguide, wherein the Bragg grating has a resonance frequency within a gain bandwidth of the section of III-V material and is transparent to frequencies that differ from the resonance frequency,
wherein the DFB laser has a hybrid mode that resides partially in the III-V gain material and partially in silicon.

US Pat. No. 10,170,887

SURFACE EMITTING LASER ELEMENT AND ATOMIC OSCILLATOR

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A surface emitting laser element comprising:a lower Bragg reflection mirror;
an upper Bragg reflection mirror; and
a resonator region formed between the lower Bragg reflection mirror and the upper Bragg reflection mirror, and including an active layer,
wherein a wavelength adjustment region is formed in the lower Bragg reflection mirror or the upper Bragg reflection mirror,
wherein the wavelength adjustment region includes a second phase adjustment layer, a wavelength adjustment layer and a first phase adjustment layer, arranged in this order from a side where the resonator region is formed,
wherein an optical thickness of the wavelength adjustment region is approximately (2N+1)×?/4, and
wherein the wavelength adjustment layer is formed at a position where an optical distance from an end of the wavelength adjustment region on the side where the resonator region is formed is approximately M×?/2,
where ? is a wavelength of emitted light, M and N are positive integers, and M is less than or equal to N.

US Pat. No. 10,170,885

CURRENT CONTROL DEVICE AND LASER DEVICE

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. A current control device that supplies a current to a semiconductor laser in order to output laser light from the semiconductor laser, the current control device comprising:a processor configured to output a command value corresponding to a current value by continuously increasing the command value with a lapse of time until reaching a target command value corresponding to the current value to output the laser light with a predetermined strength; and
a circuit configured to supply a current with a size corresponding to the command value output by the processor to the semiconductor laser.

US Pat. No. 10,170,884

SINGLE PULSE LASER APPARATUS

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. A single pulse laser apparatus comprising:a first mirror and a second mirror disposed at both ends of the single pulse laser apparatus and having reflectivities of a predetermined level or more;
a gain medium rotated at a predetermined angle and configured to oscillate a laser beam in a manual mode-locking state;
a linear polarizer configured to output a beam having a specific polarized component of the oscillated laser beam;
an etalon configured to adjust a pulse width of the oscillated laser beam; and
an electro-optic modulator configured to perform Q-switching and single pulse switching.

US Pat. No. 10,170,881

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING AN INSERTION-TYPE CONNECTOR

1. A method of manufacturing an insertion-type connector having a plurality of first, mutually electrically insulated conductor contacts, said method including:cutting said first conductor contacts designed for transmission of RF signals from a metal sheet such that they are connected together via a connecting part of the metal sheet;
cutting a plurality of second conductor contacts, which are connected together from said metal sheet;
partially embedding the first and second conductor contacts in an electrically insulating material to form an electrically insulating housing; and
separating off the connecting part, the separating-off taking place at a defined distance from the edge of the housing, wherein the plurality of second conductor contacts form a conductor contact plate and are not electrically separated from one another, and wherein residual portions of the first conductor contacts are used in soldered connections to other conductors;
such that said housing forms a connector for connection to a mating insertion-type connector.

US Pat. No. 10,170,879

POWER DISTRIBUTION UNIT HAVING A RELEASABLE LOCK

International Business Ma...

1. A power distribution unit, comprising:a connector to connect an input power supply and a plurality of power outlet sockets for receiving plugs having a number of pins, each power outlet socket comprising:
a mechanical locking mechanism movable between a locked position and an unlocked position when a plug is inserted into the power outlet socket to lock and unlock a plug pin in the power outlet socket;
an actuatable first release element by which the mechanical locking mechanism can be moved from its locked position into its unlocked position; and
an electrically actuatable second release element by which the mechanical locking mechanism can be moved from its locked position into its unlocked position.

US Pat. No. 10,170,878

JUNCTION BOX WITH AN INTEGRATED CONNECTION CIRCUIT

1. A junction box with an integrated connection circuit comprising:a junction box configured to accept external wiring with a common, neutral and a ground;
said junction box is an adjustable electrical box;
said junction box connects said external wiring to an internal circuit;
said internal circuit is an internal distribution receptacle;
said internal distribution receptacle is positionable within said adjustable electrical box to provide spacing for said external wiring within said adjustable electrical box and behind said internal distribution receptacle;
said adjustable electrical box has two independent racks integrated into opposing sides of said adjustable electrical box;
said internal distribution receptacle has two independent springs that are configured to engage into said two independent racks whereby said internal distribution receptacle is prevented from moving further into or out of said adjustable electrical box;
said junction box having at least two mechanical securing locations that are configured to secure a user interface device to said junction box;
said user interface device is a switch or an outlet, and
said user interface device electrically connects to at least said common and said neutral.

US Pat. No. 10,170,877

CONNECTING DEVICE, ASSEMBLY THEREOF AND ASSEMBLY METHOD THEREFOR

JACKSAVIOR IP B.V., (NL)...

1. Connecting device for insertion into a connection jack, said connecting device comprising:a substantially elongated inserting member that is extending in a longitudinal direction and that is insertable into the connection jack of an electronic device, said inserting member further comprising a transverse direction extending transverse thereto, said inserting member further comprising an outer surface with at least two electrically conductive parts with insulating material arranged there between;
wherein the inserting member is configured to, by means of compression, clamping at least two wire ends between an inner wall of the least one of the at least two electrically conductive parts and an outer wall of an insulation member, mechanically and electrically connect the at least two electrically conductive parts with the at least two wire ends of a connection cable within a space enclosed by the outer surface of the inserting member, wherein the at least two wire ends of the connection cable extend directly from the connection cable into the inserting member without any electrical connection between exiting the connection cable and entering the inserting member, and all of the electrical connections between wires extending from the connection cable and the at least two electrically conductive parts take place within the inserting member; and
the inserting member is configured such that wires of the connection cable branch out in different directions inside the space enclosed by the outer surface of the inserting member.

US Pat. No. 10,170,876

ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS HAVING A PLURALITY OF PINS AND SOCKETS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A plug comprising an interface having a plurality of pins extending therefrom, wherein the plug has a plug density of at least 280 pins/in2, and wherein the plurality of pins is positioned in at least three rows along a longitudinal axis of the interface, wherein a distance between a center-point of any two adjacent pins of the plurality of pins is about 0.045 inches to about 0.055 inches.

US Pat. No. 10,170,875

CABLE CONNECTOR GROUPING APPARATUS

International Business Ma...

1. A system comprising:a first connector and a second connector, the first connector to be received in a first housing, the second connector to be received in a second housing, the first housing having a first variable aperture and the second housing having a second variable aperture;
the first housing removeably interconnected with the second housing; and
each housing having a separate retainer, including a first retainer for the first housing and a second retainer for the second housing, the first retainer to adjust a first aperture size of the first aperture and the second retainer to adjust a second aperture size of the second aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,170,874

CABLE ASSEMBLY HAVING A SUBSTRATE WITH MULTIPLE PASSIVE FILTERING DEVICES BETWEEN TWO SECTIONS OF THE CABLE ASSEMBLY

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A cable assembly comprising:multiple electrical cables arranged in a first cable section and a second cable section, each electrical cable having a pair of signal conductors configured to convey differential signals, each of the first cable section and the second cable section having a connector end and a device end; and
a filtering module including a substrate and multiple passive filtering devices mounted on the substrate, the filtering module disposed between the first cable section and the second cable section along a length of the cable assembly and mechanically connected to the respective device ends of the first and second cable sections, the passive filtering devices electrically connected to the signal conductors of the electrical cables,
wherein the connector ends of the first and second cable sections are configured to be electrically connected to corresponding first and second connectors, and the filtering module is configured to filter electrical signals conveyed along the electrical cables between the first and second connectors.

US Pat. No. 10,170,873

ILLUMINATED LATCH RELEASE FOR CABLE

International Business Ma...

1. A cable connector, comprising:a housing comprising a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the distal end is configured for insertion into and electrical coupling with a data port of a computer chassis, and wherein the proximal end is configured to receive at least one data cable;
a pull tab connected to the housing and comprising an optically transparent material, the pull tab including a polished surface that is aligned with a light output of the computer chassis when the distal end of the housing is inserted into the data port of the computer chassis such that light from the light output enters through the polished surface and is distributed through the optically transparent material of the pull tab to illuminate the pull tab.

US Pat. No. 10,170,872

ELECTRICAL DEVICE

1. An electrical receptacle comprising:a body having a forward chamber and a second chamber separated by a dividing wall;
a plurality of first electrical connections in the forward chamber and a plurality of second electrical connections in the second chamber;
at least one electrical plug sensing device at least partially in the forward chamber; and
wherein electrical continuity to the plurality of first electrical connections from the plurality of second electrical connections only occurs when the at least one electrical plug sensing device senses a presence of an electrical plug in the forward chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,170,871

CONTACT ELEMENT COMPRISING A SENSOR

1. An electrical contact element comprising at least one groove with an optical fiber running in the groove wherein the optical fiber is designed as a sensor, and the groove starts at a connection side, remote from a plug-in side, of the contact element and runs to the plug-in side and ends again at the connection side.

US Pat. No. 10,170,870

FLIPPABLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. A receptacle connector, comprising:an insulating housing comprising a base and a mating tongue extending from the base, the mating tongue defining a thickened step portion at a root near to the base;
two rows of contacts with contacting section exposed to opposite surfaces of the mating tongue in front of the step portion and tail sections extending out of the base;
a pair of separate metallic collars respectively disposed upon the opposite surfaces of the step portion;
wherein two opposite ends of each metallic collar are embedded in the step portion of the insulating housing via an insert molding process.

US Pat. No. 10,170,868

CONNECTOR

JAE Electronics, Inc., I...

1. A connector, which is configured to connect an object including a ground connection portion by inserting the object into the connector from a rear side to a front side in a front-and-rear direction of the connector,the connector comprising:
a housing, which has a hole portion extending forward from an insertion slot for inserting the object;
a plurality of terminals, which are arranged in the hole portion of the housing;
a conductive shell, which is configured to at least partially cover the housing;
a grounding spring piece, which is electrically connected to the conductive shell, and is formed, apart from a terminal group including the plurality of terminals, at least one of a right side and a left side in a right-and-left direction orthogonal to the front-and-rear direction so that the grounding spring piece is brought into contact with the ground connection portion; and
a partition wall, which extends between the terminal group and the grounding spring piece along the front-and-rear direction, and is configured to partition the terminal group and the grounding spring piece.

