US Pat. No. 10,712,481

FABRICATING OF DIFFRACTION GRATING BY ION BEAM ETCHING

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A method for fabricating a diffraction grating, the method comprising:generating an ionized gas;
passing the ionized gas through a gating structure to selectively direct the ionized gas toward a substrate;
injecting an etchant gas into the directed gas, the etchant gas different from the directed gas; and
exposing a surface of the substrate to the directed gas and the injected etchant gas to form grating structures on the surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,712,479

WAVELENGTH MULTIPLEXING DEVICE

Institute for Basic Scien...

1. A wavelength multiplexing device comprising:a two-dimensional material layer made of a semiconductor material, which is electrically grounded;
an elongate metal nano-structure having first and second opposing longitudinal ends, wherein the first and second longitudinal ends thereof are spaced from the two-dimensional material layer, and the elongate metal nano-structure is partially disposed on the two-dimensional material layer;
a light source configured to irradiate a first light with a first wavelength onto the first longitudinal end region of the metal nano-structure;
a semiconductor substrate having an insulating film formed thereon, wherein the two-dimensional material layer is disposed on the insulating film; and
a voltage applicator configured to apply a voltage to the semiconductor substrate,
wherein when the first light is irradiated on the first longitudinal end region of the metal nano-structure, surface plasmon polaritons are generated in the first longitudinal end region, wherein the surface plasmon polaritons and the first light are coupled with each other to form first coupled surface plasmon polaritons, wherein the first coupled surface plasmon polaritons propagate along and on a surface of the metal nano-structure,
wherein when the first coupled surface plasmon polaritons reach the two-dimensional material layer, excitons are induced in the two-dimensional material layer, wherein the induced excitons and the first coupled surface plasmon polaritons are coupled with each other to form second coupled surface plasmon polaritons, wherein the second coupled surface plasmon polaritons propagate along and on a surface of the metal nano-structure toward the second longitudinal end thereof,
wherein the voltage applicator is configured to adjust an amount of the induced excitons by the voltage applied to the semiconductor substrate, and
wherein the second coupled surface plasmon polaritons are decoupled at the second longitudinal end of the metal nano-structure into a second light with a second wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,712,477

LENS STRUCTURE FORMED BY MATERIALS IN DIFFERENT REFRACTIVE INDEXES

CONCRAFT HOLDING CO., LTD...

1. A lens structure formed by materials in different refractive indexes, comprising a sphere, a first lens and a separation layer, wherein the sphere is transparent, is provided with a first refractive index, and is a round ball formed by a first portion and a second portion which is connected with the first portion, with that the second portion is equipped with a first light condensing effect; the first lens is transparent and is provided with a second refractive index which is different from the first refractive index of the sphere, with that the first lens is formed on the first portion of the sphere, the second portion of the sphere is protruded out of the first lens, and the first lens is provided with a first light absorption curve opposite to the first portion of the sphere; and the separation layer is disposed between the first portion of the sphere and the first lens, and is provided with a transparent section opposite to the first light absorption curve and a non-transparent section which is formed at a periphery of the transparent section, with that when a light beam passes through the second portion of the sphere to form the first light condensing effect and then enter the sphere, the light beam passes through the transparent section to enter the first lens, and then passes through the first light absorption curve to form a second light condensing effect.

US Pat. No. 10,712,476

GAS BARRIER FILM AND WAVELENGTH CONVERSION FILM

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A gas barrier film with a light diffusion layer comprising:a support;
a combination of an inorganic layer and an organic layer which is an underlying base of the inorganic layer on a first surface of the support; and
a light diffusion layer that is on a second surface of the support opposite to the first surface side and contains a binder in which a light diffusion agent is dispersed,
wherein the binder contains
a first component which is a graft copolymer having an acryl polymer as a main chain and at least one of an acryloyl group-terminated urethane polymer or an acryloyl group-terminated urethane oligomer as a side chain,
a second component having an acryl polymer as a main chain and methacrylate as a side chain, and
a third component which is a graft copolymer having an acryl polymer as a main chain and at least one of a polycarbonate group-terminated urethane polymer or a polycarbonate group-terminated urethane oligomer as a side chain, and
the light diffusion agent is silicone resin particles.

US Pat. No. 10,712,475

MULTI-LAYER THIN FILM STACK FOR DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL ELEMENTS

Lumentum Operations LLC, ...

1. An optical element, comprising:a substrate;
a first anti-reflectance structure for a particular wavelength range formed on the substrate;
at least one layer disposed on a fractional portion of the first anti-reflectance structure; and
a second anti-reflectance structure for the particular wavelength range formed on the at least one layer,
wherein a depth between a first surface of the first anti-reflectance structure and a second surface of the second anti-reflectance structure, a first index of refraction of the first anti-reflectance structure, a second index of refraction of the second anti-reflectance structure, and a third index of refraction of the at least one layer are selected to form a diffractive optical element associated with a particular phase delay for a particular wavelength included in the particular wavelength range,
wherein the second index of refraction is different from the third index of refraction, and
wherein the first anti-reflectance structure includes two or more layers with a corresponding index of refraction that is different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,712,474

HIGH REFRACTIVE INDEX, HIGH ABBE NUMBER INTRAOCULAR LENS MATERIALS

Alcon Inc., Fribourg (CH...

1. A polymeric ophthalmic device material made by polymerizing a mixture of monomers wherein the mixture comprises:a) a total of 70-90 wt. % of one or more cycloaliphatic acrylic monomers of formula (I)

wherein: A is H or CH3;
B is O, NR, or S;
D is O, S, or nothing;
E is CH3, CH2CH3, CH(CH3)2, C(CH3)3, CH2OH or H;
R is H, CH3, CH2CH3, or CH(CH3)2;
x is 1-4, provided that if x is >1, then not more than one CHE group has E?H;
y is 0-2; and
z is 0-4, provided that if D=nothing, then z?0.
b) a total of 5-25 wt. % of one or more hydrophilic monomers selected from the group consisting of: hydroxy(C2-C4 alkyl)methacrylates, glycerol methacrylate, and N-vinyl pyrrolidone; and
c) a copolymerizable cross-linking agent;
wherein the ophthalmic device material has a refractive index of 1.46-1.50 and an Abbe number greater than 47, a Tg<15° C., and an equilibrium water content of the polymerized ophthalmic device material is less than 4%.

US Pat. No. 10,712,472

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FORMING AND USING A SUBSURFACE MODEL IN HYDROCARBON OPERATIONS

ExxonMobil Upstresm Resea...

1. A method for generating and using a subsurface model for a subsurface region in hydrocarbon operations comprising:obtaining a global model representing a subsurface region;
simulating deformations of the global model to generate global deformation results;
obtaining one or more local models, wherein each of the one or more local models are associated with a subregion in the global model and wherein obtaining the each of the one or more local models comprises:
identifying a zone in the subsurface model for fracture characterization;
creating a multi-layer model for the identified zone;
applying macromechanical geological loads to the multi-layer model;
obtaining boundary conditions for each of the one or more local models based on the global deformation results;
simulating deformations of each of the one or more local models based on the macromechanical geological loads to generate local deformation results, wherein the local deformation results include fracture characterizations for the each of the one or more local models and wherein simulating the multi-layer model based on the macromechanical geological loads comprises performing one or more loading steps, wherein each loading step comprises:
(i) solving one or more conservation of linear momentum equations associated with the zone;
(ii) determining if the solution for the conservation of linear momentum equations for any of the mesh elements in the multi-layer model exceed a fracture initiation or propagation criterion;
(iii) if the solution for all of the mesh elements does not exceed the fracture initiation or propagation criterion, continue to step (v);
(iv) if the solution for any one of the mesh elements exceeds the fracture initiation or propagation criterion, the method further comprises:
a. selecting the mesh element associated with the solution that exceeds the fracture initiation or propagation criterion by the largest absolute value as the mesh element to fracture;
b. determining a fracture surface direction in the mesh element to be fractured based on fracture growth direction criteria;
c. calculating one or more level set values based on the fracture surface direction;
d. determining sub regions for the mesh element based on the one or more level set values; and
e. repeating to step (i) using the determined sub regions to represent the mesh element; and
(v) storing the fracture characterization results for the loading step; and
outputting one of the local deformation results, the global deformation results, and any combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,712,447

WIRELESS DEVICE HAVING LOW SUSCEPTIBILITY TO STATIC ELECTRICITY

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A wireless device comprising:a circuit board;
a communicator disposed on the circuit board;
a casing accommodating the circuit board and the communicator and having a through-hole in a side face;
an antenna element disposed on the exterior of the casing;
a feeder extending through the through-hole in the casing and feeding electrical power from the communicator to the antenna element at a predetermined feeding position; and
a ground terminal extending through the through-hole in the casing and electrically connecting the circuit board to the antenna element at a ground position of the antenna element at a predetermined distance from the feeding position.

US Pat. No. 10,712,445

METHOD FOR DETECTING AT LEAST ONE PARKING SPACE FOR A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method comprising:sensing objects in an environment of the vehicle using at least one sensor of the vehicle, the driving-environment sensor transmitting signals that the objects reflects as echo signals received by the at least one sensor;
identifying parking-space-delimiting objects of the sensed objects by evaluating the echo signals, wherein the evaluating includes classifying the parking-space-delimiting objects through characteristic structures of the echo signals;
based on the classification of the parking-space-delimiting objects, determining a quality of a parking space defined by the parking-space-delimiting objects; and
recognizing the parking space as a possible parking space for the vehicle responsive to the quality of the parking space being at least a threshold value,
wherein the characteristic structures of the echo signals include hyperbolic structures obtained by plotting a position of the at least one sensor at a time of the sensing relative to an object distance determined from a propagation time of the echo signals, wherein the hyperbolic structures are used to classify the parking-space-delimiting objects.

US Pat. No. 10,712,436

WIRELESS FISH FINDER SENSOR HOLDER

1. An apparatus, comprising:a sensor holder, adapted to float with a bobbing action when partially submerged in a liquid while maintaining an air pocket within a first open holder end, and, configured with a liquid-tight seal adapted to removably retain an electronic sensor within a second holder end when the second holder end is submerged in the liquid; and,
a float rod, slidably retained by the sensor holder and, adapted to allow the sensor holder when partially immersed in liquid to float with a substantially vertical bobbing action along the longitudinal axis of the rod as the liquid level varies, maintaining the air pocket within the first open holder end while the second holder end is submerged in the liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,712,430

OPTICAL SYSTEM OF LASER SCANNER AND SURVEYING INSTRUMENT

TOPCON Corporation, Toky...

1. An optical system of a laser scanner comprising: a light projecting system for projecting a distance measuring light, a scanning mirror for rotatably irradiating said distance measuring light from said light projecting system around a single axis and for making a reflected distance measuring light from an object to be measured enter a light receiving system, a transmission window for accommodating said scanning mirror and through which said distance measuring light and said reflected distance measuring light are transmitted, a correction optical component which is provided on an irradiating optical path of said distance measuring light and is provided at a position where an optical action of said transmission window is offset, and a reference mirror which is provided at a position not affecting an acquisition of point cloud data and confronts said scanning mirror,wherein said transmission window is formed by a cylindrical curved surface or a conical curved surface and has an optical action for diffusing a luminous flux in a circumferential direction of the curved surface,
and said correction optical component has an optical action for converging the luminous flux in said diffusing direction or for diffusing the luminous flux in a direction orthogonal to said diffusing direction,
and wherein said scanning mirror rotates over a total circumference around a horizontal axis and deflects said distance measuring light from said light projecting system at a right angle with respect to said horizontal axis,
and said scanning mirror makes said distance measuring light reflected by said reference mirror enter said light receiving system as an internal reference light.

US Pat. No. 10,712,421

MRI APPARATUS WITH RF CORRECTED EACH TR INTERVAL

TOSHIBA MEDICAL SYSTEMS C...

1. An MRI apparatus comprising:a generating unit configured to generate radio frequency (RF) pulses according to a pulse sequence, the pulse sequence including a repeating series for each of plural repetition time (TR) intervals;
a sequence control unit configured to apply an imaging RF pulse acquiring an imaging signal and a corrective RF pulse for correction following the imaging RF pulse during each TR interval of the pulse sequence thereby applying plural sets of RF pulses, each set including an imaging RF pulse and a corrective RF pulse, during each of the plural TR intervals of the pulse sequence;
a wave detector configured to detect the corrective RF pulse during each of the plural TR intervals; and
a calculation unit configured to calculate a correction value based on the detected corrective RF pulse during each TR interval,
wherein the generating unit is configured to correct an imaging RF pulse to be applied during a second and subsequent TR intervals of the plural TR intervals based on the correction value detected during earlier TR intervals in the pulse sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,712,412

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STIMULATED ECHO BASED MAPPING (STEM) USING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI)

Wisconsin Alumni Research...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system comprising:a magnet system configured to generate a polarizing magnetic field about at least a portion of a subject arranged in the MRI system;
a plurality of gradient coils configured to apply a gradient field to the polarizing magnetic field;
a radio frequency (RF) system configured to apply an excitation field to the subject and acquire MR image data from the subject;
a computer system programmed to generate a plurality of differently-weighted images of a subject by:
selecting imaging parameters for a pulse sequence that includes a diffusion weighted module and an anatomical imaging module, wherein the imaging parameters include at least a repetition time (TR), a mixing time (TM), an echo time (TE), and a diffusion weighting b-value, wherein the imaging parameters include at least two different values of at least TM, TE, and diffusing weighting b-value;
controlling the plurality of gradient coils and RF system to perform the pulse sequence using the imaging parameters to acquire the MR image data from the subject, wherein the at least two different values of at least TM, TE, and diffusing weighting b-value are used to acquire the MR image data;
reconstructing, from the MR image data, a plurality of images of the subject, including at least a T1-weighted image, a T2-weighted image, and a diffusion-weighted image; and
a display configured to display the T1-weighted image, the T2-weighted image, and the diffusion-weighted image.

US Pat. No. 10,712,411

BULK MAGNET STRUCTURE AND BULK MAGNET SYSTEM FOR NMR

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. A bulk magnet structure comprisinga plurality of oxide superconducting bulk bodies arranged such that their central axes are on the same line, and
at least one outer circumferential reinforcing ring fitted to cover the outer circumferential surfaces of the plurality of oxide superconducting bulk bodies,
wherein the plurality of oxide superconducting bulk bodies comprise at least a columnar oxide superconducting bulk body or a ring-shaped oxide superconducting body,
wherein at least one pair of adjacent oxide superconducting bulk bodies are spaced apart from each other in the central axis direction and the bulk magnet structure has a space inside thereof through which the central axis passes, and
wherein the space penetrates from a portion of a lateral circumferential portion of the bulk magnet structure to another portion of the lateral circumferential portion, in a direction perpendicular to the central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,712,406

QUANTUM METROLOGY BASED ON STRONGLY CORRELATED MATTER

President and Fellows of ...

1. A method comprising:initializing an ensemble of quantum spins in an entangled state;
driving the ensemble of quantum spins in the entangled state with periodic electromagnetic pulses at a driving frequency while the ensemble of quantum spins is exposed to an external signal, wherein the driving frequency is tuned based on the frequency of the external signal to be measured;
reading out a state of the ensemble of quantum spins, wherein the state of the ensemble of quantum spins is indicative of the strength of the external signal.

US Pat. No. 10,712,403

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR AND ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT THAT PASS AMPLIFIER CURRENT THROUGH A MAGNETORESISTANCE ELEMENT

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. An electronic circuit coupled to receive a power supply voltage, comprising:a first magnetoresistance element having first and second terminals, each one of the first and second terminals directly coupled to the magnetoresistance element;
a first transistor having a control node, a first current passing node, and a second current passing node;
a first fixed voltage generating source having first and second nodes between which a first fixed voltage is generated, wherein the first fixed voltage does not change in response to a changing magnetic field, wherein the first terminal of the first magnetoresistance element is coupled to the first current passing node of the first transistor, wherein the control node of the first transistor receives the first fixed voltage, and the second node of the first fixed voltage generating source is coupled to the second terminal of the first magnetoresistance element, wherein the electronic circuit is operable to generate a first current signal at the second current passing node of the first transistor related to a resistance value of the first magnetoresistance element;
a first fixed resistor having a first fixed resistance that does not change in response to the changing magnetic field and having first and second terminals;
a second transistor having a control node, a first current passing node, and a second current passing node;
a second fixed voltage generating source having first and second nodes between which a second fixed voltage is generated, wherein the second fixed voltage does not change in response to the changing magnetic field; and
a first load coupled to the second current passing node of the first transistor, wherein the second current passing node of the first transistor is coupled to the second current passing node of the second transistor, wherein the first terminal of the first fixed resistor is coupled to the first current passing node of the second transistor, wherein the control node of the second transistor receives the second fixed voltage, and the second node of the second fixed voltage generating source is coupled to the second terminal of the first fixed resistor, wherein the electronic circuit is operable to generate a second current signal at the second current passing node of the second transistor related to a resistance value of the first fixed resistor, wherein a current passing through the first load is equal to a difference between the first current signal and the second current signal.

US Pat. No. 10,712,402

MULTIPLE ROW SENSING DEVICE FOR A TIRE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A sensor device for tire inspection that is removably positionable along an inner surface of a tire, the tire having a bead portion, the tire defining radial, axial, and circumferential directions, the device comprising:a body comprising an outermost inspection surface configured for placement along the inner surface of the tire;
an aperture defined by the outermost inspection surface; and
a plurality of sensors positioned within the aperture defined by the outermost inspection surface, the plurality of sensors arranged linearly along multiple rows that are adjacent to each other;
wherein each row of sensors has opposing ends displaced from each other along a longitudinal direction, and wherein the sensor device further comprises:
a magnet array arranged on the body so that the outer inspection surface and sensors are located between at least a portion of the magnet array and the tire when the sensor device is positioned for tire inspection, the magnet array comprising
a plurality of magnets having a first end and a second end, wherein at least a portion of the plurality of magnets are arranged into an arc of a circle and configured to partially surround the bead portion of the tire, the arc of the circle having a central angle ?, wherein 60 degrees???90 degrees; and
a terminal magnet having at least one end displaced along the longitudinal direction beyond one of the opposing ends of the sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,712,401

CONCAVE CAVITY FOR INTEGRATED MICROFABRICATED SENSOR

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A method, comprising:providing a cell body substrate having a first surface, and a second surface parallel to the first surface;
forming a first etch mask on the first surface of the cell body substrate, wherein the first etch mask exposes a first area on the first surface; and
forming a second etch mask on the second surface of the cell body substrate, wherein the second etch mask exposes a second area on the second surface;
removing material from the cell body substrate to form a cavity extending through the cell body substrate from the first area to the second area, wherein:
the cavity has cell body walls extending between the first surface and the second surface; and
the cell body walls have a concave profile defining the cavity, so that the cavity is wider in a central region than at the first surface and at the second surface;
attaching a first window substrate to the cell body substrate at the first surface, the first window substrate being exposed to the cavity;
disposing a solution comprising a sensor fluid material and a solvent into the cavity on the first window substrate;
removing substantially all of the solvent; and
attaching a second window substrate to the cell body substrate at the second surface, the second window substrate being exposed to the cavity,
wherein removing the material from the cell body substrate comprises a wet etch process which concurrently removes the material from the cell body substrate in the first area exposed by the first mask and removes the material from the cell body substrate in the second area exposed by the second mask; and
wherein the first etch mask comprises a first layer of silicon dioxide formed on the first surface of the cell body substrate, and further comprises a first layer of silicon nitride formed on the first layer of silicon dioxide, and the second etch mask comprises a second layer of silicon dioxide formed on the second surface of the cell body substrate, and further comprises a second layer of silicon nitride formed on the second layer of silicon dioxide, wherein the first layer of silicon dioxide and the second layer of silicon dioxide are formed concurrently, and the first layer of silicon nitride and the second layer of silicon nitride are formed concurrently.

US Pat. No. 10,712,399

MLU CELL FOR SENSING AN EXTERNAL MAGNETIC FIELD AND A MAGNETIC SENSOR DEVICE COMPRISING THE MLU CELL

1. A magnetic logic unit (MLU) cell for sensing an external magnetic field, comprising a magnetic tunnel junction including a sense layer having a sense magnetization adapted to be oriented by the external magnetic field; a reference layer having a reference magnetization; a reference antiferromagnetic layer pinning the reference magnetization at a low threshold temperature and freeing the reference magnetization at a high threshold temperature; and a tunnel barrier layer between the sense layer and the reference layer;a biasing layer having a biasing magnetization and a biasing antiferromagnetic layer pinning the biasing magnetization at the low threshold temperature such that the pinned biasing magnetization is oriented substantially parallel to the pinned reference magnetization, and freeing the biasing magnetization at the high threshold temperature;
a biasing coupling layer between the sense layer and the basing layer, the biasing coupling layer comprising a magnetic material of antiferromagnetic type and being configured for providing a magnetic coupling between the biasing layer and the sense layer such that the sense magnetization is oriented substantially perpendicular to the pinned biasing magnetization and to the pinned reference magnetization; and
the magnetic tunnel junction further comprising a non-magnetic spacer layer between the sense layer and the biasing coupling layer, the non-magnetic spacer layer comprising one of: Ta, Mg, Al, Ru, Cu, Pt, Pd, Hf, Cr, Nb, Zn or any alloy or oxide containing any one of these elements, and being configured for tuning a strength of magnetic coupling of the biasing coupling layer.

US Pat. No. 10,712,396

METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND DEVICES FOR MONITORING STATE-OF-HEALTH OF A BATTERY SYSTEM OPERATING OVER AN EXTENDED TEMPERATURE RANGE

NDSL, Inc., Raleigh, NC ...

1. A method implemented on at least one computing device for determining a battery cell state-of-health status within a non-climate controlled environment; the method comprising:receiving first measured temperature data associated with a first battery cell having a first battery cell electrolyte and a first battery thermal mass, wherein the first measured temperature data comprises:
a first temperature value recorded at a first location within the non-climate controlled environment, at a first time, and external to the first battery cell electrolyte; and
a second temperature value recorded at the first location at a second time, and external to the first battery cell electrolyte;
receiving first measured ohmic value data associated with the first battery cell and the first measured temperature data;
estimating a first battery cell electrolyte temperature value based on the first battery thermal mass, the first temperature value, and the second temperature value;
determining a first normalized ohmic value based at least partially on the first measured ohmic value data, a temperature coefficient, and a delta of the first battery cell electrolyte temperature value and a normalized temperature and; and
transmitting, to at least one of a graphical user interface (GUI) and a battery log, an indication of a state-of-health of the first battery cell based upon the first normalized ohmic value being greater than a normalized maximum ohmic value, wherein:
the normalized maximum ohmic value is indicative of an abnormal state-of-health of the first battery cell for the normalized temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,712,395

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING BATTERY STATE OF HEALTH

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A battery management system, comprising:a battery; and
an apparatus for detecting a battery state of health of the battery when the battery in an in-service state in which the battery is supplying power to a load,
wherein the apparatus for detecting the battery state of health comprises:
a detection circuit, configured to obtain a current value of the battery and a voltage value of the battery at a first time and obtain a current value of the battery and a voltage value of the battery at a second time, and further configured to obtain a battery temperature value;
a control circuit, configured to compare each of the current value at the first time and the current value at the second time to a preset threshold, and if the current value at the first time and the current value at the second time are both less than the preset threshold, select a second model algorithm to obtain the battery state of health, or if the current value at the first time and the current value at the second time are not both less than the preset threshold, select a first model algorithm to obtain the battery state of health, wherein a selection result of the control circuit comprises the first model algorithm or the second model algorithm; and
a data processing circuit, configured to:
calculate, according to the selection result of the control circuit and the current value and the voltage value at the first time, a battery open circuit voltage value and a battery state of charge value that are corresponding to the first time,
calculate, according to the selection result of the control circuit and the current value and the voltage value at the second time, a battery open circuit voltage value and a battery state of charge value that are corresponding to the second time,
calculate a first battery capacity difference that indicates a present battery retention capacity and a second battery capacity difference that indicates a future battery retention capacity, wherein the first battery capacity difference and the second battery capacity difference are based on the first time and the second time, and
calculate a battery state of health value according to the battery temperature value, the first battery capacity difference, and the second battery capacity difference.

