1. A non-aqueous electrolyte for a lithium-ion battery comprising a lithium salt and an additive in an organic solvent; wherein the solvent comprises one or more solvent selected from a linear dialkyl carbonate, a cyclic alkylene carbonate, a sulfolane, a sulfone, a fluoro-substituted linear dialkyl carbonate, a fluoro-substituted cyclic alkylene carbonate, a fluoro-substituted sulfolane, and a fluoro-substituted sulfone; and wherein the additive comprises a compound of Formula (I):
R1 is selected from alkyl and substituted-alkyl;
X is selected from halogen, alkoxy, cyano, sulfonyl, sulfonylamido, carboxylic acid, carboxylic ester, and carboxylic amide;
R2 and R3 each independently is Si(R4)3, or R2 and R3 together are Si(R5)2;
each R4 and R5 independently is selected from alkyl, phenyl, and alkoxy; and
each substituted-alkyl comprises an alkyl moiety substituted with one or more substituent group selected from alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxy, halogen, amino, alkoxy, carboxylic acid, carboxylic ester, carboxylic amide, phenyl, sulfonic acid, and phosphonic acid.