US Pat. No. 10,170,866

SHIELDED ELECTRIC CONNECTOR

1. A shielded electrical connector, comprising:a first connector having a first end and having a second end;
a center conductor extending axially through said first connector from a first side of said center conductor at or adjacent said first end of said first connector to a second side of said center conductor in an engagement with one end of a cable running axially through said first connector and exiting at said second end thereof;
said first connector slidably positionable to an inserted position where said first end of said first connector is located within a axial cavity of a second connector, to thereby operatively connect said center conductor with an electric charged contact communicating into said axial cavity of said second connector;
an annular ring having an exterior surface and having a passage running therethrough from a first end to a second end thereof;
said engagement of said second side of said center conductor to said cable and a portion of said cable adjacent said engagement to said center conductor, being positioned within said passage which is surrounded by said annular ring;
a first portion of dielectric insulating material positioned in-between said annular ring and said engagement of said second side of said center conductor to said cable and said portion of said cable adjacent said engagement to said center conductor;
a second portion of dielectric insulating material surrounding said exterior surface of said annular ring;
an annular projecting ring extending from said first end of said annular ring, a surface of said annular projecting ring extending from said second portion of said dielectric insulating material; and
said annular projecting ring positionable to a contact with a grounded mating connecter located in said axial cavity by positioning said first connector to said inserted position, whereby said annular ring forms a shield preventing RF or EMF from exiting said axial cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,170,865

SHIELDED ELECTRIC WIRE CONNECTION STRUCTURE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A shielded electric wire connecting structure, comprising:a lower case that has a lower terminal base and houses a rotary electric machine;
an upper case that has an upper terminal base and houses an inverter, the upper case being disposed directly above the lower case so as to be opposed to the lower case;
a plurality of electric wires including first ends that are connected to the lower terminal base directly below the upper case and second ends that are connected to the upper terminal base at an end portion on a surface side of a wall of the upper case, the plurality of electric wires being placed in a state of being bent from a position directly below the upper case to a position opposed to the wall, and
a braided shield component that is attached to the plurality of electric wires without using both the lower case and the upper case, and placed to shield the plurality of electric wires only on an opposite side of the plurality of electric wires from a face thereof opposed to the upper case.

US Pat. No. 10,170,863

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:an insulative housing comprising a base portion and a tongue portion extending forwardly from the base portion;
a plurality of conductive terminals affixed to the insulative housing and each comprising a contacting portion exposed to the tongue portion;
a shielding shell enclosing the insulative housing; and
a sealer; wherein
the shielding shell comprises a plurality of locking grooves penetrating rearward and a tuber between two adjacent locking grooves,
the sealer seals a rear end of the shielding shell,
the sealer comprises a plurality of tubers engaging the locking grooves of the shielding shell, a locking groove receiving the tuber of the shielding shell, and a surrounding portion sealing a gap between the insulative housing and the shielding shell, and
the surrounding portion comprises an upper portion, a lower portion, and a pair of lateral portions connecting the upper portion and the lower portion and each comprising a receiving notch, the base portion has a pair of ears located laterally, and the receiving notches receive the ears.

US Pat. No. 10,170,860

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR FOR CABLES CONTAINING BOTH POWER AND CONTROL CONDUCTORS

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A connector for connecting control conductors provided in conduits also containing power conductors, the connector comprising:a housing having a first compartment with an open end and a closed end and a second compartment with an open end and a closed end;
a first guide positioned within the open end of the first compartment and accessible from an exterior of the housing, the first guide being configured to receive a first control conductor provided in a first conduit also containing at least one power conductor;
a second guide positioned within the open end of the first compartment and accessible from an exterior of the housing, the second guide being configured to receive a second control conductor provided in a second conduit also containing at least one power conductor;
a first jumper positioned within the first compartment and aligned with the first guide and the second guide for electrically connecting the first control conductor and the second control conductor;
a third guide positioned within the open end of the second compartment and accessible from an exterior of the housing, the third guide being configured to receive a third control conductor provided in the first conduit;
a fourth guide positioned within the open end of the second compartment and accessible from an exterior of the housing, the fourth guide being configured to receive a fourth control conductor provided in the second conduit; and
a second jumper positioned within the second compartment and aligned with the third guide and the fourth guide for electrically connecting the third control conductor and the fourth control conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,859

INTERFACE APPARATUS, INTERFACE UNIT, PROBE APPARATUS, AND CONNECTION METHOD

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. An interface apparatus comprising:a connector configured to be connected to an external connector; and
a support part configured to support the connector,
wherein the support part includes:
a base member;
a holder configured to be connected to the base member, having a hollow section defined therein, and configured to hold the connector;
a pushing member interposed between the base member and the holder, and configured to push the holder toward the external connector; and
a coupling member configured to be fixed to the base member and configured to be inserted into the hollow section of the holder with a clearance applied between the coupling member and the hollow section,
wherein the coupling member is engaged with an inner wall of the hollow section in a state in which the holder is separated from the base member at a first interval by virtue of a pushing force of the pushing member, whereby the holder is fixed to the base member, and
the coupling member is separated from the inner wall of the hollow section when the base member and the holder are separated from each other at a second interval smaller than the first interval, against the pushing force, whereby the holder is freely movable relative to the base member.

US Pat. No. 10,170,858

LEVER-TYPE CONNECTOR

SUMITOMO WIRING SYSTEMS, ...

1. A lever-type connector, comprising:a housing; and
a lever mounted on the housing movably to an initial position, a first connection position and a second connection position more distant from the initial than the first connection position;
wherein:
the lever includes a deflecting portion deflectable in a moving direction of the lever;
the housing includes a projecting portion configured to start contacting the deflecting portion halfway through a movement of the lever from the initial position to the first connection position and deflect the deflecting portion until the second connection position is reached and a lever lock portion configured to hold the lever in a movable state between the first connection position and the second connection position; and
the lever includes a receiving portion configured to contact not the lever lock portion, but the projecting portion when the second connection position is reached.

US Pat. No. 10,170,855

WATERPROOF COMPONENT HAVING A COVER WITH EXCESSIVE DISPLACEMENT PREVENTION WALL

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A waterproof component configured to insert an electric wire into an attachment hole penetrating a wall portion to lock, the waterproof component comprising:a housing body including:
an attachment hole insertion portion configured to be inserted into the attachment hole, a mat seal accommodating chamber having a bottom wall being formed inside the attachment hole insertion portion;
an abutting portion configured to abut a first peripheral surface of the attachment hole;
a locking claw provided in an elastically deformable manner on an insertion tip side of the attachment hole insertion portion, the locking claw being configured to be locked to a second peripheral surface of the attachment hole opposite to the first peripheral surface; and.
a cover locking portion provided on an insertion tip side of the attachment hole insertion portion;
a mat seal accommodated in the mat seal accommodating chamber, the mat seal having an electric wire press-fitting hole through which an electric wire is to penetrate; and
a mat seal cover locked to the cover locking portion, the mat seal cover interposing the mat seal between the mat seal cover and the bottom wall to hold the mat seal in the mat seal accommodating chamber,
wherein the mat seal cover is provided with an excessive displacement prevention wall on a side where the locking claw is elastically deformed when the locking claw is inserted into the attachment hole.

US Pat. No. 10,170,854

HOLDING FRAME FOR PLUG CONNECTOR MODULES HAVING A LEAF-SPRING-TYPE FASTENING MEANS

1. A holding frame into which plug connector modules can be inserted, wherein the holding frame comprises:two halves which can be connected to one another in a jointed manner, a first half and a second half; and
at least one locking element formed from a flat component which covers both halves at least in some regions, the locking element having at least one latching hook at an end thereof, and
wherein one half of the holding frame has at least one cut-out in which the latching hook of the locking element can engage, whereby the holding frame can be secured in an open position.

US Pat. No. 10,170,853

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ALLOWING DISASSEMBLY, ELECTRONIC MODULE, AND ASSEMBLY METHOD

Connecteurs Electriques D...

1. An electrical connector, comprising:a casing having a retaining member including a retaining projection and a retaining groove; and
a connector module having an electrically insulating contact carrier, a stop collar extending at least in sections around the contact carrier and at least partially defining a retaining recess, and a plurality of electrically conductive contacts, the connector module at least partially surrounded by the casing and retained at the casing by the retaining member, the retaining projection of the retaining member engaging the retaining recess and the retaining groove of the retaining member engaging the stop collar, the retaining member exerting a retaining force on the connector module in a direction along a mating direction of the electrical connector and the connector module removable from the retaining member in a direction transverse to the mating direction.

US Pat. No. 10,170,852

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PLUG-TYPE CONTACTS, PLUG-TYPE CONTACT AND COMPONENT ASSEMBLY COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE PLUG-TYPE CONTACT

1. A component assembly comprising at least one contact receptacle and at least one plug-type contact for producing an electric connection, with a flat connecting body and two curved limbs having two flat sides adjoining the connecting body, wherein the connecting body and the limbs are configured as a single flat piece, wherein each limb has a press-in region and an end region with a contact portion, wherein the two limbs define a substantially almond-shaped inner contour, and wherein the contact portions of the two limbs face each other and touch in a defined manner at least in sections, wherein the plug-type contact is received in the contact receptacle by being prestressed;wherein the limbs have an attachment region for attachment to the flat connecting body,
wherein the limbs have a concave constriction at a transition between the press-in region and the attachment region, said constriction being formed by curved portions of the limbs, wherein end regions of the limbs which face the connecting body furthermore have an inner rounding which merges into an inner space defined between the limbs, and wherein the concave constriction of the limbs defines a narrow point between the inner space and the inner rounding, wherein the curved portions of the limbs are configured to touch each other at the narrow point when received in the contact receptacle, and wherein the inner space is larger than the inner rounding.

US Pat. No. 10,170,851

CONNECTOR WITH A WIRELESS COUPLER

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a housing;
an electronic connector coupled to a back side of the housing, wherein the electronic connector is to communicate with a circuit board of an electronic device;
a pin located on a front side of the housing and in communication with the electronic connector;
a first alignment magnet on a first end of the housing;
a second alignment magnet on a second end of the housing located opposite the first end;
a first wireless transceiver chip that contacts the first alignment magnet; and
a second wireless transceiver chip that contacts the second alignment magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,170,850

ADJUSTING AN OPENING OF A CARD EDGE CONNECTOR USING A SET OF ELECTROACTIVE POLYMERS

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus to dynamically adjust, in a card edge connector, an opening configured to receive a printed-circuit card, the apparatus comprising:the card edge connector having a first position and a second position;
a set of contacts configured to connect with a set of edges of the printed-circuit card in the second position at both a first contact location and a second contact location, wherein a first distance between the first and the second contact locations in the first position exceeds a second distance between the first and the second contact locations in the second position; and
a set of electroactive polymers configured to change thickness in response to voltages applied to electrodes positioned adjacent to opposing faces of the set of electroactive polymers, the change of thickness adjusting the set of contacts between the first position and the second position, the set of electroactive polymers including an electroactive polymer configured to control a single contact of the set of contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,170,848

TERMINAL BLOCK LOCKOUT DEVICE

Brady Worldwide, Inc., M...

1. A lockout device configured to prevent connection between a pair of terminals of a terminal block by insertion into a space of the terminal block when the terminal block is opened, the lockout device comprising:a pair of sections rotatably coupled to one another in which each of the sections has an upper portion including a corresponding lockout opening and a lower portion for selective reception into the space of the terminal block in an open position;
wherein, the pair of sections are rotatable between an opened position and a closed position in which, in the opened position, the upper portions are misaligned and the lower portions are aligned to permit at least a portion of the lower portions to be inserted into an opening between the terminal block while opened and in which, in the closed position, the lockout openings of the upper portions are aligned to accommodate reception of a lock in the lockout openings to prevent movement away from the closed position and the lower portions are misaligned to prevent removal of the lockout device from the opening in the terminal block.

