US Pat. No. 10,431,551

VISUAL IDENTIFICATION OF SEMICONDUCTOR DIES

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a die; and
a package surrounding the die, wherein the electronic device includes a unique visual identification mark, wherein a first character of a set of characters in the unique visual identification mark includes at least one line that connects two adjacent sides of a bond pad of the die, wherein the unique visual identification mark encodes a Cartesian coordinate of the die relative to a reference point on a semiconductor wafer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,550

FAN-OUT ELECTRONIC COMPONENT PACKAGE

Samsung EIectro-Mechanics...

1. A fan-out electronic component package, comprising:a core member comprising a through-hole, wiring layers and vias configured to electrically connect the wiring layers to each other;
a first electronic component disposed in the through-hole, and comprising filters configured to filter different frequency bands;
a first encapsulant disposed to cover portions of the core member and the first electronic component, and fill portions of the through-hole;
a connection member disposed on the core member and the first electronic component, and comprising a redistribution layer electrically connected to the wiring layers and the first electronic component;
a second electronic component disposed on the connection member and electrically connected to the redistribution layer; and
a second encapsulant disposed to cover the second electronic component,
wherein the first electronic component comprises a first active surface comprising a first connection pad disposed thereon and a second active surface opposite the first active surface and comprising a second connection pad disposed thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,431,549

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Powertech Technology Inc....

1. A semiconductor package, comprising:a stacked-die structure comprising:
a first semiconductor die comprising a first active surface;
a circuit layer disposed on and not extending laterally beyond the first active surface of the first semiconductor die;
a second semiconductor die electrically connected to the first semiconductor die through the circuit layer and comprising a second active surface facing towards the first active surface of the first semiconductor die;
a plurality of conductive features disposed on the circuit layer and the first semiconductor die and electrically connected to the first semiconductor die and the second semiconductor die, wherein
a portion of the plurality of conductive features laterally surrounds the second semiconductor die, and
the plurality of conductive features comprise a first coupling structure disposed between the first semiconductor die and the second semiconductor die and a second coupling structure surrounding the first coupling structure; and
a first encapsulant encapsulating the second semiconductor die and the plurality of conductive features;
a second encapsulant laterally encapsulating the stacked-die structure, wherein a second back surface of the second semiconductor die opposite to the second active surface and a top surface of the second coupling structure are coplanar with a top surface of the first encapsulant and a top surface of the second encapsulant; and
a redistribution layer disposed on the second encapsulant and the staked-die structure, wherein
the redistribution layer is electrically connected to the staked-die structure, and
the second coupling structure is electrically connected to the first semiconductor die and the redistribution layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,547

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A semiconductor package comprising:a package substrate;
a first semiconductor chip disposed on the package substrate, the first semiconductor chip including a first surface and a second surface opposite to each other;
a plurality of first connection terminals disposed on the first surface of the first semiconductor chip and in contact with an upper surface of the package substrate;
a second semiconductor chip overlying the second surface of the first semiconductor chip, the second semiconductor chip including a third surface and a fourth surface opposite to each other; and
a plurality of second connection terminals disposed on the third surface of the second semiconductor chip and in contact with the second surface of the first semiconductor chip,
wherein an absolute value between a first area which is a sum of areas in which the plurality of first connection terminals contact the upper surface of the package substrate and a second area which is a sum of areas in which the plurality of second connection terminals contact the second surface of the first semiconductor chip is equal to or less than about 0.3 of the first area.

US Pat. No. 10,431,544

SELF-FORMING BARRIER FOR COBALT INTERCONNECTS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

11. An interconnect for a semiconductor device, comprising;a silicon dioxide insulator layer that includes a trench;
a low-k dielectric film formed on a surface of the insulator layer in the trench;
a diffusion barrier layer formed on a surface of the low-k dielectric film in the trench, wherein the diffusion barrier layer does not extend laterally outside the trench;
an adhesion layer formed on the low-k dielectric film in the trench; and
an elemental cobalt conductor formed on the adhesion layer, wherein the diffusion barrier layer prevents material from the elemental cobalt conductor from diffusing into the insulator layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,541

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, LAYOUT PATTERN AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:an interconnect structure, made of conductive material, and comprising a first interconnect portion and a second interconnect portion, wherein the second interconnect portion is connected to a first end of the first interconnect portion, and a width of the second interconnect portion is less than a width of the first interconnect portion; and
a first conductive line, arranged over or below the first interconnect portion and providing an electrical connection between the interconnect structure and an electrical structure, wherein a distance between the first conductive line and the first end is less than a distance between the first conductive line and a second end of the first interconnect portion which is opposite to the first end, and the first conductive line is arranged within the first interconnect portion and formed between the first end and the second end.

US Pat. No. 10,431,539

SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT INCLUDING DISCHARGE CONTROL CIRCUIT

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A semiconductor integrated circuit, comprising:an output circuit connected between a power supply and a first node at which a load component can be connected, the output circuit electrically connecting the power supply to the first node when a first control signal supplied to the output circuit is a first logic level and electrically disconnecting the power supply from the first node when the first control signal is a second logic level;
a discharge circuit connected between the first node and a reference potential source, the discharge circuit electrically disconnecting the first node from the reference potential source when a second control signal supplied to the discharge circuit is the first logic level and electrically connecting the first node to the reference potential source when the second control signal is the second logic level; and
a discharge control circuit configured to set the second control signal to the second logic level when the first control signal changes to the second logic level from the first logic level and to set the second control signal to the first logic level after a predetermined time has elapsed from a time when the first control signal changes to the second logic level, wherein
the discharge control circuit includes:
a delay circuit receiving the first control signal as an input and generating a delay signal by delaying a signal corresponding to the first control signal; and
a first logic circuit configured to perform a logical operation on at least the first control signal and the delay signal and to output a logical operation result as the second control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,538

TRANSISTOR PACKAGES

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A transistor package comprising:a die case having a top surface and a bottom surface opposite from the top surface;
a source bus tab extending from a first side of the die case, wherein a portion of the source bus tab that extends from the first side is spaced apart from the top surface and the bottom surface in a direction perpendicular to the top surface;
a drain bus tab extending from a second side of the die case opposite from the first side, wherein a portion of the drain bus tab that extends from the second side is spaced apart from the top surface and the bottom surface in the direction perpendicular to the top surface; and
a gate extending from a third side of the die case, wherein the gate includes a first element and a second element, wherein the first element of the gate extends in a first direction from the die case and the second element of the gate extends in a second direction from the first element, wherein the third side of the die case is perpendicular to both the first side of the die case and the second side of the die case, wherein a portion of the gate that extends from the third side is spaced apart from the top surface and the bottom surface in the direction perpendicular to the top surface, and wherein the portions of the source bus tab and the drain bus tab that extend from the die case are spaced apart from an exterior surface of the third side in a direction perpendicular to the exterior surface of the third side.

US Pat. No. 10,431,537

ELECTROMIGRATION RESISTANT AND PROFILE CONSISTENT CONTACT ARRAYS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A package assembly comprising:a substrate extending from a first substrate end to a second substrate end, the substrate includes a plurality of conductive traces;
one or more die coupled along the substrate, at least a first die of the one or more die includes a first array of contacts; and
a plurality of via assemblies interposed between at least the first array of contacts and the plurality of conductive traces, and each via assembly between the first array and the plurality of conductive traces includes:
a base pad in communication with a conductive trace of the plurality of conductive traces, the base pad includes at least a first conductive material,
a cap in communication with a contact of the first array of contacts, the cap includes at least a second conductive material different from the first conductive material, and
an electromigration resistant via within a via passage between the base pad and the cap, the electromigration resistant via is configured to isolate each of the base pad and the cap from intermetallic compound growth and includes a third conductive material different from the first and second conductive materials.

US Pat. No. 10,431,536

INTERPOSER SUBSTRATE AND SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A semiconductor package comprising:a first semiconductor package including a first substrate and a lower semiconductor chip mounted on the first substrate;
a second semiconductor package stacked on the first semiconductor package and including a second substrate and an upper semiconductor chip mounted on the second substrate; and
an interposer substrate interposed between the first semiconductor package and the second semiconductor package and having a recess recessed from a lower surface facing the lower semiconductor chip,
wherein the interposer substrate includes a dummy wiring layer disposed to be adjacent to the recess in a region overlapped with the lower semiconductor chip, and
wherein the dummy wiring layer is electrically floating.

US Pat. No. 10,431,535

ELECTRONIC PACKAGE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

Siliconware Precision Ind...

1. A method for fabricating an electronic package, comprising:providing a packaging substrate having a circuit structure and an antenna structure, wherein the circuit structure has a first side and a second side opposite to the first side, the circuit structure comprises at least one dielectric layer and a circuit layer formed on the dielectric layer, and the antenna structure is in contact with the first side of the circuit structure, without an antenna on the second side of the circuit structure; and
disposing at least one electronic component on the second side of the circuit structure and electrically connecting the electronic component to the second side of the circuit structure, wherein the electronic component is a semiconductor chip, wherein the circuit structure further comprises a core layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,532

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH NOTCHED MAIN LEAD

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a semiconductor element;
a main lead on which the semiconductor element is disposed;
a first auxiliary lead and a second auxiliary lead, the first auxiliary lead and the second auxiliary lead each being electrically connected to the semiconductor element;
a first wire electrically connecting the semiconductor element to the first auxiliary lead;
a second wire electrically connecting the semiconductor element to the second auxiliary lead; and
a resin package covering the semiconductor element, the main lead, the first auxiliary lead, and the second auxiliary lead,
wherein the main lead includes a main full thickness part and a main eave part that is smaller in size in a thickness direction of the semiconductor element than the main full thickness part,
the semiconductor element overlaps with each of the main full thickness part and the main eave part in plan view,
the main eave part includes an end face that faces the first auxiliary lead and the second auxiliary lead and that is formed with a notch recessed toward a center of the main lead in plan view,
the first auxiliary lead includes a first auxiliary full thickness part and a first auxiliary eave part that is smaller in size in the thickness direction of the semiconductor element than the first auxiliary full thickness part,
the second auxiliary lead includes a second auxiliary full thickness part and a second auxiliary eave part that is smaller in size in the thickness direction of the semiconductor element than the second auxiliary full thickness part,
the first wire is bonded at a position overlapping with the first auxiliary full thickness part in plan view, and the second wire is bonded at a position overlapping with the second auxiliary full thickness part in plan view,
the first wire has an end bonded to the semiconductor element, the end of the first wire being bonded to the semiconductor element at a position that overlaps with the main full thickness part in plan view,
the main eave part is formed with a pair of main lateral connecting parts that project in mutually opposite directions from a main body of the main eave part, the main lateral connecting parts including respective front faces and respective back faces opposite to the respective front faces, the front faces being flush with the end face of the main eave part, and
the second wire has an end bonded to the semiconductor element, the end of the second wire being bonded to the semiconductor element at a position that overlaps with the main eave part in plan view and is located between the main full thickness part and an imaginary straight line connecting the back faces of the main lateral connecting parts in plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,431,531

SEMICONDUCTOR DIES WITH RECESSES, ASSOCIATED LEADFRAMES, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:electrically connecting one or more leadfingers of a leadframe to a semiconductor die;
encapsulating the semiconductor die, a removable tie, and a support paddle with an encapsulant, wherein the removable tie connects the support paddle to the leadframe, and wherein the support paddle is attached to the semiconductor die; and
removing a frame portion of the leadframe and at least portion of the removable tie from the encapsulated semiconductor die and support paddle.

US Pat. No. 10,431,529

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first island;
a first semiconductor element, a second semiconductor element, a third semiconductor element, a fourth semiconductor element, a fifth semiconductor element and a sixth semiconductor element mounted on the first island and spaced apart from each other in plan view, the second semiconductor element overlapping with the first semiconductor element as viewed in a first direction, the third semiconductor element overlapping with the first semiconductor element as viewed in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, the fourth semiconductor element overlapping with the third semiconductor element as viewed in the first direction, the fifth semiconductor element overlapping with the third semiconductor element as viewed in the second direction, the sixth semiconductor element overlapping with the fifth semiconductor element as viewed in the first direction;
a second island spaced apart from the first island;
a first control IC mounted on the second island for driving the first semiconductor element, the third semiconductor element and the fifth semiconductor element;
a first terminal, a second terminal and a third terminal spaced from each other and spaced from the first island and the second island in plan view;
a first wire connecting the first semiconductor element to the second semiconductor element;
a second wire connecting the first wire to the first terminal;
a third wire connecting the third semiconductor element to the fourth semiconductor element;
a fourth wire connecting the third wire to the second terminal;
a fifth wire connecting the fifth semiconductor element to the sixth semiconductor element; and
a sixth wire connecting the fifth wire to the third terminal,
wherein in the second direction, a center of the first control IC is offset from a center of the first semiconductor element, a center of the second semiconductor element and a center of the third semiconductor element.

US Pat. No. 10,431,527

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH ISLAND AND ASSOCIATED LEADS

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a resin package having a first corner portion, a second corner portion, a third corner portion and a fourth corner portion, and a package line which connects the first and the second corner portions;
an island having an exposed portion which is partly exposed from the resin package in a bottom view of the resin package, the exposed portion having a first exposed corner portion, a second exposed corner portion, a third exposed corner portion and a fourth exposed corner portion;
a semiconductor chip disposed on a surface of the island;
a first lead disposed in a vicinity of the first corner portion in the bottom view of the resin package, the first lead having a short side and a long side, both of the short side and the long side of the first lead being substantially parallel to a first exposed diagonal line imagined by connecting the first and third corner portions;
a second lead disposed in a vicinity of the second corner portion in the bottom view of the resin package, the second lead having a short side and a long side, both of the short side and the long side of the second lead being substantially parallel to the first exposed diagonal line;
a third lead disposed in a vicinity of the third corner portion in the bottom view of the resin package, the third lead having a short side and a long side, both of the short side and the long side of the third lead being substantially parallel to the first exposed diagonal line; and
a fourth lead disposed in a vicinity of the fourth corner portion in the bottom view of the resin package, the fourth lead having a short side and a long side, both of the short side and the long side of the fourth lead being substantially parallel to the first exposed diagonal line, wherein
a distance between the first exposed corner portion and the package line is longer than a length of the short side of the first lead; and
the distance between the first exposed corner portion and the package line is shorter than a length of the long side of the first lead.

US Pat. No. 10,431,525

BOND-OVER-ACTIVE CIRCUITY GALLIUM NITRIDE DEVICES

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first layer with a plurality of cells, each cell comprising a drain finger, a source finger and a gate ring; and
a second layer comprising a drain pad and a source pad, the drain pad having a width and a source pad having a width substantially the same as the drain pad;
wherein a width of each drain finger of the first layer is wider than a width of each source finger of the first layer;
wherein each drain pad is coupled to each drain finger through a first contact and the source pad is coupled to each source finger through a second contact, where a width of the first contact is wider than a width of the second contact; and
wherein one of the drain pad or the source pad is positioned over one of the drain finger or the source finger.

US Pat. No. 10,431,522

THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIAL LAYER AND PACKAGE-ON-PACKAGE DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor package device having a package-on-package (PoP) structure, the semiconductor package device comprising:a lower semiconductor package including a lower package substrate and a lower semiconductor chip mounted on the lower package substrate;
an upper semiconductor package including an upper package substrate and a first upper semiconductor chip on the upper package substrate;
a connection solder bump between the upper package substrate and the lower package substrate, the connection solder bump electrically connecting the upper semiconductor package and the lower semiconductor package;
a thermal conductive material between the lower semiconductor package and the upper semiconductor package, the thermal conductive material including a resin layer and filler particles distributed in the resin layer, the filler particles include a plurality of filler particles including at least two layers; and
a lower mold layer covering a sidewall of the lower semiconductor chip, and not covering a top surface of the lower semiconductor chip.

US Pat. No. 10,431,521

INTEGRATED ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS AND METHODS OF FORMATION THEREOF

CUBIC CORPORATION, San D...

1. A method of forming an integrated electronic component, comprising:providing an electronic device;
disposing a plurality of layers over a substrate, wherein the layers comprise one or more of dielectric, conductive and sacrificial materials; and
forming from the layers a microstructure comprising: a waveguide section comprising a plurality of waveguides, the waveguides each having a non-solid core volume within an outer conductor surrounding the core volume; and a transition structure coupling the waveguides to the electronic device,
wherein the waveguides each comprise a center conductor disposed in and surrounded by the outer conductor with the non-solid volume disposed between the center conductor and the outer conductor, and wherein the transition structure comprises a post mechanically coupling the substrate to the center conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,518

RFIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SAME

NINGBO SEMICONDUCTOR INTE...

1. A radio frequency integrated circuit (RFIC) device, comprising:a first semiconductor layer having a first surface and a second surface;
a first dielectric layer on the first surface of the first semiconductor layer;
a semiconductor component within the first semiconductor layer and the first dielectric layer, the semiconductor component including at least one transistor;
a second dielectric layer on the second surface of the first semiconductor layer; and
a sheet-like heat sink, formed of a material at least including a dielectric material on a surface of the second dielectric layer opposite to the first semiconductor layer and configured to dissipate heat from the semiconductor component, wherein the sheet-like heat sink includes a first heat sink sheet arranged in a vertical projection area of the at least one transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,517

ARRANGEMENT AND THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF 3D STACKED DIES

Advanced Micro Devices, I...

1. A semiconductor chip device, comprising:a first semiconductor chip having a side and a floor plan with a high heat producing area and a low heat producing area;
at least one second semiconductor chip stacked on the side and on the low heat producing area; and
means for thermally contacting the side and transferring heat from the high heat producing area.

US Pat. No. 10,431,516

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a semiconductor chip having a passivation film;
a stress relieving layer provided over the passivation film for absorbing and relieving an externally applied stress; and
a sealing resin layer provided on the stress relieving layer for sealing a front side of the semiconductor chip, wherein:
the semiconductor chip has a groove formed therein from a front surface thereof at a peripheral edge portion of the front surface,
in a sectional view of the semiconductor device perpendicular to the groove, a portion of the front surface separates the groove from one side surface of the semiconductor device that is closer to the groove than another side surface of the semiconductor device,
the portion of the front surface has a first portion and a second portion facing the first portion across the groove, and
the sealing resin layer has a side surface which is substantially flush with a side surface of the stress relieving layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,515

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR SELF-ALIGNMENT OF INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DIES

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method comprising:depositing, on a surface of a substrate, a hydrophobic material to form a pattern that exposes areas of the substrate surface for placement of integrated circuit (IC) dies;
applying, to the exposed areas of the substrate surface, a water-based solution such that droplets of the water-based solution form on the exposed areas of the substrate surface;
placing IC dies on the droplets of the water-based solution that are formed on the exposed areas of the substrate surface; and
causing the droplets of the water-based solution to evaporate such that the IC dies settle on the exposed areas of the substrate surface.

US Pat. No. 10,431,514

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGES HAVING DUAL ENCAPSULATION MATERIAL

STMicroelectronics (Malta...

1. A semiconductor package comprising:a substrate having a center portion and a perimeter portion, the perimeter portion having a surface and first and second thicknesses exposed at the surface, wherein the first and second thicknesses are different from each other, at least one of the first and second thicknesses being less than a third thickness of the center portion;
a first die of semiconductor material mounted to the substrate at the center portion;
a transparent encapsulation material on the center portion of the substrate and around the first die; and
an opaque encapsulation material on the perimeter portion of the substrate,
wherein the surface of the perimeter portion is coplanar with an outer surface of the opaque encapsulation material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,513

MICROELECTRONIC DEVICES, STACKED MICROELECTRONIC DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING MICROELECTRONIC DEVICES

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

12. A stacked microelectronic device, comprising:a first microelectronic device, including:
a first lower substrate with a footprint,
a first microelectronic die carried on the first lower substrate and electrically coupled to the first lower substrate by a first plurality of wirebonds, and
a first upper substrate disposed over the first microelectronic die and electrically coupled to the first lower substrate by a second plurality of wirebonds,
wherein the first microelectronic die includes a first perimeter array of bond-pads on an upper side thereof, and wherein the first upper substrate is positioned inboard of the first perimeter array; and
a second microelectronic device disposed over the first microelectronic device, the second microelectronic device including:
a second lower substrate with the footprint,
a second microelectronic die carried on the second lower substrate and electrically coupled to the second lower substrate by a third plurality of wirebonds, and
a second upper substrate disposed over the second microelectronic die and electrically coupled to the second lower substrate by a fourth plurality of wirebonds,
wherein the second microelectronic die includes a second perimeter array of bond-pads on an upper side thereof, and wherein the second upper substrate is positioned inboard of the second perimeter array;
wherein the second lower substrate is electrically coupled to the first upper substrate by a plurality of solder connections.

US Pat. No. 10,431,512

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE WITH BARRIER FOR RADIO FREQUENCY ABSORBER

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A semiconductor package comprising:a substrate;
a frame;
an integrated device die mounted to the substrate, the integrated device die comprising a transmitter die; and
a lid comprising a ventilation hole, the lid mounted to at least one of the frame and substrate over the integrated device die, wherein the lid, frame, and substrate at least partly define a cavity in which the integrated device die is disposed, the lid comprising a compartment formed therein, the compartment separated from the cavity by a partition,
wherein the ventilation hole provides fluid communication between the compartment and the outside environs.

US Pat. No. 10,431,511

POWER AMPLIFIER WITH RF STRUCTURE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A shield structure, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate located above the first substrate;
a power amplifier on the first substrate and configured to output a drive current;
a first inductor embedded in the first substrate and coupled to the power amplifier;
a second inductor embedded in the second substrate and coupled to the first inductor, the first inductor and the second inductor configured to match an impedance of the power amplifier; and
a ground wall surrounding the first inductor and the second inductor, the ground wall configured to isolate a magnetic field produced by the first inductor and the second inductor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,509

NON-MAGNETIC PACKAGE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

General Electric Company,...

1. A micro-electro-mechanical (MEMS) package comprising:a non-magnetic package body comprising:
a floor; and
a wall extending from the floor and surrounding a cavity;
a non-magnetic seal ring formed on an upper edge of the wall;
a MEMS device mounted to the floor via an indium preform; and
a non-magnetic metallic lid hermetically sealed to the package body by the seal ring, the non-magnetic metallic lid comprising a molybdenum substrate coated with layers of copper and palladium.

