US Pat. No. 10,193,757

NETWORK TOPOLOGY SYSTEM AND METHOD

NATIONAL CHENG KUNG UNIVE...

1. A network topology system, comprising:a plurality of nodes, wherein each node is one of a single core on chip, a processor, a computer, a group of internally optimized group of computers and a computational center, and a connection is made between any starting node and any destination node in the nodes according to a connection rule;
wherein the network topology system is formed without using a switch for the connection;
wherein the connection rule is built by the steps of:
generating a series of prime number differences by calculating the differences between adjacent prime numbers in a series of prime numbers;
generating a series of communication strategy numbers by calculating the sum of its number and prior numbers for each term of the series of prime number differences;
extracting as many terms as the number of connecting nodes from a recursive sequences to serve as an index series; generating a series of connection strategy numbers by extracting the Nth terms from the series of communication strategy numbers, wherein N stands for each number of the index series; and
generating a series of connecting nodes numbers by calculating the sum of each odd number and each term of the series of connection strategy numbers so as to build the connection rules for each odd-numbered node to connect the nodes numbered corresponding to the numbers of the connecting nodes number series.

US Pat. No. 10,193,744

MASS RESTORATION OF ENTERPRISE BUSINESS SERVICES FOLLOWING SERVICE DISRUPTION

INTUIT INC., Mountain Vi...

1. A computer-implemented method for restoring a plurality of services of an application in a computer network following a service disruption, the method comprising:identifying, via a processor, one or more servers hosting at least one of the services;
identifying at least a first dependency between the at least one of the services and another one of the plurality of services;
generating a run list comprising one or more scripts for restoring the plurality of services in one or more successive phases, wherein each successive phase is determined based on the at least a first dependency, wherein each script is associated with one of the plurality of services and comprises instructions for one of starting, stopping, or restarting the service; and
based on the run list:
saving data of a downstream dependent service in a temporary restoration directory, wherein the downstream dependent service depends on the at least one of the services;
stopping the downstream dependent service;
restarting the at least one of the services;
restarting the downstream dependent service; and
loading the data of the downstream dependent service saved in the temporary restoration directory into the downstream dependent service.

US Pat. No. 10,193,741

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NETWORK INCIDENT IDENTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS

NYANSA, INC., Palo Also,...

1. A method for automatic detection of a network incident from real-time network data, the method comprising:collecting real-time network data;
executing performance calculations on the real-time network data to compute performance metrics;
analyzing, via a remote network manager, (1) the network traffic data from a plurality of network elements in a network and (2) network management data from an enterprise system in the network, wherein the network management data includes L1 through L7 network topology data, network configuration data, and simple network management protocol data;
detecting network incidents from the executed performance calculations on the real-time network data and the analysis of the network traffic data and network management data;
identifying one or more root causes of the detected network incidents; and
determining remediation of the identified one or more root causes of the detected network incidents;
automatically implementing the determined remediation, wherein the remediation of the network incidents comprises programming, via a controller, configuration settings of network infrastructure including one or more of wireless LAN (Local Area Network) controllers, access points, switches, routers, and firewalls.

US Pat. No. 10,193,740

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NOTIFICATION CONTROL

MBIT WIRELESS, INC., Irv...

1. A method for notification control at a client device in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:controlling, by a processing device,
automatically storing, in a memory of the client device, a given event notification preference entry based on user action to change at least one event notification alert setting,
in which a location of the client device and a time of day and day when the at least one event notification alert setting is changed by the user action are automatically obtained other than from user input via an interface of the client device and associated with the given event notification preference entry, in which the given event notification preference entry indicates user alert preference information indicating the change to the at least one event notification alert setting;
based on a determination whether a current location of the client device matches a given location identifier indicated by a first given event notification preference entry of a plurality of given event notification preference entries stored in the memory, automatically enabling and disabling event notification alerting according to the first given event notification preference information entry; and
when a number of the plurality of given event notification preference entries stored in the memory is determined to be at least a predetermined number, starting the automatically enabling and disabling of the event notification alerting.

US Pat. No. 10,193,730

OFDM TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING SYSTEMS AND METHODS THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A transmitting method comprising:identifying information according to a type of symbol of a data signal, from among information related to a position of reserved tone; and
adding a signal for reducing a Peak-to-Average Power ratio (PAPR) into the data signal based on the identified information,
wherein the information related to the position of reserved tone comprises first information and second information,
wherein the first information is related to the position of reserved tone in a first type of symbol, and
wherein the second information is related to the position of reserved tone in a second type of symbol.

US Pat. No. 10,193,721

METHOD, APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR TRANSMITTING AND/OR RECEIVING SIGNALS

Reactive Technologies Lim...

1. A method of decoding, at a receiving device, information encoded in a frequency modulation of a grid frequency of electricity flowing in a synchronous area of an electric power grid, the grid frequency subject to a magnitude of noise fluctuations which vary the grid frequency within a grid frequency range, the method comprising:measuring, at the receiving device, a characteristic of the grid frequency to obtain a grid frequency signal, the grid frequency signal comprising a magnitude of the frequency modulation of the grid frequency that is smaller than the magnitude of noise fluctuations of the grid frequency;
accessing data indicative of a plurality of predetermined code patterns, each of the plurality of code patterns representing a plurality of bits of data;
performing a correlation process, at the receiving device, to determine a correlation between at least a portion of the grid frequency signal and at least one of the plurality of predetermined code patterns; and
decoding the encoded information on the basis of the determined correlation.

US Pat. No. 10,193,710

SYSTEM FOR TRANSMITTING CONTROL SIGNALS OVER TWISTED PAIR CABLING USING COMMON MODE OF TRANSFORMER

ADVOLI LIMITED, Wan Chai...

1. A method, comprising:providing a first transformer having four coils, each of the four coils of the first transformer having a respective center tap, wherein the four coils of the first transformer comprises a first set of coils and a second set of coils, the first set of coils of the first transformer are respectively coupled to a first end of first two twisted pairs of wires, and the second set of coils of the first transformer are respectively coupled to a first end of second two twisted pairs of wires;
receiving, by a first differential transmitter, a first single-ended transmission signal, wherein the first differential transmitter is coupled to the center tap of each of the first set of coils of the first transformer respectively;
converting, by the first differential transmitter, the first single-ended transmission signal to a first differential transmission signal;
transmitting the first differential transmission signal from the first differential transmitter over the first twisted two pairs of wires via the first set of coils of the first transformer using a common mode of the first transformer;
receiving, by a first differential receiver, a first differential reception signal over the second twisted two pairs of wires via the second set of coils of the first transformer using the common mode of the first transformer, wherein the first differential receiver is coupled to the center tap of each of the second set of coils of the first transformer respectively; and
converting, by the first differential receiver, the first differential reception signal to a first single-ended reception signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,701

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING AUTHENTICATION INFORMATION

ICTK Holdings Co., Ltd., ...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a physical unclonable function (PUF) to generate at least one unique key using whether a short or open occurs between nodes generated on a semiconductor element by a process variation in a semiconductor manufacturing process; and
an encryption processor to encrypt received data using the unique key to store the data encrypted.

US Pat. No. 10,193,690

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO SECURE DATA USING COMPUTER SYSTEM ATTRIBUTES

U.S. Bancorp, National As...

9. A computing system, comprising:a computer processor having programmed instructions to acquire values of one or more system attributes from a plurality of system attributes associated with the computing system based on a key generation policy, and transforms the values of the one or more system attributes using a transformation function based on the key generation policy to generate a cryptographic key;
an input/output port that receives a request for encrypting data for storage in a data storage device,
wherein the computer processor encrypts the received data to generate an encrypted data file using the cryptographic key and adds a decryption algorithm to the encrypted data file, and the computer processor provides the encrypted data file to a requesting device, wherein the requesting device generates the received data from the encrypted data file using the decryption algorithm contained in the encrypted file, and the generated cryptographic key.

US Pat. No. 10,193,686

TRIM FOR DUAL-PORT FREQUENCY MODULATION

SUNRISE MICRO DEVICES, IN...

1. A transceiver of a radio, comprising:a demodulator;
a dual-port frequency modulator;
a phase-locked loop, where a signal generated by the phase-locked loop is modulated to generate a modulated signal from the phase-locked loop; and
a processor coupled to the demodulator and the modulator, the processor operable to receive from the demodulator a modulation accuracy indicator and to control the phase-locked loop;
where the modulator modulates in accordance with a test data pattern a signal generated by the phase-locked loop of the transceiver to generate a modulated signal, where the test data pattern is automatically generated by an automatic data generation function of the dual-port frequency modulation modulator,
the transceiver generates a modulated intermediate frequency signal from a radio frequency (RF) signal and the modulated signal,
the demodulator processes the modulated intermediate frequency signal to determine modulation accuracy of the modulated intermediate frequency signal;
the processor monitors the determined modulation accuracy of the modulated intermediate frequency signal and responsive to the determined modulation accuracy falling outside an acceptable range of modulation accuracy, the processor adjusts the analog gain value of the transceiver to bring the modulation accuracy of the modulated intermediate frequency signal within the acceptable range of modulation accuracy,
responsive to the dual-port FM modulator receiving a data configure signal to select the test data pattern automatically generated by the automatic data generation function and to not select a data pattern provided to the dual-port FM modulator, the automatic data generation function provides to a pulse shape filter of the dual-port FM modulator the automatically generated test data pattern and the pulse shape filter shapes the received automatically generated test data pattern, and
the phase-locked loop receives the pulse-shaped automatically generated test data pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,193,668

ENODEB-BASED COMMUNICATION METHOD AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Nanchang Coolpad Intellig...

1. A method for eNodeB-based communication, comprising:dividing a plurality of eNodeBs into at least one eNodeB cluster;
when a terminal moves within any eNodeB cluster of the at least one eNodeB cluster, obtaining identification information of the any eNodeB cluster and determining an eNodeB associated with the terminal from the any eNodeB cluster through the terminal;
scheduling the eNodeB associated with the terminal to provide communication service for the terminal; and
based on a determination that a communication interference between the eNodeB associated with the terminal and the terminal is above a threshold, scheduling another eNodeB of the any eNodeB cluster to provide communication service for the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,666

METHOD, ACCESS POINT, SERVER AND STATION USED FOR COORDINATED TRANSMISSION

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for coordinated transmission, comprising:receiving, by an access point (AP), an uplink preamble training sequence transmitted by a station (STA);
determining, by the AP, uplink quality information according to the uplink preamble training sequence;
transmitting, by the AP, the uplink quality information to a server, to enable the server to determine a downlink coordinated transmission set according to the uplink quality information;
receiving, by the AP, a downlink coordinated transmission set notification message transmitted by the server to the downlink coordinated transmission set;
transmitting, by the AP, a null data packet (NDP) to the STA according to the downlink coordinated transmission set notification message, wherein the NDP carries information indicating that a feedback type is coordinated transmission, to enable the STA to measure downlink channel state information (CSI);
receiving, by the AP, downlink CSI corresponding to the downlink coordinated transmission set transmitted by the STA;
transmitting, by the AP, the downlink CSI corresponding to the downlink coordinated transmission set to the server, to enable the server to determine coordinated information according to the downlink CSI corresponding to the downlink coordinated transmission set;
receiving, by the AP, the coordinated information transmitted by the server; and
performing, by the AP, downlink coordinated transmission to the STA according to the coordinated information;
wherein the uplink preamble training sequence comprises at least one of:
a newly-added precoded symbol, wherein the newly-added precoded symbol is used for CSI measurement; and
a legacy short training field (L-STF) and a legacy long training field (L-LTF), wherein the L-STF and the L-LTF are used for CSI measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,193,654

FRAME TRANSMISSION METHOD AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION APPARATUS PERFORMING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A frame transmission method performed by a first wireless communication apparatus, the method comprising:receiving subframe unit length information of a second wireless communication apparatus from the second wireless communication apparatus;
determining a subframe unit length of the first wireless communication apparatus based on the received subframe unit length information;
generating a plurality of subframes based on the determined subframe unit length; and
transmitting a frame in which the generated subframes are aggregated to the second wireless communication apparatus,
wherein, when at least one of the subframes includes a padding, a length of the padding allows a length of the at least one of the subframes including the padding to be a multiple of a natural number of the determined subframe unit length, and
wherein the determined subframe unit length is a greatest subframe unit length among subframe unit lengths supported by both the first wireless communication apparatus and the second wireless communication apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,193,638

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM VIA NANOSCALE PLASMONIC ANTENNAS

The Trustees of Boston Co...

1. A nanoscale wireless communication system comprising:an energy source; and
a device comprising:
a planar substrate;
a first plasmon generator on a surface of the planar substrate;
a second plasmon generator on the surface of the planar substrate and comprising a receiver region;
a photon-broadcast antenna on the surface of the substrate that can convert a surface plasmon generated in the first plasmon generator into a photon and broadcast the photon; and
a photon-receiver antenna on the surface of the substrate that can convert the broadcast photon received from the photon-broadcast antenna into a surface plasmon in the second plasmon generator,
the photon-broadcast antenna extending out from and in the plane of the first plasmon generator, and the photon-receiver antenna extending out from and in the plane of the surface of the receiver region of the second plasmon generator, wherein the first plasmon generator propagates a surface plasmon from a selected wavelength of surface plasmons to the photon-broadcast antenna, which then generates a symmetric charge distribution from the top to bottom surface of the photon-broadcast antenna and wherein the surface plasmon from the first plasmon generator decays into, emits and broadcasts a photon that is transmitted in-plane and in-phase through a dielectric medium to the photon-receiver antenna in the far field where the received photon excites a surface plasmon in the receiver region of the second surface plasmon generator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,636

DC-COUPLED OPTICAL BURST-MODE RECEIVER

Axalume, Inc., San Diego...

1. An optical receiver, comprising:an input node configured to receive a current;
a current amplifier, coupled to the input node, configured to provide an output current based at least in part on the current, wherein the current amplifier has a shunt feedback path configured to reduce a bias sensitivity of the current amplifier and a feed-forward path configured to reduce a DC bias current of the current amplifier;
a transimpedance amplifier (TIA), electrically coupled to the current amplifier, configured to convert the output current to an output voltage; and
a feedback loop coupling an output of the TIA to an input of the feed-forward path.

US Pat. No. 10,193,623

WIRELESS TRANSMISSION OF SERVER STATUS INFORMATION

Lenovo Enterprise Solutio...

1. A system, comprising:a wireless communication device operable to establish a direct wireless connection and transmit server status information over the direct wireless connection; and
one or more optical sensors operable to detect optical signals from one or more optical sources of one or more servers,
wherein the wireless communication device and the one or more optical sensors are coupled together by a physical or wireless connection.

US Pat. No. 10,193,616

LOW DATA VOLUME SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

eSAT Global, Inc., Solan...

1. A communication system, comprising:at least one terminal; and
at least one network infrastructure in wireless communication with the at least one terminal, the at least one network infrastructure having an information element which includes scheduled transmission information;
wherein the at least one terminal is configured to communicate with the at least one network infrastructure by sending a burst comprising a message at a pre-scheduled time such that the at least one network infrastructure can derive a terminal identity for the at least one terminal by comparing the time of the burst with the scheduled transmission information in the information element without having to include terminal identity information in the message.

US Pat. No. 10,193,611

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FOCUSING BEAMS WITH MODE DIVISION MULTIPLEXING

NXGEN IP PARTNERS, LLC, ...

1. A method for focusing a Hermite-Gaussian function multiplexed beam, comprising:receiving a Hermite-Gaussian function multiplexed signal from a data processing source, the Hermite-Gaussian function multiplexed signal including a plurality of data streams each having a unique Hermite-Gaussian function applied thereto and multiplexed together within the Hermite-Gaussian function multiplexed signal, each unique Hermite-Gaussian function having a beam helicity value greater than l=2;
splitting the Hermite-Gaussian function multiplexed signal into a plurality of Hermite-Gaussion function multiplexed signals;
providing each of the plurality of Hermite-Gaussion function multiplexed signals to a transmitting antenna of a plurality of transmitting antennas of an antenna array;
controlling a timing of transmissions of each of the plurality of Hermite-Gaussion function multiplexed signals from an associated transmitting antenna of the plurality of transmitting antennas to cause a transmitted plurality of Hermite-Gaussian function multiplexed signals to focus at a predetermined focus point at substantially a same time to overcome a divergence of the transmitted plurality of Hermite-Gaussian function multiplexed signals caused by the beam helicity value of greater than l=2 for each of the unique Hermite-Gaussian functions; and
transmitting the plurality of Hermite-Gaussian function multiplexed signals from the antenna array as a transmission beam.

US Pat. No. 10,193,590

SMALL FORM-FACTOR PLUGGABLE TRANSCEIVER

AXCEN PHOTONICS CORP., N...

1. A small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver for being inserted into an electrical connection slot of an electronic apparatus, comprising:a housing having a front end, a rear end opposite the front end, a top surface, a bottom surface opposite the top surface, and an engaging portion disposed on the bottom surface, wherein when the SFP transceiver is inserted into the electrical connection slot, the engaging portion is engaged with the electrical connection slot;
two electrical signal connectors disposed on the front end of the housing; and
an unlocking assembly including:
an unlocking member pivotally connected to the housing and including a manipulating portion, wherein the manipulating portion is exposed at the front end and is arranged adjacent to the top surface, and the manipulating portion is configured to be rotated in a direction away from the front end and the top surface by an external force; and
an interlock member movably disposed on the housing, wherein when the manipulating portion is rotated in the direction away from the front end and the top surface, the unlocking member moves the interlock member such that the engaging portion is out of engagement with the electrical connection slot.

US Pat. No. 10,193,581

GALVANIC ISOLATION CIRCUIT, CORRESPONDING SYSTEM AND METHOD

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. A system, comprising:a differential transformer having a primary winding and a secondary winding configured to transmit signals over a carrier between the primary and secondary windings, wherein the primary and secondary windings have a galvanic isolation oxide layer therebetween, and wherein the primary and secondary windings each include a center tap providing low-impedance paths for dc and low frequency components of common-mode currents through the differential transformer; and
a pass-band circuit coupled to the secondary winding of the transformer, said pass-band circuit configured to permit propagation of signals over said carrier through the pass-band circuit while providing for a rejection of common-mode noise.

US Pat. No. 10,193,560

METHOD AND CIRCUITS FOR CHARGE PUMP DEVICES OF PHASE-LOCKED LOOPS

Analog Bits Inc., Sunnyv...

1. A charge pump configured to receive a first p-bias input, a second p-bias input, a first n-bias input, a second n-bias input; and generate a voltage output on an output line, the charge pump comprising:a source configured to generate a current supply;
a p-channel source current network coupled to the source, the p-channel source current network comprising:
a first p-channel transistor comprising a source terminal coupled to the source to receive the current supply, a gate configured to receive the first p-bias input, and a drain terminal;
a second p-channel transistor comprising a source terminal coupled to the drain terminal of the first p-channel transistor, a gate configured to receive the second p-bias input, and a drain terminal;
a p-channel current switch comprising at least one source terminal coupled to the drain terminal of the first p-channel transistor, at least one gate coupled to a phase comparator, and at least one drain terminal; and
a third p-channel transistor comprising a source terminal coupled to a drain terminal of the p-channel current switch, a gate configured to receive the second p-bias input, and a drain terminal coupled to the output line; and
a n-channel sink current network comprising:
a first n-channel transistor comprising a drain terminal, a gate configured to receive the first n-bias input, and a source terminal coupled to a ground;
a second n-channel transistor comprising a drain terminal coupled to the drain terminal of the second p-channel transistor, a gate configured to receive the second n-bias input, and a source terminal coupled to the drain terminal of the first n-channel transistor;
a third n-channel transistor comprising a drain terminal coupled to the drain terminal of the third p-channel transistor as well as the output of the charge pump, a gate configured to receive the second n-bias input, and a source terminal; and
a n-channel current switch comprising at least one drain terminal coupled to the source terminal of the third n-channel transistor, at least one gate coupled to the phase comparator, and at least one source terminal coupled to the drain terminal of the first n-channel transistor; and
wherein the p-channel source current network and the n-channel sink current network are configured to:
 draw a baseline current from drain terminal of the first p-channel transistor such that the baseline current flows through the second p-channel transistor to the second n-channel transistor and then the first n-channel transistor, and
 when the p-channel current switch is on, draw a first increment of current from the drain terminal of the first p-channel transistor such that the first increment of current flows (i) through the p-channel current switch and the third p-channel transistor to the output line, and (ii) in parallel with respect to the baseline current that flows from the first p-channel transistor through the second p-channel transistor to the second n-channel transistor and then the first n-channel transistor, wherein the first increment of current is smaller than the baseline current, and
 when the n-channel current switch is on, draw a second increment of current from the output line such that the second increment of current flows (i) through the third n-channel transistor and the n-channel current switch to the first n-channel transistor, and (ii) in parallel with respect to the baseline current that flows from the drain terminal of the first p-channel transistor through the second p-channel transistor to the second n-channel transistor and then the first n-channel transistor, wherein the second increment of current is smaller than the baseline current.

US Pat. No. 10,193,551

MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR DEVICE

AITO BV, Amsterdam (NL)

1. A piezoelectric touch switch mounting apparatus (1), comprising:an overlay (2) having a top surface and a bottom surface, said overlay configured for being disposed over a piezoelectric touch switch and further configured to bend in response to a pressure exerted on the top surface of the overlay (2);
at least one piezoelectric touch switch (18, 27, 90), each piezoelectric touch switch (18, 27, 90) comprising at least one piezoelectric sensor (13) and disposed below the bottom surface of the overlay (2), the at least one piezoelectric sensor configured so that the piezoelectric sensor (13) bends in response to a pressure exerted on the overlay (2) causing the overlay (2) to bend;
a piezoelectric touch switch (18, 27, 90) mount comprising;
a mounting bracket (4) defining at least one opening (10), the mounting bracket (4) attached proximate a first end to the bottom surface of the overlay (2) with an adhesive attachment element (3) wherein the adhesive attachment element (3) adheres to the bottom surface of the overlay (2) in such a manner that an opposite upper surface of the overlay (2) remains intact and not penetrated by the adhesive attachment element, the at least one piezoelectric touch switch (13) located in the area of the at least one opening (10);
at least one backer piece (5), disposed proximate a second end of the mounting bracket (4), said second end opposite said first end of the mounting bracket (4);
at least one squeezer (7) disposed in the at least one opening (10) between the at least one backer piece (5) and a bottom surface of the at least one piezoelectric touch switch (13); and
one or more continuously adjustable compression adjusters (6) coupled to said mounting bracket (4) and configured to operate on the backer piece (5) to compress the piezoelectric touch switch (18, 27, 90) and the at least one squeezer (7) between the overlay (2) and the backer piece (5) without penetrating the top surface of the overlay (2).

