US Pat. No. 10,170,831

SYSTEMS, METHODS AND DEVICES FOR MECHANICALLY PRODUCING PATTERNS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY

Elwha LLC, Bellevue, WA ...

12. A beam forming system, comprising:an electromagnetic feed providing radiofrequency energy;
a first layer comprising:
a backplane region configured to receive the radiofrequency energy from the electromagnetic feed; and
a movable electromagnetically responsive element configured to interact with the radiofrequency energy within the backplane region to form a first spatial distribution of amplitudes of radiofrequency energy,
wherein the movable electromagnetically responsive element is configured to operate in a plurality of selectable states that result in a corresponding spatial distribution of amplitudes of radiofrequency energy from a set of spatial distributions of amplitudes of radiofrequency energy based at least in part on a selected state;
a second layer comprising:
an emitting structure comprising a set of free space radiators and having a first spatially dependent amplitude transmission, the emitting structure configured to couple the first spatial distribution of amplitudes of radiofrequency energy from the backplane region to the set free space radiators through the emitting structure by coupling the radiofrequency energy in the backplane structure to the emitting structure over at least one surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,830

DISPLAY DEVICE, PROJECTOR, AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A display device comprising:a communication unit which wirelessly receives image data from an external device; and
a display unit which displays an image based on the image data received by the communication unit;
wherein the communication unit includes
a first communication unit which has a first array antenna, the first communication unit receives wireless radio waves of a first frequency in a millimeter wave band via the first array antenna, and
a second communication unit which has a second array antenna, the second communication unit receives wireless radio waves of a second frequency in a millimeter wave band that is different from the first frequency via the second array antenna, and
a plane including the second array antenna is tilted at an angle of 10 degrees or more and 30 degrees or less to a plane including the first array antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,170,829

SELF-COMPLEMENTARY MULTILAYER ARRAY ANTENNA

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A multilayer antenna array comprising:a radiating structure formed from an array of radiating elements forming self-complementary patterns, each radiating element including:
a plurality of electrical supply points distributed around a perimeter of the respective radiating element; and
four particular points distributed around the perimeter of the respective radiating element between consecutive electrical supply points of the plurality of electrical supply points;
a ground plane;
a dielectric layer that separates said radiating structure from said ground plane; and
an array of metallized vias passing through said dielectric layer between the radiating structure and the ground plane, each via being positioned facing a respective one of the four particular points of each radiating element.

US Pat. No. 10,170,828

ADJUSTABLE-TILT HOUSING WITH FLATTENED DOME SHAPE, ARRAY ANTENNA, AND BRACKET MOUNT

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A radio and antenna device for providing wireless broadband access, the device comprising:a disc-shaped housing having a flattened, dome-shaped front region and a back region having an integrated bracket mount, wherein the integrated bracket mount comprises a slotted channel;
a bubble level integrated onto the housing;
a plurality of antenna emitters held within the housing and arranged as an array antenna; and
a bracket configured to support the device, the bracket further configured to engage with the integrated bracket mount, where the bracket and integrated bracket mount may be adjusted to form a plurality of selectable positions securing the housing at different tilt angles relative to the bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,170,827

HOUSING STRUCTURE HAVING CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE ANTENNA AND CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE ANTENNA THEREOF

TENNVAC INC., New Taipei...

1. A housing structure having conductive adhesive antenna, comprising:a housing having a first unit and a second unit, both of which are integrated with each other to form a bonding portion; and
an electrically conductive adhesive bonded to the bonding portion, so that the electrically conductive adhesive and the bonding portion form a sealed structure and the electrically conductive adhesive has at least one electrical connection end for electrically connecting with a wireless module, thereby the electrically conductive adhesive is formed as an antenna structure.

US Pat. No. 10,170,826

TFT SUBSTRATE, SCANNING ANTENNA USING SAME, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING TFT SUBSTRATE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A TFT substrate comprising a dielectric substrate and a plurality of antenna element regions arranged on the dielectric substrate, the TFT substrate comprising a transmitting/receiving region including the plurality of antenna element regions therein, and a non-transmitting/receiving region located outside of the transmitting/receiving region,each of the plurality of antenna element regions comprising:
a thin film transistor supported on the dielectric substrate, the thin film transistor including a gate electrode, a semiconductor layer, a gate insulating layer located between the gate electrode and the semiconductor layer, and a source electrode and a drain electrode electrically connected to the semiconductor layer;
a first insulating layer covering the thin film transistor and having a first opening which exposes the drain electrode of the thin film transistor; and
a patch electrode formed on the first insulating layer and in the first opening, and electrically connected to the drain electrode of the thin film transistor,
wherein the patch electrode includes a metal layer, and a thickness of the metal layer is greater than a thickness of the source electrode and the drain electrode of the thin film transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,825

ANTENNA DEVICE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An antenna device comprising:a film antenna;
a cable which is connected to a feed section of the film antenna; and
a support, around which at least part of the film antenna is wound,
the support including a holding section for holding the cable,
wherein:
the support has
a first supporting surface,
a second supporting surface intersecting the first supporting surface, and
a third supporting surface facing the first supporting surface and intersecting the second supporting surface;
the film antenna is wound around the support so as to be in contact with the first supporting surface, the second supporting surface, and the third supporting surface; and
the holding section includes a first holding part for holding the cable so that part of the cable extends in a direction along the first supporting surface and the second supporting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,824

LTE MIMO ANTENNA SYSTEM FOR AUTOMOTIVE CARBON FIBER ROOFTOPS

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. An antenna system for a vehicle, comprising:a first metallic support coupled to a non-metallic roof of a vehicle; and
a first antenna and a second antenna coupled to the first metallic support, wherein a polarization of the first antenna is perpendicular to a polarization of the second antenna, wherein the first metallic support forms a ground plane for the first and second antennas, and wherein each respective antenna of the first and second antennas comprises:
a feed configured to couple an electromagnetic signal between the respective antenna and radio hardware,
a radiating portion configured to radiate the electromagnetic signal, and
a plurality of spacers configured to provide an impedance match for the respective antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,170,823

EMBEDDED ANTENNA DEVICE FOR GNSS APPLICATIONS

Topcon Positioning System...

1. An antenna assembly comprising:a metal cavity having a generally circular shape;
a stacked patch GNSS antenna located in the metal cavity; and
a conductive parasitic element shaped as a ring and located on top of the metal cavity,
the parasitic element including conductors that are not directly connected to the antenna, the conductors shaped as a plurality of teeth projecting radially inward from the ring,
wherein the stacked patch antenna includes a radiating low-frequency patch and a radiating high-frequency patch, the high-frequency patch being above the low-frequency patch.

US Pat. No. 10,170,822

COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A LOAD IMPEDANCE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A communication device comprising:a signal path for supplying a signal;
two directional couplers arranged within the signal path, wherein each directional coupler is coupled to an adjustable impedance defining a characteristic impedance of each directional coupler;
a controller configured to set, for each of a plurality of impedances, the adjustable impedances of the directional couplers to an impedance;
a return loss measurement circuit configured to determine, for each of the plurality of impedances, a return loss of the signal path when the adjustable impedances of the directional couplers are set to the impedance;
a load impedance determination circuit configured to determine a load impedance of the signal path based on the determined return losses.

US Pat. No. 10,170,821

SELF-CONFIGURING COMMUNICATION NODE ARRANGEMENT

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A communication node arrangement comprising:at least two antenna units, where each antenna unit comprises at least one signal port and at least one antenna element, each signal port being at least indirectly connected to at least one corresponding antenna element,
wherein each antenna unit comprises at least one sensor unit arranged to sense its orientation relative a predetermined reference extension;
at least one control unit arranged to feed a respective test signal into each of at least two different signal ports,
wherein for each such test signal, the communication node arrangement is arranged to receive the test signal via at least one other signal port, and the communication node arrangement is arranged to determine relative positions of said antenna units based on the received test signals, and to determine relative orientations of said antenna units based on data received from the sensor units, and
wherein said control unit is arranged to control at least one ventilation arrangement in dependence of said determined relative positions and said determined relative orientations.

US Pat. No. 10,170,820

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION CIRCUIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC., T...

1. A wireless communication circuit, used for an electronic device, comprising:a wireless transceiver unit configured to generate a transmitting signal;
an impedance matching unit electrically coupled to the wireless transceiver unit, wherein the impedance matching unit includes at least one impedance, the impedance matching unit is configured to convert the transmitting signal to a feeding signal according to an impedance value of the impedance;
a coupling unit disposed on a first surface of the electronic device and electrically coupled to the impedance matching unit, configured to radiate energy of the feeding signal; and
a system grounding surface configured to receive energy of the feeding signal and transmit a first electromagnetic wave signal via resonance.

US Pat. No. 10,170,819

RFID ANTENNA STRUCTURE

AAC ACOUSTIC TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A RFID antenna structure, including:a metal back cover;
a circuit board located below the metal back cover, the circuit board including a base plate and a ground plate overlaid on the base plate;
a RFID chip mounted on the base plate;
match circuits connected electrically with the RFID chip and located on the base plate;
an antenna coil connected electrically with the match circuits and located between the circuit board and the metal back cover; wherein
the metal back cover includes a top cover and a middle cover separated from the top cover by a slit, the antenna coil is located at least partly inside an area of the top cover, and the antenna coil is connected inductively with the top cover and/or the middle cover.

US Pat. No. 10,170,818

PLATFORM ASSEMBLIES FOR RADIO TRANSMISSION TOWERS

Kenwood Telecom Corporati...

1. A platform assembly comprising:first, second, and third platform structures, each platform structure respectively including a radial beam and a grating supported by the radial beam, the radial beam constructed to connect to and extend substantially horizontally away in a radial direction from a vertical support structure and to support a weight of a human, each platform structure respectively defining at least four mounting locations arranged in three intersecting vertical mounting planes, including a first front mounting location spaced apart from a second front mounting location defined in substantially co-planar relationship in a front vertical mounting plane of the three intersecting vertical mounting planes, at least one first side mounting location substantially defined in a first side vertical mounting plane of the three intersecting vertical mounting planes, and at least one second side mounting location substantially defined in a second side vertical mounting plane of the three intersecting vertical mounting planes, wherein the front vertical mounting plane is perpendicular to the radial direction of the radial beam and is located radially outward from the entire radial beam, wherein the first front mounting location and the second front mounting location are spaced apart at a sufficient distance to provide for proper antenna function when antennas are mounted adjacent the first front mounting location and second front mounting location, and
wherein the first, second, and third platform structures are connected together such that the respective front vertical mounting planes, the respective first side vertical mounting planes, and the respective second side vertical mounting planes of the first, second, and third platform structures are substantially hexagonally arranged whereby the first side vertical mounting plane of each of the first, second, and third platform structures is substantially coplanar with an adjacent second side vertical mounting plane of a directly adjacent platform structure of the first, second, and third platform structures.

US Pat. No. 10,170,817

SUPERCONDUCTING AIRBRIDGE CROSSOVER USING SUPERCONDUCTING SACRIFICIAL MATERIAL

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a superconducting airbridge on a structure, the method comprising:forming a first ground plane, a resonator, and a second ground plane on a substrate;
forming a first lift-off pattern of a first lift-off resist and a first photoresist, the first photoresist being deposited on the first lift-off resist;
depositing a superconducting sacrificial layer while using the first lift-off pattern;
removing the first lift-off pattern;
forming a cross-over lift-off pattern of a second lift-off resist and a second photoresist, the second photoresist being deposited on the second lift-off resist;
depositing a cross-over superconducting material to be formed as the superconducting airbridge while using the cross-over lift-off pattern;
removing the cross-over lift-off pattern; and
forming the superconducting airbridge connecting the first ground plane and the second ground plane by removing the superconducting sacrificial layer underneath the cross-over superconducting material, wherein the superconducting airbridge crosses over the resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,170,816

HIGH FREQUENCY FILTER HAVING A COAXIAL STRUCTURE

Kathrein SE, Rosenheim (...

19. A high-frequency RF filter comprising:an outer conductor housing comprising a housing base and a housing or side wall defining cavities, the outer conductor housing providing therein first, second and third resonators each comprising an inner conductor electrically coupled with the housing base and disposed in an associated one of the cavities defined by the housing or side wall,
at least one coupler opening disposed between the first and second resonators and between the second and third resonators, the at least one coupler opening coupling the first and second resonators with one another and coupling the second and third resonators with one another,
an adjustment or sliding device for adjusting bandwidth, the adjustment or sliding device comprising a common adjuster to which at least first and second plate-shaped or tile-shaped coupling elements are attached, the level of the first and second coupling elements running at least approximately parallel to the at least one coupler opening, the coupling elements located next to a housing or side wall or a housing wall section in the cavity or a boundary surface of a partition between the first and third resonators,
the common adjuster and thus the coupling elements being configured to be adjustable between first and second settings through adjustment of the adjustment or sliding device to thereby slide the coupling elements into and out of the at least one coupler opening and thereby adjust electromagnetic coupling between the first and second resonators and between the second and third resonators, wherein in the first setting the coupling elements are at least partially slid out of the at least one coupler opening.

US Pat. No. 10,170,815

FILTER AND METHOD OF DESIGNING SAME

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A filter comprising:a first resonator and a second resonator coupled to each other directly or via one or more other resonators;
a first strip-shaped conductor which is provided on a dielectric layer provided on a surface of a first wide wall of the first resonator;
a first conductor pin which is (i) electrically connected to a first end of the first strip-shaped conductor and (ii) inserted into the first resonator;
a second strip-shaped conductor which is provided on a dielectric layer provided on a surface of a first wide wall of the second resonator; and
a second conductor pin which is (i) electrically connected to a first end of the second strip-shaped conductor and (ii) inserted into the second resonator, wherein
(1) a partition wall having an opening is provided between the first resonator and the second resonator, and the first resonator and the second resonator are coupled to each other via the opening; or
(2) a first partition wall having a first opening is provided between the first resonator and the one or more other resonators and the first resonator and the one or more other resonators are coupled to each other via the first opening, and a second partition wall having a second opening is provided between the second resonator and the one or more other resonators and the second resonator and the one or more other resonators are coupled to each other via the second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,170,814

FOUR-MODE DEFECTED GROUND STRUCTURE FILTER

QINGDAO HAIER ELECTRONICS...

1. A four-mode defected ground structure filter, comprising a four-mode defected ground structure resonator and two microstrip feed lines, wherein the four-mode defected ground structure resonator comprises a metal dielectric substrate and a defected ground unit which is etched in one surface of the metal dielectric substrate, and the microstrip feed lines are arranged at another surface of the metal dielectric substrate, whereinthe defected ground unit has a shape that is axially symmetric about a first central axis of the defected ground unit, and is axially symmetric about a second central axis of the defected ground unit, and the first central axis and the second central axis are mutually perpendicular; the defected ground unit comprises a first defected ground unit and four second defected ground units, wherein the first defected ground unit is H-shaped or quasi H-shaped, each of the second defected ground units is L-shaped, quasi L-shaped, U-shaped or quasi U-shaped, one end of each of the four second defected ground units is connected to four ends of the first defected ground unit respectively, each of the second defected ground units extends from the first defected ground unit to the first central axis and bends to a center of the defected ground unit, openings of the four second defected ground units are each L-shaped, quasi L-shaped, U-shaped or quasi U-shaped, the openings all face towards a periphery of the defected ground unit, and, there is a space provided between two of the second defected ground units which are located at a same side of the first central axis or a same side of the second central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,170,813

ION CONDUCTING HYBRID MEMBRANES

International Business Ma...

1. A method, comprising:dispensing ion-conducting particles on a substrate comprising an adhesive to which the ion-conducting particles adhere, wherein the ion-conducting particles conduct ions chosen from Li, Na, and combinations thereof;
overcoating the ion conducting particles with a polymer;
removing the substrate and the adhesive from the ion conducting particles; and
removing a polymer overburden on the ion conducting particles to form a device that includes: (i) the polymer or a derivative thereof, and (ii) ion-conducting particles, wherein at least a portion of the ion-conducting particles extend through the polymer or its derivative.

US Pat. No. 10,170,812

ASSEMBLY MODULE COMPRISING ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS RECEIVED BY LUGS AND CONNECTING CLIPS

1. An electrochemical assembly module of an energy storage system, comprising:an assembly of a plurality of elementary electrochemical cells with a gas electrode, the assembly comprising:
a plurality of lugs associated respectively with the plurality of elementary electrochemical cells, the lugs being connected together by a connecting holder and receiving terminals of the elementary electrochemical cells so that the terminals are all electrically connected together by the connecting holder,
a plurality of elements forming connecting clips each receiving at least two terminals of at least two elementary electrochemical cells so that the at least two terminals are electrically connected to each other by the element forming a connecting clip that is associated therewith,
wherein the elementary electrochemical cells are cells with a double gas electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,811

THERMOELECTRIC-BASED THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF ELECTRICAL DEVICES

GENTHERM INCORPORATED, N...

21. A thermal management system configured to manage temperature of an electrical device, the system comprising:a thermoelectric device configured to transfer thermal energy between a main surface and a waste surface via electric power applied to the thermoelectric device, wherein the main surface of the thermoelectric device is in thermal communication with of an electrical conductor of an electrical device, the electrical conductor configured to deliver electric power to or from the electrical device;
a plurality of sensors configured to provide inputs corresponding to a thermal gradient of the electrical device; and
a controller programmed to:
receive the inputs from the plurality of sensors to monitor the thermal gradient of the electrical device;
adjust electric power delivered to the thermoelectric device based on the thermal gradient such that thermal energy transferred to or away from the electrical device reduces or eliminates the thermal gradient of the electrical device;
monitor electric current directed in or out of the electrical device; and
adjust electric power delivered to the thermoelectric device to reduce or eliminate the thermal gradient of the electrical device created during operation of the electrical device at least in part based on the electric current directed in or out of the electrical device.

US Pat. No. 10,170,810

THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE BASE MEMBER AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING THE THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE BASE MEMBER

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A thermally conductive base member, comprising:a first metal base member having a first bottom plate, first and second female coupling portions defining first and second grooves, respectively, therein, and first and second rib portions; the first and second female coupling portions being coupled to first and second ends, respectively, of the first bottom plate; the first and second rib portions of the first metal base member extending from a top surface of the first bottom plate and being spaced apart from one another and being disposed between the first and second female coupling portions;
a second metal base member having a second bottom plate, a first male coupling portion, and first and second rib portions; the first male coupling portion being coupled to the second bottom plate proximate to a first end of the second bottom plate; the first and second rib portions of the second metal base member extending from a top surface of the second bottom plate and being spaced apart from one another; the first male coupling portion of the second metal base member being disposed in and coupled to the first groove of the first female coupling portion of the first metal base member;
a top plate being coupled to a top surface of the first female coupling portion, a top surface of the second female coupling portion, and the first and second rib portions of the first metal base member such that a first flow channel is defined between the first and second rib portions of the first metal base member and the top plate; a first weld joint extending through the top plate, the first female coupling portion of the first metal base member, and the first male coupling portion of the second metal base member;
the top plate being coupled to the first and second rib portions of the second metal base member such that a second flow channel is defined between the first and second rib portions of the second metal base member and the top plate;
a first inlet port member having a first tube being coupled to a top surface of the top plate that fluidly communicates with the first and second flow channels; and
a first outlet port member having a second tube being coupled to the top surface of the top plate that fluidly communicates with the first and second flow channels.

US Pat. No. 10,170,809

ENERGY STORAGE ENCLOSURE

VOLVO CAR CORPORATION, (...

1. An energy storage module comprising:an energy storage enclosure made from a foam material and including three wall members that form a U-shape, each wall member extending in a longitudinal direction;
first and second side plates positioned at opposite ends of the energy storage enclosure, wherein the side plates are not made of a foam material;
a storage unit arranged in the energy storage enclosure such that the storage unit is in contact with the energy storage enclosure, the storage unit comprising an energy storage cell arranged adjacent to and stacked with a cooling plate in the longitudinal direction, the cooling plate being in thermal contact with the energy storage cell and comprising channels running through the cooling plate for providing cooling to the energy storage cell; and
means for compressing the energy storage enclosure arranged to apply a force on the energy storage enclosure and the storage unit in the longitudinal direction, wherein the means for compressing is cooperable with the side plates to apply the force;
wherein the energy storage enclosure is resilient in the longitudinal direction, such that when a force is applied in the longitudinal direction on the energy storage enclosure and the storage unit by the means for compressing, the energy storage enclosure is compressed, and a contact pressure between the cooling plate and the energy storage cell is limited by the energy storage enclosure, and wherein, when the side plates are not positioned at the opposite ends of the energy storage enclosure, the opposite ends of the energy storage enclosure are open.

