US Pat. No. 10,218,224

TUNABLE WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSFER SYSTEMS

WiTricity Corporation, W...

1. A system for wireless power transfer comprising:sensing and measurement circuitry configured to process signals associated with a resonator and an impedance matching network coupled with the resonator;
a PWM (pulse width modulation) generator configured to control a driving signal to drive the resonator through the impedance matching network, the PWM generator being coupled with at least two power transistors of an amplifier coupled with the impedance matching network to drive the resonator through the impedance matching network; and
a controller coupled with the sensing and measurement circuitry, the controller configured to adjust operation of the PWM generator and operation of the impedance matching network based on measured signals from the sensing and measurement circuitry, including the controller being configured to control a duty cycle of the driving signal, a phase of the driving signal, or both the duty cycle and the phase of the driving signal from the PWM generator to adjust a power output level, an impedance, or both the power output level and the impedance, while maintaining a zero voltage switching condition at the amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,218,223

PORTABLE DEVICE, CHARGING SYSTEM, AND POWER SOURCE CIRCUIT SUBSTRATE

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. A portable device comprising:a secondary battery;
a plurality of driving components driven by charged power of the secondary battery, one of the plurality of driving components being a hearing aid function component;
a charging unit configured to charge the secondary battery by an input of outside power supplied from outside of the portable device;
a plurality of transformation units each configured to output the charged power of the secondary battery at a driving voltage of a corresponding one of the plurality of driving components;
a detection unit configured to detect the input of the outside power to the charging unit; and
a switching controller configured to switch a state of one of the plurality of transformation units from an operation state to a stopped state responsive to detecting the input of the outside power to the charging unit causing only the corresponding one of the plurality of driving components to switch states, by switching from the operation state to the stopped state to stop operation during charging of the secondary battery, the one of the plurality of transformation units being switched from the operation state to the stopped state being the transformation unit configured to output the charged power of the secondary battery to the hearing aid function component.

US Pat. No. 10,218,222

NON-CONTACT CHARGING MODULE HAVING A WIRELESS CHARGING COIL AND A MAGNETIC SHEET

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A non-contact charging module comprising:a wireless charging coil formed of an electrical wire wound to form a winding portion having a circular shape and two leg portions, wherein the electrical wire in the winding portion is wound in one layer, and the electrical wire is wound to define a hollow portion surrounded by the winding portion; and
a magnetic sheet overlapping the wireless charging coil and having a shape that does not coincide with the circular shape of the winding portion of the wireless charging coil;
wherein
a first height of the magnetic sheet in a thickness direction of the magnetic sheet is greater than a second height of the winding portion of the wireless charging coil;
the largest span of the hollow portion surrounded by the winding portion of the wireless charging coil is between 10 mm and 20 mm; and
the magnetic sheet includes a recess at a position corresponding to at least a portion of at least one of the leg portions.

US Pat. No. 10,218,221

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER USING ONE OR MORE ROTATING MAGNETS IN A RECEIVER

University of Florida Res...

1. A system, comprising:a transmitter that generates a dynamic magnetic field; and
a receiver comprising a magnet, a magnet casing, and at least one coil wrapped around the magnet casing, wherein the magnet is configured to rotate 360 degrees around its axis within the magnet casing without need for a physical axle in response to the dynamic magnetic field, wherein the rotating magnet produces a time-varying magnetic flux that induces a voltage across the at least one coil.

US Pat. No. 10,218,220

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A wireless power transmitter, comprising:a resonator configured to transmit a detection signal;
a period detector configured to detect a period of oscillation of an oscillation signal caused by remnants of the detection signal, and generate a pulse signal substantially corresponding to the oscillation signal; and
a controller configured to receive the pulse signal from the period detector, and determine whether an external charging object is approaching in response to a change in the period of the oscillation signal, wherein the determining of whether the external charging object is approaching comprises determining whether the external charging object is approaching in response to a detected change in a pulse width of the pulse signal.

US Pat. No. 10,218,219

COIL DEVICE AND APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A coil device comprising:a first coil;
a second coil disposed inside an inner boundary line of the first coil;
a first conduction part disposed in a same layer as the first coil and the second coil between the inner boundary line of the first coil and an outer boundary line of the second coil, the first conduction part dissipating heat; and
a first film disposed on upper surfaces of the first coil, the second coil, and the first conduction part.

US Pat. No. 10,218,217

UPS FOR MIXED AC AND DC LOADS

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC IT COR...

1. An Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) comprising:an input configured to be coupled to an AC source and to receive input AC power from the AC source;
a DC bus configured to be coupled to a DC source and to receive backup DC power from the DC source;
a first output configured to be coupled to at least one AC load and to provide output AC power having an output AC voltage to the at least one AC load derived from at least one of the input AC power and the backup DC power;
a second output configured to be coupled to at least one DC load and to provide output DC power having an output DC voltage to the at least one DC load derived from at least one of the input AC power and the backup DC power;
a first transformer having a first end of a primary winding coupled to the input, a second end of the primary winding coupled to the first output, and a secondary winding, the first transformer configured to provide at least a portion of the output AC power from the primary winding to the first output and to provide isolation between the input and the DC source;
a first bidirectional converter coupled between the DC bus and the first transformer, wherein the secondary winding of the first transformer is coupled between the primary winding and the first bidirectional converter;
a second bidirectional converter coupled between the DC bus and a second transformer, the second transformer coupled to the first output and configured to provide isolation between the first output and the second output; and
a controller configured to operate the second bidirectional converter to maintain the output AC voltage above a first threshold value and to operate the first bidirectional converter to maintain the output DC voltage above a second threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,218,216

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER TO A POE DEVICE IN A POWERED STATE

BTU RESEARCH LLC, Housto...

1. A system for supplying uninterruptible power, comprising:a housing;
a power supply input disposed within said housing, said power supply input having a power source interface on an outside of said housing;
a power source equipment input disposed within said housing, said power source equipment input having a power source equipment interface on an outside of said housing;
a powered device output disposed within said housing, said powered device output having a powered device interface on an outside of said housing;
an alternative power supply disposed within said housing;
a powered device connected to said powered device output by an Ethernet cable;
power source equipment connected to said power source equipment input, said power source equipment being powered separate from said power supply input and said alternative power supply; and
a control module connected to said power supply input, said power source equipment input, said powered device output, and said alternative power supply,
wherein said control module comprises an injector means, a comparator means, a switch means, and a converter means,
said comparator means detecting power from said power supply input and to said powered device output and connecting said power source equipment input and said power supply input to said switch means,
said converter means providing DC power from AC power from said power supply input and connecting said power supply input to said comparator means, said injector means, and said alternative power supply,
said switch means connecting said comparator means and said alternative power supply to said injector means,
said injector means collecting and distributing power, said injector means being comprised of a regulator and power autonegotiation module, said regulator connecting said switch means and said converter means to said power autonegotiation module, said power autonegotiation module connecting said regulator to said powered device output,
wherein said control module further comprises a battery charger, said battery charger storing power from at least one of said power supply input and said power source equipment input, said battery charger distributing power to said alternative power supply, and
wherein said alternative power supply is comprised of a plurality of battery packs, each battery pack being connected in series.

US Pat. No. 10,218,215

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER TO A POE DEVICE WITH ACTIVE POWER NEGOTIATION AND EXTENDED RANGE

BTU RESEARCH LLC, Housto...

1. A system for supplying uninterruptible power, comprising:a housing;
a power supply input disposed within said housing, said power supply input having a power source interface on an outside of said housing;
a power source equipment input disposed within said housing, said power source equipment input having a power source equipment interface on an outside of said housing;
a powered device output disposed within said housing, said powered device output having a powered device interface on an outside of said housing;
an alternative power supply disposed within said housing;
a powered device connected to said powered device output by an Ethernet cable;
power source equipment connected to said power source equipment input, said power source equipment being powered separate from said power supply input and said alternative power supply;
a control module connected to said power supply input, said power source equipment input, said powered device output, and said alternative power supply; and
a power source equipment extension between said powered device output and said powered device,
wherein said control module comprises an injector means, a comparator means, a switch means, and a converter means,
said comparator means detecting power from said power supply input and to said powered device output and connecting said power source equipment input and said power supply input to said switch means,
said converter means providing DC power from AC power from said power supply input and connecting said power supply input to said comparator means, said injector means, and said alternative power supply,
said switch means connecting said comparator means and said alternative power supply to said injector means,
said injector means collecting and distributing power, said injector means being comprised of a regulator and power autonegotiation module, said regulator connecting said switch means and said converter means to said power autonegotiation module, said power autonegotiation module connecting said regulator to said powered device output.

US Pat. No. 10,218,214

ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH DETECTION VOLTAGE CALIBRATION

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An energy management system comprising:a DC voltage bus;
a power generator connected to the DC voltage bus and configured to output a generated electric power to the DC voltage bus;
a bidirectional DC-DC converter connected to the DC voltage bus and configured to receive a DC voltage from the DC voltage bus or output a DC voltage to the DC voltage bus; and
an inverter connected to the DC voltage bus and configured to convert the DC voltage received from the DC voltage bus to an AC voltage,
wherein each of the power generator, the bidirectional DC-DC converter, and the inverter includes a voltage detector configured to detect a voltage of the DC voltage bus and a switching controller configured to perform switching control such that the voltage detected by the respective voltage detector matches a target value,
wherein the energy management system further comprises:
a calibration value selector configured to compare the voltages detected by the respective voltage detectors and to set a calibration value to a highest voltage of the detection voltages; and
a calibrator configured to calibrate the detection voltages of the voltage detectors with the set calibration value.

US Pat. No. 10,218,213

PORTABLE POWER CHARGER WITH POWER INPUT AND POWER OUTPUT CONNECTION INTERFACES

Halo International SEZC L...

1. A portable charger unit for recharging at least one electronic device having a rechargeable internal battery, said portable charger unit comprising:a charger housing internally storing a rechargeable battery;
a wall plug input connection interface connected to the charger housing for movement between an extended position where said wall plug input connection interface extends away from the charger housing for use and a retracted position for storage of said wall plug input connection interface within the charger housing, said wall plug input connection interface being operatively connected to the internal battery for providing an electrical charge from an external wall socket power source to the charger unit when said wall plug input connection interface is operatively engaged with said power source and for recharging the internal battery when the charger unit is connected to said power source in said manner;
a car charger input connection interface connected to the charger housing for movement between an extended position where said car charger input connection interface extends away from the charger housing for use and a retracted position for storage within the charger housing, said car charger input connection interface being operatively connected to the internal battery for providing an electrical charge from an external car charger socket to the charger unit when said car charger input connection interface is operatively engaged with said external car charger socket and for recharging the internal battery when the charger unit is connected to said car charger socket in said manner,
wherein both the wall plug interface and the car charger interface are pivotable to respective retracted positions and disposed within the general footprint of the charger housing when in said retracted positions, and
at least one power connection output connector cable operatively connected to the internal battery for providing an electrical charge from the internal battery to an electronic device when said device is connected to the charger unit via the power connection output connector cable, said connector cable comprising:
a proximal end attached to the charger housing,
a distal end having an output connection interface adapted for engagement with an electronic device; and
an intermediate portion extending between said proximal and distal ends of said connector cable,
wherein at least the output connection interface of said power connection output connector cable is storable within a storage cavity formed in the charger housing so that said output connection interface is contained within the general footprint of the charger housing when not in use and is removable from said cavity to an extended position for use to connect with an electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,218,211

DETERMINATION OF Q-FACTOR OF RESONANT TANK NETWORK

NXP USA, INC., Austin, T...

1. A wireless charger, comprising:a resonant converter that includes a switch network and a resonant tank network and generates a sinusoidal voltage signal;
an interface circuit that conditions the sinusoidal voltage signal; and
a controller operatively connected to the resonant converter by way of the interface circuit, wherein the controller is operable to determine a Q-factor of the resonant tank network by:
switching the switch network to excite transitory damped oscillations of the resonant tank network such that the resonant tank network generates the sinusoidal voltage signal;
acquiring an array of digital signal samples using the conditioned sinusoidal voltage signal that represent a waveform envelope of the transitory damped oscillations; and
determining the Q-factor using the array of digital signal samples.

US Pat. No. 10,218,210

ADAPTIVE IMPEDANCE CONTROL FOR WIRELESS CHARGING

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a transmission coil; and
a power amplifier comprising:
a controller; and
a memory, comprising instructions to cause the controller to:
determine electric current output of the power amplifier;
perform a lookup of load reactance range based on the electric current output;
detect load impedance of the transmission coil;
calculate reactance based on the load impedance;
determine if reactance is within the load reactance range; and
adjust reactance shift compensation to obtain a reactance that is within the load reactance range if the reactance is not within the load reactance range.

US Pat. No. 10,218,209

SELECTING A CHARGING MODE FOR CHARGING A BATTERY OF A PORTABLE DEVICE

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

1. A method comprising:detecting a coupling of a charging device at a portable device having a battery and charging circuitry that includes at least one step-down component, which converts a received voltage from the charging device to a present voltage of the battery, the charging circuitry further including at least one switch component that when activated, bypasses the at least one step-down component and collapses a voltage provided by the charging device to match a present voltage of the battery;
determining, based on information received from the charging device, a set of charging modes that are supported by the charging device;
identifying whether the set of charging modes includes a collapsed state charging mode;
in response to identifying that the set of charging modes includes the collapsed state charging mode, issuing a first notification to the charging device that identifies the collapsed state charging mode and that, when received by the charging device, triggers the charging device to operate in the collapsed state charging mode, wherein the collapsed state charging mode establishes at least one particular electrical current to be used for charging the battery; and
in response to determining the set of charging modes does not include the collapsed state charging mode, selecting an alternate charging mode from among the set of charging modes supported by the charging device and issuing a second notification to the charging device, the second notification identifying the alternate charging mode and triggering the charging device to operate in the alternate charging mode.

US Pat. No. 10,218,208

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM HAVING WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM-CHARGER

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A wireless power transfer system-charger comprising:a power supply;
a transformer unit for converting a voltage supplied by the power supply into a direct current (DC) voltage; and
a controller for adjusting a level of the DC voltage of the transformer unit,
wherein the transformer unit includes a DC-DC converter and a control unit for receiving an output voltage of the DC-DC converter and adjusting the output voltage,
wherein the control unit includes a divider for dividing the output voltage of the DC-DC converter,
wherein the divider includes:
a first resistor connected to an output terminal of the DC-DC converter and a node; and
a second resistor connected between the node and the ground, and
wherein the controller is connected to the node to adjust the divided voltage of the divider.

US Pat. No. 10,218,206

CHARGING VOLATAGE CONFIGURING METHOD FOR WIRELESS CHARGING AND WIRELESS POWER RECEPTION UNIT

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for controlling a wireless power reception unit (PRU) which receives wireless charging power from a wireless power transmission unit (PTU), the method comprising:transmitting a first message including a first voltage configuration value to the wireless PTU;
receiving, from the wireless PTU, a charging power which is determined based on the first voltage configuration value by the wireless PTU;
measuring the charging power received from the wireless PTU;
when the measured charging power is smaller than a minimum power level for charging initiation or a difference between the measured charging power and the minimum power level is within a predetermined range, identifying a second voltage configuration value by adjusting the first voltage configuration value;
transmitting a second message including the second voltage configuration value to the wireless PTU; and
receiving the charging power of which a size is adjusted based on the second voltage configuration value.

US Pat. No. 10,218,205

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A wireless power reception device comprising:a planar resonator configured to be coupled with external magnetic fields and generate an induced current;
a first ferrite member mounted on a first side of the planar resonator and positioned in a lower portion of the planar resonator; and
a second ferrite member mounted on a second side of the planar resonator opposite to the first side and positioned in an upper portion of the planar resonator,
wherein the external magnetic fields pass through an aperture of the planar resonator substantially from one of the first side of the lower portion of the planar resonator and the second side of the upper portion of the planar resonator to the other of the first side of the lower portion of the planar resonator and the second side of the upper portion of the planar resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,218,204

CHARGING SYSTEM ON CONSTANT CURRENT MODE AND METHOD THEREOF

PHIHONG TECHNOLOGY CO., L...

1. A charging method on constant current mode, comprising steps of:communicating with a rechargeable battery by a central control module to obtain a first current and a first voltage required to charge said rechargeable battery;
transmitting a first current output instruction regarding said first current and a first voltage output instruction regarding said first voltage by said central control module to a first charging module and a second charging module;
receiving said first current output instruction and said first voltage output instruction by said first charging module and said second charging module;
outputting a second voltage and a second current to said rechargeable battery and transmitting an output value of said second voltage and an output value of said second current to said central control module by said first charging module, and outputting a third voltage and a third current to said rechargeable battery and transmitting an output value of said third voltage and an output value of said third current to said central control module by said second charging module; and
when said central control module detects that difference between said output value of said second voltage and said first voltage is smaller than a predetermined voltage value, transmitting a fourth current output instruction, in which a fourth current equals said first current minus a predetermined current value, to said first charging module by said central control module.

US Pat. No. 10,218,203

CONTROL DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING CHARGING AND DISCHARGING OF A LITHIUM ION CAPACITOR

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An electrical system for a motor vehicle, comprising:a lithium ion capacitor;
an electrical load configured to transmit electric power to and from at least the lithium ion capacitor; and
a controller, wherein
the controller is programmed to:
detect that a degree of degradation of the lithium ion capacitor reaches or exceeds a predetermined level as a result of charging and discharging the lithium ion capacitor according to a charging excess pattern that provides a higher charging current value than a discharge current value,
control the lithium ion capacitor to be charged and discharged according to a discharging excess pattern that provides a higher discharge current value than a charging current value, when the degree of degradation of the lithium ion capacitor reaches or exceeds the predetermined level, and
control the lithium ion capacitor to limit charging of the lithium ion capacitor to a state of charge that is equal to or lower than a predetermined value, based on the degree of degradation.

US Pat. No. 10,218,202

CHARGING OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES ON AN AIRCRAFT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method for charging an electronic device on an aircraft, the method comprising:monitoring a charging station on the aircraft by a charging control module;
determining whether the electronic device has been connected to the charging station;
receiving, via the charging control module, an indication that operation of the electronic device should be restricted to airplane mode;
transmitting a command by the charging control module through the charging station to the electronic device to instruct the electronic device to operate in airplane mode;
determining whether the electronic device is operating in airplane mode;
based on a determination that the electronic device is operating in airplane mode, activating the charging station; and
based on a determination that the electronic device is not operating in airplane mode, disabling the charging station.

US Pat. No. 10,218,201

CHARGE AND DISCHARGE CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD

Institute For Information...

1. A charge and discharge control apparatus, comprising:a first communication interface, being configured to receive a stored electricity parameter of a storage battery, the stored electricity parameter carrying a stored electricity amount of the storage battery;
a processing unit, being electrically connected to the first communication interface and configured to divide the stored electricity amount into a backup electricity amount and a plurality of predetermined discharge amount corresponding to a plurality of dispatching time points, each of the dispatching time points corresponding to a dispatching period and a predetermined discharge power; and
a second communication interface, being electrically connected to the processing unit and an electric loop and configured to receive a load parameter of the electric loop at each of the dispatching time points, each of the load parameters carrying a load power of the electric loop;
wherein the processing unit further performs the following operations at each of the dispatching time points: deciding a real discharge power that the storage battery provides to the electric loop according to a dispatching threshold and the load power corresponding to the dispatching time point and updating the backup electricity amount according to the real discharge power and the predetermined discharge amount.

US Pat. No. 10,218,200

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENHANCING THE PERFORMANCE AND UTILIZATION OF BATTERY SYSTEMS

GBatteries Energy Canada ...

1. A method of energy exchange in a battery having a plurality of battery cells, the method comprising:exchanging a sequence of pulses between two or more battery cells of the plurality of battery cells, wherein:
the sequence of pulses includes at least one supercluster of pulses,
the at least one supercluster of pulses includes a plurality of clusters of pulses,
each of the plurality of clusters of pulses includes a plurality of pulses that have opposite polarities, and
a relaxation period after each cluster of the plurality of clusters of pulses is longer than a relaxation period between adjacent pulses within the corresponding cluster.

US Pat. No. 10,218,199

SYSTEM OF BATTERIES AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THIS SYSTEM

RENAULT S.A.S., Boulogne...

1. A system of electric batteries comprising:a first battery and a second battery that are connected to each other by a first polarity and a second polarity, wherein the first battery comprises:
a first relay and a second relay for direct connection respectively of a first pole of the first battery to the first polarity and a second pole of the first battery to the second polarity;
a third relay connecting the second pole to the second polarity across a preload resistance of the first battery;
a secondary power supply common to the first battery and the second battery to provide an activation energy to the first relay, the second relay, and the third relay;
means of supervision arranged to control activation of the first relay, the second relay, and the third relay in a staggered manner so that each activation of a relay follows a previous activation by at least a predetermined time period as a function of characteristics of the first, second and third relays so that a power supply current of the relay is about the same as a maintenance current level after a preceding activation command and expiration of the time period, wherein the first battery and the second battery are connected in parallel, and the third relay is activated first for connection of each of the first and second batteries.

