US Pat. No. 10,170,268

DISCRETE DYNODE ELECTRON MULTIPLIER FABRICATION METHOD

Harris Corporation, Melb...

1. A process of manufacturing a discrete-dynode electron multiplier (DDEM) comprising the steps of:mounting at least one insulator block to a monolithic conductor block;
forming a series of ion-optics geometrical structures in the monolithic conductor block, each ion-optics geometrical structure having a smallest dimension of less than 1 millimeter;
forming an opening in the monolithic conductor block; and
connecting a circuit board to the DDEM by positioning a fastener through the opening in the monolithic conductor block and through an opening in the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,170,267

CURRENT FUSE

Dexerials Corporation, S...

1. A current fuse comprising:an insulating substrate;
a main fuse element that is disposed on the insulating substrate and contains a low melting point metal and a high melting point metal; and
a sub-fuse element disposed on the insulating substrate and having a higher melting point than the main fuse element, wherein
the main fuse element and the sub-fuse element are connected in parallel,
a resistance value of the main fuse element is less than or equal to a resistance value of the sub-fuse element,
a melting temperature of the low melting point metal is less than a reflow temperature at the time reflow mounting on a circuit substrate, and
the main fuse element has a coated structure in which the low melting point metal forms an inner layer and the high melting point metal forms an outer layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,266

WIRE-WOUND FUSE RESISTOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

1. A wire-wound fuse resistor, comprising:an insulating rod having a first end and a second end;
a metal wire having a wire head and a wire tail, being helically wound around the insulating rod from the first end to the second end, and being cut at a middle portion thereof to form a first winding wire connecting with the wire head and a second winding wire connecting with the wire tail, wherein the first winding wire and the second winding wire are separated from each other;
a connection part disposed at the cut portion for electrical connection between the first winding wire and the second winding wire, wherein the melting temperature of the connection part is lower than that of the first winding wire and the second winding wire; and
a first cap and a second cap respectively disposed to encapsulate the first end and the second end, in which the wire head and the wire tail are respectively soldered onto surfaces of the first cap and the second cap respectively at the first cap and the second cap, and the first cap and the second cap are respectively electroplated with a first cap electroplated layer and a second cap electroplated layer, wherein the first electroplated layer on the first cap, the second electroplated layer on the second cap and the connection part are formed in the same process, and wherein the connection part is cut off depending on a predetermined melting temperature or melting speed of the wire-wound fuse reistor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,265

LEAKAGE CURRENT PROTECTION DEVICE

Chengli Li, Suzhou (CN)

1. A leakage current protection device, comprising:a top cover, a base, and an electrical and mechanical assembly disposed therein, the electrical and mechanical assembly comprising:
a circuit board;
one or more moving contact plates, for electrically connecting and disconnecting a load circuit;
an auxiliary switch, for electrically connecting and disconnecting an auxiliary circuit;
a reset shaft, wherein an upper portion of the reset shaft is configured to be connected to a reset button, a lower portion of the reset shaft includes a hook, a bottom end of the reset shaft is set against one end of a reset spring, and another end of the reset spring is set against the base;
a disconnect mechanism, wherein an upper portion of the disconnect mechanism has a hook which is configured to be engageable in a vertical direction with the hook of the reset shaft;
a trip coil and a trip plunger disposed in the trip coil, which are disposed on a side of the disconnect mechanism and controlled by electrical circuitry on the circuit board,
wherein the disconnect mechanism is driven by the trip plunger to move horizontally to cause the hook of the reset shaft and the hook of the disconnect mechanism to disengage from each other,
wherein the disconnect mechanism further includes a pushing end disposed at its top, and one or more lifting levers, wherein the pushing end of the disconnect mechanism controls the auxiliary switch and the one or more lifting levers control the one or more moving contact plates.

US Pat. No. 10,170,264

INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM FOR SWITCHING DEVICE, SWITCHING DEVICE, AND METHOD

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. An information display system for a switching device having an operating handle, the information display system comprising:a cover having a first side including an opening having the operating handle disposed therethrough, the cover first side defining a first section and a second section thereon, the first section defining a first longitudinal axis extending perpendicularly therethrough, the second section perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis; and
a faceplate including an opening to receive the operating handle therethrough, selectively secured to the first side in one of a plurality of rest positions and configured to carry information about the switching device, wherein in each one of the plurality of rest positions, at least a portion of the second section of the cover is overlapped by the faceplate, at least a portion of the first section is aligned with the opening, and the operating handle is disposed through the opening;
wherein the faceplate is rotatable with respect to the cover about the first longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,170,263

CIRCUIT BREAKER ASSEMBLIES WITH CHANGEABLE ORIENTATION

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a circuit breaker assembly, comprising:
a circuit breaker including a contact;
a cover plate attached to a surface of the circuit breaker; and
a handle movable between a first position and a second position; and
a circuit breaker housing configured to receive the circuit breaker assembly, wherein the circuit breaker assembly is capable of being removed from the circuit breaker housing, rotated, and reinstalled in the circuit breaker housing to change an orientation of the circuit breaker assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,170,262

MICRO-ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SYSTEM (MEMS) AND RELATED ACTUATOR BUMPS, METHODS OF MANUFACTURE AND DESIGN STRUCTURES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A MEMS structure, comprising:fixed actuator electrodes and a contact point;
a MEMS beam over the fixed actuator electrodes and the contact point; and
an array of actuator bumps in alignment with portions of the fixed actuator electrodes, which are sized and dimensioned to prevent the MEMS beam from contacting an actuator portion of the fixed actuator electrodes, wherein the array of actuator bumps are in direct contact with and extending from at least one of an underside of the MEMS beam and a surface of the fixed actuator electrodes, and the array of actuator bumps are composed of a dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,261

CONTACT DEVICE AND ELECTROMAGNETIC CONTACTOR USING SAME

1. A contact device comprising:a main contact mechanism that includes a pair of main fixed contacts separated from each other, a main movable contact disposed so as to be contacted with and separated from the pair of main fixed contacts, and a main contact support portion elastically supporting the main movable contact;
an auxiliary contact mechanism that is disposed at a different position from a position of the main contact mechanism, and that includes a pair of auxiliary fixed contacts separated from each other, an insulating auxiliary contact holding member supporting the main contact support portion and having an auxiliary movable contact disposed therein so as to be contacted with and separated from the pair of auxiliary fixed contacts, and an auxiliary contact support portion supporting the auxiliary contact holding member;
a contact housing portion that houses the main contact mechanism and the auxiliary contact mechanism; and
a movable iron core with which the auxiliary contact support portion is fixed,
wherein
the auxiliary contact support portion and the main contact support portion are formed as a movable shaft to move the main movable contact and the auxiliary movable contact, and
the auxiliary contact support portion and the main contact support portion are divided from each other and connected together via the auxiliary contact holding member so that the main contact support portion connects the main movable contact and the insulating auxiliary contact holding member, and the auxiliary contact support portion connects the insulating auxiliary contact holding member and the movable iron core.

US Pat. No. 10,170,260

ELECTROMAGNETIC RELAY

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An electromagnetic relay comprising:a base;
an electromagnet block having a spool in which a through hole opening at a flange portion is formed, the electromagnet block being mounted on an upper surface of the base;
a movable iron piece configured to be rotatable based on excitation and non-excitation of the electromagnet block;
a movable contact piece configured to be rotatable integrally with the movable iron piece;
a movable contact fixed to a free end of the movable contact piece; and
a fixed contact fixed to a fixed contact terminal, and disposed so as to be connected with and separable from the movable contact along with rotation of the movable contact piece, wherein
an insulating rib is formed in a projecting manner on at least one of an inward facing surface of a spacer integrally formed with the movable iron piece and an outward facing surface of the flange portion such that the insulating rib intercepts a straight line which connects a magnetic pole portion which is one end portion of an iron core which projects from the through hole and the fixed contact or the fixed contact terminal with a shortest distance.

US Pat. No. 10,170,259

SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF A CONTACTOR USING A HIGH SIDE SENSE CIRCUIT AND A LOW SIDE SENSE CIRCUIT

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A system for controlling operation of a contactor having a contactor coil and a contact, comprising:a microcontroller having an analog-to-digital converter, and a first output port controlling whether a low side end of the contactor coil is electrically coupled to electrical ground, and a second output port controlling whether a high side end of the contactor coil receives an energization voltage;
a low side sense line being electrically coupled to the low side end and a low side sense circuit and the analog-to-digital converter;
the microcontroller stopping a generation of a first control signal on the first output port to electrically de-coupled the low side end of the contactor coil from the electrical ground;
the low side sense circuit receiving a first signal from the low side sense line and outputting a low side sense signal corresponding to the first signal;
the analog-to-digital converter receiving the low side sense signal and outputting a low side sense value corresponding to the low side sense signal; and
the microcontroller stopping a generation of a second control signal on the second output port to remove the energization voltage from the high side end of the contactor coil to move the contact to the open operational position in response to the low side sense value being greater than a first threshold voltage value indicating that the contact has a closed operational position after the microcontroller stopped generating the first control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,258

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A CHANGE OF OPERATING STATE OF AN ELECTROMECHANICAL COMPONENT AND CORRESPONDING DEVICE

STMicroelectronics (Rouss...

1. A method for controlling an electromechanical component, the method comprising:transitioning the electromechanical component from a first operating state to a second operating state by:
charging a capacitor coupled to a first terminal of an inductive element of the electromechanical component, and
after charging the capacitor, generating a first current from a power supply while simultaneously generating a second current by partially discharging the capacitor, the first current and the second current forming a third current flowing through the inductive element from the first terminal of the inductive element to a second terminal of the inductive element;
maintaining the electromechanically component in the second operating state by preventing current from flowing through the inductive element;
transitioning the electromechanical component from the second operating state to the first operating state by:
discharging the capacitor, and
after discharging the capacitor, generating a fourth current from the power supply, the fourth current flowing through the inductive element from the second terminal of the inductive element to the first terminal of the inductive element; and
maintaining the electromechanically component in the first operating state by preventing current from flowing through the inductive element.

US Pat. No. 10,170,257

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING RELAYS

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC IT COR...

1. A relay control circuit configured for use with a relay having a coil voltage input, the relay control circuit comprising:a first input to receive a first voltage capable of energizing the relay from a de-energized state;
a second input to receive a second voltage capable of maintaining the relay in an energized state, the second voltage being less than the first voltage;
a switch disposed between the first input and the coil voltage input, the switch having a control input to receive a control signal that electrically couples the first input to the coil voltage input in response to the control signal having a first state and that electrically decouples the first input from the coil voltage input in response to the control signal having a second state;
a capacitor having a first end directly electrically coupled to a common connection, the common connection being between the coil voltage input and the switch, the capacitor having a second end electrically coupled to ground, wherein the capacitor is configured to hold the coil voltage input at the first voltage for a period of time to energize the relay from the de-energized state after the first input is electrically decoupled from the coil voltage input;
a diode electrically coupled in series between the second input and the coil voltage input; and
a switch control circuit having an input to receive a relay control signal and an output electrically coupled to the control input of the switch, the switch control circuit providing the control signal having the second state in response to assertion of the relay control signal and providing the control signal having the first state in response to de-assertion of the relay control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,256

CIRCUIT BREAKER EQUIPPED WITH AN EXTENSIBLE EXHAUST COVER

GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLO...

1. A medium-, high-, or very high-voltage circuit breaker, comprising at least one arc-control chamber and an outer casing defining a space in which the arc-control chamber is arranged, said arc-control chamber comprising:a first set of electrical contacts and a second set of electrical contacts, arranged at least in such a manner as to enable closing and opening operations of the circuit breaker;
an arc blast nozzle; and
a discharge cap forming a portion of an outer wall of the arc-control chamber, the discharge cap being situated in the space and internally defining a gas-flow chamber situated at least in part downstream from the blast nozzle with which the gas-flow chamber communicates, said discharge cap being suitable for including one or more openings for discharging a gas from the gas-flow chamber towards said space; and
a support that is electrically insulating and that mechanically connects the arc-control chamber to an end wall of the outer casing of the circuit breaker;
wherein the discharge cap comprises at least one portion that is movable under an effect of a gas pressure in the gas-flow chamber, so that a volume of the discharge cap is extensible.

US Pat. No. 10,170,255

VACUUM CAPACITOR SWITCH WITH PRE-INSERTION CONTACT

1. A vacuum capacitor switch with a pre-insertion contact, comprising:a vacuum enclosure;
a first contact system includes a moving contact and a stationary contact structure, said stationary contact structure includes a stationary contact support and a stationary contact, said stationary contact support includes a substantial bowl shaped cross section with angled side walls, said stationary contact extends from a bottom of said stationary contact support, said stationary contact structure is retained inside said vacuum enclosure at substantially at one end thereof, said angled side walls form an acute angle with a lengthwise axis of said vacuum enclosure; and
a second contact system includes a moving contact rod, a floating contact rod and a biasing device, said floating contact rod is retained at the other one end of said vacuum enclosure, said biasing device is retained on the other end of said vacuum enclosure, substantially one end of said floating contact rod is retained by said biasing device, the other end of said floating contact rod is biased toward the one end of said vacuum enclosure, said moving contact is retained on said moving contact rod, said biasing device includes a bracket and a threaded adjuster, said bracket is secured to said vacuum enclosure, said threaded adjuster is retained by said bracket, said floating contact rod is threadably engaged with said threaded adjuster, said floating contact rod is axially adjustable relative to said bracket, wherein a load is electrically connected between said stationary contact and said floating rod.

US Pat. No. 10,170,254

KEY STRUCTURE

PRIMAX ELECTRONICS LTD., ...

1. A key structure, comprising:a flexible key cap, exposed out of the key structure, and configured to be pressed to deform;
a conducting plate, fixed on an inner surface of the flexible key cap and in contact with a plurality of inner sidewalls of the flexible key cap;
a switch circuit board, disposed below the conducting plate, and configured to be triggered due to deformation of the flexible key cap, so as to generate a key signal; and
an elastic element, disposed between the conducting plate and the switch circuit board, and configured to be pushed by the conducting plate to press the switch circuit board, wherein when the flexible key cap is pressed and receives a pressing force, the conducting plate twists due to the flexible key cap that deforms and pushes the plurality of inner sidewalls of the flexible key cap, so as to conduct the pressing force to a corner of the flexible key cap,
wherein the flexible key cap comprises:
a plurality of oblique pyramids, wherein each of the oblique pyramids corresponds to the inner sidewall of the key cap and extends out of the corresponding inner sidewall of the key cap, and the oblique pyramid is disposed on the corresponding inner sidewall of the key cap and is approximate to the corner of the flexible key cap; and
a fixing column, disposed on an inner surface of the key cap and extending out of the inner surface of the key cap.

US Pat. No. 10,170,253

KEY SCISSOR-TYPE CONNECTING ELEMENT WITH AN ELASTIC CONTACT PART

PRIMAX ELECTRONICS LTD., ...

1. A key structure, comprising:a base plate comprising a first open-type hook, a second open-type hook and a bulge;
a keycap disposed over the base plate and movable relative to the base plate; and
a scissors-type connecting element connected with the keycap, the first open-type hook and the second open-type hook, wherein while the scissors-type connecting element is swung, the keycap is moved relative to the base plate, wherein the scissors-type connecting element comprises:
a first frame having a first end connected with the keycap and a second end connected with the first open-type hook, wherein the first frame comprises a first base post and an elastic contact part, wherein the first base post is located at a second end of the first frame and connected with the first open-type hook, the elastic contact part is located at the second end of the first frame and arranged beside the first base post, and the elastic contact part is contacted with the bulge to prevent detachment of the first base post from the first open-type hook, wherein the first frame further comprises a first keycap post, which is located at a first end of the first frame and connected with a movable hook of the keycap, wherein while the keycap is moved relative to the base plate, the first keycap post is slid within the movable hooks; and
a second frame combined with the first frame, wherein a first end of the second frame is connected with the second open-type hook, and a second end of the second frame is connected with the keycap.

US Pat. No. 10,170,252

MICRO-SWITCH AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

JOHNSON ELECTRIC S.A., M...

1. An electric micro-switch comprising a switching mechanism having two stationary electric contacts and at least one counter contact engaged in a spring holder, wherein each stationary contact has a profiled section, and the profiled section has a longitudinal arched extension, a bent portion formed in the longitudinal arched extension and having an outer surface that is, at least in section, formed in a rounded manner, and a contact region defined on the outer surface of the bent portion, a longitudinal direction of the two stationary electric contacts is transverse to a longitudinal direction of the counter contact, the two stationary electric contacts and the spring holder are not coplanar, and a longitudinal extension of the counter contact is perpendicular to the longitudinal extension of the stationary electric contact.

US Pat. No. 10,170,251

CARBON NANOSHEETS

The Governors of the Univ...

1. A method of forming a carbon nanosheet, the method comprising exfoliating crystalline cellulose followed by carbonizing the crystalline cellulose to create carbonized crystalline cellulose, wherein the crystalline cellulose comprises crystalline cellulose hemp fibrils.

US Pat. No. 10,170,250

DYE SENSITIZED PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE

King Fahd University of P...

1. A dye sensitized photoelectric conversion device, comprising:a layer, comprising:
an anode,
a semiconductor, and
a light absorbing compound;
an iodine redox couple electrolytic solution, and
a passive substrate, comprising:
a cathode,
wherein the semiconductor and the light absorbing compound are between the anode and the cathode,
wherein the light absorbing compound is chemisorbed on the semiconductor;
wherein the semiconductor is a metal oxide, and
wherein the light absorbing compound has formula (I):
wherein A1 is a divalent thiophene group of formula (I?)A2 is a divalent 5-membered heterocyclic group of formula (II?), (III?), (IV?), or (V?):
A3 is an aromatic hydrocarbon chromophore of formula (VI?), (VII?), or (VIII?)

wherein R1 is H, OH, C1-C6 alkyl, Cl, Br, F, or I, m is 1 and n is 0 or 1.

US Pat. No. 10,170,249

MULTI-LAYER CAPACITOR PACKAGE

International Business Ma...

1. A substrate assembly comprising:a first ceramic layer;
a first layer of one or more electrodes connected to the first ceramic layer;
a first high dielectric constant layer connected to the first layer of one or more electrodes,
wherein a quantity of ceramic particles in the first high dielectric constant layer is adjusted to control a dielectric constant of the first high dielectric constant layer,
wherein the ceramic particles are selected from the group consisting of strontium titanate and barium titanate,
wherein the first high dielectric constant layer has a thickness ranging from 1 ?m to 10 ?m;
a second layer of one or more electrodes connected to the first high dielectric constant layer;
a second high dielectric constant layer connected to the first layer of one or more electrodes;
a third layer of one or more electrodes connected to the second high dielectric constant layer;
a second ceramic layer connected to the third layer of one or more electrodes;
two or more holes, wherein each of the two or more holes is formed through at least one ceramic layer, at least one layer of one or more electrodes, and at least one high dielectric constant layer;
electrically conductive structures formed in the two or more holes,
wherein each of the electrically conductive structures is physically connected to at least one of the electrodes, thereby forming at least three sets,
wherein each of the sets is physically separated from at least one of the other sets; and an electrically conductive surface pad at a termination of the two or more holes.

US Pat. No. 10,170,248

STRUCTURE AND METHODS OF FORMING THE STRUCTURE

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a three-dimensional (3D) memory cell region; and
a peripheral region adjacent to the memory cell region to supply at least one voltage to the 3D memory cell region, the peripheral region including:
a first conductive level, a second conductive level above the first conductive level and a third conductive level above the second conductive level, each of the conductive levels stepped back from an upper surface end portion of an underlying one of remaining ones of the conductive levels; and
first and second dielectric levels, each dielectric level disposed between respective adjacent conductive levels, each of the dielectric levels not covering at least some part of the upper surface end portion of an underlying conductive level.

US Pat. No. 10,170,247

MULTILAYER CAPACITOR AND INSTALLATION STRUCTURE OF MULTILAYER CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A multilayer capacitor comprising:a multilayer capacitor main body which includes first and second main surfaces, first and second side surfaces, and first and second end surfaces, the first and second main surfaces extending in a length direction and a width direction, the first and second side surfaces extending in the length direction and a thickness direction, and the first and second end surfaces extending in the width direction and the thickness direction;
a first inner electrode extending in the length direction and the thickness direction and including a first effective portion, a first extending portion, and a second extending portion, the first extending portion being connected to the first effective portion and extending to the second main surface, and the second extending portion being connected to the first effective portion and extending to the second main surface;
a second inner electrode extending in the length direction and the thickness direction and including a second effective portion and a third extending portion, the second effective portion facing the first effective portion in the width direction, and the third extending portion being connected to the second effective portion, not facing the first inner electrode, and extending to the second main surface;
a first terminal electrode which is connected to an exposed portion of the first extending portion at the second main surface and extends across a portion of the second main surface on a side of the first end surface in the length direction and the first end surface;
a second terminal electrode which is connected to the second extending portion at the second main surface and extends across a portion of the second main surface on a side of the second end surface in the length direction and the second end surface; and
a third terminal electrode which is connected to an exposed portion of the third extending portion at the second main surface and extends across a portion of the second main surface between the first terminal electrode and the second terminal electrode in the length direction; wherein
a minimum distance in a direction along the first extending portion and the second extending portion between the first effective portion and the second main surface is shorter than any of a dimension in the thickness direction of the first extending portion, a dimension in the thickness direction of the second extending portion, and a dimension in the thickness direction of the third extending portion;
a minimum distance in a direction along the third extending portion between the second effective portion and the second main surface is shorter than any of the dimension in the thickness direction of the first extending portion, the dimension in the thickness direction of the second extending portion and the dimension in the thickness direction of the third extending portion;
the first effective portion includes a first projecting portion, and a minimum distance between a center region of the first inner electrode and the second main surface is greater than a minimum distance between the first projecting portion and the second main surface;
the first inner electrode is spaced away from the first and second end surfaces;
the first projecting portion projects toward the second main surface in a region where the first extending portion, the second extending portion and the third extending portion are not provided in the length direction when viewed from the width direction;
the second effective portion includes a second projecting portion which projects toward the second main surface in a region where the first extending portion, the second extending portion and the third extending portion are not provided in the length direction when viewed from the width direction;
the first projecting portion is facing the second projecting portion in the width direction;
the first projecting portion and the second projecting portion are arranged at least between the first extending portion and the third extending portion when viewed from the width direction; and
the first projecting portion and the second projecting portion extend across from an edge of the first extending portion on a side of the second end surface in the length direction to an edge of the third extending portion on a side of the first end surface in the length direction when viewed from the width direction.

