US Pat. No. 10,191,447

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CONTROL PART THAT CORRECTS POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE BASED ON TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a development part that includes
a developer carrier to which a development voltage (V1) is applied and
a supply member to which a supply voltage (V2) is applied, the supply member supplying toner on a surface of the developer carrier;
a temperature detection part that detects an apparatus inner temperature that is measured inside or near the developer carrier; and
a control part that corrects a potential difference (?V) between the development voltage and the supply voltage based on a temperature difference (?T), wherein
the potential difference is an absolute value determined by:
?V=|(the development voltage)?(the supply voltage)|
the temperature difference is determined by:
?T=(the apparatus inner temperature)?(a glass transition starting temperature),
the glass transition starting temperature is defined as a temperature corresponding to an intersection between a base line and a glass transition start judgment tangent line, which are specified based on a differential curve of a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curve of the toner measured using a DSC method, herein
the horizontal axis of the DSC curve: temperature (° C.),
the vertical axis of the DSC curve: calorific differential value (?W/° C.),
the base line is a line along an initial section of the DSC curve in which the calorific differential value is approximately constant with respect to the calorific differential value,
the glass transition start judgment tangent line is a tangent line which is in contact with the differential curve at an intersection between the differential curve and a glass transition start judgment line that is a line of which the calorific differential values are 1.5 times greater than those of the base line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,446

PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER CARTRIDGE AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A cartridge usable with a developing unit, the developing unit including a developing roller configured to carry toner, an accommodating portion configured to accommodate the toner, an agitator configured to stir the toner in the accommodating portion, and an opening provided in a side surface of the accommodating portion crossing with a rotational axis of the agitator and sealed by a sealing member, the cartridge comprising:a frame;
a photosensitive drum rotatably supported by the frame;
a mounting portion to which the developing unit is detachably mountable; and
a lever provided at an end portion of the frame with respect to a rotational axis direction of the photosensitive drum, the lever being rotatable between a first position and a second position,
wherein, when the developing unit is mounted and set in the mounting portion, the lever in the first position permits the developing unit to be retained in a mounted position in which the developing roller contacts the photosensitive drum,
wherein, when the lever is rotated from the first position to the second position in a state that the developing unit is in the mounted position, the lever urges the developing unit to move the developing unit relative to the frame, and
wherein in the first position at least a part of the lever overlaps with the opening in a case where the part of the lever is projected to the side surface in a direction along the rotational axis of the photosensitive drum in the state that the developing unit is in the mounted position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,445

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a movable unit including a regulating portion for regulating a position of a developing unit for supporting a developer carrying member and movable between a contact position for permitting contact of said developer carrying member with an image bearing member and a spaced position for permitting spacing of said developer carrying member from said image bearing member;
a driving member for moving said movable unit from the contact position to the spaced position, said driving member being displaceable between a contact phase for permitting location of said movable unit at the contact position and a spaced phase for maintaining said movable unit at the spaced position;
an openable member for opening and closing an opening provided for demounting said developer carrying member and/or said image bearing member from a main assembly of said image forming apparatus; and
a pressing member for pressing and moving said movable unit by being moved in interrelation with an opening operation of said openable member,
wherein when said driving member is displaced from the contact phase to the spaced phase, said movable unit is moved by a first movement amount from the contact position to a first spaced position, and
wherein when said openable member is opened, said pressing member presses and moves said movable unit to a second spaced position from the contact position by the first movement amount and a second movement amount smaller than the first movement amount.

US Pat. No. 10,191,444

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WHICH INCLUDES A DETACHABLE CARTRIDGE CONFIGURED TO AVOID A COLLISION BETWEEN AN EXPOSING MEMBER AND THE CARTRIDGE WHEN MOUNTING THE CARTRIDGE TO A SUPPORTING MEMBER OF THE IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:at least one cartridge including an image bearing member and a frame, the frame having at least two protruding portions protruding from an end of the frame; and
a supporting member for supporting the at least one cartridge configured to move between an inside position situated inside a main unit of the image forming apparatus and an outside position situated outside of the main unit, the supporting member comprising:
a mounting portion to which the at least one cartridge is mountable along a direction orthogonal to an axial direction of the image bearing member;
a pair of opposing and parallel-oriented vertical sidewalls connected to opposing sides of the mounting portion;
at least one image exposing member, positioned between and orthogonal to the pair of opposing vertical sidewalls, configured to form a latent image on the image bearing member by emitting light from a light emitting surface toward the image bearing member, the at least one image exposing member protruding from a bottom of the supporting member and being inserted from an opening into the cartridge when the cartridge is mounted to the mounting portion;
at least two guide portions, each formed as a groove provided on each of the vertical sidewalls so that an open-side of the groove faces inward into the supporting member, configured to engage the at least two protruding portions to guide the at least one cartridge to move toward the mounting portion; and
at least one regulating portion, formed in an upper edge of each of the vertical sidewalls, configured to regulate a rotation position of the cartridge when the at least two protruding portions are at a position in contact with the at least one regulating portion and not engaged with the at least two guide portions, the rotation having rotation axis which is parallel to the axial direction,
wherein a gap is formed between (i) a part of a bottom surface of the frame which is opposed to the light emitting surface and (ii) the light emitting surface when the rotation position of the cartridge is regulated by the at least one regulating portion being in contact with the at least two protruding portions and is not engaged with the at least two guide portions in a state in which the opening is opposed to a plane perpendicular to protruding direction of the at least one image exposing member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,442

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit including:
a toner image forming unit that forms a toner image; and
a toner storing portion including a first supply toner storing portion that stores a first supply toner, a waste toner storing portion that stores a waste toner, and a movable partition that separates the first supply toner storing portion and the waste toner storing portion; and
a toner cartridge that is removably attached to the image forming unit and includes a second supply toner storing portion that stores a second supply toner having the same color as the first supply toner,
wherein the image forming unit further includes:
a first supply portion for supplying the first supply toner stored in the first supply toner storing portion to the toner image forming unit;
a second supply portion for supplying the second supply toner stored in the second supply toner storing portion to the toner image forming unit; and
a first conveying member that conveys the first supply toner supplied through the first supply portion and the second supply toner supplied through the second supply portion, to the toner image forming unit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,441

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a bottle attaching portion which is supported to be movable in an up-down direction and to which a bottle configured to store powdery developer is removably attached in a state where a longitudinal direction of the bottle is horizontally oriented;
a driving mechanism configured to rotate the bottle attached to the bottle attaching portion by engaging with a first end of the bottle in the longitudinal direction;
a cover member supported in such a way as to be able to open and close an opening of a body of the image forming apparatus from which the bottle is inserted, the cover member being positioned facing a second end of the bottle in the longitudinal direction attached to the bottle attaching portion;
an elastic member configured to apply an upward elastic force to the bottle attaching portion;
a level sensor configured to detect a position of the bottle attaching portion in the up-down direction; and
a signal processing device configured to execute an abnormality notifying process when a detection signal of the level sensor during operation of the driving mechanism satisfies an abnormality condition that includes either or both of a predetermined amplitude condition and a cycle condition for a rotation cycle of the bottle, wherein
the signal processing device is configured to execute a full-state notifying process when the detection signal during operation of the driving mechanism fails to satisfy the abnormality condition, and a position indicated by the detection signal is lower than a predetermined reference position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,440

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, CONTROL METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first controller including:
a first processor configured to, based on print target image data, obtain information indicating toner amount supplied to a photoconductor by a developer unit to form an image,
wherein an image forming area along a scanning direction of a laser that exposes the photoconductor is divided into a plurality of regions, and the obtained information includes at least information indicating toner amount on one of the plurality of regions; and
a second controller including:
a generation unit configured to, based on the information obtained by the first processor, generate patch data for cleaning the photoconductor, and
a second processor configured to control the developer unit to execute image formation, and to execute image formation based on the patch data generated by the generation unit,
wherein the information indicating toner amount on a part of the plurality of regions is transmitted from the first controller to the second controller.

US Pat. No. 10,191,438

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member for bearing a developer image;
an optical sensor including a light emitting portion for emitting light to a surface of said image bearing member, a light receiving portion for receiving the light reflected by the surface of said image bearing member, and a cover member, having a light-transmissive property, for covering said light emitting portion or said light receiving portion;
a cleaning member for cleaning said cover member in contact with said cover member, said cleaning member being movable; and
a supporting member for supporting said optical sensor, said supporting member being movable between a proximity position, where said optical sensor opposes said image bearing member with a predetermined distance, and a spaced position, where said optical sensor is spaced from said image bearing member by a distance more than the predetermined distance to form a cleaning space for permitting said cleaning member to move thereinto for cleaning of said cover member with said cleaning member between said optical sensor and said image bearing member,
wherein, when said supporting member is in the proximity position, said cleaning member is in a retracted position and, in the retracted position said cleaning member (i) is retracted from an opposing space between said optical sensor and said image bearing member and (ii) is in a space of a gap between said image bearing member and said supporting member, and
wherein, when said supporting member is in the spaced position, said cleaning member moves toward a cleaning position from the retracted position for cleaning said cover member with said cleaning member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,437

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, METHOD OF CONTROLLING IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM FOR METHOD OF CONTROLLING IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a cylindrical intermediate transfer belt;
a photosensitive drum which is in contact with an outer circumference surface of the intermediate transfer belt;
a primary transfer member sandwiching the intermediate transfer belt between the primary transfer member and the photosensitive drum;
a secondary transfer member which is in contact with the outer circumference surface of the intermediate transfer belt;
a first backup member sandwiching the intermediate transfer belt between the first backup member and the secondary transfer member;
a first power supply electrically connected to the primary transfer member and to the secondary transfer member; and
a first resistor electrically connected to the first power supply and to the primary transfer member,
wherein a first current route, in which the first resistor, the primary transfer member, and the photosensitive drum are connected in series in that order, is connected to the first power supply and to a basis potential,
a second current route, in which the secondary transfer member and the first backup member are connected in series, is connected to the first power supply and to the basis potential, and
the first current route is connected in parallel to the second current route.

US Pat. No. 10,191,436

PHOTOSENSITIVE DRUM UNIT, ASSEMBLING METHOD THEREFOR, AND DISASSEMBLING METHOD THEREFOR

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A photosensitive drum unit comprising:a photosensitive drum having a cylinder provided with a photosensitive portion at a peripheral surface thereof;
a rotational force receiving member for receiving a rotational force for rotating the photosensitive drum, the rotational force receiving member including a rotational force receiving portion for receiving the rotational force at one end portion side thereof and a portion-to-be-engaged at another end portion side thereof;
a spherical member including a spherical portion, a projected portion projected from the spherical portion, and an engaging portion for engaging with the portion-to-be-engaged;
a drum flange provided at one end portion of the cylinder and accommodating the spherical member, the drum flange including (i) a hole portion capable of accommodating the spherical portion and having an opening that opens outwardly in the longitudinal direction of the cylinder, (ii) a groove portion that continues from the hole portion and is capable of accommodating the projected portion for receiving the rotational force from the projected portion, and (iii) a limiting portion for limiting inward movement of the spherical portion in the longitudinal direction of the cylinder; and
a closing member capable of partially covering the opening of the hole portion and capable of being mounted to the drum flange to limit outward movement of the spherical portion in the longitudinal direction of the cylinder,
wherein one of the engaging portion and the portion-to-be-engaged includes a male screw portion and the other of the engaging portion and the portion-to-be-engaged includes a female screw portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,435

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM AND CONTROL PROGRAMS FOR EXECUTING IMAGE FORMATION AND IDENTIFYING ERRORS

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image formation part that forms an image on a paper sheet;
a conveyor that includes a plurality of conveying members and conveys the paper sheet;an input unit receiving user indication of a smudge location on a paper sheet on which an image has been formed by the image formation part; anda hardware processor that acquires information on a smudge from the input unit pertaining to the user indication of the smudge location on the paper sheet on which an image has been formed by the image formation part, and identifies, from the plurality of conveying members, one or more dirty conveying members that may have caused the smudge based on at least one of the information on the smudge, information on the conveying members, and information on a job for image formation executed by the image formation part.

US Pat. No. 10,191,432

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD INCLUDING PRE-FEEDING OF A RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming method in an image forming apparatus including a door, a storage unit for storing a recording medium and a registration sensor for detecting the recording medium, the method comprising:conveying the recording medium from the storage unit toward the registration sensor;
performing, based on a print instruction, an image formation for forming an image to be transferred onto the recording medium conveyed from the storage unit;
detecting, before the print instruction occurs, whether the door is in a closed state or an open state;
conveying, before the print instruction occurs, the recording medium by a distance from the storage unit in response to detecting that the door is in the closed state after detecting that the door is in an opened state; and
stopping, before the print instruction occurs, the recording medium at the distance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,431

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. A series-connected tandem image forming system comprising first and second image forming apparatuses capable of forming images on recording media by image forming units, the first and second image forming apparatuses being connected in series, the image forming system forming an image on a recording medium by either one or both of the first and second image forming apparatuses, whereinthe first image forming apparatus includes a first conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium and a second conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium, the first conveyance path provided with an image forming unit, the second conveyance path provided with no image forming unit and configured to bypass the image forming unit of the first conveyance path such that the recording medium conveyed from a feeding unit storing recording media therein is conveyed to the second image forming apparatus by the second conveyance path, the first and second conveyance paths being selectable therebetween,
the second image forming apparatus includes a third conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium and a fourth conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium, the third conveyance path being provided with an image forming unit, the fourth conveyance path provided with no image forming unit and configured to bypass the image forming unit of the third conveyance path such that the recording medium conveyed from the first image forming apparatus is discharged from the second image forming apparatus by the fourth conveyance path, the third and fourth conveyance paths being selectable therebetween, and
the first conveyance path and the third conveyance path convey the recording medium linearly, and the second conveyance path and the fourth conveyance path are conveyance paths that include curves through which the recording medium is conveyed,
wherein the image forming system further comprises
a first conveyance control unit configured to perform a conveyance control of the second image forming apparatus and a second conveyance control unit configured to perform a conveyance control of the first image forming apparatus,
at least one of the first conveyance control unit and the conveyance second control unit is configured to convey recording media having a predetermined basis weight through the first conveyance path and the third conveyance path.

US Pat. No. 10,191,430

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image by using a developer;
a mounting unit to which a container is mounted, wherein the container is configured to contain a developer, and
wherein the container supplies the developer to the image forming unit;
a cover configured to be opened to replace the container mounted to the mounting unit, and to be closed to cover the container mounted to the mounting unit;
a detector configured to detect the container mounted to the mounting unit,
the detector being capable of detecting the container mounted to the mounting unit in a state where the cover is closed or in a state where the cover is opened;
a controller configured to determine whether a remaining amount of the developer contained in the container mounted to the mounting unit is more than a predetermined amount; and
a display unit configured to:
display, in a case where the container in which the remaining amount of developer is more than the predetermined amount is removed from the mounting unit, a first screen to prompt re-mounting of the removed container,
display a second screen different from the first screen in a case where the cover is closed without detecting the container by the detector after the first screen is displayed, and
display a third screen different from the second screen after the second screen is displayed in a case where the container is not mounted to the mounting unit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,428

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS PERFORMING MISREGISTRATION CORRECTION CONTROL BASED ON DETECTION RESULTS OF DETECTION PATTERN

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a forming unit configured to form a detection pattern on a rotationally drivable image carrier, the forming unit including a photosensitive member;
a detection unit configured to detect the detection pattern; and
a control unit configured to perform misregistration correction control based on a detection result of the detection pattern by the detection unit,
wherein the detection pattern includes a plurality of basic patterns arranged at a first interval in a sub scanning direction, which is a rotation direction of the image carrier,
each of the plurality of basic patterns includes N image groups (N being an integer of at least 3) arranged at a second interval in the sub scanning direction,
in the N image groups, a first image group including an image at a first angle relative to the sub scanning direction, and a second image group including an image at a second angle different from the first angle relative to the sub scanning direction, are arranged alternately in the sub scanning direction,
the first interval corresponds to a distance that a surface of the image carrier moves in a period of M (M being an integer of at least 2) times a first period corresponding to a rotation period of a rotational member included in the forming unit,
the second interval corresponds to a distance that the surface of the image carrier moves in a period of 1/(N?1) of the first period,
the forming unit is further configured to form a toner image on the photosensitive member, and transfer the toner image from the photosensitive member to the image carrier, thereby forming the detection pattern on the image carrier, and
the rotational member is the photosensitive member or a motor configured to drive the photosensitive member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,425

DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming device including at least one of a scanner and a printer, comprising:a memory storing:
level information that includes a plurality of energy saving levels according to energy consumption of the image forming device and a plurality of combinations of hardware resources that are supply targets for the plurality of energy saving levels among a plurality of hardware resources including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device, each of the plurality of energy saving levels being associated with one of the plurality of combinations of hardware resources in the level information, and
usage status information indicating whether hardware resource including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device is used, and
a processor configured to perform a method including the steps of:
first receiving, from an external device, a usage notification that one of the plurality of hardware resources including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device is used;
storing, in the memory, the usage status information of hardware resource including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device, that is indicated by the usage notification in response to receiving the usage notification;
second receiving, from the external device, an instruction for the image forming device to transition to an energy saving state;
selecting an energy saving level for the image forming device from the plurality of energy saving levels based on the usage status information and the level information that are stored in the memory in response to the second receiving, and
controlling a power supply of the plurality of hardware resources of the device including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device based on a combination of the hardware resources corresponding to a selected energy saving level.

US Pat. No. 10,191,423

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A FIXING DEVICE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first roller;
a second roller including an elastic layer as an outer circumferential layer;
a fixing belt stretched taut across at least the first roller and the second roller;
a pressure rotator to press against the second roller via the fixing belt to form a fixing nip between the pressure rotator and the fixing belt, the fixing nip through which a recording medium bearing a toner image is conveyed;
a clearance detector to detect a clearance between the first roller and the second roller;
a mover to move the pressure rotator with respect to the second roller in a pressing direction in which the pressure rotator presses against the second roller via the fixing belt and a separation direction in which the pressure rotator separates from the second roller; and
a controller to control an amount of movement of the pressure rotator moved by the mover toward the second roller based on the clearance detected by the clearance detector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,422

HEATER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A heater, comprising:an insulator substrate;
a first member configured to generate heat on an upper surface of the insulator substrate across a first direction, wherein the first member has a first end opposite a second end;
a plurality of electrodes formed on both the first end and the second end of the first member, respectively, wherein each electrode is disposed in a direction perpendicular to the first direction; and
a second member configured to store heat, wherein the second member comprises a latent heat material having latent heat in a target temperature zone, and wherein the latent heat material is fixed to a side surface or a bottom surface of the insulator substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,420

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a first rotating body configured to be formed in a cylindrical shape and heat media on which toner images are formed at a heating temperature while rotating;
a second rotating body configured to be formed in a cylindrical shape and sandwich the media in cooperation with the first rotating body while rotating and configured to press the media in cooperation with the first rotating body;
a first heat supplying part configured to supply the first rotating body with heat with which the first rotating body heats the media;
a charging part configured to be positioned opposite to the first rotating body, charge the first rotating body, include a discharging electrode and an auxiliary electrode to form an electric field in cooperation with the discharging electrode, cause the discharging electrode to discharge in a state where the electric field is formed, and charge the first rotating body with a same polarity as polarity of toner;
a second heat supplying part configured to supply the discharging electrode with heat that enables a temperature of the discharging electrode to be higher than the heating temperature; and
a controller configured to control the second heat supplying part in a period in a non-fixing operation and execute heat supplying mode in which heat that allows the temperature of the discharging electrode to be higher than the heating temperature is supplied to the discharging electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,419

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS TO CONVEY RECORDING MATERIAL HAVING AN IMAGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image on a recording material;
a fixing unit configured to fix the image formed by the image forming unit on the recording material at a nip portion;
a conveyance path configured to convey a recording material on which the image has been fixed by the fixing unit,
wherein the image forming apparatus is configured such that a recording material, whose length in a conveyance direction is equal to or longer than a threshold length, is able to be conveyed in the conveyance path, and a recording material, whose length in the conveyance direction is shorter than the threshold length, is not able to be conveyed in the conveyance path; and
a control unit configured to perform control,
wherein, in a case where it is detected that a length of a predetermined recording material is shorter than the threshold lenght while the predetermined recording material is being conveyed toward the conveyance path, the control unit performs control to stop conveyance of the predetermined recording material in a state where the predetermined recording material is nipped at the nip portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,417

FIXING DEVICE HAVING A COVER MEMBER THAT COVERS A FIXATION ROLLER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A fixing apparatus comprising:a first rotatable member configured to heat, in a fixing nip, an unfixed toner image formed on a sheet with toner comprising a parting material;
a second rotatable member cooperative with said first rotatable member to form said fixing nip;
a cleaner configured to clean said first rotatable member; and
a covering member configured to cover said first rotatable member over a range from said cleaner to an entrance of said fixing nip along a rotational direction of said first rotatable member with a gap D of not less than 0.5 mm and not more than 3.5 mm, said covering member being provided with a projection extending toward said first rotatable member at one end portion of said covering member with respect to the rotational direction of said first rotatable member, and said projection extending along a longitudinal direction of said first rotatable member,
wherein the gap D (mm) between said covering member and said first rotatable member and a peripheral speed V of said first rotatable member (mm/s) satisfy
0.5?D?0.0059×V+0.72.

