US Pat. No. 10,429,454

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CALIBRATING A PEDOMETER

Logitech Europe S.A., La...

7. An inertial motion system for a head-mounted electronic device, the inertial motion system comprising:a head-mounted electronic device comprising:
an accelerometer for producing signals indicative of acceleration;
an atmospheric pressure sensor for producing signals indicative of altitude;
a gyroscope for producing signals indicative of direction changes; and
a magnetometer for producing signals indicative of a compass direction;
a GPS location unit; and
a non-transitory, computer readable medium, communicatively coupled to the accelerometer, the atmospheric pressure sensor, the gyroscope and the magnetometer, and comprising instructions configured to determine route data from the signals indicative of acceleration from the accelerometer and at least one of the signals indicative of compass direction from the magnetometer and the signals indicative of direction changes from the gyroscope, and distance data based on the vertical movement of the accelerometer using a stride length and a cadence determined from the vertical movement.

US Pat. No. 10,429,453

MAGNETIC SENSOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

ABLIC INC., Chiba (JP)

1. A magnetic sensor, comprising:a semiconductor substrate having Hall elements on a front surface thereof;
an adhesive layer directly in contact with a back surface of the semiconductor substrate opposite to the front surface;
a magnetic flux converging plate having a first surface in contact with the adhesive layer, such that the adhesive layer bonds the first surface of the magnetic flux converging plate to the back surface of the semiconductor substrate; and
a conductive layer on a second surface of the magnetic flux converging plate opposite to the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,429,452

ROTATION DETECTION DEVICE

Melexis Technologies SA, ...

1. A rotation detection device comprising:a rotatable body made of a soft magnetic material and having a tooth tip and a tooth bottom on planes normal to a direction of a rotation axis, the tooth tip being provided in a range of a first rotation angle, the tooth bottom being provided in a range other than the range of the first rotation angle;
a magnet configured to form a magnetic field toward tooth surfaces of the tooth tip and the tooth bottom of the rotatable body;
a magnetic detection element disposed at a position between the rotatable body and the magnet and other than on the rotation axis of the rotatable body, and configured to detect magnetic flux densities in the direction of the rotation axis of the rotatable body at at least two positions; and
a magnetic sensor having a signal processor configured to calculate a rotation angle of the rotatable body in accordance with a difference between magnetic flux densities in the direction of the rotation axis of the rotatable body, detected at the at least two positions and a difference between magnetic flux densities in a direction perpendicular to the direction of the rotation axis and a radial direction of the rotatable body, detected at the at least two positions by the magnetic detection element;
wherein the signal processor of the magnetic sensor is configured to set a first correction value based on a signal output from the magnetic detection element when a distance between the tooth surfaces of the rotatable body and the magnetic detection element is infinite,
to make correction of an output value of the magnetic detection element by using the first correction value,
to set a second correction value based on an amplitude of the output value when one or more revolutions of the rotatable body are made after the correction of the output value,
to make correction of the difference between the magnetic flux densities in the direction of the rotation axis of the rotatable body, detected at the at least two positions by the magnetic detection element, by using the first correction value,
to make correction of the difference between the magnetic flux densities in the direction perpendicular to the direction of the rotation axis and the radial direction of the rotatable body, detected at the at least two positions, by using the second correction value, and
to calculate the rotation angle of the rotatable body in accordance with a value obtained by the correction of the difference by using the first correction value and a value obtained by the correction of the difference by using the second correction value.

US Pat. No. 10,429,451

APPARATUS FOR TESTING LUMINAIRE BASED ON USB AND METHOD USING THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An apparatus for testing a luminaire based on a universal serial bus (USB), comprising:a power measurement unit for measuring power consumption by measuring power input from a host system to a luminaire based on the USB;
a message interpretation unit for generating a result of interpretation of a message based on a USB-based control message sent and received between the host system and the luminaire;
an illuminance reception unit for receiving a result of measurement of illuminance of the luminaire, measured by a light reception device; and
an information generation unit for generating test result information based on a result of the measurement of the power consumption, the result of the interpretation of the message, and the result of the measurement of the illuminance;
wherein the apparatus for testing the luminaire further comprises:
a USB plug including a detachable USB plug-fixing unit for connecting to the host system which have one of defined USB port types;
a USB receptacle including a detachable USB receptacle-fixing unit for connecting to the luminaire which have one of defined USB connector types;
an external power supply connection unit for receiving power from an external power supply;
wherein the apparatus for testing the luminaire is driven by using power received from the external power supply and passes power supplied from the host system to the luminaire.

US Pat. No. 10,429,449

BATTERY PACK TESTER

MIDTRONICS, INC., Willow...

1. An apparatus for testing batteries connected in a battery pack, wherein the battery pack comprises a plurality of batteries, the apparatus comprising:a forcing function generator configured to apply a forcing function signal to a battery in the battery pack;
measurement circuitry configured to measure a response of the battery to the applied forcing function signal;
a memory containing a capacity-compensation correction factor calculated from an average measured capacity of a nominal battery pack and a rated pack capacity representing a rated capacity of the nominal battery pack as a whole, wherein the average measured capacity of the nominal battery pack is determined by applying the forcing function to each battery in the battery pack while the battery is interconnected in the nominal battery pack to form a separate measure of the capacity of the nominal battery pack for each battery and forming an average of the separate measures; and
a microprocessor configured to calculate a corrected dynamic parameter based upon the applied forcing function signal, the response of the battery to the applied forcing function signal and the capacity-compensation correction factor stored in the memory, wherein the corrected dynamic parameter comprises a measured dynamic parameter which is corrected due to errors introduced in the response measurement arising from other batteries in the battery pack, and the microprocessor is further configured to determine a condition of each battery within the battery pack based upon its corrected dynamic parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,448

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING A ROUTE RESISTANCE OF A BATTERY SYSTEM

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

9. A system for calculating a route resistance of a battery system having a battery, comprising:a capacity measurement circuit responsive to the battery, comprising:
a charge capacity circuit comprising a first count register and configured to measure a charge capacity for the battery; and
a discharge capacity circuit comprising a second count register and configured to measure a discharge capacity for the battery;
a voltage sensor responsive to an output voltage of the battery;
a memory unit, wherein the memory unit stores:
baseline characteristic data of the battery;
a rated full charge capacity of the battery;
a remaining capacity;
the charge capacity; and
the discharge capacity; and
a logic circuit having access to the memory and responsive to the voltage sensor,
wherein the logic unit calculates:
the remaining capacity of the battery according to the output voltage and the baseline characteristics;
an ideal reference-to-full capacity based on the rated full charge capacity and the remaining capacity;
an actual reference-to-full capacity based on the charge capacity and the discharge capacity; and
a route resistance based on the ideal reference-to-full capacity, the actual reference-to-full capacity, and the baseline characteristic data of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,429,447

VOLTAGE SENSING DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A voltage sensing device configured to switch between a voltage sensing mode for sensing a voltage across two voltage detection target nodes and a current sensing mode for sensing a voltage across terminals of a shunt resistor for sensing a current, the voltage sensing device comprising:a multiplexer that is configured to
selects either two corresponding voltages at the two voltage sensing target nodes or two corresponding voltages at the terminals of the shunt resistor, and
output either the two corresponding voltages at the two voltage sensing target nodes or the two corresponding voltages at the terminals of the shunt resistor, which are selected by the multiplexer, as a first output voltage and a second output voltage;
a differential switched capacitor amplifier circuit that includes a sampling capacitor and a feedback capacitor, and that is configured to
sample the first output voltage and the second output voltage through the sampling capacitor, and
output sensing voltages corresponding to the first output voltage and the second output voltage by transferring a charge, which is stored in the sampling capacitor, through the feedback capacitor; and
an operation control unit that is configured to control the multiplexer and the differential switched capacitor amplifier circuit,
wherein the differential switched capacitor amplifier circuit is configured to change a gain of the differential switched capacitor amplifier circuit,
wherein the operation control unit is configured to switch an operation mode to the voltage sensing mode by
controlling the multiplexer to output each of the two corresponding voltages at the two voltage sensing target nodes, and
controlling the differential switched capacitor amplifier circuit to change the gain to a first gain, and
wherein the operation control unit switches the operation mode to the current sensing mode by
controlling the multiplexer to output each of the two corresponding voltages at the terminals of the shunt resistor, and
controlling the differential switched capacitor amplifier circuit to change the gain to a second gain, which is larger than the first gain.

US Pat. No. 10,429,446

BATTERY MONITORING SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

7. A battery monitoring system for monitoring a storage battery, the battery monitoring system comprising:a voltage detection section that is configured to detect voltage across terminals of the storage battery;
a current detection section that is configured to detect charging and discharging current flowing to and from the storage battery; and
a first unit and a second unit that are configured to communicate with each other at predetermined communication periods, wherein
the first unit includes:
a first obtainment section that is configured to (a) obtain (1) a voltage detection value of the voltage across the terminals detected by the voltage detection section and (2) a current detection value of the charging and discharging current detected by the current detection section and (b) associate the voltage detection value and the current detection value during predetermined time synchronization periods;
a battery control section that is configured to control the storage battery based on the voltage detection value and the current detection value obtained by the first obtainment section;
a second obtainment section that is configured to obtain the current detection value at a plurality of time points in each of the predetermined time synchronization periods, and
a transmission section that is configured to transmit the current detection values obtained by the second obtainment section to the second unit during the each of the predetermined communication periods;
the second unit includes (1) an average value calculation section that is configured to calculate an average value of the current detection values received from the transmission section and (2) a controller that is configured to use the average value of the current detection values to control in part the storage battery;
the battery control section is configured to perform a predetermined process for controlling the storage battery during the each of the predetermined time synchronization periods;
the first obtainment section is configured to obtain the current detection at a first time point of the plurality of time points during the each of the predetermined time synchronization periods;
the predetermined process ends at a second time point of the plurality of time points during the each of the predetermined time synchronization periods, the second time point being subsequent to the first time point; and
a time period between the first time point and the second time point is shorter than the predetermined synchronization periods and the changes according to an execution state of the predetermined process.

US Pat. No. 10,429,444

STATE OF CHARGE DETECTION DEVICE

PRIMEARTH EV ENERGY CO., ...

1. A rechargeable battery system, comprising:a rechargeable battery formed by a nickel-metal hydride battery;
an AC voltage source connected to the rechargeable battery, wherein the AC voltage source is configured to apply AC voltage at least at two frequencies;
an impedance analyzer connected to the rechargeable battery;
a processing unit configured to calculate a slope of a straight line or an approximate straight line which connects together two or more complex impedances of different frequencies in the diffusion region of the battery measured by the impedance analyzer, wherein the diffusion region defines a plot of complex impedances of the battery at frequencies lower than about 10 Hertz; and
a memory that preliminarily stores correlations between a slope and a state of charge, wherein the slope decreases as the state of charge increases,
wherein the processing unit changes a detection method of the state of charge of the battery between when the state of charge is less than or equal to a specific threshold value of 0 to 10% and when the state of charge exceeds the threshold value, such that the processing unit detects and outputs the state of charge of the battery by comparing the calculated slope and the correlations between the slope and the state of charge stored in the memory when the state of charge of the battery is less than or equal to the threshold value and detects and outputs the state of charge of the battery in another method without using the calculated slope; and
recycling the rechargeable battery based on the calculated state of charge.

US Pat. No. 10,429,443

SCAN FLIP-FLOP AND SCAN TEST CIRCUIT INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A scan flip-flop comprising:an input unit configured to select one signal from among a data input signal and a scan input signal to supply the selected one signal as an internal signal according to an operation mode; and
a flip-flop configured to latch the internal signal according to a clock signal, the flip-flop including a cross coupled structure that includes first and second tri-state inverters which share a first output node and face each other,
wherein the flip-flop comprises
a master latch including the first and second tri-state inverters, and
a slave latch connected to the master latch,
wherein the input unit comprises a multiplexer configured to include third and fourth tri-state inverters that share a second output node and face each other,
wherein the first and fourth tri-state inverters share a power terminal and a ground terminal, and
wherein the cross coupled structure is implemented in an area corresponding to a 2 CPP (contact poly pitch).

US Pat. No. 10,429,442

TESTING SOC WITH PORTABLE SCENARIO MODELS AND AT DIFFERENT LEVELS

Breker Verification Syste...

1. A method for testing a system-on-a-chip (SoC), comprising:receiving a file defining the SoC;
parsing the file to determine a plurality of functions of a plurality of module representations associated with the SoC and to identify an output node of the functions;
generating a first application scenario model from two of the module representations;
generating a second application scenario model from two of the module representations, wherein the second application scenario model is different from the first application scenario model;
generating one or more test files including the first application scenario model and the second application scenario model;
compiling the one or more test files to generate one or more compiled files;
executing a test bench program using the one or more compiled files to execute the first and second application scenario models to further generate a plurality of test outputs; and
comparing the test outputs with a plurality of expected outputs to determine whether the SoC passes a test.

US Pat. No. 10,429,441

EFFICIENT TEST ARCHITECTURE FOR MULTI-DIE CHIPS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A multi-die chip, comprising:a substrate;
a first die on the substrate, wherein the first die has a test data input (TDI), a first test data output (TDO), and a second TDO, and wherein the first die comprises:
a first test circuit having an input and an output, wherein the first test circuit comprises:
a first scan chain;
a first instruction register; and
a first test access controller configured to couple the first instruction register between the input and the output of the first test circuit during setup of a first test, and to couple the first scan chain between the input and output of the first test circuit during execution of the first test; and
a first test configuration circuit configured to receive a control signal, to couple the output of the first test circuit to the first TDO of the first die if the control signal has a first control value, and to couple the output of the first test circuit to the second TDO of the first die if the control signal has a second control value; and
a second die on the substrate, wherein the second die has a first TDI, a second TDI, and a TDO, and wherein the second TDI of the second die is coupled to the second TDO of the first die, and the second die comprises:
a second test circuit having an input and an output; and
a second test configuration circuit configured to receive the control signal, to couple the input of the second test circuit to the first TDI of the second die if the control signal has the first control value, and to couple the input of the second test circuit to the second TDI of the second die if the control signal has the second control value.

US Pat. No. 10,429,440

DESIGN-FOR-TEST FOR ASYNCHRONOUS CIRCUIT ELEMENTS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A circuit comprising:a data input coupled to a scan multiplexer and a path select multiplexer;
a scan-in input coupled to the scan multiplexer, wherein the scan-in input is to receive a value of a scan pattern;
a scan latch to store the value and having an input coupled to the scan multiplexer and an output coupled to the path select multiplexer, wherein:
the scan multiplexer is to select a first signal from a group consisting of the data input and the scan-in input and to provide the first signal to the input of the scan latch; and
the path select multiplexer is to select a second signal from a group consisting of the data input and the output of the scan latch and to provide the second signal to a data output of the circuit; and
a scan inhibitor coupled between the output of the scan latch and the path select multiplexer, wherein the scan inhibitor is to inhibit the output of the scan latch while the value is being stored in the scan latch.

US Pat. No. 10,429,439

IN DIE STEPPING SORT

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus for testing a plurality of dies, each of the plurality of dies having a plurality of bumps, the apparatus comprising:a test head having a plurality of probes, each of the plurality of probes connected to one of a plurality of traces of a space transformer, the plurality of probes arranged in a pattern having a pitch less than 65 microns;
a processor; and
a memory storing instructions that, then executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
actuate the test head such that the plurality of probes contact a subset of the first plurality of bumps of one of the plurality of dies, and
receive a voltage signal from the plurality of probes when the plurality of probes is in contact with the subset of the plurality of bumps of the one of the plurality of dies, wherein the plurality of dies is an embedded multi-die interconnect bridge.

US Pat. No. 10,429,438

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AUTHENTICATION FROM A DIE MATERIAL MEASUREMENT

1. A system comprising:an integrated circuit (IC) comprising:
a die sourced from a wafer;
a test circuit incorporated into the die, wherein when energized the test circuit is configured to generate a signal based upon a property of material forming the die, the material property is a function of a location of the die in the wafer from which the die was sourced; and
a label identifying the location of the die within the wafer; and
a test system configured to:
generate a test value based upon the signal generated at the test circuit;
compare the test value with a reference value to determine whether the test value is within a predefined range of the reference value, the reference value based upon measurements sourced from a plurality of dies each cut from a respective wafer, each of the plurality of dies being located in a position in its respective wafer that corresponds to the location of the die identified in the label and
responsive to determining that the test value is within the predefined range of the reference value, generate a notification that the die is sourced from the wafer location detailed in the label.

US Pat. No. 10,429,437

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED TEST DIAGRAM

Keysight Technologies, In...

1. A self-documenting instrument test system comprising:a plurality of test instruments that perform a test specified by a script on a DUT when said DUT is connected to a circuit comprising connections between said DUT and said test instruments, said script specifying sequences of operations to be performed by said test instruments during said test, but not said connections between the test instruments and said DUT;
a data processing system that operates each test instrument to determine any input and output connection points on said test instrument and any signal that can be generated by that test instrument and/or any signals that can be measured by that test instrument,
said data processing system being adapted to examine said script and said information on said test instruments connected to said data processing system and to generate a circuit diagram showing said DUT and said test instruments in said script and connections between said DUT and said test instruments, said data processing system being adapted to display said circuit diagram on a GUI connected to said data processing system.

US Pat. No. 10,429,435

CONTACTLESS MEASUREMENT OF THE CONDUCTIVITY OF SEMICONDUCTORS USING A MULTICARRIER FREQUENCY TEST SIGNAL

Universite Paris-Sud, Or...

1. A method of contactless measurement of the conductivity of semiconductors, said method being implemented by:a first assembly comprising a signal emission/reception system capable of emitting/receiving a multifrequency signal over a range of frequencies,
a second assembly comprising one semiconducting target and an inductor element, the semiconducting target being positioned close to the inductor element,
a transmission line, said transmission line being adapted to transmit the signal between the first assembly and the second assembly, and
a third assembly, said third assembly being intended to be connected to the first assembly, the third assembly comprising an analysis system, the third assembly being adapted to analyze a signal emitted by the first assembly and a reflected or transmitted signal received by the first assembly, and the third assembly being adapted to derive therefrom a reflection or transmission coefficient of the emitted signal, said method comprising the following steps:
a) the first assembly emits a multifrequency signal,
b) the second assembly reflects or transmits part of the multifrequency signal emitted by the first assembly,
c) the first assembly receives the multifrequency signal reflected or transmitted by the second assembly,
d) the third assembly calculates the reflection or transmission coefficient of the emitted signal for the range of frequencies,
e) the third assembly determines the conductivity of the semiconducting target;
and wherein the emitted multifrequency signal is of the form:

where Te is the period of each sample of the emitted multicarrier signal, ai the amplitude of each frequency composing the multicarrier signal, and ?i its respective phase.

US Pat. No. 10,429,434

ON-CHIP RELIABILITY MONITOR AND METHOD

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. An integrated circuit chip comprising:a substrate; and
a reliability monitor on the substrate and comprising: a test circuit comprising a test device; a reference circuit comprising a reference device; and a comparator circuit connected to the test circuit and the reference circuit,
wherein, when the integrated circuit chip is powered on, the reliability monitor is alternatingly operable in stress and test modes,
wherein, during each stress mode, the test device is subjected to stress conditions that emulate operating conditions of a functional device and the reference device is unstressed, and
wherein, during each test mode, the stress conditions are removed from the test device and the comparator circuit compares a test parameter of the test device to a reference parameter of the reference device and outputs a status signal based on a difference between the test parameter and the reference parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,432

METHOD FOR DETECTING A FAULTY CONNECTION OF AN AUXILIARY BATTERY

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for detecting a faulty connection of a low-voltage auxiliary battery incorporated in an auxiliary network of a motor vehicle supplied by said low-voltage auxiliary battery and by a non-reversible current source, the non-reversible current source being voltage-controlled to supply an output voltage which is a function of a control setpoint voltage of said non-reversible current source, the method comprising:determining at least one minimum or maximum voltage value, which cannot be reached by voltage at terminals of the low-voltage auxiliary battery, based on measured or estimated parameters of the low-voltage auxiliary battery;
assigning the function of the control setpoint voltage corresponding to the minimum or maximum voltage value;
controlling the non-reversible current source at the assigned control setpoint voltage that corresponds to the minimum or maximum voltage value that cannot be reached by the voltage at the terminals of the low-voltage auxiliary battery only when a faulty connection of the low-voltage auxiliary battery is to be detected;
measuring the voltage at the terminals of the auxiliary network;
comparing the measured voltage at the terminals of the auxiliary network with the control setpoint voltage; and
determining the faulty connection of the low-voltage auxiliary battery when it is determined that there is a match between the measured voltage at the terminals of the auxiliary network and the control setpoint voltage, in the comparing the measured voltage with the control setpoint voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,429,431

CODELESS RECEPTACLE TESTER

ECM Industries, New Berl...

1. A single line codeless receptacle tester comprising:a single line outlet tester circuitry configured to perform a plurality of electrical outlet testing functions; and
a housing having
a first end,
a second end opposite the first end, and
an enclosure that encloses the single line outlet tester circuitry, and
an indicator section including five codeless wiring condition indicators and five dedicated light sources that are electrically connected to the single line outlet tester circuitry,
wherein each codeless wiring condition indicator of the five codeless wiring condition indicators is indicative of only one wiring condition of a plurality of wiring conditions of a single line electrical outlet,
wherein the each codeless wiring condition indicator corresponds to only a respective one of the five dedicated light sources,
wherein the single line outlet tester circuitry is configured to control a first dedicated light source of the five dedicated light sources to emit light based on the plurality of electrical outlet testing functions, the emission of light by the first dedicated light source being dedicated to a first codeless wiring condition indicator of the five codeless wiring condition indicators, and
wherein the single line outlet tester circuitry is configured to control the five dedicated light sources to not emit light based on the plurality of electrical outlet testing functions, a lack of emission of light by the five dedicated light sources being dedicated to a first wiring condition indicator, wherein the first wiring condition indicator is different from the first codeless wiring condition indicator.

US Pat. No. 10,429,430

METHOD FOR OPERATING A CAPACITIVE SENSOR ARRANGEMENT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

16. A sensor system of a motor vehicle having at least one capacitive sensor arrangement for determining a distance to a measurement object and having a control unit for controlling the sensor arrangement, the sensor arrangement having at least one electrode and a connection arrangement which is assigned to the electrode and has a connecting line and, in a manner coupled to the latter, a connection on the electrode side and a connection on the control unit side, the control unit controlling the electrode during a measurement routine and determining the resulting distance values on the basis of a measurement capacitance formed by the electrode with respect to a reference potential, the control unit checking the electrical connection state of the electrode with regard to the connection to the control unit during a diagnostic routine, wherein the control unit checks the connection state during the diagnostic routine on the basis of the input capacitance between the connection on the control unit side and the reference potential.

