US Pat. No. 9,316,127

ADJUSTABLE CAMSHAFT DRIVE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A camshaft drive for an internal combustion engine having valves, the camshaft drive comprising:
a) a drive shaft having at least one cam for actuating one of the valves of the internal combustion engine;
b) a shaft-in-shaft system disposed parallel to said drive shaft, said shaft-in-shaft system having an inner shaft and an
outer shaft, said outer shaft being disposed coaxial to said inner shaft and surrounding said inner shaft;

c) said inner shaft and said outer shaft each having at least one cam for actuating one of the valves of the internal combustion
engine;

d) an outer shaft transmission element, said outer shaft being coupled to said drive shaft via said outer shaft transmission
element, said outer shaft being connected to said outer shaft transmission element in a manner fixed against relative rotation;

e) a hydraulic transmission device including a stator, a rotor, and an intermediate member disposed between said rotor and
said inner shaft, said inner shaft being coupled to said drive shaft via said hydraulic transmission device;

f) an adjusting device and a control device, said hydraulic transmission device being operatively connected to said adjusting
device and to said control device for setting a desired phase angle between said inner shaft and said outer shaft, said control
device including at least one device selected from the group consisting of an open loop control device and a closed loop control
device; and

g) a drive element coupled to said drive shaft, said drive element being directly coupled both to said outer shaft transmission
element and to said stator, wherein said outer shaft transmission element is an outer shaft gearwheel, said drive element
is a drive gearwheel, said outer shaft gearwheel meshes with said drive gearwheel, and said stator has an outer toothing which
also meshes with said drive gearwheel.

US Pat. No. 9,428,220

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MANEUVERING A TRAILER

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for maneuvering a combination comprising a tow vehicle and a trailer, the trailer being connected to the tow vehicle
with the aid of a non-steerable tow bar and the tow vehicle monitoring the rear surroundings, including the trailer with the
aid of a rear-view camera, the method comprising:
determining, using a control device, an actual articulation of the trailer relative to the tow vehicle;
determining a tow bar length and a maximum articulation of the trailer;
inputting a setpoint articulation of the trailer;
reversing the tow vehicle with at least active steering assistance until achieving the setpoint articulation of the trailer;
fixing a direction of travel predetermined by the setpoint articulation; and
maneuvering the tow vehicle with at least active steering assistance and maintaining a predetermined direction of travel until
reaching a final parking position.

US Pat. No. 9,056,633

BODY STRUCTURE, IN PARTICULAR FLOOR STRUCTURE, FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A body structure for a vehicle comprising:
vehicle components configured to create a defined load path in head-on collision situations, said vehicle components comprising:
at least one longitudinal chassis beam assembly situated on each of two opposing sides of the vehicle, the at least one longitudinal
chassis beam assembly comprising a longitudinal chassis beam extension made of a high-strength hot formed and/or press-hardened
material adjoining a first front longitudinal chassis beam made of a low-strength material relative to the high-strength hot
formed and/or press-hardened material;

wherein the longitudinal chassis beam extension is connected to one or more of an A-pillar component, skirt component, or
foot well cross beam, each of said A-pillar component, skirt component and foot well cross beam being made of a high-strength
hot formed and/or press-hardened material.

US Pat. No. 9,499,125

VEHICLE SYSTEM FOR ACTIVATING A VEHICLE COMPONENT TO PROVIDE VEHICLE ACCESS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A vehicle system for activating at least one vehicle component to provide access to a vehicle, the vehicle system comprising:
a first receiver operative to obtain a wireless signal at least comprising first identification data of at least one mobile
electronic device;

a memory storing at least second identification data; and
at least a second receiver operative to check a presence of a matching vehicle access key, the second receiver being operative
to check the presence of a matching vehicle access key if the first identification data matches the at least second identification
data, and

wherein, if the check is successful, the vehicle system receives and executes at least two commands from the at least one
mobile electronic device, wherein the commands operate the at least one vehicle component through a vehicle control system,

wherein the at least one mobile device is connected with a server for generating at least one of the commands, and
wherein the first receiver or the at least second receiver is operative to obtain a wireless signal comprising data for a
vehicle system preference.

US Pat. No. 9,057,289

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

3. A method for operating an engine, the method which comprises:
providing an internal combustion engine having a working cylinder with two intake valves and two exhaust valves assigned thereto,
the internal combustion engine having a first camshaft and a second camshaft each actuating a respective one of the intake
valves and a respective one of the exhaust valves, the first camshaft being configured as a variable camshaft with an adjuster
for adjusting valve control times, the first camshaft including an outer shaft and an inner shaft, the outer shaft being configured
as a hollow shaft, the inner shaft being disposed within the outer shaft, the outer shaft and the inner shaft each including
at least a respective one of a plurality of cams, the outer shaft as well as the inner shaft being rotatable by using the
adjuster, the outer shaft and the inner shaft being rotatable relative to one another by using the adjuster such that relative
positions of given ones of the cams controlling given ones of the intake and exhaust valves are changeable, the second camshaft
being driven by a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine, and the second camshaft being configured as a fixed camshaft;
and

operating the internal combustion engine in at least one operating range selected from the group consisting of a first operating
range, a second operating range and a third operating range, wherein in the first operating range, which is characterized
by medium to high loads and low to medium rotational speeds of the internal combustion engine, valve control times of the
respective ones of the intake and exhaust valves actuated by the variable camshaft substantially correspond to valve control
times of the intake and exhaust valves actuated by the fixed camshaft, wherein in the second operating range, which is in
comparison to the first operating range characterized by higher rotational speeds of the internal combustion engine, valve
control times of the respective one of the intake valves actuated by the variable camshaft are adjusted to late and valve
control times of the respective one of the exhaust valves are adjusted to early, and wherein in the third operating range,
which is characterized by low to medium loads of the internal combustion engine, valve control times of the respective one
of the exhaust valves actuated by the variable camshaft substantially correspond to valve control times of the respective
one of the exhaust valves actuated by the fixed camshaft and valve control times of the respective one of the intake valves
actuated by the variable camshaft are adjusted to late.

US Pat. No. 9,348,025

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR LATERAL ENVIRONMENT DETECTION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A device for lateral environment detection of a motor vehicle, the device comprising:
a plurality of environmental sensors that are substantially identical in hardware configuration and are arranged on the motor
vehicle for detecting an environment transverse to a direction of travel on a same side of the motor vehicle;

a parking support device that performs a parking space detection; and
a door protection device for collision protection when opening a door,
wherein, in at least one operating mode at least two environmental sensors of the plurality of environmental sensors are operated
at different frequencies,

wherein at least one of the different frequencies is shifted with respect to a resonance frequency of the environmental sensors,
and

wherein an environmental sensor of at least two environmental sensors is assigned to the parking support device and another
environmental sensor of the at least two environmental sensors is assigned to the door protection device.

US Pat. No. 9,488,725

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING OBJECTS IN THE SURROUNDINGS OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for detecting objects in an environment of a vehicle, the method comprising:
ascertaining at least one reflection pattern, which is stored or programmed in a memory or circuit, for at least one object
class, wherein a reflection pattern for a mapping geometry of a pulse echo measurement assigns to each parameter value tuple
that characterizes an object of the object class in the environment an expected transit time at which an echo pulse is expected
in an echo signal if only a corresponding object characterized by the parameter value tuple is present in the environment;

performing pulse echo measurements for different transmitter/receiver geometries;
detecting echo signals in the pulse echo measurements;
calculating weights for different objects of the corresponding class characterized by the parameter value tuple in that, for
each echo signal, one or more weight values are ascertained using the echo signal value or echo signal values for a point
or points in time corresponding to an expected transit time or transit times that is or are associated with the parameter
value tuple using the reflection pattern associated with the echo signal;

summing the weight values ascertained to form a weight; and
ascertaining a presence of objects of the at least one object class using the weights ascertained.

US Pat. No. 9,327,581

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR REGULATING A STATIONARY CLIMATE CONTROL FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for regulating a stationary climate control system for a vehicle that includes at least one first energy source,
the method comprising:
determining an actual value of a climate parameter from an interior of the vehicle;
generating a difference value from the actual value and a reference value;
determining a projected usage time for the vehicle;
determining a time interval from a current time and the determined projected usage time;
determining a quantity of energy required to set the climate parameter to a desired value based on a length of the time interval
and the difference value; and

setting the actual value for the climate parameter within the time interval to the desired value based on the required quantity
of energy and the quantity of energy available from the first energy source.

US Pat. No. 9,579,966

HYBRID POWERTRAIN FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, HYBRID VEHICLE, AND USE THEREOF

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A hybrid drivetrain for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a combustion engine coupled to a combustion engine driveshaft, said combustion engine driveshaft carrying one or more driveshaft
pinions;

an electric machine connected to power electronics and to an electrical energy storage device, said electric machine having
a stator and a rotor;

said combustion engine and said electric machine being connectable for torque-transmission to an output shaft;
an electric machine driveshaft carrying one or more driveshaft pinions, and a planetary gear set coupling said rotor of said
electric machine to said electric machine driveshaft, said planetary gear set having a plurality of elements including a sun
gear, a web, and an internal gear, and wherein one of said elements acts as input element and another of said elements acts
as an output element of said planetary gear set;

at least one driveshaft pinion of the combustion engine driveshaft forming a switchably torque-transmitting pinion pairing
with a corresponding collective shaft pinion of a first collective shaft that is coupled for torque-transmission to said output
shaft;

at least one driveshaft pinion of said electric machine driveshaft forming a torque-transmitting pinion pairing with a corresponding
collective shaft pinion of a collective shaft that is coupled for torque-transmission to said output shaft; and

a switchable clutch configured to selectively connect said rotor of said electric machine to said input element or to said
output element of said planetary gear set.

US Pat. No. 9,487,084

ELECTRIC DRIVE AND DRIVE CONFIGURATION FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An electric drive, comprising:
a motor configuration with a plurality of electric machines;
a housing;
an output configuration having a summing stage configured as a Ravigneaux set with a summing internal gear fixed relative
to said housing, with a summing spider, with two sets of summing planets meshing with one another and being rotatably mounted
on said summing spider, one of said two sets of summing planets meshing with said summing internal gear, and with two summing
suns each meshing with a respective one of said two sets of summing planets; and

a transmission stage connected to said motor configuration and also connected to said output configuration, said transmission
stage having a transmission sun and a plurality of transmission planets, said transmission sun being connected to said output
configuration, said transmission planets each being connected to a respective one of said electric machines, said transmission
planets being disposed in an annular manner around said transmission sun, said transmission planets rolling on said transmission
sun in a torque-transmitting manner, said transmission stage having a rotatably mounted transmission internal gear, said transmission
planets rolling on said transmission internal gear in a torque-transmitting manner, said transmission internal gear being
fixedly connected to one of said two summing suns, and said transmission sun being fixedly connected to another one of said
two summing suns.

US Pat. No. 9,248,760

LOCKING AND INCLINATION-ADJUSTING ARRANGEMENT, IN PARTICULAR BACKREST LOCK

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A locking and inclination-adjustment assembly for locking and adjusting the inclination of a part of a vehicle comprising
a lock striker arranged on a vehicle body, and
a lock arranged on the part, said lock being joined to the lock striker when in a locked position and being detachable from
the lock striker when in an unlocked position,

wherein the lock arranged on the part has rotary catches with corresponding locking pawls, whereby the part can be moved and
locked in several reversible latching positions on the lock striker that engages with the lock, and the part can be moved
into the unlocked position separately from the lock striker,

wherein, when the part is in the unlocked position, it can be locked in one of the rotary catches in one latching position
or another as a result of a speed-dependent folding movement of the part, and

wherein, when the part is in the unlocked position, it is locked in a first latching position in a first rotary catch as a
result of a folding movement at a first speed, or else it is locked in a second latching position in a second rotary catch
as a result of a folding movement at a second speed, wherein the first speed is slower than the second speed.

US Pat. No. 9,228,466

METHOD FOR OPERATING A DOSING VALVE, AND CORRESPONDING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for operating a metering valve for introducing a urea-water solution into an exhaust train of an internal combustion
engine, wherein the internal combustion engine also has a charge air cooler to which the coolant is fed in order to cool charge
air, whereby the method comprises:
determining a temperature of the metering valve,
feeding a coolant to the metering valve as a function of the temperature of the metering valve, and
feeding the coolant to the metering valve and to the charge air cooler by means of a shared adjustable coolant pump.

US Pat. No. 9,163,435

CLOSURE SYSTEM FOR EMERGENCY RELEASE OF A TRUNK COMPARTMENT, ESPECIALLY A FRONT TRUNK COMPARTMENT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A closure system for emergency release of a front lid of a trunk compartment of a vehicle, the closure system comprising:
in a lock, a rotary latch arranged such that it can pivot about a second axis of rotation, the latch being held securely in
a closed position of the front lid by a detent pawl arranged such that it can pivot about a first axis of rotation, and a
catch hook associated with the rotary latch;

a stop located in front of the catch hook to limit forward motion of the catch hook; and
a striker operatively connected with the rotary latch in the closed position, in that the rotary latch locks the striker with
respect to a lock housing,

wherein the lid is temporarily captured and held in an intermediate position by the catch hook, through the striker, after
deactivation of the locking of the rotary latch,

wherein the unlocking of the rotary latch and the release of the catch hook that has been captured in the intermediate position
for complete release of the front lid in an emergency is accomplished via a first handle standing in operative connection
with the rotary latch and the catch hook by a first remote actuating mechanism, said handle being located in a cavity that
is enclosed by the front lid.

US Pat. No. 9,500,493

SITUATION-AWARE ROUTE AND DESTINATION PREDICTIONS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system, comprising:
a sensor configured to detect vehicle data;
a situation detection unit configured to receive the vehicle data from the sensor and to determine a plurality of common usage
scenarios based on the vehicle data, the situation detection unit configured to determine and assign a likelihood value for
the plurality of common usage scenarios;

a navigation system control unit configured to receive the vehicle data from the sensor and the plurality of common usage
scenarios and the likelihood value from the situation detection unit, and the navigation system control unit is configured
to predict a most likely usage scenario from the plurality of common usage scenarios and determine a set of destinations for
the predicted most likely usage scenario;

a user interface configured to display the predicted most likely usage scenario to a user and configured to receive user input
such that the user is able to confirm the predicted most likely usage scenario; and

a historical database containing vehicle data for prior vehicle trips and a reliability value for prior predictions,
wherein when the user confirms the predicted most likely usage scenario, the historical database is configured to update the
reliability value, and

wherein when the user confirms the predicted most likely usage scenario the system applies settings, corresponding to the
predicted most likely usage scenario, to in-vehicle systems.

US Pat. No. 9,415,696

RADIATOR GUARD FOR A VEHICLE AND VEHICLE HAVING SUCH A RADIATOR GUARD

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A radiator guard for a vehicle, the radiator guard being arranged on a front end of the vehicle, the radiator guard comprising:
at least one panel covering one or more units or devices arranged in the engine compartment of the vehicle;
a moveable panel enabling access to at least one of the units or devices; and
at least one hinge connected at a first end to the vehicle and connected at a second end to the moveable panel,
wherein the moveable panel is pivotable from a first position to a second position,
wherein the first position is different from the second position,
wherein an outward facing surface of the moveable panel remains facing in a same direction in the first position and the second
position,

wherein the first end and the second end of the at least one hinge remain disposed in an area between the engine compartment
and the moveable panel when the moveable panel is in the first position and in the second position and when pivoted from the
first position to the second position, and

wherein the second end of the at least one hinge is connected to the moveable panel on an inward side of the moveable panel
that is opposite the outward facing surface.

US Pat. No. 9,102,364

CROSS MEMBER ASSEMBLY, IN PARTICULAR A FLOOR CROSS MEMBER AND/OR A FOOTWELL CROSS MEMBER ASSEMBLY, ON A VEHICLE BODY, IN PARTICULAR ON A MOTOR VEHICLE BODY

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A cross member assembly, in particular a floor cross member assembly and/or a footwell cross member assembly on a vehicle
body, said cross member assembly comprising:
a cross member which extends in a vehicle transverse direction and on which at least one longitudinal member, to which force
may be applied and which extends in a vehicle longitudinal direction, is supported by force in a defined longitudinal member
supporting area; and

at least one member component of the vehicle body which extends away from the cross member diametrically opposed to the at
least one longitudinal member to which force may be applied and/or which is connected in a member component connecting area,

wherein a defined, force-conducting load path profile, which is configured to be elevated and/or recessed in relation to an
adjacent surface area of the cross member, is provided on the cross member and extends from the longitudinal member supporting
area in a direction of or up to the at least one member component and forms a defined load path area on a cross member side.

US Pat. No. 9,650,013

PEDESTRIAN PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A pedestrian protection system for a vehicle, the system comprising:
at least one impact-detecting sensor;
a deformation element, the impact-detecting sensor and the deformation element are arranged between a crossmember and a bumper
cover of the vehicle; and

a control unit analyzing signals from the at least one sensor, wherein the deformation element is configured as a deformable
body with a cavity in which the at least one sensor is arranged and wherein the control unit detects a deformation of a structural
profile of the deformable body from changes in an electromagnetic field in the cavity,

wherein the deformation element is configured as a metallic cage.

US Pat. No. 9,086,473

ARRANGEMENT ON A COMPONENT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An arrangement on a component of a motor vehicle, the arrangement comprising:
a sensor with a substantially planar end surface;
a sealing ring encircling the sensor; and
a support element for maintaining the spacing of the sensor in an axial direction relative to the component,
wherein the sensor with the sealing ring extends into a cutout of the component such that the end surface of the sensor and
an outer side of the component substantially lie in a same plane,

wherein the sealing ring has a ring element that lies to an outside in a radial direction and has at least two cutouts distributed
over a circumference, and

wherein an end side of the ring element lies against an inner side of the component.

US Pat. No. 9,846,225

ULTRASONIC SENSOR DEVICE HAVING A STIFFENING UNIT, ASSEMBLY, MOTOR VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ASSEMBLY

Valeo Schalter und Sensor...

1. An ultrasonic sensor device for a motor vehicle, comprising an ultrasonic sensor, which comprises a membrane for emitting
and/or receiving ultrasonic waves, and comprising a stiffening unit for attachment to a trim element of the motor vehicle
and for stiffening the trim element, wherein the stiffening unit has a through-opening for the membrane of the ultrasonic
sensor,
characterized in that
the stiffening unit has at least two separate stiffening elements, which are configured for attachment to the trim element
and for stiffening the trim element, wherein at least two stiffening elements are formed from different materials.

US Pat. No. 9,497,608

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRIGGERING AN EMERGENCY CALL IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. An apparatus for triggering an emergency call in a motor vehicle, the apparatus comprising:
at least one module for setting up communication with an off-vehicle device, the module being assigned to at least one evaluation
device, the module automatically making an emergency call when at least one predefined state or event is detected; and

an emergency call button assigned and connected to the module via at least one connecting line,
wherein the module checks the at least one connecting line,
wherein the module automatically makes the emergency call when a defect in the at least one connecting line is detected,
wherein the emergency call button is placed in a roof module of the motor vehicle,
wherein the at least one connecting line is run through or on an A-pillar of the motor vehicle,
wherein a vehicle speed signal is supplied to the module, and
wherein the automatic emergency call is made only at a vehicle speed above a minimum speed.

US Pat. No. 9,255,635

FASTENING DEVICE ON THE UNDERBODY OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A fastening device on an underbody of a motor vehicle via which a shifting device is adapted to be fastened to the underbody,
wherein the shifting device comprises a floor shift protruding into a vehicle interior and is covered by a central console,
which has at least one retaining element and is fixedly connected to the underbody via the at least one retaining element,
the retaining element having a first end and a second end, the fastening device comprising:
a damping cap, which is configured to cover the shifting device, the damping cap including a through-passage for the floor
shift and at least one receiver for receiving the first end of the retaining element of the central console,

wherein the damping cap is configured to be fixedly attached to the underbody by a fastener, and
wherein the retaining element is configured to be separately fastened directly to the receiver of the damping cap at the first
end and directly to the central console at the second end, thereby the central console being fixedly connected to the underbody
by the interposition of the damping cap.

US Pat. No. 9,511,324

METHOD FOR OPERATING A REDUCTANT METERING PROCESS OF AN SCR CATALYTIC CONVERTER SYSTEM, AND CORRESPONDING SCR CATALYTIC CONVERTER SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for carrying out a reductant metering process of an SCR catalytic converter system of an internal combustion engine,
wherein the SCR catalytic converter system has a first SCR exhaust-gas treatment unit, an SCR catalytic converter located
downstream from the first SCR exhaust-gas treatment unit, and a reductant metering device for metering a reductant into the
exhaust-gas stream upstream from the first SCR exhaust-gas treatment unit, whereby the reductant metering process is controlled
at least as a function of the temperature of the first SCR exhaust-gas treatment unit and of the downstream SCR catalytic
converter, whereby

if the temperature of the first SCR exhaust-gas treatment unit is higher than or equal to a first prescribed minimum temperature
as defined as T_SPF_min and if the temperature of the downstream SCR catalytic converter is lower than a second prescribed
minimum temperature as defined as T_SCR_min, the reductant metering process takes place in a first mode of operation in such
a way that the reductant filling level of the first SCR exhaust-gas treatment unit is lower than its maximum reductant filling
level, and

if the temperature of the downstream SCR catalytic converter is higher than or equal to T_SCR_min, the reductant metering
process takes place in a second mode of operation in such a way that the reductant filling level of the first SCR exhaust-gas
treatment unit is higher than its maximum reductant filling level, so that a reductant breakthrough that is passing the first
SCR exhaust-gas treatment unit reaches the downstream SCR catalytic converter.

