US Pat. No. 10,431,289

MEMORY DEVICES WITH SELECTIVE PAGE-BASED REFRESH

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory device comprising:a main memory including a memory region having a plurality of memory pages; and
a controller operably coupled to the main memory, wherein the controller is configured to:
track a first subset of the plurality of memory pages having a first refresh schedule and a second subset of the plurality of memory pages having a second refresh schedule that is different than the first refresh schedule, wherein at least one of the first and second refresh schedules is a function of an elapsed time since the last refresh operation,
refresh the first subset of memory pages according to the first refresh schedule, and
refresh the second subset of memory pages according to the second refresh schedule.

US Pat. No. 10,431,288

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAINTAINING REFRESH OPERATIONS OF MEMORY BANKS USING A SHARED ADDRESS PATH

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving an instruction to refresh a row address stored in a counter of a memory device;
blocking incrementing the row address when the memory device transitioned from a first mode of operation to a second mode of operation and an immediately previous refresh operation was unpaired;
incrementing the row address stored in the counter when the memory device did not transition from the first mode of operation to the second mode of operation, or the memory device transitioned from the first mode of operation to the second mode of operation and the immediately previous refresh operation was paired; and
refreshing the row address stored in the counter.

US Pat. No. 10,431,287

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING A MEMORY CELL WITH FIRST AND SECOND TRANSISTORS

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A semiconductor memory device comprising:a memory cell including a first transistor comprising a first oxide semiconductor, a first insulation film, and a first control electrode, a second transistor comprising a second oxide semiconductor, a second insulation film, a second control electrode which is independent from the first control electrode, and a capacitance element configured to store a charge based on a product between input data and a coupling weight of a neuron model; wherein the first transistor is connected to the second transistor in series and the capacitor is connected to a common node of the first and second transistors; and
a control circuit configured to turn on the first transistor when the charge is written to the capacitance element, and to turn on the second transistor when the charge is read from the capacitance element.

US Pat. No. 10,431,286

REFRESH IN NON-VOLATILE MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

9. An apparatus, comprising:an array of memory cells; and
a processor configured to:
determine a threshold miss rate based on a number of memory cells that fail to refresh;
determine a refresh rate of the array of memory cells based on the threshold miss rate; and
refresh a memory cell of the array of memory cells in response to the array of memory cells being accessed a threshold number of accesses, wherein the threshold is based on the refresh rate.

US Pat. No. 10,431,285

WRITING TO CROSS-POINT NON-VOLATILE MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:applying a first voltage across a memory cell during an access operation; and
applying, based at least in part on applying the first voltage, a second voltage across the memory cell during a discharge operation.

US Pat. No. 10,431,284

DYNAMIC REFERENCE VOLTAGE DETERMINATION

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

14. An electronic memory apparatus, comprising:a first memory cell comprising a first digit line;
a second memory cell comprising a second digit line; and
a controller coupled with the first memory cell and the second memory cell, wherein the controller is operable to:
activate a first switching component coupled with the first and second digit lines; and
determine a reference voltage based at least in part on a voltage of a conductive path, wherein the conductive path is established between the first and second digit lines when the first switching component is activated.

US Pat. No. 10,431,283

APPARATUSES AND METHODS INCLUDING FERROELECTRIC MEMORY AND FOR ACCESSING FERROELECTRIC MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:increasing a voltage of a first cell plate of a capacitor to change a voltage of a second cell plate of the capacitor, a second digit line, and a second sense node;
decreasing the voltage of the second cell plate and the second digit line to change the voltage of the first cell plate, a first digit line, and a first sense node, wherein decreasing the voltage of the second cell plate and the second digit line includes decreasing the voltage of the second cell plate from an increased voltage to an initial voltage of the second cell plate;
driving the first sense node to a first voltage and driving the second sense node to a second voltage responsive to the voltage of the first sense node being greater than the voltage of the second sense node; and
driving the first sense node to the second voltage and driving the second sense node to the first voltage responsive to the voltage of the first sense node being less than the voltage of the second sense node.

US Pat. No. 10,431,282

ARRAY DATA BIT INVERSION

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:sensing, by a sense component through a first set of transistors, a first logic value stored at a memory cell; and
applying an output of the sense component to the memory cell through a second set of transistors different than the first set of transistors, the output of the sense component corresponding to the first logic value, wherein a second logic value different than the first logic value is stored at the memory cell based at least in part on the applying.

US Pat. No. 10,431,281

ACCESS SCHEMES FOR SECTION-BASED DATA PROTECTION IN A MEMORY DEVICE

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:initializing a timer associated with sections of a memory device, each of the sections comprising memory cells associated with one of a plurality of word lines of the section that is configured to selectively couple the memory cells with one of a plurality of digit lines of the section;
selecting one of the sections for a voltage adjustment operation based at least in part on a determined value of the timer; and
performing the voltage adjustment operation on the selected section by activating each of the plurality of word lines of the selected section.

US Pat. No. 10,431,280

FERROELECTRIC OPENING SWITCH

1. A ferroelectric opening switch, comprising:a ferroelectric material comprising at least one crystal having a permanent electric dipole determined by the crystallographic symmetry of the ferroelectric material and a having plurality of nucleation sites; and
a voltage source for applying an electric field to the ferroelectric material;
wherein polarization reversal of the electric dipoles is nucleated at the nucleation sites when the electric field is applied, thereby changing current flow in the switch.

US Pat. No. 10,431,279

MAGNETORESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A magnetoresistive memory device, comprising:a plurality of memory cells, each memory cell including a magnetic tunnel junction element;
a detector to detect a maximum value and a minimum value among a plurality of writing current values of the plurality of memory cells, each writing current value of each memory cell for successfully writing the magnetic tunnel junction element of each memory cell;
a current value storage area to store the maximum value and the minimum value detected by the detector; and
a current controller to perform writing operations on the plurality of memory cells based on the maximum value and reading operations on the plurality of memory cells based on the minimum value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,278

DYNAMICALLY CONTROLLING VOLTAGE FOR ACCESS OPERATIONS TO MAGNETO-RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (MRAM) BIT CELLS TO ACCOUNT FOR AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A magneto-resistive random access memory (MRAM) bit cell process variation measurement circuit (PVMC) for determining process variation and ambient temperature in MRAM bit cells in an MRAM array, the MRAM bit cell PVMC comprising:a supply voltage input configured to receive a supply voltage coupled to the MRAM array;
an MRAM bit cell PVMC output;
a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) PVMC coupled to the supply voltage input, the MTJ PVMC comprising:
one or more MTJ circuits, each comprising:
a measurement transistor of a metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) type of an access transistor in at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array; and
a measurement MTJ device of a type of an MTJ device in the at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array, the measurement MTJ device coupled to the measurement transistor; and
an MTJ PVMC output coupled to the MRAM bit cell PVMC output; and
an ambient temperature input coupled to the MRAM bit cell PVMC output, the ambient temperature input configured to receive an ambient temperature measurement voltage signal representing an ambient temperature at the at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array;
the MRAM bit cell PVMC configured to provide, on the MRAM bit cell PVMC output, at least one MRAM bit cell PVMC output voltage signal representing:
the process variation of at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array as a function of the supply voltage coupled to the MRAM bit cell PVMC; and
the ambient temperature at the at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array.

US Pat. No. 10,431,276

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES INCLUDING REVERSIBLE AND ONE-TIME PROGRAMMABLE MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTIONS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a plurality of word lines;
a plurality of bit lines crossing the plurality of word lines, the plurality of bit lines including first bit lines and second bit lines, the second bit lines spaced apart from the first bit lines in a direction of extension of the plurality of word lines;
a plurality of first memory cells connected between the plurality of word lines and the first bit lines, each of the plurality of first memory cells including a first memory element and a first selection element, the first memory element and the first selection element connected to each other; and
a plurality of second memory cells connected between the plurality of word lines and the second bit lines, each of the plurality of second memory cells including a second memory element and a second selection element, the second memory element and the second selection element connected to each other,
wherein the first memory element includes a first magnetic tunnel junction, and the second memory element includes a second magnetic tunnel junction, each of the first and second magnetic tunnel junctions including a pinned layer, a free layer, and a tunnel barrier layer between the pinned layer and the free layer,
wherein the tunnel barrier layers of a first portion of the second magnetic tunnel junctions have an irreversible resistance state,
wherein the first magnetic tunnel junction has a rewritable structure, and is configured to have one of (i) a first resistance corresponding to first data, and (ii) a second resistance corresponding to second data;
wherein at least one second magnetic tunnel junction among the first portion of the second magnetic tunnel junctions has a third resistance corresponding to the first data, the at least one second magnetic tunnel junction having been programmed through a first one-time programming operation,
wherein at least one other second magnetic tunnel junction from among the first portion of the second magnetic tunnel junctions has a fourth resistance corresponding to the second data, the at least one other second magnetic tunnel junction having been programmed through a second one-time programming operation,
wherein the first to fourth resistances are different from each other,
wherein one or more of the plurality of first memory cells are configured as one or more first reference cells for a reading operation on the plurality of first memory cells, and one or more of the plurality of second memory cells are configured as one or more second reference cells for a reading operation on the plurality of second memory cells, and
wherein the one or more of the plurality of first memory cells includes one or more pairs of first memory cells, and a pair of first memory cells among the one or more pairs of first memory cells are connected in parallel to one of the first bit lines.

US Pat. No. 10,431,275

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING MAGNETIC JUNCTIONS HAVING HYBRID OXIDE AND NOBLE METAL CAPPING LAYERS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A magnetic apparatus residing on a substrate and usable in a magnetic device, the magnetic apparatus comprising:a magnetic junction; and
a hybrid capping layer adjacent to the magnetic junction, the hybrid capping layer including an insulating layer, a discontinuous oxide layer, and a noble metal layer, the discontinuous oxide layer being between the insulating layer and the noble metal layer, the insulating layer being between the magnetic junction and the noble metal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,274

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A semiconductor memory device, comprising:a plurality of banks, each having a dedicated line and sharing a global line;
a plurality of sub-global lines shared by neighboring banks among the plurality of banks;
a plurality of data input/output circuits coupled to the plurality of banks, respectively, through the dedicated line and coupling the dedicated lines of corresponding banks to the sub-global lines in response to bank strobe signals, respectively; and
a plurality of data intervention blocks corresponding to the plurality of sub-global lines, respectively, and coupling the global line to corresponding sub-global lines in response to a delayed write strobe signal or read strobe signals.

US Pat. No. 10,431,273

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A semiconductor memory device comprising:a row decoder provided on a semiconductor substrate; and
a memory cell array provided above the row decoder and including a first block,
wherein the first block includes:
a first region spreading along a first plane formed by a first direction that is an in-plane direction of the semiconductor substrate and a second direction that is the in-plane direction and is different from the first direction and having a first width along the second direction;
a second region spreading along the first plane, having a second width larger than the first width along the second direction, and being adjacent to the first region in the first direction; and
a third region spreading along the first plane, having a third width smaller than the first width along the second direction, and located between the first region and the second region to connect the first region and the second region,
wherein the first region, the second region, and the third region include a plurality of first word lines stacked along a third direction that is a vertical direction of the semiconductor substrate, and the first region further includes a first selection gate line provided above a first word line of an uppermost layer, and
the memory cell array further includes:
a first insulating layer buried in a first trench between the first region and the second region and being in contact with the third region in the second direction;
a first contact plug provided in the first insulating layer and electrically connected to the row decoder; and
a first interconnect configured to connect the first selection gate line and the first contact plug.

US Pat. No. 10,431,272

VOLTAGE CONTROL CIRCUIT INCLUDING ASSIST CIRCUIT AND MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A memory device comprising:a volatile memory cell array connected to a plurality of word lines and comprising a memory cell that comprises at least one transistor;
a word line driver connected to the plurality of word lines, wherein a first node is connected to the word line driver and receives a voltage derived from a main power supply voltage; and
an assist circuit comprising an N-channel metal oxide semiconductor (NMOS) transistor having a diode connection structure, the NMOS transistor having a drain to source path connected between the first node and a point of reference potential, the assist circuit adjusting a word line voltage of a word line among the plurality of word lines by performing voltage pull-down for the first node.

US Pat. No. 10,431,271

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING AN INDICATOR OF OPERATIONAL READINESS OF VARIOUS CIRCUITS OF A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FOLLOWING POWER UP

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

17. An apparatus, comprising:a supply voltage detection circuit configured to receive a supply voltage and further configured to provide a power up signal responsive to the supply voltage; and
a power supply ready circuit coupled to the first circuit, the second circuit configured to provide a ready detect signal that is active to a control circuit that enables a third circuit when the first signal is active.

US Pat. No. 10,431,270

APPARATUSES FOR MODULATING THRESHOLD VOLTAGES OF MEMORY CELLS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:first and second memory access lines;
a memory cell coupled to the first and second memory access lines and configured to have a threshold voltage; and
memory access circuits coupled to the first and second memory access lines and configured to apply a pre-bias voltage across the memory cell by the first and second memory access lines,
wherein the pre-bias voltage is initially held constant and then increased and held constant until a ratio of the increased pre-bias voltage to the threshold voltage is above a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,269

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING POWER CONSUMPTION IN MEMORY CIRCUITRY BY CONTROLLING PRECHARGE DURATION

Altera Corporation, San ...

1. A method of operating an integrated circuit, comprising:during a decode time period, using a decoder circuit to address a memory cell;
using a precharge circuit to precharge a bit line that is coupled to the memory cell;
keeping the precharge circuit turned off during the decode time period; and
after the bit line is precharged, asserting a word line signal to access the memory cell.

US Pat. No. 10,431,268

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MEMORY CONTROLLER RECEIVING DIFFERENTIAL SIGNAL

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a differential signal phase detector configured to receive a differential signal comprising a first signal and a second signal, detect a phase between the first and second signals, and generate a mode control signal according to the phase detected; and
a receiver configured to receive the differential signal and, based on the mode control signal, perform a processing operation using the differential signal in a differential mode, or, perform a processing operation using the first signal and a reference voltage in a single mode.

US Pat. No. 10,431,266

SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A semiconductor storage device, comprising:a first terminal configured to output a signal to an external device;
a plurality of first output buffers and a plurality of second output buffers connected to the first terminal;
a register configured to retain a first signal corresponding to the plurality of second output buffers and a second signal corresponding to the plurality of first output buffers;
a plurality of first pre-drivers, each first pre-driver connected to one of the plurality of first output buffers, each first pre-driver including a plurality of first transistors connected in parallel between a first inverter and a ground voltage supply terminal, wherein the plurality of first transistors are configured to operate in accordance with values of the first signal;
a plurality of second pre-drivers, each second pre-driver connected to one of the plurality of second output buffers, each second pre-driver including a plurality of second transistors connected in parallel between a second inverter and a power voltage supply terminal, wherein the plurality of second transistors are configured to operate in accordance with values of the second signal;
a first output control circuit connected to the plurality of first pre-drivers through a plurality of first signal lines, the first output control circuit configured to select at least one of the plurality of first signal lines in accordance with values of a third signal corresponding to a conversion of the second signal;
a second output control circuit connected to the plurality of second pre-drivers through a plurality of second signal lines, the second output control circuit configured to select at least one of the plurality of second signal lines in accordance with values of a fourth signal corresponding to a conversion of the first signal; and
a third output control circuit configured to transmit an output signal to the first and second output control circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,431,265

ADDRESS FAULT DETECTION IN A FLASH MEMORY SYSTEM

SILICON STORAGE TECHNOLOG...

1. A flash memory system, comprising:a memory array comprising flash memory cells arranged in rows and columns;
a row decoder for receiving a row address as an input, the row decoder coupled to a plurality of word lines, wherein each word line is coupled to a row of flash memory cells in the memory array;
an address fault detection array comprising memory cells arranged in rows and columns, wherein each of the plurality of word lines is coupled to a row in the address fault detection array; and
a comparator for comparing a row address received by the row decoder with a value output from the address fault detection array in response to an assertion of a word line by the row decoder and for indicating a fault if the compared values are different and for indicating a fault in response to the assertion of multiple word lines by the row decoder;
wherein the address fault detection array comprises a column of cells, wherein a first value in a cell indicates that bits in a row containing that cell were stored in an inverted manner and a second value in the cell indicates that bits in the row containing that cell were stored in a non-inverted manner.

US Pat. No. 10,431,264

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR PERFORMING LOGICAL OPERATIONS USING SENSING CIRCUITRY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A system, comprising:a host configured to generate instructions; and
a memory device comprising an array of memory cells coupled to sensing circuitry comprising a sense amplifier and a compute component, wherein the memory device is configured to:
receive an instruction from the host; and
execute the instruction to perform at least one of a NAND operation and an AND operation using data values stored in the array as inputs by controlling the sensing circuitry without transferring data externally from the array and the sensing circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,431,263

SIMULATING ACCESS LINES

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving a first bit-vector and a second bit-vector in a format associated with storing the first bit-vector in memory cells coupled to a first access line and a first number of sense lines and storing the second bit-vector in memory cells coupled to the first access line and a second number of sense lines, wherein each of the memory cells of the first number of sense lines are separated from another memory cell of the first number of sense lines by at least one memory cell of the second number of sense lines;
merging the first bit-vector and the second bit vector into a format associated with storing the first bit-vector in a number of memory cells coupled to the first access line and a third number of sense lines and storing the second bit-vector in a number of memory cells coupled to a second access line and the third number of sense lines; and
performing an operation on the first bit-vector and the second bit-vector.

US Pat. No. 10,431,262

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OPERATIONS OF MEMORY DEVICE, ASSOCIATED MEMORY DEVICE AND CONTROLLER THEREOF, AND ASSOCIATED ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Silicon Motion Inc., Hsi...

1. A method for controlling operations of a memory device, the memory device comprising a non-volatile (NV) memory, the NV memory comprising at least one NV memory element, the method comprising:before a voltage-drop event regarding a driving voltage occurs, respectively mapping a rising reference voltage and a falling reference voltage to a first reference voltage and a second reference voltage generated by a reference voltage generating circuit in the memory device, to respectively select the first reference voltage and the second reference voltage as the rising reference voltage and the falling reference voltage, wherein the memory device retrieves the driving voltage from a host device, the reference voltage generating circuit generates at least one portion of a plurality of candidate reference voltages, the at least one portion of the plurality of candidate reference voltages comprises the first reference voltage and the second reference voltage, and the first reference voltage is greater than the second reference voltage;
using a voltage detector in the memory device to monitor the driving voltage according to the second reference voltage selected as the falling reference voltage, to determine whether the voltage-drop event occurs;
when the voltage-drop event occurs, pausing at least one access operations to the NV memory, and respectively mapping the rising reference voltage and the falling reference voltage to another first reference voltage and another second reference voltage generated by the reference voltage generating circuit, to respectively select the another first reference voltage and the another second reference voltage as the rising reference voltage and the falling reference voltage, wherein the at least one portion of the plurality of candidate reference voltages comprises the another first reference voltage and the another second reference voltage, and the another first reference voltage is greater than the another second reference voltage;
using the voltage detector to monitor the driving voltage according to the another first reference voltage selected as the rising reference voltage, to determine whether the voltage-drop event ends; and
when the voltage-drop event ends, respectively mapping the rising reference voltage and the falling reference voltage to the first reference voltage and the second reference voltage, to respectively select the first reference voltage and the second reference voltage as the rising reference voltage and the falling reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,431,261

FLEXIBLE-MOUNT ELECTRICAL CONNECTION

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A flexible-mount electrical connection comprising:a mating connector configured to physically couple with a hard drive connector; and
a plurality of electrical pins that suspend the mating connector over a void in a printed circuit board (PCB), each electrical pin having:
a connector portion positioned within the mating connector configured to electrically couple with hard drive connector pins positioned within the hard drive connector; and
an extended portion extending externally away from the mating connector, the extended portion having:
an attachment portion configured to electrically couple the electrical pin to the PCB; and
a curved shape formed therein configured to reduce transmission of vibrations in the connector portion along each axis of a three-dimensional space to the attachment portion.

US Pat. No. 10,431,260

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising circuitry configured to:acquire time data relating to a state of an object in each process of an operation performed on the object, the operation including at least one process;
calculate an achievement value indicating a state of each process, based on the time data acquired;
compare the achievement value of each process with a reference value; and
generate a chart that visually represents a result of comparison for each process, the visual representation of the result of comparison being different according to the result of comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,431,257

DATA CENTER DUAL STAGE DRIVE WITH DATA STRIPING

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A disk drive comprising:a first magnetic head and a second magnetic head;
a voice-coil motor configured for coarse positioning of the first magnetic head and the second magnetic head;
a first microactuator coupled to the voice-coil motor and the first magnetic head;
a second microactuator coupled to the voice-coil motor and the second magnetic head; and
a controller configured to:
receive from a host device a write command that includes a set of data that has a first data block and a second data block;
select a first storage block disposed on a first disk surface for storing the first data block and a second storage block disposed on a second disk surface for storing the second data block;
position the first magnetic head over the first storage block with the voice-coil motor, the first microactuator, and a first servo controller and writing the first data block to the first storage block; and
position the second magnetic head over the second storage block with the voice-coil motor, the second microactuator, and a second servo controller and writing the second data block to the second storage block.

US Pat. No. 10,431,256

METHOD OF PERFORMING READ/WRITE PROCESS ON RECORDING MEDIUM, PARAMETER ADJUSTMENT METHOD, STORAGE DEVICE, COMPUTER SYSTEM, AND STORAGE MEDIUM EMPLOYING THE METHODS

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

11. A storage device comprising:a recording medium comprising a plurality of tracks, each of the plurality of tracks comprising a plurality of data sectors;
a media interface which writes information to, or reads information from, the recording medium by accessing the recording medium;
a processor which controls the media interface to write data to, or read data from, the plurality of data sectors of a target track of the recording medium; and
a memory containing code objects configured to cause the processor to
write test data to the plurality of data sectors of the target track,
read the test data from the plurality of data sectors of the target track,
count a total number of error-corrected error correcting code (“ECC”) symbols in the read of each of the plurality of data sectors,
determine whether the total number of error-corrected ECC symbols of a data sector exceeds a first threshold value,
upon determining that the total number of error-corrected ECC symbols exceeds the first threshold value, determining the data sector to be a defective sector,
analyze a distribution of defective data sectors on the target track to determine whether an area of the track containing the defective data sectors is greater than a second threshold,
upon determining that the area of the target track is greater than the second threshold, determine whether corresponding defective areas occur in one or more consecutive adjacent tracks of the target track, and
upon determining that corresponding defective areas occur in one or more consecutive adjacent tracks of the target track, determine the area of the target track and the corresponding areas of the one or more consecutive adjacent tracks including the defective data sectors to be a massive defective area.

