US Pat. No. 9,386,129

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING WIRELESS LINK EFFICIENCY

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method of wireless link transmission, comprising:
receiving a number of packets for transmission, wherein each of the packets includes an original sequence number and an original
traffic category indicator, and wherein the packets have non-continuous original sequence numbers and different original traffic
category indicators;

aggregating the packets into an aggregate frame;
modifying each of the packets of the aggregate frame to generate a respective modified packet by including a virtual sequence
number and a virtual traffic category indicator in a header of the respective modified packet, and including the original
sequence number and the original traffic category indicator in a payload of the respective modified packet, wherein all the
modified packets in the aggregate frame have the same virtual traffic category indicator and continuous virtual sequence numbers;
and

transmitting the aggregate frame comprising the modified packets to a destination device through a wireless link.

US Pat. No. 9,325,570

NETWORK ROUTING SYSTEM

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A switching system, comprising:
a processor;
memory;
a control-plane operating system; and
a web server in communication with the control-plane operating system;
wherein the web server comprises a communication module that:
sends, to a browser on a client device, a web page that includes a network-statistics user interface, and includes a command
line interface, wherein the command line interface is configured to allow a user to install user-provided software on the
switching system;

sends network statistics to the browser on the client device without being solicited by the browser;
receives configuration commands from the user via the command line interface within the browser; and
configures a network parameter or a security parameter of the switching system according to the configuration commands received
via the command line interface within the browser; and

wherein the communication module implements a protocol that facilitates full-duplex communication channels over a single TCP
connection.

US Pat. No. 9,368,870

METHODS OF OPERATING AN ACCESS POINT USING A PLURALITY OF DIRECTIONAL BEAMS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of operating an access point in a wireless network, wherein the access point is configured to operate a plurality
of directional beams, the method comprising:
transmitting a training packet from the access point and receiving response packets from a plurality of station devices, wherein
the response packet includes an identifier specific to a directional beam transmitting the training packet and a priority
value associated with one or more criteria for directional beam selection;

assigning each of the plurality of station devices one of the directional beams from the plurality of directional beams based
on the received response packets;

allocating upstream timeslots to each of the plurality of station device and allocating general upstream timeslots that are
not associated with a single station device;

receiving data at a first rate at the access device from a station device of the plurality of station devices during an upstream
timeslot allocated to the station device and using the directional beam assigned for the station device;

receiving data at a second data rate at the access device from a station device of the plurality of station devices during
a second upstream timeslot that is a general upstream timeslot;

wherein, for at least some of the plurality of station devices, the first rate has a different modulation scheme than the
second rate.

US Pat. No. 9,191,037

WIRELESS RADIO SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION BY PERSISTENT SPECTRUM ANALYSIS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of controlling reception for a wireless broadband radio by selecting between a plurality of intermediate frequencies
(IFs) to minimize spurious interference at a predetermined frequency, the method comprising:
receiving a radio frequency (RF) signal having a frequency fsg in a first receive path having a mixer for generating an intermediate frequency (IF) signal from the RF signal by mixing the
RF signal with a local oscillation (LO) signal having a local oscillation frequency fLO, wherein the intermediate frequency is initially set to a first intermediate frequency, fIF1;

determining an interference in the RF signal at a first predetermined frequency; and
switching the intermediate frequency to a second intermediate frequency, fIF2, and generating the IF signal from the RF signal at the second intermediate frequency if the interference in the RF signal
at the first predetermined frequency exceeds a threshold level, wherein switching the intermediate frequency to a second intermediate
frequency further comprises receiving the RF signal in a second receive path while switching the IF to FIF2 to prevent an
interruption in data traffic during switching.

US Pat. No. 9,397,820

AGILE DUPLEXING WIRELESS RADIO DEVICES

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

17. A radio device for transmission of wireless signals that continuously monitors a transmitted frequency channel to avoid
interference, the device comprising:
a parabolic transmitting reflector;
a parabolic receiving reflector that is separate from the transmitting reflector;
radio circuitry configured to transmit a radio-frequency signal in a frequency channel from the parabolic transmitting reflector
and to receive a radio-frequency signal from the parabolic receiving reflector, further wherein the radio circuitry comprises
a transmitter and a receiver, wherein the transmitter is coupled to the parabolic transmitting reflector and the receiver
is coupled to the parabolic receiving reflector; and

a detector configured to operate concurrently with transmission by the radio circuitry, the detector coupled to either the
parabolic transmitting reflector or the parabolic receiving reflector, wherein the detector is configured to continuously
monitor the same frequency channel as the radio-frequency signal transmitted by the radio circuitry to detect interference
including a reflection of the transmitted radio-frequency signal and a radar signal,

wherein the device is configured to switch duplexing schemes for the device when the reflection is detected and to switch
the frequency channel that the radio circuitry transmits on when a radar signal is detected,

wherein the detector comprises a correlator configured to correlate a signal received by the detector with the radio-frequency
signal transmitted by the radio circuitry to detect the reflection of the transmitted radio-frequency signal.

US Pat. No. 9,247,512

ADAPTIVE SYNCHRONOUS PROTOCOL FOR MINIMIZING LATENCY IN TDD SYSTEMS

Ubiquiti Networks, San J...

1. A method comprising:
transmitting from a master node to one or more remote nodes, a synchronization signal, said synchronization signal operable
to cause the one or more remote nodes to transmit according to a predetermined timing;

receiving at the master node a response to the synchronization signal, said response providing propagation time information,
and

transmitting, from the master node to the remote nodes, schedule information causing at least one of the remote nodes to transmit
information to the master node while the master node is transmitting on substantially the same channel.

US Pat. No. 9,531,550

WIRELESS GATEWAY ADAPTER FOR A POWER-OVER-ETHERNET PORT

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A Power-over-Ethernet injecting apparatus, comprising:
a power connector for receiving a first electric power signal;
a power-converting circuitry for converting the first electric power signal to a second electric power signal, wherein the
second electric power signal is a direct current (DC) signal;

a first network port that facilitates coupling the apparatus to a local-area network (LAN);
a second network port that facilitates coupling the apparatus to a network device, wherein the second network port comprises
a set of power pins for providing the second electric power signal and a separate set of data pins for providing access to
the LAN of the first network port; and

an external-reset circuitry, wherein the external-reset circuitry is activated, the external-reset circuitry is configured
to generate a reset-control signal and transmit the reset-control signal to the network device, wherein the reset-control
signal is in form of a DC-voltage bias applied on a data pin separate from the set of power pins of the second network port.

