US Pat. No. 10,116,344

CONTROLLING DEVICE HAVING MULTIPLE USER INTERFACES

Universal Electronics Inc...

1. A controlling device, comprising:a user interface providing a plurality of function keys, each of the plurality of function keys being operable to cause a transmission of a command for commanding an operating function of each of the plurality of appliances; and
a first light source for illuminating a first set of the plurality of function keys of the user interface in a first color;
a second light source for illuminating a second set of the plurality function keys of the user interface in a second color that is visibly distinct from the first color while the first light source is illuminating the first set of the plurality of function keys of the user interface in the first color;
wherein the second set of the plurality of function keys of the user interface is different than the first set of the plurality of function keys of the user interface and wherein activation of a one of the first set of the plurality of function keys of the user interface illuminated in the first color will cause the controlling device to transmit a first command using a first communication protocol for commanding an operating function of a first one of the plurality of appliances and activation of a one of the second set of the plurality of function keys of the user interface illuminated in the second color will cause the controlling device to transmit a second command using a second communication protocol, different than the first protocol, for commanding an operating function of a second one of the plurality of appliances which is distinct from the first one of the plurality of appliances.

US Pat. No. 10,116,340

WIDEBAND LOW DISTORTION POWER AMPLIFIER

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A circuit comprising:a frequency oscillator for generating a fundamental signal frequency;
a frequency divider coupled to the frequency oscillator and configured to divide the fundamental signal frequency to generate one or more phases of the fundamental signal frequency;
a power amplifier coupled to the frequency divider, respective amplifier stages of the power amplifier configured to receive the fundamental signal frequency and the one or more phases; and
an output coupled to the respective amplifier stages of the power amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,116,331

DATA TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING APPARATUS HAVING IMPROVED LOW-DENSITY PARITY-CHECK (LDPC) ENCODING, DECODING AND TRANSMISSION RATE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A data transmitting apparatus, comprising:a low-density parity-check (LDPC) encoder configured to perform, on data to be transmitted by a faster-than-Nyquist method (FTN), LDPC encoding using a first matrix having a first degree less than a preset reference degree and a second matrix of a single diagonal matrix;
a symbol mapper configured to perform symbol mapping on information bits and a parity bits of data LDPC encoded, independently, by performing interleaving on the information bits and the parity bits using different interleavers and applying differential encoding to a part of codeword of information and a codeword of the parity bits; and
an accelerator configured to accelerate an output signal from the different interleavers by a transmission rate based on the FTN method,
wherein each degree is a value based on the number of 1's elements of a matrix, and
wherein the preset reference degree is according to degree distribution of each LDPC code rate defined in DVB-S2 standard.

US Pat. No. 10,116,317

SIGNAL GENERATOR WITH SELF-CALIBRATION

Iowa State University Res...

1. A signal generator comprising:a main digital-to-analog converter (DAC) providing a main DAC output signal with main DAC distortion;
a calibration DAC providing a calibration DAC output signal, which includes information about the main DAC distortion;
a summing buffer structure configured to sum the main DAC output signal and the calibration DAC output signal and provide a summing output signal, which corrects at least a portion of the main DAC distortion;
a two-path filter structure including a first filter path and a second filter path, wherein:
when the first filter path is conducted, the two-path structure is configured to provide a first filter output signal based on the summing output signal; and
when the second filter path is conducted, the two-path structure is configured to provide a second filter output signal based on the summing output signal;
an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) providing a first ADC output signal based on the first filter output signal and providing a second ADC output signal based on the second filter output signal; and
a control system coupled between the ADC and the calibration DAC, wherein:
the control system is configured to provide a calibration DAC input signal to the calibration DAC to update the calibration DAC output signal, wherein the updated calibration DAC output signal includes updated information about the main DAC distortion; and
the calibration DAC input signal is calculated from the first ADC output signal and the second ADC output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,312

CONFIGURABLE GATE ARRAY BASED ON THREE-DIMENSIONAL WRITABLE MEMORY

HangZhou HaiCun Informati...

1. A configurable gate array, comprising:at least a configurable logic element formed on a semiconductor substrate, wherein said configurable logic element selectively realizes a logic function from a logic library; and
at least a configurable computing element, wherein said configurable computing element comprises a first three-dimensional writable memory (3D-W) array stacked above said semiconductor substrate, said first 3D-W array is electrically programmable and can be loaded with a first look-up table (LUT) for a first math function.

US Pat. No. 10,116,306

TOUCH AND FORCE SENSITIVE ROCKER SWITCH

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

5. A portable electronic device, comprising:a housing that defines an interior volume, the housing comprising a sidewall that includes a through hole;
a button aligned with the through hole, the button comprising a surface;
a capacitive sensor positioned in the interior volume and at least partially covered by the button; and
a force sensor positioned in the interior volume and at least partially covered by the button, wherein the button is configured to accept i) a touch input to the surface that is detected by the capacitive sensor, and ii) a force touch input that is determined by the force sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,301

CROSS-COUPLED, NARROW PULSE, HIGH VOLTAGE LEVEL SHIFTING CIRCUIT WITH VOLTAGE DOMAIN COMMON MODE REJECTION

INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES AME...

6. A circuit, comprising:a high side circuit, including:
current mirrors configured to generate mirrored currents that mirror a set signal and a reset signal that are generated in response to a set pulse and a reset pulse;
a cross coupled current mode cancellation circuit connected to the current mirrors, wherein the cross coupled current mode cancellation circuit is configured to attenuate at least a portion of a slew current from a first one of the mirrored currents to generate an adjusted first signal, and to generate a first voltage at a resistor according to the adjusted first signal; and
a high side driver configured to provide a high output signal according to activation to the first voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,116,299

POWER-ON RESET CIRCUIT

SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURI...

1. A power-on-reset circuit comprising:an execution circuit comprising a first input terminal, a second input terminal, and a first output terminal, the first input terminal directly connected to a power supply voltage, a voltage at the second input terminal having a low level at an initial state, and a voltage at the first output terminal having a low level, wherein the voltage at the first output terminal transitions from the low level to a high level when the power supply voltage at the first input terminal and the voltage at the second input terminal are not less than a predetermined voltage; and
a control circuit comprising a third input terminal connected to the first output terminal, a fourth input terminal connected to the first input terminal, and a second output terminal connected to the second input terminal, wherein the voltage at the second input terminal transitions from the low level to the high level when a difference between the power supply voltage at the first input terminal and the voltage at the first output terminal is greater than a predetermined voltage difference,
wherein the execution circuit comprises a NAND gate having a first input terminal directly connected to the first input terminal of the execution circuit, a gate connected to the second input terminal of the execution circuit, a drain connected to the output terminal of the NAND gate, a source connected in series with a reverse-biased diode circuit to the power supply voltage, and a substrate connected to the power supply voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,116,293

INPUT BUFFER CIRCUIT

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. An input buffer circuit comprising:a first buffer configured to buffer a command address received based on a selection signal;
a second buffer configured to buffer the command address based on the selection signal, and have characteristics different from those of the first buffer; and
a variable delay matching circuit configured to delay an output signal of the first buffer and an output signal of the second buffer, and control a delay time in different ways according to the selection signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,292

IGBT GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a gate line connected to a gate terminal of a power device including a first terminal, a second terminal, and the gate terminal;
a plurality of first constant-current circuits connected between the gate line and a power supply line;
a plurality of second constant-current circuits connected between the gate line and a ground line;
a constant-current circuit selecting circuit configured to select a constant-current circuit to be activated from among the plurality of first constant-current circuits and the plurality of second constant-current circuits and output an activation instruction signal to the selected constant-current circuit;
a first comparator configured to change a level of a first voltage detection signal from a first logical level to a second logical level when a voltage at the gate terminal becomes higher than a first threshold voltage;
a second comparator configured to change a level of a second voltage detection signal from the first logical level to the second logical level when the voltage at the gate terminal becomes higher than a second threshold voltage; and
a gate mode setting circuit configured to control an on/off-state of the constant-current circuit selected by the constant-current circuit selecting circuit based on a gate control signal for controlling an on/off-state of the power device, the activation instruction signal, the first voltage detection signal, and the second voltage detection signal,
wherein the gate mode setting circuit controls the on/off-state of the constant-current circuit selected by the constant-current circuit selecting circuit in a first period in which the first and second voltage detection signals have different logical levels,
the gate mode setting circuit controls the on/off-state of the constant-current circuit selected by the constant-current circuit selecting circuit in a second period in which the first and second voltage detection signals have the same logical level and
the gate mode setting circuit increases a number of constant-current circuits controlled in an on-state in the second period compared to a number of constant-current circuits controlled in an on-state in the first period.

US Pat. No. 10,116,290

RF FRONTEND HAVING A WIDEBAND MM WAVE FREQUENCY DOUBLER

SPEEDLINK TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. A radio frequency (RF) integrated circuit, comprising:a RF transceiver to transmit and receive RF signals;
a frequency synthesizer coupled to the RF transceiver to perform frequency synthesis,
wherein the frequency synthesizer includes:
a local oscillator (LO) to generate a LO signal,
a frequency doubler circuit coupled to the LO to double a frequency of the LO signal, the frequency doubler circuit including:
a first field effect transistor having a first gate, a first source, and a first drain; and
a second field effect transistor having a second gate, a second source, and a second drain, wherein the first gate of the first field effect transistor and the second source of the second field effect transistor are driven by an input signal in a first phase, wherein the first source of the first field effect transistor and the second gate of the second field effect transistor are driven by the input signal in a second phase, wherein the first field effect transistor and the second field effect transistor are caused to switch based on the first phase and the second phase of the input signal respectively to generate an output signal at the first drain and the second drain having a frequency that is approximately double of the input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,289

SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUIT FOR MITIGATING PULLING EFFECT AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

MediaTek Inc., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A transmitter, comprising:a first mixer, arranged to upconvert a first input signal with an oscillation signal to generate a first output signal, wherein the oscillation signal is generated by dividing a frequency of a reference clock with a frequency dividing factor;
a first amplifier, coupled to the first mixer, the first amplifier arranged to amplify the first output signal and generate an amplified output signal at an output terminal of the first amplifier; and
a pulling effect mitigation circuit, coupled to the output terminal of the first amplifier, the pulling effect mitigation circuit arranged to generate a compensation signal, to the output terminal for reducing at least an Nth harmonic of the amplified output signal, the pulling effect mitigation circuit comprising:
a first phase shifting circuit, configured to shift a phase of the first input signal and output a phase shifted first input signal, the phase shifted first input signal having a different phase from that of the first input signal;
a second phase shifting circuit, configured to shift a phase of the oscillation signal to produce a phase shifted oscillation signal, the phase shifted oscillation signal having a different phase from that of the oscillation signal; and
a second mixer, coupled to the first phase shifting circuit, configured to mix the phase shifted first input signal with the phase shifted oscillation signal to generate a second output signal, wherein a frequency of the phase shifted oscillation signal is equal to a frequency of the oscillation signal, and wherein a sum of the phase shifts produced by the first and second phase shifting circuits is 90 degrees;
wherein a value of N is equal to the frequency dividing factor, such that the compensation signal reduces at least the Nth harmonic of the amplifier output signal to prevent the amplified output signal from affecting the frequency of the oscillation signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,280

COIL COMPONENT

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

9. A coil component comprising:a body including first and second filter parts overlaying each other and a main surface of a substrate, and spaced apart from each other in a thickness direction orthogonal to the main surface of the substrate,
wherein:
each filter part of the first and second filter parts includes upper and lower coils disposed in the body to overlay each other and spaced apart from each other in the thickness direction,
one of the upper and lower coils of the first filter part is electrically connected in series with one of the upper and lower coils of the second filter part such that a first current flowing in the one coil of the first filter part produces a magnetic flux having a direction opposite to a magnetic flux produced by the first current flowing through the series connected one coil of the second filter part,
another of the upper and lower coils of the first filter part is electrically connected in series with another of the upper and lower coils of the second filter part such that a second current flowing in the other coil of the first filter part produces a magnetic flux having a direction opposite to a magnetic flux produced by the second current flowing through the series connected other coil of the second filter part, and
a distance between the coil windings in each of the upper and lower coils of the first filter part is smaller than a distance between the coil windings in each of the upper and lower coils of the second filter part.

US Pat. No. 10,116,276

POWER AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT

National Chi Nan Universi...

1. A radio frequency (RF) power amplifier circuit comprising:a power divider disposed to receive an RF input signal, and configured to divide the RF input signal into more than three RF division signals;
a plurality of power amplification circuits coupled to said power divider for respectively receiving the RF division signals, each of said power amplification circuits being configured to perform power amplification on a respective one of the RF division signals, and to output a respective one of amplified RF division signals; and
a power combiner coupled to said power amplification circuits for receiving the amplified RF division signals, and configured to combine the amplified RF division signals into an RF output signal;
wherein one of said power divider and said power combiner has a first microstrip structure,
said RF power amplifier circuit further comprising a first impedance conversion circuit that has
a first terminal coupled to said one of said power divider and said power combiner that has said first microstrip structure, and
a second terminal that is disposed to receive the RF input signal when said first terminal is coupled to said power divider, and that is disposed to output the RF output signal when said first terminal is coupled to said power combiner,
said first impedance conversion circuit being configured to permit transmission of one of the RF input signal and the RF output signal between said first and second terminals thereof, and being configured such that a first conversion impedance, which is an impedance seen into said first impedance conversion circuit from said first terminal, matches an impedance seen into said one of said power divider and said power combiner from said first terminal; and
wherein said first microstrip structure has a physical length associated with the first conversion impedance,
said RF power amplifier circuit satisfying:

where:
N represents a number of the RF division signals,
?TE represents an equivalent electrical length of said first microstrip structure,
YTE represents an equivalent characteristic transconductance of said first microstrip structure,
? represents an angular frequency of the RF input signal,
?T represents the physical length of said first microstrip structure,
ZL represents the first conversion impedance;
RL represents a real part of ZL,
LL represents an imaginary part of ZL,
Zx represents an impedance seen into said first microstrip structure from a terminal of said first microstrip structure to which one of said power amplification circuits is coupled,
Rx represents a real part of Zx,
Lx represents an imaginary part of Zx, and
? represents a wavelength of the RF input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,273

CURRENT REUSE FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A current reuse field effect transistor amplifier comprising:a first field effect transistor including a first gate to which a radio frequency (RF) signal is input, a first source, and a first drain;
a first resistor connected between the first source and a terminal for grounding;
a second field effect transistor including a second source, a second gate connected to the first drain, and a second drain that is connected to a terminal for power supply and outputs the RF signal;
a second resistor connected between the second source and the second gate;
a third field effect transistor including a third source, a third drain connected to the terminal for power supply, and a third gate connected to the terminal for grounding;
a fourth field effect transistor including a fourth source, a fourth drain, and a fourth gate connected to the third source;
one or a plurality of diodes connected in series between the fourth source and the terminal for grounding;
a third resistor connected between the terminal for power supply and the fourth drain; and
a fourth resistor connected between the fourth drain and the first gate,whereinthe first to the fourth field effect transistors are each a depletion mode field effect transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,272

VARIABLE IMPEDANCE MATCH AND VARIABLE HARMONIC TERMINATIONS FOR DIFFERENT MODES AND FREQUENCY BANDS

pSemi Corporation, San D...

1. An arrangement configured to receive and amplify a first signal, the arrangement comprising:an amplifier having an amplifier output terminal, wherein, during operation of the arrangement, the amplifier generates a second signal by amplifying the first signal;
a first harmonic termination arrangement comprising a first set of one or more harmonic terminations operatively connected in series;
a second harmonic termination arrangement comprising a second set of one or more harmonic terminations operatively connected in series; and
a switching arrangement;
wherein:
the switching arrangement is configured to selectively provide a conduction path of the second signal through one of the first set and the second set of one or more harmonic terminations operatively connected in series; and
each of the first set and the second set of one or more harmonic terminations is configured to resonate at a corresponding harmonic resonant frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,116,261

OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An oscillator circuit comprising:a resonant circuit; and
first and second negative-resistance circuits,
wherein each of the first and second negative-resistance circuits includes a first power-supply terminal, a second power-supply terminal, an input terminal and an output terminal, and the first and second negative-resistance circuits are connected in series between a first power supply and a second power supply at the first and second power-supply terminals, and connected parallel to the resonance circuit at the input and output terminals, and
wherein each of the first and second negative-resistance circuits comprises a first transistor of a first conductivity type which includes a first current path and a first gate electrode, the first current path of the first transistor being located between the first power supply terminal and the second power supply terminal, and
an intermediate voltage is supplied to the first gate electrode of the first transistor, the intermediate voltage is a voltage between a voltage at the first power supply terminal and a voltage at the second power supply terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,255

CLEANING SYSTEM FOR SOLAR PANELS

SOLAR MAID OF NORTHERN AR...

1. An apparatus for cleaning a solar panel, the apparatus comprising:a brush body having a width approximately equal to the solar panel;
a plurality of brush heads each attached to the brush body and having bristles extending away from the brush body, the bristles of each of the plurality of brush heads cooperating to form a contact plane where the bristles contact the solar panel;
a fluid manifold attached to the brush body, the fluid manifold comprising one or more pipes interconnecting a plurality of bulkheads, the plurality of bulkheads comprising:
a hose bulkhead that connects to a hose to establish fluid communication between the fluid manifold and a fluid supply; and
a plurality of nozzle bulkheads in fluid communication with the hose bulkhead; and
a plurality of nozzles each connected to one of the plurality of nozzle bulkheads such that each nozzle bulkhead has attached thereto:
a corresponding forward-facing nozzle of the plurality of nozzles, the corresponding forward-facing nozzle extending beyond a front edge of the brush body and emitting pressurized fluid onto the solar panel; and
a corresponding rear-facing nozzle of the plurality of nozzles, the corresponding rear-facing nozzle extending beyond a rear edge of the brush body and emitting pressurized fluid onto the solar panel.

US Pat. No. 10,116,250

AC-ROTARY-MACHINE CONTROL DEVICE AND ELECTRIC POWER-STEERING SYSTEM PROVIDED WITH AC-ROTARY-MACHINE CONTROL DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A controller for an AC rotary machine, which is configured to control the AC rotary machine based on an estimated resistance value of the AC rotary machine, the controller comprising:a temperature detector configured to detect an external temperature of the AC rotary machine, and to output the detected external temperature;
a resistance value estimator to estimate, based on the detected external temperature, an actual resistance value of the AC rotary machine, which changes depending on temperature of the AC rotary machine, and to output the estimated resistance value; and
a voltage supply configured to apply a voltage to an AC rotary machine based on the estimated resistance value,
wherein the resistance value estimator calculates a basic estimated resistance value, which is a sum of a first resistance value defined as a fixed value and a second resistance value that is proportional to the detected external temperature, and to calculate the estimated resistance value by adding an estimated resistance correction value to the basic estimated resistance value,
wherein the estimated resistance correction value comprises a negative value having an absolute value that is larger than a difference between a lower limit value of a resistance value error allowable range and a deviation estimate, and is smaller than an absolute value of the deviation estimate,
wherein the deviation estimate is a value set in advance as a lower limit of a range that is taken by a deviation obtained by subtracting the basic estimated resistance value from the actual resistance value, and
wherein the resistance value error allowable range comprises a range of a resistance value error that enables the AC rotary machine to be rotated smoothly.

US Pat. No. 10,116,244

MOTOR DRIVING CIRCUIT AND METHOD PROVIDING SMOOTH RECOVERY FROM TRANSIENT POWER LOSS

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method for driving a motor including a rotor driven by stator coils, the stator coils receiving drive signals controlled by a drive circuit, the method comprising recovering from a power supply glitch or transient by:deriving a signal from at most one Hall sensor that senses a magnetic field polarity of the rotor;
detecting whether the signal lacks a transition within a predetermined time period, and if so, determining that the rotor is not rotating;
detecting whether the signal includes multiple transitions separated by no more than the predetermined time period, and if so, determining that the rotor is rotating; and
if it is determined that the rotor is rotating:
determining duty cycle values for each of the stator coils based on timing of the multiple transitions; and
driving the motor by supplying the drive signals to the stator coils using said duty cycle values.

US Pat. No. 10,116,232

COLLOCATION OF RADIATION GENERATOR COMPONENTS FOR LIMITED-SPACE DEVICES

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A compact radiation generator for use in a downhole well-logging tool, the compact radiation generator comprising:a housing comprising a cavity and an axis down a length of the housing;
a linear acceleration tube in the cavity that generates radiation when supplied with a sufficiently high voltage; and
a first voltage multiplier ladder in the cavity configured to supply the sufficiently high voltage to the acceleration tube, wherein the first voltage multiplier ladder comprises a first linear part and a second linear part, wherein the first linear part is electrically coupled to and receives power from a transformer and is disposed parallel to the axis of the compact radiation generator and collocated with the second linear part, wherein the first linear part and the second linear part of the first voltage multiplier ladder are connected to one another at a turnover point that is electrically partway through the first voltage multiplier ladder, wherein the transformer is collocated at a same position along the axis as at least a portion of the second linear part or a portion of the acceleration tube.

US Pat. No. 10,116,224

SWITCHING POWER CONVERTER CIRCUIT

Northrop Grumman Systems ...

1. A switching power converter circuit comprising:a gate driver configured to generate at least one switching signal in response to a feedback signal;
a feedback stage configured to generate the feedback signal based on an amplitude of an output voltage at an output; and
a power stage comprising at least one switch and a transformer, the at least one switch being controlled via the respective at least one switching signal to provide a primary current through a primary winding of the transformer to induce a secondary current through a secondary winding of the transformer to generate the output voltage, the power stage further comprising a self-driven synchronous rectifier stage coupled to the secondary winding to conduct the secondary current from a low voltage rail through the secondary winding, the self-driven synchronous rectifier stage comprises:
a first transistor interconnecting a first end of the secondary winding and the low voltage rail and being configured to conduct the secondary current from the low voltage rail through a first portion of the secondary winding when activated during a first switching phase; and
a second transistor interconnecting a second end of the secondary winding and the low voltage rail and being configured to conduct the secondary current from the low voltage rail through a second portion of the secondary winding when activated during a second switching phase.