US Pat. No. 10,218,198

BATTERY PACK

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a battery including a plurality of battery cells; and
a battery manager to manage the battery, wherein the battery manager includes a mode receiver to receive mode selection signals from an electronic device wherein all mode selection signals are input through a same input terminal, wherein,
the mode receiver includes a first transistor, a second transistor, and a third transistor connected in parallel to the input terminal, and
the battery manager includes a main controller to receive information from the mode receiver and to control the battery and the electronic device, wherein the main controller is to classify the mode selection signals from the electronic device based on on/off information of the first transistor, the second transistor, and the third transistor and to control the battery and the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,218,197

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR UTILIZING PLURALITY OF CHARGING CIRCUITS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a first charging circuit and a second charging circuit configured to charge a battery of the electronic device;
a state determination module configured to detect a connection of the electronic device to a charging device, and determine a state of the electronic device; and
a processor configured to select one of the first charging circuit and the second charging circuit based on the state of the electronic device,
wherein the first charging circuit comprises a switching charger and the second charging circuit comprises a linear charger,
wherein the state determination module is configured to detect at least one state from a group comprising surrounding electric field strength, remaining battery amount, battery temperature, communication throughput, and EMI noise, and
wherein the processor is configured to select the switching charger, when the detected state is included in a first range, and to select the linear charger, when the detected state is included in a second range.

US Pat. No. 10,218,196

SELECTION OF CHARGING MODES FOR AUTONOMOUS DEVICE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system of selecting charging modes for a rechargeable energy storage unit in an autonomous device, the system comprising:a controller operatively connected to the rechargeable energy storage unit and including a processor and tangible, non-transitory memory on which is recorded instructions;
wherein execution of the instructions by the processor causes the controller to:
determine availability of at least one charging station and at least one parking lot through a survey of local charging infrastructure and local parking infrastructure, respectively, within a predefined radius of the autonomous device;
determine if it is cost-effective during an excursion to incur a charging fee at the at least one charging station or incur a parking fee at the at least one parking lot; and
if it is cost-effective to incur the charging fee, then the controller is configured to selectively employ at least one of a plurality of charging modes, including an open-ended charging mode and a defined departure charging mode.

US Pat. No. 10,218,195

SWITCHING-TYPE CHARGING CIRCUIT CAPABLE OF QUICKLY DROPPING THE VOLTAGE AT THE INPUT END TO ZERO

ANPEC ELECTRONICS CORPORA...

6. A switching-type charging circuit, having an input end and an output end, wherein an input voltage is received by the input end of the switching-type charging circuit and an output voltage is correspondingly provided to a battery from the output end of the switching-type charging circuit, comprising:a first switch;
a current detection unit, connected to the first switch, detecting a current flowing through the first switch;
a switching circuit, connected to the input end of the switching-type charging circuit through the first switch, receiving the input voltage and providing the output voltage to the battery through an inductor;
a control circuit, connected between the inductor and the output end of the switching-type charging circuit, adjusting a duty cycle of the switching circuit according to the output voltage of the switching-type charging circuit; and
a comparator, wherein a non-inverting input end of the comparator is connected to the current detection unit, an inverting input end of the comparator receives a reference current signal, and an output end of the comparator is connected to the control circuit;
wherein the battery generates a second inductive current and the second inductive current flows to the first switch through the inductor when the input voltage of the switching-type charging circuit is cut off, the current detection unit outputs a current signal indicating the current flowing through the first switch, the comparator compares the current signal and the reference current signal and outputs a comparison result to the control circuit, and the control circuit decreases a working frequency of the switching circuit when the comparison result indicates that the current signal is larger than or equal to the reference current signal, such that the second inductive current of the battery decreases and the current flowing through the first switch decreases to be equal to or less than a preset current.

US Pat. No. 10,218,193

E-CIGARETTE AND RE-CHARGING PACK

Nicoventures Holdings Lim...

1. A rechargeable e-cigarette comprising:a battery which provides a voltage output that has a maximum level when the battery is fully charged;
a connector located on an exterior of the e-cigarette to allow the e-cigarette to be electrically connected to an external power supply for re-charging without disassembly of the e-cigarette; and
a recharging mechanism for re-charging the battery using power from the external power supply when the connector is electrically connected to the external power supply;
wherein the re-charging mechanism is configured to determine the voltage output of the battery, and to prevent re-charging of the battery if the voltage output of the battery is above a first predefined threshold level, wherein the first predefined threshold level is below the maximum level of the voltage output of the battery, wherein the first predefined threshold level (P) represents an offset (O) relative to the maximum voltage output level (M) of the battery, and wherein O=M?P, and O is in a range of 0.075V to 0.3V.

US Pat. No. 10,218,192

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND POWER ADAPTER, INCLUDING MAIN CONTROL CIRCUIT, THEREFOR

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A power adapter, comprising a communication interface through which the power adapter charges a battery in an electronic device and performs a data communication with the electronic device, an electromagnetic interference (EMI) filtering circuit, a high-voltage rectifying and filtering circuit, an isolation transformer, an output filtering circuit, and a voltage tracking and controlling circuit, wherein,the power adapter further comprises a power circuit, a main control circuit, a potential adjusting circuit, a current detection circuit, a voltage detection circuit and an output switch circuit;
an input end of the power circuit is connected with a secondary end of the isolation transformer; a power end of the main control circuit, a power end of the potential adjusting circuit and a power end of the current detection circuit are collectively connected with an output end of the power circuit; both a high-level end of the main control circuit and a high-level end of the potential adjusting circuit are connected with a positive output end of the output filtering circuit; a potential adjusting end of the potential adjusting circuit is connected with the voltage tracking and controlling circuit; a direct current input end of the current detection circuit is connected with the positive output end of the output filtering circuit; a current feedback end of the current detection circuit is connected with a current detecting end of the main control circuit; a clock output end of the main control circuit is connected with a clock input end of the potential adjusting circuit; a data output end of the main control circuit is connected with a data input end of the potential adjusting circuit; a first detecting end and a second detecting end of the voltage detection circuit are connected with a direct current output end of the current detection circuit and a negative output end of the output filtering circuit respectively; a first output end and a second output end of the voltage detection circuit are connected with a first voltage detecting end and a second voltage detecting end of the main control circuit respectively; an input end of the output switch circuit is connected with the direct current output end of the current detection circuit; an output end of the output switch circuit is connected with a third detecting end of the voltage detection circuit; a ground end of the output switch circuit is connected with the negative output end of the output filtering circuit; a controlled end of the output switch circuit is connected with a switching control end of the main control circuit; a power end of the output switch circuit is connected with the secondary end of the isolation transformer; each of the negative output end of the output filtering circuit, the output end of the output switch circuit and a first communication end and a second communication end of the main control circuit is connected with the communication interface;
the power circuit obtains power supply from the isolation transformer and provides the power supply for the main control circuit, the potential adjusting circuit and the current detection circuit; when a quick charging is performed on the battery in the electronic device, the potential adjusting circuit drives the voltage tracking and controlling circuit to adjust an output voltage of the isolation transformer according to a control signal sent by the main control circuit; the current detection circuit detects an output current of the power adapter and feeds back a current detecting signal to the main control circuit, and the voltage detection circuit detects an output voltage of the power adapter and feeds back a voltage detecting signal to the main control circuit; the output switch circuit turns on or off a direct current output of the power adapter according to a switching control signal sent by the main control circuit;
when a conventional charging or a quick charging is performed on the battery in the electronic device, the main control circuit determines whether the output current of the power adapter is greater than a current threshold according to the current detecting signal and determines whether the output voltage of the power adapter is greater than a voltage threshold according to the voltage detecting signal; if the output current of the power adapter is greater than the current threshold and/or the output voltage of the power adapter is greater than the voltage threshold, the main control circuit controls the output switch circuit to turn off the direct current output of the power adapter;
during the data communication between the main control circuit and the electronic device, if the electronic device determines that the output current of the power adapter is greater than the current threshold and/or the output voltage of the power adapter is greater than the voltage threshold, and feeds back a charging stop instruction to the main control circuit, the main control circuit controls the output switch circuit to turn off the direct current output of the power adapter according to the charging stop instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,218,190

BATTERY APPARATUS AND CELL BALANCING CIRCUITS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A battery apparatus, comprising:a plurality of first battery cells connected in series with one another;
a switching circuit to selectively couple first and second switching circuit nodes with a selected battery cell of the plurality of first battery cells;
a balancing circuit to transfer charge between the selected battery cell and a second battery, the balancing circuit including:
a first pair of battery connections coupled with the first and second switch circuit nodes,
a second pair of battery connections to couple with a second battery,
a transformer, including:
a first winding wound around a transformer core and coupled with the first pair of battery connections,
a second winding wound around the transformer core and coupled with the second pair of battery connections, and
a third winding wound around the transformer core,
a first rectifier circuit coupled to receive a signal from the third winding, the first rectifier circuit operative to provide a first rectifier output signal according to the signal from the third winding,
a first transistor coupled between the first pair of battery connections and the first winding, the first transistor including a first control terminal,
a second transistor coupled between the second pair of battery connections and the second winding, the second transistor including a second control terminal coupled to receive a signal from the second winding responsive to current flow in the first winding to allow current flow between the second winding and the second pair of battery connections, and
a first control circuit responsive to a first enable signal transitioning to a first state to provide a first pulse signal to the first control terminal of the first transistor to turn on the first transistor to allow current flow in the first winding, the first control circuit being responsive to the first rectifier output signal indicating current flow in the second winding below a threshold value while the first enable signal remains in the first state to provide a further pulse signal to the first control terminal of the first transistor to again turn on the first transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,218,189

ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An electrical circuit that comprises multiple electrically interconnected modules of the same type, each module interconnected with at least one other module by a pair of module terminals, each module having at least one electrical energy store or at least one electrical energy storage unit and at least two electrical switches that allow the connectivity of the at least one electrical energy store or of the at least one energy storage unit in relation to the at least one energy store or energy storage units of other modules to be changed, wherein at least one module of the multiple electrically interconnected modules comprises the at least one electrical energy storage unit that has at least two electrically series-connected electrical energy stores, wherein each of the series-connected electrical energy stores has at least one correction element that is configured to draw off electrical charge from the energy storage unit, or direct electrical charge into the energy storage unit, such that some of the electrical energy stores of the energy storage unit have a smaller electric current flowing through them than the other electrical energy stores of the energy storage unit,wherein each of the multiple electrically interconnected modules are configured to use suitable activation of the respective at least two electrical switches to selectively represent each of at least the following two states:
(1) the at least one electrical energy store or the at least one electrical energy storage unit of a module of the multiple electrically interconnected modules is connected in series with the at least one electrical energy store or the at least one electrical energy storage unit of a further module of the multiple electrically interconnected modules; and
(2) the at least one electrical energy store or the at least one electrical energy storage unit of a module of the multiple electrically interconnected modules is connected in parallel with the at least one electrical energy store or the at least one electrical energy storage unit of a further module of the multiple electrically interconnected modules.

US Pat. No. 10,218,188

STRING CURRENT LIMITED BATTERY CHARGING CONTROL

General Electric Company,...

1. A battery system, comprising:one or more control devices configured to control a charging output of a charger based at least in part on a string current of at least one of a plurality of battery strings, wherein the charging output is set to a minimum string voltage and increases based on feedback from the plurality of battery strings;
wherein the one or more control devices is configured to control a plurality of battery string contactors, each battery string contactor associated with at least one of the plurality of battery strings, to sequentially couple each of the plurality of battery strings to the charger when a charging voltage of the charger exceeds a battery string voltage associated with the battery string; and
wherein the one or more control devices is configured to sequentially couple the plurality of battery strings to the charger in ascending order of battery string voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,218,187

SIGNAL MODULATOR AND METHOD OF USE

1. A method of modulating a signal passing through a signal processing circuit comprising:providing a primary power supply and connecting an output of said primary power supply to an input of at least one wireless power transmitter at a first connection; and
connecting a power output from at least one wireless power receiver to a power input of said signal processing circuit at a second connection; and
positioning said wireless power transmitter at a distance from said wireless power receiver such that said wireless power receiver is receiving power from said wireless power transmitter; and
increasing said distance between said wireless power transmitter and said wireless power receiver, thereby reducing power transmitted to said signal processing circuit; and
decreasing said distance between said wireless power transmitter and said wireless power receiver, thereby increasing power transmitted to said signal processing circuit; and
providing at least one parallel circuit that contains a variable load wherein said parallel circuit is coupled between said first connection and said second connection; and
providing an unprocessed input signal into said signal processing circuit, wherein said signal processing circuit modulates said input signal based at least on the power transmitted to said signal processing circuit; and
providing a processed output signal from said signal processing circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,218,186

POWER FEEDING DEVICE AND NON-CONTACT POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A power feeding device for transmitting power to a power receiving device in a non-contact manner, the power feeding device comprising:a power feeding coil unit including a magnetic body unit in which at least three magnetic bodies are spaced apart in a first direction, and a plurality of power feeding coils each formed of a wire wound around at least two magnetic bodies of the at least three magnetic bodies in the magnetic body unit;
a selection unit that selects a coil to which power is supplied from among the plurality of power feeding coils; and
a drive unit that supplies power to the coil selected by the selection unit,
wherein
the plurality of power feeding coils, which are located adjacently in the first direction, are configured such that the wires of the plurality of power feeding coils are wound in common around one or more magnetic bodies of the at least three magnetic bodies, the number of the one or more magnetic bodies being less than the number of the at least two magnetic bodies,
each of the at least three magnetic bodies has a longitudinal axis, and
the longitudinal axes of the at least three magnetic bodies are spaced perpendicular to the longitudinal axes and are parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,218,185

DEVICE FOR SWITCHING A SEMICONDUCTOR-BASED SWITCH AND SENSOR FOR DETECTING A CURRENT CHANGE VELOCITY AT A SEMICONDUCTOR-BASED SWITCH

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. Device for switching a semiconductor-based switch, comprising:a terminal configured to be connected to a control terminal of the semiconductor-based switch;
a controllable deactivation voltage source connected to the terminal and configured to provide, at least temporarily, a switching potential at a potential node; and
a control device configured to control the controllable deactivation voltage source in a time-varying manner, so that the controllable deactivation voltage source provides the switching potential during a switching interval at the potential node;
wherein the switching potential is galvanically coupled to a supply node to which a supply potential of the control device is applied and has a lower potential value than a threshold voltage of the semiconductor-based switch;
wherein the control device is configured to control the controllable deactivation voltage source so that, based on the provided switching potential, charge carriers that are stored in a control capacitance of the semiconductor-based switch flow out of the control capacitance and contribute to an operation of the control device based on the galvanic coupling; and
wherein the controllable deactivation voltage source is further connected to a static OFF-voltage and is configured to provide, when the controllable deactivation voltage source does not provide the switching potential, the holding potential at least temporarily, wherein the holding potential has a lower potential value than the threshold voltage of the semiconductor-based switch, so that when the controllable deactivation voltage source provides the static OFF-voltage, switching of the semiconductor-based switch is prevented.

US Pat. No. 10,218,183

HOUSEHOLD PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM AND SMART MICRO-GRID SYSTEM

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A household photovoltaic system, comprising a photovoltaic assembly module, a household photovoltaic inverter and an alternating current (AC) grid, whereinthe household photovoltaic system further comprises a monitoring assembly and a wireless communication assembly;
the monitoring assembly comprises direct current (DC)-side monitoring assemblies each configured to monitor an operating parameter of an output end of the photovoltaic assembly module, and AC-side monitoring assemblies each configured to monitor an operating parameter of an output end of the household photovoltaic inverter; and
the wireless communication assembly comprises a DC-side wireless communication assembly configured to transmit the operating parameter monitored by each DC-side monitoring assembly to a predetermined monitoring terminal, and an AC-side wireless communication assembly configured to transmit the operating parameter monitored by each AC-side monitoring assembly to the predetermined monitoring terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,218,182

PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS WITH VOLTAGE LIMITING DEVICES

SunPower Corporation, Sa...

1. A photovoltaic system comprising:a plurality of voltage limiting devices that are connected in series;
a plurality of photovoltaic strings, each of the photovoltaic strings comprising series-connected solar cells, wherein a voltage of each of the photovoltaic strings is configured to be clipped or unclipped by a corresponding voltage limiting device; and
a central controller configured to send a synchronization signal to synchronize unclipping of voltages of photovoltaic strings that are clipped by corresponding clipped voltage limiting devices,
wherein the clipped voltage limiting devices are configured to unclip at substantially the same time in synchronization with the synchronization signal.

US Pat. No. 10,218,181

GRID FREQUENCY RESPONSE

Reactive Technologies Lim...

1. A method of determining, in a measurement system, a frequency response characteristic within a synchronous area of an electric power grid, electricity flowing in the grid in accordance with a grid frequency, wherein the electric power grid is connected to a first group of one or more power units each arranged to consume electric power from and/or provide electric power to the electric power grid such that a change in power provision and/or consumption by said first group of one or more power units results in a change in power flow in the electric power grid, wherein power flow to and/or from each of the power units is modulated on the basis of a sequence of control signals, thereby modulating the grid frequency to provide a frequency modulated signal according to the sequence of control signals, the method comprising:measuring, in the measurement system, a frequency characteristic relating to a frequency of electricity flowing in the electric power grid;
accessing a database storing data relating to power characteristics of said one or more power units and determining, on the basis thereof, a characteristic relating to said power flow modulation; and
determining a frequency response characteristic associated with at least one area of said electric power grid on the basis of the measured frequency characteristic and the determined power flow modulation characteristic, wherein the frequency response characteristic relates to an inertia characteristic and/or a stiffness characteristic of the electric power grid.

US Pat. No. 10,218,180

START-UP OF HVDC NETWORKS

GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLO...

14. A control apparatus for controlling a voltage source converter to energise a DC link comprising:a voltage order generating module for generating a voltage order for controlling the voltage source converter to generate a DC voltage on the DC link based on a time varying voltage reference signal; and
a voltage reference module for generating said time varying voltage reference signal, wherein a rate of change of the voltage reference signal varies over time, the time varying voltage reference signal and the rate of change of the voltage reference signal being selected to prevent an overvoltage on the DC link while the DC link is being energized.

US Pat. No. 10,218,179

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DYNAMIC INTELLIGENT LOAD BALANCING

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method for load balancing in a hierarchical power distribution network, the method comprising:connecting a plurality of nodes in a plurality of levels in the hierarchical power distribution network, wherein each of the plurality of nodes in the plurality of levels includes a power meter and phase switches, wherein the phase switches rotate connections of phase contacts for a plurality of phases, wherein one of the plurality of nodes is a root node residing at a highest level in the hierarchy of the power distribution network, wherein the root node is directly connected to a subset of the plurality of nodes in a next lower level of the hierarchy, and wherein subsequent subsets of the plurality of nodes in subsequent lower levels of the hierarchy are directly connected to a previous higher level of the hierarchy;
monitoring power drawn by a plurality of loads in the plurality of phases in the plurality of nodes through the power meters at the plurality of nodes;
rotating the phase switches of the subset of nodes in the lowest level of the hierarchy in the plurality of phases to minimize the difference among the loads of the subset of nodes in the lowest level in each of the plurality of phases; and
repeating the step of rotating for each of the previous higher levels in the hierarchy until the root node is reached to maximize the load balance in the root node.

US Pat. No. 10,218,178

DYNAMIC REACTIVE COMPENSATION

1. A method, comprising:determining, by a computing device, a real power flow at a transformer at a given time;
determining, by the computing device, a reactive power flow at the transformer at the given time;
computing, by the computing device based on the real power and reactive power flow at the transformer, an amount of reactive power adjustment to produce a desired voltage differential across the transformer; and
adjusting, by the computing device, the reactive power flow from a secondary side of the transformer at substantially the given time based on the computed amount;
wherein the transformer is one of a plurality of transformers along a feeder line, and wherein the desired voltage differential across each particular transformer of the plurality of transformers is specifically based on accounting for feeder line impedance between the plurality of transformers along the feeder line, in order to produce substantially the same voltage output on corresponding secondary sides of the plurality of transformers.

US Pat. No. 10,218,177

PLUG-IN DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCE

SunPower Corporation, Sa...

1. A distributed energy resource (DER) comprising:a plug configured to couple to an AC circuit and receive or deliver AC power from or to the AC circuit;
an energy storage circuit;
one or more controllers;
a program memory storing executable instructions that when executed by the one or more controllers cause the DER to:
determine an amperage difference between a first threshold value and the amperage of an AC power transmitted to a load device plugged into the DER,
determine whether to set the DER to a charge state or a discharge state,
if the DER is set to a charge state, charge the energy storage circuit with AC power received from the AC circuit only if the amperage difference is above a charge threshold value, and
if the DER is set to a discharge state, deliver AC power to the AC circuit by discharging the energy storage circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,218,176

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING LOCAL VOLTAGE

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, Bei...

