US Pat. No. 10,191,480

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF CLOSE-LOOP ANALYSIS TO ELECTRONIC COMPONENT FAULT PROBLEM

FIFTH ELECTRONICS RESEARC...

1. A system for performing close-loop analysis to an electronic component fault problem, comprising:a fault tree of physics of failure establishing module, configured to establish, according to common characteristics of electronic component's physics of failure, a fault tree of physics of failure of the electronic component;
a failure locating fault tree establishing module, configured to convert an event of physics of failure into an observable node event, according to the fault tree of physics of failure, and to convert the fault tree of physics of failure into a failure locating fault tree;
a fault dictionary establishing module, configured to establish, according to the failure locating fault tree, an electronic component fault dictionary with a cause of failure mechanism corresponding to failure characteristics; and
a close-loop analyzing module, configured to perform close-loop analysis to an electronic component fault problem, according to the fault tree of physics of failure and the electronic component fault dictionary;
wherein the fault dictionary establishing module further comprises:
a set of failure modes determining unit, configured to determine, according to the failure locating fault tree, a set of failure modes of the electronic component, the set of failure modes including multiple subsets of failure modes;
an observable node determining unit, configured to determine, according to the failure locating fault tree, an observable node for each failure mode in the subset of failure modes;
a characteristic value obtaining unit, configured to obtain, according to the failure locating fault tree, observable parameters from the observable node, and analyzing the observable parameters to obtain characteristic value of the observable node in a failure mode;
a characteristic vector obtaining unit, configured to determine, according to the characteristic value of the observable node, a characteristic vector of the electronic component in various failure modes;
a failure mechanism determining unit, configured to determine, according to the failure locating fault tree, the cause of failure mechanism of the electronic component; and
a fault dictionary establishing unit, configured to establish, according to the cause of failure mechanism and the characteristic value of the observable node, the electronic component fault dictionary with the cause of failure mechanism corresponding to failure characteristics of a node event.

US Pat. No. 10,191,478

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING INVOLVING REMOTELY LOCATED EXPERT

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A remote expert non-destructive testing system comprising a remote communications hub and a multiplicity of non-destructive testing equipment located at respective testing sites and networked to said remote communications hub by respective communication links, wherein:the remote communications hub comprises a network server, first and second remote work stations, and a local area network that interconnects the network server and the first and second remote work stations; and
the multiplicity of non-destructive testing equipment comprises first non-destructive testing equipment located at a first testing site and second non-destructive testing equipment located at a second testing site, the first and second non-destructive testing equipment being respectively in communication with the first and second remote work stations via the first network server and the local area network,
wherein the first and second non-destructive testing equipment respectively comprise first and second software, and the remote communications hub further comprises a system management server that is connected to the local area network, wherein the system management server is configured to determine when the first and second software need to be upgraded and then send software updates to the first and second non-destructive testing equipment via the local area network and the network server when the first and second software respectively need to be upgraded.

US Pat. No. 10,191,477

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MODIFICATION MANAGEMENT OF A CONFIGURATION SYSTEM

Yokogawa Electric Corpora...

1. A system comprising:a comparator configured to determine if a first modification item in a first instruction file is modified, and to determine if a second modification item in one of the first instruction file and a second instruction file is modified;
a record generator configured to create a first record and to store the first modification item in the first record in response to the first modification item being determined, by the comparator, to be modified, and to create a second record and to store the second modification item in the second record when the second modification item is determined, by the comparator, to be modified, the second record being different from the first record; and
a link generator configured to generate a first link between the first record and the first instruction file, and to generate a second link between the second record and one of the first instruction file and the second instruction file,
wherein the first instruction file is configured to define at least one first modification item for a configuration system, and the second instruction file is configured to define at least one second modification item for the configuration system, and
wherein the comparator, the record generator and the link generator are implemented by circuitry or one or more hardware processors with software components.

US Pat. No. 10,191,475

VIRTUAL COMPONENT ALIGNMENT

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A system for the reworking of a three dimensional component to conform with pre-defined nominal dimensions and tolerances defined by a maximum tolerance and a minimum tolerance for any given region of the component, the system comprising:an optical scanner configured to capture dimensional data of the three dimensional component by measuring dimensions of the three dimensional component;
a CNC machine configured to remove material from the three dimensional component; and
a processor being in data communication with the device, the processor including a memory in which the pre-defined nominal dimensions and tolerances are stored as a nominal CAD model, the processor being configured to:
a) create a virtual digitised model of the three dimensional component based on the measured dimensions of the three dimensional component from the captured dimensional data;
b) align the virtual digitised model with the nominal CAD model based on a component datum system;
c) assess the correspondence of the virtual digitised model with the nominal CAD model;
d) compare one or more regions of the virtual digitised model with the nominal CAD model and identifying regions where the virtual digitised model does not exceed a predetermined tolerance minimum;
e) adjust the alignment of the virtual digitised model with the nominal CAD model to bring regions identified in step d) to a position where the one or more regions meet or exceed the tolerance minimum;
f) compare the one or more regions of the virtual digitised model with the nominal CAD model and identifying defective regions where the virtual digitised model exceeds a predetermined tolerance maximum; and
g) removing material, by the CNC machine, from the defective regions as identified in step f) such that the defective regions in the three dimensional component are corrected to comply with the tolerance maximum and the tolerance minimum.

US Pat. No. 10,191,474

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOCATING CLAMPING POINTS FOR A PART TO BE MANUFACTURED THROUGH COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL (CNC) MACHINING OPERATIONS WITH THE AID OF A DIGITAL COMPUTER

Sandvik Intellectual Prop...

1. A system for locating clamping points for a part to be manufactured through computer numerical control (CNC) machining operations with the aid of a digital computer, comprising:a storage of digital information comprising:
a model of a part to be machined, the model defining the part's surfaces and a constraint volume; and
parameters for a CNC machining tool, the parameters comprising a plurality of orientations at which the tool is able to longitudinally traverse a rotating cutting edge; and
a computer comprising a processor and memory operatively coupled to the storage, comprising:
an identification module that identifies fixturable regions comprising locations on the part's surfaces that cannot be approached by either the CNC tool in motion or a clamp;
an evaluation module that evaluates reachable locations comprising collisions with the CNC tool through ray intersections from locations in the fixturable regions and sweeps of the CNC tool in each approach from the locations, wherein the storage denotes a position and unit inward surface normal at the reachable locations;
a clamp module that specifies that a clamp located at each of the reachable locations exerts a known force along a vector from the unit inward surface normal at the reachable location, wherein the clamp at reachable location i exerts a force fi along ni, where pi and ni comprise vectors that denote the position and unit inward surface normal at the reachable locations indexed by I, such that, in the presence of friction, assuming a Coulomb model and a coefficient of friction ?, a non-slipping tangential force fij along a tangent direction j at location i satisfies the expression:
?fij????fi?
and a net non-slipping force acting at any point contact location is:
wherein limit points of a set of non-slipping tangent forces lie on a circle of radius ??fi? and a set fij+fi of resultant vectors form a cone that is called the Coulomb friction cone;a mapping module that determines a maximum possible non-slipping applied force at each of the reachable locations, and to map the applied force to a wrench at a triangle normal for each of the reachable locations;
a generator module that generates fixturable locations by finding form closure based on those reachable locations on the part's surface that do not result in a ray intersection; and
a programming module that programs the CNC tool with process plans downloaded by the computer and comprising machining operations by the CNC tool with the part fixtured using the fixturable locations, wherein the CNC tool operates per the machining operations in the downloaded process plans by machining off the removal volumes through longitudinal traversals of the rotating cutting edge over the surfaces of the part.

US Pat. No. 10,191,473

JOB PLAN DISPLAY SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A job plan display system comprising:a display; and
a processor programmed to:
display a job plan on the display, the job plan including a plurality of unit jobs that are performed by a plurality of machine tools to manufacture a product;
display a component thumbnail corresponding to at least one unit job for manufacturing the product, the component thumbnail representing image information on the product in a display area of the job plan, the image information of the component thumbnail being based on Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) design data corresponding to characteristics of the manufactured product;
determine whether or not the component thumbnail is required to be updated based on at least one of: (i) an input command by a designer who is changing the CAD design data, (ii) a predetermined update time, (iii) progress information on the CAD design data created, and (iv) a relationship between a changing part of the CAD design data when the CAD design data is changed and viewpoint coordinates when creating the component thumbnail;
in response to determining that the component thumbnail is required to be updated, display the updated component thumbnail in the display area of the job plan; and
in response to determining that the component thumbnail is not required to be updated, the component thumbnail is not changed in the display area of the job plan, whereby an increase in a system load of the job plan display system is suppressed.

US Pat. No. 10,191,471

AUTOMATIC MONITORING OF THE ALIGNMENT AND WEAR OF VIBRATION WELDING EQUIPMENT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of monitoring a status condition of vibration welding equipment, wherein the vibration welding equipment includes a welding horn and a welding anvil, the method comprising:determining, via a host machine, a first time period representing an amount of time elapsed since an evaluation of the status condition of the vibration welding equipment was completed, and a number of welds performed since an evaluation of the status condition of the vibration welding equipment was completed;
comparing, via the host machine, the first time period to a predetermined threshold time period, and the number of welds performed to a predetermined threshold number of welds;
determining, via the host machine, if a threshold condition is met, wherein the threshold condition is met when at least one of the first time period exceeds the predetermined threshold time period and the number of welds exceeds the predetermined threshold number of welds;
commanding, with the host machine, a welding robot to move the welding horn and the welding anvil to a check station when the threshold condition is met;
repositioning the welding horn and welding anvil at the check station, with the welding robot;
measuring, at the check station with at least one displacement sensor disposed on the vibration welding equipment, a first distance between the welding horn and the welding anvil at a first evaluation point, and returning a first signal representing the first distance to the host machine, wherein measuring the first distance at the first evaluation point further includes clamping the welding horn onto a gauge tool at the first evaluation point, such that the first distance is defined as the displacement of the welding horn measured by the at least one displacement sensor when the welding horn is moved from an idle position to a clamped position;
measuring, at the check station with the at least one displacement sensor disposed on the vibration welding equipment, a second distance between the welding horn and the welding anvil at a second evaluation point and returning a second signal representing the second distance to the host machine;
calculating, via the host machine, a difference between the first distance and the second distance, wherein the status condition corresponds to the difference between the first distance measured by the at least one displacement sensor and the second distance measured by the at least one displacement sensor;
evaluating, via the host machine, the calculated difference between the first distance and the second distance by comparing the calculated difference between the first distance and the second distance to a plurality of threshold operating values for the calculated difference between the first distance and the second distance contained in one of a first look-up table and a second look-up table; and
executing a control action with respect to the vibration welding equipment when the difference between the first distance and the second distance exceeds the corresponding threshold operating value contained in one of the first look-up table and the second look-up table.

US Pat. No. 10,191,469

NUMERICAL CONTROL DEVICE FOR SAFETY APPROACH TO RESTARTING MACHINING POINT

FANUC Corporation, Minam...

1. A numerical control device for moving a tool to a restarting machining point when restarting machining after machining interruption based on machining program, the numerical control device comprising:an approach path calculation unit configured to calculate an approach path to the restarting machining point of the tool;
a manual operation approach command unit configured to receive a manual operation approach instruction by an operator; and
an approaching operation switching unit configured to switch automatic operation approach and manual operation approach, wherein approaching operation switching unit is further configured to determine when the tool is within a predetermined approach region for safely moving the tool to the restarting machining point by automatic operation, the predetermined approach region is an area based on both (i) the restarting machining point and (ii) a manual operation starting point, the manual operation starting point being a point when the operator stops the automatic operation approach during the automatic operation approach to conduct manual operation approach,
wherein the approaching operation switching unit is configured to receive switching request from the operator during the manual operation approach and switch to the automatic operation approach, or receive manual intervention by the operator during the automatic operation approach and switch to the manual operation approach.

US Pat. No. 10,191,468

TOOL TRACK DISPLAY DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING TRACK OF TOOL

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A tool track display device which displays a track of a tool of a machine tool wherein a workpiece is machined through reciprocal and relative movement between the tool and the workpiece by at least one drive axle using a numerical control device, comprising;a position information acquisition unit which acquires position information created in the numerical control device at a predetermined control cycle or position information of the at least one drive axle from the position sensor,
a tool coordinate calculation unit which calculates coordinate values of the tool based on the position information of the at least one drive axle and information regarding the mechanical structure of the machine tool,
a display attribute modification unit assigning a display attribute to the position information of the at least one drive axle from the position sensor based on the motion direction of the tool,
a display unit which displays the track of the tool based on the coordinate values of the tool calculated by the tool coordinate calculation unit and the display attribute assigned by the display attribute modification unit;
an inverse position acquisition unit which acquires an inverse position in which the motion direction of the tool is inverted from the numerical control device or an operation program of the machine tool, wherein said display attribute modification unit modifies the display attribute of the tool track in accordance with the inverse position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,467

ELECTRONIC DEVICE, DETERMINATION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. An electronic device, comprising:an acceleration sensor configured to detect acceleration;
a magnetic sensor configured to detect magnetism;
a controller configured to determine a type of a moving state of a user of the electronic device, based on the acceleration detected by the acceleration sensor and the magnetism detected by the magnetic sensor; and
a communication unit configured to perform communication with an external device, wherein
the controller is configured to,
in response to,
a determination (i), based on the acceleration detected by the acceleration sensor, that the moving state of the user is not a moving state by vehicle, and
a determination (ii) that a last determined moving state of the user, which was determined based on the magnetism detected by the magnetic sensor before the determination (i), was a moving state by train,
make a determination (iii), after the determination (ii) and based on a number of steps the user has walked, whether
the user has got off a train, or
the moving state of the user is the moving state by train,
the controller is configured to determine that the type of the moving state is the moving state by train further based on a result of detection as to whether the communication unit performs communication with the external device,
the electronic device is a mobile phone,
the external device is an automatic ticket gate at a train station, and
the communication unit is configured to communicate with the automatic ticket gate by non-contact IC communication.

US Pat. No. 10,191,464

NOTIFICATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING THE OPERATION OF A MODULAR POWER PLANT

NuScale Power, LLC, Corv...

1. A system for managing notifications for a modular power plant that includes one or more power-generation module (PGM) assemblies and one or more common-systems (CS), the system comprising:a transceiver that receives data over a network;
a display device that displays a graphical display;
a memory that stores at least instructions; and
a processor device that executes instructions that perform actions, the actions comprising:
receiving power plant data over the network, wherein the power plant data includes signals generated by one or more sensors included in at least one of the PGM assemblies or one of the CS;
detecting an event based on the power plant data and one or more notification thresholds;
in response to the event, determining a notification type based on the data and the one or more notification thresholds;
providing a notification to a user via the graphical display based on the notification type and the event;
enabling the user to acknowledge the notification;
selecting an icon that is included in the graphical display based on the notification type;
incrementing an unacknowledged events counter associated with the icon;
incrementing a total events counter associated with the icon; and
updating at least one of a behavior or a color of the icon based on the event.

US Pat. No. 10,191,463

MACHINE SYSTEM AND ASSOCIATED METHOD FOR OPTICAL ENDPOINT CONTROL OPTIMIZATION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A machine system optical endpoint control optimization comprising:a machine capable of movement in at least one direction, wherein the machine is configured such that, during a calibration phase, a steerable retroreflective system is mounted upon the machine for movement therewith, the steerable retroreflective system comprising:
a retroreflector for reflecting at least some light incident thereupon; and
a positioner for moving said retroreflector;
a controller configured to control movement of the machine in the at least one direction; and
wherein the machine system is configured to adjust a feedrate of the machine, upon determining that a velocity required for the positioner to move the retroreflector to a desired position exceeds a certain segment feedrate threshold, such that an incident beam of light can maintain constant contact with the retroreflector throughout movement of the machine from a first position to a second position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,462

VEHICLE ELECTRONIC RECEPTIONIST FOR COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT

International Business Ma...

11. A system for communications management in driving vehicles, comprising:one or more computer processors;
one or more computer-readable storage media;
program instructions, stored on the one or more computer-readable storage media, which when implemented by the one or more processors, cause the computer system to perform:
determining driving context of a moving vehicle;
estimating a risk factor related to the operation of the vehicle based on the driving context;
receiving an incoming communication directed to a mobile communication device within the vehicle;
analyzing the incoming communication to determine a communication factor; and
determining an electronic action in response to the incoming communication based on the driving context, the risk factor and the communication factor,
wherein determining the electronic action includes machine learning based on past driver performance correlated with the corresponding driving context, the risk factor and the communication factor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,459

CONTROL DEVICE OF ELECTRICAL APPARATUS AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control device of an electrical apparatus configured to receive power from a facility that receives a supply of power from a system power supply, the facility including an energy management system that manages a power feeding schedule according to a first management function provided for managing the power feeding schedule for feeding power to the electrical apparatus, the control device comprising:an electronic control unit configured to:
communicate with the energy management system;
manage the power feeding schedule according to a second management function provided for managing the power feeding schedule in the control device;
determine whether the electronic control unit or the energy management system of the facility will manage the power feeding schedule by comparing the first management function of the energy management system and the second management function of the control device; and
cause the electrical apparatus to receive the power from the facility as managed by the determined one of the electronic control unit and the energy management system of the facility so as to avoid interference between the first and second management functions;
wherein, upon a user participating in an incentive system that implements an incentive-based demand response:
(i) the energy management system of the facility manages the power feeding schedule upon the first management function supporting the incentive-based demand response and the second management function not supporting the incentive-based demand response;
(ii) the electronic control unit manages the power feeding schedule upon the first management function not supporting the incentive-based demand response and the second management function supporting the incentive-based demand response; and
(iii) either the electronic control unit or the energy management system of the facility manages the power feeding schedule, based on whether the first management function and the second management function support rate-based demand response and upon either (a) both of the first management function and the second management function support the incentive-based demand response, or (b) neither one of the first management function and the second management function support the incentive-based demand response.

US Pat. No. 10,191,457

AUTOMATIC PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE CONFIGURATION

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. At a network-side device configuration service, a method for automatically configuring a portable electronic device, the method comprising:receiving input information identifying a portable electronic device;
generating a computer-readable authorization code based at least on the input information identifying the portable electronic device, the computer-readable authorization code encoded with computer-readable data capable of being electronically stored in the portable electronic device, the computer-readable authorization code comprising a computer-readable visual symbol;
transmitting the computer-readable authorization code from the network-side device configuration service to a device other than the portable electronic device;
receiving a response message from the portable electronic device subsequent to the portable electronic device reproducing the computer-readable authorization code from the other device, the response message at least being based upon the computer-readable data encoded within the computer-readable authorization code; and
based at least on the response message received, transmitting an authorization from the network-side device configuration service to the portable electronic device authorizing the portable electronic device to use configuration parameters to automatically configure itself for operation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,456

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SOFTWARE DEFINED METALLURGY

Desktop Metal, Inc., Bur...

1. A system for generating a user-adjustable thermal processing parameter profile for use by a furnace, comprising:a user interface configured to receive one or more materials properties provided by a user;
a processor;
a memory with computer code instructions stored thereon, the memory operatively coupled to the processor such that, when executed by the processor, the computer code instructions cause the system to implement:
communicating with the furnace to ascertain one or more thermal processes associated with the furnace;
identifying one or more part characteristics associated with a part to be processed by the furnace; and
determining a thermal processing parameter profile of at least one thermal processing parameter corresponding to each of the one or more thermal processes, based on (i) the one or more part characteristics and (ii) the one or more materials properties, the thermal processing parameter profile characterizing a cycle of the each of the one or more thermal processes; a binder trap configured to store binder hydrocarbon products; and a valve that controls a path from the binder trap to the furnace, such that through the valve, the binder hydrocarbon products are selectively introduced to the furnace to control a carbon potential of the furnace environment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,455

WATCH TYPE TERMINAL

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

16. A method of controlling a watch-type terminal comprising a first sensor and a second sensor, the method comprising:performing a wireless communication function that comprises an antenna unit providing a radio signal to an electrode;
displaying a window for identifying presence of a mark on a user's wrist; selecting the first sensor or the second sensor based on a control command from the user entered via the displayed window; and
determining whether the user wears the terminal by using the determined first sensor or second sensor by:
sensing a capacitance change generated by the user's wrist; and sensing light reflected by the user's wrist.