US Pat. No. 10,193,550

INVISIBLE, CONTACTLESS SWITCH DEVICE

Roberto Airoldi, St Laur...

1. A switching device adapted to be installed behind an opaque wall so as not to be visible from the outside of said wall and intended to switch at least one electrical device on and comprising at least a first module connected by a wireless link or a wired link to a second module adapted to make the connection between said electrical device and a power source, said first module comprising a capacitive sensor adapted to change its capacitance value when the hand or any other part of the body of a user on the outside is placed near the wall where said switching device is installed,said switching device being characterized in that the capacitive sensor, which is located on a printed circuit board comprises a capacitor Cx having a first metal electrode consisting of a solid circle and a second metal electrode surrounding said first electrode and being concentric with it, both electrodes being included in a metal frame, whose function is to define the capacitive field resulting from the capacitor formed by the two electrodes in the plane of the board and to maximize this field perpendicular to the plane of the board,
wherein said capacitive sensor contains a circuit for calculating the number of times Nr a reference voltage Vr must be applied to said capacitor Cx so that it can charge a reference capacitor Cr to a predetermined value, and
wherein said first module comprises a first microcontroller adapted to transmit instructions to a second microcontroller in said second module intended to control the connection of said electrical device to its electrical power source when said reference number Nr has been reduced due to a parasitic capacitor Cc caused by the approach of the hand of the user is added in parallel to said reference capacitor Cr.

US Pat. No. 10,193,547

DRIVER SYSTEM WITH AN OPTICAL POWER BASED ISOLATED POWER SUPPLY

OHIO STATE INNOVATION FOU...

1. A driver system comprising:a plurality of optical receivers, wherein a first optical receiver of the plurality of optical receivers is configured to receive an optical power signal generated by a first optical transmitter of a plurality of optical transmitters over a first transmission medium, and wherein a second optical receiver of the plurality of optical receivers is configured to receive and an optical data signal generated by a second optical transmitter of the plurality of optical transmitters over a second transmission medium;
wherein the first optical receiver is coupled to the first optical transmitter via a first optical fiber corresponding to the first transmission medium, and the second optical receiver is coupled to the second optical transmitter via a second optical fiber corresponding to the second transmission medium;
wherein the first optical receiver is configured to convert the optical power signal to an electrical power signal comprising a given drive strength; and
a driving circuit configured to apply the electrical power signal to an input of a transistor device to drive the transistor device at the given drive strength according to a control signal, wherein the control signal defines an on-time and an off-time for the driving circuit over a given time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,193,531

DIGITAL STEP ATTENUATOR

pSemi Corporation, San D...

1. An electronic digital step attenuator circuit for selectively attenuating an applied signal, including:(a) a first signal port for receiving the applied signal, and a second signal port for conveying the applied signal;
(b) a plurality of binary-weighted selectable attenuator cells serially coupled between the first and second signal ports, each binary-weighted attenuator cell providing a bypass state and at least one selectable attenuation state and having a stack of series-connected field effect transistors (FETs) having a series stack size equal to a count of the series-connected FETs of the binary-weighted attenuator cell; and
(c) a plurality of thermometer-weighted selectable attenuator cells serially coupled between the first and second signal ports and serially coupled to the plurality of binary-weighted attenuator cells, each thermometer-weighted attenuator cell providing a bypass state and at least one selectable attenuation state and having a stack of series-connected FETs having a series stack size equal to a count of the series-connected FETs of the thermometer-weighted attenuator cell;
wherein the series stack size of at least one of the thermometer-weighted selectable attenuator cells is configured to withstand a maximum power level of the applied signal, and remaining thermometer-weighted selectable attenuator cells include smaller series stack sizes configured to withstand only an attenuated signal having a power level less than the maximum power level of the applied signal, wherein a total of the series stack sizes of the thermometer-weighted selectable attenuator cells is configured to reduce an overall insertion loss for the electronic digital step attenuator circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,524

RESONATOR STRUCTURE WITH ENHANCED REFLECTION OF SHEAR AND LONGITUDINAL MODES OF ACOUSTIC VIBRATIONS

QORVO US, INC., Greensbo...

1. A solidly mounted resonator structure comprising:a substrate;
an acoustic reflector structure arranged over the substrate and comprising a plurality of sequentially arranged differential acoustic impedance layer units, wherein each differential acoustic impedance layer unit of the plurality of sequentially arranged differential acoustic impedance layer units comprises a low acoustic impedance material layer in contact with a high acoustic impedance material layer;
at least one first electrode structure arranged over at least a portion of the acoustic reflector structure;
a piezoelectric material layer arranged over the at least one first electrode structure; and
at least one second electrode structure arranged over at least a portion of the piezoelectric material layer;
wherein:
at least one portion of the piezoelectric material layer is arranged between the at least one first electrode structure and the at least one second electrode structure to form at least one active region;
the solidly mounted resonator structure is configured for transduction of an acoustic wave having a longitudinal wavelength ?L in the at least one active region;
the low acoustic impedance material layer of each differential acoustic impedance layer unit comprises a thickness in a range of from 0.73?L to 0.82?L, and
the high acoustic impedance material layer of each differential acoustic impedance layer unit comprises a thickness in a range of from 0.13?L to 0.19?L.

US Pat. No. 10,193,502

DUAL-MODE ENVELOPE TRACKING POWER MANAGEMENT CIRCUIT

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. A dual-mode envelope tracking (ET) power management circuit comprising:at least one ET amplifier coupled to the RF transmission circuit and having a preconfigured load line and configured to support a normal-power user equipment (NPUE) mode and a high-power user equipment (HPUE) mode, wherein:
in the NPUE mode, the at least one ET amplifier is further configured to amplify at least one radio frequency (RF) signal to an NPUE voltage based on a supply voltage to cause the at least one RF signal being transmitted from an RF transmission circuit at an NPUE output power in an NPUE RF spectrum; and
in the HPUE mode, the at least one ET amplifier is further configured to amplify the at least one RF signal to an HPUE voltage higher than the NPUE voltage based on a boosted supply voltage higher than the supply voltage to cause the at least one RF signal being transmitted from the RF transmission circuit at an HPUE output power higher than the NPUE output power in an HPUE RF spectrum; and
a power management circuit configured to:
provide the supply voltage to the at least one ET amplifier when the at least one ET amplifier operates in the NPUE mode; and
provide the boosted supply voltage to the at least one ET amplifier when the at least one ET amplifier operates in the HPUE mode;
wherein the preconfigured load line of the at least one ET amplifier is maintained constant to match an impedance of the RF transmission circuit between the NPUE mode and the HPUE mode.

US Pat. No. 10,193,492

SOLAR CELL MODULE

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A solar cell module comprising:a solar cell panel; and
a frame to receive the solar cell panel,
wherein the frame comprises:
a first sub-frame extending in one direction;
a second sub-frame extending while protruding from the first sub-frame;
a third sub-frame extending while protruding from the first sub-frame and formed under the second sub-frame;
a fourth sub-frame protruding from the first sub-frame and extending in a direction opposite to directions of the second sub-frame and the third sub-frame;
a fifth sub-frame extending while protruding from the first sub-frame and formed under the third sub-frame,
wherein the solar cell panel is received between the second sub-frame and the third sub-frame,
wherein the third sub-frame and the fifth sub-frame extend in a direction perpendicular to an extension direction of the first sub-frame;
a bending part located at an end of the third sub-frame, the bending part being spaced apart from the fifth sub-frame and extending toward the fifth sub-frame,
wherein the bending part is bent at an angle of 10° to 80° with respect to an extension direction of the third sub-frame;
a first hole formed on a bottom surface of the third sub-frame; and
a second hole formed on a top surface of the fifth sub-frame.

US Pat. No. 10,193,476

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OPERATING A BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR

Marvell International Ltd...

1. A system for controlling operation of an operating brushless direct current motor, the system comprising:a test computer comprising
a back electromotive force profile controller configured to receive signals from sensors, and based on the signals, determine a back electromotive force profile of the operating brushless direct current motor, wherein the signals are indicative of one or more parameters of the operating brushless direct current motor, and
a first driving profile controller;
a memory configured to store (i) a scaling factor indicative of how much to increase an operating parameter of a base driving profile, and (ii) the base driving profile indicative of speed over time of a drive cycle for a plurality of different brushless direct current motors, wherein the drive cycle refers to transitioning from a minimum operating speed to a maximum operating speed and then back to the minimum operating speed, wherein the plurality of different brushless direct current motors include the operating brushless direct current motor, and wherein the scaling factor is designated for the operating brushless direct current motor,
wherein the first driving profile controller is configured to generate a motor driving profile designated for the operating brushless direct current motor, wherein the motor driving profile indicates an operating parameter for driving the operating brushless direct current motor, and wherein the operating parameter in the motor driving profile is based on (i) the scaling factor, and (ii) the base driving profile;
a motor controller configured to generate a first control signal based on the operating parameter of the motor driving profile, wherein the motor controller comprises a second driving profile controller; and
an inverter configured to (i) receive a direct current from a direct current source, (ii) responsively to the first control signal, convert the direct current to an alternating current, and (iii) drive the operating brushless direct current motor via the alternating current,
wherein
the first driving profile controller is configured to transmit, via a first transceiver, the scaling factor and the back electromotive force profile to the second driving profile controller,
the second driving profile controller is configured to (i) generate the base driving profile, and (ii) transmit the base driving profile or the motor driving profile to the first driving profile controller via a second transceiver,
the first driving profile controller or the second driving profile controller is configured to, based on the scaling factor, convert the base driving profile to the motor driving profile to match the back electromotive force profile, and
the first driving profile controller is configured to drive a drive circuit of the operating brushless direct current motor according to the motor driving profile.

US Pat. No. 10,193,474

ELECTRIC MOTOR VEHICLE AUXILIARY UNIT AND METHOD FOR COMMUTATING A MOTOR VEHICLE AUXILIARY UNIT

PIERBURG PUMP TECHNOLOGY ...

1. An electric motor vehicle auxiliary unit comprising:an electronically commutated drive motor comprising motor coils; and
an electronic commutator arrangement configured to energize the motor coils, the electronic commutator arrangement comprising:
a control unit,
multiple power semiconductors each of which is configured to be controlled by the control unit,
a motor current path,
a motor current tap arranged in a course of the motor current path, the motor current tap being arranged so that a voltage signal proportional to a motor current IM drops at the motor current tap during a motor energization, and
a high-pass filter arranged between the motor current tap and the control unit, the high-pass filter comprising an input signal and an output signal, the input signal being the voltage signal and the output signal being a control signal for the control unit, the high-pass filter being configured so that, following an input of a peak signal, a pole reversal is triggered after a delay.

US Pat. No. 10,193,471

INSULATED DC/DC CONVERTER, AND POWER ADAPTOR AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING THE SAME

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. An insulated DC/DC converter, comprising:a transformer having a primary winding, a secondary winding, and an auxiliary winding;
a switching transistor installed between the primary winding of the transformer and a ground line;
a rectifier circuit connected to the secondary winding of the transformer;
a photocoupler including a light emitting element and a light receiving element;
a feedback circuit configured to drive the light emitting element of the photocoupler such that an output voltage of the DC/DC converter approaches a target voltage;
a primary side controller having a feedback terminal which is connected to the light receiving element of the photocoupler and receives a feedback signal from the photocoupler, a zero current detection terminal which receives a zero current detection signal corresponding to a voltage generated at one end of the auxiliary winding, and a pulse modulator of a quasi-resonant mode configured to generate a pulse signal depending on the feedback signal and the zero current detection signal; and
a starting control circuit which, in start-up of the DC/DC converter, electrically affects the zero current detection terminal such that an OFF time of the switching transistor lengthens, and includes:
a first capacitor installed between the one end of the auxiliary winding and the zero current detection terminal; and
a first resistor installed in series with the first capacitor between the one end of the auxiliary winding and the zero current detection terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,470

STEP UP/DOWN INVERTER CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SAME

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A step up/down inverter circuit that converts DC power of a first voltage from a DC power supply into AC power of a second voltage, the step up/down inverter circuit comprising:a plus line connected to a plus output terminal of the DC power supply, and a minus line connected to a minus output terminal of the DC power supply;
a first leg disposed between the plus line and the minus line and having two switching elements connected in series;
a second leg disposed between the plus line and the minus line and having two switching elements connected in series;
a first reactor having one end connected to a first intra-leg wiring connecting the two switching elements of the first leg;
a second reactor having one end connected to a second intra-leg wiring connecting the two switching elements of the second leg and having an other end connected to an other end of the first reactor;
a first bidirectional switching element having one end connected to the first intra-leg wiring and having an other end connected to a first output terminal by a first output line;
a second bidirectional switching element having one end connected to the second intra-leg wiring and having an other end connected to a second output terminal by a second output line;
a smoothing circuit disposed between the first output line and the second output line and configured to smooth a voltage between the other end of the first bidirectional switching element and the other end of the second bidirectional switching element; and
a voltage dividing circuit disposed between the plus line and the minus line and having an intermediate potential portion having a potential corresponding to an intermediate potential between a potential of the plus line and a potential of the minus line and connected to a connection end between the first and second reactors.

US Pat. No. 10,193,469

MULTI-LEVEL POWER CONVERTER AND A METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A MULTI-LEVEL POWER CONVERTER

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A multi-level power converter for one or more phases, the converter comprises one or more converter arms comprising a plurality of serial connected switching cells, each switching cell comprises a plurality of switching devices, a primary energy storage, a secondary energy storage and a first inductor, the switching devices being arranged to selectively provide a connection to the primary energy storage, wherein each switching cell comprises a bridge circuit comprising the switching devices and the primary energy storage, a battery circuit connected to the bridge circuit and comprising the secondary energy storage, and an arm circuit providing a connection between two adjacent switching cells, wherein the bridge circuit comprises a first switching device and second switching device connected in series between a first and second terminal of the primary energy storage and a third switching device and fourth switching device connected in series between the first and second terminal of the primary energy storage, whereinthe first inductor of each switching cell is arranged in the arm circuit, said arm circuit being connected between the second terminal of the primary energy storage and a point of connection to an adjacent switching cell, said battery circuit being connected between the point of connection of the adjacent cell and the bridge circuit, wherein the battery circuit is connected to the bridge circuit between the third switching device and the fourth switching device of the primary energy storage.

US Pat. No. 10,193,468

LOW HARMONIC DOWN-CONVERTING RECTIFIER FOR WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER RECEIVER

Futurewei Technologies, I...

1. A combined down-converting rectifier having a mirror topology, comprising:two sides of a full bridge rectifier circuit, each having rectifying switches to rectify voltages of an alternating current (AC) signal into two rectified signals, and a first capacitor to store a first charge of one of the two rectified signals;
two down-converting circuits each connected to one of the first capacitors, each having a second capacitor to store a second charge of the one of the rectified signal, and down-converting switches to down-convert a voltage value of the first charge and the second charge to a direct current (DC) signal having a voltage value that is less than the voltage value of the first charge plus the second charge; and
a controller circuit connected to the rectifying switches and to the down-converting switches to switch on and off the rectifying switches and the down-converting switches at times that are asynchronous with times of sign changes of an electrical current value of the AC signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,467

POWER CONDITIONING UNITS

Tesla, Inc., Palo Alto, ...

1. A power conditioning unit comprising:a controller;
a DC input for receiving DC power from an energy generation device;
a DC to DC converter coupled to the DC input and to an energy storage device; and
a DC to AC converter coupled to the energy storage device and to an AC grid, the DC to AC converter converting energy stored in the energy storage device to AC power and outputting it in synchronization with the AC grid, wherein the controller uses a measurement taken from the energy storage device to maintain operation of the power conditioning unit at a maximum power point of the energy generation device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,466

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DAMPING VOLTAGE HARMONICS IN A MULTILEVEL POWER CONVERTER

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A method for reducing lower order harmonics of a multi-level power converter comprising at least one phase leg comprising a plurality of chain-link connected cells each comprising a capacitor, the method comprising, for each phase leg of the converter:obtaining, from a current control, a present reference voltage for use during a present half switching duration, a half switching duration being a time period corresponding to one switching opportunity of the cells;
dividing the half switching duration into a plurality of time intervals; and
at the beginning of each time interval:
predicting the reference voltage waveform for the remainder of the half switching duration based on the present reference voltage;
predicting the leg output voltage waveform for the remainder of the present half switching duration for the case that switching for one cell is performed in the leg during the time interval;
predicting a flux error, being a time integral of a difference between the leg output voltage and the reference voltage, at the end of the present half switching duration for the case, based on the present reference voltage, the predicted reference voltage waveform and the predicted leg output voltage waveform, wherein the predicted flux error is a cumulative flux error of the present half switching duration and a preceding half switching duration; and
determining not to perform switching for any cell in a present time interval of the plurality of time intervals when the predicted flux error passes zero during the first half switching duration.

US Pat. No. 10,193,465

DC/DC CONVERSION APPARATUS

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A DC/DC conversion apparatus, comprising:a DC voltage source that outputs a DC power supply voltage;
an oscillation circuit electrically connected to the DC voltage source;
a plurality of switch elements;
a switch controller that connects an electrical connection between the DC voltage source and the oscillation circuit and disconnects the electrical connection between the DC voltage source and the oscillation circuit during a time other than a dead-zone time, wherein the dead-zone time occurs when switching turn-on and turn-off of the plurality of switch elements, and switches a direction of a voltage applied to the oscillation circuit between a first direction and a second direction by switching turn-on and turn-off of the plurality of switch elements; and
a transformation circuit that outputs a current generated in the oscillation circuit and converts the current into a DC current; wherein
the switch controller disconnects the electrical connection between the oscillation circuit and the DC voltage source before the direction of the voltage applied to the oscillation circuit is switched from the first direction to the second direction, and connects the electrical connection between the oscillation circuit and the DC voltage source and switches the direction of the voltage applied to the oscillation circuit to the second direction after a current flowing through the oscillation circuit has been outputted to the transformation circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,464

DC-DC CONVERTER

Schmidhauser AG, Romansh...

1. A DC-DC converter, comprising:an output terminal, wherein the output terminal comprises a first output terminal pin and a second output terminal pin;
a number of rectifier elements;
a voltage limiting unit comprising an electrical energy store, wherein the voltage limiting unit is designed to limit voltages across the rectifier elements;
a clocked energy regulator unit which is designed to regulate at a setpoint value energy which is stored in the electrical energy store;
a transformer comprising at least one secondary winding, the at least one secondary winding including a first secondary winding and a second secondary winding and the rectifier elements being designed to rectify voltages across the first secondary winding and the second secondary winding; and
an inductive component,
wherein
the rectifier elements are diodes or transistors,
a first terminal of the first secondary winding and a first terminal of the second secondary winding are electrically connected to the second output terminal pin,
the first rectifier element and the inductive component are looped in between a second terminal of the first secondary winding and the first output terminal pin,
the second rectifier element is looped in between a second terminal of the second secondary winding and a connecting node of the first rectifier element and of the inductive component,
the voltage limiting unit comprises a first diode and a second diode,
the electrical energy store is a capacitor,
the anode of the first diode and the anode of the second diode are electrically connected to a first terminal of the capacitor,
the cathode of the first diode is electrically connected to the second terminal of the first secondary winding,
the cathode of the second diode is electrically connected to the second terminal of the second secondary winding, and
a second terminal of the capacitor is electrically connected to a connecting node of the first rectifier element, of the second rectifier element and of the inductive component,
the energy regulator unit comprises a DC chopper which is designed to transmit energy which is stored in the electrical energy store in the direction of the output terminal, a decoupling diode and a charge transfer capacitor,
the cathode of the decoupling diode is electrically connected to the anode of the first diode and to the anode of the second diode,
a first terminal of the charge transfer capacitor is electrically connected to the anode of the decoupling diode,
a second terminal of the charge transfer capacitor is electrically connected to the second output terminal pin,
a first input terminal pin of the DC chopper is electrically connected to the anode of the decoupling diode, and
a second input terminal pin of the DC chopper is electrically connected to the first terminal of the first secondary winding, to the first terminal of the second secondary winding and to the second output terminal pin.

US Pat. No. 10,193,462

POWER CONVERTER USING BI-DIRECTIONAL ACTIVE RECTIFYING BRIDGE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A power converter comprising:a first alternating current (AC) terminal and a second AC terminal, the first and second AC terminals coupled across an AC power source or load;
a first direct current (DC) terminal and a second DC terminal, the first and second DC terminals coupled across a DC power source or load;
a first bi-directional switch coupled between the first AC terminal and the first DC terminal;
a second bi-directional switch coupled between the first AC terminal and the second DC terminal;
a first inductor and a first current-blocking device connected in series and coupling the second AC terminal to the first DC terminal;
a second inductor and a second current-blocking device connected in series and coupling the second AC terminal to the second DC terminal; and
a controller configured to control the first and second bi-directional switches so as to operate the power converter in a first operational mode in which a DC voltage across the DC power source or load is lower than a present voltage across the AC power source or load, or a second operational mode in which the DC voltage is higher than the present voltage, or both the first and the second operational modes,
wherein each of the first and second bi-directional switches has a conducting mode in which current conducts in both directions and a blocking mode in which current is blocked in both directions.

