US Pat. No. 9,357,553

METHODS OF ANALYZING A CELLULAR NETWORK

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method of managing a load within a cellular network, the method comprising the steps of:
obtaining network usage records from the cellular network;
extracting cell information from the network usage records;
establishing terminal carrier routes for cellular terminals that have changed location as determined from the extracted cell
information;

deriving terminal carrier profile attributes for the cellular terminals that have changed location, based on the established
terminal carrier routes;

determining a load on a resource of the cellular network, based on the established terminal carrier routes and the derived
terminal carrier profile attributes; and

controlling resources of the cellular network in response to the determined load, so as to manage the load within the cellular
network.

US Pat. No. 9,300,453

PROVIDING IN-LINE SERVICES THROUGH RADIO ACCESS NETWORK RESOURCES UNDER CONTROL OF A MOBILE PACKET CORE IN A NETWORK ENVIRONMENT

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A method, comprising:
sending, by a first entity associated with an access network, a first request message including a session identifier associated
with a user session to a second entity associated with a core network;

establishing a first control channel with the second entity, the first control channel associated with the session identifier,
wherein the first control channel is an in-band channel between the first entity and the second entity; and

receiving policy information associated with the user session from the second entity using the first control channel, the
policy information indicative of one or more policies to be applied in the access network to user data associated with the
user session, wherein the policy information is included within a tunneling protocol packet.

US Pat. No. 9,191,814

COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE AUTHENTICATION

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of accessing a resource requiring identity authentication, the method comprising:
receiving at a communications device an encrypted token in response to an identity of the communications device being authenticated
over a first radio access technology;

decrypting the encrypted token using the identity of the communications device; and
using the decrypted token over a second radio access technology to authenticate the identity of the communications device
so as to allow access to the resource via the second radio access technology,

wherein the identity of the communications device is not automatically authenticated over the second radio access technology
in response to a communication initiated by the communications device over the second radio access technology.

US Pat. No. 9,210,174

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING ACCESS TO MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for controlling access to a mobile telecommunications network, the method comprising:
determining identification information of a mobile terminal by a smartcard inserted therein, the identification information
including a device identifier, the mobile terminal being one of a plurality of mobile terminals into which the smartcard has
been inserted;

comparing, by the smartcard, the determined identification information with an internal pattern stored on the smartcard, the
internal pattern comprising a list of device identifiers corresponding to the plurality of mobile terminals, the internal
pattern including an indication of an access class for each of the listed device identifiers;

permitting or denying the mobile terminal access, by the smartcard, to the mobile telecommunications network in accordance
with the results of the comparison, wherein the mobile terminal is authenticated to access the network, and wherein failure
to authenticate the mobile terminal results in a change of the access class in the internal pattern for the device identifier
corresponding to the mobile terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,462,138

CELLULAR AIRTIME MANAGEMENT

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of crediting cellular accounts with airtime comprising the steps of:
allocating portions of a total quantity of airtime to be distributed amongst a plurality of cellular accounts;
accessing, via a server having an interface for communicatively coupling to a mobile telephone based money transfer system,
a mobile telephone based money transfer system account that is maintained in association with a corresponding mobile telephone
to debit an amount of electronic funds from the mobile telephone based money transfer system account for the total quantity
of airtime that is allocated to be distributed amongst the plurality of cellular accounts; and

crediting the plurality of cellular accounts with the allocated portions of airtime.

US Pat. No. 9,425,844

SIM LOCKING

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for personalization of a mobile equipment, the mobile equipment having a physically unswappable smart card personalized
to a first telecommunications subscription of a first mobile network operator (MNO) to thereby lock the mobile equipment to
a telecommunications network of the first MNO, wherein the first telecommunications subscription is available on the smart
card and is updateable, the method comprising:
receiving, at a trusted service manager (TSM), a request to replace the first telecommunications subscription of the first
MNO with a second telecommunications subscription of a second MNO;

accessing, by the TSM, a personalization rule table record corresponding to the smart card to determine whether the personalization
rule table record indicates that the requested replacement is forbidden; and

upon a condition in which the personalization rule table record does not indicate that the requested replacement is forbidden:
transmitting, from the TSM to the smart card, a seed that is useable by the smart card to generate a cipher key for encrypting
user data and signaling data;

receiving, at the TSM, a unique network authentication key for the second MNO that is derived from both a pre-loaded master
key stored on the smart card and the seed transmitted from the TSM; and

facilitating, by the TSM, a logical swap to the second telecommunications subscription by using the derived unique network
authentication key for the second MNO to personalize the smart card of the mobile equipment to the second telecommunications
subscription, the second telecommunications subscription locking the mobile equipment to a telecommunications network of the
second MNO.

US Pat. No. 9,237,484

METHOD, SYSTEM AND DEVICE FOR CONFIGURING RADIO ACCESS BEARERS IN MOBILE NETWORKS WITH MULTI-RAB CAPABILITY

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for configuring radio access bearers in mobile networks, comprising:
setting up an initial multiple radio access bearer configuration for a CS+PS call traffic, the CS+PS call being setup for
simultaneous circuit switched and packet switched services;

detecting in CS+PS call traffic at least one PS service and checking whether the detected PS service requires a data bit rate
greater than a non-zero threshold, defining a high data bit rate; and

modifying the initial multiple radio access bearer configuration to allow continued CS+PS call traffic using the multiple
radio access bearer configuration, if the detected PS service requires the high data bit rate,

wherein the initial multiple radio access bearer configuration comprises:
an initial bearer type for each, voice and data, services of the CS+PS call;
initial mobility parameters which determine handovers, and
initial channel switching parameters determined by channel switching timers.
US Pat. No. 9,084,138

METHOD FOR TERMINATING VOICE CALLS IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORK

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for terminating voice calls in a wireless communication network comprising an IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) application
server allocated on a server comprising the following steps:
sending a Send Routing Information (SRI) MAP operation to a HLR (Home Location server) of a user/user equipment (UE) establishing
a voice call to obtain a Mobile Station Roaming Number (MSRN);

analysing analyzing the MSRN;
determining whether the MSRN is related to a foreign network; and
performing the following operations when the MSRN is determined to be related to the foreign network;
obtaining a Mobile Switching Center (MSC) address and a Cell ID of the user by sending an Any Time Interrogation Map (ATI-MAP);
routing the voice call to a Circuit Switch (CS) network by prefixing the obtained MSRN;
receiving the call in a MSC Server (MSS); and
routing the call to an operator corresponding to the MSRN.

US Pat. No. 9,232,551

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING DATA PACKETS TO A PLURALITY OF MOBILE TERMINATIONS THROUGH A SINGLE IP CONNECTION

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A radio network entity for transmitting data packets from an IP gateway in a telecommunications network to a user terminal
via a plurality of mobile terminations through a single IP connection, the radio network entity comprising:
a module for establishing simultaneous IP connections between the IP gateway and the plurality of mobile terminations in response
to a request for establishing IP connections from the user terminal, said module also establishing radio connections between
the radio network entity and the plurality of mobile terminations, each of them paired with the corresponding IP connections;

wherein the module activates a first IP connection and a first radio connection in response to a request for establishing
an IP connection from a first mobile termination of the plurality of mobile terminations;

wherein the module activates at least a second simultaneous IP connection and a second radio connection in response to a further
request for establishing an IP connection from at least a second mobile termination of the plurality of mobile terminations;
and

a packet splitter that applies a splitting algorithm to determine which radio connection is to be used to transmit which data
packets, the packet splitter being in communication with a packet combiner in the user terminal, each of the plurality of
mobile terminations being connectable with the packet combiner;

wherein the packet splitter splits the data packets coming only from the first IP connection selected by the user terminal
as the only IP connection through which the data packets are received, such that the first and second mobile terminations
are bound to the same IP connection, thereby transmitting data packets over said at least first and second radio connections
for combining at the packet combiner.

US Pat. No. 9,202,361

FALL DETECTION

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method in a portable electronic device for handling fall detection, the method comprising:
detecting a suspected fall; and,
preventing or suspending, at least temporarily, a triggering of a fall process based on a status and/or historical status
of the electronic device, the status and/or historical status being at the time the suspected fall was detected, the status
and/or historical status of the electronic device corresponding to activities that are indicative that the electronic device
is being used when the fall is detected such that that any movement of the electronic device is a fall of the device and not
a fall of the user of the device.

US Pat. No. 9,065,970

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FACILITATING COMMUNICATION BETWEEN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICES

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for facilitating communication between a first communication device and a second communication device using a
network supporting first and second different communication methods, comprising the steps of:
initiating communication between the first communication device and the second communication device using the first communication
method;

determining a first communication device status indicator indicative of the ability of the first communication device to communicate
using the second communication method based on a current network connectivity of the first communication device;

registering the first communication device on a service platform of the network;
requesting a second communication device status indicator indicative of the ability of the second communication device to
communicate using the second communication method;

receiving the second communication device status indicator; and
displaying communication options at the first communication device to communicate with the second communication device using
the second communication method in dependence on the first communication device status indicator and the received second communication
device status indicator.

US Pat. No. 9,654,357

TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A mobile telecommunications network, comprising:
a core; and
a cellular radio access network having a radio for wireless cellular communication with mobile terminals registered with the
cellular radio access network,

wherein the cellular radio access network includes a controller that controls a use of network resources by the mobile terminals,
and

wherein the controller is configured to identify and compensate for malfunctioning mobile terminals by:
acquiring radio quality pattern information;
based at least partially on the radio quality pattern information, determining a probability level that indicates an extent
to which a particular mobile terminal is likely to be malfunctioning;

upon a condition in which the probability level is determined to be sufficiently high, acquiring additional information that
is usable to confirm whether the particular mobile terminal is actually malfunctioning; and

based on a determination that the particular mobile terminal is malfunctioning, taking action to reduce an effect of the malfunctioning
on the cellular radio access network.