US Pat. No. 10,191,453

TIME TO DIGITAL CONVERTER AND PHASE LOCKED LOOP

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

15. A proximity radar comprising:a frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar element; and
a phase locked loop, the phase locked loop comprising:
a digital loop filter;
a digitally controlled oscillator;
a time to digital converter, the digital loop filter coupled to the digitally controlled oscillator, a phase locked loop output of the phase-locked loop coupled to the time to digital converter to provide an input signal, wherein the time to digital converter determines a timing difference between a reference clock and the input signal based on the phase locked loop output, and the digital loop filter provides a control input to the digitally controlled oscillator based on a time to digital converter output of the time to digital converter;
a frequency divider that receives the output of the phase locked loop and outputs the input signal to the time to digital converter;
a frequency control block that controls the operation of the frequency divider, wherein the frequency control block comprises a sigma-delta modulator for fractional-n frequency control; and
a quantisation noise cancelling filter, configured to receive a signal based on the output of the time to digital converter and to reduce quantisation noise arising from quantisation in the frequency control block, the time to digital converter comprising:
a synchronisation block comprising a reference oscillating signal input configured to receive a reference oscillating signal and an input oscillating signal input to receive an input oscillating signal, the synchronisation block configured to output a voltage pulse with duration based on a time difference between the reference oscillating signal and the input oscillating signal; a charge pump arranged to receive the voltage pulse and to convert the voltage pulse into a current pulse;
an integrator comprising an integrator capacitor, the integrator being configured to receive the current pulse and integrate the current pulse as a charge on the integrator capacitor, resulting in an integrator output voltage; and
a successive approximation register of N bits from a most significant bit (MSB) to a least significant bit (LSB), the successive approximation register configured to determine the integrator output voltage with respect to a reference voltage by adjusting the charge on the integrator capacitor so as to reduce the integrator output voltage to within an amount representing the least significant bit (LSB) of the reference voltage by successive approximation, and configured to output the determined integrator output voltage as a digital signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,451

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A LIGHT GUIDE HAIRSPRING FOR A TIMEPIECE MOVEMENT

1. A method of manufacturing a hairspring of a timepiece movement, comprising:producing a malleable elongated element under a fiber or ribbon form, from a first heated material capable of guiding light,
conforming said malleable elongated element into a spiral form, and
handling processing said spiral form thus created to obtain a hairspring for providing both a mechanical oscillating function in a balance wheel and a light guiding function arranged for in situ adjusting of a mechanical performance of said hairspring,
wherein the conforming comprises coiling the malleable elongated element around a rotating mobile conformation tool, and receiving said malleable elongated element in a guiding channel within a guiding mechanism and guiding said received malleable elongated element via mobile equipment turning on an inner periphery of the guiding mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,191,450

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING BINARY HOLOGRAM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of generating a binary hologram, the method comprising:receiving data information used to construct a target object in a three-dimensional (3D) shape to be reproduced as a hologram;
generating a silhouette mask of the target object based on the data information;
generating a hologram having a complex value or a real number value in association with the target object based on the data information; and
binarizing the hologram by:
performing a first quantization process of allocating 0 or 1 to each pixel that constitutes a plane of the hologram;
applying the silhouette mask to the hologram quantized to 0 or 1; and
performing a second quantization process based on a distance between the silhouette mask applied to the quantized hologram and each pixel of the plane that is outside the silhouette mask, and
displaying the hologram on a spatial light modulator (SLM).

US Pat. No. 10,191,448

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH VENTILATION GUIDES FOR EXHAUSTING AIR AND METHOD ASSOCIATED WITH THE SAME

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a fixing portion;
a first exterior member disposed above the fixing portion, the first exterior member comprises a first opening portion opened to an outside of the image forming apparatus, the first exterior member is disposed above the fixing portion, the first opening portion takes in air from outside of the image forming apparatus;
a first ventilation guide disposed between the fixing portion and the first exterior member, the first ventilation guide forms a first space communicating with the first opening portion, wherein the first space is between the first exterior member and the first ventilation guide, wherein the first space is positioned along an inner surface of the first exterior member;
a second ventilation guide disposed between the fixing portion and the first ventilation guide, the second ventilation guide comprises a second opening portion positioned closer to the fixing portion than a position of the first space, the second ventilation guide forms a second space communicating with the second opening portion, wherein the second space is between the first ventilation guide and the second ventilation guide, the second space is separate from the first space; and
a blower that exhausts air to the outside of the image forming apparatus from inside the first space and the second space.

US Pat. No. 10,191,447

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CONTROL PART THAT CORRECTS POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE BASED ON TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a development part that includes
a developer carrier to which a development voltage (V1) is applied and
a supply member to which a supply voltage (V2) is applied, the supply member supplying toner on a surface of the developer carrier;
a temperature detection part that detects an apparatus inner temperature that is measured inside or near the developer carrier; and
a control part that corrects a potential difference (?V) between the development voltage and the supply voltage based on a temperature difference (?T), wherein
the potential difference is an absolute value determined by:
?V=|(the development voltage)?(the supply voltage)|
the temperature difference is determined by:
?T=(the apparatus inner temperature)?(a glass transition starting temperature),
the glass transition starting temperature is defined as a temperature corresponding to an intersection between a base line and a glass transition start judgment tangent line, which are specified based on a differential curve of a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curve of the toner measured using a DSC method, herein
the horizontal axis of the DSC curve: temperature (° C.),
the vertical axis of the DSC curve: calorific differential value (?W/° C.),
the base line is a line along an initial section of the DSC curve in which the calorific differential value is approximately constant with respect to the calorific differential value,
the glass transition start judgment tangent line is a tangent line which is in contact with the differential curve at an intersection between the differential curve and a glass transition start judgment line that is a line of which the calorific differential values are 1.5 times greater than those of the base line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,446

PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER CARTRIDGE AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A cartridge usable with a developing unit, the developing unit including a developing roller configured to carry toner, an accommodating portion configured to accommodate the toner, an agitator configured to stir the toner in the accommodating portion, and an opening provided in a side surface of the accommodating portion crossing with a rotational axis of the agitator and sealed by a sealing member, the cartridge comprising:a frame;
a photosensitive drum rotatably supported by the frame;
a mounting portion to which the developing unit is detachably mountable; and
a lever provided at an end portion of the frame with respect to a rotational axis direction of the photosensitive drum, the lever being rotatable between a first position and a second position,
wherein, when the developing unit is mounted and set in the mounting portion, the lever in the first position permits the developing unit to be retained in a mounted position in which the developing roller contacts the photosensitive drum,
wherein, when the lever is rotated from the first position to the second position in a state that the developing unit is in the mounted position, the lever urges the developing unit to move the developing unit relative to the frame, and
wherein in the first position at least a part of the lever overlaps with the opening in a case where the part of the lever is projected to the side surface in a direction along the rotational axis of the photosensitive drum in the state that the developing unit is in the mounted position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,445

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a movable unit including a regulating portion for regulating a position of a developing unit for supporting a developer carrying member and movable between a contact position for permitting contact of said developer carrying member with an image bearing member and a spaced position for permitting spacing of said developer carrying member from said image bearing member;
a driving member for moving said movable unit from the contact position to the spaced position, said driving member being displaceable between a contact phase for permitting location of said movable unit at the contact position and a spaced phase for maintaining said movable unit at the spaced position;
an openable member for opening and closing an opening provided for demounting said developer carrying member and/or said image bearing member from a main assembly of said image forming apparatus; and
a pressing member for pressing and moving said movable unit by being moved in interrelation with an opening operation of said openable member,
wherein when said driving member is displaced from the contact phase to the spaced phase, said movable unit is moved by a first movement amount from the contact position to a first spaced position, and
wherein when said openable member is opened, said pressing member presses and moves said movable unit to a second spaced position from the contact position by the first movement amount and a second movement amount smaller than the first movement amount.

US Pat. No. 10,191,444

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WHICH INCLUDES A DETACHABLE CARTRIDGE CONFIGURED TO AVOID A COLLISION BETWEEN AN EXPOSING MEMBER AND THE CARTRIDGE WHEN MOUNTING THE CARTRIDGE TO A SUPPORTING MEMBER OF THE IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:at least one cartridge including an image bearing member and a frame, the frame having at least two protruding portions protruding from an end of the frame; and
a supporting member for supporting the at least one cartridge configured to move between an inside position situated inside a main unit of the image forming apparatus and an outside position situated outside of the main unit, the supporting member comprising:
a mounting portion to which the at least one cartridge is mountable along a direction orthogonal to an axial direction of the image bearing member;
a pair of opposing and parallel-oriented vertical sidewalls connected to opposing sides of the mounting portion;
at least one image exposing member, positioned between and orthogonal to the pair of opposing vertical sidewalls, configured to form a latent image on the image bearing member by emitting light from a light emitting surface toward the image bearing member, the at least one image exposing member protruding from a bottom of the supporting member and being inserted from an opening into the cartridge when the cartridge is mounted to the mounting portion;
at least two guide portions, each formed as a groove provided on each of the vertical sidewalls so that an open-side of the groove faces inward into the supporting member, configured to engage the at least two protruding portions to guide the at least one cartridge to move toward the mounting portion; and
at least one regulating portion, formed in an upper edge of each of the vertical sidewalls, configured to regulate a rotation position of the cartridge when the at least two protruding portions are at a position in contact with the at least one regulating portion and not engaged with the at least two guide portions, the rotation having rotation axis which is parallel to the axial direction,
wherein a gap is formed between (i) a part of a bottom surface of the frame which is opposed to the light emitting surface and (ii) the light emitting surface when the rotation position of the cartridge is regulated by the at least one regulating portion being in contact with the at least two protruding portions and is not engaged with the at least two guide portions in a state in which the opening is opposed to a plane perpendicular to protruding direction of the at least one image exposing member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,442

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit including:
a toner image forming unit that forms a toner image; and
a toner storing portion including a first supply toner storing portion that stores a first supply toner, a waste toner storing portion that stores a waste toner, and a movable partition that separates the first supply toner storing portion and the waste toner storing portion; and
a toner cartridge that is removably attached to the image forming unit and includes a second supply toner storing portion that stores a second supply toner having the same color as the first supply toner,
wherein the image forming unit further includes:
a first supply portion for supplying the first supply toner stored in the first supply toner storing portion to the toner image forming unit;
a second supply portion for supplying the second supply toner stored in the second supply toner storing portion to the toner image forming unit; and
a first conveying member that conveys the first supply toner supplied through the first supply portion and the second supply toner supplied through the second supply portion, to the toner image forming unit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,441

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a bottle attaching portion which is supported to be movable in an up-down direction and to which a bottle configured to store powdery developer is removably attached in a state where a longitudinal direction of the bottle is horizontally oriented;
a driving mechanism configured to rotate the bottle attached to the bottle attaching portion by engaging with a first end of the bottle in the longitudinal direction;
a cover member supported in such a way as to be able to open and close an opening of a body of the image forming apparatus from which the bottle is inserted, the cover member being positioned facing a second end of the bottle in the longitudinal direction attached to the bottle attaching portion;
an elastic member configured to apply an upward elastic force to the bottle attaching portion;
a level sensor configured to detect a position of the bottle attaching portion in the up-down direction; and
a signal processing device configured to execute an abnormality notifying process when a detection signal of the level sensor during operation of the driving mechanism satisfies an abnormality condition that includes either or both of a predetermined amplitude condition and a cycle condition for a rotation cycle of the bottle, wherein
the signal processing device is configured to execute a full-state notifying process when the detection signal during operation of the driving mechanism fails to satisfy the abnormality condition, and a position indicated by the detection signal is lower than a predetermined reference position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,440

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, CONTROL METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first controller including:
a first processor configured to, based on print target image data, obtain information indicating toner amount supplied to a photoconductor by a developer unit to form an image,
wherein an image forming area along a scanning direction of a laser that exposes the photoconductor is divided into a plurality of regions, and the obtained information includes at least information indicating toner amount on one of the plurality of regions; and
a second controller including:
a generation unit configured to, based on the information obtained by the first processor, generate patch data for cleaning the photoconductor, and
a second processor configured to control the developer unit to execute image formation, and to execute image formation based on the patch data generated by the generation unit,
wherein the information indicating toner amount on a part of the plurality of regions is transmitted from the first controller to the second controller.

US Pat. No. 10,191,439

CLEANING BLADE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A cleaning blade comprising:a support; and
an elastic member with a flat shape including a secured end secured to the support and a free end having a ridgeline to contact a cleaning target to remove substance adhering to a surface of the cleaning target,
the elastic member including:
a base having an opposite face disposed to oppose a downstream side of the cleaning target downstream from a contact portion of the elastic member with the cleaning target in a direction of movement of the cleaning target; and
a surface layer made of a cured product of a curable composition,
the surface layer disposed on at least a part of the opposite face of the base,
the surface layer including an inclined face inclined such that a thickness of the surface layer progressively decreases toward the secured end along a cross section perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the surface layer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,438

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member for bearing a developer image;
an optical sensor including a light emitting portion for emitting light to a surface of said image bearing member, a light receiving portion for receiving the light reflected by the surface of said image bearing member, and a cover member, having a light-transmissive property, for covering said light emitting portion or said light receiving portion;
a cleaning member for cleaning said cover member in contact with said cover member, said cleaning member being movable; and
a supporting member for supporting said optical sensor, said supporting member being movable between a proximity position, where said optical sensor opposes said image bearing member with a predetermined distance, and a spaced position, where said optical sensor is spaced from said image bearing member by a distance more than the predetermined distance to form a cleaning space for permitting said cleaning member to move thereinto for cleaning of said cover member with said cleaning member between said optical sensor and said image bearing member,
wherein, when said supporting member is in the proximity position, said cleaning member is in a retracted position and, in the retracted position said cleaning member (i) is retracted from an opposing space between said optical sensor and said image bearing member and (ii) is in a space of a gap between said image bearing member and said supporting member, and
wherein, when said supporting member is in the spaced position, said cleaning member moves toward a cleaning position from the retracted position for cleaning said cover member with said cleaning member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,437

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, METHOD OF CONTROLLING IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM FOR METHOD OF CONTROLLING IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a cylindrical intermediate transfer belt;
a photosensitive drum which is in contact with an outer circumference surface of the intermediate transfer belt;
a primary transfer member sandwiching the intermediate transfer belt between the primary transfer member and the photosensitive drum;
a secondary transfer member which is in contact with the outer circumference surface of the intermediate transfer belt;
a first backup member sandwiching the intermediate transfer belt between the first backup member and the secondary transfer member;
a first power supply electrically connected to the primary transfer member and to the secondary transfer member; and
a first resistor electrically connected to the first power supply and to the primary transfer member,
wherein a first current route, in which the first resistor, the primary transfer member, and the photosensitive drum are connected in series in that order, is connected to the first power supply and to a basis potential,
a second current route, in which the secondary transfer member and the first backup member are connected in series, is connected to the first power supply and to the basis potential, and
the first current route is connected in parallel to the second current route.

US Pat. No. 10,191,436

PHOTOSENSITIVE DRUM UNIT, ASSEMBLING METHOD THEREFOR, AND DISASSEMBLING METHOD THEREFOR

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A photosensitive drum unit comprising:a photosensitive drum having a cylinder provided with a photosensitive portion at a peripheral surface thereof;
a rotational force receiving member for receiving a rotational force for rotating the photosensitive drum, the rotational force receiving member including a rotational force receiving portion for receiving the rotational force at one end portion side thereof and a portion-to-be-engaged at another end portion side thereof;
a spherical member including a spherical portion, a projected portion projected from the spherical portion, and an engaging portion for engaging with the portion-to-be-engaged;
a drum flange provided at one end portion of the cylinder and accommodating the spherical member, the drum flange including (i) a hole portion capable of accommodating the spherical portion and having an opening that opens outwardly in the longitudinal direction of the cylinder, (ii) a groove portion that continues from the hole portion and is capable of accommodating the projected portion for receiving the rotational force from the projected portion, and (iii) a limiting portion for limiting inward movement of the spherical portion in the longitudinal direction of the cylinder; and
a closing member capable of partially covering the opening of the hole portion and capable of being mounted to the drum flange to limit outward movement of the spherical portion in the longitudinal direction of the cylinder,
wherein one of the engaging portion and the portion-to-be-engaged includes a male screw portion and the other of the engaging portion and the portion-to-be-engaged includes a female screw portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,435

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM AND CONTROL PROGRAMS FOR EXECUTING IMAGE FORMATION AND IDENTIFYING ERRORS

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image formation part that forms an image on a paper sheet;
a conveyor that includes a plurality of conveying members and conveys the paper sheet;an input unit receiving user indication of a smudge location on a paper sheet on which an image has been formed by the image formation part; anda hardware processor that acquires information on a smudge from the input unit pertaining to the user indication of the smudge location on the paper sheet on which an image has been formed by the image formation part, and identifies, from the plurality of conveying members, one or more dirty conveying members that may have caused the smudge based on at least one of the information on the smudge, information on the conveying members, and information on a job for image formation executed by the image formation part.

US Pat. No. 10,191,433

SHEET FEEDING TIMING METHOD OF IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS BASED ON SHEET SIZE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a sheet holder configured to hold one or more sheets;
an image forming unit configured to perform image formation on the one or more sheets fed from the sheet holder;
a sheet feeder configured to feed the one or more sheets held in the sheet holder in a sheet conveyance direction toward the image forming unit;
a re-conveyance unit configured to re-convey, toward the image forming unit, the one or more sheets having passed through the image forming unit;
a first sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet fed by the sheet feeder;
a second sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit, the second sensor being located upstream of the first sensor;
a third sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet fed by the sheet feeder, the third sensor being located upstream of the second sensor; and
a controller configured to:
begin to feed a preceding sheet by the sheet feeder;
acquire a passing time period during which the preceding sheet being fed by the sheet feeder is passing through the first sensor, based on the signal from the first sensor;
begin to re-convey the preceding sheet by the re-conveyance unit;
begin to feed a subsequent sheet in response to the leading end of the preceding sheet being detected by the second sensor;
stop feeding the subsequent sheet at a predetermined position downstream of the sheet holder in the sheet conveyance direction in response to the leading end of the subsequent sheet being detected by the third sensor, the third sensor being located at the predetermined position;
in response to feeding of the subsequent sheet being stopped at the predetermined position after the preceding sheet has begun to be re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit, calculate, based on the acquired passing time period during which the preceding sheet was passing through the first sensor, an adjustment time period between a point of time when a leading end of the preceding sheet re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit is detected based on the signal from the second sensor and a point of time when the subsequent sheet is to resume being fed from the predetermined position toward the image forming unit, by the sheet feeder, the adjustment time period being determined to be shorter as the acquired passing time period is shorter; and
control the sheet feeder to feed the subsequent sheet from the predetermined position toward the image forming unit with timing adjusted based on the calculated adjustment time period.

US Pat. No. 10,191,432

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD INCLUDING PRE-FEEDING OF A RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming method in an image forming apparatus including a door, a storage unit for storing a recording medium and a registration sensor for detecting the recording medium, the method comprising:conveying the recording medium from the storage unit toward the registration sensor;
performing, based on a print instruction, an image formation for forming an image to be transferred onto the recording medium conveyed from the storage unit;
detecting, before the print instruction occurs, whether the door is in a closed state or an open state;
conveying, before the print instruction occurs, the recording medium by a distance from the storage unit in response to detecting that the door is in the closed state after detecting that the door is in an opened state; and
stopping, before the print instruction occurs, the recording medium at the distance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,430

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image by using a developer;
a mounting unit to which a container is mounted, wherein the container is configured to contain a developer, and
wherein the container supplies the developer to the image forming unit;
a cover configured to be opened to replace the container mounted to the mounting unit, and to be closed to cover the container mounted to the mounting unit;
a detector configured to detect the container mounted to the mounting unit,
the detector being capable of detecting the container mounted to the mounting unit in a state where the cover is closed or in a state where the cover is opened;
a controller configured to determine whether a remaining amount of the developer contained in the container mounted to the mounting unit is more than a predetermined amount; and
a display unit configured to:
display, in a case where the container in which the remaining amount of developer is more than the predetermined amount is removed from the mounting unit, a first screen to prompt re-mounting of the removed container,
display a second screen different from the first screen in a case where the cover is closed without detecting the container by the detector after the first screen is displayed, and
display a third screen different from the second screen after the second screen is displayed in a case where the container is not mounted to the mounting unit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,429

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A DRUM CARTRIDGE HAVING A DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main casing comprising:
a driving source;
a first sheet passage sensor for detecting a sheet; and
a detecting sensor;
a drum cartridge detachably mounted on the main casing, the drum cartridge comprising:
a photosensitive drum being rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction;
a first detection gear being rotatable by receiving driving force from the driving source; and
a first detection protrusion being rotatable together with the first detection gear, the first detection protrusion being arranged to contact the first sheet passage sensor; and
a developing cartridge detachably mounted on the drum cartridge, the developing cartridge comprising:
a developing roller;
a second detection gear being rotatable by receiving driving force from the driving source; and
a second detection protrusion being rotatable together with the second detection gear, the second detection protrusion being arranged to contact the detecting sensor,
wherein the drum cartridge further comprises a transmission gear configured to transmit driving force from the driving source to the first detection gear and to engage the first detection gear;
wherein the transmission gear is rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction; and
wherein the first detection gear is rotatable about a third axis extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,428

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS PERFORMING MISREGISTRATION CORRECTION CONTROL BASED ON DETECTION RESULTS OF DETECTION PATTERN

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a forming unit configured to form a detection pattern on a rotationally drivable image carrier, the forming unit including a photosensitive member;
a detection unit configured to detect the detection pattern; and
a control unit configured to perform misregistration correction control based on a detection result of the detection pattern by the detection unit,
wherein the detection pattern includes a plurality of basic patterns arranged at a first interval in a sub scanning direction, which is a rotation direction of the image carrier,
each of the plurality of basic patterns includes N image groups (N being an integer of at least 3) arranged at a second interval in the sub scanning direction,
in the N image groups, a first image group including an image at a first angle relative to the sub scanning direction, and a second image group including an image at a second angle different from the first angle relative to the sub scanning direction, are arranged alternately in the sub scanning direction,
the first interval corresponds to a distance that a surface of the image carrier moves in a period of M (M being an integer of at least 2) times a first period corresponding to a rotation period of a rotational member included in the forming unit,
the second interval corresponds to a distance that the surface of the image carrier moves in a period of 1/(N?1) of the first period,
the forming unit is further configured to form a toner image on the photosensitive member, and transfer the toner image from the photosensitive member to the image carrier, thereby forming the detection pattern on the image carrier, and
the rotational member is the photosensitive member or a motor configured to drive the photosensitive member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,427

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING CONTROL METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a high-voltage power supply to supply high-voltage electric power for charging;
a charging device to be charged by the electric power supplied from the high-voltage power supply;
a photoconductor to carry an image to be formed on a recording medium, with the electric power supplied from the charging device;
a temperature sensor disposed at a distance from the photoconductor to detect temperature inside the image forming apparatus;
a humidity sensor disposed at a distance from the photoconductor to detect humidity inside the image forming apparatus; and
circuitry to output a signal for commanding an electric power value to the high-voltage power supply to cause the high-voltage power supply to supply the electric power with the electric power value, and control supply of the electric power based on an electric power value feedback signal from the high-voltage power supply,
the circuitry being configured to
obtain a temperature difference between the detected temperature and an estimated temperature,
obtain a humidity difference between the detected humidity and an estimated humidity,
obtain at least one of a time required for the temperature difference to become equal to or less than a predetermined value, and one of a time required for the humidity difference to become equal to or less than a predetermined value, as a waiting time,
store the waiting time in a memory in a table format and a table of the table format includes a plurality of warning times, and
detect film thickness on a surface of the photoconductor after a target waiting time elapses.

