US Pat. No. 9,525,310

ENERGY HARVESTING DEVICE USING ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE SIGNAL AND SENSOR SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An energy harvesting device using an electromagnetic wave, comprising:
an interface unit including a conductive material and coupled to a conductive member of a lighting device, a conductive interference
signal being transmitted through the conductive member to the interface unit; and

a rectifier circuit unit configured to rectify the transmitted conductive interference signal and convert the rectified conductive
interference signal into direct current power,

wherein the conductive member is a reflective plate or a louver, and
wherein the lighting device is a fluorescent light, and the reflective plate or the louver reflects visible light emitted
from the fluorescent light.

US Pat. No. 9,503,891

AUTHENTICATION METHOD OF WIRELESS MESH NETWORK

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An authentication method of a wireless mesh network, comprising:
selecting, by a new node, a first neighbor node among one or more adjacent nodes;
transmitting, by the new node, an authentication request message including a public key of the new node;
authenticating, by the first neighbor node, the public key of the new node;
transmitting, by the first neighbor node, an authentication response message including a public key of the first neighbor
node to the new node; and

authenticating, by the new node, the public key of the first neighbor node;
transmitting, by the new node, an authentication identification message to the first neighbor node,
wherein the authentication request message and the authentication response message include a transmitting node identifier,
a receiving node identifier, a certificate issued from an authentication server, an electronic signature algorithm used for
the certificate, and an encryption algorithm, wherein the certificate includes public keys of each node.

US Pat. No. 9,497,683

HANDOVER METHOD AND APPARATUS

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A handover method for a UE (user equipment), the method comprising:
the UE receiving a handover command message from a serving base station;
the UE performing cell selection to determine the best cell to handover based on the handover command message;
the UE transmitting a handover indication message to the serving base station if it is determined that the handover is to
be performed; and

the UE performing handover,
wherein a determining of the handover is at a timing different from a timing of receiving the handover command message.

US Pat. No. 9,492,739

VIRTUAL WORLD PROCESSING APPARATUS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A virtual world processing apparatus, comprising:
a gas sensor unit configured to obtain scent information in a real world; and
an engine configured to receive information about capabilities of the gas sensor unit from the gas sensor unit, and to transmit
the scent information obtained by the sensor unit to a virtual world or the real world,

wherein the gas sensor unit transmits to the engine a maximum value of gas in parts per million (ppm) that can be detected
by the gas sensor unit.

US Pat. No. 9,490,926

PROCESSOR TIME SYNCHRONIZATION APPARATUS AND METHOD IN DATA COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WITH MULTIPLE PROCESSORS AND LINE INTERFACES

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

16. A processor time synchronization method of a processor time synchronization apparatus in a data communication system,
the processor time synchronization apparatus including a main processor, and a first local processor and a second local processor
connected by a trigger bus, the processor time synchronization method comprising:
an external time synchronization stage comprising:
receiving, by the first local processor, a time message from an external device,
extracting a time difference between the first local processor and the external device from the received time message,
synchronizing time between the first local processor and the external device using the extracted time difference, and
activating the trigger bus for simultaneous local time capture, and capturing a value of a personal timer of the first local
processor; and

an internal time synchronization stage comprising, after time-synchronization between the first local processor and the external
device,

capturing, by the second local processor, a value of a personal timer of the second local processor, in response to the first
local processor's activation of the trigger bus and simultaneously to the capturing of the personal timer value of the first
local processor,

receiving the timer value captured by the first local processor from the first local processor, and
synchronizing the system's internal time with the first local processor using a difference between the received timer value
of the first local processor and the captured timer value of the second local processor, wherein

the first local processor and the second local processor share the captured value of their respective personal timer through
a system network channel that connects the first and second local processors to the main processor and is separate from the
trigger bus.

US Pat. No. 9,485,042

TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SEPARATING MULTIPLE BROADCAST SIGNALS IN TERRESTRIAL CLOUD BROADCAST SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A terrestrial cloud broadcast signal transmitting apparatus comprising:
a plurality of transmitters for transmitting a plurality of terrestrial cloud broadcast signals, wherein each of the plurality
of transmitters includes,

an encoder encoding input data to generate a code word; and
a scrambler scrambling the generated code word using a scramble sequence uniquely allocated for each transmitter so that the
plurality of terrestrial cloud broadcast signals are distinguished from each other,

wherein a plurality of scramblers are used to distinguish the plurality of terrestrial cloud broadcast signals from each other.

US Pat. No. 9,425,866

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECEIVING COUPLED SIGNAL OF TERRESTRIAL SIGNAL AND MOBILE SIGNAL

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A receiving apparatus of a coupled signal of a terrestrial signal and a mobile signal, the receiving apparatus comprising:
an antenna that receives the mobile signal and the terrestrial signal that are transmitted with one channel;
a tuner that selects a desired frequency of the received signal by tuning and that converts the received signal to an intermediate
frequency signal;

an analog to digital converter (A/D converter) that converts the intermediate frequency signal that is converted in the tuner
to a digital signal;

a demodulator that demodulates and outputs the digital signal that is output from the A/D converter; and
an equalization processor that estimates a transmission channel by detecting a training signal of the mobile signal and the
terrestrial signal from an output signal of the demodulator and that compensates distortion existing in mobile signal data
and terrestrial signal data;

wherein the equalization processor comprises a first equalization processor that detects the training signal of the terrestrial
signal from an output signal of the demodulator, estimates a transmission channel of the terrestrial signal through the training
signal that is inserted into a data area of the terrestrial signal, and corrects distortion of terrestrial signal data, and

a second equalization processor that detects the training signal of the mobile signal from an output signal of the demodulator
or the first equalization processor, estimates a transmission channel of the mobile signal through the training signal that
is inserted into a data area of the mobile signal, and corrects distortion of mobile signal data,

wherein the first equalization processor comprises a first channel estimator that estimates a transmission channel of the
terrestrial signal through the training signal that is inserted into a data area of the terrestrial signal from an output
signal of the demodulator and that estimates a transmission channel by detecting a transmitting signal corresponding to a
received terrestrial signal using a previously equalized signal through determined data and an adaptive filter that compensates
distortion existing in the terrestrial signal data using a channel estimation value of the first channel estimator and a channel
estimation value of a mobile signal that is input in the second equalization processor, and

the second equalization processor comprises a second channel estimator that estimates a transmission channel of a mobile signal
through the training signal that is inserted into a data area of the mobile signal from an output signal of the demodulator
and that estimates a transmission channel by detecting a transmitting signal corresponding to a received mobile signal using
a previously equalized signal through determined data, and that transfers the channel estimation value from the second channel
estimator to the first equalization processor and an adaptive filter that compensates distortion existing in the mobile signal
data using the channel estimation value from the second channel estimator.

US Pat. No. 9,423,567

OPTICAL MODULE, INCLUDING A PRISM COVERED BY A HOUSING

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An optical module comprising:
a lower clad layer;
an optical waveguide including silicon nitride, the optical waveguide extending in an extending direction on the lower clad
layer;

an optical device on the optical waveguide;
a prism disposed between the optical device and the optical waveguide, the prism having a higher refractive index than the
optical waveguide;

a housing covering the prism and the optical device; and
an electrode layer adjacent to the prism and disposed between the housing and the optical waveguide,
wherein the prism has a wedge shape including an inclined surface with respect to the extending direction of the optical waveguide,
the prism including gallium phosphide, and

wherein the inclined surface of the prism has an inclination angle of about 35.2 degree with respect to the extending direction
of the optical waveguide.

US Pat. No. 9,426,411

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING SUMMARIZED INFORMATION, AND SERVER FOR THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method of generating summarized information, comprising:
generating index information on a specific audio signal or a specific video signal among input signals;
synchronizing text information extracted from the input signal or received for the input signal with the index information;
generating first summarized information by using the synchronized text information and index information; and
generating second summarized information by using additional information existing on a web for the input signal and the first
summarized information,

wherein the generating index information comprises;
separating an input signal into an audio signal and a video signal according to a type of input signal;
separating the audio signal into a voice signal and a non-voice signal;
performing voice recognition on the voice signal; and
extracting the text information based on an output of the voice recognition,
wherein the synchronizing comprises;
extracting main text information on the input signal by using the text information; and
synchronizing the main text information with the index information according to a time sequence, and
wherein the non-voice signal is based on a topic and the main text information is extracted by using a predetermined topic
detection method.

US Pat. No. 9,419,682

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION FOR MOBILE DEVICE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for providing near field communication (NFC) for a mobile device, wherein the method is performed by an NFC providing
apparatus, the NFC providing apparatus being employed in the mobile device, including a universal serial bus (USB) interface,
and being connected to an antenna employed in the mobile device, the method comprising:
detecting a radio frequency (RF) signal generated from an external device of the mobile device through the antenna while power
is not provided to the NFC providing apparatus by the mobile device;

outputting a logical value for notifying that a non-contact signal is detected when the RF signal is detected while power
is not provided by the mobile device, the logical value being transmitted to the mobile device;

being provided with power by the mobile device which checks that the non-contact signal is detected by the logical value;
receiving a command notifying that the power is provided by the mobile device through a data line of the USB interface; and
transmitting ATR (answer to reset) serving as a response to the command to the mobile device after the command notifying that
the power is provided is received.

US Pat. No. 9,390,426

PERSONALIZED ADVERTISEMENT DEVICE BASED ON SPEECH RECOGNITION SMS SERVICE, AND PERSONALIZED ADVERTISEMENT EXPOSURE METHOD BASED ON PARTIAL SPEECH RECOGNITION SMS SERVICE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A personalized advertisement device based on a speech recognition SMS service, comprising:
a speech recognition unit configured to convert input speech data into character strings;
an emotion recognition unit configured to parse the input speech data to recognize an emotion state of a user;
a position recognition unit configured to receive positional information of the user;
a context parsing unit configured to parse the character strings from the speech recognition unit to grasp a context intention
after the speech data has been completely converted into the character strings;

an intention grasping unit configured to grasp a first intention of the user by using a partially recognized context intention
while the speech data continues to be converted into the character strings and the positional information from the position
recognition unit and the partially recognized context intention from the context parsing unit; and

an advertising selection unit configured to extract a first advertisement from an advertising database, while the speech data
continues to be converted by the speech recognition unit, and to transmit the extracted first advertisement to be displayed
on user equipment, together with the character strings from the speech recognition unit,
wherein the intention grasping unit is configured to grasp a second intention of the user by using completed results from
the speech recognition unit, the emotion state of the user from the emotion recognition unit, and the positional information
from the position recognition unit, and
wherein the advertising selection unit is configured to extract an optimal second advertisement from the advertising database
based on the second intention from the intention grasping unit and to transmit the extracted second advertisement to the user
equipment after the speech data is completely converted into the character strings.

US Pat. No. 9,383,450

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR GENERATING SATELLITE NAVIGATION SIGNAL BASED ON SOFTWARE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for generating a satellite navigation signal based on software, the apparatus comprising:
an orbit data processing unit to calculate, based on receiver independent exchange format (RINEX) data, (i) visible satellite
information, (ii) navigation data, (iii) a pseudo distance for each visible satellite, (iv) a Doppler for each visible satellite,
and (v) a Doppler period;

a navigation message processing unit to generate, for each visible satellite based on the navigation data, a navigation message
frame required to generate a satellite navigation signal; and

a signal generating unit to generate a satellite navigation signal of a digitized intermediate frequency for each visible
satellite based on (i) the navigation message frame for each visible satellite, (ii) the pseudo distance for each visible
satellite, and (iii) the Doppler for each visible satellite during the Doppler period,

wherein the signal generating unit includes at least one Digitally Controlled Oscillator (DCO) used to generate the satellite
navigation signal, and

wherein the Doppler period calculator calculates the Doppler period according to equation:
b=a/(T1?_doppler?T1_doppler)

where b denotes a duration of a Doppler period, a denotes a predetermined Doppler displacement, T1_doppler denotes a Doppler value at a first time T1, and T1?_doppler denotes a Doppler value at a second time T1?, and wherein the second time T1? occurs after a predetermined period of time is elapsed from the first time T1.

US Pat. No. 9,374,382

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ATTACK SOURCE TRACEBACK

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for an attack source traceback, comprising:
a server information extracting unit configured to detect an attack for a system, which is generated via a server to thereby
extract information on the server;

a traceback agent installing unit configured to install a traceback agent in a command and control server based on the information
on the server; and

a traceback unit configured to find an attack source for the system by analyzing network information of the server obtained
by the traceback agent, and to sequentially install the traceback agent from a closest server to the system among a plurality
of servers in case of an attack for the system which is generated via the plurality of servers,

wherein the traceback agent installing unit installs the traceback agent in the command and control server and hides an execution
result of the traceback agent so that an attacker does not perceive the installation of the traceback agent.

US Pat. No. 9,369,665

VIDEO RECORDING APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE AND VIDEO RECORDING METHOD FOR VEHICLE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A video recording apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
a camera unit formed so as to change a capturing direction;
a driver's viewing direction detecting unit configured to detect a driver's viewing direction, wherein the driver's viewing
direction detecting unit detects the driver's viewing direction using video information on a face direction, pupil direction,
and posture information of a driver, wherein the posture information of the driver is based on a gyro sensor attached to an
accessory which is worn on a head of the driver;

a control unit configured to control the camera unit so that the detected viewing direction corresponds to the capturing direction;
and

a storing unit configured to store a video obtained by the camera unit,
wherein the control unit stores a video from a first camera in the storing unit, and
wherein the control unit stores a video from a second camera in the storing unit if the driver's viewing direction meets a
predetermined condition.

US Pat. No. 9,361,897

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ENCODING AND DECODING MULTICHANNEL SIGNAL

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An apparatus for encoding a multi-channel signal, the apparatus comprising:
a multi-channel signal converter to convert a first multi-channel signal into a second multi-channel signal having a fewer
number of channels when compared to the first multi-channel signal;

a remaining signal generator to generate a remaining signal using a difference between the first multi-channel signal and
the second multi-channel signal; and

an encoder to encode the second multi-channel signal and the remaining signal.

US Pat. No. 9,337,814

MICROWAVE PULSE GENERATOR WITH VARIABLE FREQUENCY EMISSION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A variable frequency microwave pulse generator comprising:
a high voltage charger for charging with a high voltage;
a high pressure gas tank for supplying insulation gas; and
an electrode discharge unit comprising a case, an accommodation section defined inside the case, and a pair of electrode sections
disposed at one side and the other side of the accommodation section so as to face each other, the pair of electrode sections
being spaced apart from each other to define a spark gap therebetween where the insulation gas supplied from the high pressure
gas tank is loaded,

wherein an annular resonance recess is defined at a central portion of one electrode section of the pair of electrode sections,
a depth of the resonance recess being variable in response to an adjustment knob disposed on the case being manipulated, and

wherein the electrode discharge unit comprises:
a first fixing bracket disposed at the one side of the accommodation section;
a first electrode section fixed inside the accommodation section by the first fixing bracket;
an electrode central section disposed at a central portion of the first electrode section;
a second fixing bracket disposed at the other side of the accommodation section;
a second electrode section fixed inside the accommodation section by the second fixing bracket such that the second electrode
section is spaced apart from the first electrode section, the second electrode section having the resonance recess in a central
portion;

an electrode rod extending from the adjustment knob, which is disposed on an outer surface of the other side of the case,
so as to protrude into the resonance recess; and

a disk disposed around the electrode rod inside the resonance recess such that the disk is guided by the electrode rod to
slide to the one side or the other side in response to the adjustment knob being rotated forward or backward.

US Pat. No. 9,329,878

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING VIRTUAL API FOR MASHUP SERVICE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A computer program product for providing a virtual application programming interface (API), the computer program product
comprising:
a non-transitory computer readable storage medium having computer executable program code embodied therewith, the computer
executable program code comprising:

computer executable program code that obtains a website screen by accessing a website based on website access information
or that obtains an application program execution result screen by executing an application program based on application program
execution information; and

computer executable program code that captures an interested area according to interested area information from the website
screen related to a virtual API called by a client or from the application program execution result screen and provides the
captured predetermined area of interest to the client,

computer executable program code that stores interested area information related to virtual API name and virtual API factor
information of the virtual API;

wherein the computer executable program code that obtains a website screen or an application program execution result screen
unit comprises an access/execution information database (DB) having the website access information and the application program
execution information stored therein;

wherein the website access information comprises at least one of web browser size information, access URL information, log-in
information and menu selection procedure information provided by the website, and

wherein the website access information stored in the access/execution information DB is for a website that does not support
an open API.

US Pat. No. 9,323,392

APPARATUS FOR SENSING PRESSURE USING OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE AND METHOD THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for sensing pressure using an optical waveguide sensor, the apparatus comprising:
a light source radiating light;
an optical waveguide panel totally reflecting and transmitting the radiated light in which an upper part of the optical waveguide
panel has a plurality of light transmitting regions, wherein a first portion of the radiated light is emitted to an outside
through the plurality of light transmitting regions, and a second portion of the radiated light is totally reflected and transmitted,
and wherein an amount of the second portion of the radiated light is changed in accordance with a pressure applied to at least
one of the plurality of light transmitting regions;

a detector detecting the amount of the second portion of the radiated light; and
an analyzer determining a magnitude of the pressure and a location where the pressure is applied based on the detected amount
of the second portion of the radiated light,

wherein the optical waveguide panel includes,
a first cladding layer;
a core layer disposed on an upper portion of the first cladding layer and having a grating pattern, and the core layer totally
reflecting and transmitting the second portion of the radiated light;

a second cladding layer disposed on an upper portion of the core layer and having the plurality of light transmitting regions;
and

a photo elastic layer inserted into the second cladding layer on the plurality of light transmitting regions at a predetermined
interval and emitting the first portion of the radiated light.

US Pat. No. 9,324,436

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF FLASH MEMORY

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of controlling operation of flash memory, comprising:
outputting, by a control unit, a control signal adapted to change one or more of program, erase and read voltage conditions
for the flash memory to a voltage adjustment unit in response to input of a PUF mode selection signal; and

changing, by the voltage adjustment unit, the one or more of the program, erase and read voltage conditions for the flash
memory in response to input of the control signal,

wherein the program voltage condition includes voltage level and pulse duration of a single pulse that is applied when a program
operation is performed on the flash memory.

