US Pat. No. 9,267,445

METHODS FOR ADJUSTING FUEL COMPOSITION TO INCREASE LIQUID FUEL HEAT TOLERANCE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
directly injecting liquid propane, without gasoline, to the engine via a fuel rail responsive to a fuel temperature below
a threshold;

in response to a fuel temperature greater than the threshold, directly injecting a liquid mixture of propane and gasoline
via the fuel rail; and

adjusting a composition of the liquid mixture by metering a sufficient amount of gasoline added to the propane so the mixture
remains a liquid.

US Pat. No. 9,266,574

AUTOMATICALLY DEPLOYED BICYCLE SUPPORT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A bicycle support mechanism, comprising:
a hollow shaft that is connectable to a bicycle frame, the shaft including a top end and a bottom end,
a support arm telescopically deployable downward from the bottom end of the shaft,
a friction wheel rotatably supported by the shaft, the friction wheel extending from the top end of the shaft such that the
friction wheel is arranged to be in frictional contact with a bicycle wheel, and

an actuator arranged to move the support arm, the actuator being driven by the friction wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,255,530

METHOD FOR OPERATING A SPARK IGNITION INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING AT LEAST TWO CYLINDERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a spark ignition engine, comprising:
discharging exhaust gases from each of at least two cylinders via an exhaust system comprising exhaust pipes from the at least
two cylinders coming together to form an exhaust manifold; and

under high loads, initiating autoignition with exhaust gas from a first, exhaust-gas-supplying cylinder, which is discharged
from the first cylinder into the exhaust system, the exhaust gas is introduced into an adjacent, exhaust-gas-receiving cylinder
via the exhaust system, each of the at least two cylinders having at least two exhaust ports for discharging the exhaust gases
from the cylinder, the at least two exhaust ports of each cylinder operated with different timings.

US Pat. No. 9,256,576

ASSISTED DIRECT START AND ACTIVE SUSPENSION INTEGRATION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for controlling an internal combustion engine, the system comprising:
engine shutdown/restart means; and
a controller configured for controlling the shutdown/restart means so as to selectively charge at least one energy source
operatively coupled to the engine, the at least one energy source being configured for powering an associated at least one
actuatable element of a plurality of actuatable elements of an associated vehicle active suspension system when the engine
is shut down.

US Pat. No. 9,242,542

SYSTEM FOR REDUCING ENGINE ROLL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A torque support for a drive motor in a vehicle structure comprising:
a support member connected to the vehicle structure via a bearing comprising a bearing core surrounded by a bearing bush,
the bearing bush having a recess, and the bearing core including a receiving channel for a connector, a notch extending transversely
relative to the receiving channel, and a connection web formed in a plane of the notch creating a first core portion and a
second core portion of the bearing core such that the second core portion is spaced apart from the first core portion by the
notch, and the second core portion is displaceable relative to the first core portion via one of resilient deformation of
the connection web and breaking of the connection web.

US Pat. No. 9,216,695

SMALL STORAGE POCKETS FOR A VEHICLE SEAT ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seat assembly comprising:
a seat portion disposed adjacent to a seat back having a front surface, a back surface, an inboard surface, and an outboard
surface;

a pocket disposed on the seat back; and
a climate control assembly disposed within the pocket and adapted to adjust the climate of an interior portion of the pocket
and maintain a desired temperature when a vehicle ignition is placed in an off position.

US Pat. No. 9,211,598

ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC TRIMMING OF A PART PERIMETER WITH MULTIPLE DISCRETE PULSES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A tool for trimming a panel comprising:
a lower die having plural adjacent cavities disposed around the panel and separated by walls, each cavity containing a liquid
and an electrode;

an upper die having a cutting edge extending around the panel and bridging the walls between adjacent cavities, the panel
being trimmed above each cavity and partially across the walls of each cavity by the cutting edge when stored charges are
discharged through the electrodes.

US Pat. No. 9,199,576

TAILGATE POSITION DETECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a camera module disposed on a vehicle and configured to record an image and generate an image signal representing the image;
a processing device programmed to receive the image signal generated by the camera module and determine whether a vehicle
tailgate is open based on the image recorded by the camera, wherein the processing device is programmed to identify a first
zone and a second zone in the image and determine whether the vehicle tailgate is open based on the first zone and the second
zone comparison recorded by the camera module.

US Pat. No. 9,203,068

BATTERY PACK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A battery pack comprising:
a plurality of interleaved cells and spacers arranged to form a stack having a vent side, and each of the cells having a vent
port and two terminals on a same side of the cell;

a pair of end plates disposed at opposing ends of the stack;
an inner rail and an outer rail spaced apart from one another, located at opposing sides of the cells, and spanning between
the end plates, wherein the end plates and rails are configured to support and retain the stack; and

a cover defining a raised portion spaced away from the vent side of the stack, a center portion sealed against the inner rail,
and an outboard portion sealed against the outer rail, wherein the cover is gas sealed with the end plates and the inner and
outer rails such that the vent side of the stack, the end plates and the raised portion form a vent manifold adjacent to the
vent side to receive vent gases from the cells.

US Pat. No. 9,187,081

REGENERATIVE BRAKING AND TORQUE CONVERTER CONTROL

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method for controlling regenerative braking, comprising:
(a) using wheel brake torque and regenerative braking torque to brake a vehicle;
(b) decreasing regenerative braking torque during a period at a rate set such that regenerative braking torque reaches zero
before a converter clutch opens;

(c) increasing wheel brake torque as regenerative braking torque decreases.

US Pat. No. 9,174,600

VEHICLE IMPACT ENERGY ABSORBER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An impact absorbing assembly comprising:
an instrument panel having a frame and a cover;
an impact absorbing device having a plate connected to the frame, a panel adjacent to the cover, and an intermediate portion
connecting the plate and the panel; and

an actuator configured to inflate the impact absorbing device;
wherein the panel has a panel thickness and the intermediate portion has a portion thickness less than the panel thickness;
and

wherein the panel and the intermediate portion are integral.

US Pat. No. 9,174,612

VISCOUS BRAKE FOR DRIVELINE HEATING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle method, comprising:
heating a fluid with kinetic vehicle energy by applying a viscous brake via a valve adjusted by a controller with non-transitory
instructions stored in memory without applying friction brakes, in response to a vehicle braking request below a threshold
and a driveline temperature below a threshold temperature;

applying the vehicle friction brakes if the vehicle braking request is greater than the threshold; and
directing the heated fluid to a driveline component.

US Pat. No. 9,174,678

TWELVE-CORNERED STRENGTHENING MEMBER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A strengthening member for an automotive vehicle, comprising:
a twelve-cornered cross section including sides and corners creating internal angles and external angles;
wherein the strengthening member has a mean crush force of at least 500 kN over a crush distance of 150 mm or more when axially
impacted with a rigid wall at 35 mph.

US Pat. No. 9,175,599

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH GAS AS A FUEL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine, comprising:
during low and medium load conditions, introducing fuel from a fuel tank to at least one cylinder of the engine by intake
pipe injection and not by direct injection into at least one intake air line coupled to the at least one cylinder, the fuel
in the fuel tank comprising gaseous or liquefied gaseous fuel; and

during high load conditions, introducing the fuel from the fuel tank to the at least one cylinder by direct injection in a
liquid phase into the at least one cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,169,795

EXHAUST GAS SENSOR DIAGNOSIS AND CONTROLS ADAPTATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine method, comprising:
adjusting fuel injection responsive to exhaust oxygen feedback from an anticipatory controller of an exhaust gas sensor; and
adjusting one or more parameters of the anticipatory controller responsive to a type of oxygen sensor degradation, wherein
the type of oxygen sensor degradation includes a filter degradation or a delay degradation, the filter degradation comprising
the exhaust oxygen feedback transitioning at an expected time with a response rate different than an expected response rate,
and the delay degradation comprising the exhaust oxygen feedback transitioning with the expected response rate at a time different
than the expected time.

US Pat. No. 9,169,801

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH OIL-COOLED CYLINDER BLOCK AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE OF SAID TYPE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
during a first engine warm-up phase, blocking cooling oil from entering a cylinder block cooling jacket of an engine;
during a second engine warm-up phase, routing cooling oil to the cylinder block cooling jacket while blocking return of the
cooling oil from the cylinder block cooling jacket to a heat exchanger;

during warmed-up engine operation, routing cooling oil through the cylinder block cooling jacket and to the heat exchanger;
and,

wherein routing cooling oil to the cylinder block cooling jacket while blocking return of the cooling oil from the cylinder
block cooling jacket to the heat exchanger comprises routing the cooling oil through a proportional valve in a second working
position, where in the second working position, the proportional valve opens a cylinder block outlet to flow cooling oil to
the cylinder block cooling jacket and blocks an oil drain outlet of the proportional valve to block return of the cooling
oil from the cylinder block cooling jacket, and where in the second position, an oil pump inlet is aligned with a gallery
outlet to allow lubricating oil to flow to a main engine oil gallery and one or more oil consumers.

US Pat. No. 9,157,970

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PREVENTING CONTAMINATION FROM AFFECTING MAGNETIC FIELD SENSORS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A power transmission unit comprising:
a rotatable element for transmitting power through the power transmission unit;
a magnet for creating a magnetic flux that develops frequency variations proportional to a rotational velocity of the rotatable
element; and

a magnetic field sensor configured to sense the frequency variations and including:
a sensor face provided with obstacles, wherein the obstacles constitute a series of grooves formed in the sensor face for
preventing movement of contamination across the sensor face, and

a sensor element located between the magnet and the sensor face,
wherein contamination is caused to move in a first direction across the sensor face during rotation of the rotatable element,
said obstacles being arranged in a second direction that is different from the first direction to inhibit movement of contamination
across the sensor face so as to minimize false frequency variations in the magnetic flux.

US Pat. No. 9,157,511

MULTI-SPEED TRANSMISSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission comprising:
first, second, third, fourth, and fifth shafts;
input and output shafts;
a first gearing arrangement configured to fixedly impose a linear speed relationship among the first shaft, the second shaft,
and the third shaft;

a second gearing arrangement configured to fixedly impose a linear speed relationship among the first shaft, the input shaft,
and the fourth shaft;

a third gearing arrangement configured to selectively impose a linear speed relationship among the fourth shaft, the second
shaft, and the fifth shaft;

a fourth gearing arrangement configured to fixedly impose a linear speed relationship among the fifth shaft, the output shaft,
and the second shaft;

a dog clutch configured to selectively hold the third shaft against rotation;
a brake configured to selectively hold the first shaft against rotation; and
a first clutch configured to selectively couple the input shaft to the fifth shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,132,797

NON-SYMMETRICAL KNEE AIRBAG

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle airbag assembly comprising:
an airbag; and
a plurality of tethers attached to front and rear faces of the airbag and each having a width spanning less than a corresponding
width between ends of the airbag such that one of the ends defines an enlarged portion beside an unattached edge of each of
the tethers relative to the other of the ends upon inflation.

US Pat. No. 9,120,382

TRACTION BATTERY DISCHARGE CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a battery pack including a plurality of cells;
an electric machine configured to transform electrical power from the battery pack to motive power for the vehicle; and
at least one controller configured to cause a discharge of the cells in direct response to detecting a fault condition such
that the battery pack achieves a state of charge of approximately zero or less to render the battery pack inoperable.

US Pat. No. 9,109,500

CHARGE AIR COOLER HOUSING WATER TRAP

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A charge air cooler for use with an internal combustion engine comprising:
a cooler housing having a housing outlet, the cooler housing configured to couple with an intercooler core outlet;
a deflector plate arranged within the cooler housing upstream of the housing outlet and configured to deflect water past the
housing outlet; and

a water trap including a louver assembly disposed within the cooler housing and configured to inhibit water passing through
the housing outlet.

US Pat. No. 9,103,245

ENGINE SYSTEM AND A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine system, comprising:
an oil transfer passage having a thermal barrier interposed between oil and the engine, the thermal barrier comprising:
a plastic tube having a low thermal conductivity positioned in the oil transfer passage,
wherein the plastic tube defines an oil flow passage through which oil pressurized by an oil circulation pump flows in use.

US Pat. No. 9,103,271

EXHAUST LEAKAGE MANAGEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

9. A turbocharger wastegate for an engine comprising:
an enclosure in sealing engagement with a leakage possible portion of the wastegate; and
a fluid path from the enclosure to a positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) system to move exhaust gas leaked from the wastegate
to a crankcase of the engine wherein the fluid path includes an oil return line for a bearing of a turbocharger.

