US Pat. No. 9,102,331

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL ELECTRIC MODULE FOR A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A multi-functional electric module (eModule) for use with a vehicle having a chassis, a master controller, and a drive
wheel having a propulsion-braking module, the eModule comprising:
a steering control assembly having a steering motor and at least one steering controller, wherein each of the at least one
steering controller includes a first printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) operable to control the steering motor in response
to control signals from the master controller;

a mounting bracket positioned with respect to the steering control assembly, and having a mounting feature that is engageable
with the chassis;

a propulsion control assembly having a propulsion controller including a second PCBA that is in communication with the propulsion-braking
module;

a brake controller in communication with the propulsion-braking module, wherein the brake controller includes a third PCBA;
a housing that rotates with respect to the mounting bracket, wherein the housing includes an upper portion positioned adjacent
to the mounting bracket and containing the propulsion control assembly, and a lower portion which contains the brake controller;
and

a lower control arm connected to the lower portion of the housing, wherein the control arm contains a suspension system, and
wherein the lower control arm is connectable to the drive wheel via a wheel input/output block;

wherein the pair of steering controllers, the propulsion controller, and the brake controller are in communication with each
other and with the master controller, and are responsive to commands from the master controller to thereby control a respective
steering, propulsion, and braking function of the eModule.

US Pat. No. 9,434,486

SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR DEPLOYING A SATELLITE

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus for use with a satellite to be deployed in space, the apparatus comprising:
a satellite to be deployed in space;
at least one clamp bar configured to restrain the satellite to be deployed in space within the apparatus in an axial direction;
and

a plurality of pins configured to restrain the satellite within the apparatus in a lateral direction, wherein the plurality
of pins comprises a set of upper satellite pins configured to protrude through a shear plate, the shear plate being connected
to a door of the apparatus, the shear plate configured to connect the satellite to the apparatus, and a set of lower satellite
pins configured to protrude through a lower plate of the apparatus to connect the apparatus with the satellite.

US Pat. No. 9,242,874

MICROWAVE-BASED WATER DECONTAMINATION SYSTEM

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for decontaminating water, comprising:
a tubing having water disposed therein, wherein the tubing is made of polypropylene, polyethylene, polyurethane, neoprene,
or any combination thereof and wherein the water includes one or more contaminants selected from the group consisting of bacteria,
fungi, parasites, viruses, and combinations thereof;

a pump coupled to the tubing and adapted to cause the water to flow within the tubing at a rate from about 0.1 cm3/s to about 20 cm3/s; and

a microwave energy radiation device positioned proximate the tubing, wherein the microwave energy radiation device is adapted
to generate a signal having a frequency from about 20 GHz to about 100 GHz wherein the microwave energy radiation device is
comprised of a signal-emitting surface, wherein the signal-emitting surface has a first area from about 0.5 cm2 to about 10 cm2, wherein a temperature of the water prior to being exposed to the signal is from about 0° C. to about 30° C., and wherein
the signal is adapted to kill at least 90% of the contaminants disposed within the water while increasing the temperature
of the water by less than about 10° C.

US Pat. No. 9,117,948

SELENIUM INTERLAYER FOR HIGH-EFFICIENCY MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELL

The United States of Amer...

1. A multi-junction solar cell comprising:
a plurality of semiconducting layers; and
an interface layer consisting of selenium disposed between the plurality of semiconducting layers, wherein the interface layer
has a refractive index such that a ratio of a refractive index of each of the plurality of semiconducting layers to the refractive
index of the selenium interface layer is less than or equal to 1.5.

US Pat. No. 9,296,157

HYBRID GEAR

The United States of Amer...

1. A hybrid gear, comprising:
a metal gear rim portion with a plurality of gear teeth projecting outward or inward from the gear rim portion;
a gear hub portion disposed within the gear rim portion; and
a web of a rigid composite material joining the gear rim portion to the gear hub portion; a first layer of composite material
disposed upon a first side of an assembly of the web

a second layer of composite material disposed upon a second side of an assembly of the web and gear rim portion and the gear
hub portion, wherein the second layer is separate from the first layer;

wherein the gear rim portion has an internal mechanical locking feature with a first shape; the gear hub portion has an external
mechanical locking feature with a second shape; and the web has an external mechanical locking feature with a third shape
corresponding to the internal mechanical locking feature of the gear rim portion and an internal shape with a fourth shape
corresponding to the external shape of the gear hub portion;

wherein the first and second layers of composite material each have an internal mechanical locking feature having a fifth
shape corresponding to the second shape of the gear hub portion; and an external circular shape having a radius less than
a radius of the gear teeth roots;

wherein the web and the first and the second layers of composite material are bonded or co-cured together.

US Pat. No. 9,266,518

COMPONENT CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A central operating system comprising:
a first component control system configured for controlling a first electric steering, propulsion, braking, and suspension
subsystem component (eModule);

a second component control system configured for controlling a second eModule;
a third component control system configured for controlling a third eModule; and
a fourth component control system configured for controlling a fourth eModule;
a primary master controller in operative communication with each of the first, second, third, and fourth component control
systems; and

a secondary master controller in operative communication with each of the first, second, third, and fourth component control
systems;

wherein each of the first, second, third, and fourth component control systems includes at least one of:
a steering module configured for directing steering of the respective modular component, wherein the steering module includes:
a first and second steering controller; and
a first and second steering sensor;
a propulsion module configured for directing propulsion of the respective modular component, wherein the propulsion module
includes:

a propulsion controller; and
a first and second propulsion sensor;
a braking module configured for directing braking of the respective modular component, wherein the braking module includes
a braking controller; and

a communications module operatively connected to each of the steering module, the propulsion module, and the braking module,
wherein the communications module is configured for communicating with the primary and secondary controller;

wherein the primary master controller and the secondary master controller are configured to simultaneously transmit commands
to at least one of the first, second, third, and fourth component control systems; and

wherein the first, second, third, and fourth component control systems are each configured to accept commands from the secondary
master controller only when a fault occurs in the primary master controller.

US Pat. No. 9,194,334

PROPELLANT FEED SYSTEM FOR SWIRL-COAXIAL INJECTION

The United States of Amer...

1. A propellant feed system for swirl-coaxial injection of a liquid propellant, comprising:
a reservoir having a bottom plate;
at least one tube originating in said bottom plate and extending therefrom, said tube having a plurality of rectangular slits
defined in and distributed tangentially and evenly about a portion of said tube disposed in said bottom plate;

a plurality of drain holes in said bottom plate; and
a plurality of tunnels defined in said bottom plate, each of said tunnels fluidly coupling one of said drain holes to a corresponding
one of said rectangular slits, each of said tunnels including (i) a bend of at least 90°, and (ii) a straight portion leading
to said corresponding one of said rectangular slits wherein said straight portion is at least five times as long as a hydraulic
diameter of said corresponding one of said rectangular slits.

US Pat. No. 9,046,418

LINEAR FRESNEL SPECTROMETER CHIP WITH GRADIENT LINE GRATING

The United States of Amer...

1. A solid state spectrometer, the solid state spectrometer comprising:
a single differential linear Fresnel grating defining one of an optical axis and an optical axis plane, wherein the grating
receives incident light and causes Fresnel diffraction that disperses the incident light according to the wavelength of the
incident light onto the optical axis or the optical axis plane;

a detector having a dispersion area and a sensing area coinciding with the optical axis or the optical axis plane, the detector
detecting a distribution of dispersed light on the sensing area and measuring at least a selected one of light intensity and
light wavelength of the dispersed light;

the detector is configured to measure the wavelength or intensity of one or more distinct wavelengths without having any moving
parts; and

the single differential linear Fresnel grating element is in a perpendicular configuration with the detector; wherein the
single differential linear Fresnel grating is configured to provide the dispersion area of the detector with a minimal optical
path volume for the dispersed light, such that the dispersion area defines the smallest area capable of detecting all dispersions
for a wavelength range.

US Pat. No. 9,254,866

METHOD OF CONTROLLING STEERING OF A GROUND VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling steering of a vehicle through setting wheel angles of a plurality of modular electronic corner
assemblies (eModules), the method comprising:
receiving a driving mode selected from a mode selection menu;
determining, in a master controller, a position of a steering input device;
determining, in the master controller, a velocity of the vehicle when the determined position of the steering input device
is near center;

transmitting a drive mode request corresponding to the driving mode to a plurality of steering controllers when the steering
wheel is near center and the velocity of the vehicle is below a maximum velocity;

determining, in the master controller, a required steering angle of each of the plurality of eModules as a function of the
determined position of the steering input device, the determined velocity of the vehicle, and the driving mode; setting each
of the eModules to an angle of 0 degrees and recording the angle setting of each of the eModules to a memory in the master
controller, when the determined position of the steering input device is near 0 degrees; and

setting the eModules to the respective determined steering angles.

US Pat. No. 9,396,294

METHOD OF MODELING AND SIMULATION OF SHAPED EXTERNAL OCCULTERS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of modeling an external occulter, the method comprising:
providing at least one processor executing program code to implement a simulation system, said program code including the
steps of:

providing an external occulter having a plurality of petals, said occulter being coupled to a telescope; and
propagating light from said occulter to a telescope aperture of said telescope by scalar Fresnel propagation, by:
obtaining an incident field strength at a predetermined wavelength at an occulter surface;
obtaining a field propagation from said occulter to said telescope aperture using a Fresnel integral;
modeling a celestial object at differing field angles by shifting a location of a shadow cast by said occulter on said telescope
aperture;

calculating an intensity of said occulter shadow on said telescope aperture; and
applying a telescope aperture mask to a field of said occulter shadow, and propagating said light to a focal plane of said
telescope via fast Fourier transform (FFT) techniques;

separating a focal plane of said telescope into a plurality of channels, using beamsplitters;
acquiring one or more beam spots from said laser beacons using a coarse acquisition channel of one of said plurality of channels;
sensing a lateral location of said occulter using a pupil imaging channel of another of said plurality of channels; and
using a fine acquisition channel of another of said plurality of channels, to fine sense said location of said occulter.
US Pat. No. 9,242,861

AMORPHOUS CARBON-BORON NITRIDE NANOTUBE HYBRIDS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for joining boron nitride nanotubes, comprising: providing a plurality of BNNTs; precisely aligning the BNNTs
to form a contact area and depositing amorphous carbon on the surface of the BNNTs at the contact area to form bonded hybrid
a-C/BNNT structures in which load is transferred between the BNNTs by amorphous carbon disposed between the BNNTs.

US Pat. No. 9,273,369

THERMOMECHANICAL METHODOLOGY FOR STABILIZING SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY (SMA) RESPONSE

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus configured to stabilize a strain-temperature response for a shape memory alloy, comprising:
a multi-axial deformation unit configured to simultaneously apply shear and normal stresses to a shape memory alloy; and
a temperature unit selected from the group consisting of an induction heater, a resistance heater furnace, a tape heater and
a resistance joule heater, configured to supply a stable temperature or cycle a temperature from a minimum temperature to
a maximum temperature;

a gauge to measure the corresponding shear and normal deformations or strains when applying an isobaric treatment at constant
pressure to a first sample of said shape memory alloy, the multi-axial deformation unit is configured to apply a constant
stress to the first sample and the temperature unit is configured to cycle temperature from a minimum temperature to a maximum
temperature until the strain or the deformation within the first sample stabilizes to provide a stabilized strain value at
the constant pressure;

one of a determining unit or a controller configured to compare and determine whether the strains have stabilized, and
when applying an isothermal treatment to a second sample, the multi-axial deformation unit is further configured to apply
different levels of stress on the second sample until a strain on the second sample matches the stabilized strain value on
the first sample to produce a material that is equally stabile under conditions equivalent to the deformation/strain levels
achieved under isobaric conditions.

US Pat. No. 9,305,252

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RFID-ENABLED PRESSURE SENSING APPARATUS

The United States of Amer...

1. A radio frequency identification (RFID)-enabled pressure sensing apparatus, comprising:
a plurality of RFID tags attached to an operatively insulating and compressible substrate;
a collector in communication with the plurality of RFID tags;
an operably planar open waveguide, the waveguide being bonded on an operatively insulating dielectric base and in communication
with the collector; and

a load connected to one end of the waveguide, wherein the substrate having the plurality of RFID tags attached thereto is
positioned over the dielectric base and adjacent to the waveguide, one or more of the plurality of RFID tags being energized
when operably depressed to enable an electromagnetic coupling between the waveguide, allowing the operably depressed RFID
tag to send signals via the collector to an interrogator.

US Pat. No. 9,109,088

POROUS CROSS-LINKED POLYIMIDE NETWORKS

OHIO AEROSPACE INSTITUTE,...

1. A porous cross-linked polyimide network comprising an anhydride end-capped polyamic acid oligomer, wherein the oligomer
(i) comprises a repeating unit of a dianhydride and a diamine and terminal anhydride groups, (ii) has an average degree of
polymerization of 10 to 50, (iii) has been cross-linked via a cross-linking agent, comprising three or more amine groups,
at a balanced stoichiometry of the amine groups to the terminal anhydride groups, and (iv) has been chemically imidized to
yield the porous cross-linked polyimide network.

US Pat. No. 9,279,719

ELECTRIC FIELD QUANTITATIVE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for making a quantitative measurement of an original true, non-distorted electric field, including static and
quasi-static electric fields, independent of the time of measurement, the system comprising:
an object;
a plurality of antennas separated from one another by known distances, said plurality of antennas arrayed in a region that
extends in at least one dimension;

means coupled to said plurality of antennas for measuring a voltage difference between at least one selected pair of antennas
from said plurality of antennas; and

a processor coupled to said means for measuring, said processor dividing each said voltage difference by one of said known
distances associated with said selected pair of antennas corresponding thereto to thereby generate a resulting quantity with
a plurality of resulting quantities being thereby defined over said region to quantitatively describe an electric, electrostatic,
quasi-electrostatic field therein,

wherein said system quantitatively describes said electric field when said object is electrically conductive, and said system
quantitatively describes said electric, electrostatic, and quasi-electrostatic field when said object is electrically non-conductive,
and wherein the system makes a quantitative measurement of an original true, non-distorted electric field, including static
an quasi-static electric fields independent of the time of measurement.

US Pat. No. 9,264,154

DYNAMIC RANGE ENHANCEMENT OF HIGH-SPEED ELECTRICAL SIGNAL DATA VIA NON-LINEAR COMPRESSION

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for measuring an electrical signal utilizing a data acquisition device, comprising the steps of:
obtaining a first analog electrical signal waveform with a probe originating from a device under test (DUT);
altering at least a portion of the first analog electrical signal waveform utilizing a transfer function component to create
a second analog electrical signal waveform;

conveying the second analog electrical signal waveform to the data acquisition device;
applying an algorithmic inverse transfer function to the second analog electrical signal waveform to restore the first analog
waveform; and

outputting an electrical signal measurement based on the restored first analog waveform.

US Pat. No. 9,278,374

MODIFIED SURFACE HAVING LOW ADHESION PROPERTIES TO MITIGATE INSECT RESIDUE ADHESION

The United States of Amer...

1. A process of mitigating insect residue adhesion on an aerodynamic surface to maintain laminar flow, the process comprising:
a. providing at least one article having at least one aerodynamic surface that is impacted by insects in use;
b. topographically modifying said aerodynamic surface;
c. chemically modifying said aerodynamic surface by coating said aerodynamic surface with a low surface energy coating;
wherein the modified aerodynamic surface comprises a water contact angle of greater than about 80 degrees and a surface roughness
of about 0.2 micron to about 50 microns after said aerodynamic surface is topographically and chemically modified, wherein
the modified aerodynamic surface is configured to maintain laminar flow of air that moves across the modified aerodynamic
surface and mitigate adhesion of insect residue without creating significant turbulence in air that moves along the modified
aerodynamic surface in use.

US Pat. No. 9,521,753

VIBRATION DAMPING CIRCUIT CARD ASSEMBLY

The United States of Amer...

1. A vibration damping circuit card assembly, comprising:
a populated circuit card having a mass M;
a closed metal container coupled to a surface of said populated circuit card at a region of said populated circuit card that
includes a geometric center of said populated circuit card, said closed metal container including

a base having a planar surface bonded to said surface of said populated circuit card, said base having a continuous ridge
extending away therefrom wherein an annular flange is defined adjacent said continuous ridge,

a housing having an open end that is in sliding engagement with said continuous ridge, said housing having a continuous flange
defined about said open end for engagement with said annular flange, and

an adhesive disposed between said open end of said housing and said continuous ridge, said adhesive also disposed between
said continuous flange and said annular flange; and

tungsten balls filling approximately 90% of said metal container, wherein a mass of said tungsten balls is approximately (0.07)M.

US Pat. No. 9,236,786

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR MITIGATING ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS

The United States of Amer...

1. An electromagnetic field mitigation system comprising:
a linear alternator comprising:
magnets movable along a path; and
an alternator coil positioned about the magnets and configured to generate an electromotive force, resulting in a first magnetic
field;

a mechanism coupled to the linear alternator to oscillate the magnets along the path; and
a mitigating coil positioned about the linear alternator and configured to generate a second magnetic field, wherein the second
magnetic field is configured to cancel out an externally emitted portion of the first magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 9,371,140

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A REAL TIME AUDIBLE MESSAGE TO A PILOT

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for providing an audio message to an aircraft crew while in-flight by use of a computer installed in the aircraft,
comprising:
providing a set of screening parameters to screen messages, the screening parameters including at least one of target word
and target phrase;

receiving a text message while in-flight via a communication interface of the computer;
filtering the received text message based on the set of screening parameters to select a message that includes at least one
of the target word and target phrase; and

presenting the selected message as an audio message.

US Pat. No. 9,090,950

ABNORMAL GRAIN GROWTH SUPPRESSION IN ALUMINUM ALLOYS

The United States of Amer...

1. A process for suppressing abnormal grain growth in welded aluminum alloys comprising:
(a) providing an article comprising an aluminum alloy;
(b) friction-stir-welding the article under effective friction-stir-welding conditions;
(c) inserting an intermediate annealing treatment (“IAT”) using an inert gas after the welding step on the article under effective
intermediate annealing conditions, wherein the IAT is performed at a temperature of 470° C. for at least 48 hours and the
inert gas is selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, noble gases, and combinations thereof lower than a solvus line
on a phase diagram for the aluminum alloy;

(d) conducting solution heat treatment on the article under effective solution heat treatment conditions immediately after
the IAT; and

(e) recovering the article characterized with greater than about 90% reduction in area fraction abnormal grain growth in any
friction-stir-welded nugget.

US Pat. No. 9,067,385

HIGH KINETIC ENERGY PENETRATOR SHIELDING AND HIGH WEAR RESISTANCE MATERIALS FABRICATED WITH BORON NITRIDE NANOTUBES (BNNTS) AND BNNT POLYMER COMPOSITES

Jefferson Science Associa...

1. A method for manufacturing an impact resistant material, comprising:
synthesizing a boron containing nanomaterial/polymer material from a boron containing nanomaterial, wherein the boron containing
nanomaterial comprises boron, nitrogen, carbon and hydrogen, and a matrix by controlled dispersion of the boron containing
nanomaterial into the matrix; and

applying the synthesized material to an object to be protected from impact.

US Pat. No. 9,285,354

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE DETECTION OF LOW-LEVEL HARMFUL SUBSTANCES IN A LARGE VOLUME OF FLUID

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for the detection of low-level harmful substances in a volume of fluid comprising:
a) using a concentrator system to perform a method comprising:
i) pumping at least 10 liters of fluid from a sample source through a filter and back into said sample source; said filter
preventing the passage of at least one harmful substance;

ii) diverting retentate from said filter into a container that is separate from said sample source;
iii) recirculating at least part of said retentate in said container again through said filter;
iv) circulating air to and from said container through an air filter;
v) preventing the release of said retentate out of said concentrator system;
vi) controlling the speed of a pump with a control system thereby maintaining a fluid pressure less than 25 PSI during said
pumping of said fluid;

vii) monitoring the quantity of retentate within said container with a control system and maintaining the quantity of retentate
within a predetermined range comprising:

(1) detecting a value of the volume or weight of said retentate;
(2) controlling the amount of retentate diverted in said step of diverting retentate; and
(3) selectively drawing in additional fluid from said sample source in order to maintain said quantity of retentate within
said container within said predetermined range; and

b) analyzing said retentate for the presence of at least one harmful substance.

