US Pat. No. 9,168,954

METHOD FOR PARKING A VEHICLE AND CORRESPONDING PARKING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for facilitating parking a vehicle using a parking assistance system, the method comprising:
automatically determining a target position of the vehicle within a parking space, wherein, when the target position is reached
by the vehicle, a parking process of the parking assistance system is successfully ended;

automatically activating a steering intervention into a steering system of the vehicle to carry out the parking process of
the parking assistance system;

automatically sensing, during the parking process, a gear speed change-of the vehicle sensed at a time at which the vehicle
covers at least part of the parking space, the gear speed change preventing: the target position from being reached;

automatically redetermining a different target position within the parking space as a function of the gear speed change in
response to the automatic sensing of the gear speed change of the vehicle; and

automatically continuing the parking process with the different target position which has been redetermined in response to
the automatic redetermination of the different target position.

US Pat. No. 10,208,204

POLYMER COMPOSITION, FIBRE-COMPOSITE SEMI-FINISHED PRODUCT AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A polymer composition, containinga) 100 parts by weight of a polyamide;
b) 0.5 to 20 parts by weight of one or more adhesion-promoting additives of Formula (I):
MaM?bDcD?d  (I)
with
M=[R3SiO1/2]
M?=[R?R2SiO1/2]
D=[R2SiO2/2]
D?=[R?RSiO2/2]wherein each R independently stands for methyl or phenyl andR? is a glycidyloxypropyl radical of Formula (II)
and wherein the following holds true for the indices:a=0 to 2
b=0 to 2
c=10 to 500
d=0 to 50
a+b=2 and
b+d?2.

US Pat. No. 9,177,475

DRIVER BEHAVIOR BASED PARKING AVAILABILITY PREDICTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A driver behavior based parking availability prediction system, comprising:
a processor in data communication with:
a graphical display device, a driver identifying device, a driver input device, a transceiver operative to communicate with
multiple sources of parking space information, a global positioning system (GPS) module, and a non-transitory data storage
device on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, implements:

a parking information database that stores information indicating at least one of an available parking space, and a parking
space the vehicle has been parked in;

a weighting factor database that stores weighting factor information;
a driver preference database that stores driver preference information;
a parking preference analysis engine,
a parking prediction data engine; and
instructions which, when executed on the processor, cause the system to:
identify the driver,
obtain from the driver a destination where a parking space is needed;
request current information of available parking spaces proximate the destination from multiple sources of parking space information,
and receive the requested information;

notify, using the parking recommendation engine, parking space prediction information including one or more likely available
parking spaces and prediction notifications based on the destination, the current information of available parking spaces,
and the driver preference information, and

present the parking space prediction information and prediction notifications on the display; and
means for gathering information of the driving behavior of the driver while he is looking for the parking space, information
of the parking space in which identified driver parks, means for analyzing the drivers' selection of parking space parked
in, and means for adapting a parking availability model used to generate the parking space prediction information and prediction
notification.

US Pat. No. 9,463,799

CONTROL FOR A HIGH OR FULLY AUTOMATIC DRIVING FUNCTION

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for controlling a highly automatic or fully automatic driving function for a motor vehicle that is on a journey,
the method comprising:
determining the position, speed and direction of travel of the motor vehicle;
receiving driving data from further vehicles in the surroundings of the motor vehicle by vehicle-to-vehicle communication
and/or vehicle-to-infrastructure communication, wherein the driving data from the further vehicles comprise at least the respective
vehicle speed, position and direction of travel of said further vehicles;

evaluating the received driving data with respect to position and direction of travel to ascertain vehicles that are traveling
ahead;

comparing the vehicle speeds of the vehicles that are traveling ahead with a prescribed speed range based on the speed of
the motor vehicle;

approving activation of the highly automatic or fully automatic driving function if the speeds of the vehicles that are traveling
ahead are within the prescribed speed range; and

preventing activation of the highly automatic or fully automatic driving function when the speeds of at least one of the vehicles
that are traveling ahead is outside the prescribed speed range.

US Pat. No. 9,412,374

SPEECH RECOGNITION HAVING MULTIPLE MODES IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for speech recognition in a motor vehicle, comprising:
receiving voice inputs from a user at a vehicle-internal processing device, the voice inputs being received via a vehicle-internal
capture device;

supplying by the processing device:
at least one voice input to a vehicle-internal onboard speech recognition unit for producing a first recognition result of
spoken text;

at least one voice input to a vehicle-external offboard speech recognition unit for producing a second recognition result
of spoken text;

receiving the first recognition result at the processing device from the onboard speech recognition unit;
receiving the second recognition result at the processing device from the offboard speech recognition unit; and
using the first and second recognition results by the processing device as a basis for automatically ascertaining recognition
text corresponding to the voice inputs,

wherein the processing device selects and activates based on a control parameter, one of the following modes for speech recognition
purposes:

sequential speech recognition in which keyword recognition is first performed using the onboard speech recognition unit, and
then the first recognition result is used to extract at least one recognizable component and at least one unrecognizable component,
the at least one recognizable component is used to select the vehicle-external offboard speech recognition unit among a plurality
of vehicle-external offboard speech recognition units, and the at least one unrecognizable component is then supplied to the
selected vehicle-external offboard speech recognition unit to produce the second recognition result;

parallel speech recognition in which a single voice input is supplied in parallel to the onboard speech recognition unit and
independently thereof to the offboard speech recognition unit;

complete onboard speech recognition using the onboard speech recognition unit; and
complete offboard speech recognition using the offboard speech recognition unit, and
wherein the control parameter on which the processing device bases selection and activation, is a parameter relating to a
current operational scenario, the operational scenario indicating what operator control process is meant to be performed by
the user by way of the recognition text.

US Pat. No. 9,489,435

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPERATING A USER INTERFACE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a user interface, the method comprising:
detecting a first user input;
performing a confidence analysis, during which the first user input is compared with a plurality of stored database entries
and each compared database entry is assigned a value of a confidence measure, which assesses a correspondence between the
first user input and database entry; and

generating different types of system responses that differ from one another in at least one feature, based on a result of
the confidence analysis,

wherein a first type of system response comprises, as a distinguishing first feature, a system output that requests a second
user input,

wherein a second type of system response comprises, as a distinguishing second feature, an automatic selection of a database
entry,

wherein a third type of system response comprises the first and second feature, the third type of system response automatically
changing into the first or second type of system response after an elapse of a period of time,

wherein, based on the result of the confidence analysis, the activation of a function based on a selected database entry occurs,
wherein the activation of the function occurs based on a database entry having a highest confidence measure, and
wherein the plurality of database entries are graphically displayed on a map and a separate table, the table comprising a
first column listing the plurality of database entries and a second column listing the confidence measure for each of the
plurality of database entries.

US Pat. No. 9,333,983

DUAL-STATE STEERING WHEEL/INPUT DEVICE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A steering wheel, comprising:
a wheel rim movably mounted on a steering column;
a hub disposed within a center of the wheel rim on the steering column; and
an input device disposed on the hub,
wherein the wheel rim is configured to physically separate from the hub and move along the steering column to a retracted
position.

US Pat. No. 9,317,086

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR INITIATING A CHARGING PROCESS OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for reserving a charging station for an electric vehicle according to predefined charging preferences, the method
comprising:
establishing an association between the electric vehicle and a user profile comprising the predefined charging preferences,
the predefined charging preferences comprising at least one filter criterion for filtering results in response to a charging
request message, the filter criterion comprising at least one criterion of the group of electrical charge pricing of interest,
charging station type of interest, charging station provider of interest, and a preferred charging station reservation period,
wherein the user profile is stored in a memory within a distributed processing network;

when a current state of charge of the electric vehicle falls below a minimum state of charge defined by the user profile,
and depending on a way of driving the electric vehicle, providing the charging request message related to the electric vehicle
to a remote charging request message processor of the distributed processing network, the charging request message indicating
a charging need of the electric vehicle, wherein the charging request message is initiated from a processor module installed
within the electric vehicle, the processor module having access to navigational or charging state data of the vehicle;

processing the charging request message using the user's predefined charging preferences stored in the user profile to obtain
user specific result data, the user specific result data comprising information on a list of available charging stations corresponding
to the predefined charging preferences and a time of obtaining the user-specific result data; and

providing, from the remote charging request message processor, a result message related to the electric vehicle in response
to the charging request message, the result message comprising the obtained user specific result data for initiating the charging
process; and

reserving a charging station meeting the user's predefined charging preferences based on the user specific result data.

US Pat. No. 9,355,793

USER INTERFACE OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a user interface of a vehicle, the user interface comprising a push button, the push button comprising
a user actuatable push element, an illumination, and a controllable drive adapted to move the push element, the method comprising:
positioning the push element by automatically controlling the drive depending on an operational state of the vehicle; and
automatically controlling the illumination depending on the operational state of the vehicle, wherein the illumination and
positioning of the push element indicate an operational capability of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,286,803

DIRECTIONAL PARKING AVAILABILITY VISUALIZATION SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for presenting information of available parking spaces proximate the vehicle, comprising:
a processor in data communication with:
a graphical display device operative to present a graphical abstracted visualization of available parking spaces proximate
the vehicle, including an indication of a quantity of available spaces and their general heading and distance relative to
a current orientation and position of the vehicle;

a transceiver operative to communicate with at least one source of available parking information;
a global positioning system (GPS) module operative to determine a geographic location of the vehicle; and
a non-transitory data storage device on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, implements:
a database that stores information of available parking spaces obtained from the transceiver; and
instructions which, when executed on the processor, cause the system to:
obtain a geographic location of the vehicle from the GPS module;
determine an orientation of the vehicle;
identify available parking spaces proximate the vehicle based on the vehicle location;
determine an estimated distance and heading to each of the select parking spaces from the current vehicle location and orientation;
present on the display an abstracted graphical visualization indicative of the general amount and general direction of the
available parking spaces proximate the vehicle for use by a driver while driving to determine which direction is most likely
to lead to available parking spaces; and

dynamically obtain updated information of available proximate parking spaces and refresh the display with the updated information;
and

means for generating the abstracted graphical visualization indicative of the proximate available parking spaces;
wherein the abstracted graphical visualization is independent of geo-spatial and location visualizations.

US Pat. No. 9,076,336

PERSONALIZED PARKING ASSISTANT

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle personalized parking system, comprising:
a processor in data communication with a graphical display device, a driver identifying device, a driver input device, a transceiver
operative to communicate with at least one source of parking space information, a global positioning system (GPS) module,
and a non-transitory data storage device on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, implements:

a parking information database that stores information of at least one of an available parking space, and a parking space
the vehicle has been parked in;

a weighting factor database that stores weighting factor information;
a driver preference database that stores driver preference information;
a parking preference analysis engine,
a parking recommendation engine;
an interface to an in-vehicle navigation system; and
instructions which, when executed on the processor, cause the system to:
identify the driver,
obtain from the driver a destination where a parking space is needed;
request current information of available parking spaces proximate the destination from the at least one source of parking
space information, and receive the requested information;

recommend by the parking recommendation engine at least one parking space based on the destination, the available parking
spaces, and the driver preference information, and

present the recommended parking space(s) on the display; and
means for gathering information of the parking spaces in which respective identified drivers park, means for analyzing the
drivers' selection of parking spaces parked in, and means for adapting the parking space recommendation based on the analyzing,

wherein the destination requested from the driver is used by the in-vehicle navigation system to provide driving directions
to the destination, the in-vehicle navigation system provides the destination to the in-vehicle personalized parking system
via the interface to the vehicle navigation system and the in-vehicle personalized parking system obtains information of available
parking spots around the destination,

wherein the driver identifying device includes one of a key fob, a camera, and a driver selection control of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,383,000

GEARSHIFT KNOB AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A gearshift knob for a gearshift lever of a manual transmission vehicle, the gearshift knob comprising:
a display configured to display visual information; and
a touch sensitive surface configured to detect a touch of a user touching the touch sensitive surface;
a haptic feedback device configured to output haptic feedback to the user via the gearshift knob,
wherein, the gearshift knob is configured to be operated by the user to shift between gears of the manual transmission vehicle,
wherein, the gearshift knob is ergonomically adapted such that, when a user's hand is wrapped around the gearshift knob, the
touch sensitive surface is positioned perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of gearshift lever and above the wrapped hand to
be operated by the hand's corresponding thumb of while the hand is wrapped;

wherein, the gearshift knob outputs optimal operational feedback as part of the haptic feedback output to the user,
wherein the optimal operational feedback includes an optimal shift point indication that indicates an optimal shift point
at which the user should shift between gears in the manual transmission of the vehicle using the gearshift lever;

wherein the optimal operational feedback comprises:
a mode wherein the haptic feedback device is tuned to vibrate when the engine reaches the optimal shifting point for fuel
economy; and

a mode wherein the haptic feedback device is tuned to vibrate when the engine reaches the point of maximum torque; and
wherein the touch-sensitive surface detects swipe gestures of a user's digit and, an electronic control unit controls displayed
information on the display in response to detection of a swipe gesture.

US Pat. No. 9,501,440

SLAVE CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING A SLAVE CONTROL DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A slave control device for use in a master/slave bus system comprising:
at least two programs stored in one or more memories in the slave control device, the programs being matched to the different
masters that differ in terms of respective schedule tables in the masters;

wherein at least one distinguishing feature of the schedule tables includes data for at least one message;
wherein the at least one distinguishing feature for each of the different masters is stored in the slave control device
wherein the different masters are detected based on the distinguishing features and the associated program that is loaded
into a program memory or remains loaded in the program memory; and

wherein communication between the master and the slave is only initiated by the master, and the slave control device is configured
to be connected together with different masters.

US Pat. No. 9,268,522

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR CONVEYING AUDIO INFORMATION IN VEHICLES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method, comprising:
outputting audio in a vehicle corresponding to a plurality of menu items in a vehicle display via a loudspeaker arrangement;
generating, in response to a selection of a first menu item of the plurality of menu items, a sound perceived to be audible
from a first direction; and

generating, in response to a selection of a second menu item of the plurality of menu items, a sound perceived to be audible
from a second direction,

wherein the second direction is different from the first direction, and
wherein the generation of the sounds perceived to be audible from the first and second directions is performed by beam forming
using interference between sound waves originating from a plurality of loudspeakers in the loudspeaker arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,070,209

MOVING CONTROL CONSOLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A moving control console comprising:
a digital display unit implemented as a touchscreen;
a motor connected to the digital display unit; and
a housing in which the digital display unit is movable to different positions to move in and out of the housing, wherein user
interface graphics animations displayed on the digital display are aligned relative to the digital display based on the position
of the digital display as the digital display moves relative to the housing, such that the user interface graphics remain
in a same position relative to the visible portion of the digital display while the digital display is in motion and while
the digital display is stationary.

US Pat. No. 9,266,429

HUMAN MACHINE INTERFACE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system, comprising:
a human machine interface, the human machine interface configured to provide a driver of a vehicle with safety information
for performing a driving maneuver, the driving maneuver comprising a merge or a lane change,

wherein the human machine interface comprises a speed recommendation display, configured to display safe speed ranges and
unsafe speed ranges for performing the driving maneuver, and

wherein the human machine interface provides information with different levels of detail regarding information of the execution
of the driving maneuver on a plurality of visual elements in the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,272,711

CONGESTION-FRIENDLY ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A congestion-based adaptive cruise control (ACC) system for a vehicle, comprising:
a processor means for providing control signals for the vehicle to modify at least one of acceleration, deceleration and braking
in the vehicle; and

a radar sensor arrangement, operatively coupled to the processor, the sensor arrangement being configured to determine (i)
a distance value for a front vehicle based on a front vehicle velocity, and (ii) a distance value for a rear vehicle based
on a rear vehicle velocity,

wherein the processor means is configured to process (i) and (ii) from the radar sensor arrangement to determine a velocity
value for the vehicle, and wherein the processor means is configured to generate at least one control signal based on the
velocity value to alter the velocity of the vehicle using at least one of acceleration, deceleration and braking to position
the vehicle substantially at a mid-point between the front vehicle and rear vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,503,619

ARRANGEMENT FOR AN IMAGE RECORDING DEVICE IN A VEHICLE

CALESCO FOIL, Kolback (S...

1. An arrangement for an image recording device in a vehicle, comprising;
an image recording device for recording image data;
a carrier part which to be positioned on the vehicle with a front side of the carrier part on or in front of an inner side
of a vehicle window;

a holder for holding the image recording device, the holder being coupled to the carrier part so an optical recording axis
of the image recording device is directed into an area in front of the front side of the carrier part; and

a heating device formed so thermal radiation produced by the heating device is emitted in a direction of the area in front
of the front side of the carrier part such that a viewing area of the image recording device through the vehicle window is
not obscured or impaired by misting or icing up, wherein the heating device is arranged to be activated in such a way that
radiant power per unit area or unit length is different for two different portions of area or portions of length, wherein
the radiant power radiates heat to differing degrees in dependence on a radiating position and/or radiating direction, and

wherein the heating device is arranged on a baffle plate coupled to the carrier part, the heating device is formed on the
baffle plate in the form of a strip, in the manner of a matrix or two-dimensionally.

US Pat. No. 9,500,491

METHOD FOR POSITION DETERMINATION

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for determining a position of a motor vehicle, comprising:
determining on a digital road map the position of the motor vehicle on a roadway by way of satellite-based positioning (GPS),
wherein the roadway has at least one road sign located at a known relative distance from a reference point having a known
geographic position and the roadway is an interstate highway,

determining on the digital map a virtual route to be traveled by the motor vehicle to the reference point along the roadway,
optically capturing with a camera located in or on the vehicle the at least one road sign having distance information showing
the relative distance, wherein the road sign is captured, while driving, at a first time instance and the position of the
motor vehicle is determined at a second time instance, when the road sign leaves the capture region at the second time instance,

evaluating the at least one road sign using optical character recognition to determine the relative distance to the reference
point,

matching the determined relative distance to the reference point with map data stored on the digital road map by taking into
account the position of the motor vehicle determined by GPS and the travel along the virtual route, and

positioning the motor vehicle on the digital road map when the distance from the position of the motor vehicle to the reference
point on the digital road map is identical to the determined relative distance.

US Pat. No. 9,293,135

COUNTERMEASURES FOR VOICE RECOGNITION DETERIORATION DUE TO EXTERIOR NOISE FROM PASSING VEHICLES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for countering disruption to a voice recognition system in a vehicle caused by a source of noise in proximity
to the vehicle, comprising:
an in-vehicle microphone that obtains a voice signal for input to the voice recognition system;
a plurality of sensors each operative to sense a condition external to the vehicle;
a tangible data processor coupled to the sensors and in data communication with a memory on which is stored instructions which
when executed on the processor implement a noise analyzer operative, based on the sensed conditions, to:

identify a source of noise external to the vehicle and approaching the vehicle;
determine a likelihood that the noise source will disrupt operation of the voice recognition system; and
estimate an amount of time remaining before the disruption is likely to begin; and
means for instantiating a countermeasure to the disruption based on the noise source identity, the likelihood of the disruption,
and the estimated time remaining.

US Pat. No. 9,228,851

DISPLAY OF ESTIMATED TIME TO ARRIVAL AT UPCOMING PERSONALIZED ROUTE WAYPOINTS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for presenting information of upcoming waypoints, comprising:
a processor in data communication with:
a graphical display device;
a speedometer;
a transceiver operative to communicate with at least one source of road information;
a global positioning system (GPS) module; and
a non-transitory data storage device on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, implements:
a database that stores information of roads and waypoints of general interest, routes previously travelled by the vehicle,
and destinations previously visited by the vehicle; and

instructions which, when executed on the processor, cause the system to:
obtain a speed of the vehicle;
obtain a geographic position of the vehicle;
determine a direction of travel of the vehicle;
identify a road being traversed by the vehicle and upcoming waypoints on the road in the direction of travel;
request current information of upcoming road conditions on the road being traversed, and receive the requested information;
select upcoming waypoints on the road being travelled for presentation on the display;
determine a distance between a current location and the select waypoints;
calculate an estimated time to arrival (ETA) from the current position to the select waypoints based on the current speed
and upcoming road conditions; and

present on the display a roadmap indicating the current location, the select waypoints, and the ETA to the select waypoints;
and

means for determining the previously travelled routes and previous destinations; and
means for adapting the selecting of waypoints based on at least one of the previously travelled routes and previous destinations,
the speed of the vehicle, and the upcoming road conditions,

wherein the system is configured to select and present waypoints when route guidance is inactive, and
wherein the route guidance is inactive when a destination is not set and used to determine the selected upcoming waypoints.

US Pat. No. 9,073,506

VEHICLE HAVING A SEAT BELT SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A vehicle comprising:
at least one vehicle seat with a tilt-adjustable backrest;
a control device with which at a request of a seat occupant the backrest is controllable to a recumbent position with a greater
tilt angle; and

a monitoring device having a signal connection to the control device, the monitoring device configured to detect at least
one belt parameter that is used to determine whether a proper belt route of a seat belt fastened to the seat occupant is assured
in the recumbent position,

wherein, in determining a proper belt route, the monitoring device releases or prevents an adjustment actuation of the backrest
to the recumbent position.

US Pat. No. 9,346,399

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SETTING PARAMETERS OF A PLURALITY OF LIGHT SOURCES AND AUDIO SOURCES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for setting at least one function parameter of at least one light source and at least one function parameter of
at least one audio source, wherein the at least one light source and at least one audio source are arranged in a vehicle,
the method comprising:
receiving an indication of an activation of a first function profile specifying the at least one function parameter of the
at least one light source and the at least one function parameter of the at least one audio source, wherein

the first function profile is a group-specific profile that specifies parameters as a function of a group of users;
activating the first function profile including setting functionality of the at least one light source based on the at least
one function parameter of the at least one light source and setting functionality of the at least one audio source based on
the at least one function parameter of the least one audio source,

wherein the setting of the functionality of the at least one light source and the setting of functionality of at least one
audio source comprise, respectively, setting functionality of all light sources which are assigned to a functional area of
light sources corresponding to a functional area of the first function profile, and setting functionality of all audio sources
which are assigned to a functional area of audio sources corresponding to the functional area of the first function profile,
while

ensuring that light and audio sources exist whose parameters are not to be changed by the activation of the first function
profile.