US Pat. No. 9,068,500

BOOSTED IN-LINE VARIABLE-DISPLACEMENT ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine comprising:
a first turbine fluidically coupled to a first group of adjacent cylinders via a first exhaust conduit;
a second turbine fluidically coupled to a second group of adjacent cylinders arranged along a line with the first group of
cylinders, the second turbine fluidically coupled to the second group via a second exhaust conduit, the first exhaust conduit
and the second exhaust conduit fluidly coupled via a connecting valve and in thermal communication with coolant jackets of
a cylinder head;

a variable valve-lift system configured to admit at least air to the first group of cylinders during reduced engine-load conditions,
but to stop admitting air to the second group of cylinders during the reduced engine-load conditions;

a first compressor fluidically coupled to the first group of cylinders via a first intake conduit and mechanically coupled
to the first turbine, the first intake conduit including a first throttle valve and one or more merge portions that merge
into the first compressor, the first intake conduit only coupled to the first group of cylinders downstream of the first throttle;
and

a second compressor fluidically coupled to the second group of cylinders via a second intake conduit and mechanically coupled
to the second turbine, the second intake conduit including a second throttle valve and one or more merge portions that merge
into the second compressor, the second intake conduit only coupled to the second group of cylinders downstream of the second
throttle; and a crankshaft having a throw associated with each cylinder and coupled rotationally to a piston within that cylinder,
wherein the crankshaft presents a rotation axis, wherein the throws associated with all cylinders of the first group eclipse
each other when viewed from a point along the rotation axis; and wherein the throws associated with all cylinders of the second
group eclipse each other when viewed from a point along the rotation axis.

US Pat. No. 9,061,616

ARTICULATING HEADREST ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:
a seatback;
a headrest;
a support structure extending between the headrest and the seatback, including:
a primary member pivotally coupled with the headrest and the seatback;
a secondary member having an upper end and a lower end, wherein the upper end is pivotally coupled with the headrest about
a lateral axis spaced from the primary member; and

a trim piece enclosing the primary and secondary members;
a first actuator coupled between the primary member and the seatback for rotating the headrest between a rearward position
and a forward position; and

a second actuator coupled between the lower end of the secondary member and the seatback for moving the headrest between a
first angle and a second angle.

US Pat. No. 9,061,629

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY VALIDATING A TRAILER CONNECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus for validating a connection between a vehicle and a trailer, the apparatus comprising:
a controller configured to:
detect an object positioned rearward of the vehicle;
receive first information indicative of a first distance between the object and the vehicle;
monitor transmission status of the vehicle in response to the first information;
determine whether the first distance between the object and the vehicle is decreasing in response to the transmission status
indicating that the vehicle is in reverse;

determine that the object is a trailer in the event the first distance between the object and the vehicle has not decreased
while the vehicle is in reverse;

determine whether the vehicle has traveled above a predetermined distance while the vehicle is in a forward drive mode; and
receive second information indicative of a second distance between the object and the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,061,686

ROAD GRADE ESTIMATION FOR A TRAILERED VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle control method, comprising:
recording a towing vehicle road grade for a fixed road position when a towing vehicle tows a trailered vehicle;
shifting, using a controller, the recording to provide a trailered vehicle road grade for the fixed road position based upon
the towing vehicle road grade; and

initiating a vehicle control adjustment to control the towing vehicle based upon the trailered vehicle road grade.

US Pat. No. 10,125,838

PARTICLE VIBRATION DAMPER ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle vibration damper assembly comprising:a receptacle mounted to a vehicle body structure, located proximate and mechanically connected to an engine, and including a first component, a second component defining a cavity to receive steel shot, and a seal therebetween,
wherein the second component includes a plug for cavity access without removal of the engine and located at a second component periphery, and wherein the second component further includes a first vertical side located adjacent the plug, a first horizontal side extending ninety degrees from the first vertical side in a longitudinal vehicle direction, a first angle side extending upward from the first horizontal side to a second horizontal side, a second angle side extending downward from the second horizontal side to a canister outcrop having a curve toward a canister center, a second vertical side extending from the canister outcrop, a third horizontal side extending from the second vertical side, and a third angle side extending from the third horizontal side to the first vertical side.

US Pat. No. 10,121,464

SUBBAND ALGORITHM WITH THRESHOLD FOR ROBUST BROADBAND ACTIVE NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle system comprising:an active noise control (ANC) system including a processor programmed to implement an adaptive subband filtered reference control algorithm that applies thresholds to reference and error feedback signal paths such that, responsive to broadband non-Gaussian impulsive reference signals indicative of road noise and detected via sensors, weight coefficients defining an adaptive filter of the control algorithm converge and permit the ANC system to partially cancel the road noise via a speaker.

US Pat. No. 10,099,588

REVERSIBLE WRITING SURFACE FOR SOFT ARMREST APPLICATIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An armrest unit, comprising:an armrest having:
a first section constructed of a compressible material; and
a second section constructed of a non-compressible material connected to one side of the first section; and
a mounting pin engaging a mounting channel disposed in the first section;
wherein the armrest is selectively pivotable about an armrest end and rotatable about the mounting pin to move the armrest 180° between a first configuration and second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,086,839

SEMIAUTONOMOUS VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A controller comprising a processor and a memory storing processor-executable instructions, wherein the processor is programmed to:activate a first autonomy mode to control steering and at least one of propulsion and braking; and
while in the first autonomy mode, disregard a command from an occupant to at least one of adjust a position of a steering wheel or, if a safety threshold is exceeded, deactivate windshield wipers or headlamps or recline a driver seat.

US Pat. No. 10,086,680

INTEGRATED SUNROOF DRAINAGE CONDUIT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An air duct for a vehicle having a sunroof comprising:an elongated, hollow body defining an air passage for a climate system;
a drainage conduit integrally formed on an outside surface of the body;
an inlet at a first end of the conduit for receiving drainage from the sunroof; and
an outlet at a second end of the conduit for draining the drainage to ambient;
wherein the body includes at least a first side wall and an elongated wall connecting the first side wall to a second side wall opposite the first side wall, the conduit including a first substantially vertical portion formed on the first side wall, a second substantially vertical portion formed on the second side wall, and a transverse portion formed at least partially on the elongated wall, the transverse portion connecting the first substantially vertical portion to the second substantially vertical portion.

US Pat. No. 10,071,700

REAR IMPACT GUARD FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A rear impact guard for a vehicle comprising:a bumper including side members connected to the vehicle and extending downwardly therefrom and a bottom member extending between the side members, wherein the bumper is pivotally attached to the vehicle and is pivotal between a substantially vertical position and angled position in which the bumper is folded under the vehicle; and
a step including a step surface and pivotally attached between the side members so that the step is movable between a storage position and a step position in which the step surface is substantially parallel to the ground.

US Pat. No. 10,071,732

WINDSHIELD STONE IMPACT RESPONSE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A computing device, programmed to:identify an impact to a vehicle windshield as a stone impact based on data from a pressure sensor in the windshield; and
upon identifying the stone impact, identify any large truck located within a predetermined radius of the vehicle, and actuate the vehicle to make an evasive maneuver.

US Pat. No. 10,052,938

REINFORCEMENT PILLAR FOR A VEHICLE HAVING AN INTEGRATED HEATER DUCT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle structural pillar comprising:an upper reinforcement partially extending over a wheel house, having first and second surfaces, and defining a slot within an area between the first and second surfaces such that a duct extends through the slot and over the wheel house; and
a lower reinforcement attached to the upper reinforcement and disposed adjacent the wheel house, and perpendicular to and secured with a floor defining a load path through the reinforcements.

US Pat. No. 10,046,661

DETECTION OF ON-BOARD CHARGER CONNECTION TO ELECTRIC VEHICLE SUPPLY EQUIPMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a charger;
a charge port including circuitry configured to interface with a control pilot and a proximity sense conductor of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) to respectively establish, when connected, a pilot signal between the charger and EVSE to control the charger and a proximity signal indicative of a state of engagement between the charge port and EVSE; and
a controller programmed to debounce the pilot signal for a debounce duration that changes when the proximity signal and the pilot signal are in disagreement regarding the state of engagement and, in response to a traction battery of the vehicle being charged, interrupt the charging when the pilot signal is invalid for a time greater than the debounce duration.

US Pat. No. 10,029,670

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO PREVENT DRIVELINE FLOAT IN LASH REGION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A powertrain control system comprising:an engine and an electric machine coupled to a gearbox through a torque converter; and
a controller programmed to, in response to a driver demand torque at the torque converter being between an impeller stall torque of the torque converter and a predetermined negative torque and a torque at the torque converter being greater than the impeller stall torque, command the engine and the electric machine to cause the torque to be the impeller stall torque.

US Pat. No. 10,029,695

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A BELT-DRIVEN INTEGRATED STARTER GENERATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle drive system, comprising:a front end accessory drive including a belt;
an engine coupled to the belt via a crankshaft pulley;
a BISG coupled to the belt via a BISG pulley, the BISG coupled to a battery;
an accessory load coupled to the belt via a clutch pulley;
an electrically actuatable tensioner coupled to the belt between the crankshaft pulley and the BISG pulley, the tensioner having a solenoid coupled to a spring mechanism; and
a controller with computer readable instructions stored on non-transitory memory for:
when BISG torque is at zero torque and the engine is idling;
commanding the tensioner to an extended state by energizing the solenoid;
inferring an actual state of the tensioner based on a change in engine load following the energizing; and
indicating degradation of the tensioner based on the commanded state relative to the actual state.

US Pat. No. 10,029,535

SUSPENSION SYSTEM WEAR EXTENT ESTIMATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for estimating extent of wear of a suspension system in a vehicle, the method comprising:receiving baseline operational parameters of the suspension system over a communication channel that correspond to an unused suspension system;
detecting motion parameters of the vehicle while the vehicle is in motion by a computing device fixedly deployed within the vehicle;
estimating actual operational parameters for the suspension system based on the detected motion parameters;
monitoring periodically to determine whether the actual operational parameters deviate from the baseline operational parameters of the suspension system; and
in response to determining that the actual operational parameters deviate from the baseline operational parameters beyond a predefined threshold, generating an alert to indicate an extent of wear of the suspension system.

US Pat. No. 10,030,592

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SECONDARY FLUID INJECTION CONTROL IN AN ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:compressing intake air delivered to an engine with a compressor; and
adjusting an amount of secondary fluid injected at an engine cylinder of the engine based on a first change in pumping current of an exhaust oxygen sensor between a first and second reference voltage when only fuel is injected into the engine cylinder and a second change in pumping current of the exhaust oxygen sensor between the first and second reference voltage when fuel and the secondary fluid are injected into the engine cylinder, wherein the exhaust oxygen sensor is a variable voltage oxygen sensor and wherein the second reference voltage is higher than the first reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,982,780

ILLUMINATED INDICATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A gear shifter indicator assembly, comprising:a plurality of indicia separated from a shifter lever;
a position indicator configured to move in concert with the shifter lever;
a light source disposed on the position indicator and below the plurality of indicia;
a first photoluminescent structure proximate the indicia and configured to luminesce in response to excitation by the light source; and
a user interface configured to control the light source.

US Pat. No. 9,890,697

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR BOOST PRESSURE CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a boosted engine, comprising:
bypassing a first, upstream compressor and providing a flow of compressed air to a piston engine via a second, downstream
compressor; and

in response to a boost pressure overshoot, adjusting speed of the first compressor.

US Pat. No. 9,809,250

INTUITIVE DRIVER INTERFACE FOR TRAILER BACKUP ASSIST

Ford Global Technologies,...

15. A method, comprising:
providing a control element movable to a select position of a first position providing a zero curvature command defined by
a longitudinal centerline axis of the trailer and movable in two opposing ranges of motion to second and third positions providing
curvature commands in opposing directions from the zero curvature command;

sensing a hitch angle between a vehicle and a trailer; and
generating a steering command for the vehicle based on the hitch angle and a commanded curvature of the trailer provided by
the control element, wherein the commanded curvature controls a path of the trailer to follow a predetermined curvature based
on the select position while reversing the trailer.

