US Pat. No. 10,106,087

DETACHABLE WORKPIECE SUPPORT APPARATUS FOR A TAILGATE STEP

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A pick-up truck comprising:a truck bed having a tailgate openable to provide access to the truck bed and closeable to contain cargo on the truck bed;
a step supported on step support tubes extended from a receptacle defined within the tailgate to be disposed between a ground surface and the tailgate;
a pair of working surface support bars attached to one of the step support tubes and extending horizontally and rearward from a rear edge of the tailgate with the tailgate open for supporting a workpiece while work is performed on the workpiece; and
a pair of risers attached to one of the step support tubes and a distal end of one of the workpiece support bars.

US Pat. No. 10,109,176

POWER GENERATION SHUTDOWN ALERT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method, comprising:controlling a vehicle in a Power Generation mode by commanding an engine and an electric machine of the vehicle to generate and supply power to an electrical accessory separate from the vehicle, and controlling the vehicle includes communicating an alert to a location remote from the vehicle in response to disabling the Power Generation mode of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,106,092

EXPANDABLE AND RECONFIGURABLE CONSOLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A console, comprising:a base; and
a bin supported on said base, said bin having a first section and a second section, said first section including a first U-shaped wall having a first open end, said second section including a second U-shaped wall having a second open end, said first open end being oriented toward said second open end whereby said first section and said second section define a variable volume storage compartment.

US Pat. No. 10,099,539

VARIABLE TRANSMISSION MOON ROOF MODULE WITH MULTIPLE TRANSPARENT PANELS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A moon roof module, comprising:a first transparent panel;
a second transparent panel;
a third transparent panel packaged completely within a compartment between said first transparent panel and said second transparent panel;
a perimeter wall extending between said first transparent panel and said second transparent panel, said compartment being defined by said first transparent panel, said second transparent panel and said perimeter wall;
a first seal sealing between the first transparent panel and the perimeter wall and a second seal sealing between the second transparent panel and the perimeter wall so as to environmentally seal the compartment;
an actuator configured to displace said third transparent panel within the compartment between a first position wherein said moon roof module is in a transparent state and a second position wherein said moon roof module is in an opaque state;
a first polarized film on said second transparent panel; and
a second polarized film on said third transparent panel;
wherein the second transparent panel and the third transparent panel switch the moon roof module from said transparent state to said opaque state with linear translation of the third transparent panel.

US Pat. No. 10,099,582

PIVOTAL HEAD RESTRAINT WITH ADJUSTABLE SIDE WINGS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A head restraint, comprising:a central part;
a fastener for fastening said central part to a backrest of a vehicle seat, said fastener including two struts and a horizontal pivot axis extending between said two struts, wherein said two struts are arranged parallel to one another and extend into said backrest; and
at least one side wing pivotally attached to said central part wherein said central part is displaceable about said horizontal pivot axis between a parking position and at least one supporting position and said at least one side wing is displaceable between a neutral position and at least one comfort position, wherein said central part extends in a plane across a top of said backrest when in said parking position.

US Pat. No. 10,100,873

RADIALLY DEFLECTABLE BUSHING AND STEERING GEAR ASSEMBLY USING THE SAME

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A bushing, comprising:a single wall; and
a plurality of leaf springs coupled to one another, each of the plurality of leaf springs forming an inner contact face of the bushing configured to contact a steering gear and an outer contact face of the bushing configured to contact a steering gear housing, wherein the wall is configured to be positioned in an annular shape such that the inner and outer contact faces form at least a portion of an inner surface and an outer surface of the annular shape, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,100,706

UREA MIXER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A mixer comprising:a hollow, annular ring having an internal exhaust passage, the annular ring including exhaust gas inlets located on a downstream inner surface and exhaust gas outlets located along an intersection between an upstream inner surface and the downstream inner surface adjacent to a throat of a venturi passage upstream of an SCR device, the annular ring having an outer annular surface upstream and downstream of the throat in face-sharing contact with an exhaust pipe sharing a central axis with the annular ring: and a urea injector positioned to inject into the annular ring.

US Pat. No. 10,099,726

PATCH WELDED BLANK ON AN A-PILLAR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a body including an A-pillar having a first surface defining a C-channel; and
a support disposed on the body, aligned and in contact with the C-channel such that the support defines a shape that matches a shape of the first surface and extends along an entirety of the first surface, wherein the support is attached to the A-pillar via pre-forming spot welds defining an orientation such that a distance between welds, defined from a central axis of each weld, increases from a point defined on the first surface as the welds attach the support to the first surface away from the point along the entirety of the first surface within a single plane being parallel to the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,100,771

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SENSOR RATIONALITY CHECK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine comprising:sensing fuel vapor vented from a fuel vapor canister to atmosphere via a sensor; and
during purging of the fuel vapor canister,
actuating valves to flow desorbed hydrocarbons from the fuel vapor canister to the engine,
sensing desorbed hydrocarbons with the sensor positioned in the flow path of the desorbed hydrocarbons, and
determining sensor degradation based on the sensed desorbed hydrocarbons.

US Pat. No. 10,100,773

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DUAL FUEL ENGINE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

5. A method, comprising:injecting a first fuel into an engine cylinder via one of a port and a direct injector while injecting a second fuel into the engine cylinder via the other of the port and the direct injector, wherein the second fuel has a higher heat of vaporization than the first fuel, and wherein the second fuel comprises one or more of a lower molecular weight than the first fuel and a lower stoichiometric air-fuel ratio than the first fuel;
adjusting an estimated engine volumetric efficiency based on a fraction of a total fuel injection amount that is delivered as the first fuel, based on a fraction of the total fuel injection amount that is delivered as the second fuel, based on whether the first fuel was delivered via the port or direct injector, and based on whether the second fuel was delivered via the port or direct injector, wherein for a given fuel, the estimated engine volumetric efficiency is greater when that fuel is direct injected than when it is port injected, wherein for the port injector, the estimated engine volumetric efficiency is greater when the port injector injects the first fuel than when the port injector injects the second fuel, and wherein for the direct injector, the estimated engine volumetric efficiency is determined based on a partial pressure of the fuel injected by the direct injector, which is greater when the direct injector injects the second fuel than when the direct injector injects the first fuel, and the heat of vaporization of the fuel, wherein for the direct injector, the estimated engine volumetric efficiency decreases for increases in the partial pressure of the fuel injected by the direct injector and increases for increases in the heat of vaporization of the fuel injected by the direct injector; and
adjusting an engine operating parameter based on the adjusted estimate.

US Pat. No. 10,094,737

AIRBAG TESTING APPARATUS HAVING AN ANTHROPOMORPHIC TEST DEVICE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A test apparatus comprising:a linear motion generator;
an airbag spaced from the linear motion generator;
a plate moveable by the linear motion generator toward the airbag;
a platform fixed relative to the plate and moveable with the plate from an initial position to a test position spaced from the airbag;
an anthropomorphic test device adjacent the airbag and including an end coupled to the platform; and
a crushable member disposed between the plate and the platform during all positions of the platform from the initial position to the test position, the crushable member being deformable by the plate.

US Pat. No. 10,086,731

FLEXIBLE VEHICLE SEAT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seat, comprising:a seat portion having a metal frame;
a plurality of air bladders disposed in the seat portion and operated via centrally bundled air passageways that extend vertically through the metal frame and into a central area of the seat portion;
a support plate supported on the plurality of air bladders; and
a controller configured to control an inflation level of the plurality of air bladders, wherein each air bladder of the plurality of air bladders is selectively and independently controlled by the controller and the air passageways to adjust a position of the support plate, the air passageways extending from the controller to the central area between the plurality of air bladders.

US Pat. No. 10,086,734

VEHICLE BEVERAGE HOLDER ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A beverage container holder, comprising:a beverage container receptacle;
a gimbal set including outer, middle and inner gimbals surrounding and connected to the receptacle to correct a position of the receptacle in response to an external force; and
an outer cover extending from the outer gimbal and having a first position extending over at least a portion of the middle gimbal and a second position contacting the middle gimbal to inhibit the external force.

US Pat. No. 10,083,553

ELECTRIC VEHICLE SUPPLY EQUIPMENT DIAGNOSTIC METHOD AND ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A diagnostic reporting method, comprising:receiving diagnostic data from electric vehicle supply equipment; and
reporting the diagnostic data through an interface of an electrified vehicle to a device different than the electrified vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,082,796

PEDESTRIAN FACE DETECTION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A controller for a vehicle, comprising a processor and a memory storing processor-executable instructions, the processor programmed to:detect a pedestrian in a camera image;
determine whether a face of the pedestrian is present in the image;
detect a lane adjacent the vehicle and on an opposite side of the vehicle from the pedestrian;
determine that the adjacent lane has sufficient space free of obstacles;
cause the vehicle to change lanes based on an absence of the face and on the adjacent lane having sufficient space free of obstacles;
maintain the vehicle in a present lane based on a lack of the adjacent lane, the adjacent lane having insufficient space free of obstacles, or the presence of the face;
determine whether the vehicle contains occupants; and
actuate brakes to brake based on the absence of the face and an absence of occupants.

US Pat. No. 10,081,279

ARTICULATING THIGH EXTENSION TRIM TENSIONING SLIDER MECHANISM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:a seat frame;
a first extendable member disposed on a forward portion of the seat frame and operable between an extended position and a retracted position; and
a second extendable member adjacent to and independent of the first extendable member, the second extendable member disposed on the forward portion of the seat frame and operable between extended and retracted positions;
wherein each of the first and second extendable members comprises a movable housing, a trim cover stock disposed above an upper surface of the movable housing and having a first fixed upper edge, an integrated track disposed on a lower surface of the movable housing, a trim payout slider operably coupled with the integrated track and adapted for fore and aft motion therein, a trim payout attachment operably coupled with the trim payout slider and operably coupled with a second lower movable edge of the trim cover stock, and a linkage system operatively coupling the movable housing to the trim payout attachment to maintain tension on the trim cover stock as either of the first and second extendable members is operated between the extended and retracted positions;
wherein the trim payout attachment is operably coupled with the second lower movable edge of the trim cover stock evenly across a lateral width of the second lower movable edge of the trim cover stock; and
wherein the trim payout slider has a pair of outwardly extending and opposing shoulders above a central body and a lower rail and the integrated longitudinal track comprises a longitudinal slot disposed in a lower surface of a lower clamshell of the movable housing that receives the central body of the trim payout slider, the longitudinal slot having a lateral width less than the lateral width of each of the outwardly extending and opposing shoulders and the lower rail, whereby the trim payout slider is retained in the longitudinal slot.

US Pat. No. 10,081,291

ANCHOR PLATE FOR PICK-UP TRUCK BOX

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A truck box comprising:a wall of the truck box having an exterior surface defining a recessed base;
an anchor plate having a connection wall spaced from the base and a pair of longitudinal mounting flanges secured to the base, the connection wall defining a pair of openings elongated in a vertical direction relative to a truck box floor and horizontally separated by a tie-down bar spaced from the base;
a protrusion on an inner surface of the wall opposite the recessed base in the exterior surface; and
a reinforcing brace attached to the wall contacting the protrusion to reinforce the inner surface of the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,065,539

MECHANICAL SEAT DUMP ASSEMBLY WITH REMOTE ACTUATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A seat dump assembly, comprising:an actuator;
a fixed track;
a carriage displaceable along said fixed track;
a first cable connecting said actuator to said carriage;
a spool carried on said carriage;
a spool retainer;
a first biasing element biasing said carriage into a home position with said spool held in said spool retainer;
a seat dump mechanism;
a second cable connecting said spool to said seat dump mechanism; and
a second biasing element eliminating slack and winding said second cable onto said spool.

US Pat. No. 10,069,123

BATTERY PACK SECURING METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of securing a battery pack to an electrified vehicle, comprising:moving a battery pack enclosure relative to a portion of an electrified vehicle to fully transition a protrusion from a disengaged position with a bracket to an engaged position with the bracket, the protrusion in the engaged position securing the battery pack enclosure to the electrified vehicle, the protrusion and the bracket both positioned laterally within a perimeter of the battery pack enclosure when the protrusion is in the engaged position, the perimeter established by a plurality of sidewalls and endwalls of the battery pack enclosure; and
further securing the battery pack to the electrified vehicle using a fastener that is positioned outside of the perimeter.

US Pat. No. 10,065,540

SEATING ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A seating assembly comprising:a seatback operably coupled to a support structure; and
a seatbase pivotably coupled to the seatback, wherein the seating assembly is configured to slide along a slide rail in a floor to a stowed position, wherein the slide rail has an arcuate portion that is vertically displaced from a linear portion of the slide rail, and wherein the arcuate portion defines a terminal end of the slide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,065,565

LINEAR-TRAVEL HANGER ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:a retainer assembly positioned in a rearward portion of a seatback, wherein the retainer assembly comprises:
a recess;
a bezel positioned about a perimeter of the recess; and
a linear-travel hanger assembly extendably coupled to the recess, wherein the linear-travel hanger assembly, when in a stowed position, engages with the bezel in a substantially continuous manner such that a snagging hazard is avoided for occupants of a rearward portion of a vehicle, wherein the linear-travel hanger assembly is movable between the stowed position and a use position via a push-push mechanism, wherein the push-push mechanism comprises a locking channel that guides a locking member through a travel path, wherein the travel path is generally pentagonal in shape with a first face of the pentagon having an indentation intermediately spaced therein that defines a first apex, thereby creating a six-sided polygon, wherein a second apex is in direct line with the first apex, wherein the first and second apexes each represent one of the stowed position and the use position, and wherein the locking member remains in a substantially constant vertical position while traversing the travel path.

