US Pat. No. 10,340,579

ATTACHMENT INSTRUMENT FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICES, ANGLE ADJUSTING METHOD, AND COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An attachment instrument for an electronic device comprising:a first angle adjustment part configured to adjust an orientation of an antenna included in the electronic device by two arc-shaped first long holes formed in a first plane and two axes moving inside the two first long holes, respectively, wherein the first angle adjustment part makes the adjustment by the axis inside one of the first long holes being fixed and the axis inside the other one of the first long holes being allowed to move; and
a second angle adjustment part configured to adjust an orientation of the antenna included in the electronic device by two arc-shaped second long holes formed in a second plane and two axes moving inside the two first long holes, respectively, the second plane being disposed orthogonal to the first plane, wherein the second angle adjustment part makes the adjustment by the axis inside one of the second long holes being fixed and the axis inside the other one of the second long holes being allowed to move.

US Pat. No. 10,340,578

ELECTRON-NUCLEAR DOUBLE RESONANCE RESONATOR

Wuhan Institute of Physic...

1. An electron-nuclear double resonance resonator, comprisinga plurality of pairs of arc-shaped conductive plates, each of the arc-shaped conductive plates having side edges and being circumferentially distributed, two pairs of the arc-shaped conductive plates opposing each other and in each pair of the two pairs, the arc-shaped conductive plates facing each other with a recess on the adjacent side edge, and the recesses of the pairs of the arc-shaped conductive plates forming two radio-frequency coil windows, the plurality of the pairs of the arc-shaped conductive plates forming a cylindrical loop-gap resonator with the two radio-frequency coil windows, and the two radio-frequency coil windows being provided on the cylindrical loop-gap resonator opposing each other,
a lead connecting each of the arc-shaped conductive plates in series in turn to form a radio frequency coil that is a saddle-shaped coil having a same diameter as the cylindrical loop-gap resonator,
wherein
the radio-frequency coil generates a radio-frequency magnetic field that passes through the two radio-frequency coil windows in turn.

US Pat. No. 10,340,577

WIDE BAND DIRECTIONAL COUPLER

1. A wide band directional coupler, comprising:a main transmission line connected between an input port and an output port; and
a coupling transmission line having a first length and connected between a coupling port and an isolation port, wherein the coupling transmission line is coupled to the main transmission line through a coupling capacitive connection and a mutual inductive connection;
wherein at least a distance between the main transmission line and the coupling transmission line varies along the first length of the coupling transmission line such that any one of a capacitance value of the capacitive connection and an inductance value of the inductive connection is characterized by a relatively low value;
wherein a coupling factor of the wide band directional coupler remains substantially constant throughout an operating frequency band of the wide band directional coupler;
wherein a width of at least the coupling transmission line varies along the first length, and wherein the main transmission line and the coupling transmission line are placed in a configuration such that the lines are shifted relative to each other in a horizontal direction, such that there is a partial overlap between the main transmission line and the coupling transmission line;
wherein the coupling transmission line includes a plurality of sub coupling-lines, wherein the wide band directional coupler further comprises a substrate, wherein each of the sub coupling-lines is placed in a different layer of the substrate of the wide band directional coupler, wherein the sub coupling-lines are connected through vias; and
wherein at least one of a width of each of the sub coupling-lines and a length of each of the sub coupling-lines is distinct.

US Pat. No. 10,340,576

ZERO INSERTION LOSS DIRECTIONAL COUPLER FOR WIRELESS TRANSCEIVERS WITH INTEGRATED POWER AMPLIFIERS

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

1. A directional coupler with a first port, a second port, a third port, and a fourth port, comprising:a first conductive layer;
a second conductive layer;
a first signal trace on the first conductive layer, the first signal trace being defined by a first signal trace first terminal on the first conductive layer and connected to the first port, and a first signal trace second terminal on the first conductive layer and connected to the second port, the first signal trace being contiguous and on the first conductive layer between the first signal trace first terminal and the first signal trace second terminal;
a spiral inductive winding on the second conductive layer and at least partially overlapping the first signal trace, the inductive winding being defined by an interior spiral origin corresponding to an inductive winding second terminal connected to the fourth port, and an exterior spiral terminus corresponding to an inductive winding first terminal connected to the third port; and
a second signal trace routed away from the interior spiral origin and the first signal trace, the second signal trace including a second signal trace first terminal connected to the fourth port and a second signal trace second terminal connected to the inductive winding second terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,575

DIRECTIONAL COUPLER

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A directional coupler comprising:an input terminal;
an output terminal;
a coupling terminal;
a termination terminal;
a ground terminal;
a main line electrically connected between the input terminal and the output terminal; anda sub line electrically connected between the coupling terminal and the termination terminal; whereinthe main line and the sub line are spaced away from each other;
the sub line is divided into a plurality of sub lines electrically connected to each other and includes at least a first sub line and at least a second sub line;
a first low pass filter is included between the coupling terminal and the sub line;
a second low pass filter is included between the first sub line and the second sub line;
the ground terminal includes a plurality of ground terminals including at least a first ground terminal and at least a second ground terminal that are isolated from each other; and
the first low pass filter is electrically connected to the first ground terminal, and the second low pass filter is electrically connected to the second ground terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,574

SPATIAL COMBINING DEVICE AND ANTENNA

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. A spatial power-combining device for modifying a signal, the spatial power-combining device comprising:a plurality of amplifier assemblies, wherein each amplifier assembly comprises:
an amplifier;
an output antenna structure comprising an output ground conductor and an output signal conductor that are entirely separated by air;
a transmission line connected between the amplifier and the output signal conductor; and
an output waveguide configured to combine signals received from the output antenna of each amplifier assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,340,573

LAUNCHER WITH CYLINDRICAL COUPLING DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

2. A launching device comprising:a transmitter configured to generate a radio frequency signal on a transmission medium, wherein the transmitter is included in a launching circuit with the transmission medium, the launching circuit having an electrical return path; and
a cylindrical coupler that launches the radio frequency signal from an aperture of the cylindrical coupler as a guided electromagnetic wave that is bound to an outer surface of the transmission medium, wherein the cylindrical coupler has an elliptical cross section, and wherein the guided electromagnetic wave propagates along the outer surface of the transmission medium without requiring the electrical return path.

US Pat. No. 10,340,572

ANTENNA MODULE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An antenna module comprising:a resin multilayer substrate including a plurality of base materials that are flexible;
wherein the resin multilayer substrate includes a rigid portion and a flexible portion;
a first number of stacked layers of the base materials at the rigid portion is larger than a second number of stacked layers of the base materials at the flexible portion;
a radiating element including a conductor pattern is provided at the rigid portion;
a transmission line including a conductor pattern and electrically connected to the radiating element is provided at the flexible portion; and
the rigid portion bends.

US Pat. No. 10,340,571

ROPE CONDUCTOR FOR GUIDED WAVE RADAR COAXIAL WAVEGUIDE

Honeywell International I...

1. A coaxial guided wave radar apparatus, comprising:a central conductor comprising a bottom portion, a wire rope and a wire rope stop associated with the wire rope;
a plurality of spacers positioned and held in place about said central conductor at predetermined lengths along said central conductor, wherein each space among said plurality of spacers is positioned and held in place along said central conductor by at least one retainer that is crimped to said central conductor;
a tensioner attached to an end of said wire rope of said central conductor, wherein said tensioner allows for a proper tension to be applied to maintain a spacing of said wire rope from an outer conductor;
a pre-loading mechanism arranged to handle thermo-mechanical breathing resulting from varying thermal expansion coefficients associated with the different materials of said coaxial guided wave radar apparatus; and
an insulating load ring surrounding the wire rope stop and the bottom portion of the central conductor, wherein the wire rope stop provides a reaction force through the insulating load ring to the tensioner.

US Pat. No. 10,340,570

MICROELECTRONIC RF SUBSTRATE WITH AN INTEGRAL ISOLATOR/CIRCULATOR

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

10. An electronic assembly comprising:a planar semiconductor substrate;
the planar semiconductor substrate having a front side with semiconductor components and a back side that includes at least one recess extending inwardly towards the front side;
a circulator formed as part of the planar semiconductor substrate and having at least one magnetic ferrite disk mounted in the at least one recess, the circulator capable of operating at frequencies between 75-100 GHz;
the circulator having an transmit port, an output port, and a receive port, the transmit port disposed to receive a radio frequency transmit signal to be coupled with low insertion loss to the output port, the output port disposed to receive a receive radio frequency signal to be coupled with low insertion loss to the receive port, the circulator providing high insertion loss at the receive port to the radio frequency transmit signal; and
the planar semiconductor substrate having at least one of the width and length dimensions that is not more than ½ wavelength of the radio frequency signal which is substantially 1.6 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,340,569

MULTIPLEXER AND LOW PASS FILTER FOR MULTIPLEXER

1. A multiplexer through which different frequency bands pass comprising:a housing that includes an I/O terminal and a channel group which inputs and/or outputs frequencies of different ranges, includes a plurality of connectors, and is separated from the I/O terminal;
a low-pass filter provided inside the housing, electrically connected to the I/O terminal, and formed of a distributed constant type;
a common capacitor provided in parallel to the low-pass filter and electrically connected to a contact point between the I/O terminal and the low-pass filter; and
a cavity filter which includes a plurality of cavities which are formed in the housing and a resonator which is respectively installed in the cavities,
wherein a part of the cavity filter is electrically connected between the low-pass filter and a part of the channel group, and
wherein the other part of the cavity filter is electrically connected between the common capacitor and the other part of the channel group.

US Pat. No. 10,340,568

VOLTAGE CONTROLLED TUNABLE FILTER

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

1. A waveguide filter comprising:a first conductive layer;
a second conductive layer;
a dielectric substrate layer disposed between the first and second conductive layers to form a waveguide between an input and an output;
a plurality of conductive vias that interconnect the top conductive layer and the bottom conductive layer through the dielectric substrate layer, wherein the plurality of conductive vias are arranged between the input and the output to form an outline of the waveguide filter that defines a frequency characteristic of the waveguide filter; and
at least one tunable via comprising a tunable material disposed within the dielectric substrate layer and configured to change a relative permittivity of the dielectric substrate layer based on an applied voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,340,567

MICROWAVE SWITCHING DEVICE WITH THE STATE OF THE CONNECTIONS OF THE INPUTS AND OUTPUTS BEING READ BY TELEMETRY

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A microwave switching device comprising:a switching matrix with M inputs and N outputs comprising at least one surface-mount microwave switch with ohmic contacts with at least one input and at least one output position;
a control bus for the one or more microwave switches of the switching matrix;
a remote-control bus for the M inputs;
a telemetry bus for the N outputs;
a bias tee positioned on each input of the switching matrix; and
a bias tee positioned on each output of the switching matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,340,566

BATTERY MODULE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery module comprising:a plurality of battery cells aligned along a first direction, each of the battery cells comprising a battery case, an electrode assembly accommodated in the battery case, a cap assembly on the battery case, and a gas exhaust vent configured to rupture in response to a first pressure in the battery case, the battery case being configured to bulge in response to a second pressure in the battery case, the second pressure being lower than the first pressure;
a cooling gas inlet for supplying cooling gas to the battery cells, the cooling gas inlet being defined by a first side wall and a second side wall, the first side wall being configured to deform in response to a bulged battery case; and
a cooling gas valve in the cooling gas inlet, the cooling gas valve being configured to change from an open position into a closed position due to the deformation of the first side wall.

US Pat. No. 10,340,565

BATTERY CELL ASSEMBLY WITH IMPROVED COOLING EFFICIENCY

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

9. A battery cell assembly, comprising:a cooling fin having a tube through which a coolant flows;
at least one frame member;
at least one battery cell disposed to face the cooling fin;
a first cooling port welded to an inlet formed at one end of the tube of the cooling fin; and
a second cooling port welded to an outlet formed at the other end of the tube of the cooling fin,
wherein the first cooling port and the second cooling port are made of the same material as the tube,
wherein each of the first cooling port and the second cooling port includes a head portion having a first diameter and a body portion having a second diameter, and the first diameter is greater than the second diameter,
wherein the cooling fin has a first through hole defined by a sidewall in which the body portion of the first cooling port is accommodated therein and a second through hole defined by a sidewall in which the body portion of the second cooling port is accommodated therein,
wherein a portion of the inlet extends from the sidewall of the first through hole and a portion of the outlet extends from the sidewall of the second through hole, and
wherein the portion of the inlet is inserted into a hole formed in the first body portion and welded thereto, and the portion of the outlet is inserted into a hole formed in the second body portion and welded thereto.

US Pat. No. 10,340,564

VEHICULAR STORAGE BATTERY DEVICE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A vehicular storage battery device configured to be mounted on a vehicle, the vehicular storage battery device comprising:a plurality of housings;
battery boxes disposed in each of the housings, each of the battery boxes housing an electric cell as a vehicle power source and including a heat transporting part to transport heat generated in the battery box to outside of the battery box;
a common cooling passage disposed in each of the housings, wherein in each of the housings (i) the common cooling passage is provided with an inlet for taking in a fluid and an outlet for discharging the fluid having passed through the passage, (ii) each of the inlet and the outlet are configured to be open in a direction different from a traveling direction of the vehicle, and (iii) the heat transporting part of each of the battery boxes is exposed to inside of the passage; and
an exterior case that includes supporting sections that support the housings;
wherein the exterior case includes:
an upper part fixing portion for fixing the exterior case to a rooftop part of the vehicle;
a lower part fixing portion for fixing the exterior case to an underfloor part of the vehicle;
a planned upper-side opening portion to discharge the fluid toward above the vehicle when the exterior case is fixed the vehicle by the upper part fixing portion; and
a planned lower-side opening portion to discharge the fluid toward below the vehicle when the exterior case is fixed to the vehicle by the lower part fixing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,563

TRACTION BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM WITH COOLANT PROPORTIONAL VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cooling system for an electrified motor vehicle, comprising:a coolant circuit circulating coolant between a traction battery and either a battery radiator or a chiller;
a refrigerant circuit circulating refrigerant between a compressor, a condenser and either a first evaporator or said chiller;
a plurality of flow control valves in said coolant circuit and said refrigerant circuit; and
a control system including a controller configured to (a) control operation of said plurality of flow control valves and (b) prioritize cabin cooling over traction battery cooling when the traction battery is at a normal operating temperature;
wherein, said coolant circuit further includes a coolant bypass and said plurality of flow control valves includes a coolant proportional valve in said coolant circuit between said traction battery and said chiller controlling flow of said coolant through said chiller.

US Pat. No. 10,340,562

BATTERY PACK AND HEATER ASSEMBLY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery pack comprising:a battery module including a plurality of cylindrical batteries, the battery module comprising:
a thermal diffusing plate housing and holding the plurality of cylindrical batteries;
a first chamber configured to distribute cooling air to cool each of the plurality of cylindrical batteries; and
a second chamber formed by walls, the walls including a first part and a second part, at least the first part of the walls including the thermal diffusing plate; and
a heater configured such that convection occurs in the second chamber,
wherein the second chamber is between the plurality of cylindrical batteries and the heater, and negative electrodes of the plurality of the cylindrical batteries partially define the first part of the walls that form the second chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,340,561

DEVICES AND METHOD FOR SMELTERLESS RECYCLING OF LEAD ACID BATTERIES

Aqua Metals Inc., Alamed...

1. A method of processing lead materials from lead acid batteries, comprising:providing lead materials comprising grid lead and active material lead, wherein the active material lead comprises lead sulfate;
treating the lead materials to allow an electroprocessing solvent to selectively dissolve the active material lead to so form a lead ion-enriched electroprocessing solvent and solid grid lead;
wherein the electroprocessing solvent is an aqueous solution of an alkane sulfonic acid;
removing at least some of the grid lead from the lead ion-enriched electroprocessing solvent;
reducing lead ions in the lead ion-enriched electroprocessing solvent on a cathode to form high-purity lead and regenerated electroprocessing solvent; and
wherein the steps of providing lead materials, treating the lead materials, removing at least some of the grid lead, and reducing lead ions are performed to allow processing in a continuous fashion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,560

METHOD FOR MANAGING BATTERY OF ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE PERFORMING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method comprising:identifying, at an electronic device, a first power usage used by a first operation and a second power usage used by a second operation, the first operation and the second operation performed at the electronic device over a specified period of time;
detecting a remaining power of a battery operatively coupled with the electronic device;
determining an available time period for which the battery is capable to supply power to the electronic device, based on the first power usage, the second power usage, and the remaining power of the battery;
presenting, via a display operatively coupled with the electronic device, a first graphical user interface indicative of the determined available time period and a second graphical user
interface indicative of the remaining power of the battery;
identifying a charging history including at least one of a position where the battery was charged or a time when the battery was charged;
determining a charging probability of the electronic device, based at least in part on the charging history; and
applying the charging probability to display the first graphical user interface or the second graphical user interface if the charging probability of the electronic device is less than a specified value.

US Pat. No. 10,340,559

SECONDARY BATTERY PACK

SK INNOVATION CO., LTD., ...

1. A secondary battery pack, comprising:a secondary battery module including battery cells and cooling fins;
a first structure formed under the secondary battery module;
a second structure which is formed in a shape mounted on side faces of the secondary battery module and includes a printed circuit board; and
a cover mounted over the second structure,
wherein the first structure further includes a plate and a side structure,
wherein the side structure is provided over first and second sides of the plate,
wherein the plate includes a cooling channel, and
wherein each structure includes a coupling bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,340,558

BATTERY CELL WITH MONITORING DEVICE, AND CORRESPONDING OPERATING METHOD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A battery cell with a monitoring device, comprising:a data processing unit for processing state data of the battery cell as a function of a trigger pulse,
a triggering unit, which is connected to the data processing unit, for generating the trigger pulse, and provision of the trigger pulse to the data processing unit,
wherein the triggering unit is designed to evaluate a measurement signal, which comes from the battery cell and correlates with an electrical energy of the battery cell, and to generate the trigger pulse as a function of the measurement signal,
wherein the triggering unit is designed to generate the trigger pulse at a first point in time, at which the battery cell has a first electrical energy content and to generate the trigger pulse at a second point in time, at which the battery cell has a second electrical energy content, wherein the first electrical energy content and the second electrical energy content differ by a pre-definable energy value, and
wherein the measurement signal is proportional to an electric current through the battery cell or proportional to an electrical power of the battery cell, wherein the triggering unit has means to generate an integration signal as a function of the measurement signal and when the integration signal falls below or exceeds a pre-definable threshold value, is designed to generate the trigger pulse and to reset the integration signal to a start value.

US Pat. No. 10,340,557

BATTERY FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A battery for a motor vehicle having at least one master control device and a plurality of battery cells, wherein, for each respective battery cell in the plurality of battery cells, the battery cell comprises:a battery cell housing, in which a galvanic element is accommodated,
two electrical connection terminals, by way of which the battery cell is electrically connected to at least one other battery cell in the plurality of battery cells, and
a battery cell control device, which is coupled to at least one communications device of the battery cell,
wherein the at least one communications device of the battery cell is configured to communicate with at least one battery cell in the plurality of battery cells that is adjacent to the battery cell in a first mode and with the at least one master control device of the battery in a second mode, which differs from the first mode.