US Pat. No. 9,811,935

EMOTIVE ADVISORY SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An emotive advisory system for use by an occupant of an automotive vehicle, the system comprising:
a computer configured to
receive input indicative of an operating state of the vehicle and input indicative of an emotional state of the occupant,
generate data representing an avatar having an appearance and data representing a spoken statement for the avatar having at
least one speech characteristic, the appearance and the at least one speech characteristic (i) depending on at least one of
the operating state of the vehicle and the emotional state of the occupant and (ii) conveying a simulated emotional state
of the avatar to the occupant to prompt the occupant to pose a query regarding a cause of the avatar's simulated emotional
state,

receive input indicative of a query from the occupant regarding the avatar's simulated emotional state,
in response to the query, generate data representing another spoken statement for the avatar and including information about
the cause of the avatar's simulated emotional state, and

output the data representing the avatar for visual display and the data representing the statements for the avatar for audio
play.

US Pat. No. 9,813,541

MOBILE DEVICE CONTROL FOR POWERED DOOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle door system comprising:
an actuator configured to adjust a position of a door;
at least one communication circuit comprising a first communication circuit and a second communication circuit, the first
communication circuit in communication with a mobile device configured to capture authentication information indicating an
identity of an occupant; and

a controller configured to:
receive a request from the mobile device requesting the vehicle to retrieve the occupant via a first communication from the
first communication circuit;

receive authentication information from the mobile device in the first communication from the first communication circuit;
receive the authentication information from the mobile device as a second communication from the second communication circuit;
authenticate the identity of the occupant by comparing the identity information from the first communication and the second
communication, wherein the comparison identifies that the identity of the occupant in the first communication is the same
as the identity in the second communication; and

control the actuator to make the vehicle accessible in response to the authentication.

US Pat. No. 9,809,160

TAILGATE ILLUMINATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a truck bed defining a cargo space;
a bumper positioned vehicle rearward of the truck bed;
a tailgate defining a recessed surface, the tailgate rotatable between substantially open and substantially closed positions;
and

an illumination system comprising:
a first optically interactive portion positioned on the truck bed;
a second optically interactive portion positioned on the tailgate; and
a light source positioned on the recessed surface of the tailgate, wherein the light source and the first and second optically
interactive surfaces are configured to illuminate the cargo space when the tailgate is in the substantially open position
and illuminate the bumper in the substantially closed position.

US Pat. No. 9,809,214

BATTERY STATE OF CHARGE CONTROL USING ROUTE PREVIEW DATA

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a navigation system configured to provide predicted speed and grade profiles;
a traction battery;
an engine; and
a controller programmed to (i) generate engine commands including engine off requests and commands permissive of engine off
requests, and, in response to a first engine cycling command based on the profiles being an engine off request and a second
engine cycling command derived independent of the profiles being permissive of engine off requests while the engine is on,
cause the engine to transition to off and (ii) generate a target state of charge for the traction battery based on the profiles
and a base battery power reference independent of the profiles, and, in response to the first engine cycling command defining
at least a predetermined number of engine cycles over a route, charge and discharge the traction battery based on the target
state of charge and the base battery power reference.

US Pat. No. 9,809,218

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTONOMOUS VALET PARKING USING PLENOPTIC CAMERAS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a plenoptic camera to obtain an image external to the vehicle;
a controller to:
autonomously navigate a vehicle toward a parking space identified as unoccupied;
generate, based on the image, an occupancy map indicating occupied regions in a plurality of concentric regions;
determine whether the parking space is available based on the occupancy map; and
send, in response to determining the parking space is unavailable, an error message to a driver.

US Pat. No. 9,809,230

UNEXPECTED THERMAL EVENT ASSIST

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a thermal sensor; and
a connectivity device of a vehicle, in communication with the thermal sensor, configured to
receive an indication from the thermal sensor indicative of detection of a thermal event within a structure housing the vehicle,
responsive to the detection, autonomously move the vehicle out of the structure away from the thermal event, and
operate as an information relay that provides status of the thermal event.

US Pat. No. 9,764,790

TRANSPORTATION DEVICE FOLDABLE BETWEEN PERSONAL TRANSPORTER AND BICYCLE CONFIGURATIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transportation device comprising:
a frame foldable between a bicycle configuration and a personal transporter configuration;
a sensor configured to sense when the frame is in at least one of the bicycle configuration and the personal transporter configuration;
a first wheel and a second wheel each rotatably coupled to the frame;
a first motor coupled to the first wheel and a second motor coupled to the second wheel; and
a controller programmed to instruct the first motor to rotate in a first direction in response to a signal from the sensor
that the frame is in the bicycle configuration, and to instruct the first motor to rotate in a second direction opposite the
first direction in response to a signal from the sensor that the frame is in the personal transporter configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,729,033

VARIABLE SPEED ELECTRO-MECHANICAL DRIVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electrical machine for driving one or more ancillary devices of a motor, the electrical machine comprising:
a stator configured to be rotated; and
a rotor rotatably mounted relative to the stator, and wherein a rotational speed of the rotor of the electrical machine depends
upon a supply current to the electrical machine and a rotational speed of the stator,

wherein the stator is coupled to an output shaft of the motor.

US Pat. No. 9,656,665

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A DRIVELINE DUAL MASS FLYWHEEL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of adjusting operation of a hybrid vehicle driveline, comprising:
adjusting a torque converter clutch in response to a speed or torque differential across a dual mass flywheel (DMF) positioned
in the hybrid vehicle driveline between an engine and a driveline disconnect clutch where the DMF is a driveline component
positioned between the engine and the driveline disconnect clutch.

US Pat. No. 9,688,119

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REGENERATING ODOR ABSORBENT IN A MOTOR VEHICLE HVAC SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus for regenerating an odor absorbent in a motor vehicle HVAC system, comprising:
a regeneration blower assembly connected between a heater plenum and a fresh air inlet duct of said HVAC system whereby air
warmed in said heater plenum is directed through said odor absorbent and then discharged through a fresh air inlet of said
HVAC system.

US Pat. No. 9,649,992

METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING A TRIM PART TO A SUPPORTING PART OF A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for assembling a trim part (10) having an outer surface (16), an inner surface (18), a fixing means (14) to a supporting part (12) having a counter means (20), comprising: fastening an indicator (30) on the outer surface (16) opposite the fixing means (14) indicating the position of the fixing means (14); aligning the trim part (10) and the supporting part (12), wherein the aligning step includes arranging a spacer (26) between the trim part and the supporting part; and applying force near the indicator (30) to engage the fixing means (14) and the counter means (20).

US Pat. No. 9,650,047

METHOD OF OPERATING A TRANSMISSION CLUTCH

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a gearbox configured to establish one of a plurality of speed ratios between a gearbox input shaft and an output shaft in
response to manipulation of a shifter;

an engine having a crankshaft;
a friction clutch configured to selectively couple the gearbox input shaft to the crankshaft;
an accelerator pedal;
a clutch pedal; and
a controller programmed to
disengage the clutch in response to release of the accelerator pedal while the vehicle is moving and the clutch pedal is in
a released state, and

re-engage the clutch in response to a vehicle speed decreasing to less than a first threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,670,894

SPARK PLUG FOULING DETECTION FOR IGNITION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
providing a dwell command on a control wire of an ignition system; and
generating an indication of a recommendation to change a spark plug of the ignition system when a current on the control wire
drops below a predetermined value after a threshold period of time has elapsed after the dwell command is provided, the current
on the control wire measured via a current sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,637,129

DRIVER TRAINING INTERFACE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle interface system of a vehicle, comprising:
a user input device for receiving a passenger braking request from a passenger, the user input device distinct from each of
a brake pedal and an accelerator pedal fixedly installed in a vehicle cabin;

a transducer coupled to the user input device for generating an output based on the braking request; and
a controller with software logic for,
receiving the transducer output;
generating each of an engine brake torque command and a wheel brake torque output command based on the passenger braking request,
the engine brake torque command including an engine compression braking and an engine regenerative braking command, the engine
brake torque command generated independent of an operator braking request received via the brake pedal and an operator acceleration
request received via the accelerator pedal, wherein the operator braking request and the operator acceleration request is
received along with the passenger braking request, and wherein the generating includes overriding the operator braking request
and the operator acceleration request; and

relaying the engine brake torque command and the wheel brake torque output command to a vehicle control system via a vehicle
diagnostics port, the port also relaying diagnostic codes related to vehicle malfunction.

US Pat. No. 9,669,453

EXPANDABLE CLINCH JOINT PUNCH

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A clinch punch comprising:
a core having a first cam surface;
a sleeve defining an opening and having a cylindrical portion and a plurality of teeth each located inboard of the cylindrical
portion and including a second cam surface; and

an actuator for driving the core and sleeve into a plurality of panels, wherein the first cam surface engages the second cam
surfaces thereafter to move the teeth outwardly to join the panels together.

US Pat. No. 9,630,578

RAIL ATTACHED TO A SUB-FRAME AND EXTENDING OUTBOARD OF THE FRAME RAIL

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A front end structure for a vehicle comprising:
a bumper;
a crush can attaching the bumper to a frame rail;
a sub-frame supporting an engine; and
a spreading rail attached below the crush can to a front transverse rail of the sub-frame, the spreading rail extending outboard
of the frame rail and upward to a location vertically aligned with the bumper.

US Pat. No. 9,587,578

ADAPTIVE LEARNING OF DUTY CYCLE FOR A HIGH PRESSURE FUEL PUMP

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
via a controller of an engine control system, decreasing fuel rail pressure below a threshold; then
while not direct injecting fuel into an engine, learning a dead zone for a high pressure fuel pump based on a change in pump
duty cycle relative to a resulting change in fuel rail pressure via the controller; and

while direct injecting fuel into the engine and during closed-loop control of the fuel rail pressure, adjusting the pump duty
cycle to stay above the learned dead zone via the controller.

US Pat. No. 9,553,694

RF JAMMING MITIGATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A jamming detection system for a vehicle, comprising:
an antenna configured to receive a radio frequency (RF) wave defining a series of RF pulse and quiet phase durations; and
a processor programmed to lock the vehicle in response to one but not both of the durations exceeding a predetermined threshold,
and to arm an alarm of the vehicle in response to both of the durations exceeding respective predetermined thresholds.

US Pat. No. 9,517,771

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE MODES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising a computer in a vehicle, the computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the computer is
programmed to:
identify an operator of the vehicle;
determine, based at least in part on the operator's identity, a plurality of parameters, wherein each parameter provides a
rule for a respective vehicle operation that includes at least one of controlling vehicle speed and controlling vehicle steering;

use the parameters to select one of at least three possible modes of autonomously operating the vehicle; and
autonomously operate the vehicle by controlling each of vehicle speed, vehicle acceleration, vehicle deceleration, vehicle
braking, at least one of a vehicle distance and a vehicle time to other vehicles, vehicle steering, and also one or more of
lane change minimum gap between vehicles, left turn across path minimum, time to arrival at intersection, and turn clearance,
the autonomous operation being performed at least in part according to the selected mode, wherein the selected mode sets a
value for each of the parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,512,650

HOOD LATCH RELEASE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hood latch release system comprising:
a cable having a first end fixedly disposed on a bumper beam and a second end;
a cable pusher that extends through an opening in the bumper beam; and
a linkage that couples the second end to a hood latch;
wherein the cable pusher engages the cable between the first and second ends and deflects the cable to unlatch the hood latch.

US Pat. No. 9,506,408

METHOD OF FUEL INJECTION FOR A VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine including a selectively deactivatable cylinder, comprising:
decreasing an amount of fuel injected by a port injector while increasing an amount of fuel injected by a direct injector
prior to deactivating the cylinder;

wherein the amount of fuel injected by the port injector is substantially zero;
further comprising discontinuing fueling via the direct injector when a quantity of intake port fuel puddle of the cylinder
is completely consumed.

US Pat. No. 9,505,405

REAR COLLISION AVOIDANCE AND MITIGATION SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising a computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the computer is programmed to:
use data collected from host vehicle sensors to generate a virtual map of objects proximate to the host vehicle on at least
a front side and a rear side;

determine, based on the virtual map, that a front collision and a rear collision will occur;
receive, from a user, a request for braking at a first level;
determine one or more damage mitigation actions based on the determination that the front collision and rear collision will
occur, and

send instructions to one or more control units to execute respective damage mitigation actions, wherein the instructions include
braking at a second level less than the first level.

US Pat. No. 9,505,447

GAP JOINT FOR CLOSED SECTION LOAD TRANSFER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A framed joint for a vehicle comprising:
a hydro-formed tubular rail;
a bracket attached to the rail and extending inwardly therefrom;
a body panel attached to the rail and including an inner flange defining a notch; and
an extruded cross-car structural support including an upper wall and a lower wall spaced apart to define a closed section,
wherein the lower wall is assembled to the bracket such that a lateral end of the upper wall is disposed within the notch
and a first air gap is defined between the lateral end and the notch, and such that a second air gap is defined between a
lateral end of the lower wall and the rail.