US Pat. No. 9,373,885

RADIO SYSTEM FOR HIGH-SPEED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A radio and antenna device for providing wireless broadband access, the device comprising:
a housing comprising a rear region having an integrated bracket mount, wherein the bracket mount comprises a ball socket;
wherein the housing encloses an array antenna having:
a ground plate in a first plane,
a plurality of antenna radiating elements above the first plane wherein each antenna radiating element has a radiating surface
extending in a plane above the first plane, wherein the antenna radiating elements may extend in the same plane or in different
planes,

an antenna feed in a third plane between the first plane and the radiating surfaces, and
a plurality of feed lines extending from the third plane, wherein each feed line connects an antenna radiating element to
the antenna feed, wherein the plurality of antenna feed lines comprises a vertical polarization feed connected to a first
radio connection point, and a horizontal polarization feed connected to a second radio connection point;

further wherein the plurality of antenna radiating elements, antenna feed, and plurality of feed lines are all formed of a
stamped single sheet of metal having a continuous top surface; and

a bracket comprising a ball joint, the bracket configured support the housing, wherein the bracket and bracket mount cooperate
to provide a plurality of selectable tilt positions of the housing relative to the bracket.

US Pat. No. 9,172,605

CLOUD DEVICE IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of automatic and hands-free provisioning a network device to communicate with a network, the method comprising:
attaching a bridging device to the network device;
wirelessly transmitting information about the network device from the bridging device to the handheld computing device;
transmitting an identifier of a second network and the information about the network device from the handheld computing device
to a cloud computing environment;

transmitting provisioning information from the handheld computing device to the network device;
provisioning the network device with the provisioning information; and
removing the bridging device from the network device, wherein the network device is configured to communicate with the cloud
computing environment through the selected second network directly.

US Pat. No. 9,325,516

POWER RECEPTACLE WIRELESS ACCESS POINT DEVICES FOR NETWORKED LIVING AND WORK SPACES

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A power receptacle wireless access point (AP) device, the device comprising:
a wall power input configured to connect to a power line in a wall of a room: a power line communication (PLC) circuit, the
PLC circuit configured to receive data from and transmit data on a power line connected to the wall power input; at least
one antenna comprising a microstrip antenna having a bent emitter surface arranged along a lateral side of a faceplate adjacent
to at least one plug receptacle, wherein the bent emitter surface comprises a front surface facing a frontal surface plane
in which the at least one plug receptacle is placed and a side surface comprising a plurality of plates shaped for defining
a beamforming range, the front and the side surface forming a curvature resulting in a beamforming pattern that excludes directions
of lateral sides of the frontal surface plane and the directions towards the back of the wall;

a wireless AP circuit connected to the PLC circuit, the wireless AP configured to receive data from the PLC circuit and to
wirelessly transmit the data using the at least one antenna, and further configured to receive wireless data on the at least
one antenna and to transmit the received data to the PLC circuit; and a mount configured to mount the device in or over an
electrical box.

US Pat. No. 9,293,817

STACKED ARRAY ANTENNAS FOR HIGH-SPEED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. An array antenna comprising:
a ground plate in a first plane;
a plurality of antenna radiating elements above the first plane wherein each antenna radiating element has a radiating surface
extending in a plane above the first plane, wherein the antenna radiating elements may extend in the same plane or in different
planes;

a third plane between the first plane and the radiating surfaces; and
a plurality of feed lines, wherein each feed line extends in the third plane between two or more of the antenna radiating
elements to connect the two or more antenna radiating elements to each other, so that the plurality of radiating elements
form a network that is fed by a common connection point;

wherein the plurality of antenna radiating elements and the plurality of feed lines are part of a single continuous sheet
of metal in which two or more edges of each antenna radiating element are connected through two or more slant feed lines to
the plurality of feed lines in the third plane, further wherein the width of the slant feed lines narrows from the antenna
radiating element to the plurality of feed lines.

US Pat. No. 9,241,345

WIRELESS NETWORK COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ubiquiti Networks, San J...

1. A system comprising:
a network controller, said controller operable to:
communicate with one or more wireless stations, said stations operative to await for an authorizing signal to initiate wireless
communications;

maintain a first queue, said first queue including stations with a likelihood of traffic;
maintain a second queue, said second queue including stations having a low likelihood of traffic;
determine a likelihood that a wireless station will have traffic to transmit;
assign a wireless station to either the first queue or the second queue in response to said determination;
transmit a single authorization signal to at least one station in the first queue and one station in the second queue by encoding
the authorization signal to address both a station in the first queue and a station in the second queue, and

wait a predetermined time for a response to the authorization signal.

US Pat. No. 9,183,163

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISTRIBUTED CONTROL OF AN INTERFACING-DEVICE NETWORK

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method, comprising:
maintaining, by a first network controller, a first database which stores information associated with a first set of interfacing
devices of a local-area network, wherein the first database includes a database mirror for a subset of a second database of
a second network controller which has primary control of a second set of provisioned interfacing devices of a wide-area network,
wherein a respective interfacing device obtains sensor data from one or more attached physical devices, and wherein a respective
physical device includes a sensor for measuring one or more physical attributes; and

responsive to determining that the second network controller that hosts the second database for the provisioned interfacing
devices of the wide-area network has gone offline, configuring the first network controller to obtain primary control of the
first set of interfacing devices of the local-area network.

US Pat. No. 9,490,533

DUAL RECEIVER/TRANSMITTER RADIO DEVICES WITH CHOKE

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A radio device for transmission of wireless signals, the device comprising:
a reflector;
an antenna feed within the reflector;
radio circuitry configured for processing radio-frequency signals coupled to the antenna feed; and
an isolation choke boundary coupled to an outer edge of the reflector, wherein the isolation choke boundary comprises at least
10 ridges that each extend perpendicular to a plane of an opening of the reflector,

wherein the isolation choke boundary provides greater than 10 dB isolation from a second radio device having a second reflector
when an outer edge of the second reflector is positioned adjacent to and in the plane of the reflector,

further wherein the isolation choke boundary overhangs an outer edge of the reflector.

