US Pat. No. 10,298,269

BIT INTERLEAVER FOR LOW-DENSITY PARITY CHECK CODEWORD HAVING LENGTH OF 64800 AND CODE RATE OF 3/15 AND 4096-SYMBOL MAPPING, AND BIT INTERLEAVING METHOD USING SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for transmitting a broadcast signal, comprising:a first memory configured to store a low-density parity check (LDPC) codeword having a length of 64800 and a code rate of 3/15;
a processor configured to generate an interleaved codeword by interleaving the LDPC codeword on a bit group basis, the size of the bit group corresponding to a parallel factor of the LDPC codeword;
a second memory configured to output the interleaved codeword;
a modulator configured to perform 4096-symbol mapping corresponding to the interleaved codeword to generate a modulated signal; and
an antenna configured to broadcast a transmission signal corresponding to the modulated signal over a wireless channel to a reception device,
wherein the LDPC codeword is generated by performing accumulation at parity bit addresses which are updated using a predetermined sequence,
wherein the interleaving is performed using the following equation using a permutation order:
Yj=X?(j) 0?j where X?(j) is a ?(j)th bit group, Yj is an interleaved j-th bit group, Ngroup is the number of bit groups obtained by dividing the LDPC codeword into the bit groups, and ?(j) is a permutation order for bit group-based interleaving,
wherein the permutation order corresponds to an interleaving sequence, the interleaving sequence being for the LDPC codeword having the length of 64800 and the code rate of 3/15 and being represented by the following equation:
interleaving sequence={136 20 44 36 17 120 89 142 66 35 42 116 14 119 117 29 47 125 11 158 74 25 37 175 41 145 100 131 173 179 16 77 112 40 58 23 82 168 106 83 34 49 122 2 157 107 79 137 53 96 33 70 19 38 121 90 118 126 165 109 154 140 10 178 143 92 63 176 146 134 177 139 3 113 172 9 50 138 61 93 94 88 132 105 151 170 86 12 1 7 56 59 101 155 95 54 85 13 39 15 76 130 97 110 174 72 150 55 73 99 111 162 26 21 156 28 160 149 133 104 81 69 84 4 6 147 48 115 169 127 161 71 68 80 91 98 8 57 171 135 52 5 141 65 75 163 43 144 167 159 129 46 31 30 166 0 148 128 102 103 60 32 18 51 87 114 64 22 164 24 123 27 62 124 152 78 108 67 153 45}, and
wherein the interleaved codeword is interleaved by the interleaving sequence on the bit group basis before performing the 4096-symbol mapping so as to distribute burst errors occurring in the transmission signal when the transmission signal is transmitted over the wireless channel.

US Pat. No. 10,295,520

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TESTING FUEL MATERIALS FOR EXOTHERMIC REACTIONS

IH IP Holdings Limited, ...

1. A method for testing two or more fuel materials for suitability of producing excess heat in an exothermic reaction, comprising:arranging the two or more fuel materials on a substrate, wherein a respective one of a plurality of thermoelectric converters are placed in between the substrate and a respective one of the two or more fuel materials;
controlling the temperature of the substrate, wherein each respective one of the plurality of thermoelectric converters is configured to generate an output voltage based on the temperature difference between the substrate and each of the two or more fuel materials;
applying a triggering condition to the substrate, wherein the triggering condition is designed to trigger an exothermic reaction in one of the two or more fuel materials; and
monitoring the output voltages of the plurality of thermoelectric converters to determine the suitability of each of the two or more fuel materials for the exothermic reaction during a reaction condition.

US Pat. No. 10,293,797

METHOD FOR AVOIDING FALSE EXCITATIONS OF A SLIP CONTROL SYSTEM OF A BRAKE SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

1. A method for avoiding false excitations of a slip control system of a brake system of a vehicle, the method comprising:monitoring a wheel speed signal for at least one wheel for a predetermined first monitoring period for the start of a negative half-wave of an oscillation imposed on the vehicle wheel when a brake pressure gradient initiated by a brake application rises above a predetermined threshold;
deriving a nick signal from the wheel speed signal;
deriving an acceleration signal from the wheel speed signal during a predetermined second monitoring period following the point in time of the start of a detected negative half-wave of the speed signal;
monitoring the wheel speed signal for a turning point of the nick signal and a start of the acceleration signal indicating the re-acceleration; and
identifying the oscillation imposed on the vehicle wheel as a braking-induced vibration, wherein slip control of the vehicle wheel is not carried out when a turning point of the ruck signal and the re-acceleration of the wheel are detected.

US Pat. No. 10,292,561

CLEANING IMPLEMENT COMPRISING HYBRID FOAM

1. A cleaning implement having a volume from 1 cm3 to 10,000 cm3 and comprises a layer of a hybrid foam wherein said hybrid foam comprises an open cell melamine formaldehyde resin of foamable reactive resins, and a substrate material, wherein said substrate material comprises a nonwoven fabric, wherein said foamable reactive resin is applied to said substrate material or said substrate material is saturated with said foamable reactive resinand wherein said cleaning implement additionally comprises a second layer of material, wherein said second layer of material is selected from the group consisting of polyurethane foams; polypropylene foams; and combinations thereof
wherein said layer of hybrid foam and said second layer of material are joined by a permanent attachment or a temporary attachment, wherein the substrate material is selected from the group consisting of polyurethane resins, polyester resins, epoxides and mixtures thereof and the weight ratio of substrate material to the foamable resin is from 10% to 20%, by weight.

US Pat. No. 10,294,818

GAS TURBINE HAVING AN ANNULAR PASSAGE SUBDIVIDED INTO ANNULUS SECTORS

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A gas turbine comprising:at least one inner casing part and at least one outer casing part, between which both casing parts is at least partially arranged an annular passage which circumferentially encloses an useful flow of a working fluid, which prevails during operation of the gas turbine, and a gas turbine rotor, wherein the annular passage is designed to direct a cooling fluid in the circumferential direction,
wherein the annular passage is fluidically subdivided into annulus sectors in the circumferential direction by partitions, designed as separating plates, which are adapted to prevent a free, unhindered fluid exchange between the individual annulus sectors,
wherein provision is made at least partially in the annular passage for a pipe which fluidically interconnects individual annulus sectors, wherein the pipe is designed as a distribution pipe which is fluidically connected to at least one cooling fluid feed line for cooling fluid feed and has at least one outlet opening, which is designed for the transfer of cooling fluid from the pipe into the annulus sectors.

US Pat. No. 10,294,105

PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR COOLING A GAS CONTAINING SO2 AND/OR SO3 AND WATER

OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY, Es...

1. A process for cooling a gas mixture of SO2 and/or SO3 and water comprising cooling the gas mixture with a first heat exchanger carrying a coolant, wherein the temperature of the coolant lies above the dew point of the gas or gas mixture, the coolant is water, and the dew point ? given in ° C. is calculated according to the following equation:

US Pat. No. 10,293,444

WORKPIECE CONVEYING APPARATUS FOR A PRESSING MACHINE

AIDA ENGINEERING, LTD., ...

1. A workpiece conveying apparatus for a pressing machine, comprising:a first arm supported at a proximal end side thereof through intermediation of a first joint so as to be freely rotatable within a substantially horizontal plane;
a second arm supported at a proximal end side thereof on a distal end side of the first arm through intermediation of a second joint so as to be freely rotatable within the substantially horizontal plane;
a workpiece holding device, which is supported on a distal end side of the second arm through intermediation of a third joint so as to be freely rotatable within the substantially horizontal plane, and is configured to releasably hold the workpiece;
a first arm drive mechanism, which is configured to drive the first arm to rotate about the first joint;
a second arm drive mechanism, which is configured to drive the second arm to rotate about the second joint with respect to the first arm;
a workpiece holding device rotation drive mechanism, which is configured to drive the workpiece holding device to rotate about the third joint with respect to the second arm; and
a tilt drive mechanism, which is configured to drive the workpiece holding device to rotate about a long axis of the workpiece holding device through intermediation of a fourth joint with respect to the distal end of the second arm.

US Pat. No. 10,299,328

LED DRIVER CIRCUIT, LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT AND DRIVING METHOD

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A first LED driver circuit comprising:a first input interface for receiving an AC power input and providing a first output, wherein said first output is adapted to be serially connected to a second LED driver circuit;
a first LED driver powered by the first output;
a first shorting element for shorting the first output;
a first control arrangement for controlling the first shorting element, wherein the first control arrangement is configured to:
close the first shorting element at a zero-crossing of a first subset of half cycles of the AC power input to short circuit the first LED driver and prevent the first LED driver from being powered, wherein the AC power input passes to the second LED driver during the first subset of half cycles, and
open the first shorting element at a zero-crossing of a second subset of half cycles of the AC power input to power the first LED driver, wherein said second subset of half cycles does not overlap with the first subset of half cycles;
wherein the half cycle is the positive amplitude duration or the negative amplitude duration of the AC power input.

US Pat. No. 10,299,331

LED RETROFIT DRIVER CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. An LED retrofit driver circuit comprising:an input for receiving an operating voltage from a power supply;
an output for connection to one or more LED units;
a power converter connected with said input and said output and configured to provide a lamp current at said output, wherein the power converter is configured to operate in at least a first operating state,
in said first operating state, the power converter being configured to switch between:
a high current generating mode, in which the power converter is configured to draw current pulses from said power supply to draw a first average input current, and
an OFF mode during which no current is drawn from said power supply, wherein the power converter is configured to operate in at least a second operating state, and
in said second operating state, said power converter being configured at least to operate in
a low current generating mode, in which the power converter is configured to draw current pulses from said power supply to draw a second average input current, the second average input current being lower than said first average input current.

US Pat. No. 10,293,244

MARTIAL ARTS RING

1. An improvement for a martial arts ring comprising:a ring;
a raised floor;
a series of transparent panels positioned around the ring to create an enclosure;
a fastening system to connect and insert each transparent panel into a corresponding channel embedded in the raised floor, wherein the fastening system comprises:
a fastening element; and
a spring;
wherein each transparent panel is secured in the ring by the fastening element and the spring once the transparent panel is inserted into the channel;
an access door, wherein the access door is affixed by fastening elements and a column with an eccentric pivot system to allow for the access door to open and close to enter the ring.

US Pat. No. 10,299,355

INTELLIGENT GATING MECHANISM

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A gating module for use in a lighting system, the lighting system comprising at least one sensor module, the at least one sensor module comprising at least one sensor, and a lighting network comprising at least one luminaire, the gating module configured to:receive sensor data obtained by the at least one sensor module;
receive an input signal;
determine, based on the input signal and predetermined rules stored in a memory, which parts of the sensor data are to be supplied to at least one luminaire controller for use in controlling the at least one luminaire; and
only supply the determined parts of the sensor data to the at least one luminaire controller,
wherein the input signal indicates an orientation of a device associated with a sensor module of the at least one sensor module, and the predetermined rules indicate transmission of sensor data to the luminaire controller only when the device is positioned in a predetermined orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,299,353

METHODS FOR INITIATING STATE MACHINES IN RESPONSE TO TOUCH EVENTS DETECTED AT HOME APPLIANCES

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method, comprising:detecting a touch event at a touch sensor associated with a home appliance comprising a luminaire;
operating the home appliance to perform its primary function in response to the detecting of the touch event, the primary function comprising controlling lighting of the luminaire;
determining that data transmitted from the touch sensor regarding the touch event satisfies a predetermined touch event profile associated with a secondary function to be performed at a computing device separate and remote from the home appliance, the secondary function being different than the primary function; and
initiating the secondary function at the computing device in response to receiving the data from the touch sensor after the determining step.

US Pat. No. 10,299,349

SYNCHRONOUS CONTROL OF NETWORKED LIGHTING DEVICES

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method for near synchronous control of networked lighting devices, the method comprising:receiving a target color point, in a target color space having a target color space resolution, or receiving a target intensity level, in a target intensity space having a target intensity space resolution, and further receiving identifiers for networked lighting devices that are to be synchronously controlled to emit light based on the target color point or target intensity level,
determining whether a target control command based on the received identifiers of the networked lighting devices and the received target color point or the received target intensity level will exceed a maximum control command length, and if the target control command will exceed the maximum control command length:
determining an approximate color space resolution, relating to an approximate color space, of a lower resolution than the target color space resolution, or an approximate intensity space resolution, relating to an approximate intensity space, of a lower resolution than the target intensity space resolution, based on the number of networked lighting devices that are to be synchronously controlled, and further based on the maximum control command length,
determining an approximate color point in the approximate color space based on the target color point or an approximate intensity level in the approximate intensity space based on the target intensity level, and
sending an approximate control command based on the received identifiers of the networked lighting devices that are to be synchronously controlled and the approximate color point or the approximate intensity level.

US Pat. No. 10,295,497

ORGANIC MEMBRANE BASED SCREEN PRINTED MICROCHIP FOR POTENTIOMETRIC DETERMINATION OF LEAD

King Abdulaziz City for S...

1. A method for making a microchip used for a potentiometric determination of lead (II), comprising the steps:a. rinsing in double-distilled water a plastic microchip and air drying the plastic microchip to obtain a cleaned plastic microchip;
b. preparing a composite nano-particles ionophore which made up of a combination of carbon nano-tube (CNT) and Titanium (IV) oxide (TiO2), wherein the composite nano-particles ionophore comprises a mixture composed of 5 of CNT and 95 w/w % of TiO2;
c. preparing a cocktail coating mixture by adding the composite nano-particles ionophore, potassium Tetrakis (4-chlorophenyl) borate, anion excluder and polyvinyl chloride; and
d. adding the cocktail coating mixture on to the surface of the cleaned plastic microchip as a substrate by the process of nebulization, to form an evenly layered sensitive organic membrane layer; wherein the evenly layered sensitive organic membrane layer functions as a lead(II) micro sensor device, which is responsive to lead(II) (Pb2+).

US Pat. No. 10,297,574

SYSTEM IN PACKAGE (SIP) WITH DUAL LAMINATE INTERPOSERS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a first preassembled subassembly individually fabricated, assembled, and tested to ensure functionality comprising:
a substrate; and
at least one semiconductor die attached to the substrate, wherein the at least one semiconductor die comprises a second memory die mounted on a first memory die; and
a second preassembled subassembly individually fabricated, assembled, and tested to ensure functionality, wherein the second preassembled subassembly is coupled to the first preassembled subassembly and comprising:
an interposer; and
a controller mounted on the interposer.

US Pat. No. 10,296,863

WIRELESS SENSOR DEVICES FOR POST-HARVEST CROP QUALITY AND PEST MANAGEMENT

Centaur Analytics, Inc., ...

1. An edge device, comprising:a plastic housing encasing an environment-exposed compartment and a sealed compartment, the environment exposed compartment defined by a cap and an upper housing and the sealed compartment defined by the upper housing and a lower housing, the cap having a first threaded portion mated with a second threaded portion of the upper housing and a plurality of vents configured to allow air passage from an environment external to the edge device into the environment-exposed compartment, the upper housing having a third threaded portion mated with a fourth threaded portion of the lower housing and an upper surface containing a sensor opening;
an electrochemical gas sensor comprising a sensor cell and a sensor circuit board, the electrochemical gas sensor is partially disposed within the sealed compartment and in a fixed position abutting the upper surface of the upper housing such that a portion of the sensor cell protrudes into the sensor opening and is exposed to an atmosphere within the environment-exposed compartment;
one or more upper rubber o-rings circumferentially disposed around the portion of the electrochemical gas sensor that protrudes into the environment-exposed compartment creating a seal that abuts the sensor opening of the upper housing;
a main circuit board disposed within the sealed compartment and communicatively coupled to the electrochemical gas sensor, the main circuit board having a plurality of mounted components respectively coupled to a battery, a reed switch configured as an on/off switch for the edge device, an antenna, and radio frequency (RF) circuitry;
a magnet disposed on a first plastic ring, and a second plastic ring, wherein the first plastic ring is configured to rotate around the fourth threaded portion of the lower housing, disposed between the upper housing and the second plastic ring, rotationally translating the magnet with respect to the reed switch, and the second plastic ring is configured to mate with the fourth threaded portion of the lower housing; and
one or more lower rubber o-rings disposed at an interface between the upper housing and the lower housing.

US Pat. No. 10,299,379

SHEET-SHAPED STRETCHABLE STRUCTURE, AND RESIN COMPOSITION FOR STRETCHABLE RESIN SHEET AND STRETCHABLE RESIN SHEET USED FOR THE STRUCTURE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A sheet-shaped stretchable structure used as an electronics element, the structure having a stretch of not less than 10% and comprising a plurality of laminated stretchable resin sheets,wherein at least one hollow is provided between at least one of pairs of two adjacent ones of the laminated stretchable resin sheets, and
a support member formed of a resin material of one of the pairs of two adjacent ones of the laminated stretchable resin sheets, wherein
the support member protrudes from the one of the pairs of two adjacent ones of the laminated stretchable resin sheets to abut the other of the pairs of two adjacent ones of the laminated stretchable resin sheets, thereby defining a volume of the hollow.

US Pat. No. 10,297,023

RECONSTRUCTION OF AN IMAGE ON THE BASIS OF ONE OR MORE IMAGING MODALITIES

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method for reconstructing an image of an examination object, the method comprising:acquiring, by a medical imaging apparatus of a first imaging modality, a first image data record of the examination object, wherein the first image data record comprises measured data from a first field of view, and wherein the first image data record has an undersampling;
providing, by the medical imaging apparatus, at least one further image data record of the examination object of at least one further imaging modality, wherein the at least one further imaging modality is an imaging modality that differs from the first imaging modality, wherein the at least one further image data record comprises measured data from at least one further field of view, and wherein the at least one further field of view comprises at least one additional area that is not comprised by the first field of view;
reconstructing, by the medical imaging apparatus, at least one first image based on the first image data record using the at least one further image data record by a reconstruction unit, wherein the reconstructing comprises an iterative reconstruction with the at least one further image data record of the at least one further imaging modality used as a-priori knowledge for the iterative reconstruction; and
displaying, by a display, the reconstructed at least one first image.

US Pat. No. 10,295,608

NON-INTRUSIVE CORRELATING BATTERY MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Phoenix Broadband Technol...

1. A battery monitoring system comprising:a. a plurality of battery temperature probes each adapted to sense the temperature of an associated lead acid battery or lead acid battery string, each battery temperature probe being adapted to be non-intrusively mounted on or adjacent its associated battery or battery string;
b. an ambient temperature probe adapted to sense the ambient temperature of an environment in which the batteries are located;
c. a plurality of current sensors each adapted to sense a charge current delivered to an associated battery string during a charging event and a discharge current delivered from an associated battery strings during a discharging event, each current sensor being adapted to non-intrusively measure the charge current and the discharge current; and
d. a controller configured to:
i. receive associated data from the battery temperature probes, the ambient temperature probe and the current sensors;
ii. calculate a plurality of temperature deltas between the ambient temperature and each of the battery or battery string temperatures;
iii. generate a thermal event alarm if any of the temperature deltas exceed a user-defined thermal event temperature delta and any of the charge currents exceed a user-defined thermal event charge current;
iv. determine if there has been a discharge or recharge event within a period of time;
v. predict:
A. a thermal runaway condition, by correlating charging and discharging currents, discharge/recharge events and temperature deltas and determining that all of the following are satisfied: there has not been a discharge or recharge event for the period of time, any of the temperature deltas exceed a user-defined thermal runaway temperature delta, and any of the charge currents exceed a user-defined thermal runaway charge current; and
B. a battery end of service life condition, by correlating charging and discharging currents, discharge/recharge events and temperature deltas and determining that all of the following are satisfied: there has not been a discharge or recharge event for the period of time, the temperature deltas are below a user-defined battery aging temperature delta, and any of the charge currents exceed a user-defined battery aging charge current; and
vi. generate:
A. a thermal runaway alarm in response to predicting the thermal runaway condition and before the thermal runaway condition has occurred; and
B. a battery end of service life condition alarm in response to predicting the battery end of service life condition.

US Pat. No. 10,299,415

WATER BARRIER STRUCTURE FOR DISPLAY UNIT

LITEMAX ELECTRONICS INC.,...

1. A water barrier structure comprising:a casing;
at least one air inlet being arranged on one lateral side of the casing;
at least one air outlet being arranged on the lateral side of the casing;
a plurality of waterproof caps being used to cover the at least one air inlet and the at least one air outlet, wherein the waterproof caps respectively include an external inclined panel; a plurality of internal slant plates being mounted in the waterproof cap in a staggered and generally zigzag manner; and a plurality of air vents being formed on a bottom of the waterproof cap; and
an outer cover being mounted to the lateral side of the casing to shield the waterproof caps; and the outer cover being formed with a plurality of convection openings.

