US Pat. No. 10,461,691

SOLAR TESTING DEVICE

PASAN SA, Neuchatel (CH)...

1. A solar testing device for testing a solar cell or a solar module comprising:a test area for at least one solar cell or solar module to be tested,
a light emitting area, arranged opposite to the test area, comprising:
an array of LED-modules arranged with a pitch (P) to each other, and
sidewall mirrors, extending in a direction from the light emitting area to the test area, the reflecting surface of said sidewall mirrors being inclined at an obtuse angle relative to a planar surface of the light emitting area,
wherein a ratio between the distance (H) between the light emitting area and the test area and the pitch (P) of the LED-modules lies in a range of 1.5 to 3.5.

US Pat. No. 10,461,690

DEFECT INSPECTION METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SOLAR CELL

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A defect inspection method for a solar cell, applicable to a defect inspection system having a measuring device, a processing device, and an output device, wherein the processing device is connected to the measuring device and the output device, and wherein the method comprises:measuring a plurality of output voltages and a plurality of output currents of the solar cell by the measuring device;
generating a stepwise current-voltage curve (stepwise IV curve) and a fitted current-voltage curve (fitted IV curve) by the processing device according to the output voltages and the output currents, wherein the stepwise IV curve comprises a plurality of steps, wherein the fitted IV curve corresponds to an ideal current-voltage curve when the solar cell has no defect;
determining whether a first error of the fitted IV curve is less than a first error tolerance by the processing device;
when the first error is not less than the first error tolerance, determining whether there exists at least one surge in each of the steps of the stepwise IV curve by the processing device so as to accordingly determine whether the solar cell has a defect; and
outputting a determined result of the processing device by the output device.

US Pat. No. 10,461,682

HEIGHT ADJUSTABLE SOLAR PANEL MOUNTING ASSEMBLY

Unirac Inc., Albuquerque...

1. A solar panel mounting assembly, comprising:a mounting bracket including an upper bracket and a lower bracket, the lower bracket including a first slot and a second slot;
a stanchion including a first vertical arm opposite a second vertical arm, the first vertical arm and the second vertical arm each including teeth protruding from respective inside surfaces thereof, respective outside surfaces thereof being smooth and planar, and the teeth of the first vertical arm facing the teeth of the second vertical arm to define an open central region between the first vertical arm and the second vertical arm; and
a helical drive element disposed inside of the open central region between the first vertical arm and the second vertical arm,
wherein:
the upper and lower brackets are coupled to the helical drive element wherein the mounting bracket is vertically adjustable by rotating the freestanding helical drive element,
the first vertical arm is received by the first slot such that the first vertical arm passes through the first slot when the mounting bracket is vertically adjusted, and
the second vertical arm is received by the second slot such that the second vertical arm passes through the second slot when the mounting bracket is vertically adjusted.

US Pat. No. 10,461,677

VEHICLE-POWER-GENERATOR CONTROL APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A vehicle-power-generator control apparatus that controls a vehicle power generator mounted in a vehicle, based on a command from a controller provided in the vehicle, the vehicle-power-generator control apparatus comprising:a receiver that receives a command signal obtained by encoding the command from the controller;
a decoder that decodes the command signal received by the receiver and then outputs a control voltage based on the command from the controller;
a first comparator that compares the control voltage with an output voltage based on a power-generation voltage that is generated across an armature winding by the vehicle power generator;
a magnetic-field driver that controls the power-generation voltage by controlling a magnetic-field current flowing in a magnetic-field winding of the vehicle power generator, based on an output signal of the first comparator;
a rotation speed detector that detects a rotation speed of the vehicle power generator, based on the power-generation voltage generated across the armature winding of the vehicle power generator;
a non-rotation determiner that determines that the vehicle power generator is not rotating and generates a non-rotation determination signal, when the rotation speed detected by the rotation speed detector is the same as or lower than a predetermined value;
a power-generation stop command determiner whose output signal changes a level thereof depending on whether or not the command signal decoded by the decoder is a power-generation stop command signal for stopping electric-power generation;
a second comparator that generates an output signal, based on comparison between the control voltage and the output voltage based on the power-generation voltage generated by the vehicle power generator;
a logic device that generates a power-generation stop signal indicating that the electric-power generation has stopped, based on the output signal of the power-generation stop command determiner and the output signal of the second comparator;
a delay device to which the power-generation stop signal generated by the logic device is inputted and that generates a power-generation stop holding signal obtained by delaying by a predetermined time ache terminating time point of the inputted power-generation stop signal; and
a mask processor that invalidates the non-rotation determination signal generated by the non-rotation determiner, based on the power-generation stop holding signal generated by the delay device.

US Pat. No. 10,461,673

SINGLE PHASE MOTOR DRIVE CIRCUIT AND A METHOD OF DRIVING A SINGLE PHASE MOTOR

Melexis Bulgaria Ltd., S...

1. A single phase motor drive circuit for driving a single phase motor, the single phase motor drive circuit comprising:a timer unit adapted for receiving a sensor signal indicative of an angular position of a rotor of the single phase motor, and for providing at least one timing signal in phase with the sensor signal;
a waveform generator for generating at least one waveform for energizing the single phase motor, the waveform generator being adapted for receiving the at least one timing signal and for receiving at least one configurable setting, and being adapted for generating the at least one waveform based on the at least one timing signal and based on the at least one configurable setting, the at least one configurable setting consisting of one or more ON-time settings corresponding to time when the waveform is to be non-zero or OFF-time settings corresponding to time when the waveform is to be zero (Noff, Noff_begin, Noff_end); a phase period comprising at most two ON-time settings;
a configuration unit adapted for receiving a first input signal indicative of a desired speed (Vrel) of the single phase motor and for receiving at least one of a second input signal indicative of a supply voltage (Vbat) and a third input signal indicative of a temperature of the single phase motor drive circuit (Temp), the configuration unit being adapted for providing the at least one configurable setting as a function of the first input signal (Vrel) and at least one of the second input signal (Vbat) and the third input signal (temp) to the waveform generator to dynamically configure the waveform generator as a function of the desired speed (Vrel) and at least one of the supply voltage (Vbat) and the temperature of the single phase motor drive circuit;
wherein the motor drive circuit is adapted for applying the waveform to the single phase motor as a baseband signal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,668

SYSTEMS FOR PROTECTING AND MONITORING POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICES

1. A system for protecting a power electronic device, the system comprising:a power electronic device comprising:
a piezoelectric substrate;
a metal substrate coupled to the piezoelectric substrate;
a semiconductor device; and
a bonding layer positioned between the metal substrate and the semiconductor device such that the metal substrate is bonded to the semiconductor device; and
a controller comprising:
a power supply;
one or more processors; and
one or more memory modules storing computer readable and executable instructions which, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the controller to:
receive a temperature of the power electronic device; and
provide a voltage determined based on the temperature of the power electronic device across the piezoelectric substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,461,665

SWITCH DEVICE FOR AN ELECTRIC MOTOR, CONTROL DEVICE AND STEERING SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A switch device for an electric motor, comprising:at least one half-bridge having two semiconductor switches configured to energize at least one phase of the electric motor on demand; and
a driver device assigned to the two semiconductor switches and configured to actuate the two semiconductor switches in accordance with an activation signal, the driver device including:
an oscillator configured to generate an operating clock frequency,
an apparatus configured to receive a synchronization signal, and
an adjustment device configured to adjust the operating clock frequency in accordance with the synchronization signal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,663

METHOD FOR DISCHARGING AN ELECTRIC ENERGY STORAGE UNIT

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for discharging an electrical energy storage device, which is connected to an electronic circuit, by way of a first electrical conductor and a second electrical conductor, the method comprising:providing a thyristor for discharging the energy storage device;
when a fault occurs in the electronic circuit, a discharge current of the energy storage device begins to flow from the energy storage device via the first electrical conductor to the electronic circuit and via the second electrical conductor back to the energy storage device;
generating with the discharge current a temporally varying magnetic field around the first electrical conductor and around the second electrical conductor and causing the magnetic field to pass through a semiconductor material of the thyristor;
inducing a current in the semiconductor material of the thyristor with the temporally varying magnetic field; and
switching the thyristor on by the current induced therein.

US Pat. No. 10,461,657

POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS

KEIHIN CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A power conversion apparatus comprising:a first cooler configured to cool a power module;
a second cooler configured to cool at least one first electronic component provided therein;
a housing configured to house the first cooler and the second cooler, the housing comprising a main body, a compartment plate which divides the main body to define a first room housing at least one second electronic component and a second room in which the second cooler is provided, and a coolant jacket which has the first cooler therein and is mounted on the main body so as to cover an open end of the first room; and
a connecting coolant passage entirely defined within an inner wall of the main body, the connecting coolant passage being directly connected to each of the first cooler and the second cooler so as to connect the first cooler to the second cooler,
wherein the first room and the second room are interposed between the first cooler and the second cooler.

US Pat. No. 10,461,637

DC-DC CONVERTER

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A DC-DC converter that boosts a DC input voltage to obtain a DC output voltage, the DC-DC converter comprising:a switching circuit of which both terminals are connected to an output unit that outputs the DC output voltage and in which four switching elements are connected in series in an order of a first switching element, a second switching element, a third switching element, and a fourth switching element;
a flying capacitor that is connected between a connection portion between the first switching element and the second switching element and a connection portion between the third switching element and the fourth switching element;
a reactor that is connected between a connection portion between the second switching element and the third switching element and a positive electrode of an input unit to which the DC input voltage is input; and
a control circuit that determines a period of a first mode according to a predetermined timing and current peak value, and turns on or turns off each switching element in the switching circuit at the predetermined timing,
wherein the control circuit turns on or turns off each of the switching elements based on the period of the first mode so that a maximum value in a reactor current flowing through the reactor becomes equal to or smaller than a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,461,634

CHARGE PUMP CIRCUIT FOR PROVIDING VOLTAGES TO MULTIPLE SWITCH CIRCUITS

FAIRCHILD SEMICONDUCTOR C...

1. An electrical circuit comprising:a charge pump circuit that generates a charge pump voltage;
a bias circuit that receives the charge pump voltage at a first node, generates a reference current, and generates a plurality of switch currents from the reference current, the plurality of switch currents including a first switch current and a second switch current;
a first switch circuit receiving the first switch current, the first switch current flowing into the first switch circuit, and the first switch circuit including a first transistor, the first transistor having a gate and a source that receive a first gate-source voltage that is generated from the first switch current in the plurality of switch currents;
a first impedance element and a first capacitor, the first switch current flowing through the first impedance element to generate the first gate-source voltage, the first impedance element and the first capacitor being coupled to each other in parallel; and
a second switch circuit receiving the second switch current, the second switch current flowing into the second switch circuit, and the second switch circuit including a second transistor, the second transistor having a gate and a source that receive a second gate-source voltage that is generated from the second switch current in the plurality of switch currents.

US Pat. No. 10,461,624

POWER SWITCH CONTROL CIRCUIT AND OPEN DETECTION METHOD THEREOF

RICHTEK TECHNOLOGY CORPOR...

1. A power switch control circuit, configured to operably generate an operation signal at an operation signal output pin therein according to an input signal, so as to control a power switch, the power switch control circuit comprising:a current injection circuit, which is connected to the operation signal output pin, and is configured to operably provide a predetermined current to the operation signal output pin according to an enable signal;
an open detection circuit, which is coupled to the current injection circuit, and is configured to operably determine whether a connection between the operation signal output pin and the power switch is open according to a level of the operation signal output pin at a detection time point or during a detection time period, or a level variation of the operation signal output pin during a detection time period, and to generate an open detection signal accordingly; and
an inrush current protection circuit, which is coupled to the operation signal output pin, and is configured to operably clamp a level of the operation signal output pin when the predetermined current is provided to the operation signal output pin, such that the level does not exceed an upper limit;
wherein the input signal is transmitted to the operation signal output pin through a driver circuit which includes a half-bridge circuit, wherein the half-bridge circuit includes:
an upper switch and a lower switch connected at a common node;
an upper buffer, which is configured to operably control the upper switch according to the input signal; and
a lower buffer, which is configured to operably control the lower switch according to the input signal, wherein the upper switch and the lower switch are transistors with opposite conductive types, or are transistors with a same conductive type wherein one and only one of the upper buffer and the lower buffer is an inverter buffer;
wherein the inrush current protection circuit includes:
the lower switch; and
a switch, which is electrically connected between a gate and a current inflow terminal of the lower switch, and is controlled by the enable signal;
wherein when the enable signal is at an enable state, the lower switch forms a diode clamper circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,622

POWER GENERATOR WITH DC MOTOR AND AC GENERATOR COUPLED WITH SPROCKETS

1. A power generator comprising:a battery;
a motor powered by the battery and comprising a first rotating shaft, a first sprocket coupled to a first end of the first rotating shaft, a first gear coupled to a second end of the first rotating shaft, and a first bearing, wherein the second end of the first rotating shaft is rotatably disposed within the first bearing;
a first fan coupled to the first rotating shaft in between the motor and the first sprocket and configured to cool the motor;
an electrical generator comprising a second rotating shaft rotatably disposed within a second bearing and a third bearing, and a second sprocket coupled to the second rotating shaft, wherein the first sprocket and the second sprocket interlock such that the first rotating shaft rotates the second rotating shaft;
a second fan coupled to the second rotating shaft in between the second sprocket and the third bearing and configured to cool the electrical generator;
a kinetic mass secured to a third rotating shaft, wherein the third rotating shaft is rotatably disposed within a fourth bearing and a fifth bearing, the third rotating shaft comprising a second gear interlocked with the first gear such that a rotation of the kinetic mass rotates the third rotating shaft, which in turn aids with the rotation of the first rotating shaft;
a voltage regulator electrically connected in between the electrical generator and the battery; and
a power inverter electrically connected to the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,461,620

X-Y STAGE WITH ROTATION

Kim Rubin, Menlo Park, C...

1. An X-Y stage comprising:a base comprising:
a base surface;
a plurality of base magnets arranged in a checkerboard pattern, proximal to the base surface, of alternating north and south magnetic poles;
a puck comprising:
a puck surface;
at least four controllable first electromagnetic nodes;
wherein each of the controllable first electromagnetic nodes is adapted to receive an each node drive signal and generate responsively an each magnetic field;
wherein the puck and base are adapted such that the puck surface moves proximal to and parallel to the base surface responsive to the node drive signals, due to magnetic attraction or repulsion between the base magnets and the controllable first electromagnetic nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,461,618

PMDC MOTOR HAVING A STRUCTURE FOR PRODUCING LOW NOISE

Johnson Electric Internat...

1. A permanent magnet direct current motor comprising:stator comprising: a housing, a stator magnet disposed in an interior of the housing, and an end cap assembly,
a rotor comprising: a shaft, a rotor core mounted on the shaft and disposed within the stator magnet, rotor windings wound around the rotor core, a commutator fixed on the shaft, a plurality of commutator segments disposed on an outer surface of the commutator,
wherein the end cap assembly comprises: a plastic end cap fitted to one end of the housing, a cover disposed on an outer side of the end cap, and brushes mounted to the end cap, and
a ratio of an outer diameter of the rotor core to the outer diameter of the housing is from 0.60 to 0.659, inclusive,
an outer diameter of the rotor core is 15.9 mm, the stator magnet has a radial thickness of 3.2 mm, and the outer diameter of the housing is 24.6 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,461,615

ROTOR FOR A SLIP RING MOTOR AND SLIP RING MOTOR

LINDE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,...

1. A rotor for a slip ring motor, comprisinga hollow shaft having an open end,
a plurality of electric cables, and
a cable guide arranged in the open end guiding the electric cables from inside the hollow shaft towards connection points of the electric cables outside the hollow shaft,
wherein the cable guide comprises
a ring member and a funnel member connected to said ring member, the ring member including recesses and the funnel member including an inside surface, and
a fixing member releasably fixing the electric cables to the ring member, wherein the fixing member is bolted to the ring member.

US Pat. No. 10,461,606

LINEAR ELECTRIC ACTUATOR FOR STEERING SYSTEMS

OGNIBENE POWER S.P.A., R...

1. A linear electrical actuator (10) for steering systems comprising:a casing (20),
an electric motor (50), housed in the casing (20), which is provided with a stator (55) and a hollow rotor (60) internally concentric to the stator (55),
a holder nut (80) internally fixed to the rotor (60), and
a stem (85) having a thread (90) coupled to the holder nut (80), the stem (85) comprising a first portion (105) provided with a surface treatment, which projects outside the casing (20), and a second portion (120) without said surface treatment, which is contained inside the casing (20) and in which said thread (90) is obtained.

US Pat. No. 10,461,595

ROTOR ASSEMBLY AND COOLING ARRANGEMENT FOR AN ELECTRIC MACHINE

GE Aviation Systems LLC, ...

1. A rotor assembly for an electric machine comprising:a rotor core having a rotatable shaft having hollow interior defining a coolant conduit and at least one post defining a winding pole;
a winding wound around the pole, and having axial segments that extend axially along the pole and end turn segments that extend axially beyond ends of the post;
a coolant manifold supported by the shaft and sealed from the winding but fluidly coupled to the coolant conduit wherein coolant can move between the coolant manifold and the coolant conduit, the coolant manifold having a thermally conductive face radially underlying at least a portion of the end turn segment and in thermal contact with the portion of an end turn segment, wherein heat from the end turn segment is transferred by conduction through the thermally conductive face of the coolant manifold to coolant in the coolant manifold; and
at least one coolant tube in fluid communication with the coolant manifold and extending axially along the post, wherein the coolant tube comprises a first thermally conductive face radially underlying, in thermal contact with, and at least partially supporting, an axial segment of a first winding and a second thermally conductive face radially underlying, in thermal contact with, and at least partially supporting, an axial segment of a second winding.

US Pat. No. 10,461,578

OPTIMIZING THE DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for optimizing the distribution of electrical energy in an electrical power grid comprising autonomous grid regions, comprising the following method steps:receiving input data by at least two dispatcher entities, wherein the input data represent energy intervals requested by the autonomous grid regions, and wherein the system does not include an individual central management node including a calculating device for calculating a solution of the distribution of electrical energy among all the autonomous grid regions based on the input data;
calculating at least one solution of the distribution of electrical energy among all the autonomous grid regions based on the input data, wherein calculating is performed by each of the at least two dispatcher entities;
selecting one of the calculated solutions for the distribution of electrical energy in the power grid;
implementing, by each of the at least two dispatcher entities, the selected calculated solution and distributing electrical energy among all the autonomous grid regions in the power grid based upon the selected calculated solution.

US Pat. No. 10,461,576

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS

TOSHIBA MITSUBISHI-ELECTR...

1. An uninterruptible power supply apparatus comprising:a converter configured to convert AC power supplied from a commercial AC power source into DC power;
an inverter configured to convert DC power into AC power and supply the AC power to a load; and
a control device configured to control the converter and the inverter,
during a normal time when the AC power is supplied from the commercial AC power source, the DC power generated in the converter being supplied to the inverter and stored in a power storage device, and during a power failure time when supply of the AC power from the commercial AC power source is stopped, the DC power in the power storage device being supplied to the inverter,the control device being configured to execute a mode selected from a first mode and a second mode, in the first mode, a first AC voltage with a sinusoidal waveform and with no waveform distortion being supplied to the load, and in the second mode, a second AC voltage with a waveform distortion within an allowable range for the load being supplied to the load,the control device being configured to:
when the first mode is selected during the normal time, control the converter to output a first DC voltage and control the inverter to output the first AC voltage with a sinusoidal waveform and with an amplitude smaller than one-half of the first DC voltage; and
when the second mode is selected during the normal time, control the converter to output a second DC voltage smaller than the first DC voltage and control the inverter to output the second AC voltage with a sinusoidal waveform and with an amplitude larger than one-half of the second DC voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,461,575

MULTISTATE PWM COMMAND FOR 3 LEVELS INVERTERS

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC IT COR...

1. An Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) system comprising:an input configured to be coupled to an AC source and to receive input AC power from the AC source;
an output configured to provide output AC power to a load, the output AC power having a positive average output voltage level during a positive half-period of a line cycle and a negative average output voltage level during a negative half-period of the line cycle;
a converter coupled to the input and configured to convert the input AC power into DC power;
a plurality of DC busses coupled to the converter and configured to receive the DC power from the converter;
an inverter coupled to the plurality of DC busses, the inverter having a common point configured to receive the DC power from the plurality of DC busses and a filter coupled between the common point and the output, and the inverter configured to convert the DC power from the plurality of DC busses into the output AC power and provide the output AC power to the output; and
a controller configured to operate the inverter, during the positive half-period of the line cycle, by alternating between a first mode of operation to provide a positive voltage to the common point, a second mode of operation to provide a neutral voltage to the common point, and a third mode of operation to provide a negative voltage to the common point to generate the positive average output voltage level of the output AC power provided to the output.

