US Pat. No. 10,714,311

INDIVIDUAL BEAM DETECTOR FOR MULTIPLE BEAMS, MULTI-BEAM IRRADIATION APPARATUS, AND INDIVIDUAL BEAM DETECTION METHOD FOR MULTIPLE BEAMS

NuFlare Technology, Inc.,...

1. An individual beam detector for multiple beams comprising:a thin film configured in which a passage hole smaller than a pitch between beams of multiple beams each being an electron beam and larger than a diameter of a beam of the multiple beams is formed, and through which the multiple beams can penetrate;
a support base configured to support the thin film, in which an opening is formed under a region including the passage hole in the thin film, and a width size of the opening is formed to have a temperature of a periphery of the passage hole in the thin film higher than an evaporation temperature of impurities adhering to the periphery in a case that the thin film is irradiated with the multiple beams; and
a sensor arranged, in a case where a surface of the thin film is scanned with the multiple beams, at a position away from the thin film by a distance based on which a detection target beam having passed through the passage hole of the thin film can be detected by the sensor as a detection value with contrast discernible from beams which have penetrated the thin film and are passing the opening without being blocked by the support base.

US Pat. No. 10,714,310

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR HIGH THROUGHPUT SEM AND AFM FOR CHARACTERIZATION OF NANOSTRUCTURED SURFACES

NANOWEAR INC., Brooklyn,...

1. A method of forming an overlay image, comprising(a) providing an SEM image of a nanosensor sample including a plurality of vertically free standing nanostructures;
(b) AFM imaging a top portion of selected ones of the plurality of vertically standing nano structures;
(c) creating an overlaid image including an AFM imaged top portion overlayed on the SEM image.

US Pat. No. 10,714,309

USING IMAGES FROM SECONDARY MICROSCOPE DETECTORS TO AUTOMATICALLY GENERATE LABELED IMAGES FROM PRIMARY MICROSCOPE DETECTORS

FEI Company, Hillsboro, ...

1. A method for generating labeled images from a microscope detector of a first modality by leveraging detector data from a different microscope detector of a different modality:applying a focused charged beam to a sample;
generating, using an X-ray detector system and based on emissions resultant from the focused charged beam being incident on the sample, X-ray detector data;
automatically generating, by one or more processors of a computing device, a labeled first image based on the X-ray detector data, the labeled first image including composition information about at least a portion of the sample, wherein the automatically generating the labeled first image comprises:
generating, by the one or more processors and based on the X-ray detector data, a first image of the sample;
determining, by the one or more processors based on the X-ray detector data and using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, composition information about a portion of the sample; and
automatically labeling, by the one or more processors, a region of the first image that is associated with the portion of the sample with the composition information;
generating, based on the emissions resultant from the focused charged beam being incident on the sample, a second image using a microscope detector system, wherein the microscope detector system is of a different modality than the X-ray detector system; and
automatically labeling, by the one or more processors and based on the second image and the first image, a region of the second image associated with the portion of the sample with the composition information from the labeled first image.

US Pat. No. 10,714,307

NEUTRAL ATOM IMAGING SYSTEM

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

12. A neutral atom imaging system, comprising:a neutral helium imaging sub-system, wherein the neutral helium imaging sub-system comprises:
a neutral atom source configured to generate a beam of neutral atoms and direct the beam to a sample;
an ionizer configured to collect neutral atoms scattered from the surface of the sample and to ionize the collected neutral atoms to generate ionized atoms;
a selector configured to receive the ionized atoms from the ionizer and to selectively filter the ionized atoms;
one or more ion optics; and
a detector, wherein the one or more ion optics are configured to receive selected ionized atoms from the selector and focus the selected ionized atoms onto the detector, wherein the detector is configured to generate one or more images of the sample based on received selected ionized atoms; and
a controller comprising a memory and one or more processors, the controller configured to receive the one or more images from the detector and determine one or more characteristics of the sample based on the one or more images.

US Pat. No. 10,714,304

CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM APPARATUS

Hitachi High-Tech Corpora...

1. A charged particle beam device comprising:an optical element configured to adjust a charged particle beam emitted from a charged particle source;
an adjustment element configured to adjust the charged particle beam incident on the optical element; and
a control device configured to control the adjustment element, wherein
the control device obtains an extent of deviation from an equilibrium temperature of the optical element based on a condition setting of the optical element and executes adjustment with the adjustment element when the extent of deviation satisfies a predetermined condition.

US Pat. No. 10,714,303

ENABLING HIGH THROUGHPUT ELECTRON CHANNELING CONTRAST IMAGING (ECCI) BY VARYING ELECTRON BEAM ENERGY

International Business Ma...

1. A method for electron channeling contrast imaging (ECCI) of a crystalline wafer, the method comprising the steps of:placing the crystalline wafer under an electron microscope having an angle of less than 90° relative to a surface of the crystalline wafer;
generating an electron beam, by the electron microscope, incident on the crystalline wafer;
varying an accelerating voltage of the electron microscope to access a channeling condition of the crystalline wafer;
varying the accelerating voltage of the electron microscope to access at least one different channeling condition of the crystalline wafer; and
obtaining an image of the crystalline wafer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,302

ION BEAM IRRADIATION APPARATUS

NISSIN ION EQUIPMENT CO.,...

1. An apparatus comprising:a beam current measuring device configured to be retractably moved into an ion beam trajectory so as to measure an ion beam current;
a first electrode disposed immediately upstream of the beam current measuring device in an ion beam transport channel, the first electrode being configured to serve both as a suppressor electrode for repelling secondary electrons released from the beam current measuring device, back toward the beam current measuring device while measuring the ion beam current, and as a beam optical element other than the suppressor electrode that controls the ion beam passing therethrough;
a second electrode disposed immediately upstream of the first electrode in the ion beam transport channel; and
an energy filter disposed downstream of the first electrode,
wherein a voltage difference between a second voltage potential of the second electrode and a voltage potential of a target disposed in a processing chamber determines an acceleration and deceleration of the ion beam traveling in the ion beam transport channel toward a target position of the target, and
a first voltage potential of the first electrode suppresses excessive convergence of the ion beam which would otherwise occur in the ion beam transport channel.

US Pat. No. 10,714,301

CONDUCTIVE BEAM OPTICS FOR REDUCING PARTICLES IN ION IMPLANTER

Varian Semiconductor Equi...

1. An ion implantation system, comprising:an electrostatic filter for delivering an ion beam to a wafer, the electrostatic filter comprising:
a housing having an exit proximate the wafer; and
a plurality of conductive beam optics within the housing, the plurality of conductive beam optics arranged around an ion beam-line, and the plurality of conductive beam optics comprising:
a set of entrance aperture electrodes proximate an entrance aperture of the housing;
a set of energetic electrodes downstream along the ion beam-line from the set of entrance aperture electrodes;
a set of ground electrodes downstream along the ion beam-line of the set of energetic electrodes, wherein the set of energetic electrodes is positioned farther away from the ion beam-line than the set of entrance aperture electrodes and the set of ground electrodes; and
a set of terminal electrodes positioned between the set of entrance aperture electrodes and the set of energetic electrodes; and
an electrical system in communication with the electrostatic filter, the electrical system operable to supply a voltage and a current to the plurality of conductive beam optics.

US Pat. No. 10,714,300

STATIONARY ANODE FOR AN X-RAY GENERATOR, AND X-RAY GENERATOR

SIEMENS HEALTHCARE GMBH, ...

1. A stationary anode for an X-ray generator, comprising:a main anode body; and
an internal cooling duct, running in an axial direction, to convey a cooling fluid to a heat exchange surface of the main anode body that is disposed opposite a target, wherein a nozzle, disposed at an end of the internal cooling duct, is positioned with respect to the heat exchange surface via stop elements such that, between the heat exchange surface and the nozzle, a gap is formed extending over an angular range of 360° about the axial direction, a central region of the heat exchange surface being conically shaped and forming a conically shaped region disposed opposite a funnel-shaped outlet orifice of the nozzle, wherein the conically shaped region of the heat exchange surface extends into the funnel-shaped outlet orifice.

US Pat. No. 10,714,299

THERMOELECTRICALLY-COOLED X-RAY SHIELD

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for x-ray backscatter inspection, the system comprising:an interior cavity;
a non-conductive fluid contained within the interior cavity;
a power source within the interior cavity and submerged in the non-conductive fluid;
an x-ray cathode within the interior cavity, submerged in the non-conductive fluid, and coupled to the power source;
an x-ray anode within the interior cavity, submerged in the non-conductive fluid, and positioned to receive an electron emission from the x-ray cathode to generate an x-ray emission; and
a thermoelectric cooler surrounding the interior cavity and operable to draw heat from the non-conductive fluid, wherein the thermoelectric cooler comprises a heat dissipation layer forming an exterior surface of the system and a heat absorption layer disposed opposite the heat dissipation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,298

X-RAY ARRANGEMENT WITH STATOR OPTIMIZED FOR MINIMAL FOCAL SPOT MOVEMENT

SIEMENS HEALTHCARE GMBH, ...

1. An X-ray arrangement, comprising:a vacuum vessel, a rotating anode and a rotor of an electrical machine being non-rotatably interconnected rotatably mounted in the vacuum vessel such that the rotating anode and the rotor are rotatable about an axis of rotation, wherein, viewed in a direction of an axis of rotation, a stator is disposed in a region of the rotor, externally enclosing the vacuum vessel in a radial manner with respect to the axis of rotation,
wherein the rotor and the stator together constitute a rotary electrical machine by which the rotating anode is rotatable about the axis of rotation,
wherein the stator includes a laminated core which, viewed orthogonally to the axis of rotation, includes a yoke running around the axis of rotation and from which stator teeth extend onto the axis of rotation, and
wherein a winding system, including a plurality of individual phases, is disposed in spaces between the stator teeth of the laminated stator core, the winding system including windings, individual turns of the windings each being configured to respectively engage over a plurality of the stator teeth, and the stator being designed such that when identical phase voltages are applied to the individual phases of the winding system, the individual phases are each respectively configured to produce stray magnetic fields of identical magnitude.

US Pat. No. 10,714,297

SPIRAL GROOVE BEARING ASSEMBLY WITH MINIMIZED DEFLECTION

General Electric Company,...

1. A bearing assembly adapted for use with an x-ray tube, the assembly comprising:a. a shaft;
b. a sleeve rotatably disposed around the shaft, the sleeve including a seating portion forming an open end of the sleeve, wherein the seating portion includes at least one axial slot formed therein; and
c. a thrust seal seated at least partially within the seating portion, the thrust seal having a central aperture through which the shaft extends.

US Pat. No. 10,714,296

ION SOURCE WITH TAILORED EXTRACTION SHAPE

Axcelis Technologies, Inc...

1. An ion source, comprising:an ion source housing defining an ion generating chamber for confining a high density concentration of ions therein; and
an extraction member associated with the ion source housing defining an extraction aperture for allowing ions to exit the ion generating chamber, wherein the extraction aperture has a tailored shape characterized by having a longitudinal axis and a lateral axis, the extraction aperture being further defined by:
a central portion having a first width dimension extending along the lateral axis: and
first and second distal portions extending from opposite sides of the central portion along the longitudinal axis, the opposed distal portions having a second width dimension extending parallel to the lateral axis that is greater than the first width dimension of the central portion;
wherein the extraction member has a side profile that is convex such that a depth dimension of the extraction member is greatest adjacent the central portion of the tailored shape extraction aperture and has a reduced depth dimension adjacent the distal portions.

US Pat. No. 10,714,295

METAL ENCAPSULATED PHOTOCATHODE ELECTRON EMITTER

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An electron emitter comprising:a photocathode structure that includes one or more of Cs2Te, CsKTe, CsI, CsBr, GaAs, GaN, InSb, CsKSb, or a metal;
a substrate;
a protective film disposed on an exterior surface of the photocathode structure opposite the substrate, wherein the protective film includes one or more of ruthenium, nickel, platinum, chromium, copper, gold, silver, aluminum, or an alloy thereof; and
a second protective film between the substrate and the photocathode structure, wherein the second protective film includes one or more of ruthenium, nickel, platinum, chromium, copper, gold, silver, aluminum, or an alloy thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,714,294

METAL PROTECTIVE LAYER FOR ELECTRON EMITTERS WITH A DIFFUSION BARRIER

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:an emitter, wherein the emitter has a diameter of 100 nm or less;
a protective cap layer disposed on an exterior surface of the emitter, wherein the protective cap layer includes molybdenum; and
a diffusion barrier between the emitter and the protective cap layer, wherein the diffusion barrier includes TiN, carbon, B4C, or boron.

US Pat. No. 10,714,293

CARBON NANOTUBE FIBER CARPET STRUCTURE

1. An apparatus comprisinga backing material; and
a plurality of looped carbon nanotube (CNT) fiber conductors fixed to the backing material and extending outward from the backing material in an array, wherein the CNT fiber conductor comprises a first end and a second end, the first end fixed to the backing material, and the second end fixed to the backing material a predetermined distance from the first end in order to form a loop of the CNT fiber conductor extending away from a backing material surface.

US Pat. No. 10,714,292

METHOD OF FABRICATING TUNGSTEN SCANDATE NANO-COMPOSITE POWDER FOR CATHODES

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A method of fabricating tungsten scandate nano-composite powder for cathodes, the method comprising:(a) obtaining the following materials:
(i) about 25.468 grams of ammonium meta tungstate [(NH4)6H2W12O40];
(ii) about 3.366 grams of scandium(III) nitrate [Sc(NO3)3]; and
(iii) about 10 grams to about 30 grams of citric acid [C6H8O7];
(b) mixing about 100 ml to about 300 ml of deionized water with the ammonium meta tungstate and stirring the mixture to form a first solution;
(c) mixing about 20 ml to about 200 ml of deionized water with the scandium nitrate and stirring the mixture to form a second solution;
(d) combining the first solution and the second solution in a flask to form a third solution;
(e) stirring the third solution while adding the citric acid and ethylene glycol until mixed;
(f) placing the flask into an oil bath and heating the bath at temperatures ranging between about 70° C. to about 150° C., and continuing to stir the mixed third solution during this process for about 15 hours or until the third solution becomes a gelatinized material;
(g) placing the gelatinized material into an air vented oven at temperatures ranging from about 140° C. to about 200° C. for about 2 hours to about 6 hours to form a solidified gel;
(h) removing the solidified gel from the flask and crushing it into powder;
(i) placing the crushed powder into an air vented oven at temperatures ranging from about 400° C. to about 600° C. for about 2 hours to about 6 hours to form a produced powder; and
(j) placing the produced powder into a vacuum or nitrogen atmosphere to protect it from oxidation and water absorption.

US Pat. No. 10,714,291

RELAY

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A relay comprising:a first contact;
a terminal to which the first contact is attached;
a second contact disposed at a position facing the first contact;
a contact piece to which the second contact is attached;
a pressing member configured to move to an off-position at which the first contact and the second contact come into a non-contact state, and an on-position at which the first contact and the second contact come into a contact state by press of the pressing member against the contact piece; and
an actuator configured to move the pressing member from the off-position to the on-position via an overshoot position located beyond the on-position, wherein
the contact piece includes a body and a low rigidity portion having rigidity lower than rigidity of the body, and
the pressing member presses the low rigidity portion.

US Pat. No. 10,714,290

ELECTROMAGNETIC RELAY

Omron Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An electromagnetic relay comprising: a housing including a first compartment and a second compartment mutually separated by an insulating wall;a first fixed contact terminal secured to the housing and extending from outside the housing to the first compartment, the first fixed contact terminal including a first fixed contact point in the first compartment;
a second fixed contact terminal secured to the housing and extending from outside the housing to the first compartment, the second fixed contact terminal electrically isolated from the first fixed contact terminal and including a second fixed contact point in the first compartment;
a movable contact arranged in the first compartment, and including a first movable contact point and a second movable contact point, the first and second movable contact points facing the first and second fixed contact points which are arranged between the first and second movable contact points and the insulating wall; the first and second movable contact points configured to travel in a contact movement direction in which the first and second movable contact points make contact with and separate from the first and second fixed contact points;
a movable shaft extending from the first compartment to the second compartment in the contact movement direction with one end in the extension direction arranged in the first compartment and the other end in the extension direction arranged in the second compartment via a through-hole that passes through the insulating wall in the contact movement direction, the one end in the extension direction connected to the movable contact in the first compartment and configured to travel together with the movable contact in the contact movement direction; and
a coil spring provided in the first compartment between the movable contact and the insulating wall in the contact movement direction with the movable shaft passing therethrough, the coil spring biasing the first and second movable contact points toward the opposing first and second fixed contact points;
a solenoid in the second compartment configured to drive the movable shaft in the contact movement direction;
the first fixed contact terminal and the second fixed contact terminal each including:
a contact arrangement portion arranged in the first compartment and secured to the first fixed contact point or the second fixed contact point;
an external terminal outside the housing in a direction intersecting with the contact movement direction; and
an intermediate portion held by the insulating wall and connecting the contact arrangement portion and the external terminal and curved near the second compartment relative to a virtual line that connects both ends in the extension direction thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,714,289

ELECTROMAGNETIC RELAY

Omron Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An electromagnetic relay comprising: a housing including a first compartment and a second compartment mutually separated by an insulating wall;a first fixed contact terminal secured to the housing and extending from outside the housing to the first compartment, the first fixed contact terminal including a first fixed contact point in the first compartment;
a second fixed contact terminal secured to the housing and extending from outside the housing to the first compartment, the second fixed contact terminal electrically isolated from the first fixed contact terminal and including a second fixed contact point in the first compartment;
a movable contact arranged in the first compartment, and including a first movable contact point and a second movable contact point, the first and second movable contact points facing the first and second fixed contact points which are arranged between the first and second movable contact points and the insulating wall; the first and second movable contact points configured to travel in a contact movement direction in which the first and second movable contact points contact with and separate from the first and second fixed contact points;
a movable shaft extending from the first compartment to the second compartment in the contact movement direction with one end in the extension direction arranged in the first compartment and the other end in the extension direction arranged in the second compartment via a through-hole that passes through the insulating wall in the contact movement direction, the one end in the extension direction connected to the movable contact in the first compartment and configured to travel together with the movable contact in the contact movement direction; and
a coil spring provided in the first compartment between the movable contact and the insulating wall in the contact movement direction with the movable shaft passing therethrough, the coil spring configured to create a force biasing the first and second movable contact points toward the opposing first and second fixed contact points;
a solenoid in the second compartment configured to drive the movable shaft in the contact movement direction;
the movable contact including:
a contact body connected to the first end of the movable shaft which extends in the contact movement direction; and
a first holder between the contact body and the insulating wall and connected to the contact body;
the movable shaft including:
a second holder at the first end thereof between the contact body and the first holder;
the second holder extending in a direction intersecting the extension direction of the movable shaft and together with the first holder holding the coil spring; wherein
after the first and second movable contact points move toward the opposing first and second fixed contact points, and the first and second movable contact points touch the first and second fixed contact points, the second holder approaches the first holder and the movable shaft compresses the coil spring as the movable shaft moves further along the contacting direction, causing the coil spring to create the biasing force.

US Pat. No. 10,714,288

RELAY DEVICE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A relay device comprising:a switch that switches a power line, serving as a path for power supplied from a first power storage device to a plurality of loads, between an electrified state and a non-electrified state,
a first relay that switches a first conductive path, serving as a path from the switch to at least one specific load, between an electrified state and a non-electrified state,
a second relay that switches a second conductive path, serving as a path between a second power storage device and the at least one specific load, between an electrified state and a non-electrified state, and
a controller that causes the operation of the second relay to be turned OFF until an abnormality is detected by an abnormality detector, and, when the abnormality has been detected by the abnormality detector, causes the second relay to operate in a manner corresponding to the operation of the first relay that was being performed before detection of the abnormality by the abnormality detector, wherein:
the controller is configured to detect a state of the switch,
before the abnormality is detected by the abnormality detector, the controller causes the first relay to be turned ON when the switch has been turned ON, and causes the first relay to be turned OFF when the switch has been turned OFF, and
when the abnormality has been detected by the abnormality detector, the controller causes the second relay to operate in a manner corresponding to the operation of the first relay that was being performed up until detection of the abnormality by the abnormality detector, based on the state of the switch detected by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,714,287

FUSE ELEMENT

HKR AUTOMOTIVE GMBH, (DE...

