US Pat. No. 10,057,728

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR WIRELESS VEHICLE LOCATION ASSISTANCE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a processor configured to:
detect a user device wireless signal, at a plurality of vehicle antennas;
determine a primary return vector antenna based on the detected wireless signal;
periodically broadcast a vehicle wireless signal from the plurality of antennas;
detect communication from the user device confirming a received vehicle wireless signal; and
begin responsively broadcasting most frequently from an antenna that sent the vehicle wireless signal received by the device.

US Pat. No. 10,054,145

CLEARANCE HOLE FOR SELF-PIERCING RIVET

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for attaching layers of material together comprising:a self-piercing rivet including a head, a body, and a tail, said body having a body diameter and a bore formed therein, said bore extending from said tail and terminating at said head, said self-piercing rivet further including a sloped surface formed at an intersection of said body and said head;
a layer having a clearance hole through which said self-piercing rivet passes during assembly, said clearance hole having a hole diameter; and
a layer free of a clearance hole and into which said self-piercing rivet is at least partially inserted,
wherein, in an assembled condition, said hole diameter is larger than said body diameter and said head of said self-piercing rivet extends partially above said layer having said clearance hole.

US Pat. No. 10,047,705

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING VEHICLE EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:operating an engine;
when an engine is operating, routing vapors from a fuel tank through a purge valve, and routing desorbed vapors from a vapor adsorbent through the purge valve, into the engine for combustion, the desorbed vapors desorbed from the vapor adsorbent via fresh air routed through a three-way vent valve positioned between the vapor adsorbent and atmosphere;
not operating the engine; and
when the engine is not operating, changing the routing so that fuel tank vapors are routed through the vapor adsorbent for adsorption and then to an intake manifold of the engine without being routed through the purge valve, the fuel tank vapors routed from the vapor adsorbent to the intake manifold via the three-way vent valve.

US Pat. No. 10,049,512

VEHICLE PUDDLE LIGHTS FOR ONBOARD DIAGNOSTICS PROJECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A diagnostic system of a vehicle, comprising:a control unit onboard the vehicle for controlling at least one of a vehicle system and a vehicle subsystem and configured for self-diagnosis;
a device for prompting the control unit to report diagnostic data;
a light source onboard the vehicle and operable to project a diagnostic image onto a viewing surface; and
a controller in communication with the device and operably coupled to the light source, wherein the diagnostic image is stored on a server and the controller is configured to retrieve the diagnostic image from the server and operate the light source to project the diagnostic image.

US Pat. No. 10,040,455

VEHICLE PARK MECHANISM ACTUATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an engine;
a vehicle park mechanism; and
a controller configured initiate an auto-stop of the engine in response to an auto-stop condition, and to actuate the vehicle park mechanism in response to a driver exit condition and the engine being auto-stopped.

US Pat. No. 10,041,552

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING A VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONER USING A PRESSURE SENSOR LOCATED WITHIN A COMPRESSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a vehicle air conditioning system, comprising:disengaging a compressor clutch in response to a compressor inlet pressure below a first threshold pressure; and
increasing a condenser fan speed in response to a compressor outlet pressure above a second threshold pressure, wherein both the compressor inlet and outlet pressures are estimated from a pressure sensor located within a compression chamber of a compressor by isolating a low pressure component from a high pressure component of a pressure sensor output.

US Pat. No. 10,035,392

SELF-CLOSING ELECTRIC SOCKET COVER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

19. A computer comprising a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the processor such that the computer is programmed to:actuate an electric socket mounted to a vehicle exterior of to close upon determining that the vehicle's speed exceeds a predetermined threshold, that a cover is open, that the electric socket is in an electrically disengaged state; and that a vehicle hitch is in a decoupled state.

US Pat. No. 10,036,433

CLUTCH FOR CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A continuously variable transmission comprising:a first shaft driveably connected to a power-plant and including a first pair of sheave disks;
a second shaft including a second pair of sheave disks;
a tension member connected to the first and second pairs of disks such that power is transmittable between the first and second shafts; and
a third shaft selectively driveably connected to the second shaft via a clutch, the clutch including:
an inner race fixed to one of the second and third shafts and defining a cam surface;
an outer race fixed to a gear and having an inner surface circumscribing the inner race;
at least one pawl configured to engage with the cam surface and biased into engagement with the cam surface to couple the races in a fixed relationship for common rotation;
an electric coil; and
an armature configured to engage the pawl to decouple the races in response to current being supplied to the electric coil.

US Pat. No. 10,035,444

CUP HOLDER ASSEMBLIES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cup holder assembly comprising:a pair of bodies each defining a rim and having a retaining feature;
a hinge pivotally connecting the planar bodies such that the bodies are movable between a folded position in which the rims are stacked on top of each other and a deployed position in which the rims are side-by-side, wherein one of the bodies defines a recessed area that receives the other of the bodies when in the folded position; and
a pair of fabric pouches each attached to one of the rims and each having a metal plate, wherein each of the pouches includes a stowed position in which the pouch is folded up and contained within a corresponding one of the bodies with the metal plate secured by the retaining feature.

US Pat. No. 10,036,288

REGENERATIVE BRAKING POWER TO OPERATE VEHICLE ELECTRIC HEATER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an electric machine that recharges a battery through regenerative braking;
an electric heater configured to heat powertrain and engine oils, and engine coolant; and
a controller programmed to, in response to a temperature of the powertrain oil exceeding a threshold and a temperature of the engine coolant exceeding an engine coolant threshold, direct regenerative braking power to the electric heater to selectively heat the engine or powertrain oils.

US Pat. No. 10,024,750

CLEANING CYCLE FOR CAPLESS REFUELING NECK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for a vehicle fuel system, comprising: a fuel tank comprising a capless refueling assembly;a fuel vapor canister coupled to the fuel tank via a fuel tank isolation valve; a vacuum pump coupled to the fuel vapor canister via a canister vent valve; and a controller configured with instructions stored in non-transitory memory, that when executed cause the controller to:
following a refueling event, open the fuel tank isolation valve; open the canister vent valve;
activate the vacuum pump to draw a vacuum greater than a threshold on the fuel tank without checking for a leak; and then draw a vacuum on the fuel tank to check for a leak; where the threshold is based on a minimum vacuum necessary to vent the capless refueling assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,018,220

CONNECTING ROD FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of assembling a connecting rod comprising:inserting upper and lower bearing shells into a big end having a lower face height as a function of an upper face height, a face-to-face width, and a strap height and width; and
fastening a cap at a specified load thereby deforming to form a convex axial profile of the upper and lower bearing shells to a convex axial profile from a free state with a straight axial profile and uniform cross-section.

US Pat. No. 10,018,267

VEHICLE TRANSMISSION CONTROL MODULE RESET DETECTION AND MITIGATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a transmission having a controller in communication with shift actuators and programmed to, in response to each controller reset less than a threshold number of resets, control each of the shift actuators that was not moving when the reset occurred based on respective shift actuator positions stored prior to the reset, and in response to the reset exceeding the threshold, control the shift actuators to limit available gear ratios.

US Pat. No. 10,011,232

INTEGRATED RUNNING BOARD AND SIDE SKIRT SYSTEM AND RELATED METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An integrated running board and side skirt system for a motor vehicle, comprising:a combined running board and side skirt; and
a control module displacing said combined running board and side skirt between a stowed position, a running board position and an aero-skirt position;
wherein the aero-skirt position is adapted to divert air from flowing underneath the motor vehicle to along an undercarriage, thereby reducing aerodynamic drag of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,011,233

CARGO MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INCORPORATING S-SHAPED CHANNELS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cargo management system for a cargo area of a motor vehicle, comprising:a first S-shaped mounting element on a first sidewall of the cargo area;
a second S-shaped mounting element on a second sidewall of the cargo area; and
a partition extending between said first S-shaped mounting element and said second S-shaped mounting element, said partition being configurable into multiple operating positions.

US Pat. No. 10,011,240

VEHICLE CONSOLE WITH COUPLED MOTION AND ENHANCED STORAGE CAPABILITIES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus for an interior vehicle compartment;a seat movable in a travel direction;
a seat actuator for moving the seat in the travel direction;
a console movable in the travel direction; and
a console actuator for moving the console in the travel direction in coordination with movement of the seat.

US Pat. No. 10,012,137

DIAGNOSTIC METHOD FOR A COMPRESSOR RECIRCULATION VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a boosted engine, comprising:determining engine operating conditions;
sending a commanded position to a throttle of a compressor recirculation valve (CRV); and
differentiating between degradation of the throttle of the CRV and a position sensor of the CRV based on each of a throttle inlet pressure and the commanded position of the throttle of the CRV.

US Pat. No. 10,012,166

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING A POSTIVE CRANKCASE VENTILATION VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:controlling a fluid flow from a crankcase of an engine to an intake manifold of the engine via a positive crankcase ventilation valve; and
in a first condition, indicating whether the positive crankcase valve is stuck open responsive to spinning the engine unfueled in a reverse direction; and
in a second condition, indicating whether the positive crankcase valve is stuck closed responsive to spinning the engine fueled in a forward direction.

US Pat. No. 10,012,201

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A STOP/START VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

16. A vehicle system, comprising:an engine including a starter motor;
a battery selectively supplying charge to the starter motor; and
a controller including executable instructions stored in non-transitory memory to predict an engine cranking time while the engine is rotating and prohibit automatic stopping of the engine in response to the predicted engine cranking time exceeding a threshold, and instructions to automatically start the engine in response to the predicted engine cranking time exceeding the threshold while the engine is stopped due to an automatic engine stop.

US Pat. No. 10,006,354

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VARIABLE TONGUE SPACING IN A MULTI-CHANNEL TURBINE IN A CHARGED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a charged engine, comprising:determining engine operating conditions, and
when conditions are below a threshold, displacing an annular support in a translational fashion along a rotatable shaft of a turbine from a rest position to a first working position, wherein in the first working position at least one tongue element of the support abuts against and lengthens a free tongue-like end of a turbine housing wall that separates two adjacent channels of the turbine from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,006,376

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENGINE CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

16. An engine system, comprising:an engine;
a variable valve timing mechanism for adjusting valve timing of the engine;
a torque converter coupled to the engine;
a transmission including a shaft positioned downstream of the torque converter, the transmission coupled to the torque converter; and
a controller including instructions for adjusting the variable valve timing mechanism to adjust intake valve timing during an engine stop based on a transmission torque downstream of the torque converter.

US Pat. No. 9,998,695

AUTOMOTIVE IMAGING SYSTEM INCLUDING AN ELECTRONIC IMAGE SENSOR HAVING A SPARSE COLOR FILTER ARRAY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An automobile comprising:a frame; and
an imaging system supported by the frame and including:
a camera including a lens and an image sensor having a sparse color filter array, the camera configured to generate image data based on light incident on the sensor, the lens having an f-stop higher than f/2.4;
a controller configured to generate an image using the image data; and
a display device configured to display the image.

US Pat. No. 9,994,089

VEHICLE CURTAIN

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a lift gate operable between open and closed positions and comprising:
an interior trim panel; and
a track assembly positioned on a perimeter of the interior trim panel; and
a curtain coupled to the track assembly and configured to hang from the lift gate in the open position.

US Pat. No. 9,997,846

WINDOW ELECTRICAL TERMINALS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a window defining an exterior surface and an interior surface;
an electrical bus positioned on the interior surface;
an electrical component positioned on the window and electrically coupled with the electrical bus; and
an electrical terminal positioned on the electrical bus, comprising:
a connector electrically coupled with the electrical bus;
a first adhesive positioned around a perimeter of a second adhesive, wherein the first and second adhesives are positioned between the connector and the electrical bus; and
a conformal coating positioned over the connector and the adhesive.

US Pat. No. 9,988,103

TAILGATE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR ACCESSING A CARGO BOX OF A PICKUP TRUCK HITCHED TO A TRAILER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of lowering a tailgate when hitched to a trailer, comprising:displacing a section of said tailgate to form a clearance opening in said tailgate by sliding said section of said tailgate laterally;
folding said tailgate into a lowered position; and
accommodating a component of said trailer in said clearance opening when said tailgate is folded and lowered.

US Pat. No. 9,982,646

HEATING ELEMENT OPERATION AND ENGINE START-STOP AVAILABILITY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a heating element coupled to a rear visibility component;
an engine; and
a controller programmed to auto-start and auto-stop the engine and, while the engine is on and the heating element is activated, responsive to receiving an auto-stop received while the heating element has been activated less than a predetermined time, inhibit auto-stop of the engine and, upon expiration of the predetermined time, continue activating the heating element and auto-stop the engine.

