US Pat. No. 10,340,087

MULTILAYER ELECTRONIC COMPONENT HAVING FIRST INTERNAL ELECTRODE BASE PATTERNS EXPOSED TO AN END AND OPPOSING SIDE SURFACES OF A BODY, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A multilayer electronic component comprising:a body including a multilayer structure in which first internal electrode patterns and second internal electrode patterns different from the first internal electrode patterns are alternately stacked and containing a dielectric material;
first and second side parts disposed on respective outer surfaces of a first pair of opposing outer surfaces of the body; and
first and second external electrodes disposed on respective outer surfaces of a second pair of opposing outer surfaces of the body, the first and second external electrodes electrically connected to the first and second internal electrode patterns, respectively,
wherein the first internal electrode patterns are exposed to the outer surfaces of the first pair of outer surfaces of the body on which the first and second side parts are disposed, and
wherein at least one of the first or second side parts extends from an edge of a corresponding outer surface towards, without reaching, an opposing edge of the corresponding outer surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,086

MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR AND BOARD HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A multilayer ceramic capacitor comprising:a ceramic body including a plurality of dielectric layers stacked therein in a width direction;
an active layer including a plurality of first and second internal electrodes alternately disposed with the respective dielectric layers interposed therebetween;
first and second lead parts formed in the first internal electrode to be extended and exposed to a mounting surface of the ceramic body, and disposed to be spaced apart from each other in a length direction of the ceramic body;
a third lead part formed in the second internal electrode to be extended and exposed to the mounting surface of the ceramic body, and disposed between the first and second lead parts;
first and second external electrodes disposed on the mounting surface of the ceramic body to be spaced apart from each other in the length direction of the ceramic body, connected to the first and second lead parts, respectively, and spaced apart from first and second end surfaces of the ceramic body opposing each other in the length direction; and
a third external electrode disposed between the first and second external electrodes, extended from the mounting surface of the ceramic body onto portions of both side surfaces of the ceramic body in the width direction, and connected to the third lead part,
wherein when a thickness of the active layer is defined as AT, and a gap between the first or second lead part and the third lead part is defined as LG, the following Equation is satisfied: 0.00044?LG*log[1/AT]?0.00150,
wherein the first to third external electrodes include conductive layers coming into contact with the lead parts disposed in positions corresponding to the conductive layers, respectively, to thereby be connected to the lead parts, nickel (Ni) plating layers formed to cover the conductive layers, and tin (Sn) plating layers formed to cover the nickel plating layers, and
wherein the conductive layers are formed of the same conductive material as that of the first and second internal electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,340,085

MULTILAYER CAPACITOR AND INSTALLATION STRUCTURE OF MULTILAYER CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A multilayer capacitor comprising:a multilayer capacitor main body which includes first and second main surfaces, first and second side surfaces, and first and second end surfaces, the first and second main surfaces extending in a length direction and a width direction, the first and second side surfaces extending in the length direction and a thickness direction, and the first and second end surfaces extending in the width direction and the thickness direction;
a first inner electrode extending in the length direction and the thickness direction and including a first effective portion, a first extending portion, and a second extending portion, the first extending portion being connected to the first effective portion and extending to the second main surface, and the second extending portion being connected to the first effective portion and extending to the second main surface;
a second inner electrode extending in the length direction and the thickness direction and including a second effective portion and a third extending portion, the second effective portion facing the first effective portion in the width direction, and the third extending portion being connected to the second effective portion, not facing the first inner electrode, and extending to the second main surface;
a first terminal electrode which is connected to an exposed portion of the first extending portion and extends across a portion of the second main surface on a side of the first end surface in the length direction, the first end surface, and the first and second side surfaces;
a second terminal electrode which is connected to an exposed portion of the second extending portion and extends across a portion of the second main surface on a side of the second end surface in the length direction, the second end surface, and the first and second side surfaces; and
a third terminal electrode which is connected to an exposed portion of the third extending portion and extends across a portion of the second main surface between the first terminal electrode and the second terminal electrode in the length direction and the first and second side surfaces; wherein
the first main surface is a concave surface which is depressed to extend inward in the thickness direction from edges of the first main surface towards a center of the first main surface in the width direction; and
in the thickness direction, a thickness of the third terminal electrode on the second main surface is larger than a thickness of at least one of the first and second terminal electrodes on the second main surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,084

MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. A multilayer ceramic capacitor comprising:a multilayer structure in which each of a plurality of ceramic dielectric layers and each of a plurality of internal electrode layers including a co-material are alternately stacked,
wherein a Mo concentration in the co-material is smaller than that in a ceramic grain in the ceramic dielectric layer,
wherein a Mg concentration in the ceramic grain is smaller than that in the co-material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,081

CERAMIC CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A ceramic capacitor comprising:a capacitor main body including first and second principal surfaces extending in a length direction and a width direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the length direction, first and second side surfaces extending in the length direction and a laminating direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to each of the length direction and the width direction, and first and second end surfaces extending in the width direction and the laminating direction;
a plurality of internal electrodes disposed in the capacitor main body, and exposed at each of the first and second side surfaces; and
a plurality of external electrodes extending from exposed portions of the internal electrodes at the first side surface and exposed portions of the internal electrodes at the second side surface to the first and second principal surfaces; wherein
each of the plurality of internal electrodes includes:
a first internal electrode; and
a second internal electrode opposed to the first internal electrode in the laminating direction;
the first internal electrode includes:
a first opposed portion opposed to the second internal electrode;
first and second extended portions connected to the first opposed portion, and each extended to the first side surface; and
third and fourth extended portions connected to the first opposed portion, and each extended to the second side surface;
the second internal electrode includes:
a second opposed portion opposed to the first opposed portion;
a fifth extended portion connected to the second opposed portion, and extended to the first side surface; and
a sixth extended portion connected to the second opposed portion, and extended to the second side surface;
each of the plurality of external electrodes includes:
a first external electrode covering an exposed portion of the first extended portion at the first side surface and an exposed portion of the third extended portion at the second side surface, and wrapping around the first side surface, the first principal surface, the second side surface, and the second principal surface;
a second external electrode covering an exposed portion of the second extended portion at the first side surface and an exposed portion of the fourth extended portion at the second side surface, and wrapping around the first side surface, the first principal surface, the second side surface, and the second principal surface; and
a third external electrode covering an exposed portion of the fifth extended portion at the first side surface and an exposed portion of the sixth extended portion at the second side surface, and wrapping around the first side surface, the first principal surface, the second side surface, and the second principal surface; wherein
each of the first, second and third external electrodes includes a sputtered electrode film that is in direct contact with the capacitor main body;
each of outermost layers of the first, second and third external electrodes contains Cu; and
a length of a portion of the third external electrode located on the first or second principal surface in the length direction is larger than a length of a portion of the third external electrode located on the first or second side surface in the length direction.

US Pat. No. 10,340,080

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A GREEN COMPACT

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. A method of manufacturing a green compact, the method comprising:a filling step of filling a compacting space with an insulated coated soft magnetic powder, the compacting space being defined by a die that has a through hole with which a part of the outer surface of the green compact is molded by the through hole, a core rod with which another part of the outer surface of the green compact is molded, and a first punch disposed so as to cover one of opening portions of the through hole, the core rod being inserted and disposed in a space of the through hole, and the core rod being penetrated through the first punch
wherein the insulation of the insulated coated soft magnetic powder insulates the soft magnetic powder from a conduction of electrical current;
a pressurizing step of pressurizing the coated soft magnetic powder in the compacting space using the first punch and a second punch disposed so as to face the first punch, and
a removing step of removing a green compact from the die, said green compact having been obtained after pressurizing the coated soft magnetic powder, from the compacting space by moving the die with respect to the formed green compact without moving the core rod with respect to the formed green compact,
wherein a surface of the through hole of the die contacts with an outer surface of the core rod, excluding end faces of the core rod.

US Pat. No. 10,340,079

CURRENT TRANSFORMER

SEARI ELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY...

1. A current transformer comprising:a closed magnetic circuit, a first part of the closed magnetic circuit completely surrounding a primary conductor;
a second part of the closed magnetic circuit forming one or more secondary windings, the second part of the closed magnetic circuit serving as a magnetic core of the one or more secondary windings;
wherein,
the closed magnetic circuit forms a plurality of branch magnetic circuits at the second part, and one secondary winding is formed on each branch magnetic circuit, each branch magnetic circuit serves as the magnetic core of the corresponding secondary winding, each secondary winding is staggered with each other in at least one of a length direction, a height direction, and a thickness direction;
the plurality of branch magnetic circuits formed at the second part of the closed magnetic circuit are mutually staggered in the length direction and the height direction, and each branch magnetic circuit forms the closed magnetic circuit with the first part; and
wherein, in the height direction, a sum of heights of the plurality of branch magnetic circuits is equal to a height of the first part of the closed magnetic circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,077

FEED UNIT, FEED SYSTEM, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A feed unit, comprising:a power transmission section that includes a power transmission coil configured to transmit electric power by a magnetic field; and
an auxiliary resonance section that includes at least one resonator,
wherein the at least one resonator includes an auxiliary coil of a plurality of windings,
wherein the auxiliary coil is wound such that at least one gap is created between a first winding of the plurality of windings and a second winding of the plurality of windings,
wherein the first winding is adjacent to the second winding,
wherein a first width of the at least one gap in a first axis direction is larger than a second width of the at least one gap in a second axis direction, and
wherein the second axis direction is orthogonal to the first axis direction.

US Pat. No. 10,340,075

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INSULATION OF HIGH-VOLTAGE GENERATOR TANK

SHANGHAI UNITED IMAGING H...

1. A high-voltage generator tank, comprising:a tank with a tank lid, the tank lid having an opening; and
a bellows coupled to the tank, the bellows having a guide structure configured to lead the bellows to extend or shorten axially and fix the bellows,
wherein
the bellows comprises an opening having an open end and a closed end, wherein the open end of the opening of the bellows is fixed to the opening in the tank lid.

US Pat. No. 10,340,073

COIL COMPONENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A coil component comprising: a body part containing a magnetic material; a coil part disposed in the body part; and an electrode part disposed on the body part, wherein the coil part includes a support member, a first coil layer directly disposed on at least one surface of the support member, a first insulating layer stacked on at least one surface of the support member, having a composition different from the support member, and covering the first coil layer, and a second coil layer directly disposed on the first insulating layer, and the first and second coil layers are electrically connected to each other, and the second coil layer has a larger number of coil turns than the first coil layer; wherein the first coil layer includes a coil pattern having an aspect ratio less than 1, and the second coil layer includes a coil pattern having an aspect ratio exceeding 1.

US Pat. No. 10,340,072

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. An electronic component, comprising:a body made of a material containing particles of a metallic magnetic material; and
an outer electrode disposed on a surface of the body,
wherein,
the surface of the body has a contact portion which is in direct contact with the outer electrode, and the contact portion includes particles of the metallic magnetic material which are exposed from the surface of the body,
surfaces of the particles of the metallic magnetic material are coated with respective insulating films, and
at the contact portion, the insulating films are removed to expose the particles of the metallic magnetic material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,070

MULTILAYER COMMON MODE FILTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

4. A multilayer common mode filter comprising:an element body including a pair of principal surfaces opposing each other in a first direction; and
a first coil, a second coil and a third coil disposed in the element body and configured to be magnetically coupled to each other, wherein:
the first coil includes a first coil conductor and a second coil conductor having spiral shapes and is configured by electrically connecting the first coil conductor and the second coil conductor;
the second coil includes a third coil conductor and a fourth coil conductor having spiral shapes and is configured by electrically connecting the third coil conductor and the fourth coil conductor;
the third coil includes a fifth coil conductor and a sixth coil conductor having spiral shapes and is configured by electrically connecting the fifth coil conductor and the sixth coil conductor;
the first to sixth coil conductors are disposed in order of the first coil conductor, the third coil conductor, the fifth coil conductor, the second coil conductor, the fourth coil conductor, and the sixth coil conductor in the first direction;
a total value of the number of windings of the first coil conductor and the number of windings of the second coil conductor is smaller than a total value of the number of windings of the third coil conductor and the number of windings of the fourth coil conductor; and
a total value of the number of windings of the fifth coil conductor and the number of windings of the sixth coil conductor is smaller than the total value of the number of windings of the third coil conductor and the number of windings of the fourth coil conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,069

CENTRAL ACTUATOR FOR CAM PHASER

ECO Holding 1 GmbH, Mark...

11. A central actuator for a magnet valve of a cam phaser, the central actuator comprising:a housing that envelops the central actuator;
a pole tube and a pole core that are arranged within at least one coil that generates a magnetic field;
an actuation plunger that is arranged at an armature that is axially movable in a direction in an armature cavity;
a closure element that closes the armature cavity,
wherein the closure element includes at least one pole core insert that includes a central bore hole and a support bushing that is arranged in the central bore hole of the at least one pole core insert,
wherein the actuation plunger is supported axially movable in the support bushing,
wherein the closure element includes a closure cover and is provided as a pre-assembled module, and
wherein the support bushing includes a shoulder on a side that is oriented towards the armature that provided a stop for the armature and limits an axial movement of the armature.

US Pat. No. 10,340,068

CURRENT FEED-THROUGH

Siemens Healthcare Limite...

1. A current feed-through for a continuous superconducting circuit having a circuit component inside a cryogen vessel and a circuit component outside of said cryogen vessel, said current feed-through comprising:a mounting fixture having an attachment structure designed to attach the mounting fixture to a wall of the cryogen vessel in order to place an exterior side of said mounting fixture in a vacuum environment and an interior side of said mounting fixture in a cryogenic environment;
a member proceeding through said mounting fixture and being accessible from both of said sides of the mounting fixture;
an electrical isolator, connecting the mounting fixture and the member in respective positions, to ensure mechanical integrity and electrical isolation between the mounting fixture and the member; and
said member having a bore therein, and a single, continuous superconducting wire proceeding through said bore so as to be accessible from both sides of the mounting fixture in order to electrically connect the respective components of said continuous superconducting circuit inside and outside of said cryogen vessel, the superconducting wire being bonded and sealed to the bore and thereby maintained in a superconducting state in said mounting fixture by said cryogenic environment.

US Pat. No. 10,340,066

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLED NANOSTRUCTURING OF NANOMAGNETS

Clarkson University, Pot...

1. A composite magnetic matrix comprising: (i) a porous metal-organic framework (MOF); and (ii) a plurality of molecular magnets, wherein a plurality of pores of the MOF each comprise one of the plurality of molecular magnets, and wherein the each of the plurality of molecular magnets retains its magnetic properties in the matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,340,065

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET

1. A method for manufacturing an electrical steel sheet, comprising: applying a treatment solution on a surface of a base iron: andbaking and drying the treatment solution,
wherein the treatment solution contains:
a first component: 100 parts by mass in solid content, the first component consisting of:
a colloidal silica having an average particle size of 5 nm to 40 nm and having an Na content of 0.5 mass % or less: 100 parts by mass; and
an emulsion of one kind selected from the group consisting of an acrylic resin, an epoxy resin and a polyester resin which have an average particle size of 0.05 um to 0.25 um, or an emulsion of a mixture or copolymer of two or three kinds selected from the group: 40 parts by mass to 400 parts by mass in resin solid content; and
a second component consisting of particles of one or more kinds selected from the group consisting of a polyolefin wax, an epoxy resin and an acrylic resin, the particles having an average particle size of 2.0 um to 15.0 um and a melting point of 60° C. to 140° C.: 5 parts by mass to 40 parts by mass in resin solid content,
wherein a solid content of the treatment solution substantially consists of the first component and the second component.

US Pat. No. 10,340,063

CHIP RESISTOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A chip resistor comprising:a resistive element made of a metal having a plate shape having an upper surface, a lowermost surface, a first edge surface connected to the upper surface and the lowermost surface, and a second edge surface connected to the upper surface and the lower surface, the second edge surface being opposite to the first edge surface, the resistive element having a first recess and a second recess therein, the first recess extending from the lowermost surface along the first edge surface and not reaching the upper surface, the second recess extending from the lowermost surface along the second edge surface and not reaching the upper surface;
a first electrode disposed on the lowermost surface of the resistive element and between the first recess and the second recess;
a second electrode disposed on the lowermost surface of the resistive element and between the first recess and the second recess;
a protective film disposed on the lowermost surface of the resistive element and between the first electrode and the second electrode;
a first plating layer disposed on the first electrode and an inner surface of the first recess; and
a second plating layer disposed on the second electrode and an inner surface of the second recess.

US Pat. No. 10,340,062

ELECTRIC WIRE BUNDLE, APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRIC WIRE BUNDLE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRIC WIRE BUNDLE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An electric wire bundle comprising:an electric wire group including a bundle portion in which at least a portion of a plurality of electric wires in an extension direction is bundled together; and
a binding portion formed by supplying a fluid binding portion forming material from a nozzle that is rotated relatively around an outer circumference of the bundle portion to an outer circumferential portion of the bundle portion in strip-shape in a form in which the bundle portion can be maintained in a bundled condition, by moving the nozzle with a movement mechanism around the outer circumference of the bundle portion, and curing the binding portion forming material,
wherein the binding portion is formed in a mesh shape.

US Pat. No. 10,340,059

SHIELDED ELECTRICAL CABLE

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A shielded electrical cable, comprising:a plurality of differential pairs extending along a length of the cable and arranged generally in a plane along a width of the cable, each differential pair including two insulated conductors having wire diameters not greater than 24 American Wire Gauge (AWG), each differential pair substantially surrounded by a shield;
a non-conductive polymeric layer covering opposite sides of the plurality of differential pairs and including cover portions arranged such that, in transverse cross section, the cover portions of the polymeric layer substantially surrounds each differential pair; and
an adhesive layer bonding the polymeric layer to the differential pairs;
wherein a maximum separation between the cover portions of the polymeric layer is D, a minimum separation between the cover portions of the polymeric layer in a region between the conductors of each differential pair is d1, d1/D greater than 0.33;
wherein a transverse bending of the cable at a cable location of 90 degrees over an inner radius of at most 5 mm causes an insertion loss of the insulated conductors of the differential pairs proximate the cable location to vary by no more than about 0.5 dB from an initial insertion loss measured at the cable location in an unbent configuration;
wherein a high frequency electrical isolation of a first insulated conductor of a first differential pair in the plurality of differential pairs relative to a second insulated conductor of the first differential pair is substantially less than a high frequency electrical isolation of the first differential pair relative to an adjacent second differential pair in the plurality of differential pairs; and
wherein the cable has a skew of less than about 20 psec/meter.

US Pat. No. 10,340,058

CABLE WITH BRAIDED SHIELD

Hitachi Metals, Ltd., To...

1. A cable with braided shield, comprising:a conductor;
an insulation layer arranged to cover a periphery of the conductor;
a braided shield layer arranged to cover a periphery of the insulation layer; and
a sheath arranged to cover a periphery of the braided shield layer,
wherein the braided shield layer comprises an inner braided shield layer, and an outer braided shield layer provided on a periphery of the inner braided shield layer,
wherein the inner braided shield layer comprises a braided shield braided to cross metal wires,
wherein the outer braided shield layer comprise a braided shield braided to cross a copper tinsel wire and a metal wire, and
wherein the cable with braided shield satisfies D1>D2, where D1 is an outer diameter of the copper tinsel wire of the outer braided shield layer, and D2 is an outer diameter of the metal wire of the outer braided shield layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,056

FLAT CABLE AND WIRE HARNESS

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A flat cable comprising:at least one cable portion which includes:
a plurality of conductor wires arranged in parallel at predetermined intervals on a plane; and
a coating portion that collectively covers the plurality of conductor wires arranged in parallel, the coating portion being made of an insulating resin; and
at least one rib portion provided in parallel with the cable portion on the plane and to which a bus bar is to be fixed, and the at least one rib portion is made of only the same resin as the coating portion,
wherein a body including the at least one cable portion and the at least one rib portion is substantially bilaterally symmetrical in a cross-sectional structure of the body;
wherein the at least one cable portion has a first cable portion and a second cable portion;
wherein the first cable portion, the rib portion, and the second cable portion are arranged in the body on the plane in this order;
wherein an object arranged at a center in the body in a cross-section thereof is the rib portion, a central portion of the rib portion of the body in the cross-section is set as a boundary line; and
wherein a ratio of amounts of resin in a left part and a right part of the body is 1:0.85 or more when one part of the body having a larger amount of resin is set to 1, the left part of the body being arranged at a left side from the boundary line and the right part of the body being arranged at a right side from the boundary line.

US Pat. No. 10,340,054

POLYMER COMPOSITES WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE MITIGATION PROPERTIES

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A composite comprising:a lossy polymeric matrix, wherein the lossy polymeric matrix has a dielectric loss tangent of from 0.005 to 0.50; and
a mixture of ceramic particles comprising copper oxide (CuO) particles and conductive particles dispersed within the polymeric matrix, wherein the conductive particles are selected from the group consisting of carbon black, carbon bubbles, carbon foams, graphene, carbon fibers, graphite, carbon nanotubes, PAN fibers, conductive-coated particles, or a combination thereof; wherein the composite is an electromagnetic interference mitigating material, wherein:
the lossy polymeric matrix comprises epoxy-based polymeric matrix, and the conductive particles comprise carbon black; or
the lossy polymeric matrix is selected from the group consisting of epoxy-based polymeric matrix prepared from one or more bisphenol-A-based epoxy resins, one or more bisphenol-F-based epoxy resins, one or more phenol novolac-based epoxy resins, or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,340,053

RADIATION-IRRADIATION DEVICE

FUJIFILM CORPORATION, To...

1. A radiation-irradiation device comprising:a radiation generating unit that generates radiation;
a collimator unit that controls an irradiation range to be irradiated with the radiation generated by the radiation generating unit; and
an interval ensuring unit that includes a contact member being in contact with a subject to be irradiated with the radiation in a case in which a distance between the radiation generating unit and the subject is shorter than a preset distance, and ensures an interval between the radiation generating unit and the subject,
wherein the interval ensuring unit is detachably mounted on the collimator unit and is capable of being mounted at different rotational positions about an axis, which passes through a center of a diaphragm of the collimator unit and extends in a direction of an optical axis of the radiation, as a central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,340,052

SINGLE CELL APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SINGLE ION ADDRESSING

Honeywell International I...

1. An apparatus for single ion addressing, comprising:a fiber bundle configured to split a laser beam into a plurality of components; and
a single optical cell configured to:
shutter a single one of the plurality of components of the laser beam;
align the shuttered single component of the laser beam to an ion in a surface ion trap such that the ion fluoresces light and/or performs a quantum operation when the ion is illuminated by the shuttered single component of the laser beam; and
detect the light fluoresced from the ion when the ion is illuminated by the shuttered single component of the laser beam.

US Pat. No. 10,340,051

RADIOISOTOPE PRODUCTION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

General Electric Company,...

1. A radioisotope production system comprising:an electrical field system and a magnetic field system configured to direct a particle beam of charged particles along a beam path within an acceleration chamber, the magnetic field system including a magnet yoke and an electromagnet that is energized by a drive current to generate a magnetic flux into the acceleration chamber for controlling the particle beam;
a target system configured to hold a target material and receive the particle beam;
an extraction unit, wherein the particle beam is configured to pass through the extraction unit and exit the acceleration chamber toward the target system; and
a monitoring system including a processing unit that, for a plurality of times during a production session of the radioisotope production system, is configured to:
(a) determine an operating parameter of the radioisotope production system, the operating parameter including a target current or a function of the target current, the target current being detected as the particle beam is incident upon the target material; and
(b) change the drive current, thereby changing the magnetic flux, based on the operating parameter;
wherein the monitoring system is configured to obtain data of the operating parameter at one or more drive currents, wherein the monitoring system is configured to analyze the data to identify a new drive current, the monitoring system configured to change the drive current to the new drive current;
wherein the monitoring system is configured to obtain the data by sweeping the drive current back-and-forth within a designated range such that the data of the operating parameter includes values of the operating parameter at different drive currents; and
wherein the data includes data sets, each of the data sets includes a first operating parameter and a second operating parameter for a designated drive current, the monitoring system configured to select a first sub-group of the data sets based on the first operating parameters and configured to select a second sub-group of the data sets from the first sub-group based on the second operating parameters, the new drive current being based on the designated drive currents of the data sets in the second sub-group.