US Pat. No. 10,340,556

BATTERY CELL, BATTERY MODULE, DETECTION SYSTEM, AND DETERMINATION SYSTEM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A detection system comprising a battery module and a detection unit,wherein the battery module comprises a first battery cell and a second battery cell,
wherein the first battery cell comprises:
a first resistance change member having a first terminal and a second terminal;
a first power generation element including a first positive electrode, a first negative electrode, and a first electrolyte interposed between the first positive electrode and the first negative electrode;
a first case enclosing the first power generation element and the first resistance change member;
a first positive electrode terminal having an end electrically connected to the first positive electrode and an end exposed to outside of the first case; and
a first negative electrode terminal having an end electrically connected to the first negative electrode and an end exposed to the outside of the first case,
wherein at least one of the first positive electrode, the first negative electrode, and the first electrolyte contains a first sulfur-based material,
the first resistance change member contains a first resistance change material of which electrical resistance is changed by a chemical reaction with hydrogen sulfide,
the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member are exposed to the outside of the first case, and
the first resistance change member is not electrically connected to any of the first positive electrode terminal and the first negative electrode terminal,
wherein the second battery cell comprises:
a second resistance change member having a first terminal and a second terminal;
a second power generation element including a second positive electrode, a second negative electrode, and a second electrolyte interposed between the second positive electrode and the second negative electrode;
a second case enclosing the second power generation element and the second resistance change member;
a second positive electrode terminal having an end electrically connected to the second positive electrode and an end exposed to outside of the second case; and
a second negative electrode terminal having an end electrically connected to the second negative electrode and an end exposed to the outside of the second case,
wherein at least one of the second positive electrode, the second negative electrode, and the second electrolyte contains a second sulfur-based material,
the second resistance change member contains a second resistance change material of which electrical resistance is changed by a chemical reaction with hydrogen sulfide,
the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member are exposed to the outside of the second case,
the second resistance change member is not electrically connected to any of the second positive electrode terminal and the second negative electrode terminal, and
one of the first positive electrode terminal and the first negative electrode terminal is electrically connected to one of the second positive electrode terminal and the second negative electrode terminal,
wherein the detection unit performs an operation of applying a current between the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member, and detecting, as a first detection value, a voltage between the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member, or an operation of applying a voltage between the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member, and detecting, as the first detection value, a current between the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member,
wherein the detection unit performs an operation of applying a current between the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member, and detecting, as a second detection value, a voltage between the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member, or an operation of applying a voltage between the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member, and detecting, as the second detection value, a current between the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member,
wherein the detection system further comprises a connection state setting unit that sets a connection state between the detection unit and each of the first battery cell and the second battery cell,
wherein the connection state setting unit sets the connection state to a first connection state in which the detection unit is connected to the first battery cell and the detection unit is not connected to the second battery cell,
wherein, in the first connection state, the detection unit performs the operation of applying a current between the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member, and detecting, as the first detection value, a voltage between the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member, or the operation of applying a voltage between the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member, and detecting, as the first detection value, a current between the first terminal of the first resistance change member and the second terminal of the first resistance change member,
wherein the connection state setting unit further sets the connection state to a second connection state in which the detection unit is not connected to the first battery cell and the detection unit is connected to the second battery cell, and
wherein, in the second connection state, the detection unit performs the operation of applying a current between the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member, and detecting, as the second detection value, a voltage between the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member, or the operation of applying a voltage between the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member, and detecting, as the second detection value, a current between the first terminal of the second resistance change member and the second terminal of the second resistance change member.

US Pat. No. 10,340,555

METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THIN-FILM LITHIUM-ION MICROBATTERIES AND RESULTING MICROBATTERIES

1. A process for fabrication of an all-solid-state thin film micro-battery, the process comprising:depositing, by electrophoresis as one of a cathode film or an anode film, a first electrode film without any binders on one of a conducting substrate or a substrate with at least one conducting zone, said substrate or said at least one conducting zone serving as a collector of current from said first electrode film;
depositing an electrolyte film by electrophoresis from a suspension containing nanoparticles of electrolyte materials on said first electrode film, the electrolyte film; and
depositing, by one of electrophoresis or a vacuum deposition process as one of a cathode film or an anode film, a second electrode film on the electrolyte film to form the all-solid-state thin film micro-battery; and
consolidating the films deposited by electrophoresis to increase the density thereof of the films deposited by electrophoresis,
wherein:
the first electrode film is deposited from a suspension containing nanoparticles of one of cathode materials in a cathode materials suspension or anode materials in an anode materials suspension,
the second electrode film is deposited from a suspension containing nanoparticles of one of cathode materials in a cathode materials suspension or anode materials in an anode materials suspension,
an average size of nanoparticles in at least one of the cathode material in the cathode materials suspension, the electrolyte material in the electrolyte materials suspension, and the anode material in the anode materials suspension is less than 100 nm,
said films deposited by electrophoresis have a porosity of less than 5%.

US Pat. No. 10,340,554

METHODS FOR FABRICATION OF INTERCALATED LITHIUM BATTERIES

S2 Batteries, Paradise V...

1. A method for fabricating an intercalated lithium battery without the assistance of a controlled environment comprising the steps of:(a) providing a substrate to serve as a negative electrode having at least one surface to be coated;
(b) forming a layer of amorphous LiBO2 (lithium metaborate) on the at least one surface by:
mixing a solution of a combustible fluid with at least one fluid-soluble lithium compound and at least one fluid-soluble boron compound to dissolve the compounds in the fluid to form a reagent mixture;
spraying the reagent mixture through a nozzle to form a liquid spray containing the reagent mixture;
passing the spray through a flame to combust the reagent mixture, thereby forming heated lithium metaborate;
depositing the heated lithium metaborate onto the substrate at a temperature between 750 C and 1100 C to form the layer of amorphous lithium metaborate as a coating on the substrate;
(c) removing the coated substrate from the flame following deposition; and
(d) adhering a positive electrode configured to accept lithium ions to the layer of amorphous lithium metaborate on the substrate to form an intercalated lithium battery.

US Pat. No. 10,340,552

ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITION AND METAL-ION BATTERY EMPLOYING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An electrolyte composition, comprising:a metal halide;
an organic compound, wherein the organic compound is a nitrogen-containing compound, a sulfur-containing compound, or a combination thereof; and
a halogen-containing salt, wherein the halogen-containing salt has a structure represented by Formula (I)
[Ca+]i[X?]j   Formula (I),
wherein C is IA element, IIA element, IIIA element, IVA element, VA element, VIA element, transition metal, pyrrolium, pyrrolinium, pyrrolidinium, pyridinium, ammonium, imidazolium, indazolium, pyrimidinium, azaannulenium, azathiazolium, benzimidazolium, benzofuranium, benzotriazolium, borolium, cholinium, cinnolinium, diazabicyclodecenium, diazabicyclononenium, diazabicyclo-undecenium, dithiazolium, furanium, guanidinium, indolinium, indolium, morpholinium, oxaborolium, oxaphospholium, oxazinium, oxazolium, iso-oxazolium, oxathiazolium, pentazolium, phospholium, phosphonium, phthalazinium, piperazinium, piperidinium, pyranium, pyrazinium, pyrazolium, pyridazinium, quinazolinium, quinolinium, iso-quinolinium, quinoxalinium, selenozolium, sulfonium, tetrazolium, iso-thiadiazolium, thiazinium, thiazolium, thiophenium, thiuronium, triazadecenium, triazinium, triazolium, iso-triazolium, or uronium; X is fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine; a=j/i, i is 1, 2, 3, or 4, and j is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, and wherein the molar ratio of the metal halide to the organic compound is greater than 2, and the molar ratio of the metal halide to the halogen-containing salt is greater than 2; and wherein the metal halide is distinct from the halogen-containing salt.

US Pat. No. 10,340,551

ELECTROLYTE FOR NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY AND NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME

National Institute of Adv...

1. A nonaqueous secondary battery electrolyte comprising a salt containing a charge carrier comprising a molecular ion, wherein the salt containing a molecular ion is a salt comprising:a molecular cation represented by Formula (1):
wherein Y is an atom of Group 15 or 16 of the periodic table; each R1 is, independently, an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, or a halogen atom; two R1 may be bonded to form a ring together with adjacent Y; and m is 3 or 4; anda triflate anion (CF3SO3?), a perchlorate ion, or a molecular anion represented by Formula (2):
wherein Z is an atom of Group 15 of the periodic table; each R2 is, independently, an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, a halogen atom, or a group represented by —SO2Rf, wherein Rf is a fluorine atom or a fluoroalkyl group; and n is an integer of 2 to 6.

US Pat. No. 10,340,550

LITHIUM ION SECONDARY CELL

NEC ENERGY DEVICES, LTD.,...

1. A lithium ion secondary cell comprising a positive electrode active material layer containing lithium manganese-based oxide as a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode active material layer containing a negative electrode active material, and an electrolytic solution used to immerse the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer,wherein the positive electrode active material layer comprises carbon nanotubes and the electrolytic solution comprises sulfonic acid ester in amount of not less than 0.1% by mass and not more than 6.0% by mass with respect to the total mass of the solvent and the sulfonic acid ester,
wherein a surface of the positive electrode active material layer is covered in a ratio not less than 40% and not more than 90% of a surface area with the carbon nanotubes having a mean D/G ratio, measured by Raman spectroscopy, of not less than 0.3 and not more than 0.6, the outermost cylinder of carbon nanotubes has a diameter of not less than 0.5 nm and not more than 50 nm,
wherein solid electrolyte interface films cover the surface of the positive electrode active material, and
wherein the solid electrolyte films are obtained during an initial charge of the cell by decomposition of the sulfonic acid ester through a catalytic function of the carbon nanotubes.

US Pat. No. 10,340,549

ELECTROLYTE AND BATTERY, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND VEHICLE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electrolyte represented by the following formula (1):(Li7?3x+yGax)(La3?yCay)Zr2O12  (1)wherein 0.1?x?1, and 0.01?y?0.5.

US Pat. No. 10,340,548

METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THIN FILMS OF SOLID ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

1. A process for fabrication of a solid electrolyte film for a battery, the process comprising:providing a conducting substrate film coated with one of an anode film or a cathode film;
depositing via electrophoretic deposition, from a suspension containing nanoparticles of electrolyte materials, on at least one of said conducting substrate film and said anode film or cathode film, a solid electrolyte film that does not contain any binder, at a thickness of less than 5 ?m, the nanoparticles having an average particle size of less than 100 nm;
drying the deposited solid electrolyte film; and
consolidating the solid electrolyte film via at least one of mechanical compression and heat treatment at a temperature that does not exceed a predetermined threshold of a melting temperature (expressed in ° C.) of one of the electrolyte materials having a lowest melting temperature from among the electrolyte materials, wherein the porosity of the solid electrolyte film is less than 10%.

US Pat. No. 10,340,547

FABRICATION METHOD OF BATTERY

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. A fabrication method of a battery, comprising steps of:providing an electrode group, a first sealing film and a second sealing film;
bonding a part of a first surface of the first sealing film and a part of a first surface of the second sealing film by thermocompression to form a sealed chamber, wherein the first surface of the first sealing film is disposed toward the first surface of the second sealing film, each of the first sealing film and the second sealing film has a redundant part located outside the sealed chamber and without being bonded by thermo-compression, and a part of the electrode group is disposed in the sealed chamber;
injecting an electrolyte into the sealed chamber;
folding the redundant part of the first sealing film with an angle of 180 degrees;
folding the redundant part of the second sealing film with an angle of 180 degrees;
providing a fixing member;
aligning the first surface of the folded redundant part of the first sealing film and the first surface of the folded redundant part of the second sealing film to face different sides;
covering the folded redundant parts of the first sealing film and the second sealing film by the fixing member to fix the sealed chamber; and
bonding the folded redundant part of the first sealing film, the folded redundant part of the second sealing film and the fixing member by thermo-compression.

US Pat. No. 10,340,546

SELF-RECHARGEABLE BIO-FUELING MICRO BATTERY WITH A GLUCOSE BURNING CHAMBER

Samuel Messinger, Ramot ...

1. A self-rechargeable bio-fueling micro battery, comprising:a bio-membrane configured to diffuse at least one bio-fluid across an anode electrode and a cathode electrode to generate electron follow for recharging the micro battery and/or for supplying a constant power supply to a connected bio-medical implanted device, whereby the bio-membrane comprises:
a biocompatible compartment comprising an anode electrode and a cathode electrode, and storing at least one of a chemical substance configured to generate electricity to power the bio-medical implanted device;
one or more biofuel compartments configured to store at least one biofuel that is able to generate an electrolyte to create a conductive path for electrons emitted by the anode electrode and the cathode electrode to generate electricity to recharge the micro battery and/or to power the bio-medical implanted device;
a processor in communication with the biocompatible compartment through a plurality of connectors that interface with the biofuel compartment to control the communication between a user mobile electronic computing device and the biomedical implant device; and
a balloon nipple extending from the micro battery into a surrounding tissue into which the micro battery is implanted and connected to the biocompatible compartment, and able to diffuse or be injected with the bio-fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,340,545

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONVERTING CHEMICAL ENERGY STORED IN WASTEWATER INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY

BioEnergySP, Inc., Spenc...

1. A method comprising:(a) forming a biofilm on a substrate exposed to a volume of wastewater having dissolved oxygen, the biofilm having a sufficient thickness to define a gradient between aerobic microorganisms exposed to the wastewater and anaerobic microorganisms proximal to the substrate;
(b) electrically connecting the biofilm to a power harvester, the power harvester being free of an electrical connection to a separate cathode; and
(c) electrically connecting the power harvester to a ground lead.

US Pat. No. 10,340,543

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SUPPRESSING CHROMIUM POISONING IN FUEL CELLS

Bloom Energy Corporation,...

1. A fuel cell stack, comprising:solid oxide fuel cells that comprise:
an electrolyte;
a cathode electrode having an outer surface and an opposing an inner surface disposed on a first side of the electrolyte;
an anode electrode disposed on a second side of the electrolyte; and
a chromium-getter material arranged in separate strips that are each disposed directly on the outer surface of the cathode electrode, such that portions of the outer surface are exposed between the strips; and
interconnects comprising interconnect ribs that at least partially define gas flow passages, the interconnects being disposed between the fuel cells, such that the chromium-getter material is disposed directly between the outer surface of each cathode electrode and a corresponding interconnect, wherein the ribs contact portions of the cathode electrode exposed by gaps between the strips of the chromium-getter material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,542

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD OF FUEL CELL

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell system, comprising:a fuel cell comprising a stack structure configured by stacking a plurality of cells, the fuel cell including an end-portion cell in an end portion of the stack structure in a stacking direction;
a cell monitor configured to measure voltage of each of the cells as a cell voltage;
a temperature sensor configured to measure temperature of a cooling medium used to cool down the fuel cell; and
a controller configured to provide an output electric current limit of the fuel cell, wherein:
in response to a decrease of the cell voltage, the controller is configured to determine a first output limit amount for the output electric current limit according to the temperature of the cooling medium measured by the temperature sensor, and
when the cell voltage obtained from the end-portion cell of the fuel cell is equal to or lower than a first threshold value, the controller is configured to set the output electric current limit in accordance with a second output limit amount that is smaller than the first output limit amount.

US Pat. No. 10,340,541

OPERATION CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM OF FUEL CELL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An operation control method of a fuel cell having improved reverse voltage durability, in which an oxygen evolution catalyst is added to an anode electrode, the operation control method comprising:monitoring, by a controller, a cell voltage of the fuel cell during normal operation of the fuel cell;
comparing, by the controller, the monitored cell voltage of the fuel cell with a first setting voltage;
when the cell voltage is less than the first setting voltage as the cell voltage drops, performing, by the controller, a fuel cell operation control process for increasing the humidity in a cell of the fuel cell;
comparing, by the controller, the cell voltage of the fuel cell with a second setting voltage set as a threshold voltage for current limitation during the performance of the fuel cell operation control process for increasing the humidity in the cell of the fuel cell; and
when the cell voltage is less than the second setting voltage as the cell voltage decreases, performing, by the controller, current limitation for limiting the output current of the fuel cell,
wherein the first setting voltage is set as a threshold voltage at which generation of a reverse voltage is possible,
wherein the fuel cell operation control process for increasing the humidity in the cell includes a fuel cell operation control process for decreasing the temperature of the cell, and a fuel cell operation control process for increasing only a relative humidity of air supplied to a cathode of the fuel cell, and
wherein when the cell voltage is less than the first setting voltage as the cell voltage decreases, the fuel cell operation control process for decreasing the temperature of the cell is performed first, and, in response to determining that the cell voltage is continuously decreased, the fuel cell operation control process for increasing the relative humidity of the supplied air is performed.

US Pat. No. 10,340,540

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell system having a fuel cell supplied with an anode gas and a cathode gas to generate electricity from the fuel cell depending on a load, comprising:a supply valve for supplying the anode gas into an anode system of the fuel cell system;
a purge valve for discharging an off-gas from the anode system;
a pressure detecting portion that estimates or measures a pressure inside the anode system; and
a hydrogen concentration estimating portion that estimates the hydrogen concentration inside the anode system based on a pressure decrease during a purge valve open duration when a predetermined time elapses after the purge valve is opened in a supply valve close state.

US Pat. No. 10,340,539

POWER CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A power conditioning system, comprising:a fuel cell connected to a load;
a fuel cell converter connected between the fuel cell and the load, the fuel cell converter converting an output voltage of the fuel cell at a predetermined required voltage ratio;
a battery connected to the load in parallel to the fuel cell, the battery serving as a power supply source different from the fuel cell;
a battery converter connected between the battery and the load, the battery converter converting an output voltage of the battery at a predetermined required voltage ratio;
a current bypass path configured to couple the fuel cell and the load while bypassing the fuel cell converter; and
a controller programmed to:
apply an alternating-current voltage signal to an output side of the fuel cell converter; and
estimate an internal state of the fuel cell on the basis of a predetermined physical quantity when the alternating-current voltage signal was applied by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,340,538

PERFORMANCE TESTING APPARATUS OF FUEL CELL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A performance testing apparatus of a fuel cell, comprising:a moving body configured to stack at least one unit cell and installed to be movable along a predetermined transporting path on a frame;
a pressurizing unit mounted to the frame, configured to press the unit cell on the moving body moved from a beginning stage side of the transporting path, and supply a reaction fluid to the unit cell; and
a terminal connection part mounted to the pressurizing unit side the frame and that connects a terminal to output a voltage of the unit cell to the unit cell,
wherein the pressurizing unit includes a press body mounted to a press frame on the frame to be movable in vertical direction and configured to press the unit cell stacked on the moving body.

US Pat. No. 10,340,537

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD FOR THE SAME

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a reformer that generates a hydrogen-containing gas by using a raw material;
a raw-material supplier that supplies the raw material to the reformer;
a desulfurizer that desulfurizes, by using hydrodesulfurization, a sulfur compound contained in the raw material supplied to the reformer;
a recycle gas passage for supplying the desulfurizer with part of gas exhausted from the reformer;
a flow controller that controls flow of the gas in the recycle gas passage;
a vapor supplier that supplies vapor to the reformer;
a fuel cell that causes a reaction of the hydrogen-containing gas generated by the reformer;
a combustor that ignites and combusts off-gas exhausted from the fuel cell; and
a controller,
wherein after causing the raw-material supplier to supply the raw material at a startup of the fuel cell system, the controller is configured to perform control such that:
(i) before the vapor supplier starts supplying vapor to the reformer, the raw material exhausted as the off-gas via the fuel cell is combusted in the combustor, and the flow controller subsequently causes the part of the gas exhausted from the reformer to start flowing through the recycle gas passage, and
after the part of the gas exhausted from the reformer starts flowing through the recycle gas passage, the vapor supplier starts supplying the vapor to the reformer, or
(ii) before the vapor supplier starts supplying vapor to the reformer, the flow controller causes the part of the gas exhausted from the reformer to start flowing through the recycle gas passage, and the raw material exhausted as the off-gas via the fuel cell is subsequently combusted in the combustor, and
after the off-gas is combusted in the combustor, the vapor supplier starts supplying the vapor to the reformer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,536

MODULAR FUEL CELL STRUCTURE, CASING OF THE SAME, AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM

National Taipei Universit...

1. A modular fuel cell structure, which is adapted for injecting a first material and a second material for reaction; comprising:a casing, which has a reaction vessel recessed into a surface thereof, and has a first flow passage, a second flow passage, and a third flow passage provided therein, which all communicate with the reaction vessel, wherein the first flow passage is adapted for delivering the first material into the reaction vessel, the second flow passage is adapted for delivering the second material into the reaction vessel, and the third flow passage is adapted to exhaust the first material and the second material out from the reaction vessel after reaction;
an anode conductive sheet disposed in the reaction vessel;
an air electrode sheet disposed on a side of the anode conductive sheet opposite to the reaction vessel;
a separating membrane disposed between the anode conductive sheet and the air electrode sheet to electrically separate the anode conductive sheet and the air electrode sheet; and
a cathode conductive sheet disposed on the air electrode sheet, wherein the cathode conductive sheet is electrically connected to the air electrode sheet;
wherein the casing has a first surface, a second surface opposite to the first surface, a first end face, and a second end face opposite to the first end face; the first end face and the second end face are both connected to the first surface and the second surface, wherein the reaction vessel is formed on the first surface, and is recessed in a direction toward the second surface; one end of the first flow passage is exposed on a side of the casing near the first end face, while another end thereof communicates with a side of the reaction vessel near the second end face; one end of the second flow passage is exposed on the side of the casing near the first end face, while another end thereof communicates with another side of the reaction vessel near the first end face; one end of the third flow passage communicates with the another side of the reaction vessel near the first end face, while another end thereof is exposed on the side of the casing near the first end face;
wherein the casing further has two opposing side surfaces; a periphery of each of the side surfaces is connected to the first surface, the second surface, the first end face, and the second end face, wherein a distance between the two side surfaces gradually decreases in a direction from the first surface toward the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,535

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell that generates electricity through an electrochemical reaction between a fuel gas and an oxidant gas;
an oxidant gas supply piping that supplies the oxidant gas to the fuel cell;
an oxidant gas discharge piping that discharges the oxidant gas from the fuel cell;
an air compressor disposed on the oxidant gas supply piping;
a turbine disposed on the oxidant gas discharge piping and provided on the same shaft as the air compressor;
a pressure regulating valve disposed on the oxidant gas discharge piping between the fuel cell and the turbine;
a check valve that is provided between the turbine and the pressure regulating valve and that communicates with outside air so as to introduce an external air to the turbine; and
an air filter disposed at an outside air side of the check valve,
wherein a housing that constitutes the turbine has an air suction port of the turbine which is provided integrally with the housing or provided separately from the housing, and
wherein a wall of the air suction port is provided with the check valve that provides communication between an inside and an outside of the air suction port and the air filter is attached to the wall so as to cover the check valve.

