US Pat. No. 10,557,963

OPTICAL COUPLERS USED IN A DOWNHOLE SPLITTER ASSEMBLY

WEATHERFORD TECHNOLOGY HO...

1. A cable for use in a downhole sensing system, comprising:an optical coupler comprising an optical coupler housing, wherein the optical coupler housing is disposed inside the cable; and
a plurality of optical waveguides coupled to the optical coupler.

US Pat. No. 10,557,960

WELL RANGING APPARATUS, METHODS, AND SYSTEMS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:coupling a power supply to a ground point at a surface of the Earth that is less than 200 meters from an opening of a first well at the surface of the Earth, and to a lower portion of a conductive casing disposed within the first well, the lower portion of the conductive casing separated by an insulating gap from an upper portion of the conductive casing, wherein the upper portion of the conductive casing is at a higher elevation of the first well than the lower portion of the conductive casing, wherein a ratio of a distance of the ground point to the opening of the first well at the surface of the Earth to a distance from the surface of the Earth to an injection point is less than 0.05; and
injecting an excitation signal into the lower portion of the conductive casing to induce a magnetic field in a geological formation surrounding the first well.

US Pat. No. 10,557,956

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF PROCESSING SEISMIC DATA BY PROVIDING SURFACE APERTURE COMMON IMAGE GATHERS

TOTAL SA, Courbevoie (FR...

1. A method of processing seismic data, comprising:inputting a seismic data including, for each of a plurality of shots at respective source locations, a plurality of seismic traces recorded at a plurality of receiver locations;
applying a depth migration process to the seismic data to obtain a first set of migrated data including, for each shot, a first migrated value respectively associated with a plurality of subsurface positions;
computing a mid-point-modulated data by multiplying the seismic data in each seismic trace by a function of a center of the source and receiver locations for said seismic trace;
 applying the depth migration process to the mid-point-modulated data to obtain a second set of migrated data including, for each shot, a second migrated values respectively associated with the plurality of subsurface positions;
 applying a subtraction process comprising a projection of a lateral distance between an image position and a common mid-point location;
 for each shot, estimating an aperture value respectively associated with at least some of the subsurface positions, by a division process performed in a Radon domain applied to the first and second sets of migrated data; and
 estimating an aperture indexed common image gather at a horizontal position, comprising respective migrated values for a parameter pair, each including a depth parameter and an aperture parameter,
wherein the migrated value for the parameter pair in the common image gather at said horizontal position is a first migrated value of the first set of migrated data associated with a subsurface position determined by said horizontal position and the depth parameter of said parameter pair for a shot such that the estimated aperture value associated with said subsurface position is the aperture parameter of said parameter pair.

US Pat. No. 10,557,955

RECONSTRUCTING IMPULSIVE SOURCE SEISMIC DATA FROM TIME DISTRIBUTED FIRING AIRGUN ARRAY DATA

WESTERNGECO L.L.C., Hous...

1. A method for seismic surveying, the method comprising:using first and second time-distributed firing source arrays that each include a plurality of source elements to acquire time-distributed seismic data in a seismic survey that includes data from the first and second time-distributed seismic firing sources when activated simultaneously;
determining a time-distributed source signature that includes signatures of the first time-distributed firing source array and of the second time-distributed firing source array;
selecting a window of frequencies in the time-distributed source signature;
defining basis functions with multiple frequencies within the window of frequencies;
convolving the time-distributed source signature with the basis functions to form a basis for the acquired time-distributed seismic data;
obtaining weighting factors by using an inversion method that solves for the weighting factors from the acquired time-distributed seismic data and the basis for the acquired time-distributed seismic data;
selecting an impulsive source signature that includes source signatures of two impulsive sources;
convolving the impulsive signature with the basis functions and applying the weighting factors to form impulsive seismic data from the acquired time-distributed seismic data, which includes convolving the source signatures of the two impulsive sources with the basis functions and applying the weighting factors to form two sets of impulsive data from the time-distributed seismic data; and
processing the formed impulsive seismic data to determine properties of an interior section of the Earth.

US Pat. No. 10,557,952

ACCELEROMETER DEVICE

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An accelerometer device for determining the acceleration of an acoustic antenna to which the accelerometer device is mechanically connected, along three axes X, Y and Z of a main orthonormal reference system comprising three axes X, Y, Z, said acoustic antenna being subject to a surrounding pressure, the acoustic antenna comprising at least one acoustic module comprising one or more acoustic sensors mounted on at least one printed circuit board, said acoustic sensors delivering electric signals using acceleration references provided by said accelerometer device, wherein the accelerometer device comprises a set of accelerometer sensors of MEMS type comprising N accelerometer sensors, said number N of accelerometer sensors being at least equal to two, said accelerometer sensors being mounted on said at least one printed circuit board, each accelerometer sensor being configured to determine the acceleration of said acoustic antenna according to each axis X, Y, Z, the position of each sensor being defined in an auxiliary reference system comprising three orthonormal axes Xi, Yi, Zi, the plane (Xi, Yi) defining the plane of each accelerometer sensor and being parallel to the plane (X, Z) of said main reference system, said set of accelerometer sensors comprising at least one pair of accelerometer sensors mounted on either side of said at least one printed circuit board, and wherein:for each pair of accelerometer sensors, the sensors of the pair have components of opposite sign along two axes of the main reference system; and
the axes of the main reference system along which the components of the accelerometer sensors of said at least one accelerometer sensor pair have opposite signs comprise at least two of the three axes X, Y and Z of the main reference system to compensate for the effect of the pressure on at least two axes of the main reference system.

US Pat. No. 10,557,949

ACCELERATING FISSILE MATERIAL DETECTION WITH A NEUTRON SOURCE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. A system for characterizing a radiation source as fissile material or non-fissile material, comprising:a DC power supply comprising an AC filter circuit;
a neutron generator coupled to the DC power supply and configured to irradiate the radiation source by inducing radiation in the radiation source;
a detector configured to receive and count neutrons emitted from the radiation source both naturally and from irradiation by the neutron generator; and
an analyzer component coupled to the detector and configured to measure a number of neutrons simultaneously emitted from the radiation source during a number of measurement time periods to derive a multiplet count distribution, compute the mean count rate of the multiplet count distribution, compute the number of pairs of the multiplet count distribution, use the mean count rate to produce a Poisson distribution for the mean count rate, compute the expected number of pairs for the Poisson distribution, subtract the expected number of pairs for the Poisson distribution from the number of pairs in the measurement, and characterize the radiation source as fissile material if the number of pairs in the measurement exceeds the number of pairs for the Poisson distribution.

US Pat. No. 10,557,946

GNSS BOARD, TERMINAL AND NARROWBAND INTERFERENCE SUPPRESSION METHOD

COMNAV TECHNOLOGY LTD., ...

1. A Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) board, comprising a narrowband interference suppression module, the narrowband interference suppression module comprising:an interference suppression pathway, receiving an intermediate frequency signal,
a bypass pathway, receiving the intermediate frequency signal,
an interference control switch, and
a data strobe switch,
wherein, the interference suppression pathway comprises a signal conversion module, an interference detection module and an interference processing module,
wherein, the signal conversion module converts an intermediate frequency signal from a time domain signal to a frequency domain signal;
the interference detection module determines whether there is interference with the frequency domain signal, and in the case of interference, the interference detection module obtains interference frequency information, the interference detection module controls the interference control switch being closed and the data strobe switch being switched from the bypass pathway to the interference suppression pathway; and
the interference processing module performs interference suppression processing on the frequency domain signal based on the interference frequency signal to obtain an interference-canceled intermediate frequency signal output by the data strobe switch;
in the case of no interference, the interference detection module makes the interference control switch open and the data strobe switch connect to the bypass pathway.

US Pat. No. 10,557,945

CIRCUIT DEVICE, OSCILLATOR, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND VEHICLE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A circuit device comprising:a phase comparator configured to perform phase comparison between an input signal based on an oscillation signal and a reference signal;
a processor configured to output frequency control data based on phase comparison result data which is obtained through the phase comparison;
an oscillation signal generation circuit configured to generate the oscillation signal having an oscillation frequency which is set on the basis of the frequency control data from the processor; and
first, second and third registers,
wherein the first register is configured to store the phase comparison result data,
wherein first offset adjustment data which is used for offset adjustment on the phase comparison result data and is one of offset adjustment data for global positioning system (GPS) and offset adjustment data for Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is set in the second register, and
wherein second offset adjustment data which is used for the offset adjustment and is used to adjust a phase difference between the reference signal and the oscillation signal is set in the third register.

US Pat. No. 10,557,937

SHIP SPEED METER AND SHIP SPEED MEASUREMENT METHOD

NIPPON YUSEN KABUSHIKI KA...

1. A ship's speed meter for measuring a speed of a ship relative to water on which the ship is floating, the ship's speed meter comprising:a wave transmitter configured to emit a sound wave toward a bottom of the water on which the ship is floating;
a wave receiver configured to detect a plurality of reflected waves reflected by a plurality of reflecting objects respectively positioned at different water depths, the reflected waves being respectively waves obtained by reflecting the sound wave emitted from the wave transmitter by means of the plurality of reflecting objects; and
an arithmetic processing unit configured to calculate the speed of the ship relative to the water on which the ship is floating based on a frequency difference between the sound wave and each of the reflected waves,
wherein the arithmetic processing unit is further configured to:
calculate a current velocity at each of a plurality of different depths based on the frequency difference between the sound wave and the corresponding reflected wave;
calculate a change rate of the current velocity in a depth direction of the water based on the calculated current velocities;
specify one of the depths at which the change rate is substantially zero as a thickness of a boundary layer; and
obtain the current velocity at the specified depth as the speed of the ship relative to the water on which the ship is floating.

US Pat. No. 10,557,936

TARGET VALUE DETECTION FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES

GoPro, Inc., San Mateo, ...

1. A method for target value detection, the method comprising:receiving a first ultrasonic response using a first transducer of an unmanned aerial vehicle responsive to a first ultrasonic signal transmitted using the first transducer;
receiving a second ultrasonic response using a second transducer of the unmanned aerial vehicle responsive to a second ultrasonic signal transmitted using the second transducer, wherein the second transducer has a wider beam pattern than the first transducer;
determining whether the first ultrasonic response includes a target value within a first range area associated with the first transducer;
determining whether the second ultrasonic response includes the target value within a second range area associated with the second transducer, wherein the second range area includes an inner region and an outer region and the inner region corresponds to the first range area;
responsive to determining that the first ultrasonic response does not include the target value within the first range area and determining that the second ultrasonic response does not include the target value within the inner region, determining whether the second ultrasonic response includes the target value within the outer region; and
responsive to determining that the second ultrasonic response includes the target value within the outer region, generating a confidence value based on a detection of the target value using the second transducer and not using the first transducer, wherein the target value is reflected from an object and the confidence value indicates a likelihood of a position of the unmanned aerial vehicle with respect to the object.

US Pat. No. 10,557,932

CLOCK OSCILLATOR DETECTION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A detection system, comprising:a motion detector configured to detect an entity;
an oscillator detector configured to detect a real time clock (RTC) device operating at an RTC frequency; and
a controller configured to determine whether the entity is human or not based on whether or not the motion detector detects the entity and whether or not the oscillator detector detects the RTC device.

US Pat. No. 10,557,931

RADAR MEASUREMENT METHOD WITH DIFFERENT FIELDS OF VIEW

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

12. An FMCW radar sensor comprising:a control and evaluation device; and
transmitting antennas;
wherein:
at least one of the transmitting antennas has a different field of view than at least one other of the transmitting antennas with respect to at least one of an aperture angle and a range;
received signals are used for generating baseband signals;
the control and evaluation device is designed to perform a method for localizing a radar target in which FMCW radar measurements are performed with the transmitting antennas; and
the method includes:
(a) in one measurement cycle, performing, for each of the fields of view of the transmitting antennas, a respective measurement, wherein:
the respective measurement includes using frequency modulation to transmit at least two interleaved sequences of transmission signal ramps;
for each of the sequences, a same respective time interval of the respective sequence offsets from each other respective ramps of all pairs of immediately temporally adjacent ones of the ramps of the respective sequence;
for each of the sequences, a respective index value of each of the ramps of the sequence is a respective temporal position of the respective ramp relative to all other ramps of the respective sequence;
the sequences of the of all of the fields of view are temporally interleaved with one another;
for at least one of the fields of view, the sequences of the respective field of view result in at least two different, regularly recurring time offsets;
each of the at least two different, regularly recurring time offsets:
 corresponds to a respective pair of the sequences of the respective field of view;
 temporally offsets from each other the ramps of each pair of the ramps of the respective pair of the sequences that have a same one of the index values; and
 differs from the time intervals of the respective pair of the sequences;
(b) based on the baseband signals, calculating, by two-dimensional Fourier transformation and for each of the sequences, a respective two-dimensional spectrum, wherein each of the two-dimensional spectra includes:
a respective first dimension whose data points each corresponds to a respective single one of the ramps of the respective sequence to which the respective spectrum corresponds; and
a respective second dimension whose data points each corresponds to a respective characteristic of a combination of the ramps of the respective sequence to which the respective spectrum corresponds; and
(c) for each of the fields of view:
(1) determining, based on a position of a peak in at least one of the two-dimensional spectra calculated for the sequences of the respective field of view, a plurality of relative velocity values of a relative velocity of a radar target detected in the respective field of view, the determined relative velocity values being periodic with a predetermined velocity period;
(2) for each of two or more of the determined periodic relative velocity values:
 (I) calculating a phase relationship based on the respective relative velocity value;
 (II) determining a phase relationship between spectral values that are, respectively, in positions of the two-dimensional spectra of the respective field of view that correspond to each other; and
 (III) comparing to each other (i) the phase relationship calculated based on the respective relative velocity value and (ii) the determined phase relationship between the spectral values to obtain a comparison result; and
(3) based on the comparison result, selecting one of the determined periodic relative velocity values as an estimated value for the relative velocity of the radar target detected in the respective field of view.

US Pat. No. 10,557,919

OBSERVED TIME DIFFERENCE OF ARRIVAL ANGLE OF ARRIVAL DISCRIMINATOR

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A method, performed by a location server, of estimating a position of a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving from the UE:
a plurality of reference signal time differences (RSTDs), the plurality of RSTDs being based on a plurality of distinct position reference signals (PRSs), respectively, wherein the plurality of distinct PRSs are received by the UE from a plurality of base stations, respectively; and
a plurality of observed angles of arrival (AOAs), each of the plurality of observed AOAs corresponding to a different one of the plurality of RSTDs;
determining a first estimated position of the UE using multilateration, based on the plurality of RSTDs and known locations of the plurality of base stations;
performing a weighting process to the plurality of RSTDs, the weighting process comprising:
determining an estimated AOA for a first RSTD of the plurality of RSTDs based on the first estimated position of the UE and the known locations of the plurality of base stations;
comparing the observed AOA corresponding to the first RSTD to the estimated AOA; and
assigning a weight to the first RSTD, a magnitude of the assigned weight being inversely proportional to a difference between the estimated AOA and the observed AOA corresponding to the first RSTD; and
determining a second estimated position of the UE based on at least three weighted received RSTDs having highest weights and the known locations of the plurality of base stations.

US Pat. No. 10,557,917

SYSTEM AND METHODS OF LOCATING WIRELESS DEVICES IN A VOLUME

SAVERONE 2014 LTD., Peta...

1. A system for localizing a transmitting wireless device within a known volume, the system comprising:N>=2 antennae deployed in N>=2 respective locations at least some of which are located within the known volume, each of the antennae being operative to receive and output a signal from the transmitting wireless device;
at least one analog-to-digital converter operative to convert analog received signals at the output of the antennae to digital sampled received signals; and
a processor operative:
to receive said digital sampled received signals and to compute at least one real time output parameter comprising a function of:
digitally sampled received signals S, received from the transmitting wireless device at antenna i; and of
digitally sampled signals, received from the transmitting wireless device at antenna j and digitally sampled, simultaneously with reception at antenna I and digital sampling of said digitally sampled received signals S,
which function is independent of a power level at which the transmitting device is transmitting,
and to estimate the transmitting wireless device's location within the volume by comparing said at least one real time output parameter to plural reference output parameters respectively having a known correspondence to plural known possible locations within said volume respectively, for at least one pair of antennae i, j from among said N antennae,
wherein said function comprises a probability density function, over time/frequency, of a parameter of
quality of reception of transmission from the transmitting wireless device at antenna I; and
simultaneous quality of reception of transmission from the transmitting wireless device at antenna j.

US Pat. No. 10,557,916

UAV DETECTION

SQUAREHEAD TECHNOLOGY AS,...

1. A system for detecting, classifying and tracking unmanned aerial vehicles in a zone of interest, the system comprising:at least one microphone array including a plurality of microphones, the at least one microphone array being arranged to provide audio data;
at least one camera arranged to provide video data; and
at least one processor arranged to process the audio data and the video data to generate a spatial detection probability map comprising a set of spatial cells, wherein the processor assigns a probability score to each cell within the set of spatial cells, said probability score being a function of:
an audio analysis score generated by an audio analysis algorithm, said audio analysis algorithm comprising comparing the audio data corresponding to the spatial cell to a library of audio signatures;
an audio intensity score generated by evaluating an amplitude of at least a portion of a spectrum of the audio data corresponding to the spatial cell; and
a video analysis score generated by using an image processing algorithm to analyse the video data corresponding to the spatial cell,
wherein the system is arranged to indicate that an unmanned aerial vehicle has been detected in one or more spatial cells within the zone of interest if the probability score assigned to said one or more spatial cells exceeds a predetermined detection threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,557,915

PROVIDING AN INDICATION OF A HEADING OF A MOBILE DEVICE

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method, performed by at least one apparatus, comprising:estimating successive headings of a mobile device based on respective results of measurements by the mobile device on radio signals transmitted by a plurality of transmitters to obtain estimated headings;
computing a mean heading based on a predetermined number of the estimated headings and computing a standard deviation of the predetermined number of estimated headings, wherein computing the mean heading comprises removing effects of a discontinuity occurring at boundaries of a used angular range of headings, wherein removing effects of a discontinuity occurring at boundaries at least partially comprises changing a scale of negative heading samples or a scale of the mean heading, at least in an instance in which the mean heading is determined to have a predefined relationship to a first threshold or a second threshold;
determining whether the mean heading is to be considered valid based on the computed standard deviation of the estimated headings; and
providing an indication of the mean heading as an indication of a current heading of the mobile device for use by an application only if the mean heading is determined to be considered valid.

US Pat. No. 10,557,914

RADIO WAVE ARRIVAL ANGLE DETECTION DEVICE, VEHICLE DETECTION SYSTEM, RADIO WAVE ARRIVAL ANGLE DETECTION METHOD, AND VEHICLE ERRONEOUS DETECTION PREVENTION METHOD

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

11. A radio wave arrival angle detection method, comprising:resolving a partial signal, which is extracted from a single unit signal among a plurality of unit signals which constitute signals transmitted by a first carrier wave and a second carrier wave, into a sub-carrier wave group that is constituted by a plurality of sub-carrier waves with respect to each of the first carrier wave received by a first antenna and the second carrier wave received by a second antenna, the first carrier wave and the second carrier wave being carrier waves obtained by multiplexing the plurality of sub-carrier waves having frequencies different from each other; and
calculating an arrival angle of the first carrier wave at the first antenna or an arrival angle of the second carrier wave at the second antenna on the basis of a geometric relationship between a phase difference between a first sub-carrier wave and a second sub-carrier wave and arrangement positions of the first antenna and the second antenna,
wherein the first sub-carrier wave is selected from a first sub-carrier wave group obtained by resolving the first carrier wave by the carrier wave resolving unit, and
wherein the second sub-carrier wave is selected from a second sub-carrier wave group obtained by resolving the second carrier wave by the carrier wave resolving unit and has the same frequency as a frequency of the first sub-carrier wave.

US Pat. No. 10,557,912

DELIVERY BEACON DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

1. A beacon device for use with a drone delivery service that includes at least one drone delivery device, the beacon device comprising:a code generator configured to generate beacon data that identifies a subscriber;
a beacon generator configured to generate a wireless homing beacon that indicates the beacon data, wherein the wireless homing beacon is detectable by the at least one drone delivery device to facilitate a service delivery to the subscriber by the drone delivery device at a location corresponding to the beacon device; and
a receiver configured to receive, from the drone delivery device, delivery image data captured after the service delivery by the drone delivery device.

US Pat. No. 10,557,911

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING 3D GEOMETRIC DISTORTION IN MRI AND CT IMAGES WITH A 3D PHYSICAL PHANTOM

1. A method for measuring geometric distortions of a 3D medical imaging system, the method comprising:providing a 3D printed physical phantom comprising a plurality of control points, each having a pre-determined location;
obtaining a 3D image of the 3D printed physical phantom using either magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT);
identifying the control points in the image by segmentation and morphological erosion;
determining the location of the control points in the image;
comparing the location of the control points in the image with the pre-determined location of the control points in the 3D printed physical phantom; and,
deriving a spatial vector for each control point that quantifies the geometric discrepancy between the control points in the image and the pre-determined location of the control points in the 3D printed physical phantom.

US Pat. No. 10,557,910

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS

Canon Medical Systems Cor...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus comprising:processing circuitry configured to repeatedly execute a pulse sequence a first number of times, the pulse sequence including a tag pulse used for labeling a fluid flowing into an image taking region of a patient followed by a plurality of data acquisition processes, wherein
the processing circuitry acquires during each of a first plurality of the data acquisition processes three-dimensional data corresponding to one region by using a three-dimensional sequence, and
the processing circuitry acquires during each of a second plurality of data acquisition processes two-dimensional data corresponding to the one region by using a two-dimensional sequence,
a first time difference between respective beginning times of the first plurality of data acquisition processes being longer than a second time difference between beginning times of the second plurality of data acquisition processes.

US Pat. No. 10,557,907

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING NYQUIST GHOST ARTIFACT

UIH AMERICA, INC., Houst...

1. A method implemented on a computing device having at least one processor, at least one computer-readable storage medium, and a communication port connected to an imaging device, the imaging device including a plurality of radiofrequency (RF) coils for receiving a plurality of channels of magnetic resonance (MR) signals, the method comprising:a) obtaining a plurality of measured data sets generated by scanning a subject using the imaging device, each measured data set corresponding to a channel of MR signal received by an RF coil;
b) determining, based on the plurality of measured data sets, in a data space, a plurality of convolution kernels, each convolution kernel relating to all of the plurality of measured data sets, each convolution kernel corresponding to a channel of MR signal received by an RF coil;
c) generating, based on the plurality of convolution kernels and the plurality of measured data sets, in the data space, a plurality of synthetic data sets, wherein each synthetic data set is generated based on one or more of the plurality of measured data sets and a corresponding convolution kernel of the plurality of convolution kernels, and wherein each synthetic data set and the corresponding convolution kernel correspond to a same channel;
d) generating, based on the plurality of synthetic data sets and the plurality of measured data sets, in the data space, a plurality of combined data sets, each combined data set relating to one of the plurality of synthetic data sets and a corresponding measured data set of the plurality of measured data sets; and
e) reconstructing, based on the plurality of combined data sets, an image using an inverse Fourier transform.

