US Pat. No. 10,461,545

BATTERY SYSTEM

Hitachi Chemical Company,...

1. A battery system that connects a first battery and a second battery in parallel through a switch, the battery system comprising:an estimator which estimates a charging current of the first battery at least from an internal resistance of the first battery; and
an estimator which estimates a charging current of the second battery at least from an internal resistance of the second battery,
wherein the switch is switched between the first battery and the second battery based on the charging current of the first battery and the charging current of the second battery such that a sum of a stored charge in the first battery and a stored charge in the second battery increases,
wherein the procedure switches the switch once during a regenerative charging,
wherein, in a case that a regeneration time is T, a charging time of the second battery is ?, and a first charging time is T??, where T is greater than ?, the second battery first is charged, and the switch is switched to the first battery at the timing ? at which a charge amount of the first battery and a charge amount of the second battery are maximum, and
wherein ? is a time t from a start of charge and the switch is switched so as to select the first battery after the time t has elapsed from the start of charge.

US Pat. No. 10,461,544

METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING ERROR OF CELL BALANCING

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for diagnosing an error in a cell balancing circuit configured to constantly maintain a plurality of cell voltages of a battery, comprising:a first step of calculating a cell balancing residual time (trd_1) based on a cell balancing required time (trq_1) and a cell balancing performing time (tpf_1) in a previous driving;
a second step of confirming a cell balancing required time (trq_2) in a current driving after the first step;
a third step of calculating a time deviation (tdev) based on the cell balancing required time (trq_2) of the second step and the cell balancing residual time (trd_1) of the first step;
a fourth step of deciding whether or not an error has occurred in the cell balancing circuit based on a ratio between the time deviation (tdev) and the cell balancing performing time (tpf_1); and
a fifth step of operating the cell balancing circuit in a case in which the error does not occur in the fourth step,
wherein in the fourth step, it is decided that the error has occurred in the cell balancing circuit when the ratio between the time deviation (tdev) and the cell balancing performing time (tpf_1) satisfies any one of following ranges:

US Pat. No. 10,461,543

WIRELESSLY RECHARGEABLE BATTERY AND COMPONENTS THEREOF

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A device for charging a battery, the device comprising:first and second receiver coils having magnetic axes oriented transverse to one another;
a third receiver coil having a magnetic axis transverse to the magnetic axes of the first and second receiver coils; and
a cylindrical outer casing having a base and a side wall,
wherein the third receiver coil is adapted to couple to a transmitter coil when the side wall is oriented perpendicular to a magnetic axis of the transmitter coil.

US Pat. No. 10,461,542

POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK

GE AVIATION SYSTEMS LLC, ...

1. A power system comprising:a first power source and a second power source arranged in a series to define a power source series;
a first electrical load and a second electrical load arranged in series with to define a load series, the load series in series with the power source series; and
a set of bypass current paths, each independently associated with one of at least a subset of: the first power source, the second power source, the first electrical load, and the second electrical load, and wherein the set of bypass current paths are configured to be selectably enabled to allow current to bypass a pair of components comprising at least one of the first power source and the second power source, and at least one of the first electrical load and the second electrical load.

US Pat. No. 10,461,541

SOLAR POWER GENERATION CONTROL DEVICE AND SOLAR POWER GENERATION SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A solar power generation control device configured to control power generated by a solar panel mounted on a vehicle by a maximum power point tracking method, the solar power generation control device comprising:a memory configured to store illuminances on a panel surface of the solar panel and output voltages of the solar panel at which the power generated by the solar panel is maximized at the corresponding illuminances, the illuminances and the output voltages being associated with each other;
acquisition circuitry configured to acquire a travelling speed of the vehicle, a present illuminance on the panel surface, and first information indicating an illuminance in a prescribed area ahead of the vehicle;
calculation circuitry configured to calculate a predicted illuminance on the panel surface based on the first information and the travelling speed, the predicted illuminance being an illuminance on the panel surface after a lapse of a prescribed length of time from a present time; and
control circuitry configured to
i) calculate an absolute value of a difference between a first output voltage at which maximum power is obtained at the present illuminance, and a second output voltage at which maximum power is obtained at the predicted illuminance, with reference to information stored in the memory,
ii) determine whether the absolute value of the difference exceeds a prescribed threshold, and
iii) correct, when the absolute value of the difference is determined to exceed the prescribed threshold, an output voltage of the solar panel such that the output voltage of the solar panel coincides with the second output voltage upon the lapse of the prescribed length of time, to execute maximum power point tracking control.

US Pat. No. 10,461,540

SCALABLE FLEXIBILITY CONTROL OF DISTRIBUTED LOADS IN A POWER GRID

GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLO...

1. A system, comprising:a load controller of distributed load controllers, the load controller coupled to manage a power-consuming load that consumes power supplied via a consumer supply device of a power grid, wherein the load controller manages the load to satisfy the load's quality of service constraint or constraints,
wherein the load controller is communicatively coupled to an aggregator that aggregates data sent by the load controller and received from one or more other distributed load controllers of the distributed load controllers, the data comprising initial data that comprises a power range,
wherein the load controller is configured to receive an initial ratio value from the aggregator,
wherein the initial ratio value is based on the power range and other power range data from the one or more other distributed load controllers of the distributed load controllers,
wherein the load controller is further configured to use the initial ratio value to set a local power level to an initial level, and use load-specific information of the power-consuming load to determine condensed information comprising one or more scalar values that represent the load-specific information in a more compact form than the load-specific information, and to communicate the condensed information to the aggregator, wherein the local power level is local to the load controller,
wherein the load controller is further configured to perform iterations based on communication with the aggregator to modify the local power level to approach a specified aggregated load power consumption level until the aggregator determines that the iterations have satisfied a defined condition, and
wherein the iterations are performed to:
receive a step size value and a global value from the aggregator, wherein the step size value and the global value are based on the condensed information and other condensed information from the one or more other distributed load controllers of the distributed load controllers,
determine a step direction,
control the power-consuming load with an adjustment based on the step size value and the step direction to approach the specified aggregated load power consumption level,
re-determine updated condensed information that updates the condensed information and comprises one or more updated scalar values that represent the load-specific information after the adjustment, and
communicate the updated condensed information to the aggregator.

US Pat. No. 10,461,539

CONTROLLING VOLTAGE IN ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION GRID

Vollspark Ltd., Tel Aviv...

1. A system for controlling grid voltage in a power grid, the system comprising:a power line with input leads and output leads, wherein the power line carries alternating current (AC) electrical power between the input and output leads;
a first auxiliary AC/AC power converter with first input conductors and first output conductors, wherein the first auxiliary AC/AC power converter is configured to convert input AC electrical power at the first input conductors to output AC electrical power at the first output conductors, wherein the first auxiliary AC/AC power converter is configured to convert less electrical power than the AC electrical power carried by the power line;
a second auxiliary AC/AC power converter with second input conductors and second output conductors, wherein the second auxiliary AC/AC power converter is configured to convert input AC electrical power at the second input conductors to output AC electrical power at the second output conductors, wherein the second auxiliary AC/AC power converter is configured to convert less electrical power than the AC electrical power carried by the power line;
wherein the first input conductors and the second input conductors respectively of the first and second auxiliary AC/AC power converters are parallel-connected to the input leads of the power line;
wherein the output leads of the power line are series-connected to the output conductors of the first and second auxiliary AC/AC power converters;
wherein the output alternating voltages of the first and second input auxiliary AC/AC power converters add to the output alternating voltage of the power line to control the grid voltage in the power grid.

US Pat. No. 10,461,538

SYSTEM STABILIZATION CONTROL DEVICE AND POWER SYSTEM CONTROL SYSTEM

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A system stabilization control device for controlling a control instrument installed within a power system based on measurement information from a plurality of measurement points within the power system, comprising:an equipment information database for storing information of system equipment that is interconnected with the power system;
a control priority determining unit for determining a control priority of the control instrument based on information of the system equipment;
a control target determining unit for determining a control target based on the measurement information from the plurality of measurement points and the control priority, wherein the control target determining unit determines the control target by using an electrical distance or impedance between the measurement points in which unstable oscillation was observed and the control instrument interconnected points;
a destabilization time calculating unit for calculating destabilization time of the power system from the measurement information from the plurality of measurement points; and
a control time determining unit for determining control time of the control instrument based on the destabilization time and the information of the system equipment, and
wherein the system stabilization control device controls the determined control instrument for the determined control time.

US Pat. No. 10,461,537

METHOD TO DRIVE A POWER CONTROL DEVICE CONNECTED TO UNBALANCED THREE-PHASE LOADS WHEN NO NEUTRAL REFERENCE IS AVAILABLE IN AN ALTERNATIVE ELECTRICAL NETWORK

EUROTHERM LIMITED, Telfo...

1. An unbalanced load manager for a three-phase induction motor or heater comprising:a plurality of current sensors associated with the unbalanced load manager, connect with corresponding phases of a three-phase power system providing power to a three-phase motor or heater, each current sensor configured to provide a value representative of current flow it senses through each corresponding phase of the three-phase power system;
a plurality of voltage taps associated with the unbalanced load manager, connect with the corresponding phases of the three-phase power system providing power to the three-phase motor or heater, with pairs of the voltage taps configured to provide line-to-line voltage between corresponding phases of the three-phase power system;
a memory in the load manager, configured to store a thyristor or SCR firing calculation algorithm; and
a processor in the load manager, coupled to the memory and the plurality of current sensors and voltage taps, configured to:
generate a first time stamp of current transition from positive or negative to zero during a last previous half-period;
generate a second time stamp of line-to-line zero crossing during the last previous half-period;
apply a proportional coefficient to a difference between the first and second time stamps as a phase shift value and adding the phase shift value to a default phase shift as a measured phase shift; and
synchronize firing from line-to-line signal to line-to-neutral signal of phases of the three-phase power system providing power to the motor or heater, using the measured phase shift between line-to-line and current.

US Pat. No. 10,461,536

WIND FARM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A WIND FARM

SENVION SE, Hamburg (DE)...

1. A method for operating a wind farm having a plurality of wind energy installations, each wind energy installation having a control unit that is connected to an internal wind farm network, a substation at which electrical power that is generated on the wind farm is delivered by the internal wind farm network to a power supply network, and a farm master that is connected to the control unit of each wind energy installation of the plurality of wind energy installations, the method comprising:determining, by the farm master, a uniform target voltage value,
transmitting, by the farm master, the uniform target voltage value to the control unit of each wind energy installation of the plurality of wind energy installations,
determining, by a control unit of a wind energy installation of the plurality of wind energy installations, an overall factor for setting the reactive power generated by the wind energy installation, and
setting, by the control unit of the wind energy installation of the plurality of wind energy installations, the reactive power generated by the wind energy installation according to the overall factor to reduce reactive power losses in the internal wind farm network, wherein the overall factor comprises a first factor that is calculated from a difference between an actual voltage present at the wind energy installation and the uniform target voltage value, multiplied by a gain factor, wherein the gain factor comprises a summation of a global gain factor and an individual gain factor for each wind energy installation.

US Pat. No. 10,461,535

POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, POWER MANAGEMENT METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A power management system, comprising:a first administrator configured to manage a residual capacity of a power storage apparatus;
a second administrator configured to manage interruption information that includes an interruption period during which a power grid is in a service interruption state;
a first estimator configured to estimate, as first power information, an amount of power that is consumed by an electric load during the interruption period;
a second estimator configured to estimate, at a start point of the interruption period or before start of the interruption period, an estimation residual capacity based on the first power information,
the estimation residual capacity being the residual capacity of the power storage apparatus at an end point of the interruption period; and
a determiner configured to determine that a condition for participating in a power trade market is met, when the estimation residual capacity exceeds a reference value, and to set an amount of power by which the estimation residual capacity exceeds the reference value, as an upper limit of a power selling amount in the power trade market.

US Pat. No. 10,461,534

STARTING METHOD AND STOPPING METHOD FOR A STATIC SYNCHRONOUS SERIES COMPENSATOR

NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD, Na...

1. A starting method for a static synchronous series compensator (SSSC), the SSSC consisting essentially of a converter, a shunt transformer, a series transformer, and at least one bypass switch of the series transformer, wherein the shunt transformer is connected to an alternating-current line on one end and to the current converter on another end, wherein the shunt transformer comprises an incoming line switch connected to the alternating-current line, wherein the series transformer is connected to the current converter on one end and to a transmission line on another end, wherein the at least one bypass switch is connected to the series transformer and to the transmission, the starting method comprising the following steps:(a1) setting an initial status of starting the SSSC;
(a2) connecting the converter to the shunt transformer, closing an incoming line switch of the shunt transformer, and charging the converter, entering step (a3) after the charging ends;
(a3) disconnecting the converter from the shunt transformer, and connecting the converter to the series transformer, entering step (a4) after current or voltage stabilization;
(a4) deblocking the converter in a zero current control mode of the bypass switch;
(a5) controlling a current of the bypass switch of the series transformer to be gradually reduced below a current threshold, and opening the bypass switch of the series transformer; and
(a6) after the transmission line is stably operated, enabling the SSSC to enter a normal operation mode, thereby completing a starting process.

US Pat. No. 10,461,533

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATED VALIDATION, ESTIMATION, AND EDITING CONFIGURATION

ENEL X NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. An apparatus for configuring validation, estimation, and editing (VEE) rules for performing VEE on a plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, the apparatus comprising:a post VEE readings data stores, configured to provide a plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets that are each associated with a corresponding one of the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, each of said plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets comprising:
first groups of contiguous interval values tagged as having been validated; and
second groups of contiguous interval values tagged as having been edited;
a rules processor, configured to read said post VEE readings data stores upon initiation of an event and, for said each of said plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets, configured to create a plurality of anomalies having a plurality of different durations using only said first groups of contiguous interval values, said first groups of contiguous interval values corresponding to correct data, and configured to generate a plurality of estimates for said plurality of anomalies by employing a plurality of estimation techniques for each of said plurality of different durations, and, for said each of said plurality of different durations, configured to select a corresponding one of said plurality of estimation techniques for subsequent employment when performing VEE of subsequent energy consumption data associated with said each of said plurality of different durations for said corresponding one of the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams; and
a process control element, coupled to said post VEE readings stores, wherein the process control element executes functions on the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams translated by said rules processor, and directs one or more of system elements to change state.

US Pat. No. 10,461,532

SUPPLYING AN ELECTRICAL LOAD WITH ELECTRICAL ENERGY FROM A VOLTAGE SOURCE

OSRAM GMBH, Munich (DE)

1. A circuit assembly for supplying an electrical load with electrical energy from a voltage source, the circuit assembly comprising:an input terminal for connecting to the voltage source,
an output terminal for connecting to the load,
an electrical charge storage for storing electrical charge,
a constant current circuit electrically coupled to the input terminal and the charge storage for supplying the charge storage with a presettable electrical current,
a linear regulator circuit electrically coupled to the charge storage and the output terminal for providing a regulated electrical potential at the output terminal,
a bypass circuit controllable by operation of a control signal, which is electrically coupled to the input terminal and the charge storage in parallel with the constant current circuit, for supplying the charge storage with an electrical bypass current, and
a control unit for providing the control signal,
wherein the control unit is formed to capture an electrical charge storage voltage at the charge storage and to provide the control signal depending on the captured charge storage voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,461,531

ADAPTABLE RECHARGING AND LIGHTING STATION AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

ELEVATE TECHNOLOGIES CORP...

1. A method of controlling battery output and charging, comprising:a. configuring a plurality of batteries installed in a battery receiver of an electronic system in multiple electrical arrangements;
b. measuring the voltage produced by said plurality of batteries in each of said multiple electrical arrangements;
c. identifying the battery chemistry of said plurality of batteries based on the voltage measurements taken in said multiple electrical arrangements;
d. selecting a charge algorithm from a plurality of charge algorithms for charging said plurality of batteries based on said battery chemistry of said plurality of batteries, wherein said electronic system includes a processing unit having an internal memory in which said plurality of charge algorithms are recorded; and
e. charging said plurality of batteries according to said charge algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,461,530

APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR COUPLING POWER ELECTRONICS TO A PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE

Enphase Energy, Inc., Pe...

1. An apparatus for presenting a power output from a photovoltaic (PV) module comprising:a connector assembly comprising:
an encapsulated ribbon egress, integrated with the PV module and extending from the PV module to a connector, comprising a plurality of PV module substring interconnects electrically coupled to a plurality of PV cells of the PV module and extending from the PV module; and
the connector, having a two-pole DC connector plug comprising a two-pole DC electrical output that is electrically coupled to the plurality of PV module substring interconnects, wherein the encapsulated ribbon egress is laminated as part of the PV module backsheet such that a portion of the PV module backsheet extends from the PV module and covers the plurality of PV module substring interconnects.

US Pat. No. 10,461,529

TRIGGER CIRCUITRY FOR ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE (ESD) PROTECTION

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. An electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection circuit in an integrated circuit (IC) comprising:ESD clamping circuitry coupled between a supply rail and a ground rail and configured to discharge an ESD event in an IC in response to an activation signal;
trigger circuitry configured to divide a voltage spike between the supply rail and the ground rail to provide a trigger voltage; and
latch circuitry coupled to the ESD clamping circuitry and the trigger circuitry and configured to:
detect that the trigger voltage exceeds an ESD threshold voltage; and
provide the activation signal to the ESD clamping circuitry to discharge the ESD event in response to detecting the trigger voltage exceeding the ESD threshold voltage;
wherein the trigger circuitry is decoupled from the latch circuitry when the latch circuitry provides the activation signal to the ESD clamping circuitry to discharge the ESD event in the IC.

US Pat. No. 10,461,528

ELECTRICAL BYPASS APPARATUS

General Electric Technolo...

1. An electrical bypass apparatus comprising:first and second terminals for connection across an electrical component;
an electrically-triggered bypass switch being switchable to form a short circuit across the first and second terminals; and
a first control circuit connected between the first and second terminals, the first control circuit including mutually coupled first and second windings, the first winding being isolated from the second winding, the first control circuit being configured to:
inhibit a current flowing between the first and second terminals from flowing through the first winding when a normal operating voltage is present across the first and second terminals; and
permit a current to flow between the first and second terminals and through the first winding when an overvoltage is present across the first and second terminals and thereby induce a current pulse in the second winding,
wherein the second winding is electrically coupled to the electrically-triggered bypass switch such that the current pulse induced in the second winding acts as a switching control signal to close the electrically-triggered bypass switch and thereby form the short circuit across the first and second terminals; and
wherein the first control circuit includes a rectifier connected across the first and second terminals, the rectifier being configured to rectify a voltage present across the first and second terminals and thereby cause a current to flow between the first and second terminals and through the first winding.

US Pat. No. 10,461,527

BATTERY POWER LIMITING CIRCUIT AND METHOD

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A battery protection circuit comprising:a first current limiting switch provided in a current path of a battery and coupled to a first current limiting controller to limit a current output by the battery;
a second current limiting switch provided on the current path in series with the first current limiting switch and coupled to a second current limiting controller to limit the current output by the battery;
a voltage divider connected across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch and including:
a first resistor and a second resistor connected in series, and
a control output provided between the first resistor and the second resistor and coupled to the first current limiting switch, the control output configured to provide a control signal that opens the first current limiting switch when a voltage across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch exceeds a predetermined threshold; and
a second voltage divider connected across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch and including:
a third resistor and a fourth resistor connected in series, and
a second control output provided between the third resistor and the fourth resistor and coupled to the second current limiting switch, the second control output configured to provide a second control signal that opens the second current limiting switch when the voltage across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch exceeds the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,461,526

EXPLOSION PROTECTION CIRCUIT WITH IMPEDANCE MATCHING

1. Field device for monitoring at least one physical or chemical process variable, comprising:at least one transformer;
at least one sensor unit;
an electronics unit for signal registration, evaluation and/or feeding; and
an explosion protection circuit, wherein:
said at least one sensor unit is operated with alternating electrical current and/or communication between said electronics unit and said at least one sensor unit occurs with alternating electrical current and/or alternating voltage;
said explosion protection circuit with intrinsic safety, which includes a safety barrier, which has at least one unit for electrical current and voltage limiting, said explosion protection circuit is arranged fixedly between said at least one sensor unit and said electronics unit, and,
there is provided within said explosion protection circuit a unit for impedance matching, which unit for impedance matching includes said at least one transformer;
wherein said at least one sensor unit has at least one piezoelement,
and wherein said unit for voltage limiting includes at least one coil,
wherein said piezoelement with said unit for voltage limiting are shockproof against a mechanical impact with an energy of 7 Joule according to DIN EN60079-11.