1. A method for controlling a local voltage, comprising:S1, obtaining a first voltage value of a high-voltage side bus in a local transformer substation;
S2, determining a control strategy according to a starting threshold value for a voltage enhancement control, a starting threshold value for an under-voltage load shedding and the first voltage value of the high-voltage side bus, wherein the starting threshold value for the voltage enhancement control and the starting threshold value for the under-voltage load shedding are predetermined; and
S3, performing the control strategy to control a charging power of an electric vehicle charging station corresponding to the local transformer substation, so as to control the local voltage of the local transformer substation;
wherein if the first voltage value of the high-voltage side bus is less than the starting threshold value for the voltage enhancement control and larger than the starting threshold value for the under-voltage load shedding, performing the control strategy comprises: performing a voltage enhancement control strategy;
if the first voltage value of the high-voltage side bus is less than the starting threshold value for the under-voltage load shedding, performing the control strategy comprises: performing a voltage emergency control strategy;
wherein performing a voltage enhancement control strategy comprises:
S311, obtaining a current electric vehicle charging power of the electric vehicle charging station;
S312, judging whether the electric vehicle charging station has a vehicle-to-grid function;
S313, if the electric vehicle charging station does not have the vehicle-to-grid function, calculating a droop coefficient according to a maximum limit of a local electric vehicle charging load, the starting threshold value for the voltage enhancement control and the starting threshold value for the under-voltage load shedding, and calculating an intercept coefficient according to the droop coefficient and the starting threshold value for the under-voltage load shedding;
S314, if the electric vehicle charging station has the vehicle-to-grid function, calculating the droop coefficient according to the maximum limit of the local electric vehicle charging load, the starting threshold value for the voltage enhancement control, the starting threshold value for the under-voltage load shedding and a minimum limit of an electric vehicle charging power, and calculating the intercept coefficient according to the droop coefficient, the minimum limit of the electric vehicle charging power and the starting threshold value for the under-voltage load shedding;
S315, calculating an allowable upper limit of the current electric vehicle charging power according to the droop coefficient and the intercept coefficient, and calculating an allowable step size of the voltage enhancement control according to the allowable upper limit of the current electric vehicle charging power; and
S316, calculating a setting value of the electric vehicle charging power according to the allowable step size of the voltage enhancement control and the current electric vehicle charging power, and sending the setting value of the electric vehicle charging power to the electric vehicle charging station, such that the electric vehicle charging station charges electric vehicles according to the setting value.

US Pat. No. 10,218,174

METHOD FOR COLLISION MONITORING

Krones AG, Neutraubling ...

1. A method for collision monitoring comprising:dynamically determining a limit value for a measured variable that is indicative of a collision between a movable component of a container handling machine and an additional component or a container for a current period of movement of the movable component on a basis of the measured variable as measured during a preceding period of movement of the movable component, wherein the movable component is a periodically moving, electrically driven component;
determining, for the movable component of the container handling machine, whether the limit value for the measured variable that is indicative of a collision between the movable component and the additional component or the container is exceeded; and
responsive to determining that the limit value is exceeded, prompting a drive of the movable component to be shut down.

US Pat. No. 10,218,173

AC/DC CONVERTER FOR FEEDING NON-LINEAR HIGH-POWER LOADS (E.G. ELECTROLYZERS) WITH REDUCING CURRENT HARMONICS

Javad Jamali, Tehran (IR...

1. A modular alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC) converter system, comprising:a wye transformer, comprising a first set of secondary windings, wherein the first set of secondary windings comprises three secondary windings per each phase of a three-phase AC network;
a first set of three bridge rectifiers, wherein:
each bridge rectifier of the first set of three bridge rectifiers is connected to windings of the first set of secondary windings; and
each bridge rectifier of the first set of three bridge rectifiers supplies a DC current to a respective load;
a delta transformer, comprising a second set of secondary windings, wherein the second set of secondary windings comprises three secondary windings per each phase of the three-phase AC network;
a second set of three bridge rectifiers, wherein:
each bridge rectifier of the second set of three bridge rectifiers is connected to windings of the second set of secondary windings; and
each bridge rectifier of the second set of three bridge rectifiers supplies a DC current to a respective load; and
a controller configured to control each bridge rectifier of the first set of three bridge rectifiers and the second set of three bridge rectifiers in order to:
control a DC current passing through each bridge rectifier of the first set of three bridge rectifiers such that a summation of current harmonics, generated by each bridge rectifier of the first set of three bridge rectifiers, at the wye transformer is reduced; and
control a DC current passing through each bridge rectifier of the second set of three bridge rectifiers such that a summation of current harmonics, generated by each bridge rectifier of the second set of three bridge rectifiers, at the delta transformer is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,218,171

SURGE PROTECTION CIRCUIT

NXP B.V., San Jose, CA (...

1. A surge protection circuit, comprising:a current conducting unit (MN51) connected between an input terminal and ground;
an amplification circuit including (i) a first transistor (MP51) having a source terminal connected to the input terminal, (ii) a first resistor (R51) connected between a drain terminal of the first transistor and the ground, (iii) a second transistor (MN52) having a source terminal connected to the ground, and (iv) a second resistor (R52) connected between the input terminal and a drain terminal of the second transistor, wherein a gate of the first transistor is connected to the drain terminal of the second transistor and the current conducting unit is connected to the drain terminal of the first transistor;
a voltage lifting circuit including (i) a third transistor (MP52) having a source terminal connected to the input terminal, (ii) a third resistor (R53) connected between the input, terminal and a gate terminal of the third transistor, and (iii) fourth and fifth resistors (R54 and R55) connected in series between a drain terminal of the third transistor and the ground, wherein a gate terminal of the second transistor is connected to a node between the fourth and fifth resistors; and
a DC voltage detection circuit connected between the gate terminal of the first transistor and the ground.

US Pat. No. 10,218,170

CURRENT-LIMITING DEVICE UTILIZING A SUPERCONDUCTOR FOR A CURRENT-LIMITING OPERATION

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. A current-limiting device that uses a superconductor to perform a current-limiting operation, the current-limiting device comprising:a superconducting current-limiting element including said superconductor;
a capacitor connected in series to said superconducting current-limiting element;
a reactor further connected in series to a series circuit including said superconducting current-limiting element and said capacitor; and
a bypass switch connected in parallel to said series circuit,
the current-limiting device being configured so that, in a normal state, the bypass switch is turned off and, in the case where overcurrent flows in the current-limiting device, the superconducting current-limiting element autonomously shifts to a normal conducting state and the bypass switch is turned on.

US Pat. No. 10,218,169

OVERHEAT PROTECTION UNIT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An overheat protection unit comprising:a switching element controlling a driving current supplied from a power to a load by a pulse width modulation;
a driving unit controlling a drive of the switching element;
a temperature detection unit directly or indirectly detecting a temperature of the switching element; and
a protection circuit unit changing a driving type of the driving unit based on the temperature detected by the temperature detection unit, wherein
the protection circuit unit previously sets three thresholds that are predetermined relative to the temperature, the three thresholds include a first threshold, a second threshold that is greater than the first threshold, and a third threshold that is less than the first threshold,
when the temperature detected by the temperature detection unit is less than the first threshold, the protection circuit unit controls to execute a normal operation by the pulse width modulation,
when the temperature is greater than or equal to the first threshold and is less than the second threshold, the protection circuit unit controls to execute a first heat dissipation suppressing operation that suppresses a self-heating of the switching element,
when the temperature is greater than or equal to the second threshold, the protection circuit unit controls to execute a full off operation that terminates the switching element, and
when the temperature is decreased to be less than the first threshold and to be greater than or equal to the third threshold after the temperature becomes greater than or equal to the second threshold, the protection circuit unit controls to execute a second heat dissipation suppressing operation that suppresses a heat dissipated due to an energization of the switching element.

US Pat. No. 10,218,168

LOAD SIDE GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTION PROTECTION FOR FLUID PUMP MOTOR

Thomas M. Bangle, Priest...

1. A method for providing ground fault circuit interruption protection for a pump motor, comprising:providing an electric motor configured to mechanically drive a load, a motor controller in electronic communication with the motor, and a control panel housing the motor controller, wherein the control panel includes an emergency stop located on an outer cover of the control panel such that the emergency stop can be activated with the outer cover closed on the panel;
providing a ground fault circuit interrupter device configured to determine a current difference between at least two motor leads located between the motor controller and the electric motor, on a load side of the electric motor downstream of the motor controller and upstream of the motor; and
interrupting a flow of current to the electric motor in response to the current difference exceeding a threshold current difference, and wherein the outer cover further includes a ground fault circuit interrupter device reset.

US Pat. No. 10,218,167

CIRCUIT BREAKER

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A circuit breaker for an electrical circuit, comprising:a tripping unit to interrupt the electrical circuit; and
at least one current sensor to determine electrical current flowing through the circuit breaker, the tripping unit and at least one current sensor being connected to a control unit and being configured such that a determined current is comparable with current/period limit values and, upon a current/period limit value being exceeded, the tripping unit is configured to interrupt the electrical circuit, the current/period limit values including:
an adjustable first current limit value, necessary to be present for a first period to effect an interruption,
an adjustable second period, during which a second current limit value is necessary to be present to effect an interruption,
a range between the first current limit value during the first period and the second current limit value during the second period, the range relatively decreasing with relatively increasing current limit values in order to effect an interruption, wherein the second current limit value is adjustable at the circuit breaker,
wherein the circuit breaker includes a fixed rated current and wherein the second current limit value is adjustable as a multiple of the rated current,
wherein an adjustable third current limit value, relatively less than or equal to the rated current, which when exceeded, causes an interruption with a relatively long time delay, the period relatively decreasing with relatively increasing current limit values, to be affected by way of a current/period limit value characteristic curve which includes an inverse power function including a supporting point:
a first multiple of the third current limit value during a third period, and wherein a fourth current limit value is provided which, when exceeded, causes the circuit breaker to interrupt the electrical circuit without a delay.

US Pat. No. 10,218,166

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC MONITORING OF CONTROLLER CURRENT CONSUMPTION

SanDisk Technologies LLC,...

1. A monitoring device comprising:an analog module configured to sense current on an output of a voltage regulator and to generate a digital representation of the sensed current, wherein the digital representation comprises a series of pulses, with values of amplitude of the series of pulses being selected from the group consisting of a first value and a second value; and
a digital module configured to:
input the digital representation of the sensed current;
determine, based on a time period between at least two pulses in the series of pulses, whether the digital representation is indicative of excessive current draw; and
in response to determining that the digital representation is indicative of excessive current draw, generate an interrupt, the interrupt signaling to a controller to modify operation of an electronic device comprising the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,218,165

TERMINATION FOR A SUPERCONDUCTIVE CABLE

NEXANS, Courbevoie (FR)

1. Termination for a superconducting cable which is arranged in a tubular cryostat, which serves for carrying a coolant, and has at least one electrical conductor, wherein the termination comprises:has an inner sheath, in which one end of the cable is arranged in a coolant, and
an outer sheath, wherein the sheaths are composed of electrically insulating material and insulating material is arranged in an existing intermediate space between the inner and the outer sheath,
wherein the inner sheath is connected to the cryostat, and
wherein the termination is arranged vertically in the assembly position such that a lower part of the inner and outer sheath is connected to earth and an upper part of the inner and outer sheath is connected to high-voltage potential in the operating state,
wherein, at their respective upper end, the inner sheath is closed off by a first bursting disc and the outer sheath is closed off by a second bursting disc.

US Pat. No. 10,218,164

METHOD OF FORMING WIRE OVERMOLD DEVICE

LITTLEFUSE, INC., Chicag...

1. A method for forming a wire overmold device, the method comprising:inserting one or more electronic components and at least one of a jacketed cable and one or more wires in a carrier body, the carrier body having a distal end and a proximal end;
at least partially enclosing the at least one of the jacketed cable and the one or more wires between a wire cap and the carrier body;
forming an overmold over the proximal end of the carrier body and at least portions of the wire cap and the distal end of the carrier body;
wherein the wire cap and the distal end of the carrier body protrude from the overmold.

US Pat. No. 10,218,163

SUMP JUNCTION BOX

OPW FUELING COMPONENTS, L...

1. A system comprising:a sump having an inner volume; and
a junction box coupled to said sump and including:
a body defining an inner volume;
a first inlet and a second inlet, wherein each inlet is in fluid communication with said inner volume of said body; and
a first outlet and a second outlet, wherein each outlet is in fluid communication with said inner volume of said body such that a first wire is positionable in said first inlet and said first outlet and a second wire is positionable in said second inlet and said second outlet, wherein each outlet is in fluid communication with said inner volume of said sump, and wherein each inlet is not in direct fluid communication with said inner volume of said sump.

US Pat. No. 10,218,162

HIGH VOLTAGE AERIAL CABLE SPACER

MARMON UTILITY, LLC, Mil...

1. A device for supporting and spacing three-phase power, high voltage aerial cables, the device comprising:a top piece configured to engage a support cable;
a first arm, a second arm, and a third arm, each arm having a distal end and a proximal end, the proximal ends of the first, second, and third arms connected to the top piece;
a first cable fastening system attached to the distal end of the first arm;
a second cable fastening system attached to the distal end of the second arm; and
a third cable fastening system attached to the distal end of the third arm,
wherein at least one of the first, second, and third cable fastening system is hingedly connected to the distal end of the first, second, or third arm such that the cable fastening system can pivot in more than one direction with respect to the arm to which the cable fastening system is attached.

US Pat. No. 10,218,161

INTEGRATED COMPACT BUSHING STRUCTURE COMBINING THE FUNCTIONALITY OF PRIMARY CONTACT WITH A CURRENT TRANSFORMER PRIMARY CONDUCTOR AND A POST INSULATOR

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A bushing structure for a switchgear comprising:a mounting portion constructed and arranged to mount the bushing structure, the mounting portion comprising a flange adapted to be mounted to a switchgear wall,
a barrel portion extending from the mounting portion and coaxial there-with, the barrel portion including a plurality of undulations in a peripheral surface thereof to increase creepage distance, and
a single, unitary primary contact disposed within and extending an entire length of the barrel portion, the primary contact having a first end constructed and arranged to be contacted by a movable contact of the switchgear and a second end constructed and arranged to be connected with a separate busbar, and
a metallic shield embedded in the barrel portion,
wherein the metallic shield includes connection portions connected with the embedded metallic shield, with each connection portion having a portion extending through a wall of the barrel portion and outward through an outer periphery of the wall so as to be exposed and accessible immediately adjacent to the outer periphery of the wall of the barrel portion and spaced from the flange, the exposed portions of the connection portions being constructed and arranged to be connected with ground potential.

US Pat. No. 10,218,160

HYBRID ELECTRICAL HARNESS AND METHOD OF MAKING

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. An electrical harness comprising,a high temperature segment, a low temperature segment, and a transition segment disposed between the high temperature segment and the low temperature segment;
a conductor disposed within the electrical harness, wherein the conductor continuously spans the high temperature segment, the transition segment, and the low temperature segment;
a first insulator disposed radially outward of the conductor at the high temperature segment and the transition segment;
a first chafe resistant layer disposed radially outward of the conductor at the low temperature segment and the transition segment;
a binding material disposed radially outward of the first insulator and the first chafe resistant layer at the transition segment;
a second chafe resistant layer disposed radially outward of the first insulator at the high temperature segment and the binding material at the transition segment; and
a crimped structure disposed radially outward of the second chafe resistant layer at the transition segment.

US Pat. No. 10,218,159

ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM INCLUDING NEUTRAL CONNECTION DEVICE AND METHODS OF ASSEMBLING SAME

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. An electrical distribution system comprising:a bus bar assembly comprising:
a plurality of bus bars comprising a neutral bus bar and a plurality of power bus bars, wherein an insulating material is located between adjacent bus bars of said plurality of bus bars;
a circuit breaker coupled to said bus bar assembly and comprising a first end and a second end opposite said first end, said first end comprising a plurality of first conductive terminals electrically coupled to respective power bus bars of said plurality of power bus bars, said second end comprising a plurality of second conductive terminals, each second conductive terminal of said plurality of second conductive terminals electrically coupled to an associated first conductive terminal of said plurality of first conductive terminals, said plurality of second conductive terminals located a first distance from said plurality of power bus bars; and
a neutral connection device coupled to said bus bar assembly, said neutral connection device comprising:
a first end comprising a first conductive terminal electrically coupled to said neutral bus bar;
a second end opposite said neutral connection device first end, said second end comprising a second conductive terminal operable to electrically couple said neutral connection device to at least one electrical device; and
a conductive component extending between and electrically coupling said neutral connection device first and second conductive terminals, said neutral connection device second conductive terminal located a second distance from said neutral bus bar, the second distance one of greater than the first distance and equal to the first distance.

US Pat. No. 10,218,158

ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING PIVOTABLE COMPARTMENT COMPONENT, ROTATABLE COMPARTMENT ASSEMBLIES, AND OPERATIONAL SERVICING METHODS

SIEMENS INDUSTRY, INC., ...

1. An electrical distribution cabinet switchgear component, comprising:a compartment housing forming an internal compartment configured to contain secondary electrical components and configured to be coupled to an electrical distribution cabinet;
a hinge assembly coupled to the compartment housing; and
a wire guard coupled to the hinge assembly,
wherein the hinge assembly includes a hinge mount bracket coupled to the compartment housing, a first inner hinge component coupled to the hinge mount bracket, and a first outer hinge component pivotable to the first inner hinge component, the first outer hinge component coupled to the wire guard, and
wherein the hinge mount bracket includes a first mounting flange configured to mount the first inner hinge component, wherein the first mounting flange extends co-parallel to a side wall of the compartment housing.

US Pat. No. 10,218,157

LOADCENTERS WITH IMPROVED BACKPAN TO BACK WALL ASSEMBLY FASTENERS ALLOWING ONE DIRECTION ASSEMBLY AND RELATED ENCLOSURES AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A loadcenter comprising:an enclosure having an interior compartment and a back wall, wherein the back wall comprises a plurality of lances, wherein each lance has an inwardly extending projection that extends toward a front of the enclosure, and wherein each lance comprises an aperture provided by the inwardly extending projection; and
at least one cover, wherein each of the at least one cover is sized and configured to couple to a respective one of the lances.

US Pat. No. 10,218,156

HIGH STRENGTH DOOR SYSTEMS SUITABLE FOR LOAD CENTERS AND/OR METER BREAKERS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An enclosure for an electrical apparatus, comprising:a housing comprising a back and first and second spaced apart sidewalls extending outwardly from the back, the back and first and second sidewalls providing an interior space; and
a door pivotably attached to the housing, the door having a primary body with a bottom having a bottom flange and first and second laterally spaced apart side flanges, wherein the bottom flange and the side flanges have a folded inwardly extending edge joining first and second parallel wall segments that are orthogonal to the primary body of the door, and wherein the first and second parallel wall segments of the bottom flange comprise at least one slot extending through both the first and second parallel wall segments of the bottom flange.

US Pat. No. 10,218,155

CORONA IGNITION DEVICE HAVING A HOLLOW COIL BODY

BORGWARNER LUDWIGSBURG GM...

1. A corona ignition device, comprising:a coil comprising an elongate coil body and a coil winding wound onto the coil body;
an ignition electrode connected to the coil; and
an insulator, inside which the ignition electrode is situated;
wherein the coil body has a hollow section.

US Pat. No. 10,218,154

UNIT AND METHOD FOR CORONA TREATMENT

1. An apparatus for corona treatment, the apparatus including a corona treatment unit with an inlet side and an outlet side at opposite sides of a central part of the corona treatment unit, wherein the corona treatment unit includes at least one set of transverse electrodes, at least one electrode in each set being connected to a high voltage source and at least one second electrode connected electrically to ground, wherein the second electrode connected to ground, includes at least two rotatable transverse rollers, wherein the apparatus is a through-flow apparatus adapted for corona treatment of material in sheets, and including at least one conveying table with a transverse direction and a longitudinal direction, where the at least one conveying table includes mechanical conveyor means, wherein these mechanical conveying means are arranged at at least one of said inlet side and said outlet side of the corona treatment unit, where the at least two transverse rollers of the at least one set of transverse electrodes is electrically connected to ground, and arranged with a spacing, from the outer periphery to the nearest surface of a first electrode, where the apparatus is adapted for forming a corona between the first electrode, wherein the apparatus includes at least one suction box arranged under the conveying table around at least one transverse electrode formed by the at least two rotatable transverse rollers, where the electrode is electrically connected to ground, and where the suction box includes connection means for connecting a suction device below the conveying table so that suction is performed under the sheets and the at least two rotatable transverse rollers, a screen arranged around the first electrodes sucked-in air being drawn downwardly through the screen, through a gap formed between each of the at least two rotatable transverse rollers and a supporting surface arranged between the at least two rotatable transverse rollers, to and through the suction box, where the periphery on the at least two rotatable transverse rollers is arranged substantially at the same level as the surface of the mechanical conveying means; wherein the apparatus includes a replaceable cassette with at least two transverse electrodes of the at least one set of transverse electrodes, where each of the electrodes is connected to a high voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,218,153

SPARK PLUG

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A spark plug comprising:an insulator having an axial hole along an axial line;
a center electrode that is provided in the axial hole;
a cylindrical metal shell that is disposed around an outer periphery of the insulator; and
a ground electrode having a base end and a distal end, said base end being fixed to the metal shell,
wherein the ground electrode includes a distal end portion comprising;
a first surface that faces the center electrode,
a second surface that faces a direction opposite to the first surface,
an inclined surface that is formed continuously with a distal end of the first surface and is inclined with respect to the second surface such that a thickness of the ground electrode decreases towards a distal end side of the ground electrode, and
a welded portion formed on the inclined surface, said welded portion having a protrusion that protrudes toward the center electrode,
wherein a noble metal tip is joined to the inclined surface via the welded portion such that part of the noble metal tip is buried in the inclined surface,
wherein a width of the inclined surface is larger than a width of the noble metal tip, and
wherein A?B is satisfied, where A is a distance from the distal end of the ground electrode to a proximal-end-side end portion of the inclined surface and B is a distance from the distal end of the ground electrode to a proximal-end-side end portion of the noble metal tip.