US Pat. No. 10,116,212

VOLTAGE REGULATION BASED ON CURRENT SENSING IN MOSFET DRAIN-TO-SOURCE RESISTANCE IN ON-STATE RDS(ON)

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. An Information Handling System (IHS) comprising:an information handling resource;
a synchronous buck voltage regulator (VR) coupled to the information handling resource to deliver electrical energy to the information handling resource by switching between a high side (HS) control switch and a low side (LS) synchronous switch to regulate a direct current (DC) output voltage (VOUT) generated from a DC input voltage (VIN); and
a VR controller coupled to the voltage regulator, and which:
measures at least one inductor current (IMON) value of the voltage regulator during LS synchronous switch ON state;
synthesizes one or more IMON values of the voltage regulator during HS power switch ON state based on the calibrated inductance value, a period of time of Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) ON state, at least one measured VIN value, and at least one measured VOUT value; and
generates a complete IMON signal that combines the measured and synthesized IMON values.

US Pat. No. 10,116,203

TRANSFORMER INCLUDING A CURRENT INDUCTION DEVICE HAVING AN AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT

1. A transformer comprising:a first transformer;
a second transformer;
a current induction device; and
an amplifier circuit, wherein the current induction device is provided in a load line of the first transformer for detecting an induction current in the load line of the first transformer; wherein an induction output end of the current induction device is connected to a control winding; and the control winding is provided in a winding of the second transformer for generating an induction voltage in the winding of the second transformer so as to supplement the output power of the first transformer;
wherein the amplifier circuit is provided in an induction output line of the current induction device, wherein the amplifier circuit protects a first amplifier circuit and a second amplifier circuit, the first amplifier circuit having a first amplification coefficient value and the second amplifier circuit having a second amplification coefficient value;
wherein a primary coil of the first transformer is connected to a primary coil of the second transformer in series and a secondary coil of the first transformer is connected to a secondary coil of the second transformer in series; and
wherein a three-terminal synchronization rectifier is provided in the induction output line of the current induction device.

US Pat. No. 10,116,196

PARALLEL ELASTIC MECHANISM FOR ROBOT-ENVIRONMENT FORCE INTERACTION

DISNEY ENTERPRISES, INC.,...

1. An apparatus for producing relative motion between a supported load and its environment, comprising:a direct drive motor directly coupled to the supported load and the environment operable to provide translational motion between the support load and the environment;
an elastic element directly coupled to the supported load and the environment; and
a prismatic guide assembly first supporting the direct drive motor to constrain the translational motion and second supporting the elastic element to constrain compression and expansion of the elastic element to be parallel to the translational motion,
wherein the direct drive motor comprises a translational voice coil motor,
wherein the prismatic guide assembly comprises:
a coil support supporting a coil element of the voice coil motor;
a body support spaced apart from the coil support and supporting a body of the voice coil motor; and
a translational bearing assembly constraining relative movement between the coil and body supports to be parallel to the drive axis,
wherein the translational bearing assembly comprises first and second guide shafts extending between the coil support and the body support and positioned on opposite sides of the voice coil motor,
wherein the elastic element comprises a compression spring coiled about exterior surfaces of one of the first and second guide shafts, and
wherein the elastic element further comprises an additional compression spring coiled about exterior surfaces of another one of the first and second guide shafts.

US Pat. No. 10,116,184

ROBOT HAVING ISOLATED STATOR AND ENCODER

Persimmon Technologies Co...

1. An apparatus comprising:a housing;
a motor comprising a stator and a rotor, where the stator is connected to the housing;
an environment barrier extending between the stator and the rotor; and
a sealing system connecting the environment barrier with the housing, where the sealing system comprises a first seal interface and a second seal interface, where the first seal interface connects to the housing at a first diameter which is at least partially less than or equal to an inner diameter of the stator, and where the second seal interface connects to the housing at a second diameter which is at least partially greater than or equal to an outer diameter of the stator.

US Pat. No. 10,116,178

ROTOR WITH EMBEDDED PERMANENT MAGNET HAVING ADHESIVE ON ONE SIDE AND COOLING CHANNELS ON THE OTHER SIDE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An embedded permanent magnet rotary electric machine comprising:a stator comprising:
an annular stator core; and
a stator coil that is mounted to said stator core; and
a rotor comprising:
a rotor core that is configured by laminating and integrating electromagnetic steel sheets, and that is fixed to a shaft so as to be disposed rotatably inside said stator core;
a plurality of permanent magnet housing apertures that are disposed circumferentially so as to be respectively formed so as to pass axially through an outer circumferential side of said rotor core; and
permanent magnets that are housed in each of said magnet housing apertures,
wherein:
at least one coolant flow channel is formed so as to pass axially through said rotor core radially inside said magnet housing apertures;
a linking flow channel is formed so as to have a flow channel width that is narrower than a maximum flow channel width of said coolant flow channel, so as to link said coolant flow channel and said magnet housing apertures, and so as to pass axially through said rotor core; and
said permanent magnets are fixed to an inner wall surface of said magnet housing apertures by an adhesive that is disposed only between a wall surface of said permanent magnets that is positioned on a radially inner side or a radially outer side of said permanent magnets and said inner wall surface of said magnet housing apertures so as to expose a region of a wall surface of said permanent magnets that is positioned on a radially inner side that faces said linking flow channel.

US Pat. No. 10,116,177

ROTOR FOR ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A rotor for a rotary electric machine, comprising:a shaft;
a rotor core through which the shaft passes, for rotating integrally with the shaft; and
a plurality of permanent magnets, each being extended in an axial direction of the rotor core and being fixed to the rotor core along a circumferential direction of the rotor core,
wherein the rotor core comprises:
a first core portion comprising a plurality of core pieces joined together through caulking portions, and a hollow first lightening portion separated away from the shaft in a radial direction of the rotor core; and
a second core portion comprising a plurality of core pieces joined together through caulking portions, and a press-fit portion held in close contact with the first core portion, into which the shaft is press-fitted,
wherein a radial width of a magnetic path of a ring-shaped outer circumferential portion formed by laminating the first core portion and the second core portion changes along the circumferential direction, and
wherein the shaft passing through a center axis line of the hollow first lightening portion of the first core portion is surrounded by a ring through a gap portion therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,116,176

PERMANENT MAGNET EMBEDDED ELECTRIC MOTOR, COMPRESSOR AND REFRIGERATION AIR CONDITIONER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A permanent magnet embedded electric motor comprising:a stator;
a rotor disposed on an inner diameter side of the stator; and
permanent magnets inserted in a plurality of magnet insertion holes formed in a rotor iron core of the rotor,
wherein
the rotor iron core includes:
a plurality of first slits that are formed on an outer side of the magnet insertion hole, and communicate with the magnet insertion hole;
a plurality of second slits formed at positions opposed to and spaced apart from the first slits;
inter-slit iron core portions formed between the first slits and the second slits;
outer side iron core portions formed between the second slits and an outer circumferential surface of the rotor iron core;
space portions communicating with rotating direction end portions of the magnet insertion hole; and
thin iron core portions that are formed between the space portions and the outer circumferential surface of the rotor iron core, and extend in a rotating direction, and
the rotor iron core has a shape satisfying a relation of H1>H2, where H1 denotes a width of the first slit in a radial direction, and H2 denotes a width of the second slits in a radial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,116,175

ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE AND STATOR OF ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A stator of a rotary electric machine, the rotary electric machine comprising a rotor, the rotor comprising a plurality of magnetic poles, the stator comprising:a stator core defining an axial direction and a circumferential direction, the stator core comprising:
a plurality of stacked annular electromagnetic steel plates, each of the annular electromagnetic steel plates comprising a plurality of coupling portions such that the annular electromagnetic steel plates are coupled with one another by the coupling portions, the coupling portions arranged with equal pitches in the circumferential direction, each of the coupling portions arranged with a pitch of an integral multiple of a central angle, the central angle being defined as an angle between two circumferentially adjacent magnetic poles of the same polarity from among the magnetic poles relative to a rotational center of the rotor, and
a plurality of fixing portions projecting radially outward from an outer circumferential surface of the stator core, each of the fixing portions comprising a through-hole extending therethrough in the axial direction, the fixing portions arranged with equal pitches in the circumferential direction, a quantity of the coupling portions being an odd number, each of the fixing portions arranged with either the same pitch as the pitch of each of the coupling portions, or with a pitch corresponding to a divisor of the pitch of each of the coupling portions relative to the rotational center of the rotor; and
a coil wound around teeth of the stator core.

US Pat. No. 10,116,174

SYNCHRONOUS RELUCTANCE ELECTRIC MACHINE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A synchronous reluctance electric machine, comprising:a stator including a plurality of electrical windings;
a rotor disposed in a cylindrically-shaped void formed within the stator and including a plurality of steel laminations assembled onto a shaft,
wherein the shaft defines a longitudinal axis,
wherein each of the steel laminations includes a plurality of poles and wherein each of the poles includes a plurality of slots disposed near an outer periphery, and
wherein the slots of the steel laminations are longitudinally aligned; and
a plurality of packets assembled from anisotropic material and disposed in the slots, wherein each of the packets assembled from anisotropic material comprises a stack including a plurality of laminations fabricated from a grain-oriented steel material, wherein the grain-oriented steel material of the plurality of laminations are aligned along a common axis.

US Pat. No. 10,116,173

PARKING ASSISTANCE DEVICE AND PARKING ASSISTANCE METHOD

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A parking assistance device used in a wireless power supply system which performs wireless power supply between a power transmitting coil on a ground side and a power receiving coil on a vehicle side, the parking assistance device comprising:three or more coils aligned in one direction in a plan view of the vehicle, the coils being configured to detect magnetic flux in a height direction of the vehicle which is generated by the power transmitting coil;
a vehicle controller configured to detect misalignment between the power transmitting coil and the power receiving coil in the one direction, based on a decrease in the magnetic flux in the height direction of the vehicle which is detected by the three or more coils; and
an output unit configured to notify a user of a result of the misalignment detection.

US Pat. No. 10,116,172

CHARGING DEVICE AND HAND-HELD DEVICE FOR A SMALL MOBILE ELECTRICAL DEVICE

TRISA HOLDING AG, Trieng...

1. A charging device for contactless transmission of energy for the energy supply of a cordless hand-held device, wherein the charging device comprises:an electronic circuit for feeding an inductive energy transmitter, the circuit being configured to adapt energy fed to the inductive energy transmitter, in accordance with energy taken from the inductive energy transmitter, the circuit comprising:
a primary winding for feeding a hand-held device, wherein the primary winding is part of an oscillation circuit;
a driver circuit for the pulsed feeding of energy into the oscillation circuit in accordance with a driver signal;
a current measuring circuit for producing a current measurement signal corresponding to a current flowing into the oscillation circuit; and
a control device which is configured to detect the current measurement signal and, in accordance with the current measurement signal, to generate the driver signal for the activation of the driver circuit, as a pulse-width modulated signal with a frequency corresponding to a resonance frequency of the oscillation circuit,
wherein the current measuring circuit comprises a measuring shunt and a rectifier circuit for rectifying a voltage occurring across the measuring shunt and for generating the current measurement signal, and the control device comprises a microprocessor or microcontroller comprising an analog input for determining the current measurement signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,171

POWER RECEIVING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PREVENTING UNFAIR USE

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A power receiving apparatus comprised in an electronic device, comprising:a power receiving module configured to receive electric power supplied from a power supply apparatus in a non-contact manner;
a supply module configured to supply the electric power received by the power receiving module to a power load section of the electronic device;
an acquisition module configured to acquire identification information for identifying the power supply apparatus from the power supply apparatus;
a determination module configured to determine whether the identification information acquired by the acquisition module is coincident with present identification information;
a control module configured to suppress the electric power supplied to the power load section in response to a determination by the determination module that the identification information is not coincident with the preset identification information; and
a notification module configured to transmit notification information for notifying a predetermined external device of a probability of a theft in response to the determination by the determination module that the identification information is not coincident with the preset identification information.

US Pat. No. 10,116,169

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING RESONANCE FREQUENCY USING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A wireless power transmitter, comprising:resonators electrically connected to each other; and
a resonance frequency varying unit configured to vary resonance frequencies of the resonators based on a change in an amount of power to be sent to a wireless power receiver from the wireless power transmitter,
wherein upon the amount of power to be sent to the wireless power receiver being an amount greater than or equal to a first threshold value, the resonance frequency varying unit is configured to increase the resonance frequencies of the resonators, and upon the amount of power to be sent to the wireless power receiver being an amount less than or equal to a second threshold value which is smaller than the first threshold value, the resonance frequency varying unit is configured to decrease the resonance frequencies of the resonators.

US Pat. No. 10,116,168

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER DEVICE AND WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER DEVICE

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

1. A wireless power transmitter device comprising:a transmitter circuit configured to generate a transmitting current;
a transmitter coil electrically connected to the transmitter circuit, wherein the transmitter coil is configured to receive the transmitting current to generate an electromagnetic field to induce a receiving current in a wireless power receiver device;
a transmitter communication unit to receive a report of a received power of the wireless power receiver device therefrom; and
a transmitter control unit electrically connected to the transmitter circuit, the transmitter coil, and the transmitter communication unit, wherein the transmitter control unit is configured to receive the report of the received power from the transmitter communication unit and determine whether a frequency splitting phenomena occurs according to the received power,
wherein the transmitter circuit comprises a plurality of component groups each comprising a plurality of circuit components having different component values and a plurality of selecting circuits each corresponds to one of the component groups;
wherein the transmitter control unit adjusts the configuration of the transmitter circuit by controlling the selecting circuits to select one of the circuit components within each of the component groups to be activated in the transmitter circuit,
wherein when the frequency splitting phenomena occurs, the transmitter control unit adjusts at least one of a configuration of the transmitter coil and a configuration of the transmitter circuit or adjusts a transmitting frequency of the transmitting current.

US Pat. No. 10,116,167

INDUCTIVE POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE

1. A power transmission device for inductive energy transfer, wherein the power transmission device comprises:a first stage adapted to be connected to a supply input voltage and adapted to convert the supply input voltage to an operating voltage;
a second stage including a resonant circuit connected to the first stage and adapted to generate an oscillating voltage from the operating voltage so as to generate a magnetic field for inductive transfer of energy from the power transmission device to a target device;
a control circuit connected to the second stage, the control circuit being adapted to detect a parameter value of the second stage, the detected parameter indicating whether the target device is being recharged or not, and adapted to start or stop amplification of the resonant circuit based on the detected parameter value;
wherein the resonant circuit is composed by the parallel connection of a capacitor with a winding of a transfer coil and a magnetically coupled sensing coil, both coils being wound around a core and serving as primary coils for inductively transferring energy to the target device including a secondary coil, and
wherein the control circuit is configured to detect the parameter value of the sensing coil;
wherein the second stage further includes a switching element connected to the resonant circuit, the switching element being adapted to amplify the oscillations of the resonant circuit so as to start or stop amplification of the resonant circuit;
wherein the control circuit is adapted to detect an oscillation voltage value of the sensing coil of the resonant circuit and to switch the switching element in-phase with the oscillations of the resonant circuit so as to amplify the oscillation of the resonant circuit, the switching of the switching element being performed as zero-voltage switching amplification of the resonant circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,116,166

AUTONOMOUS APPARATUS AND SYSTEM COMPRISING SUCH AN APPARATUS

Phlox, Aix en Provence (...

1. Apparatus (40) comprising an inductor (14), a rectifier (16) coupled to the inductor, a load (13) coupled to the rectifier, and a control member (29) for controlling power supply to the load (13), the apparatus being characterized in that it further comprises:a DC voltage converter (19 to 22) coupled to the rectifier (16);
a battery (12) coupled to the voltage converter; and
measurement means (26) for measuring the output voltage of the rectifier (16);
a priming circuit (18) coupled to the rectifier and to the programmable control unit and presenting sufficient capacitance to be capable of powering the control unit temporarily in the absence of a DC voltage being delivered to the rectifier or by the battery;
the load (13) being coupled to the voltage converter, and the apparatus (40) further comprising a control unit (10) coupled to the voltage converter, connected to the control member (29) and to the voltage measurement means (26), and arranged to cause either the battery to be charged by the rectifier, or the load (13) to be powered by the rectifier, or the load (13) to be powered by the battery, as a function of the state of the control member (29) and of the output voltage of the rectifier (16).

US Pat. No. 10,116,165

POWERGRID OPERATION AND SUPERVISION SYSTEM

GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLO...

1. A system for facilitating operation and monitoring of a power grid system comprising:a processor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
determining a measured operating condition by monitoring one or more portions of the power grid system;
generating an operation plan for planned outages, wherein the planned outages are determined to satisfy a defined criterion associated with an effect on system operation of the power grid system, wherein the operation plan is based on a predicted operating condition of the power grid system, wherein the predicted operating condition comprises a predicted operation limit for the one or more portions of the power grid system, and wherein the generating the operation plan comprises comparing the predicted operating limit for the one or more portions of the power grid system to the measured operating condition;
determining an action plan based on the operation plan, wherein the action plan comprises a set of tasks to be performed to accomplish the operation plan;
facilitating execution of switching management operations associated with the power grid system by transmitting instructions associated with the set of tasks to an energy management system and a distribution management system; and
maintaining a log record of the set of tasks, the instructions, and task completion times associated with the set of tasks.

US Pat. No. 10,116,164

FLEXIBLE CONTROL ARCHITECTURE FOR MICROGRID RESILIENCY

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A control system for controlling an electrical power microgrid including loads and distributed energy resources, the control system comprising:a component control layer including component control devices connected directly to the loads and distributed energy resources;
a middle level control layer including aggregating control devices, each aggregating control device being connected to a respective plurality of the component control devices;
a microgrid control layer including one or more microgrid control devices connected to the aggregating control devices and further comprising a contingency metric computation module for computing a contingency metric indicating a level of operational threat based on characteristics of the electrical power microgrid and its environment;
the control system being configured to operate in a centralized mode when the contingency metric indicates substantially no operational threat, wherein the electrical power microgrid communicates with a main grid, instructions and set points for the loads and distributed energy resources are transmitted from the microgrid control layer to the middle level control layer and the component control layer, and the control system maintains a first level of real time reserve margin;
the control system being further configured to operate in a first intermediate mode when the contingency metric indicates a first intermediate operational threat, wherein the electrical power microgrid is operated partially in an island mode, the instructions and set points for the loads and distributed energy resources are transmitted from the microgrid control layer to the middle level control layer and the component control layer, and the control system maintains a second level of real time reserve margin, wherein the second level of real time reserve margin is lower than the first level of real time reserve margin;
the control system being further configured to operate in a second intermediate mode when the contingency metric indicates a second intermediate operational threat greater than the first intermediate operational threat, wherein the electrical power microgrid is operated in the island mode, the instructions and set points for the loads and distributed energy resources are transmitted from the middle level control layer to the component control layer without receiving instructions and set points from the microgrid control layer, and the control system maintains a minimum real time reserve margin;
the control system being further configured to operate in a decentralized mode when the contingency metric indicates a high operational threat, wherein the electrical power microgrid is operated in the island mode, the component control layer is operated without receiving instructions and set points from the middle level control layer or the microgrid control layer, and the control system maintains no real time reserve margin.

US Pat. No. 10,116,163

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) DIRECT CURRENT (DC) LOAD LEVELING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system comprising:an alternating current (AC)-direct current (DC) converter configured to convert power from an AC supply to a DC bus to provide a first portion of power to a medical imaging load;
an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) coupled to the DC bus, wherein the UPS comprises:
at least one battery cell; and
a DC-DC converter comprising one or more switches and coupled between the at least one battery cell and the DC bus; and
a control system comprising a processor configured to send one or more signals to control operation of the one or more switches to cause the DC-DC converter to control power discharged from the at least one battery cell to the DC bus to provide a second portion of power to the medical imaging load;
wherein the DC bus is directly coupled to the medical imaging load and is configured to provide the first and second portions of power to the medical imaging load as DC power.

US Pat. No. 10,116,161

LINE RIPPLE COMPENSATION FOR SWITCHING POWER CONVERTERS

DIALOG SEMICONDUCTOR INC....

1. A controller for a switching power converter, comprising:a peak voltage compensation circuit configured to determine a peak voltage adjustment factor responsive to a function of a difference between a desired switching period for a power switch and an actual switching period for the power switch, a desired peak voltage, and the desired switching period; and
a constant voltage control circuit including an adder configured to add the desired peak voltage with the peak voltage adjustment factor to provide a compensated peak voltage, wherein the constant voltage control circuit is further configured to command the power switch to be cycled off in a current cycle of the power switch responsive to a sense voltage equaling the compensated peak voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,116,160

CHARGING CIRCUIT, AN INDUCTIVE LOAD CONTROL CIRCUIT, AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, A VEHICLE AND A METHOD OF CHARGING A BOOTSTRAP STORAGE ELEMENT

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A charging circuit for a bootstrap charge storage element, the charging circuit comprising:a switch arrangement, configured to connect between a voltage source and the bootstrap charge storage element, wherein
the switch arrangement comprises a first switch and a second switch connected in series, and
said switch arrangement is arranged to allow charging current to flow from the voltage source through the first and second switches to the bootstrap charge storage element to allow the bootstrap charge storage element to charge while both of the first and second switches are turned on;
the first switch comprising a first reverse bias element in parallel to current terminals of the first switch, wherein said first reverse bias element is arranged to prevent current flow from the power supply to the bootstrap charge storage element when the first switch is turned off;
the second switch comprising a second reverse bias element in parallel to current terminals of the second switch, wherein the second reverse bias element is arranged to prevent current flow from the bootstrap charge storage element to the voltage source when the second switch is turned off;
a charge pump coupled to a control terminal of the second switch; and
a control arrangement coupled to the second switch and arranged to prevent turning on of the second switch while the first switch is turned off.