US Pat. No. 9,440,536

PASSENGER VEHICLE WITH A MODULAR CONTROL PANEL

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A modular control panel adapted for use in a passenger vehicle dashboard, the modular control panel comprising
a contact sensor that detects contacts over a substantially monolithic contact area, and
a face plate that extends over the substantially monolithic contact area, the face plate including a mount frame and a plurality
of movable control elements each coupled to the mount frame to move relative to the mount frame, each of the plurality of
movable control elements engage the substantially monolithic contact area of the contact sensor in response to a user moving
the movable control elements relative to the mount frame,

wherein at least one of the plurality of movable control elements is a button coupled to the mount frame to move relative
to the mount frame and at least one of the moveable control elements is a knob coupled to the mount frame to rotate relative
to the mount frame about an axis.

US Pat. No. 9,174,538

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ACTIVATING AND/OR DEACTIVATING FUNCTIONS OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A device, comprising:
a control device adapted to (a) jointly activate and (b) jointly deactivate at least two functions provided in an off-road
operation of a vehicle;

wherein during joint deactivation, the control device is configured to deactivate at least one of the at least two functions
via a ramp function.

US Pat. No. 9,103,691

MULTIMODE USER INTERFACE OF A DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM FOR INPUTTING AND PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for multimode information input for a touchscreen device in a motor vehicle, the method comprising:
detecting, by the touchscreen device, an input motion of a user, the input motion comprising a physical gesture of the user
that is (a) a contactless physical gesture with respect to a surface of the touchscreen device or (b) a touching of the surface
of the touchscreen device,

automatically activating a voice recognition means associated with the touchscreen device in response to a detection of the
input motion performed during the input motion and prior to completion of the input motion, and

after the activation of the voice recognition means and after completion of the input motion, determining, by the touchscreen
device, a selection of one or more objects that are displayed by the touchscreen device, wherein the determination is based
on an evaluation of the completed input motion,

in response to the one or more displayed objects or in response to the activation of the voice recognition means, automatically
implementing a restriction of a vocabulary, which vocabulary is provided for interaction, wherein the restriction is based
on the selected one or more displayed objects,

receiving, by the voice recognition means, a voice command associated with the selected one or more displayed objects and
defined by the restricted vocabulary, wherein the voice recognition means is configured to receive the voice command as an
information input or for adapting a display of the touchscreen device.

US Pat. No. 9,417,837

MULTIPLE INPUT AND PASSENGER ENGAGEMENT CONFIGURATION TO INFLUENCE DYNAMIC GENERATED AUDIO APPLICATION

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An apparatus for generating audio, comprising:
a first input configured to receive vehicle data received from a vehicle comprising information relating to a vehicle characteristic,
wherein the vehicle characteristic comprises at least one vehicle parameter indicating an operational state of a vehicle component;

a storage, operatively coupled to the input, for storing the vehicle data received from the vehicle and a plurality of audio
generation applications, wherein each of the plurality of audio generation applications are associated with a respective vehicle
state;

processing means, operatively coupled to the storage, wherein the processing means is configured to process the vehicle data
received from the vehicle over a predetermined period of time to determine a vehicle state and invoke at least one of the
plurality of audio generation application that is associated with the determined vehicle state;

a second input, configured to receive user input data comprising physical inputs from a user, wherein the processing means
is further configured to generate audio in the apparatus based on the user input data;

a third input for receiving device data comprising information indicating the presence of a device proximate to the apparatus;
and

a paired device that contains a device ID registered to at least one user,
wherein device registration is stored on the vehicle according to the device ID, and
wherein device registrations include a device user profile associated with each device ID that includes at least one of a
demographic data, user interests, or user device/vehicle history.

US Pat. No. 9,193,315

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPERATING A DEVICE IN A VEHICLE WITH A VOICE CONTROLLER

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a device of a vehicle, comprising:
displaying simultaneously on a display device:
(a) a plurality of first selectable push buttons, each displaying a different selectable non-voice function, and
(b) a voice controller symbol displayed on at least one of the push buttons displaying the selectable non-voice functions,
each voice controller symbol indicating that user selection of an associated non-voice function, via manual user actuation
of the associated push button, automatically activates a voice controller for receiving linguistic input following the selected
non-voice function, such that prior to activating the voice controller, the display device provides a visual indication of
whether each of the non-voice functions is controllable, upon manual selection of that operating step, by linguistic input,

receiving a user selection of a particular one of the first push buttons displaying a particular non-voice function and having
a voice controller symbol displayed on the particular push button, and

in response to receiving the user selection of the particular push button, automatically (a) displaying a plurality of second
selectable push buttons corresponding to a plurality of sub-functions related to the particular non-voice function and (b)
activating the voice controller, the activated voice controller configured to receive linguistic input following the selection
of the particular push button, wherein each second push button displays text corresponding to one of the sub-functions, and
wherein each sub-function is both (a) selectable by manual user selection of the corresponding second push button and (b)
selectable by linguistic input, via the activated voice controller, reciting the displayed text on corresponding second push
button.

US Pat. No. 9,305,412

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE AUTHENTICATION MANAGEMENT AND REPORTING

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for vehicle authentication, comprising:
a communications interface for receiving a vehicle event signal, said vehicle event signal comprising information regarding
a vehicle event comprising at least one of (i) a door lock condition and (ii) an operating condition of a vehicle;

a storage, operatively coupled to the communications interface, said storage being configured to store a vehicle event schedule
and at least one authentication rule, said storage being further configured to store the vehicle event signal; and

a processor, operatively coupled to the communications interface and storage, wherein the processor is configured to determine
when the vehicle event signal is compliant and when the vehicle event signal is not compliant with the vehicle event schedule
based on the at least one authentication rule,

wherein the processor is further configured to flag the vehicle event as potentially unauthorized when the signal is not compliant,
and generate an authentication request, requiring a predetermined response, for transmission from the communications interface
in order to execute the vehicle event.

US Pat. No. 9,238,409

STEERING WHEEL AND INTEGRATED TOUCHPADS FOR INPUTTING COMMANDS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

21. A method for operating a motor vehicle having a display, a steering wheel, a first touchpad integrated into the steering
wheel adapted to input commands, and a second touchpad integrated into the steering wheel and spatially separated from the
first touchpad adapted to input commands, comprising:
detecting a touch motion over the first touchpad;
detecting a simultaneously-occurring touch motion over the second touchpad; and
shifting a map detail represented by the display as a function of the touch motion over the first touchpad and the simultaneously-occurring
touch motion over the second touchpad;

wherein the shifting includes at least one of:
(a) shifting the map detail left as a function of a touch motion over the first touchpad directed to the left and a simultaneously-occurring
touch motion over the second touchpad directed toward the left;

(b) shifting the map detail right as a function of a touch motion over the first touchpad directed toward the right and a
simultaneously-occurring touch motion over the second touchpad directed toward the right;

(c) shifting the map detail downward as a function of a downwardly-directed touch motion over the first touchpad and a simultaneously-occurring
downwardly-directed touch motion over the second touchpad; and

(d) shifting the map detail upward as a function of an upwardly-directed touch motion over the first touchpad and a simultaneously-occurring
upwardly directed touch motion over the second touchpad.

US Pat. No. 9,222,795

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETOUR GUIDANCE IN A NAVIGATION SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for providing navigational maneuver instructions, comprising:
a navigation apparatus configured to generate navigation map data on a navigation system display, the navigation apparatus
comprising a communications input for receiving traffic data and vehicle data; and

a secondary display apparatus, communicatively coupled to the navigation system,
wherein the navigation system is configured to determine a maneuver instruction sequence based on the traffic data and vehicle
data,

wherein the maneuver instruction sequence comprises a series of directional instructions for responding to the traffic data
and vehicle data, and

wherein at least some of the directional instructions are represented for display as a series of generic navigational indicia.

US Pat. No. 9,464,908

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLUSTERING POINTS OF INTEREST IN A NAVIGATION SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A navigation system, comprising:
a processor;
a sensor, operatively coupled to the processor, the sensor being configured to determine a location of the navigation system;
an input, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the input is configured to receive destination data, specifying a
destination, and point-of-interest (POI) data specifying a plurality of generic or specific POIs from a user,

wherein the processor is configured to process the destination data and the plurality of generic and specific POIs to determine
a plurality of POIs that are in closest proximity to the destination and clustering the POIs for presentation on a navigational
map,

wherein the processor is configured to determine at least one alternate POI that is in closest proximity to the destination
based on a predetermined distance threshold in response to a determination that the clustered POIs exceed the predetermined
distance threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,398,096

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACCESSING AN IN-VEHICLE COMMUNICATION NETWORK VIA A MEDIA INTERFACE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for accessing an in-vehicle communication network, comprising:
a media interface including a microprocessor, the media interface connected to a vehicle media system; and
a multimedia device connected to the media interface and configured to access the in-vehicle communication network via the
vehicle media system such that the microprocessor is configured to transmit data bidirectionally between the multimedia device
and one or more electronic control units included in the in-vehicle communication network;

wherein the multimedia device is configured to manipulate the data loaded on the multimedia device;
wherein the multimedia device is configured to connect to an external network, and to retrieve, from the external network,
update data for a module within the in-vehicle communication network;

wherein the microprocessor of the media interface is configured to transmit the update data from the connected multimedia
device to the in-vehicle communication network; and

wherein the microprocessor of the media interface is configured to retrieve update data from the connected multimedia device,
identify a module within the in-vehicle communication network to update, and transmit the update data to the identified module.

US Pat. No. 9,156,191

METHOD FOR PROCESSING A TEXTILE FRACTION, WHICH WAS PRODUCED IN THE PROCESSING OF DISCARDED TIRES, AND INSTALLATION FOR IMPLEMENTING THE METHOD

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for processing a textile fraction produced in processing of discarded tires, comprising:
loosening the textile fraction;
density separation of the loosened textile fraction by force of gravity and air flow into a heavy material fraction and a
light material fraction by applying suction approximately perpendicularly to a field of gravity to suction off the light material
fraction;

separation of metallic components from the light material fraction included in the air flow; and
separation of a metal-reduced light material fraction from the air flow.

US Pat. No. 9,052,214

NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, METHOD FOR OPERATING A NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE INCLUDING A NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A navigation system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
an off-board navigation system spatially separate from the motor vehicle;
a wireless communication connection between the off-board navigation system and the motor vehicle adapted to transmit at least
one of (a) a suggested route for the motor vehicle and (b) a map display of an environment of the motor vehicle from the off-board
navigation system to the motor vehicle; and

a man-machine interface arranged in the motor vehicle adapted to output the at least one of (a) the suggested route and (b)
the map display to an operator of the motor vehicle at least one of (a) in connection and (b) together with an additional
item of information accessible to a third party;

wherein the at least one of (a) the suggested route and (b) the map display is selected based on a financial contribution
associated with the additional information.

US Pat. No. 9,316,375

VEHICLE LIGHT

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A light for a vehicle, the light configured to emit light in a light emission direction and comprising:
a single continuous reflector defining a continuous reflector face comprising multiple reflector face regions and an opening
formed in the continuous reflector face,

a first light source arranged such that the light emission thereof is reflected by a front side of a first region of the reflector
face of the reflector, and

a second light source arranged behind the first region of the reflector face in a concealed manner relative to the light emission
direction of the light such that at least a portion of the light emission of the second light source cannot pass unimpeded
through the reflector in the light emission direction of the light, but rather, in the following order, passes through the
opening, impinges on a front side of a second region of the reflector face of the reflector, reflects off the front side of
the second region of the reflector face, and propagates along the light emission direction of the light,

wherein the first region of the reflector face is located generally between the first light source and the second region of
the reflector face,

wherein from a front view of the reflector face, the opening extends only partially across a height of the reflector face
in along a virtual direction, and

wherein the first region of the reflector face that reflects light emission of the first light source forms a continuous connection
with the second region of the reflector face that reflects the light emission of the second light source via a reflector face
portion located vertically adjacent the opening and extending laterally across a lateral width of the opening.

US Pat. No. 9,465,375

SLIDING HARD KEYS

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A module, comprising:
a motor;
a threaded shaft coupled to and extending from the motor;
a movable platform movably attached to the threaded shaft;
a fastener configured to attach the movable platform to the threaded shaft, the threaded shaft being threadably engaged with
the fastener; and

a hard key movably supported on the movable platform,
wherein the hard key is movable through an opening in the module with vertical movement of the movable platform, and
wherein the hard key is connected directly to the movable platform.

US Pat. No. 9,395,915

OPERATING METHOD FOR A DISPLAY DEVICE IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

19. A display device for a vehicle, comprising:
a display area having a touch-sensitive surface; and
a processing unit adapted:
to display a first output in a first subarea of the display device;
to display a second output in a second subarea of the display device;
to display a data object symbol in one of the subareas;
to detect a movement, beginning at the data object symbol, by an operator relative to the touch-sensitive surface;
to move the data object symbol on the display device according to the detected movement between the subareas; and
to transfer data assigned to the data object symbol to an application assigned to the subarea in which the data object symbol
is located when the detected movement ends, wherein the data assigned to the data object symbol includes at least one of an
entry in a contact list, a maintenance instruction from the vehicle, and an appointment in an electronic appointment calendar;

wherein transferring the maintenance instruction to a navigation application triggers depiction, on a map, of garages that
are suitable for carrying out corresponding maintenance measures on the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,172,785

METHOD FOR DATA COMMUNICATION IN A VEHICLE AND DATA COMMUNICATION DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for data communication in a vehicle between an in-vehicle device and a mobile device coupled with the vehicle,
the method comprising:
transmitting, by the in-vehicle device, data via a data bus of the vehicle to an in-vehicle data communication device, a first
data protocol being used in which an arbitration occurs,

converting, by the data communication device, the data, and
transmitting, by the data communication device, the converted data via a data link to the mobile device,
wherein a second data protocol in which no arbitration occurs is used in the data transmission from the data communication
device to the mobile device;

wherein the data communication device converts the data received via the data bus of the vehicle into a data format for an
asynchronous serial interface, for the data transmission via the second data protocol; and

wherein the data bus of the vehicle is a controller area network (CAN) bus, the data communication device converts the data
received via the CAN bus into an intermediate data format, and the mobile device converts the data received from the data
communication device into the data format for the asynchronous serial interface.

US Pat. No. 9,348,555

IN-VEHICLE ACCESS OF MOBILE DEVICE FUNCTIONS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for in-vehicle access of mobile device functions, the system comprising:
an in-vehicle user control and an in-vehicle head unit (HU), the in-vehicle user control being configured to control the function
of the (HU)

wherein the HU-includes:
a graphical display device;
a transceiver configured to communicate with a mobile user equipment (UE) communication terminal;
a tangible processing unit (processor);
a non-transitory data storage device (memory) in data communication with the processor, on which is stored computer code which,
when executed on the processor, implements:

a protocol stack (stack) configured to establish a communication session between the HU and the UE;
a browser application (browser) configured to receive hypertext markup language version 5 (HTML5) code and to generate and
present, on the display, a graphical user interface (GUI) based on the received HTML5 code;

at least one cascading style sheet (CSS) that works in cooperation with the received HTML5 code to provide a characteristic
look to the generated GUI; and

instructions which cause the HU to:
send a request to the UE via the transceiver for app data including at least one of HTML5 code and code in another programming
language;

receive the requested app data via the transceiver; and
present on the display, via the browser application, a GUI generated using the received app data and the CSS,
wherein the protocol stack is integrated with the browser application, the app data received via the transceiver includes
a list of apps installed on the UE, the HU is configured to display icons for the list of apps for selection by a user on
the HU display, and

wherein, in response to selection of one of the listed apps by the user on the HU display, the UE launches a select one of
the UE installed apps, the HU launches the browser on the HU, a web server is launched on the UE, and the HTML5 code for rendering
the received app data in the HU generated GUI is sent to the HU to be rendered by the browser application running on the HU,
wherein, the UE and the HU are both configured to use the same syntax and semantics to render the received app data in the
generated GUI code for presentation on the display such that the GUI is rendered in the same way on the UE and HU,

wherein computer code is stored in the memory that implements a delegation server,
and wherein the delegation server requests, from the UE, a resource sought by the selected app,
wherein the delegation server is configured to delegate tasks between the HU and the UE to obtain better app performance based
on capability and load at the HU and the UE.

US Pat. No. 9,346,360

MOTOR VEHICLE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An on-board motor vehicle electrical system comprising:
a DC/DC converter with a high-voltage side and a low-voltage side;
at least one traction battery being connected to the high-voltage side; and
electrical loads connected to the low-voltage side powered exclusively by the at least one traction battery,
wherein the DC/DC converter is turned on by a control signal generated by an electrical device having electrical energy storage
means which is locally associated with the electrical device which generates at least the control signal,

wherein the electrical device is designed with a local energy storage means, with the local energy storage means supplying
the voltage to the DC/DC converter at least when said DC/DC converter is turned on, and

wherein the local energy storage means is charged in a predefinable time interval after the motor vehicle is turned off and/or
during charging of the traction battery.

US Pat. No. 9,244,527

SYSTEM, COMPONENTS AND METHODOLOGIES FOR GAZE DEPENDENT GESTURE INPUT CONTROL

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A control system comprising:
at least one user interface that outputs data to a user;
at least one gaze tracking sensor that tracks a gaze of the user and outputs data indicating a gaze direction of the user;
a processor that receives the data indicating the gaze direction of the user; and
a plurality of gesture recognition sensors that configured to detect at least one gesture made by the user, on a plurality
of disjunct surfaces included in an automotive vehicle in which the user is sitting and outputs data indicating the at least
one gesture,

wherein the processor includes a means for determining the functionality a user wishes to control by tracking the user's gaze
using the data indicating the gaze direction of the user and identifying a selected area of interest displayed on the at least
one user interface based on the data indicating the gaze direction of the user,

wherein the processor also includes a means for recognizing at least one gesture based on the data indicating the at least
one gesture made by the user and for controlling at least one operation associated with the selected area of interest based
on the data indicating the at least one gesture made by the user, and

wherein the control system controls operation of the vehicle or in-vehicle control system for the vehicle in which the user
is sitting.

US Pat. No. 9,126,498

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DISTRIBUTING A RECUPERATION FOR A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for distributing recuperation power for a vehicle, the method comprising:
determining the recuperation power;
detecting a respective setpoint power of at least one energy consumer; and
distributing the recuperation power to electrical energy sinks, the electrical energy sinks comprising an energy store and
the at least one energy consumer,

wherein the distribution is performed depending on the respective setpoint power of the at least one energy consumer, such
that an average actual power of the at least one energy consumer corresponds to the respective setpoint power of the at least
one energy consumer, wherein prioritization of the energy sinks is performed depending on one of the following items of information
in order to distribute the recuperation power depending on the prioritization:

an external temperature,
system temperatures,
a state of charge of the energy store, and
a degree of efficiency exhibited by the respective energy sink when a power which is supplied to the respective energy sink
is converted into another form of energy or when the supplied power is stored and output again.

US Pat. No. 9,069,650

METHOD FOR AN ENTERTAINMENT SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operation of an entertainment system of a vehicle, the method comprising:
determining, by a processor, a distance between the vehicle and a further vehicle;
the processor displaying a symbol for the vehicle and a symbol for the further vehicle on a display device of the vehicle
based on the determined distance between the vehicle and the further vehicle;

receiving an item of type information from the further vehicle, the type information comprising a manufacturer name and a
model name for the further vehicle; and

displaying the symbol for the vehicle and the symbol for the further vehicle comprising displaying the symbol for the vehicle
and the symbol for the further vehicle on the display device of the vehicle based on the distance and the type information,
wherein only vehicles of a particular type are displayed;

detecting, by a processor, actuation of a user control element after the symbol for the further vehicle has been displayed
on the display device;

receiving, at the processor, an actuation signal from the further vehicle, the actuation signal from the further vehicle indicating
that a user of the further vehicle has actuated a user control element of the further vehicle based on a symbol for the further
vehicle and a symbol for the vehicle being displayed on a display device of the further vehicle; and

carrying out a predetermined process in the entertainment system in response to detection of the actuation of the user control
element before receipt of the actuation signal from the further vehicle, wherein the predetermined process outputs an optical
and/or acoustic output to indicate that an occupant in the vehicle was faster at actuating their user control element than
an occupant in the further vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,434,255

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VARYING A POSITION OF AT LEAST ONE COMPONENT OF AN INFOTAINMENT SYSTEM IN THE INTERIOR OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for altering a position of a touch screen of an in-vehicle infotainment system in a vehicle interior with a person
in a driver seat of the vehicle interior, the method comprising:
ascertaining a travel mode of the vehicle of a plurality of travel modes comprising a first travel mode and a second travel
mode, wherein the first travel mode involves the vehicle being driven by the person in the driver seat and the second travel
mode involves the vehicle not being driven by the person in the driver seat;

determining, by a control device, that the person switches the travel mode of the vehicle from the first travel mode to the
second travel mode;

ascertaining, by the control device, that a steering wheel of the vehicle is in a first position in the vehicle interior;
ascertaining, by the control device, that the touch screen is in a second position, wherein the second position of the touch
screen is located in a combination instrument panel of the vehicle interior, wherein the first position of the steering wheel
is closer in proximity to the person than the second position of the touch screen; and

in response to ascertainment that the vehicle is in the second travel mode, by the control device, moving the steering wheel
from the first position to a third position in the vehicle interior, moving the touch screen with a movement device from the
second position to a fourth position in the vehicle interior through an opening in the steering wheel such that the fourth
position of the touch screen is moved closer in proximity to the person than the third position of the steering wheel,

wherein, in response to the touch screen being moved to the fourth position through the opening of the steering wheel, a size
of the touch screen is altered by the control device such that the touch screen at the fourth position is within a manual
reach of the person in the driver seat without a need of reaching the steering wheel which is at the third position behind
the touch screen and is out of reach from the person in the second travel mode.