US Pat. No. 9,227,719

REACTIVE ORTHOTROPIC LATTICE DIFFUSER FOR NOISE REDUCTION

The United States of Amer...

1. A flap of the type that is movably connected to an aircraft wing to provide control of an aircraft in flight, the flap
comprising:
an elongated flap structure defining inboard and outboard ends and forward and rearward portions extending between the inboard
and outboard ends, the elongated flap structure defining an upper side extending between the inboard and outboard ends and
between the forward and rearward portions, and a lower side, wherein the upper side generally faces upwardly in use, and the
lower side generally faces downwardly in use, and wherein the inboard end defines an inwardly-facing inboard end surface and
the outboard end defines an outwardly-facing outboard end surface, and wherein the upper and lower sides define inboard and
outboard end portions adjacent the inboard and outboard end surfaces, respectively, that tend to generate noise to form a
noise source in use, and wherein:

at least a portion of at least one of the inboard and outboard end surfaces and at least one of the inboard and outboard end
portions of the upper and lower sides include a perforated portion having perforations that are connected to corresponding
perforations internal to the flap, wherein the internal perforations are located within at least one of the inboard and outboard
end portions, wherein the internal perforations comprise an approximately orthogonal lattice arrangement, and wherein the
connecting corresponding perforations comprise the substantially same cross-sectional shape and dimensions.

US Pat. No. 9,356,341

AEROGEL-BASED ANTENNAS FOR AEROSPACE AND TERRESTRIAL APPLICATIONS

The United States of Amer...

1. An antenna, comprising:
a substrate portion; and
a metallized portion capable of receiving and/or transmitting an electromagnetic signal, the metallized portion being deposited/grown
onto the substrate portion;

where the substrate portion is a polymer aerogel consisting entirely of polymer material.

US Pat. No. 9,497,846

PLASMA GENERATOR USING SPIRAL CONDUCTORS

The United States of Amer...

1. A plasma generator, comprising:
a first electrical conductor having first and second ends, said first electrical conductor shaped to form a first spiral between
said first and second ends thereof, said first spiral lying in a first plane, said first spiral having a geometric center,
said first electrical conductor so-shaped having inductance and capacitance wherein, in the presence of a time-varying electromagnetic
field, said first electrical conductor so-shaped resonates to generate a harmonic electromagnetic field response;

a second electrical conductor having first and second ends, said second electrical conductor shaped to form a second spiral
between said first and second ends thereof, said second spiral being identical to said first spiral and lying in a second
plane parallel to said first plane, said second spiral having a geometric center, said second electrical conductor so-shaped
having inductance and capacitance wherein, in the presence of a time-varying electromagnetic field, said second electrical
conductor so-shaped resonates to generate a harmonic electromagnetic field response;

said first spiral and said second spiral partially overlapping one another in a direction perpendicular to said first plane
and said second plane;

said geometric center of said first spiral and said geometric center of said second spiral defining endpoints of a line, wherein
said line is non-perpendicular with respect to said first plane and said second plane;

dielectric material disposed between said first electrical conductor and said second electrical conductor; and
a voltage source coupled across said first electrical conductor and said second electrical conductor for applying a voltage
sufficient to generate a plasma in at least a portion of said dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 9,067,325

HUMAN GRASP ASSIST DEVICE SOFT GOODS

GM Global Technology Oper...

13. A grasp assist system comprising:
a glove constructed at least partially of elastane fiber, and having:
a plurality of fingers;
a thumb;
a force sensor positioned with respect to the thumb, wherein the force sensor is configured to measure a grasping force applied
to an object by an operator wearing the glove;

an adjustable wrist strap;
a plurality of adjustable phalange rings, wherein a different pair of the adjustable phalange rings is positioned with respect
to the proximal and medial phalanges of a corresponding one of the fingers;

a plurality of arcuate saddles, wherein a different one of the saddles is positioned at one of the medial and the distal phalanges
of the corresponding fingers;

flexible tendons each having a first end connected to a corresponding one of the saddles;
a plurality of conduits, wherein each of the conduits contains a corresponding one of the tendons; and
a conduit anchor attached to the glove, wherein the conduit plastic anchor receives the conduits therein via a first set of
openings and allows the tendons to pass through the conduit anchor via another set of openings; and

a flexible sleeve that is wearable on a forearm of the operator, wherein the sleeve includes:
a plurality of motorized actuator assemblies, wherein each of the assemblies is connected to a second end of a corresponding
one of the flexible tendons and is contained in a pocket of the sleeve; and

a controller in communication with the force sensor, wherein the controller is configured to calculate a tensile force in
response to the measured grasping force, and to command the tensile force from at least one of the actuator assemblies.

US Pat. No. 9,970,782

RFID-ENABLED ANGULAR POSITION SENSING SYSTEM

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for sensing angular position, comprising:a first support;
a plurality of ring-shaped elements disposed on said first support and spaced apart from one another in a curvilinear arrangement, each of said ring-shaped elements including an electrically-conductive ring and an RFID integrated circuit electrically coupled to said electrically-conductive ring;
a second support;
an antenna coupled to said second support, said antenna defining an electrically-conductive path commensurate in size and shape to at least a portion of said electrically-conductive ring; and
an interrogator for transmitting a signal to said antenna wherein an electric current is generated along said electrically-conductive path and electromagnetic energy emanates from said antenna, wherein at least one of said ring-shaped elements and said RFID integrated circuit associated therewith is energized by said electromagnetic energy, and wherein each said RFID integrated circuit so-energized generates a data transmission for receipt by said interrogator and for further processing of an angular position of one of said first support and said second support using said data transmission.

US Pat. No. 9,120,224

FRAMEWORK AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A ROBOTIC SYSTEM USING A DISTRIBUTED COMPUTER NETWORK

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A robotic system operable for performing an autonomous task, the robotic system comprising:
a humanoid robot having a plurality of integrated system components, including a plurality of compliant robotic joints, actuators
adapted for moving the robotic joints, and sensors adapted for measuring feedback data of the integrated system components
including the plurality of joints; and

a multi-level distributed control framework (DCF) adapted for controlling the integrated system components over multiple high-speed
communication networks, including a backplane, the DCF including:

a plurality of first controllers each configured as a joint controller operable for processing the measured feedback data
within a corresponding one of the integrated system components, such that each of the first controllers controls a single
degree of freedom (DOF) of the robot, wherein each of the plurality of joint controllers is embedded in the humanoid robot
in close proximity to a respective one of the robotic joints;

a second controller in the form of a brainstem having a plurality of modules connected to the backplane, wherein the brainstem,
via the modules, provides reactive commands to the first controllers to command performance of the autonomous task in response
to top-level commands, and prioritizes actions of the robot for the autonomous task by assigning a required communications
speed to each of the actions and

a third controller in the form of a system commander that is adapted for transmitting the top-level commands to the second
controller as a signal, thereby commanding performance of the autonomous task;

wherein the DCF centralizes and abstracts control data to, and the feedback data from, the integrated system components in
a single logical location such that access to the centralized control data is provided only via the system commander to facilitate
control of the humanoid robot across the multiple high-speed communication networks.

US Pat. No. 9,283,468

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION THROUGH PHYSICAL PERTURBATION OF TASK ELEMENTS

The United States of Amer...

11. A method for encouraging self-regulation of a physiological state consistent with the optimal performance of a task comprising
the steps of:
a. positioning a trainee within a task environment having a surface;
b. positioning a target, having a variable area for the receipt of a projectile, within said task environment at a distance
from said trainee;

c. equipping said trainee with a biofeedback device that is worn by said trainee;
d. equipping said trainee with a task device with which to cast said projectile at said target;
e. connecting said trainee to at least one biosensing device that is an operative component of said biofeedback device worn
by said trainee;

f. using said biosensing device to measure said trainee's physiological state by measuring at least one physiological signal
of said trainee;

g. outputting said measurement of said trainee's physiological state obtained by said biosensing device as a signal encoding
said at least one measured value of said physiological signal to a computing device;

h. using said computing device to compare said measured value of said physiological signal output to said computing device
by said biosensing device to a preprogrammed, or downloaded, or trainee-input corresponding value of a physiological signal
that is optimally consistent with the successful performance of said task by said trainee, termed a physiological target value;

i. using said computing device to compute a physiological difference value as the absolute value of a difference between said
measured value of said physiological signal and said corresponding value of a physiological signal that is optimally consistent
with said successful performance of said task by said trainee;

j. displaying said physiological difference value to said trainee by means of an auditory or tactile display device that is
an operative component of said biofeedback device;

k. using said computing device to transmit said physiological difference value as an encoded signal to at least one computer-controlled
mechanical system;

l. providing said task environment with a surface operationally connected to a first computer-controlled mechanical system
adapted to impart a vibration or undulation to said surface, said vibration or undulation having a frequency or an amplitude,
or both, that increase as said physiological difference value increases, said physiological difference value being received
by said computer-controlled mechanical system as encoded in a signal that is transmitted to said computer-controlled mechanical
system by said computing device;

m. providing said task environment with a surface operationally connected to a second computer-controlled mechanical system
adapted to vary a gradient of said surface in proportion to said physiological difference value by means of a computer-controlled
mechanical system adapted to increase said gradient as said physiological difference value increases, said physiological difference
value being received by said computer-controlled mechanical system as encoded in a signal that is transmitted to said computer-controlled
mechanical system by said computing device;

n. providing said target with a third computer-controlled mechanical system adapted to decrease said variable area as said
physiological difference value increases, said physiological difference value being received by said computer-controlled mechanical
system as encoded in a signal that is transmitted to said computer-controlled mechanical system by said computing device;

o. providing said task device used by said trainee to cast said projectile at said target with a fourth computer-controlled
mechanical system adapted to impart a vibration or undulation to said task device, said vibration or undulation having a frequency
or an amplitude, or both, that increase as said physiological difference value increases, said physiological difference value
being received by said computer-controlled mechanical system as encoded in a signal that is transmitted to said computer-controlled
mechanical system by said computing device;

p. making said distance from said trainee to said target proportional to said physiological difference value by means of a
fifth computer-controlled mechanical system adapted to increase said distance as said physiological difference value increases,
said physiological difference value being received by said computer-controlled mechanical system as encoded in a signal that
is transmitted to said computer-controlled mechanical system by said computing device.

US Pat. No. 9,085,302

MODULAR ROBOTIC VEHICLE

The United States of Amer...

1. A vehicle comprising:
a chassis;
a plurality of driver input devices;
an energy storage system (ESS);
at least one electronic modular assembly (eModule) that is electrically connected to the ESS, and that includes:
a drive wheel containing a by-wire propulsion-braking module configured to selectively propel and brake the drive wheel;
a mounting bracket covering a steering control assembly having at least one steering controller which controls a by-wire steering
function of the vehicle; and

a housing positioned adjacent to the mounting bracket, and containing a propulsion control assembly, a braking control assembly,
and a spring-damper assembly, wherein the propulsion control assembly and the braking control assembly include a propulsion
controller and a brake controller, respectively, which together control the by-wire propulsion-braking module; and

a master controller in communication with the at least one steering controller, the propulsion controller, and the brake controller,
and with the plurality of driver input devices, wherein the master controller is programmed to communicate with and independently
control the at least one eModule to selectively establish one of a plurality of different operating modes in response to driver
input commands from the plurality of driver input devices.

US Pat. No. 9,445,779

INFRASONIC STETHOSCOPE FOR MONITORING PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES

The United States of Amer...

1. An infrasonic stethoscope for monitoring physiological processes of a patient, comprising:
a microphone capable of detecting acoustic signals in an entire frequency range of 0.03 Hertz to 1000 Hertz, the microphone
comprising a body having first and second spaced apart openings;

a body coupler attached to the first opening of the body to form a substantially air-tight seal, wherein the body coupler
is capable of engagement with the patient;

a flexible tube attached to the body at the second opening; and
an earpiece attached to the flexible tube.

US Pat. No. 9,329,149

WIRELESS CHEMICAL SENSOR AND SENSING METHOD FOR USE THEREWITH

The United States of Amer...

1. A wireless chemical sensor, comprising:
an electrically-insulating substrate having opposing faces;
an open-circuit pattern of electrically-conductive material on a first face of said opposing faces of said substrate, said
pattern having two electrically unconnected ends, said pattern shaped for storage of an electric field and a magnetic field,
said pattern having inductance and capacitance that allows said pattern to generate harmonic electric and magnetic field responses
when in the presence of a time-varying magnetic field, each of said electric and magnetic field responses having a frequency,
amplitude and bandwidth associated therewith; and

a material on a second face of said opposing faces of said substrate wherein said material lies within at least one of said
electric and magnetic field responses so-generated, said material selected to affect attenuation of energy associated with
said electric and magnetic field responses so-generated in the presence of a chemical-of-interest.

US Pat. No. 9,371,855

FLEXURE BASED LINEAR AND ROTARY BEARINGS

The United States of Amer...

1. A bearing, consisting essentially of:
a rigid top plate positioned above and parallel to a fixed rigid bottom plate;
first and second flexures disposed between and connecting aid rigid top plate and said bottom plate, said flexures together
constraining relative motion of said top plate relative to said bottom plate in exactly four degrees of freedom, the four
degrees of freedom being X and Y axis translation and rotation about the X and Y axes; a mechanical stop connected to the
top and bottom plates for limiting Z axis translation of one plate relative to another plate; and

a strut connecting the top and bottom plates and further constraining exactly one additional degree of freedom of the plates,
the one degree of freedom being rotation about the Z axis.

US Pat. No. 9,233,394

HYDROPHOBIC-CORE MICROCAPSULES AND THEIR FORMATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of forming hydrophobic-core microcapsules comprising:
forming a hydrophobic phase including a pre-polymer or monomer, a cross-linking agent, at least one active substance, wherein
said at least one active substance is a corrosion indicator, a corrosion inhibitor, or combination thereof, an optional co-solvent,
and a hydrophobic substance;

forming a hydrophilic phase;
mixing the hydrophobic phase with the hydrophilic phase to create and disperse droplets of the hydrophobic phase within the
hydrophilic phase to form an emulsion;

initiating a reaction at an interface of the hydrophilic phase and the hydrophobic phase to form a solid shell encapsulating
the hydrophobic phase forming hydrophobic-core microcapsules, wherein said solid shell includes a shell wall comprising a
compound having one or more chemical bonds that are broken down when contacted with an alkali produced during a corrosion
reaction causing the release of the hydrophobic phase, wherein said alkali has a pH above about 8.

US Pat. No. 9,052,236

METHOD FOR GROUND-TO-SATELLITE LASER CALIBRATION SYSTEM

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of calibrating an optical sensor on board a satellite orbiting the earth, the method comprising:
utilizing at least one ground-based laser to generate a first light signal having a first wavelength, and a second light signal
having a second wavelength that is not equal to the first wavelength;

pointing the optical sensor at the one ground-based laser;
aiming the first and second light signals at the satellite whereby at least a portion of the first and second light signals
are incident on an optical sensor on the satellite;

measuring the response of the optical sensor to the first and second light signals;
utilizing a difference between the response of the optical sensor to the first and second light signals to calibrate the optical
sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,405,005

AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE BROADCAST (ADS-B) SYSTEM FOR OWNERSHIP AND TRAFFIC SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

The United States of Amer...

1. An ADS-B system coupled to an unmanned aerial vehicle for increased situational awareness and self-separation assurance
comprising:
a telemetry system in said unmanned aerial vehicle, said telemetry system including a transceiver for wireless communication
with a ground control station;

at least one GPS/WAAS antenna disposed on said unmanned aerial vehicle;
at least an upper and lower UAT antenna disposed on said unmanned aerial vehicle;
at least one altitude encoder,
a Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) in said unmanned aerial vehicle and in communication with said telemetry system for compiling
ownship ADS-B Out messages and for receiving air-to-air ADS-B In messages from nearby aircraft and ADS-R and TIS-B messages
from ground based transceivers, said UAT further comprising a digital computer programmed with control software comprising
computer instructions stored on non-transitory computer memory for storing said ADS-B In messages and consolidating said ADS-B
In messages with said ADS-B Out messages, and for communicating said consolidated ADS-B Out messages to said telemetry system
for transmission to a ground control station; and

a ground control station (GCS) comprising a digital computer programmed with control software stored on non-transitory computer
memory, said software including,

a loss link redundancy module to compensate for a lost telemetry link,a translation module for generating KML scripts from ADS-B Out and ADS-B In data, and
a synthetic display management user-interface for providing a synthetic user-configurable three-dimensional display of said
ADS-B Out and ADS-B In data on a geobrowser.

US Pat. No. 9,142,961

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMMUNICATION OVER POWER LINES

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a modem situated between a power line and a device, the modem configured to:
demodulate a signal received from the power line into a first signal and a second signal which are linearly and nonlinearly
processed to create a bit stream for transmission to the device; and

modulate a bit stream received from the device into a transmitted signal in order to impose the transmitted signal onto the
power line.

US Pat. No. 9,555,905

SYSTEM, APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR ACTIVE DEBRIS REMOVAL

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for removing debris, comprising:
a plurality of active debris removal (ADR) vehicles for removing a rocket body, each of the plurality of ADR vehicles are
delivered to space by a single launch vehicle and comprise a cowcatcher attached to a front of each of the plurality of ADR
vehicles, and the cowcatcher configured to protect instruments and mechanisms on each of the plurality of ADr vehicles when
entering a nozzle of the rocket body, wherein

the single launch vehicle comprises a payload, the payload comprising the plurality of ADR vehicles,
each of the plurality of ADR vehicles is oriented upside down on the payload with respect to the single launch vehicle, and
the cowcatcher for each of the plurality of ADR vehicles is oriented towards a base of the single launch vehicle to transmit
launch loads from the single launch vehicle to each of the plurality of ADR vehicles.

US Pat. No. 9,871,186

MAGNETOSTRICTIVE ALTERNATOR

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an aerogel material configured to continuously transition from a lower impedance to a higher impedance in one direction, and
therefore opposite in the opposite direction, and configured to permit the transmission of an acoustic wave therethrough;
and

magnetostrictive material configured to generate an oscillating magnetic field when the magnetostrictive material is compressed
by the acoustic wave transmitted through the aerogel material.

US Pat. No. 9,423,426

SAMPLING AND CONTROL CIRCUIT BOARD FOR AN INERTIAL MEASUREMENT UNIT

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a circuit board configured to serve as a control and sampling interface between an inertial measurement device, a local oscillator,
and an external trigger pulse, the circuit board configured to:

receive the external trigger pulse and time align the local oscillator to initiate sampling of the inertial measurement device
for data at precise time intervals based on pulses from the local oscillator, wherein

the sampled data is synchronized by the circuit board with a navigation system via the external trigger pulse.

US Pat. No. 9,168,659

TENSION STIFFENED AND TENDON ACTUATED MANIPULATOR

The United States of Amer...

1. A manipulator comprising:
a plurality of link arms;
a hinge connecting adjacent link arms of the plurality of link arms together to allow said adjacent link arms to rotate relative
to each other; and

a cable actuation and tensioning system provided between adjacent link arms, said cable actuation and tensioning system comprising:
at least one spreader arm;
a plurality of driven elements each attached to a respective one of said adjacent link arms remote from said hinge;
a non-driven element provided on each of the others of said adjacent link arms and at a respective end of said at least one
spreader arm, wherein each non-driven element is remote from said hinge;

at least one cable routed around the driven and non-driven elements;
a pair of tensioning members each connected to a respective one of the at least one spreader arm and one of the plurality
of link arms for accommodating changes in a length of the at least one cable; and

a motor for driving said driven element to circulate the cable around the driven and non-driven elements;
wherein the at least one cable and the pair of tensioning members are arranged in an antagonistic manner to provide bi-directional
motion of the adjacent link arms with respect to the hinge.