US Pat. No. 10,170,807

SECONDARY BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A secondary battery cooling system, comprising:a secondary battery mounted on a vehicle;
a temperature sensor configured to detect a temperature of the secondary battery mounted on a vehicle;
a cooling mechanism configured to cool the secondary battery; and
a control unit configured to stop driving of the cooling mechanism,
wherein the control unit performs,
in response to an ignition switch mounted on the vehicle being turned off, estimating a heat value of the secondary battery after the ignition switch is turned off,
calculating a temperature increase of the secondary battery after the ignition switch is turned off based on the estimated heat value of the secondary battery,
determining that cooling of the secondary battery is necessary after the ignition switch is turned off, under a condition where a temperature, which is obtained by adding the calculated temperature increase to a temperature of the secondary battery detected by the temperature sensor at a time that the ignition switch is turned off, exceeds an upper limit temperature which does not cause deterioration of the secondary battery, and
delaying from the time that the ignition switch is turned off, a start time of driving of the cooling mechanism to cool the secondary battery while the ignition switch of the vehicle is turned off in response to both of the following conditions (1)-(2): (1) the temperature of the secondary battery detected by the temperature sensor at the time that the ignition switch is turned off being lower than the upper limit temperature which does not cause deterioration of the secondary battery, and (2) the estimated heat value of the secondary battery that exceeds a predetermined value in the determination.

US Pat. No. 10,170,806

BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A battery cooling system comprising:a housing in which an inlet duct from which air is introduced and an outlet duct through which the air is discharged are mounted;
a first battery mounted in the housing and disposed between the inlet duct and the outlet duct; and
a second battery disposed between the first battery and the inlet duct,
wherein a cooling channel exchanging heat with the first battery and the second battery by the air moving between the inlet duct and the outlet duct is formed in the housing, and
wherein the housing includes brackets exchanging heat of a portion of the air introduced through the inlet duct with the second battery and then regulating a direction of the cooling channel to move a portion of the air to the first battery.

US Pat. No. 10,170,805

ELECTRICITY STORAGE MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An electricity storage module comprising:a power storage element group obtained by stacking a plurality of power storage elements each having a lead terminal that protrudes from a side edge; and
holding members that are attached to the side edges at which the lead terminals are provided and that hold the power storage elements,
the holding members being provided with a fuse mounting portion for mounting a fuse that is to be electrically connected to the lead terminal, and
the holding members contacting either a top surface or a bottom surface of the lead terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,170,804

MONITORING DEVICE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, AND VEHICLE

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. A monitoring device for a secondary battery, the monitoring device comprising:a controller configured to:
detect whether a use state of the secondary battery is in a first use state or a second use state;
set a first protection condition for the secondary battery, when the controller detects that the secondary battery is in the first use state;
set a second protection condition for the secondary battery, when the controller detects that the secondary battery is in the second use state;
notify, in a case that the first protection condition is set for the secondary battery, a vehicle electronic control unit (ECU) that a condition for interrupting is established, if a voltage or a state of chare (SOC) of the secondary battery reaches a first upper limit value or reaches a first lower limit value, and after a prescribed time, send an interruption command to a current interruption device for interrupting energization of the secondary battery; and
send, in a case that the second protection condition is set for the secondary battery, an interruption command to the current interruption device for interrupting the energization of the secondary battery, if the voltage or the SOC of the secondary battery reaches a second upper limit value or reaches a second lower limit value,
wherein the fit upper limit value is lower than the second upper limit value,
wherein the first lower limit value is higher than the second lower limit value,
wherein the first use state relates to a case where the secondary battery is used in a vehicle during a running or during a running preparation, and
wherein the second use state relates to a case where the secondary battery is used in the vehicle other than the first use state.

US Pat. No. 10,170,803

CONTROLLER FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY THAT SETS AND MODIFIES A LOWER LIMIT STATE OF CHARGE, AND VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A controller for a lithium ion secondary battery, the controller comprisingan electronic control unit configured to:
detect a state of charge (SOC) of a lithium ion secondary battery that is a controlled object;
set an upper limit SOC and lower limit SOC of a range of use of the lithium ion secondary battery based on the SOC of the lithium ion secondary battery;
record a charge history and discharge history of the lithium ion secondary battery;
determine whether the lithium ion secondary battery is in an excessive charging state or an excessive discharging state based on the charge history and the discharge history; and
raise the lower limit SOC when the lithium ion secondary battery is in the excessive charging state,
wherein the excessive charging state indicates a state in which charge of the lithium ion secondary battery occurs faster than discharge of the lithium ion secondary battery.

US Pat. No. 10,170,802

BATTERY PACK HAVING PCM CASE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack configured to have a structure comprising:a plate-shaped battery cell having a battery case and electrode terminals formed at one side thereof, the battery case comprising a sealed surplus part, and the battery cell having a protection circuit module (PCM) mounted at the sealed surplus part, wherein
each of the electrode terminals of the battery cell is made of a plate-shaped conductive member,
the PCM comprises a protection circuit board (PCB), a safety element electrically connected between one of the electrode terminals formed at one side of the battery cell and the PCB or loaded on the PCB, an external input and output terminal electrically connected to a protection circuit of the PCB, and an electrically insulative module case in which the PCB and the safety element are mounted in a state in which the external input and output terminal extends outside,
the module case has a first open end and a second open end to define a tunnel structure, the first open end and the second open end being opposite each other,
the module case is provided at an interior thereof with a PCB receiving part,
the PCM is loaded on the sealed surplus part of the battery cell in a state in which the PCM is received in the module case such that the PCM is electrically connected to the electrode terminals of the battery cell, and
the first open end and the second open end communicate with each other in a straight line, and the first open end or the second open end is oriented toward the electrode assembly of the battery cell in a state in which the module case is loaded on the sealed surplus part of the battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,170,801

SECONDARY BATTERY OF NOVEL STRUCTURE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A secondary battery pack comprising:a battery cell having an electrode assembly of a cathode/separator/anode structure disposed in a battery case together with an electrolyte in a sealed state, the battery cell having an electrolyte injection port, a first electrode terminal and a second electrode terminal formed at a top thereof;
an electrically insulative mounting member having a first opening, through which the second electrode terminal of the battery cell is exposed and a second opening through which the electrolyte injection port is exposed, the electrically insulative mounting member being mounted to a top of the battery cell;
a protection circuit module (PCM) comprising a protection circuit board (PCB) loaded on the electrically insulative mounting member, the PCB having a protection circuit, and a connection member (A) and a connection member (B) coupled to a bottom of the PCB, the connection member (A) being connected to the first electrode terminal of the battery cell via a safety element, the connection member (B) being coupled to the second electrode terminal of the battery cell, the PCB being provided with a through hole, through which the connection member (B) is exposed; and
an insulative cap coupled to an upper end of the battery cell to surround the electrically insulative mounting member in a state in which the connection members and the protection circuit board are loaded on the insulative cap,
wherein a sum of a height of the PCM and a height of the insulative cap is 3.0 mm or less,
wherein a receiving sidewall protrudes upwardly front opposite sides of the electrically insulative mounting member and fastening protrusions are vertically formed in two pairs at upper edges of the receiving sidewall, the protrusions of each pair being formed across from each other on the opposite sides of the electrically insulative mounting member, the protrusions engaging notches in the PCM such that the PCM assembly is stably mounted to the electrically insulative mounting member, and wherein a bottom edge of the receiving sidewall has a notch, the notch being aligned with the second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,170,800

ANODE, LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING SAME, BATTERY MODULE COMPRISING THE LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ANODE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An anode comprising:a current collector;
a lithium metal layer provided on the current collector;
a lithium-silicon composite layer provided on the lithium metal layer; and
a silicon layer or silicon oxide layer provided on the lithium-silicon composite layer
wherein the silicon layer or silicon oxide layer comprises 5-20 parts by weight binder resin based on 100 parts by weight silicon and silicon oxide in the silicon layer or silicon oxide layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,799

MULTI-ELEMENT LIQUID METAL BATTERY

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An electrochemical cell configured to exchange energy with an external device, the electrochemical cell comprising:a negative electrode comprising at least a first active metal and a second active metal;
a positive electrode comprising a metal or alloy; and
a molten salt electrolyte comprising a first cation of the first active metal and a second cation of the second active metal, the electrolyte defining first and second interfaces, the positive electrode being in contact with the electrolyte at the first interface and the negative electrode being in contact with the electrolyte at the second interface, the electrolyte configured to allow the cations of the first and second active metals to be transferred from the negative electrode to the positive electrode during discharging and to be transferred from the positive electrode to the negative electrode during charging,
wherein
the electrolyte exists as a liquid phase and the negative electrode and the positive electrode exist as liquid or partially liquid phases at operating temperatures of the electrochemical cell,
the first active metal is calcium, and
the second active metal is an alkali metal or an alkaline earth metal.

US Pat. No. 10,170,798

MODERATE TEMPERATURE SODIUM BATTERY

FIELD UPGRADING USA, INC....

1. A cell comprising:a negative electrode compartment housing a negative electrode material, wherein the negative electrode material comprises at least one of a liquid sodium metal and a liquid lithium metal that is oxidized during discharge of the cell;
a positive electrode compartment;
a polar solvent within the positive electrode compartment;
a liquid positive electrode active material within the positive electrode compartment that is reduced during discharge of the cell, wherein the liquid positive electrode active material has a specific gravity greater than the polar solvent such that an interface exists between the liquid positive electrode active material and the polar solvent, wherein the liquid positive electrode active material comprises at least one of elemental sulfur and iodine;
an ion-conductive membrane comprising at least one of NaSICON and LiSICON separator separating the negative electrode compartment from the positive electrode compartment; and
a positive electrode current collector configured to provide electrical contact to the interface between the liquid positive electrode active material and the polar solvent, wherein the interface between the liquid positive electrode active material and the polar solvent moves with respect to the positive electrode current collector as the cell charges or discharges;
wherein the cell is a galvanic cell.

US Pat. No. 10,170,797

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising:a flat wound electrode assembly, formed from a strip-shaped positive electrode and a strip-shaped negative electrode being arranged with a separator interposed therebetween, wound in such a manner that the assembly has an oval cross-sectional shape perpendicular to a winding axis;
a nonaqueous electrolyte, containing an electrically insulating inorganic aggregate, formed of an impregnating electrolyte that is impregnated into the flat wound electrode assembly and a surplus electrolyte that is not impregnated into the flat wound electrode assembly; and
a battery case, housing the flat wound electrode assembly and the nonaqueous electrolyte, comprising a prismatic case body having an opening therein for inserting the flat wound electrode assembly and a sealing member for sealing the opening in the case body,
wherein,
when the battery case is placed on a horizontal surface so that the sealing member becomes the top side of the battery case, the flat wound electrode assembly is housed within the battery case in such a manner that a major axis of the oval is vertically oriented, and
letting the flat wound electrode assembly be divided into a planar region where the electrode faces are planar, an upper wound curved region which is positioned vertically upward from the planar region and where the electrode faces are curved, and a lower wound curved region which is positioned vertically downward from the planar region and where the electrode faces are curved, and letting a space between the battery case and the flat wound electrode assembly be divided by a boundary plane B that includes a boundary between the planar region and the lower wound curved region,
an amount MO of the inorganic aggregate included in a space which is outside of the flat wound electrode assembly and below the boundary plane B and an amount MI of the inorganic aggregate included in the impregnating electrolyte within the flat wound electrode assembly satisfy the relationship MO>MI.

US Pat. No. 10,170,795

ELECTROLYTE FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY CYCLING OF SODIUM METAL AND RECHARGEABLE SODIUM-BASED BATTERIES COMPRISING THE ELECTROLYTE

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A rechargeable battery, comprising:a nonaqueous electrolyte comprising
sodium bis(fluorosulfonylimide) (NaN(SO2F)2, NaFSI) or a sodium salt mixture comprising at least 20 mol % NaFSI based on total sodium salt content, and
a nonaqueous solvent comprising an ether, the electrolyte having a solvent-sodium salt mole ratio <4:1;
the nonaqueous solvent is 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME), diglyme, triglyme, tetraglyme, diethyl ether, 1,3-dioxolane, 1,4-dioxane, tetrahydrofuran, 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran, or a mixture thereof;
an anode current collector in the absence of anode, or an anode comprising Na metal or a sodium intercalation material or a sodium conversion compound; and
a nonaqueous cathode comprising a sodium intercalation compound or a sodium conversion compound, an oxygen cathode, or a sulfur cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,794

ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY, ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY, AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., G...

1. An electrolyte additive for a lithium battery, the electrolyte additive comprising a sulfone compound wherein the sulfonyl group is directly bonded to a halide and an electron withdrawing group; and wherein the sulfone compound is selected from the group consisting of:

US Pat. No. 10,170,793

ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION, SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, ELECTRIC VEHICLE, ELECTRIC POWER STORAGE SYSTEM, ELECTRIC POWER TOOL, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A secondary battery comprising:a cathode;
an anode; and
an electrolytic solution including a cyano compound, the cyano compound including a compound represented by a following Formula (1),

where R3 is one of a saturated hydrocarbon group, an unsaturated hydrocarbon group, an oxygen-containing saturated hydrocarbon group, halogenated groups of the foregoing groups, and groups each obtained by bonding two or more of the foregoing groups to one another; R4 is one of a cyano-group-containing group, halogenated groups thereof, and groups each obtained by bonding two or more of the foregoing groups to one another; a cyano group in the cyano-group-containing group is bonded to an oxygen atom at a terminal of a —C(?O)—O— bond with one or more carbon atoms in between; (D) when the R3 includes an unsaturated carbon bond, number of the cyano group in the R4 is one or larger; (E) when the R3 does not include the unsaturated carbon bond and the R4 includes the unsaturated carbon bond, the number of the cyano group in the R4 is one or larger; and (F) when the R3 does not include the unsaturated carbon bond and the R4 does not include the unsaturated carbon bond, the number of the cyano group in the R4 is two or larger,
wherein the compound represented by the Formula (1) is one or more of compounds represented by following Formula (1-1) to Formula (1-2).

US Pat. No. 10,170,792

POLYALKOXYSILOXANE CATHOLYTES FOR HIGH VOLTAGE LITHIUM BATTERIES

Seeo, Inc., Hayward, CA ...

1. A polymer composition, comprising:an ordered nanostructure comprising a matrix of:
first domains formed by an association of first polymers; and
second domains formed by an association of second polymers;
wherein the first polymers and the second polymers form block copolymers, wherein the first polymers form first blocks and the second polymers form second blocks; and
wherein the first blocks comprise one or more polyalkoxysiloxane polymers comprising:

wherein R is selected from the group consisting of alkanes, cyclic alkanes, alkenes, cyclic alkenes, aromatics, and substituted aromatics;
R1 is selected from the group consisting of —CN, —SO3?M+, —PO4?M+, CO2?M+, —N(R)3+X?, linear carbonates, linear phosphonates, linear phosphates, sulfonates, and cyclic carbamates;
X? is selected from the group consisting of TFSI, BF4?, PF6?, BOB?, FAP?, BETI?, and TCB?;
M+ is an alkali or alkaline metal ion; and
v ranges from 1 to 100; and
wherein the second blocks comprise polystyrene.

US Pat. No. 10,170,791

HIGH-VOLTAGE LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A lithium secondary battery comprising:a cathode;
an anode;
a separator, wherein the separator is a porous polymer film or a porous nonwoven fabric; and
a gel polymer electrolyte,
wherein the gel polymer electrolyte comprises an acrylate-based polymer,
wherein the cathode comprises a cathode active material consisting of any one selected from the group consisting of compounds of Chemical Formulas 1, 3, LiFePO4 and a mixture of two or more thereof:
Li[LixNiaCobMnc]O2  
(where 0 Li1+aCoxM1?xAX4  
(where M is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Al, magnesium (Mg), Ni, Co, manganese (Mn), Ti, gallium (Ga), copper (Cu), vanadium (V), niobium (Nb), Zr, cerium (Ce), indium (In), zinc (Zn), and yttrium (Y), X is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of oxygen (O), fluorine (F), and nitrogen (N), A is P, S, or a mixed element thereof, 0?a?0.2, and 0.5?x?1),
wherein the gel polymer electrolyte is formed by in-situ polymerization in the lithium secondary battery of a composition consisting of an electrolyte solution solvent, an ionizable lithium salt, a polymerization initiator, and a monomer selected from the group consisting of ditrimethylolpropane tetraacrylate, dipentaerythritol pentaacrylate, dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate, and a mixture of two or more thereof, wherein the electrolyte solution solvent is linear carbonate, cyclic carbonate, or a combination thereof, and
wherein the anode comprises an anode active material comprising a carbon material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,790

SODIUM ION SOLID-STATE CONDUCTORS WITH SODIUM OXOFERRATE STRUCTURE

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a solid-state ion conductor represented by the general formula NaFe3/4X1/4, wherein X is selected from the group consisting of Fe(IV), Si, Sn, Ti, Zr, V, P, and S.

US Pat. No. 10,170,789

METHOD OF PRODUCING A SHAPE-CONFORMABLE ALKALI METAL BATTERY HAVING A CONDUCTIVE AND DEFORMABLE QUASI-SOLID POLYMER ELECTRODE

Nanotek Instruments, Inc....

1. A method of preparing an alkali metal cell having a quasi-solid electrode, the method comprising:(a) combining a quantity of an active material, a quantity of an electrolyte, and a conductive additive to form a deformable and electrically conductive electrode material, wherein said conductive additive, containing conductive filaments, forms a 3D network of electron-conducting pathways and said electrolyte contains an alkali salt and an ion-conducting polymer dissolved or dispersed in a solvent;
(b) forming the electrode material into a quasi-solid electrode, wherein said forming includes deforming the electrode material into an electrode shape without interrupting said 3D network of electron-conducting pathways such that the electrode maintains an electrical conductivity no less than 10?6 S/cm;
(c) forming a second electrode; and
(d) forming an alkali metal cell by combining the quasi-solid electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,788

VARIABLE LAYER THICKNESS IN CURVED BATTERY CELL

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A battery, comprising:an anode arranged on an anode substrate, the anode substrate being curved with a first arc length;
a cathode arranged on a cathode substrate, the cathode substrate being curved with a second arc length; and
a separator between the anode and the cathode,
wherein the first arc length differs from the second arc length to define tapered edges of the battery, and
wherein a thickness of the anode differs from a thickness of the cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,787

SEPARATOR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A separator comprising:a flat plate-shaped first plate member;
a flat plate-shaped second plate member joined with the first plate member, wherein the separator is positioned between an anode electrode and a cathode electrode;
an oxidation gas flow channel wall, which is provided on a first surface of the first plate member and forms a flow channel of oxidation gas;
a fuel gas flow channel wall, which is provided on a second surface of the second plate member and forms a flow channel of fuel gas;
a cooling medium flow channel wall, which is provided on at least one of a second surface that is a surface on a side opposite to the first surface of the first plate member and faces the second plate member, and a first surface that is a surface on a side opposite to the second surface of the second plate member and faces the first plate member, corresponds to at least one of the oxidation gas flow channel wall and the fuel gas flow channel wall, and forms a flow channel of a cooling medium;
a first through hole, which is formed at a position different from the cooling medium flow channel wall and penetrates the first plate member and the second plate member;
a second through hole, which is formed at a position different from the cooling medium flow channel wall and from the first through hole and penetrates the first plate member and the second plate member;
a first cooling medium passage part, which is formed by separating a part of the second surface of the first plate member and a part of the first surface of the second plate member from each other and establishes communication between the first through hole and one end of the cooling medium flow channel wall;
a second cooling medium passage part, which is formed by separating a part of the second surface of the first plate member and a part of the first surface of the second plate member from each other and establishes communication between the second through hole and the other end of the cooling medium flow channel wall;
one projection, which is formed on at least one of the first cooling medium passage part and the second cooling medium passage part, is projected from the second surface of the first plate member toward the first surface of the second plate member, and is separated from the cooling medium flow channel wall;
another projection, which is formed at a position corresponding to the one projection on at least one of the first cooling medium passage part and the second cooling medium passage part, is projected form the first surface of the second plate member to the second surface of the first plate member, is separated from the cooling medium flow channel wall, and comes into contact with the one projection in a state where the first plate member and the second plate member are joined with each other; and
a plurality of spaces formed by the one projection and the other projection, forming at least one of the first cooling medium passage part and the second cooling medium passage part.

US Pat. No. 10,170,786

MODULAR PLANAR INTERCONNECT DEVICE FOR A SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL AND THE SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL CONTAINING THE SAME

National Taipei Universit...