US Pat. No. 9,207,839

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING A MULTITUDE OF PLANAR OBJECTS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

10. A method for displaying a plurality of planar objects, arranged in at least one stack, on a display area, comprising:
generating graphics data of the objects in a processing unit such that the at least one stack of objects is displayed on the
display area;

wherein, in a first mode, the at least one stack of objects is displayed in a first display state, the graphics data of the
objects generated so that only a first object of the at least one stack is shown on the display area;

wherein, in a second mode, in which a proximity ascertainment device detects an operating element in a proximity region in
front of the display area or in front of an input device, the at least one stack of objects is displayed in a second display
state, the graphics data of the objects generated so that the at least one stack of objects is expanded to display objects
behind the first object; and

wherein, in a third mode, following selection or touching of the display area or of an object shown on the display area, the
at least one stack of objects is displayed in a third display state, the graphics data of the objects generated so that individual
objects, or a subset of the objects, of the displayed stacks are displayed substantially at an offset one behind the other,
at a greater distance from each other than in the second mode, for selection of the objects using the operating element.

US Pat. No. 9,050,925

VEHICLE HAVING AN ELECTRIC DRIVE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A vehicle comprising:
an electric drive;
a sound transducer; and
a sound generator configured to substantially simultaneously generate a first noise with increasing frequency and decreasing
volume, a second noise with increasing frequency and increasing volume, and at least one third noise with increasing frequency
via the sound transducer with increasing speed of the electric drive,

wherein series of the first, second and third noises are generated substantially simultaneously and are cycled to form a Shepard-Risset
glissando effect.

US Pat. No. 9,415,689

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR GENERATING A USER RECOGNITION SIGNAL

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for user seat location recognition and control in a vehicle, the system comprising:
a control element including a physical interface for interaction with a user seated in the vehicle, the control element configured
to provide functionality dependent on a seat location of the user interacting with the interface,

a seat occupancy sensor arranged in the seat of the user in the vehicle configured to detect the presence of the user in the
seat,

a discrimination device configured to, upon activation by a control unit:
activate a transmitter to transmit wireless signals in the vehicle,
receive the transmitted wireless signals by a receiver in the vehicle, and
in response to the received wireless signals, generate a user seat location recognition signal identifying the seat location
of the user in the vehicle interacting with the interface,

wherein the control element is configured to receive the user seat location recognition signal and provide functionality dependent
on the identified seat location of the user in the vehicle interacting with the interface, and

a detection unit configured to detect an activation action of the user by touching or physically approaching the control element,
and

a control unit configured to activate the discrimination device to transmit wireless signals only when (a) the detection unit
detects a user touching or physically approaching the control element and (b) the seat occupancy sensor senses the presence
of the user in the seat of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,277,311

CONTROLLING A SPEAKER ARRANGEMENT IN A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for controlling a loudspeaker arrangement in a vehicle, wherein the loudspeaker arrangement can be adjusted to
at least an inoperative position, a projecting position and an operating position, the method comprising:
detecting an operating state of the vehicle;
automatically adjusting the loudspeaker arrangement between the inoperative position and the projecting position depending
on the operating state of the vehicle;

detecting an operating state of an audio apparatus of the vehicle, which audio apparatus is coupled to the loudspeaker arrangement
for the purpose of outputting audio signals; and

automatically adjusting the loudspeaker arrangement between the projecting position and the operating position depending on
the operating state of the audio apparatus.

US Pat. No. 9,450,278

CATHODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM—OXYGEN BATTERY

International Business Ma...

1. A lithium-oxygen battery comprising:
an anode comprising lithium;
a cathode defining a surface in contact with oxygen, wherein the cathode comprises ruthenium oxide, wherein the cathode is
covered by ruthenium oxide over more than 50% of its surface, wherein the cathode is substantially free of carbon; and

a non-aqueous electrolyte between, and in contact with, both the anode and the cathode.

US Pat. No. 9,371,031

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A HEADLAMP SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE, AND HEADLAMP SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A computer implemented method for controlling a headlamp system for a vehicle, the headlamp system having two headlamps
set apart from each other, comprising:
detecting, by a sensor, road users in front of the vehicle in a driving direction;
producing, by at least one of the two headlamps, a first total light pattern having an illumination range on a first side
of a center axis is greater than on a second side of this center axis, a second total light pattern having an illumination
range in a direction of at least one detected road user that is less than a distance to the detected road user and an

illumination range in another direction that is greater than the distance to the detected road user, and a third total light
pattern having an illumination range in the direction of at least one detected road user that is less than the distance to
the detected road user and greater than, or equal to, the illumination range in other directions; and

during a switch from the first total light pattern to the second total light pattern, reducing the illumination range of at
least one headlamp on the first side of the center axis to at least such an extent that it is less than the distance to the
detected road user, the second total light pattern being produced subsequently.

US Pat. No. 9,321,410

PIVOTING MECHANISM FOR MOVABLY ATTACHING A CAMERA TO A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A pivoting mechanism for the movable attachment of a camera to a vehicle, the pivoting mechanism comprising:
a vehicle-side component which can be attached to the vehicle;
a first rotary joint attached to the vehicle-side component;
a first pivot arm having a first end, a second end and a first length, wherein the first end is rotatably mounted on the first
rotary joint at a fixed point on the first pivot arm;

a second rotary joint attached to the vehicle-side component at a first distance from the first rotary joint;
a second pivot arm having a first end, a second end and a second length, wherein the first end is rotatably mounted on the
second rotary joint;

a camera holder which can be attached to the camera;
a third rotary joint attached to the camera holder and on which the second end of a first pivot arm is rotatably mounted;
and

a fourth rotary joint attached to the camera holder at a second distance from the third rotary joint and on which the second
end of a second pivot arm is rotatably mounted at a fixed point on the second pivot arm.

US Pat. No. 9,421,971

METHOD FOR A DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for a driver assistance system in a vehicle for controlling a distance from the vehicle to a further vehicle,
the method comprising:
determining a distance between the vehicle and the further vehicle;
determining a relative speed between the vehicle and the further vehicle;
determining whether the vehicle is approaching the further vehicle based on the relative speed;
determining a target distance between the vehicle and the further vehicle based on a speed of the vehicle and the relative
speed, which is a difference in speed of the vehicle from the further vehicle;

when it is determined the vehicle approaches the further vehicle, operating the vehicle in an operating state selected from
a plurality of prescribed operating states based on the distance, the target distance, and the relative speed;

associating a respective activation distance range with each of the operating states of the plurality of prescribed operating
states, wherein the respective activation distance range is determined based on the speed of the vehicle and the relative
speed;

associating a respective deactivation distance range with each of the operating states of the plurality of prescribed operating
states, wherein the respective deactivation distance range is determined based on the speed of the vehicle and the relative
speed;

beginning operation of the vehicle in an operating state from the plurality of prescribed operating states when the vehicle
approaches the further vehicle and the distance between the vehicle and the further vehicle is in the activation distance
range associated with the operating state; and

terminating operation of the vehicle in the previously begun operating state when the distance between the vehicle and the
further vehicle leaves the deactivation distance range associated with the operating state.

US Pat. No. 9,291,469

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PLANNING A TRAVEL ROUTE FOR A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for planning a travel route for a vehicle including an energy storage unit for storing energy to power the vehicle,
comprising:
transmitting, for planning of the travel route, a destination sequence and user-specifiable time of arrival at at least one
destination of the destination sequence, to an arithmetic logic unit coupled to a data memory in which data concerning a road
network for the vehicle is stored,

calculating, by the arithmetic logic unit, at least in part as a function of the user-specifiable time of arrival, a route
sequence which connects destinations in the destination sequence,

calculating a projected remaining amount of energy in the energy storage unit for traveling the route sequence,
ascertaining, at least for a geographical position of the vehicle at one destination of the destinations in the destination
sequence, based on the projected remaining amount of energy in the energy storage unit of the vehicle, the stored road network
and a projected energy consumption in traveling the road network, points in the road network which are still reachable from
the one destination with the projected remaining amount of energy at the one destination, and

generating, for at least the one destination in the destination sequence, a graphic map depiction in which the geographical
position of the one destination and the points in the road network which are still reachable from the one destination with
the projected remaining amount of energy of the vehicle at the one destination are visually represented.

US Pat. No. 9,327,705

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR STEERING A VEHICLE TOWARD AN OBJECT DURING A PARKING OPERATION

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for controlling a vehicle, equipped with a drive unit and a brake device, during a parking operation next to an
object, comprising:
detecting a distance to the object;
detecting an angle of inclination of the vehicle;
detecting a movement direction of the vehicle relative to the angle of inclination;
determining a first distance of the vehicle from the object as a function of the detected angle of inclination and the detected
movement direction;

accelerating the vehicle from a stand still by the drive unit bringing a speed of the vehicle to a parking speed up to the
first distance of the vehicle from the object, the parking speed maximally corresponding to a drive speed achievable with
an idle speed of the drive unit;

maintaining the speed automatically by the drive unit; and
after reaching the first distance and before attaining a second distance to the object, corresponding to a stopping distance,
decelerating the vehicle to a standstill by the brake device;

wherein the vehicle is moved up to the first distance to the object using the idle speed of the drive unit and an approximately
closed clutch for force transmission, and after the first distance has been reached, the clutch is opened until the second
distance has been reached.

US Pat. No. 9,298,184

PROCESS AND DEVICE TO ENABLE OR DISABLE AN AUTOMATIC DRIVING FUNCTION

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for activating or deactivating an automatic driving function of a technical vehicle piloting system that assists
a driver of a motor vehicle, the pilot system having states between which predefined transitions are possible based on predefined
conditions, including at least three system states of pilot not ready, pilot ready but inactive, and pilot active, the method
comprising:
in response to a request of the driver, transitioning from the ready but inactive pilot state to the pilot active state;
in response to a request of the driver, transitioning from the pilot active state to the ready but inactive pilot state;
in response to a driver braking measure, a steering measure and/or a kick-down measure by the driver, transitioning from the
pilot active state to the pilot not ready state;

in response to a driver braking measure, steering and/or acceleration measure and/or exceeding predefined limit values with
respect to vehicle behavior and/or driving behavior, transitioning from the ready but inactive pilot state to the pilot not
ready state; and

in response to predefined pre-requisites for system readiness having been met, transitioning from the pilot not ready state
to the ready but inactive pilot state,

wherein the vehicle pilot system further comprises the further system state of escalating driver warning in which the driver
is requested to readopt his driver behavior caused by the automatic driving function or to assume vehicle guidance, and

wherein the vehicle pilot system further comprises the further system state of minimal risk maneuver, which is used to change
the vehicle to a minimal risk state using a suitable driving maneuver.

US Pat. No. 9,163,572

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A PRESSURE AT THE OUTPUT OF AN EXHAUST GAS SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for determining a pressure at an output of an exhaust gas system of an internal combustion engine system of a
vehicle, the internal combustion engine system comprising:
an internal combustion engine;
a fresh air supply;
an exhaust system; and
a low-pressure exhaust-gas recirculation component including a low-pressure exhaust-gas recirculation valve, which couples
the fresh air supply to the output of the exhaust gas system,

the method comprising:
detecting a mass flow through the internal combustion engine system;
detecting an ambient pressure at a fresh air supply of the internal combustion engine system;
determining a throttling of the mass flow through the internal combustion engine system by determining throttling of mass
flow through the low-pressure exhaust-gas recirculation component as a function of a setting of the low-pressure exhaust-gas
recirculation valve; and

determining the pressure at the output of the exhaust gas system as a function of the mass flow, the ambient pressure, and
the throttling of the mass flow through the internal combustion engine system.

US Pat. No. 9,447,606

LOCKING SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A locking system comprising:
at least two locking devices;
a key, the at least two locking devices being actuatable with the key;
each respective locking device including a lock cylinder, the lock cylinder having a cylinder housing, a cylinder core and
a key channel within the cylinder core, wherein when the key is arranged in an insertion direction, the key is insertable
axially into the key channel; and

at least two types of plate tumblers each having an opening, the opening of each type having a different shape, are arranged
in the cylinder core of each respective locking device, such that each respective locking device has the same at least two
types of plate tumblers therein, the at least two types of plate tumblers are radially displaceable with respect to a cylinder
axis, such that the cylinder core is freely rotatable with respect to the cylinder housing of the lock cylinder,

wherein the key has at least two control tracks via which scanning points provided on the key are scanned in at least two
scanning planes lying one behind the other respectively transverse to the insertion direction, and

wherein scanning points of the key, that are provided in one of the scanning planes out of the at least two scanning planes
of the key, are positioned so as to be able to scan cooperating scanning points of all of the at least two types of plate
tumblers in each of the at least two locking devices, respectively, such that any one of the at least two types of plate tumblers
in each of the at least two locking devices may be arranged at the one scanning plane and be scanned by the scanning points
provided on the key in the one scanning plane, to allow the cylinder cores of the locking devices to be adapted to a selection
of one of the at least two types of plate tumblers with the same key,

wherein a first control track of the at least two control tracks is provided solely on a first side of the key and a second
control track of the at least two control tracks is provided solely on a second side of the key, the first side of the key
being arranged perpendicular to the second side of the key.

US Pat. No. 9,310,989

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROVIDING A USER INTERFACE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for providing a user interface in a vehicle, the method comprising:
determining a current speed of the vehicle;
displaying a subset of a set having a large number of objects can be by a display device, wherein the objects are divided
into n disjunction subsets, where n is a natural number which is greater than 2;

displaying a graphical element via the display device, wherein the graphical element represents which subset is currently
displayed by virtue of a relative position of a first graphical sub-element in relation to a second graphical sub-element;
and

altering the displayed subset in response to an operator control process wherein n positions are defined relative to the second
graphical sub-element, and the first graphical sub-element is displayed only at one of these n positions if no operator control
process for altering the subset is performed,

wherein the positioning of the first graphical sub-element on one of the n positions is relative to the second graphical sub-element,
the positioning representing which of the n subsets is currently being displayed on the display device, and

wherein the position of the first graphical sub-element is changed at the conclusion of the operator control process in response
to performance of the operator control process for altering the subset using an animation that provides a visual transition,
wherein the animation visually displays transitions between various display modes by virtue of movement of graphical objects,
wherein the speed of the animation is a function of the determined vehicle speed, wherein at least one dimension of the first
graphical sub-element relative to that dimension of the second graphical sub-element in at least one direction represents
the number of objects in the currently displayed subset relative to the total number of objects in the set.

US Pat. No. 9,200,908

NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a navigation system for a motor vehicle having an offboard data memory, spatially separated from
the motor vehicle, having data packets, divided by region, of visual map information and a display arranged in the motor vehicle,
comprising:
selecting at least one of (a) data packets provided for transmission to the motor vehicle or (b) a sequence of the data packets,
the selecting being performed as a function of at least one of (a) a resolution of the display, (b) a location of the motor
vehicle, or (c) an assumed route of the motor vehicle;

transmitting the selected data packets to the motor vehicle; and
representing visual map information of the data packets transmitted to the motor vehicle by the display;
wherein, if the bandwidth of the communication connection is not fully utilized, near a route junction, at least one additional
data packet is provided for transmission to the motor vehicle while the motor vehicle is on the assumed route, the at least
one additional data packet being situated at the route junction, but not along the assumed route of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,205,743

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A display device for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a display control which, in operation, generates a first image signal;
an image multiplexer which, in operation, combines the first image signal with a second image signal and outputs a mixed image
signal;

a monitor which, in operation, displays an image as a function of the mixed image signal, the monitor having at least one
region; and

a control-signal interface which, in operation, reads in a control signal having a first control signal component controlling
an electromechanical display, a second control signal component controlling an infotainment display, and a third control signal
component controlling a warning display;

wherein, for each of the at least one region of the monitor, an image corresponding to the second image signal is displayed
if there is no image corresponding to the first image signal.

US Pat. No. 9,179,176

METHOD FOR OPERATING A DATA RECEIVER AND DATA RECEIVER, IN PARTICULAR IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a data receiver for audio and/or video data, the method comprising:
recording a planned and variable sequence of program titles having a number of program titles;
receiving and buffering audio and/or video data for at least one program title via transmission resources of a data link;
reproducing audio and/or video data of the at least one program, and
distributing, by the data receiver, the transmission resources of the data link for audio and/or video data to be transmitted
to at least two program titles not yet reproduced,

wherein the distribution of the transmission resources to at least two program titles not yet reproduced is based at least
on an estimate of acceptance of the at least two program titles.

US Pat. No. 9,272,616

FILLER NECK FOR A FUEL TANK

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

17. A filler neck for a fuel tank, comprising:
a filler pipe having a longitudinal axis and a circular cross section having an inner diameter, the filler pipe having a circular
opening defined by the inner diameter;

a rectangular blocking element rotatably arranged within the circular opening of the filler pipe, the rectangular blocking
element comprising a first end and a second end and having a length that is less than the inner diameter of the filler pipe,
the rectangular blocking element being composed of a single rectangular element;

a circular gap disposed between an inner wall of the filler pipe and each of the first end and the second end of the rectangular
blocking element, the circular gap configured to receive a spout of a fuel hose; and

a fuel filler flap, which is attached adjacent to the filler pipe along a flap axis,
wherein a perpendicular line runs from the flap axis to the center of the circle sector in which the blocking element is arranged,
wherein the blocking element is pivotable about the longitudinal axis,
wherein the blocking element comprises a flat section having a first surface and a second surface, which are spaced apart
by a thickness of the flat section, wherein:

the first surface in a region extends obliquely to the first surface outside the region, or the second surface in the region
extends obliquely to the second surface outside the region, or the first surface in the region extends in a curved manner
to the first surface outside the region, or the second surface in the region extends in a curved manner to the second surface
outside the region.

US Pat. No. 9,400,897

METHOD FOR CLASSIFYING PARKING SCENARIOS FOR A SYSTEM FOR PARKING A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for classifying parking scenarios for an assistance system for parking a motor vehicle, a predefined number of
parking scenarios being defined and each parking scenario being described by a predefined number of typical parking scenario
criteria, the criteria being based at least on parking-space-specific parameters, the method comprising:
determining data relating to the environment of the motor vehicle using an environment sensor system of the motor vehicle;
determining parking-space-specific parameters from the environment data;
checking the criteria of each parking scenario using the parking-space-specific parameters; and
classifying each parking scenario using the criteria which have been checked;
wherein the following parking scenarios: “reversing into a perpendicular parking space”, “reversing into a parallel parking
space”, “driving forward into a perpendicular parking space”, “driving forward into a parallel parking space” and “driving
forward into an oblique parking space” are defined

wherein a type of parking space in the parking scenario is detected by checking criteria including a number of previously
found free spaces in which one of perpendicular, parallel, or oblique-type parking is possible.

US Pat. No. 9,459,116

DISPLAY METHOD FOR A DISPLAY SYSTEM, DISPLAY SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD FOR A NAVIGATION SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A display method for a display system, the display system including a display adapted for graphic representation of changeable
information and an operating unit adapted for control of displayed information by a user, comprising:
detecting an approach of the user to the operating unit; and altering the graphic representation as a function of the detected
approach to reduce a time rate of display change of the graphic representation; wherein the display system includes a display
system of a navigation system of a vehicle, the changeable information including a representation of a geographical map of
an area surrounding the vehicle and position of the vehicle on the geographical map; wherein if no approach of the user to
the operating unit is detected, the vehicle is shown at a predetermined location on the display, and the display change include
the representation of the geographical map as a function of a movement of the vehicle; and wherein if an approach of the user
below a predetermined distance to the operating unit is detected, the geographical map is shown unchanged on the display,
and the display change includes a representation of the vehicle as a function of a movement of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,193,270

CHARGING INTERFACE FOR AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A charging interface for an electric vehicle, for charging a traction battery, the charging interface comprising:
a charging socket positioned a vehicle body opening and a closure device covering the vehicle body opening, wherein the closure
device is flush with a vehicle body surface,

wherein the charging socket is moveable in an axial direction of the vehicle body opening, and
wherein opening the closure device brings about a movement of the charging socket.

US Pat. No. 9,429,443

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING PARAMETERS OF A MODEL FOR THE LONGITUDINAL GUIDANCE AND FOR THE DETERMINATION OF A LONGITUDINAL GUIDE FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for determining parameters of a model of predicted longitudinal guidance of a vehicle under control of a controller,
the method comprising:
detecting a section of a route of the vehicle using sensors of the vehicle, wherein the route runs from a current position
of the vehicle to a target position of the route;

detecting an actual speed-time profile of the vehicle when driving through the section; and
determining the parameters as a function of the actual speed time profile,
wherein a predetermined section type and a reference speed-time profile, which is dependent on the section type, are assigned
to the section,

wherein an expected speed time profile is determined with the parameters based on the basis of the reference speed time profile,
wherein the parameters are dependent on a current driver, to determine the expected speed time profile of a respective section,
and

wherein the parameters comprise at least one parameter from a parameter group comprising: an offset speed which indicates,
for the respective section, a deviation from a constant speed within the reference speed time profile of the respective section,
and a transition acceleration, which indicates an acceleration for the respective section to accelerate, within the respective
section, from a first specific speed of the vehicle to a second specific speed of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,562,468

METHOD FOR MOUNTING AND SETTING AN ACTUATOR OF AN EXHAUST GAS TURBOCHARGER, AND AN ACTUATOR INTENDED FOR A CHARGING DEVICE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for mounting and/or setting an actuator of an exhaust gas turbocharger, the method comprising:
providing the actuator with an actuating device, wherein the actuating device serves to actuate a bypass valve and wherein
the actuating device has an axially movable actuating rod, wherein the actuating rod is connected, via a coupling element,
to an actuation section of the bypass valve;

determining a setpoint position of the coupling element with respect to the actuating rod in dependence of a position of the
bypass valve and the actuating device by first adjustably connecting the actuation section to the actuating rod via the coupling
element and prepositioning the coupling element such that the coupling element is movable with two degrees of freedom with
respect to the actuating rod and then setting the setpoint position in an axial direction of the actuating rod and transversely
with respect to the axial direction of the actuating rod by moving the actuating device into a position which corresponds
to its closed position and by introducing a force into the actuator, wherein the force is introduced with a tool and wherein
the force immobilizes the bypass valve in its closed position in order to immobilize a relative position set in this way between
the actuation section and the actuating rod; and

welding the coupling element to the actuating rod in the setpoint position.