US Pat. No. 9,458,752

HEAT EXCHANGE DEVICE AND DRIVE UNIT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A heat exchange device having:
a first media channel for a first medium,
a second media channel for a second medium,
a third media channel for a transfer medium arranged in a first section of the heat exchange device between the first media
channel and the second media channel, so that, in said first section, a heat transfer from the first medium to the second
medium takes place via the transfer medium, whereas, in a second section, a heat transfer from the first medium to the second
medium takes place directly, and

a plurality of plates,
wherein:
the first medium is provided as an exothermic medium, and the second medium is provided as an endothermic medium,
each of the second media channel and the third media channel is formed in one of the plurality of plates, and
the plate that forms the third media channel is smaller than the plate that forms the second media channel, so that, in said
first section of the heat exchange device, the exothermic medium flows around the plate that forms the third media channel
and, in said second section, the exothermic medium flows around the plate that forms the second media channel.

US Pat. No. 9,387,757

HYBRID DRIVE CONFIGURATION FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A hybrid drive configuration for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a transmission housing;
a first and a second electric machine each having a rotor and each having a stator fixedly connected to said transmission
housing, said first and said second electric machine each being operable both in a motor mode and in a generator mode and,
by way of power electronics, being connectable to one another and to an electrical energy store;

an input shaft, which is connectable to an internal combustion engine, and an output shaft, which is connectable to a drivetrain
output section;

a first brake and a second brake;
a first clutch and a second clutch;
a first planetary gear set having a sun gear, a web, and an internal gear, said sun gear of said first planetary gear set
being connected to said rotor of said second electric machine, said web of said first planetary gear set being connected to
said output shaft, and said internal gear of said first planetary gear set being coupled by way of said first brake to said
transmission housing;

a second planetary gear set having a sun gear, a web, and an internal gear, said sun gear of said second planetary gear set
being both coupled by way of said first clutch to said internal gear of said first planetary gear set and connected to said
rotor of said first electric machine, said web of said second planetary gear set being coupled by way of said second clutch
to said web of said first planetary gear set, and said internal gear of said second planetary gear set being connected to
said input shaft; and

a third planetary gear set having a sun gear, a web, and an internal gear, said web of said third planetary gear set being
connected to said input shaft, wherein

either said sun gear of said third planetary gear set or said internal gear of said third planetary gear set is connected
to said rotor of said first electric machine, and

correspondingly either said internal gear of said third planetary gear or said sun gear of said third planetary gear set is
coupled by way of said second brake to said transmission housing,

or
said sun gear of said third planetary gear set is coupled by way of said second brake to said transmission housing, wherein
either said web of said third planetary gear set or said internal gear of said third planetary gear set is connected to said
input shaft, and

correspondingly either said internal gear of said third planetary gear set or said web of said third planetary gear set is
connected to said web of said second planetary gear set.

US Pat. No. 9,211,842

CARGO FLOOR FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A cargo floor for a vehicle comprising:
a first section;
at least one second section that is arranged behind the first section in a direction of travel of the vehicle, the second
section being connected to the first section in an articulated manner and pivotable about an axis; and

a closure member, wherein at least one part of the cargo floor is releasably fastened via the closure member to the vehicle,
wherein the cargo floor in an unlocked state of the closure member is removable from the vehicle,
wherein the first section and the second section in a fastened state are arranged in a same plane, and
wherein the first section of the cargo floor is lockable via the closure member.

US Pat. No. 9,175,650

HIGH-PRESSURE FUEL PUMP FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH DIRECT INJECTION

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. In an internal combustion engine with at least one combustion chamber and direct injection of fuel into the at least one
combustion chamber, a high-pressure fuel pump comprising:
a low-pressure connection for low-pressure fuel, said low-pressure connection being configured to supply low-pressure fuel
to the high-pressure fuel pump;

a low-pressure fuel supply chamber;
a pump element;
a high-pressure connection for discharging fuel from the high-pressure fuel pump;
a medium-pressure fuel supply chamber;
a medium-pressure fuel connection for supplying medium-pressure fuel to the high-pressure fuel pump, said medium-pressure
fuel connection opening into said medium-pressure fuel supply chamber;

a fuel switching valve disposed downstream of said low-pressure fuel supply chamber, said fuel switching valve selectively
connecting one of said low-pressure fuel supply chamber and said medium-pressure fuel supply chamber in a fluid-conducting
manner to said pump element;

said low-pressure connection, said low-pressure fuel supply chamber, said fuel switching valve, said pump element, and said
high-pressure connection being provided in succession in a fuel flow direction;

a pump housing with a cover;
said low-pressure fuel supply chamber, said medium-pressure fuel supply chamber, said pump element, and said fuel switching
valve being disposed in said pump housing; and

said low-pressure fuel supply chamber, said medium-pressure fuel supply chamber, said pump element, said fuel switching valve,
said low-pressure connection, said high-pressure connection, and said medium-pressure fuel connection together forming a unified
device.

US Pat. No. 9,062,580

EXHAUST GAS SYSTEM WITH HC ADSORBER AND PARALLEL CATALYTIC CONVERTER, AND VEHICLE COMPRISING SUCH AN EXHAUST GAS SYSTEM

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. An exhaust gas system for an internal combustion engine comprising:
an exhaust gas path comprising two parallel exhaust gas lines, namely a main line and an auxiliary line, which open into a
shared exhaust gas line;

an adsorber arranged in the auxiliary line, said adsorber being configured for reversible sorption of unburnt hydrocarbons
and/or nitrogen oxides (NOx), wherein the exhaust gas system has no inner pipe supporting the adsorber;

an adjusting means configured to selectively guide an exhaust gas flow into the main line and/or into the auxiliary line;
a main catalytic converter situated downstream from the two parallel exhaust gas lines, said main catalytic converter located
in the shared exhaust gas line, and

a gas-permeable element having a plurality of through openings configured to conduct the exhaust gas flow, said gas-permeable
element arranged upstream from the adsorber and configured to separate the auxiliary line other areas conducting the exhaust
gas flow, wherein the gas-permeable element has a tubular shape and has a downstream end, said downstream end being located
at an inlet opening of an inner one of the two parallel exhaust gas lines.

US Pat. No. 9,597,983

ARRANGEMENT FOR A VEHICLE INTERIOR, MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An arrangement for a vehicle interior, the arrangement comprising:
at least one first seat disposed on a plate that is rotatably supported on a floor of the vehicle interior;
at least one second seat disposed in the vehicle interior behind the at least one first seat; and
at least one movably supported console that is movable along a rail disposed on the floor of the vehicle, the rail comprising:
a first section disposed between the plate and a front of the vehicle interior;
a second section disposed on the plate; and
a third section extending from the plate to an area between the at least one first seat and the at least one second seat,
wherein the second section is separable from the first section and the third section.

US Pat. No. 9,388,623

CLOSING DEVICE FOR A VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A CLOSING DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for operating a closing device of a vehicle, the method comprising:
providing the closing device that includes an element that is movable along a path, a drive, an operating element for detecting
a closing request and a detector for detecting a position of an ID transmitter assigned to the vehicle;

moving the movable element via the drive along the path; and
initiating a closing movement of the movable element via the drive based on:
detecting an actuation of the operating element and starting a time window t upon actuation of the operating element;
detecting whether the ID transmitter assigned to the vehicle is in a first position region within the time window t after
the actuation of the operating element; and

determining if the ID transmitter assigned to the vehicle is not detected in the first position region for at least a time
duration s which begins within the time window t, after being detected in the first position region within the time window
t.

US Pat. No. 9,272,618

MISFUELLING PREVENTION DEVICE FOR A FILLER NECK OF A FUEL TANK

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A misfuelling prevention device for a filler neck of a fuel tank, comprising:
a tubular element with an inflow side and an outflow side;
a closure element that is mounted on the outflow side of the tubular element, the closure element, in an open state, permits
a flow of fuel through the outflow side of the tubular element, and, in a closed state, the closure element obstructs a flow
of fuel through the outflow side of the tubular element;

a tubular actuating element that is arranged coaxially within the tubular element so as to be movable in a longitudinal direction
of the tubular element, the tubular actuating element being configured to move the closure element into the opened state as
a result of actuation by a discharge pipe of a fuel pump nozzle that is inserted into the tubular element; and

a tubular locking element that is arranged coaxially within the tubular actuating element and has a smaller outside diameter
than an inside diameter of the discharge pipe of the fuel pump nozzle,

wherein the tubular element includes a lateral surface in which is formed at least one opening that permits a flow of fuel
from an inside of the tubular element to an outside of the tubular element,

wherein the tubular element is mountable in the filler neck of the fuel tank such that at least a portion of the lateral surface
of the tubular element in which the at least one opening is formed is spaced apart from an inner surface of the filler neck
such that fuel flowing through the at least one opening is adapted to flow through the filler neck into the fuel tank,

wherein the tubular actuating element includes a lateral surface in which is formed at least one opening that permits a flow
of fuel from an inside of the tubular actuating element to an outside of the tubular actuating element, and

wherein the tubular locking element is attached to the tubular actuating element and the tubular locking element is movable
in the longitudinal direction of the tubular element.

US Pat. No. 9,145,175

VEHICLE BODY

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A vehicle body comprising:
a bottom sillboard having a hollow space, a sillboard longitudinal axis (S), an inner profile part and an outer profile part,
each profile part having an upper flange connection and a lower flange connection, wherein said inner profile part and said
outer profile part are joined together by said upper and lower flange connections as viewed in a vehicle vertical direction
(z);

a body pillar element having a pillar base attached to the bottom sillboard, said pillar base having a first support profile
and a second support profile,

wherein, in the event of a side collision (FA), said pillar base is supported by the first support profile against the upper flange connection of the bottom sillboard
and by the second support profile against a sillboard outer wall between the upper and lower flange connections; and

a force transmission element arranged in a first portion of the hollow space of the bottom sillboard above the sillboard longitudinal
axis (S) such that a second portion of the hollow space below the axis (S) remains hollow,

wherein, in the event of a side collision (FA), the force transmission element provides a force path (L2) between the second support profile and a sillboard inner wall;

wherein the bottom sillboard is configured to flex in such a way that, in the event of a side collision (FA), a torsion (T) of the bottom sillboard occurs about the sillboard longitudinal axis (S) under an inward displacement of
the pillar base in a vehicle transverse direction (y); and

wherein the force path (L2) provided by the force transmission element is arranged above the sillboard axis (S) as viewed in the vehicle vertical direction
(z).

US Pat. No. 9,481,341

SAFETY BELT ARRANGEMENT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A seat-belt configuration for a vehicle comprising
a seat belt having
a shoulder-belt portion,
a lap-belt portion having an anchorage point (A) disposed towards an outside of the vehicle in a vehicle transverse direction
(y), and

a belt deflector at the anchorage point configured to route the lap-belt portion to a seat-belt tensioning device located
in an area of a doorsill,

wherein the doorsill has a profiled retaining section bearing a sill trim strip enclosing an entry area,
wherein the profiled retaining section delimits the installation space for the seat-belt tensioning device by a vertical bounding
wall, which is spaced away from the doorsill by a transverse offset (?y), and by a horizontal bounding wall that is spaced
away from the floor assembly by a height offset (?z),

wherein, at an inner side thereof, the vertical bounding wall in the vehicle transverse direction (y) has a contact face for
a floor covering of the floor assembly,

wherein a sill trim strip merges inwardly in the vehicle transverse direction (y) into a retaining segment that extends around
a transition edge and the vertical bounding wall at a distance (a), thereby forming an insertion groove into which is placed
an edge of the floor covering, and

wherein the seat belt tensioning device is located in an installation space formed between the profiled retaining section
and a subjacent vehicle floor assembly of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,395,440

OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An optical distance measuring device comprising:
a pulsed radiation source implemented to transmit, in a temporally contiguous radiation pulse period, a radiation pulse with
a pulse duration that is shorter than the radiation pulse period, and to transmit no radiation pulse in a temporally contiguous
dark period;

a detector for detecting different amounts of radiation in, starting in, a phase-locked manner with the radiation pulse, two
overlapping detection periods during the radiation pulse period to capture reflections of the radiation pulse at a surface
of an object and a background radiation and in two detection periods during the dark period to capture a background radiation;
and

an evaluator determining a signal depending on a distance of the optical distance measuring device to the object, based on
the detected amounts of radiation by determining processed signals from the different amount of radiations detected in the
two overlapping detection periods during the radiation pulse period, and from the different amount of radiations detected
in the two detection periods during the dark period.

US Pat. No. 9,341,245

FRICTION ROLLER PLANETARY GEARING AND SPEED-CHANGING AND DIFFERENTIAL GEARING

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A friction roller planetary gearing, comprising:
a housing;
a sun shaft having a first and a second sun disposed thereon, said first and said second sun being configured as respective
friction rollers and being axially displaceable with respect to one another, at least one of said first and said second sun
being connected for conjoint rotation to said sun shaft;

a planet carrier;
a first annulus connected to said housing in a manner fixed against rotation relative thereto, said first annulus being configured
as a friction ring;

a plurality of stepped planets rotatably supported on said planet carrier, said stepped planets being configured as friction
rollers and each having a pair of contact surfaces of a relatively smaller diameter and a pair of contact surfaces of a relatively
larger diameter, said planets each rolling on said suns by using an associated one of said pairs of contact surfaces and rolling
on said first annulus by using at least one of said contact surfaces of a respective other one of said pairs of said contact
surfaces;

a second annulus configured as a friction ring, said second annulus being disposed to be axially displaceable relative to
said first annulus such that said planets roll on said first and on said second annulus by using a respective associated one
of said pairs of contact surfaces of said planets;

a first torque-dependent axial displacement device controlling a contact pressure between said suns and associated ones of
said contact surfaces of said planets by using a torque-dependent axial displacement of at least one of said suns; and

a second torque-dependent axial displacement device controlling a contact pressure between said annuluses and associated ones
of said contact surfaces of said planets by using a torque-dependent axial displacement of at least one of said annuluses.

US Pat. No. 9,593,617

METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING AN EXHAUST GAS CATALYTIC CONVERTER, DIAGNOSIS DEVICE AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING SUCH A DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for diagnosing an exhaust-gas catalytic converter configured to catalytically convert at least one exhaust-gas
component, the catalytic converter being arranged in an exhaust-gas system of an internal combustion engine having an engine
control unit and an exhaust-gas recirculation system configured to withdraw a partial stream of exhaust gas downstream from
the exhaust-gas catalytic converter and to feed the partial stream into combustion air of the internal combustion engine,
said engine control unit configured to implement the method, the method comprising:
determining a momentary raw emission (NOx—raw) of the internal combustion engine in terms of an exhaust-gas component;

measuring a momentary concentration of the exhaust-gas component (NOx—meas) in the exhaust gas upstream from the exhaust-gas catalytic converter; and

determining a diagnostic value of the exhaust-gas catalytic converter in terms of the conversion of the exhaust-gas component
as a function of a modeled raw emission (NOx—raw) of the internal combustion engine and of the measured concentration of the exhaust-gas component (NOx—meas).

US Pat. No. 9,340,101

TRANSMISSION ARRANGEMENT AND DRIVE TRAIN FOR A HYBRID VEHICLE, AND HYBRID VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A transmission arrangement for a hybrid vehicle, comprising:
a transmission housing;
an electric machine provided in said transmission housing, said electric machine having a stator fixed relative to said transmission
housing and a rotatably mounted rotor;

an electric-motor input shaft connected to said rotor;
an internal-combustion-engine input shaft;
an output shaft;
a Ravigneaux gear set having a carrier, a set of long planets, a set of short planets, a ring gear, a first sun, and a second
sun, said set of long planets and said set of short planets being mounted rotatably on said carrier, said short planets meshing
with said long planets, said ring gear meshing with said short planets and being connected to said output shaft, said first
sun meshing with said short planets and being connected to said electric-motor input shaft, said second sun meshing with said
long planets;

a brake, said carrier being fixable on said transmission housing by said brake; and
a shiftable clutch arrangement, said carrier, said second sun and said internal-combustion-engine input shaft being selectively
couplable to one another in a torque-transmitting manner by said shiftable clutch arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,294,459

METHOD FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for a motor vehicle, the method comprising:
providing a communication connection between the vehicle and a server that is outside of the vehicle;
transmitting user authentication information from a user of the vehicle to the server, the user authentication information
comprising information for a unique identification of the user;

retrieving a user profile associated with the user authentication information stored in the server;
acquiring driving environment information of the vehicle in the server;
executing an application on the server based on the user profile and the acquired driving environment information;
transmitting output information of the application from the server to the vehicle; and
automatically changing a driving mode of the vehicle based on the output information received from the server.

US Pat. No. 9,267,416

EXHAUST PURIFICATION DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. An exhaust-gas treatment device, comprising:
an outer tube configured to convey a flow of exhaust-gas;
an inner tube arranged in a first section of the outer tube, said inner tube dividing an interior of the first section into
a central flow path and a peripheral flow path,

wherein a first exhaust-gas treatment means is arranged in the peripheral flow path;
an actuator configured to selectively convey the flow of exhaust-gas through the central flow path and/or through the peripheral
flow path, the actuator comprising an exhaust-gas flap mounted in the inner tube;

a second exhaust-gas treatment means arranged in a second section of the outer tube downstream from the first section; and
a flow means located at a downstream end of the inner tube, said flow means comprising:
a vane having a first end adjoining the outer tube downstream from the first exhaust gas treatment means that narrows the
flow cross section,

a plurality of passage openings in the downstream end of the inner tube and
a diffuser adjoining the vane that widens the flow cross section,
wherein the inner tube has a constriction in the area of the plurality of passage openings that narrows the inner tube flow
cross section and

wherein the inner tube flow cross section widens downstream of the constriction.

US Pat. No. 9,810,603

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING GLOW IGNITION OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for detecting a glow ignition of a fuel-air mixture in a cylinder chamber of an internal combustion engine having
control unit, a first cylinder and at least one additional cylinder, the first cylinder and the at least one additional cylinder
being connected to a crankshaft, said method comprising the steps of:
measuring, via the control unit, subsegment times of the first cylinder;
measuring, via the control unit, subsegment times of the at least one additional cylinder;
comparing, via the control unit, the subsegment times of the first cylinder to the subsegment times of the at least one additional
cylinder, thereby forming a reference characteristic for the glow ignition as a function of the comparison; and

subsequently generating, via the control unit, a signal based upon said reference characteristic, said signal corresponding
to a detection of the glow ignition.

US Pat. No. 9,416,708

METHOD FOR DETERMINING HC-CONVERSION EFFICIENCY OF A CATALYST, A DIAGNOSTIC DEVICE CONFIGURED TO CARRY OUT THE METHOD AS WELL AS A MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING SUCH A CATALYST

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method to determine an HC-conversion efficiency of a catalyst, wherein said catalyst is situated in an exhaust gas flow
path of an internal combustion engine and is configured to convert hydrocarbons (HC) in exhaust gas, said efficiency being
determined via a first oxygen-sensitive sensor having a cross sensitivity to hydrocarbons and being installed downstream from
the catalyst in the exhaust gas flow path, and a second such oxygen-sensitive sensor installed upstream from the catalyst,
said method comprising the steps of:
using the downstream sensor, detecting a first signal (?2(t1)) at a first point in time (t1), wherein the exhaust gas upstream from the catalyst comprises a first HC fraction;

using the downstream sensor, detecting a second signal (?2(t2)) at a second point in time (t2), wherein the exhaust gas upstream from the catalyst comprises a second HC fraction that is higher than the first HC fraction;

using the upstream sensor, detecting a first signal (?1(t1)) at the first point in time and a second signal (?1(t2)) at the second point in time (t2),

forming a first differential signal (??(t1)) between the first signal (?2(t1)) of the downstream sensor and the first signal (?1(t1)) of the upstream sensor,

forming a second differential signal (??(t2)) between the second signal (?2(t2)) of the downstream sensor and the second signal (?1(t2)) of the upstream sensor, and

determining the HC-conversion efficiency of the catalyst as a function of the first and second differential signals (??(t1), (??(t2)), and

providing an indication if the HC-conversion efficiency is below a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 9,342,092

METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE WITH AN AUTOMATIC DRIVING MODE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for operating a vehicle that is operable in a manual driving mode and in an automatic driving mode and has at
least one foot actuation device, which in the manual driving mode projects from a plane of a resting surface and actuated
by a vehicle driver, the method comprising:
detecting a switch from the manual driving mode to the automatic driving mode; and
moving the at least one foot actuation device and/or the resting surface relative to one another such that in the automatic
driving mode, the at least one foot actuation device and the resting surface form a substantially continuous plane or the
resting surface forms the substantially continuous plane and the foot actuation device is covered by the plane of the resting
surface,

wherein the substantially continuous plane forms an obtuse angle relative to a floor of a legroom section of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,567,887

EXHAUST GAS AFTERTREATMENT COMPONENT WITH AN HC ADSORBER FUNCTION AND EXHAUST GAS SYSTEM INCLUDING SUCH AN EXHAUST GAS AFTERTREATMENT COMPONENT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

13. A vehicle comprising:
an internal combustion engine;
an exhaust gas system connected to said internal combustion engine, said exhaust gas system including an exhaust gas aftertreatment
component;

said exhaust gas aftertreatment component including a ceramic carrier body with a plurality of axial flow channels, said carrier
body being a one-piece carrier body, said carrier body having an inner region and an outer region, said outer region radially
surrounding said inner region;

said carrier body having a cell density in said inner region and having a cell density in said outer region, said cell density
in said inner region of said carrier body being smaller than said cell density in said outer region of said carrier body,
wherein a ratio of said cell density in said outer region to said cell density in said inner region is an integer selected
from the group consisting of 6, 8, 9, and 12;

at least said outer region of said carrier body having a coating, said coating of said outer region having an HC adsorber
function for a reversible adsorption of unburnt hydrocarbons; and

said outer region being configured as a wall-flow filter such that said outer region further has a particulate filter function.