US Pat. No. 9,981,631

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR STARTING A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for enabling vehicle propulsion, comprising:enabling propulsion of a vehicle after propulsion of the vehicle is deactivated in response to confirming presence of a driver via a key fob, confirming more than a threshold force is applied to a brake pedal, and shifting the vehicle from park or neutral into a forward or reverse propulsion mode,
where the threshold force applied to the brake pedal is a force sufficient to stop vehicle motion.

US Pat. No. 9,981,656

VEHICLE PARKING ASSIST SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A parking assist system for a vehicle, comprising:a parking controller configured to output a static or dynamic distance to target signal, wherein the static or dynamic distance to target signal is based on the position of the vehicle relative to a target parking location;
a scheduler configured to accept the distance to target signal and output a distance error signal based on either the static signal and a linear distance traveled by the vehicle or the dynamic signal, wherein the distance error signal is based on the distance between the vehicle and the target parking location; and
a control module configured to longitudinally control parking of the vehicle based on the error signal and operated in a first mode in a proportional-integral control and is configured to determine a brake torque based on a difference between a vehicle velocity and a reference velocity, a second mode in a proportional-derivative control based on the distance error signal and a third mode which increases brake torque inversely proportional to the distance error signal.

US Pat. No. 9,981,657

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE PARKING AND TRANSITION TO MANUAL CONTROL

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising a computer having a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the processor such that the computer is programmed to:control each of an autonomous vehicle propulsion, steering, and braking, whereby the vehicle is subject to autonomous control;
make a first determination, based on data from a vehicle sensor, of availability of a vehicle parking area; and
after making the first determination of the availability of the parking area, then make a second determination that vehicle operation is not nominal;
actuate the vehicle, based on the first determination and the second determination, to autonomously park the vehicle in the parking area;
receive a request from an occupant to control of the autonomous vehicle;
transfer control of the autonomous vehicle to the occupant;
collect biometric data of the occupant;
compare the biometric data with a known set of occupant biometric data;
compare the autonomous vehicle propulsion, steering, and braking with an input of propulsion, steering, and braking from the occupant; and
based on the of the comparison of the biometric data with the known set of occupant biometric data, and the comparison of the autonomous vehicle propulsion, steering, and braking with the input of propulsion, steering, and braking from the occupant, transition control of the autonomous control of the vehicle to the occupant.

US Pat. No. 9,981,690

TARGET-BASED TRAILER BACKUP COLLISION MITIGATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

16. A method for assisting a vehicle in reversing a trailer, comprising:selecting a baseline image from a plurality of sequential images received from a camera mounted to the vehicle during a straight driving interval;
determining a vehicle-trailer collision angle based on a location of a target on the trailer in the baseline image corresponding with a determined steady-state condition; and
controlling a steering system of the vehicle to maintain a trailer hitch angle at or below a maximum controllable angle or below the collision angle, whichever is lesser.

US Pat. No. 9,976,625

PENDULUM CRANK CYCLOID INSERT FOR PENDULUM CRANKSHAFT HAVING INTEGRAL CARRIER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A pendulum crankshaft for an internal combustion engine, comprising:a crankshaft;
a first pendulum-holding ear formed on said crankshaft;
a first steel cycloid insert fitted to said first pendulum holding ear, said first cycloid insert having a first cycloid path formed therethrough;
a first interlock pin to secure said first cycloid insert into said first pendulum holding ear;
a second pendulum-holding ear formed next to and spaced apart from said first pendulum-holding ear on said crankshaft;
a second steel cycloid insert fitted to said second pendulum-holding ear, said second cycloid insert having a second cycloid path formed therethrough;
a second interlock pin to secure said second cycloid insert into said second pendulum-holding ear;
a pendulum movably attached to said first and second pendulum-holding ears, said pendulum including recessed areas, a pair of stops formed as interior surfaces opposite said ears, and a respective bumper provided in each of said stops and partially extending into a respective one of said recessed areas; and
a first rolling pin fitted through said first cycloid path for attachment of said pendulum to said first pendulum-holding ear and a second rolling pin fitted through said second cycloid path for attachment of said pendulum to said second pendulum-holding ear.

US Pat. No. 9,976,645

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF TRANSFERRING HEAT BETWEEN TRANSMISSION FLUID AND COOLANT IN OIL PAN

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A motor vehicle comprising:an engine;
a transmission; and
a system for transferring heat between a transmission fluid and a coolant including:
a transmission pump configured to circulate the transmission fluid; and
an oil pan including a heat exchanger, the heat exchanger having at least one transmission fluid layer and at least one coolant layer, whereby heat is transferred between the transmission fluid and the coolant, wherein the heat exchanger is located on a high-pressure side of the transmission pump and is configured to receive a pressurized flow of the transmission fluid from the transmission pump.

US Pat. No. 9,977,431

AUTOMOTIVE DRONE DEPLOYMENT SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a plurality of sensors, including one or more leading sensors configured to sense external objects leading the vehicle, and processor(s) configured to:
determine a vehicle speed;
estimate a leading sensing range of the one or more leading sensors;
determine a desired leading sensing range of the one or more leading sensors;
compare the estimated leading sensing range with the desired leading sensing range;
transmit an instruction to a drone based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 9,976,935

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EVALUATING STRUCTURAL VEHICLE COMPONENT PERFORMANCE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle side impact simulation assembly comprising:a rocker secured to a continuous wall, a b-pillar extending from the rocker, and a roof rail secured to the b-pillar and the continuous wall;
a translatable sled to impact the b-pillar; and
one or more rocker displacement members secured to the continuous wall to contact the rocker to simulate a full vehicle stiffness when the rocker receives an impact force from the sled.

US Pat. No. 9,976,936

TESTING FIXTURE FOR VEHICLE IMPACT SIMULATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A fixture comprising:a vehicle body;
a tube connected to the vehicle body and elongated along an axis transverse to the vehicle body, the tube having an open end;
a piston slideably disposed in the tube and slideable relative to the tube along the axis, the piston extending from the tube at the open end;
a seat belt D-ring mounted to the piston, the piston extending along the axis from the open end of the tube to the seat belt D-ring;
the tube and the piston each defining holes, the holes of the tube and the holes of the piston being positioned so that at least any one of the holes of the tube is aligned with at least any one of the holes of the tube when the piston is in multiple positions along the axis in the tube; and
a pin engageable with the holes when the holes are aligned.

US Pat. No. 9,975,569

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRIC POWER STEERING ASSIST

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle system comprising:a controller configured to, during an engine auto stop event, continuously reduce at a first rate available electric power steering system current to a non-zero threshold value before fuel to an engine is shut off and continuously reduce at a second rate different than the first rate the available electric power steering system current from the non-zero threshold value to 0 after fuel to the engine is shut off.

US Pat. No. 9,970,367

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TARGETED HEATING IN AN EVAPORATIVE FUEL VAPOR CANISTER PURGE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A downloadable software code that operates on a vehicle computer with the method comprising:reading an operating condition of the vehicle,
adjusting a frequency and/or amplitude of ultrasonic waves applied to a fuel vapor canister of the vehicle from an ultrasonic wave generator coupled to the canister based on the vehicle operating condition.

US Pat. No. 9,969,389

ENHANCED VEHICLE OPERATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising a computer including a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the computer to:determine a sensor confidence value that is a measure of reliability of roadway data collected by a sensor in a lane assist subsystem in a vehicle;
upon determining that the sensor confidence value is below a confidence value threshold, then determine a section curvature for a section of a roadway, the section curvature including at least one section start point and at least one section end point, wherein the section curvature is determined based at least in part on a heading angle, the heading angle defining an angle between a projected line of travel of the vehicle and a line segment from a vehicle position to the section end point;
replace a lane boundary distance determined by the roadway data collected for the lane assist subsystem for the section of the roadway by predicting a distance to a lane boundary based at least in part on the determined section curvature; and
actuate one or more vehicle subsystems to operate in the section of the roadway based at least in part on the predicted distance to the lane boundary in the section of the roadway.

US Pat. No. 9,969,403

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PREDICTIVE DRIVING-MODE LEARNING AND ENABLEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a processor configured to:
access driver-specific driving-mode-change data for a current vehicle location;
determine, based on the accessed data, if a vehicle driving-mode-change at the vehicle location previously occurred sufficiently to cross a predefined threshold ratio of occurrences to number of instances the vehicle was at the vehicle location; and
if the vehicle driving-mode-change occurred more than the threshold ratio, automatically change a vehicle driving-mode to a driving-mode associated with the driving-mode-change.

US Pat. No. 9,963,028

BATTERY SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electrified vehicle comprising:a body structure defining a support surface and a crush space adjacent the support surface;
a traction battery for providing power to a powertrain; and
a battery support structure having
at least one hinge mechanism secured to the traction battery and to the support surface to permit rotational movement of the traction battery relative to the support surface,
a guide rail secured to the support surface,
a slide rail disposed in engagement with the guide rail and slidable relative to the guide rail, and
at least one linkage rotatably secured at a first end to the slide rail and rotatably secured at a second end to the traction battery;
wherein in a first configuration, the slide rail extends along a side wall of the traction battery, beyond a terminal face of the traction battery, and into the crush space, and wherein in the first configuration, movement of the slide rail relative to the guide rail is inhibited by a shear pin.

US Pat. No. 9,957,924

EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS SYSTEM CHECK VALVE MONITOR FOR GTDI ENGINES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a vehicle comprising:evacuating a fuel system, including a fuel tank that supplies fuel to an engine, and an evaporative emissions system, including a fuel vapor storage canister for storing vapors from the tank, under a first condition and a second condition through respective first and second check valves during a single drive cycle;
diagnosing a plurality of fuel system and evaporative emissions system components based on a vacuum level reached during both the first and second conditions;
responsive to the vacuum level reaching a predetermined threshold vacuum level in the first condition, indicating the first check valve is not stuck closed; and
responsive to the vacuum level reaching the predetermined threshold vacuum level in the second condition, indicating the second check valve is not stuck closed.

US Pat. No. 9,956,674

REPLACEMENT TOOL FOR DRIVESHAFT YOKE BUSHINGS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A bushing replacement tool comprising:a guide fixture configured to attach to a driveshaft yoke in a predetermined relation to a bushing bore for press fitting of a bushing, wherein the guide fixture comprises a top plate having a guide chamber facing the bushing bore and a first threaded passage aligned with the guide chamber;
a traveler comprising a plunger slidingly received in the guide chamber at one end and a sleeve member at the other end, wherein the sleeve member includes a socket configured to receive the bushing, wherein the plunger has a second threaded passage coaxially aligned with the first threaded passage, wherein the first threaded passage has a diameter greater than the second threaded passage, wherein the sleeve member has a transverse shaft receiving a lock bolt for selectably capturing the bushing in the socket;
a removal bolt received in the first threaded passage and the second threaded passage when the tool is in a removal configuration, the removal bolt having a shaft matching the second threaded passage and a head for transmitting a force against the top plate in response to rotation in the second threaded passage;
an installation bolt received in the first threaded passage when the tool is in an installation configuration, the installation bolt having a shaft matching the first threaded passage; and
a push plug in the guide chamber when the tool is in the installation configuration to transfer force from the installation bolt to the plunger in response to rotation of the installation bolt in the first threaded passage.

US Pat. No. 9,960,438

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD TO PREVENT WATER-INDUCED DAMAGE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a controller programmed to direct an oxygen-containing airflow to a cathode through a first conduit and a hydrogen flow to an anode through a second conduit and, responsive to a shutdown request, concurrently:
provide a reduced hydrogen flow to the anode;
maintain a first portion of the oxygen-containing airflow to the cathode; and
redirect a second portion of the oxygen-containing airflow through a third conduit to the second conduit.

US Pat. No. 9,951,789

BLOWER ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A blower assembly, comprising:a housing having a scrolled wall;
a motor having an output shaft extending within said housing;
an impeller positioned within said housing and mounted to said output shaft for creating an airflow along an airflow path within said housing;
an airflow outlet; and
a scroll cut-off positioned between said scrolled wall and said air flow outlet, said scroll cut-off forming a substantially continuous wall with said scrolled wall and said air flow outlet, and wherein said scroll cut-off is a membrane inflatable via a valve in fluid communication with said membrane, which membrane is substantially taut in a first position and relaxed in a second position.