US Pat. No. 10,170,846

ELECTRODE AND CABLE CONNECTIONS IN ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY SYSTEMS

Heart Test Laboratories, ...

1. An electric cable comprising: one or more electrode connectors at a first end of the electric cable, at least one of the one or more electrode connectors comprising:first and second clamp arms connected at an axis of rotation and movable relative to each other about the axis of rotation, wherein the first and second clamp arms comprise respective inner surfaces facing one another and respective top and bottom surfaces,
wherein the first clamp arm comprises a post protruding from the bottom surface of the first clamp arm, a longitudinal axis of the post extending parallel to and spaced apart from the axis of rotation; and
wherein the inner surface of the second clamp arm comprises an electrically conductive contact surface that is electrically connected to a wire running within the cable.

US Pat. No. 10,170,843

PARABOLIC DEPLOYABLE ANTENNA

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. A deployable antenna comprising:a container;
a deployment mechanism attached to the container;
a hub within the container, configured to deploy along a longitudinal axis of the container upon activation of the deployment mechanism;
a plurality of root ribs attached to the hub and configured to rotate away from the longitudinal axis upon deployment;
a plurality of tip ribs, each tip rib attached to a corresponding root rib by a rotating hinge, the plurality of tip ribs configured to rotate away from the longitudinal axis upon deployment;
a mesh attached to the plurality of root and tip ribs;
a horn attached to the hub, the horn extending along the longitudinal axis and located centrally to the mesh;
a sub-reflector attached to the horn and configured to extend away from the horn along the longitudinal axis upon deployment; and
a waveguide attached to the hub, the waveguide being configured to fit within the horn before deployment and to remain in its pre-deployment location while the hub and the horn are extended away along the longitudinal axis upon deployment,
wherein:
the mesh, horn, root ribs, tip ribs and sub-reflector are configured to operate between 2 and 50 GHz,
and
the deployable antenna is a Cassegrain antenna optimized to operate at 35.75 GHz with a bandwidth of 20 MHz.

US Pat. No. 10,170,841

DUAL MODE SLOTTED MONOPOLE ANTENNA

The United States of Amer...

1. An antenna, capable of being joined to an antenna feed having a first conductor and a second conductor, comprising:a non-conductive base having a first side and a second side;
a radiator having a cylindrical wall portion with a slot formed therein from a first end to a second end of the cylindrical wall portion parallel to an axis of the cylindrical wall portion, said radiator being mounted to and extending axially from said non-conductive base first side, said radiator being capable of being electrically connected to the antenna feed first conductor proximate one side of the slot;
a conductive foil positioned on the second side of said non-conductive base and capable of being electrically connected to the antenna feed second conductor, the antenna feed first conductor being electrically isolated from said conductive foil; and
a reactive load joined between said conductive foil and said radiator proximate an opposite side of the slot from the location of the antenna feed first conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,840

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR SENDING OR RECEIVING ELECTROMAGNETIC SIGNALS

13. A device, comprising:a generator that facilitates generation of a first electromagnetic wave;
a core; and
a waveguide that facilitates guiding the first electromagnetic wave towards the core,
wherein the core comprises a first region, a second region, and a third region,
wherein the core comprises an interface in the first region,
wherein the interface comprises a tapered structure,
wherein the first electromagnetic wave induces at the interface a second electromagnetic wave,
wherein the waveguide is configured to confine the second electromagnetic wave at least in part within the core in the first region,
wherein the second region of the core has a tapered structure and is configured to reduce a radiation loss of the second electromagnetic wave as the second electromagnetic wave propagates into the second region, and
wherein the third region of the core is configured to reduce a propagation loss of the second electromagnetic wave as the second electromagnetic wave propagates into the third region.

US Pat. No. 10,170,837

SEGMENTED ANTENNA

Futurewei Technologies, I...

1. A mobile node (MN) comprising:an antenna comprising a first loop,
wherein the first loop comprises:
a main arm;
a first coupling arm separated from the main arm by an impedance locus;
a signal feed coupled to the main arm; and
a ground coupled to the first coupling arm, and wherein the first coupling arm is not coupled to the signal feed;
wherein the first coupling arm is configured to be electrically coupled to the main arm across the impedance locus by an electromagnetic field, and
wherein the first coupling arm and the main arm are not directly physically connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,170,836

COIL ANTENNA DEVICE AND ANTENNA MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A coil antenna device comprising:a multilayer structure including a magnetic layer; and
a coil conductor arranged in the multilayer structure such that a portion of the magnetic layer defines a magnetic core and such that a coil axis extends along a principle surface of the multilayer structure; wherein
the coil conductor includes a line conductor portion extending along the principle surface of the multilayer structure and a plurality of via-hole conductor portions extending in a thickness direction of the multilayer structure;
at least a portion of the line conductor portion is disposed outside of the magnetic layer;
the line conductor portion includes a plurality of first line conductors and a plurality of second line conductors, each of the plurality of first line conductors extending on one principle surface side of the magnetic layer, each of the plurality of second line conductors extending on another principle surface side of the magnetic layer;
the plurality of via-hole conductors define a coiled structure together with the plurality of first line conductors and the plurality of second line conductors;
all of the plurality of via-hole conductor portions extending in the thickness direction of the multilayer structure that connect the plurality of first line conductors with the plurality of second line conductors are surrounded by the magnetic layer;
the coil antenna device is used in HF-band frequency;
the multilayer structure further includes a first low magnetic permeability layer that has a magnetic permeability lower than that of the magnetic layer, that is stacked on one principle surface side of the magnetic layer, and that supports at least one of the plurality of first line conductors at a position spaced from the magnetic layer;
each of the plurality of first line conductors includes a plurality of first partial line conductors that are connected in parallel to each other with via-hole conductor portions of the plurality of via-hole conductor portions; and
at least one of the plurality of first partial line conductors is supported by the first low magnetic permeability layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,835

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A wireless communication device comprising:a planar conductor including an opening;
a housing including the planar conductor;
a planar coil antenna opposed to the opening and including a coil pattern and a coil opening; and
a linear strip pattern including a plurality of linear strip portions parallel or substantially parallel with one another; wherein
a portion of the linear strip pattern which is connected to the planar conductor around the opening is provided in the opening;
the opening of the planar conductor is not connected to any peripheral edge of the planar conductor; and
the planar coil antenna is incorporated in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,170,834

PHASED ARRAY TRANSMISSION METHODS AND APPARATUS

1. An apparatus for controlling phases of electrical signals, comprising:an in-phase / quadrature (I/Q) signal generator configured to generate a plurality of different I/Q signal pairs, each different I/Q signal pair having an I/Q magnitude ratio that is individually set and controlled by the I/Q signal generator;
a multiphase generator configured to generate a plurality of oscillator signals, each oscillator signal having a signal phase; and
a plurality of vector modulators, each vector modulator having in-phase and quadrature inputs configured to receive a different one of the I/Q signal pairs generated by said I/Q signal generator and another input configured to receive one of the oscillator signals generated by said multiphase generator, said plurality of vector modulators configured to generate a plurality of vector modulator output signals having a plurality of output phases determined by both the I/Q magnitude ratios of the plurality of I/Q signal pairs received from said I/Q signal generator and the signal phases of the oscillator signals received from said multiphase generator,
wherein said multiphase generator includes a phase selector that is configured to control which oscillator signals generated by the multiphase generator are applied to the plurality of vector modulators.

US Pat. No. 10,170,831

SYSTEMS, METHODS AND DEVICES FOR MECHANICALLY PRODUCING PATTERNS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY

Elwha LLC, Bellevue, WA ...

12. A beam forming system, comprising:an electromagnetic feed providing radiofrequency energy;
a first layer comprising:
a backplane region configured to receive the radiofrequency energy from the electromagnetic feed; and
a movable electromagnetically responsive element configured to interact with the radiofrequency energy within the backplane region to form a first spatial distribution of amplitudes of radiofrequency energy,
wherein the movable electromagnetically responsive element is configured to operate in a plurality of selectable states that result in a corresponding spatial distribution of amplitudes of radiofrequency energy from a set of spatial distributions of amplitudes of radiofrequency energy based at least in part on a selected state;
a second layer comprising:
an emitting structure comprising a set of free space radiators and having a first spatially dependent amplitude transmission, the emitting structure configured to couple the first spatial distribution of amplitudes of radiofrequency energy from the backplane region to the set free space radiators through the emitting structure by coupling the radiofrequency energy in the backplane structure to the emitting structure over at least one surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,830

DISPLAY DEVICE, PROJECTOR, AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A display device comprising:a communication unit which wirelessly receives image data from an external device; and
a display unit which displays an image based on the image data received by the communication unit;
wherein the communication unit includes
a first communication unit which has a first array antenna, the first communication unit receives wireless radio waves of a first frequency in a millimeter wave band via the first array antenna, and
a second communication unit which has a second array antenna, the second communication unit receives wireless radio waves of a second frequency in a millimeter wave band that is different from the first frequency via the second array antenna, and
a plane including the second array antenna is tilted at an angle of 10 degrees or more and 30 degrees or less to a plane including the first array antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,170,827

HOUSING STRUCTURE HAVING CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE ANTENNA AND CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE ANTENNA THEREOF

TENNVAC INC., New Taipei...

1. A housing structure having conductive adhesive antenna, comprising:a housing having a first unit and a second unit, both of which are integrated with each other to form a bonding portion; and
an electrically conductive adhesive bonded to the bonding portion, so that the electrically conductive adhesive and the bonding portion form a sealed structure and the electrically conductive adhesive has at least one electrical connection end for electrically connecting with a wireless module, thereby the electrically conductive adhesive is formed as an antenna structure.

US Pat. No. 10,170,826

TFT SUBSTRATE, SCANNING ANTENNA USING SAME, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING TFT SUBSTRATE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A TFT substrate comprising a dielectric substrate and a plurality of antenna element regions arranged on the dielectric substrate, the TFT substrate comprising a transmitting/receiving region including the plurality of antenna element regions therein, and a non-transmitting/receiving region located outside of the transmitting/receiving region,each of the plurality of antenna element regions comprising:
a thin film transistor supported on the dielectric substrate, the thin film transistor including a gate electrode, a semiconductor layer, a gate insulating layer located between the gate electrode and the semiconductor layer, and a source electrode and a drain electrode electrically connected to the semiconductor layer;
a first insulating layer covering the thin film transistor and having a first opening which exposes the drain electrode of the thin film transistor; and
a patch electrode formed on the first insulating layer and in the first opening, and electrically connected to the drain electrode of the thin film transistor,
wherein the patch electrode includes a metal layer, and a thickness of the metal layer is greater than a thickness of the source electrode and the drain electrode of the thin film transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,825

ANTENNA DEVICE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An antenna device comprising:a film antenna;
a cable which is connected to a feed section of the film antenna; and
a support, around which at least part of the film antenna is wound,
the support including a holding section for holding the cable,
wherein:
the support has
a first supporting surface,
a second supporting surface intersecting the first supporting surface, and
a third supporting surface facing the first supporting surface and intersecting the second supporting surface;
the film antenna is wound around the support so as to be in contact with the first supporting surface, the second supporting surface, and the third supporting surface; and
the holding section includes a first holding part for holding the cable so that part of the cable extends in a direction along the first supporting surface and the second supporting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,822

COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A LOAD IMPEDANCE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A communication device comprising:a signal path for supplying a signal;
two directional couplers arranged within the signal path, wherein each directional coupler is coupled to an adjustable impedance defining a characteristic impedance of each directional coupler;
a controller configured to set, for each of a plurality of impedances, the adjustable impedances of the directional couplers to an impedance;
a return loss measurement circuit configured to determine, for each of the plurality of impedances, a return loss of the signal path when the adjustable impedances of the directional couplers are set to the impedance;
a load impedance determination circuit configured to determine a load impedance of the signal path based on the determined return losses.