US Pat. No. 9,495,787

EMOTIVE TEXT-TO-SPEECH SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An emotive text-to-speech system comprising:
a computer configured to
receive data representing a text stream and a simulated emotion to be expressed by an audio output;
selectively embed at least a portion of the data representing the simulated emotion in the data representing the text stream
to form data representing an emotive text stream representing a spoken phrase having simulated emotional content; and

output the emotive text stream data for play by the audio output.

US Pat. No. 9,488,231

COOLING ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING COOLING AIR FLOW IN REGION OF CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

15. A method for providing a cooling air flow in a region of a constant velocity joint, the constant velocity joint including
a housing having a first housing portion and a second housing portion and a fastener, the method comprising:
locating a load-distributing portion of a cooling device between the fastener and the housing while coupling the first housing
portion to the second housing portion with the fastener;

distributing, with the cooling device, a load applied to the housing by the fastener;
rotating the constant velocity joint; and
creating a current of air by concurrently rotating the cooling device with the constant velocity joint.

US Pat. No. 9,482,176

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COMPENSATING GASEOUS FUEL INJECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine, comprising:
determining a temperature of air entering the engine;
determining a temperature of a gaseous fuel injected to the engine, the temperature of the gaseous fuel based on engine intake
manifold pressure, on a calculation that does not include air temperature, and being a temperature of the gaseous fuel after
it has expanded in an engine air intake; and

adjusting a cylinder air charge via an electronic controller in response to the temperature of air entering the engine and
the temperature of the gaseous fuel injected into the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,470,033

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING VEHICLE ACCESS COMPONENT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising a computer in a vehicle, the computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the computer is
configured to:
determine that a user is located within an operating region about an access component of the vehicle;
collect image data of an object in a gesture path for the access component;
compare the object image data to activating gesture parameters, the activating gesture parameters including at least one of
a range of gesture dynamic characteristics and a range of user characteristics, the activating gesture parameters defining
a plurality of activating user gestures; and

operate an actuator to move the access component between open and closed positions when the comparison identifies that the
object image data corresponds to one of the plurality of activating user gestures.

US Pat. No. 9,469,364

FOLDABLE ELECTRIC BICYCLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A foldable bicycle comprising:
a frame defining a pivot axis and a pivot and locking mechanism that includes a base, a locking housing that receives the
base, and a pivot housing;

a front wheel assembly disposed on the frame and configured to rotate about the pivot axis; and
a rear wheel assembly disposed on the frame and defining an opening,
wherein the front wheel assembly is disposed within the opening defined by the rear wheel assembly when the bicycle is in
a folded position,

wherein the pivot housing and the base engage the locking housing when the bicycle is in the folded position and in an unfolded
position,

wherein the base defines holes and wherein the locking housing includes pins configured to engage the holes of the base.

US Pat. No. 9,467,002

VEHICLE CHARGING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a battery;
a charge plate electrically connected to the battery;
a sensor configured to output a signal indicative of a sensed temperature; and
a vehicle controller configured to cause (a) an association signal to be repeatedly transmitted from the vehicle during a
battery charge procedure such that charging of the battery via the charge plate is maintained, and (b) in response to the
sensed temperature exceeding a primary threshold, the repeated transmission of the association signal from the vehicle to
be interrupted such that charging of the battery ceases.

US Pat. No. 9,463,447

HYDROCARBON TRAP WITH INCREASED ZEOLITE LOADING AND IMPROVED ADSORPTION CAPACITY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for reducing cold start hydrocarbon emissions from a vehicle engine comprising:
providing a hydrocarbon trap positioned in an exhaust passage of a vehicle, said hydrocarbon trap comprising a monolithic
wall-flow substrate having a porosity of at least 60% and including a loading of at least 4 g/in3 zeolite wherein at least 2 g/in3 of the zeolite penetrates into porous walls of the monolithic wall-flow substrate, wherein the hydrocarbon trap further comprises
a three-way catalyst over said zeolite, with a loading of about 2 g/in3 of said three-way catalyst; and

passing exhaust gases through said trap at a gas space velocity of about 30,000/hr; wherein said trap adsorbs from about 50
to 90% of unburned hydrocarbons in said exhaust gases at a temperature between about ?40 and 200° C.

US Pat. No. 9,453,481

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine including cooled EGR, comprising:
supplying cooled EGR to engine cylinders; and
increasing a concentration of internal EGR supplied to the engine cylinders in response to a concentration of cooled EGR supplied
to the engine cylinders during a reduction in engine load, where the concentration of internal EGR is increased as the concentration
of cooled EGR increases, and further comprising decreasing the concentration of cooled EGR supplied to the engine cylinders
via closing an EGR valve and increasing intake and exhaust valve opening time overlap during the reduction in engine load
until a rate of decrease in engine load exceeds a threshold rate of decrease in engine load.

US Pat. No. 9,429,114

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS LEAK TESTING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
during an engine-off event:
in a first condition, including a fuel tank absolute pressure greater than a threshold where a fuel tank is isolated from
a fuel vapor canister, coupling the fuel tank to the fuel vapor canister while sealing the canister and fuel tank from an
engine intake manifold and atmosphere, and indicating degradation based on a first change in pressure at the fuel vapor canister;
and

in a second condition, if fuel tank absolute pressure is less than the threshold where the fuel tank is isolated from the
fuel vapor canister, coupling the fuel vapor canister to an engine intake while maintaining the fuel tank sealed from atmosphere
and the fuel vapor canister, and indicating degradation based on a second change in pressure at the fuel vapor canister.

US Pat. No. 9,421,548

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SCUTCHING MATERIAL FIBERS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising:
first and second plates defining a first cavity, the first plate including first teeth extending into the first cavity and
movable in a first direction, the second plate including second teeth extending into the first cavity and movable in a second
direction different from the first direction, wherein the first plate is movable along a plane of the first direction; and

third and fourth plates defining a second cavity, the second cavity having a second longitudinal axis different from a first
longitudinal axis of the first cavity defined by the first and second plates.

US Pat. No. 9,409,563

PHEV ENERGY MANAGEMENT CONTROL WITH TRIP-ORIENTED ENERGY CONSUMPTION PREPLANNING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a controller configured to control battery usage of a vehicle during a vehicle trip according to a battery state-of-charge
(SOC) profile generated from dynamic programming of a fuel consumption rate and a battery electricity depletion rate based
on a spatial domain normalized drive power (SNDP) distribution of a predefined driving pattern corresponding to the trip,
the SNDP distribution being a drive power demand distribution of the driving pattern in a spatial domain with total propulsion
energy for the trip is calculated by:

Eprop=?OTPwhldt=?OSPsndpds,
wherein, Pwhl is the time domain drive power demand,

T is the total trip time duration,
S is distance until charge,
Psndp is the spatial domain normalized drive power.

US Pat. No. 9,409,620

CANTILEVERED REAR STAY AND SUSPENSION FOR A SHAFT DRIVEN BICYCLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A bicycle comprising:
a cantilevered stay pivotally connecting a rear wheel to a frame;
a crank supported by the frame, wherein the cantilevered stay is pivotally connected to the frame about the crank;
a gearbox disposed within a hub;
a drive-shaft disposed in the cantilevered stay connecting the crank to the gearbox; and
a suspension system connected to the cantilevered stay and frame to damp relative movement therebetween.

US Pat. No. 9,399,418

INDEPENDENT CUSHION EXTENSION AND THIGH SUPPORT

Ford Global Technologies,...

9. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:
a seat frame;
first and second support bases pivotal about a forward portion of the seat frame and including first and second extendable
members, respectively, each extendable member having a flex member supporting a cushion thereon; and

first and second motors disposed on the first and second support bases, respectively, the first and second motors coupled
with and configured to extend and retract the first and second extendable members.

US Pat. No. 9,399,461

OPPORTUNISTIC CHARGING OF HYBRID VEHICLE BATTERY

Ford Global Technologies,...

7. A vehicle powertrain comprising:
an engine;
a motor electrically connected to a battery;
a first clutch configured to selectively couple the engine to the motor;
a second clutch configured to selectively couple the motor to a gearbox; and
a controller configured to
while the first clutch is engaged and the second clutch is disengaged, operate the motor to generate a first charging torque
based on a state of charge of the battery,

respond to a decrease in engine speed resulting from a load on the engine associated with the first charging torque by controlling
the engine to increase the engine speed toward a predetermined engine idle speed, and

respond to the engine speed decreasing below a threshold by adjusting the first charging torque to decrease the load on the
engine.

US Pat. No. 9,394,834

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for a four-stroke internal combustion engine comprising:
at least two cylinders;
a fuel direct injection device;
a variable valve timing system; and
a control system with computer readable non-transitory instructions stored in memory and executable by a processor to:
below a lower load threshold, deactivate a first cylinder; and
during a compression stroke of the first cylinder while the first cylinder is deactivated, inject fuel into a combustion chamber
of the first cylinder and open an outlet valve of the first cylinder, wherein the outlet valve of the first cylinder is open
for an entire duration of the compression stroke of the first cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,394,846

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRE-IGNITION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine system, comprising,
an engine including a first cylinder with a first, higher pre-ignition count and a second cylinder with a second, lower pre-ignition
count;

a direct fuel injector configured to direct inject fuel into the first and/or the second cylinder; and
a controller with computer readable instructions for,
operating the first cylinder in a split injection mode to rich inject fuel directly in the first cylinder; and
operating the second cylinder in a single injection mode to lean inject fuel directly in the second cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,384,662

PARKING ASSISTANCE FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable media storing computer-executable instructions that, when executed, provide a method
of assessing whether motion of a vehicle is conducive to detecting an available parking slot, the method comprising:
receiving signals usable to calculate a distance of the vehicle from first and second objects;
starting a counter when said first object is detected at a first position using the signals;
determining whether the distance exceeds a first distance threshold;
determining whether a second object is detected within a second threshold distance from the first position; and
transmitting a notification when the first distance threshold is exceeded indicating that the distance threshold is exceeded,
wherein the distance of the vehicle from the objects is calculated when the second object is detected within the second threshold
distance, and wherein the counter is reset to zero when the second object is not detected within the second threshold distance,
such that calculating the distance of the vehicle from the objects is conditioned on satisfaction of the second threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,376,949

AIR-INJECTION SYSTEM TO IMPROVE EFFECTIVENESS OF SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION CATALYST

Ford Global Technologies,...

2. The system of claim 1, wherein engine controls are provided that operate in conjunction with the air injection system to inject air into the exhaust
stream under designated conditions to improve the durability of the selective catalytic reduction catalyst.

US Pat. No. 9,374,562

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CALCULATING A HORIZONTAL CAMERA TO TARGET DISTANCE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A trailer backup assist system comprising:
a camera configured to image a target on a trailer that is aligned with a vehicle; and a controller configured to:
estimate a target to ground measurement based on a draw bar drop measurement obtained by a user;
calculate a first and a second horizontal distance; and
sum the first and the second horizontal distance to calculate a horizontal camera to target distance.

US Pat. No. 9,368,841

BATTERY POWER CAPABILITY ESTIMATION AT VEHICLE START

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a battery; and
at least one controller programmed to, operate the vehicle, for a period of time immediately following vehicle initialization,
according to a battery power capability that is based on battery impedance parameters derived from (i) a weighted function
of selected predetermined impedance parameters and historical impedance parameters, and (ii) a weighting factor that is based
on time data associated with the historical impedance parameters and a temperature of the battery.

