US Pat. No. 10,787,171

METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a vehicle, the method comprising:using a surroundings sensor system of the vehicle, detecting an object state at a first point in time;
in a first determination of the object state at a second point in time that is after the first point in time, obtaining a first version of the object state at the second point in time by predicting what the object state will be at the second point in time based on the detected object state at the first point in time;
in a second determination of the object state at the second point in time, obtaining a second version of the object state at the second point in time;
comparing the first version of the object state at the second point in time to the second version of the object state at the second point in time; and
based on a result of the comparison of the first version of the object state at the second point in time and the second version of the object state at the second point in time, adapting an activation state of a semi-automated driving function of the vehicle or a fully-automated driving function of the vehicle;
wherein:
(a) the second determination of the object state at the second point in time is performed by (1) detecting the object state at a third point in time that is between the first point in time and the second point in time and (2) based on the detected object state at the third point in time, predicting the object state at the second point in time as the second version of the object state at the second point in time; or
(b) the method further includes, based on the result of the comparison, determining an accuracy of operation of the surroundings sensor system, the adapting being performed based on the determined accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,782,221

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A PARTICLE CONTAMINATION

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A system for determining a particle contamination, comprising:a detector device for detecting individual particles in a measurement environment of the detector device and generating detection signals in response thereto;
an evaluation device for detection signals of the detector device, which is configured and operable
to ascertain at least one estimate of the number of particles per volume in the measurement environment, and
to ascertain an output value for the particle contamination in the measurement environment, wherein the output value for the particle contamination is based on the at least one estimate of the number of particles per volume and on characterization information describing at least one particle source in the measurement environment; and
a particle source estimation device that is configured and operable to
access to context-related data, and
use the context-related data as a basis for estimating the characterization information for the at least one particle source in the measurement environment and making said characterization information available to the evaluation device for ascertaining the output value for the particle contamination.

US Pat. No. 10,766,471

DECOUPLED ELECTRONIC BRAKING SYSTEM WITH A MOVEMENT TRANSMISSION DEVICE WITH RADIAL EFFECT COMPENSATION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A decoupled electronic braking system with a movement transmission device connecting a brake actuator to a brake pedal, comprising:a control rod connected to the brake pedal and including a ball joint;
a thrust rod that is a piston that:
is connected to the actuator;
is guided in a cylinder of the actuator for movement along a central longitudinal axis of the cylinder; and
has a cup-shaped contact surface in which the ball joint of the control rod is pivotably accommodated, thereby connecting the thrust rod to an extremity of the control rod;
a return spring that applies a return force to return the thrust rod in a direction against a thrust of the control rod against the thrust rod; and
an elastic return device, wherein:
the elastic return device is configured to apply a spring force that radially biases the control rod toward the central longitudinal axis of the cylinder; and
at least one of:
(1) the elastic return device is arranged within the thrust rod; and
(2) at least a portion of the elastic return device abuts against the thrust rod or a retaining surface that is separate from the control rod and is embedded in the thrust rod.

US Pat. No. 10,770,066

SLOT FILLING IN SPOKEN LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING WITH JOINT POINTER AND ATTENTION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operation of a spoken language understanding (SLU) system comprising:receiving, with a processor in the SLU system, an input sequence including a plurality of words in a text phrase;
generating, with the processor, an encoded output corresponding to the plurality of words and a plurality of attention weights corresponding to the plurality of words using a recurrent neural network (RNN) encoder with an attention mechanism that receives the plurality of words as inputs to the RNN encoder;
generating, with the processor, a first probability distribution corresponding to a plurality of words in an extended slot vocabulary database being a slot word at a time step using an RNN decoder that receives the encoded output from the RNN encoder as input;
generating, with the processor, a second probability distribution corresponding to the plurality of words in the input sequence being a slot word at the time step using a pointer network that receives the plurality of attention weights as input;
generating, with the processor, a combined probability distribution based on the first probability distribution and the second probability distribution;
identifying, with the processor, a slot word corresponding to one word in the extended slot vocabulary database having a highest probability value in the combined probability distribution for the time step; and
performing, with the processor, a command using the slot word as a parameter to the command.

US Pat. No. 10,768,288

AZIMUTH DETERMINATION WITH THE AID OF A RADAR SENSOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining the azimuth angle of an object with respect to a radar sensor, the method comprising:transmitting, using a transmitting antenna, a radar signal;
receiving, using multiple receiving antennas including a plurality of first receiving antennas having a same vertical height and at least one second receiving antenna having a vertical height different from the height of the plurality of first receiving antennas, first reflection signals by the plurality of first receiving antennas and at least one second reflection signal by the at least one second receiving antenna;
determining an approximation for the azimuth angle in a coarse grid based on both the first reflection signals of the plurality of first receiving antennas and the at least one second reflection signal of the at least one second receiving antenna; and
subsequently to determining the approximation, determining the azimuth angle in a fine grid based on the first reflection signals of the first receiving antennas in a range around the approximation;
wherein the determination of one of: i) the azimuth angle, or ii) the approximation, is carried out with the aid of scaling a vector of the signals of the receiving antennas, and comparing the scaled vector of the signals of the receiving antennas with a stored vector for the receiving antennas for a reference signal.

US Pat. No. 10,766,778

POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIAL HAVING LOW MECHANICAL STRAIN; METHOD FOR PRODUCING A POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIAL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A polycrystalline material having low mechanical strain, comprising:one or more layers of a first type; and
one or more layers of a second type;
wherein:
each of the one or more layers of the first type and each of the one or more layers of the second type includes at least one polycrystalline material component;
an average of crystal grain sizes of each of the one or more layers of the first type is smaller than an average of crystal grain sizes of each of the one or more layers of the second type;
the one or more layers of the first type and the one or more layers of the second type are situated, at least in part, one above the other in an alternating sequence;
in each respective layer of at least one of the one or more layers of the first type, the crystal grain sizes of the respective layer change between a first end of the respective layer and a second end of the respective layer so that an average of respective crystal grain sizes of respective crystal grains at the first end of the respective layer is different than an average of respective crystal grain sizes of respective crystal grains at the second end of the respective layer; and
in each respective layer of at least one of the one or more layers of the second type, the crystal grain sizes of the respective layer change between a first end of the respective layer and a second end of the respective layer so that an average of respective crystal grain sizes of respective crystal grains at the first end of the respective layer is different than an average of respective crystal grain sizes of respective crystal grains at the second end of the respective layer.

US Pat. No. 10,769,942

METHOD, DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR WRONG-WAY DRIVER DETECTION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method comprising:reading in position data via an interface, the position data representing a measured position of a vehicle;
reading in map data mapping road segments negotiable by the vehicle;
reading in a plurality of particles that each represents an assumed position of the vehicle and a weighting assigned to the assumed position;
determining a deviation between the plurality of particles and the measured position represented by the position data, using the map data;
determining a plausible road segment of the road segments of the map data based on the deviation, for which it is assumed that the vehicle is situated thereon;
comparing an instantaneous driving direction of the vehicle with a driving direction assigned to the determined road segment in the map data; and
determining that the vehicle is driving in a wrong direction based on the comparing.

US Pat. No. 10,761,529

TRAJECTORY-BASED GUIDANCE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for autonomously controlling a motor vehicle in a parking or unparking operation, the method comprising:storing, via a memory, a first trajectory;
determining, via a processor, at least one region across each of which the first trajectory leads;
determining, via the processor, at least one second trajectory that has a different extension than the first trajectory in the at least one determined region;
displaying, via an output device, the first trajectory and the at least one second trajectory;
detecting, via an input device, a driver-controlled selection of one of the trajectories displayed via the output device;
autonomously controlling, via the processor, the motor vehicle to follow the selected trajectory;
determining, during an autonomous guidance of the motor vehicle, whether an error state is present, wherein the error state is caused by the driver failing to operate the control element for longer than a predefined time; and wherein the error state is caused by a distance between the motor vehicle and an object being less than a threshold value; and
placing, if there is the error state, the motor vehicle in a safe state requiring a standstill of the motor vehicle;
wherein the autonomous controlling of the vehicle takes place at a velocity of the parking and/or unparking operation, and
wherein the safe state requires a standstill of motor vehicle in which a service brake or a parking brake is activated to bring the motor vehicle to the standstill.

US Pat. No. 10,752,063

TIRE BEAD HOLDING PLIERS

Bosch Automotive Service ...

1. Tire bead holding pliers, comprising:a first jaw that includes a flat plate configured to engage an outboard side of a wheel rim to locate the pliers relative to the wheel rim; and
a second jaw having a double hook shape defined by:
a first hook having a first concave portion facing away from the first jaw and configured to hook a bead of a tire, the first concave portion having a contour that substantially matches an end of the bead of the tire such that, when the bead of the tire is hooked by the first concave portion of the first hook, the end of the bead of the tire is held within the substantially matching contour; and
a second hook extending from a surface of the first hook opposite the first concave portion toward the flat plate so as to form a ridge between the first hook and the second hook, and having a second concave portion facing toward the first jaw that together with the flat plate forms a region for receiving the wheel rim such that when the pliers are tightened on the wheel rim, the second jaw curves around an inboard side of the wheel rim and cooperates with the flat plate to clamp the wheel rim therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,737,930

MICROMECHANICAL SPRING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A MICROMECHANICAL SPRING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A micromechanical device, comprising:a spring element, which is moveably coupleable or moveably coupled to a frame unit at at least one connecting point of the spring element, the spring element including at least one web which extends starting from the at least one connecting point;
wherein the at least one web is structured in such a way that it includes at least one first section and at least one widening section for reducing a non-linearity of the spring element, which is widened compared to the first section;
wherein the at least one web has a structure that is non-linear.

US Pat. No. 10,741,894

METAL/AIR BATTERY WITH GAS SEPARATIONS UNIT AND LOAD-LEVELING OXYGEN STORAGE SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A metal/air battery with an oxygen management system, comprising:a negative electrode;
a positive electrode;
a separator positioned between the negative electrode and the positive electrode;
an oxygen separations unit;
an oxygenated gas supply reservoir;
at least one valve fluidly coupled to the oxygen separations unit, the oxygenated gas supply reservoir, and the positive electrode and, during a discharge cycle, configured to:
selectively place the oxygen separations unit in fluid communication with the positive electrode, and
selectively place the oxygenated gas supply reservoir in fluid communication with the positive electrode;
wherein:
the oxygen separations unit is in fluid communication with the positive electrode when the battery discharges at a first discharge power,
the oxygenated gas supply reservoir is not in fluid communication with the positive electrode when the battery discharges at the first discharge power,
the oxygenated gas supply reservoir is in fluid communication with the positive electrode when the battery discharges at a second discharge power,
the second discharge power is greater than the first discharge power; and
the first discharge power corresponds to an average discharge power of the battery and the second discharge power corresponds to a peak discharge power of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,731,894

HEATING BLOCK HALF-SHELL, AND HEATING BLOCK WITH GUIDE ELEMENTS FOR A HEATING COIL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A heating block half-shell for a continuous flow heater, comprising:a partial wall for a heating channel that includes at least one straight section;
at least two guide elements in the at least one straight section, the guide elements being situated in succession on the partial wall in an axial direction, each of the at least two guide elements being configured for supporting a heating coil in the heating channel in a radial directions;
wherein at least one of the guide elements has a surface that corresponds to a curved surface of an ellipsoid, in which the at least one of the guide elements includes a first area and a second area,
wherein the first area is an inwardly directed area in which a distance from a longitudinal axis and from a center of a straight section of the heating channel becomes smaller along a flow direction, and
wherein the second area is an outwardly directed area in which a distance from the longitudinal axis and from the center of the straight section of the heating channel becomes larger along the flow direction, so that the surface of the guide element in the first area, which is the inwardly directed area, leads into the interior of the heating channel along the flow direction, and wherein in the second area, which is the outwardly directed area, leads away from the center along the flow direction.

US Pat. No. 10,704,697

BYPASS VALVE FOR EXPANSION MACHINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A bypass valve (1), comprising a housing (2) with a valve chamber (9) formed therein, wherein an inlet (3), an expander outlet (4) and a bypass outlet (5) are formed in the housing (2) and open into the valve chamber (9), wherein a closing body (6) is movably arranged in the valve chamber (9), wherein a valve seat (11) is formed in the housing (2), wherein the closing body (6) interacts with the valve seat (11) for the opening and closing of a first hydraulic connection from the inlet (3) to the expander outlet (4), wherein a control valve (8) opens and closes a second hydraulic connection from the inlet (3) to the bypass outlet (5), wherein in an open position the control valve (8) forms a first restriction point (21), wherein a second restriction point (22) is arranged between the valve chamber (9) and the bypass outlet (5), wherein the control valve (8), the second restriction point (22) and the closing body (6) delimit a control chamber (9a), and wherein the first restriction point (21) has a larger flow passage cross section than a flow passage cross section of the second restriction point (22).

US Pat. No. 10,704,815

FLOW CONTROL VALVE FOR INJECTING OIL INTO AN AIR CONDITIONING CIRCUIT

Bosch Automotive Service ...

1. An air conditioning service system, comprising:an oil receptacle configured to store an oil;a solenoid valve configured to selectively allow the oil to flow from the oil receptacle into an oil injection line;a coupling port in fluid communication with the oil receptacle through the oil injection line when the solenoid valve is in an open condition; and
a flow control valve including a chamber with an inlet and an outlet, the inlet in fluid communication with the oil receptacle when the solenoid valve is in the open condition, and the outlet in fluid communication with the oil injection line when the solenoid valve is in the open condition,
wherein the flow control valve is configured such that, for a given pressure difference between the inlet and the outlet, the oil flows from through the flow control valve at a flow rate that is independent of a viscosity of the oil within a predetermined range of viscosities.

US Pat. No. 10,700,591

VOLTAGE CONVERTER, ELECTRIC DRIVE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING INTERFERENCE VOLTAGES

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A voltage converter, comprising:an inverter, comprising a two-phase DC voltage input, which is connectable to a DC voltage source, and comprising a polyphase AC voltage output, which is connectable to an electrical load; and
an inductor arranged between the DC voltage input of the inverter and the DC voltage source, wherein the DC voltage input comprises a first terminal and a second terminal and wherein the inductor comprises a first winding and a second winding, wherein the first winding is electrically connected between the first terminal of the DC voltage input of the inverter and a first terminal of the DC voltage source and the second winding is electrically connected between the second terminal of the DC voltage input of the inverter and a second terminal of the DC voltage source,
wherein
between the inductor and the DC voltage source there are arranged a first capacitor, which on one side is connected to the current path between the first terminal of the DC voltage source and the first winding of the inductor and on the other side is connected to an additional current conductor, and
a second capacitor, which on one side is connected to the current path between the second terminal of the DC voltage source and the second winding of the inductor and on the other side is connected to the additional current conductor,
wherein the AC voltage output of the inverter comprises a plurality of phase terminals, and wherein an output side capacitor is arranged between each phase terminal of the inverter and the additional current conductor, and
wherein the inverter and the output side capacitor are arranged in a common power module.

US Pat. No. 10,698,100

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining the position of a vehicle, the method comprising:determining a GNS vehicle position by a GNS unit;
acquiring a surrounding environment of the GNS vehicle position by a radar sensor unit of the vehicle to ascertain radar data corresponding to the acquired surrounding environment;
detecting objects situated in the surrounding environment based on the radar data;
ascertaining, for each of the detected objects, a respective direction vector that points from the detected object to a reference point fixed to the vehicle;
comparing the radar data and the ascertained direction vectors to a digital map that has objects and direction vectors assigned to the objects, the direction vectors assigned to the objects pointing to a position in the digital map from which the corresponding object was acquired by a radar sensor unit; and
ascertaining a corrected vehicle position based on the GNS vehicle position and the comparison;
wherein the direction vector includes the angular direction from which the position at the object was acquired, and
wherein the comparison includes a fitting of the radar data to the digital map, and wherein the fitting is carried out using at least one of an iterative closest point algorithm and a particle-based fit algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,697,877

METHOD FOR ASCERTAINING A VISCOSITY OF A FUEL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for ascertaining a viscosity of a fuel with the aid of an electric fuel pump which is integrated into a fuel circuit including an overflow valve which includes a permanently open discharge channel, the method comprising:adjusting a fuel supply and delivery with the aid of the electric fuel pump in the fuel circuit at a specific pressure; and
ascertaining the viscosity of the fuel being ascertained by taking into account a delivery rate of the electric fuel pump.

US Pat. No. 10,695,951

DRILLING TOOL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A drilling tool for a portable machine tool, comprising:at least one spiral thread wound around an axis of rotation of the drilling tool along the axis of rotation, the at least one spiral thread including a first spiral thread and a second spiral thread, the first spiral thread having at least one wearing surface with at least one width;
at least one wearing surface transition, at a position of which the at least one width of the at least one wearing surface is changed; and
at least one spiral thread change, at a position of which a number of the at least one spiral threads is changed,
wherein the second spiral thread merges into the first spiral thread at the at least one spiral thread change, and
wherein the at least one spiral thread change is at the at least one wearing surface transition.

US Pat. No. 10,690,580

SENSOR FOR DETECTING PARTICLES

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor for detecting soot particles, comprising:a sensor element having at least two measuring electrodes which are situated on a carrier substrate; and
a protective tube assembly having at least one outer protective tube and one inner protective tube, the sensor element being situated in the inner protective tube in a longitudinal extension direction, the outer protective tube and the inner protective tube being designed to permit the particles to access the sensor element, the inner protective tube being designed to permit the particles to access the sensor element in a direction deviating from the longitudinal extension direction,
wherein an entire surface of the at least two measuring electrodes is uniformly acted upon by the particles,
wherein the inner protective tube includes openings with differing opening areas,
a sensor housing, wherein the sensor element protrudes from the sensor housing in the longitudinal extension direction, the inner protective tube including openings with differing opening areas, the opening areas decreasing away from the sensor housing in the longitudinal extension direction.

US Pat. No. 10,690,621

SENSOR ELEMENT FOR DETECTING AT LEAST ONE PROPERTY OF A MEASURING GAS IN A MEASURING GAS CHAMBER

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor element for detecting at least one property of a measuring gas in a measuring gas chamber, comprising:a ceramic layer construction that includes at least one electrochemical cell, the electrochemical cell including:
a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
at least one solid electrolyte connecting the first electrode and the second electrode;
wherein an electrode cavity is in the layer construction, wherein the second electrode faces the electrode cavity, and wherein a first outer diameter of the second electrode is greater than a first outer diameter of the electrode cavity;
wherein the electrode cavity includes two round electrode cavity sections that are situated opposite each other with the electrode cavity between the two round electrode cavity sections, the first outer diameter of the electrode cavity is defined by the two round electrode cavity sections, and wherein the second electrode includes two round electrode sections that are situated opposite each other with the second electrode between the two round electrode sections, the first outer diameter of the second electrode being defined by the two round electrode sections; and
wherein the electrode cavity has two straight electrode cavity sections situated opposite each other with the electrode cavity between the two straight electrode cavity sections, a second outer diameter of the electrode cavity being defined by the two straight electrode cavity sections, and wherein the second electrode has two straight electrode sections that are situated opposite each other with the second electrode between the two straight electrode sections, a second outer diameter of the second electrode being defined by the two straight electrode sections, the second outer diameter of the second electrode being greater than the second outer diameter of the electrode cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,689,875

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A PARKING LOT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

4. The method as recited in claim 1, further comprising:after the motor vehicle has been parked and still remains parked in the first parking area section, which is in the second position, and when a further motor vehicle is parked in the second parking area section, automatically unparking the motor vehicle from the first parking area section and into a target position without a driver by:
controlling the further motor vehicle to be driven out of the second parking area section without a driver, thereby making the second parking area section available;
subsequent to the further motor vehicle being driven out of the second parking area section, controlling the hoisting system to shift the first parking area section to the first position;
subsequent to the shift of the first parking area section to the first position, controlling the motor vehicle to be automatically driven out of the first parking area section and to the target position without a driver;
after the motor vehicle has been automatically driven out of the first parking area section, controlling the hoisting system is to shift the first parking area section back to the second position; and
after the shift of the first parking area section back to the second position, controlling the further motor vehicle to be automatically driven to the second parking area section and parked there without a driver.

US Pat. No. 10,690,244

HYDROSTATIC TRANSMISSION WITH OVERSPEED PROTECTION FACILITY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A hydrostatic transmission for a traction drive of a mobile working machine, comprising:a primary unit including a driveshaft coupled to an internal combustion engine of the traction drive;
a secondary unit coupled to an output of the traction drive;
two working lines of a closed circuit, each one of the two working lines configured to fluidically connect the primary unit and the secondary unit; and
an electrical control unit configured to control an adjustable pivot angle or an adjustable swept volume of the primary unit during a braking operation of the hydrostatic transmission, the electrical control unit configured to automatically initiate the braking operation in response to detecting both of the following:
an actual rotational speed of the internal combustion engine or a derived rotational speed derived from the actual rotational speed reaching or overshooting a first activation threshold; and
at least one further actual value or at least one derived further actual value derived from the at least one further actual value reaching or overshooting at least one further activation threshold,
wherein the first activation threshold is greater than a setpoint rotational speed of the internal combustion engine or a derived setpoint rotational speed value derived from the setpoint rotational speed by a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,693,324

MONITORING DEVICE FOR MONITORING AN INDUCTIVE ENERGY TRANSMISSION DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A monitoring device (13) for monitoring a device (10) for inductive energy transmission from at least one transmitting coil (11) to at least one receiving coil (12) spaced apart from the at least one transmitting coil (11), wherein the monitoring device (13) comprises a coil array (15) which has individual coils (16.1, 16.2, . . . 16.n) and is configured to monitor an intermediate space (14) between the at least one transmitting coil (11) and the at least one receiving coil (12), characterized in that the individual coils (16.1, 16.2, . . . 16.n) are configured to be driven individually, such that a detection height can thus be variably adjusted, wherein the individual coils (16.1, 16.2, . . . 16.n) of the coil array (15) are interconnected in such a way that in the event that an individual coil fails, the remaining individual coils (16.1, 16.2, . . . 16.n) are so interconnected through partial switching on and off that the remaining coils form symmetric meshes, or a symmetric, closed line of edges and nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,688,968

WINDSHIELD WIPER DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A windshield wiper device (100) for a vehicle having a fastening element, the device comprisingan installation element (50) which is configured for being installed on the fastening element, the installation element (50) including at least one first securing element (51), wherein the at least one first securing element (51) is an elongate slot in a side wall of the installation element (50), wherein the slot includes a first linear section, a second linear section, and a bend therebetween, and
a wiper blade (2) having
an elongate upper part (10) which is at least partially of flexible form,
an elongate lower part (12) which is at least partially of flexible form,
multiple connecting elements (18) connecting the upper part (10) and the lower part (12), wherein the connecting elements (18) are spaced apart from one another along a longitudinal extent (8) of the wiper blade (2), and wherein the connecting elements (18) are configured to permit a movement of the upper part (10) and of the lower part relative to one another with a movement component along the longitudinal extent (8) of the wiper blade (2),
a wiper blade-side fastening part (20), wherein the wiper blade-side fastening part (20) is configured such that, by way of a movement of the wiper blade-side fastening part (20) relative to the installation element (50), a first engagement action can be realized in order to connect the wiper blade-side fastening part (20) to the installation element (50),
wherein the wiper blade-side fastening part (20) includes at least one first engagement element (21) which is configured to realize the first engagement action with the at least one first securing element (51) of the installation element (50), wherein the at least one first engagement element (21) is a protrusion extending from a side wall of the wiper blade-side fastening part (20) and at least partially into the slot, wherein the entire slot extends in an elongate direction within a plane that is parallel to the longitudinal extent (8) and that is configured to extend perpendicular to a windshield, and wherein the first engagement action includes movement of the protrusion along the slot from the first section to the second section, such that the installation element (50) moves both linearly relatively to the wiper blade (2) along a direction parallel to the longitudinal extent (8), and also rotates relative to the wiper blade (2), and
a latch mechanism (52, 22) which is configured to fix a position of the wiper blade-side fastening part (20) relative to the installation element (50) after the realization of the first engagement action.