US Pat. No. 9,592,736

CONTROLLING A LOCKING DEVICE OF AN ELECTRIC CHARGING PORT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for controlling a locking device of an electric charging port of a vehicle, the vehicle comprising an entry system
to unlock the vehicle without an active operation of a vehicle key, the method comprising:
detecting presence information of the vehicle key in a vicinity of the vehicle;
detecting a state of charge that indicates whether a charging process is currently taking place via the charging port; and
activating the locking device depending on the presence information and state of charge.

US Pat. No. 9,340,102

HYBRID DRIVE CONFIGURATION FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A hybrid drive configuration for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a transmission housing;
a first and a second electric machine each having a rotor and each having a stator connected fixedly to said transmission
housing, said first and said second electric machine each being operable both in a motor mode and in a generator mode and,
via power electronics, being connectable to one another and to an electric energy store;

an input shaft, which is connectable to an internal combustion engine, and an output shaft, which is connectable to an output
train;

a first brake and a second brake;
a first clutch and a second clutch;
a first planetary set having a sun, a carrier, and an internal gear, said sun of said first planetary set being connected
to said rotor of said second electric machine, said carrier of said first planetary set being connected to said output shaft,
and said internal gear of said first planetary set being coupled via said first brake to said transmission housing;

a second planetary set configured as a Ravigneaux set and having a carrier, a first sun, a second sun, long planets, and short
planets;

said first sun of said second planetary set meshing with said long planets and being firstly connected to said rotor of said
first electric machine and secondly coupled via said first clutch to said internal gear of said first planetary set;

said second sun of said second planetary set meshing with said short planets and being coupled via said second brake to said
transmission housing;

said carrier of said second planetary set being coupled via said second clutch to said carrier of said first planetary set;
and

said internal gear of said second planetary set being connected to said input shaft.

US Pat. No. 9,188,036

EXHAUST SYSTEM WITH HC ADSORBER AND PARALLEL EXHAUST-GAS CATALYTIC CONVERTER, AND VEHICLE HAVING AN EXHAUST SYSTEM OF SAID TYPE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An exhaust system for an internal combustion engine comprising:
an exhaust gas path comprising two parallel exhaust ducts, namely a main duct and a secondary duct, at least in some of its
sections,

a setting means configured to selectively conduct an exhaust gas flow into the main duct or the secondary duct,
a HC adsorber provided in the secondary duct for reversible adsorption of unburned hydrocarbons (HC),
a bypass catalytic converter provided in the main duct for converting at least one exhaust gas component,
a main catalytic converter located in a common exhaust duct downstream of the two parallel exhaust ducts, and
a junction section of the secondary duct comprising at least one inlet opening configured to increase the exhaust gas back
pressure in the secondary duct causing at least a major portion of the exhaust gas flow to flow through the main duct when
the setting means is in an open position in which both the main duct and the secondary duct are open, and

wherein the bypass catalytic converter and the main catalytic converter are adapted to force the exhaust gas flow to flow
in an upstream to downstream direction in both the main duct and secondary duct when the setting means is in the open position.

US Pat. No. 9,590,809

METHOD FOR OPERATING A MOBILE DEVICE BY MEANS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for displaying information and operating a mobile device not assigned to a motor vehicle via an electronic unit
in a motor vehicle, the motor vehicle electronic unit having a display and an operating device of a motor vehicle, the method
comprising:
storing, on the mobile device, a program executable on the mobile device, wherein the program comprises user interface program
parts to provide a user interface for operating processes of the program, the user interface having fixed areas for displaying
variable contents;

storing, on the mobile device, a digital certificate, which is assigned to the user interface program parts;
transmitting the user interface program parts, with the at least one certificate assigned to the program parts, from the mobile
device to the electronic unit of the motor vehicle;

receiving and storing the user interface program parts and the at least one certificate assigned to the program parts at the
motor vehicle electronic unit;

transmitting program data to the motor vehicle electronic unit from a vehicle bus and the mobile device;
receiving and storing the program data at the motor vehicle electronic unit, wherein the user interface program parts in the
motor vehicle electronic unit receive and process the program data received from the vehicle bus;

verifying the user interface program parts received and stored in the motor vehicle electronic unit based on verification
of validity of the transmitted at least one digital certificate in the motor vehicle electronic unit;

establishing access to the program data by the user interface program parts in response to verification of the user interface
program parts in the motor vehicle electronic unit;

executing the user interface program parts transmitted from the mobile device in the motor vehicle electronic unit in response
to verification of the user interface program parts in the motor vehicle electronic unit; and

displaying, on the motor vehicle electronic unit display, the variable contents in the fixed areas of the user interface for
operating processes of the program executable on the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 9,555,835

BODY STRUCTURE, IN PARTICULAR FLOOR STRUCTURE, FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A body structure for a vehicle comprising:
vehicle components configured to create a defined load path in rear-end collision situations, said vehicle components comprising:
a rear longitudinal chassis beam situated on each of two opposing sides of the vehicle, said longitudinal chassis beam being
connected, directly or indirectly, to a longitudinal chassis beam section situated on a passenger compartment side of the
vehicle,

a skirt component situated on each of the two opposing sides of the vehicle,
a rear cross beam that runs in a direction of a crosswise axis of the vehicle, relative to a lengthwise direction of the vehicle,
and

a heel plate that runs in the direction of the crosswise axis of the vehicle,
wherein each of said rear longitudinal chassis beam, skirt component, rear cross beam and heel plate are made of a high-strength
hot formed and/or press-hardened material, and

wherein said vehicle components are configured to divide and dissipate rear-end collision forces introduced via the rear cross
beam and via the heel plate onto the skirt component and onto the longitudinal chassis beam section.

US Pat. No. 9,340,171

DEFORMATION ELEMENT, IN PARTICULAR FOR BUMPERS ON MOTOR VEHICLES

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A deformation element for a bumper cross member of a motor vehicle, comprising:
at least one inner material layer made of a fiber-reinforced plastic having a fiber fabric embedded in a bedding material,
wherein the at least one material layer comprises at least two outer material layers arranged on both sides of the at least
one inner material layer, thereby forming a three layer structure, wherein the at least two outer material layers and the
at least one inner material layer are made of said fiber-reinforced plastic,

at least one predetermined breaking point, at which in the event of a crash the deformation element breaks apart into at least
one displaceable breaking segment facing the crash that is displaced over the course of the crash, and one fixed breaking
segment facing away from the crash,

wherein, at the at least one predetermined breaking point, a section of the fiber fabric is exposed between respective breaking
segments after the deformation element breaks apart and connects the breaking segments to each other.

US Pat. No. 9,333,852

MISFUELLING PREVENTION DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A misfuelling prevention device comprising:
a tubular element configured to be inserted into a filler neck of a fuel tank;
an elongated support element arranged inside the tubular element, a first end of the elongated support element being coupled
to the tubular element and a second end of the elongated support element and a central section of the elongated support element
being arranged such that they are spaced apart from an inner surface of the tubular element; and

a blocking element arranged at the second end of the elongated support element, the blocking element being a plate with a
surface of the plate being arranged perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the elongated support element,

wherein the plate of the blocking element has a circumference that is a sector of a circle with an arc and a straight side
that connects one end of the arc and another end of the arc, and

wherein the elongated support element includes a wide plate section and a narrow plate section extending perpendicularly from
the wide plate section, thereby forming a T-shaped cross section in a plan perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of
the elongated support element, and

wherein at the second end of the elongated support element, the wide plate section of the elongated support element is attached
to the straight side of the blocking element, and the narrow plate section extends from the wide plate section to a center
of the arc of the blocking element.

US Pat. No. 9,613,606

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING AT LEAST ONE SOUND-GENERATING SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING AN ARTIFICIAL ENGINE NOISE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A motor vehicle comprising:
at least one sound-generating system for generating an artificial engine noise, which has at least one electrically controllable
vibration exciter;

a component that is acoustically and/or vibrationally decoupled from a body of the motor vehicle, the vibration exciter being
fastened to the component; and

a retaining device to retain the component on the motor vehicle, the retaining device substantially covering the component.

US Pat. No. 9,840,228

METHOD FOR ACTIVATING OR DEACTIVATING FUNCTIONS AND DEVICE FOR INFLUENCING FUNCTIONS IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for activating or deactivating functions in a motor vehicle, the method comprising:
inputting a control signal for activating or deactivating at least one function through at least one interface, wherein at
least one function comprises timer programming and/or at least one function is activated or deactivated by remote control
from outside the motor vehicle through a communications interface; and

inputting at least one control command through the at least one interface, wherein, the control command disables an activation
or deactivation of the function through the timer programming and/or through the communications interface,

wherein a module is stored in the motor vehicle and/or in a vehicle diagnostic system, the module identifying the functions
with timer programming and/or the functions that are activated through the communications interface.

US Pat. No. 9,598,039

INSTRUMENT PANEL FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An instrument panel for a vehicle, comprising:
an instrument panel upper part;
a frame basic body that is mountable on a transverse mounting bar of the vehicle, the frame basic body has receptacles for
receiving functional elements and delimits at least one air channel of a vehicle ventilation system extending in a transverse
direction of the vehicle along a windshield;

an airbag assembly integrated on a passenger side of the instrument panel, which has a firing channel reaching to the instrument
panel upper part and an airbag module mounted on firing channel walls, the airbag module having two housing flanges; and

at least one supporting section provided on the frame basic body to which the firing channel walls are supported,
wherein a first firing channel wall is adapted to be brought into contact with a first supporting section of the frame basic
body in a loose and/or vibration free manner with a linear contact, and

wherein a second and a third firing channel wall, at ends facing away from the instrument panel upper part, each merge into
at least one outwardly angled mounting leg to which a respective one of the housing flanges of the airbag module is attached
via a connection or a threaded connection.

US Pat. No. 9,487,138

METHOD FOR OUTPUTTING ALERT MESSAGES OF A DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND ASSOCIATED DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for outputting alert messages of a driver assistance system in a vehicle, the method comprising:
acquiring data on a movement of the vehicle and data on accident risks in surroundings of the vehicle;
evaluating the acquired data;
assigning the evaluated data to a specific accident risk category;
outputting an alert message for each accident risk in each assigned accident risk category;
deriving a planned movement of the vehicle from the detected movement of the vehicle; and
checking whether a collision of the vehicle with another object will occur without a change in the planned movement of the
vehicle,

wherein the manner of outputting the alert message is modified based on the result of the collision check.

US Pat. No. 9,790,912

GLOW TIME CONTROL DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A glow control unit for actuating glow pencils in a motor vehicle, comprising:
a control unit having a control output for emitting a control signal,
a supply-voltage input, and
a supply-voltage output, whereby the control unit is configured to provide an output voltage at the supply-voltage output
as a function of the voltage at the supply-voltage input;

at least two power transistors, each of which is associated with a glow pencil control output and whose control inputs are
coupled to the control output of the control unit; and

a protective circuit having a protective circuit output that is coupled to the control inputs of the at least two power transistors,
and having an input that is coupled to the supply-voltage output of the control unit,

whereby the protective circuit is configured to set a prescribed potential at the protective circuit output if the output
voltage of the control unit is below a prescribed value.

US Pat. No. 9,533,690

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING VEHICLE PARAMETERS INCLUDING ENERGY SUPPLY AND DISTANCE TRAVELED

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for displaying vehicle parameters, which comprise at least a first and a second parameter, the method comprising:
determining a value of the first parameter and a value of the second parameter;
displaying the value of the first parameter and the value of the second parameter on a display area;
converting a change in the value of the first parameter at least in a first portion to a change into the value of the second
parameter when the value of the first parameter is changed; and

creating a first display element on the display area, via which the conversion of the change in the value of the first parameter
into the change in the value of the second parameter is depicted graphically.

US Pat. No. 9,530,257

METHOD, DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR THE REALIZATION OF AN APPLICATION PROGRAM FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A management unit for a vehicle comprising:
a controller;
a wireless interface acquiring data of the vehicle; and
an additional interface, wherein the management unit is configured to access at least one application program via the additional
interface,

wherein the management unit is configured to receive as an initial registration of a particular application program:
a first type of the data of the vehicle, which the particular application program requires from the management unit to execute
a function, and

a start-up process initiated by the particular application program via which the particular application program is authorized
by the vehicle user, wherein after the start-up process the particular application program is registered and given an authorization
access via a computer-generated key which allows future access to the management unit, and wherein the authorization access
for the particular application program to the data of the vehicle is limited to the first type of the data.

US Pat. No. 9,637,088

VEHICLE ACCESS SYSTEM

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A microprocessor-implemented method for an access system for a vehicle, the method comprising:
detecting and recording a first optical information in a specific area surrounding the vehicle;
identifying an object approaching the vehicle as a function of the recorded first optical information;
detecting and recording a second optical information in the surrounding area as a function of the identification of the object
approaching;

identifying gesture information of the object as a function of the recorded second optical information; and
activating a locking mechanism or a door opening mechanism of the access system as a function of gesture information,
wherein the first optical information is recorded with a first resolution and the second optical information is recorded with
a second resolution, wherein the second resolution is higher than the first resolution.

US Pat. No. 9,669,691

COVERING DEVICE OF A LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A covering device for a storage area of a motor vehicle, the device comprising:
a storage area cover that is flexible at least in sections and that is pullable out of a storage device against a spring force
into a use position, the storage area cover having a longitudinally extending bearing rod on a free end, which extends over
a width of the storage area cover and having a guide element on each of its free ends;

a guide device that has two guide rails extending substantially parallel to each other, in which the guide elements are respectively
guidable; and

at least one locking device for releasably locking the guide elements in the guide rails, the locking device having a latching
protrusion in at least one of the guide rails to which the guide element is latchable against the spring force via a latching
lug, the latching lug being liftable over the latching protrusion for releasing the locking device by tilting the bearing
rod in a first direction via an actuating element,

wherein the guide elements, which are disposed to be tiltable relative to the bearing rod, are assigned at least one lever
device that lifts the latching lug over the latching protrusion when the bearing rod is tilted in a second direction opposite
the first direction.

US Pat. No. 9,631,551

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE INCLUDING A BOOSTER

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:
working cylinders;
a fresh gas line for supplying fresh gas to said working cylinders, said fresh gas line having a charge air section;
a mechanically driven compressor disposed in said charge air section of said fresh gas line;
an air control/shut-off flap disposed in said charge air section such that, in dependence on a position of said air control/shut-off
flap, a gas mass flow in said charge air section flows completely or partially via said mechanically driven compressor or
flows past said mechanically driven compressor;

a bypass duct having an inlet and an outlet, said mechanically driven compressor being integrated in said bypass duct;
said charge air section of said fresh gas line including a charge air section portion, said bypass duct circumventing said
charge air section portion;

said air control/shut-off flap being movable onto a first position closing said charge air section portion upstream of said
outlet of said bypass duct and downstream of said inlet of the bypass duct; and

said air control/shut-off flap being movable into a second position closing said charge air section portion downstream of
said outlet of said bypass duct or upstream of said inlet of said bypass duct.

US Pat. No. 9,181,896

BEARING BUSHING FOR A CONNECTING ROD, COMBINATION OF A CONNECTING ROD AND A BEARING BUSHING, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A bearing bushing (12) for a connecting rod (1) having a small end (2), which has a bearing bore (3), wherein a first region (6) of the bearing bore (3), which in operation is subjected to compressive loading, is longer than a second region (7) of the bearing bore (3), which is subjected to tensile loading, wherein the bearing bushing (12), when unconnected to the connecting rod (1), has a shape matched to a final edge contour (9) of the bearing bore (3), wherein a first region (17) of the bearing bushing (12) is likewise configured to be longer than a second region (18) thereof, wherein the first regions (6, 6?, 17) both of the bearing bore (3) and of the bearing bushing (12) merge into the respective second regions (7, 7?, 18) via a curvated profile (16).

US Pat. No. 9,593,748

TRANSMISSION ASSEMBLY FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A transmission system for a motor vehicle, comprising:
a drive stage configured to be coupled to a drive assembly of the motor vehicle via an input shaft (1),

an output stage connected to the drive stage via a first connecting shaft (CON1) and a second connecting shaft (CON2) and configured to be coupled to an output of the motor vehicle via an output shaft, and

a transmission housing surrounding the drive stage and the output stage, the drive stage comprising:
a first planetary gear set (10) having a first sun gear (101), a first ring gear (102) and a first planet carrier (103) on which a set of first planet gears is rotatably mounted, said set of first planet gears being configured to mesh with
the first sun gear (101) on a first side of the first planet carrier and with the first ring gear (102) on a second side of the first planet carrier,

a second planetary gear set (20) having a second sun gear (201), a second ring gear (202) and a second planet carrier (203) on which a set of second planet gears is rotatably mounted, said set of second planet gears being configured to mesh with
the second sun gear (201) on a first side of the second planet carrier and with the second ring gear (202) on a second side of the second planet carrier, and

a first clutch (K1) and a second clutch K2), each configured to shiftably couple one element of each of the first and second planetary gear sets (10, 20) of the drive stage to each other, and a first brake (B1) and a second brake (B2), each configured to shiftably couple one element of each of the first and second planetary gear sets (10, 20) of the drive stage to the housing,

wherein the output stage comprises:
a Ravigneaux planetary gear set (30) having a first Ravigneaux sun gear (311), a second Ravigneaux sun gear (312), a Ravigneaux ring gear (302) and a Ravigneaux planet carrier (303) on which two sets of Ravigneaux planet gears are rotatably mounted, namely one set of short planet gears (331) and one set of stepped long planet gears (332) having one larger and one smaller long planet stage, wherein one long planet stage meshes with the short planet gears (331), one of the first or second Ravigneaux sun gears (311, 312) meshes with the set of short planet gears (331), and the Ravigneaux ring gear (302) meshes with one of the sets of Ravigneaux planet gears (331, 332), and the other of the Ravigneaux sun gears (312, 311) meshes with the long planet stage that is not meshing with the short planet gears (331),

a third clutch (K3) configured to shiftably couple one element of the Ravigneaux planetary gear set (30) to the second connecting shaft (CON2), and

a third brake (B3) configured to shiftably couple the first Ravigneaux sun gear (311) to the housing.

US Pat. No. 9,683,875

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR A HYBRID VEHICLE HAVING SUCH A DISPLAY DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A display device for a hybrid vehicle having a first drive source and at least one second drive source of a different type
than the first drive source for driving the hybrid vehicle in accordance with a load requirement from a driver, the display
device comprising:
at least one first display component for displaying a value of a load requirement specified by the driver at a specific point
in time, and, when the hybrid vehicle is driven exclusively by the at least one second drive source in a first operating mode
at the specific point in time,

at least one second display component is provided for visualizing a limit of a maximum load requirement available for drawing
by the driver in the first operating mode at this point in time, where exceeding this limit causes the first drive source
for driving the hybrid vehicle to be activated in addition or exclusively;

at least one third display component being activatable with which it is possible to visualize a second operating mode of the
hybrid vehicle in which the maximum load requirement available for drawing by the driver when the hybrid vehicle is driven
exclusively by the at least one second drive source at the specific point in time is increased as compared to the first operating
mode,

wherein the at least one second drive source is electric powered.

US Pat. No. 9,682,664

POCKET AND DOOR, CENTER CONSOLE, ARMREST, OR THE LIKE WITH A POCKET OF THIS TYPE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A pocket that is formed by an open-topped container, the pocket comprising:
at least two receiving compartments formed in the container, the at least two receiving compartments being arranged parallel
to one another in the container, one dimensioned to hold a flat portable electronic video display unit and another one dimensioned
to hold a tablet computer;

at least one additional receiving compartment, extending at an angle transverse to the longitudinal extension of each of the
at least two receiving compartments, is formed in the container, the at least one additional receiving compartment being dimensioned
to accommodate a smartphone; and

at least one elastic pretensioning element arranged in one of the at least two receiving compartments, the at least one elastic
pretension element having a direction of action directed against the flat, portable electronic video display unit or the tablet
computer transverse to an insertion direction of the flat, portable electronic video display unit or the tablet computer in
the one of the at least two receiving compartments,

wherein the at least two receiving compartments are separated from one another by a partition wall.

US Pat. No. 9,669,741

SIDE PANEL OF A VEHICLE SEAT WITH A DEFORMATION ZONE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A vehicle seat comprising:
a seat-mounted cover that includes a side panel; and
at least one predetermined breaking point formed at least in a first region of the side panel in which a high crash force
acts in the event of a crash,

wherein the at least one predetermined breaking point is at least one linear indentation, and
wherein the at least one linear indentation is formed on an inside surface of the side panel, such that the at least one linear
indentation is not visible on an outside surface of the side panel.

US Pat. No. 9,556,820

CYLINDER OF A COMBUSTION ENGINE FOR A VEHICLE AND CORRESPONDING MANUFACTURING METHOD, MEANS FOR MANUFACTURING THE CYLINDER, SPARK PLUG, COMBUSTION ENGINE AND VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. In a combustion engine for a vehicle, a cylinder configuration comprising:
a cylinder including exactly two intake ducts and a spark plug;
said cylinder being formed with a mounting hole having an internal thread for receiving said spark plug;
said spark plug including a ground electrode, a spark plug collar, and an external thread;
said ground electrode having an open end;
said ground electrode being attached to said spark plug collar at a given circumferential location on said spark plug collar,
said given circumferential location on said spark plug collar and said external thread being oriented in a predetermined spatial
orientation with respect to one another, the predetermined spatial orientation ensuring that said open end of said ground
electrode is directed, with a given tolerance, between said two intake ducts, when said spark plug is mounted in said internal
thread of said cylinder; and

said internal thread of said cylinder and said external thread of said spark plug being adapted to one another such that,
when said spark plug is screwed with a given torque in said internal thread of said cylinder, said open end of said ground
electrode is directed, with the given tolerance, between said two intake ducts in order to provide an increased cooling of
said ground electrode, during an operation of the combustion engine, by an airflow generated by said two intake ducts.