US Pat. No. 10,461,574

TRANSFER SWITCH WITH MONITOR ON LOAD SIDE

Kohler Co., Kohler, WI (...

1. A system comprising:a first input port for receiving alternating current from a first power source;
a second input port for receiving alternating current from a second power source; and
a switch configured to switch an output port between the first input port and the first power source and the second input port and the second power source, the switch comprising a measurement circuit electrically connected to the output port and a home electrical panel, wherein the measurement circuit is configured to generate a load measurement signal for the output port, wherein the load measurement signal includes at least one sample corresponding to a total home consumption value for a status message.

US Pat. No. 10,461,569

POWER PATH INFORMATION GENERATION DEVICE, METHOD FOR GENERATING POWER PATH INFORMATION, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A system comprising:circuitry configured to
acquire information indicating a variation in voltage corresponding to each of a plurality of nodes connected to a direct-current (DC) line; and
identify a topology of the plurality of nodes connected to the DC line based on the acquired information indicating the variation in voltage corresponding to each of the plurality of nodes,
wherein each of the plurality of nodes comprises a bidirectional DC-to-DC converter configured to be coupled to the DC line, and each of the plurality of nodes comprises a battery capable of supplying power via the DC line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,567

FEED SYSTEM, FEED UNIT, AND ELECTRONIC UNIT

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A power transmitter, comprising:a power transmitting unit configured to detect a power receiving unit to be charged before the power transmitting unit performs pre-charging of the power receiving unit and to receive a charging request from the power receiving unit after the power transmitting unit performs the pre-charging of the power receiving unit,
wherein the power transmitting unit is configured to transmit power to the power receiving unit during main charging based upon result information of a first authentication between the power transmitting unit and the power receiving unit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,564

COIL STRUCTURE FOR INDUCTIVE AND RESONANT WIRELESS CHARGING TRANSMITTER AND INTEGRAL CONTROL METHOD FOR THE SAME

KOREA AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLO...

1. A wireless power transmitter, comprising:a first coil disposed to transmit wireless power;
a second coil disposed outside of the first coil to transmit wireless power; and
a controller configured to:
determine whether to operate the wireless power transmitter in a magnetic induction mode or a magnetic resonance mode;
in the magnetic induction mode, control the first coil to transmit wireless power in the magnetic induction mode and control the second coil not to transmit wireless power; and
in the magnetic resonance mode, control both the first coil and the second coil to transmit wireless power in the magnetic resonance mode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,562

FIELD DEVICE CHARGING POWER REGULATION

ROSEMOUNT INC., Shakopee...

1. A field device for an industrial process comprising:device circuitry configured to receive power and communicate data over a two-wire process control loop;
a shunt circuit configured to shunt an unused portion of the power to an electrical ground;
a bulk supply;
a charging power regulator configured to regulate an excess portion of the power to charge the bulk supply based on a magnitude of the unused portion; and
a supplemental circuit powered by the bulk supply.

US Pat. No. 10,461,561

BATTERY CHARGING APPARATUS AND BATTERY CHARGING PROTECTION CONTROL METHOD

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A battery charging apparatus, comprising a power adapter and a charging control circuit, wherein, the charging control circuit is built in an electronic device and coupled to a controller and a battery in the electronic device, the power adapter is coupled to a communication interface of the electronic device via a communication interface thereof, the battery is charged by the power adapter via the communication interface of the electronic device, and the charging control circuit performs data communication with the power adapter via the communication interface of the electronic device;if a conventional charging or a quick charging is performed on the battery, the power adapter first determines whether an output voltage is greater than a voltage threshold and whether an output current is greater than a current threshold, if the output voltage is greater than the voltage threshold and/or the output current is greater than the current threshold, the power adapter sends a first charging stop command to the charging control circuit and automatically switches off direct current output, the charging control circuit drives the controller to switch off the communication interface of the electronic device according to the first charging stop command; if the output voltage is not greater than the voltage threshold, and the output current is not greater than the current threshold, the power adapter feeds back output voltage information and output current information to the charging control circuit, if the charging control circuit determines that the output voltage of the power adapter is greater than the voltage threshold and/or the output current of the power adapter is greater than the current threshold according to the output voltage information and the output current information, the charging control circuit feeds back a second charging stop command to the power adapter and drives the controller to switch off the communication interface of the electronic device, and the power adapter switches off the direct current output according to the second charging stop command; and if the charging control circuit determines that the output voltage of the power adapter is not greater than the voltage threshold and the output current of the power adapter is not greater than the current threshold according to the output voltage information and the output current information, the power adapter continues to determine the output voltage and the output current,
wherein, the power adapter comprises an EMI filter circuit, a high-voltage rectifier and filter circuit, an isolation transformer, an output filter circuit, and a voltage tracking and control circuit;
the EMI filter circuit is configured to perform an electromagnetic interference filter on mains supply, the high-voltage rectifier and filter circuit is configured to perform a rectifying and filtering process for outputting a high-voltage direct current, the isolation transformer is configured to perform an electrical isolation on the high-voltage direct current, the output filter circuit is configured to perform a filtering process on an output voltage of the isolation transformer so as to charge the battery, the voltage tracking and control circuit is configured to regulate the output voltage of the isolation transformer according to an output voltage of the output filter circuit;
the power adapter further comprises a power circuit, a main control circuit, a potential regulation circuit, a current detection circuit, a voltage detection circuit and an output switch circuit:
an input terminal of the power circuit is coupled to a secondary terminal of the isolation transformer; a power terminal of the main control circuit, a power terminal of the potential regulation circuit, and a power terminal of the current detection circuit are jointly coupled to an output terminal of the power circuit, a high-potential terminal of the main control circuit and a high-potential terminal of the potential regulation circuit are both coupled to a positive output terminal of the output filter circuit, a potential regulation terminal of the potential regulation circuit is coupled to the voltage tracking and control circuit; a direct current input terminal of the current detection circuit is coupled to a positive output terminal of the output filter circuit; a current detection feedback terminal of the current detection circuit is coupled to a current detection terminal of the main control circuit; a clock output terminal and a data output terminal of the main control circuit are coupled to a clock input terminal and a data input terminal of the potential regulation circuit; a first detection terminal and a second detection terminal of the voltage detection circuit are coupled to a direct current output terminal of the current detection circuit and a negative output terminal of the output filter circuit respectively, a first output terminal and a second output terminal of the voltage detection circuit are coupled to a first voltage detection terminal and a second voltage detection terminal of the main control circuit respectively; an input terminal of the output switch circuit is coupled to the direct current output terminal of the current detection circuit; an output terminal of the output switch circuit is coupled to a third detection terminal of the voltage detection circuit; a ground terminal of the output switch circuit is coupled to a negative output terminal of the output filter circuit; a controlled terminal and a power terminal of the output switch circuit are coupled to a switch control terminal of the main control circuit and the secondary terminal of the isolation transformer respectively; each of a negative output terminal of the output filter circuit, the output terminal of the output switch circuit, and a first communication terminal and a second communication terminal of the main control circuit is coupled to the communication interface of the power adapter;
the power circuit comprises: a first capacitor, a voltage stabilizing chip, a second capacitor, a first inductor, a second inductor, a first diode, a second diode, a third capacitor, a first resistor and a second resistor;
a junction of a first terminal of the first capacitor and an input power pin and an enable pin of the voltage stabilizing chip is configured as the input terminal of the power circuit, a second terminal of the first capacitor and a ground pin of the voltage stabilizing chip are jointly grounded; a switch pin of the voltage stabilizing chip and a first terminal of the second capacitor are jointly coupled to a first terminal of the first inductor; an internal switch pin of the voltage stabilizing chip and a second terminal of the second capacitor are jointly coupled to a cathode of the first diode; a voltage feedback pin of the voltage stabilizing chip is coupled to a first terminal of the first resistor and a first terminal of the second resistor, a second terminal of the first inductor and a cathode of the second diode are jointly coupled to a first terminal of the second inductor, a junction of a second terminal of the second inductor, an anode of the first diode, a second terminal of the first resistor and a first terminal of the third capacitor is configured as the output terminal of the power circuit; an anode of the second diode, a second terminal of the second resistor and a second terminal of the third capacitor are jointly grounded.

US Pat. No. 10,461,547

PORTABLE DRONE BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM

1. A portable charging system for charging a multi-cell drone battery, comprising:a) a system battery configured to power the portable charging system during a portable operation to charge the multi-cell drone battery;
b) a recharging circuit for providing, in a system battery recharge operation, the system battery with sufficient charge for powering the portable operation to charge the multi-cell drone battery, the recharging circuit comprising:
a power input for receiving power during the system battery recharge operation of the system battery; and
a protector coupled between the power input and the system battery, the protector configured to protect the system battery during the system battery recharge operation;
c) a charging module coupled to the system battery and configured to receive power from the system battery to charge the multi-cell drone battery in a drone battery charge operation as part of the portable operation, the charging module comprising:
a drone battery charge control circuit configured to provide charging control of the multi-cell drone battery during the drone battery charge operation; and
a drone battery charging status monitor coupled to the drone battery charge control circuit, the drone battery charging status monitor being configured to control operation of the drone battery charge control circuit based on a multi-cell drone battery status; and
d) a drone battery connector configured to connect the multi-cell drone battery to the charging module;
wherein the charging module further comprises a power switch coupled to the drone battery charge control circuit, the power switch configured to initiate the drone battery charge operation, and wherein the charging module further comprises a timer configured to disable the drone battery charge control circuit after the drone battery charge operation has been initiated by the power switch when the multi-cell drone battery has not been detected to be connected to the drone battery connector within a certain amount of time.

US Pat. No. 10,461,538

SYSTEM STABILIZATION CONTROL DEVICE AND POWER SYSTEM CONTROL SYSTEM

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A system stabilization control device for controlling a control instrument installed within a power system based on measurement information from a plurality of measurement points within the power system, comprising:an equipment information database for storing information of system equipment that is interconnected with the power system;
a control priority determining unit for determining a control priority of the control instrument based on information of the system equipment;
a control target determining unit for determining a control target based on the measurement information from the plurality of measurement points and the control priority, wherein the control target determining unit determines the control target by using an electrical distance or impedance between the measurement points in which unstable oscillation was observed and the control instrument interconnected points;
a destabilization time calculating unit for calculating destabilization time of the power system from the measurement information from the plurality of measurement points; and
a control time determining unit for determining control time of the control instrument based on the destabilization time and the information of the system equipment, and
wherein the system stabilization control device controls the determined control instrument for the determined control time.

US Pat. No. 10,461,527

BATTERY POWER LIMITING CIRCUIT AND METHOD

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A battery protection circuit comprising:a first current limiting switch provided in a current path of a battery and coupled to a first current limiting controller to limit a current output by the battery;
a second current limiting switch provided on the current path in series with the first current limiting switch and coupled to a second current limiting controller to limit the current output by the battery;
a voltage divider connected across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch and including:
a first resistor and a second resistor connected in series, and
a control output provided between the first resistor and the second resistor and coupled to the first current limiting switch, the control output configured to provide a control signal that opens the first current limiting switch when a voltage across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch exceeds a predetermined threshold; and
a second voltage divider connected across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch and including:
a third resistor and a fourth resistor connected in series, and
a second control output provided between the third resistor and the fourth resistor and coupled to the second current limiting switch, the second control output configured to provide a second control signal that opens the second current limiting switch when the voltage across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch exceeds the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,461,523

ELECTROMAGNETIC STREAMER SAFETY

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A system, comprising:a control circuit configured to be coupled to a constant-current power supply unit (PSU) that is operable to supply power to a plurality of loads that are in a series configuration;
wherein the control circuit is configured to:
detect an unexpected change in an output associated with the constant-current PSU; and
power down the constant-current PSU based on a magnitude and a duration of the unexpected change in output;
wherein the control circuit comprises a microcontroller configured to:
monitor a current output by the constant-current PSU via a current sensor coupled to an analog-to-digital controller;
monitor a voltage across a first and second rail of the constant-current PSU via respective first and second resistors; and
monitor, via an isolating circuit, a voltage between a given one of the first and second rails and ground.

US Pat. No. 10,461,520

CONTROLLABLE TEST-PULSE WIDTH AND POSITION FOR SELF-TEST GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. An electrical wiring device comprising:a fault detection circuit configured to detect real, simulated and test fault conditions; and
a test fault circuit configured to generate one or more test pulses that cause said test fault condition, wherein said one or more test pulses are generated to occur approximately five milliseconds after a leading edge of a positive half-cycle of AC power.

US Pat. No. 10,461,518

GROUNDING SYSTEM

Cambria County Associatio...

1. A transmission assembly structured to support current wire extending between an installation source assembly and an installation receiving assembly, said transmission assembly comprising:a support assembly, said a support assembly including a number of conductive piles and a number of cable hangers;
each said conductive pile structured to support a multi-function line assembly at an elevation above the ground;
each said cable hanger structured to be coupled to a multi-function line and structured to support a current wire;
a grounding system, said grounding system including a multi-function line assembly and a number of conductive mounting assemblies;
each of said conductive mounting assemblies structured to be coupled to said multi-function line and to a conductive pile;
said multi-function line assembly including a multi-function line; and
said multi-function line is coupled to, and in electrical communication with, said number of conductive mounting assemblies and each of said cable hangers.

US Pat. No. 10,461,515

PROTECTOR AND WIRING STRUCTURE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A protector comprising:a main body having a support surface that supports a wiring material and a back surface on an opposite side from the support surface and having a first wall and a second wall erected with respect to the first wall from a first edge that is one edge of the first wall in a width direction, wherein
the main body has an insertion hole into which a band portion of a band member is inserted and a locking portion that locks a head portion, the band member having the band portion and the head portion into which the band portion is inserted,
the locking portion includes a pair of protrusions protruding from the back surface,
each of the pair of protrusions has a width direction wall extending in a direction intersecting an extending direction of the first wall and a locking wall protruding from the width direction wall toward the other one of the pair of protrusions,
the locking wall is formed at a second edge that is the other edge of the first wall in the width direction, and distal ends of the locking walls face each other,
an interval between the distal ends of the locking walls is an interval that allows passage of the band portion and regulates passage of the head portion,
the width direction walls store the head portion between the width direction walls, and
a groove extends along the distal ends of the locking walls, allows passage of the band portion, guides the band portion to between the distal ends of the locking walls, and is formed on an end surface of the first wall on a side of the second edge.

US Pat. No. 10,461,510

MODULAR DISTRIBUTING PANEL INCLUDING A TRANSFORMER

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A module type distributing panel comprising:a base frame;
a transformer panel module having a main frame and a transformer disposed at an upper side of the base frame;
a first voltage panel module having a first voltage enclosure and a switch mounted within the first voltage enclosure; and
a second voltage panel module having a second voltage enclosure and a distributor mounted within the second voltage enclosure, wherein a second voltage of the second voltage panel module is lower than a first voltage of the first voltage panel module,
wherein the first voltage enclosure is coupled to the main frame for the first voltage panel module, and
the second voltage enclosure is coupled to the main frame for the second voltage panel module,
wherein a first voltage enclosure lower fastening portion is formed at a first lower portion of the first voltage enclosure connected to the base frame, and a second voltage enclosure lower fastening portion is formed at a second lower portion of the second voltage enclosure connected to the base frame, wherein the transformer panel, the first voltage panel, and the second voltage panel are located on top of the base frame,
wherein an upper surface of the transformer panel module is open, and the distributing panel further comprises a transformer panel module roof detachably disposed at an upper side of the main frame,
wherein the transformer panel module roof comprises an upper plate installed to be located at an upper side of the main frame and an upper lifting lug formed of a plate with a lifting hole, wherein the upper lifting lug is coupled to the upper plate,
wherein a horizontal length of the base frame is greater than a horizontal length of each of the transformer panel module, the first voltage panel module, and the second voltage panel module,
wherein the transformer panel module roof that is disposed at the upper side of the main frame does not cover the first voltage panel module and the second voltage panel module, and a horizontal length of the transformer panel module roof is smaller than the horizontal length of the base frame, and
wherein a protection degree of the first voltage panel module and the second voltage panel module is greater than a protection degree of the transformer panel module, and the protection degree of the first voltage panel module and the second voltage panel module is equal to or greater than IP54.

US Pat. No. 10,461,502

TWO-DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTAL SURFACE EMITTING LASER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KYOTO UNIVERSITY, Kyoto ...

1. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface emitting laser having, in a plate-shaped base body, a two-dimensional photonic crystal in which modified refractive index region pairs are periodically arranged and an active layer provided on one side of the base body, each of the modified refractive index region pair comprising a first modified refractive index region and a second modified refractive index region having refractive indexes different from a refractive index of the base body,wherein an area of a planar shape of the first modified refractive index region is larger than or equal to an area of a planar shape of the second modified refractive index region, and
wherein a thickness of the first modified refractive index region is smaller than a thickness of the second modified refractive index region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,495

SUBSTRATE TECHNOLOGY FOR QUANTUM DOT LASERS INTEGRATED ON SILICON

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method of creating an optically active element, comprising:bonding a III-V semiconductor material with a silicon substrate;
removing excess III-V semiconductor material bonded with the substrate to leave a III-V semiconductor material base layer of a predetermined thickness bonded with the substrate; and
after removing the excess III-V semiconductor material, epitaxially growing at least one layer on the III-V semiconductor material base layer, the at least one layer comprising a quantum dot layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,488

LASER DEVICE PROVIDED WITH FUNCTION OF PREDICTING OCCURRENCE OF CONDENSATION

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A laser device comprising:a laser resonator generating laser light,
a cooling water feed device feeding cooling water to the laser resonator for cooling the laser resonator,
a water temperature gauge measuring a temperature of cooling water fed to the laser resonator,
a temperature/humidity adjusting device adjusting at least one of a temperature and humidity of a space in which the laser resonator is set,
a thermometer measuring a temperature of air adjusted by the temperature/humidity adjusting device,
a hygrometer measuring a humidity of air adjusted by the temperature/humidity adjusting device,
a controlling part determining a control target temperature of cooling water which is fed to the laser resonator and calculating a reference temperature or a reference humidity for judging if the cooling water feed device may feed cooling water based on the temperature measured by the thermometer and the humidity measured by the hygrometer,
wherein the reference temperature is a dew point in the space in which the laser resonator is placed, or a value calculated based on the dew point, and
wherein the cooling water feed device is configured to repeat the following steps a plurality of times until the temperature of cooling water reaches the control target temperature:
1) start or continue the feed of cooling water after a command for starting up the laser resonator has been output and when:
a) the temperature of the cooling water is greater than the control target temperature, and
b) the temperature of the cooling water is greater than or equal to the reference temperature, and
2) stop the feed of cooling water when:
a) the temperature of the cooling water is less than or equal to the control target temperature, or
b) the temperature of the cooling water is less than the reference temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,461,484

ELECTRICAL OUTLET AND REMOVABLE POWER MODULE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical outlet structured to be electrically connected with a 1 doctor and a neutral conductor of an AC power source, the electrical outlet comprising:a base;
an electrical apparatus situated on the base;
the electrical apparatus comprising a first connector, a second connector, a third connector, and a fourth connector;
the base having a receptacle formed therein, the first connector and the second connector being situated inside the receptacle, the receptacle being structured to receive therein the power module with the first electrical contact being electrically connected with the first connector and with the second electrical contact being electrically connected with the second connector; and
the third connector being electrically connectable with one of the line conductor and the neutral conductor, and the fourth connector being electrically connectable with the other of the line conductor and the neutral conductor;
the electrical apparatus also comprising a power module having a first electrical contact, a second electrical contact, and a power outlet electrically connected with the first and second electrical contacts, the power module being receivable in the receptacle with the first electrical contact being electrically connected with the first connector and with the second electrical contact being electrically connected with the second connector; and
the electrical apparatus further comprising a pair of springs situated on the base and additionally comprising a pair of electrical conductors that are electrically connected with the third and fourth connectors, the first and second connectors being situated on the pair of springs, the first and second connectors being movable on the pair of springs with respect to the base from a first position wherein the first and second connectors are interposed between and are electrically connected between the pair of electrical conductors and the first and second electrical contacts when the power module is fully received in the receptacle to a second position wherein the first and second connectors are biased by the pair of springs away from the pair of electrical conductors and are electrically disconnected therefrom after the power module has been removed from the receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,461,477

SHIELD CONNECTOR AND CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY INCLUDING THE SHIELD CONNECTOR

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector that is connected to a mating connector, the connector comprising:an outer housing; and
an inner housing module fit in the outer housing, wherein
the inner housing module includes:
a resin portion including an attachment portion and a base portion extending from the attachment portion;
upper surface shield plates and side surface shield plates that are provided on an outer side of the base portion, and are electrically connected to each other; and
a signal terminal provided on an inner side of the base portion, and
the upper surface shield plates, the side surface shield plates, the signal terminal, and the resin portion are integrally formed in a monolithic construction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,463

SEALING INSERT

1. A sealing system for a cable lead-through device into a housing, said cable lead-through device, having at least one U-shaped frame with at least two limbs and a first web connecting the two limbs at one end in each case, and at least one sealing insert configured to be inserted into or arranged in the frame, wherein the sealing insert(s) arranged in the frame is configured to be ultimately compressed by attaching a second web for strain relief and sealing of the cable, wherein the second web is a constituent part of the housing, and wherein the at least one sealing insert is formed from at least one elastically deformable material and has at least one through-opening configured for guiding through of the at least one cable, wherein the sealing insert possesses at least one slit along the through-opening which forms two mutually opposing slit surfaces so that the sealing insert assumes an opened state for inserting or removing the cable laterally and a closed state for sealing and strain relief of the cable, and wherein the sealing insert, without an influence of external forces, is located in its opened state in which it has a gap at its slit, by which the two slit surfaces are automatically separated from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,461,455

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

YAZAKI EUROPE LTD., Hert...