US Pat. No. 10,431,255

MAGNETIC-TAPE STORAGE APPARATUS

UNITEX CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A magnetic-tape storage apparatus comprisinga housing;
a cartridge storage part provided in the housing to store a plurality of cartridges respectively having a wound magnetic tape and a memory chip which can be read contactlessly;
a magnetic tape drive provided in the housing to perform reading, writing and rewinding of each magnetic tape of the cartridges;
a cartridge transfer device provided in the housing to selectively transfer each of the cartridges stored in the cartridge storage part to the magnetic tape drive and to return the transferred cartridge to an original position;
a cartridge data reading device disposed on the cartridge transfer device to selectively and contactlessly read data retained in each memory chip of the cartridges stored in the cartridge storage part; and
a controller provided to the housing to control the magnetic tape drive and the cartridge transfer device so that a cartridge requiring rewriting is found based on the data read by the cartridge data reading device, and that a magnetic tape of the found cartridge is rewound;wherein each memory chip of the cartridges retains a rewinding history of the corresponding cartridge;wherein the cartridge storage part stores the cartridges aligned in the left-right direction on a base plate;wherein the cartridge transfer device comprisesa slide frame directed in the front-rear direction and provided in the housing so as to move in the left-right direction above or below the cartridges stored in the cartridge storage part,
a left-right moving device moving the slide frame in the left-right direction,
a slider mounted on the slide frame so as to move in the front-rear direction,
a front-rear moving device moving the slider in the front-rear direction along the slide frame,
an engaging member disposed on the slider and selectively engaging with/disengaging from a concavity formed on the top face of each of the cartridges stored in the cartridge storage part,
an engaging/disengaging driving device moving the engaging member between an engaged position at which the engaging member engages with the concavity of each of the cartridge and an disengaged position at which the engaging member disengages from the concavity, and
a moving receiving member integrally formed with the slide frame so as to be positioned behind the base plate, and receiving a cartridge moved to behind the base plate by engaging the engaging member with the concavity;and wherein the cartridge data reading device on the slide frame is disposed at a position facing to a memory chip of the cartridges stored in the cartridge storage part.

US Pat. No. 10,431,254

SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING AN ACCLIMATION ENCLOSURE FOR A DATA STORAGE LIBRARY

International Business Ma...

1. An enclosure configured to surround at least one library access opening that permits access to an interior of a data storage library, the enclosure comprising:a plurality of side wall panels configured to surround the data storage library and the at least one library access opening, wherein at least one of the plurality of side wall panels is configured to permit access to the at least one library access opening of the data storage library;
at least one top panel coupled to the plurality of side wall panels and disposed over a top surface of the data storage library so as to enclose the data storage library to form a chamber around the data storage library;
a plurality of top side panels coupled to the plurality of side wall panels and the at least one top panel, wherein each of the top side panels is configured to extend only to at least one environmental conditioning unit enclosure coupled to the top surface of the data storage library such that waste heat generated by at least one environmental conditioning unit within the at least one environmental conditioning unit enclosure is not captured within the enclosure;
at least one enclosure access opening in the at least one of the plurality of side wall panels to permit access to an interior of the chamber; and
at least one vent formed in at least one of the plurality of side wall panels, wherein the at least one vent is separate from the at least one enclosure access opening, and further wherein the at least one vent is configured to selectively allow ambient external air from outside the enclosure to intrude into the chamber,
wherein the enclosure is configured to selectively permit environmental conditions within the chamber to acclimate between environmental conditions outside the enclosure and environmental conditions within the data storage library.

US Pat. No. 10,431,253

WAVEGUIDE INPUT COUPLER WITH ASYMMETRIC TAPER

Seagate Technology, LLC, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:an input waveguide disposed on a substrate-parallel plane and configured to receive light from an input surface of the apparatus;
a mode converter joining the input waveguide at a junction away from the input surface, the mode converter converting the light from a fundamental mode to a higher-order mode; and
an input coupler proximate to and overlapping the mode converter parallel to the substrate-parallel plane and offset therefrom in a downtrack direction, the input coupler extending from the input surface to an output end of the mode converter and comprising first and second edges forming an asymmetric taper that transitions from a wider crosstrack dimension near the input surface to a narrower crosstrack dimension away from the input surface, the mode converter located between the first and second edges.

US Pat. No. 10,431,252

SUBSTRATE FOR MAGNETIC DISK AND MAGNETIC DISK

HOYA CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An annular substrate to be polished for manufacturing a magnetic-disk substrate having a circular hole at a center, and comprising a pair of main surfaces and a side wall surface orthogonal to the main surfaces,a roundness of the circular hole being 1.5 ?m or less,
in the side wall surface of the circular hole, three outlines in a circumferential direction of the side wall surface, which include an outline at a center position of a thickness of the substrate and outlines at two positions that are spaced apart from the center position in opposite directions along a substrate thickness direction by a predetermined distance, being obtained,
a difference between a maximum value and a minimum value of radii of three inscribed circles that are respectively derived from the three outlines being 3.5 ?m or less, and
when positions spaced apart from the center position in the opposite directions along the substrate thickness direction by 200 ?m exist on the side wall surface, the predetermined distance being 200 ?m, and when positions spaced apart from the center position in the opposite directions of the substrate thickness direction by 200 ?m do not exist on the side wall surface, the predetermined distance being 100 ?m,
a substrate thickness of the annular substrate being 0.8 mm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,431,251

MAGNETIC TAPE DEVICE AND MAGNETIC REPRODUCING METHOD

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A magnetic tape device comprising:a magnetic tape; and
a reproducing head,
wherein the reproducing head is a magnetic head including a tunnel magnetoresistance effect type element as a reproducing element,
the magnetic tape includes a non-magnetic support, and a magnetic layer including ferromagnetic powder, a binding agent, and fatty acid ester on the non-magnetic support,
a center line average surface roughness Ra measured regarding a surface of the magnetic layer is equal to or smaller than 2.0 nm,
a full width at half maximum of spacing distribution measured by optical interferometry regarding the surface of the magnetic layer before performing a vacuum heating with respect to the magnetic tape is greater than 0 nm and equal to or smaller than 7.0 nm,
a full width at half maximum of spacing distribution measured by optical interferometry regarding the surface of the magnetic layer after performing the vacuum heating with respect to the magnetic tape is greater than 0 nm and equal to or smaller than 7.0 nm,
a difference Safter?Sbefore between a spacing Safter measured by optical interferometry regarding the surface of the magnetic layer after performing the vacuum heating with respect to the magnetic tape and a spacing Sbefore measured by optical interferometry regarding the surface of the magnetic layer before performing the vacuum heating with respect to the magnetic tape is greater than 0 nm and equal to or smaller than 8.0 nm, and
?SFD in a longitudinal direction of the magnetic tape calculated by Expression 1 is equal to or smaller than 0.50,
?SFD=SFD25° C.?SFD?190° C.  Expression 1
in Expression 1, the SFD25° C. is a switching field distribution SFD measured in a longitudinal direction of the magnetic tape at a temperature of 25° C., and the SFD?190° C. is a switching field distribution SFD measured in a longitudinal direction of the magnetic tape at a temperature of ?190° C.

US Pat. No. 10,431,250

MAGNETIC TAPE HAVING CHARACTERIZED MAGNETIC LAYER

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A magnetic tape comprising:a non-magnetic support; and
a magnetic layer including ferromagnetic powder and a binding agent on the non-magnetic support,
wherein the center line average surface roughness Ra measured regarding the surface of the magnetic layer is equal to or smaller than 1.8 nm,
the logarithmic decrement acquired by a pendulum viscoelasticity test performed regarding the surface of the magnetic layer is 0.010 to 0.050,
?SFD in a longitudinal direction of the magnetic tape calculated by Expression 1 is equal to or greater than 0.35,
?SFD=SFD25° C.?SFD?190° C.  Expression 1
in Expression 1, the SFD25° C. is the switching field distribution SFD measured in a longitudinal direction of the magnetic tape at a temperature of 25° C., and the SFD?190° C. is the switching field distribution SFD measured in a longitudinal direction of the magnetic tape at a temperature of ?190° C., and
the logarithmic decrement on the magnetic layer side is determined by the following method:
securing a measurement sample of the magnetic tape with the measurement surface, which is the surface on the magnetic layer side, facing upward on a substrate in a pendulum viscoelasticity tester;
disposing a columnar cylinder edge which is 4 mm in diameter and equipped with a pendulum 13 g in weight on the measurement surface of the measurement sample such that the long axis direction of the columnar cylinder edge runs parallel to the longitudinal direction of the measurement sample;
raising the surface temperature of the substrate on which the measurement sample has been positioned at a rate of less than or equal to 5° C./min up to 80° C.;
inducing initial oscillation of the pendulum;
monitoring the displacement of the pendulum while it is oscillating to obtain a displacement-time curve for a measurement interval of greater than or equal to 10 minutes; and
obtaining the logarithmic decrement ? from the following equation:

wherein the interval from one minimum displacement to the next minimum displacement is adopted as one wave period; the number of waves contained in the displacement-time curve during one measurement interval is denoted by n, the difference between the minimum displacement and the maximum displacement of the nth wave is denoted by An, and the logarithmic decrement is calculated using the difference between the next minimum displacement and maximum displacement of the nth wave (An+1 in the above equation).

US Pat. No. 10,431,247

MAGNETIC HEAD CONTROL CAPABLE OF AVOIDANCE MEDIA BUMPS DURING SEEKING PROCESS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A magnetic disk drive comprising:a selector selecting a plurality of evaluation commands in order in a command reordering operation;
a determiner determining whether media bumps which influence a dynamic flying height (DFH) control exist in a seek section between completion of a previous command and start of a selected evaluation command or not; and
a calculator calculating a delay time necessary for avoidance of the media bumps if it is determined by the determiner that the media bumps which influence the dynamic flying height (DFH) control exist; wherein
the reordering operation compares a latency time which is obtained by summing a seek time which is determined in accordance with a seek distance, a rotational latency time which is determined after a seek completion and the delay time of each of a plurality of evaluation commands, and selects the evaluation command of the shortest latency time as the command to be next processed.

US Pat. No. 10,431,246

DUAL ACTUATOR STORAGE DEVICE UTILIZING MULTIPLE DISK ZONES

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a first actuator assembly comprising a first head configured to write to a recording surface of a magnetic disk;
a second actuator assembly comprising a second head configured to write to the recording surface simultaneously with the first head; and
a controller coupled to the first and second actuator assemblies, the controller configured to:
divide the recording surface into first and second zones; and
cause the first and second heads to write exclusively to the first and second zones respectively, wherein the first and second zones comprise respective two or more first groups of track and two or more second groups of tracks, the first group of tracks interleaved between the second group of tracks.

US Pat. No. 10,431,245

PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT HAVING POLYMER COATING, PIEZOELECTRIC ACTUATOR USING SAID PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT, AND HEAD SUSPENSION USING SAID PIEZOELECTRIC ACTUATOR

NHK Spring Co., Ltd., Ka...

1. A piezoelectric element, comprising:an element body configured to deform, so as to elongate and contract along a deformation direction, in response to a voltage applied thereto;
electrodes formed on opposite sides of the element body;
peripheral end faces defining a peripheral shape of the element body; and
polymer coatings formed by vapor deposition polymerization to have first portions and second portions, the first portions coating at least respective opposite end faces of the peripheral end faces of the element body in an orthogonal direction relative to the deformation direction, and the second portions continuously extending from the first portions and located on respective side portions of one of the electrodes in said orthogonal direction to coat the side portions of said one of the electrodes so that said one of the electrodes has an exposed portion exposing outside at a middle portion defined in said orthogonal direction between the side portions that are covered with the second portions of polymer coatings.

US Pat. No. 10,431,244

DEVICES INCLUDING A NEAR FIELD TRANSDUCER (NFT) INCLUDING PEG AND DISC FROM DIFFERENT MATERIALS

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A device having an air bearing surface (ABS), the device comprising:a near field transducer (NFT) comprising:
a disc configured to convert photons incident thereon into plasmons; and
a peg configured to couple plasmons coupled from the disc into an adjacent magnetic storage medium,
wherein the peg extends beyond the disc, and the peg comprises rhodium (Rh), aluminum (Al), iridium (Ir), silver (Ag), copper (Cu), palladium (Pd), platinum (Pt), alloys thereof, or combinations thereof and
wherein the disc comprises a disc material comprising gold or a gold alloy and the peg comprises a peg material, wherein the disc material is different from the peg material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,243

SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS, SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD, SIGNAL PROCESSING PROGRAM

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

4. A signal processing method implemented using a signal processing apparatus, the method comprising:transforming, by the signal processing apparatus, input signal samples into frames of amplitude components representing different frequencies in a frequency domain;
smoothing, by the signal processing apparatus, the amplitude components along time to obtain time-smoothed amplitude components,
smoothing, by the signal processing apparatus, the time-smoothed amplitude components along frequency to obtain frequency-smoothed amplitude components;
calculating, by the signal processing apparatus, differences of the frequency-smoothed amplitude components along the frequency;
accumulating, by the signal processing apparatus, the differences to obtain an accumulated value; and
analyzing, by the signal processing apparatus, the input signal samples to detect a male voice in accordance with the accumulated value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,242

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IDENTIFYING SPEECH BASED ON SPECTRAL FEATURES

GoPro, Inc., San Mateo, ...

1. A system that identifies speech, the system comprising:one or more physical processors configured by machine-readable instructions to:
access audio information defining audio content, the audio content having a duration;
segment the audio content into audio segments, individual audio segments corresponding to a portion of the duration, the audio segments including a first audio segment corresponding to a first portion of the duration;
determine energy features of the audio segments, the energy features characterizing energy of the audio segments, the energy features including a first energy feature of the first audio segment;
determine entropy features of the audio segments, the entropy features characterizing spectral flatness of the audio segments, the entropy features including a first entropy feature of the first audio segment;
determine frequency features of the audio segments, the frequency features characterizing highest frequencies of the audio segments, the frequency features including a first frequency feature of the first audio segment;
identify one or more of the audio segments as containing speech based on the energy features, the entropy features, and the frequency features by generating a binary curve indicating the one or more of the audio segments as containing speech, wherein the first audio segment is identified as containing speech based on the first energy feature, the first entropy feature, and the first frequency feature, wherein the binary curve is smoothed based on a number of silent audio segments; and
effectuate storage of the identification of the one or more of the audio segments as containing speech in a storage medium.

US Pat. No. 10,431,241

SPEECH ENHANCEMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a plurality of microphones disposed on an upper part of the electronic device;
a processor configured to:
operate in a first mode, in which an estimation of a direction of a user and a beamforming operation based on the estimated direction are deactivated, to:
receive at least one signal from any one or any combination of the plurality of microphones; and
determine whether the received at least one signal is associated with a speech of the user to activate the deactivated estimation of the direction and the deactivated beamforming operation;
based on the at least one signal being determined to be associated with the speech of the user, operate in a second mode, in which the estimation of the direction and the beamforming operation are activated, to:
estimate the direction of the user, based on a difference between at least two of a plurality of signals that is received from at least two of the plurality of microphones; and
based at least on the estimated direction, beamform the received plurality of signals such that at least one of the plurality of signals from the estimated direction is emphasized and at least another one of the plurality of signals is suppressed; and
output the plurality of beamformed signals to perform speech recognition based on the plurality of beamformed signals.

US Pat. No. 10,431,240

SPEECH ENHANCEMENT METHOD AND SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A speech enhancement method comprising:receiving at least one speech signal;
generating a first speech signal by performing a primary speech enhancement on the at least one speech signal;
selecting a noise removing gain corresponding to the first speech signal from pre-learned noise removing gain information; and
generating a second speech signal by performing a secondary speech enhancement on the first speech signal based on the selected noise removing gain,
wherein the selecting of the noise removing gain comprises:
obtaining an a priori signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and an a posteriori SNR regarding the first speech signal; and
selecting the noise removing gain corresponding to the a priori SNR and the a posteriori SNR, from among a plurality of noise removing gains included in the pre-learned noise removing gain information.

US Pat. No. 10,431,239

HEARING SYSTEM

1. A binaural hearing aid system comprising a first hearing aid device configured to be worn at, behind and/or in an ear of a user, and a second hearing aid device configured to be worn at, behind and/or in an ear of a user, wherein the first hearing aid device comprises:a direction sensitive input sound transducer unit configured to convert acoustical sound signals into electrical noisy sound signals,
a wireless sound receiver unit configured to receive wireless sound signals from a remote device, the wireless sound signals representing noiseless electrical sound signals,
and
a memory storing sets of head related impulse responses for different positions relative to the direction sensitive input transducer unit,
wherein a processing unit is configured to estimate the direction to an active source, and the processing unit configured to map the electrical noisy sound signals and the wireless sound signals into binaural electrical output signals by convolving the noiseless electrical sound signals with the set of the head related impulse responses stored in the memory in correspondence with the estimated sound source location.

US Pat. No. 10,431,238

MEMORY AND COMPUTATION EFFICIENT CROSS-CORRELATION AND DELAY ESTIMATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A memory-efficient and computation-efficient cross-correlator for audio signals, comprising:a first array in memory;
a second array in memory;
a cross-correlation array in memory;
a processor configured to receive a first audio signal, partition a first segment of the first audio signal into a first plurality of shorter segments, combine the first plurality of shorter segments into a first combined segment that is less than a size of the first segment, and write the first combined segment into the first array;
the processor configured to receive a second audio signal, partition a second segment of the second audio signal into a second plurality of shorter segments, and combine the second plurality of shorter segments into a second combined segment that is less than a size of the second segment, and write the second combined segment into the second array; and
the processor configured to cross-correlate the first combined segment, from the first array, and the second combined segment, from the second array, into a cross-correlation result and write the cross-correlation result into the cross-correlation array.

US Pat. No. 10,431,237

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING SPEECH INTELLIGIBILITY AT AN AUDIO DEVICE

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A device comprising:a microphone;
a transmitter; and
a controller having access to a memory storing a plurality of preconfigured voice tags associated with respective noise levels, each of the plurality of preconfigured voice tags comprising a respective voice recording of a given user,
the controller configured to:
determine a noise level at the microphone;
select a voice tag, of the plurality of preconfigured voice tags, based on the noise-level;
determine an intelligibility rating of a mix of the voice tag and noise received at the microphone; and
when the intelligibility rating is below a threshold intelligibility rating, enhance speech from the given user received at the microphone based on the intelligibility rating prior to transmitting, at the transmitter, a signal representing intelligibility enhanced speech.

US Pat. No. 10,431,236

DYNAMIC PITCH ADJUSTMENT OF INBOUND AUDIO TO IMPROVE SPEECH RECOGNITION

Sphero, Inc., Boulder, C...

1. A system for dynamically adjusting the pitch of inbound audio, comprising:at least one processor; and
memory encoding computer executable instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, perform a method comprising:
receiving an input audio segment;
detecting one or more clusters of speech input within the input audio segment;
detecting an average pitch for at least one of the one or more clusters of speech input;
determining, based on at least the average pitch and an expected content for the input audio segment, whether the pitch of the input audio segment should be adjusted;
based on determining that the pitch should be adjusted, adjusting the pitch of at least one of the one or more speech clusters to generate an adjusted audio segment; and
transmitting the adjusted audio segment to a speech recognition component.

US Pat. No. 10,431,235

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SPEECH ADAPTATION DATA

Elwha LLC, Bellevue, WA ...

1. A method for controlling a computer processor to perform operations comprising:detecting speech data of a particular party at a personal device of the particular party, the speech data being related to a speech-facilitated interaction of the particular party with a target device;
acquiring at the personal device adaptation data that is at least partly based on at least one previous speech interaction of the particular party;
converting the speech data at the personal device into converted data based at least partly on feedback from the target device at least indicating that the target device is able to process the converted data more quickly than the speech data; and
transmitting the adaptation data and the converted data from the personal device to the target device to facilitate speech recognition.

US Pat. No. 10,431,234

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING VOICE DATA IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An operating method of a transmission terminal for transmitting an audio signal, the method comprising:generating bandwidth information indicating a first bandwidth range, and bit rate information indicating a first bit rate range;
transmitting the bandwidth information indicating a first bandwidth range and the bit rate information indicating a first bit rate range to a reception terminal;
receiving combination determination information from the reception terminal;
compressing the audio signal according to the received combination determination information; and
transmitting the compressed audio signal to the reception terminal,
wherein the combination determination information is determined based on bandwidth information indicating a second bandwidth range, and bit rate information indicating a second bit rate range, by the reception terminal, and
wherein the second bandwidth range is comprised in the first bandwidth range, and the second bit rate range is comprised in the first bit rate range.

US Pat. No. 10,431,233

METHODS, ENCODER AND DECODER FOR LINEAR PREDICTIVE ENCODING AND DECODING OF SOUND SIGNALS UPON TRANSITION BETWEEN FRAMES HAVING DIFFERENT SAMPLING RATES

VoiceAge EVS LLC, Newpor...

1. A method for encoding a sound signal, comprising:sampling the sound signal during successive sound signal processing frames;
producing, in response to the sampled sound signal, parameters for encoding the sound signal during the successive frames, wherein the sound signal encoding parameters include linear predictive (LP) filter parameters, wherein producing the LP filter parameters comprises, upon switching from a first one of the frames using an internal sampling rate S1 to a second one of the frames using an internal sampling rate S2, converting LP filter parameters from the first frame from the internal sampling rate S1 to the internal sampling rate S2, and wherein converting the LP filter parameters from the first frame comprises:
computing, at the internal sampling rate S1, a power spectrum of a LP synthesis filter using the LP filter parameters;
modifying the power spectrum of the LP synthesis filter to convert it from the internal sampling rate S1 to the internal sampling rate S2 based on a ratio between the internal sampling rates S1 and S2;
inverse transforming the modified power spectrum of the LP synthesis filter to determine autocorrelations of the LP synthesis filter at the internal sampling rate S2; and
using the autocorrelations to compute the LP filter parameters at the internal sampling rate S2; and
encoding the sound signal encoding parameters into a bitstream.