US Pat. No. 10,299,395

ELECTRICAL DEVICE WITH NUT RETENTION SLOT

TE Connnectivity Corporat...

1. An electrical device comprising:a housing including a flange, the flange having a top side, an opposite bottom side, and outer side extending between the top side and the bottom side, the flange defining a bolt aperture extending from the bottom side towards the top side, the flange including a nut retention slot within the flange, the nut retention slot having a size and shape configured to receive a nut therein through an opening along the outer side of the flange,
wherein the bolt aperture is positioned relative to the nut retention slot to align with a threaded central bore of the nut disposed within the nut retention slot to allow insertion of a bolt through the bolt aperture into the threaded central bore of the nut,
wherein the nut retention slot has a perimeter defined by the opening along the outer side, two opposing side walls that extend from the opening, and a back end across from the opening, the back end being non-planar and defined by multiple back walls that extend between the two side walls,
wherein each of the side walls includes a respective crush rib protruding from the side wall into the nut retention slot, the crush ribs linearly elongated parallel to one another and perpendicular to a linear orientation of the bolt aperture, each crush rib configured to engage a different one of the exterior sides of the nut that is received within the nut retention slot to retain the nut in the nut retention slot via an interference fit,
wherein the housing includes a base having a top face and a bottom face, the flange extending outward from the base, the bottom face of the base being flush with the bottom side of the flange, the base including an array of channels extending between the top face and the bottom face, the channels configured to receive one or more of fuse conductors or relay conductors therein, and
wherein two angled back walls of the nut retention slot lack crush ribs.

US Pat. No. 10,299,418

COMPONENT MOUNTING SYSTEM

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A component mounting system, comprising:conveyance lanes that convey a plurality of different types of printed circuit boards;
at least one tape feeder that supplies components to be mounted on the plurality of printed circuit boards;
a mounting head that includes a plurality of suction nozzles which suck the components supplied from the at least one tape feeder and bulk components supplied by a bulk feeder that is integrally held by the mounting head, and the mounting head mounts the components and the bulk components sucked by the suction nozzles on the printed circuit boards; and
circuitry configured to perform a simulation in which operation times when the components supplied from the at least one tape feeder are moved on the plurality of printed circuit boards on the conveyance lanes are calculated for all of the components to be mounted on the plurality of different types of printed circuit boards, and determine which of all of the components is a bulk component to be mounted based on the calculated operation times for all of the components, wherein
one of the components sucked by one of the plurality of suction nozzles is allocated to a first rotation stop position of the plurality of suction nozzles by a rotary head and is captured by a component imaging device while one of the bulk components sucked by another one of the plurality of suction nozzles is allocated to a second rotation stop position of the plurality of suction nozzles by the rotary head.

US Pat. No. 10,299,390

COVER WINDOW AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A cover window, comprising:a first region; and
second regions at both sides of the first region,
wherein the first region has a stiffness being different from the second regions, and the stiffness of an interface region between the first region and the second region is gradually changed,
wherein each of the first and second regions includes a block-copolymer having first and second units, and the first unit has a stiffness being smaller than the second unit, and
wherein a mole fraction of the first unit in the first region is different from that of the second unit in the first region, and the mole fraction of the second unit in the second region is different from that of the first unit in the second region.

US Pat. No. 10,299,365

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR IMPROVED COOLING OF COMPUTING COMPONENTS WITH HEATSINKS

Juniper Networks, Inc, S...

1. A heatsink apparatus comprising:a base that facilitates thermal transfer between a computing component and cooling airflow;
a plurality of fins, extending from the base, that provide additional surface area to facilitate the thermal transfer between the computing component and the cooling airflow;
at least one channel, defined within the plurality of fins, that facilitates a faster passage of a portion of the cooling airflow across the heatsink apparatus in comparison to the cooling airflow moving between the plurality of fins of the heatsink apparatus; and
at least one air dam that prevents the cooling airflow from escaping a designated path on a printed circuit board, the air dam extending to at least one adjacent modified heatsink to prevent the cooling airflow from escaping from a gap between the heatsink apparatus and the at least one adjacent modified heatsink,
wherein the designated path crosses the at least one adjacent modified heatsink comprising at least one additional air dam, extending from the adjacent modified heatsink to an additional adjacent component to prevent the cooling airflow from escaping from a gap between the adjacent modified heatsink and the additional adjacent component, that prevents the cooling airflow from escaping the designated path on the printed circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,299,356

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MAINTAINING A COMMON ILLUMINATION VALUE ON A RELEASE COMMAND SENT FROM A KEYPAD

Lutron Ketra, LLC, Coope...

1. An illumination system, comprising:a keypad comprising a button configured to send a start change signal when the button is held and further configured to send an end illumination value when the button is released after sending the start change signal; and
a group of illumination devices wirelessly coupled to the keypad and each other over one or more hops for receiving the start change signal at different times and for achieving the end illumination value common among the group of illumination devices at different times after the button is released.

US Pat. No. 10,299,417

ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING TUBE AND ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING STRUCTURE

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. An electromagnetic shielding tube through which an electric wire can be inserted, the electromagnetic shielding tube comprising:an inner layer made of resin;
a metal layer formed on an outer periphery of the inner layer; and
an outer layer made of resin, formed on an outer periphery of the metal layer; wherein
the metal layer is exposed at an end portion or an end portion vicinity of the electromagnetic shielding tube;
a terminal processed portion configured to mitigate effects caused by differences in physical properties of the inner layer and the metal layer is provided on an exposed portion of the metal layer; wherein:
the terminal processed portion is a stress transmission suppressing structure configured to, in at least a portion of the inner layer, suppress radial forces of the inner layer generated due to changes in temperature from being transmitted to the metal layer,
the stress transmission suppressing structure is a separated portion formed in the inner layer, and
in a cross-section perpendicular to a length direction of the electromagnetic shielding tube, the inner layer is divided into a plurality of sections in the circumferential direction by the separated portion.

US Pat. No. 10,299,407

DIFFERENTLY ORIENTED LAYERED THERMAL CONDUIT

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A thermal conduit configured to conduct heat from a heat source to a heat sink, the conduit comprising:a plurality of stacked sheets formed of an anisotropically thermally conductive material, each sheet with two respective a-axes of thermal conduction and a respective c-axis along which the anisotropically thermally conductive material has a lower thermal conductivity compared to the a-axes, each sheet having an angle ? between a plane of that sheet and a plane of thermal conduction defined by the a-axes of that sheet;
wherein, for at least one sheet of the plurality of stacked sheets, the angle ? of the sheet differs stepwise in a stacking direction relative to at least one corresponding angle ? of an adjacent sheet in the plurality of stacked sheets to form a curved thermal flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,299,406

LIQUID COOLING HEAT SINK DEVICE

COOLER MASTER CO., LTD., ...

1. A liquid cooling heat sink device for cooling a heat source, the liquid cooling heat sink device characterized in that the liquid cooling heat sink device comprises: a heat conduction module, a liquid guiding module, and a liquid supply module, wherein:the heat conduction module includes:
a vapor chamber comprising at least one space; one side of the vapor chamber contacting the heat source; a working fluid flowing in the space; and
at least one heat conducting column mounted on another side of the vapor chamber and said another side of the vapor chamber distal from the heat source;
the liquid supply module is mounted on one side of the vapor chamber; the liquid supply module includes:
a casing comprising:
a liquid entrance terminal and a liquid exit terminal out of the casing; and
a pump;
the liquid guiding module is mounted on one side of the vapor chamber and forming:
a receiving space between the liquid guiding module and the vapor chamber;
wherein the liquid supply module communicates with the receiving space for guiding a coolant to the receiving space and discharging the coolant via the liquid exit terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,299,385

CARRIER-ATTACHED COPPER FOIL, LAMINATE, METHOD FOR PRODUCING PRINTED WIRING BOARD, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ELECTRONIC DEVICE

1. A carrier-attached copper foil comprising a carrier, an interlayer, and an ultrathin copper layer in this order,wherein the maximum trough depth Sv as measured with a laser microscope according to ISO 25178 on a surface of a bismaleimide-triazine resin substrate exposed by detaching the carrier and etching and removing the ultrathin copper layer after the carrier-attached copper foil is heat pressed against the resin substrate from the ultrathin copper layer side under the pressure of 20 kgf/cm2 at 220° C. for 2 hours is 0.181 to 2.922 ?m, and the ratio Sv/Svk of maximum trough depth Sv and projecting trough depth Svk as measured with a laser microscope according to ISO 25178 on a surface of a bismaleimide-triazine resin substrate exposed by detaching the carrier and etching and removing the ultrathin copper layer after the carrier-attached copper foil is heat pressed against the resin substrate from the ultrathin copper layer side under the pressure of 20 kgf/cm2 at 220° C. for 2 hours is 3.549 to 10.777.

US Pat. No. 10,299,358

LIGHT CONTROLLED TIMING DEVICE AND METHOD

Asia Connection LLC, New...

1. A dual mode light operated timing device, comprising:a light sensor for generating a light sensor signal when light is detected;
a first input device for generating a first programming signal, the first input device configured to select from a plurality of preset daytime mode durations, whereby activating the first input device cycles through the preset daytime mode durations;
a second input device for generating a second programming signal, the second input device configured to select from a plurality of preset nighttime durations, whereby activating the second input device cycles through the preset nighttime mode durations;
a switch for connecting and disconnecting electric power from a power supply to an electronic pool filter device; and
a processor for receiving the light sensor signal and when light is detected by the light sensor operating the dual mode light operated timing device in a daytime mode by controlling the switch based on the first programming signal, and when light is not detected by the light sensor, operating the dual mode light operated timing device in a nighttime mode by controlling the switch based on the second programming signal,
wherein the first programming signal configures the processor to supply power to the electronic pool filter device for the selected preset daytime mode duration and the second programming signal configures the processor to supply power to the electronic pool filter device for the selected preset nighttime mode duration.

US Pat. No. 10,299,347

METHOD OF CONTROLLING LIGHTING SOURCES, CORRESPONDING SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

OSRAM GMBH, Munich (DE) ...

1. A method of controlling lighting sources in cooperation with at least one augmented reality device, said lighting sources having at least one operating parameter which is controllable in at least one lighting sequence as a function of a time code data set coupled therewith, the method comprising:providing a repository of operating data files for said lighting sources, said operating data files coupled with said lighting sources with each data file including at least one time code data set for at least one lighting sequence for a respective one of said lighting sources,
retrieving in said repository at least one operating data file coupled with a selected one of said lighting sources,
detecting at least one augmented reality signal from said augmented reality device indicative of said augmented reality device gazing at and/or recognizing said selected one of said lighting sources by detecting a position/orientation of a user's head or eyes and synchronizing the position/orientation with the location of said lighting sources external to the augmented reality device, and
operating said selected one of said lighting sources by controlling said at least one operating parameter as a function of the operating data included in the operating data file retrieved and said at least one augmented reality signal to synchronize the lighting effects of said lighting sources incorporated into the augmented reality device with the lighting effects of the one or more said lighting sources external to the augmented reality device being pointed at by the user.

US Pat. No. 10,299,322

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REGULATING LED CURRENTS

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

1. A system for regulating one or more currents, the system comprising:a system controller including a first controller terminal, a second controller terminal, and a ground terminal, the system controller being configured to output a drive signal at the first controller terminal;
an inductor including a first inductor terminal and a second inductor terminal, the first inductor terminal being coupled to the ground terminal, the second inductor terminal being directly coupled to one or more light emitting diodes;
a first resistor including a first resistor terminal and a second resistor terminal, the first resistor terminal being directly coupled to the first inductor terminal;
a switch configured to receive the drive signal and coupled to the second resistor terminal; and
a first diode including a first diode terminal and a second diode terminal and directly coupled to the first resistor, the second diode terminal being coupled to the one or more light emitting diodes;
wherein:
the second controller terminal is coupled indirectly to the switch through at least a second resistor, coupled indirectly to the second inductor terminal through at least a Zener diode and a second diode, and coupled indirectly to the ground terminal through at least a capacitor; and
the Zener diode includes a first Zener terminal and a second Zener terminal, the first Zener terminal directly coupled to the second controller terminal, and the second Zener terminal directly coupled to the second diode.

US Pat. No. 10,297,140

EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND TRACKING USING LIGHTING NETWORKS

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method of obtaining a health condition and target location of a user associated with a body worn device including a sensor, the method comprising acts of:monitoring an indication of, using the sensor of body worn device, a health condition of user;
determining, using the indication, whether a predetermined health condition is present in the user;
maintaining a database, in a sewer, of information describing geographic locations of a plurality of lighting units, each lighting unit transmitting an identifier using modulated light;
providing the body worn device with a lighting unit identifier sensor, the sensor receiving lighting unit identifiers of at least one of the plurality of lighting units;
transmitting, by the body worn device, the received lighting unit identifiers with the indication in a message to the server via a network; and
providing, by the server, a geographic location corresponding to the target location of the body worn device, using the database and the received lighting unit identifiers; and
wherein said sensor and said lighting unit identifier sensor are a same camera for both receiving said lighting unit identifiers and sensing said a health condition of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,297,020

STEREOSCOPIC SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR QUALITY INSPECTION OF CIGARETTES IN CIGARETTE PACKER MACHINES

Datalogic IP Tech S.R.L.,...

11. A method, comprising:determining a presence or absence of cigarettes in a set of cigarettes being processed by a cigarette packer machine by using at least one of a first image or a second image inclusive of the cigarettes in the set of cigarettes;
generating a stereoscopic image from the first and second images;
determining level of tobacco of each cigarette of the set of cigarettes by using the first image and second image; and
producing a report in response to determining that a cigarette is not present or that a level of tobacco of a cigarette is outside of a specified level of tobacco of a cigarette.

US Pat. No. 10,294,814

ELLIPSOIDAL INNER CENTRAL BLADE STORAGE SPACE

MTU Aero Engines AG, Mun...

1. An inner ring for an adjustable guide vane assembly, comprising:an inner ring having a plurality of uptakes, each for the bearing of an adjustable guide vane, wherein the uptakes each create an essentially ellipsoidally shaped uptake space for a guide vane head of the respective guide vane.

US Pat. No. 10,299,378

POLYMER RESIN COMPOSITION, POLYIMIDE RESIN FILM, PREPARATION METHOD OF POLYIMIDE RESIN FILM, FLEXIBLE METAL LAMINATE, AND CIRCUIT BOARD

SHENGYI TECHNOLOGY CO., L...

1. A polymer resin composition comprising: a polyamic acid including a repeating unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 1; and a tetrahydropyran compound,wherein, Y1 is a tetravalent organic functional group, X is a divalent organic functional group, and n is an integer of 1 to 100 ,wherein the tetrahydropyran compound comprises at least a compound selected from the group consisting of sucrose, cyclodextrin, glucose, and derivatives thereof, or wherein the tetrahydropyran compound comprises at least a compound selected from the group consisting of a polymer compound including a repeating unit of the following Chemical Formula 2 and a compound of the following Chemical Formula 3:
wherein, in Chemical Formula 2, R1, R2, and R3 are same as or different from each other and are respectively hydrogen or an alkyl having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, and n is an integer of 1 to 10,in Chemical Formula 3, R5, R6, R7, R8, and R9 are same as or different from each other and are respectively hydrogen, an alkyl having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a functional group of the following Chemical Formula 4, or a functional group of the following Chemical Formula 5,in Chemical Formula 5, R11, R12, R13 and R14 are same as or different from each other and are respectively hydrogen, an alkyl having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, an alkoxy having 1 to 3 carbon atoms, a functional group of the following Chemical Formula 6, or a functional group of the following Chemical Formula 7,in Chemical Formulae 4 to 7, “*” means a bonding point.

US Pat. No. 10,299,368

SURFACE INTEGRATED WAVEGUIDES AND CIRCUIT STRUCTURES THEREFOR

Invensas Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus for a microelectronic device, comprising:a first conductive layer for providing a lower interior surface of a circuit structure;
a plurality of wire bond wires interconnected to the lower interior surface of the first conductive layer with wire bonds and spaced apart from one another for providing at least one side of the circuit structure;
a second conductive layer for providing an upper interior surface of the circuit structure spaced apart from the lower interior surface by and interconnected to the plurality of wire bond wires; and
the plurality of wire bond wires, the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer in combination defining at least one opening in the at least one side for a signal port of the circuit structure.

US Pat. No. 10,299,367

CIRCUIT BOARD HAVING CONDUCTIVE POLYMER

Avary Holding (Shenzhen) ...

1. A circuit board comprising:a flexible board;
a composite film formed on the flexible board and defining at least one through hole, the composite film comprising:
a base layer having an active surface; and
a conductive layer formed by coated a conductive polymer on the active surface, the conductive polymer made by a mixture comprising liquid crystal monomers, a silver complex, an initiator, and a catalytic agent, and a solvent, the mixture is heated to undergo atom transfer radical polymerization; and
a copper layer covering the conductive layer and an inner wall of each of the at least one through hole, the copper layer electrically connected to the flexible substrate by the at least one through hole;
wherein the liquid crystal monomers has a mass percentage of about 42.2% to about 52.2% of a total mass of the mixture, the silver complex has a mass percentage of about 43.1% to about 53.1% of the total mass of the mixture, the initiator has a mass percentage of about 0.85% to about 1.35% of the total mass of the mixture, the catalytic agent has a mass percentage of about 2.85% to about 4.35% of the total mass of the mixture, the mixture and the solvent has a ratio selected from 3:17 to 1:3 by weight, and the silver complex in the conductive polymer is bonded to the active surface.

US Pat. No. 10,299,362

METHOD FOR ADDITIVELY MANUFACTURING COMPONENTS

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A nozzle for additive manufacturing, comprising:a plasma gas tube operable to provide plasma gas to a plasma flame;
a source material tube arranged concentrically inside the plasma gas tube such that source material passes through the plasma flame; and
a sheath gas tube arranged concentrically between the plasma gas tube and the source material tube, the sheath gas tube operable to carry a sheath gas.

US Pat. No. 10,299,319

ZERO-RESONANCE MICROWAVE OVEN

Hall Labs LLC, Provo, UT...

1. A zero-resonance microwave oven, comprising:a cooking cavity;
an opening that allows access to the cavity;
a plurality of microwave-transparent walls surrounding the cavity;
a microwave-opaque housing surrounding the plurality of microwave-transparent walls; and
a reservoir surrounding the cavity, the reservoir filled with a dielectric material and disposed between the plurality of microwave-transparent walls and the microwave-opaque housing, the reservoir having a depth greater than or equal to half the penetration depth of microwaves in the dielectric material and less than or equal to twice the penetration depth of microwaves in the dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,299,309

METHOD FOR ACCESSING LOCAL NETWORK, AND RELATED DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for accessing a local network, the method comprising:receiving, by a local gateway, a user plane establishment request, wherein the user plane establishment request comprises information about a user plane bearer to be established for a user equipment (UE) between the local gateway to and a gateway of a core network, wherein the UE accesses the core network via a base station, and the local gateway is a local gateway corresponding to the UE;
establishing, by the local gateway, for the UE according to the user plane establishment request, a user plane bearer that is between the base station and the gateway of the core network and that comprises the local gateway used as an intermediate node;
determining, by the local gateway, whether received data used by the UE to access a network is used to access the local network according to a destination IP address of the data used by the UE to access the network; and
if the data used by the UE to access the network is used to access the local network, routing, by the local gateway, to the local network, the data used by the UE to access the network.

US Pat. No. 10,295,153

OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING UNIFORM ILLUMINATION

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. An optical system for producing uniform illumination on a target, comprising:a body;
a recess formed on a bottom side of the body at a central region thereof accommodating a light source arranged in an integration zone, the recess having a side entry surface and a central entry surface;
a total internal reflection surface provided at a side surface of the body, wherein the total internal reflection surface comprises a plurality of first lenslets, each of the first lenslets being radially adjacent to one or more others of the first lenslets and circumferentially adjacent to one or more others of the first lenslets; and
an exit surface provided at a top side of the body, the exit surface comprising a plurality of second lenslets, each of the second lenslets being radially adjacent to one or more others of the second lenslets and circumferentially adjacent to one or more others of the second lenslets;
wherein each of the first lenslets forms a pair with a respective one of the second lenslets, such that a distance separating each pair of lenslets is substantially equal to a focal length of both the first and second lenslet in that pair;
wherein the light source provides light to the total internal reflection surface through the side entry surface;
wherein the first lenslets of the pairs image the light source from the integration zone on the second lenslets of the pairs; and
wherein the second lenslets of the pairs image the first lenslets of the pairs on the target,
such that the optical system produces uniform illumination on the target.

US Pat. No. 10,293,801

METHOD FOR THE ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF A DRIVER OPERATION-DEPENDENT ACTUAL VEHICLE DECELERATION

WABCO GMBH, Hannover (DE...