1. An electrical connector assembly comprising:a first connector having a first main contact element and a first auxiliary contact element, said first auxiliary contact element being electrically connected to said first main contact element,
a second connector having a second main contact element and a second auxiliary contact element, said second auxiliary contact element being electrically connected to said second main contact element,
wherein the first connector and the second connector are mateable in a mating direction parallel to a longitudinal axis L of the electrical connector assembly,
wherein the first and second main contact elements are configured to disconnect from each other before the first and second auxiliary contact elements dis-connect from each other during unmating the first and second connectors,
wherein in a fully mated condition the first and second main contact elements are in contact and the first and second auxiliary contact elements are disconnected from each other
wherein the first auxiliary contact element extends at least substantially parallel and radially distanced to the first main contact element, and
wherein the second auxiliary contact element extends at least substantially parallel and radially distanced to the second main contact element.

US Pat. No. 10,461,453

POWER PLUG AND SOCKET

WELLS SHIN ELECTRONIC (KU...

1. A power plug, comprising:a body;
at least two Alternating Current, AC, plug terminals fixed inside the body; and
two Direct Current, DC, plug terminals fixed inside the body;
wherein each of the AC plug terminals and each of the DC plug terminals are respectively connected to separate connecting wires;
wherein the body comprises a first body and a second body, wherein the first body and the second body are adaptively joined to each other to form a plurality of mounting structures, and each of the AC plug terminals and each of the DC plug terminals are respectively fixed inside different mounting structures;
wherein a cavity is provided inside the first body and is configured to accommodate a part of the second body; and
wherein the plurality of mounting structures comprise at least two mounting holes and two mounting slots; and wherein the at least two mounting holes are provided inside the second body, each of the AC plug terminals is fixed inside a respective one of the mounting holes, the two mounting slots are provided on a surface of the second body, and each of the DC plug terminals is fixed inside a respective one of the mounting slots.

US Pat. No. 10,461,450

SIGNAL CONNECTOR BRACES

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A signal connector brace for providing mechanical support to a signal connector coupled to a circuit board, the signal connector brace comprising:a housing having an exterior surface;
first and second protrusions extending from the housing to couple the housing to vias of the circuit board thereby positioning the exterior surface of the housing in contact with a corresponding exterior surface of the signal connector to brace the signal connector;
a recess on the housing positioned between locations where the first and second protrusions respectively join the housing, wherein the recess is configured to receive a mechanical fastener for coupling the signal connector brace to the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,461,445

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR IMPEDANCE MULTIPLICATION

PSIQUANTUM CORP., Palo A...

1. An electric circuit, comprising:a first superconducting component having a first terminal, a second terminal, and a constriction region between the first terminal and the second terminal;
a second superconducting component having a third terminal and a fourth terminal; and
a first electrically-insulating component that thermally couples the first superconducting component and the second superconducting component such that heat produced at the constriction region is transferred through the first electrically-insulating component to the second superconducting component;
wherein the second superconducting component has a first portion between the third terminal and the fourth terminal; and
wherein the second superconducting component is positioned so that the first portion of the second superconducting component is in proximity with the first superconducting component such that heat produced at the first superconducting component transfers to the first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,425

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a metallic member, the metallic member defining at least one slot and being divided into a first combining portion and a second combining portion by the at least one slot;
a feed portion, the feed portion electrically connected to the first combining portion and configured to feed current to the first combining portion;
a ground portion, the ground portion electrically connected to the first combining portion and configured to ground the first combining portion; and
a radiator, the radiator electrically connected to the second combining portion and configured to feed current to the second combining portion; wherein the radiator comprises a feed section, a radiating portion, and a ground section, the feed section is electrically connected to the radiating portion to feed current to the radiating portion, the radiating portion is positioned at a plane perpendicular to a plane of the feed section, the radiating portion comprises a first radiating section, a second radiating section, a third radiating section, and a fourth radiating section; wherein one end of the first radiating section is perpendicularly connected to the feed section, and another end of the first radiating section is electrically connected to the metallic member; wherein the second radiating section is perpendicularly connected to the first radiating section, and the third radiating section is perpendicularly connected to an end of the second radiating section away from the first radiating section; wherein one end of the fourth radiating section is perpendicularly connected to one end of the third radiating section away from the second radiating section, and another end of the fourth radiating section is electrically connected to the metallic member; wherein one end of the ground section is electrically connected to one end of the first radiating section, and another end of the ground section is grounded;
wherein the first combining portion, the feed portion, and the ground portion cooperatively form a first antenna of the antenna structure, the second combining portion and the radiator cooperatively form a second antenna of the antenna structure, the first antenna activates a first mode to generate radiation signals in a first frequency band, and the second antenna activates a second mode to generate radiation signals in a second frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,461,422

BALANCED ANTENNA

Airgain Incorporated, Sa...

1. A balanced antenna system comprising:a cable;
an antenna comprising a first infinite balun, a second infinite balun, and a feeding gap; and
wherein the cable transports a radio signal from the antenna to a radio and from a radio to the antenna;
wherein the first infinite balun and the second infinite balun transform an unbalanced transmission line characteristic of the cable to the balanced feeding of the antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,461,412

MICROWAVE MODULATION DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A microwave modulation device, comprising:a first radiator comprising:
a substrate;
a metal layer disposed on the substrate;
a protective layer disposed on at least a portion of the metal layer, and having a through hole, wherein the through hole overlaps with a portion of the metal layer; and
an etch-stop layer disposed between the metal layer and the protective layer;
a second radiator disposed corresponding to the first radiator;
a sealing wall disposed between the first radiator and the second radiator; and
a modulation structure disposed between the first radiator and the second radiator.

US Pat. No. 10,461,411

ANTENNA AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a front glass cover defining a front surface of the electronic device;
a rear cover defining a rear surface of the electronic device;
a display comprising a screen area exposed through the front cover;
a non-metal structure disposed in the electronic device and comprising a first surface facing the front cover and a second surface facing the rear cover;
a metal structure disposed through a portion of the non-metal structure, such that a predetermined area of the metal structure is exposed through the first surface to the second surface of the non-metal structure; and
an antenna structure disposed at a portion of the first surface or the second surface of the non-metal structure and being electrically connected to the metal structure,
wherein the antenna structure comprises:
a second bonding layer attached to a portion of the second surface of the non-metal structure, and including a first opening corresponding to the metal structure, an antenna element pattern arranged on the second bonding layer and electrically connected to the metal structure through the first opening, a first bonding layer arranged on the antenna element pattern and an insulation layer arranged on the first bonding layer,
wherein the first bonding layer and the insulation layer form a second opening above the first opening, and
wherein the metal structure contacts to a conductive connector for supplying a power, and the conductive connector is distinct from the metal structure.

US Pat. No. 10,461,386

IMPEDANCE COMPENSATION STRUCTURE FOR BROADBAND NEAR-FIELD MAGNETIC-FIELD PROBE AND ITS CONSTRUCTION METHOD

BEIHANG UNIVERSITY, Beij...

1. An impedance compensation structure for a broadband near-field magnetic-field probe, comprising: a signal via; and a plurality of grounding vias provided around the signal via to form a coaxial via array; wherein the plurality of grounding vias and the signal via have an identical size, all distances between each of the plurality of the grounding vias and the signal via are equal, and the plurality of the grounding vias forms a circle centered at the signal via; wherein each of the plurality of the grounding vias is connected with a magnetic field probe top layer shield plane and a magnetic field probe bottom layer shield plane; each of the plurality of the grounding vias keeps in a conducting state from a direct current to a high frequency, in such a manner that impedance matching of the broadband near-field magnetic-field probe is achieved; by regulating distances between each of the plurality of the grounding vias and the signal via and amounts of the plurality of the grounding vias to accomplish impedance changes caused by the signal via, so as to ensure impedance of the magnetic-field probe is continuous;wherein one of the plurality of the grounding vias and the signal via are a pair of through holes;
wherein the plurality of the grounding vias is connected with the magnetic field probe top layer shield plane and the magnetic field probe bottom layer shield plane; both the magnetic field probe top layer shield plane and the magnetic field probe bottom layer shield plane are connected with the with an external power source to ground; each of the plurality of the grounding vias forms a capacitance with the signal via, wherein a value of a pair of through hole capacitance is calculated according to formula of:

wherein ? is a dielectric constant of a first medium, D is a distance between each of the plurality of the grounding vias to the signal via; and a is a radius of the plurality of the grounding vias and the signal via.

US Pat. No. 10,461,375

SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, AND VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A secondary battery comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and an aqueous electrolyte,wherein the aqueous electrolyte includes a first aqueous electrolyte and a second aqueous electrolyte,
the first aqueous electrolyte contains lithium ions,
the second aqueous electrolyte contains lithium ions,
a concentration of the lithium ions contained in the second aqueous electrolyte is higher than the concentration of the lithium ions contained in the first aqueous electrolyte, and
the first aqueous electrolyte is substantially in contact with only the positive electrode among the negative electrode and the positive electrode, and the second aqueous electrolyte is substantially in contact with only the negative electrode among the negative electrode and the positive electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,374

BATTERY INTERNAL TEMPERATURE SENSING BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

The Johns Hopkins Univers...

1. A battery management system comprising:a processor;
a multiplexer;
a second multiplexer;
a current source; and
a measurement circuit,
the measurement circuit being electrically coupled to the processor, and the measurement circuit comprising a gain circuit, a second gain circuit, a buffer, and a root means square converter, the first and second gain circuits increasing the amplitude of a signal received from the multiplexer and the root means square converter converting the signal received from the multiplexer into a direct current signal of equivalent value,
the battery management system is configured to:
send a first command signal to the multiplexer to cause the multiplexer to select a cell of a battery;
send a second command signal to the current source to apply a current to the cell of the battery;
send a third command signal to the second multiplexer to cause the second multiplexer to select a current path, the first and command signals being synchronous commands; and
receive measurement information based on the application of the current to the cell from the measurement circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,363

SULFIDE SOLID ELECTROLYTE MATERIAL, BATTERY, AND PRODUCING METHOD FOR SULFIDE SOLID ELECTROLYTE MATERIAL

TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNO...

1. A sulfide solid electrolyte material comprising:a peak at a position of 2?=29.86°±1.00° in X-ray diffraction measurement using a CuK? ray, and
a composition of Li2y+3PS4(0.1?y?0.175).

US Pat. No. 10,461,353

FUEL CELL STACK

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

4. A fuel cell stack comprising:a stack of fuel cells, each of the fuel cells generating electric power by an electrochemical reaction between a fuel gas and an oxidant gas;
a pair of end plates respectively disposed at ends of the stack of fuel cells in a stacking direction; and
a fluid manifold member disposed on at least one of the end plates, the fluid manifold member allowing a fluid to flow through the fuel cells, the fluid being one of a coolant, a fuel gas, and an oxidant gas,
wherein the fluid manifold member includes a manifold body and a flange portion that is fixed to the at least one of the end plates, the flange portion being directly connected to the manifold body at a location,
wherein the flange portion includes a flange body formed with a protrusion as a single element, the protrusion directly contacts the flange body, the protrusion protrudes directly from the at least one of the end plates and protrudes outward in the stacking direction, and the protrusion extends away from the stack of fuel cells beyond the location at which the manifold body directly connects to the flange portion in the stacking direction,
wherein the protrusion protrudes outward in the stacking direction beyond the flange body,
wherein the flange portion that is fixed to the at least one of the end plates by a plurality of bolts, and
wherein a bolt of the plurality of bolts extends through the protrusion in the stacking direction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,348

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fuel cell system, comprising:a supplying pipe configured to supply hydrogen and air to a stack;
a gas concentration sensor configured to sense impurities of the hydrogen and the air supplied to the supplying pipe;
a supplying valve disposed in the supplying pipe to adjust the supplying of the hydrogen and the air;
a discharging pipe configured to discharge the hydrogen and the air from the stack;
a discharging valve disposed in the discharging pipe to adjust the discharging of the hydrogen and the air;
a controller configured to be operated together with the gas concentration sensor to detect introduction of the impurities; and
exhaust valves disposed at a front end and a rear end of the stack to remove a polluted fuel in response to detecting the introduction of the impurities,
wherein the controller is further configured to:
determine whether a stack voltage is dropped due to the impurities of the hydrogen;
control the supplying valve and the exhaust valves to exhaust hydrogen and air in the stack and to supply hydrogen and air into the stack when it is determined that the stack voltage is dropped due to the impurities of the hydrogen; and
perform a logic of repeating start-on/off of the fuel cell system for predetermined times.

US Pat. No. 10,461,335

SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS WITH CATHODE FUNCTIONAL LAYERS

REDOX POWER SYSTEMS, LLC,...

1. A solid oxide fuel cell comprising:a cathode;
a solid electrolyte for conducting oxygen ions from the cathode to an anode;
an anode for reacting oxygen ions from the solid electrolyte with a hydrogen-containing fuel; and
disposed between the cathode and the solid electrolyte, a functional layer for improving conduction within the solid oxide fuel cell,
wherein (i) the functional layer contains cobalt, (ii) the solid electrolyte comprises a first layer and a second layer disposed on the first layer, (iii) the first layer of the solid electrolyte contains cobalt, and (iv) the second layer of the solid electrolyte is free of cobalt.

US Pat. No. 10,461,333

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS COMPRISING FIBRIL MATERIALS

Sion Power Corporation, ...

1. An electrochemical cell, comprising:a negative electrode;
a positive electrode; and
an electrolyte in electrochemical communication with the negative electrode and the positive electrode,
wherein the electrolyte comprises a plurality of fibrils comprising cellulose or a cellulose derivative having maximum cross-sectional diameters of less than about 100 nanometers and aspect ratios of at least about 10:1.

US Pat. No. 10,461,311

DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR MOLTEN FLUID ELECTRODE APPARATUS MANAGEMENT

Vissers Battery Corporati...

1. An apparatus comprising:a plurality of negative electrode reservoirs configured to contain a negative electrode material;
a plurality of positive electrode reservoirs configured to contain a positive electrode material;
a heating system configured to heat negative electrode material within a selected negative electrode reservoir of the plurality of negative electrode reservoirs to maintain the negative electrode material contained in the selected negative electrode reservoir in a fluid state and configured to heat positive electrode material in a selected positive electrode reservoir to maintain the positive electrode material contained in the selected positive electrode reservoir in the fluid state while maintaining, in a non-fluid state, negative electrode material in a non-selected negative electrode reservoir and positive electrode material in a non-selected positive electrode reservoir;
a reaction chamber comprising a solid electrolyte positioned in the reaction chamber to form a positive electrode region on a first side of the solid electrolyte and to form a negative electrode region on a second side of the solid electrolyte; and
an electrode material distribution system configured to cycle fluid positive electrode material between the selected positive electrode reservoir and the positive electrode region and configured to transfer, during a discharge state of the apparatus, fluid negative electrode material from the selected negative electrode reservoir to the negative electrode region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,308

SEALED BATTERY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A sealed battery comprising:a case provided with a case body having an opening therein and a lid that is sized so as to be capable of closing the opening and that has an electrolyte fill port;
an electrode assembly that is housed in the case; and
an electrolyte solution,
wherein the lid is provided with a filler plug that is welded to the lid so as to close the fill port, and an outside surface of the lid has a surface treated region forming an electrolyte-repelling region surrounding the weld where the filler plug is welded and another surface treated region forming an electrolyte-affinity region near the electrolyte-repelling region, and
wherein,
upon the electrolyte solution contacting the electrolyte-repelling region of the outside surface of the lid, the electrolyte-repelling region imparts a contact angle of 100° or more between a surface of the electrolyte-repelling region and the electrolyte solution, and
upon the electrolyte solution contacting the electrolyte-affinity region of the outside surface of the lid, the electrolyte-affinity region imparts a contact angle of 80° or less between a surface of the electrolyte-affinity region and the electrolyte solution, and
the electrolyte repellency of the electrolyte-repelling region is higher than the electrolyte-affinity region, and the electrolyte affinity of the electrolyte-affinity region is higher than the electrolyte-repelling region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,305

BATTERY CELL AND BATTERY SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery cell (2) comprising a prismatically-designed cell housing (3) having a cover surface (31), on which a negative terminal (11) and a positive terminal (12) are arranged projecting outwardly from the cover surface (31), and comprising at least one electrode coil (10) arranged within the cell housing (3), the electrode coil having a cathode (14), which has cathode contact lugs (24), and the electrode coil having an anode (16), which has anode contact lugs (26), wherein the cathode contact lugs (24) and the anode contact lugs (26) extend adjacently from the electrode coil (10) toward precisely one end surface (35, 36) of the cell housing (3), and wherein the end surface (35, 36) is oriented at right-angles to the cover surface (31).

US Pat. No. 10,461,295

SEPARATOR CAPABLE OF SELECTIVE ION MIGRATION, AND SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING SAME

REKRIX CO., LTD., Seoul ...

5. A zinc-air battery, comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode;
a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; and
an electrolyte including zinc for impregnating the negative electrode, the separator and a part of the positive electrode, the electrolyte comprising an electromigration-promoting ion,
wherein the separator is formed of a porous material having a plurality of pores formed therein, and each of the plurality of pores has a size smaller than the size of an electromigration-promoting ion contained in the electrolyte, and thus the electromigration-promoting ion does not pass through the plurality of pores such that the electromigration-promoting ion is prevented from migrating to the positive electrode side,
wherein the zinc-air battery operates by a migration of electrons generated when zinc contained in the electrolyte reacts with oxygen in the air and is changed into zinc oxide.

US Pat. No. 10,461,292

ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS AND COVER MEMBER

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage apparatus comprising:a spacer;
an energy storage device disposed adjacently to the spacer in a first direction and having an external terminal on an end surface thereof in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction; and
a cover member holding a bus bar connected to the external terminal and extending along the end surface of the energy storage device having the external terminal,
wherein the spacer has a first connecting portion to which the cover member is connected on an end portion thereof in the second direction, and
the cover member has a second connecting portion which engages with the first connecting portion in a state where movement of the cover member in a direction away from the spacer in the second direction is restricted,
wherein the first connecting portion is disposed on the end portion of spacer at an intermediate position in a third direction orthogonal to the first and the second directions.

US Pat. No. 10,461,287

BATTERY PACK

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., G...

1. A battery pack comprising:secondary batteries;
a case accommodating the secondary batteries, the case comprising:
an upper case;
a lower case; and
plates disposed on each of the upper case and the lower case and each of the plates having holes, wherein each hole corresponds to an end of each of a single one of the secondary batteries;
alignment members attached to the plate of the upper case; and
a conductive coupling tap,
wherein each of the alignment members comprises a protrusion covering at least a portion of one or more holes,
wherein the alignment member is a separate component from the conductive coupling tap
wherein the conductive coupling tap is configured to electrically couple to the ends of corresponding ones of secondary batteries corresponding to the one or more holes,
wherein a width of each of the alignment members is greater than an internal interval between two adjacent ones of the secondary batteries, and
wherein each of the alignment members covers portions of at least two adjacent holes of the plates.