US Pat. No. 10,461,525

FAULT CURRENT LIMITING CONTROL AND PROTECTION COORDINATION METHOD FOR CONVERTER OF FLEXIBLE DIRECT CURRENT POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM OPERATING IN ISLANDING STATE

NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD, Ji...

1. A fault current limiting control and protection coordination method for a converter of a flexible direct current transmission system operating in an islanding state, characterized in that: coordinating a value of an output current of the converter with a set operating value for an AC line overcurrent protection, wherein:once a fault of a connected AC system is detected, a current output command limit Imax for the converter is set equal to or not more than 1.5 times a value for an AC line overcurrent protection section III; a set value for an AC line overcurrent protection section I is set smaller than a set value for a converter bridge arm overcurrent protection section I; the converter bridge arm overcurrent protection section I is set considering an instantaneous overload capability of the converter; a set value for a proximal AC line overcurrent protection section II is set larger than a set value for a converter bridge arm overcurrent protection section II, and a delay for the proximal AC line overcurrent protection section II is shorter than a delay for the converter bridge arm overcurrent protection section II and the converter bridge arm overcurrent protection section II works as a backup; a set value for a distal AC line overcurrent protection section II is set smaller than the set value for the converter bridge arm overcurrent protection section II, and the converter bridge arm overcurrent protection section II is used as a remote backup.

US Pat. No. 10,461,524

PORTABLE INVERTER CONNECTION CONTROL SYSTEM

Workshops for Warriors, ...

1. A system for connecting an inverter supply to a load center, comprising:an inverter side breaker and monitor, comprising power monitoring circuitry and switching circuitry, wherein:
the power monitoring circuitry connects to a load center and monitors for power faults in a grid power feed connected to the load center by a grid side breaker that connects, in a first grid side breaker state, a grid power feed to the load center, wherein the grid power feed includes at least one hot conductor and a neutral conductor, and disconnects the grid power mains from the load center in a second grid side breaker state; and
in response to not detecting a power fault, the power monitoring circuitry:
precludes connection of the switching circuitry for a connection time delay;
after the connection time delay has expired, determines whether a power fault is detected, and in response to not detecting a power fault, then connects by the switching circuitry, after the connection time delay, an inverter supply to the load center by connecting a hot conductor of the inverter supply to a hot conductor of the load center, a neutral conductor of the inverter supply to the neutral conductor of the load center, and a ground conductor of the inverter supply to a ground conductor of the load center.

US Pat. No. 10,461,523

ELECTROMAGNETIC STREAMER SAFETY

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A system, comprising:a control circuit configured to be coupled to a constant-current power supply unit (PSU) that is operable to supply power to a plurality of loads that are in a series configuration;
wherein the control circuit is configured to:
detect an unexpected change in an output associated with the constant-current PSU; and
power down the constant-current PSU based on a magnitude and a duration of the unexpected change in output;
wherein the control circuit comprises a microcontroller configured to:
monitor a current output by the constant-current PSU via a current sensor coupled to an analog-to-digital controller;
monitor a voltage across a first and second rail of the constant-current PSU via respective first and second resistors; and
monitor, via an isolating circuit, a voltage between a given one of the first and second rails and ground.

US Pat. No. 10,461,522

PROTECTION DEVICE AND PROTECTION SYSTEM

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A protection device for a power converter provided between a DC line forming a DC power transmission system and an AC system, the protection device comprising:a current input unit configured to receive an input of an AC current value obtained between a transformer connected to the AC system and the power converter capable of converting AC power into DC power;
a current change rate input unit configured to receive an input of a change rate of a direct current detected by an air core coil provided between the DC line and the power converter, the DC line receiving DC power from the power converter;
a fault determination unit configured to determine whether a fault occurs or not in one of the power converter and the DC line, based on the AC current value received by the current input unit and the change rate received by the current change rate input unit; and
an output unit configured to output information for protecting the power converter based on a determination result of the fault determination unit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,520

CONTROLLABLE TEST-PULSE WIDTH AND POSITION FOR SELF-TEST GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. An electrical wiring device comprising:a fault detection circuit configured to detect real, simulated and test fault conditions; and
a test fault circuit configured to generate one or more test pulses that cause said test fault condition, wherein said one or more test pulses are generated to occur approximately five milliseconds after a leading edge of a positive half-cycle of AC power.

US Pat. No. 10,461,519

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING AND IDENTIFYING ARCING

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A system for detecting and identifying arcing comprising:a current transformer converting a current from a load to a proportional voltage;
a first analog-to-digital current converter converting the current to a digitized current at a sample frequency;
a second analog-to-digital voltage converter converting the proportional voltage to a digitized voltage at the sample frequency;
a logic circuitry including non-transitory computer-readable medium storing computer readable instructions and one or more processors coupled to said non-transitory computer readable medium, and when executing said computer readable instructions said logic circuitry:
determines a waveform of a cycle of a primary load current based on the digitized current; and
determines at least one noise signal according to the determined waveform of the cycle of the primary load current and the digitized current; and
a comparator circuit setting a time window within a cycle of the digitized voltage by setting a start time and a stop time of a time interval based on voltage amplitude at the start time and the stop time being within a predetermined value of the peak voltage of the waveform of the cycle of the digitized voltage;
wherein the logic circuitry when executing said computer readable instructions:
determines a probability density of the at least one noise signal according to the time window set by the comparator circuit;
compares the probability density of the at least one noise signal with at least one model probability density stored on the non-transitory computer readable medium; and
generates an output indicative of a positive arc detection based on the comparing when the time window is set based on values of the digitized voltage indicative of the arc.

US Pat. No. 10,461,518

GROUNDING SYSTEM

Cambria County Associatio...

1. A transmission assembly structured to support current wire extending between an installation source assembly and an installation receiving assembly, said transmission assembly comprising:a support assembly, said a support assembly including a number of conductive piles and a number of cable hangers;
each said conductive pile structured to support a multi-function line assembly at an elevation above the ground;
each said cable hanger structured to be coupled to a multi-function line and structured to support a current wire;
a grounding system, said grounding system including a multi-function line assembly and a number of conductive mounting assemblies;
each of said conductive mounting assemblies structured to be coupled to said multi-function line and to a conductive pile;
said multi-function line assembly including a multi-function line; and
said multi-function line is coupled to, and in electrical communication with, said number of conductive mounting assemblies and each of said cable hangers.

US Pat. No. 10,461,517

PROTECTIVE HOUSING FOR AN ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION AND ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION INCLUDING SUCH A HOUSING

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUST...

1. An electrically insulating protection box for an electric installation comprising at least one electric busbar, the protection box including at least two casings wherein each casing includes inside surfaces intended to surround at least a part of the busbar at a junction zone, at least 50% of the area of said inside surfaces being a contact surface in direct contact with an electrically conducting element of the junction zone, said protection box being manufactured with an additive manufacturing process, wherein the junction zone includes a fastener element for securing said busbar to an electrically conducting element in the junction zone, and wherein the contact surface includes a hollowed portion that delimits a housing for accommodating a head of the fastener element, and wherein the fastener element comprises a screw.

US Pat. No. 10,461,515

PROTECTOR AND WIRING STRUCTURE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A protector comprising:a main body having a support surface that supports a wiring material and a back surface on an opposite side from the support surface and having a first wall and a second wall erected with respect to the first wall from a first edge that is one edge of the first wall in a width direction, wherein
the main body has an insertion hole into which a band portion of a band member is inserted and a locking portion that locks a head portion, the band member having the band portion and the head portion into which the band portion is inserted,
the locking portion includes a pair of protrusions protruding from the back surface,
each of the pair of protrusions has a width direction wall extending in a direction intersecting an extending direction of the first wall and a locking wall protruding from the width direction wall toward the other one of the pair of protrusions,
the locking wall is formed at a second edge that is the other edge of the first wall in the width direction, and distal ends of the locking walls face each other,
an interval between the distal ends of the locking walls is an interval that allows passage of the band portion and regulates passage of the head portion,
the width direction walls store the head portion between the width direction walls, and
a groove extends along the distal ends of the locking walls, allows passage of the band portion, guides the band portion to between the distal ends of the locking walls, and is formed on an end surface of the first wall on a side of the second edge.

US Pat. No. 10,461,514

CABLE SECURING DEVICE

Quick Fitting, Inc., War...

1. A device, comprising:a barrel comprising an interior surface comprising a substantially cylindrical portion and a substantially frustoconical portion, wherein the interior surface defines an interior cavity;
a retaining cap secured to the barrel and comprising a body segment extending into the interior cavity of the barrel, wherein the body segment comprises a radially extending edge;
a compression member maintained within the barrel interior cavity between an expanded position and a compressed position, wherein the compression member comprises first and second ends;
a fastening device axially movable within the barrel interior cavity, wherein the fastening device comprises a leading edge at a first axial end, a trailing edge at a second axial end and a radially interior surface comprising a gripping segment;
a retaining ring slidingly engaged with the barrel interior surface between the compression member and the fastening device; and
wherein the compression member is compressible into the compressed position by the radially extending edge of the retaining cap body segment at the compression member first end and by the trailing edge of the fastening device at the compression member second end.

US Pat. No. 10,461,513

APPARATUS FOR MOVING A LINE CART ALONG A CABLE

WALL INDUSTRIES INC., BC...

1. A line cart puller configured to move a line cart along at least one overhead conductor and past at least one support tower, the line cart puller comprising:a) a workspace defined at least by one or more sidewalls and a floor configured to support a user and a payload therein;
b) at least one drive wheel configured to connect and disconnect from a first portion of a surface of the at least one overhead conductor;
c) a motor of a hand-operated tool, said motor being configured to rotate at least one motor power output, wherein the motor is located entirely within the workspace, said motor comprising a throttle, a starter and a motor brake; and
d) a transmission system configured to removably connect to the motor via the motor power output to receive power from and provide power to the at least one drive wheel for moving the line cart, the user, and the payload along the at least one overhead conductor;
wherein each of the motor, the throttle, the starter and the motor brake of the hand-operated tool is configured to removably attach between the hand-operated tool and the transmission system, and wherein the at least one drive wheel is disconnectable from the at least one overhead conductor to accommodate movement of the line cart past the at least one support tower.

US Pat. No. 10,461,512

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AERIAL TREATMENT OF OVERHEAD CABLING

GENERAL CABLE TECHNOLOGIE...

1. A multi-carriage aerial cable treatment system, comprising:a first carriage and a second carriage, wherein the first and second carriages are each independently translatable along an aerial cable under treatment, wherein the first carriage comprises:
a first housing having a first longitudinal axis;
a first forward traction wheel and a first rear traction wheel that are each coupled to the first housing and positioned along the first longitudinal axis, wherein at least one of the first forward traction wheel and the first rear traction wheel are drivable to propel the first housing along the aerial cable under treatment; and
a cable surface abrasion assembly positioned to contact the aerial cable under treatment; and
wherein the second carriage comprises:
a second housing having a second longitudinal axis;
a second forward traction wheel and a second rear traction wheel that are each coupled to the second housing and positioned along the second longitudinal axis, wherein at least one of the second forward traction wheel and the second rear traction wheel are drivable to propel the second housing along the aerial cable under treatment;
a coating storage tank;
a coating applicator assembly; and
a coating pump operative to pump a coating material from the coating storage tank to the coating applicator assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,461,511

ELECTRIC ARC EXTINGUISHING DEVICE FOR A THREE-PHASE POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND CORRESPONDING POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

ZODIAC AERO ELECTRIC, Mo...

1. An electric arc extinguishing device for a three-phase electrical power distribution system, characterized in that the extinguishing device comprises at least one metal blade and at least one insulating support on which the blade is mounted and including attachment means for attaching the device between current distribution bars extending side by side, the support including lateral faces abutting against said bars, the blade being mounted on the support in such a way as to be internally offset with respect to said lateral faces.

US Pat. No. 10,461,510

MODULAR DISTRIBUTING PANEL INCLUDING A TRANSFORMER

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A module type distributing panel comprising:a base frame;
a transformer panel module having a main frame and a transformer disposed at an upper side of the base frame;
a first voltage panel module having a first voltage enclosure and a switch mounted within the first voltage enclosure; and
a second voltage panel module having a second voltage enclosure and a distributor mounted within the second voltage enclosure, wherein a second voltage of the second voltage panel module is lower than a first voltage of the first voltage panel module,
wherein the first voltage enclosure is coupled to the main frame for the first voltage panel module, and
the second voltage enclosure is coupled to the main frame for the second voltage panel module,
wherein a first voltage enclosure lower fastening portion is formed at a first lower portion of the first voltage enclosure connected to the base frame, and a second voltage enclosure lower fastening portion is formed at a second lower portion of the second voltage enclosure connected to the base frame, wherein the transformer panel, the first voltage panel, and the second voltage panel are located on top of the base frame,
wherein an upper surface of the transformer panel module is open, and the distributing panel further comprises a transformer panel module roof detachably disposed at an upper side of the main frame,
wherein the transformer panel module roof comprises an upper plate installed to be located at an upper side of the main frame and an upper lifting lug formed of a plate with a lifting hole, wherein the upper lifting lug is coupled to the upper plate,
wherein a horizontal length of the base frame is greater than a horizontal length of each of the transformer panel module, the first voltage panel module, and the second voltage panel module,
wherein the transformer panel module roof that is disposed at the upper side of the main frame does not cover the first voltage panel module and the second voltage panel module, and a horizontal length of the transformer panel module roof is smaller than the horizontal length of the base frame, and
wherein a protection degree of the first voltage panel module and the second voltage panel module is greater than a protection degree of the transformer panel module, and the protection degree of the first voltage panel module and the second voltage panel module is equal to or greater than IP54.

US Pat. No. 10,461,509

FASTENING APPARATUS FOR RELEASABLY FASTENING A HOUSING TO A FASTENING RAIL

SICK AG, Waldkirch (DE)

1. A fastening apparatus for the releasable fastening of a housing to a fastening rail, the fastening apparatus comprising:a single-part lever mechanism for latching and unlatching the housing to and from the fastening rail, wherein the lever mechanism comprises:
actuation means that moves the lever mechanism into one of a latching position and an unlatching position;
a first lever arm that actuates a first hook provided in the housing in a first direction; and
a second lever arm that actuates a second hook provided in the housing in a second direction,
wherein the first and second directions are opposite one another and the first and second lever arms are connected to one another via the actuation means such that a support section is formed that has a parabolic form having two parallel limbs,
and wherein each limb has a straight limb section and the first and second lever arms are directly connected to the straight parallel limb sections, respectively, so that the limb sections and the first and second connected lever arms are coaxially movable.

US Pat. No. 10,461,508

PROTECTIVE SLEEVE FOR A CORONA IGNITOR IN A SPARK PLUG SHAFT OF AN ENGINE

BORGWARNER LUDWIGSBURG GM...

1. A protective sleeve for protecting a corona igniter that has threads that secure the igniter in a spark plug shaft of an internal combustion engine, the protective sleeve comprising:a collar configured to be seated on a rim of a spark plug shaft opening, wherein the collar carries a seal for sealing an annular gap between the protective sleeve and the corona igniter; and
a tubular section configured for insertion into the spark plug shaft and for receiving the corona igniter.

US Pat. No. 10,461,507

SUBSTRATE EMITTING VERTICAL-CAVITY SURFACE-EMITTING LASER

Mellanox Technologies, Lt...

1. A vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) comprising:a substrate having a first surface and a second surface;
an output coupling mirror disposed on the second surface of the substrate;
a high reflectivity mirror; and
an active cavity material structure disposed between the output coupling mirror and the high reflectivity mirror, the active cavity material structure comprising:
a first current-spreading layer,
a second current-spreading layer,
an active region disposed between the first current-spreading layer and the second current-spreading layer, and
a tunnel junction overgrown by the second current spreading layer, wherein the tunnel junction is disposed adjacent the active region,
wherein the VCSEL is configured to emit radiation outward through the first surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,461,506

LASER OSCILLATION APPARATUS

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A laser oscillation apparatus comprising:a laser beam source comprising a plurality of laser units each including two semiconductor lasers disposed in a fast axis direction of the semiconductor lasers to emit laser beams having a same oscillation wavelength and polarized in a first direction, the laser units having oscillation wavelengths different from each other and being disposed in a slow axis direction of the semiconductor lasers; and
a partial reflective element to reflect and return part of the laser beams toward the laser beam source and to transmit a remainder, wherein
a polarization-direction changing element, a wavelength dispersive element, and a polarization combining element are disposed between the laser beam source and the partial reflective element,
the polarization-direction changing element changes a polarization direction of a laser beam emitted from one of the two semiconductor lasers of the laser unit to a second direction orthogonal to the first direction,
the wavelength dispersive element is disposed at a position where the laser beams polarized in the first direction are superposed into one beam and the laser beams whose polarization directions are changed to the second direction are superposed into one beam, superposes the laser beams polarized in the first direction so as to have one optical axis, superposes the laser beams polarized in the second direction so as to have one optical axis, and outputs the superposed laser beams toward the partial reflective element, and
the polarization combining element combines two laser beams into a laser beam having one optical axis, the two laser beams having optical axes different from each other and being output from the wavelength dispersive element.

US Pat. No. 10,461,505

HIGH BRIGHTNESS COHERENT MULTI-JUNCTION DIODE LASERS

nLIGHT, Inc., Vancouver,...

1. A multi-emitter laser diode, comprising:a first active region associated with a lasing wavelength situated between an inner waveguide layer and an outer waveguide layer;
a second active region associated with the lasing wavelength situated between an inner waveguide layer and an outer waveguide layer, wherein the inner waveguide layer of the first active region and the inner waveguide layer of the second active region are situated between the first active region and the second active region, and the first active region and the second active region are situated so that an optical beam propagating in the first active region is optically coupled to the second active region; and
a phase mask situated with respect to the first active region and the second active region to produce a 180 degree phase shift between optical beams from the first active region and the second active region to produce a symmetric mode from an asymmetric mode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,504

VERTICALLY-COUPLED SURFACE-ETCHED GRATING DFB LASER

ElectroPhotonic-IC Inc., ...

1. A device comprising:a mesa formed by a semiconductor structure comprising an epitaxial layer stack comprising a plurality of semiconductor layers grown on a semiconductor substrate;
the plurality of semiconductor layers comprising a lower emitter layer, a lower separate confinement heterostructure, a multi-quantum well active gain region, an upper separate confinement heterostructure, and an upper emitter layer;
a surface-etched grating comprising a set of periodic trenches defined along a top surface of the mesa to form a vertically coupled waveguide Bragg grating supporting a fundamental optical mode,
a first electrical contact to the upper emitter layer provided on the top surface of the mesa each side of the surface-etched grating;
a second electrical contact to the lower emitter layer provided each side of the mesa;
wherein the upper and lower separate confinement heterostructures provide vertical optical confinement of the fundamental optical mode; and
at least one layer of the plurality of semiconductor layers underlying the multi-quantum well active gain region is laterally undercut to define sidewalls of the mesa having a lateral profile that provides lateral optical confinement of the fundamental optical mode and lateral confinement of current injection.

US Pat. No. 10,461,503

DISTRIBUTED REFLECTOR LASER

Finisar Corporation, Sun...

10. A distributed reflector (DR) laser, comprising:a distributed feedback (DFB) region having a first kappa;
a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) region coupled end to end with the DFB region and comprising a DBR grating with a second kappa having a range different from the first kappa;
a lasing mode at a long wavelength side of a peak of a DBR reflection profile of the DBR region;
an external cavity mode within 1 nanometer of the lasing mode;
a p-p resonance frequency in a range from 50-60 gigahertz (GHz);
an intrinsic resonant frequency (Fr) in a range from 30-35 GHz; and
a 3-decibel (dB) modulation bandwidth (BW) of at least 50 gigahertz (GHz).

US Pat. No. 10,461,502

TWO-DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTAL SURFACE EMITTING LASER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KYOTO UNIVERSITY, Kyoto ...

1. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface emitting laser having, in a plate-shaped base body, a two-dimensional photonic crystal in which modified refractive index region pairs are periodically arranged and an active layer provided on one side of the base body, each of the modified refractive index region pair comprising a first modified refractive index region and a second modified refractive index region having refractive indexes different from a refractive index of the base body,wherein an area of a planar shape of the first modified refractive index region is larger than or equal to an area of a planar shape of the second modified refractive index region, and
wherein a thickness of the first modified refractive index region is smaller than a thickness of the second modified refractive index region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,501

TWO-DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTAL SURFACE EMITTING LASER

KYOTO UNIVERSITY, Kyoto ...