1. A method for the adaptive control of a driver operation-dependent actual vehicle deceleration (ZIst) in a commercial vehicle, the method comprising:determining an operating variable that indicates a displacement of a brake pedal of a brake valve demanded by the driver as well as an assistance deceleration demand;
providing a mass-dependent feeling curve that associates a driver's deceleration demand with the operating variable;
adapting the mass-dependent feeling curve if there is no assistance deceleration demand so that the determined operating variable is associated with an actually prevailing actual vehicle deceleration and at least one scaling factor is determined that adapts the driver's deceleration demand which results from the mass-dependent feeling curve for the determined operating variable to the determined actual vehicle deceleration, wherein, for this purpose, an adaptation feeling curve is formed that results from the mass-dependent feeling curve adapted with the scaling factor so that the adaptation feeling curve associates an adapted driver's deceleration demand with the operating variable;
specifying a target vehicle deceleration depending on a driver operation-dependent driver's deceleration demand determined from the corresponding feeling curve and the assistance deceleration demand if there is an assistance deceleration demand; and
actuating a brake pressure corresponding to the target vehicle deceleration for adaptively adjusted, driver operation-dependent control of the actual vehicle deceleration.

US Pat. No. 10,299,419

TAPE FEEDER

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

6. A tape feeder comprising:a tape feeding device configured to draw out a component supply tape wound around a reel, and feed the component supply tape to a component pickup position;
a cover tape drawing-in device configured to peel off a cover tape from an upper face of the component supply tape forward of the component pickup position in accordance with a feeding operation of the component supply tape, and draw in the cover tape in a direction opposite to a feeding direction of the component supply tape; and
a cover tape collection section configured to collect the cover tape drawn in by the cover tape drawing-in device,
wherein the cover tape collection section is configured to expand to a vacant space in accordance with an increase in collection amount of the cover tape, and
wherein the cover tape collection section is configured such that an expandable part thereof expands to the vacant space in the reel that becomes larger in accordance with a decrease in an amount of remaining tape on the reel.

US Pat. No. 10,299,416

SHIELD FOR ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An assembly for shielding electronic components, comprising:a conductive gasket having a gasket body, the conductive gasket having first and second sides, which are smooth; a conductive shield having a plurality of mechanical projections extending therefrom sufficient to deform the gasket body to couple the conductive shield and conductive gasket together, wherein the plurality of mechanical projections include a first pair of projections and a second pair of projections directly adjacent to each other, wherein each pair of projections has a first distance between the individual projections, a second distance formed between the first pair of projections and the second pair of projections being larger than the first distance, wherein the conductive shield has a first side from which the mechanical projections extend and a second side, opposite the first side, having a plurality of legs for soldering the conductive shield to the printed circuit board; a conductive cover having a smooth side mounted to the conductive gasket, wherein the conductive cover mounts to one of the smooth first or second sides of the gasket; and a conductive adhesive layer to adhere the conductive cover to the conductive gasket.

US Pat. No. 10,299,413

MODULAR SELF-ALIGNING LIQUID HEAT REMOVAL COUPLING SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC RACKS

BAIDU USA LLC, Sunnyvale...

1. An electronic rack, comprising:a back panel disposed on a backend of the electronic rack, wherein the back panel includes a heat removal liquid manifold assembly to provide heat removal liquid from an external heat removal system; and
a plurality of server blades contained in a plurality of server slots via a frontend of the electronic rack, wherein each of the server blades comprises
a server tray to contain an information technology (IT) component representing a corresponding server therein, and
a self-fitting coupling assembly having a first liquid intake connector and a first liquid outlet connector, the first liquid intake connector to receive the heat removal liquid from the heat removal liquid manifold assembly to remove heat from the IT component, the first liquid outlet connector to emit warmer liquid carrying heat exchanged from the IT component to the heat removal liquid manifold assembly, wherein the first liquid intake connector and the first liquid outlet connector are capable of moving around relative to the server tray within a predetermined tolerance space to self-align with a second liquid intake connector and a second liquid outlet connector, wherein the first liquid intake connector and the first liquid outlet connector are not fixedly attached to the server tray, and wherein the second liquid intake connector and the second liquid outlet connector are fixedly disposed on the heat removal liquid manifold assembly of the back panel respectively,
the self-fitting coupling assembly including a floating alignment plate having the first liquid intake connector and the first liquid outlet connector mounted thereon, wherein the floating alignment plate includes a stopper extended outwardly towards the back panel, the stopper including an internal screw thread.

US Pat. No. 10,299,410

COOLING INTAKE DUCT

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A modular cooling apparatus for cooling a vertical array of automatic transfer switches located in a datacenter, the datacenter having a floor above a subfloor space used to introduce cooling air into the datacenter, the modular cooling apparatus comprising:a base duct section having an inlet and an outlet, the inlet being configured to be arranged abutting the floor to receive a cooling airflow transferred from the subfloor space through the floor, wherein the base duct section is movable with respect to the floor while abutting the floor; and
a plurality of modular duct sections, each one of the plurality of duct sections having an inlet, an outlet opposite the inlet, a sidewall, and a vent in the sidewall; each of the plurality of duct sections being configured such that the respective vent aligns with and encloses an exterior opening in the respective automatic transfer switch, the base duct section and the plurality of duct sections being connectable together to form a duct assembly configured to distribute the cooling airflow to the automatic transfer switches, wherein at least one of the plurality of modular duct sections has a cable retention feature attached with a sidewall of the modular duct section, the cable retention feature being configured to at least partially support one or more cables connected with one of the automatic transfer switches.

US Pat. No. 10,299,408

COOLING SYSTEM FOR A BUILDING

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

14. A method comprising:controlling a relative humidity of tempered air delivered to a room of a building to be within a target relative humidity range by selectively performing one or more available operations selected from among:
increasing an amount of humidity added by an evaporative cooling system located in an intake housing of the building to intake air received through the intake housing so as to increase the relative humidity of the tempered air toward or with respect to the target relative humidity range;
decreasing mixing of return air with humidified air from the evaporative cooling system so as to increase the relative humidity of the tempered air toward or with respect to the target relative humidity range, the return air routed from the room;
decreasing an amount of humidity added by the evaporative cooling system located in the intake housing of the building to the intake air received through the intake housing so as to decrease the relative humidity of the tempered air toward or with respect to the target relative humidity range; and
increasing mixing of the return air with the humidified air from the evaporative cooling system so as to decrease the relative humidity of the tempered air toward or with respect to the target relative humidity range.

US Pat. No. 10,299,405

MID-SPREADER FOR STACKED CIRCUIT BOARDS IN AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Plume Design, Inc., Palo...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first circuit board with Radio Frequency (RF) components and a second circuit board with power components each stacked relative to one another; and
a mid-spreader disposed between the first circuit board and the second circuit board,
wherein the mid-spreader comprises a heat conductive material in thermal contact with one or more components on each of the first circuit board and the second circuit board to act as a heat sink, wherein the mid-spreader is formed with indentations and has a shape to provide for Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) mitigation around a portion of the one or more components, and wherein the mid-spreader is formed with two or more Electromagnetic interference (EMI) cavities on one side of the mid-spreader facing the first circuit board, and
wherein the mid-spreader is thermally connected to one or more heat sinks, the mid-spreader is integrally formed with the one or more heat sinks, and the mid-spreader extends beyond a size of at least one of the first circuit board and the second circuit to conduct and transfer heat therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,299,401

CABLE MANAGEMENT DEVICE

King Slide Works Co., Ltd...

1. A cable management device for use with a slide rail assembly, comprising:a first tray;
a second tray connected to the first tray in an extendable and retractable manner so as to move with respect to the first tray and thereby enter a retracted state or an extended state;
a first cable chain connected to the first tray; and
a second cable chain connected to the first tray.

US Pat. No. 10,299,400

MOUNTING SYSTEMS FOR DIGITAL MEDIA PLAYERS

Innovelis, Inc., Sammami...

1. A mounting system configurable to couple an electronic device to a television, the mounting system comprising:a base;
a first sidewall that protrudes outward from the base;
a second sidewall that protrudes outward from the base such that the mounting system is configured to hold a least a portion of the electronic device between the first and second sidewalls;
an anchor wall oriented within plus or minus 30 degrees of parallel to the base and coupled to the base;
a first ventilation channel located between the base and the anchor wall; and
a second ventilation channel in fluid communication with the first ventilation channel, wherein the second ventilation channel is oriented outward from the first ventilation channel such that the second ventilation channel is in fluid communication with an area between the first and second sidewalls, the area is configured to hold the portion of the electronic device, and the second ventilation channel is oriented within plus or minus fifteen degrees of perpendicular relative to the first ventilation channel.

US Pat. No. 10,299,398

SUPPORT DEVICE FOR PAYMENT TERMINAL

INGENICO GROUP, Paris (F...

1. A support device for a payment terminal, comprising:a base having a rear face and adapted to receiving a plurality of connection cables on the rear face; and
a cover adapted to being mounted in translation on the base and enabling concealment of said plurality of connection cables when the plurality of connection cables is connected to said rear face of the base;
wherein the cover has first, second and third apertures configured to enable passage of the plurality of connection cables connected to said rear face of the base, the first, second and third apertures being formed respectively on a left lateral face, a right lateral face and a rear face of the cover, and wherein the cover has an upper face having an aperture in the form of an arc on a front of the upper face, which is surmounted by a rib that runs along the aperture,
wherein the base is mounted on a footing comprising an aperture configured to enable exit, towards the ground, of the plurality of connection cables connected to said rear face of the base.

US Pat. No. 10,299,393

THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURES AND RELATED METHODS OF FORMING THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURES

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A three-dimensional structure, comprising:a body having a first surface and a second surface, the first surface defining a first pattern of negative spaces that extend into and are further defined by the body, and the second surface defining a second pattern of negative spaces that extend into and are further defined by the body; and
the body further defining a combined negative space including each negative space of the first pattern of negative spaces in communication with each negative space of the second pattern of negative spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,299,377

CONDUCTIVE SHEET AND TOUCH PANEL

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. A conductive component comprising:a first electrode pattern which is formed by a plurality of grids made of a first set of metal thin wires that intersect with each other, the first electrode pattern including: a plurality of first conductive patterns that extend in a first direction and are alternated with a plurality of first nonconductive patterns that electrically separate the plurality of first conductive patterns from each other,
wherein each of the first nonconductive patterns includes a second set of metal thin wires intersecting with each other at intersection parts and includes first break parts in portions other than the intersection parts of the second set of metal thin wires, and the first break parts are formed by lines that do not connect with the first set of metal thin wires of the first electrode pattern; and
a second electrode pattern which is formed by a plurality of grids made of a plurality of metal thin wires that intersect with each other, the second electrode pattern including: a plurality of second conductive patterns that extend in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction,
wherein the first electrode pattern is arranged to face the second electrode pattern,
the plurality of first conductive patterns and the plurality of second conductive patterns are orthogonal to each other in top view, and
the grids of the first electrode pattern and the grids of the second electrode pattern form small grids in top view.

US Pat. No. 10,299,372

VENTED TAMPER-RESPONDENT ASSEMBLIES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A tamper-respondent assembly comprising:a multilayer circuit board;
a tamper-detection sensor embedded within the multilayer circuit board, the tamper-detection sensor defining, at least in part, a secure volume associated with the multilayer circuit board;
a vent structure incorporated into the multilayer circuit board, the vent structure comprising at least one vent channel, the at least one vent channel being in fluid communication with a space within the secure volume to facilitate venting the space of the secure volume; and
wherein the tamper-detection sensor embedded within the multilayer circuit board comprises multiple tamper-detect network layers, and wherein the vent structure extends into the secure volume between a first tamper-detect network layer of the multiple tamper-detect network layers and a second tamper-detect network layer of the multiple tamper-detect network layers.

US Pat. No. 10,299,359

LIGHTING CONTROL CONSOLE, LIGHTING SYSTEM USING THE SAME, AND CONTROL METHOD OF LIGHTING FIXTURE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A lighting control console comprising:an operation device configured to accept an operation input for controlling a lighting fixture;
a control device that transmits a control signal for controlling the lighting fixture upon reception of an input signal transmitted by the operation device in response to the operation input; and
a storage in which position information of a plurality of points existing in a predetermined space is stored, wherein
in the storage, a plurality of paths connecting a first point and a second point out of the plurality of points are stored, the first point being a start point, the second point being a target point,
the operation device is configured to accept, as the operation input, a first operation input and a second operation input which are independent of each other,
upon reception of the input signal transmitted by the operation device in accordance with the first operation input, the control device controls the lighting fixture so as to move a lighting position of the lighting fixture from the start point toward the target point along a first path included in the plurality of paths stored in the storage, and to move the lighting position at a speed in accordance with an input amount of the first operation input, and
the control device controls the lighting fixture so as to change the lighting position onto a second path adjacent to the first path when the input signal transmitted by the operation device in accordance with the second operation input while moving the lighting position along the first path exceeds a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,299,352

LIGHT SOURCE CONTROL SYSTEM

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. A collision determination circuit, comprising:an edge detection circuit that detects change timing of a signal representing data of a command signal transmitted to a light source control device;
an area setting circuit that sets a plurality of collision determination areas in accordance with the change timing detected by the edge detection circuit; and
a collision detection circuit that detects the presence or absence of a collision of the data of the command signal with other data in the plurality of collision determination areas.

US Pat. No. 10,299,348

OCCUPANCY SENSOR WITH INTEGRAL EMERGENCY INTERFACE

Leviton Manufacturing Co....

1. An occupancy sensor coupled to a load for selectively energizing and de-energizing the load, the occupancy sensor comprising:a housing;
an occupancy sensing element located in the housing, the occupancy sensing element adapted and configured to sense an occupancy condition of a monitored space;
an emergency interface located within the housing, the emergency interface adapted and configured to couple an external control system to the occupancy sensor; and
a processor coupled to the emergency interface, the processor programmed to receive instructions from the external control system and, in response to said instructions, selectively energize and de-energize the load independent of the occupancy condition of the monitored space.

US Pat. No. 10,299,343

EXTERIOR AIRCRAFT LIGHT UNIT AND METHOD OF DISABLING A LIGHT OUTPUT OF AN EXTERIOR AIRCRAFT LIGHT UNIT

GOODRICH LIGHTING SYSTEMS...

1. An exterior aircraft light unit, comprising:a power input coupleable to an aircraft on-board power supply,
at least one LED coupled to the power input for receiving power from the aircraft on-board power supply and configured to emit a light output,
an optical sensor arranged for sensing an intensity detection portion of the light output and configured to output a detection signal indicative of an intensity level of the light output,
an end of life detector, coupled to the optical sensor for receiving the detection signal and configured to determine an end of life condition, and
a fuse circuit coupled to the end of life detector,
wherein the at least one LED, the optical sensor and the fuse circuit are arranged on an LED circuit board and wherein the fuse circuit is configured to irreversibly disable power reception at the LED circuit board upon the end of life detector communicating the end of life condition to the fuse circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,299,337

SYSTEMS TO CONTROL DIMMING OPERATIONS OF A LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LIGHT FIXTURE USING MULTIPLE DIMMING MODES

ABL IP Holding LLC, Atla...

1. A lighting system, comprising:a first light source configured to output a first light color;
a second light source configured to output a second light color;
a switching device configured to couple and decouple the second light source in parallel with the first light source, wherein the switching device comprises:
a first setting configured to (i) couple the second light source in parallel with the first light source and (ii) enable a variable color dimming operation; and
a second setting configured to (i) decouple the second light source from the first light source and (ii) enable a static color dimming operation; and
a light source controller configured to (i) monitor a magnitude of the current provided by a driver to the first light source and the second light source and (ii) control, based on the monitored magnitude of the current provided by the driver, application of the current to the second light source using an additional switching device.

US Pat. No. 10,295,085

CABLE ANCHOR

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A method for attaching a cable to a sheet, comprising:mounting a second clamp portion to a first side of a sheet, so that a second cable receiving portion protrudes through the sheet to receive the cable at a second side of the sheet opposite to the first side;
positioning the cable in the second cable receiving portion;
positioning a first clamp portion with a first cable receiving portion over the cable so that the cable is between the first and second cable receiving portions thus sandwiching the cable and the sheet between the first and second clamp portions; and
securing the first and second clamping portions to each other so that the first and second cable receiving portions co-operate to retain the cable;
wherein the step of attaching the second clamp portion to the sheet comprises securing the second clamp portion to the sheet with mounting members that protrude from a mounting surface of the second clamp portion;
wherein the step of attaching the second clamp portion to the sheet comprises;
aligning at least one flexible mounting member with at least one mount aperture in the sheet,
pressing the second clamp portion towards the first side of the sheet,
displacing the distal end of the at least one flexible mounting member as it passes through the at least one mount aperture,
releasing the pressure from the second clamp portion thus allowing the distal end of the at least one flexible mounting member to return from its displaced position.
US Pat. No. 10,293,044

PARTICULATE FORMULATIONS FOR IMPROVING FEED CONVERSION RATE IN A SUBJECT

Auburn University, Aubur...

1. A method for improving feed conversion rate in an animal in need thereof, the method comprising administering orally to the animal a composition comprising biodegradable particles, the biodegradable particles comprising a polymer or a co-polymer comprising polylactide (PLA) and having an effective average diameter of 0.5-5 ?m, wherein the animal is administered a dose of the biodegradable particles that is effective for improving feed conversion rate in the animal in comparison to an animal that is not administered the composition.

US Pat. No. 10,299,420

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT MOUNTING METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An electronic component mounting method for mounting electronic components on substrates by using an electronic component mounting system built by joining a plurality of component mounting apparatuses that perform component mounting operations, the method comprising:conveying substrates received from upstream apparatuses in a first substrate conveyance mechanism and a second substrate conveyance mechanism in a substrate conveyance direction;
positioning and holding the substrates with a substrate holding section;
providing a first operation performance mechanism and a second operation performance mechanism in correspondence to the first substrate conveyance mechanism and the second substrate conveyance mechanism, wherein the first operation performance mechanism and the second operation performance mechanism perform predetermined operation performance while taking the substrates held by the substrate holding sections as targets;
selecting an operation control section that selects any one of two modes of a first operation mode and a second operation mode with an operation control section, wherein the operation control section controls the first substrate conveyance mechanism, the second substrate conveyance mechanism, the first operation performance mechanism, and the second operation performance mechanism to perform the selected mode; and wherein the first operation mode is a mode letting one operation performance mechanism carry out operation performance while taking as a target only a substrate held by the substrate holding section of a substrate conveyance mechanism corresponding to the operation performance mechanism, and the second operation mode is a mode in which one operation performance mechanism can carry out operation performance while taking as targets two substrates held by the substrate holding section of the substrate conveyance mechanism and the substrate holding section of the other substrate conveyance mechanism;
wherein at least two of the component mounting apparatuses are electronic component mounting apparatuses that mount on the substrates electronic components picked up from a tray feeder by a mounting head of a component mounting mechanism that serves as the operation performance mechanism; and
wherein the second operation mode is sent as an operation mode to be selectively carried out to at least the two electronic component mounting apparatuses when the component mounting operation is carried out, and one of the tray feeders of at least the two electronic component mounting apparatuses is used in operation performance intended for a substrate held by the substrate holding section of the first substrate conveyance mechanism, and the other tray feeder is used in operation performance intended for a substrate held by the substrate holding section of the second substrate conveyance mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,299,412

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COOLING COMPUTING DEVICES WITHIN A FACILITY

Core Scientific, Inc., B...

1. A system for cooling computing devices within a facility, the facility having an interior space that includes a supply air space and an exhaust air space, the supply air space being configured to supply outside air to the computing devices to cool the computing devices during operation of said computing devices, and the exhaust air space being configured to exhaust heated air from the computing devices to the external environment, the system comprising:a first air inlet that is coupled with an exterior wall of the facility and that is configured to deliver outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
a second air inlet that is coupled with the exterior wall of the facility and that is configured to supply outside air to the supply air space from the external environment;
an exhaust air damper that is configured to exhaust the heated air from the exhaust air space to the external environment;
a plurality of computing devices that are arranged within the interior space so as to be positioned between the supply air space and the exhaust air space, wherein substantially each of the computing devices include a fan that is capable of moving the outside air across one or more heat generating components of the computing device to cool the heat generating components;
an air filter assembly that is positioned between the supply air space and the computing devices, the air filter assembly being configured to filter the outside air that is supplied to the computing devices from the air supply space;
a mixing damper that is positioned within the interior space of the facility between the supply air space and the exhaust air space, the mixing damper being operable to control an amount of exhaust air that is supplied from the exhaust air space to the supply air space for mixing with the outside air supplied through the first air inlet; and
a mixing shaft that is positioned downstream of the first air inlet and mixing damper so that the outside air and the exhaust air are delivered to the mixing shaft and flow through the mixing shaft, the mixing shaft including a plurality of elongate members that project into the mixing shaft to create turbulent airflow to promote mixing of the outside air and the exhaust air as the outside air and the exhaust air flow through the mixing shaft;wherein airflow through the system is driven entirely by the combined airflow of a plurality of the fans of the computing devices; andwherein the second air inlet is positioned vertically below the first air inlet and includes a damper that is operable to control an amount of outside air that flows through the second air inlet to the supply air space.