US Pat. No. 10,170,821

SELF-CONFIGURING COMMUNICATION NODE ARRANGEMENT

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A communication node arrangement comprising:at least two antenna units, where each antenna unit comprises at least one signal port and at least one antenna element, each signal port being at least indirectly connected to at least one corresponding antenna element,
wherein each antenna unit comprises at least one sensor unit arranged to sense its orientation relative a predetermined reference extension;
at least one control unit arranged to feed a respective test signal into each of at least two different signal ports,
wherein for each such test signal, the communication node arrangement is arranged to receive the test signal via at least one other signal port, and the communication node arrangement is arranged to determine relative positions of said antenna units based on the received test signals, and to determine relative orientations of said antenna units based on data received from the sensor units, and
wherein said control unit is arranged to control at least one ventilation arrangement in dependence of said determined relative positions and said determined relative orientations.

US Pat. No. 10,170,819

RFID ANTENNA STRUCTURE

AAC ACOUSTIC TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A RFID antenna structure, including:a metal back cover;
a circuit board located below the metal back cover, the circuit board including a base plate and a ground plate overlaid on the base plate;
a RFID chip mounted on the base plate;
match circuits connected electrically with the RFID chip and located on the base plate;
an antenna coil connected electrically with the match circuits and located between the circuit board and the metal back cover; wherein
the metal back cover includes a top cover and a middle cover separated from the top cover by a slit, the antenna coil is located at least partly inside an area of the top cover, and the antenna coil is connected inductively with the top cover and/or the middle cover.

US Pat. No. 10,170,818

PLATFORM ASSEMBLIES FOR RADIO TRANSMISSION TOWERS

Kenwood Telecom Corporati...

1. A platform assembly comprising:first, second, and third platform structures, each platform structure respectively including a radial beam and a grating supported by the radial beam, the radial beam constructed to connect to and extend substantially horizontally away in a radial direction from a vertical support structure and to support a weight of a human, each platform structure respectively defining at least four mounting locations arranged in three intersecting vertical mounting planes, including a first front mounting location spaced apart from a second front mounting location defined in substantially co-planar relationship in a front vertical mounting plane of the three intersecting vertical mounting planes, at least one first side mounting location substantially defined in a first side vertical mounting plane of the three intersecting vertical mounting planes, and at least one second side mounting location substantially defined in a second side vertical mounting plane of the three intersecting vertical mounting planes, wherein the front vertical mounting plane is perpendicular to the radial direction of the radial beam and is located radially outward from the entire radial beam, wherein the first front mounting location and the second front mounting location are spaced apart at a sufficient distance to provide for proper antenna function when antennas are mounted adjacent the first front mounting location and second front mounting location, and
wherein the first, second, and third platform structures are connected together such that the respective front vertical mounting planes, the respective first side vertical mounting planes, and the respective second side vertical mounting planes of the first, second, and third platform structures are substantially hexagonally arranged whereby the first side vertical mounting plane of each of the first, second, and third platform structures is substantially coplanar with an adjacent second side vertical mounting plane of a directly adjacent platform structure of the first, second, and third platform structures.

US Pat. No. 10,170,817

SUPERCONDUCTING AIRBRIDGE CROSSOVER USING SUPERCONDUCTING SACRIFICIAL MATERIAL

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a superconducting airbridge on a structure, the method comprising:forming a first ground plane, a resonator, and a second ground plane on a substrate;
forming a first lift-off pattern of a first lift-off resist and a first photoresist, the first photoresist being deposited on the first lift-off resist;
depositing a superconducting sacrificial layer while using the first lift-off pattern;
removing the first lift-off pattern;
forming a cross-over lift-off pattern of a second lift-off resist and a second photoresist, the second photoresist being deposited on the second lift-off resist;
depositing a cross-over superconducting material to be formed as the superconducting airbridge while using the cross-over lift-off pattern;
removing the cross-over lift-off pattern; and
forming the superconducting airbridge connecting the first ground plane and the second ground plane by removing the superconducting sacrificial layer underneath the cross-over superconducting material, wherein the superconducting airbridge crosses over the resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,170,815

FILTER AND METHOD OF DESIGNING SAME

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A filter comprising:a first resonator and a second resonator coupled to each other directly or via one or more other resonators;
a first strip-shaped conductor which is provided on a dielectric layer provided on a surface of a first wide wall of the first resonator;
a first conductor pin which is (i) electrically connected to a first end of the first strip-shaped conductor and (ii) inserted into the first resonator;
a second strip-shaped conductor which is provided on a dielectric layer provided on a surface of a first wide wall of the second resonator; and
a second conductor pin which is (i) electrically connected to a first end of the second strip-shaped conductor and (ii) inserted into the second resonator, wherein
(1) a partition wall having an opening is provided between the first resonator and the second resonator, and the first resonator and the second resonator are coupled to each other via the opening; or
(2) a first partition wall having a first opening is provided between the first resonator and the one or more other resonators and the first resonator and the one or more other resonators are coupled to each other via the first opening, and a second partition wall having a second opening is provided between the second resonator and the one or more other resonators and the second resonator and the one or more other resonators are coupled to each other via the second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,170,814

FOUR-MODE DEFECTED GROUND STRUCTURE FILTER

QINGDAO HAIER ELECTRONICS...

1. A four-mode defected ground structure filter, comprising a four-mode defected ground structure resonator and two microstrip feed lines, wherein the four-mode defected ground structure resonator comprises a metal dielectric substrate and a defected ground unit which is etched in one surface of the metal dielectric substrate, and the microstrip feed lines are arranged at another surface of the metal dielectric substrate, whereinthe defected ground unit has a shape that is axially symmetric about a first central axis of the defected ground unit, and is axially symmetric about a second central axis of the defected ground unit, and the first central axis and the second central axis are mutually perpendicular; the defected ground unit comprises a first defected ground unit and four second defected ground units, wherein the first defected ground unit is H-shaped or quasi H-shaped, each of the second defected ground units is L-shaped, quasi L-shaped, U-shaped or quasi U-shaped, one end of each of the four second defected ground units is connected to four ends of the first defected ground unit respectively, each of the second defected ground units extends from the first defected ground unit to the first central axis and bends to a center of the defected ground unit, openings of the four second defected ground units are each L-shaped, quasi L-shaped, U-shaped or quasi U-shaped, the openings all face towards a periphery of the defected ground unit, and, there is a space provided between two of the second defected ground units which are located at a same side of the first central axis or a same side of the second central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,170,812

ASSEMBLY MODULE COMPRISING ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS RECEIVED BY LUGS AND CONNECTING CLIPS

1. An electrochemical assembly module of an energy storage system, comprising:an assembly of a plurality of elementary electrochemical cells with a gas electrode, the assembly comprising:
a plurality of lugs associated respectively with the plurality of elementary electrochemical cells, the lugs being connected together by a connecting holder and receiving terminals of the elementary electrochemical cells so that the terminals are all electrically connected together by the connecting holder,
a plurality of elements forming connecting clips each receiving at least two terminals of at least two elementary electrochemical cells so that the at least two terminals are electrically connected to each other by the element forming a connecting clip that is associated therewith,
wherein the elementary electrochemical cells are cells with a double gas electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,806

BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A battery cooling system comprising:a housing in which an inlet duct from which air is introduced and an outlet duct through which the air is discharged are mounted;
a first battery mounted in the housing and disposed between the inlet duct and the outlet duct; and
a second battery disposed between the first battery and the inlet duct,
wherein a cooling channel exchanging heat with the first battery and the second battery by the air moving between the inlet duct and the outlet duct is formed in the housing, and
wherein the housing includes brackets exchanging heat of a portion of the air introduced through the inlet duct with the second battery and then regulating a direction of the cooling channel to move a portion of the air to the first battery.

US Pat. No. 10,170,776

FUEL CELL MODULE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel cell module comprising:a fuel cell stack including a plurality of fuel cells stacked in a vertical direction configured to generate electrical energy by electrochemical reactions of a fuel gas and an oxygen-containing gas;
a combustor provided at a lower end of the fuel cell stack, and configured to produce a combustion gas so as to heat the fuel cell stack;
a channel member connected to the combustor, extending upward along the stacking direction of the fuel cell stack, and facing a side surface of the fuel cell stack, the side surface being perpendicular to the stacking direction;
wherein the channel member includes a combustion gas channel configured to allow the combustion gas produced in the combustor to flow upward along the stacking direction of the fuel cell stack; and
a combustion gas ejection hole that is connected to the combustion gas channel, opens toward a direction perpendicular to the stacking direction of the fuel cell stack, and is configured to release, toward the side surface of the fuel cell stack, part of the combustion gas that touches the side surface of the fuel cell stack.

US Pat. No. 10,170,771

SELECTIVE CATALYST, PARTICULARLY FOR ELECTROREDUCTION OF OXYGEN, AN ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEM CONTAINING THEREOF, AN PALLADIUM-INERT GAS ALLOY AND USE THEREOF, AND A CELL, PARTICULARLY A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL CONTAINING THEREOF

UNIWERSYTET WARSZAWSKI, ...

1. A catalyst, comprising a catalyst layer comprising metallic palladium implanted with inert gas ions to form a palladium-inert gas alloy, said alloy being stable under normal conditions, and having catalytic activity, wherein a value of the lattice constant of said alloy as determined by the X-ray diffraction method is higher than the lattice constant of pure palladium by at least 0.008×10?10 m.

US Pat. No. 10,170,770

N-DOPED POROUS CARBON ELECTROCATALYST AND PROCESS FOR PREPARATION THEREOF

1. A process for the preparation of an N-doped porous carbon electrocatalysts comprising carbon in the range of 90 to 93% and nitrogen in the range of 7 to 10%:a. pyrolysing of metal organic frameworks (MOF) to obtain mesoporous carbon (MOFC);
b. mixing and grinding the mesoporous carbon as obtained in step (a) and melamine to get a uniform mixture;
c. dispersing the uniform mixture of step (b) in alcohol in order to get a homogeneous mixture;
d. evaporating solvent by simultaneous heating and stirring the homogeneous mixture as obtained in step (c) till a solid material obtained;
e. heating the solid material as obtained in step (d) in a flow of argon atmosphere to obtain a composite;
f. pyrolysing the composite as obtained in step (e) under argon atmosphere to obtain N-doped porous carbon electrocatalyst;
wherein in step (b) the ratio of the mesoporous carbon and melamine ranges between 1:2 to 1:5.