US Pat. No. 9,407,575

TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM AND METHOD

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method of sending a message in a telecommunications network from a mobile terminal to a Machine to Machine (M2M) device,
where the M2M device has an identifier and is not directly routable in the telecommunications network by the mobile terminal,
the telecommunications network including a core network, the method comprising:
providing a management server that is in communicable relation with the telecommunications network;
directing a communication from the mobile terminal toward the M2M device over the telecommunications network, the communication
having a message that includes the M2M device identifier;

detecting and diverting the communication by the core network of the telecommunications network;
after the communication has been detected and diverted, the core network requesting that the management server determine routing
data necessary for the communication to become directly routable to the M2M device over the telecommunications network;

in response to the request, determining, by the management server, whether the mobile terminal has a pairing with the M2M
device, and when the management server determines that the mobile terminal has a pairing with the M2M device:

determining, by the management server, the requested routing data necessary for the communication to become directly routable
to the M2M device over the telecommunications network;

adapting the message of the communication to include the routing data so that the communication is routable to the M2M device
over the telecommunications network; and

routing to the M2M device, by the core network, the adapted communication over the telecommunications network, such that the
communication is adapted and subsequently routed to the M2M device over the telecommunications network only when the mobile
terminal has a pairing with the M2M device, the communication being initiated by the mobile terminal in the telecommunications
network and received by the M2M device in the telecommunications network.

US Pat. No. 9,349,026

ANONYMIZATION AND FILTERING DATA

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method of anonymizing data comprising:
reading parameters of an anonymization procedure from a configurable anonymization procedure resource, wherein the read parameters
defines a workflow for receiving data to be anonymized and for applying one or more transformations thereto, and wherein the
read parameters also includes an indication of an allowable number of concurrent processing threads for receiving the data
and applying the one or more anonymization transformations;

receiving data to be anonymized from a data source according to the defined workflow, wherein the data source is identifiable
from one or more of the read parameters; and

applying one or more anonymization transformations to the received data according to the defined workflow, wherein the one
or more transformations include transforming at least an original portion of the received data into a transformed portion,
and wherein the steps of receiving data and applying one or more anonymization transformations are performed using no more
than the allowable number of concurrent processing threads indicated in the read parameters.

US Pat. No. 9,167,494

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ENABLING HIGH-SPEED COMMUNICATION SERVICES IN MULTI-TECHNOLOGY WIRELESS NETWORK

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. In a mobile telecommunication system that includes a first radio technology and a second radio technology that can both
provide communication services to a User Equipment, where the second radio technology provides a higher speed access to the
telecommunication system than the first radio technology, a method for a network entity of the mobile telecommunication system
to optimize the provisioning of high-speed communication services to the User Equipment when the first and second radio technologies
provide overlapping coverage that is useable by the User Equipment, the method comprising:
identifying at the network entity a first radio technology on which a User Equipment requesting a service is camped,
determining at the network entity whether a second radio technology is available for the User Equipment that provides a higher
speed access than the first radio technology;

determining at the network entity an indication of coverage of a signal measurement of the second radio technology, which
is available for the User Equipment and provides a higher speed access than the first radio technology,

comparing at the network entity the determined signal measurement with a threshold,
upon the result of the comparison indicating that the second radio technology is of sufficient coverage, activating a high
speed network indicator on the User Equipment, wherein the high speed network indicator is activated even when the User Equipment
remains camped on the first radio technology such that the User Equipment or a user of the User Equipment are aware of the
second radio technology, and

determining whether to carry out a requested service on the first radio technology or the second radio technology based on
the activated high speed network indicator.

US Pat. No. 9,154,994

TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A mobile telecommunications network comprising:
a network core; and
a radio access network having a network node operable to wirelessly communicate with terminals registered with the network,
the radio access network comprising control means operable to control the use of network resources by said terminals,

wherein the control means is operable to process control plane signalling,
wherein the control means includes policy application means operable to receive at least one of policy information and routing
information from the network core and to provide instructions to the network node to act in accordance with the received information,
and

wherein the network node includes an enforcer operable to enforce the instructions such that the enforcer controls whether
terminal uplink user plane traffic and control plane signalling messages are (i) passed from the network node to the network
core, or (ii) diverted from the network node to the control means, or (iii) duplicated and provided to both the network core
and the control means.

US Pat. No. 9,413,618

METHOD, SYSTEM AND DEVICES FOR MANAGING USER PROVISIONING OF A SERVICE IN AN IMS NETWORK

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for managing user provisioning of at least one service in an IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) network, the method
comprising:
a) acquiring service traffic information of a user for the at least one service from the IMS network at a first server and
the first server sending the service traffic information to a managing node;

b) receiving the service traffic information of the user at the managing node;
c) checking in the managing node if said service traffic information of the user meets a set of predefined criteria in the
managing node;

d) if the service traffic information of the user does not meet the set of criteria, marking said user as non-active for the
at least one service by the managing node and the managing node sending an indication to a configuration server, indicating
that said user has been marked as non-active for the at least one service; and

e) after receiving said indication, the configuration server sending a message to a Home subscriber server (HSS) telling the
HSS to delete the data of said user, said message including a user identification of said user;

f) deleting the data of said user at the HSS;
g) monitoring, by a detecting node, messages between the HSS and a call session control function (CSCF) server;
h) when the CSCF server receives a request for a communication between a first user and a second user, if the detecting node
detects an error message from the HSS to the CSCF server indicating that the data of the second user is not included in the
HSS, the detecting node sending a message to the CSCF server indicating that said communication request should be directed
to the first server, and the CSCF server forwarding said communication request to the first server;

i) the first server receiving the communication request directed by the detecting node and notifying the managing node,
j) the configuration server sending a message to the HSS including information to register said second user's data in the
HSS, and

k) after receiving the message from the configuration server, the HSS registering said second user's data.

US Pat. No. 9,332,556

WHITE SPACE ACCESS IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A telecommunications system, comprising:
a cellular communication network operable to communicate with a mobile device via a cellular telecommunications network base
station;

a white space communication system operable to communicate with the mobile device via a non-cellular white space access point,
and

a white space access controller operable to determine availability of white space for the mobile device, to determine whether
transmitting communications via available white space frequency spectrum for the mobile device will cause interference with
a frequency channel that is neighbouring to the available white space frequency spectrum, and to selectively enable white
space communication for the mobile device in response to a determination that transmitting communications via an available
white space frequency channel will not cause interference in a frequency channel that is neighbouring to the available white
space frequency channel.

US Pat. No. 9,271,148

AUTHENTICATION IN A WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A system for facilitating authentication of machine devices over a wireless access network, the system comprising:
a hub device having an authentication storage means operable to provide authentication information during an authentication
process;

a plurality of machine devices each operable to connect to a wireless access network and each having a communication interface
with the hub device, through which requests for authentication information are made to the hub device; and

a core network operable to authenticate each machine device;
wherein, during the authentication process, the hub device is operable to respond to each request with authentication information
that includes a corresponding temporary identifier and a distinct key association, each corresponding temporary identifier
being related to a permanent identifier associated with the hub device,

wherein the authentication information provided to the machine devices enables said machine devices to be concurrently authenticated
with the core network so as to allow the machine devices to concurrently access the wireless access network,

wherein the core network includes a home location register operable to maintain a database of records of the temporary identifiers
corresponding to the authenticated machine devices so as to associate each temporary identifier with the permanent identifier
of the hub device and to associate each record with the corresponding machine device identifier to enable tracking of the
location of each machine device, the home location register also being operable to identify a master device as representative
of the plurality of machine devices associated with the hub device by incorporating a flag in the permanent identifier or
the temporary identifiers, or by using a base as the permanent identifier and offsets from the base as the temporary identifiers,
and

wherein the core network includes a visitor location register for storing temporary records corresponding to the machine devices
that are authenticated with the core network, wherein the visited location register is configured to store a record for each
authenticated machine device, such that each temporary record is related to the permanent identifier of the hub device.

US Pat. No. 10,123,377

RADIO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN A TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for determining functionality of communication devices in a cellular communication network including a plurality of communication devices, the method comprising:obtaining at least one measure of the performance of the cellular communication network in a component area of radio coverage;
determining from the each measure of performance whether performance conditions in the component area of radio coverage support the activation of an aggregator facility, said aggregator facility providing radio coverage to at least one first communication device within a selected geographical area;
determining from the each measure of performance whether a net benefit is expected for the performance of the network in the component area as a result of the activation of the aggregator facility; and
controlling activation of an aggregator functionality at at least one second communication device when performance conditions in the component area of radio coverage support the activation of the aggregator facility and when a net benefit is expected.

US Pat. No. 9,866,434

METHOD, SYSTEM AND DEVICES FOR MANAGING USER REGISTRATION OF A SERVICE IN AN IMS NETWORK

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for managing registration of a user in an IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) network, the user accessing the IMS network
using a client at a user device, the method comprising:
a) receiving, at a first server in the IMS network, service traffic information of said user on the IMS network;
b) sending the service traffic information from the first server to a managing node in the IMS network;
c) checking, by the managing node in the IMS network, if said service traffic information of the user meets a set of predefined
criteria that indicate when the user is active; and

d) if the service traffic information of the user does not meet the set of criteria, (i) sending a request from the managing
node to a configuration server in the IMS network to assign an inactive state to said user and (ii) sending a configuration
message from the configuration server to the client indicating said inactive state, wherein upon receipt of the configuration
message, the client is configured to prevent registration requests of the user from being sent in the IMS network during the
inactive state of the user.

