US Pat. No. 10,714,890

TRANSMITTER OPTICAL SUBASSEMBLY ARRANGEMENT WITH VERTICALLY-MOUNTED MONITOR PHOTODIODES

Applied Optoelectronics, ...

1. A transmitter optical subassembly (TOSA) module, the TOSA module comprising:a laser diode (LD) mounting surface;
at least a first LD disposed on the LD mounting surface, the first LD having a back-side emission surface for emitting a portion of optical power along a first optical path;
a base portion comprising a feedthrough device, the feedthrough device providing a vertical MPD mounting surface; and
a first MPD disposed on the vertical MPD mounting surface, the first MPD having a light receiving region optically aligned with the first LD via the first optical path based at least in part on the vertical MPD mounting surface extending substantially transverse relative to the LD mounting surface such that the first optical path intersects with the light receiving region of the first MPD.

US Pat. No. 10,714,889

LIDAR SENSOR SYSTEM WITH SMALL FORM FACTOR

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A sensor system, comprising:a light source configured to generate a light pulse directed along a first optical path;
a reflective surface positioned to receive the light pulse from the light source and direct the light pulse along a second optical path;
one or more optical elements positioned in an optical aperture to receive the light pulse from the reflective surface, pass the light pulse through the optical aperture, and direct the light pulse to one or more objects in an angle of view of a sensor system; and
a detector positioned to receive a portion of photon energy of the light pulse that is reflected back from the one or more objects in the angle of view of the sensor system via the one or more optical elements and to convert the received photon energy into one or more electrical signals,
wherein the reflective surface is offset from a center of the optical aperture to reduce blocking the light pulse that is reflected back from the one or more objects.

US Pat. No. 10,714,888

PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC-WAVE GENERATOR AND MEASURING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A pulsed electromagnetic-wave generator comprising:an excitation light source;
a laser resonator which excitation light from the excitation light source enters;
a pulse generating unit configured to generate a pulsed light group including at least two or more pulses with different frequencies (?) and different oscillation timings (t) in one excitation process of the excitation light source, an oscillation frequency difference (??) between the pulses in the pulsed light group being an integral multiple of a Free Spectral Range (FSR) of the laser resonator; and
a wavelength converting unit which the pulsed light group enters, and that is configured to generate a pulsed electromagnetic wave in which a wavelength of each pulse in the pulsed light group is converted.

US Pat. No. 10,714,887

COMPACT LASER CAVITY AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

Arete Associates, Northr...

1. A method comprising:introducing light onto a resonant optical path of a bulk component non-planar ring resonator, wherein the non-planar ring resonator consists of an even number of reflections on the resonant optical path, the resonator including a bulk component reflector having a first optical power and a gain element;
wherein the resonator has a primary resonator plane of the resonant optical path, the resonator has at least one reflection outside of the primary resonant plane, and the resonator further includes a configuration for polarization output coupling;
activating the gain element to an operational point;
while the gain element is at the operational point, observing an indication of resonator instability from the introduced light;
based on the observing the indication of resonator instability, adjusting a round trip magnification along the optical path of the resonator to greater than 0.9 via a technique selected from the list consisting of:
modifying a heat flux through at least one surface of the gain element;
modifying the first optical power of the bulk component reflector to a second optical power.

US Pat. No. 10,714,886

HIGH-Q AMPLIFIED RESONATOR

1. A ring resonator comprising:a waveguide comprising a pump bus and a signal bus disposed adjacent a ring guide, the pump bus and signal bus configured to couple electromagnetic signals to and from ring guide, wherein at least a portion of the waveguide comprises rare-earth element doped silica; and
a cladding material disposed adjacent the waveguide, wherein the cladding material exhibits an index of refraction that is lower than an index of refraction of the waveguide,
wherein the power coupling of ?1 (?s), ?2 (?s), and/or ?1(?p), ?2 (?p) are configured such that the ring resonator exhibits a quality factor (Q) of greater than 105 for the signal and/or pump, where (?p) is a pump wavelength, (?s) is a signal wavelength, and (k1) is a coupling coefficient of one of the signal bus and the pump bus and the ring guide, and where (k2) is a pump coefficient of the other bus and the ring guide.

US Pat. No. 10,714,885

METHOD OF MAKING A PLURALITY OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS FROM A SINGLE CIRCUIT BOARD SHEET

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A method for manufacturing a plurality of printed circuit boards, each board having the same connector layout, by dividing a single circuit board sheet, the method comprising:printing a solder paste on a first surface of the circuit board sheet;
mounting one or more connectors on each of a first surface of a first printed circuit board and a second surface of a second printed circuit board which, of the plurality of printed circuit boards, are located on opposite sides of a separation line, the first surface of the first printed circuit board and the second surface of the second printed circuit board being located on the first surface of the circuit board sheet;
melting the solder paste printed onto the first surface of the circuit board sheet by loading the circuit board sheet into a reflow oven;
inverting the circuit board sheet that has been removed from the reflow oven;
printing a solder paste on a second surface of the circuit board sheet;
mounting one or more connectors to each of a second surface of the first printed circuit board and a first surface of the second printed circuit board located on the second surface of the circuit board sheet;
melting the solder paste printed onto the second surface of the circuit board sheet by loading the circuit board sheet into the reflow oven; and
separating the first printed circuit board from the second printed circuit board by bending and breaking the circuit board sheet along the separation line,
wherein a first connector soldered to the first surface of the first printed circuit board and a second connector soldered to the second surface of the second printed circuit board are disposed at a location where the circuit board sheet can be bent and broken along the separation line.

US Pat. No. 10,714,884

LAND-BASED ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING PLUG

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A land-based electric vehicle charging plug comprising:a plug base including an electrically non-conductive base body and at least one charging current base contact; and
a separate and exchangeable interface which is detachably fastened to the plug base,
wherein the separate and exchangeable interface has an electrically non-conductive interface body and at least one charging current interface contact which is configured to be connected to the corresponding charging current base contact of the plug base,
wherein the plug base and the interface each have positive guides which together form an insertion funnel configured to align the plug base and the interface in such a way that, in a course of engaging the positive guides to connect the plug base to the interface, an initial angular deviation in alignment of more than 10° is possible, and the initial angular deviation in alignment is ultimately reduced to less than 5° by the insertion funnel.

US Pat. No. 10,714,883

ELECTRICAL LINE ARRANGEMENT WITH FLAT CONDUCTOR RAIL AND TOLERANCE COMPENSATION

LISA DRAEXLMAIER GmbH, V...

1. An electric cable arrangement for a vehicle, comprising:a dimensionally-stable flat conductor rail;
a contact part housing secured on the flat conductor rail and configured to receive an electrical part contacting the flat conductor rail, wherein the contact part housing clasps the flat conductor rail, and the contact part housing comprising a geometric engagement configuration passing through the contact part; and
a mounting rail comprising a mounting flange for connection to the vehicle and a connecting flange configured to engage the geometric engagement and retain the contact part housing on the mounting rail such that the contact part housing is movable in a longitudinal direction along the mounting,
wherein the connecting flange is located in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction and adjacent to the mounting flange in a first plane.

US Pat. No. 10,714,882

CONNECTOR MATEABLE WITH A MATING CONNECTOR AND INCLUDING A CONTACT WITH A NARROW PORTION TO ACHIEVE A REDUCED CONTACT WIDTH

JAPAN AVIATION ELECTRONIC...

1. A connector mateable with a mating connector along a front-rear direction, wherein:the connector comprises at least one contact and a holding member;
the holding member holds the at least one contact;
the at least one contact has a first support portion, a second support portion, a first contact portion, a second contact portion and a coupling portion;
each of the first support portion and the second support portion is resiliently deformable;
the first contact portion is supported by the first support portion;
the second contact portion is supported by the second support portion;
each of the first contact portion and the second contact portion is movable in an up-down direction perpendicular to the front-rear direction;
the first support portion has a first edge and a second edge in a width direction perpendicular to both the front-rear direction and the up-down direction;
the first edge faces a first orientation of the width direction;
the second edge faces a second orientation of the width direction;
the first orientation and the second orientation are opposite to each other in the width direction;
the coupling portion couples the first support portion and the second support portion with each other;
the coupling portion has an upper main portion, an upper bent portion and a wall portion;
the upper main portion has an upper front wide portion, an upper front narrow portion and an upper base portion;
the upper front wide portion is fixed to the holding member so as to be immovable in the width direction;
the first support portion extends forward from the upper front wide portion in the front-rear direction;
the upper front narrow portion is positioned between the upper front wide portion and the upper base portion in the front-rear direction;
the upper front narrow portion has an edge facing the first orientation;
the at least one contact has a first boundary portion between the first edge of the first support portion and the upper front wide portion in the front-rear direction;
the edge of the upper front narrow portion is positioned beyond the first boundary portion in the second orientation;
the upper base portion has an edge facing the first orientation;
the upper bent portion extends from the edge of the upper base portion and is bent downward;
the upper bent portion has a rear edge in the front-rear direction;
the rear edge of the upper bent portion intersects with both the front-rear direction and the width direction;
the wall portion has a plate-like shape intersecting with both the front-rear direction and the width direction, and extends downward from a lower end of the upper bent portion;
the second support portion has a size in the width direction and another size in the up-down direction; and
the size of the second support portion in the width direction is smaller than the size of the second support portion in the up-down direction.

US Pat. No. 10,714,880

POWERED WALL PLATE

1. A powered wall plate comprising:a wall plate having a front surface opposite a rear surface and at least one opening extending through the front surface and the rear surface that is large enough to expose an electrical device therethrough;
a first plurality of mounting screw apertures extending through the wall plate and configured to receive a plurality of mounting screws to attach the wall plate to the electrical device;
at least two wall plate electrical current features behind the rear surface of the wall plate, each comprising a prong extending therefrom;
a plug-in module extending through the at least one opening and having:
a module body with a left side and a right side;
at least one rivet fixedly attached to the module body;
a plug body with at least one elongated aperture extending therethrough, the at least one aperture configured to receive and couple with the at least one rivet, wherein the at least one rivet is configured to slide up and down within the at least one aperture;
a first arm of two arms extending outward from the left side of the module body and a second arm of the two arms extending outward from the right side of the module body, each arm of the two arms having an electrical current transfer contact and an arm aperture configured to removably mate with the prong of one of the at least two wall plate electrical current features, wherein the electrical current transfer contact is configured to contact the prong of one of the at least two wall plate electrical current features when the prong is mated with the arm aperture; and
at least two electrical plugs both extending from the plug body in a direction perpendicular to the first and second arms, the at least two electrical plugs being configured to removably mate with an electrical receptacle of the electrical device;
a plurality of LED lights located along a bottom edge of the front surface;
a photocell exposed on the front surface of the wall plate;
a control switch having an on position, an off position, and an auto position; and
a transformer housing extending forward of the front surface adjacent to a top edge of the front surface, the transformer housing comprising a circuit therein, the circuit operatively coupled to at least one USB port, the at least one USB port exposed on a top surface of the transformer housing and facing perpendicular to the front surface, the circuit electrically coupled between the at least one USB port and the at least two electrical plugs and configured to provide power to the at least one USB port and to the control switch when power is supplied to the at least two electrical plugs.

US Pat. No. 10,714,879

ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE ASSEMBLY WITH OUTWARD-BIASING FACEPLATE

Lutron Technology Company...

1. A faceplate assembly comprising:a faceplate that defines an opening that is configured to receive an electrical device insert of an electrical device;
a biasing member comprising a plurality of resilient fingers that are cantilevered from a perimeter of the opening, the plurality of resilient fingers configured to abut a yoke of the electrical device; and
an adapter that is configured to be disposed between the faceplate and a structure, such that the adapter at least partially surrounds a portion of the electrical device insert, the adapter further configured to abut a surface of the structure.

US Pat. No. 10,714,878

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR AND MODULES FOR HIGH-SPEED CONNECTIVITY

1. A connector module comprising:an electrically conductive isolator comprising:
a first cavity configured to receive a cable containing a plurality of twisted pairs of wires;
a forward section having a plurality of channels; and
a junction between the first cavity and the forward section, the junction receives the cable and separates each twisted pair of the plurality of twisted pairs of wires into a different channel of the forward section;
a first insulating member coupled to the channels;
a plurality of electrical contacts electrically coupled to each wire in each twisted pair of the plurality of twisted pairs, the electrical contacts spaced from each other between 0.060? and 0.080?; and
a second insulating member surrounding the first insulating member and the conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,714,877

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING TWO TERMINAL MODULE UNITS OF SAME STRUCTURE

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a terminal module including a first unit, a second unit, and a shielding plate between the first and second units, each of the first unit and the second unit having an insulative body and a row of contacts, the insulative body including a rear base and a front tongue; and
a shielding shell enclosing the terminal module; wherein
the first unit and the second unit have same structure;
wherein the terminal module includes an over-molding insulator molded to the first unit, the second unit, and the shielding plate.

US Pat. No. 10,714,876

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING A MIDDLE SHIELDING PLATE WITH ENGAGING ARMS FOR LOCKING TO A TERMINAL MODULE UNIT

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a terminal module including an upper unit having a first row of contacts integrally formed within an upper insulator, a lower unit having a second row of contacts integrally formed within a lower insulator, and a shielding plate between the upper and lower units, each of the upper and lower units including a rear base and a front tongue, the rear base of the upper unit being locked to the rear base of the lower unit; and
a shielding shell enclosing the terminal module; wherein
the shielding plate has a pair of upwardly extending engaging arms to sandwich two opposite lateral sides of the upper insulator for temporarily retaining the upper unit to the shielding plate, and an over-molding insulator is applied upon the stacked upper unit and lower unit with the shielding plate therebetween to further cover and bury said pair of upwardly extending engaging arms; wherein
each of the pair of engaging arms extends in a vertical plane perpendicular to a front-to-back direction; and wherein
the shielding plate includes a main portion and a rear extension higher than the main portion in a vertical direction with an oblique junction linked therebetween, a pair of legs downwardly extending from the rear extension, and the pair of upwardly extending engaging arms are located in a rear area of the main portion.

US Pat. No. 10,714,875

ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE CONNECTOR

ADVANCED-CONNECTEK INC., ...

1. An electrical receptacle connector comprising:an insulated housing comprising a base portion and a tongue portion extending from the base portion, wherein the tongue portion has a first surface and a second surface;
a plurality of first receptacle terminals, wherein each of the first receptacle terminals is held in the base portion and the tongue portion and disposed at the first surface;
a plurality of second receptacle terminals, wherein each of the second receptacle terminals is held in the base portion and the tongue portion and disposed at the second surface; and
a metallic shell comprising a receptacle cavity for receiving the insulated housing, an insertion opening being in communication with the receptacle cavity, a plurality of pins at two sides of the metallic shell and extending outwardly, an external protruding structure being on a bottom surface of the metallic shell and between the pins, a buckling piece being extending from the rear portion of a side surface of the metallic shell and bent toward the receptacle cavity, and a buckling groove on a rear portion of the base portion for buckling with the buckling piece, wherein the external protruding structure comprises a contact end extending outwardly from the metallic shell, and an enclosed structure is formed at the external protruding structure of the metallic shell, and wherein there is no through holes forms on a top surface and the bottom surface of the metallic shell.

US Pat. No. 10,714,873

PLUG WITH PROTECTIVE CONDUCTOR BRIDGE

1. A plug for mechanical and electrical connection with a corresponding mating plug, comprising:a housing;
a plug insert; and
a protective conductor bridge consisting of
an elongated flat cuboid bracket having a first end and a second end,
a single first end angulation having a generally square shape extending perpendicular from the first end of the bracket, and
a single second end angulation having a generally square shape extending perpendicular from the second end of the bracket, the single first end angulation and the single second end angulation being arranged in a common plane,
wherein the housing comprises at least one connecting region for connection with the plug insert,
wherein the plug insert is held on the at least one connecting region,
wherein the at least one connecting region and the housing are one piece,
wherein the protective conductor bridge is insertable into the housing, and
wherein the at least one bracket of the protective conductor bridge is arranged in a slot in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,714,872

CONNECTOR STRUCTURE ENABLING REPLACEMENT OF A SHIELD TWISTED PAIR CABLE AND AN UNSHIELD TWISTED PAIR CABLE WITHOUT LARGE STRUCTURAL CHANGE

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A connector structure, comprising:UTP (Unshield Twisted Pair) connection terminals each including a box portion and a protrusion, a male terminal being inserted and connected into the box portion, the protrusion projecting outwardly of the box portion, the UTP connection terminals being connected to respective wires of a UTP cable;
STP (Shield Twisted Pair) connection terminals each including a box portion and a protrusion, a male terminal being inserted and connected into the box portion, the protrusion projecting outwardly of the box portion, the STP connection terminals being connected to respective wires of a STP cable;
a UTP dielectric including accommodating portions for accommodating the UTP connection terminals; and
an STP dielectric including accommodating portions for accommodating the STP connection terminals;
a pair of the accommodating portions of the UTP dielectric and a pair of the accommodating portions of the STP dielectric being arranged in a width direction perpendicular to an inserting direction of the male terminals;
the UTP connection terminals being arranged in the pair of accommodating portions of the UTP dielectric such that insertion areas for the male terminals in the box portions are spaced apart at a first distance in the width direction;
the STP connection terminals being arranged in the pair of accommodating portions of the STP dielectric such that insertion areas for the male terminals in the box portions are spaced apart at a second distance greater than the first distance in the width direction; and
the UTP connection terminals and the STP connection terminals being set such that all of the protrusions are oriented in the same direction in a state accommodated in the corresponding accommodating portions and at the corresponding first and second distances in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,714,871

ANESTHESIA APPARATUS OR VENTILATOR WITH A HOT WIRE SENSOR, HOT WIRE SENSOR AND HOT WIRE SENSOR MODULE FOR A HOT WIRE SENSOR

1. A hot wire sensor comprising:a hot wire sensor circuit comprising a measuring contact pair and a compensation contact pair, the measuring contact pair being disposed in a predetermined position relative to the compensation contact pair; and
a hot wire module for electrically and mechanically detachably connecting to the hot wire sensor circuit, via the measuring contact pair and the compensation contact pair, wherein the hot wire module comprises:
a first hot wire comprising a measuring wire;
a second hot wire comprising a compensation wire; and
a chronological contact means for chronologically electrically connecting the compensation wire to the hot wire sensor circuit prior to electrically connecting the measuring wire to hot wire sensor circuit, the chronological contact means comprising a contact pair arrangement comprising measuring wire contacts for an electrically conductive contact connection of the measuring wire to the hot wire sensor circuit in a state of a mechanical connection of the hot wire module to the hot wire sensor circuit and compensation wire contacts for an electrically conductive contact connection of the compensation wire to the hot wire sensor circuit in the state of the mechanical connection of the hot wire module to the hot wire sensor circuit, the chronological contact means chronologically electrically contact connecting the compensation wire contacts to the compensation contact pair prior to electrically contact connecting the measuring wire contacts to the measuring contact pair, as the hot wire module is being mechanically connected to the hot wire sensor circuit to change from a mechanically unconnected state to the state of the mechanical connection.

US Pat. No. 10,714,869

CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A connector comprising:a first housing;
a second housing configured to be fitted to the first housing; and
a fitting assurance member configured to be attached to the second housing and to be movable relative to the second housing in a fitted state in which the first housing and the second housing are fitted to each other,
wherein the first housing comprises a lock protrusion, and a first inclined surface, and a second inclined surface, the first inclined surface and the second inclined surface being provided on opposite sides of the first housing,
wherein the second housing comprises a lock arm configured to lock the lock protrusion in the fitted state,
wherein the fitting assurance member comprises a first repulsive arm configured to generate repulsive force when the first repulsive arm is elastically deformed by the first inclined surface during a process of fitting the second housing to the first housing,
wherein the second housing further comprises a second repulsive arm configured to generate repulsive force when the second repulsive arm is elastically deformed by the second inclined surface during the process of fitting the second housing to the first housing, and
wherein the fitting assurance member further comprises a protective wall configured to protect the second repulsive arm of the second housing.

US Pat. No. 10,714,868

WATERPROOF CONNECTOR FOR A BOARD

AutoNetwoeks Technologies...