US Pat. No. 10,431,232

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SYNTHESIZING AN AUDIO SIGNAL, DECODER, ENCODER, SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An apparatus for synthesizing an audio signal, comprising:a processing unit configured to apply a spectral tilt to the code of a codebook used for synthesizing a current frame of the audio signal,
wherein the spectral tilt is based on the spectral tilt of the current frame of the audio signal,
wherein the apparatus is configured to determine the spectral tilt of the current frame of the audio signal on the basis of spectral envelope information for the current frame of the audio signal,
wherein the processing unit is configured to apply the spectral tilt by filtering the code from the codebook based on a transfer function modeling the spectral tilt, and
wherein the processing unit comprises a hardware implementation.

US Pat. No. 10,431,231

HIGH-BAND RESIDUAL PREDICTION WITH TIME-DOMAIN INTER-CHANNEL BANDWIDTH EXTENSION

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A device comprising:a low-band mid signal decoder configured to decode a low-band portion of an encoded mid signal to generate a decoded low-band mid signal;
a low-band residual prediction unit configured to process the decoded low-band mid signal to generate a low-band residual prediction signal;
an up-mix processor configured to generate a low-band left channel and a low-band right channel based partially on the decoded low-band mid signal and the low-band residual prediction signal;
a high-band mid signal decoder configured to decode a high-band portion of the encoded mid signal to generate a time-domain decoded high-band mid signal;
a high-band residual prediction unit configured to process the time-domain decoded high-band mid signal to generate a time-domain high-band residual prediction signal; and
an inter-channel bandwidth extension decoder configured to generate a high-band left channel and a high-band right channel based on the time-domain decoded high-band mid signal and the time-domain high-band residual prediction signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,230

DOWNSCALED DECODING

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An audio decoder configured to decode an audio signal at a first sampling rate from a data stream into which the audio signal is transform coded at a second sampling rate, the first sampling rate being 1/Fth of the second sampling rate, the audio decoder comprising:a receiver configured to receive, per frame of length N of the audio signal, N spectral coefficients;
a grabber configured to grab-out for each frame, a low-frequency fraction of length N/F out of the N spectral coefficients;
a spectral-to-time modulator configured to subject, for each frame, the low-frequency fraction to an inverse transform comprising modulation functions of length (E+2)·N/F temporally extending over the respective frame and E+1 previous frames so as to acquire a temporal portion of length (E+2)·N/F;
a windower configured to window, for each frame, the temporal portion using a synthesis window of length (E+2)·N/F comprising a zero-portion of length ¼·N/F at a leading end thereof and comprising a peak within a temporal interval of the synthesis window, the temporal interval succeeding the zero-portion and comprising length 7/4·N/F so that the windower acquires a windowed temporal portion of length (E+2)·N/F; and
a time domain aliasing canceler configured to subject the windowed temporal portion of the frames to an overlap-add process so that a trailing-end fraction of length (E+1)/(E+2) of the windowed temporal portion of a current frame overlaps a leading end of length (E+1)/(E+2) of the windowed temporal portion of a preceding frame,
wherein the inverse transform is an inverse MDCT or inverse MDST, and
wherein the synthesis window is a downsampled version of a reference synthesis window of length (E+2)·N, downsampled by a factor of F by a segmental interpolation in segments of length ¼·N.

US Pat. No. 10,431,228

PROVING FILE OWNERSHIP

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving a first digital fingerprint;
using first and second information unpredictable to another system to modify a digital representation of an instance of content to result in a modified digital representation of the instance of content, wherein the modified digital representation is generated by permutating segments of the digital representation of the instance of content based on the first information, wherein a size of the segments of the digital representation of the instance of content is determined based on the second information;
calculating, based at least in part on the modified digital representation of the instance of content, a second digital fingerprint using a fingerprinting algorithm configured to produce matching digital fingerprints from different digital encodings of the same content;
verifying that the first digital fingerprint matches the second digital fingerprint; and
performing one or more operations corresponding to the first digital fingerprint matching the second digital fingerprint, wherein the one or more operations include providing access to the content.

US Pat. No. 10,431,226

FRAME LOSS CORRECTION WITH VOICE INFORMATION

ORANGE, Paris (FR)

1. A non-transitory computer readable medium storing a code of a computer program, wherein said computer program comprises instructions for implementing, when the program is executed by a processor, a method for processing a digital audio signal comprising a series of samples distributed in successive frames, the method being implemented when decoding said signal in order to replace at least one lost signal frame during decoding,the method comprising the steps of:a) searching, in a valid signal segment available when decoding, for at least one period in the signal, determined based on said valid signal,
b) analyzing the signal in said period, in order to determine spectral components of the signal in said period,
c) synthesizing at least one replacement for the lost frame, by constructing a synthesis signal from:
an addition of components selected from among said determined spectral components, and
noise added to the addition of components,
wherein the amount of noise added to the addition of components is weighted based on voice information of the valid signal, obtained when decoding,
wherein the voice information is supplied in a bitstream received in decoding and corresponding to said signal comprising a series of samples distributed in successive frames,
wherein, in a case of frame loss in decoding, the voice information contained in a valid signal frame preceding the lost frame is used,
wherein the voice information comes from an encoder generating the bitstream and determining the voice information,
wherein the voice information is encoded in a single bit in the bitstream,
wherein, in step a), the period is searched for in a valid signal segment of greater length in the case of voicing in the valid signal, and wherein:
if the signal is voiced, the period is searched for in a valid signal segment of a duration of more than 30 milliseconds,
and if not, the period is searched for in a valid signal segment of a duration of less than 30 milliseconds.

US Pat. No. 10,431,225

SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION ASSISTED BY CATEGORICAL CUES

International Business Ma...

1. A computer implemented method for identifying one or more speaker from a media file, comprising:obtaining, by one or more processor, a media file having a speech by one or more speaker;
identifying the language of the speech by analyzing semantics of the language;
generating speaker biographic data in preconfigured categories by analyzing vocal characteristics and frequently used words of the speech;
diarizing the media file by adjusting boundaries of segments of the media file and identifying respective speaker for each segment;
evaluating a confidence associated with a speaker as identified from the diarizing;
adjusting a speaker label corresponding to the speaker to include the speaker, the language, and the speaker biographic data, responsive to determining that the confidence from the evaluating satisfies a preconfigured confidence threshold;
producing the speaker label resulting from the adjusting as speaker metadata for a segment corresponding to the speaker, wherein the generating includes comparing frequently used words of the speech with corresponding vocal characteristics and frequently used words of a plurality of speaker groups, wherein the preconfigured categories are preconfigured demographic categories;
discovering a match in the frequently used words of the speech and of a certain speaker group of the plurality of speaker groups; and
including in the speaker biographic data biographic feature data of a first preconfigured category of the preconfigured categories for the certain speaker group based on the discovering.

US Pat. No. 10,431,224

ALWAYS-ON AUDIO CONTROL FOR MOBILE DEVICE

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:one or more processors;
at least one memory controller; and
a first circuit coupled to the one or more processors and to the memory controller, wherein:
the first circuit is configured to receive audio samples captured by one or more audio input devices and to detect a predetermined pattern in the audio samples during a time that the one or more processors and the memory controller are powered down;
the first circuit is configured to cause the memory controller and the one or more processors to power up responsive to detecting the predetermined pattern, wherein a first delay to initialize the memory controller is less than a second delay to prepare the one or more processors to process the audio samples; and
the first circuit is configured to buffer the audio samples that match the pattern and subsequently-received samples during the first delay, write the audio samples that match the predetermined pattern and subsequently-received samples to memory through the memory controller subsequent to the first delay, and write additional samples received between an end of the first delay and an end of the second delay to the memory through the memory controller.

US Pat. No. 10,431,223

LOCATION-BASED RESPONSES TO TELEPHONE REQUESTS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at a first computer system, audio data associated with a verbal request from a user, the user associated with a computing device;
converting, by the first computer system, the received audio data into a symbolic representation of content of the verbal request;
generating, by the first computer system, an application identifier for a particular application to be launched on the computing device, the particular application indicated by the content of the verbal request; and
transmitting the symbolic representation and the application identifier to the computing device, the symbolic representation and the application identifier when received by the computing device causing the computing device to:
launch the particular application installed on the computing device;
transmit a query to a second computer system that corresponds to the particular application, the query based on the symbolic representation of the verbal request;
receive a response to the query from the second computer system; and
present the response to the query through an interface of the computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,222

PROACTIVE INCORPORATION OF UNSOLICITED CONTENT INTO HUMAN-TO-COMPUTER DIALOGS

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method implemented by one or more processors, comprising:identifying an entity based on a state of a media or gaming software application being executed on a first client device operated by a user, wherein the entity is identified without using explicit input from the user;
determining that an automated assistant operating on a second client device associated with the user has no outstanding obligations to the user, wherein the first and second client devices are part of a coordinated ecosystem of client devices;
identifying one or more facts about the entity based on entity data contained in one or more databases;
determining, for each of the one or more facts, a corresponding measure of potential interest to the user;
generating, by one or more of the processors, unsolicited natural language content, wherein the unsolicited natural language content includes one or more of the facts selected based on the corresponding one or more measures of potential interest; and
after the determination that the automated assistant has no outstanding obligations to the user, incorporating, by the automated assistant into a new or existing human-to-computer dialog session between the user and the automated assistant, the unsolicited natural language content, wherein the incorporating causes the unsolicited natural language content to be automatically output to the user as part of the new or existing human-to-computer dialog session.

US Pat. No. 10,431,221

APPARATUS FOR SELECTING AT LEAST ONE TASK BASED ON VOICE COMMAND, VEHICLE INCLUDING THE SAME, AND METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for selecting a task based on a voice command comprising:receiving voices from a plurality of speakers;
extracting, by a processor, characteristic information from each of the voices of the plurality of sneakers, and acquiring identification information regarding each speaker;
determining, by the processor, whether the each speaker is a previous driver or a current driver;
extracting, by the processor, at least one keyword related to a task from each of the voices of the plurality of speakers;
determining, by the processor, at least one task corresponding to the at least one keyword extracted from each of the voices of the plurality of speakers;
determining, by the processor, a processing order of the at least one task on a basis of priority information predefined based on whether the each speaker is the previous driver or the current driver; and
sequentially performing, by the processor, at least one task according to the determined processing order of the at least one task.

US Pat. No. 10,431,220

VOICE ASSISTANT SYSTEM

Vocollect, Inc., Pittsbu...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, at a voice assistant system, a care plan individualized for a resident, the care plan defining a task to be performed by a user to provide care to the resident, wherein the care plan is automatically identified by scanning a contactless communication tag associated with the resident when the user approaches the resident;
storing the received care plan at the voice assistant system;
capturing, by the voice assistant system, a speech input from the user;
providing, based on the captured speech input and the care plan, a speech dialog to the user;
providing, via the speech dialog, a speech output to the user, wherein the speech output includes instructions for the task to be performed for engaging the care plan for the resident;
receiving an input from the user, wherein the input is associated with a request to turn off the speech dialog;
and
turning off the speech dialog in response to the input from the user.

US Pat. No. 10,431,219

USER-PROGRAMMABLE AUTOMATED ASSISTANT

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method implemented by an automated assistant executed by one or more processors, comprising:receiving, from a user at one or more input components of a computing device, a first speech input, wherein the first speech input includes a command to perform a task;
performing semantic processing on first speech recognition output generated from the first speech input;
determining, based on the semantic processing, that the automated assistant is unable to interpret the command;
providing, to the user at one or more output components of the computing device, output that solicits clarification from the user about the command;
receiving, from the same user in response to the output, at one or more of the input components, a second speech input;
identifying, from second speech recognition output generated from the second speech input, one or more slots that are required to be filled with values in order to fulfill the task;
storing a dialog routine that includes a mapping between the command and the task, and which accepts, as input, one or more values to fill the one or more slots;
receiving, at one or more of the input components, a third speech input, wherein the third speech input invokes the dialog routine based on the mapping;
identifying, based on third speech recognition output generated from the third speech input or additional speech input, one or more values to be used to fill the one or more slots that are required to be filled with values in order to fulfill the task; and
transmitting, to a remote computing device, data that is indicative of at least the one or more values to be used to fill the one or more slots, wherein the transmitting causes the remote computing device to fulfill the task.

US Pat. No. 10,431,218

INTEGRATION AND PROBABILISTIC CONTROL OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES

EVA Automation, Inc., Me...

1. A computer system, comprising:an interface circuit;
a processor electrically coupled to the interface circuit;
memory, coupled to the processor, which stores a program module, wherein, when executed by the processor, the program module causes the computer system to perform one or more operations comprising:
receiving, via the interface circuit, information, associated with an acoustic transducer in an environment and a portable electronic device, specifying the one or more desired operations that are to be performed, wherein the information includes natural language describing the one or more desired operations;
transforming the natural language into the one or more desired operations, wherein the transforming involves performing semantic analysis on the information to determine an intent of an individual;
identifying a subset of electronic devices based on the one or more desired operations and a predetermined supervised learning model that relates desired operations and electronic devices, wherein the subset of the electronic devices is identified based on one of: at least a probability, calculated using the predetermined supervised learning model, which is associated with the subset of the electronic devices; and a proximity of the subset of the electronic devices to the acoustic transducer;
determining a set of commands based on the one or more desired operations and the subset of the electronic devices, wherein the set of commands comprise multiple commands;
determining an order of the set of commands based on the subset of the electronic devices, information that specifies a predefined hierarchical arrangement of the subset of the electronic devices and a dependence of the set of commands in the hierarchy, wherein the predefined hierarchical arrangement corresponds to interconnections and functional interrelationships of the subset of the electronic devices; and
providing, via the interface circuit, the set of commands for the identified subset of the electronic devices, wherein the set of commands instruct the subset of the electronic devices to perform the one or more desired operations.

US Pat. No. 10,431,217

AUDIO PLAYBACK DEVICE THAT DYNAMICALLY SWITCHES BETWEEN RECEIVING AUDIO DATA FROM A SOFT ACCESS POINT AND RECEIVING AUDIO DATA FROM A LOCAL ACCESS POINT

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method comprising:receiving, from a speech processing system, a first command based at least in part on a first utterance detected by a second audio playback device, the first command including an audio playback operation, a first content identifier, and a first identifier corresponding to a group including a first audio playback device and the second audio playback device;
based at least in part on a first configuration of the second audio playback device, receiving, from the first audio playback device, first audio data at the second audio playback device, wherein the first audio data corresponds to the first content identifier;
outputting first audio content corresponding to the first audio data by the second audio playback device in a synchronized manner with output of the first audio content by the first audio playback device;
receiving, from the speech processing system, a second command based at least in part on a second utterance detected by the second audio playback device, the second command including the audio playback operation, a second content identifier, and a second identifier corresponding to the second audio playback device and not to the first audio playback device;
based at least in part on the second command, changing a configuration of the second audio playback device from the first configuration to a second configuration;
based at least in part on the second configuration of the second audio playback device, receiving, from a content source and via a wireless access point (WAP), second audio data at the second audio playback device without the second audio data being received from the first audio playback device, wherein the second audio data corresponds to the second content identifier; and
outputting second audio content corresponding to the second audio data by the second audio playback device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,216

ENHANCED GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE FOR VOICE COMMUNICATIONS

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

5. A method comprising:performing speech recognition on audio data including user speech in a first language received from a first device associated with a first user account, the speech recognition to generate first text data representing a transcription of the user speech;
translating the transcription to a second language to generate second text data representing a translated transcription;
sending, based at least in part on an indication that the audio data is directed to a second device associated with a second user account, the audio data to the second device; and
sending, based at least in part on the indication, the second text data representing the translated transcription to the second device to cause the second device to display the translated transcription and, in association with the translated transcription, an icon that, when selected, causes the second device to output audio corresponding to the audio data in the first language.

US Pat. No. 10,431,215

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONVERSATIONAL ADJUSTMENT BASED ON USER'S COGNITIVE STATE AND/OR SITUATIONAL STATE

Voicebox Technologies Cor...

1. A computer implemented method of adjusting natural language conversations between a user and a computer based on the user's cognitive state while operating a vehicle, the method being implemented in the computer having one or more physical processors programmed with computer program instructions that, when executed by the one or more physical processors, cause the computer to perform the method, the method comprising:identifying, by the computer, a user of the vehicle;
receiving, by the computer, a first utterance from the user during a conversation with the user;
obtaining, by the computer, sensor information relating to at least a first physiological characteristic of the user;
determining, by the computer, a current cognitive state of the user based on the sensor information;
obtaining, by the computer, a baseline cognitive state of the user relating to the first physiological characteristic of the user, the baseline cognitive state of the user being representative of an average cognitive state of the user based on previously obtained, over the course of a plurality of different driving trips, sensor information corresponding to the first physiological characteristic;
comparing, by the computer, the current cognitive state of the user with the baseline cognitive state of the user;
determining, by the computer, that the current cognitive state of the user deviates from the baseline cognitive state of the user beyond a predetermined threshold based on the comparison;
delaying, by the computer, a response to the first utterance based on the determination that the current cognitive state of the user deviates from the baseline cognitive state of the user beyond the predetermined threshold;
placing, by the computer, said first utterance on a conversation stack;
receiving, by the computer, a second utterance from the user while the computer is delaying the response;
adding, by the computer, the second utterance to the conversation stack so that the conversation stack includes the first utterance and the second utterance, thus also delaying a response to the second utterance, and avoiding distracting the user; and
processing, by the computer, the second utterance to determine its intent in relation to the first utterance.

US Pat. No. 10,431,214

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DETERMINING A DOMAIN AND/OR AN ACTION RELATED TO A NATURAL LANGUAGE INPUT

Voicebox Technologies Cor...

1. A computer-implemented method to confirm whether a domain determined for a natural language input using a semantic pattern matching technique is correct based on outputs of the semantic pattern matching technique and a domain determined for the natural language input and outputs using statistics-based natural language processing, the method being implemented on a computer system having one or more physical processors programmed with computer program instructions which, when executed, perform the method, the method comprising:receiving, at the computer system, a natural language (NL) input;
determining, by the computer system, based on the semantic pattern matching technique, a first information domain for the NL input, and a feature value set comprising information indicating a first confidence score from the semantic pattern matching technique, the first confidence score indicating a level of confidence that the first information domain for the NL input determined by the semantic pattern matching technique is correct;
determining, by the computer system, based on the statistics-based natural language processing, a second information domain for the NL input, and a second confidence score indicating a level of confidence that the second information domain for the NL input determined by the statistics-based natural language processing is correct;
providing, by the computer system, the first information domain determined by the semantic pattern matching technique, the feature value set, the second information domain determined by the statistics-based natural language processing, and the second confidence score as input to a classifier engine;
determining, by the computer system, using the classifier engine, a third confidence score different from both the first confidence score and the second confidence score, that indicates a level of confidence that the first information domain determined by the semantic pattern matching technique has been confirmed as correctly identified based on the first information domain determined by the semantic pattern matching technique, the feature value set, the second information domain determined by the statistics-based natural language processing, and the second confidence score;
comparing, by the computer system, the third confidence score with a predefined threshold confidence score that indicates the first information domain determined by the semantic pattern matching technique is confirmed as correctly identified; and
determining, by the computer system, whether the first information domain determined by the semantic pattern matching technique is confirmed based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,431,213

RECOGNIZING SPEECH IN THE PRESENCE OF ADDITIONAL AUDIO

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving an audio signal;
determining, using a model that is trained to detect a presence of a synthesized voice and a model that is trained to detect a presence of a user's voice, that the audio signal likely includes both the synthesized voice and the user's voice;
in response to determining, using a model that is trained to detect a presence of a synthesized voice and a model that is trained to detect a presence of a user's voice, that the audio signal likely includes both the synthesized voice and the user's voice, suppressing operation of a speech synthesis module;
after suppressing operation of the speech synthesis module, obtaining a transcription corresponding to the audio signal from an automated speech recognizer; and
providing the transcription for output.

US Pat. No. 10,431,212

SPEECH RECOGNITION

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An analog-to-digital converter for converting an analog signal received at an input, comprising:a quantiser with a quantiser input and a quantiser output; and
a feedback path around the quantiser,
wherein the analog-to-digital converter is operable in a first mode in which the feedback path is enabled such that the input signal is compared with a feedback signal before application to the quantiser input; andwherein the analog-to-digital converter is operable in a second mode in which the feedback path is disabled such that the input signal is applied to the quantiser input without comparison with a feedback signal; wherein the quantiser comprises:a controlled oscillator whose output frequency depends on its input signal; and
a counter for counting output pulses of the controlled oscillator.

US Pat. No. 10,431,211

DIRECTIONAL PROCESSING OF FAR-FIELD AUDIO

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus comprising:multiple microphones configured to generate multiple audio signals, each microphone of the multiple microphones configured to generate a respective audio signal of the multiple audio signals based on sound of a far-field acoustic environment as detected at the microphone;
a signal processing system configured to process the multiple audio signals to generate at least one processed audio signal, the signal processing system configured to update one or more processing parameters while operating in a first operational mode and configured to use a static version of the one or more processing parameters while operating in a second operational mode; and
a keyword detection system configured to perform keyword detection based on the at least one processed audio signal to determine whether the sound includes an utterance corresponding to a keyword and, based on a determination that the utterance corresponds to the keyword, to send a control signal to the signal processing system to change an operational mode of the signal processing system from the first operational mode to the second operational mode, wherein the signal processing system is configured to use directional parameters while operating in the second operation mode, and wherein the directional parameters are determined based on a direction of arrival of a portion of the sound corresponding to the utterance.

US Pat. No. 10,431,210

IMPLEMENTING A WHOLE SENTENCE RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORK LANGUAGE MODEL FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:providing, by a computer system, a whole sentence recurrent neural network language model for estimating a probability of likelihood of each whole sentence processed by natural language processing being correct;
applying, by the computer system, a noise contrastive estimation sampler against at least one entire sentence from a corpus of a plurality of sentences to generate at least one incorrect sentence;
training, by the computer system, the whole sentence recurrent neural network language model, using the at least one entire sentence from the corpus and the at least one incorrect sentence, to distinguish the at least one entire sentence as correct; and
applying, by the computer system, the whole sentence recurrent neural network language model to estimate the probability of likelihood of each whole sentence processed by natural language processing being correct.