US Pat. No. 10,429,429

DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION METHOD, DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION DEVICE AND DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION SYSTEM

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A differential protection method for monitoring a line of a power grid, the method comprising:measuring current phasor values in each case with measuring devices at ends of the line, the current phasor values indicating an amplitude and a phase angle of a phase current flowing at a respective end of the line, the measuring devices having local timers and allocating a timestamp to the current phasor values indicating a time of a measurement thereof;
transmitting at least the current phasor values measured at one end via a communication connection to an evaluation device;
forming a differential current value through vectorial addition in the evaluation device with current phasor values from the end of the line temporally allocated to one another, using time delay information that is being calculated continuously indicating a time delay between the local timers of the measuring devices for the temporal allocation of the current phasor values measured at different ends of the line;
generating a fault signal indicating a fault affecting the line when the differential current value exceeds a predefined threshold value;
carrying out a check using measured electrical quantities temporally allocated to one another which have been measured at the different ends of the line and a line-specific parameter relating to the line running between the ends in order to determine whether the time delay information indicates an actual time delay between the respective local timers, wherein the measured electrical quantities are selected from the group consisting of: amplitudes of current phasor values temporally allocated to one another and voltage phasor values temporally allocated to one another;
determining a comparative phase angle in order to check the time delay information using the measured electrical quantities and the line-specific parameter, wherein the comparative phase angle is determined by extending the measured electrical quantities temporally allocated to one another by an amount of the line specific parameter and using an angle between extended amplitudes as the comparative phase angle;
using the comparative phase angle to check the time delay information;
when erroneous time delay information is detected in the check, generating a time error signal; and
in response to generating the time error signal, blocking the fault signal and thereby, preventing shutdown of the line.

US Pat. No. 10,429,428

ECU GROUND FAULT ISOLATION FOR A DELAY SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of detecting a ground fault in a faulty electronic control unit from among a plurality of electronic control units, the method comprising:enabling a ground fault detection technique executed by a processor;
determining, by the processor, a message count for each respective electronic control unit transmitted during a ground offset condition over a predetermined time period, the message count including messages communicated within a communication bus having a measured voltage at least a predetermined voltage value above an expected voltage value;
normalizing the message counts for each respective electronic control unit to thereby generate a normalized message count for each respective one of the plurality of electronic control units, the normalized message count being a number of the messages having the measured voltage to a total number of the messages;
identifying the faulty electronic control unit as a function of the normalized message counts; and
outputting a fault signal to identify the fault electronic control unit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,427

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE STATE OF AN ELECTRICALLY CONTROLLED VALVE

11. An electrically switched hydraulic device comprising:a moveable subassembly configured to move between a first position and a second position; and
an electrical control device configured to actuate the moveable subassembly with a time-varying control signal, the electrical control device comprising a first switching transistor actuated by a first control input to generate the time-varying control signal applied to the moveable subassembly, and a second switching transistor actuated by a second control input to control an on/off state of the moveable subassembly;
wherein the electrical control device determines the time-varying control signal by comparing a first signal indicating a desired value of at least one state characteristic value of the electrically switched hydraulic device with a second signal indicating a current value of the at least one state characteristic value;
wherein the electrical control device comprises an evaluation unit that determines the at least one state characteristic value of the electrically switched hydraulic device by the time-varying control signal; and
wherein the at least one state characteristic value includes a measure of a current position of the moveable subassembly and a velocity of the moveable subassembly as the moveable subassembly moves between the first position at a first time and the second position at a second time.

US Pat. No. 10,429,426

SETUP AND METHOD FOR NOISE PARAMETER MEASUREMENT

1. An on-wafer noise parameter measuring system, being controlled by a computer, for measuring noise parameters and s-parameters of a semiconductor chip on a wafer comprising: a measurement setup,wherein the measurement setup comprises
a noise measurement path for measuring the noise parameters of the chip, and
an s-parameter measurement path for measuring s-parameters of the chip,
said noise measurement path including,
a cascade of calibrated noise source, input impedance tuner, input DC bias network, a first subset of wafer probes, output DC bias network, noise receiver and RF cables;
and said s-parameter measurement path including,
a second subset of wafer probes, input and output DC bias networks, RF cables and a vector network analyzer connected to the second subset of wafer probes,
and wherein
the bias networks of both paths are connected to DC bias supplies.

US Pat. No. 10,429,425

METHOD FOR DETECTING SURFACE ELECTRIC FIELD DISTRIBUTION OF NANOSTRUCTURES

Tsinghua University, Bei...

10. A method for detecting surface electric field distribution of nanostructures, the method comprising the following steps of:providing a nanostructure sample located on an insulated surface of a substrate, and a vapor-condensation-assisted optical microscope system comprising a vapor-condensation-assisted device and an optical microscope comprising a stage, wherein the vapor-condensation-assisted device configured to provide vapor;
locating a sample on the stage;
spraying first charged nanoparticles to the insulated surface; and
blowing vapor to the insulated surface to image the first charged nanoparticles via an optical microscope.

US Pat. No. 10,429,422

EMI TESTING DEVIATION CORRECTION SYSTEM

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An Electro Magnetic Interference (EMI) testing deviation correction system, comprising:an EMI testing facility;
a signal provisioning device that is included in the EMI testing facility and that includes a first power connector coupling and a first networking port that is coupled to the first power connector coupling via cabling;
a signal generator that is included in the EMI testing facility and that includes a power connector that is connected to the power connector coupling on the signal provisioning device, wherein the signal generator is configured to generate signals having first signal characteristics and provide the signals through the power connector, and wherein the cabling, the first power connector coupling, and the first networking port included in the signal provisioning device are configured to provide a pass-through such that the signals generated by signal generator have the first signal characteristics when transmitted through the first networking port;
an Impedance Stabilization Network (ISN) device that is included in the EMI testing facility and that is configured to couple to the first networking port on the signal provisioning device to receive signals that are provided by the signal generator through power connector and that are transmitted through the signal provisioning device from the first power connector coupling to the first networking port; and
a signal receiver device that is included in the EMI testing facility and that is coupled to the ISN device and configured to receive signals transmitted through the signal provisioning device and the ISN device, wherein the signals received by the signal receiver device include second signal characteristics that are different than the first signal characteristics, and wherein the difference between the second signal characteristics and the first signal characteristics provides an indication of at least one correction for the EMI testing facility.

US Pat. No. 10,429,421

METHOD OF OPERATING A HEARING AID SYSTEM AND A HEARING AID SYSTEM

1. A method of operating a hearing aid system comprising the steps of:identifying a receiver type of the hearing aid system,
providing a threshold frequency based on the identified receiver type,
measuring the electrical impedance of a receiver of the hearing aid system for a range of frequencies hereby providing a measured receiver impedance spectrum,
determining at least one of a peak frequency and a valley frequency from the measured receiver impedance spectrum,
triggering an action in response to a frequency threshold test applied to the determined peak frequency or valley frequency indicating that the peak frequency or valley frequency exceeds the threshold frequency, wherein
the threshold frequency is selected such that the action is triggered when a sound output of a hearing aid is at least partially congested.

US Pat. No. 10,429,420

SYSTEM FOR MEASURING AND MAPPING THE SHEET RESISTIVITY OF THE FILM ON FLAT-PANEL

1. A system for measuring and mapping a sheet resistivity of a film on a flat-panel comprising:a frame;
a probe chamber;
a horizontally tracking motion end effector for transporting the flat panel to a location for being probed;
a plurality of leveling chucks for supporting the flat panel when being probed;
a probe-mounting assembly;
a plurality of four-point probes;
the probe chamber and a chuck supporting plate being mounted onto the frame;
the horizontally tracking motion end effector being tracked in and out of the probe chamber for transporting the flat panel to and from a probing position;
the plurality of leveling chucks and the probe-mounting assembly being mounted in the probe chamber;
the plurality of leveling chucks being distributed across the probe chamber on the chuck support plate;
the plurality of leveling chucks being positioned in the probe chamber and under the probe-mounting assembly;
the plurality of four-point probes being detachably mounted onto the probe-mounting assembly allowing only vertical movement;
the plurality of four-point probes being positioned in between the plurality of leveling chucks and the probe mounting assembly;
each of the plurality of four-point probes being pointing to a site of the corresponding chuck of the plurality of leveling chucks, this plurality of leveling chucks are positioned to avoid colliding with the horizontally tracking motion end effector when being lifted to meet a probe head.

US Pat. No. 10,429,419

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ITERATIVE CONDITION MONITORING AND FAULT DIAGNOSIS OF ELECTRIC MACHINES

The University of Akron, ...

1. A method of detecting a fault comprising the steps of:providing a 3-phase AC (alternating current) motor coupled to a voltage source inverter;
coupling a control feedback module to said voltage source inverter including:
a motor controller;
a stationary frame module to convert voltage output signals of said motor controller into frame voltage signals; and
a SVPWM (space vector pulse width modulation) generator to receive said frame voltage output signals, said SVPWM generator configured to generate a 3-phase signal for supplying to said 3-phase AC motor, and wherein said motor controller monitors 2 phases of said 3-phase signal;
detecting said 2 phases of said 3 phase signal to identify a motor current spectrum signature;
identifying n fault characteristic frequency signatures from said motor current spectrum signature, wherein n is a positive integer value;
identifying m random noise frequency signatures from said motor current spectrum signature, wherein m is a positive integer value equal to n;
comparing an amplitude of said n fault characteristic frequency signatures with an amplitude of said m random noise frequency signatures;
generating at least one initial detection matrix including at least one matrix element, such that each said matrix element is associated with said comparison of an amplitude of said n fault characteristic frequency signatures and an amplitude of said m random noise frequency signatures;
assigning a first binary number to said matrix element if said amplitude of said n fault characteristic frequency signatures is greater than said amplitude of said m random noise frequency signatures to identify the presence of a fault, or assigning a second binary number different from said first binary number to said matrix element if said amplitude of said fault characteristic frequency signatures is less than said amplitude of said random noise frequency signatures to identify the presence of a non-fault;
generating a probability distribution based on said at least one initial detection matrix;
applying a predetermined threshold value to said probability distribution of said at least one initial detection matrix to generate a binary decision element;
generating an intermediate detection matrix that includes said binary decision element, wherein said second generating step and said applying step are performed for said intermediate decision matrix to generate a final binary decision value, and wherein said threshold value applied to said intermediate decision matrix is different from said threshold value applied to said at least one initial detection matrix; and
determining whether a fault is present in the 3-phase AC motor based on said final binary decision value.

US Pat. No. 10,429,418

FREQUENCY MEASUREMENT DEVICE, FREQUENCY MEASUREMENT METHOD AND UNDER FREQUENCY LOAD SHEDDING DEVICE

Schneider Electric Indust...

1. A frequency measurement device, comprising:a sampling module unit that outputs a voltage sampling value in accordance with a voltage to be sampled and a sampling frequency input thereto;
an angle shift computation unit based on single-cycle Discrete Fourier Transform DFT that computes and outputs a first angle shift based on the single-cycle DFT, in accordance with the voltage sampling value input from the sampling module unit;
an angle shift computation unit based on multi-cycle DFT that computes and outputs a second angle shift based on the multi-cycle DFT, in accordance with the voltage sampling value input from the sampling module unit;
an angle shift selection unit that selects and outputs one of the first angle shift and second angle shift an absolute value of which is smaller as a selected angle offset, in accordance with the first angle shift and second angle shift input thereto;
a sampling frequency computation and outputting unit that computes a sampling frequency in accordance with the selected angle offset input thereto, and outputs the sampling frequency to the sampling module unit as a new sampling frequency; and
a frequency measurement value computation and outputting unit that computes and outputs a frequency measurement value in accordance with the selected angle offset input thereto.

US Pat. No. 10,429,415

METHOD FOR IMPROVING COMMON MODE REJECTION IN A ROGOWSKI COIL-BASED CIRCUIT

1. A sensor for use in an electricity meter comprising:a non-magnetic core having a first winding wrapped thereon, the first winding having a center-tap coupled to a reference voltage; and
a common mode rejection circuit operably coupled to the first winding, the common mode rejection circuit operably coupled to reference the reference voltage, the common mode rejection circuit comprising
a differential amplifier having a first input, a second input and an output;
a first resistive path coupled from a first end of the first winding to the first input;
a second resistive path coupled from a second end of the first winding to the second input;
a first capacitive path coupled from the first input to the output;
a second capacitive path coupled from the second input to the reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,429,414

MULTIPLE CONTACT PROBE HEAD DISASSEMBLY METHOD AND SYSTEM

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method for disassembling a multiple contact probe head including a plurality of contact probes positioned by a first die at a first end of the plurality of probes and a second die at a second end of the plurality of probes, the method comprising:applying a force to the plurality of contact probes in position in the first die across an opposing side of the first die from the second die; and
removing the second die from the plurality of contact probes by extracting the plurality of contact probes from one or more openings in the second die.

US Pat. No. 10,429,413

COAXIAL PROBE STRUCTURE

WIN SEMICONDUCTORS CORP.,...

1. A coaxial probe structure, comprising:a support member, comprising a first connecting member;
a connector, comprising a second connecting member for connecting to the first connecting member of the support member;
a coaxial probe, connecting with a connecting end of the coaxial probe to a bottom of the connector and extending downwards from the bottom of the connector to a probe tip, and an included angle formed at a junction of the probe tip and the connecting end; and
an elastic body, having one end connected to the support member and another end connected to the junction of the connecting end and the probe tip of the coaxial probe.

US Pat. No. 10,429,412

TEST CIRCUIT, TEST METHOD, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A test circuit, comprising a plurality of to-be-tested units and a plurality of test electrodes connected to the to-be-tested units, wherein the plurality of to-be-tested units are arranged in a matrix, at least one of the test electrodes is multiplexed by the plurality of to-be-tested units in a row direction, and at least one of the test electrodes is multiplexed by the plurality of to-be-tested units in a column direction, whereinthe plurality of to-be-tested units in any row direction multiplex two of the test electrodes, and the plurality of to-be-tested units in any column direction multiplex one of the test electrodes; or
the plurality of to-be-tested units in adjacent two rows multiplex one of the test electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,429,411

NEAR FIELD SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPE, PROBE FOR SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPE, AND SAMPLE OBSERVATION METHOD

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A near-field scanning probe microscope comprising:a measurement probe configured to relatively scan a test sample;
an excitation light irradiation system;
a near-field light generation system configured to generate near-field light in a region comprising the measurement probe in response to irradiation with excitation light from the excitation light irradiation system; and
a scattered light detection system configured to detect Rayleigh scattering and Ramen scattered light of the near-field light from the sample, generated between the measurement probe and the sample,
wherein the near-field light generation system comprises a cantilever with a chip coated with a noble metal, and a tip of the chip is provided with a nanowire wire group comprising a plurality of carbon nanowires with a noble metal provided at ends thereof; and
wherein the nanowire wire group comprises a main carbon nanowire for measurement, the main carbon nanowire being the carbon nanowire closest to the sample and being used to determine a measurement resolution, and adjacent to the main carbon nanowire, a plurality of auxiliary carbon nanowires is disposed in a predetermined arrangement to act as an antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,429,409

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THERMALLY REGULATING SENSOR OPERATION

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A thermal regulation system for maintaining stable operation of a sensor, the system comprising:the sensor;
one or more temperature adjusting devices that are in thermal communication with the sensor, the one or more temperature adjusting devices including at least one of a heater or a cooling device; and
one or more processors in communication with the sensor and the one or more temperature adjusting devices, the one or more processors programmed to:
in a calibration step, instruct the one or more temperature adjusting devices to adjust a temperature of the sensor from an initial temperature to a predetermined temperature at a predetermined rate of temperature change entered by a user through a user interface, and record a sensor bias at the predetermined temperature and one or more intermediate temperatures between the initial temperature and the predetermined temperature,
during operation of the sensor, instruct the one or more temperature adjusting devices to change the temperature of the sensor from a starting temperature to an operating temperature at an operating rate of temperature change, and
correct a sensor measurement from the sensor based on the sensor bias at the one or more intermediate temperatures between the initial temperature and the predetermined temperature and the predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,429,408

VEHICLE MONITORING MODULE

DANLAW INC., Novi, MI (U...

1. A portable system for monitoring vehicle driving conditions of a vehicle comprising:a processor;
an accelerometer unit in communication with the processor to provide accelerometer data for a first accelerometer axis, a second accelerometer axis, and a third accelerometer axis;
a gyroscope unit in communication with the processor to provide gyroscope data for a first gyroscope axis, a second gyroscope axis, and a third gyroscope axis;
a housing unit enclosing the processor, the accelerometer unit, and the gyroscope unit, the processor being configured to determine a gravity plane perpendicular to the gravity direction using rate of angular change data of the gyroscope for a plurality of turns when the vehicle is moving before determining a primary axis of the vehicle or a transverse axis of the vehicle, and after determining the gravity plane determining the primary axis or transverse axis of the vehicle based on the gravity plane the processor being configured to determine an orientation based on the primary axis or transverse axis of the vehicle relative to the accelerometer unit and the gyroscope unit based on the accelerometer data for the first accelerometer axis, the second accelerometer axis, and the third accelerometer axis and the gyroscope data for the first gyroscope axis, the second gyroscope axis, and the third gyroscope axis.

US Pat. No. 10,429,406

MICROELECTROMECHANICAL STRUCTURE WITH FRAMES

MURTA MANUFACTURING CO., ...

1. A microelectromechanical structure, comprising:a first capacitive detection element, a first frame, and a second frame patterned into a material layer of the microelectromechanical structure; wherein
the first capacitive detection element includes a stator and a rotor, wherein the stator is anchored to a support to form a stationary electrode, and the rotor is suspended to a support to form a mobile electrode;
the rotor has a degree in freedom for translation in a first direction that is parallel to the material layer of the microelectromechanical structure;
the stationary electrode and the mobile electrode form a capacitor, capacitance of which is changed by motion of the mobile electrode in the first direction;
the first frame is anchored to the support and circumscribes the stator and the rotor of the first capacitive detection element in the material layer of the microelectromechanical structure;
the second frame is anchored to the support and circumscribes the stator and the rotor of the first capacitive detection element in the material layer of the microelectromechanical structure between the first capacitive detection element and the first frame;
the second frame is electrically isolated from the first frame; and
the rotor and the second frame are galvanically coupled to have a same electric potential.

US Pat. No. 10,429,393

TUMOR DECONSTRUCTION PLATFORM FOR THE ANALYSIS OF INTRA-TUMOR HETEROGENEITY

NATIONAL CENTRE FOR CELL ...

7. A method for monitoring tumour cell populations, which method employs the steps of:(i) obtaining a sample of tumour-derived single cell suspension, wherein said sample is from established cell lines or primary tumor samples;
(ii) optionally fixing and permeabilizing said tumour-derived single cell suspension;
(iii) combinatorial staining or labelling said tumour-derived single cell suspension with a binding dye, a fluorophore and/or antibodies specific to a marker on or in the tumour cells;
(iv) concurrently and simultaneously resolving each cell in said labelled tumour-derived single cell suspension through multivariant flow cytometry or fluorescence activated cell sorting to three levels of resolution of its cellular components involving tumour proliferative or regenerative hierarchy, DNA content, and cell cycle phase;
(v) detecting the frequency and identifying the profile of said levels of resolution of the tumour-derived single cell suspension; and
(vi) subjecting said frequency and profile detected in step (v) to combinatorial analyses, wherein the first level of resolution is based on tumour proliferative or regenerative hierarchy; the second level is based on varying DNA content; and the third level is based on cell cycle phases.

US Pat. No. 10,429,377

COAGULATION TEST DEVICE, SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF USE

COAGULATION SCIENCES LLC,...

1. A system comprising:a cartridge comprising a whole blood sample, the cartridge including a plurality of test chambers and a metal sphere in each test chamber;
a device configured to receive the cartridge, the device including
a plurality of sensors, each sensor positioned adjacent to one of the test chambers, and
a controller configured to
activate a vacuum source to move a portion of the whole blood sample into each of the test chambers,
move the cartridge,
receive signals from each of the sensors while the cartridge is moving,
determine whether the metal sphere is moving in the test chamber, and
determine whether the whole blood sample in each test chamber exhibits coagulopathy, and
output an indicator whether coagulopathy is present in the whole blood for each test chamber on a display.

US Pat. No. 10,429,375

EXPORTING MEASUREMENTS OF NANOPORE ARRAYS

Roche Sequencing Solution...

1. A nanopore based sequencing system, comprising:an array of cells, wherein a cell comprises a nanopore sensor;
a circuitry configured to:
make a plurality of measurements of an electrical characteristic associated with the nanopore sensor;
process the plurality of measurements of the electrical characteristic associated with the nanopore sensor; and
perform data reduction to the plurality of measurements of the electrical characteristic associated with the nanopore sensor, comprising:
determining that a first portion of the plurality of measurements of the electrical characteristic correspond to a single base call event at the nanopore sensor;
determining a summary for the first portion of the plurality of measurements of the electrical characteristic, wherein determining the summary comprises: representing the first portion of the plurality of measurements of the electrical characteristic such that consecutive measurements of the electrical characteristic are mapped to a single magnitude value and either (i) a time duration or (ii) a count of the consecutive measurements of the electrical characteristic; and
exporting the summary for the first portion of the plurality of measurements of the electrical characteristic.

US Pat. No. 10,429,371

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EXTRACTING GAS OR GAS MIXTURES FROM A LIQUID FOR PERFORMING DISSOLVED GAS OR GAS MIXTURE ANALYSIS

Vaisala Oyj, Vantaa (FI)...

1. A system for extracting gas from a liquid for performing dissolved gas analysis, the system comprising:a container for storing at least one of a liquid and a gas,
a bidirectional liquid pump which is connected to the container,
a piping which is connected to the container and the bidirectional liquid pump, and wherein the system is configured to extract the gas from the liquid by circulating the liquid with the bidirectional liquid pump in a first direction along a closed flow channel formed by the piping, the bidirectional liquid pump, and the container, and
wherein the system is configured to dissolve the gas back into the liquid by circulating the liquid with the bidirectional pump in a second direction different than the first direction along the closed flow channel formed by the piping, the bidirectional liquid pump, and the container.

US Pat. No. 10,429,369

INTEGRATED USER INTERFACE FOR STATUS AND CONTROL OF A SUBMERSIBLE MULTI-PARAMETER SONDE

IN-SITU, INC., Fort Coll...

1. A submersible multi-parameter sonde having an integrated user interface comprising:a water-tight housing defining a water-tight volume, wherein said water-tight housing is at least partially optically transparent;
a central processing unit (CPU);
a display electronically connected to said CPU;
an accelerometer electronically connected to said CPU;
a measurement subsystem in electronic contact with said CPU and that provides an input to said CPU from a plurality of sonde sensors; wherein
said CPU, display, accelerometer and measurement subsystem are positioned in said water-tight volume; and
said accelerometer is configured to detect: a change in orientation including by a tilting of the sonde by a user thereof, and an exerted force including by a tapping or double tapping of the sonde by the user, to generate an input to said CPU; and
said CPU is configured to process said input and control an output display configuration of said display based on said input to implement, absent any external electronics, selections of the user for display configuration and sonde function of the sonde.

US Pat. No. 10,429,368

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING THIOCYANATE IONS IN MARINE ENVIRONMENTS

Roger Williams University...

3. A method for detecting thiocyanate in a liquid, comprising the steps of:providing a conductive glass substrate with anatase titanium dioxide which is deposited and cured on the conductive glass substrate;
silanating the anatase titanium dioxide;
chemically coupling a metalloporphyrin moiety to at least one electrode, wherein the at least one electrode is interconnected to the conductive glass substrate;
contacting the liquid with the conductive glass substrate interconnected with the least one electrode; and
measuring a concentration of thiocyanate in the liquid by both photometric detection and electrochemical detection of thiocyanate in the liquid when thiocyanate ions in the liquid coordinate to a metal center of the metalloporphyrin moiety,
wherein the liquid is seawater.

US Pat. No. 10,429,367

MULTI-PARAMETRIC ENVIRONMENTAL DIAGNOSTICS AND MONITORING SENSOR NODE

Qatar University, Doha (...