US Pat. No. 10,116,159

FAMILY OF ISOLATED BATTERY ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM (BESS) WITH MULTIPLE FUNCTIONS FOR DC GRID APPLICATION

The Florida State Univers...

1. A battery energy storage system (BESS) for direct current (DC) grid applications, the BESS comprising:an alternating current (AC) transformer having a primary side and a secondary side;
at least one primary side arm coupled to the primary side of the AC transformer, the at least one primary side arm comprising a plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules and each of the plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules comprising one or more direct current (DC) energy storage units, each of the plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules for converting a direct current (DC) voltage of the one or more DC energy storage units to an AC voltage and the at least one primary side arm for providing a sum of the AC voltages from each of the plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules to the primary side of the AC transformer; and
at least one secondary side arm coupled between the secondary side of the AC transformer and a DC grid voltage bus, the at least one secondary side arm comprising a plurality of cascade connected voltage source converter sub-modules, wherein the at least one second side arm converts an AC voltage at the secondary side of the AC transformer to a DC voltage on the DC grid voltage bus.

US Pat. No. 10,116,158

POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH SELECTIVE SOURCE DEPLETION

Cameron International Cor...

1. A power management system to manage energy sources for use with an energy-powered component, comprising:an energy source detector for each energy source, each energy source detector to measure a state-of-charge of each of the energy sources and to determine the energy source with the lowest state-of-charge;
a controller to designate the energy source with the lowest state-of-charge as a primary energy source and any other energy source as a secondary energy source, the controller to measure an amount of power required by the energy-powered component and determine if the amount of power required by the energy-powered component is above an amount of power available from the primary energy source; and
an energy source selector to selectively enable the primary energy source to provide power to the energy-powered component, or both the primary energy source and the secondary energy source to provide power to the energy-powered component if power required by the energy-powered component is above the amount of power available from the primary energy source.

US Pat. No. 10,116,157

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CHARGING BATTERIES IN MOBILE DEVICES

Xiaomi Inc., Beijing (CN...

1. A method for power charging, comprising:establishing an electrical connection between a first electronic device and a second electronic device;
acquiring, by the second electronic device via the electrical connection, real-time charging voltage information of a battery in the first electronic device, wherein the real-time charging voltage information varies with a charge state of the battery in the first electronic device; and
controlling by the second electronic device, during charging of the battery in the first electronic device by the second electronic device, an output voltage of the second electronic device to charge the battery of the first electronic device according to the real-time charging voltage information,
wherein the real-time charging voltage information for the first electronic device is a real-time internal resistance of the battery in the first electronic device multiplied by a preset current value when the charge state indicates that a present voltage of the battery is smaller than a preset voltage value, wherein an effective internal resistance of the battery varies with the charge state of the battery in the first electronic device; and
the real-time charging voltage information of the battery in the first electronic device is the preset voltage value when the charge state indicates that the present voltage of the battery in the first electronic device is equal to or greater than the preset voltage value.

US Pat. No. 10,116,156

HYBRID BATTERY

SHENZHEN CARKU TECHNOLOGY...

1. A hybrid battery comprising:a first energy storage device (1) for providing a low-current power supply,
a second energy storage device (2) for providing an instantaneous starting current power supply, and
a detection control circuit (5) coupled in parallel with the first energy storage device (1), wherein the detection control circuit (5) detects an output current flowing through the first energy storage device (1),
wherein the detection control circuit (5) is configured to control the first and second energy storage devices to supply power to an automobile according to the output current detected, and wherein when the output current detected is a low current, power is supplied to the automobile by the first energy storage device, and when the output current detected is a high current, power is supplied to the automobile by the second energy storage device, thereby preventing the first energy storage device from being harmed;
wherein negative terminals of the first energy storage device (1) and the second energy storage device (2) are coupled to a negative pole (10), a positive terminal of the first energy storage device (1) is coupled to a first fixed contact (7) of a relay (6), a positive terminal of the second energy storage device (2) is coupled to a second fixed contact (8) of the relay (6), the detection control circuit (5) is coupled to a coil of the relay (6), an input terminal of the relay (6) is coupled to a positive pole (9), and the positive pole (9) and negative pole (10) are coupled to a positive electrode and a negative electrode of an electric load of the automobile, respectively;
wherein the detection control circuit (5) operates in the following manner,
when the output current is a low current, under the control of the detection control circuit, a movable contact (11) of an armature of the relay (6) is connected to the first fixed contact (7) and disconnected from the second fixed contact (8), then the first energy storage device (1) is coupled between the positive pole (9) and the negative pole (10) to supply power to the automobile;
when the output current is a high current, under the control of the detection control circuit, the movable contact (11) of the armature of the relay (6) is disconnected from the first fixed contact (7) but connected to the second fixed contact (8), then the second energy storage device (2) is coupled between the positive pole (9) and the negative pole (10) to supply power to the automobile;
wherein after the movable contact (11) of the armature of the relay (6) is coupled to the second fixed contact (8) for 1 to 10 s, the relay is reset.

US Pat. No. 10,116,155

BATTERY CHARGING CIRCUIT WITH HIGH CAPACITY, CONTROL CIRCUIT AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL METHOD

Chengdu Monolithic Power ...

1. A battery charging circuit, having an input terminal configured to receive an input voltage and an output terminal configured to provide a system voltage, the battery charging circuit comprising:a first switching circuit, having a first terminal and a second terminal, wherein the first switching circuit comprises a first switch, the first terminal of the first switching circuit is coupled to the input terminal of the battery charging circuit, the second terminal of the first switching circuit is coupled to the output terminal of the battery charging circuit;
a second switching circuit, comprising a second switch, wherein the second switching circuit and the first switching circuit are coupled in parallel between the input terminal and the output terminal of the battery charging circuit;
a plurality of feedback control loops, configured to provide a plurality of feedback control signals, wherein each feedback control loop receives a feedback signal, a ramp signal and a reference signal, wherein the plurality of feedback control signals are configured to turn off one of the first switching circuit and the second switching circuit;
a logic integrated circuit, coupled to the plurality of feedback control loops to receive the plurality of feedback control signals, and configured to provide a logic integrated signal based on the plurality of feedback control signals;
a frequency dividing circuit, coupled to the logic integrated circuit to receive the logic integrated signal, and configured to divide the logic integrated signal's pulse into two sequences orderly, wherein one sequence is configured to form a first frequency dividing signal, and the other sequence is configured to form a second frequency dividing signal;
a first duration control circuit, configured to receive a first duration control signal and configured to provide a first duration signal, wherein the first duration signal is adjustable in real-time;
a second duration control circuit, configured to receive a second duration control signal and configured to provide a second duration signal, wherein the second duration signal is adjustable in real-time;
a first logic circuit, configured to receive the first frequency dividing signal and the first duration signal, and configured to provide a first switching control signal to control the first switch of the first switching circuit, wherein the first logic circuit is configured to control an off moment of the first switch according to the first frequency dividing signal, and configured to control an off duration of the first switch according to the first duration signal; and
a second logic circuit, configured to receive the second frequency dividing signal and the second duration signal, and configured to provide a second switching control signal to control the second switch of the second switching circuit, wherein the second logic circuit is configured to control an off moment of the second switch according to the second frequency dividing signal, and configured to control an off duration of the second switch according to the second duration signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,154

BATTERY PACK

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

9. A battery pack, comprising:a battery including at least one battery cell;
a main switch connected between a first node and a second node, the first node connected to the battery, the second node connected to an external terminal;
a first diode connector connected between the first node and a third node;
a second diode connector connected between the second node and the third node;
a controller to manage the battery and to control the main switch;
a voltage converter to convert a voltage of the third node to a driving voltage of the controller and to supply the driving voltage to the controller,
a voltage divider having a fourth node to output a division voltage and including a first resistor between the third node and a fifth node and a second resistor between the fifth node and the fourth node;
a driving switch connected between the third node and the voltage converter, the driving switch to turn on when the driving switch receives the division voltage greater than a third threshold voltage;
a manual switch connected in parallel to the first resistor, the manual switch to be manually operated by an operator; and
a control switch connected in parallel to the first resistor and to be controlled by the controller, and
wherein when the manual switch and the control switch are opened, the driving switch receives the division voltage proportional to the voltage of the third node by a first ratio, and
wherein when the manual switch or the control switch is closed, the fifth node are directly connected with the third node and the driving switch receives the division voltage proportional to the voltage of the third node by a second ratio greater than the first ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,116,153

MOBILE POWER SUPPLY CAPABLE OF CHARGING ITSELF AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Tianjin Synergy Groups Co...

1. A mobile power supply, comprising: a charging and discharging interface, a charging and discharging circuit, a central processor and a battery pack,wherein a first end of the charging and discharging interface is connected to a first end of the charging and discharging circuit, and the charging and discharging interface is configured to connect one of an external charging power supply and an electronic device requiring to be charged or supplied with power;
a second end of the charging and discharging circuit is connected to an anode of the battery pack, and the charging and discharging circuit is configured to perform one of the following:
adjusting a voltage inputted to the battery pack by the external charging power supply to charge the battery pack when the voltage inputted to the battery pack is not matched with a voltage of the battery pack, and
adjusting a voltage output to the electronic device by the battery pack to supply power to or charge the electronic device when the voltage outputted to the electronic device is not matched with a rated voltage of the electronic device;
a cathode of the battery pack is connected to a third end of the charging and discharging circuit; and a fourth end of the charging and discharging circuit is connected to a second end of the charging and discharging interface; and
the central processor is connected to a fifth end of the charging and discharging circuit, and configured to control the charging and discharging circuit to perform one of charging the battery pack, supplying power to the electronic device, and charging the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,116,152

BATTERY CARTRIDGE, BATTERY CARRIER MODULE, AND BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM

1. A battery cartridge, comprising:a carrier case, including an accommodating space for accommodating a rechargeable battery, the accommodating space having a maximum width and a maximum depth, the rechargeable battery having a predetermined width and a predetermined depth; and
a dismantable assembly disposed in the accommodating space of the carrier case, the dismantable assembly including a width adjustment part and a depth adjustment part;
wherein the maximum width and the maximum depth of the accommodating space are respectively greater than the predetermined width and the predetermined depth of the rechargeable battery, one of the width adjustment part and the depth adjustment part being disposed between the carrier case and the rechargeable battery so as to maintain the relative position between the rechargeable battery and the carrier case.

US Pat. No. 10,116,151

BATTERY CHARGER RENTAL KIOSK SYSTEM

BSENG, LLC, Satellite Be...

1. A battery pack device comprising:a housing having a chamfered edge;
a plurality of electrical contacts carried by an outer surface of the housing;
a plurality of electrical connectors carried within the housing;
a moveable control device adapted to position at least one of the plurality of electrical connectors through an aperture located in the housing when activated; and
a battery contained within the housing and in electrical communication with each of the plurality of electrical connectors and the plurality of electrical contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,116,150

CONDUCTIVE PLATE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A conductive plate of a terminal disposed on a side of a coil substrate for wirelessly charging the terminal, comprising:metal members each having a plate shape; and
an insulating layer disposed on a surface of at least one of the metal members to insulate the metal members from each other,
wherein the metal members are coupled to each other to configure a planar contour surface.

US Pat. No. 10,116,149

AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A RECHARGEABLE BATTERY SYSTEM

Elite Power Solutions, LL...

1. An automatic battery control system comprising:a) a battery unit;
b) a microprocessor;
c) a battery management system that measures a state of charge of said battery unit and comprises:
i) an over-voltage output that provides an over-voltage signal to said microprocessor when the battery unit has a measured state of charge greater than an upper threshold limit;
ii) an under-voltage output that provides an under-voltage signal to said microprocessor when the battery unit has a measured state of charge less than a lower threshold limit; and
iii) a current flow output that provides a current signal of current flow direction into or out of said battery to said microprocessor;
d) an automatic battery control circuit coupled to the battery management system, the microprocessor and the battery unit and comprising:
i) a relay comprising:
a single relay contactor extending from an input side to an output side;
a transistor; and
ii) a parallel resistor configured in parallel with the relay contactor from said input side to said output side;
iii) a discharge optocoupler coupled between the automatic battery control circuit and the microprocessor;
iv) a charge optocoupler coupled between the automatic battery control circuit and the microprocessor;
v) a difference amplifier that senses a relay potential that is a voltage potential across the parallel resistor and communicates with the discharge optocoupler and charge optocoupler;
wherein the discharge optocoupler sends a signal to the microprocessor when the relay potential from the inlet to outlet side is positive;
wherein the charge optocoupler sends a signal to the microprocessor when the relay potential from the inlet to outlet side is negative;
wherein with the relay contactor open, a reduction in an output side voltage of the output side is indicated by the discharge optocoupler to the microprocessor, and when the battery is above a threshold discharge limit, the relay contactor is closed by said transistor and the battery unit is connected to a load and place the automatic battery control system in a discharge mode; and
wherein with the relay contactor open, an increase in the output side voltage of the output side is indicated by the charge optocoupler to the microprocessor, and when the battery is below a threshold charge limit, the relay contactor is closed by said transistor to connect the battery unit to a charging power source to place the automatic battery control system in a charge mode.

US Pat. No. 10,116,148

SECONDARY-BATTERY PROTECTING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, SECONDARY BATTERY PROTECTION APPARATUS, AND BATTERY PACK

MITSUMI ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A secondary-battery protecting integrated circuit for protecting a secondary battery by controlling a switch circuit connected in series in a charge/discharge current path between a negative electrode of the secondary battery and a negative terminal connected to a lower voltage side power supply node of a load, the secondary-battery protecting integrated circuit comprising:a power supply terminal connected to a positive electrode of the secondary battery;
a ground terminal connected to a negative electrode of the secondary battery;
an input terminal connected to the negative terminal;
a control terminal at which a control signal is input;
a pull-down resistor connected between the control terminal and the ground terminal;
a voltage monitoring circuit configured to monitor a voltage between the control terminal and the ground terminal;
a voltage comparison circuit configured to compare a voltage at the control terminal with a voltage at the input terminal; and
a control circuit configured to perform an operation in which a discharge operation of the secondary battery is prevented by turning off a discharge control transistor included in the switch circuit in response to the voltage monitoring circuit detecting that the voltage between the control terminal and the ground terminal is greater than a first threshold, wherein, upon stopping the discharge operation, a parasitic current path is generated in which a parasitic current flows in a direction going from the power supply terminal, via the load, a parasitic diode with the lower voltage side power supply node as an anode, the control terminal, and the pull down resistor, to the ground terminal, and wherein the discharge operation of the secondary battery is allowed to be performed by turning on the discharge control transistor in response to the voltage comparison circuit detecting that the voltage at the control terminal is lower than the voltage at the input terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,147

BATTERY MANAGING DEVICE AND BATTERY MANAGING METHOD

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A battery managing device comprising:a first deriver that derives a provisional value indicating a charge state of a battery provided to a vehicle including an electric motor as a drive source;
a second deriver that derives the charge state of the battery based on a condition obtained by comparing the provisional value and a boundary point between a plurality of ranges divided in accordance with an available charged amount of the battery;
a determiner that determines to which of the ranges the battery belongs based on the charge state of the battery derived by the second deriver; and
an instructor that instructs a control on charging and discharging of the battery in accordance with the region determined by the determiner, wherein
the boundary point is set based on a minimum required available charged amount for the battery belonging to at least one specific range of the ranges, and
the minimum required available charged amount is an available capacity of the battery when the battery is in a predetermined degradation state.

US Pat. No. 10,116,146

NON-CONTACT POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND LOCATION-BASED SERVICE SYSTEM USING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A non-contact power transmission device comprising:a power transmission unit configured to contactlessly provide electric power;
a controller configured to provide location information of the non-contact power transmission device; and
a communications unit configured to transmit the location information and product information received from a non-contact power reception device to a server, and receive an approval to transmit electric power to the non-contact power reception device from the server.

US Pat. No. 10,116,145

PERFORMANCE ADJUSTMENT FOR WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER DEVICES

uBeam Inc., Marina Del R...

1. A method comprising:activating a wireless power transfer device;
measuring at least one characteristic of the performance of the activated wireless power transfer device;
determining that the at least one measured characteristic of the activated wireless power transfer device does not meet at least one performance requirement for the wireless power transfer device;
determining at least one adjustment to be applied to the wireless power transfer device, wherein the at least one adjustment is based on the determining that the at least one measured characteristic of the activated wireless power transfer device does not meet at least one performance requirement for the wireless power transfer device, and wherein the at least one adjustment is the removal of mass from the wireless power transfer device, the addition of mass to the wireless power transfer device, the repositioning of one or more components of the wireless power transfer device, or the alteration of stiffness of the wireless power transfer device;
applying the at least one adjustment to the wireless power transfer device;
activating the wireless power transfer device after application of the at least one adjustment;
measuring the at least one characteristic of the performance of the activated wireless power transfer device;
determining that the at least one measured characteristic of the activated wireless power transfer device does not meet the performance requirements associated with a use for the wireless power transfer device, wherein the at least one performance requirement is associated with a use for the wireless power device;
determining that the wireless power transfer device will meet the performance requirements associated with the use after a future manufacturing step; and
indicating that the wireless power transfer device is passed for the use associated with the performance requirements.

US Pat. No. 10,116,144

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER APPARATUS USING ENCLOSURES WITH ENHANCED MAGNETIC FEATURES AND METHODS OF FABRICATING THE SAME

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An apparatus comprising:an enclosure configured to be installed in an equipment rack and comprising a wall;
a coil assembly in the enclosure and comprising a magnetic core and a coil disposed on the magnetic core, the magnetic core positioned adjacent the wall such that a main flux path in the magnetic core is through at least one portion of the wall having a magnetic permeability greater than air, wherein the at least one portion of the wall comprises a region with a first magnetic permeability embedded in another component of the wall having a second magnetic permeability, and wherein the magnetic core is positioned adjacent the region such that the main flux path is directed through the region; and
a wireless power receiver circuit in the enclosure, coupled to the coil and configured to be connected to at least one power bus in the equipment rack.

US Pat. No. 10,116,143

INTEGRATED ANTENNA ARRAYS FOR WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION

Energous Corporation, Sa...

1. An antenna for transmitting focused radio-frequency (RF) waves towards a receiver to provide wireless power thereto, the antenna comprising:an integrated antenna structure, wherein the integrated antenna structure:
is on a multi-layer printed circuit board (PCB);
includes a first group of unit cells with a planar inverted F-antenna (PIFA) transmitting element and a second group of unit cells without a transmitting element, and each respective unit cell of the first and second groups of unit cells is made of an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) material, wherein:
a ground element of the PIFA transmitting element is formed in a bottom layer of the multi-layer printed circuit board and the PIFA transmitting element is formed on a top layer of the multi-layer PCB,
a metal layer associated with the AMC material is formed on a first inner layer of the multi-layer PCB that is between the top and bottom layers, and
a backing metal layer associated with the AMC material is formed on a second inner layer of the multi-layer PCB that is between the top and bottom layers; and
is configured to transmit, via the transmitting element, RF wireless power waves having a wavelength (?) to a wireless power receiver, and
wherein the second group of unit cells without the transmitting element surrounds at least four sides of the first group of unit cells on the multi-layer printed circuit board and is configured to reflect at least some of the RF wireless power towards the wireless power receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,116,141

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ENERGY RESOURCE DELIVERY

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. Apparatus for coordinating energy distribution over a local energy network having at least one generator and a plurality of systems requiring an energy supply for operation, each system in the local network being connected to the at least one generator and/or another system in the network for distribution of energy there-between, the apparatus comprising:an agent for each respective one of the generator and systems, the agent having a data store, a data processor and a data transmitter and receiver for transmission and receipt of data communication with one or more of the other agents,
wherein the data processor of each agent is programmed to recognise a predetermined communication sequence with another agent, where the communication sequence comprises a plurality of communications with the another agent in a plurality of ordered data communication steps required to initiate supply of energy between the generator or system of said agent and the generator or system associated with the another agent, each communication sequence being assigned a future time period for which the energy supply is to be enacted, and wherein the data processor of each agent is programmed to initiate supply of energy between the generator or system of said agent and the generator or system associated with the another agent based on the predetermined communication sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,116,140

MAGNETICALLY COUPLED SOLAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

AMPT, LLC, Fort Collins,...

3. A method of highly efficiently delivering solar energy power comprising the steps of:accepting power from at least one photovoltaic source of power;
tapped magnetically coupled inductor converting said power;
duty cycle controlling said step of tapped magnetically coupled inductor converting said power; and
high photovoltaic efficiency delivering a high efficiency photovoltaic DC output;wherein said step of tapped magnetically coupled inductor converting said power comprises the step of utilizing two pairs of series switches connected at a midpoint to which a tapped magnetically coupled inductor arrangement is connected.

US Pat. No. 10,116,139

SOLAR POWER LIGHTED AUDIO FISHING TACKLE BOX

1. A tackle box having electronic circuitry, electronic power sources for support of lighting, audio, and audio source, comprising:first and second compartments, wherein said first compartment is smaller in volume than said second compartment,
a battery and an AC/DC main power input for providing a DC power source,
a plurality of solar panels, wherein the plurality of solar panels are mounted, located and positioned on and in the box and connected in the power circuit in a manner that some face the sun to provide DC power while the box is open while others face the sun to provide DC power while the box is closed,
a plurality of low power miniature lights mounted in said first compartment and said second compartment of said box and connected through a switch to said DC power source,
an amplifier circuit mounted in said box and connected to said DC power source and to an external source of audio,
a plurality of speakers mounted on or in said box and connected to said amplifier circuit to provide amplified audio output from said external source of audio,
a connector connected to said input of said AC/DC power and mounted on a wall of said box to provide charging power to said battery and to provide substitute power to said DC power source.