US Pat. No. 9,425,978

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONFIGURING AND CONTROLLING INTERFACING DEVICES

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method, comprising:
establishing, by a device-controlling computer, a communication session with a target sensor-interfacing device, wherein the
target sensor-interfacing device obtains sensor data from one or more attached physical devices that each includes a sensor
for measuring one or more physical attributes;

selecting, from a plurality of rules to be processed by a set of sensor-interfacing devices of a computer network, a rule
which is to be processed by the target sensor-interfacing device, wherein a respective rule includes an action description
that indicates instructions for performing an action, and the respective rule also includes a rule-triggering condition that
indicates criteria for processing the respective rule's action description;

sending, by the device-controlling computer to the target sensor-interfacing device, the rule selected for the target sensor-interfacing
device to configure the target sensor-interfacing device to process the selected rule's action description in response to
the selected rule's rule-triggering condition being satisfied by sensor measurement data from the target sensor-interfacing
device or another sensor-interfacing device of the computer network;

obtaining, from the target-interfacing device over the computer network, data that includes at least a sensor measurement
and a geographic location; and

in response to receiving a request, from a client device, to obtain a device-monitoring user interface (UI):
obtaining a map that covers a geographic area associated with at least the target sensor-interfacing device; and
generating and presenting the device-monitoring UI that displays the obtained map, and displays the target sensor-interfacing
device and corresponding sensor measurement data over the map.

US Pat. No. 9,258,753

DISTRIBUTED SEAMLESS ROAMING IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method for handing over a user station to a remote access point in a wireless network, comprising:
determining, by a local access point of the wireless network, a signal strength for a user station associated with the local
access point;

receiving signal strength values associated with the user station from one or more other access points of the wireless network,
wherein receiving the signal strength values involves multicasting a station query message to the one or more other access
points, and wherein the station query message includes at least a media access control (MAC) address for the user station;

in response to determining that a remote access point has the best signal strength value for the user station, handing over
the user station to the remote access point.

US Pat. No. 9,225,071

ANTENNA ASSEMBLY FOR LONG-RANGE HIGH-SPEED WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. An antenna assembly, comprising:
a reflector comprising a center opening;
a feed-antenna subassembly situated in front of the reflector, wherein the feed-antenna subassembly comprises a feed tube
that houses at least one of: a transmitter circuit and a receiver circuit;

a rear housing situated behind the reflector, wherein the rear housing is coupled to a front side of the reflector via the
center opening, wherein the rear housing comprises a center cavity, and wherein a back end of the feed tube can be inserted
in and coupled to the center cavity; and

a pole-mounting bracket comprising a base plate and a back plate, wherein the base plate is situated between the reflector
and the rear housing, and wherein the base plate can be coupled to the reflector and the rear housing in such a way that decoupling
between the base plate the reflector requires a prior decoupling between the feed-antenna subassembly and the rear housing
and a prior decoupling between the rear housing and the reflector.

US Pat. No. 9,201,815

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAINTAINING NETWORK CONNECTIONS BETWEEN DEVICES

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

22. An apparatus, comprising:
a processor;
a memory;
a communication module to establish a network connection with each of a plurality of network devices over a computer network,
wherein a respective established network connection facilitates sending or receiving an unsolicited packet to or from a corresponding
network device over the computer network;

a sensor-monitoring module to receive sensor data from the one or more network devices over the computer network; and
a data-subscription module, wherein responsive to the sensor-monitoring module receiving sensor data from a first network
device, the data-subscription module is configured to:

determine a second network device that is subscribed to the sensor data received from the first network device;
determining a previously-established network connection to the second network device over the computer network; and
configure the communication module to send, over the computer network, the sensor data to the second network device via the
previously-established network connection.

US Pat. No. 9,496,620

RADIO SYSTEM FOR LONG-RANGE HIGH-SPEED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A radio device for point-to-point transmission of high bandwidth signals, the device comprising:
a solid housing comprising a first parabolic reflector and a second parabolic reflector wherein the first and second reflectors
are aimed and aligned directionally parallel with each other so that the first reflector and the second reflector are seen
as a single device by a paired partner during point-to-point transmission;

a transmitter feed coupled to the center of the first parabolic reflector;
a receiver feed coupled to the center of the second parabolic reflector; and
a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising both a first transmitter connected to the transmitter feed and a first receiver connected
to the receiver feed,

further wherein an outer diameter of the first parabolic reflector cuts into an outer diameter of the second parabolic reflector
so that a distance between the transmitter feed and the receiver feed is less than a sum of the diameters of the two reflectors.

US Pat. No. 9,063,873

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING AND PROCESSING SENSOR DATA IN AN INTERFACING-DEVICE NETWORK

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

20. A method, comprising:
receiving, by a rule-processing device, a device configuration that includes a rule for the rule-processing device, wherein
the rule includes an action description for performing an action that produces one or more output data values, and includes
a condition that indicates criteria for performing the action;

storing the rule in a rule repository;
receiving a data-subscription request for an output data value from the rule;
determining, from the data-subscription request, a data recipient for the output data value; and
storing the data-subscription request.

US Pat. No. 9,729,791

MICRO CAMERA AND MULTI-PURPOSE MOUNTING BASE

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

12. A method, comprising:
detachably coupling an electronic device to a concave curved receptacle surface of a power connector, wherein the electronic
device is operable to be rotated with respect to the power connector with at least three degrees of freedom and wherein the
electronic device comprises a convex curved contact surface that forms a semi-sphere and is configured to mate directly with
the concave curved receptacle surface of the power connector;

maintaining a continuous power supply from the power connector to the electronic device while the electronic device is reoriented
with respect to the power connector;

establishing a wireless network connection using a transceiver located in the electronic device;
capturing a video stream using an image sensor located in the electronic device; and
transmitting the video stream using the transceiver through the wireless network to a remotely located device.

US Pat. No. 9,640,862

ANTENNA SYSTEM AND METHOD

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A device for enhancing directivity in a desired radiation pattern including:
a ground plane;
a radiator assembly capable of emitting electromagnetic radiation in the desired radiation pattern;
a patch; and,
a radome, positioned to cover the radiator assembly and connected to the ground plane,
wherein the radiomen includes a valley region approximately in the center of the radiomen, wherein the lowest point of the
valley region is aligned with a vertex of the radiator assembly,

wherein the radiomen further includes a first and second peak region separated by the valley region.