US Pat. No. 9,585,017

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ACCESS TO A TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. In a telecommunications system including a radio access network comprising a plurality of base stations, each defining
a cell, for wirelessly transmitting data that is receivable by one or more mobile terminals, wherein the plurality of base
stations comprise one or more access point base stations and at least one of the base stations comprises a handover base station
for controlling handover of the one or more mobile terminals, a method of controlling access to a telecommunications network
via one or more access point base stations, the method comprising:
defining one or more tracking areas in the coverage area of the telecommunications network covering one or more base station
cells;

determining whether any of the one or more access point base stations are accessible by the one or more mobile terminals based
on having the right to access the one or more access point base stations from the one or more tracking areas;

creating an association between only the one or more accessible access points and the one or more tracking areas in response
to determining that the one or more mobile terminals have a right to access the one or more access point base stations; and

using the association to perform at least one of the following:
a) notifying the one or more mobile terminals that the one or more mobile terminals are authorized to select at least one
access point base station of the one or more accessible access points when the one or more mobile terminals are in the one
or more tracking areas; or

b) notifying the handover base station that the one or more mobile terminals are authorized to be handed over to at least
one access point base station of the one or more accessible access points.

US Pat. No. 9,526,008

IDENTITY MODULE WITH INTERCHANGEABLE UNIQUE IDENTIFIERS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A telecommunications system comprising:
a plurality of different wireless telecommunications networks;
a smart card that is registrable on each of the plurality of different networks and that contains multiple unique identifiers,
each unique identifier being associated with a respective network;

a service platform that communicates with the plurality of different wireless telecommunications networks; and
a mobile device that uses the smart card to communicate with a registered network,
wherein the smart card comprises a common security key associated with at least two of the unique identifiers such that the
smart card is registrable on each one of the plurality of networks when a unique identifier of the smart card and a corresponding
common security key are authenticated for that network,

wherein the smart card is configured to send diagnostic data to the service platform and configured to be instructed by the
service platform to choose a unique identifier from the at least two unique identifiers based on the diagnostic information,
and

wherein, upon a condition in which the smart card switches from using a first unique identifier to using a new unique identifier,
the mobile device performs a soft reboot while continuously maintaining communication with a desired network during the soft
reboot,

wherein the smart card attempts to connect to one of the plurality of different networks using the multiple unique identifiers
in accordance with a predetermined sequence,

wherein the service platform is operative to instruct the smart card to reorder the predetermined sequence of unique identifiers,
wherein the smart card is operative to reorder the predetermined sequence of identifiers upon instruction.

US Pat. No. 9,119,015

MOBILE DEVICE APPLICATION ANALYSIS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a telecommunications device comprising a processor component and a monitoring component, the processor component being configured
to run a plurality of applications and the monitoring component being configured to monitor the plurality of applications
and generate performance data; and

an analysing component configured to analyse the performance data and to identify characteristics of the plurality of applications,
wherein the analysing component is configured to cause communications destined for a data network to use an alternative data
route between the device and the data network, and wherein the monitoring component is configured to monitor the plurality
of applications when communications are transmitted via the alternative data route.

US Pat. No. 9,730,113

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR HANDOVER FOR BASE STATIONS WITH CELLULAR BACKHAUL

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for controlling the management of handover in a cellular network, in which a provisioning base station of the
cellular network provides a mobile base station with a radio interface to the cellular network, the method comprising:
receiving a request from the mobile base station for handover information about one or more neighboring base stations of the
provisioning base station; and

communicating the handover information about the one or more neighboring base stations to the mobile base station by a management
circuit of the cellular network, the handover information comprising one or more neighboring base stations to which a user
equipment (UE) can be handed over from the mobile base station.

US Pat. No. 9,420,460

WLAN AUTHENTICATION RESTRICTION

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for controlling authentication of a device within a cellular network, the authentication for allowing the device
to access a non-cellular network via an access point, the method comprising:
obtaining information about a state associated with the device that is determined over a defined period of time and comprises
at least one of information associated with a cellular mobility state of the device and information associated with a data
activity of the device over the cellular network; and

evaluating, based on the obtained information, whether to allow the device to perform authentication with an authenticating
entity that is within the cellular network.

US Pat. No. 9,301,126

DETERMINING MULTIPLE USERS OF A NETWORK ENABLED DEVICE

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of predicting a change of users of a network enabled device, a present device category and a present device matrix
respectively corresponding to a category and demographic profile associated with the network enabled device, the present category
being one of a plurality of predefined categories corresponding to groups of similar network events, each predefined category
having a demographic profile associated therewith, the present device matrix having a present segment leader, the method comprising:
detecting a network event corresponding to the network enabled device;
determining an event category corresponding to the detected network event, the event category being one of the plurality of
predefined categories;

comparing the event category with the present device category; and
when the event category differs from the present device category:
calculating a new relative matrix based on the present device matrix and the demographic profile associated with the event
category;

determining a new segment leader corresponding to the new relative matrix;
determining an increase of value of the new segment leader;
comparing the new segment leader to the present segment leader and the increase of value of the new segment leader to a predetermined
threshold value; and

when the new segment leader differs from the present segment leader and the increase of value is greater than the predetermined
threshold value, setting forth an alert predicting a change of users of the network enabled device.

US Pat. No. 9,225,403

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENHANCED TRANSMISSION IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of operating a transmission system of a base station in a mobile communication network, the method comprising
the steps of:
determining, by the base station, a signal quality received by a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) functionality user
equipments (UEs), said base station serving a first group of mobile communication network UEs, the transmission system comprising
a first transmission branch for transmitting a first radio signal by a first physical antenna and a second transmission branch
for transmitting a second radio signal by a second physical antenna, where an additional phase offset is added to one of the
transmission branches, said phase offset being calculated by taking into account the signal quality received by a sub-group
of the UEs served by the base station; where for the UEs served by the base station using the MIMO functionality, said transmission
system applies MIMO precoding weights before transmission, to the first and second radio signals, the value of said MIMO precoding
weights being updated for each MIMO user equipment, every certain period of time, based on information reported by said MIMO
UEs;

when the signal quality received by one of said MIMO UEs is below a certain first threshold, switching from MIMO functionality
to a Virtual Antenna Mapping technique by assigning a fixed value to the MIMO precoding weights for said MIMO UE such that
the additional phase offset has an effect on said MIMO UE without changing the MIMO configuration of said MIMO UE; and

maintaining the MIMO precoding weights in said fixed value until a certain first criteria is fulfilled such that for said
MIMO UE the precoding weights are not updated every said certain period of time.

US Pat. No. 9,055,506

NETWORK ARCHITECTURE

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A telecommunications system for ensuring calls initiated by a mobile device are recordable by a call recording system,
the telecommunications system comprising a mobile device and an IP Multi-media Sub-system (IMS), the mobile device being connectable
to a Public Land Mobile Network, PLMN, and calls routed through the IMS being referable to the call recording system, wherein:
the mobile device is adapted to:
connect to the PLMN;
determine if the PLMN supports Customised Applications for Mobile network Enhanced Logic, CAMEL; and
upon receiving an attempt from a user of the mobile device to initiate a call to an intended recipient's number:
if the PLMN supports CAMEL, request the PLMN to connect the call such that the PLMN invokes a CAMEL service trigger indicating
that the call be routed to the IMS;

otherwise, if the PLMN does not support CAMEL, send to the IMS a data message that includes the intended recipient's number,
receive from the IMS a pseudo-roaming number associated with the IMS, and initiate a call to the pseudo-roaming number; and
the IMS is adapted to:
if the PLMN supports CAMEL, receive the call routed from the PLMN and connect the call to the intended recipient's number;
otherwise, if the PLMN does not support CAMEL, receive the data message from the mobile device that includes the intended
recipient's number, return to the mobile device the pseudo-roaming number associated with the IMS, receive the call initiated
by the mobile device to the pseudo-roaming number, and connect the call received from the mobile device to the intended recipient's
number so that all calls initiated by the mobile device are routed through the IMS so as to be referable by the IMS to the
call storage system for call recording.

US Pat. No. 9,565,003

RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN AN OFDM COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of operating a radio network comprising a base station and at least one subscriber station, the method comprising:
determining a level of data traffic for transmission from the base station to the at least one subscriber station; and
transmitting data from the base station using a first Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed (OFDM) signal comprising subcarriers,
a number of the subcarriers being used to transmit reference symbols, a bandwidth between the lowest frequency subcarrier
being used to transmit reference symbols and the highest frequency subcarrier being used to transmit reference symbols defining
a reference symbol frequency spread; and

wherein the reference symbol frequency spread is established based on the determined level of data traffic for transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,407,770

MANAGING CALLS IN IMS NETWORKS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for managing calls in an Internet Protocol (IP) Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) network, the method comprising:
receiving a notification by a server from the IMS network that a user subscribed to the server is identified as a destination
device of a call;

identifying by the server an originator device originating the call;
receiving an advice message by the server from the originating device when originating the call, the advice message informing
on a reason of the call to the server;

in response to establishing the call at the destination device, transmitting the advice message by the server to the destination
device before the destination device selects one or more decisions from a set of decisions;

receiving by the server at least one decision selected from the set of decisions; and
releasing the destination device from the call before taking an action by the server based on the selected decision.

US Pat. No. 9,398,596

METHOD AND DEVICES FOR ALLOCATING PS TRAFFIC IN A MULTI-TECHNOLOGY WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method of establishing a Packet Switched connection for transmission of data traffic by a mobile device, the mobile device
being positioned in a mobile network having a plurality of radio access technologies (RATs) that support Packet Services,
the method comprising:
identifying, by a portion of the mobile network other than the mobile device, which of the RATs of the plurality of RATs have
free bandwidth,

establishing an initial Packet Switched connection with the mobile device over a first RAT of the plurality of RATs,
determining, by the portion of the mobile network, the type of data traffic associated with the initial Packet Switched connection
based on information therein,

classifying, by the portion of the mobile network, the Packet Services with which the data traffic is associated by taking
into account the determined type of data traffic,

selecting, by the portion of the mobile network, a second RAT based on the classification of the Packet Services, the second
RAT being different than the first RAT, the second RAT being one of the RATs having free bandwidth, and

establishing, by the portion of the mobile network, a subsequent Packet Switched connection over the second RAT for the mobile
device to transmit the data traffic.