US Pat. No. 9,358,851

INDEPENDENT WHEEL SUSPENSION FOR THE NON-DRIVEN WHEELS OF A VEHICLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An independent wheel suspension for the non-driven wheels of a vehicle comprising:
a wheel carrier for rotatably mounting a wheel of the vehicle, the wheel carrier being connected in an articulated manner
to a substantially U-shaped trapezoidal link and at least two second transverse links, wherein the substantially U-shaped
trapezoidal link is configured to be torsionally stiff and comprises a first substantially straight longitudinal edge and
a second longitudinal edge that curves toward the first substantially straight longitudinal edge to form a U-shaped opening
in the U-shaped trapezoidal link, the torsionally stiff trapezoidal link being connected to a vehicle body in an articulated
manner via one of two link bearings on a body side and being connected to the wheel carrier in an articulated manner via two
link bearings on a wheel carrier side; and

a bearing spring configured to extend through the U-shaped opening and below a link plane of the torsionally stiff trapezoidal
link to an extension arm arranged on the wheel carrier and below a wheel center axis, the bearing spring being supported on
the vehicle body and on the wheel carrier,

wherein a first connecting line passing through the link bearings on the body side and a second connecting line passing through
the link bearings on the wheel carrier side at least approximately intersect forward of the wheel carrier in the link plane
of the torsionally stiff trapezoidal link in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,352,694

FOLDING SEAT ASSEMBLY FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A split folding seat assembly for mounting in a motor vehicle comprising a rear floor and a pair of independently foldable
backrests, each backrest having a rear face defining a rear surface area to which a respective luggage compartment cover housing
is attached for stowing a flexible luggage compartment cover, wherein each luggage compartment cover housing extends over
substantially the entire rear surface area of the respective backrest to which the luggage compartment cover housing is attached
to form a substantially flat surface and each luggage cover housing forms a substantially continuous flat surface with a rear
floor when the respective backrest is folded forward.

US Pat. No. 9,321,402

MULTI-FUNCTION AUTOMOTIVE TRUNK STORAGE DRAWER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicular trunk storage drawer comprising:
a housing slidably attached to a frame;
a container selectively engaged with a receptacle defined within the housing when the housing is in an inward position, and
wherein the container is selectively removable from the receptacle when the housing is in an outward position, wherein the
container is selectively secured in the receptacle in the inward and outward positions when a container handle is in a stowed
position, wherein the container includes a plurality of bins, and wherein each of the plurality of bins is alternately and
selectively received by the receptacle, wherein each bin of the plurality of bins fully occupies the receptacle when engaged
with the receptacle, and wherein the frame includes an upper flange configured to secure the frame to an inner surface of
a vehicle trunk; and

a locking mechanism disposed proximate the housing to selectively secure the housing in the inward position within the frame.

US Pat. No. 9,322,340

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR KNOCK CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
responsive to engine knock,
direct injecting a knock control fluid into an engine cylinder from a previously deactivated direct injector; and
adjusting an injection parameter of the direct injection based on a temperature of the knock control fluid at a time of release
from a direct injector.

US Pat. No. 9,322,347

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INCREASING VACUUM GENERATION BY AN ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine, comprising:
injecting fuel to a cylinder of the engine via a port injector or a direct injector in absence of a vacuum request; and
deactivating the port injector and operating the direct injector in presence of the vacuum request.

US Pat. No. 9,302,573

DUCT FOR HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY AIR COOLING EXHAUST AND RECIRCULATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a battery pack having an exhaust port;
a cabin having an inlet;
an air extractor spaced from the port;
a trim panel adjacent the air extractor; and
a recess defined by a vehicle trunk cargo tub and a bumper beam arranged to define a duct spanning from the port to the extractor,
wherein the tub and trim panel are arranged to define a recirculation path from the duct to the inlet.

US Pat. No. 9,283,989

LATERALLY TILTABLE, MULTITRACK VEHICLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A laterally tiltable, multitrack vehicle, comprising:
a vehicle body;
three wheels;
first and second wheels of the three wheels assigned to a common axle to form a first wheel pair;
a first wheel control part suspending the first wheel of the wheel pair from the vehicle body and a second wheel control part
suspending the second wheel of the wheel pair from the vehicle body, the first wheel control part being coupled to the second
wheel control part via a double lever rotatably mounted on the vehicle body,

wherein at least two pivot points for the double lever can be fastened to the vehicle body, the pivot points being spaced
apart in a direction of a longitudinal extent of the double lever.

US Pat. No. 9,283,890

ARTICLE STORAGE ASSEMBLY AND VEHICLE STORAGE CONSOLE INCLUDING THE SAME

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An article storage assembly of a vehicle, comprising:
a storage pocket including an illumination colorant which includes a phosphorescent material; and
an attachment unit for detachably connecting the storage pocket to an interior part of the vehicle such that the storage pocket
is connected to the interior part at a first position and is separate from the interior part at a second position.

US Pat. No. 9,284,922

CONTROLLING THE CLOSING FORCE OF A CANISTER PURGE VALVE PRIOR TO EXECUTING LEAK DIAGNOSTIC

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a vehicle having a fuel vapor canister coupled between a fuel tank and an engine intake manifold via an electronically
controlled purge valve, comprising:
initiating a vapor leak test under predetermined conditions; and
in response to said initiation, opening said purge valve from a closed position to an open position for a predetermined time;
opening and closing a vent valve coupled to said fuel vapor canister during said predetermined time; closing said purge valve
after said predetermined time; fully opening said purge valve for a second predetermined time; and then fully closing said
purge valve before commencing said leak test.

US Pat. No. 9,273,774

THRUST FORCE REACTIONS IN AN AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

13. A system producing force reactions in a transmission, comprising:
a gearset including a ring gear and a sun gear;
a reaction component spaced from the ring and sun gears;
a first path for transmitting a forward force from the ring gear to the reaction component; and
a second path for transmitting a rearward force from the sun gear to the reaction component.

US Pat. No. 9,267,450

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR BINARY FLOW TURBINE CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
adjusting, via a controller, an engine torque actuator including a scroll valve coupled to an inlet of one scroll of a multi-scroll
exhaust turbine and coupled to each cylinder exhaust port of the engine; and

the adjusting including moving the scroll valve towards a closed position in response to an indication of engine deactivation
while the engine still rotates.

US Pat. No. 9,266,190

SOLID CARTRIDGE FOR A PULSE WELD FORMING ELECTRODE AND METHOD OF JOINING TUBULAR MEMBERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A pulse welding forming tool comprising:
a mandrel;
an inner tubular member assembled onto the mandrel;
a clamping ring that includes a plurality of sections movable between an open position and a closed position defining an annular
cavity;

a cartridge including a non-conductive casing and a conductor disposed within the casing and assembled into the cavity;
an outer tubular member engaged by the clamping ring and the cartridge in the closed position; and
a source of stored energy electrically connected to the conductor that is discharged to vaporize the conductor and form a
pulse weld joining the outer tubular and the inner tubular member.

US Pat. No. 9,254,825

REGENERATIVE BRAKING CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle regenerative braking control system, comprising:
at least one controller comprising computer instructions stored in non-transitory memory, the at least one controller configured
to implement friction braking and regenerative braking responsive to input from at least one of a brake pedal switch and a
brake master cylinder pressure sensor as backup inputs causing the at least one controller to implement parallel regenerative
braking and friction braking in the absence of a brake pedal angle input signal from a brake pedal angle sensor, the at least
one controller configured to receive a brake pedal angle sensor signal from the brake pedal angle sensor including through
an initial range of motion of the brake pedal corresponding to traversal of a brake pedal gap, the absence of the brake pedal
angle input signal further causing the at least one controller to implement only friction braking during traversal of the
brake pedal gap, the at least one controller further configured to apply series regenerative braking during traversal of the
brake pedal gap and apply parallel regenerative braking and friction braking following traversal of the brake pedal gap if
the brake pedal angle sensor signal is available.

US Pat. No. 9,257,707

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FUEL CELL STANDBY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus for placing a fuel cell stack in a standby mode, the apparatus comprising:
a compressor operably coupled to an air induction system for providing a cathode stream;
a fuel cell stack for receiving the cathode stream to provide electrical power to a load; a cathode valve operably coupled
to an outlet of the fuel cell stack for controlling a flow of the cathode stream to the fuel cell stack; and

a controller configured to:
receive a power request amount for the load;
compare the power request amount to a predetermined amount; and
control the compressor to operate at a minimum speed and the cathode valve to close in response to determining that the power
request amount is similar to the predetermined amount,

wherein the fuel cell stack operates in the standby mode when the controller determines that the power request amount is similar
to the predetermined amount;

wherein the fuel cell stack includes a plurality of fuel cells that are capable of operating above a predetermined voltage
level when the fuel cell stack is in the standby mode, and

wherein the cathode valve is configured to generate a leaked cathode stream in response to being controlled to close.

US Pat. No. 9,243,591

FUEL SYSTEM DIAGNOSTICS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a vehicle fuel system, comprising:
during a fuel system leak test, and in response to unintended temporary closing of a mechanical valve coupled to a fuel tank,
not completing the fuel system leak test.

US Pat. No. 9,243,600

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING AUTOMATIC ENGINE STOPPING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine of a vehicle, comprising:
automatically stopping an engine in response to one or more vehicle operating conditions meeting engine stopping criteria;
and

adjusting the engine stopping criteria in response to engine stopping conditions being evaluated via one or more cost functions,
including increasing an engine idle time after a vehicle stop if a driver exhibits a characteristic of releasing vehicle brakes
after stopping to allow the vehicle to creep.

US Pat. No. 9,242,581

AUTOMATIC PRESENTABLE SWIVELING SEAT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An automobile seat, comprising:
a cushion;
a back coupled with the cushion; and
a mounting unit, comprising:
a mounting track;
an actuator having a housing slidably coupled with the mounting track and a piston coupled with the cushion and automatically
extendable from the housing along an axis to move the cushion toward and away from the mounting track and automatically rotatable
about the axis to rotate the cushion relative to the mounting track.

US Pat. No. 9,243,550

TURBOCHARGER COMPRESSOR INLET FLOW CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

8. A method for controlling a compressor inlet flow of a compression system in an internal combustion engine, comprising:
during engine operation and in response to an engine operating condition, adjusting an amount of air flow flowing from a high
pressure source to an inlet upstream of a compressor wheel via a compressor bypass valve disposed in a conduit coupled to
the high pressure source and the inlet, where the conduit is obliquely coupled to the inlet, wherein the conduit is coupled
to the inlet at an angle from a central axis of the compressor wheel that is larger than an angle of a compressor blade of
the compressor wheel from the central axis of the compressor wheel.

US Pat. No. 9,246,148

SERVICE PANEL FOR ACCESSING A SERVICEABLE PART

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A battery assembly, comprising:
an enclosure assembly defining an interior; and
a service panel integrally formed in said enclosure assembly, wherein said service panel includes a ductile portion that is
removable to access said interior, said ductile portion circumscribing a perimeter of a body of said service panel.

US Pat. No. 9,228,557

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EXPEDITING ENGINE WARM-UP

Ford Global Technologies,...

15. An engine system, comprising:
an engine intake manifold;
an intake throttle;
a crankcase;
a temperature sensor coupled to the crankcase for estimating a temperature of air received at a crankcase inlet;
compressor;
an exhaust manifold having a double wall exterior defining an interstitial space;
a first conduit configured to draw air from the intake manifold, downstream of the compressor and upstream of the intake throttle,
and deliver the air, upon passage through the interstitial space to the crankcase, wherein said first conduit is a tube;

a second conduit configured to deliver crankcase vapors from the crankcase to the intake manifold, downstream of the intake
throttle; and

a controller configured with computer readable instructions stored on non-transitory memory to:
draw intake air into the interstitial space from upstream of the intake throttle via the first conduit;
heat the drawn intake air upon passage through the interstitial space;
direct the heated air to the crankcase via the first conduit;
direct crankcase vapors drawn from the crankcase using the heated air to the intake manifold, downstream of the throttle,
via the second conduit; and

indicate tube dislocation based on a temperature of the heated air entering the crankcase being lower than an expected crankcase
temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,228,486

METHOD AND SYSTEMS FOR REDUCING CHARGE AIR COOLER CONDENSATE USING A SECONDARY INTAKE THROTTLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

19. A system for an engine, comprising:
an intake passage;
a turbocharger including a compressor positioned in the intake passage;
a primary throttle positioned in an intake manifold of the engine;
a charge air cooler positioned upstream of the primary throttle;
a secondary throttle positioned in the intake passage, downstream of the compressor, and upstream of the charge air cooler;
and

a controller with computer readable executable instructions stored on a non-transitory medium for determining a level of condensate
in the charge air cooler and adjusting a degree of opening of the secondary throttle by adjusting a position of a throttle
plate of the secondary throttle via electronic throttle control responsive to the level of condensate in the charge air cooler.

US Pat. No. 9,222,426

TRANSIENT AIR FLOW CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for controlling air flow into a cylinder of an engine, comprising:
if a previous cylinder air flow is different than a desired cylinder air flow, adjusting flow into an intake manifold between
a throttle and an EGR valve to provide the desired cylinder air flow while maintaining a constant desired EGR amount in the
cylinder, and where the desired cylinder air flow is adjusted via the previous cylinder air flow and a filter constant divided
by a previous filter constant.