US Pat. No. 10,557,904

DETECTION OF BONE TISSUE USING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A medical apparatus comprising:a magnetic resonance imaging system for acquiring magnetic resonance data from an imaging zone;
a processor configured to control the medical apparatus;
a memory configured to store machine executable instructions wherein execution of the instructions causes the processor to:
acquire T1 weighted magnetic resonance data from a selected anatomical region of a patient using a pulse sequence that specifies an echo time greater than 400 microseconds (?s);
reconstruct a magnetic resonance image using the T1 weighted magnetic resonance data;
generate a thresholded image by thresholding the magnetic resonance image to emphasize bone structures and suppressing tissue structures in the magnetic resonance image;
generate a bone-enhanced image by applying a background removal algorithm to the thresholded image;
register a probabilistic atlas to the bone-enhanced image, wherein after registration the atlas indicates a probability of a voxel in the bone-enhanced image as being bone, wherein the probabilistic atlas is a deformable model indicative of locations of bone tissue in the selected anatomical region;
set the voxel in the bone-enhanced image to a predetermined value indicating no bone tissue if the probability is below a predetermined probability.

US Pat. No. 10,557,901

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING GRADIENT POWER FOR AN MRI SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system, comprising:a plurality of gradient coils; and
a gradient driver configured to drive the plurality of gradient coils, the gradient driver comprising:
a plurality of gradient amplifiers, wherein each gradient amplifier of the plurality of gradient amplifiers is electrically coupled to a gradient coil of the plurality of gradient coils, and wherein each gradient amplifier comprises a respective single H-bridge of semiconductor switches; and
a high frequency power distribution unit (HFPDU) configured to receive an alternating current (AC) power signal from a main power source of the MRI system and to generate a direct current (DC) power signal to the plurality of gradient amplifiers via a DC bus shared by the plurality of gradient amplifiers.

US Pat. No. 10,557,898

FRAME-SUSPENDED MAGNETOELASTIC RESONATORS

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A magnetoelastic tag, comprising:a resonator comprising a magnetoelastic layer; and
a resonator frame coupled with the resonator and configured to support the resonator in spaced relation with respect to a substrate, wherein the resonator has a shape with multiple non-orthogonal axes of symmetry, and
wherein the resonator is suspended from the frame along an outer perimeter of the resonator by one or more couplings, each coupling extending from an edge of the frame to the outer perimeter of the resonator and attaching the resonator to the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,557,897

NON-CONTACT CONDUCTIVITY AND MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY MEASUREMENT WITH PARALLEL DIPOLE LINE TRAP SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A measurement system, comprising:a parallel dipole line (PDL) trap having a pair of dipole line magnets; and
a diamagnetic object levitating above the dipole line magnets, wherein the diamagnetic object is configured to contain a material under test for conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurement by the measurement system.

US Pat. No. 10,557,896

MAGNETIC SENSOR

TDK Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A magnetic sensor, comprising:a magnetoresistive effect element (MR element), which can detect an external magnetic field, and
a soft magnetic body shield, wherein
the soft magnetic body shield is positioned above and/or below the MR element in a side view,
the size of the MR element is physically included within a perimeter of the soft magnetic body shield in a plan view, and
a diameter ?s of the soft magnetic body shield and a diameter ?m of the MR element fulfill a relationship in a following formula (1):
?s?1.3?m  (1).

US Pat. No. 10,557,895

SENSOR ARRANGEMENT HAVING THERMO-EMF COMPENSATION

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. An arrangement configured to provide a signal responsive to a temperature difference between a contact of a Hall effect device and a reference point, the arrangement comprising:a Hall effect region;
a contact tub located near an external surface of the Hall effect region and comprising at least one first contact;
a first conductor element encircling a major portion of the contact tub, and comprising a plurality of second electrically coupled contacts encircling a major portion of the contact tub,
wherein the reference point is electrically coupled to the first conductor element, and thermal coupling between the reference point and the contact tub is weaker than thermal coupling between the second electrically coupled contacts and the contact tub; and
a second conductor element comprising first and second end portions, the first end portion electrically coupled to the plurality of electrically coupled second contacts,
wherein the first and second conductor elements have substantially different Seebeck coefficients, and the reference point and the second end portion are configured to tap the signal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,894

REFERENCE SIGNAL CORRECTION CIRCUIT

Linear Technology Holding...

11. A circuit, comprising:means for receiving a first calibrated voltage based on a base-emitter voltage of one or more pnp transistors, a second calibrated voltage based on a base-emitter voltage of one or more npn transistors, and a reference voltage;
means for determining a set of reference values based on the first calibrated voltage, the second calibrated voltage, and the reference voltage;
means for calculating a gain correction factor based on a function of the set of reference values and a set of temperature-dependent values;
means for receiving an output signal based on the reference voltage; and
means for correcting the output signal based on the gain correction factor.

US Pat. No. 10,557,888

TEST APPARATUS

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. A test apparatus comprising:transceivers suitable for providing, in a training mode and to a global de-skew circuit, first timing information obtained by delaying a first data signal in a range of up to a preset unit interval based on a clock signal, for receiving, in the training mode and from the global de-skew circuit, second timing information corresponding to timing differences between a slowest of the transceivers and remaining transceivers, and for providing, in an operation mode, compensation data to a plurality of DUTs (Devices Under Test) at the same time, the compensation data being obtained by delaying a second data signal by multiples of the preset unit interval in response to the second timing information; and
the global de-skew circuit suitable for receiving, in the training mode and from the transceivers, the first timing information, for calculating, in the training mode, the timing differences between the slowest transceiver and the remaining transceivers in response to the first timing information, and for providing, in the training mode and to the transceivers, the second timing information corresponding to each of the timing differences.

US Pat. No. 10,557,884

WIRE BREAK DETECTION IN DIGITAL INPUT RECEIVERS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A controller comprising:a field input terminal for connecting to a field input wire, the field input wire carrying a current when not broken;
a field ground terminal;
a microcontroller having a logic input and a logic output wherein the microcontroller is connected to logic ground;
a digital input circuit having a field input, a field ground, a logic output and a logic ground wherein the field input is coupled to the field input terminal and the logic output is coupled to the microcontroller;
a capacitor connected between the field input terminal and the logic ground; and
an isolator having a first signal input coupled to the microcontroller logic output, a second signal input coupled to the logic ground, a first field output and a second field output connected to the field ground terminal, wherein when the first signal input is in a first state, the first field output is connected to the field ground and when the first signal input is in a second state, the first field output is disconnected from the field ground;
wherein the microcontroller includes a second logic input, the controller further comprising:
a second field input terminal for connecting to a second field input wire, the second field input wire carrying a current when not broken;
a second digital input circuit having a field input coupled to the second field input terminal, a field ground, a logic output coupled to the microcontroller second logic input and a logic ground; and
a second capacitor connected between the second field input terminal and the field ground terminal,
wherein the second digital input circuit field ground is connected to the isolator first field output.

US Pat. No. 10,557,876

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HOME ENERGY MONITOR AND CONTROL

EnergyHub, Brooklyn, NY ...

1. A system, comprising:a data network interface enabling communication of data over a data network;
a node interface enabling communication, via the data network interface, between nodes comprising a power monitoring and control node,wherein:the power monitoring and control node enables control of power to a power consuming device based on a type of the power consuming device based on a tag associated with the power consuming device being coupled to the system, wherein the type of the power consuming device is based on a power control characteristic from a user profile and a function associated with the power consuming device, wherein the function is associated with the power control characteristic that describes operational characteristics for controlling the power consuming device during startup, in-use, not in use, and reduced power statuses, and
the power monitoring and control node monitors power consumption of the power consuming device, compares the power consumption to a baseline power consumption yielding comparison result data, and enables a display of energy usage data based on the comparison result data.

US Pat. No. 10,557,874

ELECTRIC CURRENT MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND ELECTRIC CURRENT MEASUREMENT METHOD

OSAKA CITY UNIVERISTY, O...

1. An electric current measurement apparatus to measure a current flowing in a wire, the apparatus comprising:a first magnetic element, a resistance variation of the first magnetic element being proportional to the current;
a second magnetic element, a resistance variation of the second magnetic element being proportional to the current;
a first current source capable of supplying a first alternating current to the first magnetic element, the first current source being connected to the first magnetic element;
a second current source capable of supplying a second alternating current to the second magnetic element, a phase of the second alternating current being deviated from a phase of the first alternating current, the second current source being connected to the second magnetic element;
a first low pass filter configured to pass a low frequency component of an output from the first magnetic element;
a second low pass filter configured to pass a low frequency component of an output from the second magnetic element;
a calculator configured to calculate
a square root of a sum of squares of an output from the first low pass filter and an output from the second low pass filter, and
an arc tangent value of the output from the first low pass filter and the output from the second low pass filter.

US Pat. No. 10,557,872

MEASURING ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR CONTACTLESS ELECTRIC CURRENT MEASUREMENT

Testo AG, Lenzkirch (DE)...

1. A measuring arrangement (1) for contactless electric current measurement, comprising:a measuring coil arrangement (2) having a first measuring coil (6) and a second measuring coil (7),
a compensating coil arrangement (3) having a first compensating coil (11) connected to one end of the first measuring coil (6) and a second compensating coil (13) connected to one end of the second measuring coil (7),
a first detection device (4) that detects common signals from the first and second measuring coils (6, 7) of the measuring coil arrangement (2) and the first and second compensating coils (11, 13) of the compensating coil arrangement (3),
a second detection device (5) that separately detects a signal of the first measuring coil (6) of the measuring coil arrangement (2),
an electric conductor receptacle (8),
the first and second measuring coils are located on mutually opposite sides (35, 36) of the electric conductor receptacle (8), and
the compensating coil arrangement (3) having a third compensating coil (12) and a fourth compensating coil (14), wherein the third compensating coil (12) being connected to an other end of the first measuring coil (6) from the first compensating coil (11), and the fourth compensating coil (14) being connected to an other end of the second measuring coil (7) from the second compensating coil (12).

US Pat. No. 10,557,871

REEL DEVICE

PEACEFUL THRIVING ENTERPR...

1. A reel device, comprising:a casing comprising a first cover, a second cover and a pad clampingly held between said first cover and said second cover, wherein said first cover has a protruding portion that has an assembling hole on a center thereof and a pair of recesses on an edge thereof, wherein said second cover provides a first outlet and a second outlet thereon and has a through hole at a central position thereof and a pair of assembling columns that are equally high, wherein said pad has a sleeving portion that has an enclosure arranged on a bore side thereof, wherein said enclosure has a pair of pressing boards arranged thereon; and
a measuring model, coupled on an end face of said casing, wherein said measuring model comprises:
a shell, mounted on said second cover, wherein said shell has a display panel mounted thereon;
a measuring circuit, arranged in said shell;
an affixing portion that is rod shaped and provides a circuit for connecting with said measuring circuit;
a first metal column and a second metal column arranged on said affixing portion, wherein top ends of said first metal column and said second metal column penetrate said affixing portion and contact said measuring circuit, wherein a first spring and a second spring are respectively arranged on a bottom end of said first metal column; and
a contact portion that is an electrical conductor, having an end connected with a pair of wires, wherein end portions of said pair of wires respectively provide a first input terminal and a second input terminal arranged thereon, wherein bottom ends of said first spring and said second spring are propped against said contact portion, wherein a circuit of said measuring circuit is connected to said display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,557,870

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TIME CORRELATED SIGNAL ACQUISITION AND VIEWING

Tektronix, Inc., Beavert...

1. A test and measurement instrument, comprising:a display having a time domain graticule and a frequency domain graticule;
one or more inputs configured to receive one or more signals from one or more devices under test;
an acquisition system configured to digitize the one or more signals into signal samples having a time base; and
a processor configured to:
generate a time domain waveform from a first series of the signal samples for display in the time domain graticule;
receive input from a user identifying a time period within the time domain waveform;
select a second series of the signal samples based on the time base of the signal samples that correspond to the identified time period; and
perform a frequency domain transform on the second series of the signal samples to generate a frequency domain waveform for display in the frequency domain graticule.

US Pat. No. 10,557,868

WAFER INSPECTION DEVICE AND WAFER INSPECTION METHOD

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A wafer inspection device including a plurality of tester rows composed of a plurality of testers that is horizontally arranged and a conveying stage provided for each of the plurality of tester rows, comprising:a first camera disposed for each of the plurality of tester rows and configured to move along a respective tester row of the plurality of tester rows,
wherein each of the plurality of testers includes a probe card having a plurality of contact terminals formed to protrude toward a wafer, and
the conveying stage is configured to mount the wafer thereon and to move toward the probe card,
wherein the conveying stage includes an aligner and a chuck top mounted on the aligner, the aligner and the chuck top being separated from each other,
the wafer is mounted on the chuck top,
the aligner includes an inclination adjusting mechanism configured to adjust an inclination of the chuck top relative to the probe card so as to maintain the wafer in a parallel relationship with the probe card,
the wafer inspection device further comprising: an inclination checking mechanism configured to check a degree of inclination of the chuck top and a degree of inclination of the probe card,
wherein the inclination checking mechanism includes the first camera and a second camera, the first camera being configured to check the degree of inclination of the chuck top with respect to a horizontal plane and the second camera being disposed in the aligner and configured to check the degree of inclination of the probe card with respect to the horizontal plane.

US Pat. No. 10,557,865

QUANTITATIVE MEASUREMENTS USING MULTIPLE FREQUENCY ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY

Oxford Instruments Asylum...

1. An atomic force microscope, comprising:an atomic force microscope cantilever, having a base and a probe tip;
a surface for holding a sample to be measured by the cantilever, adjacent to the cantilever;
a controller; and
a cantilever driving element, driven by said controller;
the controller receiving a signal indicative of cantilever motion,
and forming a feedback loop with the signal,
the controller exciting the cantilever at least at one both of first and second eigenmodes, wherein the first eigenmode excites in a first mode, and
the second eigenmode excites in a second mode, and in the absence of any second mode excitation, the first eigenmode is interacting with the surface in the attractive mode, and when the first eigenmode is exciting, and the second eigenmode is added to the exciting, after the second mode is added, the first eigenmode is in a repulsive mode, induced by the addition of energy of the second eigenmode,
the controller exciting the cantilever at the first and second eigenmodes while controlling a distance between the cantilever and the sample, and
the controller measuring the amplitude and/or phase of the cantilever at least at one of first and second frequencies associated with the first and second eigenmodes.

US Pat. No. 10,557,864

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A physical quantity sensor that is configured to detect an acceleration, the physical quantity sensor comprising:a base substrate extending along an X-axis direction and a Y-axis direction that are perpendicular to each other, the base substrate including:
a first recess having a first bottom surface;
a second recess having a second bottom surface, the second recess being located next to the first recess in the X-axis direction;
a first fixed electrode that is provided on the first bottom surface;
a second fixed electrode that is provided on the first bottom surface, the second fixed electrode being located next to the first fixed electrode in the X-axis direction; and
a conductor that is provided on the second bottom surface; and
a sensor member extending along the X-axis direction and the Y-axis direction, the sensor member including:
a first part that faces the first fixed electrode via a first gap along a Z-axis direction that is perpendicular to the X-axis direction and the Y-axis direction;
a second part that faces the second fixed electrode via a second gap along the Z-axis direction, the second part having a larger mass than the first part; and
a swing axis that extends along the Y-axis direction, the swing axis being located between the first part and the second part, the sensor member being swingable with respect to the swing axis,
wherein each of the first and second parts has a plurality of through holes,
an edge portion of the second part overlaps with the conductor in a plan view along the Z-axis direction, the edge portion is located at an opposite side of the sensor member as the first part in the X-axis direction,
the edge portion has first, second, and third side surfaces, the first side surface extends along the Y-axis direction, the second side surface extends along the X-axis direction and is located at one side of the second part in the Y-axis direction, and the third side surface extends along the X-axis direction and is located at the other side of the second part in the Y-axis direction,
the conductor has first, second, and third ends in the plan view, the first end is located at one side of the conductor in the X-axis direction, the second end is located at one side of the conductor in the Y-axis direction, and the third end is located at the other side of the conductor in the Y-axis direction,
the first end of the conductor is located outwardly away from the first side surface of the edge portion along the X-axis direction in the plan view, the second end of the conductor is located outwardly away from the second side surface of the edge portion along the Y-axis direction in the plan view, and the third end of the conductor is located outwardly away from the third side surface of the edge portion along the Y-axis direction, and
the first bottom surface of the first recess is located upwardly away from a top surface of the conductor along the Z-axis direction in a cross-sectional view.

US Pat. No. 10,557,862

SYSTEMS FOR ASSURING QUALITY COMPLIANCE OF POINT-OF-CARE SINGLE-USE TESTING DEVICES

Abbott Point of Care Inc....

1. A system comprising:a set of sample testing cartridges, wherein each sample testing cartridge from the set of sample testing cartridges has a same lot number assigned from a manufacturer;
a plurality of analyzers in communication with one another via a wireless network, wherein a processor of at least one analyzer of the plurality of analyzers is configured to control the at least one analyzer to:
perform one or more quality control tests to generate quality control test data, wherein the one or more quality control tests are performed using: (i) a predetermined number and type of control fluids, and (ii) a predetermined number of sample testing cartridges of the set of sample testing cartridges; and
transmit the quality control test data;
a data manager that is in communication with each of the plurality of analyzers via the wireless network, wherein the data manager is configured to:
determine a compliance status of the set of sample testing cartridges based on whether the quality control test data is within range of predetermined cartridge test target values;
store the determined compliance status for the set of sample testing cartridges in a data table; and
transmit the data table to each of the plurality of analyzers, wherein the transmit of the data table is performed independent of whether the determined compliance status for the set of sample testing cartridges is in compliance or not in compliance,
wherein a processor of each of the plurality of analyzers is configured to:
receive the data table and store the data table in a memory;
obtain information pertaining to the set of sample testing cartridges;
obtain the compliance status for the set of sample testing cartridges from the data table based on the information obtained pertaining to the set of sample testing cartridges;
when the compliance status obtained from the data table indicates the set of sample testing cartridges is in compliance, enable use of the set of sample testing cartridges for performing one or more analytical tests on biological samples; and
when the compliance status obtained from the data table indicates the set of sample testing cartridges is not in compliance, at least partially disable use of the set of sample testing cartridges for performing the one or more analytical tests on the biological samples.

US Pat. No. 10,557,854

CA IX—NIR DYES AND THEIR USES

On Target Laboratories, L...

1. A compound having the formula:B-W-X-Y-Z
wherein B is a CA IX-targeted molecule is selected from the group consisting of

wherein n is 0, 1, 2, 3 . . . ; m is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, . . . and p is 0, 1, 2, 3, . . . ;
W is an extended hydrophobic residue;
X is a hydrophobic spacer;
Y is an amino acid spacer; and
Z is a NIR dye.

US Pat. No. 10,557,852

FLUORESCENT MOLECULAR SENSOR FOR TARGETING CHANGES IN PROTEIN SURFACES, AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

YEDA RESEARCH AND DEVELOP...

1. A monomolecular compound that can track changes that occur on the surface of tag-labeled proteins, said compound comprises:a. a His-Tag binder;
b. a non-selective binder;
c. a fluorophore; and
a linker, which covalently links between the His-Tag-binder and the non-selective binder;
wherein the linker is a combination of linear or branched alkyl ether chain of 2-50 carbon atoms and substituted linear or branched alkyl diamide chain of 2-50 carbon atoms;
wherein the fluorophore is covalently attached to a side chain of the linker in the vicinity to the non-selective binder;
wherein the non-selective binder comprises at least one peptide; and
wherein the His-tag binder is represented by the structure of formula D:

wherein
each of L4, L4?, and L4? is independently —(CH2)n—NHCO—(CH2)m—O—(CH2)1—;
n, m and l are each independently an integer between 1 and 6;
M-NTA is a metal complex of nitrilotriacetic acid; and
wherein the wavy line marks the position from which the fragment connects to the linker.

US Pat. No. 10,557,850

ANTI-CXCR1 COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS

THE REGENTS OF UNIVERSITY...

1. A method of treating a human subject diagnosed with ER-negative breast cancer, comprising:(a) administering a pharmaceutical composition containing an effective concentration of Compound 1 to the human subject in need of said treatment, wherein Compound 1 is:
and(b) administering an effective concentration of paclitaxel to the subject in need of said treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,557,849

DIAGNOSTIC OF CHRONIC MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA (CMML) BY FLOW CYTOMETRY

INSTITUT GUSTAVE-ROUSSY, ...

1. A method comprising the following steps in the order shown:a) obtaining a whole blood sample from a subject and diluting the sample to a concentration of total granulocytes under 10×109/L;
b) contacting the diluted sample with antibodies labelled with fluorophores, wherein the labelled antibodies collectively recognize antigens expressed by granulocytes, T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, and/or natural killer (NK) cells that are present in the sample;
c) detecting by flow cytometry a monocyte cell population in the diluted sample, wherein the detecting step includes CD45+ cells but excludes CD2+ cells, CD56+ cells, CD15+ cells, CD16+ cells, and/or CD24+ cells that are present in the sample;
d) quantifying by flow cytometry the CD14+/CD16? monocytes in said diluted sample, quantifying total monocytes in said diluted sample, and calculating the ratio of CD14+/CD16? monocytes to total monocytes; and
e) diagnosing said subject as having chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) when the calculated ratio of CD14+/CD16? monocytes to total monocytes in the diluted sample is higher than 0.936.

US Pat. No. 10,557,846

ENCODED POLYMERIC MICROPARTICLES

QUANTAMATRIX INC., Seoul...

1. Encoded polymeric microparticles, each of which comprises an encoded polymeric microparticle core, a silica shell surrounding the microparticle core, and magnetic materials,wherein the encoded polymeric microparticle core comprises a photocurable polymer and a linker, and
the encoded polymeric microparticle core is cured by light or electron beam, wherein the photocurable polymer is patterned by optical lithography,
the linker comprises a photocurable functional group chemically bonded with the photocurable polymer and a functional group chemically bonded with the silica shell, and
the linker is a compound represented by the following Formula 1:

wherein R1 is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl, each R2 is C1-C8 straight or branched alkyl, and L is C1-C12 alkylene, arylene or any combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,557,845

FLAVORS, FLAVOR MODIFIERS, TASTANTS, TASTE ENHANCERS, UMAMI OR SWEET TASTANTS, AND/OR ENHANCERS AND USE THEREOF

Firmenich Incorporated, ...

1. A method for modulating the taste of an ingestible composition comprising: combining the ingestible composition with at least a savory flavor modulating amount of an amide compound, or a comestibly acceptable salt thereof, having the following formula, so as to form a taste modified ingestible composition:
wherein:
A is phenyl;
m is 1 or 2;
each R1? is independently selected from fluoro, chloro, SCH3, SEt, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, vinyl, , methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, and trifluoromethoxy;
i) R2 is a C3-C10 branched alkyl optionally substituted with one to two substituents each independently selected fluoro, chloro, CO2CH3, SCH3, SEt, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, and trifluoromethoxy; or
ii) R2 is a 1-(1,2,3,4) tetrahydronapthalene ring or an 2,3-dihydro-1H-indene ring having the following formula:

wherein n is 1, 2, or 3, and each R2? can be bonded to either the aromatic or non-aromatic ring and is independently selected from hydrogen, fluoro, chloro, NH2, NHCH3, N(CH3)2, CO2CH3, SCH3, SEt, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, vinyl, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, and trifluoromethoxy groups; or
iii) R2 is a cycloalkyl ring having 5 to 8 ring carbon atoms optionally substituted with one to four substituents independently selected from fluoro, chloro, CO2CH3, SCH3, SEt, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, trifluoromethyl, methoxy, ethoxy, isopropoxy, and trifluoromethoxy;
wherein the amide compound has a molecular weight of 500 grams per mole or less; and
wherein the modified ingestible composition is a food for human or animal consumption.