1. A modular planar interconnect device for being sandwiched between a pair of planar cell units, each of which includes an anode web, a cathode web, and a planar cell body sandwiched between the anode and cathode webs, the modular planar interconnect device comprising:a planar interconnect body including
an upper major surface including
a right marginal region,
a left marginal region disposed opposite to said right marginal region in a longitudinal direction,
an upper main region disposed between said right and left marginal regions for underlying the cathode web of an upper one of the planar cell units,
a first inlet region for an oxygen-containing fluid, said first inlet region being disposed between said right marginal region and said upper main region and being formed with a first inlet depression area that is recessed from said upper major surface downwardly and inwardly so as to form front and rear boundary wall surfaces that are spaced apart from each other in a transverse direction,
a first outlet region for the oxygen-containing fluid, said first outlet region being disposed between said left marginal region and said upper main region and being formed with a first outlet depression area that is recessed from said upper major surface downwardly and inwardly so as to form front and rear boundary wall surfaces that are spaced apart from each other in the transverse direction, and
a plurality of grooved channels which are formed in said upper main region of said upper major surface, and which extend through said first inlet region to terminate at a plurality of first inlet ports and further through said first outlet region to terminate at a plurality of first outlet ports,
and
a lower major surface including
a front marginal region,
a rear marginal region disposed opposite to said front marginal region in the transverse direction,
a lower main region disposed between said front and rear marginal regions for overlying the anode web of a lower one of the planar cell units,
a second inlet region for a fuel fluid, said second inlet region being disposed between said front marginal region and said lower main region and being formed with a second inlet depression area that is recessed from said lower major surface upwardly and inwardly so as to form right and left boundary wall surfaces that are spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction,
a second outlet region for the fuel fluid, said second outlet region being disposed between said rear marginal region and said lower main region and being formed with a second outlet depression area that is recessed from said lower major surface upwardly and inwardly so as to form right and left boundary wall surfaces that are spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction, and
a plurality of grooved channels which are formed in said lower main region of said lower major surface, and which extend through said second inlet region to terminate at a plurality of second inlet ports and further through said second outlet region to terminate at a plurality of second outlet ports,
wherein said right marginal region has a first introducing slot extending from said upper major surface to said lower major surface so as to fluidly communicate with said first inlet ports, and
wherein said left marginal region has a first exit slot extending from said upper major surface to said lower major surface so as to fluidly communicate with said first outlet ports,
said planar interconnect body further including:
a right lateral surface joining said upper major surface and said lower major surface, and including a right lateral slot which extends leftwardly and inwardly so as to fluidly communicate with said first introducing slot, and which extends in the transverse direction to terminate at a first front end surface and a first rear end surface, and
a left lateral surface joining said upper major surface and said lower major surface, and including a left lateral slot which extends rightwardly and inwardly so as to fluidly communicate with said first exit slot, and which extends in the transverse direction to terminate at a second front end surface and a second rear end surface;
a pair of upper shielding plates configured to be respectively fitted between said front and rear boundary wall surfaces of said first inlet region and between said front and rear boundary wall surfaces of said first outlet region; and
a pair of lower shielding plates configured to be respectively fitted between said right and left boundary wall surfaces of said second inlet region and between said right and left boundary wall surfaces of said second outlet region.

US Pat. No. 10,170,785

APPARATUS FOR ASSEMBLING FUEL CELL STACK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for assembling a fuel cell stack, which exerts a force on fuel cell components stacked on a stacking guide, and couples a pressed stacked body formed of the pressed fuel cell components by a fastening member, the apparatus comprising:a lift plate disposed at a bottom side of the stacking guide to be movable in a vertical direction;
a press body disposed on a press frame to translate in the vertical direction, and exert a force on the fuel cell components stacked on the lift plate; and
a plurality of fixing rods positioned on the press body and configured to be coupled to the lift plate to allow the pressed stacked body between the lift plate and the press body to be movable together with the lift plate and the press body in the vertical direction,
wherein the press body includes a rotary member coupled to upper end portions of the fixing rods to be rotatable by a drive unit, and
wherein a stopper cylinder configured to restrict the rotary member is installed on the press body.

US Pat. No. 10,170,783

MANUFACTURE OF A FUEL CELL WITH LIQUID ELECTROLYTE MIGRATION PREVENTION

DOOSAN FUEL CELL AMERICA,...

1. A method of manufacturing a stack of liquid electrolyte fuel cells having a barrier configured to prevent migration of the liquid electrolyte between the fuel cells, the method comprising:securing the barrier configured to prevent migration of the liquid electrolyte between the fuel cells to a land region of a separator plate assembly of at least one of the fuel cells, wherein the land region extends from an edge of the separator plate assembly toward an adjacent flow channel defined within the separator plate assembly;
securing the barrier adjacent the land region so that a first portion of the barrier extends across at least a portion of the land region and a second portion of the barrier extends outwardly and away from the edge of the separator plate assembly, wherein the first portion of the barrier directly contacts the electrode; and
securing the separator plate assembly adjacent an electrode of the at least one of the fuel cells so that the flow channel is adjacent the electrode and the second portion of the barrier extends outwardly and beyond an edge of the electrode that is aligned with the edge of the separator plate assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,170,781

SHUTDOWN AND STORAGE METHOD FOR FUEL CELL SYSTEM AT BELOW FREEZING TEMPERATURES

Daimler AG, Stuttgart (D...

1. A keep-warm method for shutting down and storing a fuel cell system at below freezing temperatures, the fuel cell system prior to shutting down comprising a fuel cell stack that is producing power and an energy supply for heating the fuel cell stack, the method comprising:stopping power production from the fuel cell stack;
monitoring the amount of energy remaining in the energy supply, wherein the energy supply is selected from the amount of fuel available for producing power in the fuel cell stack and the amount of electricity in a battery for operating an electric heater;
monitoring the temperature of the fuel cell stack;
specifying an amount of energy necessary to perform a final warming operation;
performing, when the temperature of the fuel cell stack drops to a normal threshold temperature, an initial warming operation to keep the fuel cell system above the normal threshold temperature, said warming operation selected from the group consisting of producing power from said fuel cell stack and heating the fuel cell stack with said electric heater;
subsequently performing, each time the fuel cell system temperature drops to the normal threshold temperature, a predetermined warming operation to keep the fuel cell system above the normal threshold temperature, so long as the amount of energy remaining exceeds a minimum amount, said minimum amount being that amount adequate to perform a final warming operation;
and
in the event the stack temperature falls to the normal threshold temperature and the amount of energy remaining is less than or equal to the minimum amount, performing a final warming operation;
wherein the final warming operation differs from the predetermined warming operation.

US Pat. No. 10,170,780

FURNACE WITH AN INTEGRATED FLAME ASSISTED FUEL CELL FOR COMBINED HEATING AND POWER

SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY, Syr...

1. A fuel fired furnace system comprising:a plurality of in-shot burners;
a plurality of flues;
a blower; and
an integrated flame-assisted fuel cell (FFC) module comprising an anode-supported flame-assisted fuel cell positioned in between and connected to a first mixing chamber and a second mixing chamber, wherein the anode-supported flame-assisted fuel cell comprises a cathode disposed on an anode,
wherein the first mixing chamber is connected to each of the plurality of in-shot burners on a front side of the first mixing chamber and connected to the anode-supported flame assisted fuel cell on a back side of the first mixing chamber,
wherein the second mixing chamber is connected to the anode-supported flame assisted fuel cell on a front side of the second mixing chamber and has a plurality of openings on a back side of the second mixing chamber that each feed one of the plurality of flues,
wherein the plurality of in-shot burners are configured to fire a fuel-rich flame into the first mixing chamber and supply the anode of the anode-supported flame assisted fuel cell with an un-used portion of fuel via the first mixing chamber,
wherein the un-used portion of fuel includes: unburned, un-oxidized residual fuel and partially-oxidized residual fuel;
wherein the FFC module is not sealed in a combustor such that it is open to ambient air,
wherein the cathode is configured and located to receive an oxidant from the ambient air,
wherein the plurality of flues are configured to receive the un-used portion of fuel from the second mixing chamber and receive the oxidant from an area outside of the second mixing chamber,
wherein the fuel fired furnace system is configured such that the un-used portion of fuel and oxidant react upon entering the plurality of flues thereby generating heat within the plurality of flues; and
wherein the blower is configured to blow air over the plurality of flues to facilitate heat exchange between the air and the plurality of flues.

US Pat. No. 10,170,779

HUMIDIFIER FOR FUEL CELL

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A humidifier for a fuel cell, the humidifier comprising:a membrane module which accommodates therein a humidifying membrane;
a first cap unit coupled to one side of the membrane module and supplying supply air to the membrane module;
a second cap unit coupled to another side of the membrane module and discharging humidified air introduced from the membrane module; and
a bypass tube provided in the second cap unit and bypassing condensate water introduced into the second cap unit to the membrane module,
wherein the bypass tube bypasses moisture, which is introduced into the second cap unit from the membrane module, to the membrane module by a pressure difference between the membrane module and the second cap unit.

US Pat. No. 10,170,778

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF FUEL CELL VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A thermal management system of a fuel cell vehicle, comprising:a cold start loop which heats a coolant that flows through a fuel cell during a cold start of the fuel cell;
a cooling loop which moves a coolant that cools the fuel cell, and
a variable directional control valve which changes a flow direction of the coolant in the cold start loop,wherein the cold start loop comprises:a pump which pumps a coolant that flows from the fuel cell;
a deionizer which filters ions of a coolant that flows from the pump; and
a heater which heats a coolant that flows from the deionizer, andwherein the variable directional control valve comprises:a first port which is connected to an inlet of the fuel cell;
a second port which is connected to an outlet of the fuel cell;
a third port which is connected to the heater;
a fourth port which is connected to the pump;
a first internal flow path which rotates to connect the first port and the third port or to connect the second port and the third port; and
a second internal flow path which rotates to connect the second port and the fourth port or to connect the first port and the fourth port.

US Pat. No. 10,170,777

COOLING WATER DIRECT INJECTION TYPE FUEL CELL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A cooling water direct injection type fuel cell, comprising:an air-side separator having an air channel through which air flows, and a cooling water inlet aperture formed on an introduction portion of the air channel; and
a hydrogen-side separator joined with the air-side separator and having a protrusion inserted into the cooling water inlet aperture, the protrusion having a diameter less than a diameter of the cooling water inlet aperture to form a gap between an outer circumferential surface of the protrusion and an inner circumferential surface of the cooling water inlet aperture,
wherein the cooling water is drawn into a space between adjacent surfaces of the air-side separator and the hydrogen-side separator and is discharged through the gap between the protrusion and the cooling water inlet aperture, and is mixed with introduced air, and is then drawn into the air channel.

US Pat. No. 10,170,776

FUEL CELL MODULE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel cell module comprising:a fuel cell stack including a plurality of fuel cells stacked in a vertical direction configured to generate electrical energy by electrochemical reactions of a fuel gas and an oxygen-containing gas;
a combustor provided at a lower end of the fuel cell stack, and configured to produce a combustion gas so as to heat the fuel cell stack;
a channel member connected to the combustor, extending upward along the stacking direction of the fuel cell stack, and facing a side surface of the fuel cell stack, the side surface being perpendicular to the stacking direction;
wherein the channel member includes a combustion gas channel configured to allow the combustion gas produced in the combustor to flow upward along the stacking direction of the fuel cell stack; and
a combustion gas ejection hole that is connected to the combustion gas channel, opens toward a direction perpendicular to the stacking direction of the fuel cell stack, and is configured to release, toward the side surface of the fuel cell stack, part of the combustion gas that touches the side surface of the fuel cell stack.

US Pat. No. 10,170,775

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A SOLDER GLASS GREEN SEAL

Forschungszentrum Juelich...

1. A method for producing a glass solder green seal, comprising:applying a paste comprising solvents, binding agents, plasticizers, and a glass solder powder to a surface of a screen, wherein the glass solder paste has a solids content of 60% to 95% wt/wt, and wherein the screen on a bottom side and in a screen mesh comprises regions having a coating impermeable to the paste, and the paste is pushed through the screen onto a substrate and subsequently dried, and
printing onto an intermediate carrier serving as the substrate, the intermediate carrier comprising a foil or film adapted to include a non-stick coating onto which the paste is received and from which the dried glass solder green seal can be completely detached from the non-stick coating of the adapted foil or film.

US Pat. No. 10,170,774

FLOW-GUIDING PLATE FOR A FUEL CELL

1. A flow guiding plate for a fuel cell, comprising:a conducting sheet comprising a relief:
defining an alternation of flow channels on opposite first and second faces of the sheet, two successive flow channels of the first face being separated by walls delimiting a flow channel of the second face, the flow channels of the first and second faces extending along a same longitudinal direction;
defining first and second orifices for access respectively to the first and second ends of each of the flow channels of the second face and of a first group of flow channels of the first face, cross section of each of the flow channels between its first and second ends being greater than cross section of its first and second access orifices;
defining a flow restriction in each flow channel of a second group of flow channels of the first face such that a pressure drop across each flow channel of the second group of flow channels is greater than a pressure drop across each flow channel of the first group, a passage cross section at each of the flow restrictions being smaller than cross section of the orifices for access to the flow channels of the first group, the first face comprising an alternation of flow channels of the first group and of flow channels of the second group,
wherein each flow channel of the second group of flow channels includes a first wall at one end of the flow channel and a second wall at an opposite end of the flow channel, each of the first and second walls extending from a bottom of a deepest portion of the flow channel to a top of the deepest portion of the flow channel to form the flow restriction, and
wherein each flow channel of the first group of flow channels includes a first wall at one end of the flow channel and a second wall at an opposite end of the flow channel, each of the first and second walls of the second group of flow channels extending higher than each of the first and second walls of the first group of flow channels.

US Pat. No. 10,170,773

MODULAR PLANAR INTERCONNECT DEVICE FOR A SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL AND THE SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL CONTAINING THE SAME

National Taipei Universit...

1. A modular planar interconnect device for being sandwiched between a pair of planar cell units, each of which includes an anode web, a cathode web, and a planar cell body sandwiched between the anode and cathode webs, the modular planar interconnect device comprising:a planar interconnect body including
an upper major surface including
a right marginal region,
a left marginal region disposed opposite to said right marginal region in a longitudinal direction,
an upper main region disposed between said right and left marginal regions for underlying the cathode web of an upper one of the planar cell units,
a first inlet region for an oxygen-containing fluid, said first inlet region being disposed between said right marginal region and said upper main region and being formed with a first inlet depression area that is recessed from said upper major surface downwardly and inwardly so as to form front and rear boundary wall surfaces that are spaced apart from each other in a transverse direction,
a first outlet region for the oxygen-containing fluid, said first outlet region being disposed between said left marginal region and said upper main region and being formed with a first outlet depression area that is recessed from said upper major surface downwardly and inwardly so as to form front and rear boundary wall surfaces that are spaced apart from each other in the transverse direction, and
a plurality of grooved channels which are formed in said upper main region of said upper major surface, and which extend through said first inlet region to terminate at a plurality of first inlet ports and further through said first outlet region to terminate at a plurality of first outlet ports, and
a lower major surface including
a front marginal region,
a rear marginal region disposed opposite to said front marginal region in the transverse direction,
a lower main region disposed between said front and rear marginal regions for overlying the anode web of a lower one of the planar cell units,
a second inlet region for a fuel fluid, said second inlet region being disposed between said front marginal region and said lower main region and being formed with a second inlet depression area that is recessed from said lower major surface upwardly and inwardly so as to form right and left boundary wall surfaces that are spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction,
a second outlet region for the fuel fluid, said second outlet region being disposed between said rear marginal region and said lower main region and being formed with a second outlet depression area that is recessed from said lower major surface upwardly and inwardly so as to form right and left boundary wall surfaces that are spaced apart from each other in the longitudinal direction, and
a plurality of grooved channels which are formed in said lower main region of said lower major surface, and which extend through said second inlet region to terminate at a plurality of second inlet ports and further through said second outlet region to terminate at a plurality of second outlet ports;
a pair of upper shielding plates configured to be respectively fitted between said front and rear boundary wall surfaces of said first inlet region and between said front and rear boundary wall surfaces of said first outlet region; and
a pair of lower shielding plates configured to be respectively fitted between said right and left boundary wall surfaces of said second inlet region and between said right and left boundary wall surfaces of said second outlet region.

US Pat. No. 10,170,772

FLUID FLOW PLATE FOR A FUEL CELL

Intelligent Energy Limite...

1. A fluid flow plate for an electrochemical fuel cell assembly, comprising:a first plurality of fluid flow channels extending across an area of the flow plate to define a flow field of the fluid flow plate, the first plurality of fluid flow channels defining a cathode fluid flow field,
an array of first fluid transfer points disposed along an edge of the flow field for communicating fluid into or out of the first plurality of fluid flow channels;
a first distribution gallery having a first peripheral edge portion bounded by the array of first fluid transfer points and having at least two second peripheral edge portions each bounded by one of at least two arrays of second fluid transfer points disposed along at least two cathode fluid access edges of the fluid flow plate, the first distribution gallery configured for fluid communication and fluid distribution between the array of first fluid transfer points and the at least two arrays of second fluid transfer points,
the at least two second peripheral edge portions being disposed at oblique angles to the first peripheral edge portion such that the total length of the at least two arrays of second fluid transfer points is at least as long as the length of the array of first fluid transfer points;
wherein the at least two cathode fluid access edges comprise external edges of the flow plate;
a second plurality of fluid flow channels extending across the area that defines the flow field, the second plurality of fluid flow channels defining a coolant fluid flow field;
an array of third fluid transfer points disposed along an edge of the flow field for communicating fluid into or out of the second plurality of fluid flow channels;
a second distribution gallery having a third peripheral edge portion bounded by the array of third fluid transfer points and having at least two fourth peripheral edge portions each bounded by one of at least two arrays of fourth fluid transfer points disposed along at least two coolant fluid access edges of the fluid flow plate, the second distribution gallery configured for fluid communication and fluid distribution between the array of third fluid transfer points and the at least two arrays of fourth fluid transfer points,
the at least two fourth peripheral edge portions of the second distribution gallery being disposed at oblique angles to the third peripheral edge portion of the second distribution gallery such that the total length of the arrays of fourth fluid transfer points is at least as long as the length of the array of third fluid transfer points;
wherein the at least two coolant fluid access edges comprise internal edges of the flow plate.

US Pat. No. 10,170,771

SELECTIVE CATALYST, PARTICULARLY FOR ELECTROREDUCTION OF OXYGEN, AN ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEM CONTAINING THEREOF, AN PALLADIUM-INERT GAS ALLOY AND USE THEREOF, AND A CELL, PARTICULARLY A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL CONTAINING THEREOF

UNIWERSYTET WARSZAWSKI, ...

1. A catalyst, comprising a catalyst layer comprising metallic palladium implanted with inert gas ions to form a palladium-inert gas alloy, said alloy being stable under normal conditions, and having catalytic activity, wherein a value of the lattice constant of said alloy as determined by the X-ray diffraction method is higher than the lattice constant of pure palladium by at least 0.008×10?10 m.

US Pat. No. 10,170,770

N-DOPED POROUS CARBON ELECTROCATALYST AND PROCESS FOR PREPARATION THEREOF

1. A process for the preparation of an N-doped porous carbon electrocatalysts comprising carbon in the range of 90 to 93% and nitrogen in the range of 7 to 10%:a. pyrolysing of metal organic frameworks (MOF) to obtain mesoporous carbon (MOFC);
b. mixing and grinding the mesoporous carbon as obtained in step (a) and melamine to get a uniform mixture;
c. dispersing the uniform mixture of step (b) in alcohol in order to get a homogeneous mixture;
d. evaporating solvent by simultaneous heating and stirring the homogeneous mixture as obtained in step (c) till a solid material obtained;
e. heating the solid material as obtained in step (d) in a flow of argon atmosphere to obtain a composite;
f. pyrolysing the composite as obtained in step (e) under argon atmosphere to obtain N-doped porous carbon electrocatalyst;
wherein in step (b) the ratio of the mesoporous carbon and melamine ranges between 1:2 to 1:5.

US Pat. No. 10,170,769

METHOD OF HYDROPHOBIC TREATMENT OF A CARBON SUBSTRATE

1. A method of treating a carbon substrate, comprising the following successive steps of:impregnating the carbon substrate with an aqueous solution containing an amorphous fluorinated copolymer of tetrafluoroethylene and perfluoromethoxy dioxole; and
drying the impregnated carbon substrate at a pressure lower than the atmospheric pressure to obtain a treated carbon substrate impregnated with the fluorinated copolymer, wherein the method is free of sintering after drying.

