US Pat. No. 10,658,767

CONDUCTOR CONNECTION CONTACT ELEMENT HAVING A POWER RAIL PIECE AND A CLAMPING SPRING FOR CLAMPING AN ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR

WAGO Verwaltungsgellschaf...

1. A conductor connection contact element for clamping an electrical conductor, the conductor connection contact element comprising:a first side wall;
a second side wall arranged opposite the first side wall;
a base section extending from the first side wall towards the opposing second side wall;
a cover section arranged opposite the base section and extending from the first side wall towards the second side wall, the first side wall and the second side wall bordering a conductor insertion channel with the base section and the cover section, wherein the first side wall, the second side wall, the base section, and the cover section being formed from one sheet metal part, and wherein the first side wall, the second side wall, the base section and the cover section form a power rail piece; and
a clamping spring arranged on the power rail piece, the clamping spring having an abutment section on a first end region and a clamping section on a second end region, which is opposite the first end region, the clamping section having a clamping edge for clamping the electrical conductor,
wherein the abutment section is arranged on the base section,
wherein a freely movable end of the clamping section extends towards the cover section,
wherein the first side wall has an opening, and
wherein the clamping spring with its abutment section, the clamping section and a resilient bend, which connects the abutment section with the clamping section, projects into the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,658,766

SPRING TERMINAL FOR A CONDUCTOR

1. A direct clamp terminal for connecting an electrical conductor, comprising:a) a housing containing a chamber and an insertion conduit which permits the electrical conductor to be inserted into the chamber;
b) a bus bar connected with said housing;
c) a clamping spring arranged in said chamber and providing a pressure force to connect the electrical conductor with the bus bar in a clamping position, said clamping spring including a clamping limb which pivots about a pivot axis for movement between a detent mode in which it is locked in a locked position and a clamping mode in which it is released from the detent mode and presses the electrical conductor against said bus bar;
d) an actuating element movable within said housing to release said clamping limb from the detent mode and move said clamping limb to the clamping mode; and
e) a release element connected with said housing for operating said actuating element to release said clamping limb from the detent mode, said actuating element alternatively being manually operable to release said clamping limb from the detent mode.

US Pat. No. 10,658,765

EDGE-FIRING ANTENNA WALLS BUILT INTO SUBSTRATE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A planar antenna comprising:a first substrate comprising a dielectric having two parallel sides;
a planar antenna formed on a first of the two parallel sides of the dielectric; and
a feed port for the antenna, the feed port located adjacent the dielectric, wherein a plane of the planar antenna is configured for perpendicular attachment to a second substrate and the feed port includes a first part perpendicular to the planar antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,658,764

FEEDING NETWORK OF DUAL-BEAM ANTENNA AND DUAL-BEAM ANTENNA

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A feeding network of a dual-beam antenna, comprising:a cavity, comprising an upper grounding metal plate and a lower grounding metal plate;
a printed circuit board (PCB), disposed inside of the cavity, the PCB comprising:
a splitting network circuit configured in strip line, and
a phase-shift circuit configured in strip line; and
at least two radio-frequency signal input ports connected to the splitting network circuit on the PCB, and after sequentially passing through the splitting network circuit and the phase-shift circuit on the PCB, radio-frequency signals that are input from the at least two radio-frequency signal input ports form, by using an antenna element of the dual-beam antenna, at least two beams between which there is an angle, wherein the at least two radio-frequency signal input ports comprise a first radio-frequency signal input port and a second radio-frequency signal input port, and the splitting network circuit comprises:
a 90-degree bridge, wherein an input port of the 90-degree bridge is connected to the first radio-frequency signal input port;
a power splitter, wherein an input port of the power splitter is connected to the second radio-frequency signal input port; and
a first 180-degree bridge and a second 180-degree bridge each of which is connected to the 90-degree bridge, the power splitter, and the phase-shift circuit, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,658,763

PER-ELEMENT POWER CONTROL FOR ARRAY BASED COMMUNICATIONS

Maxlinear, Inc., Carlsba...

1. A communications system comprising:a combining circuit operable to produce a weighted sum of a plurality of digital datastreams, wherein a power of the weighted sum may be above a threshold during one or more time periods;
a crest factor circuit operable to clip the weighted sum when the weighted sum falls above a power threshold; and
a phase shifter operable to introduce a phase shift to out-of-band components of the weighted sum when clipping occurs, wherein the out-of-band components of the weighted sum are outside of a transmit band over which information in the plurality of digital datastreams is communicated.

US Pat. No. 10,658,762

MULTI-BAND MILLIMETER WAVE ANTENNA ARRAYS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A phased antenna array, comprising:a dielectric substrate;
a first set of patch antenna resonating elements on the dielectric substrate and configured to convey radio-frequency signals in a first communications band at frequencies greater than 30 GHz;
a second set of patch antenna resonating elements disposed around the first set of patch antenna resonating elements on the dielectric substrate and configured to convey radio-frequency signals in a second communications band at frequencies that are lower than the first communications band; and
a third set of patch antenna resonating elements on the dielectric substrate and configured to convey radio-frequency signals in a third communications band at frequencies that are higher than the second communications band and lower than the first communications band, wherein an entirety of each of the patch antenna resonating elements in the third set of patch antenna resonating element overlaps a respective one of the patch antenna resonating elements in the second set of patch antenna resonating elements.

US Pat. No. 10,658,761

ADAPTER STRUCTURE WITH WAVEGUIDE CHANNELS

1. An adapter structure for transferring an electromagnetic signal between an electronic component (2?) and an antenna (3?), the adapter structure comprising:an adapter body (3c?) having a base surface (130b);
at least one ridged adapter waveguide channel (170), wherein the at least one adapter waveguide channel (170) extends from the base surface (130b) into the adapter body (3c?);
an electromagnetic band gap structure with a plurality of band gap elements, wherein the band gap elements (160, 161) are spaced apart relative to each other, project from the base surface (130b) and have a front face spaced apart from the base surface (130b);
wherein at least one band gap element (161) is arranged as an extension of a ridge of the at least one adapter waveguide channel (170).

US Pat. No. 10,658,760

HORN ANTENNA ARRAY

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A horn antenna array comprising at least two horn antenna elements arranged along a first direction, wherein,each of the at least two horn antenna elements includes
a base having a slot extending along a second direction which intersects the first direction, and
a horn communicating with the slot, the horn having a pair of electrically-conductive first inner walls intersecting the first direction and a pair of electrically-conductive second inner walls intersecting the second direction; and
the pair of second inner walls each include a protrusion, the protrusions defining a pair of opposing protrusions.

US Pat. No. 10,658,759

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TWO-WAY GROUND AND SATELLITE BASED COMMUNICATION USING MILLIMETER WAVES

1. A system for one-to-many and/or many-to-many communication using a point-to-multipoint communication technology with millimeter waves, the system comprising:a plurality of transmitters, and wherein each of the plurality of transmitters comprise a hardware processor, a memory, a server and an array of transmitting antennas, and wherein each of the hardware processor further comprises a plurality of field programmable gate arrays, a plurality of general purpose processors and a plurality of application specific integrated-circuits and wherein the field programmable gate arrays and the application specific integrated circuits are configured to process all the information transmitted from the transmitter to perform a delay correction related to a beam-forming delay, and wherein the field programmable gate arrays and the application specific integrated circuits are configured to perform a delay correction related to a beam-forming delay in baseband rather than after a high frequency (millimeter wave) carrier is applied, to dynamically change the number of beams, and wherein the hardware processor is configured to minimize an overall power required by dynamically enabling and disabling specific channels based on a user-availability and a requirement, and wherein the hardware is also configured to increase or decrease power to specific narrow beams based on a desired channel quality;
a plurality of receivers, and wherein each the plurality of receivers comprise a hardware processor, a memory, a server and an array of receiving antennas, and wherein each of the hardware processor further comprises a plurality of field programmable gate arrays, a plurality of general purpose processors and a plurality of application specific integrated circuits, and wherein the field programmable gate arrays and the application specific integrated circuits are configured to process all information received in the receiver to perform a delay correction related to a beam-forming delay, and wherein the field programmable gate arrays and the application specific integrated circuits are configured to perform a delay correction related to a beam-forming delay in baseband rather than after a high frequency (millimeter wave) carrier is applied, to dynamically change the number of beams, and wherein the hardware processor is configured to minimize an overall power required by dynamically enabling and disabling specific channels based on a user-availability and a requirement, and wherein the hardware is also configured to increase or decrease power to specific narrow beams based on a desired channel quality;
a transmitting medium;
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) scheme for modulation and demodulation, and wherein demodulation is performed through soft demodulation and hard demodulation techniques;
a plurality of small low noise amplifiers or power amplifiers in an antenna element configured to provide an uninterrupted communication service with an optimized power consumption for a plurality of channel conditions; and
wherein a plurality of beams is formed with transmitting/receiving antenna for efficient re-use of a spectrum through a combined use of Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA) and Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) techniques;
wherein the hardware processor is configured to perform an auto-calibration process for positional offsets of array antenna, and wherein the process estimates and corrects for manufacturing inaccuracies in position of elements in the array after a phase correction is performed for the array antenna, and wherein the process for estimation and correction for transmitting and receiving antenna is performed to:
configure one of the elements in the array as reference element;
represent the observed and expected phase difference for an element, and wherein the expected phase difference includes the phase correction for path related to the element;
compute the observed and expected phase difference for a plurality of different orientations;
store the computed data in form of matrices;
configure the use of least square error principal and obtain 3-dimensional positional offsets corresponding to element in the array antenna; and repeat the above steps for all elements in the array antenna to obtain the relative error with respect to the reference element.

US Pat. No. 10,658,758

MODULAR ANTENNA ASSEMBLY

The Boeing Company, Chic...

16. An antenna assembly, comprising:a plurality of separate and distinct antenna modules that are interconnected together to form an antenna layer, wherein each of the plurality of separate and distinct antenna modules comprises half-thickness outer walls that cooperate to form a full thickness outer wall with another half-thickness walls of another one of the plurality of separate and distinct antenna modules further comprises (a) a support structure including a core frame connected to a separate and distinct core support, (b) a backskin connected to one or both of the core frame and the core support, and (c) an antenna card supported by the support structure, wherein the antenna card comprises at least one antenna element, wherein the support structure, the backskin and the antenna card are bonded together with adhesive through rotational curing;
an alignment grid configured to receive and align each of the plurality of separate and distinct antenna modules;
a cover layer configured to receive and align each of the plurality of separate and distinct antenna modules; and
an electronics layer operatively connected to the antenna layer, wherein the electronics layer comprises a plurality of separate and distinct electronics card modules;
wherein the full thickness outer wall is defined as a thickness of internal support walls of two or more of the plurality of separate and distinct antenna modules.

US Pat. No. 10,658,757

SATELLITE GROUND TERMINAL UTILIZING FREQUENCY-SELECTIVE SURFACE SUBREFLECTOR

HUGHES NETWORK SYSTEMS, L...

1. A communication terminal for satellite communications, comprising:a main reflector;
a first subreflector having a reflected focus, wherein the first subreflector is a frequency-selective subreflector that is transparent to signals transmitted on a first band of frequencies and reflective to signals transmitted on a second band of frequencies;
a second subreflector having a reflected focus, wherein the second subreflector is reflective to signals transmitted on the first band of frequencies;
a first feed located at a reflected focus of the first subreflector, wherein the first feed receives signals on the second band of frequencies;
a second feed located at a reflected focus of the second subreflector, wherein the second feed receives signals on the first band of frequencies; and
a receiver band selector switch communicatively coupled to outputs of the first feed and the second feed, wherein the receiver band selector switch outputs to a satellite indoor unit and allows switching between the first band of frequencies received by the second feed and the second band of frequencies received by the first feed,
wherein the communication terminal is a ground satellite terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,658,756

EARTH COVERAGE ANTENNA SYSTEM FOR KA-BAND COMMUNICATION

United States of America ...

1. An antenna system comprising:a reflector having a shaped reflector surface that has a central region; and
a microwave energy scattering device attached to the reflector and located in the central region such that the microwave energy scattering device is centrally located on the reflector surface, the microwave energy scattering device being shaped to scatter impinging microwave energy emanating from a microwave energy source so as to reduce the amount of microwave energy that is reflected back to the microwave energy source.

US Pat. No. 10,658,755

PLANAR ANTENNA

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A planar antenna device comprising: a multi-layered dielectric substrate having a plurality of dielectric layers; a radiating element positioned on the multi-layered dielectric substrate; a first conductive plane having one or more slots on or in the multi-layered dielectric substrate; a second conductive plane on or in the multi-layered dielectric substrate, wherein first and second dielectric layers of the plurality of dielectric layers are disposed between the first and second conductive planes, wherein the first dielectric layer is positioned between the first conductive plane and the second dielectric layer, and wherein the second dielectric layer is positioned between the first dielectric layer and the second conductive plane; a first signal line being between the first and second dielectric layers; a first conductive via in the first dielectric layer, the first conductive via being distanced from the first signal line; and a second conductive via in the second dielectric layer, the second conductive via being distanced from the first signal line, the second conductive via being aligned to the first conductive via, the second conductive via being apart from the first conductive via, and the first conductive via and the second conductive via are separated by a distance; a first conductive pattern connected to a first end of the first conductive via, wherein the first end of the first conductive via faces to the first conductive plane; a second conductive pattern connected to a second end of the first conductive via, the first and second ends of the first conductive via are positioned at opposite ends of the first conductive via; and a third conductive pattern connected to a first end of the second conductive via, wherein the first end of the second conductive via faces to the second conductive pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,658,754

ANTENNA ARRAY INCLUDING SUPPRESSOR

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A millimeter-wave antenna system comprising:an array of radiators comprising a first radiator and a second radiator, each of the first radiator and the second radiator being configured to radiate millimeter-wave energy; and
an insulator disposed at least partially between the first radiator and the second radiator and disposed and configured to intercept first near-field energy radiated by the first radiator to inhibit the first near-field energy from being received by the second radiator, and to intercept second near-field energy radiated by the second radiator to inhibit the second near-field energy from being received by the first radiator, the insulator being configured to reflect the first near-field energy away from the first radiator and away from the second radiator and to reflect the second near-field energy away from the first radiator and away from the second radiator.

US Pat. No. 10,658,753

ANTENNA STRUCTURE

WISTRON NEWEB CORPORATION...

1. An antenna structure, comprising:a substrate;
a first radiation element disposed on the substrate, including a first radiation portion, a second radiation portion, and a feeding portion connected between the first radiation portion and the second radiation portion;
a second radiation element disposed on the substrate, including a third radiation portion and a coupling portion connected with the third radiation portion, wherein the second radiation element and the first radiation element are separate from each other, the third radiation portion of the second radiation element and the first radiation portion of the first radiation element are separate from each other, and a gap is formed between the third radiation portion and the first radiation portion;
a coupling element disposed on the substrate, the coupling element being separated from the coupling portion and coupling to the coupling portion;
a grounding element coupled with the coupling element, wherein the grounding element and the second radiation element are separate from each other; and
a feeding element coupled between the feeding portion and the grounding element;
wherein the first radiation portion extends toward a first direction and the second radiation portion extends toward a second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,658,752

ANTENNA APERTURE EXPANSION FLAPS

OSSIA INC., Bellevue, WA...

1. An aperture expansion flap, configured to operate in conjunction with an antenna, the aperture expansion flap fixed in a first position with respect to the antenna, the aperture expansion flap comprising:a plurality of resonators; and
control circuitry configured to tune each resonator of the plurality of resonators to reflect a respective wireless signal incident upon the resonator with a respective adjusted phase, such that a wave incident upon the aperture expansion flap is reflected at a first angle of reflection of a plurality of angles of reflection while maintaining the aperture expansion flap in the first position, wherein the wave includes each of the wireless signals incident upon each respective resonators, and wherein the first angle of reflection is different than an angle at which the wave is incident upon the aperture expansion flap.

US Pat. No. 10,658,751

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PHASE CALIBRATION OF AN ANTENNA ARRAY

1. A system for phase calibration of an antenna array comprising at least two antenna elements, the system comprising:a device under test comprising the antenna array,
a plane wave converter, and
a phase measuring unit,
wherein the device under test is configured to transmit or receive a test signal with spatially dependent phase,
wherein the plane wave converter is configured to convert the test signal with spatially dependent phase into a signal with constant phase, and
wherein the device under test or the phase measuring unit is configured to derive calibration values for the phase calibration of the antenna array from the signal with constant phase.

US Pat. No. 10,658,750

REDUCED GAIN OF AN ANTENNA BEAM PATTERN

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A wireless communication node, comprising:at least one antenna arrangement, each antenna arrangement comprising:
at least one antenna port;
at least two antenna elements arranged for providing a steerable antenna beam pattern; and
a phase control arrangement configured to:
receive at least one input signal via the at least one antenna port;
determine a plurality of intermediate signal components from the at least one input signal by determining a first set of respective phase shifts for the at least one input signal; and
determine a final signal component for each antenna element from the plurality of intermediate signal components by determining a second set of respective phase shifts for the plurality of intermediate signal components,
wherein the second set of phase shifts is arranged to provide a null in the steerable antenna beam pattern in a predetermined direction while a main lobe of the steerable antenna beam pattern is steered in different directions.

US Pat. No. 10,658,749

ELECTRONIC DEVICE SLOT ANTENNAS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a housing having metal housing walls;
a display cover layer;
a display module that is overlapped by the display cover layer and that includes conductive display structures;
an antenna feed for a slot antenna having a first feed terminal coupled to the conductive display structures and a second feed terminal coupled to the metal housing walls;
a conductive interconnect structure coupled to the metal housing walls, wherein the metal housing walls, the conductive display structures, and the conductive interconnect structure define a perimeter of a slot element for the slot antenna;
a first printed circuit coupled to the display module, wherein the first printed circuit comprises a first conductive trace; and
a second printed circuit coupled to the display module, wherein the second printed circuit comprises a second conductive trace, the conductive interconnect structure comprising a first branch coupled to the first conductive trace and a second branch coupled to the second conductive trace.

US Pat. No. 10,658,748

SHIELD HOUSING FOR HF APPLICATIONS

KATHREIN SE, (DE)

1. A shield housing for shielding interconnect structures and/or components disposed on a circuit board, wherein at least two antenna radiators are disposed on the shield housing, wherein the shield housing, is configured in such a manner cover the interconnect structures and/or components disposed on the circuit board, at least in part, to be connected with a ground surface of the circuit board, and wherein the shield housing has a region between the antenna radiators, which is configured in such a manner to provide electrical decoupling of a feed of the antenna radiators from one another wherein the region between the antenna radiators is a region in the center of the shield housing, which region is configured as an opening having folded areas around the opening in the shield housing.

US Pat. No. 10,658,747

ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. An antenna arrangement, comprising:an antenna array comprising
a first antenna element including a first feed point, and
a second antenna element including a second feed point, wherein the first antenna element and the second antenna element have different physical dimensions; and
a signal processing device configured to:
receive an input signal (Sin),
obtain a first complex weight (w1),
obtain a second complex weight (w2), wherein w1 and w2 are based on an electromagnetic scattering between the first antenna element and the second antenna element,
generate a first feed signal (a1) based on Sin and w1,
generate a second feed signal (a2) based on Sin and w2,
provide a1 to the first feed point and provide a2 to the second feed point, wherein a1 and a2 cause control of the frequency characteristic of the antenna array, and
determine the electromagnetic scattering by determining corresponding scattering parameters based upon provided first and second pilot signals and received first and second pilot return signals at the first and second feed points.

US Pat. No. 10,658,746

WIRELESS MODULE AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A wireless module comprising:a substrate;
a ground pattern disposed on the substrate;
a first antenna disposed between one end of the substrate and the ground pattern, the first antenna including a grounding part and a first power feeding part, the grounding part being connected to the ground pattern, the first power feeding part being fed with a first signal;
a second antenna disposed between another end of the substrate and the ground pattern, the second antenna including a second power feeding part fed with a second signal; and
a base plate that is conductive, the base plate including a first opposed portion that faces the first antenna, a second opposed portion that faces the second antenna, and a third opposed portion that faces the ground pattern and is short-circuited to the ground pattern,
wherein the base plate has, on the third opposed portion, a short-circuit point at which the base plate and the ground pattern are short-circuited to each other,
the short-circuit point is disposed at a position nearer to the first opposed portion than to the second opposed portion.

US Pat. No. 10,658,745

IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE WITH MULTI-BAND LOOP ANTENNA

Cochlear Limited, Macqua...