US Pat. No. 9,950,592

LINE REGISTER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle air register, comprising:an airflow path through an opening from a duct to a vehicle interior, the opening having length and width, wherein the length is at least three times the width;
a cover, having a partition separating a compartment from the airflow path, and wherein the cover is configured to rotate between closed and open, wherein the closed cover is semi-cylindrical on a surface facing the vehicle interior and covers the opening, and wherein the cover rotates around a pivot point; and
a plurality of vanes oriented substantially perpendicular to the length of the register, wherein no portion of the plurality of vanes extends toward the vehicle interior past the pivot point.

US Pat. No. 9,950,449

PROCESS AND TOOL FOR FORMING A VEHICLE COMPONENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A process comprising:forming an insert comprising a metal wall, metal shell, and lost core by positioning the metal wall and the lost core in a first tool and casting the metal shell around the lost core such that the metal wall contacts both the lost core and the metal shell, a thickness of the metal wall being greater than a thickness of the metal shell;
positioning the insert into at least two dies of a second tool after said forming;
closing the dies around the insert to constrain movement of the insert relative to the second tool in at least four degrees of freedom;
injecting material into the second tool to form a vehicle component including said injected material, the metal wall, and the metal shell; and
removing the lost core after said injecting to provide a cooling passage in the component, the cooling passage defined by the metal wall and the metal shell, and the metal wall being configured to conduct heat from the vehicle component to the cooling passage.

US Pat. No. 9,944,331

PERFORATED DEFORMATION REGION FOR A VEHICLE HOOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hood for a vehicle comprising:an inner panel of the hood having a deformation region on at least a portion of the inner panel, the deformation region defining a plurality of perforations that tears at an area between the perforations, the perforations being defined in an array to form a symbol that constitutes at least a partial outer periphery of the deformation region such that upon impact, the deformation region breaks along the outer periphery at the area between the perforations.

US Pat. No. 9,944,186

HYBRID TRUCK AND HYBRID TRUCK ACCESSORY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a cargo bed having first and second sides extending upward;
first and second top covers disposed on tops of the first and second sides and defining first and second slots, respectively;
a first open electrical circuit having a battery, extending from the first to the second slot, and having a first set of electrical contacts disposed in the first and second slots; and
a tonneau cover having
a photovoltaic panel, and
a plurality of fastening hooks disposed on a periphery of the tonneau cover, having a second set of electrical contacts, and engaging the first and second slots such that the tonneau cover is secured to the cargo bed and such that the first set of electrical contacts engages the second set of electrical contacts to connect the photovoltaic panel to and close the first open circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,945,310

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR ADJUSTING ENGINE WATER INJECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:responsive to water injection into an intake manifold via a port water injector, adjusting engine operation based on a change in exhaust dilution; and
responsive to water injection into the intake manifold via a manifold water injector, adjusting engine operation based on a change in intake dilution.

US Pat. No. 9,945,316

METHODS AND SYSTEM MITIGATING DIRECT INJECTION DEGRADATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine fueling method, comprising:receiving inputs to a controller; and
deactivating a port fuel injector of a first cylinder in response to reduced performance of a direct fuel injector of the first cylinder based on the inputs to the controller.

US Pat. No. 9,937,919

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COUPLED AND DECOUPLED ENGINE STARTING IN A HYBRID VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle having an engine with a starter motor and coupled by a first clutch to an electric machine, which is coupled by a second clutch to a step-ratio transmission, comprising:a processor programmed to start the engine using the starter motor for a first engine start after vehicle key-on and if vehicle speed is less than an associated threshold, and using the electric machine if vehicle speed exceeds the associated threshold, the processor further programmed to release electric machine torque reserved for starting the engine to propel the vehicle in response to scheduling a subsequent engine start using the starter motor.

US Pat. No. 9,937,861

VEHICLE BLIND SPOT SYSTEM OPERATION WITH TRAILER TOW

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a body, a motor, brakes, one or more sensors, a trailer hitch, at least one processor in electronic communication with the sensors and configured to:
detect a hitched trailer;
load trailer and buffer dimensions based on a detection of the hitched trailer;
generate a blind spot dimension based on the loaded trailer and buffer dimensions;
identify a position of an object based the sensors;
automatically generate a blind spot warning based on the generated blind spot dimension and the identified position of the object;
only enable user-adjustment of the buffer dimension above a preset minimum.

US Pat. No. 9,937,870

MOTOR VEHICLE WITH INTEGRATED BIKE RACK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A bike rack for a motor vehicle including a storage area closed by a closure, comprising:a support arm;
a first sill segment on said support arm and aligned with a closure sill of said motor vehicle when said bike rack is in a stowed position such that the closure seals against the closure sill and the first sill segment when the bike rack is in the stowed position;
a second sill segment on said support arm and aligned with said closure sill when said bike rack is in a deployed position such that the closure seals against the closure sill and the second sill segment when the bike rack is in the deployed position thereby sealing the storage area; and
a floor adjacent said closure sill, said floor including a recess receiving and holding said support arm when said bike rack is in said stowed position.

US Pat. No. 9,932,877

INTEGRATED FUEL CATALYST MONITOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

10. A method for monitoring an emission device coupled to an engine, comprising:with a controller, executing instructions stored in a non-transitory computer storage medium to, following a deceleration fuel shut-off duration, indicate degradation of the emission device based on a total amount of rich products required to cause a signal provided to the controller from a downstream switching sensor to become richer than a threshold, wherein summing of the total amount is started when the signal provided to the controller from the downstream sensor begins to drift away from a lean reading, wherein the signal provided to the controller from the downstream sensor switching from lean to rich is based on a switching threshold, and wherein the switching threshold is based on engine operating conditions.

US Pat. No. 9,931,908

HVAC AIR INLET WITH BLEND MODE AND FRESH-RESTRICTED MODE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An air inlet system for an automotive heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, comprising:a housing comprising a first cylindrical segment enclosing an interior space and having a first radial surface with a first angular divergence, the first radial surface having a fresh air aperture and a recirculation aperture for radially receiving fresh air and recirculated air, respectively, wherein the housing further comprises an outlet body with an exit aperture fluidically coupled to the interior space; and
a pivoting door element mounted in the interior space and shaped as a second cylindrical segment with a second radial surface with a second angular divergence which is less than the first angular divergence, wherein the door element has a pivot axis that allows the second radial surface to slide along the first radial surface, wherein the second radial surface has a blocking wall surrounding an opening, and wherein the door element pivots to selectably align the opening with the fresh air aperture or the recirculation aperture in order to 1) block the fresh air aperture without blocking the recirculation aperture, 2) simultaneously block portions of the fresh air aperture and the recirculation aperture, 3) block the recirculation aperture without blocking any of the fresh air aperture, or 4) block the recirculation aperture while blocking only a portion of the fresh air aperture.

US Pat. No. 9,931,944

VARIABLE VOLTAGE CONVERT SYSTEM WITH REDUCED BYPASS DIODE CONDUCTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle powertrain comprising:a bypass diode configured to clamp an inverter DC terminal voltage to a battery voltage; and
a controller configured to, while the terminal voltage is within a predetermined range of the battery voltage, maintain off a lower IGBT of a DC-DC converter while in a propulsion mode, and modulate the lower IGBT to increase the terminal voltage to maintain the bypass diode reverse biased while in a regenerative mode.

US Pat. No. 9,933,294

VEHICLE LOAD INDICATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A load indicator system for a vehicle, comprising:a load indicator disposed outside of the vehicle;
a load sensor for sensing a load in a vehicle bed;
a controller in communication with the load indicator and the load sensor wherein the controller is configured to:
receive a detection of an operator proximate the vehicle; and
activate the load indicator to generate an output in response to the load sensed by the load sensor and the detection of the operator proximate the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,928,025

DYNAMICALLY EQUALIZING RECEIVER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle sound system comprising:a mobile device to:
receive media identifying information from a vehicle;
query a first server that associates the media identifying information with an identity of a media presentation;
query a second server that associates the identity of the media presentation with a baseline sound profile; and
generate a sound profile based on the baseline sound profile retrieved with the media identifying information, the sound profile specifying equalizer settings;
the vehicle including a receiver communicatively coupled to the mobile device, the receiver configured to:
collect the media identifying information; and
adjust the equalizer settings of the receiver as specified by the sound profile.

US Pat. No. 9,927,776

INTENTIONALLY INCREASING A NON-TORQUE OUTPUT OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE IN AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:operating an electric machine to produce a torque output and a non-torque output; and
using a powertrain controller to adjust the operating by maintaining the torque output while intentionally increasing the non-torque output to reduce a torque efficiency of the electric machine and produce a condition in an electric vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,925,841

ACTIVE VEHICLE SUSPENSION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system, comprising a computer including a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the computer to:identify a user computing device operated in a vehicle;
identify, from a plurality of applications available on the user computing device, a specific application currently in use on the user computing device;
determine a road condition; and
adjust a vehicle suspension based at least in part on the identified specific application and the road condition.

US Pat. No. 9,923,187

SENSOR FUSE FOR AN ELECTRIC BATTERY ARRAY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle power system comprising: a battery array including at least one battery having a bus bar connected to an electrical
bus; and a conductive lead of a sensor welded to the bus bar to form a joint defined by a plurality of stitches, a net cross-sectional
area of the plurality of stitches being less than a cross-sectional area of the lead such that short-circuit current from
the battery array melts the joint to protect the sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,919,621

VEHICLE 2ND AND 3RD ROW SEAT ADJUSTMENT BASED ON ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF 2ND AND 3RD ROW REAR PASSENGER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A blind-spot detection system for a vehicle comprising:
an optical sensor arrangement configured to, while the vehicle is moving, capture first data indicative of objects alongside
the vehicle, and to, while the vehicle is stopped, capture second data indicative of an expected 3rd row passenger before
the passenger enters the vehicle; and

at least one controller configured to output an alert in response to the first data, and to move a 2nd row seat to a riding
position based on anthropometric characteristics of the passenger that are derived from the second data.

US Pat. No. 9,919,626

FOLDING AND RECLINING REAR SEAT SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A reclining seat, comprising:
a seat base coupled to a support surface by one or more upstanding brackets, wherein the seat base is moveable between fore
and aft positions on the one or more upstanding brackets; and

a seatback coupled at an upper portion thereof to a rear wall, wherein the rear wall prevents rearward reclining movement
of the seatback, wherein the seatback includes at least one upper guide pin member disposed in a guide slot of an upper bracket
coupled to the rear wall, wherein a lower portion of the seatback includes at least one lower guide pin that is coupled to
a guide slot of the one or more upstanding brackets, and further wherein the seatback is operable between upright and reclined
positions.

US Pat. No. 9,919,631

ADJUSTABLE CUP HOLDER ASSEMBLY FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE DOOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A motor vehicle door, comprising:
a body including an elongated guide track;
a cup holder displaceable along said guide track; and
an adjustment mechanism for displacing said cup holder along said guide track between multiple positions, said adjustment
mechanism including a drag bar on said body, a drag on said cup holder and an actuator for releasing said drag from said drag
bar to displace said cup holder between said multiple positions.

US Pat. No. 9,919,652

AUTO-ADJUSTING SIDE-VIEW MIRRORS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle side-view mirror control system, comprising:
a pair of extendable side-view mirrors; and
a controller configured to receive and store one or more trailer identifying indicia that each define a specific trailer having
been previously towed by the vehicle and one or more predetermined extendable side-view mirror configurations that each include
a side-view mirror extension length;

wherein the controller is configured to control translation of at least one of the pair of side-view mirrors to the side-view
mirror extension length that corresponds to the one or more stored trailer identifying indicia.

US Pat. No. 9,919,708

SELECTABLE AUTONOMOUS DRIVING MODES

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle system comprising:
a user interface device configured to present a plurality of driving modes and receive a user input representing a driving
mode selection from among the plurality of driving modes, wherein each driving mode defines at least one predefined characteristic
associated with autonomous control of a vehicle; and

an autonomous mode controller configured to command at least one vehicle subsystem to operate in accordance with the predefined
characteristics associated with the driving mode selection to autonomously control the vehicle, wherein the user interface
device is configured to output audible information in accordance with a voice associated with the driving mode selection.

US Pat. No. 9,914,415

CONNECTIONLESS COMMUNICATION WITH INTERIOR VEHICLE COMPONENTS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a wireless transceiver; and
a processor, in communication with the transceiver, programmed to:
filter non-connectable advertisements to exclude advertisements lacking a predefined identifier unique to in-vehicle components,
generate a user interface of controls based on information collected from the filtered advertisements, and
broadcast a command advertisement to the in-vehicle components responsive to operator input adjusting a component function
using one of the controls.

