US Pat. No. 9,272,268

CATALYSTS FOR LOW TEMPERATURE OXIDATION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A composite catalyst comprising:
a. a first component comprising nanosized gold particles on a solid support; and
b. a second component comprising nanosized platinum group metals (Pt, Pd, Rh),
wherein the nanosized gold particles comprises a gold core surrounded by a metal oxide shell.

US Pat. No. 9,543,048

STORAGE, TRANSPORTATION AND DISPOSAL SYSTEM FOR USED NUCLEAR FUEL ASSEMBLIES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An integrated storage, transportation and disposal system for used nuclear fuel assemblies, comprising:
a plurality of canisters each including a canister sidewall defining a canister enclosure sized to receive a plurality of
fuel basket tubes in side by side relationship, each of the plurality of fuel basket tubes being sized to receive at least
one of the used nuclear fuel assemblies therein, each of the plurality of canisters including a plurality of longitudinal
reinforcing members within the canister enclosure, the plurality of longitudinal reinforcing members being interposed between
the canister sidewall and the plurality of fuel basket tubes, each of the plurality of longitudinal reinforcing members including:

a vertical reinforcing member sidewall including a major web and two spaced apart minor webs that define a u-shaped cross-section,
and

upper and lower horizontal ribs interconnecting the major web and the spaced apart minor webs at longitudinally spaced apart
portions of the vertical reinforcing member sidewall and extending perpendicular to the major web and the minor webs of the
vertical reinforcing member sidewall to provide torsional rigidity to the longitudinal reinforcing member, wherein the upper
and lower horizontal ribs extend radially within the canister enclosure and perpendicular to the canister sidewall and contact
the canister sidewall to transfer heat thereto from the plurality of fuel basket tubes; and

a cask including an end and a cask sidewall to define an internal cask volume, wherein the plurality of canisters are sized
to be received within the internal cask volume in side by side relationship for transportation of the plurality of used fuel
assemblies, each of the plurality of canisters being removable from the internal cask volume for disposal of the used fuel
assemblies.

US Pat. No. 9,233,339

IONIC LIQUID-FUNCTIONALIZED MESOPOROUS SORBENTS AND THEIR USE IN THE CAPTURE OF POLLUTING GASES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A composite structure for capturing a gaseous electrophilic species, the composite structure comprising refractory hollow
fibers with an internal diameter of up to 1000 microns having incorporated therein mesoporous refractory sorbent particles
on which an ionic liquid is covalently attached, provided that said refractory hollow fibers containing the mesoporous refractory
sorbent particles also contain a bore space that extends through the length of each of said refractory hollow fibers and is
surrounded by said mesoporous refactory sorbent particles, wherein said ionic liquid includes an accessible functional group
that is capable of binding to said gaseous electrophilic species.
US Pat. No. 9,192,993

PROCESSES FOR FABRICATING COMPOSITE REINFORCED MATERIAL

Consolidated Nuclear Secu...

1. A process for producing a reinforced material, comprising the steps:
a. providing a base material;
b. mixing a carbon source material having surface amorphous carbon particles with the base material to form a mixture;
c. depositing said mixture on a surface of a substrate material;
d. sintering said surface of the substrate material and said mixture to form a reinforced coating on the substrate material
wherein carbon diffuses into the substrate from the surface amorphous carbon particles on the carbon source material; and

e. cooling the coating on the substrate material.

US Pat. No. 9,063,047

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EXTRACTING A SAMPLE FROM A SURFACE

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for extracting a sample analyte with a liquid, comprising:
a sample collection device comprising a continuous portion of porous sample collection material, the porous sample collection
material being capable of absorbing the sample such that the sample penetrates below the surface of the porous sample collection
material;

predetermined regions of the continuous porous sample collection material defining barrier regions for containing the flow
of sample extraction liquid;

a hydrophobic material coating the porous sample collection material in the barrier regions for containing the flow of sample
extraction liquid, the hydrophobic material comprising patterns in the porous sample collection material forming sample wells
prior to depositing the sample, the sample wells being non-reactive with the analyte;

a liquid extraction surface sampling probe for applying the extraction liquid to the surface of the porous sample collection
material, and for withdrawing extraction liquid containing extracted sample from the same surface of the porous sample collection
material through the liquid extraction surface sampling probe; and

further comprising ionizing the extracted dissolved sample material downstream of the porous material and the liquid extraction
surface sampling probe.