US Pat. No. 10,461,286

BATTERY PACK

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack comprising:a battery module comprising battery cells sequentially stacked, air flow paths between the battery cells, and at least one cooling duct located on an outermost side of the battery cells to define an air flow space configured to communicate with the air flow paths, the at least one cooling duct having an air passing hole open toward an upper portion of the battery module to communicate with the air flow space;
a lower case configured to load the battery module and the at least one cooling duct therein, the lower case being separate from the at least one cooling duct; and
an upper case coupled to the lower case and configured to cover the battery module and the at least one cooling duct, the upper case having a vent structure on each cooling duct of the at least one cooling duct,
wherein the at least one cooling duct is located between the lower case and the battery cells, and
wherein the vent structure comprises an inner air passage unit configured to define an air passage and having a rectangular-tunnel-type window frame configured to communicate with the air passing hole through one side of the air passage and penetrate a sidewall of the upper case through the other side of the air passage, and an outer air passage unit detachably inserted along an inner wall of the window frame, the outer air passage unit having through holes in a front wall located on a front side of the window frame and in a rear wall located on a rear side of the window frame, and the outer air passage unit is entirely located within an outermost perimeter of a sidewall of the lower case.

US Pat. No. 10,461,281

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A light emitting device, comprising:a substrate;
a first electrode disposed on the substrate;
a light emitting layer disposed on the first electrode;
a second electrode disposed on the light emitting layer, wherein the first electrode, the light emitting layer, and the second electrode are sequentially stacked on the substrate to constitute a light emitting unit;
a heat shrinkable film disposed on the light emitting unit;
a first adhesive layer disposed between the heat shrinkable film and the second electrode;
a gas barrier substrate, wherein the light emitting unit, the first adhesive layer and the heat shrinkable film are disposed between the substrate and the gas barrier substrate; and
a second adhesive layer disposed between the heat shrinkable film and the gas barrier substrate, wherein an adhesion strength between the second adhesive layer and the heat shrinkable film is smaller than an adhesion strength between the first adhesive layer and the heat shrinkable film.

US Pat. No. 10,461,259

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An organic light emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a hole transport layer;
a light emitting layer;
a power efficiency enhancement layer;
a gradation enhancement layer; and
a second electrode,
wherein the power efficiency enhancement layer comprises a compound represented by Chemical Formula 1 below, and
the gradation enhancement layer comprises a compound represented by Chemical Formula 2 below:

in Chemical Formula 1,
Ar1 and Ar2 are each independently a substituted or unsubstituted C6-60 aryl; or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-60 heteroaryl containing at least one of O, N, Si and S,
each L is independently a direct bond, or a substituted or unsubstituted C6-60 arylene,
each A is independently a substituted or unsubstituted C6-60 arylene having a meta- or ortho-linking group,
each B is independently a substituted or unsubstituted C6-60 aryl; or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-60 heteroaryl containing at least one of O, N, Si and S,
l is an integer of 0 to 2,
a is an integer of 1 or 2, and
h is an integer of 1 or 2,

in Chemical Formula 2,
Ar3 and Ar4 are each independently a substituted or unsubstituted C6-60 aryl; or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-60 heteroaryl containing at least one of O, N, Si and S,
each P is independently a direct bond, or a substituted or unsubstituted C6-60 arylene,
each Q is independently a substituted or unsubstituted C6-60 arylene having a para-linking group,
each R is independently a substituted or unsubstituted C6-60 aryl; or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-60 heteroaryl containing at least one of O, N, Si and S,
p is an integer of 0 to 2,
q is an integer of 1 or 2, and
r is an integer of 1 or 2.

US Pat. No. 10,461,242

ANTIFERROMAGNETIC EXCHANGE COUPLING ENHANCEMENT IN PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION STACKS FOR MAGNETIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY APPLICATIONS

SPIN MEMORY, INC., Fremo...

1. A magnetic memory element, comprising:a magnetic free layer;
a magnetic reference layer;
a non-magnetic barrier layer located between the magnetic reference layer and the magnetic free layer; and
a synthetic antiferromagnetic structure exchange coupled with the magnetic reference layer, the synthetic antiferromagnetic structure further comprising:
a first magnetic structure;
a second magnetic structure; and
an antiferromagnetic exchange coupling structure located between the first and second magnetic structures, the antiferromagnetic exchange coupling structure including a layer of Ru located between first and second layers of Pt.

US Pat. No. 10,461,233

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGE AND LIGHTING DEVICE

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A light emitting device package, comprising:a first lead frame;
a light emitting device disposed on the first lead frame;
a second lead frame spaced apart from the first lead frame in a first direction;
a protective device disposed on the second lead frame; and
a body coupled to the first and second lead frames,
wherein the body including a cavity exposing a portion of an upper surface of the first lead frame and an upper surface of the second lead frame,
wherein the cavity includes first to fourth inner side surfaces which are inclined, respectively,
wherein the first inner side surface faces the second inner side surface in the first direction,
wherein the third inner side surface faces to the fourth inner side surface in a second direction,
wherein the first to fourth inner side surfaces face the first to fourth sides of the light emitting device, respectively,
wherein the cavity has a first bottom surface that exposes a part of an upper surface of the first lead frame; a second bottom surface on which a part of an upper surface of the second lead frame is exposed and on which the protection device is disposed; and a third bottom surface on which a part of the upper surface of the second lead frame is exposed and spaced apart from the second bottom surface,
wherein the first lead frame comprises a first stepped portion disposed along an edge of a lower surface thereof and at least one first through hole,
wherein the first through hole includes a second stepped portion disposed at an inner side thereof,
wherein the cavity includes a first recess portion exposing the second lead frame and a second recess portion exposing the first lead frame,
wherein the second lead frame comprises a third stepped portion disposed along an edge of a lower surface thereof, and a mounting region of the protective device which is not overlapped in a vertical direction and spaced apart from the third stepped portion,
wherein a part of the second recess portion is overlapped with the third stepped portion in the vertical direction,
wherein a minimum distance between the first recess portion and the second recess portion is greater than a length of one side of the light emitting device, and
wherein the first recess portion is not overlapped with a second side of the light emitting device in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,217

VERTICAL STRUCTURE LEDS

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

20. A method for manufacturing a light emitting diode, comprising:forming a GaN-based semiconductor structure with a thickness of a less than 5 microns on a substrate, the GaN-based semiconductor layer comprising:
a p-type GaN-based semiconductor layer;
an active layer on the p-type GaN-based semiconductor layer; and
an n-type GaN-based semiconductor layer on the active layer;
forming a p-type electrode having multiple metal layers on the p-type GaN-based semiconductor layer with contacting a bottom surface of the Gall-based semiconductor structure;
forming a metal support layer comprising Ti and non-metal material on the p-type electrode, a top surface of the metal support layer contacting the p-type electrode;
removing the substrate from the GaN-based semiconductor structure to expose an upper surface of the GaN-based semiconductor structure;
forming an n-type electrode comprising Ti and Al on the upper surface of the GaN-based semiconductor structure, with overlapping at least a portion of the p-type electrode in a thickness direction of the GaN-based semiconductor structure;
forming an insulating layer including at least one of SiO2 or Si3N4, on the upper surface of the GaN-based semiconductor structure and on an entire side surface of the GaN-based semiconductor structure, wherein a first part formed on the upper surface of the GaN-based semiconductor structure in the insulating layer contacts the upper surface of the GaN-based semiconductor structure;
forming an open space exposing the n-type electrode by patterning the first part of the insulating layer; and
forming a metal pad layer at the open space, an uppermost surface of the metal pad layer being formed at a higher position than the first part of the insulating layer,
wherein a second part formed on the entire side surface of the GaN-based semiconductor structure in the insulating layer does not contact the n-type electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,172

VERTICAL TRANSISTORS HAVING IMPROVED GATE LENGTH CONTROL USING UNIFORMLY DEPOSITED SPACERS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming a channel fin structure across from a major surface of a substrate, wherein the channel fin structure comprises a plurality of channel fins, wherein a first spacing is defined between adjacent ones of a first set of the plurality of channel fins, wherein a second spacing is defined between adjacent ones of a second set of the plurality of channel fins, wherein the first spacing is not equal to the second spacing;
forming an initial gate structure over the plurality of channel fins;
forming spacers along vertical sidewall portions of the initial gate structure, each of the spacers having a predetermined spacer height dimension, wherein a thickness dimension of each of the spacers is insufficient to allow any one of the spacers to fill the first spacing or the second spacing; and
subsequent to forming the spacers along the vertical sidewall portions of the initial gate structure, removing portions of the initial gate structure where the vertical sidewall portions of the initial gate structure are not covered by the spacers to define a plurality of gate structures each having a gate structure height dimension defined by the spacer height dimension;
wherein a gate length dimension of each of the plurality of gate structures comprises the gate height dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,461,168

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FOR COMPENSATING INTERNAL DELAY, METHODS THEREOF, AND DATA PROCESSING SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of manufacturing a Fin Field Effect Transistor (FinFET), the method comprising:providing a substrate;
forming an elevated source and an elevated drain on the substrate;
forming a first dielectric layer on the substrate, the first dielectric layer including a gate oxide layer and a high-k dielectric layer disposed on the gate oxide layer, the high-k dielectric layer being U-shaped;
forming a metal buffer layer on the first dielectric layer, the metal buffer layer being U-shaped;
forming a metal gate on the metal buffer layer, the metal gate contacting the metal buffer layer; and
forming a second dielectric layer on the substrate after generating at least a first opening next to the first dielectric layer such that the second dielectric layer contacts the first dielectric layer, wherein
a dielectric constant of the second dielectric layer is less than that of the first dielectric layer, and
a first portion of the first dielectric layer is disposed between the metal buffer layer and the second dielectric layer, and blocks the metal buffer layer to contact the second dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,161

GAN DEVICE WITH FLOATING FIELD PLATES

NAVITAS SEMICONDUCTOR, IN...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a substrate including a transition layer that can form a two-dimensional electron gas;
a source electrode ohmically coupled to the transition layer;
a drain electrode ohmically coupled to the transition layer;
a gate stack formed on the transition layer; and
a field termination structure spaced apart from the transition layer and positioned between the gate stack and the drain electrode, wherein the field termination structure includes a source plate electrically connected to the source electrode and at least one capacitively coupled floating plate.

US Pat. No. 10,461,158

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE SAME

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device including a semiconductor substrate, a first insulating film formed on the semiconductor substrate, and a semiconductor layer formed on the first insulating film, comprising the steps of:(a) forming a dummy gate electrode of a MISFET over the semiconductor layer;
(b) after the step (a), forming an offset spacer over a side surface of the dummy gate electrode;
(c) after the step (b), forming a side wall over the side surface of the dummy gate electrode via the offset spacer;
(d) after the step (c), forming an interlayer insulating film so as to cover the dummy gate electrode, the offset spacer and the side wall;
(e) after the step (d), exposing an upper surface of the dummy gate electrode and an upper surface of the offset spacer by polishing the interlayer insulating film;
(f) after the step (e), removing the offset spacer in order to form a first opening beside the dummy gate electrode;
(g) after the step (f), forming a first impurity region having a first conductivity type in the semiconductor substrate by an ion implantation method through the first opening;
(h) after the step (g), forming a second impurity region having a second conductivity type opposite to the first conductivity type in the semiconductor layer by an ion implantation method through the first opening; and
(i) after the step (h), replacing the dummy gate electrode with a metal material, thereby to form a metal gate electrode of the MISFET.

US Pat. No. 10,461,155

EPITAXIAL REGION FOR EMBEDDED SOURCE/DRAIN REGION HAVING UNIFORM THICKNESS

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

9. A method of forming a source/drain region comprising:forming a first spacer material layer on a P-type field effect transistor (PFET) region of a substrate and an N-type field effect transistor (NFET) region of the substrate, the NFET region including a gate structure positioned on the substrate;
forming a mask above the first spacer material layer in the PFET region;
forming an opening in the first spacer material layer and the substrate adjacent to the gate structure in the NFET region;
removing the mask;
forming a first epitaxial region in at least a portion of the opening;
forming a second spacer material layer on the first spacer material layer and on a portion of an uppermost surface of the first epitaxial region adjacent to the gate structure;
removing a first portion of the first epitaxial region using the second spacer material layer as a mask, wherein after removing the first portion a remaining portion of the first epitaxial region includes a substantially uniform sidewall thickness; and
forming a second epitaxial region abutting the remaining portion of the first epitaxial region in the opening to form the source/drain region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,137

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DISPLAY PANEL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. An organic electroluminescent display panel, comprising a substrate, and a pixel defining layer and a light emitting layer on the substrate, wherein:the pixel defining layer comprises a first pixel defining layer on the substrate, a second pixel defining layer on the first pixel defining layer, and a third pixel defining layer between the first pixel defining layer and the second pixel defining layer;
the first pixel defining layer comprises a plurality of first opening areas, each of which defines a sub-pixel light emitting area, and the light emitting layer is arranged in the plurality of first opening areas;
the second pixel defining layer comprises a plurality of second opening areas, each of which defines a virtual pixel area comprising at least two adjacent sub-pixel light emitting areas in a same color; and
the third pixel defining layer comprises a plurality of third opening areas corresponding to the plurality of first opening areas in a one-to-one manner, and each of the plurality of third opening areas is not larger than a corresponding first opening area;
wherein respective virtual pixel areas defined by the plurality of second opening areas comprise a same number of sub-pixel light emitting areas; and virtual pixel areas containing red sub-pixel light emitting areas, virtual pixel areas containing green sub-pixel light emitting areas, and virtual pixel areas containing blue sub-pixel light emitting areas are disposed alternately in each row of the respective virtual pixel areas; and
wherein sidewalls of respective first opening areas, respective second opening areas, and respective third opening areas are sloped, top areas of the respective first opening areas and the respective third opening areas are smaller than their corresponding bottom areas, and top areas of the respective second opening areas are greater than their corresponding bottom areas.

US Pat. No. 10,461,131

QUANTUM DOT LED AND OLED INTEGRATION FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY DISPLAYS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A display comprising:a tandem hybrid pixel including an organic light emitting diode (OLED) subpixel and a quantum dot light emitting diode (QD-LED) subpixel;
a common hole transport layer in the OLED subpixel and the QD-LED subpixel;
a common quantum dot layer over the common hole transport layer in the QD-LED subpixel and in the OLED subpixel;
a semi-common charge generation layer over the common quantum dot layer in the OLED subpixel;
a first cathode over the common quantum dot layer in the QD-LED subpixel;
a semi-common hole transport layer over the semi-common charge generation layer in the OLED subpixel;
an organic emission layer over the semi-common hole transport layer in the OLED subpixel;
a semi-common electron transport layer over the organic emission layer in the OLED subpixel; and
a semi-common second cathode over the semi-common electron transport layer in the OLED subpixel.

US Pat. No. 10,461,116

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGING METHOD AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE BASED ON MOLDING PROCESS

NINGBO SUNNY OPOTECH CO.,...

1. An image processing assembly, comprising:an encapsulated component;
a photosensitive element, supported by at least one portion of a top surface of the encapsulated component;
a compensation part, disposed in a portion of the top surface of the encapsulated component other than the at least one portion, and in contact with a side portion of the photosensitive element; and
a packaging component, configured to embed at least two of the photosensitive element, the encapsulated component, and the compensation part; wherein the compensation part is distributed around the photosensitive element to form a frame.

US Pat. No. 10,461,114

MARKING SYSTEM AND METHOD

LMD Power of Light Corpor...

1. An infrared laser emitting system comprising:a quantum cascade laser emitter configured to generate a beam of infrared radiation;
an optical system downstream of the quantum cascade laser emitter, the optical system being configured to receive the beam of infrared radiation and to emit a cone of divergent infrared laser radiation from the infrared laser emitting system; and
a driver configured to control at least one of the quantum cascade laser emitter or the optical system to vary a divergence of the beam, the cone emitted from the infrared laser emitting system having a varying divergence such that when the cone is detected by a thermal imager remote from the quantum cascade laser emitter, the cone is distinguishable from a background object in a corresponding image generated by the thermal imager.

US Pat. No. 10,461,111

SOLID STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A solid state imaging apparatus comprising:a solid state image sensor including
an optical pixel region;
a metal body; and
a peripheral circuit region positioned at a periphery of the optical pixel region, the peripheral circuit region including
a multifunctional chip being electrically connected to the optical pixel region via the metal body;
a sealing resin layer formed with a sealing resin and seals the multifunctional chip in the peripheral circuit region; and
a concave structure configured to inhibit a flow of the sealing resin in a liquid state when the sealing resin layer is formed;
wherein the concave structure configured to inhibit the flow of the sealing resin in the liquid state includes a scoop portion having a scooping surface that surrounds the multifunctional chip, and
wherein the concave structure that is configured to inhibit the flow of the sealing resin in the liquid state is formed only by an optical film layer of the solid state image sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,461,093

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A semiconductor memory device comprising:a plurality of conducting layers and a plurality of insulating layers that are alternately disposed above a semiconductor substrate;
a plurality of pillars that extend through the alternately-disposed layers of the conductive layers and the insulating layers in a first direction which crosses a surface of the semiconductor substrate, the plurality of pillars being arranged in a second direction along the surface of the semiconductor substrate; and
a plate that extends through the alternately-disposed layers of the conductive layers and the insulating layers in the first direction, extends in the second direction, and is disposed apart from the plurality of pillars in a third direction along the surface of the semiconductor substrate, the third direction being different from the second direction,
wherein the plate has convex portions and non-convex portions alternately arranged on a side of the plate in the second direction, the convex portions and the non-convex portions both extend through the alternately-disposed layers of the conductive layers and the insulating layers in the first direction, and the convex portions and at least part of the plurality of pillars are arranged in a staggered manner.

US Pat. No. 10,461,090

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A semiconductor memory device, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of first conductive films stacked in a first direction above the substrate and extend in a second direction intersecting the first direction and in a third direction intersecting the first direction and the second direction;
a memory columnar body extending in the first direction and having a side surface covered by the plurality of first conductive films; and
a first structure extending in the second direction and dividing the plurality of first conductive films in the third direction, a length of the first structure in the second direction being greater than a length of the first structure in the third direction, and the length of the first structure in the second direction being equal to or greater than a length of the plurality of first conductive films in the second direction,
each of the memory columnar body and the first structure comprising:
a memory insulating film provided on a side surface of at least one of the plurality of first conductive films; and
a first semiconductor layer provided on a side surface of the memory insulating film.

US Pat. No. 10,461,088

METHOD FOR FORMING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE STRUCTURE

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method for forming a semiconductor device structure, comprising:forming a gate stack and a conductive layer over a semiconductor substrate, wherein the semiconductor substrate has a first region and a second region isolated from each other by an isolation structure in the semiconductor substrate, the gate stack is formed over the first region, and the conductive layer is formed over the second region and the isolation structure;
forming a negative photoresist layer to cover the gate stack and a first portion of the conductive layer over the isolation structure and expose a second portion of the conductive layer;
forming a mask layer over the negative photoresist layer and the conductive layer, wherein the mask layer has trenches over the second portion of the conductive layer, wherein the mask layer over the conductive layer is thicker than the mask layer over the negative photoresist layer;
removing the second portion through the trenches;
removing the mask layer; and
removing the negative photoresist layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,044

WAFER LEVEL FAN-OUT PACKAGE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of manufacturing a wafer level fan-out package, comprising:placing a chip and a base substrate against each other with an active surface of the chip facing the base substrate;
encapsulating the chip by forming an encapsulant on the base substrate;
removing the base substrate to expose the active surface of the chip and a surface of the encapsulant laterally adjacent to the chip;
forming a wiring structure on the active surface of the chip and on the surface of the encapsulant adjacent to the chip; and
subsequently mounting a passive electronic component on and electrically connecting the passive electronic component to the wiring structure,
wherein a recess is formed in the surface of the encapsulant laterally adjacent to the chip such that the recess is defined to one side of the chip in a direction parallel to said surface of the encapsulant, and
the passive electronic component is set within the recess such that the passive electronic component is disposed to said one side of the chip in the direction parallel to said surface of the encapsulant.

US Pat. No. 10,461,042

SEMICONDUCTOR MODULE

SHINDENGEN ELECTRIC MANUF...

1. A semiconductor module comprising:a first substrate having a first insulating substrate and a first conductor layer which is formed on one-surface side of the first insulating substrate;
a power device part having a first electrode on one surface thereof and a second electrode and a gate electrode on the other surface thereof, and having the first electrode electrically connected to the first conductor layer;
a second substrate having a second insulating substrate, a second conductor layer formed on one-surface side of the second insulating substrate and a third conductor layer formed on the other surface of the second insulating substrate, wherein a hole is formed in the second insulating substrate at a position corresponding to a position of the gate electrode, the second conductor layer has a bonding portion bonded to the second electrode and a surrounding wall portion having an L shape formed at a position which surrounds the bonding portion as viewed in a plan view in a state where an upper end surface of the surrounding wall portion projects from a bonding surface between the second electrode and the bonding portion, and the second substrate is brought into contact with the first substrate by way of the surrounding wall portion;
an inner resin portion made of a resin and disposed in a space defined by the surrounding wall portion and sandwiched between the first insulating substrate and the second insulating substrate;
a control IC disposed on the third conductor layer; and
an outer resin portion made of a resin and disposed on the one surface side of the first substrate so as to cover the second substrate and the control IC, wherein
the first substrate, the power device part, the second substrate and the control IC are stacked in this order, wherein
a connecting member is disposed inside the hole formed in the second insulating substrate, and
the gate electrode is electrically connected to a control signal output terminal of the control IC through the connecting member.