US Pat. No. 10,340,534

REVISED FUEL CELL CYCLE FOR IN BLOCK REFORMING FUEL CELLS

LG FUEL CELL SYSTEMS INC....

11. A solid oxide fuel cell system comprising:a solid oxide fuel cell stack comprising at least one solid oxide fuel cell, each solid oxide fuel cell comprising an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte;
a reformer comprising cold-side channels and hot-side channels;
an anode loop for supplying fuel and reformate to the anode of each solid oxide fuel cell, said anode loop comprising:
a fuel inlet manifold in said fuel cell stack configured to supply fuel and reformate to the anode of each solid oxide fuel cell;
a fuel exhaust manifold configured to receive unused fuel from the anode of each solid oxide fuel cell;
a source of fuel;
an anode ejector configured to receive fuel from said fuel source and said fuel exhaust manifold;
the cold-side channels of said reformer configured to receive fuel from said anode ejector;
a cathode loop for supplying oxidant to the cathode of each solid oxide fuel cell, said cathode loop comprising:
an oxidant inlet manifold in said fuel cell stack configured to supply oxidant to the cathode of each solid oxide fuel cell;
an oxidant exhaust manifold in said fuel cell stack configured to receive unused oxidant from each cathode of said solid oxide fuel cells;
a source of oxidant;
a cathode ejector configured to receive oxidant from said oxidant source and said oxidant exhaust manifold and configured to supply oxidant to said oxidant inlet manifold; and
an auxiliary loop for combusting a portion of the unused fuel from said fuel exhaust manifold and a portion of the unused oxidant from said oxidant exhaust manifold, said auxiliary loop comprising:
the hot-side channels of said reformer configured to receive a portion of the unused oxidant from said oxidant exhaust manifold;
an auxiliary ejector configured to receive the oxidant from the hot-side channels of said reformer, a portion of the oxidant from said oxidant source, and a portion of the unused fuel from said fuel exhaust manifold; and
a combustor configured to receive the exhaust from said auxiliary ejector.

US Pat. No. 10,340,533

FUEL CELL STACK

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell stack comprising a fuel cell module including fuel cells stacked on one another, each fuel cell including a membrane electrode assembly having a power generation portion and two separators interposing the membrane electrode assembly,each fuel cell including a gas introduction hole from which power generation gas is introduced, a gas discharge hole from which the power generation gas is discharged, a coolant introduction hole from which a coolant is introduced, and a coolant discharge hole from which the coolant is discharged,
the two separators in each fuel cell interposing the power generation portion and being provided therebetween with a gas passage communicating with the gas introduction hole and the gas discharge hole,
each fuel cell including a gas seal portion for preventing the power generation gas from flowing out of the gas introduction hole, the gas discharge hole, and the gas passage, and a coolant seal portion for preventing the coolant from flowing into a space between the separators and the membrane electrode assembly,
the fuel cells adjacent to each other in the fuel cell module being provided therebetween with a coolant passage which communicates with the coolant introduction hole and the coolant discharge hole and has a power generation portion cooling portion for cooling the power generation portion,
the gas seal portion including a gas seal projection which projects from at least one of the two separators toward the membrane electrode assembly in each fuel cell and said gas seal portion is provided with a recess serving as the coolant passage on a side opposite to the membrane electrode assembly,
the coolant seal portion including a coolant seal projection which projects from the at least one of the two separators toward the membrane electrode assembly in each fuel cell and said coolant seal portion is provided with a recess serving as the coolant passage on the side opposite to the membrane electrode assembly,
at least one of the gas seal projection and the coolant seal projection being provided with a resistance portion configured to suppress a flow of the coolant out of the power generation portion cooling portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,532

SEPARATOR FOR FUEL CELL, FUEL CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING FUEL CELL

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A separator for a fuel cell, comprising:a corrugated portion formed to have a corrugated cross section where a first groove that is concave to a first surface to form a flow path for a first fluid on the first surface and a second groove that is concave to a second surface opposite to the first surface to form a flow path for a second fluid on the second surface are arranged alternately and repeatedly, wherein
each of the second grooves has at least one shallower groove section formed to have less depth from the second surface than a depth of a remaining groove section and provided to form a communication flow channel on the first surface side, which is arranged to communicate between two flow path spaces for the first fluid that are adjacent to each other across the shallower groove section,
the shallower groove section included in each of the second grooves is formed at a position aligned with the shallower groove section included in another adjacent second groove, and
the shallower groove section is formed to have a cross section with a smaller curvature radius or a smaller draft angle on a downstream side of flow of the first fluid in the communication flow channel than a curvature radius or a draft angle on an upstream side.

US Pat. No. 10,340,531

LI—SI—SN ALLOY, ANODE MATERIAL OF THE ALLOY, AND BATTERIES INCLUDING SAME

EaglePicher Technologies ...

1. An anode material for use in batteries, the anode material comprising:an alloy including lithium, silicon and tin, and free lithium mixed with the alloy, wherein the alloy comprises:
about 40 wt % of lithium,
about 32.5 wt % of silicon, and
about 27.5 wt % of tin,
wherein a battery results in a peak open circuit voltage of 2.05 Volts and a peak closed circuit voltage of 2.00 Volts upon incorporation of the anode material and wherein the alloy is produced by simultaneous addition of at least two selected from the group consisting of lithium, silicon and tin, to a molten metal to provide a composition, the molten metal being one of molten lithium and molten tin, and
each of the two, which are added simultaneously, being different from the molten metal; and
the alloy being formed by cooling of the composition, subsequent grinding of the composition into a powdered form, and pressing of the powdered form together to form a pellet, and the anode of the battery includes the pellet.

US Pat. No. 10,340,530

ALKALINE DRY CELL

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An alkaline dry cell comprising:a bottomed cylindrical cell case;
a positive electrode packed in the cell case, and is made of a stack of n pieces of hollow cylindrical pellets;
a negative electrode disposed in a hollow portion of the pellets;
a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; and
an alkaline electrolytic solution,
wherein a thickness of a body portion of the cell case is 0.08 to 0.16 mm,
the positive electrode includes manganese dioxide and a conductive agent,
n is an integer of 3 or more,
an average density dm of manganese dioxide of the n pieces of the pellets is 2.80 to 3.00 g/cm3, and
a density dc of manganese dioxide of at least one pellet positioned in a middle portion in a height direction of the stack is 2.75 g/cm3 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,340,529

FUEL CELL

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A fuel cell comprising an anode, a cathode supplied with an oxidant gas, a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the anode and the cathode, and a current collecting member disposed on the cathode, wherein the cathode contains a perovskite composite oxide as a principal component and contains a compound that includes at least one of S and Cr as a secondary component, a surface of the cathode facing the current collecting member includes a first region that is electrically and physically connected to the current collecting member and a second region that is separated from the current collecting member, the first region and the second region respectively contain a main phase that is configured from the perovskite composite oxide and a secondary phase that is configured from the compound, and an occupied surface area ratio of the secondary phase in the first region is greater than an occupied surface area ratio of the secondary phase in the second region.

US Pat. No. 10,340,528

THREE-DIMENSIONAL ION TRANSPORT NETWORKS AND CURRENT COLLECTORS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS

California Institute of T...

1. An electrode comprising:a. a plurality of layers of a first type comprising an active material, wherein at least two of said layers of the first type include a plurality of ion-conducting conduits, each ion-conducting conduit having a longitudinal axis and being filled with an electrolyte or an electrolyte in a porous carrier material; wherein each of the layers of the first type is provided along a layer alignment axis that is substantially parallel to each other layer alignment axis; and
b. at least one layer of a second type comprising additional electrolyte wherein each layer of the first type is separated from each adjacent layer of the first type by at least one layer of the second type; wherein the plurality of layers of the first type and the at least one layer of the second type are substantially parallel to each other;
wherein said ion-conducting conduits are in ionic communication with at least one layer of the second type.

US Pat. No. 10,340,527

LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

HITACHI CHEMICAL COMPANY,...

1. A lithium-ion secondary battery comprising:a positive electrode including a positive current collector and a sulfur-based positive active material containing at least sulfur (S);
a negative electrode including a negative current collector and a silicon-based negative active material containing at least silicon (Si) or a tin-based negative active material containing tin (Sn); and
a separator, wherein:
the positive current collector is made of an aluminum perforated foil having a plurality of through holes formed to pierce the foil from a front surface to a back surface thereof;
the negative current collector is made of a copper foil having a plurality of through holes; and
the positive electrode and the negative electrode are stacked via the separator;
the through holes formed in the aluminum perforated foil and the through holes formed in the copper foil each have a density of 1×104 holes/m2 or more and a hole opening rate of 3 to 50%; and
when the respective average inside diameters of the through holes formed in the aluminum perforated foil and the through holes formed in the copper foil are defined as R (?m), the respective hole opening rates of the aluminum perforated foil and the copper foil are indicated by the following expression:

US Pat. No. 10,340,525

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY POSITIVE ELECTRODE AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.,...

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery positive electrode comprising:a positive electrode active material layer which includes:
a positive electrode active material containing a lithium transition metal oxide;
a tungsten compound;
a phosphoric acid compound not in contact with the positive electrode active material; and
an electrically conductive agent in contact with the tungsten compound and the phosphoric acid compound.

US Pat. No. 10,340,524

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY AND LITHIUM BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A negative electrode for a lithium battery, comprising:a lithium metal; and
a protective layer disposed on at least a part of the lithium metal, wherein the protective layer comprises a block copolymer comprising a structural block and a hard block covalently linked to the structural block,
wherein the structural block is derived from at least one polymer selected from polystyrene, hydrogenated polystyrene, polyvinylpyridine, polyvinyl cyclohexane, polyethylene, polybutylene, polypropylene, poly(4-methylpentene-1), poly(polybutylene terephthalate), poly(polyethylene terephthalate), polyvinyl cyclohexane, polymaleic acid, poly(maleic anhydride), polyvinylidenefluoride, and polydivinylbenzene, or a copolymer derived from at least two of said polymers,
wherein the structural block comprises a plurality of structural repeating units,
wherein the hard block consists of a plurality of olefin repeating units, and
wherein a mixed weight ratio of the structural block and the hard block is in a range of about 1:1 to about 1:4.

US Pat. No. 10,340,523

ADVANCED GRAPHITE ADDITIVE FOR ENHANCED CYCLE-LIFE OF DEEP DISCHARGE LEAD-ACID BATTERIES

EXIDE TECHNOLOGIES, Milt...

1. A deep discharge lead acid cell, comprising:a first electrode comprising lead;
a second electrode comprising lead dioxide;
a separator between the electrode comprising lead and the electrode comprising lead dioxide;
an aqueous solution electrolyte containing sulfuric acid; and
a carbon-based additive having a specific surface area of approximately 250 to 550 m2/g wherein the carbon-based additive is a disordered carbon additive in negative active material with (i) crystallinity of 60% or lower, (ii) degradation onset temperature of 650° C. or lower; and (iii) degradation temperature range of a minimum 170° C. or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,340,522

BINDER COMPOSITION FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE BINDER COMPOSITION, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE ELECTRODE

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A binder composition for a lithium secondary battery, the binder composition comprising an interpenetrating network structure that includes:a cyclic polymer, the cyclic polymer including a repeating unit represented by Formula 1 or a repeating unit represented by Formula 2; and
a copolymer, the copolymer including a repeating unit represented by Formula 3 and a repeating unit represented by Formula 4,
wherein an amount of the repeating unit represented by Formula 3 is about 40 mol % to about 70 mol %, based on a total amount of the copolymer:

wherein, in Formulae 1 and 2, R1, R2, R11, R12, R14, and R15 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C5 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkynyl group, or —(CH2)p—COOX1, in which p is an integer of 1 to 5 and X1 is an alkali metal,
R3, R13, and R16 are each independently —OR4, —NHR5, or —COOX2,
R4 is a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C5 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkynyl group, or —(CH2)p—COOX1, in which p is an integer of 1 to 5 and X1 is an alkali metal,
R5 is a hydrogen atom or —COCH3,
X2 is an alkali metal, and
n and m are each independently an integer of 5 to 20,000,

wherein, in Formula 3, R6 and R7 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkenyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkynyl group,

wherein, in Formula 4, R4 and R5 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkenyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C5 alkynyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,340,521

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.,...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising a positive electrode containing a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode containing a negative electrode active material, a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and a nonaqueous electrolyte, wherein the positive electrode active material is a layered lithium transition metal oxide, the positive electrode active material has a crystallite size of 140 nm or less, the negative electrode active material contains at least carbon, and the nonaqueous electrolyte contains 2 to 30% by volume of fluoroethylene carbonate,the positive electrode active material containing Ni and at least one additional metal element other than Li, wherein the percentage of Ni relative to a total number of moles of the at least one additional metal element other than Li is 50% or more by mole, and
wherein the positive electrode active material is LixNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 (1.0?x?1.1).

US Pat. No. 10,340,520

NANOCOMPOSITE BATTERY ELECTRODE PARTICLES WITH CHANGING PROPERTIES

Sila Nanotechnologies, In...

1. A battery electrode composition comprising composite particles, each composite particle comprising:a high-capacity active material provided to store and release ions during battery operation, wherein the active material exhibits (i) a specific capacity of at least 220 mAh/g as a cathode active material or (ii) a specific capacity of at least 400 mAh/g as an anode active material;
a porous, electrically-conductive scaffolding matrix material within the pores of which the active material is disposed; and
a shell at least partially encasing the active material and the scaffolding matrix material,
wherein each composite particle includes a first region from the center to a first radius that is halfway to a perimeter of the scaffolding matrix material and a second region from the center to a second radius at the perimeter the scaffolding matrix material, and
wherein each composite particle exhibits at least one average material property that is different in the first and second regions and that changes from the center to the perimeter of the scaffolding matrix material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,519

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR ELECTRIC DEVICE AND ELECTRIC DEVICE USING THE SAME

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A negative electrode active material for electric device comprising a silicon-containing alloy havinga composition represented by the following Chemical Formula (1):
SixSnyMzAlwAa  (1)
wherein A is unavoidable impurities, M is one or two or more transition metal elements, x, y, z, w and a represent values of percent by mass, wherein 0 a structure wherein an a-Si phase containing amorphous or low crystalline silicon containing tin in a silicon crystal structure in form of a solid solution is dispersed in a silicide phase containing a silicide of a transition metal as a main component.

US Pat. No. 10,340,518

ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY CONTAINING SAME

UNIST(ULSAN NATIONAL INST...

1. An anode active material for a lithium secondary battery, comprising:carbon particles having a spherical shape;
a first carbon coating layer present on surfaces of the carbon particles;
a silicon coating layer present on the first carbon coating layer and including silicon nanoparticles; and
a second carbon coating layer present on the silicon coating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,517

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A method for preparing a positive electrode active material comprising:mixing a precursor of a metal for a positive electrode active material with a nanosol of a ceramic-based ion conductor to adsorb the nanosol of the ceramic-based ion conductor on the precursor surface; and
mixing the nanosol of the ceramic-based ion conductor-adsorbed precursor with a lithium raw material, and heat treating the resultant to prepare a positive electrode active material including lithium complex metal oxide particles, wherein the lithium complex metal oxide present on a surface side of the lithium complex metal oxide particles is doped with a metal element of the ceramic-based ion conductor, and
wherein the nanosol of the ceramic-based ion conductor is prepared by dissolving and reacting a precursor of a metal for forming a ceramic-based ion conductor in a glycol-based solvent, and then adding water thereto,
the method further comprising a process of heat treatment at a temperature from 120° C. to a boiling point of a glycol-based solvent after dissolving the precursor of the metal for forming a ceramic-based ion conductor and prior to adding water.

US Pat. No. 10,340,516

POSITIVELY CHARGED SILICON FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

UMICORE, Brussels (BE)

1. A negative electrode material for a lithium rechargeable battery, the material comprising a core comprising silicon, wherein the core has an average particle size between 20 nm and 200 nm, wherein the surface of the core is at least partly covered by a coating comprising inorganic nanoparticles, and wherein the material has a positive zeta potential in an interval between pH 3.5 and 9.5.

US Pat. No. 10,340,515

CARBON-COATED LITHIUM SULPHIDE

ROCKWOOD LITHIUM GMBH, F...

1. A process for producing an active material for a battery, wherein the process comprises:(a) providing lithium sulfide particles,
(b) optionally drying and/or comminution of the lithium sulfide particles,
(c) adding at least one ionic liquid, optionally in an organic solvent, to the lithium sulfide particles and mixing to obtain a mixture,
(d) heating the mixture of (c), optionally under protective gas, to a temperature above a decomposition limit of the at least one ionic liquid and below a decomposition temperature of the lithium sulfide particles, as a result of which the at least one ionic liquid decomposes to carbon, which deposits as a homogeneous layer on a surface of the lithium sulfide particles,
(e) optionally comminution of the product of (d) to break up agglomerates.

US Pat. No. 10,340,514

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A lithium ion secondary battery comprising a positive electrode containing a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode, and an electrolyte,wherein the negative electrode comprises a negative electrode active material layer containing a negative electrode active material comprising silicon (Si) as a constituent element, wherein a coating comprising iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and oxygen (O) as constituent elements is formed on a surface of the negative electrode active material layer, and a ratio (Fe/Si) of Fe of the coating to Si of the negative electrode active material layer is in a range of 0.001% by mass or more and 1.0% by mass or less; and
the positive electrode active material comprises a lithium iron manganese-based composite oxide having a layered rock-salt structure and represented by the following formula (1):
LixM1yM2z-sFesO2-?  (1)
wherein x, y, z, s and ?satisfy conditions of 1.05?x?1.32, 0.33?y?0.63, 0.06?z?0.50, 0.06?s?0.50, z?s, and 0???0.80, M1 represents at least one metal element selected from Mn, Ti and Zr, and including Mn, and M2 represents at least one metal element selected from Co, Ni and Mn.

US Pat. No. 10,340,513

POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY, POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A positive active material for a lithium-ion secondary battery, the positive active material comprising:a lithium composite oxide particle represented by the following general formula (I):
Lix(Mn2?(a+b+c+d)NiaTibFecMd)(O4?yFy)  (I)
wherein
0.4 0.01?b<0.2,
0.01?c<0.1,
0?d<0.2,
0.9 0.05?y?0.2, and
when 0 the lithium composite oxide particle contains a spinel crystal phase as a first oxide phase and a layered crystal phase as a second oxide phase,
the lithium composite oxide particle includes a particle center portion and a surface layer portion that is closer to a surface of the lithium composite oxide particle than the particle center portion is, and
a fluorine atom concentration Fc (at %) of the particle center portion measured by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy is lower than a fluorine atom concentration Fs (at %) of the surface layer portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,512

COMPOSITE MADE OF POROUS CARBON AND SULFER-CONTAINING ACTIVE MATERIAL AS WELL AS METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

1. A method for producing a composite consisting of porous carbon and sulfur-containing active material, said method comprising:(a) providing a carbon powder of porous carbon;
(b) preparing a dispersion of the carbon powder, the sulfur-containing active material, and an aqueous medium;
(c) performing a hydrothermal treatment of the dispersion at a temperature sufficient for melting sulfur so as to form a liquid phase containing sulfur melt and water and to cause infiltration of pores of the porous carbon with the liquid phase; and
(d) removing the water and insulating the composite; and wherein a weight ratio of a weight of the aqueous medium to a weight of solid phase in the dispersion is between 0.5:1 and 3:1;
wherein the provision of the carbon powder comprises a template method in which a carbon skeleton is built up around a structure-directing template of a porous SiO2 soot template material, and the template material is thereupon removed.