US Pat. No. 10,431,507

CONTACT-VIA CHAIN AS CORROSION DETECTOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A detector for determining a faulty semiconductor component, comprising:a semiconductor component;
a contact-via chain situated laterally at a distance from the semiconductor component and which surrounds the semiconductor component in regions;
a guard ring situated laterally at another distance from the semiconductor component; and
an evaluation unit situated on the semiconductor component, wherein the evaluation unit is configured to apply a permanent electrical voltage to the contact-via chain to detect a resistance value of the contact-via chain and to produce an output signal when the resistance value of the contact-via chain exceeds a threshold value;
wherein the contact-via chain is connected, through the evaluation unit, to a positive electrical voltage by a substrate with n-doped wells and a p-doped substrate or to a negative electrical voltage by the substrate with the use of p-doped wells in an n-doped substrate, and
wherein the contact-via chain is surrounded by dielectric material or is embedded in the dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,506

METHOD OF PROCESSING SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of processing a substrate, comprising:forming a mask layer on the substrate having an etched region and a non-etched region defined by the etched region;
inspecting the mask layer to detect defects in the mask layer using Raman spectrum analysis;
determining whether the defects are on the etched region or the non-etched region if the defects are in the mask layer;
removing the mask layer on the etched region and the non-etched region of the substrate if the defects are on the non-etched region; and
etching a portion of the mask layer on the etched region to form a mask pattern on the non-etched region if the defects are on the etched region.

US Pat. No. 10,431,505

METHOD OF INSPECTING SURFACE HAVING A MINUTE PATTERN BASED ON DETECTING LIGHT REFLECTED FROM METAL LAYER ON THE SURFACE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method, comprising:forming a metal layer on a surface of an inspection target device, the inspection target device including a pattern, such that the metal layer is formed on the pattern and an outer surface of the metal layer is distal to the surface of the inspection target device;
emitting light incident on the outer surface of the metal layer, and adjusting the emitted light to be incident to the outer surface of the metal layer and normal to the outer surface of the metal layer;
detecting a spectrum of the light reflected from the outer surface of the metal layer; and
generating, based on the detected spectrum, information associated with a structural characteristic of the pattern formed on the surface of the inspection target device,
wherein the pattern includes a plurality of patterns, the patterns being spaced apart according to a particular period,
wherein the generating includes measuring a width of at least one pattern of the plurality of patterns and a distance between adjacent patterns, based on a material of the metal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,503

SACRIFICIAL CAP FOR FORMING SEMICONDUCTOR CONTACT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first semiconductor fin and a second semiconductor fin;
a gate stack arranged over a channel region of the first semiconductor fin and the second semiconductor fin;
a source/drain region comprising a crystalline material having top faceted surfaces and bottom faceted surfaces, the bottom faceted surfaces contacting the first semiconductor fin and the second semiconductor fin, wherein the source/drain region comprises an undulating or non-planar surface;
an air gap formed conformally and in direct contact with the top faceted surfaces and the bottom faceted surfaces of the source/drain region; and
a conductive contact material in contact with the top faceted surfaces of the crystalline material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,500

MULTI-STEP INSULATOR FORMATION IN TRENCHES TO AVOID SEAMS IN INSULATORS

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method comprising:forming a trench in a material;
forming a conductor in a lower portion of the trench;
performing a first atomic layer deposition (ALD) of a first liner material to line a middle portion and an upper portion of the trench, the middle portion is between the lower portion and the upper portion;
flowing a fill material comprising an insulator to fill the middle portion and the upper portion of the trench;
removing the fill material from the upper portion of the trench to leave the fill material in the middle portion of the trench; and
performing a second ALD of a second material to fill the upper portion of the trench with the second material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,497

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF EPITAXIAL FIN-SHAPED STRUCTURE

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A manufacturing method of an epitaxial fin-shaped structure, comprising:providing a substrate;
forming a recess in the substrate;
forming an epitaxial layer on the substrate, wherein the epitaxial layer is partly formed in the recess and partly formed outside the recess, and the epitaxial layer comprises a dent formed on the top surface of the epitaxial layer and formed corresponding to the recess in a thickness direction of the substrate;
forming a nitride layer conformally on the epitaxial layer;
forming an oxide layer on the nitride layer;
performing a first planarization process to remove a part of the oxide layer, wherein the first planarization process is stopped on the nitride layer; and
patterning the epitaxial layer in the recess for forming at least one epitaxial fin-shaped structure.

US Pat. No. 10,431,495

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH LOCAL CONNECTION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming a first trench silicide (TS) coupled to a first source or drain (S/D), a second TS coupled to a second S/D, and a gate metal separated from the first and second TS;
forming a trench above and on sides of the gate metal;
forming a local connection metal in the trench such that the gate metal is coupled to the first TS and the second TS; and
forming a local connection cap on top of the local connection metal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,494

BEOL SELF-ALIGNED INTERCONNECT STRUCTURE

International Business Ma...

1. An interconnect structure comprising:a lower interconnect level comprising a first interconnect dielectric material layer having a first electrically conductive line feature embedded therein;
an upper interconnect level located above the lower interconnect level and comprising a second interconnect dielectric material layer having a first electrically conductive via feature, a second electrically conductive line feature, and a second electrically conductive via feature stacked one atop the other, and embedded in the second interconnect dielectric material layer, wherein the first and second electrically conductive via features are self-aligned perpendicularly to, and along the direction of, the second electrically conductive line feature;
a third interconnect dielectric material layer having a lower portion embedded in the second interconnect dielectric material layer and laterally adjacent the second electrically conductive via feature, and an upper portion that is located above the second interconnect dielectric material layer and the second electrically conductive via feature; and
a first metal liner located on an entirety of a topmost surface of the second electrically conductive line feature and entirely separating the second electrically conductive line feature from the second electrically conductive via feature and from the third interconnect dielectric material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,493

DOPING CONTROL OF METAL NITRIDE FILMS

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A method for controlling doping of a tantalum nitride film, the method comprising:controlling a temperature during deposition of a tantalum nitride film to control a density of the deposited tantalum nitride film, the density of the tantalum nitride film less than or equal to about 9.5 g/cm3; and
exposing the tantalum nitride film to a dopant metal precursor to form a doped tantalum nitride film,
wherein there is no plasma treatment during deposition of the tantalum nitride film or between deposition of the tantalum nitride film and doping of the tantalum nitride film.

US Pat. No. 10,431,487

MICRO-TRANSFER-PRINTABLE FLIP-CHIP STRUCTURES AND METHODS

X-Celeprint Limited, Cor...

1. A semiconductor structure suitable for transfer printing, comprising:a handle substrate;
a cured bonding layer disposed in contact with the handle substrate;
a capping layer disposed in contact with the bonding layer;
a patterned release layer disposed in contact with the capping layer; and
a completed semiconductor device disposed on or over the patterned release layer and attached to an anchor disposed on the handle substrate with at least one tether,
wherein the at least one tether is in a common plane with an exposed entry path to the patterned release layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,486

WAFER ALIGNING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ALIGNING A WAFER INTO A SPECIFIED ROTATIONAL ANGULAR POSITION

1. A wafer aligning device for placing a wafer in a predetermined rotational angular position (?S), the wafer aligning device comprising:a wafer table having a table receiving area configured to receive the wafer at the predetermined rotational angular position (?S); and
an aligning mechanism having an aligning receiving area configured to align the wafer into the predetermined rotational angular position (?S),
wherein the aligning receiving area is configured in an aligning position (PA) when receiving the wafer such that the aligning receiving area is positioned above the wafer table,
wherein the aligning mechanism is configured to place the wafer received in the aligning receiving area on the table receiving area of the wafer table by traversing toward the table receiving area via a vertical downward movement, and
wherein the aligning mechanism is configured to simultaneously align the wafer to the predetermined rotational angular position while traversing toward the table receiving area via the vertical downward movement.

US Pat. No. 10,431,484

METHOD AND STATION FOR MEASURING THE CONTAMINATION OF A TRANSPORT BOX FOR THE ATMOSPHERIC CONVEYANCE AND STORAGE OF SUBSTRATES

PFEIFFER VACUUM, Annecy ...

1. A method for measuring contamination of a transport box for atmospheric conveyance and storage of substrates, the method comprising:measuring a concentration of at least one gaseous species inside the transport box by a measurement device comprising at least one gas analyzer and a measurement line connecting the at least one gas analyzer to an interface, the interface placing the measurement line in communication with an internal atmosphere of the transport box; and
supplying a gas flow containing water vapor to the measurement device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,481

LOAD LOCK APPARATUS AND SUBSTRATE PROCESSING SYSTEM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A load lock apparatus having a load lock chamber connected to a vacuum transfer chamber configured to transfer a substrate under a vacuum pressure state via a communication hole which is opened and closed by a gate valve, and configured to be capable of switching an inner pressure into an atmospheric pressure state and the vacuum pressure state, the load lock apparatus comprising:a load lock chamber main body having a carrying-in/out hole through which a substrate container, which is configured to accommodate a plurality of substrates and has an attachable/detachable cover installed on a side surface of the substrate container, can be carried in/out, and an opening/closing door configured to open and close the carrying-in/out hole, wherein the communication hole is formed in a side surface of the load lock chamber;
a cover attaching/detaching mechanism installed at a height position which is a lower side of the communication hole in the load lock chamber, and configured to be horizontally advanced and retracted between an attachment/detachment position at which the cover is attached/detached to/from the substrate container and a retraction position at which the cover is retracted from the attachment/detachment position; and
an elevating mechanism installed in the load lock chamber and including a mounting table on which the substrate container is loaded, the elevating mechanism being configured to lift and lower the mounting table such that the cover-installed side surface of the substrate container loaded on the mounting table can be moved between a height position opposite to the communication hole and a height position opposite to the cover attaching/detaching mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,431,479

HEAT TREATMENT APPARATUS AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A heat treatment apparatus comprising:a processing container configured to accommodate a substrate therein;
a furnace body having a heater configured to heat the substrate accommodated in the processing container and provided around the processing container;
a blower configured to supply a coolant to a space between the processing container and the furnace body; and
a controller having a continuous operation mode in which the blower is continuously energized and an intermittent operation mode in which energization and de-energization of the blower are repeated, and configured to control driving of the blower based on an instruction voltage,
wherein the controller drives the blower in the intermittent operation mode when the instruction voltage is higher than 0 V and lower than a predetermined threshold voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,431,478

TIME-VARYING FREQUENCY POWERED HEAT SOURCE

1. An apparatus comprising:an article of manufacture, comprising an active heat source including:
a predefined substrate; and
two or more electrodes, formed at manufacture to be located directly or indirectly on the substrate, the electrodes configured to receive a non-zero frequency time-varying electrical energy that is coupled by the one or more electrodes to the substrate to generate a frequency-controlled heat source in the substrate, the heat source location selected along a length of the two or more electrodes by adjusting the frequency of the time-varying electrical energy; and
wherein the two or more electrodes include first and second electrodes separated from each other by different minimum spacing at different locations on at least one of the first and second electrodes so that adjusting the frequency of the time-varying electrical energy is capable of selectably adjusting at least one corresponding frequency-dependent current path between the first and second electrodes to provide the frequency-controlled heat at at least one desired location in the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,431,476

METHOD OF MAKING A PLURALITY OF PACKAGED SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A method of making a plurality of packaged semiconductor devices, the method comprising:providing a carrier blank having a die receiving surface and an underside;
mounting a plurality of semiconductor dies on the die receiving surface of the carrier blank,
wherein the dies extend to a first height above the die receiving surface;
depositing an encapsulant on the die receiving surface,
wherein an upper surface of the encapsulant is located above said first height,
whereby the encapsulant covers the plurality of semiconductor dies; and
singulating the carrier blank and encapsulant to form the plurality of packaged semiconductor devices by:
sawing into the underside of the carrier to saw through the carrier blank and
saw partially through the encapsulant to a saw depth intermediate the first height and the upper surface of the encapsulant,
wherein said sawing separates the carrier blank into a plurality of carriers,
each carrier having
an underside corresponding to the underside of the carrier blank and
a die receiving surface corresponding to the die receiving surface of the carrier blank,
wherein the die receiving surface of each carrier has at least one of said semiconductor dies mounted thereon; and
removing encapsulant from upper surface of the encapsulant at least until said saw depth is reached;
further comprising contacting an electrical probe to the underside of at least some of the carriers to test the packaged semiconductor devices; and
performing solder reflow;
wherein said solder reflow is performed after said testing the packaged semiconductor devices;
further comprising contacting an electrical probe to the underside of at least some of the carriers to re-test the packaged semiconductor devices after said solder reflow is performed.

US Pat. No. 10,431,474

METHOD FOR FORMING A CAVITY AND A COMPONENT HAVING A CAVITY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for forming a cavity in a silicon substrate, comprising:providing the silicon substrate, a surface of the silicon substrate having a tilting angle relative to a first plane of the silicon substrate, and the first plane being a {111} plane of the silicon substrate;
situating an etching mask on the surface of the silicon substrate, the etching mask having a mask opening having a first transverse edge and a second transverse edge parallel to the first transverse edge, the first transverse edge being situated in the first plane of the silicon substrate, the etching mask having a first retarding structure that protrudes into the mask opening, the etching mask having a first etching projection region, and all further edges of the mask opening outside the first etching projection region being situated parallel to {111} planes of the silicon substrate; and
anisotropically etching the silicon substrate during a defined etching duration, an etching rate in the <111> directions of the silicon substrate being lower than in other spatial directions, the first retarding structure being undercut going out from the first etching projection region in a first undercut direction, the first undercut direction being oriented parallel to the first transverse edge and the second transverse edge of the mask opening, the etching duration being defined such that through the anisotropic etching, a cavity forms in the silicon substrate hat has an opening on the surface of the silicon substrate, the opening of the cavity being limited at two sides by the first transverse edge and the second transverse edge of the mask opening, and at a further side by a first longitudinal edge, perpendicular to the first and to the second transverse edge, that is produced by the undercutting of the first retarding structure, and the etching duration moreover being defined such that after elapsing of the etching duration, the first plane of the silicon substrate is exposed and forms a floor surface of the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,431,473

FINFET WITH SOURCE/DRAIN STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF FABRICATION THEREOF

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method of semiconductor device fabrication, comprising:providing a plurality of adjacent first fins extending from a substrate, wherein the plurality of adjacent first fins include at least two inner first-fin sidewalls facing each other and two outer first-fin sidewalls facing away from the plurality of adjacent first fins;
depositing a first spacer layer over the plurality of adjacent first fins, wherein the first spacer layer includes a first region disposed along the at least two inner first-fin sidewalls and a second region disposed over the top of the plurality of adjacent first fins and along the two outer first-fin sidewalls;
performing a tilted implantation process to the first spacer layer so that the second region and a top portion of the first region of the first spacer layer have a first dopant concentration corresponding to a first etch rate and a bottom portion of the first region has a second dopant concentration corresponding to a second etch rate greater than the first etch rate;
performing an etching process to remove a top portion of the second region to form two outer first-fin spacers along the two outer first-fin sidewalls, remove a top portion of the plurality of adjacent first fins, and remove at least partially the first region; and
forming a first epitaxial layer over a remaining portion of the plurality of adjacent first fins, wherein the forming of at least a portion of the first epitaxial layer is laterally constrained by the two outer first-fin spacers.

US Pat. No. 10,431,470

METHOD OF QUASI-ATOMIC LAYER ETCHING OF SILICON NITRIDE

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A method of etching, comprising:providing a substrate having a first material containing silicon nitride and a second material that is different from the first material with the second material provided along first and second side walls of the first material such that the first material is between the second material on the first and second side walls and the first material fills a region between the second material on the first and second side walls;
forming a first chemical mixture by plasma-excitation of a first process gas containing H and optionally a noble gas;
exposing the first material on the substrate to the first chemical mixture to hydrogenate a surface and subsurface regions of the first material, the subsurface regions including a first portion and a second portion below the first portion, and after the exposing first material to the first chemical mixture the first portion has a hydrogen concentration greater than that at the surface and the second portion has a hydrogen concentration lower than that at the surface;
thereafter, forming a second chemical mixture by plasma-excitation of a second process gas containing S and F, and optionally a noble element;
exposing the first material on the substrate to the second plasma-excited process gas to selectively etch the first material relative to the second material; and
repeating the exposing the first material to the first chemical mixture and the exposing the first material to the second plasma-excited process gas to remove the first material between the second material until a layer positioned under the first material is exposed, and after the layer positioned under the first material is exposed, the second material remains on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,431,464

LINER PLANARIZATION-FREE PROCESS FLOW FOR FABRICATING METALLIC INTERCONNECT STRUCTURES

International Business Ma...

1. A method for fabricating a device, comprising:forming a dielectric layer on a substrate;
patterning the dielectric layer to form an opening in the dielectric layer;
depositing a first layer of metallic material over the dielectric layer to form a liner layer on an upper surface of the dielectric layer and on exposed surfaces within the opening;
depositing a second layer of metallic material to fill the opening with metallic material;
removing an overburden portion of the second layer of metallic material by planarizing the second layer of metallic material down to an overburden portion of the liner layer on the upper surface of the dielectric layer;
applying a surface treatment to the overburden portion of the liner layer on the upper surface of the dielectric layer to convert the overburden portion of the liner layer into a layer of metal nitride material, wherein the portion of the liner layer deposited on exposed surfaces within the opening is not converted into the layer of metal nitride material; and
wherein applying a surface treatment comprises performing a plasma nitridation surface treatment to infuse nitrogen atoms into the overburden portion of the liner layer; and selectively etching away the layer of metal nitride material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,463

SUBSTRATE HOLDING DEVICE, LITHOGRAPHY APPARATUS, AND ARTICLE PRODUCTION METHOD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A substrate holding device configured to hold a substrate, the substrate holding device comprising:a holding member including a center part having a hole through which gas is exhausted from a space between the substrate and the holding member and an outer peripheral part surrounding the center part;
a moving unit configured to relatively move the substrate and the holding member in a direction perpendicular to a substrate holding surface of the center part; and
a seal member provided on the outer peripheral part, configured to seal the space and configured to be deformed in response to a distance between the substrate and the holding member relatively moved by the moving unit,
wherein at least one of the outer peripheral part and the seal member has a through hole, and
wherein a first end of the through hole faces the space and a second end of the through hole faces an atmosphere.

US Pat. No. 10,431,462

PLASMA ASSISTED DOPING ON GERMANIUM

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A method for forming a junction in a germanium (Ge) layer of a substrate, comprising:arranging the substrate in a processing chamber;
forming the junction in the germanium (Ge) layer by plasma doping including:
one or more plasma treatments using a first plasma gas mixture including a phosphorus (P) gas species during a predetermined P doping period; and
one or more plasma treatments using a second plasma gas mixture including an antimony (Sb) gas species during a predetermined Sb doping period; and
annealing the substrate during a predetermined annealing period to form the junction in the germanium (Ge) layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,459

METHODS OF FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of fabricating a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming an etching target layer on a substrate;
forming an upper mask layer on the etching target layer;
forming a plurality of preliminary mask patterns on the upper mask layer, two neighboring preliminary mask patterns of the plurality of preliminary mask patterns defining a preliminary opening; and
performing an ion beam etching process on the upper mask layer using the plurality of preliminary mask patterns as an etch mask to form a first preliminary-interim-mask pattern and a pair of second preliminary-interim-mask patterns,
wherein the first preliminary-interim-mask pattern is formed between one of the pair of second preliminary-interim-mask patterns and the other of the pair of second preliminary-interim-mask patterns.

US Pat. No. 10,431,457

METHOD FOR FORMING PATTERNED STRUCTURE

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A method for forming a patterned structure, comprising:providing a layout pattern, wherein the layout pattern comprises:
a plurality of first lines, wherein each of the first lines is elongated in a first direction; and
a plurality of second lines, wherein each of the second lines is elongate in a second direction, wherein the first direction is orthogonal to the second direction;
decomposing the layout pattern for forming:
a first mask comprising:
a plurality of first line patterns corresponding to the first lines; and
a first block pattern corresponding to the second lines; and
a second mask comprising:
a plurality of second line patterns corresponding to the second lines; and
a second block pattern corresponding to the first lines; and
performing a first photolithography process with the first mask and a second photolithography process with the second mask for forming a patterned structure comprising:
a plurality of first line structures, wherein each of the first line structures is elongated in the first direction, and the first line structures are defined by and structurally confined to a region where the first line patterns and the second block pattern overlap with one another; and
a plurality of second line structures, wherein each of the second line structures is elongated in the second direction, and the second line structures are defined by and structurally confined to a region where the second line patterns and the first block pattern overlap with one another.

US Pat. No. 10,431,456

IMPRINT APPARATUS AND METHOD

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An imprint method comprising:applying a material layer for forming a patterned layer having a pattern, to a substrate;
feeding a stamp film including a stamp pattern corresponding to the pattern of the patterned layer, along a pressure roller and an idle roller, to dispose the stamp pattern of the stamp film facing the material layer on the substrate;
forming the patterned layer having the pattern, comprising:
the pressure roller pressing the stamp film including the stamp pattern toward the material layer on the substrate to contact the stamp pattern of the stamp film with the material layer and form the pattern in the material layer,
curing the material layer in contact with the stamp pattern of the stamp film, and
moving the pressure roller and the idle roller to peel the stamp film including the stamp pattern off the material layer which is cured, by a peeling force, to form the patterned layer having the pattern from the material layer which is cured; and
detecting a defect in the pattern of the formed patterned layer, during the peeling of the stamp film off the material layer which is cured, by sensing the peeling force in real time by a pressure sensor connected to the pressure roller.

US Pat. No. 10,431,452

PROTECTIVE FILM FORMING METHOD

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A protective film forming method, comprising steps of:causing an entire surface of a silicon-containing underfilm to be terminated with fluorine by supplying an activated fluorine-containing gas to the silicon-containing underfilm formed on a substrate having a surface including a plurality of recesses and a flat surface provided between the adjacent recesses, the substrate being provided in a process chamber;
nitriding a surface of the silicon-containing underfilm formed on the flat surface of the substrate by supplying a nitriding gas converted to plasma to the silicon-containing underfilm terminated with fluorine such that a silicon adsorption site is formed on the surface of the silicon-containing underfilm formed on the flat surface of the substrate;
adsorbing a silicon-containing gas on the silicon adsorption site by supplying the silicon-containing gas to the silicon-containing underfilm;
changing a rotational speed of the turntable between the steps of causing the entire surface of the silicon-containing underfilm to be terminated with fluorine and nitriding the surface of the silicon-containing underfilm,
wherein the substrate is arranged on a turntable along a circumferential direction thereof,
wherein a fluorine-containing gas supply region configured to supply the activated fluorine-containing gas to the substrate, a silicon-containing gas supply region configured to supply the silicon-containing gas to the substrate, and a nitriding gas supply region configured to supply the nitriding gas to the substrate are arranged above the turntable, along the circumferential direction, and apart from each other,
wherein the step of causing the entire surface of the silicon-containing underfilm to be terminated with fluorine is performed by stopping the supply of the silicon-containing gas in the silicon-containing gas supply region and the supply of the nitriding gas in the nitriding gas supply region and supplying the activated fluorine-containing gas to the substrate in the fluorine-containing gas supply region while rotating the turntable at least one time,
wherein the step of nitriding the surface of the silicon-containing underfilm is performed by stopping the supply of the activated fluorine-containing gas in the fluorine-containing gas supply region and supplying the nitriding gas converted to the plasma in the nitriding gas supply region while rotating the turntable a plurality of times, and
wherein the step of adsorbing the silicon-containing gas on the silicon adsorption site is performed by stopping the supply of the activated fluorine-containing gas in the fluorine-containing gas supply region and supplying the silicon-containing gas to the substrate in the silicon-containing gas supply region while rotating the turntable a plurality of times.