US Pat. No. 10,218,152

SEMICONDUCTOR LASER DIODE WITH LOW THRESHOLD CURRENT

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A group III nitride based laser diode, comprising:an n-side group III nitride based semiconductor region, the n-side group III nitride based semiconductor region comprising an n-cladding layer and an n-guide layer;
a p-side group III nitride based semiconductor region, the p-side group III nitride based semiconductor region comprising a p-cladding layer and a p-guide layer; and
a group III nitride based active region between the p-side group III nitride based semiconductor region and the n-side group III nitride based semiconductor region, the group III nitride based active region comprising first and second quantum well layers and a barrier layer between the first and second quantum well layers, respective compositions of the first and second quantum well layers comprising different respective amounts of indium, an amount of indium of the second quantum well layer being greater than an amount of indium of the first quantum well layer, an indium amount ratio of the indium of the second quantum well layer to the indium of the first quantum well layer being 1.05 to 5;
wherein the first quantum well is closer to the n-side group III nitride based semiconductor region than the second quantum well, the second quantum well is closer to the p-side group III nitride based semiconductor region than the first quantum well, and the first quantum well has a larger band gap than that of the second quantum well.

US Pat. No. 10,218,151

LASER MODULE PACKAGE WITH DUAL COLORS AND MULTI-DIES

Arima Lasers Corp., Taoy...

1. A laser module package with dual colors and multi-dies, comprising:a housing made of metals with an opening arranged at a top thereof and a space therein;
at least a first printed circuit board and a second printed circuit board arranged in a long shape and disposed in said space;
a plurality of first reflectors and a plurality of second reflectors disposed in said space, respectively along a side of said first and second printed circuit boards;
a plurality of first dies fixed on said first printed circuit board and electrically connected thereto to emit a plurality of first laser beams to said corresponding first reflectors;
a plurality of second dies fixed on said second printed circuit board and electrically connected thereto to emit a plurality of second laser beams to said corresponding second reflectors, a color of said first laser beams being different from a color of said second laser beams, so as to form a laser module with dual colors and multi-dies;
a cover made of metals to be disposed on said housing and including a plurality of first openings and a plurality of second openings, each first opening arranged at a position correspondingly to a position of one of the first reflectors and each second opening arranged at a position correspondingly to a position of one of the second reflectors; and
a plurality of first collimators and a plurality of second collimators, each first collimator disposed in one of said first openings for said first reflectors to reflect a corresponding first laser beam to a corresponding first collimator and each second collimator disposed in one of said second openings for said second reflectors to reflect a corresponding second laser beam to a corresponding second collimator, each of said first and second collimators including a central protrusion and a flat surface surrounding said central protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,218,150

WAFER SCALE MONOLITHIC INTEGRATION OF LASERS, MODULATORS, AND OTHER OPTICAL COMPONENTS USING ALD OPTICAL COATINGS

International Business Ma...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor structure comprising:providing a laser in a first region of a semiconductor substrate and a modulator in a second region of the semiconductor substrate that is optically coupled to the laser, wherein the laser has a first facet on a first end of the laser that is proximal to the modulator and a second facet on a second end of the laser opposite the first end;
forming an anti-reflection coating on exposed surfaces of the modulator, but not the laser;
forming an etch stop portion on the anti-reflection coating;
forming a high reflection coating layer directly on physically exposed surfaces of the laser and the etch stop portion;
removing the high reflection coating layer from the etch stop portion and from a portion of the laser, while maintaining a portion of the high reflection coating layer on the second facet of the laser, wherein the maintained portion of the high reflection coating layer provides a high reflection coating on the second facet of the laser; and
removing the etch stop layer located on the anti-reflection coating.

US Pat. No. 10,218,148

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a plate-shaped stem;
a heat sink fixed on the plate-shaped stem;
a semiconductor laser element disposed on the heat sink;
a plurality of leads, each of which is connected to the semiconductor laser element via an electrically conductive member;
a cap comprising:
a first member comprising a ceramic,
a second member comprising a metal material, and
a support member fixed on the plate-shaped stem, the support member having a cylindrical shape,
wherein the second member is supported by the support member at an outer periphery of a lower surface of the second member, and the first member is supported by the second member, such that the semiconductor laser element is located closer to the second member than to the first member, and
wherein a first through-hole penetrates the first member, and a second through-hole penetrates the second member, each of the first and second through-holes having an opening that widens in a direction away from the semiconductor laser element, wherein an inner wall surface of the first member that defines the first through-hole is flush with an inner wall surface of the second member defining the second through-hole; and
a multilayered wavelength converting member comprising:
a first wavelength converting layer comprising a sintered body, and
a second wavelength converting layer comprising glass,
wherein both of the first and second wavelength converting layers comprise a fluorescent material,
wherein both of the first and second wavelength converting layers are disposed in the second through-hole and are supported by the second member at a location below the first through-hole, and
wherein the semiconductor laser element is located closer to the first wavelength converting layer than to the second wavelength converting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,218,146

LASER CRYSTAL

ATLA LASERS AS, Trondhei...

1. An optical system for a mode-locked laser oscillator or a regenerative, multi-pass or single pass amplifier, the optical system comprising:an active laser gain medium having a crystalline structure with non-phase-matched second-order optical non-linearity,
wherein the active laser gain medium is orientated such that a crystallographic axis thereof is parallel to a propagation vector of a laser pulse of laser radiation to reduce generation of a second harmonic of the laser radiation;
wherein the active laser gain medium comprises a host material selected from the group consisting of sulfides, selenides, and tellurides; and
wherein the active laser gain medium comprises a transition metal ion dopant in the host material.

US Pat. No. 10,218,145

VORTEX LASER GENERATION DEVICE IN DEGENERATE CAVITY WITH SPIRAL PHASE ELEMENT AND VORTEX LASER GENERATION METHOD

NATIONAL SUN YAT-SEN UNIV...

1. A vortex laser generation device in a degenerate cavity with a spiral phase element, comprising:a degenerate cavity, including:
a resonator mirror configured to receive a pump beam;
a gain medium disposed behind the resonator mirror;
an optical element configured to break an azimuthal symmetry of lasers and be disposed behind the gain medium; and
an output coupler disposed behind the optical element;
wherein the pump beam is emitted into the gain medium through the resonator mirror so that the gain medium absorbs the pump beam to generate the lasers, and then the lasers pass through the optical element and reflect between the resonator mirror and the output coupler for thus being a multiple pass transverse mode to form vortex lasers, and the vortex lasers are output by transmitting through the output coupler.

US Pat. No. 10,218,144

SOLID STATE LASER SYSTEM

LadarSystems, Beaverton,...

1. A method of bonding a heat spreader to a laser gain medium comprising:providing a RE:XAB gain medium within a resonator cavity, where X is selected from Y, Ca, Lu, Yb, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Ga, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, and where RE is selected from Lu, Y, Yb, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Pr, Tm, Cr, Ho, providing a heat spreader, and providing a bonding solution;
applying a volume of the bonding solution onto either a surface of the RE:XAB or a surface of the heat spreader, aligning the RE:XAB and the heat spreader, applying pressure to draw the surfaces of the RE:XAB gain medium and the heat spreader together thereby uniformly spreading the bonding solution; and
curing the bonding solution.

US Pat. No. 10,218,143

DUAL OUTPUT SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL AMPLIFIER-BASED TUNABLE FIBER LASER

Research Foundation of th...

1. A fiber laser module comprising:a nested-ring resonator that is configured to selectively actuate (1) a first fiber optic branch, (2) a second fiber optic branch or (3) a common fiber optic branch using a first coupler (C1) and a second coupler (C2), wherein
the first fiber optic branch comprises a first semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA1), a tunable optical filter (TF) and a first polarization controller (PC1);
the second fiber optic branch comprises a second semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA2) and a second polarization controller (PC2);
the third fiber optic branch comprises a third semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA3) and a third polarization controller (PC3);
a first Sagnac loop mirror (SLM1) directly connected to the first coupler (C1), the SLM1 comprising a fourth polarization controller (PC4), a third coupler (C3) and a first output (OUT1); and
a second Sagnac loop mirror (SLM2) directly connected to the second coupler (C2), the SLM2 comprising a fifth polarization controller (PC5) a fourth coupler (C4) and a second output (OUT2).

US Pat. No. 10,218,141

MODULATION PATTERN CALCULATION DEVICE, LIGHT CONTROL DEVICE, MODULATION PATTERN CALCULATION METHOD, MODULATION PATTERN CALCULATION PROGRAM, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A modulation pattern calculation apparatus for calculating a modulation pattern presented on a spatial light modulator configured to modulate at least one of an intensity spectrum and a phase spectrum of input light to bring a temporal intensity waveform of light close to a desired waveform, the apparatus comprising:an iterative Fourier transform unit configured to perform a Fourier transform on a waveform function in a frequency domain including an intensity spectrum function and a phase spectrum function, perform a first replacement of a temporal intensity waveform function based on the desired waveform in a time domain after the Fourier transform and then performing an inverse Fourier transform, and perform a second replacement to constrain one spectrum function of the intensity spectrum function and the phase spectrum function in the frequency domain after the inverse Fourier transform; and
a modulation pattern calculation unit configured to calculate the modulation pattern on the basis of the other spectrum function output from the iterative Fourier transform unit, wherein
the iterative Fourier transform unit is configured to perform the first replacement using a result of multiplying a function representing the desired waveform by a coefficient, and
the coefficient has a value in which a difference between the function after the multiplication and the temporal intensity waveform function after the Fourier transform is smaller than a difference before the multiplication of the coefficient.

US Pat. No. 10,218,140

LASER SECURITY INTERLOCKING DEVICE AND CORRESPONDING METHOD

Nuctech Company Limited, ...

1. A laser security interlocking device comprising:a housing;
a laser capable of emitting laser light in the housing; and
a laser light-emitting interlocking circuit,
wherein the housing comprises a door capable of being opened or closed, and based on the door being closed the housing defines an enclosed space within which the laser is positioned;
wherein the laser light-emitting interlocking circuit is configured to control the laser security interlocking device to automatically stop the laser emitting laser light before or while the door is opened;
and wherein the laser light-emitting interlocking circuit comprises:
a central control unit for associating an operation of the door with that of the laser so as to control operations of the door and the laser so that the laser is enabled only upon the door being closed or the laser being disabled before or while the door is opened;
a door state detecting device configured to detect whether the door is in an opened state or a closed state, and a signal indicating the detected opened state or the closed state of the door is transmitted to the central control unit;
an “AND” logic control unit configured to receive a signal from the central control unit for controlling the laser and the signal indicating the state of the door detected by the door state detecting device, and outputting a laser enable signal by means of hardware circuit based on the signal from the central control unit for controlling the laser to emit laser light and the signal indicating the closed state of the door detected by the door state detecting device, so that the laser emits laser light.

US Pat. No. 10,218,139

TWIST-ON WIRE CONNECTOR AND APPLICATION TOOL THEREFOR

IDEAL Industries, Inc., ...

1. A system for connecting electrical conductors, comprising:a twist-on wire connector comprising a connector housing having an upper end, a lower end having an opening, and a central cavity in communication with the opening for accommodating an electrical connecting element, the connector housing having a first driving feature; and
a tool for use in applying the twist-on wire connector to a plurality of electrical conductors comprising a tool housing having an upper end, a lower end having an opening, and a central cavity in communication with the opening for releasably receiving therein at least the upper end of the connector housing, the tool housing having a second driving feature that is complementary to the first driving feature such that, when the tool is fully positioned upon the twist-on wire connector, the second driving feature of the tool cooperates with the first driving feature of the twist-on wire connector only to cause the tool to be axially displaced relative to the twist-on wire connector such that the tool is free to move independent of and relative to first driving feature of the twist-on wire connector when the tool is moved in one rotational direction and the second driving feature of the tool cooperates with the first driving feature of the twist-on wire connector to cause the tool to drivingly engage and move therewith the twist-on wire connector when the tool is moved in an opposite rotational direction.

US Pat. No. 10,218,138

METHOD AND APPARATUS OF POWERING AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING A REMOVABLE POWER SUPPLY

Ecolink Intelligent Techn...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first housing in which is disposed a power adapter that converts an AC voltage signal to a DC low-voltage output signal, the power adapter comprising a prong connector that extends outwardly from the first housing for receiving the AC voltage signal from a conventional AC power outlet, and an output connector supported by the first housing for outputting the DC low-voltage output signal; and
a second housing in which is disposed electronic circuitry that is operable using the DC low-voltage output signal, wherein the second housing comprises a depression that is arranged to receive and releasably hold the first housing and wherein the electronic circuitry comprises an input connector that is positioned relative to the depression so as to cooperatively, electrically couple with the output connector when the first housing is received in its entirety within the depression.

US Pat. No. 10,218,137

USB CAR CHARGER WITH INTEGRATED VEHICLE ALARM

1. A USB charger with integrated vehicle alarm, comprising:a housing;
an electronic circuit for providing a regulated output voltage arranged within the housing;
a connector for plugging the USB charger into a cigarette lighter socket of a motor vehicle formed at a lower end of the housing and operatively connected to the electronic circuit;
one or more USB connector sockets operatively connected to the electronic circuit and accessible through the housing; and
an integrated alarm unit arranged within the housing for protection against intruders in the motor vehicle, comprising
a motion sensor and
an acoustic alarm signal generator,
wherein the integrated alarm unit can be armed and disarmed via an associated wireless remote control, and
wherein after an alarm has been triggered the alarm system produces a loud sound for at least a predetermined period of time which can only be switched off prior to expiration of the predetermined period of time by use of the wireless remote control.

US Pat. No. 10,218,136

INTERCHANGEABLE INTERNAL MODULAR AVIONICS PLATFORM ASSEMBLY

The Boeing Company, Chic...

9. A method of mounting a modular avionics platform assembly in a forward interior bay of a fuselage of an aircraft, comprising:connecting a plurality of avionics equipment having different dimensions to the modular avionics platform assembly including a plurality of interchangeable modular avionics platforms, each of the interchangeable modular avionics platforms having:
a frame structure with substantially parallel, opposing, and spaced apart side portions;
a plurality of mounting pins disposed on and axially aligned with the opposing side portions of the frame structure, and configured to project outwardly from the frame structure; and
a connector assembly including an alternating current connector configured to connect to a 115-volt alternating current source, a direct current connector configured to connect to a 28-volt direct current source, and a data bus connector configured to connect to a data bus of the aircraft;
selecting a first one of the interchangeable modular avionics platforms with the connected avionics equipment appropriate to an equipment-dependent mission of the aircraft;
positioning the first one of the interchangeable modular avionics platforms in the forward interior bay of the fuselage of the aircraft such that each of the side portions of the frame structure is proximate a corresponding one of a pair of opposing airframe members of the fuselage;
aligning each of the mounting pins with a corresponding clamp assembly attached to the corresponding one of the pair of opposing airframe members;
detachably clamping each of the mounting pins to the corresponding clamp assembly by pivoting a pivot clamp element of the corresponding clamp assembly from an open position in which the pivot clamp element is spaced apart from a fixed clamp element of the corresponding clamp assembly and a closed position in which the pivot clamp element is proximate to and secured relative to the fixed clamp element.

US Pat. No. 10,218,135

MODULAR ELECTRICAL SYSTEM INCLUDING BACK-TO-BACK RECEPTACLE CONFIGURATIONS AND CAPABLE OF PROVIDING FOUR WIRE CIRCUITRY

1. An electrical system configured for use in a raceway, said electrical system comprising:a source of incoming electrical power comprising a hot conductor, a neutral conductor, and a ground conductor; and
a receptacle junction block comprising:
a pair of receptacle blocks configured to form opposing halves of the receptacle junction block, wherein each receptacle block defines a receptacle face arranged on an opposing side of the receptacle junction block, and wherein the receptacle blocks are coupled together to define a buss bar cavity within the receptacle junction block; and
an internal buss bar configuration arranged within the buss bar cavity and comprising a hot buss bar coupled to the hot conductor, a neutral buss bar coupled to the neutral conductor, and a ground buss bar coupled to the ground conductor, wherein the pair of receptacle blocks are configured to provide selective engagement with the internal buss bar configuration through the respective receptacle faces.

US Pat. No. 10,218,134

ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE CONNECTOR

ADVANCED-CONNECTEK INC., ...

1. An electrical receptacle connector, comprising:a metallic shell comprising a receptacle cavity;
an insulated housing in the receptacle cavity, wherein the insulated housing comprises a base portion and a tongue portion extending from one end of the base portion, the base portion has an assembling region, wherein the tongue portion has an upper surface and a lower surface, and the lower surface of the tongue portion has an engaging groove;
a plurality of first receptacle terminals held in the base portion and the tongue portion, wherein each of the first receptacle terminals comprises a first flat contact portion and a first body portion, the first body portion is held in the base portion and the tongue portion, the first flat contact portion extends forwardly from the first body portion in a front-to-rear direction and is partly exposed upon the upper surface of the tongue portion;
a plurality of second receptacle terminals each comprising a second flat contact portion and a second body portion, wherein the second flat contact portion extends forwardly from the second body portion in the front-to-rear direction and is partly exposed upon the lower surface of the tongue portion;
a shielding plate held in the insulated housing and between the first flat contact portions and the second flat contact portions; and
a terminal organizer fixedly assembled to the assembling region of the base portion, wherein the at least one terminal organizer retains the second receptacle terminals, the terminal organizer comprises a fixation block and a fixation portion retaining the second body portions, the fixation portion is extended outwardly from one side of the fixation block for engaging with the engaging groove, the fixation portion fixes parts of each of the second flat contact portions, so that each of the second flat contact portions is fixed on the engaging groove of the tongue portion, and the fixation portion comprises a plurality of recessed grooves for receiving the second flat contact portions.

US Pat. No. 10,218,133

DISTAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLIES FOR MEDICAL LEAD EXTENSIONS

MEDTRONIC, INC., Minneap...

1. A medical lead extension, comprising:an elongated body;
electrical connectors disposed in proximity to a proximal end of the elongated body;
a plurality of conductors within the elongated body and electrically connected to corresponding electrical connectors;
a distal connector assembly coupled to the elongated body, the distal connector assembly comprising:
a rigid holder having a plurality of features defining bays;
a plurality of insulative spacers and electrical connectors disposed within the rigid holder with the electrical connectors being separated by the insulative spacers, the electrical connectors being positioned in the bays and the insulative spacers being aligned with the features, wherein the conductors are electrically connected to corresponding electrical connectors within the rigid holder and wherein the rigid holder partially surrounds the electrical connectors leaving a portion of the electrical connectors exposed; and
an overmold surrounding the rigid holder and the plurality of spacers and electrical connectors.

US Pat. No. 10,218,132

POST-LESS, SELF-GRIPPING CONNECTOR FOR A COAXIAL CABLE

Corning Optical Communica...

1. A post-less, self-gripping coaxial cable connector for tool-less attachment to an end of a coaxial cable, the coaxial cable comprising an inner conductor, a dielectric surrounding the inner conductor, an outer conductor surrounding the dielectric, and a jacket surrounding the outer conductor, the coaxial cable connector comprising:a body having a forward end and a rearward end and a longitudinal opening therethrough;
a retainer positioned in the body, wherein the retainer comprises a forward section, a rearward section, and a bore extending therethrough;
a ring movably disposed in the rearward section of the retainer, the ring comprising a side having an outer surface, an inner surface, and a pusher feature; and
a gripping member friction fit to the body proximal the rearward end, wherein the gripping member comprises a base and at least one spring finger extending longitudinally from the base, and wherein the at least one spring finger is radially inwardly biased in a predisposed orientation;
wherein the pusher feature of the ring is configured to axially move the ring upon force being applied to the pusher feature by a coaxial cable received by the body, and wherein the gripping member is configured to engage the jacket of the coaxial cable when the ring is axially moved such that the coaxial cable is installed in the coaxial cable connector, and wherein the coaxial cable connector is tool-lessly attached to the coaxial cable thereby.