US Pat. No. 9,317,295

ASYNCHRONOUS PIPELINE SYSTEM, STAGE, AND DATA TRANSFER MECHANISM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An asynchronous pipeline system having a plurality of stages based on a 4-phase protocol, comprising:
a first stage among the plurality of stages; and
a second stage among the plurality of stages connected next to the first stage,
wherein the first stage transmits and the second stage receives bundled data and control data through an always bundled data
channel and on-demand data through a selectively activated on-demand data channel, wherein the on-demand data channel is only
activated in case of need of the second stage by an on-demand-hand shake request signal transferred from the first stage,

wherein the second stage is configured to verify data to be used at the second stage among the bundled data and the on-demand
data using the control data, and the on-demand data needed at the second stage is selectively inputted through the activated
on-demand data channel to the second stage,

wherein the second stage does not receive the on-demand data when it is not necessary with the second stage as the on-demand
data channel is not activated, as a result of authentication of the control data.

US Pat. No. 9,311,689

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REGISTRATION OF SURFACE MODELS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for registration of surface models, comprising:
an input/output interface configured to have a reference surface model and a floating surface model inputted thereto;
a memory having instructions for registration of the reference surface model and the floating surface model stored therein;
and

a processor configured for registration of the reference surface model and the floating surface model according to the instructions,
wherein the instructions perform:
selecting initial transformation parameters corresponding to the floating surface model by comparing depth images of the reference
surface model and the floating surface model;

transforming the floating surface model according to the initial transformation parameters;
calculating compensation transformation parameters through a matrix calculated by applying singular value decomposition to
a cross covariance matrix between the reference surface model and the floating surface model; and

transforming the floating surface model according to the compensation transformation parameters, and executing registration
of the reference surface model and the floating surface model.

US Pat. No. 9,310,807

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CREATING INDOOR ENVIRONMENT MAP

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A system for creating an indoor environment map, comprising:
a mobile unit, having wheels to freely travel, the mobile unit having a distance measuring beam sensor and a plurality of
encoders mounted to the corresponding wheels, the mobile unit acquiring encoded information by detecting revolutions of the
wheels using the plurality of encoders when the mobile unit travels, the mobile unit measuring a distance from the mobile
unit to an object existing in a surrounding environment using the distance measuring beam sensor when the mobile unit travels;

a position prediction unit predicting a position of the mobile unit based on the encoded information and determining whether
or not to correct the position of the mobile unit by applying an extended Kalman filter; and

wherein the position of the mobile unit is corrected manually by using the measured distance when an extended Kalman filter
is not applied;

map creating unit creating the indoor environment map using the corrected position of the mobile unit.

US Pat. No. 9,306,240

SOLID POLYMERIC ELECTROLYTES AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A solid polymeric electrolyte having a pattern that has a structure that is one of a polyhedron structure, a hexahedral
structure, an elliptical structure, a spherical structure, a conical structure, and a polygonal structure, the solid polymeric
electrolyte comprising:
a polymer matrix having a mesh structure, the polymer matrix being formed of a cured photo-crosslinking agent that includes
at least one of polyethyleneglycol diacrylate, triethyleneglycol diacrylate, trimethylolpropaneethoxylate triacrylate, and
Bisphenol A ethoxylate dimethacrylate;

inorganic particles substantially uniformly distributed in the polymer matrix; and
a liquid electrolyte comprised of a lithium salt and an organic solvent impregnated between the polymer matrix and the inorganic
particles,

wherein the liquid electrolyte and the cured photo-crosslinking agent are present in a weight ratio ranging from 50:50 to
99:1,

wherein the liquid electrolyte containing the cured photo-crosslinking agent and the inorganic particles are present in a
weight ratio ranging from 10:90 to 90:10, and

wherein the solid polymeric electrolyte has properties suitable for a printing process to provide said pattern including a
thickness ranging from about 10 nm to about 500 ?m and, prior to curing the photo-crosslinking agent, a viscosity ranging
from 100-10,000 poise under a shear rate condition of 1 sec?1.

US Pat. No. 9,307,345

SEPARABLE MODULE TYPE SNAKE ROBOT FOR PROVIDING SEAMLESS COMMUNICATION AND OPERATION METHOD OF THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A module type snake robot, comprising:
a plurality of robot modules separably connected,
wherein the robot modules are independently separated according to a propagation situation for wireless communication with
a control center,

wherein the robot modules are initially connected to each other and separated sequentially.

US Pat. No. 9,300,557

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING MPEG MEDIA TRANSPORT SIGNALING MESSAGE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) Media Transport (MMT) receiving device, comprising:
at least one hardware processor configured to:
measure network context information to be reported to an MMT sending device;
set a valid field indication value and a measured value for the network context information in a Reception Quality Feedback
(RQF) message; and

transmit the RQF message to the MMT sending device,
wherein the RQF message includes one or more of a measurement duration field, a packet loss ratio field, a jitter field, and
a Round-Trip Time (RTT) field, and a report item flag field required to indicate a valid field of the one or more fields,

wherein the report item flag field indicates a valid network context information field in which a valid value is stored among
individual network context information fields of the RQF message.

US Pat. No. 9,296,205

ACTIVE CLICHE FOR LARGE-AREA PRINTING, MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE SAME, AND PRINTING METHOD USING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of fabricating a nano-scale printing device, comprising:
forming first interconnection lines on a substrate;
forming a first interlayered dielectric layer on the first interconnection lines;
forming second interconnection lines on the first interlayered dielectric layer to cross the first interconnection lines,
the second interconnection lines having ring-shaped electrodes overlapped with the first interconnection lines;

forming a second interlayered dielectric layer on the second interconnection line and the first interlayered dielectric layer;
removing the second interlayered dielectric layer in the ring-shaped electrode and the first interlayered dielectric layer
below the second interlayered dielectric layer to form holes partially exposing the first interconnection lines; and

forming wedge-shaped electrodes on the first interconnection lines and in the holes.

US Pat. No. 9,294,015

PIEZOELECTRIC ENERGY HARVESTING ARRAY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of manufacturing a piezoelectric energy harvesting array comprising:
forming a plurality of piezoelectric energy harvesting devices;
connecting masses to one side of the piezoelectric energy harvesting devices and connecting the other side of the piezoelectric
energy harvesting devices facing the masses to a base; and

individually tuning a resonant frequency of each of the piezoelectric energy harvesting devices to prevent mismatch of resonant
frequency when the masses vibrate, including

selecting any one of the piezoelectric energy harvesting devices and fixing the rest of the piezoelectric energy harvesting
devices to the base, and

tuning the selected one piezoelectric energy harvesting device to a reference frequency of the base.

US Pat. No. 9,294,875

METHOD FOR DETERMINING POSITION OF TERMINAL IN CELLULAR MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A terminal operating method for positioning a terminal belonging to a heterogeneous network environment, the method comprising:
transmitting, by the terminal, a positioning request to a positioning server;
receiving, by the terminal, positioning assistance information containing virtual cell IDs allocated to ambient transmission
points around the terminal from the positioning server; and

performing, by the terminal, measurements on positioning reference signals (PRSs) generated on the virtual cell IDs allocated
to ambient transmission points around the terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,292,375

MEMORY MANAGEMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECEIVING MULTI CHANNEL HYBRID AUTOMATIC REPEAT REQUEST (HARQ) PACKET

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A memory management method, the method comprising:
generating state information for indicating memory state of a receiver; and
transmitting HARQ(Hybrid Automatic Retransmit Request) feedback packet including the state information to a transmitter,
wherein the state information includes (i) first state in which space to store a new erroneous packet in a memory of the receiver
is enough, (ii) second state in which space to store a new erroneous packet in the memory of the receiver is not enough, (iii)
third state in which an erroneous packet corresponding to the HARQ feedback packet is not stored in a memory of the receiver,
and (iv) fourth state in which an erroneous packet corresponding to the HARQ feedback packet is needed to retransmit from
an initial transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,288,090

SPECTRUM SENSING METHOD AND SPECTRUM SENSING DEVICE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A spectrum sensing method, comprising:
(a) sampling a received signal:
(b) calculating a first operation value relating to a strength of the received signal based on the sampled signal;
(c) searching for a first frequency band having the largest correlation with an input signal based on the sampled signal;
(d) calculating a first residual component signal by removing a signal component in the first frequency band from the received
signal;

(e) calculating a second operation value relating to a strength of the first residual component signal; and
(f) determining whether the frequency band occupied in the received signal is present based on a relative value of the first
operation value and the second operation value.

US Pat. No. 9,286,165

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RECOVERING PARTITION USING BACKUP BOOT RECORD INFORMATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for recovering a partition using backup boot record information, comprising:
separating an unallocated area from a disk or an evidence image;
searching the unallocated area for a location of a backup boot record;
analyzing whether a backup boot record of a file system desired to be detected is present in found sectors;
if the backup boot record is found to be the backup boot record of the file system desired to be detected as a result of the
analysis, verifying whether the backup boot record is a boot record of a valid partition; and

if it is verified that the backup boat record is the boot record of the valid partition, parsing a file system of a deleted
partition using the backup boot record, and recovering a deleted, directory or file,

wherein searching for the location of the backup boot record is configured to search for the backup boot record depending
on a type of file system based on an input sector map table,

wherein searching for the location of the backup boot record is configured to search the unallocated area while jumping the
unallocated area by a unit of a cylinder or by a unit of 2048 sectors, and analyze whether a specific sector is the backup
boot record, and

wherein searching by the unit of the cylinder and searching by the unit of 2048 sectors are simultaneously performed in a
form of threads.

US Pat. No. 9,286,694

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING MULTIPLE ARMS AND HANDS BY USING THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for detecting a plurality of arms and hands by using a three-dimensional (3D) image, the apparatus comprising:
an image input unit configured to acquire a 3D image of an object;
an arm detecting unit configured to detect one or more component-unit candidate regions of the object in the 3D image, and
detect one or more arm regions by using arm detection feature information, extracted from each of the candidate regions, and
a pattern recognition algorithm; and

a hand detecting unit configured to calculate a position of a hand and a position of a wrist in each of the arm regions detected
by the arm detecting unit, and detect a hand region by using the position of the hand and the position of the wrist.

US Pat. No. 9,261,882

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SHARING VEHICLE INFORMATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for sharing vehicle information, the apparatus comprising:
a self sensor processor configured to acquire driving-related information through a sensor of a self vehicle;
a self future prediction sensor processor configured to generate future driving-related information of the self vehicle based
on the driving-related information;

a remote virtual sensor processor configured to receive driving-related information and future driving-related information
of another vehicle;

a dynamic map processor configured to collect the driving-related information of the vehicles including the self vehicle and
generate dynamic map data;

a cooperative sensor interface configured to analyze driving-related information requested by the dynamic map processor and
request the driving-related information from at least one of the self sensor processor, the self future prediction sensor
processor, and the remote virtual sensor processor;

a static map processor configured to provide static map data including road information; and
a path generator configured to generate a driving path of the self vehicle using the static map data provided by the static
map processor and the dynamic map data generated by the dynamic map processor.

US Pat. No. 9,264,782

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING REALISTIC BROADCASTING IMAGE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of providing a realistic broadcasting image including an ultra high definition (UHD) image, the method comprising:
generating a first encoding stream from a high definition (HD) image;
generating a second encoding stream from a UHD image and an image restored from the first encoding stream;
generating a decoded image by decoding the first or second encoding stream;
obtaining a restored UHD image, differing from the UHD image, by expanding a resolution of the decoded image and converting
a scanning method when a scanning method of the decoded image is different from a scanning method of the UHD image;

generating a third encoding stream from the UHD image and an image restored from the second encoding stream;
generating a first transmission stream by applying at least one of packetization, synchronization, and multiplexing to the
first encoding stream and the second encoding stream;

generating a second transmission stream by applying at least one of packetization and synchronization to the third encoding
stream;

transmitting the first transmission stream via a first transmission channel; and
transmitting the second transmission stream via a second transmission channel having a lower transmission capacity than the
first transmission channel.

US Pat. No. 9,257,610

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of manufacturing a light emitting diode, the method comprising:
forming an n-type semiconductor layer on a substrate;
forming an active layer on the n-type semiconductor layer;
forming a p-type semiconductor layer on the active layer;
forming a first electrode by electrospinning after disposing a mask on the p-type semiconductor layer;
forming a second electrode made of graphene on the first electrode after moving the mask;
forming a p-type electrode on the second electrode; and
forming an n-type electrode on the n-type semiconductor layer.

US Pat. No. 9,257,128

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CODING AND DECODING MULTI OBJECT AUDIO SIGNAL WITH MULTI CHANNEL

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A transcoding apparatus for generating rendering information to decode an encoded audio signal, comprising:
a first matrix means for generating rendering information including information for mapping the encoded audio signal to an
output channel of an audio decoding apparatus based on object control information including location and level information
of the encoded audio signal and output layout information;

a second matrix means for generating channel restoration information for a audio signal including a plurality of channels
included in the encoded audio signal based on first rendering information including a spatial cue for the audio signal;

a sub-band converting means for converting second rendering information having a spatial cue for an audio signal including
a plurality of objects included in the encoded audio signal into rendering information following a CODEC scheme, where the
second rendering information includes a spatial cue not limited by the CODEC scheme that limits the first rendering information;
and

rendering means for generating modified rendering information for the encoded audio signal based on the rendering information
generated by the first matrix means, the rendering information generated by the second matrix means, and the converted rendering
information from the sub-band converting means.

US Pat. No. 9,247,566

METHOD FOR PROTECTING OPPORTUNITY TO TRANSMIT DATA FRAME IN WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for protecting transmission opportunity (TXOP) of a data frame in a wireless LAN system, comprising:
generating a data frame including a legacy-signal (L-SIG) field; and
transmitting the data frame through at least one of a multi-user multi-antenna scheme and a multi-channel scheme;
wherein the L-SIG field is determined by transmission time (TXTIME) of a plurality of data units included in the data frame
corresponding to very high throughput (VHT)-mode packets based on a transmission scheme of a VHT mode, and

wherein the TXTIME is determined by a total number of data symbols in a data field of the data frame.

US Pat. No. 9,246,806

DIGITAL BROADCASTING SIGNAL TRANSMITTING METHOD AND DEVICE, RECORDING MEDIUM THEREOF, AND RECEIVING DEVICE THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of receiving a broadcasting signal in a broadcasting signal receiving device, the method comprising:
determining whether to receive a frame based on a frame header of the frame;
outputting at least one service data of the frame;
demodulating each of the at least one service data by detecting information on modulation level of each of the at least one
service data from the frame header; and

channel decoding each of the at least one demodulated service data,
wherein the frame further includes a frame body including a plurality of service data, and
the frame header including information on the plurality of service data is located prior to the frame body, and
wherein channel decoding each of the at least one demodulated service data includes channel decoding each of the at least
one demodulated service data by detecting information on channel encoding level of each of the at least one service data from
the frame header.

US Pat. No. 9,246,562

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING DATA IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for transmitting data in a communication system including an access point (AP) and a plurality of terminals,
the apparatus comprising:
a receiving unit configured to receive an uplink frame from each of the terminals by a multi user-multiple input multiple-output
(MIMO) scheme;

a generating unit configured to generate a packet including support information on a multi user-power saving scheme of the
terminals;

a buffering unit configured to respectively buffer data corresponding to said each of the terminals in order to be transmitted
to the terminals; and

a transmitting unit configured to simultaneously transmit a downlink frame including the generated packet and the buffered
data to the terminals by the multi user-MIMO scheme,

wherein the buffered data corresponding to said each of the terminals are aggregated in the downlink frame, and simultaneously
transmitted to the terminals through the downlink frame,

wherein the support information includes enable setting information on the terminals corresponding to the multi user-power
saving scheme,

wherein the enable setting information is included in transmission frames,
wherein buffered frames including the buffered data are transmitted to the terminals by the multi user-MIMO scheme,
wherein an end of service period (EOSP) bit and More Data bit of the downlink frame for each of the terminals are transmitted,
wherein, when the number of medium access control (MAC) service data units (MSDUs) or aggregated MSDUs (A-MSDUs) transmitted
to the terminals exceeds the setting of a max service period (SP) length field or there are no frames to be additionally transmitted
at the time of next transmission, a service period ends, and

wherein, when the downlink frames for the terminals are determined to be quality of service (QoS) null frames, the service
period ends and a wake up mode is shifted to a sleep mode.

US Pat. No. 9,246,628

HYBRID PASSIVE OPTICAL NETWORK SYSTEM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An optical line terminal (OLT) of a hybrid passive optical network (PON) system, the OLT comprising:
a seed light source configured to provide a seed light having a predetermined wavelength;
an optical transmitter configured to modulate the seed light generated from the seed light source using a reflective modulator,
and to transmit a modulated orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) downstream optical signal to a plurality of
optical network units (ONUs); and

an optical receiver configured to receive an OFDM upstream optical signal from the at least one ONU,
wherein the plurality of ONUs is configured to obtain a wavelength of the OFDM upstream optical signal from the OFDM downstream
optical signal and to reuse a portion of the OFDM downstream optical signal as the OFDM upstream optical signal,

wherein the plurality of ONUs is configured to share one OFDM subcarrier associated with the OFDM downstream optical signal
by time division multiplexing (TDM), to obtain a wavelength of the OFDM upstream optical signal from the OFDM downstream optical
signal, and to reuse a portion of the OFDM downstream optical signal as the OFDM upstream optical signal,

wherein the at least one ONU comprising:
an optical coupler configured to branch an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) downstream optical signal transmitted
from an optical line terminal (OLT);

an optical receiver configured to receive a portion of the OFDM downstream optical signal through the optical coupler; and
an optical transmitter configured to modulate the remaining portion of the OFDM downstream optical signal through the optical
coupler using a reflective modulator and to transmit a modulated OFDM upstream optical signal to the OLT,

wherein the optical coupler configured to adjust the distributing ratio to increase the downstream optical signal supplied
to the optical transmitter when the optical link length or the optical link power budget is increased.

US Pat. No. 9,245,369

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING AN AVATAR

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for creating an avatar, comprising:
receiving information on an appearance of an object to be created into an avatar;
generating avatar appearance type metadata using the information on the appearance; and
creating the avatar using the avatar appearance type metadata after generating the avatar appearance type metadata,
wherein the avatar appearance type metadata include skin information, hair information, nails information, teeth information,
and expression information to show the appearance, and

wherein the expression information includes an appearance resource information which represents a URL of a file including
a description for the avatar, a facial calibration points information which is a set of elements that are calibration points
for face feature control, and a body condition information which includes a set of elements for describing the body condition
of the avatar like body strength and body flexibility.