US Pat. No. 10,065,569

VEHICLE CENTRE CONSOLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A reversible pad for a vehicle centre console, the reversible pad comprising:a first side provided with a utility surface, wherein the utility surface is selected from a first group consisting of at least one of a waterproof fabric, a scratch resistant surface, and a wear resistant fabric;
a second side provided with a luxury surface, wherein the luxury surface is selected from a second group consisting of at least one of a leather surface, a suede surface and a soft fabric surface; and
a hinge mechanism that enables the reversible pad to be transitioned between the first side being uppermost and the second side being uppermost, wherein the hinge mechanism comprises at least a first arm to interface with the reversible pad and at least a second arm to interface with the centre console, a cross bar linking the first arm and the second arm and an internal pin configured to enable the reversible pad to be rotated by 180°,
wherein the reversible pad is configured to engage with a centre console with either the first side or the second side uppermost.

US Pat. No. 10,065,571

STRUCTURAL SUBWOOFER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising:a wheel-house assembly;
a D-pillar; and
a subwoofer disposed between the D-pillar and the assembly, and including a carbon-fiber case having a first attachment attached to the assembly and a second attachment attached to the D-pillar to form a structural bridge spanning between the D-pillar and the assembly and defining a load path from the assembly, through the case, and into the D-pillar.

US Pat. No. 10,065,579

SCUFF PLATE FOR CARGO RETENTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:rear seats movable between a use position and a stowed position;
a closeout panel that extends over the rear seats when the rear seats are placed in the stowed position;
a cargo-area floor panel positioned rearward of the rear seat; and
a ramped scuff plate positioned between the cargo-area floor panel and a liftgate when the liftgate is in a closed position, wherein the ramped scuff plate comprises a sloped front side in physical contact with the cargo-area floor panel.

US Pat. No. 10,065,636

VEHICLE TIRE SATURATION ESTIMATOR

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle stability control system comprising:a vehicle having a tire;
a stability control computer mounted in the vehicle, the stability control computer programmed to:
calculate a slip ratio for the vehicle tire;
calculate a traction force applied to a road surface by the tire;
calculate tire stiffness for the tire by dividing the traction force by the slip ratio;
calculate tire saturation from tire stiffness and a tire saturation membership function;
wherein the tire saturation membership function includes a first tire stiffness value representing an unsaturated tire, a second tire stiffness value representing a saturated tire, and a function line connecting the first tire stiffness value to the second tire stiffness value;
make changes to vehicle operation when the tire saturation is greater than 0 and less than 1 such that a magnitude of the changes becomes progressively stronger as the tire saturation approaches 1, the making changes including implementing varying degrees of stability control outputs according to the tire saturation membership function; and
when the tire saturation indicates that the vehicle tire is saturated, modifying the vehicle operation by at least one of reducing engine power, change vehicle power distribution through active differentials, engaging one or more wheel brakes effective to provide improved vehicle dynamic control.

US Pat. No. 10,066,741

TRANSMISSION AND HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission comprising:a torque converter having an impeller, a turbine, and a stator and defining a converter chamber;
a bypass clutch configured to selectively couple the impeller to the turbine in response to a hydraulic pressure difference between an apply chamber and a balance chamber;
a hydraulic control system having a converter charge circuit to supply fluid to the converter chamber, a converter return circuit to receive fluid from the converter chamber, a bypass clutch apply circuit in fluid communication with the apply chamber, and a lubrication circuit in series with the converter return circuit;
a bypass clutch regulator valve configured to adjust a pressure in the bypass clutch apply circuit in response to a current to a variable force solenoid; and
a converter charge regulator valve configured to adjust a pressure in the converter charge circuit in response to the current to the variable force solenoid.

US Pat. No. 10,065,482

VEHICLE FLOW INFLUENCING ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle flow influencing assembly, comprising:a deflector formed together with a seal that provides a portion of a glass run for a side window of a vehicle, the deflector projecting outward from the vehicle when the side window is lowered such that the deflector influences flow over an opening to a passenger compartment of the vehicle, the deflector configured to move from a deployed position to a retracted position in response to movement of the side window toward a closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,065,230

METHODS OF FORMING HOLLOW EXTRUDED VEHICLE FRAME COMPONENT FOR SUBASSEMBLY ATTACHMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for forming a vehicle header beam, comprising:providing an extruded hollow member having a central portion, exterior walls enclosing an elongated internal volume and a pair of interior walls extending along the elongated internal volume;
bending the extruded hollow member to form a curvature; and
forming a formation in the central portion and a bottom exterior wall that protrudes into the elongated internal volume between the interior walls for attaching a subassembly, wherein the forming a formation step further includes deforming a bottom surface of the bottom exterior wall into the elongated internal volume with a first tool and supporting an upper surface of the bottom exterior wall with a second tool to regulate deformation caused by the first tool.

US Pat. No. 10,065,491

BATTERY PACK CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY AND CONNECTING METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A connector assembly, comprising:a bottom brace at least partially disposed beneath an enclosure of a battery pack to provide an open area vertically between the enclosure and a floor of the bottom brace;
a side brace at least partially disposed alongside the enclosure to provide an open area laterally between the enclosure and a floor of the side brace; and
a bracket connecting the bottom and side braces to a vehicle structure, the bottom and side braces each directly secured to the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,061,557

METHOD OF CONTROLLING AUDIO SPEAKER SETTINGS IN A VEHICLE BASED ON DYNAMIC DETERMINATION OF THE OCCUPANCY STATE OF A REAR ROW OF SEATING AND A VEHICLE PROVIDING SUCH CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of controlling audio speaker settings in a vehicle with a rear row of seating comprising:requesting an operator of the vehicle to make a choice between:
a first option, wherein the vehicle automatically controls audio speaker settings based on a dynamically determined occupancy state of the rear row of seating; and
a second option, wherein the vehicle recommends audio speaker settings to the operator based on the dynamically determined occupancy state;
dynamically determining the occupancy state;
if the operator chooses the first option, then automatically controlling audio speaker settings based on the dynamically determined occupancy state; and
if the operator chooses the second option, then providing recommended audio speaker settings to the operator based on the dynamically determined occupancy state.

US Pat. No. 10,060,361

METHOD FOR PERFORMING A CHARGE EXCHANGE IN AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for performing a charge exchange in an internal combustion engine comprising:at least one cylinder head with at least one cylinder, each cylinder having at least one inlet opening for the supply of fresh air via an intake system and having at least one outlet opening for discharging exhaust gases via an exhaust-gas discharge system and having a piston which is movable along a piston longitudinal axis between a bottom dead center and a top dead center, and
at least two valve drives with at least two valves which are movable along their longitudinal axes between a valve closed position and a valve open position, performing a maximum valve lift, in order to open up and block the at least one inlet opening and the at least one outlet opening of the at least one cylinder during the course of a charge exchange, and having at least two actuating devices for opening the valves counter to a preload force,
wherein an inlet valve of the at least one inlet opening is actuated to perform an additional valve lift before the piston, during the course of the charge exchange, reaches top dead center and before the inlet valve, during the course of the charge exchange, performs the maximum valve lift, and
wherein an outlet valve of the at least one outlet opening is actuated to perform an additional valve lift before the piston, during the course of the charge exchange, reaches bottom dead center and after the outlet valve, during the course of the charge exchange, has performed the maximum valve lift.

US Pat. No. 10,060,365

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR VACUUM GENERATION USING A THROTTLE BODY COMPRISING A SLIDABLE THROTTLE VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A throttle coupled in an intake conduit of an engine intake, comprising:a throttle body;
a slidable throttle valve included within the throttle body that slides only parallel to and along a longitudinal axis of the conduit to vary a minimum opening height; and
an inwardly projecting fixed flange coupled within the throttle body, the flange or throttle comprising a hollow passage coupling a vacuum consumption device to an interior of the throttle body.

US Pat. No. 10,060,367

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR HIGH FUEL VAPOR CANISTER PURGE FLOW

Ford Global Technologies,...

11. A system for an engine, comprising:a fuel vapor canister partitioned into a fresh air side and a load/purge side;
a fuel tank; and
a bifurcated vapor line connecting the fuel vapor canister to the fuel tank, a first segment of the line comprising a restricted orifice disposed within the first vapor line segment and connecting to the fuel vapor canister on the fresh air side, a second segment of the vapor line comprising a vacuum blocking valve (VBV) disposed within the second vapor line segment and connecting to the vapor canister on the load/purge side.

US Pat. No. 10,060,382

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRE-IGNITION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:indicating imminent pre-ignition in a cylinder responsive to an amount of residuals received or generated in the cylinder, the amount of residuals based on a peak exhaust pressure amount and timing, and an intake manifold pressure; and
adjusting fueling of the cylinder based on the indication and further based on the amount of residuals.

US Pat. No. 10,056,072

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ELECTRONIC SOUND ENHANCEMENT TUNING

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method of enhancing sound in a vehicle, the method comprising:sampling, with a microphone, an audio profile of vehicle noises in a cabin of the vehicle;
comparing, with a processor, the sampled audio profile to a model audio profile; and
when the sampled audio profile does not satisfy a similarity threshold, applying, with the processor, a convergence function to specify an audio signal to play on speakers of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,054,036

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR WATER INJECTION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:injecting a larger proportion of water upstream than downstream of a charge air cooler while operating the cooler in a heating mode; and
injecting a larger proportion of water downstream than upstream of the charge air cooler while operating the cooler in a cooling mode.

US Pat. No. 10,053,050

ENERGY ABSORBING SEAT BELT RETRACTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A seat belt retractor comprising:a shaft;
a reel secured to and rotating with said shaft;
a disc on, and connected to, said shaft for movement along said shaft in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis of said shaft; and
one of said reel and said disc having a friction member connected thereto.
US Pat. No. 10,053,567

RECYCLED POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITIONS AND VEHICULAR COMPONENTS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A recycled polypropylene-based composition, comprising:39% to 45% recycled polypropylene copolymer;
27% to 43% recycled polypropylene homopolymer;
0.5% to 2.5% coupling agent;
0.01% to 0.5% flow enhancing agent;
0.5% to 1.5% coconut shell powder;
5% to 10% synthetic filler; and
10% to 17% carbon fiber;
wherein, all stated percentages are weight percentages based on the total weight of the composition; and
wherein, the composition has a flexural modulus between and including 6000 MPa and 8500 MPa.

US Pat. No. 10,056,642

BATTERY ASSEMBLY INCLUDING BATTERY CELLS WRAPPED WITH THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE FILM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

17. A battery assembly, comprising:a battery cell; and
a thermally conductive film covering a bottom surface, opposing end walls, and opposing side walls of the battery cell but only partially covering a top surface of the battery cell;
wherein the thermally conductive film includes a first flap and a second flap that extend toward one another along the top surface but terminate short of one another to establish an exposed surface on the top surface.

US Pat. No. 10,055,904

VEHICLE GATEWAY NETWORK PROTECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method to protect a vehicle, the method comprising:intercepting messages sent by a telematic dongle by a gateway that physically separates the telematic dongle from a vehicle data bus;
when the gateway is in a field state, blocking the messages sent by the telematic dongle to the vehicle data bus that include a first type of request; and
in response to the gateway transitioning to the field state, blocking the messages sent by the telematic dongle to the vehicle data bus that include the first type of request and a second type of request for a period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,047,695

CRANKCASE OIL CATCHER WITH MOVABLE GUIDE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A crankcase assembly for an engine comprising:a crankcase comprising a crank sump; the crank sump comprising a primary sump volume and a secondary sump volume;
one or more crankcase oil catchers, the crankcase oil catchers comprising one or more surfaces configured to catch dispersed oil in the crankcase and direct the oil along the surfaces of the crankcase oil catcher away from a crankcase casing wall and towards the crank sump, wherein the crankcase oil catchers are provided above a crankshaft and below an associated piston of the engine; and
a guide configured to collect oil captured by one or more of the crankcase oil catchers and guide the oil to the primary sump volume, wherein the guide is provided beneath a bottom edge of the one or more crankcase oil catchers such that oil falling from the bottom edge of the crankcase oil catchers drops onto the guide at least when in the first configuration, and wherein at least a portion of the guide is movable between:
a first configuration in which the guide collects oil captured by the one or more crankcase oil catchers that would otherwise have flowed into the secondary sump volume and guides the oil to the primary sump volume; and
a second configuration in which the guide permits oil captured by the one or more crankcase oil catchers above the secondary sump volume to flow into the secondary sump volume.

US Pat. No. 10,046,681

ARTICULATING MECHANICAL THIGH EXTENSION COMPOSITE TRIM PAYOUT LINKAGE SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:a seat frame;
a first extendable member disposed on a forward portion of the seat frame and operable between an extended position and a retracted position; and
a second extendable member adjacent to and independent of the first extendable member, the second extendable member disposed on the forward portion of the seat frame and operable between extended and retracted positions;
wherein each of the first and second extendable members comprises a movable housing, a support base attached to the seat frame and slidably coupled to the movable housing, a trim cover stock partially disposed above an upper surface of the movable housing and having a first fixed upper edge and a second movable lower edge, a linkage system operatively coupling the movable housing to the second movable lower edge of the trim cover stock to maintain tension on the trim cover stock as either of the first and second extendable members is operated between the extended and retracted positions, an integrated track disposed on a lower surface of the movable housing, a trim payout slider operably coupled with the integrated track and adapted for fore and aft motion therein, and a trim payout attachment operably coupled with the trim payout slider and operably coupled with a second movable lower edge of the trim cover stock;
wherein the linkage system comprises a pivot bracket pivotally connected at a first end to a first fixed pivot mounted to the support base and pivotally connected at a second end to a second displaceable pivot mounted to a trim payout slider; and
wherein the trim payout slider is operably coupled with the second movable lower edge of the trim cover stock.