US Pat. No. 10,170,246

CAPACITOR COMPONENT WITH METALLIC PROTECTION PATTERN FOR IMPROVED MECHANICAL STRENGTH AND MOISTURE PROOF RELIABILITY

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A capacitor component comprising:a body including a plurality of dielectric layers having a stacked structure, and first and second internal electrodes which are alternately disposed while having the dielectric layer interposed therebetween; and
first and second external electrodes formed on an outer surface of the body, and connected to the first and second internal electrodes, respectively,
wherein the body includes an active region having capacity by the first and second internal electrodes and a cover region located above and below the active region,
the cover region includes a protection pattern of a metal material having a plate shape connected to the first external electrode or the second external electrode,
the protection pattern does not overlap with an internal electrode having a different polarity among the first and second internal electrodes in a stacking direction of the first and second internal electrodes, and
the protection pattern has a shape having a width greater than that of either of the first and second internal electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,170,245

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING MULTIPLAYER CAPACITOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A method of manufacturing a multilayer capacitor, comprising:preparing a sheet;
forming a plurality of inner electrodes on the sheet;
cutting the sheet;
forming a laminate by laminating portions of the cut sheet;
forming a sealing portion on two lateral surfaces of the laminate; and
forming an external terminal on upper and lower surfaces of the laminate,
wherein each of the inner electrodes has at least two lead portions being respectively exposed to the upper and lower surfaces of the laminate,
wherein the inner electrodes include a fist inner electrode and a second inner electrode, the first inner electrode is exposed to the first lateral surface and unexposed from the second lateral surface, and the second inner electrode is exposed to the second lateral surface and unexposed from the fist lateral surface,
wherein the sealing portion which encapsulates the first inner electrode and a second portion which encapsulates the second inner electrode, the fist portion is disposed on the fist lateral surface and the second portion is disposed on the second lateral surface, and
wherein the sealing portion has insulating characteristics.

US Pat. No. 10,170,244

FABRICATION OF POROUS SILICON ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITORS

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A method of making a charge storage structure, the method comprising:forming pores in a low-purity silicon substrate to form a low purity porous silicon structure wherein the low purity silicon substrate has a purity of 99.999 percent or less purity of silicon; and
forming an electrochemical capacitor comprising one of (1) a first low purity porous silicon structure and a second low purity porous silicon structure separated by an electrical insulator comprising a dielectric material, or (2) a first low purity porous silicon section and a second low purity porous silicon section separated by an electrical insulator comprising a dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,243

MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A multilayer ceramic capacitor comprising:a multilayer body including a plurality of dielectric layers that are stacked on one another, a first main surface and a second main surface facing each other, a first side surface and a second side surface facing each other, and a first end surface and a second end surface facing each other;
inner electrodes stacked such that the inner electrodes and the plurality of dielectric layers are alternately arranged;
outer electrodes disposed on at least the first end surface and the second end surface; wherein
the inner electrodes include a first inner electrode, a second inner electrode, a third inner electrode, a fourth inner electrode, and a fifth inner electrode;
the first inner electrode, the second inner electrode, the third inner electrode, the fourth inner electrode, and the fifth inner electrode are disposed on different planes;
the first inner electrode includes a first end and a second end, the first end of the first inner electrode extending to the first end surface;
the second inner electrode includes a first end and a second end, the first end of the second inner electrode extending to the second end surface;
the third inner electrode is arranged alternately with each of the first inner electrode and the second inner electrode;
the third inner electrode includes a first end and a second end that do not extend to the first end surface or to the second end surface;
the fourth inner electrode is located between the first inner electrode or the second inner electrode that is closest to the first main surface and the fifth inner electrode;
the fourth inner electrode is located between the first inner electrode or the second inner electrode that is closest to the second main surface and the fifth inner electrode;
the fourth inner electrode includes a first portion located near the first end surface and a second portion located near the second end surface, the first portion and the second portion of the fourth inner electrode are spaced apart from each other in a center portion of the multilayer body in a length direction of the multilayer body, the first portion and the second portion of the fourth inner electrode do not extend to the first end surface or to the second end surface;
the fifth inner electrode is located closest to the first main surface of the multilayer body, and is located closest to the second main surface of the multilayer body;
the fifth inner electrode includes a first portion located near the first end surface and a second portion located near the second end surface, the first portion and the second portion of the fifth inner electrode are spaced apart from each other in the center portion of the multilayer body in the length direction of the multilayer body, an end of the first portion of the fifth inner electrode, which is closer to the first end surface, extends to the first end surface, an end of the second portion of the fifth inner electrode, which is closer to the second end surface, extends to the second end surface;
a first auxiliary electrode is disposed on a same plane as the first inner electrode and spaced apart from the first inner electrode;
a second auxiliary electrode is disposed on a same plane as the second inner electrode and spaced apart from the second inner electrode;
a third auxiliary electrode is disposed on a same plane as the third inner electrode and includes a first portion and a second portion spaced apart from each other with the third inner electrode therebetween;
a fourth auxiliary electrode is disposed on a same plane as the fourth inner electrode and includes a first portion and a second portion such that the first portion and the second portion of the fourth auxiliary electrode are spaced apart from the first portion and the second portion of the fourth inner electrode, respectively;
the first auxiliary electrode extends to the second end surface;
the second auxiliary electrode extends to the first end surface;
the first portion of the third auxiliary electrode extends to the first end surface;
the second portion of the third auxiliary electrode extends to the second end surface;
the first portion of the fourth auxiliary electrode extends to the first end surface;
the second portion of the fourth auxiliary electrode extends to the second end surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,242

COMPOSITE ELECTRONIC COMPONENT, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, BOARD FOR MOUNTING THEREOF, AND PACKAGING UNIT THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A composite electronic component comprising:a composite body including a capacitor and an electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection device coupled to each other, the capacitor including a ceramic body in which a plurality of dielectric layers and internal electrodes are stacked with a respective dielectric layer interposed between the internal electrodes, and the ESD protection device including first and second electrodes disposed on the ceramic body, a discharging part disposed between the first and second electrodes, and a protective layer disposed on the first and second electrodes and the discharging part to substantially cover the entirety of upper surfaces of the first and second electrodes and the discharging part;
an input terminal disposed to cover an entirety of a first end surface of the composite body in a length direction of the composite body, partially disposed on a surface of the protective layer in a thickness direction, and connected to internal electrodes of the capacitor and the first electrode; and
a ground terminal disposed to cover an entirety of a second end surface of the composite body in the length direction, partially disposed on a surface of the protective layer in a thickness direction, and connected to internal electrodes of the capacitor and the second electrode,
wherein the protective layer ends, in the length direction, at a respective end surface of the composite body.

US Pat. No. 10,170,241

MULTILAYER ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A multilayer electronic component, comprising:a multilayer body comprising stacked insulating layers and internal coil parts disposed on the insulating layers;
external electrodes disposed on an outer portion of the multilayer body and connected to the internal coil parts; and
a material layer disposed on an outer surface of an outermost internal coil part among the internal coil parts and having a specific resistance that is lower than a specific resistance of the internal coil parts,
wherein the outermost coil part is disposed adjacent to a side surface of the multilayer body.

US Pat. No. 10,170,240

METHOD FOR FORMING A FRAME CORE HAVING A CENTER LEG FOR AN INDUCTIVE COMPONENT AND FRAME CORE PRODUCED ACCORDINGLY

1. A method for forming a frame core having a center leg for an inductive component, wherein the frame core is formed integrally with the center leg, and wherein an air gap is molded into the center leg during the formation of the frame core.

US Pat. No. 10,170,239

MAGNETIC COIL MANUFACTURING

ROLF PRETTL, Tuebeingen ...

1. A method of manufacturing a magnetic coil for a magnetic actuator, the method comprising the following steps:providing a coil carrier comprising a tubular section and a collar, wherein the coil carrier is arranged for accommodating a coil winding,
providing a magnet pot comprising a defined inner contour which is adapted to the coil carrier,
inserting the coil carrier in the magnet pot, wherein the collar of the coil carrier rests on a seating surface of the magnet pot,
punching the collar with a punch that cooperates with the magnet pot, wherein, at the collar, a flange contour is formed such that an outline is defined by the inner contour of the magnet pot,
arranging the coil carrier in the magnet pot, wherein the flange contour is arranged in a fashion recessed with respect to the seating surface, and
at least sectionally filling the magnet pot with a filler material, wherein the flange contour provides a barrier for the filler material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,238

HAND TOOL DEVICE HAVING AT LEAST ONE CHARGING COIL

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A hand tool device, comprising:at least one charging coil for inductive charging which includes at least one coil core which is at least partially made of a ceramic material and which is provided for transmitting energy, and at least one wound electrical conductor;
wherein the coil core is configured as a composite component, has at least two magnetic field bundling elements including an upper part bundling element and a lower part bundling element which are made of a ceramic material, and are at least partially formed by a film which glues the upper part bundling element and the lower part bundling element, wherein the upper part bundling element has a diameter that is three times a diameter of the lower part bundling element,
wherein the film is attached to an upper side of the at least one magnetic field bundling element, and the at least one wound electrical conductor is arranged on a lower side of the at least one magnetic field bundling element, wherein the upper side is facing away from the at least one magnetic field bundling element in a first direction and the lower side is facing away from the at least one magnetic field bundling element in a second direction, wherein the first direction is opposite to the second direction,
wherein the entire at least one magnetic field bundling element is surrounded by the film,
wherein the coil core has a toroid shape,
wherein the magnetic field bundling element has a toroid shape,
wherein the magnetic field bundling element surrounds the wound electrical conductor only on an upper side and an inner side,
wherein the coil core is at least partially made of a soft elastic material,
wherein the coil core is made of at least one sintered powder or pellets.

US Pat. No. 10,170,237

PLATE-SHAPED LEAKAGE STRUCTURE AS AN INSERT IN A MAGNETIC CORE

1. A plate-shaped leakage structure as an insert in a magnetic core having a magnetic field direction for an inductive component, the plate-shaped leakage structure having a length direction, a width direction and a thickness direction representing mutually perpendicular directions, wherein the length directions indicates a direction along which the dimension of the plate-shaped leakage structure is longer than dimension along the width and thickness directions, wherein the plate-shaped leakage structure comprises:a first leakage structure portion, a second leakage structure portion, and a third leakage structure portion arranged along the length direction such that the first to third leakage structure portions combine to form a main plane, the main plane being normal to the thickness direction, wherein each of the first to third leakage structure portions is formed of a first material which comprises a ferrite material;
a first spacer formed of a second material which, as opposed to the first material, has a lower magnetic permeability, wherein the first spacer passes through the plate-shaped leakage structure along the thickness direction and the width direction, thereby separating the first leakage structure portion from the second leakage structure portion along the length direction, and
a second spacer formed of the second material, wherein the second spacer passes through the plate-shaped leakage structure along the thickness direction and the width direction, thereby separating the second leakage structure portion from the third leakage structure portion along the length direction,
wherein each of the first and second spacers are sintered into the plate-shaped leakage structure and separate the leakage structure portions by a distance smaller than a thickness of the plate-shaped leakage structure measured along the thickness direction thereof, and
wherein said first, second, and third leakage structure portions each have a bearing surface formed on the main plane with each of the bearing surfaces covered by a magnetic core section and positioned within the magnetic core of the inductive component with the magnetic field direction being perpendicular to the bearing surfaces and the main plane of the plate-shaped leakage structure.

US Pat. No. 10,170,236

COIL UNIT

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A coil unit comprising:a first case and a second case facing each other in a predetermined direction, the first case and the second case defining an accommodation space inside when joined with each other;
a ferrite plate, a coil and a shield member that are arranged in the accommodation space; and
a seal member attached to the second case for taking a wiring member outside from an inside of the accommodation space, the wiring member being electrically connected to the coil, wherein
the first case includes a first plate portion, a first circumferential wall portion provided so as to be upright from a periphery of the first plate portion, and a first joint face located at a distal end of the first circumferential wall portion in a direction in which the first circumferential wall portion is upright, and the first case is configured such that magnetic fluxes pass through the first case,
the second case includes a second plate portion arranged to face the first plate portion, a second circumferential wall portion provided so as to be upright from a periphery of the second plate portion, and a second joint face located at a distal end of the second circumferential wall portion in a direction in which the second circumferential wall portion is upright, and the second case is configured to block magnetic fluxes,
the first case and the second case define the accommodation space when the first joint face and the second joint face are joined with each other,
the ferrite plate is arranged in the accommodation space such that a thickness direction of the ferrite plate is parallel to the predetermined direction,
the coil is arranged between the first plate portion and the ferrite plate such that a winding axis of the coil is parallel to the predetermined direction,
the shield member is arranged between the second plate portion and the ferrite plate so as to support the ferrite plate,
at least part of a portion at which the first joint face and the second joint face are joined with each other is located closer to the second plate portion than a position of the ferrite plate in a direction parallel to the predetermined direction,
the second case further includes a protruding portion and a through-hole, the protruding portion protrudes outward from a position of the second circumferential wall portion when viewed in the direction parallel to the predetermined direction, the through-hole extends through the protruding portion and the second circumferential wall portion so as to communicate with the accommodation space, the wiring member and the seal member are arranged inside the through-hole,
an inner periphery of the second case, which defines the through-hole, includes a large-diameter portion and a small-diameter portion, the large-diameter portion is provided at an end opposite from a side on which the accommodation space is located and at a position that does not overlap with the second joint face when viewed in the direction parallel to the predetermined direction, the small-diameter portion connects the large-diameter portion with the accommodation space, the small-diameter portion is smaller in inside diameter than the large-diameter portion, and
the seal member is arranged inside the large-diameter portion.

US Pat. No. 10,170,235

REACTOR

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A reactor comprising:a coil formed by winding a wire about an axis; and
a magnetic core having a portion disposed inside the coil,
wherein the magnetic core includes a terminal-equipped outer core component, the terminal-equipped outer core component including:
a side main portion protruding from the coil and constituting a magnetic circuit;
a terminal fitting connected to an end portion of the wire;
a side resin-molded portion configured to integrally hold the side main portion and the terminal fitting, wherein:
the terminal-equipped outer core component includes a fixing portion that is formed of a resin of the side resin-molded portion and that holds the terminal fitting, the fixing portion being oriented on an external front face of the side of the side resin-molded portion, the external front face extending perpendicular to a direction parallel to the axis, and
the fixing portion includes a shaft portion that is inserted into at least one fixing hole provided in the terminal fitting and a head portion that extends continuous with the shaft portion in the direction parallel to the axis, and that has a portion larger than a minimum diameter of the fixing hole, such that the terminal fitting is attached to the external front face through the shaft portion.

US Pat. No. 10,170,234

COIL DEVICE CAPABLE OF PERFORMING A WIRE CONNECTION

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A coil device comprising:a magnetic core having a winding core wound by a wire to form a coil;
a first flange and a second flange having a substantially planar shape and integrally formed at both ends in the winding axis direction of the winding core; and
a terminal electrode attached on an outer end surface of the first flange formed at an end in a winding axis direction of the winding core, wherein the terminal electrode comprises:
an attachment piece contacted with the outer end surface of the first flange;
a wire connection rising piece integrally risen from one end in a longitudinal direction of the attachment piece along a side surface in a first axis direction of the first flange; and
a connection piece formed integrally with an upper end side of the wire connection rising piece and having a welded ball connected to a lead part of the wire by laser welding, and wherein
a laser shielding member is arranged between the welded ball and the magnetic core,
the side surface in the first axis direction of the first flange includes:
a rising piece facing plane facing the wire connection rising piece in such a manner as to be contactable with the wire connection rising piece to position the connection piece; and
a terminal space concave part caved inside from the rising piece facing plane to form a space between the terminal space concave part and the wire connection rising piece,
the shielding member is formed integrally with the wire connection rising piece of the terminal electrode,
the shielding member is held in space between the welded ball and the terminal space concave part of the magnetic core,
the first flange has notches dented more largely than the second flange so that an outer shape size of the first flange is smaller than that of the second flange,
the rising piece facing plane and the terminal space concave part are formed on the notches, and
the wire connection rising piece is located inside the notches.

US Pat. No. 10,170,233

COIL COMPONENT

SUMIDA CORPORATION, Chuo...

1. A coil component comprising:a core formed by a magnetic material;
a coil embedded in the core, a part of a terminal portion of the coil protruding outside of the core;
a tabular terminal, one end being embedded in the core, and an other end protruding outside of the core and being connected with the protruding part of the terminal portion of the coil, and
a groove formed in a side surface of the core, the groove having a plane parallel to and recessed inward from a side surface of the core, the groove extending from a position where the terminal portion of the coil and the tabular terminal protrude outside of the core toward a bottom surface of the core,
wherein the protruding part of the terminal portion of the coil and the protruding part of the tabular terminal protrude outside of the core at an upper end part of the groove,
wherein the protruding part of the terminal portion of the coil and the protruding part of the tabular terminal are, respectively, bent toward the bottom surface of the core along the plane of the groove, and
wherein apart of the side surface of the core above where the terminal portion of the coil and the tabular terminal protrude outside of the core being located on a plane of the side surface of the core which is disposed outward from the plane of the groove.

US Pat. No. 10,170,232

TOROID INDUCTOR WITH REDUCED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD LEAKAGE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A coupled toroid inductor comprising:a first toroid inductor and a second toroid inductor, wherein the first toroid inductor is separate from and co-planar with the second toroid inductor along a multi-layer dielectric substrate, the first and/or second toroid inductors comprising:
(i) a plurality of first turns configured in a first ring shape, the plurality of first turns comprising:
a plurality of first upper interconnects, wherein the plurality of first upper interconnects includes individual substantially rectangular trace segments on a first metal layer of the multi-layer dielectric substrate;
a plurality of first lower interconnects, wherein the plurality of first lower interconnects includes individual substantially rectangular trace segments on a second metal layer of the multi-layer dielectric substrate; and
a plurality of first vias coupled to the plurality of first upper interconnects and to the plurality of first lower interconnects; and
(ii) a plurality of second turns at least partially intertwined with the plurality of first turns, wherein the plurality of second turns is configured in a second ring shape, the plurality of second turns comprising:
a plurality of second upper interconnects, wherein the plurality of second upper interconnects includes individual substantially rectangular trace segments on the first metal layer of the multi-layer dielectric substrate;
a plurality of second lower interconnects, wherein the plurality of second lower interconnects includes individual substantially rectangular trace segments on the second metal layer of the multi-layer dielectric substrate; and
a plurality of second vias coupled to the plurality of second upper interconnects and to the plurality of second lower interconnects,
wherein the at least partial intertwining of at least some of the first turns and second turns form an enclosure for the multi-layer dielectric substrate configured to reduce electromagnetic field leakage from the toroid inductor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,231

CHOKE AND CHOKE CORE

1. A choke with two coils and a core in an interleaved circuit connected to a common signal source and having a first switch and a second switch, comprising:a core having lateral legs with each of the lateral legs having a first magnetic reluctance or resistance and comprising a first material with a first cross section and a middle leg having a second magnetic reluctance or resistance comprising a second material with a second cross section, said core forming two loops with the middle leg as a common section;
a first coil placed around a first one of the lateral legs, said first coil coupled to the common signal source and the first switch;
a second coil placed around a second one of the lateral legs, said second coil coupled to the common signal source and the second switch;
wherein the second cross section of the middle leg is less than twice the first cross section of the lateral legs;
wherein the first and second materials are different and the second material of the middle leg has a higher magnetic permeability than a magnetic permeability of the first material of the lateral legs;
wherein the first magnetic reluctance or resistance of each of the lateral legs is at least twenty times greater than the second magnetic reluctance or resistance of the middle leg; and
wherein the coupling factor of the first and second coils is less than five percent,
whereby the choke and the interleaved circuit is capable of being made compact with small losses and low weight.

US Pat. No. 10,170,230

POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An electric supply apparatus configured to contactlessly supply electric power using electromagnetic induction to an electric reception section provided in a vehicle, the electric supply apparatus comprising:an electric supply coil having a ring-shape and a hollow portion, and configured to supply electric power to the electric reception section;
a first cover covering the hollow portion of the electric supply coil, said first cover configured to face the electric reception section; and
a second cover covering the hollow portion of the electric supply coil, said second cover configured to face the electric reception section and being placed between the first cover and the electric supply coil, wherein
a part of the second cover is distinct from the first cover,
at least the part of the second cover covering the hollow portion of the electric supply coil and being between the first cover and the electric supply coil, has higher heat resistant properties than the first cover covering the hollow portion of the electric supply coil.

US Pat. No. 10,170,229

CHIP ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND BOARD HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A chip electronic component comprising:an insulating substrate;
a first coil part disposed on one surface of the insulating substrate;
a second coil part disposed on the other surface of the insulating substrate opposing the one surface of the insulating substrate;
a via connecting the first and second internal coil parts to each other while penetrating through the insulating substrate;
first and second via pads disposed on the one surface and the other surface of the insulating substrate, respectively, so as to cover the via; and
a first dummy pattern disposed in a region of the one surface of the insulating substrate adjacent to the first via pad, and a second dummy pattern disposed in a region of the other surface of the insulating substrate adjacent to the second via pad,
wherein the first and second dummy patterns are physically and electrically separated from each other,
portions of the first and second via pads facing the first and second dummy patterns, respectively, are formed to have a curved surface, and
the first and second dummy patterns are formed to have a curved shape, depending on a shape of the first and second via pads, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,170,228

MAGNETIC APPARATUS

NATIONAL SYNCHROTRON RADI...

1. A magnetic apparatus, including:a first conductive feature configured to generate a first magnetic field, the first conductive feature including:
a first leg;
a second leg separate from the first leg; and
a first frame configured to connect the first leg to the second leg; and
a second conductive feature configured to generate a second magnetic field, wherein a direction of the second magnetic field is different from that of the first magnetic field, the first conductive feature and the second conductive feature, electrically isolated from each other, are configured to direct an electron having an energy ranging from 50 to 250 MeV, and the second conductive feature includes:
a third leg;
a fourth leg separate from the third leg; and
a second frame configured to connect the third leg to the fourth leg, wherein the first leg, the second leg, the third leg and the fourth leg together define a first space,
wherein the electron penetrates the first space and is redirected in the first space,
wherein the first conductive feature is configured to conduct a current, the current flowing from the first leg to the second leg,
wherein each of the first conductive feature and the second conductive feature is configured to conduct a current the first conductive feature generates the first magnetic field in response to the current, and the second conductive feature generates the second magnetic field in response to the current, and
wherein the current is in a half-sinewave form.

US Pat. No. 10,170,227

ELECTOMAGNETIC DRIVER

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An electromagnetic driver comprising:a stationary core;
a movable core located to face the stationary core with a variable gap relative to the stationary core, the movable core being configured to be reciprocable relative to the stationary core;
a spring configured to urge the movable core to be away from the stationary core; and
a coil configured to generate magnetic flux when energized,
wherein the stationary core comprises:
a main magnetic circuit through which a first component of the magnetic flux flows,
the main magnetic circuit being configured such that:
first pulling force generated based on the first component of the magnetic flux flowing through the main magnetic path pulls the movable core in a reciprocation direction of the movable core; and
the first pulling force increases with a reduction of a dimension of the gap; and
an auxiliary magnetic circuit through which a second component of the magnetic flux flows,
the auxiliary magnetic circuit being configured such that:
second pulling force generated based on the second component of the magnetic flux flowing through the auxiliary magnetic path pulls the movable core in the reciprocation direction of the movable core; and
the second pulling force with the dimension of the gap being within a first range is changed to be higher than the second pulling force with the dimension of the gap being within a second range, the second range being smaller than the first range.