1. A two-dimensional photonic crystal surface emitting laser, comprising:a two-dimensional photonic crystal including a plate-shaped base member and modified refractive index regions where the modified refractive index regions have a refractive index different from that of the plate-shaped base member and are two-dimensionally and periodically arranged in the base member;
an active layer provided on one side of the two-dimensional photonic crystal; and
a first electrode and a second electrode provided sandwiching the two-dimensional photonic crystal and the active layer for supplying current to the active layer where the second electrode covers a range equal to or wider than the first electrode, wherein:
the first electrode is a mesh of conductive material, the mesh being composed of lines of the conductive material and inter-line regions as apertures each surrounded by the lines, and
the mesh is divided into a plurality of regions, each of the regions including at least one of the inter-line regions and having a mesh ratio that is different from the mesh ratio of the other regions, where each mesh ratio is defined by a ratio of an area of the lines in a unit mesh to a total area of the unit mesh, the unit mesh being composed of one of the inter-line regions and parts corresponding to a half width of the lines surrounding the one of the inter-line regions, each of the unit meshes being equally sized.

US Pat. No. 10,461,500

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CREATING AND UTILIZING MULTIVARIATE PATHS FOR ONGOING SIMULTANEOUS MULTI-DIMENSIONAL CONTROL TO ATTAIN SINGLE MODE SWEEP OPERATION IN AN ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION SOURCE

INSIGHT PHOTONIC SOLUTION...

1. A method for controlling an electromagnetic radiation source of an optical fiber sensing system, an optical frequency domain reflectometry (OFDR) system, a spectroscopy system, a Frequency-Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) Light Imaging Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) system, or an optical component testing system to produce a radiation sweep having an optimized side-mode suppression ratio over a continuous range of wavelengths within a prescribed temporal profile, the electromagnetic radiation source configured to output electromagnetic radiation at a given wavelength based upon parameters, the method comprising:controlling the electromagnetic radiation source to emit electromagnetic radiation based on a group of parameter combinations, wherein uncontrolled parameters affect the emitted electromagnetic radiation;
measuring during the radiation sweep the electromagnetic radiation source output for each parameter combination in the group of parameter combinations to determine a wavelength and a side-mode suppression ratio for each parameter combination in the group of parameter combinations;
determining a multivariate path comprising a set of parameter combinations that satisfy a condition for a desired set of wavelengths and a maximum side mode suppression ratio over the range of wavelengths, wherein:
the parameters define a multivariate space, each parameter combination in the set of parameter combinations comprises a point in the multivariate space, the set of parameter combinations define sub-paths for transitioning from one wavelength to another wavelength, and combinations of select sub-paths provide the multivariate path for transitioning over the range of wavelengths; and
the set of parameters are determined such that the set of parameters compensate for the effect of the uncontrolled parameters on the emitted electromagnetic radiation;
after measuring the electromagnetic radiation output and after determining the multivariate path, controlling the electromagnetic radiation source to emit electromagnetic radiation over the range of wavelengths by traversing the multivariate path in a desired manner;
wherein the desired manner is linearly increasing or decreasing wavelength or optical frequency as a function of time or another indexing parameter of the sweep, and the electromagnetic radiation source outputs the electromagnetic radiation having the optimized side-mode suppression ratio over the range of wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,461,499

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CALIBRATING, OPERATING, AND SETTING A LASER DIODE IN A WEAPON

Axon Enterprise, Inc., S...

1. A weapon that cooperates with a provided tester, the weapon comprising:a processing circuit; a laser diode that provides a light; a photo diode that detects the light; a resistor coupled in series with the photo diode; and
a memory having computer-executable instructions stored thereon that, in response to execution by the processing circuit, cause the weapon to:
provide a signal at a duty cycle to establish a power of the light provided by the laser diode, the light induces a first current through the photo diode, the first current is related to the power of the light the first current flows through the resistor thereby inducing a first voltage across the resistor, the first voltage is related to the power of the light:
provide the light to the tester, the tester measures a magnitude of the power of the light and sends a message to the weapon to report the magnitude of the power:
receive the message from the tester regarding the magnitude of the power as measured by the tester;
compare the magnitude of the power as measured by the tester to a predetermined range, the predetermine range associated with a geographic region where the laser diode will be used:
adjust the duty cycle responsive to the comparison;
repeat providing the light to the tester, receiving the message from the tester, comparing the magnitude, and adjusting the duty cycle until the magnitude of the power as measured by the tester is within the predetermined range; and
record a magnitude of the first voltage in the memory whereby the magnitude of the first voltage corresponds to the predetermined range.

US Pat. No. 10,461,498

COMMON CATHODE LASER DRIVING CIRCUIT

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:delivering, by a laser driving circuit, a bias current to an anode of a gain-section diode disposed on a shared substrate of a tunable laser;
receiving, at the laser driving circuit, a burst mode signal indicative of a burst-on state or a burst-off state;
when the burst mode signal is indicative of the burst-off state, sinking, by the laser driving circuit, a sink current away from the bias current at the anode of the gain-section diode, the sink current less than the bias current delivered to the anode of the gain-section diode; and
when the burst mode signal is indicative of the burst-on state, modulating, by the laser driving circuit, the tunable laser by a capacitively coupled modulation stage of the laser driving circuit to the anode of the gain-section diode, resulting in an alternating current (AC) modulation current.

US Pat. No. 10,461,497

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

INTERFACE TECHNOLOGY (CHE...

1. A light emitting device, comprising:a substrate;
a light emitting element embedded in the substrate;
a shielding layer disposed on the substrate and having an opening exposing the light emitting element; and
a collimator disposed on the shielding layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,496

SELF-ALIGNING LASER ASSEMBLY

Dermal Photonics Corporat...

1. A system for providing passive alignment of a laser and a lens, comprising:a submount assembly;
a laser diode coupled to the submount assembly;
a mounting tube with a mating key geometry or geometries that extend along a length of an interior of the mounting tube and receive the submount assembly and mates with a mating groove geometry or geometries of the submount assembly; and
a lens coupled to one end of the mounting tube, wherein:
the one end of the mounting tube is not radially symmetric such that the lens is coupled to the one end in one specific radial position, wherein the one end of the mounting tube has an outermost exterior surface that includes a lens cutout that extends from one side of the exterior geometry to another side of the exterior geometry and that corresponds to a geometry of the lens so that the lens is rotationally locked to the mounting tube in the one specific radial position to align the lens with the laser diode,
the submount assembly is mounted inside the mounting tube with mating geometries dictating a fixed rotational alignment between the lens and the mounting tube, and
the one specific radial position of the lens at the one end of the mounting tube corresponds to the interior geometry of the mounting tube to establish how the submount assembly is radially fixed to the mounting tube, such that the lens is radially aligned with respect to both the submount and the laser diode to provide an optical alignment of the lens with respect to the laser diode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,495

SUBSTRATE TECHNOLOGY FOR QUANTUM DOT LASERS INTEGRATED ON SILICON

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method of creating an optically active element, comprising:bonding a III-V semiconductor material with a silicon substrate;
removing excess III-V semiconductor material bonded with the substrate to leave a III-V semiconductor material base layer of a predetermined thickness bonded with the substrate; and
after removing the excess III-V semiconductor material, epitaxially growing at least one layer on the III-V semiconductor material base layer, the at least one layer comprising a quantum dot layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,494

LASER APPARATUS AND EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT GENERATION SYSTEM

GIGAPHOTON INC., Tochigi...

1. A laser apparatus comprising:a master oscillator configured to output laser light;
a plurality of amplifiers each configured to include carbon dioxide as a laser medium and amplify the laser light;
a first optical path pipe configured to cover a laser optical path between the amplifiers;
a gas supply port configured to supply gas into the first optical path pipe, the gas having lower carbon dioxide concentration than carbon dioxide concentration of air;
a first carbon dioxide densitometer configured to measure carbon dioxide concentration in the first optical path pipe; and
an alarm device to which a measurement result of the first carbon dioxide densitometer is input, the alarm device being configured to issue an alarm when the carbon dioxide concentration measured by the first carbon dioxide densitometer exceeds a preset prescribed value of carbon dioxide concentration.

US Pat. No. 10,461,493

WAVELENGTH LOCKER USING MULTIPLE FEEDBACK CURVES TO WAVELENGTH LOCK A BEAM

Lumentum Operations LLC, ...

1. A device, comprising:a laser emitter to generate a laser beam to be wavelength locked to a target frequency based on an emission frequency to be measured by the device;
a first photodetector to generate a first current based on a first optical power of the laser beam,
the laser beam to be wavelength locked based on the first current;
a beam splitter to split a portion of the laser beam into a first beam and a second beam;
a patterned etalon to filter the first beam and the second beam,
the patterned etalon to have different optical path lengths for the first beam and the second beam,
the patterned etalon including a surface, located only on a single side of the patterned etalon, in an optical path of the first beam and not the second beam,
the first beam to be filtered by the patterned etalon and the surface and the second beam to be filtered by the patterned etalon and not filtered by the surface, and
the patterned etalon to filter the first beam and the second beam to a second optical power and a third optical power, respectively, based on the different optical path lengths; and
second and third photodetectors to generate respective second currents,
a selected current, of the respective second currents, to be used to wavelength lock the laser beam.

US Pat. No. 10,461,492

METHOD FOR SYNTHESIS OF GRAPHENE ALONG WAVEGUIDES IN SITU, PHOTONICS DEVICE INCLUDING GRAPHENE OBTAINED USING THE METHOD

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A method for in situ synthesis of graphene along a lengthwise direction of a waveguide applied to a photonic device, the method comprising:processing an evanescent field of laser propagating in the waveguide to spread outward the waveguide;
depositing a nickel thin film on a surface of the waveguide;
growing graphene between the surface of the waveguide and the nickel thin film by irradiating telecommunication laser to a core of the waveguide; and
removing the nickel thin film from the waveguide,
wherein the method further comprises, when an optical fiber is the waveguide, reducing a thickness of the optical fiber through heating a target part of the optical fiber and pulling two sides to make a tapered optical fiber, to allow for interaction of the evanescent field with the nickel thin film.

US Pat. No. 10,461,491

LASER RESONATOR AND LASER RESONATOR ARRAY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A laser resonator comprising:a metal body; and
a ring-shaped gain medium layer having an inner radius and an outer radius, and at least partially embedded into the metal body,
wherein the ring-shaped gain medium layer is formed of a semiconductor material and configured to generate a laser light through optical absorption by coupling electromagnetic waves and plasmons on a boundary between the metal body and the ring-shaped gain medium layer,
wherein the laser resonator further comprises at least one absorption member provided in the ring-shaped gain medium layer,
wherein the ring-shaped gain medium layer comprises a base portion and at least one protruding portion protruding from an upper surface of the base portion and
wherein a laser light of a specific mode is selected or separated by adjusting at least one of a number and position of the at least one absorption member.

US Pat. No. 10,461,490

RADIATION SOURCE

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A supercontinuum radiation source comprising:a radiation source operable to produce a pulsed radiation beam;
an optical amplifier configured to receive the pulsed radiation beam and increase an intensity of the pulsed radiation beam so as to produce an amplified pulsed radiation beam, the optical amplifier comprising a gain medium and a pump power source; and
an optical medium configured to receive the amplified pulsed radiation beam and to broaden a spectrum of the amplified pulsed radiation beam so as to generate a supercontinuum radiation beam;
wherein the pump power source of the optical amplifier is configured to supply a pump radiation beam to the gain medium, an intensity of the pump radiation beam being periodic and having a pump frequency, and
wherein the pump frequency is an integer multiple of the frequency of the pulsed radiation beam.

US Pat. No. 10,461,489

PHOTONIC DEVICES AND METHODS OF USING AND MAKING PHOTONIC DEVICES

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method of making a photonic device, the method comprising: (A) depositing dielectric material having a first refractive index on a substrate to form a dielectric layer having an upper surface; (B) forming at least one dielectric band having a second refractive index greater than the first refractive index within the dielectric layer about 0 nm to about 500 nm from the upper surface; and (C) depositing gain material having a third refractive index greater than the first refractive index on at least a portion of the upper surface of the dielectric layer over the at least one dielectric band to form a gain layer configured to guide an optical pump beam and an optical signal beam along a longitudinal axis of the at least one dielectric-band—with a majority of the optical pump beam confined within the gain layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,488

LASER DEVICE PROVIDED WITH FUNCTION OF PREDICTING OCCURRENCE OF CONDENSATION

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A laser device comprising:a laser resonator generating laser light,
a cooling water feed device feeding cooling water to the laser resonator for cooling the laser resonator,
a water temperature gauge measuring a temperature of cooling water fed to the laser resonator,
a temperature/humidity adjusting device adjusting at least one of a temperature and humidity of a space in which the laser resonator is set,
a thermometer measuring a temperature of air adjusted by the temperature/humidity adjusting device,
a hygrometer measuring a humidity of air adjusted by the temperature/humidity adjusting device,
a controlling part determining a control target temperature of cooling water which is fed to the laser resonator and calculating a reference temperature or a reference humidity for judging if the cooling water feed device may feed cooling water based on the temperature measured by the thermometer and the humidity measured by the hygrometer,
wherein the reference temperature is a dew point in the space in which the laser resonator is placed, or a value calculated based on the dew point, and
wherein the cooling water feed device is configured to repeat the following steps a plurality of times until the temperature of cooling water reaches the control target temperature:
1) start or continue the feed of cooling water after a command for starting up the laser resonator has been output and when:
a) the temperature of the cooling water is greater than the control target temperature, and
b) the temperature of the cooling water is greater than or equal to the reference temperature, and
2) stop the feed of cooling water when:
a) the temperature of the cooling water is less than or equal to the control target temperature, or
b) the temperature of the cooling water is less than the reference temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,461,487

TERMINAL CRIMPING APPARATUS

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A terminal crimping apparatus comprising:a terminal supply device configured to supply a terminal chain member including a plurality of crimping terminals arranged in parallel extending in a length direction, a joint piece extending in an arrangement direction of the plurality of crimping terminals arranged perpendicular to the length direction, and link portions linking one ends of the crimping terminals and the joint piece;
a first mold including a supporting surface supporting the crimping terminals supplied by the terminal supply device and a first edge portion provided at one end of the supporting surface;
a second mold disposed to face the supporting surface and configured to crimp the crimping terminal onto a wire by sandwiching the crimping terminal and the wire between the second mold and the supporting surface while relatively moving along a height direction with respect to the supporting surface of the first mold; and
a terminal cutting member disposed adjacently to the first mold and including a second edge portion corresponding to the first edge portion, wherein
the terminal cutting member cuts a boundary with the crimping terminal in the link portion using the second edge portion in cooperation with the first edge portion while relatively moving along the height direction with respect to the first mold,
the second mold includes a main body and a pair of wall portions protruding from the main body toward the first mold and facing each other in the arrangement direction of the crimping terminals and configured to come into contact with the crimping terminal to bend the crimping terminal when the second mold relatively moves along the height direction with respect to the supporting surface of the first mold,
the pair of wall portions include proximal end portions provided on a main body side of the main body facing the terminal cutting member and hem portions provided on a distal end side of the main body provided further from the terminal cutting member than the proximal end portions, and
the main body and the proximal end portions protrude further toward the terminal cutting member compared to the first edge portion of the first mold, and the hem portions are positioned closer to the first mold than the first edge portion of the first mold.

US Pat. No. 10,461,486

DIE AND PRESS APPARATUS INCLUDING DIE

JAPAN AVIATION ELECTRONIC...

1. A die that crimps a contact in cooperation with a mating die to thereby fix the contact on an electric wire, comprising:a base portion;
a protruding portion that is formed on said base portion in a manner protruding upward from said base portion, and can be inserted in a receiving space of the mating die; and
a wall portion that is connected to front surfaces or rear surfaces of said base portion and said protruding portion,
wherein said wall portion extends further upward than said base portion, and extends further in at least one of leftward and rightward directions than said protruding portion,
wherein an upper surface of said protruding portion, which is configured to support the contact, is formed with a dent having an upper portion and a lower portion,
wherein said wall portion is formed with a flat surface that is located at a level lower than the upper portion of said dent and at a same level as the lower portion of said dent, the flat surface being adjacent to the upper surface in a front-rear direction of said protruding portion, and
wherein one end of the flat surface in the front-rear direction is formed with a cutting blade for cutting a supporting arm portion of a carrier that supports the contact.

US Pat. No. 10,461,485

METHOD AND APPARATUS OF POWERING AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING A REMOVABLE POWER SUPPLY

Ecolink Intelligent Techn...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first housing in which is disposed a power adapter that converts an AC voltage signal to a DC low-voltage output signal, the power adapter comprising a prong connector that extends outwardly from the first housing for receiving the AC voltage signal from a conventional AC power outlet, and an output connector supported by the first housing for outputting the DC low-voltage output signal; and
a second housing in which is disposed electronic circuitry that is operable using the DC low-voltage output signal, wherein the second housing comprises a depression that is arranged to receive and releasably hold the first housing and wherein the electronic circuitry comprises an input connector that is positioned relative to the depression so as to cooperatively, electrically couple with the output connector when the first housing is received in its entirety within the depression.

US Pat. No. 10,461,484

ELECTRICAL OUTLET AND REMOVABLE POWER MODULE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical outlet structured to be electrically connected with a 1 doctor and a neutral conductor of an AC power source, the electrical outlet comprising:a base;
an electrical apparatus situated on the base;
the electrical apparatus comprising a first connector, a second connector, a third connector, and a fourth connector;
the base having a receptacle formed therein, the first connector and the second connector being situated inside the receptacle, the receptacle being structured to receive therein the power module with the first electrical contact being electrically connected with the first connector and with the second electrical contact being electrically connected with the second connector; and
the third connector being electrically connectable with one of the line conductor and the neutral conductor, and the fourth connector being electrically connectable with the other of the line conductor and the neutral conductor;
the electrical apparatus also comprising a power module having a first electrical contact, a second electrical contact, and a power outlet electrically connected with the first and second electrical contacts, the power module being receivable in the receptacle with the first electrical contact being electrically connected with the first connector and with the second electrical contact being electrically connected with the second connector; and
the electrical apparatus further comprising a pair of springs situated on the base and additionally comprising a pair of electrical conductors that are electrically connected with the third and fourth connectors, the first and second connectors being situated on the pair of springs, the first and second connectors being movable on the pair of springs with respect to the base from a first position wherein the first and second connectors are interposed between and are electrically connected between the pair of electrical conductors and the first and second electrical contacts when the power module is fully received in the receptacle to a second position wherein the first and second connectors are biased by the pair of springs away from the pair of electrical conductors and are electrically disconnected therefrom after the power module has been removed from the receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,461,483

STRUT END CONDITION, END BLOCK, AND CONNECTOR

ARCHITECTURAL BUSSTRUT CO...

1. A strut assembly, comprising:a strut;
an insulator having a distal end;
at least one conductor wire oriented within the insulator;
an end block oriented within an end of the strut, the end block nesting within the strut; and
an isolator having dividers, each divider having a divider base with a divider base proximal end,
wherein the divider base proximal end engages the distal end of the insulator and prevents the isolator from extending past a desired point on the insulator, and
wherein the isolator is oriented between the end block and the strut such that the end block fits within the interior of the isolator.

US Pat. No. 10,461,482

ELECTRICALLY-CHARGED OUTLET

1. An electrically charged outlet assembly, comprising:an outlet box defining an interior and a front open face comprising:
a plurality of outlet box upper retaining apertures disposed upon a top side of said outlet box;
a plurality of outlet box lower retaining apertures disposed on a bottom side of said outlet box;
a first power wire aperture located on a first side of said outlet box;
a second power wire aperture located on a second side of said outlet box;
a third power wire aperture located on a third side of said outlet box; and
a fourth power wire aperture is located on a fourth side of said outlet box;
wherein within said interior of said outlet box is disposed against a rear face of said interior of said outlet box with a neutral wire terminal fastener, a hot wire terminal fastener, or a ground wire terminal fastener;
further comprising a ground terminal fastener slot secured within said outlet box and located against one interior outlet box wall adjacent said neutral terminal fastener slot, said ground terminal fastener slot is in electrical communication with said ground wire terminal fastener with a ground bridge;
wherein each of said slots are shaped to permit a respective terminal outlet terminal fastener to removably reside therein and each of said slots includes a metallic clip which is in electrical communication with one of a plurality of power wires; and
wherein said metallic clip is capable of transmitting an electrical charge.

