US Pat. No. 9,725,027

E-TRACK TIE DOWN SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE CARGO BED

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a truck bed side panel having a top surface, a side surface, and an overhang extending from the top surface;
a docking plate secured to the side surface and defining a keyway;
an E-track having a keyed protuberance extending therefrom, the protuberance engaging the keyway and securing the E-track
to the docking plate; and

a clamp extending from the E-track and engaging the overhang to secure the E-track to the side panel.

US Pat. No. 9,726,058

IDLE SPEED GPF REGENERATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for regenerating a particulate filter, comprising:
predicting a series of impending periods of engine operation during each of which engine output is predicted to be continuously
below a predetermined low power threshold for an estimated duration below a predetermined time threshold, the impending periods
separated by intervening periods during which engine output exceeds the low power threshold;

adjusting engine operation to perform a series of partial regenerations of the particulate filter, including partial regeneration
of the particulate filter during each impending period, where an extent of each partial regeneration is based on the estimated
duration of the impending period during which it is performed.

US Pat. No. 9,726,067

METHOD FOR ADJUSTING A GRILLE SHUTTER OPENING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
adjusting a grille shutter opening responsive to a fuel in oil dilution amount when an engine coolant temperature is below
a threshold; and

adjusting the grille shutter opening based on the engine coolant temperature, independent of the fuel in oil dilution amount
when the engine coolant temperature is above the threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,759,145

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRE-IGNITION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
indicating pre-ignition based on each of an integrated knock sensor output in a knock window and an integrated knock sensor
output in a pre-ignition window.

US Pat. No. 9,719,402

EXHAUST RUNNER COLLAR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An exhaust system, comprising:
a runner having a runner wall interfacing with an inlet flange of a cylinder head and
a collar positioned at an interface forming an annular air gap around an exterior surface of the runner, wherein the collar
is formed with a single wall extending from the inlet flange to the runner at respective positions spaced away from a corner
of the interface, with no further walls exterior to the single wall, and the air gap is sealed around a portion of the runner
circumference and there are interrupted openings leading to the air gap from an engine or ambient environment.

US Pat. No. 9,722,229

ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY ATTACHMENT ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of connecting an electric vehicle battery, comprising:
welding a landing of a terminal to a bus bar;
pressing the landing of the terminal and the bus bar against one another during the welding, the landing along a first plane
and a base of the terminal along a second plane that is spaced from the first plane; and

supporting the landing during the pressing with a step that directly contacts the landing to limit movement of the landing
into a gap between the landing and a surface of a battery cell.

US Pat. No. 9,719,409

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A coolant system coupled in a vehicle, comprising:
a coolant overflow container including a recess for holding fluid;
a vertical, hollow tube having an internal recess, the tube positioned adjacent to the container such that a bottom-most level
of the container is above a bottom-most level of the internal recess of the tube;

a first hose fluidly coupling a top portion of the container to a top portion of the vertical tube;
a second hose fluidly coupling the bottom-most level of the container to a bottom portion of the vertical tube at a location
above the bottom-most level of the internal recess, wherein a level of fluid in the container equilibrates with a level of
fluid in the vertical tube;

a first sensor positioned within the internal recess;
a second sensor coupled to the vehicle and external to the vertical tube for estimating a vehicle motion parameter; and
a processor communicatively coupled to the first sensor in the internal recess, the processor configured with computer readable
instructions in memory for estimating a fluid level in the vertical tube based on output from the first sensor and for adjusting
the estimated fluid level based on output from the second sensor;

wherein the adjustment of the estimated fluid level includes estimating an expected slosh based on the output of the second
sensor, calculating an actual slosh based on the output of the first sensor, and adjusting the estimated fluid level with
a compensation term based on the actual slosh relative to the expected slosh; and

wherein estimating the fluid level in the vertical tube based on the output from the first sensor includes periodically transmitting
a signal from the first sensor towards a top of the tube, receiving, at the first sensor, an echo of each transmitted signal
upon reflection off the top of the vertical tube, estimating an average duration elapsed between the transmitting and the
receiving, and estimating the fluid level based on the average duration.

US Pat. No. 9,718,387

SEAT CUSHION MODULE FOR A VEHICLE SEATING ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:
a seatback frame and a seat frame defining a seating frame;
a plurality of distinct assembly modules configured for attachment with the seating frame, the plurality of distinct assembly
modules including:

a back cushion module;
a hard back module;
a headrest module; and
a seat cushion module including a rear arcuate support that opens downwardly and which engages a torsion bar of the seating
frame, and wherein the seat cushion module includes a composite cushion pan comprising:

a rearward support defining an intermediate open area; and
a forward support pivotally coupled to the rearward support;
a suspension assembly disposed in the intermediate open area;
a cushion extending over the composite cushion pan; and
a coverstock covering the cushion.

US Pat. No. 9,721,472

FORMULATING LANE LEVEL ROUTING PLANS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for formulating a lane level routing plan for a vehicle, the method comprising:
sending a plan request, including a local environment state of the vehicle and an end vehicle configuration for the vehicle,
to a statistics module, the statistics module communicatively linked to lane level data for roads having multiple lanes in
the same direction of travel, the local environment state including a current configuration for the vehicle;

receiving lane level statistics from the statistics module, the lane level statistics for one or more roads to be traversed
when traveling a distance separating the current vehicle configuration from the end vehicle configuration;

formulating the lane level routing plan based on the lane level statistics, the lane level routing plan for a route from the
current configuration to the end configuration over the one or more roads, the lane level routing plan including cues for
predicted lane changes on at least one road having multiple lanes in the same direction of travel; and

presenting the lane level routing plan at the display device.

US Pat. No. 9,718,404

PARKING OBSTRUCTION LOCATOR AND HEIGHT ESTIMATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
an obstacle sensing component configured to determine a location and a dimension of an obstacle, wherein the dimension comprises
a height of the obstacle with respect to a ground surface;

a vehicle sensing component configured to determine a height of a point on a vehicle relative to the ground surface, wherein
the vehicle sensing component determines the height based on sensor data;

a drive history component configured to:
update a drive history to include an indication of a presence and the height of the obstacle in response to the vehicle parking
at a location near the obstacle;

retain the location of the obstacle in memory in response to parking the vehicle or the vehicle being turned off; and
check the drive history for information about any obstacles near the parking location in response to the vehicle or driver
preparing to exit the parking location; and

a notification component configured to provide an indication of a presence of the obstacle to assist a driver or vehicle in
exiting the parking location without making contact with the obstacle.

US Pat. No. 9,714,620

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR IMPROVING BOOST RESPONSE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a boosted engine, comprising:
in response to determining, with an engine controller, a deceleration event, and with the engine controller: deactivating
fuel injectors to all cylinders of the engine while increasing airflow through a turbine of a turbocharger in response to
a temperature of an exhaust catalyst downstream of the turbine determined to be between an upper threshold and a lower threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,707,838

POWERTRAIN HOUSING ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A powertrain housing assembly for a vehicle powertrain in a vehicle having a sub-frame, wherein the powertrain defines
a shaft axis, comprising:
a powertrain housing configured to house at least a portion of the vehicle powertrain, wherein the powertrain housing includes
a transmission output shaft housing portion covering an output shaft of a transmission;

a torque roll restrictor with first and second ends; and
a first resilient element;
wherein the powertrain housing includes a mounting protrusion integrally formed with the housing, and wherein the protrusion
has an opening extending through the protrusion in a direction parallel with the shaft axis;

wherein the first resilient element is retained in the opening;
wherein the first end of the torque roll restrictor is attached to the first resilient element and the second end of the torque
roll restrictor is attached to the vehicle sub-frame such that the torque roll restrictor and powertrain housing are relatively
movable by twisting of the first resilient element during use;

wherein the powertrain housing and mounting protrusion are a unitary casting; and
wherein the protrusion extends across an end of the transmission output shaft housing portion.

US Pat. No. 9,702,917

DETECTION OF AND RESPONSE TO SECOND LEAKAGE DETECTION CIRCUIT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising:
an isolation determination unit (IDU) disposed at a first apparatus, said IDU comprising a first leakage detection circuit
configured to couple a voltage bus connected to an energy storage device (ESD), and detect current leakage associated with
said voltage bus;

a circuit detection and response unit (CDRU) at said first apparatus, configured to determine whether said first leakage detection
circuit is coupled by a common ground to an operating second leakage detection circuit configured to detect said current leakage,
said second leakage detection circuit disposed at a second apparatus configured to releasably couple said voltage bus; and

wherein said CDRU is configured to use a voltage detected at said first leakage detection circuit to perform said determination.

US Pat. No. 9,694,663

HYBRID TRANSMISSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission comprising:
a first electric machine having a first rotor, and a first stator fixed to a center housing; and
a first gearset having a first sun fixedly coupled to the first rotor, a first carrier fixedly coupled to an output, and a
first ring fixed to a front housing, the output located between the first gearset and the center housing and the center housing
located between the output and the first rotor.

US Pat. No. 9,695,755

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRE-IGNITION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a boosted engine, comprising:
while operating in a blow-through mode, reducing valve overlap of an intake and exhaust valve by adjusting a valve actuator
in response to an indication of pre-ignition and adjusting ignition timing responsive to knock, pre-ignition indicated in
response to knock sensor output before a cylinder spark event, knock indicated in response to knock sensor output after the
cylinder spark event,

wherein operating in a blow-through mode includes directing intake air from an intake manifold, downstream of a compressor,
to an exhaust manifold, upstream of a turbine, via positive valve overlap around TDC at an end of an exhaust stroke through
one or more engine cylinders, an amount of the positive valve overlap based on operating conditions,

wherein directing intake air via positive valve overlap includes adjusting a variable cam timing device to adjust an intake
or exhaust valve timing of the one or more cylinders from a first valve timing corresponding to no positive valve overlap
to a second valve timing corresponding to positive intake valve to exhaust valve overlap, and

wherein reducing valve overlap in response to the indication of pre-ignition includes, in response to the indication of pre-ignition
in any engine cylinder, adjusting the variable cam timing device to adjust the intake or exhaust valve timing of all engine
cylinders from the second valve timing towards the first valve timing, an amount of valve overlap reduction increased as the
indication of pre-ignition increases.

US Pat. No. 9,646,441

SHIELDED COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising:
a vehicle receiver;
a fob including:
a shield defining a shield cavity; and
a transmitter located within the shield cavity, the transmitter configured to send signals to the vehicle receiver;
wherein the shield cavity is shielded to direct signals transmitted by the transmitter toward the vehicle receiver when the
fob engages and is pushed toward the vehicle receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,647,486

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING CHASSIS COUPLING CURRENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An automotive vehicle comprising:
a battery charger configured to receive electrical energy, via an electrical connection including a ground wire, from an electrical
source remote from the vehicle and to output the electrical energy to at least one electrical load; and

at least one controller configured to command a change in the electrical energy output by the battery charger, wherein the
battery charger is further configured to, in response to the command, control a rate of change in the electrical energy output
such that a coupling current to the ground wire resulting from the change in the electrical energy output by the battery charger
has a magnitude less than a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,647,249

COOLING SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE BATTERIES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cooling system for a vehicle battery, comprising:
a cooling plate;
an inlet manifold configured to supply fluid from a heat exchanger to the cooling plate;
an outlet manifold configured to return fluid to the heat exchanger; and
a plurality of micro-conduits formed in the cooling plate, configured to deliver fluid between the inlet manifold and outlet
manifold, wherein one of the inlet manifold or outlet manifold is positioned between a first and second set of micro-conduits
formed in the cooling plate.

US Pat. No. 9,643,471

DRIVER PERSONALIZED CLIMATE CONDITIONING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. Apparatus in a transportation vehicle occupied by a person within a passenger cabin, comprising:
a skin temperature sensor for measuring an actual skin temperature of the person;
a cabin temperature sensor for measuring an actual cabin temperature of ambient air within the passenger cabin;
an HVAC system with a heat source and a cool source for providing heated and cooled air flow into the passenger cabin;
a controller module storing a target cabin temperature, wherein the controller module is configured to control the heat source
and cool source to reduce a first error between the target cabin temperature and an averaged actual cabin temperature, wherein
the controller module is configured to average the actual cabin temperature using a first averaging filter with a first time
constant; and

a personalization module storing a target skin temperature, wherein the personalization module is configured to apply an offset
to the target cabin temperature used to determine the first error according to a second error between the target skin temperature
and an averaged actual skin temperature, wherein the personalization module is configured to average the actual skin temperature
using a second averaging filter with a second time constant longer than the first time constant.

US Pat. No. 9,644,559

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPROVING ENGINE EMISSIONS DURING STARTING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine operating method, comprising:
receiving sensor data to a controller; and
adjusting an engine air-fuel ratio in response to a magnitude of a difference between a desired standard deviation of engine
crankshaft acceleration and a determined standard deviation of engine crankshaft acceleration via the controller, the desired
standard deviation of engine crankshaft acceleration based on a desired engine air-fuel ratio, the determined standard deviation
of engine crankshaft acceleration based on the sensor data.

US Pat. No. 9,644,568

REINFORCED COMPOSITE CYLINDER BLOCK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for molding an engine block, comprising:
reinforcing the engine block with a plurality of metal strips, wherein a first portion of the plurality of strips is positioned
in a substantially transverse direction of the engine block, and a second portion of the plurality of strips is positioned
in a substantially longitudinal direction of the engine block, the first portion including metal strips positioned in arches
along curved surfaces.