US Pat. No. 10,557,844

BIORESISTIVE-FINGERPRINT BASED SOBRIETY MONITORING SYSTEM

SOBERLINK HEALTHCARE, LLC...

1. A system for monitoring the sobriety of a user comprising:a testing device that generates a substance content signal and comprising a mouthpiece and a user identification device;
wherein the user identification device generates user identification data in response to a user's breath and transmits it from the testing device to a monitoring station, and the testing device further comprises at least one of a LCD screen or a light-emitting diode LED, wherein the at least one of the LED or LCD generates and displays at least one randomly generated visible identification indicia which is one of a random number, a random color, and a random color scheme; and
wherein the substance content signal comprises at least one substance information and at least one user identification data.

US Pat. No. 10,557,841

SENSOR CONTROL APPARATUS AND SENSOR CONTROL SYSTEM

NGK Spark Plug Co., LTD.,...

1. A sensor control apparatus for controlling a gas sensor which detects a concentration of a particular gas in a mixed exhaust gas, comprising:an energization device that supplies a resistance measurement current having a designated current value designated in advance to a characteristic resistor which has a resistance selected from a plurality of previously set resistances so as to represent a characteristic of the gas sensor; and
a setting device that sets the designated current value to one of two or more values in accordance with a magnitude of the resistance of the characteristic resistor, wherein
the characteristic resistor is included in the gas sensor and connected to the energization device, and
the sensor control apparatus is configured to determine the characteristic of the gas sensor based on the resistance of the characteristic resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,557,840

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES ACROSS FACILITIES

HARTFORD STEAM BOILER INS...

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of facilities;
wherein each facility of the plurality of facilities performs at least one industrial process;
at least one sensor configured to:
i) measure, based on a model for the at least one industrial process, one or more target variables of at least one process parameter of the at least one industrial process being performed at a particular facility of the plurality of facilities during a particular time; and
ii) generate a corresponding current process-related data set for each respective target variable;
a computing unit coupled to the at least one measuring sensor, wherein the computing unit comprises at least one processor and a non-transient storage subsystem;
a computer program that is stored by the non-transient storage subsystem, wherein the computer program, when executed by the at least one processor, causes the at least one processor of the computing unit to at least:
receive the corresponding current process-related data set for each respective target variable;
generate a random process data set from the corresponding current process-related data set;
obtain a set of bias criteria values used to determine one or more process-related outliers;
perform a dynamic outlier bias reduction on the corresponding current process-related data set for one or more bias criteria values of the set of bias criteria values to generate one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related target data set;
perform the dynamic outlier bias reduction on the process-related random data set for the one or more bias criteria values of the set of bias criteria values to generate one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related random data set;
calculate a set of target error values for the one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related target data set and a set of random error values for the one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related random data set;
calculate a set of target correlation coefficients for the one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related target data sets and a set of random correlation coefficients for the one or more outlier bias reduced, process-related random data set;
generate a first bias criteria curve for the corresponding current process-related data set and a second bias criteria curve for the process-related random data set from the one or more bias criteria values, the set of target error values, the set of random error values, the set of target correlation coefficients, and the set of random correlation coefficients;
dynamically determine, based on the first bias criteria curve and the second bias criteria curve, a non-biased viability of the corresponding current process-related data set;
wherein the non-biased viability is an indicator of whether the corresponding current process-related target data set is representative of the at least one process parameter of the at least one industrial process being modeled by the model; and
dynamically generate, when the non-biased viability identifies that the corresponding current process-related target data set is representative of the at least one process parameter of the at least one industrial process, at least one industrial process standard; and
wherein each facility of the plurality of facilities continues to perform the least one industrial process based at least in part on the at least one industrial process standard.

US Pat. No. 10,557,838

PORTABLE GAS DETECTING AND MONITORING APPARATUS

Acrulog Pty. Ltd., Clont...

1. A portable gas detecting and monitoring apparatus, comprising:a case, the case includes a continuous sidewall having opposed first and second ends, the first end is closed by a first end cap, the second end is closed by a second end cap, the second end cap is connected sealably and removably to the continuous sidewall, the continuous sidewall is triangular being a trilateral body having three sides and three corners, between the first end and the second end, two of the three sides being straight and equal in length, one of the three sides being rounded, and each of the three corners being rounded;
a gas detection and monitoring unit enclosed and sealed in the case from an ambient atmosphere outside the case, the gas detection and monitoring unit includes:
a gas sensor in sealed fluid communication with the ambient atmosphere outside the case;
a temperature and humidity sensor in sealed fluid communication with the ambient atmosphere outside the case;
a pressure sensor in sealed fluid communication with the ambient atmosphere outside the case;
a data processor operatively connected to the gas sensor, the temperature and humidity sensor, and the pressure sensor;
data storage and an information display operatively connected to the data processor;
a calibration unit operatively connected to the data processor for calibrating the data processor to a predetermined gas concentration measured by the gas sensor;
an externally operable switch for selectively connecting the data processor to the data storage to allow transfer of data from the data storage to the data processor; and
a communication device operatively connected to at least one of the data processor and the data storage for enabling data transfer between an external destination and at least one of the data processor and the data storage; and
a power supply mounted in the case, the power supply being operatively connected to power the gas detecting and monitoring unit.

US Pat. No. 10,557,835

AUTOMATED SYSTEM FOR SAMPLE PREPARATION AND ANALYSIS

THERMO FISHER SCIENTIFIC ...

6. An automated sample preparation and analysis system, comprising:a sample analysis system of the type that includes a mass spectrometer, the sample analysis system configured to analyze a plurality of samples according to respective assays selected from a database containing a plurality of assays; anda sample preparation system including a controller configured to adjust the order of the samples for analysis by the sample analysis system;wherein the order in which the plurality of samples are analyzed is dependent on at least one of a user specified target time to result for a sample, an automatically assigned target time to result for a sample, or a remaining target time to result for a sample; and
wherein the controller further determines whether the mass spectrometer is available for receiving a prepared sample from the sample preparation system within a predetermined amount of time less than or equal to about 6 minutes.

US Pat. No. 10,557,834

AUTO-SAMPLING SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATICALLY ACQUIRING A SAMPLE

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A sampling system configured to automatically acquire a sample from at least one source of the sample comprising:an external sampling assembly in fluidic communication with the at least one source of the sample, the external sampling assembly comprising an external sampling valve having a first sample loop and an external pump; and
a process sample manager connected to the external sampling assembly, wherein the external sampling valve has a first configuration in which the external sampling valve is configured to place the process sample manager in fluidic communication with the first sample loop, and a second configuration in which the external sampling valve is configured to place the external pump in fluidic communication with the first sample loop.

US Pat. No. 10,557,832

PORTABLE ACOUSTIC APPARATUS FOR IN-SITU MONITORING OF A WELD IN A WORKPIECE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An apparatus for in-situ monitoring of a welded joint in a workpiece, comprising:an ultrasonic sending transducer and a receiving transducer;
the ultrasonic sending transducer including a probe head disposed on a plurality of individually-activatable piezoelectric elements;
the probe head including a plurality of waveguide probes projecting orthogonally from a planar surface thereof, wherein each of the waveguide probes includes a tip portion that is configured to be conformable to a bonding area of the welded joint in the workpiece, and wherein a dry couplant is attached to the tip portion;
a wave attenuator disposed between individual ones of the waveguide probes; and
a receiving transducer;
wherein the workpiece is insertable between the waveguide probes of the ultrasonic sending transducer and the receiving transducer;
wherein the ultrasonic sending transducer is disposed to urge the probe head towards the receiving transducer such that at least one of the waveguide probes physically contacts the welded joint in the workpiece;
wherein the piezoelectric elements are controllable to individually excite the at least one waveguide probe that is in physical contact with the welded joint in the workpiece; and
wherein the acoustic receiving transducer is disposed to monitor the welded joint in the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 10,557,831

PIPELINE CRACK DETECTION

General Electric Company,...

1. A method, comprising:emitting an ultrasonic signal into a test specimen from a sensor carrier module, wherein the sensor carrier module includes a phased array of sensors and the ultrasonic signal is emitted by a first sensor of the phased array of sensors;
receiving a first reflected ultrasonic signal from the test specimen by a second sensor of the phased array of sensors, wherein the first reflected ultrasonic signal is reflected from a feature in the test specimen;
defining a half-skip coverage area, wherein the first coverage area returns a half-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal as a result of the feature extending into the half-skip coverage area;
defining a one-skip coverage area, wherein the one-skip coverage area returns a one-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal as a result of the feature extending into the one-skip coverage area;
defining a one-and-a-half-skip coverage area, wherein the one-and-a-half-skip coverage area returns a one-and-a-half-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal as a result of the feature extending into the one-and-a-half-skip coverage area;
determining the feature extends into the half-skip coverage area of the test specimen based on receiving the half-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal, wherein the half-skip echo is a first reflection of the first reflected ultrasonic signal and is internally reflected within the test specimen one time;
determining the feature extends into the one-skip coverage area of the test specimen based on receiving the one-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal, wherein the one-skip echo is a second reflection of the first reflected ultrasonic signal and is internally reflected within the test specimen three times;
determining the feature extends into the one-and-a-half-skip coverage area of the test specimen based on receiving the one-and-a-half-skip echo of the first reflected ultrasonic signal, wherein the one-and-a-half-skip echo is a third reflection of the first reflected ultrasonic signal and is internally reflected within the test specimen five times; and
determining a threshold depth of the feature in the test specimen based on determining the feature extends into the half-skip coverage area, the one-skip coverage area, the one-and-a-half-skip coverage area, or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,557,830

ACOUSTIC MEANS FOR DETECTING, LOCATING AND ASSESSING IMPACTS TO WHICH A STRUCTURE IS SUBJECTED

AIRBUS, Blagnac (FR)

1. A non-contact device to detect and locate an impact on a structure, comprising:at least three non-contact acoustic sensors arranged non-aligned and positioned within a measurement enclosure in which the structure is located and in which at least one of operators and vehicles move around within and such that an acoustic wave emitted at any point of the measurement enclosure can be received by direct propagation by each of the non-contact acoustic sensors;
a command controller configured to process signals corresponding to the acoustic waves received by said at least three non-contact acoustic sensors to detect an occurrence of an impact on the structure and to locate a point of the structure that is a source of an acoustic wave following the impact and detection by said at three non-contact acoustic sensors; and
at least one optical pointer to produce a spot illumination at a distance from said at least one optical pointer, said at least one optical pointer positioned in the measurement enclosure such that points of the structure in the measurement enclosure can be illuminated by said at least one optical pointer, said at least one optical pointer being actuated by the command controller so as to designate a location in the measurement enclosure, from which a received acoustic wave is determined to originate, and correspond to an impact point located on the structure by illuminating a corresponding location of the structure.

US Pat. No. 10,557,829

TWO-DIMENSIONAL TR PROBE ARRAY

General Electric Company,...

1. An ultrasonic sensor assembly, comprising:a controller; and
a sensor array in operative association with the controller and configured to conform to a cylindrical shape of a tubular test object, the sensor array including a flexible supporting material comprising an engineering plastic, and a plurality of operable sensor elements arranged in a matrix formation within the flexible supporting material, the matrix formation including a plurality of rows of the sensor elements and a plurality of columns of the sensor elements;
wherein the sensor array, when applied to the test object, is configured to conform to the cylindrical shape of the test object such that columns of the one or more sensor elements are oriented parallel to a longitudinal axis of the test object and rows of the one or more sensor elements are oriented transverse to the longitudinal axis of the test object.

US Pat. No. 10,557,827

ELECTROSTATICALLY ACTUATED TORSIONAL RESONANT SENSORS AND SWITCHES

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. A torsional resonator sensor apparatus comprising:a resonator structure comprising a beam suspended above a substrate, the beam having a switching element at an actuated end and a sensor surface at an un-actuated end, wherein the resonator structure is configured to detect a mass of a particular agent that becomes in contact with the sensor surface; and
AC and DC voltage sources that are coupled to the resonator structure and are configured to drive the resonator structure to resonate in a stable state at an operating frequency, wherein the resonator structure is configured to cause a resonance frequency shift for the resonator structure to lower values after contact of the particular agent with the sensor surface,
wherein the beam is suspended above the substrate with torsional support members so that (1) there is an electrode area located on the substrate, next to the actuated end, and (2) there is no electrode located on the substrate, next to the un-actuated end,
wherein the torsional support members are attached to the beam between the actuated end and the un-actuated end, and
wherein the switching element is configured to be activated upon the contact of the sensor surface with the particular agent having a mass above a predefined level that causes the operating frequency to fall within a shifted pull-in frequency band for the resonator structure due to the contact of the particular agent with the sensor surface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,825

APPARATUS, CONTROLLER, AND METHOD FOR INSPECTING A PART

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method of inspecting a part for defects, the method comprising:applying an electromagnetic field to the part using a probe comprising a defect detection coil, a feedback detection coil, and one or more noise cancelation coils disposed adjacent to the defect detection coil on the probe, wherein the defect detection coil is configured to detect a defect in the part, the one or more noise cancelation coils are configured to cancel out at least a portion of the electromagnetic field, the feedback detection coil is configured to detect feedback produced by the electromagnetic field, and the defect detection coil is separate from the feedback detection coil;
detecting, by use of the feedback detection coil, feedback received in response to applying the electromagnetic field; and
adjusting settings corresponding to the one or more noise cancelation coils, in response to the feedback, to reduce electromagnetic noise.

US Pat. No. 10,557,823

ION FILTER FOR MASS SPECTROMETER

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. An ion filter apparatus for a mass spectrometer, the apparatus comprising:an ion modifier comprised of at least one of a heater or at least two electrodes;
an ion selector comprising at least two ion gates and configured to select a subset of ions from a sample of ions based on their mobility in a gas; and
a controller configured to operate the ion modifier in a first mode to modify the ions selected by the ion selector to provide daughter ions, and configured to operate the ion modifier in a second mode to output the subset of ions selected by the ion selector;
wherein the ion filter further includes an outlet, the outlet adapted for providing output of the at least one of the subset of ions or the daughter ions to an intake of a mass spectrometer, wherein the at least two ion gates are separated from the outlet by the ion modifier, and
wherein at least one of:
the ion modifier is arranged to modify ions in a region having a gas pressure of at least 500 millibar; or
the ion selector is arranged to select ions based on their mobility in a gas having a gas pressure of at least 500 millibar.

US Pat. No. 10,557,821

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR VARIANT DETECTION

LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORA...

1. A method for detecting nucleic acid sequence variants in electropherogram data, the method comprising:receiving electropherogram data comprising one or more nucleic acid sequences from a Sanger sequencing instrument;
analyzing the electropherogram data, the analysis comprising identifying mixed bases in the electropherogram data based on an orientation of each of the one or more nucleic acid sequences;
validating the identified mixed bases by extracting peak location data for each of four electropherogram channels from the analyzed electropherogram data; and
determining one or more variants in the electropherogram data based on the extracted peak location data.

US Pat. No. 10,557,819

ELECTROLYTIC COPPER PLATING SOLUTION ANALYZER, AND ELECTROLYTIC COPPER PLATING SOLUTION ANALYSIS METHOD

TOPPAN PRINTING CO., LTD....

5. A method for analyzing an electrolytic copper plating solution, comprising:immersing a working electrode, a reference electrode and a counter electrode in an electrolytic copper plating solution that contains additives including a promoter and an inhibitor, and rotating the working electrode at a given speed, wherein the electrolytic copper plating solution is used in a plating apparatus and is kept at a given temperature;
passing an electric current with a given current density between the working electrode and the counter electrode to measure a potential between the working electrode and the reference electrode; and
analyzing a relation between an elapsed time after passage of the current and the potential,
wherein parameters indicating a condition of the electrolytic copper plating solution are calculated based on a reaction mechanism when a Cu(I) species generated on a surface of the working electrode during a deposition reaction of a copper plated film is substituted for the inhibitor, the inhibitor being located on the surface of the working electrode, as the deposition reaction of the copper plated film proceeds, and the Cu(I) species forms a complex at least with the promoter; and
identifying, by a computer, the condition of the electrolytic copper plating solution using the parameters,
wherein the relation between the elapsed time after the current passage and the potential is analyzed based on the following equations (41), (61) to (63) to calculate ii, ia and Ca*/Ti as the parameters

wherein ? is the potential indicated above, T is a given temperature indicated above, I is the given current density, t is the elapsed time, ii is an exchange current density at the time of deposition reaction of the copper plated film in a presence of the inhibitor, ia is an exchange current density at a time of the deposition reaction of the copper plated film in a presence of the Cu(I) species, Ca is a concentration of the promoter in the solution, Ti is a saturation coverage of the inhibitor on the surface of the copper plated film, k is a reaction rate at which the inhibitor is substituted with the Cu(I) species with time due to a difference in adsorption rate therebetween, R is a universal gas constant, a is a transfer coefficient, F is the Faraday constant, d is a molar density of copper, and n is the valance of copper of the copper plated film.

US Pat. No. 10,557,817

METHOD OF INSPECTING ELECTRODE PROVIDED IN GAS SENSOR ELEMENT

NGK Insulators, Ltd., Na...

1. A method of inspecting an Au (Gold) maldistribution degree at a noble metal particle surface of an inspection target electrode,wherein said inspection target electrode is provided in a gas sensor element made of oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte,
said inspection target electrode contains Pt (Platinum) and Au as noble metal components,
said gas sensor element includes a heater inside, and
said Au maldistribution degree is a value defined based on a ratio of an area of a portion at which Au is exposed on said noble metal particle surface, and calculated from a result of XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) analysis or AES (Auger electron spectroscopy) analysis on said inspection target electrode,
said method comprising the steps of:
a) producing, in advance, a calibration curve representing a relation between said Au maldistribution degree and a predetermined alternative maldistribution degree index correlated with said Au maldistribution degree and acquired in a non-destructive manner from said gas sensor element heated to a predetermined temperature by said heater;
b) acquiring, as an inspection value, a value of said alternative maldistribution degree index for said inspection target electrode of the gas sensor element as an inspection target while the gas sensor element is heated to said predetermined temperature; and
c) determining whether the Au maldistribution degree at said inspection target electrode satisfies a predetermined standard based on said calibration curve produced through said step a) and said inspection value acquired through said step b).

US Pat. No. 10,557,816

SENSOR ELEMENT FOR DETECTING HCL GAS, SENSOR DEVICE HAVING THE SENSOR ELEMENT, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SENSOR ELEMENT

1. A sensor element for detecting hydrogen chloride (HCl) gas, the sensor element comprising:an ionic layer including a Ag ion obtained through ionization;
an ion conductive layer comprising AgI that is a solid electrolyte, in which the Ag ion is conducted, the ion conductive layer being formed on the ionic layer; and
a reactive layer comprising AgCl that reacts with the HCl gas, in which the Ag ion conducted from the ion conductive layer and HCl gas react with each other, the reactive layer being formed on the ion conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,557,814

ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTOR

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. An electrochemical detector comprising at least one substance selection structure disposed adjacent or proximate to an electronic device structure, wherein the at least one substance selection structure and the electronic device structure are fabricated on a plurality of separate substrates; and an intermediate substrate connecting the at least one substance selection structure and the electronic device structure; wherein the substance selection structure is arranged to interact with a target substance so as to alter an electrical characteristic of the electronic device structure,wherein the at least one substance selection structure is arranged to interact with at least one electrically charged chemical ion of the target substance;
wherein each of the at least one substance selection structure includes an ion-selective electrode;
wherein the ion-selective electrode comprises an ion-selective membrane arranged to selectively chelate with the at least one electrically charged chemical ion, and wherein the target substance is in contact with the ion-selective membrane;
wherein the ion selective electrode further comprises an ion-electron transducer arranged to generate a potentiometric signal in response to the interaction between the target substance and the substance selection structure; and
wherein the ion-electron transducer includes a conductive polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,557,810

ICE NUCLEATING PARTICLE SPECTROMETER

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A spectrometer, comprising:a housing located on top of a chiller unit, the chiller unit comprising:
a cavity configured to be filled with a coolant, and
a coil positioned to be submerged in presence of the coolant;
a hose to supply cold gas from the coil to a well area in the housing, the hose having a first end and the second end, wherein the first end is coupled to one end of the coil and the second end is coupled to a side of the housing;
one or more metal blocks located inside the cavity of the chiller unit and positioned to be partially immersed in the coolant, wherein each metal block has a top surface with a plurality of indentations;
a thermistor located in one of the one or more metal blocks to measure temperature of a region surrounding the one or more metal blocks;
one or more sample trays located on top of the one or more metal blocks, wherein each sample tray comprises a plurality of wells that extend downwards from a bottom of each sample tray and that fit within the plurality of indentations of the one or more metal blocks;
a lid to cover the plurality of wells to insulate air above the plurality of wells from room temperature air;
a camera located on a top surface of the housing to capture images of samples located in the plurality of wells;
a plurality of light sources located on the housing to provide a stable lighting environment in the housing; and
a computing device comprising a processor and a memory including instructions stored thereon, wherein the instructions upon execution by the processor configure the computing device to:
program the chiller unit to reach a certain end temperature to freeze samples located in the plurality of wells; and
record, using the camera, an intensity of light reflected from the samples located in the plurality of wells at least during the temperature of the chiller unit is adjusted.

US Pat. No. 10,557,807

3D PRINTED MICROFLUIDIC MIXERS AND NOZZLES FOR CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS ...

1. A system for conducting time-resolved serial femtosecond X-ray crystallography, the system comprising:a hybrid nozzle including a microfluidic mixer integrally formed with a liquid jet injector, the hybrid nozzle further including
a housing;
a first fluid inlet channel formed in the housing and configured to receive a substrate solution,
a second fluid inlet channel formed in the housing and configured to receive a crystal suspension, and
an outlet channel formed in the housing and coaxially formed with the second fluid inlet channel and in fluid communication with the first fluid inlet channel to provide mixing of the substrate solution and the crystal suspension within 1 ms to 5 ms, and
wherein the mixture is transported to a chamber via the liquid jet injector for crystallographic analysis,
wherein the first fluid inlet channel includes a first portion having a first diameter, a second portion having a second diameter less than the first diameter, and a third portion having a third diameter less than the first diameter and the second diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,557,805

HIGH THROUGHPUT METHODS OF ANALYZING SEED COTTON USING X-RAY IMAGING

MONSANTO TECHNOLOGY LLC, ...

1. A system for analyzing intact cotton, said system comprising:a plurality of seed cotton sample containers, each seed cotton sample container structured and operable to retain an intact cotton sample;
a sample support platform structured and operable to have the intact cotton samples containers disposed thereon;
an X-ray scanner system including an X-ray image data generation assembly, the X-ray scanner system structured and operable to generate X-ray image data of one or more intact cotton sample retained within the one or more of the seed cotton sample containers disposed on the sample support platform within an imaging field of the X-ray image data generation assembly; and
a computer based system structured and operable to execute image analysis software to analyze the image data and determine at least one metric of each of the one or more intact cotton sample.