US Pat. No. 9,732,445

LOW TEMPERATURE STABILIZATION PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF CARBON FIBER HAVING STRUCTURAL ORDER

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for producing a carbon fiber, the method comprising:
(i) subjecting a continuous carbon fiber precursor having a polymeric matrix in which strength-enhancing particles are incorporated
to a stabilization process during which the carbon fiber precursor is heated to within a temperature range ranging from the
glass transition temperature to no less than 20° C. below the glass transition temperature of the polymeric matrix, wherein
the maximum temperature employed in the stabilization process is below 400° C., for a processing time within said temperature
range of at least 1 hour in the presence of oxygen and in the presence of a magnetic field of at least 1 Tesla, while said
carbon fiber precursor is held under an applied axial tension; and

(ii) subjecting the stabilized carbon fiber precursor, following step (i), to a carbonization process.
US Pat. No. 9,359,320

ACID-FUNCTIONALIZED POLYOLEFIN MATERIALS AND THEIR USE IN ACID-PROMOTED CHEMICAL REACTIONS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

9. The method of claim 1, wherein said acid-reactive organic precursor is within a polar solvent.
US Pat. No. 9,365,685

METHOD OF IMPROVING ADHESION OF CARBON FIBERS WITH A POLYMERIC MATRIX

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A carbon fiber having covalently bound on its surface a partially cured sizing agent comprised of an epoxy resin, wherein
said epoxy resin is covalently attached to a linking group that contains an accessible unsaturated group capable of reacting
with a carbon-carbon double bond via a vinyl addition reaction, and at least a portion of epoxide groups in the sizing agent
are available as uncrosslinked epoxide groups, which corresponds to a curing degree of epoxide groups of no more than about
0.6.
US Pat. No. 9,161,533

PLANT PATHOGEN RESISTANCE

The University of Chicago...

1. A method of priming a plant to induce resistance response against a pathogen, comprising:
contacting a component of the plant with an exogenous composition comprising an ionic form of purified azelaic acid, wherein
the composition is essentially non-toxic to the plant.

US Pat. No. 9,230,289

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING POWER OUTAGES AND RESTORATION DURING NATURAL AND MAN-MADE EVENTS

U.S. Department of Energy...

1. A non-transitory recordable medium including a series of preprogrammed instructions that, when executed by a computing
machine, cause the computing machine to perform the steps of modeling an electric supply and demand matrix, the steps comprising:
a. creating an electric supply and demand matrix for a geographic area, the matrix including a plurality of cells each representing
an electricity service area;

b. assigning each existing substation for the geographic area to one of the cells in which the each existing substation is
geographically located to create supply cells;

c. determining an electric demand for each of the plurality of cells to create demand cells;
d. assigning each of the demand cells to one of the supply cells as a function of proximity of the demand cells and an electricity
supply of each of the supply cells;

e. predicting an effect on an electricity service area using disaster event information with respect to the electric supply
and demand matrix; and

f. creating at least one of a restoration time estimate or a restoration plan proposal using the predicted effect and the
electric supply and demand matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,334,404

METHOD OF MAKING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC/SUPEROLEOPHILIC PAINTS, EPOXIES, AND COMPOSITES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A bulk superhydrophobic coating composition comprising:
a coating material selected from the group consisting of a paint, an epoxy, and combinations thereof; and
a plurality of particles, each comprising:
a porous particle,
having a particle size ranging from at least 100 nm to about 10 ?m, and
having a plurality of spaced apart nanostructured features comprising a contiguous, protrusive material, and
a hydrophobic coating layer deposited on the porous particle,
the plurality of particles comprising:
a first subset of particles disposed only partially within the coating material, and
a second subset of particles disposed entirely within the coating material,
wherein the first subset of particles comprises a first pinned composition pinned within the plurality of spaced apart nanostructured
features of each porous particle of the first subset of particles,

wherein the first pinned composition is selected from the group consisting of a first oil, and a combination of the first
oil and a first volatile component,

wherein the first volatile component is volatile at room temperature,
wherein the spaced apart nanostructured features of the first subset of particles extend beyond the first pinned composition,
wherein a first portion of the spaced apart nanostructured features of the first subset of particles that extend beyond the
first pinned composition are secured to the coating material, and

wherein a second portion of the spaced apart nanostructured features of the first subset of particles that extend beyond the
first pinned composition extend beyond a surface of the coating material,

wherein the second subset of particles comprises a second pinned composition pinned within the plurality of spaced apart nanostructured
features of each porous particle of the second subset of particles,

wherein the second pinned composition comprises:
a second oil, and
a second volatile component,
wherein the second volatile component is volatile at room temperature, and
wherein the spaced apart nanostructured features of the second subset of particles extend beyond the second pinned composition.