US Pat. No. 9,411,569

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A CLIMATE DATA ANALYTIC SERVICES APPLICATION PROGRAMMING INTERFACE DISTRIBUTION PACKAGE

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for providing a climate data analytic services application programming interface distribution package, the system
comprising:
a processor;
a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium storing instructions which, when executed by the processor, cause the processor
to provide:

a climate data analytic services application programming interface library that enables software applications running on a
client device to invoke capabilities of a climate data analytic service;

a command-line interface that provides a means of interacting with a climate data analytic service by issuing commands directly
to the system's server interface;

sample programs that call on the capabilities of an application programming interface library to be used as templates for
construction of new client applications;

test utilities that evaluate the robustness and performance of an installed client-side application programming interface
environment;

build utilities that install the application programming interface library and create the client-side run-time environment
required by the services application programming interface library;

service integration utilities that provide templates to be used to build an interface to one of a new service or legacy system,
and a collection of pre-built integration interfaces for commonly used systems; and

documentation describing an organization of the distribution package and how an end-user installs and uses the climate data
analytic services application programming interface.

US Pat. No. 9,137,883

ROBUST, FLEXIBLE AND LIGHTWEIGHT DIELECTRIC BARRIER DISCHARGE ACTUATORS USING NANOFOAMS/AEROGELS

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AER...

1. A dielectric barrier discharge actuator, comprising:
a dielectric layer produced from lightweight, high breakdown strength, low dielectric constant and loss flexible polymeric
aerogel;

a buried electrode buried within the dielectric layer; and
an exposed electrode located on the surface of the dielectric, wherein the buried electrode and the exposed electrode are
electrically connected.

US Pat. No. 10,031,031

WIRELESS TEMPERATURE SENSING METHOD USING NO ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A method of sensing a local environment temperature of interest, comprising the steps of:providing a first element consisting of an electrical conductor having first and second ends and shaped between said first and second ends for storage of an electric field and a magnetic field, said first and second ends remaining electrically unconnected such that said electrical conductor so-shaped defines an unconnected open-circuit having inductance and capacitance wherein, in the presence of a time-varying magnetic field, said electrical conductor so-shaped resonates to generate harmonic electric and magnetic field responses, each of which has a frequency associated therewith;
providing a second element consisting of a solid material, wherein said first element and said second element are comprised within the sensing method and are distinct from said local environment of interest, located within said magnetic field responses of said conductor, said solid material selected to experience changes in magnetic permeability properties in the presence of a temperature change in said solid material;
wherein said temperature change in said solid material results from exposure to a change in said local environment temperature;
recording a baseline frequency response for said magnetic field responses so-generated when temperature of said solid material is not changing; and
monitoring said magnetic field responses so-generated for changes in frequency with respect to said baseline frequency response as an indication of a change in local environment temperature of interest.

US Pat. No. 9,245,726

CONTROLLING CHARGED PARTICLES WITH INHOMOGENEOUS ELECTROSTATIC FIELDS

The United States of Amer...

1. An energy analyzer comprising:
a first deflection plate; and
a second deflection plate,
wherein the first deflection plate and the second deflection plate are not symmetric, and wherein the first deflection plate
and the second deflection plate generate an inhomogeneous electrostatic field between the first deflection plate and the second
deflection plate when a voltage is applied to one of the first deflection plate or the second deflection plate.

US Pat. No. 9,233,765

MULTI-DIMENSIONAL DAMAGE DETECTION

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a panel including a plurality of detection layers, each detection layer including a substrate and a plurality of conductive
traces coupled to the substrate, each detection layer separated from one another by one or more non-detection layers, wherein
the plurality of detection layers form a grid of conductive traces and wherein each detection layer includes one or more known
defect traces, and wherein the panel has a trace continuity signature that is defined by the known defect traces of the detection
layers in the panel; and

a monitor coupled to the grid of conductive traces, wherein the monitor is configured to detect damage to the panel in response
to an electrical property change with respect to one or more of the conductive traces.

US Pat. No. 9,435,821

SINGLE-AXIS ACCELEROMETER

The United States of Amer...

1. A single-axis accelerometer, comprising:
a housing defining a sleeve having a longitudinal axis;
an object having a mass disposed in said sleeve for sliding movement therein in a direction aligned with said longitudinal
axis;

a first piezoelectric strip attached to a first side of said object and attached to said housing, said first piezoelectric
strip longitudinally aligned with said longitudinal axis, said first piezoelectric strip including a first strip of a piezoelectric
material with carbon nanotubes substantially aligned along a length of said first strip;

a second piezoelectric strip attached to a second side of said object and attached to said housing, said second side opposing
said first side, said second piezoelectric strip longitudinally aligned with said longitudinal axis, said second piezoelectric
strip including a second strip of said piezoelectric material with carbon nanotubes substantially aligned along a length of
said second strip; and

a voltage sensor electrically coupled to at least one of said first piezoelectric strip and said second piezoelectric strip.
US Pat. No. 9,315,632

PROCESS FOR PREPARING EPOXY-REINFORCED SILICA AEROGELS

The United States of Amer...

1. A one-pot process for preparing a polymer-reinforced monolithic silica aerogel which comprises:
providing a one-pot process for preparing a polymer-reinforced monolithic silica aerogel capable of reacting at least one
silicon compound selected from the group consisting of an orthosilicate, an alkoxysilane and a combination thereof with effective
amounts of multifunctional cross-linking agent and an aminoalkoxy silane in an alcohol solution, wherein the multifunctional
cross-linking agent does not react with alcohol but is soluble in alcohol;

wherein the molar ratio of cross-linking agent to the aminoalkoxy silane is stoichiometric to obtain a silica sol in solution
also containing the cross-linking agent;

subsequently forming a silica gel which contains said cross-linking agent in the solution phase of the gel;
subjecting said gel to conditions that promote reaction of said cross-linking agent to silica gel; and
drying said polymer reinforced silica gel to obtain the polymer-reinforced monolithic silica aerogel.

US Pat. No. 9,318,295

CARBON NANOTUBE PATTERNING ON A METAL SUBSTRATE

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A method of manufacturing an electron source, said method comprising:
applying an inhibitor to a first plurality of regions of a metal substrate, wherein said inhibitor is operable to inhibit
growth of carbon nanotubes in said first plurality of regions of said metal substrate; and

growing carbon nanotubes on said metal substrate in a second plurality of regions separate from said first plurality of regions;
wherein said applying an inhibitor further comprises:

applying photoresist to said metal substrate;
exposing a portion of said photoresist to ultraviolet light using a photolithography process, wherein said portion of said
photoresist is disposed on said second plurality of regions;

removing unexposed portions of said photoresist disposed on said first plurality of regions of said metal substrate;
applying said inhibitor to said metal substrate and said portion of said photoresist; and
removing said portion of said photoresist and leaving said inhibitor disposed on said first plurality of regions of said metal
substrate.

US Pat. No. 9,120,677

BULK PREPARATION OF HOLEY GRAPHENE VIA CONTROLLED CATALYTIC OXIDATION

National Institute of Aer...

1. A method for forming a holey carbon allotrope, comprising:
providing a carbon allotrope in solid form;
depositing carbon oxidation catalyst nanoparticles on the surface of the carbon allotrope sheet in a facile, controllable,
and solvent-free process to yield a carbon oxidation catalyst-carbon allotrope material;

subjecting the resulting carbon oxidation catalyst-carbon allotrope material to a thermal treatment in air;
selectively oxidizing the carbons in contact with the carbon oxidation catalyst nanoparticles into gaseous byproducts; and
removing the carbon oxidation catalyst nanoparticles such that the holes remain in the surface of the carbon allotrope and
penetrate completely therethrough.

US Pat. No. 9,097,646

MODULATED SINE WAVES FOR DIFFERENTIAL ABSORPTION MEASUREMENTS USING A CW LASER SYSTEM

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ...

1. A method of utilizing an intensity modulated laser beam to provide for measurement of differential absorption in a continuous
wave lidar system, the method comprising:
utilizing a laser to provide a first light beam having a first wavelength;
utilizing a laser to provide a second light beam having a second wavelength that is not equal to the first wavelength;
utilizing a PN code to provide a modulation signal having an intensity modulated (IM) repeating wave form corresponding to
the PN code;

providing intensity modulation of the first and second light beams whereby the first and second light beams comprise first
and second transmitted signals corresponding to the modulation signal, wherein the first transmitted signal is time shifted
relative to the second transmitted signal;

directing the first and second light beams at a target such that at least a portion of the first light beam is reflected,
and at least a portion of the second light beam is reflected;

receiving at least a portion of the reflected first and second light beams to form a received signal;
demodulating the received signal utilizing the modulation signal to provide first and second distinct amplitude peaks;
determining a magnitude of the first amplitude peak;
determining a magnitude of the second amplitude peak; and
utilizing the magnitudes of the first and second peaks to determine a relative absorption of the first and second light beams.
US Pat. No. 9,074,066

NANOTUBULAR TOUGHENING INCLUSIONS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for toughening a composite material comprising:
providing a polymeric matrix material that is initially substantially free of nanotubular inclusion agents;
providing an effectively small amount of a non-functionalized nanotubular inclusion agent comprising boron nitride nanotubes
or any mixture of boron nitride nanotubes and carbon nanotubes;

introducing the inclusion agent into the polymeric matrix material, mixing the inclusion agent with the polymeric matrix material;
and,

recovering a toughened composite material wherein the inclusion agent is present in an amount of about 5 wt % or less, wherein
the composite material is characterized as having at least about fifty percent increased toughness relative to the polymeric
matrix material, whereby toughness as the energy required to break a material is estimated by the work of rupture for a material
specimen as measured by the area beneath a load versus displacement curve divided by a cross-sectional area of the specimen.

US Pat. No. 9,048,759

MULTISTAGE FORCE AMPLIFICATION OF PIEZOELECTRIC STACKS

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus for harvesting mechanical vibration/motion energy from a piezoelectric device, the apparatus comprising:
an outer flextensional casing;
a first cell and a last cell serially coupled to each other and coupled to the outer flextensional casing, each cell having
a flextensional cell structure and wherein each cell receives an input force from the outer flextensional casing and provides
an output force that is amplified based on the input force; and

a piezoelectric stack coupled to each flextensional cell structure of each cell wherein the piezoelectric stack is comprised
of multiple piezoelectric layers each connected serially to an electrode and wherein the piezoelectric stack of each flextensional
cell structure provides the energy as electrical charges to the electrodes based on the output force received from each cell,

wherein the last cell receives an input force that is the output force from the first cell and the last cell provides a first
output apparatus force that is the product of the input apparatus force, the output force of the first cell, and the output
force of the last cell,

wherein the flextensional casing is arranged orthogonally with respect to the first cell and the last cell.

US Pat. No. 9,434,832

POLYIMIDE AEROGELS HAVING POLYAMIDE CROSS-LINKS AND PROCESSES FOR MAKING THE SAME

The United States of Amer...

1. An aerogel, comprising:
a polyimide oligomer component; and
a polyamide cross-link, the polyamide cross-link connected to the polyimide component, the polyimide oligomer component comprising
the reaction product of a diamine and a dianhydride in a ratio of (n+1) to n where n is the number of repeat units in the
oligomer.

US Pat. No. 9,365,917

METHOD OF HEAT TREATING ALUMINUM—LITHIUM ALLOY TO IMPROVE FORMABILITY

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for heat treating aluminum-lithium alloys to improve formability, comprising the steps of:
providing an aluminum-lithium alloy having 2.0 to 5% by weight of copper, 0.5 to 2.5% by weight of lithium, 0.1 to 1.0% by
weight of magnesium, 0.1 to 1.0% by weight of silver, 0.05 to 0.15% by weight of zirconium, and a balance by weight of aluminum;

heating the aluminum-lithium alloy to a first temperature within the range of approximately 400° F. to approximately 650°
F.;

maintaining the aluminum-lithium alloy at said first temperature for a first time period not to exceed 16 hours;
heating the aluminum-lithium alloy at the conclusion of said first time period to a second temperature within the range of
approximately 700° F. to approximately 900° F.;

maintaining the aluminum-lithium alloy at said second temperature for a second time period not to exceed 12 hours;
actively cooling the aluminum-lithium alloy at the conclusion of said second time period to a third temperature within the
range of approximately 400° F. to approximately 600° F.;

maintaining the aluminum-lithium alloy at said third temperature for a third time period not to exceed 4 hours; and
passively cooling the aluminum-lithium alloy at the conclusion of said third time period to room temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,046,426

MODULAR APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ATTACHING MULTIPLE DEVICES

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a substrate member comprising a ceramic material, said substrate member having an elongated section having at least one square
recess, a plurality of cavities, a pressure reference cavity, and a section having at least one voltage input hole and at
least one voltage output hole;

wherein each of the holes contains a means to provide an electric connection therethrough;
wherein the at least one voltage input hole is operably connected to one of the plurality of cavities of the elongated section,
and the at least one voltage output hole is operably connected to another one of the plurality of cavities of the elongated
section; and

wherein one end of each one of the plurality of cavities is connected to the square recess, and the other end of each one
of the plurality of cavities is connected to one of the two voltage holes.

US Pat. No. 9,483,674

RFID TORQUE SENSING TAG SYSTEM FOR FASTENERS

United States of America ...

1. A wireless tag system configured to detect tension of at least one fastener in response to an interrogation signal from
a wireless interrogator, comprising:
at least one wireless tag, wherein each of said at least one wireless tag comprises:
a ring circuit comprising two electrical contacts forming a contact gap between said two electrical contacts; and
a first RFID integrated circuit electrically connected in series with said ring circuit,
wherein said each of said at least one wireless tag is operable to transmit a tension indication signal when said contact
gap is electrically closed; and

at least one resilient member each comprising a first opening for receiving a corresponding said at least one fastener,
wherein each of said at least one resilient member is responsive to a predetermined amount of tension applied to said corresponding
said at least one fastener for movement from an uncompressed first configuration to a compressed second configuration,

wherein in said compressed second configuration, said each of said at least one resilient member indicates said predetermined
amount of tension applied to said corresponding said at least one fastener, and

wherein in said compressed second configuration, said each of said at least one resilient member electrically closes a predetermined
said ring circuit comprised of a predetermined said contact gap formed by a predetermined said two electrical contacts thereby
enabling a predetermined said first RFID integrated circuit to respond to said interrogation signal and a predetermined said
at least one wireless tag to transmit a corresponding said tension indication signal.

US Pat. No. 9,452,926

DOPANT SELECTIVE REACTIVE ION ETCHING OF SILICON CARBIDE

The United States of Amer...

1. A method, comprising:
providing a semi-insulated SiC substrate layer with an N-type SiC layer on one side;
determining an etch selectively based on the etch rate of the semi-insulated SiC substrate divided by the etch rate of the
N-type SiC;

determining a flow rate of gas for maximizing the etch selectivity;
determining, based upon the etch selectivity, the etching time; and
dopant selective reactive ion etching the semi-insulated SiC substrate layer based on the determined flow rate for the determined
etching time to remove the semi-insulated SiC substrate layer through a vertical etch profile but minimally affecting the
N-type SiC layer.

US Pat. No. 9,229,451

LOCOMOTION OF AMORPHOUS SURFACE ROBOTS

The United States of Amer...

1. An amorphous robot for use on a surface, the amorphous robot comprising:
a plurality of elements each having a variable property;
a flexible outer layer that encapsulates the plurality of elements;
a control unit in electrical communication with each of the plurality of elements;
wherein the control unit selectively energizes a designated one of the elements to change the variable property of the designated
element, thereby moving the designated element in a direction of movement with respect to the remaining elements such that
the amorphous robot moves with respect to the surface in the direction of movement of the designated element; and

wherein each of the elements is a shape memory polymer (SMP) cell, and wherein the variable property is at least one of a
variable shape and a variable size of the SMP cell;

wherein the control unit selectively transmits an electrical current into the designated element to change one of the variable
shape and the variable size of the SMP cell; and

a sensor pack that is encapsulated within each of the SMP cells in communication with the control unit, wherein each of the
sensor packs transmits a position, signal to the control unit.

US Pat. No. 9,418,844

SELENIUM INTERLAYER FOR HIGH-EFFICIENCY MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELL

United States of America ...

12. A method of connecting two individual solar cells into an optically and mechanically coupled multijunction solar cell
comprising:
providing a first solar cell;
providing a second solar cell;
providing a layer consisting of selenium disposed between the two solar cells;
stacking the elements together to form a stack; and
heating the stack to such a temperature such that the selenium of the layer consisting of selenium serves as an adhesive between
the first and second solar cells.

US Pat. No. 9,285,387

IN-FLIGHT PITOT-STATIC CALIBRATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A GPS-based computer-implemented method for determining pitot-static tube pressure sensing error of an aircraft in flight,
comprising the steps:
outfitting an aircraft with at least one pitot-static tube;
collecting, from an aircraft's global positioning system (GPS) while the aircraft is in flight, UPS based ground speed measurements;
collecting, from the aircraft's one or more atmospheric sensors while the aircraft is in flight, measurements of atmospheric
conditions;

collecting, from the aircraft's pitot-static tube while the aircraft is in flight, pitot-static tube total pressure and static
pressure as a function of airspeed;

determining measured impact pressure from said pitot-static tube total pressure and static pressure while the aircraft is
in flight;

inputting said ground speed measurements, said atmospheric conditions; and said measured impact pressure into a selected pressure
error model that models pitot-static tube pressure sensing error as a continuous function of airspeed while the aircraft is
in flight;

adjusting automatically, with a processor, one or more pressure error model parameters of the pressure error model using an
output-error optimization algorithm to produce an automatically adjusted pressure error model while the aircraft is in flight;
and

determining, with the processor, pitot-static tube pressure sensing error as a function of airspeed using said automatically
adjusted pressure error model while the aircraft is in flight.

US Pat. No. 9,166,750

SOFT DECISION ANALYZER AND METHOD

The United States of Amer...

1. A soft decision analyzer operable for use with at least one of a data source that produces a reference data stream, an
RF transmitter that transmits said reference data stream to produce a transmitted data stream, an RF receiver that receives
said transmitted data stream and produces a test data stream, and a baseband signal processor operable to detect said test
data stream, comprising:
a signal conditioner operable for connection to said RF receiver, said baseband signal processor, and said data source, said
signal conditioner being operable to format a plurality of different RF receiver outputs into an internal soft decision analyzer
conditioned format, which comprises said test data stream and said reference data stream;

a correlator operable to detect symbol wise alignment of said test data stream and said reference data stream; and
a configuration and timing control operable to control operation of said signal conditioner and said correlator.
US Pat. No. 9,156,957

PUNCTURE-HEALING THERMOPLASTIC RESIN CARBON-FIBER-REINFORCED COMPOSITES

The United States of Amer...

1. A composite comprising a combination of a self-healing polymer matrix and a carbon-fiber reinforcement, wherein the composite
is fabricated from an intermediate prepreg material, wherein the composite does not comprise microcapsules containing a healing
agent, nor hollow glass fibers containing a healing agent, and wherein the composite exhibits an average fiber volume fraction
(FVF) of greater than 60%.

US Pat. No. 9,151,639

TWO-DIMENSIONAL INDUCTIVE POSITION SENSING SYSTEM

The United States of Amer...

1. An inductive position sensing system, comprising:
four drive inductors, each of said drive inductors having an axial core, said drive inductors arranged at vertices of a parallelogram
wherein said axial core for each corresponding one of said drive inductors is located at one of said vertices;

a sensing inductor having an axial core, said sensing inductor positioned within said parallelogram wherein said axial core
of said sensing inductor is parallel to each said axial core of said drive inductors;

each of said drive inductors and said sensing inductor being a mechanically independent inductor structure;
said drive inductors and said sensing inductor immersed in a common medium wherein said drive inductors and said sensing inductor
are inductively coupled through said common medium;

said sensing inductor being movable within said parallelogram and relative to said drive inductors wherein said axial core
of said sensing inductor remains parallel to each said axial core of said drive inductors;

sources for supplying a first oscillating current at a first frequency to a first pair of said drive inductors located at
ends of a first diagonal of said parallelogram, and for supplying a second oscillating current at a second frequency to a
second pair of said drive inductors located at ends of a second diagonal of said parallelogram, wherein said sensing inductor
generates a first output voltage at said first frequency and a second output voltage at said second frequency; and

a processor coupled to said sensing inductor for determining a position of said sensing inductor relative to said drive inductors
using said first output voltage and said second output voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,133,032

FINE-GRAINED TARGETS FOR LASER SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NANOTUBES

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A method of making a target for laser synthesis of carbon nanotubes, the method comprising:
mixing prismatic edge natural flake graphite with a metal powder catalyst to form a graphite and metal powder mixture that
is free of binders; and

pressing the graphite and metal powder mixture into a mold having a desired target shape to form a mechanically robust binder-free
target having a matrix comprising prismatic edge natural flake graphite having structural pi bonds.