US Pat. No. 9,270,792

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING WIRELESS LINK EFFICIENCY

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method of wireless link transmission, comprising:
selecting a virtual sequence number for each of a first set of packets to be transmitted in an aggregate frame, wherein the
first set of packets includes one or more regular packets, and includes one or more retransmission packets to be retransmitted
with the one or more regular packets in the aggregate frame;

modifying a respective packet of the first set of packets by:
modifying a payload of the respective packet to include an original sequence number of the respective packet; and
modifying a header of the respective packet to include a virtual sequence number selected for the respective packet;
generating an aggregate frame which includes the first set of packets modified to include a corresponding virtual sequence
number; and

transmitting the aggregate frame to a destination device over a wireless link.

US Pat. No. 9,912,550

NETWORK ROUTING SYSTEM

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A switching system, comprising:
a processor;
a memory storing instructions that when executed by the processor cause the switching system to implement:
a command line interface (CLI) module to host a CLI for a client device;
a web server operable to:
host a web page for configuring the switching system;
in response to receiving, from a browser running the web page on the client device, a first request for establishing a full-duplex
communication session, sending a first response to establish the full-duplex communication session between the browser and
the switching system;

in response to receiving, from the browser via the full-duplex communication session, a second request for establishing a
command line interface (CLI) session, establishing the CLI session between the browser and a CLI daemon running on the switching
system; and

in response to the CLI daemon receiving a CLI command via the CLI session with the browser, forwarding, by the CLI daemon,
the CLI command to a system daemon that uses the CLI command to configure the switching system.

US Pat. No. 9,843,096

COMPACT RADIO FREQUENCY LENSES

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A compact electronic RF lens device, the device comprising:
a lens body comprising parallel plates separated by a dielectric, the lens body having an outer perimeter and an inner region
within the outer perimeter;

a plurality of input ports on the outer perimeter of the lens body, wherein each input port corresponds to a predetermined
steering angle;

a plurality of output ports on the outer perimeter of the lens body; and
a plurality of openings in the inner region of the lens body within at least one plate of the parallel plates of the lens
body, wherein the openings are arranged through the lens body so that an electromagnetic signal entering the lens body from
any one of the input ports will exit from each of the output ports at a time delay corresponding to the predetermined steering
angle of the input port from which the electromagnetic signal entered the lens body.

US Pat. No. 9,543,635

OPERATION OF RADIO DEVICES FOR LONG-RANGE HIGH-SPEED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A radio device for the exchange of wireless signals with a second radio device, the radio device:
a first parabolic reflector;
a second parabolic reflector;
a radio circuitry configured for transmission of radio-frequency signals from the first parabolic reflector and configured
for reception of radio-frequency signals from the second parabolic reflector;

a first status indicator visible on the outside of the radio device that is configured to indicate the signal strength of
wireless signals received by the radio device from the second radio device; and

a second status indicator visible on the outside of the radio device that is configured to indicate the signal strength of
wireless signals from the radio device that are received by the second radio device.

US Pat. No. 9,531,618

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISTRIBUTED CONTROL OF AN INTERFACING-DEVICE NETWORK

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method, comprising:
maintaining, by a first network controller, a first database which stores information associated with a first set of provisioned
sensor-interfacing devices of a local-area network, wherein the first network controller has primary control of the first
set of provisioned sensor-interfacing devices, and wherein a second network controller, which is configured to maintain a
second database storing information associated with the first set of provisioned sensor-interfacing devices, is offline; and

responsive to determining that the second network controller has come online:
synchronizing the first database with the second database;
configuring the first network controller to rescind primary control of the first set of provisioned sensor-interfacing devices
to the second network controller; and

wherein configuring the first network controller to rescind primary control comprises allowing the second network controller
to add to the first set of provisioned sensor-interfacing devices a new provisioned sensor-interfacing device or remove an
existing provisioned sensor-interfacing device from the first set of provisioned sensor-interfacing devices.

US Pat. No. 9,985,749

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING WIRELESS LINK EFFICIENCY

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method for wireless link transmission, comprising:receiving a block acknowledgement from a destination device in response to sending a first multi-traffic identifier (TID) aggregate frame to the destination device via a wireless link, wherein each of the packets of a respective multi-TID aggregate frame have the same virtual traffic identifier (virtual TID) in a corresponding packet header, and wherein two or more packets in the multi-TID aggregate frame have different original traffic identifiers (TIDs) in a corresponding packet payload;
computing a TID packet error rate for a respective TID based at least on the block acknowledgement;
in response to determining that the TID packet error rate for the respective TID is greater than a predetermined threshold, reserving a number of packet slots in a second aggregate frame for duplicate packets of the respective TID;
generating the second multi-TID aggregate frame that includes duplicate packets for the respective TID in the number of reserved packet slots; and
sending the second multi-TID aggregate frame to the destination device via the wireless link.

US Pat. No. 9,730,117

DISTRIBUTED SEAMLESS ROAMING IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method for conducting a maintenance procedure at an access point without disrupting access to a wireless network, comprising:
responsive to a local access point of the wireless network detecting a maintenance condition for performing a maintenance
procedure, handing over one or more user stations associated with the local access point to other access points of the wireless
network;

performing the maintenance procedure;
responsive to the local access point completing the maintenance procedure, obtaining a set of configuration information from
an existing access point that belongs to the wireless network; and

in response to determining that the local access point has the best signal strength of a user station, allowing the user station
to be associated with the local access point.

US Pat. No. 9,912,034

ANTENNA ASSEMBLY

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. An antenna assembly comprising: a primary reflector having a concave reflecting surface configured to direct electromagnetic
energy; a secondary reflector within the primary reflector having a convex reflecting surface configured to direct electromagnetic
energy toward the primary reflector; a primary feed having a patterned emitting surface, wherein the patterned emitting surface
comprises a flat surface having one or more openings therethrough and a plurality of folded-over regions continuous with the
flat upper surface; three or more antenna input feeds each connected to the patterned antenna emitting surface of the primary
feed; and three or more connectors exposed on an external surface of the antenna assembly wherein each connector is configured
to couple to one of the three or more antenna input feeds and configured to transmit radio frequency (RF) signals at a different
polarization to each of the antenna input feeds, wherein the patterned emitting surface is configured to emit the RF signals
having different polarizations from different locations for the different polarizations that are reflected from different
regions of the primary and secondary reflectors.