US Pat. No. 10,461,481

ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT FOR CONTROLLING ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. An electronic control unit that controls a rotary electric machine, the electronic control unit comprising:a housing including a wall defining an accommodation space, and a base extending from the wall into the accommodation space;
a circuit board disposed on the base in the accommodation space;
an electrical connection module disposed at a position different from the circuit board on the base in the accommodation space and electrically connected to the circuit board;
a first connector group electrically connected to the electrical connection module; and
a second connector group disposed on the wall and electrically connected to the circuit board, wherein:
the first connector group and the second connector group are arranged in a first direction along the wall;
the base, the electrical connection module, and the circuit board respectively have a first positioning hole, a second positioning hole, and a third positioning hole for positioning relative to each other;
a first positioning pin is insertable into an opening of the first positioning hole through the second positioning hole; and
a second positioning pin is insertable into another opening of the first positioning hole through the third positioning hole.

US Pat. No. 10,461,480

SHIELD CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A shield connector, comprising:a braided conductor through which an electric wire is inserted;
a shield shell formed in a tubular shape that has conductivity;
a ring formed in a tubular shape in which a pressing surface that faces the shield shell in an axial direction of the shield shell is formed on an inner surface side over an entire periphery, wherein
the pressing surface is inclined in a direction intersecting with the axial direction on a section in the axial direction,
the ring is fixed to the shield shell while maintaining a state in which the pressing surface presses the braided conductor against the shield shell in the axial direction over the entire periphery,
the shield shell includes a hole part penetrating in a radial direction, and
the ring includes a hooking part that is folded toward a radial direction and fixed to the shield shell when the hooking part being folded is inserted into the hole part.

US Pat. No. 10,461,479

ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING ELASTIC CLIP AND CONNECTOR HOUSING INCLUDING THE SAME

Tyco Electronics (Zhuhai)...

1. An electromagnetic shielding elastic clip, comprising:a first elastic sheet having a base and a first passageway disposed at an end of the first elastic sheet opposite the base of the first elastic sheet; and
a second elastic sheet having a base and a second passageway disposed at an end of the second elastic sheet opposite the base of the second elastic sheet, the base of the first elastic sheet and the base of the second elastic sheet form a U-shaped elastic clip, the second passageway is aligned with the first passageway, a diameter of the first passageway is larger than a diameter of the second passageway and an edge portion of the second passageway is bent onto an edge portion of the first passageway such that the edge portion of the second passageway and the edge portion of the first passageway are riveted to each other at an end of the electromagnetic shielding elastic clip opposite the U-shaped elastic clip.

US Pat. No. 10,461,478

CONNECTOR HAVING SHELL AND CONNECTOR DEVICE

HIROSE ELECTRIC CO., LTD....

1. A connector fittable to a partner connector, comprising:a housing;
a contact attached to the housing; and
a conductive shell attached to the housing,
wherein the housing includes a body portion and a fitting target portion extending from the body portion to a side of fitting to the partner connector,
a diameter of a side portion outer peripheral surface of the fitting target portion is, at at least part thereof, set smaller than a diameter of a side portion outer peripheral surface of the body portion,
the conductive shell includes a first shell and a second shell,
the first shell includes a cover portion configured to cover at least part of an outer peripheral surface of the housing, an elastic arm having a free end on the side of fitting to the partner connector, and a support portion elastically connecting the elastic arm to the cover portion and configured to support the elastic arm in a cantilever manner,
the elastic arm has a lock portion configured to lock fitting between the connector and the partner connector at a position closer to a free end side than the support portion,
the elastic arm has a stepped portion corresponding to a stepped surface of the housing provided using a difference in the diameter between the body portion and the fitting target portion,
the second shell includes a portion facing the stepped portion at a position closer to the side of fitting to the partner connector than the stepped portion of the elastic arm,
the elastic arm and the cover portion are made out of a single metal plate and continuous to each other,
the elastic arm is held apart from the cover portion through the support portion and positioned outer than the cover portion in a radial direction,
the cover portion and the elastic arm have substantially opposing surfaces, the surface of the elastic arm being positioned outer than the surface of the cover portion in the radial direction,
the second shell further includes an ejection hole, and
the lock portion is positioned inside of the ejection hole and a part of the lock portion protrudes from the ejection hole.

US Pat. No. 10,461,477

SHIELD CONNECTOR AND CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY INCLUDING THE SHIELD CONNECTOR

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector that is connected to a mating connector, the connector comprising:an outer housing; and
an inner housing module fit in the outer housing, wherein
the inner housing module includes:
a resin portion including an attachment portion and a base portion extending from the attachment portion;
upper surface shield plates and side surface shield plates that are provided on an outer side of the base portion, and are electrically connected to each other; and
a signal terminal provided on an inner side of the base portion, and
the upper surface shield plates, the side surface shield plates, the signal terminal, and the resin portion are integrally formed in a monolithic construction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,476

CONNECTOR

Tyco Electronics (Shangha...

1. A connector, comprising:a housing;
a connector body disposed in the housing;
a conductive terminal disposed in the connector body; and
a conductive shielding sleeve disposed in the housing such that at least a part of an outer end of the conductive shielding sleeve extends to an exterior of the housing when the conductive shielding sleeve is fully mounted in the housing, the outer end of the conductive shielding sleeve has an outwardly turning lip disposed outside the housing and spaced apart from the housing by a predetermined distance.

US Pat. No. 10,461,475

ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE CONNECTOR WITH GROUNDING PLATES INTERSECTING WITH CONTACT WAFER ASSEMBLY

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical receptacle connector assembly comprising:a main housing defining upper and lower mating ports opposite to each other in a vertical direction, each of said upper and lower mating ports forwardly communicating with an exterior in a front-to-back direction perpendicular to the vertical direction; and
a contact wafer assembly assembled to the main housing and including a plurality of grounding contact wafers and a plurality of signal contact wafer pairs alternately stacked with one another along a transverse direction perpendicular to both said vertical direction and said front-to-back direction, each of said grounding contact wafers including a grounding contact embedded within an insulator and each of said signal contact wafer pair including a plurality of signal contacts embedded within an insulator; wherein
the grounding contact includes a main plate with contacting arms unitarily extending forwardly therefrom, the main plate has at least one ridge extending beyond a periphery of the corresponding insulator, and a spring loaded common ground plate is attached upon the main housing with corresponding springs mechanically and electrically connecting to the ridges of the corresponding grounding contacts, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,461,474

TECHNOLOGY FOR MAINTAINING SECURE CONNECTIONS OF ELECTRONIC CABLING

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. An apparatus for a chassis having a port mounted on a side of the chassis and connected to electronics in the chassis, the apparatus comprising:first and second supports mounted on the chassis side on opposing sides of the port; and
a strap of a predetermined length with first and second ends of the length respectively connected to the first and second supports, wherein the strap defines a slot along a portion of its length for holding a cable connected to a plug that matches the port, wherein the supports are of such lengths that with the supports mounted on the chassis side on opposing sides of the port, the strap connected to the respective supports, the cable in the slot and the plug mated with the port, at least the plug displaces a central portion of the strap, wherein the displacement produces a spring force toward the chassis such that the strap clamps the plug into engagement with the port.

US Pat. No. 10,461,473

PULL STRIP CABLE MODULE

BizLink International Cor...

1. A pull strip cable module, comprising:a connector;
a U-shaped spring latch fixed on the connector, wherein the U-shaped spring latch comprises:
a U-shaped elastic portion;
a first end portion outwardly extending from one end of the U-shaped elastic portion, wherein the first end portion comprises a sliding opening; and
a second end portion outwardly extending from another end of the U-shaped elastic portion; and
a pull strip, wherein one end of the pull strip is fixed to the second end portion of the U-shaped spring latch, and the pull strip passes through the sliding opening of the first end portion of the U-shaped spring latch.

US Pat. No. 10,461,472

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Tyco Electronics AMP Ital...

1. An electrical connector, comprising:a first connector;
a second connector matable with the first connector;
an elastic clip mounted on the first connector and movable between an engagement position and a disengagement position, the elastic clip is coupled to the second connector in the engagement position to keep the second connector mated with the first connector, and the elastic clip enables decoupling of the first connector and the second connector in the disengagement position, the elastic clip is U-shaped and has a central portion and a pair of elastic branches each having an end portion; and
a safety locking member slidably mounted on the first connector and movable between a pre-locking position and a locking position, the safety locking member has a central elastic arm with an engagement tooth, the central elastic arm is disposed on a rear face of the safety locking member opposite a front face of the safety locking member, the front face of the safety locking member contacting the central portion of the elastic clip in the locking position and preventing movement of the elastic clip from the engagement position toward the disengagement position.

US Pat. No. 10,461,470

CIRCUIT CARD ASSEMBLIES FOR A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A circuit card assembly for a communication system comprising:a printed circuit board (PCB) having a first surface and a second surface and a mating edge between the first and second surfaces, the PCB having a slot extending inward from the mating edge configured to receive a second PCB of a second circuit card assembly in a board loading direction perpendicular to the mating edge, the PCB having a mounting area on the first surface adjacent the slot; and
an electrical connector mounted to the first surface at the mounting area configured for mating with a second electrical connector of the second circuit card assembly, the electrical connector having a receptacle housing fixed relative to the PCB and having a cavity, the electrical connector having a mating housing received in the cavity of the receptacle housing, the mating housing being movable relative to the receptacle housing, the electrical connector having contacts held by the mating housing and being movable relative to the receptacle housing with the mating housing, the contacts having mating interfaces configured for mating with contacts of the second electrical connector;
wherein the receptacle housing is configured to be coupled to the second electrical connector as the second PCB is loaded in the board loading direction;
wherein the mating housing is movable within the receptacle housing in a connector loading direction along a connector loading axis parallel to the board loading direction and the mating housing being movable in the receptacle housing in a connector mating direction along a connector mating axis perpendicular to the connector loading axis; and
wherein the contacts of the electrical connector are mated with the contacts of the second electrical connector in a contact mating direction parallel to the connector mating axis.

US Pat. No. 10,461,469

PLUG AND SOCKET ARRANGEMENT FOR AN INFORMATION ROBOT APPARATUS

Wenling Haoda Electric Ap...

1. A plug and socket arrangement for an information robot apparatus, comprisinga robot body;
a plug body;
a socket body;
a plug groove arranged in one end face of the socket body;
a wire electrically connected with the robot body is arranged on one side of the plug body, and the other side of the plug body is provided with a plug column which is used to plug and connect with the plug groove;
an inclined plane top pressing block is arranged on the side, away from the plug body, of the plug column;
wherein a plug pin is fixedly arranged on an end surface thereof, away from the plug column, of the inclined plane top pressing block;
a lock recess is arranged in a top end surface of the plug column;
a first sliding cavity extending upwards and downwards communicated with the plug groove;
a second sliding cavity which extends to two ends thereof communicated with a bottom extending tail end of the first sliding cavity;
a third sliding cavity which extends upwards and downwards arranged in the socket body on one side of the first sliding cavity;
wherein a bottom extending tail end of the third sliding cavity is communicated with a top extending section of one end of the second sliding cavity;
a transmission cavity extending towards two ends thereof arranged in the socket body on an upper side of the first sliding cavity;
wherein an extending section of one side of the transmission cavity is located at a top corresponding position of the third sliding cavity;
a first sliding block arranged in the first sliding cavity in a sliding fit mode;
a second sliding block arranged in the second sliding cavity in a sliding fit mode;
wherein a first through slot is arranged in the first sliding block;
a first inclined plane block fixedly arranged on an inner top wall of the first through slot for connecting with the lock recess of the plug column in match mode;
a second inclined plane block fixedly arranged at a bottom tail end of the first sliding block;
a driving motor fixedly arranged on the end face of a top wall of the first sliding block;
an inner spline sleeve in rotational engagement with the transmission cavity and the first sliding cavity, of the socket body;
wherein a first pulley extending into the transmission cavity is fixedly arranged at a top wall tail end of the inner spline sleeve;
an outer spline shaft extending downwards in sliding fit connection with the inner spline sleeve;
wherein a bottom extending tail end of the outer spline shaft extends into the first sliding cavity and is in power connection with a top end of the driving motor;
a first spring annularly arranged around the outer spline shaft in the first sliding cavity;
wherein a top end surface of the second sliding block is internally provided with an inclined plane groove held against and connected with the second inclined plane block;
a second through slot which is used for being communicated with the third sliding cavity arranged in the second sliding block and located at one side of the inclined plane groove;
a third inclined plane block fixedly arranged on an inner wall of one side of the second through slot;
wherein a second spring pushes against and connects with one side of the second sliding block in the second sliding cavity;
a third sliding block arranged in the third sliding cavity in a sliding fit mode;
wherein an adjusting threaded rod extending upwards is in threaded fit connection with the third sliding block;
a fourth inclined plane block fixedly arranged at a bottom tail end of the third sliding block;
a rotating shaft in rotational engagement with the transmission cavity and the third sliding cavity, of the socket body;
wherein a second pulley extending into the transmission cavity is fixedly arranged at a top tail end of the rotating shaft;
a driving belt arranged between the second pulley and the first pulley;
wherein a bottom tail end of the rotating shaft extends into the third sliding cavity and is fixedly connected with a top tail end of the adjusting threaded rod in a matched mode;
the plug body is firstly moved to one side of the socket body to make the plug column and the plug groove are opposite to each other;
the plug body is moved towards one side of the socket body so the plug column gradually extends into the plug groove until the inclined plane top pressing block holds against and slides with the first inclined plane block, so that the first inclined plane block drives the first sliding block to overcome the elastic force of the first spring to gradually slide toward a top of the first sliding cavity;
a guide sliding groove is communicated in an inner wall of one side of the third sliding cavity;
wherein a guide sliding block which is fixedly connected with the third sliding block is in sliding fit connection with an interior of the guide sliding groove, and a top end face of the guide sliding block is fixedly provided with a conductive block;
wherein a power supply groove is arranged in an inner top wall of the guide sliding groove opposite to the top of the conductive block;
the conductive block is driven by the guide sliding block to be completely inserted into the power supply groove so automatic and safe power supply is implemented;
a conductive groove is arranged in an inner wall of one side of the plug groove for receiving the plug pin, and the conductive groove is electrically connected with the conductive block;
the driving motor is controlled to drive the adjusting threaded rod to rotate reversely until the third sliding block drives the fourth inclined plane block to extend into the second through slot and the fourth inclined plane block holds against and slides with the third inclined plane block, so that the third inclined plane block drives the second sliding block to overcome the elastic force of the second spring to slide towards one side in the second sliding cavity; meanwhile, the inclined plane groove holds against and slides with the second inclined plane block, so the first sliding block is driven by the second inclined plane block to slide towards the top in the first sliding cavity until the first inclined plane block completely slides out of the lock recess, and it is convenient to take out the plug body.

US Pat. No. 10,461,468

CONNECTOR MOUNTING STRUCTURE AND CONNECTOR MOUNTING METHOD

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A connector mounting structure comprising:a connector unit having a wire harness connecting surface and a device connecting surface disposed on a top surface of the connector unit, the device connecting surface being orthogonal to the wire harness connecting surface, the wire harness connecting surface configured to receive a wire-side connector provided at a terminal end of a wire harness and the device-side connector is coupled to the wire-side connector; and
a bracket having a connector holding portion, the connector holding portion is configured to hold the connector unit so as to be pivotable between a mounting position and a fitting position, wherein in the mounting position, the connector unit is pressed against a bottom surface of the bracket and in the fitting position, the connector unit is spaced apart from the bottom surface of the bracket so as to expose the wire-side harness connector for connection with the wire harness.

US Pat. No. 10,461,467

COMPACT CARD EDGE CONNECTOR

FCI USA LLC, Etters, PA ...

1. A card edge connector, comprising:a housing comprising a slot shaped to receive an edge of a card;
an array of contacts disposed along walls of the slot, and
a latching member pivotally mounted to the housing between a first portion of the array of contacts and a second portion of the array of contacts such that the latching member pivots between an unlocked position and a locked position,
wherein
the latching member comprising a central portion having a first end and a second end;
the central portion is pivotally mounted to the housing between the first end and the second end;
the latching member comprises a first protrusion at the first end that extends into the slot when the latching member is in the locked position, the first protrusion extending from the central portion in a first direction when the latching member is in the locked position; and
the latching member further comprises a second protrusion at the second end, the second protrusion extending from the central portion in the first direction when the latching member is in the locked position.

US Pat. No. 10,461,466

CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

JAPAN AVIATION ELECTRONIC...

1. A connector assembly comprising:a first connector that has first electrical connection members located on a resin base material; and
a second connector that has second electrical connection members at positions respectively opposed to the first electrical connection members located on a resin base material; wherein
the resin base material of the first and second connectors each include flexible portions,
the first electrical connection members directly contacting flexible portions of the resin base material of the first connector,
the second electrical connection members directly contacting flexible portions of the resin base material of the second connector,
the first connector and the second connector further have locking resin fasteners that are respectively engageable with each other, and are integrated with the respective resin base materials, on mutually-opposed positions,
the locking resin fasteners of the first connector extend so as to form a polygonal shape surrounding the first electrical connection members,
the locking resin fasteners of the second connector extend so as to form a polygonal shape surrounding the second electrical connection members,
the locking resin fasteners which are opposed to each other on the mutually opposed positions have water-tightness when the fasteners are engaged with each other, and
the first electrical connection members and the second electrical connection members are respectively brought into contact with each other by engaging the locking resin fasteners which are respectively opposed to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,461,465

THIN FILM TYPE MAGNETIC CONNECTOR MODULE

SPS Inc., Daejeon (KR)

1. A magnetic connector module configured to magnetically couple to an electronic device, the magnetic connector module comprising:a thin film board having a plurality of holes formed therethrough;
a wing section configured to accommodate a magnet thereon, wherein the wing section is vertically stacked on the thin film board and laterally extends beyond the thin film board such that the thin film board forms a vertical protrusion on the wing section at a central portion of the wing section;
a first pattern of electrodes formed on the thin film board at a first side of the thin film board and a second pattern of electrodes formed on the thin film board at a second side opposite the first side of the thin film board; and
conductors formed in the plurality of holes electrically connecting the first pattern of electrodes and the second pattern of electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,461,464

BI-DIRECTIONAL, ROTATING, PRESSURE BULKHEAD PENETRATOR

1. A bulkhead penetrator, comprising:a body having an interior wall and an exterior wall;
an element disposed within the interior wall of the body in a first pressure region, the element having a first pressure;
an inner penetrator configured to permit a transfer of the element from the interior wall of the body past a physical boundary to the exterior wall of the body in a second pressure region having a second pressure, the inner penetrator having an interior surface exposed to the first pressure region and an exterior surface exposed to the second pressure region;
an outer penetrator, wherein the outer penetrator is configured to permit the transfer of the element from the interior wall of the body past the physical boundary to the exterior wall of the body in a third pressure region having a third pressure;
an inner-outer connector that connects the inner penetrator to the outer penetrator; and
at least two sealing mechanisms for the body, the at least two sealing mechanisms being configured to seal the first pressure region from the second pressure region and the third pressure region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,463

SEALING INSERT

1. A sealing system for a cable lead-through device into a housing, said cable lead-through device, having at least one U-shaped frame with at least two limbs and a first web connecting the two limbs at one end in each case, and at least one sealing insert configured to be inserted into or arranged in the frame, wherein the sealing insert(s) arranged in the frame is configured to be ultimately compressed by attaching a second web for strain relief and sealing of the cable, wherein the second web is a constituent part of the housing, and wherein the at least one sealing insert is formed from at least one elastically deformable material and has at least one through-opening configured for guiding through of the at least one cable, wherein the sealing insert possesses at least one slit along the through-opening which forms two mutually opposing slit surfaces so that the sealing insert assumes an opened state for inserting or removing the cable laterally and a closed state for sealing and strain relief of the cable, and wherein the sealing insert, without an influence of external forces, is located in its opened state in which it has a gap at its slit, by which the two slit surfaces are automatically separated from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,461,462

ELECTRONICS CHARGING BLOCK HAVING DETACHABLE TENTACLES

1. An electronics charging block system comprising:a body having a plug configured to connect to an electrical outlet;
a tentacle-receiving socket formed in the body that is not in electrical communication with the plug;
a utility tentacle configured to mount to the body and having a shape-retaining bendable arm portion configured to contact an external electronic device and an insertion tip formed at a first end of the arm portion, the insertion tip configured for removable insertion into the tentacle-receiving socket; and
an electrical interface for enabling an electrical connection to be formed between the charging block and the external electronic device, wherein the utility tentacle does not form part of an electrical connection.