US Pat. No. 9,500,680

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE ABSENCE OF VOLTAGE IN AN ELECTRICAL HIGH-VOLTAGE SYSTEM, AND ELECTRICAL HIGH-VOLTAGE SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for checking safe isolation of a low-voltage electrical distribution system from a high-voltage power supply in
a high-voltage electrical system in an electric or hybrid vehicle, the method comprising:
using at least two of a plurality of control devices in the high-voltage system to detect, independently of one another, a
voltage on high-voltage lines in the high-voltage system and indicate whether the respectively measured voltages are above
or below a threshold voltage value or whether a fault has occurred in the measurement;

determining whether there is safe isolation of the low-voltage electrical distribution system from the high-voltage power
supply using the at least two of the plurality of control devices based on the detected voltage on the high-voltage lines
in the high-voltage system measured by the at least two of the plurality of control devices; and

displaying an indication of the determined safe isolation of the low-voltage electrical distribution system from the high-voltage
power supply on at least one display unit, wherein the displaying of the indication of the determined safe isolation is performed
only in response to and based on the determination of the safe isolation performed based on the at least two of the plurality
of control devices all detecting a voltage below the threshold voltage value.

US Pat. No. 10,007,874

CLAMPING BOLT WITH INTEGRATED RFID TRANSPONDER

Balluff GmbH, Neuhausen ...

1. A clamping bolt (5) havinga circular-cylindrically shaped clamping region (51),
a first boundary region (52) and a second boundary region (53) which border the clamping region (51) along the longitudinal axis of the clamping bolt (5), wherein each boundary region (52, 53) has a greater external diameter than the clamping region (51), and
a through opening (55) running along a longitudinal axis of the clamping bolt (5),wherein an attachment (3) is arranged on the first boundary region (52), said attachment (3) havinga base body (31),
an opening (32) passing through the base body,
a contact surface (33) that runs around the through opening, said contact surface (33) standing orthogonally on the longitudinal axis (L) of the through opening (32), and that is adapted to contact the clamping bolt (5),
a receptacle region (34) running around the through opening (32) between the through opening (32) and the contact surface (33) in the base body, and
a RFID transponder (4) arranged in the receptacle region (34).

US Pat. No. 9,279,381

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for controlling a gasoline engine, said method comprising:
monitoring, via a monitoring module, at least one operating parameter;
detecting, via the monitoring module, a temporal change in the at least one operating parameter that exceeds a dynamics threshold
value;

controlling, via a control module, an injection timing of the gasoline engine as a function of the detected temporal change
of the at least one operating parameter;

regulating, via a regulation module, the injection timing as a function of the at least one operating parameter of the gasoline
engine, wherein the injection timing defines the time at which a fuel is injected into the gasoline engine;

if the temporal change of the at least one operating parameter detected by the monitoring module exceeds the dynamics threshold
value, maintaining, via the control module, the injection timing determined by the regulation module for a duration of a holding
period; and

adjusting, via a holding period module, the holding period as a function of the at least one operating parameter of the gasoline
engine.

US Pat. No. 9,202,375

NAVIGATION SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a navigation system for a motor vehicle having an offboard data memory, spatially separated from
the motor vehicle, having data packets for transmission to the motor vehicle via a communication connection having a bandwidth,
divided by region, of visual map information and a display arranged in the motor vehicle, comprising:
selecting at least one of (a) data packets provided for transmission to the motor vehicle or (b) a sequence of the data packets,
the selecting occurring as a function of at least one of (a) a resolution of the display, (b) at least one of (i) a chosen
or (ii) an available resolution of data, (c) a location of the motor vehicle, (d) an assumed route of the motor vehicle, or
(e) the bandwidth of the communication connection provided for the transmission;

transmitting the selected data packets to the motor vehicle;
transmitting, in response to user request for the bandwidth of the communication connection, expected values of the bandwidth
of the communication connection along the assumed route of the motor vehicle, wherein if the expected values of the bandwidth
are below a threshold value, the resolution of the display is reduced; and

representing visual map information of the data packets transmitted to the motor vehicle by the display.

US Pat. No. 9,836,208

METHOD FOR DISPLAYING INFORMATION IN A MOTOR VEHICLE WITH A VARIABLE SCALE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for displaying information via a display mounted in a motor vehicle, comprising:
generating, by a user-interface device, graphics data adapted to control the display to display a graphical object in which
a display content is shown at a specific scale;

selecting a pixel of the display with the aid of an input device;
drawing a line on the display starting from the pixel;
altering the scale of the display content as a function of a length of the line, the degree of altering proportional to a
value the length of the line; and

showing the display content included in an original scale of the graphical object in graphically contrasting manner during
the drawing of the line;

wherein the altering includes reducing the scale of the display content in real time during the drawing of the line, a degree
of the reduction corresponding to the length of the line, and enlarging the scale of the display content after the line is
completed.

US Pat. No. 9,287,938

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMISSION OF SONG IDENTIFICATIONS

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for transmitting song identifiers from an infotainment device in a vehicle to a mobile device from a plurality
of mobile devices via at least one interface, the method comprising:
identifying all mobile devices connected and/or connectable via the interface;
determining whether a preset for an identified mobile device has been stored that specifies transmission to the identified
mobile device; and

transmitting stored song identifiers from the infotainment device,
wherein if the identified mobile devices include only a single mobile device with this preset, the song identifiers are transmitted
automatically to this mobile device, and

wherein, if the identified mobile devices include only a mobile device for which this preset has not been stored or at least
two mobile devices with this preset, the song identifiers are transmitted to a selected mobile device after a mobile device
is selected from the plurality of identified mobile devices by a user.

US Pat. No. 9,193,387

AUTOMATIC FORWARD PARKING IN PERPENDICULAR PARKING SPACES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for forward parking of a motor vehicle in a perpendicular parking space, the motor vehicle having environment
sensors for determining environment data and obstacles in an environment of the motor vehicle, comprising:
prealigning the motor vehicle in front of the parking space in such a manner that a setpoint steering angle ?free is between a maximum steering angle ?max and a minimum steering angle ?min;

iteratively searching, using the controller, a permissible steering angle range between the maximum steering angle ?max and the minimum steering angle ?min to identify and select a current steering angle for a forward maneuvering movement of the motor vehicle into the perpendicular
parking space, that current steering angle enabling the vehicle to cover a maximum free path length si, i=[0, . . . n] while the vehicle travels in the forward maneuvering movement into the perpendicular parking space without
hitting obstacles; and

terminating that forward maneuvering movement having the current steering angle if the end of the parking operation has been
reached or a reverse maneuvering movement must be carried out to avoid hitting an obstacle,

wherein the vehicle alignment with respect to the perpendicular parking space is determined by determining distances between
detected lateral obstacles that are within a predefined distance value and by placing a regression line through each of the
left-hand and right-hand obstacle points, wherein a distance between the left-hand and right-hand obstacle points is less
than the predetermined distance value, and wherein each of the regression lines forms an angle relative to the vehicle longitudinal
axis and a mean value of those relative angles forms a measure of the alignment of the motor vehicle with respect to the perpendicular
parking space, and

wherein the measure of the alignment is used to detect the positioning of the motor vehicle in the parking space with respect
to the forward maneuvering movement and, for the reverse maneuvering movement, is used to determine a favorable starting position
for the next forward maneuvering movement,

wherein, a first iteration i=0 of the iterative search is carried out by scanning a predefined curvature range with a predefined
curvature iteration size to determine an ideal curvature estimated value which corresponds to the current steering angle,
and the forward maneuvering movement of the motor vehicle is carried out along the ideal curvature estimated value of the
first iteration, wherein the curvature estimated value of the first iteration corresponds to the maximum free path length,

wherein the maximum free path length is a vehicle movement path length that provides the maximum distance traveled without
the vehicle hitting an obstacle.

US Pat. No. 9,187,006

VEHICLE POSITIONING FOR WIRELESS CHARGING SYSTEMS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A vehicle charging system comprising
a charger induction coil,
a passenger vehicle including a rechargeable battery and a vehicle induction coil coupled to the rechargeable battery, the
vehicle induction coil configured to wirelessly receive power from the charger induction coil and to transmit power from the
charger induction coil to the rechargeable battery, and

a positioning system including at least one beacon, a camera configured to detect the at least one beacon, and a control system
in communication with the camera to receive information associated with the at least one beacon, the control system being
configured to determine a position of the vehicle induction coil relative to the charger induction coil based on information
from the camera and to communicate to a driver an in-position message when the vehicle induction coil is in a predefined position
that allows receipt of power from the charger induction coil or an out-of-position message when the vehicle induction coil
is not in a predefined position that allows receipt of power from the charger induction coil so that the driver can adjust
the position of the passenger vehicle along with the vehicle induction coil to establish charging of the rechargeable battery,

wherein the at least one beacon includes at least three light-emitting beacons arranged in two spaced apart vertical planes,
wherein each light-emitting beacon emits infrared light and the camera is configured to detect infrared light.

US Pat. No. 9,607,454

SYSTEM FOR DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN TRAFFIC JAM AND PARKED VEHICLES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An identification system for use in a primary vehicle to identify a status of a group of secondary vehicles, the system
comprising:
a secondary vehicle data collector for obtaining data regarding emissions from a secondary vehicle of the group of secondary
vehicles;

a secondary vehicle feature detection module for detecting active-status indicators;
a secondary vehicle status analyzer for analyzing characteristics of detected active-status indicators;
means for determining a probability that the group of secondary vehicles are part of a traffic jam based on the active-status
indicators and determining whether the group of secondary vehicles are in a traffic jam or parked based on a comparison of
the determined probability and a predetermined threshold probability level; and

means for prompting a user of the primary vehicle to activate an autonomous driving function in response to a determination
that the secondary vehicles are part of a traffic jam and the primary vehicle is travelling below a speed threshold.

US Pat. No. 9,341,493

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING A USER INTERFACE, PARTICULARLY IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for providing a user interface in a vehicle in which a structured volume of data is stored which relates to the
scope of functions of at least one function the method comprising:
predetermining at least two hierarchically related subsets of the structured volume of data, wherein a hierarchically higher
subset of the structured volume of data comprises a hierarchically lower subset of the structured volume of data entirely;

predetermining at least two hierarchically related modes of operation, which each produce and at least partially display a
user menu with controllable graphic objects based on a predetermined subset of the structured volume of data, wherein a hierarchically
higher mode of operation is based on the hierarchically higher subset of the structured volume of data;

capturing a control command; and
selecting a mode of operation based on the captured control command,
wherein the subsets of the structured volume of data are predetermined such that further menu items from the same menu level
are produced and displayed in the hierarchically higher mode of operation in comparison with a hierarchically lower mode of
operation;

wherein, when the user interface is switched on via the ignition, the control command is produced automatically in response
thereto and, independent of user input, a most recently used mode of operation is selected.

US Pat. No. 9,459,623

STOP SIGN INTERSECTION DECISION SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for autonomously navigating an autonomous vehicle through a stop sign intersection, comprising:
an intersection arrival detector configured to detect that the vehicle has arrived at the stop sign intersection;
a vehicle detector configured to detect a previously-arrived vehicle at the stop sign intersection;
a pedestrian detector configured to detect a pedestrian crossing at the stop sign intersection; and
means for determining that the detected pedestrian is obstructing the previously-arrived vehicle from proceeding through the
stop sign intersection and for deciding, in response to the determination, instructs the autonomous vehicle to proceed through
the stop sign intersection without waiting for the previously-arrived vehicle to proceed through the stop sign intersection,

wherein the means for determining that the detected pedestrian is obstructing the previously-arrived vehicle comprises a calculator
that estimates a duration of time for which the detected pedestrian will obstruct the previously-arrived vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,442,359

DYNAMIC VEHICLE DISPLAY UNIT

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A passenger vehicle comprising
screen generator for moving media particles generally along a viewing plane to create a vapor screen made up of media particles,
and

a projector that projects light onto the screen to create an image on the vapor screen, the projector arranged to project
light generally along a path that is not parallel to a passenger line of sight so that light passing through the vapor screen
is not directed into the eyes of a passenger seated in the vehicle,

a sensor coupled to a controller and configured to detect stability of the vapor screen, and
further comprising an HVAC system coupled to the controller and configured to provide heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning
inside the passenger vehicle, wherein the controller is configured to adjust the operation of the HVAC system in response
to receiving stability information relating to the vapor screen,

wherein the screen generator includes a blower configured to accelerate the media particles making up the screen along the
viewing plane,

wherein the screen generator includes a nozzle configured to atomize a liquid into liquid media particles, and
wherein the screen generator includes a vacuum spaced apart from the blower and configured to pull and receive the media particles
making up the screen along the viewing plane.

US Pat. No. 9,109,638

SWITCHABLE COUPLING, IN PARTICULAR FOR PASSENGER VEHICLE AUXILIARY ASSEMBLIES

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A switchable coupling for selectively connecting a drive element and a power take-off element, comprising:
an activation system operable at least one of electrically, mechanically, pneumatically or hydraulically, the activation system
including a first switching member configured to be switched between a switching starting position and a switching end position;
and

an auxiliary coupling operatively connected to the power take-off element, the auxiliary coupling including a second switching
member and a locking body supported on the auxiliary coupling, wherein

the activation system is disposed between the drive element and the power take-off element,
in the switching end position of the first switching member, a first friction surface of the first switching member engages
a second friction surface of the drive element such that an operative connection for transfer of torque between the drive
element and the auxiliary coupling is formed,

the locking body is arranged on the auxiliary coupling in a manner which permits the locking body to move counter to a force
of a locking body reset element into an engaged position in which the locking body engages the drive element for transfer
of torque from the drive element to the auxiliary coupling when the auxiliary coupling is rotating above a predetermined rotation
speed,

the locking body remains in the engaged position after de-actuation of the activation system by moving the second switching
member from the switching end position toward of the switching start position until the auxiliary coupling is rotating below
an auxiliary coupling opening rotation speed at which the locking body reset element moves the locking body out of engagement
with the drive element.

US Pat. No. 9,721,739

DC VOLTAGE SWITCH FOR HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

1. A DC voltage switch for high-voltage on-board electrical systems, the switch comprising:
a housing;
at least two stationary contacts; and
a moving contact,
wherein a first contact region of the stationary contacts is routed out of the housing and a second contact region of the
stationary contacts is arranged in a switching chamber of the housing with the moving contact,

wherein the housing is hermetically encapsulated,
wherein a cooling chamber is separated from the switching chamber by a partition wall and arranged above the switching chamber,
and

wherein the partition wall has at least one outlet opening and at least one inlet opening.

US Pat. No. 9,600,140

INPUT DEVICE AND INTERFACES FOR MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
an input device adapted to input at least one of (a) a search criterion and (b) a search term;
a first interface adapted to exchange data with a first offboard data memory containing streaming media to be broadcast at
various future times;

a second interface adapted to exchange data with a second offboard data memory containing non-broadcast media;
a computing device adapted to automatically search for information corresponding to the at least one of:
(a) the search criterion; and
(b) the search term;
in the first offboard data memory and in the second offboard data memory; and
a media playback device for playing an individual media item selected from a list of media items included in information found
with the aid of the computing device;

wherein when the individual media item is an item of the streaming media, the computing device automatically switches to the
item of the streaming media at a corresponding broadcast time, causing the media playback device to play the item of the streaming
media.

US Pat. No. 9,589,392

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING A USER INTERFACE IN A VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for providing a user interface in a vehicle, comprising:
capturing at the vehicle operating parameters that are relevant to the operation of the vehicle;
permanently arranging in the vehicle a display and operator control device readable from the seat position of a driver and
used to display information about captured operating parameters;

setting up a wireless data link between the vehicle and a mobile reproduction appliance that is detachably connected in the
vehicle or that is freely held by a user in the vehicle;

transmitting data for producing a display content from the vehicle to the reproduction appliance via the wireless data link;
using the transmitted data as a basis for producing a display content on the reproduction appliance, the display content comprising
information about captured operating parameters that is displayed on the display and operator control device; and

selecting a subregion of the display content on the reproduction appliance and altering the display on the reproduction appliance
by highlighting or enlarging the selected subregion of the display content on the reproduction appliance;

wherein an operator control element is reproduced on the reproduction appliance and is used to control a vehicle function,
wherein the operator control of an operator control element that is reproduced on the reproduction appliance transmits an
announcement to the driver of the vehicle, the announcement comprising a notification that a vehicle occupant has preselected
a function that requires driver confirmation prior to execution.

US Pat. No. 9,443,153

AUTOMATIC LABELING AND LEARNING OF DRIVER YIELD INTENTION

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system installed in a determination vehicle for determining yielding behaviors of other vehicles comprising:
an input sensor for receiving a signal indicating the start of a driving maneuver and a second signal indicating the end of
a driving maneuver;

a vehicle data recording module that saves recorded vehicle sensor data in response to input signals indicating the start
and stop of the driving maneuver creating recorded data,

a vehicle perception annotation module configured to automatically detect and label features in the recorded data of the vehicle
including features of the determination vehicle, features of other vehicles surrounding the determination vehicle; and features
of the road, and

means for automatically determining that a detected vehicle is yielding to the piloted vehicle based on the features of the
determination vehicle, other detected vehicles, and the road, and in response to the determination, and automatically labeling
the detected vehicle as yielding or not yielding in the recorded data.

US Pat. No. 9,140,047

METHOD FOR LOWERING A WINDOW PANE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for lowering window panes, the method comprising:
detecting a first status signal;
lowering one of the window panes by a defined distance from an initial position via a window regulator in a motor vehicle
door after said detecting the first status signal, the first status signal being triggered by an actuation of a seat belt
buckle, the defined distance is dimensioned such that a top edge of the one of the window panes has a contact-free spacing
from a sealing element arranged on a motor vehicle;

detecting a second status signal indicating that the vehicle door has been opened and closed; and
raising the one of the window panes until the one of the window panes rests within the sealing element,
wherein the one of the window panes is closest to the seat belt buckle such that only the one of the window panes closest
to the seat belt buckle is lowered.

US Pat. No. 9,555,708

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE DISPLAY OF INFORMATION ON A DISPLAY AREA

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for controlling display of information on a display surface, the information being structured hierarchically in
objects, comprising:
displaying an object and a path that leads to the object in the hierarchical structure;
dividing the path into individual path elements, the path elements belonging to different hierarchy levels of the path leading
to the object, and the path elements being selectable buttons; and

when a path element is selected, changing the information display to the hierarchy level of the selected path element;
wherein graphic symbols are respectively displayed in the path elements for visualizing the hierarchy level of the path element.

US Pat. No. 9,500,496

APPARATUS, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR SPATIALLY REPRESENTING A DIGITAL MAP SECTION

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A navigation apparatus for the spatial representation of a digital map detail around a geographical position on the earth's
surface on the basis of digital geodata, wherein the digital geodata have height information, having the following features:
a first input interface for the digital geodata;
a second input interface for coordinates of the geographical position;
a third input interface for a perspective stipulation variable that corresponds to a height above the earth's surface that
can be used to set a viewing angle between a desired viewing direction and the earth's surface;

a processor module coupled to the first, second and third input interfaces and customized, on the basis of the perspective
stipulation variable and the geographical position, to ascertain a coordinate transformation for the geodata that corresponds
to the desired viewing angle and, to associate different visual perception values for the geodata for different topological
height values, to obtain a visually differently perceptible projection for the geodata that corresponds to the height information;
and

an output interface, coupled with the processor module, for outputting output data that correspond to the visually differently
perceptible projection of the geodata that corresponds to the height information.

US Pat. No. 9,108,513

VIEWING DIRECTION AND ACOUSTIC COMMAND BASED OPERATING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operator control of a motor vehicle having a plurality of displays for displaying variable information and
having a microphone, comprising:
ascertaining a viewing direction of an operator of the motor vehicle;
determining whether the viewing direction of the operator is aimed toward one of the plurality of displays;
identifying toward which of the plurality of displays the viewing direction of the operator is aimed;
evaluating an output signal of the microphone to recognize acoustic commands;
choosing one of the plurality of displays for displaying information based on the viewing direction of the operator when an
acoustic command is given; and

displaying information assigned to the acoustic command on the chosen display.

US Pat. No. 9,688,288

GEOFENCING FOR AUTO DRIVE ROUTE PLANNING

Volkswagen AG et al., Wo...