US Pat. No. 10,431,209

FEEDBACK CONTROLLER FOR DATA TRANSMISSIONS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A feedback control system for data transmissions over a computer network, comprising:a natural language processor component executed by a data processing system to receive, via an interface of the data processing system, data packets comprising an input audio signal detected by a sensor of a client device;
the natural language processor component to parse the input audio signal to identify a request and a trigger keyword corresponding to the request;
a content selector component executed by the data processing system to receive the trigger keyword identified by the natural language processor component and to select, based on the trigger keyword, a content item via a real-time content selection process;
a feedback monitor component to:
receive data packets carrying auditory signals transmitted between the client device and a conversational application programming interface that established a communication session with the client device responsive to interaction with the content item;
measure a characteristic of the communication session based on the auditory signals; and
generate a quality signal based on the measured characteristic; and
the content selector component to adjust the real-time content selection process based on the quality signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,208

CONTENT PRESENTATION ANALYTICS AND OPTIMIZATION

SINCLAIR BROADCAST GROUP,...

1. A method for generating multiple renditions of a presentation of content, the method comprising:copying a presentation of a primary content item;
storing the copied presentation of the primary content item;
modifying the copied presentation of the primary content item to create a second presentation of the primary content item for publishing over one or more channels; and
linking the presentation of the primary content item to the second presentation of the primary content item; and
changing the rendition of the primary content item, and in response to the change, automatically propagating the change to the second presentation of the primary content item.

US Pat. No. 10,431,206

MULTI-ACCENT SPEECH RECOGNITION

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method for training a hierarchical recurrent neural network (HRNN) having a plurality of parameters on a plurality of training acoustic sequences to perform automatic speech recognition, wherein the HRNN is configured to generate phoneme representations of received acoustic sequences, the method comprising, for each of the received training acoustic sequences:processing the received acoustic sequence in accordance with current values of the parameters of the HRNN to generate a predicted grapheme representation of the received acoustic sequence;
processing an intermediate output generated by an intermediate layer of the HRNN during the processing of the received acoustic sequence to generate one or more predicted phoneme representations of the received acoustic sequence;
adjusting the current values of the parameters of the HRNN based on (i) the predicted grapheme representation and (ii) the one or more predicted phoneme representations; and
providing data specifying the trained HRNN for use in performing automatic speech recognition on input utterances.

US Pat. No. 10,431,205

DIALOG DEVICE WITH DIALOG SUPPORT GENERATED USING A MIXTURE OF LANGUAGE MODELS COMBINED USING A RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORK

CONDUENT BUSINESS SERVICE...

1. A dialog device comprising:a natural language interfacing device comprising a chat interface or a telephonic device;
a natural language output device comprising a display device; and
a computer programmed to store natural language dialog conducted via the natural language interfacing device and to construct a current natural language utterance word-by-word with each word of the current natural language utterance being chosen by operations including:
applying K independent language models F1, . . . , Fk to a context x comprising a concatenation of the stored natural language dialog and the current natural language utterance up to but not including the word being chosen where K is a positive integer having a value of at least two,
normalizing each word distribution output by each of the applied K independent language models to generate corresponding normalized word distributions and applying a recurrent neural network (RNN) to the normalized word distributions output by the K applied independent language models to generate a mixture distribution y comprising a weighted sum of the normalized word distributions output by the applied K independent language models according to:
where the p(k|x) terms are computed by a gating network which is a neural network whose output is a normalized vector; andchoosing the next word by sampling the mixture distribution;
wherein the computer is further programmed to repeat construction of a current natural language utterance a plurality of times to construct a plurality of current utterance candidates, and
the display device is configured to output a list of the current utterance candidates on the display device; and
wherein the K independent language models include: (i) a neural chat model for capturing natural language content, and (ii) at least one question-answer (QA) language model for capturing domain-specific content.

US Pat. No. 10,431,204

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISCOVERING TRENDING TERMS IN SPEECH REQUESTS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method for discovering trending terms in automatic speech recognition, the method comprising:at an electronic device having a processor and memory:
identifying a candidate term based on a frequency of occurrence of the term in one or more electronic data sources;
in response to identifying the candidate term, searching for the candidate term in an archive of speech traffic of an automatic speech recognizer using phonetic matching; and
in response to finding the candidate term in the archive, updating a vocabulary of the automatic speech recognizer with the candidate term.

US Pat. No. 10,431,203

MACHINE TRAINING FOR NATIVE LANGUAGE AND FLUENCY IDENTIFICATION

International Business Ma...

1. A computer program product comprising a computer readable storage medium having program instructions embodied therewith, the program instructions executable by a device to cause a device to:train a machine by a machine learning technique for recognizing speech utterance to determine language fluency level of a user,
the training comprising at least:
receiving native speaker recorded data from a database of recorded speech of at least one native speaker,
receiving a language specific dictionary of heteronyms,
parsing the native speaker recorded data and isolating the heteronyms from the native speaker recorded data,
extracting linguistic features from the native speaker recorded data including at least linguistic features associated with the heteronyms, the linguistic features associated with the heteronyms including at least phonetics, and
generating a language dependent machine learning model based at least on the linguistic features, wherein the language dependent machine learning model is trained to output a score indicating language fluency;
generate a test corpus of sentences, wherein each sentence in the test corpus includes at least one pair of heteronyms, wherein heteronyms are words spelled identically but having different pronunciations and meanings from one another;
cause presenting of a sentence from the test corpus to the user on a user interface display;
receive a test speech utterance of the user uttering the presented sentence;
execute the language dependent machine learning model operating on the test speech utterance to obtain user pronunciation of the presented sentence including the at least two heteronyms;
evaluate a language fluency level of the user based on the obtained user pronunciation; and
output a score representing the language fluency level of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,431,202

SIMULTANEOUS DIALOGUE STATE MANAGEMENT USING FRAME TRACKING

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system comprising:at least one processor; and
a memory storing instructions that when executed by the at least one processor perform a set of operations comprising:
receiving an input utterance of a current frame of a conversation;
generating, using natural language understanding, a predicted value and a predicted act for the input utterance;
determining, using a first model trained to predict slot types, whether the predicted value is a new value for a slot having a pre-existing value in the current frame;
when it is determined that the predicted value is a new value having a pre-existing value in the current frame, creating a new frame of the conversation;
determining, using a second model trained to predict dialogue acts, whether the predicted act relates to a previous frame of the conversation;
when it is determined that the predicted act relates to a previous frame, generating an association between the current frame and the previous frame of the conversation;
determining whether the predicted act switches to the previous frame of the conversation; and
when it is determined that the predicted act switches to the previous frame of the conversation, switching to the previous frame of the conversation;
wherein at least two frames, selected from the group consisting of the new frame, the current frame, and the previous frame, are retained in memory, thereby tracking multiple states of the conversation simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,431,201

ANALYZING MESSAGES WITH TYPOGRAPHIC ERRORS DUE TO PHONEMIC SPELLINGS USING TEXT-TO-SPEECH AND SPEECH-TO-TEXT ALGORITHMS

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method of correcting typographical errors in electronic text, the method executed by at least one hardware processor, the method comprising:receiving a text message containing at least one phonemic spelling of a word;
converting the text message into speech by running a text-to-speech application programming interface (API) with the text message as input;
generating an audio file comprising at least the speech;
playing the audio file as an input to a speech-to-text API and executing the speech-to-text API to convert the speech to a text corresponding to the played audio file; and
generating a text file comprising at least the text corresponding to the played audio file,
wherein the text corresponding to the played audio file automatically contains a corrected version of the phonemic spelling of the word in the received text message.

US Pat. No. 10,431,200

NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING TO MERGE RELATED ALERT MESSAGES FOR ACCESSIBILITY

International Business Ma...

1. A method, in a data processing system, comprising a processor and a memory, the memory comprising instructions executed by the processor for merging incoming alerts for accessibility, the method comprising:receiving a first input alert and a second input alert intended for presentation by a screen reader;
determining, by the processor, whether the first input alert and the second input alert arrived with a specified time interval, wherein the specified time interval is determined so that the first input alert and the second input alert do not collide and have the second input alert interrupt the first input alert;
determining, by the processor, that the first input alert and the second input alert arrived within the specified time interval, operative to determining whether the first input alert and the second input alert are similar;
determining, by the processor, that the first input alert and the second input alert are similar, operative to combining the first input alert and the second input alert in a merge operation wherein the output alert is a merged alert, wherein the merge operation merges two similar elements which occur in each of the first input alert and the second input alert into a single element; and
sending the output alert to the screen reader for presentation.

US Pat. No. 10,431,199

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD OF EARPHONE DEVICE

FORTEMEDIA, INC., Santa ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:an earphone device, comprising:
a shell;
a speaker, disposed inside of the shell;
a first microphone device, coupled to the shell;
a memory circuit, configured to store a plurality of parameter sets, wherein each parameter set comprises a plurality of frequency parameters, a plurality of volume parameters and one or more adjustment parameters; and
a controller, coupled to the speaker, the first microphone device and the memory circuit,
wherein the first microphone device is configured to receive a first sound outside of the shell,
wherein the first microphone device is further configured to generate first data based on the first sound and transmit the first data to the controller,
wherein the controller is configured to compare the first data with the parameter sets by comparing frequency parameters and volume parameters of the first data with the frequency parameters and the volume parameters in the parameter sets and determine which one of the parameter sets corresponds to the first data based on the frequency parameters and the volume parameters of the one of the parameter sets by determining the frequency parameters and the volume parameters of the first data are most similar to the frequency parameters and the volume parameters of which parameter set,
wherein the controller is further configured to generate second data based on the adjustment parameters of the one of the parameter sets, and the speaker is configured to generate a second sound based on the second data, and
wherein the first sound generates a third sound in the shell, and a phase of the second sound is substantially opposite to a phase of the third sound.

US Pat. No. 10,431,198

NOISE CANCELLATION SYSTEM WITH LOWER RATE EMULATION

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An apparatus for noise cancellation, said apparatus comprising:a reference microphone configured to produce a reference microphone signal in response to a first acoustic signal;
a first analog-to-digital converter (ADC) that is coupled to the reference microphone and configured to produce an output signal that is based on the reference microphone signal;
an error microphone configured to produce an error microphone signal in response to a second acoustic signal;
a second ADC that is coupled to the error microphone and configured to produce an output signal that is based on the error microphone signal;
a processor having a first input coupled to the first ADC, a second input coupled to the second ADC, and a third input configured to receive a desired sound signal at a first sampling rate, and configured to provide updates based on the first, second, and third inputs; and
a digital filter that is coupled to the first ADC, arranged to receive the updates from the processor, and configured to filter a reference noise signal that is based on the output signal of the first ADC, at a second sampling rate that is higher than the first sampling rate, to produce an anti-noise signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,197

ACTIVE CANCELLATION OF A PULSATING FLOW WITH A SOURCE NOISE REFERENCE

NORGREN LIMITED, (GB)

1. An electronics for active cancellation of a pulsating flow with a source noise reference, the electronics comprising:a signal processor configured to:
receive a noise source signal from a noise source that causes one or more pulses of the pulsating flow and a flow signal from a flow sensor configured to measure a flow rate of the pulsating flow; and
generate a cancelling signal based on the noise source signal and the flow signal;
a controller communicatively coupled to the signal processor, the controller being configured to generate a flow rate control signal for controlling the flow rate of the pulsating flow; and
a signal generator communicatively coupled to the signal processor and the controller, the signal generator being configured to:
receive the flow rate control signal;
generate a valve signal based on the flow rate control signal and the cancelling signal; and
provide the valve signal to a valve to control the flow rate and attenuate the one or more pulses of the pulsating flow.

US Pat. No. 10,431,196

SOUNDPROOF STRUCTURE AND ADJUSTMENT METHOD OF SOUNDPROOF STRUCTURE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A soundproof structure, comprising:a laminated film in which two or more films each comprising one or more holes drilled therein are laminated; and
two rigid frames that fix the laminated film so as to be interposed from both sides of the laminated film,
wherein at least parts of the one or more holes in the respective films of the laminated film overlap each other, and
wherein each rigid frame includes an opening portion which passes through each rigid frame.

US Pat. No. 10,431,195

METHOD OF FABRICATING STRUCTURES, AND STRUCTURES, WITH INTEGRATED PROPERTY ENHANCING FILL MATERIAL

Barefoot Sound, LLC, Por...

1. A method of fabricating a structure comprising integrally formed property enhancing fill material comprising the steps of:fabricating said structure by selective laser sintering of a first material, said first material comprising said property enhancing fill material, said structure comprising first and second external apertures connected by a first internal passage and a first internal cavity, said first internal cavity comprising a first internal aperture connecting said first internal cavity to said first internal passage, said first internal cavity comprising a first amount of unsintered said first material after said fabrication;
applying a compressed gas to said first external aperture such that a portion of said compressed gas flows from said first external aperture through said first internal passage to said second external aperture without passing through said internal cavity such that after said application of said compressed gas to said first external aperture is completed, a majority of said first amount of unsintered first material remains in said first internal cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,431,193

ELECTRONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT, METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE ELECTRONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT, AND STORAGE MEDIUM THEREOF

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An electronic musical instrument comprising:a plurality of keys that are operable to designate pitches of sound to be output by the electronic musical instrument; and
a processor that is configured to perform an automatic playing process including:
determining one of the plurality of keys to be a first key, based on pitch information indicating a first pitch of a first timing included in music data, wherein the first key is expected to be designated by a user within a first period according to the first timing;
determining one of the plurality of keys to be a second key based on pitch information indicating a second pitch of a second timing after the first timing included in the music data, wherein the second key is expected to be designated by the user within a second period according to the second timing;
determining at least one of the plurality of keys other than the first key to be at least one third key that is assigned a sound of a different pitch from the first pitch, wherein the at least one third key is determined based on a position or pitch relationship of said at least one of the plurality of keys with the first key;
displaying an identifier for identifying the at least one third key before the first timing in accordance with progressing of the music data; and
in response to an operation by the user designating the first key or the at least one third key, controlling the electronic musical instrument to output a sound of the first pitch, and progressing the music data from the first timing to a timing before the second timing;
wherein the processor does not progress the music data from the first timing to the timing before the second timing, when the user designates a key other than the first key or the at least one third key within the first period.

US Pat. No. 10,431,192

MUSIC PRODUCTION USING RECORDED HUMS AND TAPS

Humtap Inc., San Francis...

1. A method for producing music based on unprocessed audio, the method comprising:receiving a musical blueprint input file reflective of melodic hums and rhythmic taps recorded in an audible analog domain at a microphone of a user device and converted to a digital domain;
identifying a melody in a symbolic layer associated with the musical blueprint input file, wherein the identified melody is relative to one or more identified points within the musical blueprint input file;
rendering music via instrumentation for one or more instruments based on the identified melody; and
mixing the instrumentation for the one or more instruments, wherein a final mix track file is generated.

US Pat. No. 10,431,191

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYZING CHARACTERISTICS OF MUSIC INFORMATION

1. An improvisation performance analysis system, comprising:a tone sequence pattern extraction section for analyzing music data storing an actual performance of a performer and extracting all of first- to n-th-order tone sequence patterns;
a pitch transition sequence generation section for generating pitch transition sequences which correspond to the extracted first- to n-th-order tone sequence patterns, each of the pitch transition sequences being generated by converting a corresponding one of the tone sequence patterns to a relative pitch-interval sequence starting with an initial tone of the tone sequence pattern,
a transition probability/appearance probability calculation section for calculating a transition probability for each of the pitch transition sequences and an appearance probability of each of the pitch transition sequences relative to all of the pitch transition sequences;
a performance phrase structuring section for identifying pitch transition sequences which are statistically likely to occur based on the transition probabilities and the appearance probabilities, and outputting performance phrases of the performer by expressing the identified pitch transition sequences as a music score.

US Pat. No. 10,431,190

DUAL SHELL DRUM

1. A drum, comprising:a first shell having a first diameter;
a second shell having a second diameter that is different from the first diameter; and
at least one lug having a linking member coupled to a first lug anchor disposed contiguous with the first shell and disposed apart from the second shell and coupled to a second lug anchor disposed contiguous with the second shell and disposed apart from the first shell.

US Pat. No. 10,431,189

DAMPENING DEVICE FOR AN INSTRUMENTAL DRUM

Roger Green, San Clement...

1. A dampening device adapted for use with a drum having drum wires, the dampening device comprising:a base having at least one tracking groove formed therein;
at least one tracking pin operatively engaged with the at least one tracking groove;
a rotating plate coupled to the at least one tracking pin and rotatable relative to the base between a first rotational position and a second rotational position; and
a dampening pad coupled to the rotating plate;
interaction between the at least one tracking pin and the at least one tracking groove causing at least a portion of the rotating plate to move away from the base in response to rotation of the rotating plate from the first rotational position to the second rotational position;
interaction between the at least one tracking pin and the at least one tracking groove causing at least a portion of the rotating plate to move toward the base in response to rotation of the rotating plate from the second rotational position to the first rotational position.

US Pat. No. 10,431,188

ORGANIZATION OF PERSONALIZED CONTENT

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:determining first content associated with a first feature group of a plurality of feature groups;
determining second content associated with a second feature group of the plurality of feature groups;
determining third content associated with a third feature group of the plurality of feature groups;
determining relevant content, the relevant content including the first content and third content and not including the second content;
determining, from the plurality of feature groups, a first portion that includes the relevant content, the first portion including the first feature group and the third feature group;
determining, from the plurality of feature groups, a second portion that does not include the relevant content, the second portion including the second feature group;
generating first display data including a first indicator indicating a first position of the first feature group within the first portion;
generating second display data including a second indicator indicating a second position of the third feature group within the first portion;
causing the first display data to be displayed; and
causing the second display data to be displayed after causing the first display data to be displayed.

US Pat. No. 10,431,187

TERMINAL APPARATUS, SCREEN RECORDING METHOD, PROGRAM, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A terminal apparatus that operates in a sharing display mode, in which screen information of a meeting material is synchronously displayed on a display of the terminal apparatus and a display of at least one other terminal apparatus, and an individual display mode, in which the screen information of the meeting material is asynchronously displayed on the display of the terminal apparatus and at least one other terminal apparatus, and that switches operation between the sharing display mode and the individual display mode upon a mode switchover operation by an operator, the terminal apparatus comprising:a hardware processor;
a memory storing program instructions that cause the hardware processor to:
receive a mode switchover operation between the sharing display mode and the individual display mode by the operator and display the screen information of the meeting material synchronously or asynchronously, in accordance with the mode selected by the mode switchover operation; and
receive a screen recording operation by the operator and record the screen information of the meeting material as displayed for each of the sharing and individual modes, regardless of whether the screen information of the meeting material is being displayed in the sharing display mode or individual display mode on the display of the terminal apparatus, wherein
in a case where the hardware processor receives the mode switchover operation to switch from the sharing display mode to the individual mode after receiving the screen recording operation while operating in the sharing display mode, the hardware processor
continues to receive update information of the screen information of the meeting material to be displayed synchronously from a server,
stores the received update information of the screen information of the meeting material to be displayed synchronously at the terminal apparatus to update the screen information of the meeting material to be displayed synchronously, even as screen information of the meeting material is displayed asynchronously at the terminal apparatus, and
inserts chapter information at a time when the screen information of the meeting material to be displayed synchronously is updated; and
in a case where the screen recording operation for the screen information of the meeting materials to be displayed either synchronously or asynchronously is received by the operator in a meeting, in which at least one agenda is registered, the hardware processor
records the screen information of the meeting materials to be displayed either synchronously or asynchronously for every unit of an agenda from among the at least one registered agenda.

US Pat. No. 10,431,186

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a mirror display;
a sensor;
a storage configured to store transmission characteristics information, and reflection luminance information, of the mirror display;
a processor configured to:
identify a threshold based on the transmission characteristics information, the reflection luminance information, and an amount of external light sensed by the sensor,
adjust a luminance of an image signal based on whether a grayscale of the image signal is less than or equal to the threshold, and
output an image corresponding to the image signal on the mirror display,
wherein the processor is further configured to:
based on a grayscale of the image signal being less than or equal to the threshold, increase the luminance of the image signal by a first luminance level based on the reflection luminance of the mirror display, and
based on a grayscale of the image signal being greater than the threshold, increase the luminance of the image signal by a second luminance level based on the reflection luminance of the mirror display.

US Pat. No. 10,431,185

DISPLAY SYSTEM REPLACING SIDE MIRROR AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OUTPUT BRIGHTNESS THEREOF

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A display system replacing a side mirror, the display system comprising:a plurality of cameras provided on both side surfaces of a vehicle and obtaining a rear-view image;
a display displaying the rear-view image obtained by the cameras;
a driving condition detector detecting a driving condition of the vehicle, the driving condition detector including a lane departure sensor detecting whether or not the vehicle moves out of its lane; and
a controller controlling output brightness of the display based on the driving condition of the vehicle, the controller increasing the output brightness of an entire screen of the display when the vehicle is out of the lane,
wherein the controller increases an accumulated value when a reference driving condition is detected, and decreases the accumulated value when the reference driving condition is not detected, and
the controller increases the output brightness of the display when the accumulated value exceeds a reference value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,184

IN-VEHICLE DISPLAY CONTROL DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An in-vehicle display control device comprising:a vehicle interface configured to acquire color change information;
a microcomputer configured to:
acquire a plurality of element images to be displayed on a display mounted on a vehicle;
acquire color change information; and
generate a synthetic image having a color based on the color change information acquired by the vehicle interface, the synthetic image being obtained by synthesizing the plurality of element acquired images, wherein:
the microcomputer is configured to generate the synthetic image by synthesizing the plurality of acquired element images and a color change layer having a color determined based on the color change information acquired by the vehicle interface;
the color change layer has an RGBA value that is determined based on the color change information acquired by the vehicle interface;
the microcomputer is configured to generate the synthetic image by synthesizing the plurality of acquired element images and the color change layer by alpha blending;
the microcomputer is further configured to set a value as color information of each pixel corresponding to the element images in the color change layer, the value set as color information of each pixel corresponding to the element images in the color change layer being obtained by multiplying color information of each pixel of the plurality of element images acquired by the microcomputer by a color change matrix determined based on the color change information acquired by the microcomputer;
the color information of each pixel of the plurality of element images acquired by the microcomputer has a RGBA value; and
the color information of each pixel corresponding to the element images in the color change layer has another RGBA value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,183

WIRELESS DEVICE DISPLAYING IMAGES AND MATCHING RESOLUTION OR ASPECT RATIO FOR SCREEN SHARING DURING WI-FI DIRECT SERVICE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A first wireless device supporting Wi-Fi Direct service, the first wireless device comprising:a display;
a communication unit configured to communicate with a second wireless device; and
a controller configured to:
transmit resolution information to the second wireless device by using Real-Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP), the resolution information including a plurality of resolutions that are supported by the first wireless device;
receive a first image from the second wireless device if a resolution of the first image is included in the resolution information; and
display the first image on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,431,182

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A PLURALITY OF MODES AND DISPLAYING CONTENTS CORRESPONDING TO THE MODES

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display device comprising:a display;
a first sensor configured to sense movement;
a second sensor configured to sense illuminance; and
a processor operatively connected with the display, the first sensor, and the second sensor,
wherein the processor is configured to:
operate in one of a first mode and a second mode, the first mode is a mode in which a dynamic image is displayed in the display and the second mode is a mode in which a static image is displayed in the display,
set a first critical time for sensing the movement based on the illuminance, and
in response to a movement of a user being sensed by the first sensor, in the second mode within the first critical time, control the display to display the static image.