US Pat. No. 10,557,804

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR WEAR MONITORING USING RF REFLECTIONS

REI, Inc., Salt Lake Cit...

1. A system for wear monitoring, comprising:a moving non-metallic surface, the moving non-metallic surface comprising artifacts comprising joining or structural reinforcing metallic elements;
integrated metallic shapes embedded at pre-determined depths in the moving non-metallic surface;
stationary focused radio-wave transmitters positioned on a first side of the moving non-metallic surface and transmitting focused radio frequencies;
stationary focused radio-wave receivers positioned on a second opposite side of the moving non-metallic surface;
wherein the moving non-metallic surface, the artifacts, and the integrated metallic shapes produce a signature of the radio waves transmitted by the stationary focused radio-wave transmitters along an entire length and breadth of the non-metallic surface; and
wherein detection of the signature of the radio waves from the stationary focused radio-wave transmitters by the stationary focused radio-wave receivers is averaged over time to map a condition of the moving non-metallic surface to infer wear.

US Pat. No. 10,557,801

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INSPECTING SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATOR, AND EXPOSURE METHOD AND DEVICE

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus for exposing an object, comprising:an illumination system which supplies exposure light;
a spatial light modulator having a base and a plurality of mirrors, each reflecting the exposure light, each of the plurality of mirrors being arranged on the base in parallel with the base;
a projection optical system which projects the exposure light from the spatial light modulator onto the object; and
an inspecting system including a light receiver which receives light from the plurality of mirrors of the spatial light modulator by way of the projection optical system, the inspecting system inspects deforming state of the base on the basis of an output from the light receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,557,799

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR THE INSPECTION OF CONTAINERS

TECH PRO PACKAG S.L., Am...

1. An assembly comprising:an inspection apparatus for detecting holes or cracks in a container that possesses an interior and an open end, the inspection apparatus comprising:
a light detector for detecting light in the interior of the container;
a movable support having a first end, a second end and an inner through conduit extending between and through the first and second ends, the through conduit configured to communicate light received at the first end towards the light detector, the movable support movable between a first axial position and a second axial position, in the second axial position the second end of the movable support is located nearer the light detector than when the movable support is in the first axial position;
an elastic member that acts on the movable support to continuously urge the movable support towards the first axial position; and
a stop with an inner through opening located on the first end of the moveable support, the stop configured to contact the open end of the container in a manner that prevents light from entering the interior of the container through the open end of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,557,798

SUBSTRATE SUPPORTED SEL STAGE AND HOUSING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus comprising:a housing comprising:
sidewalls; and
a base extending between and supported by the sidewalls, the base and the sidewalls forming a cavity;
a substrate supported by the housing; and
a surface enhanced luminescence (SEL) stage supported by the substrate between the substrate and the base, wherein the base comprises a focusing lens opposite the SEL stage.

US Pat. No. 10,557,796

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE TRANSMITTANCE OF A FLAT GLASS SUBSTRATE

1. A method for determining the transmittance of a flat-glass substrate with a measuring device, with which light of at least one light source is guided from one side of the flat-glass substrate through the flat-glass substrate to the opposite side of the flat-glass substrate, where it is captured by at least one receiving unit and the transmittance of the flat-glass substrate is determined by means of a comparison between the intensity of the light emitted by the light source and the light incident upon the receiving unit, wherein the light source is a surface-like diffuse light source, and the receiving unit comprises at least one spatially resolving receiver, between which the flat-glass substrate is positioned, and the transmittance is determined in a spatially resolved manner in a partial surface of the flat-glass substrate, which is covered by a measuring image of the spatially-resolving receiver, by an evaluation of brightness values in the measuring image,wherein light of the light source is captured by the receiving unit in at least one area next to the flat-glass substrate without passing through the flat-glass substrate;
wherein the light of the light source captured by the receiving unit without passing through the flat-glass substrate is used for defining a reference value for the calibration of the measuring device; and
wherein a measuring image of at least one outer receiver, which reproduces a border area of the flat-glass substrate, also includes an area next to the flat-glass substrate via which this outer receiver obtains a reference value with a defined calibration value and the measuring system of further receivers is calibrated in a step-by-step alignment with the respectively adjacent measuring system.

US Pat. No. 10,557,795

METAL ION DETECTION EQUIPMENT AND METAL ION DETECTION METHOD

National Tsing Hua Univer...

1. A metal ion detection equipment, comprising:a porous silicon resonant cavity structure, wherein a sample solution permeates into the porous silicon resonant cavity structure;
an electrochemical device, reducing a to-be-detected metal ion of the sample solution in the porous silicon resonant cavity structure into a to-be-detected metal, wherein the electrochemical device comprises:
a reaction chamber, configured to load the sample solution;
a working electrode and a counter electrode, disposed in the reaction chamber, wherein the porous silicon resonant cavity structure is disposed on the working electrode; and
a potentiostat, connected to the working electrode and the counter electrode; and
a spectrum detecting device, detecting a spectral variation of a reflective light from the porous silicon resonant cavity structure.

US Pat. No. 10,557,793

SCANNING MICROSCOPE USING A PROBE BEAM DEFLECTION TECHNIQUE (PBDT)

United States of America ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a probe beam generator configured to generate a probe beam;
a first polarizing filter positioned between the probe beam generator and a translucent medium and configured to polarize the probe beam in a first direction perpendicular to a direction of propagation of the probe beam;
a beam splitter positioned to receive the probe beam after it has been transmitted through the translucent medium, the beam splitter operable to split the received probe beam into a first split beam and second split beam;
a probe beam deflection detector that receives the first split beam and is configured to provide one or more deflection signals in response to deflections of the first split beam associated with a refractive index variation in the translucent medium;
a second polarizing filter that receives the second split beam and is oriented to polarize the second split beam in a second direction, perpendicular to the first direction and perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the probe beam; and
an intensity sensor that receives the second split beam after it has passed through the second polarizing filter, where intensity sensor provides an intensity signal associated with a polarization shift in the translucent medium.

US Pat. No. 10,557,792

SPECTRAL MODELING FOR COMPLEX ABSORPTION SPECTRUM INTERPRETATION

1. A spectral line interpretation method determining gas component concentrations in a complex gas mixture using an absorption spectroscope apparatus, the method comprising:measuring absorption spectra from a sample gas mixture having a difficult-to-interpret spectrum;
determining major absorbing gas components of the sample gas mixture;
modeling each sample gas component that has simple spectral lines with a calculated spectrum using a selected line-shape model;
modeling each sample gas component that has complex spectral lines with basis-set spectra obtained from previous measurements of known gases at multiple different temperatures and pressures, including interpolating the basis-set spectra obtained from previous measurements of known gases to determine a basis-set spectra associated with the sample gas component at a present temperature and pressure of the sample gas component;
additively combining selected line shapes of simple spectral lines with basis sets with multiplicative factors applied for each gas component; and
varying multiplicative factors to optimize a least-squares minimization of the additively combined spectral lines to fit measured spectral data of a complex gas mixture, a best fit of multiplicative factors corresponding to a set of concentrations of the respective sample gas components.

US Pat. No. 10,557,788

SENSOR

Aqua21 Limited, Edinburg...

1. An apparatus for detecting a concentration of one or more substances in a fluid, the apparatus comprising:a housing arranged to contain the fluid;
a source operable to generate and direct light through the housing, wherein the housing is configured to focus light passing therethrough; and
a detector operable to detect an intensity of light transmitted through the housing,
wherein a distance between the source and the detector is selectively adjustable in dependence upon a substance of the one or more substances to be detected and a wavelength of the light generated by the source.

US Pat. No. 10,557,787

DETECTION OF COMPOUNDS IN MATERIAL SAMPLES UTILIZING A TRANSFORMATION AND SUBSEQUENT DECOMPOSITION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method of detecting a compound in a material sample, the method comprising:generating a transformation from a set of IR spectra of a set of identified chemical compounds, in which the compound is one of the set of identified chemical compounds;
applying the transformation to an IR spectrum of the material sample to form a transformed IR spectrum;
applying a decomposition to the transformed IR spectrum, wherein the decomposition is different than the transformation; and
generating results indicative of a presence or an absence of the compound based on an output of the decomposition.

US Pat. No. 10,557,785

TEST METHOD TO SIMULATE SHALE OIL RECOVERY

ALCHEMY SCIENCES, INC., ...

1. A fracture simulated oil recovery test apparatus comprising:a sleeve, the sleeve positioned within an oven;
an oil saturated matrix positioned within the sleeve;
a proppant pack positioned within the oil saturated matrix, the proppant pack having an inlet an outlet; and
a controller, the controller adapted to control the pressure within the oil saturated matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,557,784

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EXHAUST PARTICULATE MATTER SENSING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A particulate matter (PM) sensor, comprising:a pair of continuous interdigitated electrodes formed on a sensor surface and including two planar, non-interdigitated electrode portions and a plurality of uniformly spaced protruding interdigitated electrode portions, each contiguous with and extending from one of the two planar, non-interdigitated electrode portions, positioned in a staggered arrangement along and directly on the sensor surface, where a plurality of blocks is positioned in between each alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions, wherein each of the plurality of blocks is separated from one another by a first space with no other components therebetween and composed of material that is not conducting, the first space arranged between adjacent blocks, the adjacent blocks arranged between a same alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions, and wherein each alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions is separated from one another by a second space with no components therebetween, the second space arranged between adjacent alternate pairs of the interdigitated electrode portions.

US Pat. No. 10,557,780

BOARD TESTING APPARATUS

DS SMITH PACKAGING LTD, ...

1. A testing machine adapted to carry out a method of non-destructively testing a structural characteristic of a corrugated board, the method comprising the steps ofperforming a non-destructive compression test on a sample region of a corrugated board of a known design,
from said non-destructive compression test, providing a reading of said sample region's compression test characteristic,
comparing that characteristic against a predefined acceptable characteristic that said known design of corrugated board should have, and
concluding as to whether the board, or that region of the board, meets a required compression stiffness parameter,wherein the testing machine comprises:a) a support surface on which the region of the board can lay,
b) a pressure plate with which a testing force can be applied to an opposing side of the board so as to apply a compression force across a thickness of the board towards the support surface,
c) at least one sensor for sensing data, the data comprising a deflection by and a force from the board, and
d) a database or look-up table for checking the sensed data against a predetermined force per deflection parameter for said known design of corrugated board.

US Pat. No. 10,557,777

SAMPLING CONTAINER FOR A REMOTELY OPERATED VEHICLE

Aquabotix Technology Corp...

1. A sampling container apparatus comprising:a motor housing comprising a motor configured to rotate at least one magnet around a drift shaft of the motor;
a magnetic plate configured to magnetically couple to the at least one magnet of the motor housing, the magnetic plate configured to rotate in unison with the at least one magnet of the motor housing;
a shroud housing configured to enclose at least some of the motor housing and the magnetic plate;
a sample container housing configured to be placed within the shroud housing and mechanically connected to the magnetic plate, the sample container housing including
a tank configured to hold a sample within an interior chamber, the tank including a first end having a first opening to the interior chamber and a second end having a second opening to the interior chamber, and
a plunger having a shaft positioned within the interior chamber, the plunger having a first cup at a first end configured to seal the first opening of the tank and a second cup at a second end configured to seal the second opening of the tank, the shaft connected to the first end and the second end of the plunger and configured to pull the first end and second end of the plunger toward each other;
a first retainer plate located above the first end of the tank, the first retainer plate including
a first plunger window configured to enable the first cup of the plunger to pass through, and
a first travel channel connected to the first plunger window, the first travel channel having a width that is larger than the shaft and smaller than the first cup of the plunger; and
a second retainer plate located below the second end of the tank, the second retainer plate including
a second plunger window configured to enable the second cup of the plunger to pass through, and
a second travel channel connected to the second plunger window, the second travel channel having a width that is larger than the shaft and smaller than the second cup of the plunger,
wherein the first and second retainer plates are configured to retain the plunger in an open position until the sample container housing is rotated by the motor, causing the sample container housing including the plunger to rotate relative to the first and second retainer plates along the first and second travel channels such that the first cup passes through the first plunger window and the second cup passes through the second plunger window when the cups are aligned with the respective windows, thereby enabling the plunger to actuate to a closed position and causing the first cup to seal the first opening of the tank and the second cup to seal the second opening of the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,557,773

FIXTURELESS LENSMETER SYSTEM

JAND, INC., New York, NY...

1. A method of operating a lensmeter system, comprising:capturing, with a camera of the lensmeter system, a first image of a pattern through a corrective lens that is in contact with the pattern;
determining, with a computing device of the lensmeter system, a size of the corrective lens based on the first image and the pattern;
capturing, with the camera, a second image of the pattern through the corrective lens while the corrective lens is at an intermediate position between the camera and the pattern;
determining, with the computing device, a distortion, attributable to the corrective lens, of the pattern in the second image, using the determined size of the corrective lens; and
measuring, with the computing device, at least one characteristic of the corrective lens based on the determined distortion.

US Pat. No. 10,557,771

TEST CYLINDER OF VALVE ASSEMBLY AND CONNECTION STRUCTURE FOR THE SAME

Globe Union Industrial Co...

1. A test cylinder of a valve assembly being mounted a body of the valve assembly, the body including a holder, and the holder comprising an accommodation chamber, a bottom fence formed in the accommodation chamber, and a cold-water inlet and a hot-water inlet which are defined on the bottom fence and respectively communicate with a cold-water inflow pipe and a hot-water inflow pipe of the body; the accommodation chamber having a first mixing-water outlet and a second mixing-water outlet which are arranged on a bottom of the accommodation chamber and individually communicate with a first outflow pipe and a second outflow pipe;the test cylinder including a peripheral fence, a first orifice formed on a first segment of the peripheral fence, and an edge fence closing a second segment of the peripheral fence; a first cavity defined between the peripheral fence and the edge fence and communicating with the first orifice, wherein the peripheral fence has at least one second orifice formed thereon proximate to the first orifice, a second cavity defined between an external surround portion of the first segment and an internal surround portion of the accommodation chamber and communicating with the at least one second orifice, the first mixing-water outlet, and the second mixing-water outlet;
wherein in a first fixing direction, the first segment of the test cylinder is engaged in the accommodation chamber, such that the accommodation chamber is closed, the cold-water inlet and the hot-water inlet communicate with each other by way of the first orifice and the first cavity, and the first mixing-water outlet and the second mixing-water outlet are in communication with each other by using the at least one second orifice and the second cavity so that the cold-water inflow pipe, the hot-water inflow pipe, the first outflow pipe, and the second outflow pipe form a first closed pipe system; the edge fence has a closing portion extending from an outer wall thereof and has a conduit defined in the edge fence; in a second fixing direction, the second segment of the test cylinder is engaged in the accommodation chamber or the closing portion matingly engages one of the cold-water inlet and the hot-water inlet, hence the cold-water inlet or the hot-water inlet does not communicate with the accommodation chamber of the body so that one of the cold-water inflow pipe and the hot-water inflow pipe forms a second closed pipe system; the other of the cold-water inlet and the hot-water inlet communicates with the first mixing-water outlet and the second mixing-water outlet by way of the conduit and the second cavity so that the other of the cold-water inflow pipe and the hot-water inflow pipe forms a third closed pipe system by using the body, the first outflow pipe, and the second outflow pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,557,763

RAPID AND WIRELESS SCREENING AND HEALTH MONITORING OF MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES

The Florida International...

1. A system for screening and health monitoring of materials, the system comprising:a material embedded with magneto-electric nanoparticles (MENs);
a conductive coil disposed at a target position on a surface of the material;
a power source electrically connected to the conductive coil; and
an analyzer configured to detect whether a structural defect is present in the material by detecting magnetic characteristics of the conductive coil and using BH-looper magnetometry.

US Pat. No. 10,557,762

STRAIN/FORCE SENSOR DEVICE FOR MONITORING WEAR ON OVERHEAD LINES

Hottinger Baldwin Messtec...

1. A device for monitoring wear on an overhead line, comprising a force measurement system comprising:two contact bars oriented at a right angle to the overhead line;
two connection bars having first and second end portions which are oriented in parallel relation to the overhead line and pushed upwards to thereby press the two contact bars against the overhead line at a predefined force; and
bar-shaped force transducers respectively arranged at the first and second end portions of the two connection bars for arrangement of strain sensors, each said force transducer having first and second end portions, wherein
the first end portion of two first ones of the force transducers is connected to one of the contact bars,
the first end portion of two second ones of the force transducers is connected to another one of the contact bars,
the second end portion of one of the first ones of the force transducers is connected to the first end portion of one of the connection bars,
the second end portion of another one of the first ones of the force transducers is connected to the first end portion of another one of the connection bars,
the second end portion of one of the second ones of the force transducers is connected to the second end portion of another one of the connection bars,
the second end portion of the other one of the second ones of the force transducers is connected to the second end portion of the one of the connection bars,
the one of the first ones of the force transducers and the other one of the second ones of the force transducers defining a longitudinal axis which extends in a direction of a longitudinal axis defined by the one of the connection bars, and the other one of the first ones of the force transducers and the one of the second ones of the force transducers defining a longitudinal axis which extends in a direction of a longitudinal axis defined by the other one of the connection bars, said longitudinal axes of the force transducers extending in a travel direction of a rail vehicle in contact with the overhead line.

US Pat. No. 10,557,761

FIBRE-OPTIC SENSING

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method of processing strain measurement signals, the method comprising:receiving a first measured signal representing a first received backscattered optical signal in respect of a first sensor, the first measured signal having a first phase signal associated therewith;
receiving a second measured signal representing a second received backscattered optical signal in respect of a second sensor, the second measured signal having a second phase signal associated therewith that constitutes a consolidation of the first phase signal and an additional phase signal, wherein the additional phase signal is present in and unrecoverable from the first measured signal;
determining the first phase signal from the first measured signal;
processing the first phase signal;
determining the second phase signal from the second measured signal, wherein the first phase signal and the additional phase signal are inseparable from one another in the phase domain;
processing the second phase signal to obtain the additional phase signal; and
constructing a strain measurement signal using the processed first phase signal and the additional phase signal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,760

THIN FILM STRAIN GAUGE

STRAIN MEASUREMENT DEVICE...

1. An open-face strain gauge, comprising:a substrate;
at least one dielectric layer disposed on top of the substrate;
a thin film electrical circuit disposed on top of the at least one dielectric layer and having at least two input terminals and at least two output terminals;
at least one layer disposed on top of the electrical circuit;
the at least one dielectric layer forming a first moisture resistant seal on one side of the electrical circuit, the at least one layer forming a second moisture resistant seal on a second side of the electrical circuit opposite the first side, the first and second moisture resistant seals having structure such that:
in a first instance prior to exposure of the strain gauge to an autoclave cycle, the electrical circuit is productive of a first output voltage on the output terminals in response to a first input voltage on the input terminals; and
in a second instance subsequent to exposure of the strain gauge to at least 10 autoclave cycles, the electrical circuit is productive of a second output voltage on the output terminals in response to a second input voltage on the input terminals, the second input voltage being equal to the first input voltage, and the second output voltage being equal to or greater than 0.85 times the first output voltage and equal to or less than 1.15 times the first output voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,557,759

SENSOR ELEMENT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A sensor element, comprising:a first supporting layer, comprising a first supporting surface;
a second supporting layer, comprising a second supporting surface, the second supporting layer connected to the first supporting layer, wherein a Young's modulus of the first supporting layer is greater than a Young's modulus of the second supporting layer; and
a strain gauge, comprising a sensing area, the sensing area covering at least a portion of the first supporting surface and at least a portion of the second supporting surface, wherein the sensing area of the strain gauge comprises a first end and a second end opposite to the first end, and a boundary line is formed between the first supporting surface and the second supporting surface and locates between the first end and the second end, wherein a junction of the first supporting layer and the second supporting layer conformally forms a continual surface, wherein the first supporting layer and the second supporting layer are located on a same side of the continual surface, the strain gauge and the first supporting layer are located on opposite sides of the continual surface, and the strain gauge and the second supporting layer are located on the opposite sides of the continual surface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,758

NON-CONTACT MAGNETOSTRICTIVE SENSOR WITH GAP COMPENSATION FIELD

General Electric Company,...

1. A sensor assembly, comprising:a housing including a proximal portion and a distal portion;
a drive sensor head including
a first support having a first arm oriented with respect to a central axis extending through the drive sensor head, the first support including a drive element configured to induce a first magnetic flux that travels through a target;
a second support having a second arm;
a third support having a third arm;
a fourth support having a fourth arm;
a fifth support having a fifth arm;
the drive sensor head including at least one detection element coupled to each of the second, third, fourth, and fifth supports, wherein each of the at least one detection elements is configured to detect the first magnetic flux;
a first proximity sensor head having a first proximity arm and a first proximity sensor element coupled to a distal end of the first proximity arm, the first proximity sensor element located at a first fixed position relative to the at least one detection element; and
a second proximity sensor head having a second proximity arm and a second proximity sensor element coupled to a distal end of the second proximity arm, the second proximity sensor element located at a second fixed position relative to the at least one detection element, wherein the first proximity sensor head and the second proximity sensor head are positioned opposite and equidistant from the drive sensor head, and the first proximity sensor element and the second proximity sensor element are configured to generate a second magnetic flux that travels through the target and a raw proximity signal corresponding to a gap distance between the first arm and the target.

US Pat. No. 10,557,754

SPECTROMETRY IN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT USING A PHOTONIC BANDGAP STRUCTURE

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A An encapsulated package comprising:an integrated circuit (IC) die;
sensors the IC die, the sensors configured to receive electromagnetic energy and to generate signals in response to the electromagnetic energy;
a filter structure including: a first region configured to pass a first band of the electromagnetic energy to the sensors or to block the first band of the electromagnetic energy from passing to the sensors; and a second region configured to pass a second band of the electromagnetic energy to the sensors or to block the second band of the electromagnetic energy from passing to the sensors; and
an encapsulation material encapsulating the IC die, the sensors and the filter structure, in which the filter structure includes a diffusion of particles within the encapsulation material, the encapsulation material having a first intrinsic property, and the particles having a second intrinsic property that is different from the first intrinsic property.

US Pat. No. 10,557,751

METHOD, PROGRAM, CUMULATIVE RECEIVED-LIGHT AMOUNT ESTIMATION APPARATUS, AND HEALTH CARE SYSTEM USING SOLAR RADIATION AMOUNT INFORMATION CORRESPONDING TO POSITION INFORMATION OF A DEVICE AND TIME INFORMATION

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a device, position information of the device via a wireless signal, and time information;
obtaining solar radiation amount information corresponding to the position information and the time information, the solar radiation amount information indicating an amount of solar radiation corresponding to the position information of the device and the time information;
obtaining a corrected received-light amount by correcting the amount of solar radiation, based on a radio field reception intensity of the wireless signal that includes the position information, the amount of solar radiation being indicated by the solar radiation amount information; and
obtaining, by the device, a cumulative value of amounts of light which a user of the device has been exposed to, using the corrected received-light amount.

US Pat. No. 10,557,748

WIRELESS SCALE AND RELEASE SYSTEM FOR SECURED CONTENT

Secure Scale Holding LLC,...

