US Pat. No. 10,419,124

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPTICAL DATA TRANSMISSION

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

8. An optical data transmission device, said device is operable to transmit data bits in the form of data symbols, by modulating an optical signal in dependence on said data bits and in accordance with two or more constellation schemes said device configured to:generate first data symbols representing respective sets of data bits containing an even number of data bits, by modulating said optical signal in accordance with a first constellation scheme and transmitting said first data symbols at a first power level,
generate second data symbols representing respective sets of data bits containing an odd number of data bits, by modulating said optical signal in accordance with a second constellation scheme and transmitting said second data symbols at a second power level,
generate said first and said second data symbols at a predefined symbol rate, such that said first and said second data symbols are interleaved in time,
wherein a power ratio of said first and said second power level is chosen to a predefined value such that a portion of the first constellation scheme coincides with a portion of the second constellation scheme, and the predefined value is chosen such that a sequence of first data symbols experiences a same bit error ratio as a sequence of second data symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,397,223

METHOD FOR ESTABLISHING AN AUTHORIZED COMMUNICATION BETWEEN A PHYSICAL OBJECT AND A COMMUNICATION DEVICE ENABLING A WRITE ACCESS

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for establishing an authorized communication between a physical object and a communication device, wherein the physical object and the communication device both comprise a data processing unit, a contact communication interface and a wide area network interface, the method comprising:establishing a physical connection between the physical object and the communication device through the contact communication interface of the physical object and the contact interface of the communication device,
transmitting authorization data between the physical object and the communication device through the physical connection to grant access rights over the physical object to the communication device using the authorization data,
wherein the access rights enable the communication device to make a write access to protected data of the physical object through the wide area network interface of the physical object and the wide area network interface of the communication device, wherein the protected data comprise an extension module, and wherein the access rights enable the communication device to install a software module in the extension module of the physical object through the wide area network interface, the software module being adapted to provide to the physical object a function associated with hardware capabilities of the physical object,
wherein the method further comprises transmitting the software module from the communication device to the physical object to be installed in the extension module, wherein, in order to install the software module, the communication device identifies a matching software module in a software database.

US Pat. No. 10,390,188

METHOD FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SHORT MESSAGE DELIVERY IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for management of short message delivery in a mobile communication network, said method comprising:a first mobile communication network entity, capable of receiving an indication of user equipment activity, including capable of receiving non-access stratum signalling from the user equipment, receiving from a second mobile communication network entity a request to report about reachability of the user equipment when the user equipment becomes reachable after an unsuccessful attempt to deliver a short message to the user equipment due to the user equipment being unreachable to receive the short message;
upon reception of an indication of user equipment activity, the first mobile communication network entity reporting about reachability of the user equipment to the second mobile communication network entity.

US Pat. No. 10,383,047

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ESTABLISHING A SERVICE IN A FIRST FREQUENCY

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. A method for establishing a non-MBMS service in a first frequency in a communication network, said method comprising:determining said non-MBMS service to be established; and
re-selecting to a second frequency that is preferred for said non-MBMS service or re-directing to a second frequency that is preferred for said non-MBMS service, so as to carry out said non-MBMS service in said second frequency;
wherein said first frequency supports a MBMS service and does not support said non-MBMS service or supports said non-MBMS service in a limited way;
wherein said communication network comprises a radio cellular communication network, said radio cellular communication network follows associated 3GPP standards; and
wherein said communication network comprises user equipment and said user equipment is in an idle mode, said user equipment implements a service priority differentiation process to determine that said non-MBMS service has a higher priority than said MBMS service, and initiates a cell re-selecting process so as to re-select to said second frequency from said first frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,355,834

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING TRANSMISSION TIME-FREQUENCY RESOURCES OF TRAFFIC DATA

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method of determining transmission time-frequency resources of traffic data in a network device of a wireless communication network, the method comprising:determining a time-domain transmission pattern Pi, j of the traffic data from a time-domain transmission pattern set PI, J, wherein i?J, j?J, Pi, J and Pi?, J are complement transmission pattern subsets, Pi, j and Pi, j? are complement transmission patterns within the transmission pattern subset Pi, J, Pi, j and Pi, k are non-complement transmission patterns within the transmission pattern subset Pi, J and j?k, and Pi, J and Ps, J are non-complement transmission pattern subsets and i?s;
determining a frequency hopping pattern of the traffic data based on a frequency hopping matrix and a first rule, wherein the frequency hopping matrix is constructed by one or more Latin squares, a number of rows of the frequency hopping matrix is equal to a number of sub-bands in a frequency hopping bandwidth, each element in a row of the frequency hopping matrix successively represents a frequency hopping order of the complement transmission patterns Pi, j and Pi, j?, a number of columns of the frequency hopping matrix is equal to a number of transmissions of the traffic data, and the first rule is Pi, j and Pi, j? are assigned with a same channel within a sub-band and a value of j is a part of J or all of J, the complement transmission patterns Pi, j and Pi, j? in the transmission pattern subset Pi, J are assigned with a same channel within a sub-band and use a same sub-band for their first transmission, the non-complement transmission patterns Pi, j and Pi, k in the transmission pattern subset Pi, J have a same relative location in each sub-band and the non-complement transmission pattern subsets Pi, J and Ps, J are assigned with the different channels within a sub-band; and
sending the traffic data according to the time-domain transmission pattern Pi, j and the frequency hopping pattern;
wherein i, j, k and s are indices that indicate rows in respective matrices used to represent that transmission pattern, pattern set or pattern subset to which the indices refer.

US Pat. No. 10,348,608

METHOD FOR ROUTING A TRAFFIC FLOW IN A RADIO ACCESS NETWORK AND NODE FOR IMPLEMENTING SUCH A METHOD

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for routing an upstream traffic flow generated at a node of a radio access network, said upstream traffic flow transporting traffic transmitted by radio terminals located within a coverage area of a first access device of said node, said method comprising:(a) at said node, splitting said upstream traffic flow in packets associated with said first access device;
(b) at said node, inserting in at least one of said packets an information indicative of a destination of said upstream traffic flow, said destination being a traffic collection center of said radio access network; and
(c) routing the at least one of said packets to an output of a packet-switching matrix of said node towards said traffic collection center, the output determined based on a previously determined output associated with another packet, the other packet having the same destination as the at least one of said packets and being associated with a second access device different from said first access device.

US Pat. No. 10,299,021

OPTICAL SIGNAL AMPLIFICATION

ALCATEL LUCENT, Boulogne...

1. A method for optical signal amplification in an optical communication system comprising an optical line terminal, a plurality of optical network units, said optical network units comprising each an optical amplifier, said optical communication system further comprising an optical splitter and a plurality of circulators, the method comprising the steps ofsending a first optical signal in a downstream direction from the optical line terminal to a first circulator from the plurality of circulators;
sending said first optical signal from the first circulator to a first optical network unit from the plurality of optical network units, the first optical signal bypassing the optical splitter;
amplifying the first optical signal in the optical amplifier of the first optical network unit to generate an amplified optical signal;
sending the amplified optical signal from the first optical network unit to the first circulator through the optical splitter and
sending the amplified optical signal from the first circulator to a further of the plurality of optical network units.

US Pat. No. 10,299,175

METHODS FOR OPERATING A FIRST BASE STATION AND A SECOND BASE STATION IN A RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, FIRST BASE STATION AND SECOND BASE STATION THEREOF

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for operating a first base station in a radio communication system comprising:transmitting, by an antenna array, first reference signals via a first radiation beam being directed towards a first direction and at least second reference signals via at least one second radiation beam being directed towards at least one second direction,
receiving, for a handover of a mobile station from a second base station being a serving base station of said mobile station to said first base station, an indication for a radiation beam being selected from a group of radiation beams comprising said first radiation beam and said at least one second radiation beam for applying said selected radiation beam as an initial radiation beam at said first base station for serving said mobile station, and
scheduling radio resources for said initial radiation beam for serving said mobile station based on said indication;
wherein said indication comprises an identifier of said selected radiation beam; and
wherein said indication further comprises quality information of said selected radiation beam.

US Pat. No. 10,281,659

FIBER-MANAGEMENT SOLUTION FOR AN OPTICAL-NETWORK NODE

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first set of optical ports having an even number of optical ports;
a second set of optical ports;
a third set of optical ports;
a fourth set of optical ports; and
a plurality of optical waveguides, each disposed to optically connect a respective pair of the optical ports, the plurality of optical waveguides disposed to optically connect:
each optical port of the first set to each optical port of the second set;
each optical port of the first set to another optical port of the first set;
each optical port of the third set to each optical port of the fourth set; and
each optical port of the third set to two other optical ports of the third set.

US Pat. No. 10,243,658

METHOD OF RECEIVING A WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXED OPTICAL UPSTREAM SIGNAL IN AN OPTICAL ACCESS NETWORK

ALCATEL LUCENT, Boulogne...

1. A method of receiving a wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) optical upstream signal in an optical access network, wherein said WDM optical upstream signal is an overall upstream signal comprising a plurality of optical upstream signals having respective wavelengths, and said plurality of optical upstream signals are modulated via amplitude modulation, the method comprising, at an optical line terminal (OLT):splitting said WDM optical upstream signal onto a first optical de-multiplexing filter and a second optical de-multiplexing filter,
filtering said WDM optical upstream signal using said first optical de-multiplexing filter yielding a first filtered signal, wherein said first optical de-multiplexing filter has a flat-top shaped pass-band transfer function,
filtering said WDM optical upstream signal using said second optical de-multiplexing filter yielding a second filtered signal, wherein said second optical de-multiplexing filter has a Gaussian shaped pass-band transfer function that is strictly monotonically increasing for wavelength values below a center wavelength and that is strictly monotonically decreasing for wavelength values above said center wavelength,
deriving, from said first filtered signal, received upstream data, and
carrying out an iterative wavelength tuning process including,
deriving, from said second filtered signal, a first optical signal power level for a first time interval and a second optical signal power level for a second time interval, wherein the first and second optical signal power levels relate to the Gaussian shaped pass-band transfer function,
detecting whether a wavelength of an optical network unit (ONU) at the second time interval has drifted away from said center wavelength based on comparing the first and second optical signal power levels, wherein the wavelength of the ONU at the first time interval coincides with said center wavelength,
determining a direction and amount of wavelength shift based on the first and second optical signal power levels in response to detecting that the wavelength of the ONU has drifted away from said center wavelength,
transmitting, to the ONU, an optical downstream signal including a data element indicating the direction and amount of wavelength shift to be performed by the ONU,
deriving, from said second filtered signal, a third optical signal power level for a third time interval, and
determining whether to maintain or change the direction of the wavelength shift based on comparing the third optical signal power level with the first and second optical signal power levels,
wherein the iterative wavelength tuning process enables convergence of the wavelength of the ONU towards said center wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,153,936

METHOD OF REDUCING IMPACT OF D2D IN-BAND INTERFERENCE ON CELLULAR TRANSMISSION

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method, implemented in a base station of a wireless communication system, of reducing impact of device-to-device (D2D) in-band interference on cellular transmission, the method comprising:the base station sending a first message to a user equipment to configure a D2D discovery resource pool as a resource pool including a first zone and a second zone, wherein the first zone is a restricted D2D resource zone and the second zone is an unrestricted D2D resource zone, and wherein the first zone and the second zone possess an interleaving arrangement;
dividing user equipments communicatively connected to the base station into two groups according to a specification version of the user equipments, wherein a first group is the user equipment using a specification version before release 12 and a second group is the user equipment using a specification version of release 12 or a specification version after release 12; and
the base station performing restricted downlink data scheduling within the timing associated with the configured D2D discovery resource pool for the user equipments in the first group, such that feedback of the data scheduling can be transmitted on the subframe in the second zone which is an unrestricted D2D resource zone and/or the base station performing normal downlink data scheduling in the timing associated with the configured D2D discovery resource pool for the user equipments in the second group and adjusting the feedback timing of the user equipments, which needs to transmit feedback on the subframe in the first zone according to normal ACK/NACK feedback sequence, to the subframe in the nearest next second zone to transmit the feedback.

US Pat. No. 10,069,720

ROUTING BY RESOLUTION

ALCATEL LUCENT, Paris (F...

1. A non-transitory machine-readable storage medium encoded with instructions for requesting content in a network by a computer, the machine-readable storage medium comprising:instructions for determining a content item to request;
instructions for determining a pointer associated with the content item, wherein the pointer is not dependent on a location of the content item;
instructions for generating a request message including the pointer, comprising instructions for inserting the pointer into the request message as a destination address;
instructions for transmitting the request message to at least one network node; and
instructions for receiving the content item from at least one network node.

US Pat. No. 10,044,462

OPTICAL RING NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. An optical node of an optical ring network comprising links configured to transmit a plurality of multiplexed wavelength channels, the optical node comprising:a wavelength blocker configured to block at least one wavelength channel of the plurality of multiplexed wavelength channels that has signals targeted to the optical node and to permit other wavelength channels to pass, wherein the wavelength blocker comprises at least one Bragg grating linked directly to an isolator, the direct link being only at an output of the isolator;
a reception unit tuned to the at least one wavelength channel;
a first optical coupler configured to transmit the plurality of multiplexed wavelength channels received from a previous node of the optical ring network to the reception unit and to the wavelength blocker, wherein the first optical coupler is linked directly to an input of the isolator;
a transmission unit configured to transmit signals to at least one of the other wavelength channels; and
a second optical coupler configured to receive signals from an output of the at least one Bragg grating and from the transmission unit, and to transmit the received signals toward a next node of the optical ring network.

US Pat. No. 10,007,685

DATA LOGS MANAGEMENT IN A MULTI-CLIENT ARCHITECTURE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method, performed by one or more processors, for data logs management, comprising:partitioning a database into a plurality of partitions to store data logs, wherein the plurality of partitions are allocated among a plurality of entities, and wherein each entity from amongst the plurality of entities is allocated at least one partition from amongst the plurality of partitions; and
identifying purging parameters associated with an entity from amongst the plurality of entities, wherein the purging parameters comprise at least criticality point associated with the data logs, wherein the purging parameters signify criteria of purging data logs stored by the entity in the database, wherein important data logs are associated with a high criticality point when a threshold number is exceeded, and wherein normal data logs are associated with a low criticality point when the threshold number is not exceeded;
wherein the data logs are generated within a pre-defined time duration; and
the method further comprises:
purging the data logs based on the purging parameters;
identifying fragmentation parameters associated with each entity from amongst the plurality of entities, wherein the fragmentation parameters define a fragmentation criteria of data logs into different sizes; and
fragmenting the data logs generated by each of the entities from amongst the plurality of entities to different sizes based on the identified fragmentation parameters;
wherein:
the partitioning is based on partitioning parameters associated with each entity of the plurality of entities; and
the partitioning parameters define the size of partition allocated to each entity of the plurality of the entities.

US Pat. No. 9,979,518

DUAL CONNECTIVITY

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of configuring a network node in a wireless telecommunications network to use a secondary cell for dual connectivity communication, said method comprising:determining at least one reserved RACH preamble signaled to said network node by said secondary cell for use by dual connectivity capable user equipment;
identifying user equipment meeting criteria for implementation of dual connectivity communication with said secondary cell; and
communicating an allocation of said at least one reserved RACH preamble for use by dual connectivity capable user equipment to said identified user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,973,396

ON-DEMAND QOS FOR DATA CONNECTIONS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for providing on-demand quality-of-service for a data connection of a user equipment to a third generation partnership project (3GPP) data access network, the method comprising:sending, during an attach procedure of the user equipment to the 3GPP data access network, a message from the user equipment to the 3GPP data access network, the message including an access point name, the access point name including an explicit quality-of-service request being requested by the user equipment for the data connection, the explicit quality-of-service request being formatted in a predefined syntax, the explicit quality-of-service request including a value corresponding to a quality-of-service Class Indicator.

US Pat. No. 9,967,142

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TROUBLESHOOTING IN IN-HOUSE NETWORKS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A system for solving a technical problem in a network architecture with at least one service operator network and a plurality of in-house networks supported by said at least one service operator network, the system comprising:at least one service operator server associated with said at least one service operator network, and a computing means, each service operator server of said at least one service operator server being configured to obtain in-house network parameters from said plurality of in-house networks and to send said in-house network parameters to said computing means;
said computing means being configured to
receive said in-house network parameters;
determine, based on the received in-house network parameters, that at least two separate in-house networks within a common physical structure and supported by separate service operator servers are using a common channel, the at least two separate in-house networks including separate, respective gateways;
develop, based on the determining, a coordination strategy for the plurality of in-house networks, the coordination strategy involving reconfiguration of the at least two separate in-house networks of said plurality of in-house networks, said reconfiguration including changing a channel of at least one in-house network of the at least two separate in-house networks, such that the at least two separate in-house networks use different channels, respectively; and
inform said separate service operator servers of said coordination strategy;
each separate service operator server being further configured to reconfigure a separate in-house network of the at least two separate in-house networks according to said coordination strategy to solve the technical problem, said reconfiguration including at least one service operator server changing the channel of at least one in-house network of the at least two separate in-house networks according to the coordination strategy.

US Pat. No. 9,954,639

METHOD AND DEVICES FOR CONTROLLING SIGNAL TRANSMISSION DURING A CHANGE OF DATA RATE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for controlling transmission of a signal between a transmitter and a receiver during a phase of change of a signal data rate, said method comprising:when said change is requested, informing said transmitter and said receiver of a start of a transition phase, wherein said transmitter and said receiver are informed of the start of the transition phase once a guard time interval has passed after said transmitter and said receiver receive a corresponding change request;
retransmitting, at said transmitter, said signal N times, with N?1, in identical signal parts having a chosen length;
storing, at said receiver, said N retransmitted identical signal parts successively received to combine them together to produce a combined signal part, and temporarily outputting said combined signal parts with an auxiliary data rate depending on N and on said signal part length; and
informing said transmitter and said receiver of an end of said transition phase when said signal data rate change is finished.

US Pat. No. 9,888,487

HIGH INTERFERENCE INDICATOR FOR TIME DIVISION DUPLEX WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A device, comprising:
a memory with executable instructions stored thereon; and
a processor configured to access said memory to execute said instructions and further configured for:
transmitting, from a first base station to a second base station, a message indicating that the first base station is configured
to schedule uplink transmissions from first user equipment in at least one subframe of a time division duplex frame, wherein
the message is transmitted if the second base station is configured for downlink transmission to a second user equipment in
said at least one subframe by transmitting a modified information element that includes:

a report on interference sensitivity; and
a Boolean value set to true to indicate a mismatch.