US Pat. No. 9,908,560

ARTICULATED SLIDING LINKS FOR DEFLECTING A VEHICLE IN A SMALL OFFSET COLLISION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A collision countermeasure apparatus comprising:
a rail extending longitudinally and defining a transverse opening adjacent a front end;
a bumper defining an open end;
an extension partially received in the open end;
a pin received in the transverse opening;
a joint pivotally connecting an outboard end of the extension to an outer end of the pin, wherein collisions outboard of the
rail drive the extension into the pin and the pin into the rail; and

a front quarter panel support rail attached to an outer side of the rail that defines a support rail opening that is aligned
with the opening in the rail and receives the pin.

US Pat. No. 9,908,392

SYSTEM FOR OCCUPANTS TO INDIVIDUALLY CONTROL LIGHT AND AIR PENETRATION THROUGH A VEHICLE ROOF

Ford Global Technologies,...

15. A method of operating a vehicle roof module including a frame, a displaceable window panel and a displaceable shade, comprising:
seating said vehicle roof module in a roof opening of a vehicle roof;
shifting an actuator to a locked state to secure said vehicle roof module in said roof opening and close an electric power
circuit; and

driving motors to displace said displaceable window panel and said displaceable shade with power delivered through said electric
power circuit.

US Pat. No. 9,903,311

ENGINE CAM COVER WITH INTEGRATED WIRING AND QUICK-CONNECT ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A sealed cover for a combustion engine apparatus, comprising:
a shell having molded inner and outer layers attached together and providing a sealing surface around an outer periphery,
wherein the shell defines a plurality of sockets providing respective passages through at least one layer for interfacing
respective electrical components to the combustion engine;

a wire bundle having a plurality of wires extending from a connector end at an edge of the shell to a terminal end disposed
within a space between the inner and outer layers;

a plurality of retainers each disposed in a respective passage and having at least one helical track for rotationally receiving
a connector pin extending radially from a respective electrical component; and

a plurality of metal cups each installed at an end of a respective helical track and each connected to a respective wire at
a respective terminal end;

wherein each socket is configured to provide a latch to hold each respective connector pin at the respective track end.

US Pat. No. 9,902,379

CONTROLLING WHEEL HOP IN A VEHICLE AXLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method for controlling wheel hop at a vehicle axle, comprising:
reducing engine torque and pulsing pressure in wheel brakes of the axle, if one of a difference between average front and
rear wheel speeds exceeds a reference difference, a frequency of a signal produced by an accelerometer mounted on a differential
exceeds a reference frequency, or a frequency and magnitude of a lock ring torque exceeds a second reference frequency and
magnitude.

US Pat. No. 9,896,992

PRESSURE-CHARGED COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING A DOUBLE-FLOW TURBINE AND GROUPED CYLINDERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

11. A boosted engine system, comprising:
a cylinder head with an integrated manifold therein forming exactly two overall exhaust lines; and
a double-flow turbine with each overall exhaust line connected to only one of two flows of a turbine rotor blade that are
separated from one another, a first inlet blade edge of a first flow and a second inlet blade edge of a second flow connected
at a connection point to form an inflection;

wherein said double-flow turbine includes a turbine wheel mounted on a rotatable shaft in a turbine housing and equipped with
rotor blades; and

wherein the second inlet blade edge has a concave side, which forms part of a rear side of the rotor blade as the shaft revolves,
and wherein the second inlet blade edge has a convex side, which forms part of a front side of the rotor blade as the shaft
revolves.

US Pat. No. 9,879,774

TRANSMISSION WITH OUTPUT TORQUE SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A planetary gear set comprising:
a carrier having a rear plate welded to a front plate, the rear plate and front plate supporting a plurality of planet shafts;
a plurality of planet gears supported for rotation about the plurality of planet shafts;
a ring gear and a sun gear each in continuous meshing contact with each of the plurality of planet gears; and
a surface acoustic wave sensor mounted to the rear plate between adjacent planet shafts on a side opposite the front plate.

US Pat. No. 9,879,633

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING VACUUM GENERATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine method, comprising:
increasing a speed of a vacuum pump via increasing engine idle speed when an engine is idling in response to a request to
increase an amount of stored vacuum.

US Pat. No. 9,873,360

FLEXIBLE SEATBACK SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seat suspension system comprising:
first and second side supports defining a seatback structure rotatably coupled with a seat;
an upper component rotatably coupled with the seatback structure and including at least two outwardly extending flex members
having distal ends with forwardly-extending connection features; and

an upper passenger support having a periphery operably coupled to the forwardly-extending connection features.

US Pat. No. 9,873,362

FLEXIBLE SEATBACK SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A seat suspension system, comprising:
a seatback frame;
a front trim piece operably coupled with a back trim panel to at least partially enclose the seatback frame;
a suspension component coupled rotatably with the seatback frame and having a plurality of flexible members protruding outward
therefrom, the suspension component disposed in front of the front trim piece; and

a support operably coupled with the suspension component.

US Pat. No. 9,873,396

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE OCCUPANT LOCATION DETECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a processor configured to:
determine a location of a wirelessly-identified device within a vehicle;
obtain a locking schema associated with the device and defining locking states for child-lockable vehicle systems; and
determine which of the child-lockable vehicle systems are within a predefined proximity to the device location; and
set the locking states, based on the locking schema, of child-lockable vehicle systems in the predefined proximity to the
device location.

US Pat. No. 9,873,422

DRIVELINE LASH CONTROL METHOD DURING DRIVER TIP-IN/OUT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine;
a traction motor connected to the engine by an upstream clutch;
a driveline connected to a vehicle wheel, the driveline connected to the traction motor by a downstream clutch; and
a controller configured to limit a rate of change of a torque applied to a component of the driveline when the upstream and
downstream clutches are locked by controlling engine torque through a region surrounding a torque reversal of a driveline
output torque while maintaining motor torque at a constant value through the region, controlling a driveline input torque
during the torque reversal of the driveline output torque to limit a rate of change of the driveline output torque, and controlling
the engine torque during a torque reversal of the component of the driveline, the region defined as a function of the driveline
input torque, the driveline output torque, nonproportional driveline losses, and an actual torque ratio across the driveline.

US Pat. No. 9,875,589

VEHICLE ACCESS AUTHENTICATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A system comprising: a controller of a vehicle, configured to: responsive to location information received from a positioning
system indicating a vehicle location corresponding to a predefined location, offset the vehicle location using a pre-shared
location offset, generated by a location offset generator, and broadcast a notification including the vehicle location as
offset, and responsive to receiving a request including a device location from a mobile device having interpreted the broadcast,
permit access to the vehicle responsive to a difference between the device location and the vehicle location being less than
a predefined threshold distance.

US Pat. No. 9,868,353

IN-VEHICLE CONFIGURABLE SOFT SWITCHES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:
prompting, in a touch display of a vehicle, for label text to identify an accessory device detected due to a change in electrical
properties of a controlled output of a switch module;

providing, responsive to touch input to the label text of the display requesting adjustment to a powered state of the accessory
device, a command adjusting the controlled output; and

updating the display to reflect a result of the command.

US Pat. No. 9,868,372

ENERGY ABSORBING SEATBACK PANEL

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A seatback, comprising:
a frame;
a panel rotatably coupled to the frame at a hinge joint;
a support bracket supported by the frame;
a lever spaced from and decoupled from the hinge joint and rotatably coupled to the support bracket and configured to engage
the panel at a location along the panel spaced from the hinge joint; and

a pyrotechnic actuator supported by the frame and having a cable attached to the lever.

US Pat. No. 9,868,382

TRUCK BED WITH SELECTIVELY ACTUATED MAGNETIC FLOOR SECTIONS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A cargo retainer for a pick-up truck bed comprising:
a first plurality of stationary magnets creating a first plurality of magnetic fields that are applied to objects disposed
in the bed; and

a second plurality of rotatable magnets creating a second magnetic field, the second plurality of rotatable magnets being
attached to the bed to move relative to the first plurality of stationary magnets, wherein the second plurality of rotatable
magnets is rotated to change a level of magnetic force applied to objects in the bed.

US Pat. No. 9,868,418

VEHICLE NETWORK COMMUNICATION PROTECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a diagnostic port; and
a gateway controller, electrically connected to the diagnostic port and a vehicle network, configured to interface the diagnostic
port to the vehicle network and programmed to, in response to an ignition switch being in an off position and a perimeter
alarm being armed, inhibit transferring messages received from the diagnostic port to the vehicle network.

US Pat. No. 9,862,431

TAILGATE CLAMP POCKET FOR PICKUP TRUCK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A truck box assembly comprising:
a truck box for mounting to a vehicle body; and
a tailgate mounted to a rear portion of the truck box for rotation between at least closed and open positions and including
an inner face, and an upper face defining a first clamp pocket sized to receive an external clamp to secure an item to the
inner face when the tailgate is in the open position.

US Pat. No. 9,862,262

HYBRID VEHICLE POWERTRAIN

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hybrid vehicle powertrain, comprising:
an engine;
an electric machine;
a turbine generator located along an exhaust passage of the engine; and
a planetary gear set mechanically coupled to the engine, the electric machine, and the turbine generator;
where the electric machine is a traction motor, and further comprising a first generator, the first generator mechanically
coupled to the planetary gear set.

US Pat. No. 9,863,307

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH EXHAUST-GAS TURBOCHARGING AND EXHAUST-GAS RECIRCULATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
bypassing charge air to an intake system via a compressor bypass from each of upstream and downstream of a compressor impelled;
flowing the bypassed charge air from the compressor bypass to an intake passage at an angle acute to an inner wall of the
intake passage via an annular outlet downstream of a low-pressure exhaust gas recirculation passage relative to a central
axis of the intake passage;

not flowing the bypassed charge air through the annular outlet when a compressor bypass valve, located in the compressor bypass,
is in a closed position; and

opening the compressor bypass valve in response to a condensate risk, the condensate risk based on a low-pressure exhaust
gas recirculation flow, engine temperature, intake air temperature, intake air humidity, and weather conditions,

wherein bypassing charge air includes drawing charge air from upstream of the compressor impeller and downstream of the compressor
impeller.

US Pat. No. 9,856,688

BI-DIRECTIONAL ELEMENT DRIVE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A bi-directional element drive system, comprising:
a motor including a drive shaft;
a cable anchor centered on a pivot axis;
a cable connector carried on said drive shaft and having two ends connected to said cable anchor, wherein one of the two ends
is fixed to the cable anchor at a first point and the other one of the two ends is fixed to the cable anchor at a second point,
wherein said cable connector is a single cable and said cable connector includes at least one spring to eliminate play;

a support; and
a driven element;
whereby said driven element pivots about the axis along an arc between a first position and a second position relative to
said support by said motor.

US Pat. No. 9,858,821

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE PASSENGER LOCATOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising a first computer having a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the
processor such that the first computer is programmed to:
send image characteristics describing a target passenger to a mobile drone;
instruct the drone to deploy from a vehicle and to circumnavigate an area while searching the area for the target passenger
with an image capturing device;

receive a communication including image data from the drone;
confirm that the image data matches the target passenger image characteristics; and
instruct the drone to guide the target passenger to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,856,804

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INFERRING FUEL VAPOR CANISTER LOADING RATE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
indicating a fuel vapor canister load based on a steady-state fuel vapor circulation rate in a vapor recovery line during
a refueling event; and

adjusting a canister purging operation in response to the indicated fuel vapor canister load.

US Pat. No. 9,856,828

FUEL VAPOR PURGING DIAGNOSTICS FOR A MULTI-PATH PURGE EJECTOR SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
adjusting one or more canister purge valves arranged in a flow passage coupled to a fuel vapor canister, an intake manifold,
and an intake passage upstream of a compressor, to allow flow through the flow passage between the intake passage and intake
manifold and not to the canister; and

indicating the one or more canister purge valves are degraded based on a change in air-fuel ratio following the adjusting.