US Pat. No. 10,712,392

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING STATE-OF-CHARGE USING TAFEL SLOPE

Charged Engineering Inc.,...

1. A method of determining state-of-charge in a battery comprising:measuring a first electrical potential Ux at a first current state Ix;
stepping electrical current to a second current state Iy;
waiting for the electrical potential of the second current state to substantially stabilize;
once the second current state is substantially stabilized, measuring a second electrical potential Uy corresponding to the second current state Iy;
determining ohmic resistance;
calculating Tafel slope (U?Tafel) of the battery by substituting obtained ohmic resistance, Ix, Iy, Ux, and Uy into a U?Tafel equation requiring ohmic resistance, Ix, Iy, Ux, and Uy, respectively; and
determining state-of-charge by comparing U?Tafel to a predetermined target value of Tafel slope that is characteristic of the battery at that state-of-charge.

US Pat. No. 10,712,389

SCAN CHAIN OPERATIONS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a device under test; and
scan control logic coupled to the device under test, the scan control logic comprising:
an interface to provide communication with a memory array; and
a state machine to determine a row of data stored in the memory array to be used as a scan vector,
wherein the device under test is configured to:
perform a scan chain operation on the scan vector responsive to receipt of a scan chain control signal, and
send a resultant output scan vector to a serializer/de-serializer coupled to the device under test, the scan control logic, and the memory array.

US Pat. No. 10,712,384

CIRCUIT INSPECTION METHOD AND SAMPLE INSPECTION APPARATUS

HITACHI HIGH-TECH CORPORA...

1. A circuit inspection method comprising:bringing at least one probe into contact with a sample;
scanning the sample with a charged particle beam while power is supplied via the at least one probe to a circuit formed between a plurality of conductors of the sample by a contact of the at least one probe;
measuring a change in a resistance value of a faulty point heated locally via the at least one probe;
absorbing, by the at least one probe, a charged particle beam irradiated on the sample;
forming a charged particle beam absorption image on a basis of the absorbed charged particle beam; and
displaying the charged particle beam absorption image.

US Pat. No. 10,712,380

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRO-STATIC DISCHARGE PATH DETECTION

Semiconductor Manufacturi...

1. A method for detecting an electro-static discharge (ESD) path, comprising:applying ESD pulses to a chip under test to drive the chip under test to release an ESD current;
when the chip under test releases the ESD current, detecting position information of photons emitted from the chip under test due to releasing of the ESD current;
acquiring an image of an ESD path based on the detected position information of the photons; and
determining whether the ESD path corresponding to the chip under test is normal based on the image of the ESD path and a layout image of the chip under test, wherein determining whether the ESD path corresponding to the chip under test is normal includes:
placing the image of the ESD path to overlap with the layout image of the chip under test for a position comparison; and
when a position of the image of the ESD path is identical to a position of a corresponding ESD path in the layout image of the chip under test, determining the corresponding ESD path in the chip under test as a normal ESD path; otherwise, determining the corresponding ESD path in the chip under test as an abnormal ESD path.

US Pat. No. 10,712,378

DYNAMIC MULTIDIMENSIONAL ELECTRIC POTENTIAL AND ELECTRIC FIELD QUANTITATIVE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ...

1. A. dynamic multidimensional electric potential and electric field quantitative measurement system, comprising:a multi-dimensional electric potential sensor array, comprising:
an array of electric potential sensors arranged in a series of rows of electric potential sensors and a series of columns of electric potential sensors wherein the electric potential sensors comprise triaxial electrodes, the triaxial electrodes having three electrodes separated from a base electrode, oriented in different directions, and supported triboelectrically neutral, low electric susceptibility, and electrically non-conductive material; and
a support casing supporting the array of electric potential sensors, wherein the support casing is triboelectrically neutral, has a low electric susceptibility, and is electrically non-conductive;
a sampling circuit connected to the multi-dimensional electric potential sensor array and configured to sample signals from the array of electric potential sensors;
an interface circuit coupled to the sampling circuit and multi-dimensional electric potential sensor array and configured to provide the signals from the array of electric potential sensors to the sampling circuit; and
wherein the multi-dimensional electric potential sensor array is connected to a scanner support configured to move the multi-dimensional electric potential sensor array while the sampling circuit samples the signals from the array of electric potential sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,712,376

IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENT OF INDIVIDUAL ACTUATORS OF A PIEZOELECTRIC PRINT HEAD

XEROX CORPORATION, Norwa...

1. A method for measuring an impedance of each of a plurality of piezoelectric actuators of a print head, each piezoelectric actuator connected to electronic selection circuitry of the print head that drives the piezoelectric actuators during a print operation, comprising:generating a waveform to drive a drive rail of the print head, the drive rail connected to the electronic selection circuitry of the print head;
measuring an impedance of each of the plurality of piezoelectrical actuators of the print head through the electronic selection circuitry while the drive rail of the print head is driven by the waveform by comparing the measured impedance of each of the piezoelectric actuators to a reference impedance from a pseudo-actuator connected to the electronic selection circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,712,365

MICROFLUIDIC CELL FOR ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY

New Jersey Institute of T...

1. A microfluidic cell for in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurement of a sample, the liquid cell comprising:a cantilever holder attached to a cantilever probe to position the cantilever probe near a surface of a sample;
a lid part coupled to the cantilever holder;
a microfluidic cell housing for atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurement or imaging of the sample during filtration, the microfluidic cell housing includes a top surface defining an opening, an upper part, a lower part, an inlet passage and a first fluid outlet passage both located in the upper part, a second fluid outlet passage located in the lower part, and an internal cavity defined by the microfluidic cell housing for a filtering fluid that is moving by being injected or pumped into the upper part through the inlet passage; and
wherein, the microfluidic cell housing allows real-time and in situ observations and measurements of membrane properties and surface characteristic evolutions during filtration, fouling, and/or aging processes of the sample, wherein the filtering fluid is not static and continuously passes through the sample and changes sample properties due to deposition of particles in the filtering fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,712,362

CALIBRATING SENSOR UNIT ORIENTATION FOR USE IN A VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

SmartDrive Systems, Inc.,...

1. A system configured to calibrate orientation of an accelerometer in a vehicle that includes a sensor set, wherein the sensor set is configured to generate output signals conveying vectors of acceleration of the vehicle, wherein the sensor set has a three-dimensional orientation in relation to the vehicle, the system configured to couple with the vehicle, the system comprising:one or more processors configured to:
determine a gravity vector, wherein the determination of the gravity vector is based on the output signals generated by the sensor set, and wherein the determination of the gravity vector is further based on a determination that the vehicle is stopped;
perform a comparison of a rate of acceleration of the vehicle with a threshold level of acceleration to determine whether a magnitude of the rate of acceleration of the vehicle has exceeded the threshold level of acceleration such that the magnitude of the rate of acceleration of the vehicle is sufficient to assume the vehicle is not turning left or right but moving straight;
determine the vehicle is longitudinally accelerating and not turning left or right, wherein the determination is based on the comparison of the rate of acceleration of the vehicle with the threshold level of acceleration, wherein the magnitude of the rate of acceleration of the vehicle has exceeded the threshold level of acceleration;
subsequent to the determination that the vehicle is longitudinally accelerating, determine a longitudinal vector of the vehicle based on the generated output signals; and
determine the three-dimensional orientation of the sensor set in relation to the vehicle, wherein determination of the three-dimensional orientation is based on the gravity vector and the longitudinal vector.

US Pat. No. 10,712,361

MULTIPLE METER DETECTION AND PROCESSING USING MOTION DATA

The Nielsen Company, New...

1. A system for detecting multiple portable computing devices being physically carried by one person, the system comprising:an input to receive media exposure data from a first one of a plurality of portable computing devices;
the input to receive segmented accelerometer data from the plurality of portable computing devices, the segmented accelerometer data segmented based on accelerometer data associated with at least one of walking, stopping, running, or sitting;
a processor, operatively coupled to the input, to extract features from the segmented accelerometer data, the processor forming accelerometer classification data for respective ones of the plurality of portable computing devices based on the extracted features;
the processor to compare the accelerometer classification data for the first portable computing device to at least one of (i) the accelerometer classification data for respective ones of the plurality of portable computing devices and (ii) stored accelerometer classification data for respective ones of the plurality of portable computing devices, to determine if accelerometer classification data for the first portable computing device is sufficiently similar to a second one of the plurality of portable computing devices;
the processor to identify the first portable computing device and the second portable computing device as being physically carried by a same person when the comparison determines that the accelerometer classification data for the first portable computing device is sufficiently similar to the accelerometer classification data for the second portable computing device; and
in response to identifying the first and second portable computing devices as being carried by the same person, the processor to credit the media exposure data for one of the first portable computing device or the second portable computing device, thereby reducing inaccurate media measurement results.

US Pat. No. 10,712,358

APPARATUS FOR MEASURING VELOCITIES OF PROJECTILES LAUNCHED FROM FIREARMS

MAGNETOSPEED LLC, Austin...

1. A method of measuring a velocity of a projectile launched from a firearm, the method comprising:providing a sensor module having a first and second passive sensor coils, and a magnet for applying a stable magnetic field to the first and second passive sensor coils;
receiving a first sensor signal generated by the movement of a projectile relative to the first passive sensor coil, wherein the projectile does not include any magnet;
receiving a second sensor signal generated by the movement of the projectile relative to the second passive sensor coil;
determining a time difference between the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal; and
determining a velocity of the projectile based on the determined time difference.

US Pat. No. 10,712,353

ANTIBODIES TO OLANZAPINE HAPTENS AND USE THEREOF

Janssen Pharmaceutica NV,...

1. A method of producing an antibody which binds to olanzapine, the method comprising:selecting a host for antibody production; and
(ii) inoculating the host with a conjugate having the formula:

wherein the host produces the antibody which binds to olanzapine.

US Pat. No. 10,712,352

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR ASSESSING IN VIVO TOXIC LEVELS OF BILIRUBIN AND DIAGNOSING INCREASED RISK OF BILIRUBIN NEUROTOXICITY

NEOMETRIX DX, Renton, WA...

1. A method for treating, ameliorating, reversing or preventing in an individual in need thereof:a hyperbilirubinemia or bilirubin toxicity,
a bilirubin neurotoxicity,
a bilirubin-induced neurodevelopmental impairment,
a neurodevelopmental impairment having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
a sudden bilirubin-induced neurotoxicity,
an acute bilirubin encephalopathy,
a choreoathetotic cerebral palsy,
a bilirubin-induced hearing impairment, or a hearing impairment having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
a bilirubin-induced autism, or an autism having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
a bilirubin-induced high tone hearing loss,
a bilirubin-induced paralysis of upward gaze, or
a bilirubin-induced yellow staining of the teeth,
the method comprising:
(a) determining whether bilirubin binding is normal, or below normal in the individual in need thereof by a method comprising:
(i) providing or taking, or having provided, a plasma, blood or serum sample from the individual;
(ii) measuring BTotal and BFree,
(iii) enriching the plasma, blood or serum sample with bilirubin,
(iv) measuring BTotal and BFree in the bilirubin enriched plasma; and,
(v) determining the maximum total bilirubin concentration (BTmax) and the equilibrium association constant (KA),
wherein if the individual's BTmax and KA are below the mean, average, or median BTmax and KA for a comparable population, the individual has poor or clinically inefficient bilirubin binding, and
if the individual's BFree is equal to or greater than the BFreeStandard for the comparable population that occurs at a current treatment BTotal this indicates the presence of a risk of BIND that is sufficient to warrant treatment,
wherein

and BFree and BTotal are the measured concentrations of non-albumin bound or free bilirubin and total bilirubin concentration, respectively,
and measuring BTotal and BFree before and after enrichment of the sample with bilirubin to obtain BTotal, BFree and BTotal 2, BFree 2 to provide two equations with two unknowns (BTmax and KA), that are solved for BTmax

and the measured BTotal and BFree are used with the calculated BTmax to obtain

 or
KA is the negative intercept and BTmax is the negative slope divided by the intercept of

as the reciprocal of

is the linear equation

 and
(b) commencing treating, ameliorating, reversing or preventing the individual in need thereof for:
the jaundice or bilirubin toxicity,
the bilirubin neurotoxicity,
the bilirubin-induced neurodevelopmental impairment,
the impairment having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
the acute bilirubin encephalopathy,
the choreoathetotic cerebral palsy,
the bilirubin-induced hearing impairment, or hearing impairment having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
the bilirubin-induced autism, or the autism having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
the bilirubin-induced high tone hearing loss,
the bilirubin-induced paralysis of upward gaze, or
the bilirubin-induced yellow staining of the teeth,
if the individual in need thereof has a lower than normal calculated BTmax and KA or a BFree equal to or greater than BFreeStandard as determined in step (a).

US Pat. No. 10,712,347

SENSORS EMPLOYING SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ...

1. An analyte sensing composition for detecting an analyte, or determining the concentration of the analyte, which comprises a sensing complex of a sensing protein with a semi-conducting, single-walled nanotube consisting of carbon, wherein the carbon nanotube of the sensing complex is emissive, having an optical property of photoinduced band gap fluorescence in the near-infrared, the sensing protein selectively binds to or selectively reacts with the analyte, and the photo-induced band gap fluorescence of the carbon nanotube of the sensing complex is responsive to the selective binding of the sensing protein to the analyte or the selective reaction of the sensing protein with the analyte, the selective binding of the sensing protein with the analyte providing an altered emissive effect, wherein the sensing protein is an enzyme which catalyzes oxidation or reduction of the analyte and wherein the sensing composition further comprises one or more redox mediators which function for electron transfer from the analyte or the oxidation or reduction product thereof to the complexed carbon nanotube.

US Pat. No. 10,712,327

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS

Jentek Water Treatment, I...

1. A method for monitoring an HVAC hydronic water system comprising:receiving data from a plurality of sensors, the plurality of sensors operable to detect one or more properties of a fluid;
controlling a plurality of relays or actuators operable to change a setting in the HVAC hydronic water system, the plurality of relays or actuators operating valves or pumps connected to additives that change a property of the one or more properties of the fluid when added to the fluid;
storing historical records of the one or more properties on one or more servers communicatively coupled to the plurality of sensors;
comparing, using the one or more servers, the one or more properties to one or more predetermined ranges of values and to send a notification when a property of the one or more properties is outside of the one or more predetermined range of values;
providing a graphical interface to a user, the graphical interface operable to display the one or more properties and comprising a multi-axis graph with each axis extending outward in opposing directions from a single point, the axes of the multi-axis graph together delineating actual sensed, threshold and target values of a plurality of the properties and a plurality of indexes based on the properties; and
actuating the plurality of relays or actuators in response to one or more instructions, based on one or more of the displayed indexes, and/or displayed properties.

US Pat. No. 10,712,321

METHOD TO ELIMINATE PERIODIC NOISE FROM DATA COLLECTED WITH A CHROMATOGRAPHY SYSTEM

WYATT TECHNOLOGY CORPORAT...

1. A method comprising:collecting data in a chromatography system with an analytical instrument,
wherein the collected data comprises pump pulses caused by at least one pump in the chromatography system,
wherein the at least one pump is computer controlled;
computing a power spectrum of the pulses;
determining a fundamental frequency of the pulses from the power spectrum of the pulses;
constructing a filter to block the fundamental frequency and one or more harmonics of the fundamental frequency;
applying the filter to the collected data, resulting in filtered data without the fundamental frequency and without the one or more harmonics; and
wherein the determining comprises
selecting a region of the power spectrum outside where 1/f noise is not present,
determining a frequency wm corresponding to a maximum power signal in the region,
analyzing power values of frequencies at wm/2 and wm/3 to determine if there is a peak in the power spectrum at the frequencies at wm/2 and wm/3, and
determining the fundamental frequency to be
wm if there is no peak in the power signal at wm/2 or wm/3,
wm/3 if there is a peak in the power signal at wm/3, and
wm/2 if there is a no peak in the power signal at wm/3 and if a peak is present at wm/2.

US Pat. No. 10,712,319

METHODS FOR DETECTING LACOSAMIDE BY MASS SPECTROMETRY

Quest Diagnostics Investm...

1. A method for determining the amount of lacosamide in a sample, said method comprising:(i) purifying lacosamide from said sample by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC);
(ii) ionizing lacosamide and an internal standard to produce at least one lacosamide ion and at least one internal standard ion detectable by mass spectrometry, wherein the ions are fragmented with a collision energy of 35V;
(iii) determining the amount of said at least one lacosamide ion and the amount of said at least one internal standard ion by mass spectrometry; and
(iv) comparing the amount of said at least one lacosamide ion and the amount of said at least one internal standard ion to determine the amount of lacosamide in the sample;
wherein said method has a lower limit of quantitation within the range of 20 ?g/ml and 0.5 ?g/ml, inclusive.

US Pat. No. 10,712,317

APPARATUS FOR DETECTING DEFECT AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DEFECT USING THE SAME

1. An apparatus for detecting a defect comprising:a first probe unit comprising a first transmitter for transmitting a signal into an inspection object and a first receiver for receiving a signal generated inside the inspection object;
a second probe unit separately installed from the first probe unit and configured to receive the signal generated inside the inspection object; and
a position determining unit configured to detect a defect position inside the inspection object using the signal received by the first probe unit and the signal received by the second probe unit,
wherein the position determining unit determines the defect position inside the inspection object by calculating each of a distance (L) between the first probe unit and the second probe unit, a distance (S1) from the first probe unit to the defect, and a distance (S2) from the second probe unit to the defect.

US Pat. No. 10,712,315

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SUPERVISING BIOFILM CULTURING

NANJING UNIVERSITY, Nanj...

1. A device for supervising biofilm culturing, the device comprising:a fixed seat comprising an upper end;
a supervision chamber;
two ultrasonic sensing probes;
a first mounting chamber;
a second mounting chamber disposed between the fixed seat and the supervision chamber;
an ultrasonic generator;
an oscilloscope; and
a controller;wherein:the first and second mounting chambers are disposed at two opposite ends of the supervision chamber, respectively;
the two ultrasonic sensing probes are disposed in the first and second mounting chambers, respectively;
the second mounting chamber is connected to the upper end of the fixed seat;
each of the two ultrasonic sensing probes is connected to the ultrasonic generator, the oscilloscope, and the controller successively;
the supervision chamber is transparent and comprises a side wall and a bottom wall; the side wall comprises a water inlet and a water outlet which is located higher than the water inlet and the bottom wall comprises a groove for receiving a filler film; and
the first mounting chamber is disposed on the supervision chamber; the first mounting chamber comprises a cylindrical holder and a chamber for accommodating one of the two ultrasonic sensing probes; the chamber for accommodating the one of the two ultrasonic sensing probes is disposed on an upper surface of the cylindrical holder; a first fixation device is disposed in the chamber to fix the one of the two ultrasonic sensing probes; the one of the two ultrasonic sensing probes is fixed on a side wall of the first fixation device; the cylindrical holder comprises a holder side wall and a plurality of slots disposed on the holder side wall; the slots correspond to the water inlet and the water outlet of the supervision chamber; the second mounting chamber comprises a second fixation device for accommodating the other of the two ultrasonic sensing probes; and the other of the two ultrasonic sensing probes is fixed on a side wall of the second fixation device.

US Pat. No. 10,712,312

FLEXIBLE MAGNETIC FIELD COIL FOR MEASURING IONIC QUANTITY

1. A method of testing a vacuum interrupter comprising:causing generation of a magnetic field within the vacuum interrupter using a magnetic field generator;
measuring a property of the vacuum interrupter while the magnetic field is present within the vacuum interrupter, wherein measuring the property of the vacuum interrupter comprises measuring difference between a first current flowing in a first conductive member and a second current flowing in a second conductive member spaced apart from the first conductive member by a gap; and
determining a condition of the vacuum interrupter as a function of the measured property.

US Pat. No. 10,712,310

PROTEIN QUANTIFICATION BY NEAR INFRARED SPECTRAL IMAGING

1. A method of quantifying protein in an electrophoresis gel, comprising the steps of:loading a sample including at least one protein into a gel via electrophoresis to generate at least one protein band;
acquiring an infrared spectral dataset from the at least one protein band using near infrared spectral imaging (NIRSI);
generating an infrared hyperspectral image from the infrared spectral dataset for each of the at least one protein band, the infrared hyperspectral image comprising a plurality of pixels;
calculating the integrated area under at least one wavenumber of the infrared spectrum for every pixel in the infrared hyperspectral image;
summing the calculated integrated area of every pixel in the infrared hyperspectral image for each of the at least one protein band; and
quantifying the amount of protein in the at least one protein band by correlating the sum of the calculated integrated areas with a protein content calibration curve.

US Pat. No. 10,712,307

CERAMIC HEATER, SENSOR ELEMENT, AND GAS SENSOR

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A ceramic heater including:a heating element including a continuous heating path comprising a plurality of linear portions and a plurality of bend portions, and
a ceramic body surrounding the heating element,
the bend portions comprising at least one first side bend portion that is provided on a first end of the linear portions in a length direction of the linear portions and at least one second side bend portion that is provided on a second end of the linear portions in the length direction, the second end of the linear portions being opposite the first end of the linear portions each of the linear portions connecting one of the at least one first side bend portion at one end of a respective linear portion to one of the at least one second side bend portion at an opposite end of the respective linear portion, and each of the at least one first side bend portion and the at least one second side bend portion having a resistance value per unit length, at a temperature in a range of 700° C. to 900° C., that is lower than a resistance value per unit length of each of the plurality of linear portions, such that a unit resistance ratio R1/R2 of unit resistance R1 (??/mm), being the resistance value per unit length of each of the at least one first side bend portion and the at least one second side bend portion, to unit resistance R2 (??/mm), being the resistance value per unit length of each of the plurality of linear portions, is no larger than 0.87 at the temperature in the range of 700° C. to 900° C.

US Pat. No. 10,712,303

LIQUID EXPOSURE SENSING DEVICE AND CONTROLLER

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A liquid exposure sensing device, comprising:a first sensor configured to be coupled to a reference material;
wherein the first sensor configured to generate a first signal in response to either a liquid phase and/or vapor phase of a substance passing through the reference material;
a second sensor configured to be coupled to an exposed material;
wherein the second sensor configured to generate a second signal in response to the liquid phase and/or vapor phase of the substance passing through the exposed material; and
a controller coupled to the first and second sensors and configured to generate a liquid detection signal in response to a time delay between the first signal and the second signal that exceeds a threshold time delay.

US Pat. No. 10,712,300

GAS SENSOR DEVICE, AND HEATING CURRENT CONTROL METHOD FOR GAS SENSOR DEVICE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A gas sensor device that measures a physical quantity of gas based on a thin film formed in a part of a substrate; a detection heater formed in the thin film; a temperature compensation heater formed in the thin film so as to surround the detection heater; a detection heater-heating control circuit configured to control a heating temperature of the detection heater; a temperature compensation heater-heating control circuit configured to control a heating temperature of the temperature compensation heater to be set at a heating temperature lower than the heating temperature of the detection heater; and a radiation amount of the detection heater,wherein each of the detection heater-heating control circuit and the temperature compensation heater-heating control circuit controls a heating current so that a temperature difference between the heating temperature of the detection heater and the heating temperature of the temperature compensation heater reduces in response to a rise in temperature of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,712,295

ELECTRON BEAM INSPECTION APPARATUS AND ELECTRON BEAM INSPECTION METHOD

NUFLARE TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. An electron beam inspection apparatus comprising:a stage holding a substrate, a pattern being formed on a surface of the substrate;
an electron beam column irradiating the substrate with multiple beams including a plurality of electron beams such that adjacent irradiation regions irradiated with the electron beams have an overlap portion therebetween;
a first image storage unit storing a first inspection image acquired by irradiating a first inspection region of the substrate with the multiple beams;
a second image storage unit storing a second inspection image acquired by irradiating a second inspection region of the substrate with the multiple beams;
a correction coefficient storage unit storing a correction coefficient for correcting an image of the overlap portion;
an image correction unit correcting an image of the overlap portion of the first inspection image and an image of the overlap portion of the second inspection image, using the correction coefficient; and
a comparison unit comparing a corrected first inspection image with a corrected second inspection image.