US Pat. No. 9,299,464

FULLY CERAMIC NUCLEAR FUEL AND RELATED METHODS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A nuclear fuel comprising:
a fuel element comprising a plurality of tristructural-isotropic fuel particles intermixed in a silicon carbide matrix, wherein
the silicon carbide matrix separates at least one of the plurality of tristructural-isotropic fuel particles embedded in the
silicon carbide matrix from the other tristructural-isotropic fuel particles embedded in the silicon carbide matrix, wherein
the silicon carbide matrix has a density substantially equal to the theoretical density of stoichiometric silicon carbide.

US Pat. No. 9,261,468

MULTI-PARTICLE INSPECTION USING ASSOCIATED PARTICLE SOURCES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An imaging system, comprising:
a first neutron source;
a first array of one or more alpha particle detectors configured to detect alpha particles associated with neutrons generated
by the first neutron source;

a second neutron source;
a second array of one or more alpha particle detectors configured to detect alpha particles associated with neutrons generated
by a second neutron source;

one or more neutron detectors positioned to detect at least some of the neutrons generated by the first and second neutron
sources;

a gamma ray source;
an array of one or more verification gamma ray detectors configured to detect verification gamma rays associated with gamma
rays generated by the gamma ray source;

one or more gamma ray detectors configured to detect at least some of the gamma rays generated by the gamma ray source; and
an interrogation region configured to hold an object to be interrogated by neutrons from the first and second neutron sources
and by gamma rays from the gamma ray source, the interrogation region being located between the first and second neutron sources,
the gamma ray source, the one or more neutron detectors, and the one or more gamma ray detectors.

US Pat. No. 9,255,343

IRON-BASED COMPOSITION FOR MAGNETOCALORIC EFFECT (MCE) APPLICATIONS AND METHOD OF MAKING A SINGLE CRYSTAL

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making a single crystal, the method comprising:
heating a material comprising magnetic anisotropy to a temperature T sufficient to form a melt of the material;
applying a magnetic field of at least about 1 Tesla to the melt at the temperature T, where a magnetic free energy difference
?Gm between different crystallographic axes of the material is greater than a thermal energy kT;

while applying the magnetic field, cooling the melt at a rate of about 30° C./min or higher;
during the cooling, applying an alternating magnetic field at a frequency of from about 10 kHz to about 300 kHz; and
solidifying the melt to form a single crystal of the material.

US Pat. No. 9,249,241

SURFACE-FUNCTIONALIZED MESOPOROUS CARBON MATERIALS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A functionalized mesoporous carbon composition comprising a mesoporous carbon scaffold having: (i) mesopores in which polyvinyl
polymer grafts are covalently attached, and (ii) macropores having a size greater than 50 nm and up to 200 nm, wherein said
mesopores have a size of at least 2 nm and up to 50 nm, and said carbon is elemental carbon.

US Pat. No. 9,171,453

SMOKE DETECTION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of training a classifier for a smoke detector, comprising:
inputting sensor data from a plurality of tests into a processor, the sensor data indicative of environmental conditions during
the tests;

using the processor to process the sensor data from the tests to generate derived signal data corresponding to the test data
for respective tests;

assigning the derived signal data into categories comprising at least one fire group and at least one non-fire group;
performing linear discriminant analysis (LDA) training using the processor and the derived signal data and the assigned categories
for the derived signal data as input to the LDA training, the output of the LDA training generating a centroid in linear discriminant
coordinates for each of the categories, a plurality of coefficients for transforming derived signal data into linear discriminant
(LD) coordinates, and a mean of group means; and

storing the plurality of coefficients, the plurality of centroids, and the mean of group means in a computer readable medium.