US Pat. No. 10,041,451

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING AIR FLOW PATHS IN AN ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:flowing intake air through a heat exchanger and selectively to each of an intake system and an exhaust system;
flowing exhaust gas through an energy recovery device coupled with the heat exchanger, through the heat exchanger, and selectively to each of the intake and exhaust system; and
adjusting the flow of intake air and exhaust gas through the heat exchanger in response to an output of the energy recovery device.

US Pat. No. 10,036,681

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR AN EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS SYSTEM LEAK TEST USING AN EXTERNAL PRESSURE SOURCE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:at engine shut-down, applying pressure stored in a coolant system degas bottle, coupled to an engine cooling system and to a fuel system via a vapor line, to the fuel system including a fuel vapor canister coupled to an engine intake and a fuel tank; and
indicating a leak in the fuel system responsive to a pressure measured by a pressure sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,023,010

MICRO-ELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEM FOR USE IN VEHICLE DOORS TO INCREASE SOUND QUALITY VEHICLE PERFORMANCE OF THE VEHICLE DOORS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising: a micro-electromechanical sensor attached to a door and in communication with a processor; anda speaker in communication with the processor; wherein
operation of the door toward a closed position is measured by the micro-electromechanical sensor to define a corresponding door acceleration, the processor determines a corresponding door-operating event based on the corresponding door acceleration and the speaker delivers a corresponding audio signal in response to the corresponding door-operating event, wherein the audio is a noise-canceling signal that is inversely defined by a door noise signature of the corresponding door-operating event, wherein the noise-canceling signal is defined by the processor after the corresponding door-operating event is determined; wherein the corresponding door-operating event is a closure of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,023,100

ILLUMINATED TRIM ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle trim assembly, comprising:a seal disposed around a periphery of a member, the member defining a light transmissive portion disposed between a first, opaque portion vehicle outward of the transmissive portion and a second, opaque portion vehicle downward of the transmissive portion;
a light source operably coupled to a light guide, wherein the light guide transmits light along the member and the seal prevents light leakage between the member and a body panel; and
a first photoluminescent structure disposed on the light guide.

US Pat. No. 10,023,146

VEHICLE SEAT ASSEMBLY INCLUDING AIRBAG

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

19. A seat assembly comprising:a seatback;
a seat bottom extending away from the seatback; and
an airbag supported by the seat bottom;
the airbag including a middle member spaced from the seatback and having a first end and a second end; and
the airbag including a first side member extending from the first end toward the seatback, a second side member extending from the second end toward the seatback, and a tether extending from the first side member to the second side member, the seatback being disposed between the seat bottom and the tether.

US Pat. No. 10,023,179

MINIMIZING ENGINE PULL-UPS AND GEAR SHIFTS IN A HYBRID VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

12. A method of controlling a powertrain in a vehicle, comprising:during a first driving event, performing multiple transmission gear shifts by engaging, disengaging, and slipping clutches; and
during a second driving event, inhibiting transmission gear shifts based on a penalizing factor representing a specific amount of fuel consumption based on the engaging, disengaging, and slipping of the clutches performed during the first driving event.

US Pat. No. 10,023,190

METHOD AND CONTROL FOR OPERATING A TRANSMISSION IN NEUTRAL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle powertrain comprising:a transmission including first and second neutrals having different combinations of engaged clutches; and
a controller programmed to
responsive to, the transmission being in the first neutral and an engine-torque request exceeding a threshold value, shift the transmission to the second neutral, and
responsive to, the transmission being in the first neutral and the engine-torque request exceeding the threshold value, limit engine torque to a magnitude less than the engine-torque request.

US Pat. No. 10,024,252

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR AN EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An exhaust gas recirculation system for an engine of a motor vehicle comprising:an exhaust gas recirculation passage connecting an exhaust gas outlet from the engine to an air inlet of the engine, an exhaust gas recirculation valve for controlling a flow of exhaust gas through the exhaust gas recirculation passage and an electronic controller to control opening and closing the exhaust gas recirculation valve during engine operation and to control the exhaust gas recirculation valve to perform at least one valve cleaning operation to remove deposits from the exhaust gas recirculation valve when the engine is deactivated, wherein the electronic controller is further operable to delay execution of the at least one valve cleaning operation following a shutdown of the engine to allow cooling of the exhaust gas recirculation valve to take place thereby reducing a likelihood that deposits will reform on the exhaust gas recirculation valve after the valve cleaning operation has taken place, wherein the delay is between the shutdown of the engine and a start of the valve cleaning operation and is based upon a comparison of a measured temperature with a temperature limit, wherein the delay is adjusted based on an ambient temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,024,254

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR OPEN LOOP AND CLOSED LOOP CONTROL OF AN EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:during a first condition, operating an EGR valve based on an error between a desired DP sensor output and a measured DP sensor output, and adjusting spark timing based on the measured DP sensor output; and
during a second condition, operating the EGR valve independent of the DP sensor output, and adjusting spark timing based on an intake carbon dioxide sensor voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,017,099

TONNEAU COVER WITH TWO SETS OF FOLDING LEGS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A tonneau cover, comprising:a first panel;
a first set of folding legs carried on said first panel;
a second set of folding legs carried on said first panel wherein first set of folding legs have a first length L and said second set of folding legs have a second length L2 where L1>L2;
a second panel, wherein said second panel includes a third set of folding legs having a length L3 and a fourth set of folding legs having a length L4 where L3>L4, and wherein L3=L1 and L4=L2;
a third panel, wherein said third panel includes a fifth set of folding legs having a length L5 and a sixth set of folding legs having a length L6 where L5>L6, and wherein L5=L3=L1 and L6=L4=L2; and
a first hinge assembly connecting said panel to said second panel and a second hinge assembly connecting said second panel to said third panel, wherein said first hinge assembly includes (a) a first section comprising a slotted wall defining a cylindrical bore and (b) a second section comprising a cylindrical body carried on a lug.

US Pat. No. 10,018,133

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO EXTEND OPERATING TIME OF VALVE ACTUATORS OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

15. An engine system, comprising:an engine including one or more cylinder deactivating mechanisms;
a controller including executable instructions stored in non-transitory memory to adjust an engine operating range that defines where engine cylinders may be deactivated in response to an actual total number of valve actuator state changes being greater than a first threshold, and deactivate engine cylinders according to the engine operating range.

US Pat. No. 10,020,475

BATTERY ASSEMBLY REINFORCEMENT MEMBER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A battery assembly, comprising:a tray;
a battery array atop said tray;
a cover positioned about said battery array; and
a foam reinforcement member disposed between said cover and said battery array, wherein said foam reinforcement member is T shaped and extends between said cover and said battery array and between said battery array and a second battery array.

US Pat. No. 10,014,794

POWER INVERTER ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electronic device for an electric powertrain of a vehicle, the device comprising:a power module assembly including a housing defining a first side, and an array of power modules disposed within the housing in a linear stack, wherein the stack includes a plurality of coolant chambers interleaved with the power modules, and wherein each of the power modules includes a switching unit and first electrical contact patches, associated with the switching unit, at least partially embedded in the first side and having an attachment surface substantially parallel to the first side;
a capacitor assembly including a housing defining a second side and attached to the power module assembly such that the second side is substantially coplanar with the first side, and an array of second electrical contact patches at least partially embedded in the second side and having an attachment surface substantially parallel to the second side; and
a busbar mechanically and electrically coupling at least one of the first contact patches to at least one of the second contact patches.

US Pat. No. 10,011,215

ILLUMINATED CHROMATIC EMBLEM ASSEMBLY WITH MICRO LEDS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An illuminated emblem assembly for an engine compartment, comprising:a power source;
a light-producing assembly that is coupled to the power source, supported by a backing member, and comprises (a) a chromatic layer comprising an emblem shape over and in contact with the light-producing assembly and (b) a plurality of randomly oriented light-emitting diode sources; and
a polycarbonate sealing structure over the chromatic layer that seals the backing member, the light-producing assembly, and the chromatic layer,
wherein the shape is visible under ambient lighting.

US Pat. No. 10,011,219

ILLUMINATED BADGE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a body panel;
a badge attached to the panel and including a substrate and a housing attached thereto and defining a cavity therebetween;
a reflective member disposed within the cavity; and
a light source within the cavity configured to emit an excitation light in a first direction to illuminate a viewable portion of the badge and in a second direction towards the reflective member, wherein the reflective member redirects the excitation light through a peripheral portion of the badge.

US Pat. No. 10,011,223

VEHICLE ROTARY LAMP WITH VARIABLE INTENSITY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A light assembly comprising:a lamp;
a rotary bezel supporting the lamp;
a capacitive sensor comprising at least one electrode movable relative to a conductive structure during rotation of the bezel for sensing rotational position of the bezel; and
a controller for controlling intensity of light emitted by the lamp based on the sensed rotational position of the bezel.

US Pat. No. 10,011,234

VEHICLE GARMENT HOOK ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle garment hanger assembly comprising:a housing mounted on a vehicle;
a fixed garment hanger extending forward of the housing;
a first rotatable garment hanger connected to the housing and rotatable between deployed and retracted positions; and
a second rotatable garment hanger connected to the housing and rotatable between deployed and retracted positions, wherein the first and second rotatable garment hangers rotate in opposite lateral directions about pivot axes perpendicular to the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,011,238

SPACE FILLER WITH A VACUUM COVER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A space filling panel for a vehicle comprising:a polystyrene layer comprising a plurality of polyurethane chips; and
a polyethylene cover forming a vacuum sealed space;
wherein the polystyrene layer comprising the plurality of polyurethane chips is positioned in the vacuum sealed space.

US Pat. No. 10,011,243

PASSENGER AIRBAG HAVING HEAD ORIENTING EXTENSION AND DEPRESSION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An airbag comprising:a main portion having a first periphery and being inflatable in an inflation direction to a first thickness;
an extension being inflatable in the inflation direction to a second thickness, the extension having a second periphery spaced from the first periphery in a cross-vehicle direction and defining a gap therebetween;
a depression disposed between the main portion and the extension at the gap and having a third thickness in the inflation direction less than the first thickness and the second thickness, the depression including an impact surface extending downwardly from the gap and arcuately extending between the main portion and the extension in the cross-vehicle direction.

US Pat. No. 10,011,263

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING HYBRID VEHICLE SHIFTING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hybrid powertrain system, comprising:a drivetrain including an engine;
a transmission including a torque converter; and
a controller including executable instructions stored in non-transitory memory for operating the drivetrain with a first inertia and adjusting a torque converter impeller torque during transmission gear shifting in response to the first inertia and operating the drivetrain with a second inertia and adjusting the torque converter impeller torque during transmission gear shifting in response to the second inertia, where the first inertia does not include an inertia of the engine, and where the torque converter impeller torque is based on an offset that is related to driveline spin losses.

US Pat. No. 10,011,269

IDENTIFYING IN-RANGE FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR ERROR

Ford Global Technologies,...

16. A hybrid vehicle, comprising:a powertrain comprising an engine, a motor/generator, a battery, and a transmission coupled to vehicle wheels;
a fuel system comprising a fuel tank, a fuel lift pump, a pressure sensor arranged downstream of an output of the lift pump in the fuel system, and a pressure relief valve;
a controller including non-transitory memory with instructions stored therein which are executable by a processor to:
in response to a request to dynamically learn a fuel vapor pressure of the fuel system during pulsed operation of the lift pump with requested vehicle wheel torque above a first threshold, mechanically couple a crankshaft of the engine to the motor/generator, decrease engine load until an output signal of the pressure sensor remains constant for at least a first threshold duration while converting electrical energy to torque with the motor/generator and providing the torque the vehicle wheels, and store the pressure at which the output signal remains constant as the fuel vapor pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,011,277

VEHICLE COLLISION AVOIDANCE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising:a computer including a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the computer to:
predict a path of a target object;
predict a path of a non-moving host vehicle from a standstill based on at least one of a predetermined host vehicle acceleration and a predetermined host vehicle speed;
determine a threat number for the target based at least in part on the predicted path of the host vehicle, the threat number indicating a probability of a collision between the target and the host vehicle; and
actuate a brake of the host vehicle when the threat number is above a threat number threshold to apply a brake hold to prevent the host vehicle from moving.

US Pat. No. 10,011,283

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DRIVING VEHICLE ACCESSORIES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a driveline of a vehicle, comprising:unlocking a torque converter clutch and driving on-board vehicle accessories via an accessory drive coupled to the driveline at or downstream of a torque converter turbine and upstream of a transmission gear clutch in response to a request to drive the on-board vehicle accessories and decelerate the vehicle in a first mode.

US Pat. No. 10,011,308

TAILGATE ASSEMBLY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A tailgate assembly comprising:a tailgate elongated along an axis from a vehicle-left end to a vehicle-right end and including a left pocket at the vehicle-left end and a right pocket at the vehicle-right end;
a left workpiece holder having an L shape and configured to slidably engage the left pocket along the axis; and
a right workpiece holder having an L shape and configured to slidably engage the right pocket along the axis.

US Pat. No. 10,012,159

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A SPLIT EXHAUST ENGINE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:in response to an electric motor driving an electric compressor positioned upstream of a turbocharger compressor in an intake passage, adjusting a position of a valve in an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) passage coupled between the intake passage and a first exhaust manifold of a first set of exhaust valves, based on a pressure in the first exhaust manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,011,182

INDUCTIVE CHARGER ALIGNMENT SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An inductive charger alignment system for a vehicle, comprising:an on-board inductive receiving coil adapted to charge an on-board power source;
an alignment controller coupled to the receiving coil; and
a headlamp coupled to the controller,
wherein the controller is configured to vary an illumination state of the headlamp to communicate an alignment between the receiving coil and an off-board inductive transmitter coil to an on-board driver.