US Pat. No. 10,170,768

GRID ASSEMBLY FOR A PLATE-SHAPED BATTERY ELECTRODE OF AN ELECTROCHEMICAL ACCUMULATOR BATTERY

1. A grid arrangement (101, 102) for a plate-shaped battery electrode (104, 105) of an electrochemical accumulator (100), having a frame (117, 118, 119, 120) and a grid (113) arranged thereon, wherein the frame (117, 118, 119, 120) comprises at least one upper frame element (120) having a connecting lug (103) of the battery electrode (104, 105) disposed on its side facing away from the grid (113), and wherein the grid (113) is at least formed by horizontal bars (21 to 25), which are bars extending substantially horizontally, and vertical bars (9 to 20), which are bars extending substantially vertically, wherein at least some of the vertical bars (9 to 20) are arranged at different angles to one another in the shape of a fan, characterized by at least features a), c) and d) or all of the following features a), b), c), and d):a) a straight line (G), which runs through the center of gravity of the grid arrangement (101, 102) and is a parallel to the central axis (M) of the vertical bar (14) having the shortest distance to the center of gravity (S) of the grid arrangement (101, 102), passes the connecting lug (103) at a distance (D) of less than 15%, in particular less than 10%, of the connecting lug width (B), or intersects the connecting lug (103),
b) a straight line (G) which runs through the center of gravity of the grid arrangement (101, 102) and is a parallel to the central axis (M) of the vertical bar (14) having the shortest distance to the center of, gravity (S) of the grid arrangement (101, 102), intersecting the upper frame element (120) at a point (1) which is less than 15%, particularly less than 10%, of the length (L) of the upper frame element (120) away from a vertical central axis (A) of the connecting lug (103),
c) the sum of all the angles of those vertical bars (9 to 20) which intersect both the upper as well as a lower frame element (120, 117) of the grid arrangement (101, 102), or at least would intersect in mathematical extension, is greater than 7°, wherein the angles are defined in terms of an axis (A) extending exactly vertically,
d) the sum of the angles of the outermost left and outermost right vertical bar (10, 20) intersecting both the upper as well as the lower frame element (120, 117) of the grid arrangement (101, 102), or at least would intersect in mathematical extension, is greater than 7°, wherein the angles are defined in terms of an axis (A) extending exactly vertically.

US Pat. No. 10,170,767

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage device, comprising:an electrode assembly including a positive electrode and a negative electrode that are stacked, the positive electrode and the negative electrode respectively including a non-coated region including a metal foil;
current collectors each including a support portion which is configured to overlap with the non-coated region; and
opposedly facing supports each configured to clamp the non-coated region cooperatively with the support portion,
wherein at least one of the non-coated region, the support portion, and an opposedly facing support of the opposedly facing supports includes a conductive layer covering at least one surface out of a surface of the non-coated region facing the support portion, a surface of the non-coated region facing the opposedly facing support, a surface of the support portion facing the non-coated region, and a surface of the opposedly facing support facing the non-coated region,
wherein at least one of the positive electrode and the negative electrode includes the non-coated region and a coated region formed adjacently to the non-coated region,
wherein the non-coated region includes a first conductive layer which forms the conductive layer,
wherein the coated-region includes:
a second metal foil continuously formed with a first metal foil which includes a metal foil of the non-coated region;
a second conductive layer being stacked on the second metal foil in a close contact state; and
an active material layer stacked on the second conductive layer such that the second conductive layer is sandwiched between the active material layer and the second metal foil,
wherein the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer are continuously formed with each other, and
wherein the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer include a carbonaceous material, a conductive resin, or a noble metal, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,170,766

CATHODE FOR LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A cathode for a lithium-sulfur battery, comprising:a cathode active part comprising a sulfur-carbon composite; and
a cathode coating layer provided on at least one portion of a surface of the cathode active part and consisting of an amphiphilic polymer comprising polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), said amphiphilic polymer including a hydrophilic portion and a hydrophobic portion,
wherein the cathode coating layer comprises pores and the pores have an average diameter of 1 nm to 10 ?m,
wherein the cathode coating layer has a porosity of 50 to 95% based on a total volume of the cathode coating layer, and
wherein the cathode coating layer has a thickness of 10 nm to 1 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,170,765

ELECTRONICALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMER BINDER FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERY ELECTRODE

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A polymeric composition with repeating units of the formula:
wherein: R1 is selected from the group consisting of: naphthalene, anthracene, pyrene, fluorene, fluorenone and oligophenylene, R2 is (OCH2CH2)mCH3 where m=0-1000, R3 is selected from the group consisting of: H, OH, alkyloxide, alkanol, ethyleneoxide, carbonate and trialkylamine, a+b+c=1 where 0

US Pat. No. 10,170,762

LITHIUM METAL OXIDES WITH MULTIPLE PHASES AND STABLE HIGH ENERGY ELECTROCHEMICAL CYCLING

Zenlabs Energy, Inc., Fr...

1. An electrochemically active material comprising a lithium metal oxide approximately represented by the formula Li1+bComNinMnpO(2), where ?0.2?b?0.2, 0.2?m?0.45, 0.055?n?0.24, 0.385?p?0.72, and m+n+p is approximately 1, wherein up to about 5 mole percent of the transition metals is substituted with a metal dopant, the active material exhibiting three peaks during an initial charge in a differential capacity plot and being a multiphased single material having a layered crystal phase and a spinel crystal phase.

US Pat. No. 10,170,761

ACTIVE MATERIAL, NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, BATTERY PACK AND BATTERY MODULE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An active material comprising active material primary particles of a monoclinic niobium-titanium composite oxide comprising at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mo, V, and W, wherein:a content of the at least one element in the monoclinic niobium-titanium composite oxide is within a range of 0.01 atm % or more and 2 atm % or less; and
each of the active material primary particles has an aspect ratio within a range of 1 or more and less than 4 and a crystallite size within a range of 5 nm or more and 90 nm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,170,759

METAL OXIDES FROM ACIDIC SOLUTIONS

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A method comprising:heating an acidic solution comprising a metal to yield a precursor in the form of a semi-liquid, semi-solid or solid; and
calcining the precursor to yield a product comprising an oxide of the metal,
wherein the acidic solution has a pH of 2 or less, and heating the acidic solution to yield the precursor results in a pH change of 2 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,170,758

PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF LITHIUM TITANIUM SPINEL AND ITS USE

Johnson Matthey Public Li...

1. A process for the preparation of phase-pure doped or non-doped lithium titanate Li4Ti5O12, comprising sintering a composite oxide at a temperature of ?780° C.,wherein the composite oxide comprises x wt.—parts Li2TiO3, y wt.—parts TiO2, z wt.—parts of Li2CO3 and/or lithium hydroxide, u wt.—parts of a carbon source and optionally v wt.—parts of a transition or main group metal compound and/or a sulfur containing compound,
wherein the Li2TiO3 is present in its cubic crystal structure,
wherein x is a number between 2 and 3, wherein y is a number between 3 and 4,
wherein z is a number between 0.001 and 1, u is a number between 0.05 and 1, and 0?v?0.1, and
wherein the metal of the transition or main group metal compound is selected from the group consisting of Al, Mg, Ga, Fe, Co, Sc, Y, Mn, Ni, Cr, V and mixtures thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,170,756

LI2S BATTERIES HAVING HIGH CAPACITY, HIGH LOADING, AND HIGH COULOMBIC EFFICIENCY

UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC, C...

1. A method of preparing graphene-wrapped Li2S nanoparticles, the method comprising:heating lithium metal and a carbon-sulfur source or lithium metal, a carbon source, and a sulfur source in a sealed container at a temperature to produce lithium vapors and vapors of the carbon-sulfur source, or lithium vapors, vapors of the carbon source, and vapors of the sulfur source; and
cooling the sealed container to produce the graphene-wrapped Li2S nanoparticles.

US Pat. No. 10,170,755

LITHIUM SULFUR CELL AND PREPARATION METHOD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of forming an electrochemical cell, comprising:forming a plurality of Li2S grains;
coating the plurality of Li2S grains;
exposing the coated plurality of Li2S grains and an uncoated plurality of Li2S grains to an organic solvent including dissolved sulfur;
dissolving the uncoated plurality of Li2S grains with the organic solvent;
rinsing the coated plurality of Li2S grains after exposing the coated plurality of Li2S grains to the organic solvent;
forming a positive electrode using the rinsed coated plurality of Li2S grains; and
locating a separator between the positive electrode and a negative electrode including a form of lithium.

US Pat. No. 10,170,753

NANO-SILICON COMPOSITE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL USED FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY, PROCESS FOR PREPARING THE SAME AND LITHIUM ION BATTERY

Shenzhen BTR New Energy M...

1. A nano-silicon composite negative electrode material, comprising;a graphite matrix composed of hollowed graphite;
a nano-silicon material chemical-vapor deposited inside the graphite matrix;
an amorphous carbon coating layer; and
a nano-conductive material coating layer on the surface of the graphite matrix,
wherein the nano-conductive material coating layer comprises a material selected from the group consisting of carbon nanotubes, graphene, conductive graphite, carbon fibers, nano graphite, conductive carbon black, and combinations thereof, and
wherein the nano-conductive material coating layer is included at from 0.1 wt. % to 10.0 wt. % in the negative electrode material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,751

COMPOSITE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERIES AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

CONNEXX SYSTEMS CORPORATI...

1. A method for producing a composite active material for lithium secondary batteries comprising:a mixing step of mixing an expanded graphite or a flaky graphite having a specific surface area of 30 m2/g or more and a battery active material capable of combining with lithium ions, to obtain a mixture; and
a spheroidization step of subjecting the mixture to a spheroidization treatment, to produce a generally spherical composite active material for lithium secondary batteries, the composite active material containing graphite and a battery active material capable of combining with lithium ions.

US Pat. No. 10,170,748

STABILIZED ANODE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY AND METHOD FOR ITS MANUFACTURE

Ovonic Battery Company, I...

1. A method of manufacturing an anode for a lithium battery, said method comprising the steps of:providing an anode member comprising a body of carbon having at least one electrochemically active surface which, when said anode is incorporated in a lithium battery, will provide an interface with an electrolyte of said battery;
coating a layer of a Group IV element or Group IV element-containing substance onto said at least one electrochemically active surface, said Group IV element or Group IV element containing substance comprising silicon, germanium, tin, or lead;
disposing said anode in a lithium battery cell comprising a cathode which is spaced apart from said anode, and a volume of electrolyte disposed between said cathode and said anode; and
operating said lithium battery cell in a charging mode so that lithium is intercalated into said carbon wherein said at least one electrochemically active surface of said anode member having said Group IV element or Group IV element-containing substance disposed thereupon interacts with said electrolyte so as to form a nonhomogeneous solid electrolyte interface layer comprising subregions, the subregions comprising the group IV element and carbon from the body of carbon.

US Pat. No. 10,170,747

TREATED CURRENT COLLECTOR FOIL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of treating a current collector, comprising:unrolling a roll of a metal current collector and passing it under a stationary electron beam source;
continuously treating a surface of the unrolled metal current collector with an electron beam in air to increase its surface energy;
applying a slurry including a binder to the treated surface; and
drying the slurry.

US Pat. No. 10,170,746

BATTERY ELECTRODE, BATTERY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A BATTERY ELECTRODE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A battery electrode, comprising:a doped substrate comprising a surface configured to face an ion-carrying electrolyte during operation of the battery electrode, wherein the doped substrate comprises a first conductivity type and wherein the doped substrate is a doped integral semiconductor substrate; and
a first diffusivity changing region at a first portion of the surface of the doped substrate, the first diffusivity changing region comprising a thermally activated counter-doped region in the doped substrate, the thermally activated counter doped semiconductor region comprising a second conductivity type, wherein the first diffusivity changing region is configured to change diffusion of ions carried by the electrolyte into the doped substrate, and
wherein a second portion of the surface of the doped substrate is exposed and free from the first diffusivity changing region and comprises the first conductivity type, and
wherein the second conductivity type is opposite the first conductivity type.

US Pat. No. 10,170,745

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

14. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly comprising first and second non-coating portions;
a first current collector connected to the first non-coating portion, and a second current collector connected to the second non-coating portion;
a cap assembly comprising a first terminal connection member connected to a portion of the first current collector, and a second terminal connection member connected to a portion of the second current collector; and
a sealing member between the first current collector and the first terminal connection member,
wherein a terminal connection member of the first and second terminal connection members comprises a fuse,
wherein the first terminal connection member comprises:
a first area on an upper portion of the cap assembly; and
a second area on a lower portion of the cap assembly,
wherein the first terminal connection member has a fastening hole between the first area and the second area,
wherein the sealing member comprises a protrusion having a second hole, and a second depression is formed at a position on the first current collector corresponding to the second hole,
wherein the second hole is aligned with the second depression, and the second area passes through the second hole and is connected to the first current collector in the second depression, the protrusion of the sealing member being inserted into and coupled to the fastening hole.

US Pat. No. 10,170,744

ELECTROCHEMICAL CURRENT COLLECTOR SCREEN DESIGNS UTILIZING ULTRASONIC WELDING

Greatbatch Ltd., Clarenc...

1. An electrochemical cell, comprising:a) a casing;
b) an electrode assembly contained within the casing, the electrode assembly comprising:
i) an anode comprising an anode active material contacted to an anode current collector, wherein an anode tab extending outwardly from the anode current collector is connected to the casing serving as a negative terminal for the cell;
ii) a cathode comprising:
A) a first cathode current collector comprising a first bridge extending to spaced apart first cathode current collector first and second screens, the first and second screens each supporting a cathode active material, wherein a first landing strip extends outwardly from the first bridge, the first landing strip comprising a first landing strip proximal portion having a first landing strip proximal end connected to the first bridge and a first weld connection portion connected to a distal end of the first landing strip, the first weld connection portion being spaced outwardly from the first bridge;
B) a second cathode current collector comprising a second bridge extending to spaced apart second cathode current collector third and fourth screens, the third and fourth screens each supporting a cathode active material, wherein a second landing strip extends outwardly from the second bridge, the second landing strip comprising a second landing strip proximal portion having a second landing strip proximal end connected to the second bridge and a second weld connection portion connected to a distal end of the second landing strip, the second weld connection portion being spaced outwardly from the second bridge; and
C) a cathode current collector plate contacted connected to the first and second landing strip weld connection portions at respective first and second welds, wherein the first and second welds are spaced from the respective first and second bridges by the first and second landing strips; and
D) a cathode lead extending from a cathode lead proximal portion to a cathode lead distal portion, wherein the cathode lead proximal portion is conductively connected to the cathode current collector plate, and
iii) wherein the anode is positioned in a facing relationship with:
F) the first and second screens of the first cathode current collector; and
G) the third and fourth screens of the second cathode current collector; and
iv) a separator residing between the anode and the cathode; and
c) a feedthrough comprising a terminal pin of a glass-to-metal seal supported by the casing, the terminal pin extending from a terminal pin proximal end to a terminal pin distal end, wherein the terminal pin proximal end is conductively connected to the cathode lead distal portion, and wherein the terminal pin distal end is located outside the casing to thereby serve as a positive terminal for the cell; and
d) an electrolyte contained within the casing to activate the electrode assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,170,743

SEPARATOR AND NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, AND BATTERY PACK, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, ELECTRIC VEHICLE, ELECTRIC POWER STORAGE DEVICE, AND ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. A separator comprising:a substrate including a porous film; and
a porous surface layer which is provided on at least one surface of the substrate, wherein the porous surface layer consists essentially of a vinylidene fluoride-tetrafluoroethylene-hexafluoropropylene copolymer,
wherein a porosity of the porous surface layer is 35% or more and less than or equal to 52.4%,
wherein a content of a monomer unit derived from the hexafluoropropylene in the porous surface layer is in a range of 5 to 15 percent by mole in the copolymer, a content of a monomer unit derived from the tetrafluoroethylene in the porous surface layer is in a range of 10 to 40 percent by mole in the copolymer, and a content of the monomer unit derived from the vinylidene fluoride in the porous surface layer is in a range of 45 to 85 percent by mole in the copolymer, and
wherein a thickness of the porous surface layer is 1.0 ?m to 2.1 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,170,742

BATTERY PACK HAVING ELECTRIC INSULATING PACK CASE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack comprising:a plate-shaped battery cell having electrode terminals, including an anode terminal and a cathode terminal formed at an upper end thereof, the upper end of the battery cell further including a sealed surplus portion, wherein the battery cell is formed to have a planar quadrangular structure;
a protection circuit module (PCM) including electrode terminal joint parts bent towards the electrode terminals and being directly and electrically connected to the electrode terminals to control operation of the battery pack, the PCM being adhesively attached to the sealed surplus portion of the battery cell via an insulating double-sided adhesive tape; and
a pack case applied to the sealed surplus portion of the battery cell, the PCM, and opposite sides of the battery cell in a thermally molten state and solidified, the pack case being configured to have a structure to cover the sealed surplus portion of the battery cell, the PCM, and the opposite sides of the battery cell in a state in which a top and a bottom of the battery cell are open, wherein each of the opposite sides of the battery cell are adjacent to the upper end of the battery cell,
wherein the electrode terminals extend outward from an upper end of the pack case at a first surface,
wherein a lower end of the battery cell, opposite to the upper end of the battery cell, is open, and
wherein the pack case is provided with a through hole at a second surface of the upper end thereof through which a side portion of the PCM received in the pack case is exposed outward, wherein the first surface is different from the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,741

EXPANDABLE BATTERY MODULE

EMATRIX ENERGY SYSTEMS, I...

20. A battery module comprising:a first battery brick and a second battery brick;
wherein both the first battery brick and the second battery brick comprise:
at least one battery cell;
a connecting layer configured to connect layers of battery cells, comprising:
at least one spacer, and
at least one busbar having a top side and a bottom side, wherein a first spacer is located above said top side and a second spacer is located below said bottom side;
a mechanical mating member having a plurality of flow passages;
a top cover having a primary flow channel fluidly connected to a plurality of secondary flow channels, and a bottom cover having primary flow channel fluidly connected to a plurality of secondary flow channels, wherein said top cover and bottom cover are configured to be mechanically interlocked to the battery module;
an electrical mating member having a plurality of flow passages; and
an external enclosure, wherein the external enclosure of the first battery brick is configured to interface with the external enclosure of the second battery brick;
wherein the flow passages of the mechanical mating member, the flow passages of the electrical mating member, and the flow passages of the top cover and bottom cover are fluidly connected; and
wherein the secondary channels of the top cover and bottom cover are configured to provide equal pressure though the plurality of flow passages of the battery module.

US Pat. No. 10,170,740

BATTERY AND BATTERY PACK WITH A BOLT AS AN ELECTRODE TERMINAL

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery comprising:a flat case that has a top plate being an elongated rectangular shape;
a power generating element that is housed in the case;
an insulating plate arranged above the top plate;
a terminal bolt that is arranged above the insulating plate such that a top surface of a bolt head faces the insulating plate; and
a connecting terminal plate that is electrically connected to the power generating element and insulated from the top plate, plate, and that fits loosely over the terminal bolt with the bolt head sandwiched between the connecting terminal plate and the insulating plate, wherein
the bolt head has a regular N-sided polygon shape having an even number of apexes;
the insulating plate includes a pair of rotation stopping walls, including a first rotation stopping wall and a second rotation stopping wall, that stop rotation of the bolt head with respect to the insulating plate and that are respectively provided on each side of the bolt head in a short direction of the top plate,
a wall thickness of the first rotation stopping wall at a first abutting location, where the bolt head abuts the first rotation stopping wall when the bolt head is rotated in a tightening direction of a nut that screws onto the terminal bolt and the bolt head is stopped from further rotating by the first rotation stopping wall, is greater than a wall thickness of the first rotation stopping wall at a second abutting location, where the bolt head abuts the first rotation stopping wall when the bolt head is rotated in a loosening direction of the nut and the bolt head is stopped from further rotating by the first rotation stopping wall, and
a wall thickness of the second rotation stopping wall at a third abutting location, where the bolt head abuts the second rotation stopping wall when the bolt head is rotated in a tightening direction of the nut that screws onto the terminal bolt and the bolt head is stopped from further rotating by the second rotation stopping wall, is greater than a wall thickness of the second rotation stopping wall at a fourth abutting location, where the bolt head abuts the second rotation stopping wall when the bolt head is rotated in a loosening direction of the nut and the bolt head is stopped from further rotating by the second rotation stopping wall.

US Pat. No. 10,170,739

PIN MOUNT FOR BATTERY MODULE

Bosch Battery Systems Gmb...