US Pat. No. 10,340,511

ELECTRODE, NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, BATTERY PACK AND VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An electrode comprising:a current collector; and
an active material-containing layer which is provided on the current collector and comprises active material particles and insulator particles,
the active material-containing layer having a first face facing the current collector and a second face as a surface of the active material-containing layer, the second face comprising a surface of a part of the insulator particles,
wherein a volume ratio of the insulator particles decreases from the second face toward the first face in the active material-containing layer, and
wherein the insulator particles are present in a region of the active material-containing layer from the second face up to a level in the active material-containing layer, and a distance from the first face to the level is T1, and the distance T1 is within the range of 0.01?T1/T ?0.9, wherein T is a distance from the first face to the second face of the active material-containing layer, and
wherein the average particle size of the insulator particles falls within a range from 10 nm to 70 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,340,510

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, PREPARING METHOD THEREOF, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING POSITIVE ELECTRODE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A positive electrode active material for a lithium secondary battery, the positive electrode active material comprising nickel, cobalt, and manganese,wherein:
the positive electrode active material has a core part and a surface part,
an amount of manganese in the core part and the surface part is higher than 25 mol %,
amounts of nickel and cobalt in the positive electrode active material vary such that a concentration gradient of the nickel and the cobalt in a direction from the core part to the surface part is present in the positive electrode active material,
the amount of nickel in the core part is about 50 mol % or higher, and
the amount of nickel in the surface part is in a range of about 30 mol % to about 40 mol %.

US Pat. No. 10,340,509

ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND BATTERY

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electrode assembly comprising:an assembly including:
an active material section including an active material constituted of a transition metal oxide, the active material section including multiple through holes therein;
a solid electrolyte section including a solid electrolyte having an ion-conducting property; and
a multiple oxide section including at least one of a metal multiple oxide represented by Formula (II) or a derivative thereof, the multiple oxide section being formed in a lamellar form so as to cover the active material section and cover surfaces of the multiple through holes; and
a collector provided on at least one of the active material section and the multiple oxide section,
wherein the Formula (II) is:
Ln2Li0.5M0.5O4   (II)
where Ln represents a lanthanoid element, and M represents a transition metal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,508

POROUS SILICON OXIDE (SIO) ANODE ENABLED BY A CONDUCTIVE POLYMER BINDER AND PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT BY STABILIZED LITHIUM METAL POWER (SLMP)

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method of forming a porous laminate comprising a copper foil current collector in electrical contact with a covering layer of a composition of matter comprising an active electrode material silicon monoxide (SiO), a porous conductive binder, and a stabilized lithium metal powder (SLMP), wherein silicon monoxide (SiO) in powder form is combined with stabilized lithium metal powder (SLMP) in powder form, sodium chloride (NaCl) particles, and the conductive binder, the four components mixed in an organic solvent to form a slurry, the slurry then deposited onto the copper foil current collector, followed by drying, the dried laminate is then soaked in a methanol/water mixture to dissolve the NaCl particles, followed by drying, and wherein the conductive binder is porous with an average pore size of about 10-50 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,340,507

METHOD OF PREPARING AND APPLICATION OF CARBON SELENIUM COMPOSITES

Institute of Chemistry, C...

1. A method of preparing a selenium carbon composite material, comprising:(a) carbonizing an alkali metal organic salt or an alkaline earth metal organic salt at high temperature, washing with an acid, and drying to obtain a two-dimensional carbon nanomaterial;
(b) mixing the two-dimensional carbon material obtained in step (a) with an organic solvent and selenium, heating the mixture to evaporate the organic solvent, and then going through multistage heat ramping and soaking processes to achieve the two-dimensional selenium carbon composite material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,506

POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A composite positive electrode material for a lithium ion secondary battery, the positive electrode comprising:a positive electrode particle comprising a positive active material particle, wherein the positive electrode particle comprises
a first coating layer on a surface of the positive active material particle wherein the first coating layer comprises a carbonaceous material, and
a second coating layer on the first coating layer, wherein the second coating layer comprises a lithium-containing compound; and
a sulfide solid electrolyte contacting the second coating layer of the positive electrode particle,
wherein the lithium-containing compound of the second coating layer comprises a lithium-containing oxide, a lithium-containing phosphorus oxide, or a combination thereof,
wherein the lithium-containing oxide is a lithium zirconium oxide, a lithium niobium oxide, a lithium titanium oxide, a lithium aluminum oxide, or a combination thereof, and
wherein the lithium-containing phosphorus oxide is a lithium titanium phosphorus oxide, a lithium zirconium phosphorus oxide, or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,340,505

PRODUCTION METHOD OF ELECTRODE LAMINATE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A method for producing an electrode laminate having a current collector layer, an active material layer, and a solid electrolyte layer, comprising:applying an active material slurry onto a surface of the current collector layer to form an active material slurry layer, and
applying an electrolyte slurry onto a surface of the active material slurry layer to form an electrolyte slurry layer,
wherein a dispersion medium of the active material slurry contains butyl butyrate and heptane, wherein a mass % concentration of heptane in the dispersion medium of the active material slurry is more than 0 mass % and 60 mass % or less based on the weight of the dispersion medium in the active material slurry,
wherein a dispersion medium of the electrolyte slurry contains butyl butyrate and heptane, and
wherein the mass % concentration of heptane in the dispersion medium of the active material slurry layer is higher than the mass % concentration of heptane in the dispersion medium of the electrolyte slurry.

US Pat. No. 10,340,503

POUCH-SHAPED SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING ELECTRODE LEAD HAVING NOTCH FORMED THEREIN

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A pouch-shaped secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly in which a positive electrode and a negative electrode are stacked with a separator interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode;
an electrode lead electrically connected to electrode tabs of the electrode assembly;
a pouch-shaped battery case made of a laminate sheet including an outer coating layer, a metal layer, and an inner sealant layer; and
a lead box disposed on a sealed portion of the battery case for receiving the electrode lead,
wherein the electrode lead includes a lower electrode lead, which is electrically connected to the electrode tabs, and an upper electrode lead, a portion of which is coupled to the lower electrode lead, and
wherein the portion of the upper electrode lead includes a notch that is configured to rupture and electrically separate the upper electrode lead and the lower electrode lead when a pressure difference between a space within the lead box above the upper electrode lead and a space within the lead box below the lower electrode lead exceeds a predetermined pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,340,502

SECONDARY BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A secondary battery provided with a current interrupt device that interrupts a flow of current between a battery element and an external terminal provided outside of an exterior body within which the battery element is housed, when an internal pressure of the exterior body rises, comprising:a sealing body that is arranged in an open portion provided in the exterior body;
a rivet member that is electrically connected to the external terminal, and passes through a through-hole provided in the sealing body and extends into the exterior body;
a gasket that thermally contacts the rivet member, and is fixed in a state compressed and deformed between the sealing body and the rivet member;
a holder member that retains a collector member that is connected to the battery element inside the exterior body;
a reversing plate that is connected to the rivet member and the collector member, and deforms away from the collector member and toward the rivet member when the internal pressure of the exterior body rises; and
a heat accumulation portion that thermally contacts the rivet member and has a thermal conductivity equal to or greater than the thermal conductivity of the rivet member,
wherein the rivet member includes an opposing portion that faces the sealing body from a distance inside the exterior body, and a peripheral edge portion that is positioned on a peripheral edge of the opposing portion;
the holder member includes an extending portion that is arranged sandwiching the gasket on a side opposite the through-hole, and extends toward the gasket;
an outer peripheral edge of the reversing plate is connected by welding to the peripheral edge portion of the rivet member; and
the heat accumulation portion is sandwiched between the opposing portion of the rivet member and the extending portion of the holder member.

US Pat. No. 10,340,501

ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. An electrical energy storage device comprising a current interruption device configured to interrupt conduction between an electrode and an electrode terminal when pressure in a casing exceeds a predetermined value, whereinthe electrode is accommodated in the casing, and
the electrode terminal is fixed to the casing and configured to transfer electricity with the electrode,
wherein
the current interruption device comprises:
a first conductive member fixed to the casing and connected to the electrode terminal;
a second conductive member disposed at a position spaced from and opposed to the first conductive member, and connected to the electrode;
a first deformable member disposed between the first conductive member and the second conductive member, an end of the first deformable member being connected to the first conductive member, a center portion of the first deformable member being connected to the second conductive member, and the first deformable member being configured to be brought out of conduction with the second conductive member when the pressure in the casing exceeds the predetermined value;
a second deformable member disposed on a side opposite to the first deformable member relative to the second conductive member, and being provided with a projection, on a second conductive member side, that has a shape projecting toward the second conductive member; and
a first seal member disposed between the first conductive member and the second conductive member and keeping an inside of the current interruption device airtight against an outside of the current interruption device,
wherein
a second seal member disposed between the casing and the first conductive member and keeping an inside of the casing airtight against an outside of the casing, and
a second gas permeability between the casing and the first conductive member which is where the second seal member seals is less than a first gas permeability between the first conductive member and the second conductive member which is where the first seal member seals.

US Pat. No. 10,340,500

POUCH BATTERY HAVING IMPROVED OVERCHARGING SAFETY

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A pouch battery having improved overcharging safety, comprising:an electrode assembly configured to include a cathode plate and an anode plate;
a pouch configured to receive the electrode assembly;
a connecting terminal configured to be electrically connected to or disconnected from the electrode assembly;
a lead tab configured to be electrically connected to the connecting terminal and extending toward an outside of the pouch; and
a current interrupt device (CID) configured to be received in the pouch and have a shape changed according to a change in an internal pressure of the pouch to separate the connecting terminal from the electrode assembly,
wherein the CID includes a body having:
a first port configured to allow communication between an internal space of the pouch and an internal space of the body; and
a second port configured to allow communication between the internal space of the body and the outside of the pouch,
wherein the first port is configured to be opened by a difference between the internal pressure inside the internal space of the pouch and an internal pressure inside the internal space of the body, and
wherein the second port is configured to be opened by a difference between the internal pressure inside the internal space of the body and an external pressure in the outside of the pouch.

US Pat. No. 10,340,499

SEALED SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A sealed secondary battery comprisingan electrode unit as a power generator having a positive electrode and a negative electrode,
a battery case housing the electrode unit,
an electrode terminal electrically connected to the electrode unit, and
a current cutoff mechanism that is arranged in a conductive path between the electrode unit and the electrode terminal to cutoff the conductive path when a pressure rise occurs inside the battery case,
with the current cutoff mechanism comprising
a current collector that is a plate-shaped member electrically connected to the electrode unit and has a thin portion formed relatively thinner than its surrounding, and
a current breaking valve that is a plate-shaped member having a ring-shaped flange electrically connected to the electrode terminal and a concavity descending from the flange toward the thin portion, is placed opposite the thin portion of the current collector, and is in contact at the concavity with the thin portion,
wherein, the concavity of the current breaking valve is configured to comprise a sloped side wall which tapers with decreasing diameter from the inner circumference of the ring-shaped flange to the thin portion and further comprise a dome descending in a spherical cap shape from a rim of the sloped side wall toward the thin portion,
an angle ? between the sloped side wall and a line extending orthogonally from the current corrector and intersecting the inner circumference of the ring-shaped flange satisfies 60°???75°,
the spherical cap-shaped dome has a sphere radius R of 30 mm or larger, but smaller than 100 mm, and
in a planer view along a rotation axis L of the sloped side wall, the outer circumference of the dome is located outside the outer circumference of the thin portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,498

ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY WITH TAB-LEAD COUPLER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A battery cell, comprising:an electrode assembly including electrode plates respectively having an electrode tab protruding therefrom and separators, which are alternately stacked on one another in a vertical direction, the electrode tabs being in a bent state and bent relative to the respective electrode plates in the vertical direction of the electrode assembly, the electrode assembly including an electrode lead coupled with an end of the bent electrode tab to form a tab-lead coupler, the tab-lead coupler having an end surrounded by an insulating cap; and
a battery case configured to accommodate the electrode assembly so that the electrode lead is partially exposed outwards,
wherein, when the electrode assembly is assembled within the battery case, the tab-lead coupler is located on an extension line of an outermost electrode plate of the electrode assembly and extends in parallel to an outer surface of the outermost electrode plate, which is located at a side where the electrode tabs are bent, and the tab-lead coupler is opposite to one side of the electrode assembly having the protruded electrode tab, the insulating cap surrounding the end of the tab-lead coupler contacting the outermost electrode plate of the electrode assembly,
wherein the separator is larger than the electrode plate, and the electrode tab is bent toward the tab-lead coupler without coming into contact with an end of the electrode plate by means of an excess portion of the separator elongated farther than the electrode plate, and
wherein the excess portion of the separator is in a bent state and bent relative to the electrode plates toward the tab-lead coupler together with the electrode tabs such that the electrode tabs are bent while being in tight contact with one side of the electrode assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,340,497

SECONDARY BATTERY

NINGDE AMPEREX TECHNOLOGY...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:a cell, comprising:
a positive electrode plate having a positive current collector; and
a negative electrode plate having a negative current collector;
wherein
the secondary battery further comprises:
a first positive electrode tab and a second positive electrode tab, one end of the first positive electrode tab is fixed on and electrically connects with the positive current collector, the other end of the first positive electrode tab extends to the outside of the cell, one end of the second positive electrode tab is fixed on and electrically connects with the other end of the first positive electrode tab, a width of the second positive electrode tab is less than a width of the first positive electrode tab, and a thickness of the second positive electrode tab is larger than a thickness of the first positive electrode tab, the first positive electrode tab is fixed on the positive current collector by ultrasonic welding, uneven points are formed on a first surface of the first positive electrode tab at a part where the first positive electrode tab and the positive current collector are fixed together by the ultrasonic welding, an adhesive tape is bonded on the uneven points formed on the first surface, and a roughness of a first back surface which is opposite to the first surface of the positive current collector is between 1.5 ?m and 10 ?m; and/or
a first negative electrode tab and a second negative electrode tab, one end of the first negative electrode tab is fixed on and electrically connects with the negative current collector, the other end of the first negative electrode tab extends to the outside the cell, one end of the second negative electrode tab is fixed on and electrically connects with the other end of the first negative electrode tab, a width of the second negative electrode tab is less than a width of the first negative electrode tab, and a thickness of the second negative electrode tab is larger than a thickness of first negative electrode tab, the first negative electrode tab is fixed on the negative current collector by ultrasonic welding, uneven points are formed on a second surface of the first negative electrode tab at a part where the first negative electrode tab and the negative current collector are fixed together by the ultrasonic welding, an adhesive tape is bonded on the uneven points formed on the second surface, and a roughness of a second back surface which is opposite to the second surface of the negative current collector is between 1.5 ?m and 10 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,340,496

CONNECTING POLE FOR A RECHARGEABLE BATTERY, RECHARGEABLE BATTERY HOUSING AND MACHINE FOR PRODUCING A CONNECTING POLE

9. A connecting pole for a rechargeable battery, the connecting pole comprising:a connecting section in which a pole terminal can be attached to the connecting pole,
an attachment section in which the connecting pole can be attached to a battery housing,
a labyrinth section,
an inner wall wherein the entirety of the inner wall has a smooth surface, and
one or more peripheral projections provided on an outer wall of the connecting pole in the labyrinth section,
wherein at least two adjacently arranged peripheral projections are flanged in pairs in the mutually facing direction, wherein at least one flanged projection forms a hook-shaped profile and the peripheral projection has an asymmetrical profile.

US Pat. No. 10,340,495

POWER STORAGE UNIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A flexible power storage unit comprising:a flexible external body;
a positive electrode provided inside the flexible external body, the positive electrode including a positive electrode tab portion protruding in a first direction;
a negative electrode provided inside the flexible external body, the negative electrode including a negative electrode tab portion protruding in the first direction;
a first lead electrode provided on the positive electrode tab portion, the first lead electrode having:
a first region over and in contact with the positive electrode tab portion;
a first folded portion at which the first lead electrode is folded on the positive electrode tab portion; and
a second region being adjacent to the first folded portion of the first lead electrode and provided over the first region of the first lead electrode; and
a second lead electrode provided on the negative electrode tab portion, the second lead electrode having:
a first region over and in contact with a first folded portion at which the second lead electrode is folded on the negative electrode tab portion; and
a second region being adjacent to the first folded portion of the second lead electrode and provided over the first region of the second lead electrode,
wherein the first folded portion, the first region, and a first part of the second region of the first lead electrode, the first folded portion, the first region, and a first part of the second region of the second lead electrode, the positive electrode tab portion, and the negative electrode tab portion are provided inside the flexible external body.

US Pat. No. 10,340,494

ELECTRICAL BUS BAR COMPRISING A SENSOR UNIT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An electrical bus bar for conveying an electric current from a first electrical device to a second electrical device, comprising:a base body, which is formed from an electrically conductive material and has a first terminal for connection to the first electrical device and a second terminal for connection to the second electrical device; and
a sensor unit with a fastening surface, which has at least one sensor element for detecting or recording a physical parameter of the bus bar, wherein the base body has a recess provided with a support surface, into which the sensor unit is depressed and fastened thereto by the fastening surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,491

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEPARATION FILM AND THE SEPARATION FILM, AND BATTERY USING SAME

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

9. An electrochemical battery including a cathode, an anode, a separator, and an electrolyte,wherein the separator is the polyolefin separator according to claim 1.

US Pat. No. 10,340,490

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR BATTERY CASE LID INCLUDING EXPLOSION-PROOF VALVE

SOODE NAGANO CO., LTD., ...

1. A manufacturing method for a battery case lid including an explosion-proof valve, the manufacturing method comprising:pushing an extending punch from a first side of a metal plate disposed over an extending die having a recess, to form a reduced thickness section constituting the explosion-proof valve, wherein
the recess has an inner diameter greater than an outer diameter of the extending punch, and
an external corner portion of the recess and a top section on a side face of the extending punch have a peripheral portion arc-shaped in cross section, the top section being formed by an end of the extending punch facing the recess, wherein
a clearance between a side face of the recess of the extending die and an outer periphery at the top section on the side face of the extending punch is set to be smaller than a thickness of the metal plate, and wherein
the extending punch is pushed while the metal plate is kept unrestrained, and a portion of the metal plate that first starts moving is sandwiched between an inner periphery at the external corner portion of the recess and the outer periphery at the top section on the side face of the extending punch, and
the metal plate is pressed to be extended between a bottom face of the recess and a pressing face of the extending punch, to form the reduced thickness section and a cylindrical wall portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,489

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly;
a case accommodating the electrode assembly; and
a cap assembly coupled to a top portion of the case, the cap assembly comprising a cap-up, a safety vent under the cap-up, a cap-down under the safety vent, an insulator between the safety vent and the cap-down, and a sub-plate on a bottom surface of the cap-down, laser patterns formed by using a laser beam being on a bottom surface of the safety vent and a top surface of the cap-down,
wherein the laser patterns on the safety vent have a ring shape extending along an outer peripheral edge of the safety vent, and
wherein the laser patterns comprise a first laser pattern and a second laser pattern, the second laser pattern being spaced from the first laser pattern with a smooth portion of the safety vent therebetween, the second laser pattern being at an exterior side of the first laser pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,340,488

BATTERY PACK

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a case configured to accommodate a plurality of battery modules, each of the plurality of battery modules including a plurality of battery cells;
at least one of the plurality of battery modules; and
a protection cover coupled to the case and configured to be capable of opening or closing, the protection cover being further configured to protect an installation member installed in the case,
wherein the protection cover is pivotally coupled to the case,
wherein the protection cover is separable from the case, depending on a pivoting angle of the protection cover, and
wherein the at least one of the plurality of battery modules is in the case.

US Pat. No. 10,340,487

CONTACTING APPARATUS FOR CONTACTING AN ENERGY STORAGE CELL

1. A contacting apparatus for contacting a cylindrical energy storage cell having at least one electric pole and an outer peripheral surface, the contacting apparatus comprising:at least one printed circuit board which is provided for discharging the electrical energy stored in the energy storage cell, the circuit board including an electrically conductive layer which is located on a front side of the at least one printed circuit board facing the energy storage cell;
a releasable mechanical connection configured and operable to press the at least one electric pole with a predetermined contact pressing force against said electrically conductive layer of the at least one printed circuit board; and
at least one circumferential groove defined in the peripheral surface of the cylindrical energy storage cell,
wherein said releasable mechanical connection includes at least one clip having at least one clip hook configured to be engaged in said at least one circumferential groove.