US Pat. No. 10,116,138

WIND POWER PLANT, AND A METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A REACTIVE CURRENT INJECTION IN A WIND POWER PLANT

1. A method for controlling a reactive current injection in a wind power plant during a grid fault, comprising:measuring, at a point of measurement between a plurality of wind turbine generators in the wind power plant and a grid, an amount of reactive current provided by the wind power plant to the grid during the grid fault, wherein the amount of reactive current is produced by the wind plant in response to a required reactive current contribution;
determining a difference between the required reactive current contribution and the amount of reactive current provided by the wind power plant to the grid during the grid fault; and
controlling the plurality of wind turbine generators in the wind power plant to generate additional reactive current according to a reactive current reference generated based on the difference.

US Pat. No. 10,116,137

PROGRAMMABLE ELECTRICAL CONTROL DEVICE

SMARTSWITCH PTY LTD., Ar...

1. A method of controlling electrical power supply through at least one electrical power supply output of an electrical switching device, comprising:receiving switching time and/or duration data;
processing the received switching time and/or duration data with one or more of clock times and calendar dates to provide switching time and/or duration comprising at least one supply on period and at least one supply off period; and
controlling electrical power supply through the at least one electrical power supply output in accordance with the switching time and/or duration and in accordance with a position of a manual switch of the electrical switching device such that during the at least one supply on period the electrical power supply output is able to supply electrical power when the manual switch is on and during the at least one supply off period the electrical power supply output is unable to supply electrical power when the manual switch is either on or off.

US Pat. No. 10,116,136

PRIMARY FREQUENCY CONTROL THROUGH SIMULATED DROOP CONTROL WITH ELECTRIC LOADS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A frequency control system providing frequency control for an a.c. electrical power grid operating at an electrical frequency using a fleet of electrical loads powered by the electrical power grid, the frequency control system comprising:a system controller comprising an electronic data processing device programmed to assign load-specific threshold frequencies to electrical loads of the fleet of electrical loads, and to assign load-specific threshold frequencies to electrical loads of the fleet of electrical loads based on State of Charge (SOC) values for the electrical loads that measure energy stored in the electrical loads; and
load controllers controlling the electrical loads of the fleet of electrical loads, wherein each load controller comprises a microprocessor or microcontroller programmed to perform load monitoring and control operations for a controlled electrical load of the fleet of electrical loads including (i) comparing a measurement of the electrical frequency with the threshold frequency assigned to the controlled electrical load and (ii) operating the controlled electrical load based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,116,135

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VOLTAGE CONTROL IN ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS

1. A method of controlling voltage of an electric power system, comprising: providing a system having:a high level substation; a low level substation connected to loads through step transformers; a voltage control module for each substation including a high voltage control module, a low voltage control module, on load tap controllers (OLTC), and turbo generators equipped with automatic voltage regulators; and a reactive power controller comprising a mega-volt-ampere reactive (VAR) export/import control module;
determining the operating mode of the voltage control module based on an actual power network configuration across the high level substation and the low level substation;
calculating a proportional-integral-derivative response of the high voltage control module from a deviation of a voltage variable of the high voltage control module to manipulate set points of the automatic voltage regulators; counteracting potentially destabilizing interactions between the high voltage control module and the low voltage control module by calculating a set point correction coefficient and sending the set point correction coefficient to the low level voltage control module; and controlling the low level voltage substation with a voltage control function;
wherein the set points for the automatic voltage regulators connected to the high level substation are determined by: sensing a high level voltage for the high level substation;
defining a first primary process control variable by constructing a function to calculate average high level bus voltage;
using the primary process control variable to calculate a primary control output of the automatic voltage regulators; defining a second primary process control variable for the export/import control module; defining set points for the export/import control module;
using the second primary process variable and the set points for the export/import control module to calculate a secondary control output of the automatic voltage regulators; and
adding the primary control output and the secondary control output to obtain set points for the automatic voltage regulators.

US Pat. No. 10,116,133

ELECTRICAL MEANS TO LIMIT CURRENT IN BATTERY OPERATED PATIENT-CONNECTED MEDICAL DEVICES

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A system for electrically limiting leakage current in a patient-connected medical device, comprising:a first set of one or more switching devices that selectively connect a first power output of a battery compartment of the patient-connected medical device with a first power input of electronic components of the patient-connected medical device controlled directly by a first polarity of input voltage from the battery compartment; and,
a second set of one or more switching devices different from the first set of one or more switching devices that selectively connect a second power output of the battery compartment of the patient-connected medical device with a second power input of the electronic components controlled directly by a second polarity of the input voltage, wherein the first polarity is opposite the second polarity;
wherein the first and second sets of one or more switching devices are disposed on opposing sides of the battery compartment.

US Pat. No. 10,116,132

DEVICE FOR EFFICIENT DIRECT CURRENT INTERRUPTION

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A direct current (DC) circuit breaker comprising:a first line in which a first high-speed switch and a power semiconductor switch are connected in series;
at least one second line, each of the at least one second line including a plurality of second high-speed switches, a plurality of pairs and a resistor which are connected in series, each of the pairs including a first non-linear resistor and a power fuse connected in parallel with the first non-linear resistor;
a third line including a second non-linear resistor;
a current measuring unit disposed before the first line, the second line, and the third line which are connected in parallel; and
a fast fault detector (FFD) connected to the current measuring unit and configured to transmit an opening signal to the first high-speed switch and the second high-speed switches and the power semiconductor switch,
wherein at least one of the plurality of second high-speed switches are disposed in one end of the pairs, and the other at least one of the plurality of second high-speed switches are disposed in the other end of the pairs,
wherein, in a fault-current interruption mode, the fast fault detector is configured to output a switching control signal such that the first high-speed switch and the second high-speed switch are opened first, and then the power semiconductor switch is opened after a first predetermined time period, and
wherein, when the power semiconductor switch is opened and a second predetermined time period has elapsed, a fault-current is directed to flow to the third line.

US Pat. No. 10,116,131

OVER-CURRENT PROTECTION CIRCUITS AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DEVICES

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. An over-current protection circuit, comprising:a detection circuit, a first protection branch, and a second protection branch, the detection circuit is configured for detecting a current of an output end of the over-current protection circuit in a real-time manner, and for obtaining a first detection voltage in accordance with the current of the output end of the over-current protection circuit, the first protection branch is configured for comparing the first detection voltage and a first reference voltage, when the first detection voltage is smaller than the first reference voltage, the second protection branch obtains a reference detection voltage in accordance with the first detection voltage of a first normal operation, when the first detection voltage is smaller than the first reference voltage, the detection circuit detects the current of the output end of the over-current protection circuit in a real-time manner, and obtains a second detection voltage in accordance with the current of the output end of the over-current protection circuit, the second protection branch compares the second detection voltage and a second reference voltage, when the second detection voltage is greater than or equals to the second reference voltage, the second protection branch cuts off the current inputted to the input end of the over-current protection circuit, wherein the second reference voltage equals to a sum of the reference detection voltage plus a predetermined initial value, and the predetermined initial value is a positive number.

US Pat. No. 10,116,130

DISTRIBUTION BOARD, POWER CONSUMPTION MANAGING SYSTEM, AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING DISTRIBUTION BOARD AND POWER CONSUMPTION MANAGING SYSTEM

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A distribution board comprising:a main bar that is connected to a power supply line;
a branch bar that is branched from the main bar, the branch bar supplying power to a load;
a breaker that is electrically connected to the branch bar, the breaker being configured to be electrically connected to the load, the breaker limiting to a predetermined set value a current to be supplied to the load; and
a display unit that is provided to the branched bar or the breaker, the display unit indicating a designation of the load that is planned to be connected to the breaker.

US Pat. No. 10,116,129

EOS EVENT DETECTION CIRCUIT FOR DETECTING EOS EVENT ON SUPPLY VOLTAGE RAIL COUPLED TO POWER SUPPLY

WESTERN DIGITAL TECHNOLOG...

1. An EOS event detection circuit coupled to a power supply via a supply voltage rail, the EOS event detection circuit comprising:a plurality of sub-circuits coupled to the supply voltage rail, each sub-circuit comprising:
a first transistor;
a Zener diode coupled between the supply voltage rail and a first terminal of the first transistor; and
a fusible element coupled between a second terminal of the first transistor and the supply voltage rail;
wherein the first transistor is configured to cause the fusible element to open when an EOS event occurring on the supply voltage rail exceeds a reverse breakdown voltage of the Zener diode; and
wherein the Zener diode in each sub-circuit has a different reverse breakdown voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,116,128

UNIVERSAL WALL BOX THREAD REPAIR CLIP

1. A universal wall box thread repair clip, comprising:a front portion having at least a first opening and a second opening that are each sized to threadably engage a wall box screw;
an outer support portion extending from a first side of the front portion and configured to bear against an outer surface of a wall box;
at least one retention leg extending from a second side of the front portion, the second side being opposite the first side of the front portion and having a tooth formed at a distal end of the at least one retention leg; and
wherein the first opening of the front portion is configured to align with a screw hole in a wall box of a first type when the at least one retention leg is engaged with features of the wall box of the first type, and wherein the second opening of the front portion is configured to align with a screw hole in a wall box of a second type when the at least one retention leg is engaged with features of the wall box of the second type, and wherein the features of the wall box of the first type are different than the features of the wall box of the second type.

US Pat. No. 10,116,127

JUNCTION BOXES WITH WRAP-AROUND COMPARTMENTS

Elemental LED, Inc., Ren...

1. A junction box, comprising:a base having a bottom and a sidewall arising from the bottom;
a driver cap, the driver cap having
a top,
sidewalls depending from the top, and
partition portions extending outwardly from the sidewalls, the partition portions being arranged so as to extend to the sidewall of the base and thereby divide the base into at least two compartments that wrap around the driver cap; and
a cover sized and adapted to engage the base and to form a closed enclosure with the base.

US Pat. No. 10,116,126

OUTDOOR UNIT OF AIR CONDITIONER

Hitachi-Johnson Controls ...

1. An outdoor unit of an air conditioner, comprising:an electrical box;
a housing that covers the electrical box to form an contour;
an electrical box cover member that covers components inside the electrical box; and
a housing cover that covers the electrical box cover member from outside,
wherein the electrical box cover member includes a work opening and has an opening cover that covers the work opening, and wherein the housing cover abuts on the opening cover in a state of the opening cover being open.

US Pat. No. 10,116,124

ION GENERATOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

7. An ion generator, comprising an ion generating module, a high voltage generator applying a high voltage to the ion generating module, and a housing in which the ion generating module and the high voltage generator are installed, wherein the ion generating module comprises: a plastic plate; a copper discharge electrode formed on a first surface of the plastic plate, the copper discharge electrode having at least one discharge needle; a ground electrode formed on an opposite surface of the plastic plate; and a metal coating layer coated on the copper discharge electrode, and wherein the high voltage generator comprises a printed circuit board, a winding-type transformer formed on the printed circuit board, and a transformer housing formed on the printed circuit board and surrounding the winding-type transformer.

US Pat. No. 10,116,123

INSPECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS OF SPARK PLUG INSULATOR

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. An inspection method of an insulator for a spark plug, the insulator having an axial hole formed therethrough in a direction of an axis of the insulator and including a collar portion, a rear body portion located in rear of the collar portion and made smaller in diameter than the collar portion and a leg portion located in front of the collar portion and made smaller in diameter than the collar portion, the inspection method comprising:setting a point in the direction of the axis on the leg portion as a first measurement point and setting a point in the direction of the axis on any portion of the insulator other than the leg portion as a second measurement point;
performing measurement of a distance in a radial direction of the insulator between an outer circumferential surface of the leg portion at the first measurement point and an outer circumferential surface of the any portion of the insulator other than the leg portion at the second measurement point;
causing rotation of the insulator about the axis in a state that at least one of the collar portion and the rear body portion of the insulator is held with a holding member, wherein the measurement is performed at a plurality of positions in a circumferential direction of the insulator, with no contact to the leg portion and the any portion of the insulator other than the leg portion, by changing the position of the measurement in accordance with the rotation of the insulator;
determining, as a circular runout, a difference between maximum and minimum values among results of the measurement of the distance at the plurality of positions; and
making pass/fail judgment of the insulator based on the determined circular runout.

US Pat. No. 10,116,121

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, comprising:a step of forming, on a semiconductor substrate, a mesa stripe including an active layer, and a semiconductor layer covering the mesa stripe;
a masking step of forming, on the semiconductor layer, a mask pattern through which the semiconductor layer is exposed on opposite sides of the mesa stripe;
an isotropic etching step of performing isotropic etching on the semiconductor layer exposed through the mask pattern so that concaves having a circular-arc sectional shape are formed in the semiconductor layer;
an anisotropic etching step of performing anisotropic etching on the semiconductor layer through the mask pattern after the isotropic etching step so that etching progresses to the semiconductor substrate; and
a step of separating the semiconductor substrate into chips after the anisotropic etching step, wherein
the steps of isotropic etching and anisotropic etching form trenches through the semiconductor layer such that bottom surfaces of the trenches are concaves having a circular-arc sectional shape and side surfaces of the trenches are perpendicular to the semiconductor substrate, and
the circular-arc sectional shape of the bottom surfaces of the trenches inhibits splitting of the semiconductor substrate from a point on peripheries of the trenches during the step of separating the semiconductor substrate into chips.

US Pat. No. 10,116,120

SEMICONDUCTOR MULTILAYER FILM MIRROR, VERTICAL CAVITY TYPE LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT USING THE MIRROR, AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING THE MIRROR AND THE ELEMENT

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A semiconductor multilayer film mirror comprising:a plurality of pairs of an InAlN-based semiconductor film and a GaN-based semiconductor film, where each pair of the InAlN-based semiconductor film and the GaN-based semiconductor film is layered in a cyclic fashion, the InAlN-based semiconductor film having an In composition of less than 18 at %; and
a thin GaN cap layer formed on the InAlN-based semiconductor film and an AlGaN layer formed on the thin GaN cap layer, between each pair of the InAlN-based semiconductor film and the GaN-based semiconductor film.

US Pat. No. 10,116,119

COMPACT LASER DEVICE

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A laser device, comprising:between two and four mesas provided on one semiconductor chip and electrically connected in parallel with each; and
a driver configured to electrically drive the mesas,
wherein the driver is configured to provide a defined threshold voltage to the between two to four mesas, and the between two to four mesas are configured so that in response to receiving the defined threshold voltage they emit laser light at the same time as each other, and
wherein each mesas has an active diameter between 7 ?m and 9 ?m,
wherein the semiconductor chip has a side length of less than 150 ?m, and
wherein the laser device is adapted to emit laser light with an optional power, wherein the optical power linearly depends on the provided electrical current when driven at an electrical current between 3 mA and 12 mA.

US Pat. No. 10,116,118

OPTICAL TRANSMITTER AND SEMICONDUCTOR LASER TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An optical transmitter comprising:a semiconductor laser;
a thermoelement connected with said semiconductor laser, to heat or cool said semiconductor laser with heat generated or cooled by a current;
a thermistor to detect temperature of said semiconductor laser via said thermoelement;
a laser drive circuit to drive said semiconductor laser;
a thermoelement driving circuit to acquire information about the temperature from said thermistor, receive a set value, and control a current flowing through said thermoelement in such a way that the information about the temperature detected by said thermistor becomes equal to the set value; and
a controller to receive monitor current information from the semiconductor laser, temperature information from the thermistor, and laser driving current information from the laser drive circuit,
wherein when a monitor temperature based on the temperature information from the thermistor has become higher than or equal to a preset first threshold on a high temperature side of a temperature threshold of the set value, the controller raises the set value in such a way that the set value becomes equal to the temperature detected by the thermistor or in such a way that a temperature by which the semiconductor laser needs to be cooled by the thermoelement reached a preset second threshold,
when a laser driving current based on the laser driving current information has become larger than or equal to a preset third threshold due to an increase in the set value, the controller corrects the set value so as to lower the set value,
when optical output power based on the monitor current information has become larger than or equal to a preset fourth threshold, the controller corrects and varies the set value after the correction so as to lower the set value,
when the monitor temperature based on the temperature information from the thermistor has become lower than or equal to a preset fifth threshold on a low temperature side of a temperature threshold of the set value, the controller lowers the set value in such a way that the set value becomes equal to the temperature detected by the thermistor or in such a way that a temperature by which the semiconductor laser needs to be heated by the thermoelement reaches a preset sixth threshold, and
when the optical output power based on the monitor current information has become smaller than or equal to a preset seventh threshold do to a decrease in the set value, the controller corrects and varies the set value so as to raise the set value.

US Pat. No. 10,116,117

LD MODULE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An LD module, comprising:a multi-mode laser diode, including an active layer, which emits a laser beam from an exit end surface;
a multi-mode fiber, including a core, whose entrance end surface the laser beam enters; and
an optical system provided between the multi-mode laser diode and the multi-mode fiber,
the optical system including:
a collimating lens configured to refract, within a plane parallel to the active layer, the laser beam which is divergent light emitted from the multi-mode laser diode so as to convert the laser beam into parallel light; and
a light-converging lens configured to convert, into convergent light, the parallel light which has exited the collimating lens,
the multi-mode laser diode having an emitter width greater than a diameter, of the core, in the entrance end surface of the multi-mode fiber,
the optical system being configured to converge the laser beam so that a diameter, of the laser beam, in the entrance end surface of the multi-mode fiber becomes smaller than the diameter, of the core, in the entrance end surface of the multi-mode fiber,
the multi-mode laser diode being configured so that a beam parameter product of the laser beam emitted from the multi-mode laser diode shows a local minimal value which changes in accordance with the emitter width of the multi-mode laser diode, the local minimal value being equal to or smaller than a beam parameter product of the multi-mode fiber,
the emitter width of the multi-mode laser diode being set so that the beam parameter product of the laser beam emitted from the multi-mode laser diode is equal to or smaller than the beam parameter product of the multi-mode fiber, the LD module further comprising:
a mirror configured to reflect and guide, to the multi-mode fiber, a laser beam emitted from the multi-mode laser diode,
the multi-mode fiber being provided so that a central axis of the multi-mode fiber is orthogonal to an optical axis of the laser beam emitted from the multi-mode laser diode.

US Pat. No. 10,116,115

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT IMPLEMENTING A VCSEL ARRAY OR VCSEL DEVICE

Geoff W. Taylor, Wilton,...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a plurality of vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) devices arranged in a two-dimensional array, wherein the plurality of VCSEL devices is formed from a layer structure that includes at least one bottom n-type layer, at least one intermediate p-type layer formed above the at least one bottom n-type layer, an n-type modulation doped quantum well structure formed above the at least one intermediate p-type layer, at least one spacer layer formed between the at least one intermediate p-type layer and the n-type modulation doped quantum well structure, and at least one top p-type layer formed above the n-type modulation doped quantum well structure;
an annealed oxygen implant region disposed vertically in the layer structure within the at least one spacer layer and configured to surround and extend laterally in a continuous manner between the plurality of VCSEL devices;
an annealed n-type ion implant region disposed vertically in the layer structure within the top p-type spacer layer and configured to overlie the annealed oxygen implant region and surround and extend laterally in a continuous manner between the plurality of VCSEL devices;
a common anode that contacts the at least one top p-type layer; and
a common cathode that contacts the at least one bottom n-type layer;
wherein the at least one intermediate p-type layer has a built-in hole charge Qp, the at least one bottom n-type layer has a built-in electron charge Qn, and the built-in hole charge Qp relative to the built-in electron charge Qn is configured for diode current-voltage characteristics of the plurality of VCSEL devices based on voltages applied to the common anode and the common cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,116,114

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING A HIGH LASER POWER

COMPAGNIE INDUSTRIELLE DE...

1. Method for generating a high laser power by means of a plurality of elementary laser beams (fi) having the same frequencies but having different phases, a method according to which:the relative phase (?i) of each of said elementary laser beams (fi) is transformed into a light-intensity level (?Ii) by a phase-contrast filtering applying a function matrix equation M;
the light-intensity level (?Ii) thus obtained for each of said elementary laser beams (fi) is transformed into a phase-correction value (???i); and
said phase-correction values (???i) are respectively applied to the elementary laser beams (fi),wherein:a) laser beam portions (pi) are taken respectively from said elementary laser beams (fi), said laser beam portions (pi) constituting complex optical fields (Ai) that have respectively the same relative phase (?i) as the elementary laser beams (fi) from which they originate and wherein the set A that they form is subjected to phase-contrast filtering according to the matrix equation B=M.A in order to form a set B of filtered complex optical fields (Bi) corresponding to the filtered portions of the laser beam portions (pi);
b) the intensities (ai) of the complex fields (Ai) formed by said laser beam portions (pi) are determined before filtering;
c) the intensities (bi) of the complex fields (Bi) formed by said laser beam portions (pi) are determined after filtering;
d) the ideal case is considered where all the relative phases (?i) of the elementary laser beams (fi) are identical and where the complex set A becomes a pure real set Aideal solely formed from the intensities (ai) determined at step b) and the corresponding filtered set Bideal is calculated by means of the matrix equation Bideal=M.Aideal, in order to determine the corresponding phases (?i) of the filtered complex fields in this ideal case;
e) the phases (?i) calculated at step d) are attributed to the filtered complex fields (Bi) in order to form a theoretical filtered set Bt and a theoretical set At is calculated before corresponding filtering by the inverse matrix equation At=M?1.Bt, in order to determine the phases (??i) of the complex optical fields constituting this theoretical set At before filtering; and
f) the sign of said phases (??i) of the theoretical set At is reversed and these reversed-sign phases (???i) are used as phase-correction values.