1. A multi-parametric environmental diagnostics and monitoring sensor node, comprising:a base having opposed upper and lower faces and an opening formed therein;
a plurality of environmental air quality sensors, each of the sensors having opposed upper and lower surfaces;
a connector engaging each of the lower surfaces of the environmental sensors, wherein each of the connectors are mounted on at least one auxiliary harvesting module;
a microcontroller mounted on the upper face of the base, the environmental air quality sensors being in communication with the microcontroller;
a power storage module in communication with the environmental air quality sensors and the microcontroller;
an external photovoltaic cell mounted within the base, the external photovoltaic cell being exposed through the opening in the base;
a cover attached to the upper face of the base, the cover having an opening defined therein;
the at least one auxiliary harvesting module in communication with the power storage module;
an internal photovoltaic cell mounted on the cover, the internal photovoltaic cell being exposed through the opening in the cover; and
a power management circuit connected to the power storage module, the power management circuit having a plurality of switches configured for selectively controlling communication between the power storage module and the external photovoltaic cell, the internal photovoltaic cell, and the at least one auxiliary harvesting module to charge the power storage module either separately or simultaneously from multiple sources, the internal and the external photovoltaic cells each being in communication with the power storage module for electrical charging thereof, the base being adapted for mounting on a support surface such that the external photovoltaic cell is selectively exposed to light from an external source and the internal photovoltaic cell is selectively exposed to light from an internal source.

US Pat. No. 10,429,365

CHROMATOGRAM DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A chromatograph system comprising:a chromatograph for collecting three-dimensional chromatogram data having time, signal intensity and another third dimension collected for a sample to be analyzed, the chromatograph comprising a converter for converting detected signals to digital data;
a chromatogram data processing system for processing the three-dimensional chromatogram data based on the digital data received from the converter, the system comprising a processor configured to:
calculate at least one auxiliary vector orthogonal to a principal vector, the principal vector being a multidimensional vector expressing a spectrum which shows or can be regarded as a relationship between the third dimension and the signal intensity for a target component to be observed,
designate the at least one auxiliary vector as a filter for impurity extraction;
calculate an inner product of a process-target multidimensional vector and the at least one auxiliary vector designated as the filter, the process-target multidimensional vector expressing a process-target spectrum obtained or derived from the three-dimensional chromatogram data obtained for the sample to be analyzed; and
determine a presence or absence of an impurity other than the target component in the process-target spectrum based on the inner product of the process-target multidimensional vector and the at least one auxiliary vector designated; and
a display connected to the chromatogram data processing system for displaying the process-target spectrum and the impurity determination.

US Pat. No. 10,429,364

DETECTING LOW LEVEL LCMS COMPONENTS BY CHROMATOGRAPHIC RECONSTRUCTION

THERMO FINNIGAN LLC, San...

1. A method for analyzing a sample, comprising: performing a survey scan at a first gain setting of an ion detector to identify high intensity features corresponding to high abundance compounds within a sample, the survey scan indicating the presence of ions at various m/z and retention time values: generate a transmission matrix defining regions of retention time and m/z space for which ions should be transmitted which excludes of the retention time and mass-to-charge zones occupied by high intensity features: separating components of the sample using the chromatographic column: obtaining a first mass data set using the mass analyzer at a second gain setting of the ion detector in accordance with the transmission matrix, wherein the high abundance compounds are excluded from the analysis to prevent overloading the detector, the second gain setting more sensitive than the first gain setting; generating an inclusion list of features of the first mass data set, the inclusion list including low abundance compounds not detectable in the survey scan; fragmenting ions corresponding to features of the inclusion list; obtaining a second mass data set from the fragmented ions; and identifying and/or quantifying the low abundance compounds based on the second mass data set; wherein the low abundance compounds are at a concentration of not greater than 0.01% of the high abundance compounds.

US Pat. No. 10,429,363

FAR-ULTRAVIOLET ABSORBANCE DETECTION DEVICE FOR LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. A far-ultraviolet absorbance detection device for liquid chromatography, comprising:an optical system including a light source that emits light including far-ultraviolet light,
a first mirror disposed adjacent to the light source,
a first slit disposed adjacent to the first mirror,
a diffraction grating that disperses the light emitted from the light source, the diffraction grating being adjacent to the first slit and configured to rotate,
a flow cell through which a liquid is passed,
a second slit for selecting a predetermined wavelength of +1 order light diffracted by the diffraction grating and causing the light to enter the flow cell,
a second mirror disposed adjacent to the second slit,
a first photodetector that detects the light transmitted by the flow cell,
a second photodetector that detects light other than the +1 order light diffracted by the diffraction grating;
a mechanism for evacuating or substituting the optical system with nitrogen gas; and
a computation unit that calculates absorbance from an output signal from the first photodetector and an output signal from the second photodetector, wherein
the second photodetector is fixedly disposed relative to the diffraction grating and is adjacent to the diffraction grating, such that no structure is interposed between the second photodetector and the diffraction grating,
light from the diffraction gradient passes directly into the second photodetector without passing through any slit and without passing through any beam splitter,
light reflected from the second mirror passes directly into the flow cell without passing through any slit and without passing through any beam splitter, and
the computation unit performs base line correction in synchronism with wavelength modification caused by rotation of the diffraction grating during measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,429,361

VALVE AND SPLITTING SYSTEM FOR MULTI-DIMENSIONAL LIQUID ANALYSIS

Regents of the University...

1. A multi-dimensional liquid analysis system, comprising:a first separation system including a first separation column, the first separation column configured to chromatographically separate a sample within a liquid mobile phase and to provide a first dimension outflow having a first outflow rate;
a flow splitter fluidly coupled to the first dimension outflow, the flow splitter configured to split the first dimension outflow into a first split outlet flow and a second split outlet flow;
a second separation system including a sample loop and a second separation column, wherein the second separation system is configured that the sample loop receives a sample volume from the second split outlet flow, and wherein the second separation column is configured to chromatographically separate the sample volume from the second split outlet flow; and
a flow control pump fluidly coupled to and located downstream of one of the first split outlet flow and the second split outlet flow, the flow control pump configured to withdraw the one of the first split outlet flow and the second split outlet flow from the flow splitter at a controlled withdrawal flow rate to obtain, in the sample volume from the second split outlet flow, a representative sampling of compounds in the first dimension outflow for separation in the second separation system.

US Pat. No. 10,429,360

LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPH CONTROL SYSTEM AND LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPH CONTROL METHOD

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A liquid chromatograph control method in which a sample is analyzed using a liquid chromatograph provided with a function of switching columns, according to a schedule table in which analysis conditions and execution order of a plurality of analyses are described, the control method comprising the steps of:a) reading out two analysis conditions consecutively executed in the schedule table;
b) comparing columns used in the two read-out analysis conditions;
c) creating an insertion method file to the effect that a flow rate of a mobile phase sent to the column used in later one of the two analyses is increased in stages from a flow rate lower than a target flow rate determined for the later analysis toward the target flow rate, in a case where the compared columns are different from each other; and
d) inserting the insertion method file into immediately before the later analysis in the schedule table.

US Pat. No. 10,429,359

AUTOMATED MULTI-STEP PURIFICATION SYSTEM

GE HEALTHCARE BIO-SCIENCE...

1. An automated multi-step chromatography purification system arranged to perform a plurality of isolated multi-step purification cycles for purifying target molecules from separate feed sources, comprising:a system controller comprising a memory storing instructions for controlling components of the system,
two or more purification sections, each representing a purification step with one of the purification sections being a capture section comprising a first capture column and a second capture column and another one of the purification sections being a subsequent purification section comprising a purification column,
at least one pump for driving the purification,
a valve arrangement for controlling the fluid flow in the system, wherein the valve arrangement comprises a source valve connected to the at least one pump,
a capture flow path, a capture column eluent flow path, and a purification column eluent flow path all share the same source valve,
wherein: the capture columns and the source valve is arranged to simultaneously
(i) connecting, through the capture flow path the second capture column to one of the separate feed sources for capturing the respective target molecule, and
(ii) eluting, through the capture column eluent flow path a captured target molecule from the first capture column to the purification column and for preparing the eluted first capture column for a subsequent capture phase,
wherein the subsequent purification section comprises a smaller number of purification column eluent flow paths compared to the number of capture columns, each purification column eluent flow path comprising a purification column, whereby eluent flow from each of the capture column is separately purified in said purification column eluent flow path with intermediate cleaning of the purification column eluent flow path to keep subsequent purifications isolated, and
wherein each purification section being in direct fluidic communication with the subsequent purification section without an intermediate sample storage component.

US Pat. No. 10,429,358

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INSPECTING DELAMINATION OF LAMINATED BODY

NON-DESTRUCTIVE INSPECTIO...

1. A delamination inspection method for a laminated body, including: causing an ultrasonic wave to enter the laminated body obtained by laminating a plurality of members, from a sensor disposed on one side of the laminated body; receiving the ultrasonic wave having propagated through the laminated body; and evaluating the received ultrasonic wave to inspect whether or not an inter-layer delamination is present,the sensor including: a transmission probe configured to cause the ultrasonic wave to enter the laminated body at a predetermined refraction angle; a reception probe configured to receive a propagation wave having propagated while having been repeatedly reflected by interfaces of the plurality of members; and a probe holding means configured to hold the transmission probe and the reception probe with a predetermined interval therebetween, and
the method comprising:
disposing the transmission probe and the reception probe on a sound part of the laminated body, with a preset probe interval therebetween by using the probe holding means, receiving the propagation wave having propagated through the sound part, and obtaining, as a reference detection length, a detection length over which an echo height of the received propagation wave through the sound part is detected as being equal to or greater than a predetermined value;
disposing the transmission probe and the reception probe so as to sandwich an inspection target part of the laminated body with an interval same as the preset probe interval by using the probe holding means, receiving the propagation wave having propagated through the inspection target part, and measuring a measured detection length over which an echo height of the received propagation wave through the inspection target part is detected as being equal to or greater than the predetermined value; and
comparing the measured detection length with the reference detection length to inspect whether or not an inter-layer delamination is present in the inspection target part.

US Pat. No. 10,429,357

MODEL CREATION METHOD AND DEVICE, AND INSPECTION DEVICE USING THE SAME

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A model creation method executed by a processing device to create a model of an analysis region used in numerical analysis, the method comprising:a step of designating a crystal growth direction for a region including crystallinity having acoustic anisotropy in the analysis region;
a step of selecting partial image data to which the crystallinity of the region is reflected; and
a step of rotating and operating the partial image data along the crystal growth direction; and
a step of creating image data covered in the region designated using the rotated partial image data.

US Pat. No. 10,429,356

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CALIBRATING AN ULTRASONIC WEDGE AND A PROBE

General Electric Company,...

1. A system comprising:an ultrasonic wedge having a back wall;
a probe comprising a phased array transducer, wherein the probe is mounted to a probe interface wall of the ultrasonic wedge; and
an ultrasonic inspection station connected to the probe by a probe cable, wherein the ultrasonic inspection station comprises a display, a microprocessor, a memory coupled to the microprocessor, and one or more executable instructions stored in the memory and configured to be executed by the processor, the executable instructions including instructions for:
determining a first ultrasonic signal gate, wherein the first ultrasonic signal gate is determined by the processor based on a first theoretical Z distance Z1TH between a first transducer element of the phased array transducer of the probe and the back wall of the ultrasonic wedge, and a last theoretical Z distance ZnTH between a last transducer element of the phased array transducer of the ultrasonic probe and the back wall of the ultrasonic wedge;
displaying the first ultrasonic signal gate on the display;
locating a second ultrasonic signal gate above a start of the first ultrasonic signal gate;
firing an ultrasonic signal from each of the transducer elements;
determining an operating status of each transducer element in the phased array transducer of the probe as live or dead, wherein each of the transducer elements that did not trigger the first ultrasonic signal gate and each of the transducer elements that triggered the first ultrasonic signal gate and also triggered the second ultrasonic signal gate are determined to be dead transducer elements and the remaining transducer elements are determined to be live transducer elements; and
calibrating, based on the identification of the dead and live transducer elements, the ultrasonic wedge and probe.

US Pat. No. 10,429,354

RECONFIGURABLE DEVICE FOR CHECKING A COMPOSITE STRUCTURE USING ULTRASOUND

AIRBUS, Blagnac (FR)

1. An ultrasonic control device to inspect a structure made of composite material during its production, the structure being produced in a space limited by an inner face of a first form and by an inner face of a second form, the device comprising:a plurality of ultrasound sensors arranged in a vicinity of the structure, each ultrasound sensor emits an ultrasound wave into the structure and picks up an echo returned by the structure;
a layer of piezoelectric material, an inner face of the piezoelectric material is placed on an outer face of the second form; and
a replaceable film of electrically insulating flexible material arranged to be pressed against an outer face of the layer of piezoelectric material, the replaceable film of electrically insulating flexible material comprises, on a face in contact with the layer of piezoelectric material, a plurality of electrodes, each electrode is configured to be excited separately by a control signal transmitted via a conductor;
a conductive surface of said each electrode is arranged to be in contact with the outer face of the layer of piezoelectric material such that said each electrode forms, with an area of the layer of piezoelectric material facing which said each electrode is placed, a distinct ultrasound sensor;
wherein an arrangement of the plurality of ultrasound sensors is modifiable by altering the arrangement of the plurality of the electrodes; and
wherein the ultrasonic control device is reconfigurable by replacing or repositioning the replaceable film on the outer face of the layer of piezoelectric material to alter the arrangement of the plurality of electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,429,353

PHOTOACOUSTIC MICROSCOPE AND PHOTOACOUSTIC SIGNAL DETECTION METHOD

Olympus Corporation, Tok...

1. A photoacoustic microscope, comprising:a light source which generates pulse light;
a focusing optical system which focuses the pulse light emitted from the light source and irradiates a sample with the focused pulse light;
a photoacoustic signal detection sensor which detects an acoustic signal generated from the sample through irradiation of the pulse light; and
a controller configured to:
form an image signal of the sample based on the acoustic signal;
one of generate or store information representing a relation between intensity of the pulse light entering the sample and intensity of the acoustic signal generated from the sample;
change intensity of the pulse light from the light source based on the information;
calculate, based on the information, as a threshold, pulse light intensity with which the intensity of the acoustic signal relative to the intensity of the pulse light starts to increase;
change, based on the calculated threshold, the intensity of the pulse light from the light source to be equal to or more than the threshold; and
change the intensity of the pulse light from the light source such that the following Conditional Expression (1) is satisfied:
1.05 where IT is the calculated threshold and IP is a peak value of intensity at a focus position of the pulse light after the change.

US Pat. No. 10,429,352

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR IN-AND OUT-OF-DIE MONITORING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MULTI-COMPONENT TABLETS AND FOR DETECTING AND MONITORING STICTION AND TOOLING MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS ON PUNCH AND DIE SURFACES

Clarkson University, Pos...

1. A method of detecting or monitoring powder materials sticking, tooling material mechanical property changes, or tooling geometric modifications at least one punch or die surface during compaction comprising the steps of:transmitting a first set of acoustic or ultrasonic waves onto the surfaces of said at least one punch or die surface;
receiving a second set of acoustic or ultrasonic waves from said at least one punch or die surface;
analyzing data received from said second set of acoustic or ultrasonic waves;
determining a vibration resonance frequency of said at least one punch or die surface based on said analyzed data; and
determining a material accumulation level, geometric deformation level, or a material defect state of said at least one punch or die surface based on said determined vibration resonance frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,429,350

PHOTOACOUSTIC GAS DETECTION

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A downhole system comprising:a quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectrometer (QEPAS) configured to be positioned within a wellbore formed in a subterranean zone of a hydrocarbon formation, the QEPAS comprising:
a laser configured to emit light;
a first, passive quartz tuning fork (QTF) configured to detect a pressure wave created in a gas, wherein the pressure wave is created as the light is absorbed by the gas; and
a second, active QTF configured to amplify the pressure wave in the gas, wherein the first, passive QTF is configured to detect the amplified pressure wave;
a sampling system coupled to the QEPAS, the sampling system configured to be positioned in the wellbore, the sampling system configured to obtain a sample of a wellbore fluid at a downhole location in the subterranean zone, the QEPAS configured to spectroscopically scan the sample and to determine a plurality of quantities of a corresponding plurality of hydrocarbons in the sample; and
a computer system connected to the QEPAS, the computer system comprising:
one or more processors; and
a computer-readable medium storing instructions executable by the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
receiving the plurality of quantities of the plurality of hydrocarbons in the sample; and
determining a plurality of ratios, each ratio being a ratio of one of the plurality of hydrocarbons with another of the plurality of hydrocarbons.

US Pat. No. 10,429,349

METHOD FOR DETERMINING ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITIES IN SAMPLES BY MEANS OF AN EDDY CURRENT SENSOR

1. A method for determining the electrical conductivity in samples by means of an eddy current sensor in which an alternating electrical field is excited by an alternating electrical voltage applied to a transmitter coil at a known measurement frequency ? and an alternating electromagnetic field which is directed against the alternating electrical field is thereby formed which is detected by a receiver coil or by a suitable detector and the complex impedance Z=R+jX is determinedwherein this procedure is carried out at different measurement frequencies ? once in air and once at the same measurement frequencies at a calibration body with a known electrical conductivity ?, and wherein a determination of the electrical conductivity ? of a sample is performed in accordance with one of the following:
1) differences of the real and imaginary portions ?R and ?X of the measured values in air and over the calibration body are divided by the respective measurement frequency ?; wherein a product ?? is associated with each value pair ?R/? and ?X/?=?L in accordance with the associated measurement frequency ? and the known conductivity ? of the calibration body and a ?? locus shown in a Nyquist diagram with these value pairs;whereina value pair ?R/? and ?X/? of the values in air is formed at the measured values over the sample at a measured impedance Z at a measurement frequency ? of a sample with an unknown conductivity ? and a point from the ?? locus and thus a ?? value is associated with this value pair ?R/? and ?X/?=?L and the unknown electrical conductivity ? of the sample material is determined from this using the known measurement frequency ?;and2) on the calibration at a calibration body and a measurement at a sample, the phase angle ?=tan(?X/?R) is calculated and the function of the product ??=f(?) is determined instead of the ?? locus, with a product ?? being associated with the phase angle ? on the measurement of an unknown conductivity ? of the sample material with this function and thus the electrical conductivity ? of the sample being determined at the known measurement frequency ?;and3) on the calibration at a calibration body and a measurement at a sample, the quotient q=?X/?R or its reciprocal 1/q is calculated and, instead of the ?? locus, the function of the product ??=f(q) or ??=f(1/q) is determined and a product ?? is associated with the quotient q or 1/q on the measurement of an unknown conductivity ? of a sample with this function f(q) or f(1/q) and thus the electrical conductivity ? of the sample material is determined.

US Pat. No. 10,429,348

DETECTION APPARATUS AND DETECTION METHOD

Nuctech Company Limited, ...

1. A detection apparatus comprising:a sampling device for collecting a sample to be detected;
a sample pre-processing device configured to pre-process the sample from the sampling device; and
a sample analyzing device for separating the sample pre-processed by the sample pre-processing device and analyzing the separated sample;
wherein the sample pre-processing device comprises:
a piston-type absorber having an absorption cavity that is configured to communicate with the sampling device and is configured to absorb the sample collected by the sampling device;
a piston cylinder defining a piston chamber that is for accommodating the piston-type absorber and is in communication with the absorption cavity;
a thermal desorption chamber that is in communication with the absorption cavity and the piston chamber and is configured to thermally desorb the sample absorbed by the absorption cavity; and
a pump that is in communication with the piston chamber via a conduit and is configured to pump the sample which is leaked into ambient gas into the absorption cavity by a sample collecting structure;
wherein the piston-type absorber is configured to be movable between a sample collecting position where the absorption cavity is located outside the thermal desorption chamber and is in communication with the sample collecting structure so that the sample collected by the sample collecting structure is absorbed, and a sample desorbing position where the absorption cavity is located inside the thermal desorption chamber so that the sample absorbed by the thermal desorption chamber is thermally desorbed.

US Pat. No. 10,429,347

MEASUREMENT OF PARTICLE CHARGE

IZON SCIENCE LIMITED, Ch...

1. A method of determining a charge of at least one test particle, comprising:applying one of an electric current or a voltage across an aperture connecting two chambers, whereby the chambers are at least partially filled with an electrolyte and whereby the at least one test particle is suspended in the electrolyte of at least one of the chambers, wherein the aperture has a geometry that does not need to be known;
measuring a value indicative of the other of the electric current or the voltage across the aperture;
determining a time interval between a first and a second point in time, the second point in time corresponding to a point in time when the measured current or the measured voltage has reached a specific proportion of the measured current or the measured voltage at the first point in time; and
determining the charge of the at least one test particle by:
determining a value indicative of an electrical velocity component of a total velocity of at least one calibration particle having a known charge, taking into account that the total velocity of the at least one calibration particle comprises a non-zero convective velocity component and the electrical velocity component;
determining a value indicative of an electrical velocity component of a total velocity of the at least one test particle, taking into account that the total velocity of the at least one test particle comprises a non-zero convective velocity component and the electrical velocity component; and
using the determined values indicative of the electrical velocity components of the at least one test particle and the at least one calibration particle to calibrate a quantitative relationship between the charge of the at least one test particle and the determined time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,429,346

KIT FOR USE IN ELECTROPHORETIC MATRIX STAINING

PIERCE BIOTECHNOLOGY, INC...

1. A kit for electrophoretically staining a biopolymer in a matrix comprisinga first non-cellulosic or modified cellulosic matrix contact sheet contacting a first side of the matrix,
a second matrix contact sheet contacting a second side of the matrix and comprising a non-cellulosic or partially cellulosic material,
a stain solution comprising a stain reagent and a solvent, the stain solution optionally being absorbed within the first matrix contact sheet,
and
a destain solution comprising an organic solvent, an acid, water, and optionally a buffering agent, the destain solution being absorbed within the second matrix contact sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,429,345

ELECTROPHORESIS DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTROPHORESIS DEVICE, AND DEVICE FOR SEPARATING EXTRACELLULAR VESICLES

THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO, ...

1. An electrophoresis device comprising:a first flow passage extending in a first direction and through which a sample and a buffer solution flow;
a sample collecting part provided at an end portion of the first flow passage and configured to collect the sample;
electrodes disposed at both sides of the first flow passage in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction and configured to apply a voltage to the first flow passage in the second direction;
second flow passages communicating with both sides of the first flow passage in the second direction, configured to accommodate the electrodes, and through which a second buffer solution flows; and
partition walls fixed to communicating portions between the first and second flow passages with a predetermined bonding strength and configured to block movement of substances between the first and second flow passages,
wherein the first flow passage and the second flow passages are formed of a base material,
the partition walls are formed of a gel material having ion permeability, and being chemically bonded to the base material,
openings of the second flow passages are provided at a first surface of the base material in a third direction which is perpendicular to the first and second directions,
openings of the first flow passage is provided at a second surface of the base material in the third direction,
the second flow passages are disposed to communicate with the first flow passage in the third direction,
a second base material is stacked on the first surface of the base material, and
a third base material is stacked on the second surface of the base material.