US Pat. No. 10,340,486

CONNECTION DEVICE FOR A BATTERY

Zodiac Aero Electric, Mo...

1. A battery pack comprising:a first plurality of accumulators distributed in rows;
a first support arranged along a first row of accumulators of the first plurality of accumulators;
first conductive strips attached to the accumulators of the first row and extending on the first support;
a first guide, the first support being capable of sliding in the first guide;
a first metal strip extending in the first guide;
first deformable electric connectors, interposed between the first metal strip and the first conductive strips, attached to the first metal strip and capable of coming into contact with the first conductive strips when the first support is fully inserted into the first guide;
first metal portions distributed along the first metal strip and in contact with the first metal strip;
second conductive strips attached to the accumulators of a second row of accumulators of the first plurality of accumulators;
a second metal strip;
second deformable electric connectors attached to the second metal strip and capable of coming into contact with the second conductive strips;
a second support arranged along the second row of accumulators, the second conductive strips extending on the second support;
a second guide, the second support being capable of sliding in the second guide, the second metal strip extending in the second guide, the second deformable electric connectors being capable of coming into contact with the second conductive strips when the second support is fully inserted into the second guide; and
second metal portions distributed along the second metal strip and in contact with the second metal strip.

US Pat. No. 10,340,485

POWER STORAGE DEVICE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. A power storage device comprising:a metal tubular case body with a closed end, the case body having an opening; and
a metal lid that closes the opening, wherein
the lid includes
a lid body that closes the opening and is supported by an opening end surface of the case body, the opening end surface surrounding the opening,
an inserted portion having a shape of a column, the inserted portion protruding from the lid body toward an inner part of the case body and extending along an inner circumferential surface of the case body, and
a rounded or chamfered corner present in a distal end of the inserted portion in a protruding direction in which the inserted portion protrudes from the lid body, and
a lower limit of an edge-removal dimension of the rounded corner or the chamfered corner is equal to an average particle diameter of a material for the lid.

US Pat. No. 10,340,484

HERMETIC PACKAGING MEMBER FOR FLEXIBLE ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE INCLUDING THE HERMETIC PACKAGING MEMBER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A hermetic packaging member for packaging and sealing an electrode assembly of an electrochemical device, the hermetic packaging member comprising:an edge unit; and
a receiving unit having a predetermined depth in a thickness direction of the hermetic packaging member from the edge unit to receive the electrode assembly therein, wherein the edge unit surrounds the receiving unit when viewed from a plan view in the thickness direction,
wherein the receiving unit comprises:
a slope portion connected to the edge unit; and
a plateau portion connected to the slope portion,
wherein the slope portion comprises a plurality of ridges and a plurality of valleys defined between the plurality of ridges, and
wherein the plateau portion of the receiving unit protrudes from the edge unit in a thickness direction of the edge unit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,483

WELDING PROCESS FOR SEALING A BATTERY MODULE

CPS Technology Holdings L...

1. A battery module, comprising:a housing comprising a main body, a first protruding shelf disposed along a first perimeter of the housing, and a second protruding shelf disposed along a second perimeter of the housing, wherein the first protruding shelf and the second protruding shelf each comprise an absorptive material configured to absorb a first laser emission, the first protruding shelf comprises a first protrusion, a first lip on an external surface of the housing, and a first groove between the first protrusion and the first lip, the second protruding shelf comprises a second protrusion, a second lip, and a second groove between the second protrusion and the second lip, the first protrusion is configured to form a first molten material that collects in the first groove when exposed to the first laser emission to form a first laser weld, and the second protrusion is configured to form a second molten material that collects in the second groove when exposed to the first laser emission or a second laser emission to form a second laser weld;
an electronics compartment cover configured to be coupled to the housing via the first laser weld, wherein the electronics compartment cover comprises a first transparent material configured to transmit the first laser emission through the electronics compartment cover and toward the first protrusion, the first lip extends from the main body of the housing in a first direction, the electronics compartment cover is configured to overlap with the first lip in a second direction, and the second direction is crosswise to the first direction; and
a cell receptacle region cover configured to be coupled to the housing via the second laser weld, wherein the cell receptacle region cover comprises a second transparent material configured to transmit the first laser emission or the second laser emission through the cell receptacle region cover and toward the second protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,482

ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage apparatus, comprising:a first energy storage device and a second energy storage device which are arranged adjacent to each other in a first direction, and each of which includes an electrode assembly and a case for housing the electrode assembly;
a spacer which is arranged adjacent to the case and between the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device; and
a holder which holds the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device and the spacer,
wherein each of the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device includes:
an insulating film which covers an outer surface of the case and is adhered to at least a portion of the outer surface of the case; and
an adhesive layer which adheres the insulating film to the outer surface of the case,
wherein the spacer includes:
a plurality of first contact portions including at least one of an edge and a corner which is in contact with the outer surface of the case of the first energy storage device with the insulating film interposed therebetween; and
a plurality of second contact portions including at least one of an edge and a corner which is in contact with the outer surface of the case of the second energy storage device with the insulating film interposed therebetween,
wherein the plurality of the first contact portions and the plurality of the second contact portions are arranged alternately when viewed from a second direction orthogonal to the first direction,
wherein the insulating film of the first energy storage device is adhered to the outer surface of the case of the first energy storage device in a first adhesion zone which overlaps with at least one of the edge and the corner of the first contact portions in the first direction,
wherein the insulating film of the second energy storage device is adhered to the outer surface of the case of the second energy storage device in a second adhesion zone which overlaps with at least one of the edge and the corner of the second contact portions in the first direction,
wherein the plurality of the first contact portions and the plurality of the second contact portions form a base of the spacer, the base extending in a third direction orthogonal to the first direction and the second direction, and
wherein, in the base, the plurality of the first contact portions protrude toward the case of the first energy storage device in the first direction, and the plurality of the second contact portions protrude toward the case of the second energy storage device in a direction opposite to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,340,481

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF OLED DISPLAY PANEL

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A manufacturing method of an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display panel, comprising:a step S1 of frosting a portion of an inner surface of an encapsulation cover plate corresponding to both sides of a glass frit to-be-disposed region, wherein a frosted treatment region includes a frame-shaped first frosted region located inside the glass frit to-be-disposed region and a frame-shaped second frosted region located outside the glass frit to-be-disposed region, and each of the first frosted region and the second frosted region are closely adjacent to the glass frit to-be-disposed region through a slit;
a step S2 of disposing a light shielding film at the frosted treatment region of the inner surface of the encapsulation cover plate, wherein the light shielding film is a metal film having a light transmittance less than a first predetermined value or a non-metal film having a light transmittance less than a second predetermined value; and
a step S3 of disposing a glass frit on the glass frit to-be-disposed region, thereby forming a frame-shape sealant.

US Pat. No. 10,340,480

OLED MICROCAVITY DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION METHOD

Avalon Holographics Inc.,...

1. A non-transitory, computer readable medium comprising instructions to cause one or more processors to perform a method for obtaining fabrication specifications to fabricate a microcavity OLED tuned to a specified wavelength of light, said microcavity OLED comprising material layers including microcavity layers and reflective layers, wherein said microcavity layers and reflective layers are configured to provide a cathode layer and an anode layer with organic layers disposed there between, an optional filler layer and a Distributed Bragg Reflector (DBR), and said method comprising the processor-implemented steps of:i. calculating optical path length and mirror reflectance approximations for the cathode and DBR for a given set of microcavity OLED emission characteristics;
ii. applying a FDTD simulation to determine mirror penetration depths required for the microcavity OLED to be tuned to the specified wavelength of light using the optical path length and mirror reflectance approximations;
iii. applying a FDTD simulation to parameterize one or more of the material layers to form the microcavity layers; and
iv. using the results of the FDTD simulation to parameterize one or more of the material layers to determine the optimized thicknesses for the one or more materials layers and thereby provide fabrication specifications for the microcavity OLED.

US Pat. No. 10,340,479

ELECTROLUMINESCENCE DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An electroluminescence device comprising:a base member,
an electroluminescence element disposed on the base member, and
a sealing film to seal the electroluminescence element, wherein
the sealing film includes:
two inorganic layers, and
two organic layers disposed between the two inorganic layers,
the two organic layers are a first organic layer, and a second organic layer over the first organic layer, and
an infiltration rate of the first organic layer is higher than an infiltration rate of the second organic layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,478

ORGANIC EL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING AN ORGANIC EL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. An organic EL display device, comprising:a thin film transistor substrate including a circuit layer, a passivation layer, a lower electrode formed in each pixel in a display region, an organic material layer that is in contact with the lower electrode, an upper electrode that covers the organic material layer, and a sealing layer that entirely covers a base material, the sealing layer including a first inorganic layer and a second inorganic layer, wherein
the thin film transistor substrate has the display region, and a moisture blocking region that surrounds the display region,
on the moisture blocking region, the circuit layer, the passivation layer, a moisture blocking layer not provided in the display region, and the sealing layer are laminated in this order, and
a composition of an inorganic material forming the moisture blocking layer is different from a composition of an inorganic material forming the first and second inorganic layer of the sealing layer, and
the moisture blocking layer is in contact with the first inorganic layer, and the first inorganic layer is in contact with the second inorganic layer on the moisture blocking layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,477

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a substrate comprising:
a first surface,
a second surface opposite to the first surface,
a first area,
a second area at an end portion of the substrate, and
a bent area between the first and second areas, the first surface in the bent area arranged facing outside the display device and the second surface in the bent area arranged inside the display device;
a display element on the first surface in the first area of the substrate;
an electronic element on the first surface in the second area of the substrate;
a bending protective layer on the first surface in the bent area of the substrate, the bending protective layer extending from the bent area of the substrate to cover the electronic element in the second area of the substrate; and
a protective film on the second surface of the substrate, wherein a groove is defined in the protective film in the bent area of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,476

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An electroluminescent device comprising:a lower structure which has an emission area and a peripheral area surrounding the emission area, and which comprises an inorganic insulating film, an insulation film located on the inorganic insulating film, and an electroluminescent unit having a lower electrode disposed on the insulation film, an intermediate film disposed on the lower electrode, and an upper electrode disposed on the intermediate film, and
a flexible encapsulation multilayer disposed on the emission area and the peripheral area, and including at least three layers,
wherein the peripheral area includes an inorganic surface portion substantially surrounding the emission area, located outside the upper electrode at a planar view, and comprising only one or more inorganic materials,
wherein the flexible encapsulation multilayer includes a lower surface comprising only one or more inorganic materials,
wherein an entire of the inorganic surface portion directly contacts the lower surface of the flexible encapsulation multilayer,
wherein the lower structure includes a lower encapsulation inorganic film horizontally expanding under a surface of the lower structure to vertically correspond to the emission area and the peripheral area, and a portion disposed between the lower encapsulation inorganic film and the entire of the inorganic surface portion comprises only one or more inorganic materials, and
wherein the inorganic surface portion includes a first region having a first average width and a second region having a second average width, and the first average width and the second average width are substantially different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,340,475

OLED PANEL FABRICATION METHOD AND OLED PANEL

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. An organic light emitting display (OLED) panel fabrication method, comprising the following steps:Step S1: providing a substrate, forming an OLED device on the substrate; and arranging at least two circumferential loops of barrier walls, which are spaced from each other, on the substrate along an outer circumference of the OLED device, wherein an innermost loop of the barrier walls defines and delimits a light emission area on the substrate;
Step S2: depositing a first inorganic blocking layer of an entire surface to completely cover the OLED device and entirety of the barrier walls;
Step S3: coating and forming an organic buffer layer on a portion of the first inorganic blocking layer that corresponds to the light emission area and coating and forming a densification layer on a portion of the first inorganic blocking layer that corresponds to an area between every two adjacent ones of the barrier walls; and
Step S4: depositing a second inorganic blocking layer of an entire surface to completely cover the organic buffer layer, entirety of the densification layer, and the entirety of the barrier walls;
wherein the at least two circumferential loops of barrier walls comprise three circumferential loops including the innermost loop, an intermediate loop, and an outermost loop, and the densification layer comprises a first densification layer formed between the barrier walls of the innermost and the intermediate loop and a second densification layer formed between the barrier walls of the intermediate loop and the outermost loop, wherein the first and second densification layers are both formed on the first inorganic blocking layer and are both covered by the second inorganic blocking layer, such that the first and second densification layers are interposed between the first and second inorganic layers and separate from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,340,474

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a substrate comprising an active area and a sealing area surrounding the active area;
a display unit disposed in the active area of the substrate, and comprising a plurality of organic light-emitting devices; and
a sealing member disposed in the sealing area, the sealing member comprising:
a lower sealing member extending in a first direction;
an upper sealing member positioned at an opposite side of the active area from the lower sealing member; and
a right sealing member and a left sealing member extending in a second direction intersecting the first direction,
wherein:
the upper sealing member comprises a first portion, a second portion, and a third portion, the third portion disposed between the first portion and the second portion and connecting the first portion to the second portion;
the first portion and the second portion extend in the first direction; and
the first portion is located closer to the lower sealing member than the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,473

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE WITH OPTICAL RESONANCE STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An organic light emitting display device, comprising:a substrate including a plurality of pixel areas, the plurality of pixel areas includes a first pixel area and a second pixel area;
a plurality of first electrodes corresponding to the pixel areas and separated from each other;
a pixel defining layer including a plurality of openings corresponding to the pixel areas and overlapping the first electrodes;
a plurality of intermediate layers corresponding to the pixel areas and separated from each other, wherein each intermediate layer includes a light emitting layer and a first sub-intermediate layer interposed between the first electrode and the light emitting layer, and a first thickness of the intermediate layer of the first pixel area is different from a second thickness of the intermediate layer of the second pixel area;
a plurality of second electrodes corresponding to the pixel areas and separated from each other, each of the second electrodes extending along a bottom surface and sidewall of the opening in the pixel defining layer and overlapping an upper surface of the pixel defining layer;
a conductive protection layer over the second electrodes; and
a connection electrode layer over the conductive protection layer and electrically connecting the second electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,340,472

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a base substrate;
a first transistor above the base substrate and comprising a first input electrode, a first output electrode, a first semiconductor pattern below a first insulation layer, and a first control electrode above the first insulation layer and below a second insulation layer;
a second transistor above the base substrate and comprising a second input electrode, a second output electrode, a second control electrode above the first insulation layer and below the second insulation layer, and a second semiconductor pattern above the second insulation layer;
at least one third insulation layer above the second insulation layer;
a light emitting diode above the at least one third insulation layer and above the second control electrode; and
a capacitor electrically connected to at least one of the first transistor or the second transistor,
wherein the capacitor comprises:
a first electrode disposed on a same layer as the first control electrode; and
a second electrode disposed below the first electrode,
wherein the second insulation layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,340,471

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT ELEMENT AND NOVEL IRIDIUM COMPLEX

UDC Ireland Limited, Dub...

1. An organic electroluminescence device, comprising:a substrate;
a pair of electrodes including an anode and a cathode, disposed on the substrate; and
at least one organic layer including a light emitting layer, disposed between the electrodes,
wherein at least one kind of compound represented by the following general formula (1) is contained in at least one of the organic layers:

wherein R111 to R134 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; at least two adjacent groups out of R111 to R114, R114 and R115, at least two adjacent groups out of R115 to R118, at least two adjacent groups out of R119 to R122, R122 and R123, at least two adjacent groups out of R123 to R126, at least two adjacent groups out of R127 to R130, R130 and R131, or at least two adjacent groups out of R131 to R134 may be bonded to each other to form a ring, provided that at least one of R119 to R134 represents a group represented by the following general formula (A); and that none of R111 to R118 represent a group represented by general formula (A);

X represents a cyano group or a trifluoromethyl group; L represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; R represents a substituent; when a plurality of R's are present, they may be the same as or different from each other; n represents an integer of 0 to 4; * represents a binding site.

US Pat. No. 10,340,469

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE CHIP AND FABRICATION METHOD

XIAMEN SANAN OPTOELECTRON...

1. A fabrication method of a light-emitting diode chip, comprising:1) providing a light-emitting epitaxial laminated layer, comprising a first-type semiconductor layer, a second-type semiconductor layer and an active layer between them, which has two surfaces opposite to each other, wherein, the second surface is the light-emitting surface;
2) fabricating a first electrical connection layer over the first surface of the light-emitting epitaxial laminated layer, which is composed of first geometric pattern arrays;
3) fabricating a second electrical connection layer over the second surface of the light-emitting epitaxial laminated layer, which is composed of second geometric pattern arrays;
4) fabricating a transparent current spreading layer over the surface of the second electrical connection layer; when external power is connected, the horizontal resistance of current passing through the transparent current spreading layer is less than that passing through the first electrical connection layer;
wherein step 3) comprises evaporating a second electrical connection layer over the second surface of the light-emitting epitaxial laminated layer; evaporating a second dielectric material layer over the surface; etching the second electrical connection layer region to expose the second electrical connection layer; and flattening the surface of the second connection layer through chemical mechanical polishing.

US Pat. No. 10,340,468

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a base film;
a display-element layer over the base film, the display-element layer having a display region including a plurality of pixels; and
a cap film over the display-element layer, wherein
the base film has a first gap separating the base film into a first region and a second region,
the cap film has a second gap separating the cap film into a third region and a fourth region,
the display-element layer comprises an insulating film extending over the first region and the second region and overlapping the first gap, and
the insulating film extends over a region overlapping with the third region and a region overlapping with the fourth region, and overlaps the second gap.

US Pat. No. 10,340,467

ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An organic light-emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
an organic layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein the organic layer comprises an emission layer and at least one organometallic compound represented by Formula 1:

wherein in Formula 1,
M is a Period 3 transition metal;
A1 ring and A2 ring are each independently selected from a benzene, a pyridine and a pyrimidine;
A3 ring and A4 ring are each independently selected from a benzene, a pyridine, an isoquinoline, a pyrazole, a dibenzofuran and a tetrahydroindazole;
provided that each of A3 ring and A4 ring is not simultaneously a benzene;
X1 to X4 are each independently selected from C and N;
B1 to B4 are each a single bond;
Y1 and Y3 are each a single bond;
Y2 is selected from a phenylene group; and
a phenylene group substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, a methyl group, a tert-butyl group, and a phenyl group;
L1 is selected from a monodentate ligand and a bidentate ligand;
a1 is selected from 0, 1, and 2;
R1 to R4 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic hetero-condensed polycyclic group, —C(?O)(Q1), —Si(Q1)(Q2)(Q3), and —N(Q1)(Q2); wherein R1 and R4 or R2 and R3 are optionally linked to form a saturated or unsaturated ring;
Q1 to Q3 are each independently selected from a C1-C60 alkyl group and a C6-C60 aryl group;
b1 to b4 are each independently selected from 1, 2, 3, and 4; and
at least one substituent of the substituted C6-C60 arylene group, substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, substituted divalent non-aromatic hetero-condensed polycyclic group, the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6-C60 aryl group, substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and substituted monovalent non-aromatic hetero-condensed polycyclic group is selected from
a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, and a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof; and
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic hetero-condensed polycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,340,466

ORGANIC METAL COMPOUND, ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICES EMPLOYING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An organic metal compound, having a structure of Formula (I) or Formula (II):
wherein, R1 is independently hydrogen, C1-12 alkyl group, C1-12 alkoxy group, amine, C2-6 alkenyl group, C2-6 alkynyl group, C5-10 cycloalkyl group, C3-12 heteroaryl group, or C6-12 aryl group; R2, R3, R4, and R5 are independently hydrogen, halogen, C1-12 alkyl group, C1-12 alkoxy group, C1-12 fluoroalkyl group, or two adjacent groups of R2, R3, R4, and R5 are optionally combined with the carbon atoms which they are attached to, to form a cycloalkyl group, or aryl group; R6 and R7 are independent C1-6 alkyl group, or phenyl group; R8, R9, R10, and R11 are independently hydrogen, halogen, C1-12 alkyl group, C1-12 fluoroalkyl group, or two adjacent groups of R8, R9, R10, and R11 are optionally combined with the carbon atoms which they are attached to, to form a cycloalkyl group, or aryl group; R12, R13, R14, and R15 are independently hydrogen, halogen, C1-12 alkyl group, C1-12 fluoroalkyl group, or two adjacent groups of R12, R13, R14, and R15 are optionally combined with the carbon atoms which they are attached to, to form a cycloalkyl group, or aryl group; m is 1 or 2; and, n is 0 or 1.