US Pat. No. 10,712,290

TECHNIQUES FOR CONTROL OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING DEVICES VIA A PROBE DRIVER

General Electric Company,...

1. A non-destructive testing (NDT) system, comprising:a sensor;
a conduit section coupled to the sensor;
a screen configured to display the data from the sensor;
a probe driver comprising an input structure and a positioning element configured to position the conduit section, wherein the input structure is configured to actuate in response to a user input, and wherein upon actuation, the input structure generates a signal indicative of a positioning of the conduit section;
an articulating section coupled between the sensor and the conduit section and configured to position the sensor via a movement of a head end section; and
a processor configured to:
receive the signal indicative of a position of the conduit section; and
control one or more operations of the probe driver configured to operate the positioning element to orientate the conduit section in the position.

US Pat. No. 10,712,286

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION OF A STRUCTURE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method for non-destructive evaluation of a structure, the method comprising:identifying a portion of a surface of the structure for evaluation;
controlling, by a computing device, an armature to align a two-dimensional array of sensors with the portion of the surface, wherein the armature is coupled to an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), wherein the armature comprises a length, a fulcrum point along the length, and a counterweight, wherein the two-dimensional array of sensors has an array weight, and wherein controlling the armature to align the two-dimensional array of sensors with the portion of the surface comprises controlling the armature based on the length, the fulcrum point, the counterweight, and the array weight;
causing the two-dimensional array of sensors to engage the portion of the surface;
responsive to determining that the two-dimensional array of sensors has engaged with the portion of the surface,
(i) releasing, by the computing device, the two-dimensional array of sensors from the armature, and
(ii) scanning, by two-dimensional array of sensors, the portion of the surface to collect sensor data; and
after scanning the portion of the surface, (i) controlling, by the computing device, the armature to couple to the two-dimensional array of sensors, and (ii) causing the two-dimensional array of sensors to disengage with the portion of the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,712,283

LIQUID HOLDING APPARATUS FOR INSERTION OF A TEST DEVICE INTO A TEST LIQUID

Quantimetrix, Redondo Be...

1. A testing apparatus for an elongated test strip comprising:a) a front wall and a rear wall sealed together proximate their peripheral edges;
b) a single elongated space between the front and rear wall and having peripheral edges inwardly from the peripheral edges of the wall, the elongated space having a top portion;
c) test liquid without any test strip in the elongated space, wherein the test liquid is in an amount of no more than about 80% of the total capacity of the elongated space;
d) an access section at the top portion of the elongated space for insertion of the test strip into the test liquid, the access section having a lower stop-peel border;
e) a peelable lamination between the front and rear walls, the peelable lamination having a first peel strength and peelable by finger strength so that the access section is accessible for one-time use by peeling the front wall from the rear wall by finger strength; and
f) a stop-peel lamination between the front and rear walls, the stop-peel lamination being below the peelable lamination and proximate to the elongated space and extending to the lower stop-peel border of the access section to provide a permanent seal, the stop-peel lamination having a second peel strength greater than the first peel strength so that the finger strength for peeling the peelable lamination does not peel the stop-peel lamination for preventing leakage of test liquid from the elongated space, wherein the stop-peel lamination comprises multiple vertical striations extending along the peripheral edges of the elongated space and the single elongated space is at least 90 mm in length as measured from the access section.

US Pat. No. 10,712,281

METHOD FOR DETECTING COMPOSITION OF STEEL SAMPLE BY USING MULTI-PULSE LASER-INDUCED PLASMA SPECTROMETER

Academy of Opto-Electroni...

1. A method for detecting steel sample components by using a laser induced plasma spectral analysis device, wherein the spectral analysis device comprises a laser device, wherein the laser device is an all-solid-state regeneration amplifier picosecond laser; and by means of switching between a regeneration amplification technology and a Q-switching manner, output of the laser induced light source with a picosecond pulse width is realized by using the regeneration amplification technology, and output of the laser induced light source with a nanosecond pulse width is realized in the Q-switching manner, a laser import system, a spectrum export and collecting system, a spectroscopic system, and a spectrum receiving system; wherein the spectrum export and collecting system comprises a spectrum export subsystem and a spectrum collecting subsystem, the laser and the spectrum receiving system are controlled by instructions sent by a same pulse generator; the laser device transmits laser, which is focused on the sample by means of the laser import system, so that plasmas are formed on the surface of the sample to generate laser induced spectrums, and generated fluorescence is exported to the spectrum collecting subsystem by means of the spectrum export subsystem; the collected spectrums are calculated, processed, and analyzed, so as to perform qualitative and quantitative testing of elements contained in the sample; the method comprises the following steps:1) output of the laser induced light source with a nanosecond pulse width, so that the output nanosecond laser pulse is focused on the sample by means of the laser import system, and plasmas are formed on the surface of the sample;
2) output of the laser induced light source with a picosecond pulse width, so that the output picosecond laser pulse is also focused on the sample by means of the laser import system, and spectral line emission is enhanced through the plasmas formed by irradiation of the nanosecond laser pulse, to generate laser induced spectrums with enhanced spectral lines;
3) the fluorescence from the generated induced spectrums is exported to the spectrum collecting subsystem by means of the spectrum export subsystem; and
4) the collected spectrums are calculated, processed, and analyzed, so as to perform qualitative and quantitative testing of elements contained in the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,712,280

HEATED NANO FINGER COLLAPSE FOR CAPTURE OF MOLECULES IN GAS FOR SENSING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus comprising:a gas flow source;
a gas conduit to direct a flow of gas from the gas flow source;
a surface enhanced luminescence (SEL) stage within the conduit, the stage comprising: a substrate; and
nano fingers projecting from the substrate; and a heater to heat the nano fingers to a temperature so as to soften the nano fingers such that the nano fingers collapse towards each other to capture molecules entrained in the gas therebetween for being sensed.

US Pat. No. 10,712,273

ACTIVE-SOURCE-PIXEL, INTEGRATED DEVICE FOR RAPID ANALYSIS OF BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL SPECIMENS

Quantum-Si Incorporated, ...

48. A portable instrument comprising:at least one processor;
a dock configured to receive an integrated device having:
a plurality of pixels arranged on a substrate, wherein an individual pixel of the plurality of pixels comprises:
a sample well having an excitation region configured to retain a biological sample;
a first structure located adjacent to or within the sample well and configured to affect coupling of at least excitation energy into the excitation region; and
a sensing system including a sensor that is configured to discriminate between at least two different emissions from the sample well, wherein the at least two different emissions comprise spectral and/or temporal differences; and
circuitry arranged on the substrate to receive at least one signal from the sensor;
a cover configured to exclude a majority of external light from entering the dock; and
a first plurality of electrical contacts configured to connect to a second plurality of electrical contacts on the integrated device, wherein power may be provide to the integrated device through at least some of the first plurality of electrical contacts and the at least one signal from each sensor may be received through at least some of the first plurality of electrical contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,712,271

PLASMONIC MICROPILLAR ARRAY WITH EMBEDDED NANOPARTICLES FOR LARGE AREA CELL FORCE SENSING

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method of fabricating a cell force sensor platform comprising a plurality of micropillars, wherein micropillars comprising said plurality of micropillars each have a single plasmonic nanoparticle disposed at the tip, said method comprising:preparing an array of wells that form a negative mold for a micropillar array;
depositing a metal nanofilm over said negative mold wherein said metal nanofilm comprises the metal that will form the nanoparticles;
removing the metal on the mold surface leaving metal microdisks in the bottom of the wells of said negative mold;
filling the negative mold with a polymer that is to form the micropillars; and
melting the microdisks which transfer onto the tips of the micropillars formed by said polymer; and
removing the micropillar array from the negative mold.

US Pat. No. 10,712,268

TURN-ON NEAR INFRARED FLUORESCENT PROBES FOR IMAGING LYSOSOMAL ROS IN LIVE CELLS AT SUBCELLULAR RESOLUTION

University of Massachuset...

1. A compound with the structure:

US Pat. No. 10,712,266

OPTICAL TEST APPARATUS, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND OPTICAL TEST METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. An optical test apparatus comprising:a first laser configured to irradiate a first surface region of a test object with a pump beam having a first wavelength which is transmitted through a first region including the first surface region and a first inner region adjacent to the first surface region and absorbed by an absorber arranged in the first inner region, wherein a minimum beam diameter of the pump beam is larger than the absorber;
a second laser configured to irradiate a second surface region outside the first surface region with a probe beam having a second wavelength which is reflected by the second surface region; and
a photodetector configured to receive the probe beam reflected by the second surface region.

US Pat. No. 10,712,256

CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENT MONITORING DEVICE AND METHOD

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A corrosive environment monitoring device comprising:a housing having an opening in one side thereof, other sides of the housing than the one side being sealed to form space inside the housing;
a first thin metal film extending in a direction from a bottom of the space toward the opening, the first thin metal film being resistant to corrosion by a corrosive substance and serving as a supporting member;
a second thin metal film extending in the space in a direction from the bottom of the space toward the opening and being supported by the first thin-film metal, the second thin metal film being susceptible to corrosion by the corrosive substance and serving as a measuring member; and
terminals being disposed at both ends of the first thin metal film, where an external voltage is to be applied to the terminals,
the first thin metal film including one first thin metal film extending in a direction from the bottom of the space toward the opening,
the second thin metal film being disposed on one or both sides of the one first thin metal film and extending in the space in a direction from the bottom toward the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,712,253

SIMULATION DEVICE FOR INTERACTION BETWEEN DEEP RESERVOIR ROCK AND FLUID IN BASIN AND METHOD FOR USING SAME

Northwest Institute of Ec...

1. A simulation device for interaction between deep reservoir rock and fluid in a basin, comprising an automatic control unit, a heating unit, a pressurizing unit, an analysis metering unit, and a peripheral auxiliary unit; wherein an output end of the automatic control unit is electrically connected to input ends of the heating unit, the pressurizing unit, and the peripheral auxiliary unit in a unidirectional manner; an output end of the analysis metering unit is electrically connected to an input end of the automatic control unit in a one-way direction;the heating unit comprises a stand (1) and a box type heater (2); each of two sides of the stand (1) is fixedly mounted with a heating tube (3), a temperature-control thermocouple (4), a temperature-measurement thermocouple (5), and a power supply (6); at a back of the box type heater (2) is fixedly mounted with a motor (7) and a fan (8); a right side of the box type heater (2) is connected to a control panel (9) through a conducting line; the heating tube (3), the temperature-control thermocouple (4), the temperature-measurement thermocouple (5), and the power supply (6) are connected to a heating button and a temperature controller head T on a surface of the control panel (9) through a conducting line; on a top of the box type heater (2) is fixedly mounted with an upper oil cylinder (10); a lithostatic compression rod (11) is provided in a bottom of the upper oil cylinder (10); in a bottom of the box type heater (2) is fixedly mounted with a lower oil cylinder (12); a lithostatic push rod (13) is provided on a top of the lower oil cylinder (12); an upper condenser jacket (14) is provided on a surface of the lithostatic compression rod (11); a lower condenser jacket (15) is provided on a surface of the lithostatic push rod (13); a surface of the upper condenser jacket (14) is communicated with a water outlet silicone tube (16); a surface of the lower condenser jacket (15) is communicated with a water inlet silicone tube (17); ends of the water outlet silicone tube (16) and the water inlet silicone tube (17) away from the box type heater (2) are communicated with a circulating water condenser (18), respectively;
the pressurizing unit comprises a hydraulic unit oil pump (19) and a micro-regulating back-pressure system (20); the hydraulic unit oil pump (19) is communicated with the upper oil cylinder (10) through an inlet hydraulic oil pipe (21); the hydraulic unit oil pump (19) is communicated with the lower oil cylinder (12) through an outlet hydraulic oil pipe (22); an upper oil cylinder inner piston (23) is fixedly connected with a top of the lithostatic compression rod (11) and is located inside the upper oil cylinder (10); a lower oil cylinder inner piston (24) is fixedly connected with a bottom of the lithostatic push rod (13) and is located inside the lower oil cylinder (12); in the box type heater (2) is provided with a sample chamber (25); a sample is provided inside the sample chamber (25); metal filters (26) located inside the sample chamber (25) are movably connected with two ends of the sample; inside the box type heater (2) is fixedly mounted with a high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27); the sample chamber (25) is movably connected with the inside of the high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27); each of two ends of the sample chamber (25) is respectively provided with a sealing element (28), an upper pressing jacket (29), and a lower pressing jacket (30); the lithostatic compression rod (11) is in contact with the upper pressing jacket (29); in a bottom of the high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27) is provided with a lower end cover (31); a top of the lithostatic push rod (13) passes through the lower end cover (31) and is in contact with the lower pressing jacket (30); an outlet conduit of the high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27) passes through the upper pressing jacket (29) and is communicated with an upper right-angle elbow pipe (32); and an inlet conduit of the high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27) passes through the lower pressing jacket (30) and is communicated with a lower right-angle elbow pipe (33).

US Pat. No. 10,712,252

RESERVOIR DEPLETION/INJECTION SIMULATION UNDER TRUE TRIAXIAL STRESS CONDITIONS

1. A system for simulating depletion/injection processes under true triaxial stress conditions, the system comprising:a vertical loading mechanism comprising:
a vertical loading platen located above a cubical rock specimen in contact with an upper face of the cubical rock specimen;
a vertical loading rod in contact with the vertical loading platen; and
a vertical actuator coupled with the vertical loading rod, the vertical actuator and the vertical loading rod configured to apply a constant vertical stress to the upper face of the cubical rock specimen by actuating the vertical loading platen downwardly along a vertical axis;
a first horizontal loading mechanism comprising:
a first loading platen in contact with a first lateral face of the cubical rock specimen;
a second loading platen in contact with a second opposing lateral face of the cubical rock specimen;
a first loading rod in contact with the first loading platen;
a second loading rod in contact with the second loading platen, the second loading rod attached to a stationary frame; and
a first horizontal actuator coupled with the first loading rod, the first horizontal actuator and the first loading rod configured to actuate the first loading platen along a first horizontal axis thereby urging the first loading platen and the second loading platen relatively toward one another to compress the cubical rock specimen along the first horizontal axis;
a second horizontal loading mechanism comprising:
a third loading platen in contact with a third lateral face of the cubical rock specimen;
a fourth loading platen in contact with a fourth opposing lateral face of the cubical rock specimen;
a third loading rod in contact with the third loading platen;
a fourth loading rod in contact with the fourth loading platen, the fourth loading rod attached to a stationary frame; and
a second horizontal actuator coupled with the third loading rod, the second horizontal actuator and the third loading rod configured to actuate the third loading platen along a second horizontal axis thereby urging the third loading platen and the fourth loading platen relatively toward one another to compress the cubical rock specimen along the second horizontal axis;
a first linear variable displacement transducer (LVDT) comprising a first core movable within a first housing, the first housing attached to the first horizontal loading rod and the first core coupled with the second horizontal loading rod, the first LVDT configured to measure relative displacement of the first horizontal loading rod and the second horizontal loading rod along the first horizontal axis; and
a second LVDT comprising a second core movable within a second housing, the second housing attached to the third horizontal loading rod and the second core coupled with the fourth horizontal loading rod, the second LVDT configured to measure relative displacement of the third horizontal loading rod and the fourth horizontal loading rod along the second horizontal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,712,249

HIGH-TEMPERATURE, HIGH-PRESSURE, AND LOW-VELOCITY GAS MICROTUBE VISCOSITY MEASURING APPARATUS AND MEASURING METHOD THEREOF

CHINA UNIVERSITY OF PETRO...

1. A high-temperature, high-pressure, and low-velocity gas microtube viscosity measuring apparatus, comprising:a thermotank;
a fluid filtering and measuring device, including a filter, a microtube connector, a flow rate measuring liquid storage tank, an automatic micro-flow rate metering device, and an intermediate container connected in order and in series via pipelines, a viscosity measuring microtube being axially fixed inside the microtube connector, the filter, the microtube connector, and the flow rate measuring liquid storage tank being located in the thermotank, and two ends of the viscosity measuring microtube being in communication with the pipelines at two ends of the microtube connector, respectively;
a micro-pressure difference metering device, two ends of which are connected to the pipelines at the two ends of the microtube connector via detection pipelines, respectively; and
a data acquisition and processing system electrically connected to the micro-pressure difference metering device and the automatic micro-flow rate metering device to receive pressure difference data and flow rate data.

US Pat. No. 10,712,244

SPECIMEN STAINING APPARATUS AND SPECIMEN STAINING METHOD

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A specimen staining apparatus comprising:a gap-forming member arranged to form a gap that has a pre-set, fixed size and that induces capillary action, the gap being formed above a mounting surface of a slide glass having a specimen mounted thereon,
wherein the gap-forming member includes:
a plurality of tanks that contain different types of chemical solutions for staining the specimen; and
a plurality of pressurizing portions, each of the pressurizing portions pressurizing a respective one of the chemical solutions in a respective one of the plurality of tanks,
wherein each of the chemical solutions is supplied to the gap formed between the gap-forming member and the mounting surface, and
wherein each of the plurality of tanks includes a discharge port through which the chemical solution inside the tank is discharged into the gap when the chemical solution is pressurized.

US Pat. No. 10,712,241

SELF-ALIGNING, MAGNETICALLY RETAINED AIR SAMPLER ASSEMBLY COMPONENT

LIGHTHOUSE WORLDWIDE SOLU...

1. A component for a top plate of a microbial air sampler comprising:feet, said feet disposed on a bottom of the top plate;
wherein the top plate is configured to hold a sampling plate;
at least three brackets, said at least three brackets disposed on a top of the top plate;
at least one magnet;
wherein said at least one magnet is disposed within said feet;
alignment pockets, said alignment pockets disposed only on a top of the microbial air sampler within a recessed receiving portion of the microbial air sampler;
wherein said top plate has a smaller diameter than that of said recessed receiving portion; and
wherein said feet are configured to interface with said alignment pockets such that the top plate may not be moved laterally.

US Pat. No. 10,712,239

TECHNIQUE FOR MONITORING TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT

1. A method for monitoring technical equipment, the method comprising:receiving, by a processor, a plurality of event inputs from one or more event status reporting units, wherein each event input of the plurality of event inputs belongs to one of a plurality of predefined event categories;
segregating, by the processor, a time period into an ordered sequence of time slots, wherein the time period represents a time duration within which the plurality of event inputs were received;
categorizing, by the processor, each event input of the plurality of event inputs according to a time slot within which the event input was received and according to a predefined event category of the plurality of predefined event categories to which the event input belongs;
assigning, by the processor, a rank to each predefined event category of the plurality of predefined event categories within each of the ordered sequence of time slots, wherein the rank of a selected predefined event category within a selected time slot is based on a weight of unique event inputs, the unique event inputs being categorized for the selected predefined event category and for the selected time slot;
defining, by the processor, a count of symbols to be displayed for each of the time slots, wherein each symbol represents a unique predefined event category, and wherein the count of the symbols is same for all the time slots;
displaying, on a display unit, the ordered sequence of time slots; and
displaying, on the display unit, for each of the ordered sequence of time slots, the defined count of symbols ordered according to the ranks of the respective predefined event categories represented by the symbols,
wherein each symbol includes an indication of the weight of unique event inputs categorized for the selected predefined event category and for the selected time slot.

US Pat. No. 10,712,236

CONDITION DIAGNOSING SYSTEM FOR ROLLING GUIDE DEVICE

THK CO., LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A state diagnosis system for a rolling guide device,the rolling guide device including:
a plurality of rolling elements;
a track member having a rolling surface for the rolling elements, the rolling surface extending along a longitudinal direction of the track member; and
a moving member, which is assembled to the track member through intermediation of the rolling elements, and which includes an endless circulation path for the rolling elements, the endless circulation path including a load path for the rolling elements and no-load paths for coupling both ends of the load path,
the state diagnosis system comprising:
a sensor configured to detect a physical quantity exhibited when the moving member is moving along the track member;
a signal processing unit configured to process an output signal from the sensor to output analysis data; and
a determination processing unit configured to determine whether the rolling guide device has an abnormality by comparing the analysis data with threshold value data,
wherein, when a cycle at which each of the rolling elements, which moves back and forth in the endless circulation path, enters the load path from one of the no-load paths is represented by t, a data collection time period T, for which the signal processing unit takes in the output signal from the sensor, satisfies T?t.

US Pat. No. 10,712,233

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DETERMINING ONE OR MORE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF A LENS

6 OVER 6 VISION LTD., Kf...

1. A product comprising one or more tangible computer-readable non-transitory storage media comprising computer-executable instructions operable to, when executed by at least one computer processor, enable the at least one computer processor to determine one or more optical parameters of a lens of eyeglasses, the instructions, when executed, result in:processing at least one image of an object, the image of the object captured by an image-capturing device via said lens when said lens is between the image-capturing device and the object; and
determining the one or more optical parameters of said lens based on said at least one image, wherein determining the one or more optical parameters of the lens comprises identifying an existence of a cylindrical axis of the lens based on said image, determining an imaged dimension of the object in the image, determining a first power of the lens corresponding to said cylindrical axis based at least on a magnification between a dimension of the object and said imaged dimension of the object, determining a second power of said lens corresponding to a perpendicular axis, which is perpendicular to said cylindrical axis, and determining a cylindrical power of said lens based on said first and second powers.

US Pat. No. 10,712,231

APPLIED HIGH SPEED DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION (HSDIC)

United Launch Alliance, L...

1. A method for testing of separating systems between a space vehicle and a launch vehicle, the method comprising:receiving, by a data processing system, from one or more high definition cameras, a series of high-speed video frames, each frame of the series of high-speed video frames capturing a region of interest on a test structure, the test structure comprising a representation of a Launch Vehicle (LV), a representation of a Space Vehicle (SV), a clamp band binding the representation of the LV to the representation of the SV, and a clamp band opening device operable to release the clamp band and allow the representation of the LV to separate from the representation of the SV, the video frames captured by the one or more high definition cameras during and after operation of the clamp band opening device;
applying, by the data processing system, one or more Digital Image Correlation (DIC) processes to the received series of high-speed video frames;
calculating, by the data processing system, point trajectories for one or more components of interest in the region of interest on the test structure; and
identifying, by the data processing system, shock symmetry on the representation of the LV and representation of the SV in six degrees of freedom.

US Pat. No. 10,712,228

BLOCKAGE DIAGNOSIS DEVICE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A blockage diagnosis device that is applied to a fuel tank system including a fuel tank for containing fuel, a canister for adsorbing fuel vapor generated in an internal space of the fuel tank, and a vent passage for communicating between the internal space of the fuel tank and the canister, and that performs blockage diagnosis on the vent passage, the blockage diagnosis device comprising:an information acquiring unit that acquires information on an internal pressure of the vent passage;
a flow rate controller that performs flow rate control of fluid in the vent passage by operation of negative pressure source; and
a blockage diagnosis unit that performs blockage diagnosis on the vent passage, based on a change over time in the internal pressure of the vent passage in association with the operation of the negative pressure source, wherein
a blockage diagnosis period during which the blockage diagnosis on the vent passage is performed includes a first period of time that starts at an operation starting time of the negative pressure source or after lapse of a first predetermined time relative to the operation starting time, and a second period of time that ends at an operation finishing time of the negative pressure source or at a time going back from the operation finishing time by a second predetermined time, the first and second periods of time being shifted from each other so as not to be overlapped with each other, and
the blockage diagnosis unit includes:
a primary determination unit that estimates in the first period of time, a sealed spatial volume of a fuel vapor sealing system including the vent passage and the fuel tank based on a time length required for reducing the internal pressure of the vent passage by a first differential pressure in association with the operation of the negative pressure source and an emission speed of the fluid, and then performs a primary determination of the vent passage, based on whether a first estimation volume obtained by the estimation exceeds a preset threshold volume; and
a secondary determination unit that estimates in the second period of time, the sealed spatial volume based on a time length required for reducing the internal pressure of the vent passage by a second differential pressure in association with the operation of the negative pressure source, and a reference emission speed of the fluid, and then performs a secondary determination of the vent passage, based on whether a second estimation volume obtained by the estimation exceeds the threshold volume, wherein
the primary determination unit of the blockage diagnosis unit, if the first estimation volume is less than the threshold volume, makes a primary determination indicating that the vent passage is blocked,
the secondary determination unit of the blockage diagnosis unit, if the second estimation volume is less than the threshold volume, makes a secondary determination indicating that the vent passage is blocked, and
the blockage diagnosis unit, if the primary determination unit makes the primary determination indicating that vent passage is blocked, and the secondary determination unit makes the secondary determination indicating that the vent passage is blocked, determines that the vent passage is blocked.