US Pat. No. 10,431,450

FILM FORMING METHOD

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A film forming method for a target object including a main surface and grooves formed in the main surface, the method comprising:accommodating the target object in a processing chamber of a plasma processing apparatus;
after the accommodating, supplying a first gas into the processing chamber; and
after the supplying the first gas, supplying a second gas and a high frequency power for plasma generation in the processing chamber by using a gas that includes the second gas in the processing chamber,
wherein:
the first gas comprises an oxidizing agent that does not include a hydrogen atom;
the second gas contains a compound that includes one or more silicon atoms and one or more fluorine atoms and does not include a hydrogen atom;
a film containing silicon and oxygen is selectively formed on the main surface of the target object except the grooves; and
a temperature of the target object during the supplying the second gas is lower than 450° C.

US Pat. No. 10,431,449

MICROELECTRONIC SYSTEMS CONTAINING EMBEDDED HEAT DISSIPATION STRUCTURES AND METHODS FOR THE FABRICATION THEREOF

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A microelectronic system, comprising:a substrate having a tunnel therein;
a microelectronic component attached to the substrate at a location enclosing an end of the tunnel;
a solder material attaching the microelectronic component to the substrate, the solder material having a first thermal conductivity; and
an embedded heat dissipation structure at least partially contained within the tunnel, the embedded heat dissipation structure comprising:
a thermally-conductive component bond layer in contact with the microelectronic component and having a second thermal conductivity substantially equivalent to or exceeding the first thermal conductivity;
a thermal conduit member at least partially contained within the tunnel and bonded to the microelectronic component through the thermally-conductive component bond layer; and
a conduit bond layer extending around a periphery of the thermal conduit member and bonding the thermal conduit member to inner sidewalls of the substrate defining the tunnel.

US Pat. No. 10,431,448

WET ETCHING METHOD, SUBSTRATE LIQUID PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A wet etching method for wet-etching a substrate including a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface and formed with a first layer as a lower layer and a second layer as an upper layer that are laminated on at least a peripheral edge portion of the first surface of the substrate, the method comprising:a process of rotating the substrate;
a process of supplying a chemical liquid capable of etching both the first layer and the second layer, to the first surface of the rotating substrate; and
a first process of supplying an etching inhibiting liquid to the second surface of the substrate while supplying the chemical liquid to the substrate;
wherein in the first process, the etching inhibiting liquid is supplied while rotating the substrate such that the etching inhibiting liquid wraps around the first surface through an edge of the substrate and reaches a first region extending from the edge of the substrate on the peripheral edge portion of the first surface to a first radial position located radially inward from the edge on the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,431,447

POLYSILICON CHIP RECLAMATION ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF RECLAIMING POLYSILICON CHIPS FROM A POLYSILICON CLEANING APPARATUS

HEMLOCK SEMICONDUCTOR COR...

1. A polysilicon chip reclamation assembly comprising:a polysilicon cleaning apparatus configured to clean a plurality of bodies of polysilicon;
a plurality of polysilicon chips generated from the bodies of polysilicon during cleaning thereof, wherein each of the plurality of polysilicon chips has a longest dimensional length ranging from 0.1 mm to 25.0 mm;
a polysilicon apparatus drain line configured to route the plurality of polysilicon chips from the polysilicon cleaning apparatus to a main chip drain line, wherein the main chip drain line is oriented at a downward slope away from the polysilicon apparatus drain line;
a fluid source fluidly coupled to the main chip drain line and configured to inject a fluid into the main chip drain line to drive the plurality of polysilicon chips through the main chip drain line;
a chip collection tank, wherein the main chip drain line comprises an outlet proximate the chip collection tank, the outlet configured to direct the plurality of polysilicon chips into the chip collection tank; and
a chip routing line extending between an outlet of the chip collection tank and a conveyor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,441

REDUCING CALIBRATION OF COMPONENTS IN AN IMAGING PLATE SCANNER

PALODEX GROUP OY, Tuusul...

1. A photomultiplier tube for use in an imaging plate scanner, the photomultiplier tube comprising:a housing having a window;
a focusing electrode located in the housing;
an electron multiplier dynode located in the housing;
an anode;
a cathode and
a memory storing parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,431,440

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING A SUBSTRATE

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A process chamber, comprising:a chamber body defining an interior volume;
a substrate support to support a substrate within the interior volume;
a plurality of cathodes coupled to the chamber body and having a corresponding plurality of targets to be sputtered onto the substrate;
a shield rotatably coupled to an upper portion of the chamber body and having at least one hole to expose at least one of the plurality of targets to be sputtered and at least one pocket disposed in a backside of the shield to accommodate and cover at least another one of the plurality of targets not to be sputtered,
wherein a sputtering surface of at least one of the plurality of targets extends beyond the lowermost surface of the shield when the shield is in a retracted position,
wherein the shield is configured to rotate about and linearly move along a central axis of the process chamber, and
wherein the at least another one of the plurality of targets extends at least partially into the at least one pocket when the shield is in a retracted position;
a chamber body adapter coupled to an upper portion of the chamber body, wherein the chamber body adapter is grounded; and
a plurality of grounding rings disposed between the shield and the chamber body adapter to directly ground the shield to the chamber body adapter when the shield is in a retracted position.

US Pat. No. 10,431,438

TITANIUM TARGET FOR SPUTTERING AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

1. A high-purity titanium target for sputtering having a purity of 5N5 (99.9995%) or higher, wherein the high-purity titanium target has no macro pattern in which a difference in average crystal grain size is 20% or more and a difference in crystal orientation ratio is 10% or more on the target surface.

US Pat. No. 10,431,437

DETECTING AN ARC OCCURING DURING SUPPLYING POWER TO A PLASMA PROCESS

TRUMPF Huettinger Sp. z o...

1. A method of detecting an arc occurring during supplying power to a plasma process in a plasma chamber, comprising:determining a first signal sequence present between a DC source and an output signal generator, wherein the output signal generator comprises an input connected to the DC source and an output connected to the plasma chamber;
determining a second signal sequence present at the output of the output signal generator;
determining a reference signal sequence based on one of the first and second signal sequences;
comparing the reference signal sequence with the other of the first and second signal sequences; and
detecting an arc by determining if the reference signal sequence and the other of the first and second signal sequences cross.

US Pat. No. 10,431,429

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RADIAL AND AZIMUTHAL CONTROL OF PLASMA UNIFORMITY

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A system that generates a plasma for processing a workpiece, comprising:a process chamber that is operable to be evacuated;
a housing that defines a waveguide cavity;
a first conductive plate disposed within the housing, wherein the first conductive plate faces the process chamber and is disposed on a distal side of the waveguide cavity from the process chamber;
one or more adjustment devices that couple with the first conductive plate and the housing, wherein the one or more adjustment devices are operable to adjust at least a position of the first conductive plate within a range of positions;
a second conductive plate, coupled with the housing and interposed between the waveguide cavity and the process chamber, the second conductive plate forming a plurality of apertures therein for allowing electromagnetic radiation within the waveguide cavity to propagate, through the apertures, into the process chamber;
a dielectric plate that seals off the process chamber from the waveguide cavity such that the waveguide cavity is not evacuated when the process chamber is evacuated; and
one or more electronics sets that transmit the electromagnetic radiation into the waveguide cavity, such that the plasma forms when at least one process gas is within the process chamber, and the electromagnetic radiation propagates into the process chamber from the waveguide cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,431,427

MONOPOLE ANTENNA ARRAY SOURCE WITH PHASE SHIFTED ZONES FOR SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESS EQUIPMENT

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A plasma reactor comprising:a chamber body having an interior space that provides a plasma chamber;
a gas distribution port to deliver a processing gas to the plasma chamber;
a workpiece support to hold a workpiece;
an antenna array comprising a plurality of monopole antennas extending partially into the plasma chamber, wherein the plurality of monopole antennas are divided into a plurality of groups of monopole antennas; and
an AC power source to supply a first AC power to the plurality of monopole antennas, wherein the AC power source is configured to generate AC power on a plurality of power supply lines at a plurality of different phases, and different groups of monopole antennas are coupled to different power supply lines.

US Pat. No. 10,431,415

X-RAY TUBE ION BARRIER

General Electric Company,...

1. An X-ray tube comprising:a cathode configured to emit a beam of electrons;
an anode spaced from the cathode to define an acceleration area to accelerate the beam of electrons through an opening in the anode;
a target spaced from the anode and adapted to emit x-rays when struck by the beam of electrons;
an ion barrier electrode disposed between the cathode and the target and defining an aperture through which the beams of electrons can pass, wherein the ion barrier electrode is connectable to a voltage source so as to apply a voltage bias to the ion barrier electrode and generate a positively charged potential barrier across the ion barrier electrode or about a region including the ion barrier electrode or about a region including the ion barrier electrode and space extending beyond the perimetric boundaries of the ion barrier electrode, to deflect positively charged ions contacting the potential barrier.

US Pat. No. 10,431,413

X-RAY SOURCE AND SYSTEM COMPRISING AN X-RAY SOURCE

LIGHTLAB SWEDEN AB, Upps...

1. An x-ray source configured to provide an omnidirectional transmission of x-ray radiation, the x-ray source comprising:an anode;
a field emission cathode;
an evacuated chamber transparent to x-ray radiation, the anode and the field emission cathode being arranged inside of the evacuated envelope,
wherein the evacuated envelope is an extended tube shaped evacuated chamber having an essentially circular symmetry, the field emission cathode is arranged adjacently to an inside surface of the extended tube shaped evacuated chamber, and the anode is centrally arranged inside of the extended tube shaped evacuated chamber,
the field emission cathode surrounds the anode,
the field emission cathode comprises a plurality of ZnO nanostructures selected to be at least 1 micrometer,
the field emission cathode is substantially transparent to X-ray radiation and formed as a transmission cathode, and
the x-ray source is connected to a controllable high voltage source, electrons during operation of the x-ray source are accelerated from the field emission cathode in a direction towards the anode, and x-ray radiation is omnidirectionally irradiated from the anode towards and through the field emission cathode and out from the x-ray source.

US Pat. No. 10,431,412

COMPACT ION BEAM SOURCES FORMED AS MODULAR IONIZER

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A compact ion beam source comprising:an electron beam unit, comprising:
a modular housing unit that is selectively impermeable to gasses including oxidizing gaseous molecules, the modular housing unit comprising:
a base portion; and
a membrane window made of a single monolayer two-dimensional material and selectively transmissive to electrons;
an electron beam source disposed in the modular housing unit, the electron beam source comprising:
at least one field emitter element disposed over the base portion, comprising:
a first end that is proximate to the base portion; and
a field emitter tip disposed proximate to a second end that is opposite to the first end; and
at least one gate electrode disposed proximate to the second end of the at least one field emitter element, to apply a potential difference proximate to the field emitter tip of the at least one field emitter elements, thereby extracting electrons from the at least one field emitter tip to form an electron beam; and
at least one anode component disposed in the modular housing unit and configured to accelerate the electron beam in a path directed at the membrane window of the modular housing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,431,410

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND HARNESS ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A harness assembly for an electrical switching apparatus, said electrical switching apparatus comprising a frame having a slot, and a printed circuit board coupled to said frame, said harness assembly comprising:a plurality of individual wires each structured to extend through the slot and be electrically connected to said printed circuit board; and
a restriction mechanism comprising a sleeve member surrounding each of said plurality of individual wires in order to prevent longitudinal movement of each of said plurality of individual wires with respect to each other, said sleeve member being structured to be disposed within the slot,
wherein each of said plurality of individual wires has a helical-shaped portion disposed internal with respect to said sleeve member, thereby allowing each of said plurality of individual wires to engage said sleeve member.

US Pat. No. 10,431,402

BUTTON SWITCH WITH ADJUSTABLE TACTILE FEEDBACK

DARFON ELECTRONICS CORP.,...

1. A button switch connected to a cap, the button switch comprising:a base having a pillar extending along a Z-axis, the Z-axis, an X-axis and a Y-axis being perpendicular to each other;
a cover disposed on the base;
a flexible acoustic member having a fixing rod and a flexible rod, the fixing rod being fixed to the base;
a sleeve rotatably jacketing the pillar to be movable upward and downward between a high position and a low position along the Z-axis, an upper end of the sleeve passing through the cover to be connected to the cap, the sleeve having an outer annular surface, the outer annular surface having a first convex portion, a first concave portion, a second convex portion, a second concave portion, and a protruding edge located between the second convex portion and the second concave portion;
an upward-force-applying member abutting against the sleeve and the base respectively for driving the sleeve to move away from the base; and
a resilient arm adjacent to the pillar, the resilient arm selectively abutting against the first convex portion at a first position or a second position with rotation of the sleeve on the pillar around the Z-axis when the sleeve is located at the high position, the resilient arm moving to a position corresponding to the first concave portion when the sleeve is located at the low position;
wherein when the sleeve rotates to make the resilient arm abut against the first convex portion at the first position, the protruding edge is misaligned with the flexible rod, and the sleeve receives an external force to move downward along the Z-axis, the flexible rod does not need to cross the protruding edge and the resilient arm moves from the first position to the position corresponding to the first concave portion with downward movement of the sleeve;
when the sleeve rotates to make the resilient arm abut against the first convex portion at the second position, the protruding edge is located above the flexible rod, and the sleeve receives the external force to move downward along the Z-axis, the flexible rod needs to cross the protruding edge and the resilient arm moves from the second position to a position corresponding to the second concave portion with downward movement of the sleeve;
when the sleeve moves downward along the Z-axis and deformation of the flexible rod caused by pressing of the protruding edge is not enough to make the flexible rod cross the protruding edge, the flexible rod deforms downward with the protruding edge;
when deformation of the flexible rod is enough to make the flexible rod cross the protruding edge, the flexible rod is released and then moves upward to collide with the cover for making a sound;
when the external force is released, the upward-force-applying member drives the sleeve to move upward relative to the pillar along the Z-axis for making the resilient arm abut against the first convex portion at the first position or the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,431,401

LOCK OUT/TAG OUT DEVICE HAVING A TIE-RECEIVING PASSAGEWAY

Brady Worldwide, Inc., M...

1. A device for temporarily restricting use of a control via at least one of lock out and tag out, the device comprising:a first portion having a passageway extending therethrough along a distance of passageway extension, the passageway being adapted for reception of a tie;
a second portion having a tang comprising an arm extending to a distal end having a projection, the arm being elastically flexible relative to a remainder of the second portion to accommodate a temporary deflection of the projection of the tang, the second portion being movable relative to the first portion to move the tang transversely across the passageway relative to the direction of passageway extension thereby toggling the device between an opened position in which the projection of the tang is on one side of the passageway and a closed position in which the projection of the tang is on the other side of the passageway; and
wherein a tie is receivable in the passageway and a reception of the tie in the passageway prevents the device from being moved from the closed position back into the opened position due to inability of the tang of the second portion to be moved past the tie in the passageway of the first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,431,399

CRADLE ASSIST DEVICES AND RELATED KITS AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A retrofit kit for a breaker cradle having a base with right and left handles that communicate with lock members, wherein the lock members are retractable and extendable relative to sidewalls of the base, comprising:a cradle assist assembly that releasably engages or attaches to the breaker cradle, wherein the cradle assist assembly has at least one actuator attached to right and left transverse members, wherein the right and left transverse members are above and external to a front of the base and are configured to engage respective right and left handles of the breaker cradle to thereby allow retraction of the right and left handles and the lock members using a single operator,
wherein, when engaged or attached to the breaker cradle, the at least one actuator is entirely external to the front of the base and the breaker cradle.

US Pat. No. 10,431,398

SWIVEL CATCH APPARATUS, ENCLOSED SWITCH ASSEMBLIES, AND OPERATIONAL METHODS THEREOF

SIEMENS INDUSTRY, INC., ...

1. A switch box mechanism, comprising:a swivel catch having an elongated body, a pivot configured to allow the swivel catch to rotate, and a catch end, the catch end including a catch configured to engage with a lid, and a slide feature formed in the elongated body;
a rod including a first end configured to couple to a switch engagement member that is configured to engage with a rotor of a line base assembly, and a slide portion of the rod slidably engaged with the slide feature; and
a spring configured to bias the swivel catch,
wherein the catch end of the elongated body of the swivel catch including a lock-out hole therethrough and a second lock-out hole formed through an operating handle such that the swivel catch is mounted in such a way that the lock-out hole aligns with the second lock-out hole in an off position which allows a lock to be placed through the swivel catch and the operating handle while a gap between the swivel catch and the operating handle allows the lock to pass only through the swivel catch and not the operating handle thus providing a cover lock-out function in that an enclosure is locked with the lock without locking the operating handle.

US Pat. No. 10,431,387

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. An electronic component, comprising:an insulator made of a material containing resin, the insulator including a first insulating layer that has a first bonding surface perpendicular to one axial direction and a second insulating layer bonded to the first bonding surface;
an internal conductor including a plurality of first via conductive members provided in the first insulating layer and a plurality of second via conductive members provided in the second insulating layer, each of the first via conductive members including a first contact that is situated at a position offset in the one axial direction with respect to the first bonding surface and connected to the corresponding second via conductive member; and
an external electrode provided on the insulator and electrically coupled to the internal conductor,
wherein the first contact intervenes between the first via conductive member and the second via conductive member; and
wherein each of the first via conductive members is in direct contact with the first insulating layer, and each of the second conductive members is in direct contact with the second insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,386

MULTILAYER ELECTRONIC COMPONENT INCLUDING A COMPOSITE BODY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A multilayer electronic component comprising:a main body including an active region in which a plurality of internal electrodes are stacked with respective dielectric layers interposed therebetween, and upper and lower cover regions disposed above and below the active region, respectively;
external electrodes disposed on external surfaces of the main body and electrically connected to the plurality of internal electrodes; and
a composite body disposed below the lower cover region of the main body and lower portions of the external electrodes,
wherein the composite body comprises a dielectric material having a same composition as that of a dielectric material contained in the lower cover region of the main body,
wherein the composite body further comprises a resin, and
wherein a content of the resin is at least 6 wt % based on 100 wt % of the dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,384

MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. A multilayer ceramic capacitor comprising:a pair of external electrodes;
a first internal electrode that contains a base metal and is coupled to one of the pair of external electrodes;
a dielectric layer that is stacked on the first internal electrode and contains the base metal and a ceramic material mainly composed of barium titanate, wherein a main component of the dielectric layer is the ceramic material; and
a second internal electrode that is stacked on the dielectric layer, contains the base metal, and is coupled to another one of the pair of external electrodes, wherein a concentration of the base metal in each of five regions is within ±20% of an average of the concentrations of the base metal in the five regions, each of the five regions including the base metal, the five regions being obtained by dividing a region from a location 50 nm away from the first internal electrode of the dielectric layer to a location 50 nm away from the second internal electrode of the dielectric layer in a stacking direction between the first internal electrode and the second internal electrode equally into five, wherein abundance of Ba and Ti in each of the five regions is more than 90% as measured by measuring abundance of Ba atoms and Ti atoms by a transmission electron microscope,
an atomic concentration ratio of Mg to Ti is equal to or greater than 0 and less than 0.002 in the dielectric layer, and
the region located from the location 50 nm away from the first internal electrode to the location 50 nm away from the second internal electrode includes both a crystal grain of the ceramic material and a crystal grain boundary of the crystal grain.

US Pat. No. 10,431,376

IGNITION COIL FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An ignition coil for an internal combustion engine comprising:a primary coil wound around a primary spool;
a secondary coil wound around a secondary spool provided on an outer circumference side of the primary coil;
a center core disposed on an inner circumference side of the primary coil and the secondary coil;
an outer circumferential core disposed on the outer circumference side of the primary coil and the secondary coil;
an igniter provided on a front side of the center core in a coil axis direction which is a direction of an axis about which the primary coil and the secondary coil are wound;
a case which houses the primary coil, the secondary coil, the center core, the outer circumferential core, and the igniter;
a connector unit mounted on a front end of the case and including at least a signal terminal member for transmitting a switching signal to the igniter and a grounding terminal member for grounding the igniter; and
a relay member that electrically connects the outer circumferential core and the grounding terminal member, wherein
the connector unit includes an engagement wall that is engaged with the case and faces the igniter from front of the igniter in the coil axis direction,
the signal terminal member penetrates the engagement wall and includes an inner signal terminal projecting into the case,
the grounding terminal member penetrates the engagement wall and includes an inner grounding terminal projecting into the case,
the relay member includes a base portion provided along a rear surface of the engagement wall, a standing portion standing rearward of the base portion, and a curved portion that extends from a rear end of the standing portion in a vertical direction orthogonal to the coil axis direction and is curved to protrude rearward,
the base portion is in contact with the inner grounding terminal at one end in the vertical direction,
the standing portion is provided further outward than the igniter in a horizontal direction orthogonal to both the coil axis direction and the vertical direction, and
the curved portion is elastically deformed and is in pressure-contact with a front surface of the outer circumferential core.

US Pat. No. 10,431,373

COUPLED INDUCTOR

1. Coupled inductor havinga core and two windings,
wherein a first winding has a first and second terminal end and wherein a second winding had a third and fourth terminal end,
wherein the first to fourth terminal ends are arranged on a lower side of the core,
wherein each winding has an intermediate section extending through a through hole in the core,
wherein the two windings are designed at least in the intermediate section as flat stripes each having first and second side faces with a large width and third and fourth side faces having a small width compared to the width of the first and second side faces,
wherein the first side laces of both windings are arranged in the intermediate section perpendicular to the lower side of the core and wherein the two first side faces of the windings in the intermediate section face each other and/or abut each other in the intermediate section,
wherein the core has a front side surface and a backside surface, wherein the intermediate sections of the windings continuously extends from the front side surface to the back side surface of the core, and wherein the windings have sections arranged parallel to the front side surface and the back side surface of the core,
wherein the terminal ends are connected to the sections of the windings.