US Pat. No. 10,340,465

PEROVSKITE PARTICLES FOR PRODUCING X-RAY DETECTORS BY MEANS OF DEPOSITION FROM THE DRY PHASE

SIEMENS HEALTHCARE GMBH, ...

1. A composition comprising at least two powders, wherein the powders are selected from the group consisting of a powder comprising a p-doped perovskite, a powder comprising an n-doped perovskite, and a powder comprising an undoped perovskite, wherein the at least two powders are intermixed or are present as separate phases, and wherein the p-doped and the n-doped perovskite is a material selected from the group of ABX3 and AB2X4, where A is a positively charged element from the 4th period or above of the periodic table and/or mixtures therefrom, B is a monovalent cation whose volume parameter for the respective element A is sufficient for perovskite lattice formation, and X is an anion of chloride, bromide or iodide.

US Pat. No. 10,340,464

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Universal Display Corpora...

18. A consumer product comprising an organic light-emitting device (OLED) comprising:an anode;
a cathode; and
an organic layer disposed between the anode and the cathode, the organic layer comprising a compound of Formula I:

wherein each of R1, R2, and R6 independently represents mono, di, tri, or tetra substitution, or no substitution;
wherein R3 represents mono, or di substitution, or no substitution;
wherein R5 represents mono, di, or tri substitution, or no substitution;
wherein X is selected from the group consisting of O, S, and Se;
wherein L is a direct bond or an organic linker;
wherein each of R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acid, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof;
wherein any adjacent substituents are optionally joined or fused into a ring; and
wherein (1) when L is not ortho to X, at least one of R5 or R6 is ortho to X and is selected from the group consisting of aryl, heteroaryl, substituted aryl, and substituted heteroaryl; or
(2) when L is ortho to X, one of R6 is ortho to X and is selected from the group consisting of aryl, heteroaryl, substituted aryl, and substituted heteroaryl.

US Pat. No. 10,340,463

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
an organic layer between the first electrode and the second electrode and comprising:
an emission layer,
a hole transport region between the first electrode and the emission layer and comprising an electron blocking layer and at least one selected from a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, and a buffer layer; and
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the second electrode and comprising a hole blocking layer and at least one selected from an electron transport layer and an electron injection layer,
wherein a triplet energy of a material for the electron blocking layer (EBL T1) and a triplet energy of a material for the hole blocking layer (HBL T1) satisfy the following Equation:
EBL T1>HBL T1.

US Pat. No. 10,340,462

COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A compound selected from Compounds 1 to 2, 4 to 7, 9, 10, 13 to 19, 21, 22, 25 to 29, 31, 32, 34 to 78, 80, 81, and 83 to 90:

US Pat. No. 10,340,460

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT ELEMENT

PIONEER CORPORATION, Kan...

1. An organic electroluminescent device, comprising one or more light-emitting layers between an anode and a cathode opposite to each other, wherein:at least one of the light-emitting layers contains two host materials and at least one light-emitting dopant; and
one of the two host materials comprises a host material selected from compounds each represented by any one of the following general formulae (1) to (2), and another of the two host materials comprises a host material selected from compounds each represented by the following general formula (3):

wherein a ring a represents an aromatic ring or heterocycle represented by the formula (a1) condensed at arbitrary positions of two adjacent rings, X1 represents C—R, a ring b represents a heterocycle represented by the formula (b1) condensed at arbitrary positions of two adjacent rings, Ar1 and Ar2 each represent an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms or a monocyclic aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 6 carbon atoms, and at least one of Ar1 and Ar2 represents a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 6 carbon atoms, L1 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms, an aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 16 carbon atoms, or a group obtained by linking 2 to 10 of the groups, the aromatic hydrocarbon groups or aromatic heterocyclic groups in Ar1, Ar2, and L1 may each have a substituent, p represents an integer of from 0 to 7 and when p represents 2 or more, L1s may be identical to or different from each other, and R and R1 to R3 each independently represent hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an aralkyl group having 7 to 38 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a dialkylamino group having 2 to 40 carbon atoms, a diarylamino group having 12 to 44 carbon atoms, a diaralkylamino group having 14 to 76 carbon atoms, an acyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an acyloxy group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxycarbonyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxycarbonyloxy group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylsulfonyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms, or an aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 16 carbon atoms, and may each have a substituent;

wherein a ring c and a ring c? each represent an aromatic ring or heterocycle represented by the formula (c1) condensed at an arbitrary position of an adjacent ring, a ring d and a ring d? each represent a heterocycle represented by the formula (d1) condensed at an arbitrary position of an adjacent ring, and the ring c and the ring c?, or the ring d and the ring d? may be identical to or different from each other, X2 represents C—R? or N, Z represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms, an aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 16 carbon atoms, or a divalent linking group obtained by linking 2 to 10 of the groups, but a group linked to N comprises an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms or a monocyclic aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 6 carbon atoms, Ar3 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms or a monocyclic aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 6 carbon atoms, L2 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms, an aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 16 carbon atoms, or a group obtained by linking 2 to 10 of the groups, the aromatic hydrocarbon groups or aromatic heterocyclic groups in Z, Ar3, and L2 may each have a substituent, q represents an integer of from 0 to 7, and when q represents 2 or more, L2s may be identical to or different from each other, and R? and R4 to R8 each independently represent hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an aralkyl group having 7 to 38 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkynyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, a dialkylamino group having 2 to 40 carbon atoms, a diarylamino group having 12 to 44 carbon atoms, a diaralkylamino group having 14 to 76 carbon atoms, an acyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an acyloxy group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxycarbonyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkoxycarbonyloxy group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, an alkylsulfonyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms, or an aromatic heterocyclic group having 3 to 16 carbon atoms, and may each have a substituent;

wherein R9 to R12 each independently represent hydrogen, an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, an acyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, 1 and m each represent an integer of 1 or 2, n represents 5 or 6, R13 and R14 each independently represent hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, and X3to X5 each independently represent C—H or N, and when n represents 2 or more, R13s, R14s, and X3s to X5s may be identical to or different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,340,459

TERAHERTZ DETECTION AND SPECTROSCOPY WITH FILMS OF HOMOGENEOUS CARBON NANOTUBES

International Business Ma...

1. A method for forming a detector, comprising:aligning a plurality of purified semiconducting carbon nanotubes on a substrate, in parallel, to form a stack of nanotube monolayers;
cutting the aligned plurality of semiconducting carbon nanotubes in the stack of nanotube monolayers to a uniform length corresponding to a detection frequency; and
forming metal contacts at opposite ends of the stack of nanotube monolayers.

US Pat. No. 10,340,458

PEROVSKITE HYBRID SOLAR CELLS

The University of Akron, ...

1. A method of forming a bulk heterojunction active layer of a solar cell comprising:providing an n-type perovskite hybrid semiconductor material;
combining said perovskite hybrid semiconductor material with a water-soluble or a non-water-soluble fullerene to form a composite material, wherein said composite material is formed by the method of:
combining a methyl ammonium iodide (MAI) material and said water-soluble fullerene or said non-water-soluble fullerene with ethanol to form a precursor material;
providing a lead iodide material; and
applying said precursor material to said lead iodide material to form said composite material of methylammonium lead iodide perovskite and water-soluble fullerene; and
applying said composite material in the solar cell as the bulk heterojunction active layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,457

ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTING COMPOUNDS

Merck Patent GmbH, Darms...

1. A compound comprising one or more divalent units of formula I
wherein
one of A1 and A2 is X and the other is a single bond,
one of A3 and A4 is X and the other is a single bond,
one of A5 and A6 is X and the other is a single bond,
one of A7 and A8 is X and the other is a single bond,
X is, on each occurrence identically or differently, CR1R2, C?CR1R2, SiR1R2, GeR1R2, C?O or NR1,
R1, R2 denote, independently of each other and on each occurrence identically or differently, H, halogen or straight chain, branched or cyclic alkyl group with 1 to 50 C atoms in which one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups are optionally replaced, in each case independently from one another, by —O—, —S—, —C(O)—, —C(O)O—, —O—C(O)—, —O—CO(O)—O—, —SO2—, —SO3—, —NR0—, —SiR0R00—, —CF2—, —CR0?CR00—, —CY1?CY2— or —C?C— in such a manner that O and/or S atoms are not linked directly to one another, and in which one or more, but not all, H atoms are optionally replaced by F, Cl, Br, I or CN, or denotes monocyclic or polycyclic aryl or heteroaryl, each of which is optionally substituted with one or more groups RS and has 4 to 30 ring atoms,
p, q are independently of each other 0, 1 or 2,
Ar21, Ar22, Ar23, Ar24 denote, independently of each other, and on each occurrence identically or differently, an aromatic or heteroaromatic group, each of which is monocyclic or polycyclic, has 4 to 20 ring atoms, and is optionally substituted by one or more groups RS,
RS denotes, on each occurrence identically or differently, F, Br, Cl, —CN, —NC, —NCO, —NCS, —OCN, —SCN, —C(O)NR0R00, —C(O)X0, —C(O)R0, —C(O)OR0, —NH2, —NR0R00, —SH, —SR0, —SO3H, —SO2R0, —OH, —NO2, —CF3, —SF5, optionally substituted silyl, carbyl or hydrocarbyl with 1 to 40 C atoms that is optionally substituted and optionally comprises one or more hetero atoms,
R0, R00 independently of each other denote H or optionally substituted C1-40 carbyl or hydrocarbyl,
Y1, Y2 independently of each other denote H, F, Cl or CN,
X0 denotes halogen.

US Pat. No. 10,340,455

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF MASK PLATE ASSEMBLY WITH COLLOID

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method for manufacturing a mask plate assembly, the method comprising:providing a mask plate and a frame;
securing the mask plate to the frame, wherein the secured mask plate comprises solder joints and a redundant portion extending out of the frame;
removing at least a part of the redundant portion, wherein the redundant portion not removed is a warped portion of the secured mask plate; and
forming a colloid without relative movement between the mask plate and the frame by dispensing glue in a predetermined area of a surface of the mask plate, and by curing the glue, wherein the predetermined area comprises an area near an edge of the secured mask, the predetermined area with the colloid is of a thickness greater than any other area on the surface of the mask plate where the colloid is not formed, and the colloid covers the solder joints, the warped portion of the mask plate, or the solder joints and the warped portion of the mask plate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,454

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel; and
a first protective substrate positioned under the display panel and including a first sub-region and a second sub-region positioned at a first side of the first sub-region,
wherein a thickness of the first protective substrate in the first sub-region is greater than a thickness of the first protective substrate in the second sub-region,
wherein the first protective substrate further comprises:
a first cut surface positioned at the first side of the first sub-region; and
a second cut surface positioned at a side of the second sub-region, which is opposite to the first side of the first sub-region, and which is substantially parallel with the first cut surface, and
wherein a slope of the first cut surface is different from a slope of the second cut surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,453

FORMING AND OPERATING MEMORY DEVICES THAT UTILIZE CORRELATED ELECTRON MATERIAL (CEM)

ARM Ltd., Cambridge (GB)...

1. A device comprising:a resistive memory element having a first terminal and a second terminal; and
a correlated electron material (CEM) device coupled in series with the resistive memory element, the CEM device to couple with the resistive memory element between a common top electrode and a common bottom electrode in read operations or write operations for the resistive memory element, and wherein the CEM device is configured to operate in a region of an impedance profile that is absent a Mott or Mott-like transition during the read operations or the write operations for the resistive memory element.

US Pat. No. 10,340,452

VARIABLE RESISTANCE ELEMENT, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

NEC CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. A variable resistance element comprising a configuration in which an ion conduction layer is arranged between an upper electrode and a lower electrode, whereinat least a side surface of the lower electrode is covered by a barrier metal,
a step-like recess part is formed on a top surface of the lower electrode, a portion of the barrier metal located near the top surface of the lower electrode is also removed to form a part of the step-like recess part, and
the ion conduction layer is formed in contact with at least the step-like recess part on a surface of the lower electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,340,451

SWITCHING ELEMENT HAVING OVERLAPPED WIRING CONNECTIONS AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR SWITCHING DEVICE

NEC CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. A switching element comprising:a first variable resistance element comprising a first input/output terminal and a first connection terminal;
a second variable resistance element comprising a second input/output terminal and a second connection terminal;
a rectifying element comprising a control terminal and a third connection terminal;
a first wiring connected to the first input/output terminal of the first variable resistance element;
a second wiring connected to the second input/output terminal of the second variable resistance element; and
a third wiring connected to the control terminal of the rectifying element, wherein
the first connection terminal, the second connection terminal and the third connection terminal are interconnected,
one of the first wiring and the second wiring overpasses another of the first wiring and the second wiring,
one of the first wiring and the second wiring is a horizontal line commonly connecting a plurality of first input/output terminals of first variable resistance elements, comprising the first variable resistance element, arranged in a horizontal direction,
the another of the first wiring and the second wiring is a vertical line commonly connecting a plurality of second input/output terminals of second variable resistance elements, comprising the second variable resistance element, arranged in a vertical direction,
the third wiring is a diagonal line commonly connecting a plurality of control terminals of rectifying elements, comprising the rectifying element, arranged in a diagonal direction, and has a folded structure comprising another diagonal line commonly connecting at least one of other control terminals of at least one of other rectifying elements arranged in the diagonal direction located differently from the plurality of control terminals of the rectifying elements, and
the third wiring is configured to be connected to a programming line.

US Pat. No. 10,340,450

RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY STRUCTURE AND FORMING METHOD THEREOF

WINBOND ELECTRONICS CORP....

1. A resistive random access memory structure, comprising: an interlayer dielectric (TLD) layer formed on a substrate, wherein the ILD layer is a dielectric comprising oxygen; an oxygen diffusion barrier layer formed on the ILD layer; a bottom electrode layer formed on the oxygen diffusion barrier layer; wherein the bottom electrode layer comprises: a first electrode layer formed on the oxygen diffusion barrier layer; a single layer of a first oxygen-rich layer formed on the first electrode layer; and a second electrode layer formed on the first oxygen-rich layer; a resistive switching layer formed on the bottom electrode layer; a second oxygen-rich layer between the resistive switching layer and the second electrode layer; a third electrode layer formed on the resistive switching layer; a single layer of an oxygen stopping layer formed on the third electrode layer; and a fourth electrode layer formed on the oxygen stopping layer, wherein the single layer of the first oxygen-rich layer directly contacts the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer, and the single layer of the oxygen stopping layer directly contacts the third electrode layer and the fourth electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,449

RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE CONTAINING CARBON BARRIER AND METHOD OF MAKING THEREOF

SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC,...

1. A resistive memory device comprising at least one resistive memory element, wherein the at least one resistive memory element comprises;a carbon barrier material portion; and
a layer stack that is disposed between a first electrode and a second electrode, wherein the layer stack comprises:
a first interfacial metal oxide layer;
a resistive memory material portion in direct contact with a surface of the first interfacial metal oxide layer; and
a second interfacial metal oxide layer in direct contact with a surface of the resistive memory material portion,
wherein the carbon barrier material portion directly contacts the first interfacial metal oxide layer,
wherein the carbon barrier material portion directly contacts the first electrode, and
wherein:
the first electrode comprises a pillar shaped conductive material portion that contacts a first electrically conductive line that extends along a first direction;
the second electrode comprises a portion of a second electrically conductive line that extends along a second direction that is different from the first direction; and
the carbon barrier material portion and the resistive memory material portion are located at a region in which the pillar shaped conductive material portion and the second electrically conductive line have a minimum spacing therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,340,448

ALL-PRINTED PAPER MEMORY

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. A method of forming a paper-based substrate memory device, comprising:coating, with at least one printer, one or more areas of a paper substrate with a conductor material to form a first electrode of a memory, wherein coating the one or more areas of the paper substrate comprises coating and curing a plurality of individual layers of the conductor material over the one or more areas of the paper substrate;
depositing, with the least one printer, a layer of an insulator material over one or more areas of the conductor material, wherein the layer of insulator material has a thickness of more than 40 ?m to less than 100 ?m; and
depositing, with the least one printer, a layer of a metal over one or more areas of the conductor material to form a second electrode of the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,340,447

THREE-TERMINAL METASTABLE SYMMETRIC ZERO-VOLT BATTERY MEMRISTIVE DEVICE

International Business Ma...

1. A memristive structure for providing symmetric modulation between resistance states, the structure comprising:a first electrode and a second electrode each directly contacting an insulating substrate therein;
an anode contacting the first and second electrodes;
an ionic conductor formed over the anode;
a cathode formed over the ionic conductor; and
a third electrode formed over the cathode;
wherein the anode and the cathode are formed from metastable materials enabling bidirectional transport of ions between the anode and cathode resulting in a resistance adjustment of the memristive structure.

US Pat. No. 10,340,446

SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE MULTILAYERS HAVING A DUSTING MATERIAL AT AN INTERFACE BETWEEN A NON-MAGNETIC LAYER AND A MAGNETIC LAYER

International Business Ma...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor structure, comprising:forming a multilayer stack of two or more multilayers disposed over a seed layer, each of the two or more multilayers comprising:
a magnetic layer; and
an additional layer disposed over a top surface of the magnetic layer;
wherein the additional layer is non-magnetic, the additional layer comprising a first non-magnetic material and a dusting material comprising a second non-magnetic material different than the first non-magnetic material; and
wherein the multilayer stack provides a reference layer of a perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction stack.

US Pat. No. 10,340,445

PSTTM DEVICE WITH BOTTOM ELECTRODE INTERFACE MATERIAL

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) material layer stack over a substrate, the stack comprising:one or more electrode interface material layers comprising Ta or CoFeB over a first electrode metal;
a seed layer comprising Pt over the electrode interface material layers;
a synthetic antiferromagnet (SAF) stack over the seed layer;
a fixed magnetic material layer between the SAF and a free magnetic material layer; and
a dielectric material layer between the fixed magnetic material layer and the free magnetic material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,444

SEMICONDUCTOR ELEMENT WITH HALL ELEMENT AND SEALING RESIN

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a Hall element including a functional surface and at least one electrode provided on the functional surface;
a sealing resin including a resin obverse surface and a resin reverse surface spaced apart from each other in a thickness direction, the sealing resin covering at least a portion of the Hall element; and
at least one mount surface electrically connected to the electrode and exposed from the resin reverse surface,
wherein the Hall element includes an exposed surface opposite to the functional surface, the exposed surface being flush with either one of the resin obverse surface and the resin reverse surface,
as viewed in the thickness direction, the sealing resin surrounds the Hall element and overlaps with the Hall element.

US Pat. No. 10,340,443

PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC MEMORY WITH FILAMENT CONDUCTION PATH

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:first and second electrodes on a substrate;
a perpendicular magnetic tunnel junction (pMTJ), between the first and second electrodes, comprising a dielectric layer between a fixed layer and a free layer; and
a third electrode layer, between the pMTJ and the first electrode, including an additional dielectric layer between first and second metal layers;
wherein first metal layer includes a first metal comprising at least one of Copper (Cu), Hafnium (Hf), Titanium (Ti), Ruthenium (Ru), Aluminum, or Silver (Ag), the second metal layer includes a second metal including at least one of Tungsten (W), Hafnium (Hf), Tantalum (Ta), Platinum (Pt), Palladium (Pd) and Ti, and the additional dielectric layer includes a dielectric and the first metal.

US Pat. No. 10,340,442

MAGNETORESISTIVE ELEMENT AND MAGNETIC MEMORY

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A magnetoresistive element, comprising:a first magnetic layer;
a second magnetic layer comprising a first magnetization direction;
a first nonmagnetic layer disposed between the first magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer;
a third magnetic layer disposed between the first nonmagnetic layer and the second magnetic layer, the third magnetic layer comprising a second magnetization direction, the first magnetization direction being different from the second magnetization direction; and
a metal layer disposed between the second magnetic layer and the third magnetic layer,
wherein:
the metal layer is in direct contact with the second magnetic layer and the third magnetic layer;
the second magnetic layer includes a magnetic material including at least one element selected from a first group consisting of Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni, at least one element selected from a second group consisting of Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu, and at least one element selected from a third group consisting of B, C, Mg, Al, Sc, Ti, Cu, and Zn; and
the metal layer includes at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mg, Sc, Co, and Zn.