US Pat. No. 9,117,622

MINIATURIZED HIGH-SPEED MODULATED X-RAY SOURCE

The United States of Amer...

1. An X-ray source device, comprising:
an ultraviolet emitter that emits ultraviolet light;
a photocathode, operably coupled to the ultraviolet emitter, that emits electrons;
an electron multiplier, operably coupled the photocathode, that multiplies incident electrons; and
an anode, operably coupled to the electron multiplier, that is configured to produce X-rays.

US Pat. No. 9,081,096

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR A RESOLUTION-ENHANCED PSEUDO-NOISE CODE TECHNIQUE

The United States of Amer...

1. A space based low power high resolution 3D imaging docking lidar system using resolution-enhanced pseudo-noise coding apparatus,
comprising:
an array of laser diodes including non-linear adaptive processor means for generating a plurality of unique patterns to be
associated with a return to zero (RZ) signal, each laser diode configured to transmit said return to zero (RZ) signal to different
locations simultaneously on a reflective moveable or non-movable object which reflects pulses;

a photo detector receiver for receiving each reflected RZ pulse from different locations on said object configured to receive
each of the transmitted return to zero signals, identifying said reflective object,

wherein each of the return to zero signals comprises a unique, pattern to distinguish between itself and the other simultaneously
transmitted return to zero signals.

US Pat. No. 10,113,606

VIBRATION RING

The United States of Amer...

1. A driveline assembly, comprising:a gear comprising an inner surface defining an opening;
a rotating shaft disposed within the opening; and
a ring-shaped compression cage disposed within the opening between the inner surface and the rotating shaft, wherein the ring-shaped compression cage comprises:
a compression cage including a first curved surface and a second curved surface defining circumferential boundaries of an annular-shaped volume surrounding a central axis of the compression cage;
a plurality of angled links, wherein each of the angled links extends from the first curved surface to the second curved surface, wherein the angled links are angled with respect to the central axis such that the angled links redirect radial forces imparted on the compression cage in a direction parallel to the central axis; and
a material suspended within the annular shaped volume by the angled links, wherein the material is attached to the angled links so as to receive redirected radial forces therefrom.

US Pat. No. 9,354,206

FLOATING ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER INSPECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A method for inspecting a structural sample using ultrasonic energy, the method comprising:
positioning an ultrasonic transducer adjacent to a surface of the sample;
transmitting ultrasonic energy into the sample using an ultrasonic transducer;
applying force pulses to the transducer, concurrently with the transmission of the ultrasonic energy and at a frequency that
is lower than a frequency of the ultrasonic energy, to thereby vertically displace the transducer and cause the transducer
to exert a periodic force on the surface;

moving the transducer with respect to the surface and in synchronization between the transmission of pulses with the periodic
force and movement of the transducer;

processing an ultrasonic return pulse from an ultrasonic pulser/receiver using a host machine to thereby quantify a level
of attenuation of the ultrasonic input pulses within the sample; and

using the host machine to detect a defect in the sample using the quantified level of attenuation;
wherein an actuator and the transducer are enclosed within a housing having a perforated skirt; and
applying a vacuum to the surface through pores in the perforated skirt while moving the transducer with respect to the surface.

US Pat. No. 9,194,977

ACTIVE RESPONSE GRAVITY OFFLOAD AND METHOD

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for making a three dimensional simulator for a selectable simulated gravity field, comprising:
providing a carriage comprising a cable extending from a spool of said cable, said cable being connectable to a load;
providing a z-axis motor for said spool;
providing an x-axis motor and a y-axis motor operable to move said carriage in an x-axis direction and a y-axis direction,
respectively;

providing an angle sensor to determine an angle of said cable with respect to a z-axis;
providing a load sensor to detect a load force for said load on said cable and to responsively produce a load sensor signal;
providing a cable length sensor to measure a length of said cable wherein said length extends from said spool;
providing a vertical control system with a selectable off load target for said selectable simulated gravity field, said load
sensor providing feedback for control of said z-axis motor to a digital non-linear filter comprising a first filter and a
second filter with a higher cut off frequency than said first filter;

providing a variable weighting factor by comparing a first output of said first filter with a second output of said second
filter;

calculating a first combination of said variable weighting factor with said first output of said first filter and a second
combination of said variable weighting factor with said second output of said second filter; and

computing an output of said digital non-linear filter using said first and second combinations.

US Pat. No. 9,169,855

FLOW DIODE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING FLUID FLOW ORIGIN OF THE INVENTION

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a flow diode comprising:
a main flowline configured to transport fluid in a first direction from a first end of the flow diode to a second end of the
flow diode;

a bypass flowline having a plurality of portions in fluid communication with the main flowline, each of the plurality of portions
having an entry and an exit in fluid communication with the main flowline, the exit located at a linear distance from the
entry, the exit and the entry positioned between the first end and the second end of the flow diode, wherein a diameter of
each of the portions is greater at the entry than at the exit, and further wherein a majority of the fluid transported in
the first direction passes through the main flowline and a majority of the fluid transported in a second direction opposite
the first direction passes into the bypass flowline.

US Pat. No. 9,121,792

SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR FILTERING PARTICLES

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
an impactor plate comprising a plurality of orifices configured to allow air to traverse through the plurality of orifices;
a plurality of endless collector belts located adjacent to the impactor plate, the plurality of endless collector belts configured
to collect particles in the air; and

a gap between the impactor plate and the plurality of endless collector belts, wherein the gap is configured to cause air
to traverse around and through the plurality of endless collectors belts while the particles are collected by the plurality
of endless collector belts.

US Pat. No. 9,377,481

MULTI-PARAMETER SCATTERING SENSOR AND METHODS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for measuring modal properties of an ensemble of polydisperse particles, said method comprising:
providing an ensemble of polydisperse particles;
selecting a modal property to be measured for the ensemble of polydisperse particles;
determining the measurement geometry, including illumination wavelength and the angular placement and collection angle of
one or more optical detectors, that minimizes the measurement error in the selected modal property;

determining the conversion factor that relates the measured optical power to the selected modal property;
placing optical detectors at the determined collection angles and the determined locations;
illuminating the ensemble of polydisperse particles simultaneously with light;
measuring the light scattered by the ensemble of polydisperse particles with the optical detectors;
converting the output of the optical detectors to electrical signals;
wherein the electrical signals provide a quantitative measure of the modal property.

US Pat. No. 9,846,079

RECIRCULATING ETALON SPECTROMETER

The United States of Amer...

1. A system, comprising:
a retro-reflector;
a detector or transmitter array; and
an etalon disposed between the retro-reflector and the detector or transmitter array,
wherein the retro-reflector is configured to redirect light reflected by the etalon back to the etalon at a different angle
of incidence than an original angle of incidence on the etalon of the light reflected by the etalon.

US Pat. No. 9,660,680

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMMUNICATION OVER POWER LINES

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a modem situated between the flesh of a body and a device implanted within said body, the modem configured to:
demodulate a signal received from the flesh into a first signal and a second signal which are linearly and nonlinearly processed
to create a bit stream for transmission to the device; and

modulate a bit stream received from the device into a transmitted signal in order to impose the transmitted signal through
the flesh.

US Pat. No. 9,505,134

LOWER ROBOTIC ARM ASSEMBLY HAVING A PLURALITY OF TENDON DRIVEN DIGITS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A lower robotic arm comprising:
a base structure;
a plurality of digits, each having first, second, third, and fourth phalanges;
wherein the plurality of digits includes a thumb, a first finger, a second finger, and a third finger;
wherein a first joint operatively connects the first phalange to the second phalange such that the second phalange is selectively
rotatable with respect to the first phalange about a first axis;

wherein a second joint operatively connects the second phalange to the third phalange such that the third phalange is selectively
rotatable with respect to the second phalange about a second axis;

wherein a third joint operatively connects the third phalange to the fourth phalange such that the fourth phalange is selectively
rotatable with respect to the third phalange about a third axis; and

a plurality of tendons, each operatively connected at one end to a respective fourth phalange;
wherein each of the plurality of tendons is configured to selectively apply a first torque to the respective fourth phalange
to urge the fourth phalange to rotate in a first direction about the third axis, relative to the respective third phalange;

wherein the first phalange of the first finger includes a first portion, a second portion, and a flexible portion, wherein
the flexible portion is operatively disposed between the first portion and the second portion;

wherein the first portion is operatively attached to the base structure and the second portion is pivotally attached to the
second phalange at the first joint; and

wherein the flexible portion is configured to allow the first portion and the second portion to flex relative to one another.

US Pat. No. 9,494,143

ION PROPULSION THRUSTER INCLUDING A PLURALITY OF ION OPTIC ELECTRODE PAIRS

The United States of Amer...

1. An ion propulsion system comprising:
a discharge chamber, wherein the discharge chamber has a closed end and an opposite exhaust end;
a frame mounted at the exhaust end, the frame including receptacles, each receptacle being laterally spaced from every other
receptacle, wherein the receptacles are uniformly spaced throughout the frame; and

ion optic electrode pairs,
wherein each ion optic electrode pair comprises apertures aligned between a respective first upstream electrode and a respective
second downstream electrode,

wherein each ion optic electrode pair is planar,
wherein each ion optic electrode pair receives ions from the discharge chamber in operation, and
wherein each ion optic electrode pair is disposed in one of the receptacles of the frame.
US Pat. No. 9,486,772

METHODS OF FUNCTIONALIZATION OF CARBON NANOTUBES BY PHOTOOXIDATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of functionalizing a carbon nanotube comprising:
dispersing the carbon nanotube in a polar solvent with a high surface tension
saturating the polar solvent with an oxidizing agent; and irradiating the polar solvent to functionalize the carbon nanotube.

US Pat. No. 9,476,113

THERMOMECHANICAL METHODOLOGY FOR STABILIZING SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY (SMA) RESPONSE

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of stabilizing a strain-temperature response for a shape memory alloy, comprising:
selecting a first sample of a shape memory alloy;
isobarically treating the first sample by applying a constant stress and cycling a temperature from a minimum temperature
to a maximum temperature until the strain or deformation within the first sample stabilizes;

selecting a second sample of the shape memory alloy; and
isothermally treating said second sample in order to train the shape memory alloy by applying different levels of stress on
the second sample until the strain or deformation on the second sample matches the stabilized strain on the first sample.

US Pat. No. 9,449,723

NANOSTRUCTURE NEUTRON CONVERTER LAYER DEVELOPMENT

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for forming a neutron converter layer, comprising:
machining an aerogel or polymer matrix to a selected converter layer size;
dissolving a neutron hardening precursor in a supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) fluid above a temperature of 31.1 degrees Celsius and a pressure of 7.29 MPa;

infusing the supercritical CO2 fluid with the dissolved neutron hardening precursor into the aerogel or polymer matrix;

lowering the pressure to trap the infused neutron hardening precursor in the aerogel or polymer matrix;
reducing the aerogel or polymer matrix including the trapped infused neutron hardening precursor at an elevated temperature;
infusing a conductive precursor into the reduced aerogel or polymer matrix; and
infusing a secondary electron emission coefficient (SEE) element precursor into the reduced aerogel or polymer matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,355,194

GRAPHICAL ACOUSTIC LINER DESIGN AND ANALYSIS TOOL

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A method of designing acoustic liners for reducing turbofan engine noise of an aircraft, the method comprising utilizing
software to design arrays of resonator channels that are packaged into complex geometries and to design and analyze acoustic
liners for portions of a turbofan engine previously unused:
utilizing input data to produce a drawing image that is viewed on a display screen;
forming an image representing an acoustic liner on a display screen, the image including a plurality of resonator channels
having channel geometries; wherein at least one of the resonator channels includes at least two substantially linear segments
that are joined by a bend defining a vertex; wherein upon defining the vertex, calculating segment lengths and average channel
wall separation;

utilizing input data related to the channel geometries to calculate predicted acoustic impedance and absorption of noise by
the resonator channels while evaluating arrays of channels and individually controlling the surface impedance of each individual
channel;

calculating output data relating to predicted acoustic impedance and absorption of noise by the acoustic liner, wherein an
image is displayed representing predicted acoustic impedance and absorption of noise by the acoustic liner; and wherein:

the predicted acoustic impedance and absorption of noise utilizes a one dimensional transmission line mathematical model,
and the aircraft turbofan engine acoustic liner provides broadband sound absorption in spaces previously unused and unsuitable
for acoustic liners due to the geometric complexities of available space, and the image representing predicted acoustic impedance
and absorption of noise is changed and updated in real time upon changing the geometry of at least a selected one of the geometry
of the resonator channels.

US Pat. No. 9,354,880

PROCESSING DEVICE FOR HIGH-SPEED EXECUTION OF AN XRISC COMPUTER PROGRAM

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A processing device for high-speed execution of a computer program comprising:
a memory module configured to store one or more computer programs;
a sequencer configured to select one of the computer programs and control execution of the selected computer program;
a register module including a first memory module and a second memory module configured to store a set of intermediate values
associated with a current calculation set, a set of output values associated with a previous calculation set, and a set of
input values associated with a subsequent calculation set, wherein the register module is configured to toggle between the
first state and the second state such that in the first state the first memory module stores the set of intermediate values
associated with the current calculation set and the second memory module stores the set of input values associated with the
subsequent calculation set and the set of output values associated with the previous calculation set and in the second state
the second memory module stores the set of intermediate values associated with the current calculation set and the first memory
module stores the set of input values associated with the subsequent calculation set and the set of output values associated
with the previous calculation set;

an external interface configured to receive the set of input values associated with the subsequent calculation set from a
computing device and to provide the set of output values associated with the previous calculation set to the computing device;

a computation interface configured to provide a set of operands for computation during processing of the current calculation
set; and

wherein the processing device is configured such that the set of input values associated with the subsequent calculation set
are loaded into the register module and the set of output values associated with the previous calculation set are unloaded
from the register module in parallel with processing of the current calculation set.

US Pat. No. 9,266,803

LIQUID SEPARATION BY MEMBRANE ASSISTED VAPOR STRIPPING PROCESS

The United States of Amer...

1. A process for separating a liquid feed mixture of two or more solvents in which one solvent (“A”) predominates with other
dilute solvent present at concentrations less than 50 mole %, said process comprising the steps of:
a. introducing a flow of a liquid feed mixture stream at the top of a vapor stripping column wherein the stripping column
additionally contains a rising vapor phase, said vapor stripping column also containing devices inside the column which establish
mass transfer surfaces for the interaction of vapor phase and liquid feed mixture streams whereby there is produced a bottoms
liquid stream depleted in the more dilute compound and an overhead vapor stream,

b. increasing the pressure of said overhead vapor stream using a mechanical overhead vapor compression device to produce a
compressed vapor stream;

c. passing the compressed vapor stream to a vapor permeation membrane system, the membrane system comprising: at least one
permselective membrane having a feed side and a permeate side wherein the feed side of the permselective membrane is in contact
with the compressed vapor stream and the permeate side of the permselective membrane is in contact with a vapor at a pressure
reduced relative to that of the feed side;

d. withdrawing from the permeate side of the membrane system a permeate vapor stream enriched in solvent “A” relative to the
compressed vapor stream which was passed on to the feed side of the membrane,

e. withdrawing from the feed side a retentate, non-permeated, vapor depleted in solvent “A”,
f. introducing at least a portion of the permeate vapor stream withdrawn in step d into the stripping column at the base of
the stripping column, wherein a portion of sensible heat in the bottoms liquid stream of step a is transferred to the liquid
feed mixture using a heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 9,255,941

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING FLUENCE OF A SUBSTANCE

The United States of Amer...

16. A system for measuring fluence of atomic oxygen comprising:
a first photodiode outputting a current or a voltage based on light received;
a barrier positioned to block a portion of light received at the first photodiode, the barrier having a first portion and
a second portion separated by a gap such that only light passing through the gap is received at the first photodiode;

a second photodiode positioned away from the barrier such that the second photodiode receives light representative of the
first photodiode without the barrier, wherein the system measures atomic oxygen fluence; and

a processor capable of determining the fluence of atomic oxygen based on the comparison of the light received from the first
light detector and the second light detector.

US Pat. No. 9,252,477

MULTIMODE DIRECTIONAL COUPLER

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a primary waveguide having a first longitudinal axis and configured to propagate a fundamental signal from one port of the
primary waveguide to another port of the primary waveguide; and

a secondary waveguide having a second longitudinal axis parallel to the first longitudinal axis wherein the second waveguide
is rotated 90 degrees about the second longitudinal axis and configured to extract a second or higher harmonic signal from
the primary waveguide with minimum perturbation to the fundamental signal.

US Pat. No. 9,201,146

AIRBORNE DOPPLER WIND LIDAR POST DATA PROCESSING SOFTWARE DAPS-LV

The United States of Amer...

1. An airborne wind profiling method performed by a system comprising a computing device in communication with an airborne
Doppler Wind LIDAR system and an INS/GPS system mounted on an aircraft, the computing device comprising a display, a memory,
and a processor connected to the display and the memory, the method comprising:
receiving an indication of user selected data processing parameters;
receiving airborne Doppler Wind LIDAR data and associated INS/GPS data from the airborne Doppler Wind LIDAR system and the
INS/GPS system;

generating wind profile parameters using the airborne Doppler Wind LIDAR data and associated INS/GPS data and the indication
of user selected data processing parameters;

displaying the wind profile parameters in a single set wind parameter estimate display, wherein displaying the wind profile
parameters in a single set wind parameter estimate display comprises displaying graphs of wind parameter estimates made using
a two orthogonal direction based algorithm and a five direction based algorithm overlaid with dropsonde data; and

displaying the wind profile parameters in a long haul wind parameter estimate display.
US Pat. No. 9,182,394

FABRICATION OF NANOPIPETTE ARRAYS FOR BIOSENSING

1. A method for providing and applying an array of M nanopipette channels (M?2), the method comprising:
processing a substrate comprising an AN-metal, defined herein as a metal that permits anodization of at least one surface
of the substrate, to form an oxide layer and an array of a selected number M nanopipette channels (M?2) on the at least one
surface, having adjustable channel diameters in a selected channel diameter range, having adjustable channel depths in a selected
channel depth range, and having channel axes oriented transverse to the at least one surface; and

etching or otherwise removing an exposed portion of non-oxidized material between the at least two channels to an etch depth
in a selected etch depth range, to provide each of the channels with an exposed inner surface and an exposed outer surface.

US Pat. No. 9,651,682

DEVICE AND METHOD OF SCINTILLATING QUANTUM DOTS FOR RADIATION IMAGING

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. An X-ray imaging device, comprising:
an X-ray generator configured to generate a beam of X-rays;
a microstructured X-ray detector comprising a material defining a first surface that faces the X-ray generator and a second
surface opposite the first surface, the material including a plurality of discrete cavities having openings defined in the
first surface and that extend from the first surface to the second surface and define openings in the second surface, the
detector further including a mirror disposed on the second surface covering the openings in the second surface, the detector
further including a plurality of quantum dots disposed in the plurality of discrete cavities, wherein the quantum dots are
configured to interact with X-ray radiation from the X-ray generator and emit visible photons.

US Pat. No. 9,490,899

OPTICAL TUNABLE-BASED TRANSMITTER FOR MULTIPLE RADIO FREQUENCY BANDS

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a tunable laser configured to generate a plurality of optical wavelengths;
a demultiplexer configured to receive the plurality of optical wavelengths and simultaneously output N number of channels
onto N number of optical wavelength paths, where N is an integer greater than 0;

an array of active bandpass optical filters controlled by a wavelength controller and is configured to receive the output
of each of the N number of optical wavelength paths;

wherein the wavelength controller is connected to each bandpass optical filter to select a desired output optical wavelength;
wherein the output of each bandpass optical filter is controlled by the wavelength controller to generate the desired optical
wavelength;

wherein the N number of optical wavelengths controlled by the wavelength controller is received by N number of electro-optic
modulators and modulated by N number of radio frequency bands; and

wherein the N number of modulated optical wavelengths are transmitted to a multiplexer to combine into a single optical beam.