1. An implantable medical device, comprising:a multi-band loop antenna;
implant electronics;
a near-field receiver circuit coupled to the loop antenna and the implant electronics and configured to receive, via the loop antenna, near-field signals from one or more devices positioned external to a body of a recipient and to provide the near-field signals to the implant electronics; and
a far-field receiver circuit coupled to the loop antenna and the implant electronics and configured to receive, via the loop antenna, far-field signals from at least one device positioned external to the body of the recipient and to provide the far-field signals to the implant electronics, and
wherein the far-field receiver circuit is configured to electrically isolate the implant electronics from direct current at the multi-band loop antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,658,744

ANTENNA, SHIELDING AND GROUNDING

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A portable computing device, comprising:a unibody housing formed from a metal material and defining a sidewall and speaker holes extending through the sidewall;
a cover glass coupled to the unibody housing to define an interior cavity;
a display coupled to the cover glass;
a speaker disposed in the interior cavity adjacent to the speaker holes extending through the sidewall, the speaker having an electromagnetic coil and a magnet;
an antenna attached to a lower surface of the cover glass, at least a portion of the antenna positioned over the speaker; and
a metal enclosure at least partially surrounding the speaker and configured to reduce electrical interference between the antenna and the electromagnetic coil, the metal enclosure including a grounding tab that is secured to an inner surface of the unibody housing.

US Pat. No. 10,658,743

ANTENNA ARRAY ASSEMBLY

CAMBIUM NETWORKS LIMITED,...

1. An antenna array assembly, comprising:a ground plate;
a linear array of patch radiator elements disposed in a spaced relationship with a first face of the ground plate;
a first and second conductive plate, each being electrically isolated from the ground plate, and each being disposed in an upstanding relationship to the first face of the ground plate, the first and second conductive plates each being supported by a non-conductive support member attached to the ground plate,
wherein the linear array of patch radiator elements is disposed between third and fourth substantially parallel conductive plates, each being electrically isolated from the ground plate, and each being disposed in an upstanding relationship to the first face of the ground plate and in a substantially parallel relationship with the first and second conductive plates,
wherein the first and second conductive plates are disposed outside the third and fourth conductive plates with respect to the linear array of patch radiator elements, and
wherein the first and second conductive plates are elongate, each having a long side parallel to the ground plate, each having longitudinal axis parallel to a longitudinal axis of the linear array of patch radiator elements, and each having a width between 0.2 and 0.4 wavelengths at an operating frequency of the antenna array assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,658,742

ANTENNA DEVICE

HARADA INDUSTRY CO., LTD....

1. An antenna device comprising:an antenna base including a plurality of first fitting parts, the plurality of first fitting parts being arranged with mutual spaces therebetween in a periphery edge part of the antenna base;
an antenna case fixed to the antenna base;
an antenna part arranged in a space enclosed by the antenna base and the antenna case; and
a cover member including a plurality of a second fitting parts, each of the plurality of the second fitting parts fitting with each of the plurality of the first fitting parts,
the cover memeber being at least partially arranged between the antenna base and the antenna case.

US Pat. No. 10,658,741

RECONFIGURABLE AND FOLDABLE MULTIMODE MIMO ANTENNA

The Florida International...

1. A multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna device, comprising:a foldable substrate configured to be folded, the foldable substrate being a dielectric substrate; and
an antenna element disposed on the foldable substrate,
the foldable substrate having predefined folding lines, hinges, or both, for folding into a predetermined configuration, such that the MIMO antenna device has an unfolded state and a plurality of folded states, and
the antenna element being a looped antenna element such that the antenna element loops back around and connects to itself.

US Pat. No. 10,658,740

ANTENNA UNIT AND WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION MODULE INCLUDING SAME

Amotech Co., Ltd., Inche...

1. An antenna unit comprising:a circuit board; and
a first antenna pattern formed on a surface of the circuit board for wireless power transmission and formed of a single conductor including a plurality of windings; wherein the single conductor has a different line width depending on position,
wherein a line width of an outermost winding of the first antenna pattern formed at an outermost portion of the circuit board is larger than a line width of an innermost winding of the first antenna pattern formed at an innermost portion of the circuit board,
wherein a line width of an intermediate winding of the first antenna pattern between the outermost winding and the innermost winding is gradually decreased as going toward the innermost winding,
wherein at least one of the intermediate windings have a larger line width than that of the outermost winding,
wherein a line width of the first antenna pattern is gradually increased as going from the outermost winding to the intermediate winding, and a line width of the first antenna pattern is gradually decreased as going from the intermediate winding to the innermost winding.

US Pat. No. 10,658,739

WIRELESS PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY WITH INTEGRAL RADIO FREQUENCY WAVEGUIDE

Mellanox Technologies, lt...

1. A printed circuit board assembly for a high-speed, short-reach communication link, the assembly comprising:a printed circuit board comprising a plurality of layers;
a digital electronic component supported by the printed circuit board, wherein the digital electronic component is configured to convert between electrical signals and radio frequency signals, wherein each of at least two of the plurality of layers defines an array of channels, each channel configured to confine radio frequency waves therein; and
a radio frequency antenna disposed in each channel, wherein each radio frequency antenna is in communication with the digital electronic component and with the respective channel, wherein each radio frequency antenna is configured to transmit radio frequency signals generated by the digital electronic component into the respective channel as radio frequency waves or to receive radio frequency waves via the respective channel and convey corresponding radio frequency signals to the digital electronic component.

US Pat. No. 10,658,738

FRAGMENTED APERTURE ANTENNAS

1. A fragmented aperture antenna, comprising:a two-dimensional (2D) lattice comprising non-overlapping rows of conducting elements and non-conducting regions having a common shape and size, the conducting elements and non-conducting regions having a width that is a width of the non-overlapping rows, where the conducting elements and non-conducting regions positioned in adjacent rows of the 2D lattice are offset based upon a fixed skew angle, the offset between adjacent rows being less than a length of the conducting elements and non-conducting regions; and
diagonally adjacent conducting elements in the adjacent rows have adjacent parallel edges that overlap each other and non-parallel edges that extend from the adjacent parallel edges, where the adjacent parallel edges of the diagonally adjacent conducting elements overlap each other along a portion of the adjacent parallel edges of the diagonally adjacent conducting elements without overlapping the non-parallel edges of the diagonally adjacent conducting elements.

US Pat. No. 10,658,737

COMPOSITE ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A composite electronic component comprising:a multilayer stack including a plurality of dielectric layers and a plurality of conductor layers that are stacked in a first direction; and
one or more filters and one or more antennas making up one or more filter-antenna pairs, wherein
each of the one or more filter-antenna pairs is made up of one filter of the one or more filters and one antenna of the one or more antennas, wherein the one filter and the one antenna are electrically connected to each other,
the plurality of conductor layers include a first ground conductor layer and a second ground conductor layer each connected to a ground,
the first ground conductor layer and the second ground conductor layer are located at different positions in the first direction,
the filter lies within a spatial range from the first ground conductor layer to the second ground conductor layer,
the antenna includes a radiation element formed of one of the plurality of conductor layers,
the radiation element is located on a side of the second ground conductor layer opposite from the first ground conductor layer,
when viewed in a direction parallel to the first direction, the radiation element entirely lies inside a perimeter of the second ground conductor layer,
the multilayer stack further includes a plurality of connection conductor sections for connecting the first ground conductor layer and the second ground conductor layer, and
the plurality of connection conductor sections are arranged around the filter such that one or more of the connection conductor sections are situated to each of a front and a rear of the filter in each of a second direction and a third direction, the second direction and the third direction being orthogonal to the first direction and orthogonal to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,658,736

DOMINANT H-FIELD MULTIBAND LOOP ANTENNA INCLUDING PASSIVE MIXER

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An antenna comprising:a plurality of loop antennas sharing a common gap, wherein the gap is between a first end and a second end of each loop antenna of the plurality of loop antennas; and
a nonlinear mixing component positioned within the gap and directly connected to both the first end and the second end of each loop antenna of the plurality of loop antennas, wherein the nonlinear mixing component is configured to collect energy from at least one of the plurality of loop antennas.

US Pat. No. 10,658,735

COMPONENT FOR A DUAL BAND ANTENNA, A DUAL BAND ANTENNA COMPRISING SAID COMPONENT, AND A DUAL BAND ANTENNA SYSTEM

THE ANTENNA COMPANY INTER...

1. Component for a dual band antenna suitable for integration in a router, an access point, or similar device for wireless communication,wherein the outside of the component is of a multi-faced design which is supported by a support body that is designed to be mounted onto a ground plane,
wherein the outside of the component includes the following faces:
a top face which is provided with an electrically conductive flare layer that encloses at least one flare slot;
one or two side faces adjacent to the top face that are provided with an electrically conductive feed strip and an electrically conductive ground strip which strips are both electrically connected to the flare layer, such that each of the feed strip and the ground strip extends over a single side face and forms a direct connection between the flare layer and a feed, respectively between the flare layer and a ground;
a bottom face that is not adjacent to the top face, which is designed to be mounted onto the ground plane;
wherein the ground strip is electrically connectable to the ground plane onto which the component is to be mounted, and
wherein the feed strip is electrically connectable to an appropriate RF chain.

US Pat. No. 10,658,734

ANTENNA DEVICE AND COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A communication device comprising:a display panel;
a cover including a metal surface;
two first slits arranged in the metal surface, the first slits extending to an end portion of the cover;
the end portion of the cover between the two first slits serving as a second slit and not being covered by a conductor;
a wound coil configured to permit flow of an electric current according to a magnetic field from outside, wherein the wound coil is arranged between the display panel and the cover between the two first slits, and the two first slits are arranged apart from each other along a winding axis direction of the wound coil; and
an insulating material filled in at least one of the first slits,
wherein one of the first slits is provided as a chipped inward portion of a side wall of the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,658,733

MOBILE TERMINAL

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A mobile terminal, comprising:a terminal body having a display unit disposed on one surface thereof;
a frame supporting the display unit;
a metal member spaced apart from the frame and exposed to an outside of the mobile terminal;
a plurality of connecting members connecting the metal member to the frame and grounding the metal member; and
an antenna unit disposed adjacent to the frame and including a radiator configured to radiate wireless signals in a first frequency band,
wherein the metal member is divided into specific areas by the plurality of connecting members, and one area located adjacent to the radiator, is configured to generate a parasitic resonance at a second frequency band different from the first frequency band, and
wherein the plurality of connecting members connected to the metal member are spaced apart from one another at different intervals.

US Pat. No. 10,658,732

MOBILE TERMINAL

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A mobile terminal comprising:a display configured to display information;
a metal bracket comprising:
a middle frame located at a rear surface of the display; and
a side frame having a partial portion spaced from the middle frame and configured to form a lateral surface of the mobile terminal;
a main board located at a rear surface of the metal bracket;
a rear case configured to cover the main board and form an external rear surface of the mobile terminal; and
a first conductive pattern formed at an inner surface of the rear case,
wherein the main board comprises:
a first feeding portion coupled with a first point of the side frame;
a second feeding portion coupled with the first conductive pattern; and
a first grounding portion located between the first feeding portion and the second feeding portion and coupled with a second point of the side frame and the first conductive pattern,
wherein the side frame comprises a first end coupled with the middle frame and a second open end, and
wherein the first point of the side frame is closer to the second open end of the side frame than the second point of the side frame.

US Pat. No. 10,658,731

ANTENNA DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE COMPRISING SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing having a plurality of sides;
a first conductive member constructing at least part of the plurality of sides;
a second conductive member disposed inside the housing;
a sensor module configured to detect a first capacitance value related to the first conductive member and a second capacitance value related to the second conductive member; and
at least one processor configured to receive the first capacitance value and the second capacitance value from the sensor module,
wherein the first conductive member comprises a slot to operate as a slot antenna, the slot being constructed along an edge of the first conductive member, and
wherein a plurality of protruding pieces are constructed in the slot, the plurality of protruding pieces protruding from the edge of the first conductive member in a slot direction and including a first protruding piece electrically coupled with a feeding part, a second protruding piece electrically coupled with a ground part and a third protruding piece electrically coupled with the sensor module.

US Pat. No. 10,658,730

MULTI-FEEDS METAL COVER ANTENNA FOR GAS DETECTION DEVICES

Honeywell International I...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a housing including a conductive cover configured to function as an antenna;
a printed circuit board (PCB) mounted in the housing and including a ground plane and at least first and second conductive feeds, wherein each of the at least first and second conductive feeds is attached to and protrudes away from the PCB, and wherein when the cover is attached to the housing, each of the at least first and second conductive feeds electrically contact a respective connection point on the antenna;
a radio modem including a third conductive feed mounted on the PCB; and
a switching network mounted on the PCB and coupled to the third conductive feed of the radio modem and to the at least first and second conductive feeds;
wherein the switching network is configurable such that when the cover is attached to the housing, a selectable one of the first, second, or third conductive feeds is electrically coupled through the switching network to the radio modem.

US Pat. No. 10,658,729

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPTIMAL ANTENNA ALIGNMENT

DISH Technologies L.L.C.,...

1. A method for aligning a satellite antenna, the method comprising:determining, by one or more processors, an expected date and an expected time for an expected conjunction of: the satellite antenna, a satellite that transmits data to a remote terminal, and the sun using positional data;
receiving, by the satellite antenna, a signal that comprises a data transmission from the satellite and interference from the sun;
determining, by the one or more processors, based on the received signal, a date and time during which an interference level is at a peak interference level;
determining, by the one or more processors, an azimuthal alignment for the satellite antenna to be aligned with the satellite based on the time during which the interference level is at the peak interference level and the determined expected time for the expected conjunction; and
causing adjustment of an alignment of the satellite antenna based on the determined azimuthal alignment.

US Pat. No. 10,658,728

ANTENNA ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An antenna assembly for a vehicle, the antenna assembly comprising:a cover into which a lower end portion of an antenna is inserted;
a base coupled to a lower side of the cover to form an internal compartment;
a circuit board mounted on an upper surface of the base to be connected to the lower end portion of the antenna;
a terminal mounted to the base wherein an upper end portion thereof is connected to the circuit board and a lower end portion thereof penetrates into the base;
a wire connector disposed at the lower end portion of the terminal to be connected to a power wire; and
a rotating pin coupling the wire connector with the terminal,
wherein the wire connector is rotatable about the rotating pin, and
wherein as the rotating pin penetrates into the wire connector through a pin penetration hole which is formed at the wire connector and then the rotating pin is disposed in a pin insertion groove which is formed at the lower end portion of the terminal, the rotating pin couples the wire connector and the terminal, and the wire connector and the terminal are in contact with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,658,727

COMBINER/DIVIDER HAVING TAPERED WAVEGUIDES STACKED IN THEIR E-PLANES

Werlatone, Inc., Patters...

1. A combiner/divider comprising:a first plurality of input/output waveguides distributed in a plane and diverging in at least a partially common direction away from a central point, wherein each input/output waveguide extends between an outer node disposed distal of the central point and an inner node proximate to and spaced from the central point, and each of at least a second plurality of the first plurality of the input/output waveguides has a respective dimension in the plane that increases linearly (or nonlinearly) between the inner node and the outer node;
an output/input waveguide having an inner port proximate to the central point and facing the inner nodes of the plurality of input/output waveguides; and
a transition waveguide defining an open cavity between the inner port of the output/input waveguide and the inner nodes of the first plurality of input/output waveguides, wherein the transition waveguide flares outwardly in the plane from the inner port toward the inner nodes and communicatively couples the output/input waveguide with the first plurality of input/output waveguides.

US Pat. No. 10,658,726

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ADJUSTING A PHASE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

1. A device, comprising:a first phase shifter; and
a plurality of waveguides including a first waveguide and a second waveguide, the first waveguide coupled to a first coupler, and the second waveguide coupled to a second coupler, the first and second waveguides being in different azimuthal positions with respect to a transmission medium,
wherein the first waveguide facilitates coupling to the transmission medium, via the first coupler, a first electromagnetic wave having a first phase,
wherein the second waveguide facilitates coupling to the transmission medium, via the second coupler, a second electromagnetic wave having a second phase,
wherein a combined electromagnetic wave, formed from combining at least the first and second electromagnetic waves, propagates along the transmission medium without requiring an electrical return path, and
wherein the combined electromagnetic wave has a wave mode based on the first phase of the first electromagnetic wave and the second phase of the second electromagnetic wave.

US Pat. No. 10,658,725

SPATIAL COUPLER AND ANTENNA FOR SPLITTING AND COMBINING ELECTROMAGNETIC SIGNALS

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. A spatial coupler assembly comprising:an antenna sub-assembly comprising:
a core member comprising a plurality of core fins; and
a shell member disposed around the core member, the shell member comprising a plurality of shell fins corresponding to the plurality of core fins to form a plurality of fin pairs; and
a plurality of amplifiers, wherein each amplifier of the plurality of amplifiers is electromagnetically coupled to a respective fin pair of the plurality of fin pairs.

US Pat. No. 10,658,724

WAVEGUIDE WITH A NON-LINEAR PORTION AND INCLUDING DIELECTRIC RESONATORS DISPOSED WITHIN THE WAVEGUIDE

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

13. A wireless communication system comprising:first and second transceivers; and
a regular array of resonators forming a waveguide extending between and coupled to the first and second transceivers,
wherein the waveguide comprises a non-linear portion.

US Pat. No. 10,658,723

INTEGRATED HIGH PASS FILTER FOR MICROWAVE SYSTEM IN PACKAGE

United States of America ...

1. A high pass filter comprising:an input-impedance-matching taper transition metal layer having an IMT input end and an IMT output end, said IMT input end having an IMT input end width, said IMT output end having an IMT output end width that is wider than said IMT input end width;
a substrate integrated waveguide having a SIW input end and a SIW output end, wherein said substrate integrated waveguide comprises a substrate, a conductive surface, an input electric wall, an output electric wall, a first plurality of conductive vias and a second plurality of conductive vias,
an output-impedance-matching taper transition metal layer having an OMT input end and an OMT output end, said OMT input end having an OMT input end width, said OMT output end having an OMT output end width that is wider than said OMT input end width; and
wherein said substrate integrated waveguide is arranged such that said IMT output end is electrically connected to said SIW input end and such that said OMT input end is electrically connected to said SIW output end.

US Pat. No. 10,658,722

IN-LINE FILTER HAVING MUTUALLY COMPENSATING INDUCTIVE AND CAPACITIVE COUPLING

CommScope Italy S.r.l., ...

1. An in-line resonator filter comprising a linear array of three or more conductors, the linear array comprising:a first pair of adjacent conductors having inductive main coupling and oppositely signed capacitive main coupling;
a second pair of non-adjacent conductors having inductive cross-coupling;
wherein:
the first and second pairs have one conductor in common;
between the second pair of non-adjacent conductors, there is no direct ohmic connection that provides the corresponding inductive cross-coupling; and
at least a portion of the oppositely signed capacitive main coupling compensates for at least a portion of the inductive main coupling between the first pair of adjacent conductors,
wherein each conductor comprises:
a high-impedance base that is shorted to a bottom ground plane of the in-line resonator filter; and
a low-impedance distal end that does not contact a top ground plane of the in-line resonator filter.

US Pat. No. 10,658,721

CERAMIC FILTERS USING STEPPED IMPEDANCE RESONATORS HAVING AN INNER CAVITY WITH AT LEAST ONE STEP AND AT LEAST ONE TAPER

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

1. A ceramic radiofrequency filter comprising:at least one ceramic coaxial stepped impedance resonator, the at least one ceramic coaxial stepped impedance resonator having two ends, at least one of the two ends being metallized, a length extending between the two ends, an outer diameter that is generally constant along the length, and a cavity extending along at least a portion of the length and defining an inner diameter and having first and second ends with different diameters through at least one taper and at least one stair step.

US Pat. No. 10,658,720

MULTILAYER ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A multilayer electronic component comprising:a multilayer stack; and
a band elimination filter formed using the multilayer stack, wherein
the multilayer stack includes a plurality of dielectric layers and a plurality of conductor layers stacked together,
the band elimination filter includes:
a first input/output end;
a second input/output end;
a connection path connecting the first input/output end and the second input/output end; and
a first resonator coupled to the connection path,
the connection path includes an impedance transformer,
the first resonator includes a first conductor line constituting a first distributed constant line,
the impedance transformer includes a second conductor line constituting a second distributed constant line, and a through hole line section connected in series to the second conductor line,
each of the first and second conductor lines is formed of at least one of the plurality of conductor layers,
the through hole line section includes at least one through hole provided in the multilayer stack, and
the multilayer electronic component further comprises a band pass filter formed using the multilayer stack and electrically connected to the band elimination filter.