US Pat. No. 10,340,441

LEAD-FREE PIEZOELECTRIC CERAMIC COMPOSITION, PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT USING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LEAD-FREE PIEZOELECTRIC CERAMIC COMPOSITION

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A lead-free piezoelectric ceramic composition whose main phase is of an alkali niobate/tantalate perovskite oxide having piezoelectric properties and whose subphase is of a metal oxide different from the main phase, wherein:the mole ratio (Na/K) between Na (sodium) and K (potassium) in the main phase falls within a range represented by 0.40<(Na/K)<3.0;
the main phase has a crystal structure in which
(i) first spots corresponding to a primitive lattice period and
(ii) second spots corresponding to a lattice period two times the primitive lattice period and being weaker than the first spots appear in an electron beam diffraction image obtained through a transmission electron microscope on the condition that an electron beam enters from the <100> direction with the main phase represented as a pseudo-cubic crystal system; and
the water absorption rate of the lead-free piezoelectric ceramic composition is 0.1% or less.

US Pat. No. 10,340,440

ELECTRONIC DEVICE, METHOD FOR PRODUCING ELECTRONIC DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a base material having a first surface;
a first metal film disposed on the first surface and containing nitrogen and chromium; and
a second metal film disposed on a surface of the first metal film on the opposite side to the first surface and containing gold, wherein:
the first metal film includes a region in which the number of nitrogen atoms in the first metal film is between 20% to 100% of the number of chromium atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,340,439

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PIEZOELECTRIC ACTUATOR

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A piezoelectric actuator comprising:an insulating layer;
a plurality of individual electrodes;
a piezoelectric layer;
a common electrode; and
an extending portion extending from the common electrode in an extending direction,
wherein:
the plurality of individual electrodes are disposed between the insulating layer and the piezoelectric layer,
the piezoelectric layer is disposed between the plurality of individual electrodes and the common electrode, and
the extending portion is disposed on a same side of the piezoelectric layer as the common electrode, wherein the extending portion is provided with a terminal on a distal end portion in the extending direction relative to the common electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,340,438

LASER ANNEALING QUBITS FOR OPTIMIZED FREQUENCY ALLOCATION

International Business Ma...

1. A method for forming a qubit, the method comprising:forming a Josephson junction between two capacitive plates, wherein the Josephson junction is an aluminum/aluminum-oxide/aluminum trilayer Josephson junction on a substrate; and
annealing the Josephson junction with a thermal source, wherein the thermal source is a laser that generates a beam, the beam having a diameter that is greater than a diameter of the Josephson junction, wherein the diameter of the beam encompasses one or more portions of each of the two capacitive plates, and wherein annealing the Josephson junction alters the frequency of the qubit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,436

THERMOELECTRIC ELEMENT, THERMOELECTRIC MODULE, AND HEAT CONVERSION APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A thermoelectric module comprising:a first substrate;
a thermoelectric element disposed on the first substrate; and
a second substrate disposed on the thermoelectric element,
wherein the thermoelectric element comprises:
a first element portion disposed on the first substrate and having a first cross-sectional area;
a connection portion connected to the first element portion; and
a second element portion connected to the connection portion, disposed between the connection portion and the second substrate, and having a second cross-sectional area;
wherein the connection portion has a third cross-sectional area,
wherein the third cross-sectional area is smaller than at least one of the first cross-sectional area and the second cross-sectional area,
wherein the first cross-sectional area increases as the first element portion is distanced from the connection portion,
wherein the second cross-sectional area increases as the second element portion is distanced from the connection portion,
wherein the first element portion and the second element portion each is formed with two protrusions protruding toward the connection portion and a recess between the two protrusions recessing toward the corresponding first or second substrate, and
wherein the first element portion, the second element portion, and the connection portion are formed from stacked unit members and each of the stacked unit members are formed of the same material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,435

THERMOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A thermoelectric conversion device, comprising at least one thermoelectric conversion unit, wherein each of the at least one thermoelectric conversion unit comprising:at least one first electrode, having a first fluid channel embedded therein, so as to form a hollow structure;
at least one second electrode, having a second fluid channel embedded therein, so as to form a hollow structure;
a P-type thermoelectric material, located between each of the at least one first electrode and each of the at least one second electrode; and
an N-type thermoelectric material, wherein each of the at least one second electrode is located between the P- type thermoelectric material and the N-type thermoelectric material; and
at least four insulation conduits, wherein each of two terminals of the first fluid channel and two terminals of the second fluid channel respectively connects with different insulation conduits,
wherein each of the at least one first electrode, the P-type thermoelectric material, each of the at least one second electrode, and the N-type thermoelectric material are arranged in a sequence along a direction.

US Pat. No. 10,340,434

COMBUSTION MODULE HAVING SUBSTANTIALLY UNIFORM TEMPERATURE

1. A hybrid solar system comprising:a concentrator for concentrating solar radiation;
at least one combustion module that includes
a body having a first end face and a second end face, the combustion module being arranged such that concentrated radiation illuminates one face of the body, and
several combustion chambers formed in said body, and extending parallel to each other along a longitudinal direction between the first end face and the second end face of the body, a distance between the combustion chambers and/or dimensions of the combustion chambers being chosen so as to reduce a temperature gradient transversal to the combustion chambers, wherein
the body comprises two lateral faces and first combustion chambers situated near to the lateral faces and second combustion chambers arranged between the first combustion chambers, the first combustion chambers having a transversal cross-section greater than the second combustion chambers;
a convertor for converting thermal energy into electricity on a face opposite to that illuminated by the concentrated solar radiation; and
a controller for controlling combustion in the combustion module as a function of the concentrated solar radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,340,433

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a body having a cavity;
first and second lead frames disposed in the cavity;
a third lead frame disposed in the cavity and disposed between the first and second lead frames;
a fourth lead frame disposed in the cavity, disposed between the first and second lead frames, and spaced apart from the third lead frame;
a first light emitting chip disposed on the first lead frame; and
a second light emitting chip disposed on the second lead frame,
wherein the body includes: first and second lateral sides disposed in opposition to each other; and third and fourth lateral sides disposed in opposition to each other,
wherein the first lead frame includes a first lead part protruding through the first lateral side of the body and a second lead part protruding through the second lateral side of the body,
wherein the second lead frame includes a third lead part protruding through the first lateral side of the body and a fourth lead part protruding through the second lateral side of the body,
wherein the third lead frame includes a fifth lead part protruding through the first lateral side of the body,
wherein the fourth lead frame includes a sixth lead part protruding through the second lateral side of the body,
wherein top surfaces of the first, second, third and fourth lead frames are disposed on a bottom of the cavity,
wherein respective bottom surfaces of each of the first, second, third and fourth lead frames are exposed to a bottom of the body,
wherein, in the body, the first and second lateral sides have respective lengths longer than respective lengths of the third and fourth lateral sides,
wherein the fifth lead part of the third lead frame is disposed between the first lead part of the first lead frame and the third lead part of the second lead frame,
wherein the sixth lead part of the fourth lead frame is disposed between the second lead part of the first lead frame and the fourth lead part of the second lead frame,
wherein the first light emitting chip is electrically connected with the first and third lead frames,
wherein the second light emitting chip is electrically connected with the second and fourth lead frames, and
wherein the first and second light emitting chips are individually driven.

US Pat. No. 10,340,431

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE WITH METAL BUMP

EPISTAR CORPORATION, Hsi...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a light-emitting diode comprising:
an active layer; and
a pad electrically connected to the active layer;
a metal bump, formed under the pad in a cross-sectional view, and having a first side surface and a first bottom surface which is observed in a bottom view different from the cross-sectional view;
a reflective insulation layer enclosing the metal bump in a configuration of exposing the first bottom surface and directly contacting the first side surface; and
a plurality of scratched lines directly formed on the first bottom surface,
wherein the metal bump has an oval shape in the bottom view, and
wherein the reflective insulation layer has a bottommost surface which is flush or coplanar with the metal bump.

US Pat. No. 10,340,430

OPTOELECTRONIC LAMP DEVICE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors...

1. An optoelectronic lamp device comprising:an optoelectronic semiconductor component comprising a top side comprising a light-emitting face,
a housing embedding the optoelectronic semiconductor component and leaving free the light-emitting face, and
an electrical plated-through hole,
wherein a housing face is coated with a light-scattering dielectric resist layer that scatters light incident on a face of the light-scattering dielectric resist layer facing away from the housing face,
a burr is formed at an edge of the top side of the optoelectronic semiconductor component, said burr being coated with the light-scattering dielectric resist layer,
the electrical plated-through hole runs from a top side of the housing to an underside of the housing situated opposite to the top side and is embedded in the housing,
said electrical plated-through hole comprising a top side partly coated by the light-scattering dielectric resist layer,
an underside situated opposite the top side of the electrical plated-through hole, and an electrical contact pad is configured at the top side of the electrical plated-through hole, the electrical contact pad being free of the light scattering dielectric resist layer and electrically connected to an electrical contact pad configured at the top side of the optoelectronic semiconductor component.

US Pat. No. 10,340,429

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

KOHA CO., LTD., Tokyo (J...

1. A light-emitting device, comprising:a light-emitting element for emitting a bluish light;
a plate-shaped phosphor layer for converting the bluish light to a yellowish light by a predetermined ratio, the phosphor layer being placed away from the light-emitting element; and
a heat dissipating member that dissipates heat generated in the phosphor layer,
wherein the phosphor layer emits a light ranging from blue color to yellow color in accordance with the predetermined conversion ratio thereof,
wherein the phosphor layer comprises a single crystal phosphor, a ceramic phosphor or a glass including phosphor particles, and
wherein the heat generated in the phosphor layer is transmitted through a metal film formed of Ag, or a metal alloy comprising Ag, and an adhesive layer adhered to the heat dissipating member, wherein the adhesive layer has a thermal conductivity of not less than 1 W/(m·K).

US Pat. No. 10,340,428

ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electro-optical device comprising:a light-emitting layer that has a first light-emitting element and a second light-emitting element adjacent to each other;
a color filter layer that has a first color filter provided corresponding to the first light-emitting element and a second color filter provided corresponding to the second light-emitting element;
a first resonator that has the first light-emitting element and enhances an intensity of light in a first wavelength region; and
a second resonator that has the second light-emitting element and enhances an intensity of light in a second wavelength region,
wherein the first color filter transmits light from the first resonator,
the second color filter transmits light from the second resonator,
an inter-element distance between the first light-emitting element and the second light-emitting element is 1.5 ?m or less, and
a thickness of layer between the light-emitting layer and the color filter layer is 6 times or less the inter-element distance.

US Pat. No. 10,340,426

PHOSPHOR AND ILLUMINATION DEVICE UTILIZING THE SAME

EPISTAR CORPORATION, Hsi...

1. A phosphor, having a composition of Sr1-xLiAl3N4:Ce3+x,wherein 0 wherein the phosphor has an excitation peak of 515 nm to 535 nm, a first emission peak of 560 nm to 580 nm, and a second emission peak of 610 nm to 630 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,340,425

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE HAVING LIGHT BLOCKING LAYER

Seoul Viosys Co., Ltd., ...

1. A light emitting diode, comprising:a substrate comprising an upper surface and side surfaces;
a semiconductor stack disposed under the substrate and comprising a first conductivity type semiconductor layer, a second conductivity type semiconductor layer, and an active layer interposed between the first conductivity type semiconductor layer and the second conductivity type semiconductor layer; and
a light blocking layer covering the upper surface and the side surfaces of the substrate to define a light emitting surface on the upper surface of the substrate,
wherein the light emitting surface is divided into a plurality of regions by the light blocking layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,424

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE COMPONENT

GE Lighting Solutions, LL...

23. A lighting device comprising: at least one solid state light emitter; and at least one luminescent element, said luminescent element comprising at least one luminescent material, said luminescent element being spaced from said solid state light emitter, said solid state light emitter having an illumination surface facing said luminescent element, said luminescent element having a luminescent element surface facing said solid state light emitter, said luminescent element surface being at least ten times as large as said illumination surface, said lighting device having a package efficiency of greater than 70%.

US Pat. No. 10,340,423

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

EPISTAR CORPORATION, Hsi...

1. A light-emitting device, comprising:a semiconductor structure comprising a surface and a side wall inclined to the surface, wherein the semiconductor structure comprises a first semiconductor layer, a second semiconductor layer on the first semiconductor layer, and an active layer between the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer, and the second semiconductor layer comprises a first edge and a first area;
a reflective layer located on the second semiconductor layer and comprising an outer edge and a second area, wherein a distance between the first edge and the outer edge is between 0 ?m and 10 ?m, and the second area of the reflective layer is not less than 80% of the first area of the second semiconductor layer;
a first contact part comprising a metal formed on the reflective layer and the first semiconductor layer; and
a second contact part comprising a metal formed on the reflective layer, wherein the first contact part comprises a first periphery comprising a first periphery length larger than a periphery length of the active layer, and the second contact part comprises a second periphery surrounded by the first periphery of the first contact part from a top-view of the light-emitting device.

US Pat. No. 10,340,422

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A display device, comprising:a display device main body; and
a magnetic member disposed on the display device main body;
wherein the display device is assembled by the display device main body and the magnetic member, and is configured to be transferred to an array panel under force of a magnetic field outside of the display device, so that the display device and the array panel compose an LED display panel;
the magnetic member is disposed in at least one end of the display device main body; and
the magnetic member is configured to allow a predetermined portion of the display device to contact the array panel when the display device is transferred to the array panel.

US Pat. No. 10,340,421

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

MIKRO MESA TECHNOLOGY CO....

1. A light emitting device, comprising:a first type semiconductor layer comprising:
a plurality of low resistance portions; and
a high resistance portion, wherein the low resistance portions are isolated from one another by the high resistance portion;
a second type semiconductor layer;
an active layer present between the first type semiconductor layer and the second type semiconductor layer, the active layer comprising:
a first region; and
at least one second region, wherein a threading dislocation density of the first region is greater than a threading dislocation density of the second region, and a vertical projection of at least one of the low resistance portions on the active layer at least partially overlaps with the second region;
a plurality of first electrodes electrically connected to the low resistance portions respectively, wherein each of the first electrodes is electrically isolated from one another; and
a second electrode electrically connected to the second type semiconductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,420

SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE HAVING A TRANSPARENT COVER LAYER TAIL PORTION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor light-emitting device, comprisinga light-emitting structure including a first semiconductor layer, an active layer, and a second semiconductor layer;
a reflective electrode layer covering an upper surface of the second semiconductor layer; and
a transparent cover layer covering the upper surface of the second semiconductor layer and an upper surface of the reflective electrode layer, wherein the transparent cover layer includes a tail portion including a first portion and a second portion, the first portion covering an edge of the reflective electrode layer and a convex upper surface, the second portion being thinner than and extending from the first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,419

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A light emitting device, comprising:a substrate;
first and second electrodes spaced apart from each other on the substrate;
at least one bar-type LED having a first end on the first electrode and a second end on the second electrode, the at least one bar-type LED having a length greater than a diameter;
an insulative body between the substrate and the bar-type LED;
an insulating film surrounding at least a part of an outer circumferential surface of the bar-type LED and exposing opposite side surfaces of the first and second ends; and
first and second contact electrodes respectively disposed on the first and second ends of the bar-type LED,
wherein the first contact electrode is in contact with an upper surface of the first electrode and the side surface of the first end, and the second contact electrode is in contact with an upper surface of the second electrode and the side surface of the second end, and
wherein at least one of the first and second contact electrodes contacts the insulating film.

US Pat. No. 10,340,418

ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE HAVING CURRENT BLOCKING LAYER

SEOUL VIOSYS CO., LTD., ...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a first conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
an active layer interposed between the first conductivity-type semiconductor layer and the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a current blocking layer disposed on the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a transparent electrode layer covering the current blocking layer;
a first electrode electrically connected to the first conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a second electrode disposed on the transparent electrode layer and electrically connected to the transparent electrode layer, the second electrode comprising a second electrode pad and a second electrode extension extending from the second electrode pad; and an insulating layer disposed under the first electrode; and a first reflective layer interposed between the first electrode and the insulting layer;
a second reflective layer interposed between the second electrode and the transparent electrode layer and having a curved shape,
wherein each of the second electrode pad and the second electrode extension covers at least part of the current blocking layer; and
wherein the second reflective layer includes at least one recess indented into the curved shape.

US Pat. No. 10,340,417

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE PACKAGE, AND LIGHTING SYSTEM COMPRISING SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a substrate;
a buffer layer provided on the substrate;
a light emitting structure provided on the buffer layer and including a first conductive semiconductor layer, a second conductive semiconductor layer, and an active layer interposed between the first conductive semiconductor layer and the second conductive semiconductor layer to emit ultraviolet light;
a plurality of air voids provided in the buffer layer; and
wherein each of the air voids has at least two inclined facets, which are different from each other based on the substrate,
wherein the at least two inclined facets of the air voids are provided to face the light emitting structure,
wherein the substrate includes a concavo-convex pattern, a portion of the buffer layer is provided in a concave pattern of the concavo-convex pattern, and the air voids are positioned above the portion of the buffer layer in the concave pattern, and
wherein the air voids are spaced apart from the concavo-convex pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,340,416

CRYSTAL SUBSTRATE, ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, AND MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREFOR

RIKEN, Saitama (JP)

1. A method for manufacturing a crystal substrate of a non-polar orientation comprising the steps of:providing a sapphire crystal plate of an r-plane orientation; and
forming a buffer layer of an AlN buffer layer, so that the AlN buffer layer covers at least a part of a surface of the sapphire crystal plate, the AlN buffer layer being an epitaxially grown layer of AlN crystal of a non-polar orientation,
wherein the step of forming a buffer layer includes the steps of:
forming a surface protection layer directly on the part of the surface of the sapphire crystal plate by epitaxially growing a surface protection layer that suppresses roughness on a surface of the AlN buffer layer; and
smoothing by epitaxially growing a smoothing layer on or over the surface protection layer for providing a surface of the AlN buffer with a smoothed upper surface,
wherein the step of forming the surface protection layer is carried out by an MOCVD method at a growth temperature that is below a temperature at which a surface of the r-plane of the sapphire crystal plate may be roughened,
wherein the step of smoothing is carried out by an MOCVD method at a growth temperature that reaches or exceeds a temperature necessary for smoothing, and
wherein the temperature necessary for smoothing is above the growth temperature for the step of forming the surface protection layer and is above 1400° C.