1. A system of a semi-autonomous driving vehicle for transitioning from a semi-autonomous driving mode to a manual driving
mode, the system comprising:
a navigation system to determine a route to a destination;
a vehicle head unit to receive data that comprises information related to a geographic zone in which autonomous driving is
discouraged or prohibited along the determined route to the destination;

a processor to process the received data to determine if the semi-autonomous driving vehicle in autonomous driving mode is
approaching a geographic zone in which autonomous driving is discouraged or prohibited;

a means for notifying a driver which issues a notification to the driver of the semi-autonomous driving vehicle requesting
the driver to manually drive the semi-autonomous driving vehicle in response to a determination that the semi-autonomous driving
vehicle is approaching the geographic zone in which autonomous driving is discouraged or prohibited,

wherein the vehicle reengages autonomous driving mode after performing a minimal risk maneuver in response to a determination
that doing so does not create a specified level of risk and the semi-autonomous driving vehicle is not within a geographic
zone in which autonomous driving is discouraged or prohibited.

US Pat. No. 9,873,429

TURNED-WHEEL DETECTION FOR YIELDING DURING LOW-SPEED LANE CHANGES

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An automotive vehicle for operation on roadways, the automotive vehicle comprising:
a vehicle base including a chassis and a drive train coupled to the chassis to propel the chassis along the roadways, and
a vehicle control system for controlling operation of the vehicle on the roadways, the vehicle control system being mounted
to the vehicle base and in communication with the drive train and including wheel-turn detection means for detecting a wheel
angle of another vehicle to trigger the vehicle control system to perform an operation based on the detected wheel angle of
the another vehicle, wherein the operation of the vehicle control system comprises issuing an alert to a driver of the vehicle
and/or controlling operation of the vehicle to yield in response to determination that the another vehicle intends to change
lanes.

US Pat. No. 9,399,429

PREDICTIVE COCKPIT LIGHTING AND PERFORMANCE MODE VIA TOUCH

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for controlling electrical systems of a vehicle, comprising:
a sensor that detects a presence or an absence of a left hand of a driver on a steering wheel of the vehicle;
a sensor that detects a presence or an absence of a right hand of the driver on the steering wheel of the vehicle;
a controller that predicts one or more interactive control elements with which the driver will interact based on either a
detected absence of the driver left hand on the steering wheel or a detected absence of the driver right hand on the steering
wheel,

the controller selects, based on the prediction, the predicted one or more interactive control elements and
increases a brightness of lighting elements associated with the selected one or more interactive control elements.

US Pat. No. 9,340,119

ROOF MOUNTED VEHICLE ANTENNA STATE OF CHARGE INDICATOR APPARATUS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An indicator apparatus for indicating a status of an electric vehicle, the indicator apparatus comprising:
an indicator plate between a roof and a vehicle-integrated rooftop antenna of the electric vehicle, the indicator plate including:
a first end attached to the roof;
a second end opposite the first end and attached to the vehicle-integrated rooftop antenna; and
indication means for providing an indication of a status of a battery of the electric vehicle by illuminating a portion of
the indicator plate based on the status of the battery, wherein the indication is visible from outside the electric vehicle,
and wherein the indicator apparatus further comprises a power port coupled to the electric vehicle for receiving power from
the electric vehicle to the illuminated portion of the indicator plate, and wherein the illuminated portion is illuminated
based on vehicle diagnostic data received from the electric vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,216,706

NETWORK AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A NETWORK

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A network in a motor vehicle, wherein the network comprises;
a central subscriber; and
at least one first subscriber,
wherein the central subscriber and the at least one first subscriber are connected by at least one first cable,
wherein the central subscriber comprises at least one signal coupling unit and at least one energy coupling unit,
wherein the signal coupling unit is used to impress or to tap off an AC voltage onto or from at least one first line of the
first cable,

wherein the energy coupling unit is used to impress a first DC voltage at a first predetermined voltage level onto the first
line of the first cable and a further DC voltage at a further predetermined voltage level onto a second line of the first
cable,

wherein the at least one first subscriber comprises at least one signal coupling unit and at least one energy coupling unit,
wherein the signal coupling unit is used to tap off or to impress an AC voltage from or onto the at least one first line of
the first cable,

wherein the energy coupling unit is used to tap off the first DC voltage from the first line of the first cable and the further
DC voltage from the second line of the first cable,

wherein the first DC voltage is a first operating voltage for the first subscriber or is transformed into the first operating
voltage for the first subscriber,

wherein the first operating voltage is applied to at least one first input of the first subscriber,
wherein the further DC voltage is a further operating voltage for the first subscriber or is transformed into the further
operating voltage,

wherein the further operating voltage can be applied to the first input or to a further input of the first subscriber, and
wherein the first predetermined voltage level of the first DC voltage is different than the further predetermined voltage
level of the further DC voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,168,861

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A HEADLAMP SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE, AND HEADLAMP SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A computer-implemented method for controlling a headlamp system for a vehicle, the headlamp system having two headlamps
set apart from each other, comprising:
detecting, by a sensor, road users in front of the vehicle in a driving direction;
producing, by at least one of the two headlamps, a first total light pattern having an illumination range on a first side
of a center axis is greater than on a second side of this center axis, and a second total light pattern having an illumination
range in a direction of at least one detected road user that is less than a distance to the detected road user and an illumination
range in another direction that is greater than the distance to the detected road user; and

during a switch from the first total light pattern to the second total light pattern, reducing the illumination range of at
least one headlamp on the first side of the center axis to at least such an extent that it is less than the distance to the
detected road user, the second total light pattern being produced subsequently;

wherein in the second total light pattern, a center region having a lower illumination range is formed in the direction of
the detected road user, and side regions, which have a greater illumination range, are formed on both sides adjacent to the
center region; and

wherein in the second total light pattern, the side regions each form a vertical light-dark cutoff to the center region.

US Pat. No. 9,164,574

SWITCHING A CONTROL DEVICE IN A VEHICLE NETWORK TO SLEEP MODE WHEN VELOCITY IS ABOVE A THRESHOLD AND SWITCHING TO AN OPERATING MODE AFTER A NUMBER OF RECEIVED MESSAGES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A control device for a vehicle network that includes at least one bus system, the control device comprising:
a microprocessor;
a transceiver; and
a module that detects network messages that include vehicle velocity data, the network messages being transmitted on at least
one bus system, the module controlling at least one of switching on or off of a sleep mode for the control device based on
content of the detected network messages,

wherein the content indicates a previously defined state or event during the operation of the motor vehicle,
wherein the control device is switched off or into a sleep mode based on detection of the previously defined state or event
during the operation of the motor vehicle, and

wherein the previously defined state is the vehicle velocity V, wherein if V>Vlimit, the control device is switched off or switched into the sleep mode

wherein the module comprises at least one counter (C), wherein an operating mode is switched over if the counter (C) reaches
a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 9,805,527

INTELLIGENT LOGGING

Volkswagen AG, (DE) Audi...

1. An on-board computer system for logging sensor data for an autonomous vehicle, the on-board computer system comprising:
a plurality of sensors for monitoring sensor data regarding operation of the autonomous vehicle and an environment in which
the autonomous vehicle is present;

a processor for analyzing the sensor data; and
a first memory in which the monitored data is stored to log the sensor data received from the plurality of sensors of the
autonomous vehicle,

wherein the processor assesses criticality of a current situation for the autonomous vehicle by analyzing the sensor data
and determines processing capability of the processor based on the assessment of criticality of the current situation, and

wherein the processor determines whether to log sensor data in the first memory or to, instead, hold sensor data in a second
memory until a future time to be determined, wherein the determination to store or hold is based on the determined criticality
of the current situation to reduce the load on processing capability of the processor, wherein the first memory is a hard
drive and the second memory is a RAM.

US Pat. No. 9,744,873

METHOD AND CONTROL DEVICE FOR CHARGING A BATTERY OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for charging a battery of a vehicle including at least one electric power train, the battery adapted to supply
electrical energy to the electric power train, comprising:
predicting, by a processing unit within the vehicle, an existing charging location for charging the battery after at least
one next trip of the vehicle, wherein the predicted existing charging location is based, at least in part, on traffic data
and load on a power grid;

transmitting, by a transmitter, the predicted existing charging location to the power grid;
receiving, at the processing unit, a plurality of energy rates from the power grid based on the transmitted predicted existing
charging location;

reserving, with the processing unit, the predicted existing charging location at a desired energy rate;
coupling the battery, by a plug-in connector, to the power grid at the predicted existing charging location; and
providing power to charge the battery by the plug-in connector at the reserved desired energy rate.

US Pat. No. 9,221,342

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING INFORMATION IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for displaying information in a vehicle cockpit, the method comprising:
controlling display of a display of a menu including a plurality of graphical objects on a display device positioned to be
viewed by a driver of the vehicle via a control apparatus so that the display device is in a first or a second display mode;

measuring a speed of the vehicle, and
displaying, in a first speed range, the plurality of graphical objects in the first display mode and displaying, in the second
speed range, the same plurality of graphical objects in the second display mode; wherein transition from one to the other
display mode prompts the control apparatus to actuate the display device to display the plurality of objects presented in
one display mode to move toward one another until the displayed plurality of objects combine in a central area, and subsequently
move away from one another in a direction of presentation positions in the other display mode,

wherein the movement of the plurality of graphical objects from the positions for presentation in one display mode toward
one another in the direction of the central area is different than the movement of the graphical objects subsequently away
from one another in the direction of the positions for presentation in the other display mode.

US Pat. No. 9,165,198

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING A VEHICLE DURING VEHICLE-TO-VEHICLE COMMUNICATION

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for identifying a first vehicle during vehicle-to-vehicle communication, comprising:
receiving vehicle data from the first vehicle the vehicle data comprising information which relates to an optical property
of the first vehicle which can be detected from outside the first vehicle, the optical property comprising a reflection value
relating to a reflectance of an outer surface of the first vehicle, the vehicle data being received at a receiving device
of a second vehicle;

acquiring environment data of the first vehicle using an environment sensor of the second vehicle; and
identifying the first vehicle with a computing device of the second vehicle, which is coupled to the receiving device and
to the environment sensor, using the vehicle data and the environment data, the first vehicle being identified by checking
the optical property by a checking device of the second vehicle using the environment data.

US Pat. No. 9,807,566

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ADJUSTMENT OF AT LEAST ONE PARAMETER OF A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

1. A method for adapting at least one parameter of a communication system between two subscribers, wherein at least one of
the two subscribers is mobile, the method comprising:
determining a current position of the mobile subscriber at a time t0,

estimating a channel quality for a future time t1, t2 based on the current position using an environmental model;

changing at least one parameter at the future time t1, t2 based on the estimation;

determining speed of the at least one mobile subscriber;
determining a motion vector using the current position and the speed; and
using the motion vector to estimate a position of the mobile subscriber at the time t1 of the parameter change,

wherein, to determine the channel quality, a position and a motion vector of further mobile subscribers within a communication
range between the two subscribers are additionally taken into account.

US Pat. No. 9,632,495

METHOD FOR SETTING UP AND/OR UPDATING THE PROGRAMMING OF A CONTROL UNIT OF A TRANSPORTATION DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for setting up and/or updating a functional software programming of a second control unit of a transportation
device, the method comprising:
setting up a first control unit of the transportation device in a first functional scope for setting up and/or updating the
functional software programming of a second control unit of the transportation device with the aid of an external data processing
system or an external data memory;

setting up or updating the functional software programming of the second control unit by the first control unit; and
setting up the first control unit for a second functional scope.

US Pat. No. 9,493,121

SWITCHABLE REARVIEW MIRROR

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An adjustable minor for use in a passenger vehicle, the adjustable mirror comprising:
a housing adapted to be coupled to a vehicle windshield;
a reflective surface in the housing to enable a user to view a rear view of the vehicle; and
means for changing an opacity of the reflective surface between an opaque state wherein a user can view the rear view of the
vehicle and a transparent state wherein the reflective surface becomes transparent such that the user can view objects positioned
on an opposite side of the reflective surface from the user through the transparent reflective surface such that the user
can view objects that would otherwise be blocked from view by the reflective surface while in the opaque state,

wherein the means for changing opacity includes:
an aperture formed through the housing and positioned to extend between a front side of the housing facing the user and a
rear side of the housing facing the windshield; and

an opacity adjuster coupled to the housing between the reflective surface and the vehicle windshield.

US Pat. No. 9,470,537

ACCURATE POSITION DETERMINATION NEAR EXIT LANES

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for determining whether a vehicle in an autonomous driving mode has moved off of a main roadway and
into an exit lane, the system comprising:
an a navigation unit for determining that an exit is approaching on a side of the main roadway;
a camera for obtaining image data regarding lane markings and exit signs in response to a determination by the navigation
unit that the exit is approaching;

an image processor for identifying a predetermined pattern among the lane markings and for determining a side of the vehicle
on which the predetermined pattern exists, wherein the predetermined patterns include a Y-shaped configuration of solid line
lane markings and a V-shaped configuration of solid line lane markings;

means for determining whether the vehicle has moved into the exit lane based on an assessment of the side of the main roadway
on which the exit is approaching and the side of the vehicle on which the predetermined pattern exists; and

means for verifying the determination by recognizing an exit sign and determining a side of the vehicle on which the exit
sign exists,

wherein the in-vehicle system issues a warning to a driver of the vehicle and disengages the autonomous driving mode in response
to a verified determination that the vehicle has moved into the exit lane.

US Pat. No. 9,662,978

METHOD FOR REPRODUCING INFORMATION IN A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND MOTOR VEHICLE DESIGNED TO CARRY OUT THE METHOD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for reproducing items of information in a motor vehicle, comprising:
associating classes of information with the items of information, wherein a respective class of information is associated
with one of driver-relevant information, passenger-relevant information and information of general interest, and

reproducing the items of information on a ribbon-shaped base display formed as a liquid crystal display located at a base
of a windshield of the motor vehicle,

wherein a sub-area of the base display is assigned to a respective class of information and the items of information are reproduced
in the sub-area that corresponds to the class of information associated with the items of information to be displayed,

wherein the driver-relevant information is displayed in the sub-area of the base display facing a driver seat,
wherein the passenger-relevant information is displayed in the sub-area of the base display facing a passenger seat, and
wherein the information of general interest is displayed in the sub-area of the base display that is located between the sub-area
of the base display facing a driver seat and the sub-area of the base display facing a passenger seat.

US Pat. No. 9,594,610

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING MULTIMODAL INPUT SIGNALS

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method in a merging unit of a system for processing multimodal input signals, the method comprising:
receiving instruction messages each indicating an instruction to be executed by an application to be coupled to the merging
unit;

generating a candidate object for the instruction message for at least two of the instruction messages, the candidate object
indicating the instruction and comprising a validity time specification of the candidate object;

merging two of the candidate objects in response to the validity time specifications of these candidate objects indicate overlapping
validity times; and

forwarding an instruction to the application, which instruction is indicated by a candidate object which results from the
merging operation, wherein the candidate objects result from the merging operation unchanged in response to the instructions
indicated by the respective candidate objects not competing;

receiving a first instruction message from a first sensor data evaluation device, the first instruction message indicating
a first instruction which can be executed by an application which can be coupled to the merging unit;

generating a first candidate object for the first instruction message, the first candidate object indicating the first instruction
and comprising a validity time specification of the first candidate object and a weighting of the first candidate object;

receiving a second instruction message from a second sensor data evaluation device, the second instruction message indicating
a second instruction to be executed by an application which can be coupled to the merging unit;

generating a second candidate object for the second instruction message, the second candidate object indicating the second
instruction and comprising a validity time specification of the second candidate object and a weighting of the second candidate
object; and

merging the first candidate object with the second candidate object based on the weighting of the first candidate object and
the weighting of the second candidate object in response to the validity time specification of the first candidate object
indicates a first validity time which overlaps a second validity time indicated by the validity time specification of the
second candidate object and in response to the first instruction competes with the second instruction.

US Pat. No. 9,440,553

ENERGY MANAGEMENT METHOD FOR A VEHICLE AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT DEVICE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An energy management method for a vehicle which comprises an energy store and a plurality of consumers, the method comprising:
detecting the energy reserve in the energy store and calculating a predicted actual range of the vehicle;
generating and displaying a graphic object which visualizes the predicted actual range;
detecting a user input with which a setpoint range is set in that the graphic object is changed by an input device;
calculating a difference between the setpoint range and the predicted actual range;
calculating changes in state of at least one subset of the consumers based on the difference between the setpoint range and
the predicted actual range so that the setpoint range is achieved; and

outputting the calculated changes in state as a proposal,
wherein the predicted actual range is determined based on data relating to a route of the vehicle having route sections on
which energy consumption is relatively high or energy consumption is relatively low.

US Pat. No. 9,417,087

INTERACTIVE 3D NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A vehicle navigation system for previewing turns for a user, the system comprising:
a processor and a non-transitory data storage on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, causes
the vehicle navigation system to:

obtain a route between an origin and a destination, wherein the route includes a plurality of turns and instructions for the
user at each of the plurality of turns; and

select one of the turns to preview for the user; and
means for selecting locations, vantages, and timing for a three-dimensional animated preview of a locale of the selected turn
and for retrieving the three-dimensional animated preview, wherein the three-dimensional animated preview simulates how the
locale will appear while the instructions for the selected turn are followed; and

a display for displaying the three-dimensional animated preview to the user,
wherein the means for selecting vantages are configured to select vantages that avoid viewing obstructions for a user to view
the simulated three-dimensional animated turn preview.

US Pat. No. 9,272,733

METHOD FOR PARKING A VEHICLE AND CORRESPONDING PARKING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for parking a vehicle using a parking assistance system, comprising:
monitoring, via a parking assistance system during a parking space entering process, whether the vehicle is located at an
end of a current maneuver of the parking space entering process; and

generating, via the parking assistance system during the parking space entering process, a braking request for the driver
of the vehicle to activate a brake of the vehicle if the monitoring detects that the vehicle is located at the end of the
current maneuver of the parking space entering process, wherein the braking request is generated for a time period which is
dependent on

(i) a point in time at which a gear speed change of the vehicle takes place during the parking space entering process, and
(ii) a ratio of (a) a difference between a target steering angle and an actual steering angle, and (b) a speed of change of
the steering angle during the parking space entering process.

US Pat. No. 9,069,428

METHOD FOR THE OPERATOR CONTROL OF A MATRIX TOUCHSCREEN

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a capacitive, matrix touch screen, for use in a motor vehicle, wherein touching the matrix touch
screen in the region of a matrix element prompts a signal level associated with the matrix element to be produced, the method
comprising:
modifying the signal level associated with the matrix element which is produced when the matrix touch screen is touched in
the region of the matrix element such that the signal level

is increased when this signal level exceeds an upper signal level limit value;
is decreased when this signal level is below a lower signal level limit value;
is scaled when this signal level is below the upper signal level limit but exceeds the lower signal level limit value,
wherein the modified signal levels of two adjacent matrix elements are taken as a basis for determining whether the two matrix
elements have been touched as part of a joint two-dimensional touch of the matrix touch screen.

US Pat. No. 9,663,036

FRAMELESS MIRROR AND ASSOCIATED INSTALLATION METHOD

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for installing a frameless mirror, comprising:
positioning a mirror glass on a carrier plate against a stop formed by a border of the carrier plate;
gluing the mirror glass on the carrier plate; and
separating the border from the carrier plate via a predetermined breaking point of the border, wherein the border has a C-shaped
configuration to circumferentially surround the mirror glass, said C-shaped border having a section of reduced diameter which
forms the predetermined breaking point.

US Pat. No. 9,632,970

DEVICE, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR OPERATING A DATA BUS SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An apparatus for operating a data bus system of a motor vehicle, wherein the data bus system has a plurality of data bus
segments that change from an awake state to an idle state and vice versa, the apparatus comprising:
a device that determines a communication requirement of a first controller of a first data bus segment in the idle state;
a wake-up device that wakes up the first data bus segment from the idle state to the awake state in response to a determination
of a communication requirement of the first controller, and

a device for switching data bus segments which are in the awake state back to the idle state,
wherein the wake-up device also simultaneously wakes up all further data bus segments of the plurality of data bus segments
in the idle state other than the first data bus segment in response to determination of a communication requirement of the
first controller with a second controller outside the first data bus segment, so that all of the plurality of data bus segments
of the data bus system are in the awake state, and

wherein the device for switching to the idle state switches a data bus segment to the idle state only when a specific other
data bus segment has already been moved to the idle state in advance.

US Pat. No. 9,505,435

METHOD FOR PULLING A VEHICLE INTO OR OUT OF A PARKING SPACE AND CORRESPONDING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for assisting driving of a vehicle into or out of a parking space using an assistance system, the method comprising:
the assistance system determining dimensions of a parking space in which the vehicle is located or in which the vehicle will
be parked;

sensing when an obstacle is present by the assistance system;
sensing a distance between the vehicle and the sensed obstacle;
setting a threshold value after the distance has been sensed, and
generating an indication while entering or exiting the parking space only when a current sensed distance between the vehicle
and the sensed obstacle is below the threshold value,

wherein the threshold value is set as a function of dimensions of the vehicle and dimensions of the parking space following
beginning of a first maneuver of a process for entering the parking space or for exiting the parking space;

wherein the threshold value is set as a function of the dimensions of the vehicle and of the dimensions of the parking space
when driving into a parking space when the following conditions are met:

the parking space which is sufficiently large for the vehicle to be semi-automatically driven into has been measured;
the assistance system is activated;
a reverse gear speed of the vehicle is engaged; and
a steering intervention of the assistance system into a steering system of the vehicle is active.

US Pat. No. 9,464,909

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLUSTERING POINTS OF INTEREST IN A NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A navigation system, comprising:
a processor;
a sensor, operatively coupled to the processor, the sensor being configured to determine a location of the navigation system;
and

a navigation input module, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the navigation input module is configured to receive
destination data specifying a destination and a plurality of point-of-interest (PPOI) data specifying a plurality of different
types of points-of-interest from a user, wherein the navigation input module is further configured to receive a POI search
area value defining an area of search for the PPOI data from potential route segments;

wherein the processor utilizes the POI search area value to search a plurality of areas along the potential route segments
to identify PPOI that are in closest proximity to the destination based on the PPOI data that are in closest proximity to
the destination,

and wherein the processor is further configured to cluster the identified PPOI data for simultaneous presentation on a navigational
map.