US Pat. No. 10,693,110

POUCH FILM FOR A BATTERY CELL SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A pouch film (3) for a battery cell system (1), the pouch film (3) having a longitudinal direction and comprising mutually separate pockets (12) for insertion of electrode assemblies (5), the pockets (12) being impermeable to electrolyte, and the pockets (12) being physically connected to one another in a foldable manner via the pouch film (3), wherein the pouch film (3) has a fold pattern between the pockets (12), wherein the fold pattern has a central region (15a) substantially parallel to the longitudinal direction and flanking regions (15b) surrounding the central region (15a) and substantially orthogonal to the central region (15a), and wherein the flanking regions (15b) are separate from the pockets (12).

US Pat. No. 10,683,789

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A HEATER FOR AN EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A device for determining a current temperature of a PTC heating element wherein the PTC heating element is configured to heat a urea-water solution, the device comprising:a control unit comprising a circuit that permits the control unit to regulate, while the urea-water solution is metered into an exhaust gas upstream of a selective catalytic reduction catalytic convertor, the current temperature of the PTC heating element,
wherein to determine the current temperature of the PTC heating element, the circuit:
stores, as a stored temperature dependence of a reference heating element, a temperature dependence of a resistance of the reference heating element,
determines, while the PTC heating element is at the current temperature of the PTC heating element, a resistance of the PTC heating element,
determines, so as to obtain as a correction factor, a quotient of a minimum resistance of the PTC heating element and a minimum resistance of the reference heating element,
multiplies, so as to obtain a corrected resistance value, the correction factor times the resistance of the PTC heating element, and
determines, from the corrected resistance value and the stored temperature dependence, the current temperature of the PTC heating element.

US Pat. No. 10,684,364

METHOD FOR OPERATING A RADAR DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

4. A non-transitory computer readable data carrier on which is stored a computer program having program code to operate an electronic radar device, the computer program, when executed by the electronic radar device, causing the electronic radar device to perform:receiving, by the radar device, reflected radiation;
ascertaining a matrix with time signals of the reflected radar radiation, each column of the matrix with time signals including values of received time signals of a chirp of a transmission sequence, a number of columns of the matrix with time signals corresponding to a number of chirps of the transmission sequence;
determining elements of a distance-velocity-power matrix of a radar target from the matrix with the time signals the determining of the elements including:
carrying out a first discrete one-dimensional Fourier transform along each column of the matrix with the time signals to provide a resulting matrix, and
carrying out a second discrete one-dimensional Fourier transform along each row of the resulting matrix in such a way that the second discrete one-dimensional Fourier transform is carried out along each alternate row of the resulting matrix with a mathematically defined offset, the carrying out of the second discrete one-dimensional Fourier transform providing the distance-velocity-power matrix; and
detecting an object using the provided distance-velocity-power matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,677,342

GEAR HOUSING INCLUDING SNAP-FIT CONNECTION BETWEEN HOUSING COVER AND GEAR SHAFT

Robert Bosch Mexico Siste...

1. A fastener configured to connect a housing cover to an open end, of a housing container, the housing container including a base, a sidewall that surrounds a periphery of the base and a hollow shaft that extends perpendicularly from, and is fixed to, the base and is surrounded by the sidewall, the fastener comprising:a retainer that includes a post that protrudes from an inner surface of the housing cover and a latch portion disposed on a free end of the post, the latch portion having a diameter that is larger than a diameter of the free end of the post; and
a receptacle disposed in the hollow shaft, the receptacle having a shape of a hollow, truncated cone, the receptacle including a receptacle first end that is fixed to an inner surface of the hollow shaft, a receptacle second end that is spaced apart from the receptacle first end, and slots that extend between the receptacle first end and the receptacle second end and separate the receptacle into elastic fingers,wherein when the retainer is assembled with the receptacle, the post is disposed in the receptacle and extends through the receptacle second end so that the latch portion is disposed outside the receptacle and the retainer is retained in connection with the receptacle via engagement of the latch portion with the receptacle second end.

US Pat. No. 10,677,130

METHODS FOR DETECTING A DOSING ERROR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for detecting a dosing error of a reduction agent in a dosing module (130), which comprises a dosing valve (131) and a first flow valve (132), of a reduction agent delivery system (100), which comprises the dosing module (130), a delivery module (110) with a delivery pump (111) and a return (160), in which a second flow valve (161), which changes an effective cross-sectional area (Aeff) of the return (160) is arranged, comprising the following steps:switching off (201) the delivery pump (111) at a first pressure value (p1) in the reduction agent delivery system (100) when the dosing valve (131) is closed (200);
measuring (202) a first pressure rate (?RLdynamic) of the second flow valve (161) of the return (160);
switching on (203) the delivery pump (111);
switching off (205) the delivery pump (111) when a pressure (p) in the reduction agent delivery system (100) has again reached (204) the first pressure value (p1);
opening (206) the dosing valve (131) until the pressure (p) has fallen to a second pressure value (p2);
measuring (207) a second pressure rate (?RL & DVdynamic) of the second flow valve (161) of the return (160) and of the dosing valve (131) when the dosing valve (131) is open;
calculating (209) a ratio (V) of the two pressure rates (?RLdynamic, ?RL & DVdynamic); and
checking (210) an actual volumetric flow rate (QDV) through the dosing valve (131) with the help of the ratio (V).

US Pat. No. 10,677,668

PRESSURE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MEASURING A PRESSURE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Gerli...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:a main body comprising:
a piezoelectric material; and
at least two internal electrodes arranged in the piezoelectric material, wherein the at least two internal electrodes are arranged such that a voltage arises between the at least two internal electrodes when a pressure acts on a side surface of the main body that is provided for an application of pressure, and wherein a polarization direction of the piezoelectric material changes under action of the pressure;
wherein the pressure sensor is configured to calculate a mechanical stress T acting on the main body based on equations (1) and (2):
s=d33E+s33T  (1)
D=?33 ?0E+d33T  (2),
wherein s indicates a mechanical strain of the main body, D indicates a displacement density, E indicates an electrical field strength of an electrical field that arises owing to a piezoelectric effect, d indicates a piezo constant of the piezoelectric material of the main body, ?33 and ?0 indicate relative permittivities and s33 indicates compliance, and wherein it is assumed that a pressure axis, a polarization axis and a detection axis each correspond and lie in a stacking direction.

US Pat. No. 10,670,637

CURRENT MEASURING CIRCUIT, BATTERY AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A current-measuring circuit for redundantly measuring an electric current, comprising:a measuring resistor having a first end comprising a first connector and a second end comprising a second connector, the first connector and the second connector being configured to connect the measuring resistor in series with a current carrying line;
an evaluation-circuit printed circuit board that lies flat against the measuring resistor, the evaluation-circuit printed circuit board including a magnetic-field sensor and an evaluation circuit,
wherein the evaluation circuit is electrically connected to the measuring resistor and is configured to measure a voltage drop across the measuring resistor when the electric current flows therethrough and determine a first value for the electric current flowing through the measuring resistor based on the measured voltage drop, and
wherein the magnetic-field sensor is arranged on the evaluation-circuit printed circuit board in position to detect a magnetic field generated around the measuring resistor when the electric current flows through the measuring resistor, the evaluation circuit being configured to determine a second value for the electric current flowing through the measuring resistor based on the measured magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 10,674,316

SYSTEM, IN PARTICULAR PORTABLE POWER TOOL SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A portable power tool system comprising:at least one mobile functional module having at least one communication unit configured to communicate electronic data;
at least one building infrastructure apparatus having at least one communication unit configured to communicate with the at least one mobile functional module; and
at least one control and regulation unit configured to determine at least a position of the at least one mobile functional module based on an evaluation of communication between the at least one mobile functional module and the at least one building infrastructure apparatus,
wherein the at least one mobile functional module is configured to at least one of record and transmit to the at least one building infrastructure apparatus at least one of (i) at least one object-specific characteristic variable, (ii) at least one operator-specific characteristic variable, and (iii) at least one environment-specific characteristic variable, and
wherein the at least one control and regulation unit is configured to actively intervene in control and regulation of a portable machine tool on which the at least one mobile functional module is arranged, using the at least one mobile functional module at least based on data transmitted between the at least one mobile functional module and the at least one building infrastructure apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,665,994

MULTIPLE-CONTACT PLUG WITH AN INTEGRATED SHORT-CIRCUIT LINK ELEMENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A multiple-contact plug, comprising:a plug housing having a plurality of contact receiving chambers formed therein;
a plurality of contacts, wherein:
each contact includes a contact base body and an elastically deflectable primary locking lance that protrudes outwardly from the contact base body,
the primary locking lance is elastically reversibly deflectable from an outward-protruding position into a position deflected towards the contact base body, and
each of the contacts is inserted into one of the contact receiving chambers in a direction of insertion and fastened therein, wherein the primary locking lance is configured to lock, in its outward-protruding position, the contact in the contact receiving chamber that receives it; and
at least one short-circuit jumper element, wherein:
electrically conductive contact surfaces of the at least one short-circuit jumper element are situated in at least two of the contact receiving chambers,
a contact surface situated in a first contact receiving chamber is electrically conductively connected to a contact surface situated in a second contact receiving chamber, and
the contact surfaces of at least one short-circuit jumper element are situated in the contact receiving chambers at positions such that the contact surfaces are each contacted by the primary locking lance, in the protruding position thereof, of a contact fixed in the respective contact receiving chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,661,421

TOOL ATTACHMENT FOR A HANDHELD POWER TOOL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A tool attachment for a handheld power tool, having a tool housing having a fastening interface, comprising:a tool attachment arrangement, including:
an attachment housing, on which a locking unit, for locking the tool attachment arrangement on the fastening interface of the handheld power tool; and
a tool receptacle to accommodate an insert tool;
wherein a percussion mechanism is situated in the attachment housing, which is configured to apply percussions carried out in the axial direction in relation to the tool receptacle to the insert tool, which is situated in the tool receptacle, during percussion operation of the tool attachment, and
wherein the tool receptacle is fixed in position in the attachment housing in a non-rotating manner at least during percussion operation,
wherein the tool attachment has an output element which is embodied as an output spindle rotatable about an associated rotation axis and fixed in position in the attachment housing in a non-rotating manner at least during percussion operation, and wherein the rotation axis is coincident with a drive axle of the percussion mechanism,
wherein the tool receptacle is associated with the output spindle,
wherein the percussion mechanism includes a percussion body which is configured to directly percussively drive the output spindle during percussion operation of the tool attachment, and wherein the output spindle is configured to transmit percussions carried out in the axial direction in relation to the tool receptacle directly onto the insert tool situated in the tool receptacle, the output spindle is axially pre-tensioned with a spring element in a direction pointing away from the locking unit,
wherein the output spindle has a radial extension, wherein the percussion body directly strikes the radial extension during percussion operation of the tool attachment.

US Pat. No. 10,649,204

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DEFLECTING A LIGHT BEAM IN ORDER TO SCAN A SOLID ANGLE RANGE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A device for deflecting a light beam to scan a solid angle range, comprising:a deflection device, having an adjustable micromirror, to periodically deflect a light beam in accordance with an actuating signal, to periodically scan a solid angle range, using the micromirror; and
a control device to receive a control signal that indicates a currently selected solid angle in the solid angle range to be scanned, and to generate the actuating signal based on the received control signal; and
wherein the control device is configured to generate the actuating signal so that a maximum of a location probability density of the periodically deflected light beam is situated at the selected solid angle by varying, during at least one period of the periodic scan, an angular velocity of the micromirror;
wherein the control device generates, for the at least one period, the actuating signal in such a manner that, based on the actuating signal, a first angular velocity of the micromirror while scanning within the selected solid angle is different than a second angular velocity of the micromirror while scanning within the solid angle range outside the selected solid angle, the first angular velocity being slower than the second angular velocity;
wherein the location probability density is a function which indicates a probability of the light beam per differential solid angle so that integration of the location probability density over the entirety of the solid angle range yields one.

US Pat. No. 10,651,780

METHOD FOR OPERATING A CIRCUIT ASSEMBLY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

7. A non-transitory computer readable storage medium having a computer program, which is executable by a computing unit, comprising:a computer program for operating a circuit system having at least three control stages for at least three phases, each of the control stages having a high-side switch and a low-side switch, each of the high-side switches and each of the low-side switches being capable of being brought into an electrically conductive state and into an electrically non-conductive state, by performing the following:
determining a quantity that influences a temperature of at least one of the high-side switches and the low-side switches;
selecting, in groups, either the high-side switches or the low-side switches as a function of the quantity influencing the temperature; and
controlling the selected high-side switches or low-side switches in a freewheeling phase, so that the selected high-side switches or low-side switches form a freewheel during the freewheeling phase;
wherein the high-side switches are situated and mounted in a center segment of a semiconductor module, and the low-side switches are situated and mounted in an edge segment of the semiconductor module, so that the high-side switches have a better cooling connection to the semiconductor module than the low-side switches,
wherein the edge segment and the center segment are separate from one another on the semiconductor module,
wherein the center segment has a larger surface area than does the edge segment, and wherein the semiconductor module is an integrated circuit,
wherein the semiconductor module is on a semiconductor substrate, and
wherein the high-side switches are formed as p-channel semiconductor switching elements having a larger surface than the low-side switches, which are formed as n-channel semiconductor switching elements, so as to improve heat dissipation of the high-side switches.

US Pat. No. 10,648,828

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining the position of a vehicle, comprising:sensing, using a sensor of the vehicle, multiple objects in a surround field of the vehicle, the objects including at least one of: a lane marking, an interrupted lane marking, an interruption of an interrupted lane marking, a reflector post, a bridge pile, a post of a toll bridge, or a post of a guardrail;
counting, using a processor, identical sensed objects of the multiple sensed objects to determine a quantity of the identical sensed objects, wherein sizes of the identical sensed objects are determined, the sizes in each case being compared to a reference size, and the counting includes in the determined quantity only the identical sensed objects whose determined sizes correspond to the reference size;
detecting, using the processor, a sequence of objects corresponding to the multiple sensed objects in a digital map, the sequence including the determined quantity of the corresponding objects; and
determining, using the processor, a position of the vehicle in the digital map based on a position of the detected sequence in the digital map.

US Pat. No. 10,644,675

SWITCHED RESISTANCE DEVICE WITH REDUCED SENSITIVITY TO PARASITIC CAPACITANCE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A stacked switched resistance device comprising:a clock source configured to generate a predetermined clock signal at a predetermined frequency and a predetermined duty cycle; and
a plurality of segments connected in series and configured to produce a first effective resistance, each segment comprising:
a resistor including an inherent resistance and an inherent parasitic capacitance; and
a transistor connected in series with the resistor, the transistor having a control terminal operatively connected to clock source and configured to receive the predetermined clock signal, the transistor being configured to operate as a switch to connect and disconnect a current flow through the resistor in response to the predetermined clock signal,
wherein the first effective resistance of the stacked switched resistance device exceeds a second effective resistance of at least one resistor that is connected in series to a single transistor configured to connect and disconnect the at least one resistor in response to the predetermined clock signal, the at least one resistor having an inherent resistance that is equal to a sum of the inherent resistances of the resistors in the plurality of segments and an inherent parasitic capacitance that is equal to a sum of the inherent parasitic capacitances of the resistors in the plurality of segments.

US Pat. No. 10,641,722

MICROMECHANICAL MOISTURE SENSOR DEVICE AND CORRESPONDING MANUFACTURING METHOD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A micromechanical moisture sensor device, comprising:a substrate;
a first electrode device situated on the substrate;
a second electrode device situated on the substrate;
an electrical insulation device situated between the first electrode device and the second electrode device, the insulation device including:
a first area which is in contact with the first electrode device,
a second area which is uncovered by the first electrode device and the second electrode device, and
a third area that is in contact with the second electrode device;
a moisture-sensitive functional layer which is applied directly onto the first electrode device, the second electrode device, and the second area of the insulation device lying between them in such a way that the moisture-sensitive functional layer forms a moisture-sensitive resistive electrical shunt at least in some areas between the first electrode device and the second electrode device, wherein the moisture-sensitive functional layer has a uniform thickness on the first electrode device, the second electrode device, and the second area of the insulation device, wherein:
the first electrode device and the second electrode device and the insulation device are vertically stacked on the substrate,
the second electrode device includes an electrode plate and the first electrode device includes a plurality of electrode bars which are situated laterally spaced having an insulation area of the insulation device located between each of them on the electrode plate in such a way that a parallel circuit is formed by a corresponding plurality of moisture-sensitive resistive electrical shunts between the first electrode device and the second electrode device,
the electrode plate includes a top surface having a single continuous planar shape,
the insulation device includes a plurality of insulation bars laterally spaced apart from each other and vertically stacked on top of and in direct contact with the electrode plate on the top surface of the electrode plate, and
each of the electrode bars is stacked on top of and in direct contact with a respective one of the insulation bars.

US Pat. No. 10,619,734

HYDROSTATIC TRANSMISSION AND METHOD FOR BRAKING USING THE SAME

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A hydrostatic transmission for a traction drive, comprising:a primary unit coupled to an internal combustion engine of the traction drive;
at least one secondary unit coupled to an output of the traction drive;
two working lines of a closed circuit configured to fluidically connect the primary unit and the at least one secondary unit;
an electrical control unit, wherein each of the primary unit and the at least one secondary unit have an adjustable pivot angle or an adjustable swept volume which are controllable by the electrical control unit during a braking operation of the hydrostatic transmission; and
a P closed-loop controller configured for closed-loop control of a required total braking torque or of a value proportional to the required total braking torque,
wherein an input variable of the P closed-loop controller is (i) a traveling speed difference between a setpoint traveling speed and an actual traveling speed, or (ii) a rotational speed difference, proportional to the traveling speed difference, between a setpoint rotational speed and an actual rotational speed of the at least one secondary unit, and
wherein an output variable of the P closed-loop controller is a first additional braking torque of the at least one secondary unit or a first value, proportional to the first additional braking torque, of the at least one secondary unit.

US Pat. No. 10,615,729

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE AND CONTROL DEVICE FOR A SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for controlling a synchronous machine (2), the method comprising:identifying (S1), via a voltage sensor and an electronic controller, a voltage profile at the terminals of the synchronous machine (2) rotating without a stator current;
calculating (S2), via the electronic controller, a current profile, which is suitable, in conjunction with the identified voltage profile, for achieving a predetermined state at the synchronous machine (2);
calculating (S3), via the electronic controller, a voltage profile at the terminals of the synchronous machine (2), which voltage profile is suitable for setting the calculated current profile at the synchronous machine (2); and
actuating (S4), via the electronic controller, the synchronous machine by way of the calculated voltage profile.

US Pat. No. 10,613,194

HAND TOOL DEVICE HAVING AT LEAST ONE LOCATING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A handheld tool apparatus, comprising:a computation unit including a processor; and
a locating antenna configured to receive a locating signal,
wherein the processor is configured to ascertain at least one piece of position information of a locatable object by determining a circularly polarized component of the locating signal,
wherein the locating antenna has an antenna element surface configured to transmit signals in at least two orthogonal, linear polarization directions and to receive reflections of the signals from the at least two orthogonal, linear polarization directions,
wherein the processor configured to cause the locating antenna to transmit the locating signal separately in the at least two orthogonal, linear polarization directions,
wherein the processor is further configured to determine the circularly polarized component from reflections of the locating signal received by the locating antenna from the at least two orthogonal, linear polarization directions, and
wherein the processor is configured to ascertain the at least one piece of position information of the locatable object by determining a phase shift of the circularly polarized component of the locating signal.