US Pat. No. 9,456,437

METHOD AND PORTABLE DATA APPARATUS FOR OPERATING MOBILE TERMINALS IN A CELLULAR TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method in a portable data apparatus for managing data connections in a telecommunication network, the method comprising:
establishing communicative connections with a plurality of mobile terminals that are each operable to establish a data connection
in the telecommunication network over a plurality of types of radio access technologies (RATS);

ascertaining which type of RAT at least one of the mobile terminals is camped upon;
controlling connections of each one of the mobile terminals in respective cells of respective RATs; and,
setting a given mobile terminal as operative for establishing a data connection when the given mobile terminal is determined
to be camped in a particular RAT.

US Pat. No. 9,338,634

DISCOVERING CAPABILITIES OF OFFLINE USERS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for discovering capabilities of a first device operable to communicate with a second device using a telecommunications
network comprising a service platform, a first core network and a second core network, the first and second devices being
registered at the service platform, the first device being capable of accessing the service platform through the first core
network and the second device being capable of accessing the service platform through the second core network, the method
comprising:
receiving at the first core network a request from the second device for discovering capabilities of the first device;
determining by the first core network a first status indicator of the first device;
routing the request to an application server of the service platform;
identifying the first status indicator of the first device by the application server and determining a second status indicator
of the first device, wherein identifying the first status indicator of the first device comprises reading a header of the
request, the header including the first status indicator; and

sending a response from the application server to the second device, the response containing a set of feature tags defined
by a network operator of the first device which describe a set of services supported by the first device, wherein, if the
identified first status indicator of the first device is unregistered status, the determined second status indicator is unregistered
status and the response from the application server is sent to the second device.

US Pat. No. 9,065,515

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENHANCED TRANSMISSION IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of operating a Virtual Antenna Mapping (VAM) transmission system in a mobile communication network using multiple
input, multiple output (MIMO) functionality, the VAM transmission system comprising a first transmission branch for transmitting
a first radio signal by a first physical antenna and a second transmission branch for transmitting a second radio signal by
a second physical antenna, the method comprising:
generating the first radio signal by taking a weighted sum of a primary data stream and a secondary data stream, using a first
set of weights;

generating the second radio signal by taking a weighted sum of the primary data stream and the secondary data stream, using
a second set of weights, wherein a phase offset is present between the first radio signal and the second radio signal;

receiving channel quality information from multiple user equipments operating in the mobile communication network;
adding an additional phase offset to at least one of the first radio signal and the second radio signal, the additional phase
offset being selected according to at least one criterion based on the channel quality information; and

transmitting the first radio signal with the first physical antenna and transmitting the second radio signal with the second
physical antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,247,429

KEY DERIVATION

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for managing subscription information stored on a microprocessor card, the card being pre-provisioned with an
associated unique card number, at least one predefined unique master key (K_master) and at least one number generating means,
the method comprising:
receiving at the microprocessor card a derivation value (SEED) from one of a plurality of trusted parties (TSM), said derivation
value (SEED) associated with an identification number (Ki);

storing the derivation value (SEED) on the microprocessor card; and
generating at the microprocessor card the identification number (Ki) using the number generating means, the derivation value
(SEED) and the at least one predefined unique master key (K_master);

wherein the identification number (Ki) is configured for authorizing a subscription to a telecommunications network and is
provided for provisioning the card with said subscription,

wherein the microprocessor card is pre-provisioned with a plurality of predefined unique master keys (K_master),
wherein the microprocessor card is further pre-provisioned with root key identifiers corresponding to the respective predefined
unique master keys (K_master) and at least two number generating means, thereby providing at least a main number generating
means and a back-up number generating means, each number generating means identifying a different one of the predefined unique
master keys by said master key identifiers.

US Pat. No. 9,843,920

MONITORING TRANSPORT SYSTEMS NETWORK TRAFFIC USING MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK USAGE RECORDS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. In a mobile network comprising one or more handsets, one or more base stations, and one or more databases, a method of
detecting traffic in a transport network, the method comprising:
querying at least one of the databases for network usage records (NUR), the databases being configured to maintain continually
updated data regarding each handset that is within a coverage area of at least one of the base stations disposed in the transport;

identifying, from the plurality of NUR, a particular network usage record that corresponds to a moving handset,
wherein a handset is characterized as moving when a corresponding network usage record includes records from multiple cellular
base stations, and

wherein the handset is excluded from being characterized as moving when cell coverage overlaps between a starting cellular
base station and an ending cellular base station;

matching the particular network usage record of the moving handset with one or more transport routes, the matching including
calculating a plurality of different confidence levels each based on different criteria for the one or more transport routes,
at least one of the criteria comprising historical movement data for the handset, wherein the plurality of confidence levels
are summed together to provide a combined likelihood that the moving handset will follow a particular transport route;

identifying each cellular base station that was recorded in the particular network usage record and determining a location
of each identified cellular base station;

based at least partially on the one or more transport routes and the location of each identified cellular base station, identifying
a mode of travel for the moving handset, and

generating a visual display that provides an indication of how different transport routes and modes of transport are used.

US Pat. No. 9,609,516

CONTENT CONTROL IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A telecommunications network including:
a mobile device;
a home network with which the mobile device user has a subscription including content filtering preferences, the home network
including a content filtering policy preference store for storing the content filtering preferences of the user and a home
authentication server for performing authentication of the mobile device; and

a further network having at least one access point with which the mobile device can communicate and a further authentication
server for controlling registration of the mobile device with the access point of the further network, and wherein:

the further network is connected to the home network for communication therebetween, and
the further authentication server is operable to communicate with the home authentication server to perform an authentication
process for the mobile device when the mobile device connects to the access point of the further network, and

the authentication process accesses data from the content filtering policy preference store storing the content filtering
preferences of the user, determines whether or not the further network can satisfy the content filtering preferences of the
user, and controls registration of the mobile device with the access point of the further network in dependence upon whether
the further network can satisfy the content filtering preferences of the user,

wherein the authentication process includes the access point sending an authentication request to the further authentication
server, after receiving communication from the mobile device, the further authentication server performing a challenge/response
procedure to authenticate the mobile device, and the access point receiving a response from the further authentication server,
which is forwarded to the mobile device, with the access point and mobile device analysing the response to determine if the
response is as expected.

US Pat. No. 9,578,517

FULL SPECTRUM SHARING

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A network element for coordinating use of radio resources between a first Radio Access Network (RAN) and a second RAN,
wherein each RAN is configured to communicate over a same predefined bandwidth range, the network element comprising:
logic, arranged to determine a first priority associated with a first traffic to be carried over the first RAN and to determine
a second priority associated with a second traffic to be carried over the second RAN and further arranged to assign to the
first RAN a first portion of the radio resources comprising one or more first bandwidth segments and to assign to the second
RAN a second portion of the radio resources comprising a plurality of second bandwidth segments, the assignment of the first
and second portions being based on the first and second priorities, wherein the assignment of the first and second portions
are performed at specific intervals that are defined by certain detected events, the detected events at least comprising detection
of a new call or detection of a new user; and

an output, configured to communicate an indication of the first portion to a scheduler of the first RAN and/or to communicate
an indication of the second portion to a scheduler of the second RAN;

wherein the logic is arranged to assign at least one of the one or more first bandwidth segments between two of the plurality
of second bandwidth segments.

US Pat. No. 9,560,543

METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING SIGNALLING LOAD IN A CELLULAR COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for optimizing data transmissions in a cellular communication network by determining whether a User Equipment
(UE) should transition from being a Dual Cell with High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) UE to being a Single Cell with
HSUPA UE, the method being performed at a Radio Network Controller (RNC) level, the method comprising:
determining at least one parameter for a UE, the at least one parameter being selected from a set of parameters, the set of
parameters comprising: (1) a power level value of the UE, (2) an amount of data the UE will transmit, and (3) a load value
of the UE; and

when at least one condition of a set of conditions is met, causing the UE to switch from being a Dual Cell with HSUPA UE to
being a Single Cell with HSUPA UE, wherein the set of conditions includes: (1) a condition in which the power level value
of the UE is below a particular power level threshold value, (2) a condition in which the amount of data the UE will transmit
is below a particular data transmit threshold value, (3) a condition in which an amount of allocated users is below an allocated
users threshold value, and (4) a condition in which a cell throughput value is below a cell throughput threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,838,878

DETECTING UNDESIRABLE SIGNALLING TRAFFIC

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method of detecting undesirable signalling traffic received at a telecommunications network, the method comprising:
generating a mobile application part (MAP) signalling profile for an unknown network element that is interacting with the
telecommunications network, the MAP signalling profile being based at least partially on MAP functions associated with signalling
traffic of the unknown network element, the profile including at least one statistical parameter for the unknown network element's
signalling traffic; and

detecting undesirable signalling traffic by evaluating the established at least one statistical parameter against one or more
predetermined statistical profiles, wherein each of the one or more predetermined statistical profiles was previously registered
against a signalling connection control part (SCCP) Global Title.

US Pat. No. 9,794,856

TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A mobile telecommunications network comprising:
a core network having content processing means operable to provide a core network service relating to content, and
a radio access network having radio means for wireless communication with terminals registered with the telecommunications
network, wherein the radio access network includes a local source of content,

wherein the telecommunications network is arranged to copy requests for content used by the registered terminals to request
content from the local source, and forward these requests to the core network, such that the core network provides the requested
content, and

wherein the telecommunications network is arranged to provide the content processing means core network service for the requested
content of the local source.