US Pat. No. 9,239,934

MOBILE COMPUTING SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING HIGH-SECURITY EXECUTION ENVIRONMENT

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A mobile computing system for providing a high-security execution environment, comprising:
one owner execution environment including an operating system (OS), a plurality of applications, and an owner hardware security
module device driver;

at least one user execution environment including an OS, a plurality of applications, and a user hardware security module
device driver;

a hardware security module configured to perform hardware security functions including integrity check of the owner execution
environment or the user execution environment, authentication of an owner or a user, storage of data including personal information,
cryptographic operation for an application requiring security, and generation and storage of a cryptographic key; and

a virtual hardware security module device driver configured to perform execution environment management including setting
of the user execution environment and notify the hardware security module of whether the execution environment is the owner
execution environment or the user execution environment

wherein the hardware security module comprises a byte of non-volatile memory including eight bits assigned as flag bits comprising
a first flag bit indicating whether the execution environment is the owner execution environment and one or more other flag
bits that respectively indicate one or more user execution environments according to the number of one or more user execution
environments;

wherein the flag bits are used to determine whether a command transferred to the hardware security module has been issued
in the owner execution environment or the one or more user execution environments, and the hardware security module operates
according to the determination to perform the hardware security functions for the owner execution environment or the respective
one or more user execution environments.

US Pat. No. 9,235,463

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FAULT MANAGEMENT OF SMART DEVICE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of fault management of a smart device, the method comprising:
comparing a value of a fault detection indicator (hereinafter referred to as ‘FDI’) obtained in a normal state, which is used
to detect a fault generated in the smart device, with respect to at least one performance indicator, with an FDI value observed
in real time;

detecting the fault by calculating a relative variation level of the FDI values; and
analyzing the detected fault and creating a diagnosis object (hereinafter referred to as ‘DO’) including a cause and a countermeasure
of the detected fault.

US Pat. No. 9,236,006

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A display device comprising:
a pixel including:
an emissive element circuit;
a reflective element circuit;
a first transistor serving as a switch transistor that selects one of the emissive element circuit and the reflective element
circuit;

a second transistor that is connected to the reflective element circuit, and is turned on or off in response to a scan signal
when the first transistor is turned on;

a third transistor that is turned on or off in response to a scan signal when the first transistor is turned off, the reflective
element circuit being driven in response to a data signal through the second and third transistors; and

a fourth transistor that is connected to the emissive element circuit, the emissive element circuit being driven in response
to an emissive signal through the fourth transistor;

an illumination sensor that generates an illumination information signal based on an illumination from an external light source;
and

a controller that generates control signals including the scan signal, the data signal, and the emission signal, for driving
the pixel, and generates a light signal controlling the switch transistor by referencing the illumination information signal.

US Pat. No. 9,236,577

DUAL-MODE DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A dual-mode display device comprising:
a lower substrate;
an upper substrate facing the lower substrate;
a thin-film transistor portion disposed between the upper substrate and the lower substrate;
a first anode disposed at one side of the thin-film transistor portion;
a first cathode disposed between the first anode and the upper substrate;
an organic light-emitting layer disposed between the first cathode and the first anode;
a second anode disposed at the other side of the thin-film transistor portion;
a second cathode disposed between the second anode and the upper substrate, or between the second anode and the lower substrate;
and

an optical switching layer disposed between the second cathode and the second anode,
wherein the thin-film transistor portion is disposed between the first anode and the second anode, and disposed between the
organic light-emitting layer and the optical switching layer, and

wherein the first anode is on a level with the second anode.

US Pat. No. 9,226,454

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING LIGHTING IN PLANT FACTORY

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method for controlling lighting in a plant factory, the method comprising:
calculating a weight of at least one crop being cultivated based on a sensing result received from a weight sensor disposed
in a crop cultivation bed;

calculating a height of the crop based on information about growth of the crop corresponding to the weight of the crop;
extracting information about artificial light corresponding to the height of the crop based on the information about growth
of the crop; and

controlling a height of an artificial lighting device based on the information about artificial light.

US Pat. No. 9,219,971

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A PIEZOELECTRIC SPEAKER

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of manufacturing a piezoelectric speaker, the method comprising:
forming a piezoelectric thin film, and then forming an upper electrode on a first side of the piezoelectric thin film and
forming a lower electrode on a second side of the piezoelectric thin film;

forming a damping material layer;
attaching the lower electrode disposed on the piezoelectric thin film to an acoustic diaphragm with the damping material layer
interposed between the lower electrode and the acoustic diaphragm, the piezoelectric thin film being canted from the acoustic
diaphragm,

performing drying at room temperature; and
fixing the acoustic diaphragm to a frame using an adhesive material with high elasticity.

US Pat. No. 9,218,001

WIRELESS INDUCEMEMT SYSTEM AND AUTO DRIVING APPARATUS FOR DRIVING VEHICLE AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A wireless inducement system, comprising:
a plurality of implanted road positioning signalers (IRPSes) that each transmit a reference location wireless signal comprising
information about location coordinates and an electric wave sending time of a corresponding one of the plurality of IRPSes,
the plurality of IRPSes including a first IRPS that is installed in a first lane line extending in a first direction, a second
IRPS that is installed in a second lane line that is parallel and adjacent to the first lane line, the second IRPS disposed
opposite to the first IRPS in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, and a third IRPS that is installed
in the first or second lane line;

an auto driving apparatus that receives three reference location wireless signals from the first, second, and third IRPSes,
respectively, calculates a location of a vehicle based on arrival times of the three reference location wireless signals from
the first, second, and third IRPSes, and performs auto driving using the received reference location wireless signals; and

smart roadside equipment (SRSE) that manages the plurality of IRPSes and that transmits situation information about an adjacent
region of the vehicle in which the auto driving apparatus is mounted,

wherein the location of the vehicle is calculated using the following equations:
|Ra?R0|=C(?ta+?t0)

|Rb?R0|=C(?tb+?t0)

|Rc?R0|=C(?tc+?t0),

wherein Ra, Rb, Rc, and R0 are location coordinates of the first, second, and third IRPSes, and the auto driving apparatus, respectively, ?ta, ?tb, and ?tc are the arrival times of the reference location wireless signals from the first, second, and third IRPSes, C is a speed of
an electric wave, and ?t0 is an error of a clock included in the auto driving apparatus, the arrival times each corresponding to a traveling time of
a reference location wireless signal from a corresponding one of the first, second, and third IRPSes to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,209,266

HIGH ELECTRON MOBILITY TRANSISTOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of manufacturing a high electron mobility transistor, the method comprising:
forming a source electrode and a drain electrode on a substrate;
forming a first insulating film having a first opening on an entire surface of the substrate, the first opening exposing a
part of the substrate;

forming a second insulating film having a second opening within the first opening, the second opening exposing a part of the
substrate;

forming a third insulating film having a third opening within the second opening, the third opening exposing a part of the
substrate;

etching a part of the first insulating film, the second insulating film and the third insulating film so as to expose the
source electrode and the drain electrode; and

forming a T-gate electrode on a support structure comprising the first insulating film, the second insulating film and the
third insulating film.

US Pat. No. 9,207,761

CONTROL APPARATUS BASED ON EYES AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING DEVICE THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An eye-gaze based control device comprising:
an image generation unit configured to create an image by applying a spatial coordinate system to image data and synchronizing
a device coordinate system with the spatial coordinate system applied to the image data;

an image output unit configured to output the image;
an eye-gaze point detection unit configured to detect an eye-gaze point of the user on the outputted image and detect an eye-gaze
point coordinate;

a control command input unit configured to receive a user control command;
a coordinate value calculation unit configured to generate a control signal for controlling a device by matching the eye-gaze
point coordinate with the device coordinate system based on the user control command,

wherein the control signal comprises a signal for controlling one of operations of moving, magnifying and reducing the image
on the basis of the eye-gaze point coordinate,

wherein the spatial coordinate system corresponds to a physical space, and
wherein the device coordinate system corresponds to a frame of reference of the device.

US Pat. No. 9,204,424

SCHEDULING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MULTICAST BROADCAST SERVICE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A receiving method in a user terminal, comprising:
receiving scheduling information for at least one multicast broadcast service; and
receiving the multicast broadcast service by using the scheduling information,
wherein the scheduling information includes information related to subframe location in which each multicast broadcast service
ends within a scheduling period comprising a plurality of subframes and the scheduling information includes scheduling information
for a multicast broadcast service which is not included in a current scheduling period.

US Pat. No. 9,201,675

DAAS MANAGER AND DAAS CLIENT FOR DAAS SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A Desktop As A Service (DaaS) manager, comprising:
a connection broker module configured to permit connections to a DaaS client and a DaaS server to a user who has performed
user authentication;

a provisioning module configured to determine an operating status of the DaaS server, and to assign a virtual machine of an
optimum DaaS server to the DaaS client;

a management module configured to monitor an operating status of the DaaS server and the virtual machine, and to execute a
control command of the DaaS server; and

a web server module configured to provide a web-based management tool Graphic User Interface (GUI) to the user,
wherein the connection broker module:
provides a desktop virtualization environment connection function and a screen redirection function using a remote connection
protocol of the assigned virtual machine after the virtual machine has been assigned; and

in order for the user to connect again at a desired time when use of the assigned virtual machine is terminated, stores current
environment settings based on the user's account, and eliminates the desktop environment connection function and the screen
redirection function,

wherein the provisioning module separates an image for operation of the virtual machine and a disk image for a user of the
DaaS client, and assigns the DaaS server thereto.

US Pat. No. 9,182,502

ANALYSIS APPARATUS FOR HIGH ENERGY PARTICLE AND ANALYSIS METHOD USING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An analysis apparatus comprising:
a scintillator generating photons with unique wavelengths by the impinging with a plurality of kinds of accelerated particles;
a parallel beam converting unit making the photons proceed in parallel to one another;
a diffraction grating panel making the photons proceeding in parallel to one another enter at a certain angle, and refracting
the photons at different angles depending on each unique wavelength; and

a plurality of sensing units spatially separated and arranged at positions where the photons refracted at different angles
from the diffraction grating panel reach, and detecting each of the photons.

US Pat. No. 9,185,733

METHOD OF DEVICE-TO-DEVICE COMMUNICATION IN WIRELESS MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A data transmission/reception method of a first device for device-to-device (D2D) communication, comprising:
receiving activation reception assignment information of a first D2D link from a base station in a first subframe;
transmitting whether the activation reception assignment information of the first D2D link has been successfully received
to the base station in a second subframe after a predetermined number (m) of subframes from the first subframe; receiving
data of the first D2D link from a second device based on the activation reception assignment information of the first D2D
link in a third subframe after a predetermined number (n) of the subframes from the second subframe; and

transmitting information indicating whether the data of the first D2D link has been successfully received to the second device
in a fourth subframe after a first predetermined number (o) of the subframes from the third subframe,

wherein it is determined whether the data received from the second device after a second predetermined number (p) of the subframes
from the fourth subframe is initial transmission data or retransmission data based on the information indicating whether the
data of the first D2D link has been successfully received.

US Pat. No. 9,179,269

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING SYNCHRONIZATION SIGNAL IN TALK-AROUND DIRECT COMMUNICATION NETWORK

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for transmitting a synchronization signal of a terminal in a direct communication network, the method comprising:
randomly selecting one of a plurality of synchronization slots included in a first window as a first synchronization slot;
transmitting a first synchronization signal through the plurality of synchronization slots excluding the first synchronization
slot;

detecting a second synchronization signal transmitted from other terminals using the first synchronization slot; and
determining that a collision from amongst the synchronization signals has occurred based on the detection result.

US Pat. No. 9,177,414

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RENDERING POINT CLOUD USING VOXEL GRID

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for rendering point cloud using a voxel grid, comprising:
generating bounding box including all the point cloud and dividing the generated bounding box into voxels to make the voxel
grid;

allocating at least one texture plane to each voxel of the voxel grid;
orthogonally projecting points within the voxel to the allocated texture planes to generate texture images; and
rendering each voxel of the voxel grid by selecting one of the texture planes within the voxel by using central position of
the voxel and the 3D camera position and rendering using the texture images corresponding to the selected texture plane.

US Pat. No. 9,164,873

MONITORING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ARINC 653-BASED OPERATING SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A monitoring method for an Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated (ARINC) 653-based operating system, the method comprising:
transferring, by a client system, breakpoint information about a breakpoint to a target system;
setting the breakpoint information in the target system;
reading, by a micro controller unit, a program counter;
if an address value of the breakpoint contained in the breakpoint information matches a value of the program counter, causing
an interrupt of operation of the target system; and

executing a monitoring function contained in the breakpoint information matching the value of the program counter.

US Pat. No. 9,160,432

COGNITIVE RADIO BASE STATION AND COMMUNICATION METHOD THEREOF IN MULTI-USER MULTIPLE-INPUT MULTIPLE OUTPUT COGNITIVE RADIO NETWORK SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A communication method for a cognitive radio (CR) base station in a multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) CR
communication system including the CR base station and CR terminals, the method comprising:
calculating, from an interference channel, an orthogonal projection matrix to be used for removing interference on a primary
user through use of a zero forcing (ZF) processing scheme; and

obtaining a beamforming weight vector for each of the CR terminals, through use of the orthogonal projection matrix,
wherein the obtaining comprises obtaining a beamforming vector using a generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD)-based
algorithm that maximized signal-to-leakage-and noise ratio (SNLR) for each of the CR terminals, through use of the orthogonal
projection matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,153,651

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method for manufacturing a thin film transistor, comprising:
forming a gate electrode on a substrate;
forming an active layer that is adjacent to the gate electrode and comprises an oxide semiconductor;
forming an oxygen providing layer on the active layer;
forming a gate dielectric between the gate electrode and the active layer;
forming source and drain electrodes coupled to the active layer;
forming a planarizing layer covering the gate electrode and the gate dielectric;
forming a hole in the planarizing layer exposing the active layer; and
performing a heat treatment process onto the planarizing layer in an atmosphere of oxygen, thereby providing oxygen atoms
of the atmosphere of oxygen to the active layer though the hole.

US Pat. No. 9,154,293

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMPENSATING FOR VARIABLE SYMBOL TIMING USING CYCLIC PREFIX IN NON-SYNCHRONIZED OFDM SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of a reception apparatus estimating symbol timing in a non-synchronized orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
system, the method comprising:
synchronizing a frame of a received signal;
estimating symbol timing of each symbol of the frame based on the synchronization;
correcting phase rotation of the symbol timing by compensating for the symbol timing using a phase difference attributable
to a symbol timing offset that is variably changed within a cyclic prefix interval due to a frequency offset of a sampling
clock and thermal noise; and

performing channel equalization based on the symbol timing having corrected phase rotation.

US Pat. No. 9,146,713

TOOL COMPOSITION FOR SUPPORTING OPENCL APPLICATION SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT FOR EMBEDDED SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A host system processor configured to support open computing language application software development in conjunction with
a target system, comprising:
a project management unit configured to separate and store open computing language application software constituted of a host
program and a kernel program into a host source code corresponding to the host program and a kernel source code corresponding
to the kernel program;

the project management unit configured to set a tool-chain corresponding to an open computing language platform of the target
system; and

a builder configured to set a compilation type to be one of an online compilation type and an offline compilation type and
determine whether the kernel source code is compiled in response to the compilation type set by the builder,

wherein the builder builds a host binary code corresponding to the host source code by compiling only the host source code
when the compilation type is the online compilation type, and builds the host binary code corresponding to the host source
code and a kernel binary code corresponding to the kernel source code by compiling the host source code and the kernel source
code when the compilation type is the offline compilation type.

US Pat. No. 9,141,643

VISUAL ONTOLOGICAL SYSTEM FOR SOCIAL COMMUNITY

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An operating method of a virtual ontological system for a social community, the operating method comprising:
storing and maintaining, in a database, a plurality of quantizing expressions having respective meanings and image data associated
with each of the plurality of quantizing expressions;

collecting a plurality of comments, input by users of the social community, about a predetermined content, the comments including
a plurality of user expressions;

determining, for each of the plurality of user expressions, a matching quantizing expression in the database according to
the meaning of the matching quantizing expression and a meaning of the user expression;

generating comment images for each of the user expressions according to the image data associated with the respective matching
quantizing expression in the database; and

generating summarized image data for the predetermined content by analyzing the generated comment images,
wherein generating the summarized image data comprises:
combining the generated comment images through at least one of a logical combination, a physical combination, and a chemical
combination, and selecting, as the summarized image data, image data corresponding to a result of combining the generated
comment images.

US Pat. No. 9,143,257

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING SIGNAL

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of transmitting broadcast channel information in a base station, the method comprising:
generating broadcast channel information every transmission time interval including a plurality of consecutive frames;
scrambling the broadcast channel information with a scrambling code in the transmission time interval;
modulating the scrambled broadcast channel information to generate transmission symbols; and
transmitting the transmission symbols,
wherein the scrambling code has different codes in different consecutive frames within the transmission time interval.

US Pat. No. 9,143,796

MULTI-VIEW VIDEO CODING/DECODING METHOD AND APPARATUS

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A multi-view video coding method comprising:
coding a multi-view video by performing at least one of inter prediction and intra prediction; and
coding a depth information video corresponding to the coded multi-view video using motion information of the coded multi-view
video or prediction information in accordance with the at least one of inter prediction and intra prediction of the coded
multi-view video,

wherein a flag bit is inserted, and the flag bit indicates whether motion information for a current frame of the depth information
video is identical to the motion information of the coded multi-view video and includes the prediction information in accordance
with the at least one of inter prediction and intra prediction,

wherein the motion information of the coded multi-view video is inherently used to code the depth information video,
wherein the prediction information in accordance with the inter prediction comprises the motion information in accordance
with the inter prediction,

when the motion information for a current frame is identical to the motion information of the coded multi-view video, the
flag bit is equal to 1,

when the motion information for a current frame is not identical to the motion information of the coded multi-view video,
the flag bit is equal to 0.

US Pat. No. 9,135,953

METHOD FOR CREATING, EDITING, AND REPRODUCING MULTI-OBJECT AUDIO CONTENTS FILES FOR OBJECT-BASED AUDIO SERVICE, AND METHOD FOR CREATING AUDIO PRESETS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for creating a multi-object audio content file for an object-based audio service, comprising:
creating a plurality of frames according to each of a plurality of audio objects forming an audio content;
creating a multi-object audio content file including the plurality of frames for each of a plurality of audio objects by editing
the audio objects and a plurality of presets, wherein each of the plurality of presets is audio scene information defining
spatial position about one or more audio objects;

creating preset related information including the number of the plurality of presets and a preset name of each of the plurality
of presets; and

grouping the plurality of frames based on reproduction characteristics of frames and storing the grouped frames.

US Pat. No. 9,134,413

METHOD OF MEASURING DISTANCE BOUND USING RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION (RFID) AND SYSTEM THEREOF

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method in which a tag assists in measuring a distance bound, the method comprising:
receiving a plurality of queries from a reader;
deciding a response value based on a random number ci included in each query of the plurality of queries and a first bit created in advance through protocol initialization with
the reader;

determining whether or not to transmit a response including the response value based on a random number mi included in each query of the plurality of queries and a second bit created in advance through the protocol initialization
with the reader;

transmitting the response to the reader if it is determined that the response has to be transmitted; and
calculating a message authentication code based on the random number ci, the random number mi, and the response value, and transmitting the message authentication code to the reader.