US Pat. No. 10,193,461

MULTI-PHASE RESONANT CONVERTER AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING IT

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. A method comprising:supplying a voltage with a voltage generator to a plurality of drivers, the voltage generator coupled to a primary ground terminal, each driver having an output coupled to respective primary windings of a plurality of primary windings, each driver having a reference supply terminal coupled to the primary ground terminal, each primary winding being magnetically coupled to respective secondary windings; and
balancing currents flowing through the plurality of primary windings via a first floating node, wherein each primary winding is coupled to the first floating node via respective first capacitors.

US Pat. No. 10,193,460

DC/DC CONVERTER HAVING CURRENT DIVERSION CIRCUIT

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A DC/DC converter comprising:an inverter circuit including a plurality of inverter semiconductor switching elements subjected to switch control using a soft switching method, and converting DC power from a DC power supply connected to an input side thereof into AC power which is output to a load;
a rectifier circuit including a plurality of rectifying semiconductor switching elements;
a transformer connected on a primary side thereof to an output side of the inverter circuit, and on a secondary side thereof to an input side of the rectifier circuit;
a resonance reactor inserted between the output side of the inverter circuit and the primary side of the transformer;
a smoothing reactor connected to an output side of the rectifier circuit;
a secondary side reflux circuit connected to the output side of the rectifier circuit in order to divert a load current flowing through the load during a period in which a voltage from the DC power supply is not applied to the primary side of the transformer;
a first primary side reflux semiconductor switching element connected at one end to a connection point between the resonance reactor and the primary side of the transformer and at another end to one end of the DC power supply; and
a second primary side reflux semiconductor switching element connected at one end to another end of the DC power supply and at another end to the connection point between the resonance reactor and the primary side of the transformer,
wherein a series circuit formed by connecting the smoothing reactor and the load in series is connected to the output side of the rectifier circuit,
the secondary side reflux circuit is positioned between the output side of the rectifier circuit and the series circuit and connected in parallel to the series circuit,
either the first primary side reflux semiconductor switching element or the second primary side reflux semiconductor switching element diverts a current flowing through the resonance reactor during the period in which the voltage from the DC power supply is not applied to the primary side of the transformer,
the secondary side reflux circuit comprises a secondary side reflux semiconductor switching element, and
the first primary side reflux semiconductor switching element and the second primary side reflux semiconductor switching element are synchronized with the secondary side reflux semiconductor switching element, such that when the secondary side reflux semiconductor switching element is ON, the first primary side reflux semiconductor switching element is ON or the second primary side reflux semiconductor switching element is ON, in alternation.

US Pat. No. 10,193,458

START-UP CONTROLLER FOR A POWER CONVERTER

MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INCO...

1. A power converter, comprising:a start-up controller, comprising:
a high voltage regulator having an input and an output;
internal bias voltage circuits coupled to the high voltage regulator output;
under and over voltage lockout circuits coupled to the high voltage regulator output;
a current regulator;
logic circuits for generating pulse width modulation (PWM) control signals;
a fixed off time circuit coupled to the logic circuits;
a power driver coupled to the logic circuit and providing the PWM control signals for control of an external power switch;
an external gate command detection circuit coupled to the logic circuits and adapted to receive an external PWM control signal, wherein when the external PWM control signal is detected the external gate command detection circuit causes control of the external power switch to change from the logic circuits to the external PWM control signal; and
first and second voltage comparators having outputs coupled to the internal current regulator and inputs coupled to a current sense input; and
a secondary controller;
wherein the external PWM control signal is configured to be received from the secondary controller.

US Pat. No. 10,193,457

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STARTING UP A HIGH DENSITY ISOLATED DC-TO-DC POWER CONVERTER

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A DC-to-DC power converter comprising:a transformer comprising a primary side and a secondary side;
a primary circuit electrically coupled to said primary side of said transformer, said primary circuit comprising:
at least one first gate driver;
a bias voltage generator; and
a primary microcontroller electrically coupled to said bias voltage generator and configured to receive a first bias voltage supplied by said bias voltage generator, said primary microcontroller configured to provide a first energizing signal to said at least one first gate driver in response to the first bias voltage; and
a secondary circuit electrically coupled to said secondary side of said transformer, said secondary circuit comprising:
a rectifier circuit comprising a plurality of switching elements;
at least one second gate driver communicatively coupled to the rectifier circuit and configured to selectively operate said switching elements; and
a secondary microcontroller communicatively coupled to said primary microcontroller, said secondary microcontroller configured to receive a second bias voltage, said secondary microcontroller further configured to provide a second energizing signal to said at least one first gate driver in response to the second bias voltage, said secondary microcontroller further configured to provide an instruction to said primary microcontroller that causes said primary microcontroller to relinquish control of said primary circuit to said secondary microcontroller, and, in response to receiving control of said primary circuit from said primary microcontroller, said secondary microcontroller further configured to provide a third energizing signal to operate said switching elements.

US Pat. No. 10,193,454

OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION CIRCUIT

Power Integrations, Inc.,...

1. An overvoltage detection circuit for a power converter, comprising:a current augmentation circuit coupled to receive a sense signal representative of an output voltage of the power converter only during a portion of an off time of a power switch of the power converter, wherein the current augmentation circuit is further coupled to output an augmented signal; and
a detection circuit coupled to receive the augmented signal from the augmentation circuit and a power signal representative of a rectified version of the sense signal at a same input terminal, wherein the detection circuit is operable to output an overvoltage detection signal in response to a sum of the augmented signal and the power signal, wherein the augmented signal and the power signal originate from a bias winding, the overvoltage detection signal being representative of an overvoltage condition in the output voltage of the power converter.

US Pat. No. 10,193,452

TWO STAGE STRUCTURE FOR POWER DELIVERY ADAPTER

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A system comprising:an electromagnetic interference (EMI) filter;
an alternating current (AC) rectifier bridge operatively coupled to the electromagnetic interference filter, the AC rectifier bridge providing a first voltage;
a first power stage including a step-down transformer, the first power stage configured to receive the first voltage and output a second voltage;
a second power stage comprising a buck converter and a buck controller operatively coupled to the buck converter and wherein the buck converter is configured to receive the second voltage and configured to convert the second voltage to a third voltage;
a power delivery adapter controller configured to receive at least one input indicative of a requested voltage value and configured to provide at least one output; and
a feedback control circuit configured to provide a feedback control input to the buck controller, the feedback control input being based on the at least one output provided by the a power delivery adapter controller, the buck controller configured to control a duty cycle of an output control signal based on the feedback control input, wherein the at least one output provided by the power delivery adapter controller controls a switch that switches a resistor in and out of the feedback control circuit, and wherein the buck converter is configured to determine a value for the third voltage based on the duty cycle of the output control signal received from the buck controller.

US Pat. No. 10,193,451

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REGULATING POWER CONVERSION SYSTEMS WITH OUTPUT DETECTION AND SYNCHRONIZED RECTIFYING MECHANISMS

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

22. A system for regulating a power converter, the system comprising:a first system controller configured to:
generate a first drive signal based at least in part on an input signal to turn on or off a transistor to affect a first current associated with the secondary winding of the power converter; and
a second system controller configured to:
generate a second drive signal based at least in part on a feedback signal; and
output the second drive signal to a switch to affect a second current flowing through a primary winding of the power converter;
wherein:
the first system controller is further configured to, in response to the input signal indicating that an output voltage changes from a first value larger than a first threshold to a second value smaller than the first threshold, generate one or more pulses of the first drive signal to turn on and off the transistor; and
the second system controller is further configured to:
process the feedback signal to detect the one or more pulses of the first drive signal; and
in response to the one or more pulses of the first drive signal being detected, increase a switching frequency associated with the second drive signal;
wherein the second system controller includes:
a detector configured to receive the feedback signal, detect the one or more pulses of the first drive signal based at least in part on the feedback signal, and output a detection signal based at least in part on the detected one or more pulses;
a signal generator configured to receive the detection signal and output a modulation signal based at least in part on the detection signal; and
a driver configured to receive the modulation signal and output the second drive signal to the switch.

US Pat. No. 10,193,450

AC-DC VOLTAGE CONVERTER WITH LOW STANDBY POWER CONSUMPTION AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Silergy Semiconductor Tec...

1. An AC-DC voltage converter, comprising:a) a safety capacitor configured to receive an input power supply;
b) a common mode filter inductor coupled to said safety capacitor, and being configured to process said input power supply with a rectifier bridge and a filter;
c) a switching power supply circuit configured to receive an output from said filter, wherein said switching power supply circuit comprises a power stage circuit, a control circuit configured to control said power stage circuit to achieve voltage conversion of said input power supply, and a pseudo load;
d) wherein said control circuit is configured to disable said pseudo load from a supply voltage of said control circuit by opening a first switch connected to said pseudo load when said input power supply is operating in a normal operating state; and
e) wherein when said input power supply is operating in an under voltage lock out state, said control circuit is configured to enable said pseudo load, energy stored in said safety capacitor is configured to be discharged to a load of said switching power supply circuit and said pseudo load, and said pseudo load is enabled by said first switch in order to increase the discharging speed of said safety capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,449

BUCK VOLTAGE CONVERTER

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A buck voltage converter, comprising:a voltage input terminal,
a voltage output terminal,
a switch arrangement coupled to the voltage input terminal, the switch arrangement comprising a switch controller,
a feedback loop coupled between the voltage output terminal and the switch controller, and
a network comprising an inductor and a capacitor coupled to the voltage output terminal,
wherein the buck voltage converter is configured so that a dominant pole of an open loop transfer function of the buck voltage converter is a pole introduced by the network and wherein, apart from the dominant pole, each pole of the open loop transfer function having a frequency below a 0 dB crossing frequency of an open loop gain of the buck voltage converter has an associated zero having a frequency below the 0 dB crossing frequency of the open loop gain.

US Pat. No. 10,193,446

MULTI-MODULE DC-TO-DC POWER TRANSFORMATION SYSTEM

Lionel O. Barthold, Quee...

1. A multi-module dc-to-dc power transformation system that is constructed and arranged to transform power from a first dc voltage node to a separate second dc voltage node, comprising:(a) a column comprising a plurality of half-bridge modules connected in series, each half-bridge module comprising a capacitance that is configured to be either electrically inserted into the column or electrically isolated from the column using switches within the column, wherein a first end of the column is electrically connected to ground;
(b) two high voltage switches, each in series with a reactor; a first of the two high-voltage switches adapted to electrically connect a second end of the column to the first dc voltage node and a second of the two high-voltage switches adapted to electrically connect the second end of the column to the second dc voltage node; and
(c) a controller adapted to control the states of the switches within the column and the states of the two high voltage switches so as to transform power by resonant exchange of energy between capacitances of the half-bridge modules of the column through the reactors and the first and second dc voltage nodes;
wherein a half-cycle of resonant and sinusoidally varying current, initiated by a connection of the capacitances of a plurality of half-bridge modules of the column to the first and second dc voltage nodes and interrupted at a first current-zero point, is used by the controller to achieve exchange of energy between the capacitances of a plurality of half-bridge modules and the first and second dc voltage nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,193,445

CONTROL DEVICE OF POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM AND POWER SUPPLY UNIT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A control device of a power supply system that includes two boost converters, the two boost converters boosting inputted direct-current voltages to predetermined output voltages with output ends of the two boost converters connected in parallel with each other, the control device comprising:a switching portion controlling switching of a switching element of each of the two boost converters; and
a control portion shifting switching timings of the switching elements of the two boost converters from each other,
wherein the switching timing is a timing of an intersection of a duty command value to each of the two boost converters and a carrier wave that is a triangular wave, and
the control portion performs a synchronization of the switching timing from on to off or from off to on of one of the two boost converters and a crest or a trough of the carrier wave of the other of the two boost converters, and
when the duty command value to one of the two boost converters changes, the control portion controls a phase of the carrier wave of the other of the two boost converters based on a change amount of the duty command value to the one of the two boost converters and performs the synchronization.

US Pat. No. 10,193,444

REFERENCE VOLTAGE GENERATOR WITH ADAPTIVE VOLTAGE AND INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CHIP

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. A reference voltage generator, comprising: a steady current source configured to provide a steady current; a PMOS transistor, a source electrode of the PMOS transistor being configured to receive the steady current, and the PMOS transistor having a first gate-source voltage; and an NMOS transistor, a drain electrode of the NMOS transistor being electrically coupled to a drain electrode of the PMOS transistor, and the NMOS transistor having a second gate-source voltage, wherein a reference voltage provided by the reference voltage generator is determined by the first gate-source voltage and the second gate-source voltage, the drain electrode of the NMOS transistor is directly connected to the drain electrode of the PMOS transistor at a node, and gate electrodes of the PMOS transistor and the NMOS transistor are connected to the node such that the drain and gate electrodes of the PMOS transistor and the drain and gate electrodes of the NMOS transistor are connected together, wherein an additional PMOS transistor and at least one another NMOS transistor are further coupled between the drain electrodes of the NMOS transistor and the PMOS transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,443

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENHANCING DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF POWER CONVERSION SYSTEMS

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

1. A system controller for regulating a power conversion system, the system controller comprising:a first amplifier configured to receive a reference signal and a feedback signal associated with an output signal of the power conversion system, the first amplifier including an amplifier terminal;
a variable-resistance component associated with a first variable resistance value, the variable-resistance component including a first component terminal and a second component terminal, the first component terminal being coupled with the amplifier terminal;
a first capacitor including a first capacitor terminal and a second capacitor terminal, the first capacitor terminal being coupled with the second component terminal; and
a modulation and drive component including a first terminal and a second terminal, the first terminal being coupled with the amplifier terminal, the modulation and drive component being configured to output a drive signal at the second terminal to a switch in order to affect the output signal of the power conversion system;
wherein the system controller is configured to:
set the first variable resistance value to a first resistance magnitude in order to operate in an on-off mode; and
set the first variable resistance value to a second resistance magnitude in order to operate in an error amplifier mode;
wherein:
the first resistance magnitude is larger than the second resistance magnitude; and
the on-off mode is different from the error amplifier mode.

US Pat. No. 10,193,441

DC-DC TRANSFORMER WITH INDUCTOR FOR THE FACILITATION OF ADIABATIC INTER-CAPACITOR CHARGE TRANSPORT

pSemi Corporation, San D...

1. An apparatus for power transformation, said apparatus comprising a power converter, said power converter comprising a charge pump, a first regulator, and a magnetic filter, wherein said magnetic filter is connected to a terminal of said charge pump, wherein said terminal is selected to facilitate adiabatic inter-capacitor charge transport within said charge pump, and wherein said first regulator is configured to regulate power provided by said power converter.

US Pat. No. 10,193,431

LINEAR MOTOR

SANYO DENKI CO., LTD., T...

1. A linear motor, comprising:a stator;
a mover that moves a subject to be moved linearly along the stator; and
a multi-member spacer that is interposed between the mover and the subject to be moved, wherein
the stator includes a plurality of permanent magnets,
the mover includes a plurality of coils arranged to be opposed to the permanent magnets,
the multi-member spacer includes two or more members different in thermal conductivity,
the plurality of coils is interposed between the plurality of permanent magnets and the multi-member spacer in a direction orthogonal to a moving direction of the mover,
the mover comprises:
a plurality of teeth protruded toward the plurality of permanent magnets;
a plurality of slots defined by the plurality of teeth, the plurality of slots storing the plurality of coils; and
a core closing upper ends of the plurality of the slots, the plurality of teeth being coupled together via the core, the core comprising an electromagnetic steel plate,
the multi-member spacer is interposed between the core and the subject to be moved,
one of the two or more members of the multi-member spacer is in direct contact with the subject to be moved,
another one of the two or more members of the multi-member spacer is in direct contact with the core, and
a contact area between the subject to be moved and the one of the two or more members is smaller than a contact area between the electromagnetic steel plate and the another one of the two or more members.

US Pat. No. 10,193,430

ELECTROMAGNETIC DEVICE HAVING DISCRETE WIRES

Board of Trustees of Mich...

1. An electromagnetic device comprising:a stator unit;
a movable unit located adjacent the stator unit;
at least one of the units having poles, a majority of each pole including multiple discrete wires operable to transmit magnetic flux to or receive magnetic flux from the other unit;
an electrically conductive wire winding wound around an inwardly and radially extending throat of each pole substantially perpendicular to an elongated direction of the discrete wires extending through the throat of the pole, a radial outermost portion of each of the throats being defined at an intersection of a bridging section perpendicularly spanning between an adjacent pair of the poles; and
an outer wall including a member being at least one of: at least one of the discrete wires or an elongated fiber, which continuously and peripherally surrounds outermost radial portions of all of the poles and the bridging sections.

US Pat. No. 10,193,429

AIR GAP CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Boulder Wind Power, Inc.,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a first member supporting a magnetic flux carrying member;
a second member supporting a magnetic flux generating member, the second member disposed for movement relative to the first member, the second member having a first portion and a second portion;
an air gap control device including a first magnet coupled to the first member and a second magnet coupled to the second member between the second member and the first magnet, the first magnet having a polarity in a first direction and the second magnet having a polarity in a second, opposite direction than the first direction, a repulsive force between the first magnet and the second magnet increases when a distance between the first member and the second member is decreased to exert a force on one of the first member and the first portion of the second member in response to relative movement of the first member and the second member in a direction that reduces a distance between the first member and the first portion of the second member to maintain a minimum distance between the first member and the first portion of the second member, the first magnet and the second magnet of the air gap control device forming a magnetic flux circuit separate from a primary magnetic flux circuit formed between the first member and the second member;
the air gap control device including a third magnet coupled to the first member on an opposite side of the first member than the first magnet; and
a fourth magnet coupled to the second portion of the second member and disposed between the second portion of the second member and the third magnet, the third magnet having a polarity in a third direction and the fourth magnet having a polarity in a fourth, opposite direction than the third direction, a repulsive force between the third magnet and the fourth magnet increases when a distance between the first member and the second portion of the second member is decreased to exert a force on one of the first member and the second portion of the second member in response to relative movement of the first member and the second portion of the second member in a direction that reduces a distance between the first member and the second portion of the second member to maintain a minimum distance between the first member and the second portion of the second member, the third magnet and the fourth magnet of the air gap control device forming a magnetic flux circuit separate from the primary magnetic flux circuit formed between the first member and the second member.

US Pat. No. 10,193,427

METHOD OF FABRICATING ELECTRIC MACHINE LAMINATIONS USING ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A method of making a component of a radial flux electrical machine comprising:using an additive manufacturing process to manufacture a plurality of laminas wherein said additive manufacturing process comprises applying a beam or beams of energy to a successive plurality of ferromagnetic material particles and fusing together the successive plurality of ferromagnetic material particles to form a ferromagnetic helix;
disposing an insulating material on said ferromagnetic helix;
compressing the ferromagnetic helix to form a compressed ferromagnetic helix; and
fixing the compressed ferromagnetic helix.

US Pat. No. 10,193,426

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A STACKED IRON CORE OF A VEHICLE DRIVE MOTOR

NHK Spring Co., Ltd., Yo...

1. A method for manufacturing a stacked iron core of a vehicle drive motor, the manufacturing method comprising:a pressing process of pressing a strip-shaped magnetic steel sheet so as to manufacture a carrier-attached single sheet in which a plurality of circular arc-shaped iron core pieces, differing from each other in the presence or absence of a key protrusion and in the placement of the key protrusion, are coupled together by a coupling portion;
a stacking process of sequentially cutting the circular arc-shaped iron core pieces out from the carrier-attached single sheet that is being conveyed, arranging the cut out circular arc-shaped iron core pieces into ring shapes to form ring-shaped iron core pieces, and, while forming the ring-shaped iron core pieces, stacking a plurality of the ring-shaped iron core pieces so that the plurality of the ring-shaped iron core pieces are phase-offset with respect to each other in a circumferential direction, to thereby manufacture a stacked iron core body with the key protrusions aligned along a stacking direction; and
a welding process of welding each layer of the circular arc-shaped iron core pieces, which are phase-offset with respect to each other in the circumferential direction, along the stacking direction at a plurality of locations arranged around the circumferential direction of an inner circumferential portion or an outer circumferential portion of the stacked iron core body.

US Pat. No. 10,193,425

STEPPING MOTOR, TIMEPIECE MOVEMENT, TIMEPIECE, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF STEPPING MOTOR

SEIKO INSTRUMENTS INC., ...

1. A stepping motor comprising:a one-piece stator comprised of Fe—Ni alloy, the stator having a rotor accommodating through-hole and defining a magnetic path around the rotor accommodating through-hole;
a rotor rotatably arranged inside the rotor accommodating through-hole;
a magnetic core connected to the stator; and
a coil wound on the magnetic core,
wherein a Cr-diffusion region having a molten-solidified portion of Cr is diffused in the Fe—Ni alloy stator in a portion of the magnetic path.

US Pat. No. 10,193,424

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR WELDING ROTOR COILS

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A process for welding rotor coil comprising:arranging a plurality of rotor coils on a table, wherein each rotor coil comprises an end arc section and a straight section, and wherein the straight section is arranged on one end of the end arc section;
arranging a plurality of transition pieces each between the rotor coils on the one end;
forming a continuous welding path using a welding tool for welding the straight section to the one end of the end arc section of the each rotor coil at a joint, and the plurality of rotor coils at locations of the transition pieces on the one end from a welding start to a welding end; and
cutting the continuous welding path using a milling tool from the welding end to the welding start at the locations of the transition pieces for separating the plurality of rotor coils.

US Pat. No. 10,193,422

POWER TOOL

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...