US Pat. No. 10,191,404

CHARGING MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A charging member comprising:an electroconductive substrate; and
a resin layer on the electroconductive substrate,
wherein the charging member has an area on a surface of the charging member,
the area including a compound represented by the following formula (1):

in the formula (1), R1 and R2 each represent a linear or branched alkyl group having carbon atoms of 3 or more and 16 or less, wherein the area being formed by applying an emulsion containing the compound to a surface of the resin layer, and wherein the compound is contained in the emulsion with a concentration of 30% by mass or more and 50% by mass or less based on the total mass of the emulsion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,401

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a sheet supply tray accommodating sheets;
an image forming unit configured to form an image on the sheet supplied from the sheet supply tray;
a first frame made of metal, the first frame being configured to support the image forming unit, the first frame comprising a first recessed part made of metal; and
a second frame arranged on an opposite side, with respect to the image forming unit, of the first frame, the second frame comprising a first resin part made of first resin and a second resin part made of second resin which has a higher tensile strength than the first resin, the second resin part comprising a second recessed part; and
a sheet supplying unit having sheet feed rollers configured to pick up and feed a sheet from the sheet supply tray, the sheet supplying unit bridging between the first frame and the second frame, the sheet supplying unit being positioned above the sheet supply tray, the sheet supplying unit comprising:
a first projected part configured to contact the first recessed part made of metal and thereby position the sheet supplying unit with respect to the first frame made of metal; and
a second projected part, a protruded length of the second projected part being shorter than a protruded length of the first projected part, the second projected part being configured to contact the second recessed part, which is made of the second resin, and thereby position the sheet supplying unit with respect to the second frame.

US Pat. No. 10,191,395

THERMAL CONDITIONING UNIT, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Neatherlands B.V., ...

1. A thermal conditioning unit to thermally condition a substrate, the thermal conditioning unit comprising:a thermal conditioning element comprising a first layer, in use, facing the substrate and comprising a material having a thermal conductivity of 100 W/m·K or more, a second layer and a heat transfer component positioned between the first and second layers; and
a stiffening member which is stiffer than the thermal conditioning element and configured to support the thermal conditioning element so as to reduce mechanical deformation thereof, the stiffening member arranged such that the second layer is positioned between the heat transfer component and the stiffening member,
wherein the thermal conditioning element is supported on the stiffening member in a non-contacting manner.

US Pat. No. 10,191,393

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:a reference frame;
a substrate stage movable relative to the reference frame and configured to hold a substrate;
a sub-frame coupled to the reference frame via a soft-mount;
a measurement device configured to sense an attribute of a substrate,
wherein the measurement device is mounted on the sub-frame and the soft-mount is configured to reduce the effect of vibrations in the reference frame on operation of the measurement device;
a sensor soft-mount configured to mount the measurement device on the sub-frame and reduce transmission of disturbances having a frequency higher than 100 Hz from the sub-frame to the measurement device; and
a position determining system configured to determine a position of the measurement device relative to the sub-frame.

US Pat. No. 10,191,392

ACTUATOR, POSITIONING DEVICE, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ACTUATOR

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An actuator comprising:coil assemblies arranged in an array, wherein each coil assembly defines a core chamber having a core chamber height;
a magnetic back; and
at least one magnetic member that extends partly along the core chamber height of the core chamber of a corresponding at least one coil assembly, wherein the at least one magnetic member is made of a magnetic material;
wherein the coil assemblies are coupled to the magnetic back, and wherein the at least one magnetic member is spaced from the magnetic back.

US Pat. No. 10,191,389

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A device manufacturing method comprising:projecting, with a projection system, a patterned beam of radiation onto a target portion of a substrate held by a substrate table, said substrate table including
an edge seal member configured to at least partly surround an edge of said substrate, an object positioned on said substrate table, or both, and
a hydrophobic layer adjacent an edge portion of said edge seal member and adjacent said at least one of said substrate and said object, said hydrophobic layer arranged to face an opposite side of said edge seal member to said projection system and to face an opposite side of said at least one of said substrate and said object to said projection system, and
providing a liquid, through which said patterned beam of radiation is projected, to a space between said projection system and said substrate, said object, or both.

US Pat. No. 10,191,384

DISCRETE SOURCE MASK OPTIMIZATION

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:generating, by a computer device, an initial discrete pupil profile from a desired non-discrete pupil profile designed for imaging a portion of a design layout onto a substrate using a lithographic projection apparatus;
selecting, using the computer device, a discrete change to the discrete pupil profile;
applying, by the computer device, the selected discrete change to the discrete pupil profile; and
generating electronic instructions, based on the discrete profile to which the selected discrete change has been applied, for use in configuring an optical component of, or for, a lithographic projection apparatus illumination system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,383

EXPOSURE APPARATUS, EXPOSURE METHOD, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus that exposes a substrate with illumination light via a projection optical system, the apparatus comprising:a body having a metrology frame to support the projection optical system;
an alignment system provided at the metrology frame, spaced from the projection optical system, the alignment system detecting a mark of the substrate;
a first stage system that has a first stage and a first drive system, and is capable of moving the first stage at least within a predetermined plane orthogonal to an optical axis of the projection optical system, the first stage being disposed above the projection optical system and holding a mask illuminated with the illumination light, and the first drive system including a first motor to drive the first stage;
a first encoder system that measures positional information of the first stage;
a second stage system that has a second stage and a second drive system, the second stage being disposed below the projection optical system and the alignment system, the second stage including a holder to hold the substrate and a first fiducial and a second fiducial that are disposed with the holder in between in a direction intersecting a first direction and a second direction orthogonal to each other within the predetermined plane, and the second drive system including a second motor to drive the second stage;
a second encoder system that has four heads provided at the second stage, and measures positional information of the second stage by irradiating a scale member from below with a measurement beam via each of the four heads, the scale member being provided at the metrology frame to be substantially parallel to the predetermined plane, wherein
the scale member has a first scale plate and a second scale plate, the second stage that is moved within a first movement area being placed facing the first scale plate in an exposure operation of the substrate, the second stage that is moved within a second movement area being placed facing the second scale plate in a detection operation of the mark with the alignment system, and the second movement area being different from the first movement area,
the first scale plate has four sections in each of which a reflective grating is formed, and a first opening that is substantially surrounded by the four sections, and the first scale plate is provided at the metrology frame so that the projection optical system is located in the first opening, and
the second scale plate has four sections in each of which a reflective grating is formed, and a second opening that is substantially surrounded by the four sections, and the second scale plate is provided at the metrology frame so that the alignment system is located in the second opening; and
a controller coupled to the first and the second stage systems and the first and the second encoder systems, the controller controlling the first and the second drive systems based on measurement information of the first and the second encoder systems so that, in the exposure operation, alignment between the mask and the substrate is performed based on detection information of the alignment system and scanning exposure in which the mask and the substrate are each moved relative to the illumination light is performed with the first direction serving as a scanning direction,
wherein the first movement area includes a first area, a second area, a third area, a fourth area and a fifth area,
in the first area, three heads of the four heads excluding a first head respectively facing three sections of the four sections of the first scale plate excluding a first section,
in the second area, three heads of the four heads excluding a second head different from the first head respectively facing three sections of the four sections excluding a second section different from the first section,
in the third area, three heads of the four heads excluding a third head different from the first and the second heads respectively facing three sections of the four sections excluding a third section different from the first and the second sections,
in the fourth area, three heads of the four heads excluding a fourth head different from the first, the second and the third heads respectively facing three sections of the four sections excluding a fourth section different from the first, the second and the third sections, and
in the fifth area, the four heads respectively facing the four sections, and
wherein the controller controls the second drive system so that marks of the substrate and the first fiducial are detected with the alignment system in the detection operation, and the second stage is moved from one area of the first, the second, the third and the fourth areas to another area of the first, the second, the third and the fourth areas, via the fifth area, the another area being different from the one area,
in the one area, three heads of the four heads respectively facing three sections of the four sections of the first scale plate,
in the fifth area, another head, of the four heads, that is different from the three heads used in the one area facing another section, of the four sections, that is different from the three sections, and
in the another area, the another head being used instead of one head of the three heads used in the one area.

US Pat. No. 10,191,378

MASK PATTERN FORMING METHOD, FINE PATTERN FORMING METHOD, AND FILM DEPOSITION APPARATUS

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A mask pattern forming method comprising:a slimming step of performing, in a process chamber, slimming of a resist pattern of a resist film that is formed on a thin film; and
a film deposition step of forming an oxide film on the thin film and the resist pattern in the process chamber, by supplying a source gas, and an oxygen radical or an oxygen-containing gas to the process chamber,
wherein the slimming step and the film deposition step are performed in the same process chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,191,377

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND A DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands, B.V., ...

1. An immersion lithographic apparatus, comprising:a substrate table comprising:
a recess having a central support section configured to support a substrate, the central support section having:
a support surface having a protrusion to contact a bottom surface of the substrate,
a lateral surface at a non-zero angle to the support surface, and
a bottom surface at a non-zero angle to the lateral surface and facing away from the support surface, the lateral surface extending to the bottom surface of the central support section; and
a peripheral section of the substrate table that surrounds the central support section and defines the recess, the peripheral section being effectively thermally isolated from the central support section, and the peripheral section comprising:
a drain opening configured to receive an immersion fluid which leaks, in use, into a gap between an edge of the substrate when supported on the substrate table and an edge of the recess, the drain opening located above the bottom surface of the central support section, and
a lateral surface facing, spaced by an open qap from, the lateral surface of the central support section, wherein the lateral surface of the peripheral section is outward, in a horizontal direction, of an outer periphery of the bottom surface of the substrate; and
a projection system configured to project radiation onto the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,376

CROSS SCAN PROXIMITY CORRECTION WITH EBEAM UNIVERSAL CUTTER

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A column for an e-beam direct write lithography tool, the column comprising:a first blanker aperture array (BAA) comprising a staggered array of openings having a pitch along an array direction, the array direction orthogonal to a scan direction, wherein each opening has a first dimension in the array direction; and
a second BAA comprising a staggered array of openings having the pitch along the array direction, wherein each opening has a second dimension in the array direction, the second dimension greater than the first dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,191,370

COMPOSITION AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A COMPONENT

Toyo Gosei Co., Ltd., Ic...

1. A composition comprising:a first compound;
a second compound; and
a silane coupling agent;wherein:the first compound has a structure represented by Formula (D):the second compound has at least two polymerizable groups;the silane coupling agent is as represented by Formula (G):anda resin generated by curing the composition has a dry etching rate less than or equal to 140 nm/min.

US Pat. No. 10,191,367

PELLICLE FOR PHOTOMASK AND EXPOSURE APPARATUS INCLUDING THE PELLICLE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A pellicle for a photomask, which protects the photomask from external contamination, the pellicle comprising:a pellicle membrane spaced apart from the photomask; the pellicle membrane including a semiconductor having a two-dimensional (2D) crystalline structure, the pellicle membrane further including at least one of an n-type dopant and a p-type dopant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,359

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS AND IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS USING THE ILLUMINATION APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An illumination apparatus comprising:a solid state light source unit including a plurality of light emitting points that emits light and is arranged on a light emitting face;
a plurality of optical elements configured to guide light emitted from the plurality of light emitting points to an illumination target face;
a heat conduction member arranged in a space different from a space between the light emitting face of the solid state light source unit and the plurality of optical elements, configured to conduct heat from the solid state light source unit; and
a cooling unit configured to supply a first fluid to the heat conduction member along a first flow path and supply a second fluid to the space between the light emitting face and the optical elements along a second flow path,
wherein the second fluid is a fluid from which dust or dust and moisture is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,338

IN-CELL TOUCH DISPLAY APPARATUS

HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTR...

1. An in-cell touch display apparatus comprising:a thin film transistor (TFT) array structure with a touch electrode layer and a grounded portion;
a color filter structure oppositely facing the TFT array structure;
a liquid crystal layer between the color filter structure and the TFT array structure; and
a sealant between the color filter structure and the TFT array structure, and surrounding the liquid crystal layer;
wherein the color filter structure comprises an anti-ESD protection layer; the anti-ESD protection layer directly contacts the sealant; the anti-ESD protection layer, the sealant, and the ground portion form an electro statics discharge (ESD) path to discharge electrostatic charges in the in-cell touch display apparatus; the anti-ESD protection layer discharges the electrostatic charges in the in-cell touch display apparatus to the ground portion; the color filter structure comprises a first substrate and a color filter layer located between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer; wherein the anti-ESD protection layer is between the first substrate and the color filter layer; the anti-ESD protection layer comprises an extending portion; the extending portion is substantially L-shaped; the extending portion covers a side surface of the color filter, and a surface of the first substrate; wherein the extending portion directly contacts the sealant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,334

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate opposed to the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a light-shielding layer including a first light-shield formed along a first direction and a second light-shield formed along a second direction and crossing the first light-shield; and
a spacer which maintains a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein
the spacer overlaps a crossing region where the first light-shield and the second light-shield cross each other and includes an exposed region outside the light-shielding layer in a planar view,
the first substrate comprises a first pixel electrode,
the spacer includes a first overlapping region overlapping the first pixel electrode,
the first overlapping region includes the exposed region,
the first pixel electrode comprises a reflecting electrode and a transparent protecting electrode stacked on the reflecting electrode,
the protecting electrode covers an upper surface and a side surface of the reflecting electrode, and
an area of a region where the spacer and the reflecting electrode overlap each other is less than that of a region where the spacer and the protecting electrode overlap each other, and is greater than that of the exposed region.

US Pat. No. 10,191,333

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

JAPAN DISPLAY INC., Toky...

7. A display device comprising:a pair of substrates facing each other;
a pixel section between the substrates;
a frame region around the pixel section;
a thin film transistor on one of the substrates in the pixel section, the thin film transistor including a gate insulating film;
an organic insulating film in the frame region and the pixel region; and
an inorganic insulating film covering an entire surface of the organic insulating film,
wherein,
the inorganic insulating film is not in direct contact with the gate insulating film,
the thin film transistor is entirely covered by the organic insulating film, and
the gate insulating film and the inorganic insulating film extend beyond the edge of the organic insulating film in the frame region.

US Pat. No. 10,191,332

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD), comprisinga backlight unit;
an LCD panel;
a frame glue sealant used to connect to the backlight unit and the LCD panel; and
at least one gasket;
wherein the at least one gasket is arranged on a side of the LCD panel toward the backlight unit or the at least one gasket is arranged on a side of the backlight unit toward the LCD panel; andwherein the at least one gasket maintains a separation between the LCD panel and the backlight unit; wherein the at least one gasket is an electrostrictive gasket;wherein a first driving electrode corresponding to each gasket is arranged on the side of the LCD panel, and a second driving electrode corresponding to each gasket is arranged on the backlight unit; each gasket is connected to the LCD panel by the corresponding first driving electrode; each gasket is connected to the backlight unit by the corresponding second driving electrode; the first driving electrode corresponds to the second driving electrode one by one.

US Pat. No. 10,191,330

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL, FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising: an opposed substrate and an array substrate arranged opposite to each other, and a liquid crystal layer filled between the opposed substrate and the array substrate, wherein,alignment films having opposite friction directions are provided on opposing surfaces of the opposed substrate and the array substrate, respectively;
the liquid crystal display panel has a plurality of pixel units which are arranged in array, and each of the pixel units comprises two pixel regions along the friction direction of the alignment film;
in each of the pixel units, a surface of the opposed substrate facing the liquid crystal layer or a surface of the array substrate facing the liquid crystal layer within at least one of the two pixel regions is inclined, so that a mean value of included angles between long axes of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer within one of the two pixel regions and a horizontal plane where the opposed substrate and the array substrate are located and a mean value of included angles between long axes of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer within the other of the two pixel regions and the horizontal plane where the opposed substrate and the array substrate are located has a same absolute value and a sum of zero, wherein
in each of the pixel units, the inclined surface includes a high point located at the boundary of the two pixel regions, and the film layer in the pixel region without the inclined surface has a same height as the high point, so that the film layer is continuous in the two pixel regions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,328

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING IMPROVED COOLING EFFICIENCY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A backlight unit, comprising:a light guide element to guide light to a liquid crystal display panel;
a circuit substrate;
a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs) on the circuit substrate to emit the light toward the light guide element;
a first heat transmission member formed with both a first portion and a second portion, the first portion formed along a direction opposite a longitudinal axis of the light guide element and facing at least one of the plurality of LEDs and the circuit substrate and the second portion integrally extending from a longitudinal end portion of the first portion along a direction opposite a longitudinal axis of the first portion and parallel to the light guide element;
a second heat transmission member configured to be coupled to the first heat transmission member, the second heat transmission member formed to accommodate the light guide element, the circuit substrate and the plurality of LEDs and the second heat transmission member having a first portion and a second portion, the first portion and the second portion of the second heat transmission member being disposed parallel to the first portion and the second portion of the first heat transmission member, respectively;
an intervening element disposed between the circuit substrate and the first portion of the first heat transmission member to receive heat from the plurality of LEDs through the circuit substrate and transmit the received heat to the second heat transmission member through the first heat transmission member; and
a reflection element disposed between the light guide element and the second portion of the first heat transmission member to reflect the light toward the liquid crystal display panel through the light guide element,
wherein the first heat transmission member and the second heat transmission member are made from a metallic material, and
wherein a surface area of the second portion of the second heat transmission member which is parallel to the light guide element is larger than a corresponding surface area of the second portion of the first heat transmission member which integrally extends from the longitudinal end portion of the first portion and is parallel to the light guide element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,321

REFLECTIVE POLARIZING MODULE HAVING PARTICLES AND BACKLIGHT UNIT INCLUDING SAME

LMS CO., LTD, Pyeontaek-...

1. A reflective polarizing module comprising:a reflective polarizer sheet formed by stacking a plurality of layers having different refractive indexes, and selectively transmitting light;
a first light-condensing sheet having first structuralized patterns in which first unit light-condensing objects are continuously repeated and each have a transverse cross-sectional area gradually decreased toward an upper portion thereof, wherein an upper tip portion of each of the first unit light-condensing objects is bonded to a lower portion of the reflective polarizer sheet so as to have a first width in a transverse direction thereof; and
a coating layer disposed on an upper surface of the reflective polarizer sheet and having a plurality of particles diffusing light transferred through the reflective polarizer sheet, wherein at least some of the plurality of particles have a diameter smaller than the first width.

US Pat. No. 10,191,320

FILTER SHEET, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A filter sheet, comprising:a first medium film, a second medium film and a third medium film attached to each other,
wherein the filter sheet comprises a first pixel region, a second pixel region and a third pixel region;
a portion of the first medium film in the first pixel region of the filter sheet is removed, a portion of the second medium film in the second pixel region of the filter sheet is removed, and a portion of the third medium film in the third pixel region of the filter sheet is removed;
the first medium film reflects light in a first wavelength range and transmits light outside the first wavelength range; the second medium film reflects light in a second wavelength range and transmits light outside the second wavelength range; and the third medium film reflects light in a third wavelength range and transmits light outside the third wavelength range, each of the first, second and third medium films comprises a plurality of cycles, and each of the cycles is formed by alternately arranging at least two medium layers with different refractive indices;
wherein a fourth medium film is a same one as any one of the first, second and third medium films, and a reflection wavelength range of the fourth medium film is from L1 to L2;
in an incident light direction, if the low refractive index medium layer is arranged before the high refractive index medium layer, then in the fourth medium film:
a thickness of the low refractive index medium layer in a i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d1i=[L1+k(2i?1?1)]/4n1,
a thickness of the high refractive index medium layer in the i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d2i=[L1+k(2i?1)]/4n2; and
in the incident light direction, if the low refractive index medium layer is arranged behind the high refractive index medium layer, then in the fourth medium film:
a thickness of the low refractive index medium layer in a i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d1i=[L1+k(2i?1)]/4n1;
a thickness of the high refractive index medium layer in the i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d2i=[L1+k(2i?1?1)]/4n2,
wherein k is an increasing coefficient and 0.5?k?16, i is a natural number and 0?i?Z/2, Z is the total number of the low refractive index medium layer and the high refractive index medium layer in the fourth medium film, n1 is a refractive index of the low refractive index medium layer, and n2 is a refractive index of the high refractive index medium layer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,318

TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A transparent display device comprising:a transparent display panel including a plurality of transmissive areas transmitting incident light and a plurality of emissive areas emitting light; and
a light control device on a rear surface of the transparent display panel, the light control device configured to be driven in a transmissive mode where the incident light is transmitted and a light shield mode where the incident light is blocked,
wherein
the light control device comprises:
a first base film and a second base film facing each other;
a plurality of liquid crystal cells provided between the first base film and the second base film; and
a plurality of partition walls maintaining respective cell gaps of the plurality of liquid crystal cells, and
the plurality of partition walls are at respective positions corresponding to the plurality of emissive areas and are absent at areas corresponding to the transmissive areas.

US Pat. No. 10,191,315

DISPLAY APPARATUS

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a set cover including a set plate, a screw insertion hole in the set plate, and a set sidewall curved from the set plate to form a storage space;
a guide frame in the storage space;
a plurality of screws coupled to the guide frame by penetrating through the set plate so as to fix the guide frame to the set cover;
a display unit including a display panel placed onto the guide frame; and
an adhesive member fixedly adhering a rear portion of the display panel to the guide frame,
wherein the guide frame comprises:
a first part coupled to a rear edge portion of the display panel by the adhesive member, the first part being divided into a plurality of sub first parts provided along each edge of the set plate;
a plurality of bosses protruding at fixed intervals from a rear surface of each of the plural sub first parts toward the set plate, the plurality of bosses being provided to meet with the screw insertion hole;
a plurality of screw coupling holes formed at each of the plurality of bosses, and each of the plurality of screws is coupled to each of the plurality of screw coupling holes by penetrating through the screw insertion hole of the set plate; and
a guide sidewall which is bent from each of the plurality of sub first parts so as to cover the lateral side of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,313

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL AND THIN FILM TRANSISTOR ARRAY SUBSTRATE THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A thin film transistor (TFT) array substrate, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of thin film transistors (TFTs) arranged on the substrate in an array form, wherein a region occupied by the plurality of TFTs is a display region;
a flexible printed circuit disposed on the substrate and located at one side of the display region;
a control chip disposed between the display region and the flexible printed circuit, and two sides of the flexible printed circuit going beyond two corresponding sides of the control chip, respectively;
a first reinforcement member disposed at a first side of the control chip, and the first side being adjacent to one side of the control chip that faces the display region
a second reinforcement member disposed at a second side of the control chip opposite to the first side; and
a third reinforcement member covering the control chip, the first reinforcement member and the second reinforcement member;
wherein both the first reinforcement member and the second reinforcement member comprise: a reinforcement body, a first glue receiving groove formed by one side of the reinforcement body that faces the display region being recessed, and a second glue receiving groove formed by a connection of one side of the reinforcement body that faces the control chip with one side of the reinforcement body that is opposite to the display region being recessed.