US Pat. No. 10,170,226

SPOOL ARRANGEMENT

1. A spool arrangement comprising a spool member having a coil embedded in a spool housing made of plastic material and protection means comprising at least two parts together forming a receiving volume, said spool member being located in said receiving volume, wherein said parts form protective walls on all sides of said receiving volume, and wherein said coil is wound on a core, said core having an longitudinal axis, said axis intersecting two end faces of said spool housing wherein said protective walls rest against said end faces only and form a gap with remaining parts of said spool housing.

US Pat. No. 10,170,225

PERMANENT MAGNET AND ROTATING MACHINE INCLUDING THE SAME

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A permanent magnet comprising a periodic structure in which concentrations of Fe and T change alternately,wherein T is at least one of Co or Ni, optionally with one or more additional transition metal elements,
the concentrations change with a period of 3.3 nm or less, and
a concentration difference of Fe in the concentration change is 5 at % or more.

US Pat. No. 10,170,224

LOW TEMPERATURE FABRICATION OF LATERAL THIN FILM VARISTOR

International Business Ma...

1. A lateral thin film varistor device, comprising:a substrate;
a dielectric layer on the substrate;
two electrodes on the dielectric layer and spaced apart from each other in a first, lateral direction; and
a continuous, varistor layer on the dielectric layer and located between, and in contact with, the two electrodes, and comprising regions of a first metal oxide layer, and regions of a second metal oxide layer, and wherein:
the regions of the first metal oxide layer alternate with the regions of the second metal oxide layer in the lateral direction between the two electrodes,
the regions of the second metal oxide layer project outside the regions of the first metal oxide layer in a second, transverse direction perpendicular to the lateral direction, and
two of the regions of the first metal oxide layer are located laterally outside the regions of the second metal oxide layer, in contact with the two electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,170,223

CHIP RESISTOR AND CHIP RESISTOR ASSEMBLY

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. A chip resistor comprising:a base substrate having first and second surfaces opposing each other;
first and second resistor layers separated from each other and disposed on the first surface of the base substrate;
first and second terminals disposed respectively on end portions of the base substrate opposite each other in a longitudinal direction, and connected respectively to first sides of the first and second resistor layers; and
third and fourth terminals disposed between the first and second terminals, and respectively connected to second sides of the first and second resistor layers that respectively oppose the first sides of the first and second resistor layers,
wherein the third and the fourth terminals face each other in a width direction of the base substrate, the width direction being perpendicular to the longitudinal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,170,222

FITTING WITH A COLLAR FOR A POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

MacLean Power, L.L.C., F...

1. A fitting for a power transmission system, the fitting comprising:a first end for coupling to an end of an insulator;
a second end opposite the first end, the second end configured to couple to a power line;
a collar located between the first end and the second end; and
a neck located between the collar and the first end,
wherein an outer diameter of the collar is greater than an outer diameter of the neck, and
wherein the collar includes a notch located adjacent to the neck, the notch having a diameter being greater than the outer diameter of the neck, and the diameter of the notch being less than the outer diameter of the collar such that the notch prevents upside-down installation of a corona ring.

US Pat. No. 10,170,221

FENCE STANDARD

GALLAGHER GROUP LIMITED, ...

1. A fence standard, comprising:an elongate shaft; and
a wire support made of electrically non-conductive material, comprising:
an elongate support member including a first end and a second end, and a longitudinal axis between the first end and the second end; and
an open ended loop made of a length of material bending around to double onto or cross over itself and result in overlapping opposing sections having a gap therebetween to permit passage of a wire into the center of the loop in use, wherein one of the opposing sections includes an end of the loop, and the end of the loop lies within an outer periphery of the other opposing section of the loop,
wherein the length of material forming the open ended loop extends from the first end of the elongate support member in a first direction away from the longitudinal axis before bending around above the first end, and
wherein the elongate support member includes a guide surface facing away from the first direction, the guide surface leading outwardly from the longitudinal axis along a direction from the second end to the first end,
wherein the wire support is connected to the shaft by the elongate support member.

US Pat. No. 10,170,220

EXTENDED FREQUENCY RANGE BALANCED TWISTED PAIR TRANSMISSION LINE OR COMMUNICATION CABLE

Hitachi Cable America, In...

1. A cable for carrying signals having frequencies in the range of 2,000 MHZ, the cable comprising:a plurality of pairs, with each pair comprising first and second insulated conductors;
the first and the second insulated conductors, of each of the plurality of pairs, being twisted with one another to form a twisted pair, and each of the twisted pairs having a different lay length from one another so that one of the plurality of twisted pairs has a shortest lay length and another of the plurality of twisted pairs has a longest lay length;
each of the plurality of twisted pairs being separately wrapped with a hoop strength wrap which maintains mechanical strength and integrity of each one of the twisted pairs during subsequent handing thereof, and a circumference of hoop strength wrap is about 5% or less than a pair minimum circumference of the first and the second insulated conductors of the respective twisted pair;
the plurality of twisted pairs being twisted with one another to form a twisted cable core assembly having a desired lay length of 6 inches or less;
at least one first metallic wrap being provided for shielding and grounding of at least one of the plurality of twisted pairs;
the first and the second insulated conductors, of each of the plurality of twisted pairs, being pretwisted to have a twist length that is less than or equal to 0.5 wavelengths of 2,000 MHZ; and
the plurality of twisted pairs and the at least one metallic tape being surrounded and encased by a conventional exterior jacket to form the cable capable of carrying signals having frequencies in the range of 2.000 MHZ.

US Pat. No. 10,170,219

LOAD CARRYING BUNDLE INTENDED FOR USE IN A POWER CABLE OR A POWER UMBILICAL

AKER SOLUTIONS AS, Lysak...

1. A power umbilical comprising:a number of electric high power cables for transfer of large quantities of electric power/energy;
filler material in the form of stiff elongate polymer elements located at least partially around and between the number of electric cables, said number of electric cables and the stiff elongate polymer elements being gathered in a twisted bundle by means of a laying and closing operation; and
at least one first load carrying bundle made up of a number of load carrying elements arranged at a predetermined location in the cross section of the power umbilical,
wherein the number of electric cables, the stiff elongate polymer elements and the at least one first load carrying bundle, are either laid in a continuous helix, or are alternately laid by a continuously alternating direction, in the entire or part of the longitudinal extension of the power umbilical, to form a power umbilical bundle,
wherein the power umbilical further comprises:
at least one second load carrying bundle comprising a centrally arranged integrated strain sensing fibre optic cable for global strain monitoring,
and a number of individual elongated strength elements helically surrounding the centrally arranged fibre optic cable so that said load carrying elements are laid adjacent to each other to form both a protective enclosure of the fibre optic cable and to provide a frictional bonding between the fibre optic cable and the load carrying elements, said elongate polymer elements being assembled to form conduits respectively encompassing the load carrying elements of the at least one first load carrying bundle or the at least one second load carrying bundle.

US Pat. No. 10,170,218

IGNITION SUPPRESSION CIRCUITING TECHNOLOGY

ISCT LLC, Madisonville, ...

1. A cable system comprising:a cable, said cable having a sheath with an axial pathway running a length of said cable between a first end of said cable and a second end of said cable;
said cable having one or a plurality of electrically conductive wires running through said axial pathway of said sheath for said length of said cable;
said cable having a fluid conduit engaged with or within said sheath and running said length of said cable, said fluid conduit having a sidewall surrounding an axial passage thereof;
wherein said length of said cable is engageable to communicate electricity through said conductive wires between said first end and said second end of said cable and to concurrently communicate a fire suppressant within said fluid conduit, between said first end of said cable and said second end of said cable;
said electrically conductive wires and said fluid conduit at one end of said cable, engageable with a junction box;
a suppressant chamber configured for attachment with said junction box;
said suppressant chamber having a connection for sealed engagement of said axial passage of said fluid conduit, with an internal cavity of said suppressant chamber;
said internal cavity forming a reservoir of a fire suppressant communicated through said axial passage of said fluid conduit from a fire suppressant supply;
said electrically conductive wires having an insulation coating circumferentially engaged thereon, said insulation having a first melting temperature; and
said suppressant chamber being formed of material having a second melting temperature, said first melting temperature exceeding said second melting temperature, whereby said suppressant chamber melts and causes an emission of said fire suppressant from within said internal cavity, only when a temperature of said conductive wires within said junction box or an interior of said junction box, exceeds said second melting temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,170,217

EDGE INSULATION STRUCTURE FOR ELECTRICAL CABLE

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. An edge insulated electrical cable comprising:an electrical cable having a conductive material disposed near a longitudinal edge and susceptible to making electrical contact at the edge, wherein the cable is folded along the length of the cable, the fold defining a first portion facing a second portion, the second portion comprising the longitudinal edge of the cable, and
a bonding material bonding the second portion to the first portion along the length of the cable.

US Pat. No. 10,170,216

EDGE INSULATION STRUCTURE FOR ELECTRICAL CABLE

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A cable comprising:a plurality of substantially parallel conductors extending along a length and arranged along a width of the cable;
a dielectric unitary block disposed at a longitudinal edge, and extending along the length, of the cable, the unitary block spaced apart from the conductors;
first and second non-conductive polymeric layers disposed on opposite first and second sides of the conductors and the unitary block, the first and second non-conductive polymeric layers including cover portions and pinched portions arranged such that, in cross-section, the cover portions of the first and second non-conductive polymeric layers in combination substantially surround each conductor and at least a portion of the unitary block, and the pinched portions of the first and second non-conductive polymeric layers in combination form pinched portions of the cable at least on one side of the unitary block; and
an adhesive layer bonding the first non-conductive polymeric layer to the second non-conductive polymeric layer at least in the pinched portions of the cable.

US Pat. No. 10,170,215

VIBRATION RESISTANT CABLE

Southwire Company, LLC, ...

1. A vibration resistant cable comprising:a first conductor having a diameter d; and
a second conductor having the diameter d, the second conductor twisted around the first conductor at a lay length between 3 feet and 6 feet to eliminate bagging of the vibration resistant cable during installation; wherein:
the first conductor comprises six first aluminum strands surrounding a first core steel strand having a first diameter equal to about 0.0937 inches, and the second conductor comprises six second aluminum strands surrounding a second steel core strand having a second diameter equal to about 0.0937 inches.

US Pat. No. 10,170,214

ECO-FRIENDLY THERMOPLASTIC RESIN COMPOSITION HAVING EXCELLENT ELECTRO-PLATING PROPERTY

Korea Kumho Petrochemical...

1. A thermoplastic resin composition, comprising:10 to 35 wt % of a first graft copolymer resin in which 55 to 65 parts by weight of a diene-based rubber polymer and 35 to 45 parts by weight of a monomer mixture, in which an aromatic vinyl monomer and a vinyl cyanide monomer are mixed in a weight ratio of 60 to 80:20 to 40 respectively, are graft-polymerized;
1 to 12 wt % of a second graft copolymer resin in which 45 to 55 parts by weight of a diene-based rubber polymer and 45 to 55 parts by weight of a monomer mixture, in which an aromatic vinyl monomer and a vinyl cyanide monomer are mixed in a weight ratio of 60 to 80:20 to 40 respectively, are graft-polymerized;
10 to 30 wt % of a first copolymer resin in which an aromatic vinyl monomer and a vinyl cyanide monomer are copolymerized in a weight ratio of 60 to 80:20 to 40 respectively;
30 to 75 wt % of a polycarbonate resin; and
2 to 8 wt % of a conductive filler.

US Pat. No. 10,170,211

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COLLECTING 3HE GAS FROM HEAVY WATER NUCLEAR REACTORS

1. A method of collecting 3He from a nuclear reactor, the method comprising:a. providing heavy water at least part of which is exposed to a neutron flux of the reactor;
b. providing a cover gas in fluid communication with the heavy water;
c. operating the nuclear reactor whereby thermal neutron activation of deuterium in the heavy water produces tritium (3H) and at least some of the tritium produces 3He gas by ??decay and at least a portion of the 3He gas escapes from the heavy water and mixes with the cover gas;
d. extracting an outlet gas stream, the outlet gas stream comprising a mixture of the cover gas and the 3He gas; and
e. separating the 3He gas from the outlet gas stream using at least one of a thermal diffusion process, a fractional diffusion process, a heat flush process, a superleak process and a differential absorption process.

US Pat. No. 10,170,210

DEVICE SYSTEM FOR MILITARY AND/OR HUMANITARIAN OPERATIONS, IN PARTICULAR A MOBILE DECONTAMINATION SYSTEM

KAERCHER FUTURETECH GMBH,...

1. A mobile decontamination system for at least one of radioactive decontamination, disinfection or detoxification, the mobile decontamination system comprising:a plurality of power-operated units including at least one pump for recirculating, conveying or discharging liquids, a heater, and a process controller for controlling the at least one pump and the heater,
a water tank,
cleaning agents or decontaminants,
a load-bearing base plate having a defined placement surface, and
a retaining structure fastened on the defined placement surface and designed to hold the plurality of power-operated units, the water tank, and the cleaning agents or decontaminants on the load-bearing base plate during transport of the mobile decontamination system,
wherein the retaining structure is formed from a plurality of self-supporting, structurally identical, cuboid-shaped frames which are arranged next to each other or on top of each other and which are fastened to the load-bearing base plate,
wherein each frame of the plurality of self-supporting, structurally identical, cuboid-shaped frames, comprises:
eight corner pieces disposed at corners of each frame; and
twelve frame edge profile elements disposed along edges that extend between the corners of each frame, wherein each frame edge profile element includes a cross-section of material that spans between and contacts an adjacent and opposing pair of corner pieces, and wherein the eight corner pieces and the twelve frame edge profile elements together enclose a defined cuboid-shaped storage volume for each frame,
wherein the plurality of power-operated units are fixedly installed in respective ones of the defined storage volume per frame, and wherein the plurality of power-operated units are operable while fixedly installed.

US Pat. No. 10,170,209

FLOATING NUCLEAR POWER REACTOR WITH A SELF-COOLING CONTAINMENT STRUCTURE

1. A floating nuclear power reactor, comprising:a floating vessel having a bottom positioned beneath the water level of a body of water, sides extending upwardly from said bottom, and an upper end which is positioned above the water level of the body of water;
a nuclear power reactor supported on said vessel;
at least a portion of said nuclear power reactor being submerged in the body of water;
said nuclear power reactor having a lower end, an upstanding side wall, and an upper end;
a water passageway, having inner and outer ends, extending through said floating vessel and into said nuclear power reactor;
a normally closed hatch movably associated with said water passageway;
said hatch being movable between a normally closed position and an open position;
said hatch, when in said closed position, closing said water passageway;
said hatch, when in said open position, permitting water from the body of water to flow inwardly through said water passageway into said nuclear power reactor;
a latch associated with said hatch which is movable from a latched position to an unlatched position;
said latch, when in said latched position, maintaining said hatch in said closed position;
said latch, when in said unlatched position, permitting said hatch to move from said closed position to said open position;
and a condition responsive actuator positioned within said nuclear power reactor which causes said latch to move from said latched position to said unlatched position upon a condition within said nuclear power reactor reaching a predetermined level.

US Pat. No. 10,170,208

ELECTROMAGNETIC COIL BOBBIN USED IN REACTOR AS WELL AS INNER BOBBIN AND OUTTER SHELL

1. An electromagnetic coil bobbin used in reactor, comprising an inner bobbin and an outer shell which form a cylindrical structure, wherein an annular cavity for containing a coil winding is formed by said outer shell and said inner bobbin, and the inner bobbin is located in an inner hole of the outer shell;said inner bobbin and said outer shell each comprise a main body of which the material is metal and cut-off grooves provided on the main body, the cut-off grooves on the inner bobbin run through inner and outer walls as well as front and rear end faces of the inner bobbin, and the cut-off grooves on the outer shell run through inner and outer walls as well as front and rear end faces of the outer shell,
wherein, there are at least two cut-off grooves on both the inner bobbin and the outer shell, the cut-off grooves on the inner bobbin are uniformly distributed on the inner bobbin, the cut-off grooves on the outer shell are uniformly distributed on the outer shell, and said cut-off grooves are each provided with an insulating connection strip therein, and
wherein:
a clamping slot or clamping projection is provided on the portions of the outer shell on both sides of each cut-off groove on said outer shell, the length direction of said clamping slot or clamping projection is parallel to the axial direction of the outer shell, the clamping slot or clamping projection is originated from one end of the outer shell, and the insulating connection strips on said outer shell are insulating clamping strips connected to the clamping slot or clamping projection on the portions of the outer shell on both sides of the same cut-off groove on the outer shell, and/or
both ends of said inner bobbin are provided with annular outer edges, the axis of said outer edges and the axis of the main body are collinear, and the inner hole of the outer edge is connected to the end of the inner bobbin; the cut-off grooves on the inner bobbin extend to the end of the outer edge, the external diameter of said outer shell is not greater than the external diameter of the outer edge, the outer shell is clamped between two outer edges, and an insulating layer is provided between each outer edge and the end of corresponding outer shell.

US Pat. No. 10,170,207

FUEL ASSEMBLY

Thorium Power, Inc., McL...

20. A fuel assembly for use in a core of a nuclear power reactor, the assembly comprising:a frame comprising a lower nozzle that is shaped and configured to mount to the nuclear reactor internal core structure; and
a plurality of elongated fuel elements supported by the frame, each of said plurality of fuel elements comprising fissile material, wherein as viewed in a cross section that is perpendicular to an axial direction of the fuel assembly, the plurality of fuel elements are arranged into a mixed grid pattern that comprises a first grid pattern and a second grid pattern, the second grid pattern being different from the first grid pattern, wherein:
the frame comprises a shroud having a first planar sidewall and a second planar sidewall connected by a corner region, wherein all of the plurality of fuel elements are disposed inside the shroud;
the fuel assembly comprises a corner structure comprising a burnable poison, wherein the corner structure is located outside of the shroud and extends over the corner region of the shroud from the first planar sidewall to the second planar sidewall.

US Pat. No. 10,170,206

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ESTIMATING HEMODYNAMIC FORCES ACTING ON PLAQUE AND MONITORING PATIENT RISK

HeartFlow, Inc., Redwood...

1. A computer implemented method for estimating values of hemodynamic forces acting on a plaque or lesion, the method comprising:receiving, for each of a plurality of individuals, known values of hemodynamic forces acting on one or more points of a vessel wall of a plaque progression or erosion of an individual's vascular system, and one or more individual-specific parameters of the individual's vascular system;
forming feature vectors comprising: (i) information regarding the location of the one or more points of the vessel wall of the plaque progression or erosion and (ii) the received individual-specific parameters, for each of the plurality of individuals with known values of hemodynamic forces;
associating the feature vectors with the known values of hemodynamic forces acting on the one or more points of the vessel wall of the plaque progression or erosion, for each of the plurality of individuals with known values of hemodynamic forces, wherein the hemodynamic forces acting on one or more points of the vessel wall of a plaque progression or erosion include one or more of, a traction within a vessel, traction force, pressure, wall shear stress, axial plaque stress, radius gradient, or a combination thereof;
training a system, using the associated feature vectors, to predict values of hemodynamic forces acting on one or more points of a vessel wall of a plaque progression or erosion within a vascular system, from one or more parameters of the vascular system;
using the trained system to estimate values of hemodynamic forces acting on one or more points of a vessel wall of a plaque progression or erosion within a vascular system of a patient seeking analysis, using one or more patient-specific parameters for the patient seeking analysis;
predicting the risk of plaque rupture or lesions based on the estimated values of the hemodynamic forces acting on one or more points of the vessel wall of the plaque progression or erosion;
assessing one or more treatment options of the patient based on the predicted risk of plaque rupture or lesions, by modifying one or more patient-specific parameters for the patient seeking analysis and using the trained system; and
outputting the assessed treatment options, the predicted risk, and the estimated values of hemodynamic forces to an electronic storage medium or display.

US Pat. No. 10,170,205

MULTI-DIMENSIONAL SURGICAL SAFETY COUNTERMEASURE SYSTEM

Karl Storz Endoscopy-Amer...

1. A method for updating information on a display during a surgical procedure, the method comprising:collecting clinical data for a patient;
providing a checklist on a display in a surgical operating room, the checklist including audio prompts corresponding to particular stages of a surgical procedure being performed in the surgical operating room;
populating the checklist based on the clinical data of the patient, the checklist selected from a group of pre-stored checklists based upon the clinical data of the patient;
receiving commands from a member of a surgical team through the audio prompts of the checklist, the received commands corresponding to a particular stage of the surgical procedure;
automatically updating clinical data displayed on the display based upon the received commands, so that the clinical data displayed corresponds to a particular stage of the surgical procedure and to the received commands; and
automatically updating a physical characteristic of the surgical operating room.

US Pat. No. 10,170,203

METHOD AND SOFTWARE FOR A WEB-BASED PLATFORM OF COMPREHENSIVE PERSONAL HEALTH RECORDS THAT ENFORCES INDIVIDUALIZED PATIENT HIERARCHIES OF USER PERMISSIONS AND DETECTS GAPS IN PATIENT CARE

PROSOCIAL APPLICATIONS, I...

1. A non-transitory computer readable media comprising computer executable instructions to perform a method for creating, managing, accessing, updating and exchanging electronic personal health record(s) (“PHR”s) of multiple patients in accordance with their individualized hierarchies of user permissions using a web-based PHR software platform containing a plurality of N layers including at least an infrastructure layer comprising relational databases in which all of the personal health records of the patients is received as incoming data and stored in the relational databases with the web-based PHR software platform including programming logic; a data layer; an application layer containing business rules controlling communication between the layers of the software platform and containing data representative of government regulations and practice guidelines relative to PHR patient care; and a presentation/transport layer which provides user interfaces to access, transmit and exchange personal health records of patients to and from the software platform; said method comprising the steps of:(a) storing data segments representative of at least one of physical health, mental health, conditions, referrals, medications, substance abuse, allergies, procedures, and care plans of the patients at the data layer and identifying a plurality of data functions for each of the data segments at the data layer;
(b) embedding in the application layer individualized patient hierarchies of user permissions governing the hierarchy of disclosure to stored data of each patient such that patients have the greatest access to patient data and patient hierarchies, individuals authorized by patients as providers have lesser access, and other individuals granted user access by the authorized providers have the least access;
(c) using the programming logic for tagging stored patient PHR data in the relational databases with information to identify data segments and data functions with user permissions granted to authorized users by each patient, wherein the tags identifying user permissions of each authorized user on each of the data segments are stored in encrypted form in the relational databases and decrypted in the presentation/transport layer to expose permitted data and functions to authorized users through user interfaces, EHR and web services data exchange;
(d) using the programming logic to correlate tagged patient PHR data and data functions with the individualized patient hierarchies of user permissions defined in step (b);
(e) authenticating users who identify themselves in the presentation/transport layer from web-connected devices;
(f) using the programming logic to control the disclosure of data to and from the software platform by matching an authenticated user to the user permissions specified in the tagged data for performing specified data functions;
(g) filtering the matching operation in step (f) such that unmatched data and unmatched data functions are filtered out and not presented via user interfaces to authorized users for any use thereof;
(h) scanning data in the data layer and/or the application layer to locate gaps in patient care and the presence of gaps based on non-compliance with the government regulations and practice guidelines in the presentation/transport layer; and
(i) creating an alert in response to the detection of gap(s) for notifying providers of the existence of gap(s) and communicating the alert to a mobile device of one or more users with suitable permissions to receive such alerts.