US Pat. No. 10,299,411

DATA CENTER

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A data center, comprising:a first rack including a first electronic apparatus and further including a first air intake face that inhales air to be supplied to the first electronic apparatus and a first air exhaust face that exhausts air exhausted from the first electronic apparatus as first exhaust air;
a second rack including a second electronic apparatus and further including a second air intake face that inhales air to be supplied to the second electronic apparatus and a second air exhaust face that exhausts air exhausted from the second electronic apparatus as second exhaust air, the second air intake face being disposed in an opposing relationship to the first air intake face;
a supply duct provided over a first space between the first air intake face and the second air intake face, including an air intake fan and that supplies air inhaled by the air intake fan to the first space;
a first circulation duct including a first suction port that sucks the first exhaust air and a first exhaust port that is disposed at the first space side and that exhausts the first exhaust air, the first circulation duct being provided separately from the supply duct between an upper portion of the first rack and the supply duct so as to close up the first space and that circulates the first exhaust air to the first space;
a second circulation duct including a second suction port that sucks the second exhaust air and a second exhaust port that is disposed at the first space side and that exhausts the second exhaust air, the second circulation duct being provided separately from the supply duct between an upper portion of the second rack and the supply duct so as to close up the first space and that circulates the second exhaust air to the first space;
a first barrier that closes up the first space at one end portion of the first rack and the second rack; and
a second barrier that closes up the first space at the other end portion at the opposite side to the one end portion of the first rack and the second rack;
the first suction port and the second suction port are disposed at the first barrier side or the second barrier side,
the first suction port and the second suction port are provided at a side of a room at which an exhaust port is provided,
the first suction port directly sucks the first exhaust air from a second space at the opposite side to the first space across the first rack in the room,
the first exhaust air is automatically circulated through the first circulation duct by a pressure difference between the first space and the second space,
the second suction port directly sucks the second exhaust air form a third space at the opposite side to the first space across the second rack in the room, and
the second exhaust air is automatically circulated through the second circulation duct by a pressure difference between the first space and the third space.

US Pat. No. 10,299,402

ANTI-EARTHQUAKE SERVER RACK

Quanta Computer Inc., Ta...

1. An earthquake protective server rack for housing servers, said server rack comprising:an upper server rack frame; the upper server rack frame comprising a housing for at least one server;
a lower server rack frame, the lower server rack frame comprising at least two linear modules that permit movement along two perpendicular axes; and
a dampening layer, said dampening layer being situate between said at least two linear modules.

US Pat. No. 10,299,396

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING IMPROVED VISUAL AND OPTIONALLY TACTILE FEATURES ON A SUBSTRATE

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a substrate comprising a first major surface, a second major surface opposite the first major surface, and at least one edge surface extending between the first and second major surfaces, the substrate comprising an at least partially transparent material;
at least one visual element disposed on the second major surface of the substrate and/or within the substrate such that the at least one visual element may be viewed through the first major surface; and
at least one tactile element disposed on the first major surface of the substrate, the at least one tactile element comprising one or more surface roughness portions,
wherein at least some of the one or more surface roughness portions of the tactile element are positioned on the first major surface of the substrate in a complimentary fashion with respect to at least some of the one or more visual portions of the visual element to modify the visual effect of the visual element as viewed through the first major surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,299,391

ROLLABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A rollable display device comprising:a body including a main roller and a link drive unit;
a flexible display panel including a lower end coupled to the main roller, the flexible display panel wound around the main roller; and
two link assemblies, each of the two link assemblies including an upper link frame having an upper end connected to an upper end of the flexible display panel, a lower link frame having a lower end connected to the link drive unit, a center link connector, and an elastic plate fixed to the lower link frame, a lower end of the upper link frame and an upper end of the lower link frame coupled to the center link connector,
wherein the center link connector includes a first connection plate disposed close to the flexible display panel, and a second connection plate disposed parallel to the first connection plate, and
wherein the lower end of the upper link frame and the upper end of the lower link frame are disposed between the first connection plate and the second connection plate.

US Pat. No. 10,299,376

ELECTRICAL WIRING MEMBER PRODUCTION METHOD, ELECTRICAL WIRING MEMBER FORMING MATERIAL, ELECTRICAL WIRING MEMBER, ELECTRICAL WIRING BOARD PRODUCTION METHOD, ELECTRICAL WIRING BOARD FORMING MATERIAL, ELECTRICAL WIRING BOARD, VIBRATOR, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS,

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electrical wiring member production method, comprising:preparing a composition that contains a resin material and metal particles with an insulating layer, the metal particles with the insulating layer being formed by:
preparing the metal particles having electrical conductivity; and
placing the insulating layer on an outer surface of each of the metal particles, the insulating layer being made of a glass material as a main material;
molding the composition so as to form a molded body; and
irradiating the molded body with an energy beam so that the irradiated region becomes an electrical wiring.

US Pat. No. 10,299,374

FLEXIBLE ELECTRONIC SUBSTRATE

CAMBRIDGE NANOTHERM LIMIT...

1. A flexible electronic substrate (FES) comprising:a metallic layer having a thickness of between 5 micrometres and 200 micrometres:
a flexible dielectric nanoceramic layer formed at least in part by oxidation of a surface of the metallic layer; and
an electrical circuit formed on a surface of the flexible dielectric nanoceramic layer,
wherein the flexible dielectric nanoceramic layer has a crystalline structure that includes substantially equiaxed grains such that the flexible dielectric nanoceramic layer does not possess anisotropic mechanical properties, the the flexible dielectric nanceramic layer having an average grain size of 100 nanometres or less, a thickness of between 1 micrometre and 50 micrometres, a dielectric strength of greater than 20 KV mm?1, and a thermal conductivity of greater than 3 W/mK, and
wherein the FES has a minimum bend radius that is lower than 20 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,299,370

DIFFERENTIAL TRACE PAIR SYSTEM

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A printed circuit board, comprising:a first insulating layer;
a first conductive layer that is located immediately adjacent the first insulating layer;
a second conductive layer that is located immediately adjacent the first insulating layer and opposite the first insulating layer from the first conductive layer, wherein the second conductive layer includes a second conductive layer aperture that extends through the second conductive layer;
a second insulating layer that is located immediately adjacent the second conductive layer and opposite the second conductive layer from the first insulating layer, wherein the second conductive layer aperture provides for the engagement of the first insulating layer and the second insulating layer; and
a first differential trace pair that is included in the second insulating layer such that the first differential trace pair is spaced apart from the second conductive layer, wherein first differential trace pair includes:
a first differential trace that is positioned adjacent the second conductive layer and configured to reference to the second conductive layer; and
a second differential trace that is longer than the first differential trace and that includes a first portion that is positioned adjacent the second conductive layer aperture and configured to reference to the first conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,299,354

ZIGBEE OPERATED PHASE CONTROL LIGHTING CONTROLLER WITH SENSORS

EuControls, Corp, Garden...

1. A lighting controller comprising:a ZigBee enabled microcontroller unit including a ZigBee wireless transceiver;
a phase control output receiving a control signal from the ZigBee enabled microcontroller unit to modulate a voltage from an alternating current hot line and an alternating current ground line using either leading edge (LE) dimming or trailing edge (TE) dimming for controlling a dimming luminaire, which is an LED light;
at least one sensor chosen from the group consisting of a light detector, a motion detector, an acoustic detector, a temperature sensor, and a microwave detector, wherein the at least one sensor is electrically connected to the phase control output; and
an AC/DC converter having an input connected to the alternating current hot line and an alternating current neutral line, and an output for providing a DC power output to the ZigBee enabled microcontroller unit, wherein the input is connected to a low power isolated transformer having a secondary winding in series-connection with a diode and a resistor forming a parallel connection with a capacitor and a Zener diode providing a 12V DC power supply, wherein the ZigBee wireless transceiver has a ZigBee antenna that provides a wireless transmission for the ZigBee enabled microcontroller unit, the ZigBee enabled microcontroller unit being directly connected to the at least one sensor, receiving data that represents outputs from the at least one sensor, processing the data, and modulating light output of the LED light according thereto, wherein the ZigBee enabled microcontroller unit is remotely connected to an infrared (IR) remote transmitter for receiving a wireless control signal therefrom and is wirelessly in communication with other local area networks via antennas thereof and discerning internet access via an Ethernet cable connection.

US Pat. No. 10,299,350

DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRICAL LOADS

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A room lighting system controller comprising:a memory;
a microprocessor configured to access data from the memory and provide commands to assign a plurality of loads to a first group, a second group, or both the first and second groups;
a relay for powering a load; and
a port for connecting a peripheral device, wherein the port is configured to send and receive data packets including a device type and a device instance byte, the device instance byte including a port number identifying the port and a slot number identifying a time slot within a time domain multiplexing cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,299,332

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTELLIGENT DIMMING CONTROL USING TRIAC DIMMERS

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

1. An apparatus for a power conversion system, the apparatus comprising:a process-and-drive component configured to receive an input signal and output a drive signal to a switch to affect a current that flows through one or more light emitting diodes, the one or more light emitting diodes being associated with a secondary winding of a power conversion system;
wherein:
the input signal includes a pulse associated with a pulse width;
the process-and-drive component is further configured to:
process information associated with the pulse width; and
generate the drive signal based on at least information associated with the pulse width so that the current changes non-linearly with the pulse width but a brightness of the one or more light emitting diodes changes linearly with the pulse width.

US Pat. No. 10,299,327

LED DEVICE AND CONTROL UNIT THEREOF

XIAMEN ECO LIGHTING CO. L...

1. An LED device, comprising:a first LED light string, the first LED light string having a first turn-on voltage;
a second LED light string, the second LED light string having a second turn-on voltage;
a rectifying module for receiving an input signal;
a control unit, the control unit being connected to the first LED light string and the second LED light string, the control unit being connected to the rectifying module, the control unit outputting an output current, the output current comprising a driving current flowing through the first LED light string and the second LED light string; and
wherein the control unit cuts off the driving current only when the input signal is between a threshold voltage and a sum voltage or when the input signal is below a first predetermined voltage level where the first predetermined voltage level is lower the threshold voltage, the sum voltage being at least a sum of the first turn-on voltage and the second turn-on voltage, the threshold voltage being greater than the first turn-on voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,299,311

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ENSURING CONTINUOUS COMMUNICATION BETWEEN A USER DEVICE AND AN EMERGENCY DISPATCHER UNIT

Carbyne Ltd., Tel-Aviv (...

1. A method for ensuring continuous communication between a user device and an emergency dispatcher unit, comprising:establishing a first communication link between a user device and an emergency dispatcher unit via a first application installed on the user device;
receiving reconnection information based on the first communication link;
performing an analysis of connection parameters related to the first communication link, the connection parameters includes members of a group consisting: files accessed on the user device during the first connection link, a network status, a network load, operating system errors, and an application responsiveness;
detecting an imminent crash of the first application based on the analysis of connection parameters; and
establishing, using the reconnection information, a second communication link between the user device and the emergency dispatcher through a second application when an imminent crash is detected, wherein the second communication link is established before the first application crashes, such that there is continuous transmission of communication between the user device and the emergency dispatcher unit.

US Pat. No. 10,298,326

CODED LIGHT

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A device for processing and/or decoding an input signal, the device comprising:a camera configured to capture the input signal (X(f)); and
a processor, wherein the processor includes a Wiener filter for equalizing an effect of a first filter on the input signal (X(f)) which is subject to the first filter and to noise and/or interference (N(f)), wherein
the first filter is dependent on at least one unknown quantity;
the Wiener filter is configured based on an averaged representation of the first filter averaged over said at least one unknown quantity, in place of a representation of the first filter being assumed to be known; and
wherein said averaged representation comprises an average of the conjugate of the first filter; and
wherein the input signal (X(f)) comprises a coded light signal captured by a rolling shutter acquisition process whereby each line of a frame is exposed in turn for an exposure time, said Wiener filter being a result of the rolling shutter acquisition process with the exposure time being said plurality of unknown quantities.

US Pat. No. 10,297,790

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY APPARATUS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting display apparatus, comprising:a substrate;
an organic light emitting portion including a plurality of organic light emitting devices formed on the substrate; and
an encapsulation portion for encapsulating the organic light emitting portion;
wherein:
the encapsulation portion comprises:
a porous layer formed on the organic light emitting portion;
a planarization layer formed on the porous layer; and
a barrier layer formed on the planarization layer.

US Pat. No. 10,299,403

MODULAR THERMAL SOLUTION FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE PROCESSORS

Advanced Micro Devices, I...

1. A thermal management system, comprising:a heat sink operable to convey heat from a heat generating component;
a duct configured to be positioned in a computing device enclosure and having a first side and a second side, the first side having a first air mover mounting position, a first opening in the first side proximate the first air mover mounting position to direct air in a first direction past the heat sink, the second side having a second air mover mounting position and a second opening proximate the second air mover mounting position to direct air in a second direction past the heat sink, the second direction being non-parallel to the first direction; and
a removable cover to block the first opening and enable air to be moved through the second opening or to block the second opening to enable air to be moved through the first opening.

US Pat. No. 10,299,397

AUTO-LOCK MECHANISM

Quanta Computer Inc., Ta...

1. A locking mechanism configured to secure a component card to a main board, the locking mechanism comprising:a base having a top portion and a coupling portion engageable with the main board;
a sliding element slidably coupled to the base, the sliding element having a protrusion extending therefrom and a beveled edge, wherein the sliding element is slidable between a locked position and an unlocked position, the unlocked position having the protrusion displaced towards the base relative to the locked position; and
a biasing element disposed between the base and the sliding element within a protuberance extending opposite the protrusion, the biasing element urging the sliding element toward the locked position, wherein the protuberance comprising an aperture formed at an end opposite the protrusion and configured to allow at least a portion of the biasing element to extend through as the sliding element is transitioned to the unlocked position, wherein the protuberance comprises a spring receiving portion disposed within the base, wherein the sliding element has a spring guide disposed within the spring receiving portion forming an annulus between the spring guide and the spring receiving portion, and the spring disposed within annulus and coupled with the sliding element;
wherein the base and the sliding element are arranged so that in the locked position, a bottom surface of the protrusion and a top surface of the base define a receiving space.

US Pat. No. 10,299,382

CONNECTION BODY AND CONNECTION BODY MANUFACTURING METHOD

DEXERIALS CORPORATION, T...

1. A connection body comprising:an electronic component connected onto a circuit substrate via an anisotropic conductive adhesive agent;
wherein the anisotropic conductive adhesive agent has a binder resin in which conductive particles are arranged;
wherein the conductive particles in a space between connecting electrodes formed on the electronic component have an average inter-particle distance with respect to each other that is greater than an inter-particle distance of the conductive particles trapped between substrate electrodes formed on the circuit substrate and the connecting electrodes, and
wherein external tangent lines of the arranged conductive particles trapped between the substrate electrodes formed on the circuit substrate and the connecting electrodes intersect with adjacent conductive particles in a longitudinal direction of the substrate electrode and the connecting electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,299,335

CONFIGURABLE LIGHTING SYSTEM

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A luminaire comprising:at least one input settable to one of at least two states, the at least two states comprising a first state and a second state;
a first light source having a first color temperature;
a second light source having a second color temperature; and
a controller connected to the at least one input, the first light source, and the second light source, the controller configured to:
power the first light source when the at least one input is in the first state; and
power the first light source and the second light source when the at least one input is in the second state.

US Pat. No. 10,299,325

OPTOELECTRONIC CIRCUIT WITH LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES

Aledia, Grenoble (FR)

1. An optoelectronic circuit intended to receive a variable voltage containing an alternation of rising and falling phases, the optoelectronic circuit comprising:a plurality of assemblies of light-emitting diodes;
a current source configured to supply a current having an intensity depending on at least one control signal, the current source comprising elementary current sources assembled in parallel and configured to be activated and deactivated independently from one another; and
a switching device configured to control said current through each assembly of the assemblies of light-emitting diodes, and configured to supply said at least one control signal to vary the intensity of said current according to the number of assemblies conducting said current during at least a rising or falling phase.

US Pat. No. 10,299,380

FASTENING DEVICE FOR JOINING CIRCUIT BOARDS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING SAME

HONGFUJIN PRECISION ELECT...

1. A fastening device comprising:a bottom plate configured to fixed to a first circuit board having at least one connector;
a first rotating arm comprising a first end and a second end;
a second rotating arm comprising a third end and a fourth end both, the fourth end defining a sliding groove; and
an elastic member positioned between the first rotating arm and the bottom plate;
wherein the first end and the third end are rotatably fixed to the bottom plate, the second end is slidably fixed in the sliding groove, when the second end rotates around the first end toward the bottom plate, the second end slides along the sliding groove and the third end rotates around the fourth end toward the bottom plate; when the first rotating arm rotates toward the bottom plate, the elastic member abuts against the bottom plate to drive the first connector to move toward a second connector positioned on a second printed board.

US Pat. No. 10,299,375

FLEXIBLE CIRCUIT BOARD HAVING ENHANCED BENDING DURABILITY

GigaLane Co., Ltd., Hwas...

1. A flexible circuit board having enhanced bending durability, the flexible circuit board comprising:a first substrate part;
a second substrate part extending from one side of the first substrate part and parallel to the first substrate part, wherein the second substrate part is thinner than the first substrate part and bendable; and
a third substrate part extending from one side of the second substrate part and thinner than the second substrate part, wherein the third substrate part is bendable, and
wherein the first substrate part comprises:
a first dielectric,
a second dielectric facing an upper surface of the first dielectric,
a third dielectric facing a bottom surface of the first dielectric,
a first ground layer stacked on the first dielectric,
a second ground layer stacked on the bottom surface of the first dielectric,
a third ground layer stacked on the second dielectric,
a fourth ground layer stacked on a bottom surface of the third dielectric, and
a via hole penetrating from the first dielectric to the third dielectric and the first ground layer to the fourth ground layer so that the first ground layer to the fourth ground layer is electrically connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,299,342

INDEPENDENTLY-ADDRESSABLE LIGHT CONTROL RELAY, CONTROLLER INCORPORATING SAME, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SAME

1. A light control system for controlling low voltage lighting associated with pools and surrounding landscaping, as well as related landscape and water features, and related music and entertainment devices, the light control system powering a load and comprising:a controller having a power input and a control circuit;
a power source communicatively coupled to the power input of the light control system;
a power transformer, having power transformer circuitry, communicatively coupled to the power input of said controller, said power transformer effectively converting said power input from a high voltage AC input on a high voltage side of said power transformer circuitry of said power transformer to a relatively low voltage power output source on a low voltage side of said power transformer circuitry; and
at least one power interruption mechanism electrically coupled to said low voltage side of said power transformer in said control circuit of said controller having said second lower voltage of said power transformer, said at least one power interruption mechanism having at least one independently-addressable power interruption mechanism relay coupling said low voltage side of said transformer output source to the load powered by the light control system and controlled by the controller such that the power source to the load can be selectively interrupted by the at least one power interruption mechanism relay upon receiving a signal from the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,299,321

MULTI-CHANNEL WHITE LIGHT TUNING

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A driver of a lighting fixture, the driver comprising:a power circuitry configured to provide:
a first direct-current (DC) current over a first electrical connection to a first string of light emitting diodes (LEDs) of a light source that emit a first white light having a first correlated color temperature (CCT);
a second DC current over a second electrical connection to a second string of LEDs of the light source that emit a second white light having a second CCT; and
a third DC current over a third electrical connection to a third string of LEDs of the light source that emit a third white light having a third CCT; and
a controller that controls the power circuitry to change an amount of the first DC current, an amount of the second DC current, and an amount of the third DC current to adjust a CCT of an output light provided by the light source, wherein the output light includes two white lights from among the first white light, the second white light, and the third white light, wherein the controller is configured to control the power circuitry such that, when the driver is set to a first CCT value, the first DC current is off and the third DC current is on and when the driver is set to a second CCT value, the third DC current is off and the first DC current is on resulting in the CCT of the output light being closer to the black-body curve compared to a CCT of a combined light that is a combination of the first white light and the third white light when the driver is set to the first CCT value or the second CCT value and both the first DC current and the third DC current are on, wherein the first CCT is warmer than the second CCT, wherein the second CCT is warmer than the third CCT, and wherein the first DC current, the second DC current, and the third DC current are adjustable independent of each other, wherein the driver controls the power circuitry to change the amount of the first DC current, the amount of the second DC current, and the amount of the third DC current based on a CCT setting input received by the driver from a 0-10V user control unit, wherein the controller is configured to monitor the amount of the first DC current, the amount of the second DC current, and the amount of the third DC current.