US Pat. No. 10,218,131

RIGHT ANGLE COAXIAL CABLE AND CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. An electrical connector assembly comprising:an elongate first member including a first receptacle at one end thereof, the first member defining a first axis, and the first receptacle defining a second axis parallel with the first axis;
an elongate second member including a second receptacle at one end thereof that receives the receptacle of the first member, the second member defining a third axis perpendicular to the first and second axes, and the second receptacle defining a fourth axis parallel with the first and second axes; and
an expansion member inserted into the first receptacle, the expansion member being sized and configured to radially expand the first member into contact with the second receptacle, such contact being sufficient to form a press-fit joint between the first and second members;
wherein the first member is an inner conductor of a coaxial cable, and the second member is an inner contact of a coaxial connector.

US Pat. No. 10,218,130

HIGH VOLTAGE CONNECTOR

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A high voltage connector comprising:a first housing having an open rear portion;
a fuse provided inside the first housing;
a bus bar clip provided inside the first housing, the bus bar clip comprising:
a first wire connecting hole connected to a first wire; and
a first fixing clip configured to detachably fasten the fuse;
a bus bar clip terminal provided inside the first housing, the bus bar clip terminal comprising:
a second fixing clip configured to detachably fasten the fuse and to form a clip shape; and
a first terminal connected to a power source; and
a male terminal provided inside the first housing, the male terminal comprising:
a second wire connecting hole connected to a second wire; and
a second terminal connected to the power source.

US Pat. No. 10,218,129

OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION FOR UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS TYPE-C (USB-C) CONNECTOR SYSTEMS

Cypress Semiconductor Cor...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first switch configured to connect a first configuration channel (CC) terminal of a Universal Serial Bus Type-C (USB-C) controller to a VCONN supply of the USB-C controller, the first CC terminal of the USB-C controller being configured to be directly connected to the first CC terminal of a USB-C receptacle;
a second switch configured to connect a second CC terminal of the USB-C controller to a control channel physical layer logic (PHY) of the USB-C controller, the second CC terminal to be directly connected to the second CC terminal of the USB-C receptacle; and
an overvoltage detection and protection circuit configured to deactivate the first switch or the second switch when a voltage exceeding a predetermined threshold is detected on a terminal of the first switch or the second switch, wherein the first switch and the second switch are each coupled to the overvoltage detection and protection circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,218,127

PADDLE CARD AND PLUG-CABLE ASSEMBLY

VIA Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A paddle card, adapted to connect a cable and a plug of a plug cable assembly, comprising:a circuit board, having an upper surface and a lower surface opposite to each other;
a pad group, adapted to connect a plurality of wires of the cable or a plurality of terminals of the plug, comprising:
an upper pad lane, disposed on the upper surface and comprising a pair of first upper differential pads; and
a lower pad lane, disposed on the lower surface and comprising a pair of first lower differential pads, wherein the pair of upper differential pads is configured corresponding to the pair of lower differential pads respectively in an up and down manner; and
a first shielding plane, a second shielding plane, a third shielding plane, and a fourth shielding plane, stacked at intervals between the upper and lower surfaces in sequence, wherein the first shielding plane has a first opening, the second shielding plane has a second opening, the third shielding plane has a pair of third openings, the fourth shielding plane has a fourth opening, an orthogonal projection of the pair of first upper differential pads on a geometric plane that the first opening is located in overlaps with the first opening, an orthogonal projection of the second opening on the geometric plane that the first opening is located in overlaps with the first opening, an orthogonal projection of the pair of first lower differential pads on a geometric plane that the fourth opening is located in overlaps with the fourth opening, an orthogonal projection of the pair of third openings on the geometric plane that the fourth opening is located in overlaps with the fourth opening, and an orthogonal projection of the second opening on a geometric plane that the pair of third openings is located in is separate from the pair of third openings.

US Pat. No. 10,218,126

CONNECTOR AND CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

JAPAN AVIATION ELECTRONIC...

1. A connector mountable on a circuit board and mateable with a mating connector along a front-rear direction, wherein:the mating connector comprises a plurality of mating contacts;
the connector comprises a ground member, a holding member, a plurality of contacts and a midplate;
the ground member has an upper plate portion, a lower plate portion, a coupling portion, a fixed leg and an extending portion;
the upper plate portion and the lower plate portion are arranged so as to be apart from each other in an up-down direction perpendicular to the front-rear direction;
each of the upper plate portion and the lower plate portion extends in a predetermined plane intersecting with the up-down direction;
the coupling portion couples the upper plate portion and the lower plate portion with each other;
the fixed leg is configured to be fixed to the circuit board;
the fixed leg extends downward in the up-down direction from the extending portion;
the extending portion connects the fixed leg and the lower plate portion with each other;
the extending portion extends in the predetermined plane from the lower plate portion;
the holding member has a holding portion and a fitting portion;
the holding portion is sandwiched by the upper plate portion and the lower plate portion in the up-down direction;
the fitting portion extends forward in the front-rear direction from the holding portion;
the fitting portion is positioned forward in the front-rear direction beyond any of the upper plate portion and the lower plate portion;
the fitting portion has an upper surface and a lower surface each facing in the up-down direction;
the plurality of contacts are arranged in two contact rows;
the contacts of each of the contact rows are arranged in a pitch direction perpendicular to the front-rear direction and the up-down direction;
each of the contacts has a held portion and a contact portion;
the held portion is held by the holding portion;
the contact portions are configured to be brought into contact with the mating contacts, respectively, of the mating connector when the connector is mated with the mating connector;
the contact portion is exposed outside the fitting portion on the upper surface or the lower surface of the fitting portion; and
the midplate is held by the holding member so as to be positioned between the contact rows in the up-down direction.

US Pat. No. 10,218,125

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING INTERLOCKED SHELL AND HOUSING PORTIONS AND STACKED GROUNDING TERMINALS

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a contact module comprising an insulative housing having a base portion and a tongue portion, and a plurality of conductive terminals affixed to the insulative housing and each comprising a contacting portion exposed to a surface of the tongue portion, a soldering portion and a connecting portion connecting the contacting portion and the soldering portion;
a metal shell comprising a pair of locking grooves depressed forwardly from a rear surface thereof;
wherein the insulative housing comprises a pair of mounting portions located at two lateral sides of a rear end thereof, the mounting portions are stuck in the locking grooves when the contact module is assembled to the metal shell along a rear-to-front direction, and a lower portion of each mounting portion is resisted against the rear surface of the metal shell; and
a sealer having a pair of lateral fixing portions and an upper fixing portion located between the lateral fixing portions, wherein the metal shell comprises a top wall, a pair of lateral walls, and a maintaining groove located behind the lateral walls and communicating with the locking groove, the upper fixing portion is maintained in the top wall, and the lateral fixing portions are maintained in the maintaining groove and flush with the lateral walls.

US Pat. No. 10,218,124

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH TERMINAL POSITION ASSURANCE

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a first housing;
a first terminal position assurance attached to the first housing and including a tower that extends from a tower base to a tower outer end;
a second housing; and
a second terminal position assurance attached to the second housing and including a plurality of guide walls that extend from a tower opening to guide outer ends;
wherein the second housing is engaged with the first housing such that the outer end of the tower passes through the tower opening and toward the guide outer ends, and
wherein one of the tower and the plurality of guide walls is tapered so that an amount of space between the tower and the guide walls decreases along a length thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,218,123

COAXIAL PIN CONNECTOR SEIZURE ASSEMBLY

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a seizure assembly comprising;
a retainer comprising,
a casing, and
a nose comprising a nose opening,
a pressure applicator, and
a charger that applies a force to the pressure applicator forcing the pressure applicator into the casing; and
a housing comprising;
a housing cavity in which the seizure assembly is disposed,
a housing wall comprising a housing opening being congruent with the nose opening, and
a housing bottom comprising a charger recess in which the charger is disposed.

US Pat. No. 10,218,122

CIRCULAR CONNECTOR AND METHOD OF RETAINING COMPONENTS

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A circular connector assembly comprising:a plug shell having a first flexible insert-receiving retention portion and a flange provided proximate the flexible insert-receiving retention portion, the flexible insert-receiving retention portion having a first insert-receiving opening, the first insert-receiving opening having an oval configuration at a free end thereof with a short diameter and a long diameter;
a coupling ring having an internal threaded portion and an engagement portion with a circular opening, the internal threaded portion configured to cooperate with the flange, the circular opening having a contact opening diameter which is larger than the short diameter of the first insert-receiving opening and smaller than the large diameter of the first insert-receiving opening;
the engagement portion dimensioned to resiliently deform the flexible insert-receiving retention portion when the engagement portion is provided in contact with the flexible insert-receiving retention portion;
wherein the engagement of the engagement portion with the flexible insert-receiving retention portion causes the short diameter of the first insert-receiving opening and the long diameter of the first insert-receiving opening to be equal and conform to the shape of the circular opening in the engagement portion.

US Pat. No. 10,218,121

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLIES WITH RELEASABLE LATCHING DEVICE

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical cable connector assembly comprising:a metallic cage defining a receiving space under a top wall, and a locking hole formed in the top wall and downwardly facing the receiving space in a vertical direction;
an electrical cable connector including:
a case defining a front receiving cavity and a rear receiving cavity along a front-to-back direction perpendicular to said vertical direction;
a receiving room formed in an upper face of the case;
a latch pivotally mounted to the upper face and disposed in the receiving room, and defining a front region, a rear region and a middle region between the front region and the rear region in the front-to-back direction;
a pivot axis located in said middle region of the latch and extending along a transverse direction perpendicular to both said vertical direction and said front-to-back direction;
an upward locking hook formed on said front region of the latch;
an obliquely extending structure formed on the rear region; and
an actuator being back and forth moveable along the front-to-back direction, positioned upon the latch and having a lug engaged with the latch; wherein when the electrical cable connector is received within the receiving space, the locking hook is engaged within the locking hole; when said actuator is rearwardly moved, the lug upwardly urges the obliquely extending structure to have the latch pivot about the pivot axis and have the locking hook downwardly move to leave the locking hole, thus allowing withdrawal of the electrical cable connector from the cage; and
said latch forms a latch slot extending along the front-to-back direction, and said lug extends downwardly through the latch slot and moveable along said latch slot.

US Pat. No. 10,218,119

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION SYSTEM FOR USE IN HIGH POWER APPLICATIONS

Connec Limited, Rushcutt...

1. An electrical connection system that comprises:a first electrical connection component that is suitable for transmission of power with a voltage level greater than 1 kV;
a second electrical connection component that is suitable for transmission of power with a voltage level greater than 1 kV and arranged for coupling to the first electrical connection component;
wherein the electrical connection system comprises a mechanical coupling assembly for imparting a driving force to drive the first and second electrical connection components relative to each other along a central axis of the electrical connection system and between disengaged and engaged conditions, the mechanical coupling assembly being structured to impart a portion of the driving force at a first eccentric position and comprising a transmission that is arranged to transmit a further portion of the driving force to a second eccentric position, the first and second eccentric positions having respective angular orientations around the central axis and
wherein the transmission has gears that in use transmit a portion of the driving force and is arranged such that turning of a first gear effects turning of a second remote gear at substantially the same time whereby the portions of the driving force are imparted at the respective first and second eccentric positions around the central axis at substantially the rate and same time.

US Pat. No. 10,218,118

CONNECTOR AND CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY HAVING ELASTICALLY DEFORMED SPRINGS

Tyco Electronics Japan G....

1. A connector comprising:a first housing having,
a mating section to mate with a second housing which is a housing of a second connector, and
an inner housing positioned on an interior of the first housing having an approximately rectangular shape when being projected in a mating direction wherein the inner housing has a spring member fixed to a side face of the inner housing; and
the spring member is inserted into a groove provided in the second housing being mated therewith in the mating direction to be deformed elastically in a direction intersecting the mating direction so as to prevent looseness between the first housing and the second housing.

US Pat. No. 10,218,117

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH ASSIST LEVER

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a first housing;
a second housing movable relative to the first housing;
a lever mounted on the first housing for relative rotational movement between a pre-stage position and a final position, the lever engaging the second housing to move the second housing linearly between a pre-stage position and a seated position relative to the first housing; and
a lock that retains the lever in the final position relative to the first housing, the lock including:
an indicator surface that is visible through a window on the lever when the lever is in the pre-stage position and is not visible through the window on the lever when the lever is in the final position;
a catch on the first housing that is located between the indicator surface and the window on the lever when the lever is in the final position;
a latch on the lever, wherein the indicator surface is on the latch, and the latch engages the catch to retain the lever in the final position relative to the first housing.

US Pat. No. 10,218,116

LOCKING VEHICLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a first member having a face, configured to couple to a second member along a first axis;
a screw receiver coupled to the first member proximate the face; and
a cam lock mechanism coupled to the first member, comprising:
an arm rotatable about a second axis perpendicular to the first axis; and
a screw coupled to the arm, configured to drive into the screw receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,218,115

ADAPTER AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING THE ADAPTER

WISTRON NEWEB CORPORATION...

1. An adapter for connecting to a connector in a first direction, comprising:a power pin configured to transmit a power signal to the connector;
a plurality of signal pins arranged in a loop, each configured to allow a feedback signal provided by the connector to be transmitted through; and
a detection circuit coupled to the power pin and the plurality of signal pins,
including a memory circuit storing a look-up table having a plurality of voltage levels corresponding to different types of interfaces, and configured to
identify a first interface of the connector according to the voltage level of the feedback signal and the plurality of voltage levels of the look-up table; and
define a pin order of the adapter clockwise or counter clockwise from one of the signal pins that receives the feedback signal.

US Pat. No. 10,218,114

CIRCUITS AND METHODS FOR WEARABLE DEVICE CHARGING AND WIRED CONTROL

Snap Inc., Santa Monica,...

1. A wearable device comprising:a charge interface comprising a first charge pad and a second charge pad; and
circuitry coupled to the first charge pad and the second charge pad and configured to:
perform a charging process in a charge state where the wearable device receives an electrical charge from a first device to charge a battery during an initial charging period via the first charge pad and the second charge pad;
sense, following the initial charging period, for a charge disconnect interrupt detected via the first charge pad and the second charge pad;
in response to the charge disconnect interrupt, communicate a transition signal via the first charge pad and the second charge pad to the first device;
following the transition signal, enter a transmission state and transmit data via the charge interface from the wearable device during a first time period;
enter a receive state and receive data via the charge interface from the first device during a second time period, wherein the second time period is different from the first time period and wherein the second time period occurs after communication of the transition signal; and
return to the charge state for a second charging period following the first time period and the second time period.

US Pat. No. 10,218,113

LOW VOLTAGE BUS SYSTEM

IDEAL Industries, Inc., ...

1. A charging module for use in connection with a conductive bus having non-conductive carrier which carries a center rail disposed intermediate a first conductive rail and a second conductive rail, the charging module comprising:a housing having a base on which is disposed a centered electrical contact and a first plurality of electrical contacts, wherein the centered electrical contact is arranged on the base such that the centered electrical contact will engage with the center rail when the housing is placed into a use position on the conductive bus, the first plurality of electrical contacts are arranged on the base along a perimeter of a first virtual circle that is generally centered on the centered electrical contact such that at least a first one of the first plurality of electrical contacts will engage with the first conductive rail and at least a second one of the first plurality of electrical contacts, different than the first one of the first plurality of electrical contacts, will engage with the second conductive rail when the housing is placed into the use position on the conductive bus in any rotational orientation of the housing relative to the conductive bus over a full 360 degrees whereby power received from the conductive bus via an engagement between the first plurality of electrical contacts and the first conductive rail and/or the second conductive rail will be capable of being provided to a device coupled to the charging module, and the centered electrical contact is magnetically coupled to the center rail in the use position on the conductive bus.

US Pat. No. 10,218,110

SEAL COVER

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A seal cover for closing an opening by being mounted on a case having the opening; comprising:a cover body for closing the opening;
a sealing member for sealing between the cover body and the case by being mounted on the cover body;
a covering member for covering the cover body by being assembled with the cover body; and
a bolt for fixing the covering member to the case;
the covering member including a bolt insertion hole through which the bolt is inserted, the bolt being inserted in the bolt insertion hole with a first clearance defined between the bolt and a hole edge of the bolt insertion hole;
one of the cover body and the covering member including an engaging protrusion and the other including an engaging hole for receiving the engaging protrusion, the engaging protrusion being inserted in the engaging hole with a second clearance defined between the engaging protrusion and a hole edge of the engaging hole;
the size of the second clearance being set such that the engaging protrusion does not come into contact with the hole edge of the engaging hole even if the covering member rotates as the bolt is tightened.

US Pat. No. 10,218,109

WATER RESISTANT POP-UP OUTLET

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A pop-up outlet comprising:a lower housing configured to receive one or more conductors;
a middle housing connected to the lower housing;
an upper housing moveably connected to the middle housing;
an outlet positioned in the upper housing having an outlet body and at least one receptacle opening;
a raise/lower mechanism configured to move the upper housing with respect to the middle housing from a first position where the outlet body is positioned in the middle housing to, a second position where the outlet body is exposed to a user; and
a seal positioned around the outlet body and having an interior chamber receiving the outlet body.

US Pat. No. 10,218,107

CAGED POKE HOME CONTACT

AVX Corporation, Fountai...

1. A single element connector comprising:a first wire reception structure configured to receive a wire; and
a contact tine coupled to a first wall of the first wire reception structure, wherein the contact tine extends downward from the first wall toward a base of the single element connector, and wherein the contact tine is configured to direct the wire toward the base of the single element connector;
wherein the first wire reception structure further comprises a plurality of walls formed from a single conductive element, and wherein at least one wall of the plurality of walls comprises at least two extensions of the single conductive element that extend along a same plane to form the at least one wall.

US Pat. No. 10,218,106

TERMINAL POSITION ASSURANCE MEMBER, TERMINAL ASSEMBLY, CONNECTOR HOUSING ASSEMBLY AND CONNECTOR

Tyco Electronics (Shangha...

1. A connector housing assembly, comprising:a housing provided with a first insertion hole and a second insertion hole, wherein the first insertion hole and the second insertion hole are connected to each other, and the first and second insertions holes being arranged along first and second insertion axes;
and an inner wall of the first insertion hole is provided with a step protruding out of the inner wall; and
a terminal position assurance member comprising:
a base plate, at least one first insertion member and at least one second insertion member; wherein the base plate has an upper surface and a lower surface and extends from the upper surface to the lower surface;
a through hole is provided at a middle portion of the base plate, and the through hole extends from the upper surface to the lower surface;
the first insertion member extends from the upper surface of the base plate and protrudes out of the base plate a selected height, and the first insertion member has a lateral surface along its extension direction;
the first insertion member is provided with an upper protrusion and a lower protrusion which extend from the lateral surface of the first insertion member and protrude out of the lateral surface of the first insertion member;
the upper protrusion and the lower protrusion are arranged to be spaced from one another along the first insertion member in its extension direction and the upper protrusion and the lower protrusion are arranged to be staggered from one another along a width direction of the first insertion member;
wherein lower surfaces of the at least two protrusions are planar surfaces extending perpendicularly from the lateral surface of the first insertion member;
wherein the terminal position assurance member is disposed at the first insertion hole;
the base plate is located outside the first insertion hole and the first insertion member is inserted into the first insertion hole;
when the first insertion member is inserted into the first insertion hole, the terminal position assurance member is located at a pre-mounted position and a final position respectively;
at the pre-mounted position, the step is located between the upper protrusion and the lower protrusion and retains the first insertion member at this position; and
at the final position, the lower protrusion passes over the step and is stopped by the step so that the first insertion member is retained at this position and cannot be withdrawn from the first insertion hole, and in the final position, the second insertion member intersects with the second insertion hole.

US Pat. No. 10,218,105

ARRANGEMENT FOR ESTABLISHING AN ELECTRICAL CONNECTION BETWEEN A TAB CONTACT AND A HIGH CURRENT CONDUCTOR

TE Connectivity Germany G...

1. A holding structure for an arrangement for establishing an electrical connection between a tab contact and a high current conductor, the holding structure comprising:a connection section with at least one mounting arm for mounting to a contacting section of a high current conductor;
a receptacle for a tab contact; and
at least one press-on element configured to generate a contact pressure on the tab contact in the direction of the high current conductor in the connection section, the at least one press-on element is formed monolithically with the holding structure and can be deflected elastically away from the receptacle, the connection section lies opposite the at least one press-on element beyond the receptacle for the tab contact.

US Pat. No. 10,218,103

CONTACT STUD, TERMINAL AND CONTACT ASSEMBLY IN PARTICULAR FOR CAR TECHNOLOGY

TE Connectivity Germany G...