1. A waterproof connector for a board, the waterproof connector to be connected to a female connector formed with a terminal accommodating portion accommodating a female terminal fitting and an outer tube spaced from and surrounding the terminal accommodating portion to define an insertion space therebetween, comprising:a male connector housing formed with a rear wall, a forwardly open tubular inner receptacle projecting forward from the rear wall, the inner receptacle fit in a sealed state into the insertion space between the terminal accommodating portion and the outer tube of the female terminal fitting, and a forwardly open outer receptacle projecting from the rear wall and spaced outward from the inner receptacle to define a clearance between the outer receptacle and the inner receptacle around an entire periphery thereof, the outer tube being configured to fit between the inner receptacle and the outer receptacle, the outer receptacle being mountable on a printed board; and
a male terminal fitting having one end provided in the inner receptacle and the other end connected to a circuit formed on the printed board.

US Pat. No. 10,714,867

WATERPROOF CONNECTOR

SMK Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A waterproof connector comprising:a connector main body having a connection terminal held by a housing;
a casing having a connector accommodating portion in a concave hole shape in which the connector main body is accommodated; and
a sealing material fixed to an outer peripheral portion of the housing and preventing water from entering between the housing and the casing, wherein
the sealing material includes a peripheral abutting portion configured to abut against an inner peripheral surface of the connector accommodating portion, and a rear abutting portion configured to abut against a rear wall portion of the connector accommodating portion, and
the housing includes a sealing material supporting surface configured to support a rear surface portion of the rear abutting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,714,866

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY WITH PROTECTIVE GUIDING OUTER HOUSING

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector assembly comprising:an electrical connector including a terminal module, a shielding shell enclosing the terminal module, an insulative cover enclosing the shielding shell, and a sealing member disposed at a front portion of the insulative cover; and
an outer housing accommodating the electrical connector; wherein
the insulative cover has a plurality of humps engaging an inner surface of the outer housing; and
the sealing member is compressed between the front portion of the insulative cover and the inner surface of the outer housing.

US Pat. No. 10,714,865

CONNECTOR HOUSING WITH A CONNECTING MECHANISM TO PREVENT ELECTROMAGNETIC LEAKAGE NEAR THE INSERTION PORT

Tyco Electronics (Shangha...

1. A connector housing, comprising:a plurality of walls enclosing a receiving space and defining an insertion port, each of a pair of adjacent walls of the plurality of walls including a first wall defining a recess formed in an edge thereof, and a second wall defining an adjacent edge at least partially engaging with the recess formed in the first wall, the first wall and the second wall are orthogonal and have one of a pair of connecting mechanisms at adjacent edges of the pair of adjacent walls near the insertion port, the pair of connecting mechanisms are complementary to each other and the adjacent edges of the pair of adjacent walls abut each other and are connected to each other without a gap by the connecting mechanisms, the pair of connecting mechanisms including:
a wedge-shaped tooth extending from the recess of the first wall of the pair of adjacent walls; and
a wedge-shaped slot defined in the adjacent edge of the second wall of the pair of adjacent walls and arranged within the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,714,864

CONNECTOR

Yazaki Corporation, Mina...

1. A connector comprising:an outer tube;
an inner tube formed to be continuous from the outer tube; and
a partition wall configured to isolate the outer tube and the inner tube,
wherein the partition wall has an elongate convex portion,
wherein the convex portion is formed on a surface of the partition wall in a side of the outer tube,
wherein the convex portion has a through hole penetrating the partition wall which is formed in the convex portion, and a terminal is press-fitted into the through hole, wherein the convex portion is elongate in a second direction perpendicular to a first direction in which the through hole penetrates the partition wall,
wherein the connector is made of the resin mixed with a glass fiber piece, and
wherein the glass fiber piece is oriented in substantially parallel with the second direction in which the convex portion is elongate.

US Pat. No. 10,714,863

CONNECTOR

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A connector, comprising:a male connector and a female connector connectable to each other, wherein:
the male connector includes a male terminal supporting body and a male terminal covering body slidable relative to each other, a male housing capable of accommodating the male terminal supporting body and the male terminal covering body, and a male terminal fitting having a body part supported in the male terminal supporting body and a male tab projecting from the body part;
the male terminal supporting body includes a rail, the male terminal covering body includes a guide;
separation of the male terminal supporting body and the male terminal covering body is restricted by engaging the guide with the rail, and the male terminal covering body is slidable relative to a protection position for covering the male tab by a covering part and an exposed position for exposing the male tab by the guide sliding on the rail;
the male housing includes a receptacle configured to surround the covering part of the male terminal covering body at the protection position with the male terminal supporting body and the male terminal covering body accommodated in the male housing; and
the female connector includes a female terminal fitting to be fit into the receptacle and connected to the male tab at the time of fitting and has a pressing surface configured to displace the covering part toward the exposed position by pressing the covering part in the process of fitting the female connector into the receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,714,861

PREVENTING UNWANTED CONTACT BETWEEN TERMINALS

BIOSENSE WEBSTER (ISRAEL)...

1. A method of connecting a catheter to a console comprising a first-connector body comprising a first-connector mating surface and a plurality of electrically conductive first-connector terminals coupled to the first-connector mating surface the method comprising:receiving the catheter, the catheter including a second-connector body comprising a second-connector mating surface and a plurality of electrically conductive second-connector terminals coupled to the second-connector mating surface; and
interposing the first-connector body and the second-connector body such that the first-connector terminals are misaligned with and do not contact the second-connector terminals;
rotating the first-connector body relative to the second-connector body; and
contacting the first-connector terminals to the second-connector terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,714,860

JOINT CONNECTOR

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A joint connector for shorting wires to each other by electrically connecting wire-side terminals respectively mounted on ends of the wires to each other, comprising:a shorting member made of a conductive material, the shorting member integrally including a base extending in a shorting direction and shorting-side terminal projecting from the base in a terminal projecting direction intersecting the shorting direction, each shorting-side terminal being shaped to fit to each wire-side terminal in a fitting direction parallel to the terminal projecting direction; and
an insulating housing for holding the shorting member;
wherein the insulating housing includes a housing body having a shorting member accommodating portion for accommodating at least the base of the shorting member and a shorting member retainer to be detachably mounted into the housing body in a specific mounting/detaching direction to constrain the shorting member in the shorting member accommodating portion, the mounting/detaching direction intersecting with both the shorting direction and the fitting direction, and the shorting member retainer includes a shorting member constraining portion configured to cross the shorting member in the mounting/detaching direction to restrict a movement of the shorting member in the fitting direction.

US Pat. No. 10,714,859

RECEPTACLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Advanced Connectek Inc., ...

1. A receptacle electrical connector, comprising:a plurality of first terminals;
a plurality of second terminals;
a main insulator, having a plurality of first terminal grooves and a plurality of second terminal grooves, wherein each of the first terminals assembled and accommodated in the corresponding first terminal groove is fitted with the corresponding first terminal groove and in face-to-face contact, each of the second terminals assembled and accommodated in the corresponding second terminal groove is fitted with the corresponding second terminal groove and in face-to-face contact, wherein a first convex end of each of the first terminals is tapered, and a first concave end of each of the first terminal grooves is tapered so as to accommodate the corresponding first convex end of the first terminal, and wherein a second convex end of each of the second terminals is tapered, and a second concave end of each of the second terminal grooves is tapered so as to accommodate the second convex end of the corresponding second terminal;
a secondary insulator, engaged with the main insulator, so as to limit each of the first terminals in the corresponding first terminal groove and limit each of the second terminals in the corresponding second terminal groove;
a shielding plate, disposed between the first terminals and the second terminals; and
a shielding shell, surrounding the main insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,714,858

CONNECTOR AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A connector comprising:a casing configured to include a first contactor;
a slider capable of insertion into the casing and configured to include a second contactor;
an elastic body provided in the casing, the elastic body causing the slider to protrude from the casing; and
a movable spherical body rotatably provided at a tip of the slider,
wherein, when the slider is inserted into the casing, the first contactor comes in contact with the second contactor and the slider is moved in an intersecting direction that intersects an insertion direction of the slider.

US Pat. No. 10,714,857

CONNECTOR WITH RETENTION FEATURE

1. A cable assembly, comprising:a cable having an end;
a connector connected to the cable at the end thereof, the connector comprising:
a connector body defining a longitudinal axis of the connector;
a cap threadably engaging the connector body and movable in an opening direction and closing direction along the longitudinal axis of the connector, wherein movement in the opening direction increases a diameter of a pin opening of the connector body, and wherein movement in the closing direction reduces the diameter of the pin opening;
wherein continued movement of cap in the opening direction results in an axial abutment of a first abutment surface of the connector body and a second abutment surface of the cap within an interior annular space defined by the cap; and
wherein the connector body has a jaw portion defining a first outer diameter of the connector body and a body portion defining a second outer diameter of the connector body, the jaw portion extending from an end of the body portion, the second diameter less than the first diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,714,856

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY THEREOF

LOTES CO., LTD, Keelung ...

1. An electrical connector, configured for a plug having a plurality of pins to downward insert therein, the electrical connector comprising:a body, provided with a plurality of accommodating holes running through an upper surface and a lower surface of the body; and
a plurality of terminals, correspondingly accommodated in the accommodating holes, wherein upper ends of the terminals are located at a same height, lower ends of the terminals are located at a same height, each of the terminals has two contact arms opposite and close to each other, the terminals include a first terminal and a second terminal, and the two contact arms of the first terminal and the two contact arms of the second terminal are located at different heights and correspondingly configured for the pins to insert downward therein successively.

US Pat. No. 10,714,855

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

LOTES CO., LTD, Keelung ...

1. An electrical connector, configured to be electrically connected to a chip module having a plurality of pins, the electrical connector comprising:a body, configured to support the chip module upward, wherein the body is provided with a plurality of accommodating holes penetrating through an upper surface and a lower surface of the body, and each of the accommodating holes has a blocking wall; and
a plurality of terminals, correspondingly accommodated in the accommodating holes, wherein each of the terminals comprises a base, two first arms bending forward from two opposite sides of the base and extending upward, and a second arm bending forward from the base and extending downward, the two first arms have two clamping portions and two first guiding portions extending upward from upper ends of the two clamping portions and away from each other, the blocking wall of a corresponding accommodating hole covers upper ends of the two first guiding portions, the second arm has a second guiding portion and an abutting portion extending downward from the second guiding portion, the two first guiding portions and the second guiding portion are configured to guide a corresponding pin of the pins to insert downward, and the two clamping portions and the abutting portion are configured to clamp the corresponding pin altogether.

US Pat. No. 10,714,854

CIRCULAR CONNECTOR

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector for mating with a complementary connector along a front-to-back direction, comprising:an insulative housing;
a plurality of contacts retained in the housing with a cross configuration viewed in the front-to-back direction, and including:
a plurality of power contacts arranged in one row in a vertical direction perpendicular to the front-to-back direction to constitute a vertical bar of the cross configuration;
a plurality of signal contacts arranged in another row in a horizontal direction perpendicular to both said front-to-back direction and the vertical direction to constitute a horizontal bar of said cross configuration perpendicular to said vertical bar; wherein
said contacts include one at a center of the housing, and the contact at the center extends wholly along the vertical direction while all remaining respective contacts wholly extend along the horizontal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,714,853

SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A semiconductor storage device, comprising:a housing including a first face and a second face opposite to the first face;
a plurality of terminals that is exposed to the first face, extends in a first direction, and is spaced apart from each other in a second direction intersecting with the first direction;
signal terminals of the plurality of terminals, each of the signal terminals including a first end in the first direction, and a second end opposite to the first end in the first direction, the second end being closer to a contact position with a contact of a host device than the first end is to the contact position;
a controller in the housing;
signal wiring that extends from the first end in the housing to electrically connect the first end and the controller; and
a memory electrically connected to the controller in the housing, wherein
the first face and the second face intersect with a third direction, the third direction intersecting with the first and second directions.

US Pat. No. 10,714,852

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD MOUNTED CONTACTORS

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A printed circuit board (PCB) mounted contactor, comprising:a PCB with a planar surface;
a supply terminal and a load terminal fixed to the PCB; and
a contact supported by the PCB and movable between an open position and a closed position, movement of the contact being parallel to the planar surface of the PCB,
wherein the open position of the contact and the closed position of the contact are in the same plane as the planar surface of the PCB, and wherein the contact is in contact with the supply terminal and the load terminal in at least one position.

US Pat. No. 10,714,851

INTERFACE STRUCTURE

Sensata Technologies, At...

1. An interface structure for connecting an electronic component to a circuit board, the interface structure comprising:a base defining an elongated through hole;
a coil spring retained in the elongated through hole, the coil spring having:
a proximal portion;
a distal portion; and
an intermediate portion extending between the proximal portion and the distal portion,
wherein the distal and intermediate portions have a same external diameter,
wherein, when the coil spring is an uncompressed condition, the distal portion is inclined at an angle ?>0° with respect to a central axis of the intermediate portion of the coil spring, and
wherein the distal portion extends outside the elongated through hole so that as the coil spring is compressed, the coil spring creates a force having a component substantially perpendicular to the central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,714,849

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND SUBSTRATE

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. An electronic component comprising:a first terminal that is inserted and joined to a first through hole formed in a substrate; and
a second terminal that is inserted into and joined to a second through hole having an inner diameter that is the same as an inner diameter of the first through hole and formed in the substrate, wherein
a length of the first terminal from a first end that is inserted into the first through hole to a second end that is opposite to the first end is longer than a length of the second terminal from a third end that is inserted into the second through hole to a fourth end that is opposite to the third end, and
a cross-sectional area of a portion of the first terminal positioned on a side of the second end with respect to a first joined portion at which the first terminal is joined to the first through hole is larger than a cross sectional area of a portion of the second terminal positioned on a side of the fourth end with respect to a second joined portion at which the second terminal is joined to the second through hole;
wherein the first terminal and the second terminal are power supply terminals to which current is supplied from a power supply circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,714,848

ELECTRICAL HIGH-CURRENT CONNECTOR AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ELECTRICAL HIGH-CURRENT CONNECTOR

TE Connectivity Germany G...

1. An electrical connector assembly for an accumulator or a battery, comprising:an electrical connector including a stranded wire having a longitudinal end section and a connecting piece, the longitudinal end section of the stranded wire is incorporated in a material of the connecting piece;
a jacket electrically insulating a central region of the electrical connector; and
a capsule electrically insulating a longitudinal end region of the electrical connector, the capsule including a pair of insulating shells attachable to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,714,847

COAXIAL CABLE CONNECTOR WITH COMPRESSION COLLAR AND DEFORMABLE COMPRESSION BAND

PCT International, Inc., ...

1. A coaxial cable connector comprising:a barrel including a longitudinal axis, a front end, and an annular sidewall extending rearwardly from the front end of the barrel along the longitudinal axis;
a compression band in the sidewall, the compression band including a thinned portion of the sidewall and annular first and second ridges flanking the thinned portion;
an annular forward ridge formed in the sidewall in front of the first ridge; and
a compression collar mounted to the barrel for axial movement between a retracted position and an advanced position in which the sidewall is deformed radially inward only at the compression band.

US Pat. No. 10,714,846

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION OF ELEMENTS INSIDE THE CHAMBER OF A NUCLEAR FUSION REACTOR TO THE REACTOR VESSEL

1. A device for electrical connection of internal elements of a reactor chamber to a vacuum vessel in a nuclear fusion reactor comprising:a pair of flanges, and
a plurality of lamellar electrically conductive elements disposed in lamellae between the flanges;
wherein,
the conductive elements and the flanges are a single continuous integral unit,
each electrically conductive element has an undulate shape and includes bends between surface portions with differently directed normals,
the plurality of electrically conductive elements are arranged in layers between the flanges, and
each electrically conductive element has thickenings at the bends between the surface portions with differently directed normals and at transition areas where the electrically conductive elements transition to the flanges.

US Pat. No. 10,714,845

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. An electrical connector comprising:two pads having the same shape, each pad comprising a connector body having a first groove, a second groove, and a hole, the hole extending through the connector body between the first groove and the second groove;
a fastener extending through the hole of both of the two pads having the same shape so that the two pads having the same shape are connected to one another and are pivotable around the fastener relative to one another with the two first grooves contacting a first conductor when the first conductor is in an installed position and the two second grooves contacting a second conductor when the second conductor is in an installed position; and
a spring between a first end of the fastener and one of the two pads having the same shape so that the spring biases the two pads having the same shape towards each other,
wherein the connector body further includes a protruding tab on a first side and a side groove on a second side so that, when the two pads having the same shape are connected to one another, the protruding tabs are received in the side grooves, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,714,844

GROUNDING CLAMPS AND TORQUE-CONTROLLED FASTENERS

Panduit Corp., Tinley Pa...

1. A grounding clamp, comprising:a clamp including an upper jaw and a lower jaw rotatable about a pivot point at respective first ends and biased in a closed position by a spring, the upper jaw and the lower jaw each having a respective concave second end opposite the first end, the concave second ends of the upper jaw and the lower jaw forming a recess;
a torque-controlled fastener extending through the upper jaw and at least partially through the lower jaw, wherein the torque-controlled fastener is configured to control a predetermined amount of force applied by the upper jaw and the lower jaw, by rotation of the upper jaw and the lower jaw about the pivot point.

US Pat. No. 10,714,843

ELECTRIC WIRE WITH TERMINAL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRIC WIRE WITH TERMINAL

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. An electric wire with a terminal, comprising:an electric wire including a core wire, having a plurality of strands, and a covering that covers the core wire while an end portion of the core wire is exposed; and
a crimp terminal including a core wire crimping part crimped to the core wire, wherein
the crimp terminal includes a linking part that is a wall portion adjacent to a bottom part of the core wire crimping part in an axial direction of the electric wire,
in the core wire, a portion at a tip end side thereof including a portion crimped to the core wire crimping part, is a bonded part in which outer peripheral surfaces of the plurality of strands are bonded to one another,
a tip end surface of the bonded part projects to an outside from the core wire crimping part and is a cut surface,
in the cut surface, end surfaces of the plurality of strands are brought into contact with one another, and face a same direction, and
each of the end surfaces of the plurality of strands is sheared and deformed toward the linking part along a height direction of the crimp terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,714,842

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. An electrical connection assembly, comprising:wires each including a conductor;
terminals respectively corresponding to the wires;
connecting members made of solder and respectively applied to the terminals; and
an insulating housing collectively holding the terminals arranged in a wire arrangement direction orthogonal to a longitudinal direction of the wires such that the wires are conductively connectable to the terminals respectively via the connecting members while being arranged at intervals in the wire arrangement direction;
wherein:
each of the terminals includes a wire connection surface connectable respectively to the conductors of each of the wires, the connecting members being fixed respectively on the wire connection surfaces;
the wires include a first wire and a second wire to be electrically connected to one another;
the terminals include a first terminal and a second terminal respectively corresponding to the first wire and the second wire;
the connecting members include a first connecting member to be applied to the first terminal and a second connecting member to be applied to the second terminal;
the first connecting member includes a bulging portion bulging toward the second wire from the wire connection surface of the first terminal and to be electrically connected to the conductor of the second wire; and
the bulging portion of the first connecting member is fixed directly to the conductor of the second wire.

US Pat. No. 10,714,841

IMAGING REFLECTOR ANTENNA SYSTEM AND METHOD

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

10. A method for beam scanning, comprising:using an antenna system, the system comprising a single reflector imaging antenna (SRIA), and using a feed array comprising a number N of feed elements, the feed array configured to transfer a signal to the antenna, the feed array being defocused from a focal plane of the antenna by a defocus distance, the antenna configured to combine the feed elements to form a number M of medium gain element beams (MGEBs), the antenna further configured to combine the MGEBs to form a number J of high gain element beams (HGEBs), and the system further configured to combine all or some number of MGEBs to form a large coverage beam, using the N feed elements and the antenna, forming N single element beams;
combining the N single element beams, using the N feed elements;
forming M MGEBs in a first level beam forming network (BFN); and
combining the MGEBs in a second level BFN to create the large coverage beam.