US Pat. No. 9,880,208

METHOD, A DEVICE, A SYSTEM, A COMPUTER PROGRAM AND A COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR DETERMINING INFORMATION ABOUT EFFICIENCY OF AN INDUCTIVE CHARGING SYSTEM, HAVING A PRIMARY COIL EMBEDDED IN A ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for determining information about an efficiency of an inductive charging system, comprising:
receiving an output from one or more devices that measure power transferred through one or more primary coils embedded in
a road infrastructure;

receiving, from a vehicle moving on said road infrastructure, an output from another device that measures power transferred
through a secondary coil located in said vehicle; and

determining a first inductive coupling efficiency component attributed to said road infrastructure from a total efficiency
based on a second inductive coupling efficiency component attributed to a position of said secondary coil relative to said
one or more primary coils and of a third inductive coupling efficiency component attributed to an electric circuit comprising
said secondary coil.

US Pat. No. 9,866,647

HIERARCHICAL COST BASED CACHING FOR ONLINE MEDIA

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of operating a first cache device, the method comprising:
receiving, at the first cache device, a request to send a first asset to a second device;
determining whether the first asset is stored at the first cache device; and
when the determining determines that the first asset is not stored at the first cache device,
obtaining, by the first cache device, the first asset,
calculating, by the first cache device, a cost associated with the first asset,
selectively storing the first asset at the first cache device based on a moving average of a marginal value of the first asset
with respect to the first cache device and a characteristic marginal value of the first cache device, the characteristic marginal
value of the first cache device representing a cost conscious average period of time between receipt of last requests for,
and eviction of, assets cached at the first cache device, and

sending the first asset and the calculated cost from the first cache device to the second device.

US Pat. No. 9,839,908

MICRO-CHEMICAL MIXING

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A device, comprising:
a substrate;
a droplet of liquid resting on a surface of the substrate;
an electrical source electrically connected to apply a voltage between the substrate and an electrode in contact with the
droplet, wherein:

the electrode has a length portion with a longitudinal axis that is normal to a plane parallel to the surface of the substrate,
the voltage applied across the droplet causes the droplet to physically deform in a direction normal to the surface of the
substrate, and

the electrode further includes a second portion in contact with the droplet and shaped as a helix.

US Pat. No. 9,838,127

SECURE DATA TRANSMISSION USING SPATIAL MULTIPLEXING

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method comprising:
receiving at a receiver a plurality of spatially multiplexed signals;
measuring a first differential value of a parameter between two of said signals and measuring a second differential value
of said parameter between said two signals;

comparing the first and second differential values; and
setting an alarm indicator on the condition that an individual one of said first and second differential values, or a sum
of said first and second differential values, changes by an amount greater than a pre-determined threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,800,296

METHOD FOR UPLINK TRANSMISSION OF DATA FROM A USER TERMINAL, A BASE STATION, A COORDINATION DEVICE, AND A COMMUNICATION NETWORK THEREFOR

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for handling uplink transmission data received from a user terminal, comprising:
receiving the data by at least two base stations on a wireless interface,
determining, by at least one of said at least two base stations, at least one quality of the received data on at least one
processing level,

determining, by the at least one of said at least two base stations, a respective dedicated processing level of the data that
will be used for sending the data to a coordinating device based on said at least one quality of the received data on the
at least one processing level,

sending, by the at least one of said at least two base stations, the data to the coordinating device on the respective dedicated
processing level determined by said at least one of said at least two base stations, and

determining, by the coordinating device, decoded data using the data sent from the at least one of said at least two base
stations;

wherein said at least one of said at least two base stations sends the data to the coordinating device when said at least
one quality of the received data on the at least one processing level is higher than a predefined threshold above which it
is known that the data can be successfully decoded.

US Pat. No. 9,723,504

MEASUREMENT IN RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for radio channel estimation in a radio communication system, wherein the system comprises at least one mobile
station and at least two base stations, each base station having a certain number of sectors and at least one antenna element
for each sector, and wherein one of the base stations is a serving base station for the mobile station and the at least one
further base station is a neighboring base station of the serving base station, the method comprising:
generating a schedule for measurement signals in the serving base station;
transmitting the schedule from the serving base station to the mobile station;
transmitting in accordance with the schedule measurement signals from the mobile station to the serving base station;
calculating a channel state for an uplink channel from the mobile station to the serving base station;
determining an area around the sector in which the mobile station is located, wherein base stations within the area are neighboring
base stations of the serving base station, wherein the at least one neighboring base station schedules measurements for mobile
stations connected therewith and wherein at least one subcarrier is allocated to at most one of the mobile stations within
the determined area, the at least one neighboring base station configured to distribute the subcarrier allocations within
the determined area;

transmitting the schedule from the serving base station also to the at least one neighboring base station;
transmitting the measurement signals from the mobile station also to the at least one neighboring base station;
calculating a mean channel state for the mobile station in the at least one neighboring base station;
transmitting the mean channel state from the at least one neighboring base station to at least one further base station of
the radio communication system; and

distributing through the at least one neighboring base station transmit power that mobile stations connected therewith use
for their measurement allocation to all other base stations within the determined area,

wherein the serving base station coordinates its measurement with the at least one neighboring base station within a certain
range,

wherein all base stations within the range schedule measurement for their mobile stations during the same OFDM symbols and
do not schedule any other transmissions during that time.

US Pat. No. 9,723,522

EVENT CONTEXT TRANSFER IN A HETEROGENEOUS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving, at a first access node, a message indicating that a mobile node has selected a second access node as a controlling
access node for media independent handover (MIH) commands so that media independent handover (MIH) commands, upon being invoked
in a layer stack of the second access node, propagate to a layer stack of the mobile node; and

transferring event context information associated with the mobile node from the first access node to the second access node
dependent on the first access node receiving the message, the event context information indicating an event context state
of the mobile node and at least one trigger for reporting at least one event between the mobile node and the second access
node following handoff of the mobile node to the second access node, the at least one event indicating a change in state or
a transmission behavior of at least one of a physical layer, a data link layer, or a logical link layer used for communication
between the mobile node and the second access node following handoff of the mobile node to the second access node.

US Pat. No. 9,648,530

METHOD FOR WIFI CONNECTIVITY LOSS ANTICIPATION

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for anticipating the loss of connectivity between a mobile device and a wireless short-range access point among
a plurality of such wireless access points, the method comprising:
collecting identifiers of access points to which the mobile device was successively associated without loss of connectivity
and the duration of each of these associations so that reproducing a plurality of paths corresponding to the mobile device
movements within the coverage areas of the access points to which the said mobile device was successively associated without
loss of connectivity, each path comprising a root access point at which a connectivity is originated and a dead-end access
point at which the connectivity is lost;

detecting a current access point to which the mobile device is currently associated;
identifying the paths comprising the current access point;
computing risks of losing the connectivity when following each of the identified paths from the current access point to the
root access point or to the dead-end access point of each of the identified paths, the risk of losing connectivity when following
a path from a first access point to a second access point being the inverse of the sum of the collected durations of association
corresponding to the access points comprised in the path from the first access point to the second access point; and

triggering a handover based on a computed risk of the computed risks.

US Pat. No. 9,619,417

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REMOTE DELIVERY OF MANAGED USB SERVICES VIA A MOBILE COMPUTING DEVICE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A mobile computing device, comprising:
a processor and a memory communicatively connected to the processor, the processor configured to:
receive, at the mobile computing device via a wireless interface of the mobile computing device from a remote network server
via a network connection between the mobile computing device and the remote network server, a request to configure the mobile
computing device to operate in a selected peripheral connection device class of a plurality of peripheral connection device
classes;

configure the mobile computing device to operate in the selected peripheral connection device class;
receive, at the mobile computing device from the remote network server via the network connection, information associated
with a service to be provided for a host computer by the mobile computing device based on the selected peripheral connection
device class; and

communicate with the host computer, via a peripheral connection interface of the mobile computing device configured to support
a peripheral connection between the mobile computing device and the host computer, based on the service to be provided for
the host computer by the mobile computing device based on the selected peripheral connection device class.

US Pat. No. 9,619,292

RESOURCE PLACEMENT IN NETWORKED CLOUD BASED ON RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method performed by a cloud controller comprising a memory and a processor for fulfilling a request for cloud resources,
the method comprising:
receiving, at the cloud controller, a request message including a first request for a first cloud resource;
identifying, by the cloud controller, a set of potential devices for providing the first cloud resource;
calculating, by the cloud controller, a plurality of weight values corresponding to at least a portion of the set of potential
devices for providing the first cloud resource, wherein the plurality of weight values are calculated based on a plurality
of delta values associated with the at least a portion of the set of potential devices;

selecting, by the cloud controller, a device based on the plurality of weight values to provide the first cloud resource;
and

updating, by the cloud controller, the delta value associated with the selected device, wherein the first request is associated
with a set of requested time slots, at least one device of the set of potential devices is associated with the plurality of
delta values, at least one delta value of the plurality of delta values is associated with a time slot, and the step of calculating
the weight value for the at least one device of the set of potential devices comprises:

calculating a weight value based on the plurality of delta values associated with the device and associated with at least
one time slot that belongs to the set of requested time slots.

US Pat. No. 9,524,271

DISTRIBUTED COMPUTATION OF LINEAR COMBINATIONS IN A NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method comprising:
transmitting, from a first source node, a first transmission vector formed by multiplying a vector of input values and an
inverse of a transfer matrix that relates vectors transmitted from the first source node via a plurality of intermediate nodes
to vectors received at a plurality of destination nodes, wherein each of the intermediate nodes transmits a vector formed
by a linear operation performed on received vectors, and wherein the linear operation is such that propagation of the first
transmission vector through the plurality of intermediate nodes produces, at the plurality of destination nodes, predetermined
linear combinations of the first transmission vector and at least one second transmission vector transmitted by at least a
second source node.

US Pat. No. 9,344,779

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SPACE-DIVISION MULTIPLEXING SYSTEMS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A space division multiplexed (SDM) transmission system comprising:
first and second segments of multicore optical fiber;
an optical add-drop multiplexer (OADM) configurable to add and drop wavelength channels of a wavelength-division multiplexed
optical signal;

a first singlecore-to-multicore connector configured to connect individual cores of said first segment to inputs of said OADM;
and

a second singlecore-to-multicore connector configured to connect outputs of said OADM to individual cores of said second segment,
wherein a first fiber core of said first segment is connected to a fiber core of said second segment other than a fiber core
corresponding to said first fiber core of said first segment.

US Pat. No. 10,756,403

FILTER COMPRISING RESONATOR ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING A FIRST CAVITY WITH A FIRST RESONANT MEMBER AND A SECOND CAVITY WITH A SECOND RESONANT MEMBER, WHERE A PART OF THE FIRST CAVITY FORMS THE SECOND RESONANT MEMBER

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

13. A filter comprising:a plurality of resonator assemblies, said plurality of resonator assemblies comprising an input resonator assembly, other resonator assemblies, and an output resonator assembly arranged such that a source signal received at said input resonator assembly passes through said other resonator assemblies and is output at said output resonator assembly as a load signal;
a source coupling configured to provide said source signal to said input resonator assembly, said input and other resonator assemblies of said plurality of resonator assemblies being arranged such that said source signal is transferred between said input and other resonator assemblies to said output resonator assembly; and
a load coupling configured to receive said load signal from said output resonator assembly;
wherein said plurality of resonator assemblies comprises at least one resonator assembly, the at least one resonator assembly being the input resonator assembly, at least one of the other resonator assemblies, or the output resonator assembly, the at least one resonator assembly comprising:
a first resonator cavity and a first resonant member; and
a second resonator cavity and a second resonant member;
said first resonant member being located within said first resonator cavity, where the at least one resonator assembly is the input resonator assembly, said first resonant member is arranged to receive said source signal via said source coupling and said source coupling is associated with the first resonator cavity, where the at least one resonator assembly is one of the other resonator assemblies or the output resonator assembly, said first resonant member is arranged to receive said source signal via a first signal coupling associated with the first resonator cavity, wherein the first resonant member is configured to resonate within said first resonator cavity at a first fundamental frequency;
said second resonant member being located within said second resonator cavity and arranged to receive said source signal via a second signal coupling associated with the second resonator cavity, wherein the second resonant member is configured to resonate within said second resonator cavity at a second fundamental frequency;
wherein at least a portion of said first resonator cavity forms said second resonant member;
wherein a first resonator cavity surface, from which said first resonant member extends, is offset from a second resonator cavity surface, from which said second resonant member extends;
wherein said first and second resonator cavities are configured to be substantially electrically and magnetically isolated from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,645,611

OVERLOAD CONTROL FOR TRUSTED WLAN ACCESS TO EPC

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least, one memory configured to store computer-readable instructions; and
at least one processor configured to execute the computer-readable instructions to cause the apparatus to
request establishment of a packet data network connection via a trusted wireless local area network access to an evolved packet core network, in a single connection mode wherein a single connection at a time is supported via the trusted wireless local area access network,
receive, from an authentication, authorization, and accounting server, a response message including a failure cause due to congestion and a hack-off time, and
not initiate a new request for said establishment of a packet data network connection, for a duration of the back-off time.

US Pat. No. 10,623,237

METHOD OF MANAGING ZIGBEE NETWORK IN THE INTERNET OF THINGS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of reporting network information of a ZigBee network in a ZigBee coordination node of an Internet of Things, wherein the ZigBee coordination node is connected to a plurality of ZigBee nodes forming the ZigBee network, and the Internet of Things includes an auto-configuration server in an IP network, the ZigBee coordination node being connected to the auto-configuration server via a gateway, the method comprising:a. sending a first signaling based on a ZigBee device object to the gateway, the first signaling including network description information and neighbor list information of each ZigBee node in the ZigBee network, the first signaling further including network failure cause information for the ZigBee network, the network failure cause information describing a network failure and a situation occurring at a network layer.

US Pat. No. 10,517,058

TRANSPORT OF MULTIHOMING SERVICE RELATED INFORMATION BETWEEN USER EQUIPMENT AND 3GPP EVOLVED PACKET CORE

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method, comprising:sending internet protocol flow mobility related information towards a 3rd generation partnership project evolved packet core network through an untrusted non-3rd generation partnership project access network, wherein internet protocol flow mobility enables routing of individual internet protocol flows through selected ones of multiple accesses including 3rd generation partnership project and non-3rd generation partnership project access networks; and
sending said information using signalling exchanged for security procedures with an evolved packet data gateway,
wherein said information comprises information indicating support of internet protocol flow mobility.

US Pat. No. 10,419,150

METHOD OF CONFIGURING AUTOMATICALLY WAVELENGTH OF OPTICAL NETWORK UNIT

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

3. A method, in an optical line terminal, of configuring a wavelength of an optical network unit during an optical network unit activation process, the method comprising:receiving serial number information from the optical network unit, the serial number information including a Vendor-ID of the optical network unit and a Vendor-specific serial number of the optical network unit;
judging whether the optical network unit operates at least one of a correct uplink wavelength or a correct downlink wavelength according to the serial number information; and
sending a wavelength configuration message, if the optical network unit does not operate at least one of the correct uplink wavelength or the correct downlink wavelength, the wavelength configuration message including (i) at least one of a correct uplink wavelength indication message or a correct downlink wavelength indication message, (ii) the Vendor-ID of the optical network unit, and (iii) the Vendor-specific serial number of the optical network unit, wherein the judging step includes,
judging whether the optical network unit operates at least one of the correct uplink wavelength or the correct downlink wavelength by referring to a database in the optical line terminal, wherein the database stores a correspondence relationship between a serial number of the optical network unit and the at least one of the correct uplink wavelength or correct downlink wavelength, or
judging whether the optical network unit operates at least one of the correct uplink wavelength or the correct downlink wavelength by communicating the serial number information of the optical network unit with another network element to obtain the at least one of the correct uplink wavelength or the correct downlink wavelength at which the optical network unit shall operate.

US Pat. No. 10,282,990

ROAD TRAFFIC OPTIMIZATION SYSTEM

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. A method for modifying an itinerary recommended by an application server providing recommended itineraries to users connected to said application server from communication terminals, each recommended itinerary being provided to a user based on a user profile containing the departure or arrival date, and the departure and arrival location, comprises the following within the application server:comparing the itineraries recommended to users whose starting date belongs to a given interval of time,
producing a set of users whose compared recommended itineraries have at least one itinerary segment of given length in common,
identifying potential congestion of one or more road segments after users are grouped into the sets of users, and
reducing a risk of road traffic congestion for the recommended itineraries by modifying at least one itinerary recommended to at least one user belonging to said set of users, wherein the modifying takes into account one or more users in said set of users who did not follow a recommended itinerary and departure date, and wherein the modifying is performed as a function of the identified potential road congestion caused by the set of users, road congestion forecasts and statistics, and historical road congestion in order to reduce the identified potential road congestion caused by the set of users.

US Pat. No. 10,244,185

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MIXING A FIRST VIDEO SIGNAL AND A SECOND VIDEO SIGNAL

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code;
the at least one memory and computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to perform at least the following:
receiving a first video signal as a main channel of a primary video stream;
receiving a second video signal;
receiving a transformation information signal dividing said first video signal into a transparent region and a non-transparent region and representing a spatial relationship between said first video signal and said second video signal, which defines a place where images comprised in the second video signal would be anchored down in images comprised in the first video signal;
transforming said second video signal in accordance with said transformation information signal;
combining said non-transparent region of said first video signal with a portion of said transformed second video signal; and
rendering said portion of said transformed second video signal in said transparent region of said first video signal;
wherein the transformation information signal is provided as a mixing channel of said primary video stream.

US Pat. No. 10,182,384

METHODS FOR OPERATING A MOBILE STATION AND A BASE STATION IN A RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, MOBILE STATION AND BASE STATION THEREOF

ALCATEL LUCENT, Boulogne...

1. A method for operating a mobile station in a radio communication system comprising:receiving from a serving base station of said mobile station first radio resource information for a transmission of first reference signals by an antenna array via a first radiation beam being directed by at least one neighboring base station of said serving base station towards a first direction and being aligned with respect to a first elevation angle and at least one second radio resource information for a transmission of at least second reference signals by said antenna array via at least one second radiation beam directed by said at least one neighboring base station to at least one second direction and being aligned with respect to a second elevation angle different to said first elevation angle;
receiving said first reference signals based on said first radio resource information;
receiving said at least second reference signals based on said at least one second radio resource information;
determining first quality information of said first radiation beam (BM1-BS1) based on said received first reference signals and at least second quality information of said at least second radiation beam based on said received at least second reference signals; and
transmitting at least one of said first quality information and said at least second quality information to said serving base station.