US Pat. No. 10,191,312

RUBBER FRAME COMPONENT, BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A rubber frame component, comprising:a rubber frame body for surrounding edges of a backlight module and fixing the backlight module;
pointy projections made of a metal for attracting static charges in a periphery of a display panel; and
a reinforcing part disposed in the rubber frame body for supporting the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,311

DISPLAY DEVICE AND CHARGING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device comprising a display panel, a backlight source and a rechargeable battery, wherein the display panel has an upper substrate and a lower substrate disposed opposite to the upper substrate, the backlight source is situated on a side of the display panel facing the lower substrate, and the rechargeable battery is configured to supply power to the display device, and the display device further comprises:a transparent solar battery arranged at the upper substrate and configured to recharge the rechargeable battery of the display device;
a photosensitive coating disposed in a non-transparent region of the display panel and configured to sense light from the backlight source; and
a signal processing unit connected to the photosensitive coating and the transparent solar battery, wherein the signal processing unit detects changes of the signal from the photosensitive coating, determines a working state of the display device, and makes the transparent solar battery recharge or not recharge according to the working state of the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,309

MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES FOR LIQUID CRYSTAL PARAMETERS INCLUDING TWIST ELASTIC CONSTANT WITHOUT LIGHT MEASUREMENT

1. A method for measuring the twist elastic constant (K22) of a liquid crystal mixture under test, the method comprising:providing a liquid crystal test cell having a pair of electrodes;
placing the liquid crystal mixture under test into the liquid crystal test cell;
applying an electrical driving signal to the electrodes of the liquid crystal test cell;
measuring an electrical response signal from the electrodes; and
based on the electrical driving signal and the electrical response signal, and in the absence of measuring light transmitted through or reflected off of the liquid crystal test cell, determining the twist elastic constant (K22) for the liquid crystal mixture under test by determining a parameter related to a geometry of the liquid crystal test cell and wherein the twist elastic constant is proportional to the product of the parameter and the electrical response signal and wherein the determining includes using the following equation: K22=(Vth)2 (??)?2 (?0|??|), where Vth is the threshold minimum voltage that causes liquid crystal molecules to turn, ? is a feature factor that is a function of the test cell geometry, ?0 is the vacuum permittivity, and |??| is the dielectric anisotropy.

US Pat. No. 10,191,308

OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE AND SMART WINDOW COMPRISING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An optoelectronic device comprising:a substrate;
an electrode member disposed on the substrate, wherein the electrode member comprises a first electrode and a second electrode;
an active layer located between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
an ionic liquid covering the active layer, the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,307

OPTICAL TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An optical transmission device comprising:an optical modulator configured to include a first waveguide and a second waveguide, each of the first waveguide and the second waveguide modulating carrier light by using a modulation drive signal having multiple intensity levels;
a phase shifter configured to provide a predetermined phase difference between a first optical signal output from the first waveguide and a second optical signal output from the second waveguide;
a photodetector configured to detect a portion of a multilevel optical signal acquired by multiplexing the first optical signal and the second optical signal between which the phase difference is provided, and apply photoelectric conversion to the portion; and
a first controller configured to provide a first bias voltage and a second bias voltage to the first waveguide and the second waveguide, respectively, based on an output signal from the photodetector, wherein
the first controller comprises:
a signal amplitude detector configured to receive an output of the photodetector and output signal amplitude information of the output of the photodetector; and
a second controller configured to input the signal amplitude information and correcting at least one of the first bias voltage to be provided to the first waveguide and the second bias voltage to be provided to the second waveguide, based on a quadrature state between the first waveguide and the second waveguide of the optical modulator, the quadrature state being represented by the signal amplitude information.

US Pat. No. 10,191,306

DITHER FREE BIAS CONTROL

OCLARO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED...

1. A Mach-Zehnder, MZ, modulator for modulating optical signals, and comprising:a plurality of modulating waveguide sections;
at least one bias electrode in electrical communication with at least one modulating waveguide section and configured to apply at least one electrical bias signal to one or more of the modulating waveguide sections;
an output optical combiner comprising a plurality of inputs and a plurality of outputs, wherein the plurality of inputs of the combiner are in optical communication with output sides of the plurality of modulating waveguide sections, and wherein a plurality of the outputs of the combiner are monitor outputs; and
wherein the combiner is an n×n combiner and n is greater than 2.

US Pat. No. 10,191,305

OPHTHALMIC LENS

Signet Armorlite, Inc., ...

1. An ophthalmic lens, comprising:an optical lens having a front surface and a back surface;
a thin film coating on the front surface comprising alternating layers of high and low index materials, the coating attenuating transmission of light and having a spectral reflectance curve comprising a reflectance of at least 80% from 320 nm to 420 nm, between 40% to 60% at 440 nm, and 20% or less from 480 nm to 700 nm, and wherein the spectral reflectance curve is monotonically decreasing between 420 nm to 450 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,191,296

LASER POINTER WITH REDUCED RISK OF EYE INJURY

Beam Engineering for Adva...

1. A transmittive method of protecting an optical sensor from damaging effects of laser pointers and laser illuminators, the method comprising:imposing a circular polarization state on radiation of the laser pointers and the laser illuminators said circular polarization handedness being one of right-hand or left hand; and
incorporating with the optical sensor a thin layer of a material capable of blocking light:
(a) within a spectral range encompassing the wavelengths of laser pointers and the laser illuminators;
(b) having the circular polarization handedness imposed on the laser pointers and the laser illuminators; and
(c) said material transmitting light of circular polarization handedness opposite to the circular polarization handedness imposed on radiation of the laser pointers and the laser illuminators.

US Pat. No. 10,191,291

MAGNIFIED-LOOK DIAMOND JEWELRY

H.K. DESIGNS INC., New Y...

1. A jewelry setting, comprising:a magnifying lens having a given diametrical size;
a band configured to hold and support the magnifying lens;
a precious stone having a diametrical size substantially smaller than the diametrical size of the magnifying lens and a table surface facing the magnifying lens, said precious stone being located centrally below the magnifying lens, the precious stone being spaced away from the magnifying lens;
a precious stone setting configured to stationarily support the precious stone directly below the magnifying lens, at such position relative to the magnifying lens as to produce a magnified image of the precious stone at a top surface of the magnifying lens; and
the precious stone setting being affixed to the band that holds the magnifying lens by a plurality of prongs, each said prong having one end attached to the band and another end attached to a stone setting which physically holds the precious stone.

US Pat. No. 10,191,290

VEHICLE, HEAD-UP DISPLAYING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING HEIGHT OF PROJECTION IMAGE THEREOF

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, (CN...

1. A head-up displaying system, configured to be applied in a vehicle, and comprising:a projector, disposed in the vehicle, and configured to project a projection image onto a front windshield such that the projection image is reflected into eyes of a driver;
a camera, fixedly disposed in the vehicle and in front of the eyes of the driver, and configured to detect an image having locations of the eyes of the driver and a predetermined reference point;
a seat detecting module, configured to detect a position of a seat of the driver in the vehicle so as to obtain an actual horizontal distance between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point in a horizontal direction; and
a head-up controller, configured to obtain the image detected by the camera and the actual horizontal distance detected by the seat detecting module, to process the image so as to obtain a position relation between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point in the image, to generate an actual vertical distance between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point according to the position relation and the actual horizontal distance, and to adjust a height of the projection image from the projector automatically according to the actual vertical distance,
wherein the projector comprises a display component, and a three-mirror optical assembly positioned in an optical path of an emergent light of the display component and configured to reflect the projection image projected by the display component onto the front windshield such that the front windshield reflects the projection image into the eyes of the driver and comprising:
a zoom lens assembly;
an image quality compensation lens assembly; and
a front windshield compensation lens assembly, configured to compensate for an image distortion caused by the front windshield and to adjust an angle of the emergent light,
wherein the front windshield compensation lens assembly comprises:
a housing;
a bracket, rotatably disposed on the housing;
an angle adjusting component, disposed on the housing and connected to the bracket, and configured to drive the bracket to rotate under control of the head-up controller; and
a front windshield compensation lens, disposed on the bracket, and configured to compensate for the distortion caused by the front windshield and to adjust the angle of the emergent light,
wherein the angle adjusting component comprises an adjusting housing, an electric motor, a gear train and a pusher; wherein
the electric motor, the gear train and the pusher are disposed in the adjusting housing;
the electric motor is connected to the head-up controller and comprises a screw shaft, the screw shaft is engaged with the gear train;
the pusher has a pushing end connected to a back surface of the bracket and an engaging end engaged with the gear train; and
a rotary motion of the gear train is converted into a liner motion of the pusher.

US Pat. No. 10,191,288

OPTICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING A SOURCE IMAGE

Carl Zeiss AG, Oberkoche...

1. An optical system configured to transmit a source image from which light having a field angle spectrum emanates, the optical system comprising:an optical waveguide arrangement in which the light can propagate by total internal reflection;
a diffractive optical input coupling arrangement configured to couple the light emanating from the source image into the optical waveguide arrangement; and
a diffractive optical output coupling arrangement configured to couple the light that has propagated in the optical waveguide arrangement out from the optical waveguide arrangement,
wherein:
the input coupling arrangement comprises:
a first input coupling element configured to couple light from a first subfield of the source image having field angles from a first field angle range of the field angle spectrum into the optical waveguide arrangement;
a second input coupling element configured to couple light from a second subfield of the source image having field angles from a second field angle range;
the second subfield is at least partly different from the first subfield;
the second field angle range is at least partly different from the first field angle range;
the transmitted first subfield and the transmitted at least one second subfield are at least partly superimposed on each other after coupling out from the optical waveguide arrangement; and
at least one subfield selected from the group consisting of the first subfield and the second subfield is at least partly arcuately bounded before coupling into the optical waveguide arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,191,287

OPTICAL ELEMENT AND DISPLAY DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An optical element comprising:a plurality of reflectivity variation partially reflecting mirrors that are provided so as to be parallel to each other with a space therebetween, reflect a part of image light incident from an incidence portion, and make the other part of the image light transmit therethrough; and
a light-transmittance member that supports the plurality of reflectivity variation partially reflecting mirrors,
wherein the light-transmittance member includes an incidence surface on which the image light is incident and an emission surface from which the image light is emitted,
wherein each of the plurality of reflectivity variation partially reflecting mirrors is disposed to be inclined with respect to the incidence surface and the emission surface,
wherein the plurality of reflectivity variation partially reflecting mirrors include a plurality of regions having different reflectivity in an inclination direction,
wherein the plurality of regions of each of the plurality of reflectivity variation partially reflecting mirrors include at least a low reflectivity region that is positioned on a side far away from the emission surface in the inclination direction and a high reflectivity region that is positioned on a side closer to the emission surface than the low reflectivity region in the inclination direction and has a higher reflectivity than reflectivity of the low reflectivity region, and
wherein an occupation area of the high reflectivity region in the reflectivity variation partially reflecting mirror that is positioned on a side far away from the incidence portions is larger than an occupation area of the high reflectivity variation region of the reflectivity variation partially reflecting mirror that is positioned on a side close to the incidence portions in the plurality of reflectivity variation partially reflecting mirrors.

US Pat. No. 10,191,283

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR EYEBOX EXPANSION DISPLAYS IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

NORTH INC., Kitchener (C...

1. A wearable heads-up display comprising:a support structure that in use is worn on a head of a user;
a holographic combiner carried by the support structure, wherein the holographic combiner is positioned within a field of view of an eye of the user when the support structure is worn on the head of the user;
a scanning laser projector carried by the support structure, the scanning laser projector comprising a laser module to produce light signals and at least one scan mirror to reflect the light signals to select regions of the holographic combiner;
an exit pupil selector carried by the support structure and positioned in an optical path between the at least one scan mirror and the holographic combiner, the exit pupil selector controllably switchable into and between respective ones of N different discrete orientations, where N is an integer greater than 1, wherein in each one of the N different discrete orientations the exit pupil selector is positioned and oriented to receive at least one light signal generated by the scanning laser projector and redirect the at least one light signal towards the holographic combiner effectively from a respective one of N discrete spatially-separated virtual positions for the scanning laser projector, and wherein the holographic combiner comprises at least one hologram positioned and oriented to, for each one of the N different discrete orientations of the exit pupil selector, converge light signals received from the exit pupil selector to a respective one of N discrete exit pupils at or proximate the eye of the user; and
an eye tracker carried by the support structure and communicatively coupled to the exit pupil selector, the eye tracker positioned and oriented to determine a gaze direction of the eye of the user, wherein the exit pupil selector is controllably switchable into and between respective ones of the N different discrete orientations based on the gaze direction of the eye of the user determined by the eye tracker.

US Pat. No. 10,191,281

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY FOR VISUALLY RECOGNIZING INPUT

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A head-mountable display device, comprising:a display screen; and
circuitry configured to:
communicate with an input device that is independent of the head-mountable display device,
wherein the input device includes at least one touch sensor, and
wherein the at least one touch sensor is beneath an input operation surface of the input device;
control the display screen to display a primary image, an operation image, and an auxiliary image,
wherein the operation image is overlaid on the primary image,
wherein the auxiliary image is overlaid on the operation image,
wherein the operation image of a first size is displayed at a first display position on the display screen,
wherein the auxiliary image indicates three-dimensional positional information of a target object relative to the input operation surface of the input device, and
wherein the three-dimensional positional information of the target object includes a distance of the target object from the input operation surface of the input device;
change the first display position of the operation image of the first size to a second display position of the operation image of a second size on the display screen, based on at least an object included in the primary image,
wherein the second display position is different from the first display position; and
control the display screen to further display the operation image of the second size at the second display position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,280

GLASS PANEL FOR DISPLAY SYSTEM

SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD...

13. The glazing as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two hydroxyl groups are in para position on the benzene ring.

US Pat. No. 10,191,279

EYE IMAGING IN HEAD WORN COMPUTING

Osterhout Group, Inc., S...

1. A head-worn computer with a see-through computer display through which a user is able to see a surrounding environment and upon which a user is able to see digitally presented content, comprising:an eye imaging camera mounted in the head-worn computer at a position to capture an image of an eye of the user;
an eye illumination system mounted in the head-worn computer at a position to illuminate the eye such that an eye glint is produced and reflected from the eye of the user towards the eye imaging camera;
a processor, in the head-worn computer, adapted to compute a position of the eye from the image of the eye, as determined by a relative position of the eye glint to a portion of the eye, and to compare the position of the eye with dimensions of a field of view of the see-through computer display to determine a position of the eye with respect to the field of view;
the processor further adapted to establish a virtual target line in a direction that intersects a forward direction of the eye and the field of view, forming a field of view intersection; and
causing content to display at the field of view intersection such that the content is aligned with a viewing perspective of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,191,270

IMAGING UNIT AND ENDOSCOPE APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. An imaging unit provided at a distal end of an endoscope, the imaging unit comprising:a solid state image sensor configured to receive light and perform photoelectric conversion on the light to generate an electric signal;
a substrate extending from the solid state image sensor in an optical axis direction of the solid state image sensor;
a multi-layer substrate formed on a surface of the substrate, the multi-layer substrate having a plurality of electronic components mounted thereon, the multi-layer substrate having a plurality of conductor layers and a plurality of via holes formed therein, the solid state image sensor being positioned on a distal end of the multi-layer substrate; and
a signal cable connected to a proximal end of the multi-layer substrate;
wherein the plurality of electronic components are disposed in a position excluding a center of the multi-layer substrate in the optical axis direction,
at least one of the plurality of electronic components is embedded inside the multi-layer substrate, and
the plurality of via holes are formed on both sides of the at least one of the plurality of electronic components embedded inside the multi-layer substrate along an optical axis direction of the multi-layer substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,263

SCANNING MICROSCOPY SYSTEM

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A scanning microscopy system comprising:a photodetector that has a plurality of light-receiving elements placed in order on an image surface; and
a scanning optical system that irradiates light onto a plurality of spots on an observed object to scan the observed object such that a positional relationship between an image of the observed object and the photodetector is maintained,
wherein the scanning optical system includes a confocal plate in which a plurality of apertures are placed in order in an intermediate image plane situated between the observed object and the photodetector and that includes a lens array having a plurality of lens elements that cover the plurality of apertures, and
wherein the lens array individually demagnifies intermediate images of the plurality of spots that are formed or that have been formed in the plurality of apertures such that each of the plurality of spots is projected onto the photodetector at a magnification lower than a magnification at which the observed object is projected onto the photodetector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,262

WAVEGUIDE FOR MULTISPECTRAL FUSION

Qioptiq Limited, St. Asa...

1. A system comprising:an optical waveguide configured to receive multispectral radiation from a scene;
a first optical component configured to cause:
a first portion of the multispectral radiation with wavelengths in a first range to exit the optical waveguide at a first position; and
a second portion of the multispectral radiation with wavelengths in a second range to travel through the optical waveguide from the first position to a second position via total internal reflection;
a second optical component configured to cause the second portion of the multispectral radiation to exit the optical waveguide at the second position; and
a first objective for a first optical sub-system, wherein the first objective is configured to receive the first portion of the multispectral radiation after exiting the optical waveguide at the first position;
a second objective for a second optical sub-system, wherein the second objective is configured to receive the second portion of the multispectral radiation after exiting the optical waveguide at the second position;
the first optical sub-system is configured to process the first portion of the multispectral radiation, and
the second optical sub-system is configured to process the second portion of the multispectral radiation; and wherein the system is configured to produce an image of the scene that comprises:
a visual representation of the first portion of the multispectral radiation; and
a visual representation of the second portion of the multispectral radiation, wherein the visual representation of the first portion of the multispectral radiation and the visual representation of the second portion of the multispectral radiation overlap each other in the produced image.

US Pat. No. 10,191,255

FOUR-ELEMENT ATHERMAL LENS

OmniVision Technologies, ...

1. A four-element athermal lens comprising: four coaxially aligned lenses including a (i) first lens and, in order of increasing distance therefrom and on a same side thereof, (ii) a second lens, a third lens, and a fourth lens;the first lens and the second lens being negative lenses,
the third lens and the fourth lens being positive lenses,
the first lens, second lens, third lens, and fourth lens having respective refractive indices n1, n2, n3, and n4, each satisfying n=1.51±0.05 in a free-space wavelength range between 830 nm and 870 nm,
refractive indices n1, n2, n3, and n4 having respective temperature dependences
each ofexciding, in the free-space wavelength range, each ofby a factor between 2.05 and 2.85, inclusive.

US Pat. No. 10,191,254

WIDE-ANGLE LENS AND IMAGING UNIT

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A wide-angle lens, comprising:a first lens group that has positive refractive power;
an aperture stop;
a second lens group that has negative refractive power; and
a third lens group that has positive refractive power, wherein
the first lens group, the aperture stop, the second lens group, and the third lens group are arranged in order from an object side toward an image side,
a focusing operation is based on a movement of the second lens group toward the image side upon variation in subject distance from infinite to proximity,
the first lens group includes a negative lens, a first lens that has negative refractive power, a second lens that has positive refractive power, and at least one cemented lens,
the negative lens, the first lens, the second lens, and the at least one cemented lens are arranged in order from the object side toward the image side,
the negative lens is closer to the object side than remaining lenses of the first lens group and the negative lens has a convex surface that faces the object side, and
the following conditional expression is satisfied,
0.5 where f1 is a focal distance of the first lens group in a condition that the infinite is in focus, and f is a focal distance of a whole system in the condition that the infinite is in focus.

US Pat. No. 10,191,250

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS ASSEMBLY, IMAGE CAPTURING UNIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LARGAN PRECISION CO., LTD...

1. An optical imaging lens assembly comprising six lens elements, the six lens elements being, in order from an object side to an image side, a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element, a fifth lens element and a sixth lens element;wherein the first lens element has negative refractive power, the second lens element has positive refractive power, the third lens element has an object-side surface being convex in a paraxial region thereof and an image-side to surface being concave in a paraxial region thereof, the fifth lens element has positive refractive power, the sixth lens element has an image-side surface being concave in a paraxial region thereof, and the image-side surface of the sixth lens element has at least one inflection point;
wherein an axial distance between an object-side surface of the first lens element and an image surface is TL, a focal length of the optical imaging lens assembly is f, a curvature radius of an object-side surface of the fourth lens element is R7, a curvature radius of an image-side surface of the fourth lens element is R8, and the following conditions are satisfied:
1.53?TL/f<2.85; and
0<(R7+R8)/(R7?R8)<5.0.

US Pat. No. 10,191,248

IMAGING LENS

KANTATSU CO., LTD., Yait...

12. An imaging lens comprising:seven constituent lenses which form an image of an object on a solid-state image sensor, in which the lenses are arranged in order from an object side to an image side of the imaging lens and are spaced from each other, the seven constituent lenses comprising:
a first lens with a positive refractive power;
a second lens with a negative refractive power;
a third lens with a positive or a negative refractive power;
a fourth lens with a positive or a negative refractive power;
a fifth lens with a positive refractive power;
a sixth lens with a positive or a negative refractive power; and
a seventh lens being a double-sided aspheric lens having a concave surface facing the image side, wherein
the third lens, the fourth lens, the fifth lens, and the sixth lens each have at least one aspheric surface,
the seventh lens has a pole-change point spaced from an optical axis of the imaging lens on its aspheric image-side surface, and expressions (9) and (10) are satisfied:
40 20<|?d5??d6|<40  (10), where
?d4 is an Abbe number of the fourth lens at d-ray,
?d5 is an Abbe number of the fifth lens at d-ray, and
?d6 is an Abbe number of the sixth lens at d-ray.