US Pat. No. 10,714,840

WAVELENGTH SCALED APERTURE (WSA) ANTENNA ARRAYS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An antenna array system comprising:a plurality of antenna subarrays tiled together along a surface area to form a single wavelength scaled aperture (WSA) antenna array, each antenna subarray including a respective sub-array panel and a corresponding plurality of antenna elements that are mounted on the respective subarray panel and sized to support a corresponding frequency subband of a plurality of frequency subbands supported by the WSA antenna array, and at least two antenna elements of the plurality of antenna subarrays sized differently; and
one or more beamformer circuits, each of the one or more beam former circuits communicatively coupled to at least one of the plurality of antenna subarrays,
for each pair of adjacent antenna subarrays of the plurality of antenna subarrays, each antenna element, of one of the pair of adjacent antenna subarrays, adjacent to an inter-subarray gap separating the subarray panels of the pair of adjacent subarrays, is sized to be greater than or equal to a predetermined value, the predetermined value determined based on a predefined width of the inter-subarray gap, the inter-subarray gap arranged along the surface area.

US Pat. No. 10,714,839

ACTIVE WIDEBAND ANTENNA

HRL Laboratories, LLC, M...

1. A wideband active antenna system comprising a passive antenna having N outputs, each of the N outputs being directly coupled to an associated buffer amplifier, with a physical distance between the N outputs and a first active stage of each associated buffer amplifier being maintained as short as reasonably possible, the wideband active antenna system having a greater nominal bandwidth than a nominal bandwidth of said passive antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,714,838

ARRAY ANTENNA APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. An array antenna apparatus comprising:a wiring substrate; and
a plurality of antenna substrates,
the wiring substrate including a first substrate that has a first surface and a wiring layer that is provided on the first surface of the first substrate, the first substrate having a plurality of active element circuits provided on the first surface, each of the plurality of active element circuits being configured to perform at least one of transmission or reception of an electromagnetic wave, the wiring layer having a plurality of patch antennas and an electrical connection, and each of the plurality of patch antennas being electrically connected to each of the plurality of active element circuits by the electrical connection,
each of the plurality of antenna substrates including a second substrate that has a second surface and a third surface on an opposite side of the second surface, and at least one parasitic patch antenna that is provided on the second surface of the second substrate, wherein each of the plurality of patch antennas feeds a signal to the at least one parasitic patch antenna,
the plurality of antenna substrates being joined onto one wiring substrate, with a gap between adjacent antenna substrates, including the second substrate, of the plurality of antenna substrates, and
a distance between the plurality of patch antennas and the first surface is shorter than a distance between the plurality of patch antennas and the third surface.

US Pat. No. 10,714,837

ARRAY ANTENNA WITH DUAL POLARIZATION ELEMENTS

FIRST RF Corporation, Bo...

1. An array antenna with dual polarization elements comprising:a ground plane;
a first element and a second element with each of the first and second elements comprising:
a first polarization sub-element for processing a first linearly polarized portion of a signal, the first polarization sub-element having a first radiator structure extending between first terminal ends, a first balanced feed structure located between the first terminal ends, and, in operation, a first isolation plane located between the first terminal ends;
the first polarization sub-element lying in and/or on a first planar member that is substantially perpendicular to the ground plane, the first planar member defining a first plane;
a second polarization sub-element for processing a second linearly polarized portion of a signal, the second polarization sub-element having a second radiator structure extending between second terminal ends, a second balanced feed structure located between the second terminal ends, and, in operation, a second isolation plane located between the second terminal ends;
the second polarization sub-element lying in and/or on a second planar member that is substantially perpendicular to the ground plane;
wherein the first planar member and the first polarization sub-element are substantially perpendicular to the second planar member and the second polarization sub-element;
wherein the first radiator structure associated with the first planar member lies in the second isolation plane;
wherein the second planar member intersects the first plane at a location other than where the first isolation plane is located;
the first and second elements are positioned relative to one another such that:
the first planar member and the first polarization sub-element of the first element are coplanar with the first planar member and the first polarization sub-element of the second element;
the second planar member and the second polarization sub-element of the first element is parallel to, but not coplanar with, the second planar member and the second polarization sub-element of the second element.

US Pat. No. 10,714,836

HYBRID MIMO ARCHITECTURE USING LENS ARRAYS

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORI...

1. A hybrid antenna system, comprising:a plurality of lens antenna subarrays (LAS), each of the LAS comprising:
a plurality of antenna elements configured to selectively receive a radio frequency (RF) transmission signal from RF processing circuitry, the RF transmission signal provided to a selected antenna of the plurality of antenna elements via a switching network and a common phase shifter; and
a lens extending across the plurality of antenna elements, the lens configured to steer a RF transmission generated by the selected antenna of the plurality of antenna elements in a defined direction, the selected antenna determined by the switching network,
wherein the plurality of antenna elements consists of M antenna elements and the switching network switches between the M antenna elements to direct the RF transmission signal to the selected antenna for transmission through the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,714,835

ANTENNA AND AN ANTENNA PACKAGING STRUCTURE

SPEEDLINK TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. An antenna element apparatus, comprising:an antenna radiator;
an antenna substrate;
a grounded metal plate; and
a feed structure, wherein the antenna radiator, the antenna substrate, the grounded metal plate, and the feed structure are connected successively, wherein the antenna radiator includes a plurality of metal sheet units, one or more coupled slots disposed between adjacent metal sheet units to form radiation slots, wherein the grounded metal plate includes a feed slot that is fed by the feed structure, and wherein the radiation slots are fed by the feed slot through coupling.

US Pat. No. 10,714,834

BROADBAND QUAD-RIDGE HORN ANTENNAS

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A broadband antenna comprising:a horn comprising a first feed arranged and configured such that the horn will provide, along an optical axis of the broadband antenna, a first input wave having a first polarization orthogonal to the optical axis, and a second feed arranged and configured such that the horn will provide along the optical axis a second input wave having a second polarization orthogonal to the optical axis and the first polarization;
a first lens arranged with a first end proximal to the horn and a second end distal to the horn, the first and second ends of the first lens being on the optical axis, the first lens comprising a first dielectric slab and a second dielectric slab that orthogonally intersect each other along the optical axis, and are rotated about the optical axis by 45° relative to the orthogonal first and second polarizations, such that the first dielectric slab and the second dielectric slab are EM coupled with either of the first feed and the second feed, wherein each of the first dielectric slab and the second dielectric slab comprises a first dielectric material having a first permittivity; and
a second lens arranged with a first end proximal to the horn and second end distal to the horn, the first and second ends of the second lens being on the optical axis, such that the output end of the first lens is between the horn and the output end of the second lens, wherein the second lens is shaped to encapsulate at least portions of the first and second dielectric slabs that are adjacent to the optical axis, wherein the second lens comprises a second dielectric material having a second permittivity smaller than the first permittivity.

US Pat. No. 10,714,833

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a first metallic member;
a second metallic member spaced apart from the first metallic member, a first gap formed between the first metallic member and the second metallic member;
a third metallic member spaced apart from the first metallic member and the second metallic member, a second gap formed between the second metallic member and the third metallic member; and
a feed portion, an end of the feed portion connected to an end of the second metallic member adjacent to the third metallic member, another end of the feed portion electrically connected to a feed source to feed current into the antenna structure;
wherein the first metallic member, the second metallic member, and the third metallic member are electrically grounded;
wherein the current enters the second metallic member from the feed portion, the current flows towards the first gap and the second gap respectively to excite radiation signals in a first frequency band, the first metallic member and the third metallic member obtain the current from the second metallic member by coupling to respectively excite radiation signals in a second frequency band and a third frequency band, frequencies of the third frequency band are higher than frequencies of the second frequency band, and the frequencies of the second frequency band are higher than frequencies of the first frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,714,832

ANTENNA TUNING CIRCUIT, METHOD FOR TUNING AN ANTENNA, ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. An antenna arrangement comprising:an antenna with a first terminal being a feed terminal and a second terminal separate from the first terminal; and
an antenna tuning circuit connected in series between the second terminal and a reference terminal,
wherein the antenna tuning circuit comprises an inductance, a variable capacitor and a resistor, and
wherein the antenna arrangement is configured to sense a trimming voltage at the resistor so that the antenna arrangement is able to tune the trimming voltage by varying a capacitance of the variable capacitor based on the sensed trimming voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,714,831

DUAL MODE COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE WITH REMOTE RADIO HEAD AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

1. A communication device, comprising:a dual-band antenna array configured to transmit first radio frequency (RF) signals to a remote device in an RF band and to transmit first millimeter wave (MMW) signals to the remote device in a MMW frequency band, wherein the MMW frequency band is above the RF band;
a base transceiver station configured to generate a consolidated steering matrix in accordance with the transmission of the first RF signals to the remote device in the RF band; and
a remote radio head (RRH) configured to convert the consolidated steering matrix to a converted steering matrix that facilitates the transmission of the first MMW signals to the remote device in the MMW frequency band, and further configured to generate the first MMW signals in accordance with the converted steering matrix;
wherein the RRH is further configured to receive second RF signals, via the dual-band antenna array, from the remote device in the RF band and to recover a feedback matrix from the second RF signals; and
wherein the base transceiver station generates the consolidated steering matrix based on the feedback matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,714,830

DIGITAL PHASE SHIFTER SWITCH AND TRANSMISSION LINE REDUCTION

HUGHES NETWORK SYSTEMS, L...

1. A phase shifter, comprising:first circuitry corresponding to a first bit of the phase shifter, the first circuitry comprising:
a first PIN diode;
a first transmission line parallel to the first PIN diode, wherein the first transmission line is configured to phase shift a radio frequency (RF) signal that passes through the first transmission line; and
a first biasing circuit configured to forward bias or reverse bias the first PIN diode, wherein an RF signal received at the phase shifter passes through the first PIN diode when the first PIN diode is under forward bias, and wherein the RF signal received at the phase shifter passes through the first transmission line when the first PIN diode is not under forward bias.

US Pat. No. 10,714,829

PLANAR PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA

10. An antenna system, comprising:a circuit board;
plurality of radiating elements on a first surface of the circuit board;
a plurality of electronic packages on a second surface of the circuit board;
a plurality of feed lines, wherein for each electronic package feed lines in the plurality of feed lines connect the electronic package to at least two of the radiating elements;
a heat sink, wherein the heat sink is thermally connected to the electronic packages by a thermally conductive compliance member; and
a heat transfer medium volume, wherein the thermally conductive compliance member is a thermally conductive medium contained within the heat transfer medium volume, wherein the heat sink includes internal fins, wherein a portion of the heat transfer medium in a vicinity of the electronic packages is in a liquid phase, and wherein a portion of the heat transfer medium in a vicinity of the internal fins of the heat sink is in a vapor phase.

US Pat. No. 10,714,828

MICROWAVE ANALOG CANCELLATION FOR IN-APERTURE SIMULTANEOUS TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A transmit-receive phased array system for simultaneously transmitting and receiving, comprising:a transmit input for receiving a signal to be transmitted;
a transmit output, operatively coupled to the transmit input, for producing a signal for an antenna element;
a receive input, for receiving a signal from the antenna element;
a receive output, for producing an analog corrected receive signal, the receive output operatively coupled to the receive input through a receive signal path;
an adjustable filter having:
an input operatively coupled to the transmit input, and
an output operatively coupled to the receive signal path;
a digitizer operatively coupled to, and configured to digitize signals from:
the receive output,
the input of the filter,
the output of the filter, and
the receive signal path,
to form corresponding digitized signals; and
a processing circuit, configured to:
control the adjustable filter so as to partially cancel parasitic leakage from the transmit input to the receive output,
wherein:
the adjustable filter is an analog finite impulse response filter, and
the analog finite impulse response filter is implemented as a tapped delay line,
wherein the tapped delay line comprises:
a plurality of power dividers, each having:
an input;
a first output; and
a second output;
a plurality of delay elements, each connected to a respective power divider of the plurality of power dividers; and
a plurality of multipliers for respective tap weights, each connected to a respective power divider of the plurality of power dividers,
a second delay element of the plurality of delay elements providing a delay twice as great as a delay provided by a first delay element of the plurality of delay elements, and
the second delay element providing a delay twice as great as a delay provided by a third delay element of the plurality of delay elements.

US Pat. No. 10,714,827

SPHERICAL DIELECTRIC LENS SIDE-LOBE SUPPRESSION IMPLEMENTED THROUGH REDUCING SPHERICAL ABERRATION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A radio frequency (RF) antenna configured to reduce RF side-lobes caused by spherical aberration, such that the RF antenna comprises:an RF source configured to transmit RF energy in an optical path defined between the RF source and an exit point from the RF antenna;
a plug in the optical path after the RF source, such that the plug comprises a monolithic and optically active, with respect to RF energy, material, that comprises three sections of different shapes; and
a spherical lens in the optical path after the plug.

US Pat. No. 10,714,826

ADAPTIVE THINNING OF AN ACTIVE ELECTRONIC SCAN ANTENNA FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A method of adaptively controlling an active phased array antenna comprising a plurality of radiating elements, comprising:determining a thermal profile of at least a portion the active phased array antenna radiating elements;
comparing the determined thermal profile with a reference thermal profile; and
deactivating only a subset of the plurality of the radiating elements according to a thinning pattern based at least in part on the comparison between the determined thermal profile and the reference thermal profile;
wherein the thinning pattern is substantially uniform throughout the active phased array antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,714,825

ANTENNA DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a circuit board included in the electronic device having at least one board that is layered;
a bezel disposed along an edge of the electronic device;
a communication module disposed at one surface of the circuit board and electrically connected to the circuit board;
an antenna electrically connected to the communication module; and
a guide structure whose one surface is separated from another surface of the circuit board to form a space within the electronic device by enclosing the circuit board so as to form at least one opening portion at one side thereof,
wherein the guide structure is extended to one side of the bezel, and the at least one opening portion is disposed at one side of the bezel.

US Pat. No. 10,714,824

PLANAR SURFACE WAVE LAUNCHER AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

1. A planar surface wave launcher comprising:a substrate having a planar substrate surface;
a planar antenna having first and second antenna elements on the planar substrate surface, the first and second antenna elements having edges on an aperture side of the planar surface wave launcher and opposing edges, wherein the planar antenna is configured to transmit and receive first guided electromagnetic waves on a surface of a transmission medium; and
a conductive ground plane on the planar substrate surface and coplanar to the planar antenna, the conductive ground plane having a mating edge with a shape conforming to the opposing edges of the first and second antenna elements, the mating edge electrically isolated from the opposing edges of the first and second antenna elements, wherein the transmission medium is spaced a distance apart from, and parallel to, the conductive ground plane.

US Pat. No. 10,714,823

LOW-PROFILE, WIDEBAND, HIGH GAIN SPIRAL RADIATING ELEMENT ABOVE AN ARTIFICIAL MAGNETIC CONDUCTOR GROUND PLANE

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a curvilinear radiating element having a first diameter in a plane of the curvilinear radiating element; and
a circularly symmetric high impedance surface ground plane having a second diameter in a plane of the circularly symmetric high impedance surface ground plane, wherein the circularly symmetric high impedance surface ground plane is spherical, and
wherein the curvilinear radiating element is positioned proximate the circularly symmetric high impedance surface ground plane with the plane of the curvilinear radiating element parallel to the plane of the circularly symmetric high impedance surface ground plane, and a surface of the curvilinear radiating element is separated from a surface of the circularly symmetric high impedance surface ground plane by a distance.

US Pat. No. 10,714,822

WIRELESS MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING WIRELESS MODULE

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. A wireless module, comprising: a substrate including a one face, another face, a first region and a second region located adjacent to the first region; an electronic circuit mounted in the first region on the one face of the substrate; a conductive pattern formed in the second region on the another face of the substrate and serving as an antenna, a resin layer sealing the electronic circuit in the first region; and a shielding layer formed on a surface of the resin layer and having conductivity, wherein the resin layer is absent in the second region, wherein the substrate has a step on said one face at a boundary between the first region and the second region such that the first region of the substrate is thicker than the second region of the substrate, and wherein the shielding layer covers an entire top surface and entire side surfaces of the resin layer and an entire face of said step so that the resin layer is encased by the one face of the substrate in the first region on which the electronic circuit is mounted and the shielding layer without exposing any surface of the resin layer to an exterior.

US Pat. No. 10,714,821

ANTENNA STRUCTURE

Getac Technology Corporat...

1. An antenna structure, comprising:a central grounding line being linear and having two end portions provided with a grounding point and a first open point, respectively; and
a spiral antenna having two end portions provided with a feeding point and a second open point, respectively, the spiral antenna winds around the central grounding line while extending in a direction from the grounding point to the first open point, with the second open point positioned proximate to the first open point, wherein the spiral antenna and the central grounding line are spaced apart by an axial distance, thereby allowing the antenna structure to receive and transmit a radio frequency signal with circular polarization;
wherein the grounding point connects with a system ground plane, wherein the antenna structure is adapted to receive a radio frequency signal from a radio frequency signal transmission unit via the feeding point of the spiral antenna only and enable the radio frequency signal to undergo resonance through a current path which begins at the feeding point and ends between the second open point and the first open point and thereby send the radio frequency signal with circular polarization, and the antenna structure connects to the system ground plane through the grounding point only.

US Pat. No. 10,714,820

RADIATION APPARATUS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. An antenna comprising at least one radiation apparatus, the at least one radiation apparatus comprising:at least four radiators;
two L-shaped feeding sheets; and
a balun structure,
wherein the balun structure includes four L-shaped structures formed by eight conductive plates;
wherein each L-shaped structure is electrically connected to one radiator at one end of the balun structure, and angles between a length direction of the radiator and two conductive plates are approximately 45 degrees;
wherein each two adjacent L-shaped structures are arranged in a T shape, and the four radiators are in a cross shape and are approximately in a same horizontal plane;
wherein two adjacent conductive plates of each two L-shaped structures are approximately parallel to each other and are spaced by a preset distance to form four feeding slots; and
wherein the two L-shaped feeding sheets are disposed at approximately 90 degrees in the feeding slots in a staggered manner, and each L-shaped feeding sheet is disposed in two opposite feeding slots.

US Pat. No. 10,714,819

AM/FM DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA ARRAY FOR VEHICLE

1. An antenna system for use in a vehicle, comprising:four metallic radiating roof pillars, extending downward from a metallic roof section of the vehicle, the metallic radiating roof pillars each comprising a radiating antenna element;
four meanderline components, each having a first and second terminal, with the first terminal connected to a corresponding one of the metallic radiating roof pillars, each meanderline component further including two or more adjacent planar material layers having alternating conductive and dielectric layer properties, with the conductive layers electrically connected through or around the corresponding adjacent dielectric layers, each meanderline component having an impedance value that depends on an operating frequency;
a combining circuit, connected to the second terminal of each of the meanderline components; and
a radio, connected to the combining circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,714,818

REAR SPOILER FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A rear spoiler for a motor vehicle having a vehicle body and at least one antenna, comprising:a rear spoiler body influencing a flow around the motor vehicle when installed, the rear spoiler body having, on a surface, a recess and a measure for fastening the at least one antenna of the motor vehicle, the recess provided on a side of the rear spoiler body facing the vehicle body and, with the rear spoiler body in an installed position, the vehicle body and the rear spoiler body together forming a cavity in which the antenna is accommodated.

US Pat. No. 10,714,817

ANTENNA DEVICE FOR A RADAR DETECTOR HAVING AT LEAST TWO RADIATION DIRECTIONS, AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING AT LEAST ONE RADAR DETECTOR

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An antenna device for a radar detector, comprising:a circuit board having an electrically insulating substrate having a first side and a second side opposite the first side, wherein a respective electrically conductive layer is positioned on each of the first and second sides of the electrically insulating substrate, and wherein the electrically conductive layer positioned on the first side of the electrically insulating substrate forms at least one main antenna and at least one feeder cable electrically coupled to the at least one main antenna, the at least one main antenna being a patch antenna; and
at least one antenna structure integrated with the electrically insulating substrate, wherein the at least one antenna structure integrated with the electrically insulating substrate comprises a plurality of cutouts which are formed in the electrically insulating substrate and arranged in a waveguide, wherein an electrically conductive material is arranged at least partially in each cutout, and wherein the feeder cable formed by the electrically conductive layer positioned on the first side of the electrically insulating substrate is further electrically coupled to the electrically conductive material of at least one cutout of the plurality of cutouts, and is configured for simultaneously feeding an electromagnetic wave into the at least one main antenna and the at least one antenna structure integrated with the electrically insulating substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,714,816

ANTENNA MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT FOR A WORK VEHICLE

CNH Industrial America LL...