US Pat. No. 10,170,769

METHOD OF HYDROPHOBIC TREATMENT OF A CARBON SUBSTRATE

1. A method of treating a carbon substrate, comprising the following successive steps of:impregnating the carbon substrate with an aqueous solution containing an amorphous fluorinated copolymer of tetrafluoroethylene and perfluoromethoxy dioxole; and
drying the impregnated carbon substrate at a pressure lower than the atmospheric pressure to obtain a treated carbon substrate impregnated with the fluorinated copolymer, wherein the method is free of sintering after drying.

US Pat. No. 10,170,768

GRID ASSEMBLY FOR A PLATE-SHAPED BATTERY ELECTRODE OF AN ELECTROCHEMICAL ACCUMULATOR BATTERY

1. A grid arrangement (101, 102) for a plate-shaped battery electrode (104, 105) of an electrochemical accumulator (100), having a frame (117, 118, 119, 120) and a grid (113) arranged thereon, wherein the frame (117, 118, 119, 120) comprises at least one upper frame element (120) having a connecting lug (103) of the battery electrode (104, 105) disposed on its side facing away from the grid (113), and wherein the grid (113) is at least formed by horizontal bars (21 to 25), which are bars extending substantially horizontally, and vertical bars (9 to 20), which are bars extending substantially vertically, wherein at least some of the vertical bars (9 to 20) are arranged at different angles to one another in the shape of a fan, characterized by at least features a), c) and d) or all of the following features a), b), c), and d):a) a straight line (G), which runs through the center of gravity of the grid arrangement (101, 102) and is a parallel to the central axis (M) of the vertical bar (14) having the shortest distance to the center of gravity (S) of the grid arrangement (101, 102), passes the connecting lug (103) at a distance (D) of less than 15%, in particular less than 10%, of the connecting lug width (B), or intersects the connecting lug (103),
b) a straight line (G) which runs through the center of gravity of the grid arrangement (101, 102) and is a parallel to the central axis (M) of the vertical bar (14) having the shortest distance to the center of, gravity (S) of the grid arrangement (101, 102), intersecting the upper frame element (120) at a point (1) which is less than 15%, particularly less than 10%, of the length (L) of the upper frame element (120) away from a vertical central axis (A) of the connecting lug (103),
c) the sum of all the angles of those vertical bars (9 to 20) which intersect both the upper as well as a lower frame element (120, 117) of the grid arrangement (101, 102), or at least would intersect in mathematical extension, is greater than 7°, wherein the angles are defined in terms of an axis (A) extending exactly vertically,
d) the sum of the angles of the outermost left and outermost right vertical bar (10, 20) intersecting both the upper as well as the lower frame element (120, 117) of the grid arrangement (101, 102), or at least would intersect in mathematical extension, is greater than 7°, wherein the angles are defined in terms of an axis (A) extending exactly vertically.

US Pat. No. 10,170,767

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage device, comprising:an electrode assembly including a positive electrode and a negative electrode that are stacked, the positive electrode and the negative electrode respectively including a non-coated region including a metal foil;
current collectors each including a support portion which is configured to overlap with the non-coated region; and
opposedly facing supports each configured to clamp the non-coated region cooperatively with the support portion,
wherein at least one of the non-coated region, the support portion, and an opposedly facing support of the opposedly facing supports includes a conductive layer covering at least one surface out of a surface of the non-coated region facing the support portion, a surface of the non-coated region facing the opposedly facing support, a surface of the support portion facing the non-coated region, and a surface of the opposedly facing support facing the non-coated region,
wherein at least one of the positive electrode and the negative electrode includes the non-coated region and a coated region formed adjacently to the non-coated region,
wherein the non-coated region includes a first conductive layer which forms the conductive layer,
wherein the coated-region includes:
a second metal foil continuously formed with a first metal foil which includes a metal foil of the non-coated region;
a second conductive layer being stacked on the second metal foil in a close contact state; and
an active material layer stacked on the second conductive layer such that the second conductive layer is sandwiched between the active material layer and the second metal foil,
wherein the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer are continuously formed with each other, and
wherein the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer include a carbonaceous material, a conductive resin, or a noble metal, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,170,766

CATHODE FOR LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A cathode for a lithium-sulfur battery, comprising:a cathode active part comprising a sulfur-carbon composite; and
a cathode coating layer provided on at least one portion of a surface of the cathode active part and consisting of an amphiphilic polymer comprising polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), said amphiphilic polymer including a hydrophilic portion and a hydrophobic portion,
wherein the cathode coating layer comprises pores and the pores have an average diameter of 1 nm to 10 ?m,
wherein the cathode coating layer has a porosity of 50 to 95% based on a total volume of the cathode coating layer, and
wherein the cathode coating layer has a thickness of 10 nm to 1 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,170,765

ELECTRONICALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMER BINDER FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERY ELECTRODE

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A polymeric composition with repeating units of the formula:
wherein: R1 is selected from the group consisting of: naphthalene, anthracene, pyrene, fluorene, fluorenone and oligophenylene, R2 is (OCH2CH2)mCH3 where m=0-1000, R3 is selected from the group consisting of: H, OH, alkyloxide, alkanol, ethyleneoxide, carbonate and trialkylamine, a+b+c=1 where 0

US Pat. No. 10,170,761

ACTIVE MATERIAL, NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, BATTERY PACK AND BATTERY MODULE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An active material comprising active material primary particles of a monoclinic niobium-titanium composite oxide comprising at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mo, V, and W, wherein:a content of the at least one element in the monoclinic niobium-titanium composite oxide is within a range of 0.01 atm % or more and 2 atm % or less; and
each of the active material primary particles has an aspect ratio within a range of 1 or more and less than 4 and a crystallite size within a range of 5 nm or more and 90 nm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,170,758

PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF LITHIUM TITANIUM SPINEL AND ITS USE

Johnson Matthey Public Li...

1. A process for the preparation of phase-pure doped or non-doped lithium titanate Li4Ti5O12, comprising sintering a composite oxide at a temperature of ?780° C.,wherein the composite oxide comprises x wt.—parts Li2TiO3, y wt.—parts TiO2, z wt.—parts of Li2CO3 and/or lithium hydroxide, u wt.—parts of a carbon source and optionally v wt.—parts of a transition or main group metal compound and/or a sulfur containing compound,
wherein the Li2TiO3 is present in its cubic crystal structure,
wherein x is a number between 2 and 3, wherein y is a number between 3 and 4,
wherein z is a number between 0.001 and 1, u is a number between 0.05 and 1, and 0?v?0.1, and
wherein the metal of the transition or main group metal compound is selected from the group consisting of Al, Mg, Ga, Fe, Co, Sc, Y, Mn, Ni, Cr, V and mixtures thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,170,755

LITHIUM SULFUR CELL AND PREPARATION METHOD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of forming an electrochemical cell, comprising:forming a plurality of Li2S grains;
coating the plurality of Li2S grains;
exposing the coated plurality of Li2S grains and an uncoated plurality of Li2S grains to an organic solvent including dissolved sulfur;
dissolving the uncoated plurality of Li2S grains with the organic solvent;
rinsing the coated plurality of Li2S grains after exposing the coated plurality of Li2S grains to the organic solvent;
forming a positive electrode using the rinsed coated plurality of Li2S grains; and
locating a separator between the positive electrode and a negative electrode including a form of lithium.

US Pat. No. 10,170,753

NANO-SILICON COMPOSITE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL USED FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY, PROCESS FOR PREPARING THE SAME AND LITHIUM ION BATTERY

Shenzhen BTR New Energy M...

1. A nano-silicon composite negative electrode material, comprising;a graphite matrix composed of hollowed graphite;
a nano-silicon material chemical-vapor deposited inside the graphite matrix;
an amorphous carbon coating layer; and
a nano-conductive material coating layer on the surface of the graphite matrix,
wherein the nano-conductive material coating layer comprises a material selected from the group consisting of carbon nanotubes, graphene, conductive graphite, carbon fibers, nano graphite, conductive carbon black, and combinations thereof, and
wherein the nano-conductive material coating layer is included at from 0.1 wt. % to 10.0 wt. % in the negative electrode material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,751

COMPOSITE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERIES AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

CONNEXX SYSTEMS CORPORATI...

1. A method for producing a composite active material for lithium secondary batteries comprising:a mixing step of mixing an expanded graphite or a flaky graphite having a specific surface area of 30 m2/g or more and a battery active material capable of combining with lithium ions, to obtain a mixture; and
a spheroidization step of subjecting the mixture to a spheroidization treatment, to produce a generally spherical composite active material for lithium secondary batteries, the composite active material containing graphite and a battery active material capable of combining with lithium ions.

US Pat. No. 10,170,748

STABILIZED ANODE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY AND METHOD FOR ITS MANUFACTURE

Ovonic Battery Company, I...

1. A method of manufacturing an anode for a lithium battery, said method comprising the steps of:providing an anode member comprising a body of carbon having at least one electrochemically active surface which, when said anode is incorporated in a lithium battery, will provide an interface with an electrolyte of said battery;
coating a layer of a Group IV element or Group IV element-containing substance onto said at least one electrochemically active surface, said Group IV element or Group IV element containing substance comprising silicon, germanium, tin, or lead;
disposing said anode in a lithium battery cell comprising a cathode which is spaced apart from said anode, and a volume of electrolyte disposed between said cathode and said anode; and
operating said lithium battery cell in a charging mode so that lithium is intercalated into said carbon wherein said at least one electrochemically active surface of said anode member having said Group IV element or Group IV element-containing substance disposed thereupon interacts with said electrolyte so as to form a nonhomogeneous solid electrolyte interface layer comprising subregions, the subregions comprising the group IV element and carbon from the body of carbon.

US Pat. No. 10,170,747

TREATED CURRENT COLLECTOR FOIL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of treating a current collector, comprising:unrolling a roll of a metal current collector and passing it under a stationary electron beam source;
continuously treating a surface of the unrolled metal current collector with an electron beam in air to increase its surface energy;
applying a slurry including a binder to the treated surface; and
drying the slurry.

US Pat. No. 10,170,746

BATTERY ELECTRODE, BATTERY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A BATTERY ELECTRODE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A battery electrode, comprising:a doped substrate comprising a surface configured to face an ion-carrying electrolyte during operation of the battery electrode, wherein the doped substrate comprises a first conductivity type and wherein the doped substrate is a doped integral semiconductor substrate; and
a first diffusivity changing region at a first portion of the surface of the doped substrate, the first diffusivity changing region comprising a thermally activated counter-doped region in the doped substrate, the thermally activated counter doped semiconductor region comprising a second conductivity type, wherein the first diffusivity changing region is configured to change diffusion of ions carried by the electrolyte into the doped substrate, and
wherein a second portion of the surface of the doped substrate is exposed and free from the first diffusivity changing region and comprises the first conductivity type, and
wherein the second conductivity type is opposite the first conductivity type.

US Pat. No. 10,170,745

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

14. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly comprising first and second non-coating portions;
a first current collector connected to the first non-coating portion, and a second current collector connected to the second non-coating portion;
a cap assembly comprising a first terminal connection member connected to a portion of the first current collector, and a second terminal connection member connected to a portion of the second current collector; and
a sealing member between the first current collector and the first terminal connection member,
wherein a terminal connection member of the first and second terminal connection members comprises a fuse,
wherein the first terminal connection member comprises:
a first area on an upper portion of the cap assembly; and
a second area on a lower portion of the cap assembly,
wherein the first terminal connection member has a fastening hole between the first area and the second area,
wherein the sealing member comprises a protrusion having a second hole, and a second depression is formed at a position on the first current collector corresponding to the second hole,
wherein the second hole is aligned with the second depression, and the second area passes through the second hole and is connected to the first current collector in the second depression, the protrusion of the sealing member being inserted into and coupled to the fastening hole.