US Pat. No. 9,623,837

SAFETY BELT DEVICE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A belt fitting for a safety belt device in a motor vehicle, said belt fitting comprising:
a base section, said base section comprising a belt slit through which a belt strap passes, and which, when the safety belt
is fastened, subdivides the belt strap into a shoulder belt section and a lap belt section,

an adjoining insertion tongue, and
a clamping element configured to be adjustable between a release position, in which the belt strap can move freely as it passes
through the belt slit, and a clamping position, in which the belt strap is clamped tightly between the clamping element and
a clamping stop with a clamping force,

wherein the clamping element and/or the clamping stop has a clamping contour with which the belt strap, when it is in the
clamped position, is clamped with a non-linear and/or non-uniform clamping force distribution over a width of the belt strap,
wherein the clamping contour comprises a crown or an outward bulge having an apex that presses into a center of the belt strap
when it is in the clamping position and with arc sections descending in a crosswise direction of the belt strap.

US Pat. No. 9,499,173

VEHICLE COMFORT SYSTEM FOR USING AND/OR CONTROLLING VEHICLE FUNCTIONS WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF A MOBILE DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

21. A computer program product for a vehicle-related accessibility system, the computer program product comprising:
program code executable in a program-controlled processing unit of a mobile device, the mobile device comprising an identification
tag reader receiving identification codes from identification tags arranged in a vehicle, at least one input device for acquiring
user input, at least one output device, and a mobile device communication unit, each of which are controllable via the program-controlled
processing unit,

wherein the identification tag reader scans for an identification code of one of the identification tags in an acquisition
range of the identification tag reader outside of the mobile device, the identification code identifying a mounting location
in the vehicle, and

if the identification code is acquired, the mobile device establishes a wireless communication connection exchanging data
between a vehicle control device via the mobile device communication unit and a vehicle communication device and,

depending on the acquired identification code and the exchanged data, the mobile device provides and restricts different functionalities
of the vehicle systems available to the at least one output device or the at least one input device of the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 9,562,454

EXHAUST GAS TREATMENT DEVICE, METHOD FOR PROCESSING EXHAUST GAS, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

10. A motor vehicle system comprising an exhaust-gas treatment device for processing exhaust gas from a combustion aggregate,
the exhaust-gas treatment device comprising:
an exhaust-gas system having arranged therein an oxidation catalyst, a reduction catalyst configured for selective catalytic
reduction and having a metering module configured for metered introduction of a reducing agent, and a particle filter, the
metering module having a cooling unit through which a cooling medium flows,

wherein the oxidation catalyst is arranged upstream from the reduction catalyst and the reduction catalyst is arranged upstream
from the particle filter,

wherein the reduction catalyst is arranged in the exhaust-gas system upstream in a direction of flow of the exhaust gas such
that heat of the exhaust gas passing the reduction catalyst is sufficient to bring the reduction catalyst to an operating
temperature,

wherein the exhaust-gas treatment device further comprises a low-pressure exhaust-gas return means having a cooling element
flow-connected to the cooling unit of the metering module of the reduction catalyst such that the cooling medium from the
cooling element of the low-pressure exhaust-gas return means cools the metering module.

US Pat. No. 9,797,998

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A POSITION OF A RECEIVER AND POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR A RECEIVER

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for determining a position of a receiver, the method comprising:
emitting at least one electromagnetic field by a respective transmitter, wherein an amplitude of the at least one electromagnetic
field rotates respectively as a function of time on a plane of rotation around the respective transmitter;

measuring the at least one electromagnetic field by the receiver;
determining a differential phase for each of the at least one electromagnetic field at the position of the receiver based
on the measured at least one electromagnetic field; and

determining the position of the receiver based on the at least one determined differential phase,
wherein the respective transmitter includes at least three inductors arranged on the plane of rotation for the emission of
the at least one electromagnetic field.

US Pat. No. 9,949,107

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AN INPUT TO A DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for detecting a user input for a vehicle, comprising:a detection unit, operable to detect at least one parameter of a variable electromagnetic field produced by a portable device, wherein the at least one parameter of the electromagnetic field is a function of a geometric arrangement of the portable device relative to the detection unit during production of the variable electromagnetic field;
a signature determination unit, operatively coupled to the detection unit, the signature detection unit being operable to determine one or more radio signatures of the user device based on the at least one detected parameter;
a computing unit, operatively coupled to the signature determination unit, the computing unit being operable to determine a signature sequence for the portable device based on the one or more radio signatures of the user device using time-sequenced radio signatures;
an assignment unit, operatively coupled to the computing unit, for at least one of assigning and/or identifying an input gesture to the time-sequenced radio signatures, wherein the assignment unit is configured to generate one or more similarity values based on a comparison of the time-sequenced radio signatures to one or more reference radio signatures, and assign and/or identify the input gesture if the similarity values meet or exceed one or more predetermined thresholds; and
a control unit, operatively coupled to the assignment unit, for generating and outputting a signal based on the input gesture.
US Pat. No. 9,784,796

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AN OPERATING POINT-DEPENDENT CHANGE IN RESISTANCE FACTOR AND VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. Method for determining an operating point-dependent change in resistance factor (AFAP) of an energy storage device, wherein the method comprises:
determining a start resistance at an operating point start point in time,
determining a change in resistance between a present resistance of the energy storage device and the start resistance at least
at an operating point end point in time,

determining an end resistance as a sum of the start resistance and the change in resistance determined at the operating point
end point in time,

wherein the operating point-dependent change in resistance factor (AFAP) is determined as a ratio between the end resistance and a nominal resistance proportion of the start resistance.

US Pat. No. 9,689,700

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GEOMETRIC LINEARIZATION OF NAVIGATIONAL DATA

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A navigation system, comprising:
a processor;
a memory, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the memory is configured to store internal navigational data from
an internal navigational data source within the navigation system, the internal navigational data comprising one or more first
navigational destinations and/or locations;

a global positioning apparatus, operatively coupled to the processor and configured to determine a current car position (CCP);
and

communications operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the communications is configured to receive external navigational
data from an external navigational data source, the external navigational data comprising one or more second navigational
destinations and/or locations

wherein the processor is configured to automatically prioritize the internal and external navigational data according to a
source and type,

and wherein the processor is configured to process the internal and external navigational data to generate a linearized representation
of navigational paths for the prioritized first and second navigational destinations and/or locations relative to the CCP.

US Pat. No. 9,886,031

CONTROLLING OF THE AUTOMATIC DRIVING PROCESS OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method to control an automatic driving process of a vehicle, the method comprising:
receiving, from a first mobile device, an authentication information via a first radio interface in the vehicle, the first
radio interface including at least one first receiver mounted in the vehicle;

subsequently receiving a control information for the automatic driving process via a second radio interface, which is different
from the first radio interface in the vehicle, the second radio interface including a second receiver being arranged in the
vehicle;

determining a time period between the receipt of the authentication information by the first radio interface and the subsequent
receipt of the control information by the second radio interface; and

enabling control of the automatic driving process as a function of the received authentication information and the received
control information, in response to a determination that the determined time period between receipt of the authentication
information and the control information is shorter than a maximum predetermined time period.

US Pat. No. 9,777,816

TRANSMISSION AND DIFFERENTIAL GEARING AND ENGINE AND GEARING UNIT

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A transmission and differential gear train comprising:
a housing,
an input shaft,
two output shafts arranged coaxially to the input shaft, and
a transmission section and a differential section configured as a spur gear differential,
wherein the transmission section has two planet stages, namely an input stage and a load stage,
wherein a first sun wheel of the input stage is operatively connected to the input shaft,
wherein the load stage comprises a first internal ring gear affixed in the housing, and a second sun wheel of the load stage
is configured to be operatively connected to at least one first planet wheel of the input stage via a first planet arm,

wherein at least one second planet wheel of the load stage is operatively connected to an input shaft of the spur gear differential
via a second planet arm, and

wherein, via a coupling mechanism, a second internal ring gear of the input stage is configured to be operatively and non-rotatably
coupled to, or uncoupled from, a first planet carrier of the at least one first planet wheel of the input stage, or coupled
to or uncoupled from a second planet carrier of the at least one second planet wheel of the load stage.

US Pat. No. 9,738,183

TELESCOPIC COVER ELEMENT OF A RECEIVING DEVICE OF A VEHICLE SEAT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A receiving device on a vehicle seat comprising:
a holding element of a fastening system, the fastening system including a receiving element of a piece of equipment or a child
seat, which is fixable to the holding element, wherein the holding element is fixed to the vehicle seat either directly or
via structure in a vehicle in which the seat is located;

a holding part having an inner body of a telescoping pair of bodies, the inner body comprising open holding part slotted guides
reversibly secured on the holding element, wherein the slotted guides extend longitudinally in a sliding direction; and

a cover element for the holding element, the cover element having a cover opening, the cover element having an outer body
of the telescoping pair of bodies configured as a casing body that extends from the cover opening and includes cover element
slotted guides extending longitudinally in the sliding direction within the casing body that are open with respect to the
holding element, the casing body of the cover element at least partially surrounding the inner body of the holding part, the
cover element slotted guides of the cover element being adapted to engage with the holding element on an open side of the
cover element slotted guides,

wherein the cover element is supported and movably guided in a telescopic manner with respect to the holding part via the
cover element slotted guides and the enclosure of the casing element on the holding part.

US Pat. No. 9,827,932

BUMPER WITH AN EMBOSSMENT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A bumper comprising:
at least one embossment, the embossment being formed extending counter to the vehicle traveling direction and the embossment
comprising a base surface, a rear face, an internal inner face, and an external inner face, wherein the base surface is constructed
as a step; and

at least one first vent hole formed in the rear face, the first vent hole being connected to a vent passage, the vent passage
having a vent passage longitudinal axis that forms an acute angle with a vehicle traveling direction.

US Pat. No. 9,694,808

METHOD FOR A VEHICLE HAVING AN ELECTRIC MACHINE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for operating an electric motor of a vehicle, which is coupled to at least one wheel of the vehicle, wherein the
vehicle is configured to operate at least in a first mode of operation and in a second mode of operation, wherein, in the
first mode of operation, the electric motor is configured to apply a first torque onto the at least one wheel thus moving
the vehicle in a first direction, and wherein, in the second mode of operation, the electric motor is configured to apply
no torque onto the at least one wheel thus allowing the at least one wheel to move freely, wherein the method comprises the
following steps:
detecting a movement of a shift lever of the vehicle between a position of the first mode of operation and a position of the
second mode of operation while a braking torque is present,

once the shift lever has been moved from a position of the first mode of operation to a position of the second mode of operation,
operating the vehicle in a transition mode of operation, wherein, in the transition mode of operation, the electric motor
is configured to apply onto the at least one wheel a second torque that acts opposite to the first direction of the vehicle
for at least a predetermined period of time,

ascertaining whether the predetermined period of time has expired, and if the predetermined period of time has expired, operating
the vehicle in the second mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 9,751,436

ARM REST HAVING A CRASH PROTECTION

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

15. An arm rest for a vehicle seat, said arm rest comprising:
a console part;
an arm support mounted to the console part so as to be swivelable about a swivel axis between a use position, into which said
arm support has been swiveled down, and a rest position, into which said arm support has been swiveled up;

latching teeth fixedly arranged on the console part or on the arm support,
a latching engagement member mounted to the arm support or to the console part so as to be shiftable, and which is able to
engage the latching teeth in at least one intermediate position when the arm support is swiveled up, out of the use position,
and is able to prevent swiveling down of the arm support, and which can be retained in an unlocked status for swiveling the
arm support down, from the rest position into the use position;

and an inertia member mounted so as to be shiftable between at least one release position and at least one blocked position,
said inertia member, in the at least one blocked position, preventing unlatching of the latching engagement member from a
latched status, wherein said inertia member is shifted from the at least one release position into the at least one blocked
position upon an acceleration of the arm rest due to the inertia of the inertia member,

wherein the inertia member has two protrusions that protrude from an upper portion of the inertia member, each of the two
protrusions having an abutment surface and wherein the two protrusions are spaced apart from one another such that a recessed
space is provided between the two protrusions, the recessed space forming a clearance of the inertia member, and

wherein the latching engagement member has a protrusion that protrudes from a lower portion of the latching engagement member
that faces the inertia member, the protrusion of the latching engagement member having a bearing surface, which, in the at
least one release position, is able to immerse into the clearance of the inertia member and, in the at least one blocked position,
is able to abut on one of the abutment surfaces of the two protrusions.

US Pat. No. 9,840,203

STORAGE SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A storage system for a vehicle, the storage system comprising:
a storage compartment;
a housing that at least partially surrounds the storage compartment;
at least one storage tray at least partially disposed in the storage compartment, the storage tray being slidable with respect
to the housing along a linear path from a stowed position to an access position; and

an armrest for opening and closing the housing,
wherein the at least one storage tray and the armrest are each connected to the housing such that movement of the at least
one storage tray from the stowed position to the access position occurs independent of a movement of the armrest from a closed
position to an open position.

US Pat. No. 9,855,894

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING REAL-TIME SENSOR FEEDBACK AND GRAPHICALLY TRANSLATING SENSOR CONFIDENCE DATA

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for processing sensor data in a vehicle, comprising:
one or more sensors configured to provide sensor data relating to at least one of a vehicle operating characteristic and/or
a driving environment;

a processing apparatus, communicatively coupled to the one or more sensors, wherein the processor is configured to receive
data from the one or more sensors; and

a display, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the display is configured to display a scene comprising one or more
images associated with the sensor data,

wherein the processing apparatus comprises a probability processing module configured to process the sensor data to calculate
a sensor confidence value representing an estimated accuracy for at least one of the one or more sensors,

and wherein the processing apparatus comprises a graphics processing module configured to process the sensor confidence value
to modify the scene on the display by generating a volumetric fog comprising a density that is dependent upon the sensor confidence
value to represent the estimated accuracy for the at least one or more of the sensors.

US Pat. No. 9,821,757

SAFETY BELT DEVICE IN A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A belt fitting for a safety belt device in a vehicle, the belt fitting comprising:
a base segment and an insertion tongue connected thereto, wherein the base segment has a belt eye through which a belt webbing
is guided and which divides the belt webbing into a shoulder belt segment and a lap belt segment when the safety belt device
is buckled; and

a clamping element that is adjustable between a release position, in which the belt webbing is freely movable in sliding contact
over at least one belt running surface of the belt fitting, and a clamping position, in which the belt webbing is tightly
clamped between a clamping stop on the base segment and the clamping element in the event of a load or a crash,

wherein the at least one belt running surface of the belt fitting has a surface contour that ensures a stable transverse guidance
of the belt webbing in the event of a load or crash if the belt webbing is not yet tightly clamped, the transverse guidance
counteracting a transverse force component that acts upon the belt webbing,

wherein the at least one belt runninq surface includes two belt running surfaces that are provided on opposite sides of the
belt eye, viewed in a longitudinal direction of the belt webbing, wherein one of the two belt running surfaces is formed on
the clamping element and another one of the two belt running surfaces is formed on the base segment, and wherein the two belt
running surfaces are each provided with the surface contour, and

wherein the surface contour includes indentations, furrows, grooves or cross-furrows oriented in a longitudinal direction
of the belt webbing.

US Pat. No. 10,632,975

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CLEANING AN INTERIOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for cleaning an interior of a motor vehicle, the method comprising:recording an image of at least one floor area of the interior via at least one camera device;
determining a level of soiling of the at least one floor area by evaluating the image recorded by the camera device to provide a first determination of the level of soiling; and
performing a cleaning of the at least one floor area, when the first determination of the level of soiling exceeds a predefinable first limiting value,
wherein a second determination of the level of soiling of the at least one floor area is determined after the cleaning and compared with a second limiting value, the second limiting value being lower than the first limiting value, and
wherein the cleaning is performed again if the second determination of the level of soiling exceeds the second limiting value.

US Pat. No. 10,145,314

MOTOR VEHICLE, CONTROL UNIT AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A PHASE ANGLE OF A CAMSHAFT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A control unit for controlling a phase angle of a first camshaft of an internal combustion engine, comprising:a first characteristic diagram signal generator for determining a dynamic setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft, wherein the dynamic setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft is optimized with respect to a maximum torque output;
a second characteristic diagram signal generator for determining a static setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft, wherein the static setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft is optimized with respect to an optimum efficiency level of the internal combustion engine; and
a first interpolator for determining a corrected setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft based on the dynamic setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft and on the static setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft, wherein the dynamic setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft is determined by said first characteristic diagram signal generator, and wherein the static setpoint phase angle of the first camshaft is determined by the second characteristic diagram signal generator, wherein said first characteristic diagram signal generator is configured to determine an output value made available by it, based on an engine rotational speed of the internal combustion engine and on an intake manifold pressure of the internal combustion engine, and wherein the phase angle of the first camshaft is adjusted based on the corrected setpoint phase angle.

US Pat. No. 9,865,112

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC IDENTIFICATION FOR VEHICLE ACCESS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for authorizing access to vehicle functions for a vehicle, comprising:
a processor;
data storage, operatively coupled to the processor, the data storage configured to store fob data relating to a key fob linked
to the vehicle, and device data comprising data relating to one or more devices linked to the key fob that are authorized
to access the vehicle; and

communications circuitry, operatively coupled to the processor, the communications circuitry configured to receive an access
request from the vehicle indicating that a new, unauthorized, device is requesting access to the vehicle,

wherein the processor is configured to transmit a challenge via the communications circuitry to one of the one or more devices
that are linked to the key fob and authorized to access the vehicle and receive a response thereto,

wherein the processor is configured to generate a secure fob key based on the response and transmit the secure fob key to
the new device in response to the access request,

and wherein the processor is configured to authenticate the new device based at least in part on the fob key, wherein the
new device is authorized to access the vehicle upon completion of the authentication.

US Pat. No. 10,054,180

AXIALLY DAMPING ELASTOMER BEARING, IN PARTICULAR FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

BOGE ELASTMETALL GMBH, D...

1. An axially damping elastomer bearing (11) with a crucible-formed receptacle (13) for surroundingly receiving an elastomeric support spring (15), wherein the crucible-formed receptacle (13) is manufactured through casting and is demoldable in a demoulding direction (39) and has a peripheral wall (19) with at least one drainage opening (33), wherein the at least one drainage opening (33) has a clearance (43, 45, 65) extending in the demoulding direction (39), wherein the clearance is formed by a first (43) and a second slot (45), and wherein the first (43) and the second slot (45) are formed in different peripheral surfaces (29, 35) of the peripheral wall (19) and form a shared overlapping region (49).

US Pat. No. 9,670,836

DRIVE UNIT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A drive unit for a motor vehicle, comprising:
an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle;
an exhaust gas system via which exhaust gas can be discharged from the internal combustion engine; and
a cyclic device configured to convert the thermal energy contained in the exhaust gas into mechanical work in a clockwise
thermodynamic cycle, wherein the cyclic device comprises a first heat exchange device comprising a working medium, an expansion
device comprising a working medium, and a second heat exchange device comprising a cooling medium, whereby the cycle comprises

a heat transfer from the exhaust gas to the working medium in the first heat exchange device, as a result of which the temperature
or the pressure of the working medium, or both, is increased,

comprises an expansion of the working medium in the expansion device for generating the mechanical work, and
comprises a heat transfer from the working medium to the cooling medium in the second heat exchange device,
wherein the first heat exchange device comprises a first heat exchanger and a second heat exchanger as well as an intermediate
circuit containing a transfer medium,

whereby in the first heat exchanger, thermal energy is transferred from the exhaust gas to the transfer medium, and in the
second heat exchanger, thermal energy is transferred from the transfer medium to the working medium;

the drive unit further comprising a heat storage tank integrated into the cyclic device.

US Pat. No. 9,840,244

ELECTROMECHANICAL BRAKE BOOSTER

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An electromechanical brake booster comprising:
a plunger rod for coupling a brake pedal lever to a brake master cylinder;
a gear motor coupled with the plunger rod; and
a control device connected to the gear motor for the activation thereof, the control device receiving input variables that
include a pedal force variable representing the pedal force and a plunger rod motion variable representing the motion of the
plunger rod, the control device being configured to determine a setpoint return velocity for the plunger rod based on the
plunger rod motion variable, and configured to generate an actual return velocity of the plunger rod from the setpoint return
velocity and an activation signal for the gear motor from the pedal force variable.

US Pat. No. 10,114,468

METHOD FOR EVALUATING GESTURES

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for evaluating gestures based on data of a sensor having lateral drift-field photodetector diodes (LDPD), the method comprising:sequentially measuring first, extraneous light in order to obtain two dimensional (2D) data in the form of reflectance data;
measuring second, laser light in order to obtain three dimensional (3D) data in the form of distance data;
measuring third, residual light;
obtaining movement artifacts in the 2D and/or 3D data which were caused by residual charges in a moved object;
detecting a movement by processing the movement artifacts; and
evaluating the detected movement with regards to a possible gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,071,615

AIR VENT ASSEMBLY

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An air vent assembly for a motor vehicle, the air vent assembly comprising:an air vent that has at least one air guide louver with a trailing edge and a leading edge in a flow direction, the air guide louver being mounted pivotable about a rotation axis associated with the trailing edge; and
a decorative device having at least one stationary decorative louver with a visible edge extending in an extension of the trailing edge, the air guide louver being mounted on the decorative louver so as to be pivotable about the rotation axis,
wherein the air guide louver and the decorative louver are positioned side-by-side along the rotation axis, such that a side edge of the air guide louver faces a side edge of the decorative louver.