US Pat. No. 10,461,461

MULTI POLE CONNECTOR FOR SECURELY COUPLING TERMINALS AND TARGET TERMINALS

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector comprising:a plurality of identically configured module housings extending in a lateral direction and arranged in a longitudinal direction orthogonal to the lateral direction, wherein each module housing has first and second opposite lateral ends, wherein the first lateral ends of the plurality of module housings are planar and wherein the second lateral ends of the plurality of module housings are planar; and
terminals attached to the module housings,
wherein the terminals each include:
a pair of contact parts respectively projecting upward above an upper surface and downward below a lower surface of each of the module housings; and
a first direction conversion mechanism configured to convert at least some of displacement and a force received by the pair of contact parts in an upper-lower direction orthogonal to the lateral direction and the longitudinal direction into displacement and a force in the longitudinal direction, and
wherein the module housings each include a second direction conversion mechanism configured to convert at least some of displacement and a force received from each of the terminals in the longitudinal direction into displacement and a force in the upper-lower direction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,459

SWITCHED ELECTRICAL PLUG LOCK

The Chamberlain Group, In...

1. An apparatus for controlling the use of an electrically powered device, the apparatus comprising:an electrical socket having openings configured to receive prongs of an electrical plug of an electrical cord of an electrically powered device;
a housing;
a lock configured to retain the electrical plug in the electrical socket, the lock comprising:
a retaining member configured to engage at least one of the prongs in at least one of the openings of the electrical socket; and
an actuator connected to the retaining member and configured to shift the retaining member from a locked position wherein the retaining member engages the at least one prong in the at least one opening of the electrical socket and inhibits removal of the at least one prong from the at least one opening to an unlocked position wherein the retaining member permits the at least one prong of the electrical plug to be removed from the at least one opening of the electrical socket;
a switch operable to electrically couple the electrical socket with a power source to which the apparatus is coupled;
wireless communication circuitry operatively coupled to the switch and configured to receive a wireless signal indicating an electronic device is within a proximity of the apparatus; and
a controller operatively coupled to the switch, the wireless communication circuitry, and the actuator, the controller configured to, responsive to the wireless signal, cause the switch to electrically couple the power source and the electrical socket and cause the actuator to shift the retaining member from the locked position to the unlocked position and permit the at least one prong to be removed from the at least one opening.

US Pat. No. 10,461,458

TERMINAL POSITION ASSURANCE DEVICE FOR ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

J.S.T. CORPORATION, Farm...

1. A terminal position assurance device, comprising:a back portion having two ends and an inner surface; and
two arms extending generally perpendicularly from the two ends of the back portion to form a C-shape with the back portion;
wherein each arm comprises:
a side portion having a thickness; and
a ledge portion extending along an upper portion of the side portion, wherein the thickness of the ledge is greater than the thickness of the side portion; and
an outer surface of the arm defined by outer surfaces of the side portion and ledge portion;
wherein the thickness of the ledge portion where it meets the back portion is greater than the thickness of the ledge portion at the end of the arm; and
a first stop located on the outer surface of the arm.

US Pat. No. 10,461,457

CONNECTOR HOUSING AND TERMINAL POSITION ASSURANCE JOINT CLIP SITE

YAZAKI NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. An electrical connector assembly, comprising:a housing comprising (i) at least one terminal insertion cavity for receiving an electrical terminal, (ii) a primary locking member that engages with the electrical terminal when the electrical terminal is inserted within the at least one terminal insertion cavity to retain the electrical terminal within the at least one terminal insertion cavity, (iii) a slide clip receiver, and (iv) a plurality of latching members;
a terminal position assurance (TPA) member for coupling with the housing via the plurality of latching members, the TPA member having a U-shape and including a bottom wall and two side walls extending from the bottom wall, each of the two side walls having a connecting portion configured to mate with at least one of the plurality of latching members; and
a slide clip for coupling with the housing via the slide clip receiver,
wherein in an assembled condition:
the electrical terminal is retained within the at least one terminal insertion cavity by the primary locking member in an engaged condition,
the TPA member is fixedly coupled to the housing via the plurality of latching members cooperating with the connecting portions, the plurality of latching members inhibiting movement of the TPA member in a disengagement direction,
the TPA member inhibits movement of the primary locking member from the engaged condition, and
the slide clip is coupled with the slide clip receiver such that the TPA member is constrained between the housing and the slide clip to inhibit movement of the TPA member in the disengagement direction; and
wherein the bottom wall of the TPA member has a flat surface, the flat surface being in contact with the primary locking member to inhibit movement of the primary locking member from the engaged condition.

US Pat. No. 10,461,456

CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A connector, comprising:a housing including a terminal accommodating chamber;
a terminal configured to be accommodated in the terminal accommodating chamber; and
a locking lance flexibly provided in the terminal accommodating chamber, a free end side of the locking lance configured to abut on the terminal when the terminal is inserted into the terminal accommodating chamber, thereby the locking lance being configured to be restored after being bent, thereby the free end side being configured to lock the terminal in the terminal accommodating chamber,
wherein a thickness of the locking lance in a bending direction from the top of the locking lance to the bottom of the locking lance changes gradually so as to be smaller at the free end side thereof than at a base end side thereof,
wherein the thickness of the locking lance in the bending direction continuously becomes smaller from the base end side to the free end side,
wherein the locking lance is formed in an arc shape from the base end side to the free end side with respect to the bending direction of the locking lance,
wherein the free end side of the locking lance is configured to deflect by a deflection margin in the bending direction with respect to the base end side of the locking lance,
wherein the locking lance includes a groove provided in the free end side thereof, the groove being configured to engage with a locking projection of the terminal, and,
wherein the thickness of the locking lance in the bending direction gradually becomes smaller from the base end side to the free end side.

US Pat. No. 10,461,455

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

YAZAKI EUROPE LTD., Hert...

1. An electrical connector assembly comprising:a first connector having a first main contact element and a first auxiliary contact element, said first auxiliary contact element being electrically connected to said first main contact element,
a second connector having a second main contact element and a second auxiliary contact element, said second auxiliary contact element being electrically connected to said second main contact element,
wherein the first connector and the second connector are mateable in a mating direction parallel to a longitudinal axis L of the electrical connector assembly,
wherein the first and second main contact elements are configured to disconnect from each other before the first and second auxiliary contact elements dis-connect from each other during unmating the first and second connectors,
wherein in a fully mated condition the first and second main contact elements are in contact and the first and second auxiliary contact elements are disconnected from each other
wherein the first auxiliary contact element extends at least substantially parallel and radially distanced to the first main contact element, and
wherein the second auxiliary contact element extends at least substantially parallel and radially distanced to the second main contact element.

US Pat. No. 10,461,454

PLUG-IN CONTACT AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A PLUG-IN CONTACT

1. A plug-in contact for making electrical contact with a circuit board by means of plugging the plug-in contact into a contact hole of the circuit board, with two flat contact legs which are resilient relative to one another, and one connecting region, from which the two contact legs extend in the plug-in direction (E) of the plug-in contact, the plug-in contact being punched in one piece out of a metallic flat material,characterized in
that a closed recess is located within the connecting region, bordering the two contact legs,
that the two contact legs, proceeding from the recess, have a distance from one another which increases in the direction toward their free ends, the two contact legs having a spread state relative to one another,
that the two contact legs together have a width which is equal to or only slightly smaller than the diameter of the corresponding contact hole in the circuit board, and
that the point at which the contact legs begin to separate from one another commences at the recess and is established by the recess independently of the production tolerances.

US Pat. No. 10,461,453

POWER PLUG AND SOCKET

WELLS SHIN ELECTRONIC (KU...

1. A power plug, comprising:a body;
at least two Alternating Current, AC, plug terminals fixed inside the body; and
two Direct Current, DC, plug terminals fixed inside the body;
wherein each of the AC plug terminals and each of the DC plug terminals are respectively connected to separate connecting wires;
wherein the body comprises a first body and a second body, wherein the first body and the second body are adaptively joined to each other to form a plurality of mounting structures, and each of the AC plug terminals and each of the DC plug terminals are respectively fixed inside different mounting structures;
wherein a cavity is provided inside the first body and is configured to accommodate a part of the second body; and
wherein the plurality of mounting structures comprise at least two mounting holes and two mounting slots; and wherein the at least two mounting holes are provided inside the second body, each of the AC plug terminals is fixed inside a respective one of the mounting holes, the two mounting slots are provided on a surface of the second body, and each of the DC plug terminals is fixed inside a respective one of the mounting slots.

US Pat. No. 10,461,452

PROCESS FOR MAKING CORROSION-RESISTANT ELECTRICAL CONTACTS IN A WIDE RANGE OF COLORS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a housing that is characterized by a color; and
an electrical contact having an upper surface that is visible at an exterior surface of the housing, wherein the electrical contact comprises a metal substrate and an electrically conductive metal oxide that corresponds to the color of the housing corresponding to an optical path difference between the upper surface and an interface between the electrically conductive metal oxide and the metal substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,461,451

ELECTRONIC DEVICE QUICK RELEASE STRUCTURE

Aplex Technology Inc., N...

1. An electronic device quick release structure comprising:a first carrier board having a first face, a second face and multiple first perforations, the first perforations being connected with the first and second faces;
a second carrier board having a third face, a fourth face and multiple second perforations, the second perforations being connected with the third and fourth faces;
at least one elastic member having a first end and a second end, the first end being connected with the second carrier board; and
a connection member movably disposed on the fourth face and connected with the second end of the elastic member, the connection member having multiple hook sections and an operation section, each hook section having a first guide wall, a second guide wall and a restriction notch, the hook section correspondingly passing through the first and second perforations, the first and second carrier boards being inserted in the restriction notch, the second face of the first carrier board abutting against and connecting with the third face of the second carrier board, the operation section driving the connection section to reciprocally move, the first guide wall abutting against one end of the first perforation, the second guide wall abutting against the other end of the first perforation.

US Pat. No. 10,461,450

SIGNAL CONNECTOR BRACES

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A signal connector brace for providing mechanical support to a signal connector coupled to a circuit board, the signal connector brace comprising:a housing having an exterior surface;
first and second protrusions extending from the housing to couple the housing to vias of the circuit board thereby positioning the exterior surface of the housing in contact with a corresponding exterior surface of the signal connector to brace the signal connector;
a recess on the housing positioned between locations where the first and second protrusions respectively join the housing, wherein the recess is configured to receive a mechanical fastener for coupling the signal connector brace to the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,461,449

METHODS FOR THE ACYLATION OF MAYTANSINOL

IMMUNOGEN, INC., Waltham...

1. A method of preparing a compound represented by the following formula:the method comprising:a) reacting maytansinol with an N-carboxyanhydride in a reaction mixture additionally comprising diisopropylethylamine and zinc triflate, wherein the N-carboxyanhydride is represented by the following formula:

 thereby forming the compound of Formula (6a):

b) reacting unreacted N-carboxyanhydride from the reaction mixture in step a) with methanol;
c) reacting the compound of formula (6a) with a carboxylic acid having the formula R3COOH in the presence of a condensing agent or with an activated carboxylic acid having the formula R3COX, to form a compound represented by the following formula:

 wherein R2 is methyl; R3 is —Y—S—SR4; Y is —CH2CH2— or —CH2CH2C(CH3)2—; R4 is —CH3; —COX is N-succinimidyl ester; and
d) reacting the compound of formula (IIIa) with a reducing agent to form the compound DM1 or DM4.

US Pat. No. 10,461,448

BOARD MOUNTING TERMINAL

Tyco Electronics Japan G....

1. A board mounting terminal extending like a rod:(a) for being inserted into a through-hole in a circuit board and being soldered to the circuit board,
(b) having a tip portion, and
(c) having a recessed groove in a face of the board mounting terminal:
(1) extending in a direction of extension of the board mounting terminal,
(2) having a tip end in the tip portion of the board mounting terminal, and
(3) having an area of a recess of the recessed groove in a cross-section extending in a direction transverse to the direction of extension of the board mounting terminal decreasing as a distance from the tip portion of the board mounting terminal, oriented in a direction of insertion of the board mounting terminal, increases.

US Pat. No. 10,461,447

SOCKET RECEIVING AN ELECTRONIC COMPONENT HAVING A PLURALITY OF CONTACT PADS

Tyco Electronics Japan G....

1. A socket, comprising;(a) a housing made of an insulating board and having:
(1) a plurality of passageways arranged in the housing, each of the passageways extending through the housing from a first surface of the housing to an opposite second surface of the housing and having an inner wall surface plated with a conductive material;
(2) a first conductive pad formed on the second surface of the housing so as to correspond to one of the passageways, the first conductive pad being electrically continuous with the conductive material of the inner wall surface of the passageway and extending from the passageway; and
(3) a solder ball attached to the first conductive pad; and
(b) a plurality of contacts arranged on the first surface of the housing, each of the contacts further having a contact portion positioned above the first surface of the housing, a solder-joint portion to be surface mounted on a second conductive pad along the first surface of the housing, and an insertion portion corresponding to one of the plurality of passageways to be press-fitted into one of the plurality of passageways and separated along a length of the insertion portion, from the conductive material of the inner wall surface of the passageway and from the second surface, and the contact being electrically connected to both the conductive material of the inner wall surface of the passageway and a contact pad of an electronic component.

US Pat. No. 10,461,446

WELDING COLUMN COMBINATION AND POWER SUPPLY MODULE THEREOF

DELTA ELECTRONICS (THAILA...

1. A welding column combination comprising:at least two metal welding columns, each metal welding column having a first end and a second end opposite to the first end, wherein at least one of the metal welding columns has welding surfaces at the first end and the second end respectively; and
at least one insulator block assembling the at least two metal welding columns as a unitary physical combination, wherein the insulator block comprises at least one insulation gap portion and at least two protrusion engaging portions, the insulation gap portion is configured to space adjacent-two of the at least two metal welding columns from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,461,445

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR IMPEDANCE MULTIPLICATION

PSIQUANTUM CORP., Palo A...

1. An electric circuit, comprising:a first superconducting component having a first terminal, a second terminal, and a constriction region between the first terminal and the second terminal;
a second superconducting component having a third terminal and a fourth terminal; and
a first electrically-insulating component that thermally couples the first superconducting component and the second superconducting component such that heat produced at the constriction region is transferred through the first electrically-insulating component to the second superconducting component;
wherein the second superconducting component has a first portion between the third terminal and the fourth terminal; and
wherein the second superconducting component is positioned so that the first portion of the second superconducting component is in proximity with the first superconducting component such that heat produced at the first superconducting component transfers to the first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,444

ELECTRICAL WIRING DEVICES WITH SCREWLESS CONNECTION TERMINALS

HUBBELL INCORPORATED, Sh...

1. A blade-type electrical receptacle comprising:a housing comprising a main body having a plurality of cavities, a front cover removably secured to a first side of the main body and having a plurality of blade receiving slots, and a rear cover removably secured to a second side of the main body and having a plurality of wire receiving apertures and a plurality of plunger openings; and
a plurality of contact assemblies;
wherein one of the plurality of contact assemblies is positioned at least partially within one of the plurality of a cavities and is accessible from one of the plurality of wire receiving apertures and one of the plurality of plunger openings in the rear cover, and is accessible from one of the plurality of blade receiving slots in the front cover;
wherein each of the plurality of the contact assemblies comprises:
a contact member having a contact body and at least two contact fingers extending from the contact body wherein the at least two contact fingers are aligned with one of the plurality of blade receiving slots in the front cover;
a wire terminal forming an electrically conductive path with the contact member, the wire terminal comprising a contact arm secured to the contact body, a clamp brace secured to the contact arm and a clamp spring secured to the clamp brace, the clamp spring being movable relative to the clamp brace between a closed position where a wire can be clamped between the clamp spring and the clamp brace with a force that is substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the wire so that the clamp spring can compress the wire against the clamp brace, and an open position where a wire can be inserted through one of the plurality of wire receiving apertures in the rear cover and between the clamp spring and the clamp brace; and
a plunger positioned within one of the plurality of cavities and extending at least partially through one of the plurality of plunger openings in the rear cover, the plunger being interactive with the clamp spring such that movement of the plunger in a first direction outward relative to the rear cover causes the plunger to apply a mechanical load to the clamp spring to cause the clamp spring to move from the closed position to the open position and movement of the plunger in a second direction inward relative to the rear cover removes the mechanical load from the clamp spring so that to the clamp spring is biased from the open position to the closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,461,443

SPLIT GROUNDING BUSHING WITH REMOVABLE SPACER

Bridgeport Fittings, LLC,...

1. A split grounding bushing for placement on an end of an electrical metallic tubing (EMT) or an end of a rigid conduit, comprising:a first metal bushing portion forming a first portion of a ring having a first end and a second end,
a second metal bushing portion forming a second portion of the ring having a first end and a second end,
at least one grounding screw extending through said first or second metal bushing portion positioned to make electrical contact with the EMT or rigid conduit,
a lug having an opening, the lug secured to one of the metal bushing portions,
a retaining screw threaded into said lug and extending into the opening so as to secure a ground conductor thereto,
a hinge formed at the second end of the first metal bushing portion and the second end of the second metal bushing portion, so that the first end of the first metal bushing portion and the first end of the second metal bushing portion can be opened to extend around the end of the EMT or rigid conduit and then closed, and
a removable metallic spacer having a shape that is a section of a cylinder, the removable spacer having an inner smooth surface with a radius of curvature substantially corresponding to a radius of curvature of an outer surface of the EMT so as to electrically bond to the EMT, the removable spacer also having an outer smooth surface corresponding to a radius of curvature of an inner surface of the second metal bushing portion so as to electrically bond to the second metal bushing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,442

PRESSURE CONTACT TERMINAL FOR CONNECTING ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND WIRE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A pressure contact terminal comprising:a component clip configured to clip an electronic component and be electrically connected with the electronic component;
a pressure contact blade to be connected with a wire by pressure contact;
a step connection configured to connect the component clip and the pressure contact blade to each other at different bottom face heights;
a first bent portion connecting the step connection and the component clip to each other at a first bending angle; and
a second bent portion connecting the step connection and the pressure contact blade to each other at a second bending angle.

US Pat. No. 10,461,441

ALUMINUM ALLOY ELEMENT WIRE, ALUMINUM ALLOY STRANDED WIRE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ALUMINUM ALLOY STRANDED WIRE, AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRIC WIRE, AND WIRE HARNESS

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An aluminum alloy element wire for use as a conductor of an automotive cable, having:a chemical composition comprising in mass percent
Mg: 0.3% or more and 0.9% or less,
Si: 0.1% or more and 0.7% or less,
Fe: 0.1% or more and 0.4% or less,
at least one element selected from the group consisting of Cu, Cr, Ni, and Zr: 0.01% or more and 0.5% or less in total, and
the balance being Al and unavoidable impurities; and
a surface roughness Ra being in the range of 0.15 ?m or more and 2 ?m or less as measured with a non-contact surface roughness measuring machine.

US Pat. No. 10,461,440

ANTENNA-TRANSMITTER ARRAY

University of Zagreb Facu...

1. A self-oscillating radiofrequency transmitter comprising:a negative impedance converter having an input port and an output port;
a first antenna electrically coupled to said input port of said negative impedance converter; and
a second antenna electrically coupled to said output port of said negative impedance converter;
wherein self-oscillation of a signal of arbitrary waveform is generated in the negative impedance converter and the first and second antennas without using any resonant element;
wherein said self-oscillation results in the first antenna emitting electromagnetic radiation of a first polarization and the second antenna emitting electromagnetic radiation of a second polarization, such that a superposition of the emissions from the first and second antennas is emitted at a first frequency by the radiofrequency transmitter; and
wherein no electrical connection is present between either one of the first and second antennas and any radiofrequency source external to the negative impedance converter.

US Pat. No. 10,461,439

FLEXIBLE POLYMER ANTENNA WITH MULTIPLE GROUND RESONATORS

TAOGLAS GROUP HOLDINGS LI...

1. An antenna assembly, comprising:an antenna radiating element; and
a ground conductor comprising a plurality of at least three sub-elements, wherein the sub-elements are ground resonators, and wherein the sub-elements are progressively larger in at least one dimension farther from the antenna radiating element;
wherein the antenna radiating element is positioned adjacent to the ground conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,461,438

WIDEBAND MULTI-LEVEL ANTENNA ELEMENT AND ANTENNA ARRAY

Communication Components ...

1. A wideband single antenna element comprising: a first conductive patch on a first plane; a second conductive patch on a second plane, said second patch being spaced apart from said first patch; a third conductive patch on a third plane, said third patch being spaced apart from said second patch such that said second patch is between said first patch and said third patch; wherein said first patch is spaced apart from a ground plane such that said first patch is between said ground plane and said second patch and where said first conductive patch on said first plane is spaced apart from said second conductive patch on said second plane at a first distance and where said second conductive patch on said second plane is spaced apart from said third conductive patch on said third plane at a second distance, the second distance being a larger spacing than said first distance: and said antenna element receives a signal feed by way of a slot in said ground plane; said first, second, and third planes are parallel to each other and to said ground plane.