US Pat. No. 10,170,202

MEMORY SYSTEM

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A memory system comprising:a semiconductor storage device including a plurality of blocks; and
a controller configured to
(i) instruct the semiconductor storage device to perform a read operation on data written to a block of the semiconductor storage device to determine whether or not to designate the block as a partial bad block if, after instructing the semiconductor storage device to perform a write operation on the block to write the data, status information read from the semiconductor storage device indicates that the write operation failed, and
(ii) designate the block as a partial bad block if read data that is returned from the semiconductor storage device in response to the instruction to perform the read operation has errors that are correctable, and as a bad block if read data that is returned from the semiconductor storage device in response to the instruction to perform the read operation has errors that are not correctable,
wherein the controller is configured to manage a partial bad block differently from a bad block,
wherein the controller is configured to instruct the semiconductor storage device to increase a threshold number of errors for determining that the write operation failed prior to a subsequent write operation on the block designated as a partial bad block, and
wherein the controller, after the subsequent write operation on the block designated as a partial bad block, sends a command for decreasing the threshold number of errors to the semiconductor storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,170,201

DATA STORAGE DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK Hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A data storage device comprising:a memory device including memory regions classified into a plurality of memory groups, each of the plurality of memory groups corresponding to a plurality of read bias voltage groups, each of the plurality of read bias voltage groups including read bias voltage sets, each of the read bias voltage sets including read bias voltages which are expected to be respectively positioned between threshold voltage distributions of memory cells of the memory regions; and
a controller configured to:
perform, for a target memory region a read retry operation based on a first read bias voltage group corresponding to a memory group in which the target memory region is included,
select at least one of remaining read bias voltage groups excluding the first read bias voltage group among the plurality of read bias voltage groups, according to a result of the read retry operation, and
perform an additional read retry operation for the target memory region based on the at least one of remaining read bias voltage groups.

US Pat. No. 10,170,200

MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TESTING A MEMORY DEVICE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A memory device, comprising:a plurality of data word memories; and
a test controller configured to:
read a data word stored in a data word memory of the plurality of data word memories,
check the read data word to detect an error of the memory device,
determine a complementary data word of the data word in response to a determination that no error of the memory device is detected in the check of the read data word,
store the complementary data word in the data word memory,
read the complementary data word from the data word memory, and
check the read complementary data word to detect an error of the memory device.

US Pat. No. 10,170,199

TESTING CONTENT ADDRESSABLE MEMORY AND RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY

International Business Ma...

1. A system comprising:a multiple input signature register (MISR), wherein the MISR is logically coupled to digital outputs of a content addressable memory (CAM) (CAM match outputs), is logically coupled to digital inputs of a random access memory (RAM) (RAM inputs), and is logically coupled to digital outputs of an array built-in self-test (ABIST) controller circuit (ABIST outputs);
wherein the MISR comprises a plurality of L1 latch circuits logically coupled to a plurality of L2 latch circuits, a plurality of multiplexer (MUX) circuits logically coupled to the plurality of L1 latch circuits, a plurality of exclusive or (XOR) circuits (inner XOR circuits) logically coupled to the plurality of MUX circuits and to the plurality of L2 latch circuits, and at least two XOR circuits (outer XOR circuits), wherein each of the outer XOR circuits is logically coupled to one of the inner XOR circuits, to at least one of the MUX circuits, and to at least one of the L2 latch circuits,
wherein each of the L1 latch circuits comprises a first data input, a first scan input, and a first output, and
wherein each of the L2 latch circuits comprises a second data input, a second scan input, and a second output;
wherein the MISR is logically configured to receive the CAM match outputs on the first data inputs of the L1 latch circuits;
wherein the MISR is logically configured to address the RAM via the first outputs of the L1 latch circuits and the RAM inputs;
wherein the MISR is logically configured to receive the ABIST outputs via the MUX circuits and the inner XOR circuits on the first scan inputs of the L1 latch circuits;
wherein the MISR is logically configured to output compression data (L2 scan out data) via the second outputs of the L2 latch circuits; and
wherein the MISR is logically configured to provide feedback data via the outer XOR circuits;
wherein the CAM is logically coupled to a compare mask circuit, and
wherein the compare mask circuit is logically configured to direct the CAM to output one bit of the CAM match outputs at a time;
wherein the MISR is further logically configured, in response to receiving a digital control input signal, to address the RAM via the first outputs of the L1 latch circuits and the RAM inputs and via CAM match wordlines on the first outputs of the L1 latch circuits, wherein the CAM match wordlines correspond to the CAM match outputs;
wherein the MISR is further logically configured, in response to receiving a first type of digital signal from one of the ABIST outputs, to test even numbered CAM match outputs (even CAM match data) among the CAM match outputs against a first set of the ABIST outputs; and
wherein the MISR is further logically configured, in response to receiving a second type of digital signal from one of the ABIST outputs, to test odd numbered CAM match outputs (odd CAM match data) among the CAM match outputs against a second set of the ABIST outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,170,198

DATA STORAGE AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A data storage comprising:at least one nonvolatile memory device; and
a controller operatively connected to the at least one nonvolatile memory device,
wherein the controller is configured to receive binary data from a host through a side-band interface,
wherein the controller includes a buffer configured to store the binary data,
wherein the controller is configured to execute the binary data according to a request from the host to execute a test operation,
wherein the data storage is an on-board SSD in which the at least one nonvolatile memory device and the controller are mounted on a board,
wherein the binary data is divided according to a property of the test operation to provide divided binary data and is received from the host, and
wherein a size of the divided binary data is equal to or smaller than a size of the buffer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,197

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK Hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:first to Nth non-volatile memory areas, each including a plurality of cells positioned at cross points between row lines and column lines;
a storage circuit including a plurality of unit latches suitable for storing data transferred from the first to Nth non-volatile memory areas, wherein the number of the plurality of unit latches corresponds to the number of the plurality of cells that are included in one of the first to Nth non-volatile memory areas; and
an operation control circuit suitable for controlling setup information of first to Nth operation modes to be programmed in the first to Nth non-volatile memory areas, respectively, during a rupture mode, and controlling a data transferred from the first non-volatile memory area to be written in the unit latches and controlling a data transferred from one of the second to Nth non-volatile memory areas to be over-written in the unit latches in response to an operation mode change request, during a boot-up mode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,196

APPARATUSES AND METHODS TO CONTROL BODY POTENTIAL IN 3D NON-VOLATILE MEMORY OPERATIONS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

6. A system comprising:a memory device; and
an additional device coupled to the memory device to cause the memory device to perform a memory operation, the memory device including:
a memory cell string including memory cells and a select transistor, the memory cell string including a body associated with the memory cells and the select transistor;
a control gate associated with the memory cell string;
a select gate associated with the select transistor;
a data line coupled to the body of memory cell string;
a source coupled to the body of memory cell string; and
a module configured to:
apply a first voltage having a positive value to the control gate in at least a portion of a first stage and a positive value in at least a portion of a second stage of an operation performed on a selected memory cell among the memory cells, wherein the module is configured to determine a value of information stored in the selected memory cell in the first stage of the operation;
apply a second voltage having a first value in at least a portion of the first stage and a second value in at least a portion of the second stage to the select gate; and
apply a third voltage having a positive value to at least one of the data line and the source in at least a portion of the second stage.

US Pat. No. 10,170,195

THRESHOLD VOLTAGE SHIFTING AT A LOWER BIT ERROR RATE BY INTELLIGENTLY PERFORMING DUMMY CONFIGURATION READS

International Business Ma...

1. A method of adapting read voltage thresholds of a physical page in a block of memory in a non-volatile memory, the method comprising:in response to selection of the block for adaptation of at least one read voltage threshold applicable to the physical page, the controller issuing a dummy read operation to the block to ensure the physical page is in a lower bit error rate (BER) state;
the controller waiting for a calibration read wait period following the dummy read operation; and
the controller thereafter performing a calibration read operation for the physical page and adapting at least one read voltage threshold for the physical page based on results of the calibration read operation.

US Pat. No. 10,170,194

ASYMMETRICAL MULTI-GATE STRING DRIVER FOR MEMORY DEVICE

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first group of conductive materials interleaved with a first group of dielectric materials;
a first pillar extending through the first group of conductive materials and the first group of dielectric materials;
memory cells located along the first pillar;
a conductive contact coupled to a conductive material of the first group of conductive materials; and
a second pillar extending through a second group of conductive materials and a second group of dielectric materials, the second pillar including a first portion, a second portion, and a third portion, and a fourth portion, the second and third portions located between the first and fourth portions, and the second portion located between the first and third portions, wherein
the first portion is coupled to a conductive region, and
the fourth portion is coupled to the conductive contact, and the second portion has a doping concentration less than a doping concentration of each of the first and fourth portions.

US Pat. No. 10,170,193

APPARATUS AND METHODS OF OPERATING MEMORY FOR NEGATIVE GATE TO BODY CONDITIONS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method of operating a memory, comprising:applying a first voltage level to a first voltage node electrically connected to a first end of a string of series-connected memory cells;
applying a second voltage level to a second voltage node electrically connected to a second end of the string of series-connected memory cells;
applying a third voltage level to a control gate of a first memory cell of the string of series-connected memory cells while applying the first voltage level to the first voltage node and while applying the second voltage level to the second voltage node, wherein the third voltage level is less than the first voltage level and less than the second voltage level; and
applying a fourth voltage level to a control gate of a second memory cell of the string of series-connected memory cells while applying the third voltage level to the control gate of the first memory cell, wherein the fourth voltage level is less than the third voltage level, and wherein the first memory cell is closer to the first voltage node than the second memory cell.

US Pat. No. 10,170,192

NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A nonvolatile memory device comprising:a memory cell array including a plurality of planes;
a plurality of page buffers arranged corresponding to each of the plurality of planes; and
a control logic circuit configured to transmit a bit line setup signal to each of the plurality of page buffers, wherein
each of the plurality of page buffers comprises a precharge circuit configured to precharge a sensing node and a bit line in response to the bit line setup signal, and a shutoff circuit configured to perform a bit line shutoff operation in response to a bit line shutoff signal, and
the control logic circuit is configured to control a transition time when a level of the bit line setup signal is changed according to a gradient of the bit line shutoff signal which is changed from a first level to a second level.

US Pat. No. 10,170,191

ELECTRONIC MEMORY DEVICE HAVING TWO PORTIONS THAT CAN BE DECOUPLED

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a memory array including a plurality of individually addressable logic sectors among at least one of first and second portions, wherein the first and second portions share columns;
a decoupling switch configured to decouple the first and second portions;
a common source select line to select an individually addressable logic sector among the: plurality of individually addressable logic sectors, the common source select line shared by a plurality of logic sections included in the individually addressable logic sector;
first and second drain selectors configured to select separate respective adjacent physical sectors of the selected individually addressable logic sector; and
at least two wordlines from the plurality of logic sections, respectively;
wherein the at least two wordlines are coupled to one another; and
wherein each physical sector of the separate physical sectors is individually addressable based on a selection of the common source select line, the corresponding drain selector among the first and second drain selectors, and a wordline.

US Pat. No. 10,170,190

MEMORY CONTROLLER HAVING RECLAIM CONTROLLER AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING OPERATION OF THE MEMORY CONTROLLER

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of operating a memory controller for controlling a non-volatile memory device, the method comprising:transmitting, by the memory controller, a read command and a read address to the non-volatile memory device;
performing a read operation on memory cells connected to a selected word line in a selected string of a selected memory block of the non-volatile memory device, according to the read command and the read address;
counting a selected read count of the selected string in the selected memory block; and
performing a reclaim operation to move data, stored in the selected memory block, to another memory block based on the selected read count.

US Pat. No. 10,170,189

APPARATUS AND METHODS INCLUDING SOURCE GATES

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory array, comprising:multiple strings of charge storage devices, each string comprising multiple charge storage devices associated with a respective pillar comprising semiconductor material, wherein the multiple strings of charge storage devices are arranged in rows and columns, each of the multiple strings coupled to a common source through both a source gate device and a source select gate device;
wherein each source gate device includes a gate, and is configured to partially control conduction between the pillar of the respective string and the common source, wherein each source select gate device includes a gate and is also configured to partially control conduction between the pillar of the respective string and the common source,
wherein the gates of the source gate devices associated with each of the multiple strings of charge storage devices are coupled together to be controlled in common; and
wherein the gates of source select gate devices associated with a first group of strings of the multiple strings of charge storage devices are coupled together to be controlled in common, wherein the first group of strings is less than all of the multiple strings of charge storage devices.

US Pat. No. 10,170,188

3D MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING SHARED SELECT GATE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN MEMORY BLOCKS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a data line;
a first memory cell string including first memory cells located in different levels of the apparatus;
first access lines to access the first memory cells;
a first select gate coupled between the data line and the first memory cell string;
a first select line to control the first select gate;
a second memory cell string including second memory cells located in different levels of the apparatus;
second access lines to access the second memory cells, the second access lines being electrically separated from the first access lines;
a second select gate coupled between the data line and the second memory cell string; and
a second select line to control the second select gate, wherein the first select line is in electrical contact with the second select line;
a third select gate coupled in series with the first select gate between the data line and the first memory cell string;
a third select line to control the third select gate;
a fourth select gate coupled in series with the second select gate between the data line and the second memory cell string; and
a fourth select line to control the fourth select gate, wherein the third select line is in electrical contact with the fourth select line;
a fifth select gate coupled in series with the first and third select gates between the data line and the first memory cell string;
a fifth select line to control the fifth select gate;
a sixth select gate coupled in series with the second and fourth select gates between the data line and the second memory cell string; and
a sixth select line to control the sixth select gate, wherein the fifth select line is in electrical contact with the sixth select line.

US Pat. No. 10,170,187

APPARATUSES AND METHODS USING NEGATIVE VOLTAGES IN PART OF MEMORY WRITE READ, AND ERASE OPERATIONS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:storing information, during a first stage of a write operation, in a selected memory cell among memory cells of a memory cell string, the memory cells of the string formed over a substrate and located in different levels of a device in a direction perpendicular from substrate, the memory cell string including a body of the memory cells, the body of the memory cells located outside the substrate;
determining, during a second stage of the write operation, whether a value of the information stored in the selected memory cell reaches a target value;
applying a negative voltage to at least a portion of the body of the memory cell string during a time interval between the first and second stages of the write operation, wherein applying the negative voltage to at least the portion of the body of the memory cell string comprises applying the negative voltage through at least a portion of a source coupled to the body of the memory cell string; and
decoupling the negative voltage from the body of the memory string in the second stage of the write operation during determining of whether the value of the information stored in the selected memory cell reaches the target value.

US Pat. No. 10,170,186

HIGH-DENSITY EEPROM ARRAYS UTILIZING STACKED FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS

International Business Ma...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a substrate;
a first transistor located on top of the substrate and connected to a first terminal;
a second transistor located on top of the first transistor and connected in parallel to the first transistor and connected to a second terminal, where the first and second transistors share a common floating gate and a common output terminal; and
an access transistor connected in series to the common output terminal and a low voltage terminal, the access transistor configured to trigger hot-carrier injection to the common floating gate to change a voltage of the common floating gate.

US Pat. No. 10,170,185

HYBRID MEMORY AND MTJ BASED MRAM BIT-CELL AND ARRAY

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a capacitor having a first terminal and a second terminal;
a first transistor having a gate terminal coupled to a first word line (WL), a source/drain terminal coupled to a bit line (BL), and a drain/source terminal coupled to the first terminal of the capacitor;
a resistive memory element having a first terminal and a second terminal, the first terminal of the resistive memory element device coupled to the first terminal of the capacitor; and
a second transistor having a gate terminal coupled to a second WL, a source/drain terminal coupled to a source line (SL), and a drain/source terminal coupled to the second terminal of the resistive memory element device, wherein the BL and SL are raised and lowered respectively or vice versa to write a state in the resistive memory element.

US Pat. No. 10,170,184

RESISTIVE MEMORY APPARATUS AND SETTING METHOD FOR RESISTIVE MEMORY CELL THEREOF

Winbond Electronics Corp....

1. A setting method for a resistive memory cell, comprising:performing a first setting operation on the resistive memory cell, and performing a first verifying operation on the resistive memory cell after the first setting operation is finished;
after the first verifying operation is finished, determining whether to perform a first resetting operation on the resistive memory cell according to a verifying result of the first verifying operation, and performing a second verifying operation on the resistive memory cell after the first resetting operation is determined to be performed and is finished; and
after the second verifying operation is finished, determining whether to perform a second resetting operation on the resistive memory cell according to a verifying result of the second verifying operation, and performing a third verifying operation on the resistive memory cell after the second resetting operation is determined to be performed and is finished.

US Pat. No. 10,170,183

METHOD OF STORING AND RETRIEVING DATA FOR A RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (RRAM) ARRAY WITH MULTI-MEMORY CELLS PER BIT

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method of storing and retrieving data for a resistive random access memory array, comprising:subdividing the resistive random access memory array into a plurality of memory bits, with each memory bit comprising more than two memory cells;
programming an individual memory bit by substantially simultaneously changing resistive states of the more than two memory cells within the individual memory bit; and
reading the individual memory bit by determining summed current through all memory cells within the individual memory bit, wherein each memory cell is uniquely addressed by the combination of a wordline and a bitline, and wherein all the memory cells in a memory bit are addressed by paired wordlines and an individual bitline.

US Pat. No. 10,170,182

RESISTANCE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE CONFIGURED FOR STATE EVALUATION BASED ON REFERENCE CELLS

IMEC vzw, Leuven (BE)

1. A memory device comprising:a plurality of memory cells arranged in an array, wherein each memory cell comprises a memory element configured to be switched between at least two resistance states; and
a plurality of word lines and a plurality of bit lines crossing each other, wherein each of the memory cells is formed at a crossing between one of the word lines and one of the bit lines,
wherein the memory cells are configured to be connected to a source line,
wherein each bit line has a bit line capacitance and is configured to store a charge associated with a state of a selected memory element,
wherein at least two memory cells electrically connected between one of the word lines and at least two different bit lines are configured as reference cells, wherein one of the reference cells is in a high resistance state and the other of the reference cells is in a low resistance state, and
wherein the at least two different bit lines electrically connected to the reference cells are interconnected by an equalizing switch configured to equalize charges associated with bit line capacitances of the at least two bit lines; and
a memory controller configured to select any of the word lines as a reference word line, such that different ones of the word lines can be used as reference word lines at different times.

US Pat. No. 10,170,181

VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING BIDIRECTIONAL SWITCH, MEMORY SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME, AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A memory device, comprising:a plurality of word lines and a plurality of bit lines;
a cell array connected to the plurality of word lines and the plurality of bit lines, the cell array including a plurality of memory cells each including a variable resistance element and a bidirectional selection element, the cell array having a first area including at least some of the memory cells and further having a second area including at least some others of the memory cells;
a selection circuit which is configured to select a selected word line of the plurality of word lines and a selected bit line of the plurality of bit lines; and
control logic configured to control the selection circuit such that in a stand-by state, the word lines and the bit lines connected to the memory cells of the first area of the cell array are maintained at a discharge state so as to have a discharge voltage, and the word lines and the bit lines connected to the memory cells of the second area of the cell array are maintained at a precharge state so as to have a precharge voltage which is greater than the discharge voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,170,180

MEMORY INCLUDING BI-POLAR MEMRISTOR

HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPME...

1. A memory circuit including:a memory cell including an input coupled to a read line, an output coupled to a circuit ground, a bi-polar memristor and at least one address switch coupled to an address line to select the memory cell; and
a one-way current conducting device to prevent resetting of the bi-polar memristor;
wherein the one-way current conducting device is positioned between the memory cell output and the circuit ground, or between the read line and the memory cell input.

US Pat. No. 10,170,179

DATA STORAGE DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD FOR DATA STORAGE DEVICE

SILICON MOTION, INC., Jh...

1. A data storage device, comprising:a flash memory, including K dies, wherein each die contains N planes, each plane contains a plurality of blocks, each block contains a plurality of pages, each word line is shared by M pages within the same block, and each of K, N and M is an integer greater than 1; and
a controller, writing a first patch of data that contains L pages issued by a host to L pages of a first die of the K dies, wherein L is a product of N and M, the L pages of the first die are provided by N planes of the first die with each plane of the first die using one block to provide M pages sharing the same word line, and the L pages contained in the first patch of data are written to the N planes of the first die in an interleaved way.

US Pat. No. 10,170,178

SECURE OFF-CHIP MRAM

International Business Ma...

1. A method of operating a nonvolatile memory chip, comprising the steps of:overwriting data stored on the nonvolatile memory chip automatically upon the nonvolatile memory chip being powered on; and
providing a user with an option to change a security setting from a volatile mode whereby the data is overwritten automatically upon the nonvolatile memory chip being powered on to a nonvolatile mode whereby the overwriting step is bypassed.

US Pat. No. 10,170,177

MANUFACTURE OF A TUNNEL DIODE MEMORY

1. A memory core comprising:a first layer of parallel conducting lines;
a second layer of parallel conducting lines, perpendicular to the first layer of parallel conducting lines; and
an array of conducting segments;
wherein each of said conducting segments is coupled to one line of said first layer of parallel conducting lines through a capacitor,
wherein each of said conducting segments is coupled to each of two adjacent lines of said second layer of parallel conducting lines through tunnel diodes, and
wherein each conducting segment and two tunnel diodes form a bit of memory read and written through the capacitor coupled to the conducting segment.

US Pat. No. 10,170,176

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING REFERENCE VOLTAGES FOR INPUT BUFFERS OF A MEMORY DEVICE

SK Hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A semiconductor memory device including a plurality of memory cells, the semiconductor memory device comprising:at least one input buffer receiving data to be stored in the plurality of memory cells; and
an input buffer reference voltage control unit setting one of a plurality of internal voltages having different voltage levels as a reference voltage of the at least one input buffer in response to a control signal,
wherein the control signal includes a feature address indicating setting of the reference voltage, and a reference voltage generation code corresponding to one of the internal voltages,
wherein the input buffer reference voltage control unit comprises:
an internal voltage generation unit generating the plurality of internal voltages;
a selection signal generation unit generating a selection signal to select one of the plurality of internal voltages according to the reference voltage generation code; and
a reference voltage output unit providing one of the internal voltages to the at least one input buffer in response to the selection signal, and
wherein the selection signal generation unit generates the selection signal by decoding the reference voltage generation code.