US Pat. No. 9,884,650

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A vehicle body structure, comprising:
at least one door sill that extends in a lengthwise direction of a vehicle, each of the at least one door sill having a hollow
profile whose height between two opposite profile walls varies along the lengthwise direction, wherein:

at least one dividing element is arranged in the hollow profile in order to reinforce the at least one door sill in a crosswise
direction,

the hollow profile is delimited by the profile walls that are opposite from each other in a vertical direction of the profile
as well as by two profile walls that are opposite from each other in the crosswise direction,

the at least one dividing element has a crosswise wall which covers the hollow profile and which as edge flanges that are
at an angle to it, and

each of the at least one dividing element consists of two separate sheet metal parts which are each firmly attached to the
opposite profile walls and which are firmly joined together at a shared connection point.

US Pat. No. 9,870,665

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE ACCESS AND FUNCTION CONTROL UTILIZING A PORTABLE DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for authorizing access to vehicle functions for a vehicle, comprising:
a processor;
data storage, operatively coupled to the processor, the data storage configured to store (i) fob data relating to a key fob
linked to the vehicle, (ii) device data comprising data relating to one or more devices that are authorized to access the
vehicle, and (iii) vehicle access and/or function control data; and

communications circuitry, operatively coupled to the processor, the communications circuitry configured to communicate with
a new device is requesting access to the vehicle,

wherein the processor is configured to generate a secure fob key based on the fob data and the device data,
and wherein the processor is configured to generate a vehicle function control file based on the vehicle access and/or function
control data and the secure fob key, wherein the vehicle function control file is configured to authenticate the new device
with the vehicle via the secure fob key and to at least one of (i) limit access of the new device to the vehicle, (ii) limit
an operational function of the vehicle, and (iii) provide alerts for the vehicle based on the vehicle access and/or function
control data.

US Pat. No. 10,046,638

ARRANGEMENT FOR OPENING AND CLOSING AN OPENING IN AN INTERIOR TRIM PIECE OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An arrangement for opening and closing an opening provided in a covering surface of an interior trim piece in a vehicle, in particular a motor vehicle, the arrangement comprising:an adjustable cover element formed by a flat element and being movable from a closed position, in which the cover element covers the opening, to an open position, in which the cover element opens the opening by movement of the same in reverse; and
two parallel, spaced-apart racks arranged on the adjustable cover element that extend in an adjusting direction of the cover element and each mesh with an associated toothed wheel,
wherein the toothed wheels are rotatably mounted on a frame element, connected to an interior trim piece and are interlinked by a rotatingly driven shaft,
wherein at least one toothed wheel is connected to the shaft for conjoint rotation therewith, and
wherein the cover element is adjustable relative to the frame element and thus to the opening as a result of a rotation of the toothed wheels that mesh with the racks.

US Pat. No. 9,849,775

FILLER NECK FOR AN AUXILIARY LIQUID RESERVOIR

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A filler neck for a liquid reservoir for a motor vehicle comprising:
a neck housing including a mouth hole stub having a mouth hole for a filler nozzle and a filling channel leading into the
reservoir,

wherein a receiving structure for a filler nozzle is provided within the neck housing,
wherein at least one venting path is provided within the neck housing,
wherein the venting path allows a venting flow parallel and counter to the refilling volume to flow through the neck housing
and through the mouth hole during refilling to atmosphere when the filler nozzle occupies the mouth hole,

wherein the mouth hole of the mouth hole stub is defined by a mouth hole wall which is profiled such that the mouth hole wall
defines at least one gas outlet channel to the atmosphere when the filler nozzle is inserted in the mouth hole of the mouth
hole stub,

wherein the mouth hole wall defines at least one groove profile extending in a filling direction from a first terminal end
of the mouth hole stub to a second terminal end of the mouth hole stub such that the at least one groove extends along an
entire length of the mouth hole from the first terminal end to the second terminal end of the mouth hole stub, and

wherein the first terminal end of the mouth hole stub including the at least one groove profile defines an entrance into the
filler neck at a terminal end of the filler neck.

US Pat. No. 10,246,131

METHOD FOR CARRYING OUT A PARKING PROCESS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE INTO A TRANSVERSE PARKING SPACE, PARKING ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Valeo Schalter Und Sensor...

1. A method for performing a parking operation of a motor vehicle into a transverse parking space by means of a parking assistance system of the motor vehicle, comprising:capturing environmental information related to an environment of the motor vehicle by one or more sensors of the parking assistance system;
detecting the transverse parking space by a controller of the parking assistance system depending on the environmental information, and determining, by the controller, a parking trajectory between a current position and a target position;
transmitting control signals at least to a steering system of the motor vehicle; and
based upon one or more control signals received at the steering system, guiding the motor vehicle along the parking trajectory from the current position through an entry side of the transverse parking space into the transverse parking space,
wherein a rear boundary is detected by the parking assistance system based on the environmental information, the rear boundary at least partially bounds the transverse parking space on a rear side of the transverse parking space opposing the entry side of the transverse parking space in a longitudinal direction therealong, and a target orientation of the motor vehicle for the target position in the transverse parking space is determined based on the rear boundary,
wherein to determine the target orientation the controller examines if the transverse parking space is bounded by a lateral object in a transverse direction along the parking space based on the environmental information, and if the lateral object is detected, the target orientation is determined based on the rear boundary and based on the lateral object, and if the lateral object is not detected, the target orientation is determined solely based on the rear boundary, and
wherein the controller determines a difference between a position of the rear boundary assumed or determined in an original determination of the parking trajectory and a position of the rear boundary determined based on current environmental information, and wherein if the difference between the position of the rear boundary determined or assumed in the original determination of the parking trajectory and the position of the rear boundary determined based on the current environmental information exceeds a preset threshold, the parking trajectory is corrected or updated based on the current environmental information.

US Pat. No. 10,106,104

DECORATIVE ELEMENT FOR AN INTERIOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, DEVICE FOR AN INTERIOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, MOTOR VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A DECORATIVE ELEMENT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A device for an interior of a motor vehicle comprising:at least one lighting element; and
a decorative element, the decorative element comprising a visible side facing the interior of the motor vehicle when the device is arranged in the motor vehicle, the visible side having at least one glossy surface region and having at least one matte surface region,
wherein, when the device is arranged in the motor vehicle, the at least one matte surface region is arranged so that a reflection condition between a light beam coming from the at least one lighting element and a line of vision of a passenger of the vehicle is geometrically fulfilled, and
wherein the at least one glossy surface region of the decorative element is arranged so that no reflection condition between the light beam coming from the lighting element and the line of vision is geometrically fulfilled.

US Pat. No. 9,937,794

DISPLAY METHOD FOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A display method for a vehicle, the method comprising:providing multiple properties of multiple charging stations that are located along a route calculated by a navigation system of the vehicle and which are suitable for charging an electric charge accumulator of the vehicle, the multiple properties having been stored on a database;
providing multiple filter criteria, a filter criterion of the multiple filter criteria being assigned to a property of the multiple properties of the charging stations, wherein a priority is assigned to each particular filter criterion of the multiple filter criteria;
filtering, using a processing device in the vehicle, the multiple charging stations using the multiple filter criteria for generating a filtered subset of charging stations such that the filtered subset of charging stations has a predetermined number of charging stations, said filtering comprising individually and sequentially applying each of the multiple filter criteria in an order according to the priorities assigned to each particular filter criterion; and
displaying the filtered subset of charging stations on a map of the navigation system on a display device of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,858,702

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SIGNALLING A SUCCESSFUL GESTURE INPUT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for signaling a successful gesture input by a user to a processing device, comprising:
sensing, via the processing device, an inputted gesture from a user in the proximity of the processor apparatus;
determining, via the processing device, a classification for the inputted gesture; and
signaling, via the processing device, the determined classification by generating an animation, that visually emphasizes a
linearly changing position of at least in a part along an edge of a screen of the processing device assigned to the gesture
input; and

modifying the generated animation, wherein the modification is dependent on if an application-related function can be executed
or not in response to the recognized gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,107,016

LOCKING DEVICE FOR A DOOR OR FLAP

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A locking device for a door or flap of a vehicle, the locking device comprising:a cylinder lock that has a cylinder bushing and has a cylinder core that is rotatably supported in the cylinder bushing;
a bearing bracket fastenable to the door or flap and has a receptacle for the cylinder lock;
a screw that establishes a mechanical connection of the cylinder bushing to a trim element, wherein the trim element is an inner door panel; and
a bracket element that radially surrounds the cylinder bushing at least in part and is movably supported on the bearing bracket and has at least one engagement for engaging a recess of the cylinder bushing,
wherein the screw interacts with a threaded bore of the bracket element for the displacement thereof,
wherein the cylinder bushing has a radial indentation that forms a pressure surface,
wherein the screw has a pressure tip at an end facing the cylinder bushing that, when introduced into the radial indentation, interacts with the pressure surface to axially and radially support the screw,
wherein the pressure surface of the radial indentation is conical in design,
wherein the pressure tip of the screw is complementary to the pressure surface,
wherein the trim element has an opening through which the screw is passed, and
wherein the screw has a screw head whose diameter is larger than a diameter of the opening of the trim element, such that the screw head engages with the trim element.

US Pat. No. 10,011,212

FASTENING ARRANGEMENT IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A fastening fixture for a motor vehicle, comprising:a sheet metal part on a body of the motor vehicle and a U-shaped bracket attached thereto,
wherein the U-shaped bracket has a crossbar with adjoining legs that are spaced from each other by a distance and from ends of which foot sections extend at an angle and engage underneath the sheet metal part on the motor vehicle body,
wherein the sheet metal part has cutouts that are separate from each other and are spaced at the spacing distance of the legs of the bracket, and the foot sections of the legs pass through said cutouts; and
wherein the legs and the crossbar of the U-shaped bracket form a wire bracket plane, and the foot sections protrude from the legs in opposite directions with respect to the wire bracket plane.

US Pat. No. 9,956,863

ELECTRIC DRIVE, METHOD FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF, AND SERIAL HYBRID DRIVE TRAIN FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An electric drive, comprising:a motor assembly including a plurality of electric machines with motor shafts disposed parallel but not coaxial to one another;
an output assembly;
a transmission stage connected to said motor assembly and also connected to said output assembly;
said transmission stage having a transmission sun connected to said output assembly and having a plurality of transmission planets each connected to a respective one of said electric machines, said transmission planets each being disposed coaxial with a respective one of said motor shafts and being securely fixed on said respective one of said motor shafts and being disposed in an annular manner around said transmission sun and rolling on said transmission sun in a torque-transmitting manner; and
one or more power electronics units connected to one or more electric voltage sources, said one or more power electronics units controlling electrical sub-phases of said electric machines, each of said power electronics units being regulated via a respective regulator, wherein movement parameters of at least one of said output assembly and said transmission stage are fed back to said respective regulator.

US Pat. No. 9,647,281

METHOD OF OPERATING A FUEL CELL APPARATUS AND FUEL CELL APPARATUS HAVING A CHARGE LIMITER

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

6. A fuel cell device comprising
a fuel cell,
an accumulator for storing electrical energy, which is connected to the fuel cell in an electrical energy-transmitting fashion,
an ambient temperature-determining unit, and
a charge limiter which is adapted to limit a maximum amount of electrical energy to be stored in the accumulator as a function
of a control signal of the ambient temperature-determining unit.

US Pat. No. 9,643,484

METHOD FOR OPERATING A HYBRID VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for operating a hybrid vehicle, the hybrid vehicle comprising at least one internal combustion engine with a fuel
tank and a filter, and a motor for driving the hybrid vehicle, the filter being configured to absorb fuel vapors from the
fuel tank in a filter operating mode and to emit the fuel vapors to the internal combustion engine in a flushing operating
mode of the filter, the method comprising:
detecting a current operating point of the internal combustion engine;
determining a speed of the hybrid vehicle; and
activating the flushing operating mode of the filter depending on the current operating point, the speed of the hybrid vehicle,
and an operating time of the hybrid vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,635,110

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR FORWARDING INFORMATION

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for forwarding information by means of a transmission and reception device that is located in a first vehicle,
said method comprising:
determining whether the first vehicle is in a stopped state,
determining a position for the first vehicle when the first vehicle is determined to be in the stopped state,
receiving information at the transmission and reception device located in the first vehicle, said received information transmitted
by a first transmitter of a vehicle and/or an infrastructure unit, and

forwarding the received information to a receiver located in a second vehicle by means of the transmission and reception device
located in the first vehicle, when the first vehicle is determined to be in the stopped state and the position of the first
vehicle is determined to be within a prescribed region.

US Pat. No. 10,032,377

PARKING SPACE MANAGEMENT

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for indicating an imminent exit from a parking space by a parked motor vehicle, the method comprising:determining a movement profile of a mobile terminal device, where the movement profile comprises a continuous time-averaged direction of movement of the mobile terminal device;
checking, based on each of (i) an interaction between the mobile terminal device and the parked motor vehicle, and (ii) a predominant area of the movement profile of the mobile terminal device is within a threshold value, whether an exit from a parking space by the motor vehicle is prospectively imminent within a time period; and
selectively dispatching a message to a server depending on the check, indicating the imminent exit from the parking space;
wherein the predominant area of the movement profile is a continuous average time value of a position of the mobile terminal device;
determining a distance between the motor vehicle and the predominant area of the movement profile of the mobile terminal device during the interaction between the mobile terminal device and the parked motor vehicle,
wherein the checking further comprises: performing a threshold value comparison between the determined distance and the threshold value, wherein the dispatch of the message is performed selectively depending on the threshold value being greater than the determined distance.

US Pat. No. 9,902,368

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VEHICLE ACCESS AND FUNCTION CONTROL UTILIZING A PORTABLE DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for authorizing access to vehicle functions for a vehicle, comprising:
a processor;
a data storage, operatively coupled to the processor, the data storage configured to store (i) fob data relating to a key
fob linked to the vehicle, (ii) device data comprising data relating to one or more devices linked to the key fob that are
authorized to access the vehicle, and (iii) vehicle access and/or function control data; and

communications circuitry, operatively coupled to the processor, the communications circuitry configured to communicate with
a new device is requesting access to the vehicle,

wherein the processor is configured to generate a secure fob key for authenticating the new device based on the fob data and
the device data,

and wherein the processor is configured to generate a vehicle function control file based on (i) the vehicle access and/or
function control data and (ii) the secure fob key, wherein the vehicle function control file is associated with a profile
template configured to control access of the new device to the vehicle and control at least one operational function of the
vehicle.

US Pat. No. 9,841,091

SPEED-CHANGING AND DIFFERENTIAL TRANSMISSION AND MOTOR AND TRANSMISSION UNIT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A speed-changing and differential transmission, comprising:
a housing;
an input shaft;
two output shafts disposed coaxially with said input shaft;
a differential section configured as a spur wheel differential;
a speed-changing section having two planetary stages, a first one of said two planetary stages being an input stage and a
second one of said two planetary stages being a load stage;

said input stage having a sun wheel, an annulus, and at least one planet wheel, said sun wheel of said input stage being operatively
connected to said input shaft;

said load stage having a sun wheel, an annulus, and at least one planet wheel, said annulus of said load stage being fixed
in relation to said housing;

said sun wheel of said load stage being operatively connectable to said at least one planet wheel of said input stage via
a planet carrier of said input stage for defining a first operative connection, said at least one planet wheel of said load
stage being operatively connectable to said annulus of said input stage via a planet carrier of said load stage for defining
a second operative connection, one of the first and the second operative connection being configured as a selectable connection
and a respective other one of the first and the second operative connection being configured as a fixed connection;

a coupling device configured to provide the selectable connection such that said annulus of said input stage can be operatively
coupled to and decoupled from said planet carrier of said load stage or such that said sun wheel of said load stage can be
operatively coupled to and decoupled from said planet carrier of said input stage;

said input shaft being configured as a hollow shaft, one of said output shafts passing through said input shaft; and
said spur wheel differential including a planet carrier and meshing planet wheels, said at least one planet wheel of said
load stage being operatively connected to said meshing planet wheels of said spur wheel differential via said planet carrier
of said spur wheel differential.

US Pat. No. 10,113,881

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROVIDING AN ELECTRONIC APPOINTMENT SCHEDULER FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for providing an electronic appointment scheduler for a vehicle, the method comprising:acquiring, from a mobile user device, appointments with associated time data and geographical positions, the appointments being transferred from the mobile user device to a control unit of an in-vehicle system;
acquiring a residual energy amount available for powering the vehicle;
acquiring data on a geographical road network, including geographical positions of energy supply facilities suitable for the vehicle;
generating, in the control unit, a route plan and an energy replenishment plan with consideration of the time data and geographical positions associated with the appointments and with consideration of an available residual energy amount and an energy consumption by the vehicle on a potential travel route;
calculating appointment-associated supplemental time periods associated with the appointments, which are derived based on the route plan and the energy replenishment plan;
generating and outputting an appointment schedule with the appointments and the appointment-associated supplemental time periods associated with the appointments; and
displaying the appointment schedule on a touchscreen display, the touchscreen display configured to operate in a first operating mode in which an appointment sequence of individual appointments in the appointment schedule is shown in a graphical list and a second operating mode in which the individual appointments and appointment-associated supplemental time periods are shown together, and in the second operating mode free time periods are listed in the schedule along with the individual appointments and the appointment-associated supplemental time periods,
wherein in the second operating mode the schedule is displayed and a manipulatable icon is displayed over the schedule, the manipulatable icon visually representing the individual appointments and the appointment-associated supplemental time periods,
wherein when an appointment sequence is changed, then effects on other parts of the appointment schedule are analyzed,
wherein when the time data associated with an appointment is changed, then effects on other parts of the appointment schedule are analyzed,
wherein when an appointment-associated supplementary time period is changed, then effects on other parts of the appointment schedule are analyzed, and
wherein in the second operating mode, the individual appointments are manipulated by performing a touch gesture to the manipulatable icon, the touch gesture comprising at least one of dragging, spreading or pinching the manipulatable icon; wherein the appointment scheduler is switched at least between two operating modes via an operating action, wherein, in a first operating mode, the appointments and the supplementary time periods caused by the route plan and/or energy replenishment plan are shown and the time data associated with an appointment and/or a supplementary time period are shifted in time by an operating action, and wherein, in a second operating mode, the supplementary time periods are faded out and the appointment sequence is changed by an operating action; and
wherein, if in consideration of all limiting conditions based on which the appointment schedule is generated, a time conflict between appointments and supplementary periods is detected, a warning message is output and optionally a list of suggestions for eliminating the time conflict is displayed.

US Pat. No. 10,040,375

UNLOCKING LEVER FOR A SEAT ADJUSTER OF A VEHICLE SEAT, AND VEHICLE SEAT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An unlocking lever comprising:a holder for a tension member of a seat adjustor of a vehicle seat;
a first lever that is rotatable about a first swivel pin disposed at a first end of the first lever; and
a second lever that is rotatable about a second swivel pin, the first and second levers being joined in an articulated manner via the second swivel pin, the second swivel pin being disposed at a second end of the first lever opposite to the first end,
wherein the holder for the tension member is located on the second lever between the first and second swivel pins, and
wherein the tension member is configured to move independently from the first lever by actuation of the second lever.

US Pat. No. 9,919,595

FUEL TANK FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A fuel tank for a motor vehicle, which is a blow-molded plastic hollow member, the fuel tank comprising:
at least one functional component support arranged in an interior space of the fuel tank, the functional component support
being configured to have one or more functional components fastened thereto;

at least two strut arrangements arranged to support the functional component support, the at least two strut arrangements
being mutually spaced apart in a support longitudinal direction x and being supported in a direction perpendicular to the
support longitudinal direction x on opposite upper and lower inner walls of the fuel tank; and

at least one compensating portion that is positioned between the two strut arrangements and with which a length compensation
is facilitated to relieve mechanical component stresses between the functional component support and the fuel tank,

wherein the functional component support is an elongated support wall, the support wall being divided into wall segments with
a respective one of the strut arrangements being embedded in each of the wall segments, and wherein mutually facing edges
of adjacent wall segments are connected together via one of the at least one compensating portion,

wherein the one of the at least one compensating portion includes a first compensating web and a second compensating web,
the first compensating web extending between upper ends of the mutually facing edges of the adjacent wall segments and the
second compensating web extending between lower ends of the mutually facing edges of the adjacent wall segments, and

wherein the first compensating web has a U-shaped deformation section, the U-shaped deformation section protruding in the
direction perpendicular to the support longitudinal direction x towards the upper inner wall of the fuel tank.

US Pat. No. 9,865,113

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC IDENTIFICATION AND KEY MANAGEMENT FOR VEHICLE ACCESS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A system for authorizing access to vehicle functions for a vehicle, comprising:
a processor;
data storage, operatively coupled to the processor, the data storage configured to store fob data relating to a key fob linked
to the vehicle, and device data comprising data relating to one or more devices linked to the key fob that are authorized
to access the vehicle; and

communications circuitry, operatively coupled to the processor, the communications circuitry configured to receive an access
request indicating that a new device is requesting access to the vehicle,

wherein the processor is configured to transmit a challenge via the communications circuitry to one of the one or more devices
that are authorized to access the vehicle and receive a response thereto,

wherein the processor is configured to generate a secure fob key based on the response and transmit the secure fob key to
the new device, wherein the secure fob key comprises limitation data for setting parameters on vehicle access,

and wherein the processor is configured to authenticate the new device based at least in part on the secure fob key, wherein
the new device is authorized to access the vehicle subject to the limitation data upon completion of the authentication.