US Pat. No. 10,431,181

CLOSED LOOP CPU PERFORMANCE CONTROL

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method of adjusting operations of a central processing unit (CPU) configured to perform transactions with a memory controller, the method comprising:sampling a throughput rate at the memory controller, wherein the sampling comprises:
sampling a first rate to the CPU from the memory controller, and
sampling a second rate from the CPU to the memory controller;
outputting a throughput delta value, wherein the outputting comprises:
outputting a first throughput delta value of the first rate to a first integrator, and
outputting a second throughput delta value of the second rate to a second integrator;
producing a power management control signal based on the throughput delta value; and
adjusting an operating mode of the CPU according to the power management control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,180

PREDICTIVE PRE-RENDERING OF CONTENT AND UPDATING OF PRE-RENDERED CONTENT PRIOR TO DISPLAY

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method, comprising:identifying first content displayed on a device, wherein the first content is a first portion of electronic book content accessed via a reader application, wherein the first content is displayed using first color depth information retrieved from a first content buffer;
determining, by at least one computer processor and based at least in part on the first content and historical device usage data, second content having a highest probability of being accessed via the reader application;
storing second color depth information corresponding to the second content in a second content buffer associated with the reader application;
detecting, by the at least one computer processor, an event corresponding to a change to a strength of a wireless connection between the device and a wireless network;
determining, by the at least one computer processor and based at least in part on the event, pixel values associated with a second portion of the second content;
determining, by the at least one computer processor and based at least in part on the pixel values associated with the second portion, an updated second portion of the second content comprising an indicator of the strength of the wireless connection, the updated portion including the second color depth information and a second indicator representative of an increase in the strength of the wireless connection or a third indicator representative of a decrease in the strength of the wireless connection;
receiving, by the at least one computer processor, input data indicating a user selection corresponding to a request to view the second content; and
causing, by the at least one computer processor, the second content to be displayed on the device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,179

DEMUX CIRCUIT

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A demultiplexer (DEMUX) circuit, comprising:a data bus, a first data line, a second data line and a third data line, connected respectively to the data bus and a first unit, a second unit and a third unit respectively corresponding to the first, second and third data lines;
each unit respectively comprising: a first thin film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT, and a capacitor, and inputting corresponding a first, a second, and a third switch signals; the first TFT having a gate inputting the first switch signal, and a source and a drain irrespectively inputting to the first switch signal and connected to a gate of the second TFT; the second TFT having a source and a drain respectively connected to the data bus and the corresponding data line; the capacitor having one end connected to the gate of the second TFT and the other connected to the second switch signal; the third TFT having a gate inputting the third switch signal, a source and a drain respectively connected to the gate of the second TFT and a constant low voltage;
for each unit, during operation, when the first switch signal being turned on, the first TFT and the second TFT being turned on, and the corresponding data line is pre-charged; when the first switch signal being turned off, the second switch signal being turned on and the corresponding data line being charged to a preset voltage;
wherein four switch signals are used for inputting to the first, second and third units, each unit selects three switch signals out of the four to use as the first, second and third switch signals corresponding to the unit, and the four switch signals are square waveform having a duty cycle of 0.25, with a phase difference of ¼ cycle among one another.

US Pat. No. 10,431,178

GOA DRIVING CIRCUIT

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A gate driver on array (GOA) driving circuit, wherein the GOA driving circuit comprises a plurality of GOA driving unit stages; wherein, a nth GOA driving unit stage comprises: a pull-up control module, a pull-up output module, a pull-down control module, a pull-down output module, a first global control module, a reset module and a second global control module;the pull-up control module is configured to generate a first control signal when power is turned off;
the pull-up output module is configured to stop outputting a clock signal to an output terminal of the nth GOA driving unit stage under control of the first control signal;
the pull-down control module is configured to generate a second control signal when power is turned off;
the pull-down output module is configured to stop outputting a low potential signal to the output terminal of the nth GOA driving unit stage under control of the second control signal;
the first global control module is configured to output a high potential signal to the output terminal of the nth GOA driving unit stage when power is turned off;
the reset module is configured to stop outputting a reset signal to an output terminal of the pull-down control module when power is turned off;
the second global control module is configured to stop outputting the low potential signal to the output terminal of the nth GOA driving unit stage when power is turned off.

US Pat. No. 10,431,177

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD FOR THE SAME

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a plurality of first pixels to which at least one color is allocated; and
a second pixel to which a high luminance color having higher luminance than luminance of the color of the first pixels is allocated,
wherein the first pixels are driven at a first drive frequency,
the second pixel is driven at a second drive frequency higher than the first drive frequency,
the second frequency is a frequency that is twice as high as the first frequency, and
the display apparatus further comprises an image processor that is configured to output, to each of the first pixels, output data obtained by averaging gradation values indicated by two instances of input data of the first pixel received during a period in which the second pixel is driven two times.

US Pat. No. 10,431,176

SCANNING-DRIVING CIRCUIT AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY (LCD)

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD), comprising:a scanning-driving circuit, comprising:
a plurality of cascaded-connected gate driver on array (GOA) units, wherein each of the GOA units comprises a pull-up circuit, a controlling circuit, a down-transfer circuit, a pull-down circuit, and a pull-down maintaining unit, and the controlling circuit comprises a first controlling circuit and a second controlling circuit;
when conducting a forward scanning process, the first controlling circuit is configured to turn on the pull-up circuit upon the scanning process has started, and the second controlling circuit is configured to turn off the pull-up circuit upon the scanning process has finished;
when conducting a backward scanning process, the second controlling circuit is configured to turn on the pull-up circuit upon the scanning process has started, and the first controlling circuit is configured to turn off the pull-up circuit upon the scanning process has finished;
the pull-up circuit comprises:
a first transistor, wherein a control end of the first transistor connects to the first controlling circuit and the second controlling circuit, a first end of the first transistor is configured to input first clock signals, and a second end of the first transistor is configured to output scanning signals;
a bootstrap capacitor, a first end of the bootstrap capacitor connects to the control end of the first transistor, and a second end of the bootstrap capacitor connects to the second end of the first transistor;
the down-transfer circuit comprises a second transistor, wherein a control end of the second transistor connects to the first controlling circuit and the second controlling circuit, a first end of the second transistor is configured to input the first clock signals, and a second end of the second transistor outputs down-transfer signals;
wherein the first transistor and the second transistor are thin film transistors (TFTs) made of indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO) material;
wherein the pull-down maintaining circuit comprises:
a tenth transistor, wherein a control end of the tenth transistor is configured to input the first clock signals;
an eleventh transistor, a control end of the eleventh transistor connects to the control end of the first transistor, a first end of the eleventh transistor is configured to input second low potential signals, and a second end of the eleventh transistor connects to a second end of the tenth transistor;
a twelfth transistor, a control end of the twelfth transistor connects to the second end of the tenth transistor, a first end of the twelfth transistor is configured to input the first clock signals;
a thirteenth transistor, a control end of the thirteenth transistor connects to the control end of the first transistor, a first end of the thirteenth transistor is configured to input the second low potential signals, and a second end of the thirteenth transistor connects to a second end of the twelfth transistor;
a fourteenth transistor, a control end of the fourteenth transistor connects to the second end of the twelfth transistor, a first end of the fourteenth transistor is configured to input the second low potential signals, and a second end of the fourteenth transistor connects to the second end of the second transistor;
a fifteenth transistor, a control end of the fifteenth transistor connects to the second end of the twelfth transistor, a first end of the fifteenth transistor is configured to input the first low potential signals, and a second end of the fifteenth transistor connects to the second end of the first transistor;
a third switch unit, a control end of the third switch unit connects to the second end of the twelfth transistor, a first end of the third switch unit is configured to input the second low potential signals, and a second end of the third switch unit connects to the control end of the first transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,174

PIXEL DRIVING STRUCTURE, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A pixel driving structure, comprising:pixel combinations comprising odd row pixel combinations and even row pixel combinations, each pixel combination comprising a first pixel unit and a second pixel unit;
scan lines comprising odd row scan lines and even row scan lines for outputting scan signals to the pixel combinations;
a data line for outputting a data signal to the pixel combination;
a gate driver connected with the pixel combination through the scan line for outputting the scan signal;
a source driver connected with the pixel combination through the data line for outputting the data signal; wherein
the odd row scan lines and the even row scan lines are disposed alternately alone a direction in which the data lines extend, the odd row pixel combinations and the even row pixel combinations are disposed alternately alone the direction;
wherein, in a first one of the odd row pixel combinations and a first one of the even row pixel combinations which is next to the first one of the odd row pixel combinations, the first pixel unit of the first one of the odd row pixel combinations is connected to a first one of the odd row scan lines, the second pixel unit of the first one of the odd row pixel combinations is connected to a first one of the even row scan lines, the first pixel unit of the first one of the even row pixel combinations is connected to a second one of the even row scan lines, the second pixel unit of the first one of the even row pixel combinations is connected to a second one of the odd row scan lines, the first one of the even row scan lines is next to the first one of the odd row scan lines, the second one of the odd row scan lines is next to the first one of the even row scan lines, and the second one of the even row scan lines is next to the second one of the odd row scan lines.

US Pat. No. 10,431,173

DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR DRIVING DISPLAY APPARATUS

HKC CORPORATION LIMITED, ...

1. A display apparatus, comprising a display panel and a drive circuit, wherein the drive circuit comprises:a connection module, comprising a first interface and a second interface;
an adjustment module, comprising:
a first switch, wherein a control end of the first switch is coupled to the first interface, a first end is coupled to a supply voltage, and a second end is coupled to a first resistor, wherein the first switch is a hole-type transistor, and the first resistor is grounded;
a second switch, wherein a control end of the second switch is coupled to the second interface, a first end is coupled to a second resistor, and a second end is grounded, wherein the second switch is an electron-type transistor, and the second resistor is coupled to the supply voltage; and
a third resistor, wherein one end of the third resistor is coupled to the second end of the first switch, and another end is coupled to the control end of the second switch;
wherein
the first switch and the second switch in the adjustment module are controlled to be open or closed by using a control signal received by the first interface or the second interface, to control a software written state or a write protection state, wherein
the control signal comprises a first control signal and a second control signal, the first control signal is at a high potential, and the second control signal is at a low potential;
when the control signal is the first control signal, the second interface is connected to the first control signal, and the first interface is not connected, the second interface receives the first control signal, and the second switch is open, the first end and the second end of the second switch are grounded to enter the software written state; or the second interface rejects to receive the first control signal, and the second switch is closed, and the supply voltage is coupled by using the second resistor to enter the write protection state; or
when the control signal is the second control signal, the first interface is connected to the second control signal, and the second interface is not connected, the first interface receives the second control signal, and the first switch and the second switch are open to enter the software written state; or the first interface rejects to receive the second control signal, and the first switch and the second switch are closed, and the supply voltage is coupled by using the second resistor to enter the write protection state.

US Pat. No. 10,431,172

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel configured to display an image;
a plurality of data lines arranged in a first diagonal direction of the display panel;
a plurality of scan lines arranged in a second diagonal direction intersecting the first diagonal direction of the display panel;
a plurality of data drivers connected to the plurality of data lines, wherein some of the plurality of data drivers output a data signal from an upper first diagonal direction to a lower first diagonal direction of the display panel during a first time period, and remaining drivers of the plurality of data drivers output a data signal from the lower first diagonal direction to the upper first diagonal direction of the display panel during a second time period that is subsequent the first time period; and
a plurality of scan drivers connected to the plurality of scan lines.

US Pat. No. 10,431,171

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DRIVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A method of driving a display device, the method comprising:applying a common voltage to a display panel of the display device;
digitally converting a feedback common voltage from the display panel;
detecting an effective ripple signal exceeding a reference value based on the digitally converted feedback common voltage;
comparing a total number of effective ripple signals detected during a first frame period with a threshold value;
determining whether the effective ripple signals of the first frame period are crosstalk inducing signals based on a comparison result; and
determining whether to change a polarity pattern of image data signals to be applied to the display panel during a second frame period based on a determination result in terms of the crosstalk inducing signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,170

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a timing control circuit configured to generate a first clock control signal comprising a plurality of ON-control pulses and a second clock control signal comprising a plurality of OFF-control pulses;
a clock generator configured to generate a plurality of clock signals based on the first clock control signal and the second clock control signal,
wherein ON-periods of the plurality of clock signals start in response to an ON-control pulse among the ON-control pulses and finish in response to an OFF-control pulse among the OFF-control pulses,
a gate driver comprising a plurality of shift registers, wherein the shift registers generate a plurality of gate signals based on the plurality of clock signals; and
a display panel comprising a display area in which a plurality of pixels is arranged and a peripheral area in which the plurality of shift registers is arranged,
wherein the plurality of ON-control pulses include a pulse that repeats each time a period has elapsed, the plurality of OFF-control pulses include a pulse that repeats each time the period has elapsed, and
wherein a first OFF-control pulse of the plurality of OFF-control pulses has a delay difference from a first ON-control pulse of the plurality of ON-control pulses.

US Pat. No. 10,431,169

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a curved display panel;
at least one light source module configured to provide light to the display panel;
a bottom case configured to accommodate the light source module; and
at least one signal transmission unit connected to an end portion of the light source module, the signal transmission unit comprising at least one driving line transmitting a driving signal to the light source module and at least one base line transmitting a base signal,
wherein the signal transmission unit includes an input pad unit connected to an end portion of the driving line and an end portion of the base line, and configured to receive a driving signal outputted from a power supply, and an output pad unit connected to another end portion of the driving line and another end portion of the base line, an end portion of a branch line branching off from the base line, and
wherein the branch line includes a plurality of branch lines, a branch line farther away from the input pad unit has a greater line width than that close to the input pad unit.

US Pat. No. 10,431,168

METHODS FOR DRIVING FOUR PARTICLE ELECTROPHORETIC DISPLAY

E INK CALIFORNIA, LLC, F...

1. A driving method for an electrophoretic display comprising a first surface on a viewing side, a second surface on a non-viewing side and an electrophoretic fluid which fluid is sandwiched between a common electrode and a layer of pixel electrodes and comprises a first type of particles, a second type of particles, a third type of particles and a fourth type of particles, all of which are dispersed in a solvent or solvent mixture, wherein(a) the four types of pigment particles have optical characteristics differing from one another;
(b) the first type of particles carry high positive charge and the second type of particles carry high negative charge; and
(c) the third type of particles carry low positive charge and the fourth type of particles carry low negative charge,the method comprises the following steps:(i) applying a first driving voltage to a pixel in the electrophoretic display for a first period of time to drive the pixel towards the color state of the first or second type of particles at the viewing side;
(ii) applying no driving voltage to the pixel for a second period of time;
(iii) applying a second driving voltage to the pixel for a third period of time, wherein the third period of time is greater than the first period of time, the second driving voltage has polarity opposite that of the first driving voltage and the second driving voltage has an amplitude lower than that of the first driving voltage;
(iv) applying no driving voltage to the pixel for a fourth period of time; and repeating steps (i)-(iv);
(v) applying a third driving voltage to the pixel for a fifth period of time, wherein the third driving voltage has polarity same as that of the first driving voltage;
(vi) applying a fourth driving voltage to the pixel for a sixth period of time, wherein the fifth period of time is shorter than the sixth period of time and the fourth driving voltage has polarity opposite that of the first driving voltage to drive the pixel from the color state of the first type of particles towards the color state of the fourth type of particles or from the color state of the second type of particles towards the color state of the third type of particles, at the viewing side;
(vii) applying no driving voltage for a seventh period of time; and repeating steps (v)-(vii).

US Pat. No. 10,431,167

ELECTRONIC PAPER DISPLAY APPARATUS, SIGNAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

E Ink Holdings Inc., Hsi...

1. An electronic paper display apparatus, configured to transmit a first encrypted signal, the electronic paper display apparatus comprising:an electronic paper display panel, configured to display a first image and a second image; and
a display driver, electrically coupled to the electronic paper display panel and configured to output a driving signal to the electronic paper display panel,
wherein the display driver drives the electronic paper display panel to alternately display the first image and the second image to transmit the first encrypted signal by using the driving signal during a signal transmission period,
wherein the first encrypted signal comprises a combination of the first image and the second image displayed during the signal transmission period,
wherein the driving signal comprises a first signal level and a second signal level, the display driver drives the electronic paper display panel to display the first image by using the driving signal of the first signal level, and the display driver drives the electronic paper display panel to display the second image by using the driving signal of the second signal level,
wherein the driving signal contains a second encrypted signal generated by further encrypting the first encrypted signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,165

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a timing controller configured to:
convert input image data into a hue, saturation, brightness (HSV) color space to generate a saturation histogram;
generate a saturation gain curve and a dimming value based on the saturation histogram;
control saturation of an input image based on the saturation gain curve to generate a data signal; and
control luminance of the input image based on the dimming value to generate a light source control signal;
a data driver configured to generate data voltages based on the data signal;
a display panel configured to display an output image based on the data voltages; and
a light source configured to provide light to the display panel based on the light source control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,164

DISPLAY DEVICE, DISPLAY MODULE, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device comprising:a photodetector circuit; and
a pixel circuit,
wherein the photodetector circuit comprises:
a light-receiving element;
a first transistor; and
a second transistor,
wherein the pixel circuit comprises:
a light-emitting element; and
a third transistor,
wherein one of a source and a drain of the first transistor is electrically connected to a first electrode of the light-receiving element,
wherein the one of the source and the drain of the first transistor is electrically connected to one of a source and a drain of the second transistor,
wherein the other of the source and the drain of the second transistor is electrically connected to one of two gates of the third transistor, and
wherein one of a source and a drain of the third transistor is electrically connected to a first electrode of the light-emitting element.

US Pat. No. 10,431,163

BACKLIGHT SCANNING METHOD, BACKLIGHT SCANNING DEVICE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight scanning method used for a backlight source in a liquid crystal display, the backlight source being an edge lighting type backlight source and comprising light sources and a light guiding element, the light sources being disposed at an upper side of the light guiding element and a lower side of the light guiding element, and the light guiding element comprising an upper side optical region and a lower side optical region that are parallel to each other, and the light guiding element further comprising a reflective surface which is provided between the upper side optical region and the lower side optical region, and is configured for preventing light from the upper side optical region from mixing with light from the lower side optical region, the method comprising:turning on the light sources at the upper side of the light guiding element and the light sources at the lower side of the light guiding element respectively after twisting of liquid crystal corresponding to pixels in the upper side optical region and twisting of liquid crystal corresponding to pixels in the lower side optical region are respectively stopped; and
turning off the light sources at the upper side of the light guiding element and the light sources at the lower side of the light guiding element respectively when twisting of the liquid crystal corresponding to the pixels in the first rows of the upper side optical region and the lower side optical region respectively start.

US Pat. No. 10,431,162

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device, comprising:first pixels in a first pixel area, the first pixels electrically connected to first signal lines, second signal lines, and data lines;
second pixels in a second pixel area having a shape different from the first pixel area, the second pixels electrically connected to third signal lines, fourth signal lines, and the data lines;
first driver stages to supply a first signal to the first and third signal lines;
second driver stages to supply a second signal to the second signal lines and at least one of the fourth signal lines; and
third driver stages to supply the second signal to the fourth signal lines other than the at least one fourth signal line connected to the second driver stages, wherein
the second driver stages are spaced from the third driver stages such that the first driver stages are between the second driver stages and the first pixels in a first direction, and at least one of the third driver stages is adjacent to at least one of the first driver stages in a second direction crossing the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,431,161

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS HAVING ANALYSIS CIRCUIT ANALYZING GRADATION DATA

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A display device in which at least a display portion and a driving circuit are mounted on a same substrate, comprising:a plurality of latch circuits which latch gradation data that is used to drive a plurality of data lines provided corresponding to a plurality of columns of a pixel circuit in the display portion;
a plurality of D/A converters which convert gradation data that is latched to the plurality of latch circuits to a plurality of analog signals;
a plurality of amplifiers which generate a plurality of gradation signals by respectively amplifying the plurality of analog signals output from the plurality of D/A converters; and
an analysis circuit that analyzes gradation data that is latched to the plurality of latch circuits, determines whether a gray level of the gradation data is less than or equal to a predetermined level or higher than or equal to the predetermined level, the predetermined level being a single gray scale level different from a white level and a black level of the gradation data, and reduces direct current that flows in at least one amplifier or at least one D/A converter according to an analysis result.

US Pat. No. 10,431,160

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE PANEL, GATE DRIVER CIRCUIT AND UNIT THEREOF

Peking University Shenzhe...