US Pat. No. 10,429,342

CHEMICALLY-SENSITIVE FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR

1. A chemically-sensitive field effect transistor having a multi-layered structure for performing a sequencing reaction involving the sequencing of strands of nucleic acids, the field effect transistor, comprising:a substrate layer having an extended body;
a first insulating layer positioned above the extended body of the substrate layer;
a second insulating layer positioned above the first insulating layer;
a source electrode and a drain electrode each having a top surface and a bottom surface, the top surface separated from the bottom surface by opposing outer and inner side portions, each of the opposed side portions and each of the bottom surfaces of the source and drain electrodes being disposed within the first insulating layer, the source electrode being separated from the drain electrode by a distance;
a graphene layer positioned between the first insulating layer and second insulating layer and extending between the outer side portion of the source electrode and the outer side portion of the drain electrode thereby forming a channel between the source electrode and drain electrode, the graphene layer contacting the top surface of the source electrode and drain electrode; and
a reaction chamber formed by a well structure provided in the second insulating layer, the well structure having an opening at a top surface of the second insulating layer and extending toward the graphene layer the graphene layer forming a bottom layer of the reaction chamber, the reaction chamber configured for receiving and retaining one or more reactants therein for performing the sequencing reaction.

US Pat. No. 10,429,340

GAS SENSOR

Hitachi Metals, Ltd., To...

1. A gas sensor comprising:a work function type sensor provided in a main surface of a semiconductor substrate;
a first ion pump removing a first interfering gas component from a detection target gas; and
a first gas diffusion prevention film formed between the work function type sensor and the first ion pump,
wherein the work function type sensor includes:
the semiconductor substrate;
a well having a first depth from the main surface of the semiconductor substrate and formed in the semiconductor substrate;
a gate insulation film formed over the well; and
a gate layer formed over the gate insulation film,
wherein the first ion pump includes:
a first ion conductive film;
a first ion pump electrode formed to be in contact with a lower surface of the first ion conductive film; and
a second ion pump electrode formed to be in contact with an upper surface of the first ion conductive film,
wherein a first cavity into which the detection target gas is introduced is formed in the first gas diffusion prevention film,
wherein a part of a front surface of the gate layer is exposed to the first cavity, and
wherein a part of a lower surface of the first ion pump electrode is exposed to the first cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,429,339

GAS SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A gas sensor comprising:a cup-shaped solid electrolyte body having oxygen ion conductivity in which a tip of a tubular outer circumferential portion is closed;
a measuring gas side electrode disposed on an outer circumferential surface of the outer circumferential portion;
a reference gas side electrode disposed on an inner circumferential surface of the outer circumferential portion;
a heater disposed on an inner circumferential side of the solid electrolyte body for heating the solid electrolyte body;
a housing for holding the solid electrolyte body; and
a cover attached to the housing for covering the solid electrolyte body; wherein,
the cover has a large-diameter cover portion positioned on an outer circumferential side of the solid electrolyte body, a small-diameter cover portion positioned adjacent to a tip side of the large-diameter cover portion and formed smaller in diameter than the large-diameter cover portion, and a stepped portion connecting the small-diameter cover portion and the large-diameter cover portion; wherein,
a first through hole having the entire circumference of a hole punched out is formed at a tip of the small-diameter cover portion; and
a second through hole having the entire circumference of a hole punched out is formed at a plurality of positions in a circumferential direction of the stepped portion,
wherein the cover is the only cover attached to the housing for covering the solid electrolyte body.

US Pat. No. 10,429,338

GAS SENSOR AND GAS CONCENTRATION MEASURING METHOD USING THE SAME

NGK Insulators, Ltd., Na...

1. A mixed-potential type gas sensor for sensing a predetermined gas component in a measurement gas, said sensor comprising a sensor element composed of an oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte, said sensor element including:a measurement gas introduction space having an open end at a distal end of said sensor element and extending in a longitudinal direction of said sensor element to an opposite end of said measurement gas introduction space which is opposite to said open end;
a sensing electrode including a cermet of a noble metal and a first oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte and provided in said measurement gas introduction space at a position closer to said opposite end of said measurement gas introduction space than said open end;
a reference electrode including a cermet of Pt and a second oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte; and
a heater configured to heat said sensor element,whereinsaid gas sensor is configured to determine a concentration of said predetermined gas component based on a potential difference between said sensing electrode and said reference electrode, and
when said gas sensor determines the concentration of said predetermined gas component, said heater heats said sensor element so that a high temperature region exists between said open end and said sensing electrode and a temperature decreases from said high temperature region toward said sensing electrode in the longitudinal direction of said sensor element toward said sensing electrode, said high temperature region having a temperature higher than a temperature of said sensing electrode and higher than a melting point of a predetermined poisoning substance.

US Pat. No. 10,429,337

ANALYTE MEASUREMENT METHOD AND SYSTEM

LifeScan IP Holdings, LLC...

1. An analyte measurement system to measure a glucose concentration in physiological fluid of a user, the system comprising:a test strip including a substrate having a reference electrode, a first working electrode and a second working electrode coated with a reagent layer having a mediator, the electrodes being connected to corresponding contact pads; and
an analyte meter having a signal processor and a test circuit in connection with a test strip port that receives the contact pads of the test strip so that the meter is configured to apply a test voltage after deposition of physiological fluid on the electrodes and determine a hematocrit-corrected glucose concentration from measured first, second, third, fourth and fifth test currents at first, second, third, fourth and fifth discrete intervals after application of the test voltage by the meter in which the signal processor is programmed with instructions to determine a ratio of the first test current to the second test current raised to a power term and multiplying the ratio by the fifth test current, where the power term is a function of a first tuning parameter and a second tuning parameter in order to determine the hematocrit-corrected analyte concentration.

US Pat. No. 10,429,336

ELECTRODE ARRANGEMENTS FOR TEST ELEMENT INTEGRITY

Roche Diabeters Care, Inc...

1. A method of verifying test element integrity of a test element having an integrity electrode, the method comprising:providing a test element comprising (a) an electrode-support substrate, (b) a working electrode provided on the electrode-support substrate that includes a first body portion and a first connective neck extending from the first body portion, (c) a counter electrode provided on the electrode-support substrate that includes a second body portion, an opposite pair of second connective necks, and a third body portion coupled to one of the opposite pair of second connective necks and positioned adjacent the first body portion of the working electrode opposite the second body portion, each of the opposite pair of second connective necks extending transversely from a respective end of the second body portion, (d) a cover, and (e) a spacer coupled to the electrode-support substrate and partially overlapping the third body portion of the counter electrode, the spacer including an edge defining a boundary of a capillary channel formed between the cover and the electrode-support substrate, wherein each of the opposite pair of second connective necks extend across the boundary of the capillary channel free from the second body portion and the third body portion such that the second body portion is located entirely within the capillary channel, and the second body portion and the opposite pair of second connective necks surround the working electrode in the capillary channel forming a loop circuit around the working electrode; and
applying a signal across the pair of connective necks of the counter electrode to verify continuity along the counter electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,429,335

INTEGRATED GAS SENSOR DEVICE, IN PARTICULAR FOR DETECTING CARBON MONOXIDE (CO)

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. A method, comprising:forming a first insulating layer on a first side of a substrate, the substrate having a second side opposite the first side;
forming a patterned layer on the first insulating layer, the patterned layer having a first electrode, a second electrode, and a third electrode, the forming the patterned layer including forming first through holes in at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode; and
forming a electrolytic hydrogel layer on the patterned layer, first portions of the electrolytic hydrogel layer being between the first, second, and third electrodes, respectively, and second portions of the electrolytic hydrogel layer being in at least one of the first through holes.

US Pat. No. 10,429,334

HUMIDITY SENSOR WITH HEAT MODULE

EM Microelectronic-Marin ...

1. A humidity sensor, comprising:a silicon base plate, on which a stack of a plurality of intermetallic dielectric layers, each of which is provided with a metallic zone, and a metal layer are disposed,
wherein the metal layer is etched to form two electrodes, each comprising an armature provided with a plurality of arms, the armatures being mounted so that the arms of said each armature are interlaced such that the arms are positioned to face one another;
an active layer, deposited directly onto the silicon base plate and being interposed between the silicon base plate and a first intermetallic dielectric layer of said stack of the plurality of intermetallic dielectric layers, the first intermetallic dielectric layer being disposed closest to the silicon base plate among the stack of the plurality of intermetallic dielectric layers, wherein a temperature module is disposed in the active layer, the temperature module supplying a signal representing a temperature, the temperature module comprising a temperature detector having:
a bipolar transistor connected by a base and a collector thereof to earth,
a current source, one terminal of which is connected to a power supply and another terminal of which is connected to an emitter of the bipolar transistor,
a voltage source supplying a reference voltage, and
a differential amplifier, wherein a base-emitter voltage at a connection point between the bipolar transistor and the current source is extracted to be directed to the differential amplifier, the differential amplifier providing a difference between the base-emitter voltage and the reference voltage to supply a voltage representing the temperature;
an interlevel dielectric layer deposited directly on the active layer and being disposed between the active layer and the first intermetallic dielectric layer; and
a heating element deposited on the active layer and being disposed within the interlevel dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,333

RELATIVE HUMIDITY SENSOR AND METHOD

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A relative humidity sensor, comprising:a first electrode and a second electrode disposed above a dielectric substrate;
a sensitive layer disposed above at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode, the sensitive layer is formed from a composition including a polyimide and a hydrophobic filler dispersed among the polyimide; and
a dust protection layer disposed above the sensitive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,332

OIL DEGRADATION METER AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING OIL DEGRADATION

ATAGO CO., LTD, Tokyo (J...

1. An oil degradation meter for displaying an acid value (AVn) of a sample oil/fat without measuring the acid value (AVn) of the sample oil/fat, comprising:(a) a dielectric constant sensor that measures a dielectric constant of the sample oil/fat;
(b) a memory that stores the dielectric constant of the sample oil/fat measured by said dielectric constant sensor;
(c) an input unit that inputs an acid value into said memory that stores the inputted acid value;
(d) a circuit;
(e) a display; and
(f) a processor that controls said dielectric constant sensor, said input unit, said memory, said circuit, and said display,
(g) wherein said processor, in a setup mode,
sets an acid value (AV0) of unused oil/fat to 0,
obtains from the dielectric constant sensor a dielectric constant (D0) of the unused oil/fat,
stores the obtained dielectric constant (D0) of the unused oil/fat in said memory,
obtains from the dielectric constant sensor a dielectric constant (D100) of used oil/fat at a replacement time under a specific oil/fat usage condition, and
stores the obtained dielectric constant (D100) of the used oil/fat at the replacement time under the specific oil/fat usage condition along with an acid value (AV100) of the used oil/fat at the replacement time under the specific oil/fat usage condition in said memory; and
(h) wherein said processor, in a measurement mode,
controls said dielectric constant sensor to measure a dielectric constant (Dn) of the sample oil/fat,
stores the measured dielectric constant (Dn) of the sample oil/fat in said memory, and
controls said display to display the acid value (AVn) of the sample oil/fat without measuring the acid value (AVn) based on
the dielectric constants of the unused oil/fat and the used oil/fat at the replacement time under the specific oil/fat usage condition (D0,D100) obtained from the dielectric constant sensor in the setup mode,
the acid value of the used oil/fat at the replacement time under the specific oil/fat usage condition (AV100) stored in said memory in the setup mode, and
a product of the acid value of the used oil/fat at the replacement time under the specific oil/fat usage condition (AV100) and a ratio of i) a difference between the measured dielectric constant of the sample oil/fat measured by the dielectric constant sensor in the measurement mode (Dn), and the dielectric constant of the unused oil/fat obtained from the dielectric constant sensor in the setup mode (D0), and ii) a difference between the dielectric constant of the used oil/fat obtained from the dielectric constant sensor at the replacement time under the specific oil/fat usage condition in the setup mode (D100), and the dielectric constant of the unused oil/fat obtained from the dielectric constant sensor in the setup mode (D0), determined by the circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,331

HEAT EXCHANGER MONITORING SYSTEM

HS MARSTON AEROSPACE LTD....

1. A heat exchanger monitoring system comprising:a heat exchanger for receiving a flow of a working fluid therethrough;
a first sensor for measuring a property relating to an amount of contaminant material carried by a first flow of fluid entering the heat exchanger and configured to output a first sensor signal indicative of the measured property relating to the amount of contaminant material carried by the first flow of fluid;
a second sensor for measuring the same property relating to an amount of contaminant material carried by a second flow of fluid exiting the heat exchanger and configured to output a second sensor signal indicative of the measured property relating to the amount of contaminant material carried by the second flow of fluid; and
a monitoring device configured to receive and compare the first and second sensor signals to thereby determine a variation in the property relating to the amount of contaminant material carried by the fluid as it passes through the heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,429,329

ENVIRONMENTAL SENSOR TEST METHODOLOGY

AMS SENSORS UK LIMITED, ...

1. A method for testing a batch of environmental sensors to determine the fitness for purpose of the batch of environmental sensors, the method comprising:determining environmental parametric ranges by performing a plurality of environmental tests on at least one environmental sensor under a specified environmental condition;
performing a plurality of electrical test sequences to the sensor inputs of the at least one environmental sensor to measure electrical responses of the sensor outputs of the at least one environmental sensor;
correlating the measured electrical responses from the at least one environmental sensor to predetermined environmental parametric ranges of the at least one environmental sensor so as to define correlated electrical test limits;
testing the batch of environmental sensors by exclusively applying electrical impulses to each sensor of the batch of environmental sensors and by exclusively measuring electrical responses of the batch of environmental sensors; and
determining the fitness for purpose of the batch of environmental sensors if the measured electrical responses of the batch of environmental sensors are within the correlated electrical test limits.

US Pat. No. 10,429,328

MEMS-BASED ISOTHERMAL TITRATION CALORIMETRY

The Trustees of Columbia ...

1. A microelectromechanical systems-based calorimetric device for characterization of biomolecular interactions comprising:a first micromixer;
a second micromixer;
a thermally-isolated reaction chamber in fluid contact with the first micromixer;
a thermally-isolated reference chamber in fluid contact with the second micromixer; and
a thermoelectric sensor configured to measure at least one temperature metric associated with the reaction chamber and the reference chamber;
wherein the first micromixer comprises a passive chaotic micromixer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,327

SAMPLE-ANALYZING SYSTEM

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A sample-analyzing system for identifying a target sample from measurement data of the target sample obtained using a plurality of analyzing devices including a fluorescent X-ray analyzer as well as at least one device selected from an infrared spectrophotometer and a Raman spectrophotometer, the system comprising:a) a storage section in which measurement data obtained for each of a plurality of reference objects using each of the analyzing devices are stored;
b) a measurement data comparator for comparing, for each of the analyzing devices, the measurement data of the target sample with the measurement data of the plurality of reference objects and for determining a degree of matching of the target sample with each of the plurality of reference objects;
c) an integrated degree-of-matching calculator for calculating an integrated degree of matching for each of the plurality of reference objects by integrating the degrees of matching determined for the plurality of analyzing devices;
d) a comparison result output section for outputting information concerning a predetermined number of reference objects in descending order of the integrated degree of matching,
e) a scattered radiation intensity ratio calculator for calculating an intensity ratio between Compton scattered radiation and Rayleigh scattered radiation from the measurement data of the target sample obtained using the fluorescent X-ray analyzer; and
f) a coefficient determiner for determining, based on the intensity ratio, a coefficient for weighting degrees of matching related to the fluorescent X-ray analyzer and the infrared spectrophotometer or the Raman spectrophotometer,wherein the integrated degree-of-matching calculator calculates the integrated degree of matching after applying the coefficient to the degrees of matching related to the fluorescent X-ray analyzer and the infrared spectrophotometer or the Raman spectrophotometer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,326

X-RAY OPTICS ASSEMBLY WITH SWITCHING SYSTEM FOR THREE BEAM PATHS, AND ASSOCIATED X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETER

1. An X-ray optics assembly for an X-ray diffractometer, comprising:a multilayer mirror;
a monochromator; and
a switching system with selectable beam paths for an X-ray beam, such that a first beam path in a first position of the switching system bypasses the multilayer mirror and the monochromator, a second beam path in a second position of the switching system contains the multilayer mirror and bypasses the monochromator, and a third beam path in a third position of the switching system contains the multilayer mirror and the monochromator.

US Pat. No. 10,429,324

RADIOGRAPHIC PIPE INSPECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS

Paragon Inspection Limite...

1. A method of inspecting a pipe, the method including the steps of:providing a container comprising a first portion and a second portion that form a chamber in a closed position;
locating the container around a pipe when the container is in an open position;
moving the container from the open position to the closed position, wherein in the closed position the container is located around the pipe and substantially encloses at least a portion of the pipe within the chamber; and
passing a beam of radiation across the chamber of the container and through the at least a portion of the pipe when the container is in the closed position, wherein the container shields the beam of radiation, wherein a center of the beam of radiation is perpendicular to a longitudinal axis along a length of the pipe, a distance between a source of the radiation and the at least a portion of the pipe being equal to or less than 300 mm, wherein the container comprises a radiation detector attached to and movable with the second portion of the container, the radiation detector configured to determine a strength, quantity, and/or amount of radiation, wherein the radiation detector is located in the container opposite to the source of radiation when in the closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,429,323

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING MULTI-ENERGY (INCLUDING DUAL ENERGY) COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) IMAGING

Photo Diagnostic Systems,...

1. A multi-energy computed tomography (CT) imaging system for providing an image of an object, the multi-energy computed tomography (CT) imaging system comprising:a polychromatic X-ray source;
a detector for detecting X-rays from the polychromatic X-ray source after the X-rays have passed through an object and for providing a first set of polychromatic energy measurements relating to a first polychromatic X-ray spectrum passed through the object and for providing a second set of polychromatic energy measurements relating to a second polychromatic X-ray spectrum passed through the object; and
a processor configured to:
(i) transform the first set of polychromatic energy measurements into a corresponding first monochromatic data set associated with X-rays at a selected first monochromatic energy level, and to transform the second set of polychromatic energy measurements into a corresponding second monochromatic data set associated with X-rays at a selected second monochromatic energy level;
(ii) transform the first monochromatic data set into a first monochromatic image and transform the second monochromatic data set into a second monochromatic image; and
(iii) use at least one of the first monochromatic image and the second monochromatic image to perform at least one of (a) provide an image free from beam hardening artifacts, and (b) provide identification of material properties within the object.

US Pat. No. 10,429,321

APPARATUS FOR HIGH-SPEED IMAGING SENSOR DATA TRANSFER

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An imaging sensor assembly, comprising:at least one substrate, wherein the at least one substrate includes a plurality of substrate signal lines;
at least one imaging sensor package disposed on the at least one substrate, wherein the at least one imaging sensor package includes at least one imaging sensor disposed on at least one imaging sensor package substrate;
at least one receiver package disposed on the at least one substrate, wherein the receiver package includes at least one receiver integrated circuit disposed on at least one receiver package substrate, wherein the at least one receiver package and the at least one imaging sensor package are disposed a selected distance apart on the at least one substrate; and
at least one circuit board, wherein the at least one circuit board is operably coupled at a selected distance above a surface of the at least one substrate to the at least one imaging sensor package and the at least one receiver package, wherein a plurality of data signals is transmitted between the at least one imaging sensor package and the at least one receiver package via the at least one circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,429,320

METHOD FOR AUTO-LEARNING TOOL MATCHING

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method of tool matching, comprising:performing measurements, with one or more detectors of an optical measurement tool, on a control wafer at a first time to determine a first set of parameters associated with tool conditions of a lithography tool for processing one or more wafers different from the control wafer, wherein one or more of the first set of parameters includes at least one of film thickness, critical dimension, trench height, sidewall angle, overlay, surface roughness, or surface smoothness of the control wafer;
comparing, with one or more processors communicatively coupled to the one or more detectors of the optical measurement tool, the first set of parameters against a primary set of parameter thresholds to determine when a parameter of the first set of parameters matches a correctable tool condition;
determining, with the one or more processors, a presence or an absence of the parameter in a library of key parameters when the parameter matches the correctable tool condition, the library of key parameters including a secondary set of parameter thresholds that is a subset of the primary set of parameter thresholds;
adding, with the one or more processors, the parameter to the library of key parameters when the parameter matches the correctable tool condition and is not represented in the library of key parameters;
providing to the lithography tool, with the one or more processors, a control signal configured to reconfigure at least one control setting of the lithography tool to repair the correctable tool condition;
performing measurements on a second wafer at a second time to determine a second set of parameters;
identifying at least one of a time difference or a run count between the first time and the second time; and
comparing, when the time difference is below a threshold time difference or when the run count is below a threshold run count, the second set of parameters against the secondary set of parameter thresholds of the library of key parameters to determine when a key parameter of the second set of parameters is out of limit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,319

INSPECTION SYSTEM INCLUDING PARALLEL IMAGING PATHS WITH MULTIPLE AND SELECTABLE SPECTRAL BANDS

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A system for inspecting a sample with multiple wavelengths of illumination, comprising:one or more illumination sources configured to illuminate at least a selected portion of a sample with at least a first wavelength of illumination selectable from a first spectral band and a second wavelength of illumination selectable from a second spectral band, wherein the second wavelength of illumination is different from the first wavelength of illumination, wherein the first wavelength of illumination is reflected, scattered, or radiated by at least a first layer comprised of a first material of the sample and is transmitted by at least a second layer comprised of a second material of the sample, wherein the second wavelength of illumination is reflected, scattered, or radiated by the at least the second layer of the sample;
a first detector including one or more imaging sensors configured to detect illumination reflected, scattered, or radiated along a first imaging path from the selected portion of the sample in response to the first wavelength of illumination;
a second detector including one or more imaging sensors configured to detect illumination reflected, scattered, or radiated along a second imaging path from the selected portion of the sample in response to the second wavelength of illumination; and
a computing system communicatively coupled with the one or more imaging sensors of the first detector and the one or more imaging sensors of the second detector, wherein the computing system is configured to:
receive imaging data from the first detector for a first inspection pass and a second inspection pass;
receive imaging data from the second detector for the first inspection pass and the second inspection pass;
align the imaging data received from the first detector for the first inspection pass and the second inspection pass, wherein the imaging data received from the second detector for the first inspection pass and the second inspection pass is utilized as a reference for the alignment; and
compare the imaging data received from the first detector for the first inspection pass and the second inspection pass to differentiate a portion of the imaging data received from the first detector for the first inspection pass and the second inspection pass that is attributable to nuisance from a portion of the imaging data received from the first detector for the first inspection pass and the second inspection pass that is attributable to a sample defect of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,429,318

DETECTION SYSTEM FOR A MULTILAYER FILM AND METHOD THEREOF USING DUAL IMAGE CAPTURE DEVICES FOR CAPTURING FORWARD SCATTERED LIGHT AND BACK SCATTERED LIGHT

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A detection system for a multilayer film, comprising:a light source device, projecting a pair of parallel incident light to a transparent multilayer film obliquely for producing and enabling a forward scattered light and a back scattered light to be emitted therefrom;
a first image capture device, capturing the back scattered light to produce a first image;
a second image capture device, capturing the forward scattered light to produce a second image; and
an image processing device, coupling to the first image capture device and the second image capture device for comparing and detecting the differences between the second image and the first image.

US Pat. No. 10,429,317

OPTICAL DEVICE FOR DETECTING AN INTERNAL FLAW OF A TRANSPARENT SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR THE SAME

SAINT-GOBAIN GLASS FRANCE...