US Pat. No. 9,260,026

VEHICLE TO WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER COUPLING COIL ALIGNMENT SENSOR

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A structure comprising a position sensing apparatus mounted on a vehicle, said position sensing apparatus comprising at
least a receiver coil configured to generate a voltage in proportion to a net magnetic flux captured in a first loop and a
second loop that are serially connected to each other, wherein one of said first loop and said second loop is wound clockwise
and another of said first loop and second loop is wound counterclockwise, wherein said position sensing apparatus further
comprises a vehicle alignment human-machine interface (HMI) configured to indicate a positional offset of said vehicle relative
to a source of a magnetic field as calculated from a measurement on said voltage.

US Pat. No. 9,222,888

PULSE AMPLITUDE MODULATED CHLOROPHYLL FLUOROMETER

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

12. A chlorophyll fluorometer apparatus comprising:
a first fluidic channel for concentrating particles from a sample in a fluid for measurement;
at least one light source using pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) for illuminating the concentrated particles in the fluid;
and

a photodetector that detects chlorophyll signatures of the particles in the fluid upon the illumination of the particles in
the fluid by the light source using pulse amplitude modulation;

wherein the at least one light source using pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) for illuminating the concentrated particles in
the fluid, is pulsed such that it mimics two light sources including a dimmer steady state light and a brighter PAM actinic
light.

US Pat. No. 9,146,180

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR LASER ASSISTED SAMPLE TRANSFER TO SOLUTION FOR CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of extracting an analyte from a specimen, comprising:
providing a specimen having a specimen surface;
providing a solvent dispensing and extraction system including a surface sampling probe for dispensing and extracting a solvent
solution to and from the specimen surface so as to directly contact the specimen surface with solvent solution and form a
continuous flowing liquid microjunction between the specimen surface and the probe;

directing a laser beam to ablate a portion of the analyte from the specimen;
capturing the ablated analyte after exposure to said laser beam in the solvent in the liquid microjunction; and,
extracting the analyte-containing solvent from the specimen surface.

US Pat. No. 9,132,405

METHOD OF SYNTHESIZING SILICA NANOFIBERS USING SOUND WAVES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of forming silica nanofibers comprising:
adding water, sodium citrate, ethanol, and ammonium hydroxide to a solution of polyvinyl pyrrolidone to form a first mixture;
adding tetraethyl orthosilicate to the first mixture to form a second mixture; and
sonicating the second mixture to synthesize a plurality of silica nanofibers having an average cross-sectional diameter of
not more than 70 nm.

US Pat. No. 9,333,067

REMOTE ACTUATED VALVE IMPLANT

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A thermally actuated valve comprising:
a tubing comprising an interior sidewall defining a lumen therethrough;
a thermally responsive polymer arranged within the lumen of the tubing; and
a thermal actuating element arranged to the thermally responsive polymer and within the lumen of the tubing, wherein the thermal
actuating element comprises:

a coil wire and a resistance heater electrically connected to the coil wire, wherein in response to an external electric field,
a current is induced in the coil wire to power the resistance heater to heat the thermally responsive polymer to switch the
thermally responsive polymer between at least a swollen state within the lumen of the tubing and a shrunken state within the
lumen of the tubing to vary a flow rate of fluid through the lumen.

US Pat. No. 9,278,892

CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF ALCOHOLS TO HYDROCARBONS WITH LOW BENZENE CONTENT

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A catalyst composition for converting an alcohol to a hydrocarbon, the catalyst composition comprising a mixture of (i)
a vanadium-loaded pentasil zeolite catalyst catalytically active for converting said alcohol to said hydrocarbon, and (ii)
a benzene alkylation catalyst selected from zeolite Y, mordenite, and MCM catalysts active for alkylating benzene.

US Pat. No. 9,239,277

MATERIAL MECHANICAL CHARACTERIZATION METHOD FOR MULTIPLE STRAINS AND STRAIN RATES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A man-made specimen for measuring behavior of a material under multiple strain rates with only a single strain test comprising:
a man-made body having a first end, a second end and a gage region disposed between the first end and the second end, wherein
the body has a central, longitudinal axis passing through the first end and the second end, wherein the man-made body consists
essentially of the same material throughout; and

wherein the gage region comprises:
a first gage section, having a first length along the central, longitudinal axis, and a second gage section, having a second
length along the central, longitudinal axis, wherein the first gage section defines a first constant cross-sectional area
along the first length that is defined by a first plane that extends through the first gage section and is perpendicular to
the central, longitudinal axis and the second gage section defines a second constant cross-sectional area along the second
length that is defined by a second plane that extends through the second gage