US Pat. No. 10,431,370

ELECTRONICS SYSTEM AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC SOLAR ...

1. A heat-generating electrical component and base assembly configured to be secured to a component wall, the assembly comprising:a base including an upper portion having a recess and a lower portion having a floating electrical connector including a threaded element disposed within a retaining body including one or more flattened inner walls which prevent rotation of the threaded element within the retaining body and a ring lug that retains the threaded element within an internal volume of the retaining body;
a heat-generating electrical component secured in the recess of the base and including an electrical lead in electrical communication with the floating electrical connector; and
a gasket circumscribing a perimeter of the lower portion.

US Pat. No. 10,431,368

COIL ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A coil electronic component comprising:a magnetic body,
wherein the magnetic body includes a substrate, and a coil part including patterned insulating films disposed on a surface of the substrate, a first coil shaped plating layer disposed between the patterned insulating films, and a second coil shaped plating layer disposed directly on the first plating layer, and
wherein a total thickness of the first and second coil shaped plating layers on the surface of the substrate exceeds a height of the patterned insulating films on the surface of the substrate,
wherein a width of a portion of the second coil shaped plating layer arranged outside an area between the patterned insulating films is less than or equal to a width of the area between the patterned insulating films.

US Pat. No. 10,431,366

NOISE FILTER

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A noise filter used for a plurality of conducting members, the noise filter comprising,a ring-shaped core made from a magnetic material, the ring-shaped core being attached to the plurality of conducting members to reduce noise of currents flowing through each of the plurality of the conducting members,
the ring-shaped core including:
a base core having a plurality of support pillar portions extending outward in radial directions; and
a plurality of divisional cores each being placed between two of the plurality of the support pillar portions adjacent to each other in the circumferential direction, and each having two end surfaces connected to end portions of the two of the plurality of the support pillar portions,
the plurality of the divisional cores being configured to allow the plurality of the conducting members to be wound on the plurality of the divisional cores,
a magnetic path being formed between the end surface of each of the plurality of the divisional cores and the end portion of each of the plurality of the support pillar portions contacting the end surface,
the ring-shaped core being configured to form a common-mode magnetic path passing through all of the plurality of the divisional cores and all of the end portions of the plurality of the support pillar portions and normal-mode magnetic paths each passing through one of the plurality of the divisional cores and the two of the plurality of the support pillar portions connected to the one of the plurality of the divisional cores, the normal-mode magnetic paths being the same in number as the conducting members.

US Pat. No. 10,431,365

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. An electronic component comprising:a main body made from a metal magnetic powder and an insulating resin;
a coating film covering the surface of the main body;
a conductor disposed inside the main body;
inorganic particles adhering to the surface of the coating film, the inorganic particles having an average particle diameter of 1 nm or more and 200 nm or less; and
outer electrodes which are electrically connected to the conductor and which cover portions of the surface of the coating film while inorganic particles adhere to the portions,
wherein the coating film contains a resin and metal cations.

US Pat. No. 10,431,362

VALVE ACTUATOR WITH ANTI-CORROSION COATING

Ademco Inc., Golden Vall...

1. A method for making a valve actuator for use in actuating a gas valve, the method comprising:winding an insulated copper wire around an interconnecting segment of a non-conductive support bobbin, with a ground terminal and an interconnect terminal being secured to the non-conductive support bobbin so as not to interfere with the winding of the insulated copper wire around the non-conductive support bobbin, wherein the non-conductive support bobbin includes a first flange, a second flange, and the interconnecting segment extending between and generally orthogonal to the first flange and the second flange, and wherein an arm of a magnetic flux concentration member extends through the interconnecting segment;
electrically connecting a first end portion of the insulated copper wire to the ground terminal;
electrically connecting a second end portion of the insulated copper wire to the interconnect terminal;
bending each of the ground terminal and the interconnect terminal inward over the wound insulated copper wire; and
applying an anti-corrosion coating to at least the wound insulated copper wire, wherein the valve actuator comprises an armature that has a valve seal that is configured to align with a valve seat of the gas valve, the armature is configured to be actuated by magnetic attraction to the magnetic flux concentration member when a current is applied through the wound insulated copper wire via the interconnect terminal and the ground terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,359

METHOD FOR PRODUCING GRAIN-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET

JFE Steel Corporation, T...

1. A method for producing a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet comprising a series of steps of:heating a steel slab having a chemical composition comprising C: 0.04-0.12 mass %, Si: 1.5-5.0 mass %, Mn: 0.01-1.0 mass %, sol. Al: 0.010-0.040 mass %, N: 0.004-0.02 mass %, one or two of S and Se: 0.005-0.05 mass % in total and the remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities to not lower than 1250° C.,
hot rolling to obtain a hot rolled sheet having a thickness of not less than 1.8 mm,
subjecting the hot rolled sheet to a single cold rolling or two or more cold rollings including an intermediate annealing therebetween to obtain a cold rolled sheet having a final thickness of 0.15-0.20 mm, and
subjecting the cold rolled sheet to primary recrystallization annealing and further to final annealing,
wherein a content ratio of sol. Al to N in the steel slab (sol. Al/N) and a final thickness d (mm) satisfy the following formulas (1) and (2):
4d+1.52?sol. Al/N?4d+2.32  (1)
sol. Al/N?2.84  (2)
and the steel sheet in the heating process of the final annealing is held at a temperature of 775-875° C. for 40-200 hours and then heated in a temperature region of 875-1050° C. at a heating rate of 20-60° C./hr, and
wherein a region of 200-700° C. in the heating process of the primary recrystallization annealing is heated at a heating rate of not less than 50° C./s, while any temperature between 250-600° C. is held for 1-5 seconds.

US Pat. No. 10,431,358

RESISTOR PRODUCTION METHOD, RESISTOR, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A method of manufacturing a resistor including (i) a substrate, and (ii) a resistive film provided on the substrate, wherein one portion or a whole of the resistive film is configured of a layer of sintered conductive nanosized particles with a particle diameter of less than 1 ?m, the method comprising:a first step of applying a solution wherein at least the conductive nanosized particles with a particle diameter of less than 1 ?m and an insulating material are dispersed, or a solution wherein at least the conductive nanosized particles covered with an insulating material layer are dispersed, in a desired form on a surface of the substrate, thereby forming a film;
a second step of irradiating one portion of the film with light in a predetermined pattern, and sintering the conductive nanosized particles with the light, thereby forming the resistive film, which is a conductive particle layer of the predetermined pattern;
a third step of measuring a resistance value of the resistive film; and
a fourth step of sintering the conductive nanosized particles by irradiating the film with light, thereby forming an additional resistive film, when the measured resistance value is greater than a range of a desired resistance value, and irradiating the resistive film with light, thereby trimming the resistive film, when the measured resistance value is smaller than the range of the desired resistance value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,356

MOLDED PART-EQUIPPED ELECTRICAL CABLE AND MOLDED PART-EQUIPPED ELECTRICAL CABLE MANUFACTURING METHOD

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A molded part-equipped electrical cable, comprising:a terminal-equipped electrical cable including an insulated electrical cable having a core and an insulation coating covering the periphery of the core and a terminal connected to an end part of the insulated electrical cable;
an adhesive provided on a surface of the insulation coating of the terminal-equipped electrical cable; and
a molded member covering from a part provided with the adhesive on the insulation coating of the terminal-equipped electrical cable to a connected part of the insulated electrical cable and the terminal,
wherein:
the molded member includes a first molded part and a second molded part separately molded;
the first molded part includes a part entirely covering the adhesive while being in contact with the adhesive;
the second molded part is present on the terminal side of the first molded part covering the adhesive in a longitudinal direction of the terminal-equipped electrical cable; and
the first molded part includes no part covering the terminal and the second molded part includes no part covering the insulation coating.

US Pat. No. 10,431,352

CABLE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A CABLE

1. A cable comprising: at least one litz wire having twisted litz wire strands for conducting electrical current and an insulation sheath surrounding the at least one litz wire for electrical insulation of the at least one litz wire, where the cable has an interruption segment without insulation sheath disposed between two cable segments with insulation sheath, characterized in that the at least one litz wire is birdcaged in the interruption segment in order to interrupt the transport of moisture through the cable, in particular through the at least one litz wire due to capillary pressure and/or temperature-related pressure differences along the cable, and the interruption segment is not sealed so that a pressure equalization to the external environment takes place.

US Pat. No. 10,431,351

FLAT CABLE AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A flat cable, comprising:a plurality of conductors respectively extending in an axial direction; and
an insulating sheath configured to, in a state where the conductors are lined up in a width direction orthogonal to the axial direction of the conductors, restrict the conductors from outside and collectively cover the conductors,
wherein the insulating sheath has an expander enabling bending in the width direction by permitting relative displacement between the conductors, and the expander, by expanding so as to partially separate from the conductors in at least a thickness direction orthogonal to both the width direction and the axial direction, forms an internal space permitting relative displacement such that adjacent conductors overlap in the thickness direction.

US Pat. No. 10,431,346

RADIATION SHIELDING LIQUID FILTER, AND X-RAY IMAGING DEVICE PROVIDED WITH SAME

1. An X-ray imaging device with a radiation shielding liquid filter, the radiation shielding liquid filter having a function of shielding radiation emitted from an X-ray imaging device toward an operator to protect the operator from exposure to the radiation, the liquid filter comprising:a casing filled with a liquid material, the liquid material having a composition of: 10 to 30 parts by weight of silver (Ag) in powder form; 25 to 40 parts by weight of a polymeric dispersant; 45 to 50 parts by weight of water; and 1 to 5 parts by weight of at least one element selected from copper (Cu), aluminum (Al), and mercury (Hg),
the X-ray imaging device comprising: a radiation shielding unit, the radiation shielding unit including:
an attachment member having a hole formed through a central portion of the attachment member in a vertical direction, and a step formed along a circumference of the hole, the attachment member being provided on a distal end of a tube that is an X-ray generation part of the X-ray imaging device; and
a filter holding member having a hole formed through a central portion of the filter holding member in the vertical direction, and screw-coupled to the attachment member, the filter holding member holding the liquid filter seated in the attachment member, wherein
the liquid filter is seated on the step of the attachment member.

US Pat. No. 10,431,345

SMALL FORM FACTOR BETAVOLTAIC BATTERY FOR USE IN APPLICATIONS REQUIRING A VOLUMETRICALLY-SMALL POWER SOURCE

CITY LABS, INC., Homeste...

1. A betavoltaic power source comprising:a source of beta particles;
a plurality of regions each for collecting the beta particles and for generating electron hole pairs responsive thereto, a first set of the plurality of regions disposed proximate a first surface of the source and a second set of the plurality of regions disposed proximate a second surface, the first and second surface in opposing relation; and
a secondary power source charged by a current developed by the electron hole pairs.

US Pat. No. 10,431,338

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WEIGHTING MANAGEABLE PATIENT ATTRIBUTES DURING CRITERIA EVALUATIONS FOR TREATMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for evaluating attribute values to determine eligibility for a first treatment, the computer-implemented method comprising:responsive to receiving input regarding a first patient, determining a topic based on parsing the received input using natural language processing, the topic comprising a request to identify treatment protocols for which the first patient can be eligible, wherein the topic is determined by a question classifier component of an application and stored in a feature store;
determining, based on a corpus and by a pipeline execution component of the application, a set of required attributes associated with a treatment protocol associated with the first treatment, wherein the pipeline execution component reduces processing of sources in the corpus that do not pertain to the stored topic;
responsive to receiving a case, wherein the case includes a patient history containing patient attribute values for the first patient, identifying, by an attribute verification component of the application, a first patient attribute value that does not satisfy a first attribute specified by the treatment protocol as a required attribute;
determining that the first patient is not currently eligible to receive the first treatment, based on determining that the first patient attribute value does not satisfy the first attribute specified by the treatment protocol;
upon determining that the first patient is not currently eligible to receive the first treatment, determining, by operation of one or more computer processors and based on evaluating the patient history using one or more machine learning models, a likelihood that the patient will meet the first attribute in the future due to a change in the first patient attribute value, thereby determining potential eligibility of the first patient for the treatment protocol with a greater measure of accuracy than absent determining the likelihood, wherein the likelihood is determined based on an upward or downward trend of the first patient attribute value and based further on an extent by which the first patient attribute value differs from the required attribute; and
causing approval, based on the determined likelihood, of the first patient for receiving the treatment protocol, whereafter the treatment protocol is applied to the first patient, wherein absent determining the likelihood, the first patient would have been denied from receiving the treatment protocol.

US Pat. No. 10,431,337

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WEIGHTING MANAGEABLE PATIENT ATTRIBUTES DURING CRITERIA EVALUATIONS FOR TREATMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A system for evaluating attribute values to determine eligibility for a first treatment, the system comprising:one or more computer processors; and
a memory containing a program which, when executed by the one or more computer processors performs an operation comprising:
responsive to receiving input regarding a first patient, determining a topic based on parsing the received input using natural language processing, the topic comprising a request to identify treatment protocols for which the first patient can be eligible, wherein the topic is determined by a question classifier component of an application and stored in a feature store;
determining, based on a corpus and by a pipeline execution component of the application, a set of required attributes associated with a treatment protocol associated with the first treatment, wherein the pipeline execution component reduces processing of sources in the corpus that do not pertain to the stored topic;
responsive to receiving a case, wherein the case includes a patient history containing patient attribute values for the first patient, identifying, by an attribute verification component of the application, a first patient attribute value that does not satisfy a first attribute specified by the treatment protocol as a required attribute;
determining that the first patient is not currently eligible to receive the first treatment, based on determining that the first patient attribute value does not satisfy the first attribute specified by the treatment protocol;
upon determining that the first patient is not currently eligible to receive the first treatment, determining, based on evaluating the patient history using one or more machine learning models, a likelihood that the patient will meet the first attribute in the future due to a change in the first patient attribute value, thereby determining potential eligibility of the first patient for the treatment protocol with a greater measure of accuracy than absent determining the likelihood, wherein the likelihood is determined based on an upward or downward trend of the first patient attribute value and based further on an extent by which the first patient attribute value differs from the required attribute; and
causing approval, based on the determined likelihood, of the first patient for receiving the treatment protocol, whereafter the treatment protocol is applied to the first patient, wherein absent determining the likelihood, the first patient would have been denied from receiving the treatment protocol.

US Pat. No. 10,431,336

COMPUTERIZED SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FACILITATING CLINICAL DECISION MAKING

CERNER INNOVATION, INC., ...

1. A computerized method for determining treatment for a patient having congestive heart failure and at least one other medical condition, the method comprising:receiving, by one or more computer processing components, patient-results information for a patient from a patient information database, wherein the patient information database is remote from at least one of the one or more computer processing components;
extract, by the one or more computer processing components, discrete patient data from the patients-results information;
receiving, by the one or more computer processing components, one or more rules from a parameters database, wherein the parameters database is remote from the one or more computer processing components, and wherein the one or more rules comprise a rule relevant to the discrete patient data;
based on said discrete patient data and the one or more rules, determining, by a first processing component of the one or more computer processing components, whether said patient-results information suggests a trigger event;
upon a determination that said trigger event has occurred, determining by a second processing component of the one or more computer processing components, at least one goal based on said trigger event, wherein the at least one goal is communicated to the one or more computer processing components by the parameters database;
based on said goal, selecting, by the one or more computer processing components, a first plan, from a library of plans, corresponding to said determined goal, wherein the library of plans is communicated to the one or more computer processing components by the parameters database;
in response to selecting the first plan, receiving additional patient-results information specified by said plan, wherein the additional patient-results information is communicated to the one or more computer processing components by the patient information database; and
executing said first plan, wherein said execution comprises:
(1) from among a library of solvers, determining a first solver to determine patient conditions and recommended treatments, said first solver comprising a finite state machine;
(2) receiving first-solver parameters for said first solver, wherein said first solver is running on the one or more computer processing components;
(3) preparing patient-results information for said first solver;
(4) instantiating said first solver based on said prepared patient-results information and said first-solver parameters;
(5) applying said first solver to determine said patient conditions and recommended treatments, each patient condition comprising an evaluated state for the patient condition;
(6) determining that a second solver is needed to assist said first solver to determine patient conditions and recommended treatments, wherein the second solver is running on the one or more computer processing components;
(7) invoking the second solver to assist said first solver to determine patient conditions and recommended treatments, said second solver comprising a mixed-integer linear solver, said second solver being invoked by the first solver;
(8) communicating the evaluated states for the determined said patient conditions from the first solver to the second solver;
(9) preparing patient-results information for said second solver;
(10) instantiating said second solver based on said prepared patient-results information and said evaluated states;
(11) based on said determined patient conditions and recommended treatments, communicating actions and dispositions specific to said patient from the one or more computer processing components to a second computer processing component, wherein the second computer processing component is remote from the one or more computer processing components; and
(12) displaying the communicated actions and dispositions specific to said patient on a user interface of the second computer processing component.

US Pat. No. 10,431,335

MOBILE APPLICATIONS FOR MEDICAL DEVICES

Fenwal, Inc., Lake Zuric...

16. A computer-implemented method for medical device management using a handheld mobile device, said method comprising:providing, via a handheld mobile device graphical user interface, a representation of one or more medical devices, the medical devices comprising at least one of a blood processing device, an infusion pump, and a drug delivery device, with a visual indication of a status for each medical device, the representation visually conveying information regarding each of the one or more medical devices and selectable by a user to provide additional information regarding each of the one or more medical devices;
updating the status for each medical device via wireless communication with the handheld mobile device;
receiving an indication of an alarm code at the handheld mobile device, the alarm code representing an alarm or error condition of one or more of the medical devices;
providing information at the handheld mobile device to assist a user in handling the alarm or error condition of the one or more of medical devices; and
displaying an inventory of available products for the one or more medical devices at a healthcare facility and facilitating inventory control via the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,334

PERFORMING AN APHERESIS PROCEDURE ON A HUMAN SUBJECT WITH IDENTITY CONFIRMATION

Fenwal, Inc., Lake Zuric...

1. A system for performing an apheresis procedure on a human subject, comprising:an apheresis treatment device configured to draw blood from a human subject, separate the blood by blood component, and return at least one of the components to the human subject; and
a remote data storage device located remotely from the apheresis treatment device and configured to communicate with the apheresis treatment device over a network, the remote data storage device programmed with a plurality of subject data entries, each subject data entry associated with a human subject, each subject data entry comprising subject-specific information, the remote data storage device configured to download subject-specific information comprising a name and a birth date from the subject data entry and further configured to program the apheresis treatment device with a plurality of parameters for the apheresis medical procedure;
the apheresis treatment device comprising:
a wireless circuit configured to communicate with the remote data storage device;
a touch screen configured to receive an input; and
a controller configured to confirm an identity of the human subject based on the input and, based at least in part on the result of the confirmation, provide access to an apheresis procedure operated according to the programmed parameters on the apheresis treatment device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,333

SYSTEMS AND METHOD FOR DEVELOPING RADIATION DOSAGE CONTROL PLANS USING A PARETOFRONT (PARETO SURFACE)

Fraunhofer Gesellschaft z...

1. A system for selecting a desired portion of a subject to receive a radiation dose the system comprising: a radiation apparatus, a computer, the computer comprising multiple cores and wherein a Pareto Surface is developed for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or volumetric arc therapy (VMAT) planning and controlling delivery of radiation to the desired portion of the subject by adjusting, based on an IMRT or VMAT treatment plan including the developed Pareto Surface, positions of movable elements of the radiation apparatus;the system further comprising a non-transitory computer readable medium having computer readable program code thereon, the computer readable program code comprising a series of computer readable program steps to develop the Pareto Surface for said intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) or volumetric arc therapy (VMAT);
and comprising
a) Covering the yet un-determined Pareto surface by a set of m-dimensional boxes, the Pareto surface having a plurality of points wherein at least three points from the plurality of points are selected and by solving a Pascoletti-Serafini problem along a diagonal of a corresponding box;
b) Applying a measure to find the largest available box;
c) Comparing the measure to a threshold value and update the set of boxes;
d) Repeating steps b) and c) along a first direction (q1) until the measure of the corresponding box is below the threshold value and using a first core of the computer, comprising said multiple cores for repeating the steps;
e) Selecting the second point on the Pareto surface and repeating steps corresponding to steps b) and c) along a second direction (q2) using the second core of the computer comprising the multiple cores;
f) Selecting the third point on the Pareto surface and repeating steps corresponding to steps b) to d) along a third direction (q3) using the third core of the computer comprising the multiple cores until the measure of the corresponding box is below the threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,331

COMPUTER-EXECUTABLE APPLICATION THAT IS CONFIGURED TO PROCESS CROSS-CLINICAL GENOMICS DATA

ALLSCRIPTS SOFTWARE, LLC,...

1. A computing system comprising:at least one processor; and
memory that has an application loaded therein, wherein the application, when executed by the at least one processor, is configured to perform acts comprising:
responsive to receipt of an identifier of a patient:
retrieving clinical data about the patient based upon the identifier of the patient, the clinical data being accessible by the application and identifies health problem of the patient;
applying a rule for a genetic disorder to the health problem identified in the clinical data;
determining using the rule that the patient is a candidate for genetic testing for the genetic disorder;
causing graphical data to be presented on a display of a computing device, the graphical data indicating to a clinician that the patient is a candidate for genetic testing for the genetic disorder;
based upon determining that the patient is a candidate for genetic testing for the genetic disorder, transmitting an order for a genetic test for the genetic disorder to a genetics lab computing device that is in network communication with the computing system;
receiving results for the genetic test from the genetics lab computing device; and
causing a visualization based upon the results to be presented on the display of the computing device, wherein the visualization is based on a relationship between:
a body system affected by the genetic disorder;
the genetic disorder; and
a genetic mutation associated with the genetic disorder, and further wherein the visualization comprises:
a first group of icons assigned to body systems of the patient, the body system that is affected by the genetic disorder is included in the body systems;
a second group of icons assigned to genetic disorders of the body systems, the genetic disorder is included in the genetic disorders; and
a third group of icons assigned to genetic mutations that cause the genetic disorders, the genetic mutation that is associated with the genetic disorder that is tested for in the genetic test is included in the genetic mutations,wherein the relationship is indicated in the visualization by a visually perceptible connection between a first icon corresponding to the body system from the first group, a second icon corresponding to the genetic disorder from the second group, and a third icon corresponding to the genetic mutation from the third group, the relationship being between the body system, the genetic disorder, and the genetic mutation.