US Pat. No. 9,137,689

SCHEME FOR MONITORING BATTERY OF MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An operation method of a network apparatus comprising a machine type communication device in communication system, the
method comprising:
transmitting a residual power monitoring request of the battery to the machine type communication device;
receiving a response message including the residual power of the battery from the machine type communication device;
comparing the residual power of the battery with a threshold value; and
performing a first operation or a second operation based on a result of the comparing;
wherein the first operation includes transmitting information for residual power of the battery or notification indication
a low residual power of the battery to a manager device and the second operation includes setting a first point in time for
retransmitting the residual power monitoring request of the battery to the machine type communication device, and

wherein the first operation is performed when the residual power of the battery is less than the threshold value and the second
operation is performed when the residual power of the battery is greater than or equal to a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,136,396

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, the method comprising:
forming devices on a front surface of a substrate, each of the devices including a source electrode, a drain electrode, and
a gate electrode, and the substrate including a bulk silicon, a buried oxide layer, an active silicon, a gallium nitride layer,
and an aluminum-gallium nitride layer which are sequentially stacked;

forming a via-hole penetrating the substrate by etching a back surface of the substrate, the via-hole exposing a bottom surface
of the source electrode;

conformally forming a ground interconnection on the back surface of the substrate having the via-hole;
after forming the via-hole and the ground interconnection, forming a protecting layer on the front surface of the substrate
on which the devices are formed; and

after forming the protecting layer, cutting the substrate between the devices to separate the devices from each other, wherein
the protecting layer is disposed on the front surface of the substrate while the cutting of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,136,421

WIDE AREA ARRAY TYPE PHOTONIC CRYSTAL PHOTOMIXER FOR GENERATING AND DETECTING BROADBAND TERAHERTZ WAVE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A wide area array type photonic crystal photomixer comprising:
a sub photomixer array comprising:
a plurality of first electrodes spaced apart from each other side by side and coupled to a bias voltage;
a single one second electrode arranged between the first electrodes and coupled to a ground level;
a first photonic crystal that is formed between one of the first electrodes and the one second electrode over a photoconductive
layer formed on a substrate, the first photonic crystal including a plurality of first unit metal cell arrays arranged at
preset distances from each other, the first unit metal cell arrays being formed so that the first photonic crystal is a light
absorption area that transmits incident light; and

a second photonic crystal that is formed between another of the first electrodes and the one second electrode over the photoconductive
layer, the second photonic crystal including a plurality of second unit metal cell arrays arranged at preset distances from
each other, the second unit metal cell arrays being formed so that the second photonic crystal is a light reflection area
that reflects the incident light.

US Pat. No. 9,136,936

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING FREQUENCY SELECTIVELY IN SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus implementing frequency selectivity in a multibeam satellite apparatus that transmits a signal to a user equipment
(UE) through one or more antenna feed groups, the transmission apparatus comprising:
at least one processor configured to:
calculate one or more cyclic delay offset values to correspond with beam signal formation of a selected one or more antenna
feed groups indicated by a selection signal, the one or more cyclic delay offset values being adaptively calculated by determining
presence of one of a user equipment (UE) in a multi-beam signal and multiple UEs other than the UE in a beam signal in accordance
with the beam signal formation of the selected one or more antenna feed groups;

wherein each antenna feed group comprises a plurality of antenna feeds;
wherein when the presence of the UE in a multi-beam signal is determined, the adaptively calculating comprises calculating
a different cyclic delay offset value for each of the one or more antenna feed groups;

wherein when the presence of the multiple UEs in a beam signal is determined, the adaptively calculating comprises calculating
a different cyclic delay offset value for each antenna feed of each of the one or more antenna feed groups;

and apply the cyclic delay offset value to a signal to be transmitted through the selected one or more antenna feed groups,
and transmit a resultant signal.

US Pat. No. 9,126,234

SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATICALLY SORTING MAILPOSTAL MATTER AND METHOD THEREOF

Electronics and Telecommu...

9. A method for automatically sorting mailpostal matters, comprising:
conveying, when two mailpostal matters are simultaneously inputted through an inlet of a mailpostal matter supply unit, the
two mailpostal matters while controlling a distance between the two mailpostal matters to be equal to a distance between two
adjacent ones of a plurality of crossbelt carriers;

inserting, when the two mailpostal matters are conveyed from the mailpostal matter supply unit, the two mailpostal matters
simultaneously into the two adjacent crossbelt carriers if the two adjacent crossbelt carriers are empty; and

moving the two mailpostal matters through the two adjacent crossbelt carriers.

US Pat. No. 9,124,812

OBJECT IMAGE CAPTURE APPARATUS AND METHOD

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An object image capture apparatus, comprising:
a first camera unit for obtaining a wide-area view image by capturing a wide-area view region;
a second camera unit for obtaining a close-up view image by capturing a close-up view region of the wide-area view region;
and

a control unit for controlling the second camera unit by dividing the wide-area view image into a plurality of blocks, analyzing
the resulting blocks, detecting a moving object in a target block, and defining the target block, in which a moving object
is detected, as the close-up view region from among the plurality of blocks,

wherein the control unit performs division such that the sizes of the plurality of blocks are different from each other in
consideration of at least one of Field of View (FOV), resolution and zoom level of the first camera unit and the second camera
unit,

wherein the control unit controls motion of the second camera unit by defining a reference point for each of the plurality
of blocks, and synchronizing a motion coordinate value of the second camera unit with the reference point.

US Pat. No. 9,124,313

MULTI-CELL COOPERATIVE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND TERMINAL DEVICE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A multi-cell cooperative communication system, comprising:
a plurality of base stations, each of the plurality of base stations includes a same code book and one or more first antennas
that transmit data signals using at least one of the first antennas to a terminal including at least one second antenna, each
of the plurality of base stations are configured to:

select a same precoding matrix from among at least one precoding matrix of the same code book,
mutually exchange precoding information,
select a same precoding vector constituting the same precoding matrix using the mutually exchanged precoding information,
generate the data signals by precoding at least one data symbol using the same precoding vector, and
transmit the data signals to the terminal by using a same radio resource.

US Pat. No. 9,110,897

SENSOR TAG AND METHOD OF PROVIDING SERVICE USING THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A sensor tag that communicates with a reader, comprising:
a tag chip configured to generate a driving voltage from a radio frequency (RF) signal that is received from the reader and
that transmits sensor data to the reader according to a request from the reader;

a sensor configured to receive a supply of a necessary driving voltage from the tag chip and that measures corresponding sensor
data; and

a micro controller unit (MCU) configured to receive a necessary driving voltage from the tag chip and configured to transfer
sensor data that is measured from the sensor to the tag chip.

US Pat. No. 9,112,613

PASSIVE OPTICAL NETWORK REACH EXTENDER BASED ON WAVELENGTH TUNABLE OPTICAL MODULE AND METHOD THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A passive optical network reach extender comprising:
a first optical splitter configured to receive an optical signal from an optical line terminal and split the signal into optical
signals having a multiplexed wavelength;

a wavelength tunable remote relay configured to receive the optical signals split from the first optical splitter, and select
and control an available wavelength for each port;

a wavelength multiplexer configured to multiplex a wavelength of the optical signal output from the wavelength tunable remote
relay; and

a second optical splitter configured to split the optical signal multiplexed by the wavelength multiplexer into a plurality
of optical network units.

US Pat. No. 9,105,437

FIELD EMISSION X-RAY TUBE AND METHOD OF FOCUSING ELECTRON BEAM USING THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A field emission X-ray tube comprising:
a cathode electrode provided on one end of a vacuum container, comprising a field emission emitter;
a gate electrode provided inside the vacuum container to be adjacent to the cathode electrode, comprising a first opening;
a focusing electrode electrically connected to the gate electrode and provided on one surface of the gate electrode to be
farther from the cathode electrode than the gate electrode while comprising a second opening with a greater width than that
of the first opening; and

an anode electrode provided inside the vacuum container on another end thereof in a direction where the vacuum container is
extended,

wherein a height of the focusing electrode is identical to the width of the second opening, and
wherein the width of the first opening is ? or less of the second opening.

US Pat. No. 9,099,280

X-RAY TUBE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING X-RAY FOCAL SPOT USING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An X-ray tube comprising:
a cathode electrode disposed in a first end of a vacuum container and including an emitter emitting an electron;
a gate electrode disposed in the vacuum container and adjacent to the cathode electrode;
an anode electrode disposed in a second end of the vacuum container and inclined, at a point where the electron collides with
the anode electrode, along an inclined direction with respect to the cathode electrode;

a focusing electrode disposed in the vacuum container along an inner circumference surface of the vacuum container between
the gate electrode and the anode electrode; and

an opening formed in the focusing electrode,
wherein a plan cross section of the opening has a maximum width in the inclined direction and a minimum width different from
the maximum width, and

wherein the plan cross section of the opening has an elliptical shape.

US Pat. No. 9,085,140

ACTIVE CLICHE FOR LARGE-AREA PRINTING, MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE SAME, AND PRINTING METHOD USING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A nano-scale printing device, comprising:
a substrate;
first interconnection lines extending along a first direction, on the substrate;
an interlayered dielectric layer provided on the first interconnection lines to have holes partially exposing the first interconnection
lines;

second interconnection lines provided adjacent to the holes in the interlayered dielectric layer to cross the first interconnection
lines; and

wedge-shaped electrodes provided at intersections with the first and second interconnection lines and connected to the first
interconnection lines, wherein the wedge-shaped electrodes protrude upward at centers of the holes.

US Pat. No. 9,088,873

METHOD FOR ALLOCATING GROUP ADDRESS IN WIRELESS LOCAL NETWORK AREA, METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING RESPONSE REQUEST FRAME AND RESPONSE FRAME IN PLURALITY OF STATIONS, AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DATA USING GROUP ADDRESS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

9. A method for transmitting a response request frame requesting a plurality of stations to respond in a wireless local area
network (WLAN) system, the method comprising:
receiving information on the plurality of stations to be grouped;
generating a single response request frame including a multi receiving station indicator indicating that the response request
frame includes addresses of the plurality of stations in one of fields analyzable by the plurality of stations, and multi
receiving station information recorded with the received information; and

transmitting the single response request frame to the plurality of stations,
wherein the single response request frame includes fields including the addresses of the plurality of stations and the multi
receiving station information, and

wherein a response corresponding to the single response request frame is transmitted from each of a plurality of receiving
stations among the plurality of stations at a time corresponding to each of the plurality of receiving stations based on the
fields in order to prevent collision of the response transmitted from the plurality of receiving stations.

US Pat. No. 9,088,395

TRANSMITTER AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DATA BLOCK IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method of transmitting a data block in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:
determining a number of bits assigned to a single axis of a signal constellation, s, and a number of encoders, NES;

generating a coded block;
parsing the coded block to generate a plurality of frequency subblocks in unit of sNES bits;

if NCBPSS is not divisible by MsNES and there are residue bits of the coded block after parsing the coded block in unit of sNES bits, assigning the residue bits to the plurality of frequency subblocks in unit of s bits, where M denotes a number of the
plurality of frequency subblocks and NCBPSS denotes a number of coded bits per symbol per spatial stream; and

transmitting the plurality of frequency subblocks to a receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,083,360

LOCK DETECTER AND CLOCK GENERATOR HAVING THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A lock detector comprising:
a counter unit which counts a non-matching section of a first signal and a second signal to provide a count value, the first
signal and the second signal being comparison result signals obtained by comparing a phase of a reference signal with a phase
of a comparison signal, wherein the counter unit includes:

a first register that stores the count value in response to a delayed clock;
a first gate which determines the non-matching section of the first signal and the second signal and outputs a determination
result signal as a determination result; and

a first counter which counts a clock signal when the determination result signal of the first gate indicates a non-matching
state; and

a lock detection unit which outputs a lock detection signal based on a result of comparing the count value with a reference
value.

US Pat. No. 9,078,170

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NETWORK DISCOVERY

Futurewei Technologies, I...

1. A method for establishing a network connection, the method comprising:
determining, by a user equipment, a list of access networks detectable by the user equipment;
retrieving supplemental information associated with the user equipment from a scheduling program for managing a user's scheduled
appointments, wherein the supplemental information comprises:

appointment date;
appointment time; and
appointment location;
reducing, by the user equipment, the list of access networks to a list of preferred networks in accordance with the supplemental
information;

selecting, by the user equipment, a first candidate network from the list of preferred networks; and
attempting, by the user equipment, to connect to the first candidate network.

US Pat. No. 9,077,410

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF TRANSMITTING DATA IN MULTI-CARRIER SYSTEM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An apparatus for transmitting data in a multi-carrier system, the apparatus comprising:
a plurality of pulse-shaping filters for performing pulse shaping of incoming data symbols according to a set pulse-shaping
period; and

a plurality of frequency converters for converting signals that are pulse-shaped by the plurality of pulse-shaping filters
into signals with frequency bands for a plurality of subcarriers,

wherein the plurality of pulse-shaping filters each have different pulse-shaping periods.

US Pat. No. 9,075,870

SYSTEM, METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING RELATED TOPICS AND COMPETITION TOPICS BASED ON TOPIC TEMPLATES AND ASSOCIATION WORDS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A system for detecting related topics and competition topics for a target topic, the system comprising:
at least one computer hardware to implement:
an extractor configured to create topic templates and association words from documents created online to generate topic templates
and association words; and

a detector configured to detect and trace related topics and competition topics for the target topic based on the topic templates
for the target topic, the topic templates for the competition topics, and the association words,

wherein the competition topics are topics which compete with the target topic,
wherein the related topics are displayed depending on time and importance, and
wherein the related topics are topics that become issues among the association words of the target topic and ranked according
to a degree of becoming issues.

US Pat. No. 9,071,398

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMIT/RECEIVE OF IMAGE DATA

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for transmitting image data, the method comprising:
classifying each pixel of image data into upper bits and lower bits;
enabling the classified upper bits to be included in a payload of a Most Significant Bit (MSB) packet, and also enabling the
classified lower bits to be included in a payload of a Least Significant Bit (LSB) packet;

generating a header of the MSB packet and a header of the LSB packet, wherein the header of the MSB packet and the header
of the LSB packet include error correction code type information, MSB/LSB classification information, information about a
position on an image frame of image pixels included in the payload of each of the packets, and sequence information of an
image frame;

combining the payload and the header to respectively generate the MSB packet and the LSB packet; and
transmitting the generated MSB packet and the LSB packet.

US Pat. No. 9,060,186

AUDIENCE SELECTION TYPE AUGMENTED BROADCASTING SERVICE PROVIDING APPARATUS AND METHOD

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An augmented broadcast receiving terminal, comprising:
a receiving unit configured to receive broadcast contents, augmented contents, and metadata for an augmented broadcasting
service from a server; and

a displaying unit configured to process the augmented contents based on the metadata for the augmented broadcasting service
while playing the broadcast contents,

wherein the receiving unit updates corresponding augmented contents or receives a selection regarding whether the update is
to be performed from an audience when the augmented contents stored in a storage apparatus are included in a change in the
augmented contents verified from an augmented content server.

US Pat. No. 9,053,540

STEREO MATCHING BY CENSUS TRANSFORM AND SUPPORT WEIGHT COST AGGREGATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An image matching method, comprising:
generating a filtered left image and a filtered right image by performing bilateral filtering on a left image and a right
image;

calculating a census cost corresponding to pixels from the filtered images by performing a census transform on a window based
on a pixel of the filtered left image and a window based on a pixel of the filtered right image;

determining support weights of the left image and the right image;
obtaining a product of the calculated census costs and a sum of the determined support weights as energy values for match
nodes of a trellis structure used in dynamic programming for image matching, the match nodes corresponding to the pixel of
the filtered left image and the pixel of the filtered right image;

adjusting the obtained energy values based on the calculated census cost; and
performing image matching using dynamic programming with the obtained energy values.

US Pat. No. 10,089,300

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AMENDING LANGUAGE ANALYSIS ERROR

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

7. A computer-implemented method of amending a language analysis error, the method is performed by using one or more computer-executable modules which being configured and executed by a controller using algorithms associated with at least one non-transitory storage device, the algorithms, when executed, causing the controller to execute one or more analyzers and an amender, the method comprising:a main language analyzer comprising a plurality of language processing modules being sequentially connected to each other, and in response to receipt of an input of a document, generating, by the main language analyzer, a main analysis result for each processing module;
a subsidiary language analyzer comprising the plurality of language processing modules being sequentially connected in a same configuration as the main language analyzer, and in response to the document being input, generating, by the subsidiary language analyzer, a plurality of subsidiary analysis results for each of the plurality of language processing modules; and
in response to an error occurring in the main analysis result, by an analysis amender, acquiring a subsidiary analysis result corresponding to the main analysis result where the error occurs, and transmitting the subsidiary analysis result to the main language analyzer, wherein the main analysis result is substituted with the subsidiary analysis result by the main language analyzer and re-performing a language analysis, wherein the substitution is performed by the analysis result amender with the following procedures:
determining whether or not there is a contradiction between the main analysis results,
in response to detection of the contradiction, determining whether the error of the language processing modules causing the contradiction,
acquiring a subsidiary analysis result which being different from the main analysis result and
transmitting the subsidiary analysis result to the language processing modules of the main language analyzer.

US Pat. No. 10,057,451

ASTRAL LAMP DEVICE HAVING DETACHABLE AND ANGLE-CONTROLLABLE LED MODULE BLOCKS AND METHOD OF SETTING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An astral lamp device comprising:a plurality of light emitting diode (LED) module blocks respectively having first ends detachably coupled to and disposed on a central frame;
an angle control part configured to control an angle of each of the plurality of LED module blocks coupled to the central frame; and
a switching part configured to switch to one of a plurality of stabilizers in response to a setting signal, the setting signal indicating a number of the coupled LED module blocks, the switched one of the plurality of stabilizers having a preset amount of power that corresponds to the number of the coupled LED module blocks.

US Pat. No. 10,034,020

VIDEO DATA DECODING METHOD AND VIDEO DATA DECODING APPARATUS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for decoding video data comprising:receiving coded video data comprising video data and depth data corresponding to the video data;
acquiring motion data for inter-view prediction of a coding unit of the video data from the depth data;
performing inter-view prediction based on the motion data; and
reconstructing video data according to the video data comprising the coding unit and the depth data based on the inter-view prediction, the coding unit comprising at least one prediction block,
wherein the motion data for inter-view prediction of a prediction block of the video data is calculated using information derived from a depth map picture to which the coding unit refers, the information comprising the maximum value of depth values of the left uppermost position, right uppermost position, left lowermost position, and right lowermost position of a corresponding unit of the depth map picture to which the coding unit refers, and
where, in response to the coding unit comprising prediction blocks for which the inter-view predication is applied, the maximum value is shared in the prediction blocks for the motion data calculation of inter-view prediction.