1. A battery pack comprising a battery pack housing and a battery module disposed in the battery pack housing,the battery pack housing including
a first side,
a second side that is parallel to the first side, an inner surface of the first side facing and being spaced apart from an inner surface of the second side,
a first rail that protrudes from the inner surface of the first side, and a second rail that protrudes from an inner surface of the second side,
the first rail including
a first support surface that is parallel to and spaced apart from the inner surface of the first side,
adjoining side surfaces of the first rail that extend between the inner surface of the first side and the first support surface, the first support surface and the adjoining side surfaces of the first rail providing an outer surface of the first rail, and
a first slot that opens at the first support surface and faces the inner surface of the second side, the first slot intersecting each of the first support surface and the adjoining side surfaces of the first rail,
the second rail including
a second support surface that is parallel to and spaced apart from the inner surface of the second side,
adjoining side surfaces of the second rail that extend between the inner surface of the second side and the second support surface, the second support surface and the adjoining side surfaces of the second rail providing an outer surface of the second rail, and
a second slot that opens at the second support surface and faces the inner surface of the first side, the second slot intersecting each of the second support surface and the adjoining side surfaces of the second rail,whereinthe battery module is disposed in the battery pack housing so as to reside between the first side and the second side, the battery module including
a module housing, an outer surface of the module housing including a first protrusion and a second protrusion, and
electrochemical cells disposed within the module housing,and whereinthe first protrusion is disposed in the first slot,
the second protrusion is disposed in the second slot, and
the module housing is located and retained relative to the battery pack housing via engagement of the first slot with the first protrusion, and engagement of the second slot with the second protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,170,738

BATTERY PACK FOR MOBILE DEVICES

mophie inc., Tustin, CA ...

1. A protective battery case for use with a mobile phone, the protective battery case comprising:a protective casing comprising:
a back wall configured to be positioned adjacent to at least a portion of a back side of a mobile phone;
an upper wall configured to be positioned adjacent to at least a portion of a top of the mobile phone;
a right side wall configured to be positioned adjacent to at least a portion of a right side of the mobile phone;
a left side wall configured to be positioned adjacent to at least a portion of a left side of the mobile phone;
a front opening configured such that a display of the mobile phone is visible through the front opening;
wherein an external shape of the casing generally conforms to an external shape of the mobile phone such that the mobile phone is usable while inside the casing;
wherein a portion of the casing is flexible to facilitate insertion of the mobile phone into the casing or to facilitate removal of the mobile phone from the casing;
a battery housed within a thickness of the back wall such that the battery is configured to be positioned behind the back side of the mobile phone;
a charge level indicator configured to indicate the charge level of the battery;
a first interface coupled to the battery and configured to charge the mobile phone using the battery;
a second interface coupled to the battery and configured to recharge the battery, wherein the second interface comprises an external port configured to receive a connector for wired recharging of the battery; and
a third interface coupled to the battery and configured to recharge the battery, wherein the third interface comprises a wireless charging device for recharging the battery wirelessly.

US Pat. No. 10,170,737

BATTERY HOLDER, BATTERY UNIT, AND BATTERY COMPONENT INCLUDING BATTERY HOLDER AND BATTERY UNIT

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. A battery holder for holding a battery unit at least in a state in which the battery unit is located at a first holding position, the battery holder comprising:a first base that opposes a first end of the battery unit in the state in which the battery unit is located at the first holding position;
a first holding portion movably arranged on the first base between a first position, at which the first holding portion contacts a held portion of the battery unit and holds the battery unit at the first holding position, and a second position, at which the first holding portion is separated from the held portion; and
a second holding portion arranged on the first base at least partially on a downstream side of the first holding portion in a removal direction in which the battery unit is removed from the battery holder, and the second holding portion being configured to hold the battery unit at a second holding position that is located at the downstream side of the first holding position.

US Pat. No. 10,170,736

BATTERY CASE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., G...

1. A battery case, comprising:a front case comprising i) a first surface configured to face a front end portion of a battery module that is placed in a bottom surface of the battery case, and ii) a first flange portion configured to extend toward the battery module from a periphery of the first surface, the first flange portion having an opening formed in an upper surface thereof;
a top case comprising i) a second surface facing the opening of the first flange portion and a top of the battery module, and ii) a second flange portion configured to extend toward the top of the battery module from a periphery of the second surface, the second flange portion having one side connected to the first flange portion along edge portions of the opening; and
an attaching/detaching mechanism, configured to be attached and detached from the front case, wherein the attaching/detaching mechanism comprises i) an elastic member configured to be positioned between the first surface of the front case and the front end portion of the battery module, ii) a plurality of cover members respectively at least partially surrounding opposing ends of the elastic member, iii) an extending member extending upwardly from one area of each cover member, and iv) a plurality of press members respectively formed toward the opposing ends of the elastic member from end portions of the extending member, and wherein the number of the cover members is the same as the number of the press members.

US Pat. No. 10,170,734

TOP COVER OF POWER BATTERY AND POWER BATTERY

Contemporary Amperex Tech...

1. A top cover of a power battery, comprising a top cover plate, a first electrode unit and a second electrode unit,the top cover plate is provided with a deformable plate connecting hole and an insulation piece accommodating portion, the first electrode unit comprises a deformable plate, a conductive plate and a first insulation piece,
the deformable plate is electrically connected with the top cover plate and seals the deformable plate connecting hole, the conductive plate is located underneath the deformable plate, and is electrically connected with the deformable plate, the first insulation piece comprises a top cover plate connecting portion and a conductive plate connecting portion, the top cover plate connecting portion extends into the insulation piece accommodating portion and is fixed with the insulation piece accommodating portion, the conductive plate is fixed with the top cover plate through the conductive plate connecting portion,
the deformable plate deforms and is insulated from the conductive plate when a pressure in an interior of the power battery exceeds a reference pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,170,733

FLEXIBLE STRUCTURE WITH STRAIN GAUGE, APPLICATION TO ELECTROCHEMICAL LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES IN A FLEXIBLE PACKAGING

1. A flexible structure constituting a flexible packaging of a lithium electrochemical accumulator, the flexible structure comprising a strain gauge that is elongate along a longitudinal axis X1 and that is intended to measure deformation of the flexible structure in a direction X parallel to the axis X1, the carrier of the gauge being adhesively bonded to the flexible structure only by its lateral ends.

US Pat. No. 10,170,732

FLEXIBLE SECONDARY BATTERY

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A flexible secondary battery, comprising:an electrode assembly that includes a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer, and a separator between the first and second electrode layers;
a protection film on at least one of an upper surface or a lower surface of the electrode assembly;
a fixing unit, the fixing unit fixing one end portion of each of the first electrode layer, the separator, the second electrode layer, and the protection film; and
a sealing unit, the sealing unit sealing the electrode assembly and the protection film therein such that the protection film is between the electrode assembly and the sealing unit,
wherein a melting point of the protection film is higher than a melting point of the separator,
wherein the protection film includes at least one of polyphthalamide, polyethersulfone, polyphenylene sulfide, polyetherimide, or polyether ether ketone,
wherein the sealing unit includes a first sealing sheet and a second sealing sheet attached to each other and sealing the electrode assembly therein, and
wherein each of the first sealing sheet and the second sealing sheet include a first insulating layer, a metal layer, and a second insulating layer sequentially stacked.

US Pat. No. 10,170,731

MASK AND MASKING ASSEMBLY

Point Engineering Co., Lt...

1. A mask for forming a pattern on a substrate, comprising:an anodic oxide film formed by anodizing metal;
at least one transmission hole configured to vertically penetrate the anodic oxide film and formed in a corresponding relationship with the pattern, the at least one transmission hole having a diameter;
a plurality of pores formed in the anodic oxide film so as to have a smaller diameter than the at least one transmission hole; and
a magnetic material provided in each of the pores such that each of the pores is at least partially filled with the magnetic material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,730

VACUUM EVAPORATION DEVICE AND METHOD THEREOF, AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY PANEL

SHANGHAI TIANMA AM-OLED C...

1. A vacuum evaporation device, comprising:at least a first evaporation chamber, wherein:
the first evaporation chamber includes at least one first organic material evaporation source and at least one first metal evaporation source,
the at least one first organic material evaporation source is configured to evaporate a first organic material,
the at least one first metal evaporation source is configured to evaporate a first metal material, and
the at least one first organic material evaporation source and the at least one first metal evaporation source are controlled to perform evaporation simultaneously to generate blend doping of the first organic material and the first metal material on a substrate disposed within the first evaporation chamber,
wherein a material configured to be evaporated by the at least one first metal evaporation source includes at least one element selected from main group II and main group III, and rare earth elements,
the material configured to be evaporated by the at least one first metal evaporation source includes at least one of ytterbium (Yb), magnesium (Mg), and lithium fluoride (LiF), and
an evaporation temperature difference between the at least one first organic material evaporation source and the at least one first metal evaporation source is smaller than or equal to 300° C.

US Pat. No. 10,170,729

ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of forming an electronic device, comprising:forming a first electrode, wherein the first electrode comprises a conductive polymer electrode defining first and second surfaces and having an electrical conductivity gradient between the first and second surfaces, wherein forming the first electrode comprises depositing a solution comprising a conductive polymer and a dopant to form a first layer, and thereafter irradiating the first layer to produce a conductivity gradient in the first layer; and
forming at least one organic material layer intermediate the first electrode and a second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,728

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a substrate;
an encapsulation portion on the substrate;
a seal portion between the substrate and the encapsulation portion; and
at least one dummy seal portion adjacent to the seal portion,
wherein:
the substrate and the encapsulation portion at least partially overlap each other in a first direction perpendicular to a surface of the substrate;
the dummy seal portion is, when viewed in the first direction, arranged in an area between an edge of the seal portion and a boundary line of an overlapping area of the substrate and the encapsulation portion;
at least one other display device comprises the substrate; and
a cut line to split the display device from the at least one other display device overlaps the seal portion when viewed in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,170,727

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

15. A display device comprising:a first substrate having an insulating surface;
a display region having a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix on the insulating surface, each of the plurality of pixels having a display element;
a first sealing film on the display element and covering the display element;
a first detection electrode layer on the first sealing film, the first detection electrode having a lower surface being in contact with the first sealing film, an upper surface at an opposite side from the lower surface, and a side surface between the lower surface and the upper surface;
a second sealing film on the first detection electrode layer, the second sealing film covering the upper surface and the side surface of the first detection electrode layer; and
a second detection electrode layer on the second sealing film, the second detection electrode having a lower surface being in contact with the second insulating film, an upper surface at an opposite side from the lower surface, and a side surface between the lower surface and the upper surface.

US Pat. No. 10,170,726

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A method for manufacturing a display device, comprising:forming an insulating film over and in contact with a first substrate with flexibility;
forming a first sealant continuously surrounding a display region over the insulating film;
irradiating the first sealant with a first laser beam;
bonding a second substrate with flexibility to the first substrate with the first sealant;
irradiating the first sealant with a second laser beam;
forming a second sealant continuously surrounding the first sealant in a gap between the first substrate and the second substrate and on a side surface of the first substrate and a side surface of the second substrate; and
forming a member in contact with a side surface of the second sealant,
wherein the member comprises a bottom surface portion in contact with a top surface of the insulating film.

US Pat. No. 10,170,725

LAMINATED STRUCTURE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY UNIT EMPLOYING SAME

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A manufacturing method of an organic light emitting device, comprising:providing a substrate;
forming an anode including, stacked in this order:
a first anode layer comprising a metal compound or a conductive oxide,
a second anode layer that is a reflective layer, and
a third anode layer comprising a metal compound or a conductive oxide;
forming an insulating film so as to cover the anode;
patterning the insulating film so as to partially expose the anode;
forming an organic layer over the exposed portion of the anode and the insulating film, the organic layer comprising a light-emitting layer; and
forming a cathode on the organic layer,
wherein the organic light emitting device is configured to generate light in the light-emitting layer, and the light is extracted through the cathode,
wherein a thickness of the third anode layer is between about 3-15 nm, and
wherein the patterning the laminated structure includes making a side surface of the second anode layer a convex shape when viewed as a cross-section in the laminated direction of the anode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,724

LIGHT EMITTING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light emitting apparatus comprising:a transistor in a drive circuit portion;
a semiconductor layer;
a gate electrode over the semiconductor layer;
a first insulating film over the gate electrode;
a first electrode over the first insulating film, the first electrode being electrically connected to the semiconductor layer;
a connection wiring over the first insulating film;
an insulating substance over and in contact with a top surface of the first electrode, and a top surface of the connection wiring;
an electroluminescent layer over the first electrode and the insulating substance;
a second electrode over the electroluminescent layer; and
a flexible printed circuit,
wherein the flexible printed circuit is electrically connected to the second electrode through the connection wiring, and
wherein the second electrode is in contact with the connection wiring at a connection portion between the electroluminescent layer and a channel forming region of the transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,723

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT AND ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting element comprising:an anode as a first electrode;
a cathode as a second electrode;
an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode;
an electron injection layer between the second electrode and the emission layer; and
a barrier layer for controlling electron injection speed and for decreasing emission efficiency by slowing electron injection speed located between the electron injection layer and the second electrode, and having a work function that is larger than a work function of the second electrode,
wherein a work function difference between the barrier layer and the second electrode is less than or equal to about 1.0 eV.

US Pat. No. 10,170,722

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE HAVING LOW WORK FUNCTION METAL HALIDE COMPOUND IN HOLE INJECTION LAYER

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

13. An organic light-emitting device, comprising:an anode;
a cathode facing the anode; and
an organic layer between the anode and the cathode and including an emission layer, the organic layer including:
a hole transport region between the anode and the emission layer, the hole transport region including a hole injection layer, and
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the cathode, the electron transport region including an electron injection layer,
wherein:
the hole injection layer includes
LiCl, NaCl, KCl, RbCl, CsCl, BeCl2, MgCl2, CaCl2, SrCl2, BaCl2, YbCl, YbCl2, YbCl3, SmCl3,
LiBr, NaBr, KBr, RbBr, CsBr, BeBr2, MgBr2, CaBr2, SrBr2, BaBr2, YbBr, YbBr2, YbBr3, SmBr3,
LiI, NaI, KI, RbI, CsI, BeI2, MgI2, CaI2, SrI2, BaI2, YbI, YbI2, YbI3, or SmI3, and
the hole injection layer directly contacts the anode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,721

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING HOLE TRANSPORT LAYERS WITH DIFFERENT THICKNESS

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display device comprising:a first emission part between a first electrode and a second electrode, the first emission part including a first hole transport layer and a first emission layer;
a second emission part on the first emission part, the second emission part including a second hole transport layer and a second emission layer;
a third emission part on the second emission part, the third emission part including a third hole transport layer and a third emission layer,
wherein a thickness of the second hole transport layer is greater than a thickness of the first hole transport layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,719

ORGANIC MONOLAYER PASSIVATION AND SILICON HETEROJUNCTION PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES USING THE SAME

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for inorganic passivation in a photovoltaic device, the method comprising:etching a native oxide over an inorganic substrate, the inorganic substrate having a surface;
forming an organic monolayer directly on the surface of the inorganic substrate to form a heterojunction, the organic monolayer having the following formula:
˜X—Y,
wherein X is an oxygen or a sulfur; Y is an alkyl chain, an alkenyl chain, or an alkynyl chain; and X covalently bonds to the surface of the inorganic substrate by a covalent bond;
depositing an organic semiconductor material directly on a surface of the organic monolayer, the organic semiconductor material being substantially free of doping; and
disposing a conductive electrode directly on at least on a portion of the organic semiconductor material;
wherein the organic semiconductor material comprises an electron blocking or a hole transport material when the inorganic substrate comprises an n-type inorganic material, and the organic semiconductor material comprises a hole blocking or electron transport material when the inorganic substrate comprises a p-type inorganic material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,718

ELECTRONIC DEVICES EMPLOYING ALIGNED ORGANIC POLYMERS

The California Institute ...

1. A method of forming an electronics device, comprising:polymerizing a polymer on an electrode so as to form chains of the polymer on the electrode;
pausing the polymerization after the polymerization has been started;
applying a layer of nanoparticles to the portion of the polymer chains that were formed before the polymerization was paused; and
resuming the polymerization after applying the nanoparticles.

US Pat. No. 10,170,717

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A thin film transistor, comprising a source electrode pattern and a drain electrode pattern arranged on a same layer, wherein the thin film transistor further comprises:a heat dissipation layer arranged between the source electrode pattern and the drain electrode pattern,
wherein the heat dissipation layer is made of a polymer carbon nanotube composite material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,716

METHOD FOR PREPARING ORGANIC FILM AND ORGANIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

GWANGJU INSTITUTE OF SCIE...

1. A method of preparing an organic film, comprising:(1) forming a first organic film including nanorods on a substrate using a first organic solution;
(2) introducing a second organic solution at least into spaces between the nanorods of the first organic film; and
(3) crystallizing the introduced second organic solution to form a second organic film,
wherein the first organic film and the second organic film together form the organic film, and
wherein the first organic solution and the second organic solution comprise P(VDF-TrFE), and the second solution contains a lower wt % of P(VDF-TrFE) than the first organic solution.

US Pat. No. 10,170,715

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A VERTICAL ORGANIC FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR, AND VERTICAL ORGANIC FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR

Novaled GmbH, Dresden (D...

1. Method for producing a vertical organic field-effect transistor, in which a vertical organic field-effect transistor with a layer arrangement is produced on a substrate, said layer arrangement comprising transistor electrodes, namely a first electrode, a second electrode and a third electrode, electrically insulating layers and an organic semiconductor layer, wherein the method comprises the following steps:providing a substrate,
depositing a selectively adhesive layer on the substrate;
producing a partial layer structure of the vertical organic field-effect transistor, which comprises at least one of the transistor electrodes and at least one of the electrically insulating layers, which adhere to the selectively adhesive layer in a respective direct contact region; and
producing at least one organic semiconductor layer, by at least one organic semiconductor material being adhesively deposited on the partial layer structure and the selectively adhesive layer preventing an adhesive deposition of the at least one organic semiconductor material outside of the partial layer structure; and
producing a residual partial layer structure of the vertical organic field-effect transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,714

DISPLAY PANEL

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A display panel, having a first substrate and a second substrate disposed on the first substrate, and the display panel comprising a plurality of subpixels, wherein at least one of the subpixels comprises:a switch element, disposed on the first substrate, and comprising a first end, a second end, and a first gate, wherein the first end is electrically connected to a data line that extends in a first direction, the first gate is electrically connected to a scan line that extends in a second direction, and the first direction is not parallel to the second direction;
a driving element, disposed on the first substrate, and comprising a first end, a second end, and a second gate, wherein the first end is electrically connected to a power line, the second gate is electrically connected to the second end of the switch element, and the power line is electrically connected to a first voltage source;
a passivation layer, disposed on the first substrate, and covering the scan line, the data line, the power line, the switch element, the driving element, and the first substrate;
a patterned electrode layer, disposed on the passivation layer of the first substrate, wherein the patterned electrode layer includes a first capacitor electrode and a pixel electrode separated from the first capacitor electrode, the pixel electrode is electrically connected to the second end of the driving element, and the first capacitor electrode is electrically connected to the second end of the switch element;
an electroluminescent layer, located on the pixel electrode of the first substrate;
a counter electrode, disposed on the electroluminescent layer of the first substrate and electrically connected to a second voltage source, wherein the second voltage source is different from the first voltage source;
a conductive bump, protrusively disposed on the first capacitor electrode of the first substrate, wherein the conductive bump comprises a conductive material;
an upper capacitor electrode, disposed on an inner surface of the second substrate; and
a capacitor dielectric layer, covering the upper capacitor electrode of the second substrate, wherein the conductive bump, the capacitor dielectric layer, and the upper capacitor electrode form a storage capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,170,713

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a substrate having a front surface and a back surface;
a display circuit layer laminated on the front surface, the display circuit layer including a first area and a second area that are aligned in a first direction and apart from each other, the display circuit layer including a middle area positioned between the first area and the second area and having a narrower width in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction than widths of the first area and the second area in the second direction, the display circuit layer having at least one hollow located in the middle area and recessed in the second direction;
a first film overlapped with the first area and stuck to the display circuit layer;
a resin layer provided on the display circuit layer, ranging from the middle area to the second area, and being adjacent to the first film;
a second film overlapped with the first area and stuck to the back surface of the substrate; and
a third film positioned apart from the second film, overlapped with the second area, and stuck to the back surface of the substrate,
wherein the display circuit layer includes a light emitting element, a thin film transistor, and an inorganic insulating layer, and
the inorganic insulating layer is positioned at an edge of the hollow.