US Pat. No. 10,712,227

WASHPIPE LIFE PREDICTION

NABORS DRILLING TECHNOLOG...

1. A method comprising:a) installing a washpipe assembly on a drilling rig;
b) operating the washpipe assembly;
c) measuring a rotation rate of the washpipe assembly;
d) measuring a pressure within the washpipe assembly;
e) calculating a total pressure-distance value indicative of the amount of washpipe assembly operational lifespan expended, wherein the total pressure-distance value is a function of the measured rotation rate and measured pressure;
f) comparing the total pressure-distance value with a predetermined threshold pressure-distance value so as to generate an expected life value; and
g) replacing or refurbishing the washpipe assembly based on the expected life value.

US Pat. No. 10,712,226

AUTONOMOUS IDENTIFICATION OF AN ANOMALOUS AQUEOUS STREAM FROM AN AQUEOUS SOURCE FEEDING MULTIPLE INDEPENDENT STREAMS AND REMEDIATION DIRECTIVE DETERMINATION THEREOF

1. A system for detecting an anomaly in an aqueous stream network, wherein the stream network comprises an inlet feeding a plurality of independently-controlled valves at outlets of the stream network, the system comprising:flow sensor and an inlet pressure sensor positioned at the inlet;
a downstream pressure sensor positioned in a branch of the network downstream of the inlet, wherein the branch feeds one of the independently-controlled valves; and
a data receiving and processing device storing one or more programs, the one or more programs comprising instructions, which when executed by one or more processors cause the device to:
receive a flow reading from the flow sensor,
receive a first pressure reading from the inlet pressure sensor,
receive a second pressure reading from the downstream pressure sensor,
estimate a pressure difference based on the first pressure reading and the second pressure reading, and
detect the anomaly based on the flow reading and the pressure difference.

US Pat. No. 10,712,221

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE METER

FIMCIM S.P.A., Milan (IT...

1. A differential pressure meter comprising:a main body including:
at least one inlet opening,
at least one outlet opening,
at least one channel which places the inlet opening in fluid communication with the outlet opening,
at least one housing in turn defining an operating seat therein separate from said channel and having at least a first passage opening and at least a second passage opening configured for placing the operating seat in fluid communication with said channel;
a sealing casing inserted in said operating seat and in turn defining a respective inner volume;
a sensitive element seated in said sealing casing dividing an inner volume of said sealing casing at least into a first chamber and a second chamber, a first surface of said sensitive element is directed towards said first chamber, and a second surface of said sensitive device is directed towards said second chamber;
a first pressure intake formed on said sealing casing, said first passage opening is being-in communication with said first chamber through said first pressure intake, and
a second pressure intake formed on said sealing casing, said second passage opening is in communication with said second chamber through said second pressure intake.

US Pat. No. 10,712,219

PRESSURE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MONITORING A PRESSURE SENSOR

1. A pressure sensor for determining a pressure measurement variable, the pressure sensor comprising:a housing;
a pressure sensor element arranged in the housing, the pressure sensor element including a semiconductor material and a measuring membrane, which includes at least one integrated resistance element in contact with the measuring membrane;
a lighting source arranged in the housing; and
a control/evaluation unit,
wherein the measuring membrane is configured such that, when a first pressure is provided to a first side of the measuring membrane and a second pressure is provided to a second side of the measuring membrane, the measuring membrane experiences a pressure-dependent deflection, and the control/evaluation unit ascertains an electrical signal dependent upon the deflection using the at least one integrated resistance element for determining the pressure measurement variable,
wherein the lighting source is configured to optically excite the pressure sensor element and/or the at least one integrated resistance element, and
wherein the control/evaluation unit ascertains, based on a change of the electrical signal caused by the optical excitation, whether a malfunction of the pressure sensor is present.

US Pat. No. 10,712,218

PRESSURE SENSOR

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A method comprisingforming a deformable membrane from a silicon layer of an SOI layer spanning a cavity within a substrate, wherein the deformable membrane deflects in response to a stimuli;
forming an electrode comprising getter material, wherein the electrode is positioned on one side of the cavity and wherein the deformable membrane is positioned on another side of the cavity, and wherein the one side is opposite to the another side and face one another, and wherein the getter material is configured to collect gas molecules within the cavity,
wherein the deformable membrane and the electrode form a capacitive element, wherein the capacitive element changes capacitance in response to the deformable membrane deflecting.

US Pat. No. 10,712,215

DETECTION DEVICE AND TORQUE SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A detection device, comprising:a conductive member provided to be conductive to a grounded member having a ground potential;
a facing member having at least one portion facing the conductive member; and
a sensor portion including a sensor element, a sensor main body and a grounded terminal, the sensor element being disposed in a sensor placement region which is located between the conductive member and the facing member and in which a distance between the conductive member and the facing member is shortest, the sensor main body sealing the sensor element, and the grounded terminal protruding from the sensor main body and connected to a ground,
wherein the conductive member is provided to be conductive to the grounded terminal or a grounded wiring portion connected to the grounded terminal in a conductive region different from the sensor placement region,
wherein the conductive member has a first base portion and a first magnetism collection portion protruding from the first base portion,
wherein the facing member has a second base portion and a second magnetism collection portion protruding from the second base portion and facing the first magnetism collection portion,
wherein the sensor placement region is a region where the first magnetism collection portion and the second magnetism collection portion face each other,
wherein the sensor element detects magnetic flux between the first magnetism collection portion and the second magnetism collection portion, and
wherein the first magnetism collection portion has an escape portion protruding in a direction opposite to that toward the first base portion.

US Pat. No. 10,712,213

PRESSURE SENSOR AND WEARABLE DEVICE

ZhuHai AdvanPro Technolog...

1. A pressure sensor, comprising:a circuit board (1), which comprises an electrode area (11), wherein the electrode area (11) comprises multiple electrode pairs (10) set at intervals; and
a conducting elastic structure (2), which is set on one side of the circuit board (1) and comprises a first area (21); the first area (21) comprises a conducting part; when no pressure is applied to the conducting elastic structure (2), the conducting part is isolated from each electrode pair (10), so that each electrode pair (10) is in an off state; when a pressure which is greater than a turn-on pressure threshold is applied to the conducting elastic structure (2), the conducting elastic structure (2) deforms, so that the conducting part contacts with at least one electrode pair (10), and at least one electrode pair (10) is turned on; wherein the turn-on pressure thresholds of different electrode pairs (10) are different,
wherein the electrode area (11) comprises multiple cathodes (101) and multiple anodes (102); the cathodes (101) are in one-to-one correspondence with the anodes (102), and one cathode (101) and the corresponding anode (102) form one electrode pair (10); or
the electrode area (11) comprises one cathode (101 and multiple anodes (102); one cathode (101) and multiple anodes (102) form multiple electrode pairs (10) respectively; or
the electrode area (11) comprises one anode (102) and multiple cathodes (101); one anode (102) and multiple cathodes (101) form multiple electrode pairs (10) respectively,
wherein each cathode (101) and each anode (102) comprise a first horizontal section (04), a first vertical section (05), a second horizontal section (06) and a second vertical section (07), wherein the first horizontal section (04) is parallel to the second horizontal section (06), the first vertical section (05) is parallel to the second vertical section (07), the first vertical section (05) is connected between the first horizontal section (04) and the second horizontal section (06), and the second horizontal section (06) is connected between the first vertical section (05) and the second vertical section (07),
wherein the conducting part is made of composite material including conducting material and the elastic material.

US Pat. No. 10,712,212

OVERHEAT DETECTION USING A FIBER BRAGG GRATINGS ARRAY BY TIME-OF-FLIGHT

Kidde Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A method for detecting and determining a location of an overheat condition along an optical fiber, the method comprising:(a) executing a first set of steps, the first set of steps comprising:
i. producing a narrowband optical signal at a wavelength with at least one of a laser source and an optical pulse generator;
ii. sending the optical signal into the optical fiber, wherein the optical fiber comprises a plurality of fiber Bragg gratings at spaced locations;
iii. receiving a plurality of reflected optical signals reflected by the plurality of fiber Bragg gratings;
iv. detecting, using a photodetector, reflection intensities of the plurality of reflected optical signals;
v. comparing the reflection intensities with a triggering threshold of reflection intensity;
vi. recording response times of the plurality of reflected optical signals whenever the reflection intensity of the optical signals is greater than the triggering threshold;
vii. adjusting the narrowband optical signal to another, different wavelength; and
viii. repeating steps (i)-(vii) in order to step through a range of discrete wavelengths;
(b) identifying, based on the recorded response times, an anomaly reflected optical signal using a characteristic of the timings obtained through a range of wavelengths;
(c) determining, with a first controller, the location of the overheat condition based on recorded response times;
(d) communicating the location and existence of the overheat condition to a second controller; and
(e) executing a second set of steps to determine the triggering threshold, the second set of steps comprising:
i. adjusting, with the first controller in combination with the optical pulse generator, a first center wavelength of the optical signal sent into the optical fiber;
ii. scanning the optical fiber with a second optical pulse with a second center wavelength;
iii. stepping through a range of wavelengths;
iv. examining timings obtained from at least one of an up-crossing and a down-crossing the triggering threshold of reflection intensity; and
v. varying the triggering threshold of reflection intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,712,204

METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR PASSIVE INFRARED SENSOR FRAMEWORK

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:detecting, with a passive infrared sensor (PIR), levels of infrared radiation in a field of view (FOV) of the PIR;
generating a signal based on the levels of infrared radiation detected with the PIR over a period of time, the signal having values that exhibit a change in a level of infrared radiation as detected with the PIR;
extracting a local feature from a sample of the signal, wherein the local feature indicates a first probability that a human in the FOV caused the change in the detected levels of infrared radiation;
extracting a global feature from the sample of the signal, wherein the global feature indicates a second probability that an environmental radiation source caused the change in the detected levels of infrared radiation;
determining a score based on the local feature and the global feature by concatenating the global feature and the local feature to form a sample vector, and inputting the sample vector into a scoring function having parameters determined by a classifier; and
determining that a human motion has been detected in the FOV based on the score.

US Pat. No. 10,712,194

FLUID LEVEL SENSOR

Medallion Instrumentation...

1. A fluid sensor system for fluid held by a fluid reservoir system, the fluid reservoir system having a cap assembly for closing an opening of fluid reservoir system, said fluid sensor system comprising:a floatation device having a magnetic element, said floatation device configured to float in proximity to a surface of the fluid in the fluid reservoir system, wherein said floatation device is buoyant with respect to the fluid;
a magnetic field sensor configured to sense a magnetic field strength, said magnetic field sensor disposed on the cap assembly or a position corresponding to a substantially empty condition for the fluid reservoir system, said magnetic field sensor configured to provide a sensor output indicative of said sensed magnetic field strength, wherein said magnetic field strength varies as a function of a position of said magnetic element with respect to said magnetic field sensor, wherein said position of said magnetic element corresponds to a fluid level of the fluid that is held by the fluid reservoir system; and
sensor circuitry operably coupled to said magnetic field sensor, said sensor circuitry capable of obtaining said sensor output from said magnetic field sensor, said sensor circuitry including a processor configured to determine a fluid level of the fluid based on said sensor output indicative of said sensed magnetic field strength, said processor configured to generate an output signal based on said fluid level.

US Pat. No. 10,712,193

LIQUID LEVEL DETECTING DEVICE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A liquid level detecting device comprising:a sensor housing;
a holder which is held rotatably by the sensor housing;
an arm fixing portion provided in the holder;
a float arm which has a base portion fixed to the holder by the arm fixing portion, and which has a tip portion attached to a float;
the float which is attached to the tip portion of the float arm and varies in position following a surface level of liquid stored in a tank;
a magnet provided in the holder; and
a Hall element which is provided in the sensor housing and detects a displacement of the magnet of the holder,
wherein the float arm is fixed to the holder so as to extend in a direction perpendicular to a rotation axis of the holder and that crosses the rotation axis of the holder;
wherein the sensor housing has a pair of first stoppers which restrict a rotation angle range of the holder to a first rotation angle by bringing a portion of the float arm, which is positioned between the tip portion of the float arm and the rotation axis, into contact with one of the pair of first stoppers;
wherein the sensor housing has a pair of second stoppers which restrict the rotation angle range of the holder to a second rotation angle which is wider than the first rotation angle of the pair of first stoppers by bringing another portion of the float arm, which is positioned between the base portion of the float arm and the rotation axis, into contact with one of the pair of second stoppers; and
wherein the float arm is brought into contact with the one of the pair of second stoppers when the holder is rotated further after the float arm is brought into contact with the one of the pair of first stoppers.

US Pat. No. 10,712,168

SUBMAP GEOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS

UATC, LLC, San Francisco...

1. A method comprising:obtaining, with a computer system comprising one or more processors, map data associated with a map of a geographic location including one or more roadways, wherein the map includes a first submap represented by a first local Euclidean space and a second submap represented by a second local Euclidean space;
determining, with the computer system, a route that includes a first roadway in the first submap and a second roadway in the second submap using a first projection between a global coordinate system and the first local Euclidean space and a second projection between the global coordinate system and the second local Euclidean space; and
providing, with the computer system, the route to an autonomous vehicle (AV) for driving on the first roadway and the second roadway,
wherein the first projection is centered at a first point in the global coordinate system and transforms global coordinates in the global coordinate system to local coordinates in the first local Euclidean space of the first submap, wherein the second projection is centered at a second point in the global coordinate system that is different than the first point and transforms the global coordinates in the global coordinate system to local coordinates in the second local Euclidean space of the second submap, wherein the first point in the global coordinate system corresponds to an origin point of the first local Euclidean space, and wherein the second point in the global coordinate system corresponds to an origin point of the second local Euclidean space.

US Pat. No. 10,712,164

TRAVEL ROUTES BASED ON COMMUNICATION CHANNEL AVAILABILITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of determining a travel route, comprising:receiving, from a communication device, indications of an origin and a destination of intended travel, wherein the communication device is configured to communicate using a plurality of different types of communication channels;
receiving from the communication device a plurality of communication parameters;
determining, using a processor, a plurality of suggested travel routes between the origin and the destination, wherein each of the plurality of suggested travel routes is determined based on a respective availability of each of the plurality of different types of communication channels, or each of a plurality of different groups of the plurality of different types of communication channels, satisfying a respective threshold value for a preferred minimum level of availability specified by the communication parameters, and based on each suggested travel route not having a dead zone that exceeds a maximum communication dead zone indicated by the communication parameters;
determining, using the processor, at least a subset of the determined plurality of suggested travel routes and, for each of route in the subset, determining a percentage of the route that communication channel availability or connectivity will be maintained and determining recommended modes of communication suitable for use along the route; and
displaying, via the communication device, visual information, or generating, via the communication device, an audio output signal, indicating at least the subset of the determined plurality of suggested travel routes to a user, and, for each of route in the subset, indicating the percentage of the route that communication channel availability or connectivity will be maintained and indicating recommended modes of communication suitable for use along the route.

US Pat. No. 10,712,156

STRUCTURE USING FERROELECTRIC FILM AND SENSOR USING SAID STRUCTURE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A structure comprising:a substrate;
a first layer provided on the substrate;
a second layer provided on the first layer; and
a third layer provided on the second layer,
wherein
the first layer is a layer containing a compound represented by a chemical formula MIn2O4 using M as a metal element,
the second layer is a metal layer having a face-centered cubic structure, and
the third layer is a ferroelectric film.

US Pat. No. 10,712,154

LASER LEVEL

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. A laser level comprising:at least a first laser module including:
a laser diode, and
an optical unit including:
a collimating lens arranged along the beam path following the laser diode, and being configured for collimating a beam emitted by the laser diode;
a pair of partially transmitting mirrors, each arranged along the beam path after the collimating lens, and configured for laterally reflecting less than half of the collimated beam in terms of a beam cross-section and
in terms of a beam intensity; and
a cylindrical lens arranged along the beam path after the pair of partially transmitting mirrors, and configured for shaping:
(i) the parts of the collimated beam which transmitted through the pair of partially transmitting mirrors, and
(ii) the part of the collimated beam which bypassed the pair of partially transmitting mirrors into a fan beam;
a holder for fixing the first laser module in a fixed relative position; and
a housing, in which the holder is suspended with a gimbal or ball joint.

US Pat. No. 10,712,153

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ULTRASONIC MOTOR AND SURVEYING INSTRUMENT FOR THE SAME

TOPCON CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A method for controlling an ultrasonic motor in a surveying instrument including a rotary shaft, an ultrasonic motor that drives the rotary shaft, a tracking unit that includes a light emitting unit and a light receiving unit and tracks a target, a clock signal oscillation unit that outputs a clock signal, and a control unit that outputs a drive signal to the ultrasonic motor and controls the timing of light emission of the tracking unit, whereinat the time of low-speed rotation of the ultrasonic motor,
the control unit performs intermittent driving, such that in the intermittent driving, an acceleration period in which the drive signal is applied and a deceleration period in which the drive signal is stopped are respectively provided once in a driving cycle of the drive signal, and
the control unit synchronizes the ultrasonic motor and the tracking unit based on the clock signal, sets a ratio of the acceleration period and the deceleration period in the drive cycle of the drive signal, and makes the light emitting unit of the tracking unit emit light and the light receiving unit receive the light only in the deceleration period after the termination of the drive signal toward the end of the drive cycle and images the target only in the deceleration period before outputting a subsequent drive signal and switching to a subsequent acceleration period in each of all of the drive cycles so as to avoid the occurrence of a blurring image.

US Pat. No. 10,712,151

SENSOR DEVICE FOR DETERMINING ALIGNMENT/MISALIGNMENT OF A LASER BEAM RELATIVE TO A GAS NOZZLE OF A LASER MACHINING HEAD

1. A portable sensor device for determining alignment/misalignment of a laser beam relative to a gas nozzle of a laser machining head comprising:a sensor housing provided with mounting means adapted to mount the housing to a laser machining head, wherein the sensor housing is configured to be held safely by the mounting means to the laser machining head,
a camera device comprising a camera, the camera device is provided in the sensor housing, so that the camera faces the tip of the gas nozzle when the sensor housing is mounted to the laser machining head for visualizing an orifice of the gas nozzle and a pilot laser simultaneously, and
output means for outputting image signals obtained by the camera,
wherein the camera device comprises centering means arranged in a defined distance in front of the camera and adapted to center the camera against the gas nozzle when the sensor housing is mounted to the laser machining head.

US Pat. No. 10,712,132

TOWED, AUTONOMOUS, OR REMOTELY CONTROLLED AIRBORNE MOBILE SYSTEM INCLUDING A PLURALITY OF REFLECTION STRUCTURE SECTIONS AND SHAPES ADAPTED FOR ATTRACTING ATTENTION OF SEARCH SYSTEMS CONFIGURED FOR SENSING PATTERN RECOGNITION BASED ELECTROMAGNETIC OR VISUA

The United States of Amer...

1. A system configured for attracting attention or focus of an operator or system with a sensor comprising:a first mobile object comprising an airborne system including a first control system and a first propulsion system configured to propel or raise the first mobile object;
a second mobile object comprising a second propulsion system and a second control system configured to move within at least a portion of a fluid or gas; and
an inflatable structure having a first end and a second end and adapted to float or become airborne upon inflation comprising:
a plurality of segments coupled together, said plurality of segments comprising electromagnetic reflecting materials of different thicknesses and sections, said plurality of segments include a plurality of inflatable sections which are coupled together to form a plurality of electromagnetic spectrum reflective cross sectional signal reflection profiles formed to create a first plurality of predetermined electromagnetic reflections from one or more predetermined electromagnetic signal sources;
a plurality of reflective protrusions extending away from sections of one or more said plurality of segments, said plurality of reflective protrusions are formed to create a second plurality of predetermined electromagnetic reflections from said one or more predetermined electromagnetic signal sources;
a plurality of electromagnetic energy emitters and control systems coupled to two or more said plurality of segments of said inflatable structure configured to generate electromagnetic energy correlated to a predetermined electromagnetic energy pattern associated with at least one infrared and visual spectrum signatures associated with an object of interest;
one or more inflatable gas bags contained within said inflatable structure, said inflatable gas bags configured to stabilize said inflatable structure into a position that contributes to generating said first plurality of predetermined electromagnetic reflections;
a weighted cable connected to said first end and said second end of said inflatable structure, said weighted cable configured to keep uniform spacing between said first end and said second end and to stabilize said inflatable structure into said position forming at least said first plurality of predetermined electromagnetic reflections;
a first and second tether sections adapted to couple said inflatable structure to said first mobile object and said second mobile objects; and
a blower coupled to the second mobile object configured to force a heated buoyancy gas into the inflatable structure wherein the blower provides heated gas into said inflatable structure so as to provide heated lighter than air gas into the inflatable structure so that the inflatable structure, once inflated, has a specific shape along the inflatable structure associated with at least a portion of the infrared spectrum signature of the object of interest;
wherein the inflatable structure comprises helium gas storage sections in addition to another type of gas.

US Pat. No. 10,712,131

HANDHELD NON-LETHAL DAZZLING SYSTEM

1. A non-lethal binocular dazzling device comprising:a first optical housing including a first eye piece, a first objective lens, and a first mechanical focal element, the first optical housing being substantially cylindrical in shape;
a second optical housing including a second eye piece, a second objective lens, and a second mechanical focal element, the second optical housing being substantially cylindrical in shape;
an articulated bridge coupling the first optical housing to the second optical housing;
a dazzling module operatively coupled to the articulating bridge, the dazzling module comprising:
a laser drive circuit;
a pushbutton operatively coupled to the laser drive circuit whereby the laser drive circuit is activated by a press of the pushbutton and produces a laser drive power;
a dazzling laser coupled to and driven by the laser drive circuit, whereby the dazzling laser produces a beam proportional to the laser drive power.

US Pat. No. 10,712,127

SPLINE ATTACHMENT

1. A mounting assembly, comprising:a base unit, including a substantially planar hard mount component having a substantially cylindrical receiver disposed within a perimeter of the substantially planar hard mount component and extending outwardly from the substantially planar hard mount component, the base unit includes a cavity within an interior of the base unit extending from an opening at an edge of the base unit to form a first branch of the cavity that abuts the receiver, a portion of the first branch intersecting the substantially cylindrical receiver to form a first slotted opening in a cylindrical wall of the receiver, the receiver having a preselected quantity of receiving splines;
a post unit including a shaft having a preselected quantity of input splines, the shaft adapted to securely fit within the receiver, and the input splines adapted to mesh with the receiving splines to removably couple the post unit to the base unit; and
a locking mechanism including a first leg that has a catch portion and a splined portion, wherein the first leg is arranged to move within the first branch of the cavity when the locking mechanism is moved between a locked position and an unlocked position, and wherein the catch portion protrudes through the first slotted opening and blocks the input splines of the shaft when the shaft is inserted into the receiver and the locking mechanism is in the locked position; and wherein a plurality of splines of the splined portion aligns with a plurality of the receiving splines and a plurality of the input splines of the shaft and allows the shaft to be removed from the receiver when the locking mechanism is in the unlocked position.

US Pat. No. 10,712,124

RETENTION CLIP

TULSTER, LLC, Jenks, OK ...

1. A retainer clip comprising:a body having a first end, second end, top, bottom, first side and second side;
an arm extending from said body at a junction on said second end;
said arm folded so as to extend along said bottom of said body such that said arm is spaced from said body;
said arm including a distal segment which is not connected to or inserted into said body;
said body including an aperture extending through said body from said top to said bottom;
a stop pin positioned in said aperture and capable of extending in said space between said bottom of said body and said arm.