US Pat. No. 10,025,364

GPU POWER MEASURING METHOD OF HETEROGENEOUS MULTI-CORE SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for measuring power of a graphics processing unit in an embedded device including a central processing unit, the method comprising:changing a utilization of the graphics processing unit through an application programming interface (API) being executed on the central processing unit;
measuring and storing the utilization and a driving frequency of the graphics processing unit for each trace time;
measuring and storing power consumption of the graphics processing unit for each trace time;
synchronizing the utilization of the graphics processing unit with the power consumption according to a stored trace time, and calculating a power coefficient for each driving frequency with reference to synchronized information; and
estimating a real-time power consumption of the graphics processing unit (GPU) using the power coefficient corresponding to a real-time driving frequency, a real-time utilization, and a static power.

US Pat. No. 9,900,889

TERMINAL AND METHOD FOR ALLOCATING RESOURCE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method for allocating a resource of a terminal, the method comprising:
receiving downlink data through a downlink sub-frame according to a frame configuration from a base station; and
allocating a resource for a device-to-device communication to at least one uplink sub-frame according to the frame configuration
by considering a hybrid ARQ (HARQ) transmission delay with respect to the received downlink data,

wherein the HARQ transmission delay is defined by a time or a number of sub-frames to an initial sub-frame that can be retransmitted,
after transmitting ACK/NACK with regard to the downlink data reception, and

wherein the resource for the device-to-device communication is allocated to uplink sub-frames#3 and 8 when the frame configuration is 0 or 1, the resource for the device-to-device communication is allocated to uplink sub-frames#2 and 7 when the frame configuration is 2, the resource for the device-to-device communication is allocated to an uplink sub-frame#3 when the frame configuration is 3 or 4, the resource for the device-to-device communication is allocated to the uplink sub-frame#2 when the frame configuration is 5, or the resource for the device-to-device communication is allocated to the uplink sub-frame#8 when the frame configuration is 6.

US Pat. No. 9,857,870

METHOD OF ACQUIRING GAZE INFORMATION IRRESPECTIVE OF WHETHER USER WEARS VISION AID AND MOVES

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A gaze tracking apparatus comprising:
a lighting element unit comprising a first infrared lighting element and a second infrared lighting element to radiate an
infrared light to a user;

an image acquirer to acquire an eye image of the user, the eye image comprising a first corneal reflection light generated
by reflecting, to a pupil of the user, infrared light radiated from the first infrared lighting element, a second corneal
reflection light generated by reflecting, to the pupil of the user, infrared light radiated from the second infrared lighting
element, a first lens reflection light generated by reflecting, to a vision aid of the user, the infrared light radiated from
the first infrared lighting element, and a second lens reflection light generated by reflecting, to the vision aid of the
user, the infrared light radiated from the second infrared lighting element; and

a processor to eliminate the second lens reflection light when interference occurs between the second lens reflection light
and the first corneal reflection light or the second corneal reflection light in the acquired eye image, and to compute a
gaze position of the user based on user movement information, user calibration information, and coordinates of the first corneal
reflection light,

wherein the second lens reflection light is a lens reflection light obscuring a corneal reflection light or the pupil of the
user among a plurality of lens reflection lights generated by an infrared lighting element;

the second infrared lighting element is a lighting element causing the second lens reflection light; and
the processor controls an on/off state of the lighting element unit to search for the second infrared lighting element that
causes the second lens reflection light, removes the second infrared lighting element, and computes the gaze position of the
user based on the first reflected cornea light reflected by the first infrared lighting element.

US Pat. No. 9,736,484

APPARATUS FOR ENCODING AND DECODING IMAGE USING ADAPTIVE DCT COEFFICIENT SCANNING BASED ON PIXEL SIMILARITY AND METHOD THEREFOR

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A decoding apparatus comprising:
an entropy decoding hardware processor configured to perform entropy decoding of an encoded video information in a bitstream
to obtain transform coefficients;

a scanning decision hardware processor configured to select a scanning mode for the transform coefficients of a current block;
and

a video recovery hardware processor configured to scan the transform coefficients based on the selected scanning mode;
wherein the scanning decision hardware processor is further configured to select the scanning mode based on an intra prediction
mode of the current block, and

the scanning decision hardware processor is further configured to select a horizontal scanning mode as the scanning mode when
the intra prediction mode is a vertical intra prediction mode, and select a vertical scanning mode as the scanning mode when
the intra prediction mode is a horizontal intra prediction mode.

US Pat. No. 9,711,150

AUDIO ENCODING APPARATUS AND METHOD, AND AUDIO DECODING APPARATUS AND METHOD

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An audio encoding apparatus comprising:
one or more processors that process computer executable program code embodied in computer readable storage media, the computer
executable program code comprising:

input signal type determination program code that determines a type of an input signal input to the audio encoding apparatus;
residual signal generation program code that generates a residual signal based on an output signal from the input signal type
determination program code; and

coding unit program code that performs coding using the residual signal,
wherein the coding unit comprises a lossless coding unit to perform lossless coding using the residual signal and a lossy
coding unit to perform lossy coding using the residual signal.

US Pat. No. 9,660,190

METAL-INSULATOR TRANSITION (MIT) DEVICE MOLDED BY CLEAR COMPOUND EPOXY

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A metal-insulator transition (MIT) device comprising:
a MIT chip having a material causing a metal-insulator transition (MIT) phenomenon at a critical temperature; and
a clear compound epoxy which molds the MIT chip,
wherein:
the clear compound epoxy forms a clear compound epoxy layer including an inner surface which covers and faces the MIT chip
and an outer surface which faces an exterior; and

the MIT chip and the clear compound epoxy layer are formed into a package, such that the clear compound epoxy layer is an
outer layer of the package, defining the package as a separate device from the exterior.

US Pat. No. 9,686,711

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACTIVATING AND DEACTIVATING SERVING CELL

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method for activating and deactivating serving cells of at least one slave base station set in a terminal by a master
base station, comprising:
selecting a target serving cell in which a state is changed, among the serving cells of at least one slave base station set
in the terminal;

generating a MAC control element which instructs a state change of the target serving cell;
determining whether an uplink between a target slave base station managing the target serving cell and the terminal is in
a synchronous state or in an asynchronous state,

wherein in response to the uplink between the target slave base station and the terminal being in an asynchronous state, directly
transmitting the MAC control element to the terminal, and

wherein in response to the uplink between the target slave base station and the terminal being in a synchronous state, transmitting
the MAC control element to the terminal through the target slave base station.

US Pat. No. 9,602,131

BIT INTERLEAVER FOR LOW-DENSITY PARITY CHECK CODEWORD HAVING LENGTH OF 64800 AND CODE RATE OF 3/15 AND 16-SYMBOL MAPPING, AND BIT INTERLEAVING METHOD USING SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A bit group-unit interleaver, comprising:
a first memory configured to store a low-density parity check (LDPC) codeword having a length of 64800 and a code rate of
3/15;

a processor configured to generate an interleaved codeword by interleaving the LDPC codeword on a bit group basis, the size
of the bit group corresponding to a parallel factor of the LDPC codeword; and

a second memory configured to store the interleaved codeword corresponding to a modulator for 16-symbol mapping,
wherein the interleaving is performed using the following equation using permutation order:
Yj=X?(j)0?j?Ngroup
where X?(j) is a ?(j)th bit group (Xj is a j-th bit group), Yj is an interleaved j-th bit group, Ngroup is the number of bit groups obtained by dividing the LDPC codeword into the bit groups, and ?(j) is a permutation order for
bit group-based interleaving,

wherein the permutation order corresponds to an interleaving sequence represented by the following interleaving sequence:
{52 92 175 26 45 81 117 74 119 147 120 135 144 87 3 51 20 170 143 125 15 39 5 174 79 16 176 44 19 69 11 111 121 37 160 88
50 76 129 138 157 86 113 164 142 98 9 93 166 78 73 167 168 40 131 27 89 156 177 171 116 152 0 127 36 8 153 59 75 13 105 55
122 132 172 2 58 126 162 30 77 158 17 96 100 42 63 134 154 6 90 128 83 60 146 124 178 99 123 108 133 159 151 145 61 53 68
31 41 94 35 21 49 82 80 4 155 7 57 95 62 56 65 140 163 148 23 161 169 47 67 139 72 43 110 46 150 109 115 32 14 179 85 165
112 25 64 173 10 102 114 71 66 84 24 141 29 104 107 54 12 91 1 118 136 18 101 149 130 103 106 38 70 48 28 137 97 34 22 33},
and

wherein a modulated signal output from the modulator corresponds to a transmission signal, the transmission signal being transmitted
to a reception device.

US Pat. No. 9,601,112

SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM AND METHOD USING INCREMENTAL DEVICE-BASED ACOUSTIC MODEL ADAPTATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A speech recognition system using incremental device-based acoustic model adaptation comprising:
a model selector configured to select an acoustic model of a multi-model tree by verifying and categorizing a device key transmitted
from a user device;

a model manager configured to generate and incrementally adapt the multi-model tree by categorizing voice data based on the
device key; and

a speech recognizer configured to perform speech recognition based on the selected acoustic model and transmit data of which
reliability exceeds a predetermined threshold value to the model manager,

wherein the device key represents channel features of the user device, and
wherein the model manager comprises:
a device-based multi-model tree generating part configured to categorize the voice data based on the device key, extract features
therefrom and form the multi-model tree, the multi-model tree being categorized by the device key and comprising hierarchical
acoustic models, incremental data and device key trees;

a data incrementing part configured to receive data of which the reliability exceeds the predetermined threshold value from
the speech recognizer, increment phonetic information and data to the multi-model tree, evaluate a degree of the incremented
data of each node, and report a result of the evaluation to a model adaptation generating part when the degree exceeds a predetermined
reference value; and

the model adaptation generating part configured to incrementally adapt acoustic models corresponding to nodes where newly
adapted data from the multi-model tree exceeds the predetermined reference value by using the phonetic information transmitted
from the data incrementing part.

US Pat. No. 9,595,266

AUDIO ENCODING/DECODING DEVICE USING REVERBERATION SIGNAL OF OBJECT AUDIO SIGNAL

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An audio coding apparatus comprising:
an audio signal encoding unit to encode an audio signal and a rendering information; and
a bitstream transmission unit to convert the audio signal and the rendering information into a bitstream and transmit the
bitstream,

wherein the audio signal comprises a channel audio signal, an object audio signal, and a reverberation signal of the object
audio signal,

wherein the rendering information indicates sound scene information with respect to the object audio signal.

US Pat. No. 9,584,433

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD AND APPARATUS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A data transmission apparatus comprising:
a queue management unit to manage, using a processor, at least one queue in which information associated with at least one
buffer descriptor (BD) is stored;

a scheduler to estimate information to be transmitted among information associated with at least one media access control
(MAC) protocol data unit (MPDU) using at least one transmission bitmap (Tx bitmap), to obtain a maximum length of a physical
service data unit (PSDU) to be stored in a presentation protocol data unit (PPDU), and to set an aggregation flag until a
size of aggregation becomes less than the maximum length of the PSDU, using a processor;

a data transmitter to read the estimated information from information associated with a BD indicated in the at least one Tx
bitmap, and transmit the read information to a physical layer, using a processor; and

a physical layer management unit to generate information associated with PPDU based on the transmitted information, and transmit
the generated information over the air, using a processor,

wherein the at least one BD includes information associated with the at least one MPDU and the aggregation flag for a transmission
performed in a physical layer.

US Pat. No. 9,577,674

BIT INTERLEAVER FOR LOW-DENSITY PARITY CHECK CODEWORD HAVING LENGTH OF 64800 AND CODE RATE OF 2/15 AND 16-SYMBOL MAPPING, AND BIT INTERLEAVING METHOD USING SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A bit group-unit interleaver, comprising:
a first memory configured to store a low-density parity check (LDPC) codeword, the LDPC codeword having a length of 64800
bits and a code rate of 2/15;

a processor configured to generate an interleaved codeword by interleaving the LDPC codeword on a bit group basis, the size
of the bit group corresponding to a parallel factor of the LDPC codeword; and

a second memory configured to store the interleaved codeword corresponding to a modulator for 16-symbol mapping,
wherein the interleaving is performed using the following equation using permutation order:
Yj=X?(j) 0?j?Ngroup
where Xj is a j-th bit group, Yj is an interleaved j-th bit group, Ngroup is the number of bit groups obtained by dividing the LDPC codeword into the bit groups, and ?(j) is a permutation order for
bit group-based interleaving, and

wherein the permutation order corresponds to an interleaving sequence represented by the following equation:
interleaving sequence={5 58 29 154 125 34 0 169 80 59 13 42 77 167 32 87 24 92 124 143 114 120 166 138 64 136 149 57 18 101
119 35 33 113 75 108 104 3 27 39 172 159 129 62 146 142 19 147 111 70 74 79 10 132 1 161 155 90 15 133 47 112 84 28 160 117
150 49 7 81 44 63 118 4 158 148 82 69 36 162 86 71 22 26 61 40 126 170 177 23 91 68 56 110 21 93 107 85 20 128 109 66 83 12
179 141 97 78 157 72 130 99 165 45 11 152 168 14 16 2 137 140 121 173 50 55 94 144 73 51 98 174 178 17 100 9 122 54 38 156
131 127 164 102 116 176 30 37 139 95 43 135 53 89 106 171 76 175 153 96 151 115 52 6 123 134 31 103 163 65 105 48 25 8 60
67 88 46 41 145}.

US Pat. No. 9,568,899

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY CONFIGURING SENSOR TO CONFIGURE BUILDING ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An apparatus for automatically configuring a reference sensor, the apparatus comprising:
an information input unit to receive input of information on a building in which a building energy management system (BEMS)
is to be built, information on a reference sensor used to build the BEMS, and information on a budget allocated for building
the BEMS;

a sensor disposition unit to calculate a position at which the reference sensor is to be disposed in the building based on
the input information on the building, the reference sensor, and the allocated budget, and determine a position at which a
next sensor is to be disposed in four directions on a plane based on the calculated position at which the reference sensor
is to be disposed; and

a user interface unit to display the position at which the reference sensor is to be disposed,
wherein the sensor disposition unit comprises:
an entire region sensor disposition calculation module to calculate the position at which a sensor is to be disposed in an
entire region of the building based on the input information on the building and the information on the reference sensor;
and

a budget reflected sensor disposition position calculation module to calculate the disposed position for the sensor in the
building based on the input information on the building, the information on the reference sensor, and the information on the
allocated budget.

US Pat. No. 9,541,714

BIDIRECTIONAL OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER MODULE AND METHOD OF ALIGNING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A bidirectional optical transceiver module, comprising:
a package which has on one side a cavity that is inwardly recessed and through which a plurality of lead wires pass;
a platform which is mounted on the package;
a transmitter which is mounted on one side of the platform and generates output light according to an electric signal transmitted
through at least one of the plurality of lead wires;

a holder which includes the horizontal portion having a through-hole and disposed on the package to cover the cavity, and
the vertical portion which has the inclined surface on one side and a connection hole connected to the through-hole, and which
protrudes on the top of the horizontal portion;

a receiver which is mounted in the cavity, generates an electric signal that corresponds to input light that passes through
the through-hole and the connection hole to be incident into the cavity, and outputs the generated electric signal through
at least one of the plurality of lead wires; and

a wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) filter that is disposed on the inclined surface of the vertical portion to deliver
the output light toward an optical fiber and to deliver the input light toward the connection hole and the through-hole.

US Pat. No. 9,516,574

COMMUNICATION METHOD FOR A COORDINATOR, A RELAY DEVICE, A SOURCE DEVICE AND A DESTINATION DEVICE INCLUDED IN A WIRELESS NETWORK

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A communication method of a source station included in a wireless network, the method comprising:
performing beamforming with at least one relay station using a first resource which is assigned by a coordinator;
obtaining information associated with a result of the beamforming;
transmitting, to the coordinator, a request frame for performing beamforming in a link between the source station and a destination
station; and

performing beamforming with the destination station using a second resource which is assigned by the coordinator,
wherein the first resource is for performing beamforming in a link between the source station and the at least one relay station,
and the second resource is for performing beamforming in a link between the source station and the destination station.

US Pat. No. 9,516,592

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TRANSMISSION SCHEDULE FOR BUFFERED DATA IN WIRELESS LAN, AND TERMINAL FOR RECEIVING BUFFERED DATA BASED ON TRANSMISSION SCHEDULE IN WIRELESS LAN

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for controlling a transmission schedule of buffered data in a wireless local area network (WLAN), the apparatus
comprising:
a grouping unit to group terminals based on at least one of a service characteristic and a traffic characteristic of each
of the terminals;

a group information assigner to assign group information to each of the grouped groups to wake up in a different time; and
a transmitter to transmit at least one of group delivery traffic indication map (DTIM) information and the buffered data based
on the assigned group information,

wherein the transmitter inserts, into a beacon, a group DTIM descriptor element, and transmits the beacon, and
wherein the group DTIM descriptor element comprises a count value of a group counter decreasing per transmission interval
of a group DTIM and an offset value of an offset counter increasing per transmission interval of the beacon when the count
value becomes a preset value.

US Pat. No. 9,504,065

METHOD FOR PROTECTING OPPORTUNITY TO TRANSMIT DATA FRAME IN WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An access point for protecting transmission opportunity (TXOP) of a data frame in a wireless LAN system, comprising:
the access point configured to generate a data frame including a legacy-signal (L-SIG) field, and transmit the data frame
through at least one of a multi-user multi-antenna scheme and a multi-channel scheme;

wherein the L-SIG field is determined by transmission time (TXTIME) of a plurality of data units included in the data frame
corresponding to very high throughput (VHT)-mode packets based on a transmission scheme of a VHT mode,

wherein the TXTIME is determined by a total number of data symbols in a data field of the data frame.

US Pat. No. 9,470,783

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OBTAINING RADAR SIGNAL

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for obtaining a radar signal, the apparatus comprising:
a radar transmitter to radiate a plurality of split band penetration signals toward a target object; and
a radar receiver to receive a plurality of signals reflected from the target object, and to obtain a wideband response signal
using the plurality of reflected signals;

wherein the radar transmitter sets a channel to each of the plurality of split band penetration signals, converts a band of
each of the plurality of split band penetration signals to a different pass band corresponding to the set channel, and radiates
each of the plurality of split band penetration signals; and

wherein the radar transmitter converts the band of each of the plurality of split band penetration signals to the pass band
by up-converting the band of each of the plurality of split band penetration signals by a carrier frequency corresponding
to the set channel.