1. A fuse element for an electric circuit, arranged on a circuit board of the electric circuit, the fuse element comprising:a surface area for fastening and establishing an electric contact of the fuse element on the circuit board,
a first deforming area adjacent to the surface area,
a second deforming area which is connected to the first deforming area via a central area, and wherein the second deforming area includes a contact area by which the fuse element abuts on the circuit board, and
a hook-shaped element formed on the second deforming area and being insertable into an opening in the circuit board disposed adjacent to the contact area of the second deforming area, wherein
the hook-shaped element is insertable into the opening of the circuit board by elastic deformation of the fuse element in the direction of the circuit board, and
due to an elastic bias of the hook-shaped element toward the second deforming area after inserting the hook-shaped element into the opening and positively holding the hook-shaped element on a lower surface of the circuit board adjacent to the opening, the first and second deforming areas exert an elastic force upon the surface area in the direction away from the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,714,286

MAGNETICALLY ACTIVATED SWITCH HAVING MAGNETOSTRICTIVE MATERIAL

Littelfuse, Inc., Chicag...

1. A switch assembly comprising:a first contact element operable with a second contact element to form an open circuit or a closed circuit, at least one of the first contact element and the second contact element including a magnetostrictive element coupled to a bi-metallic strip, the magnetostrictive element operable to bias the first contact element and the second contact element relative to one another to form the open circuit or the closed circuit, wherein the bi-metallic strip comprises a first strip formed of a first metal having a first coefficient of thermal expansion and a second strip coupled to the first strip and formed of a second metal having a second coefficient of thermal expansion different from the first coefficient of thermal expansion.

US Pat. No. 10,714,285

ELECTROMECHANICAL SWITCHING DEVICE UTILIZING CONTACTS ON ALUMINUM CONDUCTORS AND METHOD OF ADHESION

1. A method of making an electrical switching device, comprising:percussion welding a first contact to a first substrate to form a first static contact assembly,
percussion welding a second contact to a second substrate to form a second static contact assembly, and
percussion welding third and fourth contacts to a third substrate to form a movable contact assembly,
arranging the first and second static contact assemblies relative to each other such that the first static contact assembly is separated by a gap from the second contact assembly,
arranging the movable contact assembly such that the movable contact assembly is movable between an engaged position where the movable contact assembly makes an electrical connection between the first static contact assembly and the second static contact assembly, and a disengaged position where the movable contact assembly does not make the electrical connection between the first static contact assembly and the second static contact assembly,
connecting the movable contact assembly to an activator that when actuated, moves the movable contact assembly to the engaged position, and
connecting the movable contact assembly to a spring that moves the movable contact assembly to the disengaged position when the activator is not actuated,
wherein the first contact, the second contact, the third contact, and the fourth contact each comprise silver,
wherein the first substrate, the second substrate, and the third substrate each comprise aluminum, and
wherein the first contact, the second contact, the third contact, and the fourth contact each include, prior to the percussion welding, a projection that focuses an arc during the percussion welding.

US Pat. No. 10,714,284

DIAL APPARATUS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A dial apparatus comprising:an operation member to be rotatably operated;
a contact member including at least three contact portions and configured to rotate as the operation member rotates; and
a substrate provided with a signal pattern provided on each of a plurality of concentric circles with a center at a rotation center of the operation member,
wherein the dial apparatus outputs a binary code when each of the plurality of contact portions contacts each of the plurality of signal patterns as the operation member rotates,
wherein the plurality of signal patterns includes a reference signal area connected to a reference potential, a first signal area configured to output a first signal, and a second signal area configured to output a second signal,
wherein the plurality of signal patterns has a first signal pattern provided with the reference signal area and a second signal pattern provided with the first signal area,
wherein the first signal pattern is provided with the second signal area in an area other than the reference signal area of the first signal pattern,
wherein a first contact portion of the plurality of contact portions contacts the reference signal area of the first signal pattern provided with the second signal area,
wherein a second contact portion of the plurality of contact portions contacts the reference signal area of the first signal pattern provided with the second signal area;
wherein a third contact portion of the plurality of contact portions contacts the second signal pattern provided with the first signal area,
wherein a contact of the first contact portion with the reference signal area of the first signal pattern and a contact of the second contact portion with the second signal area of the first signal pattern are simultaneously performed,
wherein a contact of the second contact portion with the reference signal area of the first signal pattern and a contact of the first contact portion with the second signal area of the first signal pattern are simultaneously performed, and
wherein a contact of the third contact portion with the second signal pattern and a contact of the first contact portion or the second contact portion with the reference signal area of the first signal pattern are simultaneously performed.

US Pat. No. 10,714,283

SWITCH FOR AN ELECTRICAL DEVICE

ELRAD INTERNATIONAL D.O.O...

1. A switch for an electrical device, the switch comprising:a switch housing having a contact space defined therein;
first and second bushings mounted in the switch housing;
at least one printed circuit board received in the contact space of the switch housing; and
a slide control configured to set a speed of the electrical device, the slide control including:
a plurality of electrical components mounted on the at least one printed circuit board; and
an operating element movable through a range of adjustment positions, the operating element in all of the adjustment positions being in sliding and sealing engagement with and extending through the first bushing into the contact space and being in sliding and sealing engagement with and extending through the second bushing out of the contact space.

US Pat. No. 10,714,282

KEYBOARD SWITCH LINK MEMBER CONFIGURATION

Omron Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A switch comprising:a base comprising a first wall surface and a second wall surface;
an operation unit disposed above the base and moving in a contacting-separating direction with respect to the base in response to an external force;
a pair of link members removably coupled to the operation unit and configured to guide movement of the operation unit in the contacting-separating direction; and
a coupling portion configured to turnably couple the pair of link members,
wherein each of the pair of link members each includes a coupling-portion-side supported portion supported on one of the base and the operation unit and an end-side supported portion supported on the other of the base and the operation unit,
wherein the first wall surface and the second wall surface provide a movement space through which the coupling portion and the coupling-portion-side supported portion of the pair of link members, turned around the coupling portion to be folded, is allowed to pass, and
wherein in a state where the pair of link members is supported on the base and the operation unit, the coupling-portion-side supported portion is not allowed to pass
through a gap formed between the first wall surface and the second wall surface above the movement space.

US Pat. No. 10,714,281

KEY STRUCTURE CONVERTIBLE BETWEEN DIGITAL AND ANALOG SWITCH MODES AND SWITCHING METHOD THEREOF

Acer Incorporated, New T...

1. A key structure comprising:a circuit board;
a membrane disposed on the circuit board and electrically connected to the circuit board;
a positioning frame disposed on the membrane;
a sensor module disposed on the membrane and electrically connected to the circuit board;
a scissor leg connected to the positioning frame and adapted to move up and down relative to the positioning frame;
a key cap detachably disposed at the scissor leg and spaced with the positioning frame, and the key cap has a reflective plane facing the membrane, and the sensor module is aligned with the reflective plane; and
a shaft component, extending from the reflective plane and penetrating through the scissor leg and the positioning frame to abut the membrane,
wherein the sensor module is adapted to detect a press stroke of the key cap relative to the membrane, and when the key cap is pressed, a digital control signal or an analog control signal is triggered through the membrane or the sensor module,
wherein the sensor module comprises a light emitting device and a light detector, and the light emitting device is adapted to transmit a light source to the reflective plane, and the light source is transmitted to the light detector after the reflection, and the light detector is adapted to receive and detect the light intensity after the reflection of the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,714,280

MECHANICAL KEYBOARD WITH MODULAR REMOVABLE SWITCHES SUPPORT

1. A mechanical keyboard, comprising:a plurality of printed circuit boards (PCBs), each having: a pin holder; and
a hole,
a plurality of mechanical switches configured to removably engage with the plurality of PCBs, each of the plurality of mechanical switches having:
a body;
a pin extending from the body and configured to engage with the pin holder;
a pillar extending from the body and configured to engage with the hole; and
a compressible switch extending upward from the body;
a plurality of keys configured to engage with the compressible switch of each of the plurality of mechanical switches;
wherein each of the plurality of mechanical switches are configured to be removed from the plurality of PCBs by hand.

US Pat. No. 10,714,279

KEYBOARD DEVICE

CHICONY ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A keyboard device, comprising:a substrate; and
a plurality of keycaps disposed on the substrate;
wherein the substrate comprises a long slit and an elastic bridge connecting member, and the long slit divides the substrate into a first plate and a second plate; the first plate has a first side edge, and the second plate has a second side edge; the first side edge and the second side edge are opposite to each other, and a gap is between the first side edge and the second side edge; the elastic bridge connecting member is connected between the first side edge and the second side edge, and the first plate is movable relative to the second plate;
wherein the first side edge comprises a first stopping member, the second side edge comprises a second stopping member, a certain interval is between the first stopping member and the second stopping member, so that the first plate and the second plate can be stopped by the first stopping member and the second stopping member when the first plate and the second plate are moved toward or away from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,714,278

SWITCH DEVICE STRUCTURE

Switchlab Inc., New Taip...

1. A switch device structure comprising a main body and an operation button assembled with the main body, the main body being defined with an axial reference axis, the main body defining a base section and a chamber in which the base seat is mounted, an operation body and a wire connection module being disposed on the base seat, the operation body being reciprocally movable along the axial reference axis, the wire connection module including multiple contact arms classified into first contact arm and second contact arm, the first contact arm having a first contact, the second contact arm having a second contact, the base seat having a wall and at least one cavity in which an elastic unit is mounted, the elastic unit including a base section, a fixed section and a free section respectively extending from two ends of the base section, the fixed section of the elastic unit being fixed on the base seat, whereby in response to the move of the operation body and with the fixed section serving as a fulcrum, the free section of the elastic unit can push the second contact of the second contact arm into contact with the first contact of the first contact arm to close the circuit or separate from the second contact arm to open the circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,714,277

KEY DEVICE HAVING A REINFORCED STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

SUNREX TECHNOLOGY CORP., ...

1. A key device comprising: a key cap made of plastic and including top wall and a peripheral wall extending downwardly from a periphery of said top wall and cooperating with said top wall to define a receiving space, said top wall having a plurality of spaced-apart studs protruding into said receiving space; and a base plate unit disposed in said receiving space and riveted to said top wall through said studs, said base plate unit including a base plate made of metal and a plurality of engaging members secured to said base plate, said base plate including a plurality of stud holes for extension of said studs respectively therethrough, and a plurality of spaced-apart anchor members, said engaging members being injection molded to said anchor members, respectively; wherein said base plate has an upper side surface abutting against said top wall, and lower side surface opposite to said upper side surface, said base plate further including a plurality of hollows extending through said upper and lower side surfaces, said anchor members being formed by stamping said base plate, each of said anchor members having a first plate portion connected transversely to said lower side surface, and a second plate portion connected transversely to said first plate portion and formed with an aperture, said second plate portion being spaced apart from said lower side surface and corresponding in position to a respective one of said hollows.

US Pat. No. 10,714,276

DISCONNECTING DEVICE WITH ARC EXTINGUISHING

Auto-Kabel Management Gmb...

1. A disconnecting device for an energy conductor comprising:at least a first connection part;
at least a second connection part;
at least one disconnection point arranged between the first and the second connection part;
the at least one disconnection point in a closed state forms a current path between the first and second connection parts and in an open state disconnects the current path between the first and second connection parts; and
the disconnecting device has a flowable medium, wherein the flowable medium is an electrical insulation material having a specific electrical conductivity of less than 10?5 S*cm?1, which is arranged in a guide housing and disconnects the at least one disconnection point driven by a drive, the flowable medium at least partially surrounds the at least one disconnection point at a moment of disconnection,
wherein the disconnecting device has a bolt which moves into the at least one disconnection point immediately after disconnection of the at least one disconnection point by the flowable medium.

US Pat. No. 10,714,275

ILLUMINATED VISIBLE BREAK

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An assembly for use in an electrical power distribution system, the assembly comprising:a housing comprising an interior space;
an electrical apparatus in the interior space, the electrical apparatus comprising an electrical connection mechanism that is configured to move between at least two positions;
an illumination port on the housing;
an observation port through the housing, the observation port being configured to allow visual observation of the electrical connection mechanism in the interior space from an exterior of the housing; and
an optical guide in the housing, wherein the optical guide is configured to receive light from the illumination port, and the optical guide is configured to deliver light from the illumination port to the interior space to thereby illuminate the electrical connection mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,714,274

MEDIUM VOLTAGE CIRCUIT SWITCH OR BREAKER

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A medium voltage circuit switch or breaker, comprising:at least one movable contact;
a fixed contact; and
a mechanical or magnetical drive system, which is configured to move the at least one movable contact to a closed or opended position by a movement of a rod and/or a lever, the mechanical or magnetical drive system being linked to a switching generating signal,
wherein the mechanical or magnetical drive system comprises at least one pyrotechnical actuator or gas generator,
wherein the pyrotechnical actuator or the gas generator is linkable to the switching generating signal of the mechanical or magnetical drive system, and
wherein the pyrotechnical actuator or the gas generator is driven as a redundant actuation system, such that in a logical unit, in case of detection of a malfunction of the mechanical or magnetical drive, the pyrotechnical actuator or the gas generator is ignited instead, as a redundant trip function.

US Pat. No. 10,714,273

GRAPHENE SUPERCAPACITOR DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE

1. A manufacturing process for the production of thin line supercapacitors having increased energy density, comprising:perforating a series of orifices on an element sheet;
printing graphene ink on both sides of the element sheet filling the orifices to create terminals that connect both sides of the element sheet;
printing graphene ink in a plurality of thin lines perpendicular to the terminals and along the direction of printing;
printing electrolyte within the plurality of thin lines; and
forming electrodes having minimal spacing between gaps to increase the energy density within the supercapacitors.

US Pat. No. 10,714,272

GRAPHENE FRAMEWORKS FOR SUPERCAPACITORS

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. An electrode comprising a holey 3D graphene framework, comprising:a) an interconnected conductive network of holey graphene sheets, wherein nanopores are formed within the holey graphene sheets; and
b) a capacitive or pseudo-capacitive material comprising sulfur particles, wherein the sulfur particles are encapsulated within the interconnected conductive network of holey graphene sheets, wherein the encapsulation inhibits polysulfide shuttling;
wherein the electrode has a sulfur content of at least 60% by weight or mass of a total weight or mass of the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,714,271

HIGH TEMPERATURE ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

FASTCAP SYSTEMS CORPORATI...

1. An ultracapacitor comprising:a positive electrode,
a negative electrode,
a separator, and
an electrolyte within a hermetically sealed housing,
wherein the ultracapacitor has less than 200 ppm of halides and a water content of less than 100 ppm,
wherein the ultracapacitor exhibits an equivalent series resistance (ESR) increase of less than about 300 percent while held at a constant voltage for at least 20 hours while held at a substantially constant temperature within a temperature range of between about 80 degrees Celsius and 210 degrees Celsius, and
wherein:
the ultracapacitor is configured to operate at a temperature between 80 degrees Celsius and 210 degrees Celsius with a volumetric leakage current of less than 1,000 mAmp per Liter, and/or
the ultracapacitor exhibits a volumetric leakage current of less than 10 mA/cc while held at a substantially constant temperature between 100 degrees Celsius and 150 degrees Celsius.

US Pat. No. 10,714,270

PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A photoelectric conversion device, comprising a laminate structure of:a flexible substrate made of an organic material having a heat-resistant temperature of 240° C. or below;
an indium-tin oxide electrode comprising the indium and tin in an In/Sn weight ratio of 24 or more;
a photoelectric conversion layer; and
a counter electrode,
wherein:
the indium-tin oxide electrode comprises crystal-phase domains and has an average thickness of 150 nm or less;
the crystal-phase domains are distributed throughout the indium-tin oxide electrode; and
the indium-tin oxide electrode shows an X-ray diffraction profile in which the peak at a diffraction peak position in the range of 2?=30.6±0.5° has a half-width of 1.0° or less when subjected to surface X-ray diffraction analysis according to Bragg-Brebdano method using CuK? line.

US Pat. No. 10,714,269

METHOD OF MAKING COATED SUBSTRATES

Brown University, Provid...

1. A method of making a coated substrate comprising:room temperature spin coating of a first solution and an organometallic halide on a surface of a substrate;
immersing the coated substrate in a room temperature bath of a second solution, the second solution causing the organometallic halide to precipitate from the first solution onto the surface, forming an organometallic halide coating;
removing the substrate from the bath; and
rapidly drying the substrate in ambient air.

US Pat. No. 10,714,268

SOLID ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A solid electrolytic capacitor comprising:a capacitor element including an anode part, a dielectric body formed on a surface of the anode part, and a cathode part containing a solid electrolyte;
an anode terminal electrically connected to the anode part;
a cathode terminal electrically connected to the cathode part;
an outer package that houses the capacitor element while exposing a part of the anode terminal and a part of the cathode terminal; and
an insulating tubular body embedded in the outer package, wherein:
the solid electrolytic capacitor has a communicating path that connects a surface of the capacitor element to an exterior of the outer package and penetrates the outer package, and
at least a part of an inner wall of the communicating path is constituted by an inner wall of the insulating tubular body.

US Pat. No. 10,714,267

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES INCLUDING SUPPORT FILAMENTS

CF TRAVERSE LLC, San Fra...

1. An energy storage system comprising:a first electrode disposed in a first region of electrolyte and including
a substrate,
a plurality of electron conductive support filaments attached to the substrate, and
an ion adsorbing material attached to the support filaments and an over-layer coating the ion adsorbing material the over-layer including a silicon oxide;
a separator configured to separate the first region and a second region of electrolyte; and
a second electrode disposed in the second region of electrolyte, the first and second electrodes and separator configured to operate as a rechargeable battery.

US Pat. No. 10,714,266

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. An electronic component, comprising:an insulator made of a material containing resin, the insulator including a first insulating layer that has a first bonding surface perpendicular to one axial direction and a second insulating layer bonded to the first bonding surface;
an internal conductor forming a coil portion wound around an axis perpendicular to the one axial direction; and
an external electrode provided on the insulator and electrically coupled to the internal conductor,
wherein the internal conductor includes a plurality of first conductive members provided in the first insulating layer and a plurality of second conductive members provided in the second insulating layer, each of the first conductive members includes a first contact that is situated at a position offset in the one axial direction with respect to the first bonding surface and connected to the corresponding second conductive member; and
wherein the first contact intervenes between the first conductive member and the second conductive member.

US Pat. No. 10,714,265

LAMINATED ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND CIRCUIT BOARD FOR MOUNTING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A laminated electronic component, comprising:a first capacitor including a first ceramic body, first external electrodes disposed on upper and lower surfaces of the first ceramic body, and second external electrodes disposed apart from the first external electrodes on the upper and lower surfaces of the first ceramic body; and
a second capacitor including a second ceramic body, a third external electrode disposed on a lower surface of the second ceramic body, and a fourth external electrode disposed apart from the third external electrode on the lower surface of the second ceramic body, the second capacitor being disposed on the first capacitor in a stacking direction and electrically connected to the first capacitor,
wherein a current loop passing through the upper surface of the first ceramic body and the lower surface of the second ceramic body is formed,
a plurality of internal electrodes of the first and second capacitors are disposed to be perpendicular to the lower surfaces of the first and second ceramic bodies,
each of the plurality of internal electrodes of the first capacitor is disposed on the same plane with one of the plurality of internal electrodes of the second capacitor,
the pluralities of internal electrodes of the first and second capacitors disposed on the same plane are electrically connected,
each of the pluralities of internal electrodes of the first and second capacitors includes a plurality of first internal electrodes and a plurality of second internal electrodes,
each of the plurality of first internal electrodes and each of the plurality of second internal electrodes of each of the first and second capacitors are respectively spaced apart from end surfaces of each of the first and second ceramic bodies in a length direction,
in a stacked combination of the first and second capacitors, portions of the first to fourth external electrodes, that are disposed between the first and second capacitors, are respectively disposed on the upper surface of the first ceramic body and the lower surface of the second ceramic body in the stacking direction, and the first to fourth external electrodes are not arranged on the end surfaces of the first and second ceramic bodies in the length direction, and
each of the plurality of internal electrodes of the first capacitor is exposed to the upper surface of the first ceramic body, and each of the plurality of internal electrodes of the second capacitor is exposed to the lower surface of the second ceramic body.

US Pat. No. 10,714,264

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A metal terminal connectable to terminal electrodes respectively formed on ends in a second axis direction of a plurality of chip components arranged side by side in a first axis direction, comprising units each associated with one of the chip components, each of the units comprising:an electrode facing portion configured to face the terminal electrode of the associated chip component;
a pair comprised of an upper holding portion and a lower holding portion configured to hold the chip component in a third axis direction substantially perpendicular to the first and second axis directions;
a mount portion located at a lower side of the electrode facing portion and below the lower holding portion in the third axis direction; and
protrusions protruding from the electrode facing portion, configured to protrude toward the terminal electrode,
wherein the protrusions in each of the units are arranged substantially line-symmetrically to a virtual center line in the first axis direction passing through a middle point between the upper holding portion and the lower holding portion in the third axis direction.