US Pat. No. 10,712,122

FIREARM ACCESSORY MOUNT

TACTICAL REVOLUTION, LLC,...

1. A firearm accessory mount comprises:a left tactical rail;
a right tactical rail;
a gas-cylinder clamp;
an upper tactical rail;
an elongated fixture with a transversal arc-shaped cross section;
the gas-cylinder clamp comprises a first elongated jaw body, a second elongated jaw body, and a cylinder-receiving hole;
the first elongated jaw body being detachably attached along the second elongated jaw body;
the cylinder-receiving hole being delineated in between the first elongated jaw body and the second elongated jaw body;
the left tactical rail and the right tactical rail being connected along the first elongated jaw body;
the left tactical rail and the right tactical rail being positioned opposite to each other about the cylinder-receiving hole;
the elongated fixture being detachably attached along the first elongated jaw body, opposite to the second elongated jaw body;
a barrel-receiving hole being laterally delineated by the elongated fixture;
the upper tactical rail being connected along the elongated fixture;
the upper tactical rail and the first elongated jaw being positioned opposite to each other about the barrel-receiving hole;
a rotation-inhibiting feature;
an offsetting feature;
the offsetting feature and the rotation-inhibiting feature being positioned opposite to each other along the first elongated jaw body;
the rotation-inhibiting feature comprises a first tab and a second tab;
the first tab and the second tab being terminally connected to the first elongated jaw body;
the first tab and the second tab being positioned parallel to each other;
the first tab and the second tab being tangentially positioned to the cylinder-receiving hole; and
the first tab and the second tab being positioned opposite to each other about the cylinder-receiving hole.

US Pat. No. 10,712,117

PROJECTILE LAUNCHER AND TRIGGER

1. A projectile launcher apparatus comprising:a body which is formed by a pair of telescopic frame members and a pair of frame tubular members, the pair of telescopic frame members having a first cross member extending between the pair of telescopic frame members near a bottom end of the pair of telescopic frame members and each telescopic frame member having a respective frame tubular member attached to its top end, wherein the pair of telescopic frame members are collapsed during storage and/or transporting of the apparatus by sliding inward each telescopic frame member into the respective attached frame tubular member and are extended in an operational mode of the apparatus by sliding outward each telescopic frame member out from within the respective attached frame tubular member;
a pair of telescopic leg members which are rotatably attached to the body, the pair of telescopic leg members having a second cross member extending between the pair of telescopic leg members near a bottom end of the pair of telescopic leg members and each telescopic leg member having a leg tubular member attached to its top end and each leg tubular member is attached to a respective one of the pair of frame tubular members, wherein the pair of telescopic leg members are collapsed during storage and/or transporting of the apparatus by sliding each telescopic leg member into a respective attached leg tubular member and are extended in an operational mode of the apparatus by pulling each telescopic leg member out from within the respective attached leg tubular member;
a pair of fork members which are rotatably attached to the pair of frame tubular members and to the leg tubular members, each fork member is attached to a corresponding one of the frame tubular members and to a corresponding one of the leg tubular members, the pair of fork members having a third cross member extending between the pair of fork members, wherein the pair of fork members are oriented in a folded parallel position with the body and the pair of telescopic leg members during storage and/or transporting of the apparatus and are oriented in an unfolded perpendicular position with the body and are oriented in an unfolded semi-perpendicular position with the pair of telescopic leg members in an operational mode of the apparatus; and
a plurality of locking mechanisms for retaining the telescopic members in an extended position during the operational mode of the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,712,115

MODULAR TURRET

CMI DEFENCE S.A., Loncin...

1. A modular turret for an armored vehicle, comprising:an invariable and unique basic structural unit configured to be interchangeable, called a standard shell, equipped with interface means; and
a plurality of interchangeable and removable functional structures securable to the standard shell by fastening means which are specific and distinctive for a connection of each functional structure to the standard shell, the interface means being configured to allow an assembly of a set of different structures of a same functional type on the standard shell at an interfacing zone on the latter,
wherein the standard shell comprises an assembly of a plurality of plates with different shapes and sizes giving the standard shell a geometric shape with fixed dimensions, the plates having at least one of orifices or connectors configured to fasten the interchangeable and removable functional structures, the plurality of plates comprising:
a base metal sheet comprising a base of the standard shell over an entire surface area thereof, and a center of which is pierced to define a fastening of a ring;
two cannon support plates situated in front of the standard shell, and positioned perpendicular relative to the base metal sheet, each of the two cannot support plates comprising an orifice configured to receive at least one of a cannon module or a secondary weapon module;
side metal sheets starting from the cannon support plates, following the base metal sheet to end behind the standard shell;
an interface plate connecting the side metal sheet to a rear of the standard shell perpendicular to the base metal sheet, the interface plate comprising a fastening means for a bustle rack;
upper metal sheets cooperating with the cannon support plates, the side metal sheets, and the interface plate so as to close the standard shell, and
wherein the standard shell further comprises:
two arches providing a junction between the front and rear of the standard shell, the two arches having a fixed height and forming a rectilinear channel extending from the cannon support plates to the interface plate, so that the arches define, inside the standard shell, three invariable zones independently of an actual cannon module, a position of the arches defining fictive plans which, once extended downward with respect to the base metal sheet, make similarly appear the three invariable zones at a level of a basket mounted on the standard shell; and
a cover, over the arches, at least one of a shape or a height of which reflects a recoil created by the cannon module.

US Pat. No. 10,712,111

SAFETY SELECTOR ASSEMBLIES

WHG Properties, LLC, Nor...

1. A safety selector assembly for a firearm, comprising:a cylinder sized and shaped to be rotatably received within a lower receiver of the firearm, the cylinder comprising a cylinder end;
a lever detachably coupled to the cylinder end and having a recess that faces the cylinder end when the lever is detachably coupled to the cylinder end; and
a threaded member configured to threadably engage the cylinder end such that a surface of the lever that faces the cylinder end is urged away from the cylinder end,
wherein the lever is retained on the cylinder end when an end of the threaded member is disposed within the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,712,109

HAPTIC FIREARM MAGAZINE

17. A firearm magazine comprising:a first portion and a second portion, the second portion is more rigid than the first portion, and a periodic force having a frequency is applied to the magazine and moves the first portion more than the second portion according to a predicted standing wave pattern for the magazine body; and
an alternate first portion and an alternate second portion, wherein the alternate second portion is more rigid than the alternate first portion and together have an alternate natural frequency than the first portion and second portion; and a periodic force having an alternate frequency is applied to the magazine and moves the alternate first portion more than the alternate second portion according to a predicted standing wave pattern for the magazine body and alternate frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,712,105

HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS AND METHODS OF USE

EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND E...


wherein the heat transfer fluid has a NEFfluid value equal to or greater than 1.0.

US Pat. No. 10,712,103

HEAT SHIELD AND A HEAT SHIELD ASSEMBLY

Zircotec IP Limited, Oxf...

1. A heat shield comprising a metal sheet with a thermal sprayed layer of ceramic material thereon, the sheet defining an array of at least one of dimples and pimples such that any notional plane intersecting the coated surface of the metal sheet creates a notional line of intersection which intersects at least some dimples and/or pimples.

US Pat. No. 10,712,102

INJECTION-MOLDED FLEXIBLE COLD PLATE

International Business Ma...

1. A cold plate structure comprising:a first thermally active region comprising a first plurality of fins formed as a unitary structure with a first fin base, wherein the first fin base mechanically conforms to the topology of a second structure against which the first thermally active region makes contact; and
a bottom wall surrounding the first thermally active region and formed as a unitary structure with the first fin base, wherein the bottom wall and an opposing top wall enclose the first thermally active region and a plenum adjacent the first thermally active region, wherein a thickness of the bottom wall at the plenum is reduced from a thickness of the first fin base at the first thermally active region.

US Pat. No. 10,712,099

HEAT PIPE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A heat pipe, comprising;an outer tube including a first end and a second end, the first end closed to be air tight;
a box connected to the second end of the outer tube, a cross-sectional area of the box perpendicular to the central axis of the outer tube is larger than a cross-sectional area of the outer tube perpendicular to its axis;
an inner tube positioned in the outer tube, a central axis of the inner tube parallel to the central axis of the outer tube, including a third end and a fourth end, the third end of the inner tube closer to the first end of the outer tube than the fourth end of the inner tube and open in the outer tube;
a partition tube including a fifth end and a sixth end and wider from the fifth end toward the sixth end, the fifth end of the partition tube connected with the fourth end to form a first opening, a part of the sixth end connected on an inner surface of the box and the other part of the sixth end not connected on the inner surface to form a second opening; and
a liquid working-fluid accommodated at a first end of the outer tube with the third end of the inner tube immersed, the liquid working-fluid absorbs heat and evaporates to be a gaseous working-fluid filled in a space formed by the second end of the outer tube and the box.

US Pat. No. 10,712,097

OFFSET FIN AND HEAT EXCHANGER HAVING SAME

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An offset fin for a heat exchanger, the offset fin comprising:a first corrugation structure including a plurality of first fins, each of which has a protruding shape in cross-section and which are aligned in a first direction;
a second corrugation structure including a plurality of second fins, each of which has a protruding shape in cross-section and which are aligned in the first direction, the second corrugation structure being disposed in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, with respect to the first corrugation structure; and
a third corrugation structure including a plurality of third fins which protrude alternately in the third direction, the third fins each having a protruding shape in cross-section and being aligned in the first direction, the third corrugation structure being disposed on an opposite side of the first corrugation structure with respect to the second corrugation structure,
wherein:
the plurality of first fins alternately protrude at opposite orientations to each other in a third direction orthogonal to both the first direction and the second direction,
the plurality of second fins alternately protrude at opposite orientations to each other in the third direction,
the second fins are disposed offset from the first fins along the first direction,
each of the plurality of first fins includes a first side wall inclined with respect to the second direction in a range from 30° to 65° inclusive,
each of the plurality of second fins includes a second side wall inclined with respect to the second direction in a range from 30° to 65° inclusive, at a side opposite to a side at which the first side wall is inclined, and
the first side wall has an angle of inclination in a range from 5° to 40° with respect to the third direction, and the second side wall has an angle of inclination in a range from 5° to 40° with respect to the third direction,
each of the plurality of third fins has a third side wall inclined with respect to the second direction, at a side opposite to a side at which the second side wall is inclined, andan inclination angle of each of the plurality of third fins with respect to the second direction is different from an inclination angle of each of the plurality of first fins with respect to the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,712,096

METHOD FOR OPERATING A HEAT EXCHANGE SYSTEM WITH A BYPASS DUCT AND HEAT EXCHANGE SYSTEM WITH A BYPASS DUCT

1. A method for operating a heat exchange system with:at least one heat exchange chamber with heat exchange chamber boundaries which surround at least one heat exchange chamber interior of the heat exchange chamber, wherein
the heat exchange chamber boundaries include at least one first opening for guiding in an inflow of at least one heat transfer fluid into the at least one heat exchange chamber interior during a charging process and at least one second opening for guiding out an outflow of the at least one heat transfer fluid out of the at least one heat exchange chamber interior during a charging process, wherein the at least one second opening is used for guiding in an inflow of the at least one heat transfer fluid into the at least one heat exchange chamber interior and the at least one first opening is used for guiding out an outflow of the at least one heat transfer fluid out of the at least one heat exchange chamber interior during a discharging process;
at least one heat storage material is arranged in the at least one heat exchange chamber interior such that a heat exchange flow of the at least one heat transfer fluid through the at least one heat exchange chamber interior causes a heat exchange between the at least one heat storage material and the at least one heat transfer fluid;
at least one bypass piping system capable of guiding bypass heat transfer fluid outside the heat exchange chamber interior during the discharging process; and
at least one fluid mixing station for mixing the at least one heat transfer fluid coming from the heat exchange chamber interior during the discharging process and the bypass heat transfer fluid coming from the bypass piping system during the discharging process;whereinduring the charging process with a heat transfer from the at least one heat transfer fluid to the at least one heat storage material a heat transfer fluid of more than 700° C. is used;
during the discharging process with a heat transfer from the at least one heat storage material to the at least one heat transfer fluid, a discharge temperature of discharged transfer fluid is controlled to be maintained constant until the discharge temperature falls below a design temperature, wherein the control to be maintained constant is carried out by mixing of the at least one heat transfer fluid coming from the at least one heat exchange chamber interior with the bypass heat transfer fluid coming from the bypass piping system having a temperature that is less than the temperature of the at least one heat transfer fluid coming from the at least one heat exchange chamber interior.

US Pat. No. 10,712,095

HEAT EXCHANGER CONSTRUCTION

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of conduits that extend between a first endplate and a second endplate;
a first manifold coupled to the first endplate to couple the first manifold to first ends of the plurality of conduits;
an inlet coupled to the first manifold to direct a first fluid into the first manifold;
at least one baffle disposed within the first manifold to form a first cavity and a second cavity and configured to direct the first fluid from the inlet to a first conduit of the plurality of conduits;
a second manifold coupled to the second endplate to couple the second manifold to second ends of the plurality of conduits;
at least one baffle disposed within the second manifold to form a fourth cavity and a fifth cavity and configured to direct the first fluid from the first conduit to a second conduit of the plurality of conduits;
wherein the first conduit is coupled to the first cavity of the first manifold and the fourth cavity of the second manifold and the second conduit is coupled to the fourth cavity of the second manifold and the second cavity of the first manifold; and
wherein adjacent conduits of the plurality of conduits form a horizontal row such that each adjacent conduit of the horizontal row is arranged to direct flow of the first fluid in each adjacent conduit of the horizontal row in opposite directions.

US Pat. No. 10,712,092

REDUCTION OF REGENERATOR CLOGGING

Praxair Technology, Inc.,...

1. A combustion method comprising(A) combusting fuel and gaseous oxidant in a furnace to generate heat of combustion which heats a charge in the furnace and generate gaseous combustion products which include alkali vapor species,
(B) passing a gaseous flue gas stream comprising gaseous combustion products from the furnace through a first passageway in a heat recovery device wherein the first passageway has surfaces exposed to the flue gas stream, to heat the surfaces and cool the flue gas stream, and forming liquid or solid deposits on the surfaces by interaction between components of the combustion products, and passing cooled depleted flue gas out of the first passageway,
(C) discontinuing passage of the flue gas stream through the first passageway and then passing a gaseous reducing stream through the first passageway in the direction opposite to the flow direction of the flue gas stream in contact with said deposits to react the gaseous reducing stream with the deposits and thereby causing removal of deposits from the surfaces and forming in the first passageway a gaseous byproduct stream comprising products of reaction of the deposits with the reducing stream, wherein the gaseous reducing stream is produced by passing a gaseous flue gas stream comprising gaseous combustion products from the furnace through a second passageway in a heat recovery device wherein the second passageway has surfaces exposed to the flue gas stream to heat the surfaces and cool the flue gas stream, passing cooled depleted flue gas out of the second passageway, and combining cooled depleted flue gas from the second passageway with fuel, and
(D) passing the byproduct stream from the first passageway into the furnace and combusting reducing components in said byproduct stream in the furnace.

US Pat. No. 10,712,085

REFRIGERATOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet comprising a storage chamber;
a first door rotatably coupled to the cabinet to open and close a first region of the storage chamber; and
a second door rotatably coupled to the cabinet and disposed laterally with respect to the first door to open and close a second region different from the first region of the storage chamber,
wherein the second door comprises:
a main door including a first frame unit having a hole, a lighting device configured to illuminate the storage chamber or the hole, and a door storage; and
a sub door configured to cover the hole and disposed in front of the door storage;
wherein the sub door includes:
a second frame unit having an opening;
a front panel configured to cover the opening and made of a transparent material;
an insulation panel made of a transparent material and disposed behind the front panel to define a sealed space between the front panel and the insulation panel;
wherein at least one of the second region or the door storage of the main door is viewable through the front panel of the sub door from an outside when the lighting device is turned on.

US Pat. No. 10,712,082

REFRIGERATOR APPLIANCE WITH AUTOMATIC OPEN DRAWER FRONT

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. A refrigerator appliance, comprising:a cabinet defining a fresh food storage chamber and a frozen food storage chamber;
a drawer slidably mounted within one of the fresh food storage chamber and the frozen food storage chamber, the drawer comprising:
a drawer body defining an interior of the drawer;
a door attached to the drawer body via a hinge whereby the door is rotatable relative to the drawer body between a closed position where the door encloses the interior of the drawer and an open position to provide access to the interior of the drawer; and
a latch configured to retain the door in the closed position when the latch is in a locked position; wherein the latch comprises a hook, the hinge comprises a hinge body with a bar connected to an interior surface of the hinge body, and the hook of the latch is configured to engage the bar of the hinge body when the latch is in the locked position and the door is in the closed position, whereby the door is retained in the closed position by the engagement of the hook with the bar;
wherein the drawer is slidable between a retracted position where the door of the drawer is proximate the cabinet and an extended position where the door of the drawer is spaced apart from the cabinet, and wherein the latch is configured to move from the locked position to an unlocked position and thereby release the door of the drawer when the drawer slides to the extended position, whereby the door is rotatable to the open position when the drawer slides to the extended position.

US Pat. No. 10,712,080

VACUUM INSULATED REFRIGERATOR CABINET

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

12. A vacuum insulated refrigerator cabinet structure, comprising:a wrapper having a base wall and four sidewalls having inner and outer sides and extending transversely from the base wall to form four elongated inside corners and a first peripheral edge extending around a first main opening;
a liner disposed inside the wrapper to define a vacuum cavity between the wrapper and the liner, the liner having a base wall and four sidewalls having inner and outer sides and extending transversely from the base wall, wherein each sidewall includes a free edge opposite the base wall forming a second peripheral edge extending around a second main opening, wherein the first and second peripheral edges are spaced apart to form a gap;
porous material disposed in the vacuum cavity between the wrapper and the liner;
elongated corner stiffeners disposed at each elongated inside corner of the wrapper, wherein each elongated corner stiffener includes an opening having adhesive disposed therein;
a resilient ring extending across the gap, the resilient ring including four corners, wherein each corner includes a pin projecting from the corner into the openings of the elongated corner stiffeners and into the adhesive disposed in the openings, and wherein the resilient ring is adhesively secured to the wrapper and to the liner.

US Pat. No. 10,712,074

REFRIGERATOR WITH TANDEM EVAPORATORS

MIDEA GROUP CO., LTD., B...

30. A refrigerator, comprising:a cabinet including first and second compartments;
a door coupled to the cabinet adjacent an opening of the first compartment and configured to provide access to the first compartment;
an ice maker mold configured to produce ice;
first and second evaporators, wherein the first evaporator is in fluid communication with one of the first and second compartments;
a sub-compartment housing the second evaporator and defining a volume that is at least partially segregated from the other of the first and second compartments,
a damper interposed between the first and second evaporators to control airflow from the first evaporator to the second evaporator, and
one or more fans positioned to move air across each of the first and second evaporators,
wherein the first evaporator and the one or more fans are configured and disposed within the refrigerator to move air from the one of the first and second compartments across the first evaporator to generate cooled air from the air moved from the one of the first and second compartments and supply a first portion of the cooled air to the one of the first and second compartments to cool the one of the first and second compartments; and
wherein the second evaporator and the one or more fans are configured and disposed within the refrigerator to directly move a second portion of the cooled air from the first evaporator through the damper, into the sub-compartment and across the second evaporator to generate a further cooled second portion of the cooled air and supply at least a portion of the further cooled second portion of the cooled air to the ice maker mold to cool the ice maker mold when the door is in a closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,712,071

COLD STORAGE ASSEMBLY

1. A cold storage assembly comprising:a shell defining an interior space, said shell comprising membranous polymer such that said shell is flexible, said shell having a top, said top being open wherein said shell is configured for inserting items into said interior space said shell comprising an outer layer and an inner layer, said outer layer being insulated, said inner layer being thermally conductive;
a lid pivotally coupled to a back of said shell adjacent to said top wherein said lid is positioned for selectively closing said top;
a plurality of panels selectively couplable to an inner surface of said shell such that said panels extend between a front and a back of said shell defining a plurality of compartments wherein said panels are configured for separating the items; and
a cooling unit coupled to said shell, said cooling unit comprising
an evaporator said evaporator comprising a conduit positioned between said outer layer and said inner layer,
a condenser, wherein said cooling unit is positioned for cooling said interior space and the items positioned therein,
a housing defining an internal space, said condenser being coupled to said housing and positioned in said internal space,
a power module coupled to said housing and positioned in said internal space, and
a compressor coupled to said housing and positioned in said internal space, said compressor being operationally coupled to said power module, said evaporator, and said condenser, said conduit being coupled to and extending between said condenser and said compressor, said conduit being loopedly positioned in said back, a bottom, and opposing sides of said shell.

US Pat. No. 10,712,070

NESTABLE SUNSHADE COOLERS

1. A nestable sunshade cooler, comprising:a cooler enclosure including:
an enclosure bottom panel;
a pair of spaced-apart enclosure side panels extending from the enclosure bottom panel;
an enclosure front panel and an enclosure rear panel extending from the enclosure bottom panel in spaced-apart relationship to each other between the pair of spaced-apart enclosure side panels;
a plurality of enclosure corners joining the pair of spaced-apart enclosure side panels to the enclosure front panel and the enclosure rear panel to the pair of spaced-apart enclosure side panels, respectively;
an enclosure rim on the pair of spaced-apart enclosure side panels, the enclosure front panel and the enclosure rear panel; and
the pair of spaced-apart enclosure side panels, the enclosure front panel and the enclosure rear panel angle outwardly from the enclosure bottom panel to the enclosure rim to form a substantially trapezoidal shape in longitudinal sectional view and cross-sectional view of the cooler enclosure, whereby multiple ones of the cooler enclosure are capable of nesting inside one another;
at least one accessory mount assembly carried by the cooler enclosure, the at least one accessory mount assembly suitably configured to removably mount at least one accessory on the cooler enclosure; and
a cooler lid selectively detachably carried by and deployable between open and closed positions on the cooler enclosure to open and close the enclosure interior, the cooler lid including:
a cooler lid panel having a front lid edge, a rear lid edge, side lid edges, an inner lid surface and an outer lid surface;
at least one lid cavity recessed in the outer lid surface of the cooler lid panel, the at least one lid cavity sized and configured to contain at least one cutting board; and
at least one flexible retainer flange on the outer lid surface of the cooler lid, the at least one flexible retainer flange protruding over the at least one lid cavity, the at least one flexible retainer flange configured to removably retain the at least one cutting board in the at least one lid cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,712,069

COMPACT ICE MAKING SYSTEM HAVING TWO PART ICE TRAY PORTION

BSH Home Appliances Corpo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a fresh food compartment;
a freezer compartment;
an ice compartment disposed in the fresh food compartment;
an ice maker assembly disposed in the ice compartment, the ice maker assembly including an ice maker tray/evaporator, the ice maker tray/evaporator comprising a two part ice tray portion having an upper tray portion with at least one cavity for forming ice, and a separate and distinct lower portion with at least one fin, and an evaporator cooling tube which is disposed between the upper tray portion and the lower portion, such that the evaporator cooling tube is sandwiched between the upper tray portion and the lower portion; and
an ice bucket for storing ice, the ice bucket being disposed in the ice compartment,
wherein the upper tray portion and the lower portion are formed of at least one of aluminum or an aluminum alloy, and
wherein the at least one fin extends downward substantially vertically into an airflow passage under the ice maker tray/evaporator, such that air is drawn through the airflow passage and passes over the lower portion and the at least one fin of the ice maker/evaporator and a resulting cool air is directed to the ice bucket to prevent any ice pieces in the ice bucket from melting.