US Pat. No. 9,471,174

CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD OF ADDRESSING TWO-DIMENSIONAL SIGNAL

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A control apparatus for two-dimensionally addressing a signal, the apparatus comprising:
a control target,
a bottom electrode disposed under the control target;
a first electrode part disposed above the control target and arranged in a first direction; and
a second electrode part disposed above the control target and arranged in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction,
wherein the first electrode part and the second electrode part are configured to define a plurality of device cells at a plurality
of crossover points of the first and second electrode parts, and

wherein the second electrode part controls, according to a bias condition, a field applied to the control target by selectively
generating a field shielding effect at the plurality of crossover points.

US Pat. No. 9,438,002

LASER SYSTEM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A laser system comprising:
a laser device providing a laser pulse;
a pulse compressor;
a pulse stretcher disposed between the pulse compressor and the laser device and dispersing the laser pulse provided by the
laser device; and

a filament portion disposed between the pulse stretcher and the pulse compressor,
wherein the filament portion expands a spectrum of the laser pulse dispersed by the pulse stretcher by using self-focusing
and a filament phenomenon of the dispersed laser pulse, the filament portion comprises N-SF11.

US Pat. No. 9,432,594

USER RECOGNITION APPARATUS AND METHOD

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A user recognition apparatus comprising:
a visible-light image processing unit configured to acquire a visible-light image using a visible-light camera;
an infrared-light image processing unit configured to acquire an infrared-light image using an infrared-light camera;
a threshold value processing unit configured to remove a background of the infrared-light image using a brightness threshold,
and generate a clipped infrared-light image;

an optical flow processing unit configured to calculate an optical flow based on the clipped infrared-light image and the
visible-light image, and generate a clipped visible-light image based on the calculated optical flow, wherein the optical
flow processing unit extracts feature points of the user based on the clipped infrared-light image, and maps the extracted
user feature points to the visible-light image to calculate an optical flow; and

a visible light processing unit configured to recognize a user based on the clipped visible-light image.

US Pat. No. 9,424,857

ENCODING METHOD AND APPARATUS, AND DECODING METHOD AND APPARATUS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An encoding method of an encoder, the method comprising:
transforming an input signal to generate first modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT) coefficients;
quantizing the first MDCT coefficients to generate MDCT indices;
dequantizing the MDCT indices to generate second MDCT coefficients;
computing MDCT residual coefficients using differences between the first MDCT coefficients and the second MDCT coefficients;
encoding the MDCT residual coefficients to generate a residual index;
generating gain indices corresponding to gains from the first MDCT coefficients and the second MDCT coefficients; and
multiplexing the MDCT indices, the residual index, and the gain indices by a multiplexer to generate a bit stream,
wherein generating the residual index comprises selecting an index of a sub-band with a largest energy of MDCT residual coefficients
among a plurality of sub-bands, and

wherein encoding the MDCT residual coefficients comprises selecting a pulse at a position corresponding to a predetermined
number of MDCT residual coefficients, and generating the gain indices comprises computing exponents that are logarithms of
magnitudes of the second MDCT coefficients at positions excluding the position of the pulse.

US Pat. No. 9,420,469

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING ROGUE DEVICE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for identifying a rogue device, the apparatus comprising:
a sensor configured to collect media access control (MAC) addresses, received signal strength indicator (RSSI) values, and
radiofrequency (RF) feature values based on RF signals of wireless terminals;

an RF feature database configured to store the collected MAC addresses, RSSI values, and RF feature values; and
a terminal identifier configured to identify whether a MAC of any one of the wireless terminals is forged by comparing information
of the RF feature database with the RSSI value and the RF feature value of any one of the wireless terminals according to
a MAC verification request of any one of the wireless terminals from the sensor,

wherein the RF feature value includes at least one of error vector magnitude (EVM), in phase/quadrature (I/Q) offset, frequency
offset, and sync correlation,

wherein the wireless terminal is configured of at least one movable user terminal,
the sensor is registered with the MAC addresses of the movable wireless terminals, registered with positional information
for each measurement position of the wireless terminals, and extracts and collects the RSSI values and the RF feature values
within the RF signals from the wireless terminals at each measurement position, prior to requesting the MAC verification,
and

wherein the terminal identifier selects an EVM value having the highest possibility value based on the RSSI value and the
EVM value for the MAC address of any one of the wireless terminals within the RF feature database by receiving the MAC verification
request and identifies whether the MAC of any one of the wireless terminals is forged by comparing the selected EVM value
with the EVM value within the RF feature value from the sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,411,685

PARITY CHUNK OPERATING METHOD AND DATA SERVER APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING THE SAME IN DISTRIBUTED RAID SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A data server apparatus in an environment dividing data of a file by a chunk unit, constituting a stripe by calculating
a parity for a failure recovery, dispersedly storing a parity chunk and a data chunk included in the stripe in multiple data
servers, the apparatus comprising:
a communication unit for receiving the data chunk constituting the stripe;
a storage for storing the data chunk; and
a control unit for calculating a partial parity by performing an operation between a previous data chunk and an update data
chunk if the update data chunk is received, and transmitting the calculated partial parity to a data server which manages
the parity chunk constituting the stripe,

wherein the partial parity and the parity chunk are stored and managed in a same data server,
wherein each data chunk of the file and each parity chunk are stored in each different data server, and
wherein storing the data chunk in the storage and transmitting the partial parity to the data server which manages the parity
chunk constituting the stripe are performed by different processes in a same server.

US Pat. No. 9,413,492

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING DATA IN OPTICAL TRANSPORT NETWORK

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for transmitting client data in an optical transport network, comprising:
generating an optical transmission unit (OTU) frame including an in-band area including a first area to which payload data
and overheard of the payload data are allocated and a second area to which fixed stuff is allocated and an out-band area to
which FEC parity bits are allocated, the second area being located in 8 byte area between the first area of the in-band area
and the out-band area; and

transmitting the client data based on the OTU frame.

US Pat. No. 9,407,871

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING EYE-TO-EYE CONTACT FUNCTION

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method of controlling a teleconference for controlling an eye-to-eye contact function of a teleconference system, comprising:
generating gaze information about a local participant from an image obtained by a camera in real time;
generating positon information about eyes or a face of a remote participant displayed on a screen of a display device for
a teleconference from telepresence data received from a teleconference system of the remote participant through a network
in real time; and

determining whether to apply an eye-to-eye contact function to the image obtained by the camera by using the gaze information
about the local participant and the position information about the eyes or the face of the remote participant,

wherein the eye-to-eye contact function is not applied when the local participant looks at a point away from the remote participant,
using eye tracing for the local participant and the remote participant,

wherein the generating of the position information about the eyes or the face of the remote participant includes generating
coordinates relative to the camera or a predetermined reference point as the position information about the eyes or the face
of the remote participant, and

wherein the determining whether to apply the eye-to-eye contact function includes determining to apply the eye-to-eye contact
function when the local participant looks in a direction of a remote participant display region on the screen of the display
device according to the gaze information about the local participant, and the eyes of the remote participant face a front
side according to the position information about the eyes or the face of the remote participant.

US Pat. No. 9,408,137

DISCOVERY SIGNAL TRANSMITTED IN DIRECT COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING THE DISCOVERY SIGNAL

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method in which a first mobile device joining in device to device direct communication transmits a discovery signal,
the method comprising:
transmitting a first discovery signal for discovering a device using at least one of a plurality of discovery resources in
one of a plurality of discovery frames for device or service discovery included in an ultraframe, each discovery frame including
a plurality of discovery resources that belong to a same resource class of a plurality of resource classes, the plurality
of resource classes being periodically available with different cycles, each of the cycles being no smaller than a cycle of
the ultraframe; and

transmitting a second discovery signal for discovering a service using the ultraframe, wherein
the first and second discovery signals have a same format, and each include
a first field representing whether the first discovery signal is a signal for discovering a device or a signal for discovering
a service, and

a second field comprising one of device identifier information (Device ID) of the first mobile device and service information
of a service that the first mobile device provides according to a value of the first field, and

a time interval between each of the plurality of discovery frames corresponds to a length of a plurality of superframes.

US Pat. No. 9,399,527

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT SATELLITE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An apparatus for controlling a geostationary orbit satellite, the apparatus comprising:
a data processing unit to generate remote measurement data by measuring a state of a geostationary orbit satellite;
a signal transmitting/receiving unit to receive a remote command signal and to transmit the remote measurement data; and
a satellite control unit to control an orbit and a pose of the geostationary orbit satellite relative to inclined geosynchronous
space debris,

wherein the geostationary orbit satellite is maintained at a predetermined safe distance from the inclined geosynchronous
space debris when the inclined geosynchronous pace debris passes through an equatorial plane of earth,

wherein the satellite control unit controls a radial separation between the geostationary orbit satellite and the inclined
geosynchronous space debris to maintain the predetermined safe distance for collision avoidance when the inclined geosynchronous
space debris passes through the equatorial plane of the Earth, and

wherein the satellite control unit adjusts a velocity of the geostationary orbit satellite to maintain the predetermined safe
distance for collision avoidance between the geostationary orbit satellite and the inclined geosynchronous space debris.

US Pat. No. 9,397,744

METHOD FOR SENDING AND RECEIVING DATA ON A COOPERATIVE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM AND A COOPERATIVE COMMUNICATIONS METHOD

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A data transmission method of a source node in a cooperative communication system, comprising:
performing a beamforming to a relay node, including forming a first transmit antenna pattern of the source node such that
a first beam direction of an antenna of the source node is directed towards the relay node;

performing a beamforming to a destination node, including forming a second transmit antenna pattern of the source node such
that a second beam direction of the antenna of the source node is directed towards the destination node; and

transmitting, by the source node, data selectively to the relay node and to the destination node in two different time slots,
including

transmitting the data to the relay node in a first time slot, and
subsequently transmitting the data to the destination node, concurrently with a transmission of the data by the relay node
to the destination node, in a second time slot,

wherein the source node modulates the data using QPSK (quadrature phase shift keying) or 16 QAM (quadrature amplitude modulation),
and transmits the modulated data to the relay node in the first time slot,

wherein the relay node estimates the data received from the source node, encodes the estimated data, and transmits the encoded
estimated data to the destination node in the second time slot,

wherein the source node encodes the data, and transmits the encoded data to the destination node in the second time slot,
wherein the data and the estimated data are respectively encoded by the source node and the relay node and are transmitted
to the destination node in the second time slot,

wherein the data includes odd symbols and even symbols constituting the data,
wherein the odd symbols are derived by applying a conjugation to the even symbols, or the even symbols are derived by applying
a conjugation to the odd symbols, and

wherein the relay node transmits the data using FD (Full Duplex) or HD (Half Duplex).

US Pat. No. 9,396,722

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING SPEECH ENDPOINT USING WEIGHTED FINITE STATE TRANSDUCER

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for detecting a speech endpoint, comprising:
a voice-operated user interface to receive a speech signal using a speech input device;
a storage to store the speech signal received by the voice-operated user interface; and
a special purpose computer comprising at least one specially programmed processor to execute one or more programs to perform
speech recognition by detecting a speech endpoint of the speech signal, the at least one specially programmed processor comprising:

a speech decision portion configured to receive frame units of a feature vector converted from the speech signal and to analyze
and classify the received feature vector into a speech class or a noise class;

a frame level weighted finite state transducer (WFST) configured to receive the speech class and the noise class and to convert
the speech class and the noise class to a WFST format;

a speech level WFST configured to detect a speech endpoint by analyzing a relationship between the speech class and noise
class and a preset state;

a WFST combination portion configured to combine the frame level WFST with the speech level WFST; and
an optimization portion configured to optimize the combined WFST having the frame level WFST and the speech level WFST combined
therein to have a minimum route,

wherein the special purpose computer performs speech recognition based on the detected speech endpoint of the speech signal.

US Pat. No. 9,395,194

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING TILE-MAP USING ELECTRONIC NAVIGATION CHART

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A tile map generation apparatus comprising:
a storage to store image-based tile map data, vector-based tile map data, and extension additional data; and
a capable of performing operations comprising:
a first operation of adding at least one layer including at least one of national spatial information, marine spatial information,
and dynamic sensing information, setting a presentation order and presentation zoom level with respect to the at least one
added layer, and setting presentation style information with respect to the at least one added layer;

a second operation of setting environmental parameters of tiling for generation of a tile map;
a third operation of determining whether to express the at least one added layer, selecting at least one layer to be presented
at a tile scale level, selecting an object to be included in a tile region, and generating image-based tile map data, vector-based
tile map data, and extension additional data based on the selected object,

wherein the third operation includes generating the image-based tile map data, the vector-based tile map data, and the extension
additional data, corresponding to the tile region, and

wherein the vector-based tile map data is generated at a particular tile scale level only and
wherein the third operation comprises:
a first sub-operation of checking whether at least one layer is to be expressed, and selecting the at least one layer to be
presented at the tile scale level according to the presentation order;

a second sub-operation of selecting the object to be included in the tile region of the selected layer; and
a third sub-operation of determining presence of the object, and linking the extension additional data having a background
color as tile color information to tile map identification information when the object is absent or generating the image-based
tile map data and the vector-based tile map data by reflecting the set presentation style information when the object is present.

US Pat. No. 9,391,462

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM WITH WIRED AND WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSFER FUNCTION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An energy storage system provided with a wired and wireless energy transfer function, the energy storage system comprising:
an energy input unit to which energy generated from a plurality of energy sources is input;
an energy input control unit for selecting one energy source from among the plurality of energy sources, and transferring
energy of the selected energy source through operation in a wired operation mode or a wireless operation mode;

a wireless energy transmitting/receiving unit for wirelessly transmitting/receiving the energy of the selected energy source
during the operation in the wireless operation mode of the energy input control unit;

an energy storage/control unit for storing the energy of the selected energy source;
an energy output unit for consuming the energy stored in the energy storage/control unit; and
an energy output control unit for distributing the energy stored in the energy storage/control unit to the energy output unit,
wherein the energy input unit comprises an irregular self energy input source, an instable new renewable energy input source
and a regular base energy input source,

wherein the regular base energy input source is stable electric energy generated from a base electric energy source,
wherein energy from a selected one of the plurality of energy sources passes through the energy input control unit and/or
the wireless energy transmitting/receiving unit and is stored in the energy storage/control unit via the energy input control
unit in an indirect operation mode, and

wherein energy from a selected one of the plurality of energy sources is directly stored in the energy storage/control unit
by a control signal of the energy storage/control unit in a direct operation mode.

US Pat. No. 9,379,824

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR INTERFACING BETWEEN CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT AND MAIN MEMORY UNIT

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for interfacing between a central processing unit (CPU) and a main memory unit, the apparatus comprising:
a master optical connection protocol engine configured to convert operation control signals received from a shared cache memory
unit of the CPU into serial signals;

a first electrical-to-optical (E/O) converter configured to convert the serial signals converted by the master optical connection
protocol engine into optical signals;

a second E/O converter configured to convert the optical signals converted by the first E/O converter into electrical signals;
a slave optical connection protocol engine configured to convert the electrical signals converted by the second E/O converter
into operation control signals; and

a memory controller configured to access to the main memory unit based on the operation control signals converted by the slave
optical connection protocol engine.

US Pat. No. 9,369,512

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING STREAMING CONTENT

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A terminal providing media for a media presentation, comprising:
a processor;
memory;
program instructions stored in the memory and executable by the processor, the program instructions comprising:
an access engine to receive metadata of the media, to receive segments of the media based on information provided by the metadata,
and to decode data of the media that is included in the segments, the metadata comprising one or more periods; and

a media engine to receive the data of the media from the access engine, and to output the media, wherein each of the periods
comprises one or more representations of the media, wherein each of the representations starts from a beginning point of a
period and continues to an ending point of the period, and comprises one or more segments, wherein each one of the periods
is defined by a period element which includes a duration attribute indicating a duration of a period, and wherein the metadata
further comprises a period timeline element which includes a presentation timeline of periods of the media presentation,

wherein the each of the periods include a partial play attribute in the period timeline, and
wherein the partial play attribute allows portions of the each periods to be replayed one or more times.

US Pat. No. 9,361,591

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR BUILDING MAP OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION BASED ON PROPERTIES OF OBJECT AND SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for building a map of probability distribution, comprising:
a sensor information collector configured to collect sensor information from a plurality of physical sensors;
an object recognizer configured to recognize an object by integrating and inferring the sensor information, and to acquire
object information which is information about the object;

a probability distribution creator configured to determine whether to apply an object property model including at least one
of kinematic properties, shape properties, and probabilistic properties in correspondence to the object information, to acquire
object properties corresponding to the object information, and to create a probability distribution based on the object properties,
and

a database configured to store definition of the object, the object property model, and a system property model which is a
model about properties of a system,

wherein the probability distribution creator searches for the object information in the database to determine whether the
object corresponding to the object information has been defined in the database,

wherein the probability distribution creator acquires the object properties using the object property model if the object
information has been defined in the database, and creates the object properties using the object information of the recognized
object if the object information has not been defined in the database.

US Pat. No. 9,352,690

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING OBSTACLE ADAPTIVELY TO VEHICLE SPEED

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An apparatus for detecting an obstacle adaptively to vehicle speed, comprising:
a Global Positioning System (GPS) configured to generate information about a speed of a vehicle and a Pulse Per Second (PPS)
signal;

a speed-adaptive camera sensor configured to adjust a range of a detection region on an image of an area around the vehicle
captured by a camera based on the information about the speed of the vehicle, and to generate first detection data on the
obstacle within the range of the detection region using the PPS signal as a synchronization signal;

a speed-adaptive laser scanner sensor configured to adjust a range of an angle of a field of view of a laser scanner for detecting
the obstacle around the vehicle based on the information about the speed of the vehicle, and to generate second detection
data on the obstacle within the range of the angle of the field of view using the PPS signal as a synchronization signal;
and

a processor configured to:
receive, by a control unit, the information about the speed of the vehicle and the PPS signal from the GPS;
generate and output, by the detection data integration unit, obstacle detection data by integrating the first detection data
and the second detection data based on a first PPS delay signal and a second PPS delay signal,

wherein the obstacle detection data comprises integrating a plurality of pieces of detection data on detected objects around
the vehicle at the same time with respect the first detection data and the second detection data.