US Pat. No. 10,714,263

MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A multilayer ceramic capacitor comprising:a laminated body including a plurality of dielectric layers and a plurality of internal electrodes laminated in a lamination direction; and
a plurality of external electrodes electrically connected to respective ones of the internal electrodes; wherein
the laminated body includes a first principal surface and a second principal surface opposed in the lamination direction, a first side surface and a second side surface opposed in a width direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the lamination direction, and a first end surface and a second end surface opposed in a length direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to both the lamination direction and the width direction;
the plurality of internal electrodes include first internal electrodes exposed at the first end surface, and second internal electrodes exposed at the second end surface;
the plurality of external electrodes include a first external electrode covering the first end surface and electrically connected to the first internal electrodes, and a second external electrode covering the second end surface and electrically connected to the second internal electrodes;
side margin portions sandwich the plurality of dielectric layers in the width direction;
in the width direction from a respective one of the first and second side surfaces to the plurality of the dielectric layers, each of the side margin portions includes at least one outer side margin layer and at least one inner side margin layer in that order;
a Vickers hardness of a surface of at least one of the side margin portions is in a range of about 1470 MPa or more to about 1680 MPa or less;
the plurality of dielectric layers include dielectric layers that define outer layers of the laminated body; and
the dielectric layers defining the outer layers of the laminated body include dielectric ceramic grains containing a perovskite compound including Ba and Ti and a perovskite structure.

US Pat. No. 10,714,253

COIL COMPONENT

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A coil component comprising:a body having a coil part embedded therein; and
an external electrode connected to the coil part,
wherein the body contains a plurality of first magnetic particles and a plurality of second magnetic particles, the second magnetic particles being smaller than the first magnetic particles, the pluralities of first and second magnetic particles being dispersed in a main insulating portion of the body,
the plurality of second magnetic particles are dispersed in each of a plurality of sub-insulating portions to constitute composites, and a volume percentage of the second magnetic particles in the composites is greater than 80% and less than or equal to 90%,
the main insulating portion includes a material different from a material respectively included in the plurality of sub-insulating portions, and
at least two of the composites have different external shapes from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,714,252

INDUCTOR AND DC-DC CONVERTER

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An inductor comprising:a first terminal and a second terminal;
a first inductor conductor layer and a second inductor conductor layer;
a magnetic core layer disposed between the first inductor conductor layer and the second inductor conductor layer; and
a first via conductor and a second via conductor connected to the first inductor conductor layer and the second inductor conductor layer; wherein
the first terminal and the second terminal are electrically connected through the first via conductor and the second via conductor;
the magnetic core layer includes a first magnetic substance portion including a first magnetic substance, and a second magnetic substance portion including a second magnetic substance that is different from the first magnetic substance in magnetic properties;
the magnetic core layer includes a hole portion through which the first via conductor and the second via conductor extend;
the first inductor conductor layer covers a portion of one surface of the magnetic core layer, and another portion of the one surface of the magnetic core layer is exposed from the first inductor conductor layer; and
an area of the portion of the one surface of the magnetic core layer that is covered by the first inductor conductor layer is greater than an area of the another portion of the one surface of the magnetic core layer that is exposed from the first inductor conductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,251

PRECISION TRANSFORMER FOR ANTENNA ELEMENTS

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A transformer assembly comprising:a first toroidal core transformer having a first core and a first primary winding and a first secondary winding each wound around the first core; and
a second toroidal core transformer having a second core and a second primary winding and a second secondary winding each wound around the second core, the second core being twisted 180 degrees relative to the first core along an axis in plane of the second core, the first and second primary windings being connected in parallel with one another, the first and second secondary windings being connected in parallel with one another, a first half of the first secondary winding being connected in series with a second half of the second secondary winding, and a second half of the first secondary winding being connected in series with a first half of the second secondary winding.

US Pat. No. 10,714,250

ELECTROMAGNETIC ACTUATOR

ECO Holding 1 GmbH, Mark...

1. An electromagnetic actuator, comprising:an actuator unit; and
an actuation unit acting in an axial direction,
wherein the actuator unit includes a single coil generating a magnetic field and including a pole core that is arranged within the single coil,
wherein at least two permanent magnets are arranged adjoining a face of the pole core in the axial direction so that the at least two permanent magnets are applicable to the face of the pole core and movable in the axial direction so that the at least two permanent magnets are drivable by the single coil independently from each other,
wherein the at least two permanent magnets have different polarity in the axial direction and are respectively controllable by loading the single coil with an electrical current so that at least one of the at least two permanent magnets moves in the axial direction in an opposite direction to another of the at least two permanent magnets when the single coil is loaded with the electrical current,
wherein the actuation unit is arranged in the axial direction adjacent to the actuator unit wherein the actuation unit includes at least two actuation elements which are actuatable in the axial direction,
wherein each actuation element of the actuation unit is respectively fixed in the axial direction at one of the at least two permanent magnets and moved together with the one permanent magnet in the axial direction,
wherein the actuator unit and the actuation unit are arranged in a common housing of the electromagnetic actuator,
wherein the at least two actuation elements and the at least two permanent magnets are arranged so that each respective permanent magnet of the at least two permanent magnets is arranged concentrically relative to a respective actuation element of the at least two actuation elements so that an entire a force impact from the at least two permanent magnets upon the at least two actuation elements is provided in a centric manner relative to the respective actuation element,
wherein the at least two actuation elements are rotatably arranged in the common housing, and
wherein an entire force generated by the magnetic field of the single coil that moves either one of the at least two permanent magnets is transferable by the at least two actuation elements to an external component to be actuated.

US Pat. No. 10,714,249

3D PRINTER WITH HOVERING PRINTING HEAD OR PRINTING BED

Airbus Operations GmbH, ...

1. A three-dimensional (3D) printing device, comprising:printing material;
a printing bed;
a superconductor;
a printing head arrangement configured to print the printing material onto the printing bed, wherein either the printing head arrangement or the printing bed is attached for movement with the superconductor;
a magnetic field generator configured to generate a magnetic field
a movement device configured to move the magnetic field generator in at least one direction, perpendicular to a force-locking direction between the superconductor and the magnetic field generator, the movement device comprising at least one linear motor; and
a control device;
wherein the magnetic field generator and the superconductor are configured to couple in a force-locking manner by frozen magnetic flux between the magnetic field generator and the superconductor; and
wherein the control device is configured to control a magnetic field strength of the magnetic field generator.

US Pat. No. 10,714,248

REACTOR HAVING OUTER PERIPHERAL IRON CORE DIVIDED INTO MULTIPLE PORTIONS AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A reactor, comprising:a core body, the core body comprising: an outer peripheral iron core composed of a plurality of outer peripheral iron core portions, at least three iron cores each integrally formed with a corresponding one of the plurality of outer peripheral iron core portions, and coils wound around the at least three iron cores, the respective radially inner ends of the at least three iron cores being located in the vicinity of a center of the outer peripheral iron core and converging toward the center of the outer peripheral iron core, and the radially inner ends of the at least three iron cores being spaced from each other via gaps, which can be magnetically coupled; the reactor further comprising: an annular end plate fastened to at least one end of the core body; wherein the end plate has a shape corresponding to a shape of the outer peripheral iron core, and includes a plurality of fasteners for fastening the plurality of outer peripheral iron core portions to each other, wherein the plurality of fasteners include a plurality of protrusions which are inserted into regions between the coils and the plurality of outer peripheral iron core portions.

US Pat. No. 10,714,246

RARE EARTH PERMANENT MAGNET AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for manufacturing a rare earth permanent magnet, comprising steps of:manufacturing an NdFeB sintered magnet;
disposing, on a surface of the NdFeB sintered magnet, a grain boundary diffusion material in the form of a mixed powder comprising an alloy powder containing Re1aMb and Re2 hydride; and
heating the grain boundary diffusion material to diffuse at least one of Re1, Re2, and M into a grain boundary part inside the sintered magnet or a grain boundary part region of a sintered magnet main phase grain,
where Re1 and Re2 are each rare earth elements selected from the group consisting of dysprosium, terbium, neodymium, praseodymium, and holmium, M is one or more metal compounds selected from the group consisting of copper, zinc, tin, and aluminum, 0.1 wherein the grain boundary diffusion material contains Cu in an amount of 0.25 to 1 wt %, based on a total weight of the grain boundary diffusion material, and the alloy powder containing Cu is formed at particle diameter of 2 to 10 ?m, and
wherein the disposed grain boundary diffusion material forms a layer and the thickness of the layer is 5 ?m to 150 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,714,245

METHOD FOR PREPARING AN R-T-B PERMANENT MAGNET

Beijing Zhong Ke San Huan...

1. A method of manufacturing a R-T-B permanent magnet, comprising the steps of:sintering a compact comprising a R-T-B material at a temperature of between 900° C. and 1040° C. to obtain a pre-sintered block, wherein R comprises one or more rare-earth elements selected from the group consisting of Sc, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Y, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu, and R comprises at least one heavy rare earth element and at least one rare earth element other than a heavy rare earth element; T comprises one or more transition metal elements; and B is boron;
wherein the actual density of the pre-sintered block is 6.0-7.4 g/cm3;
coating a heavy rare earth compound powder on the pre-sintered block to form a coated block; and
wherein, prior to sintering the coated block, placing the coated block in a container that comprises a sintering aid comprising between 10 and 20% of alumina and between 80 and 90% of magnesium oxide,
sintering the coated block to obtain the R-T-B permanent magnet,
wherein sintering the coated block comprises heating the coated block at between 860° C. and 950° C. for between 12 and 24 hours under vacuum, cooling, and heating the coated block at between 450° C. and 620° C. under vacuum to obtain the R-T-B permanent magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,714,244

NANO-POROUS ALLOYS WITH STRONG PERMANENT MAGNETISM AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR

DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECH...

1. A preparation method for nano-porous Fe—Pt alloys with strong permanent magnetism comprising:(1) precursor alloys ingots are prepared using electric arc melting or high-frequency induction melting under an Ar atmosphere;
(2) amorphous or amorphous+nanocrystalline alloy ribbons are prepared using a single-roller melt-spinning technology, and a thickness and phase structure of the ribbons are controlled by a rotational speed of a copper roller;
(3) precursors containing uniformly distributed nano-composite phases of hard magnetic L10-FePt and soft magnetic Fe2B are directly obtained by melt-spinning or obtained by conducting vacuum annealing on the melt-spun ribbon samples;
(4) by taking the precursor as a working electrode, Ag/AgCl as a reference electrode, and an acid solution with a H+concentration of 0.02-1.0 mol/L as an electrolytic solution, dealloying is conducted using electrochemical technique under constant voltages of ?0.28-1.5 V, phases mainly including soft magnetic Fe2B except hard magnetic L10-FePt are selectively dissolved, and nano-porous Fe—Pt alloys with permanent magnetism containing a single L10-FePt phase are prepared;
the nano-porous Fe—Pt alloys with strong permanent magnetism, wherein the nano-porous alloys are composed of ordered hard magnetic of L10-Fe-Pt phase and have a chemical composition of FewCoxPtyPdz, w, x, y and z respectively representing atomic percent of each corresponding element in the expression, where 25?w?55, 0?x?25, 45?w+x?55, 45?y?55, 0?z?10, 45?y+z?55, and w+x+y+z=100;
the nano-porous alloys are prepared from the precursor alloys through a dealloying technique, and have an integrated doubly-connected nano-porous structure with pore sizes of 10-50 nm, and ligament thicknesses of 20-80 nm;
an expression of the composition of the precursors for preparing the nano-porous alloys is FeaCobPtcPddBeCfPgSih, a, b c, d, e, f, g and h respectively representing atomic percent of each corresponding element in the expression, where 30?a?70, 0?b?30, 40?a+b?70, 8?c?40, 0?d?5, 8?c+d?40, 10?e?35, 0?f?5, 0?g?5, 0?h?3, 10?e+f+g+h?35, and a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h=100, and
the nano-porous Fe—Pt alloys with strong permanent magnetism has strong permanent magnetism: under an applied magnetic field of 50 kOe, a coercivity is 13.4-18.5 kOe, a magnetization is 40.4-56.3 emu/g, and a remanence is 28.3-37.4 emu/g.

US Pat. No. 10,714,243

VARIABLE RESISTANCE CIRCUIT, OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A variable resistance circuit comprising:a first resistance sub-circuit having:
a first resistor;
a first switch circuit connected in series to one end of the first resistor; and
a second switch circuit connected in parallel to a series circuit of the first resistor and the first switch circuit; and
a second resistance sub-circuit connected in series with the first resistance sub-circuit, the second resistance sub-circuit having:
a second resistor; and
a third switch circuit connected in parallel to the second resistor,
wherein, when one of the first and second switch circuits is turned on, the other of the first and second switch circuits is turned off, the first and second resistance sub-circuits form a ladder resistor circuit, and a switch circuit connected in series with the second resistor is not provided in the second resistance sub-circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,714,242

SYMMETRICALLY TUNABLE ELECTRICAL RESISTOR

International Business Ma...

1. An electrical resistor element with tunable resistance, comprising:a first contact electrode;
a second contact electrode;
a ferroelectric layer arranged between the first contact electrode and the second contact electrode, the ferroelectric layer comprising:
a first area having a first polarization direction;
a second area having a second polarization direction, the first polarization direction being different to the second polarization direction; and
a domain wall between the first area and the second area;
a first pinning element configured to stabilize the first polarization direction of the ferroelectric layer; and
a control circuit configured to tune the resistance of the electrical resistor element by applying electrical pulses to the ferroelectric layer such that the ferroelectric domain wall is moved; and
a second pinning element configured to stabilize the second polarization direction of the ferroelectric layer, wherein the first pinning element comprises a first set of static pinning electrodes configured to polarize a first ferroelectric pinning layer in the first polarization direction, and the second pinning element comprises a second set of static pinning electrodes configured to polarize a second ferroelectric pinning layer in the second polarization direction.

US Pat. No. 10,714,241

OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION DEVICE

LITTELFUSE SEMICONDUCTOR ...

1. An overvoltage protection device, comprising:a metal oxide varistor (MOV) having a first surface and a second surface;
a semiconductor substrate having a first outer surface and a second outer surface and comprising a semiconductor crowbar device comprising a plurality of semiconductor layers arranged in electrical series to one another, the semiconductor substrate being disposed on a first side of the metal oxide varistor;
a conductive region disposed between the second surface of the MOV and the first outer surface of the semiconductor substrate; a first electrical contact disposed on the first surface of the MOV; and
a second electrical contact disposed on the second outer surface of the semiconductor substrate;
wherein the semiconductor crowbar device comprises:
an inner n-type layer;
a first outer n-type layer disposed on the first outer surface;
a second outer n-type layer disposed on the second outer surface; a first p-type layer disposed between the first outer n-type layer and the inner n-type layer; and
a second p-type layer disposed between the second outer n-type layer and the inner n-type layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,240

OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION DEVICE

Littlefuse Semiconductor ...

11. A method of fabricating an overvoltage protection device, comprising:providing a metal oxide varistor (MOV) having a first side and a second side;
attaching a first surface of a semiconductor substrate comprising a semiconductor crowbar device to the second side;
forming a first electrical contact on the first side of the metal oxide varistor; and
forming a second electrical contact on a second surface of the semiconductor substrate opposite the first surface, wherein the metal oxide varistor and the semiconductor crowbar device are in electrical series with one another between the first electrical contact and the second electrical contact;
wherein the semiconductor crowbar device comprises:
an inner n-type layer;
a first outer n-type layer disposed on the first outer surface;
a second outer n-type layer disposed on the second outer surface; a first p-type layer disposed between the first outer n-type layer and the inner n-type layer; and
a second p-type layer disposed between the second outer n-type layer and the inner n-type layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,239

CORROSION RESISTANT FASTENER

1. A structure comprising, in combination:A. A wooden support;
B. Water absorbed by the wooden support which renders it electrically quasi-conductive;
C. A metallic member attached to the wooden support;
D. A metallic fastener which attaches the metallic member to the wooden support;
E. An electrical insulator surrounding the fastener where it would otherwise contact the wooden support:
F, A first ground voltage connected to the wooden support;
G. A second ground voltage, with voltage unequal to the first ground voltage, having an electrical connection to the structure; and
H. Current which attempts to flow between the quasi-conductive wood and the fastener because of the voltage difference between the wooden support and the structure is blocked due to the insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,714,238

JOINT FOR SUPERCONDUCTING WIRE

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A joint for superconducting wires, comprising:a plurality of superconducting wires each coated with a metal sheath;
a wire support element configured to support the superconducting wires;
a first sintered body configured to fix the superconducting wires on the wire support element; and
a second sintered body configured to join the coated superconducting wires,
wherein the superconducting wires, the first sintered body, and the second sintered body contain MgB2,
end parts of the superconducting wires and the first sintered body are polished, and
the second sintered body is disposed along a polished surface on the end parts of the superconducting wires and the first sintered body.

US Pat. No. 10,714,237

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY HAVING DIFFERENTIAL PAIR CABLE ASSEMBLY

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. An electrical connector assembly comprising:a connector housing having a mating end configured to be mated to a mating electrical connector;
a cable contact module received in the connector housing, the cable contact module having a first mating contact and a second mating contact at the mating end for mating with the mating electrical connector; and
a differential pair cable assembly extending from the cable contact module, the differential pair cable assembly comprising:
a differential pair cable having a twin axial cable core including a first conductor and a second conductor arranged within a cable jacket, the first conductor being electrically connected to the first mating contact, the second conductor being electrically connected to the second mating contact, the cable core including a cable shield providing electrical shielding for the first conductor and the second conductor, the first and second conductors being a differential pair conveying differential signals;
a first contact terminated to the first conductor opposite the first mating contact;
a second contact terminated to the second conductor opposite the second mating contact;
a differential pair housing holding the first contact and the second contact, the differential pair housing extending between a front and a rear, the differential pair housing coupled to an end of the differential pair cable; and
a differential pair shield having a shield cavity, the differential pair shield extending between a front and a rear, the front of the differential pair shield provided at or forward of the front of the differential pair housing, the differential pair shield provided at or rearward of the rear of the differential pair housing, the differential pair shield surrounding the shield cavity and the front of the differential pair housing at the front and the differential pair shield surrounding the shield cavity and the rear of the differential pair housing at the rear, the differential pair shield receiving the differential pair housing in the shield cavity, the differential pair shield receiving the end of the differential pair cable and being electrically connected to the cable shield, the differential pair shield providing electrical shielding for the first contact and the second contact;
wherein the differential pair shield, the differential pair housing, the first contact, and the second contact defining a mating interface of the differential pair cable assembly spaced apart from the cable contact module and configured to be mated to a mating component.

US Pat. No. 10,714,236

CHARGING SYSTEM WITH COOLING TUBE

TE Connectivity Corporati...

1. A charging system comprising:a power cable extending from a charging inlet to a battery pack to electrically connect the charging inlet to the battery pack, the charging inlet configured to releasably couple to a mating connector of an external power source, the power cable including a conductive core, an insulating layer surrounding the conductive core, and a metallic shield layer surrounding the insulating layer;
a cooling tube connected to a heat sink and extending along a length of the power cable, the cooling tube engaging the metallic shield layer of the power cable to transfer heat from the power cable to the heat sink.

US Pat. No. 10,714,235

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ELECTRICAL CABLE, AND RESULTING PRODUCT, WITH REDUCED REQUIRED INSTALLATION PULLING FORCE

Southwire Company, LLC, ...

1. A thermoplastic high heat-resistant nylon-coated (THHN) electrical cable having reduced installation pulling force through a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) conduit setup, the THHN electrical cable comprising:at least one conductor capable of carrying an electrical current through the THHN electrical cable, wherein the conductor is formed at least in part from copper; and,
a sheath for protecting the conductor, wherein the sheath comprises:
an insulating layer surrounding the conductor and providing electrical insulation to the conductor, wherein the insulating layer is formed at least in part from extruded polyvinyl chloride (PVC); and,
an outer layer surrounding, contacting and forming a coating for the insulating layer, wherein the outer layer further comprises;
an extruded nylon component;
a pulling lubricant incorporated in the extruded nylon component that aids in reducing the installation pulling force as the THHN electrical cable is pulled through a PVC conduit setup; and wherein,
the pulling lubricant is silicone based; and
the pulling lubricant is present in at least a portion of the outer layer; and further wherein,
the outer layer is both resistant to heat, moisture, oil and gasoline, and provides the THHN electrical cable with the physical characteristic of having an average coefficient of friction against an interior surface of a PVC conduit setup of less than about 0.25.