US Pat. No. 9,643,350

WET-OUT PREVENT METHOD USING LAMINATE FOR INJECTION MOLDING PROCESS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of forming a light guide system, comprising the steps of:
injecting a first resin suitable for forming a light guide into a first portion of a mold;
injecting a second resin suitable for forming a carrier substrate into a second portion of the mold;
inserting a barrier layer in the mold to prevent wet-out between the first and second resins, wherein the barrier layer is
inserted into the mold before injecting the first and second resins; and

curing the resins to form a unitary light guide system, wherein the unitary light guide system includes a light guide formed
from the first resin and a carrier substrate formed from the second resin, and further wherein the light guide and carrier
substrate are joined and formed in a dual injection process.

US Pat. No. 9,663,060

MULTI-CHAMBERED AIRBAG WITH CONTROLLED PRESSURE DIFFERENTIALS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An airbag system comprising:
an airbag comprising a center chamber and four peripheral chambers;
the center chamber in fluid communication with the four peripheral chambers via internal baffle vents,
wherein each internal baffle vent comprises:
a center gas flow hole configured to remain open at all times and allow fluid to freely pass between the center chamber and
one of the four peripheral chambers and

one or more peripheral gas flow holes configured to open to allow fluid to freely pass from the center chamber to one of the
four peripheral chambers and to close to prevent fluid from flowing from one of the four peripheral chambers into the center
chamber,

wherein at least two of the four peripheral chambers have a greater depth and increased width than the center chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,630,494

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ANTICIPATORY ALL WHEEL AND FOUR WHEEL DRIVE ENGAGEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a processor configured to:
automatically engage all wheel drive (AWD) in response to a vehicle GPS location.

US Pat. No. 9,631,595

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SELECTIVE ENGINE STARTING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for starting an engine, comprising:
determining a state of charge of a battery cell with a state of charge less than other battery cells in a battery;
determining a battery power capability based on the state of charge of the battery cell with the state of charge less than
other battery cells in the battery, a battery cell lower voltage limit, two internal battery resistance values, and a constant
e with an exponent, the exponent based on an internal capacitance of the battery cell;

determining an efficiency of a motor;
looking up an engine cranking torque via indexing a function via an engine temperature;
determining an engine cranking power via multiplying the engine cranking torque with engine cranking speed;
multiplying the battery power capability with the efficiency of the motor and comparing a result of the multiplication to
a power to crank the engine at a desired engine speed;

adjusting the engine cranking speed in response to the comparison; and
cranking the engine at the adjusted cranking speed.

US Pat. No. 9,618,587

TWO-WIRE HALL-EFFECT SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A two-wire hall-effect sensor comprising:
a supply terminal;
a return terminal;
an intermediate terminal;
a first voltage regulation circuit configured to regulate a voltage difference between the intermediate terminal and the return
terminal to a first predetermined value when a voltage difference between the supply terminal and the return terminal exceeds
the first predetermined value;

a hall plate having a supply port, a return port electrically connected to the return terminal, and an output port;
a second voltage regulation circuit configured to regulate a voltage difference between the hall plate supply port and the
return terminal to a second predetermined value when a voltage difference between the intermediate terminal and the return
terminal exceeds the second predetermined value; and

signal processing and output stage circuits configured to vary an electrical current from the supply terminal to the return
terminal in response to changes in the voltage difference between the hall plate output port and the return terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,617,899

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A PARTICULATE MATTER SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a particulate matter sensor, comprising:
generating an indication of particulate flow rate through a particulate filter based on particulate accumulation on a sensing
element of the sensor, and diagnosing the particulate filter based on the flow rate;

responsive to determining that the diagnosing of the particulate filter is completed, heating the sensing element of the sensor
to a first temperature greater than an exhaust gas temperature but lower than a temperature at which soot burns to repel particulate
from the sensing element, and maintaining the sensing element of the sensor at the first temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,618,938

FIELD-BASED TORQUE STEERING CONTROL

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising:
a computer including a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the processor such that the computer
is programmed to:

determine, along a nominal path to be traversed by a vehicle, a potential field representing a driving corridor for the vehicle,
the potential field including an attractive potential that guides the vehicle to remain within the corridor;

identify a first position of the vehicle relative to the potential field at a current time;
calculate a torque to apply to a steering column based at least in part on the first position relative to the potential field;
and

apply the torque to the steering column of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,616,888

VEHICLE SPEED ADJUSTMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle system comprising:
a sensor configured to detect a speed of a first nearby vehicle in a lane and a second nearby vehicle and output speed signals
representing the speeds of the first nearby vehicle and the second nearby vehicle; and

a processing device programmed to assign at least one of the speed signals to the lane of the first nearby vehicle, determine
a set point speed based on at least one of the speed signals output by the sensor, and generate a command signal to control
a host vehicle in accordance with the set point speed,

wherein the processor is programmed to compare the speeds of the first nearby vehicle and the second nearby vehicle to a predetermined
threshold and wherein the set point speed is determined from the speed of the first nearby vehicle if the speed of the first
nearby vehicle does not exceed the predetermined threshold and wherein the processor is programmed to exclude the speed of
the second nearby vehicle from the set point speed if the speed of the second nearby vehicle exceeds the predetermined threshold,

wherein the processing device controls a host vehicle in accordance with the set point speed.

US Pat. No. 9,616,898

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING EFFECTIVE ROAD GRADE CHARACTERISTIC

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising a computer in a vehicle, the computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the computer is
configured to:
determine an operational state of a vehicle;
calculate a road grade value from data from an accelerometer;
calculate an effective grade value from a torque demand value;
determine a correction coefficient to adjust the road grade value to substantially match the effective grade value when the
operation state is determined to be a steady-state condition;

determine a corrected effective grade based at least in part on the correction coefficient and the road grade value; and
adjust a velocity of the vehicle with a cruise control system based at least in part on the corrected effective grade when
the operation state is a transient condition;

wherein the correction coefficient is based at least in part on the road grade value and the effective grade value.

US Pat. No. 9,616,923

TOPOGRAPHICAL INTEGRATION FOR TRAILER BACKUP ASSIST SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of utilizing surface slope data to alert an operator and/or to control a vehicle having a trailer backup assist
system for use in backing up the vehicle when a trailer is connected to the vehicle, wherein the vehicle defines a plurality
of vehicle operating parameters, and wherein the vehicle and trailer together encounter at least one predefined problematic
operating condition that is to be avoided when the trailer is connected to the vehicle and the vehicle is backing up, and
wherein, when backing up, a response of the trailer to changes in the vehicle operating parameters changes due to changes
in surface slope encountered by the vehicle and/or the trailer; the method comprising:
providing a trailer backup assist system; and
configuring the trailer backup assist system to utilize surface slope data to provide an alert to an operator if a problematic
operating condition is present and/or imminent while the vehicle is backing up with a trailer attached thereto; and/or utilize
surface slope data to control at least one vehicle operating parameter while the vehicle is backing up with a trailer attached
thereto.

US Pat. No. 9,616,925

AUTONOMOUS LANE CONTROL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An autonomous lane operation system for a motor vehicle comprising:
a location sensor configured to determine a position of a plurality of surrounding vehicles within a predetermined area around
the motor vehicle and to provide surrounding vehicle location data;

a lane determining system configured to identify a current lane of the motor vehicle and to provide current lane-identification
data representing the current lane of the motor vehicle;

a controller configured to receive the surrounding vehicle location data and the current lane-identification data and to generate
path data; a steering system configured to steer the motor vehicle according to the path data provided by the controller;
and

a brake switch configured to send an over-ride signal to the controller in response to an application of a brake pedal, wherein
the controller is further configured to, in response to the over-ride signal, transfer control of the steering system and
a brake to a driver.

US Pat. No. 9,618,470

HUMIDITY SENSOR AND ENGINE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine method comprising,
while flowing gasses into an engine intake air downstream of a humidity sensor and upstream of a compressor, indicating humidity
sensor degradation when relative humidity readings increase by less than a first threshold while air temperature at the humidity
sensor increases greater than a second threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,610,892

INFRARED BIN LIGHTING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A lighting apparatus for a vehicle storage compartment comprising:
a closure member configured to enclose an opening of the storage compartment;
an emitter disposed proximate the opening configured to output an emission configured to impinge upon a portion of the closure
member in response to the closure oriented in a closed position;

a sensor configured to generate a detection signal in response to identifying the emission impinging upon the portion of the
closure member;

a controller communicatively coupled to the sensor and configured to:
interpret the detection signal;
activate a first lighting mode in response to the detection signal detecting the closure member in an opened position; and
activate a second lighting mode in response to the detection signal identifying the emission impinging upon the portion of
the closure member.

US Pat. No. 9,581,115

INDUCTION SYSTEM INCLUDING A PASSIVE-ADSORPTION HYDROCARBON TRAP

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising:
an air box having an air filter, the air box having a hydrocarbon trap and a removable lid, and internal reinforcing structures
creating one or more pockets; and

a hydrocarbon trap material positioned within one or more of the pockets, the lid defining a boundary of the air flow passage,
the air box including a layer coupled over the pockets.

US Pat. No. 9,581,126

ENGINE CONTROL FOR LIMITING CATALYST TEMPERATURE IN NORMAL AND ECONOMY MODES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine, comprising:
advancing spark timing from a borderline spark timing toward minimum spark advance for best engine torque and enriching an
engine air-fuel ratio in response to a catalyst temperature greater than a threshold temperature; and

reducing engine torque in response to the catalyst temperature greater than the threshold temperature and selection of a fuel
economy mode.

US Pat. No. 9,583,747

RETENTION ASSEMBLY FOR TRACTION BATTERY CELL ARRAY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A traction battery assembly comprising:
an array of battery cells;
a pair of endplates each disposed on opposite ends of the array and defining edges and a receiving groove extending between
the edges;

a strap sized to sit within the groove, and wrap around the array and endplates; and
an aluminum alloy or aluminum core over-molded with a thermoplastic material attachment fitting to connect ends of the strap
such that the endplates compress the cells.

US Pat. No. 9,583,798

ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY THERMOCOUPLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electric vehicle battery thermocouple, comprising:
a temperature sense lead of a first material; and
an electric vehicle battery component of a second material different than the first material, wherein the first material and
the second material provide portions of a thermocouple.

US Pat. No. 9,579,965

MODULAR POWERTRAIN COMPONENT FOR HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A powertrain module, comprising:
an input;
a first bulkhead supporting the input;
a rotor hub;
an electric machine including a rotor rotationally fixed to the rotor hub;
a clutch for alternately opening and closing a drive connection between the input and the rotor;
a servo supported directly on the rotor hub for actuating the clutch;
a second bulkhead supporting the rotor hub;
a clutch hub secured to a radially outer surface of the input.

US Pat. No. 9,573,648

WHEEL COUPLING

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a first component having a first axial aperture therethrough and a first coupling surface, the first component having an axial
recess in the first coupling surface; and

a second component having a second axial aperture therethrough and a second coupling surface, the second component having
an axial protrusion extending from the second coupling surface, the axial recess of the first component and the axial protrusion
of the second component selectively engaging to radially lock the first component relative to the second component and align
the first and second apertures upon engagement with each other,

wherein the first and second apertures selectively receive a bicycle wheel axle, and
wherein the first component is configured with a center of gravity between the first aperture and a radially peripheral opening
of the axial recess.

US Pat. No. 9,574,507

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING CANISTER PURGING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine system, comprising:
an engine including an intake;
a compressor coupled to the intake for providing a boosted aircharge to the engine;
a compressor bypass for recirculating boosted aircharge from downstream of a compressor outlet to a compressor inlet;
an ejector coupled in the compressor bypass;
a fuel system including a fuel tank coupled to a canister;
a purge line coupling the canister to the intake via a purge valve;
a first purge bypass coupling a suction port of the ejector to the purge line at a location upstream of the purge valve, the
first purge bypass including a bypass valve;

a second purge bypass coupling the suction port of the ejector to the purge line at a location downstream of the purge valve,
the second purge bypass including a check valve, the second purge bypass coupled to the first purge bypass downstream of the
bypass valve; and

a controller with computer readable instructions for:
during boosted engine operation,
recirculating boosted aircharge through the ejector; and
based on boost pressure and canister load, varying a ratio of ejector vacuum applied on the canister via the first purge bypass
relative to the second purge bypass.

US Pat. No. 9,574,510

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ESTIMATING EXHAUST PRESSURE WITH A VARIABLE VOLTAGE OXYGEN SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
adjusting engine operation based on an exhaust pressure of exhaust gas flowing through an engine exhaust passage estimated
based on a difference between a first output of an oxygen sensor disposed in the engine exhaust passage and a second output
of the oxygen sensor, both the first and second outputs taken after increasing a reference voltage of the oxygen sensor from
a lower, first voltage to a higher, second voltage;

wherein adjusting engine operation includes one or more of adjusting engine fueling, engine air charge, and engine boosting.