US Pat. No. 10,139,905

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INTERACTING WITH A GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for interacting with a graphical user interface, wherein the method comprises the following steps:depicting a graphical user interface with a plurality of image objects on a display device;
illuminating an area of a user's head position by an infrared light source;
detecting, using an infrared detector, oriented towards the user's head position, a viewing direction and a position of a user of the graphical user interface depicted on the display device;
determining an image object viewed by the user, from the plurality of image objects, from the detected viewing direction and position of the user;
determining a distance of the user from the viewed image object from the position of the user and the position of the viewed image object on the display device;
outputting additional information to the user when it is determined that the distance of the user from the viewed image object has been reduced and the image object was still viewed by the user.

US Pat. No. 10,099,312

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR RESISTANCE WELDING AND COUPLING OF FORCES BETWEEN ELECTRODES

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

7. A welding device for joining components by resistance welding, comprising:a plurality of electrode pairs configured to introduce electrode forces and electric welding currents into the components, each electrode pair of the plurality of electrode pairs having a respective distribution linkage; and
a single source of force configured to generate the electrode forces;
wherein a first side of each distribution linkage is mechanically associated with a moving welding electrode of its respective electrode pair, and a second side of each distribution linkage is mechanically associated with the single source of force;
whereby each of the moving welding electrodes is mounted so that it is configured to be moved lengthwise by a linear guide.

US Pat. No. 10,101,155

OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An apparatus comprising:a capacitive pixel sensor element subjected to a charge or discharge process in dependence on a measured quantity that can be detected at a pixel sensor element output;
at least one buffer amplifier;
first and second sample capacitances;
first and second switches, via which the first or the second sample capacitance can be connected to the pixel sensor element output via the at least one buffer amplifier;
a controller that is implemented to control the first and second switches such that the first switch is closed in a first time window and the second switch is closed in a second time window, wherein the first time window and the second time window temporally overlap such that, at the end of the first and second time windows, different voltage signals describing the charge or discharge process of the capacitive pixel sensor element are applied to the first and second sample capacitances;
an evaluator determining a differential voltage signal based on voltage signals applied successively to the first and second sample capacitances;
wherein the evaluator further comprises an amplifier, wherein the output of the amplifier can be connected to an input via a reset switch;
a sample capacitance that can be electrically coupled to the first and second sample capacitances via a switch and that can be connected to the input of the amplifier;
first and second feedback capacitances connected in parallel that can be coupled to the input of the amplifier and can be connected to a reference potential via a reference voltage switch and to the output of the amplifier via first and second amplifier switches; and wherein the controller is implemented to control the evaluator such that differential voltage signals of the voltage signals applied to the input are available at the output of the evaluator in successive time phases.

US Pat. No. 10,018,235

HYDRAULIC SUPPLY APPARATUS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A hydraulic supply apparatus for an automatic or automated transmission of a motor vehicle, comprising:a high-pressure pump having an input end and an output end;
a high-pressure circuit having a pressure accumulator, said high-pressure circuit being supplied through use of said high-pressure pump;
a low-pressure pump;
a low-pressure circuit, said low pressure circuit being supplied through use of said low-pressure pump;
a common drive unit, said high-pressure pump and said low-pressure pump being driven by said common drive unit;
a reservoir;
a valve provided downstream of said high-pressure pump, said valve having a first switching position, a second switching position, and a third switching position, wherein, in the first switching position, a supply to said high-pressure circuit through use of said high-pressure pump is facilitated, wherein, in the second switching position, said output end of said high-pressure pump is connected to one of said reservoir and said input end of said high-pressure pump, and wherein, in the third switching position, said high-pressure circuit is connected to said reservoir;
a first pressure line;
a second pressure line;
a third pressure line;
a fourth pressure line;
said valve having a first connection, a second connection, and a third connection;
said output end of said high-pressure pump being connected to said first connection of said valve via said first pressure line and being connected to said high-pressure circuit via said second pressure line;
a non-return valve provided in said second pressure line;
said high-pressure circuit being connected to said second connection of said valve via said third pressure line;
said third connection of said valve being connected to one of said reservoir and said input end of said high-pressure pump via said fourth pressure line; and
said first connection and said second connection being closed in the first switching position of said valve and, in the second switching position of said valve, said first connection being connected to said third connection and said second connection being closed.

US Pat. No. 10,023,091

VEHICLE HAVING A DRIVER ASSISTANCE DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A vehicle comprising:a driver assistance device, with the aid of which an autonomous driving mode without driver intervention is carried out in an autopilot mode;
at least one storage element for storing objects, the storage element being adjustable between a position of non-use and a position of use, the at least one storage element being at least one of a storage table or a cup holder; and
a control unit assigned to the driver assistance device, the control unit facilitating an adjustment of the storage element into the position of use when the autopilot mode is activated and disables an adjustment of the storage element into the position of use when the autopilot mode is deactivated.

US Pat. No. 9,889,794

METHOD OF OPERATING AN ILLUMINATION SYSTEM FOR AN INTERIOR OF A VEHICLE, ILLUMINATION SYSTEM FOR AN INTERIOR OF A VEHICLE, AND VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for operating an illumination system for an interior of a vehicle, the illumination system having a control unit
and an ambient illumination with at least one lamp, which is designed to emit light in at least one ambient color, the method
comprising:
a) determining an element color by the control unit, which element color is assumed by a functional element arranged in the
interior of the vehicle for displaying the functional element;

b) providing at least one ambient color by the control unit, wherein the at least one ambient color is different from the
element color determined in step a);

c) selecting an ambient color from the at least one ambient color provided in step b); and
d) emitting light in the ambient color selected in step c) by the lamp of the ambient illumination.

US Pat. No. 10,189,416

STORAGE COMPARTMENT FOR A VEHICLE INTERIOR TRIM

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A storage compartment for an interior trim of a vehicle, the storage compartment comprising:a storage-compartment bottom that transitions at an inner corner region into a side wall that is raised from the storage-compartment bottom; and
an insertion mat lining the storage-compartment bottom, the insertion mat forming a support surface for at least one small object, the insertion mat at least partially bounds at least one free deformation chamber, and when manual pressure via a fingertip is applied to the support surface, the insertion mat curves into the deformation chamber by arching such that between the deformed support surface and the object, an undercut for grasping under the object is accessible to the fingertips.

US Pat. No. 10,189,520

MODULAR SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A modular system for a vehicle comprising:a selected instrument panel that extends over a width of an interior of the motor vehicle from a driver side of the vehicle to a passenger side of the vehicle;
at least one selected door that is arranged on a side of the vehicle in a pivotal manner in order to close or open a vehicle door opening adjoining the selected instrument panel;
wherein the modular system has at least two different instrument panels and/or at least two different doors for selection, wherein each instrument panel has a first joint region and each door has a second joint region,
wherein the second joint region is pivoted away from the first joint region when the at least one selected door is pivoted into an open position and the second joint region is pivoted towards the first joint region so as to adjoin the first joint region and form a unitary joint when the at least one selected door is pivoted into a closed position, and
wherein the second joint region corresponds to the first joint region such that each first joint region and each second joint region, when adjoined in the closed position of the door, always form the unitary joint with a same joint gap width therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,145,702

SITUATION-AWARE ROUTE AND DESTINATION PREDICTIONS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for predicting a destination of a vehicle, the method comprising:detecting, using a plurality of sensors, vehicle data, the vehicle data including at least a current location and a current time;
providing the vehicle data from the plurality of sensors to a situation detection unit;
determining a plurality of usage scenarios based on the vehicle data;
accessing historical vehicle data and user data from a database;
assigning, based on the vehicle data, a likelihood value to the plurality of usage scenarios;
predicting a set of destinations and routes for the plurality of usage scenarios;
predicting a most likely usage scenario from the plurality of usage scenarios;
displaying the predicted most likely usage scenario to a user on a user interface display and receiving user input such that a user is able to confirm the predicted most likely usage scenario;
storing vehicle data for prior vehicle trips and a reliability score for prior predictions in the database; and
updating the reliability value in the historical database when the user confirms the predicted mostly likely useage scenario,
wherein when the user confirms the predicted most likely usage scenario the system applies settings, corresponding to the predicted mostly likely usage scenario, to in-vehicle systems.

US Pat. No. 10,071,706

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EXTERNAL OPERATION OF AN ACTUATOR OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for external operation of an actuator of a vehicle, having an optical sensor, the method comprising:obtaining an approach of a person in an approach area of the optical sensor;
determining, within an obtaining area of the optical sensor, a targeted approach of a person's steps towards an operating area of the optical sensor, wherein the targeted approach is determined based on the detection of a pair of feet, the orientation of said feet, and the sequence of steps of the individual feet;
wherein the size of the approach area and/or the size of the obtaining area is dynamically adjusted to environmental conditions detected by the optical sensor; and
operating the actuator when a step made into the operating area of the optical sensor is determined.

US Pat. No. 10,120,560

USER INTERFACE AND METHOD FOR ASSISTING A USER WHEN OPERATING AN OPERATING UNIT

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A processor-based method of operating a touch-sensitive operator control unit configured to execute functions for a vehicle, comprising:displaying a graphical symbol on the operator control unit;
detecting, via a sensor system, the presence of input means in a predefined first area in front of the operator control unit in an area of the displayed graphical symbol, wherein the predefined first area comprises an area parallel to a surface of the operator control unit;
acknowledging, via a processing apparatus, the detected presence of the input means by generating a predefined first audio output;
detecting, via the sensor system, a crossover of the input means from the first area to a predefined second area in front of the operator's control unit, the second area being associated with executing a function for the vehicle;
acknowledging, via the processing apparatus, the detected crossover by a generating predefined second audio output;
detecting, via the sensor system, a predefined pattern of movement of the input means in the predefined second area;
acknowledging, via the processing apparatus, the predefined pattern of movement by a third audio output associated with the predefined pattern of movement; and
executing the function for the vehicle based on the detected predefined pattern of movement.

US Pat. No. 10,093,146

AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR AIR-CONDITIONING A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An air-conditioning system for a vehicle, comprising:a refrigerant circuit through which a refrigerant can flow and which is configured as a heat pump circuit and as a cooling system circuit, the refrigerant circuit comprising a compressor, at least one external heat exchanger, and at least one internal heat exchanger connected with an internal heating condenser; and
a device for generating an air stream that can be thermally coupled to the internal heat exchanger and to the internal heating condenser, and
a metering device that can meter the flow of at least a partial stream of the thermally coupled air stream through the internal heating condenser; and
a heating mode of operation and a cooling mode of operation, wherein
in the heating mode of operation, the refrigerant can flow from the high-pressure side of the compressor into the internal heating condenser, can flow from the internal heating condenser via a first expansion valve to the internal heat exchanger, can flow from the internal heat exchanger to the external heat exchanger through a second expansion valve through which refrigerant can flow in both directions, and can flow from the external heat exchanger to the low-pressure side of the compressor, wherein the second expansion valve regulates the expansion of refrigerant regardless of which direction the refrigerant flows, and
in the cooling mode of operation, the refrigerant can bypass the first expansion valve while flowing:
from the high-pressure side of the compressor into the internal heating condenser,
from the internal heating condenser to the external heat exchanger,
from the external heat exchanger to the internal heat exchanger via the second expansion valve through which refrigerant can flow in both directions, and
from the internal heat exchanger to the low-pressure side of the compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,069,165

ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITION FOR A LITHIUM-ION BATTERY

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An electrolyte composition for a lithium-ion battery with at least one cathode and at least one anode, the electrolyte composition comprising:at least one aprotic nonaqueous solvent;
one fluorine-containing cyclic carbonate component; and
at least two lithium salts,
wherein one of the lithium salts is lithium nitrate, which is present in a quantity from 0.05% to 20% by weight relative to a total weight of the electrolyte composition,
wherein the fluorine-containing cyclic carbonate component is present in a quantity from 5% to 12% by weight relative to the total weight of the electrolyte composition,
wherein the anode is a silicon anode or a silicon/carbon composite anode, and wherein the electrolyte composition contains lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide as an additional lithium salt.

US Pat. No. 10,059,371

STEERING SYSTEM FOR AN AUTOMATED DRIVING PROCESS OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A steering system for the automated driving of a transportation vehicle, the steering system comprising:at least one steering control unit;
power electronics;
a steering angle adjustment configuration including a toothed rack; and
an electric motor,
wherein the steering system is implemented such that the steering control unit generates steering control commands depending on the data provided by a surroundings sensor arrangement,
wherein the steering control commands are converted by the power electronics into actuation signals for the electric motor,
wherein, based on the actuation signals, the electric motor actuates the steering angle adjustment configuration,
wherein the at least one steering control unit is implemented such that, depending on the data provided by the surroundings sensor arrangement, the at least one steering control unit generates a current steering control command for a point in time t0 and at least one future steering control command for a point in time t1 and transmits the steering control commands to the power electronics, wherein t1>t0,
wherein the power electronics comprise a memory, in which the at least one future steering control command is stored,
wherein the power electronics are implemented such that, in response to a communications disruption between the at least one steering control unit and the power electronics, the stored at least one future steering control command is converted into actuation signals for the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,026,977

HUMIDIFICATION DEVICE FOR HUMIDIFYING PROCESS GASES AND FUEL CELL ARRANGEMENT COMPRISING SAME

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A humidification device for humidifying process gases for fuel cells, the humidification device comprising a stack of repeating components comprising:a water vapor-permeable membrane;
a first layer arrangement arranged on a first side of the membrane comprising:
a first flow layer for conducting a process gas to be humidified, comprising a plurality of flow channels running parallel to the membrane, the plurality of flow channels being provided in an active area of the first flow layer; and
two spacer films that adjoin the first flow layer on both sides thereof, each of the two spacer films having a circumferential frame region and a central recess bounded by the circumferential frame region, the central recess being an opening, a size of the opening corresponding to the entire active area of the first flow layer; and
a second layer arrangement arranged on a second side of the membrane comprising:
a second flow layer for conducting a humidified gas comprising a plurality of flow channels running parallel to the membrane; and
two protective films that adjoin the second flow layer on both sides thereof, with a first one of the two protective films being arranged between the membrane and a first side of the second flow layer and a second one of the two protective films arranged on a second side of the second flow layer, and each of the two protective films having a plurality of through-openings at least in active area corresponding to an active area of the second flow layer, the through-openings covering 30 to 80% of the active area of each of the two protective films,
wherein outermost edges of the first one of the two protective films are aligned with outermost edges of the membrane and outermost edges of the second flow layer, such that the outermost edges of the first one of the two protective films abuts with the outermost edges of the membrane and the outermost edges of the second flow layer.

US Pat. No. 10,024,456

ADJUSTMENT SYSTEM FOR A ROTARY VALVE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An adjustment system for a rotary valve, comprising:a drive wheel rotatably mounted about a first axis of rotation and integrally formed with a first rotary valve device, said drive wheel having a drive wheel toothing formed over only a defined partial angular span in a circumferential direction;
a driven wheel to be driven by said drive wheel about a second axis of rotation substantially parallel to said first axis of rotation, said driven wheel being integrally formed with a second rotary valve device and having a driven wheel toothing formed over only a defined partial angular span in a circumferential direction;
said drive wheel being configured for rotation to adjust said driven wheel from a first rotational position, in which said drive wheel toothing and said driven wheel toothing intermesh directly and without an interposition of a transmission, into an arresting position, in which said driven wheel is held when said drive wheel rotates further;
wherein said driven wheel is formed with an arresting projection adjoining said driven wheel toothing in a circumferential direction and which takes the form of an arresting flange projecting radially outwards, which in the arresting position prevents further rotation of the driven wheel by bearing on said drive wheel; and
wherein said arresting projection has a concavely curved outer face with a radius of curvature substantially corresponding to a radius of curvature of a peripheral face of said drive wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,548,186

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A HEATING DEVICE FOR HEATING A COMPONENT, CONTROL DEVICE AND MOTOR VEHICLE WITH SAME

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for controlling a heating device for heating a component, comprising cyclically repeating steps:operating the heating device at a heating voltage,
at a first point in time, ascertaining a current heating voltage currently supplied to the heating device,
ascertaining a mean heating voltage by averaging a plurality of voltages previously supplied to the heating device during a predetermined period of time immediately preceding the first point in time, wherein the plurality of voltages includes a component specific maximum permissible heating voltage,
in dependence upon an inverse relationship to the previously supplied mean heating voltage, determining a maximum permissible heating period for which the component may be heated when the current heating voltage or the mean heating voltage is supplied to the heating device, wherein the maximum permissible heating period is determined such that the higher the mean heating voltage is, the lower the maximum permissible heating period will be,
comparing the current heating voltage and the mean heating voltage with a predetermined minimum heating voltage, and
reducing the heating voltage of the heating device if at least one of the current heating voltage and the mean heating voltage exceeds the predetermined minimum heating voltage for the duration of the maximum permissible heating period.

US Pat. No. 10,243,887

SWITCH UNIT, ETHERNET NETWORK, AND METHOD FOR ACTIVATING COMPONENTS IN AN ETHERNET NETWORK

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A switch unit for an Ethernet network, the switch unit comprising:a switch having at least three ports that are connected to inputs and outputs of the switch unit;
a microprocessor;
a signal detector and generator that is adapted to detect and initiate a bus activity and that is arranged between the at least three ports and the inputs and outputs of the switch unit; and
a memory,
wherein, for each input and output, an allocation rule to the other inputs and outputs of the switch unit is stored in the memory,
wherein the switch unit is configured such that, when a bus activity is detected at the signal detector and generator, assigned inputs and outputs of an input and output of the signal detector and generator are read out from the memory so that the signal detector and generator generates a bus activity at the assigned inputs and outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,203,409

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE LOCALIZATION OF A VEHICLE FROM A FIXED REFERENCE MAP

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for locating a vehicle in a fixed reference map in which objects are assigned to one or more positions in the reference map, the method comprising:emitting a radar impulse at successive points of a vehicle trajectory of the vehicle, the radar impulse being emitted from a radar sensor located on the vehicle;
performing angle-resolved and time-resolved measurements of a radar impulse response received by the radar sensor;
identifying, by a processor, object positions in an environment substantially surrounding the vehicle from the angle-resolved and time-resolved measurements of the radar impulse response, wherein currently identified object positions are used to form an environment map;
identifying a vehicle position of the vehicle in the reference map by comparing the environment map to the reference map, the reference map being formed by the identified object positions and being continuously updated by merging of the identified object positions;
performing an object classification for the specific object positions in the current environment map and/or reference map; and
performing the identification of the vehicle position by taking the object classification into account.

US Pat. No. 10,173,555

EASY-ENTRY ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM FOR DIVE-DOWN VEHICLE SEATS OR SEAT SYSTEMS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An adjustment mechanism of a vehicle seat to facilitate entry into an interior of a motor vehicle, the adjustment mechanism comprising:a backrest unlocking unit of a backrest part of the vehicle seat, wherein the backrest unlocking unit carries out a first step, through which the backrest part of the vehicle seat is unlocked, and is brought into a predeterminable folded position in which the backrest part is pivoted closer to a seat part of the vehicle seat,
wherein, in the folded position of the vehicle seat, the backrest unlocking unit performs a second step, in which a first adjustment movement of the vehicle seat is carried out, wherein the backrest unlocking unit acts in a releasing manner on a slide unlocking unit of a slide carrying the vehicle seat such that the vehicle seat is horizontally displaced by the slide along a first adjustment distance and, simultaneously, the seat part is moved vertically downwards by a predetermined vertical displacement distance via at least one pivoting arm disposed in a front region of the seat part,
wherein, in a second adjustment movement, the slide subsequently acts in a releasing manner on a seat rail unlocking unit of a seat rail carrying the slide so that the vehicle seat is further advanced on the seat rail, in a third step, such that the vehicle seat is further horizontally displaced a second adjustment distance, and
wherein the slide is integrated in the seat rail, wherein the slide has a top slide and a base slide and the seat rail has a seat top rail and a seat bottom rail, wherein a top surface of the seat top rail and a top surface of the top slide disposed on the base slide are arranged inside the seat bottom rail in one plane.

US Pat. No. 10,080,401

ILLUMINATED SEAT BELT BUCKLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An illuminated seat belt buckle for a seat belt, the illuminated seat belt buckle comprising:a buckle housing;
a locking mechanism;
an insertion slot for a belt latch of the seat belt;
an actuating button for releasing the illuminated seat belt buckle; and
an illuminating device that has at least one light source and is arranged in the illuminated seat belt buckle,
wherein the buckle housing has a light-permeable and annularly closed light outlet opening from which the coupled-in light provided by the illuminating device emerges and which circumferentially surrounds the actuating button and/or the insertion slot,
wherein the buckle housing includes side walls that form side surfaces of the illuminated seat belt buckle and an annularly closed cover shell that covers distal end faces of the side walls, such that the cover shell forms an end face of the buckle housing, the cover shell having an opening for the actuating button and/or the insertion slot, and the light outlet opening being arranged in the cover shell, and
wherein the cover shell is detachably connected to the side walls of the buckle housing.