US Pat. No. 10,170,175

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE COMPRISING MEMORY DEVICES EACH COMPRISING SENSE AMPLIFIER AND MEMORY CELL

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a plurality of memory devices, each of the plurality of memory devices comprises:
a sense amplifier;
four first transistors;
a first insulating film over the sense amplifier;
four bit lines over the first insulating film;
a second insulating film over the four bit lines; and
a memory cell including a second transistor and a capacitor over the second insulating film,
wherein, in each of the plurality of memory devices:
the four bit lines are arranged in a first layer in two rows and two columns; and
the four bit lines are electrically connected to the sense amplifier through the respective four first transistors.

US Pat. No. 10,170,174

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR REFRESHING MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a row hammer control circuit configured to provide a row hammer control signal that is in an active state at variable intervals, the row hammer control signal including a first active state, a second active state and a third active state, the second active state being between the first and third active states, each of the first, second and third active states configured to cause a row hammer refresh operation;
a latch circuit configured to temporarily store a row address on which the row hammer refresh operation is performed;
a first counter circuit configured to count a number of pulses of a clock signal as a first count from the first active state to the second active state of the row hammer control signals and further configured to provide the first count; and
a second counter circuit configured to start counting a number of pulses of the clock signal as a second count responsive, at least in part, to the third active state of the row hammer control signal and further configured to assert a timing signal when the second count is equal to or greater than zero and less than the first count value,
wherein the latch circuit is further configured to update the row address, responsive, at least in part, to the timing signal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,173

CHARGE MIRROR-BASED SENSING FOR FERROELECTRIC MEMORY

MICRON TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. An electronic memory apparatus, comprising:a ferroelectric memory cell;
a charge mirror in electronic communication with the ferroelectric memory cell;
an amplification capacitor in electronic communication with the charge mirror;
a first isolation device positioned between and in electronic communication with the ferroelectric memory cell and the charge mirror; and
a second isolation device positioned between and in electronic communication with a sense component in electronic communication with the amplification capacitor and the charge mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,170,172

LOGIC CIRCUITS INCLUDING MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION DEVICES

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A logic circuit comprising:a magnetic tunnel junction device including a first layer configured to receive a first input signal and a second layer connected to a node;
a reference resistor configured to receive a second input signal, the reference resistor connected to the node, the reference resistor having a reference resistance, the reference resistance is greater than a parallel resistance of the magnetic tunnel junction device and smaller than an anti-parallel resistance of the magnetic tunnel junction device; and
an inverter connected to the node, the inverter configured to generate an output signal based on inverting a signal of the node.

US Pat. No. 10,170,171

3D SPINRAM

Integrated Magnetoelectro...

1. A three-dimensional memory, comprising:a first level including first circuitry configured to generate drive signals for each of a plurality of memory cells in the memory, the first circuitry also being configured to generate address signals corresponding to each of the memory cells, the address signals addressing the memory cells as a two-dimensional array; and
a plurality of memory array levels fabricated in a stack on the first level, each memory array level including a corresponding memory cell array including a subset of the memory cells, each memory cell comprising a multilayer structure exhibiting magnetoresistance, each memory array level also including second circuitry configured to translate corresponding address signals from the first circuitry to a physical structure of the corresponding memory cell array, and to route corresponding drive signals to corresponding memory cells, the second circuitry being implemented using solid-state components, each solid state component comprising a network of multilayer structures exhibiting magnetoresistance.

US Pat. No. 10,170,170

MEMORY CONTROL COMPONENT WITH DYNAMIC COMMAND/ADDRESS SIGNALING RATE

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A method of operation within a memory control component, the method comprising:outputting a timing signal to first and second memory components to establish respective first and second timing domains therein;
determining whether skew between the first and second timing domains exceeds a threshold; and
outputting command/address values to the first and second memory components via a command/address bus at either a first signaling rate or a second signaling rate according to whether the timing skew between the first and second timing domains is determined to exceed the threshold, the first and second signaling rates being unequal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,169

APPARATUSES AND METHODS INVOLVING ACCESSING DISTRIBUTED SUB-BLOCKS OF MEMORY CELLS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:accessing a first sub-block of memory cells and a second sub-block of memory cells at the same time, wherein the first and second sub-blocks of memory cells are part of a first block of memory cells of multiple blocks of memory cells of a memory array,
wherein the first and second sub-blocks within the block are enabled to be accessed simultaneously, and wherein the memory cells in a second block of memory cells are not enabled to be accessed when memory cells of the first block are being accessed; and
wherein the first sub-block of the block of memory cells and the second sub-block of the block of memory cells are not in the same row or the same column of the block of memory cells.

US Pat. No. 10,170,168

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING ACTIVE AND INACTIVE CLOCK SIGNALS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:an input clock buffer, the input clock buffer including a receiver circuit configured to receive first and second clock signals or first and second constant voltages and provide first and second output signals based on the complementary clock signals or the first and second constant voltages, the first and second clock signals complementary and the second constant voltage is less than the first constant voltage: wherein the input clock buffer further includes:
a first switch circuit configured to receive the first clock signal and provide the first clock signal to a first input of the receiver circuit when activated;
a second switch circuit configured to receive the first constant voltage and provide the first constant voltage to the first input of the receiver circuit when activated;
a third switch circuit configured to receive the second clock signal and provide the second clock signal to a second input of the receiver circuit when activated; and
a fourth switch circuit configured to receive the second constant voltage and provide the second constant voltage to the first input of the receiver circuit when activated; and
a clock divider circuit coupled to the input clock buffer and configured to receive the first and second output signals, the clock divider circuit further configured to provide multiphase clock signals based on the first and second output signals from the input clock buffer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,167

SINGLE NODE POWER MANAGEMENT FOR MULTIPLE MEMORY DEVICES

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a node included in a die of a memory device to couple to a plurality of additional memory devices;
memory cells included in the die of the memory device; and
a module included in the die of the memory device to perform an operation on the memory cells, to cause at least one change in a level of a signal at the node in order to make a request to perform a particular stage of the operation such that the request is detectable by the plurality of memory devices, and to perform the particular stage of the operation after the request is acknowledged, wherein the memory device includes a clock generator to generate a clock signal, each die of the plurality of additional memory devices includes an additional clock generator to generate an additional clock signal, and the clock signal generated by the memory device is different from the additional clock signal generated by each die of the plurality of additional memory devices.

US Pat. No. 10,170,166

DATA TRANSMISSION APPARATUS FOR MEMORY AND DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD THEREOF

Winbond Electronics Corp....

1. A data transmission apparatus for a memory, comprising:a prior stage shift register circuit, coupled to a sense amplifying device of the memory, receiving sensed data from the sense amplifying device and outputting a plurality of the readout data in series by bitwise shifting out the sensed data according to a shift clock signal; and
a plurality of rear stage shift register circuits, coupled to the prior stage shift register circuit and respectively coupled to a plurality of pads, respectively receiving the readout data and respectively bitwise providing the readout data to the pads according to a clock signal,
wherein, a frequency of the shift clock signal is less than a frequency of the clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,165

MULTIPLE REGISTER MEMORY ACCESS INSTRUCTIONS, PROCESSORS, METHODS, AND SYSTEMS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system comprising:a system memory; and
a processor coupled to the system memory, the processor comprising:
a cache to store a plurality of cache lines;
a plurality of general purpose registers;
a plurality of 128-bit packed data registers, including a first source 128-bit packed data register, and a second source 128-bit packed data register;
an instruction fetch unit to fetch instructions, including a store to memory instruction;
a decode unit to decode the store to memory instruction, the store to memory instruction having a first field to specify the first source 128-bit packed data register, having a second field to specify the second source 128-bit packed data register, and indicating a starting memory location in the system memory at which to store data; and
a memory access unit coupled to the decode unit, and coupled to the plurality of 128-bit packed data registers, the memory access unit to perform a store to memory operation, in response to the decoded store to memory instruction, the store to memory operation to:
store a first 128-bit data from the first source 128-bit packed data register to the system memory starting at the indicated starting memory location; and
store a second 128-bit data from the second source 128-bit packed data register to the system memory at a location adjacently after the first 128-bit data.

US Pat. No. 10,170,164

SENSE AMPLIFIER LATCH CIRCUIT AND SENSE AMPLIFIER MULTIPLEXED LATCH CIRCUIT

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A sense amplifier latch circuit comprising:a latch circuit driven by a first and second sense amplifier output;
a first latch driver having a first PMOS transistor coupled to a latch node and to a pair of serially coupled NMOS transistors, wherein the first sense amplifier output is gate coupled to the first PMOS transistor and the first NMOS transistor of the first latch driver;
a second latch driver having a second PMOS transistor coupled to a latch node and to a pair of serially coupled NMOS transistors, wherein the second sense amplifier output is gate coupled to the second PMOS transistor and the second NMOS transistor of the second latch driver;
a first and second supply PMOS transistor, wherein an output of the first supply PMOS transistor is coupled to the latch node of the first latch driver and to a gate of both the second supply PMOS transistor and first NMOS transistor of the second latch driver, and wherein an output of the second supply PMOS transistor is coupled to the latch node of the second latch driver and to a gate of both the first supply PMOS transistor and second NMOS transistor of the first latch driver.

US Pat. No. 10,170,163

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR GENERATING INHERENT INFORMATION OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FOR AUTHENTICATION PURPOSE

MACRONIX INTERNATIONAL CO...

1. An inherent information generating device, adapted to an integrated circuit, comprising:a plurality of pairs of source memory cells, wherein one of the pairs of source memory cells comprises:
a first source memory cell with a first electrical parameter value; and
a second source memory cell with a second electrical parameter value;
a comparison circuit, coupled to the pairs of source memory cells and configured to generate inherent information of the integrated circuit, comprising:
a first comparator, coupled to the first and second source memory cells, configured to compare the first electrical parameter value with the second electrical parameter value, and generate a bit value of a first bit of the inherent information according to a comparison result; and
a controller, coupled to the pairs of source memory cells and the comparison circuit, configured to perform a programming operation on at least one of the first and second source memory cells to increase a difference between the first and second electrical parameter values.

US Pat. No. 10,170,162

SENSE AMPLIFIER CALIBRATION

SanDisk Technologies LLC,...

1. A circuit comprising:a calibration controller configured to generate configuration data based on a response time of a sense amplifier circuit; and
a sense amplifier operation controller configured to set a conditioning level of a conditioning current for the sense amplifier circuit according to the configuration data.

US Pat. No. 10,170,161

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND TEST METHOD THEREFOR

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. A test method for a semiconductor memory device having a plurality of memory cells arranged in a matrix form, the test method comprising:writing first data into a plurality of memory cells;
while a plurality of word lines disposed in the columns of the memory cells are deselected, driving the low-potential side bit line of a bit line pair in the selected column, which is among a plurality of bit line pairs disposed in the columns of the memory cells, to a negative voltage level in accordance with second data complementary to the first data;
and reading the data written into the memory cells.

US Pat. No. 10,170,160

APPARATUS FOR HIGH SPEED ROM CELLS

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A system comprising:a first VSS line coupled to electrical ground;
a first bit line;
a second bit line;
a first group of memory cells in a first row of a memory array, wherein each of the first group of memory cells comprises a first pass transistor, wherein a source of the first pass transistor is coupled to and has a same voltage as the first VSS line, and a drain of the first pass transistor is coupled to and has a same voltage as the first bit line or the second bit line;
a first word line electrically coupled to the first group of memory cells through a first word line strap structure, wherein the first word line is parallel with the first row of the memory array, wherein the first VSS line and gate electrodes of the first group of memory cells are in a first dielectric layer, wherein the first bit line and the second bit line are in a first interconnect layer over the first dielectric layer, wherein the first word line is in a second interconnect layer over the first interconnect layer;
a second group of memory cells in a second row immediately adjacent to the first row, wherein each of the second group of memory cells comprises a second pass transistor;
a second word line electrically coupled to the second group of memory cells through a second word line strap structure, wherein:
the first word line strap structure is between first two memory cells of the first group, wherein a distance between the first word line strap structure and its nearest word line strap structure is greater than a width of a memory cell of the memory array; and
the second word line strap structure is between last two memory cells of the second group; and
a first row of isolation transistors between the first group of memory cells and the second group of memory cells, wherein a first isolation transistor of the first row of isolation transistors is coupled between the first pass transistor of a first memory cell of the first group of memory cells and the second pass transistor of a first memory cell of the second group of memory cells, wherein a drain of the first pass transistor is coupled to and has a same voltage as a source of the first isolation transistor, and a drain of the second pass transistor is coupled to and has a same voltage as a drain of the first isolation transistor, wherein the first row of isolation transistors are configured to stay in an OFF state during normal operation.

US Pat. No. 10,170,159

ADHESIVE COVER SEAL FOR HERMETICALLY-SEALED DATA STORAGE DEVICE

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A data storage device comprising:an enclosure base comprising a plurality of sidewalls and corner portions;
a tub cover comprising continuous sidewalls extending from a top portion and including corner portions, wherein each said sidewall and said corner portion of said tub cover overlaps at least in part with a corresponding said sidewall and a corresponding said corner portion of said base, wherein each said corner portion of said tub cover comprises a pleated corner; and
a hermetic seal among said base and said tub cover, comprising:
an epoxy adhesive at:
an interface of each said sidewall of said tub cover and each said corresponding sidewall of said base, and
an interface of each said corner portion of said tub cover and each said corresponding corner portion of said base.

US Pat. No. 10,170,158

VARIABLE SCOPING CAPABILITY FOR PHYSICAL TAPE LAYOUT DIAGNOSTIC STRUCTURE OF TAPE STORAGE DEVICE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

10. A computer-implemented method, comprising:collecting data relating to operation of a tape drive;
storing the collected data in a tape map; and
storing a subset of the collected data in a slice region upon experiencing a first trigger condition, upon reaching a predefined location on a tape, or upon experiencing a first trigger condition and reaching a predefined location on a tape,
wherein the slice region spans across all wraps of the tape map.

US Pat. No. 10,170,157

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FINDING AND USING VIDEO PORTIONS THAT ARE RELEVANT TO ADJACENT STILL IMAGES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method of producing an enhanced image comprising:capturing a first plurality of images, wherein the first plurality of images comprises:
a snapshot image, wherein the snapshot image is captured in response to receiving a snapshot indication through a user interface;
a pre-capture image sequence, wherein the pre-capture image sequence comprises a plurality of images captured prior to capturing the snapshot image, and wherein the snapshot indication is received after capturing at least one of the plurality of images of the pre-capture image sequence; and
a post-capture image sequence, wherein the post-capture image sequence comprises a plurality of images captured after capturing the snapshot image;
obtaining motion information for each of the first plurality of images;
determining, for each image of the pre-capture image sequence and the post-capture image sequence, whether the motion information of a respective image meets a first motion criterion, wherein the first motion criterion comprises a comparison between the motion information of the respective image and the motion information of the snapshot image;
identifying a first subset of images from among the pre-capture image sequence that meet the first motion criterion;
identifying a second subset of images from among the post-capture image sequence that meet the first motion criterion; and
creating an enhanced image comprising the snapshot image, the first subset of images, and the second subset of images.

US Pat. No. 10,170,156

SYSTEMS, DEVICES AND METHODS FOR VIDEO STORAGE

Hangzhou Hikvision Digita...

1. A processor-implemented method for video storage, the method comprising: receiving buffer zone data for storage; determining whether a sum of the buffer zone data and data already stored on a current fragment is not larger than a storage threshold of the current fragment; in response to the sum of the buffer zone data and the data already stored on the current fragment being not larger than the storage threshold of the current fragment, storing the buffer zone data to the current fragment; and in response to the sum of the buffer zone data and the data already stored on the current fragment being larger than the storage threshold of the current fragment, opening a new fragment; determining whether a first frame of the buffer zone data is an I Frame or an R Frame, wherein an R Frame is a modified type of P frame that only refers to a preceding I Frame and does not refer to a preceding common P frame; in response to the first frame of the buffer zone data being an I Frame, storing the buffer zone data to the new fragment; in response to the first frame of the buffer zone data being an R Frame; inserting an I Frame with reference relation to the R Frame at the front of the new fragment, wherein the R Frame corresponds to a picture frame only referring to the I Frame; and storing the buffer zone data to the new fragment; wherein: the storage area includes a quick retrieval information list for recording quick retrieval information of I Frames and R Frames; the quick retrieval information includes a frame type, a frame length, a relative time mark, an absolute time mark, and an offset relative to a start location of the storage fragment; an R Frame is a reference object for one or more subsequent non-key frames; and one or more I Frames, one or more R Frames, and one or more non-key frames with reference relation are stored on a same fragment in the storage area.

US Pat. No. 10,170,155

MOTION INFORMATION DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD

Toshiba Medical Systems C...

1. A motion information display apparatus comprising:processing circuitry configured to
obtain a first moving image of a first subject moving in a periodic manner, first motion information that indicates chronological change of a position of a characteristic point corresponding to a joint of the first subject in the first moving image, a second moving image of a second subject moving in a periodic manner, and second motion information that indicates chronological change of a position of a characteristic point corresponding to a joint of the second subject in the second moving image;
retrieve, from storage, definition information for defining a characteristic motion;
identify, by analyzing the first moving image based on the first motion information, a first frame corresponding to a timing when the first subject performed the characteristic motion corresponding to the definition information, from each frame group included in the first moving image;
identify, by analyzing the second moving image based on the second motion information, a second frame corresponding to a timing when the second subject performed the characteristic motion corresponding to the definition information from each frame group included in the second moving image;
cause play back of the first moving image and the second moving image to have respective timings of the play back that accord with each other, using the first frame and the second frame;
display a first graph showing the chronological change in the position of the characteristic point of the first subject, based on the first motion information;
display, on the first graph, a first marker showing a timing of motions corresponding to the first frame;
display a second graph showing the chronological change in the position of the characteristic point of the second subject, based on the second motion information; and
display, on the second graph, a second marker showing a timing of motions corresponding to the second frame.

US Pat. No. 10,170,154

SYMMETRICALLY MIRRORED VIDEO SEGMENT

Virtual Dreamware, LLC, ...

1. A method for producing a symmetrically mirrored video segment comprising:selecting a video segment;
dividing said video segment into two equal segments;
reducing said two equal segments with an aspect ratio equation that when converted creates a symmetrical mirrored video segment;
adding an audio soundtrack to said symmetrical mirrored video segment;
playing said symmetrical mirrored video segment on a viewing device.

US Pat. No. 10,170,153

AUTO-ADJUSTING INSTRUCTIONAL VIDEO PLAYBACK BASED ON COGNITIVE USER ACTIVITY DETECTION ANALYSIS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:providing for playback an instructional video comprising a series of steps to accomplish one or more tasks, the providing comprising identifying the series of steps, the identifying comprising:
ascertaining, by a cognitive system, instructor-action-semantics for the instructional video across different points in time, the ascertaining comprising:
extracting, by the cognitive system, video captions for instructor-actions within the instructional video; and
applying, by the cognitive system, text analysis to the extracted video captions to understand semantics of the instructor-actions in the instructional video at different points in time to derive the instructor-action-semantics;
for each instructor-action-semantic, logging a start timestamp relative to the instructional video;
monitoring, during playback of the instructional video, progress of a user through the series of steps, the monitoring comprising, at least in part, video monitoring the user and using an activity detection analysis to detect, based on the monitoring, actions by the user as the user progresses through the series of steps, wherein the activity detection analysis comprises:
extracting user action steps from data provided by the monitoring;
ascertaining semantics for user action steps in the data to obtain user-action-semantics; and
for each user-action-semantic, logging a start timestamp; and
automatically adjusting, based on the activity detection analysis, the playback of the instructional video to match the progress of the user through the series of steps, wherein the automatically adjusting comprises:
comparing the instructor-action-semantics with the user-action-semantics; and
based on the comparing identifying a variation, automatically synchronizing playback of the instructional video to match the progress of the user through the series of steps of the instructional video, the automatically synchronizing using the logged start timestamps for the user-action-semantics in comparison with the logged timestamps for the instructor-action-semantics to determine whether any logged start timestamp of the user-action-semantics overlaps a current start timestamp of the instructor-action-semantics, or whether any start timestamp of the instructor-action-semantics overlaps a current start timestamp of the user-action-semantics.

US Pat. No. 10,170,152

TAPE CARTRIDGE PARTIAL INITIALIZATION

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A tape storage drive, comprising:reading/writing circuitry that is to read from and write to tape media of tape cartridges; and
processing circuitry that is to, in response to a tape cartridge being loaded into the tape storage drive, validate initialization of the tape cartridge,
wherein the processing circuitry is to, in validating initialization of the tape cartridge:
determine whether a tape format portion of a cartridge memory of the tape cartridge contains tape format data and whether the tape format portion is write-locked; and
if the tape format portion contains tape format data and is not write-locked,
fully initialize the tape cartridge including selecting a tape format for the tape cartridge and updating the tape format data to specify the selected tape format,
write-lock the tape format portion, and then
deem initialization of the tape cartridge to be complete.

US Pat. No. 10,170,151

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR HANDLING RANDOM ACCESS WRITE REQUESTS FOR A SHINGLED MAGNETIC RECORDING HARD DISK DRIVE

Microsemi Solutions (U.S....

1. A storage adapter device for handling write requests for a shingled magnetic recording (SMR) disk, the storage adapter device comprising:a memory; and
a processor in communication with the memory, the processor configured to:
receive a request to write new data to a block having a virtual block address, where the SMR disk is configured to write data into a plurality of zones subdivided into a plurality of stripes, and where each stripe is subdivided into a plurality of blocks, and where data written within each zone is written sequentially in the zone in one or more next available stripes;
look up, in metadata stored in the memory, a first logical stripe identifier corresponding to a virtual stripe identifier associated with the virtual block address;
control the SMR disk to read the stripe corresponding to the first logical stripe identifier, modify data of the stripe read by the SMR disk by replacing previous data in the block with the new data, and control the SMR disk to write the modified data of the stripe in a next available stripe on the SMR disk;
update the metadata to replace the mapping of the virtual stripe identifier from the first logical stripe identifier to a second logical stripe identifier corresponding to the location of the next available stripe on the SMR disk; and
maintain an active write pool of available stripes for writing on the SMR disk and a migration pool of available stripes for writing on the SMR disk, said migration pool separate from said active write pool, such that write requests originating from a host system are serviced from the active write pool of available stripes, and such that write requests for a garbage collection procedure use stripes from the migration pool of available stripes for moving valid stripes from a depleted zone to one or more other zones such that moved valid stripes are collected in physical proximity to other moved valid stripes.