US Pat. No. 9,568,894

METHOD AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A COMPRESSOR THAT IS OPERABLE WITH A CLIMATE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A control system for a vehicle compressor that is operable with a vehicle climate system comprising:
a first control portion being configured to assess an actual temperature of a vehicle evaporator and a target temperature
of the vehicle evaporator for generating a first compressor speed command signal in response to assessing the actual temperature
and the target temperature;

a second control portion including a pressure calibration value and being configured to receive a pressure reading of the
climate system, to compare the pressure reading to the pressure calibration value, to generate a second compressor speed command
signal if the pressure reading is greater than the pressure calibration value;

a controller device including data corresponding to at least one compressor speed, the controller being configured to receive
the first compressor speed command signal and the second compressor speed command signal and to transmit a control signal
to the vehicle compressor for causing the vehicle compressor to operate at a commanded compressor speed based on the first
compressor speed command signal, the second compressor speed command signal, and the data; and

a speed limiter being configured to receive an apparent temperature reading for establishing a maximum compressor speed therefrom,
the apparent temperature reading corresponding to the at least one compressor speed as identified in the data,

wherein the apparent temperature includes at least an ambient temperature, humidity, and an interior temperature of a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,559,688

PROXIMITY SWITCH ASSEMBLY HAVING PLIABLE SURFACE AND DEPRESSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A proximity switch assembly comprising:
a rigid substrate having top and bottom surfaces and a depression within the top surface of the substrate;
a proximity sensor comprising first and second electrodes disposed on the substrate below the depression; and
a non-conductive pliable material provided on the top surface of the substrate and extending over the depression, wherein
the proximity sensor generates an output signal indicative of the dielectric properties of a user's finger.

US Pat. No. 9,544,412

VOICE PROFILE-BASED IN-VEHICLE INFOTAINMENT IDENTITY IDENTIFICATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a computing platform, including a processor, a voice interface configured to perform speech recognition from voice input received
via a microphone, and a transceiver configured to communicate with a plurality of mobile devices connected to the computing
platform, each of the mobile devices associated with a respective voice profile, the computing platform programmed to

identify which one of the voice profiles of the connected plurality of mobile devices most closely matches the voice input
received from a user;

perform the speech recognition on the voice input using the voice profile matching the voice input to determine a voice command;
and

process the voice command in context of the one of the mobile devices associated with the one of the voice profiles,
wherein the context of the one of the mobile devices includes an address book of the one of the mobile devices, the voice
command includes a reference to an entry of the address book of the one of the mobile devices, the entry of the address book
of the one of the mobile devices includes a contact name and a first contact phone number, another of the plurality of mobile
devices connected to the computing platform includes an address book having an entry with the contact name and a second contact
phone number different from the first contact phone number, and processing the voice command in the context of the one of
the mobile devices includes using the first contact phone number.

US Pat. No. 9,533,710

TWELVE-CORNERED STRENGTHENING MEMBER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method for optimizing an axial crush performance of a twelve-cornered strengthening member, the method comprising:
modeling a vehicle assembly including a strengthening member having a twelve-cornered cross section comprising sides and twelve
corners creating internal angles and external angles between the sides, wherein each of the internal angles and the external
angles are greater than 90 degrees and less than 180 degrees and wherein the strengthening member is a crush can, a roof structure,
a front rail, a side rail, or a cross member;

parameterizing a geometry of the strengthening member with a plurality of control parameters;
defining a design of experiment using the plurality of control parameters;
modeling a vehicle using the vehicle assembly;
simulating a frontal impact event with the vehicle;
generating a response surface based on the frontal impact event;
determining a set of optimized control parameters for the strengthening member based on the response surface to optimize an
axial crush performance of the strengthening member; and

based at least in part on the optimized control parameters, manufacturing the strengthening member having the twelve-cornered
cross section.

US Pat. No. 9,528,490

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRE-IGNITION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

17. An engine system, comprising:
an engine including a plurality of cylinders;
a direct fuel injector coupled in each of the plurality of cylinders;
a spark plug coupled in each of the plurality of cylinders;
a transmission;
a turbocharger for providing engine boost;
an ignition coil supplying electrical energy to a spark plug; and
a control system with computer-readable instructions for,
during a transmission shift,
retarding spark ignition timing in a first cylinder to reduce combustion torque;
increasing an ignition coil dwell time during a combustion event in the first cylinder based on a torque ratio achieved in
the first cylinder at the retarded spark ignition timing; and

enriching a second cylinder receiving exhaust residuals from the first cylinder during a valve overlap period, a degree of
richness of the enriching based on the torque ratio in the first cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,475,381

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING POWER TRAIN AIR RESISTANCE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle system, comprising:
an internal combustion engine; and
a transmission enclosed within a transmission case coupled to a gaseous fuel source, the transmission case having an amount
of gaseous fuel located therein;

the gaseous fuel source coupled to an engine fuel line,
wherein a vehicle is driven with power from the internal combustion engine, through gears positioned within the transmission
case, and then to wheels of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,475,483

HYBRID VEHICLE INCLUDING A PREVENT POWERTRAIN GEAR HUNTING STRATEGY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine;
a motor; and
a controller programmed to, in response to a torque demand being greater than a maximum torque capability of the engine but
less than a maximum combined torque capability of the engine and motor, inhibit a scheduled transmission downshift and increase
a torque of the motor for a specified period of time and, and upon expiration of the specified period of time, permit the
downshift to occur.

US Pat. No. 9,469,341

METHOD OF PERFORMING CONTROL OF A STEERING AID FOR A STEERING SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method for controlling a steering aid for a steering system of a vehicle, comprising:
generating a signal instructing a driver to rotate a steering wheel of the steering system while a steering assist motor is
deactivated via fault detection;

determining whether rotation of the steering wheel causes a rotation of the steering assist motor that meets a rotation criteria;
and

activating the steering aid when the steering assist motor rotation meets the criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,470,178

ENGINE ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cylinder head, comprising:
a portion of a first combustion chamber;
a lower coolant core adjacent to the portion of the first combustion chamber and including a first coolant passage and a second
coolant passage, the first coolant passage and the second coolant passage laying along a lateral axis; and

an exterior wall forming one side of the first coolant passage and the second coolant passage, the exterior wall including
a first recess positioned between the first coolant passage and the second coolant passage.

US Pat. No. 9,468,390

CONTACTLESS ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENT SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A sensor for contactless electrocardiographic measurement of an occupant of a seat, comprising:
at least one terminal for mounting in a backrest of the seat and for connection with a measurement apparatus;
a plurality of electrocardiographic electrodes arranged in a matrix for mounting within the backrest to generate a measurement
signal of the seat occupant, each electrode having an undeflected condition wherein it is spaced from the at least one terminal
by a first distance and movable by pressure applied by the seat occupant to a deflected condition wherein it is spaced from
the at least one terminal by a second distance smaller than the first distance; and

a switching contact between each one of the electrodes and the at least one terminal, each switching contact spaced from at
least one of its respective electrode and the terminal when the respective electrode is in the undeflected condition, movement
of the respective electrode from the undeflected condition to the deflected condition placing the switching contact in contact
with both the electrode and the terminal to conduct the measurement signal from the electrode to the terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,463,734

ILLUMINATED SEATBELT ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An illuminated buckle, comprising:
a housing and a latch mechanism disposed within a vehicle;
a first light source disposed within the housing;
a first light guide directing light from the first light source towards a surface of the housing; and
a first photoluminescent structure disposed within the light guide and configured such that the light guide luminesces in
response to excitation by the first light source.

US Pat. No. 9,458,802

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PURGING VEHICLE FUEL VAPORS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for purging fuel vapors, comprising:
a fuel tank;
an engine intake manifold;
a fuel vapor storage canister, the fuel vapor storage canister in fluidic communication with the fuel tank and the engine
intake manifold, the fuel vapor storage canister housing a fuel vapor storage canister vent valve; and

a controller including instructions stored in non-transitory memory for selectively supplying current to the fuel vapor storage
canister vent valve in response to a temperature of the fuel vapor storage canister being below a threshold temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,360,107

TRANSMISSION AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING CLUTCH DURING RATIO CHANGE

Ford Global Technologies,...

8. A method for controlling a transmission, the method comprising:
varying a clutch pressure around a predetermined value in advance of a torque phase of a shift event; and
adjusting the predetermined value in response to a change in a measured torque while the clutch pressure is varied.

US Pat. No. 9,341,126

ADJUSTMENTS FOR ENGINE SPARK USING REMOTE DATA

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising an in-vehicle computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the in-vehicle computer is configured
to:
receive external data from a second computer external to the vehicle;
generate at least one derived datum from at least some of the external data; and
use the at least one derived datum to determine an engine adjustment to optimize conditions for engine spark; and
make the engine adjustment.

US Pat. No. 9,341,127

MULTIVARIABLE LOW-PRESSURE EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a turbocharged engine, comprising:
responsive to a differential between intake and exhaust pressure below a threshold, adjusting a LP-EGR valve while adjusting
a LP intake throttle to regulate a LP-EGR flow rate and the differential to respective setpoints; and

responsive to the differential above the threshold, one of fully opening and fully closing the LP-EGR valve to minimize the
differential while actuating the throttle to regulate the flow rate to its setpoint.

US Pat. No. 9,340,131

HEAD RESTRAINT WITH A MULTI-CELL BLADDER ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly, comprising:
a pump;
a headrest, including:
a support base including first and second support arms, the second support arm having a channel therethrough;
a flexible foam layer coupled with the support base;
a flexible substrate overlying the foam layer and defining an outer surface;
a fluid manifold between the base and the foam layer, the fluid manifold being coupled with the pump by an air supply line
extending through the channel and including a plurality of values;

an inflatable bladder assembly positioned between one of the base and the foam layer or the foam layer and the substrate and
having a plurality of cells corresponding to respective regions of the outer surface and coupled with the pump through the
fluid manifold with the plurality of cells respectively associated with the plurality of valves to be independently operable
between inflated and deflated conditions by the pump; and

a control operably coupled to the pump and the fluid manifold.

US Pat. No. 9,340,228

TRAILER MOTION AND PARAMETER ESTIMATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A trailer backup assist system comprising:
a trailer sensor module generating at least one of a trailer yaw rate or a trailer speed;
a vehicle sensor system generating a vehicle yaw rate and a vehicle speed; and
a controller estimating a hitch angle based on the vehicle yaw rate, vehicle speed, and one of the trailer yaw rate or the
trailer speed in view of a kinematic relationship.

US Pat. No. 9,335,765

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE MEDIA CONTROL

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising a computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the computer is configured to:
provide instructions for autonomous operation of a vehicle;
detect an event indicating transition from autonomous operation of the vehicle to non-autonomous operation of the vehicle;
identify an index in media content associated with the event indicating the transition from autonomous to non-autonomous operation
of the vehicle; and

provide at least one instruction to a media module to pause or modify play of the media content based on the event indicating
the transition from autonomous to non-autonomous operation of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,315,130

ARTICULATING HEAD RESTRAINT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An articulating head restraint for a vehicle seatback, comprising:
a member having a face portion and a flange extending transversely therefrom;
vertically extending front and rear links pivotably coupled with a transversely extending base bracket disposed substantially
below the front and rear links and the flange substantially above the front and rear links to define a four-bar linkage movable
between fore and aft positions; and

a cushion slidably coupled with the face portion and movable between upper and lower positions along a track assembly disposed
between the cushion and the face portion.

US Pat. No. 9,308,909

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENGINE CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine coupled to a hybrid vehicle, comprising:
during vehicle operation using motor torque to drive vehicle wheels,
in response to a wide-open-pedal tip-in, restarting the engine; and
during engine cranking of the restarting, discharging compressed air from an accumulator to the engine while operating with
advanced intake valve timing relative to a base timing, wherein the accumulator is coupled to an intake manifold of the engine
via an accumulator valve, and wherein the discharging includes fully opening the accumulator valve while an engine transmission
is in gear;

adjusting a timing of the discharging based on initial fueling of the engine restarting, wherein the adjusting includes adjusting
a timing of opening the accumulator valve based on fueling of a first cylinder during a first combustion event from rest of
the engine restart; and

wherein the timing of opening is further adjusted based on one or more of engine coolant temperature and in-cylinder temperature,
the timing retarded as the engine coolant temperature decreases.

US Pat. No. 9,310,216

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE-BASED DATA GATHERING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:
receiving a desired route end-time;
calculating time remaining until the end-time once a vehicle is within a predetermined distance-to-destination;
searching, once the vehicle is within the predetermined distance-to-destination, for a store selling an item from a stored
shopping list;

estimating travel-time to the store;
and
recommending a detour to the store, based on the travel-time to the store and subsequent travel to a destination being less
than the time remaining.

US Pat. No. 9,306,983

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMMUNICATION BETWEEN A VEHICLE BASED COMPUTING SYSTEM AND A REMOTE APPLICATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a processor configured to:
receive a connection request from a mobile application to access a vehicle computing system (VCS), including an application
identifier;

create a unique connection identifier for responding to the request; and
respond to the connection request by sending the unique connection identifier.

US Pat. No. 9,260,000

SYNCHRONOUS SPEED DISCONNECT OF A GENERATOR FOR A HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A drive system, comprising:
first and second power sources;
a planetary gearset including an output, and first and second inputs driveably connected, respectively, to the first and second
power sources via first and second shafts, respectively;

a third shaft journalled on the first shaft;
a pinion journalled on the third shaft for rotation;
a synchronizer for alternately releasing a drive connection between the pinion and output, and substantially synchronizing
a speed of the pinion and a speed of the output before driveably connecting the pinion and the output.