1. A power tool, comprising:a stator having a plurality of radially inwardly extending teeth separated by slots and coils respectively wound around each tooth of the plurality of teeth, wherein different sets of the coils correspond to different phases, the different sets of the coils are delta-connected in series;
a rotor having magnets and being configured to rotate in the interior of the stator; and
a sensor circuit board fixed to the stator and having magnetic sensors configured to detect rotation of the rotor;
wherein the magnetic sensors are provided at least substantially at the centers of the slots in a rotational direction of the rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,420

ROTATING ELECTRIC MACHINE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A rotating electric machine, comprising:a stator core arranged to surround an outer circumferential surface of a rotor;
a frame having an annular shape arranged to surround the stator core;
coil portions of a plurality of phases, which are wound around the stator core;
a plurality of busbars arranged on one end surface side of the stator core over an entire circumference thereof, which are to be electrically connected to the coil portions of the plurality of phases to distribute electric power to the coil portions of the plurality of phases;
a holder accommodating the plurality of busbars inside of the holder; and
a plate having one end portion inside of the holder and facing at least one of the plurality of busbars and another end portion exposed externally from the holder on an outer diameter side of the frame,
the plate guiding heat of the plurality of busbars from the one end portion to the another end portion.

US Pat. No. 10,193,418

ROTARY POWER GENERATING APPARATUS AND ELECTRIC GENERATING APPARATUS

1. A rotary power generating apparatus comprising:a first piston magnet member and a second piston magnet member arranged so that their polarities of magnetic poles of a top dead center side are equal;
a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod connected with the bottom dead center side of the respective first, second piston magnet members;
a crankshaft connected with the first, second connecting rods;
a first guide member and a second guide member, which hold respectively the first, second piston magnet members from outside and guide the respective first, second piston magnet members during all process of reciprocation;
a first fixed magnet member and a second fixed magnet member fixed on the positions to keep a constant interval from top pole surfaces of the top dead center side of the first, second piston magnet members, and in which fixed pole surfaces, having the same polarity with the magnetic pole of the top pole surfaces, are arranged so as to oppose the top pole surfaces of the respective first, second piston magnet members;
a first demagnetizing band like member passing through between the top pole surface of the first piston magnet member and the fixed pole surface of the first fixed magnet member, and rotating with the crankshaft; and
a second demagnetizing band like member passing through between the top pole surface of the second piston magnet member and the fixed pole surface of the second fixed magnet member, and rotating with the crankshaft,
wherein the first demagnetizing band like member is a member which a transformable band like member, opposing to the top pole surface of the first piston magnet member, is formed circularly,
wherein the second demagnetizing band like member is a member which a transformable band like member, opposing to the top pole surface of the second piston magnet member, is formed circularly,
wherein the first, second demagnetizing band like members comprise demagnetizing magnet parts having magnetic force, weaker than the magnetic poles of the first, second piston magnet members, having different polarity from the top pole surfaces, and non-magnetic force parts, having no magnetic force, formed adjacent to the demagnetizing magnet parts;
wherein the rotary power generating apparatus comprising:
a repulsive force unequal structure which a hindmost interval, arranged hindmost position along a rotating direction which the crankshaft rotates, is spread than an interval of another part to weaken a repulsive force repulsing the top pole surfaces and the fixed pole surfaces in the hindmost position than the repulsive force in another part, in the top pole surfaces of the respective first, second piston magnet members and the fixed pole surfaces of the first, second fixed magnet members;
wherein the rotary power generating apparatus further comprising:
an auxiliary motor supplying power to the crankshaft so that reciprocation of the first, second piston magnet members become continuous.

US Pat. No. 10,193,417

BRUSHLESS MOTOR ASSEMBLY FOR A FASTENING TOOL

1. An electric brushless DC (BLDC) motor comprising:an outer rotor assembly having a substantially-cylindrical metallic rotor body, and a plurality of rotor magnets mounted within an inner surface of the rotor body;
a molded structure formed within the rotor body, the molded structure comprising: a main body formed on an inner surface of the rotor body to securely cover and retain the rotor magnets on the inner surface of the rotor body, an axial fan formed at an end of the rotor body opposite the rotor magnets, and a sense magnet mount formed at approximately a radial center portion of the axial fan;
a stator assembly received inside the outer rotor assembly and mounted on a shaft; and
a sense magnet ring mounted on the sense magnet mount.

US Pat. No. 10,193,416

MOTOR

1. A motor rotor comprising:rotor poles,
a central hub at a rotational axis of the rotor, and
a rotor frame for supporting the rotor poles, the rotor frame comprising an axially and radially stiff and rotationally compliant connection between the rotor poles and the central hub of the rotor, the rotor frame having levels of axial, radial and rotational compliance wherein the level of rotational compliance is greater than the levels of both axial and radial compliance.

US Pat. No. 10,193,415

ELECTRIC MACHINE ARRANGEMENT, MOTOR VEHICLE GEARBOX AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ELECTRIC MACHINE ARRANGEMENT

GETRAG Getriebe- und Zahn...

1. An electric machine arrangement for a motor vehicle drivetrain, having:a machine housing which can be fixed to a drivetrain housing;
a stator which is fixed relative to the machine housing; and
a rotor which is mounted, concentrically with respect to the stator, within the machine housing and which has a rotor axis;
wherein an air gap is defined between the stator and the rotor;
wherein the rotor has a rotary bearing section which is mounted, with a radial clearance, rotatably relative to a housing bearing section of the machine housing, wherein the radial clearance is smaller than the air gap;
wherein the rotor has a first axial rotor end section which is mounted, by way of a first rotary bearing, rotatably relative to the machine housing, wherein the first rotary bearing is fixed to a first bearing seat of a first wall section of the machine housing, and wherein the first wall section of the machine housing is also designed such that radial forces introduced by the rotor into the first wall section via the first rotary bearing can be transmitted into the drivetrain housing when the machine housing is fixed to the drivetrain housing; and
wherein the first wall section has a ring-shaped web which can be inserted into a ring-shaped web receptacle of the drivetrain housing.

US Pat. No. 10,193,414

POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A power transmission apparatus for a vehicle, the power transmission apparatus comprising:a first electric motor;
a power split mechanism;
a second electric motor coupled to an output shaft;
a case in a cylindrical shape, the case accommodating the first electric motor, the power split mechanism, and the second electric motor, the first electric motor, the power split mechanism, and the second electric motor being lubricated by oil;
a support wall constituting an accommodating chamber that accommodates the second electric motor in the case, the support wall being provided between the power split mechanism and the second electric motor; and
a breather mechanism located in a rotational angle range that is at least equal to 90 degrees and is smaller than 180 degrees when a rotational angle range of the second electric motor above a rotational axis of the second electric motor in a vertical direction is set from 0 degree to 180 degrees in a rotational direction of the second electric motor during forward traveling of the vehicle, wherein
the breather mechanism communicates between inside and outside of the case such that the accommodating chamber and the outside of the case communicate with each other,
the breather mechanism has a through hole and a breather chamber, the through hole penetrates the inside and the outside of the case, the breather chamber is provided at a case inner side end of the through hole, and the breather chamber is opened to inside of the accommodating chamber, and
the breather chamber is opened in a direction that does not oppose a virtual surface, the virtual surface passes through the rotational axis at a rotational angle of 90 degrees of the second electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,413

MOUNTING BRACKET FOR WATER COOLED TYPE ALTERNATOR

Bosch Automotive Service ...

1. A mounting bracket for a water cooled type alternator, the mounting bracket comprising:a body;
a plurality of bolts attached to the body;
a plurality of pivot arms including a first pivot arm attached to a first bolt in the plurality of bolts at a first end of the first pivot arm; and
a link arm coupled to the body at a second end of the first pivot arm.

US Pat. No. 10,193,412

ELECTRIC MOTOR CONTROLLER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An electric motor controller comprising:a board;
a plurality of electronic components mounted on the board, the plurality of electronic components being for controlling drive of an electric motor; and
a separating zone in an area closer to an edge than to a center of the board, the separating zone including one or both of a through hole and a notch provided in the board,
wherein the plurality of electronic components are grouped into a first group of electronic components and a second group of electronic components, depending on a function or a characteristic of each of the plurality of electronic components,
the first group of electronic components and the second group of electronic components are placed to be separated by the separating zone, and
a ratio of a first length of one or both of the through hole and the notch to a second length of a straight line on the board on which the separating zone is placed is at least 40%.

US Pat. No. 10,193,410

MOTOR

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A motor, comprising:a rotor including a shaft with a center on a center axis extending in one direction;
a stator enclosing the rotor and rotating the rotor about the center axis;
a first bearing located at a first side of the motor in the one direction and supporting the shaft;
a second bearing located at a second side of the motor opposite to the first side of the stator and supporting the shaft; and
a cylindrical housing holding the stator and the first bearing;
a bus bar assembly holding the second bearing, and allowing an end of a first side of the bus bar assembly to be located in the housing;
a cover fixed to the housing to cover at least a portion of a second side of the bus bar assembly; and
a circuit board disposed between the second bearing and the cover in the one direction; wherein
the bus bar assembly includes:
a bus bar electrically connected to the stator;
a wiring member electrically connecting an external power supply to the circuit board; and
a bus bar holder that holds the bus bar and the wiring member;
the bus bar holder includes:
a cylindrical main body portion including an opening at the second side of the motor;
a connector portion that protrudes from the main body portion toward a radially outer side of the center axis; and
a connection terminal holding portion that protrudes from an inner surface of the main body portion, and allows at least a portion of the connection terminal holding portion to overlap with the connector portion in the radial direction;
the cover directly or indirectly contacts a surface of a second side of the main body portion over a circumference of the opening;
the wiring member includes:
an external power-supply connection terminal provided in the connector portion to be electrically connected to the external power-supply; and
a circuit board connection terminal fixed to the connection terminal holding portion at the first side of the motor ahead of an end of the second side of the main body portion so that the circuit board connection terminal is electrically connected to the circuit board;
an end of the second side of the motor in a radially inner surface of the connection terminal holding portion is located at the first side of the motor ahead of the surface of the second side of the circuit board; and
an air gap is defined in the connection terminal holding portion at a position radially outward from an end of the circuit board and between the circuit board and the main body portion.

US Pat. No. 10,193,407

METHOD FOR REPAIRING A ROTOR

GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLO...

1. A method for repairing a rotor comprising:providing a rotor core with protruding fingers defining slots for conductors, at least one support block at each axial end of a finger of the protruding fingers fixed by a screw, and the finger having a blind hole for housing the screw;
removing the screw and the at least one support block from the axial end of the finger;
drilling the blind hole having a diameter to increase the diameter; and
inserting a plug flush into the blind hole; and
connecting the at least one support block or a different support block to the axial end of the finger above the plug inserted within the blind hole.

US Pat. No. 10,193,405

ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A rotary electric machine comprising: a stator that includes stator coils for a plurality of phases at an inner circumference portion of a stator core that is formed in an annular shape; a rotor that is inserted to central space of the stator, and includes a plurality of magnetic poles at an outer circumference portion; and a connection component that is mounted at least at one end portion in an axis direction of the stator, and mutually connects the stator coils for the plurality of phases, and holds bus bars that feed an electric current to the stator coils for the plurality of phases; wherein the connection component includes a holder made of an insulating material that is formed in an annular shape, and is mounted at the stator in a state where one end portion in an axis direction of the connection component is faced to the one end portion in the axis direction of the stator, and includes a plurality of bus-bar storage grooves having an annular shape that are concentrically arranged at the other end portion in the axis direction of the connection component, a plurality of bus bars having an annular shape that are respectively installed in the plurality of bus-bar storage grooves, and are respectively corresponded to the plurality of phases, and an adhesive resin that is arranged in each of the bus-bar storage grooves, and fixes the plurality of bus bars to the holder; and the plurality of bus bars include bus-bar lead terminals that are respectively connected to coil lead terminals of the stator coils for the plurality of phases that are corresponded to the bus bars; and the bus-bar lead terminals are formed in such a way that the bus-bar lead terminals are protruded from the bus bars to the axis direction of the stator; and the plurality of bus-bar storage grooves are formed by using a plurality of partitions that are concentrically arranged in a diameter direction of the stator via gaps; and in the plurality of partitions, lengths, in the axis direction, of a most outer circumference partition that is positioned at a most outer circumference side in the diameter direction, and a most inner circumference partition that is positioned at a most inner circumference side in the diameter direction, are longer than lengths, in the axis direction, of a plurality of middle partitions that are positioned between the most outer circumference partition and the most inner circumference partition; wherein the bus-bar lead terminals include first extended portions that are configured in such a way that those are led from the bus bars to the axis direction of the stator, and a thickness direction is identical to a diameter direction of the stator, and a width direction is identical to a circumference direction of the stator; and second extended portions that are bent from end portions of the first extended portions in the axis direction of the stator to an edgewise direction of the first extended portions, and are extended in the circumference direction of the stator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,404

CLAW ROTOR WITH REDUCED CROSS-SECTION, AND ALTERNATOR COMPRISING ROTOR OF THIS TYPE

VALEO EQUIPEMENTS ELECTRI...

1. A rotor (1) for a rotary electrical machine, the rotor comprising:a first magnet wheel (3); and
a second magnet wheel (5);
each of the first and second magnet wheels comprising a series of claws with axial orientation and a globally trapezoidal form;
the claws extend axially from a radial projection of an outer radial end edge of each of the magnet wheel in the direction of the other magnet wheel such that each claw of each of the magnet wheels is situated between two consecutive claws of the other magnet wheel;
an interpolar space (30) is defined between each two consecutive claws of the rotor (1); and
a magnetic assembly (20) disposed in the interpolar space (30) defined between a first claw (4) of the first magnet wheel (3) and a second claw (6a) of the second magnet wheel (5);
the magnetic assembly (20) comprising laterally two first faces (22) delimited by first and second free ends (23, 24) of the magnetic assembly (20), the two first faces (22) extending respectively along first and second claws (4, 6a);
each of the first and second claws (4, 6a) having a claw head end (40), opposite lateral faces (7) and sloped lateral facets (12) between the claw head end (40) and the lateral faces (7), each of the lateral faces (7) comprising third and fourth opposite ends (8, 9) between which the magnetic assembly (20) is in contact so that the magnetic assembly (20) does not project beyond the third and fourth ends (8, 9) of the lateral face (7) of each of the first and second claws (4, 6a);
the lateral faces of each of the first and second claws (4, 6a) define a non-linear decrease in the cross-section (60) of each of the first and second claws (4, 6a) between the lateral face of each of the first and second claws (4, 6a) and the sloped lateral facet (12) starting from one of the free ends (23, 24) of the magnetic assembly (20) in order then to extend towards the claw head end (40) of the claw, the decrease in the cross-section (60) followed by the sloped lateral facet (12).

US Pat. No. 10,193,403

ROTOR ARRANGEMENT FOR AN ELECTRICAL PRIME MOVER AND ELECTRIC PRIME MOVER AND ELECTRIC DRIVE SYSTEM

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A rotor arrangement for an electric prime mover of a motor vehicle, the rotor arrangement comprising:a rotor shaft extending in an axial direction;
a first pair of laminate stacks arranged side-by-side on the rotor shaft;
a second pair of laminate stacks arranged on the rotor shaft and separated from each other by the first pair of laminate stacks; and
a third pair of laminate stacks arranged on the rotor shaft and separated from each other by the first and second pairs of laminate stacks, wherein
the laminate stacks in a selected pair of the first, the second and the third pairs of laminate stacks are configured so that each of the laminate stacks in the selected pair of laminate stacks has a moment of inertia and a self-resonant frequency that are substantially different from the moments of inertia and self-resonant frequencies of the laminate stacks in the other two pairs of the first, the second and the third pairs of laminate stacks so that the self-resonant frequencies of the laminate stacks in the first, second and third pairs of laminate stacks at least partly offset one another to counteract oscillations that adversely affect other parts of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,193,401

GENERATORS HAVING ROTORS THAT PROVIDE ALTERNATE MAGNETIC CIRCUITS

1. A generator comprising:stator comprising:
a generator coil wrapped around a generator core;
a first magnetic flux element having a first stator pole,
wherein the first magnetic flux element is magnetically coupled to a first end of the generator core across a first medium having a first reluctance;
a first magnetic flux donor that donates magnetic flux having a first polarity to the first magnetic flux element;
a second magnetic flux element having a second stator pole,
wherein the second magnetic flux element is magnetically coupled to a second end of the generator core across a second medium having a second reluctance; and
a second magnetic flux donor that donates magnetic flux having a second polarity, opposite to the first polarity, to the second magnetic flux element; and
a rotor comprising:
a third magnetic flux element having first and second rotor poles;
a rotor coil wrapped around the third magnetic flux element;
a third magnetic flux donor that donates magnetic flux having the second polarity to the third magnetic flux element; and
a fourth magnetic flux donor that donates magnetic flux having the first polarity to the third magnetic flux element, and
wherein the first stator pole and the first rotor pole are magnetically coupled across a third medium having a third reluctance when the first rotor pole is substantially aligned with the first stator pole, and
wherein the first reluctance is greater than the third reluctance when the first rotor pole is substantially aligned with the first stator pole.

US Pat. No. 10,193,396

CLUSTER MANAGEMENT OF TRANSMITTERS IN A WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

Energous Corporation, Sa...

1. A method of assigning wireless power transmitters to wireless power receivers, comprising:at a first power transmitter designated to assign other power transmitters to wirelessly transmit power to one or more power receivers, the other power transmitters are in wireless communication with the first power transmitter:
periodically receiving, from each of the other power transmitters, signals including information identifying respective power transfer attributes associated with transmissions of wireless power from each of the other power transmitters to one or more wireless power receivers;
generating, based on the power transfer attributes, an assignment list that assigns each of the other power transmitters to wirelessly transmit power to one or more of the wireless power receivers;
periodically updating the assignment list based on the periodically received signals; and
sending, to each of the other power transmitters, instructions to begin transmitting wireless power waves to respective assigned wireless power receivers in accordance with the updated assignment list.

US Pat. No. 10,193,394

WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER SYSTEM

PHILIPS IP VENTURES B.V.,...

1. A wireless power receiver, the wireless power receiver configured to receive wireless power from a wireless power supply, the wireless power receiver comprising:a power output for electrically coupling the wireless power receiver to a remote device;
a principle receiver circuit having a tank circuit electrically coupled to said power output and a switch connected across opposite ends of said tank circuit;
a supplemental receiver circuit having an inductor electrically coupled to said power output, wherein said principle receiver circuit and said supplemental receiver circuit are electrically coupled in parallel to said power output; and
a controller configured to selectively operate said switch in an open mode in which power induced in said principle receiver circuit tank circuit by the wireless power supply is delivered to said power output via said electrical coupling between said principle receiver circuit and said power output and in a closed mode in which said switch creates a closed resonant loop in said principle receiver circuit tank circuit, whereby said principle receiver circuit functions as a resonator that inductively couples power induced in said principle receiver circuit tank circuit by the wireless power supply to said supplemental receiver circuit, which delivers power to said power output via said electrical coupling between said supplemental receiver circuit and said power output;
wherein said principle receiver circuit, said supplemental receiver circuit, and said controller are located remote from the wireless power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,193,393

WIRELESS INDUCTIVE POWER TRANSFER

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A power transmitter for wirelessly providing power to a power receiver using an inductive power signal; the power transmitter comprising:a variable resonance circuit for generating the inductive power signal in response to a drive signal, the variable resonance circuit having a resonance frequency being a variable resonance frequency;
a driver for generating the drive signal for the variable resonance circuit, the drive signal having an operating frequency;
a load modulation receiver for demodulating load modulation of the inductive power signal by the power receiver and for generating a demodulation quality measure; and
an adaptor for adapting the operating frequency and the resonance frequency to converge, the adaptation of the operating frequency and the resonance frequency further being in response to the demodulation quality measure.

US Pat. No. 10,193,392

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER DEVICE AND WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A transmitter for generating a wireless power transmitted to a receiver, the transmitter comprising:a control part for generating first to fourth AC power control signals; and
a power conversion part for generating an AC power including a positive polarity output voltage and a negative polarity output voltage in response to the first to fourth AC power control signals, wherein the power conversion part includes:
a first switching element connected between a first node and a second node and controlled in response to the first AC power control signal;
a second switching element connected between the second node and a ground and controlled in response to the second AC power control signal;
a third switching element connected between the first node and a third node and controlled in response to the third AC power control signal; and
a fourth switching element connected between the third node and the ground and controlled in response to the fourth AC power control signal,
wherein when the first and fourth switching elements are turned on in response to the first and fourth AC power control signals, the positive polarity output voltage is generated, and when the second and third switching elements are turned on in response to the second and third AC power control signals, the negative polarity output voltage is generated,
wherein a duty ratio of the positive polarity output voltage is determined by a falling time of the fourth AC power control signal, and
wherein a duty ratio of the negative polarity output voltage is determined by a falling time of the third AC power control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,391

POWER TRANSMITTING APPARATUS, POWER RECEIVING APPARATUS, WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM, CONTROL METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A power transmitting apparatus comprising:a power transmission unit configured to wirelessly transmit power to one or more power receiving apparatuses; and
a processor configured to function as:
a receiving unit configured to receive, from each of the one or more power receiving apparatuses, function information;
a determination unit configured to determine, based on the function information received from each of the one or more power receiving apparatuses, whether each of the one or more power receiving apparatuses has a function for internally lowering a voltage obtained through power reception; and
a control unit configured to control the power transmission unit to perform power transmission in a first manner in a case where the determination unit determines that at least one of the one or more power receiving apparatuses does not have the function for internally lowering the voltage obtained through power reception, and to control the power transmission unit to perform power transmission in a second manner that is different from the first manner in a case where the determination unit determines that all of the one or more power receiving apparatuses have the function for internally lowering the voltage obtained through power reception.

US Pat. No. 10,193,390

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER CONFIGURATION FOR POWER TRANSMISSION THROUGH A PARTITION

MediaTek Inc., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A method for configuring a wireless power transmitter to transmit power wirelessly through a partition between a wireless power receiver and the wireless power transmitter at an installation location of the wireless power transmitter, the method comprising:detecting, at the wireless power receiver, a plurality of signals representative of wirelessly received power levels by at least one receiving coil of the wireless power receiver, wherein the power levels correspond to wireless power transmitted in a sequence of power levels by the wireless power transmitter through the partition;
indicating, on a display of the wireless power receiver, a direction in which to move the wireless power receiver to receive a higher magnetic field from the wireless power transmitter; and
identifying by the wireless power receiver, to the wireless power transmitter, at least one transmit power level of the power levels received from the wireless power transmitter that provides a received power level at the at least one receiving coil that is suitable for charging and/or operating a wireless power device, wherein the identifying occurs after the plurality of signals have been detected by the wireless power receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,193,389

MULTI-BRIDGE TOPOLOGY

PHILIPS IP VENTURES B.V.,...