US Pat. No. 10,170,712

ARTICLES HAVING FLEXIBLE SUBSTRATES

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An article, comprising:flexible substrate;
a first layer disposed over at least a portion of the substrate, the first layer comprising a reflector;
a second layer disposed over at least a portion of the first layer, the second layer comprising an electrode;
a third layer disposed over at least a portion of the second layer, the third Dyer comprising a polymer and a light source;
a fourth layer disposed over at least a portion of the third layer, the fourth layer comprising a diffusor; and
a fifth layer disposed over at least a portion of the fourth layer, the fifth layer comprising at least one of a photochromic material and a thermochromic material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,711

DISPLAY WITH VIAS TO ACCESS DRIVER CIRCUITRY

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A display, comprising:a substrate;
metal pads having opposing first and second surfaces;
a polymer layer covering the substrate and the first surface of the metal pads, wherein vias in the polymer layer contact the first surface of metal pads;
a thin-film transistor layer on the polymer layer, wherein metal traces in the thin-film transistor layer are coupled to the vias and provide signals to pixels configured to be controlled by transistors in the thin-film transistor layer; and
bonding material on the second surfaces of the metal pads.

US Pat. No. 10,170,709

PLATINUM COMPLEX HAVING CARBENE FRAGMENT, OLED USING THE SAME, AND NITROGEN-CONTAINING HETEROCYCLIC BIDENTATE CHELATE HAVING CARBENE UNIT

National Tsing Hua Univer...

1. A platinum complex having a carbene fragment, containing: a platinum cation, a zero-valent first nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bidentate chelate, and a dianionic second nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bidentate chelate, wherein the first nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bidentate chelate has at least one carbene unit coordinating to platinum, and the second nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bidentate chelate has at least one electron-withdrawing substituent and forms two N—Pt bonds, or one N—Pt bond and one C—Pt bond, with the platinum cation,wherein the platinum complex is represented by formula (I) or (II):
wherein X is CH or N, RF is —CmF2m+1 and m is an integer of 1 to 7.

US Pat. No. 10,170,708

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT MATERIALS CONTAINING BENZIMIDAZOLE AND ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE BY USING THE SAME

YUAN ZE UNIVERSITY, Chun...

3. An organic electroluminescent device, comprising:a first electrode layer;
a second electrode layer; and
an organic luminescent unit, disposed between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer, wherein the organic luminescent unit has at least an organic luminescent material as shown in General Formula (1),

wherein R9 and R13 are both benzimidazole derivatives, and the benzimidazole derivatives have the structures of the following General Formula (3); and

R1 to R8, R10 to R12 and R34 to R42 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a cyano group, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkoxy group, a thioalkyl group, a silyl group, and an alkenyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,170,707

COMPOUND, MATERIAL FOR ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE ELEMENT, ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE ELEMENT, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. A compound represented by formula (1):wherein:each of R1 to R6 is independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 10 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a halogen atom, or a cyano group;
one of R7 to R10 is a single bond bonded to *a, and each of the others of R7 to is independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 10 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a halogen atom, or a cyano group;
one of R11 to R14 is a single bond bonded to *b, and each of the others of R11 to R14 is independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 10 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a halogen atom, or a cyano group;
each of R15 to R18 is independently a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 10 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted haloalkoxy group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, a halogen atom, or a cyano group;
with the proviso that each of adjacent two groups selected from R1 to R6, adjacent two groups selected from R7 to R10, adjacent two groups selected from R11 to R14, and adjacent two groups selected from R15 to R18 may be respectively bonded to each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted ring;
each of L1 and L2 is independently a single bond, a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene group having 5 to 18 ring atoms; and
each of Ar1 and Ar2 is independently a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 18 ring carbon atoms;
provided that at least one selected from Ar1 and Ar2 is a substituted or unsubstituted fluoranthenyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,170,706

AMINE-BASED COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An amine-based compound represented by Formula 1A below:wherein in

L1 and L2 are each independently selected from:
a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-fluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a pyridinylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, an isoindolylene group, an indolylene group, a quinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a carbazolylene group, and a triazinylene group; and
a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, a fluorenylene group, a spiro-fluorenylene group, a phenanthrenylene group, an anthracenylene group, a fluoranthenylene group, a triphenylenylene group, a pyrenylene group, a chrysenylene group, a pyridinylene group, a pyrazinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, a pyridazinylene group, an isoindolylene group, an indolylene group, a quinolinylene group, a benzoquinolinylene group, a quinoxalinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a cinnolinylene group, a carbazolylene group, and a triazinylene group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group;
a and b are each independently 0 or 1;
Ar1 and Ar2 are each independently selected from:
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group; and
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group;
R1 and R2 are each independently selected from:
a C1-C20 alkyl group;
a C1-C20 alkyl group substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group;
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group; and
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group;
R3, R4 and R11 to R21 are each independently selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, and a C1-C20 alkyl group; and
p and q are each independently 0, 1, or 2,
wherein
at least one of Ar1, Ar2, R1 to R4, and R11 to R21 is selected from:
a naphthyl group;
a naphthyl group substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a triphenylenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, a quinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a carbazolyl group, and a triazinyl group; and
a phenyl group, an anthracenyl group, and a fluorenyl group, each substituted with at least one naphthyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,170,705

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting device, comprisinga first electrode;
a second electrode facing the first electrode;
an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the second electrode;
wherein the electron transport region includes at least one condensed cyclic compound selected from the following Compounds 1 to 360:



US Pat. No. 10,170,703

CONDENSED CYCLIC COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A condensed cyclic compound represented by Formula 1:
wherein, in Formula 1,
ring A1 and ring A2 are each independently selected from a benzene, a naphthalene, a pyridine, a pyrimidine, a pyrazine, a quinoline, an isoquinoline, a quinoxaline, a quinazoline, and a cinnoline, at least one of ring A1 and ring A2 is selected from a naphthalene, a pyridine, a pyrimidine, a pyrazine, a quinoline, an isoquinoline, a quinoxaline, a quinazoline, and a cinnoline,
X1 is N-[(L11)a11-(R11)b11], O, or S,
L1, L2, and L11 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C6 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
a1 and a2 are each independently an integer of 1 to 5, a11 is an integer of 0 to 5, wherein when a1 is 2 or more, two or more L1s are identical to or different from each other, when a2 is 2 or more, two or more L2s are identical to or different from each other, and when a11 is 2 or more, two or more L11s are identical to or different from each other,
R1 to R6 and R11 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q1)(Q2), —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), and —B(Q6)(Q7),
b1, b2, b5, b6, and b11 are each independently an integer of 0 to 4,
b3 and b4 are each independently an integer of 0 to 6,
c1 and c2 are each independently an integer of 0 to 4, a sum of c1 and c2 being 1 to 8, and
at least one substituent of the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, substituted C6-C60 arylene group, substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6-C60 aryl group, substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), and —B(Q16)(Q17);
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), and —B(Q26)(Q27); and
—N(Q31)(Q32), —Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), and —B(Q36)(Q37),
wherein Q1 to Q7, Q1 to Q17, Q21 to Q27, and Q31 to Q37 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,170,702

INTERMETALLIC CONTACT FOR CARBON NANOTUBE FETS

International Business Ma...

1. A field effect transistor, comprising:a carbon nanotube layer formed adjacent to a gate structure;
at least two intermetallic contacts, including an alloy of two or more metals, formed on the carbon nanotube layer, the at least two intermetallic contacts including an oxidation resistant compound having a work function below about 4.4 electron-volts; and
a conductive cap disposed on each of the at least two intermetallic contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,170,701

CONTROLLED DEPOSITION OF MATERIALS USING A DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE REGIME

Universal Display Corpora...

1. A deposition device for depositing a material onto a substrate, comprising:a delivery device comprising a first aperture in fluid communication with a delivery gas and a source of organic material to be deposited on a substrate, the first aperture configured to create a higher pressure regime in a first microenvironment below the first aperture; and
a second aperture, disposed adjacent to the first aperture, and configured to create a lower pressure regime in a second microenvironment below the second aperture;
wherein the delivery device creates a higher pressure regime in a third microenvironment adjacent to the second aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,170,700

FABRICATION OF CORRELATED ELECTRON MATERIAL DEVICES METHOD TO CONTROL CARBON

ARM Ltd., Cambridge (GB)...

1. A method comprising:in a chamber, exposing a substrate to one or more gases comprising a transition metal oxide, a transition metal or a transition metal compound, or any combination thereof, and a first ligand, the one or more gases comprising an atomic concentration of a ligand comprising carbon so as to bring about an atomic concentration of carbon in a fabricated correlated electron material of between 0.1% and 10.0%;
exposing the substrate to a gaseous oxide to form a first layer of a film of the correlated electron material; and
repeating the exposing of the substrate to the one or more gases and to the gaseous oxide wherein the repeated cycles use gaseous oxides that differ in species or flow rate for the purpose of controlling an incorporation of dopant and are repeated a sufficient number of times so as to form additional layers of the film of the correlated electron material, the film of the correlated electron material exhibiting, as between the first layer and an additional layer, a first impedance state and a second impedance state which are substantially dissimilar from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,170,699

RRAM CELL BOTTOM ELECTRODE FORMATION

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

16. A method of forming a resistive random access memory (RRAM) cell, comprising:performing a physical vapor deposition (PVD) process to form a lower portion of a bottom electrode layer;
performing a first plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) process to form an upper portion of the bottom electrode layer over the lower portion of the bottom electrode layer;
performing a second PEALD process, in-situ with the first PEALD process, to form a dielectric data storage layer having a variable resistance over the upper portion of the bottom electrode layer; and
forming a top electrode layer over the dielectric data storage layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,698

SPIN TORQUE MRAM FABRICATION USING NEGATIVE TONE LITHOGRAPHY AND ION BEAM ETCHING

1. A method for forming a pillar, comprising:masking a positive tone photoresist material using a dark field reticle and a negative tone developer having a polarity opposite that of the photoresist to provide an island of photoresist material; and
etching a first layer with a first etch under the island of photoresist material to establish a pillar defined by the island of photoresist material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,697

CRYOGENIC PATTERNING OF MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTIONS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

8. A method for fabricating a magnetic tunnel junction, comprising:sequentially depositing a first magnetic layer, an insulating layer, and a second magnetic layer onto a substrate, the substrate comprising a first electrode;
depositing a sacrificial layer onto second magnetic layer;
forming an opening in the sacrificial layer;
conformally depositing a liner layer onto the substrate;
removing a portion of the liner layer on a top surface of the sacrificial layer;
depositing a conductive material into the opening;
selectively removing remaining portions of the liner layer and the sacrificial layer from the substrate; and
anisotropically etching the first magnetic layer, the insulating layer, and the second magnetic layer using the conductive material as a hard mask to form the magnetic tunnel junction on at least a portion of the first electrode, wherein anisotropically etching comprises cooling the substrate to a temperature between 0° C. and ?200° C. and exposing the first magnetic layer, the insulating layer, and the second magnetic layer to reactive plasma.

US Pat. No. 10,170,696

MNN AND HEUSLER LAYERS IN MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTIONS

International Business Ma...

1. A stacked structure, comprising:a substrate;
a MnN layer overlying the substrate, wherein the MnN layer is predominantly oriented in the (001) direction; and
a magnetic layer overlying and in contact with the MnN layer, the magnetic layer forming part of a magnetic tunnel junction, wherein the magnetic layer includes a Heusler compound that includes Mn, and wherein the magnetic layer is ferromagnetic or ferrimagnetic.

US Pat. No. 10,170,695

MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION DEVICE UTILIZING LATTICE STRAIN

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A magnetic tunnel junction device, comprising:a free layer formed of a first Heusler alloy layer having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface;
a barrier layer having a first surface and a second surface, the first surface of the barrier layer being in contact with the first surface of the first Heusler alloy layer;
a reference layer formed of a composite of a second Heusler alloy layer and a Co/Pt multilayer, wherein the second Heusler alloy layer is interposed between the barrier layer and the Co/Pt multilayer and wherein the second Heusler alloy layer is in contact with the second surface of the barrier layer;
a buffer layer disposed on the second surface of the first Heusler alloy layer,
wherein the first Heusler alloy layer is interposed between the barrier layer and the buffer layer,
wherein each of the barrier layer and the buffer layer has an insulating property so that a compressive strain is exerted on the first Heusler alloy layer in a direction parallel to an interface between the first Heusler alloy layer and the barrier layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,694

MAGNETIC MEMORY

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A magnetic memory comprising:a first terminal and a second terminal;
a first conductive layer, which is nonmagnetic and includes at least a first element, the first conductive layer including a first region, a second region, a third region, a fourth region, and a fifth region, the second region being disposed between the first region and the fifth region, the third region being disposed between the second region and the fifth region, the fourth region being disposed between the third region and the fifth region, the first region being electrically connected to the first terminal, and the fifth region being electrically connected to the second terminal;
a first magnetoresistive element disposed to correspond to the third region, the first magnetoresistive element including a first magnetic layer, a second magnetic layer disposed between the first magnetic layer and the third region and including at least a second element, a first nonmagnetic layer disposed between the first magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer, a second nonmagnetic layer disposed between the second magnetic layer and the first nonmagnetic layer and including at least a third element, and a third magnetic layer disposed between the second nonmagnetic layer and the first nonmagnetic layer;
a second conductive layer disposed to correspond to the second region, electrically connected to the second region, the second magnetic layer, and the second nonmagnetic layer, and including at least the first element, the second element, and the third element; and
a third conductive layer disposed to correspond to the fourth region, electrically connected to the fourth region, the second magnetic layer, and the second nonmagnetic layer, and including at least the first element, the second element, and the third element.

US Pat. No. 10,170,693

MAGNETORESISTIVE DEVICE AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME

Agency for Science, Techn...

1. A magnetoresistive device comprising:a free magnetic layer structure having a variable magnetization orientation;
a fixed magnetic layer structure having a fixed magnetization orientation;
a compensating magnetic layer having a magnetization orientation aligned at least substantially antiparallel to the fixed magnetization orientation of the fixed magnetic layer structure; and
a tilting magnetic layer structure configured to provide an interlayer exchange biasing field to tilt, at equilibrium, the fixed magnetization orientation relative to the variable magnetization orientation to be along a tilting axis that is at least substantially non-parallel to at least one of a first easy axis of the fixed magnetization orientation and a second easy axis of the variable magnetization orientation,
wherein the tilting magnetic layer structure is interlayer exchange coupled to the compensating magnetic layer via a non-magnetic spacer layer therebetween such that the interlayer exchange biasing field tilts, at equilibrium, the fixed magnetization orientation of the fixed magnetic layer structure to be along the tilting axis.

US Pat. No. 10,170,692

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION

IMEC vzw, Leuven (BE)

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a first metallization layer;
a first dielectric layer formed on the first metallization layer;
a second metallization layer formed on the first dielectric layer;
a second dielectric layer formed on the second metallization layer;
a third metallization layer formed on the second dielectric layer,
wherein the first metallization layer is electrically connected to the second metallization layer by a first via formed in the first dielectric layer, and
wherein the second metallization layer is electrically connected to the third metallization layer by a via formed in the second dielectric layer; and
a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) device formed in the first dielectric layer and extending into the second metallization layer, the MTJ device including a top electrode and a bottom electrode,
wherein the bottom electrode of the MTJ device is electrically connected to the first metallization layer,
wherein the second via directly connects the top electrode of the MTJ device to the third metallization layer, and
wherein the height of the MTJ device exceeds the length of the first via formed in the first dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,691

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

SK Hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A method for fabricating an electronic device, comprising:forming a variable resistance element at a first temperature; and
forming a magnetic correction layer over a pinned layer at a second temperature,
wherein the second temperature is lower than the first temperature,
wherein the variable resistance element includes a free layer provided over a substrate, a pinned layer provided over the free layer, a tunnel barrier layer interposed between the free layer and the pinned layer, and
wherein the magnetic correction layer has a magnetization direction which is anti-parallel to the pinned layer,
wherein the forming of the magnetic correction layer comprises:
(a) cooling the substrate to the second temperature;
(b) forming a first layer over the cooled substrate;
(c) forming a second layer over the first layer,
(d) repeating the forming of the first layer and the forming of the second layer M number of times; and
(e) recooling the substrate to a third temperature,
wherein the third temperature is 0K-75K, inclusive, and
where M is a positive integer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,690

HYBRID-FL WITH EDGE-MODIFIED COUPLING

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A magnetic memory device, comprising:a free magnetic layer comprising:
a first magnetic material layer comprising a first magnetic anisotropy;
a second magnetic material layer comprising a second magnetic anisotropy, the second magnetic anisotropy being less than the first magnetic anisotropy; and
a coupling layer disposed between the first magnetic material layer and the second magnetic material layer, the coupling layer comprising
a center,
an edge extending between an edge of the first magnetic material layer and an edge of the second magnetic material layer,
a magnetic section extended between the center and a predetermined distance from the center, and
a non-magnetic section extended between the predetermined distance from the center and the edge of the coupling layer,
wherein the non-magnetic section has an increasing thickness from the predetermined distance to the edge of the coupling layer,
wherein the non-magnetic section fills a space defined by a bottom surface of the first magnetic material layer, a top surface of the second magnetic material layer and a side surface of the magnetic section of the coupling layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,688

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR BASED ON TOPOLOGICAL INSULATOR AND INSULATING COUPLER MATERIALS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a sensor, the method comprising:forming a first electrode region;
forming a second electrode region;
forming a detector region;
electrically coupling the detector region to the first electrode and the second electrode;
forming the detector region to include a first layer comprising a topological insulator;
the topological insulator having an insulating region in a body of the topological insulator;
the topological insulator further having a conducing path along a surface of the topological insulator, wherein a steady state condition of the topological insulator comprises the insulation region acting as an insulator and the conducting path along the surface of the topological insulator acting as a current conductor; and
forming the detector region to further include a second layer comprising a first insulating magnetic coupler;
wherein the detector region comprises a third layer comprising a second insulating magnetic coupler;
wherein a magnetic field applied to the detector region is sufficient to change the steady state condition of the topological insulator by developing energy gaps in the conducting path along the surface of the topological insulator that are sufficient to change a resistance of the conducting path.

US Pat. No. 10,170,687

SPIN TORQUE MAJORITY GATE DEVICE

IMEC vzw, Leuven (BE)

1. A majority gate device, comprising:a plurality of input zones;
an output zone; and
a magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) formed in each of the input zones and the output zone, the MTJ comprising a non-magnetic layer interposed between a free layer stack and a hard layer, the free layer stack comprising:
a bulk perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) layer on a seed layer, and
a magnetic layer formed directly on and in physical contact with the bulk PMA layer,
wherein the non-magnetic layer is formed on the magnetic layer,
wherein each of the bulk PMA layer and the seed layer serves as a common layer for each of the input zones and the output zone.

US Pat. No. 10,170,686

ELECTRIC ENERGY HARVESTER USING ULTRASONIC WAVE

1. An electric energy generator system comprising:an ultrasonic-wave emission device configured to generate an ultrasonic-wave and emit the ultrasonic-wave; and
an electric energy generator device configured to generate an electric energy upon a receipt of the emitted ultrasonic-wave,
wherein the electric energy generator device comprises:
a substrate;
an electrode on the substrate;
a first friction-charged member on the electrode;
a spacer disposed on the substrate and configured to surround the electrode and the first friction-charged member; and
a second friction-charged member disposed on the spacer to be spaced from the first friction-charged member,
wherein the second friction-charged member repeatedly contacts or is separated from the first friction-charged member, and
wherein a closed inner space is defined between the first friction-charged member and the second friction-charged member and the spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,685

PIEZOELECTRIC MEMS MICROPHONE

The Regents of The Univer...

1. A packaged microphone comprising:a microphone comprising:
a substrate; and
a transducing element having a transducer acoustic compliance, the transducing element comprising a first electrode layer, a piezoelectric layer deposited over the first electrode layer, and a second electrode layer deposited over the piezoelectric material, wherein the first electrode layer is patterned on the substrate, the piezoelectric layer is patterned on the first electrode layer, and the second electrode layer is patterned on the piezoelectric layer; and
a casing mounted to the microphone and having a back wall, wherein a space between the back wall and the transducing element at least partially defines a back cavity having a back cavity acoustic compliance, the casing dimensioned to achieve a predetermined ratio between the transducer and back cavity acoustic compliances.

US Pat. No. 10,170,684

TUNING FORK TYPE CRYSTAL BLANK, TUNING FORK TYPE CRYSTAL ELEMENT, AND CRYSTAL DEVICE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A tuning fork type crystal blank comprising:a base part,
a pair of vibrating parts which extend from the base part in parallel with each other,
an auxiliary part comprising a support part which is located at one side of the base part and the pair of vibrating parts in an alignment direction of the pair of vibrating parts and extends parallel with the pair of vibrating parts, and
a holding part which is located on the side of the base part opposite to the pair of vibrating parts and connects the base part and the support part,
wherein a cut away part is formed in a side surface of the auxiliary part when viewed in a planar view direction which is perpendicular to the alignment direction and the extension direction of the pair of vibrating parts,
wherein the auxiliary part further comprises a protruding part which protrudes from a side surface of the support part, and
wherein the cut away part is formed in a side surface of the protruding part.