US Pat. No. 10,191,425

DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming device including at least one of a scanner and a printer, comprising:a memory storing:
level information that includes a plurality of energy saving levels according to energy consumption of the image forming device and a plurality of combinations of hardware resources that are supply targets for the plurality of energy saving levels among a plurality of hardware resources including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device, each of the plurality of energy saving levels being associated with one of the plurality of combinations of hardware resources in the level information, and
usage status information indicating whether hardware resource including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device is used, and
a processor configured to perform a method including the steps of:
first receiving, from an external device, a usage notification that one of the plurality of hardware resources including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device is used;
storing, in the memory, the usage status information of hardware resource including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device, that is indicated by the usage notification in response to receiving the usage notification;
second receiving, from the external device, an instruction for the image forming device to transition to an energy saving state;
selecting an energy saving level for the image forming device from the plurality of energy saving levels based on the usage status information and the level information that are stored in the memory in response to the second receiving, and
controlling a power supply of the plurality of hardware resources of the device including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device based on a combination of the hardware resources corresponding to a selected energy saving level.

US Pat. No. 10,191,423

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A FIXING DEVICE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first roller;
a second roller including an elastic layer as an outer circumferential layer;
a fixing belt stretched taut across at least the first roller and the second roller;
a pressure rotator to press against the second roller via the fixing belt to form a fixing nip between the pressure rotator and the fixing belt, the fixing nip through which a recording medium bearing a toner image is conveyed;
a clearance detector to detect a clearance between the first roller and the second roller;
a mover to move the pressure rotator with respect to the second roller in a pressing direction in which the pressure rotator presses against the second roller via the fixing belt and a separation direction in which the pressure rotator separates from the second roller; and
a controller to control an amount of movement of the pressure rotator moved by the mover toward the second roller based on the clearance detected by the clearance detector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,422

HEATER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A heater, comprising:an insulator substrate;
a first member configured to generate heat on an upper surface of the insulator substrate across a first direction, wherein the first member has a first end opposite a second end;
a plurality of electrodes formed on both the first end and the second end of the first member, respectively, wherein each electrode is disposed in a direction perpendicular to the first direction; and
a second member configured to store heat, wherein the second member comprises a latent heat material having latent heat in a target temperature zone, and wherein the latent heat material is fixed to a side surface or a bottom surface of the insulator substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,421

FUSER AND IMAGE APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A fuser comprising:an endless belt;
a base member disposed inside a space surrounded by the endless belt;
a sheet member including:
a first section pinched between an inner surface of the endless belt and the base member;
a second section extending from an end of the first section; and
a third section extending from another end of the first section; and
a stationary member configured to pinch the second section and the third section of the sheet member with the base member, the stationary member having a claw configured to stick in the second section and the third section of the sheet member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,420

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a first rotating body configured to be formed in a cylindrical shape and heat media on which toner images are formed at a heating temperature while rotating;
a second rotating body configured to be formed in a cylindrical shape and sandwich the media in cooperation with the first rotating body while rotating and configured to press the media in cooperation with the first rotating body;
a first heat supplying part configured to supply the first rotating body with heat with which the first rotating body heats the media;
a charging part configured to be positioned opposite to the first rotating body, charge the first rotating body, include a discharging electrode and an auxiliary electrode to form an electric field in cooperation with the discharging electrode, cause the discharging electrode to discharge in a state where the electric field is formed, and charge the first rotating body with a same polarity as polarity of toner;
a second heat supplying part configured to supply the discharging electrode with heat that enables a temperature of the discharging electrode to be higher than the heating temperature; and
a controller configured to control the second heat supplying part in a period in a non-fixing operation and execute heat supplying mode in which heat that allows the temperature of the discharging electrode to be higher than the heating temperature is supplied to the discharging electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,419

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS TO CONVEY RECORDING MATERIAL HAVING AN IMAGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image on a recording material;
a fixing unit configured to fix the image formed by the image forming unit on the recording material at a nip portion;
a conveyance path configured to convey a recording material on which the image has been fixed by the fixing unit,
wherein the image forming apparatus is configured such that a recording material, whose length in a conveyance direction is equal to or longer than a threshold length, is able to be conveyed in the conveyance path, and a recording material, whose length in the conveyance direction is shorter than the threshold length, is not able to be conveyed in the conveyance path; and
a control unit configured to perform control,
wherein, in a case where it is detected that a length of a predetermined recording material is shorter than the threshold lenght while the predetermined recording material is being conveyed toward the conveyance path, the control unit performs control to stop conveyance of the predetermined recording material in a state where the predetermined recording material is nipped at the nip portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,417

FIXING DEVICE HAVING A COVER MEMBER THAT COVERS A FIXATION ROLLER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A fixing apparatus comprising:a first rotatable member configured to heat, in a fixing nip, an unfixed toner image formed on a sheet with toner comprising a parting material;
a second rotatable member cooperative with said first rotatable member to form said fixing nip;
a cleaner configured to clean said first rotatable member; and
a covering member configured to cover said first rotatable member over a range from said cleaner to an entrance of said fixing nip along a rotational direction of said first rotatable member with a gap D of not less than 0.5 mm and not more than 3.5 mm, said covering member being provided with a projection extending toward said first rotatable member at one end portion of said covering member with respect to the rotational direction of said first rotatable member, and said projection extending along a longitudinal direction of said first rotatable member,
wherein the gap D (mm) between said covering member and said first rotatable member and a peripheral speed V of said first rotatable member (mm/s) satisfy
0.5?D?0.0059×V+0.72.

US Pat. No. 10,191,415

TRANSFER ROTATOR AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS COMPRISING THE SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:at least one developing device to develop an electrostatic latent image to form a toner image;
an image bearer to bear the toner image formed by the at least one developing device;
a transfer rotator to transfer the toner image onto a recording medium at a transfer nip that is formed between the image bearer and the transfer rotator;
a blade contacting a surface of the transfer rotator; and
a controller to control the at least one developing device, the image bearer, and the transfer rotator to:
form a first toner pattern image on the image bearer, transfer the first toner pattern image onto the transfer rotator, and pass the first toner pattern image past the blade at least twice with rotation of the transfer rotator at start-up of the image forming apparatus, and
form a second toner pattern image on the image bearer after the start-up and during passage of a non-image area in which the toner image is not formed on the image bearer,
a range of the first toner pattern image being wider than a range of the second toner pattern image in a width direction perpendicular to a direction of travel of the image bearer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,408

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND CARTRIDGE INCLUDING DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A cartridge configured to accommodate a developing agent, the cartridge comprising:a detection gear rotatable about a first axis extending in a predetermined direction;
a first protrusion movable with rotation of the detection gear, wherein the at least one of the amount of the developing agent in the cartridge and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge is defined by motion of the first protrusion; and
a memory including a first storage region storing a first yield information representing the at least one of the amount of the developing agent in the cartridge and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge,
wherein the at least one of the amount of the developing agent and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge is confirmable based on both of the first yield information and motion of the first protrusion in response to rotation of the detection gear.

US Pat. No. 10,191,405

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGING MEMBER

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A bias charging member comprising:a) a conductive core, and
b) an outer surface layer disposed on the conductive core, the outer surface layer comprising a hydroxyl terminated poly(oxetane) based fluorinated polyether and an aminoplast resin, wherein the hydroxyl terminated poly(oxetane) based fluorinated polyether is represented by:
wherein x is from about 1 to about 40, y is from about 1 to about 40, and a sum of x and y is from about 2 to about 80.

US Pat. No. 10,191,404

CHARGING MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A charging member comprising:an electroconductive substrate; and
a resin layer on the electroconductive substrate,
wherein the charging member has an area on a surface of the charging member,
the area including a compound represented by the following formula (1):

in the formula (1), R1 and R2 each represent a linear or branched alkyl group having carbon atoms of 3 or more and 16 or less, wherein the area being formed by applying an emulsion containing the compound to a surface of the resin layer, and wherein the compound is contained in the emulsion with a concentration of 30% by mass or more and 50% by mass or less based on the total mass of the emulsion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,400

TONER FOR ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPMENT

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A toner for electrostatic charge image development, comprising toner base particles including at least a binder resin,having a volume resistivity of 1.0×1014 ?·cm or more at 25° C. with 50% RH by a temperature change method, and
having a volume resistivity of 1.0×1015 ?·cm or less at 67° C. by the temperature change method.

US Pat. No. 10,191,399

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER, ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPER, AND TONER CARTRIDGE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A mixed electrostatic charge image developing toner comprising:first toner particles comprising a binder resin and a colorant, and second toner particles comprising a binder resin,
wherein a content PCa of the colorant in the first toner particles is from 4% by weight to 20% by weight with respect to the first toner particles
a mixed weight ratio of the first toner particles and the second toner particles (weight of the first toner particles/weight of the second toner particles) is from 50/50 to 98/2,
an average circularity of the toner particles in at least one of the first or second toner particles is in a range of from 0.88 to 0.99, and
the second toner particles do not contain a colorant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,397

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member comprising a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer, whereinthe photosensitive layer is a single-layer photosensitive layer,
the photosensitive layer contains a charge generating material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a binder resin,
the binder resin contains a polyarylate resin,
a combination of the polyarylate resin and the hole transport material is either:
a combination of a polyarylate resin represented by a chemical formula (R-2) and a hole transport material represented by a chemical formula (HTM2-1); or
a combination of a polyarylate resin represented by a chemical formula (R-3) and a hole transport material represented by a chemical formula (HTM6-1),
the photosensitive layer has a scratch resistance depth of no greater than 0.50 ?m,
the photosensitive layer has a Vickers hardness of at least 17.0 HV,
the scratch resistance depth of the photosensitive layer is measured by a measurement method using a scratching apparatus,
the scratching apparatus includes a scratching stylus and a fixing table having an upper surface in a rectangular shape,
the scratching stylus has a hemispherical sapphire tip end having a diameter of 1 mm, and
the measurement method includes:
fixing the electrophotographic photosensitive member onto the upper surface of the fixing table such that a longitudinal direction of the electrophotographic photosensitive member is parallel to a longitudinal direction of the fixing table;
bringing the scratching stylus into perpendicular contact with a surface of the photosensitive layer;
forming a scratch on the surface of the photosensitive layer by the scratching stylus in a manner that the fixing table and the electrophotographic photosensitive member fixed on the upper surface of the fixing table are moved by 30 mm at a speed of 30 mm/minute while 10 g of a load is applied to the photosensitive layer through the scratching stylus in perpendicular contact with the surface of the photosensitive layer; and
measuring the scratch resistance depth that is a maximum depth of the scratch,

US Pat. No. 10,191,396

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, OBJECT POSITIONING SYSTEM AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:an object that is movable in at least one direction;
a temperature conditioning system configured to control a temperature of the object, wherein the temperature conditioning system comprises a conduit system configured to convey a fluid, wherein at least part of the conduit system is arranged on or in the object and wherein the at least part of the conduit system is sealed off on the object when controlling the temperature of the object or the conduit system further comprises a duct connected to the object to supply the fluid to the object;
a measurement system comprising a sensor to provide a measurement signal which is indicative of a pressure of the fluid at at least one location within the conduit system; and
a control system to control the movement of the object in the at least one direction under control of the measurement signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,391

METROLOGY METHOD AND APPARATUS, COMPUTER PROGRAM AND LITHOGRAPHIC SYSTEM

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

6. A lithographic system comprising:a lithographic apparatus comprising:
an illumination optical system arranged to illuminate a pattern; and
a projection optical system arranged to project an image of the pattern onto a substrate; and
a metrology apparatus comprising:
an optical system comprising a sensor, the optical system configured to measure a target on a substrate by illuminating the target with radiation and, using the sensor, detecting the radiation scattered by the target; and
an array of lenses configured to form an image on the sensor, the image comprising a plurality of sub-images, such that each of the sub-images is formed by a corresponding one of the lenses,
wherein the optical system is further configured to:
measure intensity asymmetry in corresponding higher orders of the scattered measurement radiation from said sub-images; and
determine, from each of the measurements of intensity asymmetry, a local measurement of target asymmetry, and
wherein the lithographic apparatus is arranged to use the local measurement of target asymmetry in applying the pattern to further substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,191,390

METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING A MARK PATTERN TO A SUBSTRATE, A CALIBRATION METHOD, AND A LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:providing a reference substrate having a first mark pattern, with a first resist layer on the reference substrate, wherein the first resist layer has a minimal radiation dose needed for development of the first resist;
using a reference patterning device to impart a radiation beam with a second mark pattern in its cross-section to form a patterned radiation beam; and
exposing a target portion of the first resist layer of the reference substrate at least two times to the patterned radiation beam to create exposed areas in the target portion of the first resist layer in accordance with the second mark pattern that have been subjected to an accumulated radiation dose above the minimal radiation dose of the first resist layer, wherein the exposing is configured to position a resulting pattern in the first resist layer on the reference substrate closer to a desired position than would be the case with a single exposure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,388

EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus that exposes a substrate with illumination light via a projection optical system and liquid, the exposure apparatus comprising:a liquid immersion member provided to surround a plane-convex lens of a plurality of optical elements of the projection optical system, and to form a liquid immersion region with the liquid below the projection optical system, the plane-convex lens being located at a closest position to an image plane among the plurality of optical elements, the plane-convex lens having a planar surface, from which the illumination light is emitted, that is arranged to contact with the liquid;
a first stage system having a first holding member and a first drive system to move the first holding member in at least a first direction, the first direction being within a predetermined plane that is orthogonal to an optical axis of the projection optical system, the first holding member being arranged above the projection optical system and holding a mask that is illuminated with the illumination light, the first drive system having a first motor that drives the first holding member;
a detection system located away from the projection optical system at least in one sense of the first direction and to detect a mark of the substrate;
a second stage system having two second holding members and a second drive system to move the two second holding members in at least the first direction and a second direction, the second direction being within the predetermined plane and being orthogonal to the first direction, the two second holding members being arranged below the projection optical system and each configured to hold the substrate, the second drive system having a second motor that drives the two second holding members;
a measurement apparatus having a first measuring system to obtain positional information of the first holding member and having a second measuring system to obtain positional information of the two second holding members; and
a controller coupled to the first and second measuring systems and to the first and second drive systems, the controller being arranged to control the first and second drive systems based on measurement information of the first and second measuring systems such that, for an exposure process of the substrate via the projection optical system and the liquid of the liquid immersion region, an alignment process between the mask and the substrate is executed based on detection information of the detection system and such that a scanning exposure where the mask and the substrate are each moved relative to the illumination light is performed with the first direction being a scanning direction,
wherein, in a state in which one of the two second holding members is arranged opposite to the projection optical system, the controller controls the second drive system to move the other of the two second holding members in an opposite sense of the first direction so that the other of the two second holding members comes close to the one of the two second holding members, and
wherein, in a state in which the liquid immersion region is substantially maintained below the projection optical system, the controller controls the second drive system to move the close two second holding members in the opposite sense of the first direction relative to the liquid immersion member so that the other of the two second holding members is arranged opposite to the projection optical system in place of the one of the two second holding members.

US Pat. No. 10,191,387

REFLECTIVE MIRROR, PROJECTION OPTICAL SYSTEM, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A reflective mirror comprising:a base; and
a multilayer film configured to reflect at least a portion of incident light, the multilayer film including a first layer and a second layer that are laminated alternately on the base, the multilayer film having a periodic length defined as a sum of the thickness of the first layer and the thickness of the second layer,
wherein the base includes a first surface and a second surface, the first surface and the second surface formed with first and second height levels, respectively, relative to a surface of the multilayer film, wherein the first and second height levels are different from each other, and
wherein the multilayer film includes a first portion formed on the first surface and a second portion formed on the second surface, and further wherein the periodic length at the first portion is different from the periodic length at the second portion, and the periodic length at the first portion and the periodic length at the second portion are set such that a difference in reflectance between the first portion and the second portion is reduced, while the multilayer film is configured to reflect a portion of the incident light that is incident at a first angle on the first portion of the multilayer film, and reflect a portion of the incident light that is incident at a second angle on the second portion of the multilayer film, the second angle being different from the first angle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,382

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM FOR ILLUMINATING A MASK IN A MICROLITHOGRAPHIC EXPOSURE APPARATUS

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A system for illuminating a mask in a micro-lithographic projection exposure apparatus, the system comprising:a beam deflecting component, the beam deflecting component configured to produce an intensity distribution in a pupil surface of the system, the beam deflecting component comprising a beam deflection array of reflective or transparent beam deflecting elements, each beam deflecting element configured to illuminate a corresponding spot in the pupil surface having a position that can be varied by changing a deflection angle produced by the beam deflecting element;
one or more optical elements configured to illuminate the beam deflecting component;
one or more optical elements arranged between the beam deflecting component and the pupil surface, configured to direct light from the beam deflecting array to the pupil surface; and
a controller configured to supply control signals to the beam deflecting elements to vary the deflection angles, the controller being programmed to:
i) determine an arrangement of spots in the pupil surface that approximates a target intensity distribution;
ii) determine, for each of the beam deflecting elements, a function relating a position of the corresponding spot illuminated by the beam deflecting element in the pupil surface and the deflection angle produced by the beam deflecting element when illuminating the spot;
iii) determine, using the functions determined in ii), deflection angles for each of the beam deflecting elements to obtain the arrangement of spots; and
iv) supply the control signals to the beam deflecting elements such that the deflection angles determined in iii) are produced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,376

CROSS SCAN PROXIMITY CORRECTION WITH EBEAM UNIVERSAL CUTTER

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A column for an e-beam direct write lithography tool, the column comprising:a first blanker aperture array (BAA) comprising a staggered array of openings having a pitch along an array direction, the array direction orthogonal to a scan direction, wherein each opening has a first dimension in the array direction; and
a second BAA comprising a staggered array of openings having the pitch along the array direction, wherein each opening has a second dimension in the array direction, the second dimension greater than the first dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,191,374

RESIST UNDERLAYER FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A resist underlayer film-forming composition comprising a polymer having a structural unit of the following Formula (1):
wherein X is an arylene group, n is 1 or 2, and R1, R2, R3, and R4 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a hydroxy group, a C1-3 alkyl group, or a phenyl group, and a solvent.

US Pat. No. 10,191,372

POLYMER, POSITIVE RESIST COMPOSITION, AND PATTERN FORMING PROCESS

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A polymer comprising recurring units having the formula (a), recurring units having the formula (b), and recurring units having the formula (c), the polymer having a weight average molecular weight of 1,000 to 500,000,wherein R1 is halogen, a C1-C4 straight or branched alkyl group, C1-C4 straight or branched alkoxy group, or acetoxy group, R2 is an acid labile group, R3 and R4 are each independently halogen or a C1-C6 straight or branched alkyl group, p is 0 or 1, q and r are each independently an integer of 0 to 4.

US Pat. No. 10,191,370

COMPOSITION AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A COMPONENT

Toyo Gosei Co., Ltd., Ic...

1. A composition comprising:a first compound;
a second compound; and
a silane coupling agent;wherein:the first compound has a structure represented by Formula (D):the second compound has at least two polymerizable groups;the silane coupling agent is as represented by Formula (G):anda resin generated by curing the composition has a dry etching rate less than or equal to 140 nm/min.

US Pat. No. 10,191,368

MULTI-FIELD OVERLAY CONTROL IN JET AND FLASH IMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A template, comprising:multiple lithography fields for imprinting at multiple locations simultaneously; and
multiple holes machined in unpatterned regions to reduce inter-field mechanical coupling and permit overlay control over said multiple lithography fields simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,191,367

PELLICLE FOR PHOTOMASK AND EXPOSURE APPARATUS INCLUDING THE PELLICLE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A pellicle for a photomask, which protects the photomask from external contamination, the pellicle comprising:a pellicle membrane spaced apart from the photomask; the pellicle membrane including a semiconductor having a two-dimensional (2D) crystalline structure, the pellicle membrane further including at least one of an n-type dopant and a p-type dopant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,363

PROJECTION-TYPE IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

MAXELL, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A projection-type image display apparatus comprising: a projection lens configured to magnify and project an optical image formed by a light source and an image display element, and a back surface side display configured to display a detail of an error of the projection-type image display apparatus and is attached to a back surface located opposite to a front surface of a housing of the projection-type image display apparatus to which the projection lens is attached, wherein a backlight of the back surface side display is configured to be turned off when an operation of the projection-type image display apparatus is in normal status and the backlight of the back surface side display is configured to be turned on when an error has occurred in the operation of the projection-type image display apparatus, wherein both a displayed content about the error displayed on the back surface side display and a method for displaying the error on the back surface side display are changed by a controller based on an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus among a plurality of installed orientations including an installed orientation for being hung from a ceiling and an installed orientation for being placed on a table, wherein when an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus is the installed orientation for being placed on a table, the back surface side display displays a detailed data about the error, in order for the detailed data to be viewed by a user at smaller distance away from the projection-type image display apparatus placed on a table than a user for the projection-type image display apparatus hung from a ceiling, and wherein when an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus is the installed orientation for being hung from a ceiling, the back surface side display displays a type of the error in an enlarged manner, in order for the type of the error displayed in enlarged manner to be viewed by a user at more large distance away from the projection-type image display apparatus hung from a ceiling than a user for the projection-type image display apparatus placed on a table.