US Pat. No. 10,116,113

PLANAR WAVEGUIDE LASER APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A planar waveguide laser apparatus comprising:a planar waveguide comprising a core formed from a laser medium for absorbing pump light and claddings bonded to an upper surface and a lower surface of the core, each cladding having a smaller refractive index than the laser medium;
a pump light generation source for emitting the pump light to a side surface of the core; and
laser light reflection films formed on, out of four side surfaces of the core, two opposite side surfaces that are different from the side surface to which the pump light is emitted by the pump light generation source, wherein
a structure of at least one side surface of two opposite side surfaces, out of four side surfaces of the planar waveguide, that are different from the side surface to which the pump light is emitted by the pump light generation source, the at least one side surface including at least one cladding surface and a core surface, and the structure of the at least one side surface is a ridge structure in which a part of the at least one side surface is recessed.

US Pat. No. 10,116,112

LASER OSCILLATOR

VIA MECHANICS, LTD., Kan...

1. A laser oscillator in which a pair of electrodes is disposed in a housing into which a gas is sealed, a waveguide is formed by the pair of electrodes, and a laser beam is configured to be extracted from an end of the housing, the laser oscillator comprising:a mirror holder directly attached to an end of one of the pair of electrodes, the end serving as an end of the waveguide, so that the mirror holder is capable of sliding on a surface of the end of the one of the pair of electrodes in a vertical direction with respect to a direction of the laser beam; and
a reflection mirror attached to the mirror holder and reflecting a laser beam generated in the waveguide,
wherein a passage through which a cooling medium is passed is formed inside each of the pair of electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,116,111

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR FILAMENT-BASED WHITE LIGHT GENERATION

DEUTSCHES ELEKTRONEN-SYNC...

1. A method of generating white light pulses with a white light generation device, comprising the steps of:coupling pump laser pulses into a white light generation crystal,
generating the white light pulses by an optically non-linear conversion of the pump laser pulses in the white light generation crystal,
detecting at least one pulse characteristic of at least one of the pump laser pulses and the white light pulses, wherein the at least one pulse characteristic is capable of indicating a normal working range of the white light generation crystal; and
controlling the white light generation device using a control loop device by adjusting an axial focus position of the pump laser pulses along a propagation axis of a beam in the white light generation crystal in dependency on a deviation of the at least one pulse characteristic of the at least one pulse characteristic and at least one normal working range characteristic indicating the normal working range of the white light generation crystal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,110

ROTOR ARRANGEMENT FOR A SLIP RING ASSEMBLY AND ROTARY COUPLING ARRANGEMENT COMPRISING A ROTOR ARRANGEMENT OF THIS KIND

CARL ZEISS INDUSTRIELLE M...

1. A rotor arrangement for a slip ring assembly, said rotor arrangement comprising a shaft element and at least one contact ring, wherein the shaft element is at least partially in the form of a hollow shaft with a hollow interior and a casing wall, wherein the shaft element has a middle section, wherein each contact ring is arranged on the shaft element in the middle section, wherein the middle section has at least one cutout through the casing wall into the interior, wherein each contact ring is connected to a cable element which is guided through one of the at least one cutout into the interior, and wherein the shaft element has a first end section with an outer circumferential cross section for a rotationally fixed coupling, wherein the middle section is offset in relation to the first end section by a flange, wherein the flange has an outside diameter which is larger than a smallest outside diameter of the first end section and larger than an outside diameter of the middle section, wherein a smallest outside diameter of the first end section is larger than an outside diameter of the middle section, wherein the outer circumferential cross section of the first end section is in the form of a profile cross section, wherein the shaft element is of integral design, wherein the rotor arrangement has more than one contact ring, wherein an insulating ring which electrically insulates adjacent contact rings from one another is arranged between two adjacent contact rings in each case, and wherein a further electrically insulating ring is arranged on the middle section adjacent the flange.

US Pat. No. 10,116,109

THREADED LAMP SOCKET CONVERSION CONNECTOR

Rich Brand Industries Ltd...

1. A threaded lamp socket conversion connector, comprising,a metal shell having a metal contact point at top portion of said metal shell, an insulator surrounding the metal contact point, said metal shell further having a plurality of locking tabs at its bottom portion, said metal shell has circular outer threads along the outside surface,
a first terminal piece and a second terminal piece, and
a plastic main body for receiving and attaching to said metal shell and having a connection piece situated inside a connection port, said plastic main body further having a flange-like edge protrusion,
wherein the top end of the first terminal piece is in contact with said metal shell and the bottom end of said first terminal piece is inserted into the connection piece, and wherein the top end of the second terminal piece is in contact with the metal contact point, and the bottom end of said second terminal piece is inserted into the connection piece, the first terminal piece and the second terminal piece forming the positive and negative electrodes for the conversion lamp socket connector; and
wherein the plastic main body further comprises a cylindrical neck sized to snugly fit into the metal shell, said cylindrical neck further having a plurality of locking notches located near the edge protrusion, whereby said locking notches serve to receive the matching locking tabs of the metal shell and securing the plastic main body together with the metal shell.

US Pat. No. 10,116,108

TRACK-LIGHTING ADAPTER WITH UNIVERSAL HOUSING

Green Creative Ltd., Hon...

1. A track-light system comprising a universal housing for connecting to a light engine, the universal housing including at least two different sets of spaced electrical contacts that electrically couple to different configurations of matched electrical contacts on at least two different track-light adapter cap styles to form at least two different track-light adapter power units, wherein the at least two different track-light adapter cap styles have track studs with slide contacts that are electrically coupled to the matched electrical contacts and that slidably and electrically engage different power track styles to power the light engine.

US Pat. No. 10,116,107

CONNECTOR PRODUCTION METHOD AND CONNECTOR

JAPAN AVIATION ELECTRONIC...

1. A connector production method comprising:holding a flat plate conductor with a first insulator;
joining central portions of one or more contacts to the first insulator such that front end portions of the one or more contacts are exposed at a front part of the first insulator and rear end portions of the one or more contacts project from a rear part of the first insulator;
placing a shell made of metal over the first insulator such that the shell covers outer peripheral portions of the one or more contacts;
fixing and electrically connecting the shell to the flat plate conductor; and
forming a second insulator such that the second insulator closes the rear part of the first insulator and a rear part of the shell while the rear end portions of the one or more contacts project from the second insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,116,106

CUSHION-MOUNTED ELECTRICAL OUTLETS

1. A cushion-mountable electrical outlet system for furniture, said electrical outlet system comprising:a generally flat body having a proximal end portion configured to be positioned between a cushion and a panel of a furniture article that is proximate the cushion, said flat body having an upright distal end portion configured to be positioned alongside an upright side edge of the cushion, and said flat body having a deformable region below said upright distal end portion;
an electrical outlet assembly mounted at said distal end portion of said flat body and positionable so as to be accessible to a user supported at the cushion;
an electrical outlet mounted at said electrical outlet assembly and facing generally upwardly; and
an electrical cord in electrical communication with said electrical outlet and exiting said electrical outlet assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,116,105

ILLUMINATED PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS FOR CONNECTORS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A tongue of an electrical connector, the tongue comprising:a light-emitting diode;
a first plurality of contacts on a top side of the tongue, each to form an electrical connection with a corresponding contact of a corresponding connector when the corresponding connector and the electrical connector are mated; and
a second plurality of contacts on a bottom side of the tongue, each to form an electrical connection with a corresponding contact of the corresponding connector when the corresponding connector and the electrical connector are mated,
wherein the tongue forms a light guide from the light-emitting diode to a front edge of the tongue such that light provided by the light-emitting diode passes below the first plurality of contacts and above the second plurality of contacts, the light exiting through the front edge of the tongue,
wherein the tongue is arranged to fit in an opening in the corresponding connector when the corresponding connector and the electrical connector are mated, and
wherein the light-emitting diode is located on the tongue.

US Pat. No. 10,116,103

POWER CONNECTOR WITH INTEGRATED DISCONNECT

1. A connector comprising:a. a first half and a second half,
b. a first axis for the first half,
c. a second axis defined for the second half,
d. the first half being able to mate with the second half, and transmit a first group of n electrical signals across from the first half to the second half, and then to a second group of n electrical signals, when the first and the second axis are parallel, but separated by no more than a distance M, where n?1,
e. a first contact, attached to the first half and with its largest dimension perpendicular to the first axis as D, and mounted along the first axis,
f. a second contact, attached to the second half and with its largest dimension perpendicular to the second axis as d, and mounted along the second axis,
g. with (D+d)/2 h. a first electrical energy source having a first and a second terminal, with its first terminal connected to the first contact,
i. a first form-A relay with a first and second switching terminal, and with an energizing coil having a third and fourth terminal,
j. the third terminal of the first relay, connected to the second contact,
k. the second terminal of the first relay, connected to one of the electrical signals from the first group of n signals.

US Pat. No. 10,116,101

CABLE CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY HAVING A THERMISTOR AFFIXED TO A PROTECTIVE COVER AND METHOD OF MAKING THE CABLE CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. A cable connector assembly comprising:a mating unit;
a cable;
a printed circuit board (PCB) interconnected between the mating unit and the cable;
a protective cover and a thermistor affixed to the protective cover, the protective cover and the thermistor being mounted on the PCB;
a metal shell enclosing the PCB, a rear of the mating unit, and a front of the cable;
an insulative inner cover over-molding the PCB, the metal shell, the rear of the mating unit, and the front of the cable; and
an insulative outer cover over-molding the insulative inner cover; wherein
the thermistor is installed in series with a circuit and used to protect against overcurrent conditions; the thermistor is adhered to the protective cover, thereby permitting any expansion of the thermistor; wherein
the metal shell includes a first shell part and a second shell part fastened together; the first shell part and the second shell parts include main portions having extended arms to wrap around the mating unit, side portions cooperating with the main portions to surround the PCB, and linking portions extending from the corresponding side portions or main portions to fastening portions crimping the cable.

US Pat. No. 10,116,099

DEVICES FOR BIASINGLY MAINTAINING A PORT GROUND PATH

PPC BROADBAND, INC., Eas...

1. A device for biasingly forming a first ground path between a collar portion and a post portion and biasingly forming a second ground path between the post portion and a coupler portion when a coaxial cable connector moves toward a port from a first port-engaged position to a second port-engaged position comprising:a biasing portion configured to biasingly urge the collar portion against the post portion of the coaxial cable connector so as to biasingly form a first electrical ground path between the coaxial cable connector and the port during operation of the coaxial cable connector when the coaxial cable connector moves toward the port from the first port-engaged position to the second port-engaged position;
wherein the biasing portion is configured to biasingly urge the post portion against the coupler portion of the coaxial cable connector so as to biasingly form the second ground path between the post portion and the coupler portion when the coaxial cable connector moves toward the port from the first port-engaged position to the second port-engaged position;
wherein the collar portion includes a flange portion configured to engage the post portion of the coaxial cable connector;
wherein the biasing portion is configured to at least partially encircle a first insulator body portion;
wherein the biasing portion includes a forward end configured to be biased against the collar portion and a rearward end configured to engage a second insulator body portion;
wherein the first insulator body portion is configured to be disposed in a first portion of an outer housing and engage the flange portion;
wherein the second insulator body portion is configured to be disposed in a second portion of the outer housing;
wherein the biasing portion is configured to bias the collar portion against the post portion of the coaxial cable connector when the coaxial cable connector is moved related to the outer housing so as to biasingly form the first electrical ground path between the coaxial cable connector and the port during operation of the coaxial cable connector when the coaxial cable connector moves toward the port from the first port-engaged position to the second port-engaged position;
wherein the biasing portion is configured to bias the post portion against the coupler portion when the coaxial cable connector is moved relative to the outer housing so as to biasingly form the second ground path between the post portion and the coupler portion when the coaxial cable connector moves toward the port from the first port-engaged position to the second port-engaged position;
wherein the biasing portion comprises a biasing member, the collar portion comprises a collar member, the post portion comprises a post member, and the coupler portion comprises a coupler member;
wherein the biasing member, the collar member, the post member, and the coupler member are each separate components from one another;
wherein the collar portion, the post portion, and the coupler portion are each conductive;
wherein the biasing portion is configured to biasingly restrain axial movement of the second insulator body portion relative to the second portion of the outer housing when the coaxial cable connector moves toward the port from the first port-engaged position to the second port-engaged position;
wherein the second portion of the outer housing includes a stopper portion configured to biasingly restrain axial movement of the second insulator body portion relative to the second portion of the outer housing when the coaxial cable connector moves toward the port from the first port-engaged position to the second port-engaged position;
wherein the biasing portion is configured to biasingly urge the post portion against the coupler portion of the coaxial cable connector so as to biasingly form the second ground path between the post portion and the coupler portion when the coaxial cable connector moves toward the port from the first port-engaged position to the second port-engaged position and before the cable connector has moved to a fully tightened position on the port;
wherein the port comprises a port assembly;
wherein the port assembly includes the collar portion;
wherein the port assembly includes the first and second insulator body portions;
wherein the port assembly includes the outer housing;
wherein the outer housing is configured to at least partially encircle the collar portion; and
wherein the coaxial cable connector comprises a coaxial cable connector assembly that includes the post portion and the coupler portion.

US Pat. No. 10,116,098

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING A SHIELDING SHELL AND A METALLIC FRAME EXTENDING REARWARD BEYOND THE SHIELDING SHELL TO SHIELD EXPOSED CONTACT TAILS

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a metallic frame having a main part, a board at a rear of the main part, and an upper shield behind the board;
an upper and lower contact modules arranged at two opposite sides of the metallic frame main part, each contact module having a row of contacts, each contact having a contacting portion, an intermediate portion, and a tail;
an insulator molded to the metallic frame and the contact modules to complete an insulative housing, the insulative housing having a base and a tongue, the tongue exposing respective contacting portions of the upper and lower contact modules to two opposite surfaces thereof;
a shielding shell accommodating the board of the metallic frame and enclosing the insulative housing, the contact tails of at least one of the upper and lower contact modules extending rearward beyond a rear end of the shielding shell; wherein
the upper shield of the metallic frame shields the contact tails of the at least one contact module.

US Pat. No. 10,116,097

SHIELD TERMINAL AND OUTER CONDUCTOR TERMINAL

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A shield terminal, comprising:an inner conductor terminal;
a dielectric configured to accommodate the inner conductor terminal;
an outer conductor terminal configured to surround the dielectric;
a tubular fitting formed in a front end part of the outer conductor terminal in an axial direction;
a resilient contact having a rear end in the axial direction integrally connected to the tubular fitting; and
an interlocking region connected to the front end of the resilient contact and to areas of the tubular fitting offset circumferentially from the resilient contact so that the interlocking region is radially resiliently deflectable with a front end thereof being a free end, wherein
the tubular fitting is formed with a non-interlocking region offset from the resilient contact in a circumferential direction and spaced from the interlocking region in the circumferential direction by a slit.

US Pat. No. 10,116,096

INTERCONNECT SYSTEM WITH FRICTION FIT BACKSHELL

1. An interconnect system, comprising:a connector, the connector comprises a threaded distal coupling portion;
an adapter ring, the adapter ring comprises a threaded proximal coupling portion and a non-threaded distal coupling portion; and
a backshell, the backshell comprises a proximal coupling portion and a port;
wherein the threaded proximal coupling portion of the adapter ring and the threaded distal coupling portion of the connector are mechanically attached;
wherein the non-threaded distal coupling portion of the adapter ring is positioned within the proximal coupling portion of the backshell; and
wherein a wire bundle enters the backshell through the port, passes through the adapter ring, and terminates at the connector.

US Pat. No. 10,116,095

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH POSITION ASSURANCE DEVICE

Delphi Technologies, Inc....

1. An electrical connector, comprising;a first-housing having two parallel actuation-ribs extending from an outer-surface of the first-housing, said two parallel actuation-ribs aligned parallel to a longitudinal mating-axis of the electrical connector;
a second-housing configured to mate with the first-housing, said second-housing includes two opposing lugs projecting from a top-surface of the second-housing; and
a connector-position-assurance (CPA) device, said CPA device slideably mounted to the second-housing and moveable along the longitudinal mating-axis from a pre-stage-position to a latched-position, said CPA device includes two parallel latching-arms that engage the two opposing lugs at distal-ends of the two parallel latching-arms such that a movement of the CPA device is inhibited in the pre-stage-position, wherein the two parallel latching-arms are in a relaxed-state when in said pre-stage-position, wherein the two parallel actuation-ribs of the first-housing move beyond the two opposing lugs of the second-housing and disengage the two parallel latching-arms from the two opposing lugs by flexing the two parallel latching-arms into a stressed-state when the first-housing is mated with the second-housing, thereby enabling the CPA device to be moved from the pre-stage-position to the latched-position, and wherein the two parallel latching-arms return to the relaxed-state when in the CPA device is in the latched-position, wherein the CPA device further includes locking-ribs extending from an upper-surface of the CPA device, wherein the locking-ribs are configured to inhibit an actuation of an axial connector-lock when the CPA device is in the latched-position.

US Pat. No. 10,116,093

CONNECTOR DEVICE

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A connector device comprising:a motor case including a mounting hole;
a motor-side connector mounted in the mounting hole of the motor case and fixed to the motor case, the motor-side connector including a motor-side terminal;
an inverter case including a roof wall having opposite first and second surfaces and a support hole penetrating through the roof wall, the support hole including a small cross-section part adjacent the first surface and a large cross-section part adjacent the second surface, the large cross-section part having a specified depth from the second surface;
an inverter-side connector having an inverter-side terminal and a flange circumferentially provided on an outer surface of the inverter-side connector, the inverter side connector being mounted in the support hole of the inverter case with the flange mounted in the large cross-section part of the support hole; and
a bracket mounted to the second surface of the roof wall of the inverter case, the bracket having a lock hole surrounding a part of the inverter-side connector projecting from the second surface of the roof wall,
wherein:
the inverter case is configured to be coupled with the motor case so that the motor-side connector and the inverter-side connector are fit to each other,
the flange has a uniform thickness substantially equal to the depth of the large cross-section part of the support hole in the inverter case,
the lock hole of the bracket is smaller than an outer diameter of the flange of the inverter-side connector and larger than an outer cross-section of the part of the inverter-side connector surrounded by the lock hole, and
the flange is cross-sectionally larger than the small cross-section part of the support hole and smaller than the large cross-section part of the support hole so that the inverter-side connector is freely radially movable in the large cross-section part of the support hole without being separable from the support hole.

US Pat. No. 10,116,091

CONNECTOR POSITION ASSURANCE DEVICE, CONNECTOR BOX AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR SYSTEM

TE Connectivity German Gm...

1. A connector position assurance device, comprising:a body having a body recess; and
a locking lance extending along a length of the body, the locking lance having a fixed end fixed to the body and a lance head opposite the fixed end, the lance head aligned with the body recess, resiliently deflecting from an undeformed position into the body recess, and having a lance recess and a locking stop aligned with the lance recess, the lance recess locking to a plug connector having a locking arm, the locking stop and the locking arm locking to a locking surface of a receptacle connector matable with the plug connector.

US Pat. No. 10,116,089

CONNECTOR PROOFED AGAINST NON-INTENTIONAL DISCONNECTION

Fu Tai Hua Industry (Shen...

1. A connector comprising:a socket having:
a base having:
a hole formed in the base, the hole having an inlet end; and
at least one peripheral recess portion formed in the base;
at least one magnetic member disposed in the recess portion of the base;
at least one energized coil assembly disposed in the recess portion of the base; and
a sensor in the base adjacent to the inlet end of the hole of the base;
wherein the sensor is used to detect that a plug is being inserted into the hole of the base of the socket through the inlet end, and the energized coil assembly generates an electromagnetic force so as to cause the at least one magnetic member to engage the plug, thereby connecting the plug to the socket;
wherein the recess portion of the base has
a first recess; and
a second recess having two parallel parts disposed on opposite sides of the first recess;
wherein the magnetic member is disposed in the first recess; and
wherein the energized coil assembly has
a first energized coil disposed in the parallel part of the second recess which is adjacent to the hole of the base; and
a second energized coil disposed in the parallel part of the second recess which is away from the hole of the base.

US Pat. No. 10,116,083

NETWORK CABLE CONNECTOR

JYH ENG TECHNOLOGY CO., L...

1. A network cable connector, comprising:a main body, with a front end plugged into an external network jack, and with an end plugged into an external network cable, and the main body having a clamping base and a clamping cover, and the clamping cover being pivotally coupled to the clamping base, such that when the clamping cover is opened, the network cable is received, and when the clamping cover is closed and engaged with the clamping base, a pushing pipe is formed, and the pushing pipe also has an outer thread formed thereon;
an elastic ejection block, installed in the clamping base, and a distance between the elastic ejection block and the clamping cover being smaller than a cable diameter of the network cable, so that when the network cable presses the elastic ejection block, an expansion force is produced to expand the clamping base and the clamping cover outwardly; and
a hollow compression device, with an internal front end having an inner thread, and the outer thread being screwed into the inner thread, so that the hollow compression device produces a compression force towards the inside, and the hollow compression device has a tapered internal end, so that an end of the hollow compression device has a hole diameter smaller than a hole diameter of the front end, wherein a linearly displacing clamping part is disposed between the internal front end and the end of the hollow compression device, and the pushing pipe pushes the clamping part to move to an end of the hollow compression device, and the clamping part compresses towards the inside, so that the clamping part has an internal diameter smaller than the cable diameter of the network cable;
when the hollow compression device is screwed into the pushing pipe, the clamping base and the clamping cover are expanded towards outside, so that the hollow compression device is locked securely to the pushing pipe, while the pushing pipe is pushing the clamping part to move to the tapered end of the hollow compression device, and since the clamping part has an internal diameter smaller than the cable diameter of the network cable, the clamping part is clamped securely to the network cable to form a clamping force, while fixing the hollow compression device.