US Pat. No. 10,005,461

BRAKE ASSISTED VEHICLE ENGINE RESTART ON A ROAD GRADE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

7. A system for restarting an engine of a vehicle stopped on a grade, comprising:wheels for propelling the vehicle;
wheel brakes for alternately holding and releasing rotation of the wheels;
a brake system for pressurizing the wheel brakes;
the engine;
a starter motor connectable to the engine;
a transmission engaged in a gear through which the engine is drivably connected to the wheels; and
a controller configured to automatically stop the engine, automatically apply brake pressure to produce wheel brake torque capacity sufficient to hold the vehicle stationary on the grade and oppose combustion torque when the engine restarts, use the starter motor to crank the engine initiating an engine restart, start a timer, automatically release brake torque if the timer expires before engine restart speed peaks, maintain said brake torque and reset the timer if the engine restart speed peaks before the timer expires, and automatically release brake torque if the reset timer expires or the engine produces a road gradient wheel torque.

US Pat. No. 10,005,497

EXTRUDED ALUMINUM TAILGATE COVER WITH TRACK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A tailgate assembly comprising:a truck tailgate having a front panel and an upper panel adjacent to the front panel;
a top cover disposed on the upper panel extending along the tailgate; and
a cover on the tailgate defining a T-shaped track extending along the tailgate configured to slidably receive a fastening element, the T-shaped track including opposing lips spaced above a bottom track surface, wherein the lips are configured to retain the fastening element.

US Pat. No. 10,000,129

ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING VIA GRID AND ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an engine;
a traction battery; and
a controller configured to,
responsive to battery charge current from a battery charge station being less than a maximum charge current while the vehicle is parked and in fast charge mode, operate the engine to generate current to increase a charge rate of the battery, and
responsive to a signal indicative of a future route expected to traverse a green zone, inhibit operation of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,002,470

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PREDICTIVE DRIVING DEMAND MODELING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a processor configured to:
record vehicle inputs, environmental variables and vehicle state changes during travel over a predefined distance;
compare the recorded inputs, variables and state changes to predetermined values to determine that a correlation, indicating driving demand above a threshold, exists; and
automatically engage a vehicle safety measure to block a predefined instance of blockable, demand-increasing information from being presented to a driver, responsive to determining the demand above the threshold.
US Pat. No. 9,987,626

USE OF TRANSITION METALS TO REDUCE COLD START EMISSIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hydrocarbon trap catalyst, comprising:a first zeolite layer of a first zeolite material and including copper present at 15% to 75% of an ion-exchange level of the first zeolite material;
a second zeolite layer of a second zeolite material and including at least one of nickel and manganese present at 50% to 100% total of an ion-exchange level of the second zeolite material; and
a three-way catalyst layer,
the first and second zeolite materials are zeolites beta having a 3-D network of 12-ring pores and a silica-alumina ratio of 25 to 50.

US Pat. No. 9,987,922

CAPLESS REFUELING MECHANISM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A capless refueling mechanism, comprising:a body including an opening adapted to receive a fuel nozzle;
a door pivotably coupled to the body and adapted to cover the opening;
a pair of arms, each rotatably coupled to the body about an arm axis arranged parallel to a central axis of the body and each including a first mating structure adapted to mate with the door, wherein each arm of the pair of arms includes a curved vertical front surface, a guide flange extending from a top portion of the arm, a hooked protrusion on a back surface of the arm, the back surface opposite the curved vertical front surface, and a tapered opening in a bushing.

US Pat. No. 9,987,944

ELECTRIC VEHICLE OPPORTUNISTIC CHARGING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a traction battery;
an engine to output power for propelling the vehicle and selectively charging the traction battery; and
a controller programmed to, responsive to receiving indication of upcoming stop-start traffic, schedule battery charging in advance of the stop-start traffic to store sufficient energy to propel the vehicle during the stop-start traffic with the engine off.

US Pat. No. 9,988,046

ENHANCED COLLISION AVOIDANCE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising a computer including a processor and a memory storing instructions executable by the processor, the instructions including:detecting a driver input representing a steering maneuver associated with non-autonomous operation of a host vehicle;
identifying a first target vehicle in an adjacent lane relative to the host vehicle;
determine a threat level associated with the first target vehicle based on a predicted path of the first target vehicle; and
allowing the steering maneuver when a second target vehicle is detected in an original lane relative to the host vehicle and preventing the steering maneuver when no second target vehicle is detected in the original lane of the host vehicle and the threat level exceeds a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,975,476

ILLUMINATED VEHICLE FOOT PEDAL ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An illuminated vehicle foot pedal assembly comprising:a foot pedal;
at least one light source located on the foot pedal for illuminating light rearward of the pedal in at least a portion of a foot well area;
at least one proximity sensor disposed on the pedal for sensing an operator's foot proximate to the pedal; and
a controller for controlling illumination of the at least one light source based on the sensed proximity of the foot.

US Pat. No. 9,976,503

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING CHARGE AIR COOLER CONDENSATION STORAGE AND/OR RELEASE WITH AN INTAKE OXYGEN SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine method, comprising:determining an estimated amount of water in charge air exiting a charge air cooler based on an output of a first oxygen sensor positioned downstream of the charge air cooler;
adjusting engine actuators based on the estimated amount of water; and
indicating degradation of the first oxygen sensor positioned downstream of the charge air cooler based on a second oxygen sensor positioned in an intake passage of the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,976,512

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH DIRECT INJECTION AND REDUCED PARTICULATE EMISSIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A control method for an internal combustion engine, comprising:calculating an initial starting time for when an injection of fuel will be injected into a combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine in accordance with operating parameters of the internal combustion engine;
detecting a first engine load of the internal combustion engine at a first time;
detecting a second engine load of the internal combustion engine at a second time following the first time;
comparing the first engine load with the second engine load;
calculating a delay time period in accordance with a result of the comparison of the first and the second engine load; and
injecting the fuel into the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine, beginning at a time offset from the initial starting time by the delay time period, wherein the delay time period has a positive value when the second engine load is greater than the first engine load, and wherein the delay time period has a negative value when the second engine load is less than the first engine load, wherein the delay time period is furthermore calculated in accordance with a temperature of the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine, and wherein the delay time period has a first magnitude when the temperature of the combustion chamber has a first temperature value, and in which the delay time period has a second magnitude, which is less than the first magnitude, when the temperature of the combustion chamber has a second temperature value, which is greater than the first temperature value.

US Pat. No. 9,975,507

REINFORCEMENT BLOCK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle bumper assembly, comprising:a fascia;
a bumper beam arranged inside of the fascia including an upper bumper portion and a lower bumper portion; and
an L-shape strip arranged on -the upper bumper portion, the strip including a fillet extending from an inner corner of the strip and increasing thickness at the inner corner to absorb energy to engage a chamfered edge defined by the upper portion of the bumper beam.

US Pat. No. 9,975,514

AUTOMOTIVE AIR BAG CHUTE DOOR HINGE WITH VARIABLE EXTENSION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An air bag chute assembly for an automotive instrument panel, comprising:an outer collar configured to attach to the instrument panel;
a tubular chute extending interiorly from the collar to a lower end defining a deployment path configured to receive an inflating air bag from an air bag module;
a door flap disposed in an upper end of the chute rotatable from the collar to emerge from the instrument panel; and
a hinge comprising a plurality of S-shaped extendable hinge straps laterally spaced along one edge of the door flap to attach the door flap to the collar, wherein a first hinge strap proximate one lateral end of the hinge has a first length which is shorter than a second length of a second hinge strap proximate an opposite lateral end of the hinge, thereby restricting rotation of the door flap at the one lateral end and producing uneven door swing.

US Pat. No. 9,975,518

AIRBAG

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An airbag assembly for a vehicle comprising:an airbag including a tether and an inflator to inflate the airbag when deployed;
wherein the tether is coupled to an outer wall of the airbag at a bifurcated first end of the tether, the tether being configured to form a pleat in the outer wall of the airbag when the airbag is fully inflated;
wherein the tether is coupled to the outer wall at a location such that the pleat at least partially unfolds during an impact between an occupant of the vehicle and the airbag; and
wherein, via unfolding the pleat, tension in a portion of the outer wall of the airbag is reduced when inflated and during an initial period of an impact between an occupant of the vehicle and the airbag.

US Pat. No. 9,975,529

PERFORMANCE ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKE CONTROLLERS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An apparatus comprising:a controller configured to:
electromechanically actuate rear brake calipers of a vehicle in response to a first set of operating conditions of the vehicle;
hydraulically actuate front brake calipers and the rear brake calipers of the vehicle in response to a second set of operating conditions of the vehicle; and
hydraulically actuate only the rear brake calipers in response to a third set of operating conditions of the vehicle;
wherein the first set of operating conditions includes a position of a parking brake lever of the vehicle satisfying a position threshold and a speed of the vehicle not satisfying a speed threshold, wherein the second set of operating conditions includes the position satisfying the position threshold, the speed satisfying the speed threshold and a driving mode of the vehicle being a non-performance mode, and wherein the third set of operating conditions includes the position satisfying the position threshold, the speed satisfying the speed threshold and the driving mode being a performance mode.

US Pat. No. 9,975,547

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR AUTOMATICALLY DETECTING AND RESPONDING TO DANGEROUS ROAD CONDITIONS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method comprising:automatically identifying, by a vehicle, an impending traversal of the vehicle over a bridge;
sensing, at the vehicle, at least one condition indicating an accumulation of ice on the bridge;
calculating a speed of the vehicle needed to prevent longitudinal slip between the vehicle and the bridge; and
automatically slowing the vehicle at a rate sufficient to enable the vehicle to reach the calculated speed by the time it reaches the bridge.

US Pat. No. 9,975,578

LIGHT WEIGHT HYBRID B-PILLAR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A structural member for a vehicle comprising:an outer panel defining a U-shaped channel, the outer panel being formed from a first material;
a reinforcement panel defining a U-shaped channel, the reinforcement panel being formed from a second material different than the first material and formed to attach to the outer panel; and
an inner panel defining a U-shaped channel, the inner panel being formed from a third material different than the first and second materials and formed to attach to the reinforcement panel through ultrasonic welding such that the outer panel, reinforcement panel, and the inner panel are oriented along an axis and span an entire length of each of the U-shaped channels to define an 8 ply, laminated structural member.

US Pat. No. 9,972,815

TRACTION BATTERY SPACER WITH RETENTION ELEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A battery comprising:cells stacked in an array;
spacers interleaved with the cells;
a retainer attached to one of the spacers and defining a slot;
a busbar disposed in the slot; and
a flap directly connected to the retainer via a hinge and pivotable between an open position in which the flap is parallel with the retainer and a closed position in which the flap is folded over the busbar and perpendicular with the retainer.

US Pat. No. 9,969,276

PLUG-IN VEHICLE WITH SECONDARY DC-DC CONVERTER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a traction battery;
an auxiliary battery;
one or more electrical loads connected to the auxiliary battery;
a charger;
a first DC-DC converter electrically connected with the auxiliary battery and configured to be selectively electrically connected with the traction battery; and
a second DC-DC converter electrically connected between the auxiliary battery and the charger, wherein the charger is configured to charge the auxiliary battery via the second DC-DC converter for a predetermined time before enabling power to the electrical loads when the charger is receiving power and the first DC-DC converter is disconnected from the traction battery.

US Pat. No. 9,970,379

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR FUEL RAIL PRESSURE RELIEF

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:during an engine warm idling condition,
maintaining direct injectors disabled until a direct injection fuel rail pressure is reduced by a high pressure pump relief valve; and
then further reducing the direct injection fuel rail pressure via intermittent activation of the direct injectors.

US Pat. No. 9,970,390

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REMOVING COKING DEPOSITS IN A FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for removing coking deposits from at least one injection nozzle of an Otto-cycle engine, the at least one injection nozzle configured to inject fuel directly into a combustion chamber of the Otto-cycle engine, where the Otto-cycle engine receives intake air via at least one intake unit which serves exclusively for conducting intake air, and where the at least one intake unit includes a humidification unit, which when activated, injects a humidifying fluid into intake air flowing through the at least one intake unit with water, wherein the humidification unit has at least one evaporator or atomizer which evaporates or atomizes the humidifying fluid prior to injection of the humidifying fluid into the intake air in response to a temperature of the intake air decreasing below a threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,964,090

CONTROL OF A ROLLING STOP-START VEHICLE ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of controlling an engine of a vehicle comprising:stopping the engine by a controller in response to
a speed of the vehicle falling within a specified range in an absence of propulsive demand, and
a starter battery voltage being greater than a threshold that varies according to the speed.

US Pat. No. 9,963,066

VEHICLE RUNNING BOARD THAT PROVIDES LIGHT EXCITATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A lighting system of a vehicle, comprising:a photoluminescent structure coupled to an exterior of the vehicle; and
a running board coupled to the vehicle and comprising:
a housing having opposing first and second edges;
a light source located inside the housing and disposed in greater proximity to the second edge than the first edge; and
a light guide configured to direct light from the light source toward the first edge;
a first optic adjacent the first edge and configured to direct light toward the photoluminescent structure; and
a second optic adjacent the first edge and configured to direct light toward a ground surface.

US Pat. No. 9,963,099

STEERING WHEEL ASSEMBLY INCLUDING AN AIRBAG TETHER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A steering wheel assembly comprising:a steering wheel;
an airbag supported by the steering wheel;
a unitary airbag tether including a first end and a second end spaced from the first end, the airbag being disposed between the steering wheel and the airbag tether;
a first ring rotatably supported by the steering wheel, the first end and the second end of the airbag tether being coupled to the first ring;
a second ring fixed relative to the steering wheel and rotatably supporting the first ring; and
a ballast weight fixed to the first ring;
wherein the first ring is circular and the airbag tether is offset from a center of the first ring toward the ballast weight.