US Pat. No. 10,191,245

IMAGE SENSOR

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. An image sensor comprising:a first photoelectric conversion element;
a second photoelectric conversion element that is adjacent to the first photoelectric conversion element and receives light entering through a microlens placed in common with the first photoelectric conversion element;
a first transfer transistor that reads charge from the first photoelectric conversion element;
a second transfer transistor that reads charge from the second photoelectric conversion element;
a first read timing signal line that supplies a first read timing signal being common to the first transfer transistor and the second transfer transistor;
a first output line that outputs an output signal generated based on charge read through the first transfer transistor;
a second output line that outputs an output signal generated based on charge read through the second transfer transistor;
a first amplification transistor that amplifies a first voltage generated by charge output through the first transfer transistor and outputs an amplified first voltage to the first output line;
a second amplification transistor that amplifies a second voltage generated by charge output through the second transfer transistor and outputs an amplified second voltage to the second output line;
a fifth photoelectric conversion element;
a sixth photoelectric conversion element that is adjacent to the fifth photoelectric conversion element and receives light entering through another microlens placed in common with the fifth photoelectric conversion element;
fifth transfer transistor that reads charge from the fifth photoelectric conversion element, and outputs a fifth voltage generated by the read charge from the fifth photoelectric conversion element to the second amplification transistor;
a sixth transfer transistor that reads charge from the sixth photoelectric conversion element;
a third read timing signal line that supplies a third read timing signal being common to the fifth transfer transistor and the sixth transfer transistor and enabled at different timing from the first read timing signal; and
a third output line that outputs an output signal generated based on charge read through the sixth transfer transistor, the third output line being different from the first output line and the second output line,
wherein the fifth voltage generated by charge output through the fifth transfer transistor is amplified by the second amplification transistor and output to the second output line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,242

MOVEABLE MIRROR ASSEMBLY FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE CASE

Scandit AG, Zurich (CH)

1. A case for a portable electronic device having a display screen on a front of the portable electronic device, the case comprising:a housing having a shape fitted at least in part to a shape of at least a portion of an exterior of the portable electronic device and arranged to receive and hold the at least the portion of the portable electronic device, the housing comprising:
a first opening on a front surface of the housing to correspond to a position of the display screen on the front of the portable electronic device when the portable electronic device is disposed in the housing;
a protrusion extending from a back surface of the housing and integrated with the housing, the protrusion having a protrusion top surface, the protrusion being arranged to extend away from a back of the portable electronic device when the portable electronic device is disposed in the housing;
at least one second opening in the protrusion top surface of the protrusion from the housing; and
at least one optical element, disposed within the protrusion from the housing, to convey light between the at least one second opening in the protrusion top surface of the housing and the back of the portable electronic device when the portable electronic device is disposed in the housing, the at least one optical element comprising at least one light-redirecting component arranged in the protrusion so as to redirect light entering the at least one second opening in the protrusion top surface of the protrusion, when the portable electronic device is disposed in the housing, to a camera disposed on the back of the portable electronic device,
wherein:
the protrusion comprises one or more mounting elements, disposed inside the protrusion, to provide a mount that is angled with respect to the back of the portable electronic device and angled with respect to the protrusion top surface; and
the at least one light-redirecting component is mounted on the one or more mounting elements so as to be mounted angled with respect to the back of the portable electronic device and angled with respect to the protrusion top surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,241

IMAGING DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An imaging device comprising:an imaging lens which is held by a lens barrel and forms an image of a photographic subject;
an imaging element which captures the image of the photographic subject which is formed by the imaging lens; and
an intermediate member which is made of a material having a linear expansion coefficient different from that of the lens barrel, and has, on an inner peripheral surface of one end thereof, a flange portion which comes into contact with the lens barrel, and the flange portion holds the lens barrel by joining a surface on the photographic subject side of the lens barrel and a surface on the imaging element side of the flange portion to each other,
wherein the flange portion is made integrally with the intermediate member and is made of a material as same as the intermediate member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,240

LENS BARREL

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A lens barrel, comprising:a frame body for holding an optical element;
a frame body holding member holding the frame body; and
a mounting member arranged on an object side or an image side of the frame body, mounted on the frame body holding member and having a reference portion on which another member is to be mounted,
wherein the mounting member includes an opening portion open to penetrate from the object side to the image side,
wherein the frame body includes a frame main body portion for holding the optical element, and adjusters arranged at positions spaced apart from each other in a circumferential direction of the frame main body portion for adjusting the position of the frame body with respect to a predetermined axis of the frame body holding member to adjust the orientation of an optical axis in the optical element and the position of the optical element in a direction of the optical axis,
wherein the adjusters are arranged at respective positions that are each adjustable from the opening portion, each of the adjusters including a biasing member for biasing the frame main body portion toward the image side in the optical axis direction, and a bolt-like engaging member held in the frame main body portion and being operable from the opening portion for moving the frame main body portion toward an object side of the optical axis direction against biasing force provided by the biasing member,
wherein the frame body holding member includes main body mounting pieces, each main body mounting piece being configured to receive a respective bolt-like engaging member, the main body mounting pieces being fixed to the frame body holding member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,238

FIBER OPTIC CABLE MANAGEMENT KIT AND CHASSIS

DMSI International, Veni...

1. A fiber optic cable management kit, comprising:a plate adapted to secure to a chassis floor, the plate comprising a plurality of slide-lock apertures disposed through a top face of the plate, the plurality of slide-lock apertures comprising a first group of slide-lock apertures and a second group of slide-lock apertures spaced apart from the first group of slide-lock apertures, wherein each of the first and second groups of slide-lock apertures comprise first slide-lock apertures oriented in a first direction and second slide-lock apertures orientated in a second direction opposite the first direction;
a cable tie down adapted to slide-lock engage the plate, the cable tie down comprising a slide-lock engagement feature and a compliant mechanism each adapted to engage in one of the plurality of slide-lock apertures of the plate, the cable tie down further comprising opposing first and second rows of spaced apertures adapted to receive cable tie downs therethrough; and
a fiber organizer adapted to slide-lock engage the plate, the fiber organizer comprising a slide-lock engagement feature and a compliant mechanism each adapted to engage in one of the plurality of slide-lock apertures of the plate, the fiber organizer further comprising a plurality of spaced parallel arcuate walls each capped with a cable retention feature configured to retain at least one cable between adjacent ones of the spaced parallel arcuate walls, the cable retention feature comprising first and second spaced projections extending perpendicularly from a respective parallel arcuate wall in a direction of an adjacent parallel arcuate wall.

US Pat. No. 10,191,237

BINDER FILM SYSTEM

Corning Optical Communica...

1. A fiber optic cable, comprising:inner core elements wound in a pattern of stranding, the inner core elements comprising tubes surrounding optical fibers;
an inner binder film surrounding the stranded inner core elements, wherein the inner binder film is continuous peripherally around the core elements, forming a continuous closed loop when viewed in cross-section, and continuous lengthwise along a length of the cable that is at least a meter, and wherein the inner binder film is in radial tension and opposes outwardly transverse deflection of the inner core elements, and wherein the inner binder film has a thickness of 0.5 millimeters or less and is formed from an extrudable polymeric material;
outer core elements wound in a pattern of stranding around the inner binder film and the inner core elements, the outer core elements also comprising tubes surrounding optical fibers; and
an outer binder film surrounding the stranded outer core elements such that the inner binder film and inner core elements are nested within the outer core elements, and the outer core elements are in turn nested within the outer binder film, wherein the outer binder film is in radial tension and opposes outwardly transverse deflection of the outer core elements.

US Pat. No. 10,191,236

HIGH-SPEED MULTI-CHANNEL OPTICAL TRANSMITTER MODULE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

TrueLight Corporation, T...

1. A high-speed multi-channel optical transmitter module, comprising:a casing, having thereinside an accommodation space;
an MT ferrule, located in the accommodation space, having thereof a front end surface exposed out of the casing and a rear end surface having an optical fiber array including a plurality of bare optical fibers;
a waveguide sub-module, located in the accommodation space by closing to the MT ferrule, further including a front portion, a plurality of waveguide structures and a rear portion, the front portion having a recessed portion, the rear portion having a photo-transceiving component accommodation area, and the plurality of waveguide structures located inside the waveguide sub-module and extending between the recessed portion and the photo-transceiving component accommodation area, the recessed portion having a plurality of V-shape grooves extending in a front-rear direction, each of the bare optical fibers being positioned by one said corresponding V-shape groove, such that an end of said each of the bare optical fibers is to contact a contact surface on the recessed portion of the waveguide sub-module and to optically couple one said corresponding waveguide structure;
at least one LD sub-module, located in the photo-transceiving component accommodation area, optically coupled with at least one said corresponding waveguide structure;
at least one PD sub-module, located in the photo-transceiving component accommodation area, optically coupled with at least one said corresponding waveguide structure; and
a circuit board, located in the accommodation space by closing to the rear portion of the waveguide sub-module, electrically coupled with the at least one LD sub-module and the at least one PD sub-module, further having a tail portion thereof exposed out of the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,235

LENS MEMBER, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, COMMUNICATION MODULE, LENS ARRAY, AND LIGHT-SOURCE MODULE

MAXELL, LTD., Otokuni (J...

1. A lens member to be surface-mounted to a substrate, the lens member comprising:a glass lens that has been previously made; and
a mounting portion which, with the glass lens disposed inside, is in a state where a resin material different from the glass lens has been formed into a polygonal column surrounded by a plurality of planes,
wherein:
when the mounting portion having the glass lens is surface-mounted onto the substrate, one of the planes of the mounting portion is used as an attachment face located on a mounting face of the substrate, anda pair of mutually parallel planes are disposed on the mounting portion in a direction orthogonal to an optical axis of the glass lens, and when a thickness of the glass lens in the optical axis direction is D and a distance between the pair of planes in the optical axis direction orthogonal to the optical axis of the glass lens of the mounting portion is T, D and T satisfy the following condition:0.2D ?T ?2.0D.

US Pat. No. 10,191,232

OPTICAL MODULE

OE SOLUTIONS CO., LTD., ...

1. An optical module comprising:an optical transmitter configured to output a first optical signal;
an optical receiver configured to receive a second optical signal;
a holder including an optical fiber on which the first optical signal is incident and from which the second optical signal is emitted;
a first optical filter disposed between the optical transmitter and the holder to transmit the first optical signal and reflect the second optical signal;
a first parallel light lens disposed between the first optical filter and the optical transmitter;
a second parallel light lens disposed between the first optical filter and the holder;
a case into which the optical transmitter, the optical receiver, and the holder are inserted and in which the first optical filter, the first parallel light lens, and the second parallel light lens are disposed;
an isolator disposed between the first parallel light lens and the optical transmitter;
a reflector which is configured to reflect the second optical signal reflected by the first optical filter toward the optical receiver;
a second optical filter disposed between the reflector and the optical receiver; and
an adjustment member which is configured to couple the optical transmitter to the case,
wherein the holder is configured to accommodate the first parallel light lens, the second parallel light lens, the first optical filter, the reflector, and the second optical filter, and
wherein the adjustment member comprises a first adjustment member coupled with the case and a second adjustment member inserted into the first adjustment member and coupled with the optical transmitter.

US Pat. No. 10,191,231

ENHANCING THE BANDWIDTH OF LIGHT SENSORS ON PLANAR OPTICAL DEVICES COMPRISING A LIGHT SENSOR CONFIGURED TO OUTPUT A PASSED LIGHT SIGNAL AND TO RECEIVE AT LEAST A PORTION OF THE PASSED LIGHT SIGNAL

Mellanox Technologies Sil...

1. An optical device, comprising:a light sensor configured to detect light signals,
the light sensor being positioned on a base,
the light sensor being configured to receive an input light signal and then output a portion of the received input light signal as a passed light signal; and
a return system located on the base such that the return system receives the passed light signal from the light sensor and returns at least a portion of the light from the passed light signal back to the light sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,228

OPTICAL CONNECTORS AND COMPLIMENTARY OPTICAL RECEPTACLES HAVING MAGNETIC ATTACHMENT

Corning Optical Communica...

1. An optical device, comprising:a connector housing comprising:
a first portion comprising one or more magnetic pockets for receiving one or more second magnetic materials; and
a second portion coupled to the first portion, wherein the connector housing comprises one or more alignment features configured as protrusions; and
an optical body integrally formed with the first portion of the connector housing, the optical body comprising:
at least one optical channel having an optical interface portion,
a total internal reflection (TIR) surface for turning the optical signal of the at least one optical channel,
at least one fiber lead-in aligned to the TIR surface, wherein the optical body forms a portion of the connector housing for directly mating with an complimentary device, and
one or more openings for receiving one or more first magnetic materials.

US Pat. No. 10,191,225

OPTICAL CONNECTOR

Yazaki Corporation, Toky...

1. An optical connector comprising:a connection end part to be provided at a tip end of an optical fiber;
a housing which houses the connection end part and includes an opening part in a top surface;
a lid part which is attached to the housing so as to cover the opening part; and
a plate-shaped pressure crimping member which includes a recess part where the optical fiber is placed,
wherein
the plate-shaped pressure crimping member is provided in such a manner that an opening of the recess part opens toward a bottom surface of the housing, and
the plate-shaped pressure crimping member is configured such that when the lid part is attached to the housing, the optical fiber is sandwiched and pressed between the pressure crimping member and the bottom surface, such that the optical fiber is prevented from moving along a lengthwise direction of the optical fiber and which cover part is not pierced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,224

OPTICAL RECEPTACLE

Toto Ltd., Fukuoka (JP)

1. An optical receptacle, comprising:a fiber stub including an optical fiber, a ferrule, a transparent member and an elastic member, the optical fiber including cladding and a core for conducting light, the ferrule having a through-hole fixing the optical fiber, the elastic member being disposed in the through-hole of the ferrule with the optical fiber; and
a holder holding the fiber stub,
wherein the through-hole of the ferrule includes a small diameter portion having the optical fiber disposed therein, a large diameter portion having a slit which has a constant width and which passes through a central axis of the ferrule, and the transparent member is disposed on a bottom surface of the slit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,222

OPTICAL CONNECTOR APPARATUS

JAPAN AVIATION ELECTRONIC...

1. An optical connector connectable with a connection member along a predetermined direction, the connection member comprising at least two grip portions each having conductivity, and the optical connector comprising a connector housing, a first ferrule having a first end surface, and a second ferrule having a second end surface, wherein:the connector housing arranges the first ferrule and the second ferrule along a direction perpendicular to the predetermined direction,
the first end surface and the second end surface face a same orientation as each other in the predetermined direction, and the first end surface and the second end surface do not face each other,
the first ferrule is provided with a first conductive portion,
when the optical connector is connected to the connection member, one of the grip portions grips the first conductive portion so as to be electrically connected with the first conductive portion,
the second ferrule is provided with a second conductive portion,
when the optical connector is connected to the connection member, the other one of the grip portions grips the second conductive portion so as to be electrically connected with the second conductive portion, and
in the predetermined direction, a distance between the first end surface and the first conductive portion is different from another distance between the second end surface and the second conductive portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,221

OPTICAL ASSEMBLY WITH COVER TO BASE OPTO-MECHANICAL COUPLING

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. An optical assembly, comprising:a base sub-assembly comprising a mounting point for an optical socket connector; and
a cover sub-assembly to be coupled to the base sub-assembly, and
a carrier to receive an optical fiber ferrule and permit opto-mechanical coupling between the optical fiber ferrule and the optical socket connector when the base-sub assembly is coupled to the cover sub-assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,191,220

POWER-EFFICIENT OPTICAL CIRCUIT

VOLCANO CORPORATION, San...

1. An intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging apparatus, comprising:a catheter or guidewire configured to be positioned within a blood vessel of a patient, the catheter or guidewire comprising an optical fiber configured to deliver light to the blood vessel to image the blood vessel;
a system configured to generate an OCT image of the blood vessel and in communication with the catheter or guidewire, the system comprising an optical circuit configured to provide the light to the optical fiber via an output channel, the optical circuit comprising:
a first optical path transmitting a first optical signal;
a second optical path transmitting a second optical signal; and
a means for recombining the first optical signal with the second optical signal without discarding an optical power of the first optical signal or the second optical signal, the means for recombining comprising a single output in communication with the output channel, wherein the means for recombining is configured to sequentially switch a connection of the first optical path and a connection of the second optical path to the single output such that the entire first optical signal and the entire second optical signal is sequentially directed to the output channel,
wherein the system is configured to generate the OCT image based on the optical power of the entire first optical signal and the entire second optical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,218

OPTICAL ELEMENT AND OPTICAL CONNECTOR

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. An optical element coupled to a ferrule that holds an optical fiber for single mode, the optical element comprising:a glass-made optical portion;
a plurality of lenses disposed in the optical portion; and
a resin-made holder that holds the optical portion, wherein
the lenses are disposed with respect to an end portion of the optical fiber, using at least a part of the holder, wherein
a shaft is inserted in the ferrule,
the optical portion has a notch,
and the optical element is coupled to the ferrule by engaging the shaft with the notch and the holder.

US Pat. No. 10,191,217

STRUCTURE FOR COUPLING A PHOTONIC CIRCUIT TO AN EXTERNAL DEVICE

1. A device comprising first and second photonic circuits, each one of the first and second photonic circuits comprising a structure of coupling to an outer device, the structure comprising:a main waveguide having a rectangular transverse cross-section; and
four secondary waveguides, each secondary waveguide having a first portion substantially parallel to the main guide arranged in the vicinity of the main guide to perform an evanescent wave coupling between the main guide and the secondary guide, the first portion extending in a second portion having an end opposite to the first portion defining a coupling surface of the secondary guide, emerging at the level of an external surface of the circuit, wherein the first portions of the four secondary guides are, in transverse cross-section, arranged around the main guide on the diagonals of the main guide, and
wherein the coupling surfaces of the four secondary guides of the first circuit are respectively placed against the coupling surfaces of the four secondary guides of the second circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,208

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A light source device comprising:a reflection sheet suspended by protrusions which penetrate plural places of an outer peripheral edge part of the reflection sheet; and
a light guide plate disposed to face the reflection sheet,
wherein
the light guide plate has notches formed in an edge part corresponding to the outer peripheral edge part of the reflection sheet, and at positions corresponding to the protrusions,
the outer peripheral edge part of the reflection sheet has concave parts and convex parts, and the convex parts of the outer peripheral edge part are penetrated by the protrusions,
the concave parts of the outer peripheral edge part are provided with spacers to constantly maintain an interval between the light guide plate and the reflection sheet,
the spacer has a contact surface being uneven which contacts with the light guide plate and has a friction coefficient lower than that of the light guide plate, and
an interval between each convex part and each spacer in a juxtaposed direction in which the convex parts are juxtaposed is increased as a position of the interval between each convex part and each spacer gets closer to an end part of the reflection sheet in the juxtaposed direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,207

LIGHT EMITTING MODULE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH THE SAME

ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC., T...

1. A light emitting module, adapted to a mainboard including a side edge, the light emitting module comprising:a circuit board, detachably attaching to the mainboard and adjacent to the side edge of the mainboard;
a plurality of light emitting elements, disposed at the circuit board; and
a light guide bar, disposed at the circuit board, when the light emitting module is assembled to the mainboard, the light guide bar uniformly guides light from the light emitting elements, wherein the light guide bar includes a light guide bar end surface, the mainboard includes a mainboard end surface, and the light guide bar end surface is aligned with the mainboard end surface to allow the light from the light emitting elements uniformly transmitting outwardly from the side edge of the mainboard.

US Pat. No. 10,191,203

STACKING-TYPE OPTICAL SHEET MODULE

LMS CO., LTD, Pyeongtaek...

1. A stacked optical sheet module, comprising:an upper optical sheet having a bottom surface and a first structural pattern in which first unit light-condensing bodies are successively repeated, cross-sectional areas of the first unit light-condensing bodies gradually decreasing towards a top; and
a lower optical sheet which has a second structural pattern and is disposed below the upper optical sheet in a stacked form, second unit light-condensing bodies and third unit light-condensing bodies being combined and successively disposed in the second structural pattern, the second unit light-condensing bodies respectively having a gradually decreasing cross-sectional area toward the top and being joined with the upper optical sheet, and the third unit light-condensing bodies respectively having a gradually decreasing cross-sectional area toward the top, a vertical distance from a lowest portion to a highest portion of each of the third unit light-condensing bodies being formed relatively shorter than a vertical distance from a lowest portion to a highest portion of each of the second unit light-condensing bodies,
wherein a vertical angle of the highest portion of each of the second unit light-condensing bodies is formed relatively smaller than a vertical angle of the highest portion of each of the third unit light-condensing bodies, and
wherein the second structural pattern is at least partially directly joined to the bottom surface of the upper optical sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,191,201

LIGHT EMITTING EMBLEM

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. A light emitting emblem comprising:a board having a first peripheral edge;
a light source arranged at the first peripheral edge;
a light guide plate having a second peripheral edge and an inner side portion, the second peripheral edge having a first surface facing the light source and a second surface opposite to the first surface, the first surface including a light entering part into which light from the light source is incident, and the second surface including an inclination part through which the light incident into the light entering part is reflected to the inner side portion from the second peripheral edge; and
a shielding plate that shields the light from the light source and prevents light not incident from the light entering part from being incident into the inner side portion,
wherein the inclination part is positioned at an outer edge of the light emitting emblem from the shielding plate, and
wherein the light guide plate has the light entering part facing the light source on the first surface of the second peripheral edge of the light guide plate and the inclination part on the second surface of an opposite side.

US Pat. No. 10,191,198

DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING DIRECTIONAL BACKLIGHT UNIT AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING THE DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a switch panel;
a backlight comprising:
a light source,
a light-guide plate configured to guide light from the light source through total internal reflection,
an array of diffraction lattice elements provided on an upper surface of the light-guide plate and configured to output the light from the light source to the switch panel through the upper surface of the light guide plate, and
an input coupler provided on a side surface of the light-guide plate, configured to input the light from the light source to the light-guide plate, and fixed to the light-guide plate so as to provide the light from the light source to the switch panel; and
an auxiliary structure coupled to the input coupler and the switch panel so as to fix the switch panel to the backlight.