US Pat. No. 10,018,085

METHOD FOR PREVENTING A PREMATURE IGNITION IN AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for preventing a premature ignition of a cylinder charge in advance of a planned ignition point, the method which comprises:providing an internal combustion engine having a cylinder;
determining at least one of a cold-starting frequency and a poor fuel quality;
determining a probability of an occurrence of a premature ignition as a function of operating parameters of the internal combustion engine, wherein the operating parameters include at least one of the cold-starting frequency and the poor fuel quality; and
adjusting an ignition point for the cylinder of the internal combustion engine in a given operating range of the internal combustion engine such that an adjusted ignition point brings about a knocking combustion in the cylinder, wherein the ignition point is adjusted for the knocking combustion for a given period or at given time intervals in dependence on the probability.

US Pat. No. 10,551,236

METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN AIR VOLUME IN A COMBUSTION CHAMBER OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for determining an air volume in a combustion chamber of a fuel-injection internal combustion engine during a load change condition, comprising:synchronizing a throttle valve setpoint signal to an operating state criterion (tn);
determining a curve dynamics of the throttle valve position taking into account the synchronized throttle valve setpoint signal;
determining an actual air volume quantity at an ACTUAL time point (t0);
determining a desired time point (t0+?t);
predicting another air volume quantity for the desired time point (t0+?t); determining a total air volume quantity from the ACTUAL air volume quantity and the further air volume quantity for the desired time point (t0+?t).

US Pat. No. 10,455,518

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THE POWER ADJUSTMENT OF A WLAN NETWORK

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A device for adjusting the power of a WLAN network in an interior of a motor vehicle, the device comprising:a first WLAN module in the interior, the first WLAN module adapted to communicate with at least one second WLAN module in the interior; and
at least one reference WLAN module,
wherein an antenna of the first WLAN module is positioned at a first location of the motor vehicle, an antenna of the reference WLAN module is positioned at a second location of the motor vehicle spaced apart from the first location and outside of the motor vehicle, the reference WLAN module is configured to determine a signal strength of signals received from the first WLAN module and to transmit the determined signal strength to the first WLAN module, the first WLAN module is configured to adjust a transmission power of the first WLAN module based on the determined signal strength until the received signal strength at the reference WLAN module is less than a first predefined threshold value so that a signal strength of signal transmissions outside of the interior is minimized to minimize interference with other networks outside of the motor vehicle, and the first WLAN module is further configured to adjust the transmission power of the first WLAN module based on the determined signal strength so that the received signal strength at the reference WLAN module is greater than a second predefined threshold value to provide at least a minimum signal strength to the at least one second WLAN module between the first WLAN module and the reference WLAN module.

US Pat. No. 10,248,382

USER INTERFACE AND METHOD FOR ASSISTING A USER WITH THE OPERATION OF AN OPERATING UNIT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method of operating a touch-sensitive operator control unit for a vehicle, comprising:displaying a graphical symbol on the operator control unit;
detecting the presence of input means in a predefined first area in front of the operator control unit in an area of the displayed graphical symbol, wherein the predefined first area comprises an area parallel above a surface of the operator control unit; and
generating a predefined first audio output comprising a context-specific sound associated with a vehicle function of the graphical display symbol in response to the detected presence of the input means; and
detecting direct contact of the input means with the displayed graphical symbol to cause execution of the vehicle function; and
generating another predefined audio output comprising a context-specific sound associated with the vehicle function of the graphical display symbol in response to the detected direct contact with the displayed graphical symbol.

US Pat. No. 10,213,961

PLASTIC-METAL HYBRID COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for the production of a plastic-metal hybrid component consisting of a metal body and a fiber composite intermediate that is integrally bonded to the body, whereby the method comprises the following steps:(i) providing a fiber composite intermediate on the basis of polyamide in which at least part of the surface of the intermediate is made up of a polymer composition containing the following:
a) 100 parts by weight of a polyamide;
b) 0.5 to 20 parts by weight of one or more adhesion-promoting additives having formula (I):
MaM?bDcD?d  (I)
wherein
M=[R3SiO1/2]
M?=[R?R2SiO1/2]
D=[R2SiO2/2]
D?=[R?RSiO2/2]
wherein each R, independently of each other, stands for methyl or phenyl and R? is a glycidyloxypropyl radical having formula (II)

and wherein the following applies to the indices:
a=0 to 2
b=0 to 2
c=10 to 500
d=0 to 50
a+b=2 and
b+d?2;
(ii) providing a metal body;
(iii) optionally, pretreating the surface of the metal body in order to create, for example, OH functionalities;
(iv) placing the metal body and the fiber composite intermediate into a pressing tool and closing the tool; and
(v) making an integrally bonded connection between the fiber composite intermediate and the metal body by pressing them under pressure and at a certain temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,203,261

FLUID MEASURING DEVICE AND MEASURING HEAD DEVICE FOR MOISTURE DETECTION, IN PARTICULAR IN CONTAINERS FOR FLUID-SENSITIVE ELECTRICAL AND/OR ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS IN ROAD VEHICLES

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A fluid measuring device for at least one of fluid-sensitive electrical or electronic components of road vehicles, the fluid measuring device comprising:a measuring head device having a measuring head including at least two electrodes being held in such a way as to be separated from each other and electrically insulated with respect to each other, said measuring head including two measuring head contacts each being electrically conductively connected to a respective one of said at least two electrodes in said measuring head;
a measuring circuit including two terminal contacts, each of said terminal contacts being electrically connected to a respective one of said measuring head contacts, said measuring circuit including a pulsed current source for pulsed energizing of said measuring head connected to said terminal contacts, and said measuring circuit including an output circuit connected between said terminal contacts and having at least one measuring capacitor and an evaluation circuit for ascertaining state-of-charge information regarding said measuring capacitor in said output circuit; and
a supplementary circuit formed in said measuring head, connected to said measuring head contacts and establishing basic capacitance and basic resistance properties between said measuring head contacts corresponding to capacitance and resistance properties between said measuring head contacts setting-in in an event of contact occurring with a predefined partial wetting of said at least two electrodes caused by a conductive fluid having a predefined conductivity without an existence of said supplementary circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,189,482

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERSONALIZED SETTINGS FOR DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A system for controlling operation of a vehicle, comprising:a processor;
a driver assistance system, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the driver assistance system is configured to control one or more functions on the vehicle using driver assistance system data, at least some of which is associated with a first driver profile data; and
a storage for storing a second driver profile data, wherein the second driver profile data comprises training data relating to another driver's usage characteristics for at least one feature of a vehicle type,
wherein the processor is configured to process the second driver profile data with the driver assistance system data to determine if at least portions of the second driver profile data conform to a tolerance parameter of the driver assistance system data,
and wherein the processor is configured to overwrite the portions of the first driver profile data with the second driver profile data conforming to the tolerance parameters, and save the overwritten driver assistance system data as a new driver profile data file that is configured to control one or more functions on the vehicle using the driver assistance system.

US Pat. No. 10,557,422

AIR CHARGE DETERMINATION METHOD, ENGINE CONTROL UNIT AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for determining a quantity of air within a cylinder of an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:scaling an intake manifold pressure and an exhaust gas pressure in dependence on an actual ambient air pressure and a standard ambient air pressure in order to provide a scaled intake manifold pressure and a scaled exhaust gas pressure;
implementing an air charge calculating algorithm produced under a standard ambient air pressure operating condition, in order to determine a standard quantity of air based on the scaled intake manifold pressure and the scaled exhaust gas pressure; and
scaling the standard quantity of air in dependence on the actual ambient air pressure and the standard ambient air pressure in order to calculate the quantity of air within the cylinder of the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,508,730

METHOD FOR AN OPEN-LOOP AND/OR CLOSED-LOOP CONTROL OF A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for at least one of an open-loop control and a closed-loop control of a hydraulic system of a motor vehicle, the method comprising:providing a main oil pump driven by an internal combustion engine;
providing an additional oil pump driven by an electric motor;
providing a high-pressure branch, wherein the high-pressure branch is at least partially fed by the main oil pump;
providing a low-pressure branch;
feeding one of the high-pressure branch and the low-pressure branch through use of the additional oil pump depending on a switch position of a switching valve, wherein the additional oil pump is used for feeding one of the high-pressure branch and the low-pressure branch depending on a total volume flow demand and a volume flow available from the main oil pump; and
determining a nominal rotation speed of the electric motor based on a volume flow balance, a valve status of the switching valve, and one of a low-pressure pump map and a high-pressure pump map, wherein, depending on the valve status of the switching valve, either the low-pressure pump map or the high-pressure pump map is used for determining the nominal rotation speed of the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,328,931

METHOD FOR OPERATING A HYBRID VEHICLE AND HYBRID VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for operating a hybrid vehicle comprising a drive, an operating element, and a control unit connected to the drive and operating element, wherein the drive comprises an internal combustion engine and an energy converter, and the energy converter comprises an electric machine operated for recuperation purposes, the method comprising the following steps:gliding the hybrid vehicle when the drive is not in a propulsion mode of operation and when an electric motor is operated in a recuperation intensity stage in a first drive state,
determining, by the control unit, a duration of an actuation of the operating element,
determining, by the control unit, whether a condition is present by determining if the duration is below a time threshold value, and
when the condition is present, changing over from the first drive state to a second drive state, and operating the hybrid vehicle in the second drive state.

US Pat. No. 10,263,500

ELECTRICAL MACHINE INCLUDING A MAGNETIC FLUX WEAKENING APPARATUS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. An electric machine comprising:a housing;
a stator fixed with respect to said housing;
a rotor having a magnetic field generating device for generating a magnetic flux, wherein said rotor is disposed to be coaxially rotatable relative to said stator and wherein a gap is formed between said stator and said rotor;
a flux changing apparatus including a body, said body being displaceable in an axial manner relative to said rotor and being disposed axially outside said magnetic field generating device so as to change a magnetic flux within the gap in dependence upon an axial position of said body relative to said rotor;
said flux changing apparatus including an adjusting device for axially adjusting the axial position of said body relative to said rotor;
said adjusting device including an actuator and an adjusting element; and
said actuator acting on said body via said adjusting element and said adjusting element engaging with at least one of said body and said actuator in such a manner that a rotational movement of said body is decouplable from at least one element selected from the group consisting of said adjusting element, said housing, said rotor, and said actuator, wherein said body is displaceable toward an axial end face of said rotor so as to produce a magnetic short circuit at least of a portion of leakage magnetic flux components of said rotor at said axial end face of said rotor, wherein said body has an end face facing said rotor and has a structuring on said end face facing said rotor and wherein said magnetic field generating device generates a magnetic flux on said axial end face of said rotor, said structuring on said end face facing said rotor is adapted to said magnetic field generating device in order to allow a targeted magnetic flux weakening.

US Pat. No. 10,239,495

WINDSHIELD WIPER ASSEMBLY

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A windshield wiper assembly for a vehicle, comprising:at least one wiper arm;
a drive device that includes an electric motor having a pole-well and a transmission, which is drivable by the electric motor and is operatively connected/operatively connectable to the at least one wiper arm; and
a fastener adapted to fasten the drive device on the vehicle, the fastener having a bracket that encompasses the pole-well of the electric motor at least in some areas, the bracket having a first end and a second end, the first end attaching to the pole-well and the second end being a free end that protrudes from the pole-well and is fastened to the vehicle at a connecting point,
wherein the bracket has a bottom surface that faces the connecting point and the pole-well and an upper surface that faces away from the connecting point and the pole-well,
wherein the bracket includes at least one reinforcement rib that protrudes from the upper surface of the bracket in a direction away from the connecting point and the pole-well, the at least one reinforcement rib extending along peripheral edges of the upper surface of at least the free end of the bracket, and
wherein the free end of the bracket is a planar portion that extends along a plane and wherein a rotating axis of the pole-well lies in the plane of the free end of the bracket, such that in a height direction that extends from a bottom of the pole-well to a top of the pole-well to which the first end of the bracket is attached, the free end of the bracket is positioned at a same height as the rotating axis of the pole-well.

US Pat. No. 10,189,508

TWO-TRACK VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A two-track vehicle comprising:a body-floor assembly;
a component sensitive to scraping a road surface arranged on a lower face of the body-floor assembly, wherein an outer contour of the component protrudes downwardly from the lower face of the body-floor assembly in the direction of the road surface by an offset distance,
wherein the component is covered by a base portion of a cover element on a floor side of the component to protect the component from scraping the road surface,
wherein the base portion of the cover element is laterally extended in a vehicle transverse direction by at least one edge portion which forms a scraper stop,
wherein the scraper stop protrudes downwardly from the cover element base portion in the direction of the road surface by a vertical offset distance such that, when the lower face of the vehicle scrapes the road surface, the cover element base portion remains substantially out of contact with an interference contour on the road surface side.

US Pat. No. 10,183,679

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERSONALIZED SETTINGS FOR DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A system for controlling operation of a vehicle, comprising:a processor;
a driver assistance system, operatively coupled to the processor, wherein the driver assistance system is configured to control one or more functions on the vehicle using driver assistance system data, at least some of which is associated with a first driver profile data; and
a storage for storing a second driver profile data, wherein the second driver profile data comprises training data relating to a driver's usage characteristics for at least one feature of a vehicle type,
wherein the processor is configured to process the second driver profile data to determine if at least portions of the second driver profile data conform to a safety metric relating to the vehicle,
and wherein the processor is configured to weigh a portion of the second driver profile data to conform non-conforming portions of the second driver profile data to the safety metric, wherein the safety metric comprises at least one maximum and/or minimum threshold for a vehicle performance characteristic of the one or more functions,
and wherein the processor is configured to overwrite at least a portion of the first driver profile data with the conformed second driver profile data to generate a driver profile data file that is configured to control one or more functions on the vehicle using the driver assistance system.

US Pat. No. 10,115,517

COIL ARRANGEMENT FOR GENERATING A ROTATING ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD AND POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A POSITION OF AN IDENTIFICATION TRANSMITTER

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A coil arrangement for generating a rotating electromagnetic field, the coil arrangement comprising:at least three coils, each coil having at least one associated coil winding;
a ferromagnetic coil yoke that establishes a magnetic coupling between the at least three coils, and
at least three capacitors, a first capacitor of the at least three capacitors being connected in series to a first coil of the at least three coils, a second capacitor of the at least three capacitors being connected in series to a second coil of the at least three coils and a third capacitor of the at least three capacitors being connected in series to a third coil of the at least three coils,
wherein two or more coil windings, each having a number of windings that may be actuated jointly or separately, are arranged per coil of the at least three coils, and
wherein the coil arrangement further comprises at least three additional capacitors, a first additional capacitor of the at least three additional capacitors being connected in parallel to one of the two or more coil windings of the first coil of the at least three coils, a second additional capacitor of the at least three additional capacitors being connected in parallel to one of the two or more coil windings of the second coil of the at least three coils and a third additional capacitor of the at least three additional capacitors being connected in parallel to one of the two or more coil windings of the third coil of the at least three coils.

US Pat. No. 10,018,127

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ADJUSTING A VOLUMETRIC EFFICIENCY AND A CHARGE DENSITY IN AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:determining a dynamic setpoint quantity for the internal combustion engine as a function of a difference between a load demand upon the internal combustion engine and a current load output of the internal combustion engine;
determining an adjustment range of a valve lift of a variable valve gear as a function of the current load output, wherein the variable valve gear has one of discrete valve lift curves and a continuously variable valve lift curve and wherein the variable valve gear has an inlet side and exhaust side phase adjustment;
determining an adjustment range of a phase angle of an inlet camshaft of the variable valve gear as a function of the current load output;
determining an adjustment range of a phase angle of an exhaust camshaft of the variable valve gear as a function of the current load output; and
adjusting a volumetric efficiency of the internal combustion engine and a charge density in an intake pipe of the internal combustion engine as a function of the dynamic setpoint quantity, wherein the variable valve gear adjusts the volumetric efficiency of the internal combustion engine by adjusting the valve lift, the phase angle of the inlet camshaft and the phase angle of the exhaust camshaft as a function of the dynamic setpoint quantity within respective determined adjustment ranges, and wherein a compressor adjusts the charge density in the intake pipe of the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,557,938

SENSOR SYSTEM, MOTOR VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR CLEANING AN ULTRASONIC SENSOR

VALEO Schalter und Sensor...

1. A sensor system for distance measuring for a motor vehicle, comprising:at least one ultrasonic sensor with a sensor housing and at least one membrane with a membrane diameter that is capable of being electrically stimulated into vibrations, and
a control unit for controlling the at least one membrane and for detecting vibrations of the at least one membrane, wherein the control unit is configured to stimulate in a measuring mode the at least one membrane into vibrations with a measuring frequency and a measuring amplitude,
characterized in that
the control unit is configured to stimulate the at least one membrane in a cleaning mode into such vibrations that the sensor housing is put into vibrations with a housing amplitude that amounts to at least 1% of the membrane diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,302,023

METHOD AND CONTROL UNIT FOR CARRYING OUT A GAS EXCHANGE IN A CYLINDER OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING SUCH A CONTROL UNIT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

14. A control device for carrying out a gas exchange in a cylinder of an internal combustion engine, wherein the cylinder is connected via a valve to a gas line section, wherein an actuator for adjusting a gas pressure in the gas line section is provided in the gas line section, wherein the valve closes at a fixed point in time in a working cycle of the internal combustion engine in case of a constant torque of the internal combustion engine, the control device comprising:an interface for receiving a torque change request;
a processor module operatively connected to said interface;
said processor module recognizing a torque change request;
said processor module determining a target value for the gas pressure in the gas line section in dependence on the torque change request, and said processor module subsequently determining a variable point in time for closing the valve as a result of the torque change request, wherein the variable point in time is shifted in the working cycle relative to the fixed point in time in dependence on the target value of the gas pressure; and
said processor module effecting a control of the actuator as a result of the torque change request such that the target value of the gas pressure prevails in the gas line section.

US Pat. No. 10,304,333

METHOD AND VEHICLE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A DRIVING INTENTION FOR A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for determining a driving intention for a transportation vehicle, wherein the driving intention comprises information about a predicted driving maneuver, the method comprising:determining a position of the transportation vehicle;
identifying a section of road based on the position of the transportation vehicle and a digital map;
assigning two or more possible driving intentions to the identified section of road;
obtaining information about internal trigger variables based on on-board sensors or actuators of the transportation vehicle;
assigning one or more triggering conditions to the two or more possible driving intentions and assigning probability of intention to each of the one or more trigger conditions if met; and
determining the driving intention based on the identified section of road, the information about the internal trigger variables and the one or more triggering conditions.

US Pat. No. 10,232,880

LANE-KEEPING ASSISTANT

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for controlling lane keeping of a motor vehicle, wherein the motor vehicle has a lane keeping assistant having at least the states inactive and active used for keeping the vehicle in its own lane, the method comprising:checking whether the vehicle is drifting onto the opposite carriageway;
checking whether there is oncoming traffic on the opposite carriageway;
activating the lane keeping assistant if the vehicle is drifting onto the opposite carriageway and there is oncoming traffic; and
controlling the lane keeping assistant with respect to oncoming object by activating steering intervention, the oncoming vehicle being interpreted as a lane boundary for the vehicle's own lane.

US Pat. No. 10,125,943

MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE HEADLAMP WITH A FRONT HOUSING

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A motor vehicle headlamp comprising:a housing;
at least one main light source arranged in the housing;
at least one additional lamp;
a heat sink for cooling the at least one additional lamp;
an at least partially transparent external lens that seals the housing from an outside environment of the motor vehicle headlamp, the external lens having an inner side facing an interior of the housing and an outer side facing the outside environment;
a front housing arranged in front of the outer side of the external lens; and
a light-guiding element arranged in or on the front housing, the light-guiding element at least partially filling the interior of the front housing or forms at least a portion of a wall of the front housing, the light-guiding element being adapted to guide light radiated from the at least one additional lamp,
wherein the light-guiding element is an elongated light guide, and
wherein at least one region of the wall of the front housing facing the external lens is configured as a lens through which the at least one additional lamp radiates light into the front housing and behind which are arranged inside the front housing, on the interior, reflecting optics via which incident light is deflected into the elongated light guide.