US Pat. No. 9,693,200

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF PROVIDING DATA SERVICE ACCORDING TO A USER'S FUTURE LOCATION

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for controlling data service for a user of a telecommunication network, the method comprising:
retrieving data associated with historical behavior of the user within the telecommunication network;
predicting, based on said data and on a current user location within the telecommunication network, a future user location
within the telecommunication network;

performing a determination of network capability at the future user location to identify a degradation in telecommunication
network link quality at the determined future user location;

modifying, in response to the identified degradation in network link quality, a configuration of the telecommunication network
and/or a service parameter associated with the user; and

performing, in response to the step of modifying, at least two of the following:
prioritizing specified data services over other data services;
communicating service-related data from the telecommunication network to user equipment associated with the user for storage
in the user equipment, such that the service-related data is cached in the user equipment for use during a time period when
the user is in the determined future user location within the network; and

maintaining any calls and web-browsing sessions provided by the telecommunications network at a pre-determined level.

US Pat. No. 9,668,129

AUTHENTICATION IN A WIRELESS ACCESS NETWORK

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A system having one or more entities, each entity having a processor and physical storage for facilitating authentication
of at least one machine device with a wireless access network, the system comprising:
a physical authentication storage device, that provides authentication information to other entities of the system during
authentication processes;

at least one machine device connected to a wireless access network and having a communication interface with the authentication
storage device, such that the at least one machine device has a non-continuous connection with the authentication storage
device, the authentication storage device providing the authentication information to the at least one machine device while
connected to the at least one machine device, the authentication information including a hash pre-image of a random value,
the hash pre-image allowing the machine device to determine the correctness of the pre-image by hashing the pre-image random
value, and further allows the machine device to determine that the pre-image was issued by a valid base station; and

a core network, that provides the at least one machine device with advance data, where the advance data is used by the one
least one machine device to obtain the authentication information from the authentication storage device in advance of a subsequent
authentication process of the said at least one machine device with the wireless access network, the subsequent authentication
process occurring when the at least one machine device is not connected to the authentication storage device such that the
subsequent authentication process is not dependent upon the at least one machine device having a current connection with the
authentication storage device.

US Pat. No. 9,979,530

INTER-ENB CARRIER AGGREGATION ARCHITECTURE SELECTION

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for selecting a mode of service delivery to a mobile terminal using carrier aggregation across first and second base stations of a cellular network, the selecting being based on one or more of:a parameter of the service; and
a parameter of the network architecture,
wherein the selecting is from a set of modes comprising:
a first mode, in which the first base station uses a first carrier to deliver a first bearer of the service to the mobile terminal and the second base station uses a second carrier to deliver a second bearer of the service to the mobile terminal; and
a second mode, in which the first base station uses a first carrier to deliver a first portion of a bearer of the service to the mobile terminal and the second base station uses a second carrier to deliver a second portion of the bearer of the service to the mobile terminal,
wherein the parameter of the service comprises a quality of service requirement,
wherein the quality of service requirement indicates a maximum delay tolerance of the service, the step of selecting comprising selecting the first mode when the maximum delay tolerance of the service is less than a threshold level.

US Pat. No. 9,578,521

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A TRANSMISSION MODE FOR A CELL OF A NODE OF A TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of determining a transmission mode configuration for a cell of a node of a telecommunication network, the node
configured to serve a plurality of user devices within the cell, the method comprising:
performing an evaluation of at least one condition associated with one or more applications running at one or more user devices
served within the cell against a specific transmission mode configuration; and

determining a transmission mode configuration for the cell based on the evaluation of the at least one condition against the
specific transmission mode configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,563,888

MOBILE TRANSACTIONS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A computer-implemented method for analyzing mobile handset based transactions between sender handsets and receiver handsets,
the computer-implemented method comprising:
a computing system accessing and storing a mobile base station identifier that is generated in response to one or more SMS
confirmation message being sent to a sender handset and a receiver handset as part of a mobile handset based transaction;

the computing system determining locations of the sender handset and the receiver handset which were sent the one or more
SMS confirmation for the mobile handset based transaction, the locations of the sender handset and the receiver handset being
based on mobile base station information accessed with at least the mobile base station identifier, as well as being based
on triangulation data associated with one or more additional mobile base stations, wherein determining at least one location
of said locations is based on the mobile base station identifier without relying on GPS hardware of either the sender handset
or the receiver handset, such that the at least one location is determined independently of any of the triangulation data;

the computing system determining a geographical distribution of a plurality of mobile handset based transactions based on
identified locations of a plurality of mobile handsets, including the sender handset and the receiver handset for a geographic
region;

the computing system accessing a baseline data set of mobile handset based transactions for the geographic region; and
the computing system identifying anomalies between the determined geographical distribution with the baseline data set.

US Pat. No. 9,496,612

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ENHANCED TRANSMISSION IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION NETWORKS USING AN ACTIVE ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method, implemented at a computer system that includes one or more processors, for selecting a phase offset vector used
in a virtual antenna mapping arrangement in a mobile communications network, the method comprising:
identifying an existing phase offset vector that is determined to be in need of an update, wherein the existing phase offset
vector is being used by a plurality of radio-frequency branches;

identifying a number of possible replacement phase offset vectors;
generating a subset of phase offset vectors from among the identified possible replacement phase offset vectors;
transmitting a plurality of radio-frequency signals to one or more user devices of the mobile communications network, wherein
each transmitted radio-frequency signal was acted upon by at least one phase offset vector included in the subset of phase
offset vectors;

in response to transmitting the plurality of radio-frequency signals, receiving signal quality information from the one or
more user devices; and

based at least partially on the received signal quality information, selecting, from among the subset of phase offset vectors,
a particular phase offset vector to replace the existing phase offset vector.

US Pat. No. 9,769,670

MONITORING OF SIGNALLING TRAFFIC

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of monitoring signalling messages in a telecommunications network, comprising:
receiving an indication of a signalling message for a network entity of the telecommunications network, the signalling message
comprising a signalling dialogue identifier;

comparing the signalling dialogue identifier of the received signalling message with a list of known signalling dialogue identifiers
relating to the network entity;

categorizing the signalling message based on a result of the step of comparing by identifying the signalling message as normal
or suspicious; and

identifying an anomalous situation, by determining that a number of signalling messages for the network entity that are categorized
as suspicious and that have a common additional characteristic, is at least a threshold value,

wherein the signalling message further comprises a message type and the step of categorizing is based on the message type,
wherein the message type comprises one of: a dialogue initiation message; a dialogue continuation message; and a dialogue
termination message,

wherein:
if the message type is a dialogue continuation message or a dialogue termination message and the step of comparing results
in no match between the signalling dialogue identifier of the received signalling message and the list of known signalling
dialogue identifiers relating to the network entity, the signalling message is categorized as suspicious; and

if the message type is a dialogue continuation message or a dialogue termination message and the step of comparing results
in a match between the signalling dialogue identifier of the received signalling message and the list of known signalling
dialogue identifiers relating to the network entity, the signalling message is categorized as normal.

US Pat. No. 9,698,937

HIGH SPEED UPLINK CONTROL CHANNELS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method of communicating control signalling for an uplink high speed data service using at least one physical data channel
over a radio interface of a cellular network, the at least one physical data channel supporting a set of transport formats
containing a first number of transport formats represented by a specified number of signalling bits, the method comprising:
establishing a subset from the set of transport formats for use by a User Equipment (UE) in transmitting to the network, based
on at least one parameter of the UE, network or radio interface, the subset containing a second number of transport formats
less than the first number of transport formats, wherein establishing the subset of transport formats includes reducing the
number of bits used to represent the subset of transport formats; and

indicating to the network from the UE using the reduced number of bits, a transport format used by the UE on the at least
one physical data channel, the transport format to be used being selected from the established subset of transport formats,

wherein the uplink high speed data service is controlled using pilot bits and data of an uplink physical control channel,
the pilot bits comprising a predetermined pilot sequence sent in addition to the data.

US Pat. No. 9,647,990

METHOD FOR ANONYMOUSLY ASSOCIATING MEASUREMENT DEVICE MEASUREMENTS TO A SOURCE ID

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. Method for anonymously associating measurement device measurements to a source, the method comprising:
registering the source in a server, the source being assigned a first ID;
registering a measurement device in the server, the measurement device being assigned a second ID;
in response to a measurement of the source being taken by the measurement device, sending, from a communication device associated
with the source to the server through a first communication channel, the first ID and a first set of metadata that includes
at least one parameter that is not a time parameter;

upon the measurement of the source being taken by the measurement device, sending, from the measurement device to the server
through a second communication channel, the measurement, the second ID, and a second set of metadata that includes at least
one parameter that is not a time parameter;

performing a comparison, in the server, of the first set of metadata with each of a plurality of sets of metadata correspondingly
sent to the server by a plurality of measurement devices registered in the server;

associating, in the server, the first ID with the measurement corresponding to the second set of metadata based on results
of the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,085,185

TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK WITH OPTIMISATION OF CONTENT DELIVERY

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A mobile telecommunications network including:a core network having a content processor configured to provide a core network service, including lawful interception and/or charging, on content, and
a radio access network having a means function for wireless communication with a terminal registered with the telecommunications network, wherein the radio access network includes a local source of content, and
a provisioning function configured to provide the content processor with a copy of content of the local source to provide the content processor service thereon,
wherein the radio access network is configured to copy a request for specified content, that
is used by the terminal to request the specified content from the local source, and to forward this to the core network for use in obtaining the copy of the specified content of the local source,
wherein the copy of the specified content is obtained from a primary content source from where the specified content of the local source may have also been obtained, and
the mobile telecommunications network further including:
a content buffer between the primary content source and the content processor, and
a synchronizer provided to synchronize the provision of the core network service on the copy of the specified content of the local source with communications with the terminal,
and configured to withhold the providing of the service on the copy of the specified content until
receipt of the specified local content from the radio access network has been acknowledged by the terminal.