US Pat. No. 10,299,274

INSERTING VIRTUAL CARRIER IN CONVENTIONAL OFDM HOST CARRIER IN COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

SCA IPLA HOLDINGS INC., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:circuitry configured to
locate, within a wireless access interface provided by a base station, a virtual carrier that includes a first plurality of resource elements across a first range of system resource blocks which is within and smaller than a second range of system resource blocks that span a system frequency bandwidth;
decode a control portion within the virtual carrier, the control portion identifying resource elements within the virtual carrier that are allocated to the electronic device;
locate the allocated resource elements within the virtual carrier based on the decoded control portion; and
receive data transmitted by the base station by decoding the allocated resource elements within the virtual carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,298,859

ENHANCED VISUAL REPRESENTATION OF INFRARED DATA VALUES

FLIR Systems AB, Taby (S...

1. A method comprising:receiving an infrared (IR) image frame comprising IR data values captured by a detector comprising a plurality of detector elements, wherein the IR image frame comprises, for each detector element, a pixel having an assigned one of the IR data values representing a temperature value associated with infrared radiation emitted from an observed scene and received by the detector element;
converting the IR image frame to a visible image frame according to a color model by:
assigning, to each pixel, (i) a color value selected from a plurality of color values corresponding to at least one color-representing component based on the IR data value of the pixel and according to a first mapping between IR data values representing temperatures and color-representing component values from a palette, each of the plurality of color values corresponding to a different IR value range, the color value selected for the pixel corresponding to a particular IR value range comprising the IR data value of the pixel, the first mapping being invariable with respect to a range of the captured IR data values in the IR image frame so as to maintain a fixed temperature-to-color mapping, and (ii) a grayscale value corresponding to a grayscale-representing component according to a second mapping based on the IR data value of the pixel with respect to other IR data values within the particular IR value range associated with the pixel, and
generating, for each pixel, a visible pixel value by combining the corresponding color value and the corresponding grayscale value assigned to the pixel; and
displaying the visible image frame by presenting, for each pixel in the IR image frame, the corresponding visible pixel value.

US Pat. No. 10,295,101

PUSH PLUG TYPE LINE STOP BRANCH ASSEMBLY

Total Piping Solutions, I...

1. A push plug type line stop branch assembly for use with a tapping sleeve disposed on a pipe, the assembly comprising:a branch configured and arranged for attachment to the tapping sleeve, the branch having a body with a flange extending outward from a top surface of the body, the branch having a bore defined therein, the bore defined by an inner wall having a first wall section having an inside diameter and a second wall section having an inside diameter smaller than the inside diameter of the first wall section, a horizontal wall section extends between the first and second wall sections to form a shoulder adjacent to the top entrance to the bore, the inner wall further comprises a transition wall section with a decreasing inside diameter and a third wall section disposed adjacent to the transition wall section, the third wall section having an inside diameter smaller than the inside diameter of the second wall section, the third wall section defines a sealing bore surface;
a plug having a body with a first diameter, the plug having a lip with a second diameter that is greater than the first diameter, the plug having a first groove and a second groove defined therein, the plug configured and arranged to slide into the bore of the branch in a longitudinal direction until the lip on the plug engages with the shoulder in the branch, the plug configured such that when the plug engages with the shoulder, the top surface of the plug is disposed substantially level with the top surface of the branch and the position of the plug can be confirmed from a visual inspection of the top surface of the branch;
an O-ring disposed in the first groove in the plug, the O-ring configured and arranged to provide a seal inside the bore when the plug is inserted into the bore of the branch such that the lip engages the shoulder; and,
at least one set screw configured and arranged to extend through the branch into the second groove in the plug when the plug is inserted into the branch such that the lip engages with the shoulder.

US Pat. No. 10,293,647

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ADJUSTABLE HITCH

Rhino Hitch, Inc., Salt ...

1. An adjustable hitch comprising:a hitch body having an adjustment element;
a mount; and
a coupling assembly coupled to the hitch body and the mount, wherein the coupling assembly comprises a first and second coupling member each having a first end rotatably coupled to the hitch body and an opposing second end rotatably coupled to the mount thereby enabling the mount to transition in a non-linear path between a first position and a second position with respect to the hitch body,
wherein the mount is fixed in the first position when a first portion of the first coupling member is coupled to the hitch body at the adjustment element, and wherein the mount is fixed in the second position when a second portion of the first coupling member is coupled to the hitch body at the adjustment element.

US Pat. No. 10,299,364

EMITTER FOR DISSOCIATING GAS MOLECULES USING NON-LINEAR QUANTUM DISSONANCE

Nova Institute of Technol...

1. An emitter, comprising:a palladium plated anode, including an electrode which is arcuate in three dimensions and a conductor rod connected to the electrode; and
a cathode, at least a portion of which is palladium plated,
wherein the anode is disposed within a void of the cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,299,363

COOLING PLASMA TORCH NOZZLES AND RELATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Hypertherm, Inc., Hanove...

1. A nozzle for a plasma arc torch, the nozzle comprising:a first body having a first tip end, a second end, and a longitudinal axis; and
a second body disposed about a portion of the first body to complement the first body, the second body comprising a set of axial features extending inwardly from an internal surface of the second body, the axial features having a radial height sufficient to form a surface-to-surface seal between the first body and the second body, the axial features being shaped to form a set of longitudinal liquid flow passages forming a coolant loop between the first body and the second body,
the second body at least partially defining at least one coolant inlet and at least one coolant outlet to the set of longitudinal liquid flow passages; and
a fluid seal formed between the first body and the second body at or near the first tip end to limit liquid within the coolant loop from exiting the nozzle at the tip end of the nozzle,
the set of liquid flow passages defined by the axial features being configured to:
receive a liquid coolant from the at least one inlet;
direct the liquid coolant distally between the first body and second body toward the tip end; and
direct the liquid coolant around the axial features to reverse direction and flow proximally away from the tip end and expel the liquid coolant from between the first body and second body through the at least one outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,299,324

LED LIGHTING APPARATUS

SILICON WORKS CO., LTD., ...

7. A lighting apparatus comprising:a power supply circuit configured to provide a rectified voltage;
a first lighting unit comprising a plurality of LED groups connected in series and configured to sequentially emit light in response to the rectified voltage;
a second lighting unit connected in parallel with the first lighting unit to the power supply circuit, comprising a plurality of LED groups connected in series and configured to sequentially emit light in response to the rectified voltage, wherein the number of the LED groups of the second lighting unit is equal to the number of the LED groups of the first lighting unit;
a first driving circuit configured to provide a first current path corresponding to the light emission of the first lighting unit; and
a second driving circuit configured to provide a second current path corresponding to the light emission of the second lighting unit,
wherein a first LED group which first emits light among the plurality of LED groups of the first lighting unit has first light emitting voltage and a first LED group which first emits light among the plurality of LED groups of the second lighting unit has a second light emitting voltage,
wherein the second light emitting voltage is greater than the first light emitting voltage, and
wherein the first LED group of the second lighting unit emits light between a first light emitting point of time of the first LED group of the first lighting unit and a second light emitting point of time which is before any light emitting points of time of the other LED groups of the first lighting unit.

US Pat. No. 10,299,320

LIGHT EMITTING MODULE THEREOF

1. A light-emitting module, comprising:a power supply module;
a first sub-circuit and a second sub-circuit, the first sub-circuit comprising a first light-emitting diode module, the second sub-circuit comprising a second light-emitting diode module and a passive component, wherein the passive component is a diode and connected with the second light-emitting diode module in series, and the maximum power dissipation of the diode is 500 mW, the lighting color of the first light-emitting diode module is different from the lighting color of the second light-emitting diode module; and
a control module comprising a first pad, a second pad, a ground pad, and a power-supply pad, wherein the power supply module is coupled to the power-supply pad and the ground pad, the ground pad is coupled to a ground, the first sub-circuit is connected between the first pad and the power-supply pad and the second sub-circuit is connected between the second pad and the power-supply pad, the control module is configured to selectively connect the power supply module with the first sub-circuit and the second sub-circuit and drive the first light-emitting diode module and the second light-emitting diode module to emit light;
wherein the voltage drop of the first light-emitting diode module is between 2.8V and 3.2V, the voltage drop of the second light-emitting diode module is between 1.8V and 2.2V, the voltage drop of the first light-emitting diode module during lighting is greater than the voltage drop of the second light-emitting diode module during lighting, the first sub-circuit only includes the first light-emitting diode module and without the passive component, and the voltage drop of the first light-emitting diode module substantially matches the sum of the voltage drop of the second light-emitting diode module and the passive component connected with the second light-emitting diode module in series;
wherein outside of the control module, there is no transistor disposed between the first sub-circuit and the power-supply pad or between the first sub-circuit and the first pad, and there is no transistor disposed between the second sub-circuit and the power-supply pad or between the second sub-circuit and the second pad.

US Pat. No. 10,299,308

TERMINAL DEVICE, COMMUNICATION METHOD, AND INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

2. A communication method to be used by a terminal device, the method comprising the steps of:selecting a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) resource used to transmit a scheduling request, from a first PUCCH resource in a first subframe in a first serving cell and a second PUCCH resource in the first subframe in a second serving cell; and
transmitting Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest ACKnowledgement (HARQ-ACK) by using a predetermined PUCCH format, in the first subframe in the first serving cell; wherein
in a case that the PUCCH resource is selected in the first serving cell,
transmitting, in the first subframe in the first serving cell, the HARQ-ACK using the predetermined PUCCH format and the scheduling request, and
not transmitting, in the first subframe in the second serving cell, the scheduling request using a PUCCH format 1, and
in a case that the PUCCH resource is selected in the second serving cell,
transmitting, in the first subframe in the second serving cell, the HARQ-ACK using the predetermined PUCCH format and the scheduling request, and
transmitting, in the first subframe in the second serving cell, the scheduling request using the PUCCH format 1.

US Pat. No. 10,297,039

RECOGNITION DEVICE

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A recognition device for recognizing a position of a protruding section of a component to be mounted on a board, the recognition device comprising:a light source configured to emit light to a protruding section of a component;
an imaging device configured to image the protruding section of the component based on light reflected by the protruding section when light is emitted from the light source to the protruding section of the component; and
a data analysis device configured to recognize the position of the protruding section of the component imaged by the imaging device based on image data imaged by the imaging device, the data analysis device including
a creating section configured to, when a target component that is an imaging target of the imaging device is moved from one to another of a predetermined first set position and a second set position that is lower than the first set position, use the imaging device to image the protruding section of the component for each of a predetermined pitch and create image data for each pitch,
a determining section configured to determine whether the position of the protruding section of the component can be recognized based on each piece of image data for each pitch created by the creating section, and
a deciding section configured to decide, from among imaging positions that are positions of the target component during imaging according to image data for which it was determined by the determining section to be possible to recognize the position of the protruding section of the component, a position that is between a recognition upper limit position that is a position closest to the first set position and a recognition lower limit position that is a position closest to the second set position as a recommended imaging position.

US Pat. No. 10,295,221

WINDOW TYPE AIR CONDITIONER RACK

1. A window type air conditioner rack, comprising an upper frame main rack and a diagonal bracing rack inserted to the upper frame main rack; the diagonal bracing rack is adjustably fixed inside the upper frame main rack;the upper frame main rack comprises a windowsill connection assembly and horizontal supporting pillars fixedly mounted to the an outer side of the windowsill connection assembly;
the diagonal bracing rack has two identical sides, and each side comprises a U shaped plate forming a slot with an opening facing upwardly and a support rack provided at a bottom outer side of the U shaped plate; a bottom end of the support rack is fixedly mounted with a wall supporting plate;
the horizontal supporting pillars comprise a left horizontal supporting pillar and a right horizontal supporting pillar which are arranged in parallel and are structurally the same;
one end of the left horizontal supporting pillar and one end of the right horizontal supporting pillar are each welded to an upper side of an upper plate of a corresponding vertical bended plate;
said one end of the left horizontal supporting pillar and said one end of the right horizontal supporting pillar are fixed to the outer side of the windowsill connection assembly through the vertical bended plates; another end of the left horizontal supporting pillar and another end of the right horizontal pillar are fixedly connected with each other through a connection pillar; each of the left horizontal supporting pillar and the right horizontal supporting pillar has a C shape forming a slot having an opening that faces downwardly; two side panels of each of the left horizontal supporting pillar and the right horizontal supporting pillar are each provided with outer adjustment holes evenly arranged in intervals;
the support rack is positioned in an inclined manner; fixation holes are provided correspondingly on two side boards of the U shaped plate; a U shaped or V shaped resilient piece is provided inside the slot of the U shaped plate; two outer panels of the U shaped or V shaped resilient piece are each provided with a positioning bead; the positioning beads of the two outer panels correspond to each other; the positioning beads are inserted through the fixation holes;
when the positioning beads are pressed into inner sides of the fixation holes, and each U shaped plate is inserted into the left horizontal supporting pillar and the right horizontal supporting pillar respectively, each U shaped plate is slidable in the slot of the corresponding C shaped horizontal supporting pillar; once an outer surface of the wall supporting plate engages firmly with a wall such that the upper frame main rack is positioned horizontally parallel to the level around, the positioning beads are released and inserted into corresponding outer adjustment holes.

US Pat. No. 10,293,973

WELDED SENSOR DEVICE FOR PREVENTING DEFORMATION FROM HEAT GENERATION DURING THE WELDING OF THE WELDED SENSOR DEVICE

OMRON CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A sensor device comprising:a casing provided with an opening;
a cover member covering the opening;
a gasket interposed between the cover member and a portion of the casing located at a peripheral edge of the opening, to surround the opening; and
a fixing cover pressing the cover member toward the casing and thus holding the cover member to bring the gasket into close contact with the casing and the cover member, a plurality of welded portions bonding the casing and the fixing cover together,
wherein the welded portions are provided outside of the cover member such that each of the welded portions are distant enough from the gasket such that the welding of the welding portions does not melt the gasket when the welded portions are welded, wherein the plurality of welded portions are each provided at a position on a side of the casing inwardly of a bottom surface of the gasket in a direction along a normal to an opening plane of the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,293,182

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ADAPTIVE REPLANNING BASED ON MULTI-MODALITY IMAGING

The Medical College of Wi...

1. A method for adapting a radiotherapy treatment plan, the method comprising:providing an initial radiotherapy plan to be adapted according to an updated image set, the initial radiotherapy plan having a radiation dose distribution;
determining a plurality of dose gradients using the radiation dose distribution;
defining an optimization objective using the dose gradients;
receiving the updated image set;
generating, using the updated image set, an updated set of contours representative of an updated target volume;
forming a set of partial rings using the updated set of contours, the set of partial rings arranged about the updated set of contours representative of the updated target volume;
performing a plan optimization using the optimization objective and the set of partial rings; and
generating a report representative of an adapted radiotherapy plan obtained using the plan optimization.

US Pat. No. 10,299,409

PROTECTIVE LOUVER ASSEMBLY FOR AIR-MOVING ASSEMBLY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:providing a protective louver assembly of an air-moving assembly, the air-moving assembly being removable when in a non-operational state from a housing within which the air-moving assembly resides when in an operational state, the air-moving assembly being secured within the housing via at least one fastener, and the providing of the protective louver assembly comprising:
providing at least one louver disposed within the air-moving assembly at one of an air-inlet or an air-outlet of the air-moving assembly, the at least one louver pivoting between an operational orientation and a quiesced orientation, dependent on presence or absence, respectively, of airflow through the air-moving assembly; and
providing at least one interlock element extending away from a longitudinal axis of the at least one louver and pivoting with the at least one louver between the operational orientation and the quiesced orientation, the at least one interlock element blocking, at least in part, access in the operational orientation to the at least one fastener securing the air-moving assembly within the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,299,399

WATERPROOF CASE

1. Waterproof case for an electrical apparatus, comprising:a case body which defines an inner space for accommodating an electrically functional component and which comprises at least one first opening,
at least one first plug which is mounted in said first opening to form a first part of a wall of the inner space, wherein the first plug comprises at least one first terminal conduit forming a feedthrough for a first terminal,
wherein said first plug is arranged in said first opening to form with said case body a first external space, and
wherein said first external space is filled with an electrically insulating material for sealing said waterproof case.

US Pat. No. 10,299,394

ELECTRICAL FUNCTION CASSETTE HAVING WATERPROOF FUNCTION AND VENTILATING FAN EMPLOYING THE SAME

PANASONIC ECOLOGY SYSTEMS...

1. An electrical function cassette having a waterproof function, comprising:a function box for housing an electrical component,
a waterproof portion in a hollow rectangular parallelepiped shape, and
a first surface of the waterproof portion is provided with a wiring opening corresponding to a wiring port provided on a wall surface of the electrical function cassette, and a second surface of the waterproof portion adjacent to the first surface and not parallel to the first surface is provided with an insertion opening for inserting a lead wire into the waterproof portion,
wherein the lead wire is adapted to run through the insertion opening, and bent towards the electrical function cassette and run through the wiring opening and the wiring port so as to be inserted into the electrical function cassette;
wherein the waterproof portion is integrally formed with the electrical function cassette or separately formed with the electrical function cassette and fixed thereto, and is configured to protrude outwards from the wall surface of the electrical function cassette provided with the wiring port at a position corresponding to the wiring port such that the wiring opening is aligned with the wiring port.

US Pat. No. 10,299,326

USB-POWERED UTILITY TOOL

1842728 Ontario Inc, Bar...

1. A universal serial bus (USB)-powered utility tool comprising:a housing defining an interior space;
at least one dimmable light source positioned on one side of the housing;
a USB connector extending outwardly from the housing;
a printed circuit board (PCB) positioned orthogonal to the USB connector; and
a processor logic configured to control a current being supplied to the at least one dimmable light source.

US Pat. No. 10,299,318

DETECTING LEAKAGE WHEN HEATING A PERISHABLE DIELECTRIC LOAD

ANTRAD MEDICAL AB, Kista...

1. A cartridge configured to hold a perishable dielectric load during heating thereof in a heating chamber by means of an electromagnetic field, the cartridge comprising:at least one conducting container arranged between an emitting element for the electromagnetic field and the perishable dielectric load, the at least one conducting container holding dielectric matter and being configured to contact a load container holding the perishable dielectric load so as to bridge energy from the electromagnetic field into the perishable dielectric load; and
a first surface configured to face the emitting element when being positioned in the heating chamber, the first surface containing a recess configured to receive any fluid having leaked out from the at least one conducting container and/or the load container.

US Pat. No. 10,299,317

HEATER AND GLOW PLUG PROVIDED WITH SAME

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A heater comprising:an insulating base;
a resistor buried in the insulating base; and
a lead buried in the insulating base and connected to a front end side of the resistor, wherein
the heater includes a connection portion in which the resistor and the lead overlap each other in a direction perpendicular to an axial direction of the lead,
a boundary between the resistor and the lead comprises a convex shape when the connection portion is seen in a cross section perpendicular to the axial direction,
the lead decreases in width and thickness within the connection portion as the lead extends in the axial direction, and
the boundary between the resistor and the lead at least at a rear end side of the connection portion when being seen in a cross section perpendicular to the axial direction is convex at a lead side.

US Pat. No. 10,299,312

MANAGING TRANSITIONS BETWEEN DIFFERENT USER EQUIPMENT ACTIVITY CONFIGURATIONS

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method by a user equipment (UE) of a telecommunications system, the method comprising:obtaining a first UE activity configuration;
obtaining a second UE activity configuration, wherein an activity and/or inactivity duration defined by the first UE activity configuration is different than an activity and/or inactivity duration defined by the second activity configuration;
performing a transition between the UE using the first UE activity configuration and the UE using the second UE activity configuration; and
adapting one or more operations started or being performed under the first UE activity configuration being used just before the transition, which adaptation is based on at least one of: the type of operation, activity and/or inactivity level of the first UE activity configuration and/or of the second UE activity configuration, and a relation between the first UE activity configuration and the second UE activity configuration,
wherein adapting one or more operations started or being performed under the first UE activity configuration being used just before the transition, comprises:
delaying implementation of the second UE activity configuration until the UE completes at least one on-going operation that has determined to have started under the first UE activity configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,299,305

EXTENDING USE OF A CELLULAR COMMUNICATION CAPABILITIES IN A WIRELESS DEVICE TO ANOTHER DEVICE

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A wireless device, comprising:a cellular interface, configured for communication with a cellular network;
a non-cellular wireless interface, configured for non-cellular wireless communication;
one or more processing elements communicatively coupled to the cellular interface and the non-cellular wireless interface, wherein the one or more processing elements are configured to:
establish, via the cellular interface, a cellular communication link with the cellular network;
establish, via the non-cellular wireless interface, a non-cellular wireless communication link with a second wireless device;
receive information associated with a telephone call from the cellular network over the cellular communication link; and
relay the information to the second wireless device over the non-cellular wireless communication link.