1. An object weighing and release system comprising:a) a scale configured to measure a weight of the object;
b) an automated release mechanism adjoined to the scale, wherein the automated release mechanism allows for release of the object at a release location;
c) an input device configured to receive an input;
d) a display, attached to the scale;
e) a mobile communication device within the scale;
f) a mobile processor in functional communication with the scale, the automated release mechanism, the input device, the display, and the mobile communication device; and
g) an energy storage device having a power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,557,743

REDUCTION OF POWER PEAKS IN THE SPECTRUM OF THE MEAN POWER OF FILL LEVEL MEASURING DEVICES

VEGA GRIESHABER KG, Wolf...

1. A fill level measuring device for determining a level of a filling material in a vessel using a frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) signal, the fill level measuring device comprising:a high-frequency circuit configured to generate a transmission signal, wherein the transmission signal has at least one frequency ramp;
a transmission apparatus configured to emit the transmission signal towards the filling material; and
evaluation circuitry configured to determine the level of the filling material on the basis of the transmission signal reflected by the filling material,
wherein the at least one frequency ramp has a minimal frequency fmin and a maximal frequency fmax,
wherein, when determining the fill level, the evaluation circuitry is configured to take account exclusively of a part of the reflected transmission signal having frequencies within a fundamental frequency interval, and
wherein a minimal frequency of the fundamental frequency interval is greater than the minimal frequency fmin of the at least one frequency ramp and/or a maximal frequency of the fundamental frequency interval is smaller than the maximal frequency fmax of the at least one frequency ramp.

US Pat. No. 10,557,742

SYSTEM, DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MONITORING THE LIQUID VOLUME IN A HYDRATION PACK

1. A system for monitoring an amount of fluid in a hydration unit having a fluid outlet, comprising:a monitoring unit comprising:
a fluid chamber;
an inlet port attachable to a fluid outlet of a hydration unit;
an outlet port for attachment to a feed tube;
a pressure sensor mounted to the monitoring unit and in pressure communication with the fluid chamber; and
a tilt sensor operable to determine an angle of tilt of the hydration unit;
a controller in use coupled to the pressure sensor and to the tilt sensor, for obtaining a pressure sensor signal therefrom, the controller being operable to determine from the pressure sensor signal an indication of a volume of fluid in the hydration unit, and to calibrate pressure measurements based on the angle of tilt determined;
a user interface coupled to the controller and operable to provide an indication of the volume of fluid in the hydration unit; and
a valve for preventing back pressure being introduced into the chamber from a feed tube, wherein the valve is disposed in the monitoring unit and is electronically controlled by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,557,741

FLUID LEVEL VISUALIZATION SYSTEMS

Trico Corp., Pewaukee, W...

1. A sight gauge assembly for displaying a fluid level of an object, the sight gauge assembly comprising:a first connection member comprising a first tap defining a first bore therethrough and configured to extend through a housing of the object, and a body comprising a first side comprising a first port defining a first passageway, a face comprising a second port defining a second passageway, a second side opposite the first side and comprising a third port defining a third passageway, and an end orthogonal to the first side and the second side and opposite the first tap and comprising a fourth port defining a fourth passageway fluidly connected to the first bore, the first passageway fluidly connected to the second passageway and the first bore through an interior of the body, the second passageway configured to fluidly communicate with the first bore and a first accessory, wherein the face is orthogonal to the first side and the second side and the face is angled relative to the end;
a second connection member comprising a second tap defining a second bore therethrough and configured to extend through the housing of the object, and a body comprising a first passageway fluidly connected to the second bore through an interior of the body of the second connection member; and
a sight tube defining a hollow interior, the sight tube coupling to the first connection member and the second connection member to define a first flow path through the hollow interior of the sight tube between the first bore and the first passageway of the first connection member and the first passageway and the second bore of the second connection member.

US Pat. No. 10,557,738

EXTERNAL FUEL METERING VALVE WITH SHUTTLE MECHANISM

1. An external fuel metering valve, comprising:a main valve body;
a valve cap coupled to the main valve body;
a chamber, including:
a first portion defined in the main valve body; and
a second portion defined in the valve cap, axially aligned with the first portion;
a control space including a port providing for fluid communication between the control space and the chamber;
a shuttle movably positioned in the chamber, the shuttle including:
an inlet flow passage in fluid communication with an inlet of the main valve body; and
an outlet flow passage in fluid communication with an outlet of the valve cap; and
a plurality of seals each positioned on a corresponding outer circumferential portion of the shuttle so as to selectively engage a corresponding inner peripheral portion of the chamber, wherein
in a first position of the shuttle in the chamber, a discharge flow path from the control space through the outlet flow passage and the outlet of the valve cap is open; and
in a second position of the shuttle in the chamber, a filling flow path from the inlet of the main valve body through the inlet flow passage and into the control space is open.

US Pat. No. 10,557,737

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR A SMART WATER BOTTLE CONVERTER

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICH...

1. A method for tracking liquid consumption, the method comprising:detecting, by one or more processors, one or more orientations of a liquid container;
identifying that a sip from the liquid container has been taken by a user based on the detected one or more orientations of the liquid container;
identifying one or more characteristics of the sip;
analyzing the identified sip and the one or more characteristics of the sip to determine an estimate of a liquid consumption metric for the user, including determining an estimate of a volume of liquid consumed by the user based on a time ratio for a rising portion of the sip and a falling portion of the sip; and
transmitting the identified sip and the one or more characteristics of the sip to one or more computing devices via a communication network for storage.

US Pat. No. 10,557,734

AIRFLOW SENSOR FOR A HEAT SINK

International Business Ma...

1. A method for determining airflow through a heat sink in an electronic system, the method comprising:(A) providing a heat sink for an electronic component, the heat sink comprising:
a first thermally-conductive fin;
a second thermally-conductive fin substantially parallel to and underlying the first thermally-conductive fin and thermally coupled to the first thermally-conductive fin;
an airflow sensor comprising:
an electrically conductive strip coupled to a bottom surface of the first thermally-conductive fin, wherein the conductive strip comprises a first electrical point of contact;
a base portion coupled to a top surface of the second thermally-conductive fin, the base portion having a second electrical point of contact; and
a deformable upper portion electrically coupled to the base portion, wherein the deformable upper portion contacts the electrically conductive strip at a first contact point when there is no airflow, wherein airflow deforms the deformable upper portion so the deformable upper portion contacts the conductive strip at a second contact point farther away from a source of the airflow, and measurement is made between the first and second electrical points of contact to determine airflow through the airflow sensor;
(B) selecting an airflow;
(C) running the selected airflow over the heat sink;
(D) measuring electrical resistance between the first and second electrical points of contact;
(E) recording the measured electrical resistance as correlating to the selected airflow;
(F) repeating steps (B) through (E) for a plurality of airflows;
(G) storing the measured electrical resistance for the plurality of airflows as airflow sensor characterization data;
(H) monitoring and logging performance of the electronic system;
(I) monitoring and logging readings of the airflow sensor corresponding to the logged performance of the electronic system; and
(J) converting the logged readings of the airflow sensor to airflows using the airflow sensor characterization data.

US Pat. No. 10,557,733

MULTI-CHANNEL ULTRASONIC FLOW METER

QINGDAO HIWITS METER CO.,...

1. A multi-channel ultrasonic flowmeter, comprising transducer assemblies (21, 22, 23, 24) and a pipe housing (10), wherein flanges (4) are separately arranged at two ends of the pipe housing (10) and are provided with bolt holes (41), and four transducer assembly installation holes (9) are formed in the two ends of the pipe housing (10) close to the flanges (4);each said transducer assembly comprises two transducers (7) and a stationary post (1), wherein two first installation holes (103) are formed in a middle of the stationary post (1), and the two transducers (7) are installed in the first installation holes (103);
each said transducer assembly further comprises a circular compression piece (6) and an elastic ring (601); protrusions (61) extending outwards in a radial direction are symmetrically formed on two sides of each said circular compression piece (6), first installation faces (205) are formed in the first installation holes (103), bosses are arranged at transmitting ends of the transducers (7), other ends of the transducers (7) are attached to the first installation faces (205), the circular compression pieces (6) are installed in the first installation holes (103), and the protrusions (61) and the elastic rings (601) are installed in the first installation holes (103);
first sealing gaskets (8) are arranged between the first installation faces (205) and the transducers (7);
upper portions of the stationary posts (1) are provided with first cylindrical bodies (109), lower portions of the stationary posts (1) are provided with flat key-shaped protrusions (105) extending in an axial direction, first positioning step surfaces (106) are formed between the flat key-shaped protrusions (105) and the stationary posts (1), the transducer assembly installation holes (9) comprise first round holes (901) and key grooves (902), the first round holes (901) are formed in upper portions of the transducer assembly installation holes (9), bottom ends of the transducer assembly installation holes (9) are formed with the key grooves (902) and are provided with second positioning step surfaces (903), and the key grooves (902) are matched with the flat key-shaped protrusions (105):
the upper portions of the transducer assembly installation holes (9) are broached to form second round holes (905), and third positioning step surfaces (908) are formed between the second round holes (905) and the first round holes (901);
the multi-channel ultrasonic flowmeter further comprises second sealing rings (12), polytetrafluoroethylene gaskets (14), disc springs (13) and compression rings (11), the compression rings (11) are in threaded connection with the second round holes (905) and sequentially press the polytetrafluoroethylene gaskets (14) and the disc springs (13) against upper end faces of the stationary posts (1) and the third positioning step surfaces (908), circular grooves (904) are formed in the first round holes (901), and the second sealing rings (12) are arranged in the circular grooves (904);
the multi-channel ultrasonic flowmeter comprises a circuit box (5) arranged outside the pipe housing (10), an integrator is arranged in the circuit box (5), a wire hole (101) and four wiring holes (100) are formed in the pipe housing (10), the wire hole (101) is perpendicular to the pipe housing (10) and is communicated with the circuit box (5), the four transducer assembly installation holes (9) are communicated with the wire hole (101) via the four wiring holes (100), and wire guide holes (104) are formed in the upper portions of the stationary posts (1) and are communicated with the first installation holes (103).

US Pat. No. 10,557,732

FLOWMETERS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

Cameron International Cor...

1. A flowmeter body assembly, comprising:a flowmeter body;
a fluid passage extending through the flowmeter body; and
a plurality of angled connectors extending from a sidewall of the flowmeter body, wherein the flowmeter body and the plurality of angled connectors form a one-piece structure that is devoid of welded joints, and each of the plurality of angled connectors is configured to support a respective sensor to enable measurement of a flow rate of a fluid across at least one chordal plane of the flowmeter body.

US Pat. No. 10,557,730

ALTERNATING MAGNETIC FIELD FLOW METERS WITH EMBEDDED QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CONTROL

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method of characterizing a fluid flow by an alternating magnetic field flow meter, the method comprising:determining a flow rate of a fluid flowing through a conduit by:
generating a first magnetic field to move a magnetic token along a direction of a flow path of a fluid flowing through a conduit;
detecting a first electrical signal based on the movement of the magnetic token along the direction of the flow path;
generating a second magnetic field to move the magnetic token opposite to the direction of the flow path;
detecting a second electrical signal based on the movement of the magnetic token opposite to the direction of the flow path; and
determining the flow rate of the fluid flow based on the detected first electrical signal and the detected second electrical signal, and
determining a conductivity of the fluid flowing through the conduit by:
generating a current along the flow path of the fluid flowing through the conduit;
detecting a third electrical signal based on the current generated along the flow path; and
determining a conductivity measurement of the fluid flow based on the detected third electrical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,728

SENSOR MOUNT

MICROTECNICA S.R.L., Tur...

13. A hall effect sensor comprising a magnet, a detector and a mount; wherein the mount comprising:a first mount part for mounting a sensor part; wherein the first mount part is an inner or a central mount part, and
a second mount part for mounting the first mount part; wherein the second mount part is an outer mount part;
wherein a first adjustment mechanism is provided to adjust the first mount part relative to the second mount part and a second adjustment mechanism is provided to adjust the second mount part relative to a support;
wherein at least one of the first adjustment mechanism and the second adjustment mechanism is a discrete vernier adjustment mechanism;
wherein the discrete vernier adjustment mechanism comprises a first array of first alignment features being spaced apart by a first spacing and a second array of second alignment features being spaced apart by a second spacing different from the first spacing, the arrays being arranged such that alignment of a selected one of the first alignment features with a selected one of the second alignment features defines the adjustment of the discrete vernier adjustment mechanism;
wherein the selected first alignment feature is arranged to be fixed in alignment with the selected second alignment feature so as to prevent or restrict relative movement of one array relative to the other; and
wherein one of the magnet and the detector is mounted in the first mount part and is adjustable relative to the other of the magnet and detector.

US Pat. No. 10,557,726

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING ANGLE ERROR FOR MAGNETIC FIELD ANGLE SENSORS

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A magnetic field angle sensor to detect a direction of a magnetic field comprising:a first bridge structure configured to generate a first sinusoidal signal indicative of the magnetic field along a first axis and a first cosinusoidal signal indicative of the magnetic field along a second axis that is orthogonal with respect to the first axis; and
a second bridge structure configured to generate a second sinusoidal signal indicative of the magnetic field along a third axis and a second cosinusoidal signal indicative of the magnetic field along a fourth axis that is orthogonal with respect to the third axis, wherein an angle between the first axis and the third axis is a factor of 90°; and
a circuit responsive to the first sinusoidal signal, the first cosinusoidal signal, the second sinusoidal signal, and the second cosinusoidal signal for computing an output signal indicative of the direction of the magnetic field;
wherein the circuit comprises an arctangent processor to compute a first arctangent of the first sinusoidal signal and the first cosinusoidal signal and to compute a second arctangent of the second sinusoidal signal and the second cosinusoidal signal; and
wherein the circuit further comprises a differencing element configured to subtract the angle between the first axis and the third axis from the second arctangent to generate a third arctangent.

US Pat. No. 10,557,724

ANGLE DETECTION OF A ROTATING SYSTEM USING A SINGLE MAGNET AND MULTIPLE HALL SENSORS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An angular detection system comprising:a stationary component;
a rotating component, wherein the rotating component is capable of rotating relative to the stationary component;
a magnet located on one of the stationary component or the rotating component, where the magnet generates a plurality of magnetic flux lines;
a plurality of sensors located on the other of the stationary component and the rotating component, where the plurality of sensors is placed along a motion path of the magnet,
wherein the plurality of sensors senses the plurality of magnetic flux lines and generates one or more signals indicative of the sensed plurality of magnetic flux lines; and
logic that determines an angle of rotation of the angular detection system based on the one or more signals.

US Pat. No. 10,557,722

SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF THE POSITION INDICATOR OF A POSITION MEASURING SYSTEM

NM Numerical Modelling Gm...

1. A system comprising:a sensor chip comprising a plurality, r, of magnetic field sensors,
a rotationally moveable or linearly displaceable position indicator having a magnet configured to produce a periodically changing magnetic field at the locations of the magnetic field sensors when the magnet is moved or displaced, respectively, and
a position measuring system operated in two modes, a first mode and a second mode, the first mode being a calibration mode and the second mode being a measurement mode, the position measuring system operated at first in the calibration mode and then in the measurement mode;
the calibration mode of operation configured to determine a calibration matrix M, the calibration matrix M being a 2×n matrix, using one of:
A) (1) detecting the sensor signals ak1 to akr of the magnetic field sensors for a predetermined number of k=1 to m?3 positions of the position indicator,
(2) forming m signal vectors ak=(ak1, . . . , akr) from the sensor signals with k=1 to m,
(3) forming m measurement vectors qk with k=1 to m according to a predetermined function g to qk=g(ak),
(4) forming a matrix Q according to

 and
(5) determining the matrix M from the matrix Q in such a way, that the transformation p=M·q is a linear mapping, which maps each of the m measurement vectors qk on a 2-component vector pk, wherein the tips of the vectors pk substantially lie on a circle or on a circular arc,or:B) (1) setting an index i=0 and configuring a predetermined starting matrix M(0), the matrix M(0) being a 2×n matrix,
(2) detecting and storing a plurality of measurement vectors q according to the steps A and B of the measurement mode of operation,
(3) repeatedly executing the following steps:
(a) setting the calibration matrix M to M=M(i)
(b) increasing the index i by 1,
(c) calculating the positions ? of the stored measurement vectors q according to the steps C and D of the measurement mode of operation,
(d) selecting a number of k=1 to m of the stored measurement vectors qk, the corresponding positions ?k of which fulfill a predetermined criterion,
(e) forming a matrix Q according to

(f) determining a new matrix M(i) from the matrix Q in such a way, that the transformation p=M·q is a linear mapping, which maps each of the m selected measurement vectors qk on a 2-component vector pk,
until the matrix M(i) within a predetermined tolerance no longer differs from the matrix M(i?1), whereby the tips of the vectors pk with increasing index i substantially come to lie on a circle or on a circular arc; and
the measurement mode of operation configured to use the calibration matrix M to repeatedly determine a position ? of the position indicator by:
(A) detecting the sensor signals a1 to ar of the magnetic field sensors and forming a signal vector a=(a1, . . . , ar),
(B) forming a measurement vector q according to the predetermined linear function g to q=g(a), wherein the measurement vector q has a number of n components, with 2?n?r,
(C) calculating a vector p=M·q, wherein p is a 2-component vector with the components p1 and p2, and
(D) determining the position ? by means of a predetermined function ƒ(p) to ?=ƒ(p),
wherein the predetermined function ƒ(p)=ƒ(p1,p2) is based on the equations p1=cos(?) and p2=sin(?).

US Pat. No. 10,557,721

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ANONYMISING SMART METERING DATA

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A smart meter comprising:an input port;
an output port; and
a processor configured to,
obtain through the input port, at each time point of a series of points in time, first data representing an amount of a utility provided by a utility provider and consumed by a consumer since a preceding time point in the series of points in time;
periodically scramble after predetermined periods of time the first data to over-represent or under-represent the consumed amount of the utility for anonymization of the first data, and to generate second data representative of the scrambled first data,
determine if a deviation between a value of said first data at a first point in time and corresponding second data at the first point in time exceeds a predetermined threshold,
when it is determined that a deviation between a value of said first data at the first point in time and corresponding second data at the first point in time exceeds the predetermined threshold, alter over or under-representation of the first data in generation of the second data so that the second data obtained at a second point in time subsequent to the first point in time converge with the first data and so that at the predetermined periods of time or at the end of a predetermined period, the second data correctly represent long term consumption of the utility, and
sending the second data to the utility provider using the output port.

US Pat. No. 10,557,720

UNAUTHORIZED ELECTRICAL GRID CONNECTION DETECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

PACIFIC GAS AND ELECTRIC ...

1. A computer-implemented method of monitoring unauthorized electrical grid access comprising:operating a hardware system with at least one processor executing instructions from a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium of an electrical grid access detection system, the instructions causing the at least one processor to:
receive data from an electrical connection to an electrical component of the electric grid;
retrieve customer energy data from at least one energy delivery server comprising one or more customer records of a customer's coupling to one or more energy delivery systems or networks;
determine a net energy metering (NEM) status by establishing an indicator of net energy metering (NEM) access to the customer from the customer energy data;
determine solar status by determining if the customer is a solar customer from the customer energy data;
determine system size of the customer from the customer energy data,
wherein system size determination includes at least one of: calculating a maximum export demand within a two month period; calculating a ratio between a maximum export demand and a recorded system size retrieved from the server for a net energy metering (NEM) customer; ranking the customer using a ratio between a maximum export demand and a recorded system size retrieved from the server for a net energy metering (NEM) customer and removing the top 1%; and calculating a demand/adjusted factor input variable; and
prepare a determination of unauthorized interconnection of the customer based at least in part on the analysis of system size, solar status, and the customer's net energy metering (NEM) status.

US Pat. No. 10,557,718

AUXILIARY CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

Haoxiang Electric Energy ...

1. An auxiliary control method for an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), comprising steps of:based on a flight attitude and a flight speed of the UAV, predicting a flight path of the UAV in a scheduled time; and
providing information about the flight path of the UAV in the scheduled time to an operator of the UAV;
wherein: when the operator of the UAV controls the UAV, the flight path of the UAV in the scheduled time is predicted further based on a rudder degree of the UAV and operation information for controlling a wireless remote controller of the UAV from the operator of the UAV.

US Pat. No. 10,557,716

AUDIBLE ROUTE SEQUENCE FOR NAVIGATION GUIDANCE

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method comprising:determining, by a user apparatus and via one or more location sensors, a user location;
determining, by the user apparatus, a distance aspect for one or more waypoints, wherein (a) the one or more waypoints are identified based on map data of a geographic database, (b) the one or more waypoints define at least part of a route to a destination location, and (c) the distance aspect of a first waypoint is a distance between the first waypoint and the user location;
determining, by the user apparatus, a directional aspect for one or more waypoints, wherein the directional aspect of a first waypoint is an angle between a line connecting the user location to the first waypoint and a reference heading;
determining, by the user apparatus, a cadence based on distances between consecutive waypoints of the route;
determining, by the user apparatus, a route sequence based on the distance aspects for the one or more waypoints, the directional aspects for the one or more waypoints, and the cadence, wherein (a) each waypoint is assigned an audible pitch, (b) a volume assigned to the audible pitch for the first waypoint is determined based on the distance aspect corresponding to the first waypoint, (c) a direction assigned to the audible pitch for the first waypoint is determined based on the directional aspect corresponding to the first waypoint; and
causing, by the user apparatus, the route sequence to be audibly provided via a sound device.

US Pat. No. 10,557,715

CREATING ROUTE BASED ON IMAGE ANALYSIS OR REASONING

International Business Ma...

1. A method of identifying a route for a user based on satellite imagery analysis, comprising:identifying a destination for the user;
identifying special needs of the user;
obtaining satellite imagery of a specified area and storing the satellite imagery in a database;
a navigation system,
using GPS location software to determine the user's current location,
identifying a plurality of candidate routes for the user to the destination,
using image recognition and extrapolation software to get image data from the satellite imagery,
checking for the special needs of the user,
using a plurality of common variables and a plurality of special variables based on the special needs of the user to determine a best route for the user to the destination, wherein each of the variables has a weight based on the special needs of the user, and including
using the variables, in an order of highest to lowest priority, to analyze, through the image recognition and extrapolation software, to generate a score for each of the candidate routes, and
presenting to the user the one of the candidate routes with a best of the scores.

US Pat. No. 10,557,713

GENERATION OF TRIP ESTIMATES USING REAL-TIME DATA AND HISTORICAL DATA

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:for each sequential time period, iteratively training a real-time model for estimating a trip duration of a trip within a next time period based on characteristics of the trip and training a selector model for predicting an estimated trip duration of a trip by:
identifying a first training window occurring within a current time period;
identifying a first set of completed trips associated with the first training window, each trip having a known duration and characteristics;
training the real-time model to predict trip duration based on the first set of completed trips;
identifying a second training window occurring after the first training window and within the current time period;
identifying a second set of completed trips associated with the second training window, each trip having a known duration and characteristics;
generating a set of estimated trip durations of the trips in the second set of completed trips using a historical model;
generating a set of estimated trip durations of the trips in the second set of completed trips using the real-time model;
training the selector model to predict an estimated trip duration based on the set of estimated trip durations generated by the real-time model and the set of estimated trip durations generated by the historical model;
receiving a request to estimate a duration of a new trip during the next time period;
generating a first estimated trip duration of the new trip by applying characteristics of the new trip to the real-time model;
generating a second estimated trip duration of the new trip by applying characteristics of the new trip to the historical model; and
determining, by the selector model, the new trip duration based on the first estimated trip duration and the second estimated trip duration.