1. A contact stud, comprising:a protector;
a connection section insertable into a terminal along an insertion direction, the connection section having a contact region protected by the protector from an insulative coating applied to a remainder of the connection section, the protector is movable with respect to the contact region along the insertion direction; and
a base section mounted on a grounding surface.

US Pat. No. 10,218,101

ELECTRICAL CONTACT UNIT AND ELECTRICAL WELDED JOINT AS WELL AS METHOD FOR PRODUCING A CONTACT UNIT AND FOR CONFIGURING A WELDED JOINT

TE Connectivity Germany G...

1. An electrical welded connection for use in a medium-current or high-current range, comprising:an electrical connector having an electrical contact including a surface cross-sectional thickness between a first surface and an opposite second surface of the electrical contact and a groove formed in the first surface having a welded cross-sectional thickness between a base of the groove and the second surface less than the surface cross-sectional thickness; and
a mating electrical connector, the second surface of the electrical contact welded to the mating electrical connector only in a welded region adjacent the groove, the welded region extending from the base of the groove and through the second surface of the electrical contact into a mating contact of the mating electrical connector.

US Pat. No. 10,218,099

BOARD CONNECTOR

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A board connector to be connected to a circuit board, the board connector comprising:a forwardly-open receptacle fittable to a mating connector, the receptacle defining a substantially rectangular tube and having a bottom wall, two side walls projecting from opposite side edges of the bottom wall and facing each other in a width direction, a ceiling wall extending between the two side walls and facing the bottom wall in a height direction, each of the side walls including an erroneous connection prevention receiving groove open into the receptacle and spaced from the bottom wall;
mounting recesses formed within a wall thickness of each of the side walls at a position below the respective erroneous connection prevention receiving groove and at least partly aligned with the respective erroneous connection prevention receiving groove in the height direction, each of the mounting recesses having a rear-facing opening and a front wall opposite the rear-facing opening, and a bottom opening penetrating through the bottom wall, and a step extending in a front to rear direction forward of the bottom opening; and
fixing members inserted respectively into the respective mounting recesses for fixing the receptacle to the circuit board, each of the fixing members having a planar forward-facing inserting piece dimensioned to be inserted along the step and to lockably engage a portion of the respective mounting recess, and at least one fixing piece projecting from the forward-facing inserting piece in the height direction and in a common plane with the forward-facing inserting piece, the at least one fixing piece extending through the bottom opening to engage the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,218,098

MODULE MOUNT INTERPOSER

FINISAR CORPORATION, Sun...

1. A module mount interposer comprising:one or more fastener receivers configured to mechanically couple with one or more fasteners so as to mechanically and electrically couple a module to an interposer;
a core configured to electrically couple with the module, wherein each of the fastener receivers is mechanically coupled to a first face of the core; and
a solder layer including:
a plurality of electrical connections electrically coupled to the core and configured to electrically couple with a printed circuit board (PCB) so as to provide an electrical signal from the module to the PCB and to provide an electrical signal from the PCB to the module; and
a plurality of solder ball connectors mechanically coupled to a second face of the core, the plurality of solder ball connectors located directly opposite the fastener receivers.

US Pat. No. 10,218,097

CARD EDGE CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A card edge connector assembly comprising:a card edge connector having a housing defining a card slot configured to receive a circuit card in a mating direction, the housing holding contacts in the card slot to electrically connect to the circuit card, the contacts being configured to be electrically connected to a host circuit board;
a card guide module coupled to the housing, the card guide module having a base including a mounting feature configured to be secured to the host circuit board separate and independent of the card edge connector, the card guide module having a support beam extending from the base having a support surface configured to support the circuit card, the card guide module having a locking arm pivotably coupled to the support beam and movable between a latched position and an unlatched position, the locking arm having a latch at a distal end thereof configured to be latchably secured to the circuit card in the latched position to secure the circuit card in the card slot, the locking arm having an ejector configured to engage the circuit card and move the circuit card in an unmating direction when the locking arm is moved to the unlatched position, wherein the card guide module holds the locking arm relative to the host circuit board independent of the card edge connector and the housing of the card edge connector.

US Pat. No. 10,218,096

SHORT BAR, SHORT BAR UNIT, AND MOTOR DRIVE DEVICE

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...

1. A short bar for connecting terminal blocks of two motor driving units which drive a motor, the short bar comprising:a strip-plate-like fixed portion which has a through hole into which a screw for fixing is inserted and which is fixed to the terminal block of the motor driving unit with the screw;
a first connection portion which is provided on an end of the fixed portion;
a second connection portion which is provided on the other end of the fixed portion; and
wherein the first connection portion has a configuration that the first connection portion and the second connection portion of another short bar can be connected electrically and mechanically with each other through a relative movement in a thickness direction of the fixed portion.

US Pat. No. 10,218,095

PRESS-FIT PIN CONVERTERS

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A converter, comprising:a first housing coupled to a second housing to enclose a portion of a press-fit contact pin between the first housing and the second housing, wherein a side of the first housing provides a ball grid array (BGA) connection and a side of the second housing provides a press-fit pin connection;
wherein the enclosed portion of the press-fit contact pin comprises a first section coupled to an exposed portion of the press-fit contact pin, wherein the first section is substantially perpendicular to the exposed portion of the press-fit contact pin; and
wherein the first housing includes a trench to expose the first section of the press-fit contact pin.

US Pat. No. 10,218,094

CONNECTORS HAVING A CABLE GRIPPING PORTION

PPC BROADBAND, INC., Eas...

1. A cable connector comprising:an outer conductor engager configured to receive an end of a coaxial cable;
a body including an annular ring portion that is configured to be coaxially aligned with the outer conductor engager when the connector is assembled;
a coupler rotatably mounted relative to the outer conductor engager and the body when the connector is assembled;
a clamp member that includes a band portion and at least one raised portion extending radially outward from the band portion; and
a compression sleeve that is configured to urge a portion of the clamp member radially inward to clamp the end of the coaxial cable between an inner surface of the clamp member and the outer conductor engager as the compression sleeve is moved axially relative to the outer conductor engager when the connector is assembled;
wherein the body includes at least one opening corresponding to the at least one raised portion of the clamp member; and
wherein the band portion is disposed at an interior of the body, and the at least one raised portion extends radially outward through the at least one opening in the body.

US Pat. No. 10,218,093

THREAD TO COMPRESS CONNECTOR

PPC BROADBAND, INC., Eas...

1. A cable connector, comprising:an outer conductor engager configured to receive an end of a coaxial cable and to be in electrical communication with an outer conductor of the received coaxial cable;
a body configured to circumscribe the received coaxial cable;
a coupler configured to move the body axially relative to the outer conductor engager such that a tapered inner surface of the body engages the outer conductor engager; and
a compression ring disposed rearward of the tapered inner surface along an axial direction,
wherein the compression ring is configured to urge the outer conductor engager against the outer conductor when the body is moved axially relative to the outer conductor engager by the coupler.

US Pat. No. 10,218,092

CABLE TERMINAL PROTECTION ARRANGEMENT

VOLVO CAR CORPORATION, G...

1. A cable terminal protection arrangement comprising:a cable terminal that is attachable to an end of a cable, the cable terminal comprising a flat-shaped end piece with a first surface and a second surface, being opposite to the first surface, the end piece having a through-going hole configured for insertion of a fastening element;
a cable terminal protector configured to protect the cable terminal, the cable terminal protector comprising a housing having a cable opening for receiving the cable and a tool opening; and
a suspension unit located within the housing and comprising a holding element for holding the end piece and an arm connecting the holding element to the housing, the holding element being displaceable in relation to the housing from a first position to a second position;
wherein, in the first position, the holding element is configured to cover a major portion of the second surface of the end piece when the end piece is received by the holding element, and, in the second position, the end piece is positionable outside the holding element, and wherein, when the end piece is received in the cable terminal protector, the first surface of the end piece is configured to face the tool opening of the cable terminal protector, and the second surface of the end piece is configured to face away from the tool opening.

US Pat. No. 10,218,091

PROTECTOR AND WIRE HARNESS

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A protector to be mounted on a connecting portion in which a conductor exposed at a terminal portion of a first wire by stripping insulating coating therefrom is placed on and connected to a conductor exposed at a terminal portion of a second wire by stripping insulating coating therefrom, in a direction transverse to a direction in which the first wire and the second wire extend, the second wire having a higher flexibility than the first wire, the protector comprising:a main body including a pair of split bodies that join together to form a tubular portion, the main body extends between the insulating coating of the first wire and the insulating coating of the second wire;
an abutment portion including a protruding end face that forms a circumferential surface of an insertion hole, the abutment portion extends perpendicularly from an inner circumferential surface of the main body and comes into abutment with at least both sides of the insulating coating of the second wire in the direction in which the conductor of the first wire and the conductor of the second wire are placed on each other; and
a wire sealing portion being adjacent the abutment portion and extending perpendicularly from the inner circumferential surface of the main body, wherein the abutment portion and the wire sealing portion are brought into contact with the sides of the insulating coating of the second wire to seal a space around the connecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,218,090

CONNECTOR FOR SUPERCONDUCTING CONDUCTORS, AND USE OF THE CONNECTOR

1. A connector for electrically connecting at least one first superconductive conductor to at least one second superconductive conductor, the connector comprising:an electrically conductive base element having a first end portion, at which the at least one first superconductive conductor is electrically contactable, and a second end portion, at which the at least one second superconductive conductor is electrically contactable; and
at least one superconductive additional element arranged in the base element, at least in part, and extending from the first end portion to the second end portion of the base element.

US Pat. No. 10,218,089

CONTACTING DEVICE FOR CONTACTING AN ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR TO AN ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR PATH

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A contacting device for bringing an electrical conductor into contact with an electrical conductor path, comprising:a housing comprising a first opening for inserting the electrical conductor into a cavity in the housing and a second opening for inserting the electrical conductor path into the cavity in the housing; and
a bow collector comprising a first portion, which is arranged in the cavity in the housing, and a second portion,
wherein bow collector is configured such that the first portion of the bow collector presses the electrical conductor against the electrical conductor path after the electrical conductor and electrical conductor path have been inserted into the cavity in the housing, so as to retain the electrical conductor on the electrical conductor path in a clamping position so as to be in contact with the electrical conductor path, and
wherein the bow collector is configured such that the second portion of the bow collector fastens the contacting device to a structure of a body of an electrical component, which structure is different from the electrical conductor path, in order to provide the electrical conductor path.

US Pat. No. 10,218,087

DUAL BAND MIMO ANTENNA AND WIRELESS ACCESS POINT

Riverbed Technology, Inc....

1. An antenna array, comprising:a first antenna formed on a first surface of a planar substrate,
a second antenna formed on the first surface of the planar substrate displaced from the first antenna in a first direction;
a third antenna formed on the first surface of the planar substrate displaced from the first antenna in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction; and
a fourth antenna formed on the first surface of the planar substrate displaced from the first antenna in both the first and second directions such that the first, second, third, and fourth antennas are disposed in a first 2×2 grid,
wherein each of the first, second, third, and fourth antennas is linearly polarized in the first direction and provides a roughly cardiod radiation pattern in a plane normal to the first direction, a null of the cardiod radiation pattern aligned in the second direction, and
wherein the nulls in the cardiod radiation patterns of the first and second antennas face the third and fourth antennas, respectively, and the nulls in the cardiod radiation patterns of the third and fourth antenna face the first and second antennas, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,218,086

ARRAY ANTENNA DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An array antenna device including a plurality of antenna elements arranged to include a first antenna element arrangement in which the antenna elements are arranged at element intervals having predetermined periodicity and a second antenna element arrangement in which the antenna elements are arranged at element intervals having predetermined periodicity different from the periodicity in the first antenna element arrangement, the array antenna device comprising:a control unit configured to remove erroneous detection caused by a grating lobe based on a comparison of a detection result by an array antenna of the first antenna element arrangement and a detection result by an array antenna of the second antenna element arrangement,
wherein a first element interval serving as an antenna element interval of the first antenna element arrangement and a second element interval serving as an antenna element interval of the second antenna element arrangement are intervals of an integral multiple of a minimum antenna element interval set as an antenna element interval satisfying Formula 1:
0 in Formula 1, D indicates the minimum antenna element interval, ? indicates a predetermined maximum detection angle, and ? indicates a wavelength of a radio wave, and
a first integer serving as an integer used for setting the first element interval to be the integral multiple of the minimum antenna element interval and a second integer serving as an integer used for setting the second element interval to be the integral multiple of the minimum antenna element interval are satisfied to be positive integers of 2 or larger having a relatively prime relation.

US Pat. No. 10,218,085

ANTENNA SYSTEM

WISTRON NEWEB CORP., Hsi...

1. An antenna system, comprising:a ground element;
a switch element, selectively closed or opened according to a control signal;
a first antenna, having a first feeding terminal, wherein the first feeding terminal of the first antenna is coupled to a first signal source; and
a second antenna, having a second feeding terminal and a grounding terminal, wherein the second feeding terminal of the second antenna is coupled through the switch element to a second signal source, and the grounding terminal of the second antenna is coupled to the ground element;
wherein the first antenna comprises a first radiation branch, a second radiation branch, and a third radiation branch, the first radiation branch is coupled to the first signal source and the ground element, and the third radiation branch is coupled through the second radiation branch to the first radiation branch.

US Pat. No. 10,218,084

PER-ELEMENT POWER CONTROL FOR ARRAY BASED COMMUNICATIONS

Maxlinear, Inc., Carlsba...

1. An array based communications system comprising:a plurality of element processors, each element processor of the plurality of element processors comprising:
a combining circuit operable to produce a weighted sum of a plurality of digital datastreams;
a crest factor circuit operable to determine whether the weighted sum has a power above or below a power threshold, the crest factor circuit being operable to reduce the power if the power is above the power threshold, the crest factor circuit being operable to increase the power if the power is below the power threshold; and
a phase shifter circuit operable to introduce a phase shift to out-of-band components of the weighted sum according to the power increase or the power decrease by the crest factor circuit, wherein the out-of-band components of the weighted sum are outside of a transmit band over which information in the plurality of digital datastreams is communicated.

US Pat. No. 10,218,083

METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM

1. An apparatus comprising: a plurality of arrays,wherein each array of the plurality of arrays comprises a plurality of antenna elements,
wherein adjacent antenna elements of each array are spaced at a first distance from one another,
wherein adjacent elements spaced at the first distance induces a current on an adjacent antenna element by a transmitting adjacent antenna element such that the adjacent antenna element does not propagate autonomously but is affected by the transmitting adjacent antenna element,
wherein adjacent arrays of the plurality of arrays are spaced from one another at a second distance, and
wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance.

US Pat. No. 10,218,082

WIDEBAND MICROSTRIP ANTENNAS AND ANTENNA ARRAYS

Nuctech Company Limited, ...

1. A wideband patch antenna comprising:a dielectric substrate of a rectangle shape;
a radiation patch formed on a top surface of the dielectric substrate;
a coupling patch formed on the top surface of the dielectric substrate and extending from a side of the dielectric substrate to a position from the radiation patch by a distance; and
a metal support contacting edges of the lower surface of the dielectric substrate and extending perpendicularly from the lower surface of the dielectric substrate downward as a ground layer, a layer of air having a predetermined thickness being formed between the lower surface of the dielectric substrate and the metal support.

US Pat. No. 10,218,081

MICROWAVE SYSTEM

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A device comprising:a center-fed reflector;
an antenna tube disposed along the central axis of the center-fed reflector, said antenna tube including a circuit board, said circuit board having a top surface and a bottom surface;
a first radiator pin disposed on the top surface of the circuit board, and substantially perpendicular to the top surface of the circuit board;
a second radiator pin disposed on the bottom surface of the circuit board and substantially perpendicular to the bottom surface of the circuit board;
said first and second radiator pins, electrically coupled to form a half-wavelength dipole antenna;
a pair of director pins disposed through the circuit board, substantially parallel to the first or second radiator pin;
a pair of substantially similar sub-reflectors disposed on the antenna tube, each of said sub-reflectors having a first concave surface substantially disposed towards the radiator pin, and
a radio transceiver disposed on the top surface of circuit board, said radio receiver electrically coupled to the first and second radiator.

US Pat. No. 10,218,080

PASSIVE METAMATERIAL HETERODYNING ANTENNA

Verizon Patent and Licens...

1. A passive heterodyning meta-material antenna, comprising:a first face, having a first facing direction, configured to provide a first metamaterial antenna characteristic over a first frequency range;
a second face, having a second facing direction, configured to provide a second meta-material antenna characteristic over a second frequency range;
a bandpass filter, having a first port coupled to the first face and a second port coupled to the second face, configured to have a passband, and to receive signal energy from the first face and deliver a portion of the signal energy within the pass band to the second face, and suppress passing to the second face a portion of the signal energy outside of the passband.

US Pat. No. 10,218,079

PERIODIC ARRAY ASSEMBLY COMPRISING ARRAYS OF PERIODIC ELEMENTS HAVING INWARDLY EXTENDING PROTRUSIONS

VENTI GROUP, LLC, Miami ...

7. A periodic structure assembly comprising:a substrate; and
an array of periodic elements defined by a contiguous trace of conductive material supported by the substrate, each of the periodic elements exhibiting side walls, with each of the side walls having a respective inwardly extending protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,218,078

WAVEGUIDE DEVICE, SLOT ANTENNA, AND RADAR, RADAR SYSTEM, AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SLOT ANTENNA

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A waveguide device comprising:a first electrically conductive member having a first electrically conductive surface;
a second electrically conductive member having a second electrically conductive surface which opposes the first electrically conductive surface; and
a ridge-shaped waveguide member on the second electrically conductive member, the waveguide member having an electrically conductive waveguide face which extends along the first electrically conductive surface so as to oppose the first electrically conductive surface; and
a plurality of electrically conductive rods arranged on both sides of the waveguide member, each electrically conductive rod having a leading end opposing, via a gap, the first electrically conductive surface and a root connected to the second electrically conductive surface;wherein,the second electrically conductive member has a throughhole;
the waveguide member is split by the throughhole into a first ridge and a second ridge;
the first ridge and the second ridge each have an electrically conductive end face, the end faces opposing each other via the throughhole;
the opposing end faces of the first and second ridges and the throughhole together define a hollow waveguide;
the hollow waveguide is connected to a first waveguide extending between the waveguide face of the first ridge and the first electrically conductive surface, and to a second waveguide extending between the waveguide face of the second ridge and the first electrically conductive surface;
a length of the first waveguide and a length of the second waveguide are each longer than a distance between the first electrically conductive surface and the second electrically conductive surface; and
the plurality of electrically conductive rods include rods each having a width increasing toward the root.

US Pat. No. 10,218,077

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE HAVING A MULTI-BAND SLOT ANTENNA WITH A PARASITIC ELEMENT

TE Connectivity Corporati...

1. A wireless communication device comprising:a conductive wall having an antenna slot; and
an antenna sub-assembly positioned relative to the antenna slot to form a multi-band slot antenna, the multi-band slot antenna comprising:
a dielectric body;
a feed trace coupled to the dielectric body and electrically coupled to a conductive pathway for communicating radio-frequency (RF) waves, the feed trace being operably aligned with the antenna slot; and
a parasitic trace coupled to the dielectric body, the parasitic trace being operably aligned with the antenna slot and spaced apart from the feed trace;
wherein the feed trace is configured to communicate at a first frequency band and the parasitic trace provides capacitance across the antenna slot and enables the multi-band slot antenna to communicate at a second frequency band, the first frequency band being based on a size and shape of the parasitic trace.

US Pat. No. 10,218,076

HEXAGONAL WAVEGUIDE BASED CIRCULARLY POLARIZED HORN ANTENNAS

The Florida International...

1. A circularly polarized horn antenna, comprising:a hollow waveguide including a rectangular waveguide and a hexagonal waveguide connected to the rectangular waveguide; and
a horn connected to the hexagonal waveguide;
the horn including a first corrugated inner surface.

US Pat. No. 10,218,075

DUAL OPEN-ENDED WAVEGUIDE ANTENNA FOR AUTOMOTIVE RADAR

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. An apparatus for a dual open-ended waveguide antenna, the apparatus comprising:a first layer including a first half of a waveguide channel, wherein the first half of the waveguide channel includes an elongated segment and, at a first end of the elongated segment, one or more wave-directing members, wherein the first layer further includes a through-hole at a second end of the elongated segment opposite the first end of the elongated segment, the through-hole being configured to receive electromagnetic waves into the waveguide channel; and
a second layer joined to the first layer, the second layer including a second half of the waveguide channel joined to the first layer to align the first half of the waveguide channel with the second half of the waveguide channel to form the waveguide channel, wherein the second half of the waveguide channel includes an elongated segment aligned with the elongated segment of the first half of the waveguide channel and further includes, at an end of the elongated segment, at least one radiating element configured to radiate electromagnetic waves propagated from the one or more wave-directing members out of the second layer, and
wherein each of the one or more wave-directing members are configured to propagate a predetermined respective portion of the electromagnetic waves into the second layer for radiation out of the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,218,074

DIPOLE ANTENNAS FOR WIRED-PIPE SYSTEMS

1. A system for downhole wired-pipe communication and/or power transmission using signal and/or power couplers, comprising:a first coupler comprising a first dielectric substrate, a first electric dipole arranged on said first dielectric substrate, first dielectric encapsulation surrounding said first dielectric substrate and said first electric dipole, and a first electric shield surrounding said first dielectric encapsulation; and
a second coupler comprising a second dielectric substrate, a second electric dipole arranged on said second dielectric substrate, second dielectric encapsulation surrounding said second dielectric substrate and said second electric dipole, and a second electric shield surrounding said second dielectric encapsulation,
wherein said first electric dipole and said second electric dipole are adapted to exchange radiofrequency signals and/or electrical power at radiofrequencies with each other by means of near-field dipole-dipole interaction.