US Pat. No. 10,296,535

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO RANDOMIZE IMAGE MATCHING TO FIND BEST IMAGES TO BE MATCHED WITH CONTENT ITEMS

BAIDU USA LLC, Sunnyvale...

1. A computer-implemented method for matching images with content items, the method comprising:receiving a content item that was identified in response to a search query received from a client;
determining whether the search query is within a predetermined percentage of total search queries that yield the content item;
in response to determining that the search query is within the predetermined percentage of the total search queries,
searching in an image store based on one or more keywords associated with the search query to identify a list of one or more images, and
selecting one of the identified images to be matched with the content item;
in response to determining that the search query is not within the predetermined percentage of the total search queries,
for each of predetermined preferred images associated with the content item, calculating by an image mapping server a user interactive score to generate a plurality of user interactive scores,
capturing image access statistics representing user interactions with the image,
identifying by the image mapping server a top predetermined preferred image having a top user interactive score based on the plurality of user interactive scores,
determining whether the top predetermined preferred image is the same as a current preferred image for the content item,
selecting by the image mapping server the top predetermined preferred image to be matched with the content item in response to determining that the top predetermined preferred image is not the current preferred image for the content item, and
replacing the current preferred image with the top predetermined preferred image, in response to determining that the top predetermined preferred image is not the current preferred image; and
incorporating the content item with the selected image to generate a composite content item to be transmitted to the client.

US Pat. No. 10,295,136

LIGHT EMISSION ASSEMBLY WITH BEAM SHAPING STRUCTURE

LUMILEDS LLC, San Jose, ...

1. A light emitting assembly comprising:a light emitting structure with a first light emission surface comprising one or more point-like light sources, preferably light-emitting diodes, to emit light from the first light emission surface;
a transparent beam shaping structure comprising a second light emission surface and a second light receiving surface opposite to the second light emission surface, wherein the second light receiving surface is arranged at a distance, preferably of 20-30 ?m, above the first light emission surface in order to create an air gap between the first light emission surface and the second light receiving surface to receive light emitted from the light emitting structure within an acceptance angle ? for the beam shaping structure to shape a resulting beam of light being emitted through the second light emission surface; and
one or more transparent light guiding elements arranged between the beam shaping structure and the light emitting structure being suitably shaped to refract at least a part of light which is emitted from the first light emission surface under an emergent angle ? larger than the acceptance angle ? towards the beam shaping structure,
wherein at least one light guiding element comprises a third light emission surface being in contact with the second light receiving surface of the beam shaping structure, a contact surface being in contact with the first light emission surface of the light emitting structure, and a third light receiving surface towards the air gap connecting the third light emission surface with the contact surface;
wherein the at least one light guiding element has a conical shape with the third light emission surface having a larger size than the contact surface and with an angle ? established between the third light receiving surface and the third light emission surface; and
wherein also the beam shaping structure has a conical shape with a side face between second light receiving surface and the second light emission surfaces and an angle ? established between a direction perpendicular to the second light receiving surface and the side face.

US Pat. No. 10,294,600

REMOTE DETECTION OF WASHER/DRYER OPERATION/FAULT CONDITION

EchoStar Technologies Int...

1. A system, comprising:a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) component, the MEMS component being physically attached to a clothes machine, the MEMS component comprising:
a MEMS sensor, and
an antenna; and
a computerized controller of a home automation system, the computerized controller being communicatively coupled to the MEMS component, and the computerized controller comprising:
one or more processors, and
a memory device having stored thereon instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to:
receive a user request from a user device for a status of the clothes machine,
transmit a request for the status of the clothes machine to the antenna of the MEMS component,
receive, in response to the request for the status, a first signal from the antenna of the MEMS component indicating a first state of the clothes machine,
determine a first operating condition of the clothes machine based on the first state,
send a first notification to the user device indicating the first operating condition of the clothes machine,
receive a second signal after the first signal from the antenna of the MEMS component indicating a second state of the clothes machine,
determine a second operating condition of the clothes machine based on the first signal and the second signal, and
send a second notification to the user device indicating the second operating condition of the clothes machine.

US Pat. No. 10,293,449

EASY-CLEAN SURFACE AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A method of providing an easy-clean, water-sheeting coating on a substrate, the method comprising steps:a) abrading at least a portion of a surface of a substrate using an abrasive article to provide an abraded surface having a surface roughness Ra in a range of from 10 nanometers to 3500 nanometers wherein the substrate comprises a vehicle with a polymeric clearcoat;
b) contacting a coatable composition with at least a portion of the abraded surface, wherein the coatable composition comprises silica particles, and wherein the silica particles have an average particle size of 100 nm or less, wherein steps a) and b) are carried out simultaneously; and
c) at least partially removing water from the coatable composition to provide the easy-clean, water-sheeting coating on the substrate,
wherein the coatable composition does not comprise a least one of alkoxysilane oligomer or silane coupling agent.
US Pat. No. 10,293,080

IONIC LIQUIDS THAT STERILIZE AND PREVENT BIOFILM FORMATION IN SKIN WOUND HEALING DEVICES

The Arizona Board of Rege...

1. An electrospun wound care composition, comprising:an ionic liquid (IL), wherein the ionic liquid is choline geranate (CAGE), and wherein the ionic liquid is present in an amount of about 0.01% w/w to about 99% w/w; and
a protein solution comprising gelatin,
wherein the ionic liquid is electrospun with the protein solution.

US Pat. No. 10,299,346

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING BACK LIGHT MODULE, AND A DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A system for monitoring a back light module, comprising:an obtaining unit configured to obtain a plurality of intensities of an output light from the back light module during a preset time period after the back light module is activated, wherein the preset time period is a fixed time period that is determined prior to activation of the back light module;
a detection unit configured to detect, for each of the plurality of intensities of output light, whether the intensity is greater than a preset value;
a control unit configured to control the back light module to reduce the intensity of the output light in response to detecting that the intensity of the output light is greater than the preset value, such that the intensity of the output light is equal to the preset value;
a recording unit configured to record, from when the back light module is activated, a first time point at which the intensity of the output light is equal to the preset value and a time duration during which the intensity of the output light is greater than the preset value; and
a computation unit configured to compute, based on a number of recordings by the recording unit, the recorded first time points and time durations, an average of the first time points and an average time duration,
wherein the preset time period is represented by the average of the first time points and the average time duration.

US Pat. No. 10,299,329

LIGHT STRING CONTROLLING CIRCUIT FOR SINGLE NODE AND METHOD THEREOF

COSMO LIGHTING INC., Wal...

1. A light string controlling circuit for single node, comprising:a plurality of light-emitting assemblies connected to each other;
a power source element connected to the plurality of light-emitting assemblies, the power source element is configured to supply power sequentially to the plurality of light-emitting assemblies;
a master controller connected to the power source element, the master controller is configured to output a power supplying request to the power source element to instruct the power source element to supply the power; and
a plurality of single-node controllers connected to the plurality of light-emitting assemblies respectively, each of the plurality of single-node controllers is configured to output an emission control signal for controlling each of the corresponding light-emitting assemblies.

US Pat. No. 10,299,310

WIRELESS DEVICE INCLUDING FIRST PLATFORM FOR LOCAL AREA AND SECOND PLATFORM FOR REMOTE AREA AND METHOD FOR WIRELESS DEVICE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for a wireless device including a first module for a local area and a second module for a remote area, the method comprising:transmitting, by a first station (STA) including the first module and the second module, a first version message including first unique information of the first STA to a second STA based on the first module,
wherein the first module and the second module are interconnected based on an application programming interface (API);
receiving, by the first STA, a second version message including second unique information of the second STA from the second STA based on the first module;
storing, by the first STA, the first and second unique information to the second module based on the API,
wherein the first unique information is stored as first content information in the second module, and
wherein the second unique information is stored as second content information in the second module;
configuring, by the first STA, a service session for the local area with the second STA based on the first unique information and the second unique information;
when the service session is configured, transmitting, by the first STA, the first content information to a wideband server related to the second module,
wherein the first content information is stored in the wideband server;
determining, by the first STA, whether a remote service is retrieved in the local area based on the service session;
transmitting, by the first STA, a retrieve request message for retrieving the remote service for the remote area to the wideband server when the remote service is not retrieved; and
receiving, by the first STA, a retrieve response message from the wideband server in response to the retrieve request message,
wherein the retrieve response message includes additional information related to the remote service when information for the retrieve request message exists in the wideband server.

US Pat. No. 10,299,306

USER TERMINAL, PROCESSOR, AND BASE STATION

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. A communication control method, comprising:transmitting to a base station, by a radio terminal, first information indicating a priority of data to be transmitted from the radio terminal via direct device-to-device (D2D) communication;
allocating, by the base station, a radio resource for transmitting the data by the direct D2D communication, to the radio terminal, based on the priority of the data;
transmitting, by the base station, second information indicating the radio resource to the radio terminal;
receiving, by the radio terminal, the second information indicating the radio resource, from the base station;
establishing, by the radio terminal, a plurality of bearers in accordance with a priority of each of a plurality of pieces of data to be transmitted by the direct D2D communication, on a basis of the second information; and
transmitting, by the radio terminal, each of the plurality of pieces of data via a respective established bearer.

US Pat. No. 10,299,302

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF PEER-TO-PEER CONNECTION SESSION SETUP

INTEL IP CORPORATION, Sa...

1. An apparatus comprising circuitry and logic configured to cause a first peer-to-peer device to:initiate a connection session setup of a session between the first peer-to-peer device and a second peer-to-peer device by exchanging a discovery request and a discovery response between the first peer-to-peer device and the second peer-to-peer device, the discovery request and the discovery response comprising a Session Identifier (ID) Information (Info) attribute comprising a Session ID field comprising a value of a session ID, and a session Media Access Control (MAC) address field comprising a peer-to-peer device address;
set a waiting timer to count a waiting period during the connection session setup; and
during the waiting period, check whether the second peer-to-peer device is in said connection session setup by transmitting a probe request to the second peer-to-peer device, the probe request comprising the Session ID Info attribute comprising a same value of the session ID and a same peer-to-peer device address as in the discovery request and the discovery response.

US Pat. No. 10,299,295

APPARATUS, COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM, AND METHOD FOR PRE-ASSOCIATION FRAME EXCHANGE USING RANDOM ACCESS IN A HIGH EFFICIENCY WIRELESS LOCAL-AREA NETWORK

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus of a high-efficiency (HE) access point, the apparatus comprising:memory; and
processing circuitry coupled to the memory, the processing circuitry configured to:
encode a trigger frame for random access (TF-RA), the TF-RA comprising uplink (UL) resource allocations, wherein each UL resource allocation of the UL resource allocations comprises an indication whether a corresponding UL resource allocation is for unassociated HE stations;
generate a signal to cause the HE access point to wirelessly transmit the TF-RA;
decode UL frames in accordance with the UL resource allocations, wherein an UL frame of the UL frames from an unassociated HE station comprises a media access control (MAC) address of the unassociated HE station; and
encode a multi-station block acknowledgement (BACK) to acknowledge the UL frames, wherein the multi-station BACK comprises block acknowledgment (BA) information fields to acknowledge UL frames, and wherein each BA information field of the BA information fields comprises an association identification (AID) and traffic identification (TID) information field, a BACK starting sequence control field, and when the BA information field is to acknowledge an UL frame from an associated HE station, a BACK bitmap field, and when the BA information field is to acknowledge the UL frame for an unassociated HE station a receiver address (RA) field, wherein the AID and TID information field comprises an association identification (AID) field and an TID field,
and wherein when the BA information field of the BA information fields is to acknowledge the UL frame from the unassociated HE station, a value of the RA field is set to the MAC address of the unassociated HE station, and wherein the AID field and the TID field are set to values to indicate the BA information field is to acknowledge the UL frame from the unassociated station; and
generate a signal to cause the HE access point to wirelessly transmit the multi-station BACK.

US Pat. No. 10,299,288

MULTI-CARRIER GRANT DESIGN

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for communicating control information to user equipment (UEs), comprising:configuring an anchor carrier at a predefined frequency range within a system bandwidth to include a control region containing a first resource used for transmitting a first subset of the control information detectable and usable by a first set of UEs operating in an extended mode and a second set of UEs operating in a legacy mode, wherein the first resource is non-overlapping with a second resource used for transmitting information other than the first subset of the control information;
configuring at least one additional carrier at respective non-overlapping frequency ranges within the system bandwidth to include respective control regions containing a third resource used for transmitting a second subset of the control information detectable and usable by the first set of UEs operating in the extended mode and transparent to the second set of UEs operating in the legacy mode;
transmitting the first subset of the control information on the first resource; and
transmitting the second subset of the control information on the third resource.

US Pat. No. 10,299,281

COGNITIVE RADIO METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACHIEVING AD HOC INTERFERENCE MULTIPLE ACCESS WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. In a radio network having a plurality of first users on channel (FUOCs) and one or more second users on channel (SUOCs), a method comprising:(a) identifying a plurality of FUOCs, each of the plurality of FUOCs operating in a respective FUOC channel;
(b) for each of the plurality of FUOCs, determining if the SUOC can achieve a desired SUOC rate co-existing in the FUOC's channel;
(c) for each of the plurality of FUOCs, determining an expected degradation of performance of the FUOC caused by interference if the SUOC were to co-exist in the FUOC's channel;
(d) assigning each one of the FUOCs to one of a plurality of groups based, at least in part, upon whether the SUOC can achieve the desired SUOC rate co-existing in the FUOC's channel and the expected degradation of performance of the FUOC caused by interference if the SUOC were to co-exist in the FUOC's channel;
(e) generating an ordered list of FUOCs from the plurality of groups; and
(f) selecting a FUOC from the ordered list of FUOCs.

US Pat. No. 10,298,067

WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSMISSION METHODS AND WIRELESS ENERGY SENDING DEVICES

BEIJING ZHIGU RUI TUO TEC...

1. A method, comprising:separately distributing, by a system comprising a processor at least according to remaining energy levels of multiple wireless energy receiving devices, multiple emitter nodes of a wireless energy sending device to multiple wireless energy receiving devices, to acquire a distribution plan applicable to separate distribution of the multiple emitter nodes of the wireless energy sending device to the multiple wireless energy receiving devices: and
on the basis of the distribution plan controlling, by the system, the multiple emitter nodes to transmit wireless energy separately to corresponding wireless energy receiving devices to which the multiple emitter nodes are distributed.

US Pat. No. 10,299,404

DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING AND CONNECTING ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT CARDS, COMPRISING AN ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT CARD GUIDE HAVING IMPROVED THERMAL PROPERTIES

Airbus Operations (S.A.S....

1. A device for supporting and connecting electronic circuit cards, comprising:an electronic circuit card support which is L-shaped, having a first flange and a second flange which is approximately perpendicular to the first flange and which comprises a solid plate having at least one opening(s);
connectors positioned on the first flange of the electronic circuit card support, at least one for each electronic circuit card, each being configured to receive a connection of an electronic circuit card;
at least one electronic circuit card guide, positioned and fastened on the second flange of the electronic circuit card support, comprising a plurality of grooves, one for each electronic circuit card, each groove being configured to guide an electronic circuit card in a direction of insertion towards the connector associated with it; and
a distribution system for distributing a first air flow received from below the electronic circuit card support and passing through the second flange of the electronic circuit card support and the electronic circuit card guide to regulate a temperature of the electronic circuit cards;wherein the electronic circuit card guide is made of a metallic material and comprises walls for linking the grooves, these walls being solid and covering the opening(s) of the electronic circuit card support, and wherein the distribution system comprises a plurality of slots which pass through at least one wall of the electronic circuit card guide, and which are separated by fins and grouped so as to form at least one heat exchange area, each slot having a cross section smaller than that of each opening of the electronic circuit card support and being arranged to distribute the first air flow in at least a second air flow above the electronic circuit card guide and in contact with electronic circuit card(s).

US Pat. No. 10,299,384

FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT, CHIP ON FILM, AND BONDING METHOD AND DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A flexible printed circuit, comprising a humidity detection layer located between a flexible base film and a metal foil, wherein the humidity detection layer and the flexible base film are optionally bonded by an adhesive layer, the humidity detection layer and the metal foil are contacted directly, the flexible base film is a polyimide film or a polyester film, the humidity detection layer comprises a hygroscopic film sheet, and the hygroscopic film sheet comprises a carbon film hygristor and a lithium chloride humidity sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,299,357

REMOTE LIGHT CONTROL, CONFIGURATION, AND MONITORING

MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL C...

1. A system of light devices comprising:a first light device including
a first housing,
a first light supported by the first housing,
a first transceiver supported by the first housing, and
a first electronic processor coupled to the first light and the first transceiver, the first electronic processor configured to
control operation of the first light,
receive, via the first transceiver from an external device, a command including an operational parameter, wherein the operational parameter is adjustable via a user interface on the external device before being received by the first electronic processor,
transmit, via the first transceiver, the command to a second light device in response to receiving the command from the external device,
receive, via the first transceiver, an identification signal from a power tool device, and
transmit, via the first transceiver, a location signal to the external device, the location signal indicating that the power tool device is within a proximity threshold of the first light device; and
the second light device including
a second housing,
a second light supported by the second housing,
a second transceiver supported by the second housing, and
a second electronic processor coupled to the second light and the second transceiver, the second electronic processor configured to
receive, via the second transceiver, the command from the first light device, and
change the operational parameter of the second light in response to the command from the first light device.

US Pat. No. 10,299,338

SENSOR DEVICE AND ILLUMINATION SYSTEM

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A sensor device that is connected to a main power source line, of an illumination system, to which a DC voltage is applied, to which a DC power source device that outputs the DC voltage is connected, and to which at least one of an illumination apparatus is connected through a branch wire, the sensor device being connected to the main power source line in between where the DC power source device is connected to the main power source line and where at least one of the illumination apparatus is connected to the main power source line through the branch wire, and the sensor device comprising:an input-side terminal to which the main power source line is connected;
an output-side terminal to which the main power source line is connected;
a sensing unit that detects an object and outputs a detection signal;
an in-device main power source line that connects the input-side terminal and the output-side terminal in the sensor device, and constitutes a part of the main power source line;
a switch that is provided in the in-device main power source line and connects or disconnects the main power source line by an on-off operation;
a first diode connected between the input-side terminal and the switch;
a second diode connected between the output-side terminal and the switch;
a control power source section that is connected to the main power source line through the first and the second diodes; and
a switch device section on which the switch is mounted,
wherein the switch is controlled to be turned on or off based on the detection signal, and
the control power source section supplies a converted DC voltage converted from the DC voltage to the switch drive section and the sensing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,299,336

CONFIGURABLE LIGHTING SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A luminaire comprising:a housing comprising at least one outer surface that forms a first cavity;
at least one electrical component disposed, at least in part, within the first cavity;
an electrical cable comprising a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is coupled to the at least one electrical component; and
a switch coupled to the electrical cable, wherein the switch is disposed remotely from the housing, wherein the switch has a plurality of positions, wherein each position of the plurality of positions of the switch corresponds to a discrete correlated color temperature (CCT) output by one or more light sources of the luminaire.

US Pat. No. 10,299,333

LED TUBE LAMP

Jiaxing Super Lighting El...

1. A light-emitting diode (LED) tube lamp, comprising:a lamp tube;
two end caps, each having at least one external connection terminal, and each coupled to a respective end of the lamp tube, wherein at least a first and second external connection terminal of the external connection terminals of the two end caps are for receiving an external driving signal;
a rectifying circuit, coupled to at least the first and second external connection terminals of the end caps, for rectifying the external driving signal to produce a rectified signal;
a filtering circuit, coupled to the rectifying circuit, for filtering the rectified signal to produce a filtered signal;
an LED module, disposed in a power loop of the LED tube lamp, coupled to the filtering circuit and configured to be driven based on the filtered signal for emitting light; and
a light strip including a bendable circuit sheet positioned along an axial direction of the lamp tube and having two opposite ends detached from an inner surface of the lamp tube.