US Pat. No. 10,340,047

HEALTH TREND IDENTIFICATION

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method performed on a processor executing method steps comprising:collecting a set of sequence of numbers comprising one or more digits accessed by a user;
determining a frequency for each of the one or more digits in the set of sequence of numbers;
determining a set of categories for each of the one or more digits based on either an associated utility for the sequence of numbers or a mode of entry for the sequence of numbers;
determining that the frequency of at least one of the one or more digits exceeds a threshold value, wherein the threshold value serves as a trigger to identify a first subset of categories from the determined set of categories associated with each of the one or more digits;
responsive to determining that the frequency of at least one of the one or more digits exceeds a threshold value, identifying a set of health risks associated with the first subset of categories of the determined set of categories associated with each of the one or more digits wherein identifying a set of health risks associated with the first subset of categories comprises:
determining the first subset of categories from the determined set of categories associated with a digit of a sequence of numbers of the set of sequence of numbers having a greater frequency of use for the digit of the first sequence of numbers in comparison to a second subset of categories associated with the digit of the sequence of numbers;
linking a respective behavior to the first subset based on either an associated utility for the sequence of numbers or a mode of entry for the sequence of numbers;
accessing a set of medical documentation that detail a set of health risks and a set of behaviors that cause each health risk in the set of health risks;
matching the respective linked behavior to a behavior specified in the set of medical documentation; and
identifying a set of health risks from the set of medical documentation that matches the respective linked behavior;
generating, a health risk notification that includes a health risk report based on the identified set of health risks;
issuing the generated health risk notification to a person of interest based, at least in part, on the identified set of health risks;
generating a user interactive interface that displays the issued health risk notification, wherein the generated user interactive interface includes one or more graphical icons and selectable fields that can modify the health risk report;
receiving, one or more user selected options from the generated user interactive display; and
responsive to receiving the one or more user selected options from the generated user interactive display, modifying the health risk report to increase or decrease a health risk based on the received one or more user selected options.

US Pat. No. 10,340,046

NETWORK FOR MEDICAL IMAGE ANALYSIS, DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM, AND RELATED GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE (GUI) APPLICATIONS

Progenics Pharmaceuticals...

1. A network-based decision support system comprising:a processor; and
a memory having instructions stored thereon, wherein the instructions, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to perform functions (i) to (v) as follows:
(i) receive and store a plurality of medical images in a database, each medical image associated with a particular patient;
(ii) access one or more of the medical images or related data associated with a particular patient from the database upon user request for transmission to the user for display on a user computing device;
(iii) automatically analyze one or more of the medical images;
(iv) generate a radiologist report for a patient according to one or more of the medical images for the patient; and
(v) apply a machine learning algorithm to update a process for automatically analyzing one or more of the medical images using accumulated image data in the database,
wherein the plurality of medical images comprise a positron emission tomography (PET) scan of a first patient obtained following administration to the first patient of an imaging agent comprising [18F]DCFPyL, and a CT scan of the first patient, wherein the instructions cause the processor to overlay the PET scan with the CT scan to create a composite image (PET-CT) of the first patient.

US Pat. No. 10,340,044

MEDICAL SCAN IMAGE ANALYSIS SYSTEM

Enlitic, Inc., San Franc...

1. A medical scan image analysis system, comprising:a processing system that includes a processor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processing system, facilitate performance of operations comprising:
receiving a plurality of medical scans via a network, wherein each of the plurality of medical scans represents a three-dimensional anatomical region and includes a plurality of cross-sectional image slices;
generating a plurality of three-dimensional subregions corresponding to each of the plurality of medical scans by selecting a proper subset of the plurality of cross-sectional image slices from each of the plurality of medical scans, and by further selecting a two-dimensional subregion from each proper subset of the plurality of cross-sectional image slices of the each of the medical scans;
performing a learning algorithm on the plurality of three-dimensional subregions to generate a fully convolutional neural network;
receiving a new medical scan that is not included in the plurality of medical scans;
generating inference data corresponding to the new medical scan by performing a first inference algorithm on the new medical scan by utilizing the fully convolutional neural network; and
identifying an inferred abnormality in the new medical scan based on the inference data;
wherein performing the learning algorithm includes utilizing a forward propagation algorithm on the plurality of three-dimensional subregions to generate a preliminary set of neural network parameters, and by utilizing a back propagation algorithm to generate an updated set of neural network parameters based on a calculated set of parameter errors and the preliminary set of neural network parameters, and wherein performing the first inference algorithm includes utilizing the forward propagation algorithm on the new medical scan based on the updated set of neural network parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,340,039

MANAGING PATIENT DEVICES BASED ON SENSOR DATA

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more non-transitory computer-readable media maintaining executable instructions, which, when executed by the one or more processors, program the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
receiving sensor data from patient devices, wherein individual patients of a plurality of patients each have a plurality of the patient devices associated therewith;
receiving caregiver records corresponding at least partially to the sensor data;
determining a vector from the caregiver records based on a selected subject;
determining a plurality of clusters from the sensor data;
determining, from the vector, a plurality of groups corresponding to the plurality of clusters;
based on the plurality of clusters and the plurality of groups, determining an indication of a discrepancy in care for a patient of the plurality of patients; and
sending at least one of:
a notification to a caregiver device;
a notification to a monitoring computing device; or
a control signal to control a patient device at a patient location associated with the patient indicated to have a discrepancy in care.

US Pat. No. 10,340,037

AGGREGATING A PATIENT'S DISPARATE MEDICAL DATA FROM MULTIPLE SOURCES

Allscripts Software, LLC,...

1. A computer-implemented method for aggregating medical data from a plurality of sources, comprising:receiving medical data associated with a corresponding source into a central EHR system, the central EHR system including a medical records database storing a plurality of different types of patient medical data records, wherein each medical data record is associated with a corresponding time and a corresponding source, wherein each medical data record includes a reference to a master patient identifier, and wherein the master patient identifier is stored in a master patient data record separate from the plurality of different types of patient medical data records;
reconciling the received medical data with existing patient medical data records in the medical records database to identify a master patient to whom the received medical data relates, wherein the reconciling further comprises:
determining a list of potentially-relevant patient medical data records in the medical records database to compare with the received medical data;
iteratively performing the following steps for each data record in the list until a master patient is identified or until all data records have been visited:
determining a confidence score for the data record indicating the likelihood that the received medical data and the data record relate to the same master patient;
communicating the received medical data and the data record to a third party for verification when the confidence score for the data record is greater than or equal to a lower threshold and less than an upper threshold;
identifying the master patient to whom the data record relates as the master patient to whom the received medical data relates when a positive response is received from the third party; and
identifying the master patient to whom the data record relates as the master patient to whom the received medical data relates when the confidence score for the data record is greater than or equal to the upper threshold;
verifying that the source associated with the received medical data is authorized to add medical data related to the identified master patient;
writing a new patient medical data record to the medical records database, the new patient medical data record comprising the received medical data, a provider-specific patient identifier received from the source associated with the received medical data, and a reference to a master patient data record containing a master patient identifier corresponding to the identified master patient; and
creating, in the medical records database, a link between the provider-specific patient identifier and the master patient identifier corresponding to the identified master patient, wherein when additional medical data is received from the corresponding source, the additional medical data is correlated to the master patient identifier based upon the link.

US Pat. No. 10,340,036

DATA MANAGEMENT MECHANISM FOR WIDE-AREA DISTRIBUTED MEDICAL INFORMATION NETWORK

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:acquiring, by a second computer and from a third computer, address information of a plurality of first computers, wherein the address information of the plurality of first computers is associated with patient medical information for a particular patient;
storing, on the second computer, the address information of the plurality of first computers in an address list in the second computer;
transmitting, by the second computer, updated medical information from the second computer to the plurality of first computers, wherein the updated medical information is stored in a persistent storage device in the second computer;
receiving, by the second computer, receipt notifications from a portion of the plurality of first computers, wherein the receipt notifications acknowledge receipt of the updated medical information, and wherein only the portion of the plurality of first computers responded to the updated medical information from the second computer;
in response to the portion of the plurality of first computers being less than all of the plurality of first computers, sending, from the second computer, directions to one or more fourth computers to reiteratively send the updated medical information until all of the plurality of first computers that did not send receipt notifications to the second computer send receipt notifications of the updated medical information to the one or more fourth computers, wherein the first computers and the one or more fourth computers are at a same location, and wherein the second computer is in a location that is remote from the plurality of first computers and the one or more fourth computers;
receiving, by the second computer and from the one or more fourth computers, information from the one or more fourth computers indicating that all of the plurality of first computers that did not send receipt notifications to the second computer have sent receipt notifications to the one or more fourth computers indicating receipt of the updated medical information; and
in response to receiving the information from the one or more fourth computers indicating that all of the plurality of first computers have sent receipt notifications to the one or more fourth computers indicating receipt of the updated medical information, deleting the addresses of the plurality of first computers that did send receipt notifications to the one or more fourth computers from the address list on the second computer and deleting the updated medical information from the persistent storage device in the second computer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,035

MEDICAL RECORD STORAGE WITH ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE

Fenwal, Inc., Lake Zuric...

1. A system for storing an electronic medical record with an electronic signature in a database, comprising:an apheresis machine configured to perform an apheresis procedure on a patient, the apheresis machine configured to transmit an unsigned medical record; and
a server computer comprising:
a network interface circuit configured to provide communications over a network; and
a processing circuit configured to:
receive the unsigned medical record from the apheresis machine;
generate a user interface screen configured to receive an electronic signature for the unsigned medical record;
transmit the user interface screen to the apheresis machine over the network;
receive an electronic signature entered using the user interface screen; and
store the unsigned medical record and electronic signature in the database.

US Pat. No. 10,340,034

EVIDENCE-BASED HEALTHCARE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT PROTOCOLS

Elwha LLC, Bellevue, WA ...

1. A healthcare information management system comprising:at least one computing device in communication with at least one data storage device maintaining digital patient records; and
one or more instructions that, when implemented in the at least one computing device, program the at least one computing device for:
associating at least one personal mobile device with at least one patient;
detecting that the at least one personal mobile device associated with the at least one patient is local to at least one healthcare administration space;
recording the detection that the at least one personal mobile device associated with the at least one patient is local to the at least one healthcare administration space in the digital patient records;
detecting, at least partially from the digital patient records and at least partially from the recorded detection that the at least one personal mobile device associated with the at least one patient is local to the at least one healthcare administration space, a number of institutional admissions of a patient associated with a particular medical condition;
determining whether the number of institutional admissions associated with the particular medical condition are less than a pre-determined threshold number of admissions in relation to the particular condition;
assigning an incentive to the patient at least partly based on an indication that the patient has undergone less than the threshold number of institutional admissions in relation to the particular condition; and
transmitting at least one indication of the assigned incentive to at least one application running on the at least one personal mobile device associated with the at least one patient, responsive to the indication of the assigning of the incentive to the at least one patient including at least invoking circuitry configured for controlling operation of at least one device to cause the at least one device to dispense currency to the patient.

US Pat. No. 10,340,033

AUTONOMOUS LINKAGE OF PATIENT INFORMATION RECORDS STORED AT DIFFERENT ENTITIES

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A system that links patient information records, of a same patient, that are stored at different facilities, comprising:a plurality of facilities, each facility including:
one or more patient databases comprising patient information records;
a facility specific patient identification algorithm, stored in computer memory, that matches patient information records, of the same patient, located at its facility of the plurality of facilities with the patient information records, of the same patient, located at other facilities of the plurality of facilities;
a linking subsystem, implemented via a microprocessor, that maintains a set of links between its facility and the other facilities of the plurality of facilities, and each link of the set of links represents a facility specific match and each link is stored in computer memory, wherein each link comprises an entity identifier;
wherein the linking subsystem of a first facility of the plurality of facilities links patient information records, of the same patient, located at the first facility with corresponding patient information records, of the same patient, located at a second facility of the plurality of facilities creating a first link of the set of links of the first facility in response to a first facility specific patient identification algorithm of the first facility matching the patient information record, of the same patient, located at the first facility with a corresponding patient information record, of the same patient, located at the second facility;
wherein the linking subsystem of the second facility of the plurality of facilities links patient information records, of the same patient, located at the second facility with corresponding patient information records, of the same patient, located at the first facility of the plurality of facilities creating a first link of the set of links of the second facility in response to a second facility specific patient identification algorithm of the second facility matching the patient information record, of the same patient, located at the second facility with the corresponding patient information record, of the same patient, located at the first facility,
wherein the first facility specific patient identification algorithm and the second facility specific patient identification algorithm are different,
wherein the first link of the first facility and the first link of the second facility are different links;
wherein at least the first facility locally stores a copy of at least a sub-set of the corresponding patient information records, of the same patient, located at the second facility of the plurality of facilities, and the facility specific patient identification algorithm of the first facility employs the locally stored copy to match the patient information records from the second facility; and
wherein the facility specific patient identification algorithm of the first facility matches the patient identification records between the patient information record of the same patient of the second facility and the patient record of the same patient of a third facility with at least one of a different threshold for acceptance and different weighted attributes.

US Pat. No. 10,340,032

RAPIDLY CONFIGURABLE DRUG DETECTION SYSTEM WITH ENHANCED CONFIDENTIALITY

1. A sample analysis system, said system comprising:a computerized device comprising a processor, camera, device software, memory, user interface, and a device network interface;
a test kit configured to accept a liquid sample from a sample collector, analyze said liquid sample for a plurality of analytes, and display a plurality of spatially separated optically detectable signals reporting on said plurality of analytes;
wherein said test kit comprises a lateral flow immunoassay comprising a plurality of lateral flow immunoassay tracks configured to generate at least one spatially separated optically detectable signal reporting on at least one of said plurality of analytes;
said test kit configured to display said spatially separated optically detectable signals in a manner that is obfuscated according to an obfuscation code;
said test kit further comprising a test ID code uniquely identifying said test kit;
a test reader stand configured to hold said computerized device and said test kit so that said camera can image said test kit when said test kit is present;
said device software configured to accept operator entered analysis parameters for a subset of said plurality of analytes, said device software configured to further accept test reporting information, test details, and at least some sample donor information;
said test reporting information comprising an electronic or physical address of at least one recipient (contact) for said test reporting information;
said device software further configured to use said camera to image said test kit, and obtain images of said spatially separated optically detectable signals;
said device software further configured to use said device network interface to transmit said operator entered analysis parameters for at least a subset of said plurality of analytes, said test reporting information, said test details, at least some said sample donor information, said test ID code, and images or data of said spatially separated optically detectable signals to a remote server; and
wherein said obfuscation code is stored on said remote server and is not transmitted to either said computerized device or said operator.

US Pat. No. 10,340,029

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN MELT CURVE DATA

LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORA...

1. A system comprising:a processor; and
a memory in communication with the processor, the memory storing instructions for:
receiving by the processor a set of initial protein melt curve data corresponding to an analysis group, wherein the analysis group comprises sample data from a plurality of sample support devices;
generating and displaying a plurality of melt curves obtained from a first set of processed protein melt curve data from the initial protein melt curve data;
displaying an analysis group window indicating the analysis group to which the initial protein melt curve data corresponds;
presenting a user interface for selecting a temperature range over which a region of the plurality of melt curves extend; and
in response to receiving input of a selected temperature range via the interface:
generating a second set of processed protein melt curve data, the second set of protein melt curve data comprising a fit of the first set of processed protein melt curve data over the selected temperature range, and
displaying the second set of protein melt curve data as a melt curve.

US Pat. No. 10,340,025

DATA-STORAGE DEVICE AND BLOCK-RELEASING METHOD

SILICON MOTION, INC., Jh...

1. A data-storage device, comprising:a flash memory, comprising a plurality of blocks, and each of the blocks comprises a plurality of pages, wherein the blocks comprise a plurality of bad blocks that are labeled as damaged; and
a controller, configured to select one of the bad blocks as a test block, and read the pages in the test block to determine whether the pages in the test block are damaged,
wherein when all the pages in the test block are undamaged, the controller labels the test block as a spare block,
wherein the controller selects as the test block one of the bad blocks that has been labeled damaged for the longest time.

US Pat. No. 10,340,024

SOLID STATE DRIVE PHYSICAL BLOCK REVECTORING TO IMPROVE CLUSTER FAILURE RATES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A computing system comprising:a plurality of memory dies; and
a memory controller coupled to the plurality of memory dies, the memory controller including logic to:
identify an initial data band that spans the plurality of memory dies, wherein the initial data band is to include two or more block units that are to be located in separate memory dies of the plurality of memory dies, and
revector the plurality of memory dies to stagger the initial data band across a plurality of modified data bands, wherein a total number of modified data bands to be used for the revector is to equal a total number of block units in the initial data band.

US Pat. No. 10,340,023

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING BIT VALUES IN NON-VOLATILE MEMORY

Storart Technology Co., L...

1. A method for determining bit values in a non-volatile memory having a plurality of cells each for storing a bit value, comprising the steps of:a) providing a first test sensing voltage to the cells and calculating a cell count of cells which have threshold voltages higher than the first test sensing voltage;
b) providing another test sensing voltage to the cells and calculating a difference of the cell counts between this step and previous step;
c) providing still another test sensing voltage higher than the highest test sensing voltage in previous steps to the cells if the difference of the cell counts in the previous step is positive, or lower than the lowest test sensing voltage in previous steps to the cells if the difference of the cell counts in the previous step is negative and calculating another difference of the cell counts between this step and previous step;
d) processing step c) for N times;
e) calculating differential amounts of cell counts for adjacent two test sensing voltages and assigning an index number to each group of cells having threshold voltages fallen in the same adjacent two test sensing voltages, higher than the highest test sensing voltage or below the lowest test sensing voltage;
f) choosing a voltage between the adjacent two test sensing voltages which cause the least differential amount in step e) as an updated sensing voltage; and
g) determining bit values of cells as logic 1 with the corresponding index number when the threshold voltages of the cells are lower than the updated sensing voltage or as logic 0 with corresponding index number when the threshold voltages of the cells are higher than the updated sensing voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,340,022

NONVOLATILE MEMORY INCLUDING ON-DIE-TERMINATION CIRCUIT AND STORAGE DEVICE INCLUDING THE NONVOLATILE MEMORY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A nonvolatile memory (NVM) device comprising:a data pin;
a control pin;
an on-die termination (ODT) pin; and
a plurality of NVM chips commonly connected to the data pin, the control pin and the ODT pin,
wherein a first NVM chip among the NVM chips comprises an ODT circuit,
wherein the first NVM chip determines one of an ODT write mode and an ODT read mode based on a control signal received through the control pin and an ODT signal received through the ODT pin, uses the ODT circuit to perform an ODT on the data pin during the ODT write mode, and uses the ODT circuit to perform the ODT on the control pin during the ODT read mode,
wherein the control signal indicates whether one of a read operation and a write operation is to be performed, and
wherein the plurality of NVM chips commonly receives the ODT signal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,021

PULSE SIGNAL OUTPUT CIRCUIT AND SHIFT REGISTER

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first transistor, a second transistor, a third transistor, a fourth transistor, a fifth transistor, and a sixth transistor;
wherein polarities of the first transistor, the second transistor, the third transistor, the fourth transistor, the fifth transistor, and the sixth transistor are the same,
wherein one of a source and a drain of the first transistor is directly connected to one of a source and a drain of the second transistor,
wherein one of a source and a drain of the third transistor is directly connected to one of a source and a drain of the fourth transistor,
wherein a gate of the fourth transistor is directly connected to a gate of the second transistor,
wherein one of a source and a drain of the fifth transistor is directly connected to the one of the source and the drain of the third transistor,
wherein the other of the source and the drain of the fifth transistor is directly connected to a gate of the first transistor,
wherein one of a source and a drain of the sixth transistor is directly connected to the gate of the second transistor,
wherein the other of the source and the drain of the second transistor is directly connected to a first wiring,
wherein the other of the source and the drain of the fourth transistor is directly connected to the first wiring,
wherein a gate of the fifth transistor is directly connected to a second wiring,
wherein the other of the source and the drain of the sixth transistor is directly connected to the second wiring,
wherein a ratio W/L of a channel width W to a channel length L of the third transistor is almost equal to a ratio W/L of a channel width W to a channel length L of the fifth transistor,
wherein a first clock signal is input to the other of the source and the drain of the first transistor,
wherein a second clock signal is input to a gate of the sixth transistor, and
wherein a ratio W/L of a channel width W to a channel length L of the first transistor is larger than a ratio W/L of a channel width W to a channel length L of the fourth transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,020

FUSE ELEMENT PROGRAMMING CIRCUIT AND METHOD

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A circuit for programming a fuse element comprising:a memory cell having the fuse element that includes a first semiconductor material body region and a silicide layer;
a programming circuit configured to form a programming current to program the fuse element;
a programming element configured to conduct a control current and to control a value of the programming current, the programming element having a second semiconductor material body region but not a silicide layer;
a current mirror, of the programming circuit, having a first transistor coupled at a node to a second transistor of the current mirror, the first transistor configured to conduct the control current, the second transistor configured to conduct the programming current;
a reference generation circuit configured to conduct the control current, the reference generation circuit coupled in series between the node and the programming element;
the programming circuit configured to control the programming current to a first value responsively to a resistance value of the programming element and to subsequently control the programming current to a different value responsively to a resistance value of the fuse element.

US Pat. No. 10,340,019

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE WITH IMPROVED PROGRAM VERIFICATION RELIABILITY

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A semiconductor memory device comprising:a memory cell array including a first string group and a second string group, wherein the first string group and the second string group each includes memory cell strings, and
wherein each of the memory cell strings includes at least one selection transistor cell;
a peripheral circuit configured to perform a program operation comprising a program voltage application operation on both the first string group and the second string group, and to perform a half page program verification operation; and
a control logic configured to control the peripheral circuit to determine pass or fail of the program operation according to a result of the half page program verification operation,
wherein the control logic controls the peripheral circuit to select one of the first string group and the second string group for the half page program verification operation based on whether an application number of a program voltage applied to both the first string group and the second string group is even or odd.

US Pat. No. 10,340,018

MEMORY DEVICE FOR PERFORMING PROGRAM OPERATION AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A memory device, comprising:a plurality of memory cells connected to a word line, each of the plurality of memory cells being programmed to one of a plurality of program states;
a peripheral circuit configured to perform a program operation to the plurality of memory cells, the program operation including a program voltage applying operation and a verify operation; and
a control logic configured to control the peripheral circuit to simultaneously perform the verify operation for at least two program states by applying bit line voltages having different voltage levels to bit lines coupled to the plurality of memory cells,
wherein the control logic controls the peripheral circuit to apply the bit line voltages determined based on a difference between a voltage applied to the word line and threshold voltages corresponding to target program states of the plurality of memory cells.

US Pat. No. 10,340,016

METHODS OF ERROR-BASED READ DISTURB MITIGATION AND MEMORY DEVICES UTILIZING THE SAME

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory device, comprising:a main memory comprising a plurality of memory addresses, each memory address corresponding to a single one of a plurality of word lines and being included in a tracked subset of the plurality of memory addresses, each tracked subset including memory addresses corresponding to more than one of the plurality of word lines; and
a controller operably connected to the main memory and configured to:
track, for each tracked subset, a number of read operations,
scan, in response to the number of read operations for a first tracked subset exceeding a first threshold value corresponding to the first tracked subset, a portion of data corresponding to each word line of the first tracked subset to determine an error count corresponding to each word line of the first tracked subset, and
update the first threshold value by an amount corresponding to the determined error count.

US Pat. No. 10,340,015

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR CHARGING A GLOBAL ACCESS LINE PRIOR TO ACCESSING A MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a memory array including signal lines; and
a control logic circuit configured to charge at least one signal line of the memory array responsive to a pre-access command, the control logic circuit configured, responsive to the pre-access command, to control a voltage of the at least one signal line based partly on a temperature of the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,340,014

MONITORING ERROR CORRECTION OPERATIONS PERFORMED IN MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a memory; and
circuitry configured to:
determine a bit error rate associated with an error correction operation performed on sensed data states of a number of memory cells of the memory and soft data associated with the sensed data states;
determine a high reliability error rate associated with the error correction operation; and
determine whether to take a corrective action on the sensed data states by:
plotting a data point corresponding to the bit error rate and the high reliability error rate in a two-dimensional bit error rate versus high reliability error rate space, wherein the two-dimensional bit error rate versus high reliability error rate space includes a curve corresponding to a correction limit of the error correction operation; and
determining a location of the data point relative to the curve in the two-dimensional bit error rate versus high reliability error rate space.