US Pat. No. 10,461,437

MULTI-LAYER ABSORBER

ARC Technologies LLC, Am...

1. A multi-layer absorber, comprising:a plurality of polymeric layers disposed relative to one another to form a polymeric stack having an input layer and an output layer such that said input layer includes a radiation-receiving surface for receiving incident electromagnetic radiation and said output layer includes an exit surface through which at least a portion of the received radiation, if any, exits the stack, wherein the number of the plurality of polymeric layers is greater than 2 and equal to or less than 20,
a plurality of radiation-absorbing additives distributed within at least one of said plurality of polymeric layers, wherein a concentration of the plurality of radiation-absorbing additives is greater in said input layer relative to a concentration of said radiation-absorbing additives in said output layer, wherein said plurality of radiation-absorbing additives is capable of absorbing electromagnetic energy at one or more frequencies in a range of about 1 GHz to about 110 GHz,
wherein the real dielectric constants of said polymeric layers progressively increase from the input layer to the output layer for one or more frequencies in a range of about 1 GHz to about 110 GHz, and
wherein the absorber exhibits a coefficient of reflection equal to or less than about 0.3 and a coefficient of transmission equal to or less than about 0.3 for at least one incident radiation frequency in the range of about 1 GHz to about 110 GHz.

US Pat. No. 10,461,435

MULTIPLE TUNED FRESNEL ZONE PLATE REFLECTOR ANTENNA

TIONESTA, LLC, Austin, T...

1. A dual tuned, portable, storable, Ku-band very small aperture terminal antenna for transmitting to and receiving from a satellite comprising:a flat antenna reflector that includes a plurality of discrete physical subsections comprising a first set of discrete physical subsections and a second set of discrete physical subsections; and
a feed horn, wherein
the flat antenna reflector is able to be disassembled into a disassembled flat antenna reflector, wherein the discrete physical subsections disassemble and stack to reduce storage volume, and
the flat antenna reflector is assembled into an assembled flat antenna reflector, the assembled flat antenna reflector comprising a first Fresnel zoneplate pattern (FZP) formed by the first set of discrete physical subsections centered at a first frequency and a second FZP centered formed by the second set of discrete physical subsections at a second frequency different from the first frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,461,434

METAMATERIALS FOR SURFACES AND WAVEGUIDES

Duke University, Durham,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a waveguide; and
a plurality of adjustable elements distributed along the waveguide, each having a dipolar response to a guided wave mode of the waveguide, the plurality of adjustable elements corresponding to a plurality of apertures in a bounding conducting surface of the waveguide;
wherein the dipolar response is a magnetic dipolar response or an electric dipolar response.

US Pat. No. 10,461,433

METAMATERIALS FOR SURFACES AND WAVEGUIDES

Duke University, Durham,...

6. An apparatus, comprising:a continuous conducting surface having a plurality of openings, each opening complemented by a discrete conducting patch separated from the continuous conducting surface, the plurality of openings and patches providing a spatially-varying effective refractive index;
wherein the continuous conducting surface is a bounding surface of a parallel plate waveguide structure, and the spatially-varying effective refractive index is a spatially-varying effective refractive index for transverse electromagnetic (TEM) waves that propagate within the waveguide structure and parallel to the continuous conducting surface; and
wherein the waveguide structure defines an input port for receiving input electromagnetic energy, and an output port for transmitting output electromagnetic energy.

US Pat. No. 10,461,432

COLLAPSIBLE FEED STRUCTURES FOR REFLECTOR ANTENNAS

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A collapsible line feed for a reflector antenna, the line feed comprising:a plurality of metallic disks; and
a flexible monopole passing through the plurality of metallic disks,
wherein the line feed is flexible such that the metallic discs may be stacked for deployment and the flexible monopole may be extended when deployed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,431

ELECTRICALLY TUNABLE MINIATURE ANTENNA

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a radiator including a first radiator and a second radiator;
a first reactive circuit having a first end coupled to the radiator, the first reactive circuit having a predetermined impedance and being configured to adjust an impedance of the radiator to cause the radiator to resonate at a first frequency range;
a tuning adjuster circuit that is connected to the first end of the first reactive circuit, the tuning adjuster having an adjustable impedance and comprising a plurality of second reactive circuits, each second reactive circuit from among the plurality of second reactive circuits having a different selectable predetermined impedance to cause the radiator to resonate at a frequency that is different than the first frequency range based upon which of the plurality of second reactive circuits is selected; and
a pre-matching component configured to match a combined impedance of the first radiator and the second radiator to the first reactive circuit,
wherein the first reactive circuit is coupled to the pre-matching component via a point on a transmission line that has an impedance matching that of the pre-matching component.

US Pat. No. 10,461,430

HIGH-EFFICIENCY BROADBAND ANTENNA

WORLDWIDE ANTENNA SYSTEM ...

1. A crossed-field antenna system, comprising:an E-cylinder tuning circuit operably coupled to an E-cylinder;
a D-plate tuning circuit operably coupled to a D-plate;
a transmitter feed tuning circuit operably coupled to a transmitter, the E-cylinder tuning circuit, and the D-plate tuning circuit;
at least one signal sensor; and
a controller operably coupled to the transmitter feed tuning circuit, the E-cylinder tuning circuit, the D-plate tuning circuit, and the at least one signal sensor, the controller including at least one processor configured to:
determine a current ratio to provide approximately equal power to the E-cylinder and the D-plate;
set a reactance of the E-cylinder tuning circuit and a reactance of the D-plate tuning circuit based on the current ratio;
determine a combined impedance value based at least in part on the reactance of the E-cylinder tuning circuit and the reactance of the D-plate tuning circuit; and
set a reactance of the transmitter feed tuning circuit based on the combined impedance value.

US Pat. No. 10,461,429

SWITCHED ANTENNA ASSEMBLY

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A consumer electronic product, comprising:a housing having walls that define an internal volume, wherein a portion of one of the walls is a radio frequency (RF) antenna;
a connector electrically coupled to the RF antenna, the connector having a fixed length;
a switchable inductor array electrically coupled to the RF antenna via the connector, the switchable inductor array comprising inductive elements that cooperate with the connector to define an inductance of the connector; and
a switch circuit coupled to the switchable inductor array and arranged to select at least one of the inductive elements to vary the inductance of the connector.

US Pat. No. 10,461,428

MULTI-LAYER ANTENNA

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A multi-layer laminate antenna comprising:a feed line configured to convey electricity;
a radiator coupled to the feed line, comprising metal disposed in a first layer of the antenna, and having an edge of a length to radiate energy at a radiating frequency; and
dummy metal disposed in a second layer of the antenna that is different from the first layer of the antenna, the dummy metal configured to radiate an insignificant amount of energy, if any, at the radiating frequency;
wherein a first portion of the dummy metal is at least partially disposed outside an overlapped area of the second layer that is overlapped by the radiator and is configured such that any linear edge of the first portion of the dummy metal disposed outside the overlapped area is less than half of a radiating wavelength corresponding to the radiating frequency, and
wherein the dummy metal is absent from a region of the second layer that overlaps a perimeter of the radiator, the dummy metal being displaced from a first orthogonal projection of a perimeter of the radiator onto the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,427

ANTENNA AND ELECTRONIC DEVICES COMPRISING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a first antenna radiator;
a substrate comprising:
a first grounding area for the first antenna radiator,
a non-grounding area, and
at least one feeding unit;
a non-segmented metal case comprising a rear case of the electronic device; and
a nonmetal area arranged between the non-segmented metal case and the substrate,
wherein the at least one feeding unit feeds the first antenna radiator,
wherein the rear case is directly connected to the first grounding area of the substrate,
wherein the rear case includes a second grounding area for the first antenna radiator, and
wherein at least a part of the first antenna radiator is patterned on the substrate, and the other part of the first antenna radiator is arranged in the nonmetal area.

US Pat. No. 10,461,426

WIRELESS ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS CHARGING AND NFC COMMUNICATION AND WIRELESS TERMINAL TO WHICH SAME IS APPLIED

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A wireless antenna comprising;a wireless communication antenna comprising a first wireless communication coil and a second wireless communication coil; and
a wireless charging antenna comprising a wireless charging coil,
wherein the wireless charging coil is disposed inside the first wireless communication coil, and the second wireless communication coil is disposed inside the wireless charging coil,
wherein the wireless communication antenna further comprises a coil connection member traversing the wireless charging coil so as to interconnect the first wireless communication coil and the second wireless communication coil,
wherein a number of windings of the second wireless communication coil is less than a number of windings of the first wireless communication coil, and
wherein a width of a winding of the second wireless communication coil is less than a width of a winding of the first communication coil.

US Pat. No. 10,461,425

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a metallic member, the metallic member defining at least one slot and being divided into a first combining portion and a second combining portion by the at least one slot;
a feed portion, the feed portion electrically connected to the first combining portion and configured to feed current to the first combining portion;
a ground portion, the ground portion electrically connected to the first combining portion and configured to ground the first combining portion; and
a radiator, the radiator electrically connected to the second combining portion and configured to feed current to the second combining portion; wherein the radiator comprises a feed section, a radiating portion, and a ground section, the feed section is electrically connected to the radiating portion to feed current to the radiating portion, the radiating portion is positioned at a plane perpendicular to a plane of the feed section, the radiating portion comprises a first radiating section, a second radiating section, a third radiating section, and a fourth radiating section; wherein one end of the first radiating section is perpendicularly connected to the feed section, and another end of the first radiating section is electrically connected to the metallic member; wherein the second radiating section is perpendicularly connected to the first radiating section, and the third radiating section is perpendicularly connected to an end of the second radiating section away from the first radiating section; wherein one end of the fourth radiating section is perpendicularly connected to one end of the third radiating section away from the second radiating section, and another end of the fourth radiating section is electrically connected to the metallic member; wherein one end of the ground section is electrically connected to one end of the first radiating section, and another end of the ground section is grounded;
wherein the first combining portion, the feed portion, and the ground portion cooperatively form a first antenna of the antenna structure, the second combining portion and the radiator cooperatively form a second antenna of the antenna structure, the first antenna activates a first mode to generate radiation signals in a first frequency band, and the second antenna activates a second mode to generate radiation signals in a second frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,461,424

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a metallic member, the metallic member comprising a front frame, a backboard, and a side frame, the side frame being positioned between the front frame and the backboard; and
a first feed source electrically connected to the front frame;
wherein the side frame comprises at least a top portion, a first side portion, and a second side portion, the first side portion and the second side portion are respectively connected to two ends of the top portion;
wherein the side frame defines a slot, the slot is defined on the top portion; and
wherein the front frame defines a gap, the gap communicates with the slot and extends across the front frame.

US Pat. No. 10,461,423

MULTI-FREQUENCY ANTENNA

Unictron Technologies Cor...

1. A multi-frequency antenna comprising:a circuit board, comprising a ground layer, a clearance area and at least one signal feeding terminal;
at least one substrate disposed within said clearance area;
a first resonance unit connected to said signal feeding terminal, wherein part or all of said first resonance unit is disposed on a surface of said substrate or within said substrate;
a first filtering element connected to said first resonance unit; and
a second resonance unit connected to said first filtering element, and thus said first filtering element is disposed between said first resonance unit and said second resonance unit, wherein part or all of said second resonance unit is disposed on said surface of said substrate or within said substrate, wherein said first resonance unit forms a first resonant frequency of said multi-frequency antenna, and said first resonance unit, said first filtering element and said second resonance unit jointly form a second resonant frequency of said multi-frequency antenna, wherein said first filtering element shows a high impedance towards a signal with said first resonant frequency to isolate said first resonant frequency signal from said second resonance unit, wherein said first filtering element shows a low impedance towards a signal with said second resonant frequency, and said second resonant frequency signal is capable of passing through said first filtering element, wherein said second resonant frequency is lower than said first resonant frequency, and said second resonant frequency is independent of said first resonant frequency, wherein there is no any switch between said first resonance unit, said first filtering element, said second resonance unit and said ground layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,422

BALANCED ANTENNA

Airgain Incorporated, Sa...

1. A balanced antenna system comprising:a cable;
an antenna comprising a first infinite balun, a second infinite balun, and a feeding gap; and
wherein the cable transports a radio signal from the antenna to a radio and from a radio to the antenna;
wherein the first infinite balun and the second infinite balun transform an unbalanced transmission line characteristic of the cable to the balanced feeding of the antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,461,421

CELLULAR SYSTEM

1. A system, comprising:a city light or a street light or a device mounted on a pole, the city light or the street light or the device having a housing;
one or more antennas mounted on the housing; and
a processor to control a directionality of the one or more antennas in communication with a predetermined target using 5G protocols, wherein the processor calibrates a connection by analyzing Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) and Transmit Signal Strength Indicator (TSSI) and moves the one or more antennas until one or more predetermined cellular parameters are reached.

US Pat. No. 10,461,420

SWITCHABLE TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

8. A method for fabricating a switchable transmit and receive phased array antenna (“STRPAA”) with either a first elliptical polarization or a second elliptical polarization, wherein the STRPAA is fabricated from components that include a housing, a plurality of radiating elements, a plurality of transmit and receive (“T/R”) modules, a first multilayer printed wiring board (“MLPWB”), and a second MLPWB, wherein the first MLPWB is configured to produce the first elliptical polarization and the second MLPWB is configured to produce the second elliptical polarization, the method including:inserting into the housing either
the first MLPWB to configure the STRPAA to produce the first elliptical polarization or
the second MLPWB to configure the STRPAA to produce the second elliptical polarization;
attaching the plurality of radiating elements either
to a first MLPWB top surface of the first MLPWB if the first MLPWB is inserted in the housing,
wherein the plurality of radiating elements are attached to the first MLPWB top surface at a predetermined azimuth position or
to a second MLPWB top surface of the second MLPWB if the second MLPWB is inserted in the housing
wherein attaching the plurality of radiating elements includes rotating each element of the plurality of radiating elements, by approximately 180 degrees in azimuth, from the predetermined azimuth position, prior to attaching the plurality of radiating elements to the second MLPWB top surface; and
attaching the plurality of T/R modules either to
a first MLPWB bottom surface of the first MLPWB if the first MLPWB is inserted in the housing or to
a second MLPWB bottom surface of the second MLPWB if the second MLPWB is inserted in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,461,419

ANTENNA ADJUSTMENT APPARATUS AND REMOTE ELECTRICAL TILT ANTENNA

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. An antenna adjustment apparatus, configured to adjust a downtilt angle of an antenna assembly;wherein the antenna assembly comprises a plurality of phase shifters;
wherein the antenna adjustment apparatus comprises:
a first drive wheel, a first rotating shaft;
a gear carrier;
a first gear;
a second drive wheel;
a second gear; and
a plurality of output gears;
wherein the first drive wheel is meshed with the first gear;
wherein the second drive wheel is meshed with the second gear, and an axis of the second gear coincides with an axis of the first drive wheel;
wherein the plurality of output gears are connected to the plurality of phase shifters in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
wherein the gear carrier is sleeved on the first rotating shaft;
wherein the second gear is fixedly connected to the gear carrier;
wherein the first gear is configured to rotate together with the gear carrier;
wherein the second drive wheel is configured to propel the second gear to rotate and drive the first gear to revolve around the axis of the second gear, so that the first gear is selectively meshed with one of the plurality of output gears; and
wherein the first drive wheel is configured to propel the first gear to rotate and drive the output gear meshed with the first gear to rotate, and the output gear is configured to propel the phase shifter connected to the output gear.

US Pat. No. 10,461,418

PHOTONIC MICROWAVE TIME DELAY APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF

National Cheng Kung Unive...

1. A photonic microwave time delay apparatus, comprising:an optical input, wherein the optical input is an optical signal carrying a time-to-be-delayed microwave signal;
an optical output, wherein the optical output is an optical signal carrying a time-delayed microwave signal; and
a photonic microwave time delay module comprising a microwave-time-delay laser to convert the optical input into the optical output, wherein an optical power and a carrier frequency of the optical input are adjusted so as to excite a laser cavity resonance red-shift effect in the microwave-time-delay laser.

US Pat. No. 10,461,417

POWER FEED CIRCUIT AND ANTENNA DEVICE

Hitachi Metals, Ltd., To...

1. A power feed circuit for feeding power to first through fifth antenna elements sequentially arranged in a horizontal direction, the power feed circuit comprising:a 90-degree hybrid circuit that comprises two input terminals for inputting a power-feed signal and two output terminals, equally distributes electrical power input from the two input terminals and outputs the distributed electrical power from the two output terminals and is configured such that the power-feed signal input from one of the input terminals is output to an other of the output terminals by being phase-delayed by 90 degrees relative to one of the output terminals, and that the power-feed signal input from an other of the input terminals is output to the one of the output terminals by being phase-delayed by 90 degrees relative to the other of the output terminals;
an equal distribution circuit by which the power-feed signal output from the one of the output terminals is equally distributed and output to the second and fourth antenna elements; and
a distribution circuit by which the power-feed signal output from the other of the output terminals is distributed and output to the first, third and fifth antenna elements,
wherein the distribution circuit distributes such that electrical power output to the first and fifth antenna elements is equal and that a sum of electrical power output to the first and fifth antenna elements is not more than electrical power output to the third antenna element, and
wherein a phase-inverted power is fed to the third antenna element and either one of the second and fourth antenna elements.

US Pat. No. 10,461,416

APERTURE SEGMENTATION OF A CYLINDRICAL FEED ANTENNA

KYMETA CORPORATION, Redm...

1. A flat panel antenna comprising: an antenna feed to input a cylindrical feed wave; anda physical antenna aperture coupled to the antenna feed and comprising a plurality of segments having antenna elements, wherein each of the antenna elements is operable to radiate radio frequency (RF) energy, and wherein each of the plurality of segments is physically distinct from other segments in the plurality of segments and the plurality of segments are coupled together to form an array of antenna elements in a pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,461,414

ANTENNA HAVING DIELECTRIC SHEET LOADING TO CONTROL BEAM WIDTH

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. An antenna for a wireless communication system comprising:a columnar array of dipole radiating elements; and
a substantially flat sheet of dielectric material, wherein the sheet of dielectric material is positioned over the columnar array of dipole radiating elements and spaced at a predetermined distance from the dipole radiating elements, and wherein the sheet of dielectric material extends over at least a majority portion of the array of dipole radiating elements, and wherein the sheet of dielectric material narrows an azimuth beam width of a beam formed by the array of dipole radiating elements; and
a radome that covers the array of dipole radiating elements.

US Pat. No. 10,461,413

ENCLOSURE FOR MILLIMETER-WAVE ANTENNA SYSTEM

PERASO TECHNOLOGIES INC.,...

1. An antenna system, comprising:a support member having a mounting surface;
a plurality of electronic components supported on the mounting surface;
an antenna supported on the support member adjacent to a perimeter of the mounting surface, for transmitting and receiving ultra-high frequency radio waves of wavelength ?; and
an enclosure having a top portion and a bottom portion for enclosing the support member and a radome for enclosing the antenna, wherein a center of curvature of the radome is positioned less than 1?, from an end of the antenna elements for minimizing the area illuminated by the antenna and minimizing secondary out-of-phase radiation sources, and wherein the radome has a thickness of approximately ?/5 and the radome has a radius of less than 1?, for minimizing ripples in the antenna radiation pattern and power losses.

US Pat. No. 10,461,412

MICROWAVE MODULATION DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A microwave modulation device, comprising:a first radiator comprising:
a substrate;
a metal layer disposed on the substrate;
a protective layer disposed on at least a portion of the metal layer, and having a through hole, wherein the through hole overlaps with a portion of the metal layer; and
an etch-stop layer disposed between the metal layer and the protective layer;
a second radiator disposed corresponding to the first radiator;
a sealing wall disposed between the first radiator and the second radiator; and
a modulation structure disposed between the first radiator and the second radiator.

US Pat. No. 10,461,411

ANTENNA AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a front glass cover defining a front surface of the electronic device;
a rear cover defining a rear surface of the electronic device;
a display comprising a screen area exposed through the front cover;
a non-metal structure disposed in the electronic device and comprising a first surface facing the front cover and a second surface facing the rear cover;
a metal structure disposed through a portion of the non-metal structure, such that a predetermined area of the metal structure is exposed through the first surface to the second surface of the non-metal structure; and
an antenna structure disposed at a portion of the first surface or the second surface of the non-metal structure and being electrically connected to the metal structure,
wherein the antenna structure comprises:
a second bonding layer attached to a portion of the second surface of the non-metal structure, and including a first opening corresponding to the metal structure, an antenna element pattern arranged on the second bonding layer and electrically connected to the metal structure through the first opening, a first bonding layer arranged on the antenna element pattern and an insulation layer arranged on the first bonding layer,
wherein the first bonding layer and the insulation layer form a second opening above the first opening, and
wherein the metal structure contacts to a conductive connector for supplying a power, and the conductive connector is distinct from the metal structure.