US Pat. No. 9,260,102

CLUTCH TORQUE TRAJECTORY CORRECTION TO PROVIDE TORQUE HOLE FILLING DURING A RATIO UPSHIFT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A powertrain comprising:
a multiple-ratio transmission with oncoming and off-going clutches for effecting a ratio-upshift;
a torque sensor for measuring an actual measured torque value for one of the off-going and oncoming clutches;
a shift controller configured for:
adjusting an estimated oncoming clutch torque in response to the actual measured torque value during a torque phase; and
releasing the off-going clutch if measured off-going clutch torque is less than a threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,153,144

RAPID APPROACH DETECTOR

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising a computer in a vehicle, the computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the computer is
configured to:
receive one or more data collector inputs;
detect an object proximate to the vehicle based on the one or more data collector inputs;
determine a closure speed between the object and the vehicle;
determine a change in speed of the object;
compute an accountability factor based at least in part on the closure speed and the change in speed of the object; and
determine whether to identify a potential incident based at least in part on the accountability factor and an incident value
that is a function of at least one of the closure speed and a distance between the vehicle and the object.

US Pat. No. 9,151,085

PASSIVE ENTRY SIDE DOOR LATCH RELEASE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle including a passive entry side door latch release system engaged with a first release cable connected to an inside
door handle and with a second release cable connected to a door latch, said door latch release system comprising:
a movable linkage assembly engaged with said first and second release cables;
means for moving said linkage assembly to pull said second release cable to unlatch said door latch; and
a controller for controlling said means for moving;
wherein said controller operates said means for moving upon receiving an actuation signal wherein said first and second release
cables are joined together to substantially form a unitary cable with the first and second release cables shifting by an equal
amount upon movement of the inside door handle, said linkage assembly is connected to first and second locations of said unitary
cable to unlatch said door latch by pulling said unitary cable in a direction away from said door latch.

US Pat. No. 9,086,031

CRACKED CAP BULKHEAD INSERT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cylinder block, comprising:
a plurality of cylinder bores;
a plurality of inserts, each adjacent pair of inserts of the plurality inserts partitioning each cylinder bore of the plurality
of cylinder bores; and

a crankcase disposed below the cylinder block in a vertical direction;
each insert of the plurality of inserts spanning a vertical length of the cylinder block and extending throughout a cylinder
head disposed above the cylinder block, each insert having an upper portion, a cap disposed below the upper portion, the cap
cracked from the upper portion at a pair of cracks and rejoined to the upper portion by one or more fastening devices, the
upper portion having one or more upper bosses, each upper boss having a surface with extruded, circumferentially-extending
serrations, and one or more cap bosses positioned below the one or more upper bosses, the one or more upper bosses and the
one or more cap bosses positioned above the pair of cracks.

US Pat. No. 9,085,287

VEHICLE STOPPING DISTANCE IMPROVEMENTS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method of reducing the braking distance of a vehicle, wherein the vehicle includes a braking system, the braking system
having a brake master cylinder coupled to an electronic control unit, and an Anti-lock braking system (ABS) module, the method
comprising:
determining whether the brake pressure requested by the vehicle's driver exceeds a wheel lock brake pressure at which at least
one of the wheels of the vehicle locks up, employing the electronic control unit;

activating the brake master cylinder when the requested brake pressure exceeds the wheel lock brake pressure, to reduce the
brake pressure produced by the brake master cylinder to a value lower than the brake pressure requested by the driver;

sensing whether more than one of the vehicle's wheels are locked, employing wheel speed sensors coupled to the wheels;
calculating individual brake pressure values required to keep each of the more than one wheels locked, employing the electronic
control unit; and

identifying a maximum value among the individual brake pressure values, employing the electronic control unit, and adjusting
the brake pressure produced by the brake master cylinder to a value between the brake pressure requested by the driver and
the maximum values by signaling the brake master cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,067,553

VEHICLE FASCIA INTEGRATED PUSHERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a bumper structure including a fascia, a beam, a sensor disposed between the fascia and beam and defining a pressure cavity
along the fascia, and a plurality of pushers disposed between the fascia and sensor, wherein the pushers are configured such
that, for a given vehicle speed, an impact with the bumper structure near a center of the fascia causes a pressure increase
within the pressure cavity approximately equal to an impact with the bumper structure near an end of the fascia, and wherein
the pushers positioned near a center of the fascia each define a contact area different than the pushers positioned away from
the center of the fascia.

US Pat. No. 9,056,613

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR UPSHIFT TORQUE MODIFICATION USING AN UPSTREAM CLUTCH IN A HYBRID VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hybrid vehicle comprising:
an engine;
an electric machine connected to the engine by an upstream clutch;
a transmission gearbox connected to the electric machine by a downstream clutch; and
a controller configured to, in response to a commanded upshift of the gearbox, modulate a pressure of the upstream clutch
while maintaining a vehicle operation mode, and command the upstream clutch to lock when the upshift is completed.

US Pat. No. 10,632,951

IMPACT ABSORBING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An impact absorbing system comprising:a vehicle floor;
a rocker disposed below the vehicle floor;
a floor pan connected to the rocker; and
a reinforcement member supported on the rocker and deployable from an undeployed position in which the reinforcement member is disposed between the floor pan and the vehicle floor to a deployed position above the vehicle floor.

US Pat. No. 10,632,958

VEHICLE SEATING ASSEMBLY WITH AIRBAG TETHERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly, comprising:a seat-base;
a seatback coupled to the seat-base;
an airbag assembly coupled to the seatback and operable to deploy therefrom from a pre-deployment position to a deployed position;
a tether coupled to the airbag assembly and at least one of the seatback and the seat-base and configured to bias the airbag assembly seating-assembly-downward when the airbag assembly is in a deployed position; and
an anchoring feature configured to restrain movement of the tether while the airbag assembly is in the deployed position, wherein deployment of the airbag assembly from the pre-deployment position to the deployed position secures the tether to the anchoring feature.

US Pat. No. 10,632,962

SEATBELT RETRACTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An assembly, comprising:a base;
a plate pivotally supported by the base, the plate pivotable in a cross-vehicle direction;
a seatbelt retractor supported by, and pivotal relative to the base along with, the plate; and
a webbing payable from the seatbelt retractor.

US Pat. No. 10,632,965

VEHICLE INCLUDING THEFT RECOVERY AND THEFT DATA GATHERING FUNCTIONALITY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a processor of a vehicle, configured to
responsive to a stolen-vehicle trigger, offer a mobile device connection with the vehicle, the connection being to at least one of a simulated network connection or a simulated application connection; and
responsive to the mobile device accepting the offer and connecting to at least one of the simulated network connection or simulated application connection, gather predefined data from the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,632,977

VEHICULAR POST-IMPACT FORWARD MOVEMENT MITIGATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising a computer for a first vehicle, the computer comprising a processor and a memory, wherein the computer is programmed to:upon determining that all of the following conditions are met: (a) that an impact of the first vehicle with a second vehicle is likely to occur based on sensor data;
(b) that a speed of the first vehicle is below a first predetermined threshold and that a pedal condition of the first vehicle is met; and
(c) that an acceleration of the first vehicle is between predetermined upper and lower bounds, the lower bound being greater than zero;
then provide at least one instruction in the first vehicle that includes at least one of an instruction to override an acceleration request and an instruction to suppress a throttle.

US Pat. No. 10,634,040

ENGINE AIR PATH COOLING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising:a cylinder head defining a plurality of cylinders, the cylinder head including a plurality of inlet ports each fluidically coupled to a respective cylinder;
a refrigerant supply fluidically separate from an engine coolant; and
a refrigerant passage surrounding each inlet port and fluidically coupled to the refrigerant supply, the refrigerant passage shaped to correspond to an outer profile of each inlet port.

US Pat. No. 10,635,116

VIDEO CALIBRATION WITH ILLUMINATION INVARIANT IMAGE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method in a vehicle, comprising:acquiring a color image having a portion that includes a color calibration pattern;
generating, based on the color calibration pattern, a color-corrected color image that includes a plurality of pixels;
determining an illumination invariant image based on the color-corrected color image and transform parameters ?v and ?r; and
actuating navigation of the vehicle based on the illumination invariant image, wherein determining the illumination invariant image includes classifying pixels of the plurality of pixels of the color-corrected image into one of a plurality of categories, and selecting the transform parameter ?v or the transform parameter ?r for each classified pixel of the color-corrected color image based on the plurality of categories.

US Pat. No. 10,631,373

HEATED WINDSHIELD INDICATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A windshield assembly comprising:a heating element thermally coupled to a windshield;
an indicator thermally coupled to the windshield and having a light source for illuminating an icon indicating at least one of an activation state of the heating element and a relative temperature of the windshield; and
an optical member positioned on the windshield and configured to redirect emitted light from the light source into an interior of a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,625,740

LANE CENTERING DISTURBANCE MITIGATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle computer comprising:a memory; and
a processor programmed to execute instructions stored in the memory, the instructions including determining a first lane center, autonomously operating a host vehicle relative to the first lane center, detecting a change in the first lane center to a second lane center, selecting a filter, and applying the filter while transitioning autonomous operation of the host vehicle from the first lane center to the second lane center;
wherein one or more of (a) selecting from among at least one of a low filter, a moderate filter, a high filter, and a coasting filter, (b) determining a steerable path prediction confidence level and selecting the filter according to the steerable path prediction confidence level, or (c) detecting a steerable path prediction model change and selecting the filter according to the steerable path prediction model change, is or are included in selecting the filter.

US Pat. No. 10,625,749

ATTACHABLE VEHICLE CONTROL

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A computer, programmed to:receive, in a vehicle, an instruction, via an ultra-short-range transceiver that is mounted underneath a vehicle exterior surface;
detect a location of a control device from communications via the ultra-short-range transceiver;
then limit movement of the vehicle based on the detected location of the control device, including
preventing a vehicle backward movement upon the detected location being a vehicle trunk exterior surface, and
preventing a vehicle forward movement upon the detected location being a vehicle hood exterior surface.

US Pat. No. 10,626,832

FLUID DELIVERY PORT OF AN INTEGRAL INTAKE MANIFOLD

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES ...

1. An engine component comprising: a tubular member, of stratified layers, curved on both ends and comprising outwardly protruded nozzles located on one side, each of the nozzles comprising an elongated body and a tip defining apertures, the tubular member forming a nitrous oxide delivery apparatus configured to increase engine power output and located in a cavity of an intake manifold such that there is no seal between the tubular member and the intake manifold, wherein the tubular member is located adjacent to a bellmouth opening of an intake manifold runner, and wherein the tubular member is placed upon a flange within a notch of the bellmouth opening.

US Pat. No. 10,597,034

METHOD FOR ADJUSTING REQUESTED VEHICLE TORQUE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle operating method, comprising:receiving vehicle road position data of a first vehicle and a second vehicle to a controller;
adjusting a relationship between accelerator pedal position and driveline torque of the first vehicle in response to a distance between the first vehicle and the second vehicle, where adjusting the relationship includes reducing the driveline torque;
adjusting the relationship in further response to a distance between the second vehicle and a third vehicle; and
adjusting output of a driveline responsive to the relationship.

US Pat. No. 10,601,006

METHOD AND BATTERY ASSEMBLY FOR ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method, comprising:compressing a cell stack, the cell stack including at least one battery cell and a support plate spaced-apart from an upper surface of the at least one battery cell; and
inserting the cell stack into a pocket of a structural assembly by applying a force directly to the support plate and without applying the force directly to the at least one battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,596,916

ELECTRIFIED POWERTRAIN WITH INTEGRATED CHARGER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an electric machine including two sets of galvanically isolated windings;
first and second inverters each coupled with only one of the sets;
a traction battery;
a switching arrangement configured to couple the first inverter with a port such that current from a remote source flows through one of the sets and induces a voltage in the other of the sets to charge the battery while isolating the source from the battery, wherein the second inverter is configured to rectify the voltage; and
a controller configured to, prior to charging the traction battery, move a rotor of the electric machine to a target position.

US Pat. No. 10,596,925

VEHICLE HAVING A RAIL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a rail system coupled to a floor pan;
a floor covering having a bridge;
one or more anchors that couple a seating assembly to the rail system and are configured to displace the bridge as the anchors traverse the rail system; and
a wheel operably coupled to the seating assembly and positioned on one or more sides of each of the one or more anchors that is configured to at least partially support the seating assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,596,927

VEHICLE SEATING ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly, comprising:an upper seatbase;
a lower seatbase pivotably coupled to the upper seatbase at a vehicle-forward end of the lower seatbase by a front hinge, the front hinge being directly connected to a first end of the upper seatbase and the vehicle-forward end of the lower seatbase such that the front hinge is in direct physical contact with the upper seatbase and the lower seatbase, wherein the lower seatbase is slidably coupled to a rail; and
a seatback pivotably coupled to the upper seatbase by a rear hinge, the rear hinge being positioned between a second end of the upper seatbase that is opposite the first end and a lower end of the seatback, the rear hinge being directly connected to the seatback and the upper seatbase such that the rear hinge is in direct physical contact with the seatback and the upper seatbase, wherein pivotable motion about the front hinge and the rear hinge enables movement between a first configuration and a second configuration, and wherein the lower seatbase remains permanently coupled to the rail throughout movement between the first configuration and the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,600,268

KEY FOB WITH RSSI

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A key fob comprising:a communicator to communicate with a vehicle;
a processor to:
determine signal strengths of polling messages received from the vehicle;
establish a set of boundaries a decibel width around a running average of the signal strengths;
transmit a polling response message when the signal strengths are outside the boundaries; and
reset the running average after a threshold number of the received polling messages have signal strength outside the boundaries.