US Pat. No. 10,340,013

MEMORY DEVICE

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A memory device comprising:a semiconductor column extending above a substrate;
a first conductive layer on a first side of the semiconductor column;
a second conductive layer on a second side of the semiconductor column, opposite to the first conductive layer;
a third conductive layer above or below the first conductive layer and on the first side of the semiconductor column;
a fourth conductive layer on the second side of the semiconductor column, opposite to the third conductive layer;
a fifth conductive layer adjacent the first conductive layer on the first side of the semiconductor column and between the first and third conductive layers;
a sixth conductive layer on the second side of the semiconductor column, opposite to the fifth conductive layer; and
a bit line connected to the semiconductor column, wherein during reading in which a positive voltage is applied to the bit line:
a first voltage is applied to the first conductive layer and a second voltage is applied to the second conductive layer;
a third voltage is applied to the third conductive layer and a fourth voltage is applied to the fourth conductive layer;
a fifth voltage is applied to the fifth conductive layer and a sixth voltage is applied to the sixth conductive layer;
the first voltage and the third voltage are higher than each of the second voltage and the sixth voltage;
the fifth voltage is higher than the first, second, third, fourth and sixth voltages; and
the third voltage is higher than the first voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,340,012

CONTROL LOGIC, SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE, AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. A semiconductor memory device comprising:a memory cell array including a plurality of cell strings;
a read and write (read/write) circuit configured to perform a read operation or a program operation on the memory cell array; and
a control logic configured to control the read/write circuit to perform the read operation or the program operation on the memory cell array,
wherein each of the plurality of cell strings includes a plurality of memory cells coupled with corresponding word lines,
wherein, during the program operation, the control logic is configured to determine, based on a position of a selected memory cell in the cell string, a program step voltage to be applied to a selected word line coupled to the selected memory cell, and is configured to determine a pass voltage to be applied to an unselected word line based on the program step voltage, and
wherein the program step voltage has a higher value than 0V.

US Pat. No. 10,340,011

THREE-DIMENSIONAL ADDRESSING FOR ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY

1. A device for use with a print head, comprising:a plurality of memory arrays of storage units storing data for the print head; and
a plurality of flip-flop circuits connected to the plurality of memory arrays,
wherein the plurality of flip-flop circuits is to receive data signals and generate a three-dimensional address of one of the storage units in the plurality of memory arrays, the three-dimensional address comprising:
a first select signal to identify a first portion of the three-dimensional address of the storage unit in the plurality of memory arrays,
a second select signal to identify a second portion of the three-dimensional address of the storage unit in the plurality of memory arrays, and
a third select signal, generated by one of the plurality of flip-flop circuits, to identify a third portion of the three-dimensional address of the storage unit in the plurality of memory arrays.

US Pat. No. 10,340,010

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONFIGURING ARRAY COLUMNS AND ROWS FOR ACCESSING FLASH MEMORY CELLS

SILICON STORAGE TECHNOLOG...

1. A non-volatile memory device comprising:an array of flash memory cells comprising a plurality of flash memory cells organized into rows and columns, wherein the array is further organized into a plurality of sectors, each sector comprising a plurality of rows of flash memory cells;
a first column decoder selectively coupled to a first sector configured to operate in dual-column mode; and
a second column decoder selectively coupled to a second sector configured to operate in single-column mode;
wherein during a read or programming operation in the first sector, the first column decoder selects two immediately adjacent columns enabling reading or programming of two immediately adjacent flash memory cells and during a read or programming operation in the second sector, the second column decoder selects no more than one column enabling reading or programming of one flash memory cell.

US Pat. No. 10,340,009

METHODS AND APPARATUSES INCLUDING A STRING OF MEMORY CELLS HAVING A FIRST SELECT TRANSISTOR COUPLED TO A SECOND SELECT TRANSISTOR

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a memory cell string, comprising,
multiple memory cells, each memory cell including a control gate transistor,
a select gate drain transistor between the multiple memory cells and a bit line, the select gate transistor having a gate;
a first select gate source transistor on the opposite side of the multiple memory cells from the select gate drain transistor, and between the multiple memory cells and a source, the first select gate source transistor having a gate;
a second select gate source transistor coupled in series with the first select gate source transistor, and between the first select gate source transistor and the source, the second select gate source transistor having a gate; and
a first drive transistor coupled to both,
the gate of the select gate drain transistor; and
the gate of either the first select gate source transistor or the gate of the second select gate source transistor; and
wherein the first or second select gate source transistor that is coupled to the first drive transistor has a shorter channel length than that of the other select gate source transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,008

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND DISCHARGE METHOD

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first switch circuit between a power supply line and a ground potential, the first switch circuit being configured to electrically connect the power supply line to the ground potential upon receipt of a first control signal that is supplied when a supply of power on the power supply line is cut off;
a capacitor connected between the power supply line and the ground potential;
a second switch circuit between the capacitor and the power supply line, the second switch circuit being configured to disconnect the capacitor from the power supply line upon receipt of the first control signal; and
a controller circuit configured to output the first control signal when the supply of power on the power supply line is cut off.

US Pat. No. 10,340,007

RESISTIVE CONTENT ADDRESSABLE MEMORY BASED IN-MEMORY COMPUTATION ARCHITECTURE

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. An associative processor system, comprising:a content addressable memory (CAM) including an array of cells, where individual cells of the array of cells comprise a memristor based crossbar;
an instruction cache configured to hold instructions to be performed by the CAM;
a controller;
a key register controlled by the controller, the controller being configured to generate key values and store the key values in the key register;
a mask register controlled by the controller, the controller being configured to generate mask values and store the mask values in the mask register;
the CAM configured to mark tag bits in a tag field for rows of the CAM that are compared and matched based on the key and mask values; and
an interconnection switch matrix circuit coupled to an output of the CAM, the interconnection switch matrix circuit comprising a gateless memristor array,
wherein the interconnection switch matrix circuit is configured to allow rows of the CAM to communicate in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,340,006

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY HAVING BOTH VOLATILE AND NON-VOLATILE FUNCTIONALITY INCLUDING RESISTANCE CHANGE MATERIAL AND METHOD OF OPERATING

Zeno Semiconductor, Inc.,...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a semiconductor memory array comprising:
a plurality of semiconductor memory cells arranged in a matrix of rows and columns, wherein each said semiconductor memory cell comprises:
a bipolar device comprising a floating body having a first conductivity type selected from n-type conductivity type and p-type conductivity type and configured to store data when power is applied to said cell;
a nonvolatile memory comprising a resistance change element configured to store data stored in said bipolar device upon transfer thereto;
a buried layer region having a second conductivity type selected from said n-type conductivity type and said p-type conductivity type and being different from said first conductivity type;
wherein said buried layer region is commonly connected to at least two of said memory cells; and
a control circuit configured to perform said transfer operation.

US Pat. No. 10,340,005

RESISTIVE CHANGE ELEMENT ARRAYS WITH IN SITU INITIALIZATION

Nantero, Inc., Woburn, M...

1. A resistive change element memory array, comprising:a plurality of word lines;
a plurality of bit lines;
a plurality of select lines;
a plurality of initialization driver circuits;
a plurality of memory cells, said memory cells comprising:
a resistive change element having a first terminal and a second terminal, said first terminal in electrical communication with a select line and an initialization driver circuit, wherein said resistive change element is capable of being switched between at least two non-volatile resistance values with a first resistance value corresponding to a first resistive state and a second resistance value corresponding to a second resistive state;
a selection device responsive to a control signal on a word line, said selection device selectively providing a conductive path between a bit line and said second terminal of said resistive change element;
wherein said plurality of initialization driver circuits are capable of applying initialization stimuli to said resistive change elements within said plurality of memory cells;
wherein said initialization stimuli enables operation of said plurality of memory cells within at least two informational states.

US Pat. No. 10,340,004

WRITE VOLTAGE GENERATING CIRCUIT COMPRISING A CURRENT MIRROR

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A device for writing to a memory, comprising:a current mirror circuit configured to generate a mirror current that mirrors a write current flowing to the memory, the current mirror circuit including:
a first transistor having a gate terminal and a source/drain terminal coupled to each other via a coupling point and the gate terminal directly couples to a memory cell of the memory via the coupling point, and
a second transistor having (i) a gate terminal coupled to the gate terminal of the first transistor and (ii) a source/drain coupled to a current source circuit via a node;
a voltage-generating circuit selectively coupled to the current mirror circuit and configured to apply, through the current mirror circuit, a write voltage to the memory; and
a switch circuit configured to control coupling of the voltage-generating circuit to the current mirror circuit based on a voltage at the node;
wherein the current source circuit includes a constant current source configured to draw a compliance current from the node.

US Pat. No. 10,340,001

SINGLE-READOUT HIGH-DENSITY MEMRISTOR CROSSBAR

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. A method for reading a target memory cell located at an intersection of a target row of a high-density gateless array and a target column of the high-density gateless array, the method comprising:reading a value of the target memory cell;
calculating an actual value of the target memory cell based on the read value of the memory cell and a component of the read value caused by a sneak path current; and
calculating the component of the read value caused by the sneak path current prior to calculating the actual value of the target memory cell,
wherein calculating the component of the read value caused by the sneak path current includes:
estimating a value of an initial memory cell,
reading a value of the initial memory cell, and
calculating the component of the read value caused by the sneak path current based on the estimated value of the initial memory cell and the read value of the initial memory cell.

US Pat. No. 10,339,951

AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for audio signal processing in a vehicle comprising:generating a mono audio signal based on a multichannel audio source signal;
limiting the mono audio signal to a frequency range between a given lower frequency and a given upper frequency;
outputting the limited mono audio signal via a plurality of speakers in the vehicle; and
compensating an influence of the limited mono audio signal output by the plurality of speakers on a speech audio signal received by a microphone in the vehicle by means of the limited mono audio signal; wherein
the given lower frequency has a value within a range of 100 Hz to 300 Hz and the given upper frequency has a value within a range of 4 kHz to 8 kHz.

US Pat. No. 10,339,950

BEAM SELECTION FOR BODY WORN DEVICES

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. An electronic device, the electronic device comprising:a microphone array; and
an electronic processor communicatively coupled to the microphone array and configured to
receive a plurality of audio signals from the microphone array;
generate a plurality of beams based on the plurality of audio signals;
detect that an electronic device is in a body-worn position; and
in response to the electronic device being in the body-worn position,
determine at least one restricted direction based on the body-worn position;
generate, for each of the plurality of beams, a likelihood statistic having a value indicative of the likelihood that the beam is directed to a desired sound source;
for each of the plurality of beams, assign a weight to the likelihood statistic to adjust the value of the likelihood statistic based on the at least one restricted direction and on prior information about the electronic device to generate a weighted likelihood statistic; and
generate an output audio stream from the plurality of beams based on the weighted likelihood statistic.

US Pat. No. 10,339,949

MULTI-CHANNEL SPEECH ENHANCEMENT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An audio appliance, comprising:a first microphone transducer to provide a first acoustic signal;
a second microphone transducer to provide a second acoustic signal, wherein the first microphone transducer and the second microphone transducer are spaced apart from each other and define a longitudinal axis;
a voice-activity detector configured to determine a presence or an absence of user speech responsive to a combination of voice-activity cues comprising, a first level difference between the first acoustic signal and the second acoustic signal within a first frequency band, and a second level difference between the first acoustic signal and the second acoustic signal within a second frequency band; and
a noise suppressor configured, responsive to a determined presence of speech by the voice-activity detector, to suppress in a noise-supressed output-signal impairments originating from a direction of up to about 75-degrees from the longitudinal axis by between about 3 dB and about 20 dB; and
an output device to output the noise-suppressed output-signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,948

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING AND DECODING HIGH FREQUENCY FOR BANDWIDTH EXTENSION

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A decoding apparatus for generating a high frequency spectrum, the decoding apparatus comprising:a receiving unit configured to receive a bitstream including one of first excitation class information, second excitation class information and third excitation class information as an excitation class of a current frame; and
a processor configured to:
decode a low frequency spectrum of the current frame from the bitstream;
obtain a high frequency excitation spectrum of the current frame by copying the low frequency spectrum, based on the excitation class of the current frame;
generate a high frequency spectrum based on the high frequency excitation spectrum; and
combine the low frequency spectrum and the high frequency spectrum,
wherein the first excitation class information for the current frame indicates that the excitation class of the current frame corresponds to a speech class, if the current frame has a speech characteristic,
wherein the second excitation class information for the current frame indicates that the excitation class of the current frame corresponds to a first non-speech class, if the current frame does not have the speech characteristic,
wherein the third excitation class information for the current frame indicates that the excitation class of the current frame corresponds to a second non-speech class, if the current frame does not have the speech characteristic, and
wherein whether the excitation class of the current frame corresponds to the first non-speech class or the second non-speech class is determined based on a tonal characteristic of the current frame.

US Pat. No. 10,339,946

AUDIO DECODER AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A DECODED AUDIO INFORMATION USING AN ERROR CONCEALMENT MODIFYING A TIME DOMAIN EXCITATION SIGNAL

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An audio decoder for providing decoded audio information from a series of audio frames including encoded audio information, the audio decoder comprising:an error concealment unit to provide error concealment audio information for concealing a lost audio frame,
wherein to provide the error concealment audio information, the error concealment module modifies a time domain excitation signal derived from encoded audio information from one or more audio frames encoded in a frequency domain preceding the lost audio frame,
the encoded audio information comprising an encoded representation of spectral values and scale factors representing a scaling of different frequency bands.

US Pat. No. 10,339,945

CODING/DECODING METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM FOR AUDIO SIGNAL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

6. A decoding method performed by a decoder, comprising:receiving an encoded audio signal bitstream;
obtaining one or more characteristic factors, high frequency band coding information, and an energy ratio corresponding to an audio signal of the encoded audio signal;
decoding, according to the one or more characteristic factors, the audio signal bitstream to obtain a low frequency band signal;
decoding, according to the high frequency band coding information, the audio signal bitstream to obtain a high frequency band signal;
predicting the high frequency band signal to obtain a first full band signal;
performing de-emphasis processing on the first full band signal based on a de-emphasis parameter that is determined according to the one or more characteristic factors;
calculating a first energy of the first full band signal that has undergone de-emphasis processing;
obtaining a second full band signal according to the energy ratio, the first full band signal that has undergone de-emphasis processing, and the first energy; and
restoring the audio signal according to the second full band signal, the low frequency band signal, and the high frequency band signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,944

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PREDICTING HIGH BAND EXCITATION SIGNAL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for audio signal processing at a decoder, comprising:decoding a bitstream to obtain a set of spectral frequency parameters, wherein the set of spectral frequency parameters have an ordering relationship according to frequencies;
calculating spectral frequency parameter difference values associated with at least two pairs of the set of spectral frequency parameters, wherein each pair of the spectral frequency parameters comprises two adjacent spectral frequency parameters according to the ordering relationship;
determining, according to a bitrate of the bitstream, a search range for a minimum spectral frequency parameter difference value;
correcting each calculated spectral frequency parameter difference value in the search range using a correction factor to obtain a plurality of corrected spectral frequency parameter difference values;
searching for the minimum spectral frequency parameter difference value from the plurality of corrected spectral frequency parameter difference values in the search range;
determining, according to the minimum spectral frequency parameter difference value, a start frequency bin for predicting a high band excitation signal from a low band excitation signal obtained via the decoding of the bitstream;
generating the high band excitation signal by selecting a frequency band with a preset bandwidth from the low band excitation signal according to the start frequency bin; and
outputting a wideband signal that is generated according to the high band excitation signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,942

PARAMETRIC JOINT-CODING OF AUDIO SOURCES

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method of audio encoding a plurality of source audio signals comprising:computing, for the plurality of source audio signals, statistical information representing spectral envelopes of the source audio signals of the plurality of source audio signals, wherein the statistical information further includes, for each respective one of the plurality of source audio signals and each of a plurality of subbands, information regarding a normalized subband auto-correlation function of the respective one of the plurality of source audio signals; and
transmitting the statistical information representing the spectral envelopes of the source audio signals and the information regarding the normalized subband auto-correlation function for each of the plurality of source audio signals and each of the plurality of subbands as metadata for an audio signal derived from the plurality of source audio signals; wherein
at least one of computing the statistical information and transmitting the statistical information is implemented, at least in part, by one or more hardware elements of an audio signal processing device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,941

COMFORT NOISE ADDITION FOR MODELING BACKGROUND NOISE AT LOW BIT-RATES

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A decoder being configured for processing an encoded audio bitstream, wherein the decoder comprises:a bitstream decoder configured to derive a decoded audio signal from the bitstream, wherein the decoded audio signal comprises at least one decoded frame;
a noise estimation device configured to produce a noise estimation signal comprising an estimation of a level and/or a spectral shape of a noise in the decoded audio signal;
a comfort noise generating device configured to derive a comfort noise signal from the noise estimation signal; and
a combiner configured to combine the decoded frame of the decoded audio signal and the comfort noise signal in order to acquire an audio output signal, in such way that the decoded frame in the audio output signal comprises artificial noise;
wherein the decoder comprises a switch device configured to switch the decoder alternatively to a first mode of operation or to a second mode of operation, wherein in the first mode of operation the comfort noise signal is fed to the combiner, whereas the comfort noise signal is not fed to the combiner in the second mode of operation; and
wherein the decoder comprises a control device configured to control the switch device automatically, wherein the control device comprises a noise detector and configured to control the switch device depending on a signal-to-noise ratio of the decoded audio signal, wherein under low-signal-to-noise-ratio-conditions the decoder is switched to the first mode of operation and under high-signal-to-noise-ratio-conditions to the second mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 10,339,940

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENCODING A STEREO SOUND SIGNAL USING CODING PARAMETERS OF A PRIMARY CHANNEL TO ENCODE A SECONDARY CHANNEL

VoiceAge Corporation, To...

49. A stereo sound encoding system for encoding left and right channels of a stereo sound signal, comprising:a down mixer of the left and right channels of the stereo sound signal to produce primary and secondary channels; and
an encoder of the primary channel and an encoder of the secondary channel;
wherein the secondary channel encoder comprises an analyzer of coherence between secondary channel coding parameters calculated during the secondary channel encoding and primary channel coding parameters calculated during the primary channel encoding to decide if the primary channel coding parameters are sufficiently close to the secondary channel coding parameters to be re-used during the secondary channel encoding.

US Pat. No. 10,339,939

AUDIO FRAME LOSS CONCEALMENT

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A frame loss concealment method, wherein a segment from a previously received or reconstructed audio signal is used as a prototype frame in order to create a substitution frame for a lost audio frame, the method comprising:transforming the prototype frame into a frequency domain;
applying a sinusoidal model to the prototype frame in the frequency domain to identify frequencies of sinusoidal components of the audio signal;
calculating a phase shift ?kfor the identified sinusoidal components;
phase shifting the identified sinusoidal components of the prototype frame by the phase shift ?k; and
creating the substitution frame by performing an inverse frequency transform of a frequency spectrum of the prototype frame after phase shifting the identified sinusoidal components of the prototype frame;
wherein phase shifting the identified sinusoidal components comprises shifting a phase of all spectral coefficients in the prototype frame included in an interval Mk around a sinusoid k by the phase shift ?k;
wherein phases of spectral coefficients that are not phase shifted are randomized and the spectral coefficients that are not phase shifted include spectral coefficients in a gap outside the interval Mk; and
wherein a magnitude of the spectral coefficients is kept unchanged while the phases of the spectral coefficients are shifted.

US Pat. No. 10,339,938

SPECTRUM FLATNESS CONTROL FOR BANDWIDTH EXTENSION

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method of decoding an encoded audio bitstream at a decoder, the method comprising:receiving, by a processor in the decoder, the audio bitstream from the network, the audio bitstream comprising a low band bitstream;
decoding, by the processor in the decoder, the low band bitstream to get low band coefficients in a frequency domain;
copying, by the processor in the decoder, a plurality of the low band coefficients to a high frequency band location to generate high band coefficients;
evaluating, by the processor in the decoder, modification gains through following equation:
Gain(k)=(C0+C1·?Mean_HB/F_energy_dec[k]), k=Start_HB, . . . ,End_HB?1,
wherein {Gain(k), k=Start_HB, . . . , End_HB?1} are the modification gains, F_energy_dec[k] is an energy distribution at each frequency location index k of a copied high band, Start_HB and End_HB define a high band range, C0 and C1 satisfying C0+C1=1 are pre-determined constants, and Mean_HB is a mean energy value obtained by averaging energies of the high band coefficients;
modifying, by the processor in the decoder, an energy envelope of the high band coefficients to flatten and smooth the high band coefficients by multiplying modification gains with the high band coefficients in the frequency domain to form processed high band coefficients, wherein the processed high band coefficients have an energy closer to the mean energy value;
applying, by the processor in the decoder, a received spectral envelope to the high band coefficients, the received spectral envelope being decoded from the received audio bitstream; and
inverse-transforming, by the processor in the decoder, the low band coefficients and the processed high band coefficients to a time domain to obtain a time domain audio output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,937

AUTOMATIC DECISION SUPPORT

MModal IP LLC, Franklin,...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:(A) applying an automatic speech recognizer to a spoken audio stream, from a physician or a medical professional describing a condition of a patient, to produce a first document including text, the first document being a transcript of a medical report;
(B) extracting a plurality of concepts from the first document;
(C) including a plurality of codings, representing the plurality of concepts, in the first document, wherein each of the plurality of codings represents one of an allergy, prescriptions, diagnosis, and prognosis, and wherein each of the plurality of codings is linked to a portion of the text in the first document;
(D) verifying accuracy of the codings in the first document to produce a verified document, wherein the verifying corrects any codings that are found to be incorrect;
(E) providing the verified document to an automatic decision support system, wherein the automatic decision support system:
determines whether the verified document provided to the automatic decision support system indicates satisfaction of a clinical performance measure and at least one of a drug-drug, drug-allergy, and drug-procedure interaction; and
filters the decision support output to include at least one component of the decision support output that has a filtered priority level that exceeds a predefined priority level;
(F) receiving, from the automatic decision support system, decision support output derived from the verified document, including the filtered priority level and an alert indicating that the verified document does not indicate satisfaction of the clinical performance measure and indicates at least one of a drug-drug, drug-allergy, and drug-procedure interaction;
(G) modifying verified document based on the decision support output, wherein the modifying of the verified document modifies the codings and adds textual comments to the verified document;
(H) rendering the modified verified document to display both the first document and the modified verified document in a rendered output;
(I) providing the rendered output to a reviewer, the reviewer including the physician or the medical professional or to another physician or medical professional; and
(J) receiving an approval of the transcript from the reviewer.