US Pat. No. 10,461,410

COAXIAL HELIX ANTENNAS

CalAmp Wireless Networks ...

1. A coaxial helix antenna, comprising:a helical inner element having an inner element radius and an inner element length; and
a helical outer element having an outer element radius and an outer element length;
wherein the outer element radius is greater than the inner element radius;
wherein the helical inner element is driven by a first conductor;
wherein the helical outer element is driven by a second conductor;
wherein the helical outer element is disposed outside of the helical inner element such that a portion of the helical inner element extends within the helical outer element and another portion of the helical inner element extends beyond the helical outer element and comprises an inner radiating element; and
wherein the helical outer element and the helical inner element are wound in an opposite manner;
wherein the coaxial helix antenna is coupled to a coaxial cable; and
the coaxial cable comprises a conductor and an outer shield and the helical outer element and the helical inner element are cross connected to the conductor and the outer shield of the coaxial cable to stabilize resonance of the coaxial helix antenna and to induce currents on the outside of the outer shield of the coaxial cable;
wherein the helical outer element is coupled to the conductor such that the second conductor comprises the conductor of the coaxial cable; and
the helical inner element is coupled to the outer shield such that the first conductor comprises the outer shield of the coaxial cable.

US Pat. No. 10,461,409

POINTING SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT WITH IMAGING ARRAY FEEDS

1. A spacecraft antenna system comprising:an antenna reflector mechanically coupled with an antenna pointing mechanism (APM), the APM configured to point the antenna reflector in response to commands from an APM controller, the antenna reflector illuminated by a plurality of radiating feed elements configured as a phased array configured to produce, in a far field of the reflector, a set of contiguous abutting user beams;
a beam forming network (BFN) disposed proximate to the phased array, the BFN including a plurality of variable amplitude and phase (VAP) adjusting arrangements;
at least one tracking feed configured to receive an uplink beacon signal from the ground by way of the antenna reflector; and
an RF autotrack receiver configured to measure pointing errors of the antenna reflector from the received uplink beacon signal and output corresponding pointing error information to the APM controller and to a VAP element controller; wherein
the APM controller is configured to use the outputted pointing error information to reduce the measured pointing errors by causing the APM to adjust the reflector pointing, at a frequency less than a first frequency; and
the VAP element controller is configured use the outputted pointing error information to electronically adjust the pointing of the user beams by adjusting beam forming coefficients of one or more of the VAP adjusting arrangements at a second frequency greater than the first frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,461,408

ELECTRICAL TILT APPARATUS, ANTENNA, AND ELECTRICAL TILT METHOD

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. An electrical tilt apparatus, comprising:a remote control unit (RCU), at least one combiner unit, and multiple phase shifters connected to the RCU;
wherein each of the at least one combiner unit is configured to:
connect to a different serial port on the RCU and connect to at least two radio frequency (RF) modules,
receive, at a time point, an electrical tilt signal sent by one of the at least two RF modules, and
send the electrical tilt signal to the RCU;
wherein the RCU is configured to:
receive the electrical tilt signal sent by each combiner unit, and
drive, according to the electrical tilt signal, a first phase shifter that corresponds to a first RF module to move, to adjust a phase of an RF signal input to the first phase shifter, wherein the first RF module is configured to send the electrical tilt signal and the RF signal, and the first phase shifter is one of the multiple phase shifters; and
wherein each combiner unit comprises a direct current power end, an on-off keying (OOK) output end, a resistance-capacitance (RC) circuit connected to the OOK output end, at least two OOK input ends, and at least two combiner modules connected to both the direct current power end and the RC circuit, the at least two combiner modules are connected to the at least two OOK input ends in a one-to-one correspondence manner, each of the at least two combiner modules is connected to different RF modules via one of the at least two OOK input ends, and the direct current power end and the OOK output end are connected to a same serial port on the RCU.

US Pat. No. 10,461,407

FLEXIBLE PLANAR ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS DEVICE TESTING

Keysight Technologies, In...

1. A flexible planar antenna device comprising:a planar body comprising a flexible dielectric material that enables the flexible planar antenna device to be flexibly shapeable to a surface of a wireless device under test (DUT);
an antenna element contained within the planar body and for electromagnetically coupling with at least one antenna of the wireless DUT; and
at least one adhesive element that enables the planar body to attach to and conform to the surface of the DUT, wherein the flexible planar antenna device is further configured to include a pull tab loop element that enables removal of the planar body from the surface of the DUT.

US Pat. No. 10,461,406

LOOP ANTENNA WITH INTEGRATED PROXIMITY SENSING

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An antenna assembly configured to detect proximity of an object, the antenna assembly comprising:a conductive element including an antenna structure;
a capacitive proximity sensor module electrically connected to the conductive element, the capacitive proximity sensor module driving the conductive element to detect proximity of the object to the conductive element;
a radiofrequency (RF) feed antenna positioned to parasitically drive the conductive element for communications in a frequency band of RF signals; and
a second conductive element including another antenna structure, the RF feed antenna being positioned to parasitically drive the second conductive element for communications in a second frequency band of RF signals, the capacitive proximity sensor module using the second conductive element to detect proximity of the object to the second conductive element.

US Pat. No. 10,461,403

ANTENNA DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An antenna device comprising:a first conductive plate that is a conductor formed in a board shape;
a second conductive plate that is a conductor formed in a board shape and disposed to face the first conductive plate with a space therebetween;
a short-circuiting section that is a conductor disposed between the first conductive plate and the second conductive plate, has a housing space formed for housing an electronic component, and is connected to both the first conductive plate and the second conductive plate; and
a connecting section that is a conductor that extends from the electronic component disposed inside the short-circuiting section toward the outside of the short-circuiting section without being electrically connected to the short-circuiting section and the first conductive plate, and extends between the first conductive plate and the second conductive plate from the first conductive plate toward the second conductive plate or from the second conductive plate toward the first conductive plate without being electrically connected to the first conductive plate, to be electrically connected to the second conductive plate, wherein
the electronic component is exposed to outside of the antenna device through the housing space.

US Pat. No. 10,461,402

MOBILE DEVICE WITH ANTENNA-BOOSTING CASE COUPLING

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A mobile device, comprising:a circuit board;
circuitry for transmissive communication, mounted on the circuit board;
an antenna element mounted on the circuit board, in communication with the circuitry to transmit or receive transmissive communication;
an electromagnetic shield that covers the circuitry for transmissive communication, but not the antenna element;
a housing that houses the circuit board with the circuitry for transmissive communication and the antenna element, and that includes a conductive housing element having an elongate segment; and
a coupling device, housed by the housing and external to the electromagnetic shield, electrically coupled to the electromagnetic shield and to a radiation path of the antenna element, as well as coupled to the elongate segment of the conductive housing element.

US Pat. No. 10,461,401

ANTENNA DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An antenna device comprising:a plurality of radiation conductors formed on a circuit board constituted by multiple layers, the plurality of radiation conductors being constituted by a combination of electrically conductive patterns formed on the multiple layers;
at least one ground conductor disposed on the circuit board to supply a reference potential for the plurality of radiation conductors;
at least one feeding line disposed on the circuit board to supply power to the plurality of radiation conductors; and
a plurality of dummy conductors disposed on the circuit board,
wherein a portion of the plurality of dummy conductors are configured to contact with a portion of the plurality of radiation conductors, respectively,
wherein the plurality of radiation conductors includes a first radiation conductor provided in an edge area of the circuit board and a second radiation conductor provided within the circuit board,
wherein the first radiation conductor is disposed adjacent to the second radiation conductor such that the first radiation conductor is configured to be capacitively coupled to the second radiation conductor, and
wherein the second radiation conductor is configured to be electrically coupled to the at least one feeding line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,400

HOUSING INCLUDING ANTENNA, MANUFACTURING METHOD OF HOUSING, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING HOUSING

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing that includes:
a first non-conductive structure including a first surface that surfaces in a first direction and a second surface that surfaces in a second direction that is opposite to the first direction; and
a second non-conductive structure formed integrally with a portion of the first non-conductive structure, and forming at least a portion of a third surface that surfaces in a third direction that is different from the first direction and the second direction;
a first conductive pattern formed to be in physical contact with the first surface of the first non-conductive structure;
a second conductive pattern formed to be in physical contact with the second surface of the first non-conductive structure;
a third conductive pattern electrically connected to the second conductive pattern;
at least one conductive connection part that electrically interconnects the first conductive pattern and the second conductive pattern; and
a communication circuit that uses at least a portion of the first conductive pattern, the second conductive pattern, the third conductive pattern, and the conductive connection part as a radiation pattern,
wherein the second non-conductive structure does not overlap with the first conductive pattern or the second conductive pattern when viewed from above the first surface, and
wherein the third conductive pattern is formed to be in physical contact with the third surface extending to surface in the third direction from the second surface of the first non-conductive structure.

US Pat. No. 10,461,399

WAFER LEVEL PACKAGE WITH INTEGRATED OR EMBEDDED ANTENNA

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. Wafer level package with integrated antenna, comprising:a contacting layer;
a redistribution layer with the integrated antenna;
a chip layer comprising at least one chip arranged between the contacting layer and the redistribution layer;
wherein the integrated antenna is laterally arranged in the redistribution layer such that a projection area of the integrated antenna is offset from or partly overlapping with a projection area of the at least one chip;
wherein the contacting layer comprises a reflector and/or the reflector is arranged on a side facing away from the antenna; and
wherein at least one shielding via is laterally arranged between a main radiation surface of the at least one integrated antenna and the at least one chip, wherein the at least one shielding via is configured to establish shielding between the integrated antenna and the at least one chip.

US Pat. No. 10,461,398

ACCORDION ANTENNA STRUCTURE WITH SIMPLIFIED CONSTRUCTION

Fit Pay, Inc., Carlsbad,...

1. An antenna for generating an electromagnetic field, the antenna comprising:a substrate;
a contiguous core disposed on the substrate; the core comprising a first core mounted on a first surface of the substrate and a second core mounted on a second surface of the substrate opposite the first surface;
a continuous winding comprising turns encircling the core and the substrate, the continuous winding extending in a longitudinal direction with a first gap defined between adjacent turns;
the turns segregated into a plurality of winding segments, each winding segment comprising a plurality of turns; and
a second gap defined between adjacent winding segments, wherein the second gap is larger than the first gap.

US Pat. No. 10,461,397

SURGICAL SPONGES WITH FLEXIBLE RFID TAGS

Augustine Biomedical and ...

10. A surgical sponge, comprising:a sponge body; and
a radiofrequency (RF) tag attached within an interior portion of the sponge body, the tag comprising:
a base layer,
a metal foil loop antenna etched on to the base layer,
an electrically responsive member, and
additional metal foil provided on the base layer when the metal foil loop antenna is etched on to the base layer, the additional metal foil configured to enhance x-ray opacity of the surgical sponge,
wherein the tag includes a radiofrequency (RF) identifier and two or more polymeric protective film layers, the RF identifier being laminated between the two protective film layers, wherein each of the base layer and the protective film layers has one or more tabs that project outward from an outer perimeter of the tag.

US Pat. No. 10,461,396

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOW-POWER CLOSE-PROXIMITY COMMUNICATIONS AND ENERGY TRANSFER USING A MINIATURE MULTI-PURPOSE ANTENNA

Fit Pay, Inc., Carlsbad,...

1. A system for providing information to a magnetic card reader, the system comprising:an antenna having two terminal ends;
a microprocessor for applying an information signal differentially to the antenna by feeding the information signal simultaneously to the two terminal ends of the antenna, the informational signal representing information stored in a memory segment of the microprocessor or in a memory connected to the microprocessor; and
the antenna transmitting an alternating magnetic field representing the information, the alternating magnetic field responsive to the information signal and received by the magnetic card reader.

US Pat. No. 10,461,395

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH NEAR-FIELD ANTENNA OPERATING THROUGH DISPLAY

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a housing;
a near-field communications loop antenna;
a display in the housing that overlaps the near-field communications loop antenna, wherein the near-field communications loop antenna wirelessly communicates using electromagnetic signals passing through the display, and the display comprises a display pixel layer that has an array of display pixels forming images for the display;
a ferromagnetic shielding layer, wherein the near-field communications loop antenna is interposed between the ferromagnetic shielding layer and the display pixel layer;
a display cover layer that overlaps the display; and
a dielectric layer having an inverted-F antenna resonating element formed separately from the near-field communications loop antenna, wherein the dielectric layer having the inverted-F antenna resonating element is mounted at an inner surface of the display cover layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,394

ANTENNA ENCLOSURE, BRACKETS, AND DAS SYSTEM

BEAM WIRELESS, INC., Gre...

1. A communications device for mounting to an environmental element comprising:an enclosure having walls defining an interior area and an opening, the walls including at least one first wall and at least one second wall;
a cover attachable to the opening so as to close the opening;
mounting structure for mounting the enclosure to the environmental element in a predetermined orientation so that the first wall is oriented in a vertically and the second wall is oriented horizontally;
an antenna bracket having a bracket mounting portion with a flange, a first bend adjacent the bracket mounting portion, a central portion having a first leg, a second leg, and a second bend between the first leg and the second leg, the antenna bracket also having an antenna mounting portion and a third bend between the antenna mounting portion and the second leg, the first leg adjacent the first bend extending substantially perpendicular to the bracket mounting portion, the second leg extending substantially perpendicular to the first leg and substantially parallel to the bracket mounting portion, the antenna bracket being mounted via the bracket mounting portion to at least one of the first wall and the second wall in the interior area, the antenna bracket being a unitary metallic element; and
an antenna mounted to the antenna mounting portion of the antenna bracket, the third bend being configured so that the antenna mounting portion and the second leg are substantially non-perpendicular and so that when the enclosure is mounted in the predetermined orientation a ground plane of the antenna extends along a non-horizontal plane, the third bend including a surface irregularity in the form of at least one opening extending through the antenna bracket along the third bend to weaken the antenna bracket along the third bend for preferential bending along the third bend rather than along the first bend or the second bend for selective adjustment of an orientation of the antenna mounting portion and the ground plane.

US Pat. No. 10,461,393

BIDIRECTIONAL COUPLER, MONITOR CIRCUIT, AND FRONT-END CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A bidirectional coupler comprising:a multilayer substrate; and
a first main line, a second main line, and a sub line, wherein the first main line, the second main line, and the sub line are provided in or on the multilayer substrate,
wherein the sub line includes a first line portion being a portion electromagnetically coupled with the first main line and an even number of second line portions being portions electromagnetically coupled with the second main line, one half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and one end portion of the sub line, and another half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and another end portion of the sub line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,392

BIDIRECTIONAL COUPLER, MONITOR CIRCUIT, AND FRONT END CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A bidirectional coupler comprising:a multilayer board; and
a first main line, a second main line, a third main line, and a sub line that are provided in or on the multilayer board, wherein:
the sub line comprises:
a first line portion that is electromagnetically coupled to the first main line,
an even number of second line portions that are electromagnetically coupled to the second main line, and
an even number of third line portions that are electromagnetically coupled to the third main line,
a first half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and a first end of the sub line, and a second half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and a second end of the sub line,
a first half of the even number of third line portions are provided between the first half of the second line portions and the first end of the sub line, and a second half of the even number of third line portions are provided between the second half of the second line portions and the second end of the sub line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,391

EXPANDED WAVEGUIDE INCLUDING MULTILATERAL PILLARS FORMING MULTIPLE CHANNELS THEREIN

KOREA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH...

1. An expanded waveguide expanded in a direction of an E-plane to provide uniform electromagnetic field comprising:an expanded area expanded in the direction of the E-plane;
an input transition area and an output transition area connected to both sides of the expanded area and configured to pass an electromagnetic wave; and
entrance parts formed respectively to an end part of the input transition area and an end part of the output transition area, the electromagnetic wave being inputted and outputted through the respective entrance parts,
wherein a plurality of multilateral pillars are arranged in constant space in the transition areas, and a channel is divided along between the multilateral pillars to form a plurality of paths in a tree shape,
wherein the division of the plurality of paths begins from a path at a first entrance part, among the entrance parts, formed to the end part of the input transition area,
wherein each of the plurality of paths from an inlet of the channel corresponding to the first entrance part to an outlet of the divided channel corresponding to the expanded area has the same length,
wherein each of the plurality of multilateral pillars is a rectangular pillar having a cross section of rhombus shape, and
wherein the plurality of multilateral pillars is arranged in different size so that the divided channel forms the tree shape in the input transition area.

US Pat. No. 10,461,390

PHASE SHIFTER AND FEED NETWORK INCLUDING A MICROSTRIP/COPLANAR WAVEGUIDE COUPLING STRUCTURE HAVING VERTICAL PROJECTIONS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

9. A feed network, comprising:a power divider and a phase shifter connected to each branch of the power divider;
wherein the phase shifter comprises at least one phase shift component,
wherein the at least one phase shift component comprises:
a substrate,
a microstrip coupling structure disposed on a first plane of the substrate,
a microstrip transmission line connected to the microstrip coupling structure and disposed on the first plane,
a microstrip/coplanar-waveguide coupling structure, wherein the microstrip/coplanar-waveguide coupling structure comprises,
a microstrip connected to the microstrip transmission line and disposed on the first plane, and
a coplanar waveguide disposed on a second plane of the substrate opposite to the microstrip of the microstrip/coplanar-waveguide coupling structure disposed on the first plane and coupled with the microstrip of the microstrip/coplanar-waveguide coupling structure, wherein one or more vertical projections of a first metal layer of the coplanar waveguide and one or more vertical projections of the microstrip of the microstrip/coplanar-waveguide coupling structure, completely overlap, partially overlap, or are staggered; and
a microstrip input/output port connected to the microstrip coupling structure and a coplanar waveguide input/output port connected to the coplanar waveguide,
wherein a phase shift generated from a signal passing between the microstrip input/output port and the coplanar waveguide input/output port is a phase shift of the at least one phase shift component.

US Pat. No. 10,461,389

CONVERTER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A converter comprising:a first dielectric substrate;
a second dielectric substrate provided above the first dielectric substrate through a first adhesive layer;
a first signal line provided between the first dielectric substrate and the second dielectric substrate;
a first via that penetrates the first dielectric substrate and is coupled to the first signal line on an upper side of the first via;
a first conductor plate provided at least one of below the first dielectric substrate and above the second dielectric substrate;
a plurality of second vias that penetrate the first dielectric substrate and are provided around the first via;
a plurality of third vias that penetrate the second dielectric substrate and are provided at positions corresponding to the plurality of second vias; and
the plurality of second vias and the plurality of third vias being mutually separated.

US Pat. No. 10,461,388

MILLIMETER WAVE FABRIC NETWORK OVER DIELECTRIC WAVEGUIDES

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A radio frequency (RF) communication system between semiconductor package substrates, comprising:an RF waveguide having a first end and a second end, wherein the RF waveguide comprises a structure that is at least partially hollow;
a first semiconductor package substrate that includes a first RF transceiver communicably coupled to the first end of the RF waveguide;
wherein the first RF transceiver includes a first RF signal producing die having a top mounting face and a bottom mounting face; and
a first serializer/deserializer (SERDES) communicably coupled to the first semiconductor package substrate and to the first RF signal producing die;
wherein the first end of the RF waveguide and the first SERDES are disposed on opposite mounting faces of the first RF signal producing die; and
a second semiconductor package substrate that includes a second RF transceiver communicably coupled to the second end of the RF waveguide to provide a RF communication pathway between one or more devices communicably coupled to the first semiconductor package substrate and one or more devices communicably coupled to the second semiconductor package substrate, the second semiconductor package substrate disposed remote from the first semiconductor package substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,461,387

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPROVED CHIP DEVICE PERFORMANCE

Aviat U.S., Inc., Milpit...