US Pat. No. 9,336,398

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANIFESTING EVENT TO VERIFY SECURITY OF MOBILE APPLICATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for manifesting an event to verify security of a mobile application, comprising:
a tester application production unit configured to produce a tester application for testing an application to be tested based
on application information which is extracted from the application to be tested;

a tester application execution unit configured to execute the application to be tested by manifesting an event included in
the extracted application information, and to extract a user view object output to a screen of a smart device when the application
to be tested is executed; and

a tester application daemon execution unit configured to generate a touch event based on the extracted user view object, and
to perform a screen change,

wherein the tester application daemon execution unit comprises:
a touch event generation unit configured to generate the touch event based on the extracted user view object, and to execute
the user view object;

a screen change detection unit configured to determine whether or not a screen change has occurred in the smart device after
the user view object has been executed; and

a screen change determination unit configured to determine whether or not to maintain a changed screen based on a predetermined
number of screen changes.

US Pat. No. 9,336,661

SAFETY COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A safety communication system, comprising:
a device configured to sense a risk situation;
a lighting crime prevention system configures to analyze risk situation data received from the device and including a position
ID to generate situation data; and

a lighting control system configured to control an operation of a lighting depending on the situation data,
wherein the lighting crime prevention system includes:
a risk situation detecting unit configured to extract the risk situation data received from the device and the position ID
of the lighting, track a route, and notify the risk situation data and route tracking information to one or more of a police
station, a public office, a security center, a control center, and the lighting control system;

a device detecting unit configured to update the information on the device; and
a risk situation data analyzing unit configured to analyze and store data based on information collected from the device,
generate a situation data schema, and track route data.

US Pat. No. 9,323,965

METHOD FOR CHOOSING RFID COMMUNICATION MODE AND RFID DEVICE WHICH SUPPORTS NEAR-FIELD AND FAR-FIELD COMMUNICATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of choosing a communication mode of a radio-frequency identification (RFID) device which supports both a near-field
communication mode and a far-field communication mode, comprising:
interrupting generation of a self radio-frequency (RF) field signal;
determining whether or not an external RF field signal for near-field communication is detected;
choosing the near-field communication mode upon determining that the external RF field signal for near-field communication
is detected;

generating a self RF field signal for far-field communication upon determining that the external RF field signal for near-field
communication is not detected;

determining whether or not a response signal to the self RF field signal for far-field communication is received;
choosing the far-field communication mode upon determining that the response signal is received; and
choosing the near-field communication mode upon determining that the response signal is not received.

US Pat. No. 9,319,127

METHOD OF RELAY BETWEEN DEVICES

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A data relay method enabling a terminal to relay data between a base station (BS) and at least one external terminal located
outside of a service area of the BS, the method comprising:
receiving a relay request from the BS;
when the relay request is accepted, relaying data between the BS and the at least one external terminal;
requesting handover with respect to the relay request from the BS; and
handing over the relay role to a relay terminal newly selected by the BS.

US Pat. No. 9,293,950

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A wireless power transmission apparatus, comprising:
a transmission resonator installed in one side wall within a specific space, a transmission feeding loop installed in the
one sidewall adjacent to the transmission resonator and configured to perform an impedance matching for the transmission resonator
and transmit and receive power between the transmission resonator, wherein the transmission resonator is configured to receive
and transmit power using the transmission feeding loop;

a relay resonator installed in another side wall within the specific space and configured to have a resonant frequency identical
with that of the transmission resonator and store energy in the specific space by generating mutual resonance through a resonance
characteristic with the transmission resonator; and

one or more reception resonators installed within the specific space and configured to have a resonant frequency identical
with that of the transmission resonator and receive the energy stored in the specific space, wherein none of the one or more
reception resonators have a feeding loop.

US Pat. No. 9,294,327

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING OFDM COMMUNICATION SIGNAL USING OFDM SYMBOL ESTIMATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for identifying an OFDM communication signal in an OFDM system using the estimation of an OFDM symbol, the method
comprising:
assuming an NFFT, in the OFDM communication signal where at least one CP (Cyclic Prefix) is arranged at an interval of the
NFFT which is a length of an FFT symbol, to be nfft which is a value in a set of possible numbers;

estimating an NPREFIX, which is a length of the CP, with respect to the assumed nfft and setting the estimated NPREFIX to
be an e_prefix(nfft);

measuring a confidence of the e_prefix(nfft);
performing said estimating, said setting and said measuring with respect to all nffts in the set of possible numbers inclusive
of the NFFT;

selecting an e_prefix(nfft) having the highest confidence and an nfft having the highest e_prefix(nfft) in accordance with
a result of said performing operation; and

estimating the selected e_prefix(nfft) and the nfft to be the length of the CP and the length of the FFT, respectively, and
identifying the kind of the OFDM communication signal based on the estimated lengths of the CP and FFT.

US Pat. No. 9,294,135

DIGITAL RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) RECEIVER

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A digital RF receiver comprising:
an antenna unit configured to output a signal received at an antenna;
a radio frequency (RF) unit configured to convert the received signal into a digital reception signal, and output the digital
reception signal; and

a digital front end (DFE) unit configured to perform a decimation process for the digital reception signal and remove an interference
signal component of a contiguous band,

wherein variables of an input sampling rate, a carrier frequency and a bandwidth are established in the RF unit, and
wherein variables of an output sampling rate, a bandwidth, an inter frequency (IF), an integer decimation rate and a rational
decimation rate are established in the DFE unit.

US Pat. No. 9,288,491

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING REFERENCE UNIT

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An inter prediction method performed by a decoding apparatus, comprising:
selecting candidate units among reconstructed neighboring units adjacent to a decoding target unit, the candidate units belong
to a same picture as the decoding target unit;

generating a candidate unit set for the decoding target unit using the selected candidate units;
determining, based on a reference unit identifier, a reference unit among the candidate units configuring the generated candidate
unit set, the reference unit identifier being representative of index information which is signaled to indicate that a sequence
or a position of the reference unit among the candidate units in the candidate unit set; and

performing inter prediction on the decoding target unit using motion information of the determined reference unit,
wherein the reconstructed neighboring units include an upper neighboring unit adjacent to an upper portion of the decoding
target unit, a left neighboring unit adjacent to the left of the decoding target unit, a right upper corner unit positioned
at a right upper corner of the decoding target unit, a left upper corner unit positioned at a left upper corner of the decoding
target unit, and a left lower corner unit positioned at a left lower corner of the decoding target unit.

US Pat. No. 9,276,850

PACKET PROCESSING DEVICE FOR IP-BASED INFORMATION-CENTRIC NETWORK

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A packet processing device for an IP-based information-centric network (ICN), the device comprising:
a packet transceiver configured to transmit and receive packets;
a packet processing unit configured to process a transmitted or received packet including a forwarding identifier that identifies
information present in the ICN and corresponds to an IP address of a network node holding the information, and at least one
sub-identifier that identifies child information of the information; and

an information register configured to register a plurality of forwarding identifiers,
wherein the packet processing unit requests the forwarding identifier included in a registry registration request packet to
be registered in the information register and forwards the registry registration request packet to a registry server through
the packet transceiver when the registry registration request packet including the forwarding identifier and a corresponding
IP address is received from an application layer through the packet transceiver, and

wherein the forwarding identifier is used to forward packets.

US Pat. No. 9,261,585

RADAR APPARATUS USING IMAGE CHANGE DETECTOR AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A radar apparatus, comprising:
a clutter analysis unit configured to analyze a clutter value of a signal that is received by a reception unit;
a screen change detection unit configured to calculate a screen change time up to a time at which a screen has been changed
from an image captured by an imaging apparatus;

a representative value acquisition unit configured to acquire a representative value based on a plurality of clutter values
analyzed for the screen change time by the clutter analysis unit; and

a target detection unit configured to determine the signal to be a target signal if a size of the signal is larger than both
the clutter value and representative value of the signal.

US Pat. No. 9,258,239

METHOD FOR MANAGING AND SHARING SYMMETRIC FLOW AND ASYMMETRIC FLOW IN DUPLEXED NETWORK

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A network duplexing apparatus comprising:
a plurality of network interface units, each of which is configured to generate and store information of a flow flowing in
a network interface unit when the information of the flow is not generated, and, when the flow corresponds to an asymmetric
flow, provide the information of the flow to a master unit and request information of an opposite side flow of the flow from
the master unit to receive the requested information; and

the master unit communicating with the plurality of network interface units and configured to store the information of the
flow provided from a first network interface unit among the plurality of network interface units, determine whether the information
of the opposite side flow provided from a second network interface unit among the plurality of network interface units is
stored, and provide the information of the opposite side flow to the first network interface unit when the information of
the opposite side flow is stored,

wherein the plurality of network interface units are network interface cards equipped in each corresponding slot of a board,
and the master unit comprises a central processing unit (CPU), and

wherein the asymmetric flow is performed through the first and second network interface units.

US Pat. No. 9,251,799

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING AND DECODING AUDIO SIGNAL USING ADAPTIVE SINUSOIDAL CODING

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for encoding an audio signal, comprising:
receiving a transformed audio signal;
dividing the transformed audio signal into a plurality of sub-bands;
calculating, by a processor, energy of each of the sub-bands;
selecting, by the processor, a predetermined number of sub-bands in order of a large amount of energy of the sub-bands; and
performing sinusoidal coding with regard to the selected sub-bands, wherein the performing sinusoidal coding with regard to
the selected sub-bands comprises:

selecting the selected sub-bands as a search track for the sinusoidal coding based on the amount of energy of the sub-bands;
and

performing the sinusoidal coding with regard to the search track.

US Pat. No. 9,232,505

METHOD OF GENERATING PACKET, METHOD OF TRANSMITTING PACKET, AND METHOD OF RANGING OF PHYSICAL LAYER TRANSMITTER OF WIRELESS PERSONAL AREA NETWORK SYSTEM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method of generating a packet of a physical layer transmitter of a wireless personal area network (WPAN) system that
operates a WPAN service in TV white space (TVWS), the method comprising:
forming a preamble;
forming a start frame delimiter (SFD) that is positioned after the preamble and that represents the start of a frame;
forming a first physical layer header that is positioned after the SFD; and
forming a physical layer service data unit (PSDU) that is positioned after the first physical layer header,
wherein the forming of a first physical layer header comprises inserting a ranging packet identification bit representing
whether a packet is a ranging packet for ranging and a parity bit into the first physical layer header.

US Pat. No. 9,231,275

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SULFIDE-BASED SOLID ELECTROLYTE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for manufacturing a sulfide-based solid electrolyte, the method comprising:
preparing a precursor comprising lithium sulfide, germanium sulfide, aluminum sulfide, phosphorus sulfide, and sulfur;
conducting a mixing process of the precursor to prepare a mixture; and
crystallizing the mixture to form a compound represented by Li9.7Al0.3Ge0.7P2S12.

US Pat. No. 9,231,372

SEMICONDUCTOR LASER AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of fabricating a semiconductor laser, the method comprising:
providing a semiconductor substrate including a first region and a second region;
forming a silicon single crystal layer in the second region of the semiconductor substrate by using a selective epitaxial
growth process;

forming an optical coupler by using the silicon single crystal layer; and
forming a laser core structure including a germanium single crystal layer in the first region of the semiconductor substrate
by using a selective epitaxial growth process,

wherein the semiconductor substrate comprises a silicon substrate, an upper silicon layer on the silicon substrate, and a
buried oxide layer between the silicon substrate and the upper silicon layer,

wherein forming the optical coupler by using the silicon single crystal layer comprises:
forming an upper optical coupler by dry etching the silicon single crystal layer; and
forming a lower optical coupler by dry etching the upper silicon layer of the second region, and
wherein the upper optical coupler and the lower optical coupler are formed to overlap each other in a plan view.

US Pat. No. 9,226,229

METHOD FOR INTERNET PROTOCOL-BASED SLEEP MODE CONTROL USING SYNCHRONIZATION INFORMATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for Internet Protocol (IP)-based sleep mode control using synchronization information, the method being performed
by IP-based hosts in a network including a sleep mode control network including the internal hosts and an internal router
responsible for communication of the internal hosts, and also including an external router connected to the internal router
responsible for communication of the sleep mode control network, IP-based external hosts connected via the external router,
and a base station configured to provide a synchronization signal, the method comprising:
setting some of the IP-based internal hosts of the sleep mode control network to a sleep mode;
providing, by the base station, a synchronization signal with respect to the overall network, thereby transferring synchronization
information of a PHY/MAC layer based on a response thereto to the internal router; and

updating, by the internal router having received the synchronization information of the network layer from the base station,
a state of the corresponding hosts to a sleep mode, and then transmitting, by the internal router, information about the internal
hosts in a sleep mode to the external hosts of a history information list because the internal router stores history information
of the external hosts that have communicated with the internal hosts in a sleep mode in a list form.

US Pat. No. 9,210,429

ENCODER OF E-8VSB FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION FOR DIGITAL TELEVISION SYSTEM OF ATSC

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...


US Pat. No. 9,204,171

METHOD FOR ENCODING AND DECODING IMAGES BASED ON CONSTRAINED OFFSET COMPENSATION AND LOOP FILTER, AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An apparatus for decoding a video, the apparatus comprising:
a decoder to decode:
a constrained offset compensation indicator indicating whether at least one of a picture, a tile, and a coding unit (CU) supports
constrained offset compensation,

a sample adaptive offset (SAO) compensation indicator indicating whether to perform SAO compensation, and decode an SAO parameter;
and

a filter unit to perform SAO compensation on a target sample within a target block of a reconstructed video based on the SAO
compensation indicator and the SAO parameter, wherein the filter unit determines an offset category for the SAO compensation
based on the constrained offset compensation indicator and encoding parameters of the target block of SAO compensation and
at least one of neighboring blocks of the target block when an edge offset is applied to the offset compensation target sample
within the target block,

wherein the SAO parameter comprises at least one of an offset type, an offset category information, an offset value and an
offset sign, wherein the offset type specifies whether the edge offset is applied to the offset compensation target sample
or a band offset is applied to the offset compensation target sample and the offset category information specifies the offsets
classified according to locations of two neighboring samples of the offset compensation target sample.

US Pat. No. 9,201,425

HUMAN-TRACKING METHOD AND ROBOT APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

5. A human-tracking robot apparatus comprising:
an input unit configured to provide a color image and a depth image about a user who is a tracking target;
a control unit configured to track the user based on the provided color image and depth image;
a storage unit configured to store the provided color image and depth image and information generated when tracking the user;
and

a movement platform unit configured to control movement of the robot apparatus to a location of the user tracked by the control
unit wherein the control unit receives an image frame including the color image and the depth image, determines whether user
tracking was successful in a previous image frame, and determines the location of the user and a goal position to which the
robot apparatus is to move based on the color image and the depth image in the image frame when user tracking succeeds, and

wherein the control unit detects the user from the image frame and determines the location of the user and the goal position
to which the robot apparatus is to move, when user tracking failed in the previous image frame.

US Pat. No. 9,204,390

ENERGY-SAVING MOBILE NODE CONTROL METHOD USING WIRELESS MULTI-INTERFACES

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An operating method of a node control apparatus connected to an external Internet Protocol (IP) network and a local network,
the operating method comprising:
managing information relating to a plurality of mobile nodes in the local network, each equipped with one or more wireless
interfaces;

configuring one or more groups by classifying the plurality of mobile nodes according to the type(s) of the wireless interface(s)
of each of the plurality of mobile nodes;

selecting a representative node for each of the groups by:
calculating an importance score of each of the mobile nodes in each of the groups by using a summation of weighted factors
that affect the performance of a wireless interface; and

selecting and maintaining a node with a highest importance score from each of the groups as the representative node,
allowing one or more member nodes of each of the groups to communicate with the external IP network via their representative
node.

US Pat. No. 9,197,095

WIRELESS POWER CHARGING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CHARGING THE APPARATUS

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A wireless power charging apparatus comprising:
at least one wireless power transmitter to supply power to at least one wireless power receiving apparatus;
a location recognizer to recognize location information of the at least one wireless power receiving apparatus; and
a controller to select at least one of the at least one wireless power transmitter based on the location information, and
control the at least one selected wireless power transmitter to supply power to the at least one wireless power receiving
apparatus,

wherein the controller analyzes at least one of charging efficiency and a body harm rate of the at least one wireless power
transmitter based on the location information, and selects at least one of the at least one wireless power transmitter based
on an analysis result.

US Pat. No. 9,197,908

METHOD FOR FILE FORMATION ACCORDING TO FREEVIEW AV SERVICE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method performed by an apparatus for a user to select a desired freeview audio/video (AV) scene from a file created by
a computer-based freeview AV service, the method comprising:
creating, by a file header unit, a file header that includes content related information, AV object related information, preset
related information, and preset information with at least one constant preset and at least one variable preset;

creating, by an audio object information storage unit, at least one audio object information associated with at least one
audio object;

creating, by a video object information storage unit, at least one video object information associated with at least one video
object; and

processing the file header, the audio object information, and the video object information into a preset format of a single
freeview AV file to store the processed preset format of the freeview AV file,

wherein the preset information comprises viewpoints of video objects and a location or size of audio objects and the preset
information is used to construct the freeview AV scene,

wherein the user is able to select a viewpoint on the apparatus by controlling the viewpoint of the video object and the location
or the size of the audio object through changing the at least one variable preset.

US Pat. No. 9,196,946

RESONATOR AND BIOSENSOR SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A resonator comprising:
a conductor including an arc part, which has a C shape, and outer parts, which respectively extend outward from both ends
of the arc part, such that the conductor has an omega shape as a whole;

a dielectric substrate disposed below the conductor; and
a high-dielectric pattern disposed between the outer parts of the conductor,
wherein the high-dielectric pattern has a relative permittivity greater than a relative permittivity of the dielectric substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,197,851

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MODULATING IMAGES FOR VIDEOTELEPHONY

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An apparatus for modulating images for videotelephony, the apparatus comprising:
a sensor image matching unit configured to collect an image from at least one sensor or camera and generate image information;
an image analysis unit configured to analyze the image information and generate object and background region information;
a calling mode determination unit configured to detect an event using the object and background region information and determine
a calling mode based on the event; and

an image modulation unit configured to modulate the image according to the calling mode and generate a modulated image,
wherein the calling mode comprises a privacy calling mode of performing calling with a modulated image where a background
region is masked, an all secured calling mode of performing calling with a modulated image where all regions of the image
are masked, and a partially secured calling mode of performing calling with a modulated image where a part of the background
region is masked.

US Pat. No. 9,191,054

MOBILE COMMUNICATION TERMINAL DEVICE EQUIPPED WITH REPLACEABLE COMMUNICATION MODULE AND BACK COVER THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A mobile communication terminal device, comprising:
a host processor configured to control and operate the mobile communication terminal device;
a baseband processing unit configured to process a mobile communication protocol; and
a radio frequency (RF) signal processing unit configured to wirelessly communicate with a mobile communication network,
wherein the host processor, the baseband processing unit and the RF signal processing unit are implemented as modules that
are attachable to or detachable from a printed circuit board (PCB) of the mobile communication terminal device.