US Pat. No. 10,339,936

METHOD, DEVICE AND SYSTEM OF ENCODING A DIGITAL INTERACTIVE RESPONSE ACTION IN AN ANALOG BROADCASTING MESSAGE

1. A method comprising:validating, through an audio encoding system, a user of the audio encoding system as a publisher of a message as a digital media file;
encoding, through the audio encoding system, the digital media file associated with the message with decodable data using a unique identifier, the decodable data in one instance being an audio stream at a frequency audible to a human ear and in another instance being an audio stream at an ultrasound frequency inaudible to the human ear;
generating, through the audio encoding system, a modified digital media file from the digital media file based on the encoding of the digital media file associated with the message with the decodable data such that an audio stream associated with the modified digital media file encoded with the decodable data is interpretably indistinguishable from a primary audio stream associated with the digital media file through the human ear;
capturing, through a client application of a mobile device of a client user, the modified digital media file playing on a broadcasting device to generate capture data therefrom based on metadata associated with the mobile device, the metadata being one of: a timestamp, a geospatial location, a set of user preferences and a set of advertising histories;
generating, through the audio encoding system, a response action of the client user based on analyzing the capture data from the mobile device to extract elements therefrom and comparing the extracted elements to data stored in a database;
associating, through a processor and a memory of the audio encoding system, the response action of the client user in an interactive form to the message of the publisher, wherein the response action is at least one of a call-back action, a web-form action, and a resource-page redirect action for the client application of the mobile device of the client user, the call-back action being triggering of a phone call to the publisher via a user interface of the client application, the web-form action being display of a set of forms chosen by the publisher on the user interface of the client application, and the resource-page redirect action being display of a webpage through at least one of: the user interface of the client application and a browser of the mobile device;
generating, through the audio encoding system, the unique identifier through a hash function applied to the response action associated with the message of the publisher;
automatically interpreting, through the client application, the modified digital media file in both the one instance and the another instance to decode the decodable data therein; and
enabling, through the client application, the client user to initiate the response action in the interactive form to the message of the publisher without interrupting an experience of concurrent sensing of media content through the broadcasting device by the client user in accordance with the automatic interpretation of the modified digital media file and the association of the response action, the message accompanying the media content being sensed by the client user.

US Pat. No. 10,339,935

CONTEXT-AWARE ENROLLMENT FOR TEXT INDEPENDENT SPEAKER RECOGNITION

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A processor-implemented method for recognizing a speaker, the method comprising:measuring, by a processor-based system, context data associated with collected TI speech utterances from a user in a context, the collected TI speech collected during a first time interval;
identifying, by the processor-based system, an identity of the user based on received identity measurements;
performing, by the processor-based system, a speech quality analysis of the TI speech utterances;
performing, by the processor-based system, a state analysis of the user based on the TI speech utterances;
evaluating, by the processor-based system, a training merit value associated with the TI speech utterances, based on the speech quality analysis and the state analysis;
storing, by the processor-based system, the TI speech utterances as training data in a training database, if the training merit value exceeds a threshold value, the stored utterances indexed by the user identity and the context data;
determining a sufficiency of the stored training data for enrollment of a TI speaker recognition model;
training the TI speaker recognition model, associated with the user and the context, based on the stored training data; and
employing the TI speaker recognition model to recognize the user.

US Pat. No. 10,339,934

ASYNCHRONOUS PROCESSING OF USER REQUESTS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method performed by one or more processing devices of a server system, the method comprising:storing, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, predetermined assignment data that specifies, for each of multiple different action types, whether asynchronous performance or synchronous performance is assigned for handling later-received user requests associated with the action type;
after storing the assignment data, receiving, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, data from a client device over a network, the data indicating a user request from a user to a digital assistant;
determining, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, (i) an action corresponding to the user request and (ii) a particular action type that is associated with the action, wherein the particular action type is one of the multiple different action types;
accessing, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, the predetermined assignment data stored prior to receiving the data indicating the user request, wherein the predetermined assignment data indicates whether asynchronous performance or synchronous performance is assigned for handling user requests associated with the particular action type;
based on the predetermined assignment data and the particular action type associated with the action corresponding to the user request, selecting, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, between (i) performance of the action synchronously with respect to the user request such that the action is performed before the server system performs another action requested by a subsequent user request from the user and (ii) performance of the action asynchronously with respect to the user request such that the server system is configured to perform another action requested by a subsequent user request from the user before or in parallel with the action;
selecting, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, one or more confirmation messages to send to the client device for output by the client device, the selected one or more confirmation messages comprising (i) when the action has been selected for performance synchronously with respect to the user request, an initial confirmation message only that indicates an intent to perform the action, and (ii) when the action has been selected for performance asynchronously with respect to the user request, an initial conformation message that indicates the intent to perform the action, and an additional confirmation message that indicates, in response to execution of the action or in response to a user request about a status of the action, that the action has been executed; and
causing, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, the action to be performed synchronously or asynchronously with respect to the user request according to the selection.

US Pat. No. 10,339,933

VISUALIZATION OF AUDIO ANNOUNCEMENTS USING AUGMENTED REALITY

International Business Ma...

1. A method of communicating audio messages using augmented reality, comprising:associating a user with an announcement location based on a prescheduled itinerary associated with the user;
capturing audio from the associated location;
filtering the captured audio to yield a set of audio messages;
analyzing the set of audio messages to determine, for each audio message of the set of audio messages, whether the audio message is relevant to the user based on a score on a rated scale that indicates a relatedness of content of the announcement to an event in the prescheduled itinerary associated with the user;
generating a visual message comprising a visual synopsis of a portion of audio content of an audio message relevant to the user of the set of audio messages;
determining a real-world object over which to display the visual message in an augmented reality environment based on the analyzed content of the announcement from which the visual message was generated;
associating the visual message with the real-world object;
configuring the visual message to be displayed as an augmented reality overlay on a display of a camera view of a mobile user device having a camera in the case that the real-world object is within the camera view of the mobile user device;
assigning a time limit to the visual message based on the score indicating the relatedness of content of the announcement from which the visual message was generated to the event in the prescheduled itinerary associated with the user;
forwarding the visual message to a mobile user device associated with the user in real-time, responsive to generation of the visual message, according to a notification technique selected by the user;
displaying, in the case that a current time is within the time limit, the visual message on a display of the mobile user device associated with the user when the user directs a camera of the mobile user device associated with the user at the real-world object associated with the visual message; and
displaying, in response to an interaction of the user with the display, text associated with the visual message on the mobile user device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,932

AUDIO INPUT ACTIVATION BASED ON THERMAL DATA DETECTION

Lenovo (Singapore) Pte. L...

1. A method, comprising:detecting, using at least one thermal sensor associated with an information handling device and without receiving user touch input, thermal data associated with an entity,
determining, using a processor, whether the thermal data is associated with a human or another thermal entity, the determining comprising identifying whether a height level of the entity is above a predetermined threshold and whether a heat signature of the entity is greater than a predetermined threshold; and
activating, based on determining that the thermal data is associated with a human, at least one audio input device associated with the information handling device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,931

PERSONA-BASED CONVERSATIONAL INTERFACE PERSONALIZATION USING SOCIAL NETWORK PREFERENCES

The Toronto-Dominion Bank...

1. A system comprising:a communications module;
at least one memory storing instructions, a plurality of user profiles, and a repository of persona-related contextual content associated with a plurality of personas, the persona-related contextual content for use in personalizing at least one response generated in response to a conversational contextual input; and
at least one hardware processor interoperably coupled with the at least one memory and the communications module, wherein the instructions instruct the at least one hardware processor to:
receive, via the communications module, a first signal including a conversational input received via interactions with a conversational interface, the conversational input associated with a particular user profile, wherein the particular user profile is associated with a set of social network activity information;
analyze the received conversational input via a natural language processing engine to determine an intent of the received conversational input and to determine a personality input type of the received conversational input;
identify a persona response type associated with the determined personality input type;
determine a set of response content responsive to the determined intent of the received conversational input;
identify a particular persona associated with the particular user profile based on the set of social network activity information, the identified particular persona corresponding to the identified persona response type, where the particular persona is associated with a set of persona-related content;
modify the set of response content using at least a portion of the persona-related content to generate a persona-associated response; and
transmit, via the communications module, a second signal including the persona-associated response to a device associated with the particular user profile for presentation in response to the received conversational input.

US Pat. No. 10,339,930

VOICE INTERACTION APPARATUS AND AUTOMATIC INTERACTION METHOD USING VOICE INTERACTION APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A voice interaction apparatus comprising:an interactive robot comprising:
a pseudo head;
a microphone configured to detect an input speech spoken by a user;
a speaker configured to output an output speech spoken to the user; and
a processor configured to:
estimate a change probability that indicates whether to wait for the input of the input speech by the microphone, or to execute the output of the output speech by the speaker, based on the input speech detected by the microphone; and
if the change probability falls within a predetermined subset range, control the voice interaction apparatus to respond by executing at least one of a filler output and a nodding action,
wherein the filler output is an output of a filler from the speaker, the filler being a connecting utterance irrelevant to an interaction content, and
wherein the nodding action is an action of swinging the pseudo head back and forth.

US Pat. No. 10,339,929

SPEECH RECOGNITION USING ACOUSTIC FEATURES IN CONJUNCTION WITH DISTANCE INFORMATION

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method of performing speech recognition, the method comprising:receiving an indication of a first group of audible sounds associated with a first distance feature, the first group of audible sounds corresponding to one or more spoken words:
receiving an indication of a second group of audible sounds associated with a second distance feature, the second group of audible sounds also corresponding to the one or more spoken words;
determining, based at least in part on the indication of the first group of audible sounds, one or more first groups of acoustic features that are associated with the first group of audible sounds;
determining, based at least in part on the indication of the second group of audible sounds, one or more second groups of acoustic features that are associated with the second group of audible sounds;
performing, based at least in part on the one or more first groups of acoustic features and on the one or more second groups of acoustic features, one or more machine learning operations to determine a feature mapping operation that is configured to map the one or more first groups of acoustic features associated with the first distance feature to the one or more second groups of acoustic features associated with the second distance feature;
storing the feature mapping operation;
subsequent to storing the feature mapping operation:
receiving, by a computing system having one or more processors, an indication of one or more audible sounds that are detected by a first sensing device, the one or more audible sounds originating from a user;
determining, by the computing system and based at least in part on an indication of one or more signals detected by a second sensing device, a distance between the user and the second sensing device, the second sensing device being different from the first sensing device;
determining, by the computing system and based at least in part on the indication of the one or more audible sounds, one or more acoustic features that are associated with the one or more audible sounds; and
determining, by the computing system, and based at least in part on the one or more acoustic features and the distance between the user and the second sensing device, one or more words that correspond to the one or more audible sounds, wherein determining the one or more words that correspond to the one or more audible sounds comprises:
mapping, using the distance between the user and the second sensing device and using the stored feature mapping operation, the one or more acoustic features associated with the one or more audible sounds into one or more normalized acoustic features, and
determining the one or more words based on processing the one or more normalized acoustic features using a trained acoustic model.

US Pat. No. 10,339,928

CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD, PROGRAM AND INFORMATION STORAGE MEDIUM

Sony Interactive Entertai...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a processing device operating to execute a plurality of programs simultaneously, each program responding to a plurality of user commands to affect execution thereof;
a voice acceptance section adapted to accept voice commands from the user; and
an output control section adapted to perform control such that the voice commands are selectively output to the plurality of programs such that:
(i) when a specific set of the voice commands do not include a predetermined voice command, the specific set of the voice commands are output to the plurality of programs in a predetermined order of priority, whereby the specific set of the voice commands are not output to at least one first of the plurality of programs; and
(ii) when the specific set of the voice commands include the same predetermined voice command, the specific set of the voice commands are output to the plurality of programs in a different order of priority, whereby the specific set of the voice commands are not output to at least one second of the plurality of programs.

US Pat. No. 10,339,927

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MULTI-INTENT QUERIES INPUT BY VOICE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An infotainment system of a vehicle, comprising:a voice module configured to, in response to user input, record a voice input received via a microphone;
a primary intent module configured to determine a primary intent included in the voice input using automated speech recognition (ASR);
an execution module configured to, via a first hardware output device of the vehicle, execute the primary intent;
a secondary intent module configured to:
based on the primary intent, determine a first domain of the primary intent;
based on the first domain of the primary intent, determine a second domain using a probabilities index including probabilities for second domains indexed by first domains including:
from the probabilities index, based on the first domain, identifying one of the second domains having a highest probability; and
setting the second domain to the one of the second domains having the highest probability; and
based on the voice input and the second domain, determine a secondary intent included in the voice input using ASR; and
a display control module configured to display on a display a request for user input indicative of whether to execute the secondary intent,
wherein the execution module is further configured to, via a second hardware output device of the vehicle, execute the secondary intent in response to user input to execute the secondary intent,
wherein:
the secondary intent module is further configured to:
in response to user denial of the secondary intent, based on the first domain of the primary intent, determine a third domain; and
based on the voice input and the third domain, determine a possible secondary intent included in the voice input using ASR; and
the display control module is further configured to display on the display a second request for second user input indicative of whether to execute the possible secondary intent.

US Pat. No. 10,339,926

DIGITAL ASSISTANT

Oath Inc., New York, NY ...

1. A method for dynamically selecting a personality for a digital assistant, comprising:receiving audio, from a user via a microphone, associated with a conversation with a digital assistant;
using speech recognition to convert the audio into a request comprising text;
determining a task based upon the request;
determining one or more sentences associated with the task;
determining a context of the conversation based upon the request and a user profile of the user;
calculating a first degree of relevance of a first personality, of a plurality of personalities, to the context of the conversation, wherein the first personality corresponds to a voice of a first person and the plurality of personalities corresponds to voices of a plurality of people;
calculating a second degree of relevance of a second personality, of the plurality of personalities, to the context of the conversation;
in response to determining that the first degree of relevance is greater than the second degree of relevance, selecting the first personality from the plurality of personalities, wherein the first personality is stored in a database in association with a first topic and each personality of the plurality of personalities is stored in the database in association with one or more topics, wherein the selecting the first personality is based upon a determination that at least one of the context of the conversation or the task is associated with the first topic;
generating audio of the one or more sentences with the voice of the first person using the first personality; and
presenting the audio of the one or more sentences with the voice of the first person as part of the conversation, via a speaker, to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,339,925

GENERATION OF AUTOMATED MESSAGE RESPONSES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, from a first device, input audio data including a spoken utterance;
performing speech processing on the input audio data;
determining the input audio data comprises a message intended for a second device associated with a user profile;
generating output text data responding to the input audio data, the output text data being based on the input audio data being received from the first device;
identifying a plurality of stored audio segments associated with the user profile, the stored audio segments comprising speech data previously sent to the first device from the second device;
performing text-to-speech (TTS) processing on the output text data to generate output audio data, wherein the TTS processing uses the plurality of stored audio segments;
determining that the user profile is associated with an unavailable indicator associated with the second device, the unavailable indicator being based on the second device being in operation; and
sending, to the first device in response to determining the user profile is associated with the unavailable indicator, the output audio data.

US Pat. No. 10,339,924

PROCESSING SPEECH TO TEXT QUERIES BY OPTIMIZING CONVERSION OF SPEECH QUERIES TO TEXT

International Business Ma...

1. A method for improving an accuracy of a generated text query based upon a phrase of an audible natural language query, wherein the method is performed on a computing system and comprises:receiving a plurality of speech to text translation alternatives for the phrase of the audible natural language query;
comparing each of the translation alternatives to elements of a static analysis of a known domain including at least one of word lists of the known domain, user matrices of the known domain, and facets, each of which having a limited number of possible values;
identifying a respective term in at least one translation alternative from the plurality of translation alternatives based on the comparing;
substituting, for the identified term in each of the at least one translation alternative, a respective known name from the known domain based on a distance measure between the identified term and a closed list of names from the known domain;
tagging and parsing each of the translation alternatives with generic tags and specific tags for the known domain that is at least partially structured, wherein the tagging and parsing further comprises generating one or more new tags based on previous findings to build up complex expressions incrementally and create new structures from primitive structures, and the tagging and parsing is based on:
the static analysis of the known domain which determines known relationships between known values of the known domain,
known tags of the known domain, and
custom rules, each of which includes a respective name of an action to invoke and one or more respective conditions that trigger the action, wherein the one or more generated new tags are available upon creation for use by subsequent rules;
identifying a particular translation alternative from the translation alternatives having a section of the phrase that is not tagged and covered by the tagging and parsing;
correcting an error due to speech to text translation and associated with the section that is not covered by replacing one or more terms of the section based on a known list of common errors associated with the known domain;
ranking the translation alternatives based on the tagging and parsing; and
generating a text query to perform the natural language query by translating the phrase of the natural language query to a machine readable statement based on the ranking, wherein:
the tagging and parsing, the substituting, for each of the identified term in each of the at least one translation alternative, the respective known name from the known domain, the correcting an error due to speech to text translation and the ranking of the translation alternatives improve an accuracy of the generated text query.

US Pat. No. 10,339,923

RANKING BASED ON SPEECH PATTERN DETECTION

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for processing a query, comprising operations for:in response to receiving the query, identifying, using a processor of a computer, search results comprising items from multiple items stored in a data store;
building a confidence model that applies speech characteristics in a context of public speaking experience level of a speaker and expertise level of the speaker;
ranking the items of the search results using the confidence model based on a confidence score associated with each of the items, wherein the confidence score is generated for each of the items by,
detecting the speech characteristics of the item;
determining a hesitation level of the item based on the speech characteristics, wherein the hesitation level is adjusted based on counts including a count of filler words and pauses of the item, a count of each change in pitch of a user associated with the item, and a count of bridge transitions of the item;
generating a confidence score based on the hesitation level; and
storing an item identifier of the item, the hesitation level, the confidence score, and the counts in a database; and
displaying, on a display screen of the computer, the ranked items of the search results with the confidence score associated with each of the items to respond to the query.

US Pat. No. 10,339,922

THEMATIC SEGMENTATION OF LONG CONTENT USING DEEP LEARNING AND CONTEXTUAL CUES

SAP SE, Walldorf (DE)

1. A system comprising:a memory that stores instructions;
one or more processors configured by the instructions to perform operations comprising:
accessing a plurality of sentences;
generating a plurality of sentence vectors, each sentence vector of the plurality of sentence vectors corresponding to a respective sentence of the plurality of sentences;
providing a first subset of the plurality of sentence vectors as a first, input to a recurrent neural network (RNN);
providing a second subset of the plurality of sentence vectors as a second input to the RNN;
based on a first output of the RNN responsive to the first input and a second output of the RNN responsive to the second input, determining that a subset of the plurality of sentences relate to a first topic; and
providing an output comprising the subset of the plurality of sentences related to the first topic.

US Pat. No. 10,339,921

MULTICHANNEL RAW-WAVEFORM NEURAL NETWORKS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by a neural network in a speech recognition system, first data representing a first raw audio signal generated by a first microphone and second data representing a second raw audio signal generated by a second microphone that is a different microphone from the first microphone, wherein the first raw audio signal and the second raw audio signal correspond to the same period of time;
generating a spatial filtered output for a single combined channel comprising performing a first time convolution on the first data and the second data using a spatial filtering convolutional layer in the neural network, wherein the first time convolution is performed using one or more multichannel filters spanning a first length in time, the spatial filtered output comprising one or more feature maps generated without pooling outputs of the first time convolution;
generating a spectral filtered output comprising performing a second time convolution on the one or more feature maps of the spatial filtered output using a spectral filtering convolutional layer, wherein the second time convolution is performed using one or more single-channel filters spanning a second length in time that is longer than the first length in time for the first time convolution;
processing, using one or more additional layers in the neural network, the spectral filtered output to predict sub-word units encoded in both the first raw audio signal and the second raw audio signal; and
in response to processing, using the one or more additional layers in the neural network, the spectral filtered output, causing a device to perform an action using the predicted sub-word units.

US Pat. No. 10,339,920

PREDICTING PRONUNCIATION IN SPEECH RECOGNITION

AMAZON TECHNOLOGIES, INC....

1. A computer-implemented method for processing a spoken utterance, the method comprising:receiving a single word comprising a first portion and a second portion;
determining a first language of origin of the first portion;
determining a first score associated with the first language of origin;
determining a second language of origin of the second portion;
determining a second score associated with the second language of origin;
determining a plurality of potential pronunciations of the single word based at least in part on the first score and the second score, wherein each of the plurality of potential pronunciations is associated with a respective pronunciation score and wherein the plurality includes at least one hybrid pronunciation of the single word based on the first language of origin and the second language of origin;
receiving a spoken utterance comprising a request to output audio content;
matching a portion of the spoken utterance with one of the plurality of potential pronunciations based at least in part on a pronunciation score of one of the plurality of potential pronunciations;
identifying the audio content based at least in part on the one of the plurality of potential pronunciations; and
causing the audio content to be played by a computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,919

TASK-INDEPENDENT CONVERSATIONAL SYSTEMS

botbotbotbot Inc., Palo ...

1. A method comprising:obtaining multi-task training data, the multi-task training data comprising a plurality of sequences of conversational inputs, wherein each sequence corresponds to a respective task, and the multi-task training data comprises sequences corresponding to multiple different tasks, wherein the multi-task training data comprises a respective reward and a respective conversational output for each conversational input, and wherein the respective rewards are generated based on one or more observable metrics that relate to a quality of conversational outputs generated by the conversational machine learning model; and
training a conversational machine learning model on the multi-task training data to determine trained values of the parameters of the conversational machine learning model, wherein the conversational machine learning model is configured to receive as input a conversational input and to generate as output a conversational output that defines a response to a user that is independent of a task being performed when the conversational input was generated, wherein training the conversational machine learning model comprises training the conversational machine learning model using the respective rewards using reinforcement learning.

US Pat. No. 10,339,918

ADAPTIVE SPEECH ENDPOINT DETECTOR

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A speech endpoint detector apparatus, comprising:a speech detector including one or more of configurable logic or fixed functionality logic to detect a presence of speech in an electronic speech signal;
a pause duration measurer including one or more of configurable logic or fixed functionality logic communicatively coupled to the speech detector to measure a duration of a pause following a period of detected speech;
an end of utterance detector including one or more of configurable logic or fixed functionality logic communicatively coupled to the pause duration measurer to detect if the pause measured following the period of detected speech is greater than a pause threshold corresponding to an end of an utterance; and
a pause threshold adjuster including one or more of configurable logic or fixed functionality logic communicatively coupled to the end of utterance detector to store the measured duration of pauses in the detected speech in stored pause information associated with the user and adaptively adjust the pause threshold corresponding to an end of an utterance based on stored pause durations associated with a user, wherein the pause threshold adjuster is further to determine statistics of pause durations, and wherein the stored pause information includes a database having at least two sets of pause statistics respectively associated with at least two identified users.

US Pat. No. 10,339,917

ENHANCED SPEECH ENDPOINTING

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer implemented method, comprising:storing, by a computing device that is configured to set an end of speech condition after a user has stopped speaking for a period of time, (i) a context identifier in association with one or more expected speech recognition results for a first context and (ii) an additional context identifier in association with one or more additional expected speech recognition results for a second context;
after storing the context identifier in association with the one or more expected speech recognition results for the first context and the additional context identifier in association with the one or more additional expected speech recognition results for the second context, receiving, by the computing device, audio data corresponding to an utterance spoken by the user of the client device;
while receiving the audio data corresponding to the utterance spoken, receiving, by the computing device, the context identifier that indicates a context associated with (i) the client device or (ii) the user of the client device;
accessing, by the computing device and from among the one or more expected speech recognition results and the one or more additional expected speech recognition results, the one or more expected speech recognition results based on the one or more expected speech recognition results being stored in association with the context identifier;
before an automated speech recognizer provides a final speech recognition result for the audio data for output, comparing, by the computing device, an intermediate speech recognition result generated for the audio data by the automated speech recognizer to each of the one or more expected speech recognition results with the context identifier;
based at least on comparing the intermediate speech recognition result generated for the audio data by the automated speech recognizer to the one or more expected speech recognition results associated with the context identifier, determining, by the computing device, that the intermediate speech recognition result generated for the audio data by the automated speech recognizer matches one of the one or more expected speech recognition results associated with the context identifier; and
based on determining that the intermediate speech recognition result generated for the audio data by the automated speech recognizer matches the one of the one or more expected speech recognition results associated with the context identifier and before the period of time has elapsed after the user stopped speaking,
setting the end of speech condition and providing, for output by the computing device the intermediate speech recognition result that matches the one of the one or more expected speech recognition results as the final speech recognition result based on the audio data.

US Pat. No. 10,339,916

GENERATION AND APPLICATION OF UNIVERSAL HYPOTHESIS RANKING MODEL

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system comprising:at least one processor; and
a memory operatively connected with the processor, wherein the memory stores computer-executable instructions, that cause the processor to perform:
analyzing a corpus of training data, wherein the corpus of training data comprises data received in a plurality of different languages;
creating, based on the analyzed corpus of training data, a language-independent feature set that includes selectable features for ranking of dialog hypotheses; and
training a single model using the language-independent feature set to generate a universal hypothesis ranking model, wherein the universal hypothesis ranking model is applicable to a plurality of languages and locales, and wherein the universal hypothesis ranking model is configured to rank hypotheses for user input received in a language previously unseen by the universal hypothesis ranking model.