1. A work vehicle, comprising:a roof panel forming a portion of a cab of the work vehicle;
a headliner disposed between the roof panel and an interior of the cab;
a first spatial locating antenna positioned between the roof panel and the headliner, such that a top side of the roof panel is positioned above the first spatial locating antenna relative to a ground surface, wherein the top side of the roof panel extends beyond a lateral extent and a longitudinal extent of the first spatial locating antenna;
a hood; and
a second spatial locating antenna positioned beneath the hood, wherein a top side of the hood is positioned above the second spatial locating antenna relative to the ground surface, and the top side of the hood extends beyond a lateral extent and a longitudinal extent of the second spatial locating antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,714,815

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING A DME L-BAND SHARED ANTENNA

1. Circuitry, comprising:an interface to a bottom omni-directional antenna;
a radio frequency splitter in switchable communication with the interface to the bottom omni-directional antenna;
an interface between the radio frequency splitter and a receiver of distance measurement equipment; and
an interface between the radio frequency splitter and a surveillance receiver;
a switchable interface between a distance measurement equipment transmitter and the bottom omni-directional antenna;
wherein the circuitry is configured to operate selectively in a surveillance transmit mode, a distance measurement equipment transmit mode, and a receive mode.

US Pat. No. 10,714,814

ANTENNA

KATHREIN SE, Rosenheim (...

1. An antenna comprising an antenna control unit, a plurality of radiators, and a plurality of functional elements, the antenna control unit having a configuration function which is accessed via an external control unit, wherein at least one functional element is deactivatable and/or activatable via the configuration function, wherein the configuration function is implemented via a configuration file, which is stored in the antenna control unit and which is changed through the external control unit, and/or wherein the configuration function comprises an authentication function, which prevents unauthorized deactivation and/or activation of the functional elements, and/or wherein the antenna control unit comprises a communication interface via which the external control unit accesses the configuration function, wherein at least one communication interface is provided, via which the external control unit accesses the configuration function and which cannot be deactivated and/or is not associated with any port, and/or wherein the external control unit accesses the configuration function via all the activated communication interfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,714,813

ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING COVER HAVING ANTENNA MODULE COUPLED THERETO

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device having a space formed between a front face and a rear face thereof, the electronic device comprising:a first cover disposed on the front face;
a second cover disposed on the rear face;
a frame surrounding a periphery of the first cover and a periphery of the second cover;
at least one antenna module coupled to a first face of the second cover; and
a printed circuit board disposed in the space, and having a front face coupled to a face of the at least one antenna module and electrically connected to the at least one antenna module.

US Pat. No. 10,714,812

MULTI-RESONANT ANTENNA STRUCTURE

Cavendish Kinetics, Inc.,...

1. A device, comprising:a ground plane;
an antenna structure including:
a metal frame;
a first leg coupled to a feed point and to the metal frame;
a second leg coupled to the ground plane and the metal frame;
a third leg coupled to the ground plane; and
an arm coupled between the second leg and the third leg;
and
a variable reactance device coupled to the ground plane and the arm.

US Pat. No. 10,714,811

ANTENNA DEVICE

HTC CORPORATION, Taoyuan...

1. An mobile phone, comprising:a circuit board, comprising a ground layer;
a plurality of electronic components, being disposed on the circuit board and including a microprocessor and a wireless communication chip;
a functional component module, being electrically connected to the circuit board and comprising a carrier and a metal member disposed on the carrier, the carrier having a main portion and an extended portion, a side surface of the main portion being spaced apart from and facing toward a side surface of the circuit board, and the extended portion extending integrally from the side surface of the main portion to connect with the side surface of the circuit board;
a first antenna module, having a feed point, a first ground point and a first radiator, the feed point being disposed on the main portion and electrically connected to a side of the metal member, the first ground point being disposed on the extended portion and electrically connected to the other side of the metal member and electrically connected to the ground layer, and the first radiator comprising at least a part of the metal member, wherein, the feed point and the first ground point are disposed on two opposite sides of the first radiator, respectively; and
a feed line, having one end electrically connected to the feed point and another end electrically connected to the wireless communication chip, and being configured to transmit a first wireless signal to the feed point to feed into the first radiator;
wherein a radiation path of the first antenna module is defined from the feed point disposed on the main portion through the first radiator to the first ground point disposed on the extended portion.

US Pat. No. 10,714,810

ANTENNA APPARATUS FOR USE IN WIRELESS DEVICES

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An antenna of a wireless device, the antenna comprising:a first radiator to radiate a radio signal;
a second radiator disposed on a cover of the wireless device to radiate the radio signal based on a first beam; and
a third radiator disposed on the cover of the wireless device to radiate the radio signal based on a second beam that is different from the first beam,
wherein the second radiator is disposed on a first position spaced apart from and facing the first radiator,
wherein the third radiator is disposed on a second position spaced apart from and facing the first radiator,
wherein the second radiator comprises a curved radiator,
wherein the third radiator comprises a curved radiator,
wherein a direction of the first beam is associated with the first position of the second radiator on the cover,
wherein a direction of the second beam is associated with the second position of the third radiator on the cover,
wherein the first radiator includes a plurality of antenna patterns,
wherein the second radiator includes a plurality of first parasitic patches for a first polarization of the first beam and a plurality of second parasitic patches for a second polarization of the first beam, and
wherein the third radiator includes a plurality of third parasitic patches for a first polarization of the second beam and a plurality of fourth parasitic patches for a second polarization of the second beam.

US Pat. No. 10,714,809

ANTENNA FOR VEHICLE

AGC INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. An antenna for a vehicle configured to be attached to an internal side of a window glass for a vehicle, for receiving electric waves from a vehicle front side, the antenna comprising:a retention unit comprising a bonding part configured to bond the antenna to a surface of the internal side of the window glass, the bonding part defining a plane parallel to the surface of the internal side of the window glass when attached to the internal side of the window glass;
a first radiator having a shape of a plate, at least a part of the first radiator being arranged separated from the plane, wherein the first radiator includes a plate having a three-layers structure including:
a dielectric substrate having a shape of a plate,
a feeding element arranged on one main surface of the dielectric substrate, and
a radiating element arranged on another main surface of the dielectric substrate; and
a second radiator arranged separated from the first radiator, and arranged so as to sandwich at least a part of the first radiator between the second radiator and the plane,
wherein the retention unit retains the first radiator and the second radiator, and
an angle formed by the plane and a surface of the first radiator on a side facing the plane is an acute angle,
wherein in the first radiator, the feeding element is arranged on a second radiator side of the dielectric substrate,
wherein the radiating element is arranged on a window glass side of the dielectric substrate,
wherein the feeding element is a conductive film forming a micro strip line,
wherein the radiating element is a conductive film from which a slot extending in a first direction is cut out,
wherein positions of the micro strip line and the slot are determined so that when the micro strip line is projected onto the conductive film from which the slot is cut out, a part of the micro strip line overlaps with a part of the slot,
wherein the antenna for the vehicle is attached to the window glass for the vehicle so that the first direction, in which the slot extends, is a horizontal direction, and
wherein the second radiator is arranged so as to overlap with the slot in the horizontal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,714,808

TILT ADAPTER FOR DIPLEXED ANTENNA WITH SEMI-INDEPENDENT TILT

Commscope Technologies LL...

1. A method for operating an antenna in first and second radiofrequency (RF) bands, the method comprising:receiving first and second RF signals associated respectively with the first and second RF bands;
using a first electromechanical phase shifter to apply a first phase shift to the first RF signal, resulting in a plurality of first phase shifted RF signals;
using a second electromechanical phase shifter to apply a second phase shift to the second RF signal, resulting in a plurality of second phase shifted RF signals; and
using a third electromechanical phase shifter to apply a third phase shift to at least some of the plurality of first phase shifted RF signals, and to at least some of the plurality of second phase shifted RF signals.

US Pat. No. 10,714,807

STABILIZATION ARRANGEMENT FOR STABILIZATION OF AN ANTENNA MAST

SAAB AB, Linkoeping (SE)...

1. A stabilization arrangement (10) for stabilizing an antenna mast (3), comprisingan antenna mast (3), and
a gyroscopic stabilizer device (12) comprising:
a flywheel (11),
a flywheel axis (14), wherein the flywheel (11) is rotatably arranged about the flywheel axis (14), and
a gimbal structure (13),
wherein:
the flywheel (11) and the flywheel axis (14) are suspended in the gimbal structure (13),
the suspension of the flywheel (11) and the flywheel axis (14) in the gimbal structure (13) permits flywheel precession about at least one gimbal output axis (16) different than the flywheel axis (14),
the gyroscopic stabilizer device (12) is fixedly arranged in connection to a first end portion (31) of the antenna mast (3) and the antenna mast (3) is fastenable to a supporting structure at a second end portion (32) of the antenna mast (3), and
the gyroscopic stabilizer device (12) is configured to reduce movements in a plane perpendicular to the extension of the antenna mast (3).

US Pat. No. 10,714,806

BI-DIRECTIONAL COUPLER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A bi-directional coupler comprising a first individual directional coupler and a second individual directional coupler, the first and second individual directional couplers being individual electronic components having mutually equivalent circuit configurations, whereineach of the first and second individual directional couplers includes: a first terminal; a second terminal; a third terminal; a fourth terminal; a main line connecting the first terminal and the second terminal; and a subline connecting the third terminal and the fourth terminal, the subline including a first coupling line section and a second coupling line section, and a matching section that is provided between the first coupling line section and the second coupling line section in circuit configuration, the first and second coupling line sections and the matching section being configured to be electromagnetically coupled to the main line,
the matching section causes a change in the phase of a signal passing therethrough,
the first coupling line section and the second coupling line section have mutually different strengths of coupling to the main line,
each of the first and second individual directional couplers functions as a directional coupler by using the first terminal as an input port, the second terminal as an output port, the third terminal as a coupling port, and the fourth terminal as a termination port,
the second terminal of the second individual directional coupler is electrically connected to the second terminal of the first individual directional coupler, and
the bi-directional coupler functions as a directional coupler in both of a first mode and a second mode, the first mode being a mode in which the first terminal of the first individual directional coupler is used as the input port, the first terminal of the second individual directional coupler is used as the output port, and the third terminal of the first individual directional coupler is used as the coupling port, the second mode being a mode in which the first terminal of the second individual directional coupler is used as the input port, the first terminal of the first individual directional coupler is used as the output port, and the third terminal of the second individual directional coupler is used as the coupling port.

US Pat. No. 10,714,805

HIGHER SIGNAL ISOLATION SOLUTIONS FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD MOUNTED ANTENNA AND WAVEGUIDE INTERFACE

Milmosa Networks, Inc., ...

1. A waveguide mounted onto a dielectric substrate so as to enclose around a periphery of an antenna and contain radiation produced by the antenna along a path that is coaxial with a centerline of the waveguide, the waveguide comprising:a first portion comprising a first cross sectional area that is substantially polygonal that transitions to a second cross sectional area that is substantially conical, wherein a shape of the radiation produced by the antenna is altered by the first portion as the radiation propagates through the first portion;
a second portion comprising an elongated tubular member coupled with the first portion; and
a dielectric block disposed within the waveguide, the dielectric block comprising a square section and a conical section.

US Pat. No. 10,714,804

COAXIAL WIRING DEVICE AND TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION INTEGRATED SPLITTER

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A coaxial wiring device comprising a first metallic member,a second metallic member opposed to the first member, a conductor plate that is provided to be held between the first metallic member and the second metallic member,
a coaxial wire that is formed in the conductor plate, and
a first port and a second port that are provided on respective ends of the coaxial wire,
wherein:
a high-frequency signal is transmitted between the first port and the second port by the coaxial wire and grooves formed in the first metallic member and the second metallic member, and
the coaxial wire is formed in a bent shape and with a centrosymmetric figure.

US Pat. No. 10,714,803

TRANSMISSION MEDIUM AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

1. A cable, comprising:a core;
a plurality of dielectric strips that surround an outer surface of the core;
a cover that surrounds the plurality of dielectric strips; and
a coupler that facilitates inducing electromagnetic waves that propagate along the core without requiring an electrical return path, and wherein the electromagnetic waves have electric fields confined substantially below an external surface of the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,714,802

TRANSMISSION LINE DEVICE

WGR CO., LTD., Kyoto (JP...

1. A transmission line device comprising:a plurality of electrically conductive members stacked with interspaces therebetween, the plurality of electrically conductive members including three or more electrically conductive members; and
a plurality of artificial magnetic conductors each located between two adjacent electrically conductive members among the plurality of electrically conductive members,
wherein,
among the plurality of electrically conductive members, at least one electrically conductive member located between two endmost electrically conductive members is shaped as a plate having at least one slit; and
at least a portion of the plurality of artificial magnetic conductors is located around the at least one slit to suppress leakage of an electromagnetic wave propagating along the at least one slit.

US Pat. No. 10,714,801

BAND-PASS FILTERING STRUCTURE AND ANTENNA HOUSING

KUANG-CHI INSTITUTE OF AD...

1. A band-pass filtering structure, comprising a functional layer structure, wherein the functional layer structure comprises two or more first dielectric layers and a second dielectric layer that is disposed between two of the two or more first dielectric layers, a plurality of first conductive geometric structures displayed in a periodical arrangement are disposed on each of the two or more first dielectric layers, a plurality of second conductive geometric structures displayed in a periodical arrangement are disposed on the second dielectric layer, each of the plurality of first conductive geometric structures comprises two conductive strips disposed crossly, and each of the plurality of second conductive geometric structures is a closed conductive geometric structure; the closed conductive geometric structure has an outer diameter of 1.2 millimeters to 1.8 millimeters and an inner diameter of 1 millimeters to 1.5 millimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,714,800

ELECTROLYTIC ADDITIVE, ELECTROLYTE INCLUDING THE ELECTROLYTIC ADDITIVE, CATHODE INCLUDING THE ELECTROLYTE, AND LITHIUM AIR BATTERY INCLUDING THE CATHODE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electrolytic additive comprising a compound represented by Formula 1:wherein, in Formula 1,R1 and R2 are each independently hydrogen or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 aliphatic hydrocarbon group, and at least one of R1 and R2 is a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 alkyl group, and
R3 to R6 are each independently hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C20 cycloalkyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,714,799

FUEL-CELL VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A fuel-cell vehicle comprising:a fuel cell;
a secondary battery;
a radiator;
a circulation flow passage configured to cause a coolant to circulate between the fuel cell and the radiator;
a bypass flow passage passing through the secondary battery, one end of the bypass flow passage being connected to the circulation flow passage on an upstream side of the radiator and the other end of the bypass flow passage being connected to the circulation flow passage on a downstream side of the radiator;
a switching valve configured to switch a direction in which the coolant flows between a radiator side and a bypass flow passage side, the switching valve being provided at a junction between the circulation flow passage and the bypass flow passage on an upstream side of the radiator;
a first temperature sensor configured to measure a coolant temperature, the coolant temperature being a temperature of a coolant passed through the fuel cell;
a second temperature sensor configured to measure a secondary battery temperature, the secondary battery temperature being the temperature of the secondary battery; and
a controller configured to switch the switching valve to the bypass flow passage side when the coolant temperature is lower than a predetermined temperature threshold value and the coolant temperature is higher than the secondary battery temperature, and
wherein when the coolant temperature is not lower than the predetermined temperature threshold value and the coolant temperature is not higher than the secondary battery temperature, the controller being configured to switch the switching valve to the radiator side.

US Pat. No. 10,714,798

COOLING MEMBER AND POWER STORAGE MODULE WITH SAME

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A cooling member comprising:a sealing member including a sheet member and defining a liquid tight enclosure, the sealing member configured to change a shape of the sealing member to increase an inner volume of the enclosure;
a refrigerant enclosed in the enclosure of the sealing member and configured to expand the inner volume of the enclosure by vaporization of the refrigerant; and
an absorbing member disposed in the enclosure of the sealing member and configured to absorb the refrigerant;
wherein the sealing member includes an expansion portion at a side end of the sealing member, the expansion portion being composed of a side end of the sheet member bent toward an inner side of the sealing member and being configured to be expanded by the vaporization of the refrigerant to increase the inner volume of the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,714,797

MULTILAYER THERMAL LAMINATE WITH AEROGEL FOR BATTERY CELL ENCLOSURES

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A battery cell enclosure, comprising:a multilayer thermal laminate, further comprising:
a first layer at least partially enclosing a battery cell, the first layer comprising an aerogel insulator;
a second layer at least partially enclosing the first layer, the second layer comprising a thermal conductor;
a third layer at least partially enclosing the second layer, the third layer comprising a thermal storage medium; and
a directional conductor formed entirely within the third layer, the directional conductor extending beyond a length of the battery cell to transmit heat over the length of the battery cell, the directional conductor having a same thickness as a thickness of the third layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,796

BATTERY TEMPERATURE SENSOR AND ATTACHMENT STRUCTURE THEREOF

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A battery temperature sensor comprising:a sensor body including:
a sensor housing configured to be detachably attached to a mating body;
a first locking member provided on the sensor housing and configured to be locked to the mating body; and
a temperature measuring element integrally formed in the sensor housing so as to expose a temperature measuring portion of the temperature measuring element; and
an electric wire connecting connector including:
a connector housing configured to be detachably attached to the sensor housing;
a second locking member provided on the connector housing and configured to lock the sensor housing; and
a pair of terminals attached to the connector housing,
wherein a pair of parallel leads of the temperature measuring element are protruded from the sensor housing; and
wherein based ends of the terminals are configured to be connected to conductors of electric wires, and tip ends of the terminals are electrically connected to the pair of leads respectively when the connector housing is coupled to the sensor housing.

US Pat. No. 10,714,795

MONITORING BATTERY CELL INTERNAL PRESSURE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

20. A battery management system comprising:a receiving unit configured to receive, from a battery cell arrangement, a signal indicative of an internal pressure of a battery cell, wherein the signal is further indicative of a change of capacitance or inductance of a sensing element arranged adjacent to a membrane of the battery cell arrangement, and
a processing unit configured to determine a value of the internal pressure of the battery cell based on the signal received from the battery cell arrangement, and to generate a command signal to electrically decouple the battery cell from a load when the value of the internal pressure of the battery cell is greater than or equal to a threshold pressure value.

US Pat. No. 10,714,794

LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A lithium ion secondary battery comprising:a housing;
an electrode group that is in the housing, wherein the electrode group includes a positive electrode including a positive electrode active material layer and a negative electrode including a negative electrode current collector, a negative electrode current collecting plate that is electronically connected to a negative electrode terminal and a negative electrode active material layer, the positive electrode is electrically insulated from the negative electrode, the negative electrode active material layer is disposed on a surface of the negative electrode current collector, and the negative electrode active material layer includes a first region that faces the positive electrode active material layer and a second region that does not face the positive electrode active material layer,
an electrolytic solution that is in the housing, wherein the electrolytic solution contains lithium ions and at least a part of the electrode group is immersed in the electrolytic solution, and
a metal piece, separate from the negative electrode current collecting plate, that is affixed to and electrically connected to the negative electrode current collector, wherein the metal piece is made of a different material than the negative electrode current collector, is disposed at a position at which at least a part of the metal piece is immersed in the electrolytic solution, and an oxidation-reduction potential of the metal piece is within an overdischarging voltage range and is lower than an oxidation-reduction potential of the negative electrode current collector.

US Pat. No. 10,714,793

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY ASSEMBLY AND TERMINAL DEVICE

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A rechargeable battery assembly, comprising:a battery body, comprising a cell and at least two battery lugs, the at least two battery lugs being configured to transmit charging current from a charging device to the cell;
at least one temperature measurement element corresponding to the at least two battery lugs, the at least one temperature measurement element being configured to detect temperature information of the at least two battery lugs; and
a processor that is configured to acquire the temperature information from the at least one temperature measurement element, and to determine a temperature of the cell according to the temperature information;
wherein, the temperature measurement element and the corresponding battery lug are disposed on a same thermal conductive substrate, and there is a preset space between the temperature measurement element and the corresponding battery lug; wherein, the thermal conductive substrate is made of metal;
wherein the rechargeable battery assembly further comprises an insulating thermal conductive layer, wherein, the insulating thermal conductive layer is disposed between the temperature measurement element and the thermal conductive substrate, configured for conducting heat while avoiding influence on the temperature measurement element from current.