US Pat. No. 9,787,680

CLOUD DEVICE IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of automatic and hands-free authentication of a network device through a cloud-computing environment, the method
comprising:
connecting the network device to the cloud computing environment;
obtaining a unique identifier from the network device using a computing device from an outer surface of the network device;
transmitting the unique identifier from the computing device to the cloud computing environment;
transmitting, upon receipt of the unique identifier, an authentication key from the cloud computing environment to the network
device;

presenting, by the network device, the authentication key for detection by the computing device;
obtaining the authentication key from the network device; and
sending the authentication key from the computing device to the cloud computing environment to authenticate the network device.

US Pat. No. 9,980,017

COMPACT NETWORKING DEVICE FOR REMOTE STATIONS

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

26. A tower-mounted computer networking apparatus, comprising:a mounting bracket for mounting the apparatus on a radio tower or wall;
a first network and power port of the apparatus coupled to a connection line from a source external to the tower or wall, wherein the connection line provides power and a network connection to the apparatus;
a second network port of the apparatus coupled to a first radio device;
a power module to:
receive power from the first network and power port; and
provide power to the first radio device via the second network port; and
a packet-forwarding module to route network packets between the first power and network port and the first and second network ports.

US Pat. No. 9,733,797

RADIO SYSTEM FOR LONG-RANGE HIGH SPEED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A radio assembly, comprising:
an antenna housing unit that houses a pair of parabolic reflectors, wherein the pair of reflectors are situated on a front
side of the antenna housing unit, wherein the pair of reflectors include a transmitting reflector having a circular rim that
overlaps and truncates a portion of an adjacent receiving reflector which consequently has a partially circular rim;

wherein the partially circular rim of the receiving reflector has an outer diameter that is larger than that of the circular
rim of the transmitting reflector;

a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising at least a transmitter coupled to the transmitting reflector and a receiver coupled
to the receiving reflector, wherein the PCB is situated within a cavity at a backside of the antenna housing unit; and

a backside cover that covers the cavity, thereby enclosing the PCB within the antenna housing unit.

US Pat. No. 9,734,681

CLOUD-BASED VIDEO MONITORING

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method for a digital video camera in a cloud-based video monitoring system, comprising:
storing, in a rolling buffer by of the digital video camera, a last predetermined temporal segment of a video stream;
in response to detecting a triggering event, initiating a local video recording in a local storage device of the digital video
camera and streaming a video feed of the digital video camera to a network video recorder (NVR);

identifying a first frame of the video feed recorded by the NVR from a control message from the NVR;
generating, from the local video recording in the local storage device, a local video segment from an initial frame of the
local video recording to a frame immediately before the identified first frame;

generating, by the digital video camera, a video file comprising the last temporal segment of the video stream prior to the
triggering event and the local video segment; and

sending the generated video file to the NVR.

US Pat. No. 9,698,491

MULTI-PANEL ANTENNA SYSTEM

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. An antenna system, comprising:
a center reflector panel and two or more side reflector panels, wherein a respective reflector panel includes a curved surface
that forms a portion of a parabolic reflector;

a multi-panel fastener operable to be fastened to a convex side of the center and side reflector panels that form the parabolic
reflector, wherein the multi-panel fastener prevents the center and side reflector panels from becoming unfastened;

a feed assembly operable to be mounted on the concave side of the parabolic reflector, wherein a proximal end of the feed
assembly is operable to pass through an opening on the center reflector panel and engage the multi-panel fastener to secure
the multi-panel fastener to a convex side of the parabolic reflector, and wherein engaging the proximal end of the feed assembly
to the multi-panel fastener secures the side reflector panels to prevent the side reflector panels from detaching from the
center reflector panel;

a circuit board positioned inside the feed assembly and through the opening;
a network connector positioned near a proximal end of the circuit board, wherein the proximal end of the circuit board is
located on the convex side of the center reflector panel;

a radiator positioned near a distal end of the circuit board, wherein the radiator is operable to emit radio waves that carry
a digital signal received via the network connector, and wherein the distal end of the circuit board is located on the concave
side of the center reflector panel; and

a sub-reflector located in the feed assembly and near a distal end of the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 9,634,373

ANTENNA ISOLATION SHROUDS AND REFLECTORS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A parabolic antenna reflector apparatus, the apparatus comprising:
a parabolic reflector section having a central axis of symmetry and a circular opening perpendicular to the central axis of
symmetry;

a shroud portion extending distally from the circular opening, the shroud portion having a distal opening;
a radome covering the distal opening and a side wall;
a choke portion connected to the side wall of the shroud portion, the choke portion comprising a plurality of parallel ridges
parallel to the side wall and configured to attenuate RF electromagnetic radiation;

an integrated radio transceiver and feed comprising an elongate housing enclosing a substrate, transceiver circuitry on the
substrate, an antenna radiator extending from the substrate;

a central opening through the parabolic reflector section through which the integrated radio transceiver and feed passes;
and

a holder enclosing a distal end of the integrated radio transceiver and feed and configured to prevent transmission of RF
energy out of the central opening and from a back of the integrated radio transceiver and feed, the holder mounted on a proximal
side of the central opening so the central opening is continuous with an inner chamber within the holder, wherein the inner
chamber secures the integrated radio transceiver and feed so that the integrated radio transceiver and feed is aligned with
the central axis of symmetry.

US Pat. No. 9,972,912

RADIO SYSTEM FOR LONG-RANGE HIGH-SPEED WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A radio device for point-to-point transmission of high bandwidth signals, the device comprising:a housing forming a pair of reflectors including a first reflector and a second reflector, wherein the pair of reflectors are situated on a front side of the housing and aimed directionally parallel with each other, wherein each reflector comprises an parabolic reflector having a parabolic reflecting surface and the parabolic reflecting surfaces have different diameters; and
a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising at least a transmitter and a receiver, wherein the transmitter couples with the first reflector to form a dedicated transmitting antenna configured to transmit but not to receive and the receiver couples with the second reflector to form a dedicated receiving antenna configured to receive but not to transmit, wherein a reflector with a larger diameter is coupled to the receiver.