1. An optical device for detecting an internal flaw of a transparent substrate, comprising:a first detection unit configured to detect the substrate at a predetermined low resolution, wherein the first detection unit comprises a first photosensitive element and a first lens between the substrate and the first photosensitive element, and the first photosensitive element and the first lens are disposed such that an object plane is inclined relative to the substrate;
a second detection unit configured to detect the substrate at a predetermined high resolution, wherein the second detection unit comprises a second photosensitive element and a second lens between the substrate and the second photosensitive element; and
a processor configured to: determine a portion of the flaws detected by the first detection unit as flaws to be detected by the second detection unit, and determine a type of the flaw based on an image for the substrate imaged by the second detection unit, the processor is further configured to determine a position of the flaw in the substrate in a thickness direction based on a position of a pixel where the flaw is imaged on the first photosensitive element when the image for the flaw imaged by the first detection unit has an optimum sharpness, so as to determine whether the flaw is a flaw to be detected by the second detection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,315

IMAGING APPARATUS AND IMAGING METHOD

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An imaging apparatus, comprising:a stage to position a sample in an object plane and to move the sample in a predetermined transfer direction;
an illumination light source to output an illumination light;
a first diffraction grid positioned at a first conjugate focal plane that is within an illumination optical system, the first diffraction grid configured to transmit the illumination light received from the illumination light source toward a sample on the stage;
a second diffraction grid positioned at a second conjugate focal plane that is within an imaging optical system, the second diffraction grid configured to transmit light reflected from the sample; and
an image sensor to receive the light reflected from the sample transmitted by the second diffraction grid,
wherein the first conjugate focal plane, the second conjugate focal plane and the object plane are elements of the same conjugate set of focal planes of the imaging apparatus, and
wherein the image sensor is configured to operate repetitively at a timing in synchronization with a movement of the stage to obtain a time delay integration image.

US Pat. No. 10,429,314

EUV VESSEL INSPECTION METHOD AND RELATED SYSTEM

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method, comprising:providing a panoramic camera adapted for use within an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) vessel, wherein the panoramic camera includes two opposing fish-eye camera lenses;
capturing, by way of a single shot of the panoramic camera, an image of an interior of the EUV vessel; and
based on the image of the interior of the EUV vessel, quantifying a level of contamination within the EUV vessel.

US Pat. No. 10,429,313

METHODS, TEST STRUCTURES, AND TEST SYSTEMS FOR DETERMINING A SURFACE CHARACTERISTIC OF A CHIP FACET

Elenion Technologies, LLC...

1. A test system for determining a surface characteristic of a chip facet, the test system comprising:a first chip having a facet, the first chip including a first waveguide configured to direct test light towards the facet;
a detector configured to measure an amount of a portion of the test light reflected by the facet or a portion of the test light transmitted by the facet; and
a processor configured to determine a surface characteristic of the facet on the basis of the measured amount;
wherein the first waveguide is configured to receive the reflected portion of the test light from the facet, wherein the first chip further includes a second waveguide, wherein the first waveguide and the second waveguide are coupled by a directional coupler or a multimode interference coupler, and wherein the detector is coupled to the second waveguide to measure the reflected portion of the test light.

US Pat. No. 10,429,312

DRIP CHAMBER WITH INTEGRATED OPTICS

BAXTER INTERNATIONAL INC....

1. A drip chamber for an infusion tube, comprising:a first end arranged to receive a drip tube;
a second end including an exit port;
at least one wall connecting the first and second ends, said at least one wall including a flat portion;
a space enclosed by the first and second ends and the at least one wall;
at least one lens including a flat surface and an opposing curved surface, said flat surface of said at least one lens being directly fixed to said flat portion of said at least one wall and configured for receiving light transmitted through the space and focusing and transmitting the light to another lens; and
at least one specially programmed processor configured to:
generate at least one image of the space, said at least one image including an image of a drop pendant from an end of the drip tube; and
calculate a volume of the pendant drop from the image of the drop pendant.

US Pat. No. 10,429,311

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ANALYZING A LIQUID MEDIUM

Ecolab USA Inc., Saint P...

1. A method of controlling an oxidizing biocide in an industrial water system, the method comprising:exposing a reactive zone of a chemical test strip to the industrial water thereby creating a post-exposure reactive zone;
imaging the post-exposure reactive zone using an imaging device thereby creating a digital image of the post-exposure reactive zone;
analyzing a colorimetric parameter of at least a portion of the digital image of the post-exposure reactive zone using image analyzing software to determine the concentration of the oxidizing biocide; and
modifying the oxidizing biocide in the industrial water system based on the determined concentration by at least one of changing an injection rate of the oxidizing biocide, changing a concentration set point of the oxidizing biocide, or changing a type of the oxidizing biocide.

US Pat. No. 10,429,310

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SENSING A PARAMETER

NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY, E...

1. An apparatus comprising:a plurality of sensor elements wherein the sensor elements are configured to be actuated in response to exposure to a parameter and the apparatus is configured to record when each of the sensor elements are actuated wherein:
the plurality of sensor elements comprises at least a first subset of one or more sensor elements and at least a second subset of one or more sensor elements where the first subset of one or more sensor elements is actuated in response to a first level of exposure to a parameter and the second subset of one or more sensor elements is actuated in response to a second level of exposure to a parameter,
wherein at least one of the plurality of sensor elements comprise a portion of sensing material and an irreversible memory portion, wherein the portion of sensing material and the irreversible memory portion are connected in a circuit;
wherein the plurality of sensor elements are arranged such that when the exposure to the parameter sensed by the sensing material exceeds a threshold value, a reversible change in conductivity of the sensing material caused by the exposure to the parameter causes an irreversible change in an electrical characteristic of the irreversible memory portion, thereby causing an irreversible change in an electrical characteristic in the circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,307

SPECTROMETRIC MEASURING DEVICE

23. A spectrometric measuring device for a process measuring point, comprising:a housing;
a radiation source disposed in the housing;
a coupling and decoupling optical system structured to decouple radiation of the radiation source from the housing and direct the radiation into a measuring medium in a measuring region external to the housing, and to couple measuring radiation from the measuring region into the housing;
a spectrograph disposed in the housing and aligned in relation to the coupling and decoupling optical system such that the measuring radiation coupled into the housing from the measuring region is detected by the spectrograph, wherein the spectrograph is configured to disperse the measuring radiation into a spectrum and to register the spectrum using a detector;
an electronic device disposed in the housing and connected to the detector, the electronic device configured to detect and process the registered spectrum to determine, based upon the spectrum, a measurand correlated to the concentration of at least one analyte in the measuring medium; and
a connection connected to the housing, the connection structured to enable connecting the housing to a process container containing the measuring medium, wherein the measuring region is located within a volume area of the process container, said volume area containing the measuring medium, and
wherein the connection includes an immersion changeover device integrated into a wall of the process container, the immersion changeover device structured to move at least a portion of the housing adjacent the process container, which includes a window embodied to couple and decouple radiation into the measuring region of the process container, between a service position retracted into a service chamber of the immersion changeover device and a measuring position extended into the process container.

US Pat. No. 10,429,305

METHODS OF HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGING A STRUCTURE OF A SAMPLE, THE STRUCTURE BEING MARKED WITH FLUORESCENCE MARKERS

ABBERIOR INSTRUMENTS GMBH...

1. A method of high-resolution imaging a structure of a sample, the structure being marked with fluorescence markers, the method comprisingsuperimposing an intensity maximum of focused fluorescence excitation light with an intensity minimum of focused fluorescence inhibition light, the intensity minimum being enclosed by intensity maxima of the focused fluorescence inhibition light, to form a light intensity distribution,
subjecting the sample to the light intensity distribution,
selectively scanning partial areas of interest of the sample with the intensity minimum of the focused fluorescence inhibition light of the light intensity distribution,
registering fluorescence light emitted out of the sample and allocating the registered fluorescence light to a respective location of the intensity minimum of the focused fluorescence inhibition light of the light intensity distribution in the sample, and
terminating subjecting the sample to at least the focused fluorescence inhibition light of the light intensity distribution at each location of the intensity minimum of the focused fluorescence inhibition light of the light intensity distribution, if at least one criterion selected from the following criteria is met for the respective location of the intensity minimum of the focused fluorescence inhibition light of the light intensity distribution:
a predetermined maximum light amount of the fluorescence light emitted out of the sample has been registered,
a predetermined minimum light amount of the fluorescence light emitted out of the sample has not been registered within a predetermined period of time,
wherein the partial areas of interest of the sample are selected in that the focused fluorescence excitation light is at first directed directly successively to partial areas of the sample which are located one behind the other in a scanning direction in scanning the sample, wherein fluorescence light emitted out of the sample is registered and wherein the partial areas of the sample are defined as partial areas of interest, if, within a predetermined test period of time, a predetermined minimal light amount of the fluorescence light emitted out of the sample has been registered, and
wherein the sample is afterwards scanned over the partial areas of the sample arranged one after the other in the scanning direction, wherein subjecting the sample to at least the focused fluorescence inhibition light of the light intensity distribution only takes place in the partial areas of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,429,303

PORTABLE AND AUTONOMOUS, IOT ENABLED, OPTICAL MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A portable optical measurement system for performing metal trace analysis on a liquid sample, the system comprising:a sample holder for holding an analysis substrate that includes a reference region and at least one test region co-planar with the reference region on the analysis substrate, the at least one test region including the liquid sample during the metal trace analysis, the reference region acting as a baseline, and the at least one test region testing a respective one of multiple liquid samples;
an ultraviolet (UV) light source for emitting ultraviolet light illuminating the liquid sample;
an optical sensor for detecting radiation emanating from the liquid sample and converting the detected radiation into an electrical signal;
a microcontroller for processing the electrical signal; and
an external interface for transmitting the processed electrical signal to an external device,
wherein the analysis substrate is configured for manual movement by a user, the system further comprises a tracking system for detecting a sample scanning location for the metal trace analysis, wherein the tracking system comprises a light source, other than the UV light source, and another optical sensor, and wherein the other optical sensor detects light emitted by the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,429,301

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INVESTIGATING A SAMPLE BY MEANS OF OPTICAL PROJECTION TOMOGRAPHY

Leica Microsystems CMS Gm...

12. An apparatus for investigating a sample by means of optical projection tomography, the apparatus comprising:a light source that generates an illuminating light bundle that illuminates the sample to be investigated,
a transmission detector for detecting a transmitted light bundle that contains light of the illuminating light bundle transmitted through the sample, and
an objective having an optical axis,
wherein the illuminating light bundle and the transmitted light bundle proceed in opposite propagation directions through the objective, and wherein an illuminating light deflecting means deflects the illuminating light bundle, after the illuminating light bundle has passed through the objective, in such a way that the illuminating light bundle propagates such that a central axis of the illuminating light bundle defining a propagation direction of the illuminating light bundle is at an angle different from zero degrees with respect to the optical axis of the objective.

US Pat. No. 10,429,298

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE REFLECTANCE OF AN OBJECT AND ASSOCIATED DEVICE

COLOR GRAIL RESEARCH, Le...

1. A method for determining the reflectance of an object, the method comprising the following steps:illuminating the object using an outside illuminant having an unknown and variable illumination,
emitting at least one flash of light illuminating the object, each flash of light being emitted by a source and having a known illumination in a wavelength range,
collecting the wave reflected by the object to form at least one image on a sensor,
obtaining an equation with several unknowns, the equation being obtained from formed images, the reflectance of the object and the illumination of the outside illuminant being two unknowns of the equation,
solving the equation,the step for solving the equation comprisingcalculating solution points of the equation,
interpolating points calculated by an interpolation function, and
using at least one of the following approximations to solve the equation:
a first approximation according to which each image is derived from the emission of a separate flash of light,
a second approximation according to which the interpolation function determines the stability points of the equation, and
a third approximation according to which the illumination of the outside illuminant at the moment of emission of a flash of light is equal to the illumination of the outside illuminant at a preceding moment.

US Pat. No. 10,429,297

MONITORING OPACITY OF SMOKE EXHAUSTED BY WOOD STOVE AND CONTROLLING WOOD STOVE BASED ON SAME

Acumentor LLC, Centralia...

1. A wood stove monitoring device comprising:a mounting flange mountable to and fittable over a chimney exhaust pipe of a wood stove, the mounting flange movably positionable vertically along the chimney exhaust pipe;
a ring removably mountable on top of the mounting flange, the ring having an interior surface and a plurality of exterior flat surfaces, the mounting flange suitably positionable vertically along the chimney exhaust pipe so that the ring is positioned at least partially above an end of the chimney exhaust pipe;
an optical beam source disposed on a first exterior flat surface of the exterior flat surfaces of the ring, the optical beam source generating and outputting an optical beam perpendicular to the first exterior flat surface and through a corresponding hole within the first exterior flat surface and the interior surface of the ring;
an optical sensor disposed on a second exterior flat surface of the exterior flat surfaces of the ring opposite to the first exterior flat surface, the optical sensor linearly aligned with the optical beam source to detect the optical beam output by the optical beam source as the optical beam passes through smoke exhausted by the wood stove through the chimney exhaust pipe; and
a temperature probe disposed on a third exterior flat surface of the exterior flat surfaces of the ring and extending through the third exterior flat surface and the interior surface of the ring, the temperature probe measuring a temperature of heat exhausted by the wood stove through the chimney exhaust pipe;
a thermal energy generation stack disposed on a fourth exterior flat surface of the exterior flat surfaces of the ring, the thermal energy generation stack generating electrical power responsive to heat exhausted by the wood stove through the chimney exhaust pipe,
wherein the optical beam source and the optical sensor are powered by the electrical power that the thermal energy generation stack generates;
a heat regulating transfer mechanism to conductively transfer heat from the ring and to reduce the heat transferred from the ring;
a thermal energy generator having a first surface attached to the heat transfer mechanism and converting the heat transferred by the heat regulating transfer mechanism to the power; and
a cooling mechanism attached to a second surface of the thermal energy generator opposite the first surface, the cooling mechanism cooling the thermal energy generator.

US Pat. No. 10,429,296

MULTILAYER FILM METROLOGY USING AN EFFECTIVE MEDIA APPROXIMATION

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A metrology system comprising:a controller communicatively coupled to a detector configured to generate a detection signal based on reflection of an illumination beam from a multilayer film stack, wherein the multilayer film stack includes one or more zones with two or more material compositions disposed in a repeating pattern, wherein a number of layers of each material composition within the one or more zones is known, the controller including one or more processors configured to execute program instructions causing the one or more processors to:
model reflection of the illumination beam by the multilayer film stack by modeling the one or more zones of repeating layers of the multilayer film stack as thick films having zone thicknesses and effective permittivity values using an effective medium model, wherein the effective medium model relates the effective permittivity values of the one or more zones to permittivity values of the two or more material compositions and volume fractions of the two or more material compositions within the one or more zones;
determine values of the zone thicknesses and the volume fractions using a regression of the detection signal based on the effective medium model; and
determine average thickness values of the two or more material compositions within the one or more zones based on the number of films having each of the two or more material compositions, the zone thicknesses, the volume fractions, and the effective permittivity values.

US Pat. No. 10,429,295

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE DETECTION OF THE PRESENCE OF MYCOTOXINS IN CEREALS

TOMRA SORTING N.V., Leuv...

1. A method for detecting the presence of mycotoxins in cereals, the method comprising:capturing at least one diffuse-light absorption spectrum of a collection of cereal grains;
capturing at least one diffuse-light absorption spectrum of an individual cereal grain from the collection of cereal grains; and
classifying the level of mycotoxin contamination in at least one cereal grain by performing multivariate data analysis on the at least one diffuse-light absorption spectrum of the collection of cereal grains and the at least one diffuse-light absorption spectrum of the individual cereal grain.

US Pat. No. 10,429,294

OPTICAL PAINTING AND FLUORESCENCE-ACTIVATED SORTING OF ADHERENT CELLS

University of Washington,...

1. A method of optically marking and sorting adherent cells, the method comprising:providing a plurality of adherent cells attached to a substrate, each adherent cell of the plurality of adherent cells comprising an optical marker comprising a chromophoric polymer particle in a first optical state, the optical marker being convertible from the first optical state to a second optical state upon application of light energy, wherein an emission intensity of the optical marker at a peak emission wavelength in the first optical state is at least 10-fold different than an emission intensity of the optical marker at the peak emission wavelength in the second optical state, and wherein the optical marker has a time constant of reversion rate of at least 3 hours at 25° C.;
selectively applying the light energy to a subset of the plurality of adherent cells while attached to the substrate, thereby selectively converting the optical markers of the subset from the first optical state to the second optical state;
detaching the plurality of adherent cells from the substrate; and
sorting the plurality of adherent cells based on the emission intensity of the optical marker.

US Pat. No. 10,429,291

MULTI-SPECTRAL FILTER PROFILING AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR FLOW CYTOMETRY

Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc...

1. A method for determining filtering characteristics for one or more flow cytometry systems including a first flow cytometry system, the method comprising:emitting, at different first times, different spectral profiles of calibration light from a calibration light source installed in the first flow cytometry system, wherein each spectral profile of calibration light has one or more intensity peaks at different wavelengths, and wherein the calibration light source is different than a first sample illumination source of the first flow cytometry system, the first sample illumination source being configured to deliver light to one or more first sample locations of the first flow cytometry system, thereby producing first emitted or scattered sample light;
directing some of the calibration light emitted at the first times along at least a portion of one or more first optical paths of the first flow cytometry system, wherein each first optical path passes through a corresponding one or more first optical filter elements of the first flow cytometry system, and wherein each first optical path directs first emitted or scattered sample light from one of the one or more first sample locations to a corresponding first detector of the first flow cytometry system when the first sample illumination source is caused to deliver light to the one or more first sample locations;
measuring, for each different spectral profile of calibration light emitted at one of the first times, the light intensity at each of the one or more first detectors, wherein each of the one or more first detectors produces first output data that is indicative of the measured light intensity of the calibration light that reaches the first detector; and
analyzing the first output data from one of the one or more first detectors produced during the emission of at least two different spectral profiles of calibration light by the calibration light source in association with the corresponding first times to determine the first filtering characteristics of the first optical filter elements along the first optical path corresponding to that first detector.

US Pat. No. 10,429,289

PARTICLE DETECTION

GARRETT THERMAL SYSTEMS L...

1. A method of correcting light scattering measurements made by a particle detection system that emits a beam of light, the method including:providing a light receiver adapted to receive the beam of light at a terminal end thereof;
determining fractional light loss along the beam of light; and
correcting scattering measurements made in respect of a primary light source of the particle detection system on the basis of the determined fractional light loss;
wherein, determining fractional light loss along the beam, includes measuring fractional light loss with the receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,429,287

INTERFEROMETRIC METHOD FOR MEASURING A SIZE OF PARTICLE IN THE PRESENCE OF A GAP

OSAKA UNIVERSITY, Osaka ...

1. A device comprising:a first member, and
a second member forming a gap together with the first member, wherein
the gap has one end and another end, the one end being wider than the other end,
the second member is superposed on the first member,
the second member has an opposite surface opposite to the first member,
the opposite surface has a groove that forms the gap,
the groove extends from the one end toward the other end of the gap,
the groove is configured to generate interference fringes in the gap upon irradiation of the gap with a plurality of monochromatic light beams having different wavelengths, the interference fringes appearing for the respective monochromatic light beams,
portions of the opposite surface located on respective opposite sides of the groove are in contact with the first member,
the first member has a longer length than the second member in a direction in which the groove extends, and
the first member has a portion extending outward of the one end in the direction in which the groove extends.

US Pat. No. 10,429,286

VIBRONIC SENSOR

1. A vibronic sensor for determining and/or monitoring at least one process variable of a medium in a container, comprising:at least one unit which can oscillate mechanically;
a driving/receiving unit; and
an electronics unit, wherein:
said driving/receiving unit is designed to excite, via an electrical excitation signal, mechanical oscillations in said at least one unit which can oscillate mechanically and to receive said mechanical oscillations of said at least one unit which can oscillate mechanically, and to convert said mechanical oscillations into an electrical receiving signal;
said electronics unit is designed to generate the excitation signal on the basis of said receiving signal and to determine said at least one process variable from the receiving signal;
said electronics unit comprises at least one adaptive filter;
said electronics unit is designed to set a filter characteristic of said adaptive filter in such a way that there is a target phase shift between said excitation signal and said receiving signal;
said electronics unit is designed to set said target phase shift by setting a center frequency of said adaptive filter; and
said electronics unit comprises a phase control unit, which controls said center frequency of said adaptive filter in such a manner that there is a specifiable value for a phase shift between an input signal and an output signal of said adaptive filter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,285

APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NEED FOR MAINTENANCE AND VISCOMETER

VALMET AUTOMATION OY, Es...

2. A viscometer for measuring consistency of suspension, the viscometer comprising:a rigid rod and a measuring arm, a first end which is coupled with a projection insertable in the suspension;
the measuring arm comprises an elongated cavity;
the rigid rod is matched with the cavity for the rod to be movable by rotating around a longitudinal axis in the cavity; and
the cavity is configured to become mismatched with respect to the rod in response to a bending of the measuring arm, the mismatch indicating a need for maintenance of the viscometer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,284

IN SITU ENVIRONMENTALLY-ISOLATED WEAR TESTER

1. An in situ testing system comprising:a wear tester, wherein the tester comprises:
a sample mount configured to hold a sample;
a first positioner configured to position the sample mount;
a tip configured to contact a surface of the sample; and
a load cell configured to apply a normal load to the tip and to measure a friction arising from contact between the tip and the surface of the sample; and
an enclosure configured to house the tester, wherein the enclosure comprises:
a base plate;
a plurality of side walls and a top wall configured to provide an internal chamber;
a sealing surface formed between a portion of the surface of the base plate and an edge of each of the plurality of side walls;
a vacuum exchange port configured to introduce an additional sample to the tester without changing an environment maintained within the internal chamber; and
an overpressure valve configured to release one or more fluids within the internal chamber of the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,429,283

FRUIT TESTING DEVICE

CREATIVE VIEWPOINT MACHIN...

1. A device for measuring a compressibility characteristic of a test object comprising:(a) at least one gravity assisted measuring station comprising:
(i) a riser;
(ii) a sampling arm associated with said riser;
(iii) at least one sensor element associated with said sampling arm;
(iv) a paddle associated with said sensor element;
wherein said sampling arm is attached to said riser in a manner that enables said sampling arm to move vertically upward in synchronicity with an upward movement of said riser;
wherein said sampling arm is attached to said riser in a manner that enables said sampling arm to decouple its downward movement from a downward vertical movement of said riser following an instance of first contact of said sensor element or said paddle with a test object to be measured by said sensor element;
(b) a turntable;
wherein said turntable is rotationally indexable with respect to the position of said measuring station; and
(c) a drive mechanism which operates to index said turntable to a position corresponding to said measuring station and which operates to raise and lower said riser during a measurement operation.

US Pat. No. 10,429,282

DETECTION OF ORGANIC HALIDE COMPOUNDS USING CLOSE LOOP FLOW ASSISTED ELECTRO-ENHANCED SOLID-PHASE MICROEXTRACTION

King Fahd University of P...

1. A method for detecting and quantifying one or more haloether compounds in an aqueous sample, comprising:inducing a flow state to the aqueous sample to form a flowing aqueous sample, wherein the aqueous sample is confined to a sample system comprising a sample container, an extraction vial, a pump, and tubing fluidly connecting the sample container, the extraction vial and the pump, and the flow state is a continuous flow of the aqueous sample in the sample system;
immersing a fiber and an electrode into the flowing aqueous sample, wherein the fiber and the electrode are disposed in the extraction vial;
applying a negative voltage to the fiber and a positive voltage to the electrode while the fiber is in contact with the flowing aqueous sample to adsorb the one or more haloether compounds onto the fiber;
removing the fiber from the flowing aqueous sample and thermally desorbing the one or more haloether compounds from the fiber in an injection port of a gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer (GC-MS);
subjecting the one or more haloether compounds to GC-MS analysis to detect and determine a concentration of the one or more haloether compounds,
wherein the aqueous solution has a pH of 2; and
wherein the one or more haloether compounds are selected from the group consisting of chlorophenyl phenyl ether and bromophenyl phenyl ether.