US Pat. No. 10,461,024

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a laminated substrate including an insulating substrate and a circuit board provided on a main surface of the insulating substrate, the circuit board including a first circuit pattern;
a hollow case provided on an outer edge of the laminated substrate, the laminated substrate being surrounded by the hollow case in a plan view of the semiconductor device;
a first lead frame having a first end soldered directly to the first circuit pattern, and another end provided outside the case, the first lead frame extending through the case such that the first end is located inward of an inside surface of the case and the second end is located outward of an outside surface of the case; and
a semiconductor element soldered directly to the first lead frame inside the case.

US Pat. No. 10,461,023

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGES AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A semiconductor package, comprising:a chip;
a redistribution circuit structure, disposed over and electrically connected to the chip and comprising a topmost conductive pattern;
a under-ball metallurgy (UBM) pattern disposed over and electrically connected to the topmost conductive pattern, wherein the UBM pattern comprises a set of vias and a pad on the set of vias, wherein the vias are arranged in an array and electrically connected to the pad and the topmost conductive pattern;
a passive component mounted to the redistribution circuit structure through the UBM pattern; and
a solder region between the UBM pattern and the passive component.

US Pat. No. 10,461,018

INTEGRATED MULTI-CHAMBER HEAT EXCHANGER

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. A method of cooling a component with a heat exchanger configured to provide multi-mode cooling, the method comprising:arranging the heat exchanger adjacent to the component, wherein the heat exchanger comprises a first inlet, a first outlet, a second inlet, a second outlet, and a plurality of channels, wherein the plurality of channels includes a first set of channels configured to provide cooling in a first cooling mode using a first coolant medium and a second set of channels configured to provide cooling in a second cooling mode using a second coolant medium having different thermal properties than the first coolant medium;
circulating the first coolant medium through the first set of channels such that the first coolant medium flows between the first inlet and the first outlet; and
circulating the second coolant medium through the second set of channels such that the second coolant medium flows between the second inlet and the second outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,461,000

SEMICONDUCTOR WAFER AND METHOD OF PROBE TESTING

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method of making a semiconductor device, comprising:providing a semiconductor wafer;
providing a wafer holder including a tape portion with an opening through the tape portion;
mounting the semiconductor wafer over the opening in the tape portion of the wafer holder; and
providing an electrical connection to the semiconductor wafer through the opening in the tape portion during probe test.

US Pat. No. 10,460,997

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, comprising:providing a semiconductor substrate, wherein the semiconductor substrate comprises at least one fin structure;
forming a patterned mask layer on the fin structure, wherein the patterned mask layer comprises an opening corresponding to a part of the fin structure in a vertical direction;
performing an etching process with the patterned mask layer as a mask for forming a trench in the fin structure;
performing a pullback process to the patterned mask layer for enlarging the opening of the patterned mask layer; and
forming an isolation structure in the trench and the enlarged opening of the patterned mask layer.

US Pat. No. 10,460,984

METHOD FOR FABRICATING ELECTRODE AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A method for fabricating an electrode, comprising:forming an insulating layer over a first conductive layer, wherein the first conductive layer contains a metal element;
forming a mask layer over the insulating layer;
forming an opening in the insulating layer, wherein the opening is formed by etching the insulating layer using plasma and the mask layer as a mask;
performing plasma treatment on at least the opening, wherein the plasma treatment is performed in an atmosphere containing oxygen;
removing an oxide comprising the metal element formed in the opening; and
forming a second conductive layer in the opening,
wherein the oxide is removed by washing treatment using a liquid in the removing step,
wherein the washing treatment comprises three or more cycles of first to fourth steps,
wherein the first step is to supply water so that a washing bath overflows while bubbling the water in the washing bath with the use of a nitrogen gas,
wherein the second step is to drain the water from the washing bath while supplying water from a shower to the washing bath,
wherein the third step is to supply water in the washing bath, and
wherein the fourth step is to supply water so that the washing bath overflows while bubbling the water in the washing bath with the use of a nitrogen gas.

US Pat. No. 10,460,975

VACUUM CHUCK, BEVELING/POLISHING DEVICE, AND SILICON WAFER BEVELING/POLISHING METHOD

SUMCO CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A vacuum chuck comprising:a vacuum chuck stage comprising a circular vacuum surface;
a vacuum protection pad provided to the vacuum surface;
an annular or arc-shaped concave portion dividing the vacuum surface into a central region located closer to a center of the vacuum surface and an outer circumferential region located on an outer circumferential side; and
radially-extending concave portions formed in the central region, wherein
the vacuum protection pad has through holes in communication with the radially-extending concave portions, and
the vacuum protection pad is bonded to the vacuum surface at the central region excluding the radially-extending concave portions and is unbonded to the vacuum surface in the outer circumferential region.

US Pat. No. 10,460,960

GAS PANEL APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REDUCING EXHAUST REQUIREMENTS

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. An apparatus for delivering gases, comprising:a gas stick to deliver to at least a portion of the apparatus at least one gas to be delivered by the apparatus;
a purge module including a purge stick and a plurality of diffusers to distribute an inert gas in at least one portion of the apparatus in which a gas to be delivered by the apparatus is present;
at least one pressure sensor to detect leaks in the apparatus; and
a controller, the controller including a processor and a memory coupled to the processor, the memory having stored therein instructions executable by the processor to configure the controller to:
communicate a signal to cause the purge module to distribute the inert gas in the at least one interior portion of the apparatus;
monitor for leaks in the at least one interior portion of the apparatus using signals received from the at least one pressure sensor; and
in response to a detected leak, communicate a signal to cause the purge module to increase the distribution of the inert gas in at least the portion of the apparatus in which the leak was detected.

US Pat. No. 10,460,944

FULLY DEPLETED SEMICONDUCTOR ON INSULATOR TRANSISTOR WITH ENHANCED BACK BIASING TUNABILITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:forming a fully depleted semiconductor on insulator device, comprising:
forming a buried dielectric layer over a substrate;
forming a partial structure in which a semiconductor layer is coupled to and over the buried dielectric layer, and a gate structure is coupled to and over the semiconductor layer; and
flipping the partial structure into a flipped orientation with the buried dielectric layer over the semiconductor layer and the semiconductor layer over the gate structure, and removing the substrate to expose buried dielectric layer;
in the flipped orientation, forming a back-gate stack coupled to the buried dielectric layer, comprising forming a back-gate conductor layer of the back-gate stack coupled to and over the buried dielectric layer, forming a ferroelectric material layer coupled to and over the back-gate conductor layer, and forming a back-gate contact layer coupled to and over the ferroelectric material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,460,940

MASK FORMATION BY SELECTIVELY REMOVING PORTIONS OF A LAYER THAT HAVE NOT BEEN IMPLANTED

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method for semiconductor processing, the method comprising:forming a dielectric layer over a substrate; and
forming a mask over the dielectric layer, forming the mask comprising:
depositing a first layer over the dielectric layer;
implanting in a first implant process a dopant species through a patterned material and into the first layer at a first energy;
after implanting in the first implant process, implanting in a second implant process the dopant species through the patterned material and into the first layer at a second energy greater than the first energy; and
forming mask portions of the mask comprising selectively removing portions of the first layer that are not implanted with the dopant species.

US Pat. No. 10,460,938

METHOD FOR PATTERNING A SUBSTRATE USING A LAYER WITH MULTIPLE MATERIALS

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A method of patterning a substrate, the method comprising:forming mandrels on a target layer of a substrate, the mandrels being comprised of at least two layers of material, the mandrels including a bottom layer comprised of a first material, and a top layer comprised of a second material different than the first material, the target layer being comprised of a fifth material;
forming sidewall spacers on sidewalls of the mandrels, the sidewall spacers comprised of a third material;
depositing a fill material on the substrate that at least partially fills open spaces defined between the sidewall spacers, the fill material being comprised of a fourth material, wherein the first material, the third material and the fourth material have different etch resistivities compared to each other for one or more particular etch chemistries;
forming a mask on the fill material, the mask defining one or more openings providing uncovered portions of the fill material;
executing an etch process that (i) etches the one or more uncovered portions of the fill material to provide one or more uncovered portions of the top layer of the mandrels, and that (ii) etches the one or more uncovered portions of the top layer of the mandrels, and
subsequent to executing the etch process, executing a chemical-mechanical polishing step that uses the bottom layer of the mandrels as a planarization stop material layer, the chemical-mechanical polishing step removing the third material above a top surface of the bottom layer of the mandrels; and
etching the target layer using the bottom layer and the fill material as a combined etch mask.

US Pat. No. 10,460,935

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING TWO-DIMENSIONAL (2D) MATERIAL LAYER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE BY INKJET PRINTING

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of manufacturing an electronic device, the method comprising:forming by inkjet printing a two-dimensional (2D) material layer on a substrate, the 2D material layer including a plurality of 2D nanomaterials that have semiconductor characteristics and at least some of the plurality of 2D nanomaterials overlap one another, wherein the plurality of 2D nanomaterials are planar in shape, and each of the plurality of 2D nanomaterials include one of a transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD), phosphorene, germanane, or silicene; and
forming a first electrode and a second electrode that are connected to the 2D material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,460,927

METHODS OF FABRICATING A SIOCN LAYER USING A FIRST AND SECOND CARBON PRECURSOR, THE FIRST CARBON PRECURSOR BEING DIFFERENT FROM THE SECOND CARBON PRECURSOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of forming a SiOCN material layer, the method comprising:providing a substrate;
providing a silicon precursor onto the substrate;
providing an oxygen reactant onto the substrate;
providing a first carbon precursor onto the substrate;
providing a second carbon precursor onto the substrate; and
providing a nitrogen reactant onto the substrate,
wherein the first carbon precursor and the second carbon precursor are different materials, and
wherein:
the nitrogen reactant and the second carbon precursor are the same material, the silicon precursor and the first carbon precursor include the same material, providing the silicon precursor and providing the first carbon precursor are performed simultaneously, and providing the nitrogen reactant and providing the second carbon precursor are performed simultaneously, or
the silicon precursor and the second carbon precursor are the same material, and providing the silicon precursor and providing the second carbon precursor are performed simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,460,921

HIGH LATERAL TO VERTICAL RATIO ETCH PROCESS FOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A system to manufacture an electronic device, comprising:a non-transitory machine-readable storage medium containing instructions which when executed by the system cause the system to perform operations, comprising:
etching a layer stack over a substrate using a photoresist pattern deposited on the layer stack as a first mask,
curing the photoresist pattern, wherein the curing comprises forming a hardened crust layer on a top portion of the photoresist pattern using an ultraviolet light produced by a plasma with the photoresist pattern exposed directly to the plasma without etching the photoresist pattern, wherein the plasma is generated from a process gas comprising a gas selected from a group consisting of C4F6, C4F8, SF6, CF4, and SO2,
slimming the cured photoresist pattern, and
etching the layer stack using the slimmed photoresist pattern as a second mask, wherein the curing and the etching are performed in the same plasma etch chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,460,914

FERRITE CAGE RF ISOLATOR FOR POWER CIRCUITRY

LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION,...

1. Apparatus for providing isolated power to a component of a plasma processing chamber that also is subject to a plurality of RF signals, the plurality of RF signals including at least a first RF signal having a first RF frequency, the apparatus comprising:first and second coils; and
a ferrite cage that surrounds said first and second coils, said ferrite cage comprising:
a first dielectric disc supporting said first coil;
a second dielectric disc supporting said second coil;
first and second pluralities of ferrite pieces disposed on a side of said first dielectric disc facing away from said second dielectric disc;
third and fourth pluralities of ferrite pieces disposed on a side of said second dielectric disc facing away from said first dielectric disc;
the first through fourth pluralities of ferrite pieces being arranged such that the first and second dielectric discs and the first and second coils are inside the first through fourth pluralities of ferrite pieces;
a fifth plurality of ferrite pieces to connect respective ones of the first and second pluralities of ferrite pieces to the third and fourth pluralities of ferrite pieces;
said fifth plurality of ferrite pieces to separate said first and second dielectric discs so that the first and second coils are spaced apart by a predetermined distance; and
said first coil to receive an input voltage signal and said second coil to provide an isolated power signal.

US Pat. No. 10,460,900

X-RAY TUBE DEVICE AND X-RAY CT APPARATUS

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. An X-ray tube device comprising:an anode that is irradiated with an electron beam, thereby emitting X-rays;
a rotary bearing that rotatably supports the anode;
a solid lubrication film which is formed on a front surface of the rotary bearing so as to be mixed with a ferromagnet; and
an attractor that attracts, with a magnetic force, the solid lubrication film that peels off the rotary bearing;
wherein the attractor contains a permanent magnet and the permanent magnet is disposed at a position having a temperature that does not exceed the Curie temperature of the permanent magnet; and
wherein the attractor contains a ferromagnet that is disposed to be in contact with the permanent magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,460,893

EMBEDDED POLE PART FOR MEDIUM OR HIGH VOLTAGE USE, WITH A VACUUM INTERRUPTER WHICH IS EMBEDDED INTO AN INSULATING RESIN

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. An embedded pole part for medium or high voltage use, the part comprising:a vacuum interrupter which is embedded into an insulating resin;
a current and/or voltage sensor including a sensor housing, integrated inside the insulating resin, arranged rotationally symmetrically around a conductor of the pole part, the sensor housing having an outer circumference;
a metal grid, implemented into the insulating resin and around the outer circumference of the sensor housing.

US Pat. No. 10,460,892

SINGULATED KEYBOARD ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS FOR ASSEMBLING A KEYBOARD

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A keyboard assembly, comprising:a feature plate;
a key assembly including a key mechanism and a keycap, the key mechanism being coupled to the keycap and facilitating translation of the keycap in response to a user input, the key mechanism defining an opening and including a protrusion extending into the opening;
a chassis affixed to the feature plate, the chassis comprising a key assembly retaining feature, the protrusion of the key mechanism being coupled to the key assembly retaining feature.

US Pat. No. 10,460,888

DEFEATER ASSEMBLY

1. A cable operated mechanical defeater, said cable operated mechanical defeater comprising in combination:A. a rod assembly, said rod assembly comprising:
a. a first rod guide, said rod guide comprising a first flat plate having a first edge, said first edge containing a top perpendicular tab with a centered opening, a middle perpendicular tab with a centered opening, and a bottom perpendicular tab with a centered opening;
b. a top rod, said top rod comprising a first L-shape, with a foot of said first L-shape perpendicular to said first flat plate said top rod having a top end and a bottom end;
c. a top extension spring, said top extension spring being attached by a first end to said top of said top rod, an opposite end of said top extension spring being releasably attached to said top perpendicular tab;
d. a bottom extension spring, said bottom extension spring being attached to said bottom of said top rod by a first end and said bottom extension spring being attached to a cable at a second end, a first end of said cable being attached to a top arm of a cam lever assembly;
B. said cam lever assembly comprising
a. a base mounting bracket comprising a second L-shaped flat plate having a first edge and a second edge, said first edge having two openings therethrough for insertion of machine screws and said second edge having a middle slot therein;
b. an adjustable mounting bracket comprising a moveable first flat plate, said first flat plate mounted on said base mounting bracket by bolts, said base mounting bracket having a top edge and a bottom edge, a first side edge and a second side edge, said adjustable mounting bracket having two perpendicular tabs at said first side edge, and at least two slotted openings in said second side edge, a stop plate centered in said first flat plate, and a mounting post projecting perpendicular to said adjustable mounting bracket, near said second side edge;
c. rotatably mounted on said mounting post, a cam lever, said cam lever having a first end and a second end, there being a pivot arm rotatably mounted on said second end, said cam lever first end having a defeater striker integrally mounted thereon;
C. an adjustable hook, said adjustable hook having
a. an adjustable hook mounting bracket, said adjustable hook mounting bracket being a third L-shaped flat plate having a first panel and a second panel, said first panel having at least two separated, elongated slots near a top edge and near a bottom edge, and said adjustable hook mounting bracket having an elongated slot near an edge of said second panel,
b. a disconnect hook, said disconnect hook being mounted on the L of said second L-shaped plate;
c. a defeater, said defeater attachable to a latch of a disconnect operating handle.

US Pat. No. 10,460,885

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, AND ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS AND GUARD MEMBER THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A guard member for an electrical switching apparatus of an electrical system, said electrical system comprising at least one electrical conductor, said electrical switching apparatus being structured to move from a CLOSED position to an OPEN position in response to a trip condition, said electrical switching apparatus comprising at least one terminal end coupled to said at least one electrical conductor, said guard member comprising:a body comprising:
a receiving portion comprising a first wall portion and a tubular portion extending outwardly from said first wall portion, said tubular portion being structured to receive said at least one electrical conductor, and
a second wall portion extending from said first wall portion and being structured to be coupled to said at least one terminal end,
wherein said second wall portion has a plurality of thru holes in order to dissipate heat generated by said electrical switching apparatus moving from the CLOSED position to the OPEN position.

US Pat. No. 10,460,878

MULTILAYER CAPACITOR

Palo Alto Research Center...

1. A capacitor device, comprising:a plurality of capacitors arranged into a shape, each capacitor of the plurality of capacitors having a first external electrode on a first side of the capacitor and a second external electrode on a second side of the capacitor opposing the first side;
a first plate proximate and electrically coupled to the first external electrodes of the capacitors; and
a second plate proximate and electrically coupled to the second external electrodes of the capacitors, each of the first plate and the second plate comprising:
a substrate comprising one of a semiconducting material and an insulating material, the substrate having a first side facing towards the first and second external electrodes and a second side facing away from the first and second external electrodes; and
a metal layer disposed on the first side of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,460,866

REPLACEMENT TRANSFORMER WITH MODULAR CONSTRUCTION

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A configuration for replacing a multiphase transformer, the configuration comprising:a plurality of single-phase transformers each including a housing filled with an insulating fluid and a core having a higher-voltage and a lower-voltage winding disposed in said housing;
at least one bushing socket connected by a winding connection lead extending within said housing to said higher-voltage or lower-voltage winding, said at least one bushing socket connected to the winding connection lead at an end adjacent to the insulating fluid;
at least one high-voltage bushing being insertable into said at least one bushing socket, said bushing socket being complementary in shape to an insertion end of the high-voltage bushings; and
a cooling module for cooling the insulating fluid, the cooling module detachably connected to said housing and being filled with the insulating fluid, said cooling module configured to hold said insulating fluid in said cooling module even when said cooling module is detached from said housing.

US Pat. No. 10,460,865

INDUCTOR ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An inductor assembly comprising:a flat conductor;
a core having a pair of axially oriented elements, the elements including a post defining an axial aperture therethrough and more than two projections extending axially from a base, the projections being radially spaced from the post and angularly spaced apart to define openings between the projections and configured to receive and direct a splashed fluid toward the conductor disposed in a single layer over the post;
a pair of insulated bobbins, disposed between the conductor and the posts, each having radial flanges at an end configured to be received in the openings; and
a bolt extending through the aperture and fastened to a transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,460,855

FLEXIBLE FLAT ROUND CONDUCTIVE CABLE AND SEGMENTAL CALENDERING DEVICE FOR FLEXIBLE FLAT CABLE

1. A flexible flat round cable, comprising:a plurality of cables, including:
a plurality of round regions each having a first distance with a first electrical clearance between every two neighboring cables therein; and
a plurality of flat regions each having a second distance with a second electrical clearance between every two neighboring cables, wherein the first distance and the second distance are different, and the first electrical clearance is greater than the second electrical clearance;
wherein the plurality of cables are parallelly arranged, and an insulation film is disposed on a surface of the plurality of cables; and
wherein the plurality of flat and round regions are alternately arranged in form of one by one cycle in longitudinal direction, and the plurality of flat regions are molded by a segmental calendering device through a sub rolling method.

US Pat. No. 10,460,854

SUPERCONDUCTING WIRE

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. A superconducting wire comprising:a multilayer stack including a substrate having a main surface, and a superconducting material layer formed on the main surface; and
a covering layer disposed on at least the superconducting material layer,
the covering layer located on the superconducting material layer having a front surface portion in a concave shape.

US Pat. No. 10,460,853

POWER CABLE AND BUS BAR WITH TRANSITIONAL CROSS SECTIONS

Flex-Cable, Howard City,...