US Pat. No. 9,912,053

ARRAY ANTENNAS HAVING A PLURALITY OF DIRECTIONAL BEAMS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A phased array antenna apparatus, the apparatus comprising:
an antenna housing enclosing a two-dimensional (2D) array of antenna emitters forming two or more vertical columns of emitting
surfaces arrange in a flat plane within the antenna housing;

a radio frequency (RF) transceiver and steering subsystem connected to the 2D array of antenna emitters, and configured to
generate a plurality of RF signals that are phase shifted relatively to each other for beamforming of the plurality of RF
signals emitted by the two dimensional array of antenna emitters, wherein the RF transceiver and steering subsystem comprises
a radio device and a lacunated lens, wherein the lacunated lens has a body having at least two parallel plates separated by
a dielectric material and multiple openings at least partially through the body of the lens, wherein the openings are arranged
in the body so that an RF signal entering the body will exit from at a time delay corresponding to a predetermined steering
angle that corresponds to where the RF signal entered the body; and

two or more RF connectors on a back of the antenna housing, configured to connect the radio device to the two-dimensional
array of antenna emitters.

US Pat. No. 9,761,954

SYNCHRONIZED MULTIPLE-RADIO ANTENNA SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of combining a plurality of radios so that they simultaneously send or receive from a single antenna, the method
comprising:
passively combining the inputs of each of the plurality of radios into a single output coupled to the single antenna;
synchronizing each of the plurality of radios using a GPS signal, so that each of the plurality of radios is operating on
a same duty cycle;

simultaneously transmitting RF signals from each of the plurality of radios using the single antenna, wherein each of the
plurality of radios transmits in adjacent different frequency channels without the use of a guard band; and

simultaneously receiving RF signals in each of the plurality of radios using the single antenna.

US Pat. No. 9,531,067

ADJUSTABLE-TILT HOUSING WITH FLATTENED DOME SHAPE, ARRAY ANTENNA, AND BRACKET MOUNT

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A radio and antenna device for providing wireless broadband access, the device comprising:
a disc-shaped housing comprising a rear region having an integrated bracket mount and a front region configured as a dome,
wherein the integrated bracket mount comprises a ball socket; a bubble level integrated onto the housing;

at least four antennas emitters held within the housing arranged as an array antenna, wherein each antenna emitter has a radiating
surface, wherein the radiating surfaces are all in a same plane, and wherein each radiating surface is differently sized;

control circuitry connected to the array antenna and configured to send and receive wireless broadband signals using the array
antenna; and a bracket comprising an arm having a ball joint at an end of the arm, the bracket configured support the device,
wherein the bracket and integrated bracket mount cooperate to provide a plurality of selectable tilt positions of the housing
relative to the bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,142,989

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR GRAPHICALLY INDICATING STATION EFFICIENCY AND PSEUDO-DYNAMIC ERROR VECTOR MAGNITUDE INFORMATION FOR A NETWORK OF WIRELESS STATIONS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of optimizing channel selection for an access point wirelessly connected to one or more stations, the method comprising:collecting, in the access point, 24 hours or longer worth of historical frequency spectral information;
collecting, in the access point, usage data for the one or more stations wirelessly connected to the access point;
determining a ranking of spectral efficiency, in bits per second per channel width, for a plurality of frequency channels based on the collected 24 hours or longer worth of historical frequency spectral information and the usage data, wherein for each channel of the plurality of frequency channels, the spectral efficiency corresponds to a data rate for the channel divided by the channel width, wherein determining the ranking of spectral efficiency further comprises determining the data rate for each channel of the plurality of frequency channels as an average or minimum data rate from the collected spectral information and from the collected usage data, wherein the usage data comprises a signal strength;
automatically selecting a top-ranked frequency channel based on the determined ranking; and
using the top-ranked frequency channel to wirelessly communicate between the access point and the one or more stations.

US Pat. No. 10,069,580

WIRELESS RADIO DEVICE ALIGNMENT TOOLS AND METHODS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method for point-to-point alignment of wireless radio devices using an alignment tool having a compass, the method comprising:determining a location of a first wireless radio device that is remotely located relative to the alignment tool;
determining a location of a second wireless radio device that is local to the alignment tool;
using the compass of the alignment tool and the locations of the first and second wireless radio devices to determine a direction to point the second wireless radio device; and
displaying, on the alignment tool, an indicator of the direction.

US Pat. No. 9,941,570

COMPACT RADIO FREQUENCY ANTENNA APPARATUSES

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A multi-focal-point antenna device having a single emitter adapted to emit three or more independent beams, the device comprising:a primary feed comprising a patterned antenna radiating emitter, wherein the patterned antenna radiating emitter comprises a sheet of metal having a plurality of cut-out regions along one or more edges of the patterned antenna radiating emitter;
n antenna input feeds, where n is 3 or more, separately extending to the patterned antenna radiating emitter of the primary feed, wherein each of the n antenna input feeds are independent and electrically isolated from each other; and
a radio circuitry coupled to each of the n antenna input feeds, wherein the radio circuitry is configured to transmit radio frequency (RF) signals to each of the n antenna input feeds transmits at a different polarization, wherein the patterned antenna radiating emitter emits n beams from the primary feed in which each of the n beams is differently polarized, and wherein the beams do not couple with each other.

US Pat. No. 9,887,898

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING AND PROCESSING SENSOR DATA IN AN INTERFACING-DEVICE NETWORK

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method, comprising:
detecting, by an interfacing device that monitors and controls a physical device, a rule-triggering event;
searching a rule repository of the interfacing device to obtain a set of rules whose action criteria is satisfied by the rule-triggering
event and a user-defined sequence for the set of rules; and

in response to the set of rules including a plurality of rules that are simultaneously triggered by the rule-triggered event,
processing the plurality of rules in the user-defined sequence by:

determining a current state of the interfacing device;
processing a first rule from the user-defined sequence of the plurality of rules to execute a first action description of
the first rule based on the current state;

determining an updated state of the interfacing device from the current state based on the execution of the first action description;
and

processing a second rule from the user-defined sequence of the plurality of rules to execute a second action description of
the second rule based on the updated state.