US Pat. No. 10,616,555

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ASCERTAINING AN IMAGE OF THE SURROUNDINGS OF A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for ascertaining an image of surroundings of a vehicle based on image captures of a camera that (a) is in or on the vehicle, (b) includes a sensor composed of a plurality of sensing regions, (c) captures, at a first point in time, a first image composed of a first plurality of data elements, and (d) captures, at a second point in time, a second image composed of a second plurality of data elements, wherein the capture of the first and second images occurs by each and every one of the plurality of sensing regions sensing a respective one of the first plurality of data elements and sensing a respective one of the second plurality of data elements, the method comprising:of the first plurality of data elements that formed the first image, reading in from the camera only a first subset, which is less than all, of the first plurality of data elements of the first image, wherein the first subset of the first plurality of data elements were sensed by only a first subset, which is less than all, of the sensing regions of the sensor, wherein a remainder, other than the first subset, of the first plurality of data elements that formed the first image, which were sensed by other ones of the sensing regions, are not read in;
of the second plurality of data elements that formed the second image, reading in from the camera only a subset, which is less than all, of the second plurality of data elements of the second image, wherein the subset of the second plurality of data elements were sensed by only a second subset of the of the sensing regions of the sensor, wherein the second subset of the sensing regions is different than the first subset of the sensing regions and wherein a remainder, other than the subset, of the second plurality of data elements that formed the second image, which were sensed by those of the sensing regions other than the second subset of the sensing regions, are not read in;
processing the read in subset of the second plurality of data elements using one or both of a vehicle parameter and a driving parameter to obtain an estimate of a second subset, which is less than all, of the first plurality of data elements of the first image, which were sensed by the second subset of the sensing regions of the sensor; and
combining the first subset of the first plurality of data elements with the processed subset of the second plurality of data elements to obtain at least a part of the image of the surroundings of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,613,049

CAPACITIVE SENSOR FOR DETECTING A MEDIUM, AND CORRESPONDING METHOD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor for detecting at least one medium, comprising:a capacitive measuring device having at least two electrodes and at least one dielectric present between the at least two electrodes, at least one permittivity of the at least one dielectric being a function of at least one concentration of the at least one medium between the at least two electrodes, through which at least one capacitance present between the at least two electrodes is variable; and
an electronic device which is configured to ascertain a variable at least one of: i) regarding the variable capacitance, and ii) dependent on the variable capacitance, and to determine and output at least one information item regarding a presence of at least one of: i) the at least one medium, and ii) the at least one concentration of the at least one medium in view of the at least one ascertained variable;
wherein the electronic device is additionally configured to vary a voltage applied between the at least two electrodes, using at least two different frequencies, the at least one variable being ascertainable for each of the frequencies, and at least one deviation variable regarding a deviation of the variables ascertained for the different frequencies from one another being able to be determined by the electronic device, and the at least one information item being able to be determined in additional view of the at least one deviation variable,
wherein the determination of the at least one variable occurs at an equal atmospheric moisture concentration or between the two frequencies of 100 Hz and 100 kHz,
wherein the electronic device is configured to determine at least one of an aging factor and contamination factor, in view of the at least one deviation variable, and to determine, correct or redetermine the at least one information item in view of the at least one of the aging factor and the contamination factor.

US Pat. No. 10,611,003

ABRASIVE-MEANS HOLDING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An abrasive-means holding device for holding an abrasive means, comprising:a holding body configured to be rotated about a central axis, the holding body having:
a first side and a second side facing away from the first side,
at least one vacuuming opening that extends through the holding body from the first side to the second side thereof, and
at least one group of aspiration cavities that are arranged at least on the first side of the holding body and that are fluidically connected to each other in each case by at least one through-hole that connects the aspiration cavities,
wherein at least one aspiration cavity forms a vacuuming cavity that, substantially in a direction of flow going from the first side to the second side of the holding body, is directly fluidically connected to the at least one vacuuming opening and that is configured to vacuum-off dust immediately out of an adjacent aspiration cavity and mediately out of a, in relation to the adjacent aspiration cavity, more distantly adjacent aspiration cavity, and
wherein the aspiration cavities of the group are arranged in relation to each other along a linear course and, in a plane parallel to a lateral face of the first side of the holding body, are surrounded by 360° by the holding body.

US Pat. No. 10,593,458

METHOD FOR ACTUATING AN ELECTROMAGNETIC VALVE, AND CORRESPONDING FLUID SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for actuating an electromagnetic valve in a fluid system, comprising:applying, for a specified first period of time, a switching current with a specified first amplitude, which switches the electromagnetic valve from a rest state into a switched state;
applying a holding current, following an expiry of the specified first period of time, with a specified second amplitude, which holds the electromagnetic valve in the switched state, wherein the first amplitude of the switching current is greater than the second amplitude of the holding current; and
specifying the first amplitude of the switching current and the second amplitude of the holding current as a function of at least one piece of temperature information that identifies a low fluid temperature or a high fluid temperature,
wherein, prior to the first period of time, the switching current is increased from an initial value, to the second amplitude that is greater than the initial value, to a first stage value greater than the second amplitude, to a second stage value greater than the first stage value, and to the first amplitude that is greater than the second stage value, and
wherein, following the expiry of the first period of time when the high fluid temperature is identified, the switching current is decreased from the first amplitude directly to the second amplitude to apply the holding current.

US Pat. No. 10,587,259

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A DIFFERENTIAL VOLTAGE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A circuit for generating a differential voltage, comprising:a first single-ended terminal;
a second single-ended terminal;
a first capacitor;
a first switch;
a second switch, wherein the first capacitor facilitates a first current flow from the second single-ended terminal to the first single-ended terminal in a charged state, when the first switch and the second switch are closed;
a second capacitor for at least one of:
adding a second current flow to the first current flow via the first capacitor in the charged state, or
allowing the second current flow when the first current flow via the first capacitor stops;
a fifth switch; and
a sixth switch, wherein the second capacitor facilitates the second current flow from the second single-ended terminal to the first single-ended terminal, when the fifth switch and the sixth switch are closed.

US Pat. No. 10,584,001

METHOD FOR TRANSPORTING A MATERIAL, MULTI-DIMENSIONAL DRIVE, AND PROCESSING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for transporting a product (50), the method comprising:providing a multidirectional drive having a stator (120) having a first magnet unit (121) for generating a first magnetic field, and a mover (110) which has a second magnet unit (111) for generating a second magnetic field for magnetic interaction with the first magnetic field, wherein the drive further includes a carrier (10) for a product (50) to be transported, wherein the mover (110) is movable relative to the stator (120) in a contactless and controllable manner by the magnetic interaction,
using the carrier (10) to receive and carry the product (50),
acquiring at least one variable representative of a movement state of the carrier (10) and thus the movement state of the carrier (10) with and without product (50), and
before, during, and/or after a transportation procedure of the carrier (10), determining the mass of the product (50)
(a) from a variable representative of a change of the movement state of the carrier (10) and/or
(b) from a variable representative of a means for achieving and/or maintaining the movement state of the carrier (10) with and without product (50).

US Pat. No. 10,583,544

HAND-HELD POWER TOOL DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A hand-held power tool device, comprising:an output unit including a hammer percussion surface;
a striker including a hammer percussion surface and at least two rotary percussion surfaces;
a rotary percussion receiver for establishing a transfer of a rotary percussion between the striker and the output unit at least during a rotary percussion mode of the hand-held power tool device, the rotary percussion receiver being connected in a rotationally fixed manner to the output unit and including at least two rotary percussion surfaces;
a rotary percussion switch-off device for interrupting the transfer of the rotary percussion from the striker to the rotary percussion receiver, at least during a hammer percussion mode of the hand-held power tool device; and
a percussion spring configured to accelerate the striker in a direction of the output unit during the hammer percussion mode,
wherein, during the rotary percussion mode, the striker delivers, in the direction of the output unit, at least one rotary percussion pulse from the at least two rotary percussion surfaces to the at least two rotary percussion surfaces of the rotary percussion receiver in a rotary direction of the output unit during the rotary percussion mode, and delivers at least one hammer percussion pulse in an axial direction of the output unit,
wherein, during the hammer percussion mode, the striker delivers at least one rotary percussion pulse from the hammer percussion surface to the hammer percussion surface of the output unit in an axial direction of the output unit,
wherein the rotary percussion switch-off device supports the rotary percussion receiver in an axially displaceable manner such that during the hammer percussion mode (i) the rotary percussion receiver is arranged in an axial position in which the at least two rotary percussion surfaces of the rotary percussion receiver are situated out of range of the at least two rotary percussion surfaces of the striker, and (ii) the hammer percussion surface of the striker axially impacts the hammer percussion surface of the output unit.

US Pat. No. 10,586,665

ELECTRIC POWER TOOL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An electric power tool, comprising:a tool receptacle; and
a tool housing in which a drive motor configured to drive the tool receptacle is arranged, wherein:
the drive motor is configured to be switched on and off via an electric on/off switch,
an operating part for at least indirectly actuating the on/off switch is arranged on the tool housing, the operating part at least regionally extends at least approximately parallel to a longitudinal axis of the tool housing,
the operating part is configured as a lever and is arranged pivotably on the tool housing,
an actuating member of the electric on/off switch is displaceable at least approximately parallel to the longitudinal axis by an actuating force that acts on the operating part at least approximately perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis,
the drive motor is configured to be switched on when the actuating force acts on the operating part counter to a restoring force of the electric on/off switch,
the drive motor is configured to be switched off automatically when the operating part is released by a user, due at least in part to the restoring force of the electric on/off switch,
the operating part includes a two-armed pawl, which is received in a pivotable manner at a pivot point on the tool housing, the two-armed pawl having a first arm on a first side of the pivot point and a second arm on a second side of the pivot point,
the actuating member of the electric on/off switch is configured to be actuated by a first arm of an angle lever arranged pivotably in the tool housing, and
a second arm of the angle lever bears on the second arm of the two-armed pawl is connected to the second arm of the two-armed pawl by a coupling joint.

US Pat. No. 10,581,291

STATOR FOR AN ELECTRIC MACHINE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

2. A stator (10) for an electric machine (12), the stator comprising a stator body (34) which has radial stator teeth (14),wherein each stator tooth (14) accommodates in each case exactly one sub-coil (18) of an electrical winding (16),
wherein the winding (16) is composed exactly of two separate first and second winding strands (24, 25) which are wound from exactly two separate winding wires (22) and which have in each case three phases (26) with in each case at least two sub-coils (18, 17),
wherein in each case one insulating lamination (40) is arranged on the stator body (34) on both axial face sides (39), and at least one of the two insulating laminations (40) is of closed form at an outer circumference (41) and has guide elements (44) for connecting wires (30, 31) between the individual sub-coils (18), which guide elements are arranged in axially different planes,
wherein in each case two sub-coils (18) which are situated immediately adjacent to one another are directly connected to one another by means of a continuously wound connecting wire (31) to form a sub-coil pair (17),
wherein wire starts (28) and wire ends (29) of the first and second winding strands (24, 25) are fixed in each case in labyrinth-like protruding structures (50) of the insulating lamination (40), and
wherein a wire start (28) and a wire end (29) of the same winding strand (24, 25) are arranged adjacent to one another in parallel over a particular circumferential region (47) such that they can be jointly contacted with a conductor element (58) of an interconnect plate (52).

US Pat. No. 10,576,954

BRAKE FLUID PRESSURE CONTROL UNIT, BRAKE SYSTEM FOR MOTORCYCLE, AND MOTORCYCLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A motorcycle comprising:a brake system including at least one hydraulic circuit having a primary channel for communicating between a master cylinder and a wheel cylinder; a secondary channel for releasing a brake fluid in the primary channel,
and a brake fluid pressure control unit comprising
an inlet valve provided in the primary channel;
an outlet valve provided in the secondary channel;
a pressurizing/transferring mechanism provided on a downstream side of the outlet valve in the secondary channel and configured to pressurize and transfer the brake fluid in the secondary channel; and
a controller for executing a fluid pressure control operation of the brake fluid in the wheel cylinder, and
a drive mechanism,
wherein a power source of the pressurizing/transferring mechanism is the drive mechanism of the motorcycle, the drive mechanism being driven in a state where the fluid pressure control operation by the controller is not executed,
wherein power of the drive mechanism is transmitted to the pressurizing/transferring mechanism via a transmission mechanism including a transmission pipe that is filled with a transmission fluid,
wherein the motorcycle further comprises a transmitted power control mechanism configured to control the power transmitted by the transmission mechanism, and
wherein the transmitted power control mechanism is a valve configured to control distribution of the transmission fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,576,958

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A LEAKAGE IN A HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining a leakage in a hydraulic brake system in a vehicle, the hydraulic brake system including a hydraulic footbrake and an automated hand brake having an electromechanical actuator, the hydraulic footbrake and the automated hand brake configured to act on a brake piston, the method comprising:detecting, with at least one first sensor, a suspected leakage in the hydraulic brake system;
evaluating with a control unit the suspected leakage in the hydraulic brake system based upon the detection;
detecting with at least one second sensor an actuation of the automated hand brake during the evaluation of the suspected leakage;
discarding with the control unit the detected suspected leakage based on the evaluation when there is no leakage; and
at least one of entering an error in an error memory and outputting a message to an operator of the vehicle based on the evaluation when there is leakage in the hydraulic brake system, wherein evaluating with the control unit the suspected leakage in the hydraulic brake system based upon the detection comprises:
determining with the control unit that no leakage in the hydraulic brake system has occurred when the at least one second sensor detects the actuation of the automated hand brake.

US Pat. No. 10,576,652

ARTICULATING OSCILLATING POWER TOOL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A power tool comprising:a housing;
a motor located in the housing and having a drive shaft configured for rotation about a longitudinal axis;
an actuator operatively coupled to the drive shaft and configured to convert the rotation of the drive shaft to an oscillatory displacement in a plane;
a tool holder fixed to the actuator and configured to move in response to movement of the actuator;
a tool supported by the tool holder, the tool having a working surface defining a working surface plane; and
an articulator operatively coupled to said housing and said tool holder, said articulator configured to permit adjustment of the tool holder through a range of angles relative to said longitudinal axis,
wherein the actuator, tool holder and tool are configured so that the tool is supported by said tool holder with the plane of the tool working surface substantially parallel to and collinear with the longitudinal axis of the motor drive shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,578,203

DRIVE UNIT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A drive unit (100), comprising a bearing device (50) for a drive motor (1) which interacts via a drive shaft (2), which is mounted at multiple points, with a gear element (13), comprising a first bearing element (3) which is arranged on a side of the drive motor (1) which is opposite the gear element, a second bearing element (4) which is arranged between the drive motor (1) and the gear element (13), and a third bearing element (20; 20a to 20h) which is arranged on a side of the gear element (13) which faces away from the drive motor (1), wherein the third bearing element (20; 20a to 20h) is arranged movably in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal axis (21) of the drive shaft (2), and wherein the third bearing element (20; 20a to 20h) is accommodated in a receptacle (38; 38a; 66) of a gear housing (10), characterized in that the receptacle (38; 38a; 66) for the third bearing element (20; 20a to 20h) in the gear housing (10) is arranged with respect to the drive shaft (2) laterally next to the drive shaft (2) in a partial region in a circumferential direction of the drive shaft (2), and in that the third bearing element (20; 20a to 20h) has a contact element (28; 28a to 28h) which is arranged in constant bearing contact with the drive shaft (2), wherein the contact element (28; 28a; 28b; 28d; 28e) interacts with a stop (37; 48; 65) which limits a deflection of the contact element (28; 28a; 28b; 28d; 28e) in a direction running perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis (21) of the drive shaft (2), characterized in that the drive shaft (2) has toothing (11) mating with toothing (12) on the gear wheel (13), and wherein a supporting element in the form of a third bearing element (20, 20a to 20h) is configured to limit deflection of an end region (15) of the drive shaft (2), the deflection caused by a force F between the toothing (11) and the toothing (12), in a direction running perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis (21) of the drive shaft (2) and pointing away from the gear wheel (13).

US Pat. No. 10,564,255

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A RADAR SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a radar system of a motor vehicle, the method comprising:receiving, by a differentiator, a reception signal from a receiver of the radar system;
determining, by the differentiator, a time derivative of the reception signal;
ascertaining, by an ascertainer from extreme values of the determined time derivative of the reception signal, a straight line, the straight line representing a measure for a time derivative of a phase response of an interference signal; and
eliminating, by an eliminator, the interference signal from the reception signal based on the straight line.

US Pat. No. 10,557,710

DUAL-AXIS ULTRA-ROBUST ROTATION RATE SENSOR FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

Robert Bosch GMBH, Stutt...

1. A rotation rate sensor, comprising:a substrate having a main plane of extension;
at least one first rotation rate sensor structure for detecting a first rotation rate of the rotation rate sensor about an axis that is essentially in parallel to a first axis extending in parallel to the main plane of extension;
at least one second rotation rate sensor structure for detecting a second rotation rate of the rotation rate sensor about an axis that is parallel to a second axis extending perpendicularly with respect to the main plane of extension;
a drive device for deflecting at least one first structure of the first rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate, and at least one second structure of the first rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and with respect to the first structure, and for deflecting at least one third structure of the second rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and at least one fourth structure of the second rotation rate sensor structure that is movable with respect to the substrate and with respect to the third structure, in such a way that the first, second, third, and fourth structures are excitable into a mechanically coupled oscillation;
wherein the first structure and the fourth structure are excitable into a linear oscillation in phase with respect to one another, and are excitable into an linear oscillation in phase opposition with respect to the second structure and the third structure, in each case with motion components in parallel to a third axis extending perpendicularly with respect to the first axis and perpendicularly with respect to the second axis, the rotation rate sensor being configured in such a way that a first action of force on the first structure and a second action of force on the second structure, in phase opposition with respect to the first action of force, are detectable based on the first rotation rate, and a third action of force on the third structure and a fourth action of force on the fourth structure, in phase opposition with respect to the third action of force, are detectable based on the second rotation rate.

US Pat. No. 10,557,931

RADAR MEASUREMENT METHOD WITH DIFFERENT FIELDS OF VIEW

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

12. An FMCW radar sensor comprising:a control and evaluation device; and
transmitting antennas;
wherein:
at least one of the transmitting antennas has a different field of view than at least one other of the transmitting antennas with respect to at least one of an aperture angle and a range;
received signals are used for generating baseband signals;
the control and evaluation device is designed to perform a method for localizing a radar target in which FMCW radar measurements are performed with the transmitting antennas; and
the method includes:
(a) in one measurement cycle, performing, for each of the fields of view of the transmitting antennas, a respective measurement, wherein:
the respective measurement includes using frequency modulation to transmit at least two interleaved sequences of transmission signal ramps;
for each of the sequences, a same respective time interval of the respective sequence offsets from each other respective ramps of all pairs of immediately temporally adjacent ones of the ramps of the respective sequence;
for each of the sequences, a respective index value of each of the ramps of the sequence is a respective temporal position of the respective ramp relative to all other ramps of the respective sequence;
the sequences of the of all of the fields of view are temporally interleaved with one another;
for at least one of the fields of view, the sequences of the respective field of view result in at least two different, regularly recurring time offsets;
each of the at least two different, regularly recurring time offsets:
 corresponds to a respective pair of the sequences of the respective field of view;
 temporally offsets from each other the ramps of each pair of the ramps of the respective pair of the sequences that have a same one of the index values; and
 differs from the time intervals of the respective pair of the sequences;
(b) based on the baseband signals, calculating, by two-dimensional Fourier transformation and for each of the sequences, a respective two-dimensional spectrum, wherein each of the two-dimensional spectra includes:
a respective first dimension whose data points each corresponds to a respective single one of the ramps of the respective sequence to which the respective spectrum corresponds; and
a respective second dimension whose data points each corresponds to a respective characteristic of a combination of the ramps of the respective sequence to which the respective spectrum corresponds; and
(c) for each of the fields of view:
(1) determining, based on a position of a peak in at least one of the two-dimensional spectra calculated for the sequences of the respective field of view, a plurality of relative velocity values of a relative velocity of a radar target detected in the respective field of view, the determined relative velocity values being periodic with a predetermined velocity period;
(2) for each of two or more of the determined periodic relative velocity values:
 (I) calculating a phase relationship based on the respective relative velocity value;
 (II) determining a phase relationship between spectral values that are, respectively, in positions of the two-dimensional spectra of the respective field of view that correspond to each other; and
 (III) comparing to each other (i) the phase relationship calculated based on the respective relative velocity value and (ii) the determined phase relationship between the spectral values to obtain a comparison result; and
(3) based on the comparison result, selecting one of the determined periodic relative velocity values as an estimated value for the relative velocity of the radar target detected in the respective field of view.

US Pat. No. 10,554,444

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A BUS SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a bus system, the method comprising:receiving, by a first user device on the bus system from a second user device on the bus system, a message of the bus system, the message is intended for receipt by a designated recipient of the message and includes an identifier associated with the designated recipient, the designated recipient is a third user device on the bus system, the third user device is different than the first user device and different than the second user device, the first user device is different than the second user device;
ascertaining, by the first user device, a validity of the message;
determining, by the first user device, the message is “not valid” based on the ascertaining;
based on determining the message is “not valid,” transmitting on the bus system by the first user device, a defend message to the designated recipient of the message;
wherein the defend message is configured to trigger the designated recipient to initiate defensive measures against the message; and
wherein the bus system is within a motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,539,200

SOUND-BASED BRAKE WEAR DETECTION FOR VEHICLE BRAKING SYSTEMS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A system for monitoring brake wear in a braking system of a vehicle, the system comprising:a microphone; and
an electronic controller configured to
receive an audio signal from the microphone,
determine a sound characteristic of the audio signal,
determine, based upon the sound characteristic, a condition of a brake component of the braking system, wherein the condition of the brake component indicates a percentage of wear of the brake component, and wherein the percentage is correlated to the determined sound characteristic,
generate a notification regarding the condition, and
perform at least one selected from the group of sending the notification to a display for output to a user, storing the notification in a memory, and modifying operation of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,539,246

PRESSURE EQUALIZATION ELEMENT HAVING A MEMBRANE, HOUSING, BATTERY CELL MODULE, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A pressure equalization element for a housing, comprising:at least two non-return valves arranged in parallel and positioned in opposition to each other, the at least two non-return valves formed by:
two valve plates that define:
at least one inlet chamber with an inlet opening and an outlet opening; and
at least one outlet chamber with an inlet opening and an outlet opening; and
a valve membrane positioned between the two valve plates, the valve membrane including at least two valve caps, each valve cap sealing off a respective inlet opening of the at least one inlet chamber and at least one outlet chamber, the valve membrane further including a circumferential O-ring;
a membrane connected in series with the at least two non-return valves; and
a protective cap defining a hollow interior,
wherein the membrane and the two valve plates are received within the hollow interior, and
wherein the circumferential O-ring is arranged in direct contact with the protective cap.

US Pat. No. 10,525,847

POWER SWITCH, BATTERY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A POWER SWITCH

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A power switch (100) for a battery system (750), the power switch (100) comprising:a first terminal (104);
a second terminal (106);
a control terminal (102) configured to receive a control signal (108);
a device (112) for defining a power switching signal (114) and a communication signal (116) using the control signal (108);
a power section (118) with at least one first switch (122) for switching an electrical connection between the first terminal (104) and the second terminal (106) using the power switching signal (114); and
a communication section (120) with at least one second switch (124) for switching the electrical connection between the first terminal (104) and the second terminal (106) based on the communication signal (116).