US Pat. No. 10,170,743

SEPARATOR AND NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, AND BATTERY PACK, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, ELECTRIC VEHICLE, ELECTRIC POWER STORAGE DEVICE, AND ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. A separator comprising:a substrate including a porous film; and
a porous surface layer which is provided on at least one surface of the substrate, wherein the porous surface layer consists essentially of a vinylidene fluoride-tetrafluoroethylene-hexafluoropropylene copolymer,
wherein a porosity of the porous surface layer is 35% or more and less than or equal to 52.4%,
wherein a content of a monomer unit derived from the hexafluoropropylene in the porous surface layer is in a range of 5 to 15 percent by mole in the copolymer, a content of a monomer unit derived from the tetrafluoroethylene in the porous surface layer is in a range of 10 to 40 percent by mole in the copolymer, and a content of the monomer unit derived from the vinylidene fluoride in the porous surface layer is in a range of 45 to 85 percent by mole in the copolymer, and
wherein a thickness of the porous surface layer is 1.0 ?m to 2.1 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,170,741

EXPANDABLE BATTERY MODULE

EMATRIX ENERGY SYSTEMS, I...

20. A battery module comprising:a first battery brick and a second battery brick;
wherein both the first battery brick and the second battery brick comprise:
at least one battery cell;
a connecting layer configured to connect layers of battery cells, comprising:
at least one spacer, and
at least one busbar having a top side and a bottom side, wherein a first spacer is located above said top side and a second spacer is located below said bottom side;
a mechanical mating member having a plurality of flow passages;
a top cover having a primary flow channel fluidly connected to a plurality of secondary flow channels, and a bottom cover having primary flow channel fluidly connected to a plurality of secondary flow channels, wherein said top cover and bottom cover are configured to be mechanically interlocked to the battery module;
an electrical mating member having a plurality of flow passages; and
an external enclosure, wherein the external enclosure of the first battery brick is configured to interface with the external enclosure of the second battery brick;
wherein the flow passages of the mechanical mating member, the flow passages of the electrical mating member, and the flow passages of the top cover and bottom cover are fluidly connected; and
wherein the secondary channels of the top cover and bottom cover are configured to provide equal pressure though the plurality of flow passages of the battery module.

US Pat. No. 10,170,740

BATTERY AND BATTERY PACK WITH A BOLT AS AN ELECTRODE TERMINAL

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery comprising:a flat case that has a top plate being an elongated rectangular shape;
a power generating element that is housed in the case;
an insulating plate arranged above the top plate;
a terminal bolt that is arranged above the insulating plate such that a top surface of a bolt head faces the insulating plate; and
a connecting terminal plate that is electrically connected to the power generating element and insulated from the top plate, plate, and that fits loosely over the terminal bolt with the bolt head sandwiched between the connecting terminal plate and the insulating plate, wherein
the bolt head has a regular N-sided polygon shape having an even number of apexes;
the insulating plate includes a pair of rotation stopping walls, including a first rotation stopping wall and a second rotation stopping wall, that stop rotation of the bolt head with respect to the insulating plate and that are respectively provided on each side of the bolt head in a short direction of the top plate,
a wall thickness of the first rotation stopping wall at a first abutting location, where the bolt head abuts the first rotation stopping wall when the bolt head is rotated in a tightening direction of a nut that screws onto the terminal bolt and the bolt head is stopped from further rotating by the first rotation stopping wall, is greater than a wall thickness of the first rotation stopping wall at a second abutting location, where the bolt head abuts the first rotation stopping wall when the bolt head is rotated in a loosening direction of the nut and the bolt head is stopped from further rotating by the first rotation stopping wall, and
a wall thickness of the second rotation stopping wall at a third abutting location, where the bolt head abuts the second rotation stopping wall when the bolt head is rotated in a tightening direction of the nut that screws onto the terminal bolt and the bolt head is stopped from further rotating by the second rotation stopping wall, is greater than a wall thickness of the second rotation stopping wall at a fourth abutting location, where the bolt head abuts the second rotation stopping wall when the bolt head is rotated in a loosening direction of the nut and the bolt head is stopped from further rotating by the second rotation stopping wall.

US Pat. No. 10,170,739

PIN MOUNT FOR BATTERY MODULE

Bosch Battery Systems Gmb...

1. A battery pack comprising a battery pack housing and a battery module disposed in the battery pack housing,the battery pack housing including
a first side,
a second side that is parallel to the first side, an inner surface of the first side facing and being spaced apart from an inner surface of the second side,
a first rail that protrudes from the inner surface of the first side, and a second rail that protrudes from an inner surface of the second side,
the first rail including
a first support surface that is parallel to and spaced apart from the inner surface of the first side,
adjoining side surfaces of the first rail that extend between the inner surface of the first side and the first support surface, the first support surface and the adjoining side surfaces of the first rail providing an outer surface of the first rail, and
a first slot that opens at the first support surface and faces the inner surface of the second side, the first slot intersecting each of the first support surface and the adjoining side surfaces of the first rail,
the second rail including
a second support surface that is parallel to and spaced apart from the inner surface of the second side,
adjoining side surfaces of the second rail that extend between the inner surface of the second side and the second support surface, the second support surface and the adjoining side surfaces of the second rail providing an outer surface of the second rail, and
a second slot that opens at the second support surface and faces the inner surface of the first side, the second slot intersecting each of the second support surface and the adjoining side surfaces of the second rail,whereinthe battery module is disposed in the battery pack housing so as to reside between the first side and the second side, the battery module including
a module housing, an outer surface of the module housing including a first protrusion and a second protrusion, and
electrochemical cells disposed within the module housing,and whereinthe first protrusion is disposed in the first slot,
the second protrusion is disposed in the second slot, and
the module housing is located and retained relative to the battery pack housing via engagement of the first slot with the first protrusion, and engagement of the second slot with the second protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,170,738

BATTERY PACK FOR MOBILE DEVICES

mophie inc., Tustin, CA ...

1. A protective battery case for use with a mobile phone, the protective battery case comprising:a protective casing comprising:
a back wall configured to be positioned adjacent to at least a portion of a back side of a mobile phone;
an upper wall configured to be positioned adjacent to at least a portion of a top of the mobile phone;
a right side wall configured to be positioned adjacent to at least a portion of a right side of the mobile phone;
a left side wall configured to be positioned adjacent to at least a portion of a left side of the mobile phone;
a front opening configured such that a display of the mobile phone is visible through the front opening;
wherein an external shape of the casing generally conforms to an external shape of the mobile phone such that the mobile phone is usable while inside the casing;
wherein a portion of the casing is flexible to facilitate insertion of the mobile phone into the casing or to facilitate removal of the mobile phone from the casing;
a battery housed within a thickness of the back wall such that the battery is configured to be positioned behind the back side of the mobile phone;
a charge level indicator configured to indicate the charge level of the battery;
a first interface coupled to the battery and configured to charge the mobile phone using the battery;
a second interface coupled to the battery and configured to recharge the battery, wherein the second interface comprises an external port configured to receive a connector for wired recharging of the battery; and
a third interface coupled to the battery and configured to recharge the battery, wherein the third interface comprises a wireless charging device for recharging the battery wirelessly.

US Pat. No. 10,170,737

BATTERY HOLDER, BATTERY UNIT, AND BATTERY COMPONENT INCLUDING BATTERY HOLDER AND BATTERY UNIT

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. A battery holder for holding a battery unit at least in a state in which the battery unit is located at a first holding position, the battery holder comprising:a first base that opposes a first end of the battery unit in the state in which the battery unit is located at the first holding position;
a first holding portion movably arranged on the first base between a first position, at which the first holding portion contacts a held portion of the battery unit and holds the battery unit at the first holding position, and a second position, at which the first holding portion is separated from the held portion; and
a second holding portion arranged on the first base at least partially on a downstream side of the first holding portion in a removal direction in which the battery unit is removed from the battery holder, and the second holding portion being configured to hold the battery unit at a second holding position that is located at the downstream side of the first holding position.

US Pat. No. 10,170,736

BATTERY CASE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., G...

1. A battery case, comprising:a front case comprising i) a first surface configured to face a front end portion of a battery module that is placed in a bottom surface of the battery case, and ii) a first flange portion configured to extend toward the battery module from a periphery of the first surface, the first flange portion having an opening formed in an upper surface thereof;
a top case comprising i) a second surface facing the opening of the first flange portion and a top of the battery module, and ii) a second flange portion configured to extend toward the top of the battery module from a periphery of the second surface, the second flange portion having one side connected to the first flange portion along edge portions of the opening; and
an attaching/detaching mechanism, configured to be attached and detached from the front case, wherein the attaching/detaching mechanism comprises i) an elastic member configured to be positioned between the first surface of the front case and the front end portion of the battery module, ii) a plurality of cover members respectively at least partially surrounding opposing ends of the elastic member, iii) an extending member extending upwardly from one area of each cover member, and iv) a plurality of press members respectively formed toward the opposing ends of the elastic member from end portions of the extending member, and wherein the number of the cover members is the same as the number of the press members.

US Pat. No. 10,170,733

FLEXIBLE STRUCTURE WITH STRAIN GAUGE, APPLICATION TO ELECTROCHEMICAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES IN A FLEXIBLE PACKAGING

1. A flexible structure constituting a flexible packaging of a lithium electrochemical accumulator, the flexible structure comprising a strain gauge that is elongate along a longitudinal axis X1 and that is intended to measure deformation of the flexible structure in a direction X parallel to the axis X1, the carrier of the gauge being adhesively bonded to the flexible structure only by its lateral ends.

US Pat. No. 10,170,732

FLEXIBLE SECONDARY BATTERY

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A flexible secondary battery, comprising:an electrode assembly that includes a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer, and a separator between the first and second electrode layers;
a protection film on at least one of an upper surface or a lower surface of the electrode assembly;
a fixing unit, the fixing unit fixing one end portion of each of the first electrode layer, the separator, the second electrode layer, and the protection film; and
a sealing unit, the sealing unit sealing the electrode assembly and the protection film therein such that the protection film is between the electrode assembly and the sealing unit,
wherein a melting point of the protection film is higher than a melting point of the separator,
wherein the protection film includes at least one of polyphthalamide, polyethersulfone, polyphenylene sulfide, polyetherimide, or polyether ether ketone,
wherein the sealing unit includes a first sealing sheet and a second sealing sheet attached to each other and sealing the electrode assembly therein, and
wherein each of the first sealing sheet and the second sealing sheet include a first insulating layer, a metal layer, and a second insulating layer sequentially stacked.