US Pat. No. 10,714,792

INTEGRALLY-FORMED RECHARGEABLE BATTERY AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF

SHENZHEN ORIENTAL WILLING...

1. An integrally-formed rechargeable battery, comprising an integrally-formed metal sleeve, which is a cylindrical case, wherein two ends of the integrally-formed metal sleeve are provided with inward-reversing blocking portions, and the blocking portion at at least one end is an annular portion with a hole in a middle; anda cell assembly is installed within the integrally-formed metal sleeve, and the cell assembly has a cell, a circuit board, an exposed charging interface and a positive electrode conductor; and the positive electrode conductor is exposed from the hole in the middle of the annular portion.

US Pat. No. 10,714,791

GEL POLYMER ELECTROLYTE AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A gel polymer electrolyte comprising:a matrix polymer; and
an electrolyte solution impregnated in the matrix polymer,
wherein the matrix polymer is formed in a three-dimensional network structure by polymerizing a first oligomer which is a compound represented by Formula 3:

wherein, in Formula 3,
R1 and R2 are each independently a fluorine-substituted or unsubstituted alkylene group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms,
R3 is hydrogen, or an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
R4 is an alkylene group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, —CH2—R6—CH2—, or CH2—R7—O—R8—CH2—, wherein R6, R7, and R8 are alkylene groups having 1 to 5 carbon atoms in which at least one acrylate group is substituted,
R5 is an alkylene group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or (CO—R9—O—)r—CO—NH—R10—NH—CO—O, wherein R9 is an alkylene group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and R10 is an aliphatic, alicyclic, or aromatic hydrocarbon group,
m1, n1, and o1 are the numbers of repeating units,
m1 is an integer of 1 to 10,
n1 is an integer of 1 to 10,
o1 is an integer of 1 to 500, and
r is an integer of 0 to 3.

US Pat. No. 10,714,790

BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, ELECTRIC VEHICLE, ELECTRICITY STORAGE DEVICE AND ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. A battery, comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode;
a first electrolyte layer positioned adjacent to the positive electrode;
a second electrolyte layer positioned adjacent to the negative electrode; and
a separator positioned between the first electrolyte layer and the second electrolyte layer,
wherein one or both of the first and the second electrolyte layers comprises a negative electrode active material, and
wherein the positive electrode and the negative electrode are laminated through the separator.

US Pat. No. 10,714,789

ALL-SOLID STATE BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An all-solid state battery comprising at least one short-circuit current shunt part and a plurality of electric elements, the short-circuit current shunt part and the electric elements being stacked, whereinthe short-circuit current shunt part comprises a first current collector layer, a second current collector layer, and an insulating layer provided between the first and second current collector layers, all of these layers being stacked,
each of the electric elements comprises a cathode current collector layer, a cathode material layer, a solid electrolyte layer, an anode material layer, and an anode current collector layer, all of these layers being stacked,
the first current collector layer is electrically connected with the cathode current collector layer,
the second current collector layer is electrically connected with the anode current collector layer,
the electric elements are electrically connected with each other in parallel, and
a plurality of sheets of metal foil are layered at least in one of the first and second current collector layers, the one being arranged on a side from which a nail penetrates in nail penetration testing, in a direction of layering the first current collector layer, the insulating layer, and the second current collector layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,787

LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

ENVISION AESC JAPAN LTD.,...

1. A lithium ion secondary battery comprising a power generating element, the power generating element including:at least one positive electrode plate having a shape like a sheet, said positive electrode plate having an area A (cm2);
at least one negative electrode plate; and
at least one separator, wherein
a ratio B/A (m? cm) of volume resistivity B (m? cm3) of the power generating element to the area A (cm2) per one positive electrode plate is 0.488 or more and less than 0.9,
wherein a positive electrode active material layer including a positive electrode active material is disposed on the positive electrode plate,
wherein the positive electrode active material layer has a density of 2.3 or more and 2.9 or less,
wherein the positive electrode active material is a lithium nickel manganese cobalt composite oxide represented by a general formula: LixNiyMnzCo(1-y-z)O2, where x is a numeral satisfying 0 wherein the lithium nickel manganese cobalt composite oxide has a layer crystal structure.

US Pat. No. 10,714,786

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND ALL-SOLID BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A positive electrode active material for all-solid batteries comprising:a core comprising a lithium-containing metal oxide; and
a coating layer comprising LiI applied to the surface of the core;
wherein the core comprises LiCoO2 and the coating layer consists of a mixture of Li3BO3 and LiI;
wherein the coating layer is present from an amount of from 0.05 to 0.1 wt %, and the coating layer comprises Li3BO3 and LiI in a ratio of 9:1 to 8:2 on a mole basis.

US Pat. No. 10,714,785

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ELECTROLYTE STORAGE AND DETECTING FAULTS IN FLOW BATTERIES

Vionx Energy Corporation,...

1. A flow battery system comprising:at least one cell stack;
at least a pair of storage containers connected to the at least one cell stack, each of the storage containers having:
a rigid shell;
a liner member directly bonded to at least a portion of inner walls of the rigid shell and forming an enclosure configured to retain a liquid electrolyte; and
a fault detection system configured to detect a fault in at least one of the storage containers, wherein the fault detection system includes:
a plurality of sensors disposed at selected locations in the flow battery system;
at least one radiofrequency signal source configured to transmit a plurality of radiofrequency probe signals at a selected frequency range through the flow battery system;
at least one detector configured to receive at least one radiofrequency return signal received in response to transmitting the plurality of radiofrequency probe signals, the at least one radiofrequency return signal including a complex impedance;
at least one processor configured to:
analyze the return signal received by the at least one detector to determine a frequency at which a peak in complex impedance occurs;
generate distance values indicating a distance from each of the plurality of sensors to the leak based upon the determined frequency and a velocity of propagation of the radiofrequency probe signals and at least one radiofrequency return signal within the liquid electrolyte; and
output a location of the leak in the flow battery system based on the generated distance values.

US Pat. No. 10,714,783

INTEGRATED FUEL CELL SYSTEMS

CUMMINS ENTERPRISE LLC, ...

15. A system comprising:a positive electrical bus bar conductively coupled with positive contacts of each of a first plurality of fuel cell stacks arranged in a first linear array;
a negative electrical bus bar conductively coupled with negative contacts of each of a second plurality of fuel cell stacks arranged in a second linear array, wherein the positive and negative bus bars are configured to power an electrical load connected thereto; and
a conduit spine disposed between the first and second linear arrays and connected to the first plurality of fuel cell stacks and the second plurality of fuel cell stacks, wherein the conduit spine is configured to house a plurality of conduits fluidly coupled to the first plurality and second plurality of fuel cell stacks to direct air and fuel to and from the first plurality and second plurality of fuel cell stacks.

US Pat. No. 10,714,782

CELL STACK DEVICE, MODULE, AND MODULE HOUSING DEVICE

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. A cell stack device, comprising:a cell stack comprising a plurality of arranged cells; and
a first manifold configured to fix a first end of each of the cells with a sealing material and supply a reactive gas to the cells, wherein
the first manifold comprises
a frame body configured to fix the first end of each of the cells with the sealing material inside the frame body, and
a plate body bonded to a first end portion of the frame body and having a rigidity lower than that of the frame body.

US Pat. No. 10,714,781

MOVING BODY

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A moving body comprising:a compressor that compresses and discharges an oxidant gas supplied to a fuel cell stack;
intercooler that cools the oxidant gas discharged from the compressor; and
a fuel cell stack supplied with the oxidant gas cooled in the intercooler,
wherein the moving body includes a stack frame, a compressor bracket, and an intercooler bracket, the fuel cell stack is mounted to the stack frame, the compressor bracket is secured to the stack frame, the compressor is mounted to the compressor bracket, the intercooler bracket is secured to the stack frame, and the intercooler is mounted to the intercooler bracket,
wherein the intercooler bracket includes a pair of arms extending from the stack frame,
wherein the arms each have a distal end side where the intercooler is mounted to each of the arms,
wherein the arms each have a base end side where the intercooler bracket is secured to the stack frame, and a connecting portion that connects the pair of arms is integrally formed with the pair of arms.

US Pat. No. 10,714,780

SEPARATOR HAVING A PLURALITY OF RIBLET ELEMENTS CONNECTED BY A PLURALITY OF CONNECTING BARS, AND FUEL CELL STACK COMPRISING THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A separator comprising:a plurality of riblet elements arranged to be spaced apart at a predetermined interval; and
a plurality of connecting bars connecting two adjacent riblet elements at opposite ends of each riblet element,
wherein each of the riblet elements comprises a contact portion for contacting a gas diffusion layer, the contact portion having a predetermined area, and a first partition wall and a second partition wall each extended from both sides of said contact portion,
wherein the space formed by the first partition wall, the contact portion and the second partition wall is opened along the connection direction of the connecting bar, and
wherein at least two riblet elements are provided such that each of the contact portions has a different area,
wherein the plurality of connecting bars connect riblet elements adjacent along a first direction, and
wherein some adjacent connecting bars are connected intermittently along a first continuous line in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,714,779

PROTON CONDUCTING ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITION AND METHOD OF PREPARATION THEREOF

UNIVERSITI BRUNEI DARUSSA...

1. A process for preparing an electrolyte composition comprising:contacting stoichiometric amount of SrO, BaCO3, CeO2, ZrO2, Y2O3, and Sm2O3 powders to mix them together in presence of alcohol, acetone, or water;
grinding the mix using agate mortar and pestle; and
sintering the mixed powders to obtain the electrolyte composition which shows highest power density of about 697 mW/cm2 at temperature about 600° C., the stoichiometric amount producing an electrolyte composition Sr1 Sr1-xBaxCe0.5Zr0.35Y0.1Sm0.05O3-? wherein x=0 to 0.99, and ?=0 to 0.1.

US Pat. No. 10,714,778

MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR FUEL CELLS HAVING IMPROVED DURABILITY AND A POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL INCLUDING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A membrane-electrode assembly for fuel cells comprising:an electrolyte membrane; and
one or more electrodes associated with the electrolyte membrane;
wherein the electrolyte membrane comprises a perfluorinated sulfonic acid-based ionomer and an antioxidant, wherein the antioxidant comprises a samarium (Sm)-doped cerium oxide (SDC), and
wherein the electrolyte membrane comprises the antioxidant in an amount of 0.05% by weight to 20% by weight, based on the total weight of the perfluorinated sulfonic acid-based ionomer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,777

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR UAV FUEL CELL

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) comprising:a fuel cell in communication with a fuel storage container, wherein the fuel cell is configured to generate electricity and a byproduct, by reacting a first fuel from the fuel storage container with a second fuel through an electrochemical reaction; and
a venting system configured to expose the byproduct to forced convection;
wherein:
the fuel storage container includes a storage case formed from a rigid material and a conformable bag placed inside the storage case, the conformable bag having a chamber configured to store the first fuel, the storage case being partially filled with an inert gas; and
when an outer surface of the conformable bag touches an inner wall the of storage case, the first fuel stored in the camber of the conformable bag reaches a predetermined pressure, the predetermined pressure being below a neutral buoyancy pressure to cause the fuel storage container to provide a lift force to the UAV.

US Pat. No. 10,714,776

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD FOR FUEL CELL SYSTEM

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A control method for controlling a fuel cell system including a battery, a fuel cell, an inverter configured to convert power output from the fuel cell into alternating-current power and supply the alternating-current power to a motor, and a converter configured to control voltage between the inverter and the fuel cell using power output from the battery, the control method comprising:controlling the converter to cause, when power required by the motor increases, the voltage between the inverter and the fuel cell to fall below a voltage lower limit of the inverter, wherein
in controlling the converter, when an electrolyte membrane of the fuel cell is wet, causing the voltage between the inverter and the fuel cell to fall below the voltage lower limit of the inverter is restricted.

US Pat. No. 10,714,774

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell stack having a plurality of unit cells in which anode gas flow paths are formed;
an anode gas supply unit configured to supply anode gas to the fuel cell stack via an anode gas supply port of the fuel cell stack;
a pressure sensor provided between the anode gas supply port and the anode gas supply unit to measure anode gas supply pressure;
a current sensor configured to measure electric current of the fuel cell stack; and
a controller configured to control anode gas supply quantity of the anode gas supply unit to thereby control the anode gas supply pressure, wherein
the controller is programmed to, when there has been satisfied a blockage-predictable condition indicating that occurrence of blockage due to liquid water in the anode gas flow paths of at least one unit cell is predictable:
calculate a first pressure for setting a stoichiometric ratio of anode gas to a predetermined value, the stoichiometric ratio being calculated from a current of the fuel cell stack and the anode gas supply quantity, then
compare the first pressure with a second pressure for resolving blockage in the anode gas flow paths due to liquid water to determine a higher-in-value one of the first pressure and the second pressure as a selected pressure, and
control the anode gas supply quantity so that the anode gas supply pressure becomes the selected pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,714,773

COOLING SYSTEM DT/DT BASED CONTROL

1. A system for heating or cooling a fuel cell circuit of a vehicle comprising:a fuel cell stack having a plurality of fuel cells and configured to receive a fluid;
a temperature sensor configured to detect a fluid temperature of the fluid;
an actuator coupled to the fuel cell stack and configured to increase or decrease the fluid temperature; and
an electronic control unit (ECU) coupled to the temperature sensor and configured to:
receive a target fuel cell temperature corresponding to the fuel cell stack and based on a power request of the vehicle,
determine a temperature rate of change corresponding to a desired rate of temperature change of a current fuel cell temperature of the fuel cell stack to achieve the target fuel cell temperature based on the target fuel cell temperature, and
control the actuator to increase or decrease the fluid temperature based on the temperature rate of change to cause the current fuel cell temperature to increase or decrease to the target fuel cell temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,714,763

METHOD FOR PRODUCING SEPARATOR BY MOLD WITH GROOVES FOR REDUCING FRICTION

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A method for producing a fuel cell separator, the method comprising:preparing a separator material with a coating layer provided on a surface thereof;
supplying, to at least one of the separator material or a mold, at least one of a machining oil or air; and
pressing the separator material using the mold so as to be molded into a predetermined shape,
wherein the surface of the mold is provided with a groove having a depth and a width, each being equivalent to or larger than a thickness of the coating layer and equivalent to or smaller than a thickness of the separator material.

US Pat. No. 10,714,762

ELECTRODE CATALYST LAYER FOR FUEL CELL, AND FUEL CELL MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL USING THE CATALYST LAYER

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A membrane electrode assembly for fuel cell comprising a solid polymer electrolyte membrane, a cathode catalyst layer arranged on one side of the electrolyte membrane, and an anode catalyst layer arranged on the other side of the electrolyte membrane,wherein at least one of the cathode catalyst layer or the anode catalyst layer is a catalyst layer comprising a catalyst containing a catalyst carrier having carbon as a main component and a catalytic metal supported on the catalyst carrier, and a polymer electrolyte having a sulfonic acid group (—SO3H) as an ion exchange group,
wherein the catalyst has the R? (D?/G intensity ratio) of 0.35 or more and of 0.6 or less, which is the ratio of D? band peak intensity (D? intensity) measured in the vicinity of 1620 cm?1 relative to G band peak intensity (G intensity) measured in the vicinity of 1580 cm?1 by Raman spectroscopy, and has BET specific surface area of 900 m2/g catalyst carrier or more, and
mole number of a sulfonic acid group in the polymer electrolyte relative to weight of the catalyst carrier is 0.7 mmol/g or more and 1.0 mmol/g or less,
wherein the weight ratio of the polymer electrolyte relative to the catalyst carrier is 0.5 or more and 1.0 or less,
wherein a portion of the catalyst is coated with the polymer electrolyte,
wherein the catalyst carrier is obtained by heat treatment in which the heat treatment temperature is over 1300° C. and 1880° C. or less, and the atmosphere is an inert atmosphere.

US Pat. No. 10,714,761

CATALYST LAYER FOR FUEL CELL, AND FUEL CELL

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A fuel cell including an electrolyte film, a catalyst layer disposed on a main surface of the electrolyte film, a gas diffusion layer disposed on the catalyst layer at a side opposite to the electrolyte film, the catalyst layer comprising:a plurality of carbon particles;
a plurality of catalyst particles supported on surfaces of the plurality of carbon particles; and
a plurality of plate-shaped carbon members disposed between the plurality of carbon particles, wherein:
the plurality of plate-shaped carbon members are constituted by a first group of plate-shaped carbon members and a second group of plate-shaped carbon members,
an average of a length of a long side of every plate-shaped carbon member in the second group is ranging from one hundredth of an average of a length of a long side of every plate-shaped carbon member in the first group to one half of the average of the length of a long side of every plate-shaped carbon member in the first group, and
at least one of the plurality of carbon particles and at least one plate-shaped carbon member in the second group of plate-shaped carbon members are in direct contact with each other so that the at least one plate-shaped carbon member in the second group of plate-shaped carbon members and the at least one of the plurality of carbon particles constitute an electron transport path physically connecting between the electrolyte film and the gas diffusion layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,760

ELECTRODE FOR REDOX FLOW BATTERIES, REDOX FLOW BATTERY CELL, AND REDOX FLOW BATTERY

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. An electrode for redox flow batteries, the electrode being formed of a carbon fiber aggregate including a plurality of carbon fibers,each of the carbon fibers having a plurality of pleats formed in the surface thereof,
the ratio of L1 to L2, that is, L1/L2, being more than 1, where L1 is the peripheral length of a cross section of the carbon fibers and L2 is the peripheral length of a virtual rectangle circumscribing the cross section of the carbon fibers.

US Pat. No. 10,714,759

CURRENT COLLECTOR-CATALYST MONOLITHIC THREE-DIMENSIONAL NANOFIBER NETWORK FOR LI-AIR BATTERIES AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A current collector-catalyst monolithic porous nanofiber network electrode comprising:a porous nanofiber network having a fabric-like structure formed by a plurality of coated nanofibers and a void space formed between the plurality of coated nanofibers, the plurality of coated nanofibers being randomly distributed throughout the fabric-like structure,
wherein each of the coated nanofibers has a core-shell structure including a nanofiber as a center layer core and a single conductive catalyst layer coated as a uniform continuous thin film layer on a surface of the nanofiber as a shell, and
wherein the single catalyst layer is made of TiN,
wherein the single catalyst layer coated as a uniform continuous thin film layer has a thickness ranging from 1 to 35 nm
a pore corresponding to the void space included in the porous nanofiber network has a diameter in a range of 10 nm to 200 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,714,758

SPINODAL-BASED CO-CONTINUOUS COMPOSITES FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE BATTERY ELECTRODES

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method for creating a composite electrode, the method comprising:forming a polymer template, wherein the polymer template is a bicontinuous interfacially jammed emulsion gel and wherein forming includes controlling internal surface area per unit volume;
depositing a layer of metal material on a polymer template to form a metal coated structure, wherein the polymer template is a porous structure having a uniform pore structure with a defined internal surface area per unit volume;
removing polymer material from the metal coated structure to form a metal shell, wherein the metal shell includes a uniform pore structure within the metal shell with an internal surface area per unit volume based on the polymer template; and
depositing an active material on the metal shell to form a composite electrode, wherein thickness of the active material in the composite electrode is controlled to tune the electrochemical performance of the composite electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,714,757

CURRENT COLLECTOR, ELECTRODE PLATE INCLUDING THE SAME AND BATTERY

CONTEMPORARY AMPEREX TECH...

1. A current collector, comprisingan insulation layer;
at least one conductive layer located above at least one surface of the insulation layer, wherein the insulation layer is used to support the at least one conductive layer, the at least one conductive layer is used to support an electrode active material layer, and the at least one conductive layer each has a thickness of D2, wherein 300 nmD22 ?m; and
a first protective layer provided on a surface of each of the at least one conductive layer facing towards the insulation layer, wherein the first protective layer is made of a material selected from a group consisting of metal and metal oxide, or combinations thereof, the metal is at least one of nickel, chromium, nickel-based alloy, or copper-based alloy, and the metal oxide is at least one of aluminum oxide, cobalt oxide, chromium oxide, or nickel oxide; and
a second protective layer provided on a surface of the at least one conductive layer facing away from the insulation layer, wherein the second protective layer is made of a metallic material, which is selected from a group consisting of metal and metal oxide, or combinations thereof, the metal is at least one of nickel, chromium, nickel-based alloy, copper-based alloy, or combinations thereof, and the metal oxide is aluminum oxide or nickel oxide,
wherein the first protective layer has a thickness of D3, the second protective layer has a thickness of D3?, the thickness D3? of the second protective layer is larger than the thickness D3 of the first protective layer; and ½ D3?D3? D3?.