US Pat. No. 10,658,719

PHASE SHIFTER AND ANTENNA

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A phase shifter, comprising:a cavity;
a fixed component;
a sliding component;
a control rod configured to control sliding of the sliding component; and
a dielectric portion in the cavity, the dielectric portion comprising a first dielectric portion and a second dielectric portion;
wherein a first strip group is disposed in the fixed component, wherein the first strip group comprises two strips;
wherein the sliding component is located above the fixed component,
wherein a second strip group is disposed in the sliding component, wherein the second strip group comprises two strips, wherein the two strips of the second strip group are electrically coupled to the two strips of the first strip group respectively, and wherein the second strip group is in a U shape; and
wherein each strip of the second strip group comprises a first strip portion and a second strip portion, wherein each second strip portion of the strips of the second strip group is electrically connected, by a third strip portion, to each other second strip portion, and wherein each second strip portion is disposed between the third strip portion and the first strip portion of the respective strip of the second strip group, wherein a width of the first strip portion is greater than a width of the second strip portion, wherein the dielectric portion is disposed around the second strip portion, and wherein a difference between an impedance formed by the dielectric portion and the second strip portion and an impedance of the first strip portion is within a first range; and
wherein the first dielectric portion is located above the sliding component and is within a moving range of the second strip portions, and wherein the second dielectric portion is located below the sliding component and is within the moving range of the second strip portions.

US Pat. No. 10,658,718

METHODS, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS FOR PROVIDING POWER TO A LINEAR AMPLIFIER

1. A system, comprising:a redox battery system, wherein the redox battery system comprises a three dimensional array of a plurality of nano-batteries;
a hydrogen power system, wherein the hydrogen power system comprises a nano-array of hydrogen paper, a heat source and a water source, wherein the hydrogen paper is configured to attract hydrogen from the water source;
a solar power system, wherein the solar power system comprises an array of a plurality of nano-solar cells;
an ionic diode power system, wherein the ionic diode power system comprises two electrodes separated by a polycarbonate membrane, two borophene electric charge capture devices, and a capacitor stack;
a power supply controller comprising a processing system including a processor, and a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processing system, facilitate performance of operations, the operations comprising:
providing power to a linear amplifier using the redox battery system; and
causing recharging of the redox battery system utilizing at least one of the hydrogen power system, the solar power system, or the ionic diode power system to provide charge to the redox battery system.

US Pat. No. 10,658,717

BATTERY MODULE ACTIVE THERMAL MANAGEMENT FEATURES AND POSITIONING

CPS Technology Holdings L...

1. A battery system, comprising:a battery module;
a housing of the battery module, wherein the housing comprises a top side, a lateral side, and an edge extending along and between the top side and the lateral side;
a plurality of electrochemical cells disposed in the housing;
a heat sink disposed on the lateral side of the housing;
a fan disposed over the top side of the housing; and
a hood comprising a first hood portion disposed over the top side of the housing and the fan and a second hood portion coupled to the first hood portion and disposed over the lateral side of the housing, wherein the hood defines an airspace between the hood and the housing and the hood is configured to guide an airflow through the airspace from the fan on the top side of the housing, over the edge between the top side and the lateral side of the housing, and over the heat sink disposed on the lateral side of the housing;
wherein the heat sink comprises two thermally conductive plates in-molded with the lateral side of the housing and the two thermally conductive plates are separated by a central portion of the lateral side of the housing, and wherein the second portion of the hood comprises a central ridge disposed proximate to the central portion of the lateral side of the housing and the central ridge is configured to guide the airflow away from the central portion of the lateral side of the housing to the two thermally conductive plates on either side of the central portion.

US Pat. No. 10,658,716

BATTERY MODULE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module comprising:a cell assembly comprising a plurality of secondary cells stacked in at least one direction;
a cooling plate having a plate shape and placed below the cell assembly to receive the cell assembly thereon;
a front cover covering a front end portion of the cell assembly and comprising a lower portion welded to the cooling plate;
a rear cover covering a rear end portion of the cell assembly and comprising a lower portion welded to the cooling plate;
a left side cover covering a left side of the cell assembly, the left side cover comprising a lower end portion welded to the cooling plate, a front end portion welded to the front cover, and a rear end portion welded to the rear cover;
a right side cover covering a right side of the cell assembly, the right side cover comprising a lower end portion welded to the cooling plate, a front end portion welded to the front cover, and a rear end portion welded to the rear cover; and
an upper plate covering an upper portion of the cell assembly, the upper plate comprising a left end portion welded to the left side cover and a right end portion welded to the right side cover,
wherein at least one of the front cover and the rear cover comprises a stepped portion such that an end portion of at least one of the left side cover and the right side cover is guided and placed on the stepped portion by an outside-to-inside insertion motion, and
wherein the stepped portion is one having an inwardly recessed shape that is exposed on an outer surface of the at least one of the front cover and the rear cover,
wherein the cooling plate has a concave-convex structure on an upper surface thereof including concave portions and convex portions having inclined surfaces,
wherein the concave portions have inclined surfaces corresponding to a folded shape of sealing portions of the plurality of secondary cells, and
wherein the convex portions have inclined surfaces that are not parallel to a ground at top portions thereof and have a slope corresponding to accommodation parts of the plurality of secondary cells.

US Pat. No. 10,658,715

BATTERY MODULE HEAT MANAGEMENT ASSEMBLY

CONTEMPORARY AMPEREX TECH...

1. A battery module heat management assembly, wherein the battery module heat management assembly comprises:a cooling mechanism comprising:
a plurality of multi-channel pipe groups arranged side by side, each multi-channel pipe group has at least one multi-channel pipe, the number of the multi-channel pipe groups is equal to the number of rows of battery modules, each multi-channel pipe group corresponds to one row of the rows of battery modules, each of the rows of battery modules has at least one battery module, each multi-channel pipe group contacts a bottom of one corresponding row of the rows of battery modules from below;
a first fluid collector and a second fluid collector communicated with an external cooling fluid circuit and respectively provided at two ends of the plurality of multi-channel pipe groups, two ends of each multi-channel pipe of the plurality of multi-channel pipe groups are respectively communicated with the first fluid collector and the second fluid collector, so that the external cooling fluid circuit, the plurality of multi-channel pipe groups, the first fluid collector and the second fluid collector are communicated to cool all the rows of battery modules;
heating films, wherein each heating film is provided below one corresponding multi-channel pipe group for heating the one corresponding multi-channel pipe group;
heat insulating layers, wherein each heat insulating layer is provided below one corresponding heating film; and
supporting structures, wherein each supporting structure is provided below one corresponding heat insulating layer, wherein the supporting structure is made of elastic material and each supporting structure has bending leg portions.

US Pat. No. 10,658,714

THERMAL EVENT DETECTION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Proterra Inc., Burlingam...

1. A method of controlling the battery system of an electric vehicle, the battery system including a plurality of battery packs, each battery pack including (a) a pressure sensor and (b) multiple battery cells electrically coupled together, comprising:detecting a thermal event in a first battery pack of the plurality of battery packs based at least on a signal from the pressure sensor of the first battery pack; and
cooling the first battery back more than a second battery pack of the plurality of battery packs by redirecting flow of a coolant from the second battery pack to the first battery pack in response to the detected thermal event.

US Pat. No. 10,658,713

COOLING DEVICE FOR STORED ENERGY SOURCES

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A cooling apparatus for energy stores of an electric or hybrid vehicle, comprising:a plurality of separate cooling modules for absorbing heat from the energy stores, through which cooling modules refrigerant is flowable, and which cooling modules have in each case one inlet, one outlet, and a plurality of flat tubes;
a common feed line, from which the respective inlets of the cooling modules branch;
a common discharge line, into which the respective outlets of the cooling modules open, the cooling modules arranged on both sides of the common feed line and the common discharge line; and
expansion members that are arranged in the respective inlets and upstream of the plurality of flat tubes, each of the expansion members having a line system with a single inlet and a branch, which adjoins downstream into multiple inlets leading in each case to one of the cooling modules;
wherein the cooling module inlets and outlets are arranged on respective sides of the cooling modules and the respective sides face towards the common feed line.

US Pat. No. 10,658,712

BATTERY MODULE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery module, comprising:a plurality of battery cells; and
at least one cell barrier that includes:
a base part between adjacent battery cells of the plurality of battery cells, and
at least one flange, the flange extending perpendicularly and in opposite directions from a lateral side of the base part and overlapping lateral sides of the adjacent battery cells,
wherein:
the flange includes a flange portion and an edge portion extending from the flange portion,
the flange portion and the base part include a same first material,
the edge portion includes a second material, the second material being different from the first material,
the edge portions have a tapered shape such that a thickness of each of the edge portions continuously decreases, and
ends of the tapered edge portions are tapered toward sides of the adjacent battery cells.

US Pat. No. 10,658,711

TEMPERATURE SENSOR, BATTERY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FITTING A BATTERY SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery system (1) for storing electrical energy and for supplying an electric motor of a motor vehicle with electrical energy, the battery system (1) comprising a battery unit (2) having at least one battery cell (3) and a temperature sensor (5) for measuring a temperature of the at least one battery cell (3), said temperature sensor (5) comprising a sensor head (6) and connection wires (7) that are electrically connected to the sensor head (6), wherein at least one of the connection wires (7) is configured at least in part as a spring element (8) or forms at least one part of a spring element (8), wherein the spring element (8) is configured in the shape of a helical spring or in a twisted manner, and wherein the sensor head (6) is pressed by the spring element (8) against a measuring site (9) of the at least one battery cell (3).

US Pat. No. 10,658,710

SECONDARY BATTERY STRUCTURE AND SYSTEM, AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING AND OPERATING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A single battery structure comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of first electrode elements disposed on the substrate and spaced apart from each other;
a second electrode element disposed on the substrate and spaced apart from the plurality of first electrode elements when viewed from a plan view in a thickness direction of the substrate;
a plurality of first electrode terminals connected to the plurality of first electrode elements, respectively; and
a second electrode terminal connected to the second electrode element,
wherein one of the first electrode terminals and the second electrode terminal is a cathode terminal, and the other of the first electrode terminals and the second electrode terminal is an anode terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,658,709

BATTERY PACK

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery pack, comprising:battery cells, each battery cell including electrode tabs, opposing battery cells having electrode tabs facing each other;
a protective circuit module between opposing battery cells and connected to the electrode tabs of the battery cells, a first surface of the protective circuit module including wirings patterns connected to the electrode tabs;
a frame accommodating the battery cells and the protective circuit module; and
a protective tape including a first surface adhered to the first surface of the protective circuit module and the electrode tabs, the first surface of the protective tape including a plurality of grooves corresponding to the electrode tabs, wherein the electrode tabs are inserted in the grooves of the protective tape.

US Pat. No. 10,658,708

BATTERY CELL COMPRISING PROTECTION CIRCUIT MODULE ASSEMBLY HAVING LEAD PLATE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A plate-shaped battery cell in which an electrode lead is located at one side end portion of a battery case including an excess sealing portion of a thermally-welded or adhesive structure for sealing an electrode assembly, the battery cell comprising:a Protection Circuit Module (PCM) assembly having one or more safety elements for preventing overcurrent,
wherein the PCM assembly comprises a Protection Circuit Module (PCM) and a conductive lead plate for electrically connecting the electrode lead,
wherein the conductive lead plate comprises:
an electrode lead connection portion positioned at one side end portion of the conductive lead plate for electrically connecting the PCM and the electrode lead;
a PCM connection portion located at the other side end portion of the conductive lead plate for connecting to a connection portion of a printed circuit board on which a protection circuit is formed; and
a bent portion extending from the electrode lead connection portion to be bent to face the outer surface of the battery case in order to prevent damage to the battery case occurring during a process of connecting the electrode lead to the electrode lead connecting portion,
wherein the electrode lead connection portion, the PCM connection portion, and the bent portion of the conductive lead plate are all conductive, and
wherein the flat thickness of the bent portion is relatively thinner than the thickness of the electrode lead.

US Pat. No. 10,658,707

DETECTION SYSTEM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A detection system comprising:a power generation element;
a first outer cover body enveloping the power generation element;
a second outer cover body located between the power generation element and the first outer cover body, and enveloping the power generation element;
a first space section enclosed by the first outer cover body and the second outer cover body;
a second space section enclosed by the second outer cover body; and
a detection unit that detects a gas in the first space section and a gas in the second space section.

US Pat. No. 10,658,706

AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION FOR POWER STORAGE DEVICE AND POWER STORAGE DEVICE INCLUDING SAID AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION

THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO, ...

1. An electrolytic solution for a power storage device, the electrolytic solution containing water as a solvent, whereinan amount of the solvent is greater than 4 mol and not greater than 15 mol with respect to 1 mol of an alkali metal salt, and
an anion forming the alkali metal salt is an organic anion having a fluoroalkyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,658,705

THIN-FILM SOLID-STATE ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

Space Charge, LLC, Aspen...

1. A Faradaic solid-state energy storage device comprising:a first electrode,
wherein the first electrode has a first thickness, wherein the first thickness is greater than 1 nm and less than or equal to 80 nm, and
wherein the first electrode comprises a first metal containing composition;
a solid electrolyte positioned in direct contact with the first electrode,
wherein the solid electrolyte has a second thickness, wherein the second thickness is greater than 1 nm and less than or equal to 500 nm,
wherein the solid electrolyte has an amorphous structure, and
wherein the solid electrolyte comprises a solid-state material that selectively conducts ions at least at temperatures of between about 0° C. and about 100° C.; and
a second electrode positioned in direct contact with the solid electrolyte,
wherein the second electrode has a third thickness, wherein the third thickness is greater than 1 nm and less than or equal to 80 nm, and
wherein the second electrode comprises a second metal containing composition.

US Pat. No. 10,658,704

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE LAMINATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ALL-SOLID-STATE BATTERY

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A method of manufacturing an all-solid-state battery, the method comprising:an active material layer forming step of forming a positive electrode active material layer and a negative electrode active material layer on a positive electrode current collector layer and a negative electrode current collector layer, respectively, the active material layer forming step including a pressing step;
a solid electrolyte layer forming step of forming a solid electrolyte layer on at least one of the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer by applying a solid electrolyte layer-forming slurry to the at least one of the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer and drying the solid electrolyte layer-forming slurry; and
a joining step of laminating the positive electrode current collector layer, the positive electrode active material layer, the solid electrolyte layer, the negative electrode active material layer, and the negative electrode current collector layer in this order and joining the positive electrode current collector layer, the positive electrode active material layer, the solid electrolyte layer, the negative electrode active material layer, and the negative electrode current collector layer to each other such that the solid electrolyte layer is interposed between the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer, wherein
the positive electrode active material layer includes an amorphous sulfide solid electrolyte as a solid electrolyte;
a thickness of the solid electrolyte layer is from 5 um to 20 um; and
a surface roughness Ra value of a surface of the negative electrode active material layer is from 0.29 um to 0.98 um and a surface roughness Ra value of a surface of the positive electrode active material layer is from 0.29 um to 0.57 um when calculated using a laser microscope under the following measurement conditions <1> and <2>:
<1> standards defined in ISO 4288:1996; and
<2> an evaluation length of 0.8 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,658,702

HIGH-PERFORMANCE THIN-FILM BATTERY WITH AN INTERFACIAL LAYER

International Business Ma...

1. A solid-state lithium-based battery comprising:a continuous anode-side electrode comprising a first horizontal anode-side electrode finger portion, a vertical anode-side electrode portion and a second horizontal anode-side electrode finger portion, wherein the first and second horizontal anode-side electrode finger portions are spaced apart by a gap and wherein the first horizontal anode-side electrode finger portion contacts a bottom portion of a first sidewall of the vertical anode-side electrode portion, and the second horizontal anode-side electrode finger portion contacts a top portion of the first sidewall of the vertical anode-side electrode portion;
a continuous aluminum oxide interfacial layer located on the sidewalls and topmost surface of first horizontal anode-side electrode finger portion, on the first sidewall of the vertical anode-side electrode portion, and on a bottommost surface, a sidewall surface and a topmost surface of the second horizontal anode-side electrode finger portion;
a lithium-based solid-state electrolyte layer located on the continuous aluminum oxide interfacial layer;
a lithiated cathode material layer located on the lithium-based solid-state electrolyte; and
a cathode-side electrode located on the lithiated cathode material, wherein the cathode-side electrode comprises a first horizontal cathode-side electrode finger portion, a vertical cathode-side electrode portion and a second horizontal cathode electrode finger portion, the first horizontal cathode-side electrode finger portion contacts a middle portion of a first sidewall of the vertical cathode-side electrode portion, and the second horizontal cathode-side electrode finger portion contacts a top portion of the first sidewall of the vertical cathode-side electrode portion, and wherein the first horizontal cathode-side electrode finger portion, and a portion of each of the aluminum oxide interfacial layer, the lithium-based solid-state electrolyte and the lithiated cathode material layer are present in the gap, and the second horizontal cathode-side electrode finger portion is located above the second horizontal anode-side electrode finger portion.

US Pat. No. 10,658,701

STORAGE BATTERY, BATTERY CONTROL UNIT, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A storage battery comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode; and
an electrolytic solution,
wherein the negative electrode includes an active material region and a region between a surface of the active material region and the electrolytic solution,
wherein each of the active material region and the region includes a first element and carbon,
wherein the first element is selected from the group consisting of silicon, tin, gallium, aluminum, germanium, lead, antimony, bismuth, silver, zinc, cadmium, and indium,
wherein a thickness of the region is larger than or equal to 10 nm and smaller than or equal to 1000 nm,
wherein the electrolytic solution includes a first cation, a second cation, and an anion,
wherein the first cation is selected from the group consisting of a lithium ion, a sodium ion, a calcium ion, and a magnesium ion,
wherein the second cation is an imidazolium cation or a tertiary sulfonium cation, and
wherein the anion is selected from the group consisting of monovalent anions represented by (CnF2n+1SO2)2N?(n=0 to 3), a monovalent cyclic amide-based anion represented by (CF2SO2)2N?, monovalent methide-based anions represented by (CnF2n+1SO2)3C?(n=0 to 3), a monovalent cyclic methide-based anion represented by CF2SO2)2C?, a fluorosulfonate anion represented by SO3F?, fluoroalkyl sulfonic acid anions represented by (CmF2m+1SO3)?(m =0 to 4, a tetrafluoroborate anion represented by BF4?, fluoroalkylborate anions represented by {BFn(CmHkF2m+1?k)4?n}?(n=0 to 3,m=1 to 4, and k=0 to 2m), a hexafluorophosphate anion represented by PF6?, and fluoroalkylphosphate anions represented by {PFn(CmHkF2m+1?k)6?n}?(n=0 to 5,m=1 to 4, and k=0 to 2m).

US Pat. No. 10,658,700

ADDITIVE FOR ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS

Nisshinbo Holdings Inc., ...

1. An additive for electrolyte solutions, comprising a compound constituted by a silicon-containing sulfonate anion represented by formula (1) and a monovalent cation:
wherein Rs each independently represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and n represents an integer of 2 to 6, and
wherein the monovalent cation is selected from the group consisting of an alkali metal ion, and an imidazolium ion.

US Pat. No. 10,658,699

ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY EMPLOYING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electrolyte for a lithium secondary battery, the electrolyte comprising:a lithium salt;
an organic solvent, and
an organic fluorinated ether compound comprising at least one compound selected from compounds represented by Formulae 1, 3, and 4:
CH3—CH2—O—CF2—CHF—R1  Formula 1
wherein in Formula 1, R1 is a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, or a C3-C10 fluorinated cycloalkyl group
CH3—CH2—O—CF2—CHF—CH2—CF3  Formula 3
CH3—CH2—O—CF2—CHF—CHF—CF3  Formula 4.

US Pat. No. 10,658,695

BATTERY HAVING A PRISMATIC METAL HOUSING

VARTA Microbattery GmbH, ...