US Pat. No. 10,170,728

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a substrate;
an encapsulation portion on the substrate;
a seal portion between the substrate and the encapsulation portion; and
at least one dummy seal portion adjacent to the seal portion,
wherein:
the substrate and the encapsulation portion at least partially overlap each other in a first direction perpendicular to a surface of the substrate;
the dummy seal portion is, when viewed in the first direction, arranged in an area between an edge of the seal portion and a boundary line of an overlapping area of the substrate and the encapsulation portion;
at least one other display device comprises the substrate; and
a cut line to split the display device from the at least one other display device overlaps the seal portion when viewed in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,170,727

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

15. A display device comprising:a first substrate having an insulating surface;
a display region having a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix on the insulating surface, each of the plurality of pixels having a display element;
a first sealing film on the display element and covering the display element;
a first detection electrode layer on the first sealing film, the first detection electrode having a lower surface being in contact with the first sealing film, an upper surface at an opposite side from the lower surface, and a side surface between the lower surface and the upper surface;
a second sealing film on the first detection electrode layer, the second sealing film covering the upper surface and the side surface of the first detection electrode layer; and
a second detection electrode layer on the second sealing film, the second detection electrode having a lower surface being in contact with the second insulating film, an upper surface at an opposite side from the lower surface, and a side surface between the lower surface and the upper surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,726

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A method for manufacturing a display device, comprising:forming an insulating film over and in contact with a first substrate with flexibility;
forming a first sealant continuously surrounding a display region over the insulating film;
irradiating the first sealant with a first laser beam;
bonding a second substrate with flexibility to the first substrate with the first sealant;
irradiating the first sealant with a second laser beam;
forming a second sealant continuously surrounding the first sealant in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate and on a side surface of the first substrate and a side surface of the second substrate; and
forming a member in contact with a side surface of the second sealant,
wherein the member comprises a bottom surface portion in contact with a top surface of the insulating film.

US Pat. No. 10,170,725

LAMINATED STRUCTURE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY UNIT EMPLOYING SAME

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A manufacturing method of an organic light emitting device, comprising:providing a substrate;
forming an anode including, stacked in this order:
a first anode layer comprising a metal compound or a conductive oxide,
a second anode layer that is a reflective layer, and
a third anode layer comprising a metal compound or a conductive oxide;
forming an insulating film so as to cover the anode;
patterning the insulating film so as to partially expose the anode;
forming an organic layer over the exposed portion of the anode and the insulating film, the organic layer comprising a light-emitting layer; and
forming a cathode on the organic layer,
wherein the organic light emitting device is configured to generate light in the light-emitting layer, and the light is extracted through the cathode,
wherein a thickness of the third anode layer is between about 3-15 nm, and
wherein the patterning the laminated structure includes making a side surface of the second anode layer a convex shape when viewed as a cross-section in the laminated direction of the anode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,724

LIGHT EMITTING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light emitting apparatus comprising:a transistor in a drive circuit portion;
a semiconductor layer;
a gate electrode over the semiconductor layer;
a first insulating film over the gate electrode;
a first electrode over the first insulating film, the first electrode being electrically connected to the semiconductor layer;
a connection wiring over the first insulating film;
an insulating substance over and in contact with a top surface of the first electrode, and a top surface of the connection wiring;
an electroluminescent layer over the first electrode and the insulating substance;
a second electrode over the electroluminescent layer; and
a flexible printed circuit,
wherein the flexible printed circuit is electrically connected to the second electrode through the connection wiring, and
wherein the second electrode is in contact with the connection wiring at a connection portion between the electroluminescent layer and a channel forming region of the transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,723

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT AND ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting element comprising:an anode as a first electrode;
a cathode as a second electrode;
an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode;
an electron injection layer between the second electrode and the emission layer; and
a barrier layer for controlling electron injection speed and for decreasing emission efficiency by slowing electron injection speed located between the electron injection layer and the second electrode, and having a work function that is larger than a work function of the second electrode,
wherein a work function difference between the barrier layer and the second electrode is less than or equal to about 1.0 eV.

US Pat. No. 10,170,722

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE HAVING LOW WORK FUNCTION METAL HALIDE COMPOUND IN HOLE INJECTION LAYER

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

13. An organic light-emitting device, comprising:an anode;
a cathode facing the anode; and
an organic layer between the anode and the cathode and including an emission layer, the organic layer including:
a hole transport region between the anode and the emission layer, the hole transport region including a hole injection layer, and
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the cathode, the electron transport region including an electron injection layer,
wherein:
the hole injection layer includes
LiCl, NaCl, KCl, RbCl, CsCl, BeCl2, MgCl2, CaCl2, SrCl2, BaCl2, YbCl, YbCl2, YbCl3, SmCl3,
LiBr, NaBr, KBr, RbBr, CsBr, BeBr2, MgBr2, CaBr2, SrBr2, BaBr2, YbBr, YbBr2, YbBr3, SmBr3,
LiI, NaI, KI, RbI, CsI, BeI2, MgI2, CaI2, SrI2, BaI2, YbI, YbI2, YbI3, or SmI3, and
the hole injection layer directly contacts the anode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,721

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING HOLE TRANSPORT LAYERS WITH DIFFERENT THICKNESS

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display device comprising:a first emission part between a first electrode and a second electrode, the first emission part including a first hole transport layer and a first emission layer;
a second emission part on the first emission part, the second emission part including a second hole transport layer and a second emission layer;
a third emission part on the second emission part, the third emission part including a third hole transport layer and a third emission layer,
wherein a thickness of the second hole transport layer is greater than a thickness of the first hole transport layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,717

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A thin film transistor, comprising a source electrode pattern and a drain electrode pattern arranged on a same layer, wherein the thin film transistor further comprises:a heat dissipation layer arranged between the source electrode pattern and the drain electrode pattern,
wherein the heat dissipation layer is made of a polymer carbon nanotube composite material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,714

DISPLAY PANEL

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A display panel, having a first substrate and a second substrate disposed on the first substrate, and the display panel comprising a plurality of subpixels, wherein at least one of the subpixels comprises:a switch element, disposed on the first substrate, and comprising a first end, a second end, and a first gate, wherein the first end is electrically connected to a data line that extends in a first direction, the first gate is electrically connected to a scan line that extends in a second direction, and the first direction is not parallel to the second direction;
a driving element, disposed on the first substrate, and comprising a first end, a second end, and a second gate, wherein the first end is electrically connected to a power line, the second gate is electrically connected to the second end of the switch element, and the power line is electrically connected to a first voltage source;
a passivation layer, disposed on the first substrate, and covering the scan line, the data line, the power line, the switch element, the driving element, and the first substrate;
a patterned electrode layer, disposed on the passivation layer of the first substrate, wherein the patterned electrode layer includes a first capacitor electrode and a pixel electrode separated from the first capacitor electrode, the pixel electrode is electrically connected to the second end of the driving element, and the first capacitor electrode is electrically connected to the second end of the switch element;
an electroluminescent layer, located on the pixel electrode of the first substrate;
a counter electrode, disposed on the electroluminescent layer of the first substrate and electrically connected to a second voltage source, wherein the second voltage source is different from the first voltage source;
a conductive bump, protrusively disposed on the first capacitor electrode of the first substrate, wherein the conductive bump comprises a conductive material;
an upper capacitor electrode, disposed on an inner surface of the second substrate; and
a capacitor dielectric layer, covering the upper capacitor electrode of the second substrate, wherein the conductive bump, the capacitor dielectric layer, and the upper capacitor electrode form a storage capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,713

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a substrate having a front surface and a back surface;
a display circuit layer laminated on the front surface, the display circuit layer including a first area and a second area that are aligned in a first direction and apart from each other, the display circuit layer including a middle area positioned between the first area and the second area and having a narrower width in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction than widths of the first area and the second area in the second direction, the display circuit layer having at least one hollow located in the middle area and recessed in the second direction;
a first film overlapped with the first area and stuck to the display circuit layer;
a resin layer provided on the display circuit layer, ranging from the middle area to the second area, and being adjacent to the first film;
a second film overlapped with the first area and stuck to the back surface of the substrate; and
a third film positioned apart from the second film, overlapped with the second area, and stuck to the back surface of the substrate,
wherein the display circuit layer includes a light emitting element, a thin film transistor, and an inorganic insulating layer, and
the inorganic insulating layer is positioned at an edge of the hollow.

US Pat. No. 10,170,712

ARTICLES HAVING FLEXIBLE SUBSTRATES

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An article, comprising:flexible substrate;
a first layer disposed over at least a portion of the substrate, the first layer comprising a reflector;
a second layer disposed over at least a portion of the first layer, the second layer comprising an electrode;
a third layer disposed over at least a portion of the second layer, the third Dyer comprising a polymer and a light source;
a fourth layer disposed over at least a portion of the third layer, the fourth layer comprising a diffusor; and
a fifth layer disposed over at least a portion of the fourth layer, the fifth layer comprising at least one of a photochromic material and a thermochromic material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,711

DISPLAY WITH VIAS TO ACCESS DRIVER CIRCUITRY

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A display, comprising:a substrate;
metal pads having opposing first and second surfaces;
a polymer layer covering the substrate and the first surface of the metal pads, wherein vias in the polymer layer contact the first surface of metal pads;
a thin-film transistor layer on the polymer layer, wherein metal traces in the thin-film transistor layer are coupled to the vias and provide signals to pixels configured to be controlled by transistors in the thin-film transistor layer; and
bonding material on the second surfaces of the metal pads.

US Pat. No. 10,170,709

PLATINUM COMPLEX HAVING CARBENE FRAGMENT, OLED USING THE SAME, AND NITROGEN-CONTAINING HETEROCYCLIC BIDENTATE CHELATE HAVING CARBENE UNIT

National Tsing Hua Univer...

1. A platinum complex having a carbene fragment, containing: a platinum cation, a zero-valent first nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bidentate chelate, and a dianionic second nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bidentate chelate, wherein the first nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bidentate chelate has at least one carbene unit coordinating to platinum, and the second nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bidentate chelate has at least one electron-withdrawing substituent and forms two N—Pt bonds, or one N—Pt bond and one C—Pt bond, with the platinum cation,wherein the platinum complex is represented by formula (I) or (II):
wherein X is CH or N, RF is —CmF2m+1 and m is an integer of 1 to 7.