US Pat. No. 10,191,361

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE INCLUDING A LIGHT SOURCE SECTION TO ADJUST BRIGHTNESS AND PROJECTOR USING THE SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A light source device, comprising:a light source section that emits visible excitation light;
a phosphor that emits fluorescent light by the excitation light emitted from the light source section; and
a color-changing section that picks up color light having a color different from that of the fluorescent light from the fluorescent light emitted from the phosphor, wherein
an emission timing of the fluorescent light in the phosphor is synchronized with a switching timing between the excitation light and the color light by the color-changing section, and
the light source section decreases brightness of the light source section in the switching timing between the excitation light and the color light by the color-changing section.

US Pat. No. 10,191,359

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS AND IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS USING THE ILLUMINATION APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An illumination apparatus comprising:a solid state light source unit including a plurality of light emitting points that emits light and is arranged on a light emitting face;
a plurality of optical elements configured to guide light emitted from the plurality of light emitting points to an illumination target face;
a heat conduction member arranged in a space different from a space between the light emitting face of the solid state light source unit and the plurality of optical elements, configured to conduct heat from the solid state light source unit; and
a cooling unit configured to supply a first fluid to the heat conduction member along a first flow path and supply a second fluid to the space between the light emitting face and the optical elements along a second flow path,
wherein the second fluid is a fluid from which dust or dust and moisture is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,357

TRAIL CAMERA MOUNTING SYSTEM

1. A mounting system comprising:a support, the support comprising an anchoring means, which attaches the support to a surface, a support fitting, and a support releaseable capture means;
a utility bar, the utility bar comprising a utility bar fitting, a utility bar releaseable capture means, wherein the utility bar releaseable capture means are configured to engage and releaseably capture the support releasable capture means;
a pole, the pole comprising a pole fitting configured to complement the support fitting and the utility bar fitting, where said pole fitting engages the utility bar fitting to place the utility bar by connecting the utility bar releasable capture means to the support releasable capture means; whereby said pole fitting releases and is removed from said utility bar fitting while the connection between said utility bar releasable capture means and said support releasable capture means is maintained.

US Pat. No. 10,191,355

LIGHT ADJUSTING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A light adjusting apparatus comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate arranged in parallel at a predetermined distance to define a space between the first substrate and the second substrate, each of the first substrate and the second substrate including an opening formed to pass light;
a rotary shaft member rotatable around a central axis of rotation perpendicular to the first substrate and the second substrate;
a light adjusting section rotatably movable with the rotary shaft member, the light adjusting section being configured to move between an insertion position located in an optical path of light passing through the opening and a retracted position retracted from the optical path as the rotary shaft member rotates, to adjust and output incident light incident from the opening, the light adjusting section being configured to be movable in an axial direction of the rotary shaft member with the rotary shaft member; and
a holding member configured to restrict rotation from at least one of the insertion position and the retracted position of the light adjusting section when the light adjusting section is located in a first region of the space, and allow the light adjusting section to rotate when the light adjusting section is located in a second region of the space, wherein the space is divided into the first region and the second region at different positions in the axial direction such that the first region is closer to the first substrate than the second substrate and the second region is closer to the second substrate than the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,354

MULTI-PARAMETER NONCOLLINEAR PHASE-MATCHING FOR HIGH-AVERAGE-POWER OPTICAL PARAMETRIC CHIRPED-PULSE AMPLIFIER

Shanghai Jiao Tong Univer...

1. A high-average-power optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) amplifier, comprisinga pump laser system on a first optical pathway, the pump laser system comprising an Nd:YVO4 laser oscillator-regenerative amplifier and an Nd:YAG boost amplifier that are sequentially arranged on the first optical pathway,
a beam splitter after the pump laser system;
a frequency-doubled convertor arranged on the first optical pathway after the beam splitter,
a frequency-tripled convertor arranged on the first optical pathway after the frequency-doubled convertor,
a reflector on the first optical pathway arranged after the frequency-tripled convertor,
a signal laser system on a second optical pathway, the signal laser system comprises a supercontinuum generator,
a stretcher on the second optical pathway after the signal laser system,
a nonlinear crystal amplifier, the nonlinear crystal amplifier having an optic pathway,
a pulse compressor arranged along the optical pathway after the nonlinear crystal amplifier,
an electronic phase-locking loop, and
a crystal oven encasing the nonlinear crystal amplifier,
wherein the pump laser system and the signal laser system are synchronized with the electronic phase-locking loop;
a pump laser beam is generated from the pump laser system, is frequency-doubled in the frequency-doubled convertor, and frequency-tripled in the frequency-tripled convertor;
a signal laser beam is generated from the signal laser system, passes through the stretcher, and is temporally chirped to form a chirped signal laser beam;
the chirped signal laser beam is amplified in the nonlinear crystal amplifier to form an amplified chirped signal laser beam, and the amplified chirped signal laser beam is compressed in the compressor;
energy flows from the pump laser beam into the signal laser beam during amplification in the nonlinear crystal amplifier inside the crystal oven;
by adjusting a direction of the reflector in the first optical pathway, the signal laser beam and the pump laser beam are intersected with a noncollinear angle in the nonlinear crystal amplifier; and
by adjusting the temperature of the crystal oven, the nonlinear crystal amplifier operates at a designated phase-matching temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,191,353

OPTICALLY TRIGGERED ELECTRICAL SWITCHES WITH FAST RECOVERY BASED ON NONLINEAR OPTICAL RESPONSE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An optical switch electrically activatable through received photon energy, the switch comprising:a substrate responsive to photon energy, where the photon energy forms an optical excitation signal;
a first electrode disposed on a first surface of the substrate;
a second electrode disposed on a second surface of the substrate; and
wherein the substrate includes a characteristic of two-photon absorption to enable electrical conduction through the substrate, the two-photon absorption being enhanced by deep energy levels located in a bandgap between conductance and valence bands of the substrate which are at least near resonant with the photon energy.

US Pat. No. 10,191,346

BLUE PHASE LIQUID CRYSTAL MODULES, BLUE PHASE LIQUID CRYSTAL DEVICES, AND THE MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A blue phase liquid crystal module, comprising:an up substrate;
a down substrate opposite to the up substrate;
blue phase liquid crystals between the up substrate and the down substrate;
the down substrate comprising at least one insulation layer having a wave-shaped structure with respect to the up substrate and the down substrate, the down substrate comprising a reflective layer to divide the down substrate into a transmission area and a reflective area, the reflective layer being arranged in a portion of the down substrate, pixel electrodes and common electrodes are arranged alternately at valleys and at peaks of the wave-shaped insulation layer, and the blue phase liquid crystals are driven by at least one slant electrical field generated between the pixel electrode and the common electrode; wherein the insulation layer is of a saw-tooth-shaped structure, the common electrode is V-shaped and is arranged at the valley of the wave-shaped insulation layer, and the pixel electrode is inverse-V-shaped and is arranged at the peak of the wave-shaped insulation layer, an included angle between a saw-tooth edge of the insulation layer within the transmission area and the down substrate is smaller than the included angle between the saw-tooth edge of the insulation layer within the reflective area and the down substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,345

DISPLAY DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate comprising a display region and a peripheral region, wherein the peripheral region is adjacent to the display region;
a first transistor disposed on the peripheral region, wherein the first transistor comprises a first semiconductor layer;
a second transistor disposed on the display region, wherein the second transistor comprises a second semiconductor layer;
a first insulating layer disposed under the first semiconductor layer;
wherein a thickness of the first insulating layer is greater than or equal to 200 nm and less than or equal to 500 nm;
wherein the first semiconductor layer is a silicon semiconductor layer, and the second semiconductor layer is an oxide semiconductor layer
a first buffer layer disposed on the first substrate, a second buffer layer disposed on the first buffer layer, a third buffer layer disposed on the second buffer layer, and a fourth buffer layer disposed on the third buffer layer and below the first insulating layer; wherein the first buffer layer, the third buffer layer and the first insulating layer respectively comprise comprises silicon oxide, and the second buffer layer and the fourth buffer layer respectively comprises silicon nitride.

US Pat. No. 10,191,344

ACTIVE MATRIX SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An active matrix substrate comprising:a plurality of gate lines that extend in a first direction in a display region;
a plurality of source lines that extend in a second direction in the display region, the second direction being different from the first direction;
pixel switching elements provided for pixels, respectively, in the display region and are connected to the gate lines and the source lines, the pixels being defined by the gate lines and the source lines;
a plurality of gate line driving circuits that are provided in the display region, in correspondence to each of the gate lines to control a potential thereof; and
a control signal line that supplies a control signal from outside the display region to the gate line driving circuits,
wherein each of the gate line driving circuits includes a plurality of driving switching elements for switching ON/OFF according to the control signal, and a capacitor that is connected to at least one of the driving switching elements,
at least part of the driving switching elements and the capacitor are arranged at positions closer to, not the gate line corresponding to the gate line driving circuit that includes the driving switching elements, but another gate line that is other titan the corresponding gate line, and
the another gate line is arranged between the at least part of the driving switching elements and the capacitor, and the gate line corresponding to the gate line driving circuit that includes the driving switching elements.

US Pat. No. 10,191,343

DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR FORMING LASER PULSES

Centre National de la Rec...

1. A device for shaping laser pulses comprising:an input for a pulsed laser beam;
a spatial phase modulator, arranged on the path of said input pulsed laser beam to be illuminated thereby, the input pulsed laser beam having undergone no spectral dispersion prior to illumination of the spatial phase modulator;
a computer programmed for configuring said spatial phase modulator so as to emulate a diffraction grating having a diffraction efficiency which varies along a spatial direction identified by the intersection of the surface of the modulator with the diffraction plane; and
a spatial filter for a light beam diffracted by said grating;
whereby a laser pulse at the input of the device is converted into a train of individual output pulses exhibiting temporal intensity modulation, said diffraction grating being a blazed grating having lines whose blaze angle varies along said spatial direction, wherein at least some said lines have, relative to a periodic arrangement, an offset in the diffraction plane (xz) of the grating introducing a phase shift of the corresponding individual pulses, said offset being made both in said spatial direction (s) and in a direction perpendicular (x) to the plane of the grating; and
wherein the spatial phase modulator is tilted with respect to an incident direction of the input pulsed laser beam in such a way that said incident direction and the direction perpendicular to the plane of the grating lie in the diffraction plane.

US Pat. No. 10,191,341

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A display device comprising:a thin film transistor;
a protective film formed on the thin film transistor;
a common electrode formed on the protective film;
a pixel electrode opposite to the common electrode, wherein
the common electrode has an opening enclosed by the common electrode,
the protective film has a first hole and a second hole formed in a same layer, and
the opening overlaps the first hole and the second hole in plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,191,340

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A curved display panel, comprising:a first substrate, a second substrate, and a display medium located between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a plurality of scan lines and data lines, located on the first substrate, wherein the scan lines and the data lines are interlaced with each other;
a plurality of pixel structures, located on the first substrate, wherein each pixel structure is connected to one of the scan lines and one of the data lines, each pixel structure comprises an active device and a pixel electrode, and each active device comprises a gate, a channel layer, a source, and a drain;
a plurality of color filter patterns, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the color filter patterns are disposed corresponding to the pixel structures;
a plurality of shielding patterns, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the shielding patterns are disposed parallel to the data lines, gaps are provided between the shielding patterns and the scan lines, and the shielding patterns are disposed corresponding to junctions of two adjacent color filter patterns; and
a plurality of filling structures, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the filling structures are disposed corresponding to the gaps, and each filling structure is a multi-layer structure comprising a first layer and a second layer;
wherein all of the second layer, the source, and the drain comprise a first material, and both the first layer and the channel layer comprise a second material.

US Pat. No. 10,191,337

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first display panel that displays a color image, the first display panel including a plurality of transmission sections each of which transmits light having a predetermined color; and
a second display panel that displays a black-and-white image, wherein
each of the first display panel and the second display panel includes a plurality of pixels, the plurality of pixels being defined by two source lines adjacent to each other and two gate lines adjacent to each other in plan view,
the plurality of pixels of the first display panel include a first pixel corresponding to a first transmission section transmitting light having first color, a second pixel corresponding to a second transmission section transmitting light having second color, and a third pixel corresponding to a third transmission section transmitting light having third color,
the plurality of pixels of the second display panel include a fourth pixel overlapping the first pixel and a fifth pixel overlapping the second pixel and the third pixel, and
an area of the fourth pixel is different from an area of the fifth pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,336

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE THAT AVOIDS INFLUENCE ON IMAGE QUALITY DUE TO RESIDUAL IONS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate,
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate,
the first substrate having; scanning lines extending in a first direction and arranged in a second direction,
videos signal lines arranged to cross the scanning lines,
a pixel area surrounded by the scanning lines and the video signal lines, and
a pixel electrode formed in the pixel area,
wherein the first substrate has conductive wirings between the video signal line and the liquid crystal layer in cross sectional view, at least an organic insulating film is formed between the conductive wiring and the video signal line,
the conductive wirings are formed over the video signal lines in a plan view,
a width in the first direction of one of the conductive wirings is larger than a width in the first direction of one of the video signal lines,
the one conductive wiring has edges on both sides extending in the second direction,
the one video signal line has edges on both sides extending in the second direction, and
an amount of the one conductive wiring that extends beyond the edges of the one video signal line to the edges of the one conductive wiring in a plan view is essentially the same on both sides of the one video signal line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,335

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND MOTHER SUBSTRATE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display panel comprising:a TFT substrate,
a counter substrate facing the TFT substrate through a sealing member,
a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between the TFT substrate and the counter substrate, and
a plurality of spacers formed on the counter substrate,
wherein
the TFT substrate has a first region, which is surrounded by the sealing member and overlapping with the liquid crystal layer, and a second region, which is not surrounded by the sealing member and not overlapping with the liquid crystal layer,
a first layer structure has a laminated structure of at least three layers, which includes a first layer made of a transparent conductive layer,
the first layer structure is formed in the first region of the TFT substrate at a position facing one or more spacers of the plurality of spacers,
a second layer structure, having at least the same laminated structure as the first layer structure, is provided in the second region of the TFT substrate at a position facing one or more spacers of the plurality of spacers, and
the first layer of the first layer structure is electrically separated from the first layer of the second layer structure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,332

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD), comprisinga backlight unit;
an LCD panel;
a frame glue sealant used to connect to the backlight unit and the LCD panel; and
at least one gasket;
wherein the at least one gasket is arranged on a side of the LCD panel toward the backlight unit or the at least one gasket is arranged on a side of the backlight unit toward the LCD panel; andwherein the at least one gasket maintains a separation between the LCD panel and the backlight unit; wherein the at least one gasket is an electrostrictive gasket;wherein a first driving electrode corresponding to each gasket is arranged on the side of the LCD panel, and a second driving electrode corresponding to each gasket is arranged on the backlight unit; each gasket is connected to the LCD panel by the corresponding first driving electrode; each gasket is connected to the backlight unit by the corresponding second driving electrode; the first driving electrode corresponds to the second driving electrode one by one.

US Pat. No. 10,191,330

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL, FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising: an opposed substrate and an array substrate arranged opposite to each other, and a liquid crystal layer filled between the opposed substrate and the array substrate, wherein,alignment films having opposite friction directions are provided on opposing surfaces of the opposed substrate and the array substrate, respectively;
the liquid crystal display panel has a plurality of pixel units which are arranged in array, and each of the pixel units comprises two pixel regions along the friction direction of the alignment film;
in each of the pixel units, a surface of the opposed substrate facing the liquid crystal layer or a surface of the array substrate facing the liquid crystal layer within at least one of the two pixel regions is inclined, so that a mean value of included angles between long axes of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer within one of the two pixel regions and a horizontal plane where the opposed substrate and the array substrate are located and a mean value of included angles between long axes of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer within the other of the two pixel regions and the horizontal plane where the opposed substrate and the array substrate are located has a same absolute value and a sum of zero, wherein
in each of the pixel units, the inclined surface includes a high point located at the boundary of the two pixel regions, and the film layer in the pixel region without the inclined surface has a same height as the high point, so that the film layer is continuous in the two pixel regions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,328

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING IMPROVED COOLING EFFICIENCY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A backlight unit, comprising:a light guide element to guide light to a liquid crystal display panel;
a circuit substrate;
a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs) on the circuit substrate to emit the light toward the light guide element;
a first heat transmission member formed with both a first portion and a second portion, the first portion formed along a direction opposite a longitudinal axis of the light guide element and facing at least one of the plurality of LEDs and the circuit substrate and the second portion integrally extending from a longitudinal end portion of the first portion along a direction opposite a longitudinal axis of the first portion and parallel to the light guide element;
a second heat transmission member configured to be coupled to the first heat transmission member, the second heat transmission member formed to accommodate the light guide element, the circuit substrate and the plurality of LEDs and the second heat transmission member having a first portion and a second portion, the first portion and the second portion of the second heat transmission member being disposed parallel to the first portion and the second portion of the first heat transmission member, respectively;
an intervening element disposed between the circuit substrate and the first portion of the first heat transmission member to receive heat from the plurality of LEDs through the circuit substrate and transmit the received heat to the second heat transmission member through the first heat transmission member; and
a reflection element disposed between the light guide element and the second portion of the first heat transmission member to reflect the light toward the liquid crystal display panel through the light guide element,
wherein the first heat transmission member and the second heat transmission member are made from a metallic material, and
wherein a surface area of the second portion of the second heat transmission member which is parallel to the light guide element is larger than a corresponding surface area of the second portion of the first heat transmission member which integrally extends from the longitudinal end portion of the first portion and is parallel to the light guide element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,327

EDGE-LIT TYPE BACKLIGHT MODULE, DISPLAY AND LIGHT GUIDE PLATE

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. An edge-lit type backlight module, comprising:at least two light guide plates disposed to be overlapped, each of the light guide plates respectively comprising a light-emitting surface, a bottom surface and at least one light incident surface, the bottom surface of the light guide plate on an upper layer and the light-emitting surface of the light guide plate on a lower layer disposed opposite;
a plurality of light sources, respectively disposed on the light incident surface of each of the light guide plates, and disposed to be mutually independent;
in travel directions of light of the light sources, each of the light guide plates disposed with light-emitting regions and total reflection regions disposed alternately, the light emitted from the light sources totally reflected in the total reflection regions; the light-emitting regions of each of the light guide plates and the total reflection regions of the adjacent light guide plate(s) disposed opposite.

US Pat. No. 10,191,324

REFLECTIVE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

21. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate opposing a second substrate;
a data line on the first substrate and extending along a first direction;
a gate line on the first substrate and extending along a second direction which intersects the first direction;
a reflection layer on a same layer as the data line and spaced apart from the data line;
a color filter layer on the reflection layer and the data line; and
a pixel electrode on the color filter layer, wherein the color filter layer includes a first color filter and a second color filter adjacent to the first color filter, and wherein an edge portion at which the first color filter and the second color filter directly contact each other is between the reflection layer and the data line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,323

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

9. A display device, comprising:a substrate including a red pixel area, a green pixel area, a blue pixel area, and a white pixel area;
a gate line and a data line on the substrate;
a thin film transistor connected to each of the gate line and the data line;
a first insulating layer on the gate line, the data line, and the thin film transistor;
a second insulating layer on the first insulating layer, the second insulating layer having apertures in the red pixel area, the green pixel area, and the blue pixel area, respectively;
a reflective layer on the first insulating layer and the second insulating layer, the reflective layer being in the red pixel area, the green pixel area, and the blue pixel area;
a color filter in each of the apertures;
an opaque pixel electrode in the white pixel area; and
a transparent pixel electrode on each color filter and the second insulating layer, the transparent pixel electrode being connected to the thin film transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,322

DISPLAY AND ELECTRONIC UNIT

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display comprising:a reflective display panel; and
an optical laminate disposed on the display panel, the optical laminate including a plurality of anisotropic scattering films including at least:
a first film that has a first transmittance in a first scattering central axis direction of the first film when light enters the first film in the first scattering central axis direction; and
a second film that has a second transmittance in a second scattering central axis direction of the second film when light enters the second film in the second scattering central axis direction,
wherein the first transmittance is higher than a transmittance of the first film when light enters the first film in a direction different from the first scattering central axis direction,
wherein the second transmittance is higher than a transmittance of the second film when light enters the second film in a direction different from the second scattering central axis direction, and
wherein the first transmittance is at least four times the second transmittance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,321

REFLECTIVE POLARIZING MODULE HAVING PARTICLES AND BACKLIGHT UNIT INCLUDING SAME

LMS CO., LTD, Pyeontaek-...

1. A reflective polarizing module comprising:a reflective polarizer sheet formed by stacking a plurality of layers having different refractive indexes, and selectively transmitting light;
a first light-condensing sheet having first structuralized patterns in which first unit light-condensing objects are continuously repeated and each have a transverse cross-sectional area gradually decreased toward an upper portion thereof, wherein an upper tip portion of each of the first unit light-condensing objects is bonded to a lower portion of the reflective polarizer sheet so as to have a first width in a transverse direction thereof; and
a coating layer disposed on an upper surface of the reflective polarizer sheet and having a plurality of particles diffusing light transferred through the reflective polarizer sheet, wherein at least some of the plurality of particles have a diameter smaller than the first width.