US Pat. No. 10,714,756

METAL DEPOSITION METHODS FOR FORMING BIMETALLIC STRUCTURES, BATTERIES INCORPORATING BIPOLAR CURRENT COLLECTORS MADE THEREFROM, AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of forming a bimetallic current collector, the method comprising:depositing an electrically conductive metal on a surface comprising aluminum to form a continuous metal coating by an electroless displacement deposition process, wherein the electroless displacement deposition is carried out in a medium comprising a chelate, the surface comprising aluminum is pretreated by reacting the surface with a zincate, and the electrically conductive metal is selected from the group consisting of: copper, nickel, and combinations thereof, so as to form the bimetallic current collector having an average thickness of less than or equal to about 25 micrometers.

US Pat. No. 10,714,755

COATING LIQUID FOR CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME, AND METHOD FOR COATING CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, Bei...

1. A cathode active material coating liquid comprising a solvent and a coating precursor soluble in the solvent, wherein the coating precursor comprises a complex of formula (1-2):
R2OH is an alcoholic solvent molecule; a is 1 to 4, b is 0 to 3, and a+b=4, X1O— is an —OH group or a carbon-oxygen group.

US Pat. No. 10,714,754

SURFACE-TREATED GRAPHENE, SURFACE-TREATED GRAPHENE/ORGANIC SOLVENT DISPERSION LIQUID, SURFACE-TREATED GRAPHENE/ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL COMPOSITE PARTICLES AND ELECTRODE PASTE

Toray Industries, Inc., ...

1. A surface-treated graphene, comprising a graphene and a compound represented by the following general formula (1) or a neutralized salt thereof attached to the graphene,wherein the surface-treated graphene has an element ratio of oxygen to carbon (O/C ratio) of 0.05 or more and 0.40 or less as measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and
wherein the surface-treated graphene has a specific surface area as measured by a BET measurement method of 80 m2/g or more and 250 m2/g or less:
whereinA represents a phenolic hydroxy group-free benzene-based aromatic group having a condensation number of 1 to 4,
R1 represents a direct bond, a divalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or a divalent organic group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms and having a structure selected from the group consisting of an ether bond, an ester bond, an alcohol structure, and a carbonyl structure,
R2 and R3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or an organic group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms and having a structure selected from the group consisting of an ether bond, an ester bond, an alcohol structure, and a carbonyl structure, and
n represents an integer of 1 to 6.

US Pat. No. 10,714,752

HIERARCHICAL OXYGEN CONTAINING CARBON ANODE FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES WITH HIGH CAPACITY AND FAST CHARGING CAPABILITY

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. An anode material for a lithium ion battery, comprising a carbon particle,wherein the carbon particle contains oxygen in the form of functional groups and a content of oxygen is hierarchically distributed in a surface region from the outermost surface of the carbon particle to 15 nm depth with 8.5 wt % to 13.0 wt % and in a remaining inner region with 6.0 wt % to 12.0 wt %, the oxygen content in the surface region is larger than the oxygen content in the inner region; and
wherein the carbon particle includes graphite phase with an interlayer space d002 larger than 0.3357 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,714,749

HIGH RATE LITHIUM COBALT OXIDE POSITIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

HUNAN SHANSHAN ENERGY TEC...

1. A high-rate lithium cobaltate cathode material for a liquid state lithium ion battery, the high-rate lithium cobaltate cathode material comprising lithium cobaltate with or without a doping element M and a fast ionic conductor Li?M??O?, wherein:an element M? in Li?M??O? is one or more of Ti, Zr, Y, V, Nb, Mo, Sn, In, La, or W, 1???4, 1???5, and 2???12,
the lithium cobaltate with or without the doping element M is represented by Li1+yCo1?xMxO2, the doping element M is one or more of Mg, Al, Si, Sc, Ni, Mn, Ga, or Ge, 0?x?0.1, and ?0.01?y?0.01,
the high-rate lithium cobaltate cathode material is represented by a chemical formula of Li1+yCo1?xMxO2•zLi?M??O?, and 0.005?z?0.01,
the high-rate lithium cobaltate cathode material comprises a multi-channel network formed by the fast ionic conductor Li?M??O?,
the lithium cobaltate with or without the doping element M, as primary particles, is melted integrally with the fast ionic conductor Li?M??O? so as to form secondary particles, and the lithium cobaltate with or without the doping element M is embedded in the multi-channel network formed by the fast ionic conductor Li?M??O?.

US Pat. No. 10,714,747

HIGH ENERGY LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY WITH IMPROVED LIFETIME AND ENERGY DENSITY

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A rechargeable lithium-ion cell, comprising:an anode material,
a cathode material, and
an electrolyte,
wherein the anode material comprises a composite consisting of nanoporous silicon encapsulated by carbon nanotubes, wherein an average particle diameter of the nanoporous silicon is in the range of about 10 to 20 nm,
wherein the cathode material comprises a concentration gradient nickel-based lithium metal oxide represented by the following formula,
LiaNixCoyMzO2,
wherein 0.9 wherein M is at least one selected from the group consisting of Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ti, Zr, Nb, Mo, W, Zn, Al, Si, Mn, Cr, Fe, Mg, Sr, V, and a rare earth element.

US Pat. No. 10,714,746

CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITION FOR ELECTRODE, ELECTRODE USING SAME, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

Denka Company Limited, C...

1. A conductive composition for electrode, comprising: carbon nanofiber with a median diameter D50 value by volume from 0.1 to 3 ?m; an active material; and a binder, wherein a content of the carbon nanofiber is from 0.1 to 1.5 mass % based on a sum total.

US Pat. No. 10,714,745

HIGH ENERGY, LONG CYCLE LIFE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC, C...

1. A negative electrode for a lithium-ion battery, the negative electrode comprising particles coated on a transition metal current collector; the particles consisting of nanocrystalline domains of silicon dispersed within a silicon oxide matrix; wherein the particles have an average diameter in the range of about 20 nm to about 10 ?m as determined by laser light scattering particle size analysis; the nanocrystalline domains of silicon comprise about 10 to about 90 mol % of the particles; the nanocrystalline domains have an average diameter of about 0.2 nm to about 50 nm, as determined by transmission electron microscopy; the silicon oxide matrix comprises silicon dioxide and silicon monoxide; and the nanocrystalline domains of silicon and the silicon dioxide are formed by heating particles of silicon monoxide at a temperature in the range of 600 to 800° C.

US Pat. No. 10,714,744

COMPOSITE CARBON MATERIALS COMPRISING LITHIUM ALLOYING ELECTROCHEMICAL MODIFIERS

Group14 Technologies, Inc...

1. A method for preparing a silicon-carbon composite, the method comprising contacting an amorphous activated porous carbon material having a total pore volume ranging from 0.6 cc/g to 1.0 cc/g with a gas comprising silane at a temperature between 400° C. and 500° C., thereby depositing elemental silicon in a pore of the amorphous activated porous carbon material to form the silicon-carbon composite.

US Pat. No. 10,714,743

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE INCLUDING POLYMER ELECTROLYTE AND ELECTRODE OBTAINED THEREBY

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An electrode for a solid state battery, comprising:a plurality of electrode active material particles;
a first polymer electrolyte;
a second polymer electrolyte; and
a conductive material,
wherein the electrode active material particles are at least partially surface-coated with a first coating layer comprising a mixture of the first polymer electrolyte and the conductive material,
the second polymer electrolyte at least partially covers the surface of the first coating layer, the surface of the particles or both the surface of the first coating layer and the surface of the electrode active material particles, and
the electrode active material particles are bound to each other by at least one of the first polymer electrolyte and the second polymer electrolyte to form an integrated structure.

US Pat. No. 10,714,741

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A silicon-carbon-based composite negative electrode active material comprising:a carbon-based core capable of intercalating and deintercalating lithium ions; and
at least one silicon particle included in the carbon-based core and disposed in a form of being distributed in an outer portion of the carbon-based core,
wherein the carbon-based core comprises a carbon material selected from the group consisting of natural graphite, artificial graphite, graphite, graphitizable carbon, non-graphitizable carbon, carbon black, and graphite oxide, or a mixture of two or more thereof, and
wherein the outer portion of the carbon-based core is a portion having a length of 10% to 50% of a total length from the center of the carbon-based core to a surface of the carbon-based core in a depth direction from the surface,
wherein the outer portion comprises at least some of the carbon material and the silicon particle(s),
wherein the carbon-based core has a concentration gradient in which porosity is gradually increased from a center at the core to the outer portion of the core.

US Pat. No. 10,714,740

CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME

ECOPRO BM CO., LTD., Che...

1. A positive electrode active material for lithium secondary battery comprising:secondary particles formed by aggregation of primary particles,
wherein a lithium ion diffusion path formed in an interior of the primary particles, measured by transmission electron microcopy, is formed in a center direction of the secondary particles, and
wherein the secondary particles comprise:
a core layer having a constant transition metal concentration;
a concentration gradient layer that is formed on a periphery of the core layer and has a concentration gradient due to a continuous change in concentration of one or more transition metals; and
a shell layer that is formed on a periphery of the concentration gradient layer and has a constant transition metal concentration,
wherein an aspect ratio of the primary particles is 1 or more and the lithium ion diffusion path in the primary particles is formed in a longitudinal direction of the primary particles,
wherein the primary particles are formed to exhibit directivity in the center direction of the entire primary particles, a lithium ion diffusion path in the primary particles is formed in a center direction of the entire secondary particles, and thus a lithium ion diffusion path from a surface to a center of the secondary particles has a one-dimensional or two-dimensional tunnel structure,
wherein the core layer of the secondary particles is represented by the following Formula (1); and
wherein the shell layer of the secondary particles is represented by the following Formula (2); and
Lix1Ni1-a1-b1-c1Coa1Mnb1Mec1O2y-1Xy1  
(in Formula 1, 0.95?x1?1.15, 0?a1?0.20, 0?b1?0.20, 0?c1?0.1, 0?y1?0.1, Me is at least one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Al, Mg, B, P, Ti, Si, Zr, Ba and any combination thereof, and X is at least one or more elements or molecules selected from the group consisting of anions of F, BO3, and PO4) and
Lix2Ni1-a2-b2-c2Coa2Mnb2Mec2O2-y2Xy2  
(in Formula 2, 0.95?x2?1.15, 0?a2?0.50, 0?b2?0.60, 0?c2?0.2, 0?y2?0.1, Me is at least one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Al, Mg, B, P, Ti, Si, Zr, Ba and any combination thereof, and X is at least one or more elements or molecules selected from the group consisting of anions of F, BO3, and PO4),
wherein in Formula 1, b1=0, and wherein in Formulas 1 and 2, the difference between the Ni content in the core layer and the Ni content in the shell layer of the secondary particles is 0.3 or more, and
wherein a thickness of the shell layer is from 0.05 to 2.0 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,714,739

LEAD STORAGE BATTERY

GS Yuasa International Lt...

1. A lead-acid battery comprising:a battery container;
an electrolyte accommodated inside the battery container;
an electrode plate group that is accommodated inside the battery container and is immersed in the electrolyte; and
a battery container cover that hermetically seals an opening of the battery container, wherein
the electrode plate group includes a positive electrode plate including a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode plate including a negative electrode active material, and a separator interposed between the positive electrode plate and the negative electrode plate,
the battery container cover is provided with a liquid port, a liquid port plug that closes the liquid port, and a sleeve that hangs down from the liquid port to a prescribed liquid surface height of the electrolyte,
a sodium ion concentration contained in the electrolyte is 1 mmol/L to 90 mmol/L, and
a specific surface area of the positive electrode active material is 5 m2/g to 9 m2/g.

US Pat. No. 10,714,738

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SELENIUM PRELOADED MESOPOROUS CARBON CATHODE FOR ALKALI METAL-SELENIUM SECONDARY BATTERY

Global Graphene Group, In...

1. An electrochemical method of producing a pre-selenized active cathode layer for a rechargeable alkali metal-selenium cell, said method comprising:(a) preparing an integral layer of a mesoporous structure of a carbon, graphite, metal, or conductive polymer, wherein said mesoporous structure has mesoscaled pores of 0.5-50 nm and a specific surface area greater than 100 m2/g and wherein said carbon, graphite, metal, or conductive polymer is selected from chemically etched or expanded soft carbon, chemically etched or expanded hard carbon, exfoliated activated carbon, chemically etched or expanded carbon black, chemically etched multi-walled carbon nanotube, nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube, boron-doped carbon nanotube, chemically doped carbon nanotube, ion-implanted carbon nanotube, chemically treated multi-walled carbon nanotube with an inter-planar separation no less than 0.5 nm, chemically expanded carbon nanofiber, chemically activated carbon nanotube, chemically treated carbon fiber, chemically activated graphite fiber, chemically activated carbonized polymer fiber, chemically treated coke, activated mesophase carbon, mesoporous carbon, electrospun conductive nanofiber, highly separated vapor-grown carbon or graphite nanofiber, highly separated carbon nanotube, carbon nanowire, metal nanowire, metal-coated nanowire or nanofiber, conductive polymer-coated nanowire or nanofiber, or a combination thereof;
(b) preparing an electrolyte comprising a non-aqueous solvent and a selenium source dissolved or dispersed in said solvent;
(c) preparing an anode; and
(d) bringing said integral layer of mesoporous structure and said anode in ionic contact with said electrolyte and imposing an electric current between said anode and said integral layer of mesoporous structure, serving as a cathode, with a sufficient current density for a sufficient period of time to electrochemically deposit nanoscaled selenium particles or coating directly on said graphene surfaces to form said pre-selenized active cathode layer, wherein said particles or coating have a thickness or diameter smaller than 20 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,714,737

ANODE LAYER AND ALL SOLID LITHIUM BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An all solid lithium battery comprising a battery element including an anode layer, a cathode layer, and a solid electrolyte layer formed between the anode layer and the cathode layer,the anode layer comprising:
a metal particle capable of being alloyed with Li, as an active material;
wherein the metal particle is a twin crystal particle having two kinds or more of crystal orientation in one particle.

US Pat. No. 10,714,736

BATTERY PACK SYSTEM WITH INTEGRATED BATTERY DISCONNECT MECHANISM

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A battery pack system comprising:a housing;
a circuit board disposed within the housing;
multiple battery packs electrically connected to, and suspended from, the circuit board within the housing, a selected battery pack of the multiple battery packs being suspended within the housing above an empty region in the housing, and the selected battery pack being suspended from the circuit board by one or more connectors; and
a disconnect mechanism located between the battery pack and the circuit board, and configured to disconnect the selected battery pack with a failure event at the selected battery pack by, at least in part, disconnecting the one or more connectors, the disconnecting of the one or more connectors by the disconnect mechanism with the failure event releasing the selected battery pack to physically drop away from the circuit board to the empty region within the housing a safe distance away from other battery packs of the multiple battery packs in the battery pack system.

US Pat. No. 10,714,734

CAP FOR BATTERY TERMINAL

CPS Technology Holdings, ...

1. A battery having a battery housing and a positive and negative terminal, the positive and negative terminal being accessible through the battery housing; wherein the positive and negative terminal further comprise an electrically conductive cap mounted on both the positive and negative terminal, wherein the electrically conductive cap does not comprise lead.

US Pat. No. 10,714,731

CONNECTION MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A flat-shaped connection module that is to be attached to a power storage element group formed by aligning a plurality of power storage elements with positive and negative electrode terminals, the connection module comprising:the plurality of bus bars that connect the positive and negative electrode terminals of adjacent power storage elements of the plurality of power storage elements; and
a sheet member that holds the plurality of bus bars arranged in an alignment direction of the plurality of power storage elements, wherein
the connection module further comprises:
a first bus bar module that is attached to upper surfaces of the plurality of power storage elements at one end perpendicular to the alignment direction;
a second bus bar module that includes the plurality of bus bars and the sheet member and is attached to the upper surfaces of the plurality of power storage elements at another end opposed to the one end; and
an insulating fixing member that is coupled to the sheet member of the first bus bar module and the second bus bar module to integrate and fix the first bus bar module and the second bus bar module, and
the fixing member including a bus bar fixing portion that fixes and holds an external connection electrode bus bar to be connected to an external connection electrode of the power storage element group.

US Pat. No. 10,714,730

WELDING PROCESS FOR A BATTERY MODULE

CPS Technology Holdings, ...

1. A method for laser welding a bus bar to a terminal of an electrochemical cell, comprising:disposing the bus bar over the terminal such that a first surface of the bus bar is adjacent to a second surface of the terminal, wherein the bus bar comprises a body including a first alloy of a metal and the terminal comprises a second alloy of the metal, wherein the bus bar comprises nickel plating on at least a portion of a perimeter of the body, and wherein a thickness of the nickel plating is between 0.2% and 20% of an overall thickness of the body;
directing a predetermined amount of point specific energy from a power source toward an indentation disposed in the body of the bus bar to form a weld spot, wherein the indentation has a depth between 10% and 90% of the overall thickness of the body and an area of the indentation is between 5% and 20% of an overall area of the body of the bus bar;
directing a stream of nitrogen gas toward the weld spot; and
melting at least a portion of the first surface of the bus bar at the weld spot to form a weld such that the terminal and the bus bar are coupled to one another; and
wherein the nickel plating enables the weld to be stronger than a direct weld between the first alloy of the metal and the second alloy of the metal.

US Pat. No. 10,714,728

LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A lithium-sulfur battery comprising:a cathode, an anode, a lithium-sulfur battery separator, and an electrolyte; the electrolyte is located between the cathode and the anode; the lithium-sulfur battery separator is located between the cathode and the anode and in the electrolyte, wherein the lithium-sulfur battery separator comprising:
a pristine separator (PSL); and
a functional layer (FL) located on a surface of the PSL, wherein the FL comprises a plurality of graphene sheets and a plurality of MoP2 nanoparticles uniformly mixed with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,714,727

LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A lithium-sulfur battery comprising:a cathode, an anode, a lithium-sulfur battery separator, and an electrolyte; the electrolyte is located between the cathode and the anode; the lithium-sulfur battery separator is located between the cathode and the anode and in the electrolyte, wherein the lithium-sulfur battery separator comprising:
a pristine separator (PSL); and
a functional layer (FL) located on a surface of the PSL, wherein the FL comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes and a plurality of MoP2 nanoparticles uniformly mixed with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,714,726

LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY SEPARATOR

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A lithium-sulfur battery separator comprising:a pristine separator (PSL); and
a functional layer (FL) located on a surface of the PSL, wherein the FL comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes and a plurality of MoP2 nanoparticles uniformly mixed with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,714,725

SEPARATOR FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A separator for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, comprising:a porous substrate;
a first coat layer formed on a pair of main surfaces and on an inner surface of the porous substrate; and
a second coat layer formed on the first coat layer, at least on one main surface of the porous substrate,
wherein the first coat layer has higher hydrophilicity than the porous substrate,
the second coat layer has higher hydrophobicity than the porous substrate, and
the hydrophilicity of an inner surface of the separator for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery is higher than the hydrophilicity of the second coat layer, in a central region of the separator for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery in the thickness direction thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,714,724

MEMBRANES FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS

California Institute of T...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:a positive electrode comprising a positive electrode active material and a first current collector in electronic communication with the positive electrode active material, the first current collection further comprising a first external connection tab;
a negative electrode comprising a negative electrode active material and a second current collector in electronic communication with the negative electrode active material, the second current collector further comprising a second external connection tab;
a composite membrane disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; the composite membrane being ionically conductive and comprising:
an active layer; wherein said active layer comprises an ionically conductive solid-state material;
a first ionically conductive separator positioned between the positive electrode and the ionically conductive solid-state material; and
a second ionically conductive separator positioned between the negative electrode and the ionically conductive solid-state material;
wherein the composite membrane further comprises a third external connection tab in electronic communication with the ionically conductive solid-state material; and
one or more electrolytes positioned between said positive electrode and said negative electrode; said one or more electrolytes capable of conducting ionic charge carriers; said one or more electrolytes including at least one liquid electrolyte disposed between the composite membrane and the positive electrode, the negative electrode or both the positive and negative electrodes;
wherein said ionically conductive solid-state material is in electronic communication with said third external connection configured to electronically activate said ionically conductive solid-state material so as to provide for an increase in the ionic conductivity of said ionically conductive solid-state material in response to application of a voltage or current between said ionically conductive solid-state material and one of said positive electrode and said negative electrode using said third external connection.