US Pat. No. 10,116,080

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LOTES CO., LTD, Keelung ...

1. An electrical connector for electrically connecting a mating element to an electronic element, comprising:an insulating body, provided with a plurality of accommodating holes; and
a plurality of terminals, respectively and correspondingly accommodated in the accommodating holes, wherein each of the terminals has:
a base portion;
a strip connecting portion formed by extending vertically upward from the base portion, and configured to connect to a strip;
an elastic arm formed by bending in an upward direction and extending from the base portion;
a contact portion formed by bending and extending from the elastic arm, and configured to urge upward against the mating element, wherein a width of the contact portion is greater than a width of the elastic arm at a bending portion connecting the elastic arm to the base portion, the width of the elastic arm at the bending portion between the elastic arm and the base portion is less than or equal to the width of remaining portions of the elastic arm, and a first urging portion is formed by bending and extending from the contact portion; and
a bending arm formed by bending in a downward direction and extending from the base portion, wherein the bending arm bends to form a conductive portion configured to be conductively connected to the electronic element, the conductive portion bends upward and extends to form a second urging portion, and the first urging portion urges against the second urging portion,
wherein the first urging portion comprises a first elastic portion bending from the contact portion and obliquely extending downward and away from the base portion, a second elastic portion obliquely extending downward from the first elastic portion to be close to the base portion, and a third elastic portion bending and extending upward from the second elastic portion to be close to the base portion.

US Pat. No. 10,116,078

HIGH CURRENT COMPRESSION BLADE CONNECTION SYSTEM

Delphi Technologies, Inc....

1. An electrical terminal connection system, comprising:a first-housing having a first-electrical-terminal and a terminal-hood, said first-electrical-terminal has a first-planar-section having a rectangular cross-section, said terminal-hood encapsulates an inner-surface and edges of the first-electrical-terminal; and
a second-housing configured to mate with the first-housing, said second-housing having a second-electrical-terminal and a sliding-block, said second-electrical-terminal has a second-planar-section having a rectangular cross-section configured to overlay an outer-surface of the first-electrical-terminal, wherein the second-housing further comprises a first-fastener element operable to engage a second-fastener element disposed within the first-housing, wherein the second-housing is drawn into the first-housing when the first-fastener element and the second-fastener element are joined, whereby the sliding-block imparts a lateral-force on the terminal-hood and urges the first-planar-section into electrical-contact with the second-planar-section.

US Pat. No. 10,116,076

CPU RETAINER MOUNTED UPON PCB

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector assembly comprising:a printed circuit board defining a front-to-back direction and a transverse direction perpendicular to each other;
an insulative housing mounding upon the printed circuit board and defining a loading cavity therein;
a plurality of contacts disposed in the housing;
a fixing seat mounted upon the printed circuit board by one end of the housing in said front-to-back direction;
a one piece clip mounted upon the printed circuit board by the other end of the housing in said front-to-back direction; and
a load plate and a lever commonly secured to the fixing seat in a rotatable manner; wherein
said clip includes a holding section forming a holding cavity for holding an electronic package therein, and said holding section is moveable between an upstanding position and a horizontal position; wherein
the electronic package is disposed in the loading cavity when said clip is moved to the horizontal position.

US Pat. No. 10,116,075

FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD PLUG-IN JIG

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A flexible printed circuit board (FPCB) plug-in jig, comprising a fixture part for clamping an FPCB, whereinthe fixture part comprises a first clamping element and a second clamping element which are arranged oppositely; the first clamping element and the second clamping element are configured such that an opening is formed at one end of the fixture part and a pressing portion is formed at the other end of the fixture part, the pressing portion being provided on the first clamping element so that the second clamping element is immobilized and one end of the first clamping element proximal to the opening moves away from the second clamping element when the pressing portion is subjected to an external force;
a signal matching board is arranged on a surface of the first clamping element facing the second clamping element; the signal matching board is used for electrically connecting to the FPCB at one end close to the opening of the fixture part; and
an additional signal port is provided at another end of the signal matching board close to the pressing portion of the fixture part, wherein a protective board is arranged on a side of the signal matching board facing the second clamping element, the protective board is configured to separate from and parallel to the first clamping element, the protective board is further configured to be fixed to the first clamping element and rotatably connected to the second clamping element directly so as to drive the first clamping element to move with respect to the second clamping element, and
a slot for accommodating the FPCB is provided at an end of the second clamping element close to the opening of the fixture part,
the fixture part further comprises a protrusion part provided at an end of the protective board close to the opening of the fixture part and protruding towards the second clamping element, and the protrusion part is configured to be accommodated in the slot provided at the second clamping element when the first clamping element is pressed to move towards the second clamping element.

US Pat. No. 10,116,072

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY

1. A printed circuit board assembly with a printed circuit board including at least one footprint for attachment of a plug connector, said footprint having three or more coupling points for coupling electrical contacts of the plug connector, and with the plug connector attached to the footprint, wherein the plug connector has exactly two signal conductors for transmitting a differential signal, wherein the first signal conductor has a first electrical contact coupled at a first coupling point of the three or more coupling points, and the second signal conductor has a second electrical contact coupled at a second coupling point of the three or more coupling points, wherein a distance between a third, free coupling point and the first coupling point is smaller than a distance between the second coupling point and the first coupling point, or a distance between a third, free coupling point and the second coupling point is smaller than a distance between the first coupling point and the second coupling point.

US Pat. No. 10,116,065

MM-WAVE MULTIPLE-INPUT MULTIPLE-OUTPUT ANTENNA SYSTEM WITH POLARIZATION DIVERSITY

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system, comprising:a first antenna element configured to communicate a first signal, said first signal polarized in a first orientation;
a second antenna element co-located with said first antenna element, said second antenna element configured to communicate a second signal, said second signal polarized in a second orientation, said second orientation orthogonal to said first orientation;
driver circuitry coupled to said first antenna element and said second antenna element, said driver circuitry configured to process said first signal and said second signal to achieve signal diversity in a wireless communication link;
a first transmission path between the driver circuitry and the first antenna element to provide a first channel for the first signal polarized in the first orientation; and
a second transmission path between the driver circuitry and the second antenna element to provide a second channel for the second signal polarized in the second orientation,
wherein the first transmission path and the first channel are at least partially electromagnetically isolated from the second transmission path and the second channel to enable multiple input multiple output (“MIMO”) operations for the system.

US Pat. No. 10,116,052

TUNABLE ANTENNA FOR HIGH-EFFICIENCY, WIDEBAND FREQUENCY COVERAGE

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A system, comprising:a processor;
a transceiver coupled to the processor; and
an antenna including a central element that connects to one or more of the processor and the transceiver, said antenna further including multiple coupling elements that electromagnetically couple directly to the central element,
wherein each of the multiple coupling elements comprises a separate variable capacitor,
wherein the central element includes a first portion having a first length direction and a second portion having a second length direction, the first length direction extending alongside the second length direction, and a third potion having a length direction that intersects the first length direction and the second length direction;
wherein a first of the multiple coupling elements is arranged in the antenna adjacent to the first and third portions of the central element, and
wherein a second of the multiple coupling elements is arranged in the antenna adjacent to at least the second portion of the central element.

US Pat. No. 10,116,050

MODAL ADAPTIVE ANTENNA USING REFERENCE SIGNAL LTE PROTOCOL

Ethertronics, Inc., San ...

1. A multi-input multi-output (MIMO) antenna processing system comprising:a first automatic tuning module configured to communicate first voltage signals to active components associated with a first modal antenna, wherein a first input of the first automatic tuning module is generated from a first lookup table and a second input of the first automatic tuning module is communicated from a first adaptive processor; and
a second automatic tuning module configured to communicate second voltage signals to active components associated with a second modal antenna, wherein a first input of the second automatic tuning module is generated from a second lookup table and a second input of the second automatic tuning module is communicated from one of: the first adaptive processor or a second adaptive processor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,048

ANTENNA WITH ROTATABLE RADIATING ELEMENT

KATHREIN-WERKE KG, Rosen...

1. A telecommunications antenna with a housing comprising a radome and a radiator arranged in the housing, wherein the radiator is mounted on an electroconductive support structure, wherein the electroconductive support structure engages the housing in either one of a rotatable fashion or in a rotatably fixed fashion about an axis through at least one non-electroconductive body and is tensionable in a direction parallel to the axis so that a transition from the rotatable fashion to the rotatably fixed fashion is effected by forming a frictional engagement,wherein the non-electroconductive body is a clamping body and
wherein the non-electroconductive body is tensionable by a fastener engaging in a non-electroconductive bracket section.

US Pat. No. 10,116,047

ANTENNA DEVICE AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

AMBIT MICROSYSTEMS (SHANG...

1. An antenna device, comprising:a first antenna, wherein the first antenna is disposed in a PCB to radiate signals;
a second antenna, wherein the second antenna is disposed in the PCB to radiate the signals;
wherein the first antenna comprises:
a first ground portion;
a first short portion, wherein the first short portion and the first ground portion are electrically coupled together to form a first storage space, the first storage space has a first notch; and
a first feeding part, wherein the first feeding part is disposed in the first storage space, the first feeding part and the first short portion are not contacted through any metallic conductors, the first feeding part and the first ground portion are not contacted through any metallic conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,116,044

BODY-MOUNTABLE DEVICE TO PROVIDE RADIO-FREQUENCY WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A body-mountable device comprising:a single-loop antenna extending around a region, the single-loop antenna forming at least in part an exterior sidewall of the body-mountable device, wherein distal ends of the single-loop antenna are disposed on opposite respective sides of a slit structure in the exterior sidewall, wherein an overall length along the single-loop antenna between the distal ends is equal to or less than 250 millimeters (mm);
a proximity-coupled feed structure disposed in the region, the proximity-coupled feed structure to excite the single-loop antenna with electromagnetic radiation; and
a controller disposed in the region, the controller coupled to the single-loop antenna via a first contact and further coupled to the proximity-coupled feed structure, the controller including selector logic which, when executed by the controller, selects from among a plurality of operational modes including:
a first operational mode corresponding to a first frequency band above 100 megahertz (MHz), the first operational mode to provide, with both the proximity-coupled feed structure and the first contact, a first wavelength mode of communication by the single-loop antenna; and
a second operational mode corresponding to a second frequency band above 100 MHz, the second operational mode to provide, with both the proximity-coupled feed structure and the first contact, a second wavelength mode of communication by the single-loop antenna, the second wavelength mode different than the first wavelength mode.

US Pat. No. 10,116,039

ANTENNA APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing comprising an interior region and an edge region surrounding the interior region;
a metal bezel disposed on at least a portion of the edge region, wherein at least a portion of the metal bezel is configured to operate in at least one frequency band as a first antenna radiator;
a second antenna radiator disposed in the interior region; and
a metal patch disposed at a position, which is spaced apart from the first antenna radiator and the second antenna radiator such that at least a portion of the metal patch is disposed in parallel with at least a portion of the first antenna radiator and the second antenna radiator, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,116,034

TWIN AXIAL CABLE STRUCTURES FOR TRANSMITTING SIGNALS

Mellanox Technologies, Lt...

1. A method of manufacturing a cable structure for transmitting a differential signal comprising:cutting a pair of open channels through an outer longitudinal surface of a ribbon of material to form an insulative body portion, wherein the channels are parallel to each other and extend a length of the insulative body portion;
inserting within each open channel of the pair of open channels a conductive wire, wherein the conductive wires of the pair of open channels form a pair of conductive wires configured to collectively transmit a differential signal;
disposing a conductive sheet on the insulative body portion, wherein the conductive sheet is configured to shield the pair of conductive wires; and
placing a grounding element in contact with the conductive sheet, wherein the grounding element is configured to conduct electric current away from the conductive sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,116,033

RFID TAG ASSEMBLY METHODS

Impinj, Inc., Seattle, W...

1. A method for assembling a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag, the method comprising:providing an antenna;
providing an integrated circuit (IC) that includes a first electrical bus and electrical circuitry, the electrical circuitry comprising one or more of a rectifier circuit, a demodulator circuit, and a modulator circuit of the IC, wherein providing the IC comprises:
coupling the first electrical bus to the one or more of a rectifier circuit, a demodulator circuit, and a modulator circuit of the IC;
disposing a plurality of conductive patches on a surface of the IC, wherein the plurality of distinct conductive patches covers a substantial portion of the surface of the IC;
capacitively coupling at least a first one of the plurality of distinct conductive patches to the first electrical bus; and
coupling the antenna to the plurality of distinct conductive patches on the surface of the IC to form the RFID tag, wherein at least one of the antenna-to-conductive-patch and the first-electrical-bus-to-conductive-patch couplings is through a dielectric material and the dielectric material includes at least one of a covering layer of the antenna and a covering layer of the IC.

US Pat. No. 10,116,032

DIELECTRIC RESONATOR, DIELECTRIC FILTER, AND COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A dielectric resonator, comprising:a dielectric body having a first surface located at an end in a first direction thereof and a second surface which is located at an end in a second direction opposite to the first direction thereof;
a first conductor having a cavity formed therein in which the dielectric body is housed, the first conductor being disposed so as to surround the dielectric body leaving space therefrom, and having a first inner surface including a part opposed to the first surface, and a second inner surface including a part opposed to the second surface;
a second conductor disposed on the first surface, an end in the first direction thereof being electrically connected to the first inner surface;
a third conductor disposed on the second surface, an end in the second direction thereof being electrically connected to the second inner surface;
a fourth conductor disposed between the second conductor and the first conductor in a third direction perpendicular to the first direction, an end in the first direction thereof and an end in the third direction thereof being electrically connected to the first conductor, an end in a direction opposite to the third direction thereof being electrically connected to the second conductor; and
a fifth conductor disposed between the third conductor and the first conductor in a fourth direction perpendicular to the first direction, an end in the fourth direction thereof and an end in the second direction thereof being electrically connected to the first conductor, an end in a direction opposite to the fourth direction thereof being electrically connected to the third conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,026

COAXIAL FILTER HAVING FIRST TO FIFTH RESONATORS, WHERE THE FOURTH RESONATOR IS AN ELONGATED RESONATOR

COM DEV LTD., Mississaug...

1. A microwave filter comprising:a housing defining an inner cavity;
a first resonator positioned in a first portion of the inner cavity;
a third resonator positioned in a third portion of the inner cavity and being cross-coupled with the first resonator;
a second resonator positioned in a second portion of the inner cavity, the second resonator being coupled to the first resonator and the third resonator;
a fifth resonator positioned in a fifth portion of the inner cavity and being cross-coupled to the third resonator; and
a fourth resonator positioned in a fourth portion of the inner cavity, the fourth resonator being elongated and being coupled with the third resonator and the fifth resonator, wherein an electric field at a first end of the elongated fourth resonator is out of phase with an electric field at a second end of the elongated fourth resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,116,024

MICROSTRIP NOTCH FILTER WITH TWO-PRONGED FORK-SHAPED EMBEDDED RESONATOR

KING ABDULAZIZ CITY FOR S...

1. A notch filter comprising:a dielectric substrate;
a microstrip transmission line on the dielectric substrate; and
a fork-shaped open-circuited stub embedded in the microstrip transmission line,
wherein for a signal transmitted via the microstrip transmission line, the fork-shaped open-circuited stub causes a second spurious harmonic in the signal to be at approximately eight times a center frequency in which a first spurious harmonic is present.

US Pat. No. 10,116,018

CURE IN PLACE THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIAL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for providing an even distribution of waste heat from a battery pack comprising cells in a vehicle via a conformable thermal interface material comprising:providing:
a coolant reservoir; and
a support structure coupled to the reservoir;
placing a release liner on the coolant reservoir;
placing, after placing the release liner on the coolant reservoir, the conformable thermal interface material in the form of a liquid or a gel within the support structure;
placing a bottom surface of the battery pack into the liquid or the gel such that the liquid or the gel flows around each of the cells of the battery pack such that there is constant thermal contact between an entire lower surface of each of the cells of the battery pack and a surface of the coolant reservoir;
cross-linking the conformable thermal interface material thereby decreasing the flowability of the conformable thermal interface material and providing for the even distribution of the waste heat via conduction of the waste heat from each of the cells to the coolant reservoir; and
removing the conformable thermal interface material by physically removing the release liner.

US Pat. No. 10,115,993

ALL-VANADIUM REDOX FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM EMPLOYING A V+4/V+5 REDOX COUPLE AND AN ANCILLARY CE+3/CE+4 REDOX COUPLE IN THE POSITIVE ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION

HYDRAREDOX TECHNOLOGIES H...

1. A redox flow battery, energy storage system employing a V+4/V+5 redox couple in a positive electrolyte solution and a V+2/V+3 redox couple in a negative electrolyte solution of a redox flow electrochemical cell, comprising an ancillary Ce+3/Ce+4 redox couple present in said positive electrolyte solution in a mole content from about 100 to 500 mMole/liter sufficient to support charge current in case of a substantially complete oxidation of vanadium of the redox couple in the solution and a balancing mole amount of a reducible redox couple added in the negative electrolyte solution.

US Pat. No. 10,115,991

FUEL CELL MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A production method for a fuel cell membrane-electrode assembly comprising:preparing a catalyst ink that contains a metal catalyst nanoparticle of 0.3 nm to 100 nm in primary particle diameter which is not supported on a support, an electrolyte resin, and a water-based solvent containing an organic solvent, wherein the proportion of the organic solvent to the whole water-based solvent is set at 0.1 wt % or less, and the proportion of the water to the whole water-based solvent is set at 99.9 wt % or more; and
forming a non-supported-catalyst containing catalyst layer by using the catalyst ink, as a catalyst layer that is included in at least one of a fuel electrode side and an oxidant electrode side in the fuel cell membrane-electrode assembly that has a fuel electrode at one surface side of an electrolyte membrane, and an oxidant electrode at another surface side of the electrolyte membrane,
wherein the metal catalyst nanoparticle is dispersed in the catalyst layer and restrained from aggregating, and
wherein the catalyst ink further contains a carbon particle whose surface area is 5 to 50 m2/g as a water-repellent particle.

US Pat. No. 10,115,980

COOLING MODULE FOR A FUEL CELL

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A cooling module for a fuel cell comprising:a cooling circuit for conducting a coolant; and
a treatment unit for the coolant, the treatment unit situated in the cooling circuit in such a way that the coolant flowing in the cooling circuit flows through the treatment unit,
the treatment unit includes a filter medium for removing metal ions from the coolant which includes a polymer having amidoxime or hydroxamic acid groups and is in contact with the coolant, an entirety of the coolant in the cooling circuit flowing through the filter medium.

US Pat. No. 10,115,978

PROTECTIVE EDGE SEAL HAVING ALKALI METAL IONS FOR MEMBRANE ION EXCHANGE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fuel cell comprising:an anode;
a cathode;
a membrane positioned between the anode and the cathode, the membrane having a peripheral edge region; and
an edge seal including a first plurality of alkali metal ions, the edge seal in contact with the peripheral edge region of the membrane, the peripheral edge region including a second plurality of alkali metal ions from the edge seal;
wherein the membrane includes hydrogen ions coupled with the membrane by proton-sulfonic coupling and an alkali-sulfonic coupling of the alkali metal ions with the membrane is stronger than the proton-sulfonic coupling of the hydrogen ions with the membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,115,973

COMPOSITION OF A NICKELATE COMPOSITE CATHODE FOR A FUEL CELL

LG FUEL CELL SYSTEMS INC....

1. A method of inhibiting the formation of a lanthanide oxide phase in a fuel cell having a cathode comprising a lanthanide nickelate, said method comprising:forming the cathode from a composition comprising a lanthanide nickelate and a second oxide material which adsorbs an oxide formed from the lanthanide,
wherein said lanthanide nickelate comprises 50-70% of the cathode by weight, and
wherein the composition has a general formula of:
(LnuM1vM2s)n+1(Ni1-t)nO3n+1-A1-xBxOy-CwDzCe(1-w-z)O2-?,
where Ln is a rare earth metal, 0

US Pat. No. 10,115,971

FUEL CELL ELECTRODE HAVING POROUS CARBON CORE WITH MACROCYCLIC METAL CHELATES THEREON

APPEM Ltd., Nicosia (CY)...

1. A method for manufacturing of an electrocatalyst comprising a porous carbon support material and a catalytic material of metal complexes of macrocyclic compounds chemically bound to the carbon support, said method comprising the steps of:i) providing a template capable of acting as pore structure directing agent during formation of a highly porous electrically conducting template carbon substrate;
ii) mixing the template with 1) one or several precursor substances of the carbon support, 2) one or several precursor substances of the macrocyclic compounds, and 3) one or several source(s) of metal(s) or one or several source(s) of metal(s) in a solvent, wherein the precursor substances of the carbon support and the precursor substances of the macrocyclic compounds may be the same or different and are precursors of N2— or N4-chelate compounds; and
iii) exposing the mixture of the template, the precursor substances, and the source(s) of metal(s)to a carbonization process during which the precursor substances react and transform the mixture into a carbonized template composite in which the carbon part of the composite is chemically bound to the macrocyclic compounds and the macrocyclic compounds form complexes with the metal(s).

US Pat. No. 10,115,970

SEMI-SOLID ELECTRODES WITH POROUS CURRENT COLLECTORS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

24M Technologies, Inc., ...