US Pat. No. 10,339,915

VIBRATION SPEAKER FOR AUDIO HEADSETS

Disney Enterprises, Inc.,...

1. An audio headset comprising:at least one vibration speaker including a haptic driver and a haptic actuator for generating physical vibrations based on an audio input to the at least one vibration speaker;
a rigid output surface of the at least one vibration speaker configured for physical contact with a user of the audio headset;
wherein the haptic actuator is further configured to transfer the physical vibrations generated by the at least one vibration speaker to the rigid output surface;
wherein the at least one vibration speaker is configured as a bone conduction speaker designed to transmit the audio input to an inner ear of a user of the audio headset in the foil of physical vibrations via a cheek or a jaw of the user, and wherein the haptic actuator comprises a spring for transferring the physical vibrations generated by the at least one vibration speaker to the rigid output surface.

US Pat. No. 10,339,914

TRANSMIT/RECEIVE CHANNEL FOR ULTRASOUND APPLICATIONS

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. A device, comprising:a first high-voltage switching circuit;
a second high-voltage switching circuit;
a first branch including an output node, the first branch coupling the first high-voltage switching circuit to the second high-voltage switching circuit, wherein the first branch, in operation, conducts an ultrasound transducer drive signal; and
a second branch, separate from the first branch, coupling the first high-voltage switching circuit to the second high-voltage switching circuit, wherein the second branch, in operation, conducts a biasing current to bias the first branch.

US Pat. No. 10,339,913

CONTEXT-BASED CANCELLATION AND AMPLIFICATION OF ACOUSTICAL SIGNALS IN ACOUSTICAL ENVIRONMENTS

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:one or more processors to:
detect an acoustical signal being emitted by an acoustical signal source;
classify the acoustical signal as an emergency acoustical signal or a non-emergency acoustical signal, wherein the classification is based on a footprint or a footprint identification (ID) associated with the acoustical signal;
cancel the acoustical signal if the acoustical signal is regarded as the non-emergency acoustical signal based on the footprint or the footprint ID; and
amplify the acoustical signal if the acoustical signal is classified as the emergency acoustical signal based on the footprint or the footprint ID.

US Pat. No. 10,339,912

ACTIVE NOISE CANCELLATION SYSTEM UTILIZING A DIAGONALIZATION FILTER MATRIX

Harman International Indu...

1. An active noise cancellation system, using a diagonalization matrix to process anti-noise signals, for cancelling environmental noise in a plurality of sound zones, comprising:a plurality of sound zones, each including one or more microphones and one or more loudspeakers;
a diagonalization matrix; and
an audio processor programmed to:
generate adaptive filter output signals, based on reference signals and feedback error signals through a set of adaptive filters, using an estimated acoustic transfer function that provides an estimated effect on sound waves traversing a physical path, the set of adaptive filters being driven by a learning algorithm unit based in part on the feedback error signals, the reference signals, and the reference signals filtered by the estimated acoustic transfer functions combined with the diagonalization matrix;
perform a sum across references on the adaptive filter output signals to generate a set of anti-noise signals;
process the set of anti-noise signals using the diagonalization matrix to generate a set of output signals per loudspeaker; and
drive the loudspeakers using the output signals per loudspeaker to apply the anti-noise signals to cancel the environmental noise in each zone.

US Pat. No. 10,339,911

PERSON SUPPORT APPARATUSES WITH NOISE CANCELLATION

Stryker Corporation, Kal...

1. A person support apparatus comprising:a support surface configured to support thereon an occupant of the person support apparatus;
a receiving device;
a sound emitting component; and
a transmitter configured to send out a notification signal to the receiving device prior to activation of the sound emitting component, the notification signal providing information about a characteristic of a future sound wave to be emitted by the sound emitting device component when the sound emitting component is activated, the characteristic including information sufficient to enable the receiving device to generate a cancellation sound wave configured to cancel the future sound wave when the future sound wave is emitted by the sound emitting component.

US Pat. No. 10,339,910

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CANCELLING OBJECTIONABLE WIND NOISE IN A VEHICLE CABIN

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A system comprising:a wind noise identification module configured to:
receive data from a microphone indicating a first noise measured in a cabin of a vehicle; and
determine whether the first noise is objectionable wind noise based on (i) a position of a moveable panel configured to cover an opening in a body of the vehicle and (ii) at least one of an amplitude of the first noise and a frequency of the first noise;
a first noise cancellation module configured to:
when the first noise is objectionable wind noise, generate a first noise cancellation waveform to mitigate the first noise based on at least one of the amplitude of the first noise and the frequency of the first noise; and
control a speaker to play a sound corresponding to the first noise cancellation waveform; and
a microphone reconfiguration module configured to determine whether the data from the microphone is clipped, wherein the wind noise identification module is configured to determine that the first noise is objectionable wind noise when (i) the position of the moveable panel indicates that the moveable panel is at least partially open and (ii) that the data from the microphone is clipped.

US Pat. No. 10,339,909

ELECTRONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT, KEYBOARD APPARATUS AND FRAME

YAMAHA CORPORATION, Hama...

1. An electronic musical instrument comprising:a frame; and
a plate-shaped member attached to the frame; wherein
the frame includes:
a first rib extending in a first direction;
a second rib being arranged on a second direction side intersecting the first direction with respect to the first rib, the second rib extending in the first direction;
a first wall portion extending in the second direction and connecting the first rib and the second rib;
a second wall portion facing the first wall portion and extending in the second direction;
an extending portion being arranged on the first wall portion and being bendable toward the first direction;
a first projecting portion projecting from the extending portion toward the second wall portion;
a second projecting portion projecting from the second wall portion toward the first wall portion; and
a plurality of bosses being arranged on a side of the first wall portion with respect to the plate-shaped member;
a distance between a distal end of the boss on an opposite side of the plate-shaped member with respect to the boss and the plate-shaped member is longer than a distance between a second distal end of the second wall portion on an opposite side of the plate-shaped member with respect to the second projecting portion and the plate-shaped member, and
the plate-shaped member is held by the first projecting portion and the second projecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,339,908

OPTIMAL MIXING MATRICES AND USAGE OF DECORRELATORS IN SPATIAL AUDIO PROCESSING

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An apparatus for generating an audio output signal comprising two or more audio output channels from an audio input signal comprising two or more audio input channels, comprising:a provider for providing first covariance properties of the audio input signal, and
a signal processor for generating the audio output signal by applying a mixing rule on at least two of the two or more audio input channels,
wherein the signal processor is configured to determine the mixing rule based on the first covariance properties of the audio input signal and based on second covariance properties of the audio output signal, the second covariance properties being different from the first covariance properties, and the second covariance properties being target covariance properties,
wherein the apparatus is implemented using a hardware apparatus or using a computer or using a combination of a hardware apparatus and a computer.

US Pat. No. 10,339,907

SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A signal processing apparatus comprising:a first memory which stores plural pieces of coefficient data used for implementing a filter algorithm and containing plural coefficient data sets as many as a number corresponding to a filter order of the filter algorithm for at least one sort of filter algorithm of a variable filter order;
a second memory which stores input data sets from a last sample to a sample before the (filter order-1)-th sample for every filter algorithm as delay data sets; and
a processor which receives plural pieces of input data to be subjected to the filter algorithm, executes the filter algorithm using the plural pieces of coefficient data stored in the first memory and the plural pieces of received input data as many times as a number corresponding to a designated filter order, and outputs an execution result of the filter algorithm, in which filter algorithm each piece of coefficient data and each piece of input data are multiplied together and resultant products are summed up, and further, successively receives the coefficient data stored in the first memory and current input data stored in the second memory, repeatedly implements a first-order filter algorithm by time division processing of a dividing time length corresponding to the filter order, and outputs output-data within each sampling period.

US Pat. No. 10,339,906

MUSICAL COMPOSITION AUTHORING ENVIRONMENT INTEGRATED WITH SYNTHETIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT

Smule, Inc., San Francis...

1. An apparatus comprising:a portable computing device having a multi-touch sensitive display, a network communications interface and both (i) a musical composition authoring process and (ii) digital synthesis executable thereon to audibly render at an audio interface of the portable computing device coded musical arrangements, including in a course of musical composition authoring by a human user,
the musical composition authoring process executable to present on the multi-touch sensitive display a two-dimensional grid of note soundings wherein musical scale is presented thereon in a first dimension and measure or time is presented in a second dimension generally orthogonal to the first dimension,
wherein the coded musical arrangements are conveyed, via the network communications interface, to and from a content server- or service platform-resident songbook to provide community contributed content in a social music network that includes the portable computing device and the human user,
wherein visual presentation on the multi-touch sensitive display of a particular coded musical arrangement being authored or edited by the human user is in accordance with a current musical scale, and
wherein a user interface of the musical composition authoring process supports user interface gestures whereby the human user, in the course of musical composition authoring, switches between a first musical scale presentation mode and at least a second musical scale presentation mode.

US Pat. No. 10,339,905

ILLUMINATED INSTRUMENT STRAP

1. An instrument strap, comprising:a first end and a second end wherein each of the first end and the second end has a fastener disposed thereupon with each of the fastener adapted to removably secure the instrument strap to an instrument;
an adjustment mechanism where the adjustment mechanism is disposed between the first end and the second end and separates the instrument strap into a first segment and a second segment wherein the adjustment mechanism is further adapted to change the length of the instrument strap by shortening or elongating a length of the second segment;
a light, including a plurality of LEDs or lights, disposed on first segment of the instrument strap, the light having a connection to a control box wherein the connection between the control box and light is adapted to supply a power to the light;
a power source capable of supplying the power to the light;
the control box attached to the first segment comprising
a controller having a non-transitory memory which at least partially stores a logic where the non-transitory memory is in a medium readable by the controller,
a plurality of input signals readable by the controller,
a plurality of illumination codes readable by the controller adapted to select a previously stored illumination pattern program from non-transitory memory,
such that upon reading and executing the logic at least in part by the controller causes the control box to enable the power source to supply power to the light to cause the light to illuminate in a manner determined by the logic, the plurality of input signals, and the illumination pattern program.

US Pat. No. 10,339,904

VARYING THE NATURAL SOUND OF A DRUM USING A DRUM ATTACHMENT

1. A drum comprising:a body, wherein the body includes an outside portion and a proximate middle portion;
a skin, wherein the skin includes an outside skin portion;
an attachment point located on the outside portion of the body;
a support arm that can travel back and forth through the attachment point and extends over the outside portion of the body from the skin to at least the proximate middle portion; and
an accessory removably attached to the support arm, wherein when the accessory is positioned on or proximate to the outside skin portion, a natural sound of the drum is varied when the drum is struck.

US Pat. No. 10,339,903

STOMP BOX PERCUSSION DEVICE

12. A stomp box percussion device, the device comprising:a top plate having an exterior surface and an opposing interior surface;
at least one sidewall, the sidewall coupled to the interior surface;
a bottom plate coupled to the at least one sidewall;
a chamber formed by the interior surface, the at least one sidewall, and the bottom plate;
a central aperture;
a sound device disposed in the chamber;
a central kerf disposed on the exterior surface of the top plate; and
an alternating kerf disposed on the interior surface of the top plate.

US Pat. No. 10,339,902

STRING SUPPORT FOR STRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENT

1. A string support for a stringed musical instrument, comprising:a string support body having:
a major length;
a height;
a top surface; and
a cavity that recesses into the top surface of the string support body, the cavity extending in a primary direction and having a width and a depth; and
a first plate set comprising a string-engaging plate and at least one spacer plate;
wherein:
each plate in the first plate set seats vertically within the cavity, stacked in a direction of the width of the cavity;
a face of at least one plate in the first plate set is substantially parallel to the primary direction of the cavity;
the string-engaging plate has a portion thereof extending above the top surface of the string support body by a height greater than a height of each spacer plate; and
the order of the plates in the first plate set is adjustable to position the string-engaging plate forward or backward in the direction of the width of the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,339,901

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR GENERATING SHIFTED IMAGE DATA

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device, comprising:a controller to receive original image data and output a display image signal; and
a display panel to receive the display image signal and display a display image corresponding to the received display image signal, wherein the controller includes:
an image shift controller to generate shifted image data by modulating the original image data to shift the display image sequentially along a preset shift path on the display panel, and
a memory to store a shift path value indicating a distance by which the display image has been shifted on the preset shift path, the shift path value to be stored in the memory when the display device is powered on and to be retained in the memory when the display device is powered off, wherein the image shift controller is configured to:
generate the display image signal by processing the shifted image data, and
when the display device is powered on after being powered off, the image shirt controller is to generate shifted image data corresponding to a shift path value for a start location on the preset shift path, generate shifted image data to shift the display image sequentially along a reduced path on the display panel, the reduced path having a shorter number of steps than the preset shift path between the start location and a location corresponding to the shift path value stored in memory, and then generate shifted image data corresponding to the shift path value stored in the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,339,900

REMEDIATING INTERFERENCE OF AN INSTANCE OF A VISUAL NOTIFICATION WITH AN OUTPUT OF AN APPLICATION ON A DISPLAY DEVICE

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for remediating an instance of a visual notification interfering with an output of an application on a display of an electronic device, comprising:identifying, by the computer, the instance of the visual notification on the display, wherein the identifying comprises invoking, by the computer, an operating system call to indicate a plurality of windows and a Z-order application programming interface (API);
determining, by the computer, that the visual notification is interfering with the output of the application on the display;
performing, by the computer, a first remediation action, wherein the first remediation action comprises attempting to remove the instance of the visual notification, wherein the first remediation action comprises changing a Z-order such that the instance of the visual notification is behind the output of the application on the display;
monitoring, by the computer, user response to the output of the application;
assessing, by the computer, based on the monitoring, an effectiveness of the output of the application;
determining, by the computer, based on the assessing, a failure of the effectiveness of the output of the application; and
performing, by the computer, a second remediation action in response to the determined failure of effectiveness of the output of the application wherein the second remediation action comprises terminating a parent process of the instance of the visual notification.

US Pat. No. 10,339,899

CHARACTER STRING DISPLAY METHOD AND APPARATUS

TENCENT TECHNOLOGY (SHENZ...

1. A character string display method, implemented by a computing device having one or more processors and memory storing programs executed by the one or more processors, the method comprising:acquiring character string data, the character string data being data corresponding to a to-be-displayed character string, and the character string comprising a plurality of characters;
analyzing the character string data to acquire number of digit information related to the character string and digit sequence information of each said character; and
displaying, digit by digit according to the digit sequence information and the number of digit information, a plurality of picture sets corresponding to said plurality of characters of said character string data, comprising:
displaying a first digit of the to-be-displayed character string; and
after finishing the displaying the first digit of the to-be-displayed character string, displaying a second digit of the to-be-displayed character string;
wherein each of said picture set comprises a plurality of pictures, and the plurality of pictures of each corresponding said picture set includes corresponding said character and at least one other character not the same as corresponding said character,
wherein displaying each of the picture set includes: displaying first the at least one said other character and displaying last corresponding said character at one character sequence at a time.

US Pat. No. 10,339,898

IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, THE IMAGE DISPLAY SYSTEM, AND IMAGE DISPLAY METHOD

NEC DISPLAY SOLUTIONS, LT...

1. An image display device being utilized to form an image display system in which a plurality of image display devices are arrayed in a vertical direction, the image display device comprising:a reading processing unit configured to output partial image information, corresponding to a present image display device, which is part of one image of a frame displayed as a whole by the image display system with a start of the output of the partial image information delayed by a predetermined period of time from a start of an output of another partial image information of a same frame, the another partial image information being output by another image display device corresponding to a first row of a vertical arrangement arrayed in the vertical direction, the predetermined period being determined on a basis of a number of the image display devices forming the vertical arrangement and a row to which the present image display device belongs in the vertical arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,339,896

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND DISPLAY METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A head-mounted display apparatus comprising:an image display part configured to display an image;
an optical unit configured to lead the image to an eye of a wearer of the display apparatus;
a light intensity detector configured to detect light intensity of external light;
a dimmer filter configured to vary transmittance to adjust the intensity of the external light reaching the eye of the wearer; and
a controller configured to adjust the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of a light source of the image display part based on the light intensity of the external light obtained by the light intensity detector,
wherein the transmittance of the dimmer filter has a value within a range of ±20% with respect to T calculated by the following formulas (1) and (2), where
T=(C×k)/(D×A)  (1)
D=?log((Lmax?L0)/(Lmax?Lmin))  (2),
wherein T denotes the transmittance of the dimmer filter, C denotes the light intensity of the image, A denotes the light intensity of the external light incident on an incident surface of the display apparatus, Lmax denotes a maximum value of viewability, Lmin denotes a minimum value of the viewability, L0 denotes a threshold of the viewability, and k denotes an image coefficient,
wherein the controller stores an adjustment table in advance, the adjustment table indicating a relationship between the light intensity of the external light, the transmittance of the dimmer filter, and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part, and adjusts the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part based on the adjustment table,
wherein the controller includes a function to adjust the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part in a plurality of stages, and automatically adjusts the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part, based on information on the light intensity of the external light obtained by the light intensity detector and the adjustment table,
wherein the controller creates the adjustment table as required in accordance with a signal from the light intensity detector based on the formulas (1) and (2), and
wherein the controller automatically adjusts the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part based on the created adjustment table to set the viewability at a level higher than or equal to a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,339,895

BRIGHTNESS COMPENSATION CIRCUITRY, AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

NATIONAL CHIAO TUNG UNIVE...

1. A brightness compensation circuitry, comprising:a data-setting switch unit having a first terminal disposed to receive a data-setting signal, a second terminal, and a control terminal, said data-setting switch unit being configured to transmit the data-setting signal from said first terminal to said second terminal thereof when conducting;
a pixel unit including a pixel driving circuit that is coupled to said second terminal of said data-setting switch unit, and that is configured to receive the data-setting signal from said second terminal of said data-setting switch unit during a data-input period, and to generate a driving current according to the data-setting signal thus received; and
a compensation circuit coupled to said control terminal of said data-setting switch unit, coupled to said pixel unit for receiving the driving current generated by said pixel driving circuit, and configured to control said data-setting switch unit to conduct or not conduct by determining whether or not a magnitude of the driving current conforms with a criterion that is associated with target brightness of said pixel unit;
wherein said compensation circuit includes:
a current-to-voltage converter coupled to said pixel unit for receiving the driving current generated by said pixel driving circuit, and configured to convert the driving current into a sensing voltage; and
a comparator disposed to receive a data voltage associated with the target brightness, coupled to said current-to-voltage converter for receiving the sensing voltage therefrom, having an output terminal coupled to said control terminal of said data-setting switch unit, and configured to compare the sensing voltage and the data voltage, and to control said data-setting switch unit to not conduct when the sensing voltage is equal to the data voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,339,894

CONFIGURING MULTIPLE DISPLAYS OF A COMPUTING DEVICE TO HAVE A SIMILAR PERCEIVED APPEARANCE

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A method comprising:determining, by a computing device comprising a first display device coupled to a second display device by one or more hinges, that the computing device has moved from a first orientation to a second orientation, wherein the one or more hinges enable the first display device to be placed at an angle between about 0 degrees to about 360 degrees relative to the second display device;
determining, by the computing device, a power source providing power to the computing device;
determining, by the computing device, a first set of color adjustments based at least in part on:
ambient light data received from a plurality of ambient light sensors;
temperature data received from a plurality of temperature sensors; and
color data received from a plurality of color sensors;
performing, by the computing device, first color adjustments to at least one of the first display device or the second display device;
reducing, by the computing device, a difference in a perceived color between the first display device and the second display device based on the first color adjustments;
determining that the computing device has moved from the second orientation to a third orientation;
performing no additional color adjustments to the first display device and to the second display device based at least in part on determining that an angle between the first display device and the second display device does not satisfy a predetermined threshold; and
performing second color adjustments to the first display device and to the second display device based at least in part on determining that the angle between the first display device and the second display device satisfies the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,339,893

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Maxell, Ltd., Kyoto (JP)...

1. An image display apparatus, comprising:Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface circuitry configured to receive compressed image information from an external image apparatus,
a decoder configured to decode the compressed image information received by the USB interface circuitry;
High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) interface circuitry configured to receive uncompressed image information from the external image apparatus;
a display apparatus configured to display first images based on decoded image information obtained by the decoder and second images based on the uncompressed image information received by the HDMI interface circuitry; and
a selector configured to select displaying the first images on the display apparatus or displaying the second images on the display apparatus in response to a user operation on an input device of the image display apparatus,
wherein if the selector selects displaying the first images on the display apparatus, based on an operation on the input device of the image display apparatus for conducting a slide show,
the USB interface circuitry transmits a first signal to the external image apparatus for causing the external image apparatus to output compressed image information corresponding to first still pictures, and receives the compressed image information corresponding to first still pictures output from the external image apparatus, and
the decoder decodes the compressed image information corresponding to first still pictures received by the USB interface circuitry, and
the display apparatus conducts a slide show at predetermined time intervals with the first still pictures, as the first images, based on the decoded image information obtained by the decoder, and
wherein if the selector selects displaying the second images on the display apparatus, based on an operation on the input device of the image display apparatus for conducting a slide show,
the HDMI interface circuitry transmits a second signal to the external image apparatus for causing the external image apparatus to decode compressed image information corresponding to second still pictures and output uncompressed image information corresponding to second still pictures based on the decoded still image information, and receives the uncompressed image information corresponding to second still pictures output from the external image apparatus, and
the display apparatus conducts a slide show at predetermined time intervals with the second still pictures, as the second images, based on the uncompressed image information received by the HDMI interface circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,339,892

FLEXIBLE DEVICES AND RELATED METHODS OF USE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A device comprising:a flexible display;
a sensor configured to sense bending of the flexible display; and
a processor configured to control the flexible display to display at least one object and a user interface (UI) element,
wherein the processor is configured to change a parameter corresponding to the UI element based on the flexible display being bent at a line crossing the UI element, the parameter including a size of the at least one object,
wherein the processor is configured to change a number of properties of the parameter based on a portion of a section of the flexible display being bent while the flexible display is not bent at the line crossing the UI element, the section of the flexible display being defined by the line crossing the UI element and a corner of the flexible display, and
wherein the processor is configured to change the size of the at least one object based on the flexible display being bent at the line crossing the UI element.

US Pat. No. 10,339,891

VIDEO FRAME RATE COMPENSATION THROUGH ADJUSTMENT OF VERTICAL BLANKING

SONY INTERACTIVE ENTERTAI...

1. A method comprising:rendering a plurality of source frames into a buffer at a variable frame rate;
scanning out a plurality of output frames from the buffer with a scanout unit;
compressing a source frame within each said output frame that is scanned out of the buffer; and
adjusting a timing of the compressing of one or more of the source frames in response to one or more fluctuations in the variable frame rate.

US Pat. No. 10,339,890

DRIVER AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A driver comprising:a voltage driving circuit that amplifies a voltage of an input node and outputs the amplified voltage as a data voltage to a data voltage output terminal;
a D/A conversion circuit that selects a reference voltage corresponding to tone data from among a plurality of reference voltages, and outputs the selected reference voltage to the input node of the voltage driving circuit;
an auxiliary capacitor driving circuit that outputs first to nth auxiliary capacitor driving voltages (n is a natural number of 2 or more) corresponding to the tone data to first to nth auxiliary capacitor driving nodes; and
an auxiliary capacitor circuit having first to nth auxiliary capacitors provided between the input node of the voltage driving circuit and the first to nth auxiliary capacitor driving nodes, the auxiliary capacitor circuit outputting a voltage separately from the output of the selected reference voltage by the D/A conversion circuit, wherein the voltage output by the auxiliary capacitor circuit is not output by the D/A conversion circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,339,889

LIQUID CRYSTAL DRIVE DEVICE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DRIVE METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A liquid crystal drive device that drives a liquid crystal display apparatus, which includes a plurality of common wirings and a plurality of segment wirings, the device comprising:a common driver configured to sequentially output a scanning signal having a plurality of voltage levels to the plurality of common wirings in a time division manner;
a segment driver configured to output a display signal having a plurality of voltage levels to the plurality of segment wirings; and
a contrast adjustment unit configured to generate contrast adjustment periods that are inserted into all duty periods, and output, to the common driver and the segment driver, a contrast control signal to control the timing of when the contrast adjustment periods are inserted into the duty periods in synchronization with the timing of the scanning signal and the display signal,
wherein the scanning signal and the display signal are output at an identical potential when a contrast adjustment period is indicated by the output of the contrast control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,888

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED) DRIVING CIRCUIT WITH COMMON CURRENT SENSING RESISTOR AND CONFIGURED TO DRIVE LED GROUPS, METHOD OF DRIVING THE CIRCUIT AND LIGHT APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

MagnaChip Semiconductor, ...