US Pat. No. 10,714,234

CABLE DISCONNECTION PREVENTING STRUCTURE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A cable disconnection preventing structure comprising:a case which has a cable hole through which a cable having a plurality of conducting wires covered with a sheath passes and in which one end portion of the cable is embedded; and
a conducting wire fixing member which fixes only the conducting wires exposed from the sheath at the one end portion of the cable to the sheath in a state in which the conducting wires are bent toward the other end portion side of the cable and is formed larger than the cable hole, wherein
a portion of each of the conducting wires exposed from the sheath is disposed between an inner surface around the cable hole in the case and the conducting wire fixing member.

US Pat. No. 10,714,233

ALUMINUM ELECTRICAL WIRE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ALUMINUM ELECTRICAL WIRE

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. An aluminum electrical wire, comprising:a conductor comprising a plurality of aluminum-based core wires; and
an insulating resin covering directly covering the conductor such that the insulating resin covering is in contact with the plurality of aluminum-based core wires and has a thickness deviation of not less than 70%,
wherein the plurality of aluminum-based core wires contains 99 mass % of aluminum, and the conductor is constructed by concentrically twisting 19 or 37 of the aluminum-based core wires at a same pitch in a non-compressed state such that the aluminum electrical wire has a current capacity that is substantially same as a current capacity of a copper electrical wire having a diameter that is substantially same as a diameter of the aluminum electrical wire.

US Pat. No. 10,714,232

TWISTED PAIR COMMUNICATION CABLES WITH FOAMED PVDF JACKETS

Superior Essex Internatio...

1. A communications cable, comprising:a plurality of twisted pairs of individually insulated conductors, each conductor insulated with a material comprising fluorinated ethylene propylene; and
a jacket formed around the plurality of twisted pairs, the jacket comprising foamed polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF),
wherein the cable has a maximum temperature rating of at least 125° C.

US Pat. No. 10,714,231

GRAPHENE WIRE, CABLE EMPLOYING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Haesung DS CO., LTD., Ch...

6. A method of manufacturing a cable, the method comprising:forming a catalytic metal wire of a stranded cable type by twisting at least two core wires around each other;
fabricating a graphene wire by synthesizing a graphene layer on a surface of the catalytic metal wire by a chemical vapor deposition method;
arranging a tension member around the graphene wire in a lengthwise direction; and
forming an insulating sheath surrounding the graphene wire and the tension member.

US Pat. No. 10,714,210

SAMPLE MASS SPECTRUM ANALYSIS

Micromass UK Limited, Wi...

1. A computer-implemented method of analysing a sample mass spectrum of a sample to categorize the sample as being associated with a particular group or being associated with a particular characteristic, the method comprising:comparing a sample mass spectrum of a sample with each reference mass spectrum of plural reference mass spectra to determine similarity between the sample mass spectrum and the reference mass spectrum;
assigning a similarity index to each reference mass spectrum of the plural reference mass spectra based on the determined similarity between the sample mass spectrum and the reference mass spectrum;
for each group of one or more groups of the plural reference mass spectra, combining the similarity indexes for the reference mass spectra belonging to the group so as to provide a group index for the group at a first level of a hierarchy of sample characteristics, wherein the reference mass spectra belonging to the group are mass spectra of reference samples that have a particular characteristic in common;
associating the sample with a group of the one or more groups based on the group index for that said group, wherein the reference mass spectra belonging to said group are mass spectra of reference samples that have a first particular characteristic in common; and
outputting an indication that at least one of:
the sample is associated with the first particular characteristic, and
the sample is associated with said group.

US Pat. No. 10,714,207

SCANNABLE-LATCH RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY

BAE Systems Information a...

1. A scannable-latch random access memory (SLRAM) comprising:a write port and a read port;
a first and second rows of memory cells located between said write port and said read port;
a functional data input connected to a first memory cell in said first row of memory cells and to a first memory cell in said second row of memory cells;
a scan data input connected to said first memory cell in said first row of memory cells via a first multiplexor, wherein an output of said first memory cell in said first row of memory cells is connected to an input of said first memory cell in said second row of memory cells via a second multiplexor;
a first functional data output connected to a last memory cell in said first row of memory cells;
a second functional data output connected to a last memory cell in said second row of memory cells;
a scan data output connected to said last memory cell in one of said first and second row of memory cells; and
a scan enable to allow data to be output from one of said scan data output and said first and second functional data outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,714,206

SELECTORS ON INTERFACE DIE FOR MEMORY DEVICE

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An interface chip comprising:a first memory channel coupled to a first die;
a second memory channel coupled to a second die;
a first terminal corresponding to the first memory channel;
a second terminal corresponding to the second memory channel;
a test input/output (IO) circuit coupled to a tester via a probe;
a built in self test (BIST) circuit comprising an algorithmic pattern generator; and
a first test channel selector associated with the first memory channel and a second test channel selector associated with the second memory channel, the first test channel selector configured to selectively couple, based on at least one respective value of at least one control signal, the test IO circuit, the BIST circuit and the first terminal to the first memory channel, the second test channel selector configured to selectively couple, based on at least one respective other value of the at least one control signal, the test IO circuit, the BIST circuit and the second terminal to the second memory channel.

US Pat. No. 10,714,205

MULTI-PURPOSED LEAK DETECTOR

SanDisk Technologies LLC,...

1. A method for detecting a word line leakage in a memory array of a non-volatile memory system, comprising:in a first stage:
enabling a M-bit coarse digital-to-analog converter (DAC) logic of a N-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC), the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) having a comparator with a reference voltage (VREF) as a first input;
voltage biasing a load current of a memory array to produce an input voltage (Vint) as a second input to the comparator; and
according to a clock signal from the coarse digital-to-analog converter (DAC) logic, comparing the input voltage (Vint) level to the reference voltage (VREF) level; and
in a second stage:
if the input voltage (Vint) level is greater than or equal to the reference voltage (VREF) level, enabling a P-bit fine ramp digital-to-analog converter (DAC) logic of the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) to:
enable drawing a second current (Ifine) from the load current to thereby decrease the input voltage (Vint) level;
compare the input voltage (Vint) level to a first voltage (Vfinestart) level, wherein the first voltage (Vfinestart) level is less than the reference voltage (VREF) level;
if the input voltage (Vint) level is less than or equal to the first voltage (Vfinestart) level, begin a counter and conduct leakage detection with the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) according to a clock signal (CLK) from the fine ramp digital-to-analog converter (DAC) logic;
compare the input voltage (Vint) level to a second voltage (Vfinestop) level, wherein the second voltage (Vfinestop) level is less than the first voltage (Vfinestart) level; and
if the input voltage (Vint) level is equal to the second voltage (Vfinestop) level, disable the clock signal (CLK) thereby completing the leakage detection.

US Pat. No. 10,714,204

SHIFT REGISTER UNIT, DRIVING METHOD THEREOF, GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE

CHONGQING BOE OPTOELECTRO...

1. A shift register unit, comprising:a reset signal terminal, a first voltage terminal, a second voltage terminal, a third voltage terminal, a clock signal terminal, a signal input terminal, and a signal output terminal;
a first node control circuit configured to transfer a reset signal at the reset signal terminal to a first node in response to the reset signal at the reset signal terminal being active;
a second node control circuit configured to transfer an inactive voltage at the first voltage terminal to the first node in response to a potential at a second node being active;
an energy-storing circuit configured to store a voltage across the first node and the first voltage terminal;
a first voltage pull circuit configured to transfer the inactive voltage at the first voltage terminal to the second node and the signal output terminal in response to a first supply voltage signal at the second voltage terminal and a potential at the first node being active;
a second voltage pull circuit configured to transfer the inactive voltage at the first voltage terminal to the second node and the signal output terminal in response to a second supply voltage signal at the third voltage terminal and the potential at the first node being active; and
an output circuit configured to transfer a clock signal at the clock signal terminal to the signal output terminal in response to the potential at the second node being active.

US Pat. No. 10,714,202

MAGNETIC MEMORY

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A magnetic memory, comprising:a conductive line that extends in a first direction along a substrate;
a first columnar body in a memory cell array region of the substrate, extending in a second direction from the substrate, a first end of the first columnar body contacting the conductive line, the first columnar body comprising a first magnetic material and a plurality of magnetic domains adjacent to one another along a length of the first columnar body in the second direction; and
a second columnar body in a peripheral region of the substrate, extending in the second direction from the substrate, a first end of the second columnar body contacting the conductive line, and a second end of the second columnar body connected to a control circuit, the second columnar body comprising the first magnetic material.

US Pat. No. 10,714,176

READ-WRITE CYCLE EXECUTION BASED ON HISTORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising:a first memory component; and
a media controller of the first memory component, the media controller configured to perform operations comprising:
monitoring a memory channel to detect a first request to a second memory component to modify a first data block stored on the second memory component, the memory channel being shared by the first memory component and the second memory component;
marking the first data block as modified based on detecting the first request;
receiving a second request to write a first sequence of data bits from the first data block of the second memory component to the first memory component; and
in response to the second request:
based on whether the first data block has been marked as modified, determining whether to complete the second request by executing a write cycle at the first memory component to write the first sequence of data bits from the first data block of the second memory component to the first memory component; and
in response to determining that the first data block has not been marked as modified:
foregoing execution of the write cycle at the first memory component; and
sending a response to the second request, the response indicating completion of writing the first sequence of data bits from the first data block of the second memory component to the first memory component despite the foregoing the execution of the write cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,714,175

METHOD, SYSTEM AND DEVICE FOR TESTING CORRELATED ELECTRON SWITCH (CES) DEVICES

ARM, Ltd., Cambridge (GB...

1. An integrated circuit device comprising:one or more correlated electron switch (CES) elements;
one or more first terminals configured to receive one or more first signals to control operations to transition the at least one of the one or more CES elements between a low impedance and/or conductive state and a high impedance and/or insulative state;
one or more second terminals to comprise signal pins external to the integrated circuit device, the one or more second terminals to be configured to receive an externally applied signal, the externally applied signal to be at a first voltage level during a first operation to place the at least one of the one or more CES elements in the low impedance and/or conductive state, the externally applied signal to be at a second voltage level during a second operation to place the least one of the one or more CES elements in the high impedance and/or insulative state; and
a circuit configured to limit a magnitude of a current in the at least one of the one or more CES elements during the first operation to place the at least one of the one or more CES elements in the low impedance and/or conductive state responsive to the externally applied signal at the first voltage level received at the one or more second terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,714,174

RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK hynix Inc., Icheon (K...

1. A resistive memory device, comprising:a normal cell array suitable for including a plurality of memory cells and generating a cell current according to a resistance state of a memory cell selected among the plurality of memory cells based on an input address;
a reference cell array suitable for including a plurality of sub-arrays each including a predetermined number of memory cells, and generating a reference current according to a combination of resistance states of memory cells of a sub-array, the sub-array being selected among the plurality of sub-arrays based on a reference selection signal, each of the plurality of sub-arrays including a reference cell and a plurality of neighboring cells disposed around the reference cell, each of the plurality of neighboring cells being programmed into one of a first resistance state and a second resistance state;
a sense amplifier circuit suitable for sensing and amplifying a signal indicative of data of the selected memory cell based on the cell current and the reference current during a read operation; and
a reference cell selector suitable for generating the reference selection signal, the sub-array in the reference cell array corresponding to a position of the selected memory cell in the normal cell array.

US Pat. No. 10,714,173

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING MEMORY OPERATIONS IN RRAM CELLS

Hefei Reliance Memory Lim...

1. A resistive RAM device, comprising:a plurality of bit lines;
a word line;
a source line carrying a first bias voltage while performing set operations, a second bias voltage during reset operations and a third bias voltage during read operations, wherein the first, second, and third bias voltages are positive and substantially the same;
a plurality of RRAM cells coupled to the word line, wherein each RRAM cell of the plurality of RRAM cells coupled to the word line comprises:
a single resistive memory element,
a transistor having a gate node coupled to the word line,
a bias node coupled to the source line, and
a bit line node coupled to a respective bit line of the plurality of bit lines; and
a bit line control circuit coupled to one or more of the plurality of bit lines, the bit line control circuit generating command voltages to perform respective memory operations on one or more RRAM cells of the plurality of RRAM cells, wherein the respective memory operations include a read operation that reads values stored in respective RRAM cells of the plurality of RRAM cells.

US Pat. No. 10,714,172

BI-SIDED PATTERN PROCESSOR

HangZhou HaiCun Informati...

1. A bi-sided pattern processor, comprising:an input for transferring at least a first portion of a first pattern;
a plurality of storage-processing units (SPU's) communicatively coupled with said input, each of said SPU's comprising at least a memory array and a pattern-processing circuit, wherein said memory array stores at least a second portion of a second pattern, said pattern-processing circuit performs pattern processing for said first and second patterns;
a semiconductor substrate with first and second surfaces, wherein said memory array is disposed on said first surface, said pattern-processing circuit is disposed on said second surface, said memory array and said pattern-processing circuit are communicatively coupled by a plurality of inter-surface connections.

US Pat. No. 10,714,171

NAND FLASH MEMORY SYSTEM STORING MULTI-BIT DATA AND READ/WRITE CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A memory system comprising:a semiconductor storage device including m memory cells (m is an integer of 2 or more) connected to a word line in common, each of the m memory cells being capable of storing n-bit data (n is an integer of 2 or more); and
a controller circuit,
wherein the semiconductor storage device is configured to determine values of m pieces of n-bit read data stored in the all of m memory cells, by a first reading operation using k reading voltages different from each other (k is an integer equal to or higher than 2 (n?1) and less than 2 n?1),
the controller circuit is configured to convert the determined values of m pieces of n-bit read data into data corresponding to (k+1) decimal data of m digits, and
the all of the m memory cells have a positive threshold voltage corresponding to a programmed state, without using a negative threshold voltage corresponding to an erased state, during the first reading operation.

US Pat. No. 10,714,170

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND MEMORY SYSTEM

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A semiconductor memory device comprising:a first memory cell capable of storing 3-bit data, wherein
when first data including a first bit is received from an external controller, the received first data is written to the first memory cell,
when second data including a second bit and a third bit is received from the controller after the first data is received, the first bit is read from the first memory cell and the 3-bit data is written to the first memory cell based on the read first bit and the received second data, and
in the 3-bit data written to the first memory cell, lower bit data is determined by three read operations, middle bit data is determined by two read operations, and upper bit data is determined by two read operations.

US Pat. No. 10,714,169

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DURING BURST SEQUENTIAL WRITE

SanDisk Technologies LLC,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a plurality of non-volatile memory cells and word lines, each of the plurality of non-volatile memory cells being associated with one of the word lines and configured to retain a threshold voltage within a common range of threshold voltages defining a threshold window;
the plurality of non-volatile memory cells including a plurality of multi-bit cells each configured to store a plurality of bits of data with the threshold window partitioned into a plurality of bands of threshold voltages representing the plurality of bits and each having a band width, the plurality of bands of threshold voltages including a lowest band denoting an erased state and a plurality of increasing bands; and
a control circuit in communication with the plurality of non-volatile memory cells and word lines, the control circuit configured to:
program a first set of the data into the plurality of multi-bit cells associated with selected word lines in a single-bit mode with each of the plurality of multi-bit cells storing one bit using a pair of first target states representing the one bit being one of the erased state and a tight intermediate state having a distribution of the threshold voltage being no wider than the band width of a single one of the plurality of increasing bands,
program a second set of the data into the plurality of multi-bit cells associated with selected word lines in a multi-bit mode with each of the plurality of multi-bit cells storing the plurality of bits.

US Pat. No. 10,714,168

STRAP CELL DESIGN FOR STATIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (SRAM) ARRAY

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A static random access memory (SRAM) array, comprising:a first bit cell array and a second bit cell array arranged along a first direction;
a strap cell arranged along a second direction and positioned between the first bit cell array and the second bit cell array along the first direction,
wherein the strap cell comprises:
a first P-type well region;
a first N-type well region and a second N-type well region respectively on opposite first sides of the first P-type well region, wherein the first N-type well region, the first P-type well region, and the second N-type well region are arranged along the first direction; and
a second P-type well region and a third P-type well region respectively on opposite second sides of the first N-type well region, wherein the second P-type well region, the first N-type well region, the third P-type well region are arranged along the second direction; and
a deep N-type well region underlying and connected to the first N-type well region and the second N-type well region.

US Pat. No. 10,714,167

APPARATUSES HAVING MEMORY STRINGS COMPARED TO ONE ANOTHER THROUGH A SENSE AMPLIFIER

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first bitline extending horizontally;
a second bitline being offset vertically from the first bitline and extending horizontally in parallel to the first bitline;
a common plate extending horizontally between the first and second bitlines;
a plurality of first memory cell structures disposed horizontally between the first bitline and the common plate, each of the plurality of first memory cell structures including a first access device and a first capacitor coupled in series between the first bitline and the common plate, the first capacitor having a first electrode and a second electrode, the first electrode being configured as an upwardly-opening container structure; and
a plurality of second memory cell structures disposed horizontally between the second bitline and the common plate, each of the plurality of second memory cell structures including a second access device and a second capacitor coupled in series between the second bitline and the common plate, the second capacitor having a third electrode and a fourth electrode, the third electrode being configured as a downwardly-opening container structure, the first capacitor and the second capacitor being mirror images or each other across the common plate.

US Pat. No. 10,714,166

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR DECODING MEMORY ACCESS ADDRESSES FOR ACCESS OPERATIONS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory, comprising:an array of memory cells comprising a plurality of blocks of memory cells;
a plurality of driver circuitries, each driver circuitry of the plurality of driver circuitries connected to a respective block of memory cells of the plurality of blocks of memory cells through a respective plurality of switches; and
block select circuitry having a single output, wherein the output of the block select circuitry is selectively connected to each driver circuitry of the plurality of driver circuitries;
wherein connection of the output of the block select circuitry to any driver circuitry of the plurality of driver circuitries comprises connection of the output of the block select circuitry to a respective control gate of each switch of the respective plurality of switches for that driver circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,714,165

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A controller comprising:an input buffer configured to compare a data signal received from the outside with a reference voltage and store the data signal; and
a reference voltage control unit configured to generate the reference voltage corresponding to a protocol condition of the data signal among a first protocol condition and a second protocol condition and provide the reference voltage to the input buffer,
wherein the reference voltage corresponds to a voltage level range defined under the protocol condition of the data signal.

US Pat. No. 10,714,163

METHODS FOR MITIGATING TRANSISTOR AGING TO IMPROVE TIMING MARGINS FOR MEMORY INTERFACE SIGNALS

Intel Corporation, San J...

1. An integrated circuit die, comprising:an interface block operable to communicate with an external component in accordance with a predetermined interface protocol, wherein the interface block is configured to output an interface clock signal and to output a control signal that is latched at the external component using the interface clock signal, and wherein the interface block is further configured to periodically toggle the control signal during idle periods to improve timing margins by mitigating transistor aging effects in the interface block.

US Pat. No. 10,714,162

MEMORY SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD OF THE MEMORY SYSTEM

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A memory system, comprising:a memory device suitable for storing a data;
a controller suitable for controlling an operation of the memory device based on a control signal; and
an interface device including:
a signal transfer device suitable for transferring the control signal from the controller to the memory device and transferring the data between the memory device and the controller; and
a signal control device suitable for controlling an operation of the signal transfer device in response to an interface control signal included in the control signal,
wherein the interface control signal includes a blocking command for stopping an operation of the signal transfer device, a correction command for correcting a duty cycle of the control signal, and an unblocking command for resuming the operation in response to the corrected control signal, of the signal transfer device.

US Pat. No. 10,714,161

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a memory region selection circuit suitable for generating a plurality of memory region select signals based on a memory region address signal and a mode identification signal, and activating one or more memory region select signals among the plurality of memory region select signals during a first mode, or activating two or more memory region select signals among the plurality of memory region select signals during a second mode;
a column selection circuit suitable for generating a plurality of column select signals based on a column address signal and the mode identification signal, and changing the plurality of column select signals during the first mode, or retaining the plurality of column select signals during the second mode; and
a plurality of memory regions of which one or more memory regions are accessed during the first mode or two or more memory regions are accessed during the second mode, based on the plurality of memory region select signals and the plurality of column select signals,
wherein the column selection circuit generates and retains the plurality of column select signals for a current unit operation time, and changes and retains the plurality of column select signals for a next unit operation time, per input of the column address signal during the first mode, and
wherein the column select circuit generates and retains the plurality of column select signals for the current unit operation time per input of the column address signal during the second mode.