1. A battery comprising:a prismatic metal housing having a housing inner side and a housing outer side,
at least one individual cell having at least one positive and at least one negative electrode arranged inside the metal housing, and
a pole stud electrically connected to the at least one positive or the at least one negative electrode and electrically insulated from the metal housing and to which an electrical load arranged outside the housing can be connected,
wherein
the metal housing comprises a rectangular base having a base inner side and a base outer side, a rectangular cover having a cover inner side and a cover outer side, the size and shape of which substantially correspond to that of the base, and four rectangular side elements connecting the base and the cover and each have an inner side and an outer side,
the cover has a through-hole through which the pole stud which is electrically insulated from the metal housing is guided outward from the inside of the metal housing,
the at least one individual cell is a winding having a first and a second end face and the first end face faces in the direction of the base and the second end face faces in the direction of the cover,
conductor vanes electrically connected to the base of the metal housing exit from the first end face,
conductor vanes electrically connected to the pole stud, which is electrically insulated from the metal housing, exit from the second end face,
the conductor vanes exiting from the second end face are fixed to the pole stud such that one of the at least one positive electrode and the at least one negative electrode arranged inside the metal housing is electrically connected to the pole stud,
the conductor vanes exiting from the first end face are fixed to an electrically conductive collecting and positioning means, and
the base has a through-hole as a receiving means for the collecting and positioning means, in which the latter is inserted and fixed such that 1) the collecting and positioning means is accessible from outside the metal housing, and 2) one of the at least one positive electrode and the at least one negative electrode arranged inside the metal housing is electrically connected to the metal housing.

US Pat. No. 10,658,694

POLAR PLATE FOR A FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL STACK

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A polar plate for a fuel cell, comprising:at least one single plate having a first main side and a second main side opposite to the first main side, wherein the single plate has, on the first main side:
a plurality of elevations and a plurality of free spaces, wherein the plurality of elevations and the plurality of free spaces form a flow structure for an operating medium of the fuel cell; and
a plurality of spring projections arranged on the plurality of elevations and formed to yield in case of a force effect taking place orthogonally to the first main side,
wherein the plurality of spring projections are part of the single plate, and
wherein the plurality of spring projections project from edge regions of the plurality of elevations and at least partially cover the plurality of free spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,658,693

FLOW BATTERY

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A flow battery comprising:a first liquid containing a first electrode mediator dissolved therein;
a first electrode immersed in the first liquid;
a first active material immersed in the first liquid; and
a first circulation mechanism that circulates the first liquid between the first electrode and the first active material,
wherein the first electrode mediator includes a carbazole derivative, and
the carbazole derivative has a substituent at positions 3, 6, and 9 of a carbazole skeleton thereof,
wherein the carbazole derivative is represented by the following general formula (1):

wherein X1 and X2 independently denote at least one selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, an ether group, a cyano group, a nitro group, —NA2 (A denotes a hydrocarbon group), chain saturated hydrocarbons, chain unsaturated hydrocarbons, cyclic saturated hydrocarbons, and cyclic unsaturated hydrocarbons, and
R denotes at least one selected from the group consisting of chain saturated hydrocarbons, chain unsaturated hydrocarbons, cyclic saturated hydrocarbons, cyclic unsaturated hydrocarbons, an ether group, a cyano group, a nitro group, and combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,658,692

BIOLOGICAL BATTERY AND BIOLOGICAL CATHODE

1. A biological battery system, comprising:a reaction vessel, configured to retain therein an aqueous medium containing a microorganism culture;
a biological cathode electrode, disposed in the reaction vessel, having no metallic catalyst, and including:
a conductive support layer including a composition selected from the group consisting of carbon, a polymer, and combinations thereof;
a contact layer disposed on the conductive support layer and including carbon particles, the carbon particles having a size ranging between 0.1 nm and 500 nm, the contact layer being configured to be in electrical contact with the aqueous medium when the aqueous medium is retained in the reaction vessel; and
a polymeric binding layer disposed between the conductive support layer and the contact layer, the polymeric binding layer configured to cause adhesion of the contact layer to the conductive support layer while still preserving conductivity between the contact layer and the conductive support layer; and
a conductive anode disposed in the reaction vessel,
wherein when in operation the reaction vessel is open to an ambient air such that air is supplied to the microorganism culture and wherein the microorganism culture accepts electrons from the cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,658,691

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING INORGANIC ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE HAVING IMPROVED COMPACTNESS, COMPOSITION FOR MANUFACTURING INORGANIC ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE, AND INORGANIC ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE MANUFACTURED USING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method of manufacturing an inorganic electrolyte membrane, comprising:(a) mixing primary inorganic particles (<50 nm), a cationic dispersant, and a solvent and dispersing the primary inorganic particles, thus preparing a dispersion of secondary inorganic particles having a hydrodynamic diameter of 120 to 230 nm, determined using DLS (Dynamic Light Scattering);
(b) adding and mixing the dispersion of secondary inorganic particles with a binder;
(c) applying a mixed solution comprising the dispersion of secondary inorganic particles and the binder and drying the mixed solution, thus forming a green sheet; and
(d) firing the green sheet, thus forming an electrolyte membrane,
wherein the primary inorganic particles are GDC (Gadolinium-Doped Ceria),
wherein the binder is an acrylate-based binder, and
wherein the cationic dispersant is contained in an amount of 10 to 20 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the primary inorganic particles in terms of SOP (Solids On Pigment).

US Pat. No. 10,658,690

PHYTIC ACID BASED METALLOGEL AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

1. A fuel cell including a membrane electrode assembly (MEA), wherein said fuel cell comprises a metallogel containing electrolyte of a Ferric nitrate-phytic acid complex, wherein the proton conductivity of the metallogel is the range of 8.6×10?3 S·cm?1 to 2.4×10?2 S·cm?1 at 120° C.

US Pat. No. 10,658,689

AUTHENTICATION OF REPLACEABLE FUEL CARTRIDGE

INTELLIGENT ENERGY LIMITE...

1. A method of authenticating a hydrogen fuel canister, the method comprising:providing a frangible tape bearing a first unique identifier (UIE) suitable for scanning;
providing a shaped hydrogen fuel canister storing pressurized gas, wherein a dispensing end of the shaped hydrogen fuel canister is configured to be placed in a carriage having a fluid communication means, wherein the shaped hydrogen fuel canister has a hollow body with shaped portions, wherein the shaped portions are configured to mate with a surface of the carriage by connecting said dispensing end with said fluid communication means, and wherein the shaped hydrogen fuel canister includes a second UIE suitable for scanning, wherein the frangible tape is affixed to the shaped hydrogen fuel canister;
providing a frangible cap, wherein the frangible cap is secured over the dispensing end of the fuel canister, whereby said frangible cap can only be removed via breaking it;
scanning said first UIE and said second UIE to a tablet or smart phone machine including a processor;
determining, using the machine including the processor, that said first UIE and said second UIE are authentic at least in part by comparing the first UIE in combination with the second UIE to an electronic database of authentic UIEs;
communicating to a controller with processor and logic in an electronics module via an attached electronic device that optimizes parameters of a system performing at least a portion of the method and verifies that the first UIE and the second UIE match an entry in the electronic database of authentic UIEs; and
opening, using the controller and based on the match, a valve operatively coupled with the carriage, wherein the valve when open provides fluid communication with the shaped hydrogen fuel canister.

US Pat. No. 10,658,688

HUMIDIFIER AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A humidifier comprising:moisture permeable members each having a tubular shape;
a case housing the moisture permeable members;
a first flow path portion in which one of cathode gas to be supplied to a fuel cell and cathode off-gas discharged from the fuel cell flows inside the moisture permeable members;
a second flow path portion in which the other of the cathode gas and the cathode off-gas flows outside the moisture permeable members within the case; and
a temperature sensitive member attached to at least one of the moisture permeable members, deformable in response to temperature, and deforming so as to decrease a gap between the moisture permeable members as the temperature decreases,
wherein the temperature sensitive member includes at least one of a bimetal and a shape memory alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,658,687

AIR SHUT-OFF VALVE APPARATUS FOR FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An air shut-off valve apparatus for a fuel cell system, comprising:a valve body having an inlet air path connected to a cathode of a fuel cell stack and through which air injected into the fuel cell stack flows, and an outlet air path through which air discharged from the fuel cell stack flows;
a bypass body having a bypass air path that connects the inlet air path and the outlet air path;
a plurality of valve flaps disposed at the valve body and configured to open and close the inlet air path and the outlet air path at a first side thereof, and to open and close the bypass air path at a second side thereof,
a valve motor disposed at the valve body; and
a valve shaft rotatably disposed at the valve body to be operated in conjunction with operation of the valve motor, with the valve flap fixedly coupled with valve shaft,
wherein the plurality of valve flaps are provided to open and close the inlet air path and the outlet air path at the first sides thereof, and open and close the bypass air path at the second sides thereof, wherein each of the valve flaps includes:
a valve plate coupled with the valve shaft; and
a plate cover made of a rubber material and covering the valve plate,
wherein each plate cover that corresponds to the first side of each of the valve flaps is integrally provided with a second sealing protrusion that contacts the partition wall of the bypass body and surrounds the inlet air path and the outlet air path,
wherein the valve body includes:
a main body that forms an external shape of the valve body, with the valve flap disposed at the main body; and
a sub-body that contacts the valve flap when the valve flap is in a closing operation, and being coupled with the fuel cell stack, and the bypass body is coupled with the main body.

US Pat. No. 10,658,686

FREEZE TOLERANT FUEL CELL FUEL PRESSURE REGULATOR

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fuel pressure regulator unit for a fuel cell comprising:a housing providing a fuel inlet passage, a regulated fuel outlet passage, a sense pressure passage, a recycle passage, and a mixed fuel passage;
a pressure regulator provided in the housing and arranged fluidly between the fuel inlet passage and the regulated fuel outlet passage, the sense pressure passage fluidly interconnecting the mixed fuel passage and the pressure regulator, and the pressure regulator configured to regulate the flow of fuel from the fuel inlet passage to the regulated fuel passage in response to a pressure from the sense pressure passage;
an ejector arranged within the housing fluidly between the regulated fuel outlet passage and the mixed fuel passage, the ejector configured to receive recycled fuel from the recycle passage; and
a generally vertical recycle line having a first end and a second end opposite the first end, the recycle line having no 90 degree bends between the first end and the second end, the recycle line having a first recycle fitting at the first end and a second recycle fitting at the second end, wherein the first recycle fitting is connected to the housing at the recycle passage at an angle of about 45 degrees, and a passage within the second recycle fitting is connected to a manifold of the fuel cell at an angle of 45 degrees above horizontal, and
wherein the housing includes an installed orientation in which the sense pressure passage is arranged at an oblique angle to vertical and the ejector is arranged vertically.

US Pat. No. 10,658,685

INTEGRATED HEAT PUMP AND FUEL CELL POWER PLANT

DOOSAN FUEL CELL AMERICA,...

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of fuel cell stack assemblies each including a plurality of fuel cells that are configured to generate electricity based on an electrochemical reaction, each of the fuel cell stack assemblies including an exhaust;
a heat pump including an evaporator, a condenser, a compressor and an expansion valve; and
a coolant loop that is external to the plurality of fuel cells of each of the fuel cell stack assemblies, the coolant loop having first portions respectively associated with the exhaust of each of the fuel cell stack assemblies such that heat from the exhaust of each of the fuel cell stack assemblies increases a temperature of coolant fluid in the first portions, the coolant loop having a second portion downstream of the first portions, each of the first portions delivering coolant fluid into the second portion, the second portion being associated with the evaporator such that heat from the coolant fluid in the second portion increases a temperature of the evaporator.

US Pat. No. 10,658,684

SANBORNITE-BASED GLASS-CERAMIC SEAL FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS

1. A method of forming a seal, comprising:placing a seal material in contact with at least a portion of an ionic transport device,
wherein the seal material has a glass transition temperature and a glass crystallization onset temperature;
applying a first heat to the seal material;
applying a second heat to the seal material such that a crystallized phase is formed;
applying a third heat after the second heat; and
forming the seal comprising a barium silicate phase comprising a first formulation, a sanbornite phase comprising a second formulation, wherein the first formulation is different than the second formulation and a content of a residual glass phase of not greater than 5.9 vol %, wherein the seal has a coefficient of thermal expansion in a range of 11.7 to 12.8 ppm/° C.,
wherein the ionic transport device comprises a first component comprising a ceramic material, and the seal is bonded to a surface of the first component.

US Pat. No. 10,658,683

METHOD FOR PRODUCING ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR FUEL CELLS

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

3. The method of claim 2 wherein the first protrusion and the second protrusion combine the resin frame member and the gas diffusion layer of the first electrode into one piece, and combine the resin frame member and the gas diffusion layer of the second electrode into one piece.

US Pat. No. 10,658,682

FUEL CELL STACK

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell stack comprising:a stack comprising single cells that are stacked, each of the single cells comprising a frame that holds an outer periphery of a membrane electrode assembly and a pair of separators sandwiching the membrane electrode assembly and the frame; and
a case that houses the stack,
wherein the frame comprises at least one protrusion that protrudes outward from an outer periphery of a frame body that constitutes the frame, beyond an outer peripheral edge of the pair of separators, the at least one protrusion integrated with the frame, and
a protrusion length of the at least one protrusion is greater than at least a gap between the frame and one of the pair of separators, and the at least one protrusion is bendable with respect to the frame body.

US Pat. No. 10,658,681

SEPARATOR FOR FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL STACK

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A separator for a fuel cell that is used in a fuel cell stack, the separator for the fuel cell comprising:a center area;
an outer peripheral portion that is an area outside of the center area and has a plurality of vertically aligned openings for a manifold formed on a left or right side of the outer peripheral portion;
a first rib that is formed on a beam portion provided to separate the plurality of vertically aligned openings for supplying a coolant from each other, without surrounding the openings for supplying the coolant, in an area between the openings for supplying the coolant; and
a plurality of second ribs that have a terminal end at a position separate from an end of a flow path formed in the center area, and are placed between the plurality of openings for supplying the coolant and the center area, wherein the second ribs are provided to be inclined obliquely upward from the openings for supplying the coolant toward the center area, relative to the horizontal direction, and wherein the first rib that extends toward the center area from the beam portion is connected with at least one nearest second rib.

US Pat. No. 10,658,680

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF HEAD-MOUNTED DEVICES WITH MIXED CAPACITY CELLS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An electronic device, the electronic device comprising:a frame configured to be worn on a user's body;
a battery supported by the frame, the battery including:
a first cell having a first capacity, and
a second cell having a second capacity different from the first capacity, wherein the first cell and second cell are in electrical parallel; and
a thermal management device positioned contacting at least a portion of the battery and in thermal communication with the first cell and the second cell to reduce a thermal gradient between the first cell and the second cell.

US Pat. No. 10,658,679

PRINTED ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

Printed Energy Pty Ltd, ...

1. A printed energy storage device comprising:a first electrode;
a printed second electrode comprising a homogeneous paste comprising carbon nanotubes and an ionic liquid; and
a separator positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,658,678

ELECTROCATALYSTS, AND FUEL CELLS CONTAINING THEM

GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY, W...

1. An electrocatalyst, comprising a platinum (Pt)-containing substrate having a surface, a submonolayer of lead (Pb) adsorbed onto the Pt-containing substrate, and an aqueous solution comprising Pb2+; wherein the submonolayer of lead is a coating, substantially a single atom or single molecule thick, that covers less than 100 percent of the surface of the Pt-containing substrate; the concentration of Pb2+ in the aqueous solution is 10 to 500 micromolar (?M); and the Pt-containing substrate is in contact with the aqueous solution.

US Pat. No. 10,658,677

SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL MANUFACTURING METHOD, SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL AND CELL MODULE COMPRISING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for manufacturing a solid oxide fuel cell comprising:preparing a fuel electrode green sheet using fuel electrode slurry including oxygen ion conductive inorganic particles and NiO, or preparing a pellet using a solid including oxygen ion conductive inorganic particles and NiO;
bringing a diffuser plate into contact with one surface of the fuel electrode green sheet or the pellet;
preparing a fuel electrode by sintering the fuel electrode green sheet or the pellet that the diffuser plate is brought into contact with;
separating the diffuser plate from the sintered fuel electrode; and
consecutively forming an electrolyte layer and an air electrode on the surface of the sintered fuel electrode from which the diffuser plate is separated.

US Pat. No. 10,658,675

FREEZE TAPE CAST METALLIC CURRENT COLLECTORS

ZAF ENERGY SYSTEMS, INCOR...

8. A battery comprising:an electrode including a current collector having freeze tape cast metallic struts that define a percolated conductive network and void spaces through the percolated conductive network, the struts spanning and being directionally aligned along an entire length of the current collector, the void spaces being directionally ordered perpendicular to a cast direction of the struts, and each of the struts tapering from opposite ends toward a middle thereof; and
an electrochemically active material occupying portions of the void spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,658,674

ELECTRODE

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. An electrode comprising:a current collector which is a conductive resin layer containing a mixture of a polymer material and a conductive filler; and
an active material layer,
wherein the electrode further includes only a granular-shaped, powder-shaped, or fiber-shaped conductive member, which is in electrical contact with the conductive filler, between the current collector and the active material layer, and
wherein the conductive member consists of at least one conductive material selected from the group consisting of at least one metal, an alloy having the at least one metal as a main component, or a conductive carbon, the at least one metal being selected from the group consisting of cobalt, nickel, tin, antimony, copper, silver, palladium, iridium, platinum, gold, iron, titanium, zirconium, tantalum, or niobium.

US Pat. No. 10,658,673

BATTERY

Contemporary Amperex Tech...

1. A battery, comprising:a positive electrode plate comprising a positive current collector and a positive active material layer;
a negative electrode plate comprising a negative current collector and a negative active material layer, and
an electrolyte,
wherein the positive current collector comprises an insulation layer and at least one conductive layer, the insulation layer is used to support the at least one conductive layer, each of the at least one conductive layer is used to support the positive active material layer and is located above at least one surface of the insulation layer, and each of the at least one conductive layer has a thickness of D2 satisfying: 300 nm?D2?2 ?m,
wherein at least one protective layer is arranged on at least one surface of each of the at least one conductive layer, and
wherein the negative current collector is a copper foil current collector having a thickness of 6 ?m to 12 ?m,
the at least one protective layer is made of aluminum oxide, cobalt oxide, chromium oxide, nickel oxide, or combinations thereof, and
the at least one protective layer includes a first protective layer arranged on a surface of one of the at least one conductive layer facing the insulation layer, and a second protective layer arranged on a surface of one of the at least one conductive layer facing away from the insulation layer, and
a thickness of the second protective layer is greater than a thickness of the first protective layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,672

ALL-SOLID-STATE BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An all-solid-state battery comprising:a positive-electrode current collector;
a positive electrode layer which is formed on the positive-electrode current collector and includes at least a positive-electrode active material;
a negative-electrode current collector;
a negative electrode layer which is formed on the negative-electrode current collector and includes at least a negative-electrode active material; and
a solid electrolyte layer which is disposed between the positive electrode layer and the negative electrode layer and includes at least a solid electrolyte having ion conductivity, wherein:
at least one member selected from the group consisting of the positive-electrode current collector, the positive electrode layer, the solid electrolyte layer, the negative-electrode current collector, and the negative electrode layer includes a heated region in which an influence of heat is received and particles included in the at least one member are melted and then re-solidified, at an end portion equal to or greater than 50 ?m and equal to or smaller than 100 ?m from an end of the at least one member,
the positive electrode layer further includes a solid electrolyte,
the negative electrode layer further includes a solid electrolyte,
the solid electrolyte included in the solid electrolyte layer is integrated with the solid electrolyte included in the positive electrode layer at an interface between a heated region of the solid electrolyte layer and a heated region of the positive electrode layer, and
the solid electrolyte included in the solid electrolyte layer is integrated with the solid electrolyte included in the negative electrode layer at an interface between the heated region of the solid electrolyte layer and a heated region of the negative electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,671

POLYMER PROTECTING LAYER, LITHIUM METAL NEGATIVE ELECTRODE, LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY

Ningde Amperex Technology...

1. A lithium secondary battery, comprising a lithium metal negative electrode, the lithium metal negative electrode comprising:a lithium metal sheet; and
a polymer protecting layer provided at the lithium metal sheet;
the polymer protecting layer comprising inorganic nanoparticles and a polymer ionic liquid with a formula I;

in formula I,
X being one selected from the group consisting of —COO?, —SO3?, —SO2N?SO2F, —RCOO?, —RSO3? and —RSO2N?SO2Rf, R representing C1 to C10 hydrocarbylene group, or R representing C1 to C10 hydrocarbylene group with one or more hydrogen atoms being substituted by one or more elements selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, silicon, boron and phosphorus, Rf being one selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine, cyanide, C1 to C10 hydrocarbyl group, or Rf representing C1 to C10 hydrocarbyl group with one or more hydrogen atoms being substituted by one or more elements selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, silicon, boron and phosphorus;
Y being one selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus;
R1, R2 each being independently one selected from the group consisting of C1 to C10 hydrocarbylene group, or R1, R2 each being independently one selected from the group consisting of C1 to C10 hydrocarbylene group with one or more hydrogen atoms being substituted by one or more elements selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, silicon, boron and phosphorus;
R3 being one selected from the group consisting of C1 to C10 hydrocarbyl group, or R3 being one selected from the group consisting of C1 to C10 hydrocarbyl group with one or more hydrogen atoms being substituted by one or more elements selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, silicon, boron and phosphorus;
50?l?2500;
50?n?2500;
0?m?3000;
p being 2 or 3, and the value of p being related with the valence state of Y.