6. A wireless power supply that supplies power wirelessly to a remote device, the wireless power supply comprising:a primary inductor having a first terminal and a second terminal;
a first inverter including a first switch for selectively coupling a first node to a first voltage source and a second switch for selectively coupling the first node to a first reference voltage, the first node is electrically connected to the first terminal of the primary inductor;
a second inverter including a first switch for selectively coupling a second node to a second voltage source and a second switch for selectively coupling the second node to a second reference voltage, the second node is electrically connected to the second terminal of the primary inductor; and
a controller for configuring the wireless power supply between a plurality of different bridge topologies by controlling the first switch and the second switch of the first inverter and by controlling the first switch and the second switch of the second inverter;
wherein the controller selects a bridge topology from the plurality of different bridge topologies in response to inductive coupling of the remote device to the wireless power supply and based on feedback from the remote device;
wherein, in response to the wireless power supply being configured to the selected bridge topology, the controller selectively configures the wireless power supply to fine tune an amount of power delivered to the remote device by adjusting a characteristic of at least one of the inverters based on feedback from the remote device;
wherein the controller selects a different bridge topology from the plurality of different bridge topologies in response to inductive coupling of a new remote device to the wireless power supply and based on feedback from the new remote device;
wherein, in response to the wireless power supply being configured to the different bridge topology, the controller selectively configures the wireless power supply to fine tune an amount of power delivered to the new remote device by adjusting a characteristic of at least one of the inverters based on feedback from the new remote device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,388

INDUCTIVE CHARGING

POWERMAT TECHNOLOGIES LTD...

1. A method comprising:transmitting inductively, by an inductive power supply to at least one device, a poll signal;
receiving inductively, by the inductive power supply, a signal received from the at least one device in response to the poll signal;
determining whether the inductively received signal comprises a modulated data signal; and
adjusting a power of a transmission signal produced by the inductive power supply on the basis of the modulated data signal,
wherein the inductive power supply transmits inductively, on the basis of the modulated data signal, a transmission signal with a power higher, lower, or a combination thereof than the poll signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,384

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SELECTING GRID ACTIONS TO IMPROVE GRID OUTCOMES

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving an opportunity to vary a control on a utility grid comprising a plurality of possible grid control actions;
receiving effectiveness data for the possible grid control actions comprising confidence intervals around the effects of each possible grid control action;
selecting a grid control action, using a processor, based on the overlap in confidence intervals of the effectiveness data; and
implementing the selected grid control action on the utility grid,
further comprising determining an opportunity to vary a control on a utility grid by referencing current states of the controls on the utility grid and a multidimensional space representing possible grid control actions.

US Pat. No. 10,193,382

SEGMENT PROTECTED PARALLEL BUS

Equinix, Inc., Redwood C...

1. A system for an uninterruptible power supply to electric consumers, the system comprising:a ring connection having a plurality of protection zones around the ring connection, each of the protection zones comprising a current limiting coil, a bypass branch, and a switching element, wherein, for each protection zone, the current limiting coil is electrically coupled to the bypass branch by the switching element in a common direction around the ring, wherein each of the bypass branches is coupled to the bypass branch of a neighbor protection zone in the common direction around the ring connection through one of the switching elements that defines the neighboring protection zone, and wherein the switching element in each of the protection zones is configured to switch to decouple respective consumer busses from the ring connection in less than 10 ms;
a plurality of consumer busses, wherein each of the consumer busses is connected in parallel to a different one of the protection zones of the ring connection by the current limiting coil and the bypass branch of the respective protection zone; and
a plurality of electrical distributed power generation units coupled to respective ones of the consumer busses and configured to deliver power to the consumer devices coupled to the respective consumer bus.

US Pat. No. 10,193,381

LOAD MANAGEMENT AND SWITCHING DEVICES AND METHODS

Reliance Controls Corpora...

1. A method for managing loads supplied by a secondary power source, the method comprising the steps of:providing a first set of normally closed relays electrically connected to a first plurality of loads;
providing a second set of normally closed relays electrically connected to a second plurality of loads;
providing a first timer electrically connected to the first set of relays and set to a predetermined amount of time;
providing a second timer electrically connected to the second set of relays and set to a predetermined amount of time, wherein the set time of the second timer is greater than the set time of the first timer;
providing a first current transformer;
providing a second current transformer;
wherein the first and second current transformers receive a current draw from the secondary power source and produce an actual voltage proportional to the current passed through each of the first and second current transformers;
providing a reference voltage, wherein the reference voltage is a voltage equal to a predetermined percentage of a maximum allowable current draw from the secondary power source;
monitoring the actual voltage;
comparing the reference voltage with the actual voltage; and
when the actual voltage exceeds the reference voltage:
opening both the first and second set of relays;
starting both the first and second timers;
when the set time of the first timer elapses, close the first set of relays; and
when the set time of the second timer elapses, close the second set of relays.

US Pat. No. 10,193,380

POWER SOURCES AND SYSTEMS UTILIZING A COMMON ULTRA-CAPACITOR AND BATTERY HYBRID ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM FOR BOTH UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY AND GENERATOR START-UP FUNCTIONS

Inertech IP LLC, Danbury...

1. A power source comprising:a first ultra-capacitor module;
a battery module coupled in parallel with the first ultra-capacitor module;
a two-level inverter coupled to the first ultra-capacitor module and the battery module;
a high frequency DC-DC converter coupled to the first ultra-capacitor module and the battery module;
a fast charger coupled to the first ultra-capacitor module and the battery module, and operable to charge the first ultra-capacitor module and the battery module; and
a second ultra-capacitor module coupled to an output of the high frequency DC-DC converter and configured for starting up a generator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,379

DIRECT CURRENT UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

Jae Jin Lee, Chungcheong...

1. A direct current (DC) uninterruptible power supply system provided with a first connection unit electrically connected to a DC power conversion system which converts prevailing alternating current (AC) power into DC power, an auxiliary power supply device charged with the DC power, and a second connection unit which is electrically connected to a load and supplies the DC power or power output from the auxiliary power supply device to the load, the DC uninterruptible power supply system comprising:a charging portion which boosts a level of DC voltage power supplied from the DC power conversion system normally connected to the first connection unit and charges the auxiliary power supply device with the boosted DC voltage power;
a discharge portion which generates internal voltage power by stepping down a level of voltage power of the auxiliary power supply device;
a comparator which compares the level of the DC voltage power supplied from the DC power conversion system with a level of a set reference voltage and outputs a clear voltage or a set voltage according to a result thereof; and
a switchover portion which comprises a relay connected to the first connection unit, the second connection unit, and the discharge portion, in which due to disconnection of the DC power conversion system from the first connection unit and a damage or short circuit of the DC power conversion system, the set voltage is supplied from the comparator, thereby allowing the relay to be set in such a way that connection between the first connection unit and the second connection unit is cut off and the discharge portion and the second connection unit are connected to allow the internal voltage power generated by the discharge portion to be supplied to the second connection unit, and as the DC power conversion system is normally connected to the first connection unit, the clear voltage is supplied from the comparator to allow the relay to become in a clear state in such a way that connection between the discharge portion and the second connection unit is cut off and the first connection unit and the second connection unit are connected to supply the DC power supplied from the DC power conversion system to the second connection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,378

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR CONTROL OF POWER FLOW AND BATTERY CHARGE

1. A solar power generation system, comprising:at least one solar panel;
a battery;
one or more appliances;
at least one contextual sensor; and
a controller connected to and between the at least one solar panel, the battery, and the one or more appliances, the controller being adapted to implement
a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm for the at least one solar panel, the MPPT algorithm being configured to maximize a power output of the at least one solar panel,
a battery charge algorithm that directs power from the at least one solar panel to maintain a charge of the battery at at least a defined charge threshold, and
a contextual power draw and charging algorithm that derives a contextual power indicator from the at least one contextual sensor and allows the battery to be drawn down beyond the defined charge threshold if the contextual power indicator indicates that sufficient power is or will be available from the at least one solar panel to recharge the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,193,376

WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER, CHARGING ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER

ams AG, Unterpremstaette...

1. A wireless power receiver, comprising:an antenna;
a capacitor having a first terminal permanently connected to a first terminal of the antenna and a second terminal permanently connected to a second terminal of the antenna;
a first charge switch;
a rectifier having a first input coupled to the antenna via the first charge switch and having a first output; and
a communicator unit with a first terminal coupled to the antenna,
wherein the communicator unit comprises an amplifier circuit having a first output amplifier and a first input amplifier, and
wherein an output of the first output amplifier and an input of the first input amplifier are coupled to the first terminal of the communicator unit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,375

CLOSED LOOP CURRENT CONTROL IN A WIRELESS POWER SYSTEM

MediaTek Inc., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A wireless power transmitter, comprising:a first controller configured to set a target coil current value based, at least in part, on a voltage value reported by a wireless power receiver;
an amplifier configured to generate a transmitter coil current based, at least in part, on a supply voltage received by the amplifier; and
a second controller configured to adjust the supply voltage received by the amplifier based, at least in part, on a comparison of a value of the transmitter coil current to the target coil current value.

US Pat. No. 10,193,374

MULTIFUNCTION BATTERY CHARGING AND HAPTIC DEVICE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An electronic device comprising:a processor;
a memory device comprising instructions to be executed by the processor;
a battery to provide electrical power to the processor and the memory device;
a multifunction charger comprising an enclosure, a first conductive winding fixedly disposed on an inner wall of the enclosure, and a magnetic core suspended within the enclosure by a spring; and
control circuitry configured to activate one of a plurality of available operating modes of the multifunction charger, wherein the plurality of operating modes of the multifunction charger comprises a wireless charging mode and a haptic feedback mode, wherein, to activate wireless charging mode, the control circuitry is to conductively couple the first conductive winding to a battery charging circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,373

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A wireless power reception device comprising:a planar resonator configured to be coupled with external magnetic fields and generate an induced current;
a first ferrite member mounted on a first side of the planar resonator and positioned in a lower portion of the planar resonator; and
a second ferrite member mounted on a second side of the planar resonator opposite to the first side and positioned in an upper portion of the planar resonator,
wherein the external magnetic fields pass through an aperture of the planar resonator substantially from one of the first side of the lower portion of the planar resonator and the second side of the upper portion of the planar resonator to the other of the first side of the lower portion of the planar resonator and the second side of the upper portion of the planar resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,371

CHARGING/DISCHARGING APPARATUS USING THERMOELECTRIC CONVERSION EFFECT

Inventec (Pudong) Technol...

1. A charging/discharging apparatus, comprising:a thermoelectric conversion module disposed between an upper cover and a lower cover of a wearable device, the thermoelectric conversion module generating a current according to a temperature difference between the upper cover and the lower cover;
a current path providing unit coupling with the thermoelectric conversion module for providing a first current path and a second current path;
a charging/discharging element coupling with the current path providing unit;
a third current path, wherein the charging/discharging element provides a first current to the thermoelectric conversion module through the third current path to heat up a temperature of the upper cover and cool down a temperature of the lower cover, wherein the first current flows through the thermoelectric conversion module according to a first direction;
a fourth current path, wherein the charging/discharging element provides a second current to the thermoelectric conversion module through the fourth current path to heat up a temperature of the lower cover and cool down a temperature of the upper cover, wherein the second current flows through the thermoelectric conversion module according to a second direction, wherein the first direction is opposite to the second direction; and
a switch disposed among the thermoelectric conversion module, the third current path, the forth current path and the current path providing unit, wherein the switch selects one of the third current path, the fourth current path and the current path providing unit to couple with the thermoelectric conversion module,
wherein, when a temperature of the lower cover is higher than a temperature of the upper cover, the current charges the charging/discharging element through the first current path, and
when a temperature of the upper cover is higher than a temperature of the lower cover, the current charges the charging/discharging element through the second current path.

US Pat. No. 10,193,370

MECHANICALLY CONTROLLED PRE-CHARGE SYSTEM

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A system to pre-charge an electrical device having a capacitance, the system comprising:first, second, and third terminals mounted in a battery compartment of the electrical device; and
a mechanism configured to receive a battery and move the battery from an insertion position outside the battery compartment, through a range of pre-charging positions where the battery is partially inserted into the battery compartment, to an installed position where the battery is fully inserted into the battery compartment, wherein:
at the insertion position, the battery is not electrically connected to the first and second terminals;
within the range of pre-charging positions, a first battery terminal of the battery is electrically connected with the first terminal and a second battery terminal of the battery is electrically connected with the second terminal, the first terminal being electrically connected with a first charge path having a first nonzero resistivity; and
at the installed position, the first battery terminal is electrically connected with the third terminal and the second battery terminal is electrically connected with the second terminal, the third terminal being electrically connected with a second charge path having a second resistivity that is lower that the first resistivity.

US Pat. No. 10,193,369

ACTIVE BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

GBATTERIES ENERGY CANADA ...

1. A method to charge a battery cell that is operatively coupled to a power source via a switching circuit, the method comprising:controlling the switching circuit to operate in a first switch position in which the power source is connected to the battery cell to transfer energy from the power source to a plurality of capacitive regions in the battery cell, wherein the connection of the power source to the battery cell results in flow of charging current through the battery cell;
maintaining the first switch position for a first duration of time until a determination is made that a speed of change of the charging current through the battery cell is approaching zero, wherein the speed of change of the charging current approaching zero is indicative of the plurality of capacitive regions being fully charged;
in response to determining that the speed of change of the charging current through the battery cell is approaching zero, controlling the switching circuit to operate in a second switch position, in which the power source is disconnected from the battery cell, for a second duration of time, resulting in transferring of charge stored in the plurality of capacitive regions of the battery cell by migration and/or diffusion of ionic charge within the battery cell; and
controlling the switching circuit to alternate between the first switch position and the second switch position to charge the battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,193,368

CHARGING CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A charging control apparatus for an electronic device, comprising a power adapter and a charging control module; the power adapter being configured to charge a battery in the electronic device and to perform data communication with the charging control module via a communication interface of the power adapter; the charging control module being built in the electronic device and being configured to detect a voltage of the battery; each of the charging control module and the battery being coupled to the communication interface of the power adapter via a communication interface of the electronic device;wherein, during a process of charging the battery, the power adapter first charges the battery with a constant-voltage direct current output, and then after the power adapter receives a quick-charging instruction sent by the charging control module, the power adapter adjusts an output voltage according to the voltage of the battery fed back by the charging control module, and when the output voltage meets a quick-charging voltage condition pre-set by the charging control module, the power adapter adjusts an output current and the output voltage respectively according to a preset quick-charging current value and a preset quick-charging voltage value for quick-charging the battery, and meanwhile the charging control module introduces direct current from the power adapter for charging the battery; and during a process of quick-charging the battery, the power adapter adjusts the output current in real time according to the output voltage thereof and the voltage of the battery;
wherein the power adapter receiving the quick-charging instruction sent by the charging control module comprises that: when the power adapter performs data communication with the charging control module, the power adapter sends a quick-charging inquiry instruction to the charging control module when the output current of the power adapter is within a conventional current range during a preset period of time; the charging control module determines the voltage of the battery according to the quick-charging inquiry instruction; and the charging control module feeds back the quick-charging instruction to the power adapter when the voltage of the battery reaches the quick-charging voltage value.

US Pat. No. 10,193,367

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING VOLTAGES AND/OR POWERS AVAILABLE IN AN ELECTRICAL RECHARGING NETWORK

INSTITUT MINES TELECOM, ...

1. A method for determining voltages and/or power available in an electrical recharging network, said electrical network comprising at least one voltage generator and at least two dipoles, including at least one recharging terminal i corresponding, at a first instant t1, to a predetermined reference impedance zii,wherein, at at least one second instant t2, said method for determining implements at least one iteration of the following successive steps for at least said recharging terminal i:
estimating a changing of said reference impedance zii into a modified impedance z?ii,
updating a voltage of said recharging terminal i, said updating implementing a step of determining a modified inverted loop impedance matrix Zloop_M?1 as a function of a reference inverted loop impedance matrix Zloop_R?1 and at least as a function of an impedance difference between said modified impedance z?ii and said reference impedance zii, delivering a modified voltage U?i for said recharging terminal i, and
verifying and/or updating a value of power, called available power Pdisp_i, capable of being delivered by said recharging terminal i as a function of said modified voltage U?i, of a maximum power given by said voltage generator and/or of a threshold voltage of said electrical network delivering, in the event of updating, an updated value of available power.

US Pat. No. 10,193,366

RAPID BATTERY CHARGING

Potential Difference, Inc...

1. A method for charging one or more batteries with a battery charger, comprising the steps of:providing one or more batteries electrically connected to the battery charger, a recovery circuit electrically connected to each battery, and one or more energy storage devices electrically connected to each of the recovery circuits, wherein the battery charger comprises a pulse generator, a detector and a processor communicably coupled to the pulse generator and the detector;
determining a charging pulse group based on one or more battery parameters using the processor and the detector, wherein the charging pulse group comprises a positive pulse, a rest period and a negative pulse;
generating the charging pulse group using the pulse generator;
sequentially applying the charging pulse group to each of the one or more batteries, recovering an energy from each of the one or more batteries using the recovery circuits during the negative pulse, and storing the energy in the one or more energy storage devices; and
monitoring the one or more parameters of the one or more batteries and determining whether to adjust the charging pulse group for the one or more batteries using the processor and the detector.

US Pat. No. 10,193,365

CHARGING PACK WITH FLEXIBLE ATTACHMENT MEMBERS

Vitec Holdings Italia SRL...

1. A charging pack for an electronic device, said charging pack comprising:a main body, wherein said main body is rectangular, said main body having a front and a back;
a battery inside said main body adapted to deliver power to an electronic device; and
a flexible element, said flexible element attached to said body, said flexible element adapted to attach the charging pack to an electronic device, said flexible element comprising:
a central attachment portion affixed to said main body;
a first outer band portion adapted to capture a first corner of an electronic device, said first outer band portion comprising a first end and a second end, wherein said first outer band portion is coupled to said central attachment portion at said first end and said second end of said first band portion;
a second outer band portion adapted to capture a second corner of an electronic device, said second outer band portion comprising a first end and a second end, wherein said second outer band portion is coupled to said central attachment portion at said first end and said second end of said second band portion;
a third outer band portion adapted to capture a third corner of an electronic device, said third outer band portion comprising a first end and a second end, wherein said third outer band portion is coupled to said central attachment portion at said first end and said second end of said third band portion; and
a fourth outer band portion adapted to capture a fourth corner of an electronic device, said fourth outer band portion comprising a first end and a second end, wherein said fourth outer band portion is coupled to said central attachment portion at said first end and said second end of said fourth band portion;wherein said flexible element resides along the back of said main body while in a stowed configuration, and wherein said first, second, third, and fourth outer band portions of said flexible element are stretched over the corners of said rectangular main body while in a second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,193,364

ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE AND METHOD FOR REMINDING CHARGING THEREIN

Shenzhen Kimsen Technolog...

1. An electronic cigarette, comprising: a microcontroller (10), a charging prompt module (11), a power detection module (13) and a power supply battery (1);wherein the power detection module (13) is configured for detecting remaining capacity of the power supply battery (1), and sending a value of the remaining capacity to the microcontroller (10);
the microcontroller (10) is configured for comparing the value with a preset value in the microcontroller, and controlling the charging prompt module (11) to send a charging prompt signal when the value is lower than the preset value;
wherein the charging prompt module (11) comprises the airflow control element;
when the value is lower than the preset value, and a smoking signal has been received, the microcontroller (10) is further configured for controlling the airflow control element to open or close an airflow channel with preset frequency to transmit an airflow charging prompt signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,362

TERMINAL STAND AND WIRELESS CHARGING DEVICE

1. A terminal support, comprising:a base with a placing surface used for placing a terminal;
a force generation module; and
a control module configured to control the force generation module to generate a force which acts on the terminal to change a relative position relationship between the terminal and the placing surface,
wherein the terminal support further comprises a detection module connected with the control module, and the detection module is configured to acquire a detection signal of a state parameter of the terminal or an instruction input by a user, and send the detection signal to the control module to make the control module control the force generation module according to the detection signal to generate a force on the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,361

BATTERY PROTECTION CIRCUIT AND METHOD

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A battery protection circuit within a battery pack, the battery protection circuit comprising:a current limiting switch provided on a current path of a battery and coupled to a current limiting control circuit to limit current output by the battery, the current limiting switch having a switch voltage contributing to a first voltage;
a control switch;
a power limiting circuit comparator having a reference voltage input to receive a reference voltage, a voltage input to receive the first voltage, and a control output coupled to the control switch, the power limiting circuit comparator configured to provide a control signal that opens the control switch when the first voltage exceeds the reference voltage to prevent the battery pack from generating excess heat, wherein the current limiting switch is a first current limiting switch, and wherein the control switch is a second current limiting switch provided on the current path of the battery and is coupled to a second current limiting control circuit to limit current output by the battery, the second current limiting switch having a second switch voltage contributing to the first voltage,
a first driving switch having a first driver control input coupled to the control output of the power limiting circuit comparator and a first driving output coupled to a first control input of the current limiting switch; and
a second driving switch having a second driver control input coupled to the control output of the power limiting circuit comparator and a second driving output coupled to a second control input of the second current limiting switch.

US Pat. No. 10,193,360

UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY RECEPTIVE TO DIFFERENT TYPES OF OUTPUT MODULES

HEWLETT PACKARD ENTERPRIS...