US Pat. No. 9,221,418

HINGED MOUNTING SYSTEM FOR AIRBAG MODULE HAVING DEPLOYABLE LOCK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A safety system for a vehicle, the vehicle having a windscreen and an instrument panel, the system comprising:
an airbag module having an airbag passageway;
a support bracket for said module;
a pivotable arm attaching said module to said bracket, said arm allowing said module to be moved from its operational position
in which said passageway is adjacent the instrument panel to a stowed position;

a lock for locking said arm in said operational position.
US Pat. No. 9,217,066

STRUCTURAL POLYMER INSERT AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A structural polymer insert comprising:
a substrate including polypropylene and glass fibers, the glass fibers forming about 30 weight percent of a total weight of
the substrate and having a mean fiber length of about 3 millimeters, the substrate having an air plasma treated surface portion
including a plurality of exposed glass fibers, silicon atoms of up to 5 atomic percent and oxygen atoms of 10 to 50 atomic
percent of the total atoms present on the surface portion; and

an expandable foam adhesive chemically bonded to the surface portion to form a plurality of chemical bonds between the expandable
foam adhesive and the surface portion and mechanically bonded to the plurality of exposed glass fibers to form a plurality
of mechanical bonds between the expandable foam adhesive and the plurality of exposed glass fibers.

US Pat. No. 9,205,795

DEPLOYABLE INSTRUMENT PANEL TRIM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A device, comprising:
a panel trim that is fittable to a vehicle instrument panel and that includes a first arm spaced opposite from a second arm,
and a connecting arm connecting the first and second arms; and

a flexible sheet attached to each of at least a portion of the panel trim and at least a portion of an edge of the instrument
panel.

US Pat. No. 9,205,844

DRIVER DROWSINESS DETECTION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising a computer in a vehicle, the computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the computer is
configured to:
collect data related to a yaw-rate of the vehicle during a period of time;
compute, based in part on the yaw-rate data, an actual trajectory and an ideal trajectory for the vehicle in the period of
time;

determine a deviation of a yaw-rate associated with the actual trajectory from a yaw-rate associated with the ideal trajectory;
calculate a variance of the deviation; and
provide an indication of a dangerous driving condition if the variance exceeds a predetermined variance threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,209,630

ACTIVE BATTERY CELL BALANCING METHODS WITH VARIABLE DURATION DISCHARGE

Ford Global Technologies,...

8. A system for balancing cells of a vehicle battery having a highest charged cell, a lowest charged cell, and one or more
intermediate charged cells, the system comprising:
a transformer arrangement configured to discharge charge from any of the cells and to charge the cells with the discharged
charge; and

a controller configured to control the transformer arrangement to discharge charge from the highest charged cell without charging
any of the cells for a discharge time period until the highest charged cell becomes the lowest charged cell whereby at least
one of the intermediate charged cells becomes the highest charged cell.

US Pat. No. 9,197,078

BATTERY PARAMETER ESTIMATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a battery pack; and
at least one controller programmed to
implement a model of the battery pack having parameters (i) representing an internal resistance and charge transfer impedance
of the battery pack and (ii) identified from an extended Kalman filter having an augmented state vector at least partially
defined by a time constant associated with the charge transfer impedance and a variable representing a quotient of a proportionality
between the internal resistance and a resistance term of the charge transfer impedance to reduce observed variability of the
parameters; and

control the battery pack in accordance with the parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,188,057

TURBOCHARGER SYSTEM HAVING AN AIR-COOLED WASTEGATE ACTUATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A turbocharger system, comprising:
a turbine positioned downstream of a combustion chamber;
a turbine bypass conduit in fluidic communication with a turbine inlet and a turbine outlet;
a wastegate positioned in the turbine bypass conduit;
an air-cooled wastegate actuator located in a branch intake conduit in parallel fluidic communication with an intake conduit
positioned upstream of a compressor mechanically coupled to the turbine; and

the air-cooled wastegate actuator adjusting a position of the wastegate, the air-cooled wastegate actuator receiving cooling
airflow via the branch intake conduit from the intake conduit at an upstream location and flowing cooling air back into the
intake conduit at a downstream location.

US Pat. No. 9,189,879

EMOTIVE ENGINE AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A SIMULATED EMOTION FOR AN INFORMATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An emotive engine for an information system of a vehicle, the engine comprising:
a computer configured to
receive input representing at least one of audio and visual characteristics of a user,
generate data representing an emotional state of the user based on the input representing the at least one of audio and visual
characteristics of the user including analyzing at least one of a prosody, syntax and lexicon associated with the input representing
the audio characteristics of the user,

receive input representing an operating parameter of the vehicle;
generate data representing a simulated emotion to be expressed by an avatar based on at least one of the data representing
the emotional state of the user and the input representing the operating parameter of the vehicle,

output the data representing the simulated emotion to be expressed by the avatar for display by an output, and
generate data representing a query to the user regarding the user's emotional state.

US Pat. No. 9,175,640

LIQUID PHASE INJECTION TIP ICING PREVENTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A fuel injector assembly comprising:
an insulated delivery conduit fluidically communicating with a fuel tank;
a conductive enclosure at least partially surrounding the conduit; and
a seal positioned adjacent to an inlet of the insulated delivery conduit and between the conduit, the conductive enclosure
and a fuel injector outlet exerting axial and radial forces against an exterior surface of the conduit and an interior surface
of the conductive enclosure and the fuel injector outlet, the seal tapering in a downstream direction and an upstream direction,
and the seal extending in an axial upstream direction past the inlet of the insulated delivery conduit when uncompressed,
and the seal not extending in the axial upstream direction past the inlet when compressed.

US Pat. No. 9,175,642

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AN INTAKE HUMIDITY SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
in response to opening of a compressor bypass valve while EGR is enabled,
adjusting an engine operating parameter based on an output of an intake humidity sensor read before the opening of the bypass
valve;

wherein adjusting based on an output of the sensor read before the opening includes adjusting based on an output of the sensor
read immediately before the opening of the bypass valve; and

continuing to adjust the engine operating parameter based on the output of the sensor read immediately before the opening
of the bypass valve until the compressor bypass valve is closed and a threshold duration since the closing of the compressor
bypass valve has elapsed.

US Pat. No. 9,175,625

APPROACH FOR ENGINE CONTROL AND DIAGNOSTICS

Ford Global Technologies,...

11. A method for an engine including a catalyst, comprising:
determining, via a controller, catalyst activity based on an error between predicted exhaust gas sensor output and measured
exhaust gas sensor output;

applying, via the controller, the catalyst activity and a plurality of inlet exhaust species concentrations to a catalyst
model including a set of axially-averaged mass balances and energy balances of a fluid phase and washcoat of the catalyst
to determine a total oxygen storage capacity and fractional oxidation state of the catalyst;

maintaining, via the controller, a desired air-fuel ratio based on the total oxygen storage capacity and fractional oxidation
state of the catalyst, as well as based on separate feedback from a downstream air-fuel ratio sensor provided in parallel
with the fractional oxidation state; and

indicating, via the controller, catalyst degradation if the catalyst activity or the total oxygen storage capacity is less
than a threshold; and

adjusting, via the controller and an actuator, fuel injection via a first controller based on feedback from an upstream air-fuel
ratio sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,175,626

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE VACUUM PRODUCTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine operating method, comprising:
closing air sources, including a throttle, to an engine intake manifold and deactivating one or more engine cylinders in response
to a vacuum level;

evacuating air from an air source supplying air to the engine intake manifold that is not closed; and
opening at least one of the closed air sources in response to engine combustion stability degrading below a threshold level.

US Pat. No. 9,162,657

AUTOMOTIVE BRAKING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An automotive braking system comprising:
a windshield wiper system;
a traction wheel;
a non-friction brake system configured to apply a braking force to the traction wheel; and
one or more controllers (i) operatively connected with the windshield wiper system, and (ii) configured to, in response to
a braking request, command the non-friction brake system to apply the braking force to the traction wheel at a magnitude that
depends on an activation state of the windshield wiper system such that wheel bump-activation harshness is reduced during
wet conditions.

US Pat. No. 9,162,664

VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRIC MACHINE AND/OR ENGINE THEREIN

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An automotive vehicle comprising:
an engine and not more than one electric machine each configured to generate power to move the vehicle; and
a controller configured to cause the electric machine to operate, while the engine is off, such that power supplied by the
electric machine to satisfy a wheel power demand is less than the wheel power demand in response to a total power demand falling
within a target range of values.

US Pat. No. 9,163,721

PILOT DOWNSHIFTING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for controlling an engine, comprising:
boosting intake air through a compressor of a turbocharger;
direct injecting fuel into a cylinder of the engine; and
in response to airflow through a charge air cooler and a request to downshift a transmission gear from a higher gear to a
lower gear, shifting the transmission gear from the higher gear, to an intermediate gear, and then to the lower gear, where
the transmission transiently operates at the intermediate gear and engine torque is adjusted at the intermediate gear when
an engine throttle is not fully open.

US Pat. No. 9,163,543

EXHAUST AIR INJECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine method, comprising:
operating the engine with lean combustion; and
responsive to an engine exhaust oxygen concentration below a threshold, injecting air into an engine exhaust passage between
a three-way catalyst and an SCR device, and

responsive to the exhaust oxygen concentration above the threshold, blocking injecting air into the engine exhaust passage.

US Pat. No. 9,156,472

ECONOMIC CRUISE CONTROL

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method of operating a vehicle having first and second cruise control modes in which requested acceleration to a target
speed is greater in the first mode than in the second mode, the method comprising:
commanding, by a controller, a transition to the first cruise control mode in response to vehicle acceleration being less
than a predetermined threshold for a predetermined period of time during an acceleration request while in the second cruise
control mode.

US Pat. No. 9,151,263

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPPORTUNISTICALLY AUTOMATICALLY STOPPING AN ENGINE OF A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a vehicle carried out by an electronic controller, comprising:
inhibiting automatic stopping of an engine of a vehicle in response to traffic conditions received from an on-board camera;
and automatically stopping the engine in response to operating conditions other than from the on-board camera, the on-board
camera providing data representing a shape of a non-transitory traffic sign, automatic stopping of the engine inhibited in
response to the shape.

US Pat. No. 9,151,214

ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a boosted engine, comprising:
purging condensate from a charge air cooler to an intake manifold; and
adjusting spark timing based on an amount of condensate purged.

US Pat. No. 9,145,176

VEHICLE BOX REINFORCING BRACE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A pickup truck comprising:
a frame including a pair of longitudinal rails;
a box including a bed supported by the rails and a pair of opposing sidewalls connected to the bed outboard of the rails,
wherein the bed includes a rear sill defining a lower-rear end of the bed; and

a pair of braces, each attached between respective rails and the rear sill at a location outboard the rails.

US Pat. No. 9,145,864

STOP/START VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE OF SAME

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine; and
a stop/start system configured to issue auto stop commands and auto start commands, wherein the engine is auto stopped in
response to the auto stop commands and auto started in response to the auto start commands and wherein the stop/start system
selectively prevents an auto stop of the engine within a stop zone around a known stop location based on a speed of the vehicle
being less than a threshold speed and a predicted stop duration for the known stop location being less than a threshold duration,
wherein a size of the stop zone is based on the threshold speed.

US Pat. No. 9,140,176

COOLANT CIRCUIT WITH HEAD AND BLOCK COOLANT JACKETS CONNECTED IN SERIES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
flowing coolant from a pump to an inlet side of a cylinder head coolant jacket with <5% flowing to a turbocharger in a parallel
line, where the cylinder head coolant jacket is connected in series with an inlet side of a block coolant jacket;

flowing coolant from the cylinder head coolant jacket to an outlet housing and a control element;
flowing a first coolant portion from the outlet housing through a block line to the inlet side of the block coolant jacket
and then to the control element via a block return line such that coolant is directed in a same flow direction as the cylinder
head coolant jacket; and

adjusting a magnitude of the first coolant portion based on an engine temperature via a block shut off valve.

US Pat. No. 9,139,197

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DRIVELINE SAILING MODE ENTRY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A driveline operating method, comprising:
operating an engine and providing engine torque to a driveline propelling a vehicle via a torque converter in response to
a desired torque being greater than a threshold driveline integrated starter/generator torque; and

operating the engine, opening a driveline clutch, and not providing engine torque to the driveline in response to the desired
torque being less than the threshold driveline integrated starter/generator torque and greater than a threshold engine cranking
torque.