US Pat. No. 10,514,443

METHOD FOR EVALUATING RADAR RADIATION, AND RADAR APPARATUS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for evaluating radar radiation, comprising:receiving a plurality of radar waves in time-offset fashion;
outputting respective individual measured signals, in a complex form, for each of the received radar waves; and
ascertaining and outputting a total measured signal by summation of a plurality of weighted products, the plurality of weighted products including:
for each of the individual measured signals, a respective weighted product of the respective individual measured signal times a respective conjugatedly complex of the respective individual measured signal; and
for each of one or more of the individual measured signals, a respective weighted product of the respective individual measured signal times the respective conjugatedly complex of another of the individual measured signal that is received adjacently, in time, to the respective individual measured signal.

US Pat. No. 10,507,811

HYDRAULIC BLOCK FOR A HYDRAULIC UNIT OF A BRAKE CONTROL SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A hydraulic block for a brake control system of a hydraulic automotive braking system, wherein the hydraulic block has a main brake cylinder bore in which a main brake cylinder piston is axially displaceably accommodated, a signal generator connected to the main brake cylinder piston in an axially fixed manner, and a sensor which measures a signal of the signal generator by a noncontact method, wherein the hydraulic block includes a sensor bore in which the sensor is situated in a signal range of the signal generator, wherein:the hydraulic block includes a signal generator bore parallel to the main brake cylinder bore,
a length of the sensor bore extends into the hydraulic block along a direction that is transverse to and radially displaced from an axis of the signal generator bore,
the signal generator is situated in the signal generator bore and moves together with the main brake cylinder piston,
the signal generator is connected to a rod which is connected in an axially fixed manner to the main brake cylinder piston, the rod being situated in the signal generator bore,
a cap is mounted to a first end of the main brake cylinder piston that protrudes from the hydraulic block,
a strap is mounted on the cap, and
a first end of the rod that protrudes from the hydraulic block is mounted on the strap such that the main brake cylinder piston and the rod are connected in an axially fixed manner via the cap and the strap.

US Pat. No. 10,509,975

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ESTIMATING A DIRECTION OF A VIEW OF A VEHICLE OCCUPANT, METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A HEAD MOVEMENT GAIN PARAMETER SPECIFIC FOR A VEHICLE OCCUPANT, AND METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ESTIMATING THE DIRECTION OF VIEW OF A VEHICLE OCCUPAN

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for estimating a direction of view of an occupant of a vehicle, the method including the following steps:ascertaining a head fixation position of a head of the vehicle occupant, which terminates a current head movement of the head, using sensor data concerning an angular speed of the current head movement; and
combining the head fixation position and a head movement gain parameter to estimate the direction of view of the vehicle occupant, the head movement gain parameter being a function of a head movement pattern individual for a vehicle occupant during a visual fixing of an object.

US Pat. No. 10,503,166

METHOD OF PROCESSING DATA FOR AN AUTOMATED VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for processing data for an automated vehicle, comprising:operating at least two processing units, the at least two processing units being monitored by a monitoring device having at least two self-monitoring monitoring units;
carrying out defined monitoring of the at least two processing units with the aid of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units, a master functionality of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units being assumed only by a first one of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units and not by any others of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units, wherein each of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units monitors all of the at least two processing units, the monitoring by each of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units including receiving result data from each of the at least two processing units and comparing the received result data to one another to determine whether the received result data are identical to each other; and
in the event of a fault of the first one of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units carrying out the master functionality, the master functionality is taken over by a second one of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units which is downstream of the first one of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring monitoring units so that only the second one of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units assumes the master functionality and none of the others of the at least two self-monitoring monitoring units assumes the master functionality;
wherein the master functionality includes triggering the at least two processing units to synchronize them.

US Pat. No. 10,502,336

VALVE AND ASSEMBLY METHOD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A valve for installing in a valve bore of a housing or of a valve block, the valve comprising:a valve bushing configured to be inserted into the valve bore;
a valve piston configured to be guided in an axially movable manner in the valve bushing, the valve piston having an actuating section that projects axially below the valve bushing; and
a valve cover arranged over the valve bore, wherein:
the valve cover, together with the actuating section of the valve piston, defines at least a first actuating pressure space and a second actuating pressure space,
the valve cover is divided axially into at least two components, including an intermediate cover that guides the actuating section in a main bore and a functional cover provided on a first side of the intermediate cover that is remote from the valve bushing, said functional cover defining at least one control channel,
the actuating section divides the main bore into the first actuating pressure space on a side of the actuating section facing toward the functional cover and into the second actuating pressure space on a side of the actuating section facing toward the valve bushing,
the intermediate cover has a further control channel opening into the second actuating pressure space,
only the at least one control channel of the functional cover opens into the first actuating pressure space and only the further control channel of the intermediate cover opens into the second actuating pressure space,
a bottom surface of the main bore of the intermediate cover is formed by an end surface of the functional cover,
the intermediate cover does not extend axially below the end surface of the functional cover,
the functional cover does not extend axially above the end surface of the functional cover, and
the first side of the intermediate cover which faces the functional cover includes a standardized connection layout of, at least, a plurality of control connections through which control fluid flows, and the standardized connection layout is the same as a connection layout of a plurality of openings on an outer surface of the housing or valve block against which a second opposite side of the intermediate cover abuts.

US Pat. No. 10,501,056

FASTENING DEVICE FOR A WINDSCREEN WIPING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A windscreen wiping device (100) for a vehicle with a fastening element (50), comprising a wiper blade witha longitudinally extended upper part (10) which is configured to be at least partially bendable,
a longitudinally extended lower part (12) which is configured to be at least partially bendable,
a plurality of connecting elements (18) for connecting the upper part (10) and the lower part (12), wherein the connecting elements (18) are spaced apart from one another along a longitudinal extension (8) of the wiper blade (2), and wherein the connecting elements (18) are designed to enable a movement of the upper part (10) and of the lower part relative to one another with a movement component along the longitudinal extension (8) of the wiper blade (2), and
a fastening device comprising a fastening part (20) on a side of the wiper blade, wherein the fastening part (20) on the side of the wiper blade is configured so that an engagement can be formed by means of a rotation of the fastening part (20) on the side of the wiper blade relative to the fastening element (50) in order to fix a position of the fastening part (20) on the side of the wiper blade relative to the fastening element (50),
wherein the fastening part (20) includes a first, elastic pin (21) extending perpendicular to the longitudinal direction, and a second pin (22) spaced from the first pin (21) and extending perpendicular to the longitudinal direction, wherein the fastening element (50) includes a first, arcuate-shaped recess (31) that receives the first pin (21) during assembly of the fastening part (20) onto the fastening element (50), and wherein the fastening element (50) includes a second, elongated linear recess (35) that receives the second pin (22) during assembly of the fastening part (20) onto the fastening element (50), wherein the arcuate-shaped recess is an elongated bent recess that curves about an axis that is spaced from the arcuate-shaped recess, wherein the first pin (21) is configured to travel along an arcuate pathway along the arcuate-shaped recess (31) during the engagement, and is configured to be elastically deformed as it travels along the arcuate-shaped recess (31).

US Pat. No. 10,494,023

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING PARALLEL PARKING MANEUVERS WITH SINGLE SIDE BRAKING

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of performing a parallel parking maneuver of a host vehicle between a first object and a second object, the method comprising:detecting a parking mode;
determining a parking space size upon detecting the parking mode;
selecting a left rear wheel of the host vehicle or a right rear wheel of the host vehicle;
applying a first braking force to the selected rear wheel of the host vehicle when the parking space size is less than a size threshold, the first braking force sufficient to lock-up the selected rear wheel of the host vehicle; and
applying a second braking force to the selected rear wheel of the host vehicle when the parking space size is greater than or equal to the size threshold, the second braking force is less than the first braking force,
wherein detecting the parking mode includes receiving a signal from a driver selected button.

US Pat. No. 10,488,856

METHOD FOR MONITORING AN ENVIRONMENT OF A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for monitoring an environment of a vehicle, the method comprising: detecting, by a detection device that is external to the vehicle, an irradiated region generated at least partially by a radiation device of the vehicle in a defined environment of the vehicle; and responsive to a detection, in the detecting step, of an at least partial shadowing of the irradiated region, controlling the vehicle by a control device that is external to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,491,022

SECONDARY BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of managing a battery system, the battery system including at least one battery cell, at least one sensor configured to measure at least one characteristic of the battery cell, and a battery management system including a microprocessor and a memory, the method comprisingreceiving, by the battery management system, at least one measured characteristic of the at least one battery cell from the at least one sensor;
estimating, by the battery management system, at least one state of the at least one battery cell at a first time by applying an electrochemical-based battery model that accounts for physical parameters of a chemical composition of the at least one battery cell;
estimating, by the battery management system, at least one physical parameter of the at least one battery cell based on the at least one measured characteristic and the estimation of the at least one state;
estimating, by the battery management system, the at least one state of the at least one battery cell at a second time, subsequent to the first time, by applying the electrochemical-based battery model based on the estimated at least one parameter; and
regulating by the battery management system, at least one of charging or discharging of the at least one battery cell based on the estimation of the at least one state of the at least one battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,486,713

DYNAMIC STUCK SWITCH MONITORING

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A system for monitoring a switch included in a vehicle, the system comprising:a controller configured to:
obtain at least one current driving condition,
dynamically generate at least one parameter for detecting a predetermined state of the switch based on the at least one current driving condition,
receive a signal from the switch,
compare the signal to the at least one parameter, and
determine a state of the switch when the signal satisfies the at least one parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,479,616

TRANSPORT DEVICE FOR TRANSPORTING AT LEAST ONE PRODUCT, IN PARTICULAR FOR FORMING ROWS AND/OR GROUPS OF PRODUCTS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A transport device for transporting product (12a; 12b), the transport device comprisingat least one guide unit (14a; 14b),
at least one conveyor unit (16a; 16b), which has at least one continuous conveyor unit (18a; 18b) mounted movably relative to the guide unit (14a; 14b), the at least one continuous conveyor unit (18a, 18b) configured to transport the products along a main transport direction (50a, 50b) and including at least one movably mounted conveyor element (20a; 20b) and at least one further movably mounted conveyor element (22a; 22b), wherein the conveyor elements are connected to each other to form the continuous conveyor unit (18a; 18b) and are at least jointly movable relative to the guide unit (14a; 14b),
at least one conveyor drive unit (24a; 24b) for driving the continuous conveyor unit (18a; 18b) relative to the guide unit (14a; 14b), and
at least one individual drive unit (26a; 26b) which is provided at least to individually drive at least the at least one conveyor element (20a; 20b) and/or the at least one further conveyor element (22a; 22b), wherein the individual drive unit (26a, 26b) includes at least one actuator (78a, 78b, 48a, 48b) for driving the at least one conveyor element (20a, 20b) and/or the at least one further conveyor element (22a, 22b) so as to adjust a spacing between the products along the main transport direction (50a, 50b), wherein the at least one conveyor element (20a, 20b) and/or the at least one further conveyor element (22a, 22b) each extend along an axis that is perpendicular to the main transport direction (50a, 50b) of the continuous conveyor unit (18a, 18b).

US Pat. No. 10,481,239

INDOOR ROOM-LOCALIZATION SYSTEM AND METHOD THEROF

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An indoor room localization system comprising:a memory including training data and response data;
a processor coupled to the memory, the processor for carrying or having computer-executable instructions to collect WiFi RSSI data corresponding to various sites, the instructions causing a machine to:
classify the collected WiFi RSSI data into an array of RSSI patterns;
transmit the classified RSSI patterns to the memory for storing into training data;
transmit response data identifying classifications of the collected WiFi RSSI data to the memory for storage;
generate observation vectors from the response data identifying classifications of the collected WiFi RSSI data; and
update categorical distribution parameters using the generated observation vectors to specify a probability that the machine is within a predetermined region; and
wherein a dirichlet distribution is used to classify the collected WiFi RSSI data into an array of RSSI patterns and a mode of the dirichlet distribution is used to specify the probability that the machine is within the predetermined region.

US Pat. No. 10,479,579

PACKAGING SYSTEM AND MANUFACTURING THEREOF

Robert Bosch Tool Corpora...

1. A method of packaging a product comprising:heating a first film of plastic material to a forming temperature at a thermoforming station until it is thermoformable;
positioning a plurality of products to be packaged in the thermoforming station along with the heated first film;
moving at least one of the heated first film and the plurality of products to be packaged in relation to each other until the plurality of products deforms the heated first film and forms a plurality of pockets in the heated first film, each of the pockets at least partially encapsulating at least one of the products in the plurality;
forming flange portions in the heated first film around each of the pockets;
curing the deformed first film with the plurality of products at least partially encapsulated in the pockets in the first film;
attaching security tags to a first side of a packaging panel;
covering the security tags with a second plastic film, the second film being placed over each of the security tags and attached to the first side of the packaging panel around each of the security tags;
securing the flange portions of the first film to a second side of the packaging panel; and
singulating the cured first film and the packaging panel to form a plurality of packaging assemblies, each of the packaging assemblies including a portion of the first film and a portion of the packaging panel, the portion of the first film having a pocket in which at least one of the products is retained and a flange which surrounds the pocket, the flange being secured to the portion of the packaging panel, the portion of the packaging panel of each of the packaging assemblies including one of the security tags covered by the second film.
US Pat. No. 10,472,430

POLYACRYLONITRILE-SULPHUR COMPOSITE HAVING INCREASED CAPACITY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

12. A cathode material for a lithium-sulfur cell, comprising:a polyacrylonitrile-sulfur composite material (a) including a cyclized polyacrylonitrile, sulfur, and at least one cross-linking agent formed by a reaction between the polyacrylonitrile, the sulfur, and the at least one cross-linking agent, wherein the at least one cross-linking agent, prior to the reaction, includes a functional group selected from an ethylenically unsaturated functional group, an epoxy group, and a thiirane group.

US Pat. No. 10,464,540

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING BRAKE BOOSTERS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of manufacturing a series of vehicle brake boosters, each having a brake input member configured to receive a braking input force, a brake output member configured to supply a braking output force in excess of the braking input force, an elastic reaction disc, and a plunger plate, the method comprising:load testing a plurality of the reaction discs for the series of vehicle brake boosters, and sorting the load-tested reaction discs into multiple, separate batches based on the load test results;
forming a first batch of the plunger plates for the series of vehicle brake boosters to an axial length to correspond with a first one of the separate batches of reaction discs;
assembling a first batch of the series of vehicle brake boosters with the first one of the separate batches of the reaction discs and the first batch of plunger plates to achieve a target jump-in force;
forming a second batch of the plunger plates for the series of vehicle brake boosters to an axial length to correspond with a second one of the separate batches of reaction discs; and
assembling a second batch of the series of vehicle brake boosters with the second one of the separate batches of reaction discs and the second batch of plunger plates to achieve the target jump-in force.

US Pat. No. 10,465,668

AXIAL PISTON MACHINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An axial piston machine for at least one of a pump and a motor operation, comprising:a housing defining a housing interior;
a connection plate connected to the housing;
a piston drum arranged on a rotatable drive shaft in the housing interior and defining at least one cylinder bore; and
a working piston arranged in a longitudinally displaceable manner in the cylinder bore,
wherein the cylinder bore delimits a cylinder space having a changeable volume,
wherein the cylinder space is configured to be connected to at least one pre-compression space via at least one hydraulic connection,
wherein the at least one pre-compression space is defined by a cavity within the connection plate and the cavity is defined by the connection plate and a closing structure, and wherein the closing structure is arranged between the connection plate and the housing interior, and
wherein, during rotation of the piston drum, the cylinder space is hydraulically connected to the pre-compression space prior to being hydraulically connected to a high-pressure connection.

US Pat. No. 10,466,197

COMPONENT PART HAVING A MECS COMPONENT ON A MOUNTING CARRIER

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A component, comprising:a micro-electrochemical sensor (MECS) component having a diaphragm which is developed in a layer construction on a substrate of the component and spans an opening in the substrate rear side, wherein the MECS component includes a material sensitive to a chemical in measuring medium; and
a carrier for mounting and electrical contacting of the MECS component on an application circuit board, the MECS component being bonded to the carrier via flip chip technology so that a hermetically tight-mechanical connection between a top surface of the MECS component and a surface of the carrier exists at least in one connection region, and an electrical connection between the MECS component and the carrier exists in at least one contact area, wherein the hermetically tight mechanical connection includes:
a first hermetically tight connection that circumferentially surrounds the diaphragm, and
a second hermetically tight connection that circumferentially surrounds an outer edge region of the MECS component.

US Pat. No. 10,456,945

TOOL FOR MANUALLY OPERATING OSCILLATING MOTORIZED TOOL ACCESSORY

Robert Bosch Tool Corpora...

1. A tool system, comprising:an accessory tool including a working end and a mounting end extending from the working end, the mounting end defining a plurality of openings arranged in a desired configuration;
an oscillating power tool including a first tool holder having a first mounting structure including a first plurality of protrusions arranged in the desired configuration and configured to be received by the plurality of openings to connect the mounting end of the accessory tool to the oscillating power tool; and
a handheld tool assembly including a second tool holder having a second mounting structure including a second plurality of protrusions arranged in the desired configuration and configured to be received by the plurality of openings to connect the mounting end of the accessory tool to the handheld tool assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,457,237

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING AN ACTIVATION VOLTAGE FOR A SAFETY UNIT FOR A VEHICLE, AND SAFETY DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A device for providing an activation voltage for a safety unit for a vehicle, the activation voltage being a limited, switchable (high/low-impedance) trigger high-side supply voltage, the device comprising:a supply terminal for applying a first supply voltage potential;
an activation terminal in the form of an output for outputting the activation voltage;
a control terminal for reading in a control signal;
a ground terminal for a second supply potential;
a pass-through switch with a control input, the pass-through switch being connected between the supply terminal and the activation terminal and designed for providing a conductive, low-impedance, connection between the supply terminal and the activation terminal when a first signal level is present at the control input, and for blocking the conductive connection between the supply terminal and the activation terminal when a second signal level is present at the control input;
a first control switch with a first terminal, a second terminal, and a control input, the first terminal being connected to the control input of the pass-through switch, the second terminal being connected to the activation terminal, and the control input being connected to the control input of the pass-through switch via a first resistor;
a second control switch with a first terminal, a second terminal and a control input, the first terminal being connected to the control input of the first control switch via at least one second resistor, the second terminal being connected to a second supply voltage potential, and the control input being connected to the supply terminal via at least one third resistor, and to the second supply voltage potential via a diode; and
a third control switch with a first terminal, a second terminal and a control input, the first terminal being connected to the control input of the second control switch, the second terminal being connected to the second supply voltage potential, and the control input being connected to the control terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,459,066

SELF-ADAPTIVE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ROBUST WI-FI INDOOR LOCALIZATION IN LARGE PUBLIC SITE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A self-adaptive device comprising:a non-transitory computer-readable medium configured to store (i) program instructions corresponding to a plurality of support vector machines, and (ii) probability distribution parameters corresponding particular regions in an environment, the plurality of support vector machines being configured to use the probability distribution parameters to predict a region of a respective mobile device in the environment based on corresponding signal strength data from the respective mobile device;
a communication interface configured to communicate with a first mobile device in the environment; and
a processor operably connected to the non-transitory computer-readable medium and the communication interface, the processor configured to:
receive, with the communication interface, first signal strength data from the first mobile device in the environment;
determine which particular region in the environment within which the first mobile device is located based on the first signal strength data, using the plurality of support vector machines and the probability distribution parameters; and
transmit, with the communication interface, to the first mobile device, a region label corresponding to the determined particular region in the environment within which the first mobile device is located.

US Pat. No. 10,447,473

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR GENERATING A CRYPTOGRAPHIC KEY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for generating a cryptographic key, comprising:transmitting, by a first node, a first signal on a first channel to a relay;
transmitting, by a second node, a second signal on a second channel to the relay;
receiving, by the first node, a third signal from the relay on the first channel and a fourth signal derived at least from the first signal and from the second signal;
receiving, by the second node, the third signal and the fourth signal from the relay on the second channel;
determining, by the first node, the key based on the third signal and on the fourth signal; and
determining, by the second node, the key based on the third signal and on the fourth signal.

US Pat. No. 10,439,240

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MINIMIZING TRANSPORT RELATED PERFORMANCE LOSSES IN A FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A flow battery system comprising:at least one cell;
a first tank including a liquid electrolyte;
a pump operably connected to the first tank and to the at least one cell;
a second electrolyte tank operably connected to the at least one cell;
a memory including program instructions stored therein;
at least one sensor configured to detect carbon dioxide generated in the at least one cell, the at least one sensor further configured to generate at least one signal associated with the detected carbon dioxide; and
a controller operably connected to the at least one sensor, the pump, and the memory and configured to execute the program instructions to:
determine a dead zone condition exists based upon the at least one signal, and
control the pump to pulse flow of the liquid electrolyte to the at least one cell based upon the determination.

US Pat. No. 10,427,649

SAFETY COUPLING FOR FIN RAY WIPER

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A windscreen wiper device for a vehicle, comprising a fastening element (50) fixed on a drive shaft (130), and a wiper blade (2) withan elongated upper part (10), which is configured at least partially flexibly,
an elongated lower part (12), which is configured at least partially flexibly,
a plurality of connecting elements (18) for connecting the upper part (10) and the lower part (12), wherein the connecting elements (18) are spaced apart from one another along a longitudinal extension (8) of the wiper blade (2), and wherein the connecting elements (18) are configured in order to enable a movement of the upper part (10) and the lower part relative to one another with a component of movement along a longitudinal extension (8) of the wiper blade (2),
a fastening part (30) on a wiper blade side, and
a coupling device, wherein the fastening part (30) on the wiper blade side and the fastening element (50) are connectable to one another via the coupling device for conjoint rotation until a defined torque value is exceeded, wherein the fastening part (30) and the fastening element (50) are completely released from one another when the defined torque value has been exceeded, wherein the coupling device includes a coupling element (21) and a guide element (210) configured to bear against the coupling element (21) when the defined torque value has not been exceeded, wherein the coupling element (21) is movably mounted on the fastening element (50) and is configured to extend through an opening of the guide element (210) when the defined torque value has not been exceeded, wherein the guide element (210) and the coupling element (21) are arranged such that when the guide element (210) is torqued past the defined torque value relative to the coupling element (21) about an axis that is perpendicular to the longitudinal extension (8) and also perpendicular to a drive axis of the drive shaft (130), the coupling element (21) moves with respect to the fastening element (50) and slips out of the opening of the guide element (210).