US Pat. No. 10,218,073

ANTENNA WITH FREQUENCY-SELECTIVE ELEMENTS

Lyten, Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. An antenna system comprising:a substrate; and
an antenna on the substrate, the antenna comprising a plurality of leg elements, wherein the plurality of leg elements comprises a conductive ink and forms a continuous path;
wherein:
at least one of the plurality of leg elements is individually selectable or de-selectable to change a resonant frequency of the antenna, and leg elements that are selected create an antenna path length corresponding to the resonant frequency;
a first leg element in the plurality of leg elements has a first resonant frequency threshold that is dependent on a received frequency;
the first leg element is passively de-selected from the antenna path length by being inactive when the received frequency is above the first frequency threshold;
a second leg element in the plurality of leg elements has a second resonant frequency threshold that is dependent on the received frequency, the second resonant frequency threshold being higher than the first resonant frequency threshold;
the second leg element is passively selected by resonating when the received frequency is below the second resonant frequency threshold;
the first resonant frequency threshold is based on a first electrical impedance of the first leg element;
the second resonant frequency threshold is based on a second electrical impedance of the second leg element, the second electrical impedance being different from the first electrical impedance due to a difference in a material property; and
the material property is selected from the group consisting of: a permeability, a permittivity, and a conductivity.

US Pat. No. 10,218,072

BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE MEDIATED MULTIFERROIC ANTENNAS

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A bulk acoustic wave mediated multiferroic antenna apparatus, comprising:(a) a substrate layer;
(b) multiple layers within a multiple layer strain media, comprising:
(i) at least one piezoelectric material layer having a first set of acoustic properties;
(ii) at least one magnetostrictive material layer coupled to a first side of said piezoelectric material layer;
(iii) a structure layer extending from a second side of said piezoelectric material layer to said substrate layer and which is shaped to create a gap or cavity between said piezoelectric material layer and said substrate to mechanically decouple said multiple layer strain media from said substrate;
(c) wherein said at least one piezoelectric material layer and said at least one magnetostrictive material layer are disposed in an out of plane dimension in relation to the emitted electromagnetic radiation from said apparatus;
(d) wherein said at least one piezoelectric material layer and said at least one magnetostrictive material layer are coupled together into the multiple layer strain media to provide a vertical multiferroic coupling which couples electric field, magnetic field, and mechanical field; and
(e) at least two electrodes coupled to one or more layers of said at least one piezoelectric material layer for exciting that layer, or layers, in response to receiving radio-frequency electric field signals to inject acoustic waves into the multiple layer strain media, from which electromagnetic radiation is generated out of the plane on the exterior of said apparatus;
(f) wherein injection of acoustic waves into the multiple layer strain media induces a resonance mode in the entire apparatus which creates substantial strain in said at least one magnetostrictive material layer, which results in oscillating magnetization which produces a radiating electromagnetic RF wave which is emitted from said apparatus which is operating as an antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,218,071

ANTENNA AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An antenna, comprising:a dielectric multilayer substrate that includes a first conductor layer and a second conductor layer different from the first conductor layer, the first conductor layer including a first conductor, the first conductor including a first split ring part, the first split ring part surrounding a first opening part and being divided by a first split part; and
a power feed line that is provided on the second conductor layer, the power feed line including a first end and a second end, the first end being connected to the first split ring part, the second end spanning the first opening part and extending to a region opposing the first conductor, the power feed line overlapping with the first opening part when seen in a direction in which the first conductor layer and the second conductor layer overlap with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,218,070

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TUNING A COMMUNICATION DEVICE

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A device comprising:a first antenna having a radiating element and a feed point;
a first tunable element connected with the radiating element for tuning the first antenna, wherein adjusting of the first tunable element comprises an open loop process and is based on frequency information;
a matching network having a second tunable element coupled to the feed point, wherein the matching network receives control signals for adjusting the second tunable element to tune the matching network; and
a transceiver coupled to the matching network, wherein the frequency information comprises a frequency band in which the transceiver operates,
wherein a second antenna, coupled to a third tunable element for tuning the second antenna, forms an antenna system with the first antenna,
wherein cross-coupling between the first antenna and the second antenna is reduced by detuning the first antenna from a first operating frequency, detuning the second antenna from a second operating frequency, or both, thereby enhancing performance of the antenna system relative to the first antenna and the second antenna being tuned to the first operating frequency and the second operating frequency respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,218,069

TRACES BETWEEN PHASE ARRAY ANTENNA AND RADIO FREQUENCY INTEGRATED CIRCUIT IN MM WAVE SYSTEMS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A communication system for wireless signals, comprising:a phase array antenna having a plurality of individual antennas; and
a plurality of electrically conductive traces connecting the plurality of individual antennas to an RFIC (Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit), wherein each individual trace of the plurality of electrically conductive traces is connected between a corresponding individual antenna of the plurality of individual antennas and the RFIC,
wherein a remainder of a difference in lengths of any two individual traces Ti, Tk, divided by a signal wavelength ? is less than a defined limit, wherein the defined limit is a fraction of ?;
wherein conductive traces connected to individual antennas located centrally within the phase array antenna are shorter than conductive traces connected to individual antennas located at a periphery of the of the phase array antenna;
where ? is a wavelength of a wireless signal to be applied to the plurality of individual antennas.

US Pat. No. 10,218,068

IN-SITU ACTIVE IMPEDANCE CHARACTERIZATION OF SCANNED ARRAY ANTENNAS

1. A system comprising:a phased array antenna comprising a first antenna element and a second antenna element; and
a control component configured to:
determine a mutual coupling occurring between the first antenna element and the second antenna element during operation of the phased array antenna, whereby the first antenna element is transmitting a first signal and the second antenna element is transmitting a second signal, the first signal and second signal being coherently transmitted; and
adjust transmission of the first signal at the first antenna element to compensate for the mutual coupling determined between the first antenna element and the second antenna element, the compensation of the mutual coupling enables the first signal and the second signal to be steered in accordance with a defined radiation pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,218,067

TUNABLE METAMATERIAL SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Elwha LLC, Bellevue, WA ...

1. An antenna system, comprising:a plurality of sub-wavelength antenna elements;
a plurality of lumped impedance elements in communication with the plurality of sub-wavelength antenna elements;
a plurality of variable impedance control inputs configured to allow for the selection of an impedance value for each of the lumped impedance elements;
a processor; and
a computer-readable medium providing instructions accessible to the processor to cause the processor to perform operations for radiation patterning, comprising:
determining a scattering matrix (S-Matrix) of field amplitudes for each of a plurality of lumped ports, N, wherein the lumped ports, N, include:
a plurality of lumped antenna ports, Na, with impedance values corresponding to the impedance values of each of the plurality of lumped impedance elements; and
at least one lumped external port, Ne, located physically external to the antenna system,
wherein the S-Matrix is expressible in terms of an impedance matrix, Z-Matrix, with impedance values, zn, of each of the plurality of lumped ports, N;
identifying a target radiation pattern of the antenna system defined in terms of target field amplitudes in the S-Matrix for the at least one lumped external port, Ne;
determining an optimized port impedance vector {zn} of impedance values zn for each of the lumped antenna ports, Na, that results in an S-Matrix element for the at least one lumped external port, Ne, that approximates the target field amplitude for an operating frequency; and
adjusting at least one of the plurality of variable impedance control inputs to modify at least one of the impedance values of at least one of the plurality of variable lumped impedance elements based on the determined optimized {zn} of the impedance values for the lumped antenna ports, Na.

US Pat. No. 10,218,066

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING THE SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure, comprising:a first radiation arm;
a second radiation arm perpendicularly connected to the first radiation arm;
a feed end; and
a ground end;
wherein the antenna structure, a printed circuit board (PCB), a shielding can, and a display screen are received in an accommodation space of a housing;
wherein the antenna structure is disposed on the printed circuit board (PCB) of a wireless communication device, the PCB is disposed on a bottom wall of the housing of the wireless communication device; the shielding can is fixed to the PCB to cover electronic components for protecting electronic components from electromagnetic interference, and the display screen is secured on the shielding can; the PCB comprises two neighboring sides, each side comprises a keep-out-zone that delineates an area on the PCB in which the placement of other electronic components is forbidden, wherein each keep-out-zone is bounded between an outer wall of the housing and the shielding can, the first radiation arm and the second radiation arm are respectively received in the two keep-out-zones, the first radiation arm and the second radiation arm jointly form a junction where the two neighboring keep-out-zones meet, both the feed end and the ground end are positioned at a corner of the housing and are connected to the junction;
wherein both the first radiation arm and the second radiation arm are rectangular beams, and the first radiation arm is coplanar with the second radiation arm, the first radiation arm and the second radiation arm capable of triggering two orthogonal currents with same amplitude and causing a phase difference of 90 degrees, and the feed end is positioned in a plane perpendicular to the ground end.

US Pat. No. 10,218,065

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a metallic member, the metallic member comprising a front frame, a backboard, and a side frame, the side frame being positioned between the front frame and the backboard, the side frame comprising at least a top portion, a first side portion, and a second side portion, the first side portion and the second side portion being respectively connected to two ends of the top portion;
a first radiator; and
an isolating portion electrically connected to the first radiator;
wherein the side frame defines a slot, the slot is defined on the top portion;
wherein the front frame defines a gap, the gap communicates with the slot and extends across the front frame; and
wherein a first portion of the front frame from a first side of the gap to a first end of the slot forms a short portion, the first radiator is positioned adjacent to the short portion, and the isolation portion improves isolation between the short portion and the first radiator.

US Pat. No. 10,218,064

COMPOSITE SUBSTRATE FOR ANTENNA MODULE AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF

DOOSAN CORPORATION, Seou...

1. A composite substrate for an antenna module, the composite substrate comprising:a first non-magnetic substrate configured to have a first copper foil;
a second non-magnetic substrate configured to have a second copper foil; and
a magnetic sheet configured to be interposed between the first non-magnetic substrate and the second non-magnetic substrate and configured to be integrally laminated with the non-magnetic substrates,
wherein the composite substrate further comprises at least one of a first insulating adhesion layer and a second insulating adhesion layer, said first insulating adhesion layer being interposed between the first non-magnetic substrate and the magnetic sheet, and said second insulating adhesion layer being interposed between the second non-magnetic substrate and the magnetic sheet; and
wherein a peel strength of the first insulating adhesion layer or the second insulating adhesion layer with respect to the magnetic sheet is 0.6 to 3.0 kgf/cm2.

US Pat. No. 10,218,063

RADIO SIGNAL PICKUP FROM AN ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE SUBSTRATE UTILIZING PASSIVE SLITS

1. A device, comprising:a substrate of electrically conductive material including a plurality of separate apertures formed in the substrate,
one or more of the plurality of separate apertures comprises an active antenna having length dimension that is substantially larger than a width dimension, an edge of the aperture along the length dimension is electrically coupled with a radio frequency (RF) receiver and an opposing edge of the aperture along the length dimension is electrically coupled with a ground potential;
the length dimension is selected to detune the active antenna at a frequency that is lower than a target frequency to be detected by the RF receiver, the length dimension being longer than a wavelength of the target frequency divided by two; and
another of the one or more of the plurality of separate apertures comprises a passive slit that is not electrically coupled with the RF receiver or the ground potential, the RF receiver, the active antenna, and the passive slit being configured as a detection system, the detection system being configured to detect a signal having another frequency above the target frequency, the signal being generated by a device placed in close proximity to the detection system.

US Pat. No. 10,218,061

WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS ANTENNA AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE USING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A wireless communications antenna, comprising:a first coil comprising first conductive patterns disposed on a first layer along a first axis;
a second coil comprising second conductive patterns disposed on a second layer along a second axis having a direction different from a direction of the first axis; and
a magnetic material layer comprising a magnetic material,
wherein the first layer is disposed on the magnetic material layer; and
wherein the first coil further comprises:
third conductive patterns disposed on a third layer disposed below the magnetic material layer along the first axis; and
first via electrodes electrically connecting the first conductive patterns to the third conductive patterns.

US Pat. No. 10,218,060

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:a case body which is configured to be worn on a body of a user;
a display which is disposed in the case body;
a first element which is made of metal and is disposed outside the case body;
a circuit board which includes a ground pattern and is disposed in the case body; and
a second element which has an antenna electrode arranged proximate to a first end of the second element, and a power supply electrode arranged between the antenna electrode and a second end of the second element, and is disposed in the case body, wherein the antenna electrode is electrically connected to the ground pattern of the circuit board,
wherein the first element is disposed above the circuit board and the display along a direction, and the second element is disposed above the circuit board and below the first element along the direction.

US Pat. No. 10,218,059

BEAM-STEERING ANTENNA DEFLECTOR

SMC Networks, Irvine, CA...

1. A directional radio-frequency transceiver antenna comprising:an array of phase-controlled antennas to produce an anisotropic radio-frequency (“RF”) radiation pattern having a principal axis that is reorientable across a scanning range; and
a radio-reflective element positioned near to the array of phase-controlled antennas so that the radiation pattern illuminates the radio-reflective element over at least a portion of the scanning range,
said radio-reflective element shaped as a regularly-tiled hemisphere.

US Pat. No. 10,218,057

COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING INTERNAL COMPONENTS OF DEVICE AS RADIO ANTENNA

HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTR...

1. A communication device comprising:a circuit board;
a camera mechanism comprising a metal shielding and a camera module arranged on the circuit board, the metal shielding being arranged on the circuit board and covering the camera module; and
an antenna mechanism arranged on the metal shielding and electrically connected to a ground region of the circuit board through the metal shielding;
wherein the metal shielding includes a first surface and a plurality of side surfaces extending from edges of the first surface; the antenna mechanism is arranged on the first surface and at least one side surface.

US Pat. No. 10,218,055

ANTENNA

WISTRON NEWEB CORP., Hsi...

1. An antenna, adapted to be formed on a metal housing of an electronic device, comprising:a first slot, formed on the metal housing, capable of transmitting a low-band signal;
a second slot, formed on the metal housing, capable of transmitting a high-band signal, wherein the first slot and the second slot are aligned along an axis;
a substrate, disposed on the metal housing;
a feed conductor, disposed on the substrate and corresponding to the first slot, wherein the feed conductor is capable of feeding signal via coupling, the feed conductor is longitudinal, the feed conductor comprises a first section and a second section, the first section is extended in a first direction parallel to the axis, the first slot is extended in the first direction toward the second slot, the second section extends in a second direction, the second direction is opposite to the first direction, and the second slot extends in the second direction toward the first slot; and
a signal source, electrically connected to the feed conductor,
wherein the first section and the second section of the feed conductor are in the first slot on a projection plane.

US Pat. No. 10,218,054

ANTENNA FOR DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An antenna for an electronic device comprising:a radiator;
an antenna clip connected to a metallic housing of the electronic device, in which a part of the antenna clip comprises at least a first conductor of a capacitor;
a feeding part connected with a first portion of the radiator; and
a ground connected with a second portion of the radiator and the capacitor,
wherein the capacitor further includes a second conductor arranged in parallel with the part of the antenna clip, and a dielectric between the first conductor and the second conductor, and
wherein at least a part of the metallic housing comprises the second conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,218,053

ANTENNA DEVICE

HTC CORPORATION, Taoyuan...

1. An antenna device, comprising:a circuit board, comprising a ground layer;
a plurality of electronic components, being disposed on the circuit board and including a microprocessor and a wireless communication chip;
a functional component module comprising a carrier and a metal member disposed on the carrier, the carrier having a main portion and an extended portion, a side surface of the main portion being spaced apart from and facing toward a side surface of the circuit board, and the extended portion extending integrally from the side surface of the main portion to connect with the side surface of the circuit board;
a first antenna module, having a feed point, a first ground point and a first radiator, the feed point being disposed on the main portion and electrically connected to a side of the metal member, the first ground point being disposed on the extended portion and electrically connected to the other side of the metal member and electrically connected to the ground layer, and the first radiator comprising at least a part of the metal member, wherein, the feed point and the first ground point are disposed on two opposite sides of the first radiator, respectively; and
a feed line, having one end electrically connected to the feed point and another end electrically connected to the wireless communication chip, and being configured to transmit a first wireless signal to the feed point to feed into the first radiator;
wherein a radiation path of the first antenna module is defined from the feed point disposed on the main portion through the first radiator to the first ground point disposed on the extended portion.

US Pat. No. 10,218,052

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH TUNABLE HYBRID ANTENNAS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

12. An electronic device, comprising:a metal housing with four edges;
first and second antennas located along one of the four edges, wherein each of the first and second antennas is a hybrid antenna that includes:
a ground plane formed from a portion of the metal housing;
a slot in the ground plane that forms a slot antenna resonating element for the hybrid antenna, wherein a conductive structure separates the slot of the first antenna from the slot of the second antenna;
a planar inverted-F antenna resonating element for the hybrid antenna that indirectly feeds the slot antenna resonating element, wherein the conductive structure is interposed between the planar inverted-F antenna resonating element of the first antenna and the planar inverted-F antenna resonating element of the second antenna; and
a tunable inductor that tunes the hybrid antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,218,051

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a metallic member, the metallic member comprising a front frame, a backboard, and a side frame, the side frame being between the front frame and the backboard;
a feed portion;
a radiating portion; and
a second matching circuit comprising a switch and a plurality of fourth inductors;
wherein the side frame defines a slot;
wherein the front frame defines a first gap, a second gap, and a fourth gap, the first gap and the second gap are between two opposite ends of the slot, the fourth gap is on an end of the slot; the first gap, the second gap, and the fourth gap communicate with the slot and extend across the front frame; and
wherein a portion of the front frame between the first gap and the second gap forms a first radiating section, another portion of the front frame between the second gap and the fourth gap forms a third radiating section; the radiating portion crosses the second gap and connects to the first radiating section and the third radiating section; the feed portion electrically connects to the first radiating section; an end of the second matching circuit electrically connects to the radiating portion, the other end of the second matching circuit connects to a ground.

US Pat. No. 10,218,050

DEVICE FOR TRANSFERRING SIGNALS FROM A METAL HOUSING

1. A device for enabling wireless communication with a field device, comprising:a transmitting and receiving unit disposed in a field device housing and embodied to generate and to receive electromagnetic waves from an opening in the field device housing, which is metallic at least in part;
a primary antenna disposed in the housing embodied to decouple the generated electromagnetic waves of the transmitting and receiving unit and to couple and transfer the received electromagnetic waves to the transmitting and receiving unit;
a first secondary antenna embodied to receive the generated electromagnetic waves decoupled from the primary antenna, the first secondary antenna disposed within the housing in the housing opening; and
a second secondary antenna embodied to receive electromagnetic waves transferred from outside the housing, the second secondary antenna disposed outside the housing in the housing opening,
wherein the first secondary antenna is joined to the second secondary antenna at a reflection point between the first and second secondary antennas, such that an impedance jump occurs between the first and second secondary antennas.

US Pat. No. 10,218,049

ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCORPORATED INTO A SHEET

Uniqarta, Inc., Cambridg...

1. A method comprisingforming a flexible electronic device carrier strip by
forming flexible conductive elements in one or more rows along a length of the electronic device strip,
connecting thin integrated circuit chips to the flexible conductive elements to form electronic devices, and
forming perforations along the length of the carrier strip,
the flexible conductive elements including openings corresponding to the perforations along the length of the carrier strip.