US Pat. No. 10,714,721

SECONDARY BATTERY

Contemporary Amperex Tech...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:a housing, the housing being provided with an explosion proof valve at a bottom thereof;
a cell pallet received in the housing and located at a bottom of the housing, wherein the cell pallet is provided with a first through-hole, a second through-hole, and at least one groove, the first through-hole is aligned with the explosion proof valve and extends through the cell pallet to communicate a space above the cell pallet with a space below the cell pallet, the second through-hole is not aligned with the explosion proof valve and extends through the cell pallet to communicate the space above the cell pallet with the space below the cell pallet, and the at least one groove is provided on an upper surface or a lower surface of the cell pallet and extends along the upper surface or the lower surface, respectively, to connect the first through-hole with the second through-hole and further with at least one side edge of the cell pallet;
a bare cell received in the housing and seated on the cell pallet; and
a top cover assembled to a top side of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,714,720

VENT HOUSING FOR ADVANCED BATTERIES

CPS Technology Holdings, ...

1. A system, comprising:a lower housing sized to hold a plurality of lithium-ion electrochemical cells and having a first connection surface; and
a vent housing configured to couple with the lower housing, comprising:
a main body having a second connection surface that abuts with the first connection surface;
an opening in a face of the main body, the face being oriented generally crosswise relative to the second connection surface; and
an internal chamber coupled to the opening and comprising an internal burst vent and a ventilation vent, wherein the ventilation vent comprises a gas-selective permeability layer, wherein the internal burst vent is disposed on a first wall of the internal chamber, and the ventilation vent is disposed on a second wall of the internal chamber, the first and second wall being coupled to one another and being oriented crosswise to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,714,719

HOUSING OF VEHICLE LITHIUM BATTERY-MODULES

IVECO S.p.A., Turin (IT)...

1. A housing (1) having vehicle battery-modules (M), each vehicle battery-module (M) having a parallelepipedal shape with at least an evacuation through opening (M1) for hot gases, the housing having a parallelepipedal shape having an upper surface (1S), a lower surface (1I) and perimetral surfaces (1F, 1L, 1P) and having a plurality of horizontal plates (PO) arranged inside the housing (1), parallel to each other, alternated in direct physical contact with and between two layers of at least three layers (S1, S2, S3) of the battery-modules (M), wherein each one of said horizontal plates (PO) is joined to said perimetral surfaces (1F, 1L, 1P) to convey the heat towards the external environment, wherein each battery-module (M) is arranged so that said evacuation through openings (M1) of the at least three layers (S1, S2, S3) of the battery-modules (M) are vertically aligned with each other, wherein each one of said horizontal plates (PO) comprises corresponding through openings (2) equipped with appropriate gaskets on both the opposite faces of the horizontal plates (PO) in order to define continuous and gastight vertical evacuation channels defined by cooperation and vertical alignment of the evacuation through openings (M1) of the at least three layers (S1, S2, S3) of the battery-modules (M) and the corresponding through openings (2) of the horizontal plates (PO), and wherein the continuous and gastight vertical evacuation channels are the only evacuation channels present in the housing (1) from the lower surface (1I) through the at least three layers (S1, S2, S3) of battery-modules (M) and intervening horizontal plates (PO).

US Pat. No. 10,714,718

BATTERY PACK

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. A battery pack comprising:a plurality of battery cells; and
a battery pack case that accommodates the plurality of battery cells, the battery pack case accommodating a plurality of battery modules, wherein each battery module is comprised of a grouping of battery cells that are disposed in parallel, wherein the battery pack case includes:
a case body including an opening,
a lid fixed to the case body, wherein the lid closes the opening, and
an elongated, resilient elastic seal held between the lid and an end surface of the case body surrounding the opening, wherein the seal is bent in conformance with the shape of the opening, wherein the seal includes:
an inner overlapping portion,
an outer overlapping portion overlapped with the inner overlapping portion defining a seal overlap region, wherein the outer overlapping portion is located toward the outer side from the inner overlapping portion, and
an inner bent portion that produces resilient force acting on the inner overlapping portion so that the inner overlapping portion is pushed against the outer overlapping portion,
wherein:
the inner bent portion is bent in conformance with a corner of the case body,
the outer overlapping portion includes a distal end formed in a straight shape,
the outer overlapping portion is configured to adhere to the inner bent portion, and
an inner side surface of the outer overlapping portion is configured to adhere to and directly contact an outer side surface of the inner overlapping portion throughout the seal overlap region.

US Pat. No. 10,714,716

SEALING APPARATUS FOR SECONDARY BATTERY

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A sealing apparatus in combination with a secondary battery, which seals a sealing part of a case in which an electrode assembly and an electrolyte are accommodated, the sealing apparatus comprising:a sealing member comprising a first sealing piece and a second sealing piece, which thermally fuse a surface of the sealing part to seal the sealing part,
wherein the first sealing piece and the second sealing piece comprise a plurality of thermal fusion parts, which are disposed from an outer end of a surface of the sealing part toward an inner end that is opposite to the outer end to thermally fuse the surface of the sealing part, and non-thermal fusion parts, which are disposed between the plurality of thermal fusion parts and do not seal the surface of the sealing part,
wherein the thermal fusion part disposed on the inner end of the sealing part has an upward inclined surface that is inclined toward the inner end of the sealing part, and the upward inclined surface gradually decreases pressing force toward the inner end of the sealing part to deform a width of the inner end of the sealing part so that the width gradually increases to prevent a sealing layer disposed on the inner end of the sealing part from leaking to outside,
wherein the thermal fusion part disposed on the outer end of the sealing part has a downward inclined surface that is inclined toward the outer end of the sealing part, and the downward inclined surface gradually increases pressing force toward the outer end of the sealing part to deform a shape of the outer end of the sealing part into a sharp shape, and
wherein the sealing part has a flat, non-projected surface adjacent to the non-thermal fusion parts.

US Pat. No. 10,714,715

ELECTRIC STORAGE DEVICE

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An electric storage device, comprising:an electrode assembly;
a case that includes a defining wall and houses the electrode assembly;
a sealing member that is arranged on the defining wall;
a conductive member that is electrically connected to the electrode assembly, the conductive member being supported by the sealing member, the conductive member including a body arranged on the sealing member, a first crimping part projecting downward from a lower surface of the body of the conductive member, and a second crimping part projecting upward from an upper surface of the body of the conduct member; and
a connecting plate interposed between the body of the conductive member and the second crimping part in a direction perpendicular to the defining wall,
wherein the sealing member includes:
an outer wall part which supports the conductive member; and
a projection portion which extends, from a bottom surface of the sealing member, below the outer wall part,
wherein the defining wall includes:
a recess which receives the bottom surface of the sealing member; and
a through-hole which is formed in the recess and through which the projection portion of the sealing member is inserted,
wherein at least a portion of the recess where the sealing member is arranged comprises an aluminum-based metallic material,
wherein the sealing member includes a material that is softer than the material for the at least a portion of the defining wall where the sealing member is arranged,
wherein the sealing member comprises polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) resin and an elastomer,
wherein the elastomer is contained in an amount of 2% to 20% by weight,
wherein the conductive member is crimped in such a manner that the sealing member is pressed against the defining wall,
wherein the first crimping part includes a hollow portion, a top surface of the hollow portion extending below a bottom surface of the defining wall,
wherein the body of the conductive member is thicker than the recess, and
wherein, when viewed in the direction perpendicular to the defining wall, an outer diameter of the body of the conductive member is larger than an inner diameter of the through-hole.

US Pat. No. 10,714,714

ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORE, SPECIFICALLY A BATTERY CELL, WITH SPATIALLY-OPTIMIZED ELECTRODE INTERCONNECTION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An electrical energy store (1), comprising:flat electrodes (3);
flags (7) projecting laterally from the electrodes (3);
external terminals (9);
wherein a plurality of electrode regions are respectively stacked, one on top of another, to form an electrode stack (14);
wherein a plurality of the flags (7) are arranged one on top of another in a flag stack (15), and are respectively materially bonded, both mutually and with a surface (11) of an associated external terminal (9); and
wherein at least one flag (7) of the plurality of flags (7) in the flag stack (15), which is bonded to the associated external terminal (9), is materially bonded to a respectively adjoining flag (7) in a region in which the at least one flag (7) is oriented in an inclined direction at an angle (a) to the surface (11) of the associated external terminal (9), wherein the angle of the at least one flag is greater than 0.5 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,714,713

CLAMPING DEVICE FOR BATTERY CELLS AS WELL AS BATTERY MODULE, BATTERY, BATTERY SYSTEM, VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A BATTERY MODULE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery module comprising:a housing having opposed walls;
at least two battery cells arranged between the opposed walls of the housing; and
a clamping device (300) for compressing the plurality of battery cells (100), the entirety of the clamping device being positioned between the opposed walls of the housing; and the clamping device and the at least two battery cells arranged in a row between the opposed walls such that each of the at least two battery cells is compressed between the clamping device and one of the opposed walls, wherein the clamping device comprises a closed receptacle that comprises a space (310) with a variable volume containing a fluid such that the receptacle compresses the battery cells, and wherein the clamping device comprises a carrier element having an internal cavity that has a constant volume, that has an opening on one side and that forms a first part of the space with the variable volume, and wherein a flexible membrane covers the opening and is bowed away from the opening when the clamping device is in an uncompressed state so that the flexible membrane defines an internal space that forms a second part of the space with the variable volume.

US Pat. No. 10,714,712

BATTERY PACK

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery pack comprising:a can having a curvature along a horizontal direction thereof and an opening at a side of the can in a height direction thereof;
an electrode assembly accommodated in the can;
a cap assembly comprising a cap plate and an electrode pin in a center of the cap plate, the cap plate being configured to seal the opening of the can;
a first insulating unit between the electrode assembly and the cap assembly;
a second insulating unit between the electrode assembly and the cap assembly, the first and second insulating units being separated from each other and movable independently of each other, the first and second insulating units each being planar members with two straight first sides and two second sides extending between the straight first sides, the straight first sides being longer than the second sides and being straight along the curvature direction of the can; and
first and second supporting units respectively protruding from the first and second insulating units toward the cap plate,
wherein the first insulating unit has a first lead through-hole, and the second insulating unit has a second lead through-hole, and
wherein an angle between the first and second insulating units is in accordance with the curvature of the can.

US Pat. No. 10,714,710

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting display apparatus comprising:a substrate comprising a black pigment;
a pixel electrode above the substrate;
a pixel defining layer above the pixel electrode and having an opening for exposing at least a portion of the pixel electrode;
an intermediate layer above the pixel electrode and comprising an emission layer (EML);
an opposite electrode above the intermediate layer;
a black matrix arranged above the opposite electrode, the black matrix having an opening that exposes at least a portion of an emission area;
a capping layer above the opposite electrode;
a cover layer above the capping layer; and
a thin-film encapsulation layer above the cover layer,
wherein a weight percentage of the black pigment with respect to the substrate is between about 1% and about 15%.

US Pat. No. 10,714,709

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING CONVEX CURVE OR CONCAVE CURVE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light-emitting diode, comprising:a first electrode;
an organic emissive layer on the first electrode and including at least one of a plurality of convex curves, wherein a thickness of an inclined plane of an upper region of the organic emissive layer with respect to a horizontal line dividing a height of the plurality of convex curves into halves is less than a thickness of an inclined plane of a lower region of the organic emissive layer; and
a second electrode on the organic emissive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,707

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY APPARATUS AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A light-emitting display apparatus, comprising:a substrate having a hole;
a plurality of light-emitting elements on the substrate, the plurality of light-emitting elements each comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and an intermediate layer between the first electrode and the second electrode;
a thin film encapsulation layer on the plurality of light-emitting elements, the thin film encapsulation layer comprising at least one organic encapsulation layer and at least one inorganic encapsulation layer; and
at least one dam located in an inactive area between an active area, on which the plurality of light-emitting elements are disposed, and the hole,
wherein the intermediate layer comprises an emissive layer and a common layer, the common layer comprising portions respectively located in the active area and the inactive area, and the portions of the common layer are separated from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,714,706

DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display device comprising:a base substrate;
a display element formed on the base substrate and including a plurality of display layers arranged in a matrix shape; and
a sealing film formed on the display element,
wherein a plurality of subpixels are defined in association with the plurality of display layer,
in the sealing film,
a plurality of grooves are formed through the interstices among the plurality of subpixels, and
a foreign-matter contact portion configured to be in contact with a foreign matter existing on the display element is formed,
the sealing film further includes a first sealing layer formed on the display element,
in the sealing film, the foreign-matter contact portion and the first sealing layer wrap up the foreign matter, and
in the foreign-matter contact portion, a taper angle with respect to the base substrate is smaller than 90°.

US Pat. No. 10,714,705

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate overlapping the first substrate;
a light emitting structure positioned between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a seal member positioned between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a seal structure spaced from the seal member, wherein a first section of the seal member is positioned between the light emitting structure and the seal structure;
a first pad electrode, wherein the seal structure is positioned between the seal member and the first pad electrode; and
a first connection wire electrically connecting the seal structure and the first pad electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,714,704

FOLDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A foldable display device comprising:a first flexible substrate;
a touch unit disposed under the first flexible substrate;
a second flexible substrate facing the first flexible substrate;
a light-emitting element unit disposed on the second flexible substrate; and
an adhesive layer configured to attach the first flexible substrate and the second flexible substrate together,
wherein the touch unit comprises a first touch wiring layer disposed under the first flexible substrate, a first insulating layer configured to cover the first touch wiring layer and the first flexible substrate, a second touch wiring layer disposed under the first insulating layer, and a second insulating layer configured to cover the second touch wiring layer and the first insulating layer, and
wherein the second insulating layer comprises an opening via which a part of an edge of the first insulating layer is exposed to the adhesive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,703

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting diode (OLED) display comprising:a substrate comprising a plurality of organic light emitting elements;
an adhesive member on a first surface of the substrate;
a flexible circuit board having a first end coupled to a second surface of the substrate; and
a light blocking member on the first surface of the substrate,
wherein the light blocking member is laterally offset from the adhesive member, and
wherein a shortest distance between the light blocking member and the first end of the flexible circuit board is greater than a shortest distance between the light blocking member and the adhesive member along a plane direction of the first surface of the substrate in a cross sectional view.

US Pat. No. 10,714,702

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE HAVING CONNECTING LAYER INCLUDING MATERIAL CORRESPONDING TO CARRIERS IN CARRIER TRANSPORT LAYER

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An organic light emitting diode (OLED), comprising a first portion and a second portion which are manufactured by different processes and sequentially stacked, whereinthe first portion comprises a first carrier transport layer, a first light emitting layer, and a connecting layer between the first light emitting layer and the second portion, which are sequentially stacked, wherein
the second portion comprises a second carrier transport layer,
the first light emitting layer comprises an N-type base material and a P-type base material, and
the connecting layer comprises a material corresponding to carriers in the first carrier transport layer,
wherein a thickness of the connecting layer ranges from 2 nm to 3 nm, so as to avoid a phenomenon of unexpected emission of light, and
the first portion is formed by vacuum evaporation method, the second portion is formed by solution method, and an interface between the first portion and the second portion is located between the connecting layer and the second carrier transport layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,701

LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A light emitting display device, comprising:a first electrode and a second electrode on a substrate;
a first LED on the first electrode and the second electrode;
a third electrode directly contacting the first LED and the first electrode;
a fourth electrode directly contacting the first LED and the second electrode; and
a second LED located at a different height from a surface of the substrate than the first LED.

US Pat. No. 10,714,700

LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, DISPLAY DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND LIGHTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light-emitting element comprising:a pair of electrodes;
a first electroluminescence layer and a second electroluminescence layer between the pair of electrodes; and
a charge generation layer between the first electroluminescence layer and the second electroluminescence layer,
wherein the first electroluminescence layer comprises a light-emitting layer,
wherein the light-emitting layer comprises a first material and a second material,
wherein the second material is capable of emitting fluorescence,
wherein a difference between a singlet excitation energy level and a triplet excitation energy level of the first material is more than 0 eV and less than or equal to 0.2 eV, and
wherein the triplet excitation energy level of the first material is higher than a triplet excitation energy level of the second material.

US Pat. No. 10,714,698

FREE-FORM DISPLAY

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A free-form display comprising:a flexible substrate;
a plurality of unit pixel substrates arranged in a matrix on the flexible substrate;
a flexible medium that fills gaps between the unit pixel substrates;
a passivation layer on the plurality of unit pixel substrates;
an ultraviolet absorbing resin layer on the passivation layer;
an inorganic passivation layer on the ultraviolet absorbing resin layer;
a water-repellent layer on the inorganic passivation layer, and over the plurality of unit pixel substrates and an entire top surface of the flexible medium; and
an antifouling film on the water-repellent layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,697

PEROVSKITE NANOCRYSTAL DEPOSITS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for making a nanostructure, comprising:mixing a perovskite precursor in a solvent, wherein the perovskite precursor has a concentration ranging from about 0.5M to about 1.5M;
coating a substrate in the perovskite precursor; and
annealing the perovskite precursor onto the substrate, thereby forming the nanostructure including the substrate with perovskite nanocrystal deposits.