US Pat. No. 9,847,584

MULTI-PANEL ANTENNA SYSTEM

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A kit for a multi-panel antenna system, the kit comprising:
a set of reflector panels that includes a center reflector panel and two side reflector panels, wherein a respective reflector
panel includes a curved surface that forms a portion of a parabolic reflector for the multi-panel antenna system, and wherein
the curvature of the center reflector panel and the two side reflector panels are substantially similar to facilitate stacking
the center reflector panel and the two side reflector panels;

a multi-panel fastener for coupling the center reflector panel and the two side reflector panels together to form the parabolic
reflector;

a feed assembly for the multi-panel antenna system; and
a container having a depth between ten percent and twenty percent wider than one third of a width of the parabolic reflector,
and having a length approximately equal to a height of the parabolic reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,182,438

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR GRAPHICALLY INDICATING STATION EFFICIENCY AND PSEUDO-DYNAMIC ERROR VECTOR MAGNITUDE INFORMATION FOR A NETWORK OF WIRELESS STATIONS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of monitoring a wireless network, the method comprising:establishing link between a first radio device and a second radio device;
periodically transmitting a plurality of sounding packets from the first radio device, wherein each of the plurality of sounding packets are transmitted in a different modulation type;
receiving at least some of the plurality of sounding packets at the second radio device;
determining estimated error vector magnitude (EVM) information based on a carrier-to-interference noise ratio from the received at least some of the plurality of sounding packets;
aggregating the determined estimated error vector magnitude information for a predetermined period of time; and
displaying an animated constellation diagram by generating pseudo-EVM data points based on the aggregated estimated error vector magnitude information, wherein the pseudo-EVM data points are determined within a standard deviation of the estimated error vector magnitude information.

US Pat. No. 10,027,034

MICROWAVE SYSTEM

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A device comprising:a center-fed reflector;
a radiator pin, said radiator pin radially disposed on a substrate and extending orthogonally from a first surface of the substrate;
a radio transceiver, said transceiver disposed on the substrate and coupled to the radiator pin;
one or more directors disposed on said substrate, each director disposed substantially parallel to the radiator pin;
at least one sub-reflector, said sub-reflector comprising a thin plate said sub-reflector having a first surface substantially disposed towards the radiator pin,
wherein the substrate is disposed within a feed mechanism of the center fed reflector, and the directors and the sub-reflector are disposed to re-radiate energy from the transceiver to the center-fed reflector and minimize interference to the transceiver; and,
an antenna tube, wherein the antenna tube houses the feed mechanism.

US Pat. No. 9,935,377

MICROWAVE SYSTEM

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of radiating radio frequency energy comprising:coupling a radio frequency (RF) transceiver to a digital network, said transceiver disposed in the feed arm of a center-fed parabolic reflector;
providing, via the digital network, a baseband signal information to the transceiver;
converting the baseband signal information into an RF signal in the microwave spectra;
transmitting the RF signal to one or more antenna feed pins,
wherein the antenna feed pins are disposed in the feed arm of the center-fed parabolic reflector on a first side of a printed circuit board,
wherein the antenna feed pins are mounted perpendicular to the printed circuit board, said feed pins disposed on the printed circuit board at a location determined to maximize radiation gain;
radiating the RF signal from the antenna feed pins such that the radiated RF signal is planar to the printed circuit board thereby minimizing induced interference to the printed circuit board; and,
reflecting at least a portion of the transmitted RF signal to the parabolic reflector, said reflecting effectuated with directors pins, said director pins disposed on the printed circuit board.

US Pat. No. 9,935,764

ADAPTIVE SYNCHRONOUS PROTOCOL FOR MINIMIZING LATENCY IN TDD SYSTEMS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:transmitting from a master node to one or more remote nodes, a synchronization signal, said synchronization signal operable to cause the one or more remote nodes to transmit according to a predetermined timing;
receiving at the master node a response to the synchronization signal, said response providing propagation time information;
generating schedule information, said schedule information effectuating a desired frame efficiency, and
transmitting, from the master node to the remote nodes, the schedule information,
wherein at least one of the remote nodes to transmit information to the master node while the master node is transmitting on substantially the same channel.

US Pat. No. 10,084,238

SYNCHRONIZED MULTIPLE-RADIO ANTENNA SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for combining a plurality of radios so that they simultaneously send or receive from a single antenna, the apparatus comprising:a first external mount configured to hold a first radio;
a second external mount configured to hold a second radio; and
a multiplexer including:
a first input configured to connect to an input of the first radio;
a second input configured to connect to an input of the second radio;
a passive power divider/combiner configured to couple to the first input and to the second input, the passive power divider/combiner configured to passively combine RF signals from the first and second input, and to output them to an antenna port, and to divide RF signals from the antenna port between the first and second inputs; and
a multiplexer circuitry in communication with each of the first input and the second input and configured establish a duty cycle for the first radio and the second radio and to synchronize the first radio and the second radio via an external GPS signal;
wherein the antenna port is configured to be coupled to an antenna feed of an antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,164,332

MULTI-SECTOR ANTENNAS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. An antenna assembly having a first axis, the antenna assembly comprising:a first antenna section that is linearly between a second antenna section and a third antenna section, wherein the first, second and third antenna sections are in the first axis, further wherein each of the first, second and third antenna sections include:
an elongate trough extending in the first axis, wherein the elongate trough comprises a first wall, a second wall, and a base extending between the first wall and the second wall,
an opening into the trough between the first wall and the second wall, wherein the opening has a width that is larger than a width at the base,
a radiator array comprises an array of radiator elements arranged in a line at the base along in the first axis,
a corrugation on the first wall along an edge of the first wall opposite the base comprising a plurality of ridges extending in the first axis, and
a corrugation on the second wall along an edge of the second wall opposite the base comprising a plurality of ridges extending in the first axis; and
a first isolation plate between the first and second antenna section, and a second isolation plate between the second and third antenna sections, wherein the first and second isolation plates each comprise a plurality of ridges extending parallel to an outer edge and forming a corrugation along the outer edge.

US Pat. No. 10,165,477

DISTRIBUTED SEAMLESS ROAMING IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method for receiving handover of a user station in a wireless network, comprising:receiving, by a local access point from a remote access point, a query message including at least a media access control (MAC) address for the user station;
determining a signal strength value of the user station based on a list of user stations with corresponding signal strength values;
sending, by the local access point to the remote access point, a query response message indicating the signal strength value;
receiving information associated with the user station from the remote access point; and
adding the user station to a list of stations associated with the local access point.