US Pat. No. 10,427,937

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MULTILAYER MEMS COMPONENT, AND CORRESPONDING MULTILAYER MEMS COMPONENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for manufacturing a multi-layer MEMS component, the method comprising:providing a multi-layer substrate that includes a monocrystalline carrier layer, a monocrystalline functional layer with a front side and a back side, and a bonding layer located between the back side and the carrier layer;
growing a first polycrystalline layer over the front side of the monocrystalline functional layer;
removing the monocrystalline carrier layer; and
growing a second polycrystalline layer over the back side of the monocrystalline functional layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,788

HOLDING-DOWN MEANS FOR FIXING BATTERY CELLS IN A BATTERY SUBMODULE, AND BATTERY SUBMODULE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A holding-down apparatus (100) for fixing battery cells (2) in a battery submodule (70), comprising:positioning elements (110) for positioning the holding-down apparatus (100) relative to the battery cells (2),
guide elements (120) for guiding cell connectors (80) which connect the battery cells (2),
gas-venting openings (130) which pass through from a top side (104) to a bottom side (106) in a central region (102) of the holding-down apparatus (100), and
sealing elements (132) positioned on the bottom side of the holding-down apparatus, each sealing element being a ring surrounding a respective gas-venting opening (130).

US Pat. No. 10,423,653

TEMPLATE PROCESSING SYSTEM FOR DIGITAL FABRICATION

Robert Bosch Tool Corpora...

1. A computing system comprising:a processor system including at least one processing unit, the processor system being configured to (a) receive image data of a template platform associated with fabricating a product, the image data including a barcode and customized data; (b) obtain barcode data associated with the barcode, (c) extract customized data from the image data based on the barcode data, the customized data including shape data corresponding to a structural attribute of the product, (d) obtain template data of the product based on the barcode data, the template data including product design data, (e) generate fabrication data for a digital fabrication system to create the product in accordance with at least the customized data and the product design data, and (f) transmit the fabrication data to at least one fabrication tool of the digital fabrication system to create the product.

US Pat. No. 10,423,164

OBJECT POSITION MEASUREMENT WITH AUTOMOTIVE CAMERA USING VEHICLE MOTION DATA

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of locating a position of an object with an omnidirectional camera affixed to a vehicle, the method comprising:receiving movement data of the vehicle from vehicle sensors indicative of a change of position of the vehicle;
receiving a plurality of omnidirectional image frames of one or more stationary objects with an omnidirectional camera;
identifying an object of interest from the one or more stationary objects in the omnidirectional image frames,
tracking the object of interest in the omnidirectional image frames, with an electronic control unit, while the vehicle is moving;
determining a change in position of the object of interest in the omnidirectional image frames as the vehicle is moving; and
determining a distance to the object of interest relative to the vehicle based on the change of position of the vehicle and the change in position of the object of interest in the omnidirectional image frames.

US Pat. No. 10,416,299

MIMO RADAR MEASUREMENT SENSOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for localizing a radar target with an angularly resolving MIMO FMCW radar sensor, the method comprising:transmitting, by the radar sensor, a frequency modulated signal in ramp-shaped fashion, the frequency modulated signal exhibiting a modulation pattern that encompasses several sequences of ramps, ramps of the sequences following one another within the respective sequence in time-offset fashion at a time interval, at least two of the sequences being associated with different transmission switching states, the different transmission switching states differing from one another in terms of a selection of antenna elements of the radar sensor used for transmission, the at least two of the sequences being temporally interleaved with one another, a switchover between different ones of the transmission switching states occurring between successive ramps that are associated with the different ones of the transmission switching states, at least one of the transmission switching states respectively having associated with it at least two of the sequences that are temporally interleaved with one another and exhibit with respect to one another, with reference to a first sequence of the at least two sequences, a time offset associated with a respective further sequence of the at least two sequences;
mixing down received signals with the transmitted frequency modulated signal to form baseband signals;
from the baseband signals, at least for the at least one transmission switching state with which the at least two sequences are associated, calculating a two-dimensional spectrum separately for each of the at least two sequences by two-dimensional Fourier transformation, transformation occurring in a first dimension ramp for ramp and transformation occurring in a second dimension over a ramp index that counts the ramps within the sequence;
based on a position of a peak in at least one of the two-dimensional spectrums of the baseband signals, determining values for a relative velocity of a radar target which are periodic with a predetermined velocity period;
checking phase relationships of spectral values that are obtained respectively at the same position and respectively for the same transmission switching state in the separately calculated two-dimensional spectrums for agreement with phase relationships expected for several of the periodic values of the relative velocity in the context of the respective transmission switching state; and
based on the result of the checking, selecting an estimated value for the relative velocity of the radar target from the determined periodic values of the relative velocity.

US Pat. No. 10,406,714

POWER-TOOL CUTTING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A power tool system, comprising:at least one power-tool parting device configured without a torque transmission element, the power-tool parting device including:
at least one cutting strand,
at least one guide unit onto which the cutting strand is guided, the guide unit together with the cutting strand constitutes a closed system, and
at least one pretensioning unit disposed on the guide unit, the pretensioning unit configured to automatically compensate for one or more of play and tolerance of the cutting strand at least when the guide unit is in a state in which the guide unit is demounted from a coupling device of a portable power tool; and
at least one portable power tool that includes at least one coupling device configured to couple to the power-tool parting device in one or more of a form-fitting manner and a force-fitting manner,
wherein the pretensioning unit has at least one cutting-strand holding element that has at least one insertion functional face configured to effect at least one force component contrary to a pretensioning force of a pretensioning element of the pretensioning unit at least while the power-tool parting device is disposed on the coupling device.

US Pat. No. 10,404,718

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING SOFTWARE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for transmitting software to a remote device, comprising:generating, by a checker, a first random number and a second random number;
calculating, by the checker, a cryptographic key based on the second random number using an emulation function which emulates a physical unclonable function (PUF) of the device;
encrypting, by the checker, the software into a cryptogram using the key;
transmitting to the device by the checker the cryptogram;
transmitting to the device by the checker the first random number;
receiving from the device by the checker a checksum;
calculating, by the checker, a reference value based on the first random number and the cryptogram, using the emulation function and a predefined cryptographic hash function;
checking, by the checker, the checksum based on the reference value; and
transmitting, by the checker, the second random number to the device only when the checking is successful.

US Pat. No. 10,400,881

GEAR CASE WITH MOUNTING ARM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A gear housing for at least a gear assembly, the gear housing comprising:a first receptacle to house a worm wheel of the gear assembly;
a second receptacle to house an output gear of the gear assembly;
an elongated receptacle to house a first portion of a shaft of a drive assembly, the elongated receptacle extending at least partly alongside the first receptacle and the second receptacle;
a connecting portion that is connectable to another housing that houses a second portion of the shaft of the drive assembly;
a plurality of fastening components including a first fastening component, a second fastening component, and a third fastening component;
a mounting arm mountable to a mounting surface, the mounting arm extending outward from the first receptacle, the mounting arm being disposed between the first fastening component and the second fastening component, the first fastening component and the second fastening component being circumferentially adjacent fastening components along a periphery of the first receptacle,
wherein:
the first fastening component is disposed at a juncture between the first receptacle and the second receptacle;
the second fastening component overlaps a part of the elongated receptacles;
the third fastening component is circumferentially adjacent to the second fastening component and disposed at another juncture between the first receptacle and the second receptacle; and
the third fastening component overlaps a part of the elongated receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,568

POWER TOOL SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A machine-tool system comprising:at least one machine tool including at least one workpiece-bearing unit configured to support a workpiece during machining, and a drive unit operably coupled to at least one movably mounted tool-guide unit, the tool-guide unit having a transmission unit arranged at least partially within a tool-guide rod of the tool-guide unit, the tool-guide rod slidably received within a tool-guide bearing block, the movably mounted tool-guide unit pivotably attached to the at least one workpiece-bearing unit and pivotable about a pivot axis which is perpendicular to a bearing surface of the at least one workpiece-bearing unit; and
at least one machine-tool severing device removably arranged on the tool-guide unit, wherein the machine-tool severing device includes at least one cutting strand and at least one guide unit configured to guide the at least one cutting strand, the cutting strand having an internal circumference smaller than an external circumference of the at least one guide unit, such that the at least one cutting strand is retained on the at least one guide unit when the machine-tool severing device is removed from the tool-guide unit, wherein the at least one machine-tool severing device, in at least one operating state, is mounted such that the at least one machine-tool severing device is displaceably guided by the tool-guide unit at least essentially parallel to a bearing surface of the at least one workpiece-bearing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,393,199

PRESSURE GENERATOR FOR A HYDRAULIC VEHICLE BRAKING SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A pressure generator for a hydraulic braking system, comprising:a helical gear, which has a rotatable, axially fixed component having a thread, and an axially movable, non-rotatable component having a counter-thread, the counter-thread of which engages the thread of the rotatable component, so that a rotary drive of the rotatable component moves the axially movable component in an axial direction, having a planetary gear for a rotary drive of the rotatable component of the helical gear; and
a piston-cylinder unit including a cylinder, and a piston which is movable in the cylinder, one of the piston or the cylinder being connected to the axially movable component of the helical gear, so that a rotary drive of the rotatable component of the helical gear moves the piston of the piston-cylinder unit in relation to the cylinder via the axially movable component of the helical gear, and that the rotatable component of the helical gear forms a planetary carrier of the planetary gear;
wherein the cylinder is in a hydraulic block of the hydraulic braking system.

US Pat. No. 10,389,151

METHOD FOR FAST CHARGING LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for charging a battery, the method comprising:measuring a battery voltage of the battery with a voltage sensor and a battery current of the battery with a current sensor;
applying, with a charging circuit, a first charging current to the battery until the measured battery voltage exceeds a predetermined voltage threshold, a magnitude of the first charging current being held at a first constant value;
applying, with the charging circuit, in response to the measured battery voltage exceeding the predetermined voltage threshold, a second charging current to the battery until a cutoff criterion is satisfied, a magnitude of the second charging current being such that the measured battery voltage exceeds a steady state voltage limit for the battery;
determining an impedance of the battery;
after the cutoff criterion is satisfied, determining a rest voltage of the battery; and
updating the cutoff criterion based on (i) a difference between the determined rest voltage of the battery and a target rest voltage of the battery and (ii) a difference between the impedance of the battery determined in a current charge cycle and an impedance of the battery determined in a previous charge cycle of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,379,204

METHOD FOR CALIBRATING A MIMO RADAR SENSOR FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for calibrating an antenna diagram of a multiple input, multiple output (MIMO) radar sensor having Ntx transmitting antenna elements and Nrx receiving antenna elements, comprising:before commissioning of the radar sensor:
storing an antenna diagram that associates with each of a plurality of several angles ? a respective control vector a(?) that is made up of a transmitting control vector atx(?) and a receiving control vector arx(?);
after commissioning:
performing a radar measurement to localize an object;
checking whether the localized object is a single target or a multiple target;
if the localized object is a single target:
performing a single input, multiple output (SIMO) measurement with each of the transmitting antenna elements;
estimating the angle ? of the object based on the measurement results;
calculating a first comparison variable, dependent on the components of the transmitting control vector atx(?), for each transmitting antenna element;
calculating a second comparison variable, dependent on the results of the SIMO measurements, for each transmitting antenna element; and
correcting the transmitting control vector atx(?) on the basis of a known relationship between the first and second comparison variables for each transmitting antenna element.

US Pat. No. 10,380,790

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR GENERATING PROCEDURAL WINDOW LIGHTING EFFECTS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of rendering a three-dimensional building with window effects, the method comprising:reading, with a processor, a building facade texture for the three-dimensional building from a memory that is operably connected to the processor, the building facade texture including a window transparency cutout layer that marks window areas of the building facade texture as transparent;
identifying, with the processor, floor boundaries within the building facade texture based on window areas of the building facade texture, the identified floor boundaries being unique two-dimensional texture-space coordinate ranges within the building facade texture that correspond to individual floors within the three-dimensional building;
generating, with the processor, a window lighting layer for the building facade texture using the identified floor boundaries, the generating of the window lighting layer further comprising:
identifying portions of each of the individual floors to be lit by comparing a first pseudo-random function with a threshold value, the first pseudo-random function being evaluated for each pixel along a horizontal axis of each of the individual floors, a pixel along the horizontal axis being lit if the first pseudo-random function is greater than the threshold value and unlit if the first pseudo-random function is less than the threshold value; and
generating the window lighting layer with lit areas corresponding to the identified portions of each of the individual floors to be lit;
generating, with the processor, a modified building facade texture having window effects by combining the window lighting layer with the building facade texture using the window transparency cutout layer, the modified building facade texture being configured such that the window lighting layer can be seen only through the window areas of the building facade texture; and
rendering, with the processor, images of the three-dimensional building using the modified building facade texture.

US Pat. No. 10,381,856

INDUCTIVE CHARGING HOLSTER FOR POWER TOOL

Robert Bosch Tool Corpora...

15. A wireless charging system, comprising:a tool holder that includes:
a first mounting interface; and
a holding portion that extends from an end region of the first mounting interface, and that includes a soft insert structure;
a docking frame removably mountable in the first mounting interface, the docking frame including:
a second base surface; and
a second mounting interface; and
a charging module that defines a charging surface, that is removably mountable in the second mounting interface, and that includes an inductive charging device that defines a wireless charging tolerance zone;
a power tool that includes a wirelessly rechargeable battery, and that is disposable on the charging surface of the charging module such that the holding portion at least partially transversely supports the power tool relative to the first mounting interface,
the soft insert structure defining a cavity sized for an interference fit with at least a portion of the power tool, and applying a load to the power tool in a direction toward the charging surface such that the power tool is at least partially compressed between the holding portion and the charging surface and urged toward a location such that the battery is within the wireless charging tolerance zone, and
the induction charging device configured to wirelessly charge the battery;
a further power tool having a geometry that is different from the geometry of the power tool; and
a further soft insert structure that defines a further cavity sized for an interference fit with the further power tool, and that is configured to replace the soft insert structure to enable the tool holder to receive the further power tool with an interference fit.

US Pat. No. 10,365,354

MULTI-TARGET LASER DISTANCE METER

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A laser distance meter comprising:a laser light source configured to emit a temporally modulated laser light toward target objects;
a light detector configured to detect a reflected laser light reflected by the target objects, wherein the light detector is designed to directly synchronously sample the reflected laser light modulated with frequencies in the range of 10 MHz to 5 GHz; and
an electronic control and analyzing unit configured to control the laser light source and analyze signals of the light detector, wherein the electronic control and analyzing unit is configured to:
drive the laser light source in order to emit the temporally modulated laser light successively at a multiplicity of at least 20 discretely different modulation frequencies;
detect the reflected laser light reflected by target objects by directly synchronously sampling a reception signal over a measurement time duration and generating a detection signal for each of the modulation frequencies;
perform an inverse Fourier transformation of the detection signal in order to generate a propagation time spectrum;
evaluate the propagation time spectrum in order to ascertain at least one distance between the laser distance meter and at least one of the target objects; and
evaluate the propagation time spectrum with regard to phase values in order to carry out refined distance determination and to determine a zero crossing of the phase values.

US Pat. No. 10,367,185

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A rechargeable battery, comprising:an electrode assembly, the electrode assembly including a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator;
a first terminal electrically connected to the first electrode plate;
a second terminal electrically connected to the second electrode plate;
a case accommodating the electrode assembly and portions of the first terminal and second terminal;
a cap assembly sealing the case, the cap assembly being electrically connected to the first terminal, the first terminal including:
a first collector plate electrically connected to the first electrode plate and having a region adjacent to the cap assembly, and
a first electrode terminal on the cap assembly and electrically connected to the cap assembly; and
dish-shaped first and second connection plates on the first terminal and the second terminal, respectively, the first and second connection plates being invertable and breakable in response to a predetermined pressure respectively applied to the first and second connection plates,
wherein:
the first electrode terminal includes a first terminal hole passing therethrough from a top surface to a bottom surface of the first electrode terminal such that the first electrode terminal has a ring-shaped horizontal section,
a gas vent formed by the first connection plate and the first terminal hole passage is opened when the connection plate is in a broken state,
the first terminal further includes a first elastic supporting member at least partially within a concavity of the first connection plate such that the first elastic supporting member is between a top portion of a central bulge of the first connection plate and the first electrode terminal,
the first connection plate is between a portion of the cap assembly and the region of the first collector plate adjacent to the cap assembly and electrically connects the cap assembly to the first collector plate, and
the first connection plate has a downwardly convex dish shape in which the central bulge thereof is electrically connected to the first collector plate and an edge portion thereof is electrically connected to the cap assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,356,067

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING USER-CONFIGURED TRUST DOMAINS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of operating a first device in a group of devices in a network, the method comprising:encrypting and decrypting, with a processor of the first device, communications with other devices in the group of devices using a shared key that is stored in a memory of each device in the group of devices;
receiving, with a transceiver of the first device, a first message from a second device in the group of devices, the first message indicating that the first device is authorized to share the shared key;
transmitting, with the first device, the shared key to a third device in the network that is not in the first group of devices only after receiving the first message indicating that the first device is authorized to share the shared key, the transmission of the shared key to the third device further comprising:
generating a marking with the processor of the first device, the marking being a machine-readable optical representation of (i) the shared key and (ii) a first list of services that are provided by devices in the group of devices and are accessible with the shared key; and
displaying the marking on a display of the first device;
receiving, with the transceiver of the first device, a second message from the third device, the second message including a second list of services that are provided by the third device and are accessible with the shared key;
displaying a graphical user interface on the display of the first device configured to prompt a selection of at least one service from the second list of services to be made accessible with the shared key; and
receiving inputs indicating the selection of at least one service from the second list of services.

US Pat. No. 10,336,274

CONTROL UNIT FOR A RESTRAINT SYSTEM IN A VEHICLE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A device comprising:a control unit; and
an interface connectable, via a go-line and a return line that are external to the device, to a squib of an external ignition circuit for activating a restraint system of a vehicle;
wherein the control unit is configured to:
cyclically perform the following:
perform a measurement to ascertain an instantaneous ohmic loop resistance of the ignition circuit;
determine an instantaneous temperature in an interior of the vehicle close to the time of the measurement;
based on the determined instantaneous temperature of the interior of the vehicle, carry out a temperature compensation of the ascertained instantaneous ohmic loop resistance for the go-line and the return line of the ignition circuit based on which a modified value of the instantaneous ohmic loop resistance is obtained; and
compare the modified value of the instantaneous ohmic loop resistance to at least one stored threshold value; and
control the squib based on a result of the comparisons.

US Pat. No. 10,338,587

CONTROLLING A MOTOR VEHICLE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for controlling a third motor vehicle, comprising:scanning, by a first motor vehicle, surroundings of the first motor vehicle and determining a traffic situation on the basis of the scanned information;
transmitting the determined traffic situation from the first motor vehicle to a central office;
scanning, by a second motor vehicle, surroundings of the second motor vehicle and determining a traffic situation on the basis of the scanned information, the surroundings of the first motor vehicle overlapping with the surroundings of the second motor vehicle;
transmitting the determined traffic situation from the second motor vehicle to a central office;
determining, by the central office, a traffic situation in the area of the first motor vehicle and the second motor vehicle on the basis of the transmitted information;
transmitting the determined traffic situations for the surroundings of the first and second motor vehicles to the third motor vehicle to enable consideration of the traffic situations thus determined; and
at the third motor vehicle, activating an automatic steering unit to physically control a movement of the third motor vehicle on the basis of the determined traffic information determined for the surroundings of the first and second motor vehicles, wherein the third motor vehicle is incapable of transmitting any communication to the first motor vehicle and to the second motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,331,088

MACHINE TOOL DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A power tool device, comprising:a drive unit sensor unit configured to record at least one characteristic variable of a drive unit in a power tool;
an ambient sensor unit configured to record a noise emission of the power tool and a dust emission of the power tool; and
a control unit connected to the drive unit, the drive unit sensor unit, and the ambient sensor, the control unit being configured to:
perform one of (i) open loop and (ii) closed loop control of the drive unit based on the at least one characteristic variable;
identify whether the noise emission of the power tool device exceeds a noise emission limit value;
identify whether the dust emission of the power tool falls below a dust emission limit value;
reduce a rotational speed of the drive unit in response to the noise emission of the power tool device exceeding the noise emission limit value; and
reduce a suction power of a dust extractor connected to the power tool in response to the dust emission of the power tool falling below the dust emission limit value.

US Pat. No. 10,320,205

MONITORING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MONITORING THE FUNCTIONAL CAPABILITY OF AN ACCUMULATOR FOR ELECTRICAL ENERGY OF A BATTERY AND DISCHARGE DEVICE, BATTERY SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A monitoring device for monitoring a functional capability of an accumulator for electrical energy of a battery, the accumulator including an electrolytic fluid and two connecting elements which are connected in an electrically conductive fashion to connecting contacts of the battery, the monitoring device comprising:an incorrect-position-detecting device configured to detect an incorrect position of the accumulator, the incorrect position being any position at which the electrolytic fluid could leak from the accumulator or come into contact with electronics arranged in the accumulator, the incorrect-position-detecting device including a memory device configured to store a duration of the incorrect position; and
a signal device configured to make available an incorrect position signal if (i) the duration of the incorrect position is longer than a predetermined minimum duration, or (ii) the duration of the incorrect position is equal to the predetermined minimum duration, andwherein:the monitoring device is included in a discharge device for the battery, the discharge device including the accumulator,
the discharge device defines a discharging current path configured to conduct a discharging current between the two connecting elements
the discharge device includes a discharging switch configured to close the discharging current path, and
the discharge device is configured to change the discharging switch into a closed state as a function of the incorrect position signal.