US Pat. No. 9,477,795

MODELING, SIMULATION, AND CONTROL OF A SOLAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION VEHICLE IN NEAR-EARTH VICINITY INCLUDING SOLAR ARRAY DEGRADATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:
creating, by a computing system, a rigid body vehicle simulation of a solar electric propulsion (SEP) vehicle using at least
one solar array model, at least one model of a space environment, and at least one model of a SEP propulsion system;

determining, by the computing system, power availability and thrust profiles based on the rigid body vehicle simulation as
the SEP vehicle transitions from a low Earth orbit (LEO) to a higher orbit or trajectory; and

displaying, by the computing system, the power availability and thrust profiles such that a user can use the displayed power
availability and thrust profiles to determine design parameters for an SEP vehicle mission.

US Pat. No. 9,465,965

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUSES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A radio frequency identification (RFID) system, comprising:
an enclosure comprising an at least partly closed structure defining a boundary between an interior region, interior to the
structure, and an exterior of the structure, the structure having an inner surface facing the interior region and an outer
surface facing the exterior;

at least one feed configured for (1) generating an electromagnetic field in the interior region in response to a first signal
received from an RFID reader via at least one radio frequency (RF) transmission line, and (2) receiving, from at least one
RFID sensor located in the interior region, a second signal generated in response to the electromagnetic field; and

a container configured to contain the enclosure, wherein the at least one feed is attached to the container,
wherein at least a part of the outer surface is conductive or at least a portion of the inner surface is conductive,
wherein the structure includes a wall extending within the interior region, the wall having two longitudinal sides and extending
from a first portion of the inner surface of the structure across the interior region to or toward a second portion of the
inner surface of the structure, with an electromagnetic aperture provided in the wall, so as to divide the interior region
into two subregions on either longitudinal side of the wall, the two subregions configured for coupling with each other upon
generation of the electromagnetic field in the interior region, and

wherein the enclosure comprises an aperture aligned with the at least one feed, such that when the enclosure is positioned
within the container the at least one feed is disposed within the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 9,447,260

METHODS FOR PREPARING NANOPARTICLE-CONTAINING THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITE LAMINATES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of producing a nanoparticle-containing composite laminate comprising:
contacting a fibrous structural reinforcement with a thermoplastic polymer matrix resin and a plurality of nanoparticles to
form a plurality of nanoparticle-containing composites, wherein the nanoparticles comprise at least one of nanofibers and
nanotubes;

layering the plurality of nanoparticle-containing composites; and
fusing the layers sequentially to one another via a moving heated head process to form a completed laminate in which the thermoplastic
polymer matrix resin has full crystallinity.

US Pat. No. 9,419,558

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IN-SITU HEALTH MONITORING OF SOLAR CELLS IN SPACE

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a solar cell or solar cell string isolated for in-situ testing and measurement;
a metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor connected to said solar cell or solar cell string;
a time variant excitation voltage to change a gate control voltage of said metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor
thus sweeping the channel resistance over its entire range; and

wherein a measurement of a current and a voltage of said solar cell or solar cell string is performed as the current and voltage
of the solar cell or string are transmitted through a first channel and to a second channel of the solar cell board.

US Pat. No. 9,383,254

SYMMETRIC ABSORBER-COUPLED FAR-INFRARED MICROWAVE KINETIC INDUCTANCE DETECTOR

The United States of Amer...

1. A far-infrared microwave kinetic inductance detector comprising:
a membrane having an absorber disposed thereon; and
a microstrip including a plurality of conductor microstrip lines disposed along all edges of said membrane, and separated
from a ground plane by said membrane;

wherein said absorber is disposed in a pattern, including a symmetric cross bar pattern, on said membrane, and also wherein
said pattern is made from a metallic material formed from a superconducting material with a transition temperature below niobium,
including one of aluminum, titanium nitride, or molybdenum nitride, and said conducting microstrip lines are made from niobium
and said pattern is disposed on both a top and a bottom of said membrane, and creates a parallel-plate coupled transmission
line on said membrane that acts as a half-wavelength resonator at readout frequencies.

US Pat. No. 9,333,517

FLUIDIC OSCILLATOR ARRAY FOR SYNCHRONIZED OSCILLATING JET GENERATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A fluidic oscillator array, comprising:
a plurality of fluidic-oscillator main flow channels, each of said main flow channels having an inlet and a single outlet
wherein a fluid flow is adapted to enter at said inlet and exit at said outlet, each of said main flow channels having a first
control port and a second control port disposed at opposing sides thereof, and each of said main flow channels having a first
feedback port and a second feedback port disposed at opposing sides thereof wherein all feedback and control ports on the
first side of the main flow channels fluidically communicate with a first feedback accumulator, and all feedback and control
ports on a second side of the main flow channels fluidically communicate with a second feedback accumulator;

and wherein said first feedback port and said second feedback port are located downstream of said first control port and said
second control port, respectively, with respect to a direction of said fluid flow;

and wherein the first feedback accumulator is in fluid communication with each said first control port and each said first
feedback port; and

and wherein the second feedback accumulator is in fluid communication with each said second control port and each said second
feedback port.

US Pat. No. 9,334,059

ACOUSTIC PANEL LINER FOR AN ENGINE NACELLE

The United States of Amer...

1. An acoustic panel liner, the acoustic panel liner comprising:
a face sheet;
a back plate configured to attach to an internal surface; and
a liner core disposed between the face sheet and the back plate, said liner core comprising:
a first and second elongated chamber extending between said face sheet and said back plate, and
a first and second septum, wherein said first septum has a first DC flow resistance and is disposed within said first elongated
chamber at a first insertion depth, and said second septum has a second DC flow resistance and is disposed within said second
elongated chamber at a second insertion depth, wherein said first DC flow resistance is from about 40 to about 1,200 MKS Rayls
and said second DC flow resistance is at least about 2,000 MKS Rayls.

US Pat. No. 9,336,421

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RFID-ENABLED INFORMATION COLLECTION

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for radio frequency identification (RFID)-enabled information collection comprising:
one or more ring elements, each ring element including a conductive ring connected to an RFID integrated circuit;
at least one source element;
an interrogator capable of transmitting a signal to the source element; and
at least one of the conductive rings capable of coupling to its source element when the conductive ring is in a first position
and orientation, energizing the RFID circuit associated with the conductive ring to respond; and

a processor in communication with the interrogator and capable of deriving information regarding the positions and orientations
of the one or ring elements relative to the one or more source elements.

US Pat. No. 9,331,607

LARGE STRAIN TRANSPARENT MAGNETO-ACTIVE POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of producing superparamagnetic MnFe2O4 nanoparticles comprising:
mixing iron (III) acetylactonate, manganese acetyl acetonate, dodecanoic acid, 1, 2 dodecanediol, dodecylamine,
benzyl ether under a nitrogen blanket for a first amount of time;
increasing the mixture temperature to approximately 150° C. for a second amount of time;
increasing the mixture temperature to approximately 300° C. for a third amount of time;
precipitating the nanoparticles in methanol; and
centrifuging and washing nanoparticles with excess methanol.

US Pat. No. 9,291,774

POLARIZATION DEPENDENT WHISPERING GALLERY MODES IN MICROSPHERES

The United States of Amer...

1. A tunable resonant system, comprising:
a microsphere that receives an incident portion of a light beam generated via a light source, and wherein the light beam has
a wavelength;

a waveguide that transmits the light beam from the light source to the microsphere, wherein the light beam transmitted in
the waveguide forms a fundamental mode in the waveguide, wherein the waveguide has a normalized frequency; and

a polarizer disposed in a path of the waveguide between the light source and the microsphere, wherein the polarizer is rotated
around its axis;

wherein a fraction of the incident portion of the light beam that forms the fundamental mode in the waveguide is coupled into
the microsphere, wherein the said fraction of the incident portion of the light beam creates a set of primary resonances inside
the microsphere, and

wherein a change in the normalized frequency of the waveguide creates a second order mode in the waveguide, and
wherein the second order mode in the waveguide is coupled into the microsphere and creates a set of secondary resonances inside
the microsphere.

US Pat. No. 9,284,636

IMPACT TOUGHNESS AND HEAT TREATMENT FOR CAST ALUMINUM

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for transforming the impact toughness coefficient of an aluminum component consisting essentially of the steps
of:
casting a cast component from a modified aluminum alloy using a low pressure permanent mold (LPPM) casting process,
wherein said modified aluminum alloy consists essentially of up to 0.20% copper, up to 0.10% manganese, less than 0.12% iron,
up to 0.10% zinc, up to 0.90% magnesium by weight, up to 0.20% titanium by weight, silicon and a balance of aluminum,

wherein said modified aluminum alloy contains a silicon-to-magnesium product ratio R of 4.0, wherein R is determined using
the formula R=M×S, wherein M is a percentage of Magnesium in said modified aluminum alloy and S is a percentage of Silicon
in said modified aluminum alloy;

heating said cast component at a solution treatment temperature for up to one hour;
cooling said cast component by quenching;
heating said cast component at a second temperature for up to one hour; and
cooling said cast component.
US Pat. No. 9,243,223

HIGH-DENSITY SPOT SEEDING FOR TISSUE MODEL FORMATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A three-dimensional model of muscle tissue produced by steps comprising:
seeding anchorage-dependent cells onto a support to form a cell spot, the cells having a range of concentration of from about
1×105 to about 1×106 cells per milliliter of culture medium, with the volume of each spot being within a range of about 20 ?l to about 50 ?l, wherein
the anchorage-dependent cell is a cell that can be induced into a muscle cell;

incubating the cells for an initial period of time to allow the cells to partially attach to the support;
removing any cells that have not partially attached to the support after the initial period of time of incubation;
adding growth culture medium to the support after removing the unattached cells such that the partially attached cells proliferate
about a periphery of the cell spot and differentiate away from the center of the cell spot, wherein the amount of growth culture
medium added is a volume sufficient to enable the partially attached cells to proliferate undisturbed and without culture
medium refresh for a period of time of at least seven days;

further incubating the cells to form a first layer of muscle tissue, wherein further incubating causes the cells to align,
fuse and mature into functional muscle tissue;

making a second layer of muscle tissue, made in the same manner as the first layer of muscle tissue;
positioning the second layer of muscle tissue on top of the first layer of muscle tissue; and
positioning a layer of extracellular matrix component in between the first layer and the second layer of muscle tissue to
produce a three-dimensional tissue model.

US Pat. No. 9,227,721

VARIABLE CAMBER CONTINUOUS AERODYNAMIC CONTROL SURFACES AND METHODS FOR ACTIVE WING SHAPING CONTROL

1. A method for implementing control of a wing shape comprising:
identifying or determining a lift distribution for an air vehicle having at least one wing;
determining a deflection of the at least one wing of the air vehicle based at least in part upon the lift distribution;
determining one or more deflections of multiple chordwise flap segments based at least in part upon the deflection of the
at least one wing;

allowing for a bending shape change, a twisting shape change, and a camber shape change of the at least one wing using the
multiple chordwise flap segments that form individual spanwise flap sections by transmitting one or more flap control signals
from a controller to the multiple chordwise flap segments and spanwise flap sections to approximate the wing shape of the
at least one wing to the deflection of the at least one wing;

identifying or determining one or more aeroelastic modes for modal suppression; and
determining a deflection of the at least one wing of the air vehicle based at least in part upon the aeroelastic modes.

US Pat. No. 9,170,086

INDUCTIVE POSITION SENSOR

The United States of Amer...

1. An inductive position sensor, comprising:
a first inductor having a first axial core;
a second inductor having a second axial core;
a third inductor having a third axial core;
each of said first axial core, said second axial core, and said third axial core being an independent magnetic structure;
a first support coupled to said first inductor and said second inductor for separating said first inductor and said second
inductor by a fixed distance with said first axial core and said second axial core maintained parallel to one another;

a second support coupled to said third inductor for disposing said third inductor between said first inductor and said second
inductor with said third axial core maintained parallel to said first axial core and said second axial core;

said first inductor, said second inductor, and said third inductor immersed in a common medium wherein said first inductor,
said second inductor, and said third inductor are inductively coupled through said common medium;

said first support and said second support configured for relative movement therebetween wherein said first axial core, said
second axial core, and said third axial core remain parallel to one another during said relative movement as distance changes
from said third inductor to each of said first inductor and said second inductor;

a first electrical conductor arrangement coupling said first inductor to said second inductor;
a second electrical conductor arrangement coupled to said third inductor;
a source for supplying an oscillating voltage to said first electrical conductor arrangement wherein an oscillating current
is supplied to said first inductor and said second inductor and wherein a polarity of said oscillating current supplied to
said first inductor is opposite to a polarity of said oscillating current supplied to said second inductor;

a device coupled to said source for measuring a phase component of said oscillating voltage, said device further coupled to
said second electrical conductor arrangement for measuring voltage induced in said third inductor when said oscillating current
is supplied to said first inductor and said second inductor wherein measurement of said induced voltage is restricted by said
device to a phase component of said induced voltage that overlaps said phase component of said oscillating voltage; and

said first electrical conductor arrangement and said second electrical conductor arrangement having fixed capacitance therebetween
during said relative movement.

US Pat. No. 9,132,909

FLAP EDGE NOISE REDUCTION FINS

The United States of Amer...

1. A flap of the type that is movably connected to an aircraft wing to provide control of an aircraft in flight, the flap
comprising:
an elongated flap structure defining first and second opposite ends and leading and trailing edges extending lengthwise between
the opposite ends, the elongated flap structure defining upper and lower side surfaces extending lengthwise between opposite
ends and fore-aft between the leading and trailing edges, and wherein, in use, air flow adjacent to the opposite ends forms
high pressure and lower pressure regions;

wherein at least a portion of the first opposite end includes a plurality of substantially rigid, laterally extending protrusions
that are contained within the volume of the flap structure and are spaced apart to form a plurality of fluidly interconnected
passageways between the protrusions, the passageways having openings adjacent to the upper and lower side surfaces of the
elongated flap structure, wherein the protrusions maintain the profile of the flap and wherein the protrusion distribution
is not segmented by significant voids in the fore-aft direction between the leading and trailing edges; and further wherein
the passageways include a plurality of bends whereby, in use, high pressure fluid enters the openings at a high pressure region
and flows through the passageways to a low pressure region to thereby provide a boundary condition that inhibits noise resulting
from airflow around the first opposite end of the elongated flap structure.

US Pat. No. 9,127,469

SAFETY SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING FLUID FLOW INTO A SUCTION LINE

The United States of Amer...

1. A safety system placed at the inlet of a pool's suction line for controlling water flowing from the pool into the suction
line, comprising:
a sleeve adapted to fit within the pool's suction line at the suction line's inlet, said sleeve being open at a first end
thereof that is approximately aligned with the suction line's inlet, said sleeve terminating at a second end thereof with
a plate adapted to reside within the suction line, said plate having a plurality of holes formed therethrough;

a housing defining a plurality of distinct channels therein, said housing fitted in said sleeve wherein said distinct channels
lie within said sleeve, each of said distinct channels having a first opening on one end thereof and a second opening on another
end thereof wherein a plurality of first openings and a plurality of second openings are defined, each of said second openings
residing in said sleeve, each of said distinct channels being at least approximately three feet in length and traversing a
nonlinear path; and

each of said first openings adapted to be in fluid communication with the water in the pool, said first openings distributed
around a periphery of an area of said housing that prevents coverage of all said first openings when a human interacts therewith.

US Pat. No. 9,091,490

OPEN LOOP HEAT PIPE RADIATOR HAVING A FREE-PISTON FOR WIPING CONDENSED WORKING FLUID

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A heat pipe radiator to dissipate waste heat comprising:
a radiator tube having a first end, a second end, and a tube wall, the tube wall having an inner surface and an outer surface,
wherein the tube wall maximizes thermal conduction to dissipate waste heat;

a pressure driven free-piston enclosed within the radiator tube and capable of movement within the radiator tube between the
first and second ends, wherein the free-piston comprises a fluid seal, the free-piston defining a first space between the
free-piston, the first end, and the tube wall, and further defining a second space between the free-piston, the second end,
and the tube wall, wherein the fluid seal is in contact with the inner surface of the tube wall and the free-piston to minimize
the flow of a working fluid between the first space and the second space;

wherein a gaseous-state of a two-phase working fluid alternately enters the first and second spaces and condenses on the inner
surface of the tube wall, such that energy is removed from the working fluid and the energy is radiated by the outer surface
of the tube wall, and wherein the free-piston wipes condensed working fluid from the inner surface as the free-piston alternately
moves between the first and second ends.

US Pat. No. 9,076,658

HIGH PRECISION METAL THIN FILM LIFTOFF TECHNIQUE

The United States of Amer...

1. A metal film liftoff process comprising:
applying a polymer layer onto a silicon substrate;
applying a germanium layer over the polymer layer to create a bilayer lift off mask;
applying a patterned photoresist layer over the germanium layer;
removing an exposed portion of the germanium layer;
removing the photoresist layer and a portion of the polymer layer to expose a portion of the substrate and create an overhanging
structure of the germanium layer;

depositing a metal film over the exposed portion of the substrate and the germanium layer; and
removing the polymer and germanium layers.

US Pat. No. 9,075,749

DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM IN A COMPLEX VECTOR SPACE

The United States of Amer...

1. An image-based wavefront sensing method in a space based interstellar observatory with mirror segments of focusing by determining
phase difference between received images, removing that phase difference by calculating a discrete Fourier transform (DFT)
to produce a series of resultants for a plurality of signals corresponding to received images and iteratively multiplying
the resultants with previous iterative resultants of each signal until a convergence is achieved comprising the steps of:
providing a space based interstellar observatory with mirror segments;
accepting point-source images to recover embedded phase information by said space based interstellar observatory;
receiving data from an external sensor array wherein the data includes embedded phase information;
pre-calculating a similarity transform based on orthonormal eigenvectors as columns;
pre-calculating a multiplication of the pre-calculated similarity transform with the data to minimize calculation time and
processor hardware;

iteratively processing the data in a diagonal fashion to determine a phase difference by implementing the DFT in a 1 dimensional
linear array using just N operations, where 0
back-transforming the data at the end of the calculation in a single step;
minimizing pretransforming and back-transforming data operations;
focusing the received images based on the determined phase difference; and
iteratively realigning the mirror segments to minimize focusing error effects.

US Pat. No. 9,075,188

METHOD OF MAKING LIGHTWEIGHT, SINGLE CRYSTAL MIRROR

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of making a mirror, comprising:
providing a single crystal blank with a back, non-optical side and a front, optical side, further the blank of cylindrical
shape with the material of the blank made from boron-doped single crystal silicon composed of non dislocation free (non-slip)
material; then

creating an optical surface on the blank; then
placing a protector on the optical surface made from Pyrex with a around surface curved opposite to optical surface of the
front of the blank; then

light weighting the blank by grinding a non-optical surface of the blank; then
reducing distortion of the optical surface caused by the light weighting; and then
depositing a reflecting coating on the optical surface wherein the non-optical side includes a circumferential rim with a
plurality of equally spaced radial webs for stiffness with multiple mounting holes, each mounting hole radially aligned with
a respective radial web to prevent excessive distortion of the mirror with the rim thickened in areas of each mounting hole.

US Pat. No. 9,062,712

PASSIVE THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF FOIL BEARINGS

The United States of Amer...

1. A foil bearing system, comprising:
a compliant foil bearing mounted to a stationary member and operably disposed between the stationary member and a rotating
member, wherein the compliant foil bearing supports the rotating member via a fluid film when the rotating member rotates;

a plurality of compliant foils mounted to the compliant foil bearing, the plurality of compliant foils facilitate passive
thermal management of the fluid film without an external energy source, wherein the plurality of compliant foils are formed
to disrupt a flow of heated lubricant from one compliant foil to the ensuing compliant foil.

US Pat. No. 9,052,250

METHOD OF CALIBRATING A FORCE BALANCE

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of calibrating a force balance, the method comprising:
providing a force balance to be calibrated;
operably interconnecting a mass of a known magnitude to the force balance whereby acceleration forces acting on the mass are
reacted solely by the force balance;

causing the mass to accelerate at a known rate while the mass is moving to generate a force on the force balance;
determining an expected force acting on the force balance based on the magnitude of the mass and the known acceleration of
the mass;

adjusting an output of the force balance to provide a measured force that is substantially equal to the expected force.