US Pat. No. 10,600,270

BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION FOR A VEHICLE WITHOUT PRIOR REGISTRATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a biometric scanner to generate a first biometric token; and
a body control module comprising a processor, wherein the body control module is configured to:
determine that the first biometric token is associated with a first authorized user;
determine, based on the first biometric token being associated with the first authorized user, that the first biometric token is authorized to enable an ignition switch;
before enabling the ignition switch, measure one or more vital signs of the first authorized user with the biometric scanner; and
disable, based on the one or more vital signs indicating that the first authorized user is either not alive or is stressed, the biometric scanner until an additional source of authorization is received at the body control module.

US Pat. No. 10,601,087

TRACTION BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM WITH COOLANT PROPORTIONAL VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cooling system for an electrified motor vehicle, comprising:a coolant circuit circulating coolant between a traction battery and either a battery radiator or a chiller;
a refrigerant circuit circulating refrigerant between a compressor, a condenser and either a first evaporator or said chiller;
a plurality of flow control valves in said coolant circuit and said refrigerant circuit; and
a control system including a controller configured to (a) control operation of said plurality of flow control valves and (b) prioritize cabin cooling over traction battery cooling when the traction battery is at a normal operating temperature; wherein said controller is configured to include a first data input for ambient air temperature, a second data input for HVAC blower speed and a third data input for evaporator temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,596,993

VEHICLE SEATING ASSEMBLY WITH ANCHORED AIRBAG TETHERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly, comprising:a seatback coupled to a seat-base;
an airbag assembly coupled to the seatback and configured to deploy therefrom;
a tether coupled to the airbag assembly and at least one of the seatback and the seat-base;
a cable coupled to the tether; and
a retractor coupled to the seat-base and configured to retract the cable.

US Pat. No. 10,596,995

METHOD TO LOCK, UNLOCK AND START A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method to lock, unlock and start a vehicle, comprising:blocking, when the vehicle is locked, a vehicle start, the vehicle start being without actively using an electronic vehicle key;
unlocking the vehicle such that the vehicle is secured against relay station attacks; and
in response to a passive start command within a preset period of time after the unlocking, passively starting the vehicle without actively using the electronic vehicle key; and
in response to the passive start command after the preset period of time has elapsed after the unlocking, blocking any subsequent passive starts of the vehicle without actively using the key.

US Pat. No. 10,596,997

USER INTERFACE OF AUTONOMOUS DELIVERY VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a cargo;
a door designated for the cargo;
a user interface comprising a keypad that includes first keys and second keys; and
a processor configured to:
activate the first keys upon the vehicle being parked;
responsive to receiving an access code via the first keys while the vehicle is parked:
unlock and open the door to provide access to the cargo for a first period; and
activate the second keys; and
responsive to a hold-to-load key of the second keys being actuated, continue to
provide access to the cargo for a second period.

US Pat. No. 10,598,281

OVERRIDE FOR SHIFTING A SHIFT-BY-WIRE TRANSMISSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A shift-by-wire transmission comprising:a shiftable member selectively engageable with a park gear to put a vehicle in PARK;
a first intermediate member coupled with the shiftable member and rotatable about a pivot axis between an engaged position and a disengaged position, wherein in the engaged position the shiftable member is engaged with the park gear and in the disengaged position the shiftable member is disengaged from the park gear; and
an override mechanism including
a housing disposed at an exterior of a transmission case, the housing having a first pin aperture and a fastener aperture for receiving a fastener to rotatably fix the housing to the transmission case,
a manual shaft extending from an interior of the housing through the transmission case to an interior of the transmission case,
a reel plate having a second pin aperture, the reel plate rotatably fixed to the manual shaft and rotatable within the housing between a first angular position relative to the housing and a second angular position relative to the housing,
a spring for biasing the reel plate to the first angular position,
a pull-pin removably disposable within the first and second pin apertures, the pull-pin adapted to retain the reel plate in the second angular position, and
a second intermediate member rotatably fixed to the manual shaft and rotatable about the pivot axis between a nominal position and an override position, wherein moving the second intermediate member from the nominal position to the override position moves the first intermediate member from the engaged position to the disengaged position.

US Pat. No. 10,597,024

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR POWERING START-STOP AND HYBRID VEHICLE COMPONENTS AND ACCESSORIES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an engine;
an electric machine configured to crank the engine and powered by a first battery;
a first plurality of electric components configured to receive power from the first battery;
a second plurality of electric components configured to receive power from a second battery; and
a processor programmed to auto-start and auto-stop the engine in response to vehicle operating conditions and to electrically isolate the second battery and second plurality of components from the first battery and first plurality of components during engine cranking, and while the engine is auto-stopped.

US Pat. No. 10,597,029

DYNAMIC PARKING USING AN ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for parking using a parking assistance system, comprising:measuring a potential parking space using the system while a first vehicle is driving by a parking space for a parking process;
starting a first trajectory for a parking process into the parking space from a position that is favorable for parking, and an assisted parking process of the first vehicle into the parking space; and
detecting whether a boundary of the parking space formed by a second vehicle changes during the parking process; and
calculating a threshold distance from the second vehicle to update the parking space in response to detecting that a boundary of the parking space formed by the second vehicle has changed during the parking process.

US Pat. No. 10,589,601

AIR REGISTER WITH FOLDING VANES AND COOPERATING WALL FLAPS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An air register, comprising:a support;
at least one folding vane connected to said support by a first pivot;
a flap connected to said support by a second pivot; and
a linkage connecting said at least one folding vane with said flap to coordinate movement of said at least one folding vane and said flap wherein (a) said linkage is an articulated linkage including a first link connected to said at least one folding vane by a first pivot joint, a second link connected to said flap by a second pivot joint and a third pivot joint connecting said first link to said second link; (b) said first pivot defines a first pivot axis and said second pivot defines a second pivot axis where said first pivot axis is parallel to said second pivot axis; (c) said at last one folding vane has a vane body including a first section, a second section and a hinge joint connecting said first section and said second section; (d) said hinge joint defines a hinge axis and said hinge axis is parallel to said first pivot axis and said second pivot axis; (e) said second section includes opposed guide pins and said support includes opposed arcuate guide tracks, said opposed guide pins sliding in said opposed arcuate guide tracks; and (f) said second section includes opposed guide pins and said support includes opposed arcuate guide tracks, said opposed guide pins sliding in said opposed arcuate guide tracks.

US Pat. No. 10,591,100

REFRIGERANT HAMMER ARRESTOR AND REFRIGERANT LOOP INCORPORATING THAT REFRIGERANT HAMMER ARRESTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A refrigerant loop, comprising:a compressor;
a condenser downstream from said compressor;
a first expansion device downstream from said condenser;
a first evaporator between said first expansion device and said compressor;
a first shutoff valve between said condenser and said first evaporator;
a first refrigerant hammer arrestor between said first shutoff valve and said condenser;
a battery chiller, a battery chiller expansion device and a battery chiller shutoff valve between said condenser and said compressor and in parallel with said first evaporator, said first expansion device and said first shutoff valve; and
a second refrigerant hammer arrestor between said battery chiller shutoff valve and said condenser.

US Pat. No. 10,589,583

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAGNETOELASTIC HITCH RECEIVER FORCE DETECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a trailer hitch receiver configured to receive a trailer hitch arm along an axis;
two magnetoelastic pins, having respective magnetic fields, configured to couple the trailer hitch receiver to a chassis, the two magnetoelastic pins disposed above and perpendicular to the axis;
a plurality of sensors corresponding to the two magnetoelastic pins, configured to detect changes in the respective magnetic fields; and
a processor configured to determine a magnitude and a direction of a force acting on the trailer hitch receiver based on data from the plurality of sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,569,758

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MODELING AND ESTIMATING ENGINE CRANKING TORQUE DISTURBANCES DURING STARTS AND STOPS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of controlling a hybrid vehicle including a series connected engine and torsional damper, comprising:controlling an electric machine to provide a compensating torque, that is a sum of a baseline torque and an incremental torque, to offset cranking torque disturbances generated by the engine during engine start, wherein the baseline torque corresponds to a torque required to satisfy power demand of the hybrid vehicle and wherein the incremental torque is equal in magnitude but opposite in direction to a calculated cranking torque of the engine modified by a calculated engine damper torque of the torsional damper.

US Pat. No. 10,569,760

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BATTERY CHARGING IN A HYBRID VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:charging a battery in a hybrid vehicle at a first rate via transferring torque from an engine to at least one motor/generator upstream of a transmission coupled to the engine and at least another motor/generator downstream of the transmission while vehicle speed is controlled based on a driver-demand;
charging the battery at a second rate, different from the first rate, via the upstream and downstream motor/generators while vehicle speed is autonomously controlled; and
charging the battery at a third rate, different from the first rate and the second rate, via the at least one motor/generator upstream of the transmission while the engine is mechanically decoupled from the transmission and in response to a maximum battery charging mode in the hybrid vehicle being selected.

US Pat. No. 10,569,763

HEV ENGINE START VIBRATION REDUCTION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an electronic continuously variable transmission coupled to an engine, electric machine, and at least one controller configured to, at discrete time intervals during engine start:
adjust torque of the electric machine to reduce startup vibration of the engine with a feedforward torque signal generated from an engine start profile produced with a blend factor generated as a difference between an engine operating condition and stored operating condition grids.

US Pat. No. 10,575,152

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTACTING OCCUPANTS OF A REMOTE VEHICLE USING DSRC

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for a vehicle comprising:a controller programmed to, responsive to discovering, without first establishing a connection with a remote vehicle, a service broadcasted by the remote vehicle indicating that communication with the remote vehicle using the service is available, confirm that a unique identifier of the service corresponds to a service identifier of a subscribed-to service, wherein the subscribed-to service is selected by an occupant in the vehicle, and upon receiving input to invoke the subscribed-to service, contact the remote vehicle using the subscribed-to service.

US Pat. No. 10,569,778

CREEP TORQUE AND ELECTRIC DRIVE IN MANUAL TRANSMISSION VEHICLES

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an engine;
a manual transmission coupled to the engine;
an electric motor coupled to the engine and vehicle wheels;
an adaptive cruise control system; and
a controller coupled to the engine, the manual transmission, the electric motor and the adaptive cruise control system, the controller configured to:
turn off the engine and enable electric creep mode to propel the vehicle using the electric motor responsive to the vehicle being stationary and the transmission being in neutral,
activate electric crawl mode using the electric motor to propel the vehicle and maintain a target distance to a second vehicle when the adaptive cruise control system is on and the electric creep mode is enabled,
exit the electric crawl mode responsive to a brake pedal being depressed, and
exit the electric creep mode and the electric crawl mode and start the engine responsive to a clutch pedal or an accelerator pedal being depressed.

US Pat. No. 10,569,780

POWERTRAIN LASH MANAGEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine of a vehicle, comprising:following an operator foot-off accelerator pedal event,
distinguishing between a driver intent to brake or coast based on each of operator foot motion inside the vehicle and traffic pattern outside the vehicle; and
varying a lash adjustment during torque transition through a lash region based on the driver intent, wherein the varying includes varying an initiation of the lash adjustment through the lash region based on the driver intent, the lash adjustment initiated earlier when the driver intent includes coasting, the lash adjustment initiated later when the driver intent includes braking.

US Pat. No. 10,569,785

ROAD WATER DETECTION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle computer comprising:a memory; and
a processor programmed to execute instructions stored in the memory, the instructions including:
receiving a first tire pressure of a first tire at a first time;
receiving a second tire pressure of the first tire at a second time;
comparing the first tire pressure to the second tire pressure; and
determining that a road is flooded based on (a) a difference of the first tire pressure and the second tire pressure, and (b) ruling out a false positive by:
receiving a third tire pressure of a second tire;
receiving a fourth tire pressure of the second tire after receiving the third tire pressure; and
confirming that the road is flooded based on comparing (a) the difference of the first and second tire pressures of the first tire to (b) a difference of the third and fourth tire pressures of the second tire.

US Pat. No. 10,569,795

AUXILIARY TRANSPORT VEHICLE, AUXILIARY TRANSPORT SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN AUXILIARY TRANSPORT VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An auxiliary transport vehicle, comprising:a drive unit comprising
at least one first drive part, and
at least one second drive part, wherein at least one service station is configured for charging the at least one first drive part and/or for replacing the at least one first drive part with the at least one second drive part; and
an attachment placed on the drive unit,
wherein the drive unit comprises two wheels with a common axis of rotation and each with an electric drive, an electronic control device, and an electrical energy storage device, wherein the electronic control device is configured to actuate each electric drive such that the auxiliary transport vehicle is kept in an upright position to autonomously drive the auxiliary transport vehicle to a specifiable destination and to follow an external control device.