US Pat. No. 10,712,067

AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning apparatus including a refrigeration cycle in which a compressor, an outdoor heat exchanger, an expansion valve, and an indoor heat exchanger are connected in a circuit,the air-conditioning apparatus comprising:
an indoor air temperature sensor configured to detect an indoor air temperature of a space in which the air-conditioning apparatus is installed; and
a controller configured to control a rotation speed of the compressor such that the indoor air temperature of the space reaches a setting temperature of the air-conditioning apparatus,
wherein the controller is configured to, when the compressor is stopped and not operating during heating operation of the air-conditioning apparatus and a decrease amount of the indoor air temperature detected by the indoor air temperature sensor at a preset first time interval is equal to or smaller than a first threshold, decrease the rotation speed of the compressor at next operation of the compressor by a predetermined amount, from the rotation speed before the stop of the compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,712,063

FROZEN PRODUCT DISPENSING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

FBD PARTNERSHIP, LP, San...

1. A refrigeration device comprising:(a) a freezing chamber for freezing a product;
(b) an evaporator for cooling the freezing chamber to a temperature sufficient to permit freezing of the product;
(c) an expansion valve coupled to the evaporator for regulating the flow of refrigerant through the evaporator;
(d) a sensor for sensing the temperature of the of the refrigerant flowing through the expansion valve and generating a sensed temperature signal corresponding to the sensed temperature;
(e) a memory structure including a first set of data defining a first range of predetermined temperature values and a second set of data defining a second range of predetermined temperature values wherein the first range of temperature values is broader than and includes the second range of temperature values;
(f) a controller that receives the sensed temperature signal from the sensor and controls the operation of the expansion valve to control the flow of refrigerant through the evaporator to cool the freezing chamber; and
(g) wherein, during a first time interval, the controller:
(i) controls the operation of the expansion valve at least in part in response to the sensed temperature signal if the sensed temperature signal is within the first range of predetermined temperature values; and
(ii) considers as inaccurate any sensed temperature signal outside the first range; and
(h) wherein, during a second time interval, the controller:
(i) controls the operation of the expansion valve at least in part in response to the sensed temperature signal if the sensed temperature signal is within the second range of predetermined temperature values; and
(ii) considers as inaccurate any sensed temperature signal outside the second range.

US Pat. No. 10,712,062

REFRIGERANT DISTRIBUTOR AND AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS USING THE SAME

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A refrigerant distributor comprising:a first introduction pipe configured to be open at a first end and closed at a second end and to cause refrigerant to flow from the first end toward the second end;
a second introduction pipe configured to be closed in ends on both upstream and downstream sides and to cause the refrigerant to flow in a direction opposite to a refrigerant flow direction in the first introduction pipe;
a plurality of branch pipes connected to the second introduction pipe along the direction of the refrigerant through the second introduction pipe; and
an adjusting pipe configured to connect the first introduction pipe and the second introduction pipe,
the adjusting pipe connecting a part of the first introduction pipe, the part being on a side of the second end, connecting a side of the second end of the first introduction pipe to between an end of the second introduction pipe on the upstream side and an upstream-most branch pipe of the plurality of branch pipes, the upstream-most branch pipe being connected to a most upstream side of the second introduction pipe among the plurality of branch pipes,
wherein the adjusting pipe has a U-shape in top view.

US Pat. No. 10,712,061

AIR CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air conditioning apparatus, comprising:a refrigeration circuit in which a refrigerant circulates through a compressor, an indoor heat exchanger, an expansion valve and an outdoor heat exchanger in this order during heating operation;
a four-way valve configured to connect a refrigerant outlet of the compressor to the indoor heat exchanger during the heating operation, and to connect a refrigerant inlet of the compressor to the indoor heat exchanger during cooling operation;
a flow restriction valve configured to restrict a flow of the refrigerant from the compressor; and
a single switching valve provided in a flow path between the compressor and the outdoor heat exchanger, wherein
the outdoor heat exchanger including a first heat exchange unit and a second heat exchange unit having flow paths independent of each other,
the single switching valve including:
a first connection port connected to the refrigerant outlet of the compressor,
a second connection port connected to the first heat exchange unit during the heating operation,
a third connection port connected to the second heat exchange unit during the heating operation, and
a fourth connection port connected to the refrigerant inlet of the compressor during the heating operation,
during the heating operation, the second connection port, the third connection port and the fourth connection port being communicated with one another and not being communicated with the first connection port,
during defrosting operation of the first heat exchange unit, the first connection port and the second connection port being communicated with each other, and the third connection port and the fourth connection port being communicated with each other, and
during defrosting operation of the second heat exchange unit, the first connection port and the third connection port being communicated with each other, and the second connection port and the fourth connection port being communicated with each other,
the flow restriction valve being provided in a flow path connecting the refrigerant outlet of the compressor to the first connection port to restrict the flow of the refrigerant from the compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,712,060

POWER GENERATION METHOD

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Hyogo ...

1. A method for generating power using a power generation device comprising a circulation pathway through which a working medium circulates, an evaporator which evaporates the working medium via heat exchange with a heat source, an expander which expands the evaporated working medium, and a power generator which generates power by a rotational driving force due to expansion of the working medium, the power generation method comprising:a step of, during reference operation for circulating a predetermined reference refrigerant as the working medium within the circulation pathway and operating the power generation device, acquiring information of a control target value of degree of superheat of the reference refrigerant evaporated in the evaporator;
a step of filling as the working medium, in the circulation pathway, mixed refrigerants formed by mixing at least one kind of high vapor pressure refrigerant having a vapor pressure higher than that of the reference refrigerant and at least one kind of low vapor pressure refrigerant having a vapor pressure lower than that of the reference refrigerant in the ratio in which the vapor pressure thereof is equalized to that of the reference refrigerant; and
a step of operating the power generation device while circulating the mixed refrigerants as the working medium within the circulation pathway and controlling degree of superheat of the mixed refrigerants evaporated in the evaporator so as to be equalized to the control target value of the degree of superheat of the reference refrigerant.

US Pat. No. 10,712,058

ROTARY COMPRESSOR AND REFRIGERATION CYCLE DEVICE

FUJITSU GENERAL LIMITED, ...

1. A rotary compressor comprising:a closed upright cylindrical compressor housing including an upper portion provided with a discharge section of refrigerant and a body portion provided with an intake section of the refrigerant;
a compression section disposed at a lower part in the compressor housing and configured to compress the refrigerant suctioned by the intake section to discharge the refrigerant from the discharge section; and
a motor disposed at an upper part in the compressor housing and configured to drive the compression section,
wherein the motor has a rotor disposed on an inner side and a stator disposed on an outer side,
the refrigerant is HFO1123 refrigerant or a refrigerant mixture containing the HFO1123 refrigerant, and
an inner welded portion containing potassium is provided within a projection area of the rotor at the upper portion of the compressor housing.

US Pat. No. 10,712,057

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR GENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER AND COLD USING LOW-POTENTIAL HEAT SOURCES

Waste to Energy Generatin...

1. A method for producing electric energy and cold using low-potential heat sources, comprisingcirculation of a solution comprising a refrigerant as a low-boiling component and an absorbent as a high-boiling component, with periodic heating and cooling said solution,
evaporation of a high concentration the solution during heating with formation of a steam flows of the refrigerant and a weak solution of elevated temperature and pressure,
using of the refrigerant steam flow in a heat engine with formation at a turbine exit of an exhaust steam of reduced temperature and pressure,
decrease in temperature and pressure of the weak solution,
absorption of the exhaust steam by the weak solution under cooling with formation of a strong solution,
increase in pressure of the strong solution and feeding of the solution for evaporation,
wherein
the strong solution is divided into flows with increased concentration of the absorbent and flows with increased concentration of the refrigerant, whereas the flow with increased concentration of the absorbent being used as weak solution during absorption,
while the flow with increased concentration of the refrigerant being employed during the evaporation as a high concentration solution after an additional increase in pressure and temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,712,055

AIR CONDITIONER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An air conditioner comprising:an outdoor unit having a compressor, an outdoor heat exchanger, and a flowpath switching valve disposed on a refrigerant flowpath between the compressor and the outdoor heat exchanger;
a plurality of indoor units configured to operate in a cooling mode or in a heating mode;
a mode controller configured to selectively guide refrigerant received from the outdoor unit to the plurality of indoor units through one or more of:
a first refrigerant pipe extending from the flowpath switching valve to the mode controller;
a second refrigerant pipe extending from the flowpath switching valve and diverging to the outdoor heat exchanger and the mode controller; and
a third refrigerant pipe extending from the outdoor heat exchanger to the mode controller,
wherein the mode controller comprises:
a bypass flowpath connecting the second refrigerant pipe to the third refrigerant pipe; and
a bypass valve configured to open or close the bypath flowpath.

US Pat. No. 10,712,047

METHOD OF FIELD CONVERSION OF A HEATING SYSTEM TO A MULTIPLE STAGE MODULATING GAS FIRED HEAT EXCHANGER

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:retrofitting a heating system to have a modulating gas-fired heat exchanger that is operable through multiple heat stages at a constant fuel-air mixture, wherein the heating system includes the heat exchanger having burners on a manifold, a combustion air blower (CAB) having an exhaust vent connected with the burners, and a first valve connecting a fuel source to the burners, the first valve comprising a first flow configuration, the first flow configuration consisting of a closed setting, a low-flow setting, and a high-flow setting, and a controller connected to the CAB and the first valve to operate the burners between a low fire mode and a high fire mode, the retrofitting comprising:
connecting a first subset of the burners on the manifold to the fuel source through the first valve and connecting a second subset of the burners on the manifold to the fuel source through a second valve, the second valve comprising a second flow configuration, the second flow configuration consisting of a closed setting, a low-flow setting, and a high-flow setting; and
wherein the first valve and the second valve are upstream in relation to the manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,712,045

COMPACT AIR HANDLING UNIT

Trane International Inc.,...

1. An air handling unit, comprising:a cabinet;
a blower assembly positioned within the cabinet;
a slab positioned adjacent to and parallel to a vertical side of the cabinet, wherein the slab comprises a heat exchanger assembly; and
at least one hinged connector that pivotally connects the slab to the cabinet.

US Pat. No. 10,712,044

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND/OR METHODS FOR MANAGING CONDENSATE

1. A device configured to release liquid from a liquid-producing unit, comprising:a positive float;
a negative float; and
a body defining:
a positive chamber configured to substantially contain the positive float;
a negative chamber configured to receive liquid from a negative input;
a collection chamber configured to substantially contain the negative float;
a first port configured to direct liquid received from the positive chamber into the collection chamber;
a second port configured to direct liquid received from the negative chamber into the collection chamber;
a third port configured to direct liquid received from the collection chamber into a conduit;wherein:the positive float is configured to rotate about a rotational axis;
the positive float is configured to allow liquid to flow out of the positive chamber through the first port and substantially prevent gas from flowing out of the positive chamber via the first port;
a first distance measured horizontally from the rotational axis and orthogonally intersecting a first vector representing a downward force created by the gas acting on the positive float is less than a second distance measured horizontally from the rotational axis and orthogonally intersecting a second vector representing an upward force caused by liquid in the positive chamber buoyantly acting on the positive float;
the negative float is configured to allow liquid to flow out of the negative chamber through the second port and to substantially prevent gas from flowing out of the collection chamber via the second port; and
the collection chamber is configured to allow liquid to flow out of the collection chamber through the third port.

US Pat. No. 10,712,042

TEMPERATURE CONTROL VALVE

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, comprising:a heat exchanger configured to circulate a working fluid therethrough;
a valve configured to regulate a flow rate of the working fluid through the heat exchanger; and
a valve controller configured to receive a valve position control signal from an external controller, separate from the valve controller, wherein the valve controller is configured to modify the valve position control signal based on a comparison of a temperature differential of the working fluid entering the heat exchanger and the same working fluid exiting the heat exchanger and a temperature differential setpoint.

US Pat. No. 10,712,040

HVAC BLOWER

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a processor configured to:
receive an altitude that is higher than a predetermined altitude;
receive a first blower coefficient corresponding to the predetermined altitude; and
determine a second blower coefficient based on the first blower coefficient and the received altitude;
a blower drive communicatively coupled to the processor, the blower drive configured to:
receive the second blower coefficient; and
increase at least one of a speed and a torque of a motor based on the second blower coefficient.

US Pat. No. 10,712,038

MULTI-FUNCTION THERMOSTAT WITH AIR QUALITY DISPLAY

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. An HVAC system within a building comprising:one or more sensors configured to measure air quality within the building; and
a thermostat comprising a processor and a memory, the processor configured to:
receive, from the one or more sensors, air quality information relating to one or more air quality components, the one or more air quality components including at least one of a volatile organic compound level or a carbon dioxide level;
determine a performance level corresponding to each air quality component;
determine one or more icon parameter values for each air quality component based on the corresponding performance level;
generate one or more icons that visually represent each air quality component based on the corresponding icon parameter values; and
present the one or more icons on a display of the thermostat.

US Pat. No. 10,712,035

AIR CONDITIONER WITH REFRIGERANT LEAKAGE CONTROL

DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD., ...

1. An air conditioner comprising:an outdoor unit including a compressor;
an indoor unit, including an indoor expansion valve and an indoor heat exchanger;
a liquid-refrigerant connection pipe and a gas-refrigerant connection pipe that connect the outdoor unit and the indoor unit to each other;
a relay unit disposed in the liquid-refrigerant connection pipe and the gas-refrigerant connection pipe, the relay unit including a liquid relay shutoff valve in a liquid connection pipe connected to the liquid-refrigerant connection pipe and a gas relay shutoff valve in a gas connection pipe connected to the gas-refrigerant connection pipe;
a refrigerant leakage detector for detecting leakage of the refrigerant; and
a controller that controls components of the outdoor unit, the indoor unit, and the relay unit, wherein
when leakage of the refrigerant occurs, the controller is configured to stop the compressor and perform first shutoff control to open the liquid relay shutoff valve and close the indoor expansion valve and the gas relay shutoff valve on the basis of information from the refrigerant leakage detector.

US Pat. No. 10,712,034

VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, comprising:an air moving device configured to move air through the HVAC system;
a first variable frequency drive (VFD) configured to drive the air moving device;
a second VFD configured to drive the air moving device, wherein the first VFD and the second VFD are configured receive control instructions and to selectively operate based on the control instructions; and
control circuitry configured to:
drive the air moving device via the first VFD and then receive an indication of a power-down of the HVAC system;
after receiving the indication of the power-down of the HVAC system, discontinue drive of the air moving device via the first VFD; and
drive the air moving device via the second VFD upon power-up of the HVAC system.

US Pat. No. 10,712,030

AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning system comprising two or more air-conditioning devices,each of the air-conditioning devices including
a fan configured to adjust a volume of air blown out into a space to be air-conditioned,
a human detection sensor configured to detect human presence,
a position setting device used to set an installation location of each of the air-conditioning devices, and
a controller configured to control the fan;
the controller being configured to calculate a positional relationship with an adjacent air-conditioning device based on input signal data from the position setting device and calculate a human detection area overlap based on a human detection area of the human detection sensor in the adjacent air-conditioning device,
the air-conditioning system being configured to follow rule 1 where it is stipulated that any air-conditioning device that detects a person outside the human detection area overlap between human detection sensors does not reduce an own outlet air volume.

US Pat. No. 10,712,029

EVAPORATIVE PERSONAL AIR COOLER

ONTEL PRODUCTS CORPORATIO...

16. An evaporative air cooler for cooling ambient air, comprising:a housing with a top panel, a bottom panel, and side panels defining an interior of the evaporative personal air cooler;
a tank positioned adjacent to the top panel and at least one of the side panels and configured to receive, store, and release liquid;
a misting structure comprising a mister and a misting structure coupling, wherein the misting structure is in fluid communication with the tank, and wherein the misting structure is configured to create a mist within the evaporative air cooler;
a filter structure with a plurality of filters, wherein the plurality of filters are configured to absorb the mist, and wherein the filter structure is adjacent to the bottom panel and at least one of the side panels;
a fan configured to draw the ambient air into the evaporative air cooler, wherein the ambient air is cooled by at least one of the mist and the filter structure, and wherein the fan directs the ambient air thorough the filter structure and out of the evaporative air cooler; and
a v-shaped shroud positioned underneath the tank and configured to direct the mist toward the filter structure.

US Pat. No. 10,712,027

AIR FILTERING ASSEMBLY

1. An air filtering assembly comprising:a housing defining an interior space, said housing having opposing sides, said opposing sides, said top, and said bottom tapering from proximate to a midline of said housing to said back such that said back is dimensionally smaller than said front;
an aperture positioned in a front of said housing wherein said aperture is configured for flowing of air into said interior space;
a slot positioned in a top of said housing;
an opening positioned in a back of said housing wherein said aperture is configured for flowing of air from said interior space, said opening being circularly shaped;
a filter selectively insertable into said interior space through said slot wherein said filter is configured for removing particulates from the air flowing through said interior space from said front to said back; and
a fan coupled to said housing and positioned in said interior space between said back of said housing and said filter such that said fan is configured for producing a current of air flowing through said opening into said housing and through said filter wherein said filter is configured for removing particulates from the air, said fan comprising a motor and a plurality of blades, each said blade being coupled to and extending from a shaft of said motor such that said motor is positioned for urging rotation of said blades concurrent with said shaft for producing the current of air, a diameter of said blades being greater than a diameter of said opening.

US Pat. No. 10,712,022

CONSTANT PRESSURE SWITCH APPARATUS AND WATER HEATING SYSTEM

A. O. Smith Corporation, ...

1. A constant pressure switch apparatus, wherein, it comprises:a first body inside which a flow passage is provided, the flow passage having an inlet and an outlet;
a first blocking member and a sucking member configured to be magnetically attracted to each other;
the first blocking member having a blocking position and a communicating position that are spaced apart with a preset distance; the first blocking member blocks the flow passage in at least part of the preset distance to prevent flow through the flow passage; the first blocking member being able to move towards the communicating position when a pressure difference between both sides of the first blocking member in a direction from the inlet to the outlet is greater than an attraction force between the first blocking member and the sucking member;
the first blocking member being able to move towards the blocking position when a pressure difference between both sides of the first blocking member in a direction from the inlet to the outlet is less than an attraction force between the first blocking member and the sucking member.

US Pat. No. 10,712,021

PULSE MODULATED HEATING, VENTILATION, AND AIR CONDITIONING (HVAC) CONTROL

Computime Ltd., New Terr...

1. An underfloor heating (UFH) system comprising:at least one controller assembly controlling the system, the at least one controller assembly including:
a movement actuator configured to connect to a valve in order to control water flow through a hydronic emitter;
a temperature sensor interface configured to interface to a temperature sensor, wherein the temperature sensor measures an outlet temperature of the hydronic emitter;
a thermostat interface configured to obtain a measured room temperature for an environmental entity, wherein the environmental entity comprises a floor; and
a computer device comprising:
a processor; and
a first memory device storing computer-readable instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the at least one controller assembly to perform:
obtaining, through the thermostat interface, the measured room temperature;
determining a pulsing ratio Ton/Toff based on a maximum floor temperature of the floor, wherein the movement actuator enables the water flow through the valve during Ton and stops the water flow during Toff;
when the measured room temperature has not reached a targeted temperature, instructing the movement actuator to pulse the water flow through the hydronic emitter in accordance with the determined pulsing ratio;
repeating the obtaining and the instructing for an updated room temperature; and
when the outlet temperature is above a predetermined temperature, stopping the water flow through the hydronic emitter during Toff.

US Pat. No. 10,712,018

DRAWER ASSEMBLY FOR AN OVEN APPLIANCE

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. An oven appliance defining a vertical direction, a lateral direction, and a transverse direction, the vertical, lateral, and transverse directions being mutually perpendicular, the oven appliance comprising: a cabinet defining a cooking chamber and an opening for accessing the cooking chamber of the cabinet, the cabinet extending between a first side portion and a second side portion along the lateral direction; a heating element positioned at the cooking chamber of the cabinet; a first slide assembly mounted to the cabinet at the first side portion of the cabinet and being movable along the transverse direction relative to the cabinet; a second slide assembly mounted to the cabinet at the second side portion of the cabinet and being movable along the transverse direction relative to the cabinet; and a rack assembly mounted to the first and second slide assemblies and extending between the first and second slide assemblies along the lateral direction, the rack assembly comprising: a first support bracket mounted to the first slide assembly; a second support bracket mounted to the second slide assembly; and a wire support frame mounted to the first support bracket and the second support bracketwherein the rack assembly comprises a tray that is removably mounted to the wire support frame and wherein the tray comprises a recessed portion and a lip that extends about the recessed portion, the recessed portion of the tray disposed within the wire support frame and the lip of the tray positioned on the wire support frame when the tray is mounted to the wire support frame.

US Pat. No. 10,712,015

GROMMET FOR COOK TOP

BSH Home Appliances Corpo...

1. A grommet for use with a gas valve assembly on a domestic kitchen appliance that burns gas to heat a food item, the domestic kitchen appliance having a maintop that separates a burner of the domestic kitchen appliance from an area below the maintop, the gas valve assembly having a gas valve for regulating a flow of the gas to a burner of the domestic kitchen appliance; a shaft extending from the gas valve and configured to extend through a hole in the maintop, a central axis of the shaft extending in an axial direction; and a control knob mounted to an end of the shaft, the grommet comprising:a single-walled collar portion configured to contact the shaft around a complete circumference of the shaft, the collar portion having an inner diameter;
an upper maintop contacting portion configured to contact an upper surface of the maintop;
a lower maintop contacting portion configured to contact a lower surface of the maintop; and
a single-walled central portion, the single-walled central portion extending from the single-walled collar portion and connecting to the upper maintop contacting portion and having an inner diameter that increases with distance from the collar portion, the central portion having an inner surface configured to face the shaft,
wherein an air space is created in a radial direction between opposite sides of the inner surface of the central portion, the central portion being configured such that the air space exists between the inner surface of the central portion and the shaft in a radial direction, the radial direction being perpendicular to the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,712,013

BIOMASS PELLET STOVE

TANGCHENGXIAN HUALONG MAC...

1. A stove useful for consuming biomass pellets as fuel, comprising:a stove body comprising a firebox, a top, a bottom, an exterior, and an interior;
a hopper fixed at the a top of the stove body; and
a feed tube comprising:
a first end connected to the hopper and extending vertically along the exterior of the stove body toward the bottom of the stove body to a second end extending into an interior of the stove body,
a vertical tube at the first end; and
an inclined pipe at the second end and connected to the vertical tube, the vertical tube fixed outside the stove body, an end of the inclined pipe connected with the bottom of the vertical tube, the other end of the said inclined pipe stretching into the firebox
a flue fixed at a top of the firebox; and
a fire grate connected with the stove body and fixed at the bottom of the firebox, wherein a distance between the bottom of the inclined pipe and the fire grate is in a range of 20 mm to 22 mm; and an included angle between the vertical tube and the inclined pipe is in a range of 134° to 135°.

US Pat. No. 10,712,008

COMBUSTION CHAMBER AND A COMBUSTION CHAMBER FUEL INJECTOR SEAL

ROLLS-ROYCE PLC, London ...

13. A combustion chamber fuel injector seal comprising:a downstream end, the downstream end of the seal increasing in diameter in a downstream direction,
an inner surface with an inner diameter and configured to face and abut a fuel injector,
an outer surface with an outer diameter and configured to face away from the fuel injector, the outer diameter being larger than the inner diameter,
a plurality of coolant apertures extending through the seal,
each of the plurality of coolant apertures having an inlet in the inner surface and an outlet in the outer surface, the outlet being downstream of the inlet,
the plurality of coolant apertures being upstream of the downstream end of the seal,
the plurality of coolant apertures extending through the seal with axial, radial and tangential components,
the outlet being axially spaced in a downstream direction from the inlet,
the outlet being circumferentially spaced from the inlet, and
the outlet being radially spaced from the inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,711,997

BURNER BOX LINER FOR LOW NOX EMISSION FURNACE

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

16. A furnace assembly comprising:a fresh-air intake;
a supply line fluidly coupled to the fresh-air intake;
an intake manifold fluidly coupled to the supply line;
a pre-mix burner fluidly coupled to the intake manifold;
a burner box assembly containing at least a portion of the pre-mix burner, the burner box assembly being thermally exposed to the pre-mix burner, the burner box assembly comprising:
an outer cover having a top face and a bottom face;
a heat-resistant liner comprising a plurality of panel members, wherein the plurality of panel members comprise a top panel member in generally parallel alignment to a bottom panel and perpendicular to oppositely-disposed panels, the heat-resistant liner disposed within the outer cover
wherein the top face is in general parallel alignment with the top panel member and the bottom face is sloped downward relative to the top face; and
a tubular member abutting at least one of the plurality of panel members and disposed within a heat-exchange tube;
the heat-exchange tube being fluidly coupled to the burner box assembly; and
a fan fluidly coupled to the heat-exchange tube.