US Pat. No. 10,557,710

DUAL-AXIS ULTRA-ROBUST ROTATION RATE SENSOR FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

Robert Bosch GMBH, Stutt...

1. A rotation rate sensor, comprising:a substrate having a main plane of extension;
at least one first rotation rate sensor structure for detecting a first rotation rate of the rotation rate sensor about an axis that is essentially in parallel to a first axis extending in parallel to the main plane of extension;
at least one second rotation rate sensor structure for detecting a second rotation rate of the rotation rate sensor about an axis that is parallel to a second axis extending perpendicularly with respect to the main plane of extension;
a drive device for deflecting at least one first structure of the first rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate, and at least one second structure of the first rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and with respect to the first structure, and for deflecting at least one third structure of the second rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and at least one fourth structure of the second rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and with respect to the third structure, in such a way that the first, second, third, and fourth structures are excitable into a mechanically coupled oscillation;
wherein the first structure and the fourth structure are excitable into a linear oscillation in phase with respect to one another, and are excitable into an linear oscillation in phase opposition with respect to the second structure and the third structure, in each case with motion components in parallel to a third axis extending perpendicularly with respect to the first axis and perpendicularly with respect to the second axis, the rotation rate sensor being configured in such a way that a first action of force on the first structure and a second action of force on the second structure, in phase opposition with respect to the first action of force, are detectable based on the first rotation rate, and a third action of force on the third structure and a fourth action of force on the fourth structure, in phase opposition with respect to the third action of force, are detectable based on the second rotation rate.

US Pat. No. 10,557,707

ENCODER, DRIVING DEVICE, AND ROBOT APPARATUS

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An encoder comprising:a first sensor that receives a first light via a first index pattern provided in a first rotating member that rotates about an axis line;
a second sensor that receives a second light via a second index pattern provided in a second rotating member that is connected to the first rotating member via a reducer; and
a holding board which holds the first sensor and the second sensor, the holding board having a discontinuous portion that includes an opening or a recess, wherein
a position of the first rotating member in an axial direction of the axis line is different from a position of the second rotating member in the axial direction of the axis line,
one of the first sensor and the second sensor is located at the discontinuous portion and the other of the first sensor and the second sensor is located at a surface of the holding board,
a position of a light receiving part of the first sensor in the axial direction of the axis line is different from a position of a light receiving part of the second sensor in the axial direction of the axis line, and
the light receiving part of the first sensor and the light receiving part of the second sensor oppose the first and the second index patterns.

US Pat. No. 10,557,706

MEASUREMENT PROCESSING DEVICE, X-RAY INSPECTION APPARATUS, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING STRUCTURE, MEASUREMENT PROCESSING METHOD, X-RAY INSPECTION METHOD, MEASUREMENT PROCESSING PROGRAM, AND X-RAY INSPECTION PROGRAM

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A measurement processing device used for an x-ray inspection apparatus that detects an x-ray passing through a predetermined region of a specimen placed on a placement unit to perform an inspection on the shape of the predetermined region of the specimen, the measurement processing device comprising:a setting unit that sets a three-dimensional region to be detected on the specimen; and
a slice selection unit that sets a plurality of sliced regions on the region to be detected, calculates, for each of the plurality of sliced regions, an amount of displacement of the predetermined region that is required to detect the region to be detect when the plurality of sliced regions are regarded as the predetermined region, and selects a sliced region for the inspection from among the plurality of sliced regions on the basis of each of the calculated amounts of displacement.

US Pat. No. 10,557,705

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ENHANCING DEPTH MAPS WITH POLARIZATION CUES

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) capturing a first set of images of an object, which first set of images comprises one or more images;
(b) capturing a second set of images of the object, which second set includes a first polarized image, a second polarized image and a third polarized image, in such a way that the first, second and third polarized images capture light that has been filtered at a first polarizer angle, a second polarizer angle and a third polarizer angle, respectively, the first, second and third polarizer angles being different from each other;
(c) calculating, based on the first set of images, a first depth map of a surface of the object;
(d) calculating, based on the first depth map, a first set of surface normals;
(e) calculating a binary mask, based in part on divergence of the first set of surface normals;
(f) calculating, based on the second set of images, polarization surface normals of the surface; and
(g) performing a computation that (i) is based on the first depth map, the binary mask and the polarization surface normals, (ii) disregards gradients in a first region of the surface, the first region being a region in which degree of polarization is lower than in the rest of the surface, and (iii) calculates a second depth map of the surface, which second depth map is more accurate than the first depth map in part because the gradients in the first region of the surface are disregarded.

US Pat. No. 10,557,703

DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A DISTANCE

Rockwell Automation Limit...

1. A distance measuring device comprising:a light source configured to illuminate an object with emitted light pulses;
at least one photo element configured to capture arriving light pulses comprising a subset of the emitted light pulses back reflected from the object;
a trigger generator configured to control an emission of the emitted light pulses and activate the at least one photo element during integration gates, the integration gates comprising two first integration gates and two second integration gates, wherein
the at least one photo element is configured to output a signal value (U) at an end of respective integration gates of the integration gates, the signal value U being proportional to an energy of light arriving on the at least one photo element during a duration in which the at least one photo element is activated,
the trigger generator is configured to control the emission of the emitted light pulses such that a sequence of the emitted light pulses having a constant pulse duration (Tp) is emitted and a repetition rate of the emitted light pulses is constant,
the sequence of the emitted light pulses comprises four consecutively emitted light pulses that alternate in intensity between a first intensity (Ie,l) and a second intensity (Ie,h) that is greater than the first intensity (Ie,l) to yield a first emitted light pulse having the first intensity (Ie,l), a second emitted light pulse having the second intensity (Ie,h), a third emitted light pulse having the first intensity (Ie,l) and a fourth emitted light pulse having the second intensity (Ie,h),
the trigger generator is configured to activate the at least one photo element such that a first arriving light pulse corresponding to the first emitted light pulse and a second arriving light pulse corresponding to the second emitted light pulse are captured by the at least one photo element within the two first integration gates, respectively, and a third arriving light pulse corresponding to the third emitted light pulse and a fourth arriving light pulse corresponding to the fourth emitted light pulse are captured by the at least one photo element within the two second integration gates, respectively,
first start times of the two first integration gates are delayed relative to first emission start times of the first and second emitted light pulses, respectively, by a first delay time (T1,s),
second start times of the two second integration gates are delayed relative to second emission start times of the third and fourth emitted light pulses, respectively, by a second delay time (T2,s), wherein the second delay time (T2,s) is longer than the first delay time (T1,s); and
a processing unit configured to calculate a distance between the distance measuring device and the object based on a first difference of signal values (U) outputted at ends of the two first integration gates and a second difference of the signal values (U) outputted at ends of the two second integration gates.

US Pat. No. 10,557,701

MEMS TUNABLE VCSEL POWERED SWEPT SOURCE OCT FOR 3D METROLOGY APPLICATIONS

Thorlabs, Inc., Newton, ...

1. An optical probe system for measuring physical and geometrical data from an object comprising:a light source configured to generate light emission over a wavelength range;
a measurement probe configured to deliver a portion of the light emission from the light source as an optical beam to measure the object, and collect the light from the object, the measurement probe having a beam focusing control mechanism;
a reference light generator configured to receive a portion of the light emission from the light source to generate a reference light, the reference light generator having an optical path with adjustable optical delay;
an optical interferometer configured to receive the light from the object collected by the measurement probe and the reference light, and generate interfere fringe signals recorded by a detection system;
a signal processor configured to process the interference fringe signals to obtain an optical delay difference between the light from the object and the reference light, and to obtain a height of the object;
a first control loop configured to control the optical beam focusing conditions in the measurement probe based on the optical delay difference and the height of the object obtained by the signal processor, causing the optical beam to be focused on the object by the beam focusing control mechanism; and
a second control loop configured to control the adjustment of optical delay in the reference light generator based on the optical delay difference obtained by the signal processor, and to change an electronic frequency of the detected signals to be within an optimal electronic frequency detection range of the detection system, and for the signal processor to process the optimized interference fringe signals to obtain the height of the object with improved accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,557,700

DYNAMIC MODE SWITCHING FOR MULTI-MODE OPHTHALMIC OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

Novartis AG, Basel (CH)

1. A method for selectively producing a half-depth OCT image or a full-depth OCT image, based on a swept-source OCT interference signal, the method comprising:selecting from a first sampling rate and a second sampling rate, the second sampling rate being twice the first sampling rate;
selecting from a first sweep rate and a second sweep rate the second sweep rate being half the first;
operating a swept optical source at the selected sweep rate;
sampling the swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) interference signal at the selected sampling rate, using a single k-clock signal having a frequency range corresponding to the first sampling rate, to produce a sampled OCT interference signal, the single k-clock signal produced by a single k-clock; and
processing the sampled OCT interference signal to obtain an OCT image, such that the OCT image is a half-depth image in the event the first sampling rate is selected and a full-depth image in the event the second sampling rate is selected;
wherein said sampling the swept-source OCT interference signal comprises using the single k-clock signal from the single k-clock to sample the swept-source OCT interference signal in either a half-rate mode or a full-rate mode, based on whether the first sampling rate or second sampling rate is selected, wherein the half-rate mode comprises sampling the swept-source OCT interference signal on either every rising edge of the single k-clock signal or every falling edge of the single k-clock signal, but not both, and wherein the full-rate mode comprises sampling the swept-source OCT interference signal on every rising edge and every falling edge of the single k-clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,694

SEAL FOR A PROJECTILE GUIDING KIT AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING AND OPERATION

BAE SYSTEMS ROKAR INTERNA...

1. A device for sealing a projectile guiding kit having a rear unit adapted to be connected at its rear end to a front end of a projectile and a front unit rotatably connectable at its rear end to a front end of the rear unit, the device comprising:an annular body adapted to envelope at least a front portion of the rear unit and at least a rear portion of the front unit of the guiding kit; and
a flexible ring-shaped strip attached to an inner side and close to a front end of the annular body, the ring-shaped strip being adapted to seal a gap between the rear unit and the front unit of the guiding kit at a connection region therebetween;
wherein the annular body is adapted to slide towards the rear unit of the guiding kit when subjected to a longitudinal acceleration that exceeds a predetermined acceleration value, thereby uncovering the gap and enabling uninterrupted rotation of the front unit with respect to the rear unit of the guiding kit.

US Pat. No. 10,557,693

HIGH VOLTAGE EXPLOSIVE ASSEMBLY FOR DOWNHOLE DETONATIONS

Hunting Titan, Inc., Pam...

1. A downhole explosive tool firing assembly comprising two rigid support structures connected by a flexible link comprising:a first support structure for a first circuitry that increases an input voltage;
a second support structure for an electrically active second circuitry charged by said increased input voltage, said second circuitry including a capacitor, switch and an electro-explosive initiator, a barrel for an electro-explosive initiator driven flyer and a secondary explosive, wherein the switch is adapted to cause electrical power to flow from the capacitor to the electro-explosive initiator; and
a flexible, electrically conductive link between said first and second circuitry, wherein the electro-explosive initiator comprises an explosive pellet, a stripper washer, and a flyer, the flyer being initially located between the explosive pellet and the stripper washer, and is adapted to detonate a detonating cord by propelling the flyer into the side of the detonating cord.

US Pat. No. 10,557,688

ACCESSORY MOUNTING ASSEMBLY FOR A FIREARM

LA POLICE GEAR, INC., Va...

1. A mounting system for securing an auxiliary device to a weapon, comprising:a housing having a distal end, an opposing proximal end and a longitudinally extending housing groove extending within an upper surface of the housing;
a first mounting assembly detachably secured to a first side of the housing;
a second mounting assembly fixedly secured to a second side of the housing, the upper surface located between the first and second sides of the housing and where the first mounting assembly moveable in relation to the second mounting assembly; and
a tab slidably located between the first and second mounting assemblies and within the longitudinally extending housing groove, where the slideable tab is configured to adjust placement of the auxiliary device adapting the auxiliary device to the weapon.

US Pat. No. 10,557,687

MODULAR POWERED PLATFORM FOR WEAPON

Wilcox Industries Corp., ...

1. A system for mounting an accessory device on a firearm comprising:a longitudinally extending handguard affixed to the firearm, the handguard configured to support the accessory device, the handguard including an upper portion and a lower portion;
at least one electrical connector disposed on each of the upper portion and the lower portion;
a power supply supported on the handguard;
circuitry disposed between the upper portion and the lower portion, the circuitry including a flexible circuit substrate, the circuitry electrically coupling the power supply to the at least one electrical connector disposed on each of the upper portion and the lower portion;
a lower grenade launcher support platform configured to be interchangeably attached to the upper portion in place of the lower portion, wherein the upper portion and the lower grenade launcher support platform are configured to cooperate with an associated firearm to support a firearm-mounted grenade launcher system; and
an upper grenade launcher support platform configured to be interchangeably attached to the lower grenade launcher support platform in place of the upper portion, wherein the upper grenade launcher support platform and the lower grenade launcher support platform are configured to cooperate, without the firearm, to support a grenade launcher system.

US Pat. No. 10,557,686

SYSTEM INTEGRATION

BAE Systems plc, London ...

1. A method for generating a feasibility display, the method comprising:providing, for use by one or more first processors, a generic test algorithm, the generic test algorithm specifying a set of multiple possible tests for testing feasibility data;
determining, by the one or more first processors configuration data for configuring the generic test algorithm to specify one or more particular tests from the set of multiple possible tests;
uploading the configuration data from the one or more first processors to one or more second processors;
providing, for use by one or more second processors, the feasibility data;
configuring, by the one or more second processors, the same generic test algorithm using the uploaded configuration data, thereby determining the one or more particular tests;
modifying, by the one or more second processors, the feasibility data to satisfy the one or more particular tests, thereby generating modified feasibility data; and
generating, by the one or more second processors, the feasibility display using the modified feasibility data,
wherein the one or more second processors are located on an aircraft,
wherein the one or more first processors are remote from the aircraft,
wherein the aircraft is carrying at least one weapon,
wherein the aircraft further comprises a plurality of sensors, including sensors configured to measure air speed, altitude, and attitude,
wherein configuring, by the one or more second processors, the same generic test algorithm using the uploaded configuration data comprises using data from at least one of the plurality of sensors to determine a current launch condition or conditions, and
wherein the feasibility data is indicative of the feasibility of the at least one weapon carried on the aircraft successfully engaging a target and/or the feasibility of a weapon carried on the target successfully engaging the aircraft.

US Pat. No. 10,557,683

CONTROLLABLE FIRING PATTERN FIREARM SYSTEM

1. A controllable firing pattern firearm system comprising:a firearm;
one or more actuators operatively coupled with the firearm to adjust at least one of a position and orientation of the firearm; and
a controller controlling the one or more actuators to produce a designated firing pattern on a target as the firearm is firing, wherein the designated firing pattern is a spiral firing pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,557,677

MAGAZINE LOADER APPARATUS AND METHOD

1. A magazine loader apparatus comprising:a. a magazine holder wherein said magazine holder is configured to removably hold a magazine and wherein said magazine holder includes a loading chamber configured to receive more than one bullet, wherein bullet includes a front, a middle and a back;
b. a loading arm connected with said magazine holder;
c. a plunger connected with said loading arm wherein said plunger includes a foot and wherein said foot is configured to contact a bullet at the approximate middle of the bullet;
d. a bullet loader wherein said bullet loader is configured to temporarily hold a bullet and wherein said bullet loader is removably connectable with said magazine holder at said loading chamber such that said bullet exits said bullet loader into said loading chamber; and
e. a bullet feed platform removably connectable with said bullet loader wherein said bullet loader includes a top and a bottom and wherein said bullet feed platform is movable within said bullet loader from said top of said bullet loader to said bottom of said bullet loader wherein said bullet feed platform is configured to support said bullet as a bullet is inserted into said bullet loader at said top and to support said bullet to said bottom of said bullet loader.

US Pat. No. 10,557,672

HEAT TRANSFER TUBE HAVING RARE-EARTH OXIDE SUPERHYDROPHOBIC SURFACE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Doosan Heavy Industries C...

1. A method for manufacturing a heat transfer tube having a rare-earth oxide superhydrophobic surface, comprising:preparing a rare-earth coating solution including Ce(NO3)3, peroxide, and water;
sonicating the heat transfer tube;
dipping the sonicated heat transfer tube into an acidic solution; and
dipping the heat transfer unit into the rare-earth coating solution to form a coating layer on a surface of the heat transfer tube,
wherein the coating layer includes a rare-earth oxide.

US Pat. No. 10,557,669

COUNTERCURRENT HEAT EXCHANGER/REACTOR

THAR ENERGY LLC, Pittsbu...

1. A method of heat transfer between a first fluid stream and a second fluid stream in a countercurrent single pass heat exchanger, the method comprising:flowing the first fluid stream and the second fluid stream in a bundle of channels such that the first and second fluid streams flow countercurrently to each other to exchange heat within an interior region of the bundle along a longitudinal axis of the bundle in four directions with respect to an individual channel without mixing the first and second fluid streams, the four directions comprising above the individual channel, below the individual channel, and along at least a portion of each lateral side of the individual channel;
collecting the first fluid stream in a first fluid receiving member, the second fluid stream being confined within a plurality of channels extending through the first fluid receiving member to separate the first and second fluids; and
collecting the second fluid stream in a second fluid receiving member.

US Pat. No. 10,557,668

PIPE SYSTEM INCLUDING INTERNAL HEAT EXCHANGERS

AUROTEC GMBH, Regau (AT)...

1. A heat exchanger pipeline system for transporting a viscous fluid, comprising:a heat exchanger pipeline configured for transporting the viscous fluid, the viscous fluid having a viscosity of at least 500 Pas:
a plurality of heat exchangers that are serial pipeline components positioned at regular intervals in said heat exchanger pipeline and selected to maintain a predetermined temperature and pressure distribution along said heat exchanger pipeline, wherein the plurality of heat exchangers each include an internal diameter, wherein the internal diameter of a first heat exchanger of the plurality of heat exchangers is greater than the internal diameter of a second, successive heat exchanger of the plurality of heat exchangers;
a temperature controller in the heat exchangers for controlling a temperature of the viscous fluid; and
mixing components configured to maintain at least one of the predetermined temperature and pressure distribution in a cross section of the heat exchanger pipeline,
wherein at least 30% of a length of said heat exchanger pipeline is equipped with the heat exchangers.

US Pat. No. 10,557,667

REFRIGERANT TO WATER HEAT EXCHANGER

CARRIER CORPORATION, Pal...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a heat exchanger outer conduit;
at least one heat exchanger inner conduit disposed within the heat exchanger outer conduit to allow a liquid to flow between the heat exchanger outer conduit and the at least one heat exchanger inner conduit, the at least one heat exchanger inner conduit comprising:
a first tubular member including a first wall thickness, a first inner surface and a first outer surface having a first outer diameter; and
a second tubular member including a second wall thickness, a second inner surface and a second outer surface having a second outer diameter, wherein the second tubular member is coaxially disposed within the first tubular member;
wherein the first inner surface includes continuous enhancements formed longitudinally therein, and the second inner surface includes continuous enhancements formed longitudinally therein,
wherein the second outer surface is in contact with the enhancements on the first inner surface,
wherein the first wall thickness is 0.015 inch or less, and
wherein the second wall thickness is 0.015 inch or less.

US Pat. No. 10,557,666

COOLING APPARATUS FOR METAL STRIP

CHUGAI RO CO., LTD., Osa...

1. A cooling apparatus configured to continuously transport a metal strip after heat treatment and cool the metal strip, the cooling apparatus comprising:a first air nozzle configured to spray air to an upper surface of the metal strip from above;
a first water nozzle configured to spray water to the upper surface of the metal strip from above; and
a gas discharger configured to discharge air and steam from the upper surface of the metal strip upwardly,
wherein the first air nozzle, the first water nozzle and the gas discharger are aligned along a transport direction on the upper surface of the metal strip in the order of first the first air nozzle, second the first water nozzle and third the gas discharger, and
wherein the cooling apparatus is adapted to collide the air from the first air nozzle against the upper surface of the metal strip and then the air moves along the upper surface of the metal strip to a point at which steam is generated by the water from the first water nozzle, and is adapted to discharge the steam from the upper surface of the metal strip by using the gas discharger for suppressing a formation of steam film and for uniformly cooling the metal strip.

US Pat. No. 10,557,664

DOUBLE COOLED DRAFT BEER MACHINE

Diqing Qiu, Taizhou (CN)...

1. A double cooled draft beer machine, comprising:a cabinet (1);
a refrigeration circuit inside the cabinet (1), the refrigeration circuit including a compressor (2), a condenser (3), and an evaporator (4);
a cold storage chamber (6) inside the cabinet (1), the cold storage chamber (6) used to hold a cask (5), and the evaporator (4) is capable of refrigerating the cold storage chamber (6);
a beer pipe (7) and a refrigeration tube (8) capable of refrigerating the beer pipe (7) are arranged inside the cabinet (1);
a beer tap (9) fixed to an outside of the cabinet (1);
an outer end of the beer pipe (7) connected to the beer tap (9);
an inner end of the beer pipe (7) connected to the cask (5);
at least one solenoid valve, including a first solenoid valve, is set up in the refrigeration circuit, the first solenoid valve used to open or close the refrigeration circuit for refrigerant to flow toward the refrigeration tube (8) or the evaporator (4);
a control chip (19) used to control an action of the first solenoid valve;
a first temperature sensor (20) used to detect temperature; and
a detection point (29) of the first temperature sensor (20), the detection point (29) located between the refrigeration tube (8) and the beer pipe (7);
wherein the refrigeration tube (8) is connected to the refrigeration circuit and is in parallel with the evaporator (4);
wherein the first temperature sensor (20) is connected to an input end of the control chip (19), the first solenoid valve is connected to an output end of the control chip (19), and a relay (10) used to control the on-off operation of the compressor (2) is also connected to the output end of the control chip (19);
wherein an electromagnetic coil of the relay (10) is connected to and controlled by the output end of the control chip (19), and a normally open contact of the relay (10) is connected between the compressor (2) and a power supply (22) of the compressor (2);
wherein a first upper limit temperature threshold and a first lower limit temperature threshold of the beer pipe (7) are set inside the control chip (19);
wherein when the temperature detected by the first temperature sensor (20) is higher than the first upper limit temperature threshold, the control chip (19) controls the first solenoid valve to act and switch on the compressor (2) to allow the refrigerant in the refrigeration circuit to stop flowing toward the evaporator (4), and instead to allow the refrigerant in the refrigeration circuit to flow toward the refrigeration tube (8) only; and
wherein when the temperature detected by the first temperature sensor (20) is equal to or lower than the first lower limit temperature threshold, the control chip (19) controls the first solenoid valve to act to allow the refrigerant in the refrigeration circuit to stop flowing toward the refrigeration tube (8).