US Pat. No. 10,218,048

VEHICLE

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A vehicle comprising:a vehicle body;
a drive mechanism for moving the vehicle body;
a windshield located between a vehicle interior and an outside, at least a surface on the vehicle interior side of the windshield being a surface of glass;
an antenna part provided in the vehicle interior and for transmitting a transmission wave from the vehicle interior through the windshield to the outside, the transmission wave being a radio wave in a millimeter waveband, and receiving a reflected wave that enters the vehicle interior from the outside through the windshield;
a reflection suppression layer including a dielectric layer that adheres to the surface on the antenna part side of the windshield;
a high-frequency oscillator for outputting high-frequency electric power to the antenna part; and
a receiver for receiving input of a radio wave received by the antenna part and outputting a received signal;
wherein the dielectric layer has a refractive index that is lower than a refractive index of the glass and higher than a refractive index of air; and
the dielectric layer has a thickness that allows reflection of the transmission wave to be suppressed by interference between a reflected wave generated by reflection of the transmission wave on an interface at which the dielectric layer adheres to the surface of the windshield, and a reflected wave generated by reflection of the transmission wave on a surface on the antenna part side of the dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,218,047

PLANAR ANTENNA APPARATUS AND SUPPORT OF PLANAR ANTENNA APPARATUS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A planar antenna apparatus comprising:a support comprising: a support main body, and three or more support legs extending from the support main body;
a first movable unit rotatably supported around a first axis with respect to the support;
a second movable unit rotatably supported around a second axis with respect to the first movable unit, the second axis extending along a main surface of the first movable unit;
a third movable unit rotatably supported around a third axis with respect to the second movable unit, the third axis extending along a thickness direction of the second movable unit;
an antenna unit supported by the third movable unit; and
a connection wire electrically connecting the first movable unit and the third movable unit,
wherein, when an elevation angle of the antenna unit is set to a minimum use angle, a center of gravity of an entire body including the support, the first movable unit, the second movable unit, the third movable unit, the antenna unit, and the connection wire is aligned with a center of gravity of a polygon which connects a grounding point of the three or more support legs when viewed perpendicular to an installation surface with which the support legs are in contact.

US Pat. No. 10,218,046

INTEGRATED CELL SITE SECTOR

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A cell site sector, comprising:a mounting frame;
a radio frequency (RF) antenna mounted to one side of the mounting frame;
at least one remote radio unit (RRU) mounted to a second, opposed side of the mounting frame and operationally connected with the antenna;
wherein the RRU and the RF antenna have horizontal width and depth dimensions, the width dimension being greater than the depth dimension, and wherein the width dimension of the RRU is generally parallel with the width dimension of the RF antenna;
wherein the mounting frame further comprises a backplane and a subfloor attached to the backplane to form a sealed cavity, and wherein the antenna is mounted to the subfloor and the RRU is mounted to the backplane.

US Pat. No. 10,218,045

SERIALLY CONNECTED TRANSMISSION LINE SECTIONS EACH HAVING A CONDUCTIVE SHIELD MEMBER OVERLYING A PORTION OF A STRIP CONDUCTOR

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

13. A microwave transmission line structure, comprising:a plurality of serially connected microwave transmission line structure sections, each one of the sections comprising:
a pair of ground strip conductors on a surface of a dielectric substrate structure;
a signal strip conductor disposed on the surface of the dielectric substrate structure between the pair of ground strip conductors;
a solid dielectric layer disposed over: the signal strip conductor; and the surface of the dielectric substrate structure between sides of each one of the ground strip conductors;
an electrically conductive shield member disposed on the solid dielectric layer and on, and in direct contact with, upper surfaces of the pair of ground strip conductors;
wherein the electrically conductive shield member is disposed over a first portion of the signal strip conductor, second portions of the signal strip conductor being uncovered by the electrically conductive shield member, the first portion of the signal strip conductor being disposed between the pair of second portions of the signal strip conductor; and
wherein the electrically conductive shield member has wide portions and narrow portions and wherein the wide portions are electrically interconnected with the narrow portions, and;
wherein the narrow portions are disposed over portions of the signal strip conductor adjacent to the second, uncovered portions of the strip conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,218,044

JOHNSON LITHIUM OXYGEN ELECTROCHEMICAL ENGINE

Johnson IP Holding, LLC, ...

1. A rechargeable lithium air battery comprising a ceramic separator forming an anode chamber, a molten lithium anode contained in the anode chamber, an air cathode, a non-aqueous electrolyte, and an electrolyte reservoir adjacent to the cathode, wherein the cathode has a temperature gradient comprising a low temperature region and a high temperature region, and wherein the temperature gradient provides a flow system for reaction product produced by the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,218,043

DUAL PHASE BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM

1. A cooling system for a battery cell having a top surface and a bottom surface, the cooling system comprising:a wicking material and a first cooling fluid disposed therein;
a battery cell support configured to hold the battery cell in direct contact with the wicking material;
a first cooling channel having a wall, the wall having an interior and an exterior surface, the interior surface of the wall of the first cooling channel defining a lumen, the exterior surface of the wall of the first cooling channel in direct contact with the wicking material;
wherein the wicking material is a structural cylinder having a first diameter similar to a second diameter of the battery cell and defining a hole having a first end and a second end, the first end terminating adjacent the exterior surface of the wall of the first cooling channel, and
wherein the battery cell support is configured to hold the battery cell such that a portion of the bottom surface of the battery cell is positioned over the second end of the hole;
whereby a second cooling fluid, different from the first cooling fluid, is passed through the lumen of the first cooling channel, and
whereby the first cooling fluid in the wicking material vaporizes in response to heat radiating from the battery cell, moves away from the bottom surface of the battery cell through the hole, condenses upon contact with the exterior surface of the wall of the first cooling channel, and is wicked by the wicking material to the battery cell once condensed.

US Pat. No. 10,218,042

HEAT DISSIPATING DEVICE FOR AN ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICE

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A system comprising:an electrochemical storage device which, when operating normally, comprises an anode compartment filled with an anode material and a cathode compartment filled with a cathode material, wherein the anode compartment is separated from the cathode compartment by an ion conducting solid electrolyte, wherein the anode compartment is defined on one side at least in part by the solid electrolyte, and on another side at least in part by a wall at least partially surrounding the solid electrolyte, and
wherein the electrochemical storage device comprises a top part, at which electrical energy may be supplied or conducted away, a bottom part arranged opposite the top part, and at least one side part comprising the wall and arranged between top part and bottom part, and
wherein the system further comprises at least one heat dissipating device, configured to be separable from the electrochemical storage device and to receive heat from the electrochemical storage device via a first surface and to release the heat via a second surface,
wherein the electrochemical storage device further comprises a receiving portion, configured to be brought into thermal contact with the heat dissipating device,
wherein the first surface of the heat dissipating device is adapted to be connected at least in part with the receiving portion of the electrochemical storage device,
wherein the top part has a larger circumferential surface than the bottom part and the side part comprises a shaped region such that the electrochemical storage device is tapered from the top part towards the bottom part and the electrochemical storage device is removably supported at the shaped region by the heat dissipating device, and
wherein an uppermost surface of the heat dissipating device contacts the shaped region.

US Pat. No. 10,218,041

TEMPERATURE CONTROL DEVICE FOR BATTERY PACK OF VEHICLE

MITSUBISHI JIDOSHA KABUSH...

1. A temperature control device for a battery pack of a vehicle, comprising:a medium circulation path which is provided within a battery case accommodating a battery for travelling the vehicle and circulates heating medium therein to heat the battery;
a heating part which is provided in the medium circulation path and heats the heating medium;
a fan which is provided in the medium circulation path and sends the heating medium; and
an excessive heating preventing part which is provided in the medium circulation path between the heating part and the fan and stops a heating operation of the heating part at a predetermined temperature of the heating medium,
wherein the heating part, the excessive heating preventing part, the fan, and the battery are arranged in this order in a flow direction of the heating medium,
wherein the medium circulation path comprises:
an erection part that erects upward from a portion located at a downstream of the heating part in the flow direction of the heating medium;
a bent part that bends in a horizontal direction from an upper end of the erection part; and
a space including part that includes a space portion whose upper part communicates with a suction port of the fan, and
wherein the space including part has an inner wall of the medium circulation path which opposes the suction port, the space including part communicates to the erection part through the bent part, and the excessive heating prevention part is disposed on the inner wall.

US Pat. No. 10,218,040

STORAGE BATTERY CONTROL DEVICE AND STORAGE BATTERY CONTROL METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A storage battery control device, comprising:a first reception unit that receives a charge and discharge command from a power management device;
a second reception unit that receives a current electricity storage state from each of a plurality of storage batteries;
a calculation unit that calculates a control amount, which indicates a ratio of the current electricity storage state in an operation range which is a range of an amount of power that corresponds to a range of an electricity storage state in a case of operating the storage battery, with respect to each of the plurality of storage batteries on the basis of the current electricity storage state and the operation range of the electricity storage state;
a determination unit that determines whether or not the control amount is in the operation range with respect to each of the plurality of storage batteries;
a generation unit that excludes a storage battery of which the control amount is determined as out of the operation range by the determination unit, and generates a charge and discharge output value, which is an output value of charge and discharge for each of residual storage batteries of which the control amount is determined as in the operation range by the determination unit on the basis of the control amount that is calculated for each of the residual storage batteries, and the charge and discharge command that is received from the power management device; and
a transmission unit that transmits the charge and discharge output value to each of the residual storage batteries, the charge and discharge output value being generated by the generation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,218,039

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING STATE OF SAFETY PLUG

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An apparatus to detect a state of a safety plug, the apparatus comprising:a safety plug configured to switch a connection between battery modules; and
a voltage output unit configured to apply a test voltage to distribution elements operatively connected to the safety plug, and output a single output voltage varying based on an “on” state in which the safety plug is connected between the battery modules, an “off” state in which the safety plug is disconnected between the battery modules, a state in which the safety plug is shorted to a ground, and a state in which the safety plug is shorted to an external power source,
wherein the distribution elements comprise a first resistor, a second resistor, and a third resistor,
wherein the voltage output unit comprises a voltage source directly connected to the first resistor and the third resistor, and
wherein the single output voltage is calculated based on the test voltage, the first resistor, the second resistor and the third resistor in response to the state of the safety plug.

US Pat. No. 10,218,038

BATTERY SENSOR POSITIONER, BATTERY SENSOR ASSEMBLY EQUIPPED WITH SAME, AND BATTERY SENSOR

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A positioner for settling the position of a battery sensor, including a battery post terminal and a casing incorporating a circuit board having an electric circuit for detecting a state of the battery, and the battery sensor being mounted to a battery post of a battery, comprising:a sensor-fixing part for fixing the battery sensor; and
a rotation-blocking part capable of coming in contact with a side surface of the battery;
wherein the sensor-fixing part includes a fitting section and a lid section, the fitting section configured to be inserted at least a part of the battery sensor from a prescribed insertion direction and fitted to the inserted battery sensor, the lid section configured to come in contact with the battery sensor fitted to the fitting section from the insertion direction,
wherein the fitting section comes in contact with the battery sensor by a plurality of tapered ribs formed along the insertion direction, and
wherein the battery sensor and the sensor-fixing part are configured as separate pieces.

US Pat. No. 10,218,037

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR REGENERATING NICKEL METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY

PRIMEARTH EV ENERGY CO., ...

1. A method for regenerating a nickel metal hydride battery, wherein the nickel metal hydride battery includes a hydrogen absorbing alloy that serves as a negative electrode material and a safety valve that opens when an internal pressure of a battery case is greater than or equal to a predetermined pressure, the method comprising:connecting a plurality of nickel metal hydride batteries in parallel, wherein each nickel metal hydride battery is formed by integrating one or more battery cells;
overcharging the nickel metal hydride batteries by supplying current from a charge unit that is connected in parallel to the nickel metal hydride batteries; and
when each nickel metal hydride battery is overcharged, restoring a discharge reserve of a negative electrode of the overcharged nickel metal hydride battery by releasing at least some of an oxygen gas generated at a positive electrode of the overcharged nickel metal hydride battery out of the battery case through the safety valve,
wherein a switch is arranged between each nickel metal hydride battery and the charge unit to connect and disconnect the corresponding nickel metal hydride battery and the charge unit, and each nickel metal hydride battery includes a voltage measurement unit that measures voltage between terminals of the corresponding nickel metal hydride battery, the method further comprising:
setting in advance a voltage increase width per unit of time before the safety valve opens in the nickel metal hydride battery that has a decreased positive electrode capacity; and
when a voltage increase width of a voltage value measured by at least one of the voltage measurement units is greater than or equal to the set voltage increase width during charging of the nickel metal hydride batteries, stopping charging of the corresponding nickel metal hydride battery.

US Pat. No. 10,218,036

BATTERY PACK, ELECTRICAL DEVICE, AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

NEC Energy Devices, Ltd.,...

1. A battery pack comprising:a battery unit that includes secondary battery cells;
a determination unit programed to measure, as index values pertaining to a deterioration state of the battery unit, time elapsed from when the battery unit was manufactured, and said determination unit programed to determine whether the battery unit has reached its end of life by using the measured index values;
a suspension unit programed to suspend use of the battery unit when the battery unit has been determined to have reached its end of life; and
a temperature detection unit programed to detect a temperature of the battery unit,
wherein the determination unit is programed to correct the measured elapsed time based on the temperature and is programed to determine whether the battery unit has reached its end life by using corrected that is the corrected elapsed time.

US Pat. No. 10,218,035

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY ASSEMBLY, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method of manufacturing a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the method comprising:preparing a positive electrode that includes a positive electrode active material layer containing a positive electrode active material and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, a negative electrode that includes a negative electrode active material layer containing a negative electrode active material, and a nonaqueous electrolytic solution that contains an oxalato complex compound;
constructing a battery assembly using the positive electrode, the negative electrode, and the nonaqueous electrolytic solution; and
initially charging the battery assembly, wherein
the negative electrode active material contains a carbon material,
the battery assembly is constructed such that a following expression of 0.000036?B1/A1?0.001048 is satisfied, where A1 ppm represents a content of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone per unit mass of the positive electrode active material layer, and B1 mol/kg represents a content of the oxalato complex compound in the nonaqueous electrolytic solution per unit mass of the negative electrode active material,
A1 is 33 ppm to 710 ppm,
B1 is 0.0258 mol/kg to 0.1378 mol/kg.

US Pat. No. 10,218,032

LI-ION CONDUCTIVE OXIDE CERAMIC MATERIAL INCLUDING GARNET-TYPE OR SIMILAR CRYSTAL STRUCTURE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A Li-ion conductive oxide ceramic material including a garnet-type or similar crystal structure represented by the following composition formula (1):Li7+xLa3Zr2?xAxO12  (1)whereA is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Nd, Gd, Ho, and Yb, and
x is a number such that 0

US Pat. No. 10,218,031

BATTERY SYSTEM AND PRODUCTION METHOD

Millibatt, Inc., Los Ang...

13. A battery unit comprising:a substrate comprising silicon and defining a cell, the cell comprising:
a base encompassed by a continuous wall; and
a set of posts extending normal to the base;
a passivated material applied to horizontal surfaces of the substrate within and around the cell;
an electrolyte material coating vertical surfaces of each post, in the set of posts, and vertical surfaces of the continuous wall in the cell;
a cathode material filling the cell over the electrolyte material, between posts in the set of posts, and between the set of posts and the continuous wall and arranged within and up to an inside edge of the continuous wall;
a seal extending along a top of the continuous wall; and
a cathode current collector bonded to the seal, electrically coupled to the cathode material, and cooperating with the substrate to enclose the cell to form a single-cell battery.

US Pat. No. 10,218,030

ELECTRODE STRUCTURE, SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK AND VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An electrode structure comprising:a current collector;
an active material layer comprising a main surface and a first end face other than the main surface; and
a separator layer, wherein
the active material layer covers a first part of at least one surface of the current collector,
the separator layer covers the main surface of the active material layer, at least a part of the first end face and a second part of the at least one surface of the current collector, and the separator layer comprises a first end part which is brought into contact with the second part of the at least one surface of the current collector, and
wherein the electrode structure satisfies a ratio b/a falling within a range of 0.0001 to 0.5,
where a is a distance from the first end face of the active material layer to the first end part of the separator layer, and
b is a distance in a direction parallel to the at least one surface of the current collector, which is from a first edge of the active material layer to a surface of the separator layer, the main surface of the active material layer and the first end face of the active material layer intersect at the first edge of the active material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,218,029

ELECTRODE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY, SECONDARY BATTERY, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE ELECTRODE AND THE SECONDARY BATTERY

NEC ENERGY DEVICES, LTD.,...

1. An electrode for a secondary battery to be laminated with another type of electrode, with a separator interposed therebetween, to constitute a battery electrode assembly, which is comprised of a collector and an active material layer formed on the collector; comprisinga coated part in which the active material layer is formed on the collector; and
an uncoated part in which the active material layer is not formed on the collector,
wherein the active material layer comprises:
in at least a part of an outer peripheral portion of the coated part, a high density part having a smaller thickness and a higher density than those of a portion other than the outer peripheral portion, and
a non-high density part positioned at an outer edge part of the coated part, smaller in thickness than a portion other than the outer peripheral portion, and lower in density than the high density part,
wherein the high density part is positioned closer to the center than the non-high density part in the outer peripheral portion of the coated part.

US Pat. No. 10,218,028

ELEVATED TEMPERATURE LI/METAL BATTERY SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An electrochemical cell system, comprising:a housing;
at least one electrochemical cell within the housing and including an anode including a form of lithium, and an ionic liquid electrolyte within a cathode, the cathode separated from the anode by a solid separator impervious to the ionic liquid electrolyte;
a temperature sensor within the housing;
an environmental controller at least partially positioned within the housing and configured to maintain a temperature within the housing above 70° C. based upon input from the temperature sensor;
a memory;
program instructions stored within the memory; and
a processor operably connected to the memory, the environmental controller, and the temperature sensor, the processor configured to execute the program instructions to
obtain a signal from the temperature sensor, and
control the environmental controller based upon the signal to maintain the temperature within the housing above 70° C. and below a melting temperature of the form of lithium, wherein the temperature is a temperature of the ionic liquid electrolyte within the cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,218,027

VEHICLE STARTER BATTERY

A123 Systems, LLC, Walth...

1. A starter battery comprising:a dielectric frame comprising a plurality of first slots;
a lower first bus bar disposed on the dielectric frame, the lower first bus bar comprising a plurality of weld members and a plurality of second slots, the plurality of second slots aligned with the plurality of first slots of the dielectric frame;
a plurality of prismatic cells stacked to form an array, each of the plurality of prismatic cells having a positive cell tab and a negative cell tab projecting through one of the plurality of first slots, and through a corresponding one of the plurality of second slots, where each of the positive cell tabs and each of the negative cell tabs of the plurality of prismatic cells is folded over the lower first bus bar with a bend radius, and where each of the positive cell tabs and each of the negative cell tabs are bent in a same direction, where each of the positive and negative cell tabs is folded over one of the plurality of weld members, and where each of the positive and negative cell tabs has a side facing the cell array and an opposite side; and
an upper second bus bar positioned on top of the positive and negative cell tabs of the plurality of prismatic cells such that the positive and negative cell tabs are disposed between the lower first bus bar and the upper second bus bar;
wherein the plurality of weld members of the lower first bus bar contact the sides of the positive and negative cell tabs facing the cell array while the upper second bus bar contacts the opposite sides of the positive and negative cell tabs.

US Pat. No. 10,218,026

FLEXIBLE FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEM

Intelligent Energy Limite...

1. A flexible fuel cell power system comprisinga fuel cell cartridge comprising a plurality of fuel cell modules and a water compartment,
a fuel cell system, and
a platform,
wherein said fuel cell cartridge and said fuel cell system are attached to said platform, and
wherein said platform includes bendable joints or flexures which permit said platform to be flexible;
wherein the platform comprises a plurality of connection points configured to engage the plurality of fuel cell modules and water compartment via a plurality of interface pins;
wherein one of the plurality of connection points comprises a water supply interface connected with a tube to a water pump, with the water compartment connected to the water supply interface;
wherein two or more of the plurality of connection points each comprise an H2-out interface pin and a water-in interface pin, with the plurality of fuel cell modules connected to the two or more connection points;
wherein each water-in interface pin is connected with a tube to a selector valve block configured to control and direct the flow of water to the plurality of fuel cell modules.

US Pat. No. 10,218,025

FLOW-GUIDING PLATE FOR A FUEL CELL

1. A flow guiding plate for a fuel cell, comprising:a conducting sheet comprising a relief:
defining an alternation of flow channels on opposite first and second faces of the sheet, two successive flow channels of the first face being separated by walls delimiting a flow channel of the second face, the flow channels of the first and second faces extending along a same longitudinal direction;
defining, at a first end of each of the flow channels of the second face and of a first group of flow channels of the first face, a respective access orifice for access to the flow channels;
defining, at a second end of each of the flow channels of the second face and of a second group of flow channels of the first face, a respective access orifice for access to the flow channels;
defining, at the second end of each of the flow channels of the first group a first flow restriction, and at the first end of each of the flow channels of the second group a second flow restriction, the first flow restriction with respect to the other being located at an end opposite from the second flow restriction, the first face comprising an alternation of flow channels of the first group and of flow channels of the second group,
wherein the conducting sheet includes a single first flat part extending continuously across the access orifices of the first end of the flow channels of the second face and extending across the access orifices of the flow channels of the first group of the first face, the single first flat part being planar and located beyond the first end of the flow channels of the second face in the longitudinal direction, and
wherein the conducting sheet includes a single second flat part extending continuously across the access orifices of the second end of the flow channels of the second face and extending across the access orifices of the flow channels of the first group of the first face, the second flat part being planar and located beyond the second end of the flow channels of the second face in the longitudinal direction.