1. A light emitting diode (LED) driving circuit configured to drive LED groups being connected to an AC power supply and each LED group comprising at least one LED, the LED driving circuit comprising:a corresponding mid node respectively connected to an output of each of the LED groups;
a plurality of switches configured to form a current movement path between the corresponding mid node and a common node connected to a predetermined voltage, each switch of the plurality of switches comprising a resistor directly connected to the common node and to the predetermined voltage, and a metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET);
a sensing resistor having a first terminal directly connected to the common node and to the predetermined voltage;
a current measuring unit connected to a second terminal of the sensing resistor and configured to measure a total amount of current flowing out from the common node based on a voltage drop across the sensing resistor, and to generate an output voltage that is in direct proportion with the measured total amount of current; and
a current control unit configured to provide a control signal for controlling the plurality of switches based on the output voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,339,887

GATE DRIVER ON ARRAY CIRCUIT

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A gate driver on array (GOA) circuit configured to be applied to an embedded touch display panel, comprising:a plurality of cascaded stages of GOA units;
wherein an nth-stage GOA unit comprises a forward-and-reverse scanning control module, a node control module, an output module, an output control module, and a current leakage limiting module;
wherein the forward-and-reverse scanning control module outputs a first node control signal to a first node of the GOA circuit and outputs a second node control signal to a second node of the GOA circuit according to a forward scanning direct-current control signal and a reverse scanning direct-current control signal;
wherein the node control module is coupled to the first node and the second node; the node control module pulls the first node control signal down to a constant voltage low level, and pulls the second node control signal up to a constant high level voltage;
wherein the output module is coupled to the first node, and a first clock signal is sent to the output module; the output module outputs a scanning signal according to the first node control signal and the first clock signal;
wherein a first control signal is sent to the output control module, the output control module pulls the scanning signal down to a constant low level voltage according to the first control signal;
wherein the current leakage limiting module is coupled to the first node; the current leakage limiting module limits current leakage of the first node to maintain a high level of the first node when the embedded touch display panel enters a stage in which signal interruption occurs and touch scanning is performed;
wherein the output module comprises a tenth thin film transistor (TFT); the first clock signal is sent to a source electrode of the tenth TFT, a gate electrode of the tenth TFT is connected with the first node, and a drain electrode of the tenth TFT is connected with an output end of the output module.

US Pat. No. 10,339,886

DISPLAY PANEL HAVING GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF MONITORING CHARACTERISTICS OF GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display panel comprising:a pixel array; and
a first and second gate driving circuit connected with each other through a gate line on a substrate,
each of the first and second gate driving circuits comprising:
a pull-up transistor connected to a clock line to which a clock signal is applied and turned on in response to a voltage of a Q node to increase a voltage of the gate line;
a pull-down transistor turned on in response to a voltage of a QB node to connect the gate line to a low voltage line to which a gate off voltage is applied to decrease the voltage of the gate line; and
a test transistor connected to at least one of the pull-up transistor and the pull-down transistor,
wherein the pull-up transistor, the pull-down transistor and the test transistor of each of the first and second gate driving circuits are disposed on the substrate of the display panel along with transistors for the pixel array displaying an input image,
wherein the test transistor of each of the first and second gate driving circuits is turned on in response to a gate on voltage of a test enable signal generated in a measurement mode to form a closed loop including the pull-up transistors of the first and second gate driving circuits or the pull-down transistors of the first and second gate driving circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,339,885

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A driving method of a display device comprisingan array substrate, and the array substrate comprising: a base substrate;
a plurality of gate lines provided on the base substrate; a plurality of gate line overlap parts provided on the base substrate and corresponding to the plurality of the gate lines in a one to one correspondence, each of the gate line overlap parts having a portion which overlaps a corresponding gate line of the gate lines in a direction perpendicular to the base substrate, a pixel electrode provided on the base substrate; and a common electrode located between two adjacent gate line overlap parts, the common electrode being configured to form an electric field with the pixel electrode, wherein the two adjacent gate line overlap parts are both insulated from the pixel electrode and insulated from the common electrode;
wherein the driving method comprises:
scanning the plurality of the gate lines in line sequence to display a frame of image; and
at one or both of a time when a potential of the gate line corresponding to a gate line overlap part is changed from a turn-on potential to a turn-off potential and a time when the gate line corresponding to the gate line overlap part is changed from the turn-off potential to the turn-on potential, making the gate line overlap part in a floating state, or making the potential of the gate line overlap part equal to the changed potential of the gate line corresponding to the gate line overlap part, wherein the changed potential comprises the turn-off potential which is changed from the turn-on potential or the turn-on potential which is changed from the turn-off potential.

US Pat. No. 10,339,884

DISPLAY DEVICE, METHOD OF DRIVING DISPLAY DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a first scanning line extending in a first direction;
a second scanning line extending in the first direction and arranged adjacent to the first scanning line in a second direction that crosses the first direction;
a first buffer circuit coupled to a first end of the first scanning line and configured to selectively provide at least one of a first signal or a second signal to the first scanning line, the first buffer circuit including:
a first terminal configured to be supplied with the first signal, and
a second terminal configured to be supplied with the second signal;
a first switch including:
a first terminal coupled to a first end of the second scanning line, and
a second terminal configured to be supplied with the first signal; and
a first switch control line extending in the second direction, coupled to the first switch, and arranged between the first terminal of the first buffer circuit and the second terminal of the first switch in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,339,883

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device that displays an image, the display device comprising:a display area in which a plurality of pixels are aligned in row and column directions, each of the pixels including a drive element;
a plurality of scan lines extending in the row direction, each of the scan lines being coupled with the drive elements included in the pixels aligned in the row direction to transmit thereto a scan signal for selecting the pixels in the display area row by row;
a plurality of signal lines extending in the column direction, each of the signal lines being coupled with the drive elements included in the pixels aligned in the column direction to write display data of the image to be displayed on the display area to the pixels in a row selected by the scan signal;
a source driver that is a transmission source of the display data;
a plurality of switches that are provided between the source driver and the signal lines, that are coupled with the source driver and the signal lines, and that are coupled with the respective drive elements via the respective signal lines; and
a display control unit configured to:
alternately repeat a display period of writing the display data to the pixels and a stop period of stopping the writing of the display data to the pixels; and
in the stop period, turn off all the switches and turn off all the drive elements, wherein
during the entirety of the stop period, the signal lines hold the display data of one horizontal scanning period in the display period immediately before the stop period.

US Pat. No. 10,339,881

METHOD OF ACQUIRING OVERDRIVE LOOK-UP TABLE OF LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method of acquiring an overdrive look-up table of a liquid crystal display, comprising the following steps:step S1: selecting a plurality of grayscale data as a plurality of predetermined grayscale data to be overdriven, and selecting one of the predetermined grayscale data to be overdriven as a current grayscale data to be overdriven;
step S2: generating a plurality of testing grayscale data according to the current grayscale data to be overdriven;
step S3: driving the liquid crystal display with the testing grayscale data to sequentially display a plurality of test pictures, and respectively measuring a plurality of chromaticities in a central area and an edge area of each of the test pictures;
step S4: calculating a difference between the chromaticities in the central area and the edge area in each of the test pictures, and comparing the difference between the chromaticities in the central area and the edge area in each of the test pictures with a preset chroma threshold value; when the difference between the chromaticities in the central area and the edge area in each of the test pictures is smaller than the preset chroma threshold value, determining the testing grayscale data corresponding to the test picture is a compliance data; otherwise, determining the testing grayscale data corresponding to the test picture is a non-compliant data;
step S5: selecting a median of each of the compliance data as an overdriving value corresponding to the current grayscale data to be overdriven;
step S6: judging whether all the overdriving values of the predetermined grayscale data to be overdriven have been acquired; if yes, proceeding to the step S7; if not, switching to a next predetermined grayscale data to be overdriven as the current grayscale data to be overdriven and returning to the step S2; and
step S7: generating the overdrive look-up table according to the overdriving values of each of the predetermined grayscale data to be overdriven.

US Pat. No. 10,339,880

DRIVE METHOD OF RGBW FOUR PRIMARY COLORS DISPLAY PANEL

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A drive method of a RGBW four primary colors display panel, for a drive architecture of driving eight columns of sub pixels by two source drive lines with multiplexing, adjusting an enable sequence of a red sub pixel switch control signal, a green sub pixel switch control signal, a blue sub pixel switch control signal and a white sub pixel switch control signal in a multiplex module to make that a duration of a portion of pulse high voltage levels in at least two sub pixel switch control signals is ½ of a duration of a pulse high voltage level of a gate scan signal, and middle points of the portion of pulse high voltage levels are aligned with a rising edge of one of three adjacent gate scan signals and a falling edge of one of the other two gate scan signals to reduce a switch frequency of a corresponding sub pixel switch control signal;the drive method comprising steps of:
step 1, providing the RGBW four primary colors display panel;
the RGBW four primary colors display panel comprising a plurality of drive units, and each unit comprising one multiplex module and a first column of pixels and a second column of pixels;
either of the first column of pixels and the second column of pixels comprising a red sub pixel, a green sub pixel, a blue sub pixel and a white sub pixel which are located from left to right in order; the multiplex module comprising a first thin film transistor, a second thin film transistor, a third thin film transistor, a fourth thin film transistor, a fifth thin film transistor, a sixth thin film transistor, a seventh thin film transistor, an eighth thin film transistor which are located from left to right in order;
a gate of the first thin film transistor receiving the red sub pixel switch control signal, and a source receiving a first source drive signal through a first source drive line, and a drain being coupled to the red sub pixel in the first column of pixels; a gate of the second thin film transistor receiving the green sub pixel switch control signal, and a source receiving the first source drive signal through the first source drive line, and a drain being coupled to the green sub pixel in the second column of pixels; a gate of the third thin film transistor receiving the blue sub pixel switch control signal, and a source receiving the first source drive signal through the first source drive line, and a drain being coupled to the blue sub pixel in the second column of pixels; a gate of the fourth thin film transistor receiving the white sub pixel switch control signal, and a source receiving the first source drive signal through the first source drive line, and a drain being coupled to the white sub pixel in the first column of pixels; a gate of the fifth thin film transistor receiving the red sub pixel switch control signal, and a source receiving a second source drive signal through a second source drive line, and a drain being coupled to the red sub pixel in the second column of pixels; a gate of the sixth thin film transistor receiving the green sub pixel switch control signal, and a source receiving the second source drive signal through the second source drive line, and a drain being coupled to the green sub pixel in the first column of pixels; a gate of the seventh thin film transistor receiving the blue sub pixel switch control signal, and a source receiving the second source drive signal through the second source drive line, and a drain being coupled to the blue sub pixel in the first column of pixels; a gate of the eighth thin film transistor receiving the white sub pixel switch control signal, and a source receiving the second source drive signal through the second source drive line, and a drain being coupled to the white sub pixel in the second column of pixels;
step 2, generating the gate scan signal row by row, and the red sub pixel switch control signal, the green sub pixel switch control signal, the blue sub pixel switch control signal and the white sub pixel switch control signal being pulled up in order all the time and in a chronological order, and before the one of the three adjacent gate scan signals generating the rising edge, and the one of the other two gate scan signals generating the falling edge, sequentially generating a wide pulse high voltage level of the white sub pixel switch control signal, a wide pulse high voltage level of the blue sub pixel switch control signal, a wide pulse high voltage level of the green sub pixel switch control signal and a wide pulse high voltage level of the red sub pixel switch control signal; a duration of the wide pulse high voltage levels being ½ of a duration of the pulse high voltage level of the gate scan signal, and middle points of the wide pulse high voltage levels being aligned with the rising edge of the one of the three adjacent gate scan signals and the falling edge of the one of the other two gate scan signals; all the rest pulse high voltage levels of the respective sub pixel switch control signals being narrow pulse high voltage levels, and a duration of the narrow pulse high voltage levels being 1/1 of the duration of the pulse high voltage level of the gate scan signal;
the first source drive signal and the second source drive signal correspondingly charging a nth row of sub pixels in an order of the red sub pixel, the green sub pixel, the blue sub pixel, the white sub pixel, and n being a positive integer; charging a n+1th row of sub pixels in an order of the white sub pixel, the red sub pixel, the green sub pixel, the blue sub pixel; charging a n+2th row of sub pixels in an order of the blue sub pixel, the white sub pixel, the red sub pixel, the green sub pixel; charging a n+3th row of sub pixels in an order of the green sub pixel, the blue sub pixel, the white sub pixel, the red sub pixel, and so on;
wherein the first source drive signal is amplified by a first amplifier, and the second source drive signal is amplified by a second amplifier;
wherein voltage polarities of the first source drive signal and the second source drive signal are opposite all the time; voltage polarities of the first source drive signals in two adjacent frames are opposite, and voltage polarities of the second source drive signals in two adjacent frames are opposite.

US Pat. No. 10,339,879

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An image processing apparatus comprising:a pixel misalignment processor that:
stores information corresponding to a pixel misalignment between a first image and a second image, the first image being generated from modulating a first color component of light by a first liquid crystal panel of a projector, the second image being generated from modulating a second color component of light, different from the first color component of light, by a second liquid crystal panel of the projector;
determines a cut-off pixel of the first image, disposed at a dummy region of the first image surrounding a display region of the first image, based on the information; and
determines a gradation displayed at the cut-off pixel in accordance with a gradation of an edge pixel indicated by an image signal to be inputted to an edge pixel disposed at the display region of the first image and located at a position adjacent to the cut-off pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,339,878

WHITE BALANCE ADJUSTMENT METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DISPLAY DEVICES

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A white balance adjustment method for display devices, comprising:in step S11, obtaining initial white balance components of each grayscale respectively for red pixels, green pixels, and blue pixels in accordance with an initial white balance look-up table;
in step S12, obtaining a first relationship curve by fitting an obtained initial white balance component of the red pixel with an obtained initial white balance component of the green pixel, and obtaining a second relationship curve by fitting an obtained initial white balance component of the blue pixel with the obtained initial white balance component of the green pixel;
in step S13, calculating an adjusted white balance component of the green pixel corresponding to each of the grayscales after a GAMMA voltage is adjusted;
in step S14, substituting the adjusted white balance component of the green pixel into the first relationship curve and the second relationship curve to respectively obtain adjusted white balance components of the red pixel and the blue pixel for each of the grayscales; and
in step S15, creating a second white balance look-up table according to the adjusted white balance components of the red pixels, the green pixels, and blue pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,339,877

CLOCK SIGNAL OUTPUT CIRCUIT AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A clock signal output circuit, comprising a clock signal conversion unit, a voltage dividing unit, a protection signal generation unit, an over-current protection unit, and a switching unit;an input terminal of the clock signal conversion unit being connected with an initial clock signal, an output terminal of the clock signal conversion unit being electrically connected with a first terminal of the switching unit and outputting a converted clock signal; a first terminal of the voltage dividing unit being electrically connected with a second terminal of the switching unit and a second terminal of the voltage dividing unit being electrically connected with a display panel; the protection signal generating unit comprising a subtractor, a comparator, a switch, a current source, and a capacitor; a non-inverting input terminal and an inverting input terminal of the subtractor being respectively electrically connected with the first terminal and the second terminal of the voltage dividing unit, an output terminal of the subtractor being electrically connected with a non-inverting input terminal of the comparator; an inverting input terminal of the comparator being connected with a reference voltage and an output terminal of the comparator being electrically connected with a control terminal of the switch; the first terminal and the second terminal of the switch respectively being electrically connected with a first terminal and a second terminal of the capacitor, and the switch being closed when the control terminal of the switch being at a high level and being disconnected when the control terminal of the switch being at a low level; the first terminal of the capacitor being connected with a first terminal of the current source, the second terminal of the capacitor being grounded; the first input terminal of the over-current protection unit being electrically connected with the first terminal of the capacitor and the second input terminal of the over-current protection unit being electrically connected with the first terminal or the second terminal of the voltage dividing unit, an output terminal of the over-current protection unit being electrically connected with a control terminal of the switching unit;
the over-current protection unit being used for generating a corresponding control signal to control the switching unit to cut off, when a voltage at the first input terminal of the over-current protection unit being larger than or equal to a preset protection value and a current at the second input terminal of the over-current protection unit being larger than a preset current and keeping the same for a predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,339,876

DRIVING METHODS FOR COLOR DISPLAY DEVICE

E INK CALIFORNIA, LLC, F...

1. A driving method for an electrophoretic display comprising a first surface on the viewing side, a second surface on the non-viewing side and an electrophoretic fluid which fluid is sandwiched between a common electrode and a layer of pixel electrodes and comprises a first type of pigment particles, a second type of pigment particles and a third type of pigment particles, all of which are dispersed in a solvent or solvent mixture, wherein(a) the three types of pigment particles have optical characteristics differing from one another;
(b) the first type of pigment particles and the second type of pigment particles carry opposite charge polarities; and
(c) the third type of pigment particles has the same charge polarity as the second type of pigment particles but at a lower intensity,the method comprises the following steps:(i) applying a first driving voltage to a pixel in the electrophoretic display for a first period of time, wherein the first driving voltage has a first direction that drives the first type of pigment particles toward the viewing side of the electrophoretic display;
(ii) applying a second driving voltage to the pixel for a second period of time, wherein the second driving voltage has a second direction opposite to the first direction and drives the third type of pigment particles toward the viewing side of the electrophoretic display; and
repeating a driving cycle including steps (i) and (ii) for a plurality of times until a color state of the third type of pigment particles fully appears at the viewing side, as the color state of the third type of pigment particles in the pixel becomes more intense at the viewing side after each driving cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,339,875

NON-QUADRANGULAR DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a plurality of data lines;
a plurality of gate lines crossing the plurality of data lines;
an elliptical display panel comprising a plurality of pixels, each of the plurality of pixels being connected to one corresponding data line from among the plurality of data lines and one corresponding gate line from among the plurality of gate lines; and
a data driver configured to supply a plurality of data signals to the plurality of data lines,
wherein each of the plurality of data lines comprises a first portion that is connected to one pixel column and a second portion that is connected to another pixel column that is different from the one pixel column,
wherein a number of pixels connected to the first portion is different from a number of pixels connected to the second portion, and
wherein both of the first and second portions of one of the plurality of data lines are between first and second portions of another one of the plurality of data lines.

US Pat. No. 10,339,874

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DRIVING DISPLAY PANEL USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel which displays an image;
a gate driver which outputs a gate signal to the display panel;
a data driver comprising a plurality of data driving chips which outputs data voltages to the display panel based on data signals; and
a timing controller which adjusts a waveform of the data signals based on a temperature of the data driving chips received from a temperature sensor disposed in each of the data driving chips,
wherein the timing controller comprises:
an eye-diagram compensating part which receives a temperature signal representing the temperature of the data driving chips from the temperature sensor and determines an eye-diagram compensating value corresponding to the temperature of the data driving chips based on the temperature signal; and an image compensating part which adjusts an eye-diagram waveform of the data signals based on the eye-diagram compensating value received from a look-up-table in memory.

US Pat. No. 10,339,873

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE, CONTROLLER, AND METHOD FOR DRIVING THEREOF

LG Display CO., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display device, comprising:a display panel including a sub pixel;
a data driver coupled to the display panel, the data driver senses a characteristic parameter of the sub pixel and transmits a first clock signal and sensing data; and
a controller coupled to the data driver, the controller receives the first clock signal and the sensing data, generates a second clock signal having a same phase as the first clock signal, generates compensation data based on the sensing data and applies the compensation data to image data, and transmits the compensated image data in accordance with the second clock signal to the data driver,
wherein the controller generates a synchronization control signal that indicates whether the second clock signal is generated, and the controller transmits the synchronization control signal to the data driver,
wherein the controller transmits the synchronization control signal having a low level to the data driver before generating the second clock signal and transmits the synchronization control signal having a high level to the data driver when the generation of the second clock signal is completed, and
wherein the data driver stops outputting the first clock signal in response to receiving the synchronization control signal having the high level.

US Pat. No. 10,339,872

SOURCE DRIVER INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, CONTROLLER, ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY PANEL, ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR DRIVING ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display device, comprising:a first source driver integrated circuit electrically connected to Q (where Q?1) number of first sensing lines through a corresponding number of Q sensing channels, and electrically connected to at least one first difference sensing line through a corresponding difference sensing channel; and
a second source driver integrated circuit electrically connected to S (where S?1) number of second sensing lines through a corresponding number of S sensing channels, and electrically connected to at least one second difference sensing line through a corresponding difference sensing channel;
wherein the at least one difference sensing line electrically connected to the first source driver integrated circuit is configured to electrically connect at least one second sensing line of the S number of second sensing lines and the first source driver integrated circuit,
wherein the first source driver integrated circuit includes:
a first sample and hold circuit configured to store a voltage of each of the Q number of first sensing lines and the at least one difference sensing line, and
a first analog-digital converter electrically connected to the a first sample and hold circuit, and
wherein the second source driver integrated circuit includes:
a second sample and hold circuit configured to store a voltage of each of the S number of second sensing lines, and
a second analog-digital converter electrically connected to the second sample and hold circuit, and
wherein the second sample and hold circuit and the first sample and hold circuit store analog voltage values of the at least one second sensing line and the at least one difference sensing line respectively during a same sensing period.