US Pat. No. 10,299,298

PACKET DATA NETWORK CONNECTION PROCESS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND APPARATUS FOR SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for performing a Packet Data Network (PDN) connection procedure by a User Equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:transmitting, to a Mobility Management Entity (MME), a first PDN connectivity request including information on a first group;
receiving, from the MME, a response to the first PDN connectivity request,
wherein the response to the first PDN connectivity request includes response information on a plurality of groups divided into one or more blocked groups and one or more non-blocked groups,
wherein the UE belongs to the plurality of groups, and
wherein the one or more blocked groups including the first group and the one or more non-blocked groups including a second group are configured by the MME; and
transmitting, to the MME, a second PDN connectivity request including information on the second group based on the response information, when the first PDN connectivity request is rejected.

US Pat. No. 10,299,292

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING RACH PREAMBLE COLLISION CAUSED BY MULTI-PATH CHANNEL IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for detecting whether a random access channel (RACH) preamble collision occurs by evolved NodeB (eNB) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from a first user equipment (UE), a first RACH preamble generated by using a combination of a plurality of sequences;
receiving, from a second UE, a second RACH preamble generated by using one sequence; and
detecting whether a collision occurs between the first RACH preamble and the second RACH preamble on the basis of the received patterns of the first RACH preamble and the second RACH preamble,
wherein the received patterns of the first RACH preamble and the second RACH preamble are based on channel delay by multiple paths, and
wherein whether the collision occurs between the first RACH preamble and the second RACH preamble is detected by comparing power ratios of the plurality of sequences constituting the first RACH preamble.

US Pat. No. 10,299,291

IDENTIFICATION AND USE OF RESOURCE SETS ASSOCIATED WITH DIFFERENT RESTRICTION LEVELS FOR RESOURCE USAGE IN A RADIO FREQUENCY SPECTRUM BAND

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication, comprising:identifying, by a first device, a first resource set, a second resource set, and a third resource set in a radio frequency spectrum band, wherein the first resource set, the second resource set, and the third resource set are respectively associated with a first restriction level for resource usage, a second restriction level for resource usage, and a third restriction level for resource usage, wherein the first restriction level for resource usage and the second restriction level for resource usage are associated with different LBT procedures; and
communicating with a second device using at least one resource set of the first resource set, the second resource set, or the third resource set, the at least one resource set based at least in part on the first restriction level for resource usage, the second restriction level for resource usage, or the third restriction level for resource usage.

US Pat. No. 10,299,290

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF RADAR DETECTION

INTEL IP CORPORATION, Sa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first detector to detect energy over a wireless communication channel;
a second detector to detect a signal over the wireless communication channel, and to determine at least a classification of the signal as a radar-type or a non-radar type;
a phase locked loop (PLL) shared by the first and second detectors;
a storage to store radar detection information corresponding to signals detected by the second detector over said wireless communication channel, the radar detection information comprising at least the classification of the signal determined by the second detector and one or more characteristics of the signal; and
a controller configured to change a frequency of the PLL for detection of the energy by the first detector, and, in response to detection of the energy by the first detector, to lock the frequency of the PLL for detection of the signal by the second detector, and to activate the second detector to detect the signal and to determine the classification of the signal, the controller configured to, prior to a transmission attempt over the wireless communication channel, cause a radar-detection analysis of the radar detection information corresponding to a predefined time period, and select whether or not to allow the transmission attempt over the wireless communication channel based on the radar-detection analysis, the radar-detection analysis based at least on the classification of the signal determined by the second detector.

US Pat. No. 10,299,265

OAM AND TIME SLOT CONTROL IN A VERTICAL LADDER TOPOLOGY NETWORK

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:configuring an Available Routing Construct (ARC) chain topology deterministic network to communicate packets using a plurality of time slots through a plurality of network nodes organized into a plurality of arcs for reaching a destination;
receiving a particular packet by a node of a first arc of the plurality of arcs; and
forwarding the particular packet through nodes of the plurality of network nodes to the destination;
wherein each arc of the plurality of arcs has two edge network nodes and one or more non-edge network nodes in between said two edge network nodes;
wherein the plurality of arcs includes one or more successive arcs communicatively between the first arc and the destination;
wherein both of said edge network nodes on each particular arc of the plurality of arcs communicate with the destination or a same next arc of said one or more successive arcs;
wherein said forwarding the particular packet includes: progressively communicating instances of the particular packet among nodes of each of the plurality of arcs and from each of said edge network nodes of the plurality of arcs to the destination or a same next arc of said one or more successive arcs; wherein the destination and each of said one or more successive arcs receive two of said instances of the particular packet; and
wherein a bitmap, representing particular time slots of the plurality of time slots, in said instances of the particular packet is progressively updated to indicate time slots of the plurality of time slots used in said forwarding the particular packet through nodes of the plurality of network nodes to the destination.

US Pat. No. 10,299,256

PHYSICAL DOWNLINK CONTROL CHANNEL DETECTION METHOD AND DEVICE

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for detecting a Physical Downlink Control Channel (PDCCH), the method comprising:receiving an Enhanced-PDCCH (E-PDCCH) configuration from a base station of a mobile communication network at a user equipment served by the base station;
receiving a subframe from the base station at the user equipment;
determining the received subframe is a non-Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service Single Frequency Network (MBSFN) subframe; and
detecting an E-PDCCH in the received subframe when the received subframe is a non-MBSFN subframe.

US Pat. No. 10,294,940

ROTARY COMPRESSOR AND REFRIGERATING CYCLE DEVICE

TOSHIBA CARRIER CORPORATI...

1. A rotary compressor compressing working fluid which houses an electric motor portion and a compression mechanism portion that is driven via a rotary shaft provided at the electric motor portion, in a hermetic case, the compression mechanism portion comprising:a cylinder having both ends covered with covering members and having a cylinder chamber inside;
a roller which is fitted to the rotary shaft and rotates eccentrically in the cylinder chamber; and
a blade which is provided in the cylinder so that reciprocating movement can be performed and partitions the cylinder chamber into a suction chamber and a compression chamber by making a tip end portion of the blade contact the outer peripheral surface of the roller, wherein
the blade includes two blade members are provided so as to be superimposed in an axial direction of the rotary shaft, tip end portions of the two blade members are made to contact the outer peripheral surface of the roller, and the two blade members are energized by a coil spring so that superimposed portions of the blade members are made in contact.

US Pat. No. 10,299,414

COOLING MECHANISM FOR DATA CENTER

HIDETOSHI KANEO, Sunto-g...

1. A cooling mechanism for a data center, the cooling mechanism comprising:a primary cooling cycle including, outside of the data center, a reciprocating compressor, a first evaporative condenser, a high-pressure liquid receiver, a liquid level controlling mechanism, a low-pressure liquid receiver, and a cascade condenser, and the primary cooling cycle further including a bypass pipe line for bypassing the reciprocating compressor; and
a secondary cooling cycle formed as a loop circuit, the secondary cooling cycle including (i) an evaporator arranged in an indoor space of the data center, the evaporator being connected to a liquid receiver and a liquid pump by pipe lines in the loop circuit, (ii) a second evaporative condenser directly connected via a refrigerant conduit to the liquid receiver in the secondary cooling cycle in parallel to the cascade condenser, and (iii) carbon dioxide as a secondary refrigerant condensed by the cascade condenser downstream of the evaporator, the cascade condenser being directly connected to the liquid receiver in the secondary cooling cycle, wherein:
the evaporator is configured to evaporate the secondary refrigerant so as to cool the indoor space,
the first evaporative condenser is configured to condense a primary refrigerant, and
the primary cooling cycle is configured to stop the compressor and open the bypass pipe line for bypassing the compressor in response to a condensation temperature of the first evaporative condenser being equal to or lower than a predetermined temperature so as to circulate the primary refrigerant without operating the compressor and cool the indoor space with the secondary refrigerant, the second refrigerant having been condensed by the cascade condenser in the secondary cooling cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,299,389

RIGID-FLEXIBLE CIRCUIT INTERCONNECTS

FINISAR CORPORATION, Sun...

1. A circuit interconnect comprising:a first printed circuit board (PCB) including a first electrically conductive pad;
a second PCB including a second electrically conductive pad;
a spacer configured to position the first PCB relative to the second PCB such that a space is defined between the first PCB and the second PCB after the first electrically conductive pad and the second electrically conductive pad are conductively connected in a soldering process, the spacer consisting of:
a first PCB spacer consisting of a first electrically conductive plate located on the first PCB and a first dielectric layer located on the first electrically conductive plate; and
a second PCB spacer adjacent to the first PCB spacer, the second PCB spacer consisting of a second electrically conductive plate located on the second PCB and a second dielectric layer located on the second electrically conductive plate.

US Pat. No. 10,299,388

LEAD-FREE SOLDER ALLOY FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLIES FOR HIGH-TEMPERATURE ENVIRONMENTS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A circuit board comprising: one or more solder joints formed from a premelted solid lead-free wire-form solder having a preliminary solder alloy composition comprising:Silver;
Copper;
Antimony; and
Tin;
wherein the solder alloy composition has a weight % of the Silver in a range of 3.5 to 7.0, a weight % of the Copper in a range of 1.0 to 4.0, a weight % of the Antimony in a range of 1.0 to 3.0, and the remainder Tin.

US Pat. No. 10,299,373

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING RIGID-FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A multilayer rigid flexible printed circuit board having a rigid portion and a flexible portion, the multilayer rigid flexible printed circuit board comprising:a first flexible film including a first circuit pattern on one or both surfaces;
a second flexible film disposed on the first flexible film and including a second circuit pattern on a portion of the second flexible film, positioned in the rigid portion;
a bonding sheet between the first flexible film and the second flexible film;
a pattern stack disposed on a part of the portion of the second flexible film to be adjacent to the flexible portion, and having a metal pattern and a protective pattern on the metal pattern;
a first insulating layer disposed on the portion of the second flexible film and covering the pattern stack and including a third circuit pattern on the first insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,299,371

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

11. An electronic device comprising:a circuit board; and
a circuit component on an upper surface or a lower surface of the circuit board,
wherein
the circuit component comprises a first ceramic capacitor and a second ceramic capacitor,
vibration characteristics of the first ceramic capacitor and a second ceramic capacitor are opposed to each other,
the first ceramic capacitor is near the second ceramic capacitor to cause vibrations of the first and second ceramic capacitors to cancel each other, and
a power source voltage applied to the first ceramic capacitor is applied to the second ceramic capacitor via an inverting circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,299,360

SMART LIGHTING SYSTEM WITH ULTRA-LOW STANDBY CONSUMPTION

Soraa, Inc., Fremont, CA...

1. A smart lamp for communicating with one or more devices, said smart lamp comprising:a lamp having on and off modes; and
a processor configured to operate said lamp, said processor having at least active and standby modes of operation, in said active mode, said processor uses a first communication protocol to communicate with at least one of said one or more devices, said first communication protocol having a first power consumption and, in said standby mode, said processor uses a second communication protocol having a second power consumption, wherein said first power consumption is significantly higher than said second power consumption;
wherein said processor is configured to operate in said standby mode until being switched to said active mode by a first trigger event; and
wherein, after said process is switched to said active mode by said first trigger event, said processor is configured to switch back to said standby mode by a second trigger event.

US Pat. No. 10,299,345

ILLUMINATED BADGE SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An illuminated badge system for a motor vehicle, comprising:an illuminated badge; and
a controller configured to adjust a parameter of light emitted from said illuminated badge in response to headlight status of the motor vehicle, wherein said controller is further configured to adjust the parameter of light emitted from said illuminated badge in response to detection of a signal from a key fob indicating a manufacturer of the motor vehicle, said key fob not matching said motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,299,341

LIGHTING DEVICE, LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT COMPRISING LIGHTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A LIGHTING DEVICE

OSRAM OPTO SEMICONDUCTORS...

1. A lighting arrangement comprising:a lighting device comprising:
a plurality of components provided for generating radiation; and
a plurality of row lines and a plurality of column lines, wherein the components are in each case electrically conductively connected to a row line and to a column line; and
a drive circuit,
wherein the lighting arrangement is configured to provide simultaneous operation of at least two components,
wherein an operating potential of the row lines is variable in each case between at least two states,
wherein the column lines are in each case connected to a current driver, and wherein a current intensity of the current driver is set based on a number of row lines that are in an activated state.

US Pat. No. 10,299,334

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR STAGE-BASED CONTROL RELATED TO TRIAC DIMMERS

On-Bright Electronics (Sh...

1. A system controller for a lighting system, the system controller comprising:a first controller terminal configured to receive a first signal, the first signal being related to a dimming-control phase angle;
a second controller terminal coupled to a first transistor terminal of a transistor, the transistor further including a second transistor terminal and a third transistor terminal, the second transistor terminal being coupled to a winding;
a third controller terminal coupled to the third transistor terminal of the transistor; and
a fourth controller terminal coupled to a resistor and configured to receive a second signal, the second signal representing a magnitude of a current flowing through at least the winding, the third controller terminal, the fourth controller terminal, and the resistor;
wherein the system controller is configured to, in response to the first signal satisfying one or more predetermined conditions:
cause the second signal to ramp up and down during a first duration of time, the first duration of time starting at a first time and ending at a second time, the second time being the same as or later than the first time; and
cause the second signal to ramp up and down during a second duration of time, the second duration of time starting at a third time and ending at a fourth time, the fourth time being the same as or later than the third time;
wherein the system controller is further configured to:
in response to the dimming-control phase angle increasing from a first angle magnitude to a second angle magnitude, keep the first duration of time at a first predetermined constant;
in response to the dimming-control phase angle increasing from the second angle magnitude to a third angle magnitude, increase the first duration of time; and
in response to the dimming-control phase angle increasing from the third angle magnitude to a fourth angle magnitude, keep the first duration of time at a second predetermined constant.

US Pat. No. 10,299,330

CURRENT REGULATOR

Dialog Semiconductor (UK)...

1. A current regulator for regulating a current through a circuit element, comprising:a first node at a first voltage, the current through the circuit element being dependent on the first voltage;
a positive feedback loop coupled to the first node; wherein
the positive feedback loop is arranged to provide a signal to remove a voltage shift from the first voltage in response to a decrease or increase of the first voltage by the voltage shift.

US Pat. No. 10,299,307

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF WIRELESSLY TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DATA

Syndefense, Corp., (JP)

1. A mobile terminal comprising:a short range wireless communication module configured to perform short range wireless communication with a target device;
a first display control unit configured to cause a display unit to display a selection screen including a first option indicating usage of a content on internet and a second option indicating usage of another content;
a second display control unit configured to cause the display unit to display a content selection screen including a plurality of options in a case where the first option is selected by using the selection screen, wherein a third option is included in the plurality of options; and
a wireless transceiver configured to establish a wireless connection in a case where the short range wireless communication is performed and to transmit a content to the target device via the established wireless connection, wherein a first communication method of the established wireless connection is different from a second communication method of the short range wireless communication,
wherein a content corresponding to the third option to be transmitted via the established wireless connection is obtained based on a login operation in a case where the third option is selected by using the content selection screen displayed on the display unit.

US Pat. No. 10,299,304

SECURELY COMMUNICATING A STATUS OF A WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY DEVICE TO A NON-PAIRED DEVICE

International Business Ma...

1. A method for securely communicating a status of a wireless technology device to a non-paired device, the method comprising:detecting, by a processor of the wireless technology device, a status changing event of the wireless technology device;
locking, by the processor, the wireless technology device from an unauthorized pairing with another device, in response to detecting the status changing event;
sending, by the processor, an encrypted data regarding the status changing event to at least one non-paired device, which is received in a buffer of the at least one non-paired device, wherein, in response to receiving the encrypted data, the at least one non-paired device automatically communicates the encrypted data to a centralized computing network for decrypting the encrypted data; and
unlocking, by the processor, the wireless technology device when an authorized pairing attempt is successful.

US Pat. No. 10,299,300

SECURE SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ESTABLISHING WIRELESS AUDIO SHARING CONNECTION

Bose Corporation, Framin...

1. A method for tethering wireless audio devices, comprising:establishing a first wireless connection between an intermediary device and a primary audio device;
receiving a random resolvable address by the intermediary device from a secondary audio device;
transmitting the random resolvable address from the intermediary device to the primary audio device via the first wireless connection;
transmitting an instruction to the primary audio device from the intermediary device, via the first wireless connection, to analyze broadcasted data from nearby audio devices for a matching audio device having broadcasted data corresponding to the random resolvable address, and to initiate a second wireless connection with the matching audio device; and
transmitting audio data to the primary audio device from the intermediary device via the first wireless connection and streaming the audio data from the primary audio device to the secondary audio device, identified to the primary audio device as the matching audio device, via the second wireless connection.

US Pat. No. 10,299,299

UNIFIED AND DISTRIBUTED CONNECTIVITY CONFIGURATION ACROSS OPERATORS

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A control node configured to assist in attaching a user equipment (UE) to a telecommunication network, the control node comprising:a processor; and,
a memory that stores processor-executable instructions, wherein the processor interfaces with the memory to execute the processor-executable instructions, whereby the control node is operable to:
receive, from a radio base station, a network attach request, wherein the network attach request comprises at least a hardware identifier associated with the UE;
transmit, to a database, a lookup message which comprises at least the hardware identifier associated with the UE;
receive, from the database, a domain name of a gateway, wherein the at least the hardware identifier associated with the UE and the domain name was provided to the database by a manufacturer of a device which has the UE embedded therein;
transmit, to a Domain Name Server (DNS), a resolve message including the domain name of the gateway;
receive, from the DNS, an Internet Protocol (IP) address of the gateway; and,
establish a session between the UE and the gateway.

US Pat. No. 10,299,297

NETWORK CONNECTION MODULE, COMPUTER PROGRAM, AND NETWORK CONNECTION METHOD THEREOF

Gunitech Corp., Hsinchu ...

1. A network connection method comprising:searching a plurality of nodes in a mesh network environment;
determining whether there is at least one specific node in the plurality of nodes, wherein the specific node being a wearable device or a positioning device;
wherein the at least one specific node is not a node with a strongest signal strength in the plurality of nodes;
when a determination is made that there is a first specific node in the plurality of nodes, setting the first specific node as a bridging point with a portable electronic device directly connected to the bridging point first;
when a determination is made that there are a plurality of specific nodes in the plurality of nodes, setting one of the plurality of specific nodes with a strongest signal strength or one of the plurality of specific nodes according to a predetermined hierarchy as the bridging point with the portable electronic device directly connected to the bridging point first;
when the at least one specific node is not the first specific node in the plurality of nodes, setting one node with a strongest signal strength in the plurality of nodes as the bridging point with the portable electronic device directly connected to the bridging point first; and
via the bridging point, broadcasting to others of the plurality of nodes in the mesh network environments;
wherein when the bridging point is set, a path for transferring a signal is fixed, and is not changed when the portable electronic device moves.

US Pat. No. 10,299,296

DATA SENDING METHOD, RESOURCE MEASUREMENT METHOD, APPARATUS, AND DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method, comprising:obtaining, by user equipment, communication service data and competitive resource configuration information for sending the communication service data, wherein the competitive resource configuration information comprises a competitive resource style and a preset strength threshold;
determining, by the user equipment according to the competitive resource style, a competitive resource configured for the user equipment;
measuring, by the user equipment, a strength of a wireless signal received on the competitive resource;
determining, by the user equipment, whether the competitive resource is available for sending the communication service data according to the preset strength threshold and the strength of the wireless signal; and
sending, by the user equipment, the communication service data on the competitive resource in response to determining that the competitive resource is available for sending the communication service data.

US Pat. No. 10,299,289

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING CONTROL INFORMATION FOR DEVICE-TO-DEVICE COMMUNICATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A device-to-device (D2D) communication method by a transmitting terminal comprising:creating a first scheduling assignment (SA) signal for transmission in a first SA resource of a SA resource pool including information indicating whether the transmitting terminal occupies a second SA resource of a next SA resource pool corresponding to the first SA resource; and
transmitting, to a receiving terminal, the first SA signal in the first SA resource,
wherein an energy sensing is performed by the receiving terminal in a data resource region associated with the SA resource pool, and
wherein a second SA signal is transmitted by the receiving terminal in the second SA resource of the next SA resource pool after the energy sensing when the information included in the first SA signal indicates that the transmitting terminal does not occupy the second SA resource.

US Pat. No. 10,299,287

RADIO RESOURCES CONFIGURATION SIGNALING IN A WIRELESS NETWORK

Comcast Cable Communicati...

1. A base station comprising:one or more processors; and
memory storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the base station to transmit a control message comprising configuration parameters for radio resources of a control channel, wherein the radio resources comprise a plurality of different sets of resource blocks in one or more subframes in a frame associated with a carrier, and wherein the configuration parameters indicate:
the one or more subframes;
a starting symbol corresponding to both the control channel and a data channel associated with the control channel in the one or more subframes; and
one or more frequency resource parameters for each set of resource blocks in the plurality of different sets of resource blocks.