US Pat. No. 10,429,280

METHODS FOR HEATING MICROSCOPE SLIDES CARRYING SPECIMENS

Ventana Medical Systems, ...

1. A method for processing microscope slides carrying specimens, the method comprising:robotically delivering the microscope slides to a drying station, the microscope slides carrying transfer liquid and the specimens, which include tissue sections;
moving the microscope slides within the drying station such that the microscopic slides are positioned at an angle of inclination to promote draining of the transfer liquid from the microscope slides;
heating the microscope slides held at the angle of inclination such that a temperature along each of the microscope slides is higher than about 50 degrees Celsius to at least partially dry specimens carried by the microscope slides;
after at least partially drying the specimens,
robotically delivering the microscope slides from the drying station to a staining station;
delivering stains onto the microscope slides, carrying the at least partially dried specimens, using the staining station;
robotically transporting the microscope slides from the staining station to a cover-slipping station; and
robotically placing coverslips on the microscope slides using the cover-slipping station.

US Pat. No. 10,429,279

DEVICES AND CARTRIDGES FOR EXTRACTING BIO-SAMPLE REGIONS AND MOLECULES OF INTEREST

XMD, LLC, Sterling, VA (...

1. A cartridge for extracting biological material from a biological sample, the cartridge comprising:a film pre-loaded on the cartridge, wherein the film comprises a substrate suitable for extracting biological material from the biological sample;
an adjustable link for attaching the cartridge to a slide upon which the biological sample has been mounted, wherein the cartridge and slide form a single unit after attaching the cartridge to the slide;
a pull tab which is attached to the film, wherein the pull tab enables the film to be removed from the cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,429,278

COMPOSITE GAS SAMPLING SYSTEM

Mustang Sampling, LLC, R...

1. A system for selected sampling cryogenic liquid hydrocarbon source where the liquid hydrocarbon has been vaporized and conditioned by a vaporizer during transfer processing, comprising:a housing;
a controller for controlling the gas sampling operation contained within the housing;
a vaporized gas port providing a first, a second and a third gas stream feed lines adapted to receive a vaporized gas sample of a select volume at a select time;
a gas analyzer connected to said first gas stream feed line; a speed loop connected to said second feed line;
a plurality of removable, sample cylinders connected to the speed loop for collection of non-composite fresh samples at select times directly from the vaporizer;
an accumulator connected to said third gas stream for receiving a select volume of gas to create a composite sample of vaporized gas;
at least one pump associated with said accumulator to build accumulator pressure at a level to prevent dew point drop out of the vaporized gas;
a plurality of removable sample grab cylinders for receiving composite vaporized gas samples from the accumulator;
a residual gas removal array for removing residual gas as from the system following transfer processing of the cryogenic liquid hydrocarbon.

US Pat. No. 10,429,274

VERTICAL HIGH SPEED TESTING DEVICE FOR SPIRAL SEAL OF CONE BIT BEARING

Southwest Petrolem Univer...

1. A vertical high-speed testing device for a spiral seal of a cone bit bearing, comprising:an upper fixed plate;
a cone;
a shaft, in which a first through hole, a second through hole and a third through hole are formed;
a spiral sleeve, which is in threaded connection to the cone, and an inner surface of which is provided with sealing threads, and there is a clearance between the sealing threads and the shaft;
a liquid cylinder, inside which the cone, the spiral sleeve and the shaft are all arranged; and
a lower fixed plate;
wherein, both the cone and the spiral sleeve are sheathed on the shaft; a first cavity, which is sealed, is formed between the cone and the shaft; the first through hole is communicated with the first cavity; the upper fixed plate and the lower fixed plate are connected to upper and lower ends of the liquid cylinder, respectively, to form a second cavity communicated with the first cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,429,273

DEVICE FOR MEASURING TIRE GROUND STATE

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. A device for measuring a tire ground state comprising:a traveling surface;
a tire drive unit which grounds a tire on the traveling surface and rolls the tire;
a measuring sheet which is mounted to a partial area of the traveling surface and is provided for measuring the tire ground state;
a protection sheet which covers the measuring sheet; and
a backward and forward tensile force application mechanism which applies a tensile force along a tire forward traveling direction to the protection sheet,
wherein a space conducting the protection sheet to a portion below the traveling surface is formed in at least one of a delay side and an advance side of the measuring sheet in the tire forward traveling direction on the traveling surface, and
wherein the backward and forward tensile force application mechanism has a roller which is arranged within the space, and is structured such as to pull at least one end of the protection sheet fixed to the roller in the tire forward traveling direction from the below of the traveling surface by rotating the roller.

US Pat. No. 10,429,271

CAMERA TESTING USING REVERSE PROJECTION

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A computer-implemented method for computing a modulation transfer function or spatial frequency response of an imaging system, the method comprising:on a computing device, receiving a digital test image captured via the imaging system, the digital test image having a plurality of pixels;
determining a region of interest in the digital test image;
fitting a boundary delineation to a boundary between a light segment and a dark segment of the region of interest, the boundary delineation being non-parallel relative to an edge of the digital test image;
generating a plurality of accumulation cells running along an accumulation line perpendicular to the boundary delineation, the plurality of accumulation cells collectively comprising a one-dimensional accumulation array;
loading each accumulation cell of the one-dimensional accumulation array with an accumulated pixel value, the accumulated pixel value being based on pixel values sampled from each of a plurality of sampling locations along a projection ray extending through the accumulation cell and through the region of interest, such that each projection ray is parallel to the boundary delineation and non-parallel relative to the edge of the digital test image; and
deriving the modulation transfer function or the spatial frequency response of the imaging system from the one-dimensional accumulation array.

US Pat. No. 10,429,270

WIND TUNNEL FOR HUMAN FLIGHT

Inclined Labs AB, Bromma...

1. A wind tunnel for stable sustained human flight for research or recreation, comprising:a tunnel comprising a first portion having a first central axis and a second portion having a second central axis wherein the second portion is a test section, allowing humans to achieve sustained gliding flight therein,
said first central axis and said second central axis being arranged at a first angle with respect to each other,
at least one fan for creating an air flow in the test section, and
said second central axis is at a second angle with respect to a horizontal plane, said second angle being 15°-60°.

US Pat. No. 10,429,267

PIPE ASSEMBLY

DURA-LINE CORPORATION, K...

1. A method comprising:connecting a pulse generator to a pipe assembly comprising a pipe, an insulating jacket coupled to the pipe via an attachment base, and a tracer wire within the insulating jacket, wherein width of the attachment base is greater than width of the insulating jacket, wherein the insulating jacket and the attachment base define a T-shape such that the attachment base is positioned between the tracer wire and the pipe;
passing pulses through the tracer wire by the pulse generator;
receiving reflections of the pulses from the tracer wire; and
analyzing the reflections to determine presence of a leak in the pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,429,265

COMPONENT DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A DAMAGE IN A BONDING OF A COMPONENT DEVICE

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE ...

1. A component device for a primary supporting component of an aircraft, comprising:a first component element;
a second component element;
a bonding which provides a connection between the first component element and the second component element; and
a detector device with at least one interior space sensor device that measures a change of the pressure and/or of a concentration of a gas surrounding the interior space sensor device;
wherein the first component element, the second component element, and the bonding confine an interior space;
wherein the interior space sensor device is arranged in the interior space;
wherein the interior space sensor device comprises a first interior space sensor that measures the absolute pressure of the gases surrounding the first interior space sensor, a second interior space sensor that measures the partial pressure of a gas surrounding the second interior space sensor, and a third interior space sensor that measures the concentration of a gas surrounding the third interior space sensor; and
wherein the interior space sensor device comprises a plurality of different second interior space sensors, each of which is configured to measure the partial pressure of a different gas, and/or a plurality of different third interior space sensors, each of which is configured to measure the concentration of a different gas.

US Pat. No. 10,429,262

PROTECTIVE CASINGS FOR GAUGE ASSEMBLIES HAVING GAUGES AND HOSES

Gauge Guardian, LLC, Kau...

1. A protective casing for a manifold gauge assembly having a gauge and a hose, the protective casing comprising:a base member having a first end and an opposite, second end; and
a pair of opposing side members that each extend from the base member in a first direction such that the base member and the pair of opposing side members define a cavity, and wherein the pair of opposing side members define a channel through which the hose passes into the cavity such that the hose is received in the cavity and the gauge is positioned at the first end;
wherein the base member has an aperture that aligns with the channel to thereby form a handle, and wherein the aperture is defined by an inner edge having a base member ridge that divides the aperture into a first finger section and a second finger section; and
wherein one side member in the pair of opposing side members has a first side edge with a first side ridge that aligns with the base member ridge.

US Pat. No. 10,429,260

TIRE PRESSURE SENSING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

ALLIGATOR VENTILFABRIK GM...

1. A tyre pressure sensing device for detecting a tyre pressure in a pneumatic tyre, comprising:a housing, comprising at least a contact surface for setting on a rim carrying the pneumatic tyre and containing a pressure sensor;
a retainer fastenable to the rim, carrying the housing; and
a spring element connected to the retainer and connected to the housing; whereby the spring element is embedded partially into the housing and the housing in the area in which the spring element is embedded, comprises at least one opening into the housing partially or completely sealed by a soft component, which surrounds the spring element partially, the soft component having a reduced hardness and higher elasticity than the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,429,257

HIGH-DAMPING RUBBER ISOLATION BEARING, INTELLIGENT BEARING AND BEARING MONITORING SYSTEM

Shenzhen Innova-Wise Engi...

1. A high-damping rubber isolation bearing, comprising:a top bearing plate,
a bottom bearing plate,
a high-damping rubber bearing body fixedly arranged between the top bearing plate and the bottom bearing plate,
a base plate stacked together with the top bearing plate, and
at least one pressure sensing unit arranged between the stacked top bearing plate and base plate;
wherein, the at least one pressure sensing unit and the base plate are sequentially arranged between the top bearing plate and the high damping rubber bearing body, the at least one pressure sensing unit is arranged in a gap between the top bearing plate and the base plate, the length of the pressure sensing unit is the same as that of a side of the base plate attached by the pressure sensing unit,
wherein, the pressure sensing unit is a nano-rubber sensor, a limit unit is arranged on a lateral side of the base plate which is subjected to a lateral force, the limit unit is used to limit lateral movement of the base plate and the sensing unit, a combination of the base plate, the sensing unit and the limit unit is used to lead out lead wire and facilitate replacement of the sensing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,254

PIEZO FORCE SENSOR WITH SOLID-STATE BONDING SPACER

UNIVERSAL CEMENT CORPORAT...

1. A force sensor, comprising:a top stack comprising:
a top substrate,
a top electrode, and
a top piezo material,
a bottom stack arranged under the top stack in a thickness direction of the force sensor, the bottom stack comprising:
a bottom substrate,
a bottom electrode, and
a bottom piezo material; and
a solid-state bonding spacer sandwiched, in the thickness direction of the force sensor, between the top substrate and the bottom substrate and keeping a fixed relative position between the top substrate and the bottom substrate in a baseline state,
wherein
the top piezo material has a first top extension extending laterally beyond a side edge of the top electrode to cover a portion of a bottom surface of the top substrate, and
the first top extension of the top piezo material is sandwiched, in the thickness direction of the force sensor, between the bottom surface of the top substrate and a top surface of the solid-state bonding spacer so that the top surface of the solid-state bonding spacer is connected to the first top extension of the top piezo material.

US Pat. No. 10,429,251

WIRELESS TEMPERATURE SENSOR FOR SOUS VIDE COOKING

Anova Applied Electronics...

1. A precision temperature cooking system comprising:a fluid agitation device;
a heating element;
at least one processor;
a wireless temperature sensor comprising:
a temperature sensor coupled to a plurality of temperature sensor wires and configured to determine a current temperature,
a housing enclosing a controller, a battery, a wireless radio, and a plurality of temperature sensor wires,
wherein the controller is configured to receive via the plurality of temperature sensor wires the current temperature, and
the wireless radio is configured to transmit the current temperature to the at least one processor; and
at least one memory, the memory storing instructions which when executed by the processor cause the processor to:
actuate the fluid agitation device and the heating element to heat a fluid of a fluid container to a predetermined temperature;
receive, via a wireless network connection from the wireless temperature sensor in the fluid of the fluid container, a current temperature; and
adjust at least one of the fluid agitation device and the heating element when the current temperature is not equal to the predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,429,245

RANDOM WAVELENGTH METER

UNIVERSITY COURT OF THE U...

1. A stabilization system for stabilizing an output of a controllable light or laser source, the stabilization system comprising:a randomizer for randomizing light output from the controllable light or laser source to generate a speckle pattern;
a detector for detecting the speckle pattern;
a processor or analyzer for analyzing the detected speckle pattern to determine one or more properties of the light output from the controllable light source or laser source and incident on the randomizer or to determine changes in the one or more properties of the light output from the controllable light or laser source and incident on the randomizer; and
a controller for controlling the controllable light or laser source based on the determined one or more properties of the light output from the controllable light or laser source and incident on the randomizer or based on the determined changes in the one or more properties of the light output from the controllable light or laser source and incident on the randomizer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,243

SPACE-BASED SODIUM LIDAR INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF OPERATION

U.S.A. as represented by ...

1. A Lidar instrument comprising:a laser transmitter including:
a continuous wave diode laser which emits laser beams at a predetermined wavelength, through mode matching lenses and a high reflective mirror to pump a c-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal;
a tunable seed continuous wave diode laser which emits laser beams through at least one mode matching lens, said laser beams which are redirected by a beam splitter to said c-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal, such that the tunable seed laser acts as an injection seeder for said c-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal to allow for tuning of the Nd:YVO4 crystal which tunes said continuous wave diode laser to produce light at a wavelength of 1066 nm;
wherein said tunable laser light after passing through said c-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal self-Raman shifts to 1178 nm;
wherein said continuous wave diode laser and said tunable seed continuous wave diode laser produce tunable laser light across the sodium D2 absorption line; and
wherein said c-cut Nd:YVO4 crystal is a zig-zag crystal which supports multiple total internal reflections of optical wave propagation therethrough, and increases an optical path length greater than a physical dimension of said zig-zag crystal.

US Pat. No. 10,429,239

COLOR CAPTURE ARRANGEMENT AND CORRECTION METHOD USING THE COLOR CAPTURE ARRANGEMENT

SensoPart Industriesensor...

1. A color capture arrangement for determining at least one color of an object to be identified, the color capture arrangement comprising:a directed light source configured to direct light towards the object;
evaluation electronics; and
a color capture device comprising:
at least three color identification sensors configured to receiving radiation reflected by the object; and
funnels as light-guiding elements,
wherein each funnel is disposed upstream of a color identification sensor, and
wherein at least one of the color identification sensors is a distance sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,429,238

OPTICAL MEASUREMENT METHOD AND OPTICAL MEASUREMENT APPARATUS

Otsuka Electronics Co., L...

1. An optical measurement method using a detector having a detection sensitivity to at least a near-infrared region, a first time range of exposure in which an output value from the detector is proportional to an intensity of light incident on the detector, and a second time range of exposure in which the output value from the detector is not proportional to the intensity of the light incident on the detector being obtained in advance, the optical measurement method comprising:obtaining the output value by measuring a light sample with an exposure time length with the detector, the exposure time length including a first exposure time length within the first time range and a second exposure time length within the second time range;
correcting the output value with an amount of correction corresponding to the output value, when the second exposure time length with which the output value is obtained is within the second time range,
the amount of correction comprising a product of a coefficient and a square of the second exposure time length, the coefficient indicating a degree to which the output value obtained when the light sample is measured with the detector with the second exposure time length within the second time range deviates from output linearity obtained when the light sample is measured with the detector at the first exposure time length within the first time range, the coefficient being determined based on the output value, the exposure time length with which the output value is obtained, and a correction coefficient,
obtaining a plurality of output values by measuring a light sample having a prescribed light intensity at a plurality of exposure time lengths with the detector, the plurality of exposure time lengths comprising one first exposure time length within the first time range and a plurality of second exposure time lengths within the second time range;
determining a set of the coefficients that define an approximate equation for the obtained plurality of output values;
varying the intensity of the light incident on the detector, and repeating the step of obtaining the plurality of output values and the step of determining the set of the coefficients; and
determining the correction coefficient by regression analysis of the obtained sets of the coefficients for the respective light intensities.

US Pat. No. 10,429,234

DISTRIBUTED FIBER OPTIC ACOUSTIC DETECTION DEVICE

NEUBREX CO., LTD., Kobe-...

1. A distributed fiber optic acoustic detection device that measures a distribution state of an acoustic wave by utilizing backscattered light disturbance due to strain of an optical fiber caused by the acoustic wave, the distributed fiber optic acoustic detection device comprising:a laser light source;
a pulse generator for shaping laser light emitted from the laser light source into an optical pulse, to inject into an optical fiber the optical pulse as a prove optical pulse for acoustic detection;
a delay circuit for delaying the laser light to be injected into the pulse generator for the pulse generator to inject a delayed optical pulse as a replica optical pulse of the prove optical pulse for acoustic detection;
a switching circuit for switching injection of the laser light into the pulse generator between directly and via the delay circuit;
a detector for detecting Rayleigh backscattered light returning to an input end of the optical fiber after backscattered in the optical fiber, to extract an intermediate frequency signal from the detected signal; and
a signal processor for processing the intermediate frequency signal extracted by the detector to convert the processed signal into a baseband signal,wherein during acoustic measurement,the prove optical pulse and the replica optical pulse are repeatedly injected one after another as an odd-numbered prove pulse and an even-numbered prove pulse, respectively, into the optical fiber at constant time intervals by the switching action of the switching circuit, and the signal processor processes the intermediate signal that is obtained by subtracting a Rayleigh backscattered signal responsive to an odd-numbered optical pulse from a Rayleigh backscattered signal responsive to the next even-numbered optical pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,429,233

OBJECT INFORMATION OBTAINING DEVICE, DISPLAY METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image generating apparatus, comprising:a light source configured to emit light;
an acoustic wave detecting unit configured to detect a photoacoustic wave generated in an object in response to irradiation with the light and output an electric signal in response to detection of the acoustic wave; and
an arithmetic unit configured to generate photoacoustic signal data based on the electric signal and generate image data based on the photoacoustic signal data,
wherein the arithmetic unit is configured to:
cause a display unit to display a plurality of candidates in image reconstruction processing, those of which are ready to be specified by a user,
perform image reconstruction processing specified by the user on the photoacoustic signal data configured to generate the image data; and
cause the display unit to display an image based on the image data,
wherein the arithmetic unit is configured to cause the display unit to display a plurality of candidates in image reconstruction processing including a time-domain image reconstruction processing, a Fourier-domain image reconstruction processing and a model base image reconstruction processing, those of which are ready to be specified by a user, and to display a state of progress in the corresponding image reconstruction processing.

US Pat. No. 10,429,226

WIRING INTERFACE FOR FLUID SENSORS

Scully Signal Company, W...

1. A cap for a fluid sensor, the cap comprising:a cap input port including a first toolless connector configured to removably couple to a first cable, the input port comprising a plurality of input terminals, each of the input terminals having an input ordinal value;
a cap output port including a second toolless connector configured to removably couple to a second cable, the cap output port comprising a plurality of output terminals, each of the output terminals having an output ordinal value; and
a plurality of cross-connections coupling the plurality of input terminals to the plurality of output terminals, at least one of the plurality of cross-connections coupling at least one of the plurality of input terminals to at least one of the plurality of output terminals, the at least one of the plurality of input terminals having at least one input ordinal value different from at least one output ordinal value of the at least one plurality of output terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,429,225

SCOOPING AND DISPENSING DEVICE

K3 Enterprises, LLC, Yub...

1. A scooping and dispensing device, comprising:a funnel including an upper opening and a lower opening, wherein the funnel comprises a passage between the upper opening and the lower opening, wherein the passage narrows between the upper opening and the lower opening, wherein the lower opening of the funnel is narrower than the upper opening of the funnel;
a cover rotatably connected to the funnel, the cover being rotatably adjustable between a first position in which the cover blocks the passage and a second position in which the cover fully covers the upper opening of the funnel; and
a handle connected to the cover such that the handle may be rotated to rotate the cover between the plurality of positions.

US Pat. No. 10,429,219

POLYMERIC MAGNETIC FLOWMETER FLOW BODY ASSEMBLY

Micro Motion Inc., Bould...

1. A polymeric flow body assembly comprising:a polymeric flow body having a measurement bore with a bore curvature;
a first coil mounted with respect to the measurement bore and disposed about a first magnetic pole member disposed to contact fluid in the measurement bore;
a second coil mounted with respect to the measurement bore and disposed about a second magnetic pole member that is also disposed to contact the fluid in the measurement bore, wherein the second magnetic pole member is configured to cooperate with the first magnetic pole member to generate an electromagnetic field across the measurement bore;
first and second metal electrodes positioned within the flow body assembly to contact a fluid in the measurement bore and to measure an electromotive force generated within the fluid, wherein the first and second metal electrodes taper toward a center of the polymeric flow body assembly;
wherein at least one of the first magnetic pole member and second magnetic pole member is formed, at least in part, of the polymer; and
wherein each of the first and second metal electrodes and each of the first and second magnetic pole members has a curved end with the bore curvature.

US Pat. No. 10,429,214

MODULAR ELONGATED WALL-MOUNTED SENSOR SYSTEM AND METHOD

Newtonoid Technologies, L...

1. A sensor-mounting device for use with a mounting structure having a hole, the device comprising:a tubular body extending between a front end and terminating at a rear end, and a through hole defined within the tubular body, the tubular body being sized to pass through the mounting structure hole;
a front flange extending from the tubular body front end, an outside perimeter of the front flange being larger than a perimeter of the tubular body for positioning at a front face of the mounting structure;
a rear flange extending from the tubular body rear end, an outside perimeter of the rear flange being smaller than the outside perimeter of the front flange and larger than the perimeter of the tubular body for positioning at a back face of the mounting structure; and
a sensor-attachment structure located at an inside perimeter of the front flange.

US Pat. No. 10,429,213

MONITORING INSTRUMENT AND EASILY REPLACEABLE SENSOR

United Electric Controls ...

1. A sensor comprising:a housing;
at least one alignment protrusion positioned to align with at least one alignment notch extending into a lower edge of an exterior housing of a sensor attachment member of a monitoring instrument, the lower edge of the exterior housing having a circular shape, such that the at least one alignment protrusion enters the at least one alignment notch when the sensor is installed into the sensor attachment member through the lower edge of the exterior housing of the sensor attachment member, wherein a portion of the housing is accommodated within the exterior housing of the sensor attachment member when the sensor is installed in the sensor attachment member; and
a beveled guide configured to align a first connector of the sensor attachment member with a second connector of the sensor when the sensor is inserted into the sensor attachment member,
wherein the portion of the housing has a circumferential groove to engage with a toroidal spring of the sensor attachment member.