US Pat. No. 10,557,658

DUAL AUTO HYDRANT FOR SNOWMAKING GUN AND METHOD OF USING SAME

12. A method for selectively providing water and compressed air to a snowmaking gun, the method comprising the steps of:providing a dual auto hydrant configured for placement between the snowmaking gun and sources of water and compressed air, the hydrant further comprising:
a hydrant base having an outer surface with a bottom end and a top end, a cylinder oriented along an axis from the bottom end to the top end,
a piston having a distal end and proximal end, the piston passing through the cylinder, the piston further comprising a plurality of seals formed circumferentially around the piston at selected locations along a length of the piston; and
a means for selectively driving the piston to any one of three operating positions, hydrant closed position, hydrant air open water closed position and hydrant air open water open position, in that order or reverse order;
selecting the hydrant closed position to shut off a compressed air channel between the compressed air inlet and the compressed air outlet, drain compressed air from the compressed air channel and shut off a water channel between the water inlet and the water outlet with a water drain open to drain water from the water channel;
selecting the hydrant air open water closed position to open the compressed air channel between the compressed air inlet and the compressed air outlet, close the compressed air drain, shut off the water channel between the water inlet and the water outlet and close the water drain; and
selecting the hydrant air open water open position to open the compressed air channel between the compressed air inlet and the compressed air outlet, close the compressed air drain, open the water channel between the water inlet and the water outlet and close the water drain.

US Pat. No. 10,557,656

ICE DISCHARGING APPARATUS FOR VERTICAL SPRAY-TYPE ICE MACHINES

15. An ice discharging apparatus for an ice making machine having a freeze plate on which the ice making machine forms ice, the discharging apparatus comprising:an inclined ice slide positioned below the freeze plate, the slide configured to direct fallen ice toward an opening to the ice storage bin;
a divider assembly within the opening, the divider assembly comprising a plurality of dividers, each divider comprising a divider body, each divider having a distal end portion, a proximal end portion and a length extending longitudinally from the distal end portion to the proximal end portion, each divider body having a first longitudinal edge margin, a second longitudinal edge margin, a front, a rear, a width extending laterally from the first longitudinal edge margin to the second longitudinal edge margin, and a thickness extending between the front and the rear, wherein the dividers are connected to the ice maker such that each divider is configured to rotate about a widthwise axis of rotation in a forward direction away from the opening to allow formed ice to fall into the ice storage bin and wherein the front of each divider is convex.

US Pat. No. 10,557,655

SYSTEM FOR DEICING THE EXTERNAL EVAPORATOR IN A HEAT PUMP SYSTEM

BEGAFROST S.R.L., Verola...

1. A system for deicing an external evaporator in a heat pump system, comprising:a refrigeration circuit, connected in input and in output to said heat pump system and adapted to convey coolant gas, said refrigeration circuit comprising a tank for storing a deicing fluid, and a first heat exchanger immersed in said deicing fluid; and
a deicing circuit connected in input and in output to said tank and adapted to convey said deicing fluid, said deicing circuit comprising a second heat exchanger;
a plurality of sensors adapted to detect external and internal ambient temperature, input and output temperature of a coolant gas of the heat pump system, and humidity in contact with said external evaporator;
said second heat exchanger being arranged proximate to said external evaporator, wherein said refrigeration circuit comprises a two-way, two-position opening control valve, adapted to activate or deactivate said system for deicing as a function of the values of the external and internal ambient temperature, of the input and output temperature of a coolant gas of the heat pump system, and of the humidity in contact with said external evaporator.

US Pat. No. 10,557,654

COLLECTIVE DEVICE FOR SWITCHING REFRIGERANT FLOW

Hitachi-Johnson Controls ...

1. A collective device for switching refrigerant flow arranged between an indoor device and an outdoor device, comprising:multiple high-pressure valves;
multiple low-pressure valves;
a high-pressure header;
a low-pressure header;
a plurality of high-pressure gas pipes respectively connecting each high-pressure valve and the high-pressure header; and
a plurality of low-pressure gas pipes respectively connecting each low-pressure valve and the low-pressure header; and
a plurality of connection gas pipes respectively connecting each high-pressure valve to a respective low-pressure valve,
wherein the multiple high-pressure valves are arranged next to each other in a first direction perpendicular to a vertical direction,
wherein the multiple low-pressure valves are arranged next to each other in the first direction,
wherein the low-pressure valves, the low-pressure header, and the low-pressure gas pipes are arranged on one side in a second direction perpendicular to the vertical direction and the first direction with respect to the high-pressure valves, the high-pressure header, and the high-pressure gas pipes, and
wherein the connection gas pipes are respectively disposed extending in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,557,647

METHOD FOR CONVEYING CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER

Rodluven Inc., Southern ...

1. A solar power system, comprising, a solar concentrator having a lens disposed therein, the solar concentrator having a first cone-shape and a bottom, the solar concentrator having a length (1) that is longer than a width (w) at the lens of the solar concentrator;a solid tapering device disposed at the bottom, the tapering device having a second cone-shape;
the tapering device having a truncated bottom surface connected to a first curved glass loop section of a glass rod, the glass rod having a second curved glass loop section and a straight section, the first curved loop section having a first end surface, the second curved loop section having a second end surface, the straight section having a third end surface, the first end surface and the second end surface having a first gap defined therebetween, the second end surface and the third end surface having a second gap defined therebetween;
the solar concentrator being adapted to receive solar power as rays and conveying and concentrating rays as light towards a focus line or segment at the tapering device, the tapering device being in communication with an upper end of the first curved glass loop section, the first curved glass loop section conveying the light to the second curved glass loop section via and across the first gap, the second curved glass loop section conveying the light to the straight glass section via and across the second gap, while transmitting light, rotating the first curved glass loop section relative to the second curved glass loop section at the first gap;
rotating the second curved glass loop section relative to the straight glass section at the second gap so that the solar concentrator follows a path of a sun; and
placing an outer end of the straight glass section at a water surface to heat the water below the water surface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,645

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PREVENTING FREEZING WHEN FOUR-WAY VALVE IN HEAT PUMP WATER HEATER IS FAILED, AND HEAT PUMP WATER HEATER

1. A system for preventing freezing when a four-way valve in a heat pump water heater is failed, comprising:a processor; a memory storing instructions executable by the processor; wherein, the processor is configured to: detect a current water temperature T of water in a lower part of a water tank;
judge whether the current water temperature T is lower than a preset minimum temperature Tmin for the water tank; judge whether the current water temperature T satisfies a preset condition if the current water temperature T is lower than the preset minimum temperature Tmin for the water tank; and control a heat pump system to stop and to start an electric auxiliary heating system, if the current water temperature T satisfies the preset condition, wherein the processor is further configured to:
judge whether the current water temperature T is greater than or equal to a preset water tank temperature Ts, and/or to judge whether the current water temperature T is greater than or equal to a maximum temperature Tsop of the water heated by the heat pump water heater, after the electric auxiliary heating system is stopped and the heat pump system is restarted; and
the processor is configured to control the heat pump water heater to stop, if the current water temperature T is greater than or equal to the preset water tank temperature Ts, and/or if the current water temperature T is greater than or equal to the maximum temperature Tstop, wherein the processor is further configured to: add one to a number N of failures of the four-way valve when the current water temperature T satisfies the preset condition;
judge whether the number N is greater than or equal to a preset number n; and the processor is configured to control a heat pump system to stop and to start an electric auxiliary heating system and to control the heat pump water heater to display failure information, if the number N is greater than or equal to the preset number n.

US Pat. No. 10,557,644

ADJUSTABLE DRIP PAN

1. An adjustable drip pan comprising:a bottom pan comprising a reservoir, a first wall, a second wall, a third wall, a fourth wall, a first ridge, a second ridge, a third ridge, a fourth ridge, and a bottom floor; and
a top pan comprising a top floor and a lip; and
wherein said first ridge connects to a top of said first wall, said second ridge connects to a top of said second wall, said third ridge connects to a top of said third wall, and said fourth ridge connects to a top of said fourth wall;
wherein said first ridge, said second ridge, said third ridge, and said fourth ridge connect to said bottom floor, and said reservoir connects to said third ridge, said fourth ridge, and said bottom floor;
wherein said first ridge, said second ridge, said third ridge, said fourth ridge, said bottom floor, and said reservoir create a water-impermeable basin for collecting water;
wherein said first ridge, said second ridge, said third ridge, and said fourth ridge form a single member raised above and surrounding said bottom floor;
wherein said top floor slopes downward towards said lip, said bottom floor slopes downward toward said reservoir; and
wherein said bottom pan and said top pan are slidably adjustable in a plane along an axis, and adjustment of said bottom pan and said top pan is limited, in a first direction of said axis, by touching of said lip and said first ridge, and in a second direction of said axis, by touching of said first wall and said top pan.

US Pat. No. 10,557,643

DEMAND VENTILATION HVAC SYSTEM COMPRISING INDEPENDENTLY VARIABLE REFRIGERANT FLOW (VRF) AND VARIABLE AIR FLOW (VAF)

Addison HVAC LLC, Orland...

1. A dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) comprising a plurality of evaporator coils each with independent refrigerant control configured to independently vary refrigerant flow for each of the evaporator coils to maintain a desired evaporator coil temperature; independent activation of evaporator coil surface for each of the plurality of evaporator coils; and, at least one block-off element disposed for independent adjustment of airflow for each of the plurality of evaporator coils, wherein the system is configured to obtain free cooling by positioning the block-off element to direct ventilation air to bypass active evaporator coil surface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,637

FACILITATING SCHEDULING OF COMFORT CONTROLLERS

Emerson Electric Co., St...

1. A comfort controller operable to control one or more configurations of a climate control system for providing climate control in a structure in accordance with a user-selected one of a plurality of stored weekly schedules for operation of the one or more configurations, where each of the plurality of stored weekly schedules provides a plurality of daily time slots and temperature set points and is based on user-specifications, and where the user-selected weekly schedule is wirelessly received by and completely replaces a current operating weekly schedule on the comfort controller; wherein the comfort controller is operable to receive the user-selected weekly schedule from a computing device configured to:retrieve a previously stored weekly schedule;
receive a user specification modifying the retrieved previously stored weekly schedule; and
store the modified weekly schedule as the previously stored weekly schedule or as a third weekly schedule.

US Pat. No. 10,557,636

OVEN

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An oven, comprising:a cooking compartment comprising side surface panels;
a shelf member disposed at an inside of the cooking compartment to allow food to be mounted thereon;
a plurality of guide rails configured to support both sides of the shelf member to guide a withdrawal of the shelf member from the cooking compartment, each of the plurality of guide rails including a first rail and a second rail; and
a fixing wire detachably coupled to the first rail of each of the plurality of guide rails to couple the plurality of guide rails to each other,
the fixing wire having a plurality of contact units configured to contact the plurality of guide rails, respectively,
wherein at least one contact unit of the plurality of contact units includes a plurality of mounting units and an insertion unit provided between the plurality of mounting units,
wherein the insertion unit is further protruded toward the side surface panels than the plurality of mounting units so that at least one portion of the insertion unit is inserted between the first and the second rail.

US Pat. No. 10,557,632

INTELLIGENT OXYGEN LEVEL CONTROLLER FOR BIOFUEL-FIRED BURNER

Biomass Controls PBC, Pu...

1. An intelligent controller for monitoring an exhaust path that is disposed downstream of a fire box for containing a bio-fuel fire, and for controlling an air handler that supplies air to the fire box, the exhaust path, the fire box and the air handler being components of a bio-fuel fired device, the bio-fuel fired device further including a catalytic converter disposed within the exhaust path downstream of the fire box and configured to combust unburned material from the bio-fuel fire, a first oxygen level sensor disposed in the exhaust path upstream of the catalytic converter, and a second oxygen level sensor disposed in the exhaust path downstream of the catalytic converter, the intelligent controller comprising:a first port configured to be coupled to the first oxygen level sensor in order to receive from the first oxygen level sensor a first signal indicating a level of oxygen in exhaust gas upstream of the catalytic converter;
a second port configured to be coupled to the second oxygen level sensor in order to receive from the second oxygen level sensor a second signal indicating a level of oxygen in the exhaust gas downstream of the catalytic converter;
a third port configured to send command signals to the air handler that supplies air to the fire box; and
a processor coupled to the first, second, and third ports and configured to automatically:
repeatedly receive, via the first port, the first signal,
thereby receiving a series of first oxygen level values via the first port; and
for each first oxygen level value of at least some of the series of first oxygen level values:
compare the first oxygen level value to a first predetermined value; and
when, as a result of the comparison, the first oxygen level value is found to be less than the first predetermined value:
generate a first control signal configured to cause the air handler to increase the rate at which the air handler supplies air to the fire box; and
send, via the third port, the first control signal to the air handler;
the processor being further configured to automatically:
repeatedly receive, via the second port, the second signal, thereby receiving a series of second oxygen level values via the second port; and
for each second oxygen level value of at least some of the series of second oxygen level values:
compare the second oxygen level value to a second predetermined value that is less than the first predetermined value; and
when, as a result of the comparison, the second oxygen level value is found to be less than the second predetermined value:
generate a second control signal configured to cause the air handler to increase the rate at which the air handler supplies air to the fire box; and
send, via the third port, the second control signal to the air handler.

US Pat. No. 10,557,626

LIGHT SOURCE APPARATUS AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A system for controlling temperatures of a plurality of light source portions, the system comprising:the plurality of light source portions;
a plurality of temperature adjustment units configured to adjust the temperatures of the plurality of light source portions; and
a drive control unit configured to:
adjust a temperature of a first light source portion of the plurality of light source portions; and
adjust a temperature of a second light source portion of the plurality of light source portions based on the temperature of the first light source portion that is within a threshold range, wherein the second light source portion is different from the first light source portion.

US Pat. No. 10,557,621

SOCKET ASSEMBLY FOR RECEIVING A LAMP HAVING A PINCH SEAL

BLV Licht- und Vakuumtech...

1. A socket assembly for receiving a lamp having a pinch seal and a connecting pin led out therethrough, comprising:an outer housing part with an essentially cylindrical cavity which is accessible from outside via a slotted opening extending in a longitudinal direction of the outer housing part,
an inner part mounted for rotation about a rotation axis (R) inside the outer housing part and including a free space which is configured for receiving the pinch seal and the connecting pin and which is accessible from outside, and
two opposed leaf springs for fixation of the pinch seal in the free space,
wherein each of the leaf springs is bent from a metal strip such that a linear resting face is formed which is adjoined on both sides by leg portions that are angled relative to the resting face and that are adjoined, at their ends distant from the resting face, by base portions running towards one another, said base portions turning into shaft portions that extend away from the resting face, wherein said leaf springs are attached to the inner part in the region of the shaft portions and the resting faces face each other and are essentially parallel to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,557,619

LIGHTING FIXTURE WITH MULTIPLE CONFIGURATIONS FOR DIFFERENT JUNCTION BOX CONFIGURATIONS

USAI, LLC, New Windsor, ...

1. A light fixture for use with a junction box having a base, a circumferential side wall with a circumferential edge, and a height as measured between the base and the circumferential edge, and adapted to be mounted to a mounting surface, the light fixture comprising:a lighting element;
a mounting bracket adapted to mount to the junction box, the mounting bracket having a base adapted to abut the circumferential edge of the junction box, having a plurality of engagement portions, and having a height as measured between the base of the mounting bracket and the engagement portions;
a first housing adapted to be fixed to the mounting bracket, the first housing having a bottom wall and a circumferential side wall connected to the bottom wall, and the circumferential side wall of the first housing having a circumferential edge lying on a first plane, and the bottom wall and circumferential side wall of the first housing forming an enclosure having an open top defined by the circumferential edge of the first housing;
the first housing having a plurality of contact surfaces disposed within an interior of the enclosure formed by the first housing, and the contact surfaces are adapted to closely abut the engagement portions of the mounting bracket when the first housing is mounted to the mounting bracket, and the first housing being adapted to be fixed to the engagement portions of the mounting bracket;
a contact spacing being a distance between each contact surface and the first plane, and the contact spacing being greater than the height of the junction box; and
the circumferential edge of the first housing being adapted to be in contact with the mounting surface when the first housing is fixed to the mounting bracket mounted to the junction box, such that the first housing surrounds and conceals the junction box and the mounting bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,557,618

RETENTION SYSTEM FOR LIGHT SOURCE LAMPS IN RECESSED LUMINAIRES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A recessed luminaire comprising:a light source holding bracket comprising a sidewall and a shoulder that defines a light emitting through opening and extends substantially perpendicular to the sidewall, the light source holding bracket configured to hold a light source lamp therein such that the light source lamp rests on the shoulder; and
a retention device that is pivotally coupled to the light source holding bracket, the retention device comprising:
a retention spring portion that is pivotally coupled to the sidewall of the light source holding bracket; and
a retention arm portion that extends from and is formed integrally with the retention spring portion,
wherein the retention spring portion is configured to force the retention arm portion towards the light source holding bracket such that the retention arm portion engages and applies an active load on the light source lamp when disposed in the light source holding bracket to clamp the light source lamp between the retention arm portion and the shoulder of the light source holding bracket and thereby securely retain the light source lamp within the recessed luminaire.

US Pat. No. 10,557,614

PROJECTOR LIGHT SOURCE INCLUDING WAVELENGTH CONVERSION MEMBER HAVING POROUS CERAMIC SUBSTRATE

NIPPON ELECTRIC GLASS CO....

1. A wavelength conversion member comprising:a first porous ceramic layer having a porosity of 20% by volume or more; and
a phosphor layer formed on a first principal surface of the first porous ceramic layer.

US Pat. No. 10,557,613

LIGHT GUIDE WITH MEANS TO COMPENSATE FOR GRADUAL LOSSES OF LIGHT ALONG THE GUIDE

VALEO VISION, Bobigny (F...

1. A light guide comprising:a transparent body which is generally elongate in a principal direction with an outer surface forming a diopter with the environment of said body; and
ray exit means extending along the outer surface of the body adapted to cause light rays propagating in the body to exit it transversely;
wherein the ray exit means include:
(i) a first row of means disposed consecutively, and
(ii) a second row of means disposed consecutively and adjacent to the first row of means, and
(iii) a third row of means disposed consecutively and adjacent to the first row of means on an opposite side of the first row of means with respect to the second row of means, the distance separating two consecutive means of the first, the second row, and/or the third row being variable along said row or rows, the first row of means, the second row of means, and the third row of means including inclined reflecting facets configured to reflect light towards an exit side, the reflecting facets of the second row of means and the reflecting facets of the third row of means having a height smaller than the reflecting facets of the first row of means.

US Pat. No. 10,557,612

LAMP FOR VEHICLE

SL Corporation, Daegu (K...

1. A vehicular lamp comprising:a lamp housing;
a bracket installed on one side of the lamp housing; and
a lamp attachable to and detachable from the bracket so as to be capable of being fastened,
wherein the lamp comprises:
a light source module;
a guide portion to which the light source module is slidably coupled; and
a socket portion installed within the guide portion and to which the light source module is slidably coupled to allow electrical conduction,
wherein the light source module comprises:
a substrate on which a circuit is printed; and
one or more light emitting diode (LED) light sources arranged on at least one surface of the substrate,
wherein terminals, which come into contact with and are gripped by the socket portion, are formed on one end of the substrate, and
wherein a first holding groove snap-fit-coupled to the socket portion and a second holding groove snap-fit-coupled to the guide portion are formed on at least one of both sides of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,557,611

METHOD FOR ADJUSTING OUTPUT LIGHT COLOR OF VEHICULAR HEADLAMP UNIT

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A method for adjusting output light color of a vehicular headlamp unit, the vehicular headlamp unit including:a light source;
an information acquisition unit configured to acquire information on an area in front of a vehicle on which the vehicular headlamp unit is installed;
an irradiation pattern calculation unit configured to determine an irradiation pattern selective to the area in front of the vehicle on a basis of the information acquired by the information acquisition unit;
a voltage application unit configured to apply a voltage to a liquid crystal element on a basis of the irradiation pattern determined by the irradiation pattern calculation unit;
the liquid crystal element configured to have light control regions and change a transmittance of each of the light control regions on a basis of the voltage from the voltage application unit; and
a projection optical system configured to perform light distribution control of light emitted from the light source and controlled to be transmitted by the liquid crystal element,
the method for adjusting output light color comprising adjusting the color of light emitted from the vehicular headlamp unit by the voltage applied to the liquid crystal element.

US Pat. No. 10,557,610

LIGHTING APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A lighting apparatus for a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:a light source emitting light of a first predetermined color;
a reflector reflecting the light emitted from the light source to project the light externally, the reflector configured to change the first predetermined color of the light of the light source when the light of the light source is reflected by the reflector; and
a light transmittance variable portion disposed between the light source and the reflector such that the light emitted from the light source is incident thereupon prior to the reflector, the light transmittance variable portion being configured to vary in light transmittance,
wherein, when the light transmittance variable portion is set to have a light transmittance lower than a predetermined light transmittance, the light emitted from the light source is reflected off the light transmittance variable portion and thus is projected in a second predetermined color,
wherein when the light transmittance variable portion is set to have a light transmittance higher than the predetermined light transmittance, the light emitted from the light source is transmitted through the light transmittance variable portion and reflected by the reflector to be changed in color and thus is projected in a changed color different from the second predetermined color,
wherein the reflector has a parabolic shape having a curvature,
wherein the light source is disposed at a parabolic focus of the reflector, and
wherein the light transmittance variable portion is integrally coupled to the reflector and has a same curvature as the curvature of the reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,557,608

LUMINOUS LIGHTING AND/OR SIGNALING MODULE OF AN AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE

Valeo Vision, Bobigny (F...

1. A luminous lighting or signaling module of an automotive vehicle, said luminous lighting or signaling module comprising:a first submodule arranged to produce a first cut-off beam; and
a second submodule arranged to produce at least two selectively activatable luminous segments,
wherein said at least two selectively activatable luminous segments form a second beam that is complementary to said first cut-off beam, when they are activated simultaneously,
wherein the first submodule is positioned above the second submodule as viewed in a travel direction of the automotive vehicle,
wherein in said second submodule, at least two selectively activatable second light sources are able to emit, simultaneously or alternatively, light rays,
wherein said second submodule includes a light guide device arranged to interact with said at least two selectively activatable second light sources so as to form images of said at least two selectively activatable second light sources level with a focal zone of a projecting device, said images being intended to be projected by said projecting device in order to form said at least two selectively activatable luminous segments, and
wherein said first submodule includes a reflective shield that cuts off a beam of rays emitted by a first light source, the reflective shield positioned above the light guide device of the second submodule.

US Pat. No. 10,557,607

LIGHT SOURCE MODULE AND VEHICLE HEADLAMP USING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A vehicle headlamp, comprising:a light source module disposed at a central portion of an aspheric lens,
wherein the light source module includes:
a circuit board; and
first and second light emitting modules disposed on the circuit board,
wherein the first and second light emitting modules are separated by a partition wall,
wherein each of the first and second light emitting modules includes a blue light emitting diode (LED) light source and a phosphor disposed on the blue LED light source and the phosphor is configured to be activated by the blue LED light source to emit first light,
wherein the first light emitting module includes a phosphor film disposed at an exterior of the first light emitting module, and the phosphor film is configured to emit a second light,
wherein the first light and the second light have different wavelengths,
wherein a dominant wavelength of the first light is equal to or greater than about 540 nm and equal to or less than about 560 nm, and
wherein a dominant wavelength of the second light is equal to or greater than about 585 nm and equal to or less than about 595 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,557,606

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE USING POLARITY OF MATERIAL AND VEHICLE LAMP HAVING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A light source device using a polarity of a material, the light source device comprising:a transparent frame forming an inner space accommodating a nonpolarity material and a polarity material;
a light source portion irradiating light through the nonpolarity material or the polarity material accommodated in the transparent frame; and
an electromagnet configured to switch respective positions of the nonpolarity material and the polarity material by a magnetic force generated according to the polarity of the material, wherein the magnetic force is generated as a current is applied from outside of the light source device.