US Pat. No. 9,880,258

LOCATION ESTIMATION IN A COMMUNICATION NETWORK

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. Method for estimating a characteristic static location of a user equipment in a wireless communication network comprising
a plurality of network nodes for transmitting radio signals, each network node having an associated cell corresponding to
a predicted geographical coverage area of a corresponding transmitted radio signal, the method comprising:
receiving location event data for the user equipment, each of a plurality of location events of the location event data providing
a cell-specific location for the user equipment at a point in time;

determining a plurality of event frequencies for the user equipment, each event frequency corresponding to a cumulative number
of received location events locating the user equipment in a respective cell and/or sector in a given time interval; and

calculating the characteristic static location using a combined measure of at least two non-zero values of the plurality of
event frequencies corresponding respectively to at least two different cells or sectors, wherein the combined measure of event
frequencies is a weighted mean of spatial coordinates corresponding to the at least two different cells or sectors, wherein
the weightings depend upon the event observation frequencies and the weightings further depend on at least one of:

an observed dwell time of the user equipment in a respective cell/sector of the at least two different cells/sectors;
a cell/sector radius of the at least two different cells/sectors; or
a number of consecutive location events for the respective cell or sector.

US Pat. No. 9,775,001

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF PROVIDING DATA SERVICE ACCORDING TO A USER'S FUTURE LOCATION

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for controlling data service for a vehicle-based gateway operating in a telecommunication network, wherein the
vehicle-based gateway is configured to communicate with the telecommunication network using a first communication interface
and to provide access to the telecommunication network to a plurality of user devices on-board a vehicle using a second communication
interface, the method comprising:
retrieving data associated with location behavior of the vehicle-based gateway within the telecommunication network;
predicting, based on said data and on a current location for the vehicle-based gateway within the telecommunication network,
a future location for the vehicle-based gateway within the telecommunication network;

performing a determination of network capability at the future location for the vehicle-based gateway to identify a degradation
in a link quality of the first communication interface;

modifying, in response to the identification, a configuration of the network and/or a service parameter associated with the
vehicle-based gateway; and

performing, in response to the step of modifying, one or more of:
a) prioritizing some services over others;
b) communicating data from the network to the vehicle-based gateway for storage in a storage system at the vehicle-based gateway
and caching the communicated data for use during a time period when the vehicle-based gateway is in the future location within
the network; and

c) maintaining any calls and web-browsing sessions provided by the telecommunications network at a pre-determined level.

US Pat. No. 9,706,558

COORDINATION AND QOS SCHEDULING

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A cellular telecommunications network having a first base station corresponding to a first cell and serving a cell area,
the cellular telecommunications network also having a scheduler that is instantiated at least partially by a physical computer-readable
storage medium of the cellular telecommunications network, the scheduler being adapted to:
identify a first device set comprising high priority mobile devices, at least some devices in the first set being high priority
cell-edge devices, and at least some devices in the first set being high priority cell-center devices;

identify a second device set comprising low priority mobile devices, at least some devices in the second set being low priority
cell-edge devices, and at least some devices in the second set being low priority cell-center devices;

after identifying a plurality of resource blocks that are associated with the first base station, reserve a subset of resource
blocks for use by the high and low priority cell-edge devices, whereby resource blocks that are assigned to the high and low
priority cell-edge devices are selected only from the subset of resource blocks;

using resource blocks selected only from the reserved subset, conduct a first assignment by assigning a resource block to
each high priority cell-edge device;

after the first assignment is complete, conduct a second assignment by assigning an available resource block to each high
priority cell-center device, wherein the resource blocks assigned during the second assignment are selected from the plurality
of resource blocks including the reserved subset of resource blocks;

after the second assignment is complete, conduct a third assignment by assigning an unassigned resource block to each low
priority cell-edge device, wherein the resource blocks assigned during the third assignment are selected only from the reserved
subset; and

after the third assignment is complete, conduct a fourth assignment by assigning a remaining resource block to each low priority
cell-center device, wherein the resource blocks assigned during the fourth assignment are selected from the plurality of resource
blocks including the reserved subset of resource blocks.

US Pat. No. 10,009,279

CONTENT COMPRESSION IN MOBILE NETWORK

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for transmission of data over a radio interface in a radio communication network based on a protocol layers model, the model comprising an IP layer on which IP packets are handled, wherein before the transmission of a determined IP packet, the method comprises:determining whether the IP packet is compressible under a predetermined condition;
detecting a congestion status in the radio interface, the congestion status being either positive if there is congestion in the radio interface, or negative if there is no congestion in the radio interface; and
if the IP packet is compressible under said predetermined condition, performing a compression of the IP packet at the IP layer,
wherein performing a compression of the IP packet comprises:
performing a lossy compression of the IP data packets, if the congestion status in the radio network interface is positive, and
performing a lossless compression of the IP data packets, if the congestion status in the radio network interface is negative.

US Pat. No. 9,894,540

OPTIMISATION OF A CELLULAR RADIO NETWORK

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of self-optimisation for a base station within a cellular radio network, the base station having a first communication
interface for providing a service to mobile terminals and a second communication interface for communication with other network
entities of the cellular radio network, the method comprising:
detecting, at a first time, a degradation in performance of the service provided over the first communication interface;
identifying a reliability level for the second communication interface at the time of degradation in performance of the service
provided over the first communication interface, wherein if the second communication interface has failed then identifying
a report of a failure, at a second time, of the second communication interface; and

implementing a network optimization procedure using a Self-Organising Network, SON, algorithm in dependence on the identified
reliability level and in response to the detection of degradation, wherein the SON algorithm omits making changes to radio
parameters upon determining that the degradation in performance is due to a physical failure of the second communication interface,
and wherein the SON algorithm uses as input an indication of whether the failure of the second communication interface was
the cause of the failure of the first communication interface based on a determined time interval between the first time and
the second time.

US Pat. No. 9,807,684

CONTROL OF MACHINE-TO-MACHINE DEVICES

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. An apparatus for a communication device, the apparatus configured to execute an application and wirelessly communicate
data associated with the application over a cellular network, the apparatus comprising:
a selection circuit, configured to select a first cellular network from a plurality of available cellular networks based on
subscription information that allows the device to register with more than one cellular network of the plurality of available
cellular networks;

a configuration circuit configured to determine whether the selected first cellular network is able to provide a packet-switched
communication link to the device;

a control circuit configured to:
register the device with the selected first cellular network, and
deregister the device from the selected first cellular network and register the device with a second cellular network from
the plurality of available cellular networks based on the determination that the packet-switched communication link cannot
be provided by the selected first cellular network;

one or more packet circuits configured to execute one or more commands for establishing the packet-switched communications
link; and

a registration circuit configured to maintain an indication of a number of times that the device has deregistered from the
selected first cellular network and to prevent further registrations of the device with the second cellular network for at
least a predetermined period of time when the number of times that the device has deregistered from cellular networks including
the plurality of available cellular networks reaches a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 9,699,156

SECURE ASSOCIATION

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A method for forming secure associations between IP-enabled devices, the method comprising:
establishing, at a first network server, a first secure association between a first one of said devices and the first network
server,

receiving, at the first network server, from a subscriber known to a network using an authentication storage device, a declaration
of ownership to the network of a second one of said devices,

the first network server assigning a network realm identity to the second device,
receiving, at the first network server, authentication information in response to authentication of the subscriber giving
the declaration;

transferring the same authentication information from the first network server to the second device,
the second network server establishing a second secure association between the second device and the second network server
using the transferred authentication information,

the first network server establishing a secure connection to the second network server using a third secure association, the
first, second and third secure associations forming a chain of secure associations between the first device and the first
network server, between the second device and the second network server, and between the first network server and the second
network server, said secure connection having corresponding secure association information, the first and second network servers
acting as proxies for the first and second devices, negotiating a fourth, different secure association on their behalf using
the established chain of secure associations, the negotiated fourth secure association allowing the first device and the second
device to communicate directly with each other in a secure manner as a result of the chain of secure associations, despite
the first device having no prior communications with the second device and without the first and second devices exchanging
keys or certificates, and

the first network server transferring said corresponding secure association information to both first and second devices using
the first and second associations respectively, thereby providing the necessary association between the first and second IP-enabled
devices.

US Pat. No. 9,763,169

GEOGRAPHICAL DETECTION OF MOBILE TERMINALS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A system for indicating usage of a mobile terminal within and outside a predefined geographical location range, comprising:
a plurality of telecommunication network cells, each having a geographically distinct radio coverage area and each being configured
to communicate with the mobile terminal so as to identify the mobile terminal and generate information about usage of the
mobile terminal thereby; and

a monitoring processor, configured to provide an indication of usage of the mobile terminal within the predefined geographical
location range during a first time period and to provide an indication of usage of the mobile terminal outside the predefined
geographical location range during a second time period, the indications of usage being based on the information about usage
of the mobile terminal generated by the plurality of telecommunication network cells, wherein the first and second time periods
comprise one of a specific time duration, a configurable time duration, a maximum time duration, a minimum time duration,
and a range of time durations,

wherein each of the plurality of telecommunication network cells is configured to appear to the mobile terminal as a fully
functional cellular access network access cell, but not to provide a telecommunication network service to the mobile terminal,

wherein the plurality of telecommunication network cells are configured such that geographically distinct radio coverage area
in respect of some of the plurality of telecommunication network cells defines the predetermined geographical range, the plurality
of telecommunication network cells being located in a pattern defining concentric rings.