US Pat. No. 10,339,871

SCAN DRIVING CURCUIT AND DISPLAY PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A scan driving circuit having a plurality of cascaded scan driving units, wherein each scan driving unit comprises:a pull-up control circuit comprising a first controllable switch, configured for receiving a stage transmission signal of the previous two stages to charge a pull-up control signal node;
a first reset circuit, coupled to the pull-up control circuit, configured for receiving an input signal, a first clock signal and a second clock signal to reset the pull-up control signal node, wherein the input signal is a DC voltage;
a pull-down holding circuit, coupled to the pull-up control circuit, configured for receiving a low frequency clock signal and a second low frequency clock signal to hold the electric potential of the pull-up control signal node;
a pull-down circuit, coupled to the pull-up control circuit, configured for receiving a scan driving signal of the next two stages to pull down the electric potential of the pull-up control signal node; and
a pull-up circuit, coupled to the pull-up control circuit, the pull-down holding circuit and the pull-down circuit, configured for receiving the first clock signal to output a stage transmission signal and a scan driving signal of the current stage;
wherein if the input signal of the first reset circuit is the first low frequency clock signal, the scan driving circuit further comprises:
a second reset circuit, coupled to the pull-up control circuit and the first reset circuit, configure for receiving the second low frequency clock signal, the first clock signal and the second clock signal to reset the pull-up control signal node, wherein the first reset circuit and the second reset circuit are alternately derived according to the first low frequency clock signal or the second low frequency clock signal;
wherein the first reset circuit comprises a second controllable switch, a third controllable switch, a fourth controllable switch and a first reset switch; a control end of the second controllable switch coupled to a first end of the second controllable switch receives the input signal; a control end of the first reset switch, a first end of the third controllable switch and a first end of the fourth controllable switch are coupled to a second end of the second controllable switch; a control end of the third controllable switch receives the second clock signal and a control end of the fourth controllable switch receives the first clock signal; the second end of the first controllable switch and the second reset circuit are coupled to a first end of the first reset switch; second ends of the third controllable switch, the fourth controllable switch and the first reset switch are coupled to a first voltage terminal;
the second reset circuit comprises a fifth controllable switch, a sixth controllable switch, a seventh controllable switch and a second reset switch; a control end of the fifth controllable switch coupled to a first end of the fifth controllable switch receives the second low frequency clock signal; a control end of the second reset switch, the first end of the sixth controllable switch and a first end of the seventh controllable switch are coupled to a second end of the fifth controllable switch; a control end of the sixth controllable switch receives the second clock signal; a control end of the seventh controllable switch receives the first clock signal; a second end of the second reset switch is coupled to the second end of the first controllable switch; second ends of the sixth controllable switch, the seventh controllable switch and the second reset switch are coupled to the first voltage terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,870

GOA CIRCUIT

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A gate driver on array (GOA) circuit, comprising a plurality of cascade GOA units, for a positive integer n, the n-th GOA unit comprising:a first thin film transistor (TFT), having a gate of the first TFT directly connected to a first source/drain of a ninth TFT, when n-th GOA unit not the first GOA unit in the cascade, a source and a drain of the first TFT connected respectively to a signal output node of (n?1)-th GOA unit and a first node, otherwise, the source and the drain of the first TFT connected respectively to a first start signal and a first node;
a ninth TFT, having a second source/drain of the ninth TFT directly inputted with a first clock signal, when n-th GOA unit not the first GOA unit in the cascade, having a gate of the ninth TFT directly connected to a second node of the (n?1)th GOA unit, otherwise, the gate of the ninth TFT directly connected to a second start signal;
a third TFT, having a gate of the third TFT directly connected to a first source/drain of a tenth TFT, when n-th GOA unit not the last GOA unit in the cascade, a source and a drain of the third TFT connected respectively to a signal output node of (n+1)-th GOA unit and the first node, otherwise, the source and the drain of the third TFT directly connected respectively to a third start signal and the first node;
a tenth TFT, having a second source/drain of the tenth TFT directly connected to a third clock signal, when n-th GOA unit not the last GOA unit in the cascade, having a gate of the tenth TFT directly connected to the second node of the (n+1)th GOA unit, otherwise, the gate of the tenth TFT directly connected to a fourth start signal;
a seventh TFT, having a gate of the seventh TFT directly connected to the first node, a source and a drain of the seventh TFT directly connected respectively to the third node and a constant low voltage;
a sixth TFT, having a gate of the sixth TFT directly connected to the third node, a source and a drain of the sixth TFT directly connected respectively to the first node and the constant low voltage;
a fifth TFT, having a gate of the fifth TFT directly connected to a constant high voltage, a source and a drain of the fifth TFT directly connected respectively to the first node and the second node;
an eighth TFT, having a gate of the eighth TFT directly connected to a fourth clock signal, a source and a drain of the eighth TFT directly connected respectively to the third node and the constant high voltage;
a first capacitor, having the two ends connected respectively to the second node of n-th GOA unit and the signal output node of n-th GOA unit;
a second TFT, having the gate of the second TFT directly connected to the second node of n-th GOA unit, a source and a drain of the second TFT directly connected respectively to the signal output node of n-th GOA unit and the second clock signal;
a second capacitor, having the two ends connected respectively to the third node and the constant low voltage;
a fourth TFT, having a gate of the fourth TFT directly connected to the third node, a source and a drain of the fourth TFT directly connected respectively to the signal output node of n-th GOA unit and the constant low voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,339,869

OLED DISPLAY DEVICE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

11. An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display device, which comprises: an OLED display panel, and a first driving circuit electrically connected to the OLED display panel;the OLED display panel comprising: an active area and a non-active area surrounding the active area;
the active area comprising: a plurality of sub-pixels arranged in an array, and a plurality of direct current (DC) signal lines arranged in parallel and arranged in a column direction extending along the sub-pixels, with each of the sub-pixels being electrically connected to a DC line; the non-active area comprising: a first DC signal output end, a second DC signal output end, a first short-circuited end, and a second short-circuited end; the first DC signal output end, the second short-circuited end and the first driving circuit being disposed and spaced apart at a first end of the OLED display panel; the second DC signal output end and the first short-circuited end being disposed and spaced apart at a second end of the OLED display panel, the first end of the OLED display panel and the second end of the OLED display panel being opposite ends of the OLED display panel along the column direction of arrangement of the sub-pixels;
the first DC signal output end and the second DC signal output end both being electrically connected to the first driving circuit; in two adjacent DC signal lines, both ends of one DC signal line being electrically connected respectively to the first DC signal output end and the first short-circuited end, and both ends of the other DC signal line being electrically connected respectively to the second DC signal output end and the second short-circuited end;
wherein the active area further comprising a plurality of data lines arranged in parallel, spaced apart and electrically connected to the first driving circuit, a plurality of first scan lines arranged in parallel and spaced apart, a plurality of second scan lines arranged in parallel and spaced apart, and a plurality of emitting (EM) signal lines arranged in parallel and spaced apart, with the data lines parallel to the DC signal lines, the first scan line, the second scan line, and the emitting signal line all perpendicular to the DC signal lines, and each row of sub-pixels electrically connected to a first scan line, a second scan line and an emitting signal line correspondingly, and each row of sub-pixels being electrically connected to a data line;
wherein each sub-pixel being disposed with a pixel driving circuit, and the pixel driving circuit comprises: a first thin film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT, a fourth TFT, a first capacitor, a second capacitor, and an OLED;
the first TFT having a gate electrically connected to the first scan line corresponding to the sub-pixel, a source electrically connected to the data line corresponding to the sub-pixel, and a drain electrically connected to a gate of the fourth TFT;
the second TFT having a gate connected to the second scan line corresponding to the sub-pixel, a source electrically connected to a source of the fourth TFT, and a drain electrically connected to the DC signal line corresponding to the sub-pixel;
the third TFT having a gate electrically connected to the Emitting signal line corresponding to the sub-pixel, a source electrically connected to a high voltage source, and a drain electrically connected to the drain of the fourth TFT;
the first capacitor having a first end electrically connected to the gate of the fourth TFT, and a second end electrically connected to the source of the fourth TFT;
the second capacitor having a second end electrically connected to the source of the third TFT, and a drain electrically connected to the source of the fourth TFT;
the OLED having an anode electrically connected to the source of the fourth TFT, and a cathode electrically connected to a low voltage source;
wherein the non-active area further comprising: a connection wire, and the second DC signal output end being electrically connected to the first driving circuit through the connection wire;
wherein the first short-circuited end being located between the second DC signal output end and the active area, the second short-circuited end being located between the first DC signal output end and the active area.

US Pat. No. 10,339,868

DISPLAY DRIVER, ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE, AND ELECTRICAL APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A display driver comprising:a driving circuit that drives a plurality of source lines of an electro-optical panel sequentially at a predetermined number of lines at a time, the electro-optical panel including a plurality of sampling sections each provided to the predetermined number of lines of the plurality of source lines; and
a control circuit configured to:
output an enable signal that enables a sampling operation of the plurality of sampling sections; and
cause a relative time relationship between an ith graded output period of the driving circuit and an ith active period of the enable signal when the sampling operation is enabled for an ith sampling section of the plurality of sampling sections, where i is an integer of 1 or greater, to differ from a relative time relationship between a jth graded output period of the driving circuit and a jth active period of the enable signal when a sampling operation is enabled for a jth sampling section of the plurality of sampling sections, where j is an integer of 1 or greater that differs from i.

US Pat. No. 10,339,867

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a plurality of scan lines; and
a plurality of pixels, an i-th pixel (i being an integer greater than 1) of the pixels comprising:
a first switching transistor comprising a gate electrode directly coupled to an i-th scan line of the plurality of scan lines receiving an i-th scan signal for driving a current row of pixels, a first electrode directly coupled to a data line receiving a data signal, and a second electrode directly coupled to a first node, the first switching transistor being configured to receive the i-th scan signal at the gate electrode and turn on in response to receiving the i-th scan signal at the i-th scan line;
a first driving voltage transistor comprising a gate electrode directly coupled to the first node, a first electrode directly coupled to a first driving voltage, and a second electrode directly coupled to a second node;
a second driving voltage transistor comprising a gate electrode directly coupled to an (i?1)-th scan line of the plurality of scan lines prior to the i-th scan line by one row and receiving an (i?1)-th scan signal for driving a previous row of pixels, a first electrode directly coupled to a second driving voltage, and a second electrode directly coupled to the second node;
a second switching transistor comprising a gate electrode directly coupled to the second node, a first electrode directly coupled to a first power voltage, and a second electrode directly coupled to an organic light emitting diode; and
a capacitor comprising a first electrode directly coupled to the first power voltage and a second electrode directly coupled to the second node.

US Pat. No. 10,339,866

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREFOR

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A display device comprising:a display that includes:
pixel circuits arranged in a matrix so as to define rows and columns;
scanning signal lines provided in a one-to-one correspondence with the rows; and
data lines provided in a one-to-one correspondence with the columns, wherein
a display mode is switchable between a low resolution mode and a high resolution mode,
each of the pixel circuits includes j electro-optical elements, where j is an integer greater than or equal to two, each of the electro-optical elements having an individual different light-emitting color,
the pixel circuits are configured such that, in the low resolution mode, intervals of the electro-optical elements which go into a light-emitting state have an equal distance between each other in a direction in which the scanning signal lines extend in each frame, the frame being a period in which an image for one screen is displayed,
the intervals of the electro-optical elements which go into the light-emitting state in the low resolution mode have a larger distance between each other than the intervals of the electro-optical elements which go into the light-emitting state in the high resolution mode,
when the display mode is the high resolution mode, an image is displayed on the display by dividing the frame into j sub-frames and bringing an electro-optical element having a different light-emitting color into the light-emitting state on a sub-frame-by-sub-frame basis in each of the pixel circuits,
when the display mode is the low resolution mode, an image is displayed on the display by defining j pixel circuits as one group, bringing one of the j electro-optical elements into the light-emitting state in each of the pixel circuits in the frame, and bringing electro-optical elements having respective light-emitting colors different from one another into the light-emitting state in the j pixel circuits included in each group in the frame, and
the j pixel circuits are arranged continuously in the direction in which the scanning signal lines extend.

US Pat. No. 10,339,865

PIXEL DRIVER CIRCUIT HAVING TWO PIXEL DRIVERS AND DISPLAY DEVICE THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO. ...

1. A pixel driver circuit, comprising:a first pixel driving unit and a second driving pixel unit having an identical structure, each of the first pixel driving unit and the second pixel driving unit comprising a driving transistor and a driving control module;
wherein a gate electrode of the driving transistor is connected to the driving control module, a first electrode of the driving transistor is configured to receive a first power voltage, a second electrode of the driving transistor is connected directly to the driving control module and a light-emitting element, and the light-emitting element is further connected directly to the driving control module; and
the driving control module is connected to a data line, a gate line, and the gate electrode and the second electrode of the driving transistor, and configured to, under the control of a gate driving signal from the gate line, control a potential at the gate electrode of the driving transistor in accordance with a data voltage applied to the data line, to control the driving transistor to be turned on or turned off,
wherein the driving control module of the first pixel driving unit comprises a first storage capacitor, a first control transistor, a second control transistor and a first mirror transistor;
a gate electrode of the first control transistor is connected directly to the gate line, a first electrode of the first control transistor is connected directly to a first end of the first storage capacitor, and a second electrode of the first control transistor is connected directly to a corresponding data line;
a gate electrode of the second control transistor is connected directly to the gate line, a first electrode of the second control transistor is connected directly to a first electrode of the first mirror transistor, and a second electrode of the second control transistor is connected directly to the data line;
a gate electrode of the first mirror transistor is connected directly to the first end of the first storage capacitor, and a second electrode of the first mirror transistor is connected directly to a second end of the first storage capacitor;
the driving control module of the second pixel driving unit comprises a second storage capacitor, a third control transistor, a fourth control transistor and a second mirror transistor;
a gate electrode of the third control transistor is connected directly to the gate line, a first electrode of the third control transistor is connected directly to a first end of the second storage capacitor, and a second electrode of the third control transistor is connected directly to a corresponding data line;
a gate electrode of the fourth control transistor is connected directly to the gate line, a first electrode of the fourth control transistor is connected directly to a first electrode of the second mirror transistor, and a second electrode of the fourth control transistor is connected directly to the data line; and
a gate electrode of the second mirror transistor is connected directly to the first end of the second storage capacitor, and a second electrode of the second mirror transistor is connected directly to a second end of the second storage capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,339,864

FRAME STRUCTURE OF IMAGE DATA AND METHOD OF DIGITAL-DRIVING AN ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A method of digital-driving an organic light emitting display device which displays an image based on input image data by dividing a frame into sub-frames, the method comprising:analyzing a light emission pattern of the input image data for each frame; and
converting a third grayscale of the input image data from the organic light emitting display device into a first converted grayscale and a second converted grayscale based on an analysis result of the light emission pattern of the input image data,
wherein the converting the third grayscale of the input image data includes:
converting the third grayscale of the input image data for a first pixel into the first converted grayscale which uses a first sub-frame; and
converting the third grayscale of the input image data for a second pixel located adjacent to the first pixel into the second converted grayscale which uses a second sub-frame,
wherein each of the first sub-frame and the second sub-frame has a first time weight, and
wherein luminance implemented by the first pixel based on the first converted grayscale is the same as luminance implemented by the second pixel based on the second converted grayscale.

US Pat. No. 10,339,863

PIXEL CIRCUIT, DISPLAY DEVICE, AND DRIVE METHOD THEREFOR

Kunshan New Flat Panel Di...

1. A pixel circuit, comprising: a first power source, a second power source, an organic light-emitting diode, a first capacitor, a first transistor, a second transistor, and a third transistor; whereina cathode of the organic light-emitting diode is connected to the second power source;
the first capacitor is connected between a node and the second power source; and
each of the first transistor, the second transistor, and the third transistor is provided with a control end, a first electrode, and a second electrode; wherein
the control end of the first transistor is connected to the node, and the first electrode of the first transistor is configured to receive a data signal, the data signal is provided to the node via the first transistor and the second transistor, and the voltage value at the node is equivalent to the sum of a voltage of the data signal and a threshold voltage of the first transistor;
the control end of the second transistor is configured to receive a first scanning signal, the first electrode of the second transistor is connected to the second electrode of the first transistor, and the second electrode of the second transistor is connected to the node;
the control end of the third transistor is connected to the node, the first electrode of the third transistor is connected to the first power source, and the second electrode of the third transistor is connected to an anode of the light-emitting diode; and
the first transistor is configured to compensate a threshold voltage of the third transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,339,862

PIXEL AND ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A pixel, comprising:an organic light emitting diode (OLED);
a pixel circuit to control an amount of current to flow from a first power source to a second power source via the OLED;
a first transistor connected between an initializing power source and an anode electrode of the OLED, a gate electrode of the first transistor connected to a control line;
a second transistor connected between the pixel circuit and the anode electrode of the OLED;
a third transistor connected between the first power source and the pixel circuit, a gate electrode of the third transistor connected to an emission control line; and
a capacitor connected between the emission control line and the gate electrode of the second transistor, wherein the pixel circuit includes:
a fourth transistor having a first electrode connected to the third transistor, a second electrode connected to the second transistor, and a gate electrode connected to a first node;
a fifth transistor connected between the first node and the second electrode of the fourth transistor, the fifth transistor having a gate electrode connected to a current scan line; and
a sixth transistor connected between the first node and the initializing power source, the sixth transistor having a gate electrode connected to a previous scan line.

US Pat. No. 10,339,861

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An organic light emitting diode display device comprising:a scan switch configured to apply one of a sensing voltage and a compensation data voltage on a data line to a first node in response to a scan pulse;
a sensing switch configured to apply a reference voltage on a sensing line to a second node in response to a sensing control signal;
a storage capacitor connected between the first and second nodes;
a driving switch configured to adjust an electric current based on a voltage between the first and second nodes; and
an organic light emitting diode connected between the second node and a low potential driving voltage line,
wherein:
the compensation data voltage is applied to the first node and the reference voltage is applied to the second node, in a first initialization interval;
a voltage on the second node is increased by turning-off the sensing switch in a driving switch property compensating interval;
the scan switch is turned-off and the reference voltage is applied to the second node by turning-on the sensing switch, in a second initialization interval; and
the voltage of the second node is increased by driving the driving switch in one of a source follower mode and a constant current mode,
wherein the scan switch is turned-off and the reference voltage is applied to the second node, in a third initialization interval,
wherein the voltage on the second node is increased by floating the sensing line in an organic light emitting diode property sensing interval while the compensation data voltage is applied to the first node,
wherein the voltage on the second node is detected via the sensing line in an organic light emitting diode property detecting interval for sensing an operation voltage of the organic light emitting diode after the driving switch has been compensated with the compensation data voltage, and
wherein the organic light emitting diode property sensing interval is performed after the switch property compensating interval and before the organic light emitting diode property detecting interval.

US Pat. No. 10,339,860

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF PIXEL CALIBRATION BASED ON IMPROVED REFERENCE VALUES

Ignis Innovation, Inc., ...

1. A method for compensating an image produced by an emissive display system having pixels, each pixel having a light-emitting device, the method comprising:repeatedly adjusting an input provided to a pixel until a comparison value substantially equals a predefined value, the comparison value generated from comparing a reference signal with an integrated pixel current value generated from integrating a pixel current output from the pixel for a pixel integration time; and
updating calibration data to compensate a programming of the pixel with use of a final value of the adjusted input provided to the pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,339,859

AMOLED PIXEL DRIVING CIRCUIT AND PIXEL DRIVING METHOD

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. An AMOLED pixel driving circuit having a current mirror configuration comprises: a first thin film transistor, a second thin film transistor, a third thin film transistor, a fourth thin film transistor, a fifth thin film transistor, a sixth thin film transistor, a first capacitor, a second capacitor and an organic light emitting diode;a gate of the sixth thin film transistor is electrically coupled to an nth stage second scan control signal, and a drain is electrically coupled to a data signal, and a source is electrically coupled to a source of the third thin film transistor and one end of the first capacitor;
a gate of the third thin film transistor is electrically coupled to a gate of the fourth thin film transistor via a first node, and a drain is electrically coupled to the drain of the first thin film transistor, and the source is electrically coupled to the source of the sixth thin film transistor and the one end of the first capacitor;
a gate of the first thin film transistor is electrically coupled to an nth stage first scan control signal, and the drain is electrically coupled to the drain of the third thin film transistor, and a source is electrically coupled to the first node;
both a gate and a source of the fifth thin film transistor are electrically coupled to an n?1th stage second scan control signal, and a drain is electrically coupled to the first node;
a gate of the fourth thin film transistor is electrically coupled to the gate of the third thin film transistor via the first node, and a drain is electrically coupled to an earth voltage level, and a source is electrically coupled to a cathode of the organic light emitting diode;
a gate of the second thin film transistor is electrically coupled to a restore signal, and a source is electrically coupled to the source of the third thin film transistor, and a drain is electrically coupled to the drain of the fourth thin film transistor and the earth voltage level;
the one end of the first capacitor is electrically coupled to the source of the sixth thin film transistor and the source of the third thin film transistor, and the other end is electrically coupled to the earth voltage level;
one end of the second capacitor is electrically coupled to the first node, and the other end is electrically coupled to the earth voltage level;
the anode of the organic light emitting diode is electrically coupled to a power supply voltage, and a cathode is electrically coupled to the source of the fourth thin film transistor;
wherein the third thin film transistor and the fourth thin film transistor are symmetrically located; the fourth thin film transistor is a drive thin film transistor, and the third thin film transistor is a mirror thin film transistor;
the restore signal, which is an n+1th stage first scan control signal, provides high, low alternate voltages to control activation and deactivation of the second thin film transistor according to time sequence to control whether a source voltage of the third thin film transistor is pulled down to the earth voltage level or not in order to simplify the data signal to increase a charge time of the data signal with ?t to ensure stresses of gate-source voltages of the drive thin film transistor and the mirror thin film transistor close to each other; and
wherein in a combination of the mirror thin film transistor and the drive thin film transistor that are arranged such that the gates of mirror thin film transistor and the drive thin film transistor are connected to each other and the drain of the drive thin film transistor is connected to the earth voltage level, the source of the mirror thin film transistor is connected to the earth voltage level via the second thin film transistor, wherein the source voltage of the mirror thin film transistor is pulled down to the earth voltage level after a single pulse of the data signal is fed to the combination of the mirror thin film transistor and the drive thin film transistor so as to have gate-source voltages of the mirror thin film transistor and the drive thin film transistor equal to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,339,858

PIXEL CIRCUIT, DRIVE METHOD, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

SHANGHAI TIANMA AM-OLED C...

1. A pixel circuit, comprisingat least one pixel sub-circuit, wherein
the at least one pixel sub-circuit comprises a first switch transistor, a second switch transistor, a drive transistor, a storage capacitor and a light emitting element, wherein
the first switch transistor is controlled by a first scan signal and is configured to transmit a first data signal to a source of the drive transistor,
the second switch transistor is controlled by a second scan signal and is configured to transmit a reference voltage signal to a gate of the drive transistor,
the storage capacitor is connected in series between the gate and the source of the drive transistor and is configured to apply a charged voltage as a drive voltage of the drive transistor;
the source of the drive transistor is electrically connected to a first power supply signal, and a drain of the drive transistor is connected to an anode of the light emitting element and is configured to transmit drive current from the drive transistor to the anode of the light emitting element; and
a cathode of the light emitting element is connected to a second power supply signal, and the light emitting element emits light in response to the driving current, and wherein
the pixel circuit further comprises a third switch transistor, and the third switch transistor is controlled by a third scan signal and is configured to transmit the first power supply signal to the source of the drive transistor, wherein at a first detection period, the first switch transistor, the second switch transistor and the third switch transistor are turned off, to charge the storage capacitor by a data line; at a second detection period, the first switch transistor and the second switch transistor are turned on, and the third switch transistor is turned off, to discharging to the source of the drive transistor by the storage capacitor, and input the reference voltage signal to the gate of the drive transistor; and at a third detection period, the first switch transistor and the second switch transistor are turned off, and the third switch transistor is turned on, to input the first power supply signal to the light emitting element to control the light emitting element to emit light; or
the at least one pixel sub-circuit each further comprises a fourth switch transistor, and the fourth switch transistor is controlled by a fourth scan signal and is configured to transmit the first power supply signal to the source of the drive transistor, wherein at a first detection period, the first switch transistor and the second switch transistor are turned off, and the fourth switch transistor is turned on, to charge the storage capacitor by a data line; and at a second detection period, the first switch transistor and the second switch transistor are turned on, and the fourth switch transistor are turned off, to discharge to the source of the drive transistor by the storage capacitor, and input the reference voltage signal to the gate of the drive transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,339,857

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting display device comprising a plurality of pixels, at least one of the pixels comprising:a first sub-pixel configured to display a color; and
a second sub-pixel configured to control level of transparency in response to an electric signal applied in the second sub-pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,339,856

TILE WITH DISPLAY MODULES

1. A tile, comprising:a plate having a top side, a bottom side, and a plurality of through holes, wherein the bottom side comprises at least one bottom recess, the at least one bottom recess configured to receive a display module that emits light through the plurality of through holes while received in the recess,
at least two plate-to-plate connectors disposed at an edge of the plate and each plate-to-plate connector configured to physically connect the plate to an adjacent tile and each plate-to-plate connector having an electrical connector to electrically connect the plate to an adjacent tile, and
wherein the electrical connector is electrically coupled to an electrical connector disposed in another tile when the plate-to-plate connector of the tile interlocks to a plate-to-plate connector of an adjacent tile.

US Pat. No. 10,339,855

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR IMPROVED LED DRIVING

Apple, Inc., Cupertino, ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a display having a plurality of pixels, each pixel comprising a light-emitting diode (LED); and
a controller configured to:
provide data signals to the plurality of pixels at a refresh rate;
determine a first frequency of the refresh rate; and
control a respective switch directly coupled to an anode of at least one LED of at least one of the plurality of pixels at a second frequency, wherein the second frequency is based on whether the first frequency is less than a predetermined threshold value, and wherein controlling the respective switch at the second frequency prevents the at least one LED from emitting light when a data signal of the data signals for the at least one LED is configured to cause the at least one LED to display black.