US Pat. No. 9,601,391

MECHANICAL STRESS MEASUREMENT DURING THIN-FILM FABRICATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of determining mechanical stress experienced by a film being fabricated on a substrate, comprising the steps of:
providing a substrate in a vacuum deposition chamber, said substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposing
said first surface wherein said first surface is disposed to have a film deposited thereon and wherein said second surface
is a specular reflective surface;

supporting a portion of said substrate along a circular geometry thereof, said circular geometry having a center;
positioning an optical displacement sensor in said vacuum deposition chamber in a spaced-apart relationship with respect to
a portion of said second surface located at approximately said center of said circular geometry;

depositing a film on said first surface; and
measuring, during said step of depositing, displacement of said portion of said second surface using said optical displacement
sensor, wherein said displacement is indicative of a radius of curvature of said substrate, and wherein said radius of curvature
is indicative of mechanical stress experienced by said film during said step of depositing.

US Pat. No. 9,506,571

CRYOGENIC CAM BUTTERFLY VALVE

The United States of Amer...

1. A cam butterfly valve, comprising:
a body including an axially extending fluid conduit formed there through;
a valve seat projecting from the body annularly within the fluid conduit;
a cam shaft having a cam of circular cross section, disposed transverse to an axis of the fluid conduit, and mounted within
the body to rotate about a shaft axis;

a valve disc having a seating surface that corresponds in a closed position to the valve seat of the body;
a disc lug connected to a back side of the valve disc and having a circular bore that receives and is larger than the cam
of the cam shaft, the valve disc rotatable for a quarter turn within the body about a lug axis that is offset from the shaft
axis; and

at least one torsion spring mounted concentrically on the cam shaft with one spring leg against the valve disc having a preload
of sufficient torque to cause the valve disc to rigidly move with the cam shaft;

wherein actuating the cam shaft in the closing rotational direction first causes the camming side of the cam of the cam shaft
to rotate the disc lug and the valve disc a quarter turn from the open position to the closed position and further actuating
causes the camming side of the cam shaft to translate the valve disc into sealed contact with the valve seat, said valve disc
being translated by the force of the valve disc against the valve seat; and

Wherein actuating the cam shaft in an opening rotational direction first causes the camming side of the cam of the cam shaft
to reverse translate the valve disc to unseal from the valve seat and continued actuating causes the caroming side of the
cam shaft to reverse rotate the disc lug and valve disc a quarter turn from the closed position to the open position.

US Pat. No. 9,493,635

NANOCOMPOSITES FROM STABLE DISPERSIONS OF CARBON NANOTUBES IN POLYMERIC MATRICES USING DISPERSION INTERACTION

The United States of Amer...

1. A stable dispersion of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in a polymeric matrix for use as a nanocomposite, comprising CNTs dispersed
thermodynamically in a host copolypeptide at a high enough concentration such that the resulting nanocomposites are electrically
conductive, show at least about a 52% increase in Young's Modulus, at least about a 250% increase in yield strength, and at
least about a 41% increase in percent elongation at break, wherein the copolypeptide comprises an aromatic unit and a non-aromatic
unit, and wherein donor-acceptor interactions are tuned to result in an induced dipole dispersion interaction between the
host copolypeptide and the CNTs dispersed therein.

US Pat. No. 9,478,842

INTERCONNECT BETWEEN A WAVEGUIDE AND A DIELECTRIC WAVEGUIDE COMPRISING AN IMPEDANCE MATCHED DIELECTRIC LENS

The United States of Amer...

7. An apparatus, comprising:
an interconnect, comprising an impedance matching section, between a first waveguide and a second waveguide, wherein the interconnect
is configured to maximize power issued from the first waveguide to the second waveguide while minimizing power loss, wherein
the interconnect comprises a curved lens to minimize an amount of radiation leakage at an insertion point between the first
waveguide and the second waveguide and wherein the impedance matching section comprises one of either a single step or multi-step
transition at an insertion point between the first waveguide and the lens.

US Pat. No. 9,470,634

ELECTRIDE MEDIATED SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SCATTERING (SERS)

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus to enhance a target analyte for detection via Raman scattering, comprising:
a Raman spectroscopy system;
a substrate comprising an electride material having a textured surface, the substrate positioned to be interrogated by the
Raman spectroscopy system; and

the target analyte coated over at least part of the textured surface of the electride substrate to enhance detection of the
target analyte for Raman scattering.

US Pat. No. 9,431,778

DUST TOLERANT CONNECTORS

The United States of Amer...

1. A debris exclusion and removal apparatus comprising:
a first housing having an open end and one or more surfaces defining a first cavity to receive a first connector;
a first cap coupled to the first housing, wherein the first cap is movable between a closed position in which the open end
of the first housing is covered by the first cap and an open position in which the open end of the first housing is not covered
by the first cap;

a second housing having a second cap and an open end and one or more surfaces defining a second cavity to receive a second
connector; and

a second hinge coupled to the second housing and the second cap, wherein the second hinge inverts the second cap between a
closed position and an open position;

wherein when the open end of the first housing and the open end of the second housing are coupled to one another, the first
cap and the second cap seal one another.

US Pat. No. 9,424,654

HIGH SPEED EDGE DETECTION

The United States of Amer...

1. A method, comprising:
detecting, by a comparator, an edge by determining when an all pass signal is below a low pass signal minus an offset or the
all pass signal is above the low pass signal plus the offset;

sending, by the comparator, a latching signal to a latch when the edge is detected; and
holding, by the latch, a last edge location when the latching signal is received from the comparator.

US Pat. No. 9,419,319

PHOTONIC WAVEGUIDE CHOKE JOINT WITH ABSORPTIVE LOADING

The United States of Amer...

1. A photonic waveguide choke, the photonic waveguide choke comprising:
a first waveguide flange member having periodic metal tiling pillars;
a dissipative dielectric material positioned within an area between the periodic metal tiling pillars; and
a second waveguide flange member disposed to be coupled with the first waveguide flange member and in spaced-apart relationship
separated by a gap, the first waveguide flange member having an array of two-dimensional pillar structures formed therein,
and the second waveguide flange member having a substantially smooth surface,

wherein the dissipative dielectric material has a dielectric constant between 9?j and 9?3j.

US Pat. No. 9,414,072

PERFORMANCE OF THE JPEG ESTIMATED SPECTRUM ADAPTIVE POSTFILTER (JPEG-ESAP) FOR LOW BIT RATES

The United States of Amer...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:
creating JPEG quantization coefficients, by a computing system, for each respective color plane of a plurality of color planes;
JPEG decoding each color plane, by the computing system, to generate YCbCr discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients for
estimated spectrum adaptive postfilter (ESAP) postfiltering;

ESAP postfiltering each of the color planes, by the computing system; and
outputting a JPEG image file and an ESAP postfiltered image file, by the computing system.

US Pat. No. 9,382,000

AIRCRAFT DESIGN

The United States of Amer...

1. An aircraft that provides adverse yaw control without a rudder, comprising:
wings having a span load that changes from downwash to upwash at a location from about 60% to about 80% of the way from an
aircraft centerline to a tip of the wings by providing a total wing twist percentage of about 10 times the aircraft's design
lift coefficient to about 30 times the aircraft's design lift coefficient wherein from about 10% to about 35% of the total
wing twist occurs from the centerline to about halfway to the wing tip and the remainder of the total wing twist occurs from
about halfway to the wing tip to the wing tip.

US Pat. No. 9,370,918

METHODS FOR USING DURABLE ADHESIVELY BONDED JOINTS FOR SANDWICH STRUCTURES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for increasing durability of adhesively bonded joints in a sandwich structure, the method comprising:
providing a first face sheet, a second face sheet, and a sandwich core material arranged between the first face sheet and
the second face sheet;

providing a first splice and a second splice;
providing an insert structure having a first insert face sheet, a second insert face sheet, and an insert core material arranged
between the first insert face sheet and the second insert face sheet, wherein the sandwich core material has a recessed area
configured to hold at least a portion of the insert structure;

coupling the first splice to the first face sheet using a first primary bondline;
coupling the second splice to the second face sheet using a second primary bondline;
coupling the first face sheet to the first insert face sheet using a first redundant bondline;
coupling the second face sheet to the second insert face sheet using a second redundant bondline; and
reducing a load on the first primary bondline by the first redundant bondline and a load on the second primary bondline by
the second redundant bondline.

US Pat. No. 9,365,756

LOW-MELT POLY(AMIC ACIDS) AND POLYIMIDES AND THEIR USES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of attaching two substrates comprising:
(a) contacting two substrates with a low-melt polymer; and
(b) heating the low-melt polymer to a bonding temperature effective to melt or cross-link the low-melt polymer and form an
adhesive bond between the two substrates;

wherein the low-melt polymer comprises a poly(amic acid) or a polyimide.

US Pat. No. 9,336,484

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OUTLIER DETECTION VIA ESTIMATING CLUSTERS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of detecting anomalies in a behavior of a system implemented by a processor coupled to a memory, the memory having
stored therein a set of instructions, that when executed by the processor, cause the processor to perform the method comprising:
(a) providing cluster modeling data for a plurality of clusters to an outlier detection module, the cluster modeling data
identifying a number of training points in each of the plurality of clusters;

(b) receiving a query point at the outlier detection module, the query point comprising a plurality of parameters, the query
point including training data provided by the plurality of sensors in real-time or near real-time, wherein the sensors provide
sensor data, wherein the sensor data including at least one of pressure data, flow data, position data, acceleration data,
velocity data and temperature data, wherein the sensor data utilized to form the query point;

(c) generating a group of closest clusters that is closest to the query point from the plurality of clusters, using the outlier
detection module and determining if the group of the closest cluster is satisfied a threshold value, wherein the threshold
value is a user-defined value;

(d) determining a weighted distance value between the query point and each cluster in the group of closest clusters using
the outlier detection module, wherein the weighted distance value, WDV, between the query point and each cluster in the group
of closest clusters is determined by:

WDV=nd where n is the number of the training points in a cluster and d is the distance between the cluster and the query point;
(e) generating a summary distance value for the query point by combining the weighted distance values between the query point
and each of the clusters using the outlier detection module; and

(f) determining if the query point is an outlier based upon the summary distance value using the outlier detection module.

US Pat. No. 9,327,822

VARIABLE GEOMETRY AIRCRAFT WING SUPPORTED BY STRUTS AND/OR TRUSSES

1. An aircraft having variable airframe geometry for accommodating efficient flight at low speeds and as speed increases towards
supersonic speeds, the aircraft comprising:
an elongated fuselage;
an oblique wing pivotally connected with said fuselage;
a wing pivoting mechanism connected with said oblique wing and said fuselage;
a rotating joint connected with said fuselage; and
a strut operably connected between said oblique wing and said rotating joint, said strut being a load carrying structure and
having an airfoil shaped cross section.

US Pat. No. 9,296,972

FRICTION AND WEAR MODIFIERS USING SOLVENT PARTITIONING OF HYDROPHILIC SURFACE-INTERACTIVE CHEMICALS CONTAINED IN BOUNDARY LAYER-TARGETED EMULSIONS

The United States of Amer...

1. A lubricating fluid, comprising:
a) a hydrophobic oil;
b) one or more single-phase compounds wherein said single-phase compound comprises one or more imidazolium-based ionic liquids;
and

c) an anti-wear and/or anti-friction aqueous salt solution, wherein said salts in said aqueous salt solution are inorganic
salts, and wherein the combination of said one or more single-phase compounds and said aqueous salt solution form an emulsion
in said hydrophobic oil.

US Pat. No. 9,194,449

SUSPENSION DEVICE FOR USE WITH LOW TEMPERATURE REFRIGERATOR

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A suspension device for use with a refrigerator, comprising:
a ring-shaped support base;
at least three tension assemblies, each comprising pulleys and tensioning elements;
further comprising a band of material that is entrained about the pulleys and held in a taut state by the tensioning elements;
wherein each tension assembly is urged by its tensioning element in a generally radially outward direction with respect to
the support base.

US Pat. No. 9,169,545

MECHANICAL COMPONENTS FROM HIGHLY RECOVERABLE, LOW APPARENT MODULUS MATERIALS

The United States of Amer...

1. A material for use as a component, comprising:
a nickel-rich intermetallic material having highly elastic behavior devoid of irrecoverable strains, that when stressed, exhibits
recoverable strains of at least 3%; and

wherein said material has a hardness of at least 50 on the Rockwell C scale and is dimensionally stable, devoid of dimensional
and phase instabilities.

US Pat. No. 9,120,220

CONTROL OF A GLOVE-BASED GRASP ASSIST DEVICE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A grasp assist system comprising:
a glove that is wearable on a hand of an operator, including:
a digit, wherein the digit is one of a thumb and a finger;
a force sensor positioned with respect to the glove, wherein the force sensor is configured to measure a grasping force applied
to an object by an operator wearing the glove;

a tendon having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is connected to the digit; and
a sleeve that is wearable on a forearm of the operator and having:
actuator assembly connected to the second end of the tendon; and
a controller including:
a user interface;
a configuration module having a recorded plurality of selectable operating modes, including at least one force-based control
mode and at least one position-based control mode; and

a processor configured to calculate a tensile force for each of the selectable operating modes;
wherein the controller is in communication with the sensor and the actuator assembly, and is configured to receive a selected
one of the selectable operating modes via the user interface and apply the tensile force to the tendon via the actuator assembly
for the selected operating mode.

US Pat. No. 9,123,845

DUST REMOVAL FROM SOLAR CELLS

United States of America ...

1. A dust removal system, comprising:
a dielectric substrate;
a first electrode embedded in the dielectric substrate;
a second electrode offset relative to the first electrode;
an alternating current voltage source electrically connecting the first and second electrodes and energizable to an on position;
means for creating plasma along the top surface of the dielectric substrate when the first and the second electrodes are energized;
and

an air flow induced by the plasma to mechanically propel dust away from an object.

US Pat. No. 9,074,921

CRYOGENIC LIQUID LEVEL SENSOR APPARATUS AND METHOD

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for sensing liquid level in a container partially filled with liquid, comprising:
a protective tubing in a bent shape so that both ends of the tubing extend outside a top of the container and a bent portion
of the tubing is submerged in the liquid;

a single-mode, continuous Bragg grating fiber placed within the protective tubing, having at least one end attached to a fiber
optic interrogating system, and extending at least to a bottom of the bent portion of the tubing;

a heating element placed within the protective tubing capable of heating the continuous Bragg grating fiber;
a heating element controller, attached to the heating element that cycles heat on and off to the heating element; and,
a control and display device to control the heater wire controller and fiber optic interrogation system and display the results
of the liquid level sensing system.

US Pat. No. 9,044,743

CATALYST FOR DECOMPOSITION OF NITROGEN OXIDES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for making a catalyst composition for the decomposition of nitrogen oxides to nitrogen and oxygen comprising:
(a) preparing a catalyst comprising at least one noble metal and at least one metal oxide;
(b) heating said catalyst to a temperature between about 650° C. and 800° C. in the presence of a noble gas,
wherein a concentration of hydroxyl is lowered on a surface of the catalyst without using a reducing gas, and wherein the
noble metal comprises about 50% by weight of the catalyst and the metal oxide comprises tin oxide.

US Pat. No. 9,515,531

BEARINGLESS FLYWHEEL SYSTEMS, WINDING AND CONTROL SCHEMES, AND SENSORLESS CONTROL

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a central rotor configured as a flywheel to store energy, said central rotor extending vertically and rotating about a vertical
axis;

a magnetic bearing located above the central rotor to levitate the rotor along the vertical axis;
a first bearingless motor located above the central rotor; and
a second bearingless motor located below the central rotor; wherein
the first bearingless motor and the second bearingless motor are configured to simultaneously suspend the central rotor in
a radial direction relative to the vertical axis and to rotate the central rotor about the vertical axis;

an active or a passive axial magnetic bearing configured to provide axial control of the central rotor; and
wherein the active or passive magnetic bearing has a magnet bias configured to lift a portion or all of a weight of the central
rotor near a nominal gap without current.

US Pat. No. 9,477,857

SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE TAG-BASED COHERENCE MULTIPLEXING

University of Central Flo...

1. A surface acoustic wave (SAW)-based coherence multiplexing system, comprising:
a plurality of spaced apart SAW tags each comprising:
at least one SAW transducer including an interdigitated thin metal film electrode structure on a piezoelectric crystal substrate;
a first SAW reflector comprising a first thin metal film structure on said piezoelectric crystal substrate positioned a first
minimum distance from said SAW transducer;

and at least a second SAW reflector comprising a second thin metal film structure on said piezoelectric crystal substrate
positioned a second minimum distance not equal to said first minimum distance, and

a transceiver including (i) a wireless transmitter having a signal source providing a source signal and circuitry for transmitting
interrogation pulses including at least a first and a second interrogation pulse different from said first interrogation pulse
toward said plurality of SAW tags, and (ii) a wireless receiver for receiving and processing received signals response signals
from said plurality of SAW tags, said receiver receiving scrambled signals being a convolution of said interrogation pulses
with said response signals from said plurality of SAW tags, and including a computing device which implements an algorithm
that correlates said interrogation pulses or said source signal against said scrambled signals to generate tag responses for
each of said plurality of SAW tags;

wherein said first SAW reflector and said second SAW reflector are both configured to have a different center frequency.

US Pat. No. 9,455,374

INTEGRATED MULTI-COLOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE MADE WITH HYBRID CRYSTAL STRUCTURE

The United States of Amer...

1. A double sided hybrid crystal and III-V/II-VI and III Nitride compound semiconductor device comprising:
a trigonal sapphire layer;
a hexagonal III-Nitride structure grown from a first side of the trigonal sapphire layer, wherein the hexagonal III-Nitride
structure has a bandgap energy equal to that of a blue photon having a wavelength of 400-500 nm: and

a rhombohedral III-V or II-VI structure grown from a second side of the trigonal sapphire layer, wherein the rhombohedral
III-V or II-VI structure has a bandgap energy equal to that of a red photon having a wavelength of 580-700 nm.

US Pat. No. 9,449,818

DOUBLE SIDED SI(GE)/SAPPHIRE/III-NITRIDE HYBRID STRUCTURE

The United States of Amer...

1. A double sided hybrid crystal structure, comprising:
trigonal Sapphire wafer defining a (0001) C-plane and having front and rear sides, the Sapphire wafer being substantially
transparent to light in the visible and infrared spectra and also providing insulation with respect to electromagnetic radio
frequency noise;

a layer of crystalline group IV material comprising one or more of Si, Ge and C and having a cubic diamond structure aligned
with the cubic <111>direction on the (0001) C-plane and strained as rhonmbohedron to thereby enable continuous integration
of a selected Si(Ge)(C) device onto the rear side of the Sapphire wafer;

an integrated crystalline layer on the front side of the. Sapphire wafer, wherein the crystalline layer on the front side
of the sapphire comprises a material, wherein the material comprises a III-Nitride material or a ZrO material that enables
continuous integration of a selected III-Nitride or ZnO device on the front side of the Sapphire wafer.

US Pat. No. 9,450,747

SOFT DECISION ANALYZER AND METHOD

The United States of Amer...

1. A system to analyze a soft decision of a communication system comprising at least one of a data source, a transmitter,
a receiver, and a baseband signal processor, comprising:
a scaling module built into programmable hardware operable for receiving a reference data stream from said data source and
a test data stream from said receiver, whereby said test data stream and said reference data stream each is assigned a numerical
value based on a polarity and each bit of said test data stream is assigned a value indicative of the level of confidence
in the soft decision; and

a correlator bank built into said programmable hardware operable to analyze symbol wise alignment of said reference data stream
against said test data stream, said correlator bank being configured to produce a correlator signal dependent on said symbol
wise alignment.

US Pat. No. 9,446,953

FABRICATION OF METALLIC HOLLOW NANOPARTICLES

The United States of Amer...

1. A process for the fabrication of hollow metallic nanoshells, which process comprises:
(a) providing at least one amine terminal dendrimer molecule;
(b) promoting growth of the at least one amine terminal dendrimer molecule to form a dendrimer structure, having at least
one surface amine group, for use as a template for the hollow metallic nanoshells;

(c) attaching at least one metallic ion to the at least one surface amine group;
(d) further attaching at least one metallic ion to the at least one surface amine group by adding additional metallic ions,
boric acid, and a reducing agent, such that a wall forming at least one hollow metallic nanoshell is formed; and

(e) removing the dendrimer structure from the hollow metallic nanoshells.