US Pat. No. 10,104,604

S9 ROAMING SESSION DESTINATION SELECTION

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. A method performed by a network node for creating a Diameter session, the method comprising:receiving an S9 session request message comprising an S9 session identifier (ID) and one or more subsession IDs and storing the S9 session ID and the one or more subsession IDs in a cluster mapping table; and
for each said one or more subsession IDs, creating a Diameter session with a session ID comprising said S9 session ID and said respective S9 subsession ID.

US Pat. No. 10,009,076

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OBTAINING DOWNLINK DATA IN A MASSIVE MIMO SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method, at a base station end, for obtaining downlink data in a massive MIMO system, comprising:transmitting a downlink control signaling indicating downlink channel estimation information to a corresponding user equipment, wherein the downlink control signaling comprises corresponding effective channel mean value information;
wherein the method further comprises:
performing zero-forcing precoding to a to-be-transmitted signal on each subcarrier of a transmission sub-band;
transmitting the zero-forcing precoded signal to the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 9,990,501

DIAGNOSING AND TRACKING PRODUCT VULNERABILITIES FOR TELECOMMUNICATION DEVICES VIA A DATABASE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A system comprising:a database configured to store a plurality of entries describing security vulnerabilities that enable unauthorized control of telecommunication devices; and
a controller configured to receive input describing a class of telecommunication devices that each utilize the same software and hardware, and identifies a security vulnerability;
the controller being further configured to identify an authoritative entry in the database that describes the security vulnerability, and electronically search the database to identify entries that each describe both the security vulnerability and the class, and
for each identified entry in the database, add a tag to the entry indicating a conflict on the condition that information in the entry directly contradicts information in the authoritative entry,
wherein the authoritative entry and the identified entries exist within the same database;
wherein:
the entries include results of tests performed upon the class for detecting the security vulnerability, and
the controller is configured to selectively invalidate entries in the database that conflict with the results.

US Pat. No. 9,871,765

DIAMETER FIREWALL USING RECEPTION IP ADDRESS OR PEER IDENTITY

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A DIAMETER node, comprising:
a DIAMETER interface configured to receive a first DIAMETER message;
a DIAMETER network information extractor configured to extract DIAMETER firewall information from the first DIAMETER message;
a DIAMETER stack configured to store the extracted DIAMETER firewall information;
a firewall rules engine configured to create firewall filtering rules from the stored DIAMETER firewall information and store
the created firewall filtering rules; and

a firewall configured to filter the first DIAMETER message based upon the stored firewall filtering rules, wherein the first
DIAMETER message is rejected when the first DIAMETER message was sent by a roaming partner and has an application of either
Gx or Rx.

US Pat. No. 9,852,374

ONTOLOGICAL CONCEPT EXPANSION FOR IMPROVED SIMILARITY MEASURES FOR DESCRIPTION LOGIC

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A machine-implemented method comprising:
(a) the machine receiving an original ontology containing a plurality of original concepts, wherein at least one original
concept is defined using a hierarchy of properties;

(b) the machine applying a concept expansion mechanism to the original ontology to generate an expended ontology containing
the original concepts and one or more pseudo-concepts, wherein the concept expansion mechanism comprises:

(1) the machine classifying the original concepts by computing inferences using the original ontology;
(2) the machine rewriting at least one original concept definition by replacing at least one defined concept appearing in
the original concept definition by its expression;

(3) the machine rewriting at least one sub-class axiom by replacing at least one defined concept appearing in a subsumption
axiom by its expression as rewritten in step (2);

(4) the machine rewriting at least one original concept in its normal form;
(5) the machine generating a pseudo-concept of the expanded ontology for the at least one original concept rewritten in its
normal form; and

(6) the machine classifying concepts of the expanded ontology by computing inferences using the expanded ontology; and
(c) the machine applying a similarity measure computation to the expanded ontology to generate a similarity measure characterizing
similarity between at least two concepts in the expanded ontology, wherein the similarity measure generated using the expanded
ontology provides more accurate characterization of the similarity between the at least two concepts than a corresponding
similarity measure generated using the original ontology.

US Pat. No. 9,801,152

MANAGING THE OPERATION OF A MACHINE TYPE COMMUNICATION DEVICE IN A MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for managing a Machine Type Communication MTC Device in a mobile communication system, said method comprising:
detecting a detach request; and
performing said management within a detach procedure of the MTC Device from the mobile communication network;
wherein management of the MTC device comprises managing of at least one of the access grant time interval and/or power consumption
of the MTC device.

US Pat. No. 9,801,229

METHOD FOR PROCESSING SERVICE CONNECTION IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK AND DEVICE THEREOF

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for processing a service connection in a communication network, comprising:
determining, by a subscriber profile repository (SPR) located between a Policy and Charging Rules Function (PCRF) and a third
party application provider, in response to an establishment request for said service connection from a UE, whether the service
corresponding to said establishment request is a sponsored service, wherein

said sponsored service is provided by said third party application provider;
sending, by said SPR, a validating request for said sponsored service to said third party application provider when the service
corresponding to said connection establishment request is a sponsored service; and

at least one of said SPR, PCRF or a Policy and Charging Enforcement Function (PCEF) controlling said sponsored service connection
according to information related to said sponsored service and acquired from said third party application provider when said
SPR receives a successful acknowledgement corresponding to said validating request from said third party application provider.

US Pat. No. 9,794,272

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING MALICIOUS TRAFFIC IN COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of monitoring data traffic in a communication network, comprising:
receiving the data traffic at a router connected to said communication network;
monitoring, at said router, a flow of said received data traffic at a predetermined point on a flow path carrying said flow
of the received data traffic, wherein said monitoring comprises a single stage monitoring process performed using exclusively
one of a plurality of different monitoring criteria, including a first monitoring criteria and a second monitoring criteria,
such that the data traffic that is subject to monitoring at said predetermined point is only monitored according to one of
said monitoring criteria, and the second monitoring criteria isolates characteristics of a malicious threat;

said monitoring further including monitoring said flow of the received data traffic at said predetermined point on said flow
path according to said first monitoring criteria;

based on information contained in the data traffic monitored according to the first monitoring criteria, determining whether
data in the traffic is indicative of the malicious threat to one or more resources connected to said communication network,
and only if said determining step determines that data in said traffic is indicative of the malicious threat, changing the
monitoring criteria in said single stage monitoring process from the first monitoring criteria to the second monitoring criteria;
and

monitoring subsequently received data traffic at said predetermined point along said flow path according to said second monitoring
criteria, instead of said first monitoring criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,729,949

DYNAMIC LOCAL DECISION CONTROL IN SOFTWARE DEFINED NETWORKING-BASED ENVIRONMENT

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method comprising:
collecting cross-layer information associated with a software defined networking-based communication network comprising an
optical transport network, the cross-layer information comprising traffic state information from one or more of optical-layer
devices and Internet Protocol-layer devices of the optical transport network; and

sending one or more updates to one or more network elements in the software defined networking-based communication network
to control one or more local decisions for designating protection path assignments locally in one or more of the optical-layer
devices, wherein the one or more updates are based on at least a portion of the collected cross-layer information;

wherein the method is performed by at least one processing device comprising a processor coupled to a memory; and wherein
the collecting and sending steps are performed by a controller implementing a software defined networking management plane
associated with the software defined networking-based communication network.

US Pat. No. 9,722,861

FAULT-RESILIENT BROADCAST, MULTICAST, AND UNICAST SERVICES

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a processor and a memory communicatively connected to the processor, the processor configured to:
receive a graph representing a topology of at least a portion of a network, the graph comprising a set of nodes and a set
of links, the set of nodes comprising a multicast source node;

partition the graph into a pair of partitions including a first partition and a second partition, the first partition comprising
each of the nodes of the set of nodes and a first subset of links of the set of links, the second partition comprising each
of the nodes of the set of nodes and a second subset of links of the set of links; and

construct, based on the pair of partitions, a pair of point-to-multipoint (P2MP) trees including a first P2MP tree and a second
P2MP tree, the first P2MP tree being constructed based on the first partition and the second P2MP tree being constructed based
on the second partition.

US Pat. No. 9,722,923

METHOD OPERATING IN A FIXED ACCESS NETWORK AND UES

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of operating in a fixed access network, the method comprising: providing, in the fixed access network, a virtual
node for a respective third party of a plurality of third parties, the virtual node used for bearing and operating a function
defined by the respective third party; allocating an address to the virtual node such that the virtual node is identified
by the address; informing a user equipment (UE) of the address; and providing a communication connection between the UE and
the virtual node according to the address; receiving an identification of one or more third parties to which access is requested
by the UE; receiving current physical access position information of the UE, the current physical access position information
inserted by an access node that is accessed by the UE; searching for the address of the virtual node corresponding to the
respective third party of the plurality of third parties based on (i) the identification of the one or more third parties
to which the UE requests access, and (ii) the current physical access position information of the UE; and transmitting, to
the UE, the address of the virtual node corresponding to the respective third party, wherein the address is a media access
control address, the media access control address is specific to the virtual node, the fixed access network is a physical
access network, the respective third party is at least one of a virtual access network and a service provision network, and
the respective third party is independent of the physical access network.

US Pat. No. 9,621,296

REMOTE NODE DEVICE, OPTICAL NETWORK UNIT AND SYSTEM AND COMMUNICATION METHOD THEREOF

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A remote node device configured for mutual communication between optical network devices in a passive optical network,
the passive optical network including an optical line terminal, the remote node device and the optical network devices, the
remote node device comprising:
an N×N-arrayed waveguide grating configured to,
receive an upstream optical signal of one of the optical network devices, and
output the upstream optical signal as a first optical signal, the first optical signal including (i) a first part in a first
band for communication between the optical network devices and the optical line terminal and (ii) a second part in a second
band for mutual communication between the optical network devices, the first band being different from the second band;

a 1×2 wavelength division multiplexer configured to separate per band the first optical signal into (i) the first part and
transmit the first part to the optical line terminal, and into (ii) the second part and output the second part as a second
optical signal; and

a 1×(N?1) power distributor configured to,
transmit the second optical signal to (N?1) terminals of the N×N-arrayed waveguide grating other than a terminal from which
the first optical signal is outputted, and a terminal for connection with the optical network device, and

transmit the second optical signal to the corresponding optical network unit through the N×N-arrayed waveguide grating,
wherein N is a natural number.

US Pat. No. 9,621,298

METHOD OF OPTICAL DATA TRANSMISSION USING POLARIZATION DIVISION MULTIPLEXING AND QPSK

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. Method of optical data transmission,
comprising:
receiving at least one stream of data bits,
mapping sets of said data bits onto successive logical states, wherein said logical states correspond to respective initial
sets of two initial quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) symbols chosen according to a QPSK mapping and according to a set
partitioning rule,

differentially encoding said logical states according to a differential encoding rule,
deriving for said differentially encoded logical states respective sets of two resulting QPSK symbols according to said QPSK
mapping and according to said set partitioning rule, and

transmitting said encoded sets of two QPSK symbols using polarization division multiplexing (PDM),
wherein said differential encoding rule causes a differential encoding of an initial set of QPSK symbols such that a first
initial QPSK symbol of said initial set is differentially encoded but not the other initial QPSK symbol of said initial set.

US Pat. No. 9,622,082

MOBILE TERMINAL THEFT DETECTION SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method to detect the theft of a mobile terminal connected to a radiocommunication network, the method performed by a
device operatively coupled to the network and comprising the steps of:
initially storing an IMSI identity and an IMEI number related to the mobile terminal in a database managed by a location register
operatively coupled to the network, and initially storing a secret data associated with an owner of the mobile terminal to
create a stored IMSI identity, a stored IMEI number and a stored secret data;

after authentication of the mobile terminal, obtaining a retrieved IMSI identity and a retrieved IMEI number retrieved from
the mobile terminal during authentication;

comparing the retrieved IMSI identity and the retrieved IMEI number with the stored IMSI identity and the stored IMEI number;
if either the retrieved IMSI identity or the retrieved IMEI number are different from the stored IMSI identity or the stored
IMEI number, obtaining entered secret data by sending a query to the mobile terminal requesting entry of secret data;

if the entered secret data is different from the stored secret data, detecting a theft of the mobile terminal.

US Pat. No. 11,129,186

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMISSION OF UPLINK GRANT

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...


1. A method of transmitting an uplink grant, comprising:transmitting the uplink grant by selecting a downlink subframe from a plurality of candidate downlink subframes, the plurality of downlink subframes enabling scheduling of at least one user equipment to start transmitting burst data in an uplink subframe, wherein the at least one user equipment is scheduled to transmit uplink data on multiple successive uplink subframes via one uplink grant once a channel on one of multiple candidate positions is obtained and a number of granted subframes for the at least one user equipment is explicitly indicated by uplink grant downlink control information,
wherein the method further comprises:
dynamically indicating an actual delay between the selected downlink subframe and the uplink subframe with downlink control information, the actual delay meeting a requirement of minimum scheduling delay.

US Pat. No. 10,772,055

BASE STATION SYNCHRONIZATION

Alcatel Lucent, Murray H...

1. A method comprising:transmitting, from a first base station, a first timing reference signal;
receiving, at the first base station, at least one second timing reference signal transmitted by at least one second base station;
determining at least one first timing offset between the first base station and the at least one second base station based on the at least one second timing reference signal; and
adjusting a timing associated with the first base station based on the at least one first timing offset and at least one second timing offset determined based on the first timing reference signal.

US Pat. No. 10,588,066

TRAFFIC OFFLOAD

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method, comprising:supporting simultaneous communication by a user equipment over a first wireless communication path with a first base station and a second wireless communication path with a second base station; and
applying a first security key for traffic over the first wireless communication path and a second security key for traffic over the second wireless communication path, the first security key being different from the second security key, wherein applying the second security key for traffic over the second wireless communication path comprises:
receiving security information from the first base station over the first wireless communication path;
deriving the second security key using the security information; and
encoding the traffic for transmission over the second wireless communication path using the second security key.

US Pat. No. 10,454,771

VIRTUAL INFRASTRUCTURE

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code;
wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:
receive infrastructure information describing infrastructure resources of a network infrastructure of a communication network, wherein the infrastructure resources comprise network resources and service resources;
process the infrastructure information, based on a set of infrastructure virtualization data structures, to provide virtualized infrastructure information describing virtualized infrastructure resources of a virtualized network infrastructure of the communication network;
wherein the set of infrastructure virtualization data structures includes at least one infrastructure virtualization data structure including:
a first set of fields configured to support management of the virtualized infrastructure resources by a set of multiple owners; and
a second set of fields configured to support hierarchical management of the virtualized infrastructure resources by a set of multiple tenants based on association of respective ones of the fields of the second set of fields with respective levels of a tenant hierarchy for the set of multiple tenants;
wherein the virtualized infrastructure resources comprise virtualized network resources representing virtualization of the network resources and virtualized service resources representing virtualization of the service resources; and
manage the virtualized infrastructure resources based on the virtualized infrastructure information describing the virtualized infrastructure resources.

US Pat. No. 10,455,458

CONTROL METHOD AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING ACCESS POINTS IN A WIRELESS NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. Control method for controlling a plurality of access points in a wireless network wherein the plurality of access points are operable on a plurality of communication channels, the control method comprising:obtaining from each access point of the plurality of access points at least one traffic parameter, the at least one traffic parameter being representative for a traffic load of the respective access point;
identifying from said plurality of access points a target access point having a highest traffic load, based on said obtained at least one traffic parameter;
defining for each access point of the plurality of access points a corresponding interference threshold;
setting a transmit power of the target access point to a target transmit power and assigning to the target access point a target communication channel from among the plurality of communication channels, such that interference at any one access point of the plurality of access points is lower than the corresponding interference threshold of said any one access point.

US Pat. No. 10,419,518

CONTROL AND SUPERVISION OF CONNECTED OBJECTS

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for supervision and control of connected objects registered in an IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) network, said method comprising:receiving a first message containing an identifier of a connected object from a supervision server at an application server,
retrieving a SIP number of the connected object associated with the identifier of the connected object,
sending a second message containing the identifier of the connected object from the application server to a messaging server of the IMS network, the second message further containing instructions interpreted by the messaging server to send a control message to an instant messaging client of the connected object using the SIP number of the connected object, the second message and the control message containing a command that is executed by the connected object to trigger an action on at least one sensor of the connected object or activation of a resource of the connected object, and
receiving an update message from the connected object at the application server, the update message containing at least one value of a sensor of the connected object or an acknowledgment of said activation of said resource of the connected object.

US Pat. No. 10,419,364

METHOD FOR OPERATING A LINE SWITCHING COMPONENT, LINE SWITCHING COMPONENT, LINE CARD, AND NETWORK NODE THEREOF

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A line switching component connected to a line card of a network node, said line switching component comprising:at least one input port configured to receive a single wavelength optical input signal from an optical transport network,
at least one output port configured to transmit an optical output signal to said optical transport network,
at least one further output port configured to be connected to an input port of an optical interface of said line card,
at least one further input port configured to be connected to an output port of at least one further optical interface of said line card, and
a switchable optical path system configured to operate said line switching component in a first operation mode, wherein said switchable optical path system is configured to receive said single wavelength optical input signal at said at least one input port and to provide said single wavelength optical input signal via said at least one further output port to said optical interface for further processing of said single wavelength optical input signal at said optical interface and to receive said optical output signal from said at least one further optical interface at said at least one further input port to transmit said optical output signal via said at least one output port, and to operate said line switching component in a second operation mode, wherein said switchable optical path system is configured to forward said single wavelength optical input signal from said at least one input port to said at least one output port to transmit said single wavelength optical input signal as said optical output signal, when a malfunction has occurred at said line card or at said network node or when said second operation mode has been enforced, and wherein said line switching component is separable from said line card.