US Pat. No. 10,714,160

WAVE PIPELINE

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory comprising:an array of memory cells;
a clock signal path to provide a clock signal;
a plurality of data paths each comprising a sensing device to sense data from the array of memory cells in response to the clock signal, each data path of the plurality of data paths having a different length, and a first data path of the plurality of data paths having a first length and each of the other data paths of the plurality of data paths having a length shorter than the first length; and
a single return clock signal path to provide a single return clock signal initiated at the sensing device of the first data path of the plurality of data paths, the single return clock signal to trigger data out of the sensing device of each data path of the plurality of data paths to align the data out of the sensing device of each data path of the plurality of data paths with the single return clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,714,159

INDICATION IN MEMORY SYSTEM OR SUB-SYSTEM OF LATENCY ASSOCIATED WITH PERFORMING AN ACCESS COMMAND

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, from a host, a read command for a set of data at a memory device;
determining that the set of data is absent from a buffer within the memory device; and
sending, to the host, an indication of a time delay for the host to observe before issuing a subsequent access command based at least in part on the set of data being absent from the buffer, wherein sending the indication of the time delay for the host to observe comprises transmitting one or more pulses on a pin of the memory device.

US Pat. No. 10,714,158

TWO-STEP DATA-LINE PRECHARGE SCHEME

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising:a memory device comprising:
first and second bit lines;
a first transistor configured to selectively apply a voltage reference to the first bit line in response to a control signal;
a second transistor configured to selectively apply the voltage reference to the second bit line in response to the control signal; and
a control circuit configured to supply the control signal to the first and second transistors, the control circuit comprising:
a third transistor configured to selectively apply a first voltage to gates of the first and second transistors as the control signal in response to a first command signal at a first time; and
a fourth transistor configured to selectively apply a second voltage higher than the first voltage to the gates of the first and second transistors as the control signal in response to a second command signal at a second time following the first time to reduce a precharge time of the first and second bit lines,
wherein the second voltage is greater than gate oxide withstand voltages of the first and second transistors.

US Pat. No. 10,714,157

NON-VOLATILE MEMORY AND RESET METHOD THEREOF

Winbond Electronics Corp....

1. A reset method of non-volatile memory, comprising:performing a first reset operation on a plurality of memory cells;
recording a plurality of first verifying currents respectively corresponding to a plurality of first failure memory cells;
performing a second reset operation on the first failure memory cells, and verifying a plurality of second failure memory cells to obtain a plurality of second verifying currents;
setting a first voltage modify flag according to a plurality of first ratios between the second verifying currents and the respectively corresponding first verifying currents; and
adjusting a reset voltage for performing the first reset operation and the second reset operation according to the first voltage modify flag.

US Pat. No. 10,714,156

APPARATUSES AND METHOD FOR TRIMMING INPUT BUFFERS BASED ON IDENTIFIED MISMATCHES

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:an input buffer having a first input stage circuit configured to receive a first signal, a second input stage circuit configured to receive a second signal, and an output stage coupled to the first and second input stage circuits and configured to provide an output signal, wherein the first input stage circuit comprises a plurality of serially-coupled transistor pairs that are each coupled between the output stage and a bias voltage, wherein each of the plurality of serially-coupled transistors pairs are selectively enabled in response to a respective enable signal; and
a trim circuit coupled to the first input stage circuit and comprising a plurality of programmable components; wherein the trim circuit is configured to be programmed to provide the respective enable signals based on a detected transition voltage offset relative to a target transition voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,714,155

CHARGE PUMP CIRCUIT WITH LOW REVERSE CURRENT AND LOW PEAK CURRENT

eMemory Technology Inc., ...

1. A charge pump circuit comprising:a voltage input port configured to receive an input voltage;
a voltage output port configured to output a pumped voltage;
a plurality of charge pump units cascaded between the voltage input port and the voltage output port, each of the plurality of charge pump units comprises:
an input terminal;
an output terminal;
a first N-type transistor having a first terminal coupled to the input terminal, a second terminal, and a control terminal;
a second N-type transistor having a first terminal coupled to the input terminal, a second terminal coupled to the control terminal of the first N-type transistor, and a control terminal coupled to the second terminal of the first N-type transistor;
a first P-type transistor having a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the first N-type transistor, a second terminal coupled to the output terminal, and a control terminal;
a second P-type transistor having a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the second N-type transistor and the control terminal of the first P-type transistor, a second terminal coupled to the output terminal, and a control terminal coupled to the first terminal of the first P-type transistor;
a first capacitor having a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the first N-type transistor, and a second terminal;
a second capacitor having a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the second N-type transistor, and a second terminal;
a clock input terminal configured to receive a clock signal;
P first inverters coupled in series between the clock input terminal and the second terminal of the first capacitor, wherein P is a positive integer;
R delay elements coupled in series between the clock input terminal and the second terminal of the second capacitor, wherein R is a positive integer; and
Q second inverters coupled in series with the R delay elements, Q is a positive integer smaller than P and a difference between P and Q is an odd number;
a clock signal source configured to generate a main clock signal; and
N clock delay elements coupled to the clock signal source and configured to generate at least one clock signal received by at least one of the plurality of charge pump units by delaying the main clock signal, wherein N is a positive integer;
wherein:
a first charge pump unit of the plurality of charge pump receives the main clock signal; and
the main clock signal has a rising edge leading a rising edge of a second clock signal received by a last charge pump unit of the plurality of charge pump units coupled to the output port, and a falling edge lagging the rising edge of the second clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,714,154

SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

RENESAS ELELCTRONICS CORP...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:an external power supply terminal to be coupled to an external power supply;
a plurality of bit line pairs to be coupled with memory cells;
a plurality of sense amplifier circuits with which the bit line pairs are respectively provided;
a shared source line on a high potential side and a shared source line on a low potential side to be coupled with the sense amplifier circuits; and
a sense amplifier driver circuit to supply a potential to the shared source line on the high potential side,
wherein the sense amplifier driver circuit includes an NMOS transistor having a drain coupled to the external power supply terminal and a source coupled to the shared source line on the high potential side and a first PMOS transistor having a source coupled to a first potential point with a first potential lower than the external potential supplied from the external power supply terminal and a drain coupled to the shared source line on the high potential side, and
wherein the first potential is a power supply potential of the sense amplifier circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,714,153

REVERSED BIAS COMPENSATION FOR SENSE AMPLIFIER OPERATION

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a flip-flop circuit comprising a first transistor and a second transistor; and
a biasing circuit coupled to a first gate of the first transistor and a second gate of the second transistor, wherein the biasing circuit is configured to:
couple the second gate of the second transistor to a first signal line and the first gate of the first transistor to a second signal line in a first configuration; and
couple the first gate of the first transistor and the second gate of the second transistor to a first voltage line in a second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,714,152

VOLTAGE REGULATION SYSTEM FOR MEMORY BIT CELLS

Advanced Micro Devices, I...

1. A circuit comprising:one or more comparators;
control logic configured to:
receive a first supply voltage rail;
receive one or more comparison signals generated by the one or more comparators based on comparing the first supply voltage rail to one or more threshold voltages;
generate one or more mode control signals based on the one or more comparison signals; and
power stage circuitry configured to:
receive the one or more mode control signals;
generate, from the first supply voltage rail, a second supply voltage rail, wherein a voltage level of the second supply voltage rail is based on the one or more mode control signals, and wherein the voltage level of the second supply voltage rail can be above, below, or equal to a voltage level of the first supply voltage rail; and
power one or more devices with the second supply voltage rail.

US Pat. No. 10,714,151

LAYERED SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR

ULTRAMEMORY INC., Tokyo ...

1. A layered semiconductor wafer comprising, layered therein:a plurality of semiconductor wafers each including a semiconductor chip;
a reserve semiconductor wafer including a reserve semiconductor chip which is used as a reserve for the semiconductor chip; and
a control wafer including a control chip which includes a storage unit and controls operating states of the plurality of semiconductor chips and an operating state of the reserve semiconductor chip on a basis of information stored in the storage unit,
wherein information, which is related to a defected semiconductor chip among the plurality of the semiconductor wafers including the semiconductor chip and the reserve semiconductor wafer including the reserve semiconductor chip, is stored in the storage unit of the control chip overlapped to the defective semiconductor chip in the control wafer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,150

FLEXIBLE MEMORY SYSTEM WITH A CONTROLLER AND A STACK OF MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory system, comprising:multiple DRAM memory die stacked above a substrate,
wherein each die includes multiple partitions which operate independently from other partitions, and
wherein multiple vertically interconnected partitions of the stack are interconnected to form multiple respective memory vaults; and
a controller supported by the substrate and configured to interface with a first memory vault through a first group of data interface contacts, to interface with the second memory vault through a second group of data interface contacts, and to interface with at least the first and second memory vaults through a shared group of command interface contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,714,149

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE WITH CLOCK SHARING AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor package comprising:a lower package including a lower package substrate and a memory controller on the lower package substrate;
an upper package stacked on the lower package, the upper package including an upper package substrate and a memory device on the upper package substrate; and
a plurality of vertical interconnections electrically connecting the lower package to the upper package,
wherein the semiconductor package is configured to cause the memory controller to output a first data clock signal used for a channel that is an independent data interface between the memory controller and the memory device, and branch the first data clock signal into n ways such that the first data clock signal is provided to corresponding n pads of the memory device, where n is a natural number that is equal to or greater than 2.

US Pat. No. 10,714,148

SSD STORAGE MODULE, SSD COMPONENT, AND SSD

SHENZHEN LONGSYS ELECTRON...

1. A SSD storage module, comprising a printed circuit board, an encapsulating colloid, and an electronic circuit welded on an inner surface of the printed circuit board and having a data storage function;the encapsulating colloid is formed on an inner surface of the printed circuit board and is configured for seamlessly encapsulating the electronic circuit;
an outer surface of the printed circuit board is provided with a plurality of metal contact pieces that are electrically connected with the electric circuit, and the plurality of metal contact pieces comprise a plurality of SATA interface contact pieces;
the electronic circuit comprises a control integrated circuit, a storage integrated circuit, and an auxiliary circuit; the control integrated circuit is electrically connected with the storage integrated circuit and the auxiliary circuit respectively;
the plurality of SATA interface contact pieces are all strip-shaped, lengths of the plurality of SATA interface contact pieces are not all identical, and the plurality of SATA interface contact pieces are arranged on a side of the outer surface of the printed circuit boards
wherein both the control integrated circuit and the storage integrated circuit are integrated circuit dies that are not individually encapsulated,
a side of the printed circuit board where the plurality of SATA contact pieces are arranged is provided with a separation slot, in a direction vertical to the printed circuit board, the separation slot penetrates from the outer surface of the printed circuit surface to an inner surface the printed circuit board and the encapsulating colloid; the plurality of SATA interface contact pieces are divided by the separation slot into a first contact piece area and a second contact piece area, and the side of the printed circuit board provided with the separation slot and the plurality of SATA interface contact pieces serves as a component part of a standard SATA interface assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,714,147

DISK DEVICE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A disk device comprising:a disk medium having a recording surface;
a top cover having an inner surface comprising a first inner surface portion that extends along the recording surface, a second inner surface portion that is continuous from the first inner surface portion toward a periphery of the top cover and has a curved shape, and a third inner surface portion that is continuous from the second inner surface portion toward the periphery of the top cover and extends in a direction along the recording surface, wherein
the recording surface comprises a writable zone and a non-writable zone, the non-writable zone being at an outer edge of the disk medium,
the first inner surface portion of the top cover faces the writable zone and at least a part of the non-writable zone of the recording surface, and
a thickness of the top cover at a boundary region of the second inner surface portion with the first inner surface portion is less than a thickness of the top cover at the first inner surface portion.

US Pat. No. 10,714,146

RECORDING DEVICE, RECORDING METHOD, REPRODUCING DEVICE, REPRODUCING METHOD, AND RECORDING/REPRODUCING DEVICE

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A recording device comprising:an image/audio recording unit for adding a time code to moving image data obtained by imaging a state in which a person who writes a description is explaining while writing a description in a description portion, and audio data corresponding to the moving image data to record the data in a recording unit; and
an index-image recording unit for processing the moving image data, determining a written portion in the description portion, generating index image data for displaying, as an index description, portions determined as the written portion, and recording the index image data in a recording unit,
wherein, to the index image data, a value of the time code corresponding to description time is added as a timestamp, in association with pixels constituting the index description.

US Pat. No. 10,714,145

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO ASSOCIATE MULTIMEDIA TAGS WITH USER COMMENTS AND GENERATE USER MODIFIABLE SNIPPETS AROUND A TAG TIME FOR EFFICIENT STORAGE AND SHARING OF TAGGED ITEMS

Gracenote, Inc., Emeryvi...

1. A non-transitory machine-readable storage medium having stored thereon, program instructions that when executed by a processor of a machine, cause the machine to perform operations comprising:capturing a snippet of multimedia content from a multimedia program at a timestamp;
generating a tag representing the snippet of multimedia content, wherein the tag, the timestamp, meta information associated with matching original multimedia content, and a monitored variable for a number of viewers of the snippet of multimedia content are stored in a snippet database as a tagged snippet of multimedia content;
performing a comparison the tagged snippet of multimedia content at a selected insertion point in a playlist of tags with other snippets in the playlist of tags if the number of viewers of the tagged snippet exceeds a threshold to automatically determine whether there is an overlap between the tagged snippet and the other snippets;
determining, based on the comparison, that there is the overlap between the tagged snippet and the other snippets; and
responsive to determining that there is the overlap, automatically removing duplicate content from the tagged snippet determined to have the overlap between the tagged snippet and the other snippets to create a modified snippet with an adjusted size without the overlap for insertion in the playlist of tags.

US Pat. No. 10,714,144

CORROBORATING VIDEO DATA WITH AUDIO DATA FROM VIDEO CONTENT TO CREATE SECTION TAGGING

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving, by a computer device, a video stream from a user computer device, the video stream comprising audio data and video data;
determining, by the computer device, a candidate audio tag based on analyzing the audio data;
establishing, by the computer device, an audio confidence score of the candidate audio tag based on the analyzing of the audio data;
determining, by the computer device, a candidate video tag based on analyzing the video data;
establishing, by the computer device, a video confidence score of the candidate video tag based on the analyzing of the video data;
determining, by the computer device, a correlation factor of the candidate audio tag relative to the candidate video tag;
assigning, by the computer device, a tag to a portion in the video stream based on the correlation factor exceeding a correlation threshold value and at least one of the audio confidence score exceeding an audio threshold value and the video confidence score exceeding a video threshold value; and
de-assigning the tag to the portion in the video stream based on the audio confidence score falling below the audio threshold value, the video confidence score falling below the video threshold value, and a correlation factor experiencing a delta.

US Pat. No. 10,714,143

DISTINGUISHING HEVC PICTURES FOR TRICK MODE OPERATIONS

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving a user request for a trick mode operation;
decoding a High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) bitstream in response to the user request for the trick mode operation starting at a Random Access Point (RAP) picture that is not a Random Access Skipped Leading (RASL) picture and is of a tier equal to K where K is an integer, wherein the RAP picture is decodable if all immediately preceding pictures in tiers 0 to K have been decoded, and wherein tier information is contained in Personal Video Recording (PVR) assistance information provided in data filed of the bitstream;
extracting, based on the tier information, reference pictures from the decoded HEVC stream; and
providing, based on the reference pictures, the requested trick mode.

US Pat. No. 10,714,142

DISK DEVICE AND MEDIA SCANNING METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A disk device, comprising:a disk;
a head that performs data read/write processing on a recording region of the disk; and
a controller that controls the media scan processing for detecting a presence or absence of a defect in a sector in the recording region of the disk in track unit,
wherein when the controller performs media scan processing on a first sector and a second sector arranged in the track, and a third sector arranged between the first sector and the second sector, the controller performs skip processing in which the controller scans the first sector and the second sector, and does not scan the third sector, and
the controller optionally changes, for each media scan processing, at least one of the number and a location of the third sector to be skipped in the media skip processing, and performs selection so that physical positions of sectors to be skipped between adjacent tracks do not overlap at the time of the change.

US Pat. No. 10,714,141

METHOD FOR ACCESSING SHINGLED MAGNETIC RECORDING SMR DISK, AND SERVER

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for accessing a shingled magnetic recording (SMR) hard disk, the method comprising:receiving, by a server, a data operation request comprising address information of target data;
determining, by the server according to the address information, a target storage zone in the SMR hard disk that corresponds to the target data;
determining, by the server, whether there is write pointer information of the target storage zone in a cache of the server;
in response to determining that there is no write pointer information of the target storage zone in the cache, determining, by the server, whether a quantity of storage zones opened in the SMR hard disk has reached a threshold;
in response to determining that the quantity of storage zones opened in the SMR hard disk has not reached the threshold, sending, by the server, an open zone instruction and a report zone instruction to the SMR hard disk;
receiving, by the server, the write pointer information of the target storage zone and storing the write pointer information in the cache, wherein the write pointer information is address information of latest stored data in the target storage zone;
generating, by the server, a data operation instruction according to the write pointer information and the address information of the target data; and
sending, by the server, the data operation instruction to the SMR hard disk for performing an operation on the target data.

US Pat. No. 10,714,140

METHOD OF PLAYING SYSTEM STREAM FILES WITH DIFFERENT RECORDING FORMATS

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A non-transitory tangible recording medium in which is recorded AV data having a system stream file played by a playback device,the playback device having:
an individual decryption key that is owned individually by each of a plurality of playback devices, and
a common decryption key that is owned in common by the plurality of playback devices;
the system stream file including:
a first system stream file configured to be played back using both the individual decryption key and the common decryption key, and
a second system stream file configured to be played back using only the common decryption key among the individual decryption key and the common decryption key,
wherein whether the system stream file to be played back is the first system stream file or the second system stream file is identified by the playback device in accordance with a file extension of the system stream file.

US Pat. No. 10,714,138

PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC RECORDING MEDIUM

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A perpendicular magnetic recording medium comprising:a nonmagnetic substrate; and
a magnetic recording layer on the nonmagnetic substrate, wherein:
said magnetic recording layer has a granular structure including a first magnetic crystal grain and a first nonmagnetic crystal grain boundary surrounding said first magnetic crystal grain,
said first magnetic crystal grain consists of an ordered alloy having, by atom, 30-70% Fe, 30-70% Pt and 1-25% Rh, said ordered alloy being an L10 type ordered alloy, and
said first nonmagnetic crystal grain boundary consists of carbon, boron or a combination thereof, an amount of said first nonmagnetic crystal grain boundary being, by volume, in a range of 10% to 50% of a total amount of a material of said magnetic recording layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,137

NEAR-FIELD TRANSDUCER HAVING A PEG SURROUNDED BY A METAL APERTURE PLATE

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A recording head, comprising:a waveguide core layer that delivers light from a light source to a region proximate a magnetic write pole;
a near-field transducer formed of a thin metal film deposited over the waveguide core layer, the near-field transducer comprising:
an enlarged part with two straight edges facing a media-facing surface and at obtuse angles relative to the media-facing surface;
a peg extending from the enlarged part towards the media-facing surface, and end of the peg parallel to the media-facing surface; and
a metal aperture plate at the media-facing surface, the metal aperture plate contiguously surrounding at least three sides of the end of the peg, the magnetic write pole surrounding a fourth side of the peg, the metal aperture plate shifting an electric field profile of the peg to be concentrated along a downtrack edge of the peg facing away from the write pole.

US Pat. No. 10,714,136

ALTERNATIVE DESIGNS FOR MAGNETIC RECORDING ASSISTED BY TWO SPIN HALL EFFECT (SHE) LAYERS IN THE WRITE GAP

Headway Technologies, Inc...

1. A Spin Hall Effect (SHE) assisted magnetic recording (SHAMR) structure, comprising:(a) a main pole (MP) configured to generate a magnetic write field in a MP tip with a front side at an air bearing surface (ABS), and having a local magnetization that is proximate to a MP trailing side and substantially in a direction of a write gap (WG) flux field across an adjoining WG and between the MP tip across and a trailing shield;
(b) the trailing shield (TS) with a front side at the ABS, and a local magnetization proximate to a bottom surface that faces the MP, and substantially in a direction of the WG flux field; and
(c) a first Spin Hall Effect layer (SHE1) formed in the WG and on the MP trailing side, and having a top surface adjoining an insulation layer, and comprised of a Spin Hall Angle (SHA) material, wherein the SHE1 is configured to generate a first transverse spin transfer torque that tilts the local MP magnetization to a direction that is more parallel to the MP write field thereby enhancing the MP write field when a first current (I1) is applied between the MP trailing side and SHE1;
(d) the insulation layer; and
(e) a second Spin Hall Effect layer (SHE2) formed on the insulation layer and having a top surface that contacts the TS bottom surface, and comprised of a SHA material, wherein the SHE2 is configured to generate a second transverse spin transfer torque that tilts the local TS magnetization to a direction that is more orthogonal to the ABS to increase a TS return field when a second current (I2) is applied between the TS and SHE2.