US Pat. No. 10,170,150

MEDIA PLAYBACK APPARATUS AND SHUTTER MECHANISM

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A media playback apparatus comprising:a panel having an insertion slot through which a medium is to be inserted;
a base fixed to a rear face of the panel and comprising a pair of base slots, a pivot-axle projection, a guide projection, and a cam projection;
a shutter comprising a pair of shafts engaging with the pair of base slots, wherein the shutter is configured to slide between a closed position and an open position in response to slide of the pair of shafts through the pair of base slots, the shutter covering the insertion slot at the closed position and exposing the insertion slot at the open position on a front face of the panel;
a pair of arms, each arm having one end engaging with one of the pair of shafts and another end engaging with each other in such a manner that the arms move toward or away from each other; and
a spring attracting the arms toward each other,
wherein either or both of the pair of arms are provided with a pair of protrusions configured to be located between the spring and the corresponding arm to lift the spring away from the shutter at either the closed position or the open position of the shutter.

US Pat. No. 10,170,149

OPENING AND CLOSING DEVICE OF ROTATING CAGE TYPE JUKEBOX DISC TRAY

LITE-ON ELECTRONICS (GUAN...

1. An opening and closing device of rotating cage type jukebox disc tray, comprising:a first disc tray, wherein an end of the first disc tray is installed on a first fixing post, the other end of the first disc tray carries a plurality of discs, and the first disc tray has a first ear portion on a lateral side; and
an opening and closing mechanism of disc tray, comprising a first linkage mechanism and a first driving device, wherein the first linkage mechanism comprises a first linkage bar, a first sliding member and a second linkage bar, the first sliding member is slidingly disposed on the first linkage bar, the second linkage bar is slidingly disposed on the first sliding member, and the first sliding member and the second linkage bar slide along different directions;
wherein when an end portion of the second linkage bar is connected to the first ear portion of the first disc tray, the first driving device drives the first sliding member to slide on the first linkage bar, leading the second linkage bar to slide on the first sliding member and thereby leading the first disc tray to rotate around the first fixing post.

US Pat. No. 10,170,148

SELECTIVE ARRANGEMENT OF MEDIA IN A STORAGE SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

14. A system, comprising:a processor; and
logic integrated with the processor, executable by the processor, or integrated with and executable by the processor, the logic being configured to:
increment a reference count of an object stored in an optical media storage system in response to referencing the object;
increment an access count of the object stored in the optical media storage system in response to accessing the object;
update a popularity metric of the object in response to incrementing the reference count and/or access count;
update a medium popularity metric of the medium on which the object is stored in response to updating the popularity metric of the object; and
arrange the optical media in the optical media storage system based on the updated medium popularity metric.

US Pat. No. 10,170,147

MOVING CARTRIDGES WITHIN A SHUTTLE COMPLEX

International Business Ma...

1. A method to move an access-cartridge including a storage medium within a shuttle complex having a plurality of library strings connected by a plurality of shuttle connections, the method comprising:identifying a library string comprising an access-cartridge (LSAC);
determining whether there is a local drive amongst a plurality of local drives within the LSAC that has a second cartridge mounted therein which comprises only inactive data chunks;
removing the second cartridge from the local drive within the LSAC and mounting the access-cartridge to the local drive within the LSAC, if an elapsed time since the local drive within the LSAC most recently accessed the second cartridge exceeds a predetermined time period threshold; and
if the elapsed time since the local drive within the LSAC most recently accessed the second cartridge does not exceed the predetermined time period threshold:
identifying a remote drive within a remote library string (LSR) connected to the LSAC by at least one shuttle connection;
moving the access-cartridge from the LSAC to the LSR with the at least one shuttle connection; and
mounting the access-cartridge to the remote drive within the LSR.

US Pat. No. 10,170,146

MOUNTING A SMARTPHONE TO ROBOTIC ACCESSOR OF AUTOMATED DATA STORAGE LIBRARY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for mounting a wireless capture device to an accessor to capture images of an operation in a data storage library, the method comprising:mounting a bracket to the accessor,
wherein the accessor is configured to transport data storage cartridges in a library environment,
wherein the bracket is configured to receive a wireless image capture device therein,
wherein the bracket is mounted in a position to orient the wireless image capture device to capture images while the accessor is transporting data storage cartridges,
wherein the accessor includes a gripper, wherein the bracket is positioned to enable capture of images of the gripper,
wherein the bracket is configured to allow detachable coupling of the wireless image capture device thereto.

US Pat. No. 10,170,145

MAGNETIC RECORDING MEDIUM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A magnetic recording medium, comprising, in the order recited:a substrate;
a first seed layer containing Ru and at least one material selected from the group consisting of oxides, carbides, and nitrides;
a second seed layer containing at least 70 wt % of ZnO;
a third seed layer containing MgO; and
a magnetic recording layer containing an ordered alloy, wherein the first seed layer contains Ru and at least one material selected from the group consisting of oxides, carbides, and nitrides.

US Pat. No. 10,170,144

MAGNETIC TAPE DEVICE AND HEAD TRACKING SERVO METHOD

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A magnetic tape device comprising:a magnetic tape; and
a servo head,
wherein the servo head is a magnetic head including a tunnel magnetoresistance effect type element as a servo pattern reading element,
the magnetic tape includes a non-magnetic support, and a magnetic layer including ferromagnetic powder, a binding agent, and fatty acid ester on the non-magnetic support,
the magnetic layer includes a servo pattern,
a center line average surface roughness Ra measured regarding a surface of the magnetic layer is equal to or smaller than 2.0 nm,
a full width at half maximum of spacing distribution measured by optical interferometry regarding the surface of the magnetic layer before performing a vacuum heating with respect to the magnetic tape is greater than 0 nm and equal to or smaller than 7.0 nm,
a full width at half maximum of spacing distribution measured by optical interferometry regarding the surface of the magnetic layer after performing the vacuum heating with respect to the magnetic tape is greater than 0 nm and equal to or smaller than 7.0 nm,
a difference Safter?Sbefore between a spacing Safter measured by optical interferometry regarding the surface of the magnetic layer after performing the vacuum heating with respect to the magnetic tape and a spacing Sbefore measured by optical interferometry regarding the surface of the magnetic layer before performing the vacuum heating with respect to the magnetic tape is greater than 0 nm and equal to or smaller than 8.0 nm, and
a ratio Sdc/Sac of an average area Sdc of a magnetic cluster of the magnetic tape in a DC demagnetization state and an average area Sac of a magnetic cluster of the magnetic tape in an AC demagnetization state measured with a magnetic force microscope is 0.80 to 1.30.

US Pat. No. 10,170,143

TAPE HEADS WITH SUB-AMBIENT PRESSURE CAVITIES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A unidirectional tape head for reading and/or writing to a magnetic tape, the unidirectional tape head comprising:a tape-bearing surface;
a transducer area with at least one transducer that is a read and/or write element designed for reading and/or writing to the magnetic tape;
a cavity open on the tape-bearing surface adjacent to the transducer area that extends parallel to the transducer area and transversally to the longitudinal direction of circulation of the tape such that an opening of the cavity faces the tape in operation; and
one or more air bleed slots connected to the cavity,
wherein the cavity is further dimensioned and arranged with respect to the transducer area to create sub-ambient pressure therein upon circulation of the tape in operation,
wherein each of the one or more air bleed slot has a width that is between 3 and 100 ?m measured transversally to the longitudinal direction of circulation of the tape, and parallel to the longitudinal direction of the transducer area.

US Pat. No. 10,170,142

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COMPENSATING FOR RADIAL INCOHERENCE ASSOCIATED WITH READING SERVO SECTORS

Marvell International Ltd...

1. A system for compensating radial incoherence while reading servo data from a rotating storage medium, the system comprising:an equalizer to (i) receive a digital signal comprising a bit sequence of the servo data read from the rotating storage medium, and (ii) equalize the digital signal via a plurality of filters, wherein at least some of the plurality of filters are to phase rotate the digital signal to generate a plurality of phase rotated signals;
a Viterbi detector to operate based on a trellis state machine, wherein the trellis state machine comprises a plurality of main branches, wherein each of the plurality of main branches comprises a plurality of sub-branches, wherein each of the plurality of main branches is to receive the plurality of phase rotated signals respectively at corresponding ones of the plurality of sub-branches, and wherein the Viterbi detector is to (i) determine branch metrics for each of the sub-branches, (ii) determine a minimum branch metric among all the branch metrics of the plurality of sub-branches for each of the plurality of main branches, and (iii) process the minimum branch metric as a representative of a corresponding branch using an add-compare-select process of the Viterbi detector to determine a most likely received bit sequence; and
a servo control module to adjust a location of a read/write head of the rotating storage medium based on the most likely received bit sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,170,141

MAGNETIC RECORDING AND REPRODUCING DEVICE

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A magnetic recording and reproducing device, comprising:an output driver outputting a recording signal corresponding to input information;
a magnetic head including a coil, a recording current flowing in the coil, the recording current including the recording signal; and
a magnetic recording medium, information being recorded in the magnetic recording medium by the magnetic head, the information corresponding to the input information,
the input information including a first information combination, a second information combination, and a third information combination,
the first information combination including first to fourth information,
the second information being after the first information and being continuous with the first information,
the third information being after the second information and being continuous with the second information,
the fourth information being after the third information and being continuous with the third information,
the first information being 0 in a NRZI code,
the second information being 0 in the NRZI code,
the third information being 1 in the NRZI code,
the fourth information being 1 in the NRZI code,
the second information combination including fifth to eighth information,
the sixth information being after the fifth information and being continuous with the fifth information,
the seventh information being after the sixth information and being continuous with the sixth information,
the eighth information being after the seventh information and being continuous with the seventh information,
the fifth information being 0 in the NRZI code,
the sixth information being 0 in the NRZI code,
the seventh information being 1 in the NRZI code,
the eighth information being 0 in the NRZI code,
the third information combination including ninth to twelfth information,
the tenth information being after the ninth information and being continuous with the ninth information,
the eleventh information being after the tenth information and being continuous with the tenth information,
the twelfth information being after the eleventh information and being continuous with the eleventh information,
the ninth information being 1 or 0 in the NRZI code,
the tenth information being 1 in the NRZI code,
the eleventh information being 1 in the NRZI code,
the twelfth information being 1 or 0 in the NRZI code,
the recording signal changing to an eleventh recording current to correspond to the eleventh information,
the recording signal changing to a third recording current to correspond to the third information,
an absolute value of the eleventh recording current being greater than an absolute value of the third recording current.

US Pat. No. 10,170,140

WAVEGUIDE HAVING MODE CONVERTER FOR HEAT-ASSISTED MAGNETIC RECORDING DEVICE

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A write head comprising:a waveguide core configured to receive light emitted in a crosstrack direction from a light source at a fundamental transverse electric (TE00) mode, the waveguide core comprising:
a first turn that receives the light in the crosstrack direction from the light source and redirects the light to an opposite crosstrack direction;
a second turn, positioned closer to a media-facing surface than the first turn, that redirects the light from the opposite crosstrack direction to a direction normal to the media-facing surface of the write head;
a straight section coupling the first and second turns; and
a branched portion extending from the straight section and configured to convert the light to a higher-order (TE10) mode; and
a near-field transducer at the media-facing surface, the near-field transducer receiving the light at the TE10 mode from the waveguide and directing surface plasmons to a recording medium in response thereto, the second turn configured to deliver the light to the near-field transducer at the direction normal to the media-facing surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,139

MAGNETIC RECORDING HEAD HAVING PROTECTED READER SENSORS AND NEAR ZERO RECESSED WRITE POLES

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a module having a substrate, read and write transducers positioned toward a media facing side of the module, and a closure,
wherein the write transducers include write poles having media facing sides with zero or near zero recession from a plane extending along a media facing side of the substrate of the module;
wherein the read transducers each have two shields, wherein media facing sides of the shields are more recessed from the plane than the write poles;
wherein the media facing sides of the shields are recessed a same amount from the plane.

US Pat. No. 10,170,138

TAPE APPARATUS HAVING AN ARRAY OF WRITE TRANSDUCERS EACH HAVING AT LEAST THREE LAYERS OF COILS

International Business Ma...

1. A magnetic recording tape writing apparatus, comprising:an array of write transducers extending along a common tape bearing surface, each of the write transducers having:
a lower pole having a lower pole tip;
a lower coil layer above the lower pole;
an intermediate coil layer above the lower coil layer;
an upper coil layer above the intermediate coil layer;
an upper pole above the upper coil layer, the upper pole having an upper pole tip, the upper coil layer having multiple coil turns positioned between the upper pole and the intermediate coil layer, wherein the multiple coil turns are in a common plane of deposition, the intermediate coil layer having a plurality of turns in a second common plane of deposition, wherein the intermediate coil layer has more coil turns than the upper coil layer;
a nonmagnetic write gap between the pole tips, a plane of deposition of the write gap extending between the intermediate coil layer and the upper coil layer; and
a layer positioned between the write gap and the upper pole tip, the layer having a higher magnetic moment than the upper pole,
wherein a width of each coil, measured along a respective plane of deposition thereof in a track width direction, is less than 44 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,170,137

VOICE SIGNAL COMPONENT FORECASTER

International Business Ma...

1. A system, comprising:a processor;
a computer readable memory in circuit communication with the processor; and
a computer readable storage medium in circuit communication with the processor;
wherein the processor executes program instructions stored on the computer-readable storage medium via the computer readable memory and thereby:
acquires audio data that comprises voice data and a fabricated background noise, wherein the voice data is spoken by a speaker to a listener within an aural environment of the speaker and the listener, and wherein the fabricated background noise replicates a profile of background noise of a known noisy environment;
translates the acquired audio data into frequency domain data;
identifies a threshold number of top frequencies within the frequency domain data wherein a minimum value of the threshold number is three;
generates a first hash code value from the threshold number of top frequencies of the frequency domain data;
in response to determining that the generated hash code value is unique from other hash code values that are indexed to each of a unique identification of the speaker and a background noise profile identification of the fabricated background noise, indexes a model of the threshold number of top frequencies in association with the first hash code to the speaker identification and to the background noise profile; and
applies a first model of top frequencies that is associated with the first hash code value as a masque to the frequency domain data to remove background noise signal data from the frequency domain data.

US Pat. No. 10,170,136

DIGITAL VIDEO SYNTHESIS

AL LEVY TECHNOLOGIES LTD....

1. A method comprising using at least one hardware processor for:detecting phrases in a transcript of a digital audiovisual file, wherein each of the phrases is a sequence of words;
applying a speech recognition algorithm to an audio channel of the digital audiovisual file and to a list of the words, to output a temporal location of each of the words that are uttered in the audio channel;
compiling a list of sub-phrases of each of the phrases, wherein each of the sub-phrases is a sequence of one or more of the words of the phrase, and wherein the sequence of the phrase and the sequence of the sub-phrase have the same order;
based on the temporal location of each of the words, creating a temporal sub-phrase map that comprises a temporal location of each of the sub-phrases;
based on the temporal sub-phrase map, extracting the uttered sub-phrases from the digital audiovisual file, to create multiple sub-phrase audiovisual files; and
constructing a database which comprises (a) a reference to where the multiple sub-phrase audiovisual files are stored and (b) the sub-phrase uttered in each of the multiple sub-phrase audiovisual files.

US Pat. No. 10,170,135

AUDIO GAIT DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATION

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An audio gait detection system comprising:network interface circuitry to receive audio input data from a plurality of microphone devices dispersed within a home;
a processor coupled to the network interface circuitry;
one or more memory devices coupled to the processor, the one or more memory devices including instructions, which when executed by the processor, cause the system to:
pre-process the audio input data to combine and strengthen an audio gait signal;
detect a sound of one or more footsteps from the audio gait signal; and
identify a person associated with the one or more footsteps using a set of trained footstep identification (ID) classifiers, wherein each trained footstep ID classifier is to be mapped to the gait of the person in the home based on a particular combination of personal profile, footwear, and floor surface within the home.

US Pat. No. 10,170,134

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF ACOUSTIC DEREVERBERATION FACTORING THE ACTUAL NON-IDEAL ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENT

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A computer-implemented method of acoustic dereverberation comprising:receiving, by at least one processor, multiple audio signals comprising dry audio signals contaminated by reverberations formed by objects in or forming an actual acoustic environment wherein the reverberations comprise reverberation components and residual reverberation components;
performing, by at least one processor, dereverberation using weighted prediction error (WPE) filtering forming an output signal associated with the dry audio signals and comprising removing at least some of the reverberation components wherein the output signal still has at least some of the residual reverberation components;
forming, by at least one processor, a multichannel estimate of at least the reverberation components;
estimating, by at least one processor, multichannel coherence of the multichannel estimate of the reverberation components; and
reducing, by at least one processor, the residual reverberation components in the output signal comprising applying a minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) beamformer and based, at least in part, on the estimate of the coherence.

US Pat. No. 10,170,133

ACOUSTIC ENHANCEMENT BY LEVERAGING METADATA TO MITIGATE THE IMPACT OF NOISY ENVIRONMENTS

1. A system, comprising:a memory that stores instructions;
a processor that executes the instructions to perform operations, the operations comprising:
determining that an audio stream includes an interference signal if a first portion of the audio stream correlates with metadata that identifies the interference signal;
cancelling, if the audio stream is determined to include the interference signal, the interference signal from the audio stream, wherein the interference signal is cancelled from the audio stream based on a pattern of usage of an interfering device that outputted the interference signal; and
transmitting, after cancelling the interference signal, a remaining portion of the audio stream to an intended destination.

US Pat. No. 10,170,132

ECHO-CANCELLING DEVICE AND ECHO-CANCELLING METHOD

AVERMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES, I...

1. An echo-cancelling device, which is electrically and externally connected to an electronic device, wherein an output signal and an external reference signal are generated by the electronic device according to a first sound signal, and an output audio is generated by the electronic device according to the output signal, comprising:an audio input-output (I/O) terminal selected from a universal serial bus (USB) terminal, a high definition multimedia interface (HDMI) terminal, a Thunderbolt terminal, an IEEE 1394 terminal or a PCI Express terminal, being electrically and externally connected to the electronic device to receive the external reference signal from the electronic device;
an audio-receiving module receives an input audio and the output audio, and generates an analog input signal with the input audio and the output audio;
an analog-to-digital (A/D) converter is electrically connected to the audio-receiving module to receive the analog input signal and generates a digital input signal according to the analog input signal; and
a processor is electrically connected to the A/D converter and the audio I/O terminal to receive the external reference signal via the audio I/O terminal and receive the digital input signal from the A/D converter so as to cancel the output audio and generate a second sound signal, which is transmitted to the electronic device via the audio I/O terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,131

DECODING METHOD AND DECODER FOR DIALOG ENHANCEMENT

Dolby International AB, ...

1. A method for enhancing dialog in a decoder of an audio system, the method comprising the steps of:receiving a plurality of downmix signals being a downmix of a larger plurality of channels;
receiving parameters for dialog enhancement, wherein the parameters are defined with respect to a subset of the plurality of channels including channels comprising dialog, wherein the subset of the plurality of channels is downmixed into a subset of the plurality of downmix signals, wherein the subset of the plurality of downmix signals contains fewer downmix signals than the plurality of downmix signals;
receiving reconstruction parameters allowing parametric reconstruction of channels that are downmixed into the subset of the plurality of downmix signals;
upmixing only the subset of the plurality of downmix signals parametrically based on the reconstruction parameters in order to reconstruct only a subset of the plurality of channels including the subset of the plurality of channels with respect to which the parameters for dialog enhancement are defined;
applying dialog enhancement to the subset of the plurality of channels with respect to which the parameters for dialog enhancement are defined using the parameters for dialog enhancement so as to provide at least one dialog enhanced signal; and
providing dialog enhanced versions of the subset of the plurality of downmix signals by mixing the at least one dialog enhanced signal with at least one other signal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,130

LINEAR PREDICTIVE ANALYSIS APPARATUS, METHOD, PROGRAM AND RECORDING MEDIUM

NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELE...

3. A linear predictive analysis apparatus which obtains a coefficient which can be converted into a linear predictive coefficient corresponding to an input time series signal for each frame which is a predetermined time interval, the linear predictive analysis apparatus comprising:processing circuitry configured to
calculate autocorrelation Ro(i) between an input time series signal Xo(n) of a current frame and an input time series signal Xo(n?i) i sample before the input time series signal Xo(n) or an input time series signal Xo(n+i) i sample after the input time series signal Xo(n) for each of at least i=0, 1, . . . , Pmax; and
obtain a coefficient which can be converted into linear predictive coefficients from the first-order to the Pmax-order using modified autocorrelation R?o(i) obtained by multiplying the autocorrelation Ro(i) by a coefficient for each corresponding i,
wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to acquire the coefficient from one coefficient table among coefficient tables t0, t1 and t2 using a value having positive correlation with intensity of periodicity of an input time series signal of the current frame or a past frame or a pitch gain based on the input time series signal assuming that a coefficient wt0(i) is stored in the coefficient table t0, a coefficient wt1(i) is stored in the coefficient table t1, and a coefficient wt2(i) is stored in the coefficient table t2,
assuming that, according to the value having positive correlation with the intensity of the periodicity or the pitch gain, a case is classified into any of a case where the intensity of the periodicity or the pitch gain is high, a case where the intensity of the periodicity or the pitch gain is medium and a case where the intensity of the periodicity or the pitch gain is low, a coefficient table from which a coefficient is acquired by the processing circuitry when the intensity of the periodicity or the pitch gain is high is set as a coefficient table t0, a coefficient table from which a coefficient is acquired by the processing circuitry when the intensity of the periodicity or the pitch gain is medium is set as a coefficient table t1, and a coefficient table from which a coefficient is acquired by the processing circuitry when the intensity of the periodicity or the pitch gain is low is set as a coefficient table t2, for at least part of i other than i=0, wt0(i)

US Pat. No. 10,170,129

APPARATUS FOR ENCODING A SPEECH SIGNAL EMPLOYING ACELP IN THE AUTOCORRELATION DOMAIN

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An apparatus for encoding a speech signal by determining a codebook vector of a speech coding algorithm for encoding the speech signal, wherein the apparatus comprises:a matrix determiner for determining an autocorrelation matrix R, and
a codebook vector determiner for determining the codebook vector of the speech coding algorithm for encoding the speech signal depending on the autocorrelation matrix R,
wherein the matrix determiner is configured to determine the autocorrelation matrix R by determining vector coefficients of a vector r, wherein the autocorrelation matrix R comprises a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns, wherein the vector r indicates one of the columns or one of the rows of the autocorrelation matrix R, wherein
R(i,j)=r(|i?j|),
wherein R(i, j) indicates the coefficients of the autocorrelation matrix R, wherein i is a first index indicating one of a plurality of rows of the autocorrelation matrix R, and wherein j is a second index indicating one of the plurality of columns of the autocorrelation matrix R,
wherein the codebook vector determiner is configured to determine the codebook vector of the speech coding algorithm for encoding the speech signal by applying the formula

wherein R is the autocorrelation matrix, wherein R is a Hermitian Toeplitz matrix, and wherein ê is one of the codebook vectors of the speech coding algorithm for encoding the speech signal, wherein f(ê) is a normalized correlation, and wherein dT is defined according to

wherein e is an original, unquantized residual signal,
wherein T indicates a transpose of a vector, and
wherein at least one of the matrix determiner and the codebook vector determiner comprises a hardware implementation.