US Pat. No. 10,191,320

FILTER SHEET, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A filter sheet, comprising:a first medium film, a second medium film and a third medium film attached to each other,
wherein the filter sheet comprises a first pixel region, a second pixel region and a third pixel region;
a portion of the first medium film in the first pixel region of the filter sheet is removed, a portion of the second medium film in the second pixel region of the filter sheet is removed, and a portion of the third medium film in the third pixel region of the filter sheet is removed;
the first medium film reflects light in a first wavelength range and transmits light outside the first wavelength range; the second medium film reflects light in a second wavelength range and transmits light outside the second wavelength range; and the third medium film reflects light in a third wavelength range and transmits light outside the third wavelength range, each of the first, second and third medium films comprises a plurality of cycles, and each of the cycles is formed by alternately arranging at least two medium layers with different refractive indices;
wherein a fourth medium film is a same one as any one of the first, second and third medium films, and a reflection wavelength range of the fourth medium film is from L1 to L2;
in an incident light direction, if the low refractive index medium layer is arranged before the high refractive index medium layer, then in the fourth medium film:
a thickness of the low refractive index medium layer in a i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d1i=[L1+k(2i?1?1)]/4n1,
a thickness of the high refractive index medium layer in the i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d2i=[L1+k(2i?1)]/4n2; and
in the incident light direction, if the low refractive index medium layer is arranged behind the high refractive index medium layer, then in the fourth medium film:
a thickness of the low refractive index medium layer in a i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d1i=[L1+k(2i?1)]/4n1;
a thickness of the high refractive index medium layer in the i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d2i=[L1+k(2i?1?1)]/4n2,
wherein k is an increasing coefficient and 0.5?k?16, i is a natural number and 0?i?Z/2, Z is the total number of the low refractive index medium layer and the high refractive index medium layer in the fourth medium film, n1 is a refractive index of the low refractive index medium layer, and n2 is a refractive index of the high refractive index medium layer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,317

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel including a substrate provided with a display functional layer, and a polarizing plate, the display panel having sides along a first direction and a second direction;
an illuminator configured to output light to the display panel;
a frame that surrounds sides of the illuminator;
a protrusion included in the frame, the protrusion protruding toward the substrate and having a width in the first direction;
an adhesive member through which the substrate is bonded at a top of the protrusion of the frame, the adhesive member having a width in the first direction,
wherein
the polarizing plate is provided on a surface of the substrate to which the frame is bonded, and is arranged on an inner side of the frame than the adhesive member in planar view, and
the width of the adhesive member is smaller than the width of the protrusion which the adhesive member is in direct contact with.

US Pat. No. 10,191,314

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display panel;
a backlight unit; and
an accommodation member which accommodates the display panel and the backlight unit,
wherein the accommodation member comprises:
a bottom part defining a bottom surface of the accommodation member, at which a plurality of bottom holes is defined; and
a plurality of side surface parts which is connected to the bottom part and defines outermost side surfaces of the accommodation member,
wherein each of the side surface parts comprises:
a vertical part extending upward with respect to the bottom part; and
a horizontal part extending horizontally with respect to the bottom part and connected to a lower portion of the vertical part, a plurality of side surface holes defined in the horizontal part,
wherein a position where the side surface parts are connected to the bottom part varies based on sizes of the display panel and the backlight unit, and
wherein the position of the side surface parts define the outermost side surfaces defining the accommodation member and extend outwardly beyond an edge defining the bottom part of the accommodation member,
and wherein the plurality side surface holes are aligned with a portion of the bottom holes, which is determined based on the sizes of the display panel and the backlight unit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,312

RUBBER FRAME COMPONENT, BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A rubber frame component, comprising:a rubber frame body for surrounding edges of a backlight module and fixing the backlight module;
pointy projections made of a metal for attracting static charges in a periphery of a display panel; and
a reinforcing part disposed in the rubber frame body for supporting the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,311

DISPLAY DEVICE AND CHARGING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device comprising a display panel, a backlight source and a rechargeable battery, wherein the display panel has an upper substrate and a lower substrate disposed opposite to the upper substrate, the backlight source is situated on a side of the display panel facing the lower substrate, and the rechargeable battery is configured to supply power to the display device, and the display device further comprises:a transparent solar battery arranged at the upper substrate and configured to recharge the rechargeable battery of the display device;
a photosensitive coating disposed in a non-transparent region of the display panel and configured to sense light from the backlight source; and
a signal processing unit connected to the photosensitive coating and the transparent solar battery, wherein the signal processing unit detects changes of the signal from the photosensitive coating, determines a working state of the display device, and makes the transparent solar battery recharge or not recharge according to the working state of the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,308

OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE AND SMART WINDOW COMPRISING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An optoelectronic device comprising:a substrate;
an electrode member disposed on the substrate, wherein the electrode member comprises a first electrode and a second electrode;
an active layer located between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
an ionic liquid covering the active layer, the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,307

OPTICAL TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An optical transmission device comprising:an optical modulator configured to include a first waveguide and a second waveguide, each of the first waveguide and the second waveguide modulating carrier light by using a modulation drive signal having multiple intensity levels;
a phase shifter configured to provide a predetermined phase difference between a first optical signal output from the first waveguide and a second optical signal output from the second waveguide;
a photodetector configured to detect a portion of a multilevel optical signal acquired by multiplexing the first optical signal and the second optical signal between which the phase difference is provided, and apply photoelectric conversion to the portion; and
a first controller configured to provide a first bias voltage and a second bias voltage to the first waveguide and the second waveguide, respectively, based on an output signal from the photodetector, wherein
the first controller comprises:
a signal amplitude detector configured to receive an output of the photodetector and output signal amplitude information of the output of the photodetector; and
a second controller configured to input the signal amplitude information and correcting at least one of the first bias voltage to be provided to the first waveguide and the second bias voltage to be provided to the second waveguide, based on a quadrature state between the first waveguide and the second waveguide of the optical modulator, the quadrature state being represented by the signal amplitude information.

US Pat. No. 10,191,305

OPHTHALMIC LENS

Signet Armorlite, Inc., ...

1. An ophthalmic lens, comprising:an optical lens having a front surface and a back surface;
a thin film coating on the front surface comprising alternating layers of high and low index materials, the coating attenuating transmission of light and having a spectral reflectance curve comprising a reflectance of at least 80% from 320 nm to 420 nm, between 40% to 60% at 440 nm, and 20% or less from 480 nm to 700 nm, and wherein the spectral reflectance curve is monotonically decreasing between 420 nm to 450 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,191,304

ELECTRONIC EYEGLASSES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING

Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., ...

1. An electronic eyewear, comprising:a temple;
an electronic lens;
a first electronic module and a second electronic module disposed in the temple;
a tube made of heat resistant materials and disposed in the temple; and
an electrical conductor inserted into the tube, wherein the electronic lens and the first electronic module are electrically connected to each other, and wherein the first electronic module is electrically connected to the second electronic module by the electrical conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,290

VEHICLE, HEAD-UP DISPLAYING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING HEIGHT OF PROJECTION IMAGE THEREOF

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, (CN...

1. A head-up displaying system, configured to be applied in a vehicle, and comprising:a projector, disposed in the vehicle, and configured to project a projection image onto a front windshield such that the projection image is reflected into eyes of a driver;
a camera, fixedly disposed in the vehicle and in front of the eyes of the driver, and configured to detect an image having locations of the eyes of the driver and a predetermined reference point;
a seat detecting module, configured to detect a position of a seat of the driver in the vehicle so as to obtain an actual horizontal distance between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point in a horizontal direction; and
a head-up controller, configured to obtain the image detected by the camera and the actual horizontal distance detected by the seat detecting module, to process the image so as to obtain a position relation between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point in the image, to generate an actual vertical distance between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point according to the position relation and the actual horizontal distance, and to adjust a height of the projection image from the projector automatically according to the actual vertical distance,
wherein the projector comprises a display component, and a three-mirror optical assembly positioned in an optical path of an emergent light of the display component and configured to reflect the projection image projected by the display component onto the front windshield such that the front windshield reflects the projection image into the eyes of the driver and comprising:
a zoom lens assembly;
an image quality compensation lens assembly; and
a front windshield compensation lens assembly, configured to compensate for an image distortion caused by the front windshield and to adjust an angle of the emergent light,
wherein the front windshield compensation lens assembly comprises:
a housing;
a bracket, rotatably disposed on the housing;
an angle adjusting component, disposed on the housing and connected to the bracket, and configured to drive the bracket to rotate under control of the head-up controller; and
a front windshield compensation lens, disposed on the bracket, and configured to compensate for the distortion caused by the front windshield and to adjust the angle of the emergent light,
wherein the angle adjusting component comprises an adjusting housing, an electric motor, a gear train and a pusher; wherein
the electric motor, the gear train and the pusher are disposed in the adjusting housing;
the electric motor is connected to the head-up controller and comprises a screw shaft, the screw shaft is engaged with the gear train;
the pusher has a pushing end connected to a back surface of the bracket and an engaging end engaged with the gear train; and
a rotary motion of the gear train is converted into a liner motion of the pusher.

US Pat. No. 10,191,288

OPTICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING A SOURCE IMAGE

Carl Zeiss AG, Oberkoche...

1. An optical system configured to transmit a source image from which light having a field angle spectrum emanates, the optical system comprising:an optical waveguide arrangement in which the light can propagate by total internal reflection;
a diffractive optical input coupling arrangement configured to couple the light emanating from the source image into the optical waveguide arrangement; and
a diffractive optical output coupling arrangement configured to couple the light that has propagated in the optical waveguide arrangement out from the optical waveguide arrangement,
wherein:
the input coupling arrangement comprises:
a first input coupling element configured to couple light from a first subfield of the source image having field angles from a first field angle range of the field angle spectrum into the optical waveguide arrangement;
a second input coupling element configured to couple light from a second subfield of the source image having field angles from a second field angle range;
the second subfield is at least partly different from the first subfield;
the second field angle range is at least partly different from the first field angle range;
the transmitted first subfield and the transmitted at least one second subfield are at least partly superimposed on each other after coupling out from the optical waveguide arrangement; and
at least one subfield selected from the group consisting of the first subfield and the second subfield is at least partly arcuately bounded before coupling into the optical waveguide arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,191,283

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR EYEBOX EXPANSION DISPLAYS IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

NORTH INC., Kitchener (C...

1. A wearable heads-up display comprising:a support structure that in use is worn on a head of a user;
a holographic combiner carried by the support structure, wherein the holographic combiner is positioned within a field of view of an eye of the user when the support structure is worn on the head of the user;
a scanning laser projector carried by the support structure, the scanning laser projector comprising a laser module to produce light signals and at least one scan mirror to reflect the light signals to select regions of the holographic combiner;
an exit pupil selector carried by the support structure and positioned in an optical path between the at least one scan mirror and the holographic combiner, the exit pupil selector controllably switchable into and between respective ones of N different discrete orientations, where N is an integer greater than 1, wherein in each one of the N different discrete orientations the exit pupil selector is positioned and oriented to receive at least one light signal generated by the scanning laser projector and redirect the at least one light signal towards the holographic combiner effectively from a respective one of N discrete spatially-separated virtual positions for the scanning laser projector, and wherein the holographic combiner comprises at least one hologram positioned and oriented to, for each one of the N different discrete orientations of the exit pupil selector, converge light signals received from the exit pupil selector to a respective one of N discrete exit pupils at or proximate the eye of the user; and
an eye tracker carried by the support structure and communicatively coupled to the exit pupil selector, the eye tracker positioned and oriented to determine a gaze direction of the eye of the user, wherein the exit pupil selector is controllably switchable into and between respective ones of the N different discrete orientations based on the gaze direction of the eye of the user determined by the eye tracker.

US Pat. No. 10,191,281

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY FOR VISUALLY RECOGNIZING INPUT

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A head-mountable display device, comprising:a display screen; and
circuitry configured to:
communicate with an input device that is independent of the head-mountable display device,
wherein the input device includes at least one touch sensor, and
wherein the at least one touch sensor is beneath an input operation surface of the input device;
control the display screen to display a primary image, an operation image, and an auxiliary image,
wherein the operation image is overlaid on the primary image,
wherein the auxiliary image is overlaid on the operation image,
wherein the operation image of a first size is displayed at a first display position on the display screen,
wherein the auxiliary image indicates three-dimensional positional information of a target object relative to the input operation surface of the input device, and
wherein the three-dimensional positional information of the target object includes a distance of the target object from the input operation surface of the input device;
change the first display position of the operation image of the first size to a second display position of the operation image of a second size on the display screen, based on at least an object included in the primary image,
wherein the second display position is different from the first display position; and
control the display screen to further display the operation image of the second size at the second display position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,280

GLASS PANEL FOR DISPLAY SYSTEM

SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD...

13. The glazing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two hydroxyl groups are in para position on the benzene ring.

US Pat. No. 10,191,279

EYE IMAGING IN HEAD WORN COMPUTING

Osterhout Group, Inc., S...

1. A head-worn computer with a see-through computer display through which a user is able to see a surrounding environment and upon which a user is able to see digitally presented content, comprising:an eye imaging camera mounted in the head-worn computer at a position to capture an image of an eye of the user;
an eye illumination system mounted in the head-worn computer at a position to illuminate the eye such that an eye glint is produced and reflected from the eye of the user towards the eye imaging camera;
a processor, in the head-worn computer, adapted to compute a position of the eye from the image of the eye, as determined by a relative position of the eye glint to a portion of the eye, and to compare the position of the eye with dimensions of a field of view of the see-through computer display to determine a position of the eye with respect to the field of view;
the processor further adapted to establish a virtual target line in a direction that intersects a forward direction of the eye and the field of view, forming a field of view intersection; and
causing content to display at the field of view intersection such that the content is aligned with a viewing perspective of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,191,258

SINGLE-FOCUS OPTICAL SYSTEM AND OPTICAL APPARATUS USING THE SAME

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A single-focus optical system which forms a conjugate relationship between a conjugate point on an enlargement side at a long distance and a conjugate point on a reduction side at a short distance, comprising in order from the enlargement side:a first lens unit; and
a second lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein:
a lens component is one of a single lens and a cemented lens, and
the first lens unit includes a reduction-side negative lens component which is disposed closest to the reduction side, and has a concave surface on the reduction side, and
the first lens unit includes a enlargement-side lens component having a negative refractive power, closest to the enlargement side, and
the first lens unit includes a cemented lens cemented in order from the enlargement side, a negative lens having concave surface on the enlargement side and a positive lens, and
a shape of the cemented lens is a meniscus shape having a concave surface directed toward the enlargement side, and
in addition, the total number of negative lens components in the first lens unit is not less than three, and
the second lens unit includes in order from the enlargement side, a first positive lens, a second positive lens, a first negative lens, and a third positive lens, and
all air spaces in the second lens unit are constant at a time of focusing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,248

IMAGING LENS

KANTATSU CO., LTD., Yait...

12. An imaging lens comprising:seven constituent lenses which form an image of an object on a solid-state image sensor, in which the lenses are arranged in order from an object side to an image side of the imaging lens and are spaced from each other, the seven constituent lenses comprising:
a first lens with a positive refractive power;
a second lens with a negative refractive power;
a third lens with a positive or a negative refractive power;
a fourth lens with a positive or a negative refractive power;
a fifth lens with a positive refractive power;
a sixth lens with a positive or a negative refractive power; and
a seventh lens being a double-sided aspheric lens having a concave surface facing the image side, wherein
the third lens, the fourth lens, the fifth lens, and the sixth lens each have at least one aspheric surface,
the seventh lens has a pole-change point spaced from an optical axis of the imaging lens on its aspheric image-side surface, and expressions (9) and (10) are satisfied:
40 20<|?d5??d6|<40  (10), where
?d4 is an Abbe number of the fourth lens at d-ray,
?d5 is an Abbe number of the fifth lens at d-ray, and
?d6 is an Abbe number of the sixth lens at d-ray.

US Pat. No. 10,191,244

IMAGING APPARATUS AND POSITION DETECTION METHOD

Olympus Corporation, Tok...

1. An imaging apparatus having a lens, that is capable of movement in an optical axis direction, provided inside a lens barrel that includes a photographing lens, comprising:an operation member,
a detection element that outputs analog signals in accordance with position of the operation member,
an A/D converter that carries out A/D conversion to convert the analog signals to digital values, and
a controller that causes execution of A/D conversion by the A/D converter at a given time intervals, detects position of the operation member based on the digital values, and controls position of the lens based on the position, wherein
the controller, when it is determined that the operation member is stopped, compares an average value of a first number of digital values with a first threshold value, and determines that the operation member is moving if it has been determined that the average value is greater than the first threshold value, and
the controller, when it is determined that the operation member is moving, compares a difference between a newest digital value and a digital value that was acquired a second number previously with a second threshold value, and determines that the operation member has stopped if it is determined that the difference is smaller than the second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,232

OPTICAL MODULE

OE SOLUTIONS CO., LTD., ...

1. An optical module comprising:an optical transmitter configured to output a first optical signal;
an optical receiver configured to receive a second optical signal;
a holder including an optical fiber on which the first optical signal is incident and from which the second optical signal is emitted;
a first optical filter disposed between the optical transmitter and the holder to transmit the first optical signal and reflect the second optical signal;
a first parallel light lens disposed between the first optical filter and the optical transmitter;
a second parallel light lens disposed between the first optical filter and the holder;
a case into which the optical transmitter, the optical receiver, and the holder are inserted and in which the first optical filter, the first parallel light lens, and the second parallel light lens are disposed;
an isolator disposed between the first parallel light lens and the optical transmitter;
a reflector which is configured to reflect the second optical signal reflected by the first optical filter toward the optical receiver;
a second optical filter disposed between the reflector and the optical receiver; and
an adjustment member which is configured to couple the optical transmitter to the case,
wherein the holder is configured to accommodate the first parallel light lens, the second parallel light lens, the first optical filter, the reflector, and the second optical filter, and
wherein the adjustment member comprises a first adjustment member coupled with the case and a second adjustment member inserted into the first adjustment member and coupled with the optical transmitter.

US Pat. No. 10,191,220

POWER-EFFICIENT OPTICAL CIRCUIT

VOLCANO CORPORATION, San...

1. An intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging apparatus, comprising:a catheter or guidewire configured to be positioned within a blood vessel of a patient, the catheter or guidewire comprising an optical fiber configured to deliver light to the blood vessel to image the blood vessel;
a system configured to generate an OCT image of the blood vessel and in communication with the catheter or guidewire, the system comprising an optical circuit configured to provide the light to the optical fiber via an output channel, the optical circuit comprising:
a first optical path transmitting a first optical signal;
a second optical path transmitting a second optical signal; and
a means for recombining the first optical signal with the second optical signal without discarding an optical power of the first optical signal or the second optical signal, the means for recombining comprising a single output in communication with the output channel, wherein the means for recombining is configured to sequentially switch a connection of the first optical path and a connection of the second optical path to the single output such that the entire first optical signal and the entire second optical signal is sequentially directed to the output channel,
wherein the system is configured to generate the OCT image based on the optical power of the entire first optical signal and the entire second optical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,210

OPTICAL SHEET AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An optical sheet comprising:a plate-shaped optical sheet body having an active area and a non-active area; and
a plurality of fixing portions provided at corners of the optical sheet body in the non-active area,
wherein each fixing portion protrudes from the corresponding corner of the optical sheet body,
wherein each fixing portion is a unitary member that is provided without apertures,
wherein each fixing portion is provided in a respective buffer region of a guide panel,
wherein each buffer region has a predetermined depth that conforms to the shape of the respective fixing portion and has a shape that conforms to an outer surface of the respective fixing portion to fix the fixing portion thereto, and
wherein each buffer region is a gap that allows the guide panel to fluctuate in size.

US Pat. No. 10,191,203

STACKING-TYPE OPTICAL SHEET MODULE

LMS CO., LTD, Pyeongtaek...

1. A stacked optical sheet module, comprising:an upper optical sheet having a bottom surface and a first structural pattern in which first unit light-condensing bodies are successively repeated, cross-sectional areas of the first unit light-condensing bodies gradually decreasing towards a top; and
a lower optical sheet which has a second structural pattern and is disposed below the upper optical sheet in a stacked form, second unit light-condensing bodies and third unit light-condensing bodies being combined and successively disposed in the second structural pattern, the second unit light-condensing bodies respectively having a gradually decreasing cross-sectional area toward the top and being joined with the upper optical sheet, and the third unit light-condensing bodies respectively having a gradually decreasing cross-sectional area toward the top, a vertical distance from a lowest portion to a highest portion of each of the third unit light-condensing bodies being formed relatively shorter than a vertical distance from a lowest portion to a highest portion of each of the second unit light-condensing bodies,
wherein a vertical angle of the highest portion of each of the second unit light-condensing bodies is formed relatively smaller than a vertical angle of the highest portion of each of the third unit light-condensing bodies, and
wherein the second structural pattern is at least partially directly joined to the bottom surface of the upper optical sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,191,201

LIGHT EMITTING EMBLEM

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. A light emitting emblem comprising:a board having a first peripheral edge;
a light source arranged at the first peripheral edge;
a light guide plate having a second peripheral edge and an inner side portion, the second peripheral edge having a first surface facing the light source and a second surface opposite to the first surface, the first surface including a light entering part into which light from the light source is incident, and the second surface including an inclination part through which the light incident into the light entering part is reflected to the inner side portion from the second peripheral edge; and
a shielding plate that shields the light from the light source and prevents light not incident from the light entering part from being incident into the inner side portion,
wherein the inclination part is positioned at an outer edge of the light emitting emblem from the shielding plate, and
wherein the light guide plate has the light entering part facing the light source on the first surface of the second peripheral edge of the light guide plate and the inclination part on the second surface of an opposite side.

US Pat. No. 10,191,194

SPECTRAL TARGET FOR MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC REFLECTANCE IMAGING

Rochester Institute of Te...

1. A spectral target for determining the spectral reflectance factor and/or colorimetric coordinates of a sample, comprising:a mirror-like substrate containing a plurality of microstructures arranged in an array across the surface of the substrate and each one of the plurality of microstructures having an opaque multi-layer spectrally selective coating with a specific spectral reflectance profile, wherein the substrate has multiple spectral selectivity profiles in multiple locations.

US Pat. No. 10,191,176

DOOR ASSEMBLY FOR AN MRI ROOM

Metrasens Limited, Malve...