US Pat. No. 10,714,135

AIR-BEARING SURFACE DESIGNS WITH A CURVED TRAILING AIR FLOW DAM

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A slider, comprising:a leading edge having a first end and a second end;
a trailing edge having a first end and a second end;
an outer-diameter edge extending between the first end of the leading edge and the first end of the trailing edge;
an inner-diameter edge extending between the second end of the leading edge and the second end of the trailing edge;
an outer-diameter trailing air flow dam; and
an inner-diameter trailing air flow dam,
wherein, in an air-bearing surface (ABS) view of the slider:
at least a portion of the outer-diameter trailing air flow dam extends in a first direction from a trailing edge pad toward the outer-diameter edge,
wherein the first direction is not parallel to the trailing edge, and
at least a portion of the inner-diameter trailing air flow dam extends in a second direction from the trailing edge pad toward the inner-diameter edge, wherein the second direction is not parallel to the trailing edge.

US Pat. No. 10,714,134

APPROXIMATED PARAMETER ADAPTATION

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

12. A method comprising:producing, by a circuit including a Soft-Output Viterbi Algorithm (SOVA) detector configured to process an input signal using a selected set of channel parameters and using a first adaptation algorithm, a first set of channel parameters for use by the circuit as the selected set of channel parameters as branch biases of the SOVA detector to perform processing of the input signal;
approximating a second set of channel parameters of a second adaptation algorithm for use by the circuit as the selected set of channel parameters in processing the input signal based on the first set of channel parameters and a relationship between a third set of channel parameters generated using the first adaptation algorithm and a fourth set of channel parameters generated using the second adaptation algorithm;
processing the input signal using the second set of channel parameters as the selected set of channel parameters; and
the first adaptation algorithm being a minimum mean squared error (MMSE) adaptation algorithm and the second adaptation algorithm being a Minimum Bit-Error Rate (MBER) adaptation algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,714,133

DATA STORAGE DEVICE CAPABLE OF OVERRIDING A SERVO COMMAND TO AVOID AN OVERCURRENT CONDITION

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A data storage device comprising:a disk;
a head;
a first actuator configured to actuate the head over the disk;
a second actuator configured to rotate the disk;
a first control circuit configured to generate a servo command; and
a second control circuit configured to:
receive the servo command from the first control circuit;
control the first actuator or the second actuator using the servo command; and
override the servo command to avoid an overcurrent condition.

US Pat. No. 10,714,132

MAGNETIC FLUX GUIDING DEVICES ALL AROUND MAIN POLE DESIGN WITHOUT LEADING SHIELD AND SIDE SHIELDS IN ASSISTED WRITING APPLICATIONS

Headway Technologies, Inc...

1. A perpendicular magnetic recording (PMR) writer, comprising:(a) a main pole (MP) having a pole tip with a leading side and a trailing side, the leading side adjoins a lead gap (LG) at an air bearing surface (ABS), and the trailing side has a track width and adjoins a write gap (WG) at the ABS, and the MP trailing side at the ABS is at a first plane that is orthogonal to the ABS;
(b) a side gap (SG) which contacts a side of the MP tip formed between the trailing side and leading side on each side of a center plane that bisects the MP tip in a direction orthogonal to the ABS and the first plane;
(c) a shield structure comprising a first trailing shield (TS) on the WG, and a second TS on the first TS and contacting the first plane on portions thereof proximate to a WG side on each side of the center plane; and
(d) a flux guiding (FG) device that is formed in each of the WG, SG, and LG and known as FGWG, FGSG, and FGLG, respectively, and wherein each of the FG devices comprises a flux guiding layer (FGL) and is configured so that a FGL magnetization in FGWG, FGSG, and FGLG flips to a direction substantially opposing a flux field in the WG, SG, and LG, respectively, when a current (Ib) of sufficient current density is applied across the WG, SG, and LG so that reluctance is increased in each of the WG, SG, and LG thereby enhancing a write field from the MP tip on a magnetic medium; and
(e) at least one of a first non-magnetic conductor (NMC1) with an inner side that adjoins a side of the FGLG that faces away from the MP leading side, and a second non-magnetic conductor (NMC2) with an inner side that adjoins a side of each FGSG that faces away from a MP tip side, and wherein NMC1 is configured to enable the current Ib to flow across the LG, and wherein NMC2 is configured to enable the current Ib to flow across each SG.

US Pat. No. 10,714,131

UNIFIED DUAL FREE LAYER READER WITH SHARED REFERENCE LAYER TO ENABLE REDUCED READER-TO-READER SEPARATION

Headway Technologies, Inc...

1. A magnetic read head structure, comprising:(a) a first stack of layers formed on a substrate and with a front side at an air bearing surface (ABS); comprising:
(1) a first seed layer (S1) on the substrate;
(2) a first free layer (FL1) on S1 and with a first magnetization in a first cross-track direction and a backside at a first height (h1) from the ABS;
(3) a first tunnel barrier (TB1) on FL1; and
(4) a first sub-layer of a reference layer (RL) on TB1;
(b) a second stack of layers with a front side adjoining a first insulation layer (INS1) that contacts the backside of FL1, and having a backside at a third height (h3) from the ABS where h3>h1, comprising:
(1) a second seed layer (S2) formed on INS1;
(2) an antiferromagnetic (AFM) layer on S2;
(3) a pinned layer (PL) on the AFM layer wherein the PL has a magnetization that is pinned in a first transverse direction by the AFM layer;
(4) a first antiferromagnetic (AF) coupling layer on the PL; and
(5) a second sub-layer of the RL on the first AF coupling layer;
(c) an upper RL portion formed on the first and second RL sub-layers wherein the upper RL portion has a front side at the ABS and a backside at h3, and has at least one magnetic layer with a magnetization in a second transverse direction that is opposite to the first transverse direction, and thereby forming a first sensor comprised of the first stack of layers, the second RL sub-layer, and the upper RL portion, and the reference layer (RL) comprised of the first and second RL sub-layers and upper RL portion;
(d) a third stack of layers formed on the RL upper portion, and with a front side at the ABS; comprising:
(1) a second tunnel barrier layer (TB2) on the upper RL portion;
(2) a second free layer (FL2) on TB2 and having a second magnetization in the first cross-track direction and a backside adjoining a second insulation layer (INS2) at a second height (h2) from the ABS where h2 (3) a first capping layer on FL2 thereby forming a second sensor comprised of the third stack of layers, the first and second RL sub-layers, and the upper RL portion wherein a continuous sidewall is formed on each side of the first and second sensors, and the two sidewalls are equidistant from a center plane at the ABS; and
(e) a junction shield formed adjacent to each of the two sidewalls wherein a magnetization provides longitudinal biasing to the first and second magnetizations in FL1 and FL2, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,714,130

MAGNETIC READER SENSOR WITH SHIELD-TO-SHIELD SPACING IMPROVEMENT AND BETTER FREE LAYER-TO-SHIELD SPACING CONTROL

Headway Technologies, Inc...

1. A method of forming an MTJ or MR read sensor, comprising:providing a bottom shield layer;
sequentially forming on said bottom shield layer a reversed thin-film MTJ or MR sensor stack deposition, wherein a spacer layer is formed on said bottom shield layer, a free layer (FL) is formed on said spacer layer, a barrier layer (for an MTJ) or conducting layer (for an MR) is then formed on the FL and a pinned layer structure is formed thereon; then
patterning said sensor stack deposition in a cross-track (x) direction to remove laterally extending portions of each layer formed sequentially on said bottom shield layer and to reduce the stack width and produce symmetrically sloping sides; then
forming a first layer of insulation over said bottom shield layer and over said symmetrically sloping sides; then
forming biasing layers over said layer of insulation, said biasing layers abutting said insulation layer covering said symmetrically sloping sides; then
forming a second layer of insulation over said biasing layers; then
patterning a back end of said sensor stack deposition in a stripe-height (y) direction, reducing the height of all layers thereof and producing a sloping side thereon; then
forming an insulating refill layer covering said sloping side on said back end and extending down said sloping side and forming a horizontal portion extending horizontally rearward; then
forming an antiferromagnetic (AFM) coupling layer on said horizontal portion of said insulating refill layer, said AFM coupling layer abutting said insulating refill layer covering said sloping side; and
forming a smooth surface in which a top surface of said AFM coupling layer and said pinned layer structure are co-planar.

US Pat. No. 10,714,129

WRITER WITH RECESSED SPIN FLIPPING ELEMENT IN THE MAIN POLE SURROUNDING GAP

Headway Technologies, Inc...

1. A microwave assisted magnetic recording (MAMR) writer, comprising:(a) a main pole (MP) with a leading side and a trailing side, the leading side adjoins a leading gap at an air bearing surface (ABS), and the trailing side has a track width and adjoins a write gap at the ABS;
(b) a side gap which contacts a side of the main pole formed between the trailing side and leading side on each side of a center plane that is equidistant from each main pole side;
(c) the leading gap that adjoins a bottom portion of each side gap and contacts the leading side of the main pole;
(d) a shield structure comprising a first trailing shield (TS) that is a hot seed (HS) layer on the write gap, a side shield contacting each side gap, and a leading shield adjoining a bottom surface of the leading gap; and
(e) a first spin torque oscillator (STO) formed in at least each side gap, and wherein each first STO is recessed a first height from the ABS, and comprises:
(1) an inner non-spin preserving layer that contacts the main pole;
(2) a middle flux guiding layer (FGL) configured to have a magnetization that is driven into a precessional state when a current Ib of sufficient magnitude is applied in a direction from the shield structure towards the main pole, the precessional state is responsible for a reduction in magnetic flux between at least the MP and the side shields; and
(3) an outer spin preserving layer on an opposite side of the FGL with respect to the inner non-spin preserving layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,128

MAGNETIC WRITE HEAD WITH DUAL RETURN POLE

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A heat-assisted magnetic recording (HAMR) write head, comprising:an air-bearing surface (ABS);
a main pole extending to the ABS;
a first return pole extending to the ABS and disposed, at the ABS, between the main pole and a leading side of the magnetic write head;
a waveguide extending to the ABS and disposed, at the ABS, between the first return pole and the main pole;
a near-field transducer extending to the ABS and disposed, at the ABS, between the waveguide and the main pole; and
a second return pole disposed between the main pole and a trailing side of the magnetic write head, wherein the second return pole comprises a tapered portion adjacent to the ABS, wherein the tapered portion extends in a direction toward the main pole, and wherein a distance between the main pole and the second return pole is between approximately 600 nm and approximately 1000 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,714,127

SHAPE DESIGNS OF MAGNETIC FLUX GUIDING DEVICES ALL AROUND THE MAIN POLE IN ASSISTED WRITING APPLICATIONS

Headway Technologies, Inc...

1. A perpendicular magnetic recording (PMR) writer, comprising:(a) a main pole (MP) having a pole tip with a leading side and a trailing side, and two sides connecting the leading and trailing sides at an air bearing surface (ABS), wherein the leading side adjoins a lead gap (LG), and the trailing side at the ABS has a track width between two MP tip corners, and is formed on a first plane that is orthogonal to the ABS;
(b) a side gap (SG) adjoining each of the two MP sides and formed on an inner side shield (SS) side wherein each inner SS side forms a side gap angle ? where ? is from 15-45 degrees with respect to a second plane comprising a top surface of a leading shield (LS) and formed parallel to the first plane;
(c) a first flux guiding (FG) device that is formed on the MP tip trailing side and in a write gap (WG), and a second FG device formed on the LS top surface in the LG and on the inner SS side in each SG, and wherein the first and second FG devices comprise a first flux guiding layer (FGL1) and second flux guiding layer (FGL2), respectively, and are configured so that a FGL1 magnetization flips to a direction substantially opposing a flux field in the WG, and a FGL2 magnetization in the LG and in each SG flips to a direction substantially opposing a flux field in the LG and in each SG, respectively, when a current (Ib) of sufficient current density is applied across the first and second FG devices so that reluctance is increased in each of the WG, SG, and LG thereby enhancing a write field from the MP tip on a magnetic medium; and
(d) a trailing shield structure comprising a first trailing shield (TS) on the first FG device and on portions of the WG adjoining the first FG device.

US Pat. No. 10,714,126

MAGNETIC RECORDING HEAD AND DISK DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A magnetic recording head comprising:a slider having an air bearing surface that faces a surface of a recording medium;
a main magnetic pole including a fore-end portion that extends towards the air bearing surface and configured to generate recording magnetic fields in a first direction that is perpendicular to the surface of the recording medium;
a write shield magnetic pole located across from the fore-end portion of the main magnetic pole to form a write gap that extends therebetween in a second direction and forming a magnetic core in conjunction with the main magnetic pole;
a coil configured to excite a magnetic flux in the magnetic core;
first and second spin-torque oscillators in the write gap and arranged along a third direction with a spacing therebetween, wherein the third direction is parallel to the surface of the recording medium and perpendicular to the first direction;
an insulating layer inside the write gap between the first and second spin-torque oscillators; and
a current circuit electrically connected to the first and second spin-torque oscillators via the main magnetic pole and the write shield magnetic pole and configured to supply current to oscillate one of the first and second spin-torque oscillators, wherein
the first spin-torque oscillator includes
a first conductive layer formed from a non-magnetic metal,
a first magnetic flux control layer formed from a magnetic metal and provided on the first conductive layer, and
a second conductive layer formed from a non-magnetic metal and provided between the first magnetic flux control layer and the write shield magnetic pole, and
the second spin-torque oscillator includes
a third conductive layer formed from a non-magnetic metal,
a second magnetic flux control layer formed from a magnetic metal and provided on the third conductive layer, and
a fourth conductive layer formed from a non-magnetic metal and provided between the second magnetic flux control layer and the fore-end portion of the main magnetic pole.

US Pat. No. 10,714,125

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A MAGNETIC RECORDING HEAD

SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC,...

1. A method of manufacturing a magnetic recording head, comprising:forming a side shield template structure;
forming a main pole recess region in the side shield template structure;
forming a non-magnetic gap material layer in the main pole recess region;
forming a main pole over the non-magnetic gap material layer; and
replacing the side shield template structure with a side shield.

US Pat. No. 10,714,124

STORAGE DEVICE AND STORAGE METHOD

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A storage device comprising:a selection circuit that selects one mapping rule from a plurality of mapping rules in which each of bit labels having a bit length of (n+1) or more is mapped to n M-ary symbols, when M is defined as an integer of 3 or more and n is defined as an integer of 2 or more;
a first conversion circuit that converts a data block in data into an M-ary symbol sequence using the selected one mapping rule;
a second conversion circuit that converts the converted M-ary symbol sequence into an M-step pulse width signal;
a recording medium that records converted M-step pulse width signal; and
a readback circuit that equalizes the signal read from the recording medium to the M-ary symbol sequence and restores the data.

US Pat. No. 10,714,123

RECORD PLAYER

SHENZHEN 1BYONE TECHNOLOG...

1. A record player, comprising:a cabinet that includes a first opening located on a side surface, a bottom surface or a top surface of the cabinet and a second opening located on the top surface of the cabinet;
a speaker positioned at the first opening;
a movement base-plate positioned at the second opening and including a recessed part; and
a movement positioned in the recessed part and electrically connected to the speaker, wherein the movement includes:
a turntable base;
a tone arm base, wherein the height of the turntable base is lower than that of the tone arm base, and the turntable base is connected to the tone arm base in a stepped form;
a turntable mounted on the turntable base;
a tone arm mounted on the tone arm base and electrically connected to the speaker; and
a driving device used to drive the turntable to rotate,
wherein a lower surface of a protruding edge located on the turntable base is abutted on an edge of the recessed part, a lower surface of a partial edge of the tone arm base is abutted on the edge of the recessed part, and the bottom of the recessed part is lower than the turntable base.

US Pat. No. 10,714,122

SPEECH CLASSIFICATION OF AUDIO FOR WAKE ON VOICE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A speech detection system comprising:a memory to store received audio input; and
a processor coupled to the memory, the processor to:
generate, via acoustic scoring of an acoustic model based on the received audio input, a plurality of probability scores each for a corresponding audio unit;
update a speech pattern model based on at least some of the probability scores to generate a score for each state of the speech pattern model, wherein the speech pattern model comprises a first non-speech state comprising a plurality of self loops each associated with a non-speech probability score of the probability scores, a plurality of speech states following the first non-speech state, and a second non-speech state following the speech states, wherein the speech states comprise a first speech state following and connected to the first non-speech state by a plurality of first transitions each corresponding to a speech probability score of the probability scores and a second speech state following the first speech state and preceding the second non-speech state;
determine whether the received audio input comprises speech based on a comparison of a first score of the first non-speech state and a second score of the second speech state; and
provide a speech detection indicator when the received audio input comprises speech.

US Pat. No. 10,714,121

DISTINGUISHING USER SPEECH FROM BACKGROUND SPEECH IN SPEECH-DENSE ENVIRONMENTS

VOCOLLECT, INC., Pittsbu...

1. A method of speech recognition, the method comprising:receiving at a microphone of a speech recognition device (SRD) an audio input;
identifying, via a hardware processor of the SRD which is communicatively coupled with the microphone, a vocalization of a human language in the received audio input; and
categorizing, via the hardware processor, the received vocalization of a human language, based on a speech difference between the received vocalization of human language and an audio mix which is stored in a memory of the SRD, the memory communicatively coupled with the hardware processor, as either one of:
a first vocalization originating from a user of the SRD in response to determining that an absolute value of the speech difference is less than a speech rejection threshold stored in the memory; or
a second vocalization originating from a background, in response to determining that the absolute value of the speech difference is greater than the speech rejection threshold, wherein the background speech is a non-user background speech in the vicinity of the SRD or a background environmental sound.

US Pat. No. 10,714,120

MULTISENSORY SPEECH DETECTION

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:detecting, by data processing hardware of a mobile device, movement of the mobile device from a first pose to a second pose, the second pose corresponding to the mobile device in a talking pose proximate to a part of a user of the mobile device;
in response to detecting the movement of the mobile device from the first pose to the second pose:
initiating, by the data processing hardware, execution of an audio recording process using a microphone of the mobile device; and
notifying, by the data processing hardware, the user of the mobile device when execution of the audio recording process starts by:
generating a visual notification that indicates to the user when execution of the audio recording process starts; and
displaying the visual notification on a user interface of the mobile device, wherein the visual notification comprises a microphone graphic;
receiving, at the data processing hardware, a speech utterance of the user captured by the microphone during execution of the audio recording process; and
generating, by the data processing hardware, a transcription of the speech utterance captured by the microphone during the audio recording process.

US Pat. No. 10,714,119

COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Plantronics, Inc., Santa...

1. A communication device for a communication system, the communication device having at leastan I/O interface for connection with one or more audio sources to at least receive an input audio signal;
a user audio output;
an audio processor to provide an output audio signal to the user audio output from the input audio signal; and
a reporting module, configured to analyze the input audio signal and to determine, whether at least one acoustic safety incident is given, upon which the reporting module is configured to generate metadata of the acoustic safety incident wherein
the reporting module is further configured to capture an input audio snippet of the input audio signal upon determination of the acoustic safety incident.