US Pat. No. 9,963,143

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE SUBSYSTEM FAILURE MITIGATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method, comprising:determining a current vehicle braking capacity exceeds each of a location of a first braking target and a mitigation threshold at a current vehicle speed;
comparing the current vehicle speed to an engine braking threshold; and
generating a transmission control message providing data to operate a vehicle transmission;
wherein, where the current vehicle speed is above the engine braking threshold, the transmission control message provides data to operate the vehicle transmission to inhibit transfer of an input torque through the vehicle transmission; and
wherein, where the current vehicle speed is below a wheel lock threshold, the transmission control message further provides data to operate the vehicle transmission to inhibit rotation of an output shaft of the vehicle transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,956,946

METHOD FOR CLEANING A VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

12. A system for cleaning a brake booster aspirator shut-off valve or a throttle of an engine, comprising:the shut-off valve being operable to selectively permit flow of intake air through an aspirator, the aspirator bypassing the throttle of the engine and providing a vacuum source for a brake booster,
one or more controllers including executable instructions stored in memory for:
determining whether the shut-off valve requires cleaning;
at least partially opening the shut-off valve so as to permit a flow of air through the shut-off valve and clean the shut-off valve; and
adjusting the throttle position of the engine to compensate for additional flow of intake air through the aspirator.

US Pat. No. 9,954,320

CABLE CONNECTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A linked cable assembly comprising:a pair of shielded cables having inner cores and inner shields;
a connector assembly electrically linking the shielded cables and comprising:
a conductive shield housing;
an insulator disposed within the shield housing;
a conductive busbar contacting the insulator, but not the shield housing
a pair of rings crimped to the inner shields and contacting the shield housing; and,
a pair of spring clamps fastened to the shield housing;
wherein the inner shields are electrically linked via the conductive shield housing, and the inner cores are electrically linked via the busbar.

US Pat. No. 9,952,304

VEHICLE POSITIONING SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

14. A system, comprising a computer in a vehicle, the computer including a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the processor to:receive a synchronization signal and collect a rolling shutter image of a modulated light on a sensor, the rolling shutter image including a plurality of images of locations along a path of travel of a vehicle;
determine a primary frequency from the rolling shutter image; and
compare the primary frequency to an expected primary frequency image to determine a directional movement related to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,951,827

METHOD TO IDENTIFY AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION LUBRICATION OIL FLOW RATES CORRESPONDING TO A RUNNING VEHICLE WITHOUT DIRECT OIL FLOW MEASUREMENTS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of determining automatic transmission lubrication fluid flow rates corresponding to a running vehicle without direct oil flow measurements, the method comprising:obtaining a set of in-vehicle clutch torques for a chosen clutch pack during a gear shift event for a set of shift conditions;
performing a series of bench tests at various clutch pack clearances and lubrication oil flow rates for the set of shift conditions;
adjusting a set of clutch pack clearances and lubrication oil flow rates during the series of bench tests in response to a difference between bench-test measured clutch torques and the corresponding in-vehicle clutch torques exceeding a threshold;
estimating an in-vehicle transmission lubrication oil flow rate at the chosen clutch pack for the set of shift conditions in response to the difference between bench-test measured clutch torques and the corresponding in-vehicle clutch torques being less than the threshold;
recording the estimated real in-vehicle transmission lubrication oil flow rate for a first engine condition and transmission oil temperature, corresponding to a given transmission gear position;
reproducing the steps of measuring, performing, adjusting, estimating, and recording for other engine conditions and transmission fluid temperatures, corresponding to other given transmission gear positions;
constructing a functional map of in-vehicle transmission lubrication oil flow rates at the clutch packs for the given transmission gear positions for the first and other engine conditions and transmission oil temperatures; and
adjusting controls of the transmission based on the functional map of in-vehicle transmission lubrication oil flow rates for desired lubrication oil distributions within the transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,951,861

TRANSMISSION HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission comprising:a positive displacement pump configured to deliver fluid to a pump output circuit at a flow rate that is substantially proportional to a pump displacement and a pump speed, the pump displacement decreasing in response to increasing pressure in a displacement control circuit; and
a priority valve configured to reduce a flow rate in a lubrication circuit in response to the pressure in the displacement control circuit being less than a threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,944,148

ANTI-ROLL SYSTEMS AND RELATED METHODS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first stabilizer bar having a first end to operatively couple to a first wheel assembly of a vehicle;
a second stabilizer bar having a first end to operatively couple to a second wheel assembly of the vehicle; and
a rotary damper to couple a second end of the first stabilizer bar and a second end of the second stabilizer bar, a damping characteristic of the rotary damper to vary based on a driving condition of the vehicle, the rotary damper to vary the damping characteristic without receiving electrical power.

US Pat. No. 9,944,243

PROTECTIVE GUARD FOR RESTRAINTS CONTROL MODULE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A guard comprising:a corrugated base;
right and left corrugated walls extending above the base and having a lower end continuous and integral with right and left edges of the base, wherein the right and left corrugated walls are spaced from a restraints control module attached to the base; and
a gusset formed where the lower end of the right and left corrugated walls are joined to the right and left edges of the base.

US Pat. No. 9,945,300

TRANSMISSION INPUT TORQUE MANAGEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of operating a vehicle during a drive cycle comprising:repeatedly measuring a transmission output torque;
repeatedly measuring a transmission input speed;
repeatedly estimating a torque on a transmission component based on the output torque and input speed measurements; and
adjusting an engine torque in response to the estimated component torque approaching a predetermined limit value to avoid over-loading the transmission component.

US Pat. No. 9,944,322

COMPOSITE SUBFRAME DETACHMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle underbody structure comprising:a metal floor; and
a subframe including a composite end joint secured to the floor via a bolt, wherein the end joint defines a collar and a tapered notch configured to slidably receive the bolt in response to relative movement between the subframe and floor to split the notch and fracture the collar from the subframe, wherein the tapered notch extends completely through the end joint.

US Pat. No. 9,914,419

RADAR MOUNTING DEVICE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A process for operating a radar mounting device to install a radar module on a vehicle bumper, comprising:
attaching studs of a radar mounting device to a vehicle bumper;
hanging the radar module on the studs; and
fastening grommets having flexible tabs to the studs by snap-fitting the flexible tabs around a ball portion of each stud
and fastening a nut to a respective one of the studs.

US Pat. No. 9,914,421

SEATBACK FLEXIBLE SLIP PLANE JOINT FOR SIDE AIR BAG DEPLOYMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seatback assembly comprising:
a cushion assembly having a seating surface;
a back panel having a first side portion, a second side portion, and a back portion, wherein a first living hinge is disposed
between the first side portion and the back portion and a second living hinge is disposed between the second side portion
and the back portion;

a frame disposed between the back panel and the cushion assembly;
a peripheral cushion structure supporting a periphery of the cushion assembly;
a closeout panel coupled with the back panel and disposed behind the peripheral cushion structure to define a peripheral gap
between the closeout panel and the peripheral cushion structure that extends around sides of said seatback assembly;

a shingled portion of the closeout panel extending behind and coupling with the back panel; and
an airbag coupled with the frame and configured to deploy between the closeout panel and the back panel, wherein the second
side portion and the second living hinge define a triangular section configured to flex away from the closeout panel when
the airbag is deployed.

US Pat. No. 9,915,239

VEHICLE START-STOP SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle starter assembly comprising:
a switching circuit configured to operate in a charging state and a discharging state;
a first energy storage device and a second energy storage device electrically connected to the switching circuit, wherein
the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device are connected in parallel to one another in the charging
state and in series with one another in the discharging state;

a current control circuit electrically connected to the first energy storage device; and
a processor programmed to detect an engine request and output a switch control signal that toggles the switching circuit between
the charging state and the discharging state, wherein the processor is programmed to output a current control signal to the
current control circuit and wherein the current control circuit is programmed to maintain a constant magnitude of current
flow through the first energy storage device and the second energy storage device in accordance with the current control signal.

US Pat. No. 9,915,303

CLUTCH SYSTEM FOR MANUAL TRANSMISSION VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine;
a manual transmission;
a clutch including a disk biased to engage a flywheel, a manually operated first actuator that disengages the disk, and a
second actuator that disengages the disk responsive to an electric signal; and

a controller configured to
receive an engine start signal and engage a parking brake,
command the second actuator to disengage the disk, and
start the engine responsive to the second actuator disengaging the disk.

US Pat. No. 9,915,089

METHOD OF CONTROLLING A SUNROOF OF A PARKED VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of controlling a sunroof of a parked vehicle, comprising the steps of:
determining a state of an accessory after a state of an engine changes from an on state to an off state;
initiating a timer when the state of said engine changes from the on state to the off state if said accessory is in an off
state;

closing the sunroof after a period of time has elapsed if said engine and said accessory remain in off states;
sensing for precipitation throughout the period; and
closing the sunroof and sensing for motion within a passenger compartment upon sensing precipitation regardless of whether
the period of time has elapsed, and foregoing the step of closing the sunroof if motion is sensed within the passenger compartment.

US Pat. No. 9,909,514

DIRECT INJECTION OF DILUENTS OR SECONDARY FUELS IN GASEOUS FUEL ENGINES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a turbocharged engine, comprising:
after port injecting a first quantity of a first gaseous fuel into an intake port upstream of an engine cylinder during a
cylinder cycle, direct injecting a second quantity of a second, liquid fuel into the engine cylinder at a first timing that
is a function of a desired post-ignition air-fuel ratio including:

determining whether engine knock is detected or anticipated;
determining whether engine power and/or torque demand is greater than a threshold;
responsive to the detection or anticipation of engine knock, and the engine power and/or torque demand not being greater than
the threshold, direct injecting the second quantity of the second, liquid fuel after spark during a power stroke in the cylinder
cycle;

responsive to the engine knock not being detecting or anticipated, and the engine power and/or torque demand being greater
than the threshold, direct injecting the second quantity of the second, liquid fuel before spark during a compression stroke
in the cylinder cycle; and

responsive to the detection or anticipation of engine knock, and the engine power and/or torque demand being greater than
the threshold, direct injecting the second quantity of the second, liquid fuel after bottom dead center of an exhaust stroke
of the cylinder cycle.

US Pat. No. 9,909,538

VAPOR BLOCKING VALVE MOUNTING SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A mounting system for a vapor blocking valve, comprising:
a base member comprised of:
a baseplate having a first surface adapted to bear against a vehicle structure and having an opposed second surface;
a lock pin and an alignment pin extending from the first surface and adapted to engage holes in the vehicle structure to retain
the baseplate; and

at least two bendable wings extending from the second surface, wherein the wings have a rest position, and wherein the wings
are bendable toward one another to a release position; and

a clip member comprised of:
an adjustment plate engaging the second surface and having an aperture receiving the wings; and
a clamp fixed to the adjustment plate and configured to snap onto the vapor blocking valve;
wherein the wings and the aperture have a matching profile for selectably locking the clip member at one of a plurality of
rotational orientations when the wings are at the rest position, and wherein the clip member is movable between rotational
orientations with the wings bent to the release position.

US Pat. No. 9,909,583

GEROTOR PUMP FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

15. An inner rotor for a gerotor pump comprising:
a body having first and second ends separated by an outer wall defining a series of (N) teeth, wherein (N/2) or fewer teeth
each define a passage and are nonsequentially arranged in the series of teeth, each passage having an axial aperture extending
through the body and intersecting first and second grooves defined by the first and second ends, respectively, and extending
across the respective tooth.

US Pat. No. 9,909,630

CLUTCH SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

8. A clutch comprising:
a piston and a backing plate defining a chamber therebetween, the piston having a protrusion extending into the chamber;
a spring retainer,
secured to the plate within the chamber,
defining an orifice between inner and outer diameters of the retainer, and
having a projection that extends from the orifice and into the chamber beyond the protrusion when the piston is disengaged;
and

a spring disposed around the protrusion within the orifice.

US Pat. No. 9,908,394

PROTECTIVE COVER SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A protective cover system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a first roller;
a first cover wound onto said first roller;
a second roller; and
a second cover wound onto said second roller;
wherein said first cover is displaceable between a first stowed position wound onto said first roller and a first deployed
position covering a bumper of the motor vehicle and the second cover is displaceable between a second stowed position wound
onto said second roller and a second deployed position overlying an interior cargo floor of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,903,307

METHOD OF FUEL INJECTION CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
in response to predicted peak in-cylinder pressure for a planned main fuel injection into a cylinder occurring later than
a threshold timing, splitting the planned main fuel injection into at least a first and a second injection, wherein the first
injection is advanced relative to a timing of the planned main fuel injection; and

adjusting a timing and duration of each of the first and second injections based on a peak pressure target of the cylinder,
wherein the engine is a boosted engine including an intake compressor driven by an exhaust turbine, and
wherein the duration of the second injection is further adjusted based on an inlet temperature of the turbine, the duration
decreased as the turbine inlet temperature increases above a threshold temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,902,315

PHOTOLUMINESCENT LIGHTING APPARATUS FOR VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle illumination apparatus comprising:
at least one light generating layer configured to conform to an outer surface of a panel comprising:
a plurality of electrodes;
a plurality of LEDs dispersed in a semiconductor ink disposed between the electrodes operable to emit a first emission; and
a controller configured to:
receive a speed signal configured to indicate the speed of the vehicle;
selectively activate the plurality of LEDs in response to a navigational direction of the vehicle exceeding a first threshold
or a second threshold; and

apply the first threshold in response to identifying the speed less than the predetermined speed and apply the second threshold
in response to the speed exceeding the predetermined speed.