US Pat. No. 10,658,670

ANODE INCLUDING FUNCTIONALIZED METAL OXIDE NANOPARTICLES, A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE ANODE, A SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE ANODE, AND A DEVICE INCLUDING THE SECONDARY BATTERY

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. An anode, comprising:a thin film of an anode material; and
a protective layer that is formed on the thin film of the anode material, that comprises functionalized metal oxide nanoparticles, which are lithium-terminated sulfonated metal oxide nanoparticles, and that has a thickness of 300-5000 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,658,669

ALKALI METAL SECONDARY BATTERY CONTAINING A CARBON MATRIX- OR CARBON MATRIX COMPOSITE-BASED DENDRITE-INTERCEPTING LAYER

Global Graphene Group, In...

1. A rechargeable alkali metal battery comprising:(a) an anode comprising an alkali metal layer, an optional anode current collector layer, and a dendrite penetration-resistant layer comprising an amorphous carbon matrix, a carbon-containing reinforcement phase dispersed in said matrix, and a sodium-containing species that are chemically bonded to said matrix and carbon-containing reinforcement phase to form an integral layer that prevents dendrite penetration through said integral layer in said alkali metal battery, wherein said sodium-containing species is selected from Na2CO3, Na2O, Na2C2O4, NaOH, NaX, ROCO2Na, HCONa, RONa, (ROCO2Na)2, (CH2OCO2Na)2, Na2S, NaxSOy, or a combination thereof, wherein X?F, Cl, I, or Br, R=a hydrocarbon group, 0 (b) a cathode comprising a cathode layer having a cathode active material for reversibly storing alkali metal ions and an optional cathode current collector layer to support said cathode active material; and
(c) a separator and electrolyte component in contact with said anode and said cathode;wherein said dendrite penetration-resistant layer is disposed between said alkali metal layer and said separator.

US Pat. No. 10,658,668

LITHIUM-SULFUR ACCUMULATOR

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A rechargeable lithium-sulfur battery, comprising:an electrolyte containing lithium ions,
an anode,
a sulfur-containing cathode,
a surface layer arranged between the anode and the cathode,
wherein the rechargeable lithium-sulfur battery further comprises areas on the cathode containing polysulfides,
and wherein the surface layer comprises at least one graphene layer which is permeable to the lithium ions and impermeable to the polysulfides, and wherein the at least one graphene layer has negatively charged functional groups which are suitable for repelling polysulfides, and positively charged functional groups.

US Pat. No. 10,658,667

CONDUCTIVE AUXILIARY AGENT, ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR BATTERY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR BATTERY

FDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A conductive auxiliary agent for an electrode slurry for a battery, the electrode slurry containing an electrode active material and the conductive auxiliary agent and applied to a sheet-shaped current collector, whereinthe conductive auxiliary agent is a carbon paste produced by dispersing a carbon powder in water, and
the carbon paste is 20 wt % to 23 wt % acetylene black and has a dynamic viscosity of at least 20 Pa·s and not more than 40 Pa·s at a predetermined shear rate D (1/sec).

US Pat. No. 10,658,666

COLORANT CHANGE PREDICTION

KYOCERA DOCUMENT SOLUTION...

1. A method for predicting printer device colorant usage, the method comprising:receiving, at a prediction server, a request to predict colorant usage for a first printing device;
determining, at the prediction server, a first plurality of functions to predict colorant usage for the first printing device, wherein the first plurality of functions comprise at least one linear function and a plurality of non-linear functions, wherein the first plurality of functions are based on one or more colorant-usage rates that indicate historical rates of change in colorant used by a plurality of printing devices that include the first printing device, and wherein determining the plurality of non-linear functions includes i) analyzing historical rates of change in colorant used by the plurality of printing devices, and ii) determining a pre-determined number of periodic components of the historical rates of change;
determining, at the prediction server, a prediction of colorant usage for the first printing device using the first plurality of functions; and
providing an output of the prediction server involving the prediction of colorant usage for the first printing device, the prediction of colorant usage comprising an estimated time before replacing colorant for the first printing device without replacement and a confidence interval indicating a range of time related to the estimated time before replacing colorant for the first printing device.

US Pat. No. 10,658,664

LITHIUM-NICKEL-MANGANESE-BASED TRANSITION METAL OXIDE PARTICLES, PRODUCTION THEREOF AND USE THEREOF AS ELECTRODE MATERIAL

ZENTRUM FUR SONNENENERGIE...

1. Method for producing lithium-nickel-manganese based transition metal oxide particles having general formula (1):LiMn1.5+yNi0.5?y?zMzO4  (1),
wherein M comprises one or more elements from the group of Co, Mg, Fe and Zn,
y is a value from 0 to less than 0.5,
z is a value from 0 to 0.1, and
(y+z) is a value less than 0.5,
the method comprising the steps of:
(a) reacting an aqueous solution of manganese salts, nickel salts and optional one or more further salts of the elements Co, Mg, Fe and Zn with an aqueous solution of an alkali metal hydroxide and NH3 to precipitate a lithium-free transition metal precursor from the reaction mixture,
wherein the concentration of NH4+ ions in the reaction mixture after establishing a chemical equilibrium is 0.05 mol/l or more,
(b) isolating and optionally drying the precipitated lithium-free transition metal precursor from the reaction mixture,
(c) reacting the lithium-free transition metal precursor with an aqueous solution of a thermally decomposable lithium compound to obtain a lithium-containing transition metal precursor, and
(d) calcining the lithium-containing transition metal precursor at a temperature of 300° C.-800° C.

US Pat. No. 10,658,663

ELECTRODE DESIGNS FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY AND CAPACITOR HYBRID SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising an assembly of at least two pairs of stacked or wound rolls of facing electrodes of opposed electrical charge, each electrode consisting of a two-sided current collector foil coated on one or both sides with a porous layer of particles of an electrode material, each coated layer of electrode material being one selected from the group consisting of (i) a lithium ion intercalating/de-intercalating anode material, (ii) a lithium ion intercalating/de-intercalating cathode material, and (iii) a lithium ion, or compatible electrolyte anion, adsorbing/desorbing capacitor material, the porous layers of each electrode material being separated from each other by the two-sided current collector foil and from a directly facing layer of an electrode by a co-extensive porous separator layer, the porous layers of each electrode material and each separator being infiltrated with a non-aqueous liquid electrolyte of lithium ions and compatible anions;the at least two pairs of stacked or wound rolls of facing electrodes of opposite charge comprising an outer coated layer of electrode material at each end of the stack or wound roll with each of the other coated layers of electrode material being internal with respect to the outer coated layers of electrode material;
the porous layers of electrode material that are coated separately on each two-sided current collector foil being selected from the group consisting of: (i) a layer of lithium-ion anode material on one or both sides of the current collector foil, (ii) a layer of lithium-ion cathode material on one or both sides of the current collector foil, and (iii) a layer of capacitor material on one or both sides of the current collector foil;
the assembly of at least two pairs of facing, opposing electrical charge electrodes including at least one electrode coating layer of capacitor material facing at least one layer of opposing lithium-ion anode material or at least one layer of opposing lithium-ion cathode material, the measured lithium ion-adsorbing or anion-adsorbing capacity of the capacitor material and the measured lithium ion accepting capacity of the anode or cathode material being in the ratio range of 0.8-1.2;
the at least two pairs of stacked or wound rolls of facing electrodes of opposite charge comprising a majority of the electrode coating layers of capacitor material which are located internally with respect to the outer layers of coated electrode materials; and
the layers of electrode material on the at least two pairs of opposing electrodes being selected to obtain a predetermined combination of energy density (Wh/kg) and power density (W/kg) for the electrochemical cell.

US Pat. No. 10,658,662

ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR MAGNESIUM BATTERY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electrode active material for a magnesium battery, the electrode active material comprising a complex transition metal oxide which is represented by a Formula 1 below and which includes ?-MnO2 phase having a cubic structure at a percentage of 60% or higher:(Mg)vMnOw  
In the Formula 1,
0

US Pat. No. 10,658,661

POWER STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A method for manufacturing an active material, comprising the steps of:forming a solution including niobium alkoxide, a stabilizing agent, and a solvent;
forming a gel by reacting the niobium alkoxide in the solution with moisture and by hydrolyzing and condensing the niobium alkoxide in the solution;
adding a granular active material into the gel to form a first particle of the granular active material attached to the gel,
adding water into the first particle to form a dispersion solution; and
forming a second particle by baking the dispersion solution so as to make a niobium oxide,
wherein a weight ratio of the granular active material to the sum of the granular active material and the niobium oxide falls within the range of 0.7 to 0.999.

US Pat. No. 10,658,660

NICKEL-METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY

PRIMEARTH EV ENERGY CO., ...

1. A nickel-metal hydride battery comprising:a positive electrode; and
a negative electrode including hydrogen absorbing alloys, wherein:
a capacity of the negative electrode includes a discharge reserve that is a capacity exceeding a capacity of the positive electrode,
the hydrogen absorbing alloys of the negative electrode include a first hydrogen absorbing alloy and a second hydrogen absorbing alloy having a higher hydrogen equilibrium dissociation pressure than the first hydrogen absorbing alloy,
each hydrogen absorbing alloy includes an element A having high affinity for hydrogen and an element B having low affinity for hydrogen, wherein when a ratio of a substance amount of the element B to a substance amount of the element A is referred to as an AB ratio, the AB ratio of the second hydrogen absorbing alloy is greater than an AB ratio of the first hydrogen absorbing alloy,
a proportion of the first hydrogen absorbing alloy in all of the hydrogen absorbing alloys is less than a sum of a proportion of the discharge reserve in the entire capacity of the negative electrode and a proportion of a capacity of a portion corresponding to a lower limit value of 0% or greater of a charge rate of the positive electrode in the negative electrode in the entire capacity of the negative electrode,
the first hydrogen absorbing alloy and the second hydrogen absorbing alloy are AB5-type hydrogen absorbing alloys,
a main element of the element A is La, and a main element of the element B is Ni, and
6.9?(Y/X) R?7.1 is satisfied, where “X” represents a theoretical positive electrode capacity, “Y” represents a theoretical negative electrode capacity, and “R” represents the AB ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,658,658

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE INCLUDING THE SAME AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A negative electrode active material, comprising a secondary particle in which primary particles are aggregated,wherein the primary particle includes:
a core including one or more of silicon and a silicon compound; and
a surface layer which is disposed on a surface of the core and contains carbon,
wherein an average particle size D50 of the core is in a range of 0.5 ?m to 20 ?m,
wherein a porosity between the primary particles is in the range of 2% to 50% based on the total volume of the secondary particle, and
wherein the surface layer is included at 2 to 50 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the core.

US Pat. No. 10,658,657

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, AND NEGATIVE ELECTRODE AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A negative electrode active material containing silicon and silicon oxide, whereina surface layer part of a primary particle of the negative electrode active material has lower density than a core part of the negative electrode active material,
a ratio (A/B) of density A of the core part to density B of the surface layer part of the negative electrode active material is 1.11 or more and 3.12 or less,
the surface layer part further contains carbon and fluorine, and
a ratio (C/D) of carbon concentration C to silicon concentration D in the surface layer part is 9.7 or more and 17.8 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,658,655

COPPER FOIL HAVING IMPROVED WORKABILITY AND CHARGE/DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS, ELECTRODE INCLUDING THE SAME, SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KCF TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD...

1. A copper foil comprising a copper layer having a matte surface and a shiny surface,wherein the copper foil has a first surface of a direction of the matte surface of the copper layer and a second surface of a direction of the shiny surface of the copper layer,
wherein a dynamic friction coefficient of the first surface is designated by ?k1 and a dynamic friction coefficient of the second surface is designated by ?k2, and ?k1 and ?k2 satisfy the following Equations 1 and 2:
0.4??k1?0.5  [Equation 1]
|?k1??k2|?0.2, and  [Equation 2]
wherein a ratio of three-dimensional surface area to two-dimensional surface area of the first surface is designated by Fs1, a ratio of three-dimensional surface area to two-dimensional surface area of the second surface is designated by Fs2, and Fs1 and Fs2 satisfy the following Equations 3 and 4:
4.0?Fs1?6.5  [Equation 3]
|Fs1?Fs21|?2.0.  [Equation 4]

US Pat. No. 10,658,654

COMPOSITE ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, ANODE INCLUDING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE ANODE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A composite anode active material comprising:a core comprising silicon, wherein the core has a porosity of about 1% to about 10%; and
a carbonaceous shell,
wherein the carbonaceous shell comprises a carbonaceous material and a lithium titanium oxide represented by Formula 1
Lix+3TiyO12  Formula 1wherein 2.4?x?4.2 and 4.8 inert to oxidation or reduction between 1 volt to 4.3 volts versus Li/Li+.

US Pat. No. 10,658,652

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY ELECTRODE SHEET

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method of manufacturing a lithium-ion secondary battery electrode sheet, comprising the steps of:preparing a current collector;
preparing a mixture in which active material particles and a first binder are mixed with a first solvent;
preparing granulated particles containing the active material particles and the first binder by spraying the mixture in a dry atmosphere;
preparing a binder solution in which a second binder is mixed with a second solvent;
applying the binder solution onto the current collector;
feeding the granulated particles onto the current collector after applying the binder solution;
leveling the granulated particles fed on the current collector; and
pressing and destroying the leveled granulated particles, wherein
in the step of preparing granulated particles, a mean particle size of the prepared granulated particles is from 60 ?m to 100 ?m, and wherein
in the step of feeding the granulated particles, the ratio (t/D50) is less than 1, where D50 is the mean particle size of the granulated particles fed onto the current collector and t is the thickness of a layer of the active material particles that has been formed subsequent to the step of pressing.

US Pat. No. 10,658,651

SELF STANDING ELECTRODES AND METHODS FOR MAKING THEREOF

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A method of producing a self-standing electrode, the method comprising:aerosolizing an electrode active material to produce an aerosolized electrode active material powder;
contacting the aerosolized electrode active material powder with single-walled carbon nanotubes in a carrier gas to form a mixture of the single-walled carbon nanotubes and the aerosolized electrode active material powder;
collecting the mixture on a porous surface, wherein at least a portion of the carrier gas passes through the porous surface; and
removing the mixture from the porous surface, to form the self-standing electrode material that is a composite of the single-walled carbon nanotubes and the electrode active material, wherein the self-standing electrode is free of binder and metal-based current collector, and wherein the self-standing electrode comprises 0.1% to 4% by weight carbon nanotubes and has a density of 0.75 g/cc to 2.28 g/cc.

US Pat. No. 10,658,649

BATTERY PACK ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT CHAMBER AND BATTERY PACKAGE COMPRISING SAME

Tyco Electronics AMP Kore...

1. An electronic equipment chamber, comprising:an electronic equipment chamber board on which at least one electronic component among a current sensor, a relay, and a fuse is disposed;
a controller located in a center of the electronic equipment chamber board, the controller electrically connected to the electronic component and configured to control the electronic component;
a plurality of busbars electrically connected to the electronic component and disposed along an outer edge of the electronic equipment chamber board, the plurality of busbars spaced apart from the controller; and
a partition wall located on at least one side of one busbar among the plurality of busbars, the partition wall has an internal partition wall that is located between the controller and the busbar and an external partition wall, the internal partition wall configured to support one side of the busbar and the external partition wall configured to support an opposite side of the busbar;
wherein a separation preventing portion is located above the internal partition wall or the external partition wall and forms an abutment over the busbar.

US Pat. No. 10,658,648

ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY INCLUDING ELECTRODE PLATES WITH COUPLED ADDITIONAL TAPS FORMED THEREON

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. An electrode assembly comprising:a plurality of electrode plates stacked while a separator is interposed between a positive electrode plate and a negative electrode plate of the plurality of electrode plates,
wherein each of the electrode plates includes an electrode tap that externally protrudes from one side thereof to form a tap-lead coupler and at least two or more fixing parts that externally protrude by a length of 10% to 50% of a length of the electrode tap from the one side and/or the another side thereof,
wherein fixing parts of the at least two or more fixing parts with the same polarity, which are positioned in parallel to each other in up and down directions, are bonded to each other to maintain a stack interval between the electrode plates while the electrode plates are stacked,
wherein each of the fixing parts includes an opening perforated therein, and
wherein an insulation tape continuously passes through the opening of each of the fixing parts and surrounds the fixing parts.

US Pat. No. 10,658,647

SECONDARY BATTERY AND BATTERY MODULE

Contemporary Amperex Tech...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:a shell having an opening;
an electrode assembly which is accommodated in the shell, wherein the electrode assembly comprises a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator disposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate;
a cap assembly including a cap plate and a first electrode terminal, wherein the cap plate covers the opening and has an electrode lead-out hole, and the first electrode terminal includes a terminal board, and wherein the terminal board is located at a side of the cap plate and covers the electrode lead-out hole;
a lower insulator located at a side of the cap plate away from the terminal board; and
a wiring board which includes a main body portion and an extension portion connected to the main body portion, wherein the main body portion is located at a side of the lower insulator away from the cap plate and connected to the first electrode plate, and the extension portion extends into the electrode lead-out hole and connected to the first electrode terminal, and wherein the first electrode plate is electrically connected to the first electrode terminal through the wiring board, and the first electrode terminal does not extend beyond a surface of the lower insulator away from the cap plate in a direction from the cap plate to the lower insulator,
wherein the extension portion includes a protrusion disposed at a side of the main body portion close to the cap plate, wherein the protrusion is connected to the first electrode terminal, and wherein a concave portion is formed at a side of the main body portion away from the cap plate by forming the protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,658,646

INTEGRATED CURRENT COLLECTOR FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY CELL

CHONGQING JINKANG NEW ENE...

1. A system to power electric vehicles, comprising:a battery pack to power an electric vehicle, the battery pack comprising a plurality of battery modules;
each of the plurality of battery modules comprising a plurality of battery blocks;
a first battery block of the plurality of battery blocks having a pair of battery block terminals, the first battery block comprising a plurality of cylindrical battery cells;
each of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells having a positive terminal and a negative terminal;
an integrated current collector device formed in a single structure, the integrated current collector device comprising:
a first current collector having a conductive layer, the conductive layer of the first current collector coupling the first current collector with the positive terminals of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells at first ends of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells;
a second current collector having a conductive layer, the conductive layer of the second current collector coupling the second current collector with the negative terminals of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells at the first ends of the plurality of cylindrical battery cells; and
an isolation layer disposed between the first current collector and the second current collector, the isolation layer electrically isolates the first current collector from the second current collector, the isolation layer binds the first current collector with the second current collector to form the single structure of the integrated current collector device; and
the integrated current collector device provides structural support to hold the plurality of cylindrical battery cells in place relative to one another when the plurality of cylindrical battery cells are electrically connected with the first current collector and the second current collector.

US Pat. No. 10,658,645

BUSBAR MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A busbar module comprising:a busbar holding plate comprising:
a busbar holding face for holding a busbar; and
a bearing including a hole extending in an axial direction parallel to the busbar holding face and at least one wall to define the hole; and
a busbar cover attached to the busbar holding plate for covering the busbar, wherein
the busbar cover comprises two protrusions protruding toward each other in the axial direction at positions corresponding to the hole,
the protrusions are opposed to each other with a gap less than a dimension of the hole in the axial direction,
the protrusions are disposed in the hole of the bearing to rotate the busbar cover about the protrusions between a covering position to cover the busbar and an uncovering position to uncover the busbar, and
the busbar cover is flexible to deform such that the gap between the protrusions expands in the axial direction to allow the at least one wall of the bearing to pass through the gap during attachment of the busbar cover to the busbar holding plate and restores an original shape of the busbar cover when passing of the at least one wall through the gap is complete.

US Pat. No. 10,658,644

BATTERY

Ningde Amperex Technology...

1. A battery comprising:an electrode assembly;
a package film packaging the electrode assembly;
wherein the package film comprises a folding portion, the folding portion comprises a first segment attached to an end face of the electrode assembly and a second segment connected to the first segment;
the first segment is arranged between the second segment and the electrode assembly, and the second segment comprises a plurality of multilayer package films, wherein the electrode assembly comprises a separator, and at least a portion of the separator is located between the plurality of multilayer package films of the second segment.