US Pat. No. 9,442,527

DOCKING AND UNDOCKING MECHANISM FOR REMOTE DEVICES

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A system for securing a remote device, comprising:
a docking body comprising:
a docking cavity, said docking cavity comprising a docking recess configured to receive a body of the remote device;
an access cavity, positioned within the docking cavity, wherein the access cavity comprises an access recess that partially
overlaps an area in the docking recess configured to receive the body of the remote device;

communications, configured to receive a control signal based on a sensed condition, wherein the sensed condition comprises
at least one of (i) a proximity of a user's hand to the docking body, and (ii) an operating parameter of a vehicle, and wherein
the control signal is dependent upon the sensed condition meeting or exceeding a predetermined parameter; and

coupling means for magnetically coupling the body of the remote device to at least a portion of the docking body, wherein
the coupling means modifies the strength of the magnetic coupling based on the control signal, and wherein the docking body
and the coupling means are configured to allow at least one of an oblique insertion and oblique removal of the body of the
remote device.

US Pat. No. 9,188,450

METHOD FOR PROVIDING AN OPERATING DEVICE IN A VEHICLE, AND OPERATING DEVICE FOR A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for providing an operating device in a vehicle, the method comprising:
generating, in a control device, graphics data, which control a display area in such a manner that a graphical object containing
a presentation of at least part of the Earths surface is displayed;

subdividing the presentation of the displayed part of the Earth's surface into geographical areas in different time zones;
detecting the position of an actuating object in front of or on the display area;
selecting and displaying, in highlighted form, a geographical area which belongs to a single time zone depending on the detected
position of the actuating object relative to the displayed geographical areas in different time zones in the presentation
of the graphical object; and

associating the time zone of the selected geographical area with at least one timer of the vehicle,
wherein a geographical area is selected and presented in highlighted form in response to the actuating object touching a touch-sensitive
surface of the display area in the region in which the geographical area is displayed. and the selected geographical area
is not vet associated with the timer as long as the actuating object is touching the touch-sensitive surface of the display
area.

US Pat. No. 9,145,055

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PRESENTING INFORMATION TO AN AUTOMOBILE DRIVER

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An apparatus for displaying ambient information in a vehicle comprising:
a dial including a first physical dial hand and a second physical dial hand configured to rotate around a common axis, the
first physical dial hand comprising an hour hand and the second physical dial hand comprising a minute hand;

a motor driver configured to drive a first motor mechanically connected to the first physical dial hand and second motor mechanically
connected to the second physical dial hand;

a layer of translucent material forming a face of the dial;
an ambient light source with a variable light intensity and a variable light color,
wherein the ambient light source is positioned behind the layer of translucent material;
an ambient light source driver;
a radio receiver;
a first data source comprising a real-time clock providing hour and minute information and a communication interface for receiving
data from a second data source remote from the apparatus via the radio receiver;

a controller including a processor, the processor communicatively couple to the radio receiver, the motor driver, the first
data source, the communication interface, the ambient light source driver, and the first dial hand, the controller configured
to:

receive a selection between a first mode of operation and a second mode of operation;
in the first mode of operation, communicate control signals to the motor driver to control the position of the first and second
physical dial hands according to the real-time clock to indicate the current hour and minute; and

in the second mode of operation, receive dynamically changing data from the remote second data source via the communication
interface, and based on the dynamically changing data received from the second data source over time, both (a) communicating
motor control signals to the motor to dynamically control the position of at least the first physical dial hand and (b) communicating
light control signals to the ambient light source driver to dynamically control at least one of the variable light intensity
or the variable light color of the ambient light source aver time based on the dynamically changing data received from the
second data source over time.

US Pat. No. 9,649,938

METHOD FOR SYNCHRONIZING DISPLAY DEVICES IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for synchronizing in a motor vehicle, comprising:
detecting, using an optical sensor device and 3D image data, an operating gesture of a user which comprises a movement of
a body part of the user, carried out freely in a space;

generating a gesture signal describing the operating gesture and transmitting the gesture signal to a gesture detection device;
identifying the operating gesture at the gesture detection device;
identifying an origin display device of the motor vehicle and a target display device of the motor vehicle, the origin display
device and the target display device being identified at the gesture detection device using the gesture signal;

identifying a first origin data record selected by the operating gesture, the first origin data record being identified at
the gesture detection device, the first origin data record being one of a plurality of origin data records simultaneously
displayed by the origin display device, the first origin data record comprising a first display content relating to a first
predetermined thematic context;

receiving a control signal at a control device, the control signal being received from the gesture detection device, the control
signal describing the first origin data record;

determining the first predetermined thematic context of the first origin data record based on the control signal, the first
predetermined thematic context being determined at the control device;

determining a further data record based on the first predetermined thematic context, the further data record having a second
display content for the first predetermined thematic context; and

displaying the further data record on the target display device so as to synchronize the origin display device and the target
display device,

wherein
a second origin data record among the plurality of origin data records comprises a third display content relating to a second
predetermined thematic context,

the first predetermined thematic context is common to the first origin data record and the further data record and includes
information on a first vehicle system relating to operation of the motor vehicle, and

the second predetermined thematic context is common to the second origin data record and another data record having a fourth
display content for the second predetermined thematic context, and includes information on a second vehicle system relating
to operation of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,618,354

NAVIGATION METHODS AND DEVICES USING USER-SPECIFIC LANDMARK TYPES

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method, comprising:
providing a map database;
providing a landmark database;
providing at least one landmark type;
responsive to a user selection of one of the landmark types, classifying the selected landmark type as a user-specific landmark
type;

attributing a score for each of the landmark types based on a number of times the user has visited a landmark of the landmark
type, wherein an increase in the number of times that the user has visited the landmark corresponds to an increase in the
score;

for each of the landmark types that reaches a pre-determined threshold score, classifying the landmark type as another user-specific
landmark type;

using a global positioning system to determine retrieving a current location of a navigation system; and
using a global positioning system to determine a current location of a navigation system;
retrieving a desired destination of the user;
generating a route to the desired destination based on the retrieved current location and desired destination;
upon approaching a location on the route requiring the user to perform an action, determining navigation instructions for
the user at the location based on the map database, the landmark database, and at least one of the user-specific landmark
type; and

generating and outputting, to a display, the determined navigation instructions including the at least one user-specific landmark
type as a reference point.

US Pat. No. 9,550,500

METHOD FOR DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

14. A driver assistance system for a vehicle, the driver assistance system able to control the vehicle at least partially
automatically, the driver assistance system comprising:
an output device, and
a processing device, wherein the processing device is adapted to:
determine an end of an autopilot route section in a route planned for the vehicle, the driver assistance system controlling
the vehicle in the autopilot route section automatically and the automatic control ending at the end of the autopilot route
section,

determine a distance information between a current position of the vehicle and the end of the autopilot route section,
compare the distance information to a first threshold value,
output a first indication as a function of the comparison of the distance information to the first threshold value,
compare the distance information to a second threshold value, wherein the second threshold value is smaller than the first
threshold value, and

output a second indication as a function of the comparison of the distance information to the second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,442,619

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROVIDING A USER INTERFACE, IN PARTICULAR IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

17. A vehicle, comprising:
a device for providing a user interface in the vehicle, comprising:
an operator unit adapted to detect an input event, the operator unit having a plurality of operator positions;
an approach-detection device adapted to detect a manual operator action for the operator unit manually implemented by a control
element, wherein an approach trajectory of the control element toward the operator unit is detected during the manual operator
action;

at least one acceleration sensor adapted to detect an acceleration event of at least one reference system associated with
the control element or the operator unit during the manual operator action; and

a control unit, which is coupled to the operator unit, the approach-detection device, and the at least one acceleration sensor,
and which is adapted, when an input event at an input location corresponding to a particular operator position is detected,
to calculate a corrected input location corresponding to an intended operator position based on the detected approach trajectory
and the detected acceleration event, wherein the calculation of the corrected input location includes one of (i) taking into
consideration an oscillation and damping behavior of the at least one reference system subjected to the detected acceleration
event and, and (ii) in the case the input event is detected while the detected acceleration is ongoing, extrapolating a portion
of the detected approach trajectory occurring prior to the detected acceleration event, and to generate a control signal associated
with the corrected input location corresponding to the intended operator position.

US Pat. No. 9,239,087

BRAKE COVER PLATE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An assembly for a vehicle comprising:
a wheel carrier;
a wheel bearing that includes a wheel hub, which is rotatably mounted via a rolling bearing arrangement, wherein the rolling
bearing arrangement includes outer raceways formed in the wheel hub and inner raceways in an axle journal supported by a shoulder
of the wheel carrier, wherein the rolling bearing arrangement includes a bearing seal provided toward a side of another component,
wherein the bearing seal points toward a fastening flange of a vehicle brake disk;

a brake cover plate for the vehicle brake disk; and
a dish shaped portion that covers the vehicle brake disk, wherein, on a side of the dish shaped portion pointing toward the
vehicle brake disk, there is formed an annular elevation, the annular elevation being spaced apart from an outer edge of the
brake cover plate and providing a wheel bearing pre-seal,

wherein the brake cover plate forms, radially within the annular elevation, the fastening flange that fixes the brake cover
plate to the another component, and

wherein the annular elevation is formed by an annular projection formed on the brake cover plate, wherein a radially outer
flank of the annular projection merges into a portion that covers the brake disk and a radially inner flank of the annular
projection merges into the fastening flange.

US Pat. No. 9,194,521

PLUG-IN CONNECTOR

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A plug-in coupling for releasably connecting two lines, the coupling comprising:
a first coupling member and a carrier element to be fastened to said first coupling member;
a second coupling member having a latching mating element;
a latching element disposed on said carrier element and having at least one latching arm;
said latching arm, in a latching position, holding said second coupling member at said latching mating element;
said latching element being mounted for displacement in an axial direction relative to said carrier element, while said latching
arm is in the latching position, for taking up at least one latching arm securing position and a latching arm release position;
and

an operating element disposed on said carrier element and configured for enabling a disconnection between the two lines;
said operating element, upon an actuation thereof while said latching element is in the latching arm release position, shifting
said latching arm into a separating position, and, upon an actuation thereof while said latching element is in the latching
arm securing position, holding said latching element in the latching arm securing position.

US Pat. No. 9,803,993

INTERACTIVE 3D NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, (DE) Audi...

1. A vehicle navigation system for previewing vehicle turns for a user, the system comprising:
a processor and a non-transitory data storage on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, causes
the vehicle navigation system to:

obtain a vehicle route between an origin and a destination, wherein the vehicle route includes a plurality of vehicle turns
and instructions for the user at each of the plurality of vehicle turns;

select one of the vehicle turns to preview for the user;
select locations, vantages, and timing for a three-dimensional animated turn preview of a locale of the selected turn and
retrieve the three-dimensional animated turn preview, wherein the three-dimensional animated turn preview simulates how the
locale would appear while the instructions for the selected vehicle turn were followed by the user in the vehicle; and

a display for displaying the three-dimensional animated turn preview to the user,
wherein the vehicle navigation system selects timing for the three-dimensional animated turn preview by determining a speed
for portions of the three-dimensional animated turn preview.

US Pat. No. 9,694,681

DEVICE FOR AUTOMATICALLY DRIVING A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A device for a vehicle designed for at least partially automatic driving, the device comprises comprising:
at least one sensor;
a controller; and
a display,
wherein the at least one sensor senses multiple items of information,
wherein the device senses an automatic driving state in which the vehicle is driving automatically and in the automatic driving
state shows simultaneously on the display multiple conditions that have to be met to maintain the automatic driving state,
together with an item of information as to whether the respective condition is satisfied, and

wherein the device determines, dependent on the multiple items of information, whether the conditions are met.

US Pat. No. 9,630,556

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR WARNING AGAINST CROSS TRAFFIC WHEN LEAVING A PARKING SPACE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for warning a driver of a motor vehicle against cross traffic when leaving a parking space, the motor vehicle
having, at least in a region of rear vehicle corners, long-range sensors for detecting possible cross traffic and lateral
short-range sensors for detecting a nearby vehicle environment, the method comprising:
measuring a nearby lateral environment of the motor vehicle using the short-range sensors to generate a short range-detection
when the motor vehicle is leaving the parking space;

entering measurements of the nearby lateral environment into an environment map;
detecting possible cross traffic using the long-range sensors; and
generating a warning in response to at least one of the long-range sensors detecting cross traffic,
using the environmental map to determine whether the long-range sensors have a clear view of the cross traffic, and generating
an indication for the driver in response to one or both long-range sensor(s) not having the clear view of the cross traffic.

US Pat. No. 9,630,568

CAMERA SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A camera system for acquiring a stereo image of the surroundings of a motor vehicle comprising two cameras and a control
device arranged on the inside of a motor vehicle window,
wherein the two cameras look outward through the motor vehicle window to observe the motor vehicle surroundings, each camera
having a camera-specific camera viewing cone which forms a penetrating cut surface with the window surface,

wherein the camera viewing cone of each camera is delimited by a physically masked out portion of the penetrating cut surface
of the motor vehicle window, the physically masked out portions of the two penetrating cut surfaces are symmetric relative
to the vertical plane of symmetry of the two cameras, and erroneous information caused by the physically masked out portion,
in an image of one camera viewing cone is compensated for in the control device by image information, symmetrical thereto,
of the other camera viewing cone,

wherein the physically masked out portion of a penetrating cut surface is formed by a cutting curve, which runs in an interior
of the penetrating cut surface and forms two intersection points with a contour of the penetrating cut surface.

US Pat. No. 9,420,458

METHOD FOR THE USE OF A MOBILE APPLIANCE USING A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for the use of a mobile appliance that is not associated with a motor vehicle but uses a motor vehicle, the method
comprising:
storing a program to be executed on the mobile appliance and a public key certificate associated with the program in the mobile
appliance, wherein the public key certificate has been issued by a certification server, wherein the public key certificate
associates a public key with an identity and a scope of the public key and the public key certificate includes the public
key itself;

transmitting the public key of the public key certificate from the mobile appliance to the motor vehicle via a communication
link;

verifying the public key in the motor vehicle using a private key which is stored in the motor vehicle; and
only if verification is successful:
using the communication link to perform a handshake between the mobile appliance and the motor vehicle,
presenting information associated with the program executed on the mobile appliance using a display in the motor vehicle,
and

controlling use of the program executed on the mobile appliance using a user arrangement included in the motor vehicle and
associated with the motor vehicle display, wherein the user arrangement is configured to be used to actuate vehicle specific
functions, wherein the method results in control of the functionality of the program executed on the mobile appliance, and
display of data associated with the program executed on the mobile appliance on the motor vehicle display,

detecting when the data associated with the program executed on the mobile appliance is being presented using the motor vehicle
display;

when it is determined that the data associated with the program executed on the mobile appliance is being presented using
the motor vehicle display, interpreting user input received via the user arrangement included in the motor vehicle as a command
to control the program executed on the mobile appliance rather than a command to actuate vehicle specific functions; and

transferring the command to the program executed on the mobile appliance to control the program.

US Pat. No. 9,381,772

RIM, VEHICLE WHEEL, AND VEHICLE WITH SUCH A RIM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A rim onto which a vehicle tire is pulled, the rim comprising:
a rim well on which at least one device for absorbing sound in the manner of a Helmholtz resonator with an at least partially
annular air volume and at least one opening to the tire interior is arranged, and

said air volume of the Helmholtz resonator is formed by the rim well by radially oriented and at least partially circumferential
wall and/or web elements, which are arranged spaced apart from one another on the rim well as viewed in the axial direction
of the rim, and

by a cover element or by a cover element and transverse walls, which delimit the air volume in the circumferential direction,
wherein the cover element is connected to the wall and/or web elements in a positively locking manner and in an airtight manner,
wherein the cover element is connected in an airtight manner to the wall and/or web elements and/or the rim well by at least
one sealing element.

US Pat. No. 10,086,697

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR FATIGUE DETECTION

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for detecting driver fatigue in a vehicle including a memory device in which a predetermined fatigue model is stored, a position detector configured to detect a geographical location of the vehicle on a map, a sensor configured to detect at least one activity of a driver, and a sensor located in a cluster instrument, configured to detect ambient brightness comprising:analyzing activity information in the fatigue model, wherein the fatigue model is independent of a biorhythm model;
determining a relative position of the sun based on a latitudinal coordinate of the detected geographical location; and
weighting the predetermined model in accordance with the detected ambient brightness and in accordance with a known brightness based on the determined relative position of the sun.

US Pat. No. 9,881,482

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING INFORMATION OF A SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for displaying information of a system with at least one control unit and a display unit, the method comprising:
displaying on the display unit at least one item of information about a state of the system;
detecting with the at least one control unit, a mobile terminal device in a predetermined range of the system;
establishing a communication channel between the at least one control unit and the mobile terminal device;
using the communication channel, transmitting the at least one item of information to the mobile terminal device;
displaying the at least one item of information on a display of the mobile terminal device; and
displaying data of at least one driving environment sensor on the display unit of the mobile terminal device;
wherein the display of the mobile terminal device is divided into at least two areas and user data is displayed in a first
one of the at least two areas and the at least one item of information is displayed in a second one of the at least two areas;

wherein the system is a motor vehicle that has at least one mode for automatic driving; and
wherein the at least one driving environment sensor includes a camera assigned to the motor vehicle, the displaying on the
display unit includes displaying a live stream of data from the camera when the system is about to exit the automatic driving
mode and requests a driver of the motor vehicle to take over the motor vehicle, the live stream indicates a traffic situation
with respect to the motor vehicle, and the displaying of the live stream highlights relevant objects of the traffic situation
visually in the live stream.

US Pat. No. 9,804,764

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING INFORMATION ARRANGED IN LISTS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for displaying information, comprising:
displaying, on a display area, a portion of a list including a plurality of list entries divided into a plurality of classes,
wherein each class is associated with a letter, the displayed list entries being a part of a first class associated with a
first letter;

changing the displayed portion of the list by a first operator action of a user including selecting a list entry and steering
a movement of the selected list entry in a first direction;

consecutively running through the entries of the list by the first operator action; and
skipping multiple list entries by a second operator action including steering a movement of a list entry in a second direction
different from the first direction, to reach a first list entry of a second class associated with a second letter, wherein
the first list entry of the second class is displayed in the center of the display area;

wherein the first list entry of the second class is not included in the displayed portion of the list entries displayed while
performing the second operator action; and

wherein at least one operator action includes a movement on a touch-sensitive surface of an input device arranged on the display
area, the list entries of the portion of the list are displayed in a one-dimensional line on the display area, the first operator
action includes a movement on the touch-sensitive surface substantially in a direction of the one-dimensional line, and the
second operator action includes a movement on the touch-sensitive surface substantially in a direction perpendicular to the
one-dimensional line.

US Pat. No. 9,630,618

EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE WITHOUT ACTIVATED LATERAL GUIDANCE ASSISTANCE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for activating a vehicle driving state with reduced risk of consequences of collision in response to a driver
of the vehicle experiencing an emergency while driving the vehicle with non-activated lateral guidance assistance, wherein
the speed of the vehicle is higher than a speed limit, the method comprising:
detecting, via a hands-off device, a hands-off situation of the driver and outputting a hands-off warning in a hands-off phase;
carrying out a warning escalation in an escalation phase when there is no reaction detected in response to the hands-off warning;
and

reducing the speed of the vehicle in an intervention phase, via a longitudinal guidance device, to a speed which is lower
than the speed limit if there is no reaction in the escalation phase,

wherein, during the hands-off phase, the escalation phase and the intervention phase, lateral guidance is activated and applies
a steering torque which returns the vehicle to the lane when exiting of the vehicle from the current lane is detected.

US Pat. No. 9,499,052

METHOD FOR PROVIDING AN OPERATING DEVICE IN A VEHICLE AND OPERATING DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for controlling an apparatus in a vehicle, the method comprising:
producing, through a control apparatus, graphics data that actuate a display panel such that a graphical object associated
with an executed application is displayed on the display panel; and

sensing a geometric structure of an operating object positioned in a detection space located in front of the display panel,
wherein sensing of the geometric structure is a basis for producing a control signal for controlling the executed application;

wherein the control apparatus produces a control signal for stopping the executed application when sensed geometric structure
includes a planar face of the operating object in the detection space located in front of the display panel, the planar face
being oriented parallel to the display panel and arranged at a distance from the display panel;

Wherein the application relates to the reproduction of voice and/or music files, which involves the production of an audible
output via a loudspeaker and/or headphones, and a control signal is produced for (1) stopping the reproduction of the voice
and/or music file, or (2) muting the audible output via the loudspeaker and/or the headphones when a geometric structure that
has been sensed for the operating object in the detection space involves the planar face of the operating object, which face
is oriented parallel to the display panel and is positioned at a distance from the display panel.

US Pat. No. 9,478,133

MOTOR VEHICLE AND NAVIGATION ARRANGEMENT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:
a wireless Internet interface that receives a position, a suggested route of another motor vehicle, and a plurality of points
of interest selected by an operator of the another motor vehicle, wherein the suggested route of the another motor vehicle
is different from a route of the motor vehicle; and

a display device that simultaneously displays (a) the position and the suggested route of the another motor vehicle and (b)
the route of the motor vehicle in a map representation and displays the plurality of points of interest in the map representation,

wherein the suggested route is a route to a current or future destination.