US Pat. No. 9,125,020

ROAD TRIP VEHICLE TO VEHICLE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
obtaining road trip information related to a first vehicle of a plurality of vehicles of a road trip;
uploading the road trip information to a server external to the vehicles for downloading by the vehicles; and
uploading invitation information to the server related to a road trip participant not yet part of the road trip to inform
the participant where to meet one of the vehicles to join the road trip.

US Pat. No. 9,121,787

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DIAGNOSING A VACUUM SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for diagnosing a vacuum system, comprising:
applying a vacuum to a vacuum reservoir, the vacuum reservoir in pneumatic communication with a wastegate;
providing an indication of vacuum system degradation in response to a decrease in vacuum in a pneumatic passage extending
between an electric vacuum regulator and the wastegate; and

setting a flag responsive to the indication of vacuum system degradation.

US Pat. No. 9,123,944

BATTERY COVER ASSEMBLY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

15. A method to assemble a battery, the method comprising:
arranging a plurality of bricks each containing a plurality of cells in an array, the bricks having indexing tabs extending
outwardly with the indexing tabs forming a channel when arranged in the array; and

placing a cover over a first side of the array such that a groove formed in the cover engages into the channel of the indexing
tabs.

US Pat. No. 9,114,806

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING BATTERY POWER BASED ON PREDICTED BATTERY ENERGY USAGE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A hybrid vehicle comprising:
an engine;
a battery; and
a controller configured to control battery power based on a current battery state of charge and a predicted battery energy
usage associated with operation of the engine at system efficient engine power during a future time window, wherein the controller
is further configured to operate the battery at a system efficient battery power when the current battery state of charge
is less than an associated threshold and the system efficient battery power is less than zero.

US Pat. No. 9,103,436

BACKUP SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION RANGE SHIFTING

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. Apparatus for a vehicle having an electronically-shifted transmission, comprising:
a main electrical supply including a battery providing a main voltage;
a shift actuator receiving the main voltage and configured to mechanically couple to the transmission to execute shift events
between a plurality of shift positions including a park position and a neutral position;

a human-powered generator converting a manually-imparted motion to an electrical output; and
a storage device receiving the electrical output to store a power reserve to apply to the shift actuator to execute an emergency
shift event in the absence of main power in response to a manual command;

wherein the generator and storage device are configured such that a maximum power reserve stored from the generator can achieve
only one emergency shift event at a time.

US Pat. No. 9,096,157

SEATING ASSEMBLY WITH AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

7. A vehicle seatback assembly comprising:
a permeable passenger support coupled with a suspension component;
a shell enclosing a rear surface of the passenger support to define an intake chamber in an upper portion of the seatback
assembly;

a hard back panel disposed over and covering a rear portion of the shell; and
an exhaust chamber having a channel extending upwardly to the intake chamber, wherein the exhaust chamber draws air from a
front surface of the passenger support.

US Pat. No. 9,079,619

VEHICLE FRAME COMPONENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus for limiting movement of a front wheel of a vehicle during an offset frontal impact, the apparatus comprising:
a vehicle frame rail;
a front blocker extending from the vehicle frame rail and configured to impact the wheel during the offset frontal impact;
and

a cab mount bracket supported on the front blocker for mounting a cab of the vehicle on the front blocker;
the front blocker including a base member fixed to the vehicle frame rail with the cab mount bracket being fixed to the base
member;

the front blocker including an extension member fixed to the base member, the extension member having a varying sized cross-section.

US Pat. No. 9,079,537

AUTOMOTIVE SIDE VIEW MIRROR ATTACHMENT ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An external mirror mounting assembly for a vehicle, comprising:
an outer shell including a vehicle attachment portion and a mirror retaining bracket portion disposed in a substantially L-shaped
configuration, each portion having one or more connectors;

a metal reinforcement element at least partially covered by the shell, the reinforcement element including one or more connecting
sites having apertures with conical shaped connecting surfaces; and

wherein the one or more connectors provide form closures surrounding the connecting surfaces of the connecting sites, and
further wherein the one or more connectors of the vehicle attachment portion include integrally formed protrusions comprised
of polymeric material which are disposed through and fill the apertures disposed on the metal reinforcement element.

US Pat. No. 9,074,953

SENSOR PACKAGING AT OUTPUT SIDE OF FRONT WHEEL DRIVE (FWD) TRANSMISSIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission comprising:
a final planetary drive, for driving an output shaft, having a ring gear with a radial plate connected thereto, the radial
plate extending radially from the ring gear away from the output shaft with at least a portion of the radial plate extending
radially past the ring gear, the portion of the radial plate extending radially past the ring gear including a magnetized
region;

a fixed housing part;
a magnetic torque sensor mounted to a portion of the housing part facing the magnetized region to sense the magnetized region
and thereby detect torque on the ring gear;

a stator assembly; and
a pump housing, wherein the pump housing and the stator assembly are interconnected;
wherein wiring of the sensor is routed from the sensor into a cavity between the stator assembly, the pump housing, and the
housing part.

US Pat. No. 9,067,486

AIR COOLING SYSTEM FOR HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY CELL ARRAYS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a tray;
first and second cell stacks cooperating with the tray to define passageways configured to direct air underneath the first
stack to the second stack;

a converter supported by the tray;
a cover housing the stacks and converter, and defining cell ports and a converter port; and
a pair of ducts, one of the ducts being in fluid communication with the converter port and one of the cell ports.

US Pat. No. 9,062,782

HYDRAULIC GAIN OF TRANSMISSION CONTROL ELEMENTS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system for controlling hydraulic gain, comprising:
first and second control elements;
a source of line pressure;
a source of signal pressure;
a first control valve that controls communication between line pressure and the first control element, including a first differential
area communicating with pressure supplied to the first control element, and a second differential area;

a second control valve that controls communication between line pressure and the second control element, including a third
differential area communicating with pressure supplied to the second control element, and a fourth differential area;

a gain control valve responsive to signal pressure for opening and closing communication between pressure supplied to the
first control element and the second differential area, and for opening and closing communication between pressure supplied
to the second control element and the fourth differential area.

US Pat. No. 9,061,244

SYSTEM FOR REDUCING NOX IN EXHAUST

Ford Global Technologies,...

7. A method for controlling a vehicle engine exhaust, comprising:
with a vehicle controller, increasing an amount of ammoniagenic reducing agent added to a zeolite catalyst NOx reducing system
in the exhaust at a first lower rate at a first lower temperature range, and increasing the amount at a second higher rate
at a second higher temperature range, wherein a molar ratio of a first, iron-exchanged zeolite catalyst to a second, copper-exchanged
zeolite catalyst is 1:2.

US Pat. No. 9,056,550

VEHICLE SPEED LIMITING AND/OR CONTROLLING SYSTEM THAT IS RESPONSIVE TO GPS SIGNALS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising:
a GPS receiver that generates a signal that is representative of a posted speed limit where a vehicle is located at a point
in time when the vehicle is being operated;

a device that generates a signal that is representative of an actual speed of the vehicle at the point in time; and
a controller that is responsive to the GPS receiver signal and the actual speed signal for either (1) generating an alarm
or (2) limiting or otherwise controlling the speed of the vehicle when the actual speed of the vehicle is greater than the
posted speed limit, wherein the system includes either:

a device that generates a signal that is representative of a single predetermined maximum speed for the vehicle which the
vehicle is prevented from exceeding at the point in time, and wherein the controller (1) generates the alarm or (2) limits
or otherwise controls the speed of the vehicle when the actual speed of the vehicle is greater than the lesser of the posted
speed limit and the single predetermined maximum speed; or

a device that generates a signal that is representative of a predetermined differential speed variance from the single predetermined
maximum speed, and wherein the controller (1) generates the alarm when the actual speed of the vehicle is greater than the
posted speed limit less the single predetermined differential speed variance and (2) limits or otherwise controls the speed
of the vehicle when the actual speed of the vehicle is greater than the posted speed limit.

US Pat. No. 9,056,606

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A STOP/START SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for controlling a stop/start system for an engine in a vehicle, comprising:
auto starting the engine in response to a transmission gear lever being shifted out of DRIVE and into another gear and a vehicle
brake being released within a predetermined time interval after the gear lever is shifted into the another gear when the engine
has been auto stopped with the gear lever in DRIVE.

US Pat. No. 9,050,967

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A STOP/START ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine, comprising:
inhibiting automatic engine stopping in response to a secondary application of vehicle brakes following an initial application
of vehicle brakes, the secondary application of vehicle brakes occurring after the initial application of vehicle brakes and
without vehicle brakes being fully released.

US Pat. No. 9,045,063

ARTICULATING SEAT BOLSTERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly for a vehicle comprising:
a seat back and a seat; and
bolsters extending laterally from one of the seat back and the seat and including:
a static projection;
a cushion;
a dynamic projection disposed between the static projection and the cushion, the dynamic projection being pivotally coupled
to the static projection and to one of the seat back and the seat by a hinge assembly;

an articulation feature disposed between the dynamic projection and the static projection and operable between articulated
and unarticulated conditions; and

a user control operably coupled to the articulation feature and operational to move the articulation feature between the articulated
and unarticulated conditions, which consequently moves the dynamic projection away from and toward the static projection,
respectively, thereby adjusting an angle of the cushion relative to one of the seat back and the seat.

US Pat. No. 10,314,207

POWER MODULE ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE POWER INVERTER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A power-module assembly comprising:plates, each defining pockets, arranged in a stack such that the pockets cooperate to define coolant chambers interleaved with the plates; and
cards including a power module encased in a frame having an outward projecting spacer, wherein each card is disposed in a corresponding one of the chambers with the spacer contacting a wall of the corresponding chamber to form a coolant passage between the wall and the card.

US Pat. No. 10,137,906

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERSISTENT TRANSFERRABLE CUSTOMIZABLE VEHICLE SETTINGS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a mobile-device processor configured to:
present a stored list of vehicle configurable system settings on a display remote from a vehicle;
receive user input adjusting at least one of the configurable system settings;
save the adjusted at least one configurable system setting; and
upload the adjusted at least one configurable system setting to a remote user account.

US Pat. No. 10,099,647

AIRBAG ASSEMBLY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An instrument-panel assembly comprising:an instrument panel extending along a longitudinal axis; and
an airbag supported by the instrument panel and inflatable from an undeployed position to a deployed position, the airbag including
a side extending in a direction transverse to the longitudinal axis, the side having a plurality of folds when the airbag is in the deployed position; and
a tether attached to the side;
wherein the tether extends across the plurality of folds.

US Pat. No. 10,086,718

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A BATTERY PACK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for operating a battery pack of a vehicle, comprising:a battery pack including a temperature sensor; and
a controller including non-transitory instructions for determining a currently sensed battery pack temperature based on output of the temperature sensor, determining a battery pack fan speed based on output of a sensor sensing fan speed, determining an estimated battery pack temperature based on the battery pack fan speed and not based on the currently sensed battery pack temperature, adjusting battery pack output power in response to a comparison of the estimated battery pack temperature and the currently sensed battery pack temperature, and indicating battery pack degradation in response to the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,088,021

CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A variator comprising:a first plate supported to rotate about a first axis;
a second plate constrained to rotate about the first axis at a same speed in an opposite direction as the first plate;
a first roller frictionally engaging the first and second plates and supported to rotate about a second axis perpendicular to the first axis, the first roller moveable along the second axis;
a first bevel gear driveably connected to the first roller; and
a second bevel gear supported to rotate about the first axis and in continuous meshing engagement with the first bevel gear.

US Pat. No. 10,086,837

VIRTUAL STEERABLE PATH

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method, comprising:determining a virtual steerable path polynomial including a lane change maneuver;
then updating the virtual steerable path polynomial to pilot the vehicle for the lane change maneuver;
piloting the vehicle based on the updated virtual steerable path polynomial;
then canceling the lane change maneuver;
further updating, by inverting portions of, the virtual steerable path polynomial; and
piloting the vehicle based on the further updated virtual steerable path polynomial.

US Pat. No. 10,087,891

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ON-BOARD DATA PROCESSING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a vehicle including an engine, comprising:fitting a function to one or more segments of a diagnostic dataset for an engine component on-board the vehicle, including selecting a first set of curves and fitting the first set of curves to the one or more segments; and
transferring parameters of the function, and not the one or more segments of the dataset, to an off-board location, including in response to a curve fit coefficient for the first set of curves being higher than a threshold, transferring the curve fit coefficient for the first set of curves to the off-board location.