US Pat. No. 10,658,643

ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. An electrode assembly comprising:positive electrode plates, each of which includes a front positive electrode active material layer provided on a front surface of a positive electrode metal foil and a rear positive electrode active material layer provided on a rear surface of the positive electrode metal foil;
negative electrode plates, each of which includes a front negative electrode active material layer provided on a front surface of a negative electrode metal foil and a rear negative electrode active material layer provided on a rear surface of the negative electrode metal foil; and
separators, each of which is interposed between each of the positive electrode plates and each of the negative electrode plates,
wherein the front positive electrode active material layer has a positive electrode large tapered portion that extends at an incline from one edge of the front surface of the positive electrode metal foil to an inner side of the positive electrode plate at a positive electrode large inclination angle,
wherein the rear positive electrode active material layer has a positive electrode small tapered portion that extends at an incline from one edge of the rear surface of the positive electrode metal foil to the inner side of the positive electrode plate at a positive electrode small inclination angle, which is smaller than the positive electrode large inclination angle,
wherein the front negative electrode active material layer has a negative electrode large tapered portion that at an incline from one edge of the front surface of the negative electrode metal foil to an inner side of the negative electrode plate at a negative electrode large inclination angle,
wherein the rear negative electrode active material layer has a negative electrode small tapered portion that extends at an incline from one edge of the rear surface of the negative electrode metal foil to the inner side of the negative electrode plate at a negative electrode small inclination angle, which is smaller than the negative electrode large inclination angle,
wherein the positive electrode plates and the negative electrode plates are alternately laminated with the separator or separators interposed therebetween such that the front surface of the positive electrode plates having the positive electrode large tapered portion and the front surface of the negative electrode plates having the negative electrode large tapered portion are oriented in the same direction in a rear-to-front directional axis along a thickness of the positive electrode plates and the negative electrode plates,
wherein one of the positive electrode plates or the negative electrode plates constitutes an electrode plate unit enveloped by a separator forming a bag shape with the separator having a larger surface area than that of the one of the positive electrodes or negative electrode plates,
wherein the positive electrode large inclination angle is set to be smaller than the negative electrode large inclination angle in the case where one of the positive electrode plates constitutes the electrode plate unit, and
wherein the negative electrode large inclination angle is set to be smaller than the positive electrode large inclination angle in the case where one of the negative electrode plates constitutes the electrode plate unit.

US Pat. No. 10,658,642

CARBON MATRIX- AND CARBON MATRIX COMPOSITE-BASED DENDRITE-INTERCEPTING LAYER FOR ALKALI METAL SECONDARY BATTERY

Global Graphene Group, In...

1. A dendrite penetration-resistant layer for a rechargeable alkali metal battery, said layer comprising an amorphous carbon matrix, a carbon-containing reinforcement phase dispersed in said matrix, and a sodium-containing species that is chemically bonded to said matrix to form an integral layer that prevents dendrite penetration through said integral layer in said alkali metal battery, wherein the sodium-containing species is selected from Na2CO3, Na2O, Na2C2O4, NaOH, NaX, ROCO2Na, HCONa, RONa, (ROCO2Na)2, (CH2OCO2Na)2, Na2S, NaxSOy, or combinations thereof, wherein X=F, Cl, I, or Br, R=a hydrocarbon group, 0

US Pat. No. 10,658,641

SEPARATOR COMPRISING COATING LAYER, AND BATTERY USING SAME

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A separator comprising a base film and a coating layer including an organic binder and an inorganic particle on one surface or both surfaces of the base film,wherein the organic binder includes an acryl-based copolymer and a polyvinylidene fluoride-based binder, wherein a weight ratio of the acryl-based copolymer and the polyvinylidene fluoride-based binder is 5:5 to 8:2,
wherein the polyvinylidene fluoride-based binder has a weight average molecular weight of 500,000 g/mol to 1,500,000 g/mol,
wherein the acryl-based copolymer has a glass transition temperature (Tg) of 30° C. to less than 60° C.,
wherein the acryl-based copolymer includes a repeating unit derived from a butyl (meth)acrylate monomer and a methyl (meth)acrylate monomer and a repeating unit derived from a vinyl acetate monomer,
wherein the acryl-based copolymer is prepared by polymerizing the butyl (meth)acrylate monomer, the methyl (meth)acrylate monomer, and the vinyl acetate monomer in a mole ratio of 3.5 to 4.5:0.5 to 1.5:4 to 6, and
wherein a rate of a thickness change of the separator according to Equation 1 is less than or equal to 3%,
Rate of a thickness change (%)=[(T2?T1)/T1]×100  [Equation 1]
wherein, in Equation 1, T1 is a thickness of an electrode assembly that is provided by interposing a separator between a positive electrode and a negative electrode, sequentially stacking the positive electrode, the separator, and the negative electrode, winding the stack several times to have a size of 7 cm (length)×6.5 cm (width) to provide a jelly-roll shaped electrode assembly, and pressing the electrode assembly at 60° C. to 100° C. with a pressure of 10 kgf/cm2 to 50 kgf/cm2 for 1 second to 5 seconds, and T2 is a thickness of an electrode assembly that is provided by being allowed to stand at 15° C. to 30° C. for 48 hours after the pressing.

US Pat. No. 10,658,640

POLYOLEFIN MICROPOROUS MEMBRANE, PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF, SEPARATOR FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A polyolefin microporous membrane, comprising: a temperature difference not less than 7.2° C. between a shutdown shrinkage temperature and a maximum shrinkage temperature in a direction transverse to a machine direction (TD) as measured by a thermomechanical analyzer (TMA);a rate difference less than 25% between a shutdown shrinkage rate and a maximum shrinkage rate in the TD;
a pin puncture strength at a membrane thickness of 16 ?m being not less than 400 gf; and
a ratio of pin puncture strength to air permeation resistance at a membrane thickness of 16 ?m being from 2.0 to 4.0 (gf/(sec/100 cc)).

US Pat. No. 10,658,639

METHOD OF PREPARING MICROPOROUS MEMBRANE, MICROPOROUS MEMBRANE, BATTERY SEPARATOR, AND SECONDARY BATTERY

Toray Industries, Inc., ...

1. A method of producing a microporous membrane comprising:1) melt-kneading a) a primary material comprising a high density polyethylene having an average particle diameter of 105 ?m or more and having a molecular weight (Mw) of less than 1.0×106, b) a secondary material comprising an ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene having an average particle diameter of 90 ?m or more and having a molecular weight of 1.0×106 or more and less than 4.0×106, and c) a plasticizer, wherein the plasticizer is added in two or more places during melt-kneading and 50 to 95 wt % of the plasticizer is added at an upstream side of the melt-kneading;
2) extruding the molten mixture obtained in step 1) through a spinneret to mold into a sheet shape;
3) stretching the sheet obtained in step 2) by a sequential stretching method including a roll system or a tenter system; and
4) extracting the plasticizer from the stretched film obtained in step 3) to produce a polyolefin microporous membrane,
wherein, when an endothermic quantity of a mixture of the primary material and the plasticizer and an endothermic quantity of a mixture of the secondary material and the plasticizer are denoted as Q1 and Q2, respectively, a ratio of the endothermic quantity Q2 to the endothermic quantity Q1, (endothermic quantity Q2/endothermic quantity Q1), is 1 or more over a temperature range of 110 to 118° C.,
a ratio of the average particle diameter of the primary material to the average particle diameter of the secondary material is 0.3 to 1.5,
a proportion of the ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene to the primary and secondary materials is 6 mass % or more, and
a content of the primary and secondary materials is 10 to 50 wt % based on the weight of the primary and secondary materials and the plasticizer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,638

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A rechargeable battery comprising:an electrode assembly;
a case configured to accommodate the electrode assembly and having an opening at one side thereof; and
a cap assembly comprising:
a cap plate configured to close and seal the opening of the case, the cap plate having a vent portion and defining a vent opening that is configured to discharge an internal gas generated inside the case to outside of the case, the vent portion comprising:
a vent plate configured to close and seal the vent opening, the vent plate comprising:
a connecting portion located below the cap plate at the vent opening; and
a rupture portion having a notch at a lower portion thereof, the notch facing inside the case; and
a bending portion that is raised from the vent plate and encloses the rupture portion; and
an electrode terminal at an upper portion of the cap plate and electrically connected to the electrode assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,658,637

APPARATUS FOR INCREASING SAFETY WHEN USING BATTERY SYSTEMS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery system, comprising:at least one battery apparatus, having at least one safety apparatus configured to increase safety when using a degassing apparatus,
wherein the degassing apparatus is configured to degas battery apparatuses in a controlled manner, and
wherein the battery apparatus and the safety apparatus are surrounded by a housing and the degassing apparatus is inserted into a wall of the housing,
wherein the safety apparatus produces a gap between the battery apparatus and the degassing apparatus such that a space is kept free between the battery apparatus and the degassing apparatus so as to dissipate substances that escape from the battery apparatus in an area surrounding the battery system,
wherein the safety apparatus is configured to generate a force effect on the degassing apparatus in dependence upon a state of the battery apparatus, and the effect of the force causes the degassing apparatus to open, and
wherein the safety apparatus includes a mechanical bursting element opener configured to generate the force effect on the degassing apparatus via action of the mechanical bursting element opener on the degassing apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,658,636

POWER STORAGE DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A power storage device comprising:a plurality of battery modules;
a rack for arranging and housing the plurality of battery modules; and
a wall plate attached to one side-surface of the rack, and
a fan for generating a flow of air to cool the battery module attached to the wall plate, the wall plate facing a connector terminal detachably connected to each of the battery modules, and being transparent at least in part,
wherein the wall plate includes
a transparent resin plate that faces the connector terminal, being made of a transparent plate material, and
a metal plate that does not face the connector terminal, being made of a metal plate, and
the fan is attached to the transparent resin plate.

US Pat. No. 10,658,635

BATTERY PACK AND VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH SAME

SANYO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.,...

1. A battery pack comprising:a cell stacked body including a plurality of stacked rectangular cells;
a first end plate disposed at a first end of the cell stacked body in a stacking direction of the plurality of rectangular cells;
a second end plate disposed at a second end of the cell stacked body in the stacking direction of the plurality of rectangular cells; and
a connection member coupled to the first end plate and the second end plate,
wherein at least one of the first end plate and the second end plate includes a first member made of a first metal material and a second member made of a second metal material different from the first metal material,
wherein the first member and the second member are stacked in the stacking direction of the plurality of rectangular cells,
wherein a rigidity of the second metal material is higher than a rigidity of the first metal material,
wherein a specific gravity of the first metal material is lower than a specific gravity of the second metal material, and
wherein the second member is disposed between the first member and the cell stacked body, and a vertical length of the second member is less than a height of the first member such that the second member presses a part of an adjacent one of the rectangular cells other than an upper end thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,658,634

COLLAR FOR SEALING A BATTERY MODULE

CPS Technology Holdings, ...

1. A battery module, comprising:a housing comprising a first absorptive material configured to absorb a laser emission;
a cover comprising a second absorptive material configured to absorb the laser emission; and
a collar coupled to the housing and coupled to the cover via a laser weld, wherein the collar comprises a transparent material configured to transmit the laser emission through the collar and toward the housing and the cover, and wherein the laser weld is formed by a process comprising:
disposing the cover over a receptacle region of the housing;
disposing the collar around a first perimeter of the housing and a second perimeter of the cover;
directing a laser toward a third perimeter of the collar such that the laser is transmitted through the transparent material and is absorbed by the first absorptive material and the second absorptive material;
heating the first absorptive material and the second absorptive material such that a first portion of the first absorptive material increases in temperature and forms a first molten material and a second portion of the second absorptive material increases in temperature and forms a second molten material; and
cooling the first molten material and the second molten material to adhere the housing to the collar and adhere the cover to the collar.

US Pat. No. 10,658,633

BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE BATTERY

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A battery, comprising:a first electrode plate;
a second electrode plate having polarity opposite to that of the first electrode plate;
a separator interposed between the first and second electrode plates;
a closed-end cylindrical metal case configured to accommodate the first electrode plate, the second electrode plate, and the separator; and
a sealing member configured to seal an opening of the metal case with an insulating member interposed therebetween, wherein
the first and second electrode plates are wound with the separator interposed therebetween to form a wound electrode group,
the first electrode plate includes a first electrode core material, a first electrode active material which is disposed on the first electrode core material,
a center axis portion of the wound electrode group includes a center axis of a cylinder of the metal case, and contains no power-generating element,
the metal case is a first electrode terminal, and the sealing member is a second electrode terminal,
a first current collector lead electrically coupled to the first electrode core material extends toward the opening of the metal case, and joined to an inner sidewall surface of the metal case,
a second current collector lead electrically coupled to the second electrode plate extends toward the opening of the metal case, and joined to the sealing member,
the first current collector lead is joined to the inner sidewall surface of the metal case at a welding point which is located at a position closer to the opening of the metal case than an uppermost portion of the wound electrode group when viewed along a longitudinal axis of the metal case, and
a length of the first current collector lead in a circumferential direction of the wound electrode group ranges from 10% to 30%, both inclusive, of a length of an outer periphery of the wound electrode group.

US Pat. No. 10,658,632

BATTERY HOUSINGS FOR ACCOMMODATING SWELLING OF ELECTRODE ASSEMBLIES

1. A battery, comprising:an electrode assembly comprising a cathode and an anode;
a receptacle comprising at least one feedthrough disposed through one or more sides of the receptacle; and
a lid sealed to the receptacle;
wherein the receptacle, the at least one feedthrough, and the lid form a sealed volume in which the electrode assembly and an electrolyte are disposed;
wherein the lid is configured to displace from a first position to a second position in response to a swelling of the electrode assembly within the sealed volume; and
wherein the receptacle is configured to strain less than the lid during the swelling of the electrode assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,658,631

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly having a curved shape and comprising a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator located between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate,
an exterior member comprising a first exterior member on a first surface of the electrode assembly, a second exterior member on a second surface of the electrode assembly, and exterior member wings providing a sealing surface by coupling the first exterior member and the second exterior member, the exterior member wings being folded to extend perpendicular to the first and second surfaces of the electrode assembly, and
a label covering an outer surface of the exterior member, wherein the label comprises:
a label body sheet that is attached to the first exterior member,
a plurality of label wings that are folded from a first edge of the label body sheet in a first direction and cover the exterior member including the folded exterior member wings from side surfaces of the exterior member to the second exterior member to prevent the folded exterior member wings from unfolding, and
at least one cutting slot, wherein the at least one cutting slot is located between adjacent ones of the label wings such that the label wings are independently foldable, the at least one cutting slot is defined to extend past a periphery of a respective one of the label wings, and the at least one cutting slot is formed across the respective label wing from a first edge of the label wing toward the label body sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,658,630

EVAPORATION PLATE FOR DEPOSITING DEPOSITION MATERIAL ON SUBSTRATE, EVAPORATION APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF DEPOSITING DEPOSITION MATERIAL ON SUBSTRATE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. An evaporation plate for depositing a deposition material on a substrate, comprising a sequentially stacked structure:wherein the sequentially stacked structure comprises:
a first heating layer;
a first cooling layer;
a main body plate;
a second cooling layer; and
a second heating layer;
wherein the first cooling layer and the first heating layer are sequentially stacked on a first side of the main body plate;
the second cooling layer and the second heating layer are sequentially stacked on a second side of the main body plate;
the second side is opposite to the first side;
the main body plate is between the first cooling layer and the second cooling layer;
the first cooling layer is between the first heating layer and the main body plate, and is configured to cool the first heating layer on the first side of the main body plate;
the first heating layer is configured to heat a first material deposited on the first side of the main body plate;
the second cooling layer is between the second heating layer and the main body plate, and is configured to cool the second heating layer on the second side of the main body plate; and
the second heating layer is configured to heat a second material deposited on the second side of the main body plate.

US Pat. No. 10,658,629

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT ELEMENT, ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT PANEL, ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. An organic electroluminescent panel, comprising:a plurality of pixels, wherein
each pixel of the plurality of pixels has a plurality of sub-pixels,
each sub-pixel of the plurality of sub-pixels has an organic electroluminescent element,
the organic electroluminescent element comprises:
a first electrode;
a hole transport layer;
a first light emitting layer that comprises:
a second light emitting layer, and
a third light emitting layer;
an electron transport layer; and
a second electrode, wherein
the first light emitting layer is a hybrid of the second light emitting layer on the third light emitting layer,
the second light emitting layer is a first coating film on a hole transport layer side of the first light emitting layer, and
the third light emitting layer is a first vapor-deposited film on an electron transport layer side of the first light emitting layer
the plurality of sub-pixels includes a first sub-pixel adapted to emit red light, a second sub-pixel adapted to emit green light, and a third sub-pixel adapted to emit blue light,
the third sub-pixel includes the first light emitting layer,
each of the first sub-pixel and the second sub-pixel have a fourth light emitting layer including a third coating film, and
the third light emitting layer is over whole surface of the fourth light emitting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,628

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE AND A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An organic light emitting display (OLED) device, comprising:a substrate comprising a display region including a pixel region and a peripheral region surrounding the pixel region, a pad region that is spaced apart from the display region, and a bending region that is positioned between the display region and the pad region;
a buffer layer disposed on the substrate, the buffer layer including a first opening exposing an upper surface of the substrate that is positioned in the bending region;
pixel structures in the pixel region on the buffer layer;
an insulation layer structure disposed on the buffer layer, the insulation layer structure including a second opening exposing the upper surface of the substrate that is positioned in the bending region and a first portion of the buffer layer that is positioned adjacent to the bending region;
a fan-out wiring positioned in the peripheral region and the pad region on the insulation layer structure such that the upper surface of the substrate and the first portion of the buffer layer are exposed;
a passivation layer disposed on the fan-out wiring, side walls of the insulation layer structure that is positioned adjacent to the bending region, and the first portion of the buffer layer, the passivation layer including a third opening exposing the upper surface of the substrate that is positioned in the bending region; and
a connection electrode in the bending region, the connection electrode being positioned above the substrate, the connection electrode being in direct contact with the fan-out wiring, and the connection electrode being electrically connected to the pixel structure and an external device,
wherein the passivation layer includes a first contact hole that is positioned n the peripheral region and a second contact hole that is positioned in the pad region, and
wherein the fan-out writing is in direct contact with the connection electrode through the first and second contact holes.

US Pat. No. 10,658,627

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A method for manufacturing a display apparatus comprising:forming a display panel by forming a plurality of display elements on a substrate having flexibility;
preparing a holding member to be engaged with an outer periphery of the display panel;
preparing a supporting member having a surface on which the substrate of the display panel is to be placed;
placing the substrate on the surface of the supporting member;
bonding the holding member to the surface of the supporting member;
bringing the substrate into close contact with the surface of the supporting member at a strength lower than a bonding strength between the holding member and the surface of the supporting member; and
engaging the holding member with an entire of an outer edge of the display panel before or after or simultaneously with placing the substrate on the surface,
wherein the holding member is prepared so as to have a frame shape along the entire of the outer edge of the display panel, and a suction port is formed at the holding member, the suction port communicating with inside of the frame shape of the holding member and communicating with outside of the frame shape of the holding member; and
the substrate is brought into close contact with the surface of the supporting member by suctioning gas from the inside of the frame shape of the holding member by using the suction port after bonding the holding member to the surface of the supporting member.

US Pat. No. 10,658,626

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting device comprising:a flexible substrate;
an organic light emitting element on the flexible substrate in a display area of the flexible substrate;
a thin film encapsulating film covering the organic light emitting element; and
a bottom protecting film attached to a bottom of the flexible substrate, the bottom protecting film comprising a light blocking layer for blocking external light, an adhesive layer between the light blocking layer and the flexible substrate, a heat dissipating plate, and an additional adhesive layer between the heat dissipating plate and the light blocking layer,
wherein the heat dissipating plate and the light blocking layer directly contact the additional adhesive layer in a region overlapping the display area along a direction perpendicular to the display area.