US Pat. No. 9,856,829

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR IMPROVING FUEL ECONOMY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
recirculating exhaust gases from a first set of one or more cylinders of an engine to a second set of remaining cylinders
without controlling an amount of recirculated exhaust gases;

controlling a power output of the engine to a desired power;
under light loads of the engine, where light loads comprise a torque demand below an engine output torque threshold but greater
than a tip-out event torque level, increasing the power output of the engine beyond the desired power, and recharging a battery
to reduce the power output to the desired power while maintaining the amount of recirculated exhaust gases; and

responsive to light loads of the engine or the tip-out event and a storage capacity of the battery greater than a predetermined
amount, and further responsive to an indication that engine operation is requested, stopping fuel injection to the first set
of one or more engine cylinders that recirculate exhaust gas to the second set of remaining cylinders, operating an electric
motor to increase an engine speed to a predetermined threshold engine speed, and controlling the electric motor to cancel
torque pulsations resulting from an imbalance between torque produced from the first set of one or more cylinders and torque
produced from the second set of remaining cylinders, where cancelling torque pulsations includes supplying torque to a driveline
of a vehicle, to provide a substantially similar level of torque between the first set of one or more cylinders and the second
set of remaining cylinders.

US Pat. No. 9,850,809

INLET SWIRL CONTROL FOR TURBOCHARGERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A compressor inlet duct for directing an inlet flow into an inlet compressor of a turbocharger, the inlet compressor coupled
in an internal combustion engine, comprising:
one or more relief features disposed on an inner surface of the inlet duct, the one or more relief features protruding into
the inlet flow to cause the inlet flow to swirl, in a first direction that is a same direction as a direction of spin of the
inlet compressor, before reaching the inlet compressor and including three elongate ridges being substantially parallel to
one another and arranged at an angle with a plane normal to a central axis of the inlet duct, the three elongate ridges spaced
apart from one another and not continuous with one another around a circumference of the inner surface or along the central
axis of the inlet duct, each ridge of the three elongate ridges extending around only a portion of the circumference of the
inner surface, and where a most upstream first ridge and a most downstream third ridge of the three elongate ridges do not
overlap one another along the central axis of the inlet duct.

US Pat. No. 9,854,432

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SELECTIVE MOBILE APPLICATION LOCKOUT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a processor, in communication with a mobile device including a screen interface, configured to:
receive a mobile device speed;
determine whether the mobile device speed is above a predetermined threshold;
determine whether a user has touched the device screen more than a threshold number of times; and
lock out a foreground application from use if the mobile device speed is above the predetermined threshold and the user has
touched the device screen more than a threshold number of times within a threshold time period.

US Pat. No. 9,849,830

TAILGATE ILLUMINATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle tailgate, comprising:
a substrate operable between open and closed positions of the tailgate defining an inboard surface, an outboard surface and
a top surface; and

a light assembly positioned on the substrate, comprising:
a first lens positioned over the inboard surface and the top surface;
a second lens positioned over the top surface and the outboard surface; and
a plurality of light sources positioned between the substrate and the first and second lenses.

US Pat. No. 9,853,435

BUSBAR THERMAL MANAGEMENT ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A busbar assembly, comprising:
a first layer;
a second layer having a first and a second contacting portion where the second layer contacts the first layer, and a spaced
portion where the second layer is spaced from the first layer to provide an opening between the first layer and the second
layer, the spaced portion disposed between the first and the second contact portions;

a first component secured to the first layer and the second layer at a first position; and
a second component secured to the first layer and the second layer at a second position, wherein the portion that is spaced
from the first layer to provide an opening is between the first and second position.

US Pat. No. 9,849,871

ELECTRIC VEHICLE OPPORTUNISTIC CHARGING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine;
a traction battery;
an electric machine; and
a controller programmed to select a charging rate of the traction battery associated with an increased engine torque and speed
to operate the engine at an operating point that reduces brake specific fuel consumption while providing power to the electric
machine that exceeds power required to satisfy an accessory power demand and propel the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,853,262

BATTERY PACK RETENTION ASSEMBLY AND RETENTION METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An assembly, comprising:
an extrusion providing a channel that receives a portion of a battery cell frame, the extrusion securable to a support to
secure the battery cell frame relative to the support,

wherein the channel is provided by an upper retention flange, a lower retention flange, and a wall of the extrusion, the upper
retention flange extending from the wall to an upper retention flange leading edge, the lower retention flange extending from
the wall to a lower retention flange leading edge; and

a snap-fit feature that includes a ridge receivable within a groove, the extrusion engaging the portion using the snap-fit
feature when the channel receives the portion, the snap-fit feature positioned entirely within the channel when the channel
receives the portion such that the snap-fit feature is spaced a distance from both the upper retention flange leading edge
and the lower retention flange leading edge,

wherein the extrusion extends longitudinally along a first axis, and the channel and the groove extend along a second axis
aligned with the first axis.

US Pat. No. 9,851,212

ROUTE GENERATION USING ROAD LANE LINE QUALITY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
identifying one or more driving routes between a current location of a vehicle and a destination;
determining a route cost for the one or more driving routes based on lane marking quality of a roadway within a corresponding
driving route, wherein the indications of lane marking quality comprise one or more of an indication of lane marking geometry,
an indication of lane marking type, or an indication of lane marking color, wherein determining the route cost comprises determining
based on one or more of the indication of lane marking geometry, the indication of lane marking type, or the indication of
lane marking color;

selecting a route of the one or more routes with a lowest route cost; and
providing information about the route to a driver or control system for following the route.

US Pat. No. 9,849,744

LEAF SPRING BEARING AND VEHICLE WHEEL SUSPENSION CONTAINING SAME

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A leaf spring bearing for a vehicle with a transverse leaf spring, comprising:
an upper bearing block and a lower bearing block between which a portion of the transverse leaf spring can be interposed,
each bearing block being formed at least partially of elastic material and comprising an upper support surface and a lower
support surface,

wherein a thickness of a layer of the elastic material disposed between a bearing core and an insert increases from a middle
portion of the layer toward outer end portions of the layer in the upper bearing block or the lower bearing block.

US Pat. No. 9,853,337

BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INCLUDING BIMETALLIC MEMBER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A battery thermal management system, comprising:
a bimetallic member moveable between a first position and a second position in response to a temperature change to selectively
restrict flow of a coolant through a duct, said duct extending between a first battery cell and a second battery cell; and

a control arm that extends between said bimetallic member and a surface.

US Pat. No. 9,847,734

POWER-MODULE ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A power inverter comprising:
power modules each including a power stage encased in a frame defining an opening, the modules being stacked in an array with
the power stages spaced to define coolant chambers interleaved with the power stages, and the openings cooperating to form
a manifold cavity extending along a length of the stack and in fluid communication with the chambers; and

a manifold insert disposed in the cavity and extending through the openings.

US Pat. No. 9,845,745

EVAP SYSTEM WITH VALVE TO IMPROVE CANISTER PURGING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for an engine comprising:
a fuel vapor canister;
a mixing valve positioned in a fresh air line upstream of the vapor canister, wherein the mixing valve occupies only a portion
of a cross-sectional area of the fresh air line such that the mixing valve still permits airflow through the fresh air line
even in a fully closed first position; and

an actuator physically coupled to the mixing valve for adjusting a position of the mixing valve to increase turbulence in
air entering the vapor canister responsive to sensed operating conditions.

US Pat. No. 9,845,749

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR DIAGNOSING SOOT ACCUMULATION ON AN EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:
opening an EGR valve, thereby allowing exhaust gas to flow there through; and
indicating soot accumulation on the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve by setting a diagnostic code based on a difference
in EGR flow estimated during a first non-boosted engine condition, with an intake oxygen sensor and with a pressure sensor
coupled across the EGR valve.

US Pat. No. 9,845,751

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVED DILUTION TOLERANCE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle engine system, comprising:
a turbocharger;
a low pressure exhaust gas recirculation (LP-EGR) system including a LP-EGR valve; and
a control system comprising a computer readable storage medium comprising instructions for:controlling operation of the LP-EGR valve to maintain fixed EGR percentage of fresh air flow at all engine loads within a
first, higher load range; andin response to a tip-out to a second, lower load range, decreasing an opening of the LP-EGR valve and delivering fuel as a
split injection per cycle until a threshold EGR rate is achieved.

US Pat. No. 9,845,766

PISTON CROWN TO RAISE COMPRESSION RATIO

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A piston comprising:
a crown, symmetrical about a piston center line, having a deck, a spark recess, an exhaust valve recess, and an intake valve
recess;

a wedge disposed on the crown extending from the intake and exhaust valve recesses toward the spark recess above the deck
at an angle substantially parallel to an associated exhaust valve; and

a ramp disposed between the valve recesses, extending tangentially from the deck to the wedge.

US Pat. No. 9,846,050

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR COMMUNICATING DRIVE HISTORY PATH ATTRIBUTES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
determining a location of a vehicle;
determining a future driving path for the vehicle;
determining, based on a drive history for the vehicle or a driver of the vehicle, drive history path attributes for the future
driving path, the drive history path attributes comprising one or more of road geometry, speed limits, previous actual driving
speeds of the vehicle or driver, or previously detected obstacles or hazards along the future driving path; and

providing the drive history path attributes to a plurality of controllers via a controller bus, wherein the drive history
path attributes are provided to the plurality of controllers using a common protocol, wherein two or more of the plurality
of controllers receive a specific path attribute via a single message on the controller bus, and wherein the plurality of
controllers control operation of the vehicle during driving of the future driving path based on the drive history path attributes.

US Pat. No. 9,845,032

MODULAR BACK PANEL SUB-ASSEMBLY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

14. A seat back assembly comprising a decorative seat back rear panel module having a first seat back rear perimeter panel
comprised of an upper transverse member and a pair of opposed vertically extending side members to define an open lower portion
and a second seat back rear central panel that defines a rear exterior surface area of the decorative seat back rear panel
module, wherein the second seat back rear central panel comprises a molded substrate having an outer surface and a trim covering
disposed against the outer surface of the molded substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,845,133

ELECTRIC BIKE MOTOR USING SENSED AIR SPEED

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electric bike comprising:
an air speed sensor to sense air speed;
an electric motor to impart motive force to the bike; and
a controller operatively connected to the motor, the controller to control the electric motor using the air speed sensed by
the air speed sensor and to switch to a regeneration mode charging a battery from the electric motor when an inclination is
negative and gravity assists powering the bike forward.

US Pat. No. 9,840,943

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR VARIABLE CAM TIMING DEVICE

Ford Global Technologies,...

19. An engine system, comprising:
an engine cylinder including valves;
cams coupled to a camshaft for actuating the valves;
a variable cam timing phaser for adjusting valve timing, the phaser actuated using torque from the cams;
a solenoid driven spool valve for adjusting a position of the phaser; and
a controller with computer readable instructions stored on non-transitory memory for:
receiving a command for moving the phaser out of a locked position to a desired unlocked position;
measuring cam torsional pulses;
estimating an error between an actual unlocked position of the phaser relative to the desired unlocked position; and
in response to the error being higher than a threshold,
operating in a learning mode with the phaser commanded to the locked position to update a map of a transitional region between
a detent region and a retard region of the spool valve based on motion out of the locked position relative to spool valve
motion through the transitional region.

US Pat. No. 9,836,717

INVENTORY TRACKING SYSTEM CLASSIFICATION STRATEGY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a passive entry system including a controller configured to
recognize the vehicle is approaching a restrictive geographic location within which at least one proscribed item is prohibited
according to a rule associated with the location and with a specific user,

receive item data indicative of items located within the vehicle, the item data acquired from frequency responses from tag
devices associated with each item within the vehicle, and

provide output indicating whether any of the items is a proscribed item for the restrictive geographic location.

US Pat. No. 9,834,168

SIDE AIRBAG INCLUDING FORWARD FACING VENT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An airbag comprising:
a first panel having a perimeter;
a second panel connected to the first panel along the perimeter of the first panel defining an inflation chamber between the
first and second panels;

the first panel having a tab extending from and transverse to the perimeter of the first panel, the tab being connected to
the second panel;

wherein the second panel is connected to the first panel along a seam extending along the perimeter of the first panel and
along the tab, and wherein the second panel defines a cutout at the seam, the tab being connected to the second panel along
the cutout;

wherein the tab and the cutout are both arcuate and have the same shape, and wherein the tab extends from the perimeter at
an arced transition; and

a vent on the tab in communication with the inflation chamber, wherein the vent is spaced from the seam.

US Pat. No. 9,835,197

PINION ASSEMBLY PRELOADING SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method of preloading a pinion assembly, comprising:
applying an axial force to a pinion assembly;
detecting an axial reaction force at the pinion assembly;
assessing a bearing assembly displacement;
ceasing application of the axial force based on a change in the axial reaction force; and
wherein the axial reaction force is measured by a force sensor detecting the axial reaction force of a mandrel pressing axially
onto a tail bearing of the pinion assembly.