1. A cable assembly comprising:a continuous electrical conductor formed of multi-strands of an electrically conductive material;
a first section of said continuous electrical conductor in which said multi-strands of electrical conductor material are twisted and together form a circular or oval cross section;
a third section of said continuous electrical conductor in which said multi-strands of electrical conductor material are untwisted and individually flattened and together form a square or rectangular cross section; and
a second section of said continuous electrical conductor forming a transitional area in which the cross section of said continuous electrical conductor changes from the circular or oval cross section of said first section to the square or rectangular cross section of said third section.

US Pat. No. 10,460,848

DEVICE FOR SUSPENDING AN X-RAY GRID, ARRANGEMENT WITH AN X-RAY GRID AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN X-RAY GRID

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A device for suspending an x-ray grid, the device comprising:a first rotating frame configured to support the x-ray grid therein or thereon; and
two first flexible hinge elements connected to said first rotating frame and mounting said first rotating frame for reversible rotation about a first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,460,821

AREA EFFICIENT PARALLEL TEST DATA PATH FOR EMBEDDED MEMORIES

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A system comprising:a first group of memories;
a controller to generate a test data pattern to be applied to at least the first group of memories;
a first group of comparators, each of which is associated with a respective memory of the first group of memories; and
a first delay response generator including an input to receive the test data pattern from the controller and an output to output a first expected data response corresponding to the test data pattern to the first group of comparators after a first delay, wherein the output of the first delay response generator is coupled in common to a respective input of each comparator of the first group of comparators so that the first expected data response is applied to all comparators of the first group of comparators via the output of the first delay response generator in response to the output of the first delay response generator outputting the first expected data response.

US Pat. No. 10,460,809

MEMORY SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. An operating method of a memory system that includes a plural-level cell memory block capable of storing N-bit data in a single memory cell, comprising:accessing a plural-level cell memory block in an N-bit cell mode;
determining a degree of disturbance of the plural-level cell memory block;
designating one or more memory cells in an erase state included in an open memory area of the plural-level cell memory block as an M-bit group, where M is an integer smaller than N, according to a result of the determination; and
accessing the M-bit group in an M-bit cell mode.

US Pat. No. 10,460,805

SEMICONDUCTOR CIRCUIT, METHOD OF DRIVING SEMICONDUCTOR CIRCUIT, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A semiconductor circuit, comprising:a first circuit that is able to generate, on a basis of a voltage in a first node, an inverted voltage of the voltage and to apply the inverted voltage to a second node;
a second circuit that is able to generate, on a basis of a voltage in the second node, an inverted voltage of the voltage and to apply the inverted voltage to the first node;
a first transistor that couples the first node to a third node when in an on state;
a second transistor that supplies a first direct-current voltage to the third node when in an on state;
a third transistor that includes a drain or a source to be coupled to the third node and that includes a gate coupled to the first node or the second node; and
a first storage element that includes a first terminal coupled to the third node and is able to take a first resistance state or a second resistance state,
the first circuit and the second circuit being configured to cause the voltage in the first node to easily become a predetermined initial voltage after application of power.

US Pat. No. 10,460,802

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR EFFICIENT WRITE IN A CROSS-POINT ARRAY

Ovonyx Memory Technology,...

9. An apparatus, comprising:a memory cell having a first node and a second node;
a first voltage source;
a second voltage source different than the first voltage source; and
a circuit configured to:
bias the first node of the memory cell using the first voltage source;
detect, while the first node is biased using the first voltage source, a transition of the memory cell from a first state to a second state that has a lower resistance than the first state; and
access the memory cell based at least in part on the detected transition, wherein the accessing comprises biasing the first node of the memory cell using the second voltage source.

US Pat. No. 10,460,785

PARALLEL WRITE SCHEME UTILIZING SPIN HALL EFFECT-ASSISTED SPIN TRANSFER TORQUE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus comprising:a magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM), comprising:
a heavy metal layer coupled to a source line; and
a plurality of bit cells coupled to a word line, and a plurality of bit lines, and the heavy metal layer, such that the heavy metal layer is a continuous layer coupling the bit cells to the source line, wherein each of the bit cells comprises a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) and a transistor, a gate of the transistor being coupled to the word line, and at least one of a source or a drain of the transistor being coupled to the MTJ or at least one of the bit lines; and
a controller coupled to the MRAM and configured to:
apply a first voltage to at least a portion of the heavy metal layer and a second voltage lower than the first voltage at another portion of the heavy metal layer during a first phase; and
apply a third voltage to the heavy metal layer during a second phase, the third voltage being between the first voltage and the second voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,460,783

MAGNETIC STORAGE DEVICE

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A magnetic storage device comprising:a magnetic wire including a linear magnetic body having first and second magnetic domains whose magnetization directions are variable;
a magnetoresistance element having a first resistance according to the magnetization direction of the first magnetic domain or a second resistance according to the magnetization direction of the second magnetic domain; and
a read circuit that compares the first resistance of the magnetoresistance element with the second resistance of the magnetoresistance element,
wherein the read circuit outputs first data when the first resistance and the second resistance correspond to the same low or high resistance state and outputs second data when the first resistance and the second resistance correspond to different low/high resistance states.

US Pat. No. 10,460,778

PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION MEMORY CELLS HAVING SHARED SOURCE CONTACTS

SPIN MEMORY, INC., Fremo...

1. A magnetic device, comprising:a plurality of perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction (p-MTJ) cells, each p-MTJ cell having a transistor and a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) sensor, wherein each of the transistors includes a drain terminal, a source terminal, and a gate terminal, wherein each of the p-MTJ cells has a cylindrical shape;
a first common word line coupled to the gate terminal of each transistor in a first subset of the plurality of p-MTJ cells;
a first common bit line coupled to a first end of each MTJ sensor in a second subset of the plurality of p-MTJ cells, wherein a second end of each of the MTJ sensors in the second subset is coupled to the source terminal of each respective transistor in the second subset; and
a first common source line coupled to the drain terminal of each transistor in the first subset.

US Pat. No. 10,460,776

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND READING METHOD FOR THE SAME

WINBOND ELECTRONICS CORP....

1. A semiconductor memory device comprising:a column selection circuit selecting n-bit data from data read from a memory cell array according to a column selection signal and outputting the selected n-bit data to an n-bit data bus;
a sensing circuit sensing the n-bit data on the n-bit data bus in response to an activation signal;
an output circuit selecting m-bit data from the n-bit data sensed by the sensing circuit in response to an internal clock signal synchronized with a serial clock signal applied from outside and outputting the selected m-bit data from output terminals; and
a verification circuit comparing the data n-bit sensed by the sensing circuit with the m-bit data output by the output circuit to verify correctness of read-out data,
wherein m is an integer which is equal to 1 or larger than 1 and n?m, and the internal clock signal having n/m cycles is generated in one cycle of the activation signal.

US Pat. No. 10,460,758

DISK CLAMPING MECHANISM INCLUDING ANNULAR RING MEMBER

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A disk drive assembly comprising:a spindle motor comprising a hub and a central axis;
a disk stack comprising at least one disk, each disk comprising a central opening positioned on the hub and concentric about the central axis;
an annular ring member concentric about the central axis, the annular ring member comprising:
a first portion and a second portion extending from an apex at their respective proximal ends, the first portion and second portion each comprising a distal end spaced from its proximal end;
wherein the annular ring member is positioned so that the apex is closer than the distal ends of the first and second portions to an outer surface of the hub; and
wherein the first portion of the ring member is in contact with an outer surface of a top disk of the disk stack; and
a disk clamp ring screw adjacent to and in contact with a second portion of the annular ring member, wherein the disk clamp ring screw provides a clamping force that at least partially compresses the second portion of the annular ring member toward the first portion of the annular ring member and toward the top disk of the disk stack.

US Pat. No. 10,460,755

PERPENDICULAR RECORDING MEDIUM WITH OXIDE GRADIENT LAYER

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a substrate;
a recording layer supported by the substrate and comprising a granular magnetic recording layer, a continuous magnetic recording layer, and an oxide gradient layer, the granular magnetic recording layer comprising a first material having a first oxide content, and the oxide gradient layer disposed between the respective granular magnetic recording layer and the continuous magnetic recording layer, the oxide gradient layer comprising a third material having a second oxide content that is greater than zero and less than the first oxide content; and
a non-magnetic grain boundary continuously extending from the granular magnetic recording layer through the oxide gradient layer into, but not completely through, the continuous magnetic recording layer, the continuous magnetic recording layer comprising a second material having nominally no oxide content other than the non-magnetic grain boundary.

US Pat. No. 10,460,740

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ADJUSTING A LEVEL OF AN AUDIO SIGNAL

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

1. A method performed in an audio decoder for reconstructing N audio channels from an audio signal having M audio channels, the method comprising:receiving a bitstream containing the M audio channels and a set of spatial parameters, wherein the set of spatial parameters includes an amplitude parameter, a correlation parameter, wherein the amplitude parameter is differentially encoded across time;
decoding the M encoded audio channels, wherein each audio channel is divided into a plurality of frequency bands, and each frequency band includes one or more spectral components;
extracting the set of spatial parameters from the bitstream;
applying a differential decoding process across time to the differentially encoded amplitude parameter to obtain a differentially decoded amplitude parameter;
analyzing the M audio channels to detect a location of a transient, wherein the location of the transient is detected based on a filtering operation;
decorrelating the M audio channels to obtain a decorrelated version of the M audio channels, wherein a first decorrelation technique is applied to a first subset of the plurality of frequency bands of each audio channel and a second decorrelation technique is applied to a second subset of the plurality of frequency bands of each audio channel;
deriving N audio channels from the M audio channels, the decorrelated version of the M audio channels, and the set of spatial parameters, wherein N is two or more, M is one or more, and M is less than N; and
synthesizing, by an audio reproduction device, the N audio channels as an output audio signal,
wherein both the analyzing and the decorrelating are performed in a frequency domain, the first decorrelation technique represents a first mode of operation of a decorrelator, the second decorrelation technique represents a second mode of operation of the decorrelator, and the audio decoder is implemented at least in part in hardware.

US Pat. No. 10,460,738

ENCODING APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING AN INPUT SIGNAL AND DECODING APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING AN ENCODED SIGNAL

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An encoding apparatus for processing an input signal, comprising:a perceptual weighter; and
a quantizer,
wherein the perceptual weighter comprises a model provider and a model applicator, wherein the model provider is configured for providing a perceptually weighted model based on the input signal, and wherein the model applicator is configured for providing a perceptually weighted spectrum by applying the perceptually weighted model to a spectrum based on the input signal, and
wherein the quantizer is configured to quantize the perceptually weighted spectrum and for providing a bitstream, wherein the quantizer comprises a random matrix applicator and a sign function calculator, wherein the random matrix applicator is configured for applying a random matrix to the perceptually weighted spectrum in order to provide a transformed spectrum, and wherein the sign function calculator is configured for calculating a sign function of components of the transformed spectrum in order to provide the bitstream.

US Pat. No. 10,460,730

ANNOUNCEMENT SIGNALING ON BOARD AN AIRCRAFT

AIRBUS OPERATIONS GMBH, ...

1. A method of signaling speech signal related text messages on board an aircraft, wherein the method comprises:providing a speech signal related to an announcement to passengers of the aircraft;
obtaining a text message containing text corresponding to spoken words of the speech signal by applying speech recognition to the speech signal;
determining one or more mobile devices to which the text message is to be signaled as recipients of the text message; and
signaling the text message to the one or more mobile devices determined as the recipients of the text message on board the aircraft by transmitting the text message in multicast,
wherein the step of determining the one or more mobile devices comprises
determining one or more of the mobile devices on which a respective application is installed;
wherein the method is carried out by an apparatus on board the aircraft; and
wherein said providing a speech signal comprises generating the speech signal in real time on board the aircraft;
wherein the one or more mobile devices determined as the recipients of the text message are brought on board the aircraft by the passengers of the aircraft,
wherein the method comprises detecting a preferred language for each of the one or more mobile devices determined as recipients of the text message based on information related to the respective mobile device and the step of signaling comprises transmitting the text message containing text in the detected preferred language;
wherein said information related to the respective mobile device that is used to detect the preferred language comprises at least one of:
information about a Subscriber Identity Module, SIM, card of the respective mobile device;
information about a telephone number of the respective mobile device; or
information about an operating system running on the respective mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,460,726

LANGUAGE PROCESSING METHOD AND APPARATUS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

22. A language processing apparatus, comprising:a processor configured to:
generate, using an encoder, a first feature vector representing an input word based on an input sequence of first characters of alphabet letters included in the input word;
generate a second feature vector representing a predicted word, associated with the input word, based on the first feature vector using a language model, the first feature vector being output from the encoder and input to the language model; and
generate, using a decoder, an output sequence of second characters included in the predicted word based on the second feature vector.

US Pat. No. 10,460,722

ACOUSTIC TRIGGER DETECTION

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method for selective transmission of sampled audio data to a speech processing server according to detection of an acoustic trigger being represented in the audio data, the method comprising:receiving sampled audio data based on an acoustic signal acquired at one or more microphones in an acoustic environment;
processing the sampled audio data to locate instances of the acoustic trigger in the acoustic signal, the processing of the sampled audio data including
computing a sequence of feature vectors from the sampled audio data, each feature vector in the sequence being associated with a time in the acoustic signal and representing spectral characteristics of the acoustic signal in a vicinity of said time,
for each time of a succession of times, assembling a set of feature vectors each corresponding to a time offset at predetermined offset from said time, providing the set of feature vectors as an input to an artificial neural network, and computing an output from the neural network corresponding to said time, and
processing the outputs from the neural network for the succession of times to determine time locations corresponding to occurrences of the trigger in the acoustic signal;
selecting portions of the sampled audio data for transmission to the speech processing server according to locations of the located instances of the trigger;
transmitting the selected portions of the sampled audio data to the speech processing server;
wherein computing the output of the neural network includes performing a series of data transformations, multiple of the data transformations each including
forming an input to the transformation as a combination of an output from a prior transformation in the series and one or more time delayed outputs from the prior transformations, the input having a number of input data elements,
computing intermediate data elements from the input data elements as a linear transformation of the input data elements, the intermediate data elements having a number of intermediate elements smaller than the number of input data elements, and
determining output elements of the data transformation as a linear transformation of the intermediate data elements followed by an element-wise non-linear transformation, the output elements having a number of output elements greater than the number of intermediate elements.

US Pat. No. 10,460,720

GENERATION OF LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A method for providing language understanding on a computer, comprising:receiving an utterance;
building, by the computer, two separate models in isolation from one another, the building of the two separate models comprising:
building a user intent detection model based on a user intent determined from the received utterance, the user intent detection model for determining a user intent in a subsequent utterance, wherein the user intent detection model is updateable via interactive learning to identify an unlabeled user intent associated with functionality within an associated application;
building an entity extraction model based on one or more language entities determined from the received utterance, the entity extraction model for determining one or more language entities in the subsequent utterance, wherein the entity extraction model is updateable via interactive learning to identify unlabeled language entities associated with functionality within the associated application;
automatically generating labeling for the user intent and the one or more language entities determined from the received utterance;
building a function call for calling a function in the associated application from the automatically generated labeling;
wherein in response to receiving the subsequent utterance:
the user intent detection model and the entity extraction model are applied against the subsequent utterance to identify, based on the automatically generated labeling for the subsequent utterance, the function call;
the function call is passed to the associated application to execute the function on the computer; and
the function is executed by the associated application on the computer.

US Pat. No. 10,460,706

INTEGRATED REED PROTECTION AND STORAGE METHODS AND SYSTEMS

MUSICALLY OVERJOYED, LLC,...

1. An integrated reed protection and storage system comprising:a controlled solution container;
a sponge material positionable within the container;
at least one reed holder positionable around the sponge material; and
at least one reed, the at least one reed positionable on the at least one reed holder wherein the at least one reed is configured to contact a surface of the sponge material.

US Pat. No. 10,460,705

PICK GRIPPING SYSTEM

1. A pick gripping system comprising:a bottom surface formed on a body, the body having a left side, a right side, a proximal end, and a distal end;
an intermediate surface formed on the body; and
a top surface formed on the body, the top surface coupled to the intermediate surface with upward extending sides therebetween, the upward extending sides and the top surface forming a first lateral ridge extended from the left side of the body to the right side of the body, the upward extending sides and the top surface forming a second lateral ridge extended from the left side of the body to the right side of the body, and the first lateral ridge and the second lateral ridge forming a thumb recess therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,460,702

DISPLAY PIXEL OVERDRIVE SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device with a display, the electronic device comprising:a frame buffer configured to store a compressed display frame that is a preceding display frame to a current display frame;
a threshold engine configured to determine whether to perform an overdrive operation for the current display frame based on a compression error for the compressed preceding display frame and based on a comparison of an averaged version of the current display frame that is an original uncompressed version to a decompressed version of the compressed preceding display frame; and
a boost engine configured to generate, if it is determined by the threshold engine that the overdrive operation is to be performed for the current display frame, an overdriven output frame by applying a boost value to the current display frame that is an original uncompressed version, wherein the boost value is based on a comparison of the current display frame that is an original uncompressed version to the decompressed version of the compressed preceding display frame.

US Pat. No. 10,460,687

DISPLAY PANEL AND GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT THEREOF

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A gate driving circuit, wherein the gate driving circuit comprises a plurality of stages of gate driving units, and each stage of gate driving unit comprises:a first pulling control circuit, configured for outputting a first pulling control signal at a first node;
a first pulling circuit, coupled to the first node and configured for receiving a first clock signal and generating a gate driving signal according to the first pulling control signal and the first clock signal, and having a gate driving signal output terminal for outputting the gate driving signal;
a second pulling control circuit, configured for receiving a first signal, a second signal, a third signal and a fourth signal, and outputting a second pulling control signal according to the first signal, the second signal, the third signal and the fourth signal;
a second pulling circuit, coupled to the first node and the gate driving signal output terminal and configured for receiving the second pulling control signal and pulling a level at the first node and a level at the gate driving signal output terminal according to the second pulling control signal;
wherein a frequency of the second pulling control signal is lower than a frequency of the first clock signal but higher than a refresh rate of a display panel to which the gate driving circuit is applied, the second pulling control signal is a square wave pulse control signal;
wherein the first signal is a second clock signal, and a ratio of a frequency of the second clock signal to the frequency of the first clock signal is in a range from 2 to 50;
wherein the frequency of the second clock signal is 4 times of the frequency of the first clock signal, the third signal is the second signal of second preceding stage of gate driving unit, and the fourth signal is the second signal of second succeeding stage of gate driving unit.

US Pat. No. 10,460,684

DISPLAY DEVICE

Visteon Global Technologi...

1. A display device, comprising:a light emitting display;
a light source;
an electrical tint film;
a diffusion disk; and
a cover surface arranged on the light emitting display,
wherein between the light emitting display and the cover surface there is arranged the electrical tint film,
wherein in an area around the light emitting display there is arranged the diffusion disk,
wherein the light source is disposed adjacent the diffusion disk, and
wherein the cover surface is formed with a coloration, wherein an intensity of the coloration increases from a middle, central region of the cover surfaces to border areas of the cover surface.

US Pat. No. 10,460,680

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY METHOD THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A driving method of a liquid crystal display panel, wherein the driving method comprises the steps of:normalizing an image to be displayed, which the image corresponding to each backlight partition of the liquid crystal display panel, to obtain characteristic data of the input image;
extending backlight boundary of each backlight partition according to a default condition, and determining a backlight opening coefficient of each backlight partition by data information after the backlight boundary extension;
the backlight opening coefficient of each backlight partition subjected to a fusion process, to obtain a driving current of the liquid crystal display panel;
obtaining characteristic data of output image of each backlight partition of the liquid crystal display panel based on the characteristic data of the input image and the driving current;
displaying an output image in accordance with the characteristic data of the output image by the driving current to drive the liquid crystal display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,460,675

CONFIGURABLE LIGHTING SYSTEM

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A luminaire comprising:a housing comprising at least one outer surface that forms a cavity;
an aperture that traverses the at least one outer surface of the housing;
a substrate disposed within the cavity;
an electrical connector disposed on the substrate; and
a dial electrically coupled to the electrical connector, wherein the dial has a range of positions, wherein each position within the range of positions of the dial corresponds to a discrete correlated color temperature (CCT) output by a plurality of light sources of the luminaire.