US Pat. No. 10,658,625

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a substrate;
a first organic light-emitting diode including a first electrode provided above the substrate for each of pixels, a second electrode, and a first light-emitting layer provided between the first electrode and the second electrode, and
a heat source resistor provided in one of the pixels where the first organic light-emitting diode is disposed, wherein
one end of the heat source resistor is connected to a first heat-source power supply line control circuit controlling a potential at the one end of the heat source resistor,
the other end of the heat source resistor is connected to the second electrode, and
the first heat-source power supply line control circuit controls, in supplying heat to the first light-emitting layer, the potential at the one end of the heat source resistor so as to be different from a potential of the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,658,624

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING AN ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An electronic device comprising:an organic light emitting display (OLED) having a first end and a second end; and
a heat generating device to provide signals to the OLED; and
a heat spreading device between the OLED and the heat generating device, the heat spreading device being immediately adjacent to the OLED extending from the first end of the OLED to the second end of the OLED, and the heat generating device being in direct contact with the heat spreading device, wherein the heat spreading device is configured to dissipate heat generated by the heat generating device.

US Pat. No. 10,658,623

ELECTROLUMINESCENT DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING A PLURALITY OF LOW-REFRACTIVE MEMBERS

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An electroluminescent display device comprising:an overcoat layer on a substrate;
a plurality of low-refractive members formed of an inorganic matter and disposed on the overcoat layer;
a first electrode on the overcoat layer and the plurality of low-refractive members;
a bank layer disposed on the overcoat layer and the first electrode and including an opening configured to expose the first electrode;
an emitting layer disposed on the first electrode; and
a second electrode disposed on the emitting layer,
wherein each of the plurality of low-refractive members includes a first flat surface overlaid by the first electrode, a second flat surface below the first flat surface, the second flat surface having an area greater than that of the first flat surface and overlying the overcoat layer, the low-refractive member including first and second inclined surfaces extending between the first flat surface and the second flat surface, and
wherein a refractive index of each of the plurality of low-refractive members is lower than those of the overcoat layer and the first electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,658,622

DISPLAY DEVICE WITH SUB-PIXEL REGIONS INCLUDING ZONE PLATES HAVING PLURALITY OF RING GROUPS AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel and a light ray control component disposed on a light emergent side of the display panel, wherein the light ray control component comprises a plurality of zone plates,
wherein the display panel comprises a plurality of pixel regions, each pixel region comprises a plurality of sub-pixel regions, each sub-pixel region corresponds to one of the plurality of zone plates, and the one of the plurality of zone plates corresponding to any sub-pixel region in the plurality of sub-pixel regions is used to control a direction of light rays emitted from the any sub-pixel region,
wherein the plurality of zone plates are made of a transparent material, the one of the plurality of zone plates corresponding to the any sub-pixel region comprises a first ring group and a second ring group, rings in the first ring group and rings in the second ring group are alternately disposed from inside to outside along a radial direction of the one of the plurality of zone plate; and
wherein thicknesses of the plurality of zone plates at the rings in the first ring group each have a first thickness, thicknesses of the plurality of zone plates at the rings in the second ring group each have a second thickness, the absolute value of a thickness difference between the first thickness of the one of the plurality of zone plates at the rings in the first ring group and the second thickness of the one of the plurality of zone plates at the rings in the second ring group meets nd=?/2, wherein n is a refractive index of a material of the one of the plurality of zone plates, d is the thickness difference, and ? is a wavelength of the light rays emitted from the any sub-pixel region.

US Pat. No. 10,658,621

OLED PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND OLED DISPLAY

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) panel, comprising:a thin film transistor (TFT) substrate;
a pixel defining layer located on the TFT substrate, wherein the pixel defining layer defines a plurality of light-emitting regions of the OLED panel on the TFT substrate;
a reflecting wall located between two adjacent light-emitting regions and within the pixel defining layer; and
a package layer located on a top surface of the pixel defining layer; wherein a top of the reflecting wall extends to the package layer;
wherein a bottom of the reflecting wall extends to the TFT substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,658,620

ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electro-optical device comprising:a reflective layer;
a semitransparent reflective layer;
a first pixel having a first optical path length adjustment layer provided between the reflective layer and the semitransparent reflective layer, and a first luminescence functional layer provided between the reflective layer and the semitransparent reflective layer; and
a second pixel having a second optical path length adjustment layer provided between the reflective layer and the semitransparent reflective layer, and a second luminescence functional layer provided between the reflective layer and the semitransparent reflective layer, wherein:
the first optical path length adjustment layer includes a luminance adjustment layer, and the second optical path length adjustment layer does not include the luminance adjustment layer, and
the luminance adjustment layer of the first pixel includes a metal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,619

ELECTROLUMINESCENT DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An electroluminescent display device, comprising:an overcoat layer above a substrate including a plurality of subpixel regions;
a first electrode on the overcoat layer and disposed in each of the plurality of subpixel regions, the first electrode including a plurality of holes exposing the overcoat layer within respective subpixel regions;
at least one light extraction pattern in at least one of the plurality of holes and on the overcoat layer;
an emission layer on the first electrode and the at least one light extraction pattern; and
a second electrode on the emission layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,618

DISPLAY DEVICE AND PACKAGING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device, comprising a base substrate; and a light-emitting unit and a packaging unit sequentially disposed on the base substrate;the packaging unit comprising a first packaging film layer, a second packaging film layer as well as a plurality of water-absorbing functional layers and an organic film layer located between the first packaging film layer and the second packaging film layer, the water-absorbing functional layers at least comprising a first water-absorbing functional layer and a second water-absorbing functional layer;
the water-absorbing functional layer being mainly formed of a self-healing material with water absorbability, wherein
both of the first packaging film layer and the second packaging film layer are inorganic film layers;
the water-absorbing functional layer is arranged between every adjacent film layers in the packaging unit, the first water-absorbing functional layer is in direct contact with both of the first packaging film layer and the organic film layer, and the second water-absorbing functional layer is in direct contact with both of the second packaging film layer and the organic film layer, and wherein
the self-healing material with water absorbability of the water-absorbing functional layer comprises a composite material of konjac glucomannan, polyacrylamide and nano-clay.

US Pat. No. 10,658,617

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a substrate having flexibility and including a first surface and a second surface opposing the first surface, and an outer edge;
a display area on the first surface of the substrate and including a plurality of pixels;
a periphery area on an outer side of the display area on the first surface; and
a sealing layer covering the display area and the periphery area, wherein
the display area and the periphery area comprise a first elements layer and a second elements layer, wherein, within the display area, the first elements layer includes a first plurality of transistors and the second elements layer includes a plurality of light emitting elements and one or more insulating layers, and within the periphery area, the first elements layer includes a second plurality of transistors and the second elements layer includes at least one or the one or more insulating layers, and the second elements layer is arranged on the first elements layer,
a groove passes through the first and second elements layers between the display area and the periphery area,
the sealing layer includes a first part that covers the first and second elements layers and a second part that runs through the groove and covers opposing edges of the first and second elements layers formed by the groove,
the periphery area includes a wiring part, wherein the first elements layer, the second elements layer and the sealing layer are arranged, the periphery area includes first opening part through the first and second elements layers, and the periphery area includes a second opening which penetrates the substrate and is arranged directly below the first opening part, and
a part of the wiring part, the first opening part, the second part of the sealing layer and the display area are arranged in a sequential order from the outer edge of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,658,616

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:an organic light emitting device; and
an encapsulation member on the organic light emitting device to seal the organic light emitting device,
wherein the encapsulation member comprises:
a lower encapsulation layer on the organic light emitting device, the lower encapsulation layer including oxynitride and nitride;
an organic layer on the lower encapsulation layer; and
an upper encapsulation layer on the organic layer,
wherein a content of oxynitride in the lower encapsulation layer increases with decreasing distance from the organic layer, the lower encapsulation layer including both oxynitride and nitride at a first distance from the organic layer along a thickness direction of the lower encapsulation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,615

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel; and
a window coating layer disposed directly on an upper surface of the display panel,
wherein
the window coating layer comprises a first region which has an increasing elastic modulus in a direction from the display panel toward the window coating layer,
the window coating layer further comprises a second region and a third region, which are spaced apart from each other in the direction from the display panel toward the window coating layer with the first region interposed therebetween, and
each of the second region and the third region has a constant elastic modulus.

US Pat. No. 10,658,614

METHOD OF ENCAPSULATING A FLEXIBLE OLED PANEL AND ENCAPSULATION STRUCTURE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

6. An encapsulation structure of a flexible OLED panel, comprising:a TFT substrate;
an OLED device, disposed on the TFT substrate;
a first inorganic barrier layer, disposed on the TFT substrate and covering the OLED device;
a liquid metal layer, disposed on the first inorganic barrier layer;
a liquid metal oxide layer, covering a surface of the liquid metal layer;
an organic buffer layer, disposed on the first inorganic barrier layer and covering the liquid metal oxide layer; and
a second inorganic barrier layer, disposed on the first inorganic barrier layer and covering the organic buffer layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,613

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE ENCAPSULATION STRUCTURE, DISPLAY APPARATUS AND ENCAPSULATION METHOD OF ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. An organic light emitting diode encapsulation structure, comprising:a base substrate provided with an organic light emitting diode device;
an encapsulation cover plate opposite to the base substrate; and
a first sealant and a second sealant,
wherein both the first sealant and the second sealant are between the encapsulation cover plate and the base substrate; the first sealant is at a side, which faces the base substrate, of the encapsulation cover plate, and the first sealant comprises a plurality of portions which are spaced apart with each other; the second sealant covers the organic light emitting diode device and at least a portion of the first sealant so that the organic light emitting diode device is sealed;
the second sealant is an integral structure which is continuously distributed, the second sealant covers all surfaces, which do not contact the encapsulation cover plate, of the plurality of protrusion portions of the first sealant, and at least a portion of the second sealant is between the first sealant and the organic light emitting diode device, so that the first sealant is spaced apart from the organic light emitting diode device by the second sealant;
the first sealant includes a filling material, the filling material comprises at least one selected from a group consisting of a moisture absorbing material, a heat dissipating material and an oxygen absorbing material, and the second sealant does not include the filling material.

US Pat. No. 10,658,612

DISPLAY PANEL HAVING PASSIVATION LAYER WITH PROTRUDING PORTIONS IN PERIPHERAL AREA FOR SEALANT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate; and
a second substrate facing the first substrate;
wherein the first substrate comprises:
a base substrate; and
an insulating passivation layer on the base substrate, the insulating passivation layer comprising a base portion extending from a display area of the display panel into a peripheral area of the display panel, and a protruding portion in the peripheral area and on a side of the base portion in the peripheral area away from the base substrate;
wherein the display panel further comprises:
a sealant layer on a side of the protruding portion away from the base portion, the sealant layer in the peripheral area of the display panel, and configured to seal the first substrate and the second substrate together to form a cell;
an organic light emitting layer in the display area and on a side of the insulating passivation layer away from the base substrate; and
an encapsulating film on a side of the organic light emitting layer away from the base substrate for encapsulating the organic light emitting layer;
wherein the protruding portion encloses the display area of the display panel;
the insulating passivation layer in a region having the protruding portion has a first total thickness greater than a second total thickness of the insulating passivation layer in regions outside the region having the protruding portion;
the first total thickness comprises a thickness of the base portion in the region having the protruding portion and a thickness of the protruding portion;
the sealant layer is in direct contact with the protruding portion and is limited in the region having the protruding portion;
lateral sides of the sealant layer and the protruding portion in the peripheral area are in direct contact with the encapsulating film; and
a maximum height of the protruding portion relative to the base substrate is greater than a maximum height of the organic light emitting layer relative to the base substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,658,611

ENCAPSULATION METHOD OF OLED PANEL AND A ENCAPSULATION STRUCTURE THEREOF

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

7. A encapsulation structure of an OLED panel, comprising: a TFT substrate; an OLED device disposed on the TFT substrate; a encapsulation cover plate disposed above the TFT substrate, a sealant disposed between the TFT substrate and the encapsulation cover plate outside the OLED device, an inorganic insulating layer disposed on the TFT substrate between the OLED device and the sealant, and a liquid metal disposed between the inorganic insulating layer and the encapsulation cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,658,610

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display member comprising a base substrate and a plurality of pixels disposed on the base substrate to display an image;
a window member disposed on the display member and comprising a transparent part through which the image is transmitted and a bezel part disposed between the transparent part and the display member and contacting the transparent part; and
a filling member disposed between the window member and the base substrate and contacting the bezel part,
wherein the bezel part comprises a first layer contacting the transparent part and a second layer disposed between the first layer and the filling member,
wherein the second layer has an opening that overlaps the filling member in a plan view, and
wherein the filling member is disposed in the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,658,609

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate comprising:a plurality of pixel units which are arranged in an array, and which comprise a plurality of pixel electrodes arranged at intervals, respectively, wherein a third equivalent capacitance is formed between two adjacent ones of the plurality of pixel electrodes;
a conductive layer disposed above or below the two adjacent pixel electrodes, and configured such that when a preset electric potential is applied to the conductive layer, a first equivalent capacitance is formed between the conductive layer and a first one of the two adjacent pixel electrodes and a second equivalent capacitance is formed between the conductive layer and a second one of the two adjacent pixel electrodes, so that a total equivalent capacitance formed between the two adjacent pixel electrodes is less than the third equivalent capacitance;
wherein:
an orthogonal projection of each of the plurality of pixel electrodes on a plane in which the plurality of pixel electrodes are located has a rectangular shape, and an orthogonal projection of the conductive layer on the plane has a rectangular shape,
the first equivalent capacitance is calculated by a formula: CA=?*WA*LA/TA, where CA is the first equivalent capacitance, ? is a conductivity of a dielectric between the conductive layer and the first pixel electrode, between the conductive layer and the second pixel electrode, and between the first pixel electrode and the second pixel electrode, WA is a width of an overlap between the conductive layer and the first pixel electrode, LA is a length of the overlap between the conductive layer and the first pixel electrode, and TA is a distance between the conductive layer and the first pixel electrode;
the second equivalent capacitance is calculated by a formula: CB=?*WB*LB/TB, where CB is the second equivalent capacitance, WB is a width of an overlap between the conductive layer and the second pixel electrode, LB is a length of the overlap between the conductive layer and the second pixel electrode, and TB is a distance between the conductive layer and the second pixel electrode; and
the third equivalent capacitance is calculated by a formula: C=?*TO*L/D, where C is the third equivalent capacitance, TO is a thickness of each pixel electrode, D is a distance between the two adjacent pixel electrodes, and L is a length of each of the first pixel electrode and the second pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,658,608

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR COUPLING MULTIPLE GROUND PLANES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An electrically conductive apparatus, comprising:a channel shaped structure that comprises:
a base member extending along and parallel to a first plane and having an opening through the base member;
a first sidewall member disposed along a first side of the base member and extending a first distance from the base member; and
a second sidewall member disposed along a second side of the base member and extending a second distance from the base member, wherein:
the first sidewall member and the second sidewall member are parallel to one another; and
the second side of the base member is transversely opposed to the first side of base member across a width of the base member;
a first flexible member having a first longitudinal portion and a second longitudinal portion, wherein:
the first flexible member extends from the first sidewall member along a first path; and
the first longitudinal portion of the first flexible member physically couples to the first sidewall member;
a second flexible member having a third longitudinal portion and a forth longitudinal portion, wherein:
the second flexible member extends from the second sidewall member along a second path; and
the third longitudinal portion of the second flexible member physically couples to the second sidewall member; and
a third flexible member having a fifth longitudinal portion and a sixth longitudinal portion, wherein:
the third flexible member extends from the base member along a third path; and
the fifth longitudinal portion of the third flexible member is physically coupled to the base member; and
wherein:
the first path comprises a first curvilinear path and extends from the first sidewall member with at least a portion of the first flexible member extending below the first plane; and
the third path comprises a second curvilinear path and extends from the base member with at least a portion of the third flexible member extending above the first plane.

US Pat. No. 10,658,607

LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, DISPLAY DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, AND LIGHT EMISSION METHOD

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A light-emitting element comprising;a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
a functional layer containing at least a first light-emitting layer and a second light-emitting layer, the functional layer being disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein
the first light-emitting layer has an emission peak wavelength shorter than an emission peak wavelength of the second light-emitting layer, and contains a host material and a triplet-triplet-fusion (TTF) material or at least the TTF material, the TTF material being a delayed fluorescent material that causes a TTF phenomenon by the TTF material alone or in cooperation with the host material,
the second light-emitting layer is adjacent to the first light-emitting layer, and contains at least a thermally activated delayed fluorescent material, the thermally activated delayed fluorescent material being a delayed fluorescent material in which reverse intersystem crossing occurs from an excited triplet level to an excited singlet level by thermal activation, and
an excited triplet level of at least one of the host material and the TTF material contained in the first light-emitting layer is lower than the excited triplet level of the thermally activated delayed fluorescent material contained in the second light-emitting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,606

QUANTUM DOT LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND QUANTUM DOT LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A quantum dot light emitting device comprising:a first electrode and a second electrode;
a quantum dot light emitting layer interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a filling layer located on the quantum dot light emitting layer and embedded in the quantum dot light emitting layer,
wherein the filling layer has a thickness less than 5 nanometers (nm).

US Pat. No. 10,658,605

LIGHT EMITTING ASSEMBLY AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A light emitting assembly comprising:a plurality of pixels, wherein each of the plurality of pixels comprises:
a switching transistor that transfers a data voltage in response to a scan signal;
a storage capacitor that stores the data voltage transferred by the switching transistor;
a driving transistor coupled to a first power supply voltage line, and that generates a driving current based on the data voltage stored in the storage capacitor;
a plurality of light emitting elements that emit light based on the driving current, the light emitting elements having an ohmic contact resistance at anodes and cathodes of the light emitting elements;
a first sensing transistor that couples the light emitting elements to a sensing line in response to a sensing signal when a sensing operation for sensing the ohmic contact resistance of the light emitting elements is performed; and
a second sensing transistor that decouples the light emitting elements from a second power supply voltage line in response to an inverted sensing signal when the sensing operation is performed,
wherein the sensing signal is different from the scan signal, and
wherein the sensing signal having a voltage level to turn the first sensing transistor do not overlap the scan signal having the voltage level.

US Pat. No. 10,658,604

LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, DISPLAY DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND LIGHTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light-emitting element comprising:a light-emitting layer comprising:
a first organic compound; and
a second organic compound,
wherein one of the first organic compound and the second organic compound has a LUMO level higher than or equal to a LUMO level of the other of the first organic compound and the second organic compound, and has a HOMO level higher than or equal to a HOMO level of the other of the first organic compound and the second organic compound,
wherein the first organic compound is configured to convert triplet excitation energy into light emission, and
wherein a relation 0 eV

US Pat. No. 10,658,603

ELECTRODE AND AN ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE USING THE SAME

Kunshan New Flat Panel Di...

1. An electrode, comprising a first layer and a second layer arranged in a stacked manner, the first layer is an alkali earth metal alloy layer, and the second layer has a work function of 2.0 eV to 3.5 eV, wherein the second layer is a Yb2O3 layer, a doped layer of YbN and Yb, or a doped layer of Yb and Ce2O.

US Pat. No. 10,658,602

ORGANIC EL ELEMENT PRODUCTION METHOD AND ORGANIC EL ELEMENT HAVING CONDUCTIVE MEMBER ON EXTERNAL CONNECTION AREA OF FIRST ELECTRODE

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. An organic EL element comprising:a supporting substrate;
a first electrode section provided on a main surface of the supporting substrate;
an organic EL section provided on the first electrode section and including a light-emitting layer; and
a second electrode section provided on the organic EL section and configured to supply electric power to the organic EL section in conjunction with the first electrode section,
wherein the first electrode section includes:
an organic EL section arrangement area on which the organic EL section is arranged; and
an external connection area being in contact with the organic EL section arrangement area in a predetermined direction and for externally connecting the organic EL section arrangement area, and
wherein a conductive member is provided on the external connection area, arranged apart from the second electrode section in the predetermined direction, and formed of the same material as a material of the second electrode section,
wherein the organic EL element further comprises a sealing member provided on the second electrode section, the conductive member and a clearance between the second electrode section and the conductive member,
wherein a width of the sealing member is shorter than a width of the supporting substrate in the predetermined direction, and
wherein, when the organic EL element is viewed from a thickness direction thereof, a side of an end of the second electrode section opposite to the clearance and a side of an end of the conductive member opposite to the clearance in the predetermined direction are exposed from the sealing member.

US Pat. No. 10,658,601

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

SHANGHAI TIANMA AM-OLED C...