1. An electrode, comprising:a first porous substrate defining a first pitch and a second porous substrate defining a second pitch stacked together to form a current collector; and
a semi-solid electrode material embedded in the first and second porous substrates, the semi-solid electrode material including a suspension of an active material and a conductive material in a non-aqueous liquid electrolyte,
whereby the stacking of the first porous substrate and the second porous substrate reduces an internal resistance of an electrochemical cell including the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,115,967

METHOD OF PRODUCING POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A method of producing a positive electrode active material for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, comprising:providing nickel-containing composite oxide particles having a ratio 1D90/1D10 of a 90% particle size 1D90 to a 10% particle size 1D10 in volume-based cumulative particle size distribution of 3 or less;
mixing the composite oxide particles and a lithium compound to obtain a first mixture;
subjecting the first mixture to a first heat treatment at a first temperature and a second heat treatment at a second temperature higher than the first temperature to obtain a first heat-treated material; and
dissociation from the first heat-treated material the positive electrode active material,
wherein the positive electrode active material comprises lithium-transition metal composite oxide particles having a ratio 2D50/2DSEM of a 50% particle size 2D50 in volume-based cumulative particle size distribution to an average particle size 2DSEM based on electron microscopic observation in a range of 1 to 4, and
wherein the lithium-transition metal composite oxide particles have a composition represented by the following formula (1):
LipNixCoyMz1O2+?  (1)wherein p, x, y, z, and ? satisfy 1.0?p?1.3, 0.3?x<0.6, 0?y?0.4, 0?z?0.5, x+y+z=1, and ?0.1???0.1, and M1 represents at least one of Mn and Al.

US Pat. No. 10,115,954

BATTERY MODULE

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A battery module, comprising:a plurality of battery cells arranged in a first direction, each one of the plurality of battery cells having a terminal portion on an upper surface thereof;
a bus-bar holder positioned on the plurality of battery cells, the bus-bar holder having an opening exposing terminal portions of the plurality of battery cells;
a bus-bar including a bending portion protruding upward and a flat portion contacting the terminal portions of the plurality of battery cells, the bus-bar positioned in the opening of the bus-bar holder, the bus-bar being spaced apart from a circumference of the opening of the bus-bar holder by a predetermined interval, and the bus-bar electrically connecting terminal portions of adjacent battery cells among the plurality of battery cells;
a guide wall extending along the opening in the first direction, the guide wall extending upward above the opening; and
a fixing member on an inner side of the guide wall, the fixing member being at the bending portion of the bus-bar and pressing the bending portion toward the terminal portions of the plurality of battery cells; and
an insulating member between adjacent flat portions of adjacent bus-bars, wherein
the insulating member includes a gas exhausting portion, a height of the gas exhausting portion being lower than that of another area of the insulating member, the gas exhausting portion being between bending portions of the adjacent bus-bars and extending to parallel the bending portions of the adjacent bus-bars.

US Pat. No. 10,115,953

ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage apparatus, comprising:one or more energy storage devices;
a component on which bus bars are arranged, the component comprising an insulating material;
a wiring connection component for connecting a first wiring and a second wiring, the first wiring being connected to at least one of the one or more energy storage devices; and
an attachment portion to which the wiring connection component is detachably attached,
wherein the energy storage apparatus is disposed in an energy storage pack in which an other energy storage apparatus is disposed,
wherein the wiring connection component connects the first wiring, which is connected to the wiring connection component, and the second wiring, which is connected to the wiring connection component and to the other energy storage apparatus, and
wherein the wiring connection component includes:
a connector to which the first wiring is connected;
a connector holder for holding the connector; and
a main body to which the connector holder is detachably attached.

US Pat. No. 10,115,949

LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A lithium secondary battery comprising:a positive electrode having a positive electrode active material layer;
a negative electrode having a negative electrode active material layer;
an organic porous material layer placed between the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer; and
an inorganic porous material layer placed between the organic porous material layer and the negative electrode active material layer;
wherein
the organic porous material layer is a porous resin sheet,
the positive electrode active material layer comprises a positive electrode active material capable of reversibly storing and releasing lithium, the positive electrode active material layer comprising, as the positive electrode active material, one or more species of lithium transition metal oxide having a layered structure selected from the group consisting of lithium nickel-based oxides, lithium cobalt-based oxides, lithium manganese-based oxides and lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxides,
the negative electrode active material layer comprises a negative electrode active material capable of reversibly storing and releasing lithium,
the negative electrode active material is a carbon material having a graphite structure at least partially, and
the inorganic porous material layer comprises:
an inorganic filler that does not store lithium at a potential higher than at least the lithium-storing potential of the negative electrode active material, and
a Li absorber that irreversibly stores lithium at a potential higher than the lithium-storing potential of the negative electrode active material, and wherein
the Li absorber comprises at least one species selected from carbon fluorides and manganese dioxide,
the inorganic filler comprises one, two or more species selected from alumina, magnesia and titania,
the Li absorber content in the inorganic porous material layer is 2 to 10 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the positive electrode active material and is 10 to 100 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the inorganic filler, and
the lithium secondary battery further comprises a non-aqueous electrolyte solution being a liquid phase at room temperature, wherein the non-aqueous electrolyte solution comprises:
a non-aqueous solvent, and
a lithium compound as a supporting electrolyte which is soluble in the solvent to supply lithium ions.

US Pat. No. 10,115,936

LEAD-ACID BATTERY

GS Yuasa International Lt...

1. A lead-acid battery comprising:a power generating element; and
a container accommodating the power generating element and including a bottom wall, outer walls and a corner at which the outer walls intersect, at least one of the outer walls including a first portion and a second portion that recesses inward from the first portion,
wherein a portion of the corner corresponding to the first portion includes a thick portion that is thickened inward within a range not inwardly beyond the second portion to be thicker than the outer wall and a portion of the corner corresponding to the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,115,932

METHOD OF DESIGNING ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE, ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE MANUFACTURED WITH THE DESIGN METHOD, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE WITH THE DESIGN METHOD

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A method of designing an electroluminescent device having an emissive layer between a first electrode and a second electrode, the first electrode being a transparent electrode, the emissive layer lying between a first functional layer and a second functional layer, the electroluminescent device having a first transparent member on a side of the first electrode opposite to a side where the emissive layer is provided, the method comprising:preparing a reference device including a construction of the electroluminescent device and a desired analyzed device including a construction of the electroluminescent device;
performing quantum optical analysis, electromagnetic analysis, and ray trace with thicknesses and complex relative permittivities of the first transparent member, the first electrode, the first functional layer, the second functional layer, the emissive layer, and the second electrode as well as a position of a light-emitting point in the emissive layer and a distribution of light-emitting points in the emissive layer being used as design variables;
calculating a “ratio of light extraction efficiency” between the reference device and the analyzed device by computing efficiency of light extraction from the emissive layer into the transparent member or air in both of the reference device and the analyzed device;
finding relation of the thickness and the complex relative permittivity of each of the layers with the “ratio of light extraction efficiency,” the layers forming the reference device and the analyzed device; and
obtaining the respective thicknesses and the respective complex relative permittivities of the first transparent member, the first electrode, the first functional layer, the second functional layer, the emissive layer, and the second electrode as the design variables, based on the relation and an electroluminescence spectrum in air or the first transparent member measured by feeding a current to the reference device.

US Pat. No. 10,115,921

QUANTUM DOT LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT, METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME, AND LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A quantum dot light emitting element, comprising: a substrate, a cathode, an electron injection/electron transport layer, a quantum dot light emitting layer, a hole injection/hole transport layer, and an anode, wherein the cathode is arranged on the substrate; the cathode and the anode is arranged on the same side of the substrate; the cathode is opposite to the anode with some in-between space; the electron injection/electron transport layer, the quantum dot light emitting layer, and the hole injection/hole transport layer are inserted between the cathode and the anode; one side of the electron injection/electron transport layer is connected to the cathode; the quantum dot light emitting layer and the hole injection/hole transport layer are subsequently layered on a surface of the electron injection/electron transport layer away from the cathode; the hole injection/hole transport layer is away from a surface of the quantum dot light emitting layer and is connected to the anode; the cathode is used for supplying electrons; the anode is used for supplying holes; the electron injection/electron transport layer is used for transmitting the electrons to the quantum dot light emitting layer; the hole injection/hole transport layer is used for transmitting the holes to the quantum dot light emitting layer; the electrons and the holes recombine in the quantum dot light emitting layer for emitting light; and wherein the electron injection/electron transport layer comprises a water-alcohol soluble conjugated polymer (WACPs);wherein the WACPs comprises one of PFNBr (Bromine Polyfluorene) and PFNSO (Sulfo-Polyfluorene).

US Pat. No. 10,115,919

OPTOELECTRONIC DIODES AND ELECTRONIC DEVICES INCLUDING SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An optoelectronic diode, comprising:a first electrode and a second electrode electrically connected to each other, the second electrode having a greater resistance than a resistance of the first electrode,
a third electrode proximate to at least one electrode of the first electrode and the second electrode,
a first active layer between a first two electrodes of the first electrode, the second electrode, and the third electrode, and
a second active layer between a second two electrodes of the first electrode, the second electrode, and the third electrode, the second active layer isolated from the first active layer.

US Pat. No. 10,115,914

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel including a display area and a peripheral area outside the display area;
a wiring located in the peripheral area;
a first organic insulating film under the wiring and in contact with the wiring; and
a second organic insulating film on the wiring and in contact with the wiring,
wherein the display panel has a first surface which is an opposite side of the wiring from the second organic insulating film,
a distance between the first surface and the wiring includes a first distance at a first portion and a second distance at a second portion, the first and second portions being located in the peripheral area,
the second portion is between the first portion and the display area, and
the first distance is smaller than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 10,115,912

ORGANOMETALLIC COMPLEX, LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND LIGHTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. An organometallic complex represented by a general formula (G1),
wherein each of R1 to R13 independently represents any of hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group,
wherein A represents a five-membered heteroaromatic skeleton comprising two or three nitrogen atoms, and
wherein Q represents a sulfur atom.

US Pat. No. 10,115,905

ORGANIC COMPOUND FOR ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE DEVICE AND USING THE SAME

1. An organic compound with a general formula (I) as follows:wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted fused ring hydrocarbon unit with two to four rings, R1 to R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a halide, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms, and a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group having 6 to 30 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,115,895

VERTICAL FIELD EFFECT TRANSISITORS HAVING A RECTANGULAR SURROUND GATE AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC,...

1. A semiconductor structure comprising a two-dimensional array of vertical field effect transistors, wherein the two-dimensional array of vertical field effect transistors comprises:a one-dimensional array of gate electrode rail pairs, wherein each of the gate electrode rail pairs comprises a pair of gate electrode rails that laterally extend along a first horizontal direction and spaced among one another along a second horizontal direction;
a two-dimensional array of tubular gate electrode portions, wherein each of the tubular gate electrode portions includes a pair of outer sidewalls that contact sidewalls of a respective pair of gate electrode rails;
a gate dielectric located inside each of the tubular gate electrode portions; and
a vertical semiconductor channel extending along a vertical direction and located inside each of the tubular gate electrode portions and laterally surrounded by the gate dielectric.

US Pat. No. 10,115,894

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR ELECTRICAL SWITCHING

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE O...

1. An apparatus for electrical switching, the apparatus comprising:a crystalline layer having a first side and a second side opposite the first side, the crystalline layer having at least one channel extending from the first side to the second side;
a first electrode disposed on the first side of the crystalline layer, the first electrode having a first solid solubility less than 1% in the crystalline layer; and
a second electrode disposed on the second side of the crystalline layer, the second electrode having a second solid solubility less than 1% in the crystalline layer,
wherein the first electrode comprises an active material to provide at least one metal ion migrating along the at least one channel in response to a first voltage applied across the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,115,888

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CRYSTAL FILM

Advanced Material Technol...

1. A method for manufacturing a crystal film, comprising the steps of:forming a Zr film on a substrate heated to 700° C. or more by a vapor deposition method using a vapor deposition material having a Zr single crystal;
forming a ZrO2 film on said Zr film on a substrate heated to 700° C. or more, by a vapor deposition method using said vapor deposition material having a Zr single crystal, and oxygen; and
forming a Y2O3 film on said ZrO2 film on a substrate heated to 700° C. or more, by a vapor deposition method using a vapor deposition material having Y, and oxygen.

US Pat. No. 10,115,883

DEVICE USING A PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A device using a piezoelectric element comprising:a substrate having a cavity;
a movable film formation layer including a movable film disposed above the cavity and defining a top surface portion of the cavity; and
a piezoelectric element formed above the movable film,
the piezoelectric element including a lower electrode formed above the movable film, a piezoelectric film formed above the lower electrode, and an upper electrode formed above the piezoelectric film,
the upper electrode having, in a plan view of viewing from a direction normal to a major surface of the movable film, a peripheral edge that is receded further toward an interior of the cavity than the movable film;
a wiring having one end portion connected to an upper surface of the upper electrode and having another end portion led out to an outer side of a peripheral edge of the cavity in the plan view;
wherein the piezoelectric film has an active portion with an upper surface in contact with a lower surface of the upper electrode and an inactive portion extending along a lower surface of the wiring from a side portion of the active portion to an outer side of the peripheral edge of the cavity,
a hydrogen barrier film, having an opening at an upper surface center of the upper electrode and covering a peripheral edge portion of the upper surface of the upper electrode, entireties of side surfaces of the upper electrode and the piezoelectric film, and an upper surface of the inactive portion of the piezoelectric film; and
an insulating film, formed above the hydrogen barrier film and disposed between the hydrogen barrier film and the wiring;
wherein a contact hole, exposing a portion of the upper electrode is formed in the hydrogen barrier film and the insulating film and the one end portion of the wiring is connected to the upper electrode via the contact hole.

US Pat. No. 10,115,873

SURFACE-MODIFIED PHOSPHOR AND LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A surface-modified phosphor comprising:a phosphor matrix comprising
a compound represented by Chemical Formula 1
K2SiF6:Mn4+; and  Chemical Formula 1
a nano-sized phosphor disposed on the phosphor matrix,
wherein the phosphor matrix has a crack, and wherein the crack is filled with the nano-sized phosphor, and
wherein the nano-sized phosphor comprises at least a compound represented by any one of Chemical Formulas 2 and 3,
Li2TiO3:Mn4+, and  Chemical Formula 2
CaAlSiN:Eu2+.  Chemical Formula 3

US Pat. No. 10,115,872

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. A light emitting device, comprising:a first light emitting element that outputs a first emitted light having a first peak wavelength;
a second light emitting element that outputs a second emitted light having a second peak wavelength; and
a phosphor layer including a plurality of phosphors, which is disposed on the first and second light emitting elements,
wherein the phosphor layer receives the first and second emitted light and outputs a plurality of emitted light based on the plurality of phosphors so as to form a first synthesized emission spectrum that is distributed at a longer wavelength side than the first peak wavelength of the first emitted light and includes an emission spectrum formed by the first and second emitted light, and
wherein the second light emitting element comprises an emission spectrum to reduce a depth of a deepest dip of at least one dip in a second synthesized emission spectrum that is formed by removing an emission spectrum of the second emitted light from the first synthesized emission spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,115,871

OPTOELECTRONIC SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

OSRAM OPTO SEMICONDUCTORS...

1. A method for producing a plurality of optoelectronic semiconductor components the method comprising:applying a plurality of semiconductor chips, which emit electromagnetic radiation of a first wavelength range from a radiation exit surface during operation, onto an auxiliary carrier;
applying a first conversion material into interstices between the semiconductor chips, wherein the first conversion material is suitable for converting electromagnetic radiation of the first wavelength range into electromagnetic radiation of a second wavelength range;
applying a second conversion material over the first conversion material, wherein the second conversion material is suitable for converting electromagnetic radiation of the first wavelength range into electromagnetic radiation of a second wavelength range or of a third wavelength range;
removing the auxiliary carrier; and
singulating the semiconductor components, wherein the first conversion material forms a first conversion layer on lateral flanks of the semiconductor chips and the second conversion material forms a second conversion layer on the radiation exit surface of the semiconductor chips,
wherein the first conversion material and the second conversion material are a first liquid resin and a second liquid resin into which phosphor particles have been introduced,
wherein the phosphor particles from the second liquid resin sediment into the first liquid resin,
wherein the first liquid resin and second liquid resin are cured before a singulation process, and
wherein, before applying the first conversion material, a reflective material is applied into the interstices between the semiconductor chips.

US Pat. No. 10,115,870

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE, RESIN PACKAGE, RESIN-MOLDED BODY, AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE, RESIN PACKAGE AND RESIN-MOLDED BODY

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A method of manufacturing a plurality of light emitting devices, each comprising a resin package that includes a first lead, a second lead and a resin part, and a light emitting element mounted on the resin package, each resin package including a first outer side surface and a second outer side surface opposing the first outer side surface, the method comprising:providing a structure comprising:
a lead frame including first portions to become the first leads, and second portions to become the second leads, and
a resin-molded body,
wherein the structure includes a plurality of areas, each of which will become one of the resin packages, and each of which has a first outer side corresponding to the first outer side surface of the corresponding resin package, and a second outer side opposing the first outer side and corresponding to the second outer side surface of the corresponding resin package,
wherein each area of said structure has a concave portion on its upper side,
wherein the lead frame is exposed from the resin-molded body at a bottom face of each concave portion, such that a part of one of the first portions and a part of one of the second portions of the lead frame are located at each respective bottom face, separated by a portion of the resin-molded body,
wherein the lead frame has a plurality of first notch parts in which a portion of the resin-molded body is disposed,
wherein, in each area, a respective one of the first notch parts is located between said first portion to become the first lead and said second portion to become the second lead, and extends from the first outer side of said area to the second outer side of said area, and
wherein, in each area, in a plane of an uppermost surface of the lead frame, a width of each first notch part at the first and second outer sides is wider than a width of the first notch part within the bottom face of the concave portion in a direction along the first and second outer sides;
mounting light emitting elements on the bottom faces of the concave portions; and
cutting said structure so as to expose the portion of the resin-molded body disposed in each first notch part, to thereby obtain a plurality of light emitting devices in each of which both the first lead and the second lead are exposed from the resin part and substantially coplanar with a portion of the resin part disposed in the first notch part at each of the first and second outer side surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,115,869

OPTOELECTRONIC SEMICONDUCTOR CHIP, OPTOELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR SINGULATING SEMICONDUCTOR CHIPS

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors...

1. An optoelectronic semiconductor chip having a carrier and a semiconductor body comprising an active layer provided for generating electromagnetic radiation, whereinthe carrier comprises a first major surface facing towards the semiconductor body, a second major surface facing away from the semiconductor body and a side flank arranged between the first major surface and the second major surface,
the carrier comprises a structured region for enlarging a total surface area of the side flank, the structured region comprising singulating traces,
the structured region comprises a barrier groove, which is circumferential with respect to the carrier, on the side flank,
a lateral extent of the barrier groove is between 3 ?m and 60 ?m inclusive,
the barrier groove is spaced apart from the first major surface and from the second major surface, and
the optoelectronic semiconductor chip comprises one of the following additional features (i) and (ii), namely:
(i) the structured region further comprises on the side flank a plurality of indentations and a lateral extent of the barrier groove is at least twice and at the most ten times as large as a lateral extent of the indentations, or
(ii) the structured region comprises an indentation on the side flank, wherein a lateral width of the indentation is between 0.3 ?m and 6 ?m inclusive and the indentation has a vertical depth which is between 1 times and 5 times the lateral width of the indentation inclusive.

US Pat. No. 10,115,868

OPTOELECTRONIC SEMICONDUCTOR CHIP, OPTOELECTRONIC COMPONENT, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SEMICONDUCTOR CHIPS

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors...

1. An optoelectronic component comprising an optoelectronic semiconductor chip and a housing body, said optoelectronic semiconductor chip comprising a carrier and a semiconductor body having an active layer that generates electromagnetic radiation during operation of the optoelectronic semiconductor chip, whereinthe semiconductor body is arranged on the carrier,
the semiconductor body has a first main surface facing away from the carrier and a second main surface facing the carrier,
a side surface of the optoelectronic semiconductor chip has an anchoring structure,
the second main surface is arranged between the first main surface and the anchoring structure,
the side surface has roughnesses,
the anchoring structure comprises a plurality of indentations formed in the carrier and spatially arranged apart from one another in a vertical direction, wherein a cross section of the indentations is at least three times larger than a cross section of the roughnesses of the side surface, and a depth of the indentations is at least three times larger than a depth of the roughnesses of the side surface, said depth of the indentation being a lateral extent of the indentation into the carrier, and
the housing body encloses the optoelectronic semiconductor chip in a lateral direction such that a material of the housing body engages into the anchoring structure, and the first main surface and a rear side of the optoelectronic semiconductor chip are free of the material of the housing body.

US Pat. No. 10,115,867

OPTOELECTRONIC SEMICONDUCTOR CHIP

OSRAM OPTO SEMICONDUCTORS...

1. An optoelectronic semiconductor chip comprising:a semiconductor body of semiconductor material;
a p-contact layer; and
an n-contact layer,
wherein:
the semiconductor body comprises an active layer intended for generating radiation,
the semiconductor body comprises a p-side and an n-side, between which the active layer is arranged,
the p-contact layer is capable of electrically contacting the p-side of the semiconductor body,
the n-contact layer is capable of electrically contacting the n-side of the semiconductor body,
the n-contact layer contains a TCO layer and a mirror layer,
the TCO layer is arranged between the n-side of the semiconductor body and the mirror layer, and
the n-contact layer is not in direct contact with the semiconductor body.