US Pat. No. 9,992,670

MACHINE-TO-MACHINE CELLULAR COMMUNICATION SECURITY

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for establishing an encryption endpoint for encrypted packet-switched data that is being transmitted between a mobile terminal and a server, the method comprising:determining that the encrypted packet-switched data is passing through a Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) or an equivalent cellular network entity in which the mobile terminal is operating, the encrypted packet-switched data passing through the SGSN or the equivalent cellular network entity prior to reaching the server;
causing a Home Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) of the mobile terminal to generate a ciphering key that is usable to decrypt the encrypted packet-switched data that is passing between the mobile terminal and the server, wherein the server is not the SGSN or the equivalent cellular network entity;
communicating, as part of a message from a network entity in the Home PLMN to the SGSN or the equivalent cellular network entity in which the SGSN or the equivalent cellular network entity expects to receive the ciphering key, alternative data in place of the ciphering key, wherein the alternative data is one of a dummy ciphering key or an alternative ciphering key that is unusable by the SGSN or the equivalent cellular network entity to decrypt encrypted packet-switched data that is received and that is unable to derive the ciphering key; and
at the server, using the ciphering key to decrypt the encrypted packet-switched data, whereby the Home PLMN is the encryption endpoint as opposed to the SGSN or the equivalent cellular network entity.

US Pat. No. 9,992,732

OPERATION OF MACHINE-TYPE COMMUNICATION DEVICES

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of controlling access by a roaming Machine-Type Communication, MTC, device to a cellular radio network, the roaming MTC device having an associated Home Public Land Mobile Network, HPLMN, the method comprising:sending, from the roaming MTC device, a message to the cellular radio network, the message including an identification that specifically identifies the roaming MTC device as a MTC device to the cellular radio network, the identification further identifying that the roaming MTC device is a low throughput device that includes a high delay tolerance for messages transmitted by the roaming MTC device, the roaming MTC device being an unanticipated MTC device in the cellular radio network, the roaming MTC device comprising a MTC device that is configured to switch between use of multiple different cellular radio networks;
receiving an instruction at the roaming MTC device transmitted by the cellular radio network not to make a transmission from the roaming MTC device for accessing the cellular radio network, the instruction specifying a criteria for the roaming MTC device's HPLMN or a preferred list of cellular networks;
comparing, at the roaming MTC device, the criteria specified by the instruction with the HPLMN associated with the roaming MTC device or the preferred list of cellular networks; and
avoiding making a transmission from the roaming MTC device to access the cellular radio network for a period of time based on the result of the step of comparing.

US Pat. No. 9,955,364

TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A mobile telecommunications network comprising:a network core; and
a radio access network having radio means for wireless communication with terminals registered with the network, the radio access network comprising control means operable to control the use of network resources by said terminals,
wherein the control means is operable to receive a request for a service from a terminal and to determine, based on one or more specified criteria associated with the requested service, whether the control means should provide access to an application hosted on the control means that provides the requested service, or whether the control means should pass the request elsewhere for provisioning by another entity, and
wherein the control means is operable to return to the terminal an address which facilitates access to the application providing the service hosted on the control means, or to return a second address that provides access to the service elsewhere in dependence upon the determination by the control means.

US Pat. No. 10,194,448

TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A mobile telecommunications network including:a radio access network having radio means for wireless communication with a plurality of terminals registered with the telecommunications network and a control platform structured to provide services to users of the plurality of terminals connected thereto, and
a core including a store of policy information comprising group policy data applicable to a group of the plurality of terminals and individual policy data applicable to respective ones of the terminals in the group, and distribution means operable to provide to the control platform associated with each of the terminals in the group an indicator of the group policy data applicable to each of the terminals in the group and the individual policy data applicable to each of the terminals in the group,
wherein a first individual policy data for a first terminal in the group of terminals includes at least one variation from the group policy data, and wherein a separate policy delta is created to identify the at least one variation.

US Pat. No. 9,882,857

GROUP MESSAGING SYSTEM

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A data processing method performed in a group messaging server of a mobile telecommunications network, the method comprising
the steps of:
receiving an incoming message at the group messaging server from a remote user terminal, the message being for distribution
to a group of users;

storing details of the incoming message in a messaging log, the details comprising a message identifier received with the
incoming message;

identifying at least one recipient from the group of users to which the incoming message should be transmitted;
transmitting an outgoing message to each of the at least one recipient, wherein the outgoing message comprises at least part
of the incoming message and the message identifier;

storing details of each outgoing message in the message log, the details comprising the message identifier; and
processing the message log to identify groups of messages, wherein the groups of messages are identified by having a common
message identifier, and generating charging data based on the groups of messages.

US Pat. No. 10,257,690

NETWORK SEGMENTATION FOR HOSTING OF ROAMING PARTNER NETWORKS AND SERVICES

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A system for providing cellular services to a roaming subscriber comprising:a visited public land mobile network (VPLMN);
at least one processor within the VPLMN; and
memory storing instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the system to:
instantiate one or more network functions as processes performing data plane packet processing within a network functions virtualization (NFV) environment hosted by the VPLMN and associated with a home public land mobile network (HPLMN) wherein the network functions provide the roaming subscriber with network services associated with the HPLMN,
wherein the NFV environment hosted by the VPLMN includes a policy and charging rules function (PCRF) of the HPLMN, and
wherein the PCRF within the NFV environment is configured to synchronize with a PCRF within the HPLMN.

US Pat. No. 10,194,416

METHODS AND SYSTEMS OF PAGING IN CELLULAR NETWORKS

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. An apparatus for controlling paging in a telecommunications network, the apparatus comprising:a transceiver configured to receive information regarding a mobile terminal, the mobile terminal located in an access point coverage area and configured to communicate over at least one of a plurality of frequency bands, the access point coverage area served by one or more access point transceivers configured to communicate over at least one of the plurality of frequency bands; and
a controller configured to:
initiate a paging procedure for alerting the mobile terminal of a requested action,
determine if the received information identifies the mobile terminal as using one or more frequency bands of the plurality of frequency bands for communication,
identify on or more access point transceivers of the plurality of access point transceivers configured to communicate over the one or more frequency bands over which the mobile terminal is configured to communicate,
cause only the identified one or more access point transceivers to page the mobile terminal,
identify a characteristic of the mobile terminal;
initiate an initial paging procedure based on the characteristic of the mobile terminal obtained by the controller, and
initiate the paging procedure if no paging response is received from the mobile terminal from the initial paging procedure.

US Pat. No. 10,187,913

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENABLING HOTSPOT FUNCTIONALITYAH

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for controlling activation of hotspot functionality of a User Equipment (UE), the method comprising:obtaining a plurality of primary scores corresponding to a plurality of UEs, each primary score representing the suitability of the respective UE to act as a hotspot;
assessing the plurality of primary scores; and
if the UE is not currently acting as a hotspot, activating the UE with the best primary score to act as a hotspot.

US Pat. No. 10,244,568

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM FOR RELAYING CELLULAR COVERAGE

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A cellular communication device configured to provide an aggregator function, the cellular communication device comprisinga radio system for establishing a wireless connection to a cellular radio area network;
a base station radio system configured to act as a base station for establishing cellular wireless connections with one or more other cellular communication devices; and
a security function configured to establish a secure connection with a cellular core network, via a cellular radio area network to which the radio system has established a wireless connection;
wherein the secure connection is utilized to carry data from and to the base station radio system and is carried, at least in part, by a further secure connection between a base station of the macro radio area network and a macro security gateway of the core network, and using an aggregator Access Point Name (APN) of the cellular core network used only by devices providing aggregator functions, to an aggregator security gateway of the cellular core network, the aggregator APN providing access to the aggregator security gateway.

US Pat. No. 10,231,284

TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEM

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A system for providing an aggregator facility in a telecommunications network; the system comprising:a core network, CN; and
a radio access network, RAN, which is configured to provide a backhaul connection to the CN and to provide wireless communication connections to radio communication devices;
a first communication device, the first communication device having a first connection to the CN, the first connection including a wireless connection between the RAN and the first communication device;
a second communication device; and
an aggregator controller, which communicates with the RAN and the CN, and which is configured to instruct the second communication device to act as a base station entity, wherein the instruction is dependent upon performance conditions,
wherein upon instruction to act as a base station entity the second communication device is configured to start radiating an aggregator cell, act as a base station entity and provide at least one base station functionality to the first communication device, and wherein the aggregator cell enables the first communication device to establish an aggregation connection with the second communication device to thereby enable a second connection between the first communication device and the CN, wherein the second connection includes the aggregation connection.

US Pat. No. 10,237,805

TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROUTING SYSTEM

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of routing network traffic between a first telecommunications network and a second telecommunications network, each telecommunications network providing Internet Protocol “IP” communications based on a mobile station number “MSISDN”, the method comprising the steps of:at the first telecommunications network, analyzing incoming telecommunications traffic to identify a capabilities request or response message or presence information update message that was transmitted from the second telecommunications network, which capabilities request or response message or presence information update message includes a mobile station number;
when such capabilities request or response message or presence information update message is identified:
extracting the mobile station number from the identified capabilities request or response message or presence information update message;
obtaining routing data for the second telecommunications network;
storing the extracted mobile station number in association with the obtained routing data; and
determining an assigned priority for the second telecommunications network;
if the extracted mobile station number has already been stored in association with routing data:
comparing the already stored routing data associated with the mobile number to the obtained routing data; and
comparing a predetermined priority of a particular telecommunications network identified by the already stored routing data to a predetermined priority of the second telecommunications network from which the message was received; and
if the already stored routing data is different from the obtained routing data, performing either:
if the predetermined priority of the particular telecommunications network identified by the already stored routing data is lower than the predetermined priority of the second telecommunications network from which the message was received, replacing the stored routing data with the obtained routing data, or
if the predetermined priority of the particular telecommunications network identified by the already stored routing data is higher than the predetermined priority of the second telecommunications network from which the message was received, not replacing the stored routing data with the obtained routing data.