US Pat. No. 10,170,128

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING TEMPORAL ENVELOPE OF AUDIO SIGNAL, AND ENCODER

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

8. An apparatus for processing an audio signal, comprising:a memory comprising instructions; and
a processor in communication with the memory, wherein the processor executes the instructions to:
obtain a high-band signal of a current frame of an audio signal;
divide the high-band signal of the current frame signal into M subframes, wherein M is an integer that is greater than 2;
perform windowing on a first subframe of the M subframes and a last subframe of the M subframes by using a first asymmetric window function,
perform windowing on a subframe except the first subframe and the last subframe of the M subframes to obtain a temporal envelope of the M subframes; and
encode the high-band signal of the current frame of the audio signal according to the temporal envelope of the M subframes.

US Pat. No. 10,170,127

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SENDING MULTIMEDIA DATA

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A first device, which provides an audio signal to a second device, the first device comprising:a memory that stores at least one previous audio frame;
a controller that:
determines a packet size based on a bandwidth supported by a channel mode,
determines using lossless codec, when the packet size is larger than a data threshold,
determines a frame size based on the packet size, when the packet size is smaller than or equal to the data threshold,
divides an audio signal input to the first device into a plurality of audio frames based on the frame size, compares a current audio frame among the plurality of audio frames with the at least one previous audio frame prestored in the memory of the first device, and selects one of the prestored previous audio frames based on similarity of the prestored previous audio frame and the current audio frame; and
a communicator that transmits an identification value of the selected previous audio frame to the second device instead of compressed data for the current audio frame.

US Pat. No. 10,170,126

EFFECTIVE ATTENUATION OF PRE-ECHOES IN A DIGITAL AUDIO SIGNAL

ORANGE, Paris (FR)

1. A method comprising:processing attenuation of pre-echo in a digital decoded audio signal by a processing device, wherein the processing comprises:
receiving at an input of the processing device a decoded signal in a communication network from a decoder device that has decoded the digital audio signal according to a transform decoding into the decoded signal, without the processing device receiving auxiliary information regarding the digital audio signal for attenuation of the pre-echo;
decomposition of the decoded signal into at least two sub-signals according to a predetermined decomposition frequency criterion, the decomposition being performed by a first low-pass filtering in the form of a finite impulse response filtering with zero transfer function phase:
c(n)z?1+(1?2c(n))+c(n)z
with c(n) being a coefficient lying between 0 and 0.25, to obtain a first sub-signal, a second sub-signal being obtained by subtraction of the first sub-signal from the decoded signal;
computation of respective attenuation factors per sub-signal and per sample of a previously determined pre-echo zone;
attenuation of pre-echo in the pre-echo zone of each of the sub-signals by application of the respective attenuation factors to the sub-signals;
producing an attenuated, processed digital audio signal by combining the attenuated sub-signals, in which the pre-echo attenuation has been performed; and
outputting the attenuated, processed digital audio signal on an output of the processing device so that the processed digital audio signal can be played.

US Pat. No. 10,170,125

AUDIO DECODING SYSTEM AND AUDIO ENCODING SYSTEM

Dolby International AB, ...

1. An audio decoding system for processing a two-channel input signal, the audio decoding system comprising a first parametric mixing stage adapted to receive the two-channel input signal and to receive a first set of mixing parameters, the first parametric mixing stage being adapted to output a first two-channel output signal, wherein the first parametric mixing stage comprises:a first decorrelation stage adapted to output a first decorrelated signal based on the input signal; and
a first mixing matrix adapted to receive said input signal and said first decorrelated signal, to form a first two-channel linear combination of channels from said input signal and said first decorrelated signal, and to output said linear combination as said first two-channel output signal,
wherein coefficients of said first linear combination are controllable by said first set of mixing parameters, and wherein said first set of mixing parameters comprises at least four mixing parameters,
wherein the audio decoding system further comprises a second parametric mixing stage adapted to receive the two-channel input signal and to receive a second set of mixing parameters, independent of the first set of mixing parameters, the second parametric mixing stage being adapted to output a second two-channel output signal,
wherein the second parametric mixing stage comprises:
a second decorrelation stage adapted to output a second decorrelated signal based on the input signal; and
a second mixing matrix adapted to receive said input signal and said second decorrelated signal, to form a second two-channel linear combination of channels from said input signal and said second decorrelated signal, and to output said second linear combination as said second two-channel output signal,
wherein coefficients of said second linear combination are controllable by said second set of mixing parameters, and wherein said second set of mixing parameters comprises at least four mixing parameters,
wherein the first and second mixing stages operate in parallel, and are distinguishable from each other by the values of the first and second sets of mixing parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,170,124

VOICE-CONTROLLED COMPUTER SYSTEM

MASTERCARD INTERNATIONAL ...

1. A voice-controlled computer system comprising:a headset with a heads up display (HUD),
wherein when the system requires a user to verbally enter an alphanumeric security code, the system is configured to display on the HUD, to the user, a first plurality of different pairs of alphanumeric characters, from which the user may verbally select, each pair of the plurality of different pairs of alphanumeric characters including a first character and an associated, randomly generated second character,
wherein the first character of each pair of the plurality of different pairs of alphanumeric characters is a character of the alphanumeric security code to be entered,
wherein the system is configured to:
receive a verbal entry of the associated second character of a pair of the first plurality of different pairs of alphanumeric characters displayed on the HUD,
upon successful recognition of the verbal entry of the associated second character of the pair of the first plurality of different pairs of alphanumeric characters, change the display on the HUD such that a second plurality of different pairs of alphanumeric characters, from which the user may verbally select, is displayed thereon, said second plurality of different pairs differing from said first plurality of different pairs, and
decipher the verbal entry of the associated second character of the pair of the first plurality of different pairs as equivalent to entry of the first character of the pair of the first plurality of different pairs.

US Pat. No. 10,170,123

INTELLIGENT ASSISTANT FOR HOME AUTOMATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method for controlling electronic devices using a virtual assistant on a user device having a memory and at least one processor, the method comprising: at the user device:receiving, an audio input comprising user speech;
transmitting data corresponding to the audio input to one or more servers;
receiving, from the one or more servers:
an identification of a first electronic device determined by the one or more servers based on the data corresponding to the audio input; and
a first command to be performed by the first electronic device determined by the one or more servers based on the data corresponding to the audio input;
transmitting the first command to the first electronic device;
receiving, after transmitting the first command to the first electronic device, a second audio input;
transmitting a state query to the first electronic device in accordance with the second audio input;
receiving, from the first electronic device, a current state of the first electronic device; and
transmitting the current state of the first electronic device to the one or more servers to be stored as at least a portion of a configuration, wherein the configuration defines a plurality of states of a plurality of corresponding electronic devices to use in response to a command that references the configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,170,122

SPEECH RECOGNITION METHOD, ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM

ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC., T...

1. A speech recognition method, comprising:determining whether a local device is connected to Internet after an input device receives voice data, wherein the local device includes a voice database and a result database, the voice database stores a plurality of history voice data, and the result database stores a plurality of history text data associated with the history voice data;
transmitting the voice data to a remote server to execute an on-line analysis to obtain a text analysis result when the local device is connected to Internet is determined; and
executing an off-line analysis when the local device is determined not connecting to Internet, wherein the step of executing the off-line analysis includes:
executing a voiceprint comparison between the received voice data and the history voice data stored in the voice database to obtain corresponding one of the history voice data; and
finding one of the associated history text data from the result database at the local device according to the corresponding one of the history voice data, wherein the history text data is obtained from the remote server via the on-line analysis in advance.

US Pat. No. 10,170,120

CALL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND ITS SPEECH RECOGNITION CONTROL METHOD

1. A call management system for recording a call from an external line, performing speech-recognition, speech-to-text converting the call, and displaying text, comprising:a speech recognition server that performs speech recognition on recording data of call data including audio data, and outputs text data,
wherein the speech recognition server includes:
one or more processors which are configured to execute a speech recognition engine that performs speech recognition on the audio data and speech-to-text converts the data; and
a memory configured to store a mode control table that holds a speech recognition mode for each call,
wherein the speech recognition engine includes:
a mode management unit that designates a speech recognition mode for a decoder; and
an output analysis unit that analyzes recognition result data that is speech-to-text converted by the speech recognition,
wherein the output analysis unit designates the speech recognition mode for the mode management unit based on the result of analysis of the recognition result data that is speech-to-text converted by the speech recognition,
wherein the mode management unit rewrites the speech recognition mode held in the mode control table based on the designation with the output analysis unit for each call, and designates the speech recognition mode for the decoder based on the speech recognition mode held in the mode control table for each call,
wherein, in a first mode of the speech recognition, the decoder reduces the number of language models to be referred to, and reduces the number of candidates to be presented as an intermediate result, and
wherein, in a second mode of the speech recognition, the decoder increases the number of language models to be referred to, and increases the number of candidates to be presented as the intermediate result.

US Pat. No. 10,170,119

IDENTIFYING SPEAKER ROLES IN A STREAMING ENVIRONMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method executed by at least one processor comprising:monitoring multiple real-time transport protocol (RTP) streams associated with a conversation having speakers with unknown speaker roles; and
running diaritization on the RTP streams to identify the speakers;
running transcription on the RTP streams to output text corresponding to speech of the speakers;
using the speakers identified by the diaritization and using text analytics run on the output text of the transcription identify speakers in the RTP streams by their role;
where there is only a single speaker on each RTP stream, associating a speaker in each RTP stream with a synchronization source identifier (SSRC);
after the speakers are identified and associated with an SSRC, discontinuing diaritization of the RTP streams to preserve computer resources while continuing to identify the speakers in the RTP streams by their associated SSRC; and
outputting the speaker role to provide additional services.

US Pat. No. 10,170,118

TELEPHONY SYSTEM WITH A BACKGROUND RECAPILATION FEATURE

1. A telephony system comprising:a processor; and
a memory, wherein the memory stores instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
establish a telephony session between a first communication appliance and a second communication appliance;
record a conversation of the telephony session in response to establishing the telephony session;
receive a request from at least one of the first communication appliance, the second communication appliance, or a third communication appliance not already participating in the telephony session, wherein the request is for the third communication appliance to join the telephony session;
in response to receiving the request:
extend the telephony session to the third communication appliance;
stop recording the telephony session; and
automatically transcribe the recorded conversation into a text transcript, wherein the instructions that cause the processor to automatically transcribe include instructions that cause the processor to wait to receive the request before initiating the transcription; and
provide the text transcript of the conversation to the third communication appliance in response to the extending of the telephony session to the third communication appliance for causing display of the text transcript on a display device associated with the third communication appliance, wherein the text transcript comprises at least a portion of the conversation prior to the extending of the telephony session to the third communication appliance.

US Pat. No. 10,170,117

USER-GUIDED TEACHING AN OBJECT OF A DEICTIC REFERENCE TO A MACHINE

International Business Ma...

1. A method utilizing an apparatus for teaching an object of a deictic reference to a machine and performing a task, by the machine, with respect to the object that was taught to the machine, said apparatus comprising the machine and a laser light, said machine coupled to the laser light via a data and control bus and configured to operate the laser light, said method comprising:a processor of the machine teaching the object of the deictic reference to the machine which results in the machine learning the object, said machine being a non-human robot, wherein the machine comprises the processor, the data and control bus, a haptic interface, and a conversational system, wherein haptic input pertaining to touching the object and verbal input from a user are received by the processor, via the haptic interface and the conversational system, respectively, from devices connected to the data and control bus, and wherein the conversational system comprises a deictic reference tool for user-guided teaching of deictic references and referent objects of deictic references to the conversational system for performing actions and/or tasks with respect to the referent objects learned by the conversational system, said teaching comprising:
said processor finding an item in a region indicated by a physical pointing gesture, by the user, that points to the object by touching the object, wherein said finding the item in the region comprises receiving, via the haptic interface, the haptic input pertaining to touching the object;
in response to a determination that a reference describing the item is not in a dictionary of the machine, said processor shining the laser light on the item and in response, said processor receiving, via the conversational system, a negative spoken indication from the user that the item shined on by the laser light is not the object;
in response to the negative spoken indication from the user, said processor interacting with the user in an iterative procedure, wherein during each iteration of the procedure, said processor shining the laser light on a portion of the item or on something thing that is physically coupled to the item and in response, said processor receiving from the user via the conversational system (i) a first spoken indication that the laser light has shined closer to the object than in the previous iteration, (ii) a second spoken indication that the laser light has shined further from the object than in the previous iteration, or (iii) a third spoken indication that the laser light has shined on the object, wherein the machine learns the object in a final iteration of the procedure in which the processor receives the third spoken indication from the user;
said processor storing the learned object in a storage repository;
displaying the robot's visual field on a video screen or display with the learned object highlighted or outlined by a laser scanner subsystem; and
said machine performing a task with respect to the learned object in response to the machine having received a voice command to perform the task, said task comprising said machine moving to the item and picking up the object to develop: a larger database of the object, a measure of a weight of the object, or surface friction presented by the object.

US Pat. No. 10,170,116

MAINTAINING CONTEXT FOR VOICE PROCESSES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving audio data from a first device;
determining that the audio data corresponds to an interaction associated with a first process;
sending, to a second device associated with the first process, a first request to operate the first process based on the interaction;
determining to halt a session associated with the first process at a first time;
determining that the first process is capable of using progress data to represent a current status of the first process;
determining first progress data corresponding to the first process, wherein the first progress data includes information about a first status of the first process at the first time;
associating the first progress data with an identity of the first process in a user profile associated with the first device; and
halting the session associated with the first process.

US Pat. No. 10,170,115

LINEAR SCORING FOR LOW POWER WAKE ON VOICE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system to perform key phrase detection comprising:memory to store a state score vector and an acoustic score vector; and
a processor coupled to the memory, the processor to:
combine the state score vector and the acoustic score vector to generate a score summation vector, wherein the state score vector comprises, for a first time instance, a state score for a single state rejection model and state scores for a multiple state key phrase model corresponding to a predetermined key phrase, and wherein the acoustic score vector comprises, for a second time instance and based on received audio input, an acoustic score for the single state rejection model and acoustic scores for the multiple state key phrase model;
determine an updated state score vector for the second time instance based on the multiple element score summation vector, wherein the updated state score vector comprises an updated state score for the single state rejection model and updated state scores for the multiple state key phrase model;
evaluate the updated state score for the single state rejection model and a selected updated state score for the multiple state key phrase model to detect the predetermined key phrase in the received audio input;
provide at least one of a system wake indicator or a system command in response to the detected predetermined key phrase.

US Pat. No. 10,170,114

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ADAPTIVE PROPER NAME ENTITY RECOGNITION AND UNDERSTANDING

Promptu Systems Corporati...

1. A computer-implemented method for recognizing and understanding spoken commands that include one or more proper name entities, comprising:receiving an utterance from a user as input;
performing primary automatic speech recognition (ASR) processing upon said utterance with a primary automatic speech recognizer to output one or more datasets, each said dataset comprising at least a sequence of nominal transcribed words, said sequence comprising a nominal primary transcription;
performing understanding processing upon each said dataset with a natural language understanding (NLU) processor to generate and augment the dataset with a nominal meaning for the nominal primary transcription and to determine the putative presence and type of one or more spoken proper name entities within said utterance, and wherein with each said spoken proper name entity is associated a contiguous sequence of nominal transcribed words within said dataset comprising a target span;
performing for each said dataset one or more instances of secondary automatic speech recognition (ASR) processing upon an entirety of said utterance, in each instance said secondary automatic speech recognizer specialized to process each given putative type of proper name entity and associated target span to generate one or more transcriptions and associated meanings for each said target span;
revising each said dataset by substituting, for each of the one or more instances of secondary automatic speech recognition processing, each of the one or more transcriptions and associated meanings obtained for each target span, to create from the totality of aforesaid revised datasets a set of one or more complete transcriptions and associated meanings; and
outputting a set of one or more complete transcriptions and associated meanings for the entire utterance.

US Pat. No. 10,170,113

CONFLICT RESOLUTION ENHANCEMENT SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A processor-implemented method for controlling a plurality of environmental factors that trigger a negative emotional state, the method comprising:analyzing, by a processor, a plurality of user data when a user experiences a plurality of presenter attributes, wherein the plurality of user data is a plurality of user vital sign data and a plurality of user social media data, and wherein the plurality of user vital sign data is user heart rate, perspiration rate, respiration rate, blood pressure, and body temperature, and wherein the plurality of presenter attributes are a speaker identity, a speaker voice tone, a speaker voice volume, and a speaker voice pitch;
determining a negative emotional state is experienced by the user when an attribute within the plurality of presenter attributes is present based on the plurality of analyzed user data, wherein the determined negative emotional state is selected from a group consisting of a sound volume sensitivity, a sound pitch sensitivity, a user stress level, an anxious state, a nervous state, a frightened state, a sad state, and an anger state;
receiving a plurality of calendar information associated with a plurality of user accounts of an email account, a social media account, and an instant messenger account;
identifying an upcoming web conference based on the plurality of received calendar information;
identifying an attribute within the plurality of presenter attributes is present at the identified upcoming web conference; and
in response to determining the identified attribute causes the user to experience a negative emotional state, executing an audio accommodation method to modify a presenter's voice with an overlay to soften the presenter's voice for the user listening to the web conference based on the identified attribute, wherein the overlay is a voiceover that lowers a present voice volume and plays a modified presenter voice audio in a softer tone to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,170,112

DETECTING AND SUPPRESSING VOICE QUERIES

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving, by a system of one or more computers and from a plurality of client devices, a plurality of voice query processing requests, each voice query processing request referencing a respective voice query;
identifying, by the system, that a value that is based on a number of voice query processing requests received by the system during a specified time interval satisfies one or more criteria;
in response to identifying that the value that is based on the number of voice query processing requests received by the system during the specified time interval satisfies the one or more criteria, analyzing at least some of the voice query processing requests to determine a set of voice query processing requests that each reference a common voice query, including:
(i) for each analyzed voice query processing request, generating an electronic fingerprint for the respective voice query referenced by the voice query processing request, wherein the electronic fingerprint models acoustic features of the respective voice query, and
(ii) determining matches among the electronic fingerprints for the respective voice queries referenced by the analyzed voice query processing requests based on comparison of the acoustic features of at least some of the electronic fingerprints; and
suppressing performance of operations indicated by the common voice query in one or more voice query processing requests subsequently received by the system.

US Pat. No. 10,170,111

ADAPTIVE INFOTAINMENT SYSTEM BASED ON VEHICLE SURROUNDING AND DRIVER MOOD AND/OR BEHAVIOR

1. A vehicular infotainment system comprising:a multimedia device comprising a human-machine interface and at least one of an audio player and a video player;
a plurality of sensors for acquiring driver characteristic data and at least one of traffic pattern data and vehicular positional data; and
a computer signally cooperative with the sensors and multimedia device and comprising a processor and a memory signally coupled to one another such that program instructions stored in the memory and executable by the processor:
cause the computer to convert the acquired at least one of traffic pattern data and vehicular positional data into a driver elevated cognitive load profile;
cause the computer to convert a first portion of the driver characteristic data that is input into the multimedia device from the group consisting of voice speed, voice volume, voice frequency and facial expression into a baseline driver mood profile;
cause the computer to convert a second portion of the driver characteristic data that is input into the multimedia device from the group consisting of voice speed, voice volume, voice frequency and facial expression into an instant driver mood profile wherein at least one of the second portion of the driver characteristic data is quantitatively different from a respective one of the first portion of the driver characteristic data;
cause the computer to selectively adjust the amount of time that the human-machine interface accepts the second portion of the driver characteristic data from a driver in situations where a determination is made by the computer of at least one of the elevated cognitive load profile and a difference between the instant driver mood profile and the baseline driver mood profile; and
cause the computer to selectively adjust at least one of an audio response and a video response from the multimedia device to a driver in situations where a determination is made by the computer of at least one of the elevated cognitive load profile and a difference between the instant driver mood profile and the baseline driver mood profile, wherein when the computer selectively adjusts at least one of the audio response and the video response from the multimedia device to a driver, it refrains from providing the human-machine interface response at least until such time as the determination by the computer indicates that the respective at least one of the elevated cognitive load profile and the difference between the instant driver mood profile and the baseline driver mood profile is no longer present.

US Pat. No. 10,170,110

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RANKING OF HYBRID SPEECH RECOGNITION RESULTS WITH NEURAL NETWORKS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for speech recognition in an automated system comprising:generating, with a controller, a plurality of feature vectors, each feature vector corresponding to one candidate speech recognition result in a plurality of candidate speech recognition results, the generating of a first feature vector in the plurality of feature vectors for a first candidate speech recognition result in the plurality of candidate speech recognition results further comprising:
identifying, with the controller, at least one trigger pair including two predetermined trigger words within the first candidate speech recognition result with reference to a plurality of predetermined trigger pairs stored in a memory;
identifying, with the controller, a plurality of unique words in the first candidate speech recognition result including a frequency that each unique word in the plurality of words occurs and at least one position of each unique word in the first candidate speech recognition result;
generating, with the controller a plurality of bag-of-words with decay parameters, each bag-of-words with decay parameter bowi being defined as bowi=?p?P?(wi)?p corresponding to one unique word wi in the plurality of unique words based on the frequency and the at least one position of the one unique word wi in a set of positions P?(wi) where the one unique word wi occurs and a predetermined numeric decay factor ?; and
generating, with the controller, the first feature vector including an element for the at least one trigger pair and an element for each bag-of-words with decay parameter in the plurality of bag-of-words with decay parameters;
providing, with the controller, the plurality of feature vectors as inputs to a neural network stored in the memory;
generating, with the controller a plurality of ranking scores corresponding to the plurality of feature vectors for the plurality of candidate speech recognition results based on an output layer of the neural network; and
operating, with the controller, the automated system using the candidate speech recognition result in the plurality of candidate speech recognition results corresponding to a highest ranking score in the plurality of ranking scores as input.

US Pat. No. 10,170,109

TASK INITIATION USING LONG-TAIL VOICE COMMANDS BY WEIGHTING STRENGTH OF ASSOCIATION OF THE TASKS AND THEIR RESPECTIVE COMMANDS BASED ON USER FEEDBACK

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at a client device, a given voice command from a user;selecting, from a library of voice-based triggers previously used across a population of users, a selected voice-based trigger, wherein the library includes one or more associations between each respective voice-based trigger of the library of voice-based triggers and one or more responsive actions previously invoked automatically by one or more other client devices operated by one or more other users of the population of users in response to the respective voice-based trigger, and wherein the selecting is based at least in part on a measure of similarity between the given voice command and the selected voice-based trigger;determining the one or more responsive actions associated with the selected voice-based trigger in the library;
identifying an application previously executed by one or more of the other client devices to perform the one or more responsive actions associated with the selected voice-based trigger in the library;
analyzing a plurality of distinct applications installed on the client device;determining, based on the analyzing, that the application previously executed by the one or more of the other client devices to perform the one or more responsive actions is not currently installed on the client device;identifying, based on the analyzing, an analogous application to the application previously executed by the one or more of the other client devices;
invoking, by the client device, the analogous application to perform the one or more responsive actions associated with the selected voice-based trigger;
receiving, by the client device from the user, feedback associated with the client device invoking the analogous application to perform the one or more responsive actions; and
altering a strength of an association between the selected voice-based trigger and the one or more responsive actions based on the feedback, wherein the altering includes incrementing a count corresponding to the strength of association when the feedback is positive and decrementing the count when the feedback is negative;
wherein the selected voice-based trigger is selected from the library of voice-based triggers further based on a context of the user detected using one or more sensors of the client device.