US Pat. No. 10,714,118

AUDIO COMPRESSION USING AN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method comprising:by a first client computing device, establishing a communication session to a second client computing device;
by the first client computing device, accessing a first audio signal;
by the first client computing device, compressing the first audio signal using a compression portion of a first artificial neural network particularly trained to compress a first user's voice using one or more voice signals of the first user, wherein:
the first artificial neural network is generated during the communication session when an artificial neural network customized to the first user is unavailable;
the first artificial neural network comprises an input layer, a middle layer, and an output layer;
the compression portion of the first artificial neural network comprises all layers of the first artificial neural network between the input layer of the first artificial neural network and the middle layer of the first artificial neural network, inclusive;
each layer of the first artificial neural network comprises one or more nodes;
the middle layer of the first artificial neural network comprises fewer nodes than any other layer of the first artificial neural network; and
a first compressed audio signal based on the first audio signal comprises an output of the middle layer of the first artificial neural network;
by the first client computing device, sending the first compressed audio signal to the second client computing device, wherein:
a decompression portion of the first artificial neural network is stored on the second client computing device, wherein, when the first artificial neural network was generated during the communication session, the decompression portion of the first artificial neural network is sent to the second client computing device during the communication session; and
the decompression portion of the first artificial neural network stored on the second client computing device comprises all layers of the first artificial neural network between the middle layer of the first artificial neural network and the output layer of the first artificial neural network, inclusive;
by the first client computing device, receiving from the second client computing device a second compressed audio signal, wherein the second compressed audio signal was compressed using a compression portion of a second artificial neural network separately trained to compress a second user's voice using one or more voice signals of the second user; and
by the first client computing device, decompressing the second compressed audio signal using a decompression portion of the second artificial neural network stored on the first client computing device, wherein:
the second artificial neural network comprises an input layer, a middle layer, and an output layer;
the decompression portion of the second artificial neural network comprises all layers of the second artificial neural network between the middle layer of the second artificial neural network and the output layer of the second artificial neural network, inclusive;
each layer of the second artificial neural network comprises one or more nodes;
the middle layer of the second artificial neural network comprises fewer nodes than any other layer of the second artificial neural network; and
a decompressed audio signal based on a second audio signal comprises an output of the output layer of the second artificial neural network.

US Pat. No. 10,714,117

VOICE TRIGGER FOR A DIGITAL ASSISTANT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

8. An electronic device comprising:one or more processors;
a memory; and
one or more programs, wherein the one or more programs are stored in the memory and configured to be executed by the one or more processors, the one or more programs including instructions for:
operating a voice trigger in a first mode;
determining whether the electronic device is in an enclosed space by detecting that one or more of a microphone and a camera of the electronic device is occluded, wherein a trigger phrase associated with the voice trigger is adapted based on the determination of whether the electronic device is in the enclosed space;
upon a determination that the electronic device is in the enclosed space, generating instructions to switch the voice trigger to a second mode; and
switching the voice trigger to the second mode based on the instructions.

US Pat. No. 10,714,116

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ACTIVE NOISE CANCELLATION FOR INTERIOR OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE

GM Cruise Holdings LLC, ...

1. A vehicle comprising: a speaker positioned in an interior of the vehicle; a microphone positioned on an exterior of the vehicle, wherein the microphone outputs an audio signal indicative of a first sound that is emitted by a noise source and that is incident on the microphone; a first sensor in the interior of the vehicle configured to output first data indicative of positions of objects in the interior of the vehicle; a second sensor configured to output second data indicative of positions of objects in a driving environment of the vehicle; and a computing system configured to perform the following acts: identifying, based upon the first data output by the first sensor, a position of a head of a passenger of the vehicle; computing a position of the noise source in the driving environment based upon the second data output by the second sensor; computing a complementary signal based upon the position of the head of the passenger, the position of the noise source, and the audio signal, wherein further the complementary signal is computed based upon a propagation model, the propagation model indicative of a change in the first sound emitted by the noise source as the first sound travels from the location of the noise source to the position of the head of the passenger; and outputting the complementary signal to the speaker, wherein the complementary signal is configured to cause the speaker to emit a second sound that causes the first sound to be attenuated in the interior of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,714,115

DYNAMIC PLAYER SELECTION FOR AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING

Sonos, Inc., Santa Barba...

1. A media system comprising a first playback device and a second playback device, the media system comprising:the first playback device comprising:
one or more microphones;
a network interface;
a processor;
a non-transitory computer-readable medium;
program instructions stored on the non-transitory computer-readable medium that, when executed by the processor, cause the first playback device to perform functions comprising:
receiving an indication of an available amount of computational power of the second playback device; and
based on the received indication of the available amount of computational power of the second playback device, sending, to the second playback device, a set of audio signals received by the one or more microphones of the first playback device, wherein the set of audio signals includes at least one voice input;
the second playback device comprising:
a network interface;
a processor;
a non-transitory computer-readable medium;
program instructions stored on the non-transitory computer-readable medium that, when executed by the processor, cause the second playback device to perform functions comprising:
receiving, from the first playback device, the set of audio signals received by the one or more microphones of the first playback device;
processing the set of audio signals using a first set of audio processing algorithms to determine a set of signal measures corresponding to the set of audio signals;
based on the set of signal measures, identifying, from the set of audio signals, at least two audio signals that are to be re-processed using a second set of audio processing algorithms so as to improve the respective signal measures of the at least two audio signals;
re-processing the at least two audio signals using the second set of audio processing algorithms;
combining the re-processed at least two audio signals into a combined audio signal; and
sending the combined audio signal to a network device.

US Pat. No. 10,714,114

NOISE REDUCTION METHOD, SYSTEM AND TERMINAL DEVICE

UBTECH ROBOTICS CORP, Sh...

1. A computer-implemented noise reduction method for a robot having a head and a servo for controlling the head to rotate, the head being provided with a microphone array having a plurality of microphones located in beam areas on the head each being set as one of a noise suppression area and a sound source enhancement area, the method comprising executing on a processor steps of:positioning a far-field sound source to obtain a position angle of the far-field sound source with respect to the microphone array;
calculating a target rotation angle basing on the position angle and an initial rotation angle of the servo;
controlling the servo to rotate the target rotation angle to align the microphone array with the far-field sound source;
determining whether the sound source enhancement area is aligned with the far-field sound source basing on the position angle, the initial rotation angle, and the target rotation angle; and
changing the noise suppression area currently aligned with the far-field sound source to the sound source enhancement area by changing an audio signal suppression ratio thereof, in response to the sound source enhancement area being not aligned with the far-field sound source;
wherein calculating the target rotation angle basing on the position angle and the initial rotation angle of the servo further comprises:
obtaining the initial rotation angle of the servo;
determining whether the position angle and the initial rotation angle meet a first preset condition; and
controlling the sound source enhancement area to emit a beam to act on the far-field sound source, in response to the position angle and the initial rotation angle meeting the first preset condition; and
wherein the step of calculating the target rotation angle basing on the position angle and the initial rotation angle of the servo comprises:
calculating a determination angle basing on the position angle and the initial rotation angle; and
calculating the target rotation angle basing on the determination angle.

US Pat. No. 10,714,111

ENHANCED ADAPTIVE AUDIO RENDERING TECHNIQUES

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computing device, comprising:a processor;
a computer-readable storage medium in communication with the processor, the computer-readable storage medium having computer-executable instructions stored thereupon which, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
receive contextual data indicating a number of audio objects associated with capabilities of an encoder in communication with the computing device;
select a spatialization technology from a plurality of spatialization technologies, wherein individual spatialization technologies of the plurality of spatialization technologies are each associated with a threshold number of audio objects, wherein the selected spatialization technology is associated with the threshold number of objects that correlates with the number of audio objects associated with capabilities of the encoder;
cause the encoder to generate a rendered output signal based on an input signal comprising object-based audio and channel-based audio processed by the selected spatialization technology; and
cause a communication of the rendered output signal from the encoder to one or more speakers of an endpoint device.

US Pat. No. 10,714,110

DECODING DATA SEGMENTS REPRESENTING A TIME-DOMAIN DATA STREAM

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An apparatus for decoding data segments representing a time-domain data stream, a data segment encoded in a time domain, a data segment encoded in a frequency domain having successive blocks of data representing successive and overlapping blocks of time-domain data samples, the apparatus comprising:a time-domain decoder for decoding the data segment encoded in the time domain;
a processor for processing the data segment encoded in the frequency domain and output data of the time-domain decoder to obtain overlapping time-domain data blocks; and
an overlap/add-combiner for combining the overlapping time-domain data blocks to obtain decoded data segments of a time-domain data stream.

US Pat. No. 10,714,109

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR BUFFERING AND COMPRESSION OF DATA

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. A device, comprising:an allocation module, for determining one or more metrics of each of a plurality of data streams;
a compression module, for compressing each of the plurality of data streams and generating a plurality of compressed data streams, the compression module applying a compression ratio that varies as a function of the metrics determined by the allocation module; and
a buffer memory, for storing the plurality of compressed data streams, wherein the buffer memory comprises Y rows, each row being X bits wide, wherein X and Y are integers, and wherein data values stored in each row correspond to samples of said plurality of data streams acquired at an instance in time, wherein the compression ratios for each of the plurality of data streams are selected such that a row of the buffer memory is fully occupied with samples of said plurality of data streams acquired at an instance in time.

US Pat. No. 10,714,108

LINEAR PREDICTION COEFFICIENT CONVERSION DEVICE AND LINEAR PREDICTION COEFFICIENT CONVERSION METHOD

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo ...

1. A linear prediction coefficient conversion device that converts first linear prediction coefficients calculated at a first sampling frequency F1 to second linear prediction coefficients at a second sampling frequency F2 (where F1 calculate, on the real axis of the unit circle, autocorrelation coefficients from the power spectrum; and
convert the autocorrelation coefficients to the second linear prediction coefficients at the second sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,714,107

LINEAR PREDICTION COEFFICIENT CONVERSION DEVICE AND LINEAR PREDICTION COEFFICIENT CONVERSION METHOD

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo ...

1. A linear prediction coefficient conversion device that converts first linear prediction coefficients calculated at a first sampling frequency F1 to second linear prediction coefficients at a second sampling frequency F2 (where F1 calculate, on the real axis of the unit circle, autocorrelation coefficients from the power spectrum; and
convert the autocorrelation coefficients to the second linear prediction coefficients at the second sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,714,106

JITTER BUFFER CONTROL, AUDIO DECODER, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A jitter buffer control for controlling a provision of a decoded audio content on the basis of an input audio content,wherein the jitter buffer control is configured to select a frame-based time scaling or a sample-based time scaling in a signal-adaptive manner, such that a decision whether a frame-based time scaling or a sample-based time scaling is used is adapted to the characteristics of the audio signal, and
wherein the jitter buffer control is implemented using a hardware apparatus, or using a computer, or using a combination of a hardware apparatus and a computer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,105

AUDIO FINGERPRINTING

Gracenote, Inc., Emeryvi...

1. An apparatus comprising:a vector generator to:
determine first and second groups of frequencies in a plurality of frequencies from spectral data derived from audio data, the first group including frequencies different from frequencies in the second group of frequencies, each of the frequencies of the first group being higher than each of the frequencies in the second group,
identify a first subgroup of frequencies in the first group of frequencies based on energy values of the first group, each of the frequencies of the first subgroup having energy values that are greater than energy values of other frequencies in the first group,
identify a second subgroup of frequencies in the second group of frequencies based on energy values of the second group, each of the frequencies of the second subgroup having energy values that are greater than energy values of other frequencies in the second group, and
generate a vector that assigns a first value to the frequencies in the first subgroup and assigns a second value to the frequencies in the second subgroup;
a scrambler to generate permutations of the vector, the permutations differently arranging instances of the first and second values;
a coder to generate a sequence that indicates an instance of the first value or of the second value within a corresponding permutation of the permutations; and
a fingerprint generator to generate a fingerprint of the audio data based on the sequence, wherein the generation and decoding of the fingerprint is to conserve computing resources.

US Pat. No. 10,714,104

AUDIO ENCODER AND DECODER

Dolby International AB, ...

1. A method for encoding a vector of parameters in an audio encoding system, each parameter corresponding to a non-periodic quantity, the vector having a first element and at least one second element, the method comprising:representing each parameter in the vector by an index value which may take N values;
calculating one or more symbols, the calculating including:
calculating a difference between the index value of the second element and the index value of its preceding element in the vector; and
applying modulo N to the difference;
associating each of the at least one second element with a respective symbol of the one or more symbols; and
encoding each of the at least one second element by entropy coding of the symbol associated with the at least one second element based on a probability table comprising probabilities of the symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,714,103

APPARATUS FOR ENCODING AND DECODING OF INTEGRATED SPEECH AND AUDIO

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An encoding method of an input signal performed by at least one processor, the encoding method comprising:determining a frame of the input signal whether the frame is a speech frame or an audio frame;
encoding the core band of the input signal in a speech encoder based CELP coding scheme when the frame is the speech frame, and
encoding the core band of the input signal in an audio encoder based MDCT coding scheme when the frame is the audio frame; and
generating a bitstream including the encoded core band of the input signal,
wherein the core band is a low frequency band which is not expanded in a frequency band of the input signal,
wherein a high frequency band is generated from the core band based on a frequency band expander in a decoding process, and
wherein the input signal is processed by using information for compensating a change of a frame unit between the speech frame and the audio frame when a switching occurs between the speech frame and the audio frame in a decoding process about the input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,714,102

STEREO ENCODING METHOD AND STEREO ENCODER

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A stereo encoding method, comprising:performing time domain preprocessing on a left channel time domain signal and a right channel time domain signal that are of a current frame of a stereo audio signal to obtain a preprocessed left channel time domain signal and a preprocessed right channel time domain signal that are of the current frame;
performing delay alignment processing on the preprocessed left channel time domain signal and the preprocessed right channel time domain signal to obtain the left channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment and the right channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment, wherein the left channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment and the right channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment that are of the current frame;
determining a channel combination solution of the current frame based on the left channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment and the right channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment that are of the current frame;
obtaining a quantized channel combination ratio factor of the current frame and an encoding index of the quantized channel combination ratio factor based on the channel combination solution of the current frame, the left channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment, and the right channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment;
determining an encoding mode of the current frame based on the channel combination solution of the current frame;
downmixing the left channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment and the right channel time domain signal obtained after delay alignment based on the encoding mode of the current frame and the quantized channel combination ratio factor of the current frame to obtain a primary channel signal and a secondary channel signal of the current frame; and
encoding the primary channel signal and the secondary channel signal of the current frame.

US Pat. No. 10,714,101

TARGET SAMPLE GENERATION

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A device comprising:an encoder configured to:
identify a target channel and a reference channel based on a channel mismatch value;
generate a modified target channel based on the channel mismatch value and the target channel;
determine a temporal correlation value indicative of a temporal correlation between a first signal associated with the reference channel and a second signal associated with the modified target channel;
compare the temporal correlation value to a threshold; and
generate, based on the comparison, missing target samples of a target frame of the modified target channel using a target frame based on the modified target channel, wherein the first signal corresponds to a portion of the reference frame, and wherein the second signal corresponds to a portion of the target frame, and wherein the missing target samples of the target frame of the modified target channel are generated based on random noise filtered from a past set of samples of the modified target channel in response to the determination that the temporal correlation value fails to satisfy the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,714,100

AUDIO SIGNAL DECODING

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus comprising:a receiver configured to receive at least one encoded signal that includes one or more inter-channel bandwidth extension (BWE) parameters; and
a decoder configured to:
generate a mid channel time-domain high-band signal by performing bandwidth extension based on the at least one encoded signal;
generate, based on the mid channel time-domain high-band signal and the one or more inter-channel BWE parameters, a first channel time-domain high-band signal and a second channel time-domain high-band signal, wherein the first channel time-domain high-band signal is generated selectively based on an adjustment spectral shape parameter responsive to whether the one or more inter-channel BWE parameters include the adjustment spectral shape parameter;
generate a target channel signal based at least in part on the first channel time-domain high-band signal; and
generate a reference channel signal based at least in part on the second channel time-domain high-band signal.

US Pat. No. 10,714,099

LAYERED CODING AND DATA STRUCTURE FOR COMPRESSED HIGHER-ORDER AMBISONICS SOUND OR SOUND FIELD REPRESENTATIONS

Dolby International AB, ...

1. A method of decoding a compressed Higher Order Ambisonics (HOA) representation of a sound or sound field, the method comprising:receiving a hit stream containing the compressed HOA representation corresponding to a plurality of hierarchical layers that include a base layer and one or more hierarchical enhancement layers, wherein the plurality of layers have assigned thereto components of a basic compressed sound representation of the sound or sound field, the components being assigned to respective layers in respective groups of components,
determining a highest usable layer among the plurality of layers for decoding;
extracting a HOA extension payload assigned to the highest usable layer, wherein the HOA extension payload includes side information for parametrically enhancing a reconstructed HOA representation corresponding to the highest usable layer, wherein the reconstructed HOA representation corresponding to the highest usable layer is obtainable on the basis of transport signals assigned to the highest usable layer and any layers lower than the highest usable layer;
decoding the compressed HOA representation corresponding to the highest usable layer based on layer information, the transport signals assigned to the highest usable layer and any layers lower than the highest usable layer; and
parametrically enhancing the decoded HOA representation using the side information included in the HOA extension payload assigned to the highest usable layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,098

SELECTIVE FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION FOR SPATIAL AUDIO CODECS

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

1. A method for providing forward error correction data for use when packets are lost in a multi-channel audio signal, the method comprising:buffering blocks of an audio stream into a frame of audio, the audio stream comprising a plurality of audio channels;
applying a transformation to each block of the frame of audio, the transformation compacting the energy of each block into a plurality of transformed channels, the first transformed channel for each block containing the most energy and subsequent transformed channels containing decreasing amounts of energy;
encoding the transformed frame;
transmitting, over a network, the encoded frame in a packet;
encoding the first transformed channel of the transformed frame at a lower bit rate than the encoding used for the transmitted packet; and
transmitting, over the network, the lower bit rate-encoded channel in a packet that is subsequent to the transmitted packet, wherein, when the lower bit rate-encoded channel is used as the forward error correction data to reconstruct a lost packet, the lower bit rate-encoded channel is combined with packet loss concealment versions of the subsequent transformed channels, the packet loss concealment versions being from a packet that is prior to the transmitted packet.

US Pat. No. 10,714,097

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONCEALING FRAME ERROR AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AUDIO DECODING

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A frame error concealment method comprising:when a current frame is classified as an error frame, performing a frequency domain error concealment processing on the current frame to generate spectral coefficients of the current frame;
generating a time domain signal of the current frame based on a time-frequency inverse transform; and
when the current frame is classified as the error frame or a next good frame after the error frame, performing a corresponding time domain error concealment processing on the time domain signal of the current frame by using a mode from among a plurality of modes including at least one mode associated with repetition and smoothing,
wherein the mode from among the plurality of modes is selected according to whether the current frame is stationary.

US Pat. No. 10,714,096

DETERMINING HOTWORD SUITABILITY

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method performed by one or more computing devices:receiving, by the one or more computing devices, speech data that encodes an utterance of a candidate hotword by a user, the candidate hotword comprising a word or phrase;
evaluating, by the one or more computing devices, the speech data or a transcription of the speech data using one or more hotword suitability criteria;
determining, by the one or more computing devices and based on the evaluation, that the candidate hotword satisfies the one or more hotword suitability criteria; and
in response to determining that the candidate hotword satisfies the one or more hotword suitability criteria, accepting the candidate hotword as a hotword for at least one computing device associated with the user and configuring the at least one computing device to enter a state to receive voice commands in response to utterances of the hotword.

US Pat. No. 10,714,095

INTELLIGENT ASSISTANT FOR HOME AUTOMATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

2. The user device of claim 1, wherein the one or more programs comprise further instructions for:before transmitting the plurality of commands, querying each of the plurality of electronic devices to determine a current state of each of the plurality of electronic devices.

US Pat. No. 10,714,094

VOICEPRINT RECOGNITION MODEL CONSTRUCTION

Alibaba Group Holding Lim...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving a first voice input from a user during a first session of the user interacting with a voice recognition system of a service system that implements a particular service with a corresponding security requirement;
obtaining one or more predetermined keywords wherein the one or more predetermined keywords include at least a minimum number of required keywords, the minimum number of required keywords being based on the corresponding security requirement for training a voiceprint recognition model;
searching the first voice input to determine whether the one or more predetermined keywords occur in the first voice input;
determining, from the first voice input, that the user spoke at least one of the one or more predetermined keywords during the first session of the user interacting with the voice recognition system of the service system;
in response to determining that the user spoke at least one of the one or more predetermined keywords during the first session of the user interacting with the voice recognition system of the service system, training the voiceprint recognition model based on one or more voice segments corresponding respectively to the one or more predetermined keywords;
receiving a second voice input from the user during a second session of the user interacting with the voice recognition system of the service system; and
responsive to obtaining, prior to receiving the second voice input, all of the required keywords based on the corresponding security requirement, verifying an identity of the user based on the second voice input received during the second session using the voiceprint recognition model generated from the one or more voice segments from the first session of the user interacting with the voice recognition system of the service system.