1. A gate driver circuit unit, comprising: a scanning signal generating unit for generating a scanning signal, configured to transmit a first clock signal to a scanning signal output terminal under the control of a pulse signal and to pull down and maintain the voltage of the scanning signal output terminal at low voltage level under the control of a second clock signal; a light emitting signal generating unit for generating a light emitting signal, configured to pull down the voltage of a light emitting signal output terminal under the control of the pulse signal, and to couple the light emitting signal output terminal to a high voltage supply under the control of the second clock signal;wherein the scanning signal generating unit comprises: a first pull-up module comprising a first control terminal, the first control terminal of the first pull-up module being configured to transmit the first clock signal to the scanning signal output terminal after obtaining the driving voltage; an input module configured to receive the input pulse signal from the pulse signal input terminal to provide the driving voltage to the first control terminal of the first pull-up module; and a first pull-down module down and maintain the voltage of the scanning signal output terminal at low voltage level under the control of the second clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,159

REGISTER CIRCUIT, DRIVER CIRCUIT, AND DISPLAY UNIT

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. A register circuit, comprising:an output circuit including
a first control terminal,
a first power terminal,
an output terminal,
a first electrically-conductive path between the first control terminal and the output terminal,
a second electrically-conductive path between the first power terminal and the output terminal,
a first transistor provided in the first electrically-conductive path, the first transistor having a first terminal directly connected to the first control terminal and a second terminal directly connected to the output terminal, and
a second transistor provided in the second electrically-conductive path, the second transistor having a first terminal directly connected to the first power terminal and a second terminal directly connected to the output terminal;
an input circuit including
an input terminal,
a second control terminal,
a third electrically-conductive path between the input terminal and a gate terminal of the first transistor,
a third transistor provided in the third electrically-conductive path, the third transistor having a first terminal directly connected to the input terminal,
a fourth electrically-conductive path between the second control terminal and a gate terminal of the third transistor, and
a fourth transistor provided in the fourth electrically-conductive path, the fourth transistor having a first terminal directly connected to the second control terminal, a second terminal directly connected to the gate terminal of the third transistor, and a gate terminal that is directly connected to the input terminal; and
a reset circuit including
a second power terminal,
a fifth electrically-conductive path between the second power terminal and the gate terminal of the first transistor, and
a fifth transistor provided in the fifth electrically-conductive path, the fifth transistor having a first terminal directly connected to the gate terminal of the first transistor and a second terminal directly connected to the second power terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,158

DISPLAY PANEL, MANUFACTURING METHOD AND DRIVE METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY APPRATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel comprising: an OLED panel comprising an anode and a reflecting LCD panel arranged in a laminated mode, and a drive circuit, wherein the drive circuit is connected to the OLED panel and the reflecting LCD panel respectively; andthe drive circuit is used to drive the OLED panel or the reflecting LCD panel to display content in accordance with a control signal;
wherein no common electrode is arranged in the reflecting LCD panel, and the anode is used as a common electrode of the reflecting LCD panel when the reflecting LCD panel displays content.

US Pat. No. 10,431,157

OLED DISPLAY DEVICE AND PIXEL DRIVING CIRCUIT THEREOF

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A pixel driving circuit for an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display device, comprising:a first thin-film transistor (TFT), comprising a gate electrically connected to a first node, a source electrically connected to a second node, and a drain electrically connected to a first supply voltage;
a second TFT, comprising a gate receiving a second scanning signal and a drain electrically connected to the first node;
a third TFT, comprising a gate receiving a first scanning signal and a source electrically connected to the second node;
a fourth TFT, comprising a gate receiving a third scanning signal and a drain electrically connected to the second node;
a first capacitor, electrically connected between the first node and the second node;
a second capacitor, electrically connected between the second node and a reference signal at low voltage level;
an OLED, comprising an anode electrically connected to a drain of the third TFT and a cathode electrically connected to a second supply voltage;
wherein when the OLED display device is powered off or powered on, a source of the second TFT receives the first data signal, a source of the fourth TFT receives an initialized signal or a voltage sensor, and the voltage sensor is configured to sense a threshold voltage of the first TFT and a turn-on voltage of the OLED and generate a threshold voltage signal and a turn-on voltage compensating signal;
when the OLED display device operates normally, the source of the second TFT receives the second data signal formed by a combination of the threshold voltage signal, the turn-on voltage compensating signal, and a raw data signal;
wherein the initialized signal and the first data signal are both at constantly low voltage level, the raw data signal is at single-pulse high voltage level.

US Pat. No. 10,431,156

PIXEL CIRCUIT AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A pixel circuit, comprising: an input sub-circuit, a driving sub-circuit, a light emitting control sub-circuit, a light emitting sub-circuit and a voltage stabilizing sub-circuit;the input sub-circuit is connected respectively to a scan signal terminal, a data signal terminal, a first node, a second node and a third node, and configured to output a data signal from the data signal terminal to the second node, and connect the third node with the first node under control of a scan signal from the scan signal terminal;
the driving sub-circuit is connected respectively to a first power source signal terminal, the first node, the second node and the third node, and configured to adjust a voltage level at the first node according to a voltage level at the second node and a first power source signal outputted from the first power source signal terminal when the input sub-circuit connects the third node with the first node, and output a driving current to the third node according to a first power source signal outputted from the first power source signal terminal under control of the first node when the input sub-circuit does not connect the third node with the first node;
the light emitting control sub-circuit is connected respectively to a light emitting control signal terminal, a reference signal terminal, the second node, the third node and one terminal of the light emitting sub-circuit, and configured to control a voltage level at the second node according to a reference signal from the reference signal terminal under control of a light emitting control signal from the light emitting control signal terminal, and output the driving current to a first terminal of the light emitting sub-circuit under control of the light emitting control signal from the light emitting control signal terminal;
a second terminal of the light emitting sub-circuit is connected to a second power source signal terminal, the light emitting sub-circuit is configured to emit light under driving of the driving current;
the voltage stabilizing sub-circuit is connected respectively to the second node and a voltage stabilizing signal terminal, and configured to stabilize a voltage level at the second node under control of a voltage stabilizing signal from the voltage stabilizing signal terminal, and the voltage level of the voltage stabilizing signal is always unchanged during driving process of the pixel circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,431,155

DISPLAY DEVICE WITH DEGRADATION COMPENSATION BASED ON SENSING DATA AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel comprising pixels;
a sensor configured to generate sensing data by measuring a current flowing through each of the pixels based on a reference voltage; and
a compensator configured to:
generate stress data by calculating stress of the pixels based on input data provided from an external component;
divide the pixels into groups using a first block having a first size;
generate first reference data by calculating first reference values for the groups based on first pixels of the pixels in the groups having a first stress value among the stress data; and
generate degradation data based on the sensing data by compensating a variation in the sensing data based on the first reference data.

US Pat. No. 10,431,154

LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY WITH REDUCED LEAKAGE

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A display pixel, comprising:a first power supply terminal;
a second power supply terminal;
a light-emitting diode;
a first transistor, wherein the first transistor is a drive transistor that supplies a current to the light-emitting diode, wherein the drive transistor and the light-emitting diode are coupled in series between the first and second power supply terminals, wherein the first transistor has a gate coupled to a first node, a first source-drain terminal coupled to a second node, and a second source-drain terminal coupled to a third node;
a second transistor that has a first source-drain terminal coupled to the first node and a second source-drain terminal coupled to the second node, wherein the second node is interposed between the drive transistor and the light-emitting diode; and
a third transistor that has a first source-drain terminal coupled to the second node and a second source-drain terminal coupled to a reference voltage terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,152

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A top-emission organic light-emitting display device comprising:a plurality of pixels each having color filters, wherein each of the plurality of pixels comprises a first sub-pixel, a second sub-pixel, a third sub-pixel, and a fourth sub-pixel;
first to fourth switching transistors configured to switch the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel, respectively; and
first to fourth driving transistors configured to drive the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel and the fourth sub-pixel, respectively,
wherein the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, and the fourth sub-pixel are arranged sequentially in a column direction,
wherein each of the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, and the fourth sub-pixel extends in a row direction rather than in the column direction,
wherein each of the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, and the fourth sub-pixel comprises a first electrode extended in the row direction rather than in the column direction and correspond to the first sub-pixel, the second sub-pixel, the third sub-pixel, and the fourth sub-pixel, respectively, and
wherein the first switching transistor, the second switching transistor, the first driving transistor and the second driving transistor overlap the first electrode of the second sub-pixel, and the third switching transistor, the fourth switching transistor, the third driving transistor and the fourth driving transistor overlap the first electrode of the third sub-pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,431,149

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND SEAM CORRECTION METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display including a plurality of display modules; and
a processor configured
to measure a first voltage according to a current flowing through reference pixels operating in a light reception mode by a light emitted from first adjacent pixels that are adjacent to the reference pixels, the first adjacent pixels and the reference pixels being included in a first display module of the plurality of display modules,
to measure a second voltage according to a current flowing through the reference pixels operating in the light reception mode by a light emitted from second adjacent pixels that are adjacent to the reference pixels, the second adjacent pixels being included in one or more display modules that are adjacent to the first display module,
to determine whether a difference between the measured first voltage and the measured second voltage is larger than or equal to a predetermined threshold value, and
to adjust a gain with respect to the second adjacent pixels based on amplitudes of the first voltage and the second voltage when the processor determines that the determined difference is larger than or equal to the predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,148

MODULE TYPE DISPLAY APPARATUS, DISPLAY APPARATUS COMPRISING THE MODULE TYPE DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A module type display apparatus, comprising:a communication interface;
a display panel comprising a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs);
a storage storing information regarding at least one of brightness or a color coordinate according to at least one of a temperature characteristic or a service life characteristic of the plurality of light emitting diodes;
a sensor; and
a processor configured to:
based on identifying that at least one external module type display apparatus is adjacent to the module type display apparatus, receive information from the at least one external module type display apparatus through the communication interface;
obtain at least one of a first brightness or a first color coordinate based on the information stored in the storage according to a characteristic of at least one LED sensed by the sensor; and
identify a target value by comparing at least one of the first brightness or the first color coordinate with at least one of second brightness or a second color coordinate included in the received information, and adjust at least one of the first brightness or the first color coordinate to the target value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,147

DC-DC CONVERTER WITH SLAVE OPERATION DURING HIGH INPUT VOLTAGE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A DC-DC converter, comprising:a first converter which converts a first power into a first power voltage and outputs the first power voltage to a first output, wherein the first converter comprises:
a first inductor coupled between an input power and a first node;
an inductor charge transistor coupled between the first node and a ground;
a pass transistor coupled between the first node and the first output; and
a body diode connected in parallel to the pass transistor;
a sensor coupled between both ends of the pass transistor of the first converter, and which detects a driving current of a load to which the first power voltage is applied;
a second converter which receives an input power voltage from the input power and outputs a second power voltage lower than the first power voltage to a second output, wherein the second converter comprises:
a master inverting converter which outputs the second power voltage independently of the driving current;
a slave inverting converter which outputs the second power voltage when the driving current is greater than a predetermined threshold or when the input power voltage is greater than a predetermined boosting voltage limit; and
an inverting converter controller which controls operations of the master inverting converter and the slave inverting converter to be in a first drive mode, in which only the master inverting converter operates, and a second drive mode, in which both the master and slave inverting converters operate, based on the driving current and the input power voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,431,146

DISPLAY DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF DRIVING DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:an image display panel in which a plurality of pixels are arranged in a matrix pattern;
a plurality of light sources that are respectively arranged in correspondence with a plurality of partial areas acquired by dividing the area of an image display surface of the image display panel, and that emit light to the corresponding partial areas; and
a signal processor that controls the pixels based on an input signal of an image and controls emission amounts of light of the light sources,
wherein the signal processor includes:
a light emission value calculating circuit that calculates a light emission value for each of the light sources based on the input signal, the light emission value is an emission amount of light of each of the light sources;
a luminance calculating circuit that calculates luminances of the pixels based on the input signal;
a chunk determining circuit that determines whether pixels within a predetermined luminance value range are continuously present among the pixels and determines an area of the continuous pixels as a chunk;
a maximum luminance value detecting circuit that detects a maximum luminance value for each of the partial areas, the maximum luminance value is a maximum luminance among luminances of the pixels disposed inside the chunk in one of the partial areas;
a luminance gain value determining circuit that determines a luminance gain value for each of the partial areas based on the maximum luminance value, such that a corrected light emission value that is a value acquired by multiplying the light emission value by the luminance gain value is a value of a predetermined upper limit emission value set in advance or less; and
a light emission control circuit that causes the light sources to emit light based on the corrected light emission value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,144

SCAN CIRCUIT UNIT, DRIVING METHOD THEREOF, GATE DRIVE CIRCUIT, AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A scan circuit unit comprising:a first clock terminal operable to receive a first clock signal;
a second clock terminal operable to receive a second clock signal;
a reference voltage terminal operable to receive an inactive level voltage;
a first output terminal operable to output a first scan signal;
a second output terminal operable to output a second scan signal;
a shift register unit operable to generate an output pulse signal from an input pulse signal, the output pulse signal being a time-shifted version of the input pulse signal;
a first set of transistors operable to selectively transfer the first clock signal from the first clock terminal to the first output terminal as the first scan signal in dependence on the output pulse signal, and to selectively transfer the inactive level voltage from the reference voltage terminal to the first output terminal as the first scan signal in dependence on the second clock signal from the second clock terminal; and
a second set of transistors operable to selectively transfer the second clock signal from the second clock terminal to the second output terminal as the second scan signal in dependence on the output pulse signal, and to selectively transfer the inactive level voltage from the reference voltage terminal to the second output terminal as the second scan signal in dependence on the first clock signal from the first clock terminal,
wherein the first set of transistors comprises:
a first transistor having a gate directly connected to an output of the shift register unit to receive the output pulse signal, a first electrode connected to the first clock terminal, and a second electrode connected to the first output terminal; and
a second transistor having a gate connected to the second clock terminal, a first electrode connected to the reference voltage terminal, and a second electrode connected to the first output terminal, and
wherein the second set of transistors comprises:
a third transistor having a gate connected to the first clock terminal, a first electrode connected to the reference voltage terminal, and a second electrode connected to the second output terminal; and
a fourth transistor having a gate directly connected to the output of the shift register unit to receive the output pulse signal, a first electrode connected to the second clock terminal, and a second electrode connected to the second output terminal electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,431,143

SHIFT REGISTER, DRIVING METHOD THEREOF, GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A shift register, comprising:a first input circuit coupled to a first input terminal and a first pull-up node, the first input circuit being configured to electrically connect the first input terminal to the first pull-up node when the first input terminal receives an active signal;
a second input circuit coupled to a second input terminal and a second pull-up node, the second input circuit being configured to electrically connect the second input terminal to the second pull-up node when the second input terminal receives an active signal;
a pull-up transistor including a first gate electrode coupled to the first pull-up node and a second gate electrode coupled to the second pull-up node; and
wherein the pull-up transistor further includes a source electrode and a drain electrode, one of the source electrode and the drain electrode being coupled to a clock signal terminal, and the other one of the source electrode and the drain electrode being coupled to a signal output terminal;
wherein the shift register further comprises a reset circuit coupled to the first pull-up node, the second pull-up node, the signal output terminal, a reset terminal, and an inactive signal terminal, the reset circuit being configured to electrically connect the first pull-up node, the second pull-up node, and the signal output terminal to the inactive signal terminal when the reset terminal receives an active signal,
the reset terminal includes a first reset port and a second reset port, and
the reset circuit includes:
a first reset sub-circuit coupled to the first pull-up node, the first reset port, the second reset port, and the inactive signal terminal, the first reset sub-circuit being configured to electrically connect the first pull-up node to the inactive signal terminal when the first reset port or the second reset port receives an active signal;
a second reset sub-circuit coupled to the second pull-up node, the first reset port, the second reset port, and the inactive signal terminal, the second reset sub-circuit being configured to electrically connect the second pull-up node to the inactive signal terminal when one of the first reset port or the second reset port receives an active signal; and
a third reset sub-circuit coupled to the signal output terminal, the first reset port, the second reset port and the inactive signal terminal, the third reset sub-circuit being configured to electrically connect the signal output terminal to the inactive signal terminal when the first reset port or the second reset port receives an active signal;
the first reset sub-circuit includes a first reset transistor including a first gate electrode coupled to the first reset port, a second gate electrode coupled to the second reset port, a source electrode, and a drain electrode,
one of the source electrode and the drain electrode of the first reset transistor is coupled to the first pull-up node, and
the other one of the source electrode and the drain electrode of the first reset transistor is coupled to the inactive signal terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,142

PIXEL CIRCUIT AND ELECTROLUMINESCENT DISPLAY COMPRISING THE PIXEL CIRCUIT

INT TECH CO., LTD., Taip...

1. A circuit, comprising:an electroluminescent (EL) device;
a first transistor, coupled between a supply voltage and the EL device, the first transistor including a first terminal, a gate coupled to a first node and a second terminal coupled to a second node;
a second transistor, wherein a gate of the second transistor is coupled to a first control signal, and a first terminal of the second transistor is coupled to the first node;
a third transistor, wherein a gate of the third transistor is coupled to the first control signal, a first terminal of the third transistor is coupled to the first terminal of the first transistor, and a second terminal of the third transistor is coupled to a second terminal of the second transistor;
a fourth transistor, configured to receive the supply voltage, and provide the supply voltage to each of the gate of the first transistor and the first terminal of the first transistor though a same number of transistors, wherein a gate of the fourth transistor is coupled to the first control signal, a first terminal of the fourth transistor is coupled to the second terminal of the second transistor, and a second terminal of the fourth transistor is coupled to the supply voltage;
a first capacitor, coupled between the first node and the second node, being configured to reset the gate of the first transistor to the supply voltage in response to the first control signal; and
a second capacitor including a first end coupled to the second node and a second end to receive a second control signal, the second capacitor being configured to establish at the second terminal of the first transistor a compensation voltage associated with a threshold voltage of the first transistor in response to the second control signal,
wherein the first transistor is configured to pass a current through the EL device, the current having a magnitude being independent of the threshold voltage of the first transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,141

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel comprising a display area and a non-display area;
a circuit board connected electrically to the display panel and folded over to be disposed below the display panel, the circuit board overlapping the display panel in a plan view;
a driving device mounted on the circuit board and configured to apply an electrical signal to the display panel; and
a case comprising:
a metal body portion housing the display panel and the circuit board; and
a metal protrusion portion protruding from the metal body portion, wherein the circuit board comprises:
a ground layer;
an insulating layer defining a contact hole therethrough;
a ground pattern electrically connected to the ground layer through the contact hole of the insulating layer, and facing the metal protrusion portion; and
a via electrode for electrically connecting the ground layer and the ground pattern, and located in the contact hole defined by the insulating layer, and
wherein the metal protrusion portion overlaps the ground pattern in the plan view and is spaced from the ground pattern in a thickness direction of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,431,140

DISPLAY DEVICE CONTROLLING SCAN VOLTAGE LEVEL ACCORDING TO AMBIENT TEMPERATURE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display unit including pixels coupled to scan lines and data lines;
a data driver which supplies a data signal to pixels through the data lines;
a scan driver which generates a scan signal using a first scan voltage and a second scan voltage, and supply the scan signal to the pixels through the scan lines;
a processor which generates first scan voltage information by setting a first scan voltage level, based on an ambient temperature of the display device;
a timing controller which generates a power control signal including the first scan voltage information and delta voltage information; and
a power supply which includes:
a digital-analog converter which generates the first scan voltage, based on the first scan voltage information, generates a delta voltage, based on the delta voltage information, and directly outputs the first scan voltage and the delta voltage,
wherein the delta voltage determines a difference between the first scan voltage and the second scan voltage, and
the power supply generates the first scan voltage and the delta voltage using the power control signal, and generates the second scan voltage by dropping the delta voltage from the first scan voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,431,139

SCREEN COLOR CALIBRATION

Lenovo (Singapore) PTE. L...

1. An apparatus comprising:a screen;
a calibration screen disposed within a computer;
an optical sensor adjacent to the calibration screen that measures a calibration color of the calibration screen, wherein the calibration screen is separate from the screen and has a color calibration within 5 percent of a screen color of the screen after 24 months;
a processor;
a memory that stores code executable by the processor to calibrate the screen color using the calibration color by:
determining whether the calibration color satisfies a color policy;
in response to the calibration color not satisfying the color policy, modifying calibration screen settings for the calibration screen; and
setting screen settings for the screen to the calibration screen settings.

US Pat. No. 10,431,138

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a plurality of display modules;
a display driver; and
a processor configured to:
identify a power consumption of each of the plurality of display modules for displaying an input image using the plurality of display modules; and
control the display driver to control an input current to each of the plurality of display modules based on the identified power consumption of each of the plurality of display modules to display the input image using the plurality of display modules.

US Pat. No. 10,431,137

DISPLAY DRIVING METHOD, DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A display driving method, comprising:driving display area of a display panel by using at least two data driving circuits each of which is connected to a plurality of data lines, each data line of the plurality of data lines connected to at least one sub-pixel;
driving a part of display area of the display panel by each of the data driving circuits; wherein:
a first data driving circuit of the at least two data driving circuits is connected to data lines within a first area of the display area;
a second data driving circuit of the at least two data driving circuits is connected to data lines within a second area of the display area;
wherein the first area partially overlaps with the second area, the partially overlapped area comprises at least one sub-pixel connected to both the first data driving circuit and the second data driving circuit, and the sub-pixel arranged in the partially overlapped area of the first area and the second area is driven simultaneously by the first data driving circuit and the second data driving circuit,
wherein at least one sub-pixel arranged in a portion of the first area not overlapping with the second area is only driven by the first data driving circuit and not driven by the second data driving circuit;
wherein at least one sub-pixel arranged in a portion of the second area not overlapping with the first area is only driven by the second data driving circuit and not driven by the first data driving circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,431,136

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

XIAMEN TIANMA MICRO-ELECT...

1. An array substrate, comprising a display area, and a non-display area surrounding the display area,wherein the display area comprises a plurality of data lines;
wherein the non-display area comprises a demultiplexer assembly, a test switch assembly, a plurality of data signal fanout wires, and a driver chip IC;
wherein the demultiplexer assembly has a side proximate to the display area and another side away from the display area, and wherein the demultiplexer assembly includes:
a plurality of signal output terminals electrically connected with the plurality of data lines in the display area;
a plurality of first signal input terminals electrically connected with the plurality of data signal fanout wires; and
a plurality of second signal input terminals electrically connected with the plurality of signal output terminals of the test switch assembly;
wherein the test switch assembly is arranged on the side of the demultiplexer assembly away from the display area;
wherein the plurality of data signal fanout wires are arranged at a different layer than the test switch assembly, and wherein an orthographic projection of the plurality of data signal fanout wires on the array substrate overlaps with an orthographic projection of the test switch assembly on the array substrate;
wherein the driver chip IC includes one terminal electrically connected with the plurality of data signal fanout wires; and wherein the driver chip IC is arranged on a side of test switch assembly away from the display area.