1. An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) comprising:an output module, to connect to a first battery set and a second battery set in the UPS, comprising an inverter and a conductor;
a charging circuit, connected directly to the first battery set, to change the first and second battery set using alternating current (AC) power; and
a slot, receptive to insertion of the output module, wherein installing the output module in the slot connects the first and second battery sets in parallel or connects the first and second battery sets in series via the conductor; and completes an electrical circuit between the charging circuit, the first battery set, and the second battery set such that based on the completion of the electrical circuit, the charging circuit indirectly charges the second battery set;
the inventor to convert direct current (DC) power from the first battery set and the second battery set based on the output module completing the electrical circuit with the charging circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,359

BATTERY PACK SYSTEM

EVchip Energy Ltd., Ness...

1. A switcher chip for use in interconnecting a set of energy sources, comprising:a main negative terminal;
a cascading negative terminal;
a main positive terminal;
a cascading positive terminal;
a plurality of energy source terminals; and
a plurality of switches, wherein
the switcher chip is configured such that:
when a set of energy sources are connected to the switcher chip via the plurality of energy source terminals and a first subset of the plurality of switches are closed and the remainder of the switches are open, the set of energy sources are connected in parallel with each other and current is able to flow out the main positive terminal but is not able to flow out the cascading positive terminal,
when a set of energy sources are connected to the switcher chip via the plurality of energy source terminals and a second subset of the plurality of switches are closed and the remainder of the switches are open, the set of energy sources are connected in series with each other and current is able to flow out the main positive terminal but is not able to flow out the cascading positive terminal,
when a set of energy sources are connected to the switcher chip via the plurality of energy source terminals and a third subset of the plurality of switches are closed and the remainder of the switches are open, at least two of the energy sources in the set of energy sources are connected in series with each other and current is able to flow out the cascading positive terminal but is not able to flow out the main positive terminal,
when a set of energy sources are connected to the switcher chip via the plurality of energy source terminals and a fourth subset of the plurality of switches are closed and the remainder of the switches are open, a subset set of energy sources are connected in parallel with each other, at least one energy source is electrically disconnected from each of the other energy sources, and current is able to flow out the main positive terminal but is not able to flow out the cascading positive terminal, and
when a set of energy sources are connected to the switcher chip via the plurality of energy source terminals and a fifth subset of the plurality of switches are closed and the remainder of the switches are open, a subset set of energy sources are connected in series with each other and at least one energy source from the set is electrically disconnected from each of the other energy sources of the set.

US Pat. No. 10,193,356

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY ACCUMULATOR AND BALANCING METHOD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for balancing a multiplicity of strings of electrochemical storage modules (10) connected in parallel with one another by means of at least one universal buck-boost (UniBB) module and connected by a loading contactor to a load and by a charging contactor to a charger, the method comprising:identifying (S100) a first state of charge (I) of a first storage module (M1) in a first string of the multiplicity of strings,
identifying (S200) a second state of charge (II) of a second storage module (M2) in a second string of the multiplicity of strings, wherein the second storage module (M2) is a UniBB module,
disconnecting the multiplicity of strings of electrochemical storage modules from the load and the charger, and
operating the first storage module (M1) as a voltage source while the second storage module (M2) is operated as a current source to balance the first state of charge (I) and the second state of charge (II),
wherein the electrochemical storage modules (M1, M2, Mn) further include
(a) electrochemical storage modules which are put into a blocking mode if they belong to strings (S0) not involved in balancing the multiplicity of strings of electrochemical storage modules (10),
(b) electrochemical storage modules which are put into a bypass mode if they belong to strings (S1, S3) involved in balancing the multiplicity of strings of electrochemical storage modules (10), or
both (a) and (b).

US Pat. No. 10,193,352

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A wireless power transmission apparatus comprising:a mounting member;
an upper transmission coil disposed on the mounting member; and
first and second terminals disposed in the mounting member,
wherein the upper transmission coil comprises:
an outer coil part connected to the first terminal and formed in one-turn with respect to a central axis between the first and second terminals;
a first inner coil part connected to the outer coil part and formed in a half-turn on a first side of the central axis;
a second inner coil part connected to the first inner coil part, formed in a half-turn on a second side of the central axis;
a third inner coil part connected to the second inner coil part, formed in a half-turn on the first side of the central axis; and
a fourth inner coil part connected to the third inner coil part and the second terminal, formed in a half-turn on the second side of the central axis,
wherein the one-turn of the outer coil includes a rectangular shape with rounded corners or a circular shape, and
wherein the half-turn of the first, second and third inner coil parts includes two rounded corners of a rectangular shape or one half or less of a circular shape.

US Pat. No. 10,193,350

POWER SUPPLYING DEVICE AND POWER RECEIVING DEVICE

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A power supplying device, comprising:a controller configured to:
receive, from a first device of a plurality of devices, a first request to supply power through a direct-current bus line, wherein DC power flows through the direct-current bus line;
determine, based on the first request, whether the power supplying device is able to supply the power to the first device;
transmit a response to the first device based on the determination that the power supplying device is able to supply the power, wherein the response indicates the power supplying device as a candidate to supply the power;
determine one of a presence or an absence of a right to control the direct-current bus line, wherein the presence of the right to control the direct-current bus line indicates that a second device of the plurality of devices has the right to control the direct-current bus line;
acquire the right to control the direct-current bus line, based on the absence of the right to control;
notify the plurality of devices of the acquisition of the right to control the direct-current bus line; and
control the supply of the power through the direct-current bus line to the first device based on the acquired right to control the direct-current bus line.

US Pat. No. 10,193,348

ARRANGEMENT AND INSTALLATION FOR TRANSMITTING ELECTRIC POWER WITH A RESERVE RECTIFIER

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. An arrangement, comprising:a first group of rectifiers having a DC voltage side connected to form a series circuit on the DC voltage side, and an AC voltage side to be connected to a first AC voltage network;
a plurality of switching devices;
a reserve rectifier having an AC voltage side and a DC voltage side, wherein, on occasion of a fault of one of said rectifiers of said first group of rectifiers, said AC voltage side of said reserve rectifier is to be electrically connected by way of a respective said switching device of said plurality of switching devices to the first AC voltage network and said DC voltage side of said reserve rectifier is to be connected to a first DC voltage line to form an augmented series circuit with said rectifiers of said first group of rectifiers.

US Pat. No. 10,193,346

INTERFACE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEM

Technology Research, LLC,...

1. An interface system for a renewable energy system, the interface system comprising:a plurality of micro-inverter boards, the micro-inverter boards each comprising:
a micro-inverter;
a DC power input configured for connecting the micro-inverter to a DC power source;
an AC power output configured for connecting the micro-inverter to a load and an external AC power grid; and
a controller for controlling AC power from the micro-inverter to be in phase with the external AC power grid; and
a switching matrix comprising:
a first switch, wherein the first switch is positioned between the load and the micro-inverters of the plurality of micro-inverter boards and also between the micro-inverters of the plurality of micro-inverter boards and the external AC power grid; and
a second switch, wherein the second switch is positioned between the external AC power grid and the micro-inverters of the plurality of micro-inverter boards and also between the external AC power grid and the load,
wherein the first switch and the second switch are each adjustable between an open position and a closed position, the micro-inverters of the plurality of micro-inverter boards being connected to the external AC power grid when the first switch and the second switch are in their respective closed positions, and the micro-inverters of the plurality of micro-inverter boards being disconnected from the external AC power grid when at least one of the first switch or the second switch is in the open position.

US Pat. No. 10,193,345

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING THE POWER OUTPUT OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL

Solarlytics, Inc., Liver...

1. A method of managing a photovoltaic device, comprising:enabling a first port of a switch to be coupled to the photovoltaic device;
enabling a second port of the switch to be coupled to a load driven by the photovoltaic device;
enabling a third port of the switch to be coupled to a voltage source, wherein the switch can operate in a first position for providing a first current path, between the photovoltaic device and the voltage source and a second position for providing a second current path between the photovoltaic device and the load; and
applying a voltage signal generated by the voltage source to the photovoltaic device, the voltage signal having a first state including a series of voltage pulses with a positive magnitude for generating an external electric field across the photovoltaic device when the switch is in the first position and a second state to provide electrical isolation between the voltage source and the load when the switch is in the second position; and
controlling a frequency, a magnitude, or a duration of the first state and the second state via a control circuit coupled to the voltage source and the switch based on an output current of the photovoltaic device measured by a current sensor coupled in series between the photovoltaic device and the load or an output voltage of the photovoltaic device measured by a voltage probe coupled across the photovoltaic device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,343

METHOD FOR MANAGING POWER OF ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM CONNECTED WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY

Doosan Heavy Industries C...

1. A method for managing power of an energy storage system (ESS) connected to renewable energy, the ESS including an energy storage device connected to a power grid, a battery management system (BMS), a power conditioning system (PCS), and one or more renewable energy generation facilities producing electric energy from renewable energy, the method comprising the steps of:determining a predicted power consumption amount of a power load and a predicted power production amount of the renewable energy generation facility (S100);
storing type and characteristics information of the renewable energy generation facility (S200);
predicting power production of the renewable energy generation facility based on the stored type and characteristics information (S300);
determining a required discharge amount for the energy storage device (S400);
determining whether a power shortage amount is equal to or greater than a predetermined value depending on the required charge amount of the energy storage device (S500);
determining whether the energy storage device is fully charged with the power production from the renewable energy generation facility if the power shortage amount is smaller than the predetermined value (S600); and
controlling charging/discharging operation of the energy storage device according to a charge/discharge schedule.

US Pat. No. 10,193,342

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING POWER GENERATORS OF A SUBGRID WITHIN AN INTERCONNECTED GRID

1. A sub-grid controller for a sub-grid within an interconnected grid, the sub-grid controller comprising:a first controller configured to control power generators or loads of the sub-grid according to sensor-detected internal measured variables, sensor-detected external measured variables and external manipulated variables, or any combination thereof of the sub-grid, such that a dynamic behavior of the sub-grid with respect to neighboring sub-grids corresponds to a defined target behavior,
wherein the first controller is configured to calculate a control vector u for the power generators, the loads, and subnetworks from a vector y of the sensor detected internal measured variables and a vector v of the sensor-detected external measured variables and the external manipulated variables as follows:
u=K·y+L·v, where
K is an output feedback matrix, and
L is a feedforward matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,193,339

GRID INTEGRATED CONTROL APPARATUS, GRID CONTROL SYSTEM, GRID CONTROL APPARATUS, PROGRAM, AND CONTROL METHOD

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A grid control system, comprising:a plurality of grids, wherein each of the plurality of grids includes at least one processor configured to execute machine-readable instructions to implement:
a power transmission and reception unit that transmits and receives power between a grid of the plurality of grids and one or more other grids of the plurality of grids through a power transmission line; and
a grid control unit that controls the power transmission and reception unit on the basis of a control instruction received from a grid integrated control apparatus connected through a communication line,
wherein at least one of the grids of the plurality of grids includes a distribution unit that distributes power to a consumer consuming power; and
the grid integrated control apparatus comprises at least one processor configured to execute machine-readable instructions to implement:
a supply and demand energy information receiver unit that receives, for each of the grids of the plurality of grids, supply and demand energy information indicating a difference between supply energy from the grid to the one or more other grids and supply energy to the grid from the one or more other grids;
a cost information receiver unit that receives cost information indicating a cost required for power transmission between the plurality of grids, the cost information including a wheeling charge per unit time required for power transmission through the power transmission line for each combination of a grid of the plurality of grids that supplies power and a grid of the plurality of grids that receives power, and a power loss caused by power transmission through the power transmission line for each combination of a grid of the plurality of grids that supplies power and a grid of the plurality of grids that receives power;
a grid control instruction generation unit that performs:
determining a combination of: the grid that supplies power; the grid that receives power; and a transmitted energy, on the basis of the supply and demand energy information received by the supply and demand energy information receiver unit and the cost information received by the cost information receiver unit;
generating the control instruction for controlling power transmission of each of the grids of the plurality of grids on the basis of the determined combination; and
transmitting the control instruction to each of the grids, the control instruction adjusting an amount of the power supplied by the grid that supplies power based on the determined combination;
wherein one or more of the grids includes a power storage unit configured to store energy; and
a range determination unit that sets a range of the stored energy by increasing and/or decreasing an upper limit and/or a lower limited of a range of the stored energy on the basis of the control instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,193,338

VOLTAGE TRIGGERED EDGE INSENSITIVE PROTECTION CIRCUIT

SYNAPTICS INCORPORATED, ...

1. A trigger circuit for controlling a current shunt in an integrated circuit, comprising:a comparison circuit configured to:
compare a monitored voltage to a reference voltage, wherein the monitored voltage is generated by a powered or non-powered electrode static discharge (ESD) or electrostatic overstress (EOS) event; and
output a signal indicating when the monitored voltage is equal to or greater than the reference voltage; and
a shunt circuit configured to shunt the current based on receiving the signal from the comparison circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,337

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

LAPIS Semiconductor Co., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:an internal circuit;
a power supply line;
a grounding line;
a voltage regulator configured to generate, based on a power supply voltage, an internal power supply voltage for operating said internal circuit to apply said internal power supply voltage to said internal circuit via said power supply line and said grounding line, said internal power supply voltage having a voltage value lower than a voltage value of said power supply voltage; and
a protection circuit having first to n-th transistors (“n” denotes an integer being 2 or more) of PNP type which are Darlington-connected with one another,
wherein
a collector terminal of each of said first to n-th transistors is connected to said grounding line, and
an emitter terminal of the first transistor within said first to n-th transistors is connected to said power supply line while a base terminal of the n-th transistor within said first to n-th transistors is connected to said grounding line.

US Pat. No. 10,193,336

ESD PROTECTION CIRCUIT, DIFFERENTIAL TRANSMISSION LINE, COMMON MODE FILTER CIRCUIT, ESD PROTECTION DEVICE, AND COMPOSITE DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An ESD protection circuit comprising:a first terminal and a second terminal defining a first balanced port;
a third terminal and a fourth terminal defining a second balanced port;
a first ESD protection circuit that includes a first Zener diode and is connected between a ground and a first node between the first terminal and the third terminal;
a second ESD protection circuit that includes a second Zener diode, is connected between the ground and a second node between the second terminal and the fourth terminal, and is symmetric with respect to the first ESD protection circuit;
a first coil provided in series between the first terminal and the first node;
a third coil that is cumulatively connected to the first coil and is provided in series between the third terminal and the first node;
a second coil provided in series between the second terminal and the second node; and
a fourth coil that is cumulatively connected to the second coil and is provided in series between the fourth terminal and the second node.

US Pat. No. 10,193,334

APPARATUSES AND METHOD FOR OVER-VOLTAGE EVENT PROTECTION

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a conductive path circuit configured to discharge current associated with an over-voltage event at an input node responsive to a voltage of the input node having a magnitude that exceeds a trigger voltage; and
a trigger circuit coupled to the conductive path circuit, the trigger circuit comprising:
a first transistor coupled to the conductive path circuit and configured to adjust the magnitude of the trigger voltage, wherein the trigger voltage is provided from a source of the first transistor, wherein the first transistor comprises a p-type field-effect transistor including a drain, wherein a doped region forming the drain of the first transistor is shared with the conductive path circuit; and
a lateral bipolar junction transistor merged with the first transistor and wherein the first transistor and the bipolar junction transistor share at least two doped regions.

US Pat. No. 10,193,333

ESD PROTECTION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An electronic discharge protection device comprising:an insulating substrate;
a cavity provided in the insulating substrate;
at least one pair of discharge electrodes each including a portion exposed in the cavity, the exposed portions facing each other; and
external electrodes provided on a surface of the insulating substrate and connected to the at least one pair of discharge electrodes; wherein
a particulate supporting electrode material having conductivity is dispersed between the exposed portions; and
the particulate supporting electrode material includes a mixture of conductive materials with different sizes that are disposed in the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,193,332

ESD PROTECTION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An ESD protection device comprising:a substrate;
first and second discharge electrodes provided on the substrate, the first and second discharge electrodes facing each other with a gap therebetween;
a high-dielectric-constant layer, directly or indirectly, coupling the first discharge electrode and the second discharge electrode, the high-dielectric-constant layer having a relative dielectric constant of 30 or more; and
a back electrode overlapping with the gap between the first and second discharge electrodes with part of the substrate therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,193,331

POWER DISTRIBUTION UNIT AND METHOD OF CONTAINING ARC FAULTS IN POWER DISTRIBUTION UNITS

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A method of containing arc faults in a power distribution unit, the method comprising:in response to a bus bar temperature exceeding a bus bar temperature threshold, thermally opening a conductive element extending between an energizing coil of a contactor, a bus bar, and a controller configured to selectively open and close the contactor, the conductive element being electrically connected to the energizing coil of the contactor and the controller, the conductive element being electrically isolated from a power source electrically connected to the bus bar through the contactor, the conductive element being disposed on a surface of the bus bar and being electrically isolated from the bus bar.

US Pat. No. 10,193,330

SAFETY SYSTEM FOR MOTOR DRIVE

Rockwell Automation Techn...

1. A control circuit, comprising:an input to receive a DC input signal;
a first DC to DC converter to convert the DC input signal to provide a first DC output signal;
a second DC to DC converter to convert the DC input signal to provide a second DC output signal;
a protection circuit, including:
a switch configured when a switch control signal is in a first state to connect the input to the first and second DC to DC converters, and configured when the switch control signal is in a different second state to disconnect the input from the first and second DC to DC converters, and
a protection control circuit, including a protection control circuit output to provide the switch control signal according to the DC input signal and a monitor signal; and
a monitor circuit, including a monitor circuit output to provide the monitor signal in one of a first state and a second state according to the first and second DC output signals.

US Pat. No. 10,193,327

SAFETY CONTROL METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SYSTEM WITH PRECHARGING CIRCUIT, AND SYSTEM THEREOF

SCHNEIDER TOSHIBA INVERTE...

1. A safety control method for a system including a precharging circuit, the control method comprising:detecting if a number of times that the precharging circuit has reached an undervoltage condition reaches a threshold number of times;
calculating a duration between the precharging circuit reaching the undervoltage condition for a first time and the precharging circuit reaching the undervoltage condition for the threshold number of times;
issuing an error alarm and stopping operation of the system when the number of times reaches the threshold number of times and the duration is less than or equal to a threshold period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,193,326

NON-INTRUSIVE SHORT-CIRCUIT PROTECTION FOR POWER SUPPLY DEVICES

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method of protecting a power source, having an output voltage, from a short circuit, the method comprising:providing to a first input of a voltage comparator, a power source voltage minus a voltage drop across a first, forward-biased, non-ideal diode carrying electric current from the power source to a load;
providing to a second input of the voltage comparator, the power source voltage minus a voltage drop across a second, forward-biased, non-ideal diode, which is also coupled to the power source and which carries a reference current, to a second input of the voltage comparator; and
providing a control voltage signal, which is output from the voltage comparator, to a switching device located between the power source and the first forward-biased non-ideal diode, the control voltage signal and switching device being selected and configured to disconnect the power source when a power supply voltage drop across the first forward-biased, non-ideal diode exceeds a predetermined threshold relative to a power supply voltage drop across the second forward-biased, non-ideal diode.

US Pat. No. 10,193,325

CONTROLLED POWER-UP SCHEME FOR AN ELECTRONIC TRIP UNIT, AND CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER EMPLOYING SAME

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A power supply circuit for a trip unit of a circuit interrupter, comprising:a current transformer structured to provide power based on a primary current flowing through the circuit interrupter;
a startup circuit coupled to the current transformer, wherein the startup circuit includes a burden impedance, and wherein the startup circuit is structured to: (i) burden the current transformer using the burden impedance, (ii) monitor a level of the power available from the current transformer, (iii) prevent the trip unit from starting up responsive to the level being below a predetermined value, and (iv) remove the burden and cause the trip unit to be started up responsive to the level being above the predetermined value; and
a DC/DC converter coupled to an output of the startup circuit, wherein the DC/DC converter is structured to provide a power signal to the trip unit responsive to the level being above the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,193,323

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a semiconductor switching element having a sense terminal and capable of outputting from the sense terminal a sense current given at a predetermined shunt ratio to a main current;
a sense resistor having one end connected to the sense terminal, having the other end configured to be connected to a ground, and receiving a current from the sense terminal to generate a sense voltage;
a correction voltage generation circuit which generates a correction voltage;
a voltage dividing circuit including a first resistor which receives the sense voltage at its one end and a second resistor which receives at its one end the correction voltage from the correction voltage generation circuit, and whose other end is connected to the other end of the first resistor, the voltage dividing circuit outputting from the point of connection between the first and second resistors a corrected sense voltage obtained by correcting the sense voltage with the correction voltage;
an overcurrent protection circuit to which the corrected sense voltage is input, and which outputs a halt signal when the corrected sense voltage is higher than a threshold voltage;
a drive circuit which stops driving of the semiconductor switching element upon receiving the halt signal from the overcurrent protection circuit; and
a correction voltage switching element which connects the correction voltage generation circuit and the one end of the second resistor,
wherein the correction voltage switching element is turned on from an off state after a lapse of a predetermined time period from a moment at which the semiconductor switching element is turned on, and with the correction voltage switching element turned on, the correction voltage generation circuit is connected to the one end of the second resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,321

FILLER ASSEMBLY FOR CABLE GLAND

1. A filler assembly for filling a cable gland with curable liquid material, the assembly comprising:(a) a dispenser apparatus for a curable liquid material, the apparatus comprising:
a body defining at least one first chamber accommodating a first component of a curable liquid material, and at least one second chamber accommodating a second component of said curable liquid material, wherein mixing of said first and second components initiates curing of said curable liquid material; and
at least one dispenser device adapted to dispense said mixed curable liquid material therefrom between a plurality of said cores of said cable; and
(b) at least one flexible barrier member capable of having at least one respective aperture therethrough configured to be adapted to stretch to engage a plurality of cores of a cable while in use to provide a barrier to passage of said curable liquid material along said cores.

US Pat. No. 10,193,320

INTEGRAL TERMINAL COMPARTMENT WITH DEPLOYABLE TERMINAL BLOCK

Pelco Products, Inc., Ed...