US Pat. No. 10,711,995

DUAL-FUEL GAS-PELLET BURNER ASSEMBLY

Original Pellet Grill Com...

1. A dual-fuel gas-pellet burner assembly, comprising:a cooking gas line;
a cooking gas igniter;
a motor-driven pellet auger;
a combustion air channeling section enclosing the motor-driven pellet auger and at least a section of the cooking gas line; and
a dual-fuel sectioned combustion chamber including a gas combustion section and a fire pot section,
wherein:
the gas combustion section includes a terminal end of the cooking gas line and the cooking gas igniter disposed therein, and the fire pot section includes a terminal end of the motor-driven pellet auger disposed therein;
the gas combustion section of the dual-fuel sectioned combustion chamber is partitioned off from the fire pot section by an internal separator wall;
an opening in the internal separator wall connects the gas combustion section of the dual- fuel sectioned combustion chamber to the fire pot section of the dual-fuel sectioned combustion chamber;
the motor-driven pellet auger is configured to deliver fuel pellets to the fire pot section of the dual-fuel sectioned combustion chamber;
the cooking gas igniter disposed in the gas combustion section of the dual-fuel sectioned combustion chamber is an electric igniter that is configured to ignite cooking gas received from the cooking gas line within the gas combustion section that is partitioned off from the fire pot section; and
the opening in the internal separator wall is configured to permit the ignited cooking gas to enter the fire pot section of the dual-fuel sectioned combustion chamber to combust the fuel pellets.

US Pat. No. 10,711,989

FLOODLIGHT

LIGHTBOY CO., LTD., Toky...

1. An LED floodlight comprising:a panel-shaped floodlight portion formed such that a plurality of LEDs is arranged on a front surface;
a heatsink having a plurality of heat dissipation plates on a back surface of the panel-shaped floodlight portion;
a cooling fan configured to send air, in this order;
a power supply circuit placed on a back surface side or outside of the panel-shaped floodlight portion; and
a plate-shaped member interposed between the cooling fan and the heatsink,
wherein the plate-shaped member has an air passage hole at a center and an annular plate-shaped part formed around the air passage hole,
wherein the plurality of heat dissipation plates are positioned opposite to and face the annular plate-shaped part of the plate-shaped member to form an air flow path between the heatsink and the annular plate-shaped part of the plate-shaped member,
wherein the plurality of heat dissipation plates are radially arranged from a central portion to a periphery of the heatsink, and a coupling portion between the heat dissipation plates has a curved surface portion protruding toward the cooling fan configured to send air, and
wherein air sent by the cooling fan is sent toward the central portion of the heatsink through the air passage hole formed through the plate-shaped member, passes through the air flow path formed between the annular plate-shaped part of the plate-shaped member and the heatsink, and is discharged to the periphery of the heatsink.

US Pat. No. 10,711,988

LIGHT FIXTURE WITH ADJUSTABLE CONNECTOR

ABL IP Holding LLC, Atla...

1. A light fixture comprising:a. a housing comprising opposing side walls and opposing end walls;
b. a plurality of light sources; and
c. at least one power connector having a connector interface, wherein the at least one power connector is rotatable within the housing such that in a first position the connector interface is exposed on one of the opposing end walls of the housing and in a second position the connector interface is exposed on one of the opposing side walls of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,711,986

LAMP BODY STRUCTURE AND PANEL LAMP WITH POSITIONING GROOVE AND POWER SUPPLY ASSEMBLY THEREIN

1. A lamp body structure for mounting a light source assembly and supplying power to the light source assembly, wherein the lamp body structure comprises:a. a lamp panel comprising:
i. a bottom plate and a plurality of side plates connected end to end, wherein the bottom plate and each of the side plates together form a positioning cavity in an open cavity structure for mounting the light source assembly, wherein the side plate is located with a rim of the side plate at the opening of the positioning cavity extending parallel to the bottom plate and facing away from the seating cavity, and
ii. a support plate, wherein the support plate forms a seating groove together with one side plate of the plurality of side plates; and
b. a power supply assembly configured to connect to an external power supply, wherein the power supply supplies power to the light source assembly, wherein one end of the power supply assembly is inserted into a positioning groove along the corresponding side plate to abut the support plate.

US Pat. No. 10,711,981

PACKAGE AND LIGHT DEVICE

1. A light device and package comprising:at least one light device comprising:
at least one light emitting element which receives electrical power from an electrical power storage device disposed during use in said light device, said at least one light emitting element being arranged so as to generate light;
a photovoltaic device for recharging said electrical power storage device;
control circuitry arranged to control power supplied from said electrical power storage device to said at least one light emitting element during use;
a test device comprising:
at least two conductors comprising a first electrical conductor and a second electrical conductor;
a test switch connected across said at least two conductors;
a device package comprising a removable package portion and associated with said at least one light device;
wherein said test device is removably connected to said control circuitry via said at least two conductors, said test device being in a first configuration wherein said test switch is connected between said electrical storage device and said at least one light emitting element via said at least two conductors, and a second configuration wherein said test switch and said at least two conductors are disconnected from said electrical storage device and said at least one light emitting element;
wherein in said first configuration said test switch provides access to operate said test switch by a user located external from said device package; and
wherein some of said generated light is viewable by a user when said test switch is disposed by said user in said first configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,711,980

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a flexible light-emitting panel;
a first support panel; and
a second support panel,
wherein the flexible light-emitting panel comprises a region capable of being bent outward so that a gap of the flexible light-emitting panel decreases as a distance from the region increases,
wherein the region is located between the first support panel and the second support panel,
wherein the region is capable of displaying an image in a state where the flexible light-emitting panel is folded, and
wherein each of the first support panel and the second support panel has a lower flexibility than a flexibility of the flexible light-emitting panel.

US Pat. No. 10,711,978

LUMINAIRE USING HOLOGRAPHIC OPTICAL ELEMENT AND LUMINESCENT MATERIAL

ABL IP HOLDING LLC, Cony...

1. A luminaire, for a general illumination application, the luminaire comprising:a laser light source;
a holographic optical element, coupled to receive a beam of light from the laser light source, and having a hologram configured to distribute light from the beam as a pattern of light;
a photoluminescent material configured to convert one or more wavelengths of incident light to wavelengths of light to provide an intended color characteristic of light for the general illumination application of the luminaire, the photoluminescent material being located to receive the pattern of light from the holographic optical element; and
an optical system coupled to the photoluminescent material to distribute light from the photoluminescent material over an optical output distribution for the general illumination application of the luminaire;
wherein:
the hologram is configured to: split the beam of light from the laser light source into a plurality of beams forming the pattern of light, and to direct the plurality of beams to a plurality of regions of the photoluminescent material, and
the optical system comprises a plurality of optics each coupled to a respective one of the regions of the photoluminescent material on at least one substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,711,976

LIGHTING SYSTEM WITH APPEARANCE AFFECTING OPTICAL SYSTEM

CoeLux S.r.l., Lomazzo (...

1. A lighting system comprising:a lighting unit including a light source and a dichroic light exiting surface, wherein the lighting unit is configured for emitting dichroic light from the dichroic light exiting surface and the emitted dichroic light includes
a directional light portion of direct light having a first correlated color temperature, wherein the direct light from a specific location of the dichroic light exiting surface is emitted with a directed angular luminous intensity distribution with a local peak, which defines a local main direction of direct light emitted from that specific location; and
a diffused light portion of diffused light having a second correlated color temperature, which is larger than the first correlated color temperature, wherein the diffused light is emitted for a specific location of the dichroic light exiting surface with a diffuse angular luminous intensity distribution; and
an appearance affecting optical system including an entrance side located at the side of the dichroic light exiting surface, an exit side opposite to the entrance side, and a plurality of structural elements that comprise surfaces that
extend in-between the entrance side and the exit side,
delimit a plurality of diffused light passages, and
comprise direct light illuminated surface regions, which are subject to the illumination with direct light from respectively associated affected direct light providing areas of dichroic light exiting surface,
wherein
the affected direct light providing areas cover at least 70% of the dichroic light exiting surface, and
the direct light from at least one affected direct light providing area and diffused light propagate within at least one of the diffused light passages.

US Pat. No. 10,711,973

ADJUSTABLE AND DIRECTIONAL LIGHT ENHANCING ATTACHMENT FOR METAL LAMP REFLECTORS

1. A light enhancing system, comprising:a light housing including:
a light source,
a first reflector panel extending from the light housing, and
a mount;
a second reflector panel;
a first flexible arm including a distal first end affixed to the second reflector panel, wherein the first flexible arm projects outwardly from an exterior of the light housing and the second reflector panel on the distal end of the flexible arm is also exterior of the light housing;
a third reflector panel and a second flexible arm affixed to the third reflector panel; and
a swivel joint mount coupling the first flexible arm and the second flexible arm to the light housing, wherein the swivel joint mount:
is a disc type bearing including a central opening, and
is configured to rotate freely about an axis transverse to the first or second flexible arm in response to airflow impacting the second reflector panel or the third reflector panel.

US Pat. No. 10,711,968

VEHICLE LIGHTING APPARATUS

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A vehicle lighting apparatus that illuminates a frontward direction of a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:first and second light source units each having a light source main body and a light-focusing optical system that focuses light emitted from the light source main body;
a reflection-type digital light deflection device that is configured by arranging a plurality of mirror elements along an arrangement plane each of which can be slanted around a rotation movement axis and each of which can be individually switched between a first slanted state and a second slanted state and that reflects the light, focused by the first and second light source units, by the mirror element of the first slanted state to form a reflection pattern; and
a projection optical system that illuminates a frontward direction with light reflected by the reflection-type digital light deflection device,
wherein light incident on the reflection-type digital light deflection device by the first and second light source units is overlapped,
the projection optical system has a lens body that irradiates a frontward imaginary screen with light from the reflection-type digital light deflection device, and the lens body has an incidence surface and an emission surface,
the reflection-type digital light deflection device is positioned on a rear side of the projection optical system, and a reflection control surface of the reflection-type digital light deflection device faces the incidence surface,
the first and second light source units are positioned below the projection optical system and focus light on the reflection control surface,
the first and second light source units are aligned in a left-and-right direction or an upward-and-downward direction,
each of the plurality of mirror elements is slanted at a first slant angle with respect to the arrangement plane in the first slanted state and is slanted at a second slant angle with respect to the arrangement plane in the second slanted state, and the first slant angle and the second slant angle have substantially the same absolute value and a different positive/negative sign from each other,
each of the plurality of mirror elements reflects light emitted from the first and second light source units toward the projection optical system in the first slanted state, and light reflected by a mirror element of the plurality of mirror elements in the first slanted state forms a predetermined reflection pattern,
each of the plurality of mirror elements emits light emitted from the first and second light source units toward a light shield member in the second slanted state,
the emission surface is directed in the frontward direction and projects, in the frontward direction, reflection light that is formed, by the reflection-type digital light deflection device, of light emitted from the first light source unit and that is incident on the incidence surface, and reflection light that is formed, by the reflection-type digital light deflection device, of light emitted from the second light source unit and that is incident on the incidence surface, and
light emitted from the first light source unit and emitted from the emission surface and light emitted from the second light source unit and emitted from the emission surface are overlapped on the frontward imaginary screen and form a light distribution pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,711,966

LIGHT SOURCE UNIT AND FIXING METHOD OF LENS THEREOF

KOITO MANUFACTURING CO., ...

1. A light source comprising:a substrate on which an excitation light source is mounted;
a lens including a light transmitting portion that transmits light from the extraction light source and a body attached to the substrate;
a first thermal expansion absorber that protrudes from the body and has high heat resistance and elasticity, and
a cover fixed to the substrate in a state where the body of the lens is sandwiched between the cover and the substrate via the first thermal expansion absorber,
wherein the first thermal expansion absorber directly contacts the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,711,965

LED MODULE FOR FLASHING LAMP AND FLASHING LAMP

HotaluX, Ltd., Minato-ku...

1. An LED module for a flashing lamp comprising:an LED substrate;
plural LEDs; and
plural resin layers, wherein
the LEDs are mounted on a mounting surface of the LED substrate,
each resin layer is stacked on a surface of each LED opposite to the LED substrate,
adjacent resin layers stacked on the LEDs are separated from each other,
adjacent LEDs are separated from each other; and
the number of LEDs mounted on the mounting surface of the LED substrate is 4 to 25 per 120 mm 2.

US Pat. No. 10,711,960

SIDE LIGHT LED TROFFER TUBE

BRIDGELUX INC., Fremont,...

1. A side light LED tube comprising:first and second ends that oppose each other;
a light emitting source disposed at one of the first and second ends;
a reflective portion extending between the first and second ends; and
an optics portion coupled to the reflective portion and also extending between the first and second ends,
wherein the optics portion comprises a plurality of gradient optic regions having varying transparencies,
wherein the respective transparencies of the gradient optic regions progressively increase towards a center of the optics portion of the tube so that light emitted from the light emitting source appears to be substantially uniform.

US Pat. No. 10,711,957

LINEAR LED MODULE

BRIDGELUX INC., Fremont,...

1. A light emitting apparatus comprising:a substrate having a planar base and at least one side extending at an angle from the planar base;
at least one light emitting device disposed on the substrate and within the at least one side of the substrate; and
a diffusive surface disposed on at least the planar base of the substrate and around the at least one light emitting device,
wherein the planar base of the substrate comprises a support member configured to support the at least one light emitting device, and wherein the at least one side is coupled to the support member at an obtuse angle between the support member and the at least one side.

US Pat. No. 10,711,956

THERMALLY STABLE FLEXIBLE LIGHTING DEVICE

LUMILEDS LLC, San Jose, ...

1. A lighting device, comprising:at least one LED element for emitting light into an emission direction; and
a bendable light guide arranged to guide light emitted from the at least one LED element;
wherein the bendable light guide comprises at least a first portion and a second portion,
wherein the first portion is formed of an elastic, light transmitting light guide material covering at least the emission direction of the at least one LED element,
wherein the second portion is formed of an elastic, light transmitting light guide material, the second portion being arranged spaced from the first portion in the emission direction by a separation space,
wherein the first portion and the second portion of the light guide are connected by a deformable spring structure,
wherein the deformable spring structure comprises at least one folded wall portion, and
wherein the at least one folded wall portion includes at least a first fold in a first folding direction and a second fold in a second, opposite folding direction, such that there is an open space between the first folding direction and the second folding direction to allow a distance between the first and second light guide portions to vary.

US Pat. No. 10,711,955

RUBBERIZED LIGHT HOUSING AND ADAPTOR

8. A light housing, comprising:an elongated body having a generally tubular shape with an open first end and a closed second end, wherein the first end is configured to receive and retain a light bulb proximate to the first end;
a sealing port in the second end, wherein the sealing port is configured to hermetically seal against electrical wires passed into an interior of the elongated body;
a plurality of ribs uniformly spaced around a perimeter of the first end of the elongated body; and
an adaptor ring having a plurality of larger ribs uniformly spaced around a perimeter thereof, wherein the adaptor ring is configured for concentric engagement with the plurality of ribs on the first end of the elongated body.

US Pat. No. 10,711,952

MULTIFUNCTIONAL LIGHT, DATA DEVICE, OR COMBINATION AND SYSTEMS

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. A device, comprising:an excitation source; and
a material including halide perovskite nanocrystals,
wherein the excitation source emits a first light energy,
wherein the material absorbs the first light energy from the excitation source and emits a second light energy at a wavelength in the visible range, and
wherein the first light energy and the second light energy are at different wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,711,944

GREASE GUN CARTRIDGE CONSTRUCTION

1. A viscous fluid reservoir removably attachable to a pump head, the reservoir comprising:a reservoir body having an open first end and an open second end distal from the open first end;
an attachment portion formed adjacent the open first end of the reservoir body, the attachment portion shaped to engage the pump head;
a lip adjacent the open second end of the reservoir body, the lip extending at least partially over the open second end of the reservoir body;
a wiper disc located within the reservoir body, the wiper disc shaped to slidably engage an inner wall of the reservoir body such that the wiper disc separates a column of viscous fluid within the reservoir body from the open second end of the reservoir body, the wiper disc including a first face oriented towards the open second end of the reservoir body and a second face located on an opposite side thereof;
a wall extending from an edge of the wiper disc, wherein an end portion of the wall contacts the lip at the second end of the viscous fluid reservoir when the wiper disc is adjacent the second end, containing the wiper disk within the reservoir;
a resilient seal formed on the wiper disc adjacent to an inner wall of the reservoir body for preventing migration of grease through the wiper disc, the resilient seal protruding from the second face and into the reservoir body;
wherein the wiper disc creates a barrier to substantially separate a column of viscous fluid within the reservoir body from the open second end of the reservoir body; and
wherein a user may press on the wiper disc to urge a column of viscous fluid within the reservoir body towards the open first end and the pump head when the reservoir is attached to the pump head.

US Pat. No. 10,711,941

DOVETAIL SLIDING MOUNT WITH MOVABLE CLAMP BAR

United States of America ...

1. A sliding mount comprising:a base having a female dovetail groove therein, wherein the female dovetail groove has an open end and a closed end;
a mounting cassette having a male dovetail feature configured to slidably interface with the base by insertion through the open end;
a clamp bar having proximal and distal ends, wherein the proximal end is movably connected to the base such that when the clamp bar is in an open configuration, the clamp bar is sufficiently moved away from the open end to allow the mounting cassette to move in and out of the female dovetail groove; and
a clasp having a first half disposed on the base and a second half disposed on the distal end of the clamp bar such that when the clamp bar is in a closed configuration, the clamp bar spans the open end and the first half is clasped to the second half so as to bias the mounting cassette against the closed end.

US Pat. No. 10,711,938

CLAMP FOR REPAIR OF PIPE COUPLINGS

COX ENGINEERING COMPANY, ...

1. A method for repairing a pipe coupling between a first pipe section and a second pipe section, comprising:positioning a first clamp unit on one side of the pipe coupling, the first clamp unit comprising:
a first end, the first end comprising:
a first flange; and
a first flange hole extending through the first flange;
a second end, the second end comprising;
a second flange; and
a second flange hole extending through the second flange;
a first body portion extending between the first end and the second end; and
a first window extending from an inner surface to an outer surface of the first body portion between the first flange and the second flange of the first clamp unit, the first window having a first width extending in a circumferential direction of the first body portion and a second width perpendicular to, and less than, the first width for receiving and for exposing a first flange of the pipe coupling;
positioning a second clamp unit on an opposite side of the pipe coupling, the second clamp unit comprising:
a first end, the first end comprising:
a third flange; and
a third flange hole extending through the third flange;
a second end, the second end comprising;
a fourth flange; and
a fourth flange hole extending through the fourth flange, and
aligned with the second flange hole of the first clamp unit;
a second body portion extending between the first end and the second end; and
a second window extending from an inner surface to an outer surface of the second body portion between the third flange and the fourth flange of the second clamp unit, the second window having a first width extending in a circumferential direction of the second body portion and a second width perpendicular to, and less than, the first width for exposing a second flange of the pipe coupling;
aligning the first flange hole of the first clamp unit and the third flange hole of the second clamp unit;
aligning the second flange hole of the first clamp unit and the fourth flange hole of the second clamp unit; and
extending a coupling through at least one of the aligned first and third flange holes or the aligned second and fourth flange holes such that the first and second clamp units tighten around the pipe coupling.

US Pat. No. 10,711,933

CONNECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CHAMFERED TUBE

PARKER HANNIFIN MANUFACTU...

1. A coupling device for a tube having an end portion provided with an outer chamfer, the device comprising a tubular body provided internally with an annular sealing element and with an attachment member for retaining the end portion of the tube in leak-tight manner in the body, wherein the device includes at least one retractable abutment arranged so as to oppose insertion into the body of a tube end portion that is not chamfered and so that the chamfer of the tube end portion that is chamfered forms a cam for causing the abutment to retract while the tube is being inserted into the body, the device including a tubular disconnection pusher that is coaxial with the annular sealing element, that defines a through section for the tube end portion, and that is movable between a first position in which it allows the attachment member to perform retention, and a second position in which it prevents the attachment member from performing retention, the pusher having a first end remote from the attachment member and arranged to be capable of moving the pusher from its first position to its second position, and the abutment being part of the pusher.

US Pat. No. 10,711,928

HOSE CONNECTION

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A hose connection, comprising:a tubular body including a first end and a second end;
a shrink sleeve arranged around the first end of the tubular body configured to clamp a hose end on the first end of the tubular body between the first end of the tubular body and the shrink sleeve;
an adhesive layer arranged on an outer surface of the first end of the tubular body, the adhesive layer at least enveloping the first end in a tangential direction of the tubular body; and
parallel annular ridges, arranged on the outer surface of the first end of the tubular body,
wherein the outer surface of the first end and the parallel ridges together form curved undulations.

US Pat. No. 10,711,925

HIGH PRESSURE PIPE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SUCH PIPE

Pipelife Nederland B.V., ...

1. A high-pressure pipe, comprising an inner liner, an outer coating layer and a reinforcement layer positioned between the inner liner and the outer coating layer, said reinforcement layer comprising a first helically wound strip and a second helically wound strip wound with an opposite winding angle to the first helically wound strip, each strip comprising a matrix and a single row of fibers embedded in the matrix, said fibers comprising twisted high-strength carbon filaments, wherein the filaments of said fibers are sized filaments obtained by subjecting the filaments to a sizing operation.

US Pat. No. 10,711,924

FIRE AND SMOKE CONTAINMENT SERVICES TRANSIT UNIT AND AN ASSOCIATED METHOD

Rakman International Pty ...

1. A fire and smoke containment services transit unit including:a casing defining a first opening at a first end, a second opening at a second end and an internal volume intermediate the first and second ends;
an intumescent material housed within the internal volume, the intumescent material being responsive to heat so as to swell within the internal volume;
the internal volume including the intumescent material, and each of the openings, being sized such that at least one service is threadable through the services transit unit without deforming the intumescent material; and
first and second pieces of graphite impregnated foam, the first piece of graphite impregnated foam being shaped so as to form a friction fit within the first opening and the second piece of graphite impregnated foam being shaped so as to form a friction fit within the second opening and wherein each piece of graphite impregnated foam is shapeable to fit around the at least one service;
wherein the casing is constructed from a material having a thermal conductivity of less than 5 watts per meter per Kelvin.

US Pat. No. 10,711,921

REUSABLE HOSE BUNDLING SLEEVE

Bradley D Barger, Montic...

15. A reusable hose bundling sleeve system, comprising:a plurality of reusable hose bundling sleeves;
each reusable hose bundling sleeve of the plurality of hose bundling sleeves having an elongated section of material having a front surface and an opposite reverse surface and a first edge opposite a second edge;
a first lip formed on the front surface by folding over the first edge and a second lip on the reverse surface formed by folding over the second edge;
a strip of loops attached on the front surface and the first edge, wherein the strip of loops have an identifiable portion that is configured to visibly distinguish each reusable hose bundling sleeve from each other reusable hose bundling sleeve of the plurality of hose bundling sleeves, such that each reusable hose bundling sleeve of the plurality of reusable hose bundling sleeves can be associated with the identifiable portion; and
a strip of hooks attached to the reverse surface and the second edge.

US Pat. No. 10,711,919

REPAIRING OR COATING SUBSEA PIPELINES

Subsea 7 Limited, Sutton...