US Pat. No. 10,299,280

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTERFERENCE ALIGNMENT IN WI-FI

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method in a wireless local area network (LAN) for interference alignment, the wireless LAN having a plurality of access points (APs), the method comprising:instructing a first AP of the plurality of APs, the first AP having a plurality of antennae and a transmission stream per 2 antennae, to broadcast a null data packet (NDP) sounding packet to a plurality of stations when no other AP in the plurality of APs is broadcasting, wherein the NDP sounding packet comprises a plurality of long training fields (LTFs), and wherein a total number of LTFs for the NDP sounding packet is equal to a total number of transmission streams per AP;
receiving channel beamforming (BF) information and a signal plus interference to noise ratio (SINR) from each of the plurality of stations, wherein each of the plurality of stations computes the channel BF information and the SINR from at least the NDP sounding packet; and
determining a transmission schedule according to the SINRs and the channel BF information.

US Pat. No. 10,299,278

CHANNEL SELECTION FOR MULTI-RADIO DEVICE

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A device comprising:a first radio configured to engage in Wi-Fi communications;
a second radio configured to engage in ZigBee communications;
at least one processor; and
memory including instructions operable to be executed by the at least one processor to perform a set of actions to configure the device to:
detect, using the first radio, a plurality of Wi-Fi signals;
determine, for each Wi-Fi channel of a plurality of Wi-Fi channels a respective received signal strength metric and a respective congestion metric value;
detect, using the second radio, a plurality of ZigBee signals;
determine, for each ZigBee channel of a plurality of ZigBee channels a respective received signal strength metric and a respective congestion metric value;
identify a first subset of the plurality of Wi-Fi channels, wherein each channel in the first subset does not overlap with a first ZigBee channel of the plurality of ZigBee channels;
determine a first cumulative congestion metric value by adding the respective congestion metric values of the Wi-Fi channels of the first subset;
identify a second subset of the plurality of Wi-Fi channels, wherein each channel in the second subset overlaps at least in part with the first ZigBee channel;
determine a second cumulative congestion metric value by adding the respective congestion metric values of Wi-Fi channels of the second subset;
determine a first availability metric for the first ZigBee channel using the first cumulative congestion metric, the second cumulative congestion metric, and a respective congestion metric value for the first ZigBee channel;
compare the first availability metric to a second availability metric for a second ZigBee channel;
determine, based on a result of the compare, that the first availability metric indicates a higher channel availability for the first ZigBee channel than a channel availability for the second ZigBee channel indicated by the second availability metric;
select the first ZigBee channel for further communications; and
engage in further communications using the first ZigBee channel.

US Pat. No. 10,299,275

RANDOM ACCESS PROCEDURE WITH BEAMFORMING IN LTE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for improved random access procedures by a user equipment (UE), comprising:measuring a common channel state information reference signal (CSI-RS);
selecting a horizontal/vertical beam from a set of fixed beams;
determining a preamble mapped to the selected horizontal/vertical beam;
transmitting the preamble; and
receiving a random access response (RAR), wherein the RAR is mapped to a UE-specific search space using an enhanced random access radio network temporary identity (RA-RNTI) based on a sum of factors including an identifier of the selected horizontal/vertical beam, and wherein the RAR is multicast to UEs that report a same horizontal/vertical beam.

US Pat. No. 10,299,268

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING MULTIPLE FREQUENCY BANDS IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for supporting multiple frequency bands by a base station in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:generating first system information including first information indicating a first frequency band supported by a cell and a list of at least one second information indicating at least one second frequency band supported by the cell;
transmitting the first system information to a terminal;
generating second system information including uplink frequency information, first spectrum emission information corresponding to the first information and a list of at least one second spectrum emission information corresponding to the at least one second information; and
transmitting the second system information to the terminal,
wherein an uplink frequency offset and a lower limit of an uplink frequency are determined based on the first information if the first frequency band is not supported and the at least one second frequency band is supported by the terminal, and
wherein the uplink frequency offset and the lower limit of the uplink frequency are used for identifying an uplink carrier frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,299,260

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR FLEXIBLE BANDWIDTH OPERATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication by a User Equipment (UE), comprising:monitoring a first set of resources in a first subframe for a first control channel in a narrow bandwidth region, wherein the first set of resources occupy a first number of symbols of the first subframe;
switching to a wide bandwidth region for monitoring a second set of resources in a second subframe for a second control channel in the wide bandwidth region, the second set of resources occupying a second number of symbols of the second subframe, wherein the first number of symbols is larger than the second number of symbols; and
receiving data in the wide bandwidth region on the resources scheduled by the control information.

US Pat. No. 10,299,254

CONTROL CHANNEL FOR A RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGY

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method, performed in a wireless device supporting a first radio access technology and a second radio access technology, of transmitting uplink control messages relating to data received by the second radio access technology in the wireless device, the method comprising the steps:receiving a configuration message defining, in the first radio access technology, a Physical Fast Control Channel for transmission of uplink control messages relating to data received in the wireless device using the second radio access technology; and
transmitting uplink control messages relating to data received using the second radio access technology on the Physical Fast Control Channel,
wherein the second radio access technology is configured with a transmission time interval (TTI) that is a fraction of a time resolution of the first radio access technology; and
a time resolution of the Physical Fast Control Channel is a fraction of a time resolution of an uplink control channel for transmission of uplink control messages relating to data transmitted to the first radio access technology of the wireless device.

US Pat. No. 10,299,252

CONTROL INFORMATION, CHANNEL OR SIGNAL TRANSMISSION METHOD AND CORRESPONDING SENDING END

ZTE Corporation, Shenzhe...

1. A method for transmitting control information, applied to a sending end, comprising:selecting one transmission mode from a plurality of transmission modes configured for control information, wherein one of the plurality of transmission modes is to transmit on partial physical resources of a reference signal; and
sending transmission mode configuration information for the control information to a receiving end to indicate the selected transmission mode.

US Pat. No. 10,299,246

MESSAGE PUSHING METHOD, CLIENT, SERVER AND PROGRAMMABLE DEVICE

Guangzhou UCWeb Computer ...

1. A message pushing method, comprising:sending a message list request to a server, and acquiring a target message list correspondingly returned by the server,
wherein the message list request comprises request source information, the target message list comprises at least one target message to be pushed and a message pushing trigger condition, and the message pushing trigger condition includes a local status index indicating when pushing of the target message is triggered; and
generating a message display interface corresponding to a local application environment of a client device and including the target message, when a local status of the client device is monitored as meeting the message pushing trigger condition.

US Pat. No. 10,299,016

METHOD FOR GENERATING A COMPOSITION OF AUDIBLE AND VISUAL MEDIA

Lomotif Private Limited, ...

1. A method for distributing a composition of audio and visual media, the method comprising:at a first computing device, receiving a selection for a first audio track and an initial set of videos, the initial set of videos comprising a private video recorded at and stored locally on the first computing device and a second video recorded at a computing device other than the first computing device and stored in a remote database;
defining an initial order of videos in the initial set of videos;
for each video in the initial set of videos, defining an initial position and an initial duration of a video mask based on the first audio track, the initial order, and an initial length of the composition, each video mask bounding a contiguous subset of frames in a corresponding video in the initial set of videos;
in response to selection of at least one of an alternative audio track, an alternative order for the initial set of videos, and an alternative length of the composition, modifying a video mask corresponding to a video in the initial set of videos;
generating a first meta file comprising a pointer to a final audio track selected for the composition, a pointer to each video in a final set of videos selected for the composition, specification for a final position and a final duration of a video mask corresponding to each video in the final set of videos, and specification for a final order for videos in the final set of videos;
uploading the first meta file and a set of frames of the private video from the first computing device to the remote database, the set of frames of the private video characterized by a duration less than an original duration of the private video stored on the first computing device and comprising:
a first sequence of frames bounded by a final position and a final duration of private video mask corresponding to the private video;
a second sequence of frames immediately preceding the first sequence of frames and spanning a preset buffer duration; and
a third sequence of frames immediately succeeding the first sequence of frames and spanning the preset buffer duration; and
loading videos in the final set of videos and the final audio track from the remote database onto a second computing device for replay at the second computing device according to the first meta file.

US Pat. No. 10,294,945

FAN AND IMPELLER THEREOF

COOLER MASTER (HUI ZHOU) ...

1. An impeller comprising:a fan frame having a wind inlet, a wind outlet and an inner ring-shaped oblique surface, the wind inlet being opposite to the wind outlet, the inner ring-shaped oblique surface being formed at an inner side wall of the fan frame and adjacent to the wind inlet;
a hub disposed in the fan frame;
a plurality of axial blades connected to the inner side wall of the fan frame and the hub, wherein each axial blade of the plurality of axial blades has a stepped recess portion that extends towards the wind inlet from a surface of the axial blades that faces the wind outlet, and wherein the stepped recess portion is defined by a first vertical sidewall and a second vertical sidewall, each extending between the wind inlet and the wind outlet, and a bottom portion extending radially between the first and second vertical sidewalls and transverse to the first and second vertical sidewalls;
a plurality of centrifugal blades axially disposed on an outer side wall of the fan frame; and
a plurality of wind guiding blades protruding from the inner ring-shaped oblique surface, each wind guiding blade having a first end and a second end radially opposite the first end, the first end contacting the inner ring-shaped oblique surface and the second end being free of any connections.

US Pat. No. 10,299,392

INTEGRALLY BONDED AND INSTALLED PROTECTIVE ENCLOSURE

Goodrich Corporation, Ch...

1. A protective enclosure for an electrically-conductive element disposed along a component surface, the enclosure comprising:a base;
a first side comprising an electrical connector;
a second side comprising an aperture configured to receive a potting material;
an internal void at least partially defined by the base, the first side, and the second side, the internal void being in communication with an external environment via the aperture; and
an anchoring mechanism within the internal void and disposed around the electrically-conductive element;
wherein the internal void comprises the potting material and a potting-free region adjacent the potting material; and
wherein the anchoring mechanism is positioned in the potting-free region.

US Pat. No. 10,299,386

PLACEMENT MACHINE AND METHOD FOR EQUIPPING A SUBSTRATE WITH UNHOUSED CHIPS

1. A placement machine for equipping a substrate with unhoused chips for electronic components each having at least one chip disposed in a housing, the placement machine comprising:a chassis;
a feed device for providing a wafer which has a multiplicity of chips,
wherein the feed device is mounted on the chassis,
a lifting device is mounted on the chassis;
a substrate-receiving device for receiving the substrate to be equipped,
wherein the substrate-receiving device is mounted on the lifting device and is moved relative to the chassis along a z-direction by the lifting device;
a placement head for picking up chips from the provided wafer and for placing the picked-up chips at predefined placement positions on the received substrate;
wherein the substrate-receiving device comprises a one-piece support element that constitutes at least an upper part of the substrate-receiving device,
wherein the substrate to be equipped is configured to be laid on the one-piece support element; and
a transport device for transporting the substrate on an upper side of the one-piece support element along a transport direction;
wherein the transport device is spatially integrated in the one-piece support element on the upper side of the one-piece support element, and
wherein an upper side of the one-piece support element has at least two optically identifiable markings outside a spatial region configured to receive the substrate to be equipped.

US Pat. No. 10,299,381

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND SUBSTRATE

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. An electronic device comprising:a substrate including a first face;
a plurality of first conductors on the first face;
a plurality of second conductors on the first face;
a first electronic component mounted on the first face, and including a first terminal connected to two or more of the first conductors, and a second terminal connected to two or more of the second conductors;
a first conductive portion in the substrate; and
a second conductive portion in the substrate, wherein
two or more of the first conductors are arranged in a first direction along the first face, and include a first connecting conductor connected to the first conductive portion, and include a first fixing conductor electrically separated from the first conductive portion and the second conductive portion,
two or more of the second conductors are arranged in the first direction, and include a second connecting conductor connected to the second conductive portion and adjacent to the first fixing conductor in a second direction along the first face and intersecting with the first direction, and include a second fixing conductor electrically separated from the first conductive portion and the second conductive portion and adjacent to the first connecting conductor in the second direction,
the first terminal is connected to the first connecting conductor and the first fixing conductor via a soldering, and
the second terminal is connected to the second connecting conductor and the second fixing conductor via a soldering.

US Pat. No. 10,299,316

COMMUNICATION BETWEEN BASE STATIONS IN A RADIO ACCESS NETWORK

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A network node for a radio access network, the network node comprising:a switch system configured to switch traffic for a plurality of base stations of the radio access network,
wherein the switch system is configured to provide for communication between a remote radio unit of a distributed base station of the plurality of base stations and a separate baseband processing unit of the distributed base station of the plurality of base stations, wherein the remote radio unit and the separate baseband processing unit are located in two different locations,
wherein the switch system is further configured to provide for communication between a first base station and a second base station of the plurality of base stations, and wherein at least one of the first and second base stations is a radio base station that comprises both a radio unit and baseband processing.

US Pat. No. 10,299,294

MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM, INFRASTRUCTURE EQUIPMENT, MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS TERMINAL AND METHOD TO COMMUNICATE USER DATA WITHIN AN UPLINK RANDOM ACCESS CHANNEL

SCA IPLA HOLDINGS INC, N...

1. A mobile terminal comprising:a communication interface configured to communicate with one or more base stations via a radio interface, wherein the mobile communication terminal is configured to use an uplink random access channel of the radio interface to transmit random access messages to the one or more base stations; and
a processor configured to communicate user data via the uplink random access channel by controlling the communication interface to transmit one or more of the random access messages at a selected timing within the uplink random access channel, the timing being selected to represent at least part of the user data,
wherein:
the one or more base stations are configured to detect whether user data is communicated via a random access message upon reception of the random access message, and
the one or more base stations are configured, after reception of a capability message including an indication of a capability of the mobile terminal, to detect whether user data is communicated via the random access message at least using a capability indicated in the capability message, wherein the capability message may be sent at least by the mobile terminal or by a central user database.

US Pat. No. 10,299,286

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANAGING UPLINK TRAFFIC FROM A CLIENT DEVICE IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method, performed in a network node, for managing uplink traffic from a client device in a communication network, the method comprising:instructing the client device to cease sending uplink traffic on existing sessions between the client device and the network node;
starting, by the network node, a timer for controlling a duration of a pause period during which the uplink traffic on existing sessions between the client device and the network node is ceased;
checking the timer for expiry of the pause period; and
on expiry of the pause period, instructing the client device to resume sending uplink traffic on existing sessions between the client device and the network node;
establishing a new session between the client device and the network node;
determining whether uplink traffic on the new session will cause a level of a client side buffer in the network node to exceed a client side buffer threshold, and
if uplink traffic on the new session will cause a level of a client side buffer in the network node to exceed a client side buffer threshold, instructing the client device to resume sending uplink traffic on the new session and existing sessions between the client device and the network node; and
if uplink traffic on the new session will not cause a level of a client side buffer in the network node to exceed a client side buffer threshold, instructing the client device to cease sending uplink traffic on the new session.

US Pat. No. 10,299,272

SWITCHING CARRIER FREQUENCY WHILE USER EQUIPMENT IS IN OFF CYCLE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:determining, by a base station, a switching occasion during which at least one connected user equipment will be in inactive and at least one idle user equipment will be inactive, wherein the switching occasion includes a common subframe during which:
the at least one connected user equipment will be inactive and/or in an off cycle or off duration and the at least one idle user equipment will be inactive and/or in an off cycle; and/or
all user equipments serviced by the base station will be inactive and/or in off cycles or off durations, the common subframe selected as the switching occasion having an inactive cycle and/or off duration for all of the user equipments;
instructing the at least one connected user equipment and at least one idle user equipment to switch, during the switching occasion, from communicating with the base station via a source carrier frequency to communicating with the base station via a target carrier frequency; and
switching, during the switching occasion, from communicating with the at least one connected user equipment and the at least one idle user equipment via the source carrier frequency to communicating with the at least one connected user equipment and the at least one idle user equipment via the target carrier frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,299,263

METHODS, A WIRELESS DEVICE, A RADIO NETWORK NODE FOR MANAGING A CONTROL BLOCK

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method, performed by a wireless device, for managing a modified control block, wherein the modified control block carries control information for the wireless device, wherein the modified control block is encoded using a FIRE code, wherein the wireless device is served by a radio network node, wherein a Temporary Flow Identifier, TFI, and an extended Temporary Flow Identifier, eTFI, are assigned to the wireless device by the radio network node, wherein the method comprises:receiving the modified control block from the radio network node;
performing a bit-wise modulo two addition between the modified control block and a combination of the eTFI and a pre-determined bit pattern to obtain a control block, wherein the pre-determined bit pattern is distributed over a distance being equal to or exceeding a shortest uncorrectable burst error length associated with the FIRE code; and
decoding the control block using FIRE-decoding to obtain the control information,
wherein the modified control block comprises parity bits, wherein the bit-wise modulo two addition between the modified control block and the combination of the eTFI and the pre-determined bit pattern is performed using bit positions among the parity bits to obtain the control block.

US Pat. No. 10,299,255

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING UPLINK CONTROL INFORMATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:grouping a plurality of resource blocks (RBs) allocated to a system bandwidth into a plurality of sub-resource blocks (sub-RBs);
mapping the PUCCH to a first sub-RB of a minimum index and a second sub-RB of a maximum index based on a transmission diversity scheme; and
transmitting, to a base station (BS), the PUCCH,
wherein the PUCCH includes uplink control information (UCI) and a demodulation reference signal (DM-RS),
wherein, when the DM-RS is mapped at equal intervals in the first and second sub-RBs, a DM-RS sequence is generated based on a number of resource elements (REs) for mapping the DM-RS in the first and second sub-RBs, and
wherein, when the DM-RS is not mapped at equal intervals in the first and second sub-RBs, the DM-RS sequence is generated based on a total number of REs in the first and second sub-RBs, and a portion of the mapped DM-RS sequence is punctured by the UCI.

US Pat. No. 10,298,231

INPUT DEVICE

ALPS ALPINE CO., LTD., T...

1. An input device comprising:a capacitive sensor; and
a piezoelectric sensor positioned on a front side of the capacitive sensor in a front-to-back direction from a front to a back of the input device, the piezoelectric sensor being configured to change an output thereof in response to a force applied to the piezoelectric sensor from a front side thereof,
wherein the piezoelectric sensor includes
a piezoelectric layer; and
a first electrode and a second electrode positioned across the piezoelectric layer from each other in the front-to-back direction,
wherein the capacitive sensor includes a capacitive sensing area where the capacitive sensor is configured to perform a sensing operation, and the first electrode and the second electrode of the piezoelectric sensor do not overlap the capacitive sensing area when viewed in the front-to-back direction,
wherein the capacitive sensor includes a plurality of drive electrodes and a plurality of sense electrodes that cross each other with an insulating layer being interposed between the plurality of drive electrodes and the plurality of sense electrodes,
wherein the plurality of sense electrodes are positioned within the capacitive sensing area,
wherein the first electrode and the second electrode are placed along one of the plurality of drive electrodes on a front side of the plurality of drive electrodes,
wherein the first electrode and the second electrode include respective wide portions where the first electrode and the second electrode increases in width, and
wherein the first electrode and the second electrode are over the one of the plurality of drive electrodes in the respective wide portions.

US Pat. No. 10,296,791

MOBILE IDENTITY PLATFORM

EyeLock LLC, New York, N...

1. A system for acquiring iris and face images, the system comprising:a sensor;
a lens, in optical communication with the sensor, to produce an out-of-focus infra-red image of an iris of a subject with the sensor and an in-focus non-infra-red image of a face of the subject with the sensor; and
a filter disposed between the sensor and the lens, the filter comprising a plurality of infra-red cut regions configured to pass visible light and to sample the in-focus non-infra-red image with the sensor, and a plurality of infra-red pass regions configured to pass infra-red light and to sample the out-of-focus infra-red image with the sensor, the plurality of infra-red pass regions configured to sample the out-of-focus infra-red image at or below a corresponding Nyquist limit for the infra-red pass regions.

US Pat. No. 10,293,863

VEHICLE BODY PANEL SECURING STRUCTURE

Hall Labs LLC, Provo, UT...

1. A three-wheeled automobile, comprisinga unibody frame, comprising:
an exposed unibody panel; and
one or more removable-panel securing fixtures disposed adjacent to the exposed unibody panel;
a flexible engine cowling panel secured to at least one of the one or more securing fixtures; and
one or more fasteners passing through the engine cowling panel and affixed to at least one of the one or more securing fixtures,
wherein the engine cowling panel passes over the one or more securing fixtures and behind the unibody panel,
wherein an outside edge of the engine cowling panel is pressed against the unibody panel outwards from the automobile by a bending force in the engine cowling panel, and
wherein the unibody panel prevents bowing of the outside edge by exerting a counter force to the bending force on the outside edge.