US Pat. No. 10,312,495

BATTERY MODULE WITH ALARM LINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery module for a battery system, comprising:two terminals configured to be electrically connected to the battery system;
a battery string configured to connect the two terminals to one another, the battery string including a plurality of battery cells connected in series and/or in parallel with the battery string;
a plurality of battery monitoring circuits, each battery monitoring circuit being connected to one battery cell in the plurality of battery cells via an electrical connection, wherein at least one battery monitoring circuit in the plurality of battery monitoring circuits is configured to apply an alarm signal to an alarm line in response to detecting that the one battery cell in the plurality of battery cells is in a critical state; and
a battery module circuit connected to each battery monitoring circuit in the plurality of battery monitoring circuits via the alarm line that is connected to one input of the battery module circuit and to each battery monitoring circuit in the plurality of battery monitoring circuits, the battery module circuit being configured to bridge the battery module via the two terminals upon receiving the alarm signal to disconnect the plurality of battery cells from any load in response to receiving the alarm signal from any battery monitoring circuit in the plurality of battery monitoring circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,312,787

SAFETY SYSTEM FOR AN ASSEMBLY FOR MOVING TRANSPORT BODIES

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A system for moving transport bodies excited by permanent magnets over an inductively excited magnetic field, comprising:a movably supported first reluctance element;
induction coils configured to be flowed through by a current in order to levitate the transport bodies contactlessly and drive the transport bodies in a plane; and
an actuator configured to bring the first reluctance element from a first position into a second position,
wherein a permanent magnetic field of a transport body located over the first reluctance element experiences a smaller magnetic resistance in a magnetic circuit as a result of the first reluctance element in the second position than in the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,300,590

HAND-HELD POWER TOOL WHICH INCLUDES A SHIFTABLE TRANSMISSION

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A hand-held power tool, comprising:a shiftable transmission, which is shiftable at least between a first gear and a second gear via a shifting member;
wherein the shifting member is coupled to a spring element, which for the gear shifting is indirectly or directly actuatable at least via a first and a second shifting element, a coupling element which is coupleable to the spring element being associated with the first shifting element, the coupling element being configured to allow gear shifting by actuating the first shifting element only for the case that the second shifting element is in a predefined gear shift position,
wherein the coupling element includes a control cam which is engaged with a guide cam formed on the first shifting element, so that the coupling element is pivotable about an associated transverse axis with the first shifting element to actuate the spring element.

US Pat. No. 10,294,000

PACKAGING UNIT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A tool system comprising:an insert tool defining a tapered recess that encompasses the insert tool in a circumferential direction; and
a packaging unit including a fastening portion configured to fasten the packaging unit in or on a presentation device, and a receiving portion configured to receive the insert tool, the receiving portion connected in a form-fitting manner to the insert tool, the receiving portion configured to hold the insert tool in a holding state of the packaging unit in which the receiving portion is integral with the fastening portion,
wherein, in a separation state, in which the receiving portion is separated from the fastening portion, the receiving portion remains connected in the form-fitting manner to the insert tool,
wherein the receiving portion is connected to the insert tool in the form-fitting manner at the tapered recess, and
wherein the receiving portion is configured to cover, at least partially, the tapered recess.

US Pat. No. 10,294,095

MICROMECHANICAL SENSOR AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MICROMECHANICAL SENSOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A micromechanical sensor configured to be produced surface-micromechanically, comprising:a third functional layer defining at least one movable mass element that includes:
a first portion that is at least substantially unperforated; and
a second portion that is perforated;
wherein:
the third functional layer is positioned so as to form a first gap located underneath the first portion , and a second gap located underneath the second portion; and
the first gap is about two to about ten times greater than the second gap.

US Pat. No. 10,288,023

PUMP UNIT FOR FEEDING FUEL, PREFERABLY DIESEL FUEL, TO AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A pump unit for feeding fuel to an internal combustion engine; the pump unit comprising:a head defining a cylinder extending along an axis;
a pumping piston extending along the axis and sliding within the cylinder;
a through-hole which extends from the cylinder towards an outside of the pump unit;
an intake chamber communicating with the cylinder via the through-hole;
an intake valve which controls flow of fuel from the intake chamber to the through-hole; and
a cap which is connected to the head, is arranged on an opposite side to the pumping piston and is configured to be selectively fixed along an outer surface of the head so as to close the intake chamber on one side;
the head having an annular wall defined by a cylinder portion, the outer surface being defined by the outer surface of the cylinder portion;
the cap comprising a cover-piece for closing the intake chamber on one side and a ring nut for locking the cover-piece in a given position;
the cover-piece having an annular contact surface in contact with an annular contact surface of the head, the contact surface of the cover-piece and the contact surface of the head being arranged inside the inner surface of the annular wall;
wherein a sealing element is arranged between the cover-piece and the inner surface of the annular wall of the head.

US Pat. No. 10,281,036

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A HYDROSTATIC DRIVE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for controlling a hydrostatic drive, which includes a drive machine operably connected to a hydraulic pump and a hydraulic motor operably connected to the hydraulic pump via a hydraulic working circuit, the method comprising:performing a precontrol operation, which comprises:
based on a specified setpoint target value for at least one controlled variable of a plurality of controlled variables, determining trajectories of all remaining controlled variables of the plurality of controlled variables, the plurality of controlled variables including a pressure in the hydraulic working circuit, a speed of the hydraulic pump, and an output variable of the hydrostatic drive; and
based on the specified setpoint target value for the at least one controlled variable and the determined trajectories all remaining controlled variables, determining dynamic paths for a plurality of manipulated variables, the plurality of manipulated variables being operating variables that achieve the specified setpoint target value for the at least one controlled variable; and
after the precontrol operation, operating the hydrostatic drive based on the determined plurality of manipulated variables.

US Pat. No. 10,281,424

ELECTRODE ARRANGEMENT WITH IMPROVED ELECTRON TRANSFER RATES FOR REDOX OF MOLECULES

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A coated electrode comprising:(a) an electrode;
(b) a coating configured to immobilize biomolecules; and
(c) a coating configured to improve electron transfer rate;
wherein one or both of the following:
(1) the coated electrode further comprises (d) a quinone that the electrode is configured to trigger to regulate or sense a pH level in a region local to the coated electrode; and
(2) the coating configured to immobilize biomolecules comprises poly(ethylene glycol) carboxymethyl succinimidyl ester (PEG-NHS) polymers.

US Pat. No. 10,278,619

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DISTINGUISHING BLINKING EVENTS AND INSTRUMENT GAZES USING AN EYE OPENING WIDTH

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for distinguishing blinking events and instrument gazes using an eye-opening width, the eye-opening width representing an instantaneously detected clearance between eyelids of an eye, the method comprising:receiving, by a control unit including hardware, video data from a video camera, the video data including images of eyes of a driver;
determining, using the control unit, an opening width value based on the received video data, the opening width value representing a value of the eye-opening width;
ascertaining, using the control unit, the opening width value is smaller than a blinking limit value;
ascertaining, using the control unit, a blinking event based on ascertaining the opening width value is smaller than the blinking limit value;
determining, using the control unit, based on the received video data, a duration of the ascertained blinking event and determining the duration of the ascertained blinking event lasted longer than the maximum blinking duration;
determining, using the control unit, an instrument gaze based on determining the duration of the ascertained blinking event lasted longer than the maximum blinking duration; and
outputting, by the determination device, a control signal or a data signal indicating the determined instrument gaze;
wherein the steps of the method are carried out anew when the opening width value is greater than an open limit value following the determination of the instrument gaze.

US Pat. No. 10,274,967

METHOD FOR LOADING A VEHICLE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for loading a vehicle, the method comprising:detecting at least one of: (a) dimensions of the vehicle and/or a transport vehicle; (b) a functional range of at least one driver assistance system of the vehicle; and (c) a range of driving maneuvers the vehicle is able to perform in an autonomous operating mode;
ascertaining a rank in a loading sequence of the vehicle, the rank prescribing a sequence of loading vehicles, the rank being ascertained as a function of at least one of the following parameters: the dimensions of the vehicle, the functional range of at least one driver assistance system of the vehicle, the range of driving maneuvers the vehicle is able to perform in the autonomous operating mode, dimensions of the transport vehicle, dimensions of the transport vehicle with respect to one or more driving routes and/or parking spaces for the vehicles, dimensions of a loading station, and dimensions of the loading station with respect to one or more driving routes and/or parking spaces for the vehicles; and
autonomously driving, by the vehicle, one of: i) from a loading station onto a transport vehicle, or ii) from the transport vehicle to the loading station, the autonomous driving being on the basis of a digital loading station map of the loading station and a digital transport vehicle map of the transport vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,276,929

DEVICE FOR RECEIVING MICROWAVE RADIATION

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A device, comprising:a receiving antenna for microwaves or millimeter waves on a circuit board; and
a radome;
wherein a polarization-rotation structure is provided on the circuit board for avoiding multiple reflections of received signals between the radome and the receiving antenna,
wherein the radome includes a focusing unit for the received signals which are received by the receiving antenna, and
wherein the radome is transparent to electromagnetic radiation and to received electromagnetic radiation that is refracted by the focusing unit and bundled onto the receiving antenna, so that received waves incident as plane waves impinge at a non-perpendicular angle through the radome or through the radome and the focusing unit and are reflected on a surface of the circuit board at a reflection point, and wherein such reflections on the surface of the circuit board generate a reflected beam which has a same angle of reflection as the received waves, and
wherein another radome without a focusing unit and the radome and the focusing unit are provided in the beam path, so that the signal that has already been reflected is reflected again multiple times on each of the surfaces as a result, wherein it is provided to suppress the reflected beams, so that double-reflected beams are suppressed, and wherein suppression occurs at reflection points on the circuit board, which includes polarization-rotating structures, so that reflections of the received waves on the circuit board are reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,270,288

HAND TOOL CASE HOLDING DEVICE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A hand tool case holding device comprising:at least one charging coil; and
a holding device housing that defines a case accommodating area, wherein:
a first outer surface of the holding device housing faces toward the case accommodating area;
in at least one operating state, a second outer surface of the holding device housing faces toward the case accommodating area, wherein the second outer surface is aligned essentially perpendicularly to the first outer surface; and
a pivot device, which supports the charging coil in at least three positions pivotally relative to the first outer surface around a pivot axis,
wherein, during a charging operation and when the at least one charging coil is pivoted perpendicular to the first outer surface, the at least one charging coil is configured to transmit energy into the case accommodating area,
wherein the charging coil is situated on or immediately beneath the second outer surface,
wherein the holding device housing includes a holding device configured to detachably fix a hand tool case in the case accommodating area, the holding device being arranged on or at the first outer surface and including at least one operating element operable by an operator and configured to fix or release a hand tool case in the case accommodating area.

US Pat. No. 10,270,078

CELL CONNECTOR AND BATTERY CELL, BATTERY MODULE, BATTERY, BATTERY SYSTEM, VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A BATTERY MODULE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A cell connector for an electrical or mechanical connection of cell terminals (130n1, 130n2) of battery cells (100n), comprisinga clip element (200k, 200m) for fastening the cell connector to one of the cell terminals (130n1, 130n2), the clip element including a back section, a first limb section (210k1, 210m1) which is formed at a first end of the back section, having a first engagement section (220k1, 220m1), and a second limb section (210k2, 210m2), which is formed at a second end of the back section and is formed so as to be spaced apart from and opposite the first limb section (210k1, 210m1), having a second engagement section (220k2, 220m2), wherein the first limb section (210k1, 210m1) and the second limb section (210k2, 210m2) are asymmetrical,
wherein the clip element (200k, 200m) is configured to at least partially surround the cell terminal (130n1, 130n2),
wherein the first engagement section (220k1, 220m1) and the second engagement section (220k2, 220m2) are configured such that the cell terminal (130n1, 130n2) is clamped between the first engagement section (220k1, 220m1) and the second engagement section (220k2, 220m2),
wherein the back section is configured to be longer than the cell terminal (130n1, 130n2) such that the first engagement section (220k1, 220m1) and the second engagement section (220k2, 220m2) are configured to be brought into engagement with the cell terminal (130n1, 130n2) by displacement of the clip element (200k, 200m),
wherein the first limb section (210k1, 210m1) includes a first portion and a second portion, wherein the first portion is continuous with the back section and extends generally perpendicular to the back section, and wherein the second portion is continuous with the first portion and extends toward the second limb section and toward the back section at an end of the second portion such that the first limb section and the back section are U-shaped, and
wherein the second limb section (210k2, 210m2) includes a third portion and a fourth portion, wherein the third portion is continuous with the back section and extends generally perpendicular to the back section, and wherein the fourth portion is continuous with the third portion and extends toward the first limb section and is generally parallel with the back section at an end of the fourth portion such that the second limb section and the back section are U-shaped.

US Pat. No. 10,267,268

PUMP DEVICE FOR BUILDING UP PRESSURE IN A FUEL TANK

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A pump device for building up pressure in a fuel tank, comprising:a first port configured to connect to an atmosphere;
a second port configured to connect to a fuel tank;
a first valve opening including:
a valve body receptacle;
a valve body movably positioned in the valve body receptacle; and
a first valve seat configured to interact with the valve body;
a connecting line that connects the first port to the second port via the first valve opening; and
an electrical delivery pump configured such that a delivery flow of the delivery pump adjusts the valve body in a direction of the first valve seat.

US Pat. No. 10,270,655

METHOD FOR RUNNING A COMPUTER NETWORK AND COMPUTER NETWORK

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for running a computer network having a number of devices arranged in a daisy-chained loop, the method comprising:running a spanning-tree algorithm on the devices, whereby running a spanning tree algorithm includes handling of state machines;
wherein each device comprises a bridge, the bridge having at least three ports;
whereby during running the network each device can take different states to avoid a loop in the network;
whereby logical port states of the ports are defined by the state machines;
whereby for at least one device at least once before a reboot of the device a momentary state of a state machine is stored; and
restoring the state of the device to the momentary state at reboot in response to determining that the stored state is still valid.

US Pat. No. 10,260,647

VALVE WITH A CONTROL SPACE VENTED VIA A SEALING GROOVE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A valve, comprising:a basic body including:
a counter-sealing surface;
a tank channel; and
a connecting channel that opens out into the tank channel;
a control spool received in the basic body so as to be movable in a direction of a longitudinal axis, and including at least one end face facing in the direction of the longitudinal axis;
a control cover that, together with the at least one end face of the control spool, at least partially delimits a control space;
the control cover including a sealing surface in abutment with the counter-sealing surface of the basic body; and
at least one of the sealing surface of the control cover and the counter-sealing surface of the basic body including a sealing groove surrounding the control space in ring-like fashion; and
a sealing ring received in the sealing groove, wherein the connecting channel further opens out into the sealing groove.

US Pat. No. 10,260,497

POWER UNIT OF HYDRAULIC PUMPING UNIT AND CORRESPONDING HYDRAULIC PUMPING UNIT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A power unit of a hydraulic pumping unit, comprising:a motor;
a pumping rod driver that drives reciprocating movement of a pumping rod;
a variable pump driven by the motor, the variable pump hydraulically connected to the pumping rod driver;
a secondary hydraulic control unit hydraulically connected to the pumping rod driver;
an energy accumulator operably connected to the secondary hydraulic control unit and configured to store potential energy from the secondary hydraulic control unit;
a sensor configured to generate signals based on a position of the pumping rod;
a first control valve hydraulically connected to the variable pump and configured to, based on the signals from the sensor, set a flow through the variable pump to be zero during a descending motion of the pumping rod and to set the flow through the variable pump to be positive toward the pumping rod driver during an ascending motion of the pumping rod to drive the pumping rod driver; and
a second control valve hydraulically connected to the secondary hydraulic control unit and configured to, based on the signals from the sensor, set the secondary hydraulic control unit to function as a motor and store potential energy in the energy accumulator during the descending motion of the pumping rod, and to set the secondary hydraulic control unit to be driven by the stored potential energy in the energy accumulator such that the secondary hydraulic control unit functions as a pump to drive the pumping rod driver during the ascending motion of the pumping rod.

US Pat. No. 10,250,147

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A switch-mode power supply, having:a control element situated in a primary circuit for controlling a transformer with the aid of an electric controlled variable;
an ascertainment device that is situated in a secondary circuit for ascertaining an electric output variable of the secondary circuit;
a first regulating element that is situated in the secondary circuit, functionally connected with the control element, and configured to regulate the electric output variable of the secondary circuit;
a coupling element, interconnected between the primary circuit and the secondary circuit, functionally connecting the ascertainment device with the control element for transmitting the ascertained electric output variable of the secondary circuit to the control element of the first circuit; and
a second regulating element that is situated in the primary circuit for regulating the electric controlled variable of the control element as a function of a temperature of an element of the primary circuit ascertained by the second regulating element, wherein the second regulating element is connected in parallel to the coupling element.

US Pat. No. 10,249,406

CABLE HARNESS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery module comprising a plurality of battery cells and at least one cable harness (10), wherein the at least one cable harness (10) comprises a plurality of electrical conductors (12) for contacting the plurality of battery cells of the battery module as well as a film-shaped carrier element (14), wherein the electrical conductors (12) are arranged for at least a portion in parallel with each other on the carrier element (14) and are joined to the carrier element (14), characterized in that a flexible elongated hollow body (16) is arranged in parallel for at least a portion with at least one of the electrical conductors (12) and is joined to the carrier element (14), wherein at least one of the electrical conductors (12) of the cable harness (10) is integrally bonded to a terminal of a battery cell of the battery module.

US Pat. No. 10,249,432

INDUCTIVE ENERGY TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. An inductive energy transmission system, comprising:a primary coil that is connectible to an electrical useful voltage source, the primary coil being connected to a first capacitor, the first capacitor being connected to a local ground potential of the energy transmission system; and
a secondary coil inductively coupled to the primary coil;
wherein a second capacitor is between the primary coil and the local ground potential of the energy transmission system.

US Pat. No. 10,236,542

METHOD FOR THE SWITCHING OF A NUMBER OF BATTERY CELLS IN A BATTERY AND BATTERY SYSTEM WITH A BATTERY COMPRISING A NUMBER OF BATTERY CELL UNITS, EACH COMPRISED OF A BATTERY CELL AND A BATTERY CELL MONITORING MODULE ASSOCIATED WITH SAID BATTERY CELL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for the switching a plurality of battery cells (21) in a battery (111) which is configured as an electrochemical storage device,electrically connecting, by a cell monitoring module (122), each of the plurality of battery cells (21) to the battery (111) based on a first probability P1i,
electrically disconnecting, by the cell monitoring module (122), each of the plurality of battery cells (21) from the battery (111) based on second probability P2i,
wherein the battery cells (21) are mutually connectable in series,
calculating, by the cell monitoring module (122), a performance factor Gi for each of the plurality of battery cells (21) as a sum of a function, which is linearly dependent upon a state of charge LZi of the corresponding battery cell, and a second function which is linearly dependent upon a product of a current value I of a current (I,?I) which flows in the corresponding battery cell (21) when the latter is electrically connected to the battery (111) and an internal resistance (Ri) of the corresponding battery cell (21) and,
determining, by the cell monitoring module (122), the corresponding first probability P1i and the corresponding second probability P2i for each of the plurality of battery cells (21) based on the calculated performance factor Gi.

US Pat. No. 10,232,730

CONTROL OF A SECONDARY BATTERY WITH BATTERY CELLS WHICH CAN BE CONNECTED IN SERIES WITH ONE ANOTHER

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

4. A method for open-loop and/or closed-loop control of a secondary battery, which battery system comprises a secondary battery (3) comprising at least two battery cells (2) connected together electrically in series, at least two cell electronic units (4) each assigned to at least one battery cell (2), at least one central electronic unit (5) and at least one communications connection (6), which can be used to provide a communications link between the central electronic unit (5) and the cell electronic units (4),wherein the central electronic unit (5) detects and compares, with a specifiable setpoint output voltage, an actual output voltage currently produced by the secondary battery (3), to generate at least one control signal based on the current result of the comparison between actual output voltage and setpoint output voltage, and to send the currently generated control signal to all the cell electronic units (4) via the communications connection (6),
wherein each cell electronic unit (4) detects an instantaneous state of its assigned battery cell (2), generates a state parameter associated with the currently detected state, weights, by the currently existing state parameter, a value stored in the cell electronic unit (4) for a probability of enabling its assigned battery cell (2), and controls the state of its assigned battery cell (2) based on the currently existing control signal and the current value for the probability of enabling the battery cell (2), which value is weighted by the state parameter, and
wherein at least one piece of information, which specifies whether, in the next control step, the values stored in the cell electronic units (4) for the probability of enabling the relevant battery cell (2) are retained, incremented, decremented or reset to a definable initial value, is used as the currently existing control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,220,816

WIPER BLADE HAVING AN ADAPTER UNIT FOR HINGING TO A WIPER ARM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A wiper blade (100) for a window wiper, with a wiper strip (112) and an adapter unit (150) for attachment of the wiper strip (112) to a wiper arm (118), wherein the adapter unit (150) is fastened to a base connecting device (160) provided on the wiper strip (112) and is configured to be connected to a connecting member (190) assigned to the wiper arm (118), characterized in that the adapter unit (150) has a guide adapter (250) which is fastened permanently to the base connecting device (160) and which has guide elements (352, 354, 356, 358) which are at least partially three-dimensionally curved, which guide adapter is connected releasably to a function adapter (280) configured to be connected to the connecting member (190), which function adapter has sliding elements (382, 384, 386, 388) which are displaceable in a sliding fashion on the guide elements (352, 354, 356, 358) in such a way that the function adapter (280) is configured to be moved relative to the guide adapter (250), to move the function adapter (280) from a release position into a retaining position, wherein the movement includes at least one change in direction of the function adapter (280).

US Pat. No. 10,218,543

SUBSCRIBER STATION FOR A BUS SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING WIRE-BOUND EMISSIONS IN A BUS SYSTEM

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A subscriber station for a bus system, comprising:a terminal connection to a first bus line of the bus system;
a terminal connection to a second bus line of the bus system;
a digital-analog converter for converting a digital signal into an analog signal; and
an analog-digital converter connected to the digital-analog converter, wherein the subscriber station is configured to:
output data onto the bus system by controlling the first and second bus lines to be at different electrical levels in a dominant bus state of the bus system; and
control the connected analog-digital converter and digital-analog converter to balance the different electrical levels to which the first and second bus lines are set in the dominant bus state of the bus system to be symmetrical about a predefined electrical level.

US Pat. No. 10,202,199

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING A DEVIATION OF A FIRST ROTATIONAL SPEED OF A FIRST DRIVE UNIT FOR AN AIRCRAFT FROM A SECOND ROTATIONAL SPEED OF AN AT LEAST SECOND DRIVE UNIT FOR AN AIRCRAFT

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for monitoring a deviation of a first rotational speed of a first drive unit for an aircraft from a second rotational speed of an at least second drive unit for an aircraft, the method comprising:detecting a first event of the first drive unit and detecting a second event of the at least second drive unit;
comparing the detection of the first event to the detection of the second event; and
monitoring the deviation of the first rotation speed of the first drive unit from the second rotational speed of the second drive unit as a function of the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,190,468

SENSOR ELEMENT AND EXHAUST GAS SENSOR HAVING A SENSOR ELEMENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor element comprising:a sensor arrangement; and
a heating arrangement configured to heat the sensor arrangement, and including an electrically conductive heating structure that is at least partially electrically insulated from the sensor arrangement by electrical insulation having an electrically insulating material, wherein:
the electrically insulating material has gas-tight sintered particles; and
the gas-tight sintered particles include forsterite particles, spinel particles, or a mixture of forsterite particles and spinel particles.