US Pat. No. 10,191,197

BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight module, comprising:a light-guiding plate;
a light bar arranged at a light incident side of the light-guiding plate; and
a light beam processing device arranged at an outside of the light-guiding plate to collect light beams not entered into the light-guiding plate, and configured to transmit the collected light beams to a light compensation position to emit the collected light beams into the light-guiding plate,
wherein the light beam processing device comprises a plurality of optical fibers, and each of the plurality of optical fibers comprises a light incident end, an optical fiber body and a light-exiting end.

US Pat. No. 10,191,196

BACKLIGHT UNIT FOR HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY APPARATUS AND HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A backlight unit (BLU) comprising:a light source unit that emits illumination light;
a light guide plate that is transparent and comprises a light incidence surface, on which the illumination light emitted by the light source unit is incident, and a light emission surface through which the illumination light is emitted;
an input coupler that directs the illumination light from the light source unit into the light guide plate; and
an output coupler that is disposed on the light emission surface of the light guide plate, wherein the illumination light is emitted from the light guide plate through the output coupler,
wherein the light source unit comprises a beam deflector that controls an incidence angle of the illumination light incident onto the light guide plate,
wherein the beam deflector is selectively controlled to change a traveling direction of the illumination light onto the light guide plate based on changes in positions of pupils of an observer,
wherein the light guide plate has a flat panel shape such that the light guide plate totally internally reflects the illumination light emitted by the light source unit,
wherein the light guide plate has an upper surface and a lower surface, and
wherein the illumination light entering into the light guide plate is totally internally reflected between the upper surface and the lower surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,194

SPECTRAL TARGET FOR MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC REFLECTANCE IMAGING

Rochester Institute of Te...

1. A spectral target for determining the spectral reflectance factor and/or colorimetric coordinates of a sample, comprising:a mirror-like substrate containing a plurality of microstructures arranged in an array across the surface of the substrate and each one of the plurality of microstructures having an opaque multi-layer spectrally selective coating with a specific spectral reflectance profile, wherein the substrate has multiple spectral selectivity profiles in multiple locations.

US Pat. No. 10,191,187

OUTDOOR DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An outdoor display apparatus comprising:a display panel;
a transparent panel disposed in front of the display panel;
a light-blocking layer disposed on a front surface of the transparent panel by a sputtering process and configured to block a portion of light transmitted to the display panel;
an anti-graffiti layer disposed on a front surface of the light-blocking layer;
a light-absorbing layer disposed on a rear surface of the transparent panel and in front of the display panel and between the transparent panel and the display panel; and
an anti-fog layer disposed on a rear surface of the light-absorbing layer,
wherein the light-blocking layer is disposed between the anti-graffiti layer and the transparent panel,
wherein the light-absorbing layer comprises a polarizing film having a front surface and a rear surface, and a ?/4 film having a front surface and a rear surface, and
wherein the front surface of the polarizing film is attached to the rear surface of the transparent panel, the front surface of the ?/4 film is attached to the rear surface of the polarizing film, and the anti-fog layer is attached to the rear surface of the ?/4 film.

US Pat. No. 10,191,177

APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR METAL DETECTION INVOLVING A MOBILE TERMINAL WITH A DISPLAY

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one first signal loop configured to receive a first signal;
at least one second signal loop magnetically coupled with the at least one first signal loop configured to generate a second signal based on induction when the at least one first signal loop receives the first signal and is magnetically coupled with the at least one second signal loop; and
a signal processor configured to monitor the second signal and determine a presence of at least one metal object dependent on induction interference of the at least one metal object on the second signal when the at least one first signal loop is magnetically coupled with the at least one second signal loop.

US Pat. No. 10,191,176

DOOR ASSEMBLY FOR AN MRI ROOM

Metrasens Limited, Malve...

1. An MRI room door assembly for use in protecting an entrance to a room containing an MRI scanner system, the assembly comprising a doorframe that is suitable of being fixed in position within or around an opening to the room, a door that is fixed to the doorframe, and a sealing arrangement that seals the door to the frame when it is at rest in the closed position and which is released as a user initiates an opening of the door, in which at least one or more of the door and the doorframe include a built in safety system which provides a function relating to preventing ferromagnetic objects being brought unintentionally close to the MRI machine,in which the safety system comprises a ferromagnetic detection system (FMDS) arranged in use to warn a person approaching the door with a ferromagnetic object that they should not enter the room through the door with the ferromagnetic object;
in which the FMDS comprises:
a primary sensor means comprising at least one passive magnetic sensor means which detects the disturbances in the ambient magnetic field which occur as the ferromagnetic object moves through the field;
a secondary non-magnetic sensor means which detects movement of objects in the vicinity of the primary sensor means; and
a processing circuit which is arranged to monitor the signals from the sensors and to provide an alarm in the event that both the primary and secondary sensor means detect a moving ferromagnetic object,
in which the signal processing circuit is configured to identify temporal variations in the measurement signal due to the movement of a ferromagnetic object within the ambient magnetic field and to correlate the identified temporal variations in the measurement signal with instances in which the non-magnetic sensor means detects the presence of an object in its detection zone, and in which the signal processing circuit is arranged to cause the alarm to operate in the event that the correlation is indicative of the presence of a ferromagnetic object in the primary detection zone, and
further in which the signal processing circuit is adapted to determine the direction from which the object is approaching the doorway from the output signals from the non-magnetic sensor means and to modify the operation of the alarm dependent on the direction of approach.

US Pat. No. 10,191,173

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EVALUATING ANNULAR MATERIAL USING BEAMFORMING FROM ACOUSTIC ARRAYS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method, comprising:placing a logging tool into a cased well, the logging tool coupled to an array of acoustic transmitters and an array of acoustic receivers;
insonifying, by a plurality of sets of transmitters of the array of acoustic transmitters, each set including at least two transmitters, a casing of the well with a plurality of acoustic signals at a plurality of angles relative to a normal of the casing, wherein each signal of the plurality is generated by one of the sets of the plurality, wherein the plurality of signals are varied over a suitable range of angles relative to the normal of the casing, and wherein insonifying the casing with each of the plurality of acoustic signals further comprises:
applying, by the logging tool, a predetermined time gating of the corresponding set of transmitters in order to pulse each of the transmitters of said set with a selected delay relative to a reference time; and generating an associated acoustic signal based on respective transmissions by transmitters of said set according to said time gating, wherein the sum of the respective transmissions by transmitters of said set creates the associated acoustic signal,
receiving, by a plurality of sets of receivers of the array of acoustic receivers, a plurality of response signals corresponding to the insonification with the plurality of acoustic signals;
based on the plurality of response signals, detecting and selectively exciting a plurality of Lamb modes with specific acoustic signals having specific angle relative to the normal of the casing, and
determining, by the logging tool based at least in part on the specific response signals corresponding to the insonification with the specific acoustic signals, one or more properties associated with an annulus between the casing and a formation of the cased well.

US Pat. No. 10,191,167

CORRECTING THE EFFECTS OF DEVIATION AND DISPERSION ON SONIC LOG MEASUREMENTS OF DEVIATED WELLS IN LAMINATED FORMATIONS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:a) defining, by a processor, Thomsen parameters for each log measurement depth using at least one of one or more formation constituents, one or more predetermined formation constraints, one or more predetermined formation type cut-offs and maximum Thomsen parameters for the formation;
b) correcting, by the processor, shear wave travel time (DTS) and compressional wave travel time (DTC) simultaneously for deviation and dispersion on sonic log measurements of deviated wells using the Thomsen parameters and a non-linear solver;
c) calculating, by the processor, dispersion, shear wave velocity with horizontal polarizations at 90 degrees (VSH90), shear wave velocity with horizontal polarizations at 0 degrees (VSH0), compressional wave velocity at 0 degrees (VP0), compressional wave velocity at 90 degrees (VP90), shear wave velocity at ? degrees (VSV?), and new Thomsen parameters based on the corrected sonic log measurements; and
d) plotting, by the processor, the actual log measurements and the calculated dispersion, VSH90, VSH0, VP0, VP90, VSV?, new Thomsen parameters on separate respective graphs;
e) building, by the processor, a model of the deviated well using the calculated dispersion, VSH90, VSH0, VP0, VP90, VSV?, and new Thomsen parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,191,166

COMPLEX PORE GEOMETRY MODELING BY CONTINUOUSLY VARYING INCLUSIONS (CI) METHOD FOR ELASTIC PARAMETER PREDICTION USING INCLUSION MODELS

CGG SERVICES SAS, Massy ...

1. A method for predicting elastic parameters of a subsurface, the method comprising:generating models for changes in shear modulus and changes in bulk modulus of the subsurface as a combination of a host medium shear modulus and host medium bulk modulus and a plurality of inclusion shear moduli and inclusion bulk moduli, each inclusion shear modulus and inclusion bulk modulus comprising an unique inclusion geometry; and
using an inclusion-based rock physical model to solve the models for changes in shear modulus and changes in bulk modulus to predict an effective shear modulus of the subsurface and an effective bulk modulus of the subsurface;
wherein the effective shear module and the effective bulk module are used to generate an image of the subsurface, the image being usable for selecting drilling sites, monitoring well production and/or designing fracking operations.

US Pat. No. 10,191,165

USING AN OFFSET VECTOR TILE GATHER TO IMAGE A SUBSURFACE

CGG SERVICES SAS, Massy ...

1. A method for using an offset vector tile gather to image a subsurface, the method comprising:recording seismic data carrying structural information about the subsurface;
defining an offset vector tile gather by selecting a plurality of seismic traces from the recorded seismic data, each seismic trace in an offset vector tile comprising reflections from a plurality of subsurface reflectors such that the offset vector tile gather comprises a plurality of reflection points at given depths below a surface of the subsurface, each reflection point in the plurality of reflection points being disposed in a given seismic trace in the plurality of seismic traces where each given seismic trace extends from a seismic source located in one of a plurality of seismic source lines to a seismic receiver located in one of a plurality of seismic receiver lines, the plurality of reflection points defining an offset vector tile comprising a source line span parallel to the plurality of seismic source lines and a receiver line span parallel to the plurality of seismic receiver lines, the source line span being equal to or greater than a distance between adjacent seismic receiver lines in the plurality of seismic receiver lines and the receiver line span being less than a distance between adjacent seismic source lines in the plurality of seismic source lines; and
using the offset vector tile gather to produce a three dimensional image of the subsurface that has suppressed artifacts associated with footprint of seismic cables or nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,191,163

METHOD FOR THE ABSOLUTE CALIBRATION OF THE LOCATION AND ORIENTATION OF LARGE-FORMAT DETECTORS USING LASER RADAR

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of mapping pixel locations of a detector array comprising:measuring a location on the detector array;
initiating a frame readout of the detector array;
measuring a location of one or more metrology targets on the detector array;
analyzing the frame readout to identify a pixel at the location on the detector array measured by the laser radar system; and
defining a location of the identified pixel with respect to the location of the one or more metrology targets.

US Pat. No. 10,191,162

RADIATION HARD SILICON DETECTORS FOR X-RAY IMAGING

PRISMATIC SENSORS AB, St...

1. A detector system for x-ray imaging, said detector system comprising:a detector having a plurality of adjacent edge-on detector modules, wherein:
each of said edge-on detector modules comprises a first edge that is adapted to be oriented towards an x-ray source and a front-side running essentially parallel to the direction of incoming x-rays, said front-side comprising at least one charge collecting electrode and routing traces connecting the at least one charge collecting electrode with front-end electronics; and
at least a subset of said plurality of adjacent edge-on detector modules being pairwise arranged, front-side to front-side, whereby a front-side to front-side gap is defined between the front-sides of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules; and wherein
each said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules include an anti-scatter collimator arranged in the x-ray path between said x-ray source and said edge-on detector modules and overlapping said front-side to front-side gap, said anti-scatter collimator being arranged to protect the front-side surface of both detector modules in each said pairwise arranged edge-on detector module from damaging x-rays, and
each pair of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules further include an anti-scatter foil located in said front-side to front-side gap between the front-sides of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules.

US Pat. No. 10,191,160

STAGGERED DETECTOR ARRAY FOR LOCATING RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

1. A detector array for locating a radioactive source, comprising:at least twenty slab-shaped detectors configured to detect particles from the radioactive source, each detector being positioned parallel to an aiming plane that runs centrally from the back to the front of the detector array, wherein said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors are stacked face-to-face, wherein said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors are arranged in an alternating sequence of frontward and rearward detectors, and wherein each rearward detector is offset from one or more adjacent frontward detectors by a distance of 1 to 3 times the thickness of each of said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors, and wherein the thickness of each of said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors is 1 to 3 times the average interaction distance of the particles therein; and
a processor configured to be communicatively coupled to said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors and further configured to determine a front-versus-back position of the radioactive source by comparing a frontward detection peak associated with the frontward detectors with a rearward detection peak associated with the rearward detectors.

US Pat. No. 10,191,159

RADIATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A radiation measurement device, comprising:a radiation detector that detects radiation to thereby output a detection current signal;
a metering instrument that has: a signal converter for performing signal conversion of the detection current signal; a signal processor for processing a signal converted by the signal converter; a calculator for calculating an engineering value from a value processed by the signal processor; a selector which can operationally select a normal mode or a test mode; and a test-current generator for generating, when a DC voltage is supplied thereto from a power supply, a test current signal simulated for the detection current signal, and then inputting to the detection current signal, the test current signal to be superimposed thereon; and
a signal input line that connects the radiation detector and the metering instrument to each other, and has an input terminal placed between the radiation detector and the metering instrument, for inputting from the test-current generator;
wherein, when the test mode is operationally selected, the test current signal is superimposed on the detection current signal by the test-current generator, and then they are subjected to signal conversion by the signal converter, and when the normal mode is operationally selected, only the detection current signal is subjected to signal conversion by the signal converter; and
wherein, when the normal mode is operationally selected, the test-current generator interrupts inputting of the test current signal from the test-current generator to the input terminal, and diverts the test current signal to a potential same as a potential at the input terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,158

GNSS RECEIVER CALCULATING A NON-AMBIGUOUS DISCRIMINATOR TO RESOLVE SUBCARRIER TRACKING AMBIGUITIES

1. A receiver for tracking a GNSS positioning signal comprising a carrier modulated by a subcarrier and a spreading code, the receiver comprising:at least one tracking loop configured to calculate a first pseudo range from said GNSS positioning signal,
a first discrimination circuit configured to calculate an ambiguous discriminator value from the subcarrier and the spreading code of said GNSS positioning signal,
a calculation circuit configured to calculate a non-ambiguous value representative of a tracking error of said tracking loop,
a second discrimination circuit configured to select alternately one of said ambiguous discriminator value and said value calculated by the calculation circuit, and to generate a first non-ambiguous discriminator value, an amplitude of which is based on an amplitude of the selected value, and a sign of which is a sign of said value calculated by the calculation circuit, the first pseudo range being calculated using said first non-ambiguous discriminator.

US Pat. No. 10,191,156

VARIABLE FLUX ALLOCATION WITHIN A LIDAR FOV TO IMPROVE DETECTION IN A REGION

INNOVIZ TECHNOLOGIES LTD....

1. A LIDAR system, comprising:at least one processor configured to:
control at least one light source in a manner enabling light intensity to vary over a scan of a field of view using light from the at least one light source;
control at least one light deflector to deflect light from the at least one light source in order to scan the field of view;
obtain an identification of at least one distinct region of interest in the field of view;
during a first scanning cycle, cause light to be projected at a first light intensity toward at least one field of view pixel associated with the at least one distinct region of interest, wherein the at least one field of view pixel corresponds to a portion of the field of view from which reflected light is translated into a single data point; and
following the first scanning cycle and during at least one subsequent second scanning cycle, increase light allocation to the at least one distinct region of interest relative to other regions in the field of view by causing light to be projected at a second light intensity, higher than the first light intensity, toward the at least one field of view pixel associated with the at least one distinct region of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,191,154

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TIME-OF-FLIGHT IMAGING

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) emitting amplitude-modulated light that illuminates a scene and varying modulation frequency of the light in a sweep of modulation frequency that includes three or more modulation frequencies;
(b) applying an electrical reference signal to a set of pixels in a camera and varying frequency of the reference signal in such a way that frequency of the reference signal is equal to modulation frequency of the light at each of the modulation frequencies of the sweep; and
(c) for each respective pixel in the set of pixels
(i) outputting a vector of cross-correlations measured by the respective pixel at different modulation frequencies during the sweep, in such a way that, for each given modulation frequency in the sweep, the vector includes a measured cross-correlation of the reference signal and of a signal comprising reflected light, which reflected light is at the given modulation frequency and is incident on the respective pixel after reflecting from the scene,
(ii) performing spectral analysis of a discrete-valued signal encoded by the vector, which spectral analysis computes a dual frequency of the discrete-valued signal, and
(iii) calculating, based on the dual frequency
(A) optical path length of a path along which light travels to the respective pixel, or
(B) depth of a scene point that corresponds to the respective pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,152

LOW-COST LIGHTWEIGHT INTEGRATED ANTENNA FOR AIRBORNE WEATHER RADAR

Honeywell International I...

1. A weather radar system comprising an integrated radar antenna, the integrated radar antenna comprising a multi-layer circuit board comprising:a slotted array waveguide antenna, wherein the slotted array waveguide antenna comprises a substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) antenna;
radar transmitter electronics in signal communication with the slotted array waveguide antenna, wherein the radar transmit electronics, in conjunction with the slotted array waveguide antenna, are configured to output radar signals;
radar receiver electronics in signal communication with the slotted array waveguide antenna, wherein the radar receiver electronics are configured to receive from the slotted array waveguide antenna radar reflections corresponding to the outputted radar signals.

US Pat. No. 10,191,149

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SEMANTIC SENSING

LUCOMM TECHNOLIGIES, INC....

1. A semantic sensing system comprising:a first sensing entity;
a semantic engine coupled with the first sensing entity;
a memory associated with the semantic engine, the memory storing a plurality of semantics;
the memory further storing
a first semantic inference rule for a composite semantic comprising a group semantic;
the semantic engine further being configured to perform a control action by:
inferring the composite semantic based on an input from the first sensing entity at a first time and the first semantic inference rule;
adjusting a weight for the composite semantic based on an external input;
and performing the control action based on the adjusted weight for the composite semantic.

US Pat. No. 10,191,147

ULTRASOUND BASED CONFIGURATION DETECTION OF A MULTIPART ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An electronic apparatus, comprising:a first portion having an ultrasound emitter;
a second portion having an ultrasound sensor, the first portion and the second portion arranged to be movable with respect to each other thereby allowing distance between the ultrasound emitter and the ultrasound sensor to vary, wherein the first portion and the second portion are arranged to be foldable with respect to each other in a folding angle;
a measurement unit configured to measure current propagation delay of an ultrasound wave from the ultrasound emitter to the ultrasound sensor; and
a calculation unit configured to:
calculate current distance between the ultrasound emitter and the ultrasound sensor based on the measured current propagation delay of the ultrasound wave from the ultrasound emitter to the ultrasound sensor; and
determine a current folding angle based on the calculated current distance between the ultrasound emitter and the ultrasound sensor and further based on configuration information about the first portion and the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,145

INTEGRATED OPTICAL SYSTEM WITH OPTICAL PHASED ARRAY PHOTONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Eric Swanson, Gloucester...

1. An integrated optical system comprising:a frequency tunable optical source;
a coherent optical receiver; and
a photonic integrated circuit (PIC) having an optical phased array that couples light to/from a sample, the optical phased array comprising a plurality of antenna elements that are configured to generate a wavelength dependent emission angle that is wavelength tuned in one dimension and configured to generate an emission angle that is at least partially phase tuned in another dimension,
wherein said system is configured such that when the frequency tunable optical source is tuned in optical frequency said coherent optical receiver produces electrical signals that are processed to produce optical information about the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,191,142

DIGITAL FREQUENCY MODULATED CONTINUOUS WAVE RADAR USING HANDCRAFTED CONSTANT ENVELOPE MODULATION

Uhnder, Inc., Austin, TX...

1. A method for determining a frequency modulation of a continuous wave radar for a vehicle, the method comprising:generating, with a code generator, a symbol stream comprising a time-sequence of modulating symbols, each symbol belonging to a limited set of symbols having unique numerical values;
feeding the symbol stream through one of (i) a shaping and (ii) filtering process to obtain a sequence of shaped or filtered symbols, respectively, comprising multiple sample values per symbol period, wherein the sample values represent samples of the shaped or filtered symbols at instants separated by intervals of a fraction of a time period between successive symbols;
calculating, with a waveform selection module, for the sample instants, (I, Q) samples of I and Q waveforms resulting from frequency modulating a carrier signal with the sequence of modulating symbols, wherein each I value is equal to a cosine of resulting instantaneous carrier phases at the sample instants, and each Q value is equal to a sine of the instantaneous carrier phases at the sample instants;
for each selected set of symbol values for a plurality of successive symbols on which a waveform is to depend, producing an average waveform over all symbol values outside the selected set of symbol values; and on which the waveform is not to depend, superimposing all waveforms within plus and minus half a symbol period of the center symbol of each selected set of symbols having the same set of values and averaging the superimposed I, Q samples to produce for each selected set of symbols an averaged set of I, Q samples, and an average waveform, wherein each selected set of symbol values for a plurality of successive symbols are corresponding selected patterns of the successive symbols; and
recording, with the waveform selection module, final I, Q values to be stored in a memory for subsequent use in producing the frequency modulation in the frequency modulated continuous wave radar.

US Pat. No. 10,191,140

LUMINAIRE IDENTIFICATION AND POSITIONING BY CONSTELLATION

OSRAM SYLVANIA Inc., Wil...

1. A method for determining the position of a computing device, the method comprising:obtaining, by the computing device, an image of a subset of luminaries from a plurality of luminaires located in an indoor environment, wherein each subset grouping of luminaires in the plurality of luminaires is uniquely identifiable;
comparing the subset of luminaires to a database storing each uniquely identifiable subset grouping of luminaires in the plurality of luminaires, wherein the database includes position information for each luminaire in the plurality of luminaires; and
determining the position of the computing device based on the comparison of the subset of luminaires to the database.