US Pat. No. 9,322,916

ENVIRONMENT MONITORING DEVICE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR MONITORING THE ENVIRONMENT USING A CORRELATION

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An environment monitoring device in a motor vehicle, comprising:
a signal generating device for generating a transmitted signal;
at least one ultrasonic transducer for converting electric oscillations into acoustic oscillations and/or vice versa;
an evaluating device which evaluates a received signal to determine one or more distances from objects in an environment of
the motor vehicle, wherein the signal generating device is linked to the at least one ultrasonic transducer so that the ultrasonic
transducer radiates a transmitted ultrasonic signal into the environment in accordance with the electric transmitted signal
and the evaluating device is connected to the at least one ultrasonic transducer or at least one further ultrasonic transducer
which in each case convert a received echo signal into a received signal for the evaluating device,

wherein the at least one ultrasonic transducer and the at least one further ultrasonic transducer are in each case arranged
integrally on a side, facing away from the environment to be monitored of the motor vehicle, of a wall of a bumper, and the
emission of the transmitted ultrasonic signal into the environment and the reception of the echo signal from the environment
in each case takes place by locally causing the respective vehicle component to oscillate and the evaluating unit comprises
a correlation unit which forms a cross-correlation of the transmitted signal with the received signal and is also constructed
to determine the one or more distances from the object in the environment by the correlation signal calculated by the correlation
function during the correlation, and

wherein the transmitted signal comprises a pulse section and a temporally invariable constant section and the signal generating
device is constructed for deriving the pulse section from a time-limited section of a periodic oscillation signal.

US Pat. No. 9,283,829

PROCESS AND DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING DIFFERENT INFORMATION FOR DRIVER AND PASSENGER OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a user interface, the method comprising:
presenting at least one two-dimensional, graphical object on a display panel in a first presentation, which shows a first
side of the object, and in a second presentation, which shows a second side of the object, wherein different sides of the
object are used to present different information;

altering the presentation of the graphical object such that the graphical object is rotated from the first side to the second
side in a perspective presentation on the display panel when a first or a second control signal has been triggered;

wherein a direction of rotation of the graphical object about a center of rotation associated with the rotation is dependent
on the control signal that has been triggered, and

presenting different information on the second side based on whether the first or second control signal has been triggered
and a corresponding direction of rotation has occurred from the first side;

associating the information presented on the graphical object with a user menu,
wherein the first side is used to display basic functions and/or standard settings and the second side is used to display
user-specific functions and/or user-specific detail settings;

wherein first functions and/or first detail settings specific to a first user are displayed, and functions and/or detail settings
specific to a second user are not displayed, on the second side in response to triggering the first control signal; and

wherein second functions and/or second detail settings specific to the second user are displayed, and functions and/or detail
settings specific to the first user are not displayed, on the second side in response to triggering the second control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,074,007

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INFORMING A USER DURING APPROACH TO A DESTINATION

VOLKSWAGEN AG, (DE)

1. A method for informing a user of a transportation vehicle that the transportation vehicle is approaching a destination and a notification regarding one or more persons present at the approached destination, the method comprising:predefining the destination for the user based on the approached destination, wherein the destination has been input into a navigation system of the transportation vehicle;
monitoring a period of time up to an expected arrival at the approached destination;
automatically requesting identification of one or more persons present at the approached destination in response to the period of time up to the expected arrival at the approached destination being below a threshold level;
receiving the identification of the one or more persons present at the approached destination;
comparing the received identification with associated, stored, person-related data to generate social interaction recommendation data;
checking a current distance between the user and the approached destination; and
outputting a notification to the user with respect to the one or more persons located at the approached destination in response to the result of the comparison once the current distance to the approached destination is below a threshold level, wherein the notification includes at least person-related data for the identified one or more persons at the approached destination.

US Pat. No. 9,809,077

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPERATING A CUSHIONING SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

1. A method for operating a shock-absorber system with switching shock-absorber devices, wherein discretely selectable shock-absorber
characteristic curves are provided, the method comprising:
determining a driving behavior of the driver and/or of the motor vehicle based on one or more driving state data items and/or
one or more operating variables;

in automatic mode, automatically setting a shock-absorbing behavior of the shock-absorber system by selecting one of the selectable
shock-absorber characteristic curves of the shock-absorber devices as a function of the determined driving behavior;

wherein the driving behavior of the driver and/or of the motor vehicle is determined based on at least one of the following
data items of a driver assistance system: a requested deceleration which is set for an automatic cruise controller, a blind
spot detection, a seat occupation state, an engaged state of the trailer coupling, a characterizing data item relating to
music selected by the driver and data items relating to a distance lying ahead, and

wherein in response to a decision being made to change the shock-absorbing behavior in the automatic mode as a function of
the driving behavior of the driver and/or of the motor vehicle, the change in the shock-absorbing behavior is carried out
only in a chronologically limited fashion, and the original shock-absorbing behavior is assumed again after expiry of a predetermined
time period.

US Pat. No. 9,623,906

PARK-STEER ASSIST SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A PARK-STEER ASSIST SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A semi-automatic park-steer assist system of a motor vehicle for aiding in an alignment of the motor vehicle in a parking
space, comprising:
a device configured to detect an activation signal;
a device configured to determine a change direction in which an alignment of the motor vehicle is to be changed;
a control unit configured to control at least one actuator in an active state of the park-steer assist system to deflect steerable
wheels of the motor vehicle in the change direction when a set drive direction is forward and to deflect the steerable wheels
counter to the change direction when the set drive direction is reverse;

wherein the control unit includes an alignment-determination unit configured to compare an instantaneous alignment of the
motor vehicle with a setpoint alignment, and, if the instantaneous alignment corresponds to the setpoint alignment, to control
the actuator to move the steerable wheels into a substantially non-deflected center position.

US Pat. No. 9,591,480

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SECURE COMMUNICATION OF A COMPONENT OF A VEHICLE WITH AN EXTERNAL COMMUNICATION PARTNER VIA A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION LINK

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for secure communication of at least one of multiple components of a vehicle with at least one external communication
partner, wherein the secure communication is via a wireless communication link and each of the multiple components includes
at least one communication module for data exchange, comprising:
exchanging data packets between a transceiver device of the vehicle and an external transceiver station;
ascertaining a communication status of the wireless communication link, wherein the communication status includes a level
of security of the communication;

assigning a security level to individual components of the multiple components; and
as a function of the ascertained communication status of the wireless communication link, and the security level assigned
to the individual components of the multiple components, at least one of:

(a) enabling at least one of:
(i) data exchange between the at least one of the multiple components and others of the multiple components,
(ii) data exchange between the external communication partner and the others of the multiple components,
(iii) access of the at least one of the multiple components to the others of the multiple components, and
(iv) access of the external communication partner to the others of the multiple components; and
(b) disabling at least one of:
(i) data exchange between the at least one of the multiple components and the others of the multiple components,
(ii) data exchange between the external communication partner and the others of the multiple components,
(iii) access of the at least one of the multiple components to the others of the multiple components, and
(iv) access of the external communication partner to the others of the multiple components.

US Pat. No. 9,588,164

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING A HIGH-VOLTAGE ARRANGEMENT

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

1. A method for monitoring a high-voltage arrangement, the method comprising:
impressing a current onto a current loop, wherein the current loop runs through a multiplicity of elements, to be monitored,
of the high-voltage arrangement, wherein a change in a state of at least one of the elements to be monitored leads to an interruption
in the current loop;

sensing voltages at at least three points on the current loop;
detecting an interruption in the current loop as a function of the voltages;
interrupting a high-voltage supply of the high-voltage arrangement and discharging the high-voltage arrangement when an interruption
is detected; and

determining the location of the interruption as a function of the voltages,
wherein the sensing of voltages at at least three points on the current loop comprises sensing a first voltage at a start
of the current loop, and sensing a second voltage at an end of the current loop,

wherein the detection of the interruption is the current loop is performed only on the basis of the first voltage and the
second voltage, and

wherein the monitoring is performed using a monitoring apparatus which is arranged outside the high-voltage arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,475,390

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROVIDING A USER INTERFACE IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for providing a user interface in a vehicle, the method comprising:
simultaneously displaying a driver side display view and a passenger side display view on a same display surface arranged
in the vehicle, wherein the driver side display view is visible to a driver but shielded from a passenger by an optical barrier,
and the passenger side display view is visible to the passenger but shielded from the driver by the optical barrier, and wherein
the driver side display view and the passenger side display view include different display contents, such that different information
is simultaneously displayed to the driver and the passenger, the display contents comprising at least one of operating objects
and display objects;

detecting an object-related gesture in a detection space located in front of the display surface without using a contact sensor,
the detected object-related gesture being related to at least one of an operating object and a display object, and

identifying and executing a control command corresponding to the detected object-related gesture,
detecting a view-sharing gesture in the detection space without using a contact sensor,
detecting whether the driver or the passenger carries out the view-sharing gesture,
identifying and executing a view-sharing command corresponding to the detected view-sharing gesture, wherein executing the
view-sharing command comprises (a) when the view-sharing gesture is carried out by the passenger and comprises a horizontal
movement in the direction of the passenger side, causing the current display contents of the driver side display view to also
be displayed in the passenger side display view, such that the current display contents in the passenger side display view
are replaced by the current display contents in the driver side display view, and (b) when the view-sharing gesture is carried
out by the driver and comprises a horizontal movement in the direction of the driver side, causing the current display contents
of the passenger side display view to also be displayed in the driver side display view, such that the current display contents
in the driver side display view are replaced by the current display contents in the passenger side display view.

US Pat. No. 9,221,450

METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE WITH AN ELECTRIC DRIVE MACHINE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating a vehicle, wherein the vehicle comprises an electrical machine for driving the vehicle and comprises
a brake system, wherein the vehicle is designed to recover electrical energy from a movement of the vehicle by the electrical
machine, the method comprising:
determining a state of the brake system of the vehicle;
detecting an actuation operation of a brake pedal of the vehicle; and
adjusting a brake pressure of the brake system and an energy recovery operation by means of the electrical machine depending
on the state of the brake system and the actuation of the brake pedal,

wherein determining the state of the brake system comprises determining a degradation state of the brake system, wherein the
degradation state indicates degradation of a braking effect of the brake system due to corrosion or soiling of frictional
bodies of the brake system,

wherein adjusting the brake pressure of the brake system and the energy recovery by the electrical machine comprises:
increasing a ratio of brake pressure to energy recovery as degradation of the braking effect of the brake system increases.

US Pat. No. 9,805,594

METHOD, EVALUATION SYSTEM AND VEHICLE FOR PREDICTING AT LEAST ONE CONGESTION PARAMETER

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for predicting at least one congestion parameter, involving
detecting a traffic density with a detection unit of a cooperative vehicle;
detecting a current position (x) of the cooperative vehicle which is present during the detecting of the traffic density;
relaying of the traffic density and the current position (x) to an evaluation unit (60);

evaluating the traffic density with the evaluation unit considering a vehicle-specific quality factor; and
providing of at least one congestion parameter with the evaluation unit,
wherein historical data is considered in the evaluation of the traffic density, wherein a current time variation is compared
with historical time variations, and if there is a uniform deviation between the current and the historical data, a time variation
of a current situation is extrapolated by adding a constant value to the historical data.

US Pat. No. 9,442,543

NETWORK AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A NETWORK

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A network in a motor vehicle, the network comprising:
a central subscriber and at least one first subscriber,
wherein the central subscriber and the at least one first subscriber are connected by at least one first cable,
wherein the central subscriber comprises at least one signal coupling unit and at least one energy coupling unit,
wherein the at least one signal coupling unit impresses or taps off an AC voltage onto or from at least one first line of
the first cable,

wherein the at least one energy coupling unit impresses a DC voltage at a predetermined voltage level onto the at least one
first line of the first cable,

wherein the at least one first subscriber comprises at least one signal coupling unit and at least one energy coupling unit,
wherein the at least one signal coupling unit of the at least one first subscriber taps off or impresses an AC voltage from
or onto the at least one first line of the first cable,

wherein the at least one energy coupling unit of the at least one first subscriber taps off the DC voltage from the at least
one first line of the first cable,

wherein the DC voltage is a first operating voltage for the at least one first subscriber or is transformed into the first
operating voltage for the at least one first subscriber,

wherein the first operating voltage is applied to at least one first input of the at least one first subscriber,
wherein the at least one first subscriber comprises a signaling unit or the at least one first subscriber has an associated
signaling unit,

wherein the signaling unit can be used to produce a requirement signal in a disconnected or sleeping state of the at least
one first subscriber, wherein the requirement signal can be transmitted from the signaling unit to the central subscriber
via at least one line connecting the first and central subscribers.

US Pat. No. 9,770,987

SAFETY VISUALIZATIONS FOR NAVIGATION INTERFACE

Volkswagen AG, (DE) Audi...

1. A safety visualization system for use with one or more vehicle alert systems operable to generate a primary vehicle alert
signal, the safety visualization system comprising:
a means for generating supplemental vehicle alerts from the one or more vehicle alert systems on a navigation system display
when the navigation system is activated to supplement primary vehicle alerts generated by the vehicle alert systems in other
locations, wherein the means for generating the supplemental vehicle alerts from the one or more vehicle alert systems on
the navigation system display comprises:

a display device configured to display information from the navigation system;
a control system operable to depict the supplemental vehicle alert on the navigation system display generated by the one or
more vehicle alert systems;

the control system configured to determine whether the navigation system is activated;
the control system having:
one or more processors for receiving signals from the one or more vehicle alert systems;
a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium in which is stored computer code that when executed on the one or more processors
causes the control system to perform the method of:

once the navigation system is activated, receiving a signal from the one or more vehicle alert systems; and
presenting the supplemental vehicle alert simultaneously with navigation system information;
wherein the system is configured to generate the supplemental vehicle alert on the navigation system display; and
wherein the supplemental vehicle alert is positioned to reflect the spatial relationship of a hazard that triggered the supplemental
vehicle alert with respect to a carsor depicted on the display device.

US Pat. No. 9,609,111

METHOD FOR COMMUNICATING BETWEEN A COMMUNICATIONS UNIT OF A DEVICE AND AN EXTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS UNIT VIA A MOBILE PHONE UNIT

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for communicating between a communication unit of an apparatus and an external communication unit via a mobile
telephone unit, the method comprising:
setting up a serial connection between the communication unit of the apparatus and the mobile telephone unit, a protocol of
the serial connection having a data field and a first header;

setting up a connection between the mobile telephone unit and the external communication unit, wherein a second header for
the connection between the mobile telephone unit and the external connection is generated based on the first header in the
mobile telephone unit, wherein the data field is transmitted without change from the serial connection to the connection between
the mobile telephone unit and the external communication unit;

the communication unit sending a socket request to the mobile telephone unit via the serial connection;
the mobile telephone unit transmitting a message for providing a socket to the external communication unit via the connection
between the mobile telephone unit and the external communication unit;

the external communication unit transmitting a message relating to the provided socket to the mobile telephone unit via the
connection between the mobile telephone unit and the external communication unit; and

the mobile telephone unit transmitting a message relating to the provided socket to the communication unit via the serial
connection.

US Pat. No. 9,594,472

METHOD AND ARRAY FOR PROVIDING A GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE, IN PARTICULAR IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for providing a user interface coupled to a processor, in a vehicle, the method comprising:
displaying at least one graphical object for interaction in a display area of the user interface outside the user's reach;
detecting a user's gesture in a detection space which is spatially separate from the display area such that the detection
space is within the user's reach;

selecting a graphical object of the at least one graphical object for interaction via the processor; and
carrying out an interaction associated with the gesture using the selected graphical object via the processor,
wherein one or more position(s) adopted by the selected graphical object in the display area during interaction are outside
the user's reach,

wherein the position of the selected object provided for interaction in the display area is independent of the area in the
detection space in which the gesture was detected, and gestures are detected in the detection space without user approach
to the selected object,

wherein the method further comprises:
detecting a first phase of the gesture on a touch-sensitive surface within the detection space in the user's reach;
determining, in the first phase of the gesture, a contact zone based on the gesture on the touch-sensitive surface, and selecting
the object based on the determined contact zone on the touch-sensitive surface; and

contactlessly detecting a second phase of the gesture within the detection space, wherein the trajectories of the first and
second phases of the gesture are associated with one another to interact with the display area of the user interface outside
the user's reach.

US Pat. No. 9,805,523

DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES AND METHOD OF COLLECTING VEHICLES

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

1. A server-based diagnostic method for vehicles of a group of vehicles, the diagnostic method comprising:
acquiring data relating to at least one vehicle from the group of vehicles, from a social medium;
automatically determining, via determination device, complaints relating to a criticized characteristic of the at least one
vehicle, depending on the acquired data; and

generating diagnostic information, via a processing device, for the at least one vehicle depending on the complaints,
retrieving vehicle diagnostic information from a vehicle diagnostic system of a vehicle from the group of vehicles depending
on the generated diagnostic information, and validating the diagnostic information generated based on the vehicle diagnostic
information retrieved,

wherein the social medium is a blog or user forum,
determining a popularity of the use of a vehicle function from the group of vehicle functions, based on frequency of use of
the vehicle function as determined by analysis of the acquired data,

automatically electronically logging, via electronic log mechanisms in a fleet of vehicles, every use of a vehicle function
by users of the fleet of vehicles to determine an actual popularity of the vehicle function based on an actual frequency of
use by the users, and

validating the popularity of the use of the vehicle function based on the acquired data from the social medium by comparing
the determined popularity with the actual popularity.

US Pat. No. 9,802,484

METHOD AND DISPLAY DEVICE FOR TRANSITIONING DISPLAY INFORMATION

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for displaying information in a display area in a motor vehicle, comprising:
graphically displaying at least one first graphical object on the display area; and
generating, by a control device, based on a change to a second graphical object, graphic data that controls the display area
to cause the first graphical object to disappear and the second graphical object to be faded in, such that, in a perspective
representation on the display area, the first graphical object is swiveled out about a first axis disposed apart from and
outside of the display area, and, in the perspective representation on the display area, the second graphical object is swiveled
in about a second axis disposed apart from and outside of the display area, until the second graphical object is fully displayed,
wherein the first axis and the second axis coincide;

wherein a duration of the swiveling in and/or of the swiveling out is ascertained as a function of the velocity of the motor
vehicle, such that the duration of the swiveling in and/or of the swiveling out is longer at greater velocities of the motor
vehicle and shorter at lesser velocities of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,807,352

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PARKING A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for assisting a driver to perform a reverse parking process of a motor vehicle equipped with an advanced parking
guidance system into a longitudinal parking space, the method comprising:
generating an image of surroundings of the rear of the motor vehicle through a rear-view camera system, wherein the image
of the surroundings of the rear of the motor vehicle is displayed on a display device in the motor vehicle and includes two
first 3D symbols blended into the image displayed on the display device generated by the rear-view camera system, wherein
positions of the two first 3D symbols in the image are based on the image generated by the rear-view camera system, wherein
a distance between the two first 3D symbols corresponds to a minimum parking space for the motor vehicle; and

receiving selection of one side for the parking process,
wherein the selection of the one side causes the first 3D symbols of the other side of the vehicle to be faded out of the
image displayed on the display device.

US Pat. No. 9,690,729

TABLET COMPUTER DOCK

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A tablet computer dock comprising
a tablet receiver defining a compartment sized to receive a tablet computer, the compartment accessible through a slot, and
positioning means for moving a tablet computer removably inserted into the compartment through the slot from a use position
in which an interface portion of the tablet computer is exposed outside the compartment and a supported portion of the tablet
computer is received in the compartment to a stowed position in which the entire tablet computer is received inside the compartment
so that the tablet computer is supported for operation by a user when the positioning means moves the tablet computer to the
use position and so that the tablet computer is enclosed in the tablet receiver to discourage theft of the tablet computer
when the positioning means moves the tablet computer to the stowed position,

wherein each component of the positioning means is located entirely within the compartment during movement of the tablet computer
to each of the insert/eject, use, and stowed positions,

wherein the positioning means includes a controller, a sensor unit coupled to the controller and configured to detect when
a tablet computer is inserted through the slot into the compartment, and a drive coupled to the controller, the drive coupled
to the tablet receiver and arranged to engage a tablet computer inserted into the compartment through the slot,

wherein the drive includes a drive roller arranged inside the compartment to engage a tablet inserted into the compartment
through the slot and a motor coupled to the drive roller,

wherein the sensor unit includes a drive sensor coupled to the motor and configured to detect electrical current in the motor
created by rotation of the drive roller in response to a tablet computer being pushed into or pulled out of the compartment
by a user.

US Pat. No. 9,527,462

MOTOR VEHICLE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A motor vehicle electrical system comprising;
a starter arranged in a first region of the motor vehicle electrical system; and
a first energy store arranged in the first region of the motor vehicle electrical system;
a generator arranged in a second region of the motor vehicle electrical system;
a second energy store arranged in the second region of the motor vehicle electrical system; and
a first switching element which has at least two switching states and is arranged between the first and the second region
of the motor vehicle electrical system,

wherein current flow is possible only in the direction from the first region to the second region in a first switching state
and the first and the second region are through-connected to one another in a second switching state, and

wherein the system further comprises a DC/DC converter and the second energy store is connected to the generator by the DC/DC
converter, and

wherein the starter is connected directly to the second energy store by a second switching element.

US Pat. No. 9,493,079

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CHARGING AN ENERGY STORE OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

7. A device for charging an energy store of a vehicle by a charging device; the device comprising:
a controller;
a voltmeter; and
a current regulator,
wherein the voltmeter measures a charging voltage (U) provided by the charging device across a connection of the vehicle,
wherein the controller and the current regulator regulate a charging current which is provided by the charging device and
charges the energy store as a function of the measured charging voltage (U) provided by the charging device to limit a power
loss during charging,

wherein the charging voltage (U) provided by the charging device across a connection, is measured as an open-circuit voltage
in the no-load state,

wherein a charging current (I) is regulated as a function of a difference (dU) between the open-circuit voltage and the charging
voltage (U) provided by the charging device which is currently measured across the connection, and

wherein the charging current (I) is regulated to keep a ratio of the difference (dU) and the open-circuit voltage at a predetermined
value.