1. A chip device for a microwave radio subsystem configured to process radio frequency (RF) signals, the chip device comprising:a first side;
a second side opposite the first side;
a first edge between the first side and the second side;
an electrical through-chip device interconnect configured to provide an electrical connection along the first edge between the first side and the second side, the electrical through-chip device interconnect including a first end on the first side and a second end on the second side;
an electrical path on the first side, the electrical path coupled to the first end of the electrical through-chip device interconnect, the electrical path including one or more tuning stubs, each tuning stub having a first size, a first shape, and a first location, the first size, the first shape, and the first location controlling a first impedance of the electrical path;
a signal port on the second side and coupled to the second end of the second side, the signal port including an RF input port or an RF output port for the chip device, the signal port configured to be coupled to an electrical trace; and
a clearance region disposed around the signal port on the second side of the chip device and not disposed on the first side of the chip device, the clearance region having a second size and a second shape, the first size, the first shape and the first location of the one or more tuning stubs of the electrical path, and the second size and the second shape of the clearance region being selected to reduce return loss of RF signals being transmitted between the electrical path and the electrical trace via the electrical through-chip device interconnect and to substantially reduce impedance mismatch between the electrical path and the electrical trace coupled to the signal port.

US Pat. No. 10,461,386

IMPEDANCE COMPENSATION STRUCTURE FOR BROADBAND NEAR-FIELD MAGNETIC-FIELD PROBE AND ITS CONSTRUCTION METHOD

BEIHANG UNIVERSITY, Beij...

1. An impedance compensation structure for a broadband near-field magnetic-field probe, comprising: a signal via; and a plurality of grounding vias provided around the signal via to form a coaxial via array; wherein the plurality of grounding vias and the signal via have an identical size, all distances between each of the plurality of the grounding vias and the signal via are equal, and the plurality of the grounding vias forms a circle centered at the signal via; wherein each of the plurality of the grounding vias is connected with a magnetic field probe top layer shield plane and a magnetic field probe bottom layer shield plane; each of the plurality of the grounding vias keeps in a conducting state from a direct current to a high frequency, in such a manner that impedance matching of the broadband near-field magnetic-field probe is achieved; by regulating distances between each of the plurality of the grounding vias and the signal via and amounts of the plurality of the grounding vias to accomplish impedance changes caused by the signal via, so as to ensure impedance of the magnetic-field probe is continuous;wherein one of the plurality of the grounding vias and the signal via are a pair of through holes;
wherein the plurality of the grounding vias is connected with the magnetic field probe top layer shield plane and the magnetic field probe bottom layer shield plane; both the magnetic field probe top layer shield plane and the magnetic field probe bottom layer shield plane are connected with the with an external power source to ground; each of the plurality of the grounding vias forms a capacitance with the signal via, wherein a value of a pair of through hole capacitance is calculated according to formula of:

wherein ? is a dielectric constant of a first medium, D is a distance between each of the plurality of the grounding vias to the signal via; and a is a radius of the plurality of the grounding vias and the signal via.

US Pat. No. 10,461,385

JOSEPHSON JUNCTION-BASED CIRCULATORS AND RELATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Yale University, New Hav...

1. A circuit, comprising:a plurality of Josephson junctions arranged in series in a loop;
at least one magnetic element producing magnetic flux through the loop;
a plurality of superconducting resonators, each resonator coupled to the loop between a different neighboring pair of Josephson junctions of the plurality of Josephson junctions;
a plurality of ports, each port coupled to at least one of the plurality of resonators at ends of the resonators opposite to ends at which the resonators are coupled to the loop; and
at least one controller configured to provide input energy to each of the plurality of ports that causes the circuit to function as a circulator between the plurality of ports.

US Pat. No. 10,461,384

FREQUENCY SELECTIVE LIMITER

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A frequency selective limiter comprising:a magnetic material having first and second opposing surfaces; and
a plurality of conductors disposed on the first surface of the magnetic material to form a coplanar waveguide transmission line, wherein a first one of said plurality of conductors corresponding to a first signal conductor having a width which decreases from a first end of the coplanar waveguide transmission line to a second, different end of the coplanar waveguide transmission line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,383

BATTERY ENCLOSURE HAVING A COMPOSITE STRUCTURE WITH A COOLANT CHANNEL

Ford Global Technologies,...

18. A battery assembly, comprising:a thermal exchange plate;
a battery array supported on the thermal exchange plate;
a composite structure of an enclosure, the composite structure including a core sandwiched between a first outer layer and a second outer layer, the first and second outer layers having a material composition different than a material composition of the core, the composite structure including at least one support surface and at least one channel surface, the at least one support surface directly contacting the thermal exchange plate, the at least one channel surface recessed relative to the at least one support surface to provide a recessed area, the thermal exchange plate and the recessed area of the composite structure together providing a coolant channel; and
an insert held within a core of the composite structure, the insert configured to receive a fastener that secures the thermal exchange plate relative to the composite structure.

US Pat. No. 10,461,382

RECEPTACLE FOR A BATTERY MODULE AND BATTERY MODULE HAVING SUCH A RECEPTACLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A receptacle (34) for at least partially pressing accommodation of at least one battery cell (12) for a battery module, said receptacle (34) comprising at least two end plates (10) configured to be arranged on two opposing sides of the at least one battery cell (12), wherein the end plates (10) are connected by a plurality of connecting means (24) fixed to the end plates (10), each of the connecting means having at least two plug-in elements (28) that, for fixing the connecting means (24) to the end plates (10), engage with sockets (22) of the end plates (10) extending in a plane arranged substantially at right angles to the direction of extent of the connecting means (24), wherein the connecting means and the plug-in elements are integrally formed, and wherein the sockets completely pass through the end plates.

US Pat. No. 10,461,381

BATTERY COOLING APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A battery cooling apparatus comprising:a case for housing battery cells arranged in the casing;
a fan device disposed in the case and configured to blow air to cool the battery cells;
a circulation passage formed inside the case and including a collective passage, a top plate side passage and battery passages extending in parallel from portions of the top plate side passage, wherein the circulation passage is configured so that the air blown from the fan device is sucked into the fan device after having circulated through the circulation passage, and having collected in the collective passage after having exchanged heat with the battery cells each of the battery passages extends from a portion of the top plate side passage to the collective passage through a respective one of the battery cells so that a portion of the air, after moving through the top plate passage, flows along a surface of one of the battery cells to the collective passage; and
a discharge passage configured to provide communication between inside and outside of the case to allow part of the air that circulates through the circulation passage to leak to outside the case through the discharge passage after having exchanged heat with the battery cells, the discharge passage including a pressure valve that is configured to open when a predetermined pressure condition is satisfied so that the discharge passage discharges air;
wherein
the fan device includes a first inflow passage and a second inflow passage,
the first inflow passage is part of the circulation passage and configured to allow the air having exchanged heat with the battery cells to be sucked into the fan device through the first inflow passage,
the second inflow passage is configured to provide communication between the outside of the case and the fan device to allow air outside the case to be sucked into the circulation passage through the second inflow passage by negative pressure which is produced by the fan device in the second inflow passage and arises from the discharge of the air through the pressure valve,
the collective passage extends in a direction along which the battery cells are arranged and each of the battery cells is exposed to the collective passage, and
the discharge passage is disposed downstream of a first passage part of the circulation passage and upstream of the first inflow passage so that the air blown from the fan device can exchange heat with the battery cells while passing through the first passage part.

US Pat. No. 10,461,380

BATTERY ATTACHMENT APPARATUSES

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...

1. A battery attachment apparatus to which an electric tool battery is detachably attached comprising:a case as an exterior portion of the battery attachment apparatus, wherein the case includes a front face on which the electric tool battery is detachably attached;
a lock hole formed within the case extending to its interior, establishing communication between an exterior and interior of the case, wherein the lock hole is formed at one face that is different from the front face of the case;
a lock member locked to the lock hole;
a cover member enclosing or closing an opening of the lock hole from within the case; and
a mounting portion provided on an inner surface of the case, wherein the cover member is mounted to the mounting portion, wherein
the mounting portion includes a mounting support portion that faces the lock hole,
the mounting support portion is configured to support the cover member from within the interior of the case toward the lock hole,
the mounting portion is configured such that the cover member is mounted to the mounting portion by moving the cover member along the inner surface of the case,
the mounting portion includes a detachment regulating portion configured to regulate the cover member from detaching with respect to the mounting portion, and
the mounting support portion is configured to allow mounting of the cover member to the mounting portion beyond the detachment regulating portion through elastic deformation of the mounting support portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,379

METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING AND ACTIVATING LITHIUM-ION BASED RESERVE BATTERIES

OMNITEK PARTNERS LLC, Ro...

1. A method for assembling a lithium-ion reserve battery, the method comprising:charging an assembled lithium-ion reserve battery, the assembled lithium-ion battery including electrodes forming a battery cell, electrolyte and a membrane separating the battery cell and the electrolyte, the electrodes being charged into a charged state;
disassembling the charged lithium-ion reserve battery;
rinsing and drying at least the electrodes of the disassembled lithium-ion reserve battery; and
reassembling the lithium-ion reserve battery with the rinsed and dried electrodes in the charged state and without the electrolyte;
wherein the reassembling includes hermetically sealing a housing containing the battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,461,378

METHOD FOR PRODUCING LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method for producing a lithium ion secondary battery comprising a solid solution positive electrode active material represented by the following composition formula:Li(2-0.5x)Mn1-xM1.5xO3 wherein x satisfies 0 the method comprising:
repeatedly charging and discharging the lithium ion secondary battery in charging cycles and discharging cycles, respectively,
the discharging of the lithium ion secondary battery being carried out at a lower current density than a current density during the charging of the lithium ion secondary battery, during each of the charging and discharging cycles until the lithium ion secondary battery has been activated, and
a lower limit value of a battery voltage during each of the discharging cycles of the lithium ion secondary battery being set to a value of 2.0 V to 3.0 V.

US Pat. No. 10,461,377

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING CHARGE CAPACITY OF UPS BATTERY

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method of controlling a battery charging capacity of a battery for uninterruptible power supply according to a temperature, the method comprising:a current temperature detection operation of measuring a current temperature;
an optimal charging capacity detection operation of detecting an optimal charging capacity of the battery corresponding to each temperature;
a current charging capacity detection operation of detecting a current charging capacity of the battery;
a charging capacity comparison operation of comparing the optimal charging capacity with the current charging capacity;
a determination operation of determining a charging and discharging of the battery according to a result of the charging capacity comparison operation; and
a progress operation of charging and discharging the battery according to a result of the determination operation to adjust the charging capacity so that a linear temperature-voltage relationship is set.

US Pat. No. 10,461,376

BUS-BAR ASSEMBLY, POWER BATTERY OVER-LOAD PROTECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD, AND POWER BATTERY ASSEMBLY

NIO NEXTEV LIMITED, Hong...

1. A bus-bar assembly for the power battery of a vehicle, comprising:a first connection arm having one or more connection ends to be connected to an upstream battery cell;
a second connection arm having one or more connection ends to be connected to a downstream battery cell;
a PTC unit connected between the first connection arm and the second connection arm; and
wherein the first connection arm and/or the second connection arm has a constricted portion near the position where the first connection arm and/or the second connection arm is connected to the PTC unit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,375

SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, AND VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A secondary battery comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and an aqueous electrolyte,wherein the aqueous electrolyte includes a first aqueous electrolyte and a second aqueous electrolyte,
the first aqueous electrolyte contains lithium ions,
the second aqueous electrolyte contains lithium ions,
a concentration of the lithium ions contained in the second aqueous electrolyte is higher than the concentration of the lithium ions contained in the first aqueous electrolyte, and
the first aqueous electrolyte is substantially in contact with only the positive electrode among the negative electrode and the positive electrode, and the second aqueous electrolyte is substantially in contact with only the negative electrode among the negative electrode and the positive electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,374

BATTERY INTERNAL TEMPERATURE SENSING BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

The Johns Hopkins Univers...

1. A battery management system comprising:a processor;
a multiplexer;
a second multiplexer;
a current source; and
a measurement circuit,
the measurement circuit being electrically coupled to the processor, and the measurement circuit comprising a gain circuit, a second gain circuit, a buffer, and a root means square converter, the first and second gain circuits increasing the amplitude of a signal received from the multiplexer and the root means square converter converting the signal received from the multiplexer into a direct current signal of equivalent value,
the battery management system is configured to:
send a first command signal to the multiplexer to cause the multiplexer to select a cell of a battery;
send a second command signal to the current source to apply a current to the cell of the battery;
send a third command signal to the second multiplexer to cause the second multiplexer to select a current path, the first and command signals being synchronous commands; and
receive measurement information based on the application of the current to the cell from the measurement circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,373

ADDING DRY METAL OXIDE FOR METAL NITRIDE PARTICLES TO IMPROVE BATTERY CYCLE LIFE AND POWER PERFORMANCE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An assembled electrochemical cell comprising an anode comprising micrometer-size or sub-micrometer size particles of an anode material for cyclically intercalating and de-intercalating lithium ions or sodium ions, a cathode comprising micrometer-size or sub-micrometer size particles of a cathode material for intercalating and de-intercalating the ions utilized in the anode, and a non-aqueous electrolyte composed for transporting ions between the anode and cathode,the electrochemical cell further being characterized by the presence of nanometer-size particles of a basic metal nitride which are mixed with the particles of electrode material for at least one of the anode and cathode, the resulting mixture or mixtures constituting particles of electrode material utilized in the electrochemical cell, the composition and amount of the metal nitride being determined for chemically neutralizing acidic contaminants formed in the operation of the electrochemical cell and for adsorbing incidental water.

US Pat. No. 10,461,372

PROTECTIVE LAYERS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS

Sion Power Corporation, ...

1. An article for use in an electrochemical cell, comprising:a first layer; and
a second layer disposed on the first layer, wherein the second layer comprises a plurality of particles, and wherein the second layer is substantially non-porous,
wherein the plurality of particles comprise an ionically conductive material,
wherein at least a portion of the plurality of particles are at least partially embedded within the first layer,
wherein at least a portion of the plurality of particles are fused to one another,
wherein the second layer has an ionic conductivity between about 10?6 S/cm and about 10?2 S/cm, and
wherein the second layer has an average thickness between about 0.5 microns and about 50 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,461,371

METHOD FOR OPERATING A BATTERY CELL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a lithium ion battery cell (10) comprising at least one rolled or stacked electrode assembly (28) which is arranged in a housing (36) and has a first electrode layer (12), at least one separator layer (16) and a second electrode layer (14) and a nonaqueous electrolyte containing one or more solvents and also one or more electrolyte salts, the method comprising releasing, when a critical state of the battery cell (10) is reached, a chemical substance or a mixture of chemical substances (46) which forms complexes (26) with lithium ions (22) in the electrolyte.

US Pat. No. 10,461,370

SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, AND VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode; and
an electrolyte,
wherein:
the electrolyte comprises a water-containing solvent, an electrolyte salt, and a nitrogen atom-containing organic sulfur compound;
the electrolyte is situated between and around the positive electrode and the negative electrode; and
a concentration of the nitrogen atom-containing organic sulfur compound in the electrolyte is within a range of from 0.001 mM to 20 mM.

US Pat. No. 10,461,369

BATTERY AND BATTERY PACK

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A battery comprising:a flat-shaped electrode group that includes a positive electrode, a positive electrode current collector tab electrically connected to the positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a negative electrode current collector tab electrically connected to the negative electrode, the positive electrode current collector tab being wound into a flat shape and located at a first edge surface, and the negative electrode current collector tab being wound into a flat shape and located at a second edge surface;
a package member that includes a stainless steel-made first package having a flange at an opening and a stainless steel-made second package, and that stores the electrode group in a space formed by welding the flange of the first package to the second package; and
a terminal section that includes a through-hole that is open to the first package, a ring-shaped rising portion that extends from a periphery of the through-hole toward an inside of the package member, a ring-shaped member that is arranged on an outer surface of the rising portion, an insulation gasket that has a cylindrical portion to be inserted into the rising portion, and an external terminal that includes a head portion and a shank portion extending from the head portion, the external terminal being fixed to the first package by caulking with the head portion projecting to an outside of the first package and the shank portion being inserted into the cylindrical portion of the insulation gasket, and the external terminal being electrically connected to the positive electrode or the negative electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,368

DEUTERATED ELECTROLYTE SOLVENTS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electrolyte for a lithium-ion cell comprisinga lithium salt;
a contaminant; and
an organic solvent isotopologue having deuterium substituted for hydrogen.

US Pat. No. 10,461,367

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR AMINO-SUBSTITUTED PHOSPHAZENE COMPOUND, MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION FOR NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A manufacturing method for an amino-substituted phosphazene compound, comprising:reacting a fluorinated phosphazene compound and an amine compound in presence of a catalyst consisting of a compound consisting of a specific element M below and an oxygen atom as constituent elements; and
obtaining an amino-substituted phosphazene compound by substitution reaction between a fluorine atom of the fluorinated phosphazene compound and an amino group of the amine compound,
Specific element M: At least one selected from magnesium, titanium, zirconium, vanadium, lithium, calcium, aluminum, molybdenum, silicon, or boron;
wherein the amino-substituted phosphazene compound is a compound represented by Formula (1) below,

in the formula, Y1 represents —NR1R2, Y2 represents a fluorine atom or —NR3R4, R1 to R4 each independently represent a monovalent substituent or a hydrogen atom, R1 and R2 or R3 and R4 may form a ring, and n represents 1 or 2;
wherein the fluorinated phosphazene compound is represented by Formula (2) below,

in the formula, n represents 1 or 2.

US Pat. No. 10,461,366

ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITIONS FOR BATTERIES

ENEVATE CORPORATION, Irv...

1. An energy storage device, comprising:a first electrode and a second electrode, wherein at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode comprises a self-supporting composite material film, the composite material film comprising:
greater than 0% and less than about 90% by weight of silicon particles,
greater than 0% and less than about 90% by weight of one or more types of carbonized carbon phases, wherein at least one of the one or more types of carbonized carbon phases comprises hard carbon that is a continuous phase that holds the composite material film together such that the silicon particles are distributed throughout the composite material film, and
a silicon carbide layer between the silicon particles and the hard carbon;
a separator between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
an electrolyte in contact with the first electrode, the second electrode, and the separator, wherein the electrolyte comprises at least one of a fluorine-containing cyclic carbonate, a fluorine-containing linear carbonate, and a fluoroether.

US Pat. No. 10,461,365

CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD AND PURIFICATION METHOD FOR SAME, AND NON AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION AND ANTISTATIC AGENT USING SAID CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL

NIPPON SHOKUBAI CO., LTD....

1. A method for producing a conductive material, wherein the conductive material comprises a fluorosulfonylimide salt represented bythe following formula (1)

wherein X is F or a C1-C6 fluoroalkyl group, and at least one organic solvent selected from the group consisting of a carbonate solvent, an ester solvent, a ketone solvent and an alcohol solvent, and
wherein the conductive material has an ion conductivity, comprising the step of filtering a solution comprising the fluorosulfonylimide salt by using a filter medium comprising at least one material selected from the group consisting of a cellulose resin, a polyester resin, a silicon dioxide material and activated carbon,
wherein the conductive material is characterized in that it is filtered using a filter medium having a retained particle diameter of 0.05 ?m or more or 200 ?m or less and, after filtration, the turbidity is 50 NFU/mol-LiFSI or less when measured at 25° C. by a scattering light measuring method using a formazan standard solution.

US Pat. No. 10,461,364

ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVES FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES UNDER HIGH-VOLTAGE OPERATION

UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC, C...

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte for a lithium-ion battery comprising a lithium salt and an additive in an organic solvent; wherein the solvent comprises one or more solvent selected from a linear dialkyl carbonate, a cyclic alkylene carbonate, a sulfolane, a sulfone, a fluoro-substituted linear dialkyl carbonate, a fluoro-substituted cyclic alkylene carbonate, a fluoro-substituted sulfolane, and a fluoro-substituted sulfone; and wherein the additive comprises a compound of Formula (I):
wherein:
R1 is selected from alkyl and substituted-alkyl;
X is selected from halogen, alkoxy, cyano, sulfonyl, sulfonylamido, carboxylic acid, carboxylic ester, and carboxylic amide;
R2 and R3 each independently is Si(R4)3, or R2 and R3 together are Si(R5)2—;
each R4 and R5 independently is selected from alkyl, phenyl, and alkoxy; and
each substituted-alkyl comprises an alkyl moiety substituted with one or more substituent group selected from alkenyl, alkynyl, hydroxy, halogen, amino, alkoxy, carboxylic acid, carboxylic ester, carboxylic amide, phenyl, sulfonic acid, and phosphonic acid.

US Pat. No. 10,461,363

SULFIDE SOLID ELECTROLYTE MATERIAL, BATTERY, AND PRODUCING METHOD FOR SULFIDE SOLID ELECTROLYTE MATERIAL

TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNO...

1. A sulfide solid electrolyte material comprising:a peak at a position of 2?=29.86°±1.00° in X-ray diffraction measurement using a CuK? ray, and
a composition of Li2y+3PS4(0.1?y?0.175).