US Pat. No. 9,444,548

WAVELET-BASED PROCESSING FOR FIBER OPTIC SENSING SYSTEMS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for obtaining physical properties from a system, having sensors deployed thereon, using a plurality of sensor
readings and demultiplexing raw, multiplexed time versus frequency data, comprising the steps of:
reading the sensors to obtain a first set of raw, multiplexed time versus frequency data;
demultiplexing the first set of raw, multiplexed time versus frequency data by running the first set of raw, multiplexed time
versus frequency data through a lowpass wavelet filter, a midband wavelet filter, and a highpass wavelet filter to obtain
demultiplexed lowpass results, midband results, and highpass results, wherein the midband filter comprises a frequency range
having a center of about 0.250 fs;

decimating the lowpass and highpass results by 2 and the midband results by 3; and,
continually demultiplexing and decimating the demultiplexed lowpass, midband, and highpass results a number of times determined
by a user selected resolution range so that the final demultiplexed results may be used to obtain physical properties associated
with the system from which the raw, multiplexed time versus frequency data is obtained.

US Pat. No. 9,440,752

MODIFICATION OF SURFACE DENSITY OF A POROUS MEDIUM

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for modifying density of a surface region of a porous, open cell, phenolic bonded (“PPB”) body to form a surface-densified
PPB body, the method comprising:
(1) providing a substrate, having first and second surfaces that are spaced apart by more than 20 mm, where the substrate
is a PPB body having a selected temperature T1=20-80° C.;

(2) depositing, on the first surface of the substrate, a selected deposited substance comprising a selected phenolic and a
selected solvent and a selected resin-to-volume ratio Vr/s, at a deposit temperature T2?20-80° C., and allowing the deposited substance to diffuse into the PPB body a distance no more than about 20 mm from the
first surface;

(3) allowing the PPB body to dry for a drying time interval of length ?t3?6-48 hours at a drying temperature T3?20-90° C., to allow at least a portion of the solvent to volatilize;

(4) allowing the PPB body to set at a curing temperature T4?60-90° C. for a curing time interval of length ?t4?6-24 hours;

(5) allowing the PPB body to set at a supplemental curing temperature T5?100-150° C. for a supplemental curing time interval of length ?t5?3-12 hours, after completion of the curing time interval, to form a surface-densified PPB body, having an undensified-densified
interface UDI within the PPB body that is spaced apart from the first surface and spaced apart from the second surface, where
a first region of the PPB body, lying on a first side of the UDI and including the first surface, has a majority of the deposited
substance, and a second region of the PPB body, lying on a second side of the UDI and including the second surface, has approximately
none of the deposited substance;

(6) whereby, when the surface-densified PPB body is bonded to a stress isolation pad (SIP) at an interface with the first
surface, to form a composite body, one or more of the quantities, T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, ?t3, ?t4, ?t5, the phenolic, the solvent and the ratio Vr/s, can be chosen so that, when a tensile failure test is performed on the composite body using the SIP, failure of the composite
body occurs, if at all, at a location within the second region and spaced apart from the UDI.

US Pat. No. 9,423,799

OPTIMUM STRATEGIES FOR SELECTING DESCENT FLIGHT-PATH ANGLES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method, with a processor of an information processing system, for adaptively selecting an aircraft descent flight path
for a particular aircraft that executes descents based on a kinematic-defined descent altitude profile including a descent
fixed-flight-path angle, such particular aircraft being unequipped with a performance-based flight management system that
calculates and constructs a descent profile that guides a pilot of such particular aircraft through near-idle descents, the
method comprising:
receiving user input comprising a set of flight adaptation parameters for the particular aircraft, the set of flight adaptation
parameters comprising:

aircraft flight descent time period;
aircraft flight descent airspace region; and
aircraft flight descent flyability constraints;
querying a plurality of flight data sources, based at least on the received set of flight adaptation parameters, and retrieving
flight information therefrom including the following:

winds and temperatures aloft data for the aircraft flight descent time period and the aircraft flight descent airspace region;
airspace/navigation constraints for the aircraft flight descent time period and the aircraft flight descent airspace region;
aircraft performance model for the particular aircraft, including the rate of fuel consumption as a function of aircraft flight
velocity and acceleration; and

airspace traffic demand corresponding to the aircraft flight descent time period and the aircraft flight descent airspace
region; and

calculating and constructing a set of candidate descent profiles, based on the retrieved flight information and the set of
flight adaptation parameters, the calculating and constructing performed at a location physically separate from the particular
aircraft, where for each candidate in the set of candidate descent profiles constructing a four dimensional trajectory defined
by position, altitude, and time, for the particular aircraft descent flight path, the aircraft flight descent time period,
and the aircraft flight descent airspace region, each candidate descent profile comprising:

a descent profile value defined by at least one of a flight path angle and a descent rate for the particular aircraft, the
descent profile value being within a range of values from a minimum descent profile value to a maximum descent profile value,
in defined descent profile value increments;

an aggregated total fuel consumption value for the particular aircraft following the calculated trajectory for the candidate
descent profile, based on the aircraft performance model for the particular aircraft and the descent profile value for the
candidate descent profile; and

a flyability constraints metric for the calculated trajectory for the candidate descent profile; and
selecting a best candidate descent profile from the set of candidate descent profiles, the best candidate descent profile
having the least fuel consumption value while the flyability constraints metric for the descent profile remains within the
aircraft flight descent flyability constraints.

US Pat. No. 9,365,302

MULTI-DIMENSIONAL DAMAGE DETECTION

The United States of Amer...

1. A system comprising:
a platform structure including a plurality of interconnected panels, wherein each panel has a plurality of detection layers
separated from one another by one or more non-detection layers, and wherein the plurality of detection layers form a grid
of conductive traces and wherein each detection layer includes one or more known defect traces, and wherein the panel has
a trace continuity signature that is defined by the known defect traces of the detection layers in the panel; and

a monitor coupled to each grid of conductive traces, wherein the monitor is configured to detect damage to the plurality of
interconnected panels in response to an electrical property change with respect to one or more of the conductive traces.

US Pat. No. 9,193,830

LOW-MELT POLY(AMIC ACIDS) AND POLYIMIDES AND THEIR USES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of forming a polyimide comprising:
reacting a dianhydride and a diamine with an olefinic cross-linker in a polymerization reaction mixture to form a poly(amic
acid) (PAA); and

heating the PAA to form a polyimide;
wherein (a) the dianhydride is a dianhydride of formula 1,
wherein each R1 is independently H or (C1-C4)alkyl, and each R2 is independently H or (C1-C4)alkyl or CF3;
or (b) the diamine is a diamine of formula 2 or 3
H2N—(C2-C6)alkyl-[O—(C2-C6)alkyl-]nO—(C2-C6)alkyl-NH2  (2)

H2N—(C2-C6)alkyl-O—Si(CH3)2—[O—Si(CH3)2—]O—Si(CH3)2—O—(C2-C6)alkyl-NH2;  (3)

wherein at least 50% by weight of reactants in the polymerization reaction mixture are a compound of formula 1, 2, or 3 or
a combination thereof;

wherein the method comprises reacting the diamine and dianhydride in the reaction mixture at less than 100° C. to form a PAA
in solution, casting the PAA solution into a film on a substrate, and then heating the film to imidize the PAA to a polyimide.

US Pat. No. 9,067,794

HIGHLY THERMAL CONDUCTIVE NANOCOMPOSITES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for forming a carbon nanosheet comprising:
combining an expanded graphite with a mixture comprising water and an alcohol to form a graphite mixture;
sonicating the graphite mixture;
combining the graphite mixture with an intercalant subsequent to the sonication step to form a final intercalated graphite;
and

exfoliating the final intercalated graphite to form a final exfoliated graphite, the final exfoliated graphite comprising
a carbon nanosheet having a thickness of between about 2 nanometers and about 10 nanometers.

US Pat. No. 9,051,063

SPACE VEHICLE HEAT SHIELD HAVING EDGEWISE STRIPS OF ABLATIVE MATERIAL

The United States of Amer...

1. A space vehicle heat shield comprising:
a plurality of phenolic impregnated carbon ablator (PICA) blocks secured to a surface of a space vehicle and arranged in a
pattern with gaps therebetween, the PICA blocks having a structural orientation and being arranged such that the structural
orientation of the PICA blocks is substantially parallel to the surface of the space vehicle; and

a plurality of PICA strips disposed in the gaps, the PICA strips having a structural orientation and being arranged such that
the structural orientation of the PICA strips is substantially perpendicular to the structural orientation of the PICA blocks.

US Pat. No. 9,802,149

SORBENT-BASED ATMOSPHERE REVITALIZATION SYSTEM

The United States of Amer...

1. A sorbent-based atmosphere revitalization (SBAR) system, comprising:
a plurality of treatment beds, wherein each of said plurality of treatment beds comprises:
a bed housing containing a primary moisture adsorbent layer, a secondary moisture adsorbent layer and a primary carbon dioxide
adsorbent layer,

a redirecting plenum between said primary moisture adsorbent layer and said secondary moisture adsorbent layer,
an inlet port connected to an inlet valve,
an outlet port connected to an outlet valve,
a bypass port connected to said redirecting plenum;
at least one bypass valve connected to said bypass ports;
an inlet channel connecting said inlet valves to an atmosphere source;
an outlet channel connecting said at least one bypass valve and said outlet valves to said atmosphere source;
a vacuum channel connecting said inlet valves, said at least one bypass valve and said outlet valves to a vacuum source;
at least one controller connected to said inlet valve, said outlet valve and said at least one bypass valve, wherein said
controller is configured to sequentially open said inlet valve, said at least one bypass valve and said outlet valve from
a single treatment bed of said plurality of treatment beds to said vacuum source;

at least one sensor capable of detecting at least one of carbon dioxide percentage and water vapor percentage in said atmosphere
source; and

wherein said at least one controller is configured to open said at least one bypass valve to said atmosphere source based
on a proportional-integral-derivative algorithm, wherein said at least one bypass valve is opened when said carbon dioxide
percentage is below a target value and closed when said carbon dioxide percentage is above a target value.

US Pat. No. 9,730,582

COMPREHENSIVE OCULOMOTOR BEHAVIORAL RESPONSE ASSESSMENT (COBRA)

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:
displaying a tracking target, by a computing system, at an initial location on a display for a randomized delay interval;
after the randomized delay interval has elapsed,
moving the tracking target in a step, by the computing system, to a random location on the display,
moving the tracking target on the display, by the computing system, from the random location on the display towards the initial
location at least until the tracking target crosses the initial location,

periodically measuring, by the computing system, user eye position while the user is following the tracking target, and
repeating the moving of the tracking target and eye position measurement, by the computing system, a plurality of times;
analyzing the user eye response measurements, by the computing system, to determine a plurality of quantitative performance
measures; and

outputting, by the computing system, results of the analysis,
wherein the plurality of quantitative performance measurements comprise a cloverleaf as a measure of the user's own idiosyncratic
oblique effect that provides a pattern uniquely identifying the user.

US Pat. No. 9,650,127

STRETCHABLE MESH FOR CAVITY NOISE REDUCTION

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A landing gear structure for aircraft, comprising:
an aircraft structure forming a cavity, the aircraft structure having an edge defining an opening to the cavity;
a retractable landing gear assembly that moves from a stowed configuration substantially within the cavity to a deployed configuration
wherein at least a portion of the landing gear assembly extends out of the cavity; and

an elastic membrane secured to the aircraft structure along at least a portion of the edge, wherein the elastic membrane is
configured to extend over at least a substantial portion of the opening when the landing gear assembly is in the deployed
configuration and alters air flow across the opening to reduce noise from the opening while the landing gear is in the deployed
configuration.

US Pat. No. 9,550,873

DOPED CHIRAL POLYMER METAMATERIALS

The United States of Amer...

1. A composite material comprising:
a first material comprising a chiral polymer; and
a second material within the chiral polymer, wherein the first material and the second material are configured to provide
an effective index of refraction value for the composite material of 1 or less;

wherein the composite material has zero or greater permittivity value.

US Pat. No. 9,541,432

FLOW IMAGING AND MONITORING FOR SYNCHRONIZED MANAGEMENT OF WIDE AREA DRAINAGE

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A flow imaging and monitoring system for synchronized management of wide area drainage comprising:
an interposer supporting monitoring and management equipment in a manhole;
one or more modules illuminating water flowing in pipes at the base of the manhole;
one or more modules monitoring response to reflected or transmitted light;
one or more modules generating or monitoring sound in the manhole;
a sealed and rechargeable battery pack;
a data capture, processing, and communication system; and
a data analysis and management system to interpret data streams from the plurality of one or more modules in real time, wherein:
the interposer is able to be adjusted to fit the diameter of the manhole and adjusted to be placed at the manhole rim,
the modules for illuminating the flowing water can be adjusted to generate various frequencies and wavelengths,
the modules for monitoring sound monitor reflected sound, transmitted sound, or sound generated by the movement of fluid flow
in the manhole, and

support structures for the modules are adjustable to vary pitch, roll and yaw with respect to the manhole,
the data capture, processing, and communication system bi-directionally communicates with the data analysis and management
system,

the data analysis and management system manages the data capture, processing, and communication system, and
the data analysis and management system is supported by cloud computing.

US Pat. No. 9,475,973

PREPARATION OF METAL NANOWIRE DECORATED CARBON ALLOTROPES

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of preparing a polymer composite, the method comprising:
providing a plurality of seed templates, each seed template comprising a carbon allotrope containing a plurality of metallic
crystalline seeds;

reacting the plurality of seed templates in a metal salt solution with a polymeric passivating reagent to form a zero valent
metallic nanowire from each crystalline seed;

recovering a plurality of metal nanowire decorated allotropes; and
substantially dispersing the plurality of metal nanowire decorated carbon allotropes in a polymer matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,354,134

IN-SITU LOAD SYSTEM FOR CALIBRATING AND VALIDATING AERODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF SCALED AIRCRAFT IN GROUND-BASED AEROSPACE TESTING APPLICATIONS

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. An on-site method of calibrating a force balance in the presence of a gravitational field defining a gravity vector, the
method comprising:
providing a force balance defining a force balance coordinate system, wherein the force balance is configured to measure applied
roll, pitch, and yaw moments and axial, side, and normal forces;

connecting the force balance to a movable support that is capable of rotating the force balance in at least pitch and roll;
utilizing an angle measurement system to measure an angular orientation of the force balance relative to the gravity vector;
providing a pivotable connecting assembly having an upper mounting structure that is operably connected to the force balance
such that forces applied to the upper mounting structure are transmitted to the force balance wherein the upper mounting structure
is pivotably connected to a lower mounting structure by bearings that permit rotation of the lower mounting structure relative
to the upper mounting structure in at least pitch and roll;

wherein:
the upper mounting structure includes a base portion and a pair of spaced apart support structures extending from the base
portion;

the lower mounting structure includes a base portion and a pair of spaced apart support structures extending from the base
portion; and

the pivotable connecting structure further including a bearing cross that is rotatably connected to the support structures
of the upper mounting structure by first and second ball bearings, and wherein the bearing cross is rotatably connected to
the support structures of the lower mounting structure by third and fourth ball bearings;

operably connecting a test weight to the lower mounting structure to thereby apply a known test force to the force balance;
comparing force measurements of the force balance to a test force applied to the force balance at a first angular orientation
of the force balance relative to the gravity vector;

rotating the force balance to a second angular orientation relative to the gravity vector;
comparing force measurements of the force balance to a test force applied to the force balance at the second angular position
relative to the gravity vector

generating calibration factors by comparing the first and second force measurements to the known test force to determine differences
between the first and second force measurements and the known test force whereby the calibration factors can be utilized to
measure applied loads during aerodynamic testing in a wind tunnel.

US Pat. No. 9,297,907

REAL TIME RADIATION MONITORING USING NANOTECHNOLOGY

1. A method for real time monitoring of radiation received, the method comprising:
providing an array of at least two spaced apart nanostructures (NSs) that each extend between and electrically connect first
and second terminals of an electrical property change value sensing mechanism, to form a closed electrical path, where the
sensing mechanism senses a change value ?EPV in a selected electrical property value EPV associated with the at least two
nanostructures;

providing the at least two NSs with a selected coating or dopant to functionalize the at least two NSs to respond to exposure
to incident radiation by a change value ?EPV in the electrical property value;

providing or measuring at least one initial electrical parameter value EPV0 for the closed electrical path before exposure
of the at least two NSs to incident radiation;

exposing the at least two NSs to the incident radiation from a source of incident radiation particles having a representative
particle flux ? and a representative particle energy E;

measuring change values, ?EPV(t0;t1) and ?EPV(t0;t2), in the electrical property value EPV for measurement time intervals,
t0?t?t1 and t0?t?t2, within a selected time interval t0?t?t3 with t0?t1 of exposure of the at least two NSs to the incident radiation;

estimating a change value difference value ?EPV(t1;t2)=?EPV(t0;t2)??EPV(t0;t1);
providing a first correspondence or mapping that relates at least one of a dose ?(t1;t2;cum) and the particle flux ? to a
time rate of change df/dt in a first fractional value f(t;unaf) (0 and reacted to receipt of the incident radiation in the measurement time interval, t1?t?t2, in a pre-heal time interval, where
healing of the NS array has not yet begun, where t0 is an initial time and f0=f(t=t0;unaf);

providing a second correspondence or mapping that relates the at least one EPV change value ?EPV(t1;t2) to a first fractional
change value, ?f(t1,t2;unaf)=f(t2;unaf)?f(t1;unaf); and

combining the first and second correspondences to relate dose or cumulative radiation received ?(t1;t2;cum) by the at least
two NS s in the time interval t1?t?t2, where healing has not yet begun, to the at least one change value ?EPV(t1;t2),

whereby, when healing has not yet begun, an estimate of cumulative radiation dose received is provided at a time no more than
about 10-30 seconds after the change values, ?EPV(t0;t1) and ?EPV(t0;t2) are completed.

US Pat. No. 9,227,221

HYDROPHILIC-CORE MICROCAPSULES AND THEIR FORMATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of forming hydrophilic-core microcapsules comprising:
forming a single hydrophilic phase including at least one pre-polymer or monomer, a cross-linking agent, at least one active
substance, an optional co-solvent, and water;

forming a single hydrophobic phase including a hydrophobic substance and optionally at least one surfactant in the absence
of any pre-polymer or monomer and in the absence of any cross-linking agent;

mixing the hydrophobic phase with the hydrophilic phase to create and disperse droplets of the hydrophilic phase within the
hydrophobic phase to form an emulsion; and

initiating a reaction at an interface of the hydrophilic phase and the hydrophobic phase to form a solid shell encapsulating
the hydrophilic phase forming hydrophilic-core microcapsules, wherein said solid shell includes a shell wall comprising a
compound having one or more chemical bonds that are broken down when contacted with an alkali produced during a corrosion
reaction causing the release of the hydrophilic phase, wherein said alkali has a pH above about 8.

US Pat. No. 9,207,145

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NULL-LENS WAVEFRONT SENSING

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of measuring aberrations in an aspheric optic with a null-lens, said null-lens having aberrations including assembly
and alignment aberrations, said method comprising:
measuring null-lens aberrations in alignment with an aspheric optic, comprising:
propagating light from said aspheric optic through a null-lens,
sweeping a detector through the focal plane of said null-lens, image data being recorded at one or more locations about said
focal plane,

recording one or more images as one or more recorded images from light propagating through said null-lens;
calculating a simulated image through said null-lens for each recorded image and storing as a simulated image for comparison,
and

extracting null-lens aberrations from said recorded said one or more images responsive to simulation results; and
measuring aspheric optic aberrations by comparing a simulated image to one or more recorded image.

US Pat. No. 9,208,362

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUSES FOR RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION

United States of America ...

1. A radio frequency identification (RFID) system, comprising:
an enclosure comprising an at least partly closed structure defining a boundary between an interior region, interior to the
structure, and an exterior of the structure, the structure having an inner surface facing the interior region and an outer
surface facing the exterior; and

at least one feed configured for (1) generating an electromagnetic field in the interior region in response to a first signal
received from an RFID reader via at least one radio frequency (RF) transmission line, and (2) receiving, from at least one
RFID sensor located in the interior region, a second signal generated in response to the electromagnetic field,

wherein at least a part of the outer surface is conductive or at least a portion of the inner surface is conductive, and
wherein at least a portion of the structure is formed of an electromagnetically absorbing material.