US Pat. No. 10,575,181

CELLULAR SERVICE BORROWING USING DEDICATED SHORT RANGE COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cellular service borrowing system comprising:a controller of a first vehicle configured to transmit a cellular service request to a second vehicle, the cellular service request excluding a user-selected number for placing a call to a cellular service receiving party; and
responsive to acceptance of the cellular serve request at the second vehicle, transmit, to the second vehicle, a user-selected number for placing a call to a cellular service receiving party; and
a controller of the second vehicle configured to:
receive the cellular service request from the first vehicle;
accept the cellular service request;
responsive to accepting the cellular service request, receive the user-selected number;
place the call using the user-selected number; and
if the call is accepted by the cellular service receiving party, route the call to the first vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,570,839

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING VEHICLE PERFORMANCE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine system for a vehicle, comprising:an engine including an actuator; and
a controller operatively coupled to the engine and the actuator, the controller including instructions stored in non-transitory memory to transform a signal from an accelerator pedal into a driver demand torque via a transfer function stored in a table, and further instructions to adjust values of the transfer function stored in the table during vehicle acceleration in response to a difference between a desired vehicle acceleration and an actual vehicle acceleration, and further instructions to apply the adjusted values of the transfer function stored in the table in response to the accelerator pedal being in a base position including delaying application of the adjusted values until after a throttle tip-out, and to adjust the actuator to vary engine torque based on the adjusted values of the transfer function.

US Pat. No. 10,570,844

AIR/FUEL IMBALANCE MONITOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine comprising:injecting fuel to generate a series of rich, lean, and stoichiometric conditions in an engine cylinder;
identifying, via an electronic controller, an air/fuel imbalance in the cylinder based on crankshaft accelerations generated by the series of rich, lean, and stoichiometric conditions and sensed by the controller;
while injecting fuel to generate the series of rich, lean, and stoichiometric conditions, keeping the engine at stoichiometry by injecting fuel to generate another series of lean, rich, and stoichiometric conditions in another cylinder, the identifying based on a slope or shape of the sensed crankshaft accelerations mapped by the controller versus air/fuel ratios corresponding to the series of rich, lean, and stoichiometric conditions; and
adjusting, via the controller, an amount of fuel supplied to the cylinder identified as imbalanced.

US Pat. No. 10,571,366

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DIAGNOSTICS OF A VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine method, comprising:responsive to a request to diagnose a cylinder valve actuator during a non-fueling condition of an engine,
spinning the engine, unfueled, with all cylinders activated to determine a reference air flow amount; and
then, selectively deactivating one or more cylinder valves, and indicating cylinder valve actuator degradation based on an air flow amount following the deactivating relative to a threshold, the threshold based on the reference air flow amount.

US Pat. No. 10,573,940

BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A battery thermal management system, comprising:a battery assembly; and
a coolant subsystem adapted to circulate a coolant through the battery assembly, wherein the coolant subsystem includes:
an engine;
a radiator configured to cool the engine with the coolant;
a three-way valve immediately upstream from an inlet of the battery assembly;
a temperature sensor immediately downstream from an outlet of the battery assembly;
a T-joint positioned between the outlet of the battery assembly and an inlet of the engine; and
a controller configured to monitor readings from the temperature sensor and control the three-way valve based on the readings to deliver the coolant at a desired temperature to the battery assembly,
wherein the controller is configured to open a first inlet of the three-way valve to deliver a first portion of the coolant to the battery assembly and is configured to open a second inlet of the three-way valve to deliver a second portion of the coolant to the battery assembly,
wherein the first portion of the coolant includes a different temperature than the second portion of the coolant.

US Pat. No. 10,570,870

HYBRID MODULE, HYBRID UNIT AND MOTOR VEHICLE AS WELL AS STARTING PROCESS FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hybrid module for arrangement on an internal combustion engine, and configured for starting the internal combustion engine, the hybrid module comprising:an electric motor outputting torque via an electric motor axle;
an output element of a magnetic transmission positioned on an output axle of the hybrid module and connected to a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine; and
the magnetic transmission transmitting torque from the electric motor axle to the output element.

US Pat. No. 10,570,871

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR STARTING AN ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A powertrain operating method, comprising:disengaging a spline collar from a belt pulley during a first engine start, the belt pulley mechanically coupled to a shaft of an integrated starter/generator, the belt pulley coupled to an engine crankshaft pulley;
engaging the spline collar to the belt pulley during a second engine start; and
cranking an engine via the belt pulley and the integrated starter/generator during the second engine start.

US Pat. No. 10,570,875

EFFICIENCY ENHANCEMENT TO A LASER IGNITION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:in response to an inferred intake valve temperature being lower than a threshold, operating a laser ignition device to sweep an intake valve of a cylinder during an intake stroke until the inferred intake valve temperature is higher than the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,571,930

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR LANDING AN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of landing an unmanned aerial vehicle on a vehicle, wherein the unmanned aerial vehicle has a crash cage, wherein the vehicle has a base station configured to receive the crash cage of the unmanned aerial vehicle, and wherein the crash cage is a resilient structure, the method comprising:determining a velocity of the unmanned aerial vehicle;
determining a velocity of the vehicle;
adjusting the velocity of at least one of the unmanned aerial vehicle and the vehicle to ensure that a difference between the velocity of the unmanned aerial vehicle and the velocity of the vehicle is greater than a predetermined amount as the unmanned aerial vehicle physically engages the vehicle;
adjusting the velocity of at least one of the unmanned aerial vehicle and the vehicle to ensure that the difference between the velocity of the unmanned aerial vehicle and the velocity of the vehicle is above a predetermined value as the crash cage engages the base station;
determining a spring rate of the crash cage;
determining a force at which the crash cage engages the base station;
determining a maximum deformation of the crash cage as the crash cage engages the base station; and
deploying a deployable restraint before the crash cage reaches its maximum deformation.

US Pat. No. 10,570,912

SLIDABLE SLEEVE ACTUATION SYSTEM FOR A TURBOCHARGER COMPRESSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An actuator assembly for a slidable sleeve of a turbocharger compressor, comprising:a fork arm coupled to the slidable sleeve;
a rotatable lever arm coupled to the fork arm via a rigid connecting shaft;
a connector rod coupled between the lever arm and a rotatable cam,
the rotatable cam extending between the connector rod and an actuator unit, and the actuator unit coupled to the rotatable cam and attached to an attachment case, the attachment case coupled to the turbocharger compressor, rotation of the rotatable cam translating the connector rod, the connector rod rotating the lever arm and the connecting shaft, the connecting shaft translating the fork arm and the slidable sleeve in an axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,569,645

INSERT FOR A FUEL TANK FILLER PIPE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A refueling system of a vehicle, comprising:an insert coupled to an inner perimeter of a filler pipe, the insert including:
an inner surface having a first projection positioned at an inlet end and a second projection positioned at an outlet end, with the first projection and the second projection each extending radially inward toward a central axis of the insert and the second projection extending a greater radial distance than the first projection;
a set of ribs of the first projection extending along the inner surface toward the second projection and a height of the set of ribs decreasing as the ribs extend toward the second projection;
the second projection including apertures within the projection; and
an aperture positioned at the outlet end of the insert adjacent to the second projection.

US Pat. No. 10,569,660

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BATTERY STATE-OF-HEALTH MONITORING

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a battery;
a memory; and
a controller operable to,
determine a reference internal resistance of the battery by correlating a battery state of charge (SOC), a battery temperature, and a battery current to an impedance map stored in the memory;
determine a present internal resistance of the battery based on the sum of a battery calendar fade and a battery cycle fade, wherein the battery calendar fade and the battery cycle fade are determined using the battery SOC, the battery temperature, the battery current, and a battery terminal voltage;
determine a battery resistance change based on the difference between the reference internal resistance and the present internal resistance; and
charge and discharge the battery based on a battery health indicator, wherein the battery health indicator is determined by applying an inverse battery life model using the battery, resistance change and one or more battery usage aggressiveness drive cycles.

US Pat. No. 10,570,946

BLIND RIVET-NUT AND METHOD FOR SECURING A COMPONENT TO A CARRIER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A blind rivet-nut having a setting head and a hollow shaft received in an opening defined by a carrier, wherein the hollow shaft has at a free end opposite the setting head, the free end includes a first threaded portion that is adapted to receive a threaded element of a tensioning tool, the hollow shaft having a clamping portion adjacent to the setting head, the clamping portion being adapted to form a bead-like deformation during a setting operation of the blind rivet-nut on the carrier to clamp the carrier between the bead-like deformation and the setting head, wherein a portion a threadless shaft portion is provided between the clamping portion and the first threaded portion, wherein a self-tapping fastener forms a second thread on an inner surface the threadless shaft portion, and wherein the self-tapping fastener is attached in a positive-locking manner to the second thread.

US Pat. No. 10,569,669

IN-FLOOR TRACK SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:first and second rows of seats;
a rail system having a longitudinal track;
a floor covering having a bridge that spans an opening defined by the rail system, wherein the bridge contacts first and second sides of the rail system when the bridge is in a lowered position such that the bridge covers the opening defined by the rail system; and
first, second, and third seating assemblies each coupled to the rail system, wherein the first and third seating assemblies are actuatable along the rail system to be positioned between a pair of rearward wheel wells.

US Pat. No. 10,569,674

MECHANISM FOR A SUPINE MOTOR VEHICLE SEATING ASSEMBLY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A seating assembly comprising a lifter mechanism for an edge of a seat cushion, the lifter mechanism comprising a bracket pivotable about a transverse bar, the bracket comprising a forward lever and a rearward lever, and a link pinned at a first end to a seatback and pinned at a second end to the rearward lever via a slot, wherein the forward lever raises the edge upon the seatback pivoting to a predetermined reclined position;wherein the slot has an upper end and a lower end and the rearward lever of the bracket comprises a pin received within the slot, wherein the lower end of the slot being proximate with the pin corresponds to an upright position of the seatback and wherein the upper end of the slot being in initial contact with the pin corresponds to the predetermined reclined position between an upright position and a fully reclined position; and
wherein each of the seat cushion and the seatback have an exposed surface and wherein the exposed surfaces of each of the seat cushion and the seatback substantially occupying the same horizontal plane when the seatback is in the fully reclined position.

US Pat. No. 10,569,683

HEADREST SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A headrest support assembly, comprising:a support member having first and second ends with a channel extending therebetween, wherein the support member includes an upper portion that is flexible to deflect from a neutral state to a loaded state when a load is applied to the upper portion of the support member; and
a cable slidably received in the channel between first and second positions, wherein the cable has first and second ends, and further wherein the cable moves from the first position to the second position when the upper portion of the support member moves from the neutral state to the loaded state.

US Pat. No. 10,569,696

VEHICLE ILLUMINATED AIRFLOW CONTROL DEVICE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A light system, comprising:a bumper assembly disposed on a vehicle below a grille of the vehicle, wherein the bumper assembly includes a trim component;
a light source disposed on the trim component of the bumper assembly;
an airflow control device disposed at least partially below and rearward of the bumper assembly, wherein the airflow control device includes an upper portion and a lower portion, the upper portion defining one or more openings configured to direct airflow; and
a first luminescent structure disposed on the lower portion of the airflow control device, wherein the first luminescent structure is configured to luminesce in response to receiving excitation light.

US Pat. No. 10,569,202

TRANSMISSION FILTER

Ford Global Technologies,...

6. A transmission filter comprising:a filter housing containing filter media and defining a central opening;
a baffle fixed to the filter housing around the central opening, the baffle defining front and rear openings; and
a valve within the baffle configured to alternately prevent flow from the front opening to the central opening and from the rear opening to the central opening in response to weight of fluid on a higher side of the valve.

US Pat. No. 10,570,489

HEAT TREATMENT AND TUBE FORMING PROCESS FOR HIGH STRENGTH ALUMINUM TUBE BODY STRUCTURE REINFORCEMENTS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method of forming a tubular reinforcement, comprising:providing a 7xxx aluminum tube;
heating tube to at least 450° C.;
quenching the tube to less than 300° C. at a minimum rate of 300° C./s with no more than a 20 second delay between heating and quenching; and
pre-bending, preforming, or hydroforming the tube within 8 hours after quenching.

US Pat. No. 10,569,728

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR WATER USAGE ON-BOARD A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:selectively operating a water generator on-board a vehicle using excess electrical energy, generated at the vehicle, to harvest water from ambient air, the selectively operating based on a water level in a reservoir storing the harvested water and a state of charge of a system battery, wherein the selectively operating includes operating the water generator using the excess electrical energy when the water level in the reservoir is above a lower threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,569,735

VEHICLE SEAT BELT SYSTEM HAVING UNIFORM AIR DELIVERY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seat belt system comprising:a seat belt comprising a tubular seat belt webbing defining a passageway and a plurality of exhaust openings located along a length of the webbing; and
an air delivery device including a fan supplying forced air to the seat belt, wherein the seat belt is configured such that the air flowing out of the plurality of exhaust openings is substantially evenly distributed along the length of the webbing to create an air distribution zone proximate a seated occupant.