US Pat. No. 10,189,448

WIPER BLADE ADAPTER SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A wiper blade adapter system comprising a wiper blade adapter unit (10) having a coupling unit (18) and at least two separate connection units (12, 14, 16) that have different overall forms and are each configured to couple to a different type of wiper arm adapter and to the coupling unit (18), wherein the at least two connection units each include a projecting plug element (24), wherein the coupling unit (18) includes a lateral plug-in unit (20) configured for coupling to the at least two connection units (12, 14, 16) in an assembly step, wherein the lateral plug-in unit (20) includes a receiving element (22) configured for receiving the plug element (24) of each one of the at least two connection units (12, 14, 16), wherein the receiving element (22) includes a mounting channel (26) defined by a closed cross-sectional circumference, wherein the receiving channel extends at least substantially parallel to a wiping direction (54) and is open at one end along the wiping direction such that during the assembly step the projecting plug element (24) of one of the connection units (12, 14, 16) is pushed along the wiping direction (54) and into the mounting channel (26), wherein at least one connection unit (12, 14, 16) of the at least two connection units (12, 14, 16) includes an intermediate element (30, 32, 34) which is configured for coupling to a connection element (64, 66, 68) of the at least one connection unit (12, 14, 16).

US Pat. No. 10,189,355

SAFETY DEVICE FOR A BATTERY CONTACTOR IN AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A safety device (4) for a contactor (2) which is connected between a secondary battery and an electrical power supply system, the safety device comprising:at least one electronic evaluation unit (6) connected to at least one electrical component of the secondary battery by means of a communication connection (5), and
at least one safety switch (8) driven by way of the electronic evaluation unit (6) and arranged in an electrical control circuit (7) of the contactor (2),
wherein the electronic evaluation unit (6) is configured to
receive at least one component-specific item of actual information (12), which is an unambiguous actual identifier of the electrical component of the secondary battery, from the electrical component by means of the communication connection (5),
compare the received item of actual information (12) with at least one item of target information which is an unambiguous target identifier stored in the electronic evaluation unit (6), and
drive the safety switch (8) depending on a result of the comparison in such a way that said electronic evaluation unit closes the safety switch (8) when the item of actual information (12) corresponds to the item of target information, and opens the safety switch (8) when the item of actual information (12) does not correspond to the item of target information.

US Pat. No. 10,185,392

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING INFORMATION TO A DRIVER OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND ADAPTIVE DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for transmitting information to a driver of a motor vehicle, with at least two information channels being provided to transmit information, the method comprising:presenting the information via at least a first information channel for the driver, the information being presented to the driver via the first information channel as a visual presentation;
determining a perception quantity representing perception by the driver with regard to the information presented as the visual presentation, the perception quantity being determined based on a length of time a gaze of the driver stays on the visual presentation; and
presenting the information via a further information channel on the basis of the perception quantity determined, the further information channel being different than the first information channel.

US Pat. No. 10,175,069

SENSOR UNIT FOR A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor unit for a vehicle comprising:a sensor circuit that is connected in an electrical manner to a connection cable via a sensor-contacting arrangement, a coaxial contacting arrangement, and a cable-contacting arrangement;
the sensor-contacting arrangement including at least two sensor contacts
the cable-contacting arrangement including at least two cable contacts; and
the coaxial contacting arrangement arranged between the cable-contacting arrangement and the sensor-contacting arrangement and including:
on a cable side, a first inner contact-making site having at least two contacts;
on the sensor side, a second inner contact-making site having at least two mating contacts
a first contact pair having a first contact and a corresponding first mating contact, the first contact pair forming a middle contacting arrangement; and
a second contact pair having a second contact and a corresponding second mating contact, the second contact pair forming an outer contacting arrangement arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,174,668

METHOD AND UNIT FOR OPERATING A FUEL METERING SYSTEM IN AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a fuel metering system of an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:detecting at least one operating variable of the internal combustion engine;
detecting a dynamic operating state of the internal combustion engine based on the at least one detected operating variable; and
performing a dynamic correction of the fuel metering system of the internal combustion engine for the detected dynamic operating state of the internal combustion engine, the dynamic correction being performed by changing at least one injection parameter including at least one of: (i) a beginning of injection, (ii) a rail pressure, (iii) a time position or phase angle with respect to a crankshaft angle of injections, (iv) an injection quantity of pre-injections, or (v) an injection quantity of post-injections;
wherein an efficiency of an exhaust gas aftertreatment system of the internal combustion engine is determined and the dynamic correction of the fuel metering system of the internal combustion engine is carried out only when a predefined threshold value of the efficiency of the exhaust gas aftertreatment system is fallen below;
wherein the efficiency of the exhaust gas aftertreatment system is taken into account using a transfer characteristic map and an NOx exhaust gas aftertreatment factor derived from the transfer characteristic map.

US Pat. No. 10,107,214

CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD USING EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURES TO ADJUST AN AIR/FUEL MIXTURE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A control system for an internal combustion engine, comprising:a temperature sensor configured to generate a signal indicative of a temperature of exhaust gas passing through an exhaust manifold of the engine; and
an engine controller configured to selectively operate the engine in:
a first state, whereat the engine controller is configured to operate a fuel injector for the engine to inject a quantity of fuel into the engine corresponding to an open loop fuel mass command value; and
a second state, whereat the engine controller is configured to:
determine a first temperature of the exhaust gas based on the signal generated by the temperature sensor during a first engine cycle at which the quantity of fuel is injected into the engine;
operate the fuel injector to inject the quantity of fuel along with an additional amount of fuel into the engine during a second engine cycle;
determine a second temperature of the exhaust gas based on the signal generated by the temperature sensor during the second engine cycle;
compare at least the first temperature and the second temperature; and
adjust the open loop fuel mass command value based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,103,673

MOTOR APPARATUS COMPRISING AT LEAST TWELVE COILS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A motor apparatus, comprising at least one stator (12a; 12b; 12c) which has at least twelve coils (14a, 14a?, 16a, 16a?, 18a, 18a?, 20a, 20a?, 22a, 22a?, 24a, 24a?; 14b, 14b?, 16b, 16b?, 18b, 18b?, 20b, 20b?, 22b, 22b?, 24b, 24b?; 14c, 16c, 18c, 20c, 22c, 24c, 142c, 144c, 146c, 148c, 150c, 152c), and comprising at least one power supply unit (26a; 26b; 26c), characterized in that the at least twelve coils (14a, 14a?, 16a, 16a?, 18a, 18a?, 20a, 20a?, 22a, 22a?, 24a, 24a?; 14b, 14b?, 16b, 16b?, 18b, 18b?, 20b, 20b?, 22b, 22b?, 24b, 24b?; 14c, 16c, 18c, 20c, 22c, 24c, 142c, 144c, 146c, 148c, 150c, 152c) of the at least one stator (12a; 12b; 12c), which directly follow one another in the circumferential direction (36a; 36b; 36c), are connected in at least one operating state to different phases of the power supply unit (26a; 26b; 26c), and wherein opposing coils (14a, 14a?, 16a, 16a?, 18a, 18a?, 20a, 20a?, 22a, 22a?, 24a, 24a?; 14b, 14b?, 16b, 16b?, 18b, 18b?, 20b, 20b?, 22b, 22b?, 24b, 24b?) of the at least one stator (12a; 12b) are connected in parallel in each case.

US Pat. No. 10,100,692

DEVICE FOR METERING FLUID

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A device for metering fluid, comprising an electrically controllable metering valve (11) having a valve housing (13) comprising an inlet opening and a metering opening (14, 15) for the fluid and a cooling module (12) to which a coolant is applied for cooling the metering valve (11), characterized in that the metering valve (11) is hermetically sealed in the cooling module (12) and only the inlet opening and the metering opening (14, 15) of the valve housing (13) are exposed to the outside of the cooling module,wherein the cooling module (12) has a module housing (16) comprising a housing inlet (17), which exposes the inlet opening (14) of the valve housing (13), and a housing outlet (18), which exposes the metering opening (15) of the valve housing (13), as well as a cooling jacket (19) which extends between the housing inlet (17) and the housing outlet (18) and comprises an inlet and an outlet (20, 21) for the coolant,
wherein the module housing (16) comprises a hollow cylindrical housing body (161) equipped with the cooling jacket (19), a housing base (162) integrally formed with the housing body (161) and a housing cover (22) which closes off the housing body (161) and is connected to said housing body (161) in a materially bonded manner; in that the housing inlet (17) is disposed in the housing cover (22) and the housing outlet (18) is disposed in the housing base (162); and in that a housing end of the valve housing (13) on an inlet side rests against the housing cover (22) such that the inlet opening (14) is congruent to the housing inlet (17) and the housing end of the valve housing (13) on a metering side enters into the housing outlet (18) in the housing base (162) of the module housing (16) and in that the valve housing (13) is connected respectively to the housing cover (22) and the housing base (162) of the module housing (16) in a materially bonded manner, and
wherein the housing base (162) of the housing module (16) has a conical shape which tapers towards the housing outlet (18) and comprises an integrally formed base collar (163) that encompasses the housing outlet (18); and the housing cover (22) comprises a hood base (221), which contains the housing inlet (17) of the module housing (16), and a hood jacket (222); and the materially bonded connection of the valve housing (13) to the module housing (16) is carried out in each case circumferentially at the base collar (163) and at the hood base (221).

US Pat. No. 10,103,598

WET-OPERATED ARMATURE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A wet-operated armature (1) of an electric machine, comprising a main body (4) and a commutator (7), which are disposed concentrically around a shaft (2) that extends in an axial direction (21), characterized in that the main body and the commutator are surrounded by a sleeve (6), which fully surrounds the main body (4) and the commutator (7) in a circumferential direction (23) around the shaft (2), wherein the sleeve (6) is in the shape of a pot and has a base (66) that extends transversely in relation to the shaft (2), and wherein the sleeve (6) has a surround (65) disposed on the base (66), wherein the surround (65) extends concentrically around the shaft (2) and has an open end (65) opposite the base (4), and wherein the surround (65) has no openings between the open end (65) and the base (66).

US Pat. No. 10,044,122

ELECTRICAL PLUG-TYPE CONNECTOR AND AN ASSOCIATED ARRANGEMENT COMPRISING A HOUSING

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An electrical plug-type connector consisting of electrically non-conductive material, the electrical plug-type connector comprising:a plug housing with an inner wall and at least one plug-type contact, the inner wall configured to delimit a first space, the plug-type contact having a first end portion, configured to be contacted by a mating plug-type contact, and a second end portion opposite the first end portion, wherein:
the second end portion is connected to a printed circuit board by solder,
the printed circuit board is fixedly connected to the plug housing in a predetermined position,
the plug-type contact is devoid of a force-fitting connection transversely to the axial direction in the predetermined position,
the first end portion protrudes into the first space in the predetermined position, and
the printed circuit board is connected in a fluid-tight manner to the plug housing, wherein:
the plug housing has an outer wall opposite the inner wall, and
a receiving element configured to receive a peripheral first sealing element is formed on the outer wall.

US Pat. No. 10,024,261

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A DRIVE SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a drive system having at least one drive engine for a motor vehicle, the method comprising:monitoring, via a processor and a sensor system, an acceleration of the motor vehicle;
performing, via the processor, an alternative monitoring of another vehicle parameter by changing over to the alternative monitoring when the monitoring of the acceleration can no longer be performed reliably;
ascertaining, via the processor, a maximum permissible rotational speed as a function of a rotational speed specification specified by a driver's request; and
limiting, in the alternative monitoring, an engine rotational speed to the maximum permissible engine rotational speed;
wherein a real driving acceleration is compared to a rotational acceleration, which is determined from measured rotational speeds, and
wherein monitoring of the acceleration cannot be performed reliably when there is an error in the sensor system or acceleration is outside an operating range in which the acceleration cannot be reliably monitored.

US Pat. No. 10,018,169

NOZZLE ASSEMBLY FOR A FUEL INJECTOR, AND FUEL INJECTOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A nozzle assembly for a fuel injector having a nozzle needle (1) which is received in a high pressure bore (2) of a nozzle body (3) such that the nozzle needle can perform stroke movements in order to open and close at least one injection opening (4) and is loaded in the closing direction at least indirectly by the spring force of a spring (5), the nozzle needle (1) being at least partially surrounded by a throttle bore body (7) in order to configure at least one closing throttle (6), characterized in that the throttle bore body (7) is configured in multiple pieces and comprises at least first and second sleeves (7.1, 7.2) which are at least partially guided into one another, and in that the second sleeve (7.2), which is arranged closer to the injection opening (4), is of substantially pot-shaped configuration and at least partially surrounds the first sleeve (7.1).

US Pat. No. 10,010,978

DETERMINATION OF A QUALITY OF AN ALUMINUM WELD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining a quality of at least one aluminum weld comprising:driving a proportional control valve with an electric output signal based on a desired force of at least one electrode exerted on a workpiece formed from aluminum;
detecting an actual force exerted on the workpiece with the at least one electrode during aluminum welding using a force sensor as a weld force profile;
determining and recording a weld force curve from the weld force profile;
determining an area below the weld force curve; and
determining at least one factor characterizing the quality of the at least one aluminum weld based on a comparison of the area below the weld force curve with at least one reference value based on the desired force.

US Pat. No. 10,013,343

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF REFRESHING A MEMORY AREA OF A NON-VOLATILE MEMORY UNIT USED IN AN EMBEDDED SYSTEM

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for performing a refresh of a first memory area of a non-volatile memory unit, comprising:providing, in the non-volatile memory unit, a memory address area, the memory address area of the non-volatile memory unit storing a respective reference to each of a plurality of individual memory areas of the non-volatile memory, the first memory area being one of the plurality of the individual memory areas;
overwriting each of a second memory area of the non-volatile memory unit and a third memory area of the non-volatile memory unit with a memory content from the first memory area, so that the first memory area, the second memory area and the third memory area all store the same content, wherein the first memory area, the second memory area, and the third memory area are different memory areas of the non-volatile memory unit;
after the overwriting of the second memory area and the third memory area, in a first updating step, updating the memory address area to remove the respective reference to the first memory area and add, in place of the removed reference, a reference to the second memory area;
after the first updating step, overwriting the first memory area with the memory content from the third memory area; and
after the overwriting of the first memory area, in a second updating step, updating the memory address area to replace the reference to the second memory area with the respective reference to the first memory area.

US Pat. No. 10,005,374

PRISMATIC ACCUMULATOR CELL AND ACCUMULATOR PACK

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A prismatic accumulator cell (2) comprising a cuboid housing (4), wherein electrodes (10) for the take-up and delivery of energy from the prismatic accumulator cell (2) are arranged in the housing and are electrically connected to terminal connections (18), wherein the housing (4) is provided with a cover area (24) which accommodates the terminal connections (18) and at least one area provided with an insulating material cladding (26), characterized in that the prismatic accumulator cell (2) is provided with at least one metal contact pin (28), which is electrically connected to one of the electrodes (10), and is routed through the insulating material cladding (26), wherein the at least one metal contact pin (28) is arranged centrally to be evenly spaced between a first short side wall (8a) and a second short side wall (8a) of the cuboid housing (4).

US Pat. No. 10,006,999

DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AN OBJECT IN THE SURROUNDINGS OF A VEHICLE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for a driver assistance system of a vehicle for detecting a plurality of objects in surroundings of the vehicle about a parking space, the method comprising:emitting a sequence of measuring pulses toward the parking space by a transmitter;
receiving reflections of the measuring pulses off the plurality of objects about the parking space by at least one receiver, the reflections including a reflection carrier modulated by reflection pulses;
determining a speed of the vehicle;
determining Doppler shifts between the emitted measuring pulses and the received reflections in an analysis unit, wherein determining the Doppler shifts includes at least one of:
determining a time difference between a pulse width of the reflection pulses and a pulse width of the measuring pulses, or determining a time difference between pulse intervals of the reflection pulses and pulse intervals of the measuring pulses; and
determining directions toward the objects based on the determined Doppler shift, the determined speed of the vehicle, and an assigned speed of zero for the plurality of objects, wherein determining the directions is independent of determining distances toward the objects, and wherein for values of the determined Doppler shifts indicating frequencies of the reflections higher than corresponding frequencies of the measuring pulses, the determined direction is toward ahead of the vehicle, and for values of the determined Doppler shifts indicating frequencies of the reflections lower than corresponding frequencies of the measuring pulses, the determined direction is toward behind the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,991,565

SAFETY SENSOR SYSTEM FOR AN ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A system, comprising:at least one of: a sensor system, or a sensor element;
wherein the sensor system includes:
a reaction chamber having a detection component, the detection component including at least one of: basic functional groups, or acidic functional groups; and
a measuring device for determining a physical variable within the reaction chamber,
wherein the value of the physical variable is changed by a chemical reaction of a gaseous system component of a battery with the detection component upon entry of the gaseous system component to the reaction chamber, the chemical reaction irreversibly consuming ions of the detection component, the chemical reaction including at least one of: an ester cleavage, or an ether cleavage; and
wherein a leak of the gaseous system component from the battery is detectable via a change in the value of the physical variable, and
wherein the sensor element includes:
a support body,
a layer which contains a detection component, the layer being applied to the support body, the detection component including at least one of: basic functional groups, or acidic functional groups; a value of a physical variable within the layer being changed by a chemical reaction of the gaseous system component of the battery with the detection component upon entry of the gaseous system component to the layer, the chemical reaction irreversibly consuming at least a portion of the detection component, the chemical reaction including at least one of: an ester cleavage, or an ether cleavage;
wherein a leak of the gaseous system component from the battery is detectable by determining a change in the value of the physical variable within the layer.

US Pat. No. 9,989,061

GEOMETRY FOR THE COMPENSATION OF AXIAL GAPS ARISING IN ELECTRIC PUMPS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An electric pump (1) for conveying a fluid, the electric pump (1) comprisingan electric motor (21) that generates a driving torque,
a first pump component (3) having a plurality of first connecting pieces distributed over a periphery of the first pump component (3), wherein each of the first connecting pieces extends in a direction parallel to a longitudinal axis (13) of the electric pump (1) and each includes a first contact surface (7), wherein each of the first contact surfaces (7) has an incline (11) with respect to a plane that extends perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis (13) of the electric pump (1), wherein the first pump component (3) is a housing (23) of the electric motor (21), and
a second pump component (5) having a plurality of second connecting pieces distributed over a periphery of the second pump component (5), wherein each of the second connecting pieces extends toward the first pump component 3 in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis (13) of the electric pump (1) and each includes a second contact surface (9), wherein each of the second contact surfaces (9) has an incline that corresponds to the incline of the first contact surface (7),
wherein the first pump component (3) and the second pump component (5) are in contact with one another at the first and second contact surfaces (7, 9),
wherein the inclines (11) of the first pump component (3) cooperate with the inclines of the second pump component (5), and
wherein the inclines of the first and second pump components (3, 5) are aligned such that a gap between the first and second pump components (3, 5) is closed when a counter torque (M) with respect to the driving torque is applied.

US Pat. No. 9,983,090

TANK LEAKAGE DIAGNOSIS HAVING A FUEL TANK AS A PRESSURE STORE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A system for tank leakage diagnosis, the system comprising:a fuel tank;
a pressure source, which is configured to increase a pressure in the fuel tank; and
a pressure sensor, which is configured to detect a pressure progression at the fuel tank,
wherein the system is configured to seal the fuel tank in a gas-tight manner such that the fuel tank can be used as a pressure store, wherein
the system is configured to conclude, independently of a current operation of the pressure source, based on a detected pressure progression at the fuel tank, that a leak is present,
wherein the fuel tank is configured to be connected to the pressure source via a first line,
wherein a first electric valve is provided on the first line,
wherein the system further comprises an adsorption filter,
wherein the fuel tank is configured to be connected to the adsorption filter via a second line,
wherein a second electric valve is provided on the second line, and
wherein, when detecting a pressure progression at the fuel tank, the first valve and the second valve seal the fuel tank in a gas-tight manner.

US Pat. No. 9,982,671

VALVE OF A PISTON PUMP WITH A CLOSING BODY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A valve of a piston pump, comprising:a sealing seat; and
a closing body configured to be moved in an axially guided manner against the sealing seat, wherein the closing body is formed in two pieces, the pieces including a damping piston and a closing element inserted therein,
wherein the closing element is held on the damping piston such that the closing element is radially translatable within a radial spacing formed between a shaft of the closing element and the damping piston;
wherein, on the an end of the damping piston facing towards the closing element, at least one channel is formed through which an underflow, directed radially from outside to inside, of the closing element is possible; and
wherein the at least one channel forms a segment of a flow connection through the damping piston to its other end.

US Pat. No. 9,971,904

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR RANGE SEARCH ON ENCRYPTED DATA

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for searching encrypted data comprising:identifying, with a client computing device, a plurality of values within a predetermined search range in a search index stored within a memory of the client computing device, each value in the plurality of values being present in a plaintext representation of at least one encrypted file in a plurality of encrypted files stored in a server computing device;
generating, with the client computing device, at least one search query including an encrypted keyword corresponding to at least one value in the plurality of values within the predetermined search range, the at least one search query further comprising one search query including a first encrypted keyword corresponding to a minimum value in the plurality of values and a second encrypted keyword corresponding to a maximum value in the plurality of values;
transmitting, with the client computing device, the at least one search query to the server computing device through a data network;
receiving, with the client computing device, at least one response from the server computing device through the data network, the at least one response including a first encrypted entry corresponding to first encrypted keyword and a second encrypted entry corresponding to the second encrypted keyword, the first and second encrypted keywords each corresponding to a value in the plurality of values and an identifier of at least one file in the plurality of encrypted files stored on the server computing device that includes the value;
decrypting, with the client computing device, the first encrypted entry and the second encrypted entry using a cryptographic key stored in the memory; and
identifying, with the client computing device, at least one file in the plurality of encrypted files stored on the server computing device that includes at least one value between the minimum value and the maximum value based on a difference between a first cumulative index entry for the at least one file in decrypted data from the first entry and a second cumulative index entry for the at least one file in decrypted data from the second entry.