US Pat. No. 9,902,362

AIRBAG ASSEMBLY INCLUDING AIRBAG AND PANEL HAVING DEPRESSED REGION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle interior comprising:
a roof;
an airbag supported by the roof;
a panel extending from a first apex to a second apex, the first apex and the second apex being spaced from the airbag;
the panel including a depressed region between the first apex and the second apex, the depressed region being attached to
the airbag;

wherein the panel extends from the second apex to a third apex, and wherein the panel includes a second depressed region between
the second apex and the third apex, the second depressed region being attached to the airbag.

US Pat. No. 9,903,265

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING CHARGE AIR COOLER CONDENSATION STORAGE WITH AN INTAKE OXYGEN SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine method, comprising:
decreasing charge air cooler efficiency based on a water storage rate at a charge air cooler greater than a threshold rate,
the water storage rate estimated based on an output of an oxygen sensor positioned at an outlet of the charge air cooler and
ambient humidity.

US Pat. No. 9,903,299

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR POWER TAKE OFF DEVICE TORQUE DELIVERY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a vehicle with a power take off (PTO) device coupled to an engine, comprising:
estimating a PTO load based on a difference between engine torque output and torque converter torque output; and
adjusting engine torque output based on the estimated PTO load during a transition between engine states.

US Pat. No. 9,896,130

GUIDANCE SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE REVERSING A TRAILER ALONG AN INTENDED BACKING PATH

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A guidance system for a vehicle reversing a trailer, comprising:
a display; and
a controller configured to generate a steering icon on the display, wherein the steering icon recommends a steering direction
and a steering magnitude related to a steering device of the vehicle in order to correct a deviation from an intended backing
path.

US Pat. No. 9,898,142

TOUCH DETECTION ON A CURVED SURFACE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising:
a curved window;
a light energy emitter arranged exterior to the curved window;
a light energy receiver arranged exterior to the curved window and arranged to detect light energy emitted by the light energy
emitter, the light energy unobstructed by the curved window between the light energy receiver and the light energy emitter;
and

the light energy passing over a touchpad provided on the curved window.

US Pat. No. 9,889,740

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO CONTROL ENGINE MOUNT TEMPERATURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a frame;
an internal combustion engine mounted to the frame via an engine mount;
a heating element disposed in the mount;
an external power source coupled to the vehicle by one of direct and indirect coupling; and
an electronic control unit (ECU) electronically coupled to the heating element wherein the ECU activates the heating element
in response to an indication that the engine is likely to be started within a predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 9,890,576

ACTIVE DOOR OPERATION BASED ON VOICE COMMANDS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A control system for a vehicle door, comprising:
a door pivotally coupled to a vehicle body by a hinge assembly mounted on both the door and the vehicle body;
a power assist device coupled to the door and having a driveshaft fixedly coupled to the hinge assembly, wherein the power
assist device is positioned outside of the door, and further wherein the power assist device pivots along a vertical pivot
axis defined by the driveshaft;

a sensor; and
a controller:
receiving a signal from the sensor;
identifying a recognized user from voice command data within the signal;
interpreting a control command from the voice command data within the signal; and
causing the power assist device to move the door in response to the control command.

US Pat. No. 9,894,492

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING MOBILE DEVICE LOCATION RELATIVE TO VEHICLE CABIN

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a plurality of antennas positioned at locations inside and outside a vehicle cabin, each antenna being in wireless communication
with an external mobile device and being associated with signal strength information; and

a central module in communication with the antennas and configured to:
identify the antennas with the two strongest signals, and
determining that one of identified antennas is positioned outside the vehicle cabin and one inside opposite the other relative
to vehicle cabin, and if a difference between the signal strength of the identified antennas exceeds a threshold value, identifying
the mobile device as being located in the same position relative to the vehicle cabin as the first antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,889,887

TWELVE-CORNERED STRENGTHENING MEMBER FOR A VEHICLE WITH STRAIGHT AND CURVED SIDES AND AN OPTIMIZED STRAIGHT SIDE LENGTH TO CURVED SIDE RADIUS RATIO

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A strengthening member for a vehicle, the strengthening member comprising a twelve-cornered cross section including sides
and corners, the sides comprising eight straight sides and four curved sides, wherein a length of each straight side is the
substantially the same, a radius of a curvature of each curved side is substantially the same, and a ratio of the straight
side length to the curvature radius ranges from about 0.9 to about 1.6.

US Pat. No. 9,893,825

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SHARING PRESET RADIO STATIONS USING A WIRELESS NETWORK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:
a wireless transceiver for requesting radio presets from a plurality of vehicles within a predetermined proximity of the vehicle;
a processor for generating a list of local radio stations based on radio presets information received by the wireless transceiver
and user preference for prioritizing the stations based on popularity of each station among the plurality of vehicles; and

an audio system for playing audio received from a selected one of the stations.

US Pat. No. 9,884,608

FOUR AND SIX-POINT SEAT BELT SYSTEMS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A seat belt assembly, comprising:
a first lap belt portion having an anchored end and engaged with a first plate;
a second lap belt portion having an anchored end and engaged with a second plate;
a first shoulder belt having a retractor end and a buckle end, the first shoulder belt slidably received in a first slot in
the first plate between the retractor end and the buckle end; and

a second shoulder belt having a retractor end and a tongue end, the second shoulder belt slidably received in a first slot
in the second plate between the retractor end and the tongue end.

US Pat. No. 9,887,468

SPIN-WELDED ELECTRICAL GROUND ASSEMBLIES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A friction-welded ground assembly, comprising:
an aluminum alloy substrate with a clearance hole;
an aluminum alloy weld nut comprising a bolt bore and an outer wall; and
a grounding bolt threaded within the bore,
wherein the bore is within the hole and a portion of the outer wall is joined to the substrate at a spin-welded joint formed
by solid state diffusion that comprises a push-out load of at least 500 lbs, the joint formed by rotation of the weld nut
in contact with the clearance hole at: (a) a rotational speed between about 15000 rpm to about 18000 rpm, (b) a frictional
force between about 3 bars and 4 bars and (c) an axial forging force between about 3 bars and 6 bars.

US Pat. No. 9,887,477

FUSED-WIRE CABLE CONNECTORS FOR A BUSBAR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A bus system comprising: a busbar including a port that defines a first aperture and includes a protrusion; a cable including
wires and a connector formed from fused ends of the wires and defining a second aperture; and a fastener to extend through
the first aperture and the second aperture to couple the connector to the port, the protrusion engages an end of the connector
to align the first aperture and the second aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,885,685

COMPENSATING OXYGEN SENSOR AGING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of operating an oxygen sensor, comprising:
during a first humidity condition of gasses flowing through the oxygen sensor, determining a first pumping current of the
oxygen sensor;

during a second, different humidity condition of gasses flowing through the oxygen sensor, determining a second pumping current
of the oxygen sensor;

determining a dry air pumping current of the oxygen sensor as a function of the first and second pumping currents; and
adjusting an impedance setpoint of the oxygen sensor based on a difference between the dry air pumping current of the oxygen
sensor and a previously determined dry air pumping current.

US Pat. No. 9,885,281

ENGINE SYSTEM WITH TWO PISTONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine system comprising:
a first piston movable within a cylinder;
a second piston movable within a hollow body of the first piston, the movement of the second piston defining a boundary of
a reservoir within the hollow body;

a spring device coupled to the first piston and the second piston; and
a vent passage extending through a section of the first piston and fluidically connecting the reservoir to the cylinder to
provide combustion gas flow between the reservoir and the cylinder.

US Pat. No. 9,884,545

TRACTION BATTERY MOUNTING ASSEMBLY AND SECURING METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A traction battery mounting assembly, comprising:
a traction battery; and
a damper securing the traction battery to a vehicle frame such that the traction battery can move together relative to the
vehicle frame when secured to the vehicle frame, wherein the damper is electrically conductive such that the traction battery
is electrically grounded to the vehicle frame through the damper.

US Pat. No. 9,884,578

PICK-UP TRUCK BED WITH ROPE TIE-DOWN CLEATS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING TIE-DOWN CLEATS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of making a tie-down cleat for a pick-up truck bed comprising:
extruding an elongated bar having a pair of feet connected by a body portion to a pair of arms;
cutting the elongated bar into a plurality of planar cleat blanks including the feet, the body portion, and the arms;
drilling fastener holes in the feet; and
drilling tie-down holes in the arms.

US Pat. No. 9,879,618

METHOD FOR PRE-IGNITION CONTROL IN A PRE-DELIVERY PHASE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for a vehicle, comprising:
a boosted engine including a cylinder;
a spark plug within the cylinder;
a knock sensor; and
a control system with computer-readable instructions stored on non-transitory memory for:
during a pre-delivery phase,
operating the boosted engine with a leaner than stoichiometric air/fuel ratio to reduce spark plug fouling; and
in response to indication of a pre-ignition event by the knock sensor, operating the boosted engine with a richer than stoichiometric
air/fuel ratio.

US Pat. No. 9,879,620

VACUUM CONTROL VIA A COMPRESSOR BYPASS VALVE IN A TWIN-COMPRESSOR ENGINE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
in response to a desired engine torque increasing above a threshold:
powering on a second compressor positioned downstream of a first compressor in an intake of an engine system; and
opening a compressor recirculation valve (CRV) positioned in a bypass passage coupled across the first compressor for a duration
and routing a portion of intake gasses from upstream of the first compressor to the second compressor.

US Pat. No. 9,879,625

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine system, comprising:
an engine with each of a first and second group of cylinders;
a fuel injector coupled to each engine cylinder;
an emission control device coupled downstream of each of the first and second group of cylinders;
a temperature sensor configured to estimate a temperature of the emission control device; and
a controller including instructions for,
selectively deactivating the second group of cylinders while maintaining the first group of cylinders active responsive to
operating conditions; and

during the deactivation, in response to a drop in temperature of the emission control device,
maintaining the second group of cylinders deactivated while shifting fuel injection of the first group of cylinders from single
fuel injection to split fuel injection.

US Pat. No. 9,878,671

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A STOWABLE STORAGE APPARATUS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A motor vehicle having a cabin, a row of seats mounted in the cabin, a structural component mounted in the cabin and a
stowable storage apparatus comprising a first end wall and two side walls, wherein each of the two side walls (a) has a first
end and a second end and (b) are fastened at their first ends to the first end wall whereby, when the first end wall is in
a deployed position, the first end wall and the two side walls define three sides of an enclosure for storing one or more
small objects supported by the structural component wherein a central walkthrough gap is defined between the structural component
and the row of seats and, when the stowable storage apparatus is in a deployed state, the first end wall of the stowable storage
apparatus is spaced away from the structural component so that the two side walls of the stowable storage apparatus span substantially
an entire longitudinal depth of the central walkthrough gap.

US Pat. No. 9,878,674

STORAGE ASSEMBLY AND VEHICLE INTERIOR TRIM ASSEMBLY EMPLOYING THE SAME

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A storage assembly to be at least partially received underneath a trim panel defining a volume of space, comprising:
a storage floor positioned at least partially within the volume of space;
a first connector about which the storage floor pivots relative to the trim panel;
a cover providing covering to the storage floor;
a second connector spaced apart from the first connector and supporting the cover such that the cover is movable relative
to the storage floor; and

at least one of a side wall, a back wall, and an anterior wall extending form the storage floor,
wherein the back wall extends from the storage floor and supports the second connector.

US Pat. No. 9,878,709

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATIC ACTIVATION OF AUTONOMOUS PARKING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for parking a vehicle comprising:
the vehicle including a motor, sensors, a steering system, a processor, and a memory;
a mobile device associated with the vehicle;
an autopark program operatively connected to the vehicle's steering system;
a navigation program and the autopark program operatively connected to the vehicle and configured to determine the vehicle's
speed with the sensors and the vehicle's position relative to the mobile device, to evaluate parking spot data, and in response
to the evaluation, to automatically execute the autopark program.

US Pat. No. 9,873,350

HYBRID VEHICLE AND METHOD OF CONDITIONING A VEHICLE BATTERY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a battery;
an electric machine configured to charge the battery with current generated from regenerative braking;
an electrically powered cooling system includes a refrigerant loop having an electric compressor and is configured to cool
the battery; and

a controller programmed to, in response to a temperature of the battery being greater than a first threshold, direct at least
a portion of the current generated from regenerative braking to the compressor.

US Pat. No. 9,868,476

VEHICLE BODY-IN-WHITE STRUCTURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle body comprising:
a non-metallic member defining an orifice;
a metallic disk having first and second outer surfaces and secured within the orifice such that a periphery of the disk is
encompassed by the non-metallic member and the second outer surface engages a step within the orifice; and

a metallic member secured to the non-metallic member by a spot weld extending from the metallic member, through the first
outer surface, and into the disk.

US Pat. No. 9,863,310

METHOD FOR MONITORING A TRACTION MECHANISM DRIVE OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE FOR CARRYING OUT A METHOD OF THIS TYPE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for monitoring a traction mechanism drive driving a traction mechanism of an internal combustion engine with a
crankshaft, wherein the traction mechanism drive comprises a first driving wheel which is arranged on the crankshaft and a
second driven wheel which is arranged on a shaft of an auxiliary assembly, the traction mechanism being guided around the
first driving wheel and the second driven wheel, and a movable tensioning device which engages in a force-loaded manner into
the traction mechanism and loads the traction mechanism with tensile forces along its longitudinal axis, the method comprising:
determining a position of the movable tensioning device relative to the traction mechanism drive using measuring technology;
determining an actual length LAS? of the traction mechanism computationally using the position of the movable tensioning device which was determined using
measuring technology;

determining a length change ?L with respect to a predefinable setpoint length LAS computationally using the computationally determined actual length LAS?; and

adjusting one or more operating parameters based on the length change.