US Pat. No. 10,390,244

METHOD OF MEASURING RADIO LINK QUALITY IN A D2D USER EQUIPMENT

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method of measuring radio link quality in a D2D user equipment in a wireless communication system, wherein the wireless communication system includes an eNB and at least two D2D user equipments, the method comprising:a first D2D user equipment receives a discovery packet sent from a second D2D user equipment; and
the first D2D user equipment measures the radio link quality based on the reception of the discovery packet and generates a wireless link quality indication, which indicates sidelink quality between the first D2D user equipment and the second D2D user equipment;
wherein the at least two D2D user equipments include an alternative user equipment-to-network relay D2D user equipment and a remote D2D user equipment and wherein the wireless link quality indication is related to a number of the discovery packets needed for successful soft combined decoding; and
the first D2D user equipment is the remote D2D user equipment, and the second D2D user equipment is the alternative user equipment-to-network relay D2D user equipment; or
the first D2D user equipment is the alternative user equipment-to-network relay D2D user equipment, and the second D2D user equipment is the remote D2D user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,321,452

METHOD FOR DETERMINING RESOURCES OF PHYSICAL DOWNLINK CONTROL CHANNELS

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method, in a UE or an eNB, of determining resources to be decoded by the UE to retrieve physical downlink control channels, comprising:determining a start position of a unit of resources in one physical resource block pair according to UE specific information;
determining a gap between two of the units; and
determining a set of units, in a given plurality of physical resource block pairs, according to said start position and said gap, as the resources to be decoded,
wherein the gap between two of the units is not an integer-multiple of the size of one of the physical resource block pairs.

US Pat. No. 10,285,100

INDICATION OF IMEISV OVER MAP FOR INTER-MSC HANDOVER

ALCATEL LUCENT, Boulogne...

1. A method for inter-Mobile Switching Center (MSC) handover of a mobile device, the method comprising:sending, when an International Mobile Equipment Identity and Software Version Number (IMEISV) of the mobile device is not yet available, a Mobile Application Part (MAP) Prepare Handover message;
requesting, by an anchor MSC, subsequent to the sending the MAP Prepare Handover message, the IMEISV of the mobile device from the mobile device;
receiving, at the anchor MSC, the IMEISV of the mobile device in response to the requesting; and
forwarding, from the anchor MSC, a corresponding User Equipment Specific Behaviour Information (UESBI) over an IU interface (UESBI-Iu) value in a message to a target MSC.

US Pat. No. 10,264,117

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING A BROKEN BINDER

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for detecting a broken binder in an access network comprising a plurality of telecommunication lines grouped in respective binders, executed by a detection device, comprising:identifying a plurality of telecommunication lines for which a transmission interruption has been detected within a given time period,
obtaining line data associated with the identified telecommunication lines,
for respective pairs of identified telecommunication lines, determining a virtual distance between two of the identified telecommunication lines, in function of the associated line data,
determining at least one cluster of telecommunication lines in function of the virtual distance, and
detecting a broken binder in function of the determined at least one cluster.

US Pat. No. 10,250,569

SECURE REGISTRATION TO A SERVICE PROVIDED BY A WEB SERVER

Alcatel Lucent, Paris (F...

1. A method for controlling a secure registration for a service provided by a web server from a communication terminal in a telecommunications network, comprising: in response to a connection by the communication terminal to the web server that prompted a user to provide an email address, saving, at the web server, a dynamically generated code associated with an Internet Protocol (IP) address of the communication terminal and transmitting a message containing the code to the email address provided by the user; automatically transmitting, at the web server, an application to the communication terminal that automatically installs the application, the application being capable of generating an automated test to distinguish computers from humans and capable of transmitting an answer to the test directly to the web server; decrypting, at the web server, an answer provided by the user to a test generated by the application and received from the communication terminal, the answer being encrypted with the IP address of the communication terminal and the code contained within the message transmitted to the email address provided by the user; and comparing, at the web server, the decrypted answer with an expected answer to allow the user access to the web server on a condition that the decrypted answer matches the expected answer.

US Pat. No. 10,200,429

EFFICIENT AND SCALABLE CACHING AND REPRESENTATION OF MEDIA WITH CROSS-SIMILARITIES

ALCATEL LUCENT, Boulogne...

1. A decoding apparatus, comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code;
the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the decoding apparatus to at least perform:
receiving a skeleton file for at least one media file patch of a media file from an encoding apparatus via a communication network, the skeleton file including at least one identification for at least one representation of an object with which said at least one media file patch is related and at least one residual for said at least one media file patch;
extracting from the skeleton file the at least one identification associated with the at least one representation and looking up at least one corresponding representation in a dictionary of a storage medium;
extracting from the skeleton file the at least one residual for said at least one media file patch;
decoding said at least one residual; and
rendering the at least one media file patch based on the looked-up at least one corresponding representation
and the decoded residual.

US Pat. No. 10,171,652

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A VECTOR PROCESSOR

ALCATEL LUCENT, Boulogne...

1. A method for controlling a vector processor for jointly processing signals to be transmitted over, or received from, a group of vectored lines, and configured with a current set of vectoring coefficients, the method comprising:temporarily configuring the vector processor with a new set of vectoring coefficients during one or more selected symbol positions;
restoring the current set of vectoring coefficients outside the one or more selected symbol positions;
obtaining at least one error measure over respectively at least one line of the group of vectored lines during the one or more selected symbol positions; and
determining a suitability indication for the new set of vectoring coefficients based on the obtained at least one error measure.

US Pat. No. 9,980,107

VEHICLE MESSAGING

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A vehicle messaging reception method, performed by one or more processors, comprising:on receipt of a vehicle-to-vehicle message over a vehicle-to-vehicle radio link identifying a vehicle event, initiating a preparatory vehicle action in preparation for a vehicle action; and
on receipt of an infrastructure-to-vehicle message over an infrastructure-to-vehicle radio link, said infrastructure-to-vehicle message identifying said vehicle event, initiating said vehicle action.

US Pat. No. 9,883,050

FLEXIBLE ONLINE CHARGING SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method performed by a policy and charging rules function (PCRF) node for selecting an Online Charging System (OCS), the
method comprising:
receiving at said PCRF node, a session establishment request for a subscriber;
selecting an OCS realm for said subscriber session based on, in order of priority: policy rules; subscriber attribute; or
system preference;

selecting an OCS host for said subscriber session based on, in order of priority: policy rules; subscriber attribute; or system
preference; and

creating an Sy session using the selected OCS realm and selected OCS host.

US Pat. No. 9,806,905

WIFI BOOST WITH UPLINK OFFLOAD TO LTE WITH INDEPENDENT IP ADDRESSES

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A radio access network element comprising:
a local gateway and router device configured to route uplink IP packets from a base station to a network element of a wireless
local area network (WLAN) by configuring an IP route for the uplink IP packets based on a source IP address of the uplink
IP packets, wherein

the source IP address is obtained from the WLAN,
the uplink IP packets originate from a user equipment application having the source IP address, and
the uplink IP packets have an indicator indicating that the uplink IP packets were received at the base station over a cellular
link between the user equipment and the base station.

US Pat. No. 9,699,111

CONTROL OF SUPPLEMENTAL CONTENT IN A DATA FLOW

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for controlling transmission of supplemental content in a telecommunications network, the method comprising:
receiving at a network element in a Packet-Switched (PS) network that serves a User Equipment (UE) a data flow of packets
for a download of content requested by the UE;

identifying in the data flow supplemental content that was not requested by the UE;
making a determination to transmit the supplemental content to the UE;
transmitting the data flow including the supplemental content to the UE based on the determination to transmit the supplemental
content;

determining charging information to be charged to the UE for at least a portion of the data flow transmitted to the UE;
determining charging information for the supplemental content;
generating at least one charging request for charging for the transmission of the data flow to the UE;
inserting the charging information for the supplemental content and the charging information for the data flow into a same
or separate charging request; and,

transmitting the at least one charging request to a charging system,
wherein the charging information for the supplemental content is determined based on a party identifier included in the received
data flow, the party identifier included in the received data flow indicating a party to be charged for the transmission of
the supplemental content to the UE.

US Pat. No. 9,621,407

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PATTERN HIDING AND TRAFFIC HOPPING

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a processor and a memory communicatively connected to the processor, the processor configured to:
maintain a plurality of available virtual user spaces associated with a user, each of the available virtual user spaces comprising
a respective virtual user identity associated with the user and a respective virtual user device associated with a user device
of the user, wherein the respective virtual user identity comprises virtual user information for the user that is at least
partially different than real user information associated with the user, wherein the respective virtual user device comprises
virtual user device information for the user device that is at least partially different than real user device information
associated with the user device;

receive an indication of a communication action associated with the user device of the user, wherein the indication of the
communication action includes information associated with the communication action, wherein the information associated with
the communication action comprises a real user identity of the user, device information of the user device, and a communication
action type of the communication action;

select, from the plurality of available virtual user spaces associated with the user and based on the information associated
with the communication action, a selected virtual user space for the communication action, wherein the selected virtual user
space is selected based on the real user identity of the user, the device information of the user device, and the communication
action type of the communication action; and

process the communication action based on the selected virtual user space.

US Pat. No. 9,621,454

SPANNING TREE PROTOCOL WITH BURST AVOIDANCE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A switching device adapted to perform burst control in a data communications network comprising a plurality of bridges,
the switching device comprising:
at least one port enabled with a link management protocol for receiving a bridge protocol data unit (BPDU); and
a burst control state machine configured to:
prevent invocation of a burst avoidance process responsive to any port of at least one bridge attempting to propagate a topology
change notification through said network and if the port from which the BPDU is received is attempting to become a designated
bridge;

initiate a burst avoidance process by the port upon receipt of the BPDU responsive to the port being a root port in a forwarding
state that is transitioning to a designated role as part of a topology change and the port receiving current information from
the designated bridge; and

transition from a current state of the BPDU to an update state of the BPDU during the burst avoidance process; and
wherein the invocation of the burst avoidance process is prevented by a delay in the transmission of the BPDU from the port.

US Pat. No. 10,959,115

COMMUNICATION METHODS AND DEVICES FOR JOINT OPTIMIZATION OF TRANSMIT POWER AND TRANSMISSION RATE

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A communication method, comprising:obtaining, from receivers of a plurality of communication links, respective normalized power values of sums of interference and noise experienced by the receivers and transmit power values of transmitters of the plurality of communication links, each of the plurality of links supporting a plurality of service types of transmissions, respective transmission rate targets being defined for the plurality of service types according to different qualities of service required by the plurality of service types, and the transmission rate targets being sorted as a first sequence in a first order;
determining, for the plurality of links, values of non-linear combinations of the transmit powers and the normalized powers corresponding to the plurality of links respectively;
arranging the values of the non-linear combinations corresponding to the plurality of links as a second sequence in the first order; and
providing the transmitters of the plurality of links with location sequence numbers of the values of the non-linear combinations in the second sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,958,651

METHOD OF PROVIDING NOMADIC SERVICE THROUGH VIRTUAL RESIDENTIAL GATEWAY

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of providing a nomadic service, the method comprising steps ofi. sending, by a user, a nomadic service request to an Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA) server to determine whether the nomadic service request is allowed;
ii. causing, by sending the nomadic request to the AAA server, a Software Defined Network (SDN) controller to initiate a service module for the nomadic service in a corresponding virtual Residential Gateway (vRG) platform or to select a corresponding service module in a vRG of the user, if the nomadic service request is allowed, based upon the nomadic service and upon a path establishment request; and
iii. causing the SDN controller to determine and configure a network delivery path between the user and the service module based upon the path establishment request and a position of the service module;
wherein the step (ii) comprises
causing the SDN controller to determine the position of the service module based upon mobility of the user and implementation manner of vRGs in the network, wherein
when each of the vRGs in the network is implemented in a centralized vRG platform, causing the SDN controller to select the service module in the vRG of the user for the nomadic service; and
when the vRGs in the network are implemented in a distributed manner, causing the SDN controller to initiate the service module in a current vRG of the user, or instantiating a temporary virtual gateway comprising the service module in the centralized vRG platform, based upon the mobility of the user,
wherein the centralized vRG platform is located in a broadband network gateway (BNG) or between the BNG and a home network access node or in a data center connected with an access network.

US Pat. No. 10,924,507

AUTO CONFIGURATION SERVER AND METHOD

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method to prevent internet protocol address spoofing for execution by an Auto Configuration Server being coupled via at least one load balancer in a broadband network to at least one device comprising at least one gateway device, in at least one home network said method comprises remotely managing said device by using a CPE WAN Management Protocol on top of a Hypertext Transfer Protocol, said method comprises:receiving from said device a CWMP Inform message;
determining from said CWMP Inform message according to a CWMP data model parameter a public IP address of said gateway device;
retrieving from a X-Forwarded For field in a http header field at a http level of said CWMP Inform message a Forwarded IP address;
comparing said public IP address with said Forwarded IP address; and
deciding based on the comparison whether spoofing is present,
wherein the retrieving includes,
predetermining a number n of said at least one load balancers, according to a network topology in said broadband network, through which the CWMP Inform message passes in order to reach said Auto Configuration Server; and
retrieving said Forwarded IP address in said X-Forwarded For field as a function of an n-most last IP address.

US Pat. No. 10,808,729

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN OSCILLATION BLADE DEVICE AND A SYSTEM COMPRISING THE APPARATUS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. An apparatus comprising:a power source configured to generate an alternating electric excitation signal;
a current detector configured to measure amplitude values of a current supplied by the power source; and
a processor configured to cause the apparatus to,
apply, by the power source, a first alternating electric excitation signal to an oscillation blade device at a first excitation frequency causing a blade of the oscillation blade device to oscillate at a first oscillation frequency,
measure, by the current detector, amplitude values of the current supplied by the power source to the oscillation blade device, said current representing a frequency which is a combination of the first excitation frequency and the first oscillation frequency of the blade, the combination resulting from a beating phenomenon in the oscillation of the blade,
assess a plurality of successive peak values of said measured amplitudes,
determine a second oscillation frequency for the blade if variation in the successive peak values is detected, and
apply, by the power source, a second alternating electric excitation signal to the oscillation blade device at a second excitation frequency which is equal to the determined second oscillation frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,772,011

WIRELESS TRANSMISSION CONTROL FOR IMPROVED AGGREGATED CELL THROUGHPUT CAPACITY AND SIGNALING RELIABILITY

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code;
wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:
determine, by a network device based on monitoring for downlink radio link layer (RLL) retransmissions for a wireless user device, downlink RLL retransmission information associated with the wireless user device; and
determine, by the network device based on the downlink RLL retransmission information associated with the wireless user device, whether to modify a downlink channel operating parameter associated with the wireless user device, wherein the downlink channel operating parameter comprises a channel quality indicator (CQI) parameter or a number of blind retransmissions parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,763,965

WIRELESS ACCESS SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A wireless access system, comprising:a baseband processing unit (BBU) pool,
an optical network unit (ONU), and
a set of remote radio heads, the BBU pool being connected to one or more ONUs, each of the ONUs being connected to at least two remote radio heads of the set of remote radio heads, a connection between each of the ONUs and each of the at least two remote radio heads being implemented using a twisted pair,
wherein the BBU pool compensates for crosstalk in transmission via the twisted pair.

US Pat. No. 10,757,625

ENHANCED INDICATION OF NETWORK SUPPORT OF SRVCC AND/OR VOICE-OVER-IMS FOR AN USER EQUIPMENT IN AN EPS NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code;
the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to:
signal to a core network entity serving an user equipment served by said apparatus in a mobile communication network, information as to voice-over-IMS support by radio access network nodes in said mobile communication network, wherein the information as to voice-over-IMS support by radio access network nodes comprises radio access network-level-support information, said signalling allowing a voice-over-IMS indication indicating voice-over-IMS supported or voice-over-IMS not supported sent by said core network entity to said user equipment to take said radio access network-level-support information into account.

US Pat. No. 10,673,499

APPARATUS, METHOD, CENTRAL UNIT AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR DETERMINING PRECODING INFORMATION

ALCATEL LUCENT, Boulogne...

1. An apparatus for determining information related to precoding in a mobile communication system, the mobile communication system comprising one or more relay station transceivers being configured to provide wireless services to one or more mobile transceivers of the mobile communication system via a first radio channel, the one or more relay station transceivers being configured to use wireless backhaul communication to communicate with a central unit of the mobile communication system via a second radio channel, the apparatus comprising:one or more interfaces configured to obtain information related to the first radio channel or an effective access channel, and to obtain information related to the second radio channel; and
a control module configured to determine the information related to the precoding based on the information related to the first radio channel or the effective access channel, and based on the information related to the second radio channel, wherein the information related to the first radio channel and the information related to the second radio channel is estimated together as an estimated effective access channel, comprising the first radio channel, the second radio channel and backhaul precoding at the one or more mobile transceivers.

US Pat. No. 10,651,902

REDUCING DISTORTIONS IN AMPLIFIED SIGNALS RADIATED BY A MULTIPLE ANTENNA SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. Circuitry for reducing distortions in a plurality of amplified signals to be radiated by a multiple antenna system, said circuitry comprising:a plurality of inputs configured to perform receiving a digital signal for a plurality of forward data paths;
routing circuitry configured to perform routing said input digital signals received at said plurality of inputs to pre-distortion logic for applying a pre-distortion function to each of said input digital signals, said pre-distortion logic being operable to forward each of said signals towards a digital to radio frequency converter and subsequent amplifier for amplifying said signals prior to said signals being radiated;
one or more feedback paths comprising processing logic configured to perform comparing a feedback signal generated from one of said amplified signals with said digital input signal from which said amplified signal stemmed, to determine a function to be applied by said pre-distortion logic to said input signal;
selecting logic configured to perform selecting said input signal to be provided with said feedback;
wherein
said pre-distortion logic comprises a plurality of pre-distortion logic units, and said routing circuitry comprises first switching logic configured to perform selectively routing at least one of said inputs to at least one of said plurality of pre-distortion logic units.

US Pat. No. 10,581,570

METHOD FOR ASSISTING DATA TRANSMISSION ON A FIRST CARRIER BY INDICATING A TERMINATION POINT OF DATA TRANSMISSION

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for assisting data transmission on a first carrier by indicating a termination point of data transmission in a transmitting device, wherein the method comprises:transmitting data on the carrier to a receiving device in a first subframe; and
transmitting downlink control information to the receiving device;
wherein the downlink control information includes a termination point indication for indicating a point within the first subframe and before a subframe boundary of the first subframe where the data in the first subframe terminates.