US Pat. No. 10,014,757

POLYMER-BASED LAYER STRUCTURE WITH AN OLEOPHOBIC/HYDROPHOBIC SURFACE, AND ELECTRIC MACHINE COMPRISING SUCH A LAYER STRUCTURE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A polymer-based layer structure with an oleophobic-hydrophobic surface configured to coat, seal and/or join technical components or parts thereof, said polymer-based layer structure comprising:a first layer comprising a first polymer,
a second layer adjoining the first layer, said second layer comprising a second polymer having distributed therein particles comprising a fluoropolymer, and
an outer layer adjoining the second layer, said outer layer comprising a fluorocarbon compound having at least one functional group, and particles distributed in the fluorocarbon, said particles comprising a fluoropolymer, wherein the fluorocarbon compound is a fluorotenside selected from the group consisting of:
partially fluorinated or perfluorinated phosphoric acid esters comprising monoesters, diesters and triesters of phosphoric acid, diphosphoric acid ester and triphosphoric acid ester;
partially fluorinated or perfluorinated phosphonic acid esters, comprising monoesters and diesters of phosphonic acid, diphosphonic acid ester and triphosphonic acid ester;
partially fluorinated or perfluorinated sulfonic acids;
partially fluorinated or perfluorinated sulfuric acid esters;
partially fluorinated or perfluorinated carboxylic acids;
oligomers or telomers thereof;
salts thereof; and
mixtures thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,543,648

PROCESSING ARRANGEMENT AND A METHOD FOR PRODUCING A FIBER-REINFORCED PLASTIC COMPONENT

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A process arrangement for the production of a fiber-reinforced plastics component, comprising:a manufacture and assembly unit for the provision of at least one continuous-fiber-reinforced semifinished textile fiber product with reactive thermoplastic matrix material, with formation of trimming residues made of a composite of fibers and of the reactive thermoplastic matrix material,
a cutting unit, wherein the manufacture and assembly unit and cutting unit comprise a continuous transport belt on which:
the manufacture and assembly unit preimpregnates at least one continuous web made of a texture structure with a liquid starting component of the reactive thermoplastic matrix material in the manufacturing unit in a continuous process, and
after impregnation, the cutting unit performs edge-trimming in which the preimpregnated continuous structure is cut to size to give the continuous-fiber-reinforced semifinished textile fiber product with reactive thermoplastic matrix material, with formation of an edge-trimming residue, composed of the composite of fibers and of reactive thermoplastic matrix material,
wherein the manufacture and assembly unit comprises a cooling unit upstream from the cutting unit,
a press unit and/or thermoforming unit in which the continuous-fiber-reinforced semifinished textile fiber product with reactive thermoplastic matrix material is heated to a temperature above the polymerization temperature and at the same time can be pressed and/or thermoformed into the shape of the required plastics component, and
a recycling unit into which the trimming residues made of the composite of fibers and of reactive thermoplastic matrix material can be supplied for the provision of a recyclate as reactive, as yet unpolymerized starting material for the production of a further component or for the functionalization of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,507,765

METHOD, DEVICE AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR IDENTIFYING AN EXIT SIDE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A system for identifying an exit side of a motor vehicle having:at least one of a vehicle sensor for acquiring and determining external environmental data of an external environment surrounding the motor vehicle, acquired based on an actual position of the motor vehicle; and a navigation system for determining position data of the motor vehicle;
circuitry, connected with one or more of the vehicle sensor and the navigation system, wherein the circuitry is adapted for identifying the exit side of the motor vehicle based on one or more of the external environmental data and the position data; and
a controller, connected with the circuitry, the controller being configured for replicating an opening of a door on the identified exit side using a stimulus on the identified exit side, wherein the stimulus is perceivable by a vehicle occupant;
wherein the replicating of the opening of the door comprises: replicating to the vehicle occupant, before the vehicle occupant gets off from the motor vehicle and without opening the door, at least part of the external environment surrounding the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,489,020

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SELECTING AN OPERATION MODE FOR A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for selecting an operating mode for a vehicle which has at least two operating modes, the method comprising:generating and outputting graphics data of a graphic user interface, wherein the graphic user interface comprises a background display and at least two selectable control buttons, wherein the control buttons are each assigned to an operating mode of the vehicle, and each control button includes a graphic image;
detecting a selection of a control button;
generating and transmitting to a control device of the vehicle a control signal as a function of the operating mode assigned to the selected control button; and
displaying, as the background display, a depiction of roadway surface which the vehicle occupies and a display of virtual surroundings apart from the roadway surface which the vehicle occupies including at least one aspect of landscape objects formed as a function of the presently selected operating mode, wherein the graphic image of each control button corresponds with the virtual surroundings for the operating mode to which the respective control button is assigned.

US Pat. No. 10,476,401

DEVICE FOR CONVERTING VOLTAGE, TRACTION NETWORK AND METHOD FOR CHARGING A BATTERY

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A device for converting voltage comprising a converter and a controller, wherein the converter has a two-pole DC voltage connection for connecting a battery and a three-pole AC voltage connection for connecting an electric machine, wherein the converter has three half bridges wherein two transistors with freewheeling diodes are arranged in the upper part as well as in the lower part of each half bridge, wherein central taps of the half bridges are connectable to the AC voltage connection and a DC link capacitor is arranged parallel to the DC voltage connection and consists of at least two series-connected capacitors, wherein the common connecting point forms a neutral point, wherein the half bridges are assigned two diodes, wherein the two diodes are series-connected and connect central taps of the upper part and the lower part of the half bridges, wherein at least one half bridge is assigned two switching elements, wherein the first switching element, when in a first switched position, connects a central tap between the two diodes to the neutral point and, when in a second switched position, connects the central tap between the two diodes to a positive charging connection for an external DC voltage source, wherein the second switching element, when in a first switched position, connects the central tap of the half bridge to a pole of the AC voltage connection and, when in a second switched position, connects the central tap of the half bridge to the negative pole of the DC voltage connection, wherein the controller is designed to control the switching elements from the first switched position to the second switched position depending on an intended external charging process.

US Pat. No. 10,437,376

USER INTERFACE AND METHOD FOR ASSISTING A USER IN THE OPERATION OF AN OPERATOR CONTROL UNIT

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

11. A Human Machine Interface installed in a motor vehicle, comprising:a touch-sensitive operator control unit configured to display a graphical symbol associated with a primary function on the operator control unit;
a detection device configured to detect a presence of input means in a predefined first area in front of the operator control unit in an area of the displayed graphical symbol, wherein the predefined first area comprises an area parallel above a surface of the operator control unit; and
a processing device, operatively coupled to the detection device and the operator control unit, wherein the processing device is configured to
execute a timer comprising a predetermined time segment in response to the detected presence of the input means,
execute the primary function to activate a function associated with the operator control unit if the presence of the input means is detected during a first portion of the predetermined time segment, and
execute a secondary function associated with the graphical symbol on the operating unit if the presence of the input means is still detected after a portion of the predetermined time segment has expired.

US Pat. No. 10,434,865

HYBRID DRIVE MODULE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A hybrid drive module for a motor vehicle, the hybrid drive module comprising:at least one electric machine having a rotor;
a transmission input shaft;
at least one clutch having an outer disk carrier, an inner disk carrier, outer disks disposed on said outer disk carrier and inner disks disposed on said inner disk carrier;
said outer disk carrier being at least one of operatively connected or configured to be operatively connected to said rotor and to said transmission input shaft;
said inner disk carrier being at least one of operatively connected or configured to be operatively connected to an internal combustion engine; and
a dual-mass flywheel and a centrifugal force pendulum being spatially separated from one another, said centrifugal force pendulum being operatively connected to said inner disk carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,432,300

DEVICE, VEHICLE, MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR A MOBILE BASE STATION TRANSCEIVER

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A transportation vehicle comprising:an apparatus for a mobile base station transceiver of a mobile communication system, wherein the mobile communication system further has at least one fixed base station transceiver and at least one further mobile base station transceiver,
wherein the apparatus comprises a transceiver module for communication with at least one fixed base station transceiver in a coverage area of the at least one fixed base station transceiver,
wherein the transceiver module provides a mobile coverage area for the at least one further mobile base station transceiver, the mobile coverage area projecting beyond the coverage area of the at least one fixed base station transceiver at least to some extent by an extended coverage area,
wherein the mobile base station transceiver is supplied with the power required for operation by the transportation vehicle and/or uses the antennas of the transportation vehicle for communication with the at least one fixed base station transceiver and/or for communication with the at least one further mobile base station transceiver and/or for communication with the at least one mobile transceiver, and
wherein the transportation vehicle further comprises a control module for controlling the transceiver module by allocating radio resources of the mobile communication system or of another mobile communication system to the transceiver module based on a trajectory of the mobile base station transceiver, wherein the trajectory is being determined from a position and a motion vector of the mobile base station transceiver, and based on a piece of frequency use information along the trajectory, such that the allocation results in an increased bandwidth being available to the transceiver module following interference management or targeted radio resource management.

US Pat. No. 10,358,027

SERIES OF MOUNTING SUPPORTS AND MOUNTING SUPPORT FOR FASTENING RADIATOR MODULES, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MOUNTING SUPPORTS

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A series of mounting supports for fastening radiator modules in a front end of a motor vehicle, each of the mounting supports comprising:a frame, which includes an upper cross member, two lateral vertical members and a lower cross member;
at least one upper bearing area for mounting a radiator module;
at least one lower bearing area for mounting a radiator module arranged on the frame; and
at least two adapter elements arranged on the mounting support in the upper bearing area and in the lower bearing area for establishing a connection between the mounting support and a radiator module, the at least two adapter elements facilitating a fastening of the radiator modules in different relative positions to the mounting support,
wherein one adapter element of the at least two adapter elements that is arranged in the upper bearing area is latched to an inner side surface of one of the two vertical members.

US Pat. No. 10,339,951

AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING IN A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for audio signal processing in a vehicle comprising:generating a mono audio signal based on a multichannel audio source signal;
limiting the mono audio signal to a frequency range between a given lower frequency and a given upper frequency;
outputting the limited mono audio signal via a plurality of speakers in the vehicle; and
compensating an influence of the limited mono audio signal output by the plurality of speakers on a speech audio signal received by a microphone in the vehicle by means of the limited mono audio signal; wherein
the given lower frequency has a value within a range of 100 Hz to 300 Hz and the given upper frequency has a value within a range of 4 kHz to 8 kHz.

US Pat. No. 10,261,593

USER INTERFACE, MEANS OF MOVEMENT, AND METHODS FOR RECOGNIZING A USER'S HAND

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A system for detecting a hand orientation, comprising:a sensor for detecting a hand of a user in free space;
a processing apparatus, operatively coupled to the sensor, the processing apparatus being configured to
detect a plurality of surface points of the detected hand;
process the plurality of surface points to determine if the plurality of surface points of the detected hand are arranged in at least one of a substantially concave area relative to the sensor, and/or a substantially convex area relative to the sensor;
identify the detected hand as a palm of the hand directed towards the sensor if the processing apparatus determines the plurality of surface points of the detected hand are arranged in a substantially concave area relative to the sensor; and
identify the detected hand as a back of the hand directed towards the sensor if the processing apparatus determines the plurality of surface points of the detected hand are arranged in a substantially convex area relative to the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,259,343

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ADJUSTING AT LEAST A FIRST MOVABLE SEAT ELEMENT OF A VEHICLE SEAT

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for adjusting at least a first movable seat element of a vehicle seat, in whicha graphic element of the vehicle seat to be adjusted is displayed with at least one graphic element of the first seat element on a display surface;
in order to adjust the first seat element, a first switching element and a second switching element are displayed on the display surface, wherein the first switching element comprises a first graphic arrow element and the second switching element comprises a second graphic arrow element, which graphic arrow elements indicate opposite directions for moving the first seat element;
upon actuating the first switching element, a control signal is generated, by which the first seat element is moved in a first direction; and
due to the control signal and at the same time, the graphic element of the first seat element is moved; wherein
the vehicle seat to be adjusted has a pair of seat elements, comprising a second seat element and a third seat element, which are movable towards one another and away from one another;
the graphic element of the vehicle seat to be adjusted shows graphic elements for the second and third seat elements that are displayed on the display surface;
in order to adjust the pair of seat elements, a third switching element, which comprises a third graphic arrow element and a fourth graphic arrow element, and which point away from one another, and a fourth switching element, which comprises a fifth arrow element and a sixth arrow element, which point towards one another are displayed on the display surface; and
upon actuating the third switching element, a control signal is generated, by which the second and third seat elements of the pair of seat elements are moved away from one another and, at the same time, the graphic elements of the second and third seat elements are moved and on actuating the fourth switching element, a control signal is generated, by which the second and third seat elements of the pair of seat elements are moved towards one another and, at the same time, the graphic elements of the second and third seat elements are moved.

US Pat. No. 10,185,485

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING A GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE IN A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for providing a graphical user interface in a transportation vehicle, the method comprising:displaying graphical objects completely on a display surface in a first operating mode of a display apparatus, wherein the graphical objects are divided into a first set of graphical objects and a second set of graphical objects;
reducing the display surface in a second operating mode of the display apparatus, wherein the display surface is divided into a viewable part and a non-viewable part, so that, following a change from the first operating mode to the second operating mode, the graphical objects of the first set are displayed completely on the viewable part of the display surface and the graphical objects of the second set are at least partially not displayed on the viewable part of the display surface, and wherein a detection area is formed in front of the viewable and/or the non-viewable part of the display surface;
detecting an operating action of a user in the second operating mode; and
arranging the graphical objects of the second set on the display surface in response to detection of the operating action during the second operating mode so that at least one of the graphical objects of the second set is displayed completely on the viewable part of the display surface and at least one of the graphical objects of the first set is at least partially hidden from view by a passenger compartment cover of the transportation vehicle, wherein the operating action is a swiping gesture of a user which can be performed by an actuation element, a first graphical object of the first set in a first position on the display surface is determined, the swiping gesture beginning at said object, a trajectory of the actuation element is detected in the detection area, a second graphical object of the second set in a second position on the display surface is determined, said object being closest to an end point of the trajectory, wherein the end point of the trajectory is the point at which the actuation element leaves the detection area, and when the actuation element has left the detection area, the second graphical object is displayed at the first position and the first graphical object is displayed at the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,151,134

METHOD FOR OPENING A MOVABLE PANEL OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE AND CORRESPONDING OPENING CONTROL DEVICE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for opening a movable panel of a motor vehicle, comprising:activating at least one virtual switch with projection of at least one light spot with which an authorized user has to interact;
determining if there is an intention to open the movable panel; and
authorizing the opening of the movable panel when an intention to open the movable panel is detected,
wherein determining the intention to open the movable panel comprises:
acquiring a measurement signal of a movement performed by the user in a measurement area,
eliminating the noise by filtering the signal,
identifying when the movement performed by the user is according to a predefined triggering sequence in a predefined correct order with at least the following steps: moving at least one user's part towards the light spot, keeping the user's part in the light spot and moving the user's part outside the light spot, and determining if at least one step of the movement performed by the user meets a predefined specific time condition;
measuring the time elapsed between activating the virtual switch and the moment of placing the user's part in the light spot, and determining when the measured time is comprised in a predefined time window, the filtering of the signal being executed by using a mean average filter with zero-order hold, and
calculating a reference value based on a floor measurement; and
comparing the filtered signal with the reference value to identify when the movement performed by the user is according to the predefined triggering sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,107,210

METHOD FOR SWITCHING, IN AN EFFICIENCY-OPTIMIZED MANNER, A FOUR-STROKE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE INCLUDING A PLURALITY OF CYLINDERS AND A FULLY VARIABLE VALVE TRAIN BETWEEN A FULL CYLINDER OPERATION AND A PARTIAL CYLINDER OPERATION

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:providing a four-stroke internal combustion engine having a plurality of cylinders, a fully variable valve train, and at least one phase adjuster for changing a time of a maximum valve lift of inlet valves, wherein the four-stroke internal combustion engine is configured so as to be capable of being switched over between a full cylinder operation and a partial cylinder operation, wherein at least one of the cylinders is switched off in the partial cylinder operation and, to this end, valves of the at least one cylinder are moved into a zero lift position and remaining ones of the cylinders continue to run;
setting a valve lift of the inlet valves of all of the cylinders temporarily to a maximum lift during a switchover between the full cylinder operation and the partial cylinder operation; and
performing at least one of step a) and step b) during the switchover of the four-stroke internal combustion engine between the full cylinder operation and the partial cylinder operation, wherein in step a), in an early switchover phase, the valve lift is increased at all of the cylinders and, at the same time, the time of the maximum valve lift is adjusted in an early direction by the at least one phase adjuster, and wherein in step b), in a late switchover phase, the valve lift is reduced at least at those of the cylinders which are to continue to run after the switchover, and, at the same time, the time of the maximum valve lift is adjusted in a late direction.

US Pat. No. 10,458,619

LIGHTING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A lighting device for a motor vehicle, the lighting device comprising:a housing that is covered by a lens in a light main radiation direction;
at least one supporting plate for multiple illuminants, different light functions being assigned to the illuminants; and
a recess formed in a wall of the housing that at least partially provides a function of a reflector and is assigned to one of the light functions, the recess having a volume that is multiple times smaller compared to a remainder of the housing volume, and only a part of the supporting plate including at least one of the illuminants projects into the recess, the part of the supporting plate being multiple times smaller than a remaining part of the supporting plate that supports the illuminants for the other light functions,
wherein the at least one supporting plate and the part of the supporting plate that projects into the recess together form a single flat plate that defines a single plane, and
wherein a screen is arranged between the housing and the lens, the screen having an opening at least in an area of the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,308,165

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE LIGHT EMISSION OF A REAR LIGHT OF A VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for controlling a light emission of a rear light of a vehicle, the method comprising:providing the rear light with optical components having emitting surfaces with at least three partial emitting surfaces; and
generating at least a first and a second light function via the light emission of the emitting surfaces, wherein, after a switchover process from the first to the second light function, a first partial emitting surface, which emits light for the first light function, no longer emits light, a second partial emitting surface, which emits light for the first light function, continues to emit light, and a third partial emitting surface, which does not emit light for the first light function, emits light,
wherein the first light function is a taillight function and the second light function is a braking light function.

US Pat. No. 10,302,169

HYDRAULIC VIBRATION DAMPER

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A hydraulic vibration damper comprising:a container;
an inner tube arranged in the container;
a piston disposed axially movable in the inner tube, and an internal space of the inner tube being divided into a first working chamber and a second working chamber;
a sealing element, via which the piston rests against the inner tube in order to seal off the first working chamber from the second working chamber;
an electrically controllable valve, for connecting the first working chamber and second working chamber, arranged on the piston; and
a bottom valve disposed at one axial end portion of the inner tube in order to connect the second working chamber to a compensation space formed between the container and the inner tube,
wherein a portion of the bottom valve projects axially into the second working chamber,
wherein the piston has an operating position in which the piston radially surrounds the portion of the bottom valve that projects into the second working chamber,
wherein in the operating position, the sealing element is at a height of the bottom valve,
wherein the piston has a cover on an end face that points to the bottom valve, and wherein the sealing element is arranged on the cover,
wherein the piston comprises a valve housing that receives the electrically controllable valve, and wherein the cover is attached to the valve housing, and
wherein the electrically controllable valve is fixed via the cover in the valve housing.

US Pat. No. 10,248,132

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR VISUALIZATION OF AN ENVIRONMENT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method of visualizing an environment of a motor vehicle using at least one vehicle-installed camera for detecting an environment of the motor vehicle, at least one display unit, and an evaluation and control unit, which depicts images of the environment on the display unit in dependence of images from the at least one camera,wherein at least one device is provided for detecting a head position of a vehicle passenger, wherein the depiction on the display unit is adapted depending on the detected head position and the position of the display unit, so that the vehicle passenger sees a depiction of the environment of the motor vehicle that the vehicle passenger would see if the display unit were a transparent window of the motor vehicle, wherein
the display unit is a component of a mobile device, wherein the position of the display unit is determined by an internal sensor system, wherein
the mobile device acquires images of the interior with a camera of the mobile device, and the position of the display unit is determined by comparing the images with previously saved images of the interior.

US Pat. No. 10,151,258

METHOD AND ENGINE CONTROL DEVICE FOR IDENTIFYING A LONGITUDINAL JERKING OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for identifying a longitudinal jerking of a motor vehicle, the method comprising:recording a wheel speed of a driven wheel and a wheel speed of a non-driven wheel; and
detecting the longitudinal jerking of the motor vehicle by comparing a change in the wheel speed of the driven wheel with a change in the wheel speed of the non-driven wheel in order to detect the longitudinal jerking as a result of a vibration stimulation in a drive train.

US Pat. No. 10,655,642

COMPRESSOR, EXHAUST GAS TURBOCHARGER AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION MACHINE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A compressor for an internal combustion machine, comprising:a compressor casing;
a compressor impeller rotatably mounted in said compressor casing;
a wall delimiting an intake section, said intake section being disposed upstream of said compressor impeller in an operating flow direction of a gas to be compressed;
a circumferential step integrated into said wall, said circumferential step being a mouth-free circumferential step facing said compressor impeller; and
said circumferential step delimiting a flow cross section, wherein a ratio of a shortest distance between said compressor impeller and said circumferential step to a largest cross-sectional dimension in the flow cross section delimited by said circumferential step is at least 0.5.

US Pat. No. 10,635,170

OPERATING DEVICE WITH EYE TRACKER UNIT AND METHOD FOR CALIBRATING AN EYE TRACKER UNIT OF AN OPERATING DEVICE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for calibrating an eye tracker unit of an operating device, wherein by the operating device at least one apparatus can be controlled depending on at least one user input and wherein in the method by a control unit of the operating device in at least one predetermined usage step of the operating device respectively:on a screen, at least one graphical operating element for receiving the at least one user input and/or at least one output element for describing an apparatus state of the at least one controlled apparatus and/or at least one media element for describing a situation is displayed, so that at least one graphical element is displayed during the usage step; and
at least one viewing direction information is determined for the user viewing the screen by the eye tracker unit, wherein
from the at least one displayed element, an optically salient element, which meets a predetermined salience criterion and on which the user must focus with their eyes in order to successfully perform the usage step, is determined, and calibration data for the calibration of the eye tracker unit is generated depending on a display position of the optically salient element on the screen and depending on the at least one viewing direction information, and wherein
a plurality of graphical elements are displayed, wherein
a first of the graphical elements is optically marked clear or unchanged bright or colored or by a marking element or a combination thereof during the usage step and is hereby shown in an optically salient manner to steer a user's focus to the first of the graphical elements; and wherein
all remaining graphical elements are displayed intermittently unclear or intermittently shaded or intermittently only in shades of gray or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,427,523

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DISPLAYING DRIVING MODES OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for displaying driving modes of a vehicle, wherein the vehicle can be operated in at least two different driving modes, in whichit is determined, via an ascertaining unit, whether the vehicle is being operated in a first or a second driving mode, wherein in the first driving mode a second actuator conducts a first action and in the second driving mode a first actuator conducts the first action; a first graphical element, which represents the first actuator and a second graphical element, which represents the second actuator are generated on a display surface, and depending on whether the vehicle is in the first or the second driving mode, a first graphical action element, which represents the first action, is generated with at least one of the first and second graphical element, wherein the first graphical action element is assigned visually to one of the two graphical elements to illustrate, which of the actuators is responsible for conducting the first action.