US Pat. No. 9,964,074

APPARATUS FOR FURNISHING WATER AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRIC PUMP FOR FURNISHING WATER FOR INJECTION INTO A COMBUSTION CHAMBER OF AN ENGINE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. An apparatus for furnishing water for injection into a combustion chamber of an engine, comprising:an electric pump that is connected by an inflow to a main water tank, and having a high-pressure output at which the electric pump makes available water at a pressure elevated with respect to a pressure in the main water tank;
wherein the high-pressure output of the electric pump is connected to a return line that opens into a driving jet connector of a suction jet pump, an intake connector of the suction jet pump being connected to a further water tank, and a high-pressure output of the suction jet pump being connected to the main water tank.

US Pat. No. 9,963,133

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING BRAKING FORCE OF BRAKE DEVICES FOR TWO-WHEELED VEHICLE, AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING BRAKING FORCE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for controlling a braking force of a combined brake system for a two-wheeled vehicle, the method comprising:detecting or computing a lean angle of the two-wheeled vehicle; and
changing a braking-force distribution to front and rear brake devices when the lean angle exceeds a specified value;
wherein upon termination of control for changing the braking-force distribution, a difference between the braking-force distribution in a normal state and the changed braking-force distribution is computed, and the changed braking-force distribution is controlled so as to gradually approach the normal state of braking-force distribution within a specified time.

US Pat. No. 9,954,343

LASER SPARK PLUG HAVING AN IMPROVED SEAL BETWEEN THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER WINDOW AND THE CASING

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A casing for a laser spark plug, comprising:a casing part;
a combustion chamber window joined to the casing part to form a seal at least regionally; and at least one sealing element, whose coefficient of thermal expansion at an operating temperature of the laser spark plug is greater than the coefficient of thermal expansion of the casing part at the operating temperature of the laser spark plug, and which is between the casing part and the combustion chamber window, such that the combustion chamber window, the at least one sealing element, and the casing part are arranged, in that order, sequentially in a direction of an optical axis of the laser spark plug, wherein:
in a region of contact with the casing part and/or with the combustion chamber window, the sealing element has a coating made of a material, which is different from a base material of the sealing element,
the coating is applied to the base material and has a first thickness of approximately 50 ?m to approximately 150 ?m, and
the base material has a second thickness that is greater than the first thickness.

US Pat. No. 9,941,507

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCTION OF A THIN-FILM BATTERY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for production of a thin-film battery, comprising:applying a first unmasked flow of a first electrode material to a mount structure in order to form a first electrode layer on the mount structure;
applying a second unmasked flow of an electrolyte material directly on the surface of the first electrode layer in order to form a battery layer on the first electrode layer;
applying a third unmasked flow of a second electrode material directly on the surface of the battery layer in order to form a second electrode layer on the battery layer;
repeating the step of applying a second unmasked flow of an electrolyte material directly on the surface of the second electrode layer to form a battery layer on the second electrode layer;
repeating the applying steps commencing with applying an unmasked flow of the first electrode material directly on the surface of the battery layer formed on the second electrode layer and ending with the step of applying a third unmasked flow of a second electrode material in order to produce a thin-film battery which includes a plurality of first electrode layers, a plurality of battery layers and a plurality of second electrode layers; and
thereafter structuring the thin-film battery.

US Pat. No. 9,925,684

CUT LENGTH INDICATING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A cut length indicating device for a portable machine tool, comprising:at least one indicating unit including a first movably mounted indicating element configured to indicate a position of a first cutting edge of a cutting tool on a workpiece to be machined based on a set depth of cut of the cutting tool, the first movably mounted indicating element having a first cutting edge indicating line extending transversely with respect to a plane of movement of the first movably mounted indicating element relative to the portable machine tool, the first cutting edge indicating line aligned with the position of the first cutting edge at the set depth of cut,
wherein the at least one indicating unit further includes a second movably mounted indicating element configured for movement relative to the portable machine tool and to the first movably mounted indicating element, the second movably mounted indicating element having a second cutting edge indicating line extending transversely with respect to a plane of movement of the second movably mounted indicating element relative to the portable machine tool, and the second movably mounted indicating element aligned with a position of a second cutting edge of the cutting tool at the set depth of cut, and
wherein the first movably mounted indicating element and the second movably mounted indicating element are configured (i) to move away from each other when the set depth of cut is increased, and (ii) to move towards each other when the set depth of cut is decreased.

US Pat. No. 9,922,143

METHOD AND CONTROL FOR CARRYING OUT A CALCULATION OF A DATA-BASED FUNCTION MODEL

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

7. A method for performing a calculation of a data-based function model to control an internal combustion engine, the method
comprising:
determining at least one input variable of the internal combustion engine to be varied, for which multiple output values of
a corresponding output variable of the internal combustion engine are to be determined, wherein the data-based function model
is defined by predefined hyperparameters and node data, multiple input variables being assigned to one output variable and
having a sum of terms, each of which depends on one of the input variables;

calculating the sum of the terms, which depend on the input variables not to be varied;
providing multiple input values for each of the at least one determined input variable to be varied;
ascertaining a plurality of output values of the output variable for the provided multiple input values, each based on the
calculated sum of the terms, which depend on the input variables not to be varied;

carrying out an interpolation between the input values of the input variable for the inverted calculation of the reverse-extrapolated
input values of the input variable to be varied with predefinition of multiple setpoint output values of the output variable;
and

controlling the internal combustion engine based on setting the at least one input variable based on the interpolation.

US Pat. No. 9,914,413

BUS SYSTEM FOR CONFIGURING COMMUNICATION INTERFACES IN THE VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUCH A BUS SYSTEM

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A bus system in a vehicle, comprising:
at least two different bus lines which are:
(i) each electrically coupled to a same first voltage-limiting element, wherein the first voltage-limiting element is structured
and arranged so that voltage pulses occurring with a predefined reference potential as a positive voltage pulse between one
of the two bus lines and a first point are limited to a first voltage threshold; and

(ii) each electrically coupled to a same second voltage-limiting element, wherein:
the second voltage-limiting element is structured and arranged so that voltage pulses occurring with a predefined reference
potential as a negative voltage pulse between one of the two bus lines and a second point are limited to a second voltage
threshold that allows voltage pulses at least down to ?27 volts;

the at least two different bus lines are each electrically coupled to the same second voltage-limiting element via a respective
first coupling diode having an isolated drain; and

a cathode of each of the respective first coupling diodes is directly connected to the respective bus line.

US Pat. No. 9,915,704

METHOD AND CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT FOR DETERMINING THE COULOMBIC EFFICIENCY OF BATTERY MODULES

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining a Coulombic efficiency of a plurality of battery modules of a rechargeable battery with a circuit
arrangement connected to the plurality of battery modules, the circuit arrangement having a plurality of current paths, each
current path having a plurality of switching modules connected in series between two output terminals that provide an output
voltage, each switching module having a first terminal and a second terminal and being connected to a respective battery module
in the plurality of battery modules, each switching module being configured to (i) selectively connect the respective connected
battery module into a respective current path by connecting the respective connected battery module between the respective
first and second terminals and (ii) selectively remove the respective connected battery module from the respective current
path by connecting the respective first and second terminals to each other, the method comprising:
selecting at least one battery module of the plurality of battery modules;
operating the plurality of switching modules of a respective current path of the plurality of current paths to (i) connect
the selected at least one battery module into the respective current path by connecting the selected at least one battery
module being between the respective first and second terminals of the respective switching module and (ii) remove each other
battery module of the respective current path from the respective current path by connecting the respective first and second
terminals of each other switching module to each other;

subjecting, while the selected at least one battery module is connected in the respective current path and each other battery
module of the respective current path is removed from the respective current path, the selected at least one battery module
to (i) at least one discharging process and (ii) at least one charging process via the respective current path;

operating at least one power semiconductor of at least one switching module in the respective current path in a linear mode
to conduct and regulate a charge current for the at least one charging process and a discharge current for the at least one
discharging process;

determining charge quantities by integrating the charge current over a duration of the at least one charging process and integrating
the discharge current over a duration of the at least one discharging process; and

determining a Coulombic efficiency of the selected at least one battery module based on the determined charge quantities.

US Pat. No. 9,909,536

GAS VALVE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A gas valve with a valve disc (10) which is arranged moveably in the gas valve relative to a longitudinal axis (8), and with a valve plate (12) with valve seat (19) formed thereon, wherein the valve disc (10) cooperates with the valve seat (19) to open and close the gas valve, and with a first circumferential sealing edge (30) on the valve seat (19), the first circumferential edge (30) being engaged by the valve disc (10) when the gas valve is closed, characterized in that the valve disc (10) has a central opening (13) for passage of gaseous medium, wherein the first circumferential sealing edge (30) surrounds the central opening (13) and wherein a first pressure face (25) is formed in the central opening (13), the first pressure face being pressurized in a closing direction by the gaseous medium, and with a second pressure face
(26) on the valve disc (10), the second pressure face being formed radially outside the first circumferential sealing edge (30) and being pressurized in an opening direction by the gaseous medium, and with a connecting channel (15; 17; 24) which connects the first pressure face (25) and the second pressure face (26) and is formed in the valve plate (12).

US Pat. No. 9,885,590

METHOD FOR ASCERTAINING A POSITION OF A ROTOR OF AN ELECTRICAL MACHINE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for ascertaining a position of a rotor relative to a stator of an electrical machine having a permanently excited
rotor and a plurality of windings for the stator or vice versa, the method comprising:
inducing, in response to an energization of at least one of the windings, a change in an inductance of the winding;
determining, via a processing unit, the change in the inductance of the winding; and
ascertaining, via the processing unit, based on the change in the inductance of the winding, the position of the rotor relative
to the stator;

wherein the processing unit determines a change in the inductance of the at least one winding by ascertaining a change in
the magnetic flux density induced by the energization using a plurality of current pulses,

wherein the current used to energize the winding is so low in magnitude that the rotor of the electrical machine does not
rotate,

wherein the processing unit drives a circuit configuration having switches for connecting the plurality of windings to a voltage,
and

wherein the ascertained position of the rotor relative to the stator is used for an initial commutation process during an
operation of the electrical machine, so as to prevent the rotor from rotating briefly in a wrong direction when the electrical
machine is switched on.

US Pat. No. 9,880,278

OBJECT DETERMINATION USING A RADAR SENSOR

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining an object in a surroundings of a motor vehicle, comprising:
scanning a far range of the surroundings using a radar sensor for scanning the far range, wherein the far range begins at
a predetermined minimum distance from the radar sensor;

detecting, for each of a plurality of time periods, objects in the far range based on reflections of a radar signal emitted
by the radar sensor;

comparing, for at least one of the plurality of time periods, to at least one corresponding threshold value, at least one
of: a proportion of a number of the detected objects in the far range in at least one previous time period still detected
in the at least one time period, a sum over the at least one time period and a predetermined number of previous time periods
of a number of objects no longer able to be detected in the far range relative to a number of objects detected in the far
range for at least one previous time period, or a change in the number of the detected objects in the far range relative to
a number of detected objects in the far range for at least one previous time period; and

determining a presence of a crossing object in a close range, which lies between the radar sensor and the far range, as a
function of the comparing.

US Pat. No. 9,883,148

COLOR MASK FOR AN IMAGE SENSOR OF A VEHICLE CAMERA

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A color mask for an image sensor of a vehicle camera, the image sensor having a matrix of sensor pixels, the color mask
comprising:
a matrix configuration of filter pixels having different spectral transmission behaviors, the matrix configuration sized to
overlay the matrix of sensor pixels, the filter pixels including at least one transparent filter pixel that is transparent
for optical light and at least one color filter pixel having a wavelength-selective transmission behavior, each of the filter
pixels of the matrix configuration configured to sit in front of a corresponding sensor pixel of the image sensor,

wherein the matrix configuration has a central area having a first color pattern and at least one second area having a second
color pattern, the at least one second area including an upper area of the matrix configuration above the central area; and

wherein the first color pattern and the second color pattern are different repeating configurations of the filter pixels,
the first color pattern contains transparent and color filter pixels, the first color pattern has a larger relative proportion
of transparent filter pixels than the second color pattern, and

the second color pattern is configured as a full-color pattern without any transparent filter pixels.

US Pat. No. 9,874,884

VALVE BLOCK HAVING A VALVE ASSEMBLY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A valve assembly, comprising:
a plurality of control valves, each control valve including a control piston configured to control a direction and speed of
a respective consumer connected to the valve assembly, the control piston forming a metering orifice, and the plurality of
control valves separated into a first subset of control valves and a second subset of control valves;

a respective pressure compensator assigned to each control valve such that a pressure upstream of the metering orifice and
a pressure downstream of the metering orifice of each control valve is signaled to the respective pressure compensator,

each pressure compensator configured to regulate a pressure gradient at the metering orifice of the assigned control valve
toward a constant value irrespective of a load of the respective consumer, and

the pressure downstream of the metering orifice of each control valve registered, in each case, to the respective pressure
compensator by a respective load-sensing flow path;

a shuttle valve that includes an outlet connection, and that is configured to connect the respective load-sensing flow path
of the first subset of control valves having a highest pressure to the outlet connection of the shuttle valve;

a pressure-limiting valve disposed downstream of the outlet connection of the shuttle valve, and configured to limit the highest
pressure of the load-sensing flow paths of the first subset of control valves, the second subset of control valves disposed
downstream of the pressure-limiting valve such that the pressure limiting valve is disposed between the first subset and the
second subset; and

a restrictor disposed in a fluid connection parallel to the pressure-limiting valve.

US Pat. No. 9,876,306

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MODULAR ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY FOR A CONTROL UNIT IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for producing a modular electrical connector assembly for a control unit in a motor vehicle, the method comprising:
providing a module carrier; and
providing at least a first connector module and a second connector module
placing one of the respective connector modules in an opening in the module carrier;
precisely positioning the connector module relative to the module carrier,
pressing the connector module against the module carrier; and
laser welding the connector module to the module carrier in an attachment region;
wherein the connector assembly includes the module carrier, in which the first connector module and the second connector module
are disposed side-by-side on the module carrier, wherein both the first connector module and the second connector module each
have a connector housing collar which projects in a direction away from the module carrier and is formed to receive an electrical
connector, wherein the first connector module and the second connector module each have a plurality of contact elements disposed
in a contact area within the respective connector housing collar and formed to cooperate with complementary mating contact
elements of the respective electrical connector,

wherein the module carrier and the connector modules are made of different materials, and
wherein a laser is used for the laser welding, and wherein a laser beam of the laser is absorbed considerably less in a material
of a component selected from one of the module carrier and the connector modules than in a material of a component selected
from another one of the module carrier and the connector modules.

US Pat. No. 9,876,353

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING ELECTRICAL POWER

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for transmitting electrical power between an energy supply grid and an energy consumer or energy generation unit
coupled to the energy supply grid, the method comprising:
detecting a line frequency of the energy supply grid,
measuring a mains voltage of the energy supply grid,
determining a discrepancy between the line frequency and a rated frequency of the energy supply grid which is assigned to
the line frequency,

defining a control range between a first and a second threshold value for the line frequency, the rated frequency being outside
the control range,

controlling the power transmission within the control range on the basis of the discrepancy, and
when the discrepancy exceeds the control range, interrupting the power transmission on the basis of the measured mains voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,870,020

ACCELERATOR PEDAL UNIT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An accelerator pedal unit comprising
an accelerator pedal (1);

an actuator (2);

a gearing mechanism (24) provided between the actuator (2) and the accelerator pedal (1);

a control lever (11);

a control shaft (3) via which the actuator (2) is configured to transmit a restoring torque to the accelerator pedal (1), wherein a first torque of the control shaft (3) is transmitted to the accelerator pedal (1) via a damping element (10) and the control lever (11);

a rotationally fixed housing section (21); and

a positioning spring (20) which is attached with a first end to the housing section (21) and acts with a second end, which is opposite the first end, on the control lever (11).

US Pat. No. 9,859,823

METHOD FOR ASCERTAINING THE PHASE CURRENTS OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE HAVING A POWER CONVERTER

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for ascertaining the phase currents of an electric machine having a power converter and a stator with a phase
number of at least four, the power converter including a plurality of high-side switching elements and a plurality of low-side
switching elements, the method comprising:
operating the power converter of the electric machine according to one of a pulse width modulation activation pattern and
a block activation pattern, wherein each one of the pulse width modulation activation pattern and the block activation pattern
includes an operating state in which at least two of the low-side switching elements are activated;

measuring phase currents of a selected number of measuring phases during the operating state, the selected number being at
least two and being lower by at least two than the phase number, wherein the measured phase currents are measured from at
least two of the measuring phases associated with the activated low-side switching elements during the operating state, and
wherein a remainder of the low-side switching elements that are not the activated low-side switching elements during the operating
state are non-conductive while the measuring is performed; and

arithmetically determining the phase currents of the remaining phases from the measured phase currents, wherein at least the
measured phase currents, a spatial angle of the measuring phases and a spatial angle of the remaining phases are used for
the arithmetical determination.

US Pat. No. 9,856,096

TRANSPORTING ARRANGEMENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A transporting arrangement (1), comprising
at least one guide system having a fixed guide rail (4) and supporting elements (6) guided on the guide rail (4),

at least one transporting unit (5), which can be moved in a movement direction (8) and on which the supporting elements are fastened, wherein the transporting unit (5) is guided on the guide rail (4) by at least two of the supporting elements (6),

a linear motor drive arrangement having a fixed stator unit (3) and at least one magnetic element (15) on the transporting unit (5),

wherein a vertical guide plane (16) is defined, which runs parallel to the movement direction (8) and through a center of the guide system,

wherein a vertical motor plane (17) is defined, which runs parallel to the movement direction (8) and through a center of the linear motor drive arrangement,

wherein a basic body (11) of the transporting unit (5) is arranged between the guide plane (16) and the motor plane (17),

wherein the transporting unit (5) extends in a U-shaped manner across the stator unit (3),

wherein the at least one magnetic element (15) includes first and second magnetic elements (15) disposed respectively on the transporting unit (5) on opposite sides of the motor plane (17), and

wherein the transporting unit (5) is asymmetrical in a cross section defined perpendicularly to the movement direction (8) and the guide system is only on one side of the motor plane (17).

US Pat. No. 9,850,120

MICROMECHANICAL COMPONENT HAVING A DIAPHRAGM

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A micromechanical component, comprising:
at least one diaphragm which extends entirely across a cavern in the component, the component having a layered structure,
wherein the diaphragm includes a top side and a bottom side, and wherein the cavern faces the bottom side; and

a plurality of connecting contacts inside the diaphragm, the connecting contacts including at least one pair of connecting
contacts separated by an area of the diaphragm extending across the cavern, such that a voltage applied to the pair of connecting
contacts generates a current from a first one of the pair of connecting contacts, directly through the separating area, and
into a second one of the pair of connecting contacts, wherein the current is indicative of a resistance of the diaphragm such
that a change in the resistance caused by a crack extending from the bottom side towards the top side is reflected in the
current;

wherein the component includes a layered structure having a semiconductor substrate, and an epitaxial layer on the semiconductor
substrate,

wherein the diaphragm is implemented in the epitaxial layer,
wherein the connecting contacts are each implemented in the form of a doped semiconductor area which extend into the epitaxial
layer, and wherein the doped area is electrically contacted via a metal contact on a component surface to energize the diaphragm,

wherein the connecting contacts are between and girded by an insulation doping in the epitaxial layer to electrically decouple
the diaphragm from other areas of the component, and

wherein the connecting contacts have a same doping type as the epitaxial layer, the connecting contacts being doped more strongly
than the epitaxial layer.

US Pat. No. 9,829,357

MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SENSOR MODULE AND CORRESPONDING PRODUCTION METHOD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A microelectromechanical sensor module comprising:
a sensing mechanism configured to measure one or more of an acceleration, a pressure, and an air humidity;
a control mechanism configured to control the sensor module;
a power supply mechanism configured to supply power to the sensor module; and
a transmission mechanism configured to transmit signals from the sensing mechanism,
wherein at least three of the mechanisms are integrated at the chip level with each of the at least three mechanisms in a
respective chip, and

wherein at least two of the mechanisms are arranged in a first chip of the respective chips.

US Pat. No. 9,829,139

METHOD OF DAMPENING PRESSURE PULSATIONS IN A WORKING FLUID WITHIN A CONDUIT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of actively compensating for pressure changes of a working fluid within a conduit, the method comprising:
providing a first cavity in fluid communication with the conduit, a second cavity in fluid communication with a control fluid,
and a plunger in communication with both the first cavity and the second cavity and movable in response to pressure changes
of the working fluid in the conduit;

controlling the flow of the control fluid into and out of the second cavity with a control valve; and
re-centering the plunger to maximize the plunger travel available for compensation of pressure changes of the working fluid
in the conduit, the re-centering including:

collecting position data representative of the movement of the plunger over an elapsed time period,
analyzing the position data with a control unit to determine an average position of the plunger which is offset relative to
a center position in which available plunger displacement is equal in both directions,

comparing, with the control unit, the average position of the plunger to the center position, and
relaying a re-centering signal from the control unit to the control valve to urge the plunger toward the center position.

US Pat. No. 9,827,964

PNEUMATIC BRAKE BOOSTER

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A pneumatic brake booster, comprising:
a drive piston connected by a membrane to a brake booster cylinder to subdivide the brake booster cylinder into a forward
chamber and a rear chamber and operate by a pressure drop to push a piston of a master cylinder by means of a push rod, the
pressure drop in the brake booster cylinder driving the drive piston being controlled by a plunger valve actuated by the movement
of a control rod connected to a brake pedal, the drive piston being thrust into rest position by a return spring supported
by a wall of the brake booster cylinder; and

a vibration damper, included with the return spring, wherein the vibration damper includes a part made of an elastic material
working compressively, of parallelepipedic external shape, with a length greater than a spacing of two neighboring coils of
the return spring prior to installation in the brake booster and whose front and back faces are each equipped with a longitudinal
slit penetrating the material mass of the vibration damper, for engagement by way of the two longitudinal slits on the two
neighboring coils of the return spring, wherein each of the longitudinal slits penetrates into the material mass of the vibration
damper to a respective depth, and the length of the vibration damper minus a sum of the respective depths is less than a spacing
of the two neighboring coils of the return spring at rest.