US Pat. No. 9,835,208

CLUTCH ENGAGEMENT FOR A TRANSMISSION WHEN IN PARK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission comprising:
first, second, and third hydraulic clutches configured to established a parked-ready neutral condition upon engagement of
all three clutches;

a pump configured to generate hydraulic fluid pressure; and
a controller programmed to,
in response to starting an engine that powers the pump, engage the first and second clutches, and
in response to engagement of the first and second clutches and hydraulic fluid pressure exceeding a threshold engage the third
clutch.

US Pat. No. 9,834,964

POWERED VEHICLE DOOR LATCH AND EXTERIOR HANDLE WITH SENSOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle door comprising:
a door structure having an outside;
a powered latch configured to selectively retain the door in a closed position when the powered latch is latched, and permit
the door to open when the powered latch is unlatched;

an exterior door handle defining a generally tubular construction mounted to the outside of the door structure and defining
an outer side spaced apart from an inner side to define a gap therebetween;

the handle further includes a movable member disposed on the inner side;
a variable resistance bend sensor extending within the gap along the outer side of the exterior door handle such that an impact
force applied to the outer side of the handle changes an electrical resistance of the bend sensor;

an unlatch switch positioned within the gap and being operatively actuated by the movable member;
a controller operatively connected to the unlatch switch and the bend sensor; andwherein:
actuation of the unlatch switch causes the powered latch to unlatch if a force applied to the bend sensor on the outer side
of the handle remains in a range that is below an amount of change required to indicate that an impact has occurred; and

actuation of the unlatch switch does not cause the powered latch to unlatch if a change in electrical resistance of the bend
sensor sufficient to signal a side impact occurs within a predefined time interval after actuation of the unlatch switch.

US Pat. No. 9,834,198

GENERATOR POWER CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine;
a battery;
a generator coupled to the engine and battery; and
a controller configured to control the generator such that in response to a command to reduce wheel torque, a speed of the
engine decreases at a rate that depends on a state of charge of the battery.

US Pat. No. 9,834,217

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING AN ENGINE STOP AND START FOR A ROLLING VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a vehicle driveline, comprising:
activating an electric transmission pump in response to a request to stop an engine;
adjusting a speed of the electric transmission pump in response to a pressure in an accumulator; and
opening a valve at an outlet side of the accumulator in response to a request to stroke a gear clutch.

US Pat. No. 9,837,065

VARIABLE BANDWIDTH DELAYLESS SUBBAND ALGORITHM FOR BROADBAND ACTIVE NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An active noise control system for a vehicle comprising:
speakers;
sensors configured to detect broadband white noise reference signals indicative of road noise; and
a processor including a delayless subband filtered-x least mean square control algorithm that comprises a variable bandwidth
discrete Fourier transform filter bank having a number of subbands, the processor configured to execute the delayless subband
filtered-x least mean square control algorithm to process the broadband white noise reference signals and generate output
exhibiting uniform gain spectrum across a frequency range defined by the subbands to partially cancel the road noise via the
speakers.

US Pat. No. 9,835,060

THERMOSTATIC BYPASS VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission system comprising:
a heat exchanger having a fluid loop with an inlet and an outlet;
a housing defining a source passageway between a source of pressurized fluid and the inlet, a return passageway between the
outlet and a transmission lubrication circuit, and a bypass passageway between the source passageway and the return passageway;
and

a poppet valve including a cylinder defining a chamber containing a phase change material, the chamber thermally immersed
in the source passageway, the cylinder configured to slide within the bypass passageway towards the source passageway in response
to an increase in a volume of the phase change material, the poppet valve configured to i) permit flow through the bypass
passageway in response to a temperature in the source passageway being less than a predefined temperature, ii) permit flow
through the bypass passageway when a pressure in the source passageway exceeds a pressure in the return passageway by a predefined
value, and iii) block flow through the bypass passageway in response to the temperature in the source passageway exceeding
the predefined temperature and the pressure difference being less than the predefined value.

US Pat. No. 9,837,887

IGBT GATE DRIVE WITH ACTIVE TURNOFF TO REDUCE SWITCHING LOSS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A powertrain driver circuit comprising:
an IGBT, having a Kelvin emitter and a mirror current sense, configured to energize an inductance;
a first switch configured to draw a current from a gate of the IGBT at a rate based on a resistance engaged by the first switch
while a current of the inductance exceeds a threshold; and

a second switch configured to increase the rate responsive to the current being less than the threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,837,706

DIRECTING ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES IN VEHICLE COMMUNICATIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a controller configured to, responsive to occurrence of a vehicle event while the vehicle is participating in a platoon, orient
a conductive housing having an antenna therein to point an aperture defined thereby in a direction opposite vehicle travel
to transmit data via the antenna about the vehicle event to a following vehicle of the platoon, and thereafter orient the
housing to point the aperture in a direction of vehicle travel, wherein the controller is further programmed to size the aperture
to have an inner diameter at least equal to one wavelength of electromagnetic radiation transmitted from the antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,828,040

MULTILAYER COMPONENT ASSEMBLY FOR AUTOMOBILES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An automotive component assembly comprising:
a first vehicle component defining preformed cutout;
second and third vehicle components defining second and third joint regions, wherein the first and third components sandwich
the second component; and

a self-piercing rivet (SPR) embedded within the second and third joint regions at a location aligned with the cutout, the
SPR being recessed into the cutout with a top surface of the SPR below a midpoint of the first component.

US Pat. No. 9,827,818

MULTI-STAGE SOLUTION FOR TRAILER HITCH ANGLE INITIALIZATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for initializing hitch angle detection, comprising:
an imaging device configured to capture images of a trailer connected to a vehicle;
a controller configured to select between a plurality of hitch angle detection routines based on at least one of a current
driving condition and an availability of a template image of the trailer;

wherein if the template image is available, the controller selects a first hitch angle detection routine that comprises matching
the template image to a search image to determine a hitch angle between the vehicle and the trailer;

wherein if the template image is unavailable and the vehicle and trailer are moving in a straight direction, the controller
processes images captured by the imaging device to derive the template image and selects the first hitch angle detection routine.

US Pat. No. 9,829,099

TRANSMISSION DRIVE MODE USER SELECTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a powertrain having a transmission defining a plurality of operating modes to propel the vehicle; and
a controller programmed to respond to user input at a steering wheel first switch by causing the transmission to shift into
a drive mode from a non-drive mode when a brake is applied and by entering a manual gear shift mode when the vehicle is rolling
at a speed greater than a threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,827,884

SINGLE WIRE TORSION-LIMITING LOWER SEAT ANCHORAGE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a vehicle seat having a seat frame;
a plurality of wire anchors attached to a lateral member of the seat frame, each wire anchor being formed from a single continuous
metallic wire and comprising:

an anchor portion;
a first end that linearly and directly extends from the anchor portion to a top portion of the lateral member and tangentially
engages the lateral member proximate the top portion, wherein the first end extends downward over a rear portion of the lateral
member; and

a second end that linearly and directly extends from the anchor portion to a bottom portion of the lateral member and tangentially
engages the lateral member proximate the bottom portion, wherein the second end extends upward over the rear portion of the
lateral member, and wherein the wire anchor is free of engagement with a front portion of the lateral member, the front portion
being diametrically opposed to the rear portion.

US Pat. No. 9,828,951

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OPPORTUNISTIC VEHICLE EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS TEST DIAGNOSTIC

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
responsive to an indication that a vehicle is in the process of a car wash event;
sealing a fuel system which supplies fuel to an engine propelling the vehicle and an evaporative emissions system coupled
to the fuel system; and

conducting a diagnostic test for the presence of undesired evaporative emissions.

US Pat. No. 9,827,935

COLLISION SENSING APPARATUS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a center component defining a center chamber therein;
first and second side components defining first and second chambers therein, respectively, the first and second side components
coupled to opposing ends of the center component with the first and second chambers in fluid communication with the center
chamber, the center, first side and second side components being configured to extend across a front width of a vehicle, the
center component and the first and second side components each including a forward surface having a shape configured to interface
with a portion of a front fascia component of the vehicle; and

first, second and third pressure sensors in communication with the first, second and center chambers, respectively, the first,
second, and third pressure sensors each being configured to detect pressure changes in the first, second, and center chambers,
respectively, from forces within an elastic deformation threshold of the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,827,969

CONTROLLING POWERTRAIN TORQUE IN A HYBRID VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an engine;
an electric machine configured to power wheels of the vehicle;
a clutch configured to selectively couple the engine to the electric machine;
transmission gearing; and
at least one controller programmed to (i) slip the clutch to reduce an amount of engine torque transferred from the engine
to the gearing and (ii) modify torque output by the electric machine based upon an acceleration of the electric machine.

US Pat. No. 9,822,737

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR A LEAK CHECK MODULE COMPRISING A REVERSIBLE VACUUM PUMP

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a fuel system, comprising:
determining a reference pressure by applying a vacuum to a reference orifice and placing a changeover valve in a first position,
the changeover valve coupled between a fuel vapor canister and atmosphere;

indicating a leak in a fuel tank based on the reference pressure following applying a vacuum to the fuel tank by running a
vacuum pump in a first direction; then

purging the fuel vapor canister to the fuel tank by placing the changeover valve in a second position and running the vacuum
pump in a second direction, opposite the first direction.

US Pat. No. 9,804,022

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HITCH ANGLE DETECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hitch angle detection system comprising:
ultrasonic transducers disposed on a rear vehicle structure and configured to transmit ultrasonic waves in a rearward vehicle
direction;

an ultrasonic reflector disposed on a trailer and configured to reflect incident ultrasonic waves back toward the corresponding
ultrasonic transducers, the ultrasonic reflector comprising a trihedral reflector having a resonating cavity configured to
amplify each reflected ultrasonic wave; and

a processor configured to derive distance measurements between the ultrasonic transducers and the ultrasonic reflector and
determine a hitch angle based on the derived distance measurements.

US Pat. No. 9,802,531

VEHICLE REAR ILLUMINATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a body defining a cargo space and a lift gate sill;
a lift gate coupled to the body and operable between open and closed positions;
a taillight positioned at a rear end of the body; and
a cargo lamp positioned on a lift gate sill surface of the taillight such that the cargo lamp is positioned between the taillight
and lift gate when the lift gate is in the closed position.

US Pat. No. 9,804,074

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR RESISTIVE-TYPE PARTICULATE MATTER SENSORS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
selectively connecting and disconnecting a positive electrode of interdigitated comb electrodes of a sensor to and from a
positive voltage; and

selectively connecting a negative electrode of the interdigitated comb electrodes of the sensor to ground via a measuring
resistor,

wherein the sensor is a soot sensor coupled downstream of a lean NOx trap (LNT) in an exhaust system, and wherein the selectively
connecting the positive electrode to the positive voltage is in response to any of the soot sensor being operated in a particulate
matter detection mode and the LNT being operated in a regeneration mode.

US Pat. No. 9,802,674

POWER UNIT ATTACHABLE TO A BICYCLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A power unit for engaging a transmission band on a bicycle comprising: a drive unit including a fuel cell; a casing forming
an opening for receiving a hydrogen fuel canister; a power sprocket that is mounted on the casing wherein the casing is mounted
behind a portion of a frame of the bicycle supporting a seat and engageable by the transmission band and drivable by the drive
unit; a first free-wheeling sprocket mounted on the casing behind the portion of the frame of the bicycle supporting the seat
and arranged on a first side of the power sprocket; and a second free-wheeling sprocket mounted on the casing behind the portion
of the frame of the bicycle supporting the seat on a second side of the power sprocket, the second side being opposite the
first side; wherein the power sprocket is configured to receive the transmission band from the first free-wheeling sprocket
on the first side and pass the transmission band to the second free-wheeling sprocket on the second side.

US Pat. No. 9,804,227

ELECTRIC MACHINE FAST TRANSIENT CONDITION DETECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electric machine system, comprising:
an electric machine; and
an electronic control unit (ECU) receiving electric machine signals and altering a response of a diagnostic routine during
a transient condition associated with a counter exceeding zero, the ECU incrementing the counter a first amount and decrementing
the counter a second amount in response to a change in the electric machine signals exceeding and not exceeding an associated
threshold, respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,797,293

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH A FLUID JACKET

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine comprising:
a cylinder block having a deck face connected to a cylinder head and a cylinder liner with a cylinder axis, the cylinder block
defining a first fluid jacket about the cylinder liner, a second fluid jacket about the cylinder liner, and a third fluid
jacket about the cylinder liner, the first, second and third fluid jackets fluidly independent from one another and spaced
apart from one another along the cylinder axis.