US Pat. No. 10,340,415

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE PACKAGE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Innotek Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a light emitting structure that comprises:
a first conductivity type semiconductor layer having aluminum;
a second conductivity type semiconductor layer having aluminum; and
an active layer having aluminum and provided between the first conductivity type semiconductor layer and the second conductivity type semiconductor layer,
wherein:
when primary ions are bombarded on the light emitting structure to sputter away secondary ions of aluminum from the first conductivity type semiconductor layer, the active layer and the second conductivity type semiconductor layer, secondary ions of aluminum are produced in respective intensities for the first conductivity type semiconductor layer, the active layer, and the second conductivity type semiconductor layer,
an intensity of the secondary ions of aluminum comprises a maximum intensity in the light emitting structure, a minimum intensity in the light emitting structure, a second intensity which is the smallest intensity in a region spaced away from the maximum intensity in a first direction, and a first peak intensity spaced away from the maximum intensity which is the greatest peak intensity in a region disposed between the maximum intensity and the second intensity,
wherein the maximum intensity is spaced away from the minimum intensity in the first direction, and the first peak intensity is spaced away from the maximum intensity in the first direction,
wherein the first conductivity type semiconductor layer includes a first region having the intensity of the secondary ions be between the first peak intensity and the second intensity, the second conductivity type semiconductor layer includes a second region having the intensity of the secondary ions be between the maximum intensity and the minimum intensity, and the active layer includes a third region having the intensity of the secondary ions be between the maximum intensity and the first peak intensity,
wherein the first direction is a thickness direction of the light emitting structure from the second conductivity type semiconductor layer towards the first conductivity type semiconductor layer,
wherein a first intensity difference (D1) between the maximum intensity and the second intensity is greater than a second intensity difference (D2) between the minimum intensity and the second intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,340,414

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A light emitting device comprising:a substrate;
a first electrode and a second electrode at a distance from each other on the substrate and disposed on a same layer;
a plurality of light emitting diodes electrically connected to the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a pattern between at least one of the plurality of light emitting diodes and the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,413

SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A semiconductor light emitting element comprising:a substrate having a first main surface, a second main surface opposite to said first main surface and a first altered area defined partially between said first main surface and said second main surface in a thickness direction of said substrate, said first altered area having first voids positioned at a first imaginary line in said first altered area and second voids positioned at a second imaginary line different from the first imaginary line; and
a semiconductor structure provided on or above the first main surface of the substrate,
wherein the first altered area is a brittle portion around the first imaginary line,
wherein the second imaginary line is spaced at a distance of 5 ?m or more away from the first imaginary line and within said first altered area,
wherein the width of the first altered area is within the range between 15 and 35 ?m, and
wherein the first altered area is provided in a first half of the substrate in the thickness direction that includes the second main surface, and no additional altered area is provided in a second half of the substrate in the thickness direction that includes the first main surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,412

SOLAR CELL

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

13. A solar cell module comprising:a plurality of solar cells, each of the plurality of solar cells comprising a photoelectric conversion layer, and an electrode on the photoelectric conversion layer;
an interconnector to electrically connect the electrodes of the plurality of solar cells;
a sealing film to seal the plurality of solar cells;
a front substrate disposed on front surfaces of the plurality of solar cells; and
a rear substrate disposed on rear surfaces of the plurality of solar cells,
wherein the electrode comprises:
at least one first finger electrode;
a plurality of second finger electrodes;
a bus electrode directly connected to the at least one first finger electrode;
a plurality of connecting electrodes connected to at least one of the plurality of second finger electrodes, the plurality of connecting electrodes forming a space therebetween; and
an auxiliary electrode formed at the space or between at least two connecting electrodes of the plurality of connecting electrodes,
the plurality of connecting electrodes extend in a first direction,
the bus electrode extends in a second direction,
the at least one first finger electrode and the plurality of second finger electrodes extend in a third direction,
the second direction intersects the first and third directions,
the plurality of connecting electrodes have a width that is smaller than a width of the bus electrode, and
the at least two connecting electrodes are directly connected to the bus electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,340,411

INSTALLATION FOR TREATING A MATERIAL

EISENMANN SE, Boeblingen...

1. An installation for treating a material comprising:a) a housing which delimits a treatment chamber, the housing comprising an envelope which separates an atmosphere which is present inside the envelope from an atmosphere which is present outside said envelope, wherein the atmosphere inside the envelope is a controlled atmosphere;
b) at least one supporting roller, which is arranged at least partly inside the treatment chamber, for conveying a material;
c) at least one mounting apparatus which is arranged outside the housing, the at least one mounting apparatus being associated with a wall of the housing, the at least one supporting roller being mounted by the at least one mounting apparatus;
wherein
d) a flexible compensating element is provided and extends between the at least one mounting apparatus and the wall of the housing associated with the at least one mounting apparatus,
da) a flange connected to a first end of the flexible compensating element, and
db) a second end of the flexible compensating element having a sealing arrangement connected thereto, the sealing arrangement extending between the second end of the flexible compensating element and the at least one mounting apparatus and separating the at least one mounting apparatus from the atmosphere which is present inside the envelope.

US Pat. No. 10,340,410

OPTOCOUPLER FOR THE CONTROL OF HIGH VOLTAGE

HARRIS CORPORATION, Melb...

1. A method of manufacturing an optocoupler comprising:positioning a body of a light source into a first mold such that electrical leads of the light source protrude from the first mold;
positioning a diode stack of a light detector into the first mold such that metal end caps and electrical leads of the light detector protrude from the first mold;
pouring optically transparent material into the first mold to create an optical cavity enclosing the body of the light source and the diode stack of the light detector; and
disposing a coating of optically reflective material over the optical cavity to form a reflective layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,408

NON-INVASIVE WEARABLE BRAIN INTERFACE SYSTEMS INCLUDING A HEADGEAR AND A PLURALITY OF SELF-CONTAINED PHOTODETECTOR UNITS CONFIGURED TO REMOVABLY ATTACH TO THE HEADGEAR

HI LLC, Los Angeles, CA ...

1. A non-invasive wearable brain interface system comprising:a headgear configured to be worn on a head of a user;
a plurality of self-contained photodetector units configured to removably attach to the headgear, the photodetector units each comprising a plurality of photodetectors configured to detect photons of light after the photons reflect from a target within a brain of the user; and
a master control unit communicatively coupled to each of the photodetector units by way of a plurality of wires and configured to control the photodetector units, the master control unit comprising an input power port configured to connect to a power cable that provides power from a power source for the master control unit and the photodetector units.

US Pat. No. 10,340,407

AVALANCHE PHOTODETECTOR

1. An avalanche photodetector (APD) comprising:a photo converter layer for signals to be converted into a current of free charge carriers; and
at least one avalanche amplifier for the current,
wherein the photo converter layer and the avalanche amplifier are located next to each other on the same substrate and are in direct contact with each other,
wherein the avalanche amplifier includes a contact layer and a multiplier layer,
wherein the multiplier layer is made of a semiconductor of the same conductivity type as the photo converter layer and faces the substrate while abutting the photo converter layer on one side, and
wherein a first electrode is on the contact layer of the avalanche amplifier, and the second electrode is on a bottom of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,406

DISTRIBUTED PHOTODIODE WITH BUILT-IN EQUALIZATION

Purdue Research Foundatio...

1. A distributed photodiode comprising:n photodiode segments, wherein a junction capacitance of the photodiode segments contributes in forming a transmission line, wherein n is an integer greater than 2;
n+1 inductors for forming the transmission line, the inductors connected between the photodiode segments, wherein the n+1 inductors are connected in series; and
a biasing capacitor and a biasing resistor both connected to an anode or cathode of the n photodiode segments.

US Pat. No. 10,340,405

TUNNEL HETEROJUNCTIONS IN GROUP IV/GROUP II-IV MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS

EPIR Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A photovoltaic cell, comprising:a first subcell formed by an epitaxial growth process of a single crystal Group IV semiconductor material and having a first upper surface;
a tunnel heterojunction including
a first layer comprising a single crystal Group IV semiconductor material, the first layer having a first conductivity type and formed by an epitaxial growth process on the first upper surface of the first subcell, the first layer forming one side of the tunnel heterojunction, the first layer having a second upper surface; and
a second layer comprising a single crystal Group II-VI semiconductor material, the second layer having a second conductivity type opposite the first conductivity type, the second layer formed by an epitaxial growth process on the second upper surface of the first layer, the second layer forming the other side of the tunnel heterojunction, and having a third upper surface; and
a second subcell formed by an epitaxial growth process on the third upper surface of the second layer, the second subcell formed of a single crystal Group II-VI semiconductor material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,404

MULTILAYER FILM AND PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A photovoltaic module, comprising:a photovoltaic cell; and
a multilayer film disposed below the photovoltaic cell,
wherein the multilayer film comprises a first layer disposed below the photovoltaic cell and including a first matrix resin and first inorganic particles having a band gap energy of 3.3 eV or more; and a second layer disposed below the first layer and including a second matrix resin and second inorganic particles having a band gap energy of less than 3.3 eV,
wherein the only inorganic particles present in the first layer are the first inorganic particles, and the only inorganic particles present in the second layer are the second inorganic particles,
wherein the first layer is disposed closer to incident light than the second layer,
wherein the first layer is directly stacked on the second layer,
wherein the multilayer film has a reflectance of 20.4% or more with respect to UV rays in a wavelength range of 280 to 400 nm, and a reflectance of more than 80% with respect to visible rays in a wavelength range of 400 to 1200 nm,
wherein the first inorganic particles are barium sulfate (BaSO4) and the second inorganic particles are titanium dioxide (TiO2),
wherein the first layer includes the first inorganic particles in an amount of 10 to 200 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the first matrix resin, and the second layer includes the second inorganic particles in an amount of 10 to 200 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the second matrix resin, and
wherein each of the first matrix resin and the second matrix resin is a mixture consisting of a copolymer of vinylidene fluoride and chlorotrifluoroethylene, a copolymer of vinylidene fluoride and hexafluoropropylene, and an acrylic polymer of methyl methacrylate, glycidyl methacrylate and methyl methacrylic acid.

US Pat. No. 10,340,403

PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE

SANYO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.,...

1. A photoelectric conversion device comprising:a crystalline semiconductor substrate having a first surface and a second surface; and
a first amorphous semiconductor layer formed over the first surface of the crystalline semiconductor substrate, wherein
an interface between the crystalline semiconductor substrate and the first amorphous semiconductor layer is an oxidized interface containing oxygen;
the first amorphous semiconductor layer comprises a high-oxygen-concentration region;
the oxidized interface has an oxygen concentration higher than an oxygen concentration of the high-oxygen-concentration region; and
the high-oxygen-concentration region has an oxygen concentration profile in which the oxygen concentration shown in a logarithmic scale is reduced stepwise in two or more steps from a side near the oxidized interface along a thickness direction of the first amorphous semiconductor layer;
the oxygen concentration profile comprises a first region, a second region, a third region, and a fourth region in this order from the side near the oxidized interface along the thickness direction of the first amorphous semiconductor layer;
the first region comprising a rising portion of a first step of the two or more steps;
the third region comprises a rising portion of the second step of the two or more steps;
the first region has a first slope, shown in a logarithmic scale, of the oxygen concentration from the side near the oxidized interface along the thickness direction, a magnitude of the first slope being defined as a first gradient;
the second region has a second slope, shown in a logarithmic scale, of the oxygen concentration from the side near the oxidized interface along the thickness direction, a magnitude of the second slope being defined as a second gradient;
the third region has a third slope, shown in a logarithmic scale, of the oxygen concentration from the side near the oxidized interface along the thickness direction, a magnitude of the third slope being defined as a third gradient;
the fourth region has a fourth slope, shown in a logarithmic scale, of the oxygen concentration from the side near the oxidized interface along the thickness direction, a magnitude of the fourth slope being defined as a fourth gradient; and
the second gradient and the fourth gradient are smaller than the first gradient and the third gradient.

US Pat. No. 10,340,402

METHOD OF PREPARING METAL CHALCOGENIDE NANOPARTICLES AND METHOD OF PRODUCING LIGHT ABSORPTION LAYER THIN FILM BASED THEREON

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method of preparing metal chalcogenide nanoparticles, the method comprising:heat-treating at least one type of single-source precursor,
wherein the single-source precursor comprises a metal-ligand complex selected from the group consisting of a copper (Cu)-ligand complex, a tin (Sn)-ligand complex and a zinc (Zn)-ligand complex,
wherein the ligand comprises one or more selected from the following:

wherein R is a methyl group, an ethyl group or a propyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,340,401

MULTI-LAYER BACK SURFACE FIELD LAYER IN A SOLAR CELL STRUCTURE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A photovoltaic (PV) cell comprising:an emitter layer comprising a first material having a first doping;
a base layer having a first side adjacent to said emitter layer and a second side, said base layer comprising the first material having a second doping that is opposite the first doping and a first bandgap between 0.7 eV and 2.0 eV; and
a back surface field (BSF) layer adjacent to said base layer, said BSF layer comprising:
a first, strained layer adjacent to said second side of said base layer and comprising a second, indium-free material made of AlGaAs having an aluminum content greater than about 50%, said first, strained layer having a second bandgap between 4.95 eV and 2.1 eV that increases relative to the aluminum content, said first, strained layer comprising a first doping concentration of the second doping achieved using carbon, wherein the first doping concentration is larger than a second doping concentration of the second doping of said base layer and wherein said first, strained layer is fully strained and has a thickness of less than 8 nm; and
a second layer adjacent to said first, strained layer and comprising a third material made of AlGaInAs and a third bandgap, wherein the use of In in said third material reduces the third bandgap to below 2.0 eV and wherein said second layer of said BSF layer is lattice-matched to said base layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,400

PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND CAMERA

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A photoelectric conversion device that includes a silicon substrate,wherein the silicon substrate includes a first portion configured to perform photoelectric conversion, and a second portion containing carbon, the second portion being arranged farther apart from a light receiving surface of the silicon substrate than the first portion,
wherein a carbon peak concentration in the second portion is 1×1018 [atoms/cm3] to 1×1020 [atoms/cm3], and
wherein an oxygen peak concentration in the second portion is 1/1000 to 1/10 of the carbon peak concentration.

US Pat. No. 10,340,399

OPTICAL DEVICE

PHOTONICS ELECTRONICS TEC...

1. An optical device comprising:a semiconductor layer which comprises Ge and has a (001) plane and a facet surface between the (001) plane and a (110) plane; and
a cap layer which comprises Si and is formed on the (001) plane and the facet surface of the semiconductor layer;
wherein a ratio of a film thickness of the cap layer at the facet surface to a film thickness of the cap layer at the (001) plane is equal to or greater than 0.4 and equal to or less than 0.77.

US Pat. No. 10,340,397

OPTICAL SENSOR DEVICE

ABLIC Inc., (JP)

6. An optical sensor device, comprising:a die pad portion;
an optical sensor element disposed on the die pad portion;
a plurality of leads formed separately around the die pad portion;
a first resin molding portion holding a periphery of the die pad portion and first peripheries of the plurality of leads excluding a portion in which a surface of each of the plurality of leads used as a wire bonding portion is exposed after integration by contact fitting molding using a first resin; and
a second resin molding portion covering an entire periphery of the first resin molding portion, at least a part of an upper surface of the optical sensor element, and second peripheries of the plurality of leads by contact fitting molding using a second resin, the second resin molding portion having one of a resin with transparency, a resin containing a filler of finely pulverized glass having a first filter function, and a resin containing a dye or a pigment having a second filter function.

US Pat. No. 10,340,396

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for manufacturing a solar cell, the method comprising:forming a semiconductor layer on one surface of a semiconductor substrate;
forming a mask layer comprising a first layer and a second layer sequentially on the semiconductor layer;
texturing another surface of the semiconductor substrate using the mask layer as a mask;
forming a patterned mask layer by forming an opening in the mask layer through a laser patterning using a laser; and
forming a conductive region through a doping process of doping a portion of the semiconductor layer exposed through the opening with a dopant.

US Pat. No. 10,340,395

SEMICONDUCTOR VARIABLE CAPACITOR USING THRESHOLD IMPLANT REGION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

18. A semiconductor variable capacitor comprising:a first non-insulative region disposed in a gate region above a first semiconductor region;
a second non-insulative region disposed above the first semiconductor region;
a threshold voltage (Vt) implant region interposed between the first non-insulative region and the first semiconductor region and disposed adjacent to the second non-insulative region; and
a control region disposed above a second semiconductor region such that a capacitance between the first non-insulative region and the second non-insulative region is configured to be adjusted by varying a control voltage applied to the control region,
wherein the first semiconductor region is a retrograde well formed on a semiconductor substrate, and
wherein the Vt implant region is disposed directly on the first semiconductor region and has a same doping type as the first semiconductor region.

US Pat. No. 10,340,394

III-V SEMICONDUCTOR DIODE

3-5 Power Electronics Gmb...

1. A stacked III-V semiconductor diode comprising:an n+-layer with an upper side, a lower side, a dopant concentration of at least 1019 N/cm3 and a layer thickness of about 675 microns or less, wherein said n+-layer comprises a GaAs compound;
an n?-layer with an upper side and a lower side, a dopant concentration of 1012-1016 N/cm3, a layer thickness of 10-300 microns, and comprising a GaAs compound;
a p+-layer with an upper side, a lower side, a dopant concentration of 5×1018-5×1020 N/cm3, with a layer thickness greater than 2 microns and comprising a GaAs compound; and
a p-type intermediate layer with a layer thickness of 1-50 microns and a dopant concentration of 1012-1017 N/cm3 is disposed between the n?-layer and the p+-layer, and is materially bonded with an upper side and a lower side, and the lower side of the p-type intermediate layer is materially bonded with the upper side of the n?-layer, and the upper side of the p-type intermediate layer is materially bonded with the lower side of the p+-layer,
wherein the n+-layer, the n?-layer, and the p+-layer are monolithically formed,
wherein the n+-layer or the p+-layer is formed as a substrate and the lower side of the n?-layer is materially connected to the upper side of the n+-layer,
wherein the p-type intermediate layer is materially bonded with the n?-layer and with the p+-layer and is p-doped,
wherein the stacked III-V semiconductor diode has a first defect layer with a layer thickness between 0.5 microns and 40 microns,
wherein the first defect layer is arranged within the p-type intermediate layer, and
wherein the first defect layer has a first defect concentration ranging between 1×1013 N/cm3 and 5×1016 N/cm3.

US Pat. No. 10,340,393

SEMICONDUCTOR CONSTRUCTIONS, METHODS OF FORMING VERTICAL MEMORY STRINGS, AND METHODS OF FORMING VERTICALLY-STACKED STRUCTURES

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory device, comprising:a stack of alternating electrically conductive levels and electrically insulative levels over a material comprising tungsten silicide;
electrically insulative pillars that extends through the stack and contactan upper surface of the material comprising tungsten silicide;a channel material post between a first adjacent pair of the pillars, the channel material post extending through the material comprising tungsten silicide and having a first pair of opposing sides and a second pair of opposing sides; each side of the first pair of opposing sides being spaced from a respective one of a second adjacent pair of the pillars by a corresponding intervening region of the stack; none of the stack being present between each side of the second pair of opposing sides and a respective one of the first adjacent pair of the pillars;
gate dielectric material and charge-storage material between edges of the electrically conductive levels and the channel material post.

US Pat. No. 10,340,392

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING MARK PORTION AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SAME

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising: a substrate; a thin film transistor supported by the substrate; an interlayer insulating layer covering the thin film transistor; and a wire connecting portion,wherein the thin film transistor includes a gate electrode provided on the substrate, a gate insulating layer covering the gate electrode, an oxide semiconductor layer provided on the gate insulating layer, a protection layer covering at least a channel region of the oxide semiconductor layer, and a source electrode and a drain electrode, each of which is in contact with the oxide semiconductor layer,
the wire connecting portion includes
a lower electrically-conductive portion formed out of a same electrically-conductive film as the gate electrode,
an insulating layer which is provided on the lower electrically-conductive portion and which has a contact hole through which at least a part of the lower electrically-conductive portion is exposed, and
an upper electrically-conductive portion, at least a part of which is provided inside the contact hole,
the insulating layer includes the gate insulating layer, the protection layer and the interlayer insulating layer,
at a lateral wall of the contact hole, the gate insulating layer includes an upper portion and a lower portion which is present on the substrate side of the upper portion, and when viewed in a normal direction of the substrate, a lateral surface of the lower portion juts out from a lateral surface of the upper portion, and
the upper electrically-conductive portion is in contact with the lower electrically-conductive portion and the lateral surface and an upper surface of the lower portion of the gate insulating layer inside the contact hole, and
the semiconductor device further includes
a mark portion formed out of a same electrically-conductive film as the gate electrode;
an island-shaped insulating film covering the mark portion;
an oxide semiconductor cover portion formed out of a same semiconductor film as the oxide semiconductor layer and arranged so as to at least partially overlap the mark portion with the insulating film interposed therebetween; and
an upper electrical conductor cover portion covering the oxide semiconductor cover portion, wherein
at a periphery of the insulating film, the insulating film includes another upper portion and another lower portion which is present on the substrate side of the another upper portion, a lateral surface of the another lower portion jutting out from a lateral surface of the another upper portion when viewed in the normal direction of the substrate,
the lateral surface of the another upper portion is in alignment with a lateral surface of the oxide semiconductor cover portion, and
the upper electrical conductor cover portion is arranged so as to be in contact with the lateral surface and an upper surface of the another lower portion, the lateral surface of the another upper portion, and the lateral surface and an upper surface of the oxide semiconductor cover portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,391

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

United Microelectronics C...

1. A method for fabricating a semiconductor device, comprising:forming an oxide semiconductor layer, over a substrate;
forming a metal nitride layer over the oxide semiconductor layer;
patterning the metal nitride layer to form a source electrode and a drain electrode of a metal nitride; and
forming a metal-nitride oxidation layer on a surface of the source electrode and the drain electrode,
wherein a metal plasma is provided under a power range of 5 kw to 15 kw and flashing of only N2 by a range of 30 sccm to 50 sccm for forming the metal nitride layer having reduced oxidation, thereby facilitating reduction of thickness of the metal-nitride oxidation layer to be equal to or less than 0.2 of a thickness of the drain electrode or the source electrode.