US Pat. No. 10,194,368

TELECOMMUNICATIONS ROUTING SYSTEM

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of routing network traffic between a first telecommunications network and a second telecommunications network, each telecommunications network providing Internet Protocol “IP” communications based on a mobile station number “MSISDN”, the method comprising the steps of:at the first telecommunications network, analyzing incoming telecommunications traffic to identify a capabilities request or response message or presence information update message that was transmitted from the second telecommunications network, which capabilities request or response message or presence information update message includes a mobile station number;
when such capabilities request or response message or presence information update message is identified:
extracting the mobile station number from the identified capabilities request or response message or presence information update message;
obtaining routing data for the second telecommunications network;
storing the extracted mobile station number in association with the obtained routing data; and
determining an assigned priority for the second telecommunications network;
if the extracted mobile station number has already been stored in association with routing data:
comparing the already stored routing data associated with the mobile number to the obtained routing data; and
comparing a predetermined priority of a particular telecommunications network identified by the already stored routing data to a predetermined priority of the second telecommunications network from which the message was received; and
if the already stored routing data is different from the obtained routing data, performing either:
if the predetermined priority of the particular telecommunications network identified by the already stored routing data is lower than the predetermined priority of the second telecommunications network from which the message was received, replacing the stored routing data with the obtained routing data, or
if the predetermined priority of the particular telecommunications network identified by the already stored routing data is higher than the predetermined priority of the second telecommunications network from which the message was received, not replacing the stored routing data with the obtained routing data.

US Pat. No. 10,228,255

DETERMINATION OF A ROUTE OF A MOBILE DEVICE IN A MOBILE NETWORK

International Business Ma...

1. A method, said method comprising:determining, by a processor of a computer system, a series of consecutive movements of a mobile device in a mobile network along a path of locations from an origin location of the path at an earliest activity of a plurality of activities of the mobile device to a destination location of the path at a latest activity of the plurality of activities;
said processor accessing from storage a historical set of routes of the mobile device;
said processor ascertaining at least one common route from the historical set of routes, wherein the locations in each common route include all of the locations on the path;
said processor designating a common route of the at least one common route as a traveled route of the mobile device with respect to the series of consecutive movements of the mobile device along the path;
said processor communicating, to a traffic planning system, the designated common route and other common routes relating to all network activity records generated by a user of the mobile device accessing the mobile network;
in response to said communicating, said traffic planning system obtaining a real-time view of traffic density along journey paths in a transport infrastructure;
in response to the real-time view of traffic density along journey paths in the transport infrastructure, said traffic planning system making informed decisions about traffic planning comprising traffic alerts, redirecting traffic, closing roads, and opening new roads along new routes;
said traffic planning system implementing the informed decisions, said implementing comprising issuing traffic alerts, redirecting traffic, closing roads, and opening new roads along new routes;
said processor computing a ratio of (i) a sum of a coverage area of a start cell in which one activity of the mobile device was initiated and a coverage area of an end cell in which the one activity of the mobile device was terminated to (ii) a distance between a centroid of the start cell and a centroid of the end cell such that the distance has a positive value; and
said processor determining a confidence value as a function of the computed ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,292,020

MANAGING COMMUNICATION RESOURCES

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method of managing communication resources within a cellular network, the method comprising the steps of:determining one or more groups of user equipment, UEs, engaged in a Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service, MBMS, group call in a multicast mode of operation is to be migrated to a unicast mode of operation based on information indicating the load of a base station including information indicating the utilization of one or more MBMS resources, by determining that the one or more MBMS resource utilization is above a first threshold and responsive to determining that the one or more MBMS resource utilization is above the first threshold, migrating the determined one or more groups of UEs to unicast operation: and
sending a message indicating that the determined one or more groups of UEs are to migrate to the unicast mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 10,313,307

COMMUNICATING WITH A MACHINE TO MACHINE DEVICE

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for a machine-to-machine (M2M) device to administer an interface between the M2M device and a network application function (NAF) for secure communication between the M2M device and the NAF, wherein the M2M device comprises security information as a key for enabling secure communication via the interface, the method comprising the steps of initiating, before expiry of a lifetime of at least part of the security information and on wake up from a sleep cycle:setting a secure interface lifetime parameter based on a lifetime of the at least part of the security information;
transmitting administration data to the NAF, wherein the administration data comprises the secure interface lifetime parameter;
after determining that a registration of the interface is about to expire, pre-emptively initiating a new bootstrapping process to obtain new security information, the initiating being pre-emptive as a result of obtaining the new security information prior to expiration of the registration; and
using the new security information to either update the registration or, alternatively, to carry out a new registration.

US Pat. No. 10,305,862

SECURE COMMUNICATION WITH A MOBILE DEVICE

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A method for securely communicating with a machine to machine (M2M) device comprising:sharing a secret or data derived from the secret between the M2M device and a server;
establishing a connection between the M2M device and the server that utilizes the shared secret or data derived from the shared secret;
using the shared secret or data derived from the shared secret to establish cryptographic material on both the M2M device and the server, comprising
the M2M device generating or obtaining a public key;
the server authenticating the public key of the M2M device using the shared secret or data derived from the shared secret; and
the server deriving the cryptographic material from the public key of the M2M device, and
wherein at least one of a communication between a bootstrapping server and the M2M device and a communication between the server and the bootstrapping server is utilized for authenticating the public key of the M2M device; and
securing communication between the M2M device and the server with a cryptographic protocol using the established cryptographic material, wherein the cryptographic material is unrecoverable from the shared secret or data derived from the shared secret alone.

US Pat. No. 10,298,750

TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS FOR CONTENT DELIVERY AND LAWFUL INTERCEPTION, CONTENT FILTERING AND FURTHER CONTENT SERVICES USING A SAVI PLATFORM

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A mobile telecommunications network comprising:a core network having content processing means operable to provide a core network service relating to content, and
a radio access network having radio means for wireless communication with a terminal registered with the telecommunications network, wherein the radio access network includes a local source of content,
wherein the telecommunications network is arranged to:
deliver content from the local source of content to the terminal,
generate an indication identifying the content delivered from the local source to the terminal, the indication including a reference pointer that identifies a delivery amount of the content and a nature of the content;
send to the core network the indication of the content delivered from the local source of content to the terminal,
in parallel with sending the indication to the core network, additionally send the indication to a primary content source that is different from the core network, wherein the primary content source includes second content that is generally identical to the content delivered from the local source of content to the terminal,
obtain the second content from the primary content source in response to the indication being sent to the primary content source, and
provide the second content to the core network service, wherein the content is sent from the local source of content to the terminal before the second content is provided to the core network service.

US Pat. No. 10,298,397

SETTING A PASSWORD ON A DEVICE

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A server for providing security data to a device requiring a password for use in providing access to a protected function of the device, the server being configured to:receive a device identifier;
communicate with the device to determine how the password is to be derived using the security data such that the server and the device agree to use an agreed-upon derivation process to derive the password;
communicate the security data to the device, wherein the password is derivable by applying the agreed-upon derivation process on the security data;
derive the password by applying the agreed-upon derivation process on the security data, wherein deriving the password includes applying the agreed-upon derivation process in at least two different ways to generate at least two different passwords, one of which is the password used to access the protected function and another of which is separate password used to access a separate protected function of the device, such that multiple different passwords are generated using the same security data; and
store the device identifier with an association to the password,
wherein the protected function is provided on the device and is not accessible without access to the password.

US Pat. No. 10,321,449

REMOTE CONTROLLED SELECTION OF NETWORK BEARER

VODAFONE IP LICENSING LIM...

1. A configuration server for providing configuration data to a machine-to machine (M2M) device, the configuration server being configured to:output configuration data for sending to the M2M device,
wherein the configuration data comprises preferred communications bearer data indicating at least one preferred communications bearer for a device communications interface,
wherein the device communications interface is limited to using only one or more communications bearers that are included in the preferred communications bearer data and is prevented from using other communications bearers,
wherein the configuration data further comprises a signal strength threshold for one or more of the preferred communications bearers,
wherein the signal strength threshold indicates a minimum received signal strength below which the M2M device should not initiate a device communication interface via the one or more preferable communications bearers.

US Pat. No. 9,526,008

IDENTITY MODULE WITH INTERCHANGEABLE UNIQUE IDENTIFIERS

Vodafone IP Licensing Lim...

1. A telecommunications system comprising:
a plurality of different wireless telecommunications networks;
a smart card that is registrable on each of the plurality of different networks and that contains multiple unique identifiers,
each unique identifier being associated with a respective network;

a service platform that communicates with the plurality of different wireless telecommunications networks; and
a mobile device that uses the smart card to communicate with a registered network,
wherein the smart card comprises a common security key associated with at least two of the unique identifiers such that the
smart card is registrable on each one of the plurality of networks when a unique identifier of the smart card and a corresponding
common security key are authenticated for that network,

wherein the smart card is configured to send diagnostic data to the service platform and configured to be instructed by the
service platform to choose a unique identifier from the at least two unique identifiers based on the diagnostic information,
and

wherein, upon a condition in which the smart card switches from using a first unique identifier to using a new unique identifier,
the mobile device performs a soft reboot while continuously maintaining communication with a desired network during the soft
reboot,

wherein the smart card attempts to connect to one of the plurality of different networks using the multiple unique identifiers
in accordance with a predetermined sequence,

wherein the service platform is operative to instruct the smart card to reorder the predetermined sequence of unique identifiers,
wherein the smart card is operative to reorder the predetermined sequence of identifiers upon instruction.