US Pat. No. 10,191,133

MR IMAGING USING MULTI-ECHO SEGMENTED K-SPACE ACQUISITION

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V, ...

1. A method of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of an object placed in an examination volume of a MR device, the method comprising the steps of:subjecting the object to a number of shots of a multi-echo imaging sequence, a train of echo signals being generated by each shot,
acquiring the echo signals, wherein each echo signal represents a k-space profile, wherein k-space is divided into a central k-space part and one or more peripheral k-space parts, wherein the central k-space part is sampled by a single shot of the multi-echo imaging sequence, and wherein the peripheral k-space parts are sampled by one or more further shots of the multi-echo sequence,
wherein sampling of the peripheral k-space parts starts at a position in k-space where the sampling of the central k-space part starts and/or the sampling of the peripheral k-space parts ends at a position in k-space where the sampling of the central k-space part ends,
wherein the k-space profiles acquired from adjacent positions in k-space have adjacent or identical echo index numbers, the echo index number indicating the position of each echo signal within the train of echo signals generated by each shot of the multi-echo imaging sequence, and
reconstructing a MR image from the k-space profiles.

US Pat. No. 10,191,132

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MULTI-SLICE IMAGING OF T2-RELAXATION TIME

BETH ISRAEL DEACONESS MED...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method comprising:performing a first image acquisition module of a pulse sequence to acquire a first MR data from slices disposed at different locations in a region of interest (ROI) of an object, by applying, to each of the slices, a slice-selective magnetization preparation module and an imaging module, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module being executed with a first T2 preparation time having a first time echo;
performing a second image acquisition module of the pulse sequence, to acquire a second MR data from the slices disposed at the different locations of the ROI, by applying, to each of the slices, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module and the imaging module, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module being executed with a second T2 preparation time having a second time echo different from the first time echo;
generating a T2 map based on the first MR data and the second MR data; and
displaying the T2 map as a viewable medical image of the ROI.

US Pat. No. 10,191,130

DEVICE FOR SEQUENTIAL EXAMINATION OF A MEASUREMENT OBJECT BY MEANS OF MPI AND MRI METHODS

BRUKER BIOSPIN MRI GMBH, ...

1. A device for alternating examination of a measurement object by means of MPI (magnetic particle imaging) and by means of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), the device comprising:a resistive drive field coil system for generating a drive field, said resistive drive field coil system having electrical feed lines;
a resistive MRI gradient coil system;
a main magnet coil system disposed around a z axis, said main magnet coil system having two coaxial partial coil systems that are arranged mirror-symmetrically with respect to a central plane running perpendicularly to the z axis through a first volume under investigation, said main magnet coil system generating a homogeneous field of at least 0.5 T and of at least 6th order for MRI operation within said first volume under investigation and a spatially strongly varying magnetic field profile for MPI operation within a second volume under investigation, wherein said first and said second volumes under investigation at least partially overlap, said spatially strongly varying magnetic field profile having field vectors which are different with respect to direction or magnitude at all spatial points and having a field magnitude zero at one spatial point;
a device for reversing a polarity of current through one of said partial coil systems, wherein said main magnet coil system is designed in such a fashion that it generates said homogeneous magnetic field in said first volume under investigation when polarities of said partial coil systems are the same and said spatially strongly varying magnetic field profile in said second volume under investigation when said polarities are opposite; and
a linearly controlled power supply, said linearly controlled power supply supplying a direct current to said partial coil systems, wherein said direct current is held stable to ppm during MRI operation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,129

OPERATING A MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPH

1. A method for operating a magnetic resonance tomograph having at least one receiving antenna, at least one converter device for analog/digital conversion, and a programmable computing device, the method comprising:generating, by the at least one converter device, digital measured values, the generating comprising digitizing an analog reception signal from the at least one receiving antenna, at least one analog signal derived from the analog reception signal, or a combination thereof;
adding, by a time-coding device, an item of time information that describes a recording time of the digital measured values to each of the digital measured values or to groups of digital measured values comprising a plurality of the digital measured values in order to generate a time-coded data stream; and
further processing, by the programmable computing device, the time-coded data stream.

US Pat. No. 10,191,128

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR LOOPS-OVER-LOOPS MRI COILS

Life Services, LLC, Minn...

1. An apparatus for receiving radio-frequency (RF) signals suitable for magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI) from radio-frequency (RF) antenna loops that are overlapped and/or concentric, in order to receive signal and improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the received signal, the apparatus comprising:a substrate having a first major surface and a second major surface;
a plurality of pairs of RF antenna loops affixed to the substrate including:
a first pair of RF antenna loops,
a second pair of RF antenna loops, and
a third pair of RF antenna loops,
wherein each pair of RF antenna loops in the plurality of pairs of RF antenna loops includes a first RF antenna loop and a second RF antenna loop located such that a center point of the first antenna loop and a center point of the second antenna loop are both located on a single line perpendicular to a plane of the first RF antenna loop,
wherein the first pair of RF antenna loops and the second pair of RF antenna loops are partially overlapped with one another,
wherein the first pair of RF antenna loops and the third pair of RF antenna loops are partially overlapped with one another, and
wherein the second pair of RF antenna loops and the third pair of RF antenna loops are partially overlapped with one another;
a first plurality of pairs of RF receiver units affixed to the substrate including:
a first pair of RF receiver units connected to receive signals from the first pair of RF antenna loops,
a second pair of RF receiver units connected to receive signals from the second pair of RF antenna loops, and
a third pair of RF receiver units connected to receive signals from the third pair of RF antenna loops,
wherein each one of the first plurality of pairs of RF receiver units includes:
a first RF receiver unit operatively connected to the first RF antenna loop of the corresponding pair of RF antenna loops, and
a second RF receiver unit operatively connected to the second RF antenna loop of the corresponding pair of RF antenna loops; and
a first plurality of electronics units mounted on the substrate, wherein the first plurality of electronics units includes:
a first electronics unit connected to receive and add signals from the first pair of RF receiver units,
a second electronics unit connected to receive and add signals from the second pair of RF receiver units, and
a third electronics unit connected to receive and add signals from the third pair of RF receiver units, andwherein each one of the first plurality of electronics units adds the signals from the corresponding pair of RF receiver units in order to generate a decoded output signal that has improved SNR to form a first plurality of output signals;and
electronics operatively coupled to receive the first plurality of output signals from the first plurality of electronics units and configured to process the first plurality of output signals to generate MRI image slices of a patient being imaged.

US Pat. No. 10,191,127

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM INCLUDING A PROTECTIVE COVER AND A CAMERA

Aspect Imaging Ltd., Sho...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system comprising:a MRI device having a bore that accommodates at least a portion of a patient, the bore also having an aperture;
a protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover, located at the aperture of the bore, that contains RF shielding preventing an external RF radiation from entering the bore;
wherein the protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover when open allows the patient entry access into the bore of the MRI device and when closed provides a radiofrequency (RF) shield that covers the aperture of the bore while also preventing an RF radiation emitted by the MRI device from exiting the bore; and
a camera positioned adjacent to the RF shielding of the protective semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover, where the camera is without electromagnetic shielding and the camera is positioned external to the bore and external to an area of RF radiation emitted within the bore, whereby the camera is still in proximity to a strong main static magnetic field produced by a large main magnetic field source that is part of the magnetic resonance imaging system itself, with the camera also being utilized in order to generate an image of at least the portion of the patient during operation of the MRI device where the presence of the RF shielding of the protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover does not hinder the clinical usability of the generated image.

US Pat. No. 10,191,125

SENSOR UNIT HAVING MAGNETIC SENSORS RESPECTIVELY INCLUDING PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTPUT TERMINALS, AND MAGNETIC COLLECTOR MODULE INCLUDING THE SAME

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A sensor unit comprising:a plurality of magnetic sensors, each of which includes:
a magnetic sensing element, which senses a magnetic field;
an encapsulating portion, which encapsulates the magnetic sensing element;
a primary terminal group, which includes a plurality of terminals that project from a primary terminal forming part of the encapsulating portion, wherein the primary terminal forming part is one side of the encapsulating portion; and
a secondary terminal group, which includes a plurality of terminals that project from a secondary terminal forming part of the encapsulating portion, wherein the secondary terminal forming part is an opposite side of the encapsulating portion, which is opposite from the primary terminal forming part of the encapsulating portion about a center line centered between the primary terminal forming part and the secondary terminal forming part; and
a circuit board that has a common surface, to which the plurality of magnetic sensors is mounted, wherein:
among the plurality of magnetic sensors, two adjacent magnetic sensors, which are oriented in a common direction and arranged side by side such that the two adjacent magnetic sensors are placed one after another in a perpendicular direction, which is perpendicular to the center line of each of the two adjacent magnetic sensors and is parallel to a plane of the common surface of the circuit board, and the secondary terminal group of one of the two adjacent magnetic sensors is directly opposed to the primary terminal group of another one of the two adjacent magnetic sensors in the perpendicular direction;
the plurality of terminals of the primary terminal group of each of the plurality of magnetic sensors includes a primary output terminal configured to output an output signal generated based on a measurement value of the magnetic sensing element of the respective magnetic sensor;
the plurality of terminals of the secondary terminal group of each of the plurality of magnetic sensors includes a secondary output terminal configured to output the output signal such that both the primary and secondary output terminals output the output signal of that respective magnetic sensor; and
the primary output terminal and the secondary output terminal are placed asymmetrically to each other with respect to the center line centered between the primary terminal forming part and the secondary terminal forming part in each of the plurality of magnetic sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,191,123

MAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENT DEVICE

AICHI STEEL CORPORATION, ...

1. A magnetic field measurement device for measuring a magnetic field, comprising:a magneto-impedance sensor including:
a magneto-sensitive body,
a detection coil that is wound around the magneto-sensitive body and outputs a voltage corresponding to a magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body, and
a magnetic field generation coil that is wound around the magneto-sensitive body and generates a magnetic field upon energization;
a sensitivity calculation means for calculating a sensitivity, the sensitivity being a value that is obtained by varying a value of a current flowing in the magnetic field generation coil to vary the magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body in a state where an outside-sensor magnetic field that acts on the magneto-sensitive body from outside the magneto-impedance sensor is constant, and dividing a variation in an output voltage of the detection coil by a variation in the magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body; and
a magnetic field calculation means,
wherein the magneto-impedance sensor is mounted on a device,
the outside-sensor magnetic field is a composition magnetic field of an outside-device magnetic field that acts on the magneto-sensitive body from outside the device and an inside-device magnetic field that is generated from an electronic component provided inside the device and acts on the magneto-sensitive body, and
the magnetic field calculation means calculates a value of the outside-device magnetic field using the sensitivity calculated by the sensitivity calculation means and the output voltage of the detection coil.

US Pat. No. 10,191,122

PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION CIRCUIT, METHOD AND POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM APPLYING THE SAME

Silergy Semiconductor Tec...

1. A parameter identification circuit for a digital power converter having an inductor and a capacitor, the parameter identification circuit comprising:a) an inductor parameter circuit configured to receive an inductor current of said inductor, a capacitor voltage of said capacitor, a duty cycle in a start-up stage, and a predetermined inductor current, wherein said inductor parameter circuit is configured to obtain an inductor parameter according to an integrated value of said capacitor voltage, an integrated value of said duty cycle in said start-up stage, and said predetermined inductor current, when said inductor current rises to a level of said predetermined inductor current;
b) a capacitor parameter circuit configured to receive said inductor current, said capacitor voltage, and a predetermined capacitor voltage, wherein said capacitor parameter circuit is configured to obtain a capacitor parameter according to an integrated value of said inductor current and said predetermined capacitor voltage when said capacitor voltage rises to a level of said predetermined capacitor voltage; and
c) wherein said inductor parameter circuit is configured to obtain a product value by multiplying said integrated value of said duty cycle in said start-up stage by an input voltage, and to obtain a difference value by subtracting said integrated value of said capacitor voltage from said product value, wherein said inductor parameter is obtained by dividing said difference value by said predetermined inductor current.

US Pat. No. 10,191,121

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VOLTAGE REGULATOR SELF-BURN-IN TEST

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Ta...

1. A computer-implemented method for enabling a self-burn-in test of a power supply device (PSD) that comprises a modulation controller and a plurality of power stages, comprising:sending a first signal to switch a specific power stage of the plurality of power stages to an On state;
sending at least one second signal to switch other power stage(s) of the plurality of power stages to a Tri-state, wherein the other power stage(s) functions as a load during a time period that the specific power stage is in the On state; and
collecting output voltage, output current and temperature data from the specific power stage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,119

INSPECTING APPARATUS AND INSPECTING METHOD FOR NONCONTACT POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An inspecting apparatus for a noncontact power transfer system that includes:a transmitting device including:
a first electrode and a second electrode, and
an alternating-current voltage generating circuit configured to apply an alternating-current voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a receiving device including:
a third electrode and a fourth electrode,
a receiving circuit configured to convert an alternating-current voltage generated between the third electrode and the fourth electrode to a direct-current voltage, and
a load circuit connected to the receiving circuit,
wherein the noncontact power transfer system is configured to transfer electric power from the transmitting device to the receiving device by a first coupling capacitance formed between the first electrode and the third electrode and a second coupling capacitance formed between the second electrode and the fourth electrode,
the inspecting apparatus comprising:
a coupling capacitance varying unit configured to vary at least one of the first coupling capacitance and the second coupling capacitance when the receiving device is positioned on the transmitting device; and
a monitoring circuit configured to monitor at least one of the alternating-current voltage generated between the third electrode and the fourth electrode of the receiving device, the direct-current voltage or a load current supplied to the load circuit, the alternating-current voltage generated between the first electrode and the second electrode of the transmitting device, and an input voltage or an input current of the alternating-current voltage generating circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,117

BATTERY REMAINING POWER PREDICTING DEVICE AND BATTERY PACK

ABLIC INC., Chiba (JP)

1. A battery remaining power predicting device configured to measure a voltage and a temperature of a rechargeable battery and to predict a remaining power of the rechargeable battery, the device comprising:a voltage detection portion that measures the voltage and temperature of the rechargeable battery;
a computing portion that predicts and calculates the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, based on the voltage and the temperature; and
a controller that controls an operation of the battery remaining power predicting device and the computing portion,
wherein the controller executes a battery remaining power predicting flow for predicting and calculating the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, the battery remaining power prediction flow regressively calculating the battery remaining power, based on the measured voltage and temperature and a battery internal impedance in a battery equivalent circuit, and
the controller executes a secular change estimating flow for estimating a secular change in battery characteristics using a case where a battery current is in a constant current state.

US Pat. No. 10,191,116

BATTERY TEST SYSTEM FOR PREDICTING BATTERY TEST RESULTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery testing system, comprising:a battery test computer comprising a tangible, non-transitory computer-readable medium storing a battery test management system implemented as one or more sets of instructions, wherein the battery test management system comprises a prediction module, a validation module, and a training module, and wherein the battery test computer comprises processing circuitry configured to execute the one or more sets of instructions;
a user interface communicatively coupled to the processing circuitry and configured to provide outputs to a user;
wherein the prediction module is configured predict a result of a standardized battery test conducted on a battery undergoing testing using less than all data required for the standardized battery test conducted on the battery undergoing testing to be completed, and to output, via the user interface, the predicted result and a confidence level associated with the predicted result;
wherein the validation module is configured to determine a validity of the predicted result using final test results from the standardized battery test conducted on the battery, and to output, via the user interface, a representation of the validity;
wherein the training module is configured to update training data using the validity generated by the validation module to update the prediction module;
wherein the prediction module comprises a battery test support vector machine (SVM) constructed using training data obtained from a plurality of battery samples, and the battery test SVM is a binary classification model configured to classify the battery undergoing testing into a pass category or a fail category based on a first feature and a second feature generated from battery test data obtained during the standardized battery test, and wherein the prediction module is configured to output, via the user interface, a plurality of predicted results of the standardized battery test for the battery at time intervals occurring before a full duration of the standardized battery test; and
wherein the standardized battery test simulates the normal operating conditions that would be experienced by the battery undergoing testing over an average lifetime of the particular type of the battery undergoing testing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,114

SYSTEM FOR ANALYSIS OF PARTIAL DISCHARGE DEFECTS OF GAS INSULATED SWITCHGEAR

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A system for analysis of partial discharge defects of a gas insulated switchgear, comprising:a detecting sensor configured to sense a signal generated from the gas insulated switchgear;
one or more neighboring sensors arranged close to the detecting sensor, and configured to sense a signal generated from the periphery of the detecting sensor;
a controller configured to determine whether the signal sensed by the detecting sensor is a partial discharge signal or not, configured to calculate a partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges based on a detection signal sensed by the neighboring sensor when the partial discharge signal is sensed; and
a display unit configured to display partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal or detection signal information based on the detection signal, under control of the controller,
wherein if it is determined that the signal sensed by the detecting sensor is the partial discharge signal,
the controller controls the display unit to display the partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal and the detection signal information based on the detection signal when the partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges are more than reference values, and
the controller controls the display unit to display only the partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal when the partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges are less than the reference values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,111

SYNCHRONIZED PULSED LADA FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ACQUISITION OF TIMING DIAGRAMS AND LASER-INDUCED UPSETS

DCG Systems, Inc., Fremo...

1. A method, comprising:sequentially directing a laser beam comprising a train of laser pulses on a plurality of pixel locations within an area of interest of a device under test (DUT);
at each pixel location of the plurality of pixel locations, repetitively applying, at a clock rate established by a clock signal, a test signal that places the DUT in a marginal state and temporally scanning arrival times of the laser pulses at at least one of the pixel locations with respect to the clock signal; and
for each at least one pixel location and at least two of the arrival times, recording a pass/fail result of the DUT so as to determine a probability of failure rate versus arrival time during the test signal for the plurality of pixel locations and arrival times.

US Pat. No. 10,191,109

EMBEDDED TRANSIENT SCANNING SYSTEMS, TRANSIENT SCANNING DATA VISUALIZATION SYSTEMS, AND/OR RELATED METHODS

Pragma Design, Inc., Ber...

1. A transient scanning and data visualization system comprising:one or more transient event detectors associated with one or more nodes and configured to detect whether a transient event was incident on an associated node;
one or more intensity detection circuits configured to determine an intensity level of a transient event if the transient event is detected by a transient event detector for an associated node; and
a monitoring circuit configured to determine the effect of transient events based on stored transient event characteristics for the one or more nodes, including an indication of whether a transient event was incident at a node and the corresponding intensity level of the transient event;
wherein the system is configured to be operable to import transient scanning datasets, render and display the imported transient scanning datasets, highlight detection nodes and connections according to selection points, and export important segments into a failure analysis report, presentation, or video.

US Pat. No. 10,191,106

TECHNIQUES TO IDENTIFY A PROCESS CORNER

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for identifying a process corner of an integrated circuit having a first asymmetrical ring oscillator (ARO1) including pull-up transistors that have a low threshold voltage (LVT) and pull-down transistors that have a regular threshold voltage (RVT), and a second asymmetrical ring oscillator (ARO2) including pull-up transistors that have an RVT and pull-down transistors having an LVT, comprising:applying an ultra-low power supply voltage to the ARO1 and the ARO2, wherein the applied ultra-low power supply voltage causes the integrated circuit to operate near a verge of malfunction;
measuring an output frequency of the ARO1;
measuring an output frequency of the ARO2;
calculating a calculated ratio of the output frequency of the ARO1 and the output frequency of the ARO2; and
comparing the calculated ratio to a fiduciary ratio, wherein the fiduciary ratio is of the output frequency of the ARO1 and the output frequency of the ARO2 at a typical-typical (TT) process corner, a slow-slow (SS) process corner, or a fast-fast (FF) process corner, and wherein if the calculated ratio is more than a first number of times the fiduciary ratio or less than a second number of times the fiduciary ratio, then a value of a manufactured process variation of the integrated circuit is substantially at an asymmetric process corner.

US Pat. No. 10,191,105

METHOD FOR MAKING A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING THRESHOLD VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT CIRCUITRY

ATOMERA INCORPORATED, Lo...

1. A method for making a semiconductor device comprising:forming active circuitry on a substrate and comprising a plurality of differential transistor pairs; and
forming threshold voltage test circuitry on the substrate and comprising
a pair of differential test transistors replicating the differential transistor pairs within the active circuitry, each test transistor having a respective input and output, and
at least one gain stage configured to amplify a difference between the outputs of the differential test transistors for measuring a threshold voltage thereof;
wherein the plurality of differential transistor pairs and the pair of differential test transistors each comprises spaced apart source and drain regions, a channel region extending between the source and drain regions, and a gate overlying the channel region;
wherein each of the channel regions comprises a superlattice, the superlattice comprising a plurality of stacked groups of layers with each group of layers comprising a plurality of stacked base semiconductor monolayers defining a base semiconductor portion and at least one non-semiconductor monolayer thereon constrained within a crystal lattice of adjacent base semiconductor portions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,104

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INSPECTION DEVICE AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INSPECTION METHOD

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A system for inspecting a semiconductor device serving as a device under test, the system comprising:a light source configured to generate light to be irradiated to the semiconductor device;
a tester configured to apply a test signal to the semiconductor device;
a light detector configured to detect the light reflected by the semiconductor device and output a detection signal;
a first analyzer configured to measure first phase information;
a second analyzer configured to measure second phase information;
a time base signal generator electrically coupled to the first analyzer and the second analyzer and configured to generate a time base signal and input the time base signal to the first analyzer and the second analyzer; and
a computer electrically coupled to the first analyzer and the second analyzer and configured to determine phase information at a predetermined frequency based on the first phase information and the second phase information,
wherein the detection signal is input to at least one of the first analyzer and the second analyzer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,102

AUTOMATIC CURRENT TRANSFORMER POLARITY CORRECTION

UTILITY RELAY COMPANY, C...