US Pat. No. 10,170,683

PIEZOELECTRIC VIBRATION MODULE

MPLUS CO., LTD., Suwon-s...

1. A piezoelectric vibration module comprising:a piezoelectric device which comprises:
one or more first internal electrodes;
one or more second internal electrodes alternately formed with the first internal electrodes without crossing the one or more first internal electrodes;
a first external electrode electrically connected to the one or more first internal electrodes; and
a second external electrode electrically connected to the one or more second internal electrodes,
wherein the first external electrode and the second external electrode are only disposed on lateral surfaces of the piezoelectric device, and
wherein the first external electrode and the second external electrode are fixed to terminals of a flexible printed circuit board (FPCB) through conductive adhesives so that the first external electrode and the second external electrode are electrically connected to the terminals of the FPCB, the conductive adhesives being coated on lateral surfaces of the first external electrode and the second external electrode at corner portions where the piezoelectric device and the terminals of the FPCB intersect.

US Pat. No. 10,170,682

DIELECTRIC ELASTOMER ACTUATOR

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A dielectric elastomer actuator (DEA) comprising:an elastomeric film presenting a first side and a second side, opposing the first side;
wherein the elastomeric film includes a first section, a second section, and a transition section disposed in an axial direction, between the first section and the second section;
an electrode material layer disposed on the transition section and at least one of the first section and the second section, on each of the first side and the second side, wherein the electrode material layer is electrically conductive;
wherein the first section and the second section are restrained in a pre-stretched configuration in each of the axial direction and a lateral direction, perpendicular to the axial direction;
wherein the transition section is not restrained in a pre-stretched configuration in the axial direction and is partially restrained in a pre-stretched configuration in the lateral direction as a function of the restraint of the first section and the second section in the pre-stretched configuration;
wherein the transition section is configured to elongate in the axial direction in response to the application of a voltage to the electrode material layers, such that the first section and the second section move away from one another, in the axial direction; and
wherein the transition section is configured to contract in the axial direction in an absence of a voltage applied to the electrode material layers, such that the first section and the second section move toward one another, in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,170,681

LASER ANNEALING OF QUBITS WITH STRUCTURED ILLUMINATION

International Business Ma...

1. A method for forming a qubit, the method comprising:forming a Josephson junction between two capacitive plates; and
annealing the Josephson junction with a thermal source, wherein the thermal source is a laser that generates a Gaussian beam, wherein an axicon lens is exposed to the Gaussian beam, and wherein annealing the Josephson junction alters a resistance of the Josephson junction.

US Pat. No. 10,170,680

QUBITS BY SELECTIVE LASER-MODULATED DEPOSITION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

17. A qubit device, comprising:a Josephson junction; and
a shunt capacitor coupled to the Josephson junction, the shunt capacitor including a shape modified, post-production, to adjust a qubit characteristic for the qubit device.

US Pat. No. 10,170,679

JOSEPHSON JUNCTION WITH SPACER

International Business Ma...

1. A circuit configured to act as a Josephson junction, comprising:a junction stack on a substrate, the junction stack including:
a portion of a first superconductor electrode;
an interface layer on a top side of the first superconductor electrode and configured to act as a tunneling barrier for the junction stack;
a first portion of a second superconductor electrode on top of the interface layer; and
a spacer separating the portion of the first superconductor electrode from a second portion of the second superconductor electrode that is outside the junction stack, the second portion of the second superconductor electrode contacting the substrate on at least two sides of the spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,678

THERMOMECHANICAL CYCLE FOR THERMAL AND/OR MECHANICAL ENERGY CONVERSION USING PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method for generating electrical energy, comprising:(a) increasing an electric field applied to a piezoelectric component from EL to EH, maintaining a temperature of the piezoelectric component at TC, and maintaining a mechanical stress applied to the piezoelectric component at ?L;
(b) increasing the mechanical stress applied to the piezoelectric component from ?L to ?H, increasing the temperature of the piezoelectric component from TC to TH, and maintaining the electric field applied to the piezoelectric component at EH;
(c) decreasing the electric field applied to the piezoelectric component from EH to EL, maintaining the temperature of the piezoelectric component at TH, and maintaining the mechanical stress applied to the piezoelectric component at ?H;
(d) decreasing the mechanical stress applied to the piezoelectric component from ?H to ?L, decreasing the temperature of the piezoelectric component from TH to TC, and maintaining the electric field applied to the piezoelectric component at EL; and
repeatedly cycling through operations (a)-(d).

US Pat. No. 10,170,677

THERMOELECTRIC GENERATOR SYSTEM

Panasonic Corporation, O...

1. A thermoelectric generator system comprising a plurality of thermoelectric generator units including first and second thermoelectric generator units, each of which includes a plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators,wherein each of the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators has an outer peripheral surface, an inner peripheral surface and a flow path defined by the inner peripheral surface, and generates electromotive force in an axial direction of each said tubular thermoelectric generator based on a difference in temperature between the inner and outer peripheral surfaces,
each of the first and second thermoelectric generator units further includes:
a container housing the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators inside, the container having fluid inlet and outlet ports through which a fluid flows inside the container, and a plurality of openings into which the respective tubular thermoelectric generators are inserted;
a fluid conduit connected between the fluid outlet port of the container of the first thermoelectric generator unit and the fluid inlet port of the container of the second thermoelectric generator unit, through which fluid from the first thermoelectric generator unit is communicated into the second thermoelectric generator unit which is downstream of the first thermoelectric generator unit,
wherein the fluid conduit defines a first medium path communicating with the fluid inlet and outlet ports of the container in the first thermoelectric generator unit and the fluid inlet and outlet ports of the container in the second thermoelectric generator unit; and
a plurality of electrically conductive members providing electrical interconnection for the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators, and the thermoelectric generator system further includes a buffer vessel which is arranged between the first and second thermoelectric generator units, the buffer vessel having a first opening communicating with the respective flow paths of the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators in the first thermoelectric generator unit and a second opening communicating with the respective flow paths of the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators in the second thermoelectric generator unit,
wherein the buffer vessel defines a second medium path between the respective flow paths of the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators in the first thermoelectric generator unit and the respective flow paths of the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators in the second thermoelectric generator unit,
wherein in the second medium path, fluid flows downstream from inside the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators in the first thermoelectric generator unit through the buffer vessel and to inside the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators in the second thermoelectric generator unit, and
wherein in the first medium path, fluid flows downstream from an area inside the container of the first thermoelectric generator unit that is outside the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators in the first thermoelectric generator unit, through the fluid conduit outside of the container of the first thermoelectric generator unit, and to an area that is inside the container of the second thermoelectric generator unit and outside the plurality of tubular thermoelectric generators in the second thermoelectric generator unit.

US Pat. No. 10,170,676

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGE AND LIGHTING APPARATUS HAVING SAME

LG Innotek Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A light emitting device package, comprising:a first lead frame;
a second lead frame spaced apart from the first lead frame;
a body on the first lead frame and the second lead frame;
a light emitting device disposed on the first lead frame;
a protection device disposed on the second lead frame; and
a reflection molding portion on the protective device,
wherein the body includes a first cavity which exposes a first portion of an upper surface of the first lead frame,
wherein the first light emitting device is disposed in the first cavity,
wherein the first cavity includes a first inside surface and a second inside surface facing to each other, and a third inside surface and a fourth inside surface facing to each other,
wherein the third inside surface and the fourth inside surface are connected to the first inside surface,
wherein the reflection molding portion is disposed on the first inside surface,
wherein a portion of the reflection molding portion extends to the upper surface of the first lead frame,
wherein a first boundary part of the reflection molding portion is located between the first inside surface of the first cavity and a first end of the reflection molding portion,
wherein a second boundary part of the reflection molding portion is located between the fourth inside surface of the first cavity and a second end of the reflection molding portion,
wherein a third boundary part of the reflection molding portion is connected between the first boundary part and the second boundary part, and
wherein an area of the first portion exposed to the first cavity in the upper surface of the first lead frame is equal to or less than 40% of entire area of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,170,674

LED DEVICE

Citizen Watch Co., Ltd., ...

1. An LED device comprising:one or more LED dies which have a first electrode and a second electrode;
a submount substrate having a top surface on which the one or more LED dies are mounted and a bottom surface;
a frame-shaped electrode that is arranged along the periphery of the bottom surface of the submount substrate, and electrically connected to the first electrode or electrically connected to neither the first electrode nor the second electrode; and
one or more inside electrodes that are surrounded by the frame-shaped electrode and which are connected to at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein
the shape of the bottom surface of the submount substrate is rectangular,
the frame-shaped electrode is arranged along only a first side of the bottom surface of the substrate, a second side of the bottom surface of the substrate in a direction perpendicular to the first side of the bottom surface of the substrate, and a third side of the bottom surface of the substrate in the direction parallel to the first side of the bottom surface of the submount substrate, and the frame-shaped electrode has a first portion arranged along the first side of the bottom surface of the substrate, a second portion arranged along the second side of the bottom surface of the substrate, a third portion arranged along the third side, and is not arranged along the fourth side of the bottom surface of the submount substrate in the direction parallel to the second side of the bottom surface of the substrate, and
both ends of the first portion and third portion of the frame-shaped electrode facing the fourth side of the bottom surface of the substrate touch the fourth side of the bottom surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,170,673

LED PACKAGE STRUCTURE AND MULTILAYER CIRCUIT BOARD

LITE-ON OPTOTECHNOLOGY (C...

1. An LED package structure, comprising:a multilayer circuit board, comprising:
a conductive layer having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, a mounting region of the conductive layer being arranged on the first surface;
a first resin layer disposed on the first surface and having a first opening, the first opening exposing the mounting region of the conductive layer; and
a first circuit layer disposed on the first resin layer and having a first electrode and a second electrode separated from the first electrode, the first electrode having a second opening, the second opening exposing the mounting region of the conductive layer;
an LED chip passing through the second opening of the first circuit layer and the first opening of the first resin layer to mount on the mounting region of the conductive layer, the LED chip being electrically connected to the second electrode of the first circuit layer by wire bonding; and
a cover disposed on the first resin layer and covering the LED chip and the first circuit layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,672

OPTICAL ELEMENT AND OPTOELECTRONIC COMPONENT

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors...

1. An optical element comprising a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface,wherein the first surface is subdivided into two or more segments,
each segment adjoins a midpoint of the first surface,
each segment has a tooth structure forming a total internal reflection lens and having projections extending along tooth extension directions, and
the tooth extension directions have bends at boundaries between the segments,
wherein the projections contained in the tooth structures of two adjacent segments continue continuously at the boundary between the segments,
the optical element comprises a frame enclosing the first surface, and
the frame defines a cavity, the bottom of the cavity formed by a base section of the optical element.

US Pat. No. 10,170,671

METHODS OF FILLING A FLOWABLE MATERIAL IN A GAP OF AN ASSEMBLY MODULE

1. A method to fill an flowable material into a gap region in a semiconductor assembly module comprising:forming multiple semiconductor units on a substrate to create an array module;
attaching the array module to a backplane having circuitry to form the semiconductor assembly module having multiple gap regions inside the semiconductor assembly module and edge gap regions surround an edge of the semiconductor assembly module;
dispensing a flowable material on an edge of the semiconductor assembly module;
providing a high acting pressure environment to force the flowable material into the semiconductor assembly module gap regions;
creating voids in the gap region of the semiconductor assembly module by reducing the high acting pressure and;
applying heat or a photon energy to harden the flowable material to retain the harden flowable material and the voids in the gap regions.

US Pat. No. 10,170,670

WAVELENGTH CONVERTING MATERIAL FOR A LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

Lumileds Holding B.V., S...

1. A device comprising:a wavelength converting material comprising:
a cubic crystal structure;
an Eu2+ dopant;
cubic coordination of at least one Eu2+ dopant site by X[2] (X?N, O) atoms;
star-shaped Y(SiX4)4 (Y?C, N) host lattice building blocks;
AE, where AE=Ca, Sr, Ba; and
RE, where RE=Y, Lu, La, Sc.

US Pat. No. 10,170,669

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a resin package comprising:
a plurality of leads that includes:
a first lead having an upper surface, and
a second lead having an upper surface, and
a resin body that includes:
a first resin portion having at least one inner lateral wall surface,
a second resin portion,
a third resin portion disposed between the first lead and the second lead and having an upper surface, and
a resin connection portion,
the plurality of leads and the at least one inner lateral wall surface of the first resin portion defining a recess,
the upper surface of the first lead, the upper surface of the second lead and the upper surface of the third resin portion located at a bottom of the recess,
at the bottom of the recess, the second resin portion being in contact with a portion of the upper surface of the third resin portion and surrounding an element mounting region, and
the resin connection portion connecting the first resin portion and the second resin portion at the bottom of the recess;
at least one light emitting element disposed on the element mounting region at the bottom of the recess of the resin package; and
a light-reflective member disposed between the inner lateral wall surface and the second resin portion in the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,170,668

SOLID STATE LIGHTING DEVICES WITH IMPROVED CURRENT SPREADING AND LIGHT EXTRACTION AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A solid state lighting (SSL) device, comprising:a solid state emitter (SSE) having a first semiconductor material, a second semiconductor material spaced apart from the first semiconductor material, and an active region between the first and second semiconductor materials, wherein the second semiconductor material has an emission surface;
a first contact on the first semiconductor material;
a second contact on the second semiconductor material and opposite to the first contact, the second contact having a plurality of interconnected conductive fingers; and
an insulative feature extending from the first contact at least partially into the first semiconductor material, the insulative feature having a plurality of interconnected insulative fingers, wherein the insulative feature comprises a transparent dielectric material having a backside;
the SSL device further comprises a reflective material at the backside of the transparent dielectric material;
each conductive finger is superimposed over a corresponding insulative fingers;
the SSE comprises non-contact areas outboard the area beneath the second contact; and
the insulative feature is configured to: (a) eliminate a direct current path orthogonal to the emission surface between the first and second contacts and (b) increase current spreading in the non-contact areas.

US Pat. No. 10,170,667

SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL DEVICE

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A semiconductor optical device having a multilayer structure including a first compound semiconductor layer having a first conductivity type, an active layer, and a second compound semiconductor layer having a second conductivity type different from the first conductivity type,wherein a first electrode is formed on the first compound semiconductor layer through a contact layer,
wherein the contact layer has a thickness of four or less atomic layers, and
wherein when an interface between the contact layer and the first compound semiconductor layer is an xy-plane, a lattice constant along an x-axis of crystals constituting an interface layer which is a part of the first compound semiconductor layer in contact with the contact layer is x1, a lattice constant along a z-axis is z1, a length along the x-axis in one unit of crystals constituting the contact layer is xc?, and a length along the z-axis is zc?,
(zc?/xc?)>(z1/x1)is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 10,170,666

LED LIGHT SOURCE MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A light-emitting diode (LED) light source module comprising a light emitting stacked body, the light emitting stacked body comprising:a base insulating layer;
a first light emitting layer, a second light emitting layer, a third light emitting layer sequentially stacked on the base insulating layer, and configured to emit light having different wavelengths, each of the first light emitting layer, the second light emitting layer, and the third light emitting layer comprising a first conductivity-type semiconductor layer, a second conductivity-type semiconductor layer, and an active layer disposed between the first conductivity-type semiconductor layer and the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a first interlayer insulating layer disposed between the first light emitting layer and the second light emitting layer; and
a second interlayer insulating layer disposed between the second light emitting layer and the third light emitting layer,
wherein the light emitting stacked body is divided into pixel regions defined by a partition structure passing through the first light emitting layer, the second light emitting layer, the third light emitting layer, the first interlayer insulating layer, and the second interlayer insulating layer, and
each of the pixel regions comprises:
a common electrode passing through the base insulating layer, the first light emitting layer, the second light emitting layer, the first interlayer insulating layer, and the second interlayer insulating layer, and connected to the first conductivity-type semiconductor layer of each of the first light emitting layer, the second light emitting layer, and the third light emitting layer;
a first individual electrode passing through the base insulating layer, and connected to the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer of the first light emitting layer;
a second individual electrode passing through the base insulating layer, the first light emitting layer, and the first interlayer insulating layer, and connected to the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer of the second light emitting layer; and
a third individual electrode passing through the base insulating layer, the first light emitting layer, the second light emitting layer, the first interlayer insulating layer, and the second interlayer insulating layer, and connected to the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer of the third light emitting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,665

REPAIRING METHOD, MANUFACTURING METHOD, DEVICE AND ELECTRONICS APPARATUS OF MICRO-LED

Goertek.Inc, Weifang (CN...

1. A method for repairing a micro-LED, comprising:binging a conductive pick-up head into contact with a known-good micro-LED on a carrier substrate via a conductive adhesive;
locally joule heating a second bonding layer through the conductive pick-up head, to melt the second bonding layer, wherein the second bonding layer is provided between the known-good micro-LED and the carrier substrate; and
picking up the known-good micro-LED using the conductive pick-up head;
bringing the known-good micro-LED on the conductive pick-up head into contact with a first pad on an defective position of a receiving substrate, wherein the conductive pick-up head and the known-good micro-LED are bonded via the conductive adhesive;
locally joule heating a first bonding layer through the conductive pick-up head, to melt the first bonding layer, wherein the first bonding layer is provided between the known-good micro-LED and the first pad; and
lifting up the conductive pick-up head after the first bonding layer is cooled, leaving the known-good micro-LED on the receiving substrate,
wherein the adhesion force of the conductive adhesive is larger than the surface tension when the bonding layers are melted and is lower than the bonding strength when the bonding layers are cooled.

US Pat. No. 10,170,664

SURFACE MOUNT EMISSIVE ELEMENTS

eLux, Inc., Vancouver, W...

1. A surface mount light emitting diode (SMLED) comprising:a top surface;
a bottom comprising a globally flat planar surface;
a first electrical contact formed exclusively on the top surface and configured as a ring;
a second electrical contact formed exclusively on the top surface within a first electrical contact ring perimeter;
a single post connected to and extending from the bottom surface
a first semiconductor layer, with a dopant selected from a first group consisting of an n-dopant or a p-dopant;
a second semiconductor layer, with the unselected dopant from the first group;
a multiple quantum well (MQW) layer interposed between the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer;
wherein the first semiconductor layer and MQW layer are a stack underlying the first electrical contact, in the shape of a ring; and,
wherein the second semiconductor layer has a disk shape with a center portion underlying the second electrical contact.

US Pat. No. 10,170,663

SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A semiconductor light emitting device package, comprising:a light emitting structure including a first conductivity-type semiconductor layer, an active layer, and a second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a plurality of bumps disposed on a first surface of the light emitting structure and electrically connected to the first or the second conductivity-type semiconductor layer;
a reflective layer disposed on the first surface of the light emitting structure, disposed on at least a portion of side surfaces of the light emitting structure, and disposed on at least a portion of bump side surfaces of the plurality of bumps;
a wavelength conversion layer disposed on a second surface of the light emitting structure opposite the first surface of the light emitting structure; and
a light transmissive substrate disposed on the wavelength conversion layer,
wherein each of the side surfaces of the light emitting structure is in contact with the reflective layer and the wavelength conversion layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,662

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CIRCUIT BOARD, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, AND LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A method for manufacturing a circuit board comprising:a first process;
a second process;
a third process;
a fourth process; and
a fifth process,
wherein the first process comprises a step of providing a circuit and an electrode on a first surface of a first substrate,
wherein the second process comprises a step of providing a reflective layer on the first surface side of the first substrate or a second surface side of a second substrate,
wherein the third process comprises a step of attaching the first surface and the second surface to each other with a bonding layer therebetween to face each other so that the reflective layer overlaps with the electrode and the reflective layer surrounds part of the electrode,
wherein the fourth process comprises a step of irradiating at least part of the reflective layer with laser light from a side opposite to the electrode such that a periphery of a region of the first substrate is irradiated with laser light or a periphery of a region of the second substrate is irradiated with laser light, and
wherein the fifth process comprises a step of removing at least the region of the first substrate or at least the region of the second substrate by pulling the region of the first substrate or the region of the second substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,170,661

INTEGRATED PHOTODETECTOR WAVEGUIDE STRUCTURE WITH ALIGNMENT TOLERANCE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:forming a waveguide structure; and
forming a photodetector fully landed on the waveguide structure,
wherein the forming the photodetector comprises:
forming a dielectric material directly on a planar top surface of the waveguide structure;
forming a polycrystalline material directly on a top surface of the dielectric material;
forming an upper hardmask material directly on a top surface and sidewalls of the polycrystalline material, wherein the upper hardmask material and the dielectric material are a same material which form an encapsulating material directly contacting a lower surface, the top surface and the sidewalls of polycrystalline material and which fully encapsulates and fully seals the photodetector; and
crystallizing the polycrystalline material through an annealing process,
wherein the upper hardmask material and the dielectric material are both oxide material or nitride material directly on a bottom surface, the top surface and the sidewalls of the polycrystalline material.