US Pat. No. 10,429,212

POSITION SENSOR DETECTING A MECHANICAL PULSE CONDUCTED BY A WAVEGUIDE FORMED OF MAGNETOSTRICTIVE MATERIAL

SICK ATECH GMBH, Witten ...

1. A position sensor comprisinga waveguide of magnetostrictive material which extends along a measurement path and which is configured for conducting mechanical pulses triggered by magnetostriction;
a transducer arranged at a first end of the waveguide, the transducer being configured to couple a current pulse into the waveguide and to detect a mechanical pulse conducted by the waveguide in the direction of the transducer; and
a damping element of an elastomer material arranged at a second end of the waveguide, the damping element being configured to damp a mechanical pulse propagating in the direction of the second end,wherein the hardness of the elastomer material increases as the distance from the transducer increases,wherein the elastomer material is formed directly at the waveguide with the aid of a casting process; and wherein the elastomer material is a material comprising at least two components whose mixing ratio determines the hardness of the elastomer material.

US Pat. No. 10,429,209

POSITION DETERMINING UNIT

TDK-Micronas GmbH, Freib...

1. A position determining unit comprising:a current measuring unit;
a plurality of sensor units arranged at predetermined intervals on positions along a path; and
a transducer being movable along the path, the transducer having a first end and a length extending from the first end in parallel to the path, the transducer being formed of a ferromagnetic material,
wherein each sensor unit comprises a carrier, a first supply voltage connection, a second supply voltage connection, a measuring unit with a switching output, and a bias magnet,
wherein the measuring unit has at least one magnetic field sensor to provide a sensor signal as a function of a measuring signal of the at least one magnetic field sensor, the measuring unit being arranged with a lower side on a top side of the carrier,
wherein the bias magnet has a first pole and a second pole,
wherein the switching output is switched into an On-state or an Off-state as a function of the sensor signal exceeding or falling below a threshold value,
wherein the first supply voltage connection of each sensor unit is connected to a supply voltage, when each sensor unit is switched on by the switching output, the supply voltage flows to the sensor unit switched on,
wherein a first sensor unit is arranged at a beginning of the path,
wherein a last sensor unit is arranged at one end of the path opposite the beginning of the path,
wherein the second supply voltage connection of the first sensor unit is connected to a reference potential, and the first sensor unit has a power consumption,
wherein the second supply voltage connection of each further sensor is connected to the switching output of a preceding sensor unit, and the respective further sensor unit is switched on or off via the switching output of the preceding sensor unit, and the respective further sensor unit has a power consumption in the switched-on state,
wherein the current measuring unit is arranged before the first supply voltage connection of the first sensor unit or before the second supply voltage connection of the first sensor unit,
wherein the power consumption of all switched-on sensor units contribute to an aggregate current measured via the current measuring unit, and
wherein the aggregate current is a multiple of the power consumption of all switched-on sensor units and is proportional to a position of the first end of the transducer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,202

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR GENERATING ROUTES USING ELECTRONIC MAP DATA

TOMTOM NAVIGATION B.V., ...

1. A method of generating a route through a navigable network in a geographic area, the navigable network being represented by an electronic map comprising a plurality of segments representing navigable elements of the navigable network, the plurality of segments being connected by nodes, and each segment having a traversal direction associated therewith, the method comprising using at least one processor, wherein the processor performs the steps of:receiving location data identifying a location represented by the electronic map;
defining an area represented by the electronic map based on the received location data;
determining at least some of the outgoing segments from the defined area;
determining, for each of the determined outgoing segments from the defined area, a first optimum cost route from an origin to the respective outgoing segment using a route planning algorithm, each first optimum cost route having an associated cost;
selecting at least one of the first optimum cost routes based on the associated cost;
determining a second optimum cost route to a destination, the second optimum cost route to the destination being determined from the outgoing segment from the area that is included in the at least one selected first optimum cost route; and
providing, to a user, at least one of:
data indicative of the generated route, the providing comprising displaying a set of road segments in a map display on a display device with a subset of the set of road segments that are included in the generated route being highlighted or otherwise identified; and
navigation instructions for guiding the user along at least a portion of the generated route as the user proceeds along the generated route,
wherein the generated route from the origin to the destination comprises the selected first optimum cost route and the second optimum cost route.

US Pat. No. 10,429,194

HIGH DEFINITION MAP UPDATES WITH VEHICLE DATA LOAD BALANCING

DeepMap Inc., Palo Alto,...

1. A method of a server comprising:sending, by an online system to a plurality of autonomous vehicles, a high definition map for a geographical region, wherein each of the plurality of autonomous vehicles requested the high definition map for a geographical region for driving on a route through the geographical region;
determining for each of the plurality of autonomous vehicles, an upload rate based on a frequency at which the autonomous vehicle uploads data collected via one or more sensors of the autonomous vehicle to the online system, the upload rate comprising a rate of data uploaded per time period;
ranking the plurality of autonomous vehicles based on an upload rate of each of the plurality of autonomous vehicles to balance burden of uploading data collected via the sensors across the autonomous vehicles, wherein autonomous vehicles with lower upload rates are ranked higher than autonomous vehicles with higher upload rates;
identifying autonomous vehicles of the plurality of autonomous vehicles with routes passing through a particular location about which the online system is requesting an upload of data from autonomous vehicle sensors;
selecting an identified autonomous vehicle based on the ranking;
sending to the selected autonomous vehicle a request for additional data about the particular location, wherein the additional data is based on sensor data captured by the selected autonomous vehicle;
receiving, from the selected autonomous vehicle, additional data about the particular location;
updating the high definition map for the geographical region using the additional data received from the selected autonomous vehicle; and
sending, to one or more autonomous vehicles driving on a route including the particular location, the updated high definition map.

US Pat. No. 10,429,192

GENERATING TRAIL NETWORK MAPS

Strava, Inc., San Franci...

1. A system, comprising:a processor; and
a memory coupled with the processor, wherein the memory is configured to provide the processor with instructions which when executed cause the processor to:
receive a plurality of GPS recorded activities associated with a geographic area;
determine a plurality of tiles associated with the geographic area;
determine respective activity types and respective equipment types of one or more GPS recorded activities that intersect a tile of the plurality of tiles, wherein to determine the respective activity types and the equipment types for the one or more GPS recorded activities that intersect the tile of the plurality of tiles includes:
for each of at least a subset of the plurality of tiles, determining cycling activity data that intersects that tile;
for each tile of the at least subset of the plurality of tiles, determining a portion of the cycling activity data that intersects that tile that is associated with mountain bike frames; and
for each tile of the at least a subset of the plurality of tiles, determining whether that tile is associated with a trail network based in part on the portion of the cycling activity data that intersects that tile that is associated with mountain bike frames;
determine a trail network region within the geographic area based in part on the respective activity types and the respective equipment types of the one or more GPS recorded activities that intersect the tile of the plurality of tiles;
identify a subset of the plurality of GPS recorded activities that is associated with the trail network region; and
generate a trail network map corresponding to the trail network region based in part on the subset of the plurality of GPS recorded activities.

US Pat. No. 10,429,184

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SYSTEM INCLUDING AN UNDERWATER SENSOR ASSEMBLY

Aridea LLC, Charleston, ...

1. An underwater sensor assembly, comprising:a frame configured to sit on a bottom of a body of water; and
at least one first sensor connected to the frame, wherein the at least one first sensor is configured to measure at least one parameter related to the body of water,
wherein the frame comprises a plurality of legs and a mount, wherein the plurality of legs extend from the mount and are configured to allow water to flow between the plurality of legs, and
wherein at least one leg of the plurality of legs comprises a circular base at a first end, and wherein the at least one leg is connected to the mount at a second end opposite the first end.

US Pat. No. 10,429,179

STYLUS HOLDER

CARL ZEISS 3D AUTOMATION ...

1. A stylus holder for a stylus, the stylus including a measuring machine adapter, a shaft, and a sensing end, the stylus holder comprising:a body which is configured to receive the stylus and has a movable securing element thereon, wherein the body has a base plate configured to receive the measuring machine adapter, and wherein the securing element has abutment surfaces which are movable relative to a plane of the base plate into a securing position resting on the measuring machine adapter provided in the body, and interaction areas for at least one of: (i) releasing the securing position of the abutment surfaces resting on the measuring machine adapter via the interaction areas, and (ii) ensuring the securing position by means of a hood or a carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,429,170

HIGH-SENSITIVE SWEPT-SOURCE OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY SYSTEM AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

THE TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA ...

1. A system, comprising:a light source configured to provide a plurality of electro-magnetic radiations to at least one of at least one sample or at least one reference structure;
a beam splitter configured to combine the at least one first radiation and the at least one second radiation, wherein at least one portion of the at least one second radiation is provided in an invisible spectrum;
at least one first non-linear optical crystal structure configured to upconvert one of the at least one first radiation or the at least one second radiation;
at one second non-linear optical crystal structure configured to upconvert another one of the at least one first radiation or the at least one second radiation; and
a detector configured to receive the unconverted at least one first and second radiations.

US Pat. No. 10,429,169

PHYSICAL PARAMETER ESTIMATING METHOD THAT DETERMINES A MATCHED ORDER OF AN INTENSITY DISTRIBUTION SIGNAL ACCORDING TO CALCULATED MAGNITUDE SPECTRUMS AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Beijing Institute of Tech...

1. A physical parameter estimating method, comprising:reading a Newton's rings fringe pattern obtained by performing an interferometric measurement on a unit to be measured, the interferometric measurement including irradiating the unit to be measured with light;
calculating a magnitude spectrum of an intensity distribution signal of at least one first-direction pixel set in the Newton's rings fringe pattern under each fractional Fourier transform (FRFT) order in a searching range of FRFT orders, the first-direction pixel set including a line of pixels in a first direction, the first direction being one of a row direction and a column direction of the Newton's rings fringe pattern;
determining a matched order of the intensity distribution signal according to the calculated magnitude spectrums; and
estimating a physical parameter involved in the interferometric measurement according to at least the matched order.

US Pat. No. 10,429,164

TAPE MEASURE STRUCTURE

TOP LONG INDUSTRIAL CO., ...

1. A tape measure structure, comprising:at least one housing assembly;
at least one rotation disk, movably configured inside said housing assembly;
at least one tape body, movably put around said rotation disk, one end thereof selectively passed out of said housing assembly;
at least one access opening, configured on said housing assembly and allowing said tape body to be passed out thereof;
at least one operation portion, configured on one side of said housing assembly adjacent to said access opening;
at least one combination portion, configured inside said housing assembly and positioned on one side of said operation portion;
at least one flexible control element, coupled to said combination portion and adapted to shield a part of said tape body exposed out of said operation portion, and deformable to touch and stop said tape body after pressed down; and
at least one buffer, configured on one side of said flexible control element adjacent to said access opening.

US Pat. No. 10,429,157

LIGHTED NOCK

NOCKOUT OUTDOORS LLC, La...

14. A lighted nock kit, comprising:a package;
an LED/battery assembly, comprising an LED portion mechanically coupled to a battery portion, wherein displacing the LED portion toward the battery portion from an off state activates the LED portion and displacing the LED portion in an on state away from the battery portion deactivates the LED portion;
a first nock sleeve for insertion into the hollow shaft, the first nock sleeve including a shoulder portion that engages with a rear end of the hollow shaft, a distal portion extending from the shoulder portion into the hollow shaft, a hollow center opening having an inner diameter extending from the shoulder portion into the distal portion, wherein the distal portion has a first outer diameter;
a second nock sleeve for insertion into the hollow shaft, the second nock sleeve including a shoulder portion that engages with a rear end of the hollow shaft, a distal portion extending from the shoulder portion into the hollow shaft, a hollow center opening having an inner diameter extending from the shoulder portion into the distal portion, wherein the distal portion has a second outer diameter that is different than the first outer diameter of the first nock sleeve;
a nock comprising a head configured to engage with a bowstring and a shank with a recess defined therein, wherein the LED/battery assembly is located at least partially within the recess and the LED portion is secured to the nock; and
a housing offset from the nock and including an interior aperture defined therein, wherein the LED/battery assembly is located at least partially within the interior aperture and the battery portion is secured to the housing,
wherein the housing is releasably coupled within the center opening of the nock sleeve and resists longitudinal translation of the battery relative to the nock sleeve,
wherein the neck translates longitudinally with respect to the nock sleeve between an activated configuration that activates the LED portion and a deactivated configuration that deactivates the LED portion without removing the LED/battery assembly from the nock sleeve, and
wherein each of the LED/battery assembly, first nock sleeve, second nock sleeve, nock, and housing are disposed inside of the package.

US Pat. No. 10,429,156

SUBSONIC POLYMERIC AMMUNITION CARTRIDGE

TRUE VELOCITY IP HOLDINGS...

1. A subsonic ammunition cartridge comprising:a primer insert comprising
a top surface opposite a bottom surface,
a substantially cylindrical coupling element that extends from the bottom surface,
a primer recess in the top surface that extends toward the bottom surface,
a primer flash aperture positioned in the primer recess to extend through the bottom surface, and
a flash aperture groove positioned in the primer recess around the primer flash aperture;
a polymer mid-body that extends from a projectile end over the substantially cylindrical coupling element and into the primer flash aperture and into the flash aperture groove to form a flash hole;
a substantially cylindrical open-ended polymeric bullet-end connected to the projectile end and extending to a shoulder and terminating at a forward end opening; and
a propellant chamber formed between the forward end opening and the bottom surface.

US Pat. No. 10,429,152

FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC DOOR WITH POLYCARBONATE BALLISTIC CORE AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

AADG, INC., Milan, TN (U...

1. A structural panel which may be used as a door comprising:a shell having spaced first and second FRP exterior panels and separate frame members adjacent edges of the panels;
at least one polymeric sheet between the first and second exterior panels, the at least one polymeric sheet being made of a thermoplastic material and having a plurality of openings through a thickness thereof, the openings being spaced apart by wall portions of the polymeric sheet; and
at least one blast- or ballistic-resistant core layer adjacent and in contact with the at least one polymeric sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,429,149

SMALL ARMS STABILIZATION SYSTEM

MAJR Mechatronics LLC, S...

1. A self-stabilizing small arm comprising:a. a barrel assembly rigidly connected to a stock assembly;
b. a stock plate connected to the stock assembly;
c. a stabilization assembly controlling the relative position of the stock plate and stock assembly, the stabilization assembly including:
i. at least one movement sensor;
ii. at least one actuator; and
iii. a controller using signals from the movement sensor to operate the actuator in order to compensate for unintended movement of the small arm; and
d. a receiver positioned behind a trigger of the small arm.

US Pat. No. 10,429,148

FIREARM CLEANING MAT

Revo Brand Group, LLC, P...

1. A gun cleaning mat comprising:a flat, padded mat; and
a storage tray attached to the mat comprising a magnet embedded within the storage tray,wherein the magnet is configured to retain metal pieces of the gun being cleaned due to magnetic attraction of the metal pieces to the magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,429,146

FIREARM SUPPRESSION DEVICE

ASCENDANCE INTERNATIONAL,...

1. A firearm suppression device comprising:a baffle system comprising a plurality of interconnected baffles and a pathway therethrough, the pathway extending from a proximal end of the baffle system to a distal end of the baffle system;
the baffles having a proximal end and a distal end, the distal end of a first baffle configured to affix to the proximal end of a more distally located second baffle; and
the baffle system having apertures extending radially from the pathway to an outer surface of the baffle system;
an outer housing having a substantially hollow form disposed around the baffle system;
an inner surface of the outer housing radially offset from the outer surface of the baffle system;
the outer housing comprising apertures extending from an inner surface of the outer housing to an outer surface of the outer housing,
a sleeve disposed around the baffle system, between the baffle system and the outer housing;
the sleeve having an inner surface offset from the outer surface of the baffle system, and the sleeve having an outer surface offset from the inner surface of the outer housing; and
the sleeve having a sealed proximal end, a sealed body extending from the proximal end to a distal end, and an opening at the distal end of the sleeve,
wherein the firearm suppression device is affixed to the distal end of a firearm and gasses associated with the operation of the firearm expand into the baffle system, expand through the apertures in the baffle system, through the open distal end of the sleeve, and through the apertures of the outer housing to an exterior of the outer housing.

US Pat. No. 10,429,144

AUTOMATIC SUBMACHINE GUN FOR EXPLOITING RECOIL COMPRISING TWO OPPOSING LEVERS FOR THE HAMMER, ONE ASSOCIATED WITH SINGLE-SHOT FIRING MODE AND THE OTHER WITH BURST FIRING MODE

Far League S.R.L., Milan...

1. An automatic submachine gun for exploiting recoil, comprising:a stock (2);
a fixed barrel (4);
a grip (3) provided with an extractable butt (20);
a bolt (6) configured to slide in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis of the barrel (4), inside the stock (2), to lock a breech of the barrel (4);
a device for recovering recoil kinetic energy of the bolt (6);
a hammer (22) configured to swing in opposition to, and through action of, a spring actuator element (23), the hammer configured to swing between a cocked position and an uncocked position;
a trigger assembly for the hammer (22) comprising: in turn a swinging trigger (21) pivoted on the stock (2) and operatively connected to a sear lever (26); a first opposing lever (28) of the hammer (22) for single shot fire actuatable by the sear lever (26); and a second opposing lever (29) of the hammer (22) for continuous burst fire actuatable by the sear lever (26);
a manual fire mode selector (34) connected to a rotating shaft (35) having a cam (36) configured to interact with said first opposing lever (28) of the hammer for single shot fire and with said second opposing lever (29) of the hammer for burst fire;
an extractable magazine (8) for loading cartridge ammunition into a cartridge chamber (210) of the barrel (4); and
a firing pin (37) actuatable by the hammer (22) and configured to slide in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the barrel (4) in a seat provided in the bolt (6);
where the hammer (22) is configured and disposed to interact with the bolt (6) to absorb a significant fraction of the recoil kinetic energy of the bolt (6) for attainment of the cocked position;
where the hammer (22) has a point of impact (201) with the bolt (6), where a centre of mass (G) of the hammer (22) is positioned below the point of impact (201) of the hammer (22) with the bolt (6), and where, upon interaction of the hammer (22) with the bolt (6), a length of movement of the centre of mass (G) of the hammer (22) is amplified relative to a length of movement of the bolt (6); and
where the gun is blowback operated, and where the breech of the barrel is not locked mechanically at time of firing.

US Pat. No. 10,429,139

HEAT EXCHANGER WITH A GLASS BODY

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

20. A heat exchanger for separating a hot end and a cold end of a cryogenic cooler, the heat exchanger comprising:a glass body having a first flat face and a second flat face on opposing ends and defining a longitudinal axis between the opposing ends, the glass body including:
a single, exterior, cylindrically-shaped surface continuously extending from the first flat face to the second flat face;
an interior surface surrounding a central aperture, the central aperture extending longitudinally from the first flat face to the second flat face, the interior surface being a single cylindrically-shaped surface that continuously extends from the first flat face to the second flat face; and
a plurality of holes surrounding the central aperture, the plurality of holes disposed within the glass body and extending longitudinally from the first flat face to the second flat face, the plurality of holes in the glass body including more than two holes, a length of each hole being greater than a diameter of that hole, an opening of each hole being circularly shaped,
wherein the glass body has an annular cross-section around the central aperture,
wherein the central aperture includes an opening on the first flat face that is configured to receive at least a portion of the cryogenic cooler,
wherein the holes are configured to receive and direct a gas through the holes to exchange heat between the gas and the glass body,
wherein the exterior and interior surfaces are solid surfaces that do not permit flow of the gas therebetween in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the glass body, and
wherein the heat exchanger is configured so that the gas flows between the hot end and the cold end through the plurality of holes in the heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,429,137

HEAT SINK

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...

1. A heat sink comprising:a heat sink body made of a metal material which includes a plurality of heat radiating fins having a flat plate shape, the plurality of heat radiating fins being arranged parallel to each other on one surface side of a base having a flat plate shape at intervals in a direction along a surface of the base;
a bridge member made of a metal material which has a plurality of grooves parallel to each other, the plurality of grooves being formed at a pitch equal to an arrangement pitch of the plurality of heat radiating fins of the heat sink body, and the plurality of grooves accommodating distal ends of the respective heat radiating fins in a press-fitted state;
wherein the heat sink body includes a side plate extending parallel to the plurality of heat radiating fins from the base at both ends of the heat sink body in an arrangement direction of the plurality of heat radiating fins;
wherein the heat sink has a stepped portion on an inner side of a distal end of the side plate, the stepped portion accommodating an end edge of the bridge member; and
an upper surface of the bridge member is recessed from the surface of an upper end of the side plate in an extension direction of the side plate when the bridge member is mounted on the heat sink body by making the distal ends of the plurality of heat radiating fins press-fitted in the plurality of grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,429,133

HEAT EXCHANGER ELEMENT WITH THERMAL EXPANSION FEATURE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

11. A method of manufacturing a combination heat exchanger, the method comprising the steps of:providing a plurality of components of the combination heat exchanger, the plurality of components including a first end tank, a second end tank, a third end tank, a fourth end tank, a plurality of first heat exchanger tubes, a plurality of second heat exchanger tubes, and a first coupling including a first attachment portion, a second attachment portion, and a thermal expansion portion extending between the first attachment portion and the second attachment portion;
locating the plurality of the components relative to each other, the locating including locating the first plurality of the first heat exchanger tubes to extend in a first direction between the first end tank and the second end tank, locating the plurality of the second heat exchanger tubes to extend in the first direction between the third end tank and the fourth end tank, locating the first end tank, the second end tank, the third end tank, and the fourth end tank to extend longitudinally in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction with the first end tank and the third end tank aligned longitudinally in the second direction and the second end tank and the fourth end tank aligned longitudinally in the second direction, locating the first attachment portion adjacent the first end tank, and locating the second attachment portion adjacent the third end tank, wherein the plurality of first heat exchanger tubes and the plurality of second heat exchangers are located to be arranged co-planar on a plane defined by the first direction and the second direction; and
coupling the plurality of the components to each other in a single manufacturing process following the locating step, the coupling of the plurality of the components including coupling the plurality of the first heat exchanger tubes to each of the first end tank and the second end tank, coupling the plurality of the second heat exchanger tubes to each of the third end tank and the fourth end tank, coupling the first attachment portion to the first end tank, and coupling the second attachment portion to the third end tank;
wherein following the coupling step the first attachment portion and the second attachment portion are spaced from each other in the second direction while the thermal expansion portion is arcuate in shape and curves around an axis extending in a third direction arranged perpendicular to the first direction and the second direction as the thermal expansion portion extends from the first attachment portion to the second attachment portion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,111

INTEGRATED SUCTION HEADER ASSEMBLY

Heatcraft Refrigeration P...

1. A refrigeration system, comprising:an evaporator assembly;
a suction header assembly comprising a reservoir and coupled to an outlet of the evaporator assembly, wherein the suction header assembly is configured to reduce the potential for slugging due to low superheat and to provide energy savings due to liquid sub-cooling;
a suction header heat exchanger disposed throughout a length of the reservoir of the suction header assembly and within the reservoir of the suction header assembly, wherein the suction header heat exchanger is configured to sub-cool a flow of refrigerant passing through the suction header heat exchanger with a counter flow of at least one evaporator flow from the evaporator assembly flowing through the reservoir, so as to reduce any superheat required by a load;
a hot gas diversion assembly comprising a diversion heat exchanger line extending downstream of one or more compressors, along the suction header assembly, and upstream of a condenser assembly;
a temperature sensor disposed within the reservoir of the suction header assembly and electrically coupled to at least one valve, the at least one valve controlling passage of refrigerant into the hot gas diversion assembly in response to temperature measured by the sensor; and
a liquid header configured to receive a direct refrigerant flow from the suction header heat exchanger, wherein the liquid header is functionally coupled between an inlet of the evaporator assembly and an outlet of the suction header heat exchanger, the liquid header configured to divide a received liquid into a plurality of flows.