1. A method of processing current transformer data, comprising the steps of:obtaining, by an electronic protection controller for a circuit breaker, first current data based on a first current signal from a first current transformer on a first phase of a three-phase electrical circuit protected by the circuit breaker;
obtaining, by the electronic protection controller, second current data based on a second current signal from a second current transformer on a second phase of the three-phase electrical circuit;
obtaining, by the electronic protection controller, third current data based on a third current signal from a third current transformer on a third phase of the three-phase electrical circuit;
determining, using at least the first current data, the second current data, and the third current data, whether one of the first current transformer, the second current transformer, and the third current transformer is an improper polarity phase current transformer that is connected to the electronic protection controller with an improper polarity by determining whether a magnitude of a vector sum of a first phase current on the first phase of the three-phase electrical circuit, a second phase current on the second phase of the three-phase electrical circuit, and a third phase current on the third phase of the three-phase electrical circuit is greater than each individual magnitude of the first phase current, the second phase current, and the third phase current;
upon determining that said one of the first current transformer, the second current transformer, and the third current transformer is an improper polarity phase current transformer that is connected to the electronic protection controller with an improper polarity, automatically inverting, by the electronic protection controller, obtained current data corresponding to the improper polarity phase current transformer;
performing a ground fault calculation using automatically inverted current data corresponding to the improper polarity phase current transformer;
generating a trip command, by a trip signal output, upon detection of the ground fault, and
providing the trip command to a circuit breaker actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,191,100

HIGH-POWERED HIGH-VOLTAGE TEST DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED ACTIVE AIR COOLING

B2 ELECTRONIC GMBH, Klau...

1. A high-power high-voltage test device comprising:means for generating a test voltage, wherein the test voltage is an a.c. voltage with an amplitude of at least 100 kV and a power of higher than 1 kW and wherein the means for generating the test voltage comprise at least two voltage-amplifier branches, a first voltage-amplifier branch for generating the positive voltage half-waves of the test voltage and a second voltage-amplifier branch for generating the negative voltage half-waves of the test voltage, and
a measuring circuit for measuring the test voltage to be applied to a measurement object and the test current induced thereby in the measurement object,
wherein each of the first and second voltage-amplifier branches is mounted in a separate subassembly, each branch provided with a separate integrated active air cooling.

US Pat. No. 10,191,098

ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT DEVICE

1. An electronic measurement device, comprising:a signal generation unit, which is configured to generate a signal that is applied to an input node of a device under test;
a controlling unit which is configured to control the signal generation unit in that the generated signal is at least adjustable in its signal frequency;
a sweeping unit, which obtains a predefined start frequency value, a predefined stop frequency value, and a predefined step-width value to adjust a signal frequency of the generated signal that is applied to the input node of the device under test; and
at least a receiving unit, wherein the receiving unit retrieves a signal from an output node of the device under test in time domain and has a broadband input bandwidth,
wherein a high impedance probe is applied to an input node of the receiving unit,
wherein the electronic measurement device is configured to perform a normalization procedure prior to a comparing step in order to avoid the influence of one or more internal errors of the electronic measuring device, and
wherein the normalization procedure comprises the following steps:
shorting of an appropriate signal probe that is connected to the receiving unit for retrieving the signal from the output node of the device under test;
stepwise adjusting a signal value of the generated signal;
measuring the retrieved signal with the shorted probe; and
storing a measured value for each adjusted signal value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,094

SYNCHROPHASOR MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR POWER SYSTEMS

University of Tennessee R...

11. An electronic device for a power system, comprising:a sensor;
a global positioning system (GPS) receiver;
one or more processors; and
memory storing instructions adapted to be executed by the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
receiving samples of a signal sensed by the sensor from the power system, the samples being synchronized to an output of the GPS receiver;
determining a level of distortion of the signal;
selecting, based on the level of distortion, a computation method, the computation method being one of an improved zero-crossing (IZC) method and an enhanced phase-lock-loop (EPLL) method;
performing the selected computation method to determine at least one parameter of the signal at a reporting frequency, which is at least twice a line frequency of the power system; and
outputting, at the reporting frequency, the at least one parameter to an operator of the power system to allow the operator to perform at least one of a monitoring and a controlling of at least one element of the power system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,092

TIME DOMAIN MEASURING METHOD WITH CALIBRATION IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE

1. A method for determining an electric voltage u(t) and/or an electric current i(t) of a RF signal on an electric cable in a calibration plane that compensates for distortions based on input signal reflections, said method comprising:electrically connecting a time domain measuring device to a device under test, said time domain measuring device having measuring inputs which distort parameters to be measured as a result of input signal reflections;
connecting the device under test electrically with the calibration plane;
electrically connecting a directional coupler to the time domain measuring device;
decoupling a first component v3(t) of a first RF signal which, starting out from a signal input, runs in the direction of the calibration plane through the directional coupler feeding said first component into the time domain measuring device at a first measuring input and measured there;
decoupling a second component v4(t) of a second RF signal which, starting out from the calibration plane, runs in the direction of the signal input through the directional coupler;
feeding said second component into the time domain measuring device at a second measuring input and measured there;
transforming the signal components v3(t), v4(t), by a first mathematical operation, into the frequency domain as wave quantities V3(f) and V4;
determining absolute wave quantities a2 and b2 in the frequency domain in the calibration plane from the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) using calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r);
converting absolute wave quantities a2 and b2, by a second mathematical operation, into the electric voltage u(t) and/or the electric current i(t) of the RF signal in the time domain in the calibration plane;
wherein the calibration parameters link the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) mathematically with the absolute wave quantities a2 and b2 in the calibration plane,
wherein the first measuring input of the time domain measuring device has a reflection coefficient ?3?0 and/or the second measuring input of the time domain measuring device has a reflection coefficient ?4?0,
determining the calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r are determined, with the aid of a calibration device, in relation to the frequency f and in relation to a reflection coefficient of at least one of the measuring inputs of the time domain measuring device; and
determining the wave quantities a2 and b2 in the measuring step from the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) using the calibration parameters (e00,r(?3, ?4), e01,r(?3, ?4), e10,r(?3, ?4), e11,r(?3, ?4));
connecting the signal input of the directional coupler during the calibration step with a first measuring port S1;
connecting the first measuring output of the directional coupler with a second measuring port S3;
connecting the second measuring output of the directional coupler with a third measuring port S4 of the calibration device; and
connecting one or more measuring standards with known reflection coefficients to a signal output of the directional coupler connected with the calibration plane S2;
wherein the calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r) link the wave quantity b3 running in at the second measuring port S3 and the wave quantity b4 running in at the third measuring port S4 with the wave quantities b2, a2 running in and out in the calibration plane (14, S2) as follows:
wherein the scattering parameters Sxy (x=1-4, y=1-4) of the scattering matrix S of the four-port with the ports S1, S2, S3, S4, in particular of the directional coupler together with input cables, are determined with the aid of the calibration apparatus, wherein the calibration parameters e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r in relation to the reflection coefficients of the time domain measuring device ?3 ?4 are determined from the scattering parameters Sxy, wherein the calibration parameters are determined from the scattering parameters as follows:wherein the scattering parameters Sxy are determined through measurement of the values b1/a1, b3/a3, b4/a4, b3/a1 or b1/a3, b4/a1 or b1/a4, b4/a3 or b3/a4 at the measuring ports S1, S3, S4 of the calibration device, wherein in each case preferably the measuring standards Match (M), Open (O), Short (S) with the known reflection coefficients ?M, ?O, ?S are connected as devices under test in the calibration plane S2, where a1, a3, a4 are wave quantities running in at the respective measuring ports S1, S3, S4 and b1, b3, b4 are wave quantities running out at the respective measuring ports S1, S3, S4, and wherein the scattering parameters Sxy are determined by means of the following equations:where:?DUT is the known reflection coefficient of the calibration standard used during the measurement:
are the bx/ay measurable at the measuring ports S1, S3, S4; and
where ?O, ?S, ?M are known reflection coefficients of the calibration standards Open (O), Short (S) and Match (M), and are the bx/ay measurable at the measuring ports with connected calibration standard K.

US Pat. No. 10,191,091

CIRCUIT BOARD WITH IMPLANTED OPTICAL CURRENT SENSOR

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A circuit board with a conductor path having a recess which is arranged along the conductor path such that the conductor path is interrupted, an implant with a left, right, lower and upper edge being arranged in the recess, the circuit board comprising:a conductor arranged in the implant which, with the implant inserted, closes the conductor path separated by the recess, the implant having a first optical layer and a second optical layer and the conductor being arranged between the first and the second optical layers, and the first and the second optical layer each having at least one light-conducting structure with a first end and a second end;
a light-conductor arranged in a right edge region of the implant in which respective second ends of the light-conducting structures are located such that light fed in at the first end of the light-conducting structure of the first optical layer is deflected to the second end of the light-conducting structure of the second optical layer and such that a beam path of the light encompasses the conductor;
an optical transmitter; and
an optical receiver with evaluator;
wherein the optical transmitter and optical receiver form a fiber optic current sensor for current measurement of a current flowing through the conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,090

POWER TRANSFORMERS USING OPTICAL CURRENT SENSORS

ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD, B...

1. A method for monitoring a connection condition of a standby power transformer, comprising:measuring a current flowing through a high voltage side of the standby power transformer using at least one optical current sensor disposed proximate to a current flow path of the high voltage side;
using a comb filter to filter the current;
determining, by using a detection logic, whether the filtered current is less than a predetermined threshold value; and
generating, by using the detection logic, an alarm indication that the high voltage side of the standby power transformer is unconnected to a power supply when the filtered current is determined to be less than the predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,089

CURRENT SENSING ASSEMBLY EMPLOYING MAGNETIC SENSORS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A current sensing assembly comprising:a conductor having a first curled portion and a second curled portion, the first curled portion being arranged such that current flowing in a first direction through the conductor flows through the first curled portion in a clockwise direction and the second curled portion being arranged such that current flowing in the first direction through the conductor flows through the second curled portion in a counter-clockwise direction; and
a sensor assembly including a first magnetic sensor disposed in the first curled portion and a second magnetic sensor disposed in the second curled portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,088

INTERCONNECT SENSOR PLATFORM WITH ENERGY HARVESTING

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a housing;
a plurality of power and signal line conductors passing through the housing;
an energy harvesting device, a power controller device and a DC power source provided in the housing, the energy harvesting device inductively coupled to at least one of the plurality of power and signal line conductors, the at least one of the plurality of power and signal line conductors through the energy harvesting device providing energy to the power controller device and the DC power source;
the power controller device having instructions programmed thereon or implemented in the integrated circuit for controlling a flow of power between the energy harvesting device, the DC power source, and a microcontroller;
at least one sensor device in electrical communication with the microcontroller, the at least one sensor device provided in the housing and arranged to detect at least one parameter within the housing and communicate at least one parameter to the microcontroller; and
an output communication channel provided in the housing for communicating data from the microcontroller associated with at least one sensor device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,087

AUTOMATED STORAGE OF SUCCESSIVE STABLE MEASUREMENTS IN A DIGITAL MULTIMETER

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A handheld device for detecting electrical or physical parameters, comprising:a measurement component that measures physical or electrical parameters;
a user interface configured to receive an activation input that activates automated saving of subsequent successive stable measurements measured by the measurement component; and
a processor coupled to the measurement component and the user interface, wherein, responsive to receipt of the activation input by the user interface, the processor:
displays a plurality of subsequent successive stable measurements measured by the measurement component, wherein each measurement determined to be stable is displayed until a further subsequent measurement is determined to be stable; and
automatically stores each measurement of the plurality of displayed subsequent successive stable measurements in a memory communicatively coupled to the processor,
wherein the user interface is further configured to receive a review input, and responsive to receipt of the review input by the user interface, the processor retrieves a plurality of previously-stored stable measurements and provides a user-selective display of the stable measurements for review by a user.

US Pat. No. 10,191,082

CARBON NANOTUBE PROBES AND STRUCTURES AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT

1. A scanning probe system comprising:a rigid probe subassembly configured for translation;
a tip end nanotube subassembly wherein the tip end nanotube subassembly
is mounted directly to the rigid probe subassembly without an intervening cantilever,
is configured for vibration, and
comprises a multi-wall nanotube having multiple coaxial nanotube walls of different diameters wherein at least one of the walls can slide relative to the other to provide a configuration having a stepped diameter, and wherein each of the walls has a resonant frequency different from a resonant frequency of each other of the walls; and
a motion producing means acting on all or some portions of the nanotube subassembly to induce vibration in the nanotube subassembly in a direction transverse to an axis of the multi-wall nanotube, wherein the motion producing means is operable to induce the vibration at different frequencies including the resonant frequencies of different ones of the walls.

US Pat. No. 10,191,077

DIRECTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE DETECTOR

1. A device for detecting a directional differential pressure between two spaces, comprising:an elongated conduit arranged to be coupled with a wall separating the two spaces, the conduit having openings at opposite ends that permit fluid flow between the two spaces through the conduit, wherein the conduit comprises a first portion and a second portion operatively engaged with one another to provide length adjustability of the conduit; and
at least one movable element disposed within the conduit adapted to be moved from one region of the conduit toward an opposing region in response to the differential pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,076

AIRFLOW SENSING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Board of Trustees of the ...

1. An airflow sensing system, comprising:a first cantilever having a first beam, wherein a bluff body is formed at an end of the first beam for generating aerodynamic forces in response to an airflow;
a second cantilever having a second beam, wherein a second bluff body is formed at an end of the second beam for generating aerodynamic forces in response to the airflow;
a first piezoelectric element positioned on the first cantilever and configured to provide a first electrical signal indicative of a vibration of the first cantilever;
a second piezoelectric element positioned on the second cantilever and configured to provide a second electrical signal indicative of a vibration of the second cantilever;
a control element coupled to the first and second piezoelectric elements and configured to receive the first and second electrical signals, the control element further configured to determine, based on the first and second electrical signals, a velocity of an airflow causing each of the first and second cantilevers to vibrate;
an output device configured to provide an output based on the velocity; and
a shield positioned adjacent to the first cantilever for shielding the first beam from the airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,191,075

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETECT DIRECTION AND VELOCITY OF MOVEMENT OF EQUIPMENT BY USING SINGLE SENSOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus to detect a direction or a velocity of movement of equipment, the apparatus comprising:a sensor; and
a processor unit configured to:
measure an area of a region of the equipment overlapping a specific region of the sensor as the equipment moves adjacent to the sensor, using the sensor,
determine a voltage value corresponding to the measured area of the region of the equipment,
determine whether one of a first interrupt and a second interrupt occurs, the first interrupt occurring when the determined voltage value reaches a threshold value and the second interrupt occurring when a preset amount of time passes from a time when the sensor starts operating, and
determine a direction or a velocity of the movement of the equipment by using voltage information at times when the first interrupt or the second interrupt occurs and voltage information at a predetermined time before the times when the first interrupt or the second interrupt occurs,
wherein the processor comprises a second calculator to calculate the velocity of the movement of the equipment when the second interrupt occurs, and
wherein the second calculator calculates the velocity of the movement of the equipment by using a combination of a voltage value at a predetermined time before a time when the second interrupt occurs, a voltage value at a time when the second interrupt occurs, the predetermined time, a difference between a maximum value and a minimum value of the converted voltage value, and a length of the equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,073

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING AT LEAST ONE SAMPLE

Roche Diagnostics Operati...

1. An apparatus for processing at least one sample, the apparatus comprising:a processing chamber;
a first input for inputting at least a first vessel into the processing chamber;
a second input for inputting at least a second vessel into the processing chamber, wherein the second input is different from the first input;
a rotor, wherein the rotor is formed as a segment of a cylinder, the rotor comprising at least a first compartment located at a first angular position along the rotor cylinder for receiving the first vessel from the first input and a second compartment located at a second angular position along the rotor cylinder for receiving the second vessel from the second input;
a gripping device adapted to at least grip the first vessel and to transport the first vessel from the first input to the first compartment of the rotor; and
a pipetting device adapted to at least pipette a sample from the first vessel and/or the second vessel, wherein the rotor is rotatable at least between a first processing position, at which the first vessel is transportable to the first compartment of the rotor by the gripping device, a second processing position, at which the second vessel is loadable into the second compartment of the rotor from the second input, and a third processing position, at which the sample of the first vessel and/or the second vessel is aspiratable by the pipetting device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,072

REAGENT AND SAMPLE HANDLING DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC TESTING SYSTEM

Abbott Laboratories, Abb...

1. An apparatus comprising:a loading platform of a diagnostic analyzer, the loading platform having a slot to receive a carrier;
a sensor to detect a presence of the carrier in the slot, the sensor including:
an arm pivotably coupled to the loading platform, the arm extending at least partially into the slot, the arm pivoted when the carrier is disposed in the slot and engages the arm; and
an optical detector to detect a position of the arm and determine a presence or absence of the carrier based on the position of the arm; and
a status indicator that provides a first display when the carrier is not present in the slot and provides a second display when the sensor detects the carrier in the slot.

US Pat. No. 10,191,071

CARTRIDGES AND INSTRUMENTS FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS

IntegenX, Inc., Pleasant...

1. A fluidic device comprising:a fluidics layer comprising one or more fluidic channels in a thermoplastic material;
a deformable membrane covering the one or more fluidic channels and comprising a heat seal material capable of plastic deformation, the heat seal material being thermally bonded to the fluidics layer;
one or more diaphragm valves, each diaphragm valve configured to regulate fluid flow in an associated fluidic channel, wherein each diaphragm valve comprises:
a) a diaphragm comprised in the deformable membrane;
b) a valve seat in the associated fluidic channel and recessed from a surface of the fluidics layer that contacts the deformable membrane; and
c) a valve inlet and a valve outlet comprised in the fluidics layer; wherein the one or more diaphragm valves are each configured for activation by a ram such that mechanical pressure by the ram on the deformable membrane presses the membrane against the valve seat, thereby closing the valve.

US Pat. No. 10,191,066

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR EVENTS USING IGFBP FRAGMENTS

HYTEST LTD., Turku (FI)

6. A cardiac test kit, said kit comprising:1) an anti insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 4 (IGFBP-4) fragment antibody that binds the N-terminal fragment from IGFBP-4 having SEQ ID NO 1,
2) an anti IGFBP-4 fragment antibody that binds the C-terminal fragment from IGFBP-4 having SEQ ID NO 2; and
3) at least one reagent that measures another marker of major adverse cardiovascular event prediction selected from the group consisting of cholesterol fraction, C-Reactive Protein (CRP), cardiac troponin I, cardiac troponin T, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), BNP precursor peptide (proBNP), N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP), Lipo-protein associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), placental growth factor (PlGF), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), homocysteine (HCY), choline, ischemia modified albumin (IMA), soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and myeloperoxidase (MPO),
wherein antibody 1) is suitable for determination of the amount of intact IGFBP-4+IGFBP-4 N-terminal fragment in the sample,
wherein said antibody 1) and antibody 2) combined are suitable for determination of the amount of intact IGFBP-4.

US Pat. No. 10,191,065

C PEPTIDE DETECTION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY

Quest Diagnostics Investm...

1. A method for determining the amount of C peptide in a sample by high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry, the method comprising:(a) subjecting a sample suspected of containing C peptide to solid phase extraction (SPE) to obtain a fraction enriched in C peptide;
(b) subjecting the enriched C peptide to an ionization source under conditions suitable to generate one or more C peptide ions detectable by mass spectrometry;
(c) determining the amount of one or more C peptide ions by high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry;
wherein the amount of ions determined in step (c) is related to the amount of a C peptide in said sample.

US Pat. No. 10,191,061

MICROWAVE-ASSISTED HEADSPACE LIQUID-PHASE MICROEXTRACTION OF AN ANALYTE

King Fahd University of P...

1. A method for extracting an analyte in a sample comprising:microwave-heating and agitating the sample and a solution in a microwave extraction assembly comprising:
a microwave extraction vial with a bottom portion and a headspace portion and
a porous membrane bag located in the headspace portion of the microwave extraction vial, said porous membrane bag encapsulating a liquid-phase extraction medium, wherein the sample and solution are disposed in the bottom portion, the porous membrane bag does not contact the sample and the solution, the porous membrane bag and the headspace portion are also subjected to the microwave-heating, and the microwave-heating and agitating produces a vapor in the headspace portion; and
extracting the analyte from the vapor to produce a vapor extract within the liquid-phase extraction medium.

US Pat. No. 10,191,060

FUNCTIONALIZED CHROMOPHORIC POLYMER DOTS AND BIOCONJUGATES THEREOF

University of Washington,...

1. A functionalized chromophoric polymer dot (Pdot) comprising:a core and a cap, wherein said core comprises a chromophoric polymer, and said cap comprises a functionalization agent bearing one or more reactive functional groups, with the proviso that less than 100% of the cap is an organo silicate and the proviso that said cap does not encapsulate said core.

US Pat. No. 10,191,054

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR FULL BLOOD COUNT

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A microfluidic device for performing a full blood count from a whole blood sample from a finger-prick, the full blood count including measurements of white blood cell differential count, platelet count, red blood cell counts and hemoglobin, the microfluidic device comprising:a first inlet for providing the whole blood sample;
a second inlet for providing a first lysis agent to count white blood cells, the second inlet being located downstream from the first inlet and being connected to a first junction;
a third inlet for providing a quench solution, the third inlet being located downstream from the second inlet and being connected to a second junction;
a first pair of channels connected to and split from the first inlet and meeting at the first junction,
a second pair of channels connected to and split from the third inlet and meeting at the second junction;
a first snake mixing stage configured to mix the first lysis agent and the whole blood sample, the first snake mixing stage being located between the second and third inlets;
a second snake mixing stage configured to mix the quench solution and the mixture of the first lysis agent and the whole blood sample mixed at the first snake mixing stage, the second snake mixing stage being serially connected to the first snake mixing stage and located downstream from the first snake mixing stage and the third inlet, wherein an input of the first snake mixing stage is connected to the first junction, to the second inlet and to the first pair of channels, and wherein an output of the first snake mixing stage is connected to the second junction, to an input of the second snake mixing stage, and to the second pair of channels for providing the quench solution to the input of the second snake mixing stage from the second pair of channels split from the third inlet and meeting at the second junction; and
a channel for providing a second lysis agent to measure the hemoglobin, the channel including a fourth inlet located downstream from the first inlet for providing the second lysis agent into the channel to measure the hemoglobin.