US Pat. No. 10,170,660

DIGITAL ALLOY GERMANIUM HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELL

International Business Ma...

1. A photovoltaic device, comprising:a digital alloy buffer layer including a plurality of alternating layers of semiconductor material, wherein the digital alloy buffer layer includes a mass variance adjusted by isotropic enrichment in the digital alloy buffer layer to increase thermal conductivity of the digital alloy buffer layer;
an absorption layer epitaxially grown directly on the digital alloy buffer layer;
an intrinsic layer formed on the absorption layer;
a doped layer formed on the intrinsic layer; and
a metal contact formed on the doped layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,659

MONOLITHICALLY INTEGRATED THIN-FILM ELECTRONIC CONVERSION UNIT FOR LATERAL MULTIJUNCTION THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS

International Business Ma...

1. An integrated thin-film lateral multi junction solar device, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of stacks extending vertically from the substrate, each stack comprising layers, wherein each stack is electrically isolated against another stack, each stack comprising:
an energy storage device above the substrate;
a solar cell above the energy storage device,
a transparent medium above the solar cell, and
a micro-optic layer of spectrally dispersive and concentrating optical devices above the transparent medium, wherein the micro-optic layer is a combination of refractive and/or diffractive optical elements;
a first power converter connected between the energy storage device and a power bus; and
a second power converter connected between the solar cell and the power bus,
wherein different solar cells of different stacks have different absorption characteristics, and
wherein the different absorption characteristics of the different solar cells are based on different energy band-gaps of semiconductors building the solar cell.

US Pat. No. 10,170,658

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE STRUCTURES AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

ADVANCED SEMICONDUCTOR EN...

1. An optical device comprising:a substrate having a top surface;
a plurality of traces disposed on the top surface of the substrate;
a light emitter having an emitting area, the light emitter attached to the top surface of the substrate and electrically connected to at least one of the traces, the emitting area facing the substrate, the light emitter configured to emit light within a range of wavelengths and the substrate configured to pass light within the range of wavelengths;
a light detector having a light receiving area, the light detector attached to the top surface of the substrate and electrically connected to at least one of the traces, the receiving area facing the substrate, wherein the light emitter and the light detector are disposed on a same side of the substrate;
a conductive structure disposed on the top surface of the substrate and electrically connected to at least one of the traces; and
an opaque material disposed on the substrate, the opaque material configured to absorb or attenuate the light within the range of wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,170,657

SOLAR CELL HAVING AN EMITTER REGION WITH WIDE BANDGAP SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL

SunPower Corporation, Sa...

1. A solar cell, comprising:a single crystalline silicon substrate;
a doped amorphous silicon layer disposed directly on a thin oxide layer disposed on a surface of the single crystalline silicon substrate, wherein the doped amorphous silicon layer is an emitter region sufficiently thin to minimize optical absorption, and wherein the doped amorphous silicon layer is doped throughout an entirety of the doped amorphous silicon layer; and
a conductive contact disposed directly on, and conductively coupled to, the doped amorphous silicon layer, wherein the conductive contact has a metallic material in direct contact with the doped amorphous silicon layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,656

INVERTED METAMORPHIC MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELL WITH A SINGLE METAMORPHIC LAYER

SolAero Technologies Corp...

1. A multijunction solar cell comprising:a first sequence of layers of semiconductor material forming a first set of one or more solar subcells;
a first threading dislocation inhibition layer adjacent to said first sequence of layers;
a graded interlayer directly adjacent to said first threading dislocation inhibition layer, said graded interlayer being composed of (InxGa1-x)yAl1-yAs, wherein 0 a second sequence of layers of semiconductor material forming a second set of one or more solar subcells, the second sequence of layers being disposed on a side of the graded interlayer opposite a side on which the first sequence of layers is disposed;
wherein the graded interlayer is compositionally graded to lattice match a closest solar subcell of the first set on one side of the graded interlayer and to lattice match a closest solar subcell of the second set on a second opposite side of the graded interlayer;
the multijunction solar cell further comprising a high band gap contact layer adjacent said second sequence of layers, wherein the high band gap contact layer is composed of p++ type InGaAlAs.

US Pat. No. 10,170,655

ENERGY HARVESTING DEVICE WITH PREFABRICATED THIN FILM ENERGY ABSORPTION SHEETS AND ROLL-TO-SHEET AND ROLL-TO-ROLL FABRICATION THEREOF

International Business Ma...

1. A roll-to-sheet method for fabricating energy harvesting devices comprising:unrolling a plurality of prefabricated thin film energy absorption sheets from a plurality of corresponding rolls of the prefabricated thin film energy absorption sheets into which the prefabricated thin film energy absorption sheets have been wound;
laminating the prefabricated thin film energy absorption sheets together after unrolling, resulting in more than one of the prefabricated thin film energy absorption sheets being laminated together;
after lamination, drilling a plurality of vias through the prefabricated thin film energy absorption sheets that have been laminated together;
filling the vias with a conductive material; and
dividing the thin film sheets into the energy harvesting devices after drilling and filling the vias,
wherein the prefabricated thin film energy absorption sheets absorb electromagnetic energy.

US Pat. No. 10,170,654

SOLAR POWERED DEVICE WITH SCALABLE SIZE AND POWER CAPACITY

SAGE ELECTROCHROMICS, INC...

1. A photovoltaic assembly, comprising:an insulated glazing unit including a variably transmissive glazing;
a photovoltaic module attached to an outermost surface of the insulated glazing unit and electrically coupled to the variably transmissive glazing, the photovoltaic module extending between a first end of the insulated glazing unit and an opposing second end of the insulated glazing unit, wherein the photovoltaic module has a length smaller than a distance between the first and second ends of the insulated glazing unit;
a trim proposed between an end of the photovoltaic module and one of the first and second ends of the insulated glazing unit; and
a control module attached to an interior face portion of the insulated glazing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,170,653

TUNNELING BARRIER INFRARED DETECTOR DEVICES

L3 CINCINNATI ELECTRONICS...

1. An infrared detector device comprising:a first contact layer;
an absorber layer adjacent to the first contact layer, wherein the absorber layer is doped p-type;
a hole barrier layer adjacent to the absorber layer, wherein:
a bandgap of the hole barrier layer is greater than a bandgap of the absorber layer; and
the hole barrier layer comprises a p-n junction;
an n++ layer adjacent the hole barrier layer, wherein a thickness of the n++ layer is less than a thickness of the hole barrier layer;
a barrier layer adjacent to the n++ layer, wherein the barrier layer is doped p++ and a valance band offset within the barrier layer is higher than a conduction band offset within the n++ layer; and
a second contact layer adjacent to the barrier layer, wherein the second contact layer is doped p+.

US Pat. No. 10,170,652

METAMORPHIC SOLAR CELL HAVING IMPROVED CURRENT GENERATION

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A lattice mismatched metamorphic semiconductor device having at least one subcell, the at least one subcell comprising:a base layer;
an emitter layer in electrical connectivity with the base layer, wherein the base layer and emitter layer form a p-n junction in a photovoltaic cell or other optoelectronic device;
a low bandgap absorber region disposed in either or both of the base layer and emitter layer, wherein the low bandgap absorber region has a higher photogeneration and a lower bandgap than surrounding semiconductor layers;
wherein the low bandgap absorber region forms tensile and compressive regions having alternating smaller and larger lattice constants than that of an average lattice constant of the lattice mismatched metamorphic semiconductor device;
wherein the low bandgap absorber region does not form a quantum well,
wherein the subcell further comprises one or more small-lattice-constant strain-compensation regions adjacent to the low bandgap absorber region, wherein a lattice constant of the one or more strain compensation regions is less than the lattice constant of the low bandgap absorber region, wherein strain in the low bandgap absorber region is balanced by strain in the opposite direction by the strain compensation regions, the strain compensation regions having a larger bandgap than the low bandgap absorber region,
wherein the low bandgap absorber region comprises: a 1-dimensional geometric configuration comprising one or more of a linear feature, a curved line, a plurality of discontinuous line-like features, or combinations thereof and wherein the strain compensation regions having a larger bandgap than the low bandgap absorber region encapsulating the 1-dimensional geometric configurations.

US Pat. No. 10,170,650

VERTICALLY STACKED PHOTOVOLTAIC AND THERMAL SOLAR CELL

UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON SYS...

1. A photovoltaic device adapted for receiving incident light, comprising:a plurality of photovoltaic cells, wherein each of the plurality of photovoltaic cells comprises:
a first conductive layer,
a photoactive layer adjacent the first conductive layer, wherein the photoactive layer comprises an organic material,
a second conductive layer adjacent the photoactive layer,
a substrate adjacent to one of the first conductive layer or second conductive layer,
a first planar interface is formed between the first conductive layer and the photoactive layer, and a second planar interface is formed between the photoactive layer and the second conductive layer;
wherein each layer of the plurality of photovoltaic cells has an upper surface and a lower surface, the lower surface is opposite to the upper surface, and each layer of the plurality of photovoltaic cells are stacked parallel to each other in a stacking direction;
wherein a first top end of the plurality of photovoltaic cells nearer the incident light for receiving the incident light is a first plane formed by the upper surface of each of the first conductive layer, the photoactive layer, the second conductive layer, and the substrate of the plurality of photovoltaic cells, and a second bottom end of the plurality of photovoltaic cells is a second plane formed by the lower surface of each of the first conductive layer, the photoactive layer, and the second conductive layer of the plurality of photovoltaic cells;
wherein the first planar interface and the second planar interface of each of the plurality of photovoltaic cells are oriented perpendicular to both the first plane of the first top end and the second plane of the second bottom end of the plurality of photovoltaic cells;
wherein the first top end of the plurality of photovoltaic cells is spaced apart and parallel to the second bottom end of the plurality of photovoltaic cells in a vertical direction perpendicular to the stacking direction;
wherein a channel runs through the substrate and is oriented to extend perpendicular to both the stacking direction and the vertical direction; and
a reflective surface in contact with the second bottom end of the plurality of photovoltaic cells.

US Pat. No. 10,170,648

SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTAL, AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A nanocrystal comprising:a core consisting of a Group III element, P, and a Group II element; and
a shell overcoating the core and comprising ZnSeS multi-layers consisting of Zn, Se, and S, wherein a single monolayer directly disposed on a surface of the core in the shell comprises a compound of the formula ZnSexS(1-x),
wherein an average ratio of x:(1?x) in the single monolayer ranges from about 5:1 to about 20:1,
wherein the shell further comprises at least two additional single monolayers each comprising a compound of the formula ZnSeyS(1-y), wherein 0 wherein the at least two additional single monolayers have a Se:S concentration ratio gradient between the at least two additional single monolayers,
wherein the Se:S concentration ratio gradient comprises an increasing concentration of Se and a decreasing concentration of S in a direction from the core to a predetermined single monolayer; and a decreasing concentration of Se and an increasing concentration of S in a direction from the predetermined single monolayer to an outermost single monolayer, wherein the predetermined single monolayer is located between the single monolayer directly disposed on the surface of the core and the outermost single monolayer, and
wherein the nanocrystal has a luminous efficiency “QY” of greater than 70 percent.

US Pat. No. 10,170,647

SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A solar cell module comprising:a semiconductor substrate;
a plurality of first electrodes and a plurality of second electrodes which are formed to be separated from each other on a back surface of the semiconductor substrate;
an insulating member including a first auxiliary electrode connected to the plurality of first electrodes and a second auxiliary electrode connected to the plurality of second electrodes; and
an interconnector connected to the first auxiliary electrode and the second auxiliary electrode for connecting adjacent two solar cells of a plurality of solar cells;
wherein the plurality of first electrodes and the first auxiliary electrode are connected to each other using a conductive adhesive including a resin layer and conductive metal particles distributed in the resin layer, and the plurality of second electrodes and the second auxiliary electrode are connected to each other using the conductive adhesive,
wherein the plurality of first and second electrodes are insulated from each other through an insulating layer, or the first and second auxiliary electrodes are insulated from each other through the insulating layer, and the insulating layer bonds the insulating member to the semiconductor substrate,
wherein the resin layer included in the conductive adhesive and the insulating layer contain the same resin material,
wherein the insulating layer includes light reflection particles to reflect incident light, and
wherein the interconnector is positioned between two semiconductor substrates of the adjacent two solar cells and is not overlapped with the two semiconductor substrates when viewed from a direction perpendicular to a major surface of the two semiconductor substrates and the interconnector further has a non-overlapped portion that is not overlapped with the insulating member.

US Pat. No. 10,170,646

SOLAR CELL MODULE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A solar cell module comprising:a plurality of solar cells each including a semiconductor substrate, an emitter region forming a p-n junction along with the semiconductor substrate, a first electrode connected to the emitter region, and a second electrode connected to a back surface of the semiconductor substrate; and
a plurality of wiring members connected to the first electrode or the second electrode of each solar cell and configured to electrically connect the plurality of solar cells in series,
wherein a number of the plurality of wiring members connected to the first electrode or the second electrode of each solar cell is 6 to 30, and the plurality of wiring members have a circular cross-section,
wherein each first electrode includes:
a plurality of front fingers configured to extend in one direction in parallel with one another;
a plurality of pads formed at crossings of the plurality of front fingers and the plurality of wiring members; and
a plurality of connection electrodes configured to connect the plurality of pads in a direction crossing the plurality of front fingers,
wherein a length of each of the plurality of pads in a length direction of the plurality of front fingers is more than a line width of the plurality of wiring members, and a width of each of the plurality of pads in a length direction of the plurality of wiring members is more than a line width of the plurality of front fingers,
wherein a number of the plurality of pads connected to any one of the plurality of wiring members is smaller than a number of the plurality of front fingers connected to the any one of the plurality of wiring members,
wherein each connection electrode has a width smaller than the line width of the plurality of wiring members, and
wherein each connection electrode and each wiring member are parallel so that each wiring member respectively covers each connection electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,170,645

ORGANIC VEHICLE FOR ELECTROCONDUCTIVE PASTE

1. An electroconductive paste for use in solar cell technology comprising:about 60-90 wt % of metallic particles comprising silver, based upon total weight of the electroconductive paste;
about 1-10 wt % glass frit, based upon total weight of the electroconductive paste; and
about 1-20 wt % of an organic vehicle, based upon total weight of the electroconductive paste, the organic vehicle comprising:
about 1-10 wt % of a polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) binder, based upon total weight of the organic vehicle,
about 1-20 wt % of a surfactant, based upon total weight of the organic vehicle,
about 50-70 wt % of an organic solvent comprising terpineol, based upon total weight of the organic vehicle, and
about 1-10 wt % ethyl cellulose, based upon total weight of the organic vehicle,
wherein the electroconductive paste is suitable for screen printing onto a substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,170,644

PROCESSES FOR UNIFORM METAL SEMICONDUCTOR ALLOY FORMATION FOR FRONT SIDE CONTACT METALLIZATION AND PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE FORMED THEREFROM

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A photovoltaic device comprising:a semiconductor substrate including a p-n junction with a p-type semiconductor portion and an n-type semiconductor portion one lying on top of the other, wherein an upper exposed surface of the semiconductor substrate represents a front side surface of the semiconductor substrate;
a plurality of patterned antireflective coatings on the front side surface of the semiconductor substrate to provide a grid pattern including a busbar region located between finger regions, wherein the busbar region comprises at least a real line interposed between at least two dummy lines, and wherein the finger regions each comprise at least a real line located between at least two dummy lines; and
a material stack comprising at least one metal layer located on the semiconductor substrate in the busbar region and the finger regions.

US Pat. No. 10,170,643

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING BARRIER FILM WITH ENHANCED MOISTURE RESISTANCE AND BARRIER FILM MANUFACTURED BY THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of manufacturing a barrier film with improved moisture resistance comprising:(a) forming an oxide thin film on a substrate by deposition; and
(b) high-pressure thermal treating the oxide thin film using gas at a temperature of from about 50 to 500° C. and at a pressure of from about 20 to 50 atm, wherein the high-pressure thermal treatment of step (b) is carried out from about 30 minutes to 3 hours,
wherein the oxide thin film is formed by sequentially depositing SiO2 and ZrO2 on the substrate by sputtering deposition.

US Pat. No. 10,170,642

SOLAR CELLS WITH IMPROVED LIFETIME, PASSIVATION AND/OR EFFICIENCY

SunPower Corporation, Sa...

1. A solar cell, the solar cell having a front side which faces the sun during normal operation and a back side opposite the front side, the solar cell comprising:a dielectric region over a silicon substrate, wherein a portion of the silicon substrate has a dopant concentration of approximately less than or equal to 2×1018 cm?3, wherein the first emitter region is a N-type doped polysilicon region;
a first emitter region having metal impurities formed over the dielectric region; and
a first metal contact formed over the first emitter region;
a second emitter region having metal impurities formed over the dielectric emitter region, wherein the second emitter region is formed at least partially over the first emitter region, and wherein the first and second emitter regions are formed on a same side of the solar cell; and
a second metal contact formed over the second emitter region, wherein the second emitter region is a P-type doped polysilicon region.

US Pat. No. 10,170,641

VERTICAL PIN DIODE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A vertical positive-intrinsic-negative (pin) diode comprising:a semiconductor substrate in which a P-type region, an intrinsic region, and an N-type region are formed therein to be sequentially disposed in a vertical direction;
a first electrode formed on one surface of the semiconductor substrate to be in electrical contact with the P-type region;
a second electrode formed on another surface of the semiconductor substrate to be in electrical contact with the N-type region;
a first waveguide layer formed of a metallic material on the one surface of the semiconductor substrate; and
a second waveguide layer formed of a metallic material on the other surface of the semiconductor substrate,
wherein the P-type region and the N-type region are respectively disposed in an upper portion and a lower portion of the semiconductor substrate to be opposite to each other, and
wherein the first waveguide layer and the second waveguide layer are layers for guiding radio waves in predetermined direction.

US Pat. No. 10,170,640

FINFET TRANSISTOR GATE AND EPITAXY FORMATION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for forming a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming a semiconductor fin on a substrate;
forming a buffer layer on a surface of the substrate and adjacent to the semiconductor fin;
forming a semiconducting layer on the buffer layer to define a fin height of the semiconductor fin; and
replacing the buffer layer with a dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,170,639

3D MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A vertical memory comprising:a stack of memory cells, each cell of the stack extending between two respective vertically spaced dielectric tiers, each cell comprising:
a control gate having a vertical surface;
a charge storage structure having a vertical surface facing the vertical surface of the control gate;
a barrier film between the charge storage structure and the control gate, the barrier film having a first vertical surface facing the vertical surface of the control gate and a second vertical surface opposite the first vertical surface and facing the vertical surface of the charge storage structure, wherein the barrier film is situated entirely within a horizontal dimension between the vertical surface of the control gate and the vertical surface of the charge storage structure;
a first dielectric extending between the first vertical surface of the barrier film and the charge storage structure; and
a second dielectric extending between the first vertical surface of the barrier film and the control gate, wherein at least one of the first dielectric and the second dielectric further extends between the charge storage structure and the two respective vertically spaced dielectric tiers, and wherein at least one of the first dielectric and the second dielectric further extends between the barrier film and the two respective vertically spaced dielectric tiers.

US Pat. No. 10,170,638

NANOSHEET SUBSTRATE ISOLATED SOURCE/DRAIN EPITAXY BY DUAL BOTTOM SPACER

International Business Ma...

1. A semiconductor structure comprising:a plurality of stacked and suspended semiconductor channel material nanosheets located above a semiconductor substrate;
a functional gate structure surrounding a portion of each semiconductor channel material nanosheet of the plurality of stacked and suspended semiconductor channel material nanosheets;
a source/drain (S/D) region on each side of the functional gate structure and physically contacting sidewalls of each semiconductor channel material nanosheet of the plurality of stacked and suspended semiconductor channel material nanosheets; and
a dual spacer structure located on surfaces of the semiconductor substrate that are located adjacent the functional gate structure, wherein the dual spacer structure separates the source/drain region from the semiconductor substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,170,637

PERFECTLY SYMMETRIC GATE-ALL-AROUND FET ON SUSPENDED NANOWIRE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming as semiconductor device comprising:forming a first replacement gate structure of light sensitive material is present on a channel region portion of the stack of suspended nanowires;
replacing the first replacement gate structure of the light sensitive material with a second replacement gate structure of a semiconductor gate material;
applying a surface treatment process to at least sidewall surfaces of the second replacement gate structure to convert a portion of the semiconductor gate material to a dielectric spacer on said at least the sidewall surfaces of the second replacement gate structure; and
replacing the second replacement gate structure with a functional gate structure.