US Pat. No. 10,431,329

REAL-TIME SYMPTOM ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A method of presenting real-time health information, the method comprising steps of:(a) administering by a user interface associated with a mobile device, a virtual questionnaire to obtain information regarding the user's symptoms,
(b) determining the location of the user using a location determination circuit associated with the mobile device;
(c) obtaining environmental data from an internet-accessible database corresponding with the user's local environmental conditions at the time the questionnaire is administered;
(d) automatically by a processor associated with the mobile device determining the health status of the user based on the user's response to the virtual questionnaire;
(e) storing the health status of the user and corresponding environmental data in a data store associated with the mobile device;
(f) developing a data structure from which the health status of the user is correlated with the user's local environmental conditions to identify causes of symptoms for the user;
(g) repeating steps (a) through (e) a plurality of different times, and recorrelating health status with the user's local environmental conditions to refine and enhance the data structure;
(h) determining at predetermined times the location of the user using the location determination circuit of the mobile device;
(i) obtaining current or predicted environmental data from the internet-accessible database at the location determined in step (h) contemporaneously with step (h);
(j) predicting future symptoms based upon the data structure and current or predicted local environmental conditions determined in step (i);
(k) determining whether to deliver a warning of environmental risks that are predicted to induce symptoms in the user; and
(l) presenting by a display associated with the mobile device a visualization indicative of the future symptoms if it is determined that a warning is to be delivered wherein presenting the visualization includes:
generating a map image;
overlaying a plurality of animated particles over the map image; and
displaying the map image and the plurality of animated particles on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,431,318

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first transistor;
a second transistor;
a third transistor;
a fourth transistor;
a fifth transistor;
a sixth transistor;
a seventh transistor;
an eighth transistor; and
a ninth transistor,
wherein:
the first transistor, the second transistor, the third transistor, the fourth transistor, the fifth transistor, the sixth transistor, the seventh transistor, the eighth transistor, and the ninth transistor have a same conductivity type;
one of a source and a drain of the first transistor is electrically connected to a first wiring;
the other of the source and the drain of the first transistor is electrically connected to a second wiring;
one of a source and a drain of the second transistor is electrically connected to the second wiring;
the other of the source and the drain of the second transistor is electrically connected to a third wiring;
one of a source and a drain of the third transistor is electrically connected to a fourth wiring;
the other of the source and the drain of the third transistor is electrically connected to one of a source and a drain of the fourth transistor;
the other of the source and the drain of the fourth transistor is electrically connected to a fifth wiring;
one of a source and a drain of the fifth transistor is electrically connected to the fourth wiring;
the other of the source and the drain of the fifth transistor is electrically connected to a gate of the first transistor;
one of a source and a drain of the sixth transistor is electrically connected to the fourth wiring;
the other of the source and the drain of the sixth transistor is electrically connected to one of a source and a drain of the seventh transistor;
a gate of the sixth transistor is electrically connected to the gate of the first transistor;
a gate of the seventh transistor is electrically connected to the other of the source and the drain of the third transistor;
one of a source and a drain of the eighth transistor is electrically connected to the fourth wiring;
the other of the source and the drain of the eighth transistor is electrically connected to one of a source and a drain of the ninth transistor;
the other of the source and the drain of the ninth transistor is electrically connected to a sixth wiring;
a first conductive layer is electrically connected to a third conductive layer through a second conductive layer;
the first conductive layer is configured to be the gate of the first transistor;
the third conductive layer is configured to be a gate of the third transistor, and
the second wiring is configured to transmit a signal being output from a circuit comprising the first transistor, the second transistor, the third transistor, the fourth transistor, the fifth transistor, the sixth transistor, the seventh transistor, the eighth transistor, and the ninth transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,285

WRITING TO CROSS-POINT NON-VOLATILE MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:applying a first voltage across a memory cell during an access operation; and
applying, based at least in part on applying the first voltage, a second voltage across the memory cell during a discharge operation.

US Pat. No. 10,431,279

MAGNETORESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A magnetoresistive memory device, comprising:a plurality of memory cells, each memory cell including a magnetic tunnel junction element;
a detector to detect a maximum value and a minimum value among a plurality of writing current values of the plurality of memory cells, each writing current value of each memory cell for successfully writing the magnetic tunnel junction element of each memory cell;
a current value storage area to store the maximum value and the minimum value detected by the detector; and
a current controller to perform writing operations on the plurality of memory cells based on the maximum value and reading operations on the plurality of memory cells based on the minimum value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,278

DYNAMICALLY CONTROLLING VOLTAGE FOR ACCESS OPERATIONS TO MAGNETO-RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (MRAM) BIT CELLS TO ACCOUNT FOR AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A magneto-resistive random access memory (MRAM) bit cell process variation measurement circuit (PVMC) for determining process variation and ambient temperature in MRAM bit cells in an MRAM array, the MRAM bit cell PVMC comprising:a supply voltage input configured to receive a supply voltage coupled to the MRAM array;
an MRAM bit cell PVMC output;
a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) PVMC coupled to the supply voltage input, the MTJ PVMC comprising:
one or more MTJ circuits, each comprising:
a measurement transistor of a metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) type of an access transistor in at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array; and
a measurement MTJ device of a type of an MTJ device in the at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array, the measurement MTJ device coupled to the measurement transistor; and
an MTJ PVMC output coupled to the MRAM bit cell PVMC output; and
an ambient temperature input coupled to the MRAM bit cell PVMC output, the ambient temperature input configured to receive an ambient temperature measurement voltage signal representing an ambient temperature at the at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array;
the MRAM bit cell PVMC configured to provide, on the MRAM bit cell PVMC output, at least one MRAM bit cell PVMC output voltage signal representing:
the process variation of at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array as a function of the supply voltage coupled to the MRAM bit cell PVMC; and
the ambient temperature at the at least one MRAM bit cell in the MRAM array.

US Pat. No. 10,431,277

MEMORY DEVICE

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A memory device comprising:a memory cell; and
a first circuit configured to:
perform a first read for the memory cell and generate a first voltage,
write first data to the memory cell that has undergone the first read,
perform a second read for the memory cell to which the first data is written and generate a second voltage, and
determine data stored in the memory cell at the time of the first read based on the first voltage and the second voltage,
wherein when writing the first data, the first circuit electrically sets a generation unit configured to generate the second voltage to a floating state,
wherein the generation unit is sandwiched by two transistors, and the second voltage varies as a result of the second read and control signals provided to the two transistors.

US Pat. No. 10,431,267

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DRIVING THE SAME

SK HYNIX INC., Icheon (K...

1. An electronic device comprising a semiconductor memory,wherein the semiconductor memory includes:
a memory circuit comprising a plurality of memory cells;
a read circuit configured to generate a first read data signal by reading data from a read target memory cell according to a first read control signal, the read target memory cell being among the plurality of memory cells; and
a control circuit configured to control the read circuit to reread the data from the read target memory cell by generating a second read control signal, the second read control signal being based on a data value of the first read data signal, and
wherein the control circuit controls the read circuit to reread the data from the read target memory cell only when a value of the first read data signal corresponds to a high resistance state of the read target memory cell.

US Pat. No. 10,431,263

SIMULATING ACCESS LINES

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving a first bit-vector and a second bit-vector in a format associated with storing the first bit-vector in memory cells coupled to a first access line and a first number of sense lines and storing the second bit-vector in memory cells coupled to the first access line and a second number of sense lines, wherein each of the memory cells of the first number of sense lines are separated from another memory cell of the first number of sense lines by at least one memory cell of the second number of sense lines;
merging the first bit-vector and the second bit vector into a format associated with storing the first bit-vector in a number of memory cells coupled to the first access line and a third number of sense lines and storing the second bit-vector in a number of memory cells coupled to a second access line and the third number of sense lines; and
performing an operation on the first bit-vector and the second bit-vector.

US Pat. No. 10,431,227

MULTI-CHANNEL AUDIO DECODER, MULTI-CHANNEL AUDIO ENCODER, METHODS, COMPUTER PROGRAM AND ENCODED AUDIO REPRESENTATION USING A DECORRELATION OF RENDERED AUDIO SIGNALS

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A multi-channel audio encoder for providing an encoded representation on the basis of at least two input audio signals,wherein the multi-channel audio encoder comprises a downmix signal provider configured to provide an encoded representation of one or more downmix signals on the basis of the at least two input audio signals, and
wherein the multi-channel audio encoder comprises a parameter provider configured to provide one or more parameters describing a relationship between the at least two input audio signals, and
wherein the multi-channel audio encoder comprises a decorrelation method parameter provider configured to provide a decorrelation method parameter describing which decorrelation mode out of a plurality of decorrelation modes should be used at the side of an audio decoder;
wherein the decorrelation method parameter provider is configured to selectively provide the decorrelation method parameter, to signal one out of the following modes for the operation of an audio decoder:
a first mode in which no mixing between different rendered audio signals is allowed when combining the rendered audio signals, or a scaled version thereof, with the one or more decorrelated audio signals, and in which it is allowed that a given decorrelated signal of the one or more decorrelated audio signals is combined, with same or different scaling, with a plurality of the rendered audio signals, or a scaled version thereof, in order to adjust cross-correlation characteristics or cross-covariance characteristics of the output audio signals, and
a second mode in which no mixing between the different rendered audio signals is allowed when combining the rendered audio signals, or a scaled version thereof, with the one or more decorrelated audio signals, and in which it is not allowed that the given decorrelated signal is combined with rendered audio signals other than a rendered audio signal from which the given decorrelated signal is derived.

US Pat. No. 10,431,218

INTEGRATION AND PROBABILISTIC CONTROL OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES

EVA Automation, Inc., Me...

1. A computer system, comprising:an interface circuit;
a processor electrically coupled to the interface circuit;
memory, coupled to the processor, which stores a program module, wherein, when executed by the processor, the program module causes the computer system to perform one or more operations comprising:
receiving, via the interface circuit, information, associated with an acoustic transducer in an environment and a portable electronic device, specifying the one or more desired operations that are to be performed, wherein the information includes natural language describing the one or more desired operations;
transforming the natural language into the one or more desired operations, wherein the transforming involves performing semantic analysis on the information to determine an intent of an individual;
identifying a subset of electronic devices based on the one or more desired operations and a predetermined supervised learning model that relates desired operations and electronic devices, wherein the subset of the electronic devices is identified based on one of: at least a probability, calculated using the predetermined supervised learning model, which is associated with the subset of the electronic devices; and a proximity of the subset of the electronic devices to the acoustic transducer;
determining a set of commands based on the one or more desired operations and the subset of the electronic devices, wherein the set of commands comprise multiple commands;
determining an order of the set of commands based on the subset of the electronic devices, information that specifies a predefined hierarchical arrangement of the subset of the electronic devices and a dependence of the set of commands in the hierarchy, wherein the predefined hierarchical arrangement corresponds to interconnections and functional interrelationships of the subset of the electronic devices; and
providing, via the interface circuit, the set of commands for the identified subset of the electronic devices, wherein the set of commands instruct the subset of the electronic devices to perform the one or more desired operations.

US Pat. No. 10,431,215

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONVERSATIONAL ADJUSTMENT BASED ON USER'S COGNITIVE STATE AND/OR SITUATIONAL STATE

Voicebox Technologies Cor...

1. A computer implemented method of adjusting natural language conversations between a user and a computer based on the user's cognitive state while operating a vehicle, the method being implemented in the computer having one or more physical processors programmed with computer program instructions that, when executed by the one or more physical processors, cause the computer to perform the method, the method comprising:identifying, by the computer, a user of the vehicle;
receiving, by the computer, a first utterance from the user during a conversation with the user;
obtaining, by the computer, sensor information relating to at least a first physiological characteristic of the user;
determining, by the computer, a current cognitive state of the user based on the sensor information;
obtaining, by the computer, a baseline cognitive state of the user relating to the first physiological characteristic of the user, the baseline cognitive state of the user being representative of an average cognitive state of the user based on previously obtained, over the course of a plurality of different driving trips, sensor information corresponding to the first physiological characteristic;
comparing, by the computer, the current cognitive state of the user with the baseline cognitive state of the user;
determining, by the computer, that the current cognitive state of the user deviates from the baseline cognitive state of the user beyond a predetermined threshold based on the comparison;
delaying, by the computer, a response to the first utterance based on the determination that the current cognitive state of the user deviates from the baseline cognitive state of the user beyond the predetermined threshold;
placing, by the computer, said first utterance on a conversation stack;
receiving, by the computer, a second utterance from the user while the computer is delaying the response;
adding, by the computer, the second utterance to the conversation stack so that the conversation stack includes the first utterance and the second utterance, thus also delaying a response to the second utterance, and avoiding distracting the user; and
processing, by the computer, the second utterance to determine its intent in relation to the first utterance.

US Pat. No. 10,431,204

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISCOVERING TRENDING TERMS IN SPEECH REQUESTS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method for discovering trending terms in automatic speech recognition, the method comprising:at an electronic device having a processor and memory:
identifying a candidate term based on a frequency of occurrence of the term in one or more electronic data sources;
in response to identifying the candidate term, searching for the candidate term in an archive of speech traffic of an automatic speech recognizer using phonetic matching; and
in response to finding the candidate term in the archive, updating a vocabulary of the automatic speech recognizer with the candidate term.

US Pat. No. 10,431,202

SIMULTANEOUS DIALOGUE STATE MANAGEMENT USING FRAME TRACKING

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system comprising:at least one processor; and
a memory storing instructions that when executed by the at least one processor perform a set of operations comprising:
receiving an input utterance of a current frame of a conversation;
generating, using natural language understanding, a predicted value and a predicted act for the input utterance;
determining, using a first model trained to predict slot types, whether the predicted value is a new value for a slot having a pre-existing value in the current frame;
when it is determined that the predicted value is a new value having a pre-existing value in the current frame, creating a new frame of the conversation;
determining, using a second model trained to predict dialogue acts, whether the predicted act relates to a previous frame of the conversation;
when it is determined that the predicted act relates to a previous frame, generating an association between the current frame and the previous frame of the conversation;
determining whether the predicted act switches to the previous frame of the conversation; and
when it is determined that the predicted act switches to the previous frame of the conversation, switching to the previous frame of the conversation;
wherein at least two frames, selected from the group consisting of the new frame, the current frame, and the previous frame, are retained in memory, thereby tracking multiple states of the conversation simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,431,196

SOUNDPROOF STRUCTURE AND ADJUSTMENT METHOD OF SOUNDPROOF STRUCTURE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A soundproof structure, comprising:a laminated film in which two or more films each comprising one or more holes drilled therein are laminated; and
two rigid frames that fix the laminated film so as to be interposed from both sides of the laminated film,
wherein at least parts of the one or more holes in the respective films of the laminated film overlap each other, and
wherein each rigid frame includes an opening portion which passes through each rigid frame.

US Pat. No. 10,431,195

METHOD OF FABRICATING STRUCTURES, AND STRUCTURES, WITH INTEGRATED PROPERTY ENHANCING FILL MATERIAL

Barefoot Sound, LLC, Por...

1. A method of fabricating a structure comprising integrally formed property enhancing fill material comprising the steps of:fabricating said structure by selective laser sintering of a first material, said first material comprising said property enhancing fill material, said structure comprising first and second external apertures connected by a first internal passage and a first internal cavity, said first internal cavity comprising a first internal aperture connecting said first internal cavity to said first internal passage, said first internal cavity comprising a first amount of unsintered said first material after said fabrication;
applying a compressed gas to said first external aperture such that a portion of said compressed gas flows from said first external aperture through said first internal passage to said second external aperture without passing through said internal cavity such that after said application of said compressed gas to said first external aperture is completed, a majority of said first amount of unsintered first material remains in said first internal cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,431,185

DISPLAY SYSTEM REPLACING SIDE MIRROR AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OUTPUT BRIGHTNESS THEREOF

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A display system replacing a side mirror, the display system comprising:a plurality of cameras provided on both side surfaces of a vehicle and obtaining a rear-view image;
a display displaying the rear-view image obtained by the cameras;
a driving condition detector detecting a driving condition of the vehicle, the driving condition detector including a lane departure sensor detecting whether or not the vehicle moves out of its lane; and
a controller controlling output brightness of the display based on the driving condition of the vehicle, the controller increasing the output brightness of an entire screen of the display when the vehicle is out of the lane,
wherein the controller increases an accumulated value when a reference driving condition is detected, and decreases the accumulated value when the reference driving condition is not detected, and
the controller increases the output brightness of the display when the accumulated value exceeds a reference value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,182

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A PLURALITY OF MODES AND DISPLAYING CONTENTS CORRESPONDING TO THE MODES

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display device comprising:a display;
a first sensor configured to sense movement;
a second sensor configured to sense illuminance; and
a processor operatively connected with the display, the first sensor, and the second sensor,
wherein the processor is configured to:
operate in one of a first mode and a second mode, the first mode is a mode in which a dynamic image is displayed in the display and the second mode is a mode in which a static image is displayed in the display,
set a first critical time for sensing the movement based on the illuminance, and
in response to a movement of a user being sensed by the first sensor, in the second mode within the first critical time, control the display to display the static image.

US Pat. No. 10,431,179

DEMUX CIRCUIT

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A demultiplexer (DEMUX) circuit, comprising:a data bus, a first data line, a second data line and a third data line, connected respectively to the data bus and a first unit, a second unit and a third unit respectively corresponding to the first, second and third data lines;
each unit respectively comprising: a first thin film transistor (TFT), a second TFT, a third TFT, and a capacitor, and inputting corresponding a first, a second, and a third switch signals; the first TFT having a gate inputting the first switch signal, and a source and a drain irrespectively inputting to the first switch signal and connected to a gate of the second TFT; the second TFT having a source and a drain respectively connected to the data bus and the corresponding data line; the capacitor having one end connected to the gate of the second TFT and the other connected to the second switch signal; the third TFT having a gate inputting the third switch signal, a source and a drain respectively connected to the gate of the second TFT and a constant low voltage;
for each unit, during operation, when the first switch signal being turned on, the first TFT and the second TFT being turned on, and the corresponding data line is pre-charged; when the first switch signal being turned off, the second switch signal being turned on and the corresponding data line being charged to a preset voltage;
wherein four switch signals are used for inputting to the first, second and third units, each unit selects three switch signals out of the four to use as the first, second and third switch signals corresponding to the unit, and the four switch signals are square waveform having a duty cycle of 0.25, with a phase difference of ¼ cycle among one another.

US Pat. No. 10,431,169

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a curved display panel;
at least one light source module configured to provide light to the display panel;
a bottom case configured to accommodate the light source module; and
at least one signal transmission unit connected to an end portion of the light source module, the signal transmission unit comprising at least one driving line transmitting a driving signal to the light source module and at least one base line transmitting a base signal,
wherein the signal transmission unit includes an input pad unit connected to an end portion of the driving line and an end portion of the base line, and configured to receive a driving signal outputted from a power supply, and an output pad unit connected to another end portion of the driving line and another end portion of the base line, an end portion of a branch line branching off from the base line, and
wherein the branch line includes a plurality of branch lines, a branch line farther away from the input pad unit has a greater line width than that close to the input pad unit.

US Pat. No. 10,431,167

ELECTRONIC PAPER DISPLAY APPARATUS, SIGNAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

E Ink Holdings Inc., Hsi...

1. An electronic paper display apparatus, configured to transmit a first encrypted signal, the electronic paper display apparatus comprising:an electronic paper display panel, configured to display a first image and a second image; and
a display driver, electrically coupled to the electronic paper display panel and configured to output a driving signal to the electronic paper display panel,
wherein the display driver drives the electronic paper display panel to alternately display the first image and the second image to transmit the first encrypted signal by using the driving signal during a signal transmission period,
wherein the first encrypted signal comprises a combination of the first image and the second image displayed during the signal transmission period,
wherein the driving signal comprises a first signal level and a second signal level, the display driver drives the electronic paper display panel to display the first image by using the driving signal of the first signal level, and the display driver drives the electronic paper display panel to display the second image by using the driving signal of the second signal level,
wherein the driving signal contains a second encrypted signal generated by further encrypting the first encrypted signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,157

OLED DISPLAY DEVICE AND PIXEL DRIVING CIRCUIT THEREOF

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A pixel driving circuit for an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display device, comprising:a first thin-film transistor (TFT), comprising a gate electrically connected to a first node, a source electrically connected to a second node, and a drain electrically connected to a first supply voltage;
a second TFT, comprising a gate receiving a second scanning signal and a drain electrically connected to the first node;
a third TFT, comprising a gate receiving a first scanning signal and a source electrically connected to the second node;
a fourth TFT, comprising a gate receiving a third scanning signal and a drain electrically connected to the second node;
a first capacitor, electrically connected between the first node and the second node;
a second capacitor, electrically connected between the second node and a reference signal at low voltage level;
an OLED, comprising an anode electrically connected to a drain of the third TFT and a cathode electrically connected to a second supply voltage;
wherein when the OLED display device is powered off or powered on, a source of the second TFT receives the first data signal, a source of the fourth TFT receives an initialized signal or a voltage sensor, and the voltage sensor is configured to sense a threshold voltage of the first TFT and a turn-on voltage of the OLED and generate a threshold voltage signal and a turn-on voltage compensating signal;
when the OLED display device operates normally, the source of the second TFT receives the second data signal formed by a combination of the threshold voltage signal, the turn-on voltage compensating signal, and a raw data signal;
wherein the initialized signal and the first data signal are both at constantly low voltage level, the raw data signal is at single-pulse high voltage level.