1. An MRI room door assembly for use in protecting an entrance to a room containing an MRI scanner system, the assembly comprising a doorframe that is suitable of being fixed in position within or around an opening to the room, a door that is fixed to the doorframe, and a sealing arrangement that seals the door to the frame when it is at rest in the closed position and which is released as a user initiates an opening of the door, in which at least one or more of the door and the doorframe include a built in safety system which provides a function relating to preventing ferromagnetic objects being brought unintentionally close to the MRI machine,in which the safety system comprises a ferromagnetic detection system (FMDS) arranged in use to warn a person approaching the door with a ferromagnetic object that they should not enter the room through the door with the ferromagnetic object;
in which the FMDS comprises:
a primary sensor means comprising at least one passive magnetic sensor means which detects the disturbances in the ambient magnetic field which occur as the ferromagnetic object moves through the field;
a secondary non-magnetic sensor means which detects movement of objects in the vicinity of the primary sensor means; and
a processing circuit which is arranged to monitor the signals from the sensors and to provide an alarm in the event that both the primary and secondary sensor means detect a moving ferromagnetic object,
in which the signal processing circuit is configured to identify temporal variations in the measurement signal due to the movement of a ferromagnetic object within the ambient magnetic field and to correlate the identified temporal variations in the measurement signal with instances in which the non-magnetic sensor means detects the presence of an object in its detection zone, and in which the signal processing circuit is arranged to cause the alarm to operate in the event that the correlation is indicative of the presence of a ferromagnetic object in the primary detection zone, and
further in which the signal processing circuit is adapted to determine the direction from which the object is approaching the doorway from the output signals from the non-magnetic sensor means and to modify the operation of the alarm dependent on the direction of approach.

US Pat. No. 10,191,162

RADIATION HARD SILICON DETECTORS FOR X-RAY IMAGING

PRISMATIC SENSORS AB, St...

1. A detector system for x-ray imaging, said detector system comprising:a detector having a plurality of adjacent edge-on detector modules, wherein:
each of said edge-on detector modules comprises a first edge that is adapted to be oriented towards an x-ray source and a front-side running essentially parallel to the direction of incoming x-rays, said front-side comprising at least one charge collecting electrode and routing traces connecting the at least one charge collecting electrode with front-end electronics; and
at least a subset of said plurality of adjacent edge-on detector modules being pairwise arranged, front-side to front-side, whereby a front-side to front-side gap is defined between the front-sides of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules; and wherein
each said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules include an anti-scatter collimator arranged in the x-ray path between said x-ray source and said edge-on detector modules and overlapping said front-side to front-side gap, said anti-scatter collimator being arranged to protect the front-side surface of both detector modules in each said pairwise arranged edge-on detector module from damaging x-rays, and
each pair of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules further include an anti-scatter foil located in said front-side to front-side gap between the front-sides of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules.

US Pat. No. 10,191,145

INTEGRATED OPTICAL SYSTEM WITH OPTICAL PHASED ARRAY PHOTONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Eric Swanson, Gloucester...

1. An integrated optical system comprising:a frequency tunable optical source;
a coherent optical receiver; and
a photonic integrated circuit (PIC) having an optical phased array that couples light to/from a sample, the optical phased array comprising a plurality of antenna elements that are configured to generate a wavelength dependent emission angle that is wavelength tuned in one dimension and configured to generate an emission angle that is at least partially phase tuned in another dimension,
wherein said system is configured such that when the frequency tunable optical source is tuned in optical frequency said coherent optical receiver produces electrical signals that are processed to produce optical information about the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,191,117

BATTERY REMAINING POWER PREDICTING DEVICE AND BATTERY PACK

ABLIC INC., Chiba (JP)

1. A battery remaining power predicting device configured to measure a voltage and a temperature of a rechargeable battery and to predict a remaining power of the rechargeable battery, the device comprising:a voltage detection portion that measures the voltage and temperature of the rechargeable battery;
a computing portion that predicts and calculates the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, based on the voltage and the temperature; and
a controller that controls an operation of the battery remaining power predicting device and the computing portion,
wherein the controller executes a battery remaining power predicting flow for predicting and calculating the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, the battery remaining power prediction flow regressively calculating the battery remaining power, based on the measured voltage and temperature and a battery internal impedance in a battery equivalent circuit, and
the controller executes a secular change estimating flow for estimating a secular change in battery characteristics using a case where a battery current is in a constant current state.

US Pat. No. 10,191,111

SYNCHRONIZED PULSED LADA FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ACQUISITION OF TIMING DIAGRAMS AND LASER-INDUCED UPSETS

DCG Systems, Inc., Fremo...

1. A method, comprising:sequentially directing a laser beam comprising a train of laser pulses on a plurality of pixel locations within an area of interest of a device under test (DUT);
at each pixel location of the plurality of pixel locations, repetitively applying, at a clock rate established by a clock signal, a test signal that places the DUT in a marginal state and temporally scanning arrival times of the laser pulses at at least one of the pixel locations with respect to the clock signal; and
for each at least one pixel location and at least two of the arrival times, recording a pass/fail result of the DUT so as to determine a probability of failure rate versus arrival time during the test signal for the plurality of pixel locations and arrival times.

US Pat. No. 10,191,106

TECHNIQUES TO IDENTIFY A PROCESS CORNER

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for identifying a process corner of an integrated circuit having a first asymmetrical ring oscillator (ARO1) including pull-up transistors that have a low threshold voltage (LVT) and pull-down transistors that have a regular threshold voltage (RVT), and a second asymmetrical ring oscillator (ARO2) including pull-up transistors that have an RVT and pull-down transistors having an LVT, comprising:applying an ultra-low power supply voltage to the ARO1 and the ARO2, wherein the applied ultra-low power supply voltage causes the integrated circuit to operate near a verge of malfunction;
measuring an output frequency of the ARO1;
measuring an output frequency of the ARO2;
calculating a calculated ratio of the output frequency of the ARO1 and the output frequency of the ARO2; and
comparing the calculated ratio to a fiduciary ratio, wherein the fiduciary ratio is of the output frequency of the ARO1 and the output frequency of the ARO2 at a typical-typical (TT) process corner, a slow-slow (SS) process corner, or a fast-fast (FF) process corner, and wherein if the calculated ratio is more than a first number of times the fiduciary ratio or less than a second number of times the fiduciary ratio, then a value of a manufactured process variation of the integrated circuit is substantially at an asymmetric process corner.

US Pat. No. 10,191,101

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING GROUND FAULT IN A DC SYSTEM

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A ground fault detection system for locating a ground fault in a direct current (DC) power transfer system comprising:a ground fault detection component comprising:
a first switch and a second switch;
a first resistive element and a second resistive element;
wherein, the first switch is electrically coupled to the first resistive element and the second switch is electrically coupled to the second resistive element in a series configuration respectively,
a current sensor operatively coupled to a load and configured to measure a fault current at the load upon switching at least one of the first switch or the second switch to a conducting state; and
a DC grounding component coupled to the ground fault detection component in a parallel configuration between a positive rail and a negative rail of a first DC bus, wherein the DC grounding component is configured to provide a balanced ground reference voltage at a neutral point;
wherein the DC grounding component comprises a third resistive element and a fourth resistive element, a first capacitive element and a second capacitive element, or a combination thereof for providing the balanced ground reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,094

SYNCHROPHASOR MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR POWER SYSTEMS

University of Tennessee R...

11. An electronic device for a power system, comprising:a sensor;
a global positioning system (GPS) receiver;
one or more processors; and
memory storing instructions adapted to be executed by the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
receiving samples of a signal sensed by the sensor from the power system, the samples being synchronized to an output of the GPS receiver;
determining a level of distortion of the signal;
selecting, based on the level of distortion, a computation method, the computation method being one of an improved zero-crossing (IZC) method and an enhanced phase-lock-loop (EPLL) method;
performing the selected computation method to determine at least one parameter of the signal at a reporting frequency, which is at least twice a line frequency of the power system; and
outputting, at the reporting frequency, the at least one parameter to an operator of the power system to allow the operator to perform at least one of a monitoring and a controlling of at least one element of the power system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,087

AUTOMATED STORAGE OF SUCCESSIVE STABLE MEASUREMENTS IN A DIGITAL MULTIMETER

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A handheld device for detecting electrical or physical parameters, comprising:a measurement component that measures physical or electrical parameters;
a user interface configured to receive an activation input that activates automated saving of subsequent successive stable measurements measured by the measurement component; and
a processor coupled to the measurement component and the user interface, wherein, responsive to receipt of the activation input by the user interface, the processor:
displays a plurality of subsequent successive stable measurements measured by the measurement component, wherein each measurement determined to be stable is displayed until a further subsequent measurement is determined to be stable; and
automatically stores each measurement of the plurality of displayed subsequent successive stable measurements in a memory communicatively coupled to the processor,
wherein the user interface is further configured to receive a review input, and responsive to receipt of the review input by the user interface, the processor retrieves a plurality of previously-stored stable measurements and provides a user-selective display of the stable measurements for review by a user.

US Pat. No. 10,191,079

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF DUAL-MODE ACTUATION AND SENSING FOR REAL-TIME CALIBRATION OF AXISYMMETRIC RESONANT GYROSCOPES

GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH COR...

1. A gyroscope apparatus having a plurality of resonance modes comprising:a resonator body;
first and second drive electrodes coupled to the resonator body;
first and second output electrodes coupled to the resonator body;
interface circuitry for driving the first drive electrode and second drive electrode simultaneously with a primary calibration signal derived at least in part from output signals from the first and second output electrodes; and
interface circuitry for generating calibration stimulus by multiplying the output signals of the first and second output electrodes with opposite polarities of a calibration signal, Vcal, and adding the multiplier outputs in a cross-coupled configuration to the drive signals of second and first drive electrodes to mimic mechanical rotation in an electrical domain, thereby tracking variations of mechanical rotation rate sensitivity.

US Pat. No. 10,191,078

ACCELERATION SENSOR

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An acceleration sensor comprising:a detection device including:
an active layer;
a base layer;
an oxide layer disposed between the active layer and the base layer;
a first insulating layer disposed on the active layer at a side opposite to the oxide layer and provided with a first opening;
a contact portion disposed on a part of the first insulating layer at a side opposite to
the active layer and including a first metal layer connected to the active layer through the first opening, and
a self-check electrode disposed at a side of the first insulating layer opposite to the active layer and located away from the first metal layer;
an opposed electrode disposed at a location opposing the self-check electrode; and
a top lid supporting the opposed electrode,
wherein the detection device further includes a frame and a ground electrode disposed on the frame, and
the ground electrode is electrically connected to a part of the active layer in the frame through the contact portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,071

CARTRIDGES AND INSTRUMENTS FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS

IntegenX, Inc., Pleasant...

1. A fluidic device comprising:a fluidics layer comprising one or more fluidic channels in a thermoplastic material;
a deformable membrane covering the one or more fluidic channels and comprising a heat seal material capable of plastic deformation, the heat seal material being thermally bonded to the fluidics layer;
one or more diaphragm valves, each diaphragm valve configured to regulate fluid flow in an associated fluidic channel, wherein each diaphragm valve comprises:
a) a diaphragm comprised in the deformable membrane;
b) a valve seat in the associated fluidic channel and recessed from a surface of the fluidics layer that contacts the deformable membrane; and
c) a valve inlet and a valve outlet comprised in the fluidics layer; wherein the one or more diaphragm valves are each configured for activation by a ram such that mechanical pressure by the ram on the deformable membrane presses the membrane against the valve seat, thereby closing the valve.

US Pat. No. 10,191,066

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS USING IGFBP FRAGMENTS

HYTEST LTD., Turku (FI)

6. A cardiac test kit, said kit comprising:1) an anti insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 4 (IGFBP-4) fragment antibody that binds the N-terminal fragment from IGFBP-4 having SEQ ID NO 1,
2) an anti IGFBP-4 fragment antibody that binds the C-terminal fragment from IGFBP-4 having SEQ ID NO 2; and
3) at least one reagent that measures another marker of major adverse cardiovascular event prediction selected from the group consisting of cholesterol fraction, C-Reactive Protein (CRP), cardiac troponin I, cardiac troponin T, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), BNP precursor peptide (proBNP), N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP), Lipo-protein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), placental growth factor (PlGF), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), homocysteine (HCY), choline, ischemia modified albumin (IMA), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and myeloperoxidase (MPO),
wherein antibody 1) is suitable for determination of the amount of intact IGFBP-4+IGFBP-4 N-terminal fragment in the sample,
wherein said antibody 1) and antibody 2) combined are suitable for determination of the amount of intact IGFBP-4.

US Pat. No. 10,191,065

C PEPTIDE DETECTION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY

Quest Diagnostics Investm...

1. A method for determining the amount of C peptide in a sample by high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry, the method comprising:(a) subjecting a sample suspected of containing C peptide to solid phase extraction (SPE) to obtain a fraction enriched in C peptide;
(b) subjecting the enriched C peptide to an ionization source under conditions suitable to generate one or more C peptide ions detectable by mass spectrometry;
(c) determining the amount of one or more C peptide ions by high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry;
wherein the amount of ions determined in step (c) is related to the amount of a C peptide in said sample.

US Pat. No. 10,191,047

SENSOR INTEGRATION IN LATERAL FLOW IMMUNOASSAYS AND ITS APPLICATIONS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method comprising:determining a parameter of a sample in a lateral flow immunoassay device, and
determining a concentration of an analyte in the sample based on the determined parameter;
wherein:
the lateral immunoassay device comprises:
a) a solid support;
b) a sample portion for receiving the sample;
c) a conjugate portion comprising conjugate particulate material;
d) a diagnostic portion comprising a binder for the analyte in the sample;
e) an absorbent portion of absorbent material for providing capillary flow; and
f) at least one electrical sensor; and
the sample portion, conjugate portion, diagnostic portion, and absorbent portion are in capillary flow communication, whereby the sample flows across the binder in the diagnostic portion to provide contact between the sample and the binder;
wherein the at least one electrical sensor is connected to a processing unit that is configured to compute:
the parameter of the sample at the diagnostic portion using a signal provided by the at least one electrical sensor; and
the concentration of the analyte using (a) a signal generated from a binding of the binder and the analyte in the sample and (b) the parameter of the sample; and
wherein the at least one electrical sensor and the binder for the analyte are both placed on one side of the solid support, the at least one electrical sensor being located on a portion of the solid support different from the binder for the analyte.

US Pat. No. 10,191,036

SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AND REMOVING BIOLOGICAL ANALYTES IN FLUIDS

NUB4U, Inc., Huntsville,...

1. A fluid cleaning system comprising:a detector module for detecting the presence of one or more biological contaminants in a fluid, said detector module comprising:
a detector module housing having a fluid outlet;
one or more pairs of microcantilever sensors enclosed within said detector module housing, each said pair comprising a reference microcantilever sensor and a detection microcantilever sensor comprising a polymerized receptor, said polymerized receptor having an affinity with a biological contaminant of said one or more biological contaminants, said detection sensor configured to provide a detection signal in the presence of said one or more biological contaminants; and
a contaminant capture manifold enclosed within a contaminant capture housing having an inlet in fluid communication with, and downstream of said detector module outlet and comprising one or more stages, each said stage comprising a contaminant capture element each said contaminant capture element comprising one of a spiral ramp comprising said polymerized receptor, a cylindrical wall coated with said polymerized receptor, and a plurality of microbeads comprised of said polymerized receptor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,035

TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE FLUORESCENT PROBE FOR INTRODUCTION INTO CELL

KIRIN HOLDINGS KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for introducing a temperature-sensitive probe into a living cell, the method comprising the step of mixing the temperature-sensitive probe with said living cell in a solvent, wherein the temperature-sensitive probe comprises a copolymer, the copolymer comprising at least one thermoresponsive unit, a first fluorescent unit and a second fluorescent unit, and a cationic unit, wherein the first fluorescent unit and the second fluorescent unit each have a mutually different maximum fluorescence wavelengthwherein the copolymer comprises repeating units represented by formula (I), formula (II), formula (III), and formula (XIII):
wherein R1 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;R4 and R5 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-20 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, and aryl, or R4 and R5 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, in which the hetero ring may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, nitro, halogen atom, C1-10 alkylcarbonylamino, and arylcarbonylamino; andwherein R2 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;W is aromatic ring or —X1—C(?O)— (in which X1 is directly bonded to Q1);
X1 is O, S, or N—R11;
R11 is hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, or -Q1-Y, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
Q1 is independently selected from C1-20 alkylene, C3-20 alkenylene, or C3-20 alkynylene, in which the alkylene may be independently inserted into O, S, —O—P(?O)(—OH)—O—, or phenylene at one or more position(s);
Y is independently an ionic functional group capable of having one or more positive charges, and is selected from —N+R21R22R23Xe?, —C(?NR41)—NR42R43, and a group represented by the following formula:

Xe? and Xf? are counter anions;
R21, R22, and R23 are independently selected from C1-10 alkyl and C7-14 aralkyl, or R21 and R22 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring;
R24 is C1-10 alkyl or C7-14 aralkyl; and
R41, R42, and R43 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-10 alkyl, or R41 and R42 may be combined with the nitrogen and carbon atoms to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered hetero ring containing two nitrogen atoms, or R42 and R43 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, and
wherein R3 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;
X2 is O, S, or N—R12;
X3 is direct bond, O, S, SO, SO2, N(—R13), CON(—R16), N(—R16)CO, N(—R17)CON(—R18), SO2N(—R19), or N(—R19)SO2;
Q2 is selected from C1-20 alkylene, C3-20 alkenylene, or C3-20 alkynylene, in which O, S, or phenylene may be independently inserted into the alkylene at one or more position(s);
Ar is selected from a 6- to 18-membered aromatic carbocyclic group or a 5- to 18-membered aromatic heterocyclic group, in which the aromatic carbocyclic group and aromatic heterocyclic group may contain a fused ring, one or more ring(s) contained therein being aromatic ring(s), —CH2— existing in the aromatic carbocyclic group and the aromatic heterocyclic group as a ring atom may be optionally replaced with —C(O)—, and also the aromatic carbocyclic group and aromatic heterocyclic group may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, nitro, cyano, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl, carboxy, formyl, —NR6R7, and —SO2NR14R15 (in which alkyl contained in the C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, and C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, C1-6 alkylamino, di(C1-6 alkyl)amino, aryl, and carboxy);
R6 and R7 are independently selected from hydrogen atom, C1-10 alkyl, aryl, C1-10 alkylcarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, C1-10 alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, carbamoyl, N—(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, and N,N-di(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, in which alkyl contained in the C1-10 alkyl, C1-10 alkylcarbonyl, C1-10 alkylsulfonyl, N—(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, and N,N-di(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, C1-6 alkylamino, di(C1-6 alkyl)amino, aryl, and carboxy, and also aryl contained in the aryl, arylcarbonyl, and arylsulfonyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, and carboxy; or
R6 and R7 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, in which the hetero ring may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, nitro, halogen atom, C1-10 alkylcarbonylamino, and arylcarbonylamino;
R12 is hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, or -Q2-X3—Ar, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
R13 is hydrogen atom or C1-6 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
R14 and R15 are independently selected from hydrogen atom, and C1-6 alkyl; or R14 and R15 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring; and
R16, R17, R18, and R19 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl; and
wherein R55 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;
R51, R52, R53, and R54 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl;
X4 is direct bond, phenylene, -Q4-O—C(?O)— (in which Q4 is directly bonded to a boron dipyrromethene skeleton), or -Q4-N(R61)—C(?O)— (in which Q4 is directly bonded to a boron dipyrromethene skeleton);
R61 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl;
Q4 is selected from C1-20 alkylene, phenylene, and naphthylene, and the phenylene and naphthylene may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, and carboxy, and
wherein a, b, c, and d are numerals representing a ratio of each repeating unit in formula of more than 0, the sum of a and b being 100, b being 2 to 10.

US Pat. No. 10,191,024

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR SENSORS

Trane International Inc.,...

1. A method for reducing power consumption of a sensor, comprising:sensing a monitored gas in a local atmosphere by taking sensor readings at a sensing rate, wherein each sensor reading comprises an amount of individual samples;
determining if a predetermined condition has been met to change at least one of a sensing rate or the amount of individual samples comprising each sensor reading; and
changing the amount of individual samples comprising each sensor reading if it is determined that the predetermined condition has been met.

US Pat. No. 10,191,022

GAS IMAGER EMPLOYING AN ARRAY IMAGER PIXELS WITH ORDER FILTERS

UVIA GROUP LLC, Humacao,...

1. A gas detector comprising:a plurality of lenslets for a set of wavelengths, each lenslet with a circular blazed grating for diffraction of radiation to a focal plane;
a detector at the focal plane receiving radiation passing through the at least one lenslet for detection at a predetermined diffraction order; and,
a plurality of order filters associated with the plurality of lenslets to pass radiation at wavelengths corresponding to the predetermined diffraction order to the detector, each filter blocking a selected set of higher orders wherein the plurality of order filters is equal in number to the plurality of lenslets, each order filter associated with one lenslet of the plurality of lenslets to pass radiation at wavelengths corresponding to the predetermined order to associated pixels of the detector;
a controller receiving input from associated pixels associated for each of the plurality of order filters in the detector and having
a module adapted to deconvolve intensity, In, at the associated pixels in the detector for each of the plurality of order filters where n equals the number of order filters and
a second module to determine a presence of gas by a slope between true intensities at wavelengths of any two of the order filters exceeding a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,191,020

FLAME IONIZATION DETECTION BURNER ASSEMBLIES FOR USE IN COMPRESSIBLE FLUID-BASED CHROMATOGRAPHY SYSTEMS

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A burner assembly of a flame-based detector comprising:(1) a burner comprising a burner body having a fluid inlet for receiving combustion gases and a fluid outlet for delivering combustion gases to a flame position, the burner body defining a flow path extending from the fluid inlet to the flame position and having a longitudinal axis;
and
(2) a restrictor comprising a hollow body comprising a first end for receiving at least a portion of a mobile phase flow stream from a chromatography system and a second end for delivering the at least a portion of the mobile phase flow stream as a decompressed mobile phase flow stream to the burner; and
wherein during flame-based detection of one or more constituents of the at least a portion of the mobile phase flow stream:
at least the second end of the restrictor is inserted into the burner; and
the second end of the restrictor having a tip that is angled to deliver the decompressed mobile phase flow stream to the burner body flow path at an angle substantially non-parallel to the longitudinal axis of the burner.