US Pat. No. 10,460,670

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. A display device, comprising:a plurality of pixels, each of which includes an electroluminescent (EL) element and a drive transistor that controls a current flowing through the EL element;
a gate driver circuit that applies, to each of the plurality of pixels, a compensation voltage enable pulse for compensating a threshold voltage of the drive transistor, in each of compensation voltage application periods included in a period other than a period in which a video signal voltage is applied; and
a control circuit that controls the gate driver circuit,
wherein the control circuit adjusts a length of, among the compensation voltage application periods, a preceding compensation voltage application period immediately before the video signal voltage is applied,
wherein the control circuit adjusts the length of the preceding compensation voltage application period based on a timing of a vertical synchronization signal,
wherein a compensation voltage is applied to a gate terminal of the drive transistor of each of the plurality of pixels a predetermined number of compensation voltage application periods in a predetermined compensation operation period that causes a gradual reduction of a pixel voltage to approach the threshold voltage of the drive transistor, and
wherein the predetermined number of compensation application voltage periods is in the range of 20-30.

US Pat. No. 10,460,668

PIXEL COMPENSATION METHOD, PIXEL COMPENSATION APPARATUS AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A pixel compensation apparatus of a display panel, comprising a controller configured to:control, in blanking periods of two adjacent display frames, charging of detection lines for various color sub-pixels to be compensated in a (2n?1)th row and a (2n)th row in the display panel respectively and detect voltages on various detection lines after the charging is performed, where n is a positive integer; wherein the charging comprises inputting a data voltage of non-zero grayscale to each color sub-pixel to be compensated in one of the (2n?1)th row and the (2n)th row, and inputting a data voltage of zero grayscale to each color sub-pixel to be compensated in the other of the (2n?1)th row and the (2n)th row;
determine a detected voltage of each color sub-pixel to be compensated in the row to which the non-zero grayscale is input according to the detected voltages on detection lines for color sub-pixels to be compensated in the (2n?1)th row and the (2n)th row and belonging to the same column; and
compensate for each color sub-pixel to be compensated in the row to which the non-zero grayscale is input in a next display frame according to the detected voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,460,661

DISPLAY WITH LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A pixel circuit comprising:a positive power supply terminal;
a ground power supply terminal;
a light-emitting diode (LED) that is connected between the positive power supply terminal and the ground power supply terminal;
a drive transistor that is connected in series with the light-emitting diode;
an emission transistor that is connected in series with the drive transistor and the light-emitting diode, wherein the emission transistor is interposed between the light-emitting diode and the drive transistor; and
a semiconducting-oxide switching transistor that is coupled to a gate of the drive transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,460,654

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. A semiconductor device which controls display of a display panel, the semiconductor device comprising:a receiving circuit which receives a plurality of communication frames,
each of the plurality of communication frames
being transmitted with a first period or a second period different from the first period, and
including a synchronization code and data;
a logic circuit configured to operate in two operation states, the two operation states including a first operation state and a second operation state,
in the first operation state, one or more communication frames of the first period received by the receiving circuit are each processed as data other than a digital video signal, wherein the data other than the video signal include control data from the semiconductor device and dummy data attached to a payload of a respective communication frame of the one or more communication frames, and
in the second operation state, one or more communication frames of the second period received by the receiving circuit are each processed as the digital video signal;
a detecting circuit which detects the synchronization code from each of the plurality of communication frames received by the receiving circuit;
a measuring circuit which measures a period of the synchronization code detected in each of the plurality of communication frames, the period of the synchronization code either corresponding to the first period or the second period; and
a determining circuit which determines whether the period of the synchronization code measured corresponds to the first period or the second period, wherein
the logic circuit transitions to the first operation state or the second operation state based on whether the period of the synchronization code measured corresponds to the first period or the second period,
wherein the receiving circuit receives at least one frame in a previous operation state even after an operation state has been changed to a new operation state at the receiving circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,460,651

METHOD FOR DRIVING DISPLAY

SUNDIODE KOREA, (KR)

1. A method of driving a display having a light emitting diode (LED), comprising:applying a driving pulse to each of pixels using a driving circuit through a pulse width modulation method to control times for illuminating lights of primary colors having red, green, and blue of each pixel,
wherein the light emitting diode comprises a multi junction light emitting diode, in which a plurality of layers configured to illuminate different colors are combined, and
wherein the multi junction light emitting diode has a first n-type semiconductor layer formed on a substrate, a first light emitting layer formed on the first n-type semiconductor layer for generating light of a first color, a p-type semiconductor layer formed on the first light emitting layer, a second light emitting layer formed on the p-type semiconductor layer for generating light of a second color different from the first color, and a second n-type semiconductor layer formed on the second light emitting layer, and
wherein a plurality of levels correspond to a plurality of turn-on durations of each pixel, which correspond to an amount of light emission defined in one refresh cycle for light generation.

US Pat. No. 10,460,648

DISPLAY PANEL DRIVEN IN A COLUMN INVERSION AND DOT INVERSION AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A method for controlling a display panel, comprising:providing a display panel, wherein the display panel comprises a plurality of pixels arranged into a plurality of columns and rows and a plurality of data lines, one of the data lines is coupled to pixels arranged in odd number rows of one of two columns adjacent to the one of the data lines, and the one of the data lines is coupled to pixels arranged in even number rows of the other one of the two columns adjacent to the one of the data lines;
receiving data signals in a driving manner of column inversion by the data lines during a display period; and
receiving the data signals in a driving manner of N-dot inversion by the data lines during a blanking period;
wherein a flicker value of the display panel ranges from ?52.1 dB to ?53.7 dB.

US Pat. No. 10,460,642

NOISE REDUCTION IN LED SENSING CIRCUIT FOR ELECTRONIC DISPLAY

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A display device, comprising:a pixel configured to display image data; and
a circuit comprising:
a comparator component configured to change states when an input voltage crosses a threshold voltage;
a current source configured to provide a current to the comparator component;
a capacitor configured to couple across the comparator component, wherein the capacitor is configured to provide the input voltage to the comparator component when receiving the current; and
a controller configured to:
open a switch configured to couple the current source to the comparator component when the comparator component changes states;
acquire a plurality of samples of a voltage output by the comparator component after the comparator component changes states;
determine an average value associated with the plurality of samples; and
calibrate the pixel based on the average value.

US Pat. No. 10,460,629

PERPETUAL MONTH DISPLAY CALENDAR

1. A perpetual month display calendar consisting of:a month/day display loop, comprising 12 horizontal pieces shaped as rectangular prisms, characterized in that they contain 2 vertical holes that bear 2 vertical elastic bands that bind the pieces together forming a flexible and expandable loop; and that the pieces display, on the upper front area, the name of a month, and on the front lower area, the days of the week initials horizontally aligned and equidistant from each other;
a date display loop, into which said month/day display loop is inserted, comprising a plurality of vertical pieces characterized in that they are shaped as rectangular prisms; that consist of 9 large pieces that display 5 cells on the front side, 5 medium pieces that display 4 cells on the front side, and 5 small pieces that display 1 cell on the front side and are blank on the back side; that said large and medium pieces contain 2 horizontal holes that bear 2 horizontal elastic bands that bind them together; and that the small pieces are attached to the medium pieces on the top or bottom, using a means that allows the small pieces to rotate freely, in order to hide or expose the numbers displayed on them; that each display loop piece contains cells that either display a number or are blank; that one large piece is left blank and is positioned opposed to the medium piece displaying the first date of the month; that when the date display loop is flattened, the arrangement of the 7 front pieces displays a layout of numbers arranged in a 7×5 grid (7 columns by 5 rows), which are horizontally sequenced until the seventh column, resuming the sequence on the first column of the next row; and that said arrangement can be configured to form the 7 possible month layouts by shifting the pieces horizontally, namely, having the first date of the month matching any of the 7 days of the week;
and a back cover, attached to the other assembled components, comprising 2 upper hooks that are inserted in the 2 vertical holes that bear the vertical elastic bands of the month/day display loop, and a front panel that can perform one or more of the following functions: a blank flat surface, a marketing display for business-related imagery and/or text, a photo frame, a chalkboard, and/or a corkboard.

US Pat. No. 10,460,623

TOOL SIMULATION SYSTEM, SIMULATION WORKPIECE, AND METHOD OF OPERATION

1. A simulator system for use in simulating fabrication or construction, comprising:a simulation tool comprising a magnet mounted in fixed relation to a working end of the simulation tool;
a simulation workpiece comprising a substrate having a visible alignment indicator provided thereon, and at least one tool path indicator; and
a sensor device, comprising:
a visible alignment indicator on an exterior of the sensor device;
at least one magnetic sensor, memory, and a microprocessor in communication with the at least one magnetic sensor and the memory, configured to detect a magnetic field from the simulation tool and to determine a path travelled by the simulation tool with respect to the sensor device, while the visible alignment indicator of the sensor device is maintained in physical alignment with the visible alignment indicator of the simulation workpiece.

US Pat. No. 10,460,613

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DISPLAYING AN ALIGNMENT SYMBOL FOR INDICATING DEVIATIONS BETWEEN OWNSHIP RUNWAY COURSE HEADING AND TRACKING

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A method of assessing misalignment when landing an ownship, the method comprising:displaying an alignment symbol on a display for aiding in a first instance, aligning a tracking angle and a lateral course of the ownship with a runway course by a pilot, and in a second instance, displaying as a cue of misalignment of the ownship from the runway course to the pilot wherein the alignment symbol is configured for viewing as a first display item on a zero-pitch reference line (ZPRL) in a viewpoint of the pilot of a direct line of sight of the pilot on the display;
displaying a heading bug on the display for aiding in aligning a heading of the ownship with a runway course for the pilot, the heading bug is configured for viewing as a second display item on the ZPRL in the direct line of sight of the pilot, wherein the heading bug indicates, by an approximate position to the alignment symbol on ZPRL of the display, a reference of a magnitude of lateral misalignment;
displaying a tracking bug on the display for aiding in aligning a track angle of the ownship with the runway course, the tracking bug is configured for viewing as a third display item on the ZPRL in the direct line of sight of the pilot on the display wherein the tracking bug indicates, by an approximate position to the alignment symbol on the ZPRL of the display, a reference of a magnitude of angular misalignment;
enabling a pilot to use the first, second and third display items for maneuvering the ownship for maintaining first, an alignment of the heading with the runway course and second, for attempting an aligning of the tracking angle of the ownship with the runway course by making adjustments in maneuvers of the ownship in a course of landing while viewing in the direct line of sight the first, second and third display items on the ZPRL of the display wherein a relative position of each of the display items to the other serves as an indicator to the pilot of adjustments needed for correcting the lateral and angular misalignment in the course of landing; and
prioritizing a display of the first, second, and third runway items in a manner not to obscure other symbols or items on the display deemed to have a higher priority for viewing by pilot for maneuvering the ownship.

US Pat. No. 10,460,606

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING A LANE DEPARTURE WARNING IN A VEHICLE

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A method for generating a lane departure warning in a vehicle, the method comprising:acquiring a plurality of frames of a digital image of a road on which the vehicle is traveling, the digital image of the road including an image of a lane within which the vehicle is traveling and of marking lines of the lane;
performing a lane calibration procedure on a set of acquired frames to obtain reference positions of the lane, the lane calibration procedure including filtering edge points of the image frame belonging to an area of a horizontal stripe of the frame including a plurality of rows of the frame, wherein performing a lane calibration procedure comprises updating the reference positions of the lane in response to determining that no lane departure status is detected for a given recalibration time;
for each of the acquired frames, extracting edge points of the frame, performing a lane departure verification procedure that includes identifying points in a frame representative of a position of the lane marking lines, and comparing the position of the points to the reference positions of the lane, the reference positions of the lane being obtained by the lane calibration procedure; and
generating a lane departure alert when a lane departure status is detected by the lane departure verification procedure.

US Pat. No. 10,460,604

COLLISION DETERMINATION APPARATUS, PSEUDO RANGE INFORMATION TRANSMITTING APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A collision determination apparatus used in a mobile body comprising:a receiver receiving radio waves including sender information of a sender which transmits the radio waves, the radio waves being transmitted from a plurality of reference stations each being present in mutually different locations;
a pseudo range identifying unit determining a captured reference station from which the radio waves are received among the plurality of reference stations, and successively identifying a pseudo range to the captured reference station based on the radio waves received by the receiver and transmitted from the captured station;
a self-single difference calculation unit successively calculating a self-single difference between a first reference station and a second reference station which are different from each other, the first reference station and the second reference station being selected from two or more captured reference stations, and the self-single difference being a difference between a first pseudo range which is the pseudo range to the first reference station and a second pseudo range which is the pseudo range to the second reference station;
a transmission unit transmitting pseudo range associated information to surroundings of the mobile body by wireless communication, the pseudo range associated information being determined depending on the pseudo range to the captured reference station identified by the pseudo range identifying unit, and the pseudo range associated information being used for an external apparatus which receives the information to identify the self-single difference in the mobile body;
a reception unit receiving the pseudo range associated information of the external apparatus, the external apparatus being present outside the mobile body;
an external single difference identifying unit successively identifying, based on the pseudo range associated information of the external apparatus received by the reception unit, an external single difference between the pseudo range to the first reference station of the external apparatus and the pseudo range to the second reference station of the external apparatus;
a double difference calculating unit successively calculating a double difference between the self-single difference calculated by the self-single difference calculation unit and the external single difference identified by the external single difference identifying unit; and
an approaching relationship determination unit determining whether or not the double difference tends to decrease based on the double difference at a plurality of time points, and determining the external apparatus and the mobile body as being in an approaching relationship when the double difference tends to decrease.

US Pat. No. 10,460,587

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:control circuitry configured to control processing of recording radio wave information concerning a radio wave observed in a predetermined environment and related information related to the radio wave information in association with each other,
comparing the newly acquired radio wave information and the recorded radio wave information, and in a case where a result of comparison satisfies a predetermined condition, providing a user with a predetermined function on a basis of related information related to the newly acquired radio wave information;
wherein the radio wave is a radio wave emitted around an electronic appliance or a communication appliance held by the user,
the recorded radio wave information is obtained by associating the radio wave information acquired from a range of daily activities of the user with at least one of positional information showing a position where the radio wave information is acquired as the related information and information concerning a time stamp at which the radio wave information is acquired, and
the control circuitry,
in a case where the newly acquired radio wave information is not the recorded radio wave information, records the newly acquired radio wave information as a candidate for suspicious-person radio wave information which is the radio wave information emitted from an electronic appliance or a communication appliance held by a suspicious person, and
in a case where the recorded candidate for the suspicious-person radio wave information is detected as satisfying a predetermined condition, records the candidate for suspicious-person radio wave information that satisfies the predetermined condition as the new suspicious-person radio wave information, and
in a case where the newly acquired radio wave information is radio wave information corresponding to the suspicious-person radio wave information,
issues a warning to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,460,585

RFID DIRECTED VIDEO SNAPSHOTS CAPTURING TARGETS OF INTEREST

Symbol Technologies, LLC,...

1. A target sensing station for locating and tracking a target in a venue, and for communicating with an external host, comprising:a controller;
a video system operatively connected to the controller, the video system including a camera configured to capture a first video stream in a first field of view (FOV); and
a plurality of sensing units operatively connected to the controller, each of the plurality of sensing units configured to sense a transmitter associated with the target and to provide sensed data associated with the sensed transmitter,
wherein, based at least in part on the sensed data, the controller is configured to filter the first video stream to output a second video stream that is different from the first video stream,
wherein the controller is further configured to transmit the second video stream to the external host,
wherein each of the plurality of sensing units is a radio frequency (RF) identification (RFID) transceiver including an antenna characterized by a beamwidth, and wherein the controller is further configured to filter the first video stream to output the second video stream based at least in part on the respective beamwidth of the antenna of at least one of the RFID transceivers that senses the transmitter associated with the target, and
wherein the second video stream has a second FOV that is different from the first FOV, and wherein the second FOV correlates with the respective beamwidth of the antenna of the at least one of the RFID transceivers that senses the transmitter associated with the target.

US Pat. No. 10,460,584

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR LOCATING ITEMS, PEOPLE, AND/OR ANIMALS

Lynq Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A locator device for locating a target device, comprising:a first transceiver configured to communicate with a second transceiver in the target device;
a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver configured to receive data from a plurality of satellites for calculating a location;
a visual indicator; and
a hardware processor that:
receives signals from the first transceiver;
calculates a first estimated distance between the locator device and a target device based on the signals;
controls whether the GNSS receiver is powered on or off based on the first estimated distance;
powers on the GNSS receiver after it has been powered off for a period of time, wherein the period of time is determined based on a maximum travel rate of the target device and a second estimated distance between the target device and a boundary; and
causes the visual indicator to indicate an estimated direction to the target device from the locator device.

US Pat. No. 10,460,563

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INVOKING COMMANDS UTILIZING A MOBILE DEVICE AND A GAMING ESTABLISHMENT DEVICE

IGT, Las Vegas, NV (US)

1. A gaming system comprising:a display device;
an input device;
a processor; and
a memory device which stores a plurality of instructions, which when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
wirelessly receive, from a mobile device, data associated with a cashless wagering account accessed via a mobile device application of the mobile device, and an amount of funds determined in association with the mobile device application of the mobile device,
cause the display device to display information associated with the data wirelessly received from the mobile device,
receive an input via the input device,
responsive to the received input being a designated input:
request, from a cashless wagering server, the amount of funds from the cashless wagering account, and
responsive to the requested amount of funds being approved from the cashless wagering server:
modify a credit balance based on the requested amount of funds, the credit balance being usable to place a wager on a play of a wagering game, and
cause a wireless transmission of data to the mobile device, the data associated with a fund transfer confirmation to be displayed by the mobile device, and
responsive to the received input not being the designated input:
not request, from the cashless wagering server, the amount of funds from the cashless wagering account, and
cause a wireless transmission of data to the mobile device, the data associated with a fund transfer rejection to be displayed by the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,460,556

COLOR ALTERATION INTERLEAVED WAGERING SYSTEM

Gamblit Gaming, LLC, Gle...

1. A color alteration interleaved wagering system, comprising:a wireless device constructed to:
execute an interactive application stored on a machine-readable storage medium;
provide an interactive application display associated with the interactive application;
communicate, to a process controller, session initiation data;
receive, from the process controller, display adjustment data;
configure the interactive application display based on the display adjustment data;
communicate, to the process controller, application telemetry data;
receive, from the process controller, color compensation data;
configure the interactive application display based on the color compensation data;
communicate, to the process controller, further application telemetry data;
receive, from the process controller, wagering telemetry data and application resource data;
configure a wagering user interface based on the wagering telemetry data; and
incorporate the application resource data into the interactive application;
a wager controller constructed to:
receive, from the process controller, the wager request data;
determine a wager outcome based on the wager request data; and
communicate the wager outcome data to the process controller; and
the process controller operatively connecting the wireless device and the wager controller, the process controller constructed to:
receive, from the wireless device, the session initiation data;
communicate, to the wireless device, the display adjustment data;
receive, from the wireless device, the application telemetry data;
determine whether to use a color alteration system based on the application telemetry;
when the process controller determines to use the color alteration system, communicate, to the wireless device, the color compensation data;
receive, from the wireless device, the further application telemetry data;
scan the application telemetry data to determine whether to trigger a wager request;
when the wager request is triggered, generate the wager request data and command the wager controller by communicating the wager request data to the wager controller;
receive, from the wager controller, the wager outcome data;
scan the wager outcome data;
determine wagering telemetry data based on the wager outcome data;
determine application resource data based on the wager outcome data; and
command the wireless device by communicating the wagering telemetry data and the application resource data to the wireless device.

US Pat. No. 10,460,533

MOBILE TELEMETRY SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A mobile telemetry system comprising:a vehicle including a processor configured to
buffer vehicle information collected at a scheduled rate,
cause the buffered information to be wirelessly transmitted responsive to a wireless signal strength in a vicinity of the vehicle being greater than a first predetermined threshold, and
archive the buffered information responsive to the signal strength being less than or equal to the first predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,460,529

DEVICES, METHODS, AND GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACES FOR SYSTEM-WIDE BEHAVIOR FOR 3D MODELS

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A method, comprising:at a device having a display generation component and one or more input devices including a touch-sensitive surface:
displaying, by the display generation component, a representation of a first perspective of a virtual three-dimensional object in a first user interface region on a display;
while displaying the representation of the first perspective of the virtual three-dimensional object in the first user interface region on the display, detecting a first input that corresponds to a request to rotate the virtual three-dimensional object relative to the display to display a respective portion of the virtual three-dimensional object that is not visible from the first perspective of the virtual three-dimensional object; and
in response to detecting the first input:
in accordance with a determination that the first input corresponds to a request to rotate the virtual three-dimensional object about a first axis, rotating the virtual three-dimensional object relative to the first axis by an amount that is determined based on a magnitude of the first input such that a first portion of the virtual three-dimensional object that is not visible from the first perspective of the virtual three-dimensional object is displayed, wherein the rotation is constrained by a limit on movement restricting the rotation of the virtual three-dimensional object by more than a threshold amount of rotation relative to the first axis; and
in accordance with a determination that the first input corresponds to a request to rotate the virtual three-dimensional object about a second axis that is different from the first axis, rotating the virtual three-dimensional object relative to the second axis by an amount that is determined based on a magnitude of the first input such that a second portion of the virtual three-dimensional object that is not visible from the first perspective of the virtual three-dimensional object is displayed, wherein, for the first input with a magnitude above a respective threshold, the device rotates the virtual three-dimensional object relative to the second axis by more than the threshold amount of rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,460,521

TRANSITION BETWEEN BINOCULAR AND MONOCULAR VIEWS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method comprising:identifying a horizontal angle and vertical angle of view for a portion of a display for an eye, the horizontal angle and vertical angle representing a portion of a canvas for view by the eye;
identifying an overlapping portion of a top image and an image corresponding to a view for the eye, the images being combined to generate the canvas for view by the eye;
determining an optical flow for the overlapping portion; and
applying the optical flow to the top image as a function of the vertical angle, wherein a portion of the optical flow applied to the top image increases from a vertical angle when the overlapping portion begins adjacent to the top image to a pivotal row in the overlapping portion.