US Pat. No. 9,793,386

MULTIPLE ZONE POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An insulated gate bipolar transistor comprising:
first and second zones each including a plurality of gate regions coupled to an emitter via an emitter region and a base region
and coupled to a drift region that is disposed on a collector region, the first zone being configured to (i) have a switching
loss greater than the second zone during transitions from a conducting state to a non-conducting state, and (ii) transition,
responsive to a common gate signal, from the conducting state to the non-conducting state before the second zone.

US Pat. No. 9,783,060

TRACTION BATTERY LEAKAGE DETECTION SYSTEM FOR ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A leakage detection system for a battery pack of a vehicle comprising:
detection circuitry having a first side connecting a positive terminal of the pack to ground and a second side connecting
a negative terminal of the pack to ground, and including no more than one switch among the sides;

measurement circuitry configured to measure a voltage at a resistor of one of the sides when the switch is open and closed;
and

a controller programmed to control the switch to open and close according to at least one trigger event, and to output a leakage
associated with the battery pack based on the voltage at the resistor when the switch is open and closed according to the
trigger event,

wherein the switch and measurement circuitry are disposed on opposite ones of the sides of the detection circuitry.

US Pat. No. 9,783,117

LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT HOOK ORGANIZER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle storage compartment comprising:
a support having an upper surface that attaches and extends across a roof, a lower surface defining a notch, and a first edge;
and

a protrusion, connected to the first edge, having a tab disposed at an end of the protrusion opposite of the first edge to
pivot the protrusion along the first edge in a direction of pressure applied to the tab to disengage the protrusion from the
notch and a rib disposed adjacent the tab to retain the end of the protrusion against a second edge of the support.

US Pat. No. 9,783,187

MITIGATING TRANSIENT CURRENT EFFECTS IN ENGINE AUTOSTART/STOP VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a controller programmed to, in response to electrical load activation, inhibit engine autostart up to expiration of a predetermined
duration so long as a difference between a postactivation battery current, that exceeds a predetermined autostart threshold
for a portion of the duration, and a preactivation battery current is less than a predetermined difference, and in response
to the postactivation battery current exceeding the predetermined autostart threshold after the duration, request engine autostart.

US Pat. No. 9,784,235

PILOT FUEL INJECTION ADAPTATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine operating method, comprising:
receiving sensor data to a controller;
judging if conditions are present for adjusting a fuel injector transfer function via the controller based on the sensor data;
and

activating a glow plug that is positioned in a cylinder of an engine via the controller in response to the conditions being
present.

US Pat. No. 9,782,504

SELF-DISINFECTING SURFACE WITH PRINTED LEDS FOR A SURFACE OF A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus configured to disinfect a surface of a vehicle comprising:
a first electrode substantially conforming to a vehicle panel;
a plurality of printed LEDs suspended in a semiconductor ink on the first electrode and configured to emit a disinfecting
emission;

a second electrode in electrical connection with the plurality of LEDs; and
an outer layer forming the surface in connection with the second electrode, wherein the outer layer is operable to transmit
at least a portion of the disinfecting emission therethrough.

US Pat. No. 9,777,676

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FUEL VAPOR CANISTER PURGING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for a boosted engine, comprising:
during purging a fuel vapor canister,
during a first non-boosted condition, flowing un-compressed air from a first intake passage located downstream of a compressor
into the canister, and delivering purge gases from the canister to an engine intake manifold; and

during a second non-boosted condition, flowing ambient air from a vent line into the canister, and delivering the purge gases
to the engine intake manifold.

US Pat. No. 9,780,420

PERISTALTIC PUMP FOR TRACTION BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A battery assembly comprising:
a battery cell array;
a conduit system defining a coolant channel for coolant-array thermal communication with a flexible wall having dielectric
particles; and

more than one emitter each disposed along the flexible wall to selectively output a separate voltage or electric field to
impart separate compression forces on the dielectric particles adjusting a channel cross-sectional area in sequence at different
locations to control coolant flow therethrough with a peristaltic channel movement.

US Pat. No. 9,778,160

SYSTEM FOR SENSING PARTICULATE MATTER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for sensing particulate matter in an engine exhaust passage comprising:
a first outer tube with a plurality of gas intake apertures on an upstream surface facing an exhaust flow in the exhaust passage
and no apertures on a downstream surface facing away from the exhaust flow;

a second inner tube with a plurality of gas intake apertures on a downstream surface facing away from the exhaust flow and
a particulate matter sensor therewithin; and

one or more exit channels which originate from side surfaces of the second inner tube, end on side surfaces of the first outer
tube, and are formed as walled passages having walls which block access to an annular space between the first outer tube and
the second inner tube.

US Pat. No. 9,771,003

APPARATUS FOR CUSTOMIZING A VEHICLE SEAT FOR AN OCCUPANT

Ford Global Technologies,...

8. A method for customizing a vehicle seat, comprising:
obtaining data related to a weight distribution of an occupant over a test seat in a test configuration and including a cushion,
a back, and a plurality of force sensors distributed along the cushion and the back, the data being obtained using the sensors;

determining a custom configuration for a vehicle seat having a surface contour and an adjustment mode set matched by the test
seat, the custom configuration being based on the weight distribution data of the occupant;

outputting the configuration to a vehicle including the vehicle seat; and
automatically adjusting the vehicle seat into the configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,766,874

AUTONOMOUS GLOBAL SOFTWARE UPDATE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:
subscribing to a configuration subtopic of a version topic of a topic tree, the version topic corresponding to an installed
vehicle software component version;

identifying a desired software component version based on a published notification retrieved from the configuration subtopic;
and

when the desired version and the installed version differ, updating a software component using an incremental software update
to a next version retrieved from the version topic.

US Pat. No. 9,766,157

DEVICE AND METHOD OF MEASURING POWERTRAIN BACKLASH

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of measuring backlash of an equipment powertrain via a device including a head and a body with an inclinometer,
the method comprising:
attaching the head of the device to the equipment powertrain;
inserting a wrench into a hole defined in the body;
turning the wrench with a predetermined amount of torque to pivot the body; and
reading the inclinometer to determining positional change of the body to measure backlash of the equipment powertrain.

US Pat. No. 9,764,667

FOLDABLE HEADREST WITH DOUBLE HINGE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A headrest for a vehicle seat, comprising:
a padded part operable between in-use and out-of-use positions;
first and second carrying bars securing the padded part to a backrest of said vehicle seat;
a mechanism for turning the padded part about a swivel axis from the in-use position to the out-of-use position, the mechanism
including a cross member connecting the first and second carrying bars to one another and defining the swivel axis of the
padded part, wherein the first and second carrying bars and the cross member are disposed outside the padded part, and further
wherein the padded part is suspended on the cross member in a swiveling manner, and further wherein the first and second carrying
bars are disposed along a rear side of the padded part, and further wherein the padded part rests with the rear side against
the first and second carrying bars when the padded part is in the in-use position;

a retaining strut coupled to the padded part and running substantially parallel to the cross member; and
a double clip coupled to the cross member and further coupled to the retaining strut in a swiveling movable manner.

US Pat. No. 9,764,704

BUMPER

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A bumper assembly comprising:
an elongated beam including a top wall, a front wall and a rear wall extending horizontally, a mid-level channel extends from
the rear wall towards the front wall, and wherein a central portion of the top wall, a central portion of the front wall and
a central portion of the rear wall define an opening in a central portion of the beam that is bounded by the front and rear
walls and the mid-level channel, wherein the opening is upwardly open; and

a pair of crush can assemblies attached to the beam at transversely spaced locations from the central portion of the beam,
wherein the plurality of reinforcing walls span the crush can assemblies, and the opening facilitates bending the central
portion of the beam.

US Pat. No. 9,764,739

TRANSMISSION AND INTEGRATED TRANSFER CASE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission hydraulic control system comprising:
a high range circuit and a low range circuit each adapted to transmit fluid across an interface to a transfer case;
a pressure control valve configured to adjust a pressure in a controlled pressure circuit based on a first current; and
a switch valve configured to fluidly connect the controlled pressure circuit to the high range circuit and to the low range
circuit, alternately, based on a second current.

US Pat. No. 9,759,166

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EVAPORATIVE EMISSIONS TESTING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
following a vehicle-off event, waking an electronic controller to indicate an absence of a vapor leak in an evaporative emissions
system responsive to vacuum in the evaporative emissions system attaining a vacuum threshold, the vacuum threshold determined
at the vehicle-off event by the electronic controller and the vacuum threshold based on ambient conditions and fuel conditions,
and sleeping the electronic controller after determining the vacuum threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,762,078

ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING SYSTEM ADAPTOR

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An adaptor for connecting an electric vehicle charging system to an AC power source with a ground through an extension
cord, the adaptor comprising:
a housing;
a grounded AC male connector directly extending from a first side of the housing and built-in with the housing that is connectable
to the extension cord;

a receptacle integral with a second side of the housing that has an AC connector, a ground pin connector, a proximity detection
pin connector and a control pilot pin connector; and

a control circuit disposed in the housing that generates a predetermined pulse width modulated signal that controls the electric
vehicle charging system that limits a current supply level provided to the electric vehicle charging system through the AC
connector by communicating with a charge controller of the vehicle charging system through a control pilot pin connector.

US Pat. No. 9,759,275

ELECTRONIC CONTROL OF MANUAL TRANSMISSION CLUTCH

Ford Global Technologies,...

12. A controller comprising:
communications channels to receive signals from a sensor array and to send a signal to a clutch actuator; and
control logic programmed to
command the actuator to move according to a function relating an actuator position to a clutch pedal position, and
modify the function in response to the signals from the sensor array while detecting clutch slip such that a pedal position
corresponding to a touch point remains constant.

US Pat. No. 9,728,024

FOB WITH INCREASED POWER LEVEL FROM HAND-ANTENNA COUPLING

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A fob, comprising:
a power amplifier including an output having an output impedance;
a radio frequency antenna connected to the power amplifier output representing a first load impedance to the power amplifier
output in a space free of interference for radio frequency transmissions resulting in a first level of output power, and a
second load impedance to the power amplifier output when a hand of a user is capacitively coupled to the antenna, the second
load impedance determined at least in part by a combination of the first load impedance and a capacitive coupling of the hand
to the antenna; wherein a difference between the second load impedance and the output impedance of the power amplifier is
less than a difference between the first load impedance and the output impedance, resulting in a second level of output power,
the second level of output power greater than the first level of output power, without adjusting the second load impedance
subsequent to the capacitive coupling of the hand to the antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,758,015

VEHICLE COMFORT SYSTEM WITH EFFICIENT COORDINATION OF COMPLEMENTARY THERMAL UNITS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A method of operating an HVAC comfort system in a cabin of a vehicle, wherein the HVAC comfort system includes a plurality
of touchpoint heated surfaces each delivering heat conductively to an occupant of a respective seat, a plurality of touchpoint
cooled surfaces each removing heat conductively from an occupant of a respective seat, and an air handling unit for distributing
conditioned air toward selected zones corresponding to respective seats, wherein the air handling unit includes a blower,
a thermal heating unit, and a thermal cooling unit, the method comprising the steps of:
measuring a plurality of vehicle status parameters including a cabin temperature and a seat occupancy configuration;
detecting whether the vehicle status parameters correspond to a predetermined override state;
when the vehicle status parameters correspond to the predetermined override state, then automatically activating a respective
mandated setting of the HVAC comfort system;

unless prevented by the mandated setting, automatically selecting one of a plurality of HVAC modes in response to the cabin
temperature, wherein the HVAC modes include an extremity heating mode selected when the cabin temperature is below a first
predetermined temperature, a panel circulation mode selected when the cabin temperature is above a second predetermined temperature,
and a core-plus mode selected when the cabin temperature is above the first predetermined temperature and below the second
predetermined temperature;

wherein the extremity heating mode is comprised of automatic activation of at least one touchpoint heated surface in response
to the seat occupancy configuration, wherein the extremity heating mode includes automatic activation of the thermal heating
unit, and wherein the heat delivery by the touchpoint heated surfaces is greater than the heat delivery by the thermal heating
unit of the air handling unit;

wherein the panel circulation mode is comprised of automatic activation of the thermal cooling unit for one or more zones
for convective cooling in response to the seat occupancy configuration, wherein the panel circulation mode includes automatic
activation of at least one touchpoint cooled surface in response to the seat occupancy configuration, and wherein the heat
removal by the thermal cooling unit of the air handling unit is greater than the heat removal by the touchpoint cooled surfaces;
and

wherein the core-plus mode is comprised of automatic activation of the blower at a selected speed determined in response to
the cabin temperature, wherein the selected speed is less than a maximum speed of the variable speed blower and reaches a
minimum predetermined speed when the cabin temperature equals a target temperature, and wherein the core-plus mode includes
gradually increasing heat removal by the thermal cooling unit and gradually decreasing heat delivery by the touchpoint heated
surfaces in response to increasing cabin temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,725,043

CARGO COVER ASSEMBLY WITH GAP-HIDING PANELS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cargo cover assembly, comprising:
a cargo area cover; and
a flipper panel having a proximal end pivotally connected to said cargo area cover and a distal end carrying a roller for
engaging a back of a seat that is located vehicle forward of said cargo area cover.