US Pat. No. 10,431,156

PIXEL CIRCUIT AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A pixel circuit, comprising: an input sub-circuit, a driving sub-circuit, a light emitting control sub-circuit, a light emitting sub-circuit and a voltage stabilizing sub-circuit;the input sub-circuit is connected respectively to a scan signal terminal, a data signal terminal, a first node, a second node and a third node, and configured to output a data signal from the data signal terminal to the second node, and connect the third node with the first node under control of a scan signal from the scan signal terminal;
the driving sub-circuit is connected respectively to a first power source signal terminal, the first node, the second node and the third node, and configured to adjust a voltage level at the first node according to a voltage level at the second node and a first power source signal outputted from the first power source signal terminal when the input sub-circuit connects the third node with the first node, and output a driving current to the third node according to a first power source signal outputted from the first power source signal terminal under control of the first node when the input sub-circuit does not connect the third node with the first node;
the light emitting control sub-circuit is connected respectively to a light emitting control signal terminal, a reference signal terminal, the second node, the third node and one terminal of the light emitting sub-circuit, and configured to control a voltage level at the second node according to a reference signal from the reference signal terminal under control of a light emitting control signal from the light emitting control signal terminal, and output the driving current to a first terminal of the light emitting sub-circuit under control of the light emitting control signal from the light emitting control signal terminal;
a second terminal of the light emitting sub-circuit is connected to a second power source signal terminal, the light emitting sub-circuit is configured to emit light under driving of the driving current;
the voltage stabilizing sub-circuit is connected respectively to the second node and a voltage stabilizing signal terminal, and configured to stabilize a voltage level at the second node under control of a voltage stabilizing signal from the voltage stabilizing signal terminal, and the voltage level of the voltage stabilizing signal is always unchanged during driving process of the pixel circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,431,151

PIXEL ARRAY, DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF, AND DRIVING DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A driving method of a display device, including an actual pixel array, wherein the actual pixel array includes N rows and M columns of actual pixel units, each actual pixel unit includes two actual sub-pixels, two adjacent actual pixel units in the same row include actual sub-pixels of three colors including a red actual sub-pixel, a green actual sub-pixel and a blue actual sub-pixel, every two adjacent actual sub-pixels in the same row have different colors, and wherein in the actual pixel array, all the actual sub-pixels have the same shape and size, every two adjacent green actual sub-pixels in the same row are provided with an actual sub-pixel of other color therebetween, every two adjacent blue actual sub-pixels in the same row are provided with three actual sub-pixels of other colors therebetween, and every two adjacent red actual sub-pixels in the same row are provided with three actual sub-pixels of other colors therebetween, and wherein both N and M are positive integers greater than 1, the driving method includes:Stp1. dividing an image to be displayed into N rows and M columns of theoretical pixel units so that each theoretical pixel unit includes a red theoretical sub-pixel, a green theoretical sub-pixel and a blue theoretical sub-pixel, and the divided theoretical pixel units correspond to the actual pixel units one-by-one;
Stp2. obtaining theoretical brightness values of the red theoretical sub-pixel, the green theoretical sub-pixel, and the blue theoretical sub-pixel of each theoretical pixel unit;
Stp3. calculating actual brightness values of the actual sub-pixels from the theoretical brightness values of theoretical sub-pixels so that an actual brightness value of an actual sub-pixel is a sum of a part of theoretical brightness value of a corresponding theoretical sub-pixel and a part of theoretical brightness value of an auxiliary theoretical sub-pixel, the corresponding theoretical sub-pixel and the actual sub-pixel to be calculated have the same color, and a position of the theoretical pixel unit in which the corresponding theoretical sub-pixel is located corresponds to that of the actual pixel unit in which the actual sub-pixel to be calculated is located; the auxiliary theoretical sub-pixel and the actual sub-pixel to be calculated have the same color, and a position of the theoretical pixel unit in which the auxiliary theoretical sub-pixel is located is around that of the actual pixel unit in which the actual sub-pixel to be calculated is located, and does not correspond to that of the actual pixel unit in which the actual sub-pixel to be calculated is located; and
Stp4. controlling each actual sub-pixel to obtain the actual brightness value calculated in Stp3,
wherein in each column of actual sub-pixels except columns of green actual sub-pixels, starting from the first row of actual sub-pixels, every two adjacent rows of actual sub-pixels have the same color, two adjacent actual sub-pixels of the pixel array of the same color in the column correspond to one opening on a mask plate, and the nth row of actual sub-pixels and the (n+2)th actual sub-pixels have different colors;
in the step Stp3, the part of theoretical brightness value of the corresponding theoretical sub-pixel is a product of the theoretical brightness value of the corresponding theoretical sub-pixel and a first coefficient, the part of theoretical brightness value of the auxiliary theoretical sub-pixel is a product of the theoretical brightness value of the auxiliary theoretical sub-pixel and a second coefficient, both the first coefficient and the second coefficient are positive numbers not more than 1, and a sum of the first coefficient and the second coefficient equals to 1; and
wherein for the green actual sub-pixel, the number of the auxiliary theoretical sub-pixels is 0, the first coefficient equals to 1, the second coefficient equals to 0, and there is no corresponding auxiliary sub-pixel for the green actual sub-pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,431,150

DISPLAY DEVICE, LIGHT-EMITTING CONTROL SIGNAL GENERATING DEVICE AND METHOD

EverDisplay Optronics (Sh...

1. A display device, comprising a light-emitting control signal generating device, wherein the light-emitting control signal generating device comprises:a two-to-two multiplexer, configured to receive a first input signal and a second input signal, and select the first input signal to be output from a first output terminal of the two-to-two multiplexer according to the first control signal, or select the second input signal to be output from a second output terminal of the two-to-two multiplexer according to the first control signal;
a first operational amplifier, configured to receive the signal output from the first output terminal of the two-to-two multiplexer and output a first output signal;
a second operational amplifier, configured to receive the signal output from the second output terminal of the two-to-two multiplexer and output a second output signal; and
a three-to-one multiplexer, configured to receive the first output signal, an intermediate signal and the second output signal, and select the first output signal, the intermediate signal or the second output signal to be output as a light-emitting control signal according to a second control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,145

TRANSPARENT WHITEBOARD DISPLAY

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A transparent whiteboard display, comprising:a display layer to cause digital content to be viewable in a first mode and to cause analog content to be viewable in a second mode, the white board display further comprising a diffuser layer to reflect light through the display layer when the display layer is in the second mode to display the analog content; and
a transparent whiteboard layer having a transparent whiteboard coating to receive the analog content on a surface of the transparent whiteboard layer from an input device, wherein the digital content is displayed in a display region and the analog content is displayed in a whiteboard region such that the display region and the whiteboard region are displayed concurrently on the transparent whiteboard display, wherein the display region and the whiteboard region move around the transparent whiteboard display based on a position of an input of the analog content on the transparent whiteboard display.

US Pat. No. 10,431,142

PIXEL CIRCUIT AND ELECTROLUMINESCENT DISPLAY COMPRISING THE PIXEL CIRCUIT

INT TECH CO., LTD., Taip...

1. A circuit, comprising:an electroluminescent (EL) device;
a first transistor, coupled between a supply voltage and the EL device, the first transistor including a first terminal, a gate coupled to a first node and a second terminal coupled to a second node;
a second transistor, wherein a gate of the second transistor is coupled to a first control signal, and a first terminal of the second transistor is coupled to the first node;
a third transistor, wherein a gate of the third transistor is coupled to the first control signal, a first terminal of the third transistor is coupled to the first terminal of the first transistor, and a second terminal of the third transistor is coupled to a second terminal of the second transistor;
a fourth transistor, configured to receive the supply voltage, and provide the supply voltage to each of the gate of the first transistor and the first terminal of the first transistor though a same number of transistors, wherein a gate of the fourth transistor is coupled to the first control signal, a first terminal of the fourth transistor is coupled to the second terminal of the second transistor, and a second terminal of the fourth transistor is coupled to the supply voltage;
a first capacitor, coupled between the first node and the second node, being configured to reset the gate of the first transistor to the supply voltage in response to the first control signal; and
a second capacitor including a first end coupled to the second node and a second end to receive a second control signal, the second capacitor being configured to establish at the second terminal of the first transistor a compensation voltage associated with a threshold voltage of the first transistor in response to the second control signal,
wherein the first transistor is configured to pass a current through the EL device, the current having a magnitude being independent of the threshold voltage of the first transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,431,136

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

XIAMEN TIANMA MICRO-ELECT...

1. An array substrate, comprising a display area, and a non-display area surrounding the display area,wherein the display area comprises a plurality of data lines;
wherein the non-display area comprises a demultiplexer assembly, a test switch assembly, a plurality of data signal fanout wires, and a driver chip IC;
wherein the demultiplexer assembly has a side proximate to the display area and another side away from the display area, and wherein the demultiplexer assembly includes:
a plurality of signal output terminals electrically connected with the plurality of data lines in the display area;
a plurality of first signal input terminals electrically connected with the plurality of data signal fanout wires; and
a plurality of second signal input terminals electrically connected with the plurality of signal output terminals of the test switch assembly;
wherein the test switch assembly is arranged on the side of the demultiplexer assembly away from the display area;
wherein the plurality of data signal fanout wires are arranged at a different layer than the test switch assembly, and wherein an orthographic projection of the plurality of data signal fanout wires on the array substrate overlaps with an orthographic projection of the test switch assembly on the array substrate;
wherein the driver chip IC includes one terminal electrically connected with the plurality of data signal fanout wires; and wherein the driver chip IC is arranged on a side of test switch assembly away from the display area.

US Pat. No. 10,431,135

SCANNING DRIVING CIRCUIT

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A scanning driving circuit, wherein the scanning driving circuit comprises a plurality of scanning driving units connected in turn, each scanning driving unit comprising:a scanning signal output terminal, for outputting a high voltage level scanning signal or a low voltage level scanning signal;
a pull-up circuit, for receiving a level clock signal and controlling the scanning signal output terminal to output a high voltage level scan signal in accordance with the level clock signal;
a transfer circuit, connected the pull-up circuit for outputting a staged transmission signal with high voltage level;
a pull-up control circuit, connected to the transfer circuit, for charging a pull-up control signal point to pull electrical potential of the pull-up control signal point to a high voltage level;
a pull-down holding circuit, connected to the pull-up control circuit, for maintaining a low voltage level of the pull-up control signal point and a low voltage level of a scanning signal outputted by the scanning signal output terminal; and
a bootstrap circuit, for raising electrical potential of the pull-up control signal point;
the pull-up circuit comprises a first controllable switch, a first terminal of the first controllable switch receives the staged clock signal and is connected to the transfer circuit, a control terminal of the first controllable switch is connected to the transfer circuit, a second terminal of the first controllable switch is connected to the pull-down holding circuit and the scanning signal output terminal;
the transfer circuit comprises a second controllable switch, a control terminal of the second controllable switch is connected to a control terminal of the first controllable switch, a first terminal of the second controllable switch is connected to a first terminal of the first controllable switch and a second terminal of the second controllable switch outputs a staged transmission signal;
the pull-up control circuit comprises third to fifth controllable switches;
a control terminal of the third controllable switch is connected to a control terminal of the second controllable switch, a second terminal of the fifth controllable switch, and the pull-down holding circuit;
a first terminal of the third controllable switch is connected to a second terminal of the fourth controllable switch and a first terminal of the fifth controllable switch;
a second terminal of the third controllable switch is connected to the pull-down holding circuit;
a first terminal of the fourth controllable switch receives a former staged transmission signal; and
a control terminal of the fourth controllable switch is connected to a control terminal of the fifth controllable switch and receives a first clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,132

DISPLAY SYSTEMS WITH COMPENSATION FOR LINE PROPAGATION DELAY

Ignis Innovation Inc., W...

1. A method of operating a display system, the method comprising:generating signals at a first location on a signal line of the display system;
receiving the signals at a second location on the signal line; and
determining a propagation delay effect on the signals as received at the second location with use of the received signals, wherein one of said generating the signals and said receiving the signals is performed with use of a pixel circuit coupled to said signal line.

US Pat. No. 10,431,125

SEPARABLE COMPOSITE LABELING ARTICLES IN SHEET OR ROLL FORM

Bedford Industries, Inc.,...

1. A roll of a series of labeling articles, the roll comprising:a tag strip of ruptureably-connected tag portions of the labeling articles; and
a loop strip of elastic fastening loops of the labeling articles secured to the tag strip at a bond zone;
wherein the series of labeling articles are wound in an overlapping tight condition at the bond zone, and wherein the loop strip is wound with varying space conditions between layers of the loop strip.

US Pat. No. 10,431,124

SELF-DESTRUCTIVE DOCUMENTS FOR INFORMATION SECURITY AND PRIVACY PROTECTION

Invaluable Inventions, M...

1. A self-destructing document comprisinga coversheet capable of being printed upon, and cut or perforated so as to form a series of island cutouts which can be released from said coversheet by means of pulling on one or more filaments which overlay or underlay and are adhered to said cutouts, connecting said cutouts in a linear fashion, and;
one or more strippers, comprising a collar encircling and capable of being drawn along the length of said filament so as to release said adhered cutouts therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,431,097

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO ENHANCE THE UTILITY OF VEHICLE INSPECTION RECORDS BY INCLUDING ROUTE IDENTIFICATION DATA IN EACH VEHICLE INSPECTION RECORD

ZONAR SYSTEMS, INC., Sea...

11. A portable, handheld data collection device for collecting vehicle inspection data and route identification (ID) data, to generate an inspection record for providing evidence that a plurality of locations were visited during a vehicle inspection, and for providing the identity of a route serviced by the vehicle during a time period proximate the vehicle inspection, the system comprising:(a) a housing;
(b) an output for providing at least one of a visual indication and an audible indication to a user of the portable device;
(c) an operator interface;
(d) a memory in which machine instructions and data are stored;
(e) a sensor for detecting when the portable device is proximate any of the plurality of locations, and in response thereto producing a signal indicating that the portable device is proximate to one of the plurality of locations, defined on the exterior of the vehicle; and
(f) a controller coupled to the display, the memory, the operator interface, and the sensor, said controller executing the machine instructions and implementing the functions of:
(i) prompting an operator to input route ID data, the route ID data specifically identifying the route serviced by the vehicle during the time period proximate the vehicle inspection;
(ii) generating inspection data in response to the signal produced by the sensor, such that whenever the sensor produces the signal, an identity of a specific one of the plurality of locations, defined on the exterior of the vehicle, that the portable device is proximate to when the signal is produced is added to the inspection data; and
(iii) generating an inspection record including the route ID data and the inspection data.

US Pat. No. 10,431,094

OBJECT DETECTION METHOD AND OBJECT DETECTION APPARATUS

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. An object detection method for an object detection apparatus including a distance measurement sensor for acquiring three-dimensional data on an area around a host vehicle, and configured to detect an object by use of the three-dimensional data acquired by the distance measurement sensor, comprising:based on map data on an area around a current position of the host vehicle, extracting a vehicle traffic lane which the host vehicle is estimated to travel on a planned travel route from the current position of the host vehicle to a destination as a planned travel area,
based on road structure information included in the map data, estimating road categories whose traveling directions point to the planned travel area as crossing object existence areas where there currently exist objects which are likely to cross the host vehicle in the future in the planned travel area,
detecting the road categories around the current position of the host vehicle from the road structure information, extracting the crossing object existence areas by extracting the road categories which cross the planned travel area from the detected road categories, and
detecting the object by use of the three-dimensional data on insides of the crossing object existence areas.

US Pat. No. 10,431,091

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING VEHICLE TRAVEL

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A device for controlling vehicle travel, comprising:a malfunction detector that detects malfunctions of various types of devices for supporting driving of an own vehicle;
a malfunction degree determining unit, when the malfunction detector detects that any device is malfunctioned, that specifies a malfunction state of the device and determines whether the device is driven; and
an action instruction unit that generates an instruction signal for changing an operation of at least one of a traffic signal in front of the own vehicle in a traveling direction thereof and another vehicle based on determination information of the malfunction degree determining unit, and outputs the instruction signal to at least one of the other vehicle and the traffic signal;
wherein the own vehicle includes an environment recognition unit, and
wherein the device for controlling travel includes a receiver that receives an external instruction signal output from the other vehicle, and a travel route changing unit that creates a collision avoidance route of the own vehicle to avoid a collision with the other vehicle based on environment information from the environment recognition unit and the determination information.

US Pat. No. 10,431,089

CROWDSOURCED VEHICLE HISTORY

Lytx, Inc., San Diego, C...

1. A system for interacting with data of a vehicle history database, comprising:an interface configured to receive sensor data associated with one or more nearby vehicles; and
a processor configured to:
determine vehicle data associated with the one or more nearby vehicles based at least in part on the sensor data;
determine anomalous event data based at least in part on the sensor data, wherein the anomalous event data comprises data indicating a vehicle tailgating, data indicating a vehicle running a red light, data indicating a vehicle changing lanes without signaling, data indicating a vehicle causing an accident, data indicating a vehicle speeding, data indicating a vehicle hard cornering, data indicating a vehicle abruptly braking, data indicating a vehicle cutting off other vehicles, data indicating a vehicle at an unusual location, or data indicating a vehicle weaving;
determine driver quality data based at least in part on the sensor data;
provide the vehicle data, the driver quality data, and the anomalous event data to a vehicle history database;
receive vehicle history data associated with the one or more nearby vehicles from the vehicle history database; and
indicate a feedback action based at least in part on the vehicle history data, wherein the feedback action comprises providing an audio indication of a dangerous vehicle, indicating a dangerous vehicle on a display, putting a vehicle into a safe driving mode, adjusting an automatic driving control parameter, or any combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,431,077

MONITORING TRAFFIC FLOW

OPTASENSE HOLDINGS LIMITE...

1. A method for determining traffic flow, the method comprising:performing, by a distributed acoustic sensing interrogator unit, distributed acoustic sensing repeatedly to provide a measurement signal from each of a plurality of sensing portions of a first length of a sensing optical fibre, wherein the first length of the sensing optical fibre runs alongside a road having a plurality of lanes;
processing, by a processor connected to the distributed acoustic sensing interrogator unit, the measurement signals repeatedly from said sensing portions to detect vehicles travelling on the road and determine at least one detected traffic flow property;
using a traffic flow model, by the processor, to relate the at least one detected flow property to a modelled flow property, the traffic flow model modelling vehicle detections that will be missed by the distributed acoustic sensing; and
outputting, by the processor, an estimate of traffic flow on the road based on the modelled flow property.

US Pat. No. 10,431,073

FALSE ALARM REDUCTION

Vivint, Inc., Provo, UT ...

1. A method for a home automation system, comprising:detecting an event at a premises associated with the home automation system during a first security duration;
initiating a second security duration based at least in part on the event;
determining an occupancy at the premises associated with the home automation system during the second security duration;
confirming an identity of an occupant at the premises during the second security duration based at least in part on comparing a motion signature of the occupant and a short-range low-energy signal from a portable electronic device of the occupant to pre-stored profiles associated with the home automation system;
determining a proximity of the occupant to a control panel locality within the premises and a direction of movement of the occupant relative to the control panel locality within the premises; and
determining whether to perform a security function using the home automation system based at least in part on confirming the identity of the occupant and the proximity of the occupant to the control panel locality and the direction of movement of the occupant relative to the control panel locality within the premises prior to the second security duration lapsing.

US Pat. No. 10,431,070

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMPROVED DRUG REGIMEN COMPLIANCE

QuantaEd, LLC, San Diego...

1. A system for monitoring the state of at least one blister card that includes a forming film, a lidding film, and a first tablet contained in a first reservoir defined by the forming film and the lidding film, wherein the system comprises:a housing that is operative for locating the blister card in a first position, the housing including a lid having an open position and a closed position;
a first detection module comprising a first sensor that is operative for providing a first electrical signal based on at least one of (1) the presence of the first tablet in the first reservoir and (2) a first force applied to the forming film of the first reservoir; and
an electronics module that is operative for providing a first output signal based on the first electrical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,431,067

APPARATUS FOR DETECTING FERROMAGNETIC OBJECTS AT A PROTECTED DOORWAY ASSEMBLY

Metrasens Limited, Malve...

1. An MRI room protection apparatus configured to protect an entrance to an MRI room, the apparatus comprising:a magnetic sensor apparatus adapted to measure an ambient magnetic field or gradient within a localised volume of space defined by a first zone of sensitivity of at least one magnetic sensor, and to produce a corresponding measurement signal,
a non-magnetic sensor means adapted to detect the presence of objects within a primary detection zone in the vicinity of the magnetic sensor apparatus,
a signal processing circuit arranged in communication with the magnetic sensor apparatus and non-magnetic sensor means, and
a warning device operable by an output signal from the signal processing circuit, the warning device adapted to provide within the vicinity of the magnetic sensor apparatus at least one of an audible alarm and a visible alarm,
and further in which:
the signal processing circuit is configured to identify temporal variations in the measurement signal due to the movement of a ferromagnetic object within the ambient magnetic field and to correlate the identified temporal variations in the measurement signal with instances in which the non-magnetic sensor means detects the presence of an object in its detection zone, and in which the signal processing circuit is arranged to cause the alarm to operate in the event that the correlation is indicative of the presence of a ferromagnetic object in the primary detection zone,
and further in which the signal processing circuit is adapted to determine the direction from which an object is approaching the entrance from the output signals from the non-magnetic sensor means and to modify the operation of the warning device dependent on the direction of approach,
wherein the non-magnetic sensor means comprises a first non-magnetic sensor adapted to detect the presence of objects within the primary detection zone and a second non-magnetic sensor adapted to detect the presence of objects within a second detection zone,
wherein the first non-magnetic sensor and the second non-magnetic sensor each comprise an optical sensor and a light beam, the light beam extending across a region of space that defines the respective primary detection zone and second detection zone,
wherein the apparatus is fitted to a doorway, the non-magnetic sensor means being located in or adjacent to the doorway, and wherein the non-magnetic sensor means is configured to detect an object at a time when the object is passing through the doorway, wherein the object traverses the doorway in a time of up to 3 seconds.

US Pat. No. 10,431,064

WIRELESS DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE IN DETERMINING CLASSROOM ATTENDANCE

THL Holding Company, LLC,...

1. A wireless device comprising:a user interface that generates a pairing signal in response to an indication from a user to associate the wireless device with a plurality of mobile communication devices in proximity to the wireless device;
a short-range wireless transceiver, coupled to the user interface, configured to:
communicate first RF signals, in response to the pairing signal, including a beacon signal to identify the wireless device and to facilitate an association of the wireless device with the plurality of mobile communication devices in proximity to the wireless device, wherein each corresponding one of the plurality of mobile communication devices includes a mobile communication device processor that executes an application that facilitates location of a corresponding one of the plurality of mobile communication devices by the wireless device;
receive second RF signals from the plurality of mobile communication devices in proximity to the wireless device; and
a wireless device processor, coupled to the short-range wireless transceiver and the user interface, that analyzes the second RF signals from the plurality of mobile communication devices to associate persons corresponding to the plurality of mobile communication devices as being in proximity to the wireless device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,061

VIRTUAL REPRESENTATION OF ACTIVITY WITHIN AN ENVIRONMENT

Walmart Apollo, LLC, Ben...

1. A system for presenting a virtual representation of a user's environment based on activity in the user's environment, the system comprising:one or more sensors, wherein the one or more sensors are located about the user's environment and configured to:
detect the activity within the user's environment;
detect, for multiple items within the user's environment, remaining useful lives; and
transmit, to a control circuit, indications of the activity within the user's environment and the remaining useful lives;
the control circuit configured to:
receive, from a mobile device associated with the user, a scan of the user's environment;
receive, from the one or more sensors, the indications of the activity within the user's environment and the remaining useful lives;
generate, based on the scan of the user's environment, the virtual representation of the user's environment;
render, based on the indications of the activity within the user's environment, the virtual representation of the user's environment to include representations of the activity within the user's environment; and
reorder, automatically for the user based on the remaining useful lives for the multiple items within the user's environment, those of the multiple items having a remaining useful life below a threshold; and
a display device, the display device configured to present, based on the rendering of the virtual representation of the user's environment, the virtual representation of the user's environment including the representations of the activity within the user's environment.