US Pat. No. 10,460,520

COMPUTER BALL DEVICE FOR MIXED REALITY, VIRTUAL REALITY, OR AUGMENTED REALITY

SimpsX Technologies LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:generating an interactive environment for a plurality of users, wherein the interactive environment comprises an augmented reality (AR) environment, a mixed reality (MR) environment, or a virtual reality (VR) environment, and wherein the interactive environment includes a graphical user interface (GUI) configured to be accessed by the plurality of users; and
transmitting visual data to a plurality of viewing devices used by the plurality of users in order to project the interactive environment to the plurality of users, wherein the plurality of viewing devices comprises one or more waveguide eyeglasses, one or more waveguide contact lenses, or combinations thereof, and wherein transmitting the visual data comprises:
transmitting the visual data to the plurality of viewing devices in the form of laser light, infrared light, or combinations thereof; and
transmitting the visual data from a location that is substantially central to the plurality of users.

US Pat. No. 10,460,516

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODEL OPTIMIZATION

Vertebrae Inc., Santa Mo...

1. A system comprising one or more computers and one or more storage devices on which are stored instructions that are operable, when executed by the one or more computers, to cause the one or more computers to perform operations comprising:determining, for a three-dimensional model of an object to be optimized, a plurality of points on the object that each have at least a threshold likelihood of being a focal point, the three-dimensional model having two or more regions each of which include data for one or more textures, one or more meshes, or both by:
retrieving, from a memory, data for a plurality of images of the object that each depict at least a portion of a view of the object that was generated on a display for presentation to a viewer;
determining, for each image from the plurality of images, one or more potential focal points by:
projecting, for each image from the plurality of images and from a direction represented by a camera that would generate the respective image, one or more rays onto the object; and
selecting, for each of the one or more rays, a point at which the ray intersects with the object as a corresponding focal point; and
selecting, from the one or more potential focal points for the plurality of images and as the plurality of points, the potential focal points that each have at least the threshold likelihood of being a focal point;
identifying, from the two or more regions, one or more non-focal regions that i) each do not include any of the plurality of points, and ii) are a proper subset of the two or more regions;
generating, using the one or more non-focal regions, an optimized three-dimensional model for the object with a smaller size less than a larger size of the three-dimensional model; and
storing the optimized three-dimensional model in a non-volatile memory.

US Pat. No. 10,460,512

3D SKELETONIZATION USING TRUNCATED EPIPOLAR LINES

Microsoft Technology Lice...

17. A system for generating a three-dimensional skeleton of a human, the system comprising:multiple camera devices configured to capture images of a human from different viewpoints; and
a computing device comprising a processor and a storage medium storing executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, program the computing device to perform operations, the operations comprising:
receiving the captured images from the multiple camera devices;
detecting keypoints in the captured images associated with body parts of the human;
correlating the detected keypoints, wherein the correlating comprises projecting one or more truncated epipolar lines onto one or more of the captured images using one or more keypoints detected in another one or more of the captured images to determine that keypoints in separate images, of the captured images, are associated with a same body part depicted from different viewpoints, wherein creating a truncated epipolar line comprises subtracting a truncation distance from a distance value associated with one of the keypoints, wherein the distance value is retrieved from a depth map associated with one of the captured images;
triangulating three-dimensional coordinates for the body parts using the correlated keypoints associated with the body parts; and
generating a three-dimensional skeleton comprising the three-dimensional coordinates.

US Pat. No. 10,460,497

GENERATING CONTENT USING A VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT

Pixar, Emeryville, CA (U...

1. A method for generating content in a virtual reality environment, the method being generated by one or more computer systems including a computer server, the method comprising:receiving, at the computer server, set information regarding a virtual set of a three-dimensional animated scene, wherein the set information includes virtual asset information representing a first virtual asset placed in the virtual set;
receiving, at the computer server from a first user, view information regarding camera views into the virtual set, the view information being generated based on sensors associated with a first display device associated with the first user;
rendering, at the computer server, a virtual reality environment including the virtual set based on the camera views;
sending, from the computer server, the rendered virtual reality environment to the first display device associated with the first user for presenting the rendered virtual reality environment on the first display device;
sending, from the computer server at a same time as the rendered virtual reality environment is sent to the first display device, image data of the rendered virtual reality environment perceived by the first user to a computing device for presenting the rendered virtual reality environment perceived by the first user on the computing device so that the first display device and the computing device are presenting a same virtual reality environment perceived by the first user in real time;
receiving, at the computer server, input data indicating a first movement of the first virtual asset in the virtual set from the computing device;
re-rendering, at the computer server, the virtual reality environment based on the input data indicating the first movement of the first virtual asset;
sending, from the computer server, the re-rendered virtual reality environment to the first display device for presenting the first movement of the first virtual asset in the virtual reality environment to the first user; and
replaying, from the computer server, the re-rendered virtual reality environment on a second display device by replacing the first virtual asset with a virtual object corresponding to the first virtual asset in the virtual set and simulating the first movement for the virtual object.

US Pat. No. 10,460,493

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a control unit configured to
generate a synthesized object model by synthesizing a first object model and a second object model, and
cause the generated synthesized object model to be displayed in association with an image corresponding to the first object model or the second object model,
wherein the control unit controls a mode of the synthesis on a basis of input information,
wherein the first object model includes a first face model, the second object model includes a second face model, and the synthesized object model includes a synthesized face model,
wherein the mode includes a first mode in which the synthesized face model is generated based on mesh information of only the first face model, and a second mode in which the synthesized face model is generated based on mesh information of only the second face model, and
wherein the control unit is implemented via at least one processor.

US Pat. No. 10,460,486

SYSTEMS FOR COLLECTING, AGGREGATING, AND STORING DATA, GENERATING INTERACTIVE USER INTERFACES FOR ANALYZING DATA, AND GENERATING ALERTS BASED UPON COLLECTED DATA

PALANTIR TECHNOLOGIES INC...

1. A computer system comprising:a non-transitory computer readable storage medium storing program instructions; and
one or more computer processors configured to execute the program instructions to cause the computer system to:
access or receive sensor data from one or more sensors associated with physical assets, the sensor data comprising measurements over time;
using the sensor data, determine one or more attribute values for the physical assets for a time period, wherein the one or more attribute values correspond to physical properties of the physical assets;
determine a first group comprising one or more of the physical assets;
aggregate the attribute values of the one or more physical assets of the first group to determine one or more aggregate attribute values for the first group for the time period; and
in response to a user selection of the first group, generate a first interactive user interface including:
indications of the one or more physical assets of the first group,
indications of the one or more aggregate attribute values for the first group for the time period, and
indications of the one or more attribute values for each of the one or more physical assets of the first group for the time period.

US Pat. No. 10,460,481

SHAPE BUILDING IN A DIGITAL MEDIUM ENVIRONMENT

Adobe Inc., San Jose, CA...

1. In a shape building digital medium environment, a method implemented by at least one computing device, the method comprising:detecting, by the at least one computing device, a locational relationship of a single user input as drawn within a user interface with respect to at least one shape displayed within the user interface;
based on the locational relationship of the single user input with respect to the at least one shape, determining both a shape building operation of a plurality of shape building operations is to be performed and that the at least one shape is subject to the determined shape building operation;
performing, by the at least one computing device, the identified shape building operation on the determined at least one shape; and
outputting, by the at least one computing device, a result of the performing in the user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,460,479

DYNAMIC COLOR DETERMINATION FOR USER INTERFACE COMPONENTS OF A VIDEO PLAYER

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:identifying a dominant color of a frame of a video;
generating a plurality of color variants based on the dominant color;
causing at least one frame of the video to be presented on a user device within a video user interface, wherein the video user interface has user interface components each having a color selected based on the plurality of color variants;
identifying a playing state of the video on the user device; and
setting colors of the user interface components of the video user interface based on a color variant from the plurality of color variants that was selected based on the playing state of the video on the user device.

US Pat. No. 10,460,462

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION USING AN ABSOLUTE ORIENTATION SENSOR

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. A three-dimensional image reconstruction system comprising:an image capture device that captures image;
an inertial measurement unit (IMU) affixed to the image capture device that records IMU data associated with image data of the captured image; and
an image processor that includes one or more processing units and memory for storing instructions that are executed by the one or more processing units, wherein the image processor receives the image data and the IMU data as inputs, and calculates rigid body motion (R,t) that includes a rotational component R and a translational component t between the image data and a current reconstructed point cloud, wherein the image processor constrains the rotational component R of the rigid body motion (R,t) between the image data and the current reconstructed point cloud based on the IMU data and a transformation value X, wherein the image processor calculates only the translational component t of the rigid body motion (R,t) between the image data and the current reconstructed point cloud, and wherein the image processor utilizes a registration algorithm to register the image data with the current reconstructed point cloud based on the calculated rigid body motion (R, t) between the image data and the current reconstructed point cloud to generate a three-dimensional image.

US Pat. No. 10,460,458

METHOD FOR REGISTRATION OF PARTIALLY-OVERLAPPED AERIAL IMAGERY USING A REDUCED SEARCH SPACE METHODOLOGY WITH HYBRID SIMILARITY MEASURES

United States of America ...

1. A method for registration of partially-overlapped images, comprising:performing noise reduction and feature extraction in a reference image and an unregistered image;
determining a template size using a phase transition methodology for a sufficiently-sampled finite data set, wherein the phase transition methodology comprises calculating the maximum possible entropic states and actual entropic states as number of the pixels;
identifying a template region in the reference image;
performing a wide angle estimation of the reference image and the unregistered image;
performing orientation and translation of the reference image and the unregistered image;
applying margin, imtrim, and overlap to reduce a search space of the reference image and the unregistered image;
performing a coarse angle estimation of the reference image and the unregistered image;
performing orientation of the reference image and the unregistered image of the coarse angle estimation; and
performing a fine angle estimation and registration of the reference image and the unregistered image.

US Pat. No. 10,460,450

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE FAT MASS OF A SUBJECT THROUGH DIGITAL IMAGES

1. A method for determining fat mass of a subject comprising the steps of:acquiring at least one image containing a background and a subject (2) through a digital device (1);
inputting at least a height value of the subject;
generating, within the at least one image, a virtual frame (A, A?, B?, B) that contains at least a part of said subject (2) in the image, the virtual frame (A, A?, B?, B) being generated with two horizontal parallel lines (A-A?, B-B?) to which a value of a distance therebetween is attributed based on the inputted height (h) value of the subject, and with two vertical lines (A-B, A?-B?) to which a value of distance therebetween is attributed also based on a fraction of the height (h) value of the subject,
wherein the virtual frame (A, A?, B, B?) is generated through the digital device that acquires the image, wherein the horizontal lines are translatable, and
wherein, independently from a value of translation of the horizontal lines, a value of a distance between the horizontal lines remains fixed as a reference height (h) value of the subject;
defining an outer profile of the at least a part of said subject, said outer profile delimiting a first area (A_1), the virtual frame delimiting a second area (B_1); and
determining a content of fat mass through an algorithm that uses at least one index which is indicative of the first area (A_1) occupied by the at least a part of the subject (2) in the virtual frame with respect to the second area (B_1) of the virtual frame.

US Pat. No. 10,460,448

METHOD FOR QUANTIFICATION OF UNCERTAINTY OF CONTOURS IN MANUAL AND AUTO SEGMENTING ALGORITHMS

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A method for quantification of irregularity of a boundary of a lesion, said method comprising:receiving an image including the lesion;
receiving a band of uncertainty delineating a region in the received image, the region including the boundary of the lesion;
delineating the boundary of the lesion in the region using iterative filtering of the region, the iterative filtering of the region including applying n iterations of an iteratively running edge-enhancing iterative algorithm including, for each of at least one of a plurality of sub-regions defining the region;
iteratively filtering the sub-region until the boundary in the sub-region can be delineated with a confidence level exceeding a predetermined level; and,
delineating the boundary in the filtered sub-region;
determining at least one metric of uncertainty of the delineated boundary of the lesion for the region based on the number of iterations n according to uncertainty(x)=100*exp(?F(x)/n), where n is a specific iteration, x is the number of iterations and F(x) is strength gradient of the sub-region;
controlling a display device to display a contour representing the delineated boundary of the lesion, the contour being color coded according to metric of uncertainty to determine irregularity of the boundary of the lesion.

US Pat. No. 10,460,444

MEMORY DEVICE AND OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

MACRONIX INTERNATIONAL CO...

1. A memory device, comprising:a plurality of bit lines, configured to receive a plurality of pixel data of an image;
a plurality of word lines, each of the word lines comprising a plurality of factor units, and each of the word lines coupled to the bit lines via the factor units, wherein the factor units of each of the word lines are configured according to a plurality of factors of a filter, and the configurations of the factor units of the word lines are different from each other; and
a control circuit, coupled to the bit lines and the word lines,
wherein when processing a first area of the image by the filter, the control circuit inputs the pixel data within the first area of the image to the bit lines, and enables one of the word lines for operation, when processing a second area of the image by the filter, the control circuit maintains the pixel data within the second area overlapping the first area on the bit lines, and inputs the pixel data within the second area which doesn't overlap the first area to the bit lines, and enables another one of the word lines for operation.

US Pat. No. 10,460,441

TRACHEA MARKING

COVIDIEN LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium storing instructions for marking a trachea of a patient, the instructions, when executed by a processor, cause a computing device to:generate a three-dimensional (3D) model based on a plurality of two-dimensional (2D) images of the patient;
receive, via a graphical user interface (GUI), a first mark at a main carina in one of the plurality of two-dimensional (2D) images of the patient;
adjust a view plane of the three-dimensional (3D) model around a rotation axis defined by the first mark; and
receive, via the GUI, a second mark at an upper end of the trachea in one of the plurality of 2D images of the patient.

US Pat. No. 10,460,437

METHOD FOR PLACING A LOCALIZATION ELEMENT IN AN ORGAN OF A PATIENT FOR FOUR DIMENSIONAL SOFT TISSUE NAVIGATION

Veran Medical Technologie...

1. A method comprising:preparing a segmented image dataset to match the anatomy of a patient by
(i) forming a gated point cloud of data by moving a first catheter having a localization element through a plurality of locations in the patient's anatomy,
(ii) using a processor to density filter the gated point cloud to reduce the number of duplicate data points in the gated point cloud,
(iii) classifying data points of the density filtered gated point cloud according to anatomical points of reference,
(iv) registering the classified gated point cloud to the segmented image dataset,
(v) comparing the classified gated point cloud to the segmented image data set to determine the weighting of points comprised by the gated point cloud,
(vi) distinguishing regions of greater weighting from regions of lesser weighting, and
(vii) modifying the registered segmented image dataset to correspond to the classified data points of the gated point cloud;
navigating a second catheter to a target tissue in an organ using the registered segmented image dataset, the target tissue having a position;
attaching a first localization element to the target tissue to fix a position of the first localization element relative to the position of the target tissue;
registering the first localization element to the segmented image dataset; and
identifying the position of the first localization element from outside the patient's organ using an electromagnetic field generator with a 3D coordinate system, wherein the the electromagnetic field generator determines the position of the first localization element and a position of a second localization element relative to the electromagnetic field generator even if the patient has been manipulated such that the first localization element is no longer registered to the segmented image dataset.

US Pat. No. 10,460,436

INSPECTION METHOD, INSPECTION SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE USING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method comprising:obtaining a reference value by measuring a surface profile of a reference pattern;
scanning reference images of the reference pattern by using a plurality of optical inspection conditions;
obtaining estimation values of the reference pattern measured from the reference images;
selecting a desired optical inspection condition among the plurality of optical inspection conditions by comparing the reference value with the estimation values;
scanning a target image of a target pattern by using the desired optical inspection condition; and
obtaining an error value by quantitatively comparing the target image with a design image of the target pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,460,432

DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION PATTERN APPLICATION WITH ASPIRATED INK

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method for strain testing comprising:creating a stochastic pattern with ink from a permanent marker having a porous tip by supplying aspirating gas through an orifice in a conduit positioned adjacent the porous tip to spray the ink on an article to be tested;
performing a strain test on the article inducing a strain in the article with a resulting change in the stochastic pattern of the ink; and,
measuring the strain using a digital image correlation (DIC) imaging and calculation system viewing the stochastic pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,460,429

AUTO-RANGING PARAMETRIC SPATIAL FILTERING

United States of America ...

1. A method for enhancing an image comprising the steps of:receiving image data for a tactical scene including a target object;
determining a first target distance measured from a first reference point to a first position of the target object;
selectively creating a first filtered scene comprising a first subset of content from the tactical scene and including the target object, by
receiving a first parametric variable, and
applying at least one spatial filter using the first target distance and the first parametric variable; and
displaying the first filtered scene.

US Pat. No. 10,460,422

IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An image processing device comprising:a demosaicing unit configured to use a pixel signal of a target pixel of a polarized image including pixels for each of a plurality of polarization components and a pixel signal of a pixel for each of identical polarization components located near the target pixel to calculate a pixel signal for each polarization component different from the polarization component of the polarized image in the target pixel,
wherein the demosaicing unit calculates the pixel signal for each polarization component in the target pixel on a basis of a low frequency component for each polarization component and component information indicating a relationship between the low frequency component of the polarization component of the polarized image and the pixel signal of the target pixel, the low frequency component for each polarization component being calculated by using the pixel signal of the pixel located near the target pixel for each of the identical polarization components, and
wherein the demosaicing unit is implemented via at least one processor.

US Pat. No. 10,460,418

BUFFER INDEX FORMAT AND COMPRESSION

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method of index compression in a computer device, comprising:reading, at a processing unit in the computer device, a plurality of groups of indices, each group of the plurality of groups of indices corresponding to at least a part of one of a plurality of primitives of a mesh of an object to be rendered;
identifying a smallest index in each of the plurality of groups of indices;
calculating a plurality of control bits for each of the plurality of groups of indices, wherein each of the plurality of control bits indicate a location of the smallest index in each of the plurality of groups of indices;
calculating unsigned delta encoded values relative to the smallest index in each of the plurality of groups of indices for remaining indices in each of the plurality of groups of indices;
converting the plurality of groups of indices and the plurality of control bits into a plurality of compressed groups of indices, wherein each one of the plurality of compressed groups of indices includes a first value corresponding to an absolute value of the smallest index of the one of the plurality of groups of indices followed by the unsigned delta encoded values of the remaining indices of the one of the plurality of groups of indices and a corresponding control bit of the plurality of control bits; and
storing the plurality of compressed groups of indices.

US Pat. No. 10,460,416

INLINE IMAGE PREPROCESSING FOR CONVOLUTION OPERATIONS USING A MATRIX MULTIPLIER ON AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

XILINX, INC., San Jose, ...

1. A preprocessor circuit for formatting image data into a plurality of streams of image samples, the preprocessor circuit comprising:a plurality of memory banks configured to store the image data;
multiplexer circuitry coupled to the memory banks;
a first plurality of registers coupled to the multiplexer circuitry;
a second plurality of registers coupled to the first plurality of registers, outputs of the second plurality of registers configured to provide the plurality of streams of image samples; and
control circuitry configured to
generate addresses for the plurality of memory banks,
control the multiplexer circuitry to select among outputs of the plurality of memory banks,
control the first plurality of registers to store outputs of the multiplexer circuitry, and control the second plurality of registers to store outputs of the first plurality of registers,
wherein the control circuitry comprises:
bank address and control circuitry coupled to control inputs of the plurality of memory banks, the multiplexer circuitry, and the first plurality of registers;
output control circuitry coupled to control inputs of the second plurality of registers; and
a control state machine coupled to the bank address and control circuitry and the output control circuitry.