US Pat. No. 9,725,062

SEAT ARRANGEMENT WITH SIDE AIRBAG

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A seat arrangement for a vehicle comprising:
a side airbag;
a support frame to which the side airbag is fixed in position, wherein the side airbag is upholstered by an upholstery member
including a plurality of upholstery portions;

a cover that terminates the seat arrangement toward an outer side;
a tear seam for an abrupt opening of the cover by the side airbag, wherein the tear seam is surrounded on a first side, a
second side, and a third side by a first non-expandable surface structure, and wherein a second non-expandable surface structure
is positioned between the first non-expandable surface structure and the first side of the tear seam, and wherein the first
side is defined b the upholstery member and the third side is defined by the cover; and

at least one of the first and second non-expandable surface structures being counter-supported on the upholstery member.

US Pat. No. 9,759,149

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING EXHAUST TEMPERATURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising: receiving input from a sensor to a controller;
estimating an offset for a resistance value of an oxygen sensor heater element based on an engine operating temperature and
an ambient temperature from the input via the controller;

estimating an engine exhaust gas temperature based on the resistance value of the oxygen sensor heater element and the offset
via the controller; and

adjusting an actuator in response to the engine exhaust gas temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,759,154

METHOD FOR COATING A BORE AND CYLINDER BLOCK OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for producing a coated bore of an internal combustion engine, said method comprising:
producing a main body present in a blank;
drilling out a bore and pre-machining the bore;
applying an enamel coating to an inner surface of the bore; and
post-treating the coated bore, the enamel coating bonding to a base material of the bore metallurgically by phase formation;
wherein applying the enamel coating further comprises applying the enamel coating to the inner surface as an aqueous enamel
slip and drying the inner surface in a continuous furnace at T=80° C. to 100° C. for 8 to 12 minutes; and

wherein the main body is fed together with the dried enamel coating to a heating apparatus, in which the main body is heated
to a temperature of 800° C. to 900° C. and is kept at this temperature for 10 to 20 minutes, this being followed by rapid
cooling.

US Pat. No. 9,752,524

ADAPTIVE CAM ANGLE ERROR ESTIMATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
learning cam angle corrections based on at least two air charge estimates to update a measured cam angle responsive to an
air-fuel ratio error during selected conditions, the air charge estimates estimated concurrently based on the air-fuel ratio
error, the air-fuel ratio error based on a measured air-fuel ratio, one of the at least two air charge estimates based on
a perturbed cam angle position, wherein the perturbed cam angle position is perturbed relative to a current cam angle position;

learning air and fueling errors responsive to the air-fuel ratio error otherwise; and
adjusting an operating parameter of an engine based on the updated measured cam angle.

US Pat. No. 9,751,516

INFORMATIONAL BASED ENGINE STOP/START SENSITIVITY CONTROL FOR MICRO-HEV

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hybrid vehicle comprising:
an engine configured for automatic shutdown and restart; and
a controller configured to
adjust a brake apply and release detection calibration based on a brake detection sensitivity level associated with a predicted
driver start/stop intention for the vehicle and a confidence level indicative of a likelihood of the predicted driver intention
derived from classified driving situation and event information, the calibration including a first brake pedal pressure threshold
value at which the engine is shutdown, and a second brake pressure threshold value at which the engine is started; and

perform at least one of startup of the engine and shutdown of the engine according to the adjusted brake pedal calibration.

US Pat. No. 9,751,407

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING VEHICLE GENERATED CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
propelling a primary vehicle via an engine mounted therein, the primary vehicle having an interface for interchanging data
with, and a mount for carrying, a secondary vehicle producing less carbon dioxide emissions than the primary vehicle;

immobilizing the primary vehicle by preventing the operation of an engine of the primary vehicle if the secondary vehicle
is removed from the mount and not exchanging data with the primary vehicle; and

displaying information regarding potential opportunities for use of the secondary vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,752,495

METHOD FOR PURGING CONDENSATE FROM A CHARGE AIR COOLER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine method, comprising:
in response to condensate level in a charge air cooler,
adjusting fuel injection timing while increasing engine airflow to a level greater than requested by a vehicle operator.

US Pat. No. 9,718,465

BICYCLE STABILITY CONTROL METHODS AND SYSTEMS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:
detecting, by a control system installed on a bicycle, an impending occurrence of an event related to the bicycle based at
least in part on one or more parameters related to a movement of the bicycle, the one or more parameters comprising a measurement
of brake effort, a measurement of pedal effort, or both; and

adjusting, by the control system, one or more operations of a plurality of operations related to the movement of the bicycle,
including braking of the bicycle, to prevent the occurrence of the event.

US Pat. No. 9,713,963

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ROUTE COMPLETION LIKELIHOOD DISPLAY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:
a processor configured to:
receive a request for a route-success probability calculation;
receive vehicle data;
gather route-data affecting vehicle power usage;
calculate varied percentage chances of reaching a plurality of points along a route, based at least in part on the received
and gathered data;

calculate percentage chance changes based on possible vehicle system power utilization changes; and
return the calculated varied percentage chances and percentage chance changes to a requesting entity.

US Pat. No. 9,707,953

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR IMPROVING HYBRID VEHICLE GEAR SHIFTING

Ford Global Technologies,...

14. A driveline system, comprising:
an engine;
an electric machine;
a driveline disconnect clutch selectively coupling the engine and the electric machine;
a transmission coupled to the electric machine; and
a controller including executable instructions stored in a non-transitory memory for:
reducing a negative torque of the electric machine during a torque transfer phase of a downshift of the transmission while
the electric machine is providing regenerative braking, and

further reducing the negative torque of the electric machine during an inertia phase of the downshift,
wherein the reduction during the torque transfer phase is a greater reduction than the reduction during the inertia phase.

US Pat. No. 9,707,852

PROTECTIVE SHIELD FOR AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE INDUCTIVE CHARGING PAD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a vehicle coil assembly configured to couple with a ground coil assembly in a presence of a magnetic field therebetween for
wireless power transfer to the vehicle, and including an inflatable shield configured to extend from the vehicle and form
a barrier around a portion of the magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 9,702,281

CONSTANT FRESH AIR CRANKCASE VENTILATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A constant fresh air crankcase ventilation system for an internal combustion engine having a crankcase and an intake manifold
with an input, the system comprising:
an integrated vacuum actuator connected to the manifold;
an actuator duct between said actuator and the input;
an air-from-oil separator associated with the crankcase;
a separator duct and valve between said separator and the manifold; and
a bypass duct and valve between said separator duct and said actuator duct.

US Pat. No. 9,702,295

TWIN SCROLL TURBOCHARGER IN A VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for an engine, comprising:
a turbocharger for providing a boosted aircharge to the engine, the turbocharger including an intake compressor and an exhaust
turbine, the exhaust turbine including a first and a second scroll;

an inline group of four cylinders with a first cylinder fluidically communicating with the first scroll of the exhaust turbine
and remaining three cylinders fluidically communicating with the second scroll of the exhaust turbine; and

a controller configured with computer readable instructions stored on non-transitory memory for during a first condition,
flowing exhaust from the first cylinder to the first scroll of the exhaust turbine and flowing exhaust from the remaining
three cylinders to the second scroll of the exhaust turbine.

US Pat. No. 9,702,298

DIAGNOSTIC METHOD FOR A COMPRESSOR RECIRCULATION VALVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

14. A system, comprising;
an engine;
a turbocharger for providing a boosted aircharge to the engine, the turbocharger including an exhaust turbine and an intake
compressor;

an intake throttle positioned in an intake passage downstream of the intake compressor;
a wastegate coupled across the exhaust turbine;
a continuously variable recirculation valve (CCRV) coupled across the intake compressor, the CCRV including a CCRV throttle
and a CCRV position sensor;

a throttle inlet pressure (TIP) sensor coupled to the intake passage upstream of the intake throttle and downstream of the
intake compressor; and

a control system with computer-readable instructions stored on non-transitory memory for:
commanding a periodic signal to the CCRV;
measuring changes in pressure at an inlet of the intake throttle via the TIP sensor; and
if the changes in pressure at the inlet of the intake throttle in response to the commanded periodic signal do not correspond
to a frequency of the commanded periodic signal,

indicating degradation of the CCRV throttle and adjusting a position of a wastegate valve in response to the degradation of
the CCRV throttle.

US Pat. No. 9,694,856

SYSTEM FOR ATTACHING VEHICLE FENDERS TO A COMMON FRONT END STRUCTURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A multi vehicle model system comprising:
a fender terminating in a downstanding flange, said fender having a first shape in a first vehicle model and a second shape
in a second vehicle model, and said downstanding flange having a first surface generally facing said fender and a second surface
common to said first vehicle model and said second vehicle model generally facing away from said fender;

a front end structure common to said first vehicle model and said second vehicle model; and
a support having a first member attached to said second surface of said downstanding flange and a second member extending
from said first member and attached to said front end structure.

US Pat. No. 9,682,731

VEHICULAR COMPOSITE INSTRUMENT PANEL AND COMPONENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicular instrument panel, comprising:
a member comprising carbon and glass fibers within a resin, the carbon and glass fibers substantially segregated within the
member;

a hollow-body within the member that comprises a portion of the carbon fibers in the resin; and
a boundary region that substantially surrounds the hollow-body in at least one of, or spanning, the member and the hollow-body,
wherein the first and second fibers are mixed in the region.

US Pat. No. 9,643,554

COLLISION SENSING APPARATUS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a closed body having a varied configuration between a first location and at least a second location; and
a pressure sensor coupled to the closed body at the first location,
wherein, when forces with substantially equal magnitudes are respectively applied to the closed body at any two or more different
locations between the first and second locations, the closed body respectively translates the forces to substantially equal
pressure differentials at the first location.

US Pat. No. 9,637,955

ARTICULATING CLOSURE MECHANISM FOR NON-ALIGNED CLOSURE PANELS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A closure mechanism for a liftgate/decklid assembly of a motor vehicle, comprising an articulating latch assembly configured
for translating between a first orientation and a second orientation prior to engaging a fixed-angle striker, wherein pivoting
the decklid defines a decklid swing arc radius that is different from a liftgate swing arc radius defined by pivoting the
liftgate, and wherein the articulating latch assembly first orientation positions a latch striker-engaging surface in a normal
orientation to the decklid swing arc and the second orientation positions the latch striker-engaging surface in a normal orientation
to the liftgate swing arc.

US Pat. No. 9,669,762

AUTOMOTIVE SIDE VIEW MIRROR ATTACHMENT STRUCTURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An internal mirror-mounting system for a vehicle door, comprising:
a mirror-mounting reinforcement member operably coupled to an inner panel of the vehicle door and having a depression with
a plurality of reinforcement apertures disposed thereon providing a first loading surface;

a belt reinforcement member operably coupled to the mirror-mounting reinforcement member having a mounting aperture aligned
with the reinforcement apertures; and

a reinforcement flange disposed about a rim of the mounting aperture providing a second loading surface.

US Pat. No. 9,673,653

CONTROL OF POWER FLOW IN BATTERY CELLS OF A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a GPS;
a battery pack including a plurality of cells;
an electric machine configured to transform electrical power from the battery pack to motive power for the vehicle;
a receiver configured to receive a wireless signal from a key fob; and
at least one controller programmed to inhibit cell balancing for a user-defined time period that is initiated in response
to receiving the wireless signal and initiated in response to receiving a location of the vehicle via the GPS.