US Pat. No. 10,571,022

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DUAL CLUTCH TRANSMISSION CLUTCH ADAPTATION IN A HYBRID VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A driveline operating method for a vehicle comprising:operating a first clutch of a dual clutch transmission at a selected capacity to change a speed of a first transmission input shaft to a desired speed;
adjusting values of a torque transfer function of the first clutch based on a rate of the speed change; and
maintaining driver demanded wheel torque during the adjusting via controlling torque output of an electric motor positioned in the driveline.

US Pat. No. 10,569,746

SENSOR CLEANING SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising: a computer that includes a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions such that the processor is programmed to:actuate, first, a contactless cleaner upon determining that an opacity of a window of a cover of a sensor exceeds a first predetermined threshold, and, then, after actuation of the contactless cleaner and upon determining that opacity of the window exceeds a second predetermined threshold that is different than the first predetermined threshold, a contacting cleaner;
determine a change in a rotational speed of the cover upon actuation of the contacting cleaner; and
cause an adjustment to interpretation of data from the sensor according to the changed rotational speed.

US Pat. No. 10,574,099

OPTIMIZED STATOR TOOTH FOR ELECTRIC MOTOR/GENERATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electric motor/generator, comprising:an annular stator yoke lamination;
a plurality of teeth extending radially inward from a root of the annular stator yoke lamination to a flux-cap, the teeth defining interstitial slots therebetween; and
each tooth having opposite, lateral-edges spaced a distance-apart that changes between the root and the flux-cap, to establish a variable tooth-stiffness and a predetermined mechanical-resonance of the tooth.

US Pat. No. 10,570,778

COUPLING SYSTEM FOR TURBOCHARGER AND EMISSION CONTROL DEVICE

Ford Global Technologies,...

16. An engine exhaust system, comprising:a turbocharger including a turbine housing forming a first exhaust flow passage;
a catalytic converter including a catalyst housing forming a second exhaust flow passage;
a first flange formed by the turbine housing and surrounding the first exhaust flow passage, the first flange including a first planar surface extending radially from the first exhaust flow passage;
a second flange formed by the catalyst housing and surrounding the second exhaust flow passage, the second flange including a second planar surface extending radially from the second exhaust flow passage and an angled surface joined to the second planar surface, the angled surface angled away from the second planar surface, the second planar surface arranged to be parallel to the first planar surface and where a line normal to the first and second planar surfaces is arranged to be parallel to a rotational axis of the turbocharger; and
a fastener passage forming an opening at the angled surface, the fastener passage extending through the first and second planar surfaces and into the turbine housing in an orthogonal direction relative to the angled surface.

US Pat. No. 10,564,261

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE LIDAR MIRROR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A mirror assembly for a vehicle comprising:a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) sensor;
a mirror;
a metallized cover; and
a conductive mirror base coupled to the LIDAR sensor, mirror, and metallized cover to form the mirror assembly;
wherein the mirror and the metallized cover are each grounded to the conductive mirror base to help shield the LIDAR sensor from electromagnetic interference.

US Pat. No. 10,562,486

ANTI-RATTLE SEATBELT ASSEMBLY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising:a vehicle body;
a pillar trim attached to the vehicle body and a seat spaced from the pillar trim, the seat includes a seat bottom and a seatback supported by the seat bottom;
the seatback includes a side facing the pillar trim;
a seatbelt assembly attached to the vehicle body and disposed between the pillar trim and the side of the seatback, the seatbelt assembly including a webbing and a tongue slidably engaged with the webbing;
a pocket fixed to the webbing between the pillar trim and the side of the seatback, the pocket and the webbing defining a cavity therebetween;
a magnet disposed in the cavity and engageable with the tongue, the magnet fixed to the webbing;
a second magnet fixed to the pillar trim and engageable with the magnet; and
a third magnet fixed to the side of the seatback and facing the pillar trim with the magnet and the pocket being between the second magnet and the third magnet, the third magnet engageable with the tongue.

US Pat. No. 10,566,588

BATTERY CELL SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A support assembly for a battery array, comprising:a frame; and
an insert secured to the frame, the insert configured to hold at least one battery cell within the frame, the frame made of a first material and the insert made of a second material, the first material having a durometer value that is higher than a durometer value of the second material, the insert outside the least one battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,565,868

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRAFFIC LIGHT STATE ALERTS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a processor configured to:
receive a wireless light-state notification, identifying a current light-state, from another vehicle broadcasting the light-state notification wirelessly, as a first vehicle approaches a traffic light;
determine an appropriate vehicle action for the first vehicle, based on at least the light-state, a first vehicle speed and a first vehicle proximity to the traffic light; and
recommend, via an output of the first vehicle, the appropriate vehicle action to a driver of the first vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,563,566

METHOD FOR OPERATING A COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING A SPLIT COOLING SYSTEM AND CYLINDER SHUTDOWN

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:deactivating a first cylinder group of an engine during a cold-start;
independently flowing coolant to an engine block coolant jacket, a first region of a cylinder head coolant jacket, and a second region of the cylinder head coolant jacket, the second region of the cylinder head coolant jacket corresponding to a second, active cylinder groups;
stagnating coolant in the first region of the cylinder head coolant jacket corresponding to the first cylinder group and the engine block coolant jacket; and
flowing coolant to each individual cylinder head of the second, active cylinder group through separate paths, and flowing coolant through a crossover path from a coolant passage surrounding one cylinder head of the second, active cylinder group to a coolant passage surrounding another cylinder head of the second, active cylinder group,
wherein the second, active cylinder group is located interior to the first cylinder group, and
wherein each of the first and second regions of the cylinder head coolant jacket are fluidly sealed from each other and the engine block coolant jacket.

US Pat. No. 10,565,874

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CELLULAR COMMUNICATION REDIRECT AND RELAY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:receiving an assistance request from a damaged vehicle, damaged so as to be unable to receive cellular communication, relayed over a first cellular network through an undamaged vehicle having received the assistance request from the damaged vehicle;
preparing a response to the request; and
sending the response over the first cellular network and a plurality of other cellular networks to a plurality of receiving vehicles, that process the response based on receiving vehicle coordinates being within a predefined proximity of damaged vehicle location coordinates, as indicated in the response, including instructions for the receiving vehicles to broadcast the response.

US Pat. No. 10,562,558

FOLDABLE STEERING WHEEL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A powered folding steering wheel system, comprising:a steering wheel having a primary structure and a rim forming a substantially continuous ring that is pivotably connected to the primary structure;
an electric motor that is configured to rotate the rim from an upright use position to a substantially horizontal stowed position.

US Pat. No. 10,563,598

ENGINE OPERATING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:measuring a maximum in-cylinder pressure in a first cylinder via a pressure sensor; and
inferring the maximum in-cylinder pressure in a second cylinder based on a difference from the measured maximum cylinder pressure of the first cylinder, the difference determined as a function of each of intake valve closing timing of the second cylinder, and cylinder identity.

US Pat. No. 10,563,859

APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING INDEPENDENTLY CONTROLLED INDIRECT LIGHTING AND AIRSTREAM TO AN INDIVIDUAL PASSENGER OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a vent body including an air inlet and an air outlet;
an air valve carried on said vent body and displaceable between an open position and a closed position;
at least one flexible air guide carried on said vent body and adapted to direct air from said air outlet; and
a light source carried on said vent body, wherein said light source is elongated and extends parallel to said air outlet along a longitudinal axis of said vent body.

US Pat. No. 10,563,605

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING VEHICLE EMISSIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:reducing undesired emissions at a start event of an engine that propels a vehicle under conditions where a temperature of a heated exhaust gas oxygen sensor is below its desired operating temperature and where a heating element configured to heat the sensor is degraded, by providing an alternative heat source and actively routing heat from said source to the sensor to raise the temperature of the sensor to its desired operating temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,563,611

FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATION OF A FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine fuel delivery system, comprising:operating a lift pump at a voltage below a threshold value;
sending a voltage above the threshold value to the lift pump until a predetermined period of time has passed and a predetermined amount of fuel has been consumed by the engine, and then determining a volumetric efficiency of a direct injection pump; and
controlling the lift pump based on the volumetric efficiency of the direct injection pump,
wherein the volumetric efficiency of the direct injection pump on which the controlling of the lift pump is based is determined only when the voltage sent to the lift pump has been above the threshold value for the predetermined period of time, and
wherein the threshold value is at least 10 V.

US Pat. No. 10,567,983

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ADAPTIVE NETWORK SLICING IN VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a processor configured to:
determine that a first vehicle modem, predesignated to provide first communication services, is unable to provide the first communication services;
determine that the first communication services have priority over second communication services, provided by a second vehicle modem predesignated to provide the second communication services; and
responsive to the priority determination, cease second communication services on the second modem and repurpose the second modem to provide the first communication services.

US Pat. No. 10,563,630

INJECTION VALVE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for cooling an injection valve of an engine, comprising:during cylinder deactivation, flowing fuel via an additional fuel line in parallel with a reservoir volume from a lower portion to an upper portion of the injection valve coupled directly in a deactivated cylinder, the injection valve including an inlet line disposed in the upper portion, and the reservoir volume enclosing the inlet line;
dissipating heat from the fuel via cooling fins on a body of the injection valve, thereby cooling the injection valve; and
circulating the fuel through the reservoir volume via a thermosiphon effect,
wherein the injection valve includes a valve needle with a valve ball at one end and a spring at another, opposite end, and wherein the additional fuel line couples the lower portion of the injection valve proximal to the another, opposite end of the valve needle to the upper portion of the injection valve below the cooling fins.

US Pat. No. 10,565,682

CONSTRUCTING MAP DATA USING LASER SCANNED IMAGES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A computer, comprising a processor and memory that stores processor-executable instructions, wherein the processor is programmed to:receive a plurality of map-perspective patch images of a physical region near a vehicle and imaged by at least one laser scanner on the vehicle, wherein each of the plurality of map-perspective patch images represent a measure of ground reflectivity;
generate a plurality of transform patch images by applying a mathematical transform operator to at least some of the plurality of map-perspective patch images;
determine, from among the plurality of transform patch images, at least two of the plurality of transform patch images having the largest gradients;
combine the at least two of the plurality of transform patch images into a single patch image; and
construct a map patch image using the single patch image and at least one of the plurality of map-perspective patch images.

US Pat. No. 10,564,954

HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE WITH AUTOMATED SOFTWARE UPDATE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:an onboard controller configured to:
responsive to receiving a remote software update message for a vehicle, download a software update to the vehicle from a remote server; and
responsive to detecting a vehicle not in use state,
automatically configure the vehicle to a programt mode including key on, park, and engine off conditions,
flash and verify the update to one or more vehicle controllers, and
terminate the first mode and command a key off condition.

US Pat. No. 10,563,712

TRANSMISSION CLUTCH CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission comprising:an input;
an output;
a gearbox including a gearing arrangement having a plurality of shift elements selectively engageable to create power flow paths between the input and the output, wherein a first of the shift elements has a piston separating an apply chamber from a release chamber;
a hydraulic control system configured to control an apply pressure of fluid routed to the apply chamber and to independently control a release pressure of fluid routed to the release chamber; and
a controller programmed to vary the release pressure to adjust a torque capacity of the first shift element.

US Pat. No. 10,556,488

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND PURGE SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

9. A method of purging volatile organic compounds from a motor vehicle during shipping of said motor vehicle from a first point to a second point, comprising:operating a computing device in said motor vehicle in a shipping mode and thereby periodically drawing fresh air into and purging volatile organic compounds from an interior of said motor vehicle by a blower in said motor vehicle;
activating said blower, by said computing device, at predetermined intervals of time and maintaining operation of said blower following activation for a predetermined operating time;
monitoring, by sensor, voltage of a battery of said motor vehicle and terminating, by said computing device, said periodic drawing of fresh air and purging of volatile organic compounds when said voltage falls below a predetermined minimum level;
counting, by said computing device, each activation of said blower and terminating further activation of said blower upon an activation count reaching a predetermined value;
positioning a window insert in a window opening above a partially opened window of said motor vehicle in order to provide an air pathway for exhausting volatile organic compounds from said interior of said vehicle;
absorbing volatile organic compounds from air inside said vehicle with a filter pack positioned inside said motor vehicle during the shipping mode; and
replacing a first filter in a ventilation system of said motor vehicle with a second filter having less airflow resistance than said first filter thereby reducing current drawn by said blower during blower operation.

US Pat. No. 10,557,784

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EXHAUST PARTICULATE MATTER SENSING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A particulate matter (PM) sensor, comprising:a pair of continuous interdigitated electrodes formed on a sensor surface and including two planar, non-interdigitated electrode portions and a plurality of uniformly spaced protruding interdigitated electrode portions, each contiguous with and extending from one of the two planar, non-interdigitated electrode portions, positioned in a staggered arrangement along and directly on the sensor surface, where a plurality of blocks is positioned in between each alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions, wherein each of the plurality of blocks is separated from one another by a first space with no other components therebetween and composed of material that is not conducting, the first space arranged between adjacent blocks, the adjacent blocks arranged between a same alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions, and wherein each alternate pair of the interdigitated electrode portions is separated from one another by a second space with no components therebetween, the second space arranged between adjacent alternate pairs of the interdigitated electrode portions.