US Pat. No. 10,506,488

SETUP OR MODIFICATION OF DATA FLOWS BETWEEN USER EQUIPMENT IN DUAL CONNECTIVITY

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method, in a radio communication system, for modification of data flows with user equipment in dual connectivity with a primary node and a secondary node of the system, comprising:selecting, by a mobility management entity, a serving gateway or a PDN gateway of the core network, that a data flow is to be transmitted to the user equipment in dual connectivity via the secondary node;
upon the secondary node being selected:
transmitting, from the mobility management entity to the primary node, a bearer modification request for the data flow;
transmitting an offloading bearer request message from the primary node to the secondary node, and
transmitting an offloading bearer response message from the secondary node to the primary node; and
transmitting the data flow to the user equipment via the selected secondary node;
wherein the primary node is a cellular telecommunications base station and the secondary node is a cellular telecommunications base station.

US Pat. No. 10,411,821

TRANSMISSION METHOD

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for transmitting client data included in a client signal via an optical transmission path of an optical transport network, the optical transport network using transport frames comprising a transport frame period for transmitting client data, the method comprising the steps of:receiving multiple client data bits during a transport frame period;
determining a number of client data entities corresponding to the received multiple client data bits to establish a mean number of client data entities to be included in a transport frame, the mean number of the client data entities corresponding to a mean number of client data bits;
mapping multiple client data entities into the transport frame, wherein the mapping comprises alternately adding and subtracting an amount of client data bits to/from the mean number of client data bits for at least two consecutive transport frames; and
transmitting the transport frames comprising the client data via the optical transport network.

US Pat. No. 10,250,579

SECURE FILE TRANSFERS WITHIN NETWORK-BASED STORAGE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A first server, comprising:a processor and a memory communicatively connected to the processor, the processor configured to:
generate, by the first server, an announcement message including a link specifying a file location and a file name of a user file stored on the first server for a user, wherein the link has a property of the user encoded therein;
propagate, by the first server, the announcement message for delivery to the user;
receive, by the first server from a second server, a request to establish a secure connection between the first server and the second server;
receive, by the first server from the second server, a request for the user file stored on the first server for the user, wherein the request includes the link;
determine, by the first server based on receipt of the request for the user file from the second server, that the user file is protected by a challenge-response authentication process;
propagate, by the first server toward the second server, a challenge comprising a request for a challenge value associated with the user file;
receive, by the first server from the second server, a challenge response including the challenge value associated with the user file, wherein the challenge value associated with the user file comprises the property of the user;
determine, by the first server based on the link, a comparison value associated with the user file, wherein the comparison value associated with the user file comprises the property of the user; and
propagate the user file from the first server toward the second server via the secure connection based on a determination that the challenge value and the comparison value match.

US Pat. No. 10,250,731

CONTROL OF USER EQUIPMENT FUNCTIONALITY

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at a network control node, an incoming call signal comprising an automatic answer and remote loudspeaker activation request indicator in one or more header fields and a predetermined dialed number;
identifying, at the network control node, at least one user equipment mapped to said predetermined dialed number as indicated by configuration information associated with each at least one user equipment;
generating a call signal to the at least one user equipment, said call signal comprising a combined automatic answer and loudspeaker activation indication; and
transmitting said call signal with said combined automatic answer and loudspeaker activation indication towards said at least one user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,171,679

DIFFERENTIAL ONLINE CHARGING FOR TEXT MESSAGES BASED ON NETWORK TYPE

Alcatel Lucent, Paris (F...

1. A system comprising:a message center for text messaging that is coupled to a plurality of mobile networks which comprise different technology networks, wherein the message center includes:
an interface operable to receive a send request for a Mobile Terminated (MT) text message; and
a controller operable to generate an online credit request for the MT text message, to determine a technology network type for a terminating mobile network where the MT text message is destined, and to insert an indicator of the technology network type for the terminating mobile network in the online credit request;
the interface is further operable to transmit the online credit request to an online charging system.

US Pat. No. 9,869,750

OTDOA IN UNLICENSED BAND FOR ENHANCEMENTS OF HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL POSITIONING

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A user equipment, comprising:
a processor configured to measure a time difference of arrival of a plurality of signals received at the user equipment, at
least one of the plurality of signals being a location specific service reference signal dedicated to providing only position
information as payload information, for a network node to the user equipment, the at least one of the plurality of signals
having been received at the user equipment on at least one unlicensed band of an unlicensed wireless carrier, which is configured
as a secondary cell of a licensed carrier; and

a transceiver connected to the processor, the transceiver being configured to report the time difference of arrival measurements
for the plurality of signals to a location computation center along with a time stamp for each of the measurements.

US Pat. No. 9,832,703

OPTIMIZATION OF APPLICATION LAYER TRAFFIC CARRIED BY AN IP CONNECTION OVER A MOBILE NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for optimization of application layer traffic carried by an IP connection over a multi-access technology mobile
network between a User Equipment (UE) and an IP connection endpoint in an IP network, said optimization being based on network
information provided using a Client-Server based network information service, said method comprising:
receiving a request for said network information sent by a Local Client including path costs attributes identifying access
technologies at a network information service level, said path costs attributes being mapped from connection attributes identifying
said access technologies at a mobile network level, said connection attributes being provided by said UE for use by said network
information service;

receiving IP network path costs provided by a Core Server, said IP network path costs indicating preferences in terms of IP
network paths;

merging said IP network path costs with mobile network path costs provided by a Local Server, said mobile network path costs
indicating preferences in terms of mobile network paths; and

sending a response to said request for said network information to said Local Client, said network information including different
path costs values for different path costs attributes identifying different access technologies based on said merging, said
network information including path costs capable of indicating preferences in terms of network paths for said IP connection,
said preferences in terms of network paths including preferences in terms of access technologies.

US Pat. No. 9,722,664

DETECTION OF DEMAPPING ERRORS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A vectoring controller comprising:
a memory having computer readable instructions stored thereon; and
at least one processor configured to execute the computer readable instructions to,
estimate at least one crosstalk coefficient at a given carrier frequency from at least one respective disturber line towards
a victim line of a vectoring group,

assign at least one crosstalk probing sequence out of a set of orthogonal crosstalk probing sequences to the at least one
respective disturber line for modulation at the given carrier frequency of at least one respective sequence of crosstalk probing
symbols,

receive error samples as successively measured by a receiver coupled to the victim line at the given carrier frequency while
the at least one sequence of crosstalk probing symbols are being transmitted over the at least one respective disturber line,
and

correlate the received error samples with at least one unassigned crosstalk probing sequence out of the set of orthogonal
crosstalk probing sequences for detection of a demapping error in the received error samples, the at least one unassigned
crosstalk probing sequence being not actively used by any line of the vectoring group during the transmission of the at least
one sequence of crosstalk probing symbols over the at least one respective disturber line.

US Pat. No. 11,076,280

USER EQUIPMENT, SERVING BASE STATION, AND METHODS OF USER EQUIPMENT AND SERVING BASE STATION

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...


1. A method for wireless communications by a user equipment, the user equipment operable to perform a cellular transmission towards a serving base station, comprising:generating a request message including a frequency for a device-to-device (D2D) discovery transmission;
sending the request message towards the serving base station for requesting allocation of a resource for the D2D discovery transmission, so to enable the serving base station to determine whether the resource is to be allocated by the serving base station or a non-serving base station;
receiving from the serving base station an indication message for indicating the allocated resource; and
performing the D2D discovery transmission on the allocated resource while simultaneously the cellular transmission towards the serving base station is performed.

US Pat. No. 11,064,404

HANDOVER METHOD FOR WIRELESS DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...


1. A method of wireless data transmission to trigger a handover or a handover decision of the wireless data transmission, comprising:detecting, by at least one first processor of a first radio access point, a degradation of a first radio link established for a first frequency band between the first radio access point and a user equipment based on a performance indicator of a radio link quality of the first radio link, the detected degradation being detected by a comparison of the performance indicator to a threshold;
sending, by the at least one first processor to at least one second processor of a network entity, information on the detected degradation;
sending, by the at least one second processor to the user equipment, a request for a measurement of a radio link quality for at least one second radio link in response to the detected degradation, the at least one second radio link being between a second radio access point operating in the first frequency band and the user equipment;
receiving, by the at least one second processor from the user equipment, a result of the measurement; and
sending, by the at least one second processor to the user equipment, a trigger for a handover or a handover decision of the wireless data transmission from the first radio link to the at least one second radio link depending on the result of the measurement,
the request for the measurement, the trigger for the handover or the handover decision and the result of the second measurement being transmitted via a third radio link between the user equipment and the network entity which is operating in a second frequency band,
the network entity being an evolved node B, a 5G node or a base station,
the first frequency band being above 6 GHz and the second frequency band being below 6 GHz.

US Pat. No. 10,955,911

GAZED VIRTUAL OBJECT IDENTIFICATION MODULE, A SYSTEM FOR IMPLEMENTING GAZE TRANSLUCENCY, AND A RELATED METHOD

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. Apparatus, comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code;
the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to perform:
identify, for a user, a gazed virtual child object of a virtual parent object of virtual parent objects based on a determined distance between said gazed virtual child object of a virtual parent object of said virtual parent objects and a gaze distance origin, based on captured gaze information, said captured gaze information comprising gaze coordinates representing a position on a display at which said user is looking, said display being configured to display a virtual scene representation of a virtual scene, said virtual scene representation comprising virtual object representations of virtual parent objects;
each virtual parent object of said virtual parent objects comprising at least one virtual child object:
to identify, for said user, said gazed virtual child object of said virtual parent object of said virtual parent objects based on said determined distance; and
to identify said virtual parent object of said virtual parent objects corresponding to said gazed virtual child object, based on said gazed virtual child object identified and an object hierarchy associated to said virtual parent object.

US Pat. No. 10,924,295

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OCCUPYING UNLICENSED BAND CHANNEL

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. A method, for occupying an unlicensed band channel; the method comprising:receiving at a user equipment a power increase rate of a reference signal transmission unit of an unlicensed band channel determined by a secondary cell (Scell) base station;
receiving at the user equipment, in the unlicensed band channel, a sub-frame of reference signal transmission unit level power distribution sent by the Scell base station;
decoding at the user equipment the power increase rate; and
using by the user equipment the power increase rate to process the sub-frame.

US Pat. No. 10,673,872

ADVANCED PERSISTENT THREAT DETECTION

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. A method for detecting a persistent attack in an information system infrastructure comprising resources that are associated with sensors able to send notifications to a management device, the notifications comprising a report on access of the associated resources, the method comprising the following steps in the management device:evaluating a threat level for an ongoing attack detected for a given set of resources based on received notifications having low weight in the evaluation of the threat level,
if the threat level is smaller than an entrapment threshold, activating sensors associated with the resources of the information system infrastructure that are potential subsequent targets of the ongoing attack, setting a weight of the notifications sent from the activated sensors as average weight in the evaluation of the threat level, and evaluating the threat level for the ongoing attack further based on received notifications sent from the activated sensors,
if the threat level is greater than the entrapment threshold, deploying traps in the information system infrastructure, the traps being potential subsequent targets of the ongoing attack and able to send notifications to the management device, setting the weight of the notifications sent from the deployed traps as high weight in the evaluation of the threat level, and evaluating the threat level for the ongoing attack further based on received notifications sent from the deployed traps, and
if the threat level is greater than a mitigation threshold that is greater than the entrapment threshold, sending an alert to a security management platform, the alert indicating that the ongoing attack is a persistent attack.

US Pat. No. 10,411,841

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NON-ADAPTIVE RETRANSMISSION

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for use in non-adaptive retransmission, the method comprising:receiving a cyclic shift indicator (CSI) in downlink control information (DCI), the cyclic shift indicator (CSI) indicating a configuration of an uplink (UL) demodulation reference signal (DM-RS);
configuring the uplink (UL) demodulation reference signal (DM-RS) for retransmission in response to a retransmission request according to the received CSI, wherein said configuring comprises: configuring the demodulation reference signal (DM-RS) to be the same as a demodulation reference signal for an initial transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,326,512

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SHORT-TERM FEEDBACK IN MULTI-INPUT MULTI-OUTPUT COMMUNICATIONS

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for multi-input multi-output MIMO communication in a wireless communication network, comprising:receiving, from a device, long-term precoding information for the MIMO communication, the long-term precoding information indicating a first group of beams for a first antenna polarization, and a second group of beams for a second antenna polarization;
receiving, from the device, short-term precoding information for the MIMO communication, the short-term precoding information indicating beams selected from the first group of beams and the second group of beams for different antenna polarizations respectively;
constructing a precoding matrix for the MIMO communication according to the long-term precoding information and the short-term precoding information, wherein the short-term precoding information indicates a short-term codebook W2 with one of the following structures:

wherein M and N represent the number of antennas of at a transmitter side in the vertical domain and the horizontal domain respectively; ek and ek? denote a vector with 1 at the k-th and the k?-th elements and zeros otherwise respectively for selecting a beam from the first group of beams for the first antenna polarization; el and el? denote a vector with the 1 at the l-th and the l?-th elements and zeros otherwise respectively for selecting a beam from the second group of beams for the second antenna polarization; ?q and ?q? denote phase adjustment for the vertical domain and the horizontal domain respectively, wherein q and q? denote an index of a candidate phase adjustment factor; ? denotes Kronecker product operation; “?” denotes a dot product; and
transmitting data encoded according to the precoding matrix to the device.

US Pat. No. 10,320,599

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING A MULTI-CARRIER MODULATED SIGNAL

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method of providing a multi-carrier modulated signal which comprises at least one sub-band, wherein said sub-band comprises a plurality of subcarriers, said method comprising:receiving an input signal vector, wherein each component of said input signal vector is associated with one of said plurality of subcarriers,
expanding said input signal vector by adding one or more additional vector elements at least one of in front of or after the components of said input signal vector, whereby an expanded signal vector is obtained,
upsampling the expanded signal vector, whereby an upsampled signal vector is obtained, and
filtering the upsampled signal vector to obtain a filtered sub-band output signal;
wherein said upsampling comprises:
applying an inverse discrete Fourier transform (iDFT) using an inverse fast Fourier transform (iFFT) to said expanded signal vector, whereby a first time domain vector is obtained,
expanding said first time domain vector by adding at least one additional vector element at least one of in front of or after the components of said first time domain vector, whereby a second time domain vector is obtained, and
applying a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) using a fast Fourier transform (FFT) to said second time domain vector, whereby said upsampled signal vector is obtained; and
wherein for said applying said DFT to said second time domain vector, NFFTu many points are used, wherein NFFTu is chosen to be smaller than a system bandwidth sb, wherein said system bandwidth sb is defined in accordance with the equation sb=Bmax·ni, wherein Bmax is the number of sub-bands of said multi-carrier modulated signal, and wherein ni is the number of subcarriers per sub-band.

US Pat. No. 10,291,968

SYNCHRONIZATION BETWEEN MULTIMEDIA FLOWS AND SOCIAL NETWORK THREADS

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. A method for controlling synchronization between a multimedia flow and a related social network thread, comprising the following in a device able to capture the multimedia flow and the social network thread:selecting a time interval as a function of a peak identified in a social network thread,
producing a list of multimedia keywords associated with a part of the multimedia flow corresponding to the time interval, each multimedia keyword being associated with a timestamp,
determining a list of social keywords associated with a part of the social network thread corresponding to the time interval, each social keyword being associated with a timestamp and via analysis of descriptors for social network threads in the time interval,
producing a filtered list of filtered multimedia keywords by selecting distinctive multimedia keywords, each filtered multimedia keyword being associated with a set of similar social keywords identified as having a similarity ratio above a predetermined threshold,
computing a set of delays for at least one filtered multimedia keyword, each delay corresponding to the time difference between the timestamp of the filtered multimedia keyword and the timestamp of a similar social keyword associated with the filtered multimedia keyword,
determining a drift for the time interval by means of at least one set of delays, wherein the drift for the time interval is determined as a function of global delays related to filtered multimedia keywords, a global delay related to a filtered multimedia keyword being an average of a given number of delays associated with the filtered multimedia keyword.

US Pat. No. 10,270,556

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HYBRID MULTIPLEXING/DE-MULTIPLEXING IN PASSIVE OPTICAL NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for hybrid multiplexing in a passive optical network, the method comprising:dividing N first intermediate frequency sub-bands evenly into M clusters, wherein each of the clusters contains K first intermediate frequency sub-bands and N=M*K, and wherein each of the K first intermediate frequency sub-bands carries a baseband digital electrical signal;
selecting, by a software defined first intermediate frequency multiplexer, baseband digital electrical signals of K first intermediate frequency sub-bands for each M cluster of the N first intermediate frequency sub-bands for software defined frequency division multiplexing to form multiplexed digital electrical signals for each M cluster suitable for conversion into analog electrical signals for each M cluster; and
frequency division multiplexing, by an analog hardware cluster multiplexer, the analog electrical signals of the M clusters on a second intermediate frequency sub-band to form a multiplexed analog electrical signal.

US Pat. No. 9,832,648

ACCESS CONTROL OF GEO-FENCED SERVICES USING CO-LOCATED WITNESSES

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

16. An apparatus, comprising:
a processor and a memory communicatively connected to the processor, the processor configured to:
receive a request by a user device to access a network-hosted service, the network-hosted service having associated therewith
a witness device and a spatial region to which access to the network-hosted service is confined;

propagate, toward the user device, a message configured to trigger the user device to initiate a local wireless broadcast,
wherein the message comprises an identifier and is configured to trigger the user device to include the identifier in the
local wireless broadcast;

propagate, toward the witness device, the identifier propagated toward the user device in the message configured to trigger
the user device to initiate the local wireless broadcast;

receive, from the witness device via a communication path that excludes the user device, location verification information
determined by the witness device based on the local wireless broadcast, wherein the location verification information received
from the witness device comprises an indication as to a result of a determination by the witness device as to whether the
identifier propagated toward the witness device matches the identifier received by the witness device from the user device
in the local wireless broadcast; and

determine, based on the location verification information, whether the user device is authorized to access the network-hosted
service.

US Pat. No. 9,647,805

METHOD FOR BEAM COORDINATION, AND A BASE STATION AND A USER TERMINAL THEREFOR

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for beam coordination between a first base station and a second base station, wherein:
reference signals transmitted from the first base station are measured by the second base station within the area served by
the second base station,

at least one interfering beam transmitted from the first base station which is relevant for creating interference for the
area served by the second base station is determined by the second base station based on said measured reference signals,

dependent on a ranking of said at least one interfering beam which is relevant for creating interference for the area served
by the second base station, a restriction of a use of at least one radio resource in the first base station in at least one
ranked interfering beam is performed,

and at least one user terminal served by the second base station is scheduled on at least one radio resource which is restricted
in use in the first base station (M1) in said at least one ranked interfering beam;

wherein the second base station temporarily stops downlink transmission on at least one subcarrier in order to receive said
reference signals on said at least one subcarrier.