US Pat. No. 10,431,135

SCANNING DRIVING CIRCUIT

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A scanning driving circuit, wherein the scanning driving circuit comprises a plurality of scanning driving units connected in turn, each scanning driving unit comprising:a scanning signal output terminal, for outputting a high voltage level scanning signal or a low voltage level scanning signal;
a pull-up circuit, for receiving a level clock signal and controlling the scanning signal output terminal to output a high voltage level scan signal in accordance with the level clock signal;
a transfer circuit, connected the pull-up circuit for outputting a staged transmission signal with high voltage level;
a pull-up control circuit, connected to the transfer circuit, for charging a pull-up control signal point to pull electrical potential of the pull-up control signal point to a high voltage level;
a pull-down holding circuit, connected to the pull-up control circuit, for maintaining a low voltage level of the pull-up control signal point and a low voltage level of a scanning signal outputted by the scanning signal output terminal; and
a bootstrap circuit, for raising electrical potential of the pull-up control signal point;
the pull-up circuit comprises a first controllable switch, a first terminal of the first controllable switch receives the staged clock signal and is connected to the transfer circuit, a control terminal of the first controllable switch is connected to the transfer circuit, a second terminal of the first controllable switch is connected to the pull-down holding circuit and the scanning signal output terminal;
the transfer circuit comprises a second controllable switch, a control terminal of the second controllable switch is connected to a control terminal of the first controllable switch, a first terminal of the second controllable switch is connected to a first terminal of the first controllable switch and a second terminal of the second controllable switch outputs a staged transmission signal;
the pull-up control circuit comprises third to fifth controllable switches;
a control terminal of the third controllable switch is connected to a control terminal of the second controllable switch, a second terminal of the fifth controllable switch, and the pull-down holding circuit;
a first terminal of the third controllable switch is connected to a second terminal of the fourth controllable switch and a first terminal of the fifth controllable switch;
a second terminal of the third controllable switch is connected to the pull-down holding circuit;
a first terminal of the fourth controllable switch receives a former staged transmission signal; and
a control terminal of the fourth controllable switch is connected to a control terminal of the fifth controllable switch and receives a first clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,134

DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING MASTER AND SLAVE DRIVERS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel including a first area and a second area that include a plurality of pixels; and
a driver including a master driver and a slave driver, the master driver to compensate a first image signal for the first area to generate a first compensation signal based on the first image signal and a second image signal for the second area, and to provide a first data signal corresponding to the first compensation signal and a scan control signal to the first area, the slave driver to compensate the second image signal to generate a second compensation signal based on the first image signal and the second image signal and to provide a second data signal corresponding to the second compensation signal and the scan control signal to the second area, wherein
the master driver and the slave driver are implemented as integrated circuits, respectively, each integrated circuit including a timing controller and a data driver that are integrated together, wherein
the timing controller of the master driver is to generate a control signal to control a scan driver of the display panel and to provide the control signal to the timing controller of the slave driver, and wherein
the timing controller of the slave driver generates the scan control signal by changing a voltage level of the control signal provided from the timing controller of the master driver.

US Pat. No. 10,431,133

IMAGE SHIFT CONTROL METHOD FOR CHANGING A STARTING POSITION OF AN IMAGE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An image shift control method comprising:generating image position information by using sample data of first image data by:
receiving a partial bit of the sample data as an output signal of a plurality of output signals; and
outputting a least recently received output signal of the plurality of output signals in response to receiving the partial bit of the sample data such that a number of the plurality of output signals are maintained; and
determining a movement direction and a movement amount of an image by using the image position information.

US Pat. No. 10,431,131

PROJECTOR AND CONTROL METHOD FOR PROJECTOR

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A projector comprising:a projecting optical system configured to project an image on a projection surface; and
a central processor configured to act as:
a size detecting section configured to detect a size of a region of the projection surface on which the image is projected by the projecting section;
a size determining section configured to determine, on the basis of the size of the region detected by the size detecting section, a size of an object projected on the projection surface; and
a projection control section configured to cause the projecting optical system to project the image including the object having the size determined by the size determining section,
wherein the size of the object is increased in proportion to a size of the region until the size of the region reaches a first fixed size set in advance, and when the size of the region is a first size larger than the first fixed size, the object having a second fixed size set in advance is projected on the projection surface, and when the size of the region is a second size larger than the first size, the object having the second fixed size is projected on the projection surface.

US Pat. No. 10,431,130

DISPLAY SYSTEM

Atomic Design Inc., Liti...

1. A display system, comprising:a first modular panel having a display element;
a plurality of first connectors connected to the first modular panel;
a plurality of first rods having a distal end connected to the plurality of first connectors; and
a plurality of second connectors engaging with proximal ends of the plurality of first rods, each second connector of the plurality of second connectors includes a mating element having a dovetail connector that matingly and removably connects the plurality of second connectors to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,431,129

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An information processing device comprising:a first housing provided with a front face, a rear face, a first side face, and a first opening, the front face and the rear face facing each other;
a second housing provided with a front face, a rear face, a second side face, and a second opening, the front face and the rear face facing each other;
a first hinge that connects a lower portion of the first housing that includes the rear face of the first housing, and a lower portion of the second housing that includes the rear face of the second housing; and
a flexible display panel provided across the front face of the first housing and the front face of the second housing,
wherein the first hinge includes a plate-shaped hinge configured to at least partially bend;
the first opening of the first side face of the first housing and the second opening of the second side face of the second housing, the first side face and the second side face being adjacent to the first hinge, are provided so that at least a portion of the first opening and at least a portion of the second opening are disposed facing each other in a first state where the first side face and the second side face are disposed facing each other;
a support member is provided that is configured to move between the flexible display panel and the first hinge, from one of the first side face and the second side face toward the other;the support member, in the first state, is fitted into the first opening and the second opening and fixed;the support member, in a second state where the first side face and the second side face are not facing each other, is stored in an interior of one of the first housing and the second housing or fitted into one of the first opening and the second opening;
the first hinge includes a flexible hinge made from a rubber or a silicone,
a second hinge includes a single substrate made from a resin or a metal,
the first hinge is provided across the interior of the first housing and the interior of the second housing via the first opening and the second opening, and
the second hinge is provided across the rear face of the first housing and the rear face of the second housing, and includes a plurality of holes formed in at least a region between a portion facing the first housing and a portion facing the second housing.

US Pat. No. 10,431,128

PRESSURE REGULATOR WITH IDENTIFICATION DEVICE

MARSHALL EXCELSIOR CO., ...

1. A pressure regulator for installing in a fluid flow system, said pressure regulator comprising:a pressure regulator body having an inlet and an outlet spaced from said inlet, said pressure regulator body having a body portion of a first diameter and a neck portion extending from said body portion of a second diameter being smaller than said first diameter, said neck portion having an arcuate portion; and
an identification device coupled to said pressure regulator body, said identification device having a first portion with first identification information affixed circumferentially to said arcuate portion and a second portion with second identification information freely hanging off said pressure regulator body and tangentially relative to said arcuate portion, wherein at least a portion of said first identification information is the same as said second identification information,
said second portion of said identification device being configured to be separated from said first portion while said first portion of said identification device remains coupled to said pressure regulator body, wherein said second portion is configured to be affixed to a surface after said second portion is separated from said first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,431,127

TAMPER-EVIDENT SEAL FOR ELECTRICITY METERS

Dario Iturria Avalos, De...

1. A single use guarantee seal for non-opening electrical energy consumption meters, comprising:a base (A) which includes a single arrow-shaped pawl (D), a pair of punches (O) and a pair of forming slots (V);
a lid (H) which includes a pair of punches (P) and a pair of rectangular punches (I); and
a continuity verification mechanism (N) including a tab (R), a channel bottom (M), a pair of channels (S) and at least a pair of pawls (Q);
wherein a correct assembly (L) of said guarantee seal is generated when the base (A) is assembled with the lid (H) and subsequently the continuity verification mechanism (N) is assembled;
wherein, for assembling such continuity verification mechanism (N), the tab (R) serves to hld said continuity verification mechanism (N) and be able to press it against the base (A), which was previously assembled with the lid (H), using the pair of punches (O) of the base (A) as guide until the pair of pawls (Q) of the continuity verification mechanism (N) are fastened to the base (A);
wherein the channel bottom (M) of said continuity verification mechanism (N) carries a fragile electricity conductor element (U) that was inserted in said channel bottom (M) before performing the assembly (L), and
wherein the pair of channels (S) of the same continuity verification mechanism (N) along with the pair of punches (P) of the lid (H) form a pair of cavities or terminals (G) among which there is an electrical continuity, being said electrical continuity possible because both of the cavities or terminals (G) are in contact with the fragile electricity conductor element (U).

US Pat. No. 10,431,126

TEMPERATURE VALIDATION SLIDE

1. A temperature validation slide comprising:a substrate, to be used with slide using research and medical diagnostic instruments requiring temperature validation, having a shape that is substantially a flat rectangular prism comprising at least a first face;
a removable label, positioned on the at least a first face of the substrate, comprising at least two irreversible threshold temperature indicators, a transparent barrier layer, a first area of the label displaying a first set of information, and a second area to receive information; and
an adhesive attaching the label to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,431,125

SEPARABLE COMPOSITE LABELING ARTICLES IN SHEET OR ROLL FORM

Bedford Industries, Inc.,...

1. A roll of a series of labeling articles, the roll comprising:a tag strip of ruptureably-connected tag portions of the labeling articles; and
a loop strip of elastic fastening loops of the labeling articles secured to the tag strip at a bond zone;
wherein the series of labeling articles are wound in an overlapping tight condition at the bond zone, and wherein the loop strip is wound with varying space conditions between layers of the loop strip.

US Pat. No. 10,431,124

SELF-DESTRUCTIVE DOCUMENTS FOR INFORMATION SECURITY AND PRIVACY PROTECTION

Invaluable Inventions, M...

1. A self-destructing document comprisinga coversheet capable of being printed upon, and cut or perforated so as to form a series of island cutouts which can be released from said coversheet by means of pulling on one or more filaments which overlay or underlay and are adhered to said cutouts, connecting said cutouts in a linear fashion, and;
one or more strippers, comprising a collar encircling and capable of being drawn along the length of said filament so as to release said adhered cutouts therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,431,123

METHOD FOR TESTING AND HARDENING SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS

1. A method for testing a white-box implementation of a cryptographic algorithm, said implementation being executable on a processor, generating a ciphertext from a plaintext by means of a secret key and being present in the processor in the form of machine commands, wherein the processor comprises at least one register and the method comprises the following steps:(a) feeding one plaintext of a plurality of plaintexts to the white-box implementation;
(b) reading out and storing the content of the at least one register of the processor stepwise while processing the machine commands of the white-box implementation stepwise, wherein intermediate results are generated while processing the machine commands of the white-box implementation stepwise for generating the ciphertext from the plaintext;
(c) repeating the hereinabove steps (a) and (b) with a further plaintext of the plurality of plaintexts N-times; and
(d) statistically evaluating a contents of the registers and the plaintexts, the intermediate results and/or the ciphertexts generated from the plaintexts by searching for correlations between the contents of the registers and the plaintexts, the intermediate results and/or the ciphertexts generated from the plaintexts to establish the secret key;
wherein N is chosen so large that a static evaluating of the contents of the registers and the plaintexts, the intermediate results and/or the ciphertexts generated from the plaintexts is possible.

US Pat. No. 10,431,122

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SMART CARTOGRAPHY

Environmental Systems Res...

1. A method for proportionally sizing symbols on a map, the method comprising:receiving, by a processor, geographic-based data having one or more polygonal features;
calculating, by the processor, a first average polygonal feature size for at least a subset of the one or more polygonal features at a first zoom level;
calculating, by the processor, a second average polygonal feature size for at least a subset of the one or more polygonal features at a second zoom level;
for a first display of the map at the first zoom level, setting a first minimum symbol size to a first predetermined percentage of the first average polygonal feature size, wherein the first minimum symbol size is less than 100% of the first average polygonal feature size;
for the first display of the map at the first zoom level, setting a first maximum symbol size to a second predetermined percentage of the first average polygonal feature size, wherein the first maximum symbol size is greater than 100% of the first average polygonal feature size;
for a second display of the map at the second zoom level having the same polygonal features as the first zoom level, setting a second minimum symbol size to the first predetermined percentage of the second average polygonal feature size, wherein the second minimum symbol size is less than 100% of the second average polygonal feature size;
for the second display of the map at the second zoom level, setting a second maximum symbol size to the second predetermined percentage of the second average polygonal feature size, wherein the second maximum symbol size is greater than 100% of the second average polygonal feature size;
rendering a first overlay of the symbols on the map at the first zoom level;
displaying the first overlay on the map on a display;
rendering a second overlay of the symbols on the map at the second zoom level;
displaying the second overlay on the map on the display;
wherein the symbols include at least one of lettering for labels, numbers, arrows, direction indicators, icons, circles, or bar graphs,
wherein the polygon features include at least one of states, counties, cities, zip codes, areas of common vegetation, bodies of water, roads, or buildings; and
wherein the symbols represent at least one of income, life expectancy, population, or sales.

US Pat. No. 10,431,121

REDEMPTIVE WORK OF JESUS CHRIST DEMONSTRATED ON BALANCE SCALE

1. A visually demonstrative device for sharing the good news of Jesus Christ's redemptive power comprising, the visually demonstrative device having a right side and a left side:a base, a support post secured centrally to the base and extending upward vertically from the base, a balance beam pivotally secured to the support post at a fulcrum point, said balance beam extending horizontally on either side of the support post, each end of the balance beam supporting a holding tray for holding removable objects,
said balance beam being provided centrally with a pointer that extends perpendicular to the balance beam and points upward toward a moveable scale sign provided on the top end of the support post, said moveable scale sign moving in conjunction with movement of said pointer, said pointer pivoting in conjunction with pivoting motion of the balance beam, said pointer having a counter-balance on an opposite end past the pivotally secured fulcrum point,
a first object being a statue of Jesus Christ hanging on a cross with the function of providing a visual representation of the price paid for mankind's redemption, and supported by a base for the cross bearing a first inscription, said statue of Jesus Christ removably placed on a first tray of the two holding trays,
a second object being a statue of a human embedded in or near a block or pile of rags representing sin with the function of providing visual representation of mankind unable to redeem themselves from sin and having a sign bearing a second inscription, said statue of a human removably placed on a second tray of the two holding trays,
said moveable scale sign bearing three inscriptions, a first inscription of the three inscriptions on said moveable scale sign being located on the same side of said moveable scale sign as the holding tray bearing the statue of Jesus Christ,
a second inscription of the three inscriptions on said moveable scale sign being located on the same side of said moveable scale sign as the holding tray bearing the statue of a human where it is understood that if the first object and the first inscription are on the right side of the visually demonstrative device, then the second object and the second inscription are on the left side of the visually demonstrative device, and likewise, if the first object and the first inscription are on the left side of the visually demonstrative device, then the second object and the second inscription are on the right side of the visually demonstrative device,
a third inscription of the three inscriptions on said moveable scale sign being located centrally on said moveable scale sign, and
the statue of Jesus Christ and the statue of the human having enough weight to serve as a mechanical function to rotate the balance beam, but being of approximately equal weight so that the balance beam is approximately level and the pointer points to the third inscription when the statue of Jesus Christ and the statue of the human are placed on their respective holding trays and so that the pointer points to the first inscription when the statue of a human is removed and points to the second inscription when the statue of Jesus Christ is removed.

US Pat. No. 10,431,120

TRAINING DEVICE FOR MEDICAL PROCEDURES

Boston Scientific Scimed,...

1. A training device for medical procedures, comprising:a base, body portion, and cover;
the base, body portion, and cover comprising a back, a front, a top, a bottom, a left side, and a right side;
a track including a main track portion and a plurality of diverting track portions extending from the main track portion, wherein the main track portion extends from a back end proximate the back to a forward end proximate the front; and
a stricture device configured to adjust a width of the main track portion along a portion of the main track portion, wherein the stricture device includes a plurality of cams rotatable to constrict the main track portion, wherein the plurality of cams are held within corresponding recesses in an upper surface of a material surrounding the track, with a first one of the plurality of cams on a first side of the track, and a second one of the plurality of cams on a second side of the track.

US Pat. No. 10,431,119

BRAILLE CELLS AND ASSEMBLIES FOR SINGLE-LINE BRAILLE DISPLAYS

Inceptor Technologies Pvt...

1. An angularly-displaceable actuator configured to provide actuation of a Braille dot in a Braille cell in a refreshable Braille reader display, comprising:a horizontally-disposed elongate rod with a proximal end and a distal end;
a first shaft joined to the horizontally-disposed elongate rod about a pivot point at an end of the first shaft so as to angularly move about the horizontally-disposed elongate rod;
a metal plate separated from an electro-permanent magnet, wherein the metal plate is supported by the first shaft; and
a tactile pin joined to the first shaft and corresponding to the Braille dot, wherein the electro-permanent magnet corresponds to the tactile pin and is configured to,
in response to a first electric pulse in a first direction passed through the electro-permanent magnet, be magnetically attracted to the metal plate so as to cause angular displacement of the first shaft and physical displacement of the tactile pin to engage with the Braille dot spaced apart from a head of the tactile pin head, and
in response to a second electric pulse in a second direction opposite to the first direction passed through the electro-permanent magnet, stop being magnetically attracted to the fixed plate so as to cause the tactile pin to fall back and disengage from the Braille dot.

US Pat. No. 10,431,118

BRAILLE CELLS AND ASSEMBLIES FOR SINGLE-LINE BRAILLE DISPLAYS

INCEPTOR TECHNOLOGIES PVT...

1. A Braille cell assembly for single-line Braille display, comprising:an angularly-displaceable actuator configured to provide actuation of a Braille dot in a Braille cell in a refreshable Braille reader display, wherein the angularly-displaceable actuator includes,
a first horizontally-disposed elongate rod with a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the elongate rod is angularly-displaceable about a pivot hinge,
a base configured to hold a first end of the pivot hinge, wherein the pivot hinge includes a second end coupled to the horizontally-disposed elongate rod,
an electro-permanent magnet on the first horizontally-disposed elongate rod spaced apart from a metal plate on the base, such that magnetic actuation of the electro-permanent magnet causes angular displacement of the first horizontally-disposed elongate rod about the pivot hinge,
a tactile pin at a proximal end of the first horizontally-disposed elongate rod, wherein the electro-permanent magnet is configured to,
in response to a first electric pulse in a first direction passed through the electro-permanent magnet, be magnetically attracted to the fixed plate so as to cause angular displacement of the first-horizontally disposed elongate rod and physical displacement of the tactile pin to engage with the Braille dot spaced apart from a head of the tactile pin head, and
in response to a second electric pulse in a second direction opposite to the first direction passed through the electro-permanent magnet, stop being magnetically attracted to the fixed plate so as to cause the tactile pin to fall back and disengage from the Braille dot.

US Pat. No. 10,431,117

PROJECTION OF HAZARDOUS ITEMS INTO X-RAY IMAGES OF INSPECTION OBJECTS

SMITHS HEIMANN GMBH, Wie...

1. A generation device for generating test X-ray images for nondestructively inspecting an inspection object, wherein the generation device comprises:an inspection object database for storing X-ray image data of inspection objects generated using at least one X-ray inspection facility;
a target item database containing image data of target items;
an image projector for projecting a virtual image of a target item from the target item database into an X-ray image from the inspection object database in order to generate a test X-ray image,
wherein the image projector is configured for generating test X-ray images based on an X-ray image of an inspection object, the X-ray image having been recorded prior to a first time period, and the associated inspection object having already been classified as safe during an automatic inspection;
a central controller communicatively coupled to the at least one X-ray inspection facility and connected to a display for displaying one or more test X-ray images for training or testing an operator, wherein the central controller is further configured to display false alarm images as test X-ray images; and
an X-ray inspection algorithm for automatic inspection implemented in the at least one X-ray inspection facility, the X-ray inspection algorithm operable to determine a level of certainty that the target item is present in the inspection object, wherein in response to the level of certainty being below a threshold level of certainty, the operator determines whether the inspection object must be manually inspected.

US Pat. No. 10,431,116

ORATOR EFFECTIVENESS THROUGH REAL-TIME FEEDBACK SYSTEM WITH AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF HUMAN BEHAVIORAL AND EMOTIONAL STATES OF ORATOR AND AUDIENCE

International Business Ma...

1. A method for providing real-time feedback to a speaker making a presentation to an audience, the method comprising the steps of:collecting real-time data from the speaker and from members of the audience during the presentation wherein the real-time data collected provides a combination of feedback from the speaker and from the members of the audience, wherein the real-time data is collected via mobile devices worn by the speaker and by the members of the audience, wherein the mobile devices comprise smartwatches worn on a user's wrist comprising a trajectory and pose sensor configured to detect the user's arm and hand movements and a speech detector sensor configured to recognize certain words and speech patterns, wherein the real-time data collected from the speaker further comprises at least i) trajectory and pose data for the speaker including the speaker's arm and hand movements as well as ii) word recognition and speech pattern data including recognition of certain words spoken by the speaker, the speed at which the speaker is speaking, and pauses the speaker makes, which are all collected and analyzed by the smartwatch;
analyzing the real-time data collected from the speaker to make a determination of whether corrective action is needed to improve performance; and
generating a real-time alert to the speaker on the smartwatch worn on the speaker's wrist suggesting the corrective action if the real-time data indicates that corrective action is needed to improve performance, otherwise continuing to collect data from the speaker in real-time, wherein the determination of whether corrective action is needed is based on the combination of feedback from the speaker and from the members of the audience wherein the real-time alert to the speaker is generated when the real-time data collected from the speaker indicates that no corrective action is needed but the real time data collected from the members of the audience indicates that the corrective action is needed to improve performance, and
wherein the speaker is one of multiple co-presenters presenting on different aspects of a particular topic to the audience, the method further comprising the steps of:
collecting the real-time data from each of the co-presenters via smartwatches worn by each of the co-presenters; and
providing the real-time feedback to the speaker on the smartwatch worn on the speaker's wrist regarding the speaker's performance and a performance of each of the co-presenters.

US Pat. No. 10,431,115

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR USING A SMART REFRIGERATOR TO IMPLEMENT ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES ASSOCIATED WITH INTAKE OBJECTIVES

MASTERCARD INTERNATIONAL ...