US Pat. No. 10,191,008

GAS SENSOR WITH SOLID ELECTROLYTE HAVING WATER VAPOR DIFFUSION BARRIER COATING

Life Safety Distribution ...

1. A gas sensor comprising:(a) a housing;
(b) a ceramic substrate having a capillary extending through the ceramic substrate, and at least one of a sensing electrode, a reference electrode, or a counter electrode disposed on a first surface;
(c) solid electrolyte in contact with the at least one of the sensing electrode, the reference electrode, or the counter electrode;
(d) a barrier coating disposed over the solid elect wherein the barrier coating encapsulates the at least one of the sensing electrode, the reference electrode, or the counter electrode and the solid electrolyte, wherein the barrier coating comprises a layer of silicone and a layer of parylene, wherein the layer of parylene is on the outer surface of the layer of silicone, wherein the layer of silicone directly covers the solid electrolyte.

US Pat. No. 10,191,000

STABLE NANOCRYSTALLINE ORDERING ALLOY SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF IDENTIFYING SAME

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An alloy comprising:a mixture of a solute element and a solvent element, the mixture having a phase including at least one of a stable nanocrystalline phase, a metastable nanocrystalline phase, and a non-nanocrystalline phase,
the phase having a first thermodynamic parameter associated with grain boundary segregation of the alloy system, a second thermodynamic parameter associated with phase separation of the alloy system, and a third thermodynamic parameter associated with intermetallic compound formation of the alloy system,
wherein the phase is stable when the first thermodynamic parameter, the second thermodynamic parameter, and the third thermodynamic parameter are within a predetermined region of a stability map of the alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,190,993

INSPECTION OF SEAL FOR HIGH ALTITUDE BALLOONS

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A method for inspecting first translucent material, the method comprising:placing the first translucent material on a surface, the surface included a first layer of second translucent material and a second layer including a reflective surface;
arranging a movable light source over the first translucent material the movable light source includes a housing having an open end, a closed end, and one or more sidewalls arranged between the open end and the closed end, the closed end including an image sensor;
using the movable light source to provide light to the reflective surface such that light from the movable light source is reflected from the reflective surface and through the second translucent material in order to backlight the first translucent material; and
using the image sensor to capture the reflected light in order to inspect the first translucent material.

US Pat. No. 10,190,984

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ANALYZING A SAMPLE AND FOR MONITORING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN OPTICAL SIGNAL DETECTOR

GEN-PROBE INCORPORATED, ...

1. An assay instrument comprising:a first fluorometer comprising a first detection channel having a first light source and a first sensor, the first detection channel being configured to emit and focus light generated by the first light source at a first detection zone, and to receive and focus light on the first sensor;
a carrier comprising a first non-fluorescent surface portion, defining a recess, and configured to support a first receptacle, wherein the carrier and the first fluorometer are movable relative to each other among at least (i) a first position at which a portion of the first receptacle is in the first detection zone, (ii) a second position at which the first non-fluorescent surface portion of the carrier is in the first detection zone, and (iii) a third position at which the recess is in the first detection zone; and
a controller operatively coupled to the first fluorometer and configured to:
determine a characteristic of a sample contained within the first receptacle based on a first measured intensity of light focused on the first sensor while the carrier is at the first position, and
determine an operational performance status of the first fluorometer based on at least one of (i) a second measured intensity of light focused on the first sensor while the carrier is at the second position and (ii) a third measured intensity of light focused on the first sensor while the carrier is at the third position.

US Pat. No. 10,190,983

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR FLUORESCENCE LIFETIME IMAGING WITH PULSED LIGHT

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) a light source illuminating a scene with a signal of pulsed light that is pulsed non-periodically;
(b) a time-of-flight sensor taking measurements of light incident on the sensor, which incident light includes pulsed light that has reflected from the scene and includes fluorescent light that has been emitted by fluorescent material in the scene in response to the pulsed light; and
(c) one or more computers performing calculations that include, for each given pixel in a set of pixels in the time-of-flight sensor
(i) calculating a vector of complex numbers by performing a Discrete Fourier Transform on measurements taken by the given pixel, such that each of the complex numbers, respectively,
(A) encodes phase and amplitude of light incident at the given pixel, and
(B) is calculated based on measurements taken during a temporal portion of the signal, which temporal portion does not correspond to any other complex number in the vector, and
(ii) calculating, based on phase of the complex numbers, fluorescence lifetime of a scene point that corresponds to the given pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,981

MULTIMODE SPECTROSCOPY APPARATUSES AND METHODS

THE GOVERNING COUNCIL OF ...

1. A surface plasmon resonance assembly for multimode spectroscopy, the assembly comprising:a surface plasmon resonance sensor;
a metallic grating coupled to the surface plasmon resonance sensor configured to excite a plurality of resonances modes in the surface plasmon resonance sensor, the resonance modes comprising:
a first resonance mode for surface sensing, in response to light of a first wavelength;
a second resonance mode for surface sensing, in response to light of the first wavelength; and
a third resonance mode for bulk sensing, in response to light of a second wavelength;
wherein the first, second, and third resonance modes are associated with at least two different polarizations.

US Pat. No. 10,190,977

METHOD OF MEASUREMENT OF MULTILAYER STRUCTURES

LUMETRICS, INC., Rochest...

1. A method of identifying the material composition of each layer in a multilayer structure comprising m layers where m is an integer greater than 1, the method comprising the steps of:a) providing an interferometer apparatus with a low-coherence tunable light source;
b) aligning a portion of the multilayer structure with respect to a measurement region of the interferometer apparatus;
c) using the interferometer apparatus to observe layers in the multilayer structure, and to measure the optical thickness of each of the observed layers in the multilayer structure as a function of center wavelength of the low-coherence tunable light source;
d) determining the number of layers m in the multilayer structure by setting m equal to the maximum number of observed layers measured using the low coherence interferometer as a function of center wavelength of the low-coherence tunable light source;
e) calculating normalized group index of refraction dispersion curves for each of the m layers in the multilayer structure by selecting one center wavelength of the tunable light source as a reference wavelength and calculating the ratio of the measured optical thickness at each measurement wavelength to that measured at the selected reference wavelength for each of the m layers in the multilayer structure; and
f) for each of the m layers, identifying the material composition for that layer by comparing its calculated normalized group index of refraction dispersion curve to a reference data base of known materials group index of refraction dispersion curves and finding the best fit material for that layer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,976

SCANNING IR SENSOR FOR GAS SAFETY AND EMISSIONS MONITORING

MultiSensor Scientific, I...

1. A method for characterizing the mass flow of hydrocarbon gas emissions of a hydrocarbon of interest from an aperture or surface, the hydrocarbon of interest being at a substantially known or measured pressure prior to being emitted from the aperture or surface, the method comprising:a. obtaining a differential absorption image of the gas emissions using a multispectral imaging sensor comprising
i. plural discrete photo-detectors, each responsive to light in a wavelength range of 1.0 to 2.6 microns, each photo-detector having a respective electronic read-out circuit for providing respective outputs,
ii. plural spectral filters, each spectral filter substantially covering a respective photo-detector and being transmissive to light of wavelengths spanned by a spectral feature of a hydrocarbon compound of interest,
iii. an optical element for gathering and focusing incident illumination at least in a wavelength range of 1.0 to 2.6 microns through each of the plural spectral filters and onto the respective discrete photo-detector for the discrete photo-detectors to sense the filtered incident illumination;
iv. a scanning actuator for causing the incident illumination to be received in a two-dimensional scan pattern,
v. at least one signal integration and conversion circuit in communication with the read-out circuits for selectively integrating, amplifying, and digitizing the read-out circuit outputs,
vi. at least one scan control circuit in communication with the scanning actuator for controlling the scanning actuator and the at least one signal integration and conversion circuit for generating, by the at least one signal integration and conversion circuit, a sequence of two-dimensional data elements from the integrated, amplified, and digitized read-out circuit outputs for each of multiple spectral bands in coordination with the scan pattern, and
vii. a processor in communication with the at least one signal integration and conversion circuit for
I. receiving the generated data elements and a value representative of a distance between the photo-detectors and a reflective calibration target for calibrating the data elements of each spectral band relative to data elements associated with a spectral feature of a hydrocarbon compound of interest, by determining calibration parameters comprising
a). a dark level offset for each spectral band,
b). a relative gain for data elements of interest between spectral bands, and
c). a relative absorption coefficient for each spectral band characterizing the local atmosphere across multiple spectral bands, and
II. adapting the relative gain across spectral bands, using the generated data elements and the calibration parameters, to spectral reflectivities of background materials within the environment, and determining a differential optical depth among spectral bands for assessing absorption by hydrocarbons along said scan pattern; and
b. estimating the diameter of a substantially round aperture from which the hydrocarbon gas is emitted or the mass flow rate of said hydrocarbon of interest based upon at least one of
i. a relationship between the average differential optical depth along the gas jet extrapolated to the vertex of the gas jet and the substantially known or measured pressure with respect to the diameter or area of the aperture from which the hydrocarbon gas is emitted,
ii. a relationship between the substantially known or measured pressure and the mass flow of the hydrocarbon gas emitted from the aperture of inferred diameter or area,
iii. a relationship between the differential optical depth and the mass flow per unit area of the hydrocarbon gas emitted from a surface of limited extent under a substantially steady wind of measured speed and direction,
iv. a relationship between the differential optical depth, a rate of change of the differential optical depth, and a mass flow per unit area of the hydrocarbon gas emitted from the surface of limited extent under a substantially steady wind of measured speed and direction following a wind gust, and
v. a relationship between the differential optical depth derived at a height H above a wide-area surface from which the hydrocarbon gas is emitted and the mass flow per unit area of the hydrocarbon gas emitted from the surface under the influence of buoyancy.

US Pat. No. 10,190,973

INTEGRATED ULTRAVIOLET ANALYZER

Sensor Electronic Technol...

1. An ultraviolet analyzer cell comprising:an ultraviolet photodetector;
a solid state light source configured to emit ultraviolet light, wherein at least some ultraviolet light emitted by the solid state light source passes through an analyzer active gap and irradiates a light sensing surface of the ultraviolet photodetector, wherein the ultraviolet photodetector and the solid state light source are monolithically integrated; and
an insulating layer covering exposed surfaces of the analyzer active gap, wherein the insulating layer is transparent to the ultraviolet light emitted by the solid state light source, and wherein the insulating layer only partially fills the analyzer active gap.

US Pat. No. 10,190,971

ANALYZING COLOR OF COLOR ALLOY USING REFLECTANCE

Korea Institute of Indust...

1. A method for analyzing a color of a color alloy using reflectance, wherein the method comprises:charging a measurement object and a reference object into a sample charging unit of a spectrophotometer;
emitting light to the reference object and to the measurement object, using a light source of the spectrophotometer, and reflecting the same;
measuring wavelength-wise reflectance while changing a wavelength of the light, which is directed from the light source to the measurement object and to the reference object, by a detection unit of the spectrophotometer;
calculating an absolute value of difference between wavelength-wise reflectance measured from the measurement object and from the reference object, as a deviation value, and calculating an average value thereof, in an operation unit;
dividing the average value by the wavelength-wise reflectance of the reference object, thereby obtaining a mean deviation ratio of reflectance; and
comparing the mean deviation ratio with a preset reference value, thereby determining whether the colors of the measurement object and the reference object are same or not by an operation unit,
wherein, in determining whether the colors are same or not by an operation unit, when the value of the mean deviation ratio is less than the preset reference value the colors are determined to be same by the operation unit, whereas when the value of the mean deviation ratio is equal to or higher than the preset reference value the colors are determined not to be same by the operation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,969

FLUID ANALYZER WITH MODULATION FOR LIQUIDS AND GASES

Redshift Bioanalytics, In...

1. A method of measuring a property of a fluid, comprising:creating adjacent spatial regions of a first fluid and a second fluid in a fluidic channel of a fluidic flow cell;
moving a boundary region separating the first fluid and second fluid through an interrogation region in the fluidic channel such that the interrogation region sequentially contains predominately the first fluid in a first time interval and primarily the second fluid in a second time interval;
illuminating with an optical source the interrogation region to create an interrogation signal from the interaction of the optical source signal and the first and second fluid within the interrogation region;
measuring a time varying interrogation signal with a transducer; and
processing the time varying interrogation signal to determine a first property of the first fluid or a second property of the second fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,190,967

FATIGUE CRACKING MACHINE FOR CIRCUMFERENTIAL NOTCHED TENSILE SPECIMENS

Kuwait Institute for Scie...

1. A fatigue cracking machine for circumferential notched tensile (CNT) specimens, comprising:a platform;
a motor securely mounted on the platform, the motor including a motor shaft;
a bearing support securely mounted on the platform;
a holding bearing mounted in the bearing support;
an elongate holding cylinder defining a blind bore, the holding cylinder having a first end coupled to the motor shaft and a second end journaled into the holding bearing, the blind bore having an opening in the second end of the holding cylinder configured for receiving a first end of a CNT specimen into the blind bore;
a bearing support block securely mounted on the platform;
a load fork having a pair of tines defining a first end of the load fork and a shaft extending from the tines, the shaft having an end defining the second end of the load fork, the shaft being slidable within the bearing support block;
a load bearing mounted between the tines of the load fork;
an elongate load cylinder defining a blind bore, the load cylinder having a first end journaled into the load bearing for rotation therewith in alignment with the holding cylinder, the load cylinder having a second end, the blind bore having an opening defined in the second end of the load cylinder configured for receiving a second end of the CNT specimen into the blind bore;
an adjustment bolt threadable in and out of the bearing support block to bear against the end of the shaft, the adjustment bolt adjusting displacement of the load fork;
a support post rigidly mounted on the platform; and
an indicator mounted on the support post, the indicator having a plunger bearing against the load bearing, the indicator being configured to measure displacement of the load bearing;
wherein the machine forms a crack in the CNT specimen through a plane extending through the circumferential notch when the specimen is supported by the holding cylinder and the load cylinder with the circumferential notch aligned with the second end of the holding cylinder and the motor is activated to rotate the motor shaft and the adjustment bolt is threaded into the bearing support block to displace the load fork to apply a bending force to the CNT specimen, the displacement being measured by the indicator to monitor initiation and propagation of the crack.

US Pat. No. 10,190,930

MICRO FEEDBACK-CHAMBER SENSOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SUCH SENSOR

Mei-Yen Lee, Hsin Chu (T...

1. A micro feedback-chamber sensor, comprising:a semiconductor base having a sensing circuit;
a bonding structure layer formed on the semiconductor base; and
a sensing member chip having a low-resistance semiconductor body, a first end portion and a second end portion, wherein the semiconductor body has free-standing silicon (Si) posts, the first end portion is formed with at least one sensing member structure, the second end portion is connected to the semiconductor base through the bonding structure layer, a micro feedback-chamber structure is formed among the at least one sensing member structure, the semiconductor base and the semiconductor body, and the at least one sensing member structure is electrically connected to the sensing circuit through the free-standing Si posts, wherein:
the at least one sensing member structure and the micro feedback-chamber structure collaboratively react to an externally inputted physical signal to generate a sensing signal outputted to the sensing circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,915

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR CALIBRATING PYROMETERS IN THERMAL PROCESSING CHAMBERS

Mattson Technology, Inc.,...

1. A process for determining a temperature dependent optical characteristic of a substrate, comprising:placing a substrate made of semiconductor material within a thermal processing chamber, the thermal processing chamber comprising a heating source and at least one coherent light source;
emitting light energy from the at least one coherent light source;
while emitting the light energy from the at least one coherent light source, altering the coherence of the light energy emitted from the at least one coherent light source to generate light energy of altered coherence such that the light energy has an altered spatial coherence by altering a phase of electromagnetic field oscillations across the profile of the light energy emitted from the coherent light source;
detecting, with at least one light detector, the amount of light energy of altered coherence that is transmitted through or reflected from the substrate;
determining a temperature dependent optical characteristic of the substrate based on the detected light energy; and
calibrating a temperature measurement system based at least in part on the temperature dependent optical characteristic.

US Pat. No. 10,190,910

OPTICAL FILTER AND SPECTROMETER

VIAVI Solutions Inc., Sa...

1. An optical filter comprising:a first thin film wedged interference coating deposited on a medium of the optical filter; and
a second thin film wedged interference coating deposited on the medium of the optical filter,
where the first thin film wedged interference coating is deposited on a first side of the medium and the second thin film wedged interference coating is deposited on a second, opposite side of the medium with respect to an optical path of a beam of light, or
the medium is located between the first thin film wedged interference coating and the second thin film wedged interference coating, and
where the medium is a single common substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,190,898

PHYSICAL-QUANTITY DETECTION DEVICE

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A physical quantity detection device that detects a plurality of physical quantities of a measuring target gas flowing in a main passage, comprising:a housing that is disposed in the main passage;
a printed circuit board that is formed to be inserted in the housing;
a plurality of detection sensors that are mounted on one surface and the other surface of the printed circuit board;
a first bypass passage through which the measuring target gas is taken in from a first bypass passage inlet opened to the housing, and the measuring target gas is discharged from a first bypass passage outlet opened to the housing;
a second bypass passage through which the measuring target gas is taken in from a second bypass passage inlet opened to the housing, and the measuring target gas is discharged from a second bypass passage outlet opened to the housing, wherein
at least one detection sensor among the plurality of detection sensors is disposed in the first bypass passage, and at least one detection sensor different from the detection sensor is disposed in the second bypass passage,
the printed circuit board includes
a detection sensor surface region in one surface of the printed circuit board in which the detection sensor is disposed, and
a circuit component surface region in which circuit components other than the detection sensor are disposed,
a facing surface region is provided in another surface of the printed circuit board adjacent to the circuit component surface region, and
at least a part of the facing surface region among the other surface of the printed circuit board is exposed to the second bypass passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,896

ULTRASONIC FLOW SENSOR AND METHOD OF ATTACHING THE SAME

KEYENCE CORPORATION, Osa...

1. An ultrasonic flow sensor comprising:a first sensor unit including a first ultrasonic device which performs at least one of transmission of ultrasonic waves to a fluid flowing in piping or reception of ultrasonic waves from the fluid flowing in the piping;
a second sensor unit including a second ultrasonic device which performs at least the other one of transmission of ultrasonic waves to a fluid flowing in the piping or reception of ultrasonic waves from the fluid flowing in the piping;
a calculation part configured to calculate a flow rate of the fluid in the piping by obtaining a time difference between times required for ultrasonic waves to propagate from an upstream side to a downstream side and from the downstream side to the upstream side of the fluid flowing in the piping based on output signals from the first ultrasonic device and the second ultrasonic device;
a first fitting configured to accommodate the first sensor unit and fix the first sensor unit to the piping, the first fitting including a first position regulating portion configured to come into contact with an outer peripheral surface of the piping so as to align orientation of the first ultrasonic device with respect to the second ultrasonic device in an axial direction of the piping when viewing in a radial direction of the piping and a first housing portion configured to accommodate the first sensor unit from the opposite side of the piping with respect to the first position regulating portion; and
a second fitting configured to accommodate the second sensor unit and fix the second sensor unit to the piping, the second fitting including a second position regulating portion configured to come into contact with the outer peripheral surface of the piping so as to align orientation of the second ultrasonic device with respect to the first ultrasonic device in the axial direction of the piping when viewing in the radial direction of the piping, and a second housing portion configured to accommodate the second sensor unit from the opposite side of the piping with respect to the second position regulating portion,
wherein the first and second fittings further include: a pair of first and second arm portions extending from one of the first housing portion and the second housing portion to the other to regulate the relative position between the first housing portion and the second housing portion in a circumferential direction of the piping on both sides of a plane including the axial line of the piping, the first ultrasonic device, and the second ultrasonic device; and a guide portion formed at least on the arm portions and configured to guide relative positioning between the first fitting and the second fitting in the axial direction of the piping according to a diameter of the piping.

US Pat. No. 10,190,884

NAVIGATION SYSTEM, POI PRESENTATION METHOD, POI PRESENTATION PROGRAM, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Toyota Mapmaster Incorpor...

1. A navigation system comprising:a search unit configured to search for a route to a destination;
an acquisition unit configured to acquire a current position of a vehicle;
a storage unit configured to store map information including information on a plurality of POIs;
a collection unit configured to collect one or more types of popularity information for specifying a popularity level indicating a level of popularity of each POI;
a calculation unit configured to calculate the popularity level of each POI on the basis of the popularity information collected by the collection unit;
a specification unit configured to specify the POI having high popularity levels which are located within a predetermined distance from the route searched for by the search unit; and
a presentation unit configured to present one POI specified by the specification unit before traveling near the corresponding POI,
wherein the calculation unit calculates the popularity level on the basis of a deviation value which is calculated on the basis of the one or more types of popularity information and popularity information on other POIs included within a first predetermined range from the corresponding POI,
the calculation unit extends the first predetermined range to include a predetermined number of other POIs and calculates the deviation value when the predetermined number or more of other POIs are not present within the first predetermined range;
the collection unit collects distance information to a road of the corresponding POI as one piece of the one or more types of popularity information,
the calculation unit calculates the popularity level additionally on the basis of the distance information; and
the calculation unit calculates the popularity level on the basis of a probability value which is set such that the popularity level decreases as a distance to the road of the corresponding POI increases and the popularity level increases as the distance decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,190,871

PRECISION POSITIONING SYSTEM USING A WAVELENGTH TUNABLE LASER

Zygo Corporation, Middle...