US Pat. No. 10,431,056

TACTILE FEEDBACK GUIDANCE DEVICE

1. A tactile responsive guidance device, comprising:a. a housing having one or more recesses for accommodating one or more components of the device;
b. a LIDAR assembly positioned within the housing at a front end for detecting objects in front of the first end of the housing;
c. a controller;
d. three-servo motor cube assembly, wherein the three-servo motor cube configuration is comprised of a first servo motor affixed to a first face of the cube to provide rotation around an X axis, a second servo motor affixed to a second face of the cube to provide rotation around a Y axis, and a third servo motor affixed to a third face of the cube to provide rotation around a Z axis;
e. an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) for sensing the current orientation of the device, sensing any changes in movement of the device, and for communicating with the LIDAR assembly and the controller;
f. a power supply for supplying power to the LIDAR assembly, the controller, the three-servo motor cube assembly and the IMU; and
g. the controller receiving signals from the LIDAR assembly and the IMU related to objects identified by the LIDAR, the current position of the device by the IMU;
h. the controller determines the amount of force to provide to the three-servo motor cube assembly and communicates with the three-servo motor cube assembly to initiate movement along each axis of the three-servo motor cube assembly; and
i. the three-servo motor cube assembly positioned within a first recess of the one or more recesses, the recess configured to transmit forces exerted by the three-servo motor cube assembly to the housing to provide tactile feedback to the user of the device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,050

GAMING SYSTEM AND METHOD PROVIDING A MULTI-HAND CARD GAME WITH MODIFIERS AVAILABLE BASED ON THE INITIALLY-DEALT CARDS OF THE HANDS

IGT, Las Vegas, NV (US)

1. A gaming system comprising:a processor; and
a memory device that stores instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
randomly determine a plurality of initial hands of cards;
for each initial hand:
cause a display of a first subset of cards of that initial hand face-up on a display device and cause a display of a second subset of cards of that initial hand face-down on the display device;
determine whether a modifier triggering event occurred for that initial hand based on the first subset of cards of that initial hand; and
responsive to an occurrence of the modifier triggering event for that initial hand, associate a modifier with that initial hand;
for the plurality of initial hands of cards:
responsive to receipt, by an input device, of a selection to hold one of the first subsets of cards, discard the remaining non-held first subsets of cards;
for the held first subset of cards:
responsive to receipt, by the input device, of a selection to hold any of the cards from that held first subset of cards, discard each non-held card from that held first subset of cards and randomly select a replacement card for each non-held card of that held first subset of cards to form a complete held first subset of cards; and
duplicate the complete held first subset of cards in each of the other hands of cards;
reveal the second subset of cards for each of the hands of cards to form a plurality of finalized hands of cards;
for each finalized hand, determine any award for that finalized hand based at least in part on any modifier associated with that finalized hand; and
cause a display of any awards on the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,045

GAME APPARATUS, GAME METHOD AND GAME PROGRAM

KONAMI DIGITAL ENTERTAINM...

1. A game apparatus comprising:a display device having a game screen having at least a main area, in which a win determination is performed, a reserve area in which the win determination is not performed, and a replacement drawing area for displaying a symbol drawing presentation when drawing at least one replacement target symbol to be replaced by another symbol in the main area;
a symbol arrangement device configured to arrange a first plurality of symbols in the main area and a second plurality of symbols in the reserve area;
the symbol arrangement device being configured to delete a symbol of the first plurality of symbols arranged in the main area, if a deletion condition regarding the symbol arranged in the main area is satisfied,
the symbol arrangement device being configured to move a movable symbol to a deletion position at which the deleted symbol had been arranged in the main area, if the movable symbol is in the main area;
a symbol moving device configured to move, to the deletion position at which the deleted symbol had been arranged in the main area, a symbol of the second plurality of symbols in the reserve area if any movable symbol to the deletion position is not in the main area;
a replacement symbol drawing device configured to draw at least one replacement target symbol to be replaced in the main area, while the display device is displaying the symbol drawing presentation in the replacement drawing area;
a symbol replacement device configured to replace, with at least alternative symbol, the at least one replacement target symbol that was drawn in the main area, after the symbol arrangement device arranged at least one of the plurality of symbols in the main area;
the symbol replacement device configured to perform the symbol replacement among the second plurality of symbols in the reserve area, after the symbol arrangement device arranged the second plurality of symbols in the reserve area and before the symbol moving device moves, to the deletion position in the main area, the symbol in the reserve area; and
a win determination device configured to perform a win determination based at least in part on an arrangement of symbols which are in at least a part of the main area, after the symbol replacement device replaced, by the at least alternative symbol, the at least one replacement target symbol that was drawn.

US Pat. No. 10,431,041

MULTI-LINE GAMING MACHINE WITH SINGLE WAGER OPTION

ARISTOCRAT TECHNOLOGIES A...

1. A method of a gaming machine, the method comprising:determining that a game play button of a gaming machine has been actuated;
deducting a predetermined wager amount from a credit meter of the gaming machine in response to said determining;
displaying an outcome for a base game on a display of the gaming machine in response to said determining, wherein the outcome comprises a plurality of base game symbols;
awarding a series of bonus games based on the plurality of base game symbols;
displaying, for each bonus game of the series of bonus games, a bonus game outcome on the display of the gaming machine, the bonus game outcome comprising a plurality of bonus game symbols selected from a first group of symbols that includes at least a WILD symbol;
awarding, for each bonus game, a prize in response to determining that the plurality of bonus game symbols for that respective bonus game of the series of bonus games comprises a winning combination of bonus game symbols;
replacing each instance of the WILD symbol in each bonus game outcome with a replacement symbol selected from a second group of symbols that includes at least a first jackpot symbol and a second jackpot symbol respectively associated with a first jackpot prize and a second jackpot prize;
accumulating both the first jackpot symbols and the second jackpot symbols generated during each bonus game from a plurality of bonus games in the series of bonus games to obtain a first accumulated jackpot symbols total that corresponds to a first quantity of first jackpot symbols generated during the plurality of bonus games and a second accumulated jackpot symbols total that corresponds to a second quantity of second jackpot symbols generated during the plurality of bonus games;
awarding the first jackpot prize in response to determining that the first accumulated jackpot symbols total achieved a first predetermined plurality of first jackpot symbols; and
awarding the second jackpot prize in response to determining that the second accumulated jackpot symbols total achieved a second predetermined plurality of second jackpot symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,431,038

GAMING DEVICE AND METHOD HAVING INDEPENDENT REELS AND MULTIPLE WAYS OF WINNING

IGT, Las Vegas, NV (US)

1. An electronic gaming machine comprising:a housing;
at least one display device supported by the housing;
at least one processor; and
at least one memory device which stores a plurality of instructions, which when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to:
for a quantity of at least two distinct evaluations of a same set of randomly determined symbols of a plurality of reels of a single dual award evaluation sequence:
cause the at least one display device to display the plurality of reels, said reels arranged in a plurality of reel columns, said reels including a plurality of symbols, wherein different pluralities of said symbols form different winning symbol combinations and different winning symbol combinations are associated with different awards,
activate at least one payline associated with the plurality of reels,
cause the at least one display device to display the randomly determined symbols of the reels,
determine if the randomly determined symbols form any of said winning symbol combinations along the at least one activated payline associated with the plurality of reels,
for each activated payline, responsive to at least one of said winning symbol combinations being formed along said activated payline, cause the at least one display device to display the award associated with said formed winning symbol combination, and
in addition to and independent of if any winning symbol combinations are formed along the at least one activated payline:
determine if any of said randomly determined symbols at any activated symbol positions for a requisite number of adjacent reel columns form a string of related symbols, wherein each formed string of related symbols includes one designated symbol for each reel and said requisite number of adjacent reel columns is at least two,
determine if any formed strings of related symbols corresponds to any of said winning symbol combinations, and
responsive to at least one formed string of related symbols corresponding to at least one of said winning symbol combinations, for each of said formed strings of related symbols which corresponds to one of said winning symbol combinations, cause the at least one display device to display the award associated with said corresponding winning symbol combination.

US Pat. No. 10,431,035

PICKING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR RETRIEVING DRUG COMPOSITIONS FROM STORAGE

BECTON DICKINSON ROWA GER...

16. A method for retrieving drug combinations arranged in storage vessels in a picking device, the method comprising:a) identifying a drug combination to be retrieved, comprising:
providing, by a user, uniquely identifying identification data for the drug combination to be retrieved; and
determining a storage location inside the picking device assigned to the drug combination to be retrieved;
b) moving an operating device to the assigned storage location of the drug combination;
c) gripping, by the operating device, a storage vessel arranged at the assigned storage location, the storage vessel containing the drug combination, and transferring the storage vessel to a vessel receptacle of an unloading device;
d) emptying the transferred storage vessel onto the transport device;
e) transporting, by the transport device, the drug combination to a removal location of a delivery station; and
f) clearing the removal location of the drug combination upon instructions from a control device coupled to the delivery station.

US Pat. No. 10,431,026

USING WEARABLE TO DETERMINE INGRESS OR EGRESS

ASSA ABLOY AB, (SE)

1. A method, for use in an access control reader controlling access to a protected physical asset, for making an ingress or egress determination with an access control system, the method comprising:identifying, with a processor and based on information received via a wireless interface of an access control reader, a plurality of mobile devices within communication range of the access control reader;
receiving first information from at least one of the plurality of mobile devices, the first information corresponding to a first distance between at least two of the plurality of mobile devices;
receiving second information from at least one of the plurality of mobile devices, the second information corresponding to a second distance between at least two of the plurality of mobile devices; and
making an ingress or egress determination for a user of at least one of the plurality of mobile devices with respect to the protected physical asset based on the first information and the second information.

US Pat. No. 10,431,024

ELECTRONIC DEVICE OPERATION USING REMOTE USER BIOMETRICS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device comprising:an access controller configured to receive operating mode data and authorization data from an external control device, the authorization data at least partially derived from a biometric characteristic of a user;
wherein:
the operating mode data comprises an instruction corresponding to an operational control of the electronic device;
the operating mode data and the authorization data are received by the access controller as part of a transmission from the external control device;
based on the operating mode data the access controller determines whether the instruction requires access to a limited access operating mode;
if the instruction requires access to the limited access operating mode and the authorization data indicates access to the limited access operating mode, the access controller initiates execution of the instruction;
if the instruction requires access to the limited access operating mode and the authorization data does not indicate access to the limited access operating mode, the access controller denies execution of the instruction;
if the instruction does not require access to the limited access operating mode, the access controller discards the authorization data and initiates execution of the instruction; and
the limited access operating mode comprises at least one of a power mode, a volume mode, or a hardware setting of a component of the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,431,022

CUSTOMIZED FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS

EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND E...

1. A system for providing fuel type recommendations, the system comprising:a mobile polling device communicatively coupled to one or more computing devices integrated with a vehicle for receiving vehicle's operational data from the vehicle's computing devices; and
a processor adapted to execute one or more processes, the processor when executing the one or more processes, is operable to:
receive vehicle's operational data from the mobile polling device;
analyze the received vehicle's operational data to identify recommended fuel type; and
provide one or more fuel type recommendations indicative of the recommended fuel type; and
a smart fuel dispenser communicatively coupled to the processor wherein the processor provides authorization and financial transaction for the smart fuel dispenser.

US Pat. No. 10,431,017

FUEL LEVEL INDICATION IN A VEHICLE

1. A system for indicating a fuel level in a vehicle, comprising:a processor,
and memory operatively connected to the processor, the memory storing:
ignition monitoring module instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to receive an ignition-on signal and an ignition-off signal;
fuel level module instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to
determine an ignition-on fuel level upon receiving the ignition-on signal based, at least in part, on data received from a fuel level sensor,
determine an ignition-off fuel level upon receiving the ignition-off signal based, at least in part, on data received from the fuel level sensor, and
determine whether the ignition-on fuel level is within a threshold of the ignition-off fuel level;
location module instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to determine a location of the vehicle with respect to a nearest one of a plurality of fueling stations; and
user interface module instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to generate an indication of the ignition-on fuel level within a user interface of the vehicle in response to (i) the ignition-on fuel level being within the threshold of the ignition-off fuel level and (ii) the vehicle being located at the nearest one of the plurality of fueling stations.

US Pat. No. 10,431,010

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR VIRTUAL APPLICATION OF COSMETIC EFFECTS TO A REMOTE USER

PERFECT CORP., New Taipe...

1. A method implemented in a makeup application device utilized by a makeup professional, comprising:obtaining a makeup consultation request from a user of a client device;
obtaining at least one digital image of a facial region of the user from the client device;
generating a three-dimensional (3D) facial model based on the at least one digital image;
obtaining user input from the makeup professional for applying virtual cosmetic effects to the 3D facial model;
generating a makeup command based on the user input from the makeup professional for applying a virtual cosmetic effect, wherein the makeup command causes the client device to apply the virtual cosmetic effect to the at least one digital image, and display the virtual cosmetic effect on the client device;
obtaining an enable input command from the makeup professional specifying whether to allow the client device to adjust one or more of: the zoom level, the degree of rotation, or the degree of panning of the 3D facial model;
transmitting the makeup command to the client device, the makeup command causing a virtual cosmetic effect to be applied to the at least one digital image of the facial region of the user and displaying the at least one digital image; and
responsive to receiving the enable input command from the makeup professional specifying that the client device is allowed to perform adjustments, receiving user input from the client device to adjust one or more of: the zoom level, the degree of rotation, or the degree of panning of the 3D facial model.

US Pat. No. 10,431,001

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INTERACTIVE PERCUTANEOUS PRE-OPERATION SURGICAL PLANNING

EDDA TECHNOLOGY, INC., P...

1. A method implemented on a computer system having at least a processor, storage, and display for interactive percutaneous pre-operational surgical planning, the method comprising:rendering, by the processor, a three dimensional (3D) volume and one or more 3D objects in the 3D volume on a two dimensional (2D) computer display screen, wherein the one or more 3D objects are one of a surgical target type and an obstacle type;
receiving, by the processor, information associated with a 3D location specified with respect to one of the one or more 3D objects in the surgical target type;
rendering, by the processor, a 3D virtual probe at the 3D location;
receiving, directly through a physical computer input device operating in a 2D space, information associated with an operation in the 2D space performed by a user via the physical computer input device;
dynamically adjusting, by the processor, a 3D pose of the 3D virtual probe in the 3D volume, wherein the 3D pose is dynamically transformed from a 2D location on the 2D computer display screen and the information associated with the operation in the 2D space;
rendering, by the processor, a 2D image of the surgical target type 3D object, the 2D image being centered at the tip of the 3D virtual probe and displayed orthogonally, along a length of the 3D virtual probe;
dynamically detecting, by the processor, a collision between the 3D virtual probe and one of the one or more 3D objects of the obstacle type during the dynamic adjustment of the 3D pose of the 3D virtual probe; and
providing a notification of the detected collision to the user, wherein dynamically adjusting the 3D pose of the 3D virtual probe comprises
rotating the 3D virtual probe based on a movement of a part of the 3D virtual probe, wherein the part of the 3D virtual probe is adapted to move in an unrestricted manner along any direction on a surface of a half sphere of the 3D volume, wherein a size of the half sphere is determined based on the 3D location and a length of the 3D virtual probe.

US Pat. No. 10,430,999

COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED METHOD FOR DESIGNING AN AVATAR WITH AT LEAST ONE GARMENT

DASSAULT SYSTEMES, Veliz...

1. A computer-implemented method for designing an avatar with at least one garment, the method comprising the steps of:S1) providing a digital model of an avatar comprising a skeleton and a skin covering the skeleton, the skeleton comprising a plurality of bones represented by respective segments, the skin comprising a mesh comprising a plurality of vertex connected by edges defining faces, each vertex of the mesh being associated to at least one bone of the skeleton and the mesh defining an inside volume containing the skeleton;
S2) providing a digital model of a garment comprising a mesh having a plurality of vertex connected by edges defining faces, each vertex being associated to at least one bone of the skeleton of the digital model of the avatar through a respective weighting coefficient, the plurality of vertex of the digital model of the garment being not directly associated to the plurality of vertex of the skin of the digital model of the avatar, adding said digital model of the garment to the digital model of the avatar without deforming said digital model of the garment, the un-deformed digital model of the garment being without deformation relative to shape of said digital model of the garment prior to adding to the digital model of the avatar;
S3) associating a displacement direction to each vertex of the mesh of the un-deformed digital model of the garment, said displacement direction depending on the skeleton and on said weighting coefficients; and
S4) detecting collisions between the skin of the model of the avatar and the meshes of the un-deformed model of the garment, and, whenever a collision is detected, displacing a vertex of the mesh of the model of the garment away from the skeleton of the model of the avatar along said displacement direction, wherein determining said displacement direction as a weighted average of vectors connecting nearest point of each bone to which said vertex is associated to the vertex itself, the weighted average being computed using the weighting coefficients associating the vertex to the bones, and wherein displacing the vertex includes displacing, among the vertices of each edge of the mesh of the model of the garment intersecting a face of the skin of the model of the avatar, the vertex with a lowest cumulative displacement.

US Pat. No. 10,430,993

IMAGE GENERATION VIA COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY SYSTEM

Analogic Corporation, Pe...

1. A method for generating a projection image from volumetric data, comprising:acquiring volumetric data yielded from an examination of an object via radiation;
defining a surface about which a projection image of the object to be generated is focused;
mapping a first portion of the volumetric data, corresponding to a first view, to a first location on the surface based on a first intersection of at least one ray and the first location on the surface;
mapping a second portion of the volumetric data, corresponding to a second view, to a second location on the surface based on a second intersection of at least one other ray and second location on the surface; and
generating the projection image from the volumetric data based upon the mapping a first portion and the mapping a second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,430,990

PIXEL COMPRESSION MECHANISM

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus to facilitate pixel compression comprising:one or more processors to:
convert an image to a plurality of pixels;
encode the plurality of pixels, including:
dividing the plurality of pixels into a mega pixel block having a plurality of pixel blocks;
determining coverage information indicating a pixel span for each of the plurality of pixel blocks; and
encoding each of the plurality of pixel blocks based on the coverage information to generate a mega encoded pixel block;
transmit the mega encoded pixel block for depth checking via an interface based on a multi-sample anti-aliasing case being implemented; and
transmit the coverage information via the interface.

US Pat. No. 10,430,988

FACIAL ANIMATION USING FACIAL SENSORS WITHIN A HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A method comprising:causing, inside a head mounted display (HMD), a plurality of light sources to emit light by a single light source at a time in a particular sequence to illuminate a portion of a face of a user wearing the HMD, wherein the portion of the face includes the eyes of the user and portions of an eyebrow and a cheek of the user;
capturing a plurality of facial data of the portion of the face using one or more facial sensors located inside the HMD, wherein the plurality of facial data describes a plurality of frames of an image including a plurality of pixels, each pixel associated with a different coordinate location of the image, each of the plurality of frames captured when a different single light source of the plurality of light sources illuminated the portion of the face;
for each coordinate location of the image:
identifying a frame of the plurality of frames having the greatest intensity value based on reflected light from the portion of the face at the coordinate location;
identifying a position of a light source of the plurality of light sources illuminating the portion of the face when the frame was captured, the reflected light originating from the light source;
determining a planar section of the portion of the face based on the position of the light source and the coordinate location; and
determining a normal vector to the planar section based on the position of the light source illuminating the portion of the face when the frame of the plurality of frames having the greatest intensity value was captured;
generating a virtual surface describing orientation of the portion of the face by aggregating the normal vectors for the planar sections;
mapping the virtual surface to one or more landmarks of the face; and
generating facial animation information based at least in part on the mapping and the virtual surface, the facial animation information describing a portion of a virtual face corresponding to the portion of the face.

US Pat. No. 10,430,983

VERTEX PIXEL BUFFER

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An image processing system for encoding pixel data for pixels of an image, the image processing system comprising:a feature detection system, wherein the feature detection system is configured to access information defining high-frequency data corresponding to locations on a pixel map of the pixels and extract at least sub-pixel vertex locations from the high-frequency data for pixels; and
an encoder coupled to the feature detection system configured to encode the sub-pixel vertex locations into pixel data for the pixels, such that the pixel data for the pixels includes, for each pixel, a discrete data element which includes color data and feature data, the feature data including a sub-pixel vertex location for the high frequency data for the pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,430,977

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LIGHT FIELD CORRECTION OF COLORED SURFACES IN AN IMAGE

MODIFACE INC., Toronto (...

1. A computer-implemented method for correcting a makeup or skin effect to be rendered on a surface region of an image of a portion of a body of a person, which accounts for a light field of the image, the method comprising:calculating a light intensity estimation of the image as an average light intensity of pixels in a first region of the image;
determining a minimum light field estimation of the image as a minimum light intensity of pixels in a second region of the image;
receiving color effect parameters of the makeup or skin effect;
correcting the color effect parameters through a non-linear transformation accounting for the light intensity estimation and the minimum light field estimate to generate a light field corrected makeup or skin effect;
rendering the light field corrected makeup or skin effect on the surface region to generate a corrected image; and
displaying the corrected image; and
wherein correcting the color effect parameters comprises:
applying a non-linear light field transformation to an intensity parameter of the color effect parameters, using a scaled value to determine an adjusted value of an original value of the intensity parameter;
applying a non-linear light field transformation responsive to the light intensity estimation, the minimum light field estimation and the adjusted value to determine a new value to use for the intensity parameter; and
applying a saturation correction to a saturation parameter of the color effect parameters, where the saturation correction is a non-linear transformation responsive to the minimum light field estimation.

US Pat. No. 10,430,970

DETECTION AND RECALIBRATION FOR A CAMERA SYSTEM USING LIDAR DATA

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A computer implemented method of calibrating a camera system of an autonomous vehicle, comprising:identifying, by a processor, a planar object from sensor data generated by a sensor of the autonomous vehicle while the autonomous vehicle is operating;
identifying, by the processor, a grid-like pattern presented by the planar object based on gradient values computed from the sensor data;
selecting, by the processor, planar points from the pattern of the planar object; and
calibrating, by the processor, the camera system, while the autonomous vehicle is operating, based on the planar points.

US Pat. No. 10,430,968

VEHICLE LOCALIZATION USING CAMERAS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method for localizing a vehicle, the method comprising:obtaining an image of an environment of the vehicle;
segmenting a ground plane from the image to determine segmented ground plane pixels, wherein the segmenting comprises applying random sample consensus and determining a set of points in the image for the ground plane;
generating a top-down view of the ground plane by projecting the segmented ground plane pixels to approximate a view of a camera facing downward from the vehicle;
comparing the top-down view with a map, the map comprising a top-down light detection and ranging (LIDAR) intensity map or a vector-based semantic map; and
determining a location of the vehicle on the map based on the comparison of the top-down view of the ground plane and the map.