1. A terminal compartment for supporting a terminal block inside an internal space of a utility pole, the utility pole having a hand hole for accessing the internal space, the compartment comprising:a frame mountable in the hand hole of the utility pole and defining an access opening and an enclosure; and
a terminal block support movably mounted in the enclosure of the frame for movement between an operating position and a deployed position, wherein in the operating position a terminal block fixed to the terminal block support is contained entirely inside the internal space of the utility pole, and wherein in the deployed position a terminal block fixed to the terminal block support will extend through the access opening at least partially outside the pole.

US Pat. No. 10,193,319

ASYMMETRIC AEOLIAN VIBRATION DAMPER

Central Michigan Universi...

1. A vibration damper comprising:a clamp assembly to mount the vibration damper to a line;
a first messenger cable extending in a first direction from the clamp assembly and having an end affixed to a first primary weight to dampen vibrations through flexion of the first messenger cable and oscillation of the first primary weight with respect to the clamp assembly;
a second messenger cable extending in a second direction opposite the first direction from the clamp assembly and having an end affixed to a second primary weight to dampen vibrations through flexion of the second messenger cable and oscillation of the second primary weight with respect to the clamp assembly;
a first beam extending from the first primary weight and having an end affixed to a first secondary weight to dampen vibrations through flexion of the first beam and oscillation of the first secondary weight with respect to the first primary weight;
a second beam extending from the first primary weight and having an end affixed to a second secondary weight to dampen vibrations through flexion of the second beam and oscillation of the second secondary weight with respect to the first primary weight;
a third beam extending from the second primary weight and having an end affixed to a third secondary weight to dampen vibrations through flexion of the third beam and oscillation of the third secondary weight with respect to the second primary weight; and
a fourth beam extending from the second primary weight and having an end affixed to a fourth secondary weight to dampen vibrations through flexion of the fourth beam and oscillation of the fourth secondary weight with respect to the second primary weight;
wherein each of the first, second, third, and fourth beams includes a vertically-facing surface having a relatively large surface area and a horizontally-facing surface having a relatively small surface area such that an area moment of inertia of each beam is larger about an axis perpendicular to the vertically-facing surface than about an axis perpendicular to the horizontally-facing surface.

US Pat. No. 10,193,318

EFFICIENT INSTALLATION ELECTRICAL HARDWARE SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USE

1. A wiring device installation system, comprising:a hole cutter having
a handle; and
cutting edges positionable on an exterior surface of a wall, the cutting edges being dimensioned and arranged to cut a hole through the wall upon delivery of an impact force through the handle;
an electrical box assembly securable to a building structure,
wherein the electrical box assembly includes a first plurality of terminals and is dimensioned and arranged for coupling to the building structure before or after delivery of the impact force, and
wherein the hole cutter is operable, prior to or after securing of the electrical box assembly to the building structure, to cut a hole in a wall secured to the building structure; and
at least one of
a bracket insertable through a hole cut by the hole cutter, the bracket being securable to the building structure and adapted to receive and retain the electrical box assembly behind the wall in alignment with the hole cut by the hole cutter to thereby secure the electrical box assembly to the building structure;
an electrical device comprising a second plurality of terminals, wherein the first and second plurality of terminals are electrical terminals configured for complementary mating engagement upon insertion of the electrical device through a hole cut by the hole cutter to thereby establish an electrical connection between the electrical box assembly and the electrical device; and/or
a magnet block dimensioned and arranged for insertion into the electrical box assembly prior to operation of the hole cutter to create a hole aligned therewith, the magnetic block defining a third plurality of terminals configured for complementary mating engagement with the first plurality of terminals to thereby removably hold the magnetic block completely within the electrical box while a magnetic template is used to create a hole pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,193,317

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND SWITCHING ASSEMBLY THEREFOR

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A switching assembly comprising: an enclosure member; a backpan coupled to said enclosure member; an electrical switching apparatus coupled to said enclosure member; an electrical receptacle electrically connected to said electrical switching apparatus; and a bussing assembly comprising a number of stabs, said electrical switching apparatus being coupled to at least one of said number of stabs by a plug-on connection-; and a first door member and a second door member each pivotably connected to said enclosure member, said first door member overlaying said electrical switching apparatus in order to provide access thereto, said second door member overlaying said electrical receptacle in order to provide access thereto, said first door member having a first center point structured to open in a first plane, said second door member having a second center point structured to open in a second plane substantially coplanar with the first plane, wherein said enclosure member, said backpan, said electrical switching apparatus, and said electrical receptacle are structured so as to form a self-contained sub-assembly; wherein said backpan comprises a mounting surface disposed in a third plane; wherein said electrical receptacle comprises an interface surface disposed in a fourth plane; and wherein the fourth plane is disposed at an angle of between 30 degrees and 60 degrees with respect to the third plane.

US Pat. No. 10,193,315

CORRUGATED TUBE ASSEMBLY FOR RECEIVING LINES, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SUCH A CORRUGATED TUBE ASSEMBLY

1. A corrugated tube assembly for receiving lines, wiring harnesses or the like, comprising an inner and an outer respectively flexible corrugated tube made from plastic with circumferential corrugations and within each case one longitudinal slot, it being possible for the outer corrugated tube to be plugged onto the inner corrugated tube with mutual radial engagement of the corrugations of the two corrugated tubes, a longitudinal bar which is configured on the inner corrugated tube protruding radially into the longitudinal slot of the outer corrugated tube in a plugged-on state and covering said longitudinal slot, which longitudinal bar is provided with corrugations of identical shape and pitch to those on the outer corrugated tube, and an external diameter of which corresponds to that of the corrugations on the outer corrugated tube, characterized in that radial end cross sections of all corrugations are completely closed by way of coverings that are formed integrally with the corrugations on a first and a second side edge of the longitudinal slot of the outer corrugated tube and a third and a fourth side edge of the longitudinal bar on the inner corrugated tube and a fifth and a sixth side edge on longitudinal sides of a remaining cross section of the inner corrugated tube which runs on both sides of said longitudinal bar, the longitudinal bar of the inner corrugated tube is connected on both longitudinal sides to the remaining cross section of the inner corrugated tube in each case via a depression which is V-shaped as seen in a radial cross section and runs radially as far as an internal diameter of the corrugations of the inner corrugated tube, each V-shaped depression being defined between the third and the fifth edge and the fourth and the sixth edge, respectively, and in that, in a plugged-together state of the two corrugated tubes, each side edge of the longitudinal slot of the outer corrugated tube protrudes into each V-shaped depression on a respective facing longitudinal side of the longitudinal bar of the inner corrugated tube.

US Pat. No. 10,193,313

FLEXIBLE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CORONA IGNITION POWER SUPPLY

Federal-Mogul Ignition LL...

1. A corona discharge ignition system, comprising:a corona igniter receiving energy at a drive frequency and an output current;
a first switch and a second switch each providing energy to the corona igniter at the drive frequency; and
a controller obtaining an output current signal representative of the output current received by the corona igniter;
the controller activating the first switch an amount of time after a first zero crossing of the output current signal while the second switch is not activated, wherein the first zero crossing is a zero crossing of the most recent full cycle of the output current signal, and the amount of time after the first zero crossing is determined based on at least one zero crossing of at least one full cycle of the output current signal previous to the most recent full cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,193,311

SPARK PLUG

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A spark plug comprising:an insulator comprising an alumina-based sintered body containing an alumina crystal, wherein
the alumina-based sintered body includes 92 mass % to 96 mass % of Al in terms of an oxide, and at least three elements selected from Group II elements in the periodic table based on IUPAC Recommendations 1990, one of the at least three elements being 1.90 mass % or more of Ba in terms of an oxide,
the alumina-based sintered body includes the following phases in a grain boundary phase present between grains of the alumina crystal;
a first crystal phase containing Si and at least one of the Group II elements, and
a second crystal phase containing Al and at least one of the Group II elements, with the proviso that a crystal phase containing Si and a crystal phase containing Mg as a sole Group II element are excluded from the second crystal phase, and
in an X-ray diffraction of the alumina-based sintered body, the maximum relative intensity of the first crystal phase and the maximum relative intensity of the second crystal phase are both 2 or above relative to the maximum diffraction intensity of the alumina crystal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,307

TENSILE STRAINED SEMICONDUCTOR PHOTON EMISSION AND DETECTION DEVICES AND INTEGRATED PHOTONICS SYSTEM

Acorn Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A method, comprising:patterning and etching a germanium layer to form a germanium fin extending above a substrate region;
forming compressive stressors on side walls of the germanium fin to impart uniaxial tensile strain in the germanium fin in a direction orthogonal to a plane defined by said substrate region, said compressive stressors formed by depositing a conformal blanket layer of compressively stressed silicon nitride over the germanium fin and then etching the deposited silicon nitride from a top region of the germanium fin, thereby exposing a top surface of the germanium fin.

US Pat. No. 10,193,297

DISTRIBUTED COUPLED RESONATOR LASER

Wi-Charge Ltd., Rehovot ...

1. A distributed laser comprising:a first retroreflector acting as a back mirror of said distributed laser;
a gain medium, positioned within the field of view of said first retroreflector;
a second retroreflector having a partially reflective surface;
a third retroreflector comprising said partially reflective surface, said third retroreflector being disposed on the opposite side of said partially reflective surface to said first retroreflector and said gain medium; and
a fourth retroreflector,
wherein said retroreflectors are serially disposed, with said fourth retroreflector facing said third retroreflector and remotely located from said third retroreflector.

US Pat. No. 10,193,296

PASSIVELY MODE-LOCKED FIBER RING GENERATOR

IPG PHOTONICS CORPORATION...

1. A fiber pulse generator for emitting a train of pulses each with a desired spectral width, duration and energy, comprising a plurality of fiber chains connected to one another to define a ring cavity which unidirectionally guides a signal therealong, the fiber chains each being configured with:a fiber amplifier operative to increase an intensity of the signal to a desired intensity,
an optical fiber receiving the signal with the desired intensity sufficient to broaden a spectral width of the signal to a desired spectral width at an output of the optical fiber, and
a spectral filter coupled to the output of the optical fiber and having a bandpass, wherein the bandpasses of respective optical filters of the fiber chains are centered on respective frequency components spectrally spaced from one another to allow the signal to sequentially overlap the bandpasses of respective filters,at least one of the fiber chains including an output coupler which is directly coupled to the output of the optical fiber and configured to guide the pulses with the desired spectral width, duration and energy outside the ring cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,193,295

FIBER LASER FIBER PACKAGING AND THERMAL MANAGEMENT

nLIGHT, Inc., Vancouver,...

1. A fiber laser system, comprising:a main body, wherein the main body includes one or more fiber laser system components;
a first wall hingedly attached to the main body along a first edge, the first wall having a first wall open position and a first wall closed position; and
a plurality of feed fiber management and splicing components mounted to the first wall;
wherein the plurality of feed fiber management and splicing components includes a feed fiber splice block removably mounted to an interior surface of the first wall;
wherein the plurality of feed fiber management and splicing components includes a first set of feed fiber guide members and a second set of feed fiber guide members mounted to the interior of the first wall on opposing sides of the feed fiber splice block;
wherein the first and second sets of feed fiber guide members are each mounted in a curved layout corresponding to a feed fiber path on opposing sides of the feed fiber splice block.

US Pat. No. 10,193,294

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a base member;
a laser element mounted on or above the base member;
a retaining member having a light reflective inner wall defining a through hole, the retaining member having a first surface on a laser element side and a second surface not on the laser element side;
a fluorescent member fixed to the through hole and disposed on an optical path of laser light emitted by the laser element; and
a first fixing member and a second fixing member clamping the retaining member, the first fixing member having a first contact surface in contact with the first surface of the retaining member, the second fixing member having a second contact surface in contact with the second surface of the retaining member, the first contact surface and the second contact surface being disposed in such a manner that a distance between the first contact surface and the second contact surface becomes smaller as the first contact surface and the second contact surface become farther from the through hole,
wherein the retaining member, the first fixing member and the second fixing member are arranged in such a manner that a space surrounded by the retaining member, the first fixing member, and the second fixing member exists around the retaining member.

US Pat. No. 10,193,291

ROTARY CRIMPING TOOL ASSEMBLY

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A rotary crimping tool assembly configured to crimp a portion of a structure, the rotary crimping tool assembly comprising:a tool housing defining a crimping chamber; and
one or more crimp wheels within the crimping chamber, wherein the crimping chamber is configured to receive the portion of the structure in proximity to the one or more crimp wheels, and wherein the one or more crimp wheels are configured to be pressed into and rotated relative to the portion of the structure to form one or more crimps in the portion of the structure;
wherein each of the one or more crimp wheels comprises a conductor crimp member and a sealing crimp member, wherein the conductor crimp member has a different shape than the sealing crimp member, wherein the conductor crimp member includes a smooth, arcuate outer surface having a central equator from which lateral portions recede, wherein the sealing crimp member has a plurality of seal-indenting features, wherein the conductor crimp member has a first height and the sealing crimp member has a second height, wherein the first height exceeds the second height, the conductor crimp member is configured to form a first crimp at a first depth into the portion of structure, and the sealing crimp member is configured to form a second crimp at a second depth into the portion of structure, and wherein the first depth is deeper than the second depth.

US Pat. No. 10,193,288

SNAP BUTTON FASTENER PROVIDING ELECTRICAL CONNECTION

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A fastener element to provide electrical connection comprising:a mechanical part including either a stud portion or a socket portion; and
a separate electrical connector, wherein the electrical connector is located at least in part within the stud portion or the socket portion of the mechanical part, and wherein a first electrical connector is insulated from the stud portion or the socket portion, the first electrical connector being one of an electrical pin or an electrical receptacle;
wherein the fastener element is operable to be removeably interlocked with a second fastener element, the second fastener element including the other of a stud portion or socket portion, and including the other of an electrical pin or an electrical receptacle and when the fastener element is interlocked with the second fastener element the electrical pin for the stud portion is disposed within the stud portion and connects with the electrical receptacle for the socket portion inside the stud portion; and
wherein the electrical connector of the fastener element is to provide an electrical connection with the second fastener element upon the mechanical part of the fastener element being interlocked with the second fastener element, and wherein the electrical connection is broken upon the first mechanical part of the fastener element being separated from the second fastener element.

US Pat. No. 10,193,287

CONNECTING ADAPTER FOR A CONNECTING TERMINAL ASSEMBLY

Phoenix Contact GmbH Co. ...

1. A connecting adapter configured to connect to a connecting terminal assembly, wherein the connecting terminal assembly comprises a plurality of electrical connecting terminals, the connecting adapter comprising:a first printed circuit board comprising a first comb-type conducting structure comprising a plurality of comb teeth, wherein each comb tooth comprises a first electrical contact surface;
a second printed circuit board comprising a second comb-type conducting structure comprising a plurality of comb teeth, wherein each comb tooth comprises a second electrical contact surface;
an electrical plug connector interface configured to receive a plug connector, wherein the electrical plug connector interface comprises electrical terminals electrically connected to the first electrical contact surfaces of the comb teeth, and wherein the electrical plug connector interface is arranged on the first printed circuit board;
a first electrical signal transmission interface formed in or on the first printed circuit board, wherein the first electrical signal transmission interface is electrically connected to the electrical plug connector interface; and
a second electrical signal transmission interface formed in or on the second printed circuit board, wherein the second signal transmission interface is electrically connected to the first electrical signal transmission interface of the first printed circuit board and to the second electrical contact surfaces of the comb teeth of the second printed circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,193,286

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC., T...

1. An electronic device comprising,a first connector including a first pin and a second pin, configured to connect to an external device, wherein the electronic device determines whether the electronic device is electrically connected to the external device according to a voltage level of the first pin;
a power switching circuit;
a power module connected to the power switching circuit; and
an external terminal connected to the power module via the power switching circuit,
when the electronic device is connected to the external device, the electronic device determines whether to supply power to the external device according to a voltage level of the second pin, and
the power switching circuit is conducted to allow the power module to provide power for the external device when the electronic device determines to supply power to the external device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,285

ELECTRICAL OUTLET HAVING MOVABLE POWER MODULE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electrical outlet structured to be electrically connected with a line conductor and a neutral conductor of an AC power source, the electrical outlet comprising:a base;
an electrical apparatus situated on the base;
the electrical apparatus comprising a power module situated on the base;
the power module having a plurality of electrical devices disposed thereon, at least a first electrical device of the plurality of electrical devices being an electrical output device that is structured to output electrical power;
the power module having an exterior surface, the exterior surface comprising a plurality of surface portions, each surface portion of at least some of the plurality of surface portions having at least a portion of at least a first electrical device of the plurality of electrical devices being situated adjacent thereto;
the power module being movable among a plurality of positions with respect to the base;
in each position of at least a plural quantity of the plurality of positions, a surface portion of the plurality of surface portions facing away from the base and the at least first electrical device situated adjacent the surface portion being electrically operable; and
wherein the at least first electrical device comprises at, least one of a Universal Serial Bus (USB) connector and a wireless charging apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,193,280

CONNECTOR WITH BI-DIRECTIONAL LATCH

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector with a bi-directional latching mechanism, comprising:a housing;
a plurality of terminals supported by the housing, the terminals including tail portions and contact portions for contacting opposing terminals of an opposing, mating connector, the terminal contact portions being disposed proximate to a mating end of the housing;
a shroud formed of a conductive material supported by the housing, the shroud enclosing the terminal contact portions and providing a conductive surface for mating with a shield of the opposing, mating connector; and
two latching members supported by the connector housing, each of the latching members including a base that is fixed in place with respect to the housing and a free end extending lengthwise from the base in a cantilevered fashion, the base and the free end being interconnected by an intervening body portion, wherein the latching members each include an actuating tab that extends vertically into contact with an actuation member of the housing such that translation of the actuation member causes the free ends to deflect vertically.

US Pat. No. 10,193,278

EXCHANGEABLE MODULE FOR A COMPUTER SYSTEM AS WELL AS COMPUTER SYSTEM

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. Exchangeable module for a computer system, comprising:a module body, which can be secured at a predetermined installation position inside the computer system,
a cable connection leading to the outside from the module body, at the end of which connection is arranged a plug connector, so that the module can be electrically coupled with another component of the computer system, and
a safety device, by means of which the plug connector is mechanically connected to the module body,
wherein the safety device is configured such that when a pulling force is applied to the module body, the cable connection is not subject to the pulling force.

US Pat. No. 10,193,277

PULL-TABS FOR DISENGAGING A CABLE ASSEMBLY FROM A RECEPTACLE

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A cable assembly comprising:a cable;
a cable connector attached to one end of the cable, wherein the cable connector comprises latching features to couple the cable connector to a receptacle;
a sleeve enclosed around at least a portion the cable;
pull-tabs disposed along a perimeter of a first end of the sleeve, wherein at least one of the pull-tabs is accessible to actuate the latching features when the cable connector is to disengage from the receptacle; and
attachment features to couple the sleeve to the latching features, wherein the sleeve comprises a meshed design that is configured to transfer a pull force from at least one of the pull-tabs, when the at least one of the pull-tabs is pulled, to the attachment features such that the attachment features actuate the latching features.

US Pat. No. 10,193,271

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING METALLIC OUTER COVER EQUIPPED WITH TRANSVERSELY LINKED MOUNTING EARS AND SEALING ELEMENT SECURED UPON FRONT END REGION

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:an insulative housing having a base portion and a tongue portion;
a plurality of contacts affixed to the insulative housing and exposed to the tongue portion;
an outer cover enclosing the insulative housing, the outer cover having a plurality of peripheral grooves open at a front face thereof; and
a sealing element having a plurality of protrusions secured to the plurality of grooves, wherein said contacts are assembled within the insulative housing to commonly form a contact module enclosed in the outer cover, wherein said outer cover is metallic, wherein said outer cover includes a tubular main portion and a pair of side arms unitarily extending outwardly from the tubular main portion in a transverse direction, wherein each of said side arms including a mounting ear linked to the tubular main portion via a connecting portion in the transverse direction.

US Pat. No. 10,193,270

CARTRIDGE OF GEL FOR A CONNECTION SET AND CONNECTION SETS COMPRISING SUCH A CARTRIDGE OF GEL

IXBLUE, Saint-Germaine-e...

1. A cartridge comprising:an outer case, partially filled with electrically insulating gel; and
at least one electrically conductive track submerged in the insulating gel, the conductive track being formed by an electrically conductive gel.

US Pat. No. 10,193,269

CONNECTOR MAINTENANCE PANEL

Oceaneering International...

1. A method of accomplishing a predetermined set of connector maintenance functions subsea using a connector maintenance panel, the connector maintenance panel comprising a panel and a plurality of fixed connector interfaces disposed through a predetermined portion of the connector maintenance panel, the method comprising:a. deploying the connector maintenance panel subsea;
b. powering the connector maintenance panel from an external source; and
c. performing a predetermined set of connector related functions by:
i. inserting a connector into a first selected connector interface of the plurality of connector interfaces, the first selected connector interface operable to perform a first predetermined connector related function of the predetermined connector related functions in a predetermined sequence;
ii. performing the first predetermined connector related function; and
iii. if further connector related functions are required, inserting the connector into each subsequent selected connector interface of the plurality of connector interfaces, each subsequent selected connector interface operative to perform a subsequent connector related function in the predetermined sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,193,268

SFP CABLE CONNECTOR CAPABLE OF PROTECTING SOLDER JOINTS

TERALUX TECHNOLOGY CO., L...