US Pat. No. 10,429,108

METHOD OF MAINTAINING THE FLOW RATE OF A REFRIGERANT WHILE MAINTAINING SUPERHEAT

DunAn Microstaq, Inc., A...

1. A method of maintaining a fluid flow rate in a heating, ventilating, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC-R) system while maintaining superheat in the HVAC-R system at a desired level comprising:continuously measuring an operating fluid temperature of the HVAC-R system;
continuously calculating HVAC-R system superheat at a pre-determined rate;
determining if the calculated HVAC-R system superheat is stable;
measuring and recording an operating fluid pressure of the HVAC-R system each time the calculated HVAC-R system superheat is stable;
recording an average operating fluid pressure each subsequent time the superheat is stable;
calculating an output PWM according to the equation:
Output PWM=(Flow Rate Component)+(Superheat Component); and
reducing fluid flow through a metering valve in the HVAC-R system when an actual PWM of the HVAC-R system is greater than the calculated output PWM of the HVAC-R system by adjusting a PWM signal to a microvalve in the metering valve, and increasing fluid flow through the metering valve in the HVAC-R system when the actual PWM of the HVAC-R system is less than the calculated output PWM of the HVAC-R system by adjusting the PWM signal to the microvalve in the metering valve;
wherein the Flow Rate Component is the result of regulating around a target operating fluid pressure by performing the steps of: (1) determining an average operating fluid pressure, (2) calculating a fluid pressure within an evaporator, and (3) comparing the average operating fluid pressure to the fluid pressure within the evaporator, such that if the average operating fluid pressure is greater than the fluid pressure within the evaporator, then fluid flow through an expansion device is increased, and if the average operating fluid pressure is less than the fluid pressure within the evaporator, then fluid flow through the expansion device reduced, and
wherein the Superheat Component is the result of regulating around a target superheat by performing the steps of: (1) calculating the system superheat of the HVAC-R, (2) and comparing the calculated system superheat to a target superheat, such that if the calculated system superheat is greater than the target superheat by a pre-determined amount, then fluid flow through the expansion device is increased, and if the calculated system superheat is less than the target superheat by a pre-determined amount, then fluid flow through the expansion device is reduced as shown.

US Pat. No. 10,429,104

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION USING ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION INCLUDING THERMAL TRANSFER BETWEEN VORTEX FLUX GENERATOR AND REFRIGERATOR COMPARTMENT

Silicon Turbine Systems, ...

1. A vortex flux refrigerator comprising:a vortex flux generator comprising:
a magnetic circuit configured to produce a magnetic field,
a vortex material, disposed within the magnetic field and configured to form and subsequently dissipate a vortex, wherein upon formation of the vortex, a magnetic field density surrounding the vortex is urged to decrease, and wherein upon subsequent dissipation of the vortex, the urging to decrease ceases and the magnetic field density increases prior to a reformation of the vortex, wherein the decrease of the magnetic field density and the increase of the magnetic field density correspond to a modulation of the magnetic field, and
an inductor disposed in a vicinity of the vortex such that the modulation of the magnetic field induces an electrical current in the inductor; and
a refrigerated compartment operatively coupled to the vortex flux generator, the refrigerated compartment comprising a heat transfer loop including a heat conduction media and a heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,429,100

CLAMPING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING A SOLAR MODULE

Solibro Hi-Tech GmbH, Bi...

1. A clamping device for a solar module, the clamping device comprising:a receiving portion for receiving an edge portion of the solar module, said receiving portion having at least a first side wall portion and an additional side wall portion together forming a receiving region;
said additional side wall portion being bendable about a bending axis, and the bending axis being orientated parallel with a longitudinal axis of the clamping device;
said receiving portion being constructed integrally in one piece;
at least one spacer element disposed on said additional side wall portion and configured for ensuring a minimum spacing between said additional side wall portion and a carrier structure, said spacer element being constructed by said additional side wall portion; and
said receiving portion having a modulus of elasticity greater than a modulus of elasticity of rubber.

US Pat. No. 10,429,098

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER

LMK THERMOSAFE LIMITED, ...

1. A method of programming a temperature controller for a heater for heating the contents of a container in a hazardous area, the method comprising the steps of:writing identification data and parameter data to a memory of a portable token in an area remote from the hazardous area;
transporting said portable token to a position in proximity to the temperature controller in the hazardous area;
transmitting, by means of a near field communication method, the identification data and parameter data stored in the memory of the portable token to a receiver in the temperature controller;
comparing the identification data received by the temperature controller with identification data stored in a memory of the temperature controller;
if said comparison of identification data is positive, updating parameter data stored in the memory of the temperature controller with the parameter data received by the receiver; and
if said comparison is negative, not updating the parameter data stored in the memory of the temperature controller with the parameter data received by the receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,429,084

HEAT PUMP WATER HEATER

A. O. SMITH CORPORATION, ...

1. A water heater comprising:a water tank for storing water to be heated, the water tank including a thermosiphon inlet port and a pump inlet port;
a thermosiphon tube in the water tank and having a first end in a bottom portion of the water tank communicating with the thermosiphon inlet port such that all water flowing through the thermosiphon inlet port flows into the thermosiphon tube and a second end in a top portion of the water tank;
a heat pump system including an evaporator, a compressor, an expansion device, and a condenser tube for moving a refrigerant through a refrigerant cycle, at least a portion of the condenser tube being surrounded by the thermosiphon tube to define a water flow channel between the thermosiphon tube and the condenser tube, the water flow channel having a first end at the first end of the thermosiphon tube and a second end at the second end of the thermosiphon tube, the condenser tube being at an elevated temperature compared to water temperature in the water flow channel due to the refrigerant cycle; and
a water pump configured to draw water from the water tank through the pump inlet port and generate forced water flow through the thermosiphon inlet port such that the entire forced water flow flows through the water flow channel to heat the water in the water flow channel and deliver the heated water into the top portion of the water tank through the second end of the thermosiphon tube.

US Pat. No. 10,429,083

MULTI-TYPE AIR CONDITIONER SYSTEM

Qingdao Hisense Hitachi A...

1. A multi-type air conditioner system, comprising: an outdoor machine, an indoor machine connected with the outdoor machine through a first refrigerant pipe, and a controller connected respectively with the outdoor machine and the indoor machine through a shielded signal line, the multi-type air conditioner system further comprising:a set of underfloor-heating pipes connected with the outdoor machine through a second refrigerant pipe; and
wherein the controller is configured to transmit a refrigeration operation signal to the outdoor machine through the shielded signal line when the multi-type air conditioner system is operated in cooling mode so that refrigerant flows into the indoor machine, and the controller is configured to transmit a heating operation signal to the outdoor machine through the shielded signal line when the multi-type air conditioner system is operated in heating mode so that refrigerant at high temperature and high pressure gas state flows into at least the set of underfloor-heating pipes;
wherein the outdoor machine comprises an outdoor machine control board unit, a refrigerant flow direction control unit, a refrigerant control unit, a valve controller, an over-pressure protection unit and a filter protection unit, wherein:
the outdoor machine control board unit is configured to transmit a refrigerant flow direction control signal to the refrigerant flow direction control unit upon reception of the heating operation signal or the refrigeration operation signal transmitted by the controller and to transmit a refrigerant control signal to the refrigerant control unit according to received indoor temperature and user-preset temperature transmitted by the controller;
the refrigerant flow direction control unit is configured to open the second refrigerant pipe connected with the set of underfloor-heating pipes so that the refrigerant flows into the set of underfloor-heating pipes or to open the first refrigerant pipe connected with the indoor machine so that the refrigerant flows into the indoor machine, upon reception of the refrigerant flow direction control signal transmitted by the outdoor machine control board unit;
the refrigerant control unit is configured to control modality of the refrigerant and to control the flow of the refrigerant upon reception of the refrigerant control signal transmitted by the outdoor machine control board;
the valve controller is configured to control valves in the outdoor machine through an outdoor machine control board;
the over-pressure protection unit is configured to detect the pressure of the refrigerant in refrigerant pipes and to stop a compressor from operating when the pressure exceeds a threshold; and
the filter protection unit is configured to filter out impurities in the refrigerant and to return lubricating oil separated from the refrigerant to the compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,429,080

ELECTRIC STOVETOP HEATER UNIT WITH INTEGRATED TEMPERATURE CONTROL

Zoppas Industries de Mexi...

1. An apparatus comprising:a heater comprising a heating element having a region that does not contain a surface heating portion of the heating element, the heating element operatively connected between a first terminal in electrical contact with a second terminal to conduct a current through the heating element, the first and second terminals configured to connect across a power supply configured to provide the current for the heating element;
a medallion positioned in the region;
a thermostat coupled with the medallion and the heating element to form an integrated unit that is removable from a power source, the thermostat positioned in the region at approximately a center of the heater; and
an urging element providing an upward force to cause the thermostat to make physical contact with an object, the urging element comprising:
an urging surface abutting a bottom surface of the medallion and providing an upward force to the thermostat; and
a deformable surface operatively connected to the urging surface and that mechanically deforms to cause an upward force in response to a downward force applied from the object to the thermostat, the deformable surface comprising at least one planar section, the upward force applied through the deformable surface being a restorative force,
wherein the heater further comprises:
a first conductor connected between the first terminal and a first end of the heating element, the first conductor configured to conduct the current between the first terminal and the first end of the heating element;
a second conductor connected between the thermostat and a second end of the heating element, the second conductor configured to conduct the current between the second end of the heating element and a first end of the thermostat; and
a third conductor connected between a second end of the thermostat and the second terminal, the third conductor configured to conduct the current between the second end of the thermostat and the second terminal,
wherein the connection between the second end and the second conductor is positioned at a location along the heater that is most radially distant from the center of the heater and is positioned radially outwardly from the connection between the first end and the first conductor;
wherein the thermostat is operatively connected in series between the first terminal and the second terminal, thereby allowing the current to flow through the thermostat, the thermostat comprising:
a contact surface disposed to make physical contact with an object placed on the surface heating portion; and
a switch disposed between the first and the second ends of the thermostat and configured to react when the contact surface experiences a temperature equal to or greater than a temperature limit, the reacting comprising preventing the current from conducting through the heating element, the current conducting through the switch when the temperature is not equal to or greater than the temperature limit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,079

ELECTRIC STOVETOP HEATER UNIT WITH INTEGRATED TEMPERATURE CONTROL

Zoppas Industries de Mexi...

1. An apparatus comprising:a heater comprising a heating element having a region that does not contain a surface heating portion of the heating element;
a thermostat coupled with the heating element to form an integrated unit that is removable from a power source, the thermostat being positioned in the region, a first portion of the heating element coupled to a first end of the thermostat, a second portion of the heating element extending across the surface heating portion and coupled to a second end of the thermostat, the thermostat comprising:
a contact surface disposed to make physical contact with an object placed on the surface heating portion, the contact surface defining the point of temperature measurement for the thermostat; and
a switch configured to prevent a current from conducting through the heating element when the contact surface experiences a temperature equal to or greater than a temperature limit; and
an urging element providing an upward force to cause the contact surface to make physical contact with the object, the urging element comprising:
an urging surface abutting a bottom surface of the thermostat and providing the upward force to the thermostat; and
a deformable surface operatively connected to the urging surface and that mechanically deforms to cause the upward force in response to a downward force applied from the object to the thermostat, the deformable surface comprising a plurality of planar sections each connected at an angle, the upward force applied through the deformable surface being a restorative force to urge the deformable surface to restore the angles between the plurality of planar sections.

US Pat. No. 10,429,072

REGENERATIVE BURNER FOR NON-SYMMETRICAL COMBUSTION

Bloom Engineering Company...

1. A burner for non-symmetrical combustion, comprising:a burner housing enclosing a burner plenum;
a fuel conduit extending longitudinally within the housing and positioned coaxial with an axis spaced from a central axis of the burner, with the fuel conduit defining a fuel exit opening;
an air conduit extending into the housing, with the air conduit defining an air opening on an opposite side of the burner central axis from the fuel exit opening; and
a baffle positioned at least partially around the fuel conduit and defining the air conduit,
wherein the baffle further defines a cavity that surrounds a portion of the fuel conduit and extends beyond the fuel exit opening,
wherein at least a portion of a sidewall of the baffle defining the cavity converges from the axis of the fuel conduit, and
wherein in the area in which the cavity surrounds the portion of the fuel conduit, an outer surface of the fuel conduit and the sidewall of the baffle immediately and directly define an annular opening extending from the burner plenum into the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,429,065

LOW NOX GAS BURNERS WITH CARRYOVER IGNITION

CARRIER CORPORATION, Pal...

1. A burner assembly, comprisinga plurality of burners, each burner including a burner tube having an inlet and an outlet and a burner axis;
a partition plate arranged generally perpendicular to a horizontal plane defined by the plurality of burner axes, the partition plate including:
a plurality of partition openings complementary to and arranged coaxially with the plurality of burners, wherein a periphery of at least one of the plurality of partition openings is embossed;
a plurality of carryover openings formed in the partition plate between the plurality of partition openings, wherein each of the plurality of carryover openings includes a first end and a second end, the first end and the second end extending perpendicular to a horizontal plane containing the burner axis of each of the plurality of burners, the plurality of carryover openings being arranged in fluid communication with the embossed periphery of at least one of the plurality of partition openings such that a flow is directed between the embossed periphery and at least one of the plurality of carryover openings;
an igniter located adjacent a side of the partition plate near the plurality of burners, the igniter being configured to ignite a fuel and air mixture provided at the outlet of the burners; and
an igniter carryover formed in the partition plate in alignment with the igniter at a position between an end of the partition plate and an adjacent partition opening of the plurality of partition openings, the igniter carryover including a substantially identical first opening and second opening, the first opening and the second opening being sized such that a sufficient amount of the fuel and air mixture reaches the igniter without cooling the igniter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,063

SMART ALGORITHM TO DETERMINE “STEAM BOILER WATER CONDITION”

Fluid Handling LLC, Mort...

1. A boiler controller for determining a boiler water condition comprising:a signal processor configured to
receive signaling containing information about sets of N consecutive probe data samples related to a boiler water condition;
determine stable average signaling containing information about a stable average by averaging a set of N consecutive probe data samples in the signaling received;
determine present stable average signaling containing information about a present stable average by averaging a present set of N consecutive probe data samples in the signaling received; and
determine corresponding signaling containing information about the boiler water condition, based upon whether the present stable average is within an allowable limit and a comparison of the present stable average signaling and the stable average signaling.

US Pat. No. 10,429,061

MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM FOR FLUIDS

1. A fluid material handling system, comprising:a fluid inlet line;
a steam inlet line;
a surge tank having a fluid inlet port fluidly connected to the fluid inlet line, a steam inlet port fluidly connected to the steam inlet line, an additive port, a recycle port, and a fluid outlet port;
a heater fluidly connected to the fluid outlet port of the surge tank; and
a pipe downstream of the heater which splits into (a) a feed line leading to at least one feeder outlet line and (b) a return line having a pressure regulating valve and leading to both (i) the recycle port of the surge tank and (ii) storage for the fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,429,059

COOLING FAN

PRIMAX ELECTRONICS LTD, ...

1. A cooling fan, comprising:a fan base;
an impeller part comprising a rotating shaft and plural blades, wherein the plural blades are arranged around the rotating shaft, and the impeller part is rotated with the rotating shaft;
an illumination circuit board comprising a hollow portion, wherein the rotating shaft is penetrated through the hollow portion;
a driving part comprising a shaft seat, a driving circuit board and plural coils, wherein the driving circuit board is disposed on the fan base, the plural coils are arranged between the driving circuit board and the illumination circuit board and arranged around the shaft seat, and the rotating shaft is inserted into the shaft seat, wherein when the an electric current flows through the plural coils, the rotating shaft is rotated;
at least one light-emitting element disposed on the illumination circuit board, wherein when the electric current flows through the at least one light-emitting element, the at least one light-emitting element emits plural light beams; and
a projection plate, which is arranged in a travelling path of at least one light beam of the plural light beams and has a pattern, wherein after the at least one light beam passes through the pattern of the projection plate, the at least one light beam is projected to surroundings.

US Pat. No. 10,429,058

HIGH VISIBILITY TOOL HANDLE WITH ACTIVE ILLUMINATION

GLOCORE TOOLS, LLC, Reyn...

1. A tool comprising:a straight, cylindrical, light transmissive shaft;
a fire ax head affixed to a first end of the shaft;
a hand grip portion affixed to a second end of the shaft;
a light source located along the shaft such that the light therefrom illuminates the interior of the shaft; and
an on/off switch, in communication with the light source, arranged in the hand grip portion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,052

LED LIGHTING FIXTURE

Feit Electric Company, In...

1. A light emitting diode (LED) lighting fixture comprising:a lighting fixture body, the lighting fixture body comprising one or more metal parts configured to act as heat sinks; and
at least one LED module;
wherein:
each LED module comprises:
a raised base;
one or more LEDs;
an optical assembly consisting of only:
a lens,
a light spreader disk, and
a bulb,
wherein:
 the lens is securely fixed directly to the light spreader disk and positioned between the light spreader disk and the one or more LEDs, such that at least a portion of the light emitted by the one or more LEDs is directly incident upon the light spreader disk and the bulb is an envelope of the LED module, and
 the optical assembly is removably mounted to the raised base, such that the optical assembly is independently selectively replaceable with another optical assembly; and
a board, said one or more LEDs being operatively and fixedly mounted to said board and said board being mounted to a top surface of said raised base, wherein the mounting of the board having said one or more LEDs operatively mounted thereto on the top surface of said raised base places said one or more LEDs in a raised position within the LED module such that the optical assembly is removably mounted directly over and separate from said one or more LEDs;
said optical assembly is configured to give the LED module an appearance that emulates the appearance of an incandescent bulb; and
said one or more LEDs are further operatively and fixedly mounted into the lighting fixture body such that:
the one or more LEDs are hard-wired into the lighting fixture; and
the one or more LEDs are operatively and fixedly mounted into thermally conductive communication with at least one heat sink, said board providing at least a portion of a thermally conductive and electrically isolated path for said thermally conductive communication.

US Pat. No. 10,429,041

CEILING LIGHT RETROFIT KIT HAVING A LIGHT PANEL AND TWO PROFILES TO SURROUND PREEXISTING BASE OF A LIGHT FIXTURE

POWER CONCEPTS, LLC, And...

1. A combination for illuminating the interior of a building, comprising:a fixture having a base attached to a building ceiling, the fixture having a first tombstone and a second tombstone, wherein the first and second tombstones are adapted to receive between them a linear fluorescent light tube, and wherein the base includes a first longitudinal side and an opposite second longitudinal side;
a retrofit kit connected to the base, the retrofit kit including a light panel, a first profile and a second profile, the light panel including a first side facing the fixture and an opposite second side, wherein the light panel, the first profile, and the second profile extend longitudinally from the first tombstone to the second tombstone and parallel one-to-another;
the fixture, including the first and second tombstones, residing above the light panel and residing between the first profile and the second profile;
a light emitting diode disposed on the second side of the light panel; and
wiring in electrical communication with the light emitting diode.

US Pat. No. 10,429,040

INTERCHANGEABLE ADAPTER FOR CHANGING LED LIGHT BULBS

GR Ventures L.L.C., Nort...

1. A head piece for an adapter for changing a light bulb, comprising:a base plate, said base plate having opposite first and second sides, said base plate defining a platform at said first side;
a primary gripping member extending from said platform of said first side of said base plate away from said second side, said primary gripping member being positioned with respect to said platform to engage the light bulb, said primary gripping member is a suction cup having an open face facing away from said platform for gripping the light bulb, said suction cup including an attachment member for coupling to said platform, said attachment member including an extension extending from a bottom of said suction cup and received in an opening of said platform, and said extension including a flanged end for catching on said platform;
a secondary gripping member extending from said platform of said first side of said base plate away from said second side, said primary gripping member extending further away from said platform than does said secondary gripping member, said secondary gripping member surrounding said primary gripping member and being configured to grip the light bulb; and
an engagement member extending from said second side of said base plate away from said first side for engaging a holder of the adapter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,036

THIN FLAT PANEL LED LUMINAIRE

KUNSHAN CHENGTAI ELECTRIC...

1. A thin LED flat luminaire, comprising:a LED bar having at least one light emitting diode disposed thereon;
a transformer provided between a power source and the at least one light emitting diode to reduce a voltage from the power source to a voltage required to operate the at least one light emitting diode;
an optical stack having an edge that abuts the LED bar, including, from top to bottom,
a flat baseboard,
a flat reflection panel for receiving light from the LED bar,
a flat acrylic panel having a top surface and a bottom surface, the top surface facing the flat reflection panel, the top surface having a mask pattern printed thereon, the mask pattern for filtering light transmitted from the flat reflection panel into the flat acrylic panel for providing a uniform transmission of the light from the acrylic panel across the bottom surface of the flat acrylic panel, and
a flat diffusion panel configured to receive the light from the bottom surface of the flat acrylic panel and emit the light into a space to be illuminated.

US Pat. No. 10,429,033

QUANTUM DOT, RESIN, QUANTUM DOT SHEET AND BACK LIGHT UNIT USING THE SAME

HEESUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A quantum dot sheet comprising quantum dots, light scattering agents, and a resin,wherein the resin includes repeated units represented by the following Chemical Formula 1

in Chemical Formula 1, Ar is an aryl group of C6-C30, and B is a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group of C2-C5.

US Pat. No. 10,429,031

LINEAR LED MODULE AND BACKLIGHT UNIT INCLUDING THE SAME

LUMENS CO., LTD., Yongin...

1. A backlight unit comprising:a rear case arranged in rear of a display panel;
a reflective sheet positioned in the rear of the display panel in the rear case; and
a linear light emitting diode (LED) module comprising an LED bar and a linear reflector and arranged along one side edge of the reflective sheet,
wherein the linear reflector comprises a mounting portion on which the LED bar is mounted along a lengthwise direction and a composite reflective portion integrated with the mounting portion and adapted to primarily reflect light emitted from the LED bar toward the reflective sheet,
wherein a cross-section of the composite reflective portion comprises a curved reflective surface adjacent to the mounting portion and a straight reflective surface extending away from a boundary with the mounting portion,
wherein the reflective sheet is adapted to secondarily reflect the light primarily reflected from the composite reflective portion toward the display panel,
wherein the LED bar comprises a plurality of LEDs arrayed on a substrate in a lengthwise direction of the substrate, each of the LEDs having an optical axis,
wherein the composite reflective portion is configured to intersect the optical axis,
wherein the mounting portion comprises a mounting surface on which the LED bar is mounted,
wherein the mounting surface is divided into an inner surface and an outer surface by a line drawn perpendicular to the mounting surface from the boundary between the curved reflective surface and the straight reflective surface, such that the inner surface is between a first end adjacent to the curved surface and the line and the outer surface is between the line and a second end opposite to the first end,
wherein the LEDs lies in the inner surface,
wherein the reflective sheet comprises one or more light attenuating areas formed around its one side edge adjacent to the linear LED module to increase the amount of light absorbed and reduce the amount of light reflected, and
wherein a number of holes or black dot patterns are formed in the light attenuating areas.