US Pat. No. 10,430,952

FOREGROUND-BACKGROUND DIFFERENTIATION IN A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for determining a pose of a camera movably arranged in or on a vehicle the method comprising the acts of:capturing, by the camera, a sequence of scenes, including a first scene;
determining, by a processor coupled to the camera, a foreground region of the first scene from the sequence of scenes by
determining an optical flow of the first scene on the basis of the sequence of scenes,
determining statistical variables of the optical flow in different portions of the first scene,
determining, on the basis of the statistical variables, a separating line between a foreground region and a background region of the first scene, wherein determining the separating line comprises determining, on the basis of statistical variables, an indicator for whether the optical flow in the background region is attributable to a movement of the vehicle;
detecting, by the processor, a reference point in the foreground region of the first scene; and
determining, by the processor, a pose of the camera on the basis of the detected reference point.

US Pat. No. 10,430,945

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COLOR DECONVOLUTION

Ventana Medical Systems, ...

1. An image unmixing method, comprising:receiving an image of a biological specimen stained with one or more stains, wherein said image includes a plurality of pixels;
converting an intensity value of each pixel in the plurality of pixels in the image to an optical density value and generating a set of optical density values;
obtaining reference color data (A) for the one or more stains;
determining pixel pairing combinations from the plurality of pixels, wherein a pixel pairing combination is a grouping of two pixels;
generating neighbor data for each pixel pairing combination, said generating neighbor data step comprising determining whether the two pixels of the pixel pairing combination are neighbors, wherein the two pixels are neighbors when the two pixels are less than or equal to a predetermined distance from each other; and
using the reference color data, the set of optical density values, and the neighbor data, simultaneously unmixing each pixel in the plurality of pixels and determining a weight of each of the one or more stains for each pixel in the plurality of pixels by solving a single equation.

US Pat. No. 10,430,931

HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE PROCESSING

GVBB HOLDINGS S.A.R.L., ...

1. An image processor for generating an enhanced image for display on a display device with adjusted contrast, the image processor comprising:an imaging apparatus configured to generate image data of a captured image;
an imaging sensitivity determiner configured to determine at least one imaging sensitivity value of a display device based on a input value of the display device that provides a predetermined output luminance at the display device;
an image converter configured to convert the generated image data of the captured image from a linear domain to a logarithmic domain;
a luminance adjustment selector configured to compare a subset of the converted image data with the determined at least one imaging sensitivity of the display device to select at least one luminance adjustment modifier configured to set a desired luminance level for the captured image when displayed on the display device;
a gamma contrast curve selector configured to select, based on the selected at least one luminance adjustment modifier, at least one gamma low contrast curve when a luminance value of the subset of the converted image data is less than the at least one imaging sensitivity and at least one gamma high contrast curve when the luminance value of the subset of the converted image data is greater than the at least one imaging sensitivity;
an image enhancer configured to correct the converted image data of the captured image by applying the selected at least one gamma high contrast curve or the selected at least one gamma low contrast curve to the converted image data to enhance the captured image by adjusting a contrast of the converted image data based on the applied contrast curve; and
an image display configured to display the enhanced captured image on the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,430,929

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING A DATA STRUCTURE

CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG K...

1. A method for processing a data structure, comprising the step of:providing an incomplete data structure arranged to represent source information, wherein the incomplete data structure is a low-rank matrix containing a plurality of data elements;
processing the incomplete data structure to determine at least one estimated data element of an output data structure;
transforming the source information to output information associated with the output data structure based on a combination of the incomplete data structure and the at least one estimated data element; andwherein the step of processing the incomplete data structure includes factorizing the low-rank matrix and processing -norm minimization of residual with 0

US Pat. No. 10,430,925

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND PROGRAM FOR SYNTHESIZING PANORAMIC IMAGE

OPTIM CORPORATION, Saga-...

1. A system for synthesizing a panoramic image, comprising:a processor that:
combines images taken by a plurality of cameras and produces a panoramic image;
analyzes an object contained in the synthesized panoramic image; and
displays the result of the image analysis on a display device,
wherein the processor produces the panoramic image adjusted to the image that has the most pixels among the images taken by the plurality of cameras.

US Pat. No. 10,430,922

METHODS AND SOFTWARE FOR GENERATING A DERIVED 3D OBJECT MODEL FROM A SINGLE 2D IMAGE

Carnegie Mellon Universit...

1. A method of generating a derived 3D object model of an object from an input 2D image containing at least a portion of the object, the method comprising:receiving the input image and storing the input image in computer memory;
receiving a plurality of 2D landmark points on the object within the input 2D image;
executing an estimation algorithm to compute an estimated camera projection matrix for the input 2D image, wherein the estimation algorithm uses an existing 3D object model and is configured to minimize an average reprojection error;
generating a set of derived 3D landmark points by:
executing a camera center algorithm that computes a camera center from the estimated camera projection matrix; and
executing a 3D landmark algorithm that computes, for each of the plurality of 2D landmark points, a corresponding derived 3D landmark point;
warping the existing 3D object model using at least the derived 3D landmark points to generate the derived 3D object model; and
storing the derived 3D object model in the computer memory.

US Pat. No. 10,430,917

INPUT MODE RECOGNITION

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

9. A computing device for input type recognition, the computing device comprising:a display device having a touch screen that receives a touch based input;
a memory device storing executable instructions;
a processor in communication with the display device and the memory device, wherein execution of the executable instructions causes the processor to function as:
an application that includes a graphical user interface (GUI) having a first configuration of user interface elements for use with the touch based input and a second configuration of the user interface elements for use with a hardware based input; and
a user interface manager operating in conjunction with the application that is configured to perform:
determining whether the computing device is docked or undocked;
when it is determined that the computing device is undocked, placing the computing device in an undocked mode, wherein in the undocked mode the first configuration of the user interface elements of the GUI, being displayed on the display device, are optimized for the touch based input that occurs via an user interaction with the display device; and
when it is determined that the computing device is docked, placing the computing device in a docked mode, wherein in the docked mode the second configuration of the user interface elements of the GUI, being displayed on the display device, are optimized for an input other than the touch based input that occurs via the user interaction with the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,430,914

MULTI-USER MULTI-GPU RENDER SERVER APPARATUS AND METHODS

PME IP PTY LTD, Richmond...

1. A method for rendering images comprising:A) executing a render server program on a server digital data processor;
B) responding to a first interactive render request from a first client digital data processor in communication with the server digital data processor in selecting a data set, where the data set comprises a data volume made up of a plurality of two dimensional (2D) slices;
C) responding to a second interactive render request for a first rendered image of the data set at a first viewing direction and a first resolution from the first client digital data processor in communication with the server digital data processor by performing tasks C)(i) to C)(iii) in order comprising:
(i) dividing the data volume into a plurality of sub volumes;
(ii) executing one or more first render commands at a full resolution of the plurality of sub volumes, where the one or more first render commands comprise a volume rendering to generate a plurality of three dimensional (3D) image data volumes, where the one or more first render commands are processed independently such that processing of a contemporaneous interactive render request from a second client digital data processor in communication with the server digital data processor is undertaken by switching between rendering the first interactive render request interleaved in an alternating fashion with the contemporaneous interactive render request; and
(iii) combining the plurality of 3D image data volumes to generate a first digital 3D image View;
D) further responding to the second interactive render request from the first client digital data processor in communication with the server digital data processor by performing tasks D(i) to D(ii) in order comprising:
(i) generating a second digital 3D image View from the first digital 3D image View at the first viewing direction and the first resolution; and
(ii) sending the second digital 3D image View to the first client digital data processor;
E) storing the first digital 3D image View in a cache;
F) responding to a third interactive render request for a second rendered image of the data set at a second viewing direction and a second resolution from the first client digital data processor in communication with the server digital data processor, where the second resolution is greater than the first resolution, where the second viewing direction is equal to the first viewing direction, where the third interactive render request is a panning of the second digital 3D image View, by generating a third digital 3D image View from the first digital 3D image View stored in the cache containing at least that part of the second digital 3D image View corresponding to the second rendered image at the first viewing direction and the second resolution;
G) further responding to the third interactive render request from the first client digital data processor in communication with the server digital data processor by performing tasks G(i) to G(iii) in order comprising:
(i) generating a delta corresponding to the second rendered image not composed within the first rendered image;
(ii) executing one or more second render commands, where the one or more second render commands comprise a volume rendering to generate a 3D image of the delta at the second resolution; and
(iii) generating a fourth digital 3D image View comprising combining the third digital 3D image View generated in step F) and the 3D image of the delta generated in step G)(ii) based on panning at the first viewing direction at the second resolution; and
H) sending the fourth digital 3D image View to the first client digital data processor.

US Pat. No. 10,430,907

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROCESSING RECORDED DATA FOR STORAGE USING COMPUTER-AIDED DISPATCH INFORMATION

TASER International, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method of processing recorded data for storage, the method performed by an auditable device, the method comprising:storing a set of recorded data within a data store of the auditable device;
receiving information from a computer-aided dispatch system indicating at least one event, the at least one event includes an event start time and an event stop time;
marking at least one subset of the set of recorded data based on the at least one event received from the computer-aided dispatch system; and
uploading the marked at least one subset of the set of recorded data to an evidence management system, the marked at least one subset of the set of recorded data is less than all of the set of recorded data.

US Pat. No. 10,430,882

DISTRIBUTED DATA PROCESSING

Nasdaq, Inc., New York, ...

1. A computer system comprising:a front end interface configured for data communications over a network;
one or more hardware processors, wherein the one or more hardware processors are configured to implement multiple distributed data processors, wherein the multiple distributed data processors are in communication with the front end interface, and wherein the multiple distributed data processors include a first distributed data processor and a second distributed data processor; and
an information bus in communication with the multiple distributed data processors and to multiple independent consumer modules;
wherein the first distributed data processor is configured to perform operations related to a first security, the operations related to the first security including:
receiving data order messages for the first security;
processing the received data order messages for the first security;
maintaining, in first random access memory, a first order book that stores outstanding orders for the first security; and
wherein the second distributed data processor is configured to perform operations related to a second security that is different from the first security, the operations related to the second security including:
receiving data order messages for the second security;
processing the received data order messages for the second security; and
maintaining, in second random access memory, a second order book that stores outstanding orders for the second security;
wherein the processing by the first distributed data processor of the received data order messages for the first security includes executing a matching process;
wherein the matching process is the only process in the first distributed data processor permitted to access the first order book in the first random access memory; and
wherein one or more other processes are permitted to access the received data order messages for the first security.

US Pat. No. 10,430,879

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRADES PRICED RELATIVE TO A REFERENCE BENCHMARK VALUE ASSOCIATED WITH AN UNDERLYING INDEX FUTURE

NYSE MKT LLC, New York, ...

1. A system for efficient data retrieval, comprising:a computer processor;
a communication device that receives an indication of a trade in a first time zone that is to be priced relative to a reference benchmark value associated with multiple time zones, the indication including information associated with the trade and the trade having a basis that is determined at least one day prior to a determination of a final price and quantity of the trade, and that transmits the indication to the computer processor; and
a memory, coupled to the computer processor, storing an interactive application for execution by the computer processor,
wherein the interactive application causes the computer processor to execute specialized program instructions to:
retrieve components of the reference benchmark value associated with the multiple time zones from at least one external data source via an electronic network, wherein each of said components are retrieved according to a specific time associated with a respective one of the multiple time zones, said specific time differing from a closing time of the first time zone;
generate a trade identifier and link the trade identifier with the information associated with the trade, said trade identifier comprising a unique alphanumeric code;
map the trade identifier and the information associated with the trade to predefined fields in a data table;
store the trade identifier and the linked information associated with the trade in the data table until a last of the components of the reference benchmark value associated with the multiple time zones is available, thereby delaying execution of said trade;
upon determining that the last of the components of the reference benchmark value is available, automatically retrieve said last component and determine the reference benchmark value based on all of said components of the reference benchmark value associated with the multiple time zones;
determine the final price and the quantity for the trade based on the automatically determined reference benchmark value associated with the multiple time zones;
retrieve at least a portion of the information associated with the trade by searching for the trade identifier in a predefined field among the predefined fields of the data table, such that retrieval of the trade identifier also retrieves the at least portion of information that is linked to said trade identifier; and
assign the final price and the quantity of the trade to the at least portion of information retrieved from the data table to create an executable trade.

US Pat. No. 10,430,868

CONTENT PURCHASES AND RIGHTS STORAGE AND ENTITLEMENTS

COX COMMUNICATIONS, INC.,...

17. A system for maintaining and allowing access to purchased and rented media content, the system comprising:a media provider server having a processing system, a network interface configured to communicate with a plurality of network-connected devices, and a memory for storing a plurality of media content, a media contents account, and instructions that, when executed by the processing system, cause the media provider server to:
register one or more network-connected devices with the media contents account by automatically capturing a unique identification of the one or more network connected devices upon accessing the media contents account;
receive a request to purchase or rent media content over a first platform, the first platform accessing the media content via a first network;
associate the media content with the media contents account;
provide asset identification and entitlement data associated with the media content, the entitlement data identifying the one or more network-connected devices that are authorized to access the media content associated with the asset identification;
store the asset identification and entitlement data associated with the purchased or rented media content in the media contents account such that the media content purchased or rented over the first platform is available from a second platform, the second platform accessing the media content via a second network, the first network and the second network are each selected from a hybrid fiber-coaxial network or a wireless network, and the second network is different from the first network;
manage network-connected device registration information, asset identification, and entitlement data to enable access to purchased and rented media content from a registered network-connected device;
provide an on demand menu on the second platform, the on demand menu having media content available to view, purchase, or rent from a plurality of content providers;
determine whether any of the media content available in the on demand menu match any of the media content associated with the media contents account;
indicate the matched media content in the on demand menu as available over the second platform via the media contents account according to the stored asset identification and entitlement data; and
when the media content becomes no longer available in the on demand menu:
permit continued access to the media content over the second platform by streaming the media content to an authorized device from which the request was sent according to the stored asset identification and entitlement data.

US Pat. No. 10,430,855

SYSTEM, AND METHODS FOR INTERACTION WITH A RETAIL ENVIRONMENT

Hussmann Corporation, Br...

1. A retail system configured to provide interaction between a user and product supported in a retail environment, the retail system comprising:a plurality of merchandisers each defining a product display area in which product is supported, each merchandiser including one or more light sources positioned to illuminate the product;
an access device including a processing system operable to select a light characteristic associated with the light sources in response to user input, the access device having a user interface for selection of a desired product, and the access device programmed to generate one or more signals indicative of the selected light characteristic and the desired product; and
a controller in communication with the light sources and the access device,
wherein, in response to the one or more signals indicative of the selected light characteristic and the desired product, the controller is programmed to control at least one of the light sources associated with the desired product to illuminate at least partially based on the light characteristic to identify a location of the desired product to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,430,851

PERIPHERAL DEVICE CUSTOMIZATION

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A computing system for managing product customization, comprising:instructions stored in memory and executable by a processor to:
receive, for each of a plurality of parts of a 3D product, a color selection input specifying a color selected by a user for that part;
responsive to receiving the color selection inputs,
display a rendered model of the 3D product with the selected colors specified by each of the color selection inputs in a graphical user interface;
automatically generate a 3D product search query based on the color selection inputs;
apply the 3D product search query to a database of alternately-colored versions of the 3D product;
return a 3D product search result identifying at least one alternately-colored version of the 3D product based on the 3D product search query, the at least one alternately-colored version of the 3D product having a correlation above a correlation threshold with the color selection inputs for the 3D product; and
display a rendered model of the at least one alternately-colored version of the 3D product in the graphical user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,430,849

PROPAGATION OF CUSTOMER PREFERENCES

SQUARE, INC., San Franci...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at a payment service and from a first merchant point of sale (POS) device of a first merchant, a first request to authorize a payment instrument of a user for a cost of a first transaction between the user and the first merchant, the first request indicating at least payment information associated with the payment instrument and order information pertaining to the first transaction, the order information including a first item customization preference of the user customizing an item acquired by the user in the first transaction;
attempting to authorize the payment instrument for the cost of the first transaction;
identifying, using the payment information, a profile of the user at the payment service;
identifying, from the order information, the first item customization preference;
storing the first item customization preference of the user in the profile of the user at the payment service along with at least a second item customization preference of the user;
receiving, from a second merchant POS device of a second merchant and after storing the first item customization preference, a second request to authorize the payment instrument for a cost of a second transaction between the user and the second merchant, the second request indicating at least the payment information and identifying a second item to be acquired by the user in the second transaction;
identifying the profile of the user at the payment service using the payment information in response to receipt of the second request;
ranking a plurality of item customization preferences according to pertinence to the second merchant, wherein the plurality of item customization preferences include the first item customization preference amd the second item customization preference;
identifying one or more most pertinent item preferences of the plurality of item customization preferences based on the ranking of the plurality of item customization preferences according to pertinence to the second merchant, wherein the one or more most pertinent item preferences include the first item customization preference;
sending the one or more most pertinent item preferences to the second merchant POS device of the second merchant in response to identifying the one or more most pertinent item preferences of the plurality of item customization preferences, thereby sending the first item customization preference to the second merchant POS device without sending the second item customization preference to the second merchant POS device; and
attempting to authorize the payment instrument for the cost of the second transaction after sending the one or more most pertinent item preferences to the second merchant POS device, wherein the second transaction includes acquisition by the user of the second item customized according to the first item customization preference.

US Pat. No. 10,430,845

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATED PURCHASE REQUESTS

ADVENTIVE, INC., Rochest...

1. A method for facilitating automated product procurement according to established authorization level data, the method comprising:receiving by a processor of an application provider apparatus a purchase request to purchase at least one product, the purchase request submitted by a specified user within a group of users in a business enterprise and via a shopping cart of a Website, wherein the shopping cart includes transaction detail data comprising the purchase request;
determining and providing by the processor of the application provider apparatus payment option data comprising one or more of a plurality of payment options available for use by the specified user based on an established authority of the specified user;
receiving by the processor of the application provider apparatus a selection of one of the one or more provided payment options from the specified user;
determining by the processor of the application provider apparatus the submitted purchase request does not comply with stipulated approval level data for the specified user based at least in part on at least a portion of the transaction detail data, without user intervention, wherein the stipulated approval level data comprises a level of purchasing authority of the specified user based on designation data for the specified user comprising a designation of the user within the business enterprise, the level of purchasing authority comprising a maximum allowable number of purchase requests for the specified user within a specified time period;
and
denying by the processor of the application provider apparatus the submitted purchase request and transferring the transaction detail data comprising the purchase request from the shopping cart to a computing device associated with another of the group of users having associated authority data indicating an authority to submit the purchase request within the specified time period based on an obtained number of purchase requests previously-submitted by the other of the group of users within the specified time period.

US Pat. No. 10,430,837

DISPLAY REGION ALLOCATION USING CATEGORY-BASED CONTEXTUAL TECHNIQUES

PAYPAL, INC., San Jose, ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, at a computer system from a user, a search query entered by the user via an input interface displayed on a user device;
causing allocation, by the computer system in response to the search query, of a first display region of the user device for displaying a combination of variable revenue ads and fixed price ads, the first display region including a first display portion allocated for display of only variable revenue ads and a second display portion allocated for display of only fixed price ads;
in response to a determination that there are not enough fixed price ads in a paid inventory of fixed price ads to fill positions allocated for fixed price ads in the first display region, the computer system moving at least one variable revenue ad into a position in the first display region that would otherwise be occupied by a fixed price ad, wherein the at least one variable revenue ad is selected to occupy the position based at least in part on a number of clicks associated with the at least one variable revenue ad;
causing display, by the computer system, of the first display region on the user device, including the first display portion including only variable revenue ads and the second display portion including only fixed price ads;
receiving a selection of one of the variable revenue ads or one of the fixed price ads; and
causing a view item page to be presented on the user device, the view item page being associated with the selected one of the variable revenue ads or one of the fixed price ads, the view item page being a different page than a first page, the view item page including a link to a merchant website that is associated with the selected one of the variable revenue ads or the one of the fixed price ads.

US Pat. No. 10,430,835

METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND MEDIA FOR LANGUAGE IDENTIFICATION OF A MEDIA CONTENT ITEM BASED ON COMMENTS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method for language identification of media content, the method comprising:obtaining a plurality of comments associated with a media content item;
selecting a subset of the plurality of comments based on one or more criteria;
assigning, for each comment in the subset of the plurality of comments, a representation of language probabilities, wherein each component of the representation is assigned a language probability that indicates the likelihood that the comment includes content in a language from a plurality of languages;
combining the representation of language probabilities for each comment in the subset of the plurality of comments to generate a combined language representation;
identifying a language associated with the media content item based on the combined language representation; and
performing an action based on the identified language that includes determining that a second media content item to be presented has a language identifier that is different than the identified language and presenting subtitle information during the presentation of the second media content item, wherein the subtitle information is in the identified language.

US Pat. No. 10,430,825

RECOMMENDING ADVERTISEMENTS USING RANKING FUNCTIONS

Adobe Inc., San Jose, CA...

1. In a digital medium environment to recommend one of a plurality of digital content items for a user in order to increase a likelihood of user interaction with the recommended digital content item, a method implemented by at least one computing device comprising:obtaining user data, by the at least one computing device, that provides a user context vector of the user responsive to navigation by a user device of the user to a web page;
for each of the plurality of digital content items, generating, by the at least one computing device, a score using a respective ranking function for a respective digital content item that computes a dot product of the user context vector and ranking weight vectors of the respective digital content item of the plurality of digital content items, the ranking weight vectors for each respective ranking function learned by a training module that obtains training data describing previous positive user interactions and negative user interactions with the plurality of digital content items and learns the ranking weight vectors by controlling scores of the positive user interactions to be higher than the negative user interactions by optimizing an area under the curve ranking loss (AUCL) function for each respective ranking function;
generating, by the at least one computing device, normalized scores by shifting the generated scores for the digital content items using a threshold score;
generating a ranked list of the digital content items by sorting the digital content items in descending order based on the normalized scores of the digital content items;
selecting, by the at least one computing device, a digital content item from the ranked list of the digital content items that is associated with a highest normalized score;
communicating, over a network, the selected digital content item with the highest normalized score to the user device of the user for display within the web page;
receiving user feedback indicating whether the user interacted with the selected digital content item; and
updating the ranking weight vectors associated with the selected digital content item based on the user feedback.