US Pat. No. 9,855,924

AUTONOMOUS ECOLOGIC RAINWATER COLLECTION SYSTEM FOR REPLENISHING WASHER FLUID IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A rainwater collection system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a rainwater collector;
a gate for said rainwater collector, said gate being displaceable between an opened position and a closed position; and
a controller configured to open or close said gate in response to data input respecting detection of precipitation, a level
of windshield washer fluid in a windshield washer system of said motor vehicle, and a voltage level of a battery of said motor
vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,860,710

SYMMETRICAL REFERENCE PERSONAL DEVICE LOCATION TRACKING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
first, second, third, and fourth in-vehicle components arranged symmetrically within and delimiting boundaries of a vehicle
interior; and

a processor programmed to
identify signal strength information indicative of distance of a personal device from wireless transceivers of each of the
in-vehicle components;

compute, using the signal strength information, a quadrant and diagonal sector including a location of the personal device,
and whether the location is within the vehicle interior;

compare a sum of signal strength information from the first in-vehicle component and the second in-vehicle component to a
sum of signal strength information from the third in-vehicle component and the fourth in-vehicle component to determine an
indication whether the personal device is within a front half or a rear half of the vehicle;

compare a sum of signal strength information from the first in-vehicle component and the third in-vehicle component to a sum
of signal strength information from the second in-vehicle component and the fourth in-vehicle component to determine an indication
of whether the personal device is within a driver half or a passenger half of the vehicle;

identify the quadrant based on the indication of whether the personal device is within the front half or the rear half of
the vehicle and the indication of whether the personal device is within the driver half or the passenger half of the vehicle;
and

authorize the personal device located in the quadrant to wirelessly access features of the in-vehicle component located in
the quadrant,
wherein the quadrant is one of: a rear driver-side seating position quadrant in which the first in-vehicle component is located,
a rear passenger-side seating position quadrant in which the second in-vehicle component is located, a front driver-side seating
position quadrant in which the third in-vehicle component is located, and a front passenger-side seating position quadrant
in which the fourth in-vehicle component is located.

US Pat. No. 9,849,759

INDEPENDENTLY OPERATING MOTOR VEHICLE DOORS WITH AN ARTICULATING DOOR INTERFACE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A door system for closing a pillarless opening in a motor vehicle body, comprising:
a first door;
a second door;
an articulating door interface carried on said first door;
a guide on said motor vehicle body displacing said articulating door interface between a door sealing position when said first
door is closed and a door opening position when said first door is opened; and

a sealing system sealing said first door and said second door with said articulating door interface when said first door and
said second door are closed and said articulating door interface is in said door sealing position, wherein said sealing system
includes: (i) a first seal carried on said articulating door interface which seals against said first door and said second
door when said articulating door interface is in said door sealing position and said first door and said second door are closed;
(ii) a second seal; and (iii) a third seal on said first door for sealing around a first included angle of said articulating
door interface when said articulating door interface is in said door sealing position and said first door and said second
door are closed.

US Pat. No. 9,849,829

VEHICLE LIGHT SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A light system for a vehicle, comprising:
first and second light sources on a doorsill;
a lens configured to create a first illumination pattern when the first light source is activated and a second illumination
pattern when the second light source is activated;

a third light source configured to create a third illumination pattern that extends vehicle outward of the first and second
illumination patterns;

a controller configured to activate the first light source when a front door of the vehicle is opened and activate the second
light source when a rear door of the vehicle is opened; and

a light sensor configured to detect a presence of a compound on an outer surface of the lens.

US Pat. No. 9,849,856

SIDE AIRBAG ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seat back assembly comprising:
a passenger support;
a suspension assembly coupling the passenger support to a support structure, wherein the support structure comprises a first
trim piece, a seat frame, and a rear panel portion;
wherein the rear panel portion comprises one or more upper inverted hooks, an energy transfer bracket, one or more lower 2-stage
attachment clips, one or more outer wall detents, and one or more breaking members;
a side airbag coupled in position to the seat frame; and
an airbag deployment system configured to deploy the side airbag generating a deployment energy wherein the deployment energy
is at least partially transferred to the one or more upper inverted hooks, the energy transfer bracket, the one or more lower
2-stage attachment clips, the one or more outer wall detents, and the one or more breaking members.

US Pat. No. 9,849,751

ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF AUTOMOTIVE HVAC SYSTEM USING CROWD-SOURCING DATA

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A motor vehicle comprising:
a heating, ventilating, air conditioning (HVAC) system including a climate control circuit coupled to a plurality of onboard
sensors, a human-machine interface, and a plurality of climate actuators, wherein the actuators are responsive to respective
command parameters generated by the control circuit in response to the sensors and the human-machine interface;

a wireless communication system for transmitting vehicle HVAC data to and receiving crowd data from a remote server;
wherein the control circuit initiates a request for crowd data via the communication system to the remote server, and wherein
the request includes peer parameters for identifying a vehicle environment;

wherein the control circuit receives a response via the communication system from the remote server, and wherein the response
comprises crowd data and at least one weight indicating a confidence level associated with the crowd data; and

wherein the control circuit generates at least one command parameter using a set of fuzzy rules responsive to the crowd data
and the weight from the response.

US Pat. No. 9,846,046

VEHICLE NAVIGATION METHOD AND SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A computer-implemented method of determining travel directions for a vehicle comprising:
receiving, at a navigation computer, input representing vehicle coordinates and speed of a vehicle;
calculating, via the navigation computer, how far the vehicle is likely to travel within a predetermined time span, representing
an estimated route calculation and transmission time, based on the vehicle speed;

determining where the vehicle is located on a map based on the coordinates;
determining possible location points to which the vehicle can travel on the map within the predetermined time span, based
on the likely distance of travel;

determining a route of travel to a destination based on the coordinates of the vehicle;
determining one or more alternate routes of travel to the destination from at least one of the possible location points; and
transmitting to the vehicle a preferred route of travel and at least one alternate route of travel.

US Pat. No. 9,845,832

VEHICLE TRANSMISSION AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING VEHICLE TRANSMISSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission of a motor vehicle comprising:
a transmission shaft including an external surface;
a clutch or brake assembly for the transmission of the motor vehicle including:
a friction element assembly mounted on the transmission shaft;
a piston assembly for actuating the friction element assembly; and
a first snap ring for retaining the friction element assembly, the first snap ring having an outer radial surface;
a mounting groove formed in the external surface of the transmission shaft, the first snap ring being situated in the mounting
groove, wherein the mounting groove is located such that the first snap ring can exit the mounting groove upon expansion of
the first snap ring, wherein said first snap ring is configured to be expanded and installed into the mounting groove to secure
the friction element assembly;

a second snap ring located near the first snap ring to prevent the first snap ring from exiting the mounting groove; and
further comprising:
a snap ring keeper having an inner radial surface, the snap ring keeper being configured to contact both the first snap ring
and the second snap ring, and the snap ring keeper being configured to prevent the first snap ring from expanding, whereby
contact between the inner radial surface of the snap ring keeper and the outer radial surface of the first snap ring prevents
the first snap ring from expanding; or

a third snap ring having an inner radial surface, the third snap ring being configured to contact both the first snap ring
and the second snap ring, and the third snap ring being configured to prevent the first snap ring from expanding, whereby
contact between the inner radial surface of the third snap ring and the outer radial surface of the first snap ring prevents
the first snap ring from expanding.

US Pat. No. 9,844,809

FORMING TOOLS HAVING TEXTURED SURFACES

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A forming tool for shaping a metal blank into a desired shape, comprising:
a contoured die surface for pressing against the metal blank so that respective portions of the metal blank flow over the
contoured surface during deformation of the metal blank into the desired shape for a stamped component;

wherein the contoured die surface corresponds to an intrinsic material flow pattern based on a uniform coefficient of resistance
across the contoured die surface that would cause unequal stretching of the metal blank, so that an insufficient flow in the
predetermined regions would create areas in the shaped metal blank receiving less than a desired amount of metal;

wherein the contoured surface carries a surface texture in a pattern that increases metal flow along the predetermined regions,
whereby a reduced coefficient of friction is provided in the predetermined regions relative to a coefficient of friction of
the contoured surface adjacent to the predetermined regions;

wherein the pattern of the surface texture is comprised of repeated elliptical dimples;
wherein at least some of the elliptical dimples have an aspect ratio not equal to one and have a major axis and a minor axis;
wherein the flow encounters a lowest flow resistance along the minor axis; and
wherein the at least some of the elliptical dimples have their respective minor axis aligned with respective desired flow
directions in the predetermined regions.

US Pat. No. 9,840,280

MOTOR VEHICLE SUBFRAME

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle subframe for the articulation of wheel suspension elements and supporting a stabilizer extending in the vehicle
transverse direction comprising;
a plurality of spaced longitudinal members extending in a vehicle longitudinal direction, said longitudinal members connected
by at least one crossmember extending in the vehicle transverse direction;

said crossmember having a hollow profile including a front crossmember wall, a rear crossmember wall, top crossmember wall
and a bottom crossmember wall, said top crossmember wall and said bottom crossmember wall extending between said front crossmember
wall and said rear crossmember wall;

said rear crossmember wall and said front crossmember wall extending both transversely to the vehicle longitudinal direction
and in the vehicle vertical direction wherein said rear crossmember wall is spaced longitudinally rearward of and behind said
front crossmember wall;

said rear crossmember wall facing said stabilizer, said rear crossmember wall including an indentation extending in a longitudinal
direction of the crossmember, said indentation extending in the vehicle longitudinal direction and into an interior of the
hollow profile and towards said front crossmember wall between said top crossmember wall and said bottom crossmember wall;
and

said stabilizer at least partially extending in said indentation, wherein the crossmember is configured to be closed in cross
section.

US Pat. No. 9,841,072

DAMPED BRAKE COMPONENTS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A brake component for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a body; and
at least one cable comprising a plurality of wires, each of the plurality of wires having a surface in sliding contact with
surfaces of adjacent wires of the plurality of wires,

wherein the at least one cable is embedded centrally in both a radial direction and an axially direction within the body such
that an outer surface of the at least one cable substantially contacts an inner surface of the body around an entire perimeter
of the at least one cable, and

wherein, during braking of the motor vehicle, sliding movement of the surfaces of the plurality of wires relative to each
other dampens a resonant frequency of the component.

US Pat. No. 9,841,970

VEHICLE CONTROL UPDATE METHODS AND SYSTEMS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle module controls updating method comprising:
receiving, by the vehicle module in a vehicle, control update sections of a control from at least a server remote from the
vehicle and a mobile device to load a complete control update in the vehicle, wherein the receiving includes:

receiving, by the vehicle module, control update sections from the server remote from the vehicle until transmission directly
to the vehicle is terminated;

terminating, by the vehicle module, communication to the remote server if security access is denied, wherein the communication
is not restored until a next modem session is available;

upon termination of communication to the remote server, receiving the control update sections at the mobile device associated
with the vehicle; and

when a next modem session is available, stop receiving the control update sections at the mobile device and resume receiving
control update sections, from the remote server, at the vehicle, wherein the resume receiving of control update sections includes
forwarding the control update sections previously downloaded to the mobile device to the vehicle;

sending, by the vehicle module, a section identifier back to the remote server directly from the vehicle after receiving the
control update sections to the mobile device to identify the control sections stored in the vehicle;

integrating and installing, by the vehicle module, the sections of the control update in the vehicle, wherein the integrating
and installing comprises:

integrating, by the vehicle module, the received control update sections of a control at a first memory location of the vehicle
while using current controls at a second memory location of the vehicle;

validating, by the vehicle module, the operation of the control at the first memory location;
if the operation of the control is valid, switching by the vehicle module, the vehicle from using the controls at the second
memory location to the controls at the first memory location.

US Pat. No. 9,840,994

ANNULUS NOZZLE INJECTOR WITH TANGENTIAL FINS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A fuel injector coupled to an engine having a cylinder, comprising:
a needle;
a frustum shaped nozzle end coupled to the needle; and
a plurality of curved tangential fins evenly spaced around an outer surface of the frustum shaped nozzle end and positioned
at a tangent to a circle created by a plane through the frustum shaped nozzle end, including a plane through a top surface
of the frustum shaped nozzle end,

wherein the needle is coupled to an electric actuator, the electric actuator configured to move the needle downward from a
first, closed position to a second, open position.

US Pat. No. 9,834,166

SIDE AIRBAG ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seat back assembly comprising:
a passenger support;
a suspension assembly coupling the passenger support to a support structure, wherein the support structure comprises a first
trim piece, a seat frame, and a rear panel portion;

wherein the rear panel portion comprises one or more upper inverted hooks, an energy transfer bracket, and one or more 2-stage
attachment clips;

a side airbag coupled in position to the frame member; and
an airbag deployment system configured to deploy the side airbag generating a deployment energy wherein the deployment energy
is transferred to one or more upper inverted hooks, the energy transfer bracket, and one or more lower 2-stage attachment
clips;

wherein the seat frame remains attached but can be lifted up from the one or more upper inverted hooks and the one or more
lower 2-stage attachment clips to dissipate the deployment energy.

US Pat. No. 9,834,206

FAULT-TOLERANT OPERATION OF HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A hybrid drive system comprising:
a DC power source;
an internal combustion engine;
a traction motor;
a generator;
a variable voltage converter (VVC) selectably coupled to the power source;
a motor inverter;
a generator inverter;
a bus coupling an output of the VVC to the inverters; and
a controller regulating an engine speed, a motor torque, and a generator torque;
wherein the controller detects a fault in which the power source and VVC are unavailable for regulating a bus voltage on the
bus; and

wherein upon detecting the fault, the controller regulates a motor inverter power output to match a sum of a generator inverter
power output and an estimated power loss of the inverters.