US Pat. No. 9,212,584

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, AND CONTROL UNIT SET UP FOR CARRYING OUT THE METHOD

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine having air and fuel supplies configured to supply a variable air:fuel
mixture to the internal combustion engine, the internal combustion engine producing exhaust gas that is passed via a 3-way
catalytic converter disposed in an exhaust duct, said method comprising
detecting, via a single lambda probe disposed upstream from the 3-way catalytic converter, a probe signal characteristic of
an exhaust gas lambda number and forwards forwarding the probe signal to an engine controller having an integrated PI or PID
controller,

wherein the PI or PID controller is configured with a target value corresponding to a stoichiometric exhaust gas lambda number,
and the air and fuel supplies are configured to vary the air:fuel mixture such that the detected exhaust gas lambda number
alternates between a weak lambda number and a rich lambda number (“lambda modulation”), said lambda modulation having a specified
periodic target value variation such that, at the start of each target value variation, a pre-controlled P component with
following I component is specified up to a point in time t2,

wherein the point in time t2 is specified using stored parameters characterizing a path behavior so that, at said point in time t2, the probe signal or a variable derived from the probe signal must have reached the specified target value,

wherein, from the point in time t2, a changeover to control based on a difference between an actual value and the target value of the lambda probe takes place
for a specifiable time period until the end of the respective target value variation.

US Pat. No. 9,802,494

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SEPARATING AND CONNECTING TWO-PART BOARD NETWORKS

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

1. A device for disconnecting and connecting two on-board electrical subsystems, the device comprising two series-connected
switching elements and a control device, wherein the control device generates control signals for the switching elements depending
on measured actual values and previously defined reference values of the on-board electrical subsystems, wherein the switching
elements in each case are a parallel circuit consisting of a diode and a controllable resistor, wherein the controllable resistor
can be controlled between a low-resistance minimum value and a high-resistance maximum value, wherein the switching elements
are arranged such that the two anodes or the two cathodes of the diodes are interconnected,
wherein a regulator of the switching elements is designed at least partially as hardware, being designed such that a control
signal is generated for a switching element to set a resistance value between the minimum value and the maximum value, wherein
at least one control unit is allocated to the switching elements, said control unit being designed such that the control unit
generates a control signal for a switching element depending on a signal of the control device to set said switching element
to the minimum value or the maximum value, wherein the device has at least one switchover device controllable by the control
device, by which one switching element is connected to the regulator and the other switching element is connected to the at
least one control unit.

US Pat. No. 9,644,984

OPERATING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An operating device for operating a computing device in a motor vehicle, comprising:
a display configured to optically display information;
a touch screen arranged above the display configured to input commands based on a pressure exerted on the touch screen, as
ascertained by a force sensor, and based on a location on the touch screen where the pressure is exerted;

an actuator configured to set the touch screen in motion;
at least one spring element operatively arranged between the actuator and an outer periphery of the touch screen to transfer
motion from the actuator to the touch screen; and

an internal control system configured to control the actuator to set in motion the touch screen in response to a pressure
exerted on the touch screen in an area of the touch screen provided for haptic feedback; and
an interface configured to read in at least one of:(a) geographical details to specify at least one of (a) a point and (b) an area on the touch screen; and(b) an output instruction assigned to the geographical details to state whether, in response to a pressure exerted on the
touch screen at a location on the touch screen that corresponds to the geographical details, a message is to be output by
the operating device relating to the pressure exerted on the touch screen;wherein the interface is configured to transmit, to the operating device, a haptic indication, assigned to the geographical
details, to indicate a type of the haptic reaction in response to the pressure exerted on the touch screen.

US Pat. No. 9,579,948

FASTENING DEVICE

Dr. Ing h.c. F. Porsche A...

1. A system for mounting a stabilizer on a motor vehicle body, comprising:
a subframe for supporting the motor vehicie body;
the stabilizer for cushioning movements of opposite wheels of the motor vehicle;
a fastening device for mounting the stabilizer on the motor vehicle body, said fastening device comprising: a stabilizer mount,
which is configured to be placed around the stabilizer, for transferring torsional forces from the stabilizer to the vehicle
body, a fastening body for receiving the stabilizer mount, and a fastener for fastening the fastening body on the subframe
of the motor vehicle body,

wherein the fastener is connected to the fastening body and also fastens the subframe to the motor vehicle body.

US Pat. No. 9,530,182

METHOD FOR DISPLAYING INFORMATION IN PARTICULAR IN A VEHICLE AND DISPLAY UNIT FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for displaying information, in a vehicle, in which a control device generates graphics data which actuate a display
area, the method comprising:
displaying, in a first display mode, graphics objects and/or control buttons for visualizing information of a first vehicle
unit of a plurality of vehicle units;

wherein the each of the vehicle units corresponds to sensed operating parameters and/or functionality provided within the
vehicle; and

displaying, in a second display mode, graphics objects and/or control buttons for visualizing information of the plurality
of vehicle units are displayed;

transitioning from the first display mode into the second display mode, wherein during the transition, the representation
of the graphics objects and/or control buttons for visualizing information of the first vehicle unit is reduced in size and
changed, and during this transition, graphics objects and/or control buttons for visualizing information of other vehicle
units of the plurality of vehicle unit are newly displayed at an edge of the display area, wherein during the transition,
these graphics objects and/or control buttons for visualizing information of the other vehicle units are moved from the edge
of the display area in the direction of the center of the display area so as to transition into the second display mode, and

wherein, at the transition from the first display mode into the second display mode, the representation of the graphics objects
and/or control buttons for visualizing information of the first vehicle unit is changed such that, in the second display mode,
no control buttons are displayed.

US Pat. No. 9,527,440

TECHNOLOGIES FOR VEHICLE TURN BLINKER AUDIO AND DISPLAY PROCESSING

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A system for processing turn signal data for a vehicle, the system comprising:
a turning signal module for activating a turn signal for the vehicle;
a turning audio module for generating audio indicia in response to the turn signal module activating the turn signal;
a turning display module for generating visual indicia in response to the turn signal module activating the turn signal; and
processing means for receiving and processing vehicle data to determine a vehicle characteristic, wherein the processing means
is configured to provide modification data to modify (i) one or more audio characteristics of the audio indicia generated
by the turning audio module and (ii) one or more visual characteristics of the visual indicia generated by the turning display
module in response to the determined vehicle characteristic,

wherein the processing means is configured to modify the audio characteristics by modifying at least one of a volume and a
frequency of the audio characteristic based on the modification data provided based on the determined vehicle characteristic,

wherein the processing means is configured to modify the visual characteristics by modifying an illumination, a frequency
of illumination, and a graphic display of the visual characteristic based on the modification data provided based on the determined
vehicle characteristic, and

wherein the vehicle data comprises data received from one or more of an engine module, a speedometer module, a global positioning
system (GPS) module, and a radio/entertainment module.

US Pat. No. 10,073,596

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING AN ELECTRONIC UNIT AND/OR OTHER APPLICATIONS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for control of at least one electronic device and/or application on a display device of a motor vehicle by a motor vehicle operator, in which a plurality of selectable objects are displayed, the method comprising:displaying the selectable objects spatially in a two-dimensional landscape on the motor vehicle display device so as to be askew relative to one another within orthogonal axes within the two-dimensional landscape; and
automatically filtering the selectable objects in response to and based on a selection of attributes or tags from a list of attributes or tags associated with the selectable objects displayed on the display device, wherein the list of attributes or tags is separate from the selectable objects spatially in the two-dimensional landscape on the motor vehicle display device,
wherein the automatically filtering of the displayed, selectable objects further comprises displaying a subset of the displayed, selectable objects based on the selection of attributes or tags,
wherein the automatically filtering performed in response to the selection of attributes or tags facilitates direct interaction of the motor vehicle operator with the displayed, selectable objects,
wherein the displayed, selectable objects are automatically sorted and displayed based on the selection of attributes or tags, and
wherein selection of any or all of the displayed, selectable objects is performed based on the selection of attributes or tags to filter and sort the displayed, selectable objects in a single step.

US Pat. No. 9,746,946

METHOD FOR DISPLAYING INFORMATION IN A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for displaying information with the aid of a display mounted in a motor vehicle, comprising:
generating, by a user interface device, graphic data which actuate at least a subregion of the display such that in an operating
state, information which is assigned to at least one operator step executable by an input device is displayed, and in a display
state, information which is not assigned to any operator steps is displayed, and it is detected when an object enters an operator
control zone assigned to the input device and when the object leaves the operator control zone; and

switching the user interface device from the operating state to the display state when the object leaves the operator control
zone and the object does not reenter the operator control zone within a defined time interval.

US Pat. No. 9,742,312

APPARATUS AND ELECTRICAL ASSEMBLY FOR CONVERTING A DIRECT VOLTAGE INTO AN ALTERNATING VOLTAGE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An electrical assembly for converting a direct voltage into an alternating voltage, comprising:
a first supply voltage area for distributing a first DC supply voltage;
a second supply voltage area for distributing a second DC supply voltage;
at least one first power semiconductor having an input terminal connected to the first supply voltage area and an output terminal
connected to an alternating voltage output of the assembly;

at least one second power semiconductor having an input terminal connected to the second supply voltage area and an output
terminal connected to the alternating voltage output of the assembly, wherein

the first supply voltage area extends on the side of the first power semiconductor facing the input voltage terminal of the
first power semiconductor,

the second supply voltage area extends on the side of the second power semiconductor facing away from the input voltage terminal
of the second power semiconductor; and wherein the second power semiconductor is arranged on an additional substrate which
comprises a conductor structure at a surface of the substrate which is connected to the output terminal of the second power
semiconductor, wherein the substrate is arranged between the second power semiconductor and the second supply voltage area.

US Pat. No. 9,665,175

INPUT DEVICE HAVING HAPTIC FEEDBACK

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A motor vehicle input device comprising:
an active motor vehicle display that dynamically generates a variety of images for a variable visual representation of information
relevant to a driver of the motor vehicle;

a motor vehicle touch screen arranged above the active display for the input of commands in the motor vehicle by the driver
of the motor vehicle by touching an operating surface of the motor vehicle touch screen;

a layer having adjustable transparency sandwiched between a transparent portion of a housing for the active motor vehicle
display and the motor vehicle touch screen;

the housing configured to mount to a dashboard inside the motor vehicle; and
an actuator coupled to the housing for providing haptic feedback by vibrating the housing in response to contact by the driver
of the motor vehicle with the operating surface of the motor vehicle touch screen;

such that the layer having adjustable transparency is physically spaced apart from the active motor vehicle display at least
by the transparent portion of the housing, and such that the layer having adjustable transparency is vibrated along with the
motor vehicle touch screen by the actuator, while the physically spaced apart active motor vehicle display is not vibrated
by the actuator.

US Pat. No. 9,630,624

METHOD TO ENHANCE SAFE ACCELERATION AND LEAD-VEHICLE DISTANCE KEEPING PERFORMANCE, BY MEASURING FORWARD VEHICLE GAPS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A vehicle speed control device in a vehicle, the device comprising:
an electronic control unit (“ECU”);
a forward vehicles sensor, in electronic communication with the ECU, to generate a forward vehicles signal that indicates
one or more of a distance to and speed of a lead vehicle, a distance between the lead vehicle and a forward vehicle traveling
ahead of the lead vehicle, the lead vehicle and the forward vehicle traveling in substantially a same lane, and a speed of
the forward vehicle;

a speed sensor, in electronic communication with the ECU, to sense a controlled vehicle speed of the vehicle;
a traffic congestion detection unit, in electronic communication with the ECU, to monitor when the controlled vehicle speed
is below a predetermined vehicle speed; and

control means, in electronic communication with the ECU for adjusting the controlled vehicle speed based on a predicted acceleration
and/or deceleration of the lead vehicle determined based on the forward vehicles signal when the controlled vehicle speed
is below the predetermined vehicle speed so that acceleration occurs without regard to the distance to the lead vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,619,721

MONITORING A DEGREE OF ATTENTION OF A DRIVER OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for monitoring a degree of attentiveness for a driver of a vehicle, the method comprising:
determining a period based on a speed of the vehicle;
receiving image data from an interior camera that depict a portion of the face of the driver;
determining whether a blink time of the driver exceeds the determined period based on the image data and identifying a reduced
degree of attentiveness when the blink time of the driver exceeds the period;

monitoring the degree of attentiveness of the driver based on the determination of whether the blink time exceeds the period,
wherein the method is executed by a controller that is preconfigured to carry out the method.

US Pat. No. 9,586,481

DEVICE, VEHICLE, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR DEACTIVATING HIGH-VOLTAGE COMPONENTS OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A device for deactivating high-voltage components of a vehicle, wherein the device carries out a fault analysis of the
high-voltage components following the detection of a vibration and disconnects the high-voltage components in response to
the fault analysis revealing a fault in the high-voltage components, wherein the device distinguishes a minor accident from
a major accident based on the detection of the vibration is detected, and
wherein the device irreversibly disconnects the high-voltage components from a vehicle network without a fault analysis in
the event of a major accident, carries out the fault analysis in the event of a minor accident, and disconnects the high-voltage
components only after the fault analysis reveals a fault in the high-voltage components,

wherein the device initiates a self-diagnosis of one or more of the high-voltage components as part of the fault analysis,
initiates an interlock check, detects a line interruption, initiates an insulation resistance measurement, and determines
a voltage status of a high-voltage heating system and/or of an electronic air-conditioning compressor.

US Pat. No. 9,530,062

FUSED RAISED PAVEMENT MARKER DETECTION FOR AUTONOMOUS DRIVING USING LIDAR AND CAMERA

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. An in-vehicle system for estimating and tracking a lane boundary formed of pavement markers disposed on a roadway, the
system comprising:
a camera located on a vehicle for obtaining image data along the roadway regarding stationary reflective raised pavement markers
and non-reflective raised pavement markers as the vehicle advances along the roadway;

an image processor for processing frames of image data captured along the roadway over time by the camera and generating a
first probabilistic model for the lane boundary;

a lidar detector located on the vehicle for obtaining lidar data along the roadway regarding stationary reflective raised
pavement markers as the vehicle advances along the roadway;

a lidar processor for processing frames of lidar data captured along the roadway over time by the lidar detector and generating
a second probabilistic model for the lane boundary; and

means for fusing the first probabilistic model and the second probabilistic model to generate a fused probabilistic model
and for estimating and tracking the lane boundary based on the fused probabilistic model;

wherein the first probabilistic model includes a first mixture of Gaussian distributions;
the second probabilistic model includes a second mixture of Gaussian distributions; and
the means for fusing the first probabilistic model and the second probabilistic model includes a processor and a non-transitory
data storage on which is stored computer code which, when executed on the processor, causes the in-vehicle system to compute
a product of the first probabilistic model and the second probabilistic model.

US Pat. No. 10,029,680

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR HANDING OVER A MOTOR VEHICLE TO THE DRIVER DURING AN AUTOMATIC PARKING SPACE-LEAVING MANEUVER

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

4. The method of claim 1, wherein switching off the voltage supply to predetermined vehicle components switches off voltage to information units for informing the driver about safety-relevant states of the vehicle components, and maintaining operating voltage to the drive controller when the target position has been reached, wherein the target position is a predefined position.

US Pat. No. 9,874,877

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLING A FOLLOWING VEHICLE WITH A SCOUT VEHICLE

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

1. A method for automatically controlling at least one following vehicle, the method comprising:
producing a scout trajectory for a scout vehicle;
guiding the scout vehicle along an actual trajectory, the actual trajectory of the scout vehicle and scout environmental data
is captured by scout sensors;

producing a desired trajectory for the following vehicle and following vehicle environmental data are captured by following
vehicle sensors;

determining a scout trajectory similarity based on the scout trajectory produced and the captured actual trajectory, reference
trajectory data are produced and reference environmental data are produced based on the scout environmental data;

transmitting the reference trajectory data and the reference environmental data to the following vehicle;
determining a trajectory similarity by a trajectory comparison based on the desired trajectory produced and the transmitted
reference trajectory data;

determining an environmental data similarity by an environmental data comparison based on the captured following vehicle environmental
data and the transmitted reference environmental data, in which case:

in response to the trajectory similarity and/or the environment similarity exceeding a particular threshold value, automatic
control of the following vehicle is activated, and

in response to the trajectory similarity and/or the environment similarity not exceeding a particular threshold value, a safe
driving mode of the following vehicle is activated.

US Pat. No. 9,835,073

SECONDARY-AIR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CHECKING THE OPERABILITY OF THE SECONDARY-AIR SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A secondary-air system, comprising:
a plurality of exhaust gas banks including a first master exhaust gas bank, a second master exhaust gas bank, a first slave
exhaust gas bank, and a second slave exhaust gas bank;

a plurality of secondary-air pumps including a first secondary-air pump and a second secondary-air pump;
a plurality of secondary-air lines including a first secondary-air line, a second secondary-air line, a third secondary-air
line, and a fourth secondary-air line, wherein, by using said secondary-air pumps, secondary air is guidable, via said secondary-air
lines, to said exhaust gas banks;

a plurality of secondary-air valves including a first master secondary-air valve, a second master secondary-air valve, a first
slave secondary-air valve, and a second slave secondary-air valve, wherein in each case a respective one of said secondary-air
valves is assigned to a respective one of said secondary-air lines;

said first master exhaust gas bank being connected, via said first secondary-air line, to said first master secondary-air
valve, said second master exhaust gas bank being connected, via said second secondary-air line, to said second master secondary-air
valve, wherein, by using said first secondary-air pump, said first and said second master secondary-air valve and associated
ones of said secondary-air lines can be supplied with secondary air;

said first slave exhaust gas bank being connected, via said third secondary-air line, to said first slave secondary-air valve,
said second slave exhaust gas bank being connected, via said fourth secondary-air line, to said second slave secondary-air
valve, wherein, by using said second secondary-air pump, said first and said second slave secondary-air valve and associated
ones of said secondary-air lines can be supplied with secondary air; and

a plurality of controls including a first control and a second control, wherein, by using said first control, said first master
secondary-air valve and said first slave secondary-air valve are controllable together and wherein, by using said second control,
said second master secondary-air valve and said second slave secondary-air valve are controllable together.

US Pat. No. 9,587,524

DEVICE FOR CHANGING THE RELATIVE ANGULAR POSITION OF A CAMSHAFT WITH RESPECT TO A CRANKSHAFT OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A device for changing a relative angular position of a camshaft with respect to a crankshaft of an internal combustion
engine, comprising:
a drive element driven by the crankshaft, wherein the drive element is mounted rotatably about the camshaft, and wherein at
least two hydraulic chambers are formed between the drive element and the camshaft, wherein the hydraulic chambers are pressurizable
with a pressurized fluid in order to set a defined relative rotational position between the drive element and the camshaft;

a housing element, in which means for controlling the flow of the pressurized fluid are arranged;
a pressure reservoir having a pressure chamber for pressurized fluid, the pressure reservoir being substantially cylindrical
and being formed as a piston-cylinder system having a piston arranged movably in a cylinder element, the piston being prestressed
in the cylinder element by a spring, the pressure reservoir being arranged on the housing element so that a cylindrical lateral
face of the reservoir abuts a lateral portion of the housing element, at least one fluid connection being formed between the
housing element and the pressure chamber of the pressure reservoir,

wherein the housing element and a housing of the pressure reservoir are formed as a one piece part; and
a cover closing an axial end portion of the pressure reservoir, wherein the fluid connection is a fluid connection duct between
the lateral portion of the housing element and the pressure chamber of the pressure reservoir, the fluid connection duct running
parallel to a direction of movement of the piston of the pressure reservoir to the axial end portion of the pressure reservoir,
and wherein the cover has at least one flow path for the flow of pressurized fluid from an end of the fluid connection duct
to the pressure chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,150,145

VEHICLE HEADLIGHT ASSEMBLY WITH SELF-ADJUSTING FASTENERS

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A headlight assembly comprising
a brace formed to include a plurality of openings,
a headlamp including a lighting element and a housing, the housing formed to include a plurality of holes arranged to align
with the plurality of openings included in the brace, and

a plurality of self-adjusting fasteners extending through the openings in the brace and into the holes in the headlamp to
couple the headlamp to the brace, the plurality of self-adjusting fasteners configured to self-adjust during mounting of the
headlamp so that the headlamp is maintained in a preselected orientation while compensating for irregular spacing between
the headlamp and the brace caused by manufacturing variations, each self-adjusting fastener including (i) an anchor having
a sleeve with external threads engaged with the brace around the hole and a cap formed to include an aperture, (ii) a drive
screw having a head sized to engage the brace around the aperture, a shank, and a shoulder extending from the head to the
shank, and (iii) a bushing having external threads engaged with internal threads of the sleeve included in the anchor and
an internal feature engaged with the shank included in the drive screw to couple the drive screw to the bushing,

wherein the shank of the drive screw is sized to engage the cap of the anchor around the aperture during a first phase of
drive-screw rotation so that the anchor is coupled to the drive screw for common rotation when the shank is received in the
aperture and the shoulder is sized to extend through the aperture formed in the cap without engaging the cap around the aperture
during a second phase of drive-screw rotation so that the drive screw is free to rotate relative to the anchor when the shoulder
is received in the aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,073,528

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A HAPTIC MOMENT AT AN ACTUATOR

Volkswagen AG, (DE) Audi...

1. A device for generating a haptic moment at an actuator, the device comprising:an unbalance motor;
a sensor for detecting actuation of the actuator; and
a processor for producing an actuation signal for the unbalance motor depending on signals of the sensor, wherein the processor produces a first actuation signal and a second actuation signal on detecting actuation of the actuator, wherein the first actuation signal (S1(D)) is designed so the unbalance motor is accelerated in a first direction of rotation without achieving more than two revolutions, wherein the second actuation signal is designed so the unbalance motor is decelerated without the unbalance motor running in the second direction of rotation.