US Pat. No. 9,171,473

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DYNAMIC AUTOMATED CORRECTIONS TO WEATHER AVOIDANCE ROUTES FOR AIRCRAFT IN EN ROUTE AIRSPACE

1. A computer-implemented method for a continuous and automatic real-time search that identifies and proposes corrections
to original weather avoidance routes for a plurality of in-flight en route aircraft that could save flying time while avoiding
convective weather, the method comprising:
receiving real-time updates of aircraft state data and atmospheric data relevant to the plurality of in-flight en route aircraft;
the updates of aircraft state data including original weather avoidance routes, and surveillance tracking data; the updates
of atmospheric data including wind data, real-time convective weather data, and convective weather forecast data; the real-time
convective weather data originating from NexRad radars;

computing 4-dimensional (4D) trajectory predictions for the plurality of in-flight en route aircraft based on the real-time
updates of aircraft state data and atmospheric data;

processing the aircraft state data, the atmospheric data, and associated trajectory predictions to define reference routes
for the plurality of in-flight en route aircraft; each of the reference routes having a starting point at or near the in-flight
en route aircraft's current position and an ending point at or near a downstream return capture waypoint on the associated
original weather avoidance route, each of the reference routes eliminating one or more waypoints on the associated original
weather avoidance route;

testing the reference routes to identify preferred reference routes that produce a minimum flying time savings relative to
the associated original weather avoidance routes;

processing the preferred reference routes to search for convective weather conflicts along the preferred reference routes;
defining route corrections to the associated original weather avoidance routes for the plurality of in-flight en route aircraft
by either:

(i) selecting the preferred reference routes as the route corrections to the associated original weather avoidance routes
when the preferred reference routes are free of weather conflicts; or

(ii) (a) automatically resolving weather conflicts in en route airspace along the preferred reference routes when the preferred
reference routes are not free of weather conflicts to thereby create current weather-corrected routes, the weather conflicts
being automatically resolved on a computer processor;

(b) testing, with the processor, the current weather-corrected routes to identify preferred weather-corrected routes that
produce a minimum flying time savings relative to the associated preferred reference routes; and

(c) selecting, with the processor, the preferred weather-corrected routes that have the greatest flying time savings relative
to the associated original weather avoidance routes, the selected preferred weather-corrected routes becoming the route corrections
to the associated original weather avoidance routes;

proposing the route corrections to the associated original weather avoidance routes on a computer display; and
repeating the above, continuously and automatically, for the plurality of in-flight en route aircraft as real-time updates
of aircraft state data and atmospheric data relevant to the plurality of in-flight en route aircraft are received.

US Pat. No. 9,163,581

ALPHA-STREAM CONVERTOR

The United States of Amer...

1. A thermo-acoustic device comprising:
an elongated tubular body;
a plurality of regenerators disposed within the body;
a plurality of heat exchangers disposed within the body, at least one of the plurality of heat exchangers disposed adjacent
to each of the plurality of regenerators;

a plurality of transducers, including a plurality of signal transducers, axially disposed at each end of the body;
a plurality of power transducers disposed in an axial portion of the body;
an acoustic wave source generating a plurality of acoustic waves,
wherein at least one of the plurality of acoustic waves is amplified by at least one of the plurality of regenerators, and
wherein at least a second one of the plurality of acoustic waves is amplified by at least a second one of the plurality of
regenerators.

US Pat. No. 9,149,933

GRASP ASSIST DEVICE WITH SHARED TENDON ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A grasp assist device comprising:
a glove having a first tendon-driven finger and a second tendon-driven finger;
a flexible tendon having a looped first end and a looped second end connected to the first tendon-driven finger and the second
tendon-driven finger, respectively; and

a sleeve having a tendon actuator assembly, including:
a drive assembly having a drive axis; and
a tendon hook defining an arcuate surface slot, wherein the tendon hook is connected to the drive assembly and is linearly
translatable along the drive axis via the drive assembly to apply tension to the flexible tendon;

wherein the flexible tendon is folded upon itself and routed through the arcuate surface slot, such that the arcuate surface
slot divides the flexible tendon into two portions at a midpoint of the flexible tendon and acts as a sliding interface at
the midpoint, with each of the two portions terminating in a respective one of the first and second looped ends, and wherein
the actuator assembly tensions the two portions in a balanced manner.

US Pat. No. 9,067,319

FAST GRASP CONTACT COMPUTATION FOR A SERIAL ROBOT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system comprising:
a serial robot having a pair of links that are interconnected by a joint, wherein the serial robot is configured to grasp
a three-dimensional (3D) object in response to a commanded grasp pose; and

a controller in electrical communication with the serial robot, wherein the controller is configured to:
receive a set of input information, including the commanded grasp pose, a first set of information describing the kinematics
of the serial robot, and a second set of information describing the position in 3D space of the object to be grasped by the
serial robot;

calculate, in a plurality of parallel two-dimensional (2D) curl planes of the links of the serial robot using the received
set of input information, a set of contact points of the serial robot with a surface of the 3D object needed for the serial
robot to achieve the commanded grasp pose;

calculate a required joint angle, in each of the parallel 2D curl planes between the pair of links using the set of contact
points; and

execute a control action with respect to the motion of the serial robot using the required joint angle to thereby establish
the commanded grasp pose, including selecting and commanding an optimal set of the joint angles using a calibrated criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,046,115

EDDY CURRENT MINIMIZING FLOW PLUG FOR USE IN FLOW CONDITIONING AND FLOW METERING

The United States of Amer...

1. A flow plug for minimizing eddy currents, comprising:
a plug adapted to be fitted in a conduit and supporting a fluid flow therethrough in a given direction, said plug having an
outer radial wall formed with an inner surface wherein a thickness of said outer radial wall is defined, said plug further
having an inlet and an outlet with a plurality of open flow channels being formed between said inlet and said outlet, said
inlet defining a first plane of incidence for the fluid flow entering said plug, said outlet defining a second plane of incidence
for the fluid flow exiting said plug,

said plug further including a central region thereof coupled to said inner surface of said outer radial wall and forming at
least a portion of each of said open flow channels,

each of said open flow channels including (i) a first portion that originates at said inlet and converges to a location within
said plug that is downstream of said inlet wherein convergence of said first portion is contributed to by changes in said
thickness of said outer radial wall and divergence of said central region, and (ii) a second portion that originates within
said plug and diverges to said outlet wherein divergence of said second portion is contributed to by changes in said thickness
of said outer radial wall and convergence of said central region,

said first portion having an axial length L and said second portion having an axial length of approximately 2L, and
said plug being devoid of planar surface regions (i) at each of said inlet and said outlet, and (ii) in any fluid flow plane
thereof that is perpendicular to the given direction of the fluid flow.

US Pat. No. 9,995,674

PHOTOACOUSTIC CHEMICAL DETECTOR

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A laser vibrometer capable of detecting chemical species, comprising:a light source configured to produce beams of monochromatic light including:
an external probe beam, having a wavelength corresponding to an absorption feature of the chemical species to be detected;
a reference beam; and
a sensing beam;
a pressure-sensing diaphragm which when impacted by the pressure waves resulting from the external probe beam interacting with a chemical species that is located away from the sensing beam responsively vibrates;
a photo-electromotive force (photo-EMF) sensor;
wherein the sensing beam is directed against the second side of the pressure sensing diaphragm; and
wherein the sensing beam is directed to the photo-EMF sensor from the pressure-sensing diaphragm which photo-EMF sensor outputs a signal corresponding to the displacement of the diaphragm caused by the incident pressure wave.

US Pat. No. 9,872,293

INTELLIGENT DATA TRANSFER FOR MULTIPLE SENSOR NETWORKS OVER A BROAD TEMPERATURE RANGE

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
at least one sensor configured to generate a frequency carrier; and
at least one node configured to amplitude modulate the frequency carrier, and transmit the amplitude modulated frequency carrier
to a receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,767,224

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DESIGNING AND FABRICATING CONTACT-FREE SUPPORT STRUCTURES FOR OVERHANG GEOMETRIES OF PARTS IN POWDER-BED METAL ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. An article of manufacture comprising:
a primary part comprising at least one substantially horizontal overhang portion, the overhang portion having a lower surface;
and

a secondary part comprising at least one substantially horizontal support portion, the substantially horizontal support portion
having an upper surface,

wherein the lower surface of the primary part and the upper surface of the secondary part are continuously spaced apart from
each other and are fabricated during one process using the same metallic powder, and

wherein the upper surface of the substantially horizontal support portion of the secondary part and the lower surface of the
overhang portion of the primary part define an elongate gap therebetween, and un-melted metallic powder is disposed within
the gap.

US Pat. No. 9,488,312

PULSED PLASMA LUBRICATION DEVICE AND METHOD

The United States of Amer...

1. A lubrication device, for lubricating a surface, comprising:
a solid lubricant disposed between and in contact with a first electrode and a second electrode dimensioned and arranged such
that application of an electric potential between the first electrode and the second electrode sufficient to produce an electric
arc between the first electrode and the second electrode in an ambient atmosphere at an ambient pressure produces a plasma
that vaporizes at least a portion of the solid lubricant to produce a vapor stream comprising solid lubricant, wherein the
vapor stream is directed towards the surface to lubricate the surface.

US Pat. No. 9,475,579

VERTICAL TAKE-OFF AND LANDING VEHICLE WITH INCREASED CRUISE EFFICIENCY

The United States of Amer...

10. A vehicle, comprising:
a wing configured to tilt through a range of motion;
a first series of electric motors coupled to the wing and each configured to drive an associated wing propeller;
a tail configured to tilt through the range of motion;
a second series of electric motors coupled to the tail and each configured to drive an associated tail propeller; and
an electric propulsion system connected to the first series of electric motors and the second series of electric motors,
wherein the first series of electric motors comprises at least three electric motors,
wherein the associated wing propellers of at least two of the electric motors of the first series of electric motors are variable
pitch propellers each located at a wing tip of the wing, and

wherein the associated wing propeller of at least one of the electric motors of the first series of electric motors is a fixed
pitch propeller.

US Pat. No. 9,452,491

FRICTION PULL PLUG AND MATERIAL CONFIGURATION FOR ANTI-CHATTER FRICTION PULL PLUG WELD

The United States of Amer...

1. A friction pull plug and material configuration for an anti-chatter friction pull plug weld, comprising:
a material having a hole therein wherein said hole has a diameter D; and
a friction pull plug including
a shank having a constant diameter D1 wherein D1
a first inverted frustoconical section coupled directly to said shank, said first inverted frustoconical section having a
smallest diameter D2 wherein D2D2 and D3
a second inverted frustoconical section coupled directly to said first inverted frustoconical section, said second frustoconical
section having a smallest diameter D4 wherein D4=D3, said second inverted frustoconical section having a largest diameter D5 wherein D5>D, said second inverted frustoconical section having a longitudinal axis and a first lateral surface wherein a first angle
defined between said longitudinal axis and said first lateral surface is between approximately 7.5° and approximately 22.5°,
and

a third inverted frustoconical section coupled directly to said second inverted frustoconical section, said third inverted
frustoconical section having a smallest diameter D6 wherein D6=D5, said third inverted frustoconical section having a largest diameter D7 wherein D7>D6, said third inverted frustoconical section having a second lateral surface wherein a second angle defined between said longitudinal
axis and said second lateral surface is less than said first angle and is between approximately 5° and approximately 7.5°,

wherein, when said friction pull plug is positioned with said first frustoconical section and a portion of said second frustoconical
section in said hole, said first lateral surface area contacts said material at said hole.

US Pat. No. 9,400,237

OPTICAL METHOD FOR DETECTING DISPLACEMENTS AND STRAINS AT ULTRA-HIGH TEMPERATURES DURING THERMO-MECHANICAL TESTING

The United States of Amer...

1. A method for measuring properties of a specimen, comprising:
applying a first coating of a first material having a first emissivity to a portion of a surface of the specimen;
applying a second coating of a second material having a second emissivity to a portion of the surface of the specimen, wherein
the first emissivity is different from the second emissivity;

radiatively heating the surface of the specimen;
applying mechanical loading to the specimen; and
observing the difference in emissivity patterns between the first and second materials.

US Pat. No. 9,296,474

CONTROL SYSTEMS WITH NORMALIZED AND COVARIANCE ADAPTATION BY OPTIMAL CONTROL MODIFICATION

1. A computer-implemented method for adaptive control of a physicals system, the method comprising:
modeling a physical system using a nonlinear plant as x=Ax+B[u+f(x)], where x(t):?0,?)?Rn is a state vector, u(t): 0,?)?Rp is a control vector, A?Rn×n and B?Rn×p are known such that the pair (A,B) is controllable, and f(x):Rn?Rp is a matched uncertainty;

modeling at least one of an unstructured uncertainty and a structured uncertainty, wherein
the unstructured uncertainty f(x) is modeled as f(x)=?i=1n?*i?i(x)+?(x)=?*T?(x)+?(x), where ?*?Rm×p is an unknown constant ideal weight matrix that represents a parametric uncertainty, ?(x):Rn?Rm is a vector of chosen basis functions that are continuous and differentiable in C1, and

?(x):Rn?Rp is an approximation error which can be made small on a compact domain x(t)?D?Rn by a suitable selection of basis functions, and

the structured uncertainty f(x) is modeled as f(x)=?*T?(x), where ?(x):Rn?Rm is a vector of known basis functions that are continuous and differentiable in C1;

using a feedback controller specified by u=?Kxx+Krr?uad, where r(t):0,?)?Rp?L? is a command vector, Kx?Rp×n is a stable gain matrix such that A?BKx is Horwitz, Kr?Rp×p is a gain matrix for r(t), and uad(t)?Rp is a direct adaptive signal which estimates the parametric uncertainty in the plant such that uad=?T?(x), where ?(t)?Rm×p is an estimate of the parametric uncertainty ?*;

using a reference model specified as xm=Amxm+Bmr, where Am?Rn×n and Bm?Rn×p are given by Am=A?BKx and Bm=BKr;

modeling an estimation error of a parametric uncertainty by ?=???* in a tracking error equation ?=Ame+B[?T?(x)??(x)], where e(t)=xm(t)?x(t) is the tracking error;

estimating a parametric uncertainty by an optimal control modification adaptive law specified by at least one of
?=???(x)[eTP???T(x)?BTPAm?1]B, where ?>0?R is a modification parameter, ?=?T>0?Rm×m is an adaptive gain matrix, and P=PT>0?Rn×n solves PAm+AmTP=?Q, where Q=QT>0?Rn×n is a positive-definite weighting matrix, and

?=???(x)[eTPB+??T(x)?R], where R=RT>0?Rp×p is a positive-definite weighting matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,242,720

AUTONOMOUS SLAT-COVE-FILLER DEVICE FOR REDUCTION OF AEROACOUSTIC NOISE ASSOCIATED WITH AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS

The United States of Amer...

1. A wing structure for aircraft, comprising:
a primary wing structure defining a leading edge, a trailing edge, and upper and lower surfaces extending between the leading
and trailing edges to define a first airfoil element;

a leading-edge slat movably interconnected with the primary wing structure for movement between a retracted position wherein
the leading edge slat is positioned adjacent the leading edge of the primary wing structure to reduce aerodynamic drag, and
a deployed position wherein the leading-edge slat is shifted relative to the retracted position to thereby provide a multi-element
airfoil, and wherein the leading-edge slat includes a leading surface whereby, in use, airflow splits and flows over an upper
surface of the leading-edge slat that extends rearwardly from the leading surface to a trailing edge, and a lower surface
extending rearwardly from the leading surface to a cusp;

a slat cove filler comprising a flexible material connected to the trailing edge and the cusp, wherein the slat cove filler
defines a first shape when the leading edge slat is in its deployed position, and a second shape when the leading edge slat
is in its retracted position, and wherein at least a portion of the slat cove filler comprises a superelastic shape memory
alloy that transforms from an austenitic phase to a martensite phase when the slat cove filler changes from the first shape
to the second shape; and

a torsion spring that rotatably biases the slat cove filler about a hinge and causes the slat cove filler to change from the
second shape to the first shape as the slat moves from its retracted position to its deployed position;

wherein the slat cove filler is connected to the cusp of the slat by the hinge.

US Pat. No. 9,160,896

HIGH SPEED EDGE DETECTION

The United States of Amer...

1. An analog signal detection apparatus, comprising:
a comparator configured to receive an all pass signal and a low pass signal for a pixel intensity in an array of pixels; and
a latch configured to receive a counter signal and a latching signal from the comparator, wherein
the comparator is configured to send the latching signal to the latch when the all pass signal is below the low pass signal
minus an offset, and

the latch is configured to hold a last negative edge location when the latching signal is received from the comparator.

US Pat. No. 10,073,115

SELF DIAGNOSTIC ACCELEROMETER FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAY (SDA FPGA)

The United States of Amer...

1. A system, comprising:an accelerometer attached to a structure;
a field programmable gate array (FPGA) communicably coupled to the accelerometer; and
signal conditioning circuitry operably coupled to the FPGA and the accelerometer, wherein the FPGA is configured to provide a diagnostic signal to the signal conditioning circuitry, wherein:
the signal conditioning circuitry comprises:
a first band pass filter configured to receive, and reduce noise in, the diagnostic signal, and output a filtered diagnostic signal;
a first amplifier configured to receive the filtered diagnostic signal, amplify the filtered diagnostic signal, and output an amplified diagnostic signal to the accelerometer;
a capacitor configured to receive an accelerometer response signal and output a coupled response signal;
a second band pass filter configured to receive, and reduce noise in, the coupled response signal and output a filtered response signal; and
a second amplifier configured to receive the filtered response signal, amplify the filtered response signal, and output a modified accelerometer response signal,
the signal conditioning circuitry is configured to:
provide the diagnostic signal to the accelerometer,
receive the accelerometer response signal responsive to the diagnostic signal from the accelerometer, and
output the modified accelerometer response signal, and the FPGA is configured to:
receive the modified accelerometer response signal from the signal conditioning circuitry,
process the modified accelerometer response signal using one or more cross correlation algorithms stored thereon, and
output an indication of accelerometer health, an attachment condition, or both.

US Pat. No. 10,010,936

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DESIGNING AND FABRICATING SUPPORT STRUCTURES FOR OVERHANG GEOMETRIES OF PARTS IN ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. An article of manufacture comprising:a primary part comprising at least one overhang portion, the overhang portion having a lower surface;
a secondary part comprising a parallel support portion and at least one substantially vertical support portion extending between the parallel support portion and the lower surface of the overhang portion, the parallel support portion lying within a plane that is substantially parallel with the lower surface of the overhang portion,
wherein:
the lower surface of the overhang portion and the secondary part are fabricated during one process using the same metallic powder, and
an upper surface of the parallel support portion of the secondary part and the lower surface of the overhang portion of the primary part define an elongate gap therebetween, and un-melted metallic powder is disposed within the gap, and
the at least one vertical support portion has a first surface area in contact with the lower surface of the overhang portion, and the lower surface of the overhang portion has a second surface area that includes a total surface area of the lower surface, including the first surface area of the at least one vertical support portion, and a ratio of the first surface area to the second surface area is less than or equal to about 0.02.

US Pat. No. 9,846,023

ELECTROMAGNETIC MONITORING AND CONTROL OF A PLURALITY OF NANOSATELLITES

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A method of monitoring and controlling a second nanosatellite relative to a position of a first nanosatellite, the method
comprising:
(i) initializing a time interval;
(ii) for a present time interval, based on at least measured magnetometer data, estimating a distance vector that extends
between a first location associated with a first nanosatellite and a second location associated with a second nanosatellite,
the nanosatellites comprising respective first and second plurality of solenoids;

(iii) estimating force vectors and torque vectors to move at least the second plurality of solenoids relative to the first
nanosatellite;

(iv) for at least the second nanosatellite, estimating magnetic dipole moment vectors associated with both force vectors and
torque vectors;

(v) causing at least the second plurality of solenoids to produce the magnetic dipole moment vectors;
(vi) incrementing the present time interval, and returning to step (ii),
wherein the first plurality of solenoids is arranged in a rectangular geometry.