1. A wrap tape cassette for a subsea pipeline repair or coating machine, the cassette comprising:a wrap tape;
a drum for carrying the wrap tape wound on the drum; and
a housing surrounding the drum as a watertight enclosure and defining an exit opening for the wrap tape to be dispensed from the drum onto a subsea pipeline during a repair or coating operation, wherein a leading edge of the wrap tape is attached to an anchor element that is arranged for attachment to the subsea pipeline being repaired or coated and the anchor element also serves as a watertight closure arranged to close the exit opening;
wherein the drum is mounted to the housing for rotational movement relative to the housing to dispense the wrap tape through the exit opening on being unwound from the drum; and
wherein the drum is mounted to the housing for longitudinal movement relative to the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,711,916

AIRCRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM INCLUDING VALVE BUILT-IN-TEST WITHOUT POSITION FEEDBACK

HAMILTON SUNSTRAND CORPOR...

1. An aircraft environmental control system (ECS) comprising:a first valve that is adjustable between a plurality of first positions to open or shut-off a bleed air flow that flows from an inlet of the first valve to an outlet of the first valve;
a second valve including an inlet of the second valve in fluid communication with the outlet of the first valve, the second valve adjustable between a plurality of second positions to throttle the bleed air that flows from the inlet of the second valve to an outlet of the second valve;
a valve position sensor coupled to the second valve and configured to output a position signal indicative of a measured position among the plurality of second positions; and
an electronic hardware controller in signal communication with the valve position sensor, the controller configured to determine a primary effective area of the second valve based on the measured position, and to diagnose operation of the first valve based on the primary effective area.

US Pat. No. 10,711,915

PILOT ACTUATED CONTROL PILOT FOR OPERATING VALVE

MAC Valves, Inc., Wixom,...

1. A pulse valve assembly comprising:a main valve including a main valve body, a main valve bore extending within said main valve body, and a main valve spool slidingly disposed in said main valve bore for movement between a closed position and an open position;
said main valve body including an inlet port, an outlet port, and a pilot inlet passage, each disposed in fluid communication with said main valve bore;
said main valve body having at least one pressure chamber at one end of said main valve bore and at least one pilot outlet passage disposed in fluid communication with said at least one pressure chamber;
said main valve spool including a main valve member configured to block fluid flow between said inlet port and said outlet port when said main valve spool is in said closed position and permit fluid flow from said inlet port to said outlet port when said main valve spool is in said open position;
a first pilot valve including a first pilot valve body, a first pilot valve bore extending within said first pilot valve body, and a poppet slidingly disposed in said first pilot valve bore for movement between at least two axially spaced positions;
a second pilot valve including a second pilot valve body connected to said main valve body, a second pilot valve bore extending within said second pilot valve body, and a pilot valve spool slidingly disposed in said second pilot valve bore for movement between a first position and a second position;
said second pilot valve body including at least one end chamber at one end of said second pilot valve bore, a second pilot inlet disposed in fluid communication with said pilot inlet passage, and at least one outlet port disposed in fluid communication with said at least one pilot outlet passage;
said first pilot valve connected to said second pilot valve such that said first pilot valve drives movement of said pilot valve spool of said second pilot valve between said first and second positions; and
said pilot valve spool of said second pilot valve including at least one valve member configured to open and close at least one fluid flow path extending from said second pilot inlet to said at least one pilot outlet passage when said pilot valve spool moves back and forth between said first and second positions.

US Pat. No. 10,711,914

TILTING ARMATURE VALVE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

KNORR-BREMSE SYSTEME FUER...

1. A tilting armature valve, comprising:a coil element having at least one coil core and a coil arranged radially around the coil core;
an armature mounted on a face side of the armature by a bearing, wherein the armature is movable from a first position to a second position, and wherein the bearing is formed by a bump in a bearing portion of the armature or in the coil element;
a sealing element arranged on the side of the armature facing the coil element or facing away therefrom;
a valve seat having an outlet and an inlet for a fluid, wherein the outlet is closable in a fluid-tight manner by the sealing element in the first position of the armature, wherein the outlet is released in the second position of the armature, and wherein the valve seat is arranged on a side facing the coil element or facing away therefrom with respect to the armature;
wherein the bump is represented by a ball incorporated into the bearing portion of the armature.

US Pat. No. 10,711,913

METHOD FOR ACTIVATING AN ELECTROMAGNETIC VALVE

1. A method for activating an electromagnetic valve, the electromagnetic valve including a valve seat and a valve body; the valve body being in a closed position in a first position (A) and in an open position in a second position (B); the electromagnetic valve further including an electric drive coil for an electromechanical driving of the valve body between the first position (A) and the second position (B); an electric control device connected to the drive coil of the electromagnetic valve, wherein the control device as a function of a setting variable (S) energizes the drive coil with a signal sequence of operating pulses in order to move the valve body between the first position (A) and the second position (B); the control device as a function of the setting variable (S) being configured to determine at least one predetermined signal amplitude for the operating pulses of the signal sequence, a predetermined signal duration for the operating pulses of the signal sequence, and a predetermined frequency for the operating pulses of the signal sequence; the method comprising the step of:supplying an initial signal sequence including a start pulse and operating pulses to electromechanically drive the valve body for a first activation of the electromagnetic valve, wherein said start pulse is formed with at least one of a signal amplitude superelevated above the predetermined signal amplitude of the operating pulse, a signal duration extended beyond the predetermined signal duration of the operating pulse, and a frequency increased over a predetermined frequency of the operating pulses of the signal sequence, wherein the superelevated amplitude of the start pulse is 30% to 80% greater than the predetermined signal amplitude of the operating pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,711,910

SOLENOID VALVE WITH INTEGRAL PRESSURE RELIEF ARRANGEMENT

ROTEX Automation Limited,...

1. A solenoid valve (100) for fluid flow control and pressure relief, said solenoid valve comprising a solenoid assembly (104) and a dual valve assembly (102), the solenoid assembly (104) comprising:a C-Core (90) having a passing hole (93) at a far end (91) and at a near end (92);
an armature (107) having a fixation means (118) on an outer surface (147) at an outer end (109) of the armature (107), and a room (119) at an inner end (117) of the armature (107);
a plunger (120) with a reduced diameter zone (128), an inner flange (127), an outer flange (126), a first room (124), a second room (125), a plurality of longitudinal recesses (129), a transversal hole (131), a neck (122) and a mating end (121), having a plunger-spring (106), and a sealing seat (309) with a constraining surface (316) and a sealing surface (317);
a solenoid coil (103); and
a guide (112) having an inner tubular wall (141), an outer tubular wall (142), a flange (143) near an external end (146) of the outer tubular wall (142), a groove (145) on the outer side and a spring rest (144) on the inner side towards the external end (146);
wherein the solenoid assembly is configured such that on energizing the solenoid coil, the plunger is linearly lifted up to configure the solenoid valve from a normally closed position to an open position;the dual valve assembly (102) operatively coupled to the solenoid assembly and comprising:a valve body (300) with one or more inlet ports (301), an outlet port (303), an upper seat (315), and an outlet seat (314); an upper stopper ring (113); and
a flow arrangement (200) disposed on an inside of the valve body (300);
wherein the flow arrangement (200) comprises:
a primary moving assembly (240) comprising a primary mover (230) slidably configured within a bore of the valve body (300) such that in the normally closed position of the solenoid valve, a lower end of the primary mover (230) closes the outlet port (303) of the valve body (300), wherein outer profile of the primary mover (230) is configured to provide an annular channel (306) between the flow arrangement (200) and the valve body (300) towards a lower end of the flow arrangement (200), the annular channel configured such that when the primary mover (230) slides upward lifting the lower end of the primary mover (230) off the outlet port (303) of the valve body (300), the channel (306) gets fluidically connected to the outlet port (303) of the valve body (300), andwherein the primary mover (230) comprises a first bore (209) that provides fluidic connectivity between the annular channel (306) and a chamber (305) above the flow arrangement (200); anda secondary moving assembly (213) comprising a sliding member (215) slidably housed within a tubular cavity (212) of the primary mover (230) such that in the normally closed position of the solenoid valve, an upper end of the sliding member (215) projects out of the primary mover, and a sealing seat (309) fitted at lower end of the plunger (120) rests against the upper end of the sliding member (215) to close an inflow orifice (201) of a second bore (203) of the sliding member (215), said second bore (203) of the sliding member (215) being in fluidic communication with the outlet port (303) of the valve body (300) through the tubular cavity (212) of the primary mover (230), and wherein the sliding member (215) is biased by a pressure-relief spring (211) towards the upper end of the primary mover (230);wherein when the solenoid coil (103) is energized the plunger (120) is lifted resulting in opening of the inflow orifice (201) for fluid flow from the inlet port (301) to the outlet port (303) through the channel (306), the first bore (209), the chamber (305), second bore (203) of the sliding member (215), and the tubular cavity (212) of the valve body (300), and as fluid pressure the chamber (305) reduces as a result of passage of fluid through the second bore (203) of the sliding member (215) and the tubular cavity (212) of the valve body (300), higher pressure on the lower side of the sliding mover (230) results in the flow arrangement (200) moving up resulting the lower end of the primary mover (230) moving away from the outlet port (303) to establish direct fluidic connectivity between the inlet port (301) and the outlet port (303) through the channel (306) for faster flow of the fluid; andwherein in event of excessive fluid pressure at the inlet port (301), above a pre-defined limit, when the solenoid valve is in normally closed position, the fluid pressure from the inlet port (301) reaches the chamber (305) through the channel (306) and the first bore (209) and the fluid pressure on the upper side of the sliding member (215) overcomes the biasing force of the pressure-relief spring (211) to move the sliding member (215) to open the inflow orifice (201) to allow the fluid to move from the inlet port (301) to the outlet port (303) through the channel (306), the first bore (209), the chamber (305), second bore (203) of the sliding member (215), and the tubular cavity (212) of the valve body (300) to relive the excessive fluid pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,711,905

VALVE FOR PRESSURIZED ENVIRONMENTS

SCHRADER, Pontarlier (FR...

1. A valve subjected to pressurized environments of the type including a tubular body and a valve stem received with the tubular body, the valve stem shiftable along the axis of the tubular body, the head whereof is provided or not with a sealing lining adapted for cooperating, in a sealed manner, with a corresponding seat of the valve body, said stem acting depending on a predetermined pressure, against a coiled spring housed in a chamber of circular cross-section, coaxial with the tubular body and disposed between a bearing zone situated at a first end of the chamber and the stem, to return the latter toward the seat, with a predetermined force, wherein the return spring comprises:a return spring first end comprising a return spring first end first turn with a diameter similar to a diameter of the chamber at the first end of the chamber, said first return spring first end first turn being arranged so as to bear on the bearing zone, and
a return spring second end including a return spring second end first turn, the return spring second end first turn being smaller than the return spring first end first turn, the return spring second end first turn connected with the shank or the head of the stem, the return spring second end further including a return spring second end large turn for centering and radial stabilization in said chamber, the return spring second end large turn being coaxial with the return spring second end first turn and having a diameter similar to a second diameter of the chamber at a second end of the chamber opposite to the first end of the chamber,
wherein the return spring first end comprises a return spring first end second end turn coaxial with the return spring first end first turn, said return spring first end second end turn connecting with the shank or the head of the stem, the return spring first end second end turn being smaller than the return spring first end first turn.

US Pat. No. 10,711,903

TRANSFER VALVES

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A transfer valve, comprising:a spool comprising a first circumferential flow channel at a first axial position of the spool and a second circumferential flow channel at a second axial position of the spool, wherein the first circumferential flow channel and the second circumferential flow channel have different circumferential positions and are defined only partially circumferentially; and
a sleeve disposed over the spool, the sleeve including at least three windows defined through the sleeve at an axial position of the sleeve, each window having a different circumferential position on the sleeve,
wherein the spool is configured to translate within the sleeve between a first position and a second position,
wherein the first circumferential flow channel of the spool is configured to fluidly connect a first plurality of the at least three windows in the first position, and the second circumferential flow channel is configured to connect a second plurality of the at least three windows in the second position, wherein the first plurality of windows is different by at least one window from the second plurality of windows such that a first window will be closed and a second window will be opened, wherein the first plurality of the at least three windows includes a first window and a second window, wherein the second plurality includes the second window and a third window.

US Pat. No. 10,711,902

FLOW DIVIDING VALVE

FUJIKIN INCORPORATED, Os...

1. A flow dividing valve including:a body in which a main passage, an inlet passage that is in communication with the main passage, a first outlet passage that is in communication with the main passage, and a second outlet passage that is in communication with the main passage are formed;
a first seat disposed at a portion of the main passage, the portion leading to the first outlet passage;
a second seat disposed at a portion of the main passage, the portion leading to the second outlet passage;
a first valve element that is brought into contact with and is separated from the first seat to close and open the portion that leads to the first outlet passage, respectively;
a second valve element that is brought into contact with and is separated from the second seat to close and open the portion that leads to the second outlet passage, respectively; and
a valve element movement mechanism that moves either one of the first valve element and the second valve element to an opening side and that moves the other of the first valve element and the second valve element to a closing side in an interlocked manner, wherein
the main passage has two large diameter portions and a small diameter portion located between the large diameter portions, with the inlet passage being in communication with the small diameter portion, the first outlet passage being in communication with one of the large diameter portions, and the second outlet passage being in communication with the other of the large diameter portions, and
the valve element movement mechanism comprises:
a first valve stem that has one end portion to which the first valve element configured to close and open an area between the one of the large diameter portions and the small diameter portion of the main passage is fixed, and that extends along a direction in which the first valve element is closed and opened;
a second valve stem that has one end portion to which the second valve element configured to close and open an area between the other of the large diameter portions and the small diameter portion of the main passage is fixed, and that extends along a direction in which the second valve element is closed and opened;
a first bellows having one end portion that is fixed to a first bellows flange and the other end portion that is fixed to the first valve element;
a second bellows having one end portion that is fixed to a second bellows flange and the other end portion that is fixed to the second valve element;
a frame that is disposed outside the main passage and that is connected to the first valve stem and the second valve stem; and
an actuator configured to move the frame in the directions in which the first valve element and the second valve element are closed and opened,
wherein the flow dividing valve includes a plate that has a through hole through which the first valve stem or the second valve stem is to be inserted and that causes the first bellows flange or the second bellows flange to be pressed against the body, and a seal member is provided between the plate, and the first valve stem or the second valve stem.

US Pat. No. 10,711,901

MAGNETIC SELF-CENTERING VALVE

1. A magnetic valve, comprising:an axially polarized valve body comprising a bore;
an axially polarized gate moveable relative to the bore, the gate dimensioned to cover the bore when the magnetic valve is in a closed state and expose the bore when the magnetic valve is in an open state; and
a linkage coupled to the gate and configured to cause initial movement of the gate relative to the valve body in response to a force applied to the linkage at least when the magnetic value is actuated from the closed state to the open state;
wherein the valve body and the gate are configured to magnetically self align along their central axes and the gate is movable relative to the bore in response to one or both of a natural magnetic repulsive force that pushes the gate away from the valve body after the initial movement of the gate when the magnetic valve is actuated from the closed state to the open state and a natural magnetic restoring force that pulls that gate toward the valve body so as to cover the bore when the magnetic valve is actuated from the open state to the closed state.

US Pat. No. 10,711,898

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR PRODUCING A BRAIDED DUAL-SIDED COMPRESSION PACKING SEAL AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

A.W. CHESTERTON COMPANY, ...

1. A method for producing a braided dual-sided compression packing seal, the method comprising:providing at least a first material and a second material to a plurality of carriers following at least four material paths, the material paths comprising:
a first material path that is triangular in shape,
a second material path and a third material path that are square in shape, and
a fourth material path that is triangular in shape; and
interlocking the first material with the second material along the at least four material paths to form the compression packing seal in a manner so that the first material and the second material are disposed relative to each other such that, in cross-section, the compression packing seal has an asymmetrical configuration relative to a first axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,711,897

GASKET

ISHIKAWA GASKET CO., LTD....

1. A gasket comprising three layers of an upper layer, an intermediate layer, and a lower layer laminating together from up to down, and including penetration holes penetrating the three layers and seal beads formed in the upper layer and the lower layer to surround the penetration holes in a ring shape and arranged symmetrical with respect to the intermediate layer in a vertical direction,wherein the intermediate layer is formed of at least two plate materials and includes a fold-back portion, a surface pressure adjustment portion, and a bead contact portion sequentially provided outward in a radial direction from a peripheral edge of a penetration hole thereof,
the fold-back portion is formed in such a manner that a peripheral edge of one plate material in the plate materials is folded back to enclose an end portion on a side of the penetration hole of another plate material and a thickness of the fold-back portion is thicker than that of the bead contact portion,
all plate materials forming the surface pressure adjustment portion are bent, an upper step is formed by protruding an upper surface of the fold-back portion upward in relation to an upper surface of the bead contact portion, a lower step is formed by protruding a lower surface of the fold-back portion downward in relation to a lower surface of the bead contact portion, and the upper step is set to be different from the lower step, and
one of the upper step and the lower step where the peripheral edge of the one plate material folded back does not exist is set 1.5 times or more and 1.9 times or less relative to another of the upper step and the lower step.

US Pat. No. 10,711,887

TRANSAXLE AND VEHICLE WITH IT

Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co...

4. A transaxle comprising:a transaxle casing;
an axle supported by the transaxle casing;
a hydrostatic transmission disposed in the transaxle casing, wherein the hydrostatic transmission includes a hydraulic pump and a hydraulic motor fluidly connected to each other, wherein the hydraulic pump includes a movable swash plate having a trunnion shaft;
a connecting member disposed outside of the transaxle casing, wherein the connecting member is pivotally supported on the trunnion shaft projected outward from the transaxle casing so that a rotary axis of the trunnion shaft serves as a rotary axis of the connecting member;
a biasing member disposed so as to be rotatable about the axis of the trunnion shaft, wherein the biasing member includes a base portion formed with a shaft hole through which the trunnion shaft can be inserted, and a first arm portion and a second arm portion which are elastically deformable with respect to the base portion and project outward from the base portion in mutually different phase directions in a circumferential direction of the shaft hole; and
a pin positioned between the first arm portion and the second arm portion of the biasing member,
wherein the connecting member is linked to a control lever via a link member,
wherein the control lever is configured to be rotatable between a neutral position, a first position rotated in the first direction from the neutral position, and a second position rotated from the neutral position in the second direction, the connecting member being rotated in accordance with the rotation of the control lever so that a rotational position of the trunnion shaft can be changed via the connecting member,
wherein the pin is configured such that when the biasing member rotates in the first direction, the second arm portion contacts the pin, and when the biasing member rotates in the second direction, the first arm portion contacts the pin,
wherein the connecting member and the biasing member are disposed adjacent to each other in an axial direction of the trunnion shaft,
wherein the connecting member has a pressing portion projecting from the connecting member toward the biasing member the pressing portion disposed between the first arm portion and the second arm portion,
wherein when the connecting member rotates in the first direction, the pressing portion presses the first arm portion in the first direction and presses the second arm portion against the pin, and the biasing member biases the connecting member in the second direction, and
wherein when the connecting member rotates in the second direction, the pressing portion presses the second arm portion in the second direction and presses the first arm portion against the pin, and the biasing member biases the connecting member in the first direction, and
wherein when the connecting member is in the neutral position, the first arm portion of the biasing member and the pin do not contact each other, and the second arm portion of the biasing member and the pin contact each other.

US Pat. No. 10,711,885

COUPLING AND ELECTROMECHANICAL CONTROL ASSEMBLY AND ELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEM FOR USE THEREIN

Means Industries, Inc., ...

1. An electromechanical system for controlling the operating mode of a selectable clutch assembly, the system comprising:a control member mounted for controlled rotation about a first axis; and
an actuator and transmission assembly including a rotary output shaft and a set of interconnected transmission elements including a cam coupled to the output shaft to rotate therewith and a reciprocating member having a first end which rides in or on the cam to cause the reciprocating member to reciprocate upon rotation of the output shaft and a second end coupled to the control member for selective, small-displacement, control member angular rotation about the first axis between different angular positions which correspond to different operating modes of the clutch assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,711,882

OPERATING SHIFT APPARATUS FOR MANUAL TRANSMISSION

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An operating shift apparatus for a manual transmission, comprising:an operating lever having an upper end at which a handle is disposed and a lower end extending toward a lever box;
a shift lever, an upper end of which is integrally combined with the lower end of the operating lever, having a shift joint disposed at a lower end of the shift lever, wherein a shift cable is connected to the shift joint;
a connecting lever, an upper end of which is rotatably connected with the shift lever, having a cylinder joint of a cylindrical shape which is downwardly protruded and disposed at a lower end of the connecting lever;
a select lever having a select groove, into which the cylinder joint is accommodated, disposed at an upper end thereof, a select joint which is disposed at a front end of the select lever, the select joint to which a select cable is connected, a return protrusion which is downwardly protruded and disposed at a lower end of the select lever, and a guide groove which is respectively disposed at both ends of the select lever, wherein the lever box has a guide rail which is engaged with the guide groove of the select lever and fixed to a vehicle body; and
a return spring provided to the lever box and contacting the return protrusion so as to return the select lever to an original position of the return protrusion,
wherein the select lever is configured to move in a forward and rear direction of the vehicle body as the cylinder joint is slid along the select groove and a motion of the select lever is guided as the guide groove is slid along the guide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,711,877

PASSIVE LUBRICATION SYSTEM FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE GEARBOX DURING WIND MILLING

General Electric Company,...

1. A gearbox assembly for a gas turbine engine used in an aircraft, the gearbox assembly comprising:a gearbox housing;
a gear train assembly housed within the gearbox housing, the gear train assembly comprising, at least, a ring gear;
a lubricant in the gearbox housing for lubricating the gear train assembly;
a first scavenge port formed in the gearbox housing, the first scavenge port changeable between an open position and a closed position, the first scavenge port remaining in the open position during normal operation of the gas turbine engine to allow the lubricant to drain from the gearbox housing,
wherein, upon occurrence of a loss of lubricant pressure, the first scavenge port is changed to the closed position to trap at least a portion of the lubricant in the gearbox housing, the trapped lubricant providing passive lubrication to the gear train assembly during the loss of lubricant pressure, the gearbox housing comprising a predetermined volume under the ring gear that creates a pool of the lubricant during the loss of lubricant pressure that contacts at least a portion of a gear tooth of the ring gear; and
a bypass scavenge port formed in the gearbox housing above the pool of lubricant.

US Pat. No. 10,711,874

TRANSMISSION SYSTEM FOR A PROPULSION SYSTEM

Perkins Engines Company L...

1. A transmission system for a propulsion system, the propulsion system comprising at least one power unit, a power transfer system and at least one propulsion element, the transmission system comprising:a summation transmission configured to receive power from the at least one power unit and/or power transfer system;
a propulsion output transmission comprising a first propulsion output shaft and configured to receive power from the summation transmission and direct the power to the at least one propulsion element; and
a power transfer transmission operably connected to the summation transmission and configured to transfer power between the summation transmission and the power transfer system;
wherein the power transfer transmission comprises a first power transfer shaft and a power transfer coupler configured to selectively operably connect the first power transfer shaft to the first propulsion output shaft such that power is transferred directly from the power transfer system to the propulsion output transmission, and
wherein the propulsion output transmission further comprises a first propulsion output gear mounted to the first propulsion output shaft between the power transfer coupler and the summation transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,711,873

HYDRODYNAMIC SIDE PLATE FOR TORQUE CONVERTER STATOR

1. A hydrodynamic side plate for a stator in a torque converter, the hydrodynamic side plate comprising:a first radial surface;
a second radial surface opposite the first radial surface;
a first axial restriction surface configured to be on the first radial surface opposite an inner race of a stator assembly;
a second axial restriction surface configured to be on the first radial surface opposite locking components of the stator assembly; and
a plurality of hydrodynamic pads in the second radial surface separated by a plurality of corresponding radial grooves,
wherein the first axial restriction surface is configured to restrict axial movement of the inner race of the stator assembly,
wherein the second axial restriction surface is configured to restrict axial movement of the locking components of the stator assembly,
wherein the second radial surface comprises at least two anti-rotation tabs configured to prevent relative motion with the stator assembly, and
wherein the first radial surface comprises one or more empty pockets opposite the plurality of hydrodynamic pads.