US Pat. No. 10,170,108

BREAK STATE DETECTION FOR REDUCED CAPABILITY DEVICES

Sinclair Broadcast Group,...

1. A method for placing secondary content into a break of unknown duration in a stream of primary content, the method comprising:streaming a segment of primary content;
receiving information indicative of the break of unknown duration in the streaming of the primary content;
playing secondary content based on receiving the information indicative of the break of unknown duration without knowing the duration of the break in the streaming of the primary content;
determining when a next segment of the primary content is available; and
streaming the next segment of the primary content upon detecting that the second segment of the primary content is available.

US Pat. No. 10,170,107

EXTENDABLE LABEL RECOGNITION OF LINGUISTIC INPUT

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A machine-implemented method for labeling a linguistic input according to a user intent of the linguistic input, the method comprising:configuring a machine-implemented first encoder with a first set of parameter values for encoding a linguistic input as an encoded input, the encoded input being a numerical vector having a fixed dimension;
storing on a machine-readable medium a plurality of intent encodings, each intent encoding being an output of a second encoder configured with a second set of parameter values, each intent encoding being an encoding using the second encoder of corresponding intent attributes of an intent of a plurality of intents, each intent encoding being a numerical vector of the same dimension as the encoded input; and
processing a first linguistic input, the first linguistic input having been determined from a speech input, the processing including
computing, using the machine-implemented first encoder, a first encoded input as an output of the first encoder with the first linguistic input as input,
determining, using a machine-implemented third encoder, a plurality of intent scores, each intent score being associated with a different intent of the plurality of intents, determining each intent score of the plurality of intent scores including applying the first encoded input and an intent encoding of the plurality of intent encodings corresponding to said intent to the machine-implemented third encoder producing an intent score associated with said intent, and
associating the first linguistic input with a set of determined intents according to the plurality of intent scores, including associating the first linguistic input with an intent associated with a best score of the plurality of intent scores;
causing the first speech input to be processed according to the set of determined intents;
receiving intent attributes for a further intent not being an intent of the plurality of intents;
computing a further intent encoding as the output of the second encoder with the received intent attributes as input;
adding the further intent encoding to the plurality of intent encodings, and storing the further intent encoding with the plurality of intent encodings; and
processing a second linguistic input, including determining an intent score associated with the further intent by applying the further intent encoding as an input to the third encoder;
wherein the machine-implemented first encoder comprises a first artificial neural network (ANN) having an output layer producing the encoded input, and the second encoder comprises a second ANN having an output layer having an output producing the label encoding, and wherein the parameter values of the first encoder and second encoder comprise values of weights of the first ANN and the second ANN, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,170,106

PARAMETER COLLECTION AND AUTOMATIC DIALOG GENERATION IN DIALOG SYSTEMS

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method for intent parameter collection, the method comprising:receiving a speech input of a user, the speech input of the user provided via a dialog system interface of a client device;
processing the speech input, using an automatic speech recognizer, to identify at least one predetermined intent keyword;
identifying a dialog system intent associated with the speech input based on the at least one predetermined intent keyword being previously defined, via a platform interface, as a trigger for the dialog system intent, the dialog system intent having required intent parameters previously defined via the platform interface as required, and having optional intent parameters previously defined via the platform interface as optional;
extracting, from the speech input, first optional data for a first optional intent parameter of the optional intent parameters,
wherein no optional data for a second optional intent parameter, of the optional intent parameters, is extracted from the speech input;
determining whether data for all required intent parameters of the dialog system are available without initiating a parameter collection dialog associated with the dialog system intent;
based on the determination:
selectively initiating performance of an action, based on the data for all the required intent parameters and based on the first optional data, without initiating a parameter collection dialog, when the data for all the required intent parameters are available without initiating the parameter collection dialog;
selectively initiating a parameter collection dialog associated with the dialog system intent, the parameter collection dialog being operable to collect data, for the required intent parameters not otherwise available to the dialog system, but not for the optional intent parameters, until data for all of the required intent parameters are determined, wherein when the parameter collection dialog is initiated, the method further comprises:
identifying a prompt defined for a given missing required intent parameter, the given missing intent parameter being one of one or more missing required intent parameters of the required intent parameters for which data is not available, and the prompt being previously defined for the given missing required intent parameter via the platform interface,
causing the prompt to be presented via the dialog system interface of the client device,
receiving an additional speech input of the user in response to the prompt, the additional speech input of the user provided via the dialog system interface of the client device,
processing the additional speech input to determine data for at least the given missing required intent parameter from the additional speech input,
after the processing, determining whether data for all of the missing required intent parameters are determined, and
based on the determination, selectively providing one or more additional prompts and processing one or more responsive additional speech inputs until data for all of the missing required intent parameters are determined; and
based on the dialog system intent, the data for all the required intent parameters, and the first optional data for the first optional intent parameter: generating an action instruction, wherein the action instruction, when executed, causes a server or the client device to implement the action based on the data for all the required intent parameters and the first optional data for the first optional intent parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,170,105

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EVALUATING TRIGGER PHRASE ENROLLMENT

Google Technology Holding...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:during a trigger phrase enrollment process:
prompting, by a speech recognition-enabled electronic device, a user of the speech recognition-enabled electronic device to speak a trigger phrase;
receiving, at the speech recognition-enabled electronic device, a first audio signal corresponding to the user speaking the trigger phrase;
determining, by the speech recognition-enabled electronic device, a first number of frames in the first audio signal that have a measure of noise variability of background noise exceeding a noise variability threshold;
determining, by the speech recognition-enabled electronic device, a second number of frames in the first audio signal that have voice activity; and
when the first number of frames in the first audio signal is less than a threshold value and when the second number of frames in the first audio signal is within a frame count threshold range, training, by the speech recognition-enabled electronic device, a trigger phrase model with the first audio signal corresponding to the user speaking the trigger phrase, the trigger phrase model configured to detect the trigger phrase in a spoken utterance; and
after the trigger phrase enrollment process:
receiving, at the speech recognition-enabled electronic device and while the speech recognition-enabled electronic device is in a sleep mode, a second audio signal including an utterance of the trigger phrase spoken by the user; and
detecting, by the speech recognition-enabled electronic device and using the trigger phrase model trained during the trigger phrase enrollment process, the utterance of the trigger phrase in the second audio signal, the trigger phrase when detected in the second audio signal causing the speech recognition-enabled electronic device to wake from the sleep mode, the sleep mode comprising a power-saving mode of operation in which one or more parts of the speech recognition-enabled electronic device are in a low-power state or powered off.

US Pat. No. 10,170,104

ELECTRONIC DEVICE, METHOD AND TRAINING METHOD FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An electronic device for natural language processing, comprising:a processor configured to:
for each of words obtained by segmenting a sentence in a training data set, determine attention parameters representing correlation between the word and each of other words in the sentence, wherein the words are represented by respective word vectors;
for each of the words, determine a context vector based on a sum of the word vectors of the other words in the sentence that are weighted based on the corresponding attention parameters; and
determine parameters of a trained neural network by training a neural network, based on label information of the sentence in the training data set, the word vectors, and context vectors for the words, the trained neural network being configured by the determined parameters to perform sentence classification on another sentence.

US Pat. No. 10,170,103

DISCRIMINATIVE TRAINING OF A FEATURE-SPACE TRANSFORM

International Business Ma...

1. A method for automatic speech recognition (ASR) by discriminatively training a feature-space transform, the method comprising:performing a first acoustic model (AM) training using manually transcribed data by implementing feature-space discriminative training (f-DT) on an initialized feature-space transform to obtain a pre-stage trained feature-space transform;
performing a second AM training using automatically transcribed data by implementing f-DT on the pre-stage trained feature-space transform as a newly initialized feature-space transform to obtain a main-stage trained feature-space transform;
performing a third AM training using manually transcribed data by implementing f-DT on the main-stage trained feature-space transform as a newly initialized feature-space transform to obtain a post-stage trained feature-space transform;
generating a post-stage trained AM from the post-stage trained feature-space transform for converting acoustic data to transcribed data; and
transcribing acoustic data using the post-stage trained AM.

US Pat. No. 10,170,102

AUTOMATIC ACCURACY ESTIMATION FOR AUDIO TRANSCRIPTIONS

International Business Ma...

9. A system for assigning a confidence level to at least one axiom extracted from text data, comprising:a memory medium comprising instructions;
a bus coupled to the memory medium; and
an audio transcription tool coupled to the bus that when executing the instructions causes the system to:
determine a number of accurate words in the text data based on a spell check function;
divide the number of accurate words from the text data by a total number of words in the text data;
automatically extract from a knowledge base stored in a computer infrastructure, the at least one axiom, wherein the axiom comprises a computer-parsable definition of a relationship of data to at least one of the words in the text data;
assign a confidence level to the at least one axiom based on an output of a Gaussian function applied to the result of the dividing;
receive a query from a user device, wherein the query includes at least one word;
match the at least one word with the at least one axiom using the knowledge base; and
provide the at least one axiom from the knowledge base to the user device based on the matching and the assigned confidence level.

US Pat. No. 10,170,101

SENSOR BASED TEXT-TO-SPEECH EMOTIONAL CONVEYANCE

International Business Ma...

1. A method for assigning phonetic data to a textual message for synthesis of an audio version of the textual message, the method comprising the steps of:receiving, from a user of a mobile device, a plurality of vocal samples;
determining a first set of phonetic data from the plurality of vocal samples based, at least in part, on:
segmenting each vocal sample in the plurality of vocal samples into a plurality of phonetic units; and
identifying a plurality of acoustic parameters corresponding to each of the plurality of phonetic units;
indexing a first set of phonetic units derived from the plurality of phonetic units based, at least in part, on:
identifying a correlation between acoustic parameters corresponding to phonetic units segmented from the plurality of vocal samples and a first emotional state of the user during a period of time in which each of the vocal samples are generated;
determining, based on physical characteristics associated with the user of the mobile device, the first emotional state of the user during a period of time which the textual message is generated via the mobile device;
comparing the first emotional state of the user with a context of the textual message;
determining, based on the comparison, that the first emotional state of the user matches the context of the textual message;
assigning, in response to determining that the first emotional state of the user matches the context of the textual message, acoustic parameters associated with those phonetic units in the first set of phonetic units that correspond to phonetic transcriptions of the textual message, wherein: the acoustic parameters are predicted to convey, to a listener, the first emotional state of the user; and
synthesizing, via speech synthesizer software, an audio version of the textual message based, at least in part, on the acoustic parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,170,100

SENSOR BASED TEXT-TO-SPEECH EMOTIONAL CONVEYANCE

International Business Ma...

1. A computer program product for assigning phonetic data to a textual message for synthesis of an audio version of the textual message, the computer program product comprising one or more computer readable storage media and program instructions stored on the one or more computer readable storage media, the program instructions comprising instructions to:receive, from a user of a mobile device, a plurality of vocal samples;
determine a first set of phonetic data from the plurality of vocal samples based, at least in part, on instructions to:
segment each vocal sample in the plurality of vocal samples into a plurality of phonetic units; and
identify a plurality of acoustic parameters corresponding to each of the plurality of phonetic units;
index a first set of phonetic units derived from the plurality of phonetic units based, at least in part, on instructions to:
identify a correlation between acoustic parameters corresponding to phonetic units segmented from the plurality of vocal samples and a first emotional state of the user during a period of time in which each of the vocal samples are generated;
determine, based on physical characteristics associated with the user of the mobile device, the first emotional state of the user during a period of time which the textual message is generated via the mobile device;
compare the first emotional state of the user with a context of the textual message;
determine, based on the comparison, that the first emotional state of the user matches the context of the textual message;
assign, in response to determining that the first emotional state of the user matches the context of the textual message, acoustic parameters associated with those phonetic units in the first set of phonetic units that correspond to phonetic transcriptions of the textual message, wherein: the acoustic parameters are predicted to convey, to a listener, the first emotional state of the user; and
synthesize, via speech synthesizer software, an audio version of the textual message based, at least in part, on the acoustic parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,170,099

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REPRESENTING WEB CONTENT FOR THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a speaker;
a display;
a sensor;
communication circuitry; and
a controller configured to:
display, on the display, a first web page comprising a first area and a second area, the first area including a plurality of objects linked to a plurality of web pages, respectively,
determine, via the sensor, a state of the electronic device,
output, via the speaker, at least one voice corresponding to at least one text included in at least one of the first area and the second area, when it is determined that a user does not stare at the first web page according to the state of the electronic device, and
determine whether to convert the at least one text included in the at least one of the first area and the second area of the first web page to voice data based on a capability of a wearable external device received from the wearable external device, and
transmit, via the communication circuitry, a first information to output information included in the first area to the wearable external device, based on the capability of the wearable external device when it is determined that the user does not stare at the first web page according to the state of the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,170,098

SOUND EFFECT GENERATION DEVICE FOR VEHICLES

MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION, ...

1. A vehicle sound effect generation apparatus for generating a sound effect of an engine based on a vibration sound database including a fundamental wave sound having a fundamental frequency component and a plurality of adjustment wave sounds having a frequency component other than the fundamental frequency component, the vehicle sound effect generation apparatus comprising:a running state detecting unit that detects a running state of a vehicle;
a lateral input amount setting unit that sets, based on the running state detected by the running state detecting unit, a lateral input amount in which a physical amount relating to at least one of a movement of the vehicle in a width direction and a movement of the vehicle in a turning direction is a parameter;
an adjustment wave sound selector that selects one or more half-order adjustment wave sounds having a half-order frequency component, based on the lateral input amount; and
a sound effect generation unit that synthesizes the fundamental wave sound with the one or more half-order adjustment wave sounds selected.

US Pat. No. 10,170,097

WATERPROOF SOUND TRANSMITTING SHEET, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

AMOGREENTECH CO., LTD., ...

1. A method of producing a waterproof sound-transmitting sheet, comprising the steps of:applying a spinning solution containing a pigment having a predetermined color and a second polymer material onto a substrate to form a webbed pigment layer;
applying a spinning solution containing a first polymer material having a melting point lower than that of the second polymer material onto the pigment layer to form a webbed sound-transmitting layer; and
heat-treating the pigment layer and the sound-transmitting layer to melt the sound-transmitting layer and form the waterproof sound-transmitting sheet into a nonporous sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,170,096

AUDIO CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MITIGATING STRUCTURAL NOISE BORNE FROM TIRES

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An audio control system for mitigating structural noise from tires of a vehicle, comprising:a Fourier Transform (FT) module configured to determine amplitudes of acceleration at predetermined orders, respectively, by performing a FT on a plurality of values of acceleration associated with a first wheel of the vehicle;
an order module configured to identify one of the predetermined orders where one of the amplitudes is greater than a predetermined value and to, based on the one of the amplitudes and a first rotational speed of the first wheel, determine a first order of a first frequency corresponding to the first rotational speed of the first wheel of the vehicle;
a sound control module configured to set characteristics for outputting sound at the first order of the first frequency corresponding to the first rotational speed of the first wheel; and
an audio driver module configured to, based on the characteristics, apply power to a first speaker within a passenger cabin of the vehicle at the first order of the first frequency corresponding to the first rotational speed of the first wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,170,095

PRESSURE ADAPTIVE ACTIVE NOISE CANCELLING HEADPHONE SYSTEM AND METHOD

BOSE CORPORATION, Framin...

1. A headphone system comprising:an earpiece having an interior volume, the earpiece configured to couple to an ear and define an acoustic volume comprising the interior volume and a volume within the ear;
a speaker acoustically coupled to the acoustic volume to provide acoustic energy to the acoustic volume based on a received driver signal;
a feedback microphone acoustically coupled to the acoustic volume to detect at least residual noise within the acoustic volume, and generate a feedback audio signal indicative of the residual noise; and
a control circuit comprising a sensor interface configured to receive an atmospheric pressure signal, the control circuit coupled to the feedback microphone to receive the feedback audio signal, the control circuit being configured to adjust the driver signal based at least in part on the feedback audio signal and the atmospheric pressure signal, wherein the atmospheric pressure signal comprises at least one instantaneous value of an atmospheric pressure, and wherein the control circuit is further configured to compare the instantaneous value to an alarm threshold and generate an alarm signal for the speaker when the instantaneous value exceeds the alarm threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,170,094

MUSICAL SOUND GENERATING DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD FOR SAME, STORAGE MEDIUM, AND ELECTRONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A musical sound generating device comprising:one or more operating units having sensors that detect operations of a performer;
a processor communicating with said one or more operating units,
wherein the processor is configured to perform the following:
determine a reflection coefficient of a progressive wave and a regressive wave using a mouthpiece model that models a mouthpiece as a three-dimensional shape having one end at which the mouthpiece is to be held in a mouth of the performer being smaller than another end, the progressive wave progressing through the modeled mouthpiece from said one end to said another end and the regressive wave regressing through the modeled mouthpiece from said another end to said one end, the reflection coefficient being determined by determining a wave impedance for the progressive wave and determining a wave impedance for the regressive wave; and
generate a musical sound signal on the basis of the determined reflection coefficient and an operation of the performer sensed by said one or more operating units, and outputs the musical sound signal to a sound generator for sound production,
wherein the processor determines a degree of opening of a reed relative to the mouthpiece on the basis of detection values from a sensor that detects how the mouthpiece is held in the mouth of the performer and the regressive wave that is determined from detection values from the sensors of the one or more operating units that detect finger operations of the performer, and
wherein the processor determines the reflection coefficient in accordance with the determined degree of opening.

US Pat. No. 10,170,093

PREAMPLIFICATION SYSTEM FOR AN ACOUSTIC GUITAR OR OTHER MUSIC INSTRUMENT WITH VIBRATING PARTS

HEART SOUND ITALY S.R.L.,...

1. A sound detection system of a musical instrument with vibrating parts, comprising:at least a pair of sensors comprised of at least
i) a first sensor comprised of a piezoelectric transducer in a first channel that picks up a first signal, and
ii) a second sensor comprised of a sensor transducer in a second channel that picks up a second signal that is independent from the first signal, the second sensor free of any piezoelectric transducer; and
a preamplification unit for processing a signal output from the first sensor in the first channel and a signal output from the second sensor in the second channel,
wherein said preamplification unit comprises
i) a first amplifier connected to the signal output of the first sensor, a first equalization stage comprising a first RC circuit connected to an output of the first amplifier, and a first variable weighted adder circuit with a first volume control having an arbitrary logarithmic response curve and comprised of a first resistive trimmer that sets a maximum gain value for the first channel, the first amplifier being a charge amplifier of fixed input impedance,
ii) a second amplifier connected to the signal output of the second sensor, a second equalization stage comprising a second RC circuit connected to an output of the second amplifier, and a second variable weighted adder circuit with a second volume control having an arbitrary logarithmic response curve and comprised of a second resistive trimmer that sets a maximum gain value for the second channel, the second amplifier being a charge amplifier or a non-inverting amplifier having high input impedance,
wherein the first equalization stage has a first structure that provides a first frequency response, and the second equalization stage has a second structure that provides a second frequency response different from the first frequency response,
iii) an adder connected to an output of the output of the first variable weighted adder circuit and to an output of the a second variable weighted adder circuit, and
iv) an output stage connected to an output of the adder.

US Pat. No. 10,170,092

PEDAL BOARD CONNECTION SYSTEM FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

1. A device for providing power and signal connection between a plurality of front and back sound stage music equipment, comprising:a front stage housing, supporting connection to a plurality of music equipment and to an input power;
a first plurality of music equipment signal sockets disposed on an exterior of the front stage housing, the first plurality of music equipment signal sockets adapted to provide connection to front stage music equipment for an amplifier instrument-in signal, an instrument-in signal, and a foot switch signal;
at least one power connector disposed on the exterior of the front stage housing, adapted to provide the input power;
a first aggregate, multi-pin wiring connector having a cable side and front stage side, disposed on the exterior of the front stage housing, the front stage side of the first aggregate connector having a first plurality of electrical contacts interior to the front stage housing, designated for connection to the amplifier instrument-in signal, the instrument-in signal, the foot switch signal, and the input power, wherein the cable side of the first aggregate connector is adapted to be removably connected to a single, multi-conductor cable;
a single, power and signal conveying cable having a front stage end and a back stage end, the front stage end having a first connector adapted to removably mate to the first aggregate connector, wherein the cable contains one or more shielded multi-electrical conductors and is adapted to convey the amplifier instrument-in stage signal, instrument-in stage signal, the foot switch stage signal, and the power input; and
at least one conditioning circuit having access to supplied power and providing the input power through the cable to the front stage music equipment,
wherein the device enables power and signals between the front and back sound stage music equipment to be conveyed by a single cable.

US Pat. No. 10,170,091

ELECTRONIC WIND INSTRUMENT, METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE ELECTRONIC WIND INSTRUMENT, AND COMPUTER READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM WITH A PROGRAM FOR CONTROLLING THE ELECTRONIC WIND INSTRUMENT

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An electronic wind instrument comprising:at least one sensor, and
a processor which performs
a lip position determining process for determining a lip position of a player based on at least one output value from the at least one sensor;
a tonguing performance detecting process for detecting a tonguing performance played by the player based on the output value from the sensor; and
a tone muting process for muting a tone generated by the player's performance in accordance with the lip position determined in the lip position determining process, while the tonguing performance is being detected in the tonguing performance detecting process.

US Pat. No. 10,170,090

MUSIC INFORMATION GENERATING DEVICE, MUSIC INFORMATION GENERATING METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

VISIONARIST CO., LTD, Na...

1. A music information generating device, comprising:a picture-image inputting part which inputs a picture-image;
a sound-source name memorizing part which stores plural sound-source names;
a block representative-color determining part which determines, where with a vertical axis corresponding to a pitch of sound and a horizontal axis corresponding to a progression time of sound, the picture-image is divided into blocks having been arranged in lattice shape, a representative-color of each of the blocks;
a block color name recognizing part which selects and determines, from among plural color names which are made to correspond to plural ranges of color attribute value having been set beforehand, a color name corresponding to the representative-color of the block as a block color name of the block, by recognizing to which range of the color attribute value the representative-color of the block belongs, where the plural color names have been made or are going to be made to correspond to the plural sound-source names having been stored; and
a diagram music-score generating unit which selects, based on a criterion having been set beforehand, a designated block from among the blocks having been arranged in lattice shape, and thereby generates a diagram music-score,
wherein the diagram music-score generating unit utilizes a sound-source name of the block, a pitch of sound of the block, and a progression time of sound of the block, and thereby generates the diagram music-score.