US Pat. No. 10,170,707

COMPOUND, MATERIAL FOR ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE ELEMENT, ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE ELEMENT, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. A compound represented by formula (1):wherein:each of R1 to R6 is independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 10 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a halogen atom, or a cyano group;
one of R7 to R10 is a single bond bonded to *a, and each of the others of R7 to is independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 10 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a halogen atom, or a cyano group;
one of R11 to R14 is a single bond bonded to *b, and each of the others of R11 to R14 is independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 10 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a halogen atom, or a cyano group;
each of R15 to R18 is independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 10 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a halogen atom, or a cyano group;
with the proviso that each of adjacent two groups selected from R1 to R6, adjacent two groups selected from R7 to R10, adjacent two groups selected from R11 to R14, and adjacent two groups selected from R15 to R18 may be respectively bonded to each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted ring;
each of L1 and L2 is independently a single bond, a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene group having 5 to 18 ring atoms; and
each of Ar1 and Ar2 is independently a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms;
provided that at least one selected from Ar1 and Ar2 is a substituted or unsubstituted fluoranthenyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,170,706

AMINE-BASED COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An amine-based compound represented by Formula 1A below:wherein in

L1 and L2 are each independently selected from:
a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-fluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a pyridinylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, an isoindolylene group, an indolylene group, a quinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a carbazolylene group, and a triazinylene group; and
a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-fluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a pyridinylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, an isoindolylene group, an indolylene group, a quinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a carbazolylene group, and a triazinylene group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group;
a and b are each independently 0 or 1;
Ar1 and Ar2 are each independently selected from:
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group; and
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group;
R1 and R2 are each independently selected from:
a C1-C20 alkyl group;
a C1-C20 alkyl group substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group;
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group; and
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group;
R3, R4 and R11 to R21 are each independently selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, and a C1-C20 alkyl group; and
p and q are each independently 0, 1, or 2,
wherein
at least one of Ar1, Ar2, R1 to R4, and R11 to R21 is selected from:
a naphthyl group;
a naphthyl group substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group; and
a phenyl group, an anthracenyl group, and a fluorenyl group, each substituted with at least one naphthyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,170,705

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting device, comprisinga first electrode;
a second electrode facing the first electrode;
an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the second electrode;
wherein the electron transport region includes at least one condensed cyclic compound selected from the following Compounds 1 to 360:



US Pat. No. 10,170,703

CONDENSED CYCLIC COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A condensed cyclic compound represented by Formula 1:
wherein, in Formula 1,
ring A1 and ring A2 are each independently selected from a benzene, a naphthalene, a pyridine, a pyrimidine, a pyrazine, a quinoline, an isoquinoline, a quinoxaline, a quinazoline, and a cinnoline, at least one of ring A1 and ring A2 is selected from a naphthalene, a pyridine, a pyrimidine, a pyrazine, a quinoline, an isoquinoline, a quinoxaline, a quinazoline, and a cinnoline,
X1 is N-[(L11)a11-(R11)b11], O, or S,
L1, L2, and L11 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C6 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
a1 and a2 are each independently an integer of 1 to 5, a11 is an integer of 0 to 5, wherein when a1 is 2 or more, two or more L1s are identical to or different from each other, when a2 is 2 or more, two or more L2s are identical to or different from each other, and when a11 is 2 or more, two or more L11s are identical to or different from each other,
R1 to R6 and R11 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q1)(Q2), —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), and —B(Q6)(Q7),
b1, b2, b5, b6, and b11 are each independently an integer of 0 to 4,
b3 and b4 are each independently an integer of 0 to 6,
c1 and c2 are each independently an integer of 0 to 4, a sum of c1 and c2 being 1 to 8, and
at least one substituent of the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, substituted C6-C60 arylene group, substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6-C60 aryl group, substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), and —B(Q16)(Q17);
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), and —B(Q26)(Q27); and
—N(Q31)(Q32), —Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), and —B(Q36)(Q37),
wherein Q1 to Q7, Q1 to Q17, Q21 to Q27, and Q31 to Q37 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,170,702

INTERMETALLIC CONTACT FOR CARBON NANOTUBE FETS

International Business Ma...

1. A field effect transistor, comprising:a carbon nanotube layer formed adjacent to a gate structure;
at least two intermetallic contacts, including an alloy of two or more metals, formed on the carbon nanotube layer, the at least two intermetallic contacts including an oxidation resistant compound having a work function below about 4.4 electron-volts; and
a conductive cap disposed on each of the at least two intermetallic contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,170,701

CONTROLLED DEPOSITION OF MATERIALS USING A DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE REGIME

Universal Display Corpora...

1. A deposition device for depositing a material onto a substrate, comprising:a delivery device comprising a first aperture in fluid communication with a delivery gas and a source of organic material to be deposited on a substrate, the first aperture configured to create a higher pressure regime in a first microenvironment below the first aperture; and
a second aperture, disposed adjacent to the first aperture, and configured to create a lower pressure regime in a second microenvironment below the second aperture;
wherein the delivery device creates a higher pressure regime in a third microenvironment adjacent to the second aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,170,699

RRAM CELL BOTTOM ELECTRODE FORMATION

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

16. A method of forming a resistive random access memory (RRAM) cell, comprising:performing a physical vapor deposition (PVD) process to form a lower portion of a bottom electrode layer;
performing a first plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) process to form an upper portion of the bottom electrode layer over the lower portion of the bottom electrode layer;
performing a second PEALD process, in-situ with the first PEALD process, to form a dielectric data storage layer having a variable resistance over the upper portion of the bottom electrode layer; and
forming a top electrode layer over the dielectric data storage layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,698

SPIN TORQUE MRAM FABRICATION USING NEGATIVE TONE LITHOGRAPHY AND ION BEAM ETCHING

1. A method for forming a pillar, comprising:masking a positive tone photoresist material using a dark field reticle and a negative tone developer having a polarity opposite that of the photoresist to provide an island of photoresist material; and
etching a first layer with a first etch under the island of photoresist material to establish a pillar defined by the island of photoresist material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,697

CRYOGENIC PATTERNING OF MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTIONS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

8. A method for fabricating a magnetic tunnel junction, comprising:sequentially depositing a first magnetic layer, an insulating layer, and a second magnetic layer onto a substrate, the substrate comprising a first electrode;
depositing a sacrificial layer onto second magnetic layer;
forming an opening in the sacrificial layer;
conformally depositing a liner layer onto the substrate;
removing a portion of the liner layer on a top surface of the sacrificial layer;
depositing a conductive material into the opening;
selectively removing remaining portions of the liner layer and the sacrificial layer from the substrate; and
anisotropically etching the first magnetic layer, the insulating layer, and the second magnetic layer using the conductive material as a hard mask to form the magnetic tunnel junction on at least a portion of the first electrode, wherein anisotropically etching comprises cooling the substrate to a temperature between 0° C. and ?200° C. and exposing the first magnetic layer, the insulating layer, and the second magnetic layer to reactive plasma.

US Pat. No. 10,170,696

MNN AND HEUSLER LAYERS IN MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTIONS

International Business Ma...

1. A stacked structure, comprising:a substrate;
a MnN layer overlying the substrate, wherein the MnN layer is predominantly oriented in the (001) direction; and
a magnetic layer overlying and in contact with the MnN layer, the magnetic layer forming part of a magnetic tunnel junction, wherein the magnetic layer includes a Heusler compound that includes Mn, and wherein the magnetic layer is ferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic.

US Pat. No. 10,170,695

MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION DEVICE UTILIZING LATTICE STRAIN

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A magnetic tunnel junction device, comprising:a free layer formed of a first Heusler alloy layer having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface;
a barrier layer having a first surface and a second surface, the first surface of the barrier layer being in contact with the first surface of the first Heusler alloy layer;
a reference layer formed of a composite of a second Heusler alloy layer and a Co/Pt multilayer, wherein the second Heusler alloy layer is interposed between the barrier layer and the Co/Pt multilayer and wherein the second Heusler alloy layer is in contact with the second surface of the barrier layer;
a buffer layer disposed on the second surface of the first Heusler alloy layer,
wherein the first Heusler alloy layer is interposed between the barrier layer and the buffer layer,
wherein each of the barrier layer and the buffer layer has an insulating property so that a compressive strain is exerted on the first Heusler alloy layer in a direction parallel to an interface between the first Heusler alloy layer and the barrier layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,694

MAGNETIC MEMORY

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A magnetic memory comprising:a first terminal and a second terminal;
a first conductive layer, which is nonmagnetic and includes at least a first element, the first conductive layer including a first region, a second region, a third region, a fourth region, and a fifth region, the second region being disposed between the first region and the fifth region, the third region being disposed between the second region and the fifth region, the fourth region being disposed between the third region and the fifth region, the first region being electrically connected to the first terminal, and the fifth region being electrically connected to the second terminal;
a first magnetoresistive element disposed to correspond to the third region, the first magnetoresistive element including a first magnetic layer, a second magnetic layer disposed between the first magnetic layer and the third region and including at least a second element, a first nonmagnetic layer disposed between the first magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer, a second nonmagnetic layer disposed between the second magnetic layer and the first nonmagnetic layer and including at least a third element, and a third magnetic layer disposed between the second nonmagnetic layer and the first nonmagnetic layer;
a second conductive layer disposed to correspond to the second region, electrically connected to the second region, the second magnetic layer, and the second nonmagnetic layer, and including at least the first element, the second element, and the third element; and
a third conductive layer disposed to correspond to the fourth region, electrically connected to the fourth region, the second magnetic layer, and the second nonmagnetic layer, and including at least the first element, the second element, and the third element.

US Pat. No. 10,170,693

MAGNETORESISTIVE DEVICE AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME

Agency for Science, Techn...

1. A magnetoresistive device comprising:a free magnetic layer structure having a variable magnetization orientation;
a fixed magnetic layer structure having a fixed magnetization orientation;
a compensating magnetic layer having a magnetization orientation aligned at least substantially antiparallel to the fixed magnetization orientation of the fixed magnetic layer structure; and
a tilting magnetic layer structure configured to provide an interlayer exchange biasing field to tilt, at equilibrium, the fixed magnetization orientation relative to the variable magnetization orientation to be along a tilting axis that is at least substantially non-parallel to at least one of a first easy axis of the fixed magnetization orientation and a second easy axis of the variable magnetization orientation,
wherein the tilting magnetic layer structure is interlayer exchange coupled to the compensating magnetic layer via a non-magnetic spacer layer therebetween such that the interlayer exchange biasing field tilts, at equilibrium, the fixed magnetization orientation of the fixed magnetic layer structure to be along the tilting axis.

US Pat. No. 10,170,692

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION

IMEC vzw, Leuven (BE)

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a first metallization layer;
a first dielectric layer formed on the first metallization layer;
a second metallization layer formed on the first dielectric layer;
a second dielectric layer formed on the second metallization layer;
a third metallization layer formed on the second dielectric layer,
wherein the first metallization layer is electrically connected to the second metallization layer by a first via formed in the first dielectric layer, and
wherein the second metallization layer is electrically connected to the third metallization layer by a via formed in the second dielectric layer; and
a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) device formed in the first dielectric layer and extending into the second metallization layer, the MTJ device including a top electrode and a bottom electrode,
wherein the bottom electrode of the MTJ device is electrically connected to the first metallization layer,
wherein the second via directly connects the top electrode of the MTJ device to the third metallization layer, and
wherein the height of the MTJ device exceeds the length of the first via formed in the first dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,691

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

SK Hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A method for fabricating an electronic device, comprising:forming a variable resistance element at a first temperature; and
forming a magnetic correction layer over a pinned layer at a second temperature,
wherein the second temperature is lower than the first temperature,
wherein the variable resistance element includes a free layer provided over a substrate, a pinned layer provided over the free layer, a tunnel barrier layer interposed between the free layer and the pinned layer, and
wherein the magnetic correction layer has a magnetization direction which is anti-parallel to the pinned layer,
wherein the forming of the magnetic correction layer comprises:
(a) cooling the substrate to the second temperature;
(b) forming a first layer over the cooled substrate;
(c) forming a second layer over the first layer,
(d) repeating the forming of the first layer and the forming of the second layer M number of times; and
(e) recooling the substrate to a third temperature,
wherein the third temperature is 0K-75K, inclusive, and
where M is a positive integer.