US Pat. No. 10,714,093

HOTWORD DETECTION ON MULTIPLE DEVICES

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by a first computing device, from a second computing device that is in a vicinity of the first computing device, data indicating that the second computing device is configured to respond to a particular, predefined hotword;
receiving, by the first computing device, audio data of an utterance that includes a particular, predefined hotword;
based on receiving, from the second computing device that is in the vicinity of the first computing device, the data indicating that the second computing device is configured to respond to the particular, predefined hotword, providing, to a third computing device, data indicating that the first computing device received the particular, predefined hotword, data indicating that the second computing device is in the vicinity of the first computing device, and the data indicating that the second computing device is configured to respond to the particular, predefined hotword; and
based on receiving, from the third computing device, an instruction to perform a command that follows the particular, predefined hotword, performing, by the first computing device, the command.

US Pat. No. 10,714,092

MUSIC DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATION

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A sensor processing unit comprising:a sensor processor configured to communicatively couple with a microphone, said sensor processor configured to:
acquire, from said microphone, an audio sample captured by the microphone from an environment in which said microphone is disposed;
perform music activity detection on said audio sample to detect for music within said audio sample; and
responsive to detection of music within said audio sample, send a music detection signal to an external processor located external to said sensor processing unit, said music detection signal indicating that music has been detected in said environment.

US Pat. No. 10,714,091

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO PRESENT VOICE MESSAGE INFORMATION TO A USER OF A COMPUTING DEVICE

OATH INC., New York, NY ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving first data associated with prior communications for a first user of a computing device, the first data comprising a plurality of person profiles including a person profile for a person referenced in a prior communication between the first user and a caller that creates a voice message for the first user;
receiving, via a computing apparatus, the voice message;
transcribing, via the computing apparatus, the voice message using the first data to provide a transcribed message; and
sending the transcribed message to the computing device for providing to the first user.

US Pat. No. 10,714,089

SPEECH RECOGNITION METHOD AND DEVICE BASED ON A SIMILARITY OF A WORD AND N OTHER SIMILAR WORDS AND SIMILARITY OF THE WORD AND OTHER WORDS IN ITS SENTENCE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A speech recognition method, the method comprising:recognizing a sentence text corresponding to an input speech according to the speech;
recognizing wrong words in the sentence text;
determining substitute words corresponding to the wrong words; and
substituting the wrong words with the substitute words;
wherein the recognizing wrong words in the sentence text comprises:
performing word segmentation treatment on the sentence text to obtain at least one word:
determining first N similar words having a greatest similarity with a selected word in the sentence text according to a preset training corpus, wherein N is a positive integer;
determining a first average similarity between the first N similar words and the selected word:
calculating in sequence similarities between the selected word and other words in the sentence text, and determining a first greatest similarity between the selected word and the other words; and
determining that the selected word is a wrong word, when the first average similarity is smaller than a first threshold and the first greatest similarity is smaller than a second threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,714,088

SPEECH RECOGNITION DEVICE AND METHOD OF IDENTIFYING SPEECH

HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTR...

1. A speech recognition device comprising:a speech acquiring unit configured to acquire speech input;
a speech outputting unit;
a camera unit configured to acquire images; and
a processor configured to:
obtain the speech input acquired by the speech acquiring unit;
obtain the images acquired by the camera unit and chronologically link the obtained speech and the obtained images together;
compare the obtained speech to a speech database to confirm matching speech and a confidence level of the matching speech, wherein the confidence level of the speech represents an accuracy of the matching speech to the obtained speech;
determine whether the confidence level of the matching speech exceeds a predetermined confidence level; and
output the matching speech when the confidence level of the matching speech exceeds the predetermined confidence level.

US Pat. No. 10,714,087

SPEECH CONTROL FOR COMPLEX COMMANDS

Josh.ai LLC, Denver, CO ...

1. A system, comprising:a communication interface configured to receive a user utterance;
a processor coupled to the communication interface and configured to recognize and determine an operational meaning of the received user utterance, at least in part by:
determining that a first subset of the received user utterance is associated with a first recognized input, comprising at least in part:
placing a breakpoint between every word of the received user utterance at least in part to separate sentences between breakpoints; and
removing a given breakpoint when it is at least in part determined that a candidate sentence associated with the given breakpoint is of low score quantified by a quality metric that is decreased for sentences that make less sense;
determining whether a meaning of a remaining portion of the received user utterance other than the first subset is recognized as being associated with a second recognized input; and
based at least in part on a determination that the meaning of the remaining portion of the received user utterance is recognized as being associated with said second recognized input, concluding that the received user utterance comprises a compound input comprising the first and second recognized inputs.

US Pat. No. 10,714,086

GENERATING AND TRANSMITTING INVOCATION REQUEST TO APPROPRIATE THIRD-PARTY AGENT

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method implemented by one or more processors, comprising:receiving an initial voice input provided by a user via a client device;
performing a voice to text conversion to convert the initial voice input to initial text;
determining an intended action based on the initial text;
identifying a mandatory parameter that is stored as mandatory for the intended action;
determining that the initial text lacks specification of any value for the mandatory parameter;
in response to determining that the initial text lacks specification of any value for the mandatory parameter:
generating a natural language prompt based on the mandatory parameter, and
providing the natural language prompt as a reply to the initial voice input, the prompt being provided for presentation to the user via a user interface output device of the client device;
receiving additional voice input provided by the user in response to providing the natural language prompt;
determining a value for the mandatory parameter based on the additional voice input;
selecting a particular third-party agent from a group of third-party agents that can each perform the intended action;
transmitting a third-party invocation request that includes the value for the mandatory parameter, wherein the transmitting is to the particular third-party agent via one or more network interfaces;
receiving responsive content from the particular third-party agent in response to transmitting the intended action and the value, the receiving being via one or more of the network interfaces;
providing output that is based on the responsive content for presentation to the user;
receiving further voice input provided by the user in response to providing the output;
performing an additional voice to text conversion to convert the further voice input to further text;
transmitting the further text to the particular third-party agent;
in response to transmitting the further text to the particular third-party agent:
receiving further responsive content from the particular third-party agent, and
providing further output that is based on the further responsive content for presentation to the user;
receiving yet further voice input provided by the user in response to the further output;
determining that the yet further voice input indicates a desire to interact with another third-party agent; and
in response to determining that the yet further voice input indicates a desire to interact with another third-party agent:
transmitting, to an alternative third-party agent of the group of third party agents, an additional third-party invocation request that includes the value for the mandatory parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,714,085

TEMPORARY ACCOUNT ASSOCIATION WITH VOICE-ENABLED DEVICES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A system comprising:one or more processors; and
computer-readable media storing computer-executable instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
receiving a first indication that a temporary association between a first account identifier of a user account and a device identifier of a voice-enabled device associated with an environment is established;
determining that a dissociation event associated with the voice-enabled device has occurred, the dissociation event representing at least a lapsing of a period of time identified for maintaining the temporary association;
dissociating the first account identifier from the device identifier based at least in part on determining that the dissociation event has occurred; and
associating a second account identifier corresponding to a default account with the device identifier, wherein the default account is associated with a system associated with the environment.

US Pat. No. 10,714,084

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE BASED SERVICE IMPLEMENTATION

ACCENTURE GLOBAL SOLUTION...

1. A system comprising:a voice call analyzer, executed by at least one hardware processor, to
receive a voice call,
analyze the voice call to generate voice data,
convert the voice data to text data,
analyze the text data to identify keywords in the text data, and
identify, based on an analysis of the identified keywords, a user of a plurality of users;
a digital converter, executed by the at least one hardware processor, to
ascertain a user assistance flow of a plurality of user assistance flows that corresponds to a determined intent of the identified user, and
cause the voice call to be transferred to a digital assistant that is executed by the at least one hardware processor,
wherein the digital assistant is to provide artificial intelligence based assistance to the identified user based on the user assistance flow that corresponds to the determined intent; and
a user profile generator, executed by the at least one hardware processor, to
ascertain a plurality of attributes for the plurality of users,
generate, based on an analysis of the plurality of attributes for the plurality of users, scores for the plurality of user assistance flows for each of the plurality of users, wherein each of the scores is determined by rating each of the attributes on a specified scale that includes a plurality of rating levels and determining, based on the rating of each of the attributes, an overall rating for an associated user assistance flow, and wherein at least one attribute of the plurality of attributes is assigned a different weight compared to another attribute of the plurality of attributes for generation of the scores; and
determine an intent for each of the plurality of users by identifying, for each of the plurality of users, a user assistance flow of the plurality of user assistance flows that corresponds to a highest score of the plurality of generated scores.

US Pat. No. 10,714,083

VOICE COMMANDS ACROSS DEVICES

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method, the method comprising:receiving first voice input data from a first computing device associated with a user account, the first voice input data comprising a first voice command captured at the first computing device;
receiving second voice input data from a second computing device associated with the user account, the second voice input data comprising a second voice command captured at the second computing device;
determining an intended voice command based on the obtained first and second voice input data;
determining a first target computing device based on the intended voice command; and
providing first instructions associated with the intended voice command to the first target computing device for execution,
wherein determining the first target computing device is further based on a first comparison of commands available to the user on the first computing device and the intended voice command and a second comparison of commands available to the user on the second computing device and the intended voice command.

US Pat. No. 10,714,082

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:an identifying portion that identifies a word uttered according to a predetermined utterance method, from within utterance information of a user, as an unknown word;
an image generating portion that generates an image that indicates whether an utterance by the user corresponds to the predetermined utterance method; and
a processing portion that performs processing to register the unknown word that has been identified,
wherein the image includes a threshold value image that displays a threshold value indicating to the user that the uttered word is identified as the unknown word when the predetermined utterance method is satisfied, and
wherein the identifying portion, the image generating portion, and the processing portion are each implemented via at least one processor.

US Pat. No. 10,714,081

DYNAMIC VOICE ASSISTANT INTERACTION

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method comprising:receiving, by one or more computer processors coupled to at least one memory, first voice data comprising a user utterance;
converting the first voice data to first text data, wherein the first text data comprises a textual representation of the user utterance;
determining a first keyword in the first text data;
identifying a user request using the first keyword;
determining a first follow-up inquiry associated with the user request;
presenting a first audible response to the user request, wherein the first audible response comprises the first follow-up inquiry;
receiving second voice data in response to the first audible response;
converting the second voice data to second text data;
determining that the second text data does not include a keyword;
sending a first bid request to an ad server, wherein the first bid request comprises a request for bids for audio content to be presented in response to the second voice data;
receiving a bid from the ad server, wherein the bid comprises a bid amount, text of candidate audio content, and a content category identifier;
determining that the candidate audio content meets a relevance threshold using the content category identifier;
determining that the bid is a winning bid;
converting the text of the candidate audio content to audio data;
presenting a second audible response comprising the audio data, wherein the audio data represents a second follow-up inquiry;
receiving third voice data comprising an answer to the second follow-up inquiry;
determining a user interest level using the answer, wherein the user interest level increases responsive to an affirmative answer and decreases responsive to a negative answer; and
sending a second bid request based at least in part on the user interest level; and
presenting a third audible response indicating that an audio advertisement is forthcoming.

US Pat. No. 10,714,080

WFST DECODING SYSTEM, SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR STORING WFST DATA

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A weighted finite-state transducer (WFST) decoding system, comprising:a memory configured to store WFST data; and
a WFST decoder circuit comprising a data fetch logic,
wherein the WFST data has a structure including one or more states, and one or more arcs connecting the one or more states with directivity,
the WFST data is compressed in the memory, and includes body data and header data,
the header data includes an arc index of the one or more arcs, a number of the one or more arcs, and compression information of the one or more arcs, the header data being aligned per state and stored in the memory discontinuously,
the body data includes, for each of the one or more arcs, one or more elements, the body data being continuously stored in the memory,
the compression information comprises one or more bits corresponding respectively to the one or more elements, each bit indicating for a respective element whether or not the respective element is compressed, and
the data fetch logic is configured to de-compress the WFST data using the compression information, and retrieve the WFST data from the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,714,079

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING CONVERSATIONAL STATEMENTS AND PROVIDING FEEDBACK IN REAL-TIME

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

2. A method for analyzing conversational statements and providing feedback in real-time, the method comprising:receiving, by a natural-language electronic processing device, audio stream data including a natural-language statement recorded by a communication device;
converting, by a natural-language electronic processing device, the natural-language statement into a logical analysis format representation;
performing, by a natural-language electronic processing device, an automatic logical analysis on the logical analysis format representation of the natural-language statement to identify one or more candidate output resolutions and identify supplemental data that can confirm the one or more candidate output resolutions,
wherein each candidate output resolution of the one or more candidate output resolutions relates to an assessment of a factual accuracy of the natural-language statement;
accessing, by a natural-language electronic processing device, the identified supplemental data and evaluating the one or more candidate output resolutions based at least in part on the supplemental data;
eliminating at least one of the one or more candidate output resolutions based at least in part on the supplemental data;
identifying a plurality of candidate output resolutions that are not eliminated after evaluating the one or more possible output resolutions based at least in part on the supplemental data;
generating a formula identifying a criteria that will differentiate between the plurality of candidate output resolutions that are not eliminated;
generating, by a natural-language electronic processing device, a feedback message to be output by the communication device, the feedback message being indicative of the evaluation of the one or more candidate output resolutions, by converting the generated formula into a natural-language feedback message;
transmitting the natural-language feedback message as a recommended follow-up question to be displayed on the communication device;
monitoring the received audio stream data for a second natural-language statement responding to the natural-language feedback message; and
further evaluating the plurality of candidate output resolutions based on the second natural-language statement.

US Pat. No. 10,714,078

LINEAR TRANSFORMATION FOR SPEECH RECOGNITION MODELING

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by one or more computers, audio data corresponding to an utterance;
generating, by the one or more computers, frequency domain data using the audio data;
processing, by the one or more computers, the frequency domain data using a linear transformation, the linear transformation comprising a complex linear projection;
providing, by the one or more computers, the processed frequency domain data to a neural network of a speech recognition model; and
generating, by the one or more computers, a transcription for the utterance that is determined based at least on output that the neural network provides in response to receiving the processed frequency domain data.

US Pat. No. 10,714,077

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF ACOUSTIC SCORE CALCULATION AND SPEECH RECOGNITION USING DEEP NEURAL NETWORKS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An apparatus for recognizing an audio signal, the apparatus comprising:a processor configured to:
sequentially extract audio frames of the audio signal into respective plural windows of information without overlapping of same audio frames in successive windows of information over time;
include non-zero padding frames in a window of information, of the plural windows of information, so that the window of information overlaps in time with one or more frames of an other window of information, of the plural windows of information, adjacent to the window of information;
calculate first acoustic scores of each frame of the window of information, of the plural windows of information, using a deep neural network (DNN)-based acoustic model, by inputting the window of information, to which the non-zero padding frames are included, to input layers of the DNN-based acoustic model;
recalculate second acoustic scores of the overlapping frames of the window of information based on pre-calculated acoustic scores of non-zero padding frames of the other window of information to update the first acoustic scores using the second acoustic scores with respect to the overlapping frames; and
recognize the audio signal based on the first acoustic scores of the window of information and the second acoustic scores of the overlapping frames of the window of information.

US Pat. No. 10,714,076

INITIALIZATION OF CTC SPEECH RECOGNITION WITH STANDARD HMM

Sony Interactive Entertai...

1. A method for improved initialization of speech recognition systems, the method comprising;a) mapping a central state of each frame in a trained Hidden Markov Model (HMM) to Connectionist Temporal Classification (CTC) labeled nodes and mapping one or more non-central states of each frame to CTC-blank nodes to generate a CTC-labeled HMM, wherein each central state represents a phoneme, wherein mapping consists of either generation of a new node network model with identical connections and transition weights as a previous model but new labels or relabeling an existing node network model with new labels;
b) training the CTC-labeled HMM using a cost function wherein the cost function is not part of a CTC cost function;
c) training the CTC-labeled HMM using a CTC cost function to produce a CTC node Deep Learning Neural network; and
d) generating new frame and label information from the CTC-node network.

US Pat. No. 10,714,075

LANGUAGE MODEL BIASING MODULATION

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by an automated speech recognizer (ASR) that is configured to use a language model that has previously been biased for use in transcribing utterances, audio data corresponding to an utterance;
determining that, when the audio data was received, a particular context that is associated with biasing the language model was still applicable;
in response to determining that the particular context that is associated with biasing the language mode was still applicable when the audio data was received, generating, by the ASR, a transcription of the utterance using the language model that has previously been biased for use in transcribing utterances; and
providing a representation of the transcription for output.

US Pat. No. 10,714,073

WIND NOISE SUPPRESSION FOR ACTIVE NOISE CANCELLING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

SYNAPTICS INCORPORATED, ...

1. An active noise cancellation system comprising:a reference sensor configured to generate a reference signal from external noise;
an error sensor configured to generate an error signal from sound sensed in a noise cancellation zone;
a feedforward noise cancellation subsystem configured to generate a first anti-noise signal using the reference signal and the error signal;
a feedback noise cancellation subsystem configured to generate a second anti-noise signal using the error signal;
a wind detection module configured to determine whether wind noise is present in the reference signal, and output a wind noise detection status; and
a wind handler module configured to control the feedforward noise cancellation subsystem and the feedback noise cancellation subsystem in accordance with the wind noise detection status and to generate an output anti-noise signal using the first anti-noise signal and the second anti-noise signal;
wherein the wind handler module is configured to disable adaptive feedback noise cancellation if wind noise is not present.

US Pat. No. 10,714,072

ON-DEMAND ADAPTIVE ACTIVE NOISE CANCELLATION

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An integrated circuit for implementing at least a portion of a personal audio device, comprising:an output for providing a signal to a transducer including both a source audio signal for playback to a listener and an anti-noise signal for countering the effects of ambient audio sounds in an acoustic output of the transducer;
a user trigger input for receiving a user trigger signal indicating a user desire to update characteristics of an adaptive filter;
an error microphone input for receiving an error microphone signal indicative of the output of the transducer and the ambient audio sounds at the transducer; and
a processing circuit configured to:
implement the adaptive filter having a response that generates the anti-noise signal to reduce the presence of the ambient audio sounds in the error microphone signal;
responsive to receiving the user trigger signal, determine if undesirable ambient conditions exist such that updating characteristics of the adaptive filter in the presence of the undesirable ambient conditions would lead to the anti-noise signal having undesirable characteristics;
responsive to determining a presence of undesirable ambient conditions such that updating characteristics of the adaptive filter in the presence of the undesirable ambient conditions would lead to the anti-noise signal having undesirable characteristics, prevent updating characteristics of the adaptive filter; and
responsive to determining an absence of the undesirable ambient conditions, update characteristics of the adaptive filter.

US Pat. No. 10,714,071

ACTIVE NOISE REDUCTION DEVICE

SOUNDCHIP SA, Aran-Ville...

1. An Active Noise Reduction (ANR) device comprising:a plurality of inputs;
a plurality of signal processing resources comprising:
at least one analogue signal processing resource; and
a plurality of digital signal processing resources;
an output for driving an earphone driver;
a programmable switch arrangement provided downstream of the plurality of inputs and upstream of the plurality of signal processing resources, the programmable switch arrangement being capable of assigning each of the plurality of inputs to each of the plurality of signal processing resources; and
a controller for programming the programmable switch arrangement in order to assign each of at least a subset of the plurality of inputs to a different one of the signal processing resources;
wherein the ANR device is dynamically configurable to vary which of the signal processing resources are selected to contribute to the output by dynamically configuring the programmable switch arrangement between at least first and second modes of operation to vary assignment of the signal processing resources to the plurality of inputs;
wherein the ANR device is configured such that:
in the first mode of operation one or more of the at least one analogue signal processing resource is selected to contribute to the output and one or more of the plurality of digital signal processing resources are selected not to contribute to the output, whereby a subset of the plurality of the inputs are assigned to the selected one or more of the at least one analogue signal processing resource; and
in the second mode of operation one or more of the plurality of digital signal processing resources are selected to contribute to the output and one or more of the at least one analogue signal processing resources are selected not to contribute to the output, whereby a subset of the plurality of inputs are assigned to the selected one or more of the plurality of digital signal processing resources.

US Pat. No. 10,714,070

SOUND ISOLATION DEVICE

1. A sound isolation device comprising at least one acoustic scatterer, wherein the at least one acoustic scatterer includes:an acoustic monopole response and an acoustic dipole response, wherein the acoustic dipole response and the acoustic monopole response of the acoustic scatterer have substantially similar resonant frequencies;
a first resonant chamber defined by a housing;
a first channel extending from a first opening defined within the housing to the first resonant chamber;
a second resonant chamber defined by the housing;
a second channel extending from a second opening defined within the housing to the second resonant chamber; and
wherein the first opening is substantially diametrically opposed to the second opening.