US Pat. No. 11,088,859

METHOD FOR DELIVERING DYNAMIC POLICY RULES TO AN END USER, ACCORDING ON HIS/HER ACCOUNT BALANCE AND SERVICE SUBSCRIPTION LEVEL, IN A TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK

Nokia of America Corporat...


1. A method for delivering dynamic policy rules for an end user of a communication service during a communication session, comprising:receiving subscription information for a subscriber account associated with an end user of a communication service from a subscription profile repository (SPR) at a Policy and Charging Rules Function (PCRF) of a telecommunication network, wherein the PCRF determines an initial policy and initial rules for communication sessions associated with the subscriber account based at least in part on the subscription information;
providing the initial rules for the subscriber account from the PCRF to a Policy and Charging Enforcement Function (PCEF) of the telecommunication network and applying the initial rules to a communication session associated with the subscriber account via the PCEF, wherein the PCEF is associated with a gateway to an extended online charging system (EOCS);
sending a credit request from the PCEF to the EOCS for allocation of service units to the subscriber account during the communication session;
receiving a credit answer with an allocation of service units for the subscriber account from the EOCS at the PCEF during the communication session;
monitoring usage of the allocated service units at the PCEF after establishment of the communication session and sending a report on usage of the allocated service units from the PCEF to the EOCS during the communication session;
receiving a notification of policy change for the subscriber account from the EOCS at the PCRF during the communication session after the EOCS determines a counter associated with usage of the allocated service units for the subscriber account has changed based at least in part on the report from the PCEF, the report from the PCEF having caused the EOCS to determine a policy/rule change is needed for the subscriber account in conjunction with the change to the counter for the subscriber account, wherein the notification of policy change for the subscriber account indicates the policy/rule change is needed and triggers the policy/rule change for the subscriber account at the PCRF;
determining new rules for the subscriber account at the PCRF during the communication session, wherein the new rules are based at least in part on the notification of policy change for the subscriber account; and
providing the new rules for the subscriber account from the PCRF to the PCEF and applying the new rules for the subscriber account to the communication session via the PCEF.

US Pat. No. 11,018,423

ANTENNA AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. An antenna, comprising:a plurality of radiating plates oriented towards different directions for radiating electromagnetic waves;
a plurality of reflecting plates for reflecting the electromagnetic waves, such that the electromagnetic waves radiated by the plurality of radiating plates each have a respective directional radiation pattern; and
a switch for selecting a radiating plate from the plurality of radiating plates for performing radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,958,751

METHOD FOR VERIFYING A USER ASSOCIATION, INTERCEPTING MODULE AND NETWORK NODE ELEMENT

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for verifying an association between a user device and a group of user devices sharing a common subscription, the method comprising the steps of:intercepting, via an access device located in an access network, an application layer signaling message sent from the user device to an immediate service provider, wherein the application layer signaling message contains an identifier of a specific service provider for which signaling messages can be intercepted, and wherein the application layer signaling message comprises at least one of a Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), a Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP), a Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) or a RTP Control Protocol (RTCP); and
adapting, via the access device, the at least one of the SIP, RTP, RTSP or RTCP application layer signaling message with information and a line identification to include a guarantee to the immediate service provider that the at least one of the SIP, RTP, RTSP or RTCP application layer signaling message is sent from a location allowed by the common subscription, wherein the location allowed by the common subscription comprises a dwelling or a business location that has a unique identification, and wherein the line identification relates to deployed physical infrastructures in the access network; and
wherein the access network is a part of a communications network that connects the user device to the immediate service provider.

US Pat. No. 10,931,412

METHOD AND APPARATUS OF OBTAINING FEEDBACK OF HARQ ACKNOWLEDGMENT INFORMATION

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method of obtaining feedback of hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) acknowledgment information, comprising:allocating to a user equipment (UE) an uplink control channel resource for reporting HARQ acknowledgment information related to a downlink data transmission on an unlicensed carrier; and
obtaining feedback of the HARQ acknowledgment information from the UE within a predefined deferral window, the predefined deferral window specifying a minimum delay and a maximum delay for reporting the HARQ acknowledgment information;
wherein allocating to the UE the uplink control channel resource comprises allocating to the UE the uplink control channel resource on the unlicensed carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,911,287

TRANSMITTER AND CORRESPONDING METHOD

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A communication method, comprising:pre-processing a signal to be transmitted, the signal being across a plurality of sub-bands;
filtering the signal to generate a Universal-Filtered Orthogonal Frequency Division multiplexing (UF-OFDM) signal, two or more of the plurality of sub-bands being filtered by a common filter; and
transmitting the generated UF-OFDM signal,
wherein the pre-processing comprises:
pre-equalizing a frequency domain signal; and
transforming the frequency domain signal into a time domain by a frequency-time transformation to obtain the signal to be transmitted, and
wherein the pre-equalizing comprises:
determining a filter coefficient for the filtering; and
determining, based on a bandwidth of the plurality of sub-bands and the filter coefficient, a parameter for the pre-equalizing.

US Pat. No. 10,798,204

FILE BASED OR SINGLE MESSAGE BASED BULK OPERATION PROCESSING METHOD AND DEVICE

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A file based or single message based bulk operation processing method performed by a processor, the method comprising:constructing a configuration file including at least header information and a content part, the header information including at least a section index, the section index including at least length information of each command to be sent, the content part including a plain file formed by organizing corresponding commands to be sent in an order of the section index;
sending, to a receiving terminal, bulk requests including information related to the configuration file;
receiving a response from the receiving terminal; and
transmitting the configuration file based on the response from the receiving terminal;
wherein the configuration file further includes a field indicating whether the section index can hold length information of all commands, and adding a section index so as to hold length information of all commands if the section index cannot hold length information of all commands.

US Pat. No. 10,756,934

METHOD FOR CHANNEL ESTIMATION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, COMMUNICATION UNIT, TERMINAL AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for channel estimation in a wireless communication system comprising a communication unit and one or more terminals, wherein the communication unit comprises a plurality of antennas, the method comprising:transmitting pilot signals from at least one antenna of the plurality of antennas towards the one or more terminals;
performing correlative coding with respect to the transmitted pilot signals at the one or more terminals to form correlatively coded pilot signals, the correlatively coded pilot signals being provided with a terminal-specific correlation signature or an antenna-specific correlation signature if the one or more terminals comprise more than one antenna;
retransmitting the correlatively coded pilot signals from the one or more terminals to the plurality of antennas;
estimating uplink channels between the one or more terminals and the plurality of antennas based on the correlatively coded pilot signals; and
obtaining estimates of the downlink channels between the plurality of antennas and the one or more terminals based on the estimated uplink channels, wherein the method further comprises:
transmitting signals from the one or more terminals to the plurality of antennas, at least one signal comprising information related to an identity of the transmission source from which the signal originates; and
linking uplink and downlink channels to corresponding terminals using the transmission source identity information.

US Pat. No. 10,747,906

ENSURING USB ATTACK PROTECTION

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for ensuring a universal serial bus, USB, attack protection between a communication device and an accessory device, a protection device being inserted between the communication device and the accessory device through a USB link, the method comprising the following steps in the communication device:memorizing a highest value of indexes of string descriptor found in a USB Device Descriptor received from the accessory device,
sending a request for a string descriptor to the accessory device with a value of index higher than said highest value,
receiving a response generated and sent from the protection device, the response containing an identifier of the protection device, and
validating a presence of the protection device in response to the identifier being found in a database.

US Pat. No. 10,585,237

MULTIMODE OPTICAL FIBER, MODE DELAY ADJUSTER FOR FIBER SYSTEMS, AND METHODS TO USE SUCH FIBERS, ADJUSTERS, AND SYSTEMS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a series of spans of multimode optical fiber;
a plurality of differential group delay compensators, each compensator end-connecting adjacent ends of a corresponding pair of the spans of multimode optical fiber such that the spans and the compensators form a segment of a multimode optical link; and wherein:
each differential group delay compensator is configured to compensate for relative temporal delays caused by carrying data on different ones of the optical propagating modes of one of the spans of multimode optical fibers of the pair corresponding to the each differential group delay compensator, and
each span of multimode optical fiber is such that each optical propagating mode of a plurality therein has a group velocity whose value varies over a corresponding range for light in one of the optical telecommunications C-band, L-band, and S-band, the ranges of different ones of the modes of the plurality being non-overlapping, at least two group velocity-adjacent pairs of the ranges being separated by nonzero gaps of less than about 10,000 meters per second.

US Pat. No. 10,516,744

METHOD OF FILTERING APPLICATIONS

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A computer implemented method of filtering executable applications in a computing device, the device comprising a memory and a collection of executable applications stored in the memory, wherein the computing-device is connected to a network, the method comprises:determining for each application of the collection of applications a list of services required by the respective application to be executed by the user,
determining a position of the computing device,
retrieving, as a function of a position of the computing device a collection of available physical resources of the network as the physical resources able to be accessed by the computing device through the network, a physical resource being provided by a physical object near the position, comprising a communication interface adapted to receive instructions from the computing device and being able to provide a service in response to said instructions, wherein each physical resource is associated to a specific location, and wherein the collection of available physical resources is retrieved as a function of the distance between the location of the computing device and the associated specific locations,
comparing the list of services required by each application with the services provided by the collection of available physical resources so as to find a match for each required service of the list of the said application within the services provided by the collection of available physical resources,
generating a list of operational applications, wherein an operational application is an application for which each required service has a match in the services provided by the collection of available physical resources; and
configuring a graphical user interface to control execution of the applications as a function of the list of operational applications, and display the operational applications of the list of operational applications as graphical elements adapted each one to execute a respective operational application, wherein the configuration of the graphical element of the graphical user interface is made as a function of computed relevancy scores, and wherein the graphical elements are displayed according to the relevancy score of their respective operational application, wherein relevancy scores are based at least on location and operational application matching.

US Pat. No. 10,372,307

DETERMINING ACTIVE REAL OBJECTS FOR RUNNING A SOFTWARE APPLICATION

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method to run a software application accessible from a communication terminal using at least one real object, said method comprising:describing a curve in space from said communication terminal;
identifying a geographic zone based on said curve;
determining, by the communications terminal, a set of active real objects located within said geographic zone having a communication interface with a communication network;
identifying, by the communications terminal, an application that is compatible with at least one of said active real objects by querying a database associating available applications with required conditions, said query indicating abilities offered by the active real objects, and determining a set of applications for which associated required conditions correspond to abilities offered by the real objects in said set; and
interfacing said application with said active real objects.

US Pat. No. 10,318,522

TRIGGERING OF A SOFTWARE APPLICATION BY THE USE OF A CARTOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATION

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for triggering a software application accessible from a mobile terminal connected to a communication network and using at least one real physical object, the method comprising:detecting selection of a selected application by a user of a mobile terminal from among a set of available applications displayed on a screen of the mobile terminal, the set of available applications being accessible to the mobile terminal;
permitting the user to delimit at least one geographic area on a cartographic representation displayed on the screen of said mobile terminal;
accessing a description of the selected application, the description comprising one or more requirements that are necessary for execution of said selected application;
automatically determining a set of active real physical objects located in said at least one geographic area and accessible to the mobile terminal via a communication network, the set of active real physical objects determined based at least in part on a comparison of geographic positions of active real physical objects with characteristics of the at least one geographic area;
searching the set of active real physical objects and selecting a subset of active real physical objects, each selected real physical object in the subset of active real physical objects meeting at least one requirement indicated in the description of said selected application; and
interfacing said selected application with the subset of active real physical objects via the communication network;
wherein the mobile terminal informs the user if the subset of active real physical objects does not meet all the requirements present in the selected application's description;
wherein the mobile terminal proposes choosing another geographic area in response to detecting that the subset of active real physical objects does not meet all the requirements present in the selected application's description.

US Pat. No. 10,135,576

RATELESS ENCODING

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A receiver node operable to receive rateless encoded data packets from a transmitter node, said receiver node comprising:estimation logic operable to estimate a transiting number of rateless encoded data packets transiting between said receiver node and said transmitter node;
determining logic operable to determine an acknowledgement number of received rateless encoded data packets, said acknowledgement number of received rateless encoded data packets comprising a difference between a decoding number of rateless encoded data packets estimated to be required from a batch of rateless encoded data packets to decode said rateless encoded data packets from said batch and said transiting number of rateless encoded data packets; and
acknowledgement logic operable to transmit an acknowledgement to said transmitter node to cause said transmitter node to cease transmission of rateless encoded data packets from said batch of rateless encoded data packets when a received number of received rateless encoded data packets from said batch of rateless encoded data packets achieves said acknowledgement number of received rateless encoded data packets,
wherein said determining logic is operable to determine said decoding number of rateless encoded data packets by determining a number of rateless encoded data packets calculated as being required to be received to provide a selected probability of successful decoding of said batch,
wherein said determining logic is operable to determine said decoding number of rateless encoded data packets by determining said number of rateless encoded data packets calculated as being required to be received to provide said selected probability of successful decoding of said batch based on encoding parameters selected for said rateless encoded data packets.

US Pat. No. 11,128,377

METHOD AND DEVICE OF TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DATA

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...


1. A method of transmitting data, comprising:encoding, at an optical line terminal, data to be transmitted over a plurality of wavelength channels;
providing the encoded data to corresponding tunable wavelength lasers with heaters as modulation inputs, to enable the lasers to generate optical signals representing the data;
tuning, through heat, the optical signals to target channels;
multiplexing the optical signals; and
equalizing, with an optical equalizer based a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, the multiplexed optical signals for transmission via an optical transmission link,
wherein a free spectral range of the Mach-Zehnder interferometer is half an interval between wavelength channels, and
wherein a frequency red shift of the optical signals is selected as one third of the free spectral range.

US Pat. No. 11,128,559

MULTIPLE PATH TRANSMISSION OF DATA

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...


1. A user equipment, comprising:at least one processor and at least one memory including computer program code;
a network control domain with multiple communication paths and multiple physical interfaces, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause said network control domain to transmit multiple data streams via said multiple communication paths and said multiple physical interfaces in conjunction with data communications between said user equipment and a server; and
a user domain with conversion logic within said user domain, wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause said conversion logic to convert a single data stream from a user application in said user domain into said multiple data streams, wherein said conversion logic is operable to output said multiple data streams to said network control domain such that at least two of said multiple communication paths are used for transmission of said multiple data streams via at least two of said multiple physical interfaces.

US Pat. No. 11,115,240

METHODS, APPARATUSES, AND SYSTEMS FOR PERFORMING ANALOG CSI FEEDBACK

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...


1. A method for performing analog Channel State Information (CSI) feedback in a user equipment, comprising:obtaining an analog CSI matrix corresponding to the user equipment, the analog CSI matrix satisfies a condition below:X XH=D

where X denotes the analog CSI matrix, H denotes conjugate transpose of matrix, and D denotes a diagonal matrix;
obtaining dominated element information corresponding to the analog CSI matrix according to predetermined index information, and transmitting the dominated element information to a base station, wherein the predetermined index information includes any predetermined index information that can indicate respective elements which need to be transmitted to the base station,
wherein the dominated element information includes all non-zero elements in a matrix resulting from transforming the analog CSI matrix and the analog CSI matrix is obtained by:
determining a matrix resulting from transforming the analog CSI according to predetermined index information and the dominated element information, wherein other elements in the transformed matrix except the dominated element information are zero;
performing singular value decomposition to the transformed matrix to obtain singular values and right singular vectors corresponding to the transformed matrix, and obtaining the analog CSI matrix according to the singular values and the right singular vectors.

US Pat. No. 11,115,080

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINATION OF VECTORING MATRICES

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...


1. A vectoring controller configured to determine a vectoring matrix that is used for joint processing of Discrete Multi-Tone DMT communication signals to be transmitted over, or received from, a plurality of subscriber lines, the vectoring controller being configured to determine first coefficient values for the vectoring matrix at a first tone based on a first number of iterations through an iterative update algorithm and based on a first channel matrix estimate at the first tone, and to determine second coefficient values for the vectoring matrix at a second neighboring tone based on a second number of iterations through the iterative update algorithm and based on a second channel matrix estimate at the second tone,wherein the vectoring controller is further configured to start with default coefficient values as initial values for the determination of the first coefficient values through the iterative update algorithm, and to start with the first coefficient values as initial values for the determination of the second coefficient values through the iterative update algorithm,
and wherein the vectoring controller is further configured to set the second number of iterations to a value that is lower than the first number of iterations.

US Pat. No. 11,101,920

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING A PARTIAL SUB-FRAME DATA TRANSMISSION IN LTE SYSTEMS

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...


1. A method for supporting a partial sub-frame data transmission in a first device, comprising:performing a channel assessment in a previous sub-frame of a carrier;
starting a data transmission in the previous sub-frame after the successful channel assessment in the carrier;
transmitting to a second device, in a current sub-frame, a control message for indicating the data transmission started in the previous sub-frame after the successful channel assessment; and
before the starting, transmitting to the second device an initial control message for indicating a potential data transmission being started in a sub-frame in which the initial control message is transmitted;
wherein the initial control message further includes duration information for indicating a validity period of information contained in the initial control message.

US Pat. No. 11,095,616

VIRTUALIZED APPLICATION PERFORMANCE THROUGH DISABLING OF UNNECESSARY FUNCTIONS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...


1. A method, comprising:obtaining, by a hypervisor, a request from a first virtual machine to perform one or more of encrypting and decrypting of a communication between the first virtual machine and a second virtual machine;
determining, by the hypervisor, when said first and second virtual machines execute on a same host as the hypervisor at least in part by evaluating a context of said communication;
in response to said first and second virtual machines executing on said same host:
processing, by the hypervisor, said communication without performing said one or more of encrypting and decrypting of said communication; and
initiating, by the hypervisor, an encryption of further communications between said first virtual machine and said second virtual machine in response to detecting that at least one of said first virtual machine and said second virtual machine is moved to another host.

US Pat. No. 11,096,067

METHOD FOR COORDINATION OF TRANSMISSION FROM BASE STATIONS, AND A BASE STATION THEREFOR

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...