US Pat. No. 10,059,281

HANDLE DEVICE AND A TRUNK CARPET ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A handle device, comprising:a housing,
a handle unit including a base portion and a handle portion, wherein the base portion includes a first track and is pivotably connected to the housing and the handle portion includes a slider movable along the first track; and
a retractable first locking unit connected to a first side portion of the housing;
wherein the retractable first locking unit is positioned at least partially within the first track in a locking position and is positioned outside of the first track in an unlocking position.

US Pat. No. 10,053,094

ANALYTIC DESIGN OF PEDAL OVERRIDE FOR ADJUSTABLE SPEED LIMITING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for overriding a vehicle speed limit setting via accelerator pedal override, comprising:a vehicle including:
an accelerator pedal;
a memory to store a fixed pedal override margin; and
a processor in communication with the pedal and the memory and configured to:
determine an override threshold using the speed limit setting and the fixed pedal override margin; and
enter an override mode when a position of the pedal exceeds the override threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,055,917

USER PROXIMITY DETECTION FOR ACTIVATING VEHICLE CONVENIENCE FUNCTIONS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method controlling a vehicle welcoming function not including door unlocking, comprising:broadcasting a polling signal from a short range transmitter in the vehicle covering an approach region using a baseline repetition rate having a first power drain;
detecting user activity outside the approach region via a cellular telephone system coarsely indicative of proximity to the approach region, wherein the detected user activity corresponds to a potential entry into the approach region;
increasing a rate of the polling signal from the short range transmitter to an approach-pending repetition rate in response to the detection of the user activity, wherein the approach-pending repetition rate has a second power drain higher than the first power drain;
receiving a response to the polling signal from a user-carried short range wireless device located within the approach region; and
activating the welcoming function when the response is valid.

US Pat. No. 10,046,637

IN-VEHICLE COMPONENT CONTROL USER INTERFACE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a personal device including
a display; and
a processor, programmed to
send, to the display, a vehicle interior map overlaid with indications of in-vehicle components,
create a group of the in-vehicle components responsive to a gesture to the display selecting a subset of the indications,
receive input from the display of a location on the map, and
aim outputs of the in-vehicle components of the group based on the location.

US Pat. No. 10,041,449

EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS TESTING USING INDUCTIVE HEATING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:charging a battery of a hybrid electric vehicle by coupling a magnetic field between a primary coil external to the vehicle and a secondary coil onboard the vehicle;
coupling the magnetic field between the primary coil and a fuel tank, the fuel tank being a ferrous fuel tank or a ferrous member being coupled to the fuel tank;
comparing pressure in a fuel system and/or an emission system coupled to the fuel tank to a reference pressure during a portion of the charging to indicate a presence or an absence of undesired vapor emissions in the fuel system and/or the emission system; and
decoupling the magnetic field from the fuel tank via shielding the fuel tank with a ferrous shield in response to the presence of undesired vapor emissions.

US Pat. No. 10,030,626

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A STOP-START VEHICLE AFTER JUMP START OR BATTERY REPLACEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of controlling a stop-start vehicle comprising:in response to a power-reset event, inhibiting an engine auto-stop function until a subsequent successful key start event; and
in response to the successful key start event subsequent the power-reset event, ceasing the inhibiting of the engine auto-stop function.

US Pat. No. 10,029,621

REAR VIEW CAMERA SYSTEM USING REAR VIEW MIRROR LOCATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A rearward viewing system for an automotive vehicle, comprising:an image display mounted for viewing by a driver;
an exterior image sensor for capturing a first image directed externally of the vehicle with a first field of view;
an internal image sensor for capturing a second image directed internally of the vehicle with a second field of view, wherein the first and second fields of view at least partially overlap; and
an image integrator merging the first and second images according to a predetermined alignment to join the first and second fields of view into a same reference frame, wherein the second image is muted in the merged image to see through the second image to the first image, so that the first image is emphasized when displayed on the image display.

US Pat. No. 9,994,125

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE SEAT MONITORING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a seat;
a first sensor coupled to the seat for detecting a seat angle;
a processor communicatively coupled to the first sensor and the seat, and configured to output a control signal for correcting the seat angle if the seat angle is not within a predetermined range of values; and
a gear selector communicatively coupled to the processor, wherein the control signal deactivates the gear selector.

US Pat. No. 9,969,279

VEHICLE CHARGEPORT CLOSURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A two-part closure for a combo chargeport for use on an electric vehicle and comprising:an inner part including a dust cover for the DC chargeport; and
an outer part configured to cover the AC chargeport, wherein the inner and outer parts are hingeably attached to the vehicle such that the closure can be opened by a user with a single action.

US Pat. No. 9,914,449

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING EFFICIENCY OF A HYBRID VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

13. The method of claim 7, further comprising shifting a transmission responsive to a first shift schedule when not operating the vehicle in cruise
control mode and shifting the transmission responsive to a second shift schedule when operating the vehicle in cruise control
mode.

US Pat. No. 9,856,805

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INFERRING FUEL VAPOR CANISTER LOADING RATE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
indicating a fuel vapor canister load based on a steady-state fuel vapor circulation rate and inferring vapor recovery line
restrictions and canister vent pathway restrictions in a vapor recovery line during a refueling event; and

adjusting a canister purging operation in response to the indicated fuel vapor canister load.

US Pat. No. 9,810,273

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR APPLYING A DRIVELINE DISCONNECT CLUTCH

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A driveline method, comprising:
in response to an engine start request, increasing driveline disconnect clutch working fluid pressure to a start of a closing
pressure responsive to an available amount of torque of a driveline integrated starter/generator (DISG), the available amount
of torque of the DISG being a maximum DISG torque at a present DISG speed and temperature minus a present DISG output torque;
and

increasing driveline disconnect clutch working fluid pressure from the start of closing pressure at a first rate in response
to a first rate of change of an accelerator pedal, and increasing driveline disconnect clutch working fluid pressure from
the start of closing pressure at a second rate in response to a second rate of change of the accelerator pedal.

US Pat. No. 9,809,255

VEHICLE UNDERBODY STRUCTURE FOR MULTIPLE LOAD PATHS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle underbody structure comprising:
a bumper;
a subframe; and
a frame interconnecting the bumper and the subframe at front and rear segments, the frame having a first half separated at
a distance from a second half mirrored about a longitudinal axis, the first and second halves defining an area between at
least five legs connected to the front and rear segments at first and second apexes of at least two of the five legs.

US Pat. No. 9,809,256

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle front end comprising:
two hinge pillars each disposed on opposite sides of the vehicle; and
a pair of one-piece hydroformed tubes each including a forwardly extending portion attached to one of the pillars, and a transversely
extending portion terminating at a distal end, wherein the distal ends are attached to each other by only a single joint located
in a central region of the front end.

US Pat. No. 9,810,110

VALVE LIFT CONTROL DEVICE WITH CYLINDER DEACTIVATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
adjusting a valve lift of a valve coupled to a cylinder via an adjusting camshaft on a first side of an activation lever and
a camshaft on a second side of the activation lever, the adjusting camshaft comprising radially offset cams such that the
valve lift of the valve of the cylinder is individually adjusted based on an engine load, the activation lever including an
end in face-sharing contact with a second lever coupled to a valve stem of the valve;

wherein rotating the adjusting camshaft in a first direction increases an angular position of the activation lever and rotating
the adjusting camshaft in a second direction decreases the angular position of the activation lever;

wherein the second direction is opposite the first direction; and
wherein rotating the adjusting camshaft in the second direction includes rotating the adjusting camshaft into a zero-lift
position to deactivate the valve.

US Pat. No. 9,810,134

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

19. A method of cooling an engine comprising:
providing coolant from a pump to an inlet passage of a cooling system formed within an engine block, the cooling system having
an inlet passage fluidly connected to (i) a fluid jacket circumferentially surrounding a plurality of cylinders and (ii) an
open feed channel intersecting a block deck face and having a first end fluidly connected to the inlet passage adjacent to
a first end of the block and a second end adjacent to a second opposed end of the block, the feed channel positioned between
the fluid jacket and a first side of the block;

splitting a first portion of the coolant in the inlet passage to the fluid jacket;
directing a second portion of the coolant in the inlet passage to the open feed channel;
metering the second portion of the coolant from the feed channel through a series of apertures in a head gasket and to at
least one inlet port in a cylinder head deck face;

flowing the second portion of the coolant from the at least one inlet port in the cylinder head across the plurality of cylinders
in the head to at least one outlet port in the cylinder head deck face, the second portion of the coolant in a parallel flow
circuit with the first portion of the coolant in the fluid jacket of the block;

directing the second portion of the coolant from the at least one outlet port in the head to a return channel formed in the
block, the return channel intersecting the block deck face and generally opposed to the feed channel, the return channel positioned
between the fluid jacket and a second side of the block; and

mixing and providing the first and second portions of coolant to the pump.

US Pat. No. 9,810,143

EXHAUST CONTROL VALVE BRANCH COMMUNICATION AND WASTEGATE

Ford Global Technologies,...

15. An engine system comprising:
a first passage for fluid conveyance from a first set of combustion chambers to a turbine;
a second passage for fluid conveyance from a second set of combustion chambers to the turbine, and separated from the first
passage by a dividing wall;

a third passage for fluid conveyance from the first passage and the second passage to a location downstream from the turbine;
a valve positioned in the dividing wall; and
a controller programmed to adjust the valve between selected positions, including:
a first position wherein the valve is closed to each of the first and second passages, and closed to the location downstream
from the turbine when boost pressure is less than a desired pressure and engine speed is less than a threshold engine speed;

a second position wherein the valve is opened partially to each of the first and second passages, and completely opened to
the location downstream from the turbine when boost pressure is greater than the desired pressure and engine speed is less
than the threshold engine speed;

a third position wherein the valve is opened completely to each of the first and second passages, and partially opened to
the location downstream from the turbine when boost pressure is greater than the desired pressure and engine speed is greater
than the threshold engine speed; and

a fourth position wherein the valve is opened completely to each of the first and second passages, and closed to the location
downstream from the turbine when boost pressure is less than the desired pressure and engine speed is greater than the threshold
engine speed.

US Pat. No. 9,810,401

LUMINESCENT TRIM LIGHT ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A light assembly for a vehicle comprising:
a substrate and a housing forming a cavity therebetween;
a layer coupled to the housing and including a first substantially opaque portion and a second translucent portion separated
from the first portion by an electrically insulative gap, the first or second portion of the layer including an electrically
conductive material;

a light source disposed within the cavity; and
a first photoluminescent structure configured to luminesce in response to excitation by light emitted from the light source.

US Pat. No. 9,810,171

METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN OFFSET OF A MANIFOLD PRESSURE SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
during engine operation where the engine is at least spinning,
measuring manifold pressure at a first throttle angle;
determining a barometric pressure at a second throttle angle;
indicating degradation of a manifold pressure sensor based on a sensor offset, the sensor offset determined by equating a
first ratio between the manifold pressure and a reference manifold pressure determined at the first throttle angle and at
a reference barometric pressure, and a second ratio between the barometric pressure and the reference barometric pressure,
the indicating including notifying an operator; and

adjusting engine operation based on the sensor offset.

US Pat. No. 9,810,176

UNITARY COMPOSITE CAM COVER AND CARRIER AND ASSEMBLY METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A valve cover module, comprising:
a unitary cover and carrier made of a carbon fiber composite and having an interior side with a series of cavities interconnected
with aligned apertures defining bearing surfaces and a peripheral edge for attaching to a cylinder head;

a plurality of cam lobes disposed in the series of cavities; and
a camshaft rotatable on the bearing surfaces and extending through the aligned apertures to couple with the plurality of cam
lobes, wherein the bearing surfaces of the aligned apertures have strands of carbon fiber wound around in a direction of a
circumference of the camshaft.

US Pat. No. 9,810,229

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETECTING COMPRESSOR RECIRCULATION VALVE FAULTS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine operating method comprising:
globally adapting a compressor surge line stored in non-transitory memory of an engine controller;
via the engine controller,
responsive to the global adaptation being a first global adaptation including the compressor surge line being advanced beyond
an advance limit, indicating degradation of a compressor recirculation valve (CRV) the degradation of the CRV comprising a
CRV opening being more than a desired CRV opening; and

responsive to the global adaptation being a second global adaptation including the compressor surge line being retarded beyond
a retard limit, indicating degradation of the CRV, the degradation of the CRV comprising a CRV opening being less open than
the desired CRV opening.