US Pat. No. 9,833,792

PARTICLE SEPARATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
flowing a magnetic and non-magnetic particle-containing liquid across a rotor having alternating pole electromagnets;
energizing the electromagnets and rotating the rotor to generate a changing magnetic field to generate eddy currents in the
non-magnetic particles;

repelling the non-magnetic particles to a collection point by the changing magnetic field;
directing the magnetic particles from the electromagnets to the collection point; and
removing the magnetic and non-magnetic particles from the collection point.

US Pat. No. 9,834,112

BATTERY STATE OF CHARGE ESTIMATION BASED ON REDUCED ORDER ELECTROCHEMICAL MODELS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a battery including positive and negative electrodes; and
a controller programmed to charge and discharge the battery according to a state of charge that is based on an effective surface
lithium-ion concentration of one of the electrodes, and an effective surface lithium-ion concentration of the other of the
electrodes derived from a center-to-surface lithium-ion concentration profile of the one of the electrodes.

US Pat. No. 9,834,123

RETAINING CLIP FOR A DOOR ASSEMBLY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A clip for receiving a pin in a door assembly in a vehicle, comprising:
a base;
a plurality of fingers extending from said base and forming an expandable opening for receiving the pin, each of said plurality
of fingers including an inwardly projecting tab at least partially defining the expandable opening; and

an arm extending from said base for securing the clip within said door assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,827,980

LOAD-BASED VEHICLE OPERATING CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hybrid vehicle comprising: an engine; an electric machine; a clutch configured to selectively couple the engine to the
electric machine; a brake pedal; and at least one controller programmed to engage the clutch and start the engine while the
vehicle is stopped and in drive in response to (i) a release of the brake pedal, and (ii) a signal indicating the vehicle
is towing to increase available engine torque prior to vehicle launch.

US Pat. No. 9,827,846

TRACTION BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a traction battery;
a grill shutter assembly including an opening and shutters movable to alter an effective cross-sectional area of the opening;
a battery thermal management system including
a refrigerant subsystem having a compressor, a condenser, and a chiller,
a coolant subsystem having a pump, a radiator, and conduit arranged to carry coolant between the traction battery and the
radiator to cool the traction battery, the coolant subsystem further having a radiator-bypass conduit in fluid communication
with the chiller and a valve configured to selectively route coolant to the radiator or the chiller depending upon a position
of the valve, and

a fan adjacent to the radiator and the condenser and configured to circulate air over the radiator and the condenser; and
a controller configured to,
in response to a temperature of the traction battery being greater than a first threshold and an ambient air temperature being
less than the temperature of the traction battery, (i) actuate the valve to route coolant to the radiator and (ii) operate
the shutters to change the effective cross-sectional area of the opening to increase or decrease air flow over the radiator
based on a temperature of the coolant, the ambient air temperature, and a speed of the vehicle,

in response to the temperature of the traction battery being greater than the first threshold and less than a second threshold,
and the ambient air temperature being less than the temperature of the traction battery, (i) actuate the valve to route coolant
to the radiator, (ii) operate the shutters to change the effective cross-sectional area of the opening to increase or decrease
air flow over the radiator based on a temperature of the coolant, the ambient air temperature, and a speed of the vehicle,
and (iii) run the fan at a duty cycle that is based on a temperature of the coolant and the ambient air temperature, and

in response to the temperature of the traction battery being above the second threshold or the ambient air temperature being
above the temperature of the traction battery, actuate the valve to route coolant to the chiller.

US Pat. No. 9,827,861

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE BATTERY CHARGING

Ford Global Technologies,...

2. A method for charging a traction battery of a vehicle comprising:
commanding an output voltage of a battery charger to be equal to a detected voltage of the traction battery; and
closing no more than two contactors electrically connected with the traction battery and battery charger in response to the
output voltage of the battery charger being approximately equal to the detected voltage to enable current flow from the battery
charger to the traction battery.

US Pat. No. 9,827,950

LOCKING ASSEMBLY AND METHOD WITH AUTHENTICATED UNLOCKING OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE SUPPLY EQUIPMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A locking assembly, comprising:
a lock that transitions between a first state that prevents disengaging electric vehicle supply equipment from a charge port
of a vehicle and a second state that permits the disengaging; and

a control module configured to command the lock to transition from the first to the second state in response to a user interaction
with a selector device disposed on the vehicle, and an authentication of the user interaction, the control module is further
configured to stop a charging of the vehicle in connection with transitioning the lock from the first state to the second
state.

US Pat. No. 9,802,545

MOTOR VEHICLE ICE SENSOR ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF OPERATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A running board assembly for a motor vehicle comprising:
a running board;
a light source for emitting light on a surface of the running board;
a light sensor for measuring a reflectance level of the emitted light off the surface of the running board; and
a heating element coupled to the running board, wherein the heating element is activated when the measured reflectance level
is greater than a threshold reflectance level.

US Pat. No. 9,802,546

UNDER-SEAT VEHICLE COMPARTMENT HAVING A CLAMP ASSEMBLY FOR ENGAGING A TUBE SUPPORT AND FOR ABSORBING TOLERANCES AND MOVEMENT RELATED NOISE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A storage container for a vehicular seat comprising:
a cushion pan for supporting a seat cushion;
a lateral support bar extending between opposing side members and positioned below the cushion pan;
a container housing disposed between the opposing side members and having a forward portion fixedly attached to an underside
of the cushion pan; and

a rear clamp of the container housing that defines a containment region, wherein the lateral support bar is disposed within
the containment region and the rear clamp defines a surface engagement with an outer surface of the lateral support bar, and
wherein the rear clamp is slidably engaged with the lateral support bar, and wherein generally vertical displacement of the
container housing relative to the lateral support bar biases the lateral support bar against the rear clamp to define an absorbing
state of the rear clamp, wherein the rear clamp in the absorbing state receives at least a portion of the generally vertical
displacement of the container housing relative to the lateral support bar.

US Pat. No. 9,796,266

ACTIVE FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM FOR AGGRESSIVE DRIVERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

19. A method for influencing operation of a fuel pump in a vehicle, comprising:
via one or more controllers, receiving signals from one or more accelerometers indicating acceleration of a vehicle component;
defining a threshold in which fuel is inhibited from being delivered to an engine in response to the acceleration exceeding
the threshold;

via the one or more controllers, receiving signals from one or more sensors indicating aggressive driving;
adjusting the threshold to an adjusted threshold in response to the aggressive driving; and
via the one or more controllers, controlling the fuel pump based on a comparison between the acceleration and the adjusted
threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,796,291

LOW CHARGE ACCEPTANCE MITIGATION USING A TRACTION BATTERY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A controller of a vehicle comprising:
input channels configured to receive a charge acceptance value (CAV) of an auxiliary battery and a state of charge (SOC) of
a traction battery;

output channels configured to provide threshold signals to set a voltage threshold of an auxiliary bus coupled with the auxiliary
battery and powered by the traction battery during a next charging event; and

control logic configured to, in response to the CAV falling below a predetermined sulfation value and the SOC being above
an SOC threshold, generate the threshold signals such that a voltage of the auxiliary battery achieves a desulfation value
during the event.

US Pat. No. 9,797,343

DETERMINING EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION COOLER FOULING USING DPOV SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
adjusting an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve arranged downstream of an EGR cooler to an open position and receiving
a first pressure reading from a sensor downstream of the EGR valve and a first differential pressure reading across the EGR
valve from a differential pressure sensor across the EGR valve, the first pressure reading and the first differential pressure
reading taken with EGR flow;

adjusting the EGR valve to a closed position and receiving a second pressure reading from the sensor downstream of the EGR
valve and a second differential pressure reading across the EGR valve from the differential pressure sensor, the second pressure
reading and the second differential pressure reading taken without EGR flow;

determining an upstream EGR cooler pressure based on a comparison between the second differential pressure reading across
the EGR valve and the second pressure reading downstream of the EGR valve;

determining a downstream EGR cooler pressure based on a comparison between the first differential pressure reading across
the EGR valve and the first pressure reading downstream of the EGR valve;

determining a differential pressure across the EGR cooler based on a comparison between the upstream and downstream EGR cooler
pressures; and

indicating degradation of the EGR cooler based on the differential pressure across the EGR cooler,
wherein the engine does not include a differential pressure sensor over the EGR cooler.

US Pat. No. 9,798,941

DRIVER VISUAL SENSOR BEHAVIOR STUDY DEVICE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A sensor test system comprising:
a controller coupled to at least one test device and a sensor, the controller configured to:
receive test instructions including a plurality of test sequences;
instruct at least one display unit to display an item based on the test sequences;
receive response data from the test device indicative of a driver behavior, the response data including timing information,
test device information, and at least one first head position and first looking direction;

compile the response data based on the timing information and the test device information;
receive sensor data acquired by the sensor during the test sequences;
compare the compiled response data to the sensor data, wherein the first head position and first looking direction of the
response data are compared to a second head position and second looking direction of the sensor data; and

determine an accuracy of the sensor based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,789,746

ADSORPTION AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle air-conditioning system for cooling a vehicle cabin, comprising:
an adsorption heat pump driven by an engine waste heat recovery system, the heat pump comprising a first adsorbing/desorbing
heat exchanger, a second evaporating/condensing heat exchanger, a radiator, and an air-conditioning core, the first and second
heat exchangers arranged inside a vacuum enclosure and thermally coupled via vapor,

wherein the air-conditioning core contains a plurality of double tube plates, each double tube plate comprising an inner tube
arranged within an outer tube, with phase changing materials surrounding the inner tube within the outer tube, wherein the
inner tube of each plate selectively fluidly communicates with one or more tubes of a tube-and-plate assembly of the second
heat exchanger depending on a mode of the system; and

a controller comprising a processor and a storage medium programmed with computer readable data representing instructions
executable by the processor to, during a desorbing/condensing mode in which the inner tubes of the air-conditioning core are
fluidly decoupled from the system, actuate a blower to cool a vehicle passenger cabin by blowing air through the air-conditioning
core into the cabin as the phase changing materials in the air-conditioning core melt.

US Pat. No. 9,789,784

MAINTAINING A VEHICLE BATTERY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
determining a lower voltage set-point, an upper voltage set-point, a temperature-dependent upper current set-point, a time
limit value, and a lower current hysteresis threshold set-point based on a measured temperature of a battery;

providing a charge current from a battery charging circuit;
determining if a charge voltage is above the lower voltage set-point and below the upper voltage set-point; and
determining whether the charge current exceeds the temperature-dependent upper current set-point, and if so,
starting a timer if, in addition to the charge current exceeding the temperature-dependent upper current set-point, the charge
voltage is between the lower voltage set-point and the upper voltage set-point; and,

if the timer reaches the time limit value while the charge current exceeds the temperature-dependent upper current set-point
and the charge voltage is between the lower voltage set-point and the upper voltage set-point,

reducing the charge current below the lower current hysteresis threshold set-point when the timer expires.

US Pat. No. 9,789,794

ACTIVE HEAD RESTRAINT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

11. A head restraint comprising a movable pad, a bar pivotally attached at a forward end to the movable pad and at a rearward
end to an outer tube, an inner tube disposed within the outer tube, a link coupled with the bar and the inner tube, and a
trigger operably connected with the inner tube, wherein, upon a rear impact, the inner tube urges the link to apply an upward
force to the bar.

US Pat. No. 9,790,888

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine comprising:
a cylinder block having first and second cylinders separated by a bore bridge, and a block cooling jacket having a channel
intersecting a block deck face to circumferentially surround the first and second cylinders; and

a cylinder head having a surface configured to mate with the deck face, the surface having a sleeve protruding therefrom and
sized to be received by the channel to circumferentially surround the first and second cylinders.

US Pat. No. 9,789,868

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ENGINE STOPPING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle system, comprising:
an engine;
a dual mass flywheel (DMF) including a first side mechanically coupled to the engine;
a driveline disconnect clutch mechanically including a first side coupled to a second side of the dual mass flywheel;
a driveline integrated starter/generator (DISG) including a first side coupled to a second side of the driveline disconnect
clutch;

a transmission selectively coupled to the engine via the driveline disconnect clutch; and
a controller including executable instructions stored in non-transitory memory to adjust operation of the driveline disconnect
clutch in response to a request to stop engine rotation, and additional instructions to open the driveline disconnect clutch
at a predetermined engine speed.

US Pat. No. 9,790,898

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING FUEL VAPOR CANISTER CAPACITY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A fuel system, comprising:
a solenoid valve disposed in a passage between a fuel tank and a fuel vapor canister to regulate flow of fuel vapor between
the fuel tank and the fuel vapor canister, the solenoid valve generating an indicator of changes in fuel vapor canister temperature
responsive to fuel vapor adsorbing to adsorbent material within the fuel vapor canister while the solenoid valve is in an
open position.

US Pat. No. 9,769,762

ADAPTIVE TRANSMIT POWER CONTROL FOR VEHICLE COMMUNICATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

5. A method comprising:
determining, via a driving assistance unit, an expected speed of target vehicles in a vicinity of a vehicle;
determining, with a processor, a message type of a message received from a subsystem of the vehicle, wherein the message type
includes public safety and private service; and

broadcasting, with a communication module, the message at a power level, wherein when the message type is public safety, the
power level determined based on a range request accompanying the message, and the power level is increased when a difference
between the expected speed of the target vehicles and an actual speed of the vehicle satisfies a speed threshold.