1. A method of coordinating transmissions from a pico base station for mobile communication in a communication network, the method comprising:evaluating usage of at least one non almost blank subframe by at least one macro base station, wherein the evaluating of the usage by the at least one macro base station is performed by a pico base station within a coverage area of the at least one macro base station; and
using said at least one non almost blank subframe for transmissions from the pico base station dependent on the evaluated usage of the at least one non almost blank subframe by said at least one macro base station.

US Pat. No. 11,096,109

METHODS AND NETWORK ELEMENTS FOR MULTI-CONNECTIVITY CONTROL

Alcatel Lucent S.A.S., N...


1. A first network element comprising:a non-transitory memory storing computer-readable instructions; and
at least one processor configured to execute the computer-readable instructions to cause the first network element to,
obtain user equipment side parameter values from a user domain of a user equipment, the user equipment side parameter values being at least one of values determined by the user equipment and values known by the user equipment, and the user equipment side parameter values including achievable data rate,
convert a first data stream received from a second network element into multiple second data streams over multiple data communication paths between the first network element and the user equipment, and
allocate the multiple second data streams to at least one of the multiple data communication paths based on the user equipment side parameter values.

US Pat. No. 11,087,317

AUTHENTICATION AND VERIFICATION SERVICES FOR THIRD PARTY VENDORS USING MOBILE DEVICES

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...


1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code;
wherein said at least one memory and said computer program code are configured to, with said at least one processor, cause said apparatus to at least:receive, at a service provider, identification information associated with a user of a mobile device and an identifier associated with said mobile device, said identification information comprising a user name;
determine, at said service provider, that said identification information is associated with a mobile device and a corresponding registered user of said service provider, said registered user being associated with a randomized key string adapted to enable a vendor to authenticate said user after receiving said randomized key string from said mobile device;
generate and direct said randomized key string toward said mobile device, wherein said randomized key string is generated and directed in response to receiving from said vendor said mobile device identifier and said identification information of said registered user of said service provider; and
communicate said randomized key string to said vendor in response to receiving from said vendor said mobile device identifier and said identification information of said registered user of said service provider, said communicating of said randomized key string being adapted to enable authentication of a user transaction by the vendor based on the randomized key string.


US Pat. No. 11,038,795

NEAR-REAL-TIME AND REAL-TIME COMMUNICATIONS

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, by a device of a network zone having a bounded latency associated therewith, lowest latency path information associated with a set of wavelength paths of the network zone;
receiving, by the device, an indication of data of a service to be communicated by the device; and
performing, by the device based on the lowest latency path information associated with the set of wavelength paths of the network zone, wavelength switching of the data of the service.

US Pat. No. 11,025,748

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SIMULTANEOUS ACCESS TO DATA PRODUCED BY DEVICES COUPLED TO A MOBILE SYSTEM COUPLED TO A CPE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for controlling access from at least one central application, via a client gateway connected to a mobile communication network, to data originating from at least two devices having respective IP prefixes and coupled to a mobile system comprising a first operating system being capable of exchanging data with a customer premises equipment coupled with the mobile system, and a second operating system comprising a tunnel layer and allowing coupling the at least two devices to the mobile system, said method comprising:obtaining, by said second operating system, a first IP address from said customer premises equipment, through said first operating system; and
transmitting, by said second operating system, said first IP address and said IP prefixes to said client gateway, through said first operating system and said customer premises equipment, to request the establishment of a tunnel between said second operating system and said client gateway, and thereby allowing said central application to access, via said client gateway, data generated by said devices;
wherein said established tunnel is of a GRE type.

US Pat. No. 11,012,131

METHOD FOR HYBRID PRECODING AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method implemented at a communication device in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving a plurality of signals associated with a pilot from a plurality of antennas of a further communication device in the wireless communication system over a wireless channel;
determining angle-domain characteristics of the wireless channel based on the plurality of signals; and
determining spatial correlation characteristics of the wireless channel based on the determined angle-domain characteristics;
wherein a bandwidth of the wireless communication system includes a first set of sub-carriers;
wherein a first number of the first set of sub-carriers exceeds a second number of time-domain samples included in each of the signals.

US Pat. No. 11,012,234

UNIQUE IDENTIFIER MODULE, A SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING WITH A UNIQUE IDENTIFICATION, A RELATED MODULE AND RELATED METHOD

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

3. A system comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the system to:
generate a predetermined signal for exciting a constellation of randomly distributed dielectric wave guide filaments;
measure a response signal at an output of said constellation of randomly distributed dielectric wave guide filaments;
generate a unique digital identifier based on said measured response signal and said predetermined input signal; and
the system further comprising:
an identifier module, wherein the identifier module comprises a corresponding constellation of randomly distributed dielectric wave guide filaments having an input and an output, whereby a random distribution of said randomly distributed dielectric wave guide filaments results in a configuration of the identifier module to generate a unique response signal at the output of the corresponding constellation of randomly distributed dielectric wave guide filaments in response to excitation of the corresponding constellation of randomly distributed dielectric wave guide filaments with a predetermined signal at the input of said corresponding constellation of randomly distributed dielectric wave guide filaments.

US Pat. No. 11,012,504

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR QUERY SELECTION AND ADMISSION (QSA) OPTIMIZATION FOR IOT AND OTHER APPLICATIONS

ALCATEL LUCENT, Boulogne...

1. A method for determining whether to admit a query in a network, the method comprising:determining a load for a network element in an uplink direction;
determining a load for the network element in a downlink direction; and
admitting the query based on the load in the uplink direction and the load in the downlink direction, wherein at least one of determining the load in the uplink direction and determining the load in the downlink direction includes:
determining the load for the network element based on an adaptive history for a type of the network element;
determining a cost of admitting the query based on a relative load that the query generates accounting for an amount of traffic the network element has admitted in the past;
decreasing a total cost of the query and one or more other queries that can be budgeted during a subsequent interval when a change in load is within a specified range;
increasing the total cost of the query and the one or more other queries that can be budgeted during a subsequent interval when the change in load is below a threshold;
adding the query to a data structure which keeps track of potentially admittable queries: and
for subsequent time intervals, admitting queries based upon both a determined load and a rate of change in load of each type of network element in both the downlink direction and the uplink direction and a relative load that the respective query generates.

US Pat. No. 10,979,980

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING PERMISSABLE AMPLIFYING OF ONE OR MORE DATA SYMBOLS USING AN OVERDRIVE REGIME

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

4. A method, comprising:operating a device within a communication system, comprising:
sending, via a transmitter of the device, a request to a base station of said communications system for permission of
transmission of one or more data symbols of a subframe, the one or more data symbols being amplified with a power amplifier of the transmitter in an overdrive regime;
receiving a grant for such transmission;
amplifying the one or more data symbols with the power amplifier of the transmitter in the overdrive regime and muting transmission of at least one remaining data symbol within the subframe; and
transmitting the one or more data symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,956,190

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MIGRATING A DATA SESSION, A NETWORK ELEMENT AND A COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method, in a virtualized system comprising multiple virtual machine (VM) instances executing over physical hardware, for migrating a data session from a first VM instance to a second VM instance, the method comprising:modifying a routing rule of a load balancer of the system such that the routing rule specifies that data from a client device destined for the first VM instance is queued, the routing rule representing at least one parameter for communications from the client device;
suspending processing, at the first VM instance, of pending requests from the client device;
transmitting, from the first VM instance to the load balancer, data representing a state of each pending request among the pending requests;
modifying the routing rule such that the routing rule specifies that the endpoint for a communication channel from the client device is the second VM instance;
transmitting the pending requests to the second VM instance; and
after transmitting the pending requests, modifying the routing rule such that the routing rule specifies that data from the client device is transmitted directly to the second VM instance.

US Pat. No. 10,959,060

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPLEMENTING MTC GROUP MESSAGE DELIVERY

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for controlling delivery of a machine type communication (MTC) group message in an MTC interworking function (MTC-IWF), wherein the method comprises:receiving a request message from a services capability server (SCS), wherein the request message includes a group identification, and the SCS requests to transmit a message to user equipments (UEs) within the group;
transmitting a policy information request to a policy and charging rules function (PCRF), which includes the identification for the group and a request to the PCRF for a policy that defines at least one restriction for message delivery of the group;
receiving a reply for the policy information request from the PCRF, the reply including the at least one restriction for message delivery of the group, the at least one restriction including a relay mode of the group message indicating whether the group message is relayed through a gateway or a primary UE;
based on the policy including the at least one restriction permitting message delivery to the group,
sending, to a home subscriber server, a user information request that includes the identification of the group and an identification of the SCS,
receiving, from the home subscriber server, group data that identifies members of the group based on the identification of the SCS, and
controlling the message delivery to the members of the group according to the at least one restriction for message delivery defined by the policy,
wherein the message delivery includes delivery of device triggers and of group messages other than device triggers; and
transmitting the message to UEs within the group via a network element specified by a routing path included in the policy.

US Pat. No. 10,944,664

ESTIMATING BANDWIDTH IN A HETEROGENEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Nokia of America Corporat...

5. A method comprising:receiving, at a user equipment, a first number of packets over an air interface;
determining, at the user equipment, inter-arrival packet delays for the first number of packets;
estimating, at the user equipment, a bandwidth of the air interface based on the inter- arrival packet delays, a second number of probe packets used to generate the first number of packets, and a time interval for transmission of the second number of probe packets; and
transmitting, from the user equipment, information indicating the bandwidth.

US Pat. No. 10,922,153

COMMUNICATION METHOD AND DEVICE FOR VIRTUAL BASE STATIONS

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method implemented at a baseband processing unit having a plurality of virtual base stations arranged thereon, the method comprising:enabling a hardware accelerator in the baseband processing unit to process data to be transmitted in the plurality of virtual base stations, the processed data being stored in a first group of a plurality of buffers in the hardware accelerator which are associated with the plurality of virtual base stations;
reading, from the first group of the plurality of buffers, the processed data in a predetermined order associated with the plurality of virtual base stations; and
writing the processed data into a second group of a plurality of buffers in a general purpose processor of the baseband processing unit for further processing in the general purpose processor.

US Pat. No. 10,901,076

TEMPORAL ANALYSIS FOR USER SPEED ESTIMATION IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

Alcatel Lucent INRIA, Le...

1. A method for estimating a speed of a user equipment connected to a base station of a wireless network, the method comprising:measuring a power of a signal transmitted between the user equipment and the base station;
computing a time derivative of the measured signal power, said time derivative representing a rate of change of the measured signal power with respect to time;
computing a standard deviation of the computed time derivative to achieve a result;
comparing the result to reference data established prior to said measuring, said reference data associating given user equipment speeds with given standard deviations; and
estimating, based on an outcome of said comparing, the speed of the user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,891,388

PERSONALIZED ACCESS TO STORAGE DEVICE THROUGH A NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method, comprising:detecting automatically, by a storage device, an identifier of a local network once the storage device is connected to the local network, wherein in a condition of the storage device being connected a first time to the local network, the identifier of the local network is put in a list of local networks and is associated with identifiers of devices connected to the local network;
establishing, at the storage device, a connection with a communication device connected to the local network;
retrieving, by the storage device, the identifier of the local network;
in a condition of the retrieved identifier of the local network being included in the list of local networks, allowing, by the storage device, the communication device to have access to public data and a set of private data stored in the storage device;
in a condition of the retrieved identifier of the local network not being included in the list of local networks, denying, by the storage device, the communication device to have access to the set of private data; and
in a condition of reclassifying another local network initially classified as non-friendly and stored in a list of non-friendly local networks, requesting, at the storage device, an addition of the another local network's identifier to the list of local networks.

US Pat. No. 10,893,040

ACCESS CONTROL WITH AUTHENTICATION

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for an authentication of a user accessing an access control device providing a service via a communication device associated with the user, comprising:receiving, by an application server via a first interface, a request for a web service from one of the communication device and the access control device operably connected to the application server via a network comprising a presence server that manages a network database and a network server that provides services, the request containing an identifier of the communication device, an identifier of the access control device and pairing data that indicates that the communication device is associated with the access control device via a communication session,
checking in the network database, by the application server via a second interface, a user subscription by means of the identifier of the communication device and the identifier of the access control device,
sending, by the application server via the first interface, a response to the access control device to request the user to enter a secret code via an interface of the access control device,
in a condition that the entered secret code matches a stored secret code at a service provider server, receiving, by the application server via the second interface, a temporary secret code generated by the service provider server, and
sending, by the application server via the first interface, a message to the communication device, the message containing the temporary secret code, to request the user to enter the temporary secret code via the interface of the access control device for access to the service provided by the access control device.

US Pat. No. 10,873,526

FLOW AGGREGATION AND ROUTING FOR MULTI-CONNECTIVITY CLIENT DEVICES

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

11. A multi-connectivity client device comprising:at least one processor;
at least one memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the multi-connectivity client device to at least exchange data with an associated target terminal;
a client connection engine implemented with or coupled to the at least one processor, the client connection engine being configured to:
establish a connection with a network communication engine based on connection parameters, wherein the network communication engine is configured to manage a multi-access bearer proxy, wherein the multi-access bearer proxy is configured to handle uplink and downlink data packet routing of the client device, and wherein the multi-access bearer proxy is configured to support one or more flow aggregation and routing protocols;
transmit information regarding communication capabilities of the client device including information identifying a plurality of different flow aggregation and routing protocols supported by the client device and receive information regarding communication capabilities of the multi-access bearer proxy from the network communication engine through a predefined communication protocol; and
determine, in conjunction with the network communication engine, a set of communication standards for managing flow aggregation and routing of data packets, based on the transmitted and received information regarding communication capabilities, wherein the set of communication standards comprises at least one flow aggregation and routing protocol.

US Pat. No. 10,841,674

TIMESLOT MANAGEMENT METHOD, A RELATED NETWORK TERMINATOR, A RELATED LINE TERMINATOR AND AN UPSTREAM SIGNAL FRAME STRUCTURE FOR A TIME DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS SYSTEM

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A network terminator configured for a time division multiple access system, the network terminator comprising:a receiver configured to receive, from a line terminator of the time division multiple access system, a grant of a set of upstream time slots to the network terminator for an upstream burst of the network terminator, the set of upstream time slots including a first upstream time slot and at least one adjacent subsequent upstream time slot; and
a transmitter configured to transmit, toward the line terminator based on the grant of the set of upstream time slots to the network terminator for the upstream burst of the network terminator, overhead data and payload data, wherein the overhead data is transmitted at least in the first upstream time slot of the set of upstream time slots, wherein the payload data is transmitted in the at least one adjacent subsequent upstream time slot of the set of upstream time slots, wherein the overhead data includes a first group of bytes configured to provide a preamble, a delimiter, and additional physical layer related data, wherein the overhead data includes a second group of bytes configured to provide Operations, Administration, and Maintenance (OAM) information and dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA) information, wherein the overhead data includes a third group of bytes configured to provide additional DBA information.

US Pat. No. 10,841,205

MULTI-PATH WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method performed at a server of routing signals received from a client, said client and server being configured to communicate over multiple wireless access paths each using a different wireless network, the method comprising:receiving at said server said signals from said client each signal being received via one of said wireless access paths, said signals comprising:
a transport layer portion including a transport layer identifier, said transport layer identifier providing an indication of an originally envisaged wireless access path prior to any re-routing,
a network layer portion providing an indication of a wireless access path taken, and
a data portion;
determining a destination of at least a subset of said signals from said wireless access path indicated by said transport layer identifier; and
routing said signals to said destination, said at least a subset of said signals being routed to said destination on the basis of said transport layer portion.

US Pat. No. 10,841,866

SENSOR, A MOBILE USER TERMINAL AND A METHOD OF A SENSOR SENSING A MOBILE USER TERMINAL

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method of sensing a mobile user terminal for cellular radio telecommunications, comprising:broadcasting a common baseband signal from a sensor at each of multiple distinct carrier frequency bands associated with cellular radio telecommunications over a plurality of networks, each network of the plurality of networks being assigned one of the multiple distinct carrier frequency bands for radio signals; and
receiving an acknowledgement from a user terminal associated with any one of the plurality of networks after the user terminal received the broadcast in the distinct carrier frequency band of its network, checked information in the received signal, and sent the acknowledgement to the sensor after having determined the information is acceptable to allow connection to the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,826,837

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMISSION OF CONTENT

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for transmission of content, executed by a content transmission device comprising:receiving, from a client device, a content request specifying a requested content and at least one content reception deadline in an application layer part;
determining a release time as a function of the content reception deadline,
encapsulating the requested content in a plurality of successive TCP segments; and
sending the successive TCP segments to the client device by applying a congestion avoidance mechanism using a congestion window,
wherein the encapsulating and the sending are started on or after the release time, and
wherein said congestion window is determined by,
determining a minimum bitrate required for transmitting the requested content to the client device by the content reception deadline,
determining a round-trip time between said content transmission device and said client device, and
setting said congestion window equal to or greater than the product of said minimum bitrate and said round-trip time.

US Pat. No. 10,812,959

DISTRIBUTING ALERT MESSAGES VIA UNLICENSED SPECTRUM

ALCATEL LUCENT, Murray H...

1. In a commercial mobile alert system including a primary carrier network logically connected to a secondary network, the primary network characterizing a first network type adapted for use of licensed wireless spectrum and the secondary network characterizing a second network type adapted for use of unlicensed wireless spectrum, a method comprising a gateway node of the primary carrier network:receiving a commercial mobile alert message directed to an indicated geographic area;
executing a technology selection policy to determine a delivery profile appropriate for the commercial mobile alert message, the technology selection policy including first selection criteria determinative of selection of the licensed wireless spectrum and a second selection criteria determinative of selection of the unlicensed wireless spectrum defining the delivery profile;
comparing primary carrier network traffic to a high threshold and a low threshold;
deselecting the primary carrier network after the primary carrier network traffic is greater than the high threshold;
selecting the primary carrier network after the primary carrier network traffic is less than the low threshold;
delivering the commercial mobile alert message to one or more mobile devices in the indicated geographic area according to the delivery profile;
specifying message delivery via one or both of the licensed wireless spectrum and the unlicensed wireless spectrum;
maintaining a database identifying one or more WiFi routers in the indicated geographic area mapped to respective WiFi router IP addresses; and
sending the commercial mobile alert message to the one or more WiFi routers in the indicated geographic area via the respective WiFi router IP addresses, wherein the indicated geographic area, which corresponds to one or more respective Tracking Area IDs of the primary carrier network, is mapped to the primary carrier network.