US Pat. No. 10,557,605

ELECTRIC LIGHTING DEVICES

1. An electronic lighting device, comprising:a flame element comprising a hollow interior and an aperture disposed on a sidewall of the flame element;
a housing comprising an internal cavity;
an arm that extends horizontally from the housing and has a first end disposed in a central area of the internal cavity;
wherein the arm is sized and dimensioned to extend into the aperture to suspend the flame element within the cavity and to allow the flame element to move with respect to the arm; and
a pin that is sized and dimensioned to extend through a second aperture and into the hollow interior to secure the flame element on the arm.

US Pat. No. 10,557,604

IMITATION CANDLE DEVICES WITH MOVING LIGHTS

1. An imitation candle device, comprising:a flame sheet having a shape;
a support member, extending along an axis, having an end portion with a tip, and where the tip is narrower in cross section than other portions of the support member;
a light casing including a light emitter that is energized to produce an output light, said light casing having internal surfaces defining an opening, where the tip of the support member fits in the opening, and wherein the tip of the support member extends into the opening and where the light casing is held on the support member, in a way that allows movement of the light casing relative to the support member;
a movement limiting structure that limits an amount of the movement of the light casing;
where the support member holds the light emitter at an angle to face the flame sheet and to emit light onto the flame sheet; and
a drive engine coupled to the light casing to cause the light casing to move on the support member and to move the light emitted from the light emitter on the flame sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,557,602

ILLUMINATED STROLLER ASSEMBLY

1. An illuminated stroller assembly having an integrated heating a cooling fan wherein said assembly is configured to enhance comfort for a child riding in said assembly, said assembly comprising:a stroller having a frame, a plurality of front wheels, a plurality of rear wheels, a seat and a handle, said seat being positionable between and upright position for sitting and a reclined position for sleeping, said frame being collapsible into a stored position and expandable into a deployed position;
a control circuit being coupled to said handle;
a heating element being coupled to said handle, said heating element being electrically coupled to said control circuit;
a cooling unit being coupled to said handle, said cooling unit being electrically coupled to said control circuit;
a blower being coupled to said handle, said blower being electrically coupled to said control circuit, said blower urging air into said seat when said blower is turned on wherein said blower is configured to enhance comfort to the child in said stroller;
a receiver being coupled to said handle, said receiver being electrically coupled to said control circuit, said receiver being in remote electrical communication with an audio source for receiving an audio signal; and
a pair of speakers, each of said speakers being coupled to said handle for emitting audible sounds outwardly therefrom, each of said speakers being electrically coupled to said control circuit, each of said speakers receiving the audio signal from said receiver, each of said speakers being positioned on a respective one of said rod sections of said handle.

US Pat. No. 10,557,601

HALO LIGHTING UNIT

Disruptive Marketing Limi...

1. A light unit, comprising:a housing having a central symmetry axis;
a support located in the housing;
a main lamp located axially on the support; and
a multiplicity of secondary lamps located on the support and arranged in an array around the main lamp;
a front casing defining a central aperture to which light from the main lamp passes to the exterior in use, the front casing preventing light from the secondary array from entering the central aperture;
the front casing and housing defining a light guide channel;
a light guide located in the channel, the light guide having a first end comprising a light inlet proximate the array of secondary lamps and a second end comprising a light outlet proximate a periphery of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,557,600

IN-GROUND CHANNEL SYSTEMS FOR LINEAR LIGHTING

Elemental LED, Inc., Ren...

1. An in-ground channel for linear lighting, comprising:two upright sidewalls spaced apart by a bottom, each of the sidewalls having an inwardly-extending upper support flange proximate to an upper end thereof, the inwardly-extending upper support flanges being aligned with one another on respective sidewalls;
a shelf mounted between the two upright sidewalls at a position below the inwardly-extending support flanges, the shelf dividing the in-ground channel into an upper section and a lower section, the upper section adapted to house linear lighting and the lower section providing a raceway; and
only a single mounting flange attached to one of the two sidewalls at a position level with the bottom.

US Pat. No. 10,557,599

LIGHTING APPARATUS

MODULEX INC., Tokyo (JP)...

1. A lighting apparatus comprising:a light source;
a reflector having a first reflection surface with a shape of a surface of revolution, and a downward light emission outlet through which direct light from the light source and reflection light from the first reflection surface being emitted; and
a cone having a substantially truncated conical second reflection surface, an upper opening directly opposing the light emission outlet, and a lower opening having a diameter greater than a diameter of the upper opening,
wherein the cone is disposed outside an optical path of controlled reflection light from the first reflection surface,
in a cross section cut along a plane including an optical axis of the light source, an inner periphery edge of the upper opening is defined as a first inner periphery edge, and an inner periphery edge of the lower opening is defined as a second inner periphery edge, and a line connecting the first inner periphery edge and the second inner periphery edge on one side of the optical axis is defined as a first reference line, and a line connecting the first inner periphery edge and the second inner periphery edge on the other side of the optical axis is defined as a second reference line,
wherein the light source comprises a planar light-emitting surface, and the light-emitting surface is disposed in a region interposed between the first reference line and the second reference line, after the first reference line and the second reference line extend from a cone side to a reflector side and intersect with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,557,598

FLOOR LAMP WITH INTEGRATED PLANT GROWTH SYSTEM

Evolution Lighting, LLC, ...

1. A luminaire comprising:three or more substantially rigid legs each having an upper end and a lower end, said three or more legs being arranged in a frustum shape forming a central area, said upper ends of the three or more legs at least partially converging and being fixed with respect to each other, and said lower ends of the three or more legs at least partially diverging and being substantially coplanar to support the luminaire in an upright position on a ground surface;
a first lamp fixed to the top ends of the three or more legs and operable to emit light in a substantially upward direction;
a second lamp fixed to the top ends of the three or more legs and operable to emit light in a substantially downward direction;
three or more suspension members each having an end that is removably secured to a respective leg, each of said three or more suspension members having individually adjustable lengths, said three or more suspension members being configured to maintain a suspended planter substantially level with respect to the ground surface.

US Pat. No. 10,557,594

SOLID-STATE LAMPS UTILIZING PHOTOLUMINESCENCE WAVELENGTH CONVERSION COMPONENTS

Intematix Corporation, F...

1. A photoluminescence wavelength conversion component comprising:a cylindrical light transmissive component comprising a plurality of latitudinally extending phosphor regions which are equally circumferentially spaced and have at least one photoluminescence material;
the cylindrical light transmissive component having first and second ends and a substantially constant cross section, wherein the first end is for receiving light; and
a light reflective surface provided over at least a part of the second end, wherein the light transmissive component comprises a solid component with a light transmissive core.

US Pat. No. 10,557,592

CORNER STRUCTURE OF LNG STORAGE TANK

KC LNG TECH CO., LTD., B...

1. A corner structure of an LNG storage tank installed at a corner of the LNG storage tank comprising a sealing wall, the corner structure comprising:a securing member secured to a hull of a ship;
a movable member supported on the securing member to be linearly movable;
a stop member attached to the securing member to prevent the movable member from being separated from the securing member; and
a heat insulating member interposed between the sealing wall and the hull,
wherein the securing member comprises a guide groove, the movable member comprises a guide projection inserted into the guide groove, and the guide projection is movable in the guide groove,
wherein the guide projection has a smaller length than the guide groove such that the movable member is supported on the securing member to be movable in a longitudinal direction,
wherein the guide projection has a smaller width than the guide groove such that the movable member is supported on the securing member to be movable in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,557,591

SMART POWER OVER ETHERNET LIFT

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A method comprising:providing power to a device, the device being supported by a lift apparatus which includes a first part, a second part, and an actuator, wherein the device is coupled to the second part and arranged to obtain power through the second part when the first part and the second part are arranged in a first orientation, wherein the device is in a first position when the first part and the second part are in the first orientation;
determining when the device is to be moved to a second position;
diverting the power from the device to the actuator when it is determined that the device is to be moved to the second position; and
moving the device to the second position using the actuator, wherein moving the device is moving from the second position using the actuator includes causing the first part and the second part to be arranged in a second orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,557,590

CLAMP-TYPE MOUNT CAPABLE OF BEING CLAMPED TO OBJECTS OF A WIDE RANGE OF SIZES

ARKON RESOURCES, INC., A...

1. A clamp-type mount capable of being clamped to objects of a wide range of sizes, wherein the clamp-type mount is applicable to a mobile electronic device so that the mobile electronic device can be securely positioned on a fixing member through the clamp-type mount, the clamp-type mount comprising:a first clamping member having an inner side concavely provided with a curved clamping groove; wherein the first clamping member is formed with an enclosed passage hole;
a second clamping member having an inner side concavely provided with a curved clamping groove corresponding to the clamping groove concavely provided in the inner side of the first clamping member;
a clamping-member pivot shaft for pivotally connecting the first clamping member and the second clamping member at a position adjacent to a first end of the first clamping member and a first end of the second clamping member such that each of the first clamping member and the second clamping member is rotatable about the clamping-member pivot shaft to bring a free end of the first clamping member and a free end of the second clamping member either close to each other into a clamping state or away from each other into a releasing state, wherein when the second clamping member is rotated about the clamping-member pivot shaft toward the first clamping member, the free end of the second clamping member is able to extend through the enclosed passage hole and be exposed on an outer side of the first clamping member to render the clamp-type mount into a minimum height;
a tightening pivot shaft transversely and pivotally connected to the second clamping member at a position adjacent to a middle section of the second clamping member, wherein the tightening pivot shaft has a middle section formed with a fixing hole, and the fixing hole extends along a diameter of, and thus penetrates, the tightening pivot shaft;
a tightening threaded rod having a first end extending through, and exposed on the outer side of, the first clamping member and an opposite second end fixedly connected to the fixing hole;
a tightening knob threadedly connected to the first end of the tightening threaded rod so as to be displaced along an axial direction of the tightening threaded rod when rotated, wherein when a bottom end of the tightening knob is pressed against the outer side of the first clamping member, the tightening knob applies a tightening force through the tightening threaded rod to the tightening pivot shaft and the second clamping member sequentially, thereby driving the second clamping member toward the first clamping member, in order for either the free end of the first clamping member and the free end of the second clamping member or a surface of the clamping groove of the first clamping member and a surface of the clamping groove of the second clamping member to clamp the fixing member tightly therebetween and thus position the clamp-type mount securely on the fixing member; and
a spherical coupling head fixedly provided on the outer side of the first clamping member at a position adjacent to the first end of the first clamping member, wherein the spherical coupling head is configured to couple with an adapter in order for the adapter to link a supporting base to the spherical coupling head, and the mobile electronic device is mounted on the supporting base.

US Pat. No. 10,557,587

PIPE REPLACEMENT TOOL AND METHOD

1. A method for removing an underground asbestos-containing pipe, comprising:forming holes downwardly from a ground surface to the pipe;
pulling a cutting tool through the pipe, the tool having a guide head, a reamer head, and a hollow shaft extending between the guide head and the reamer head;
supplying liquid to the hollow shaft and ejecting the liquid outwardly through ports in the hollow shaft into the pipe;
breaking the pipe into pieces with the reamer head as the cutting tool is pulled through the pipe to form a slurry of the liquid and the pipe pieces;
removing the slurry through the holes;
adding a drying agent to the slurry to form a mass; and
allowing the mass to dry to a hardened state.

US Pat. No. 10,557,586

INVERTED FILAMENT WINDER FOR PIPELINE REHABILITATION

SIPP TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, ...

1. An inverted filament winder apparatus adapted to apply pressure sensitive adhesive backed filaments to the interior wall of a pipe or pipe liner having a longitudinal central axis, said apparatus comprising:a non-rotating carriage comprising a rotating assembly and a transport assembly, wherein said rotating assembly comprises a central shaft and a motor, said central shaft having an axis oriented parallel to the longitudinal central axis of the pipe or pipe liner when the apparatus is applying pressure sensitive adhesive backed filaments to the interior wall of the pipe or pipe liner, said central shaft axis defining an axial direction;
a plurality of spools circumferentially mounted to said rotating assembly, each of said spools comprising an axis oriented parallel with said central shaft axis, each of said spools adapted to retain one of said pressure sensitive adhesive backed filaments thereon;
a plurality of applicator arms, each said applicator arm associated with one of said spools, whereby one of said pressure sensitive adhesive backed filaments is passed through each said applicator arm to be applied to the interior of a pipe;
wherein each of said spools and each of said applicator arms rotate circumferentially about said rotating assembly when said rotating assembly is rotating.

US Pat. No. 10,557,585

WATER HAMMER ARRESTOR

Accor Technology, Inc., ...

1. A device for arresting a shock wave in a fluid in an assembly, the device comprising:a base having a connector portion with a first opening into an interior, the base having a second opening into the interior, the connector portion being configured to be coupled to the assembly and to allow the fluid to flow into the interior through the first opening when the connector portion is coupled to the assembly, the base comprising an inwardly extending projection adjacent to a base groove;
a body having an open end opposite a closed end and a channel that extends from the open end into the closed end, the open end being positioned inside the second opening of the base and forming a housing therewith, the body comprising an outwardly extending annular projection positioned between the open and closed ends, the outwardly extending annular projection having an annular body groove formed therein, the outwardly extending annular projection being positioned inside the base groove, inwardly extending projection being positioned inside the annular body groove, together the outwardly extending annular projection, the annular body groove, the inwardly extending projection, and the base groove forming a locking mechanism that helps prevent movement of the body away from the base;
a ferrule disposed circumferentially around a first portion of the base and a second portion the body, the ferrule locking the first and second portions together; and
a piston positioned inside the housing, the piston being slidable inside the housing from a resting position to a compressing position when the shock wave travels through the assembly, the piston compressing a gas inside the housing when the piston is in the compressing position.

US Pat. No. 10,557,581

ERGONOMIC SAFETY LOCK FOR CAM LOCK FITTING

1. An ergonomic cam lock fitting, comprising:a) a male and a female conduit, said male and female conduits adapted for being connected to each other, said male conduit having an end thereon and an external peripheral groove adjacent said end, said female conduit having an end thereon and an internal seal disposed therein adjacent said end, wherein said end of said male conduit contacts said seal of said female conduit thereby preventing leakage when said male and female conduits are connected to each other;
b) a first and a second pair of cam members, each pair having first and second cam members, a pair of said cam members being pivotally disposed on opposite sides of said female conduit, each said cam member having a lever portion and a cam portion, wherein each said cam portion is adapted to pivot through an opening in a wall of said female conduit and into said external peripheral groove so as to removably join said male conduit to said female conduit, wherein each said cam member has a closed position when said male and female conduits are connected to each other and an open position when said male and female conduits are disconnected from each other;
c) wherein said cam portions of said second cam members have a forked portion, said forked portion having a first and second prong portion with a space thereinbetween, wherein said cam portions of said first cam members are pivotally disposed in a respective said space;
d) each said second cam member having an inner lever portion and each said first cam member having an outer lever portion;
e) a first pull ring member disposed on said outer lever portion and a second pull ring member disposed on said inner lever portion for moving said first and second cam members from said closed position to said open position, wherein said first pull ring member is larger than said second pull ring member as would be seen in a top view so that said inner lever portion is more difficult to open than said outer lever portion; and
f) wherein when each said cam member is in said closed position, said inner lever portion is configured to mechanically cooperate with a retaining member disposed on said female conduit and said outer lever portion is configured to mechanically cooperate with said inner lever portion to prevent unintentional movement of each said cam member from said closed position to said open position.

US Pat. No. 10,557,580

SECURE FLUID CONNECTION

SARTORIUS STEDIM FMT SAS,...

1. A biopharmaceutical fluid connection device for connecting a first fluid conduit to a second fluid conduit, comprising:a female plug, made of plastic and joined to the first fluid conduit;
a male plug, made of plastic, joined to the second fluid conduit and configured for insertion, parallel to an axial direction, into the female plug and thereby place the male plug and the female plug into a final coupling position;
a primary locking device, having a locked position in which the primary locking device prevents the male and female plugs from being released from the final coupling position, the primary locking device being a part of the female plug and movable transversely between two positions, the movable primary locking device including a plate arranged transversely to the axial direction; and
a movable secondary lock, having an active position adapted to prevent the primary locking device from being moved from the locked position,
wherein the secondary lock is configured to be irreversibly clipped into place in the active position, whereby the fluid connection device can establish a permanent connection of the first and second conduits,
wherein the secondary lock is a separate part from the female plug and the male plug, so that the locked position is obtained in absence of the secondary lock by assembling the female plug and the male plug together with the primary locking device trapped in the female plug, and
wherein the primary locking device is arranged on the female plug and is movable in a sliding manner perpendicularly to the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,557,578

PIPE CONNECTOR SYSTEMS, DEVICES AND METHODS

QuickHub, LLC, Tacoma, W...

18. A gasket for connecting two pipe ends, the gasket comprising:a rounded sidewall defining a channel therethrough in a first direction, the sidewall comprising a top end, a middle portion, and a bottom end opposite the top end,
wherein the top and bottom ends each have a smaller width and circumference in a contracted configuration compared to an expanded configuration, due to clamping of the gasket about the two pipe ends to force the gasket from the expanded configuration into the contracted configuration, and
wherein in the expanded configuration the top and bottom ends each have a larger width than the middle portion;
the top and bottom ends each comprising a first sidewall portion at least partially separated from a second sidewall portion by a gap formed circumferentially therebetween, wherein the sidewall at the gap is thinner than each of the first and second sidewall portions, the gaps configured to collapse upon contraction of the respective top and bottom ends to bring the first and second sidewall portions closer together to form the contracted configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,557,577

SUBSEA HYDRAULIC COUPLING WITH METAL BORE LINER

National Coupling Company...

1. A female hydraulic coupling member for coupling with a probe of a corresponding male hydraulic coupling member, the female member comprising:a generally cylindrical body having a central axial bore;
a receiving chamber in the central axial bore configured for receiving the probe of the corresponding male hydraulic coupling member;
a pressure-energized C-seal having an internal cavity and positioned to seal between the body and the probe of the corresponding male hydraulic coupling member inserted in the receiving chamber and configured such that the sealing force of the pressure-energized seal increases with an increase in hydraulic fluid pressure; and
a sleeve lining at least a portion of the receiving chamber, the sleeve having an inside diameter (i.d.) and an outside diameter (o.d.) with a first end of the sleeve abutting a shoulder in the central axial bore and an opposing second end of the sleeve having an annular, axial projection with a larger i.d. and a smaller o.d. than the sleeve and with at least a portion of the extension projecting into the internal cavity of the pressure-energized C-seal.

US Pat. No. 10,557,576

FULL-ROOT-RADIUS-THREADED WING NUT HAVING INCREASED WALL THICKNESS

S.P.M. Flow Control, Inc....

1. A hammer union, the hammer union comprising:a threaded female sub;
a male sub;
a plurality of retainer segments concentrically disposed about the male sub; and
a threaded wing nut that is concentrically disposed about each of the threaded female sub, the male sub, and the plurality of retainer segments to couple the threaded female sub to the male sub;
wherein the threaded wing nut comprises:
a body having an axial length defined between first and second end surfaces, the body having an exterior surface extending between the first and second end surfaces;
a passage axially extending through the body from the first end surface to the second end surface, wherein the passage defines an interior surface of the body;
a first internal shoulder formed by the interior surface of the body that defines a portion of the passage;
an internal threaded connection formed by the interior surface that extends from the first end surface and towards the first internal shoulder; and
a plurality of circumferentially-spaced lugs extending radially from the exterior surface of the body;
wherein the plurality of retainer segments is radially positioned between the male sub and the threaded wing nut such that the threaded wing nut is concentrically disposed about the male sub but the interior surface of the body of the wing nut is spaced radially from the male sub;
wherein the body has a variable wall thickness defined between the interior surface of the body and the exterior surface of the body, with the variable wall thickness at the first internal shoulder being greater than the variable wall thickness at the first end surface;
wherein the internal threaded connection includes a first slanted surface; a second opposing slanted surface; and a curved surface that extends from the first slanted surface and to the second opposing slanted surface; and
wherein a first lug of the plurality of lugs extends along the entirety of the axial length of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,557,567

FLUIDIC MICRO ELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEM

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A fluidic micro electromechanical system comprising:a substrate;
a first layer supported by the substrate, the first layer forming:
sides of a chamber;
a passage through one of the sides and a chamber; and
a check valve leaf, the check valve leaf being pivotable about an axis nonparallel to the substrate to open and close the passage;
a second layer over the chamber;
an opening into the chamber; and
a resistor supported within the chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,557,566

CUSHIONED RELIEF VALVE

Kennedy Valve Company, E...

1. A cushioned relief valve, comprising:a housing having an inlet, an interior, an outlet channel, and an outlet, the interior being a hollow cylinder with a first end in fluid communication with the inlet, a second end opposite the first end, and a cylindrical side between the first end and the second end, the cylindrical side in fluid communication with the outlet channel, the outlet channel extending from the cylindrical side of the hollow cylinder adjacent the first end to the outlet, the outlet opening outside the housing;
a piston located within the hollow cylinder and slidable between a first position adjacent the first end of the hollow cylinder and a second position adjacent the second end of the hollow cylinder, the piston comprising a piston chamber inside the piston having an opening adjacent the first end of the hollow cylinder and a central aperture passing through an end of the piston opposite the opening, such that, when the piston is at the first position, the piston blocks the inlet and the outlet channel, and when the piston is in the second position, a path is opened for fluid flow between the inlet and the outlet channel;
a cylinder cover defining a compressible gas volume in fluid communication with the second end of the hollow cylinder; and
a flexible diaphragm separating the compressible gas volume of the cylinder cover from the second end of the hollow cylinder, the diaphragm being biased toward the first end of the hollow cylinder and defining a fluid volume in the hollow cylinder between the diaphragm and the end of the piston.

US Pat. No. 10,557,564

LOCALLY-ACTUATED PARTIAL STROKE TESTING SYSTEM

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A locally-actuated partial stroke testing system for testing a single acting emergency isolation valve, comprising:a mechanically-operated valve;
a flow control valve coupled to a vent port of the mechanically-operated valve, the flow control valve being operable to regulate air flow from the vent port;
an air supply line coupled to an input port of the mechanically-operated valve, the air supply line having an air filter regulator to filter and regulate air supplied to the input port;
a 3/2 solenoid valve with a first port coupled via an air flow line to a working port of the mechanically-operated valve;
a working flow line coupled between a second port of the 3/2 solenoid valve and a port of the single acting emergency isolation valve, the working flow line providing bidirectional air flow; and
a valve position indicator to convey position of the single acting emergency isolation valve, the valve position indicator and the mechanically-operated valve being in visual proximity to a user.