US Pat. No. 10,136,233

COMPACT PUBLIC ADDRESS ACCESS POINT APPARATUSES

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A compact public address access point apparatus, the apparatus comprising:a speaker having a front from which sound is projected;
a frame mounted over the speaker, the frame comprising:
a conical acoustic reflector centered over the front of the speaker, and
an annular region surrounding the conical acoustic reflector, wherein the annular region comprises a concave inner wall facing the conical acoustic reflector;
an access point (AP) housing mounted to the frame so that the AP housing covers the front of the speaker and the conical acoustic reflector is between the AP housing and the front of the speaker,
wherein an outer surface of the AP housing is opposite from the concave inner wall of the annular region of the frame; and
an antenna and a radio housed within the AP housing and configured to connect a plurality of wireless devices to a network.

US Pat. No. 10,057,021

RESOURCE ALLOCATION IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:obtaining, by one or more processors, data to be transmitted over a plurality of sub-channels in a wireless communication environment,
determining, by the one or more processors, channel conditions associated with the plurality of sub-channels;
scheduling, by a scheduler, the data to be transmitted according to the channel conditions associated with the plurality of sub-channels to form scheduled data for transmission, wherein the scheduled data is rotated with respect to the data to be transmitted to align with the plurality of sub-channels, comprising scheduling the data to be transmitted into a number of sub-band symbols based on the number of sub-channels, wherein the data to be transmitted include multiple full-band OFDMA symbols; and wherein each sub-band symbol includes a portion from the multiple full-band OFDMA symbols,
wherein scheduling the data to be transmitted into a number of sub-band symbols comprises sorting a list of queues carrying the data to be transmitted based on a score of each queue in the list of queues, allocating the data to be transmitted based on data type, size, location, and availability of resources blocks, assigning OFDMA packets according to the availability of the resources blocks, and updating the each queue in the list of queues with an updated score of the each queue and corresponding queue statistics; and
transmitting, by a modem, the scheduled data to one or more receivers via the plurality of sub-channels.

US Pat. No. 10,205,471

WIRELESS RADIO SYSTEM OPTIMIZATION BY PERSISTENT SPECTRUM ANALYSIS

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A method of controlling reception for a wireless broadband radio by simultaneously monitoring a frequency spectrum of an operating band and transmitting and receiving wireless information within the operating band to minimize spurious interference at a predetermined frequency, the method comprising:receiving and transmitting radio frequency (RF) signals within the operating band using a primary receiver and transmitter or a primary transceiver of a wireless radio device that includes an integrated spectrum analyzer, the wireless radio device operating in a wireless network;
continuously monitoring the frequency spectrum of the operating band using the spectrum analyzer of the wireless radio device concurrently with receiving and transmitting the radio frequency signals, wherein the spectrum analyzer is coupled to a secondary RF receiver or a secondary transceiver, without modifying the wireless radio device using a RF spectrum information collected from the spectrum analyzer;
transmitting the RF spectrum information collected from the spectrum analyzer to a remote spectrum analysis unit;
aggregating, in the remote spectrum analysis unit, the RF spectrum information with additional RF spectrum information from other wireless devices; and
adjusting an operation of the network using the aggregated RF spectrum information.

US Pat. No. 10,194,328

METHODS AND TOOLS FOR PERSISTENT SPECTRUM ANALYSIS OF AN OPERATING RADIO FREQUENCY BAND

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method of persistent spectrum analysis of an operating frequency band, the method comprising:transmitting and receiving wireless information within the operating frequency band from each of a plurality of wireless radio devices that are separated geographically from each other and in wireless communication with an access point in a network;
monitoring the frequency spectrum of the operating frequency band over time to detect a set of spectrum information of the operating frequency band from each of the wireless radio devices simultaneously with, and independently of, transmitting and receiving the wireless information;
periodically transmitting to a spectrum analysis engine the sets of spectrum information detected along with information identifying a geographic location of the wireless radio device that detected each set of spectrum information, wherein each set of spectrum information is time stamped;
creating a geographic database of spectrum information over time at the spectrum analysis engine using the sets of spectrum information;
determining a measure of efficiency for each of the plurality of wireless radio devices;
simulating, using the spectrum analysis engine, the addition of a new wireless radio device having predetermined operating characteristics to the network at a plurality of different geographic locations and determining a new measure of efficiency for each of the plurality of wireless radio devices and the new wireless radio device at the different geographic locations;
providing, from the spectrum analysis engine, a link simulation for the new wireless radio device at each of the plurality of different geographic locations including a Fresnel profile; and
configuring the new wireless radio device at the new geographic location having the provided operating characteristics.

US Pat. No. 10,218,081

MICROWAVE SYSTEM

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A device comprising:a center-fed reflector;
an antenna tube disposed along the central axis of the center-fed reflector, said antenna tube including a circuit board, said circuit board having a top surface and a bottom surface;
a first radiator pin disposed on the top surface of the circuit board, and substantially perpendicular to the top surface of the circuit board;
a second radiator pin disposed on the bottom surface of the circuit board and substantially perpendicular to the bottom surface of the circuit board;
said first and second radiator pins, electrically coupled to form a half-wavelength dipole antenna;
a pair of director pins disposed through the circuit board, substantially parallel to the first or second radiator pin;
a pair of substantially similar sub-reflectors disposed on the antenna tube, each of said sub-reflectors having a first concave surface substantially disposed towards the radiator pin, and
a radio transceiver disposed on the top surface of circuit board, said radio receiver electrically coupled to the first and second radiator.

US Pat. No. 10,170,828

ADJUSTABLE-TILT HOUSING WITH FLATTENED DOME SHAPE, ARRAY ANTENNA, AND BRACKET MOUNT

UBIQUITI NETWORKS, INC., ...

1. A radio and antenna device for providing wireless broadband access, the device comprising:a disc-shaped housing having a flattened, dome-shaped front region and a back region having an integrated bracket mount, wherein the integrated bracket mount comprises a slotted channel;
a bubble level integrated onto the housing;
a plurality of antenna emitters held within the housing and arranged as an array antenna; and
a bracket configured to support the device, the bracket further configured to engage with the integrated bracket mount, where the bracket and integrated bracket mount may be adjusted to form a plurality of selectable positions securing the housing at different tilt angles relative to the bracket.