US Pat. No. 10,556,505

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A FUEL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

5. A manufacturing method for a fuel tank and a fuel filler pipe, comprising:welding a base end of a conical anti-siphon device to an interior of the fuel filler pipe to form a fuel filler assembly, the anti-siphon device comprising a tapered end extending into the interior of the fuel filler assembly and a plurality of rows of rounded or elongate apertures encircling the anti-siphon device within the fuel filler assembly;
then, coating the fuel filler assembly, including the welding, with an electroless nickel coating;
then, welding an external surface of the fuel filler assembly, including the electroless nickel coating, to the fuel tank; and
then, applying a second coating to the fuel filler assembly and the fuel tank, including the welding between the fuel filler assembly and the fuel tank,
wherein the electroless nickel coating is not applied to the welds on the external surface of the fuel filler assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,556,584

VEHICLE VISION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the processor to:detect water on a ground surface based on data collected from a sensor of a vehicle;
actuate a vehicle exterior light disposed on an exterior of the vehicle to illuminate a grid pattern on the ground surface;
detect a depression at a location of the detected water based on received reflections of the grid pattern; and
actuate at least one of a propulsion, a steering, or a brake to move the vehicle to a stop location exceeding a predetermined distance away from the detected depression.

US Pat. No. 10,559,931

HIGH CIRCUIT COUNT ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electrical connector comprising: a plurality of contact traces extending along a circumference of a tapered post, on a plurality of respective planes perpendicular to a post axis; and a tapered cup positioned over the tapered post, having a plurality of inward facing terminal contacts corresponding to the plurality of contact traces, wherein the terminal contacts are configured to maintain contact as the tapered cup rotates about the post axis, wherein the tapered post comprises a plurality of channels corresponding to a number of contact traces on the plurality of respective planes, wherein the plurality of channels are positioned on an outside surface of the tapered post and configured to align wiring coupled to the plurality of contact traces, wherein the outside surface corresponds to an outer circumference of the tapered post, and wherein a first plane of the plurality of respective planes comprises a different number of contact traces than a second plane of the plurality of respective planes.

US Pat. No. 10,556,625

EXTRUDED B-PILLAR REINFORCEMENT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A pillar for a vehicle comprising:an outer panel;
an inner panel; and
a reinforcement attached between the inner and outer panels, the reinforcement extending from an upper end of the inner panel to a striker attachment area on the outer panel, wherein a lower end of the reinforcement is spaced from the inner panel, wherein the reinforcement defines a plurality of closed cells with a plurality of walls extending in a vertical direction between the lower end of the reinforcement and an upper end of the reinforcement, and wherein the lower end of the reinforcement is trimmed at an angle from an outer side of the lower end of the reinforcement proximate the outer panel to an intermediate location on an inner side of the reinforcement proximate the inner panel.

US Pat. No. 10,557,399

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A VENTILATING ARRANGEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A liquid-cooled internal combustion engine comprising at least one cylinder head comprising at least one cylinder; an intake system shaped to supply air, the intake system comprising an inlet manifold laterally adjoining the at least one cylinder head and comprising a plenum chamber, from which at least one cylinder intake line branches off for each cylinder; and a liquid-type cooling arrangement comprises a cooling circuit equipped with a pump for conveying a coolant and with a ventilation vessel, the ventilation vessel is fluidly coupled to the cooling circuit of the internal combustion engine via a ventilation line and a return line, and the return line directly connects the ventilation vessel to a pump; wherein the ventilation vessel is arranged above the inlet manifold and between the inlet manifold and the at least one cylinder head, a virtual connecting line extending from the plenum chamber and the at least one cylinder head intersects the ventilation vessel.

US Pat. No. 10,560,002

COOLANT FLOW DISTRIBUTION USING COATING MATERIALS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An electric machine comprising:a stator core, within a transaxle housing, having a channel-less outer surface portion;
one or more layers of an oleophobic or hydrophobic patterned coating defining boundaries wrapping around a perimeter of the stator core; and
one or more layers of an oleophilic or hydrophilic coating on the portion within the boundaries configured to direct coolant flow over the oleophilic or hydrophilic coating within the boundaries.

US Pat. No. 10,549,756

AUTOMATIC BRAKE HOLD RELEASE DIRECTLY TO VEHICLE CREEP

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an autohold selector;
a parking brake selector;
a brake pedal:
an accelerator pedal;
a braking system adapted to enter an autohold event according to a pressed brake pedal at vehicle standstill during an active autohold mode toggled by the autohold selector; and
a controller configured to terminate the autohold event in response to either a deactivation command using the parking brake selector or accelerator pedal movement, without deactivating the autohold mode.

US Pat. No. 10,550,782

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING AN ENGINE IN HUMID CONDITIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine operating method, comprising:activating a laser ignition system of an engine and vaporizing water within a cylinder via the laser ignition system in response to an engine start prediction;
rotating the engine in a reverse direction in response to the engine start prediction; and
deactivating the laser ignition system when the engine is not started within a threshold amount of time of predicting the engine start.

US Pat. No. 10,549,809

FOLDABLE SCOOTER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A scooter comprising:a lower body having first and second ends;
a rear wheel rotatably supported by the first end;
an elongated front body having lower and upper ends;
a guide fixed to the front body extending from the lower end to the upper end;
an attachment member pivotably mounted to the second end of the lower body and engaged by the guide;
a front wheel rotatably supported by the lower end; and
a linear slide slideably engaged with the guide, wherein the linear slide is disposed between the attachment member and the guide.

US Pat. No. 10,550,615

DOOR HINGE ASSEMBLY INCORPORATING A LATCH TO FACILITATE SELECTIVE DOOR REMOVAL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle hinge assembly, comprising:a door portion;
a body portion;
a hinge pin movable between an engaged position wherein the door portion and the body portion are rotatably coupled and a disengaged position wherein the door portion and the body portion are configured to be decoupled from one another; and
a latch moveable between a locked position wherein the latch blocks movement of the hinge pin and an unlocked position wherein the latch allows movement of the hinge pin;
wherein when the hinge is in a first substantially upright orientation, the latch is configured to transition from the locked position to the unlocked position automatically when the door portion is rotated with respect to the body portion to an opened position; and
wherein when the hinge is in a second substantially upside-down orientation, the latch is configured to stay in the locked position when the door portion is rotated with respect to the body portion to the opened position.

US Pat. No. 10,549,607

LIGHTING ASSEMBLY DISPOSED ON AN INTERIOR SIDE OF A WINDOW OF A VEHICLE AND METHOD OF ILLUMINATING AN AREA OUTSIDE THE VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A lighting assembly, comprising:a first light emitting device on an interior side of a window of a vehicle; and
a second light emitting device on the interior side, the first and the second light emitting devices configured to selectively illuminate respective areas through a perimeter region of the window in response to a change in an orientation of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,549,617

AUTOMATIC CONVERTIBLE TOP MECHANISM COVER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A cover system for a convertible vehicle comprising:a roller;
a shade stored on the roller;
an actuator attached to the shade and actuatable to pull the shade from the roller to an extended position over a portion of a convertible top mechanism of the vehicle; and
a controller generating commands to drive the actuator to pull the shade to the extended position responsive to receiving signals indicative of the convertible top mechanism being in a down position.

US Pat. No. 10,549,636

INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEMS AND METHOD FOR DISPLAY AN EFFICIENCY GAUGE AND TARGET

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An information display system for a vehicle, comprising:a display including an energy consumption gauge providing measurement along an efficiency scale; and
a controller, in communication with the display, configured to
include an average efficiency indicator along the scale indicative of an efficiency of a driver of the vehicle, and
include a peer efficiency indicator, based on a peer consumption rate, along the scale indicative of an efficiency of driving peers of the driver, wherein the peer consumption rate includes an average consumption rate of a peer group of drivers with similar driving habits as a driver of a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,549,653

CABLE MANAGEMENT ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A cable management assembly configured for selective attachment to an electrified vehicle, comprising:a cable management structure; and
an electromagnet configured to be selectively activated to attach the cable management structure to an exterior of the electrified vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,549,679

LAMP SELECTIVELY CONNECTABLE TO MOVEABLE OR FIXED VEHICLE PANEL AND LAMP PLACEMENT METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A lamp placement method, comprising:under a first operating condition, operably mounting a lamp to a moveable panel of a vehicle;
under a different, second operating condition, operably mounting the lamp to a fixed panel of the vehicle,
wherein the first operating condition corresponds to the moveable panel being in a closed position, and the second operating condition corresponds to the moveable panel being in an open position; and
blocking a shifting of the vehicle to a gear if the moveable panel is in the open position and the lamp is not operably mounted to the fixed panel.

US Pat. No. 10,549,700

PICKUP BOX ADAPTABLE SIDE-MOUNTED RAIL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An accessory support for a vehicle cargo area, comprising:a guide assembly comprising a plurality of guide rails adapted to provide vertical and lateral adjustability to at least one support member adapted for slidable translation in one or more guide channels of at least one of the plurality of guide rails wherein said plurality of guide rails includes a first pair of guide rails each including one or more vehicle z-axis oriented guide channels.

US Pat. No. 10,549,707

DOOR OPENING RESTRAINT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a first pillar;
a second pillar having a distal end and spaced from the first pillar; and
an extendible member supported by the first pillar and moveable from a retracted position where the extendible member has a first length to an extended position where the extendible member extends to the second pillar spaced from the distal end and has a second length greater than the first length.

US Pat. No. 10,549,710

VEHICLE AIRBAG

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An airbag assembly, comprising:an airbag; and
a tether including a first end portion extending from the airbag, a second end portion spaced from the airbag, and an intermediate portion having a first strap and a second strap extending between and meeting each other at the first end portion and the second end portion; and
the first end portion, the second end portion, and the intermediate portion are monolithic.

US Pat. No. 10,549,723

VEHICLE OBJECT-DETECTION SENSOR ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A computer comprising a processor and a memory storing processor-executable instructions, the processor programmed to:receive data indicating a contaminant on a sensor window of a vehicle;
determine a combination of an air pressure setting of an air source and a liquid pressure setting of a liquid source to remove the contaminant from the sensor window; and
set the air source to the air pressure setting and the liquid source to the liquid pressure setting;
wherein the sensor window has zones and the data includes a location of the contaminant on one or more zones of the sensor window, and the processor is further programmed to determine the combination based at least on the location of the contaminant on the sensor window on the one or more zones to concentrate pressurized liquid from the liquid source on the one or more zones on which a contaminant is located; and
simultaneously operate the air source at the air pressure setting and the liquid source at the liquid pressure setting.

US Pat. No. 10,549,744

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR DOWNSHIFTING A TRANSMISSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A driveline operating method, comprising:via a controller, adjusting an amount of torque of a motor, adjusting a state of an engine cylinder poppet valve actuator, and adjusting, via activating or deactivating, a fuel injector operating state via one or more controllers in response to an increase in an amount of requested transmission input shaft torque and a transmission downshift request during vehicle coasting.

US Pat. No. 10,549,745

VEHICLE POWERTRAIN CONTROLLER AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a powertrain coupled to a controller configured to,
responsive to identifying a fault signal indicative of a fault with an engine of the powertrain, derate powertrain torque below a nominal maximum to a fault-torque limit; and
responsive to a torque-demand signal for a predicted interim vehicle maneuver requiring a predicted vehicle acceleration exceeding the fault-torque limit, cause the powertrain to override the fault-torque limit for a predicted duration corresponding to the predicted vehicle acceleration.

US Pat. No. 10,549,748

AUTONOMOUS MOTOR CONTROL DURING LOSS OF MOTOR COMMUNICATIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a motor configured to exchange energy with a battery;
an engine selectively coupled to the motor; and
a motor controller configured to, in response to (i) an absence of receiving a motor command signal within a predetermined time, (ii) a battery voltage being below a first threshold and (iii) a motor speed exceeding a second threshold, restrict operation of the motor to a limited operating mode and control the motor to generate a charging torque for the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,543,870

HITCH ASSIST SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hitch assist system comprising:a sensing system configured to detect a trailer proximate a vehicle;
a steering system configured to alter a path of the vehicle;
a transmission system having one or more gears therein; and
a controller for:
controlling the steering system of the vehicle along a path to align a hitch ball with a coupler of the trailer;
detecting a fault of the steering system or a gear change in the transmission system and pausing a hitch assist operation of the vehicle; and
monitoring the coupler during repositioning of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,547,502

VEHICLE COMMUNICATIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising,a telematics control unit (TCU) configured to,
periodically record in a log wireless activity data relating to an authentication, attachment, signaling, detachment, and handover procedure of the TCU to provide one or more remote vehicle services, and
responsive to detecting a cellular malfunction from the logged data, wirelessly transmit at least a portion of the log that corresponds to the cellular malfunction offboard the vehicle for a remote diagnostic server; wherein
the periodically recorded wireless activity data includes first data that relates to an authentication, attachment, signaling, detachment, or handover activity of the TCU corresponding to the cellular malfunction, and second data that relates to an authentication, attachment, signaling, detachment, or handover activity of the TCU that is not associated with the cellular malfunction,
the TCU is further configured to record the wireless activity data in the log transmitted offboard the vehicle responsive to detecting the cellular malfunction as the wireless activity data is periodically collected by the TCU, and
the log is a first log of the TCU, and the TCU is further configured to, responsive to a component malfunction of the TCU,
record data indicative of the component malfunction in a second log of the TCU, and
wirelessly transmit at least a portion of the first log and the second log offboard the vehicle for the remote diagnostic server.