US Pat. No. 9,189,370

SMART TERMINAL FUZZING APPARATUS AND METHOD USING MULTI-NODE STRUCTURE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A smart terminal fuzzing method using a multi-node structure, comprising:
generating, by a smart terminal fuzzing apparatus, a plurality of fuzzing nodes that are to perform fuzzing on a plurality
of smart terminals, respectively;

making a connection to a fuzzing client corresponding to the plurality of fuzzing nodes;
creating fuzzing commands to be transmitted to the plurality of smart terminals;
distributing the fuzzing commands to the plurality of fuzzing nodes connected to the fuzzing client depending on a distribution
algorithm; and

performing control such that fuzzing is performed by the plurality of fuzzing nodes in compliance with the fuzzing commands
through the fuzzing client,

wherein distributing the fuzzing commands to the fuzzing nodes is configured to check a number of the fuzzing nodes connected
to the fuzzing client and distribute the fuzzing commands to the fuzzing nodes depending on the distribution algorithm, and

wherein the distribution algorithm is an algorithm for distributing fuzzing areas depending on the fuzzing client, and is
configured to set a sequence of distributed fuzzing areas and distribute the fuzzing areas to the fuzzing nodes according
to the set sequence.

US Pat. No. 9,189,165

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEMORY MANAGEMENT

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for memory management, comprising:
allocating an empty page of a physical memory for reference data according to execution of an application program, and mapping
the empty page to a virtual memory;

checking a physical address of the physical memory to which the reference data has been loaded;
mapping the checked physical address to the virtual memory to which the empty page has been mapped, and mapping the reference
data; and

releasing allocation of the allocated physical memory when the reference data is mapped to the virtual memory.

US Pat. No. 9,181,278

METHOD OF PREPARING CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITE SURFACE HAVING METAL PARTICLES

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of preparing a carbon nanotube composite, comprising:
treating a surface of a carbon nanotube composite with an acid;
introducing an acylhalide group to the acid-treated surface to cause a reaction of the acid-treated surface and the acylhalide
group,

wherein the acylhalide group is selected from the group consisting of thionyl chloride and phosphorus chloride;
introducing a polysiloxane having amine end groups and at least one other functional group to the acylhalide group on the
carbon nanotube composite to allow one of the amide end groups of the polysiloxane to bond to the acylhalide group on the
surface of the carbon nanotube composite;

curing the carbon nanotube composite at a temperature of 260 to 300° C.; and
introducing a precursor solution of metal nanoparticles to the surface to cause a reaction between the metal nanoparticles
and the at least one other functional group of the polysiloxane, thereby bonding the metal nanoparticles to the surface of
the carbon nanotube composite via the at least one other functional group,

wherein the precursor solution of metal nanoparticles is a silver nitrate solution, and
wherein the polysiloxane includes a compound of the following Chemical Formula:

wherein, n is an integer of 1 to 10,
R1 and R6 are independently hydrogen or a C1-C3 alkyl, and

R2, R3, R4, and R5 are independently a C1-C3 alkyl or phenyl.

US Pat. No. 9,185,236

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VISUALIZING RECORD DATA

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method for visualizing record data with a mobile forensic device for collecting and managing the record data including
partner information when an event occurs, the method comprising:
calculating an event occurrence frequency for each partner information using the collected record data;
classifying the partner information on the basis of a grade according to the calculated event occurrence frequency;
generating graphic data showing a relation between the partner information and user information of a mobile terminal on the
basis of the classified grade;

displaying the graphic data; and
in response to specific partner information being selected in the displayed graphic data, requesting graphic data for the
selected partner information from the outside and receiving the requested graphic data;

analyzing associations between the received graphic data and the displayed graphic data to extract common relation information
between the partner and the user; and

generating and displaying an extended graphic data including the common relation information.

US Pat. No. 9,166,011

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE HAVING STABLE GATE STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:
a source electrode and a drain electrode, which are spaced apart from each other on a substrate; and
a gate electrode including a gate head positioned between the source electrode and the drain electrode, and a first gate foot
positioned at under the gate head and a second gate foot connected with the first gate foot and having a larger length than
that of the first gate foot.

US Pat. No. 9,164,238

OPTICAL COUPLER HAVING SELF-FOCUSING REGION AND ARRYED-WAVEGUIDE GRATING STRUCTURE INCLUDING THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A coupler comprising:
a lower clad layer disposed in a slab wave guide region, a tapering region, a straight region, and a self-focusing region
that are arranged in the order of the slab waveguide region, the tapering region, the straight region, and the self-focusing
region;

a core disposed on the lower clad layer and comprising a slab and a plurality of ribs; and
an upper clad disposed on the core,
wherein the slab includes:
a first portion disposed in the slab waveguide region; and
a second portion disposed adjacent to the first portion and in the tapering region and the straight region,
wherein the ribs include:
lower ribs defined by trenches formed in the self-focusing region; and
upper ribs disposed on the lower ribs, respectively, and
wherein the trenches in the self-focusing region are configured to focus an optical signal provided from the slab waveguide
region to reduce scattering of the optical signal.

US Pat. No. 9,153,407

X-RAY TUBE

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An X-ray tube comprising:
a first housing including an X-ray window formed therein;
a second housing being rotatable about a rotational shaft installed within the first housing;
an anode installed on the rotational shaft within the second housing and positioned in one side of the rotational shaft in
an extending direction of the rotational shaft;

an emitter installed on the rotational shaft within the second housing, positioned in the other side of the rotational shaft
in the extending direction of the rotational shaft, and emitting electron beams;

a lens unit installed between the anode and the emitter and focusing the electron beams emitted from the emitter to the anode;
and

an electron beam deflection unit installed on the rotational shaft to deflect an angle of electron beams moving toward the
anode from the lens unit.

US Pat. No. 9,148,227

REFLECTIVE COLORLESS OPTICAL TRANSMITTER

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A reflective colorless optical transmitter receiving a carrier signal, which is a continuous wave, and outputting a modulated
optical signal, comprising:
a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) amplifying an input carrier signal to allow the input carrier signal to have a gain;
an optical modulator connected to the SOA and outputting a modulated optical signal;
a high reflectivity facet reflecting the modulated optical signal from the optical modulator; and
a Bragg reflection mirror connected to the high reflectivity facet, the optical modulator, and the SOA in series,
wherein a Bragg resonator is formed by the Bragg reflecting mirror and the high reflectivity facet.

US Pat. No. 9,143,798

APPARATUS FOR CODING OR DECODING INTRA IMAGE BASED ON LINE INFORMATION OF REFERENCE IMAGE BLOCK

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method of decoding an image, the method comprising:
selecting reference pixels of a predetermined direction from pixels neighboring a target image block;
generating waveform information that represents differences between the selected reference pixels;
generating prediction pixel values for pixels in the target image block based on the waveform information; and
outputting pixel values of the pixels in the target image block based on the prediction pixel values;
wherein the reference pixels of the predetermined direction are selected pixels from reference image blocks neighboring the
target image block; and

the generating of the waveform information comprises generating the waveform information based on the selected pixels.

US Pat. No. 9,136,612

FRONT-END APPARATUS OF WIRELESS TRANSCEIVER USING RF PASSIVE ELEMENTS

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A front-end apparatus of an RF transceiver using radio-frequency passive elements, comprising:
a plurality of band pass filters configured to band-pass filter a transmission signal and a reception signal in transmission
and reception frequency bands corresponding thereto, respectively;

a first circulator configured to output a first transmission signal input into a first terminal to a second terminal and output
a second reception signal input into the second terminal to a third terminal;

a second circulator configured to output a second transmission signal input into the first terminal to the second terminal
and output a first reception signal input into the second terminal to the third terminal;

a passive directional double pole and double throw switch configured to process a route to be changed depending on directions
of an input and an output with circulators provided in four input/output terminals, respectively;

a first antenna configured to transmit the first transmission signal switched through the passive directional double pole
and double throw switch to a wireless channel; and

a second antenna configured to transmit the second transmission signal switched through the passive directional double pole
and double throw switch to the wireless channel.

US Pat. No. 9,136,917

SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING INTER CELL INTERFERENCE IN CELLULAR MOBILE SYSTEM

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An operation method of a serving cell to control interference between the serving cell and a cooperation cell, the method
comprising:
determining the cooperation cell among neighboring cells of the serving cell;
transmitting information on the cooperation cell to a terminal belonging to the serving cell;
receiving, from the terminal, desired PMI (Precoding Matrix Indicator) information or undesired PMI information generated
based on the information on the cooperation cell; and

transmitting the desired PMI information or the undesired PMI information to the cooperation cell,
wherein the desired PMI information indicates PMI which is to be used by the cooperation cell and the undesired PMI information
indicates PMI which is not to be used by the cooperation cell.

US Pat. No. 9,136,941

OPTICAL LAYER MONITORING APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An optical layer monitoring apparatus in a passive optical network (PON), comprising:
an optical time domain reflectometer (OTDR) signal transceiver unit that transmits an OTDR signal that is a monitoring signal
to an optical path, and receives the OTDR signal backscattered or reflected from the optical path; and

an OTDR signal processing unit that distributes a received power monitoring section of the received OTDR signal, measures
reverse diffusion energy of each of reception pulse trains for each received power monitoring section, and adds the measured
reverse diffusion energy of each of the reception pulse trains, while processing the OTDR signal transmitted or received through
the OTDR signal transceiver unit,

wherein the OTDR signal processing unit determines an adjacent peak point by sampling the added reverse diffusion energy of
each of the reception pulse trains, and decomposes the reception pulse trains with reference to the determined adjacent peak
point.

US Pat. No. 9,135,925

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF ENHANCING QUALITY OF SPEECH CODEC

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for improving speech signal of a speech codec comprising, wherein the speech codec includes a low-band codec:
an energy calculation unit configured to calculate an energy of the speech signal decoded by the low-band codec:
a scaling unit configured to scale the size of the decoded speech signal by a gain that is less than 1; and
wherein the gain is based on energies of current and previous frames of the low-band decoded speech signal,
wherein the scaling unit determines whether to perform scaling based on the power of a low-band and high-band decoded speech
signal,

wherein the low-band decoded speech signal is a signal decoded by a low-band codec when a low-band enhancement mode is disabled,
wherein the low-band codec uses a G.711 codec,
wherein the scaling unit performs the scaling in a silent segment, and
wherein the energy calculation unit calculates the energy of the low-band decoded speech signal in units of frames, an energy
of one of the frames is calculated by summing energies of samples.

US Pat. No. 9,130,082

APPARATUS FOR GENERATING/DETECTING TERAHERTZ WAVE USING GRAPHENE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A terahertz wave generating/detecting apparatus comprising:
a substrate including an active region and a transmitting region;
a lower metal layer extending in a first direction and disposed on the active region and the transmitting region of the substrate;
a graphene layer disposed on a portion of the lower metal layer disposed on the active region of the substrate;
a plurality of upper metal layers extending in the first direction and disposed on the graphene layer and the transmitting
region of the substrate; and

a dielectric layer disposed on the graphene layer and between two adjacent upper metal layers,
wherein a terahertz wave is generated or amplified by a surface plasmon polariton that is induced on a boundary surface between
the graphene layer and the lower metal layer when beat laser light is applied to the graphene layer and the lower metal layer.

US Pat. No. 9,130,981

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VISUALIZING NETWORK SECURITY STATE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for visualizing a network security state, the method comprising:
collecting security event information from a network security system;
analyzing, executed by at least one computer, the security event information and extracting visualization target data corresponding
to the security event information; and

visualizing the visualization target data as a three-dimensional (3D) screen, and displaying the 3D screen on a display panel,
wherein extracting the visualization target data comprises:
normalizing the security event information using pre-defined standard formats and standard codes;
analyzing the normalized security event information; and
categorizing and contracting, executed by at least one processor, the analyzed security event information to attack state
information so as to extract the attack state information as the visualization target data,

wherein the attack state information is categorized and contracted when a predetermined critical value applied thereto is
greater than a predetermined reference value, and determined according to one of attack types, attack codes, attack destination,
attack cycles, detection equipments, regions where attacks took place, service ports, attack times by equipments, the number
of packets, attack volumes, and a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,122,938

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OFFSETTING TRANSMISSION LEAKAGE SIGNAL OF RFID READER USING INJECTION LOCKED OSCILLATOR (ILO)

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A transmission leakage signal offset apparatus of a radio frequency identification (RFID) reader, the transmission leakage
signal offset apparatus comprising:
a signal divider to divide a received signal of the RFID reader, the received signal including a transmission leakage signal,
and to transmit the divided received signal to a signal combiner and an injection locked oscillator (ILO);

a signal synchronizer to synchronize a phase of the ILO with a phase of the transmission leakage signal;
a phase controller to control a phase difference between the received signal of the RFID reader and an output signal of the
ILO; and

a signal combiner to combine the received signal of the RFID reader and the output signal of the ILO, between which the phase
difference is controlled.

US Pat. No. 9,116,140

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVELY DIAGNOSING CROP GROWTH USING TERAHERTZ WAVES

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

4. A method of non-destructively diagnosing crop growth using terahertz waves, comprising:
an information extraction operation of extracting status information on a crop from information on an image of the crop taken
using terahertz waves; and

a status determination operation of comparing the extracted status information on the crop with previously stored growth-stage-specific
information on the crop, and determining a degree of growth of the crop;

wherein the information extraction operation includes extracting water content of the crop and property information on the
crop from the information on the image of the crop taken using the terahertz waves; and
wherein the status determination operation further includes comparing the water content of the crop and the property information
on the crop extracted in the information extraction operation with previously stored property information on a fruit according
to growth stages of the crop, and determining whether or not there is fruit.

US Pat. No. 9,100,492

MOBILE COMMUNICATION TERMINAL AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A mobile communication terminal, comprising:
a camera module which captures an image of a set area;
a microphone module which, when a sound including a voice of a user is input, extracts a sound level and a sound generating
position corresponding to the sound; and

a control module which estimates a position of a lip of the user from the image, extracts a voice level from the sound level
corresponding to the position of the lip of the user and a voice generating position from the sound generating position, and
recognizes the voice of the user based on at least one of the voice level and the voice generating position.

US Pat. No. 9,095,000

MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION GATEWAY USER EQUIPMENT AND MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION DATA RELAY METHOD OF THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. Machine type communication (MTC) gateway user equipment (UE) (MGUE) accessed by at least one MTC device, the MGUE comprising:
a first radio matching unit configured to process a signal having a first frequency band characteristic and provide radio
access matching with a base station;

a second radio matching unit configured to process a signal having a second frequency band characteristic and provide radio
access matching with the at least one MTC device;

a radio access switching processor configured to convert data respectively output by the first radio matching unit and the
second radio matching unit, and provide the converted data; and

a controller configured to find an identifier (ID) of at least one MTC device related to MTC control information received
from the first radio matching unit, and control the second radio matching unit to transmit the MTC control information to
the MTC device.

US Pat. No. 9,075,437

TACTILE PRESENTATION APPARATUS, TACTILE CELL, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TACTILE PRESENTATION APPARATUS

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A tactile presentation apparatus, comprising:
a plurality of tactile cells,
wherein the number of the plurality of tactile cells is equal to the number of pixels of a depth image, and
each of the plurality of tactile cells implements depth information and texture information of the depth image and measures
applied pressure information by using an embedded pressure sensor,

wherein,
each of the plurality of tactile cells includes:
a tactile reactor generating a magnetic force of an electromagnet according to a magnetic force control voltage depending
on the depth information of the depth image,

a tactile feeder that moves up or down according to the magnetic force, and
an ultrasound vibration device that vibrates according to a vibration control voltage,
wherein,
the magnetic force control voltage is obtained based on a compensation voltage value corresponding to the depth information
of the depth image, and

the vibration control voltage is obtained based on a compensation voltage value corresponding to the texture information of
the depth image.

US Pat. No. 9,063,328

HEAD-UP DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A head-up display apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:
an information analysis unit configured to collect vehicle state information, driver state information, driving environment
state information, driver gaze information, individual characteristic information and common characteristic information from
a plurality of information collection units attached to the vehicle, and to analyze the collected information;

a first information determination unit configured to prioritize the vehicle state information, the driver state information,
and the driving environment state information;

a second information determination unit configured to determine a driver's field of view based on driver field of view information
and driver individual and common characteristic information; and

an information display unit configured to change information to be displayed to the driver based on priorities and the driver's
field of view, and to display the changed information.

US Pat. No. 9,064,148

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR RECEIVING UNMANNED MAIL

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for receiving an unmanned mail, comprising:
a mail collecting unit configured to collect a mail;
an address information acquiring unit configured to acquire address information from the collected mail;
a user recognition unit configured to recognize identity of a user who intends to send the mail, when the address information
is not included in the collected mail;

an address information detecting unit configured to detect address information relating to the recognized user among the stored
address information; and

a mail receiving unit configured to receive the collected mail by an unmanned method by setting the selected address information
or the acquired address information among the detected address information as address information of an addressee.

US Pat. No. 9,054,496

VERTICAL-CAVITY SURFACE-EMITTING LASER AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A wavelength swept vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser, comprising:
a substrate;
a lower reflection layer on the substrate;
an active layer on the lower reflection layer;
a sacrificial layer disposed on a first side of the active layer;
a stopper disposed on a second side of the active layer that is spaced apart from the sacrificial layer; and
an upper reflection layer fixed on the sacrificial layer, the upper reflection layer extending over the stopper and the active
layer, the upper reflection layer including:

a fixation part on the sacrificial layer;
a spring connected to the fixation part, the spring extending from the first side to the second side; and
a membrane connected to the spring and separated from the stopper on the active layer;
wherein the stopper defines a minimum separation distance between the upper reflection layer and the active layer and is positioned
to prevent a portion of the membrane from moving into a pull-in region of the laser.

US Pat. No. 9,054,745

APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING ENERGY USING A RESONANCE STRUCTURE IN AN ENERGY SYSTEM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An energy transmitting apparatus in an energy system, comprising:
a transmit feeding cable configured to be applied with AC power;
a transmit inductor in which AC current for an AC power supply flows;
a transmit metal electrode configured to transmit the AC power wirelessly to a receive metal electrode by the AC current flowing
through the transmit inductor;

a transmit cavity formed outside of the transmit inductor; and
a transmit grounding bar configured to control a resonance frequency generated by the transmit inductor based on at least
one of a position, a length, and a diameter of the transmit grounding bar,

wherein the transmit grounding bar directly connects to at least one of the transmit metal electrode and the transmit cavity.