US Pat. No. 10,115,866

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND PROJECTOR

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a laminated body having an active layer capable of producing light when current is injected thereinto and a first cladding layer and a second cladding layer that sandwich the active layer; and
a first electrode and a second electrode that inject current into the active layer,
wherein the second cladding layer has a ridge section thicker than another portion of the second cladding layer,
the active layer forms an optical waveguide that guides light,
the optical waveguide has a first light exiting surface and a second light exiting surface through which the light exits,
the optical waveguide extends in a direction inclined with respect to a normal to the first light exiting surface and a normal to the second light exiting surface,
the laminated body has a connection area that overlaps with the ridge section when viewed in a direction in which the active layer is laminated on the first cladding layer and is connected to the second electrode,
the ridge section has a first tapered section having a width that increases with distance from a center position that is equidistant from the first light exiting surface and the second light exiting surface toward the first light exiting surface when viewed from the laminated direction and a second tapered section having a width that increases from the center position toward the second light exiting surface when viewed from the laminated direction,
the connection area has a third tapered section having a width that increases from the center position toward the first light exiting surface when viewed from the laminated direction and a fourth tapered section having a width that increases from the center position toward the second light exiting surface when viewed from the laminated direction,
an angle of outer edges of the connection area that specify the width of the third tapered section with respect to a center line of the optical waveguide is greater than an angle of outer edges of the ridge section that specify the width of the first tapered section with respect to the center line when viewed from the laminated direction, and
an angle of outer edges of the connection area that specify the width of the fourth tapered section with respect to the center line is greater than an angle of outer edges of the ridge section that specify the width of the second tapered section with respect to the center line when viewed from the laminated direction.

US Pat. No. 10,115,865

HIGH-PERFORMANCE LED FABRICATION

Soraa, Inc., Fremont, CA...

1. An LED package comprising:a ceramic substrate having a substrate top surface;
a plurality of traces overlaying said substrate top surface;
a plurality of contacts, each contact being electrically connected to one of said traces;
a reflective material disposed over at least a portion of said traces, said reflective material not extending above said plurality of contacts; and
a flip-chip LED die having LED contacts said LED contacts contacting said plurality of contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,115,864

OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES AND AN IMPROVED RADIATION PATTERN

Aledia, Grenoble (FR)

1. An optoelectronic device comprising:a support comprising a conductive layer;
an electrode,
wherein the conductive layer comprises a portion having a concave or convex shape, and the electrode has a concave or convex shape, respectively; and
at least one light-emitting diode disposed between the portion and the electrode, wherein:
the at least one light-emitting diode comprises at least one cylindrical, conical or tapered semiconductor element in contact with a surface of the portion;
an amplitude of a deflection of the surface between the at least one semiconductor element and the portion is smaller than or equal to 0.5 ?m; and
an amplitude of a deflection of the portion is greater than 1/20th of a chord of the portion.

US Pat. No. 10,115,862

FLUIDIC ASSEMBLY TOP-CONTACT LED DISK

eLux Inc., Vancouver, WA...

1. A top-contact light emitting diode (LED) display, the display comprising:a transparent substrate with a top surface comprising a number of wells;
a top-contact LED formed in each of the number of wells, each LED comprising:
a lower disk comprising a material with a first dopant selected from a group consisting of: a p-dopant, and an n-dopant; the lower disk having a bottom surface and a top surface;
a multiple quantum well (MQW) disk overlying the lower disk top surface;
an upper disk comprising a material with a second dopant, wherein the second dopant is opposite the first dopant; the upper disk having a bottom surface overlying the MQW disk, a top surface and a first diameter;
an electrical insulator disk overlying the upper disk top surface, having a second diameter smaller than the first diameter such that at least a portion of a perimeter of the upper disk extending to an outer edge of the upper disk top surface remains uncovered by the electrical insulator disk; and, a via formed through the electrical insulator disk upper disk, and MQW disk, exposing a center contact region of the lower disk top surface.

US Pat. No. 10,115,861

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF

XIAMEN SANAN OPTOELECTRON...

1. A light-emitting diode, comprising:an epitaxial-laminated layer, comprising from bottom to up:
an n-type ohmic contact layer;
a first n-type transition layer;
an n-type etching-stop layer;
a second n-type transition layer;
an n-type confinement layer;
an active layer;
a p-type confinement layer;
a p-type transition layer; and
a p-type window layer;
a p electrode over an upper surface of the p-type window layer;
a metal bonding layer over a bottom surface of the n-type ohmic contact layer, wherein: a portion corresponding to a position of the p electrode extends upwards and passes through the n-type ohmic contact layer and the first n-type transition layer, till the n-type etching-stop layer, thereby forming a current distribution adjustment structure such that injected current does not flow towards the epitaxial-laminated layer right below the p electrode; and
a conductive substrate located over a bottom surface of the metal bonding layer.

US Pat. No. 10,115,860

HIGH VOLTAGE MONOLITHIC LED CHIP

CREE, INC., Durham, NC (...

1. A monolithic LED chip, comprising:a plurality of active regions on a submount;
integral electrically conductive interconnect elements in electrical contact with said plurality of active regions and electrically connecting at least some active regions of said plurality of active regions in parallel or in series-parallel, wherein said interconnect elements are completely embedded within said submount; and
one or more integral insulating layers surrounding at least a portion of said interconnect elements and isolating said at least a portion of said interconnect elements from other elements of said monolithic LED chip.

US Pat. No. 10,115,859

NITRIDE BASED DEVICES INCLUDING A SYMMETRICAL QUANTUM WELL ACTIVE LAYER HAVING A CENTRAL LOW BANDGAP DELTA-LAYER

Lehigh University, Bethl...

1. A III-nitride based semiconductor device comprising:a substrate;
a first barrier layer comprising a GaN-based material formed over said substrate;
a second barrier layer comprising a GaN-based material disposed over said first barrier layer; and
an InGaN-delta-InN quantum well active layer positioned between said first and second barrier layers, said quantum well active layer comprising:
an inner quantum well delta layer of an InN material, said inner quantum well delta layer having a thickness of approximately 6 ? or less, said first nitride-based material having a first bandgap characteristic; and
a pair of outer quantum well layers, each of said pair of outer quantum well layers being of an InGaN material having an Indium content in the range of about 15% to 35%, said pair of outer quantum well layers sandwiching said inner quantum well delta layer, each of said pair of outer quantum well layers having a respective thickness greater than said thickness of said inner quantum well delta layer and measuring approximately 15 ? to 30 ?;
wherein said InGaN-delta-InN quantum well active layer emits light in a wavelength range of about 500 nm to about 750 nm when the semiconductor device is energized.

US Pat. No. 10,115,858

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF

1. A method of fabricating a light emitting diode, the method comprising:providing a substrate;
forming an N-type layer over the substrate;
forming an active layer over the N-type layer;
forming an electronic blocking layer over the active layer; and
forming a P-type layer over the electronic blocking layer, wherein:
the P-type layer comprises a Mg-doped GaN material layer having a Mg impurity concentration of about 2×1019-2×1020 cm?3; and
the P-type layer has a thickness of less than or equal to about 250 ?, and has a surface density of V-type defects of less than or equal to about 5×106 cm?2.

US Pat. No. 10,115,857

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR ELEMENT OF POLYGON SHAPE

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A method for manufacturing a semiconductor element, comprising:providing a semiconductor wafer including a substrate, a semiconductor structure on the substrate, and electrodes;
forming a cleavage starting portion in the semiconductor wafer, without dividing the semiconductor structure; and
dividing the semiconductor wafer into a plurality of semiconductor elements by transferring a pressing member on the semiconductor wafer in a state where the pressing member is pressed against the semiconductor wafer before separating the semiconductor structure, thereby the semiconductor wafer is separated at the cleavage starting portion, wherein
the pressing member includes a tip portion to be pressed on the semiconductor wafer,
the tip portion has a spherical surface, and
each of the plurality of semiconductor elements has a shape of a polygon having five or more angles in a plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,115,856

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CURING CONDUCTIVE PASTE USING INDUCTION HEATING

Tesla, Inc., Palo Alto, ...

1. A system for curing conductive paste applied on a plurality photovoltaic structures, comprising:a wafer carrier for carrying the photovoltaic structures on a first side of the wafer carrier, wherein the wafer carrier includes a base and a strip carrier that is in direct contact with the photovoltaic structures; and
a heater positioned on the first side of the wafer carrier, wherein the heater includes an induction coil configured to operate near the photovoltaic structures, thereby providing localized induced heat for curing the conductive paste, and
two shields positioned on the first side of the wafer carrier and configured to shield a magnetic field caused by the induction coil from metallic parts of the photovoltaic structures other than the conductive paste, wherein a gap between the two shields allows the conductive paste to be exposed to the magnetic field produced by the induction coil.

US Pat. No. 10,115,855

CONDUCTIVE FOIL BASED METALLIZATION OF SOLAR CELLS

SunPower Corporation, Sa...

1. A method of fabricating a solar cell, the method comprising:forming a first cut portion from a conductive foil;
aligning the first cut portion to a first doped region of a first semiconductor substrate, wherein the first cut portion is aligned substantially parallel to the first doped region, wherein aligning the first cut portion to the first doped region of the first semiconductor substrate comprises placing the first cut portion in an aligner having a plurality of slots; and
bonding the first cut portion to the first doped region.

US Pat. No. 10,115,854

METHOD FOR FORMING A VIRTUAL GERMANIUM SUBSTRATE USING A LASER

NewSouth Innovations Pty ...

1. A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device comprising the steps of:providing a substrate;
forming a germanium layer over the substrate, the germanium layer having a concentration of lattice defects;
depositing a dielectric layer onto the germanium layer; thereafter
exposing a region of the germanium layer to laser light through the dielectric layer; thereafter
removing the dielectric layer; and thereafter
forming at least one semiconductor device on a surface portion of the exposed region of the germanium layer comprising growing a plurality of layers comprising III-V compound materials on the formed germanium layer;
wherein the step of exposing the region of the germanium layer to laser light comprises: generating a continuous-wave laser beam and directing the continuous-wave laser beam towards a first edge of the germanium layer and laterally moving the laser beam along the length of the germanium layer from the first edge to a second edge.

US Pat. No. 10,115,853

ELECTRONIC POWER CELL MEMORY BACK-UP BATTERY

Colossus EPC Inc., Gilbe...

1. An electronic power cell memory back-up battery comprising:a light source, wherein the light source emits light in response to receiving light source input power;
a photovoltaic device, wherein the photovoltaic device outputs photovoltaic-generated electrical power in response to receiving light from the light source;
power modulation circuitry electrically coupled to the light source and photovoltaic device;
wherein a first portion of the photovoltaic-generated electrical power output by the photovoltaic device is the light source input power;
wherein the power modulation circuitry receives the light source input power, alters the light source input power to provide a periodic light source input power, and provides the periodic light source input power to the light source;
wherein a second portion of the photovoltaic-generated electrical power output by the photovoltaic device is a power source output power; and
wherein the light source comprises:
a light-emitting device, wherein the light emitting device emits light of a first peak wavelength in response to receiving light source input power; and
a light photon releaser (LPR) material, wherein the LPR material emits light of a second peak wavelength in response to receiving light of the first peak wavelength from the light-emitting device, wherein the LPR material comprises a compound doped with phosphorus, europium, and/or elements from the Lanthanide series; and
a block of optical coupling material, wherein the light-emitting device and the LPR material are embedded in the block of optical coupling material;
wherein the battery further comprises at least one mirror having an interior surface facing the light source and coated with LPR material, wherein the LPR material coating is in contact with the optical coupling material.

US Pat. No. 10,115,851

SOLAR CELL HAVING A DIELECTRIC REAR FACE COATING AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

Centrotherm Photovoltaics...

1. A method for production of a solar cell, comprising:arranging a solar cell substrate in a retaining device having at least one retaining collar, being brought to abut against the at least one retaining collar;
inserting the retaining device into a coating device and depositing a dielectric coating on the back side of the solar cell substrate;
applying a planar contact on at least parts of the dielectric coating;
when the planar contact is applied on at least some parts of the dielectric coating, leaving free those areas which have been shaded by the retaining collars during the deposition of the dielectric coating;
configuring the planar contact in such a way that its boundary line has at least one recess; and
configuring and arranging the planar contact in such a way that the at least one recess leaves at least part of those areas which have been shaded by the retaining collars during the deposition of the dielectric coating free from a covering with the planar contact.

US Pat. No. 10,115,850

ROOF INTEGRATED SOLAR PANEL SYSTEM WITH SIDE MOUNTED MICRO INVERTERS

Building Materials Invest...

1. A roof integrated solar power system for generating electrical power from sunlight, the solar power system comprising:a plurality of modules configured to be installed in overlapping courses on a roof, each module including:
a frame having a top surface with an exposure portion to be exposed to sunlight when the module is installed and a headlap portion to be covered by a module in a next higher course of modules when the power system is installed, the exposure portion having opposed ends;
a photovoltaic panel recess formed in the exposure portion of the frame, the photovoltaic panel recess having a first end adjacent one of the opposed ends of the frame and a second end spaced from the other one of the opposed ends of the frame;
a photovoltaic panel having ends, a forward edge, a rear edge, and a top surface and being mounted within the photovoltaic panel recess;
an electronics compartment recess formed in the exposure portion of the frame within the space between the second end of the photovoltaic panel recess and the other one of the opposed ends of the frame;
a micro-inverter and first wiring mounted within the electronics compartment recess; an access panel removably attached to the top of the frame covering the electronics compartment recess, the access panel having a forward edge aligned with the forward edge of the photovoltaic panel and a rear edge aligned with the rear edge of the photovoltaic panel when the access panel is attached to the top of the frame; and
a top surface of the access panel and the top surface of the photovoltaic panel being flush with the top surface of the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,115,849

SOLAR CELL AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A method of fabricating a solar cell, the method comprising:forming a back electrode layer on a substrate;
forming a light absorbing layer on the back electrode layer;
forming a first buffer layer on the light absorbing layer;
forming a second buffer layer on the first buffer layer; and
forming a front electrode layer on the second buffer layer;
wherein the first buffer layer or the second buffer layer comprises at least one of zinc sulfide (ZnS), zinc oxide (ZnO), and zinc hydroxide (Zn(OH)2),
wherein in order to form the buffer layer, the substrate is dipped into the solution in which an ammonia water is dissolved
wherein the forming the first buffer layer, the concentration of the ammonia water is in the range of 1 M to 4 M,
wherein the forming the second buffer layer, the concentration of the ammonia water is in the range of 5 M to 7 M,
wherein a difference in the concentration of ammonia water between the steps of forming the first and second buffer layers is in the range of 3 M to 6 M,
wherein simultaneously with the forming the first buffer layer, the second buffer layer is formed by adjusting the concentration of the ammonia water of the solution,
wherein the second buffer layer is in direct physical contact with the front electrode layer,
wherein the first buffer layer or the second buffer layer has a thickness in a range of about 15 nm to about 50 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,115,848

METHOD OF TRANSFERRING THIN FILM

NATIONAL TSING HUA UNIVER...

1. A method of transferring a thin film, comprising:providing a first element structure, wherein the first element structure includes a first substrate and a functional film layer formed on the first substrate;
completely removing the first substrate, wherein steps of the completely removing the first substrate include conducting an etching step to erode the first substrate and conducting a grinding step to planarize the eroded first substrate, and wherein the etching step and the grinding step are separately and repeatedly conducted until the first substrate is completely removed; and
after completely removing the first substrate, attaching the functional film layer on a second substrate to form a second element structure without flipping the functional film layer;
wherein the first substrate is a soda glass substrate, the functional film layer is a solar cell layer, and the functional film layer includes a back electrode layer, a light absorbing layer, a buffer layer, and a transparent conductive layer, and wherein the light absorbing layer is disposed between the back electrode layer and the transparent conductive layer, and the buffer layer is disposed between the light absorbing layer and the transparent conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,115,845

COMPOSITION FOR FORMING SOLAR CELL ELECTRODES AND ELECTRODES FABRICATED USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A composition for forming solar cell electrodes, the composition comprising a conductive powder, a glass frit, an organic vehicle, and a surface tension modifier having a surface tension of 40 to 60 mN/m, the composition for forming solar cell electrodes having a tackiness of 60% to 90% represented by the following Expression 1:
wherein, in Expression 1, A represents a minimum shear stress value of shear stress measured while detaching a pair of circular plates, from each other, which have a diameter of 25 mm and have been laminated in parallel to each other by a medium of the composition for forming solar cell electrodes, by applying an external force, and B represents a shear stress value at a point at which an instantaneous rate of change of shear stress with respect to a gap between the plates (d (shear stress)/d (gap)) is 0.05.

US Pat. No. 10,115,844

ELECTRODES COMPRISING NANOSTRUCTURED CARBON

SEERSTONE LLC, Provo, UT...

1. A method of producing a sintered object, comprising:mixing a mass of nanostructured carbon particles with at least one fluid containing a dissolved carbon source to produce a paste;
pyrolyzing the paste such that the dissolved carbon source forms residual solid carbon within a cohesive body of the nanostructured carbon particles; and
sintering the cohesive body of the nanostructured carbon particles with the residual solid carbon at a pressure from about 10 MPa to about 1000 MPa to form contacts between adjacent nanostructured carbon particles to provide an electrical path between at least two remote points of the cohesive body.

US Pat. No. 10,115,843

BROADBAND ANTIREFLECTION COATINGS UNDER COVERGLASS USING ION GUN ASSISTED EVAPORATION

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A method of forming an antireflective coating, comprising:depositing a first layer comprising titanium dioxide and having a first index of refraction within a range of about 2.3 to about 2.7 using ion beam-assisted deposition;
depositing an intermediate layer by e-beam evaporation comprising titanium dioxide on the first layer, the intermediate layer having an index of refraction and a density less than the first layer;
depositing a second layer on the intermediate layer by e-beam evaporation, the second layer having an index of refraction less than the intermediate layer and within a range of about 1.8 to about 2.1; and
depositing a third layer on the second layer, the third layer having an index of refraction within a range of about 1.6 to about 1.8.

US Pat. No. 10,115,840

SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THEREOF

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A solar cell comprising:a semiconductor substrate of a first conductivity type comprising main surfaces that are opposite to each other wherein one of the main surfaces is a light-receiving surface, the other main surface is a backside, and the backside of the semiconductor substrate has a region of the first conductivity type and a region of a second conductivity type, being an opposite conductivity type to the first conductivity type;
a first finger electrode composed of a first contact portion joined to the region of the first conductivity type and a first current collector formed on the first contact portion;
a second finger electrode composed of a second contact portion joined to the region of the second conductivity type and a second current collector formed on the second contact portion;
a first bus bar electrode being in electrical contact with the first current collector;
a second bus bar electrode being in electrical contact with the second current collector;
a first insulator film disposed at least in the whole area just under the first bus bar electrode; and
a second insulator film disposed at least in the whole area just under the second bus bar electrode;
wherein the entire area of the first bus bar electrode is disposed on the first insulator film;
the entire area of the second bus bar electrode is disposed on the second insulator film;
the electrical contact between the first current collector and the first bus bar electrode is made on the first insulator film;
the electrical contact between the second current collector and the second bus bar electrode is made on the second insulator film;
the first contact portion is in a continuous line shape at least just under the second insulator film; and
the second contact portion is in a continuous line shape at least just under the first insulator film.

US Pat. No. 10,115,838

PHOTOVOLTAIC STRUCTURES WITH INTERLOCKING BUSBARS

Tesla, Inc., Palo Alto, ...

1. A photovoltaic structure, comprising:a first metallic grid positioned on a first surface of the photovoltaic structure, wherein the first metallic grid includes a first set of discontinuous segments positioned near an edge of the photovoltaic structure; and
a second metallic grid positioned on a second surface of the photovoltaic structure, wherein the second metallic grid includes a second set of discontinuous segments positioned near an opposite edge of the photovoltaic structure;
wherein the first and the second sets of discontinuous segments have substantially complementary topology profiles such that, when the edge of the photovoltaic structure overlaps with an opposite edge of an adjacent photovoltaic structure with a same metallic-grid configuration, a respective segment on the first surface of the photovoltaic structure fits in a corresponding gap between two neighboring segments on the second surface of the adjacent photovoltaic structure, thereby facilitating interlocking of the segments between the two photovoltaic structures wherein, within each of the first and second metallic grids, the discontinuous segments are not directly coupled to one another by a metallic material except by segments of another grid when two photovoltaic structures are overlapped.

US Pat. No. 10,115,837

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS WITH SOLAR CELLS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

Globalfoundries Singapore...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a substrate comprising a handle layer, a buried insulator layer overlying the handle layer, and an active layer overlying the buried insulator layer, wherein the handle layer comprises monocrystalline silicon and the active layer comprises monocrystalline silicon;
a transistor overlying the buried insulator layer;
a solar cell within the handle layer such that the buried insulator layer is between the solar cell and the transistor, wherein the solar cell comprises a solar cell outer layer in electrical communication with a solar cell outer layer contact, a solar cell inner layer in electrical communication with a solar cell inner layer contact, and wherein the solar cell inner layer and the solar cell outer layer are monocrystalline silicon;
a deep bias well underlying the buried insulator layer and the transistor, wherein the deep bias well overlies the solar cell inner layer; and
a deep bias well contact in electrical communication with the deep bias well.

US Pat. No. 10,115,835

VARIABLE CAPACITOR BASED ON BURIED OXIDE PROCESS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A semiconductor variable capacitor comprising:a substrate;
a first conductive pad coupled to a first non-insulative region;
a second conductive pad coupled to a second non-insulative region, wherein the second non-insulative region is coupled to a first semiconductor region;
a first control region coupled to the first semiconductor region such that a capacitance between the first conductive pad and the second conductive pad is configured to be adjusted by varying a control voltage applied to the first control region; and
a first insulator region between the first semiconductor region and the substrate with respect to an axis perpendicular to the substrate, wherein at least a portion of the first non-insulative region is separated from the first semiconductor region by the first insulator region such that the first conductive pad is electrically isolated from the second conductive pad.