US Pat. No. 10,804,587

ELECTRICALLY CONTROLLABLE RADIO-FREQUENCY CIRCUIT ELEMENT HAVING AN ELECTROCHROMIC MATERIAL

ALCATEL LUCENT, Nozay (F...

1. An apparatus comprising an electrical circuit configured to process an electrical radio-frequency (RF) signal,wherein the electrical circuit comprises a multilayered structure that includes a layer of a first electrochromic material, the multilayered structure being adjacent to a base layer;
wherein the electrical circuit further comprises a first microstrip line adjacent to the multilayered structure and a first dielectric layer adjacent to the base layer, the first microstrip line being configured to carry the electrical RF signal; and
wherein an edge of the first dielectric layer is directly connected to a corresponding edge of the multilayered structure.

US Pat. No. 10,764,121

NETWORK ENTITY OF A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. An event subscribing network entity for use in a communication network, the event subscribing network entity comprising:at least one processor and associated memory;
an output interface configured to send communications via a communication network, the communication network including a plurality of network entities, the plurality of network entities including an event publishing network entity; and
an input interface configured to receive communications via the communication network;
wherein the at least one processor is configured to send an event subscription message to the event publishing network entity via the output interface, wherein the event subscription message includes information identifying said event subscribing network entity and configuration rules for configuring a configurable event of interest at the event publishing network entity, the configurable event of interest being adaptive to current information demands;
wherein the event publishing network entity is configured to report the configurable event of interest to said event subscribing network entity in an event notification message;
wherein the at least one processor is configured to receive the event notification message from the event publishing network entity via the input interface;
wherein the configuration rules comprise one or more configurable parameters for defining or re-defining the configurable event of interest at the event publishing network entity and/or for defining or re-defining reporting of the configurable event of interest published to said event subscribing network entity;
wherein the configurable event of interest is related to a processing load situation at the event publishing network entity;
wherein the at least one processor is configured to distribute processing load among the plurality of network entities based on the reporting of the configurable event of interest by the event publishing network entity;
wherein the at least one processor is configured to transfer at least a part of a baseband processing task from a first network entity to the event publishing network entity after receiving the reporting of the configurable event of interest if processing resources of the first network entity are not sufficient for a processing task and if the reporting of the configurable event of interest received indicates an available processing capability of the event publishing network entity above a predefined processing capability threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,757,063

METHOD FOR SELECTING SECOND MESSAGES FOR ONLINE INSERTING SAID SECOND MESSAGES IN SOCIAL NETWORK CONTENT

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. A method for online inserting messages in at least one social network content application of a plurality of social network content applications of at least one social network platform, the method comprising:collecting a plurality of social network messages originating from the plurality of social network content applications;
determining a set of messages having a certain degree of similarity from the plurality of social network messages, by comparing at least one social network message with at least one further social network message of the plurality of social network messages;
extracting a topic from the plurality of social network messages originating from the plurality of social network content applications included in the set of messages having at least the certain degree of similarity; and
determining a second certain degree of similarity between the topic and a second message of a plurality of second messages based on a degree of similarity between respective at least one suffix tree corresponding to at least one second message of the plurality of second messages.

US Pat. No. 10,708,171

APPARATUS, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR ROUTING DATA PACKETS

Alcatel Lucent, Nozay (F...

1. An apparatus for routing data packets in a radio access network, the apparatus comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code;
the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to perform:
receiving a data packet from a source network node, the data packet comprising a data packet header and a data packet payload;
inspecting the data packet by performing a first packet inspection on the data packet header to determine information on a source or a destination of the data packet from the data packet header, and by performing a second packet inspection on the data packet payload based on the information on the source or the destination of the data packet to determine information on an identification of the destination of the data packet;
determining information on a subsequent network node based on the information on the identification of the destination of the data packet; and
forwarding the data packet to the subsequent network node as an interim action or as a final action, wherein an interim action defines a mask and a table for a next look-up and a final action defines what to do with and where to forward a packet,
wherein the at least one memory and the computer program code are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus at least to perform determining the subsequent network node using one of a plurality of look-up tables, the one look-up table being selected from the plurality of look-up tables based the information on the identification of the destination of the data packet.

US Pat. No. 9,525,511

FEEDBACK INFORMATION IN A MULTI-CARRIER WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of encoding and transmitting feedback information from a first network node to a second network node in a multi-carrier
wireless telecommunications network, the first network node being configured to:
receive signals from the second network node on two or more reception carriers, each reception carrier being transmitted within
an associated radio band; and

transmit data to the second network node on one or more transmission carriers, the transmission comprising:
monitoring for a signal on at least two of the reception carriers,
wherein the monitoring comprises receiving an indication of activated reception carriers and monitoring for a signal on at
least one of those activated reception carriers;

generating feedback information for at least two reception carriers based upon received signals,
wherein the generating is carried out only for those reception carriers on which a signal was received;
grouping the feedback information for reception carriers being transmitted within the same radio band and encoding the grouped
feedback information for two or more reception carriers being transmitted within the same radio band, and

transmitting the encoded feedback information to the second network node on one or more transmission carriers.

US Pat. No. 9,525,661

EFFICIENT METHOD OF NAT WITHOUT REASSEMLING IPV4 FRAGMENTS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for performing network address translation (NAT) on fragments of a Internet Protocol (IP) packet, the method comprising:
receiving a packet fragment of said packet;
determining if said packet fragment is the first fragment of said packet;
if said packet fragment is the first fragment of said packet, then:
initiating a NAT session for said packet, said NAT session having a NAT session identifier;
performing NAT on said fragment using said NAT session;
calculating a hash key based on a subset of header information in said fragment; and
storing said NAT session identifier at an entry in said linked list indexed by said hash key, and
if said packet fragment is not the first fragment of said packet, then:
calculating a hash key based on a subset of header information in said fragment;
retrieving a NAT session identifier, if available, at an entry in said linked list indexed by said hash key; and
performing NAT on said fragment using said a NAT session identified by said NAT session identifier.

US Pat. No. 9,526,095

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONFIGURING A PLURALITY OF SCHEDULING REQUEST TRIGGERS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of configuring a plurality of scheduling request triggers for a user equipment in a base station of a communication
system, the method comprising:
determining a plurality of scheduling request triggers and a transmission type of each of the plurality of scheduling request
triggers for the user equipment, based on the service characteristics of services of the user equipment;

transmitting configuration information of the plurality of scheduling request triggers to the user equipment, the configuration
information of the plurality of scheduling request triggers including the allocation way of the plurality of scheduling request
triggers with respect to the services of the user equipment and the transmission type of each of the plurality of scheduling
request triggers;

wherein the transmission type of each of the plurality of scheduling request triggers is determined based on the priority
of the service corresponding to the scheduling request trigger;

wherein the transmission type is any one of:
transmission on RACH;
transmission on dedicated scheduling request resources; and
wherein when the transmission type is the transmission on RACH, the transmission type includes RACH configuration and the
RACH configuration includes physical resources of PRACH.

US Pat. No. 9,525,727

EFFICIENT AND SCALABLE PULL-BASED LOAD DISTRIBUTION

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A non-transitory machine-readable storage medium encoded with instructions for execution by a load distributor device,
the non-transitory machine-readable medium comprising:
instructions for receiving a work request for distribution among a plurality of servers;
instructions for selecting a server of the plurality of servers to receive the work request comprising:
instructions for determining whether at least one of the plurality of servers has previously indicated a capacity for additional
work in a pull request message,

instructions for identifying a set of servers of the plurality of servers, wherein each server in the set of servers has previously
indicated the capacity for additional work,

instructions for, when at least one of the plurality of servers has previously indicated the capacity for additional work,
selecting the server from the set of servers identified from the plurality of servers as having previously indicated the capacity
for additional work; and

instructions for transmitting the work request to the selected server.

US Pat. No. 9,526,019

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DIAGNOSTICS AND TROUBLESHOOTING IN HOME NETWORK DEPLOYMENTS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for analysing a problem in a home network at a remote server, which is connected to the home network, via the
internet, the method comprising:
storing reference data of at least one home network performance parameter covering a frequency band, the reference data corresponding
to a normal behavior of the home network;

obtaining, via the internet, measurement data of the at least one home network performance parameter covering the frequency
band;

comparing the measurement data with the reference data to determine qualification data qualifying the problem;
recommending a solution to the problem based on the qualification data; and
identifying a plurality of home communication devices operating in a plurality of frequency bands, the plurality of frequency
bands including one or more overlapping bands, wherein

the reference data and the measurement data correspond to the at least one or more overlapping bands,
the qualification data is determined based on an affected frequency band of the measurement data in which the measurement
data differs from the reference data by at least a desired threshold, and

the recommending a solution includes indicating at least one home communication device of the plurality of home communication
devices as a device causing an interference problem based on the affected frequency band.

US Pat. No. 9,525,616

METHOD OF PROMOTING A QUICK DATA FLOW OF DATA PACKETS IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK, COMMUNICATION NETWORK AND DATA PROCESSING UNIT

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method for promoting data flow of groups of data packets in a network, the network including a plurality of network domains,
each of the plurality of network domains including a plurality of network elements of a first class and at least one network
element of a second class that is different from the first class, the plurality of network elements of the first class is
a plurality of switches and the at least one network element of the second class is a host controller, at least one of the
plurality of switches configured to receive the groups of data packets and forward the groups of data packets to a neighbouring
switch of the plurality of switches, the neighbouring switch is determined by exclusively using entries in a flow information
database stemming from the host controller and stored in a forwarding switch, the host controller configured to create the
flow information database and forward the flow information database to the at least one of the plurality of switches, the
method comprising:
receiving a first data packet by a first switch of the plurality of switches in a first network domain of the plurality of
network domains;

extracting, by the first switch, address information from the first data packet;
specifying, by the first switch, which one of the plurality of network elements the first data packet is to be sent;
forwarding the first data packet from the first switch of the plurality of switches in the first network domain to the first
controller in the first network domain if no main entry with respect to the address information in the flow information database,
the first controller configured to forward alerting data to a master controller;

extracting, by the first controller, the address information from the first data packet;
a second controller in a second network domain of the plurality of network domains, according to a first desired criterion,
the second controller configured to forward the groups of data packets; and

forwarding the alerting data to the second controller, the alerting data including the address information or information
derived therefrom, the second controller in the second network domain configured to perform process steps prior to arrival
of the first data packet at,

wherein the master controller is configured to,
determine, according to a second desired criterion, the second network domain or a third network domain of the plurality of
network domains based on the alerting data received from the first controller.

US Pat. No. 9,526,045

CALL DROP AVOIDANCE DURING RADIO LINK FAILURE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A radio resource controller for controlling radio resources of a serving radio access node, and configured to assign particular
radio resources of the serving radio access node to a radio communication session established between the serving radio access
node and a particular mobile station,
wherein the radio resource controller is further configured to push a radio communication session information of the radio
communication session into a common data repository accessible in read and write access to both the radio resource controller
and a further radio resource controller controlling radio resources of a further radio access node,

wherein the session information comprise a mobile identifier that may be used by the particular mobile station for resumption
of the radio communication session,

wherein the session information further allow retrieval of contextual communication parameters used by the serving radio access
node for radio communication with the particular mobile station during the radio communication session,

wherein the radio resource controller is configured to run on a computer platform together with the further radio resource
controller, and

wherein the computer platform further holds the common data repository and is remotely coupled via a packet data network to
the serving radio access node and to the further radio access node.

US Pat. No. 9,525,493

DIFFERENTIAL-CODING AND DECODING FOR QUADRATURE DUOBINARY COHERENT OPTICAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method, comprising:
receiving digital-electrical input symbols of a stream of input symbols, the input symbols corresponding to signal points
of a quadrature duobinary symbol constellation;

classifying the input symbols, wherein a first symbol class comprises input symbols corresponding to signal points that are
variant to rotation of the symbol constellation, and a second symbol class comprises input symbols corresponding to signal
points that are invariant to rotation of the symbol constellation; and

applying selective differential coding only to those input symbols of the first symbol class.

US Pat. No. 9,474,028

METHODS OF TRANSMITTING DATA USING AT LEAST ONE OF A PLURALITY OF WIRELESS ACCESSES, USER EQUIPMENT, AND NETWORK ELEMENT

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of transmitting data using at least one of a plurality of wireless accesses by a user equipment (UE), the plurality
of wireless accesses including at least a first wireless access and a second wireless access, the method comprising:
establishing connections with the first and second wireless accesses, respectively;
determining a first power consumption to transmit a unit of data using the first wireless access;
determining a second power consumption to transmit the unit of data using the second wireless access;
allocating data to the first and second wireless accesses based on the determined first and second power consumptions, the
allocating including,

determining a first supported data rate for the first wireless access;
determining a second supported data rate for the second wireless access;
weighting the first supported data rate and the second supported data rate based on the first power consumption and the second
power consumption, and

allocating the data in accordance with the weighted first supported data rate and the weighted second supported data rate;
and

transmitting the data using at least one of the first and second wireless accesses based on the allocating.

US Pat. No. 9,474,049

UPLINK TRANSMISSION

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of controlling uplink transmission on an acquired common channel by user equipment in a wireless communications
network, said method comprising:
determining at said user equipment a selected acquired common channel retention period;
requesting by said user equipment allocation of common network resource for an uplink transmission;
receiving at said user equipment an indication of an allocated acquired common channel;
assessing at said user equipment whether said uplink transmission meets uplink criteria for said allocated acquired common
channel; and,

transmitting by said user equipment said uplink transmission on said allocated acquired common channel within said common
channel retention period determined by the user equipment where the uplink transmission meets the uplink criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,474,064

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN OPERATION OF AN APPLICATION BY FORECASTING A SMOOTHED TRANSPORT BLOCK SIZE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of exporting a smoothed transport block size to control an operation of an application, comprising:
obtaining, by one or more processors of at least one network node, historical time series data, the historical time series
data including historical transport block size information, historical modulation and coding scheme information and historical
physical resource block utilization information;

predicting, by the one or more processors, future value information based on the historical time series data, the future value
information including modulation and coding scheme future values and physical resource block future values;

producing, by the one or more processors, a mapping function regressing first input data to first output data, the first input
data including the historical modulation and coding scheme information and the historical physical resource block utilization
information, the first output data including the historical transport block size information;

forecasting, by the one or more processors, a smoothed transport block size by inputting the future value information into
the mapping function; and

exporting, by the one or more processors, the smoothed transport block size to a network node to control an operation of an
application.

US Pat. No. 9,473,376

METHOD AND SERVER FOR DETERMINING HOME NETWORK QUALITY

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. Method for determining from a remote server a user quality of service (QoS) class of a home network, performed at the remote
server which is connected through the internet with the home network comprising:
obtaining home network measurement data of at least one home network parameter associated with a capacity of the home network,
using an application layer protocol for remote management, said capacity being a measure for an amount of traffic that the
home network can handle at one time;

processing said home network measurement data to estimate the capacity of the home network or a parameter related thereto;
based on the estimated capacity or parameter related thereto classifying said home network in a user QoS class,
wherein said obtaining home network measurement data comprises obtaining at least a first and second CFR vector measured for
the home network; said processing said home network measurement data comprises calculating at least one capacity vector as
a function of at least said first and second CFR vector, and calculating an average capacity value based on said at least
one capacity vector; and said classifying comprises classifying said home network in a user QoS class based on at least said
average capacity value.

US Pat. No. 9,473,934

WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK, AND A METHOD OF AUTHENTICATING A MESSAGE

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method of authenticating a message from a femtocell base station in a wireless telecommunications network comprising
a security gateway and a femto-gateway, the method comprising:
checking by the security gateway that a source IP address in the message from the femtocell base station accords with a femtocell
base station identifier expected from that femtocell base station,

wherein the security gateway uses an encryption key which the security gateway knows is allocated to that IP address in order
to decrypt and authenticate the message and check that the IP address that the message contains accords with the femtocell
base station identifier, and

additionally checking by the femto-gateway that the source IP address in the message, the message including a femtocell base
station identifier, accords with the source IP address expected from that femtocell base station as identified by that femtocell
base station identifier by inspecting a database relating a femtocell base station identifier to source IP address data,

wherein the security gateway requests secondary authorization by the femto-gateway of any femtocell base stations which seek
to set up IP tunnels to the femto-gateway.

US Pat. No. 9,473,399

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AGGREGATING PSEUDOWIRES

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a processor and a memory communicatively connected to the processor, the processor configured to:
establish, by a service provider edge (S-PE) device, an aggregate pseudowire (A-PW) between a pair of Terminating Provider
Edge (T-PE) devices, wherein the A-PW comprises a bearer PW for a service class;

establish, by the S-PE device based on the A-PW, a first service pseudowire (S-PW) between the pair of T-PE devices, wherein
the first S-PW is configured to support traffic of the service class for a first service; and

establish, by the S-PE device based on the A-PW, a second S-PW between the pair of T-PE devices, wherein the second S-PW is
configured to support traffic of the service class for a second service.

US Pat. No. 9,473,287

DYNAMIC RESOURCE SHARING AMONG CELLULAR NETWORKS

Alcatel Lucent, Boulogne...

1. A method in a base station controlled by a home operator and serving mobile terminals in one or more sectors, comprising:
receiving sharing instructions from a core network controlled by the home operator;
activating a sharing state in a selected one or more of the sectors in response to the sharing instructions;
identifying a group of sharing partners from the sharing instructions, wherein the sharing partners include the home operator
and at least one further operator and are parties to a sharing agreement while said sharing agreement is in effect;

announcing identities of each of the sharing partners to the mobile terminals of the selected one or more sectors in broadcast
messages; and

deactivating the sharing state when the sharing agreement expires or terminates, wherein,
the sharing agreement specifies terms under which one or more parties to the sharing agreement borrow cellular resources that
affect capacity and one or more parties supply cellular resources that affect capacity; and

the activation of the sharing state includes directing that during the sharing state, all mobile terminals in the selected
one or more sectors that subscribe to any sharing partner of the group of sharing partners shall be treated as home subscribers;

wherein,
the base station is an eNodeB of an LTE network,
the activation and deactivation of the sharing state includes communicating with an MME situated in the core network controlled
by the home operator,

the method further includes, communicating with two or more gateways for management of user-plane mobility,
one gateway of the two or more gateways is situated in the core network controlled by the home operator, and
at least one gateway of the two or more gateways is situated in a core network controlled by a further operator.