1. An SFP cable connector capable of protecting solder joints, comprising:a lower case having a lower receiving cavity;
a cable, one end of which extends into the lower receiving cavity and the other end of which extends out of the lower case;
a circuit board being fixed in the lower receiving cavity of the lower case and being soldered with the one end of the cable to form a plurality of solder joints on the circuit board;
an insulator being formed on the top of the circuit board and covering all the solder joints; and
an upper case being mounted on the lower case and forming an upper receiving cavity and a protruding shoulder with an end surface;
wherein the protruding shoulder extends downward from the top of the upper receiving cavity, and the end surface of the protruding shoulder is capable of pressing the insulator downward firmly; and the insulator has a top surface and a horizontal bottom surface; the insulator is directly formed on the top of the circuit board; and the horizontal bottom surface of the insulator covers all the solder joints of the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,193,263

CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A connector comprising:a housing provided with a terminal chamber;
a terminal including a terminal-connecting portion and a wire-connecting portion, the terminal-connecting portion accommodated in the terminal chamber and configured to connect with an opponent terminal, the wire-connecting portion configured to connect with an end of an electric wire drawn out from the housing to an outside of the housing;
a locking lance flexibly provided in the terminal chamber, the locking lance including a locking portion on a free end side of the locking lance, the locking portion configured to lock the terminal-connecting portion;
a plate portion provided in the terminal-connecting portion, and arranged facing the locking lance;
a hole portion formed in the plate portion, configured to receive the locking portion thereinto;
an engagement surface provided at an edge of the hole portion facing against an insertion direction of the terminal to the terminal chamber, the engagement surface configured to be engaged with the locking portion in a detachment direction of the terminal from the terminal chamber;
a pair of chamfered portions provided at edges of the hole portion on both sides of the engagement surface, the chamfered portions inclined toward an inside of the hole portion; and
a pair of supplemental engagement surfaces provided at parts of the engagement surface where the pair of chamfered portions is located, the supplemental engagement surfaces configured to be engaged with the locking portion in the detachment direction of the terminal from the terminal chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,193,258

TWO PIECE CLEAN BODY FEMALE ELECTRIC TERMINAL

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. A female electrical terminal comprising:a contact piece including contact arms that extend from a contact base on opposite sides of a terminal axis in an insertion direction to respective arm ends, the contact piece also including at least one contact latch; and
a spring piece including spring arms that extend from a spring base on opposite sides of the terminal axis and bias the contact arms toward the terminal axis, the spring piece also including at least one engagement tab that extends from the spring base and includes a spring latch that is engaged with the contact latch to prevent movement of the spring piece relative to the contact piece in the insertion direction, wherein either:
(1) the engagement tab is cantilevered from the spring base; or
(2) the contact latch extends from the contact base away from the terminal axis, and the spring latch is an opening in the engagement tab.

US Pat. No. 10,193,257

CONNECTION TERMINAL

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A connection terminal comprising:a terminal main body that is made of a conductive material and has a female connector provided with a columnar internal space into which a male connector of a counter male terminal is inserted and a wire connector to which a conducting part of a wire is electrically connected; and
a contact member that is made of a conductive material, is accommodated into the internal space along a part in a circumferential direction of an inner circumferential face of the female connector and is electrically connected to the female connector, and is electrically connected to the male connector inserted into the internal space from an opening serving as a male terminal insertion port of the female connector,
wherein the contact member is formed along the part in the circumferential direction of the inner circumferential face of the female connector and includes at least one first locked part and at least one second locked part adjacent to each other and being extended at an edge of the contact member, and
the female connector includes a first locking part that is arranged at an edge thereof and on a side of the female connector in an insertion direction of the male connector into the internal space relative and adjacent to the first locked part of the contact member after completion of being accommodated into the internal space and that locks movement of the first locked part to the side in the insertion direction in order to maintain an accommodated state of the contact member in the internal space, and a second locking part that is arranged at an edge and on a side of the female connector in a removal direction of the male connector opposite to the insertion direction relative and adjacent to the second locked part of the contact member after the completion of being accommodated and that locks movement of the second locked part to the side in the removal direction in order to maintain the accommodated state of the contact member in the internal space.

US Pat. No. 10,193,255

PLUG CONNECTOR AND CONNECTOR SET

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A plug connector to be fitted in an opening of a receptacle connector,the plug connector comprising:
a plug housing having a lower exterior surface; and
a plurality of plug terminals stored in the plug housing,
the receptacle connector having a receptacle terminal,
the plug connector being connected to a cable having a sheet shape and including a cable terminal, so that electrical connection is established between the receptacle terminal and the cable terminal, wherein
each of the plug terminals has a contact section and a connection section, the connection section extending toward the lower exterior surface of the plug housing,
the contact section is contactable with the receptacle terminal,
the connection section is connectable to the cable terminal,
the connection section is disposed such that the connection section is exposed from the plug housing in a state in which the plug connector is fitted in the receptacle connector,
the plug housing has a recessed section provided on the lower exterior surface of the plug housing,
the recessed section is configured to store a coupling region of the cable on which the cable terminal is formed, and
when the plug connector is inserted into the opening of the receptacle connector, the coupling region of the cable is sandwiched between the recessed section of the plug connector and an inner surface of the receptacle connector defining the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,193,254

CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY AND CONNECTOR

Tyco Electronics Japan G....

1. A connector assembly comprising:a first connector having a housing, and a plurality of separate lock springs, wherein each lock spring is formed of a single wire of material with a circular cross section and has a pair of arms extending parallel to a planar side of the housing with one of the lock springs arranged at one end portion of the housing and another of the lock springs arranged at another end portion of the housing, and
a plurality of reinforcement fittings, each reinforcement fitting covering one of the lock springs and including a cutout to expose a portion of the arms; and
a second connector having a catch to engage the lock spring by flexing the pair of arms toward each other.

US Pat. No. 10,193,251

NEXT GENERATION FORM FACTOR (NGFF) CARRIER

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A Next Generation Form Factor (NGFF) carrier comprising:a frame comprising a flat component perpendicularly connected to two flat side components that each comprise a higher portion raised higher than a lower portion in relation to the flat component, the frame being to receive an NGFF module between the two flat side components;
the bar rotatably connected to the higher portions of the two flat side components such that the bar is rotatable between a first position in which it is located on a first side of the higher portions and a second position in which it is located on a second side of the higher portions, wherein the NGFF module is insertable in the frame when the bar is rotated to the first position and wherein the bar rests against the lower portions of the two flat side components in the first position and the second position; and
a number of holes along an interior of the flat component to receive a fastener that is to secure the NGFF module in the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,193,248

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RETAINING MEMORY MODULES

Crystal Group, Inc., Hia...

1. A system for reducing inadvertent disconnection of memory modules during operation in harsh environments comprising:a plurality of disconnection protected systems arranged in a parallel array; wherein each of said plurality of disconnection protected systems comprises:
a DIMM connector 120;
a DIMM memory module 110, having a memory module top edge 108;
a retention clip 200 having:
a retention clip central portion 208, having a retention clip first end 202 and retention clip second end 204;
a retention clip first angled portion 212 and retention clip second angled portion 214 disposed on opposing ends of said retention clip central portion 208;
a retention clip first latch engaging end 222 and a retention clip second latch engaging end 224 disposed on said retention clip first angled portion 212 and retention clip second angled portion 214, respectively;
said retention clip central portion 208 having a retention clip central portion top side 209 and a retention clip central portion bottom side 207, which has a retention clip bottom side top edge receiving groove 203 disposed therein, which is configured to receive therein said memory module top edge 108;
a plurality of retention clip first face bumper spacers 206;
a plurality of retention clip second face bumper spacers 205;
a retention clip first latch engaging tab 232 disposed on an interior side of said retention clip first latch engaging end 222;
a retention clip second latch engaging tab 234 disposed on an interior side said retention clip second latch engaging end 224 facing said retention clip first latch engaging tab 232; and
wherein said array is spatially configured such that each retention clip 200 in said plurality of disconnection protected systems has at least one of said plurality of retention clip first face bumper spacers 206 and said plurality of retention clip second face bumper spacers 205 thereon in contact with one of said plurality of retention clip first face bumper spacers 206 and said plurality of retention clip second face bumper spacers 205 of another retention clip 200 of said plurality of disconnection protection systems.

US Pat. No. 10,193,243

HIGH VOLTAGE POWER CABLE JOINT DEVICE AND A POWER CABLE COMPRISING THE SAME

NKT HV Cables GmbH, Bade...

1. A high voltage power cable joint device comprising:an elongated conductive connector having a first end face and a second end face opposite to the first end face,
a field controlling body having a first semiconducting layer arranged circumferentially around the entire connector, and extending beyond the first end face and the second end face,
wherein the first end face is provided with a first bore section and the second end face is provided with a second bore section, which first bore section and second bore section extend parallel with and are arranged offset from the central axis of the connector,
wherein in a cross-section the connector has an outer surface which has a first outer surface portion that defines the curved portion of a first 120 degree elliptical sector centred at the centre of the first bore section, and which surrounds a perimeter portion of the first bore section, on which perimeter portion each point is radially, with respect to the centre of the first bore section, closer to the curved portion than any perimeter point of the first bore section outside the first 120 degree elliptical sector is to the outer surface,
and wherein in a cross-section of the connector, the outer surface has a second outer surface portion that defines the curved portion of a second 120 degree elliptical sector centred at the centre of the second bore section, and which surrounds a perimeter portion of the second bore section, on which perimeter portion each point is radially, with respect to the centre of the second bore section, closer to the curved portion than any perimeter point of the second bore section outside the second 120 degree elliptical sector is to the outer surface,
wherein a straight first through-opening extends from the first outer surface portion to the first bore section,
wherein a straight second through-opening is axially displaced from the first through-opening and extends from the second outer surface portion to the second bore section,
a first fastener arranged to be received by the first through-opening and arranged to extend into the first bore section, and
a second fastener arranged to be received by the second through-opening and arranged to extend into the second bore section.

US Pat. No. 10,193,240

PARTITIONED PHASED ARRAY FED REFLECTOR ANTENNA SYSTEM

VIASAT, INC., Carlsbad, ...

1. A phased array fed reflector antenna comprising:a reflector;
an array of antenna elements arranged relative to the reflector; and
a plurality of beam forming networks coupled to the array of antenna elements, the plurality of beam forming networks including:
a first beam forming network coupled to only a first partition of antenna elements in the array of antenna elements, wherein the first partition includes a first subset of antenna elements that are exclusive to the first partition, and further includes a second subset of antenna elements that are non-exclusive to the first partition, the first beam forming network having a first port for a first beam signal that is communicated only between the first beam forming network and the first partition and having a first beam weight circuit to generate a first spot beam associated with the first beam signal using the first partition of antenna elements, wherein the first subset of antenna elements that is exclusive to the first partition has more antennas elements than in the second subset of antenna elements that is non-exclusive to the first partition; and
a second beam forming network coupled to only a second partition of antenna elements in the array of antenna elements, wherein the second partition includes a third subset of antenna elements that are exclusive to the second partition, and further includes the second subset of antenna elements, the second beam forming network having a second port for a second beam signal, different from the first beam signal, that is communicated only between the second beam forming network and the second partition and having a second beam weight circuit to generate a second spot beam associated with the second beam signal using the second partition of antenna elements, wherein the third subset of antenna elements that is exclusive to the second partition has more antennas elements than in the second subset of antenna elements.

US Pat. No. 10,193,239

SINGLE BAND DUAL CONCURRENT NETWORK DEVICE

Aerohive Networks, Inc., ...

1. A network device comprising:a first single band dual concurrent radio module configured to transmit and receive first radio signals in a first frequency band;
a first antenna array comprised of a first plurality of polarized antennas and configured to transmit and receive the first radio signals for the first radio module in the first frequency band;
a second single band dual concurrent radio module configured to transmit and receive second radio signals in the first frequency band concurrently with the first single band dual concurrent radio module;
a second antenna array comprised of a second plurality of polarized antennas and configured to transmit and receive the second radio signals for the second radio module in the first frequency band;
an antenna plate, wherein the first plurality of polarized antennas and the second plurality of polarized antennas are mounted to the antenna plate at positions at least 5 mm away from edges of the antenna plate;
wherein, in operation, the first single band dual concurrent radio module and the second single band dual concurrent radio module function concurrently using the first frequency band while at least 40 dB of antenna isolation is maintained between the first antenna array and the second antenna array.

US Pat. No. 10,193,234

METHOD FOR UPGRADING A SATELLITE ANTENNA ASSEMBLY AND AN ASSOCIATED UPGRADABLE SATELLITE ANTENNA ASSEMBLY

SPEEDCAST INTERNATIONAL L...

1. A method for upgrading a dual-band antenna assembly to a tri-band antenna assembly, the dual-band antenna assembly comprising a main reflector, and first and second antenna feeds arranged in a coaxial relationship with each other and directed toward the main reflector, with the first and second antenna feeds for first and second frequency bands, respectively, the method comprising:positioning a third antenna feed through a medial opening in a center of the main reflector, with the third antenna feed directed towards the first and second antenna feeds arranged in a coaxial relationship with each other and directed toward the main reflector, and with the third antenna feed for a third frequency band; and
positioning a subreflector between the main reflector and the first and second antenna feeds, the subreflector comprising a frequency selective surface (FSS) material that is reflective for the third frequency band and transmissive for both the first and second frequency bands.

US Pat. No. 10,193,226

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

OUTSTANDING TECHNOLOGY CO...

1. A wireless communication apparatus comprising:a wireless communication device configured to be capable of executing wireless communication using radio waves;
an optical space communication device configured to be capable of executing optical space communication using spatial light; and
a communication control unit that causes secure communication with another wireless communication apparatus to be executed in a data link layer by performing parallel control on the wireless communication device and the optical space communication device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,221

REFLECTOR ANTENNA AND REFLECTOR ANTENNA FEED

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A reflector antenna feed comprising:a transmit antenna array, wherein the transmit antenna array comprises a plurality of transmit antenna units including a first transmit antenna unit;
a receive antenna array, wherein the receive antenna array comprises a plurality of receive antenna units including a first receive antenna unit, wherein the first receive antenna unit is adjacent to the first transmit antenna unit, and wherein a phase center of the transmit antenna array coincides with a phase center of the receive antenna array; and
a first coupling unit disposed between the first transmit antenna unit and the first receive antenna unit, wherein the first coupling unit is configured to reduce interference caused by the transmit antenna array to the receive antenna array,
wherein the first transmit antenna unit is a square waveguide, a circular waveguide, a rectangular waveguide, or a horn antenna based on a square waveguide, a circular waveguide, or a rectangular waveguide,
wherein the first receive antenna unit is a square waveguide, a circular waveguide, a rectangular waveguide, or a horn antenna based on a square waveguide, a circular waveguide, or a rectangular waveguide; and
wherein a hole having a metal inner wall is disposed on an adjacent surface between the first transmit antenna unit and the first receive antenna unit, wherein an inner conductor is disposed in a center of the hole having the metal inner wall, wherein a dielectric is disposed between the inner conductor and the hole having a metal inner wall, wherein the inner conductor separately extends into the first transmit antenna unit and the first receive antenna unit,
wherein the hole having the metal inner wall, the inner conductor, and the dielectric form the first coupling unit, and
wherein the hole is configured to couple a signal transmitted by the first transmit antenna unit into the first receive antenna unit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,220

ANTENNA ARRAY

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An antenna array, comprising:a first antenna;
a second antenna; and
a dielectric substance, of which a height is determined based on a distance between the first and second antennas and beam widths of main lobes of the first and second antennas,
wherein when the distance between the first and second antennas is smaller than two times the beam widths of the main lobes of the first and second antennas, the height of the dielectric substance is determined by lengths from distal ends of the first and second antennas to a point defining the beam width.

US Pat. No. 10,193,217

ANATOMICALLY COMPLIANT ANTENNA FOR IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE

NeuroPace, Inc., Mountai...

1. An implantable medical device configured to be implanted in a patient, comprising:a housing configured for placement in a hole formed in a cranium of the patient; and
an antenna positioned relative to the housing such that: 1) a side edge of the antenna is adjacent to and extends substantially parallel to and along an edge of the housing, and 2) upon placement of the housing in the hole, the antenna is positioned outside of the hole, adjacent a surface of the cranium,
wherein the antenna is configured so that at implant of the implantable medical device in the patient, the antenna is capable of being bent to conform to an anatomical contour of the patient and, upon being bent, is capable of retaining a bent shape.

US Pat. No. 10,193,210

TERMINAL DEVICE HAVING HYBRID ANTENNA INTEGRATING WITH CAPACITIVE PROXIMITY SENSORS

TAIWAN ANJIE ELECTRONICS ...

1. A terminal device having a hybrid antenna integrating with capacitive proximity sensors, the terminal device comprising:a ground portion;
a radiator having a feeding portion, a low-frequency radiating path, and a high-frequency radiating branch, the low-frequency radiating path having a first coupling portion, the feeding portion being disposed between the first coupling portion and the ground portion, the high-frequency radiating branch functioning as a second coupling portion;
a first capacitor electrode having a first shorting portion and a first electrode portion, the first shorting portion being connected to the ground portion, wherein the first electrode portion is coupled to the first coupling portion of the low-frequency radiating path to generate a first coupling resonant mode; and
a second capacitor electrode having a second shorting portion and a second electrode portion, the second shorting portion being connected to the ground portion, wherein the second electrode portion is coupled to the high-frequency radiating branch to generate a second coupling resonant mode;
wherein the first capacitor electrode and the second capacitor electrode are disposed on opposing sides of the radiator, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,193,205

DIELECTRIC RESONATOR, DIELECTRIC FILTER USING DIELECTRIC RESONATOR, TRANSCEIVER, AND BASE STATION

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A dielectric resonator, comprising:a body made of a solid-state dielectric material, wherein an indentation is disposed at a first surface of the body opposite a second surface of the body, wherein the indentation is associated with a resonant frequency of the dielectric resonator, and wherein the body has one or more joint faces disposed between the first surface and the second surface, wherein a portion of a joint face of the one or more joint faces forms a portion of a spacing, wherein the spacing is a curved indentation in a side of the body extending from the first surface to the second surface; and
a conducting layer covering the first surface of the body and extending contiguously to cover a portion of a surface of the indentation and the one or more joint faces, wherein a coverage area, by the conducting layer, of the surface of the indentation is associated with the resonant frequency of the dielectric resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,198

CELL MANAGEMENT DEVICE AND POWER SUPPLY DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A battery management device comprising:an SOC estimation unit for estimating a State of Charge (SOC) of a lithium ion secondary battery;
a storage unit for retaining reference data for determining whether lithium is deposited in the lithium ion secondary battery; and
a lithium deposition determination unit for comparing a differential coefficient of a battery voltage with respect to an estimated SOC by the SOC estimation unit, with a differential coefficient of a battery voltage with respect to a reference SOC read from the storage unit, and for determining that lithium is deposited in the lithium ion secondary battery when a difference is observed between the differential coefficients.

US Pat. No. 10,193,196

INTERNAL BATTERY CELL COOLING WITH HEAT PIPE

MAINSTREAM ENGINEERDING C...

1. A battery cooling system, comprising at least one battery cell within a case, and a two-phase flow device having evaporator portion located centrally within and electrically isolated from the at least one battery cell, wherein the at least one battery cell wraps completely around an entire perimeter of the evaporator portion.

US Pat. No. 10,193,194

BATTERY ASSEMBLY CONTROLLER WHICH MONITORS VOLTAGES OF SECONDARY BATTERIES

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A battery assembly controller controlling terminal voltages of a plurality of series-connected secondary batteries to be equal, the controller comprising:a discharge circuit selectively reducing the terminal voltages of the secondary batteries; and
a monitoring circuit directly connected to positive and negative electrodes of the secondary batteries to monitor the terminal voltages of the secondary batteries, wherein
the discharge circuit includes:
a plurality of switches, each being connected to positive and negative electrodes of associated one of the secondary batteries, and
a control circuit controlling not to turn on odd-numbered and even-numbered switches simultaneously, where the switches are sequentially numbered as 1, 2, 3, . . . , from a high-potential side,
each of the switches is a MOS transistor, and
the discharge circuit further includes:
a plurality of resistors, each being connected between a gate and a source of one of the MOS transistors,
a plurality of current supplies, and
a plurality of other switches, each being connected between the gate of one of the MOS transistors and associated one of the current supplies.

US Pat. No. 10,193,178

REDOX FLOW BATTERY FRAME BODY, REDOX FLOW BATTERY, AND CELL STACK

Sumitomo Electric Inductr...

1. A frame body for a redox flow battery comprising a window,wherein the expressions A>C, B>D, and (B/A)?0.2 are satisfied, where A represents the length of a long side of a rectangle that envelops the window, B represents the width of a horizontal frame of the frame body corresponding to the long side, C represents the length of a short side of the rectangle, and D represents the width of a vertical frame of the frame body corresponding to the short side,
wherein the expression (D/C)?0.2 is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 10,193,176

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCTION OF ULTRA-PURE HYDROGEN FROM BIOMASS

The Research Foundation f...

1. An ultra-pure hydrogen synthesis system which comprises:a gasifier;
an oils and tars filtration system;
a steam generator;
a water gas shift reactor containing a catalyst, comprising oxides of copper, zinc and aluminum, that facilitates one or more chemical reactions between carbon monoxide and water in a temperature range of approximately 200° C. to approximately 250° C.;
a heat-exchange two-phase water condenser and separator;
a liquid-based, bubbling scrubber wherein a liquid contained within the scrubber includes
a methanol suspension of copper (I) chloride particles;
a hydrogen separator;
one or more fluid conduits, wherein the one or more fluid conduits connect to and establish fluid communication between each of the gasifier, the oils and tars filtration system, the steam generator, the water gas shift reactor, the scrubber, and the hydrogen separator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,164

FLOW FIELDS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

Hydrogenics Corporation, ...

1. A set of flow field plates for an electrochemical cell comprising,a first flow field plate having a flow field wherein 50% or more of the area of the flow field of the first flow field plate is defined by a plurality of elongate ridges, and
a second flow field plate having a flow field wherein 50% or more of the area of the flow field of the second flow filed plate is defined by a plurality of discontinuous lines of short ridges, wherein the short ridges are less than 10 times as long as an average gap between successive elongate ridges, the gap measured perpendicular to the elongate ridges.

US Pat. No. 10,193,158

ELECTROLYTIC COPPER FOIL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME

KCF TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD...

1. An electrolytic copper foil for a lithium secondary battery, which is applied as a negative electrode current collector of a lithium secondary battery,wherein the electrolytic copper foil for a lithium secondary battery has yield strength of 30 kgf/mm2 to 60 kgf/mm2, a surface area ratio of 1 to 3, and a weight deviation of 3% or below.