US Pat. No. 10,339,854

IMAGE DISPLAY PANEL AND GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT THEREOF

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A gate driving circuit, coupled to a pixel array, wherein the pixel array comprises a plurality of gate lines, and the gate driving circuit comprises:a plurality of shift registers, coupled to the pixel array, wherein the shift registers are separately located on two opposite sides of the pixel array, and shift registers located on a same side are sequentially coupled to each other;
a plurality of pull-up transistors, coupled to the pixel array, wherein the pull-up transistors are separately located on the two opposite sides of the pixel array, wherein
an nth pull-up transistor of the pull-up transistors comprises:
a control end, directly and electrically coupled to a control end of a driving transistor of an (n?1)th shift register that is located on a same side as the nth pull-up transistor;
a first end, used to receive a clock signal, wherein the clock signal is further input to an nth shift register of the shift registers that is located on an opposite side of the nth pull-up transistor; and
a second end, coupled to an nth gate line of the pixel array and used to drive the nth gate line,
wherein n is a positive integer greater than one; and
a virtual shift register, coupled to a first pull-up transistor of the pull-up transistors, wherein the virtual shift register is used to provide a required signal to one of the pull-up transistors.

US Pat. No. 10,339,853

MOBILE TERMINAL AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A mobile terminal, comprising:a display unit comprising
a display panel comprising a plurality of pixels,
a scan driver comprising a plurality of stages connected to at least one of the plurality of pixels and supplying a scanning signal, and
a data driver configured to supply a data voltage to the plurality of pixels;
an eye detecting sensor configured to detect an eye position of a user with respect to the display panel;
a controller configured to generate a control signal that controls the display unit and configured to output the control signal,
wherein the scan driver is configured to supply a scanning signal from a stage corresponding to one region of the display panel where the eye of the user is directed;
the stage is connected to a scan line connected to the at least one pixel,
the display panel is divided into a plurality of regions according to the scan line;
the controller is configured to generate the control signal so that the scan driver supplies a scanning signal to regions excluding at least one region from among the plurality of regions, and
the controller is configured to generate the control signal so as to supply the scanning signal in a reverse direction from a stage corresponding to a lower region when the eye of the user is directed to the lower region from among the plurality of regions.

US Pat. No. 10,339,852

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display panel comprising:a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix including a plurality of pixel rows and a plurality of pixel columns, in which each pixel of the plurality of pixels has a short side and a long side that is longer than the short side;
a plurality of data lines extending in a first direction substantially parallel with the plurality of pixel columns along the short side of the pixels, each of the data lines is connected to at least two adjacent pixels included in a single pixel row, wherein a first pixel and a second pixel of the plurality of pixels are disposed between a first data line and second data line of the plurality of data lines, and the first pixel and the second pixel are connected to the first data line;
a plurality of gate lines extending in a second direction substantially parallel with the plurality of pixel rows, each of the gate lines connected to at least one pixel included in a single pixel row, at least two of the gate lines disposed between two adjacent pixel rows;
a gate driver configured to generate a plurality of gate signals for driving the plurality of gate lines; and
a plurality of terminals configured to receive the plurality of gate signals to transmit the plurality of gate signals to the plurality of gate lines,
wherein some of the plurality of terminals are connected to some of the plurality of gate lines with a cross-coupled structure.

US Pat. No. 10,339,851

DISPLAY APPARATUS, LIGHTING CONTROL CIRCUIT, AND METHOD OF LIGHTING DISPLAY APPARATUS

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a plurality of light emitting elements arranged in rows and columns to form a display, each of the plurality of light emitting elements having a first terminal and a second terminal, the first terminal being connected to one of a plurality of common lines arrange in rows and the second terminal being connected to one of a plurality of driving lines arrange in columns;
a voltage controller connected to common lines to apply voltage thereto;
a current driver connected to the drive lines to flow current therethrough in accordance with timing at which the voltage controller applies voltage; and
a lighting control circuit connected to the voltage controller and the current driver so as to control lighting of the light emitting elements based on a supplied display data including images to be displayed on the display, each image comprising a plurality of frames, each frame being divided into N-pieces of actual subframes which are defined based on hardware specification, and each frame being also divided into M-pieces of virtual subframes, respectively,
wherein N is a natural number equal to or greater than two, and M is a natural number greater than N,
wherein a frame rate f is predetermined to perform display at a subframe cycle of 1/(f×N),
wherein the lighting control circuit controls the voltage controller and the current driver by dividing a first frame into M-pieces of the virtual subframes based on the display data, and partially selecting N-pieces out of the M-pieces of the virtual subframes to be displayed in the first frame so that a displaying of the selected N-pieces out of the M-pieces of the virtual subframes is performed in the first frame which duration is 1/f at the predetermined frame rate f, the N of the N-pieces of the selected virtual subframes being the same number with the N of the N-pieces of the displayed virtual subframes, while the lighting control circuit discards (M?N) pieces of the virtual subframes as undisplayed virtual subframes in the first frame, and
wherein in a second frame subsequent to the first frame, the lighting control circuit controls the voltage controller and the current driver by dividing the second frame into M-pieces of the virtual subframes, and preferentially selecting the virtual subframes corresponding to the undisplayed virtual subframes in the first frame out of the M-pieces of the virtual subframes as second displayed actual subframes, the M of the M-pieces of the virtual subframes in the second frame being the same number with the M of M-pieces of the virtual subframes in the first frame.

US Pat. No. 10,339,850

LOW-LATENCY DISPLAY

NVIDIA Corporation, Sant...

1. A method, comprising:receiving a portion of an image for display, wherein the portion of the image comprises a first row of pixels associated with a first camera position and a second row of pixels associated with a second camera position that is different compared with the first camera position:
selecting a pulse-width value for displaying the portion of the image based on a target intensity value and a feedback signal;
generating a sequence of binary scalars each having a value of either one or zero based on the pulse-width value; and
driving a low-latency display device to present the portion of the image using the sequence of binary scalars, wherein the feedback signal comprises the sequence of binary scalars multiplied by a global intensity value
wherein the global intensity value is updated to a subsequent global intensity value in a repeating sequence for each frame time.

US Pat. No. 10,339,849

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REGULATING BRIGHTNESS AND CHROMATICITY OF DISPLAY PANEL

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A method for regulating brightness and chromaticity of a display panel, comprising steps of:obtaining original gray-scale data;
regulating gray-scales of green, so that brightness values of pixels match a standard gamma curve;
matching color coordinates of red and blue using the gray-scales of green;
determining a weight coefficient according to a gradation of the gray-scales of green; and
calculating and recording color coordinates of target gray-scales of red and blue using determined weight coefficient, so as to determine chromaticity values of the pixels,
wherein the step of matching color coordinates of red and blue using the gray-scales of green specifically comprises sub steps of:
calculating color coordinates of a temporary gray-scale;
obtaining an approximation line of color temperature according to color coordinates of 0 gray-scale and color coordinates of a target gray-scale;
calculating a first distance between the color coordinates of the temporary gray-scale and the color coordinates of the target gray-scale; and
calculating a second distance between the color coordinates of the temporary gray-scale and the approximation line of color temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,339,848

DISPLAY APPARATUS WITH MULTIPLE POWER MODES AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel; and
a timing controller configured to, in a first operation mode, generate first output image data based on input image data and set a driving frequency of the display panel as a first frequency,
the timing controller configured to, in a second operation mode, convert the input image data into second output image data and set the driving frequency of the display panel as a second frequency lower than the first frequency,
wherein the display panel displays a first image based on the first frequency and the first output image data in the first operation mode, the first image being represented by X grayscales, where X is a natural number equal to or greater than two,
wherein the display panel displays a second image based on the second frequency and the second output image data in the second operation mode, the second image being represented by Y grayscales, where Y is a natural number less than X and the Y grayscales are based on a plurality of reference grayscales.

US Pat. No. 10,339,847

DISPLAY APPARATUS

E Ink Holdings Inc., Hsi...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display panel comprising a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines, the display panel having a display region and a non-display region, the non-display region comprising:
a plurality of dummy pixels disposed at a region formed by corresponding gate lines and corresponding data lines intersecting one another, a part of the dummy pixels being connected to one another; and
a driver circuit coupled to the display panel, and providing a gate driving voltage to the gate lines corresponding to the dummy pixels and providing a test data voltage to the corresponding data lines, such that the dummy pixels connected to one another generate a charging rate test signal in response to the test data voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,339,846

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CIRCUIT TESTING AND DISPLAY DEVICE APPLYING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A device for circuit testing, comprising a detection circuit configured to detect whether a first bonding portion and a second bonding portion are electrically conductive, wherein the detection circuit comprisesa first metal redundant track configured to input an electrical detection signal;
a second metal redundant track bonded to the first metal redundant track;
a third metal redundant track electrically connected to the second metal redundant track; and
a fourth metal redundant track bonded to the third metal redundant track, which is configured to output an electrical feedback signal when the first bonding portion and the second bonding portion are electrically conductive, wherein
the first metal redundant track and the fourth metal redundant track is disposed within the second bonding portion, and the second metal redundant track and the third metal redundant track is disposed within the first bonding portion,
wherein the first metal redundant track is bonded to the second metal redundant track via a first anisotropic conductive film and the third metal redundant track is bonded to the fourth metal redundant track via a second anisotropic conductive film.

US Pat. No. 10,339,845

TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE AND TRANSPARENT DISPLAY PANEL

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A transparent display panel, comprising:a plurality of data lines and a plurality of gate lines on a substrate;
a plurality of transparent pixels each including a plurality of subpixels, which display different colors and are disposed adjacent to each other in a first direction, and a transparent area disposed adjacent to a corresponding plurality of subpixels in a second direction; and
a repair line overlapping a first transparent pixel and a second transparent pixel adjacent to each other in the second direction in the plurality of transparent pixels,
wherein each of the plurality of subpixels adjacent to each other in the first direction includes a reflective layer on the repair line, a pixel electrode on the reflective layer, an organic layer on the pixel electrode, a common electrode on the organic layer, and an encapsulation layer on the common electrode,
wherein the transparent area adjacent to the corresponding plurality of subpixels in the second direction includes the organic layer on the substrate, the common electrode on the organic layer, and the encapsulation layer on the common electrode,
wherein the repair line comprises:
a first repair line part overlapping at least one of a plurality of pixel electrodes included in the first transparent pixel;
a second repair line part extending in the second direction outside a transparent area of the first transparent pixel; and
a third repair line part overlapping at least one of a plurality of pixel electrodes included in the second transparent pixel,
wherein the plurality of subpixels included in each of the plurality of transparent pixels each comprise a transistor and the pixel electrode, the pixel electrode including a first protrusion and a second protrusion which are located at opposite sides of the pixel electrode,
wherein the pixel electrode comprises:
a first part including the first protrusion, the first protrusion having a width narrower than a width of the pixel electrode;
a second part including the second protrusion, the second protrusion having a width narrower than the width of the pixel electrode; and
a connection part partitioning the pixel electrode into the first part and the second part,
wherein the connection part is directly connected with the first part and the second part of the pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,339,844

MULTI-PERSPECTIVE DISPLAY OF AN IMAGE

Disney Enterprises, Inc.,...

1. An image display system comprising:a computing platform including a central processing unit (CPU) and a system memory storing a software code;
a display screen;
a motor coupled to a rotor for rotating the display screen, the motor controlled by the CPU;
the CPU configured to execute the software code to:
spin the display screen about an axis at a predetermined spin rate using the motor and the rotor; and
render each of a plurality of perspectives of an image on the display screen at a frame rate during each revolution of the display screen about the axis, the predetermined spin rate being based on the plurality of perspectives of the image rendered per revolution of the display screen and the frame rate;
wherein the predetermined spin rate of the display screen is substantially equal to the frame rate divided by the plurality of perspectives of the image rendered per revolution of the display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,339,843

DISPLAY DEVICE, DISPLAY IMAGE PROJECTING METHOD AND HEAD UP DISPLAY

Maxell, Ltd., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A display device configured to project a display image including at least any one of a first image or a second image, a horizontal direction of the first image being longer than a vertical direction thereof, a vertical direction of the second image being longer than a horizontal direction thereof, the display device comprising:a controller configured to generate a display image obtained by changing a width of at least any one of the first image or the second image in accordance with a deviation amount between the display image and a ghost image, the ghost image being visually recognized so as to deviate in a deviation direction with respect to the display image; and
an image display configured to emit a display light for projecting the display image generated by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,339,842

METHOD FOR FORMING THREE-DIMENSIONAL DECORATION ON WALL SURFACE, AND THREE- DIMENSIONAL DECORATION FORMED USING THE METHOD

1. A method for forming a three-dimensional decoration on a wall surface, wherein the method comprises:removing a dust from a work wall-surface of a building or a boundary wall;
planarizing the work wall-surface by plastering a cement on the work wall-surface or by grinding the work wall-surface;
drawing a sketch on the work wall-surface, wherein the sketch has a shape corresponding to the three-dimensional decoration;
installing a crack-prevention member on the work wall-surface to suppress a separation between the three-dimensional decoration and the wall surface, wherein the crack-prevention member is embodied as a metal mesh, wherein the crack-prevention member is disposed in a first region corresponding to the sketch;
plastering a cement-mortar in the first region on the work wall-surface so as to embed the crack-prevention member in the cement-mortar, thereby to form a cement-mortar relief;
trimming a peripheral edge of the cement-mortar relief in a corresponding manner to a contour of the sketch;
three-dimensionally engraving a front face portion of the cement-mortar relief to form a cement-mortar relief-type decoration as the three-dimensional decoration; and
coloring the cement-mortar relief-type decoration using a mixture of silicon as a binder and coloring pigments.

US Pat. No. 10,339,840

DUAL DISPLAY SUPPORT SYSTEM

BALLOON INNOVATIONS INC.,...

1. A display support system comprising:a fitting support having:
at least one display fitting support hook;
at least one display fitting aperture configured to secure at least one fitting display;
at least one support latch; and
an adjustable support plate;
a support adapter having an adjustable support plate interface configured to be coupled with said adjustable support plate;
at least one fitting display configured to be coupled with a display having:
at least one attachment surface configured to transiently attach to an external surface; and
a display fitting attachment configured to be coupled with said display fitting support hook
a dual fitting support bridge configured to be coupled with a plurality of said support adapters.

US Pat. No. 10,339,836

DEMONSTRATOR OF QUALITIES OF A SPECTACLE LENS MATERIAL

ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL, C...

1. A demonstrator of properties of a spectacle eyeglass material, comprising:a hollow holder apertured with an observation window; and
a lens that closes said observation window and that comprises at least one portion made from said spectacle eyeglass material;
wherein the demonstrator comprises at least two distinct demonstrating means chosen from the following list:
an electrostatic element that is freely housed in the hollow holder and that is capable of moving under the action of an electrostatic force;
an ultraviolet mark that is located in the hollow holder so as to be observable through said lens and that appears when it is illuminated with ultraviolet light; and
an abrasive element that is movably mounted on the hollow holder and that is suitable for scratching said lens.

US Pat. No. 10,339,834

CPR PATIENT TRAINING MANNEQUIN

1. A patient training manikin, comprising:a housing comprising a simulated head section connected to a simulated torso section, the simulated torso section including a skeletal support structure and a simulated heart;
a sensor configured to detect pressure, the sensor being in electronic communication with a simulated carotid artery;
the simulated carotid artery comprises a first end and a second end, the first end connected to the simulated heart and the second end connected to a simulated brain,
the simulated carotid artery having a plurality of lights, the plurality of lights configured to illuminate in response to the sensor detecting a first pressure;
the brain comprising a light assembly configured to illuminate in response to the sensor detecting a second pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,339,833

ASSISTIVE READING INTERFACE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method of operating a computing device to verbally render information on a display, the method comprising:receiving, user input representing a single contact gesture identifying a desired location on the display and indicating a direction of motion of a pointing device across the display, the motion crossing over content;
determining whether the direction of motion with the user interface is at least one of a horizontal motion or a vertical motion;
mapping, a unit of size for verbally rendering content to at least one of a first size corresponding to at least one of individual words or characters based on determining that the direction of motion corresponds to the horizontal motion associated with the single contact gesture or to a second size corresponding to one or more entire lines of text based on determining that the direction of motion corresponds to the vertical motion associated with the single contact gesture, wherein mapping the unit of size includes selecting content to be rendered according to the first size or the second size based on the direction of motion relative to a threshold angle that differentiates between motions signifying different sized content units; and
verbally rendering information on the display according to the unit of size and based on the direction of motion with the user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,339,832

KEYBOARD WITH INTEGRATED REFRESHABLE BRAILLE DISPLAY

International Business Ma...

1. A hybrid keyboard, comprising: a set of interactive keys, each capable of inputting a keyboard character and having an integrated refreshable braille display to output information, wherein each interactive key includes a momentary switch for detecting a keystroke and includes a actuator system for selectively extending pins through a surface of the interactive key; and a keyboard controller that includes a keystroke input handler for receiving and processing signals associated with detected keystrokes and includes a braille display handler that processes received messages and transmits message signals to selected interactive keys to output braille characters; wherein each of the set of interactive keys comprises of both alphanumeric characters and the braille characters, wherein the braille characters are formed by pins that selectively raises and lowers.

US Pat. No. 10,339,830

DEVICE FOR PROVIDING DESCRIPTION INFORMATION REGARDING WORKOUT RECORD AND METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:at least one sensor;
an image sensor;
at least one communication circuit;
a memory; and
a processor electrically connected to the at least one sensor, the image sensor, the at least one communication circuit, and the memory, wherein the processor is configured to:
obtain workout data associated with one continuous workout activity of a user of the electronic device using the at least one sensor,
classify the workout data into a plurality of workout data types,
divide, for each of the plurality of workout data types, the workout data into a plurality of sections,
compare, for each of the plurality of workout data types, the plurality of sections with each other,
select, for each of the plurality of workout data types, at least one section from among the plurality of sections based on a result of a comparison between the plurality of sections,
provide, for each of the plurality of workout data types, description information of the at least one section,
provide, for each of the plurality of workout data types, a reward to the user when the workout data corresponding to the at least one section satisfies a given condition,
obtain a first image using the image sensor during the one continuous workout activity of the user,
generate a text string using the reward and the workout data,
generate a second image by inserting the text string in the first image, and
transmit the second image to a social network service (SNS) server using the at least one communication circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,339,829

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LEARNING TO PLAY A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT

1. A system for learning to play a string instrument comprising a simulation instrument that comprises a plurality of strings and comprising at least one video camera in communication with at least one processor and software to receive and interpret data and a signal from the at least one video camera, to show captured data precisely in real-time, along with previous activity/action performed/taken place, when, where, and how at least one or more of: activity, movement, positioning, physical manipulation, pressure applied, touching, picking, fingerpicking, stroking, strumming, plucking, scratching, vibrato, vibrations, pull-off, hammer-on, muting, pressing, bending, sliding, slapping, tapping, lifting, pulling, physical technique, action to at least one or more string(s) a user performs with at least one or more hand(s), finger(s), fingertip(s), pick, slide or accessory, and determine and display on an interface screen when, where and how a user performs at least one or more precise physical activity/action(s); anda means for measuring at least one of: pressure, force or tension of a tremolo; and
visually display on an interface screen a video simulation of the performed activity/action on the string instrument in real time along with the previous activity/action performed/taken place to determine and provide at least one of: precise analysis, visual guide or demonstration to correct, modify or improve at least one of: activity or technique, when at least one improper, inaccurate, mistaken or incorrect activity was/is performed by the user with the at least one hand, finger, fingertip, pick, slide or accessory.

US Pat. No. 10,339,828

OPERATOR TRAINING AND MANEUVER REFINEMENT SYSTEM FOR POWERED AIRCRAFT

1. A pilot training and maneuver refinement system comprising:an input controller that is moveable by a pilot to different positions to cause movement of at least one controlled element of an aircraft to produce a resultant change in at least one operational parameter of the aircraft during performance of a desired flight maneuver during powered flight of the aircraft;
a digital storage medium configured to record and store position data corresponding to the real-time position of the input controller in relation to the at least one operational parameter of the aircraft;
an electronic display visible to the pilot; and
a PLC configured to receive and monitor position data from the input controller in real time, compare the real-time position data to empirical standards compiled from stored input controller position data previously generated by experienced pilots flying the same flight maneuver in the same type aircraft under the same or similar flight conditions, and to generate and communicate to the display instructions for displaying in juxtaposition images readily discernible to the pilot that correspond to the real-time input controller position and a preferred input controller position based upon the empirical standards compiled from stored data that will better effectuate performance of the desired flight maneuver.

US Pat. No. 10,339,825

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ON-LINE ACADEMIC COMPETITION

1. A system for on-line academic competition, comprising:a database that stores test questions, team and individual contestant profiles, and test response statistics for the team and individual contestants; and
a processor programmed to interact with the database and with individual contestant processing devices to perform the steps of:
enabling the creation of teams of individual contestants for participation in an academic competition;
enabling a user, through a user interface connected to said database, to perform at least one of the following: (1) create a league of teams and a cycle of academic competition amongst the league of teams, (2) search for and select at least one team for participation in an inter-team academic competition, and (3) divide a team into multiple teams for an intra-team academic competition;
presenting a series of test questions to the contestant processing devices of the individual contestants of competing teams for response in a time frame allocated for the academic competition;
providing a real time scoreboard with time clock to each contestant processing device that displays an individual contestant's progress with respect to both the time frame for answering questions and questions answered correctly while answering the series of questions during an academic competition, where each correctly answered question contributes on the real time scoreboard to at least one of (1) an individual score of the individual contestant and (2) a team score of the individual contestant's team; and
enabling teams of individual contestants to compete over a series of test questions for an allotted time period in an online format including both a test item presentation area and the real time scoreboard with time clock, at least one of (1) live, if the teams have common time availability, wherein the real time scoreboard displays in real time at least one of (a) the individual score of the individual contestant and (b) the team scores of the competing teams, and (2) non-live, if the teams do not have common time availability, wherein the real time scoreboard displays in real time at least one of (a) the individual score of the individual contestant and (b) the team score of the individual contestant's team.

US Pat. No. 10,339,824

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EFFECTUATING DYNAMIC SELECTION AND PRESENTATION OF QUESTIONS DURING PRESENTATION OF RELATED CONTENT

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A system configured to effectuate dynamic selection and presentation of questions during presentation of related video content, the system comprising one or more hardware processors configured by machine-readable instructions to:effectuate, on a computing device, presentation of the video content to a user, the video content comprising one or both of information related to medical conditions experienced by the user or information related to an education course taken by the user, the video content including one or more semantic concepts, an individual semantic concept indicated by a plurality of linked keywords corresponding to an individual topic of the video content;
evaluate, on the computing device, the video content to determine the one or more semantic concepts based on an evaluation parameter, the evaluation parameter including one or more of a type of the video content, a complexity of the video content, a link with other semantic concepts, or video content segments;
effectuate, on the computing device, presentation of one or both of a query or a survey corresponding to the one or more semantic concepts to the user, the one or both of the query or the survey determined based on the video content evaluation, such that a timing of the presentation of one or both of the query or the survey is determined by user evaluation criteria, wherein the one or both of the query or the survey are selected and/or generated based on a semantic analysis of the video content during the presentation of the video content;
evaluate, on the computing device, interaction of the user with the video content, the evaluation including determining whether the user answered one or both of the query or the survey correctly or incorrectly; and
responsive to determining that the user answered correctly, effectuate presentation of additional video content to the user, the additional video content comprising one or both of new information related to the one or more semantic concepts or new information relating to other semantic concepts; or
responsive to determining that the user answered incorrectly, effectuate presentation of a query or a survey corresponding to a simpler semantic concept.

US Pat. No. 10,339,823

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR QUESTION AND ANSWER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display;
an input unit;
a communicator; and
a processor configured to:
receive at least two words included in speech through the input unit in a first order,
generate a plurality of different question sentences which include the at least two words in a plurality of different second orders regardless of the first order in which the at least two words are received,
control the display to display the generated plurality of different question sentences,
receive a selection of a question sentence from the displayed plurality of different question sentences,
transmit information corresponding to the selected question sentence to a server via the communicator, and,
based on at least one answer result corresponding to the information being received from the server via the communicator, control the display to display the received at least one answer result to provide an answer result appropriate to a question intention of a user although a non-sentence speech is input.