1. An organic light-emitting display panel, comprising:an array substrate comprising a plurality of driving units; and
a plurality of organic light-emitting units arranged to correspond to the plurality of driving units, wherein each of the plurality of organic light-emitting units comprises an anode, a cathode, and an organic functional layer arranged between the anode and the cathode,
wherein the organic functional layer comprises an organic light-emitting layer, a first electron transmission layer arranged between the cathode and the organic light-emitting layer, and a first hole transmission layer arranged between the anode and the organic light-emitting layer;
wherein the first electron transmission layer comprises a first electron transmission matrix and a first dopant, the first dopant comprising one or more substances selected from a group consisting of an alkaline earth metal element and a rare earth metal element; and
wherein the organic light-emitting layer comprises a blue light-emitting layer comprising a blue host material, and an electron mobility and a hole mobility of the blue host material satisfy:
the electron mobility of the blue host material>(the hole mobility of the blue host material)×102 under an electric field of 0.2 MV/cm.

US Pat. No. 10,658,600

METHOD OF FABRICATING FLEXIBLE SUBSTRATE HAVING LAMINATED MATERIAL MADE OF SILICON OXIDE AND AMORPHOUS SILICON

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A fabricating method of a flexible substrate, comprising the following steps:step 1: fabricating a first flexible base;
step 2: fabricating at least one layer of a laminated material made of silicon oxide and amorphous silicon on the first flexible base;
step 3: performing a dehydrogenation treatment to heat the laminated material and the first flexible base; and
step 4: fabricating a second flexible base on the laminated material to obtain a flexible substrate;
wherein a thickness of the first flexible base is greater than a thickness of the second flexible base, and a material of the first flexible base and the second flexible base is polyimide;
wherein the dehydrogenation treatment is performed under a protective atmosphere, a heating temperature under the protective atmosphere is of 420-550° C. and the heating time is of 15-60 min; and
wherein the first flexible base in step 1 and the second flexible base in step 4 are specifically fabricated by coating and curing, a curing temperature is higher than 20° C. and lower than the heating temperature during the dehydrogenation treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,658,599

SEMICONDUCTING MATERIAL AND NAPHTHOFURANE MATRIX COMPOUND FOR IT

Novaled GmbH, Dresden (D...

1. Semiconducting material comprisingan electron transport matrix compound comprising at least one electron transporting structural moiety and at least one polar structural moiety, the at least one polar structural moiety being selected
a) from a structural moiety consisting of one atom of 15th group of the Periodic Table and one atom of 16th group of the Periodic Table linked together by a covalent bond, or
b) from a heteroaryl that is unsubstituted and selected from pyridine-2-yl, pyridine-4-yl, quinoline-4-yl, or 1,3,5-triazine-2-yl, or
c) from a benzimidazolyl moiety having formula (Ia) or (Ib)

wherein the dashed line represents the bond attaching the benzimidazolyl moiety of formula (Ia) or (Ib) to other structural moieties of the molecule, R1 and R2 are selected from
(i) C1-C24 alkyl,
(ii) C3-C24 cycloalkyl,
(iii) C6-C24 aryl,
(iv) C7-C24 arylalkyl,
(v) C3-C24 heteroalkyl or C4-C24 heterocycloalkyl or C8-C24 aryl-heteroalkyl each comprising at least one heteroatom selected from Si or Ge,
(vi) C2-C24 heteroalkyl or C3-C24 heterocycloalkyl or C7-C24 aryl-heteroalkyl each comprising at least one heteroatom selected from B or P, or
(vii) C2-C24 heteroaryl comprising up to 4 heteroatoms independently selected from N, O, or S; wherein
the at least one electron transporting structural moiety comprises a benzo-naphthofurane structural moiety,
wherein the benzonaphthofurane structural moiety is a dinaphthofurane structural moiety and the dinaphthofurane structural moiety has the structure according to formula (II)

US Pat. No. 10,658,598

FLUORINATED AROMATIC SMALL MOLECULES AS FUNCTIONAL ADDITIVES FOR DISPERSION OF CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS

1. A composition comprisingI) at least one conductive polymer, wherein the conductive polymer comprises a complex of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) and polystyrenesulfonic acid (PSS),
II) water, and
III) at least one compound selected from the group consisting of formulae Xa to Xf, or a salt thereof

US Pat. No. 10,658,597

ORGANIC ELECTRONIC ELEMENT COMPRISING COMPOUND FOR ORGANIC ELECTRONIC ELEMENT, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE THEREOF

DUK SAN NEOLUX CO., LTD.,...

1. A compound represented by Formula 1:
wherein
X and Y are independently O or S,
Ar1 and Ar2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a C6-C60 aryl group, a fluorenyl group and combinations thereof,
q is an integer of 2, wherein Ar1s and Ar2s may be the same or different,
L is selected from the group consisting of a C6-C60 arylene group, a fluorenylene group, a fused ring group of a C3-C60 aliphatic ring and a C6-C60 aromatic ring, and a C2-C60 heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, S, Si, and P,
R1 to R4 are i) each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halogen, a C6-C60 aryl group, a fluorenyl group, a C2-C60 heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, S, Si, and P, a fused ring group of a C3-C60 aliphatic ring and a C6-C60 aromatic ring, C1-C50 alkyl group, C2-C20 alkenyl group, C2-C20 alkynyl group, C1-C30 alkoxy group, C6-C30 aryloxy group, -L?-N(Ra)(Rb) and combinations thereof, or ii) at least one of adjacent R1s to R4s, when m, n, o and p are each an integer of 2 or more, may optionally form a ring, and R1 to R4 not forming a ring are the same as defined above,
m and n are each an integer from 0 to 4, o and p are each an integer of 0 to 3, when m, n, o and p are each an integer of 2 or more, each of plural R1s, R2s, R3s and R4s may be the same or different,
L? is selected from the group consisting of a single bond, a C6-C60 arylene group, a fluorenylene group, a fused ring group of a C3-C60 aliphatic ring and a C6-C60 aromatic ring, and C2-C60 heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, S, Si, and P, and
Ra and Rb may be each independently selected from the group consisting of a C6-C60 aryl group, a fluorenyl group, a fused ring group of a C3-C60 aliphatic ring and a C6-C60 aromatic ring, and a C2-C60 heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, S, Si, and P,
where Ar1 and Ar2 are the aryl group or fluorenyl group, Ar1 and Ar2 are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of deuterium, halogen, a silane group, a siloxane group, a boron group, a germanium group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a C1-C20 alkylthio group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C2-C20 alkenyl group, a C2-C20 alkynyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, a C6-C20 aryl group substituted by deuterium, a fluorenyl group, a C3-C20 cycloalkyl group, a C7-C20 arylalkyl group, and a C8-C20 arylalkenyl group,
where L is the arylene group, fluorenylene group, fused ring group or hetero cyclic group, L is optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of deuterium, halogen, a silane group, a siloxane group, a boron group, a germanium group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a C1-C20 alkylthio group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C2-C20 alkenyl group, a C2-C20 alkynyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, a C6-C20 aryl group substituted with deuterium, a fluorenyl group, a C2-C20 heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, S, Si, and P, a C3-C20 cycloalkyl group, a C7-C20 arylalkyl group, and a C8-C20 arylalkenyl group,
where R1 to R4 are the aryl group, fluorenyl group, hetero cyclic group, fused ring group, alkyl group, alkenyl group, alkynyl group, alkoxy group, or aryloxy group, R1 to R4 are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of deuterium, halogen, a silane group, a siloxane group, a boron group, a germanium group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a C1-C20 alkylthio group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C2-C20 alkenyl group, a C2-C20 alkynyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, a C6-C20 aryl group substituted with deuterium, a fluorenyl group, a C2-C20 heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, S, Si, and P, a C3-C20 cycloalkyl group, a C7-C20 arylalkyl group, and a C8-C20 arylalkenyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,658,596

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE

KYUSHU UNIVERSITY, NATION...

1. An organic electroluminescent device comprising an anode, a cathode, and at least one organic layer including a light emitting layer between the anode and the cathode,the light emitting layer containing a first organic compound, a second organic compound, and at least one third organic compound that satisfy the following expressions (A) and (B), the second organic compound being a delayed fluorescent material, the second organic compound having an energy difference ?Est between a lowest singlet excited state and a lowest triplet excited state at 77 K of 0.3 eV or less, and the third organic compound being a light emitting material:
ES1(A)>ES1(B)>ES1(C)  (A)
 wherein ES1(A) represents a lowest singlet excitation energy level of the first organic compound; ES1(B) represents a lowest singlet excitation energy level of the second organic compound; and ES1(C) represents a lowest singlet excitation energy level of the third organic compound;
ET1(A)>ET1(B)  (B)
 wherein ET1(A) represents a lowest triplet excitation energy level at 77 K of the first organic compound; and ET1(B) represents a lowest triplet excitation energy level at 77 K of the second organic compound.

US Pat. No. 10,658,595

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting diode comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode facing the first electrode;
a light emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode;
an electron injection layer between the second electrode and the light emission layer;
a hole transport layer between the light emission layer and the first electrode; and
a hole injection layer between the hole transport layer and the first electrode,
wherein the electron injection layer comprises a dipolar material comprising a combination of a first component and a second component having different polarities and a first metal that is distinct from the first component and the second component,
wherein the first component comprises one selected from the group consisting of alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, rare earth metals, and transition metals of the periodic table, and
the hole injection layer comprises a dipolar material in which a metal or a non-metal having a work function of 4.3 eV or more is combined with a halogen.

US Pat. No. 10,658,594

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE DEVICE AND NOVEL COMPOUND

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. A compound represented by the following formula (3-I):
wherein in the formula (3-I),
one or more pairs of adjacent two or more of R1 to R7 and R10 to R16 may form a substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or unsaturated ring;
R1 to R7 and R10 to R16 that do not form the substituted or unsubstituted, saturated or unsaturated ring are independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl group including 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl group including 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group including 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group including 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group including 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group including 7 to 50 carbon atoms, —Si(R31)(R32)(R33), —C(?O)R34, —COOR35, —N(R36)(R37), a halogen atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group including 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms or a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent heterocyclic group including 5 to 50 ring atoms, provided that one couple selected from R2 and R11, R4 and R13, and R5 and R14 are both —N(R36)(R37),
R17 is a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl group including 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl group including 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group including 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group including 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group including 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group including 7 to 50 carbon atoms, —Si(R31)(R32)(R33), —C(?O)R34, —COOR35, —N(R36)(R37), a halogen atom, a cyano group, a nitro group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group including 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms or a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent heterocyclic group including 5 to 50 ring atoms;
two R17s may be the same or different;
R31 to R35 are independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group including 1 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group including 3 to 50 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group including 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms or a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent heterocyclic group including 5 to 50 ring atoms;
R36 and R37 are independently a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group including 6 to 50 ring carbon atoms or a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent heterocyclic group including 5 to 50 ring atoms, provided that at least one of R36 and R37 is a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent heterocyclic group including 5 to 50 ring atoms;
when each of R31 to R37 is present in plural, each of the plural R31s to R37s may be the same or different.

US Pat. No. 10,658,593

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD, Seo...

1. An organic light emitting display device, comprising:at least one light emitting part between an anode and a cathode, the at least one light emitting part having at least one organic layer and a light emitting layer,
wherein the at least one organic layer comprises a hole injection layer,
wherein the hole injection layer comprises a compound represented by Chemical Formula 2:

in the Chemical Formula 2, R1 to R6 include independently one among hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group with 6 to 12 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 heteroatoms one among O, N, S, and Si, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted ether group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a cyano group, a fluorine group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, and a trimethylsilyl group, and at least one of R1 to R6 comprises a cyano group, and
in Chemical Formula 2, Z1 and Z2 are independently represented by the following Chemical Formula 3:

where A and B independently represent one among a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group with 6 to 12 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms and 1 to 4 heteroatoms one among O, N, S, and Si, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted ether group with 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a cyano group, a fluorine group, a trifluoromethyl group, a trifluoromethoxy group, and a trimethylsilyl group,
wherein Z1 and Z2 are attached via a double bond between a carbon atom bound to A and B of Chemical Formula 3 and the indacene ring of Chemical Formula 2.

US Pat. No. 10,658,592

METHOD FOR FABRICATING FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE, FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE, AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A method for fabricating a flexible display device, comprising:disposing a separation layer on a surface of a baseboard;
disposing a flexible substrate on a surface of the separation layer away from the baseboard;
disposing a display assembly on a surface of the flexible substrate away from the separation layer;
separating the flexible substrate from the separation layer to obtain the flexible display device; and
wherein an adhesion between the flexible substrate and the surface of the baseboard is greater than an adhesion between the separation layer and the surface of the flexible substrate, an adhesion between the separation layer and the surface of the baseboard is greater than the adhesion between the separation layer and the surface of the flexible substrate;
wherein, disposing a display assembly on a surface of the flexible substrate away from the separation layer comprises: depositing an inorganic film layer, a flexible baseplate, a barrier layer, a buffer layer, a display panel, and an encapsulation layer sequentially on the surface of the flexible substrate away from the separation layer;
wherein, the step of separating the flexible substrate from the separation layer further comprises:
cutting boundaries of the separation layer and the flexible substrate by laser to form cutting lines; wherein, the cutting lines cut sequentially into the encapsulation layer, the display panel, the buffer layer, the barrier layer, the flexible baseplate, the inorganic film layer, the flexible substrate and the separation layer to reduce film shrinkage.

US Pat. No. 10,658,591

METHOD FOR PRODUCING DEPOSITION MASK

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A method for producing a deposition mask including a quadrangular mask substrate secured so as to define an xy plane and a plurality of active region formation portions provided on the mask substrate and arrayed in p rows by q columns, the plurality of active region formation portions each including a plurality of openings arrayed in m rows by n columns, the method comprising:a step of preparing the mask substrate secured so as to define the xy plane; and
an opening formation step of forming the plurality of active region formation portions on the mask substrate, wherein
the mask substrate includes a resin layer and the opening formation step includes a step of directing laser light to the resin layer to form the plurality of openings, and wherein
the opening formation step includes:
step A of forming openings of “a” number of continual columns included in a first region including at least the (n/2)th column or the {(n+1)/2}th column;
step B of forming openings of “b” number of continual columns included in a second region adjacent to the first region in a ?x direction with a first gap region being sandwiched between the first region and the second region, the first gap region including “sa” number of continual columns; and
step C of forming openings of “c” number of continual columns included in a third region adjacent to the first region in an x direction with a second gap region being sandwiched between the first region and the third region, the second gap region including “sb” number of continual columns; and
the step B and the step C are performed after the step A.

US Pat. No. 10,658,590

TECHNIQUES FOR FORMING RRAM CELLS

International Business Ma...

1. A method of forming a resistive random access memory (RRAM) device, the method comprising the steps of:providing an underlayer disposed on a substrate;
patterning trenches in the underlayer;
forming bottom electrodes at two different levels of the underlayer whereby the bottom electrodes comprise first bottom electrodes at bottoms of the trenches and second bottom electrodes along a top surface of the underlayer in between the trenches;
depositing an insulating layer on the first and second bottom electrodes; and
forming top electrodes on the insulating layer over the first and second bottom electrodes, wherein the top electrodes comprise word lines, wherein the first and second bottom electrodes comprise bit lines that are orthogonal to the word lines, and wherein the first and second bottom electrodes, the insulating layer, and the top electrodes form the RRAM device having an array of cells, each cell comprising one of the first or second bottom electrodes separated from one of the top electrodes by the insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,589

ALIGNMENT THROUGH TOPOGRAPHY ON INTERMEDIATE COMPONENT FOR MEMORY DEVICE PATTERNING

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of fabricating a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming a conductive interconnect in a first area of the semiconductor device;
depositing a first electrode layer on the conductive interconnect;
depositing a film comprising a non-metallic material on the first electrode layer, and removing a portion of the film to form an alignment assisting marker in a second area of the semiconductor device, the alignment assisting marker being a raised portion of the film arranged directly on the first electrode layer;
depositing a dielectric layer and a second electrode layer on the alignment assisting marker in the second area and on the conductive interconnect in the first area;
depositing a hard mask layer on the dielectric layer and the second electrode layer to create a raised area of topography over the alignment assisting marker;
depositing and patterning a resist on the hard mask layer, using the raised area of topography created by the hard mask layer over the alignment assisting marker to align the resist over the conductive interconnect in the first area of the semiconductor device; and
etching to form a memory stack over the conductive interconnect by transferring the pattern of the resist into the first electrode layer, the dielectric layer, and the second electrode layer in the first area of the semiconductor device.

US Pat. No. 10,658,588

MEMORY CELL SWITCH DEVICE

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A method for producing a first electrode of a memory cell, comprising:depositing a layer of TiN on a substrate;
depositing a layer of AlN on the substrate;
repeating the steps of depositing a layer of TiN and of depositing a layer of AlN multiple times; and
after repeating the steps of depositing a layer of TiN and of depositing a layer of AlN multiple times, performing NH3 annealing of the deposited layers,
wherein the first electrode includes titanium aluminum nitride (TiAlN).

US Pat. No. 10,658,587

CEM SWITCHING DEVICE

Arm Limited, Cambridge (...

1. A method for the manufacture of a CEM switching device, which method comprises forming a conductive substrate and forming a layer of correlated electron material (CEM) on or over the conductive substrate, wherein the forming of the CEM layer comprises forming a layer of a correlated electron material comprising a doped metal compound of a d- or f-block element comprising ions of the same d- or f-block element in different oxidation states and less than 5 atom % of free d- or f-block element, the free d- or f-block element being unbound and in a zero oxidation state.

US Pat. No. 10,658,586

RRAM DEVICES AND THEIR METHODS OF FABRICATION

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a conductive interconnect disposed in a dielectric layer above a substrate;
a resistive random access memory (RRAM) device coupled to the conductive interconnect, the RRAM device comprising:
a bottom electrode disposed above the conductive interconnect and on a portion of the dielectric layer;
a conductive layer disposed on the bottom electrode, the conductive layer separate and distinct from the bottom electrode layer, and a material different from the bottom electrode layer;
a switching layer including a metal oxide and disposed on the conductive layer;
an oxygen exchange layer disposed on the switching layer; and
a top electrode disposed on the oxygen exchange layer.

US Pat. No. 10,658,585

DEDICATED CONTACTS FOR CONTROLLED ELECTROFORMING OF MEMORY CELLS IN RESISTIVE RANDOM-ACCESS MEMORY ARRAY

International Business Ma...

1. A memory device, comprising:a lower conductive line disposed in an interlayer dielectric layer;
a lower electrode disposed on the lower conductive line;
an isolation layer to isolate the lower electrode, wherein an upper surface of the isolation layer is coplanar with an upper surface of the lower electrode;
a stack structure disposed on the lower electrode, wherein the stack structure comprises a metal-oxide layer disposed on the lower electrode, and an upper electrode disposed on the metal-oxide layer;
insulating spacers disposed on sidewalls of the stack structure;
wherein the lower electrode, the metal-oxide layer, and the upper electrode comprise a resistive memory cell, and wherein the lower electrode has a footprint which is greater than a footprint of the upper electrode;
an upper conductive line disposed in contact with the upper electrode, wherein the upper conductive line is arranged orthogonal to the lower conductive line; and
a dedicated electroforming contact in contact with an extended portion of the lower electrode which extends past a cross-point of the upper and lower conductive lines.

US Pat. No. 10,658,584

ELECTROCHEMICALLY ACTUATABLE ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE ACTUATABLE ELECTRONIC COMPONENT

1. An electrochemically actuatable electronic component comprising:a substrate;
at least one first and one second actuating electrodes;
at least one first and one second measuring electrodes that are electrically independent from the first and second actuating electrodes;
at least one storing electrode configured to free ions under the action of the actuating electrodes;
at least one ionic conductor that is able to conduct said ions and that is located in a region placed between said measuring electrodes;
said measuring electrodes being configured to measure at least one characteristic of said region placed between the first and second measuring electrodes;
a device suitable for:
applying a voltage or a current between the first and second actuating electrodes in order to allow either the migration of ions from the storing electrode to the first actuating electrode forming thereon an electrochemical deposition through the ionic conductor or the at least partial dissolution of the electrochemical deposition and
for measuring, between the first and second measuring electrodes, a modification of at least one characteristic of the region placed between the first and second measuring electrodes, induced by the formation of the electrochemical deposition or by the at least partial dissolution thereof, so as to determine at least one characteristic of said electronic component.

US Pat. No. 10,658,583

FORMING RRAM CELL STRUCTURE WITH FILAMENT CONFINEMENT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for forming a memory device with confined filament, comprising:forming at least one set of self-aligned corner tips of at least one set of bottom electrodes;
depositing at least one set of top electrodes intersecting the bottom electrodes, wherein a dielectric is formed as a resistive random-access memory (RRAM) cell under each intersection of each top electrode and each of bottom electrode; and
depositing at least one set of contacts to contact the at least one set of electrodes.