1. A method for seismic data processing, comprising:receiving seismic data for a region of interest, wherein the seismic data were acquired in a seismic survey;
determining, using a processor, sparse seismic data by selecting shot points in the acquired seismic data using statistical sampling, wherein determining the sparse seismic data comprises determining at least one exclusion criterion that includes one or more rules for selecting the shot points in the acquired seismic data based on a location of an individual shot point relative to other shot points, wherein the shot points are selected based on the at least one exclusion criterion, and wherein other shot points not selected based on the at least one exclusion criterion;
determining, using the processor, simulated seismic data based at least in part on an earth model for the region of interest, a reflection model for the region of interest, and the selected shot points;
determining, using the processor, an objective function that represents a mismatch between the simulated seismic data and the sparse seismic data;
updating, using the processor, the reflection model based at least in part on the objective function; and
determining, using the processor, a presence of a hydrocarbon in the region of interest based at least in part on the updated reflection model.