1. A smart refrigerator comprising:a plurality of walls enclosing a refrigerated section;
a memory;
a user interface; and
a processor in communication with said memory and said user interface, said processor programmed to:
obtain from a user via the user interface a first set of rules that define a nutritional objective as a function of a grocery order and an interval of time for the grocery order;
display, on the user interface, a grocery ordering platform;
obtain, through the grocery ordering platform, user input of the grocery order having a plurality of grocery items;
retrieve, while obtaining the user input of the grocery order, nutritional information associated with the plurality of grocery items;
generate a temporary nutritional profile for the user based on the retrieved nutritional information for all of the plurality of grocery items and an existing nutritional profile representing one or more previous grocery orders within the interval of time;
determine whether the user is likely to meet the nutritional objective by evaluating the temporary nutritional profile against the first set of rules;
identify, based on the determining, at least one candidate grocery item of the plurality of grocery items that reduces the likelihood the user will meet the nutritional objective;
visually highlight, on the grocery ordering platform, the at least one candidate grocery item;
receive, through the grocery ordering platform, user input removing the at least one candidate grocery item from the grocery order;
transmit the grocery order to a grocery merchant;
update the existing nutritional profile for the user based on the transmitted grocery order;
determine the user has met the nutritional objective by evaluating the updated nutritional profile against the first set of rules; and
produce, based on the determining, a user-defined reward to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,431,114

OCEANEERING TEST PLATFORM DEVICE FOR SIMULATING OCEANEERING WORKING CONDITIONS

Zhejiang Ocean University...

1. An oceaneering test platform device for simulating oceaneering working conditions, comprising:a main body;
a plurality of spud legs connected to the main body by a lifting unit;
the lifting unit, comprising a plurality of racks secured to outer walls of the plurality of spud legs, and a plurality of pinions rotationally connected to the main body;
a plurality of base units located correspondingly to the plurality of spud legs;
at least one vertical driving unit to enable vertical movements of at least one of the plurality of spud legs;
wherein each base unit comprises a mounting socket to receive one vertical driving unit and at least a part of a corresponding spud leg;
wherein the vertical driving unit is a hydraulic cylinder;
wherein the mounting socket comprises a guiding sleeve installed vertically inside the mounting socket, a slider is fixedly attached to a bottom of the corresponding spud leg, the slider moves within the guiding sleeve, and another end of the hydraulic cylinder is connected to the slider.

US Pat. No. 10,431,113

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR VERIFYING AND DETERMINING ACCEPTABILITY OF UNVERIFIED SURVEY ITEMS

MotiveMetrics Inc., Camb...

1. A computer implemented method for determining acceptability of an unverified survey item, thereby verifying the survey item for inclusion in a survey presented on an interactive display, the method comprising:outputting, through at least one output device, one or more interactive electronic displays comprising a survey with selectable response choices, the survey comprising:
a verified quantitative item for measuring respondent positions along a continuum for a first trait, the verified quantitative item comprising a prompt and a plurality of quantitative response choices; and
at least one unverified non-quantitative item comprising a psychometric ordinal rank for measuring respondent positions along the continuum for the first trait, the at least one unverified non-quantitative item further comprising a prompt and a plurality of non-quantitative response choices for which there is no inherent a priori natural order relative to the first trait;
receiving from a plurality of users, through at least one input device, a plurality of responses to the verified quantitative item;
receiving from a plurality of users, through at least one input device, a plurality of responses to the at least one unverified non-quantitative item;
measuring, using at least one processor, respondent positions along the continuum for the first trait in the plurality of responses to the verified quantitative item based on quantitative differences in quantitative values;
assessing, using at least one processor, psychometric acceptability of the at least one unverified non-quantitative item based at least in part on the plurality of responses to the at least one unverified non-quantitative item relative to the plurality of responses to the verified quantitative item, wherein the at least one unverified non-quantitative item determined to be at least one acceptable non-quantitative item is thereby verified empirically through data collected from the survey;
converting the psychometric ordinal rank of at least one acceptable non-quantitative item into interval scale values by determining, using at least one processor, an interval scale value for each of the plurality of non-quantitative response choices included in the at least one acceptable non-quantitative item and associated with the corresponding non-quantitative response choices in a database;
generating a statistically cohesive collection of verified items for measuring the degree to which respondents possess a particular trait based on the at least one acceptable non-quantitative item utilizing the interval scale values rather than the psychometric ordinal rank;
generating psychometric interval scales for the at least one acceptable non-quantitative item;
storing, using at least one processor and databases, psychometric interval scales and interval scale values;
generating visualizations of psychometric interval scales wherein displayed non-quantitative response choices correspond to interval scale values that indicate not only an ordinal rank but also a degree of relative difference in comparison to interval scale values of other response choices based on quantitative differences in the interval scale values, wherein differences in value between the interval scale values of the non-quantitative response choices indicate degrees of difference between the non-quantitative response choices and intervals of space on a display are based on the interval scale values; and
presenting, through at least one output device, psychometrically acceptable surveys to users wherein displayed non-quantitative response choices correspond to interval scale values that indicate not only an ordinal rank but also a degree of relative difference in comparison to interval scale values and/or outputting, through at least one output device, one or more interactive electronic displays further displaying the non-quantitative response choices of the at least one acceptable non-quantitative item presented on a psychometric interval scale for further data collection serving as a verified item included in a survey with a further unverified item.

US Pat. No. 10,431,112

COMPUTERIZED SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CATEGORIZING STUDENT RESPONSES AND USING THEM TO UPDATE A STUDENT MODEL DURING LINGUISTIC EDUCATION

Arthur Ward, Pittsburgh,...

1. A linguistic education system for a tutor to provide linguistic instruction to a student, the linguistic education system comprising:a host server system that comprises one or more servers;
a tutor mobile computing device that is remote from and in communication with the host server system via a data network; and
a student mobile computing device,
wherein:
the one or more servers of the host server system:
comprise:
a lexicon database that stores a set of multiple words, wherein each word in the lexicon database is indexed to one or more linguistic concepts;
a sentence database that stores sentences, wherein the sentences use words in the lexicon database;
a student model database that stores a student model for the student, wherein the student model for the student indicates, for each of a plurality of linguistic concepts, a probability that the student knows the linguistic concept;
is programmed to generate a lesson plan for a linguistic lesson for the student, wherein the lesson plan comprises one or more drills for one or more selected linguistic concepts to be covered in the linguistic lesson, wherein the one or more selected linguistic concepts for the linguistic lesson are selected based on a probability that the student knows the one or more selected linguistic concepts based on the student model, wherein the one or more drills comprise prompts, wherein the prompts comprise word prompts and sentence prompts, wherein words for the word prompts and sentences for the sentence prompts are selected for the linguistic lesson from the lexicon database and the sentence database based on the words in the word prompts and words in the sentences in the sentence prompts being indexed to the one or more selected linguistic concepts in the linguistic lesson, such that words and sentences that are unknown to the student, based on the student model for the student, are excluded from the lesson plan;
the tutor mobile computing device:
comprises a touchscreen interface; and
executes a software application that, when executed:
displays a response categorization area on the touchscreen interface of the tutor mobile computing device, wherein the response categorization area comprises:
 a listing of one or more possible responses for a selected prompt that is part of the linguistic lesson plan; and
 for each of the one or more possible responses for the selected prompt, a series of two or more hint level icons that represent varying degrees of hint levels, and wherein the hint level icons are selectable by the tutor, via the touchscreen interface of the tutor mobile computing device, to record the hint level that was needed to be provided by the tutor to elicit a correct response from the student; and
transmits back to the host server system student response data indicative of the hint level icons selected by the tutor for each of the one or more possible responses for each prompt in the lesson plan;
the student mobile computing device that is remote from and in communication with the tutor mobile computing device during the linguistic lesson, and wherein the student mobile computing device comprises a touch screen interface, such that for a portion of the linguistic lesson where the student inputs a response to a prompt from the tutor via the touch screen interface of the student mobile computing device, the student's response is displayed during the linguistic lesson on the touchscreen interface of the tutor mobile computing device, and
the one or more servers of the host server system are further programmed to update the student model for the student based on the student response data received from the tutor mobile computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,111

REMEDIAL HANDWRITING GLOVE

1. A remedial handwriting aid comprising:a glove comprising a front, a back, a palm portion, a pinky sleeve extending from the palm portion, a ring finger sleeve extending from the palm portion, a thumb finger opening, an index finger opening, and a middle finger opening;
a rubberized gripping attached to the front at the palm portion adjacent the thumb finger opening and the index finger opening;
a first connector attached to the front at a distal end of the pinky sleeve;
a second connector attached to the front at a distal end of the ring finger sleeve; and
a third connector attached to the front at the palm portion below the pinky sleeve and the ring finger sleeve, wherein
the first connector and the second connector releasably attach to the third connector.

US Pat. No. 10,431,110

COMPUTERIZED SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ENABLING A REAL-TIME SHARED WORKSPACE FOR COLLABORATION IN EXPLORING STEM SUBJECT MATTER

Fluidity Software, Inc., ...

1. A computerized system enabling teachers and students to collaborate in the solutions of STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) problems, the system comprising:a communications network;
at least one teacher computer operable by a respective teacher;
at least one student computer operable by a respective student, the at least one student computer being operably connected to the at least one teacher computer via the communications network; and
at least one computer-readable storage medium operably connected to the communications network;
wherein each of the at least one teacher computer and the at least one student computer includes an input device and a touch sensitive screen for receiving handwritten math notation input via the input device;
wherein the at least one teacher computer and the at least one student computer are operably connected to the at least one computer-readable storage medium, the at least one computer-readable storage medium containing program instructions transforming each touch sensitive screen of the at least one teacher computer and the at least one student computer operably connected via the communications network into a virtual shared whiteboard defining a common work page upon which handwritten math notation input from each of the at least one teacher computer and the at least one student computer is received and displayed;
wherein the system reads and understands the handwritten math notation input;
wherein the system, when prompted in real-time by at least one of the respective teacher or the respective student, causes the system to spontaneously generate illustrations representing the respective teacher's or the respective student's handwritten math notation input;
wherein the system enables collaboration between the respective teacher and the respective student both inputting handwritten math notation to create a solution to the STEM problem by annotating each other's input including the illustrations spontaneously generated by at least one of the respective teacher or the respective student and displayed on the common work page; and
wherein the handwritten math notation inputs result in a collaborative solution to a STEM problem.

US Pat. No. 10,431,109

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SOMATIZATION IDENTIFICATION AND TREATMENT

Cambia Health Solutions, ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving medical insurance claims data for a plurality of patients at a somatization system server;
at the somatization system server, executing instructions stored in non-transitory memory to run a somatization system algorithm on the medical insurance claims data to compare the received medical insurance claims data to identify somatization patients with physical symptoms that are in excess of demonstrable disease based on a likelihood score generated by the somatization system algorithm, the likelihood score related to a severity of an identified somatization patients' disorder as determined via the comparing the received medical insurance claims data;
via the instructions stored at the somatization system server, providing a specialized symptom support treatment to the identified somatization patients where the specialized symptom support treatment includes one or more of educational programs, episodic support, mental health therapy, and an internet browser plug-in tool with instructions based on the specialized symptom support treatment that include blocking one or more of internet sites and/or internet search terms; and
tracking activity data related to progress of the identified somatization patients receiving the specialized symptom support treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,431,108

COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED TECHNIQUES FOR INTERACTIVELY TRAINING USERS TO PERFORM FOOD QUALITY, FOOD SAFETY, AND WORKPLACE SAFETY TASKS

NSF International, Ann A...

1. A head wearable device for training a user in performing a predetermined task, said head wearable device comprising:a digital display being positionable within a field of view of the user;
a camera being configured to capture visual data from a first-person perspective of the user;
a user input device being configured to provide control signals triggered by input from the user;
a non-transitory computer readable memory; and
a processor in communication with said digital display, camera, user input device and memory and wherein said memory includes instructions, which when executed by said processor, cause the processor to:
instruct the digital display to present a training-style selection program to determine which one of a plurality of training styles is most suitable for training the user to perform the predetermined task;
retrieve task data from the non-transitory computer readable memory, the task data including a series of steps in a predetermined order for directing the user through a process of performing the predetermined task and the task data further including compliance requirements associated with each of the steps;
configure presentation of the steps based on the training style determined by the training-style selection program,
instruct the digital display to visually present one step of the series of steps in accordance with the retrieved task data and the training style determined by the training-style selection program;
analyze the visual data captured by the camera during visual presentation of the one step on the digital display;
automatically recognize from the visual data an action associated with performance of the one step;
evaluate compliance with the one step, wherein evaluating compliance comprises comparing the recognized action to the compliance requirements associated with the one step to determine whether the recognized action satisfies the compliance requirements;
instruct presentation of a step subsequent to the one step in response to determining that the recognized action satisfies compliance requirements associated with the one step;
in response to determining that the recognized action fails to satisfy compliance requirements associated with the one step, further comprising the processor being configured to: prevent presentation of the subsequent step; and provide feedback media to the head wearable device, wherein the feedback media comprises a corrective action suggestion configured to address non-compliance with the one step;
wherein said memory further includes instructions, which when executed by said processor, further cause the processor to:
access, from a database, map data comprising a virtual map of a facility in which said head-wearable device is being utilized for training;
instruct presentation of the virtual map on said digital display;
determine, from the task data, one or more predetermined locations within the facility that are associated with steps for performance of the task;
track a current location of said head-wearable device in the facility; and
instruct presentation of directional media on said digital display for directing the user from the current location to the one or more predetermined locations associated with steps for performance of the task.

US Pat. No. 10,431,107

SMART NECKLACE FOR SOCIAL AWARENESS

1. A device for providing feedback, the device comprising:an imaging device configured to capture an image of a subject;
a feedback device; and
a controller communicatively coupled to the imaging device and the feedback device, the controller comprising at least one processor and at least one memory storing computer readable and executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the controller to:
determine one or more identifying characteristics of the subject;
select, among a plurality of parameters stored in the at least one memory, one or more parameters for determining a facial expression of the subject in the image, the one or more parameters being associated with the one or more identifying characteristics of the subject;
determine the facial expression of the subject in the image based on the one or more parameters; and
provide the feedback with the feedback device based on the determined facial expression
wherein the one or more identifying characteristics includes at least one of a gender, an age, and an ethnicity.

US Pat. No. 10,431,106

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO MEASURE PERFORMANCE

APTIMA, INC., Woburn, MA...

1. A computer based performance measurement system to measure a performance of a user, the system comprising:a user environment configured to detect at least one user input received at at least one user interface and transform the user input to at least one performance data;
the user environment comprises a multi-modal training simulator configured to communicate the performance data to a performance measurement subsystem;
the performance measurement subsystem comprising at least one connector, at least one payload processor, at least one processor, at least one common data model store and at least one model listener;
the connector configured to:
transform each of the at least one performance data into at least one component property of at least one component according to a format of a common data model,
identify a unique key for each of the at least one component, and
communicate the at least one component with the unique key;
the payload processor configured to receive the at least one component and the unique key and distribute the at least one component and the at least one component property to one of the at least one processors according to the unique key;
the common data model store containing at least one existing component property of an existing component stored according to the format of the common data model;
the processor configured to merge the at least one component property of the at least component with the at least one existing component property of the existing component in the common data model store; and
the at least one model listener configured to identify a change to one of the at least one component property or the at least one component whereby the change can be communicated to a measure.

US Pat. No. 10,431,105

ENHANCED AWARENESS OF OBSTACLE PROXIMITY

Honeywell International I...

8. A system comprising:a display; and
a processor configured to receive information indicative of a location of an obstacle, determine the location of the obstacle relative to an aircraft based on the received information, generate a graphical user interface based on the location of the obstacle, the graphical user interface comprising a graphical representation of the aircraft, a graphical representation of the obstacle, and an indication of an area of unknown associated with the obstacle, the indication of the area of unknown comprising a graphical object positioned on an opposite side of the graphical representation of the obstacle from the graphical representation of the aircraft, wherein the area of unknown comprises an area for which the processor is unable to determine the presence or absence of obstacles based on the received information, and present the graphical user interface via the display.

US Pat. No. 10,431,104

AIRCRAFT COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM

Wingguard, LLC, Holland,...

1. An aircraft collision avoidance system, comprising:at least one separation monitoring device connectable to at least a portion of an aircraft, the separation monitoring device comprising:
a housing for containing at least one transmitter, at least one receiver, and an energy source, wherein the energy source is contained within the housing and provides energy to the at least one separation monitoring device;
at least one transmitter capable of selectively transmitting signals which are reflected off of an object and received by at least one receiver, the reflected signals defining a separation distance between the at least one receiver and the object and wherein the at least one transmitter outputs a separation distance signal representative of the separation distance; and
an image sensor, wherein the image sensor is at least partially positioned within the housing; and
a master unit for receiving and analyzing the separation distance signals output by the at least one transmitter and outputting a warning signal to a warning device when the at least one separation monitoring device is within a predetermined distance from the object, and wherein the master unit displays an output signal from the image sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,103

THREE-DIMENSIONAL NETWORK COVERAGE MODELING FOR UAVS

T-Mobile USA, Inc., Bell...

1. A system, comprising:one or more processors; and
memory having instructions stored therein, the instructions, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform acts comprising:
receiving network configuration data for multiple base stations of a wireless communication network that are located in an area;
receiving environmental data that includes information on natural and manmade features in the area;
segregating an airspace above the area into a plurality of vertically layered 3-dimensional sections; and
generating a coverage model based at least on the network configuration data and the environmental data, the coverage model for predicting network coverage of the wireless communication network in the 3-dimensional sections in the airspace above the area.

US Pat. No. 10,431,102

FLIGHT RANGE-RESTRICTING SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A flight range-restricting system that is configured to control a flight range of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), the flight range-restricting system comprising:a database including a UAV capabilities storage area that stores UAV capabilities data indicative of technical specifications of the UAV, and a restricted airspace storage area that stores restricted airspace data indicative of a restricted airspace; and
a range-restricting control unit communicatively coupled to the database, wherein the range-restricting control unit controls the flight range of the UAV based on a current location of the UAV, the UAV capabilities data, and the restricted airspace data,
wherein the range-restricting control unit determines a range circle representative of a range of the UAV, and wherein the range-restricting control unit restricts operation of the UAV when the range circle interferes with the restricted airspace.

US Pat. No. 10,431,101

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CUSTOMIZING A SEARCH AND RESCUE PATTERN FOR AN AIRCRAFT

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

8. A method for customizing a search and rescue (SAR) pattern, the method comprising:obtaining, by a processor, mission information for a SAR mission about a search area;
obtaining, by the processor, weather information, from a weather source, relating to the search area;
obtaining, by the processor, terrain information, from a terrain database, relating to the search area;
obtaining, by the processor, flight traffic information, from a flight traffic source, relating to the search area;
selecting, by the processor, at least one template SAR pattern from a SAR pattern database based on the mission information, the weather information, the terrain information, and the flight traffic information;
adjusting, by the processor, a portion of the template SAR pattern using an aircraft performance parameter to generate an adjusted template SAR pattern;
generating, by the processor, a customized SAR pattern based on the adjusted template SAR pattern;
displaying, by the processor, the customized SAR pattern to at least one of a flight crew, a ground crew, a search team member, or a combination thereof with a display device; and
providing, by the processor, a flight management system (FMS) with the customized SAR pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,431,100

INTERACTIVE AND CUSTOMIZABLE FLIGHT PLANNING TOOL

Aircraft Owners and Pilot...

1. A method of planning a flight, comprising:receiving, from a client device, a first flight information request;
providing, in response to the first flight information request, an interactive user interface for display on the client device having a first graphical representation of flight information, including at least a flight route displayed on a map;
providing, on the first graphical representation, a first selectable feature that, when selected, causes a plurality of selectable overlay options to be displayed on the first graphical interface,
the plurality of overlay options corresponding to additional information related to the flight information, and
the selectable overlay options causing an overlay feature with the additional information to appear on the map of the first graphical representation when selected;
receiving a second request, from the client device, related to the flight information and indicative of a selection of one of the overlay options;
providing, in response to the second request, a modified user interface for display on the client device comprising at least an overlay feature disposed over the map and corresponding to the selected overlay option indicated by the second request;
providing, on the interactive user interface, a second selectable feature that, when selected, causes a plurality of interface options to be displayed on the first graphical representation,
receiving a third request, from the client device, indicative of a selection of one of the interface options; and
providing, in response to the third request, a modified user interface for display on the client device comprising at least an overlay interface disposed over the map and corresponding to the selected interface option indicated by the third request, the overlay interface comprising a plurality of input fields configured to receive flight plan information from the client device for generating a flight plan.

US Pat. No. 10,431,099

COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS AND METHODS

FLIR BELGIUM BVBA, Meer ...

1. A system comprising:a user interface configured to receive user input and provide user feedback with respect to a mobile structure; and
a controller configured to communicate with the user interface, a ranging sensor, and a speed, position, and orientation sensor (SPOS) mounted to the mobile structure, wherein the controller is configured to:
receive a detection of a mobile target from the ranging sensor;
determine a projected course for the mobile target detected by the ranging sensor;
determine at least first and second avoidance areas based, at least in part, on the projected course for the mobile target, one or more dimensions of the mobile target, and a speed, position, and orientation of the mobile structure provided by the SPOS, wherein each of the first and second avoidance areas comprise an avoidance area length comprising an adjustable lead length extending along a direction of motion of the mobile target that is adjustable based, at least in part, on the projected course for the mobile target;
generate image data based, at least in part, on the projected course, the first and second avoidance areas, and the speed, position, and orientation of the mobile structure, wherein the image data indicates at least the first and second avoidance areas; and
render the image data via at least one display of the user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,431,098

VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEM

Capital One Services, LLC...

1. A method of locating a vehicle, comprising:receiving a request, from a user, to locate a vehicle within a facility associated with an organization;
parsing the request to identify one or more characteristics of the vehicle;
identify a sensor corresponding to the vehicle based on the one or more characteristics of the vehicle;
identifying a most recent location of the vehicle based on the last registered position of the vehicle within the facility;
transmitting a signal to a parking spot sensor at the most recent location of the vehicle in the facility, wherein the signal is an instruction to the parking spot sensor to report back a unique identification of a vehicle sensor co-located therewith;
receiving, from the parking spot sensor, the unique identification of the vehicle sensor co-located therewith;
determining that the unique identification of the vehicle sensor co-located with the parking spot sensor matches the sensor of the requested vehicle; and
reporting to the user a current location of the vehicle within the facility based on a location of the parking spot sensor.