US Pat. No. 10,714,696

ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An organometallic compound represented by Formula 1:M(L1)n1(L2)n2  Formula 1

M in Formula 1 is selected from Ir, Pt, Os, Ti, Zr, Hf, Eu, Tb, Tm, and Rh,
L1 in Formula 1 is selected from a ligand represented by 2A-1 to 2A-5, 2A-11 to 2A-14, 2A-21 to 2A-25, 2A-31 to 2A-34, 2A-41 to 2A-45, 2A-51 to 2A-54, 2A-61 to 2A-65, 2A-71 to 2A-74, 2A-81 to 2A-85, 2A-91 to 2A-94, 2A-101 to 2A-105, 2A-111 to 2A-114, 2B-1 to 2B-3, 2B-11 to 2B-13, 2B-21 to 2B-23, 2B-31 to 2B-33, 2B-41 to 2B-43, 2B-51 to 2B-53, 2B-61 to 2B-63, 2B-71 to 2B-73, 2B-81 to 2B-83, and 2B-91 to 2B-93,
L2 in Formula 1 is selected from ligands represented by Formula 2C,
each of * and *1 in Formulae 2A-1 to 2A-5, 2A-11 to 2A-14, 2A-21 to 2A-25, 2A-31 to 2A-34, 2A-41 to 2A-45, 2A-51 to 2A-54, 2A-61 to 2A-65, 2A-71 to 2A-74, 2A-81 to 2A-85, 2A-91 to 2A-94, 2A-101 to 2A-105, 2A-111 to 2A-114, 2B-1 to 2B-3, 2B-11 to 2B-13, 2B-21 to 2B-23, 2B-31 to 2B-33, 2B-41 to 2B-43, 2B-51 to 2B-53, 2B-61 to 2B-63, 2B-71 to 2B-73, 2B-81 to 2B-83, 2B-91 to 2B-93, and 2C is a binding site to M in Formula 1,
n1 in Formula 1 is 1, 2, or 3, provided that when n1 is 2 or greater, two or more groups L1 are the same or different,
n2 in Formula 1 is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4, provided that when n2 is 2 or greater, two or more groups L2 are the same or different,
in Formulae 2A-1 to 2A-5, 2A-11 to 2A-14, 2A-21 to 2A-25, 2A-31 to 2A-34, 2A-41 to 2A-45, 2A-51 to 2A-54, 2A-61 to 2A-65, 2A-71 to 2A-74, 2A-81 to 2A-85, 2A-91 to 2A-94, 2A-101 to 2A-105, 2A-111 to 2A-114, 2B-1 to 2B-3, 2B-11 to 2B-13, 2B-21 to 2B-23, 2B-31 to 2B-33, 2B-41 to 2B-43, 2B-51 to 2B-53, 2B-61 to 2B-63, 2B-71 to 2B-73, 2B-81 to 2B-83, and 2B-91 to 2B-93, X1 is N or C(R1), X2 is N or C(R2), X3 is N or C(R3), X4 is N or C(R4), X5 is N or C(R5), X6 is N or C(R6), and X7 is N or C(R7),
in Formula 2B-1 to 2B-3, 2B-11 to 2B-13, 2B-21 to 2B-23, 2B-31 to 2B-33, 2B-41 to 2B-43, 2B-51 to 2B-53, 2B-61 to 2B-63, 2B-71 to 2B-73, 2B-81 to 2B-83, and 2B-91 to 2B-93, Ti is selected from a single bond, *—O—*?, *—S—*?, *—N(R31)—*?, *—C(R31)(R32)—*?, *—C(R31)?C(R32)—*?, and *—Si(R31)(R32)—*?, wherein R31 and R32 are optionally linked to each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5—C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C2—C30 heterocyclic group,
in Formulae 2A-1 to 2A-5, 2A-11 to 2A-14, 2A-21 to 2A-25, 2A-31 to 2A-34, 2A-41 to 2A-45, 2A-51 to 2A-54, 2A-61 to 2A-65, 2A-71 to 2A-74, 2A-81 to 2A-85, 2A-91 to 2A-94, 2A-101 to 2A-105, 2A-111 to 2A-114, 2B-1 to 2B-3, 2B-11 to 2B-13, 2B-21 to 2B-23, 2B-31 to 2B-33, 2B-41 to 2B-43, 2B-51 to 2B-53, 2B-61 to 2B-63, 2B-71 to 2B-73, 2B-81 to 2B-83, and 2B-91 to 2B-93, X11 is N or C(R11), X12 is N or C(R12), X13 is N or C(R13), X14 is N or C(R14), X15 is N or C(R15), X16 is N or C(R16), X21 is O, S, N(R21), or C(R21)(R22),
in Formulae 2A-11, 2A-31, 2A-51, 2A-71, 2A-91 and 2A-111, at least one of X11 to X14 is N, in Formulae 2A-12 to 2A-14, 2A-32 to 2A-34, 2A-52 to 2A-54, 2A-72 to 2A-74, 2A-92 to 2A-94 and 2A-112 to 2A-114, at least one of X11 to X16 is N,
in Formulae 2B-11, 2B-31, 2B-51, 2B-71 and 2B-91, at least one of X11 to X13 is N,
in Formulae 2B-12, 2B-13, 2B-32, 2B-33, 2B-52, 2B-53, 2B-72, 2B-73, 2B-92 and 2B-, at least one of X11 to X15 is N,
R1 to R9, R10 to R16, R21, R22, R31, and R32 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —SF5, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1—C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2—C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2—C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1—C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3—C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1—C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3—C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1—C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6—C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6—C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6—C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1—C6o heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q1)(O2), —Si(Q3)(O4)(Q5), —B(Q6)(Q7), —P(?O)(Q8)(Q9), and —Ge(Q51)(Q52)(Q53),
two or more of R1 to R3 are optionally linked to each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5—C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C2—C30 heterocyclic group,
two or more of R4 to R7 are optionally linked to each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5—C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C2—C30 heterocyclic group,
Y4 and Y5 in Formula 2C are each independently O, N, P, or As, and
at least one substituent of the substituted C5—C30 carbocyclic group, substituted C2—C30 heterocyclic group, substituted C1—C60 alkyl group, substituted C2—C60 alkenyl group, substituted C2—C60 alkynyl group, substituted C1—C60 alkoxy group, substituted C3—C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C1—C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3—C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C1—C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6—C60 aryl group, substituted C6—C60 aryloxy group, substituted C6—C60 arylthio group, substituted C1—C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from
a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CD3, —CD2H, —CDH2, —CF3, —CF2H, —CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1—C60 alkyl group, a C2—C60 alkenyl group, a C2—C60 alkynyl group, and a C1—C60 alkoxy group;
a C1—C60 alkyl group, a C2—C60 alkenyl group, a C2—C60 alkynyl group, and a C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CD3, —CD2H, —CDH2, —CF3, —CF2H, —CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3—C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3—C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6—C60 aryl group, a C6—C60 aryloxy group, a C6—C60 arylthio group, a C1—C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), —B(Q16)(Q17), and —P(?O)(Q18)(Q19);
a C3—C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3—C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6—C60 aryl group, a C6—C60 aryloxy group, a C6—C60 arylthio group, a C1—C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a C3—C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3—C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6—C60 aryl group, a C6—C60 aryloxy group, a C6—C60 arylthio group, a C1—C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Br, —I, —CD3, —CD2H, —CDH2, —CF3, —CF2H, —CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1—C60 alkyl group, a C2—C60 alkenyl group, a C2—C60 alkynyl group, a C1—C60 alkoxy group, a C3—C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3—C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6—C60 aryl group, a C6—C60 aryloxy group, a C6—C60 arylthio group, a C1—C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), —B(Q26)(Q27), and —P(?O)(Q28)(Q29); and
—N(Q31)(Q32), —Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), —B(Q36)(Q37), and —P(?O)(Q38)(Q39),
wherein Q1 to Q9, Q11 to Q19, Q21 to Q29, Q31 to Q39, and Q51 to Q53 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1—C60 alkyl group, a C2—C6o alkenyl group, a C2—C60 alkynyl group, a C1—C60 alkoxy group, a C3—C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3—C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1—C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6—C60 aryl group, a C6—C60 aryl group substituted with one of a C1—C60 alkyl group and a C6—C60 aryl group, a C6—C60 aryloxy group, a C6—C60 arylthio group, a C1—C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,714,695

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode facing the first electrode; and
an organic layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the organic layer comprising an emission layer,
wherein the organic layer further comprises i) a hole transport region between the first electrode and the emission layer, the hole transport region comprising a hole transport layer and at least one selected from a hole injection layer and a buffer layer; and
ii) an electron transport region between the emission layer and the second electrode, the electron transport region comprising an electron transport layer and at least one selected from a hole blocking layer and an electron injection layer,
wherein the electron transport region comprises a compound represented by Formula 2:

wherein, in Formula 2,
R1 and R2 are each independently selected from hydrogen and deuterium;
A is a group represented by one of Formulae 3g and 3h:

wherein, in Formulae 3g and 3h,
H1 is CR11R12 or NR13;
Z1 and Z2 each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group,
R11 to R13 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
wherein, R11 and R12 are optionally linked to each other and form a ring;
p in Formulae 3g and 3h is 4, and q in Formula 3g is 4; and
* is a binding site;
L is selected from a single bond, and a group represented by one of Formulae 2a to 2d:

wherein, in Formulae 2a to 2d,
Y1 to Y3 are each independently —CH— or N;
H1 is CR11R12 or NR13; and
Z1, Z2, and R11 to R13 are each independently selected from a binding site, a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
wherein, R11 and R12 are optionally linked to each other and form a ring; and
* is a binding site;
l and m? are each independently an integer selected from 1 to 6;
n is an integer selected from 1 to 3;
at least one substituent of the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6-C60 aryl group, substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), and —B(Q16)(Q17);
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), and —B(Q26)(Q27); and
—PO(Q31)(Q32), —SO2(Q33), and —SO(Q34);
wherein, Q11 to Q17, Q21 to Q27 and Q31 to Q34 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,714,694

DELAYED FLUORESCENCE MATERIAL AND ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE HAVING THE DELAYED FLUORESCENCE MATERIAL

1. A delayed fluorescence material having a molecular structure, wherein the molecular structure includes an electron donor unit and an electron acceptor unit coupled to the electron donor unit, wherein the electron acceptor unit includes an indolocarbazole group having at least one acceptor functional-group bound to the indolocarbazole group,wherein the molecular structure has one of following structures 1-3 and 1-6:

where each of D1, D2, and D31 individually represents the electron donor unit,
wherein each of A2, A31 and A41 individually represents the acceptor functional-group, and
wherein each of R1 to R9 individually represents one selected from a group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, an alkyl group having 1 to 60 carbon atoms, an alkylthio group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkyl-substituted amino group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an aralkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, a diarylamino group having 12 to 24 carbon atoms, an alkoxycarbonyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, an alkylsulfonyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a haloalkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, an amino group, an alkylamide group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, a trialkylsilyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a trialkylsilylalkyl group having 4 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 60 carbon atoms, a trialkylsilylalkenyl group having 5 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynyl group having 2 to 60 carbon atoms, a trialkylsilylalkynyl group having 5 to 20 carbon atoms, a cyano group, a nitro group, an aryl group having 6 to 60 carbon atoms, a heteroaryl group having 3 to 60 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 60 carbon atoms, an aryloxy group having 6 to 60 carbon atoms, an arylalkyl group having 7 to 60 carbon atoms, a heteroarylalkyl group having 3 to 60 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 60 carbon atoms, a heterocycloalkyl group having 1 to 60 carbon atoms, an alkylsilyl group having 3 to 60 carbon atoms, an arylsilyl group having 3 to 60 carbon atoms, a heteroarylsilyl group having 1 to 60 carbon atoms, and a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic 6-membered heterocycle having 3 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein at least two of R1 to R9 are the same or different, or adjacent two of R1 to R9 are coupled to form a ring,
and wherein at least one of A2, A31 and A41 individually includes a functional-group compound selected from a group consisting of compounds having following structural formulas 3-1, 3-2 and 3-4 respectively:

US Pat. No. 10,714,692

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE HAVING A CARBAZOLE-BASED COMPOUND FORMED BETWEEN CATHODE AND LIGHT EMITTING LAYER AND A SPIROBIFLUORENE-MONOAMINE BASED COMPOUND FORMED BETWEEN ANODE AND LIGHT EMITTING LAYER

LG Chem, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An organic light emitting diode comprising:an anode;
a cathode;
a light emitting layer provided between the anode and the cathode;
an organic material layer including a compound of any one of the following Chemical Formula 1-1 and provided between the cathode and the light emitting layer:

wherein:
X1 to X3 each independently is N or CH,
at least two of X1 to X3 is N,
L1 is an unsubstituted biphenylene group,
m is an integer of 1 to 2,
Ar1 is a phenyl group, a tolyl group, a xylyl group, a biphenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl group, or a phenanthrenyl group,
Ar2 is a phenyl group, a tolyl group, a xylyl group, a biphenyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl group, or a phenanthrenyl group,
provided that at least one of Ar1 and Ar2 is a tolyl group, a xylyl group, a diphenylfluorenyl group, or a phenanthrenyl group,
Z1 is deuterium,
p? is an integer of 1 to 8, and
an organic material layer including a compound of the following Chemical Formula 2 and provided between the anode and the light emitting layer:

wherein in Chemical Formula 2:
Ar3 is a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, or a dimethylfluorenyl group,
Ar4 is a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, or a dimethylfluorenyl group,
R1 to R4 are a hydrogen,
q, r, and s are each an integer of 4, and
t is an integer of 3; and
a hole transport layer provided between the organic material layer including the compound of Chemical Formula 2 and the anode,
wherein the organic material layer including the compound of any one of Chemical Formulas 1-1 is an electron transport layer, an electron injection layer, or a layer simultaneously transporting and injecting electrons,
wherein the organic material layer including the compound of Chemical Formula 2 is an electron blocking layer,
wherein the organic material layer including the compound of Chemical Formula 2 is provided to come into contact with the light emitting layer, and
wherein the organic light emitting diode includes only the organic material layer including the compound of any one of Chemical Formulas 1-1 between the cathode and the light emitting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,691

FORMULATIONS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Merck Patent GmbH, (DE)

1. A formulation comprising at least one solvent and at least one functional compound of the general formula (I)
whereA is a functional structural element which has electron-injection and/or electron-transport properties and the functional structural element which has electron-injection and/or electron-transport properties is selected from the group consisting of triazine derivatives and ketone derivatives,B is a solubility-promoting structural element andk is an integer in the range from 1 to 20,whereinthe solubility-promoting structural element B conforms to the general formula (L-I)whereAr1 and Ar2 are each, independently of one another, an aryl or heteroaryl group, which may be substituted by one or more radicals R,X is in each case, independently of one another, N or CR2,R1 and R2 are each, independently of one another, hydrogen, a straight-chain alkyl, alkoxy or thioalkoxy group having 1 to 40 C atoms or a branched or cyclic alkyl, alkoxy or thioalkoxy group having 3 to 40 C atoms or a silyl group or a substituted keto group having 1 to 40 C atoms, an alkoxycarbonyl group having 2 to 40 C atoms, an aryloxycarbonyl group having 7 to 40 C atoms, a cyano group (—CN), a carbamoyl group (—C(?O)NH2), a haloformyl group (—C(?O)—X?, in which X? represents a halogen atom), a formyl group (—C(?O)—H), an isocyano group, an isocyanate group, a thiocyanate group or a thioisocyanate group, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, a CF3 group, Cl, Br, F, a crosslinkable group or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic or heteroaromatic ring system having 5 to 60 ring atoms, or an aryloxy or heteroaryloxy group having 5 to 60 ring atoms, or a combination of these systems, where one or more of the groups R1 and/or R2 may form a mono- or polycyclic, aliphatic or aromatic ring system with one another and/or with the ring to which the group R1 is bonded; andI is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4;where the dashed bond indicates the bond to the functional structural element A.

US Pat. No. 10,714,690

AUTO-POLYMERIZATION ELECTRIC STORAGE MATERIAL BASED ON DOPAMINE, PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF AND APPLICATION TO ELECTRIC STORAGE DEVICE THEREOF

SOOCHOW UNIVERSITY, Suzh...

1. A preparation method of a self-polymerization electric storage material, comprising the following steps:mixing a dopamine hydrochloride solution having a pH of 8 to 9 with copper sulfate pentahydrate and hydrogen peroxide to obtain a mixed solution;
then forming a film with the mixed solution and annealing, to obtain the self-polymerization electric storage material.

US Pat. No. 10,714,689

FLEXIBLE OLED PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An OLED panel comprising:on an upper surface side of a flexible base material, a laminate including:
a resin layer;
a TFT layer including an inorganic insulating film;
an OLED layer; and
a sealing layer including an inorganic sealing film and an organic sealing film, wherein
the resin layer includes a first region overlapping with the inorganic sealing film, the inorganic insulating film and the organic sealing film, and a second region overlapping with the inorganic sealing film and the inorganic insulating film, but not overlapping with the organic sealing film,
a recessed portion is provided in at least a portion of the second region, and
the recessed portion is provided in a surface of the resin layer on a flexible base material side of the resin layer.

US Pat. No. 10,714,688

METHODS FOR FORMING A PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELL

UNIVERSITY OF LOUISVILLE ...

1. A method of forming a perovskite thin film, comprising:depositing a perovskite layer onto a substrate, wherein the perovskite layer comprises a mixed halide perovskite formed from a perovskite precursor composition including an alkyl halide, and wherein the alkyl halide comprises 1 to 10 carbons, and
cleaving the halide portion of the alkyl halide by exposing the perovskite layer to 1-10 pulses of intense pulsed light, the intense pulsed light having a wavelength of about 150 nm to about 1000 nm, an energy density of about 1 J/cm2 to about 35 J/cm2, and each pulse having a duration of about 1 microsecond to about 5 milliseconds;
wherein the alkyl halide is chosen from the group diiodomethane, chloroiodomethane, and dichloromethane.

US Pat. No. 10,714,687

DISPLAY PANEL MANUFACTURING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display panel manufacturing device comprising:a stage slider;
a second stage at the stage slider and configured to receive a test substrate or a main substrate thereon;
a patterning unit located at a distance from the stage slider, and configured to discharge organic drops onto the test substrate, configured to analyze patterns of the organic drops to enable modification of the patterns of the organic drops, and configured to discharge modified patterns onto the main substrate; and
test substrate raising and lowering units located at, and coupled to, the second stage and configured to separate the test substrate from the second stage by adjusting a vertical position of the test substrate with respect to the second stage,
wherein the second stage comprises a test substrate placing unit configured to place the test substrate on the second stage, the test substrate raising and lowering units being installed at the test substrate placing unit and configured to place the test substrate on, and to separate the test substrate from, the test substrate placing unit,
wherein the test substrate placing unit comprises a test substrate heating unit configured to heat the test substrate to harden the organic drops,
wherein the test substrate placing unit is on the second stage and smaller than the second stage, and
wherein the test substrate is smaller than the main substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,714,686

VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A variable resistance memory device comprising:a substrate comprising a cell region and a peripheral region, the cell region comprising a boundary region being in contact with the peripheral region;
a plurality of first conductive lines extending in a first direction on the substrate;
a plurality of second conductive lines extending in a second direction and traversing the plurality of first conductive lines;
a plurality of variable resistance structures, each of the plurality of variable resistance structures being at one of a plurality of intersecting points of the plurality of first conductive lines and the plurality of second conductive lines; and
a plurality of bottom electrodes between the plurality of first conductive lines and the plurality of variable resistance structures,
wherein one of the plurality of first conductive lines is electrically insulated from one of the plurality of variable resistance structures that is on the boundary region and overlaps the one of the plurality of first conductive lines.

US Pat. No. 10,714,685

METHODS OF FORMING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES HAVING THRESHOLD SWITCHING DEVICES

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method, comprising:forming a plurality of memory cells, each memory cell of the plurality of memory cells including a data storage element and an Ovonic threshold switching device, the data storage elements and the Ovonic threshold switching devices being in an amorphous phase, the Ovonic threshold switching device associated with a particular threshold voltage, such that the Ovonic threshold switching device is configured to change resistance based on a magnitude of a voltage applied on the Ovonic threshold switching device at least meeting the particular threshold voltage; and
performing a switching device firing operation on the plurality of memory cells while maintaining the Ovonic threshold switching devices of the plurality of memory cells in an amorphous phase, such that a variation, across the Ovonic threshold switching devices of the plurality of memory cells, of the particular threshold voltages associated with the Ovonic threshold switching devices is reduced, and a standard deviation of a threshold voltage distribution that is a distribution of the particular threshold voltages associated with the Ovonic threshold switching devices is reduced, the threshold voltage distribution indicating variation of associated particular threshold voltage between the Ovonic threshold switching devices.

US Pat. No. 10,714,684

PHASE CHANGE MEMORY WITH DOPED SILICON GERMANIUM ALLOY-CONTAINING ELECTRODES AND AIR GAP-CONTAINING SPACER

International Business Ma...

1. A semiconductor structure comprising:a phase change memory cell located on a surface of a semiconductor substrate, wherein the phase change memory cell comprises a phase change material sandwiched between a bottom electrode structure and a top electrode structure, wherein each of the bottom electrode structure and the top electrode structure comprises a doped silicon germanium alloy electrode positioned between a top diffusion barrier material and a bottom diffusion barrier material, wherein the top and bottom diffusion barrier materials are composed of a material that prevents diffusion of dopants from the doped silicon germanium alloy electrode into the phase change material, and the material that prevents diffusion of the dopants is selected from the group consisting of tantalum (Ta), tantalum nitride (TaN), titanium (Ti), titanium nitride (TiN), ruthenium (Ru), ruthenium nitride (RuN), a RuTa alloy, RuTaN, and tungsten nitride (WN).

US Pat. No. 10,714,683

MULTILAYER HARDMASK FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE MRAM DEVICES

International Business Ma...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor structure, the method comprising:providing a first electrically conductive structure embedded in a first interconnect dielectric material layer and located in a magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM) device area, wherein a conductive landing pad is located on a surface of the first electrically conductive structure;
forming a multilayered magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) structure and a MTJ cap layer on the conductive landing pad;
forming a halogen barrier hardmask layer over the MTJ cap layer;
forming an upper hardmask layer atop the halogen barrier hardmask layer;
patterning, utilizing a halogen-based etching process, the upper hardmask layer to provide a patterned upper hardmask layer;
patterning the halogen barrier hardmask layer, the MTJ structure and MTJ cap layer utilizing ion beam etching and the patterned upper hardmask layer as an etch mask; and
forming a second electrically conductive structure embedded in a second interconnect dielectric material layer and in contact with an upper portion of the patterned upper hardmask layer.