US Pat. No. 10,191,052

METHODS OF DIAGNOSING AND TREATING ACTIVE TUBERCULOSIS IN AN INDIVIDUAL

ProteinLogic Limited, Ca...

1. A method of treating active (smear positive) tuberculosis in an individual, wherein the method comprises:(a) differentially diagnosing active (smear positive) tuberculosis over latent tuberculosis in the individual, comprising:
(1) obtaining a test biological sample from an individual;
(2) quantifying the amount of three or more biomarkers selected from CD14, CD22, CD25, CD64, IL-10, CXCL10, and IFN gamma, wherein at least one of the biomarkers is IFN gamma and at least one of the biomarkers is IL-10; and
(3) comparing the amounts of the biomarkers in the test biological sample with the amounts present in one or more control samples, such that a difference in the level of the biomarkers in the test biological sample is indicative of a differential diagnosis of active (smear positive) tuberculosis over latent tuberculosis; followed by
(b) administering an anti-tuberculosis medicament to the individual if there is a positive diagnosis for active (smear positive) tuberculosis.

US Pat. No. 10,191,046

IMMUNOBIOSENSOR AND SENSOR SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

Se-Hwan Paek, Seoul (KR)...

1. An immunobiosensor based on a membrane lateral flow immuno-chromatographic assay (LF-ICA), comprising: a metal binding protein whose conformation changes upon reaction with a metal ion in a sample; a sensing antibody reacting with the conformationally changed metal binding protein as an antigen; a signal substance conjugated with the metal binding protein to form a signal conjugate; a signal generator reacting with the signal conjugate to generate a reaction signal; a reaction strip in the form of a porous membrane adapted to move the sample and where the antigen-antibody reaction occurs and the reaction signal is generated; a signal generator supply pad supplying the signal generator to the reaction strip; and a signal generator absorption pad absorbing the signal generator,wherein the reaction strip comprises a sample addition pad absorbing the sample and a signal generation pad connected to the sample addition pad in the lengthwise direction and immobilized with the sensing antibody to generate the reaction signal,
wherein one of the signal generator supply pad and the signal generator absorption pad is arranged at one lateral side of the signal generation pad and the other one is arranged at the other lateral side of the signal generation pad, and
wherein the signal generator is introduced into the signal generator supply pad, transferred in the widthwise direction of the signal generation pad, and absorbed into the signal generator absorption pad.

US Pat. No. 10,191,044

FLUSHABLE TEST STRIP

1. A diagnostic test strip comprising:a length and a width, wherein the length is greater than the width;
a substrate layer, wherein the substrate layer comprises a material that is water-soluble or water-dispersible;
a first hydrophobic coating; and
a plurality of reaction pads wherein each of the plurality of reaction pads comprises a reagent that participates in a chemical reaction in the presence of an analyte, wherein each of the plurality of reaction pads comprise a liquid absorbent material, and wherein the first hydrophobic coating is between the first side of the substrate layer and the plurality of reaction pads,
wherein a vertical cross-section of the reaction pads comprises at least two sides that are slanted relative to a vertical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,191,042

CORE-SHELL NANOPARTICLES WITH MULTIPLE CORES AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THEM

The Research Foundation f...

1. Core-shell nanoparticles, each core-shell nanoparticle comprising:a shell containing a gold-silver mixture;
a plurality of discrete, nonconcentric, cores containing an iron-cobalt mixture, each core being within and surrounded by said shell; and
a ligand cap over said shell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,041

DETECTION OF ANALYTES USING METAL NANOPARTICLE PROBES AND DYNAMIC LIGHT SCATTERING

University of Central Flo...

1. An assay method for the detection of an analyte, said method comprising:providing a plurality of probes, said probes comprising metal nanoparticles;
contacting a sample solution suspected of including at least one analyte with said plurality of probes to form an assay solution, wherein in a presence of said analyte, a portion of said probes in said assay solution become aggregated nanoparticles;
directing light toward said assay solution; and
obtaining dynamic light scattering (DLS) data from said assay solution using dynamic light scattering, wherein said DLS data indicates a change in average particle size and/or a change in particle size distribution when said analyte is present in said solution; and
quantifying a concentration of the analyte based on the DLS data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,037

METHODS OF AND SYSTEMS FOR IMPROVED DETECTION SENSITIVITY OF ASSAYS

Aushon Biosystems, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising:an assay plate including a well having a geometric shape and a transparent window below the well;
an upper plate including an insert portion that protrudes into and has a complementary geometric shape to the geometric shape of the well of the assay plate, the insert portion situated above the transparent window; and
a coating on a horizontal bottom surface of the insert portion of the upper plate, wherein a gap that is on the order of millimeters forms between the coating surface and a top surface of the transparent window directly below the gap, and
wherein a plurality of analysis features are printed on the coating on the horizontal bottom surface, and the transparent window is adapted for imaging the analysis feature from below the well.

US Pat. No. 10,191,036

SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AND REMOVING BIOLOGICAL ANALYTES IN FLUIDS

NUB4U, Inc., Huntsville,...

1. A fluid cleaning system comprising:a detector module for detecting the presence of one or more biological contaminants in a fluid, said detector module comprising:
a detector module housing having a fluid outlet;
one or more pairs of microcantilever sensors enclosed within said detector module housing, each said pair comprising a reference microcantilever sensor and a detection microcantilever sensor comprising a polymerized receptor, said polymerized receptor having an affinity with a biological contaminant of said one or more biological contaminants, said detection sensor configured to provide a detection signal in the presence of said one or more biological contaminants; and
a contaminant capture manifold enclosed within a contaminant capture housing having an inlet in fluid communication with, and downstream of said detector module outlet and comprising one or more stages, each said stage comprising a contaminant capture element each said contaminant capture element comprising one of a spiral ramp comprising said polymerized receptor, a cylindrical wall coated with said polymerized receptor, and a plurality of microbeads comprised of said polymerized receptor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,035

TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE FLUORESCENT PROBE FOR INTRODUCTION INTO CELL

KIRIN HOLDINGS KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for introducing a temperature-sensitive probe into a living cell, the method comprising the step of mixing the temperature-sensitive probe with said living cell in a solvent, wherein the temperature-sensitive probe comprises a copolymer, the copolymer comprising at least one thermoresponsive unit, a first fluorescent unit and a second fluorescent unit, and a cationic unit, wherein the first fluorescent unit and the second fluorescent unit each have a mutually different maximum fluorescence wavelengthwherein the copolymer comprises repeating units represented by formula (I), formula (II), formula (III), and formula (XIII):
wherein R1 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;R4 and R5 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-20 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, and aryl, or R4 and R5 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, in which the hetero ring may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, nitro, halogen atom, C1-10 alkylcarbonylamino, and arylcarbonylamino; andwherein R2 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;W is aromatic ring or —X1—C(?O)— (in which X1 is directly bonded to Q1);
X1 is O, S, or N—R11;
R11 is hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, or -Q1-Y, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
Q1 is independently selected from C1-20 alkylene, C3-20 alkenylene, or C3-20 alkynylene, in which the alkylene may be independently inserted into O, S, —O—P(?O)(—OH)—O—, or phenylene at one or more position(s);
Y is independently an ionic functional group capable of having one or more positive charges, and is selected from —N+R21R22R23Xe?, —C(?NR41)—NR42R43, and a group represented by the following formula:

Xe? and Xf? are counter anions;
R21, R22, and R23 are independently selected from C1-10 alkyl and C7-14 aralkyl, or R21 and R22 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring;
R24 is C1-10 alkyl or C7-14 aralkyl; and
R41, R42, and R43 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-10 alkyl, or R41 and R42 may be combined with the nitrogen and carbon atoms to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered hetero ring containing two nitrogen atoms, or R42 and R43 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, and
wherein R3 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;
X2 is O, S, or N—R12;
X3 is direct bond, O, S, SO, SO2, N(—R13), CON(—R16), N(—R16)CO, N(—R17)CON(—R18), SO2N(—R19), or N(—R19)SO2;
Q2 is selected from C1-20 alkylene, C3-20 alkenylene, or C3-20 alkynylene, in which O, S, or phenylene may be independently inserted into the alkylene at one or more position(s);
Ar is selected from a 6- to 18-membered aromatic carbocyclic group or a 5- to 18-membered aromatic heterocyclic group, in which the aromatic carbocyclic group and aromatic heterocyclic group may contain a fused ring, one or more ring(s) contained therein being aromatic ring(s), —CH2— existing in the aromatic carbocyclic group and the aromatic heterocyclic group as a ring atom may be optionally replaced with —C(O)—, and also the aromatic carbocyclic group and aromatic heterocyclic group may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, nitro, cyano, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl, carboxy, formyl, —NR6R7, and —SO2NR14R15 (in which alkyl contained in the C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, and C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, C1-6 alkylamino, di(C1-6 alkyl)amino, aryl, and carboxy);
R6 and R7 are independently selected from hydrogen atom, C1-10 alkyl, aryl, C1-10 alkylcarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, C1-10 alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, carbamoyl, N—(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, and N,N-di(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, in which alkyl contained in the C1-10 alkyl, C1-10 alkylcarbonyl, C1-10 alkylsulfonyl, N—(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, and N,N-di(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, C1-6 alkylamino, di(C1-6 alkyl)amino, aryl, and carboxy, and also aryl contained in the aryl, arylcarbonyl, and arylsulfonyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, and carboxy; or
R6 and R7 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, in which the hetero ring may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, nitro, halogen atom, C1-10 alkylcarbonylamino, and arylcarbonylamino;
R12 is hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, or -Q2-X3—Ar, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
R13 is hydrogen atom or C1-6 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
R14 and R15 are independently selected from hydrogen atom, and C1-6 alkyl; or R14 and R15 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring; and
R16, R17, R18, and R19 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl; and
wherein R55 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;
R51, R52, R53, and R54 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl;
X4 is direct bond, phenylene, -Q4-O—C(?O)— (in which Q4 is directly bonded to a boron dipyrromethene skeleton), or -Q4-N(R61)—C(?O)— (in which Q4 is directly bonded to a boron dipyrromethene skeleton);
R61 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl;
Q4 is selected from C1-20 alkylene, phenylene, and naphthylene, and the phenylene and naphthylene may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, and carboxy, and
wherein a, b, c, and d are numerals representing a ratio of each repeating unit in formula of more than 0, the sum of a and b being 100, b being 2 to 10.

US Pat. No. 10,191,031

SYSTEM AND METHODS ESTIMATION OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SIZE OF LIGHT-SCATTERING PARTICLES IN MATERIALS

The General Hospital Corp...

21. A method for determining a viscoelastic modulus of a sample with the use of an optical system, the method comprising:acquiring, with an optical detector, optical data representing time evolution of a speckle associated with light-scattering particles of the sample irradiated with light from a light source;
determining an average size of said light-scattering particles based on an angle-dependent pattern of a diffuse remittance profile (DRP) derived from acquired optical data;
calculating, with a programmable processor, a value of mean square displacement (MSD) of the light-scattering particles and a mechanical property of the sample from the acquired optical data, said MSD being a function of said size; and
estimating, with the programmable processor and from said angle-dependent pattern, an experimentally-determined value of a ratio of a first normalized irradiance to a second normalized irradiance, the first and second normalized irradiances being defined by said angle-dependent pattern at first and second values of an angle, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,191,030

CHARGING DEVICE FOR BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE CHARGED USING SAME

PHC HOLDINGS CORPORATION,...

1. A biological information measurement device comprising:a main body case including a sensor mounting portion to which a sensor for measuring a biological information is mounted;
a measurement section connected to the sensor mounting portion inside the main body case;
a controller connected to the measurement section; a rechargeable battery connected to the controller; a display section connected to the controller;
a non-contact charging portion connected to the controller, the non-contact charging portion configured to charge the battery by a non-contact charging;
the controller displays a measurement-impossible time on the display section when the non-contact charging portion starts to charge the battery and after the non-contact charging portion completes to charge the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,191,029

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO EXTEND THE CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF AN INVERSION OF THE HODGKIN-HUXLEY GATING MODEL

1. A method to quantify a steady state functions of voltage of a gating variable of a Hodgkin Huxley formalism of a cell comprising the steps of:providing an electrophysiology apparatus configured to provide a voltage difference across a cell membrane of a cell and to measure a current through said cell membrane and a computer configured to run one or more processes including an inversion process of a set of underlying ordinary differential equations of a Hodgkin-Huxley model wherein said inversion process is defined by the equation:
where va ,vb:are time interval of application of the conditioning voltage of a C-step voltage clamp stimulation, i: indexes the gating variables of an Hodgkin-Huxley formalism, yc(i)(v): ith gating variable, i ? [0,1], evaluated at the end of the conditioning pulse of voltage uC and time interval of its application either va or vb, sC(i),sH(i) steady state function of voltage of each gating variable evaluated at the conditioning (uC), and holding s(uH) voltages respectively, of a C-Step voltage clamp stimulation protocol;applying said voltage difference across said cell membrane according to each protocol, and in any order:
a H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol, and
a C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol comprising:
applying a fixed holding voltage uH, followed by applying successive conditioning pulses at a plurality of stepped conditioning voltages uC and time intervals of application, va and vb, of the conditioning voltage, following each step of said steps of conditioning pulses, applying a test voltage uT during which test voltage a test current is measured, and wherein said plurality of stepped conditioning voltage uC are higher voltage than said fixed holding voltage uH,
identifying a voltage range RC of said stepped conditioning voltage uC where the channel exhibits measurable and independent currents during the test pulse, with changes of conditioning voltage uc and time intervals va, vb;
For a first time interval of application of said conditioning voltage va, estimating a first yC(i)(va) based on said inversion process, and changing said conditioning voltage and repeating said step of applying until the voltage range RC is found, where measured currents during the test pulse are measurable and independent from one another when the conditioning voltage and its time interval of application are changed;
for a second time interval of application of uC, vb, repeating said step of estimating to estimate a second different yC(i)(vb);
calculating a voltage dependence of the steady state functions sC(i) by solving for the zeros of said objective function, using first yC(i)(va) and second yC(i)(vb);
generating a data set as a solution of said set of underlying ordinary differential equations, said data set comprising a set of said voltage difference, and a measured current from said H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol and said C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol; and
estimating by said inversion process a set of gating parameters comprising a steady state as a function of voltage based on said data set to quantify said steady state function of voltage of a gating variable an Hodgkin Huxley formalism channel availability of said cell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,028

INORGANIC NANOPARTICLE MATRICES FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS

Ionwerks, Houston, TX (U...

1. A method of preparing and analyzing a tissue sample comprising the steps of:combining the tissue sample with a matrix, said matrix comprising ionized inorganic nanoparticles wherein the combining step further comprises the step of injecting the matrix within a near surface layer of a slice of the tissue sample, wherein the near surface layer comprises a first few nanometers of the slice of the tissue sample, and,
analyzing said combined tissue sample and matrix by laser desorption mass spectrometry.

US Pat. No. 10,191,027

METHODS OF DETERMINING PROPERTIES OF OIL

TOPNIR SYSTEMS SAS, Aix ...

1. Crude oil analytical and sampling device suitable for sampling crude oil from their conveying pipeline(s) (1) to a spectroscopy analysis device (8) and comprising a fast loop system connected to the crude oil conveying pipeline(s) and a sample conditioning system cabinet connected to the fast loop system and to the spectroscopy analysis device characterised in that the fast loop comprises a filter (3) and a pump (2) and the sample conditioning system cabinet comprises a grabber (4) connected to the fast loop system, said grabber having a sampling volume Vgr comprised between 1 and 100 cubic centimeters (cm3), a filter (5) and a double actuation syringe (6) which has a sampling volume Vse comprised between 100 and 10 000 cubic centimeters (cm3), said double actuation syringe being connected to the spectroscopy analysis device (8) for analysing a part or all of the sampling volume Vse wherein the ratio between the syringe sampling volume (in cm3) Vse and the grabber volume (in cm3) Vgr is comprised between 50 and 500.

US Pat. No. 10,191,026

FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SUGAR CONTENT DETECTOR

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A fruit and vegetable sugar content detector, comprising:a measurement electrode unit comprising two measurement electrodes capable of being inserted into a to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, one end of one of the two measurement electrodes being connected to one end of the other one of the two measurement electrodes;
a resistance detection circuit connected to the measurement electrode unit and configured to detect a resistance between the two measurement electrodes;
a processor connected to the resistance detection circuit and configured to determine, in accordance with the detected resistance between the two measurement electrodes, a sugar content of the to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, and generate sugar content indication information, a storage connected to the processor and configured to store therein a correspondence between the resistance and the sugar content, wherein the processor is configured to inquire the correspondence stored in the storage in accordance with the detected resistance between the measurement electrodes, and determine the sugar content of the to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, wherein the measurement electrodes are each of a cylindrical shape, and a cross section of each measurement electrode has a diameter within a range from 5 ?m to 15 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,191,025

MEDICAL DEVICE, MEDICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DISEASES

Al Azri, Sultan Sultan Ha...

1. A medical device to provide an alert of the potential detection of a gas or a disease in an infrastructure having a chamber of air and a geographic location, the device comprising:one or more sample ports of known sub-location within the infrastructure, the one or more sample ports being open to a designated part of the infrastructure and a sample of air from the air chamber being operable to pass through the one or more sample ports;
a laser-based molecular characteristic detector to receive the sample of air from a specific one of the one or more sample ports and being operable to generate molecular characteristic data for identifying gases or diseases from the sample of air;
a processor operable to analyse the molecular characteristic data from the sample of air and to issue an alert output in response to the detection of particular molecular characteristic data from the sample of air; and
a treatment module for treating the sample of air, wherein the treatment module comprises an autoclave, operable to subject the sample of air to high pressure saturated steam at approximately 120° C. or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,191,024

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR SENSORS

Trane International Inc.,...

1. A method for reducing power consumption of a sensor, comprising:sensing a monitored gas in a local atmosphere by taking sensor readings at a sensing rate, wherein each sensor reading comprises an amount of individual samples;
determining if a predetermined condition has been met to change at least one of a sensing rate or the amount of individual samples comprising each sensor reading; and
changing the amount of individual samples comprising each sensor reading if it is determined that the predetermined condition has been met.

US Pat. No. 10,191,023

GAS-MEASURING DEVICE

1. A sensor unit for detecting a gas, the sensor unit comprising:a measuring channel;
a gas inlet for introducing environmental gas into the measuring channel;
a gas outlet for removing the environmental gas from the measuring channel;
a shut off valve operatively connected to one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to close the measuring channel at said one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet;
a pump unit operatively connected to another of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to evacuate environmental gas from the measuring channel by generating a vacuum therein and to close the measuring channel at said other of the gas inlet and the gas outlet, whereby with the shut off valve and the pump unit closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet, the measuring channel is pressure-tight with respect to environmental gas;
a gas sensor operatively connected to the measuring channel for detecting the gas in the environmental gas; and
a heating unit for heating the gas sensor, wherein the sensor unit is configured to be operated in a measuring mode and in a regeneration mode, wherein the measuring channel is evacuated and the gas sensor is heated in the regeneration mode; and
a control unit controlling an operation state of each of the shut off valve, the pump unit and the heating unit and switching over from the regeneration mode to the measuring mode including deactivating the pump unit and the heating element and opening the gas inlet and the gas outlet and switching over from the measuring mode to the regeneration mode including closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet and activating the pump unit and the heating element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,022

GAS IMAGER EMPLOYING AN ARRAY IMAGER PIXELS WITH ORDER FILTERS

UVIA GROUP LLC, Humacao,...

1. A gas detector comprising:a plurality of lenslets for a set of wavelengths, each lenslet with a circular blazed grating for diffraction of radiation to a focal plane;
a detector at the focal plane receiving radiation passing through the at least one lenslet for detection at a predetermined diffraction order; and,
a plurality of order filters associated with the plurality of lenslets to pass radiation at wavelengths corresponding to the predetermined diffraction order to the detector, each filter blocking a selected set of higher orders wherein the plurality of order filters is equal in number to the plurality of lenslets, each order filter associated with one lenslet of the plurality of lenslets to pass radiation at wavelengths corresponding to the predetermined order to associated pixels of the detector;
a controller receiving input from associated pixels associated for each of the plurality of order filters in the detector and having
a module adapted to deconvolve intensity, In, at the associated pixels in the detector for each of the plurality of order filters where n equals the number of order filters and
a second module to determine a presence of gas by a slope between true intensities at wavelengths of any two of the order filters exceeding a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,191,021

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING A TEMPERATURE OF A TRANSISTOR

1. A method for estimating junction temperature or die temperature of a transistor of an inverter system, the method comprising:measuring, by a detector, turn-off change in voltage with respect to change in time between a collector and emitter of a transistor in a phase of an inverter;
measuring, by the detector, peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter, where the measuring of peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter is triggered by a drop in a voltage applied to a base or a gate of the transistor in an active state; and where upon the triggering the peak voltage of a transient spike in a collector voltage of the transistor is measured via a series of cascaded multimode diodes and a resistive voltage divider;
determining, by an electronic data processor, intermediate parameters of turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop based on the turn-off voltage change and the peak voltage;
determining, by the data processor, the power loss or energy loss for one switching cycle of the transistor based on the turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop between the collector and emitter of the transistor; and
estimating, by the data processor, an associated average junction or die temperature for the transistor over the switching cycle based on the determined energy loss, observed inverter system temperature and thermal characteristic of the inverter system, where an inverter system temperature sensor measures a coolant temperature in a coolant system for cooling the inverter or a housing temperature of an inverter housing.