1. A method for determining a characteristic of a test cavity, the method comprising:for each of a plurality of optical frequencies within a bandwidth of a tunable laser, measuring interference signals from the test cavity and a reference cavity having a known characteristic;
determining values for the plurality of optical frequencies from the measured interference signals of the reference cavity and the known characteristic of the reference cavity, and
determining the characteristic of the test cavity using the determined values of the plurality of optical frequencies,
wherein measuring the interference signals comprises sweeping through the plurality of optical frequencies within the bandwidth of the tunable laser as a function of time and measuring the interference signals for both the test cavity and the reference cavity for each of multiple, different times during the sweeping so that the measured signals for the test and reference cavities at each of the multiple, different times correspond to different ones of the plurality of optical frequencies within the bandwidth of the tunable laser.

US Pat. No. 10,190,870

OPTICAL DISPLACEMENT SENSOR ELEMENT

Sintef TTO AS, Trondheim...

1. An optical displacement sensor comprising:a first at least partially reflective surface and a second surface having at least three diffractive patterns, the first and second surfaces being provided on elements, wherein at least one of said elements is moveable to change a distance between the elements, so that the elements have a variable distance between them, wherein the partially reflective surface defines respective pairs together with each diffractive pattern, each of said pairs defining a respective cavity between them, each cavity having a respective cavity length;
at least one light source transmitting light in at least one chosen wavelength range into said cavities; and
at least one light detector receiving light from the cavities, wherein each pair is adapted to provide a maximum diffractive efficiency at chosen wavelengths within said range, said diffractive patterns being adapted to direct light toward at least one detector provided in a known position relative to said diffractive patterns, the detector being adapted to measure the diffraction efficiency phase corresponding to each pair, thereby producing three or more signals which collectively allow measurement of a displacement between the first and second surfaces that is independent of an intensity of the light source;
wherein the pairs provide phase offsets of 0, 2?/3 and 4?/3, respectively at the chosen wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,190,861

MEASURING DEVICE AND RELATED METHODS

Delcam Limited, Birmingh...

1. A non-transitory machine-readable medium encoding instructions for controlling a measuring device arranged to take measurements of a part using one or more probes, wherein the instructions, when executed by a processing apparatus, cause the processing apparatus to perform operations comprising:determining first positions along an edge region of the part, wherein each of the first positions is a position at which a surface touch measurement is to be performed by moving at least one probe tip of the one or more probes into contact with a surface of the part;
receiving surface touch measurements along the edge region of the part in response to the measuring device being instructed to move at least one probe tip of the one or more probes into contact with the surface of the part at each of the first positions;
calculating second positions along the edge region of the part based on the surface touch measurements along the edge region of the part, wherein each of the second positions is a position at which an edge measurement is to be performed by moving at least one probe tip of the one or more probes into contact with an edge of the part; and
providing the second positions to instruct the measuring device to move at least one probe tip of the one or more probes into contact with the edge of the part at each of the second positions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,858

GUN MAGAZINE POUCH ASSEMBLY

1. An assembly for supporting gun magazines comprising:a plurality of pouches, each of said pouches connectable in articulating relationship with another of said pouches by at least one post portion defining a pivot axis about which at least one post receiving portion of a pouch is pivotable, each of said pouches comprising a housing portion adapted to receive a gun magazine therein and each of said housing portions comprising a strap adapter portion constructed and arranged to receive an elongate flexible strap member that is attachable to and detachable from a human body.

US Pat. No. 10,190,856

COMPOSITE PROJECTILE AND CARTRIDGE WITH COMPOSITE PROJECTILE

EINSTEIN NOODLES, LLC, C...

11. A projectile comprising:a toughened polymer resin; and
a particulate filler distributed through the toughened polymer resin, the particulate filler having a density greater than a density of the toughened polymer resin;
wherein the particulate filler is 70 to 80 percent by weight of the total projectile composition.

US Pat. No. 10,190,846

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A WEAPON DETECTOR

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC., S...

1. A method performed by a detector for detecting at least one of removal and insertion of a firearm into and from a holster, the method comprising:responsive to detecting a first activation of a control, entering a test mode;
responsive to detecting a third activation of the control, entering a reset mode;
while in the test mode:
detecting a first characteristic of a signal provided by a sensor that indicates insertion of the firearm in the holster;
detecting a second characteristic of the signal provided by the sensor that indicates removal of the firearm from the holster; and
responsive to detecting a second activation of the control, entering a field mode;
while in the field mode:
responsive to detecting the second characteristic of the signal provided by the sensor, transmitting a message; and
while in the reset mode:
resetting an operation of the detector; and
entering the test mode.

US Pat. No. 10,190,828

HEAT EXCHANGERS

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A heat exchanger, comprising:a first half defining a first inlet portion and a first outlet portion;
a second half defining a second inlet portion and a second outlet portion, wherein the first half and the second half are configured to mate and form an inlet chamber and an outlet chamber, wherein at least one of the first half or the second half includes one or more inlet transfer holes defined through a thickness of at least one of the first inlet portion and/or the second inlet portion, wherein at least one of the first half or the second half includes one or more outlet transfer holes defined through a thickness of at least one of the first outlet portion or the second outlet portion;
one or more transfer tubes including an inlet end and an outlet end, wherein each transfer tube is connected to the one or more inlet transfer holes at the inlet end thereof, wherein each transfer tube is connected to the one or more outlet transfer holes at the outlet end thereof, wherein the inlet chamber and outlet chamber are fluidly isolated from each other such that fluid cannot pass between first half and second half such that the inlet chamber and outlet chamber are only fluidly connected to each other through the one or more transfer tubes, wherein each half further comprises a plurality of fastener flanges extending therefrom configured to receive a fastener to secure the first half to the second half, wherein the first half and second half include double semicircular halves.

US Pat. No. 10,190,809

ACCUMULATOR

FUJIKOKI CORPORATION, To...

1. An accumulator comprising:a tank having an inflow port and an outflow port therein, the tank having a depth in an axial direction and being configured to store a liquid inside including liquid phase refrigerant and oil accumulated in the tank;
an outflow pipe arranged in the tank in alignment with the outflow port; and
lines of first protrusions formed to run spirally or straight in the axial direction around an outer peripheral surface of the outflow pipe within an axial range extensive along the outflow pipe within which a phase surface separating the liquid-phase refrigerant and the oil accumulated in the tank of the accumulator is located.

US Pat. No. 10,190,807

EXPANSION VALVE

TGK CO., LTD., Tokyo (JP...

11. An expansion valve for use in a refrigeration cycle, for throttling and expanding a refrigerant flowing from an upstream side and supplying the expanded refrigerant to an evaporator, the expansion valve comprising:a body having an inlet port through which the refrigerant is introduced from the upstream side, an outlet port through which the refrigerant is delivered to a downstream side, a valve hole through which the inlet port and the outlet port communicate with each other, an insertion hole formed coaxially with the valve hole, and a downstream-side passage intersecting at right angle with the valve hole and the insertion hole and through which the valve hole and the outlet port communicate with each other;
a valve element configured to move toward and away from the valve hole to close and open a valve section;
a drive unit provided on the body and configured to generate a drive force for opening or closing the valve section;
a shaft slidably extending through the insertion hole, having a first end connected to the drive unit and a second end connected to the valve element through the downstream-side passage and the valve hole, and being configured to transmit the drive force of the drive unit to the valve element; and
a wall member provided in the downstream-side passage,
wherein the downstream-side passage includes a small-diameter part to which the valve hole and the insertion hole are open, and a large-diameter part to which a pipe leading to the evaporator is connected,
wherein the wall member has a shield part partially covering a downstream end of the small-diameter part, the shield part having a height of 2 mm or larger in a radial direction of the small-diameter part from a projected position of an opening of the insertion hole at the downstream end of the small-diameter part and a width equal to or larger than a radius of the shaft,
wherein the shield part of the wall member does not cover at least a range of projection of an opening of the valve hole at the downstream end of the small-diameter part,
wherein the wall member is a plate member, and
wherein the plate member has an undulating surface over at least a portion of the periphery thereof, the undulating surface having a plurality of crest portions which contact the large-diameter part and a plurality of recessed portions spaced inwardly from the crest portions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,806

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRONIC EXPANSION VALVE IN A REFRIGERANT CIRCUIT

RHEEM MANUFACTURING COMPA...

1. A method of controlling a refrigerant-based air conditioning circuit having a compressor, a condenser coil, an electronic expansion valve and an evaporator coil fluid coupled in series, said method comprising the steps of:providing an expansion valve control;
providing a unit control;
transmitting to said expansion valve control only signal information relating to operation of said compressor and operation of one of said condenser coil and said evaporator coil, wherein said compressor has a plurality of operational stages and wherein said step of transmitting to said expansion valve control is performed by causing said unit control to transmit to said expansion valve control only a first signal indicative of a run state of said compressor and a second signal indicative of an operational stage of the plurality of operational stages of said compressor; and
controlling said electronic expansion valve by transmitting from said expansion valve control to said electronic expansion valve a control signal related in a predetermined manner to said signal information.

US Pat. No. 10,190,787

HUMIDIFICATION AND AIR CLEANING APPARATUS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A humidification and air cleaning apparatus comprising:a water tank to store water, the water tank comprising a bottom wall and a side wall extending upward from the bottom wall;
an air wash inlet formed at the side wall to communicate with the inside and outside of the water tank;
a water tank humidification medium housing located inside the wall or in the air wash inlet, the water tank humidification housing being detachably mounted to the water tank; and
a water tank humidification medium formed of a water absorbent material to humidify air passing through the air wash inlet, the water tank humidification medium being disposed in the water tank humidification medium housing,
wherein the water tank humidification medium covers the air wash inlet,
wherein the water tank humidification medium includes a lower end and an upper end, the lower end being spaced apart from a water surface of the water tank.

US Pat. No. 10,190,785

DUST REMOVING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REMOVING DUST

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A dust removing device comprising:a dust position estimator which estimates a position of a dusty area in which dust is present;
an air blow determiner which determines, based on the estimated position of the dusty area, an air blow mode which causes a predetermined airflow in the dusty area;
an air blower which performs an air blowing to cause airflow in the determined air blowing mode; and
an air intake which draws in air from a space in which the air blowing is performed,
wherein the air blowing mode includes a first air blowing mode, in which the air blower causes a first airflow to disperse dust, and a second air blowing mode, in which the air blower causes a second airflow, different from the first airflow, to lead the dispersed dust to the air intake,
in the first air blowing mode, the air blower causes the first airflow and the air intake does not draw in air, and
in the second air blowing mode, which is performed after the first air blowing mode is performed, the air blower causes the second airflow and the air intake draws in air, with the dispersed dust, from the space.

US Pat. No. 10,190,783

CONVECTION COOKING APPLIANCE WITH CIRCULAR AIR FLOW SYSTEM

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A method of recirculating air in an oven cavity of a cooking appliance comprising:drawing a flow of air from adjacent one side wall of the oven cavity into an intake of a convection cover mounted to a rear wall of the oven cavity, wherein the convection cover spans at least a majority of the rear wall of the oven cavity and includes a first end portion that spans at least 75% of the overall height of the oven cavity and a second end portion that narrows relative to the first end portion to span less than 55% of the overall height of the oven cavity;
directing the flow of air through a tapering duct defined between the convection cover and the rear wall to a plurality of exhaust ports provided in the convection cover adjacent an opposing side wall of the oven cavity;
directing the flow of air out of the plurality of exhaust ports and along the opposing side wall toward a door of the oven cavity; and
re-directing the flow of air along the door and the one side wall back to the intake, thereby establishing a single, circular convection airflow pattern through the oven cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,190,781

REMOVABLE OVEN FOR GRILL

1. A removable oven for use on a cooking grill comprising:a cooking chamber formed in a high temperature housing sitting on the cooking grill, said high temperature housing comprising a closed top, an open bottom and at least one side wall;
a chimney positioned over a chimney opening formed in said closed top;
a shutterable perforated diffuser pan positioned on the cooking grill inside said open bottom;
at least one adjustable stand fixed to said shutterable perforated diffuser pan;
a cooking plate supported by said at least one adjustable stand;
a handle fixed to said high temperature housing to swing said high temperature housing up to expose said cooking plate and at least a portion of said shutterable perforated diffuser pan.

US Pat. No. 10,190,780

DOOR FOR A HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE, AND HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE HAVING A DOOR

1. A door for a household appliance, comprising:a plate-type base part,
a handle arranged on the base part and including a movable handle part,
a coupling apparatus connected to the handle part and configured to pivot the handle part relative to the base part as a function of a movement of the door, said coupling apparatus comprising a coupling rod arranged on the handle part, a return spring arranged on the coupling rod, and a single-run cable pull having an end which faces the handle part and is connected to the coupling rod, and
a locking mechanism configured to limit a movement of the coupling rod.

US Pat. No. 10,190,779

GAS BURNER, GAS BURNER ARRANGEMENT AND COOKING ZONE

1. A gas burner configured to be mounted on for a cooktop, comprising:a contact surface configured to come into surface contact with a cooktop plate of the cooktop;
a thermal element having a housing, the housing of the thermal element having a pair of flanges; and
a holding device having a thermal element receiving slot including a laterally facing opening for allowing the thermal element to be pushed into the thermal element receiving slot in a direction laterally parallel to the contact surface,
wherein the holding device of the gas burner includes a side flank on an inner vertical surface of the thermal element receiving slot and extending around the thermal element receiving slot from a first edge of the laterally facing opening to a second edge of the laterally facing opening such that the side flank directly contacts an inner surface of each flange of the pair of flanges.

US Pat. No. 10,190,778

COOKING HOB GAS BURNER

1. An improved gas burner, comprising:an injector holder (2) configured to be fixed to a sheet metal (8) of a cooking hob, the injection holder being provided on its base with an injector (10);
a burner body (14) resting on said injector holder (2), a circumferential passage being defined between said burner body and said injection holder for entry of primary air intended to form a combustion mixture with gas leaving said injector (10); and
a cover (28), formed from a single piece of drawn sheet metal, positioned on said burner body (14),
wherein said cover comprises a first circumferential flange (30) provided with a plurality of elongated apertures (32, 40) of essentially vertical extension, for passage of the combustion mixture which generates a ring of main flames (34),
wherein a radial venturi effect chamber (36) is defined in an interspace between said cover and an upper surface of said burner body, said radial venturi effect chamber having a wider end facing said elongated apertures,
wherein said burner body further comprises an annular band (22) extending upwardly from an outer circumferential edge of said burner body,
wherein a second circumferential flange extends downward from said first circumferential flange toward said burner body, said first circumferential flange extending radially more than said second circumferential flange so that the second circumferential flange is concentric to, and radially interior to, the annular band, and
wherein a plurality of first small apertures (24) are defined in said second circumferential flange for the passage of the combustion mixture to feed an annular stabilization flame (26) for the ring of main flames, said first small apertures being positioned axially below a lower surface of said first circumferential flange,
whereby said annular stabilization flame is formed in an annular space defined by said lower surface of said first circumferential flange, said second circumferential flange, and said annular band, and
whereby said plurality of first small apertures is hidden from view by said annular band.

US Pat. No. 10,190,774

FUEL NOZZLE WITH FLEXIBLE SUPPORT STRUCTURES

General Electric Company,...

1. A fuel nozzle apparatus, comprising:an annular injection ring disposed coaxially along a centerline axis and having a circumferential fuel gallery therein, and including a radial array of fuel orifices communicating with the fuel gallery;
an annular ring support disposed coaxially along the centerline axis and radially inward of the annular injection ring;
and a support arm interconnecting the annular ring support and the annular injection ring,
wherein a forward portion of the support arm joins the annular ring support at a forward junction and an aft portion of the support arm extends axially aft of the forward portion to join the annular injection ring at an aft junction,
wherein the forward portion extends in a radially outward direction and the aft portion extends in a radially inward direction,
wherein the annular injection ring is cantilevered from the annular ring support by way of the support arm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,773

ATTACHMENT STUD ON A COMBUSTOR FLOATWALL PANEL WITH INTERNAL COOLING HOLES

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A combustor floatwall panel comprising:a stack of layers of a sintered material, which form in aggregate:
a panel having a first surface and a second surface parallel to the first surface;
an attachment stud projecting from the second surface; and
a cooling flow passageway that is made up of a series of apertures in adjacent layers, the cooling flow passageway includes:
a feeder hole extending through the attachment stud;
a plurality of effusion cooling holes extending to the first surface and fluidly connected to the feeder hole;
wherein the plurality of effusion cooling holes extend along non-parallel first axes to meet the first surface at a first angle relative to the first surface; the feeder hole extends along a second axis through the attachment stud at a second angle relative to the first surface; and the second angle is greater than the first angle; and
a manifold fluidly connecting the feeder hole to each of the plurality of effusion cooling holes, wherein the manifold has a first cross-sectional area and the feeder hole has a second cross-sectional area, and wherein the first cross-sectional area and the second cross-sectional area are measured normal to the second axis and wherein the first cross-sectional area is greater than the second cross-sectional area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,771

EXHAUST DUCT AND BOILER

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. An exhaust duct comprising:a flue gas passage in which flue gas can flow;
a hopper which is provided in the flue gas passage and can collect solid particles in the flue gas; and
resisting members which can block outflow of the solid particles from the hopper,
wherein the resisting members include a baffle plate which is disposed on an upper portion of the hopper along a horizontal direction intersecting a flow direction of the flue gas,
wherein the baffle plate includes a first baffle plate which is disposed on the upper portion of the hopper and a downstream side end portion in the flow direction of the flue gas, and a second baffle plate which is disposed on the upper portion of the hopper and at an intermediate position in the flow direction of the flue gas, and
wherein the second baffle plate is disposed such that a lower end portion in a vertical direction is inclined toward the downstream side in the flow direction of the flue gas, and the second baffle plate is disposed above a storage portion of the hopper.

US Pat. No. 10,190,768

GASIFICATION MELTING FACILITY

1. A gasification melting facility comprising:a fluidized bed gasification furnace that generates pyrolysis gas by thermally decomposing waste and discharges incombustibles;
a melting furnace into which the pyrolysis gas is fed;
a pyrolysis gas passage that connects the fluidized bed gasification furnace and the melting furnace;
a grinder that grinds the incombustibles discharged from the fluidized bed gasification furnace by passing the incombustibles through a plurality of rods;
a vibratory sifter that screens the incombustibles ground by the grinder;
a fixed amount feeder that feeds at a fixed amount the incombustibles that pass through the vibratory sifter, the fixed amount feeder including a plurality of transfer chambers rotatable between a position to receive the incombustibles from the vibratory sifter and a position to discharge the incombustibles; and
an airflow conveyor that conveys the fixed amount of the incombustibles from the fixed amount feeder together with airflow to the pyrolysis gas passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,765

HEAT EXCHANGER

ConleyMax Inc., Calgary,...

1. A tank and heat exchanger apparatus, comprising:a tank comprising a through-hole formed in a tank flange attached to an exterior surface of said tank; and
a heat exchanger comprising:
a flange; and
at least one heat transfer tube directly mounted on a first surface of the flange, opposing ends of the at least one heat transfer tube arranged in fluid communication with a corresponding intake port and exit port extending through the flange, wherein
the at least one heat transfer tube is configured to extend into an interior of said tank through the through-hole formed in the tank flange,
the first surface of the flange is mounted against and attached to the tank flange,
the flange comprises a bolt pattern designed to overlap with a bolt pattern formed on the tank flange so that the flange can be attached to the tank flange, and
the at least one heat transfer tube is in direct contact with material stored in the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,190,763

LED PURIFYING AND ENERGY-SAVING LAMP

1. An LED purifying and energy-saving lamp, comprising a lamp body, a heat radiator, a light source assembly and an air purifying device, wherein the lamp body comprises a main body portion, an overflow table and a plurality of connecting blocks; the heat radiator, the light source assembly and the air purifying device are provided in the main body portion; the air purifying device is provided above the heat radiator; the light source assembly is provided inside the heat radiator; the upper part of the main body portion is connected to the bottom edge of the overflow table via the plurality of connecting blocks; the main body portion, the overflow table and the connecting blocks define a plurality of air outlets; a shunting spur is convexly provided at the bottom of the overflow table toward the interior of the main body portion; the shunting spur comprises a shunting surface connected to the bottom of the overflow table and an installing surface connected to a free end of the shunting surface, the shunting surface being arranged obliquely; the shunting convex tip is provided above the air outlets; the heat radiator is configured to diffuse heat generated in a working process of the light source assembly, and meanwhile heat air to form heat convection to make air rise, thereby causing outside air to flow into the main body portion; and the air purifying device is configured to purify air inside the main body portion, and the shunting surface guides the purified air to be exhausted from the air outlets.

US Pat. No. 10,190,762

DEVICES FOR WORKSPACE ILLUMINATION HAVING A PANEL FORMING AN ENCLOSURE AND A PLURALITY OF LIGHT EMITTERS WITH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OPTICS

Quarkstar LLC, Las Vegas...

1. An illumination device comprising:a mount;
a panel comprising a first face and a second opposing face forming an enclosure, the first and second faces extending in a first direction and a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, wherein, when mounted to a floor, the mount supports the panel so that the first direction is a vertical direction and the second direction is a horizontal direction; and
a luminaire module arranged in the enclosure, the luminaire module configured and arranged to output light towards respective target areas proximate to the first and the second face of the panel,
the luminaire module comprising:
a plurality of light-emitting elements (LEEs) distributed along the second direction, the plurality of LEEs being configured to emit light;
one or more primary optics coupled with one or more corresponding LEEs of the plurality of LEEs and configured to redirect light emitted by the one or more corresponding LEEs as redirected light; and
a secondary optic elongated along the second direction and comprising two redirecting surfaces and two output surfaces corresponding to the respective redirecting surfaces, each of the two redirecting surfaces being arranged and configured to reflect the light received from the one or more primary optics as reflected light towards the corresponding output surface, and the corresponding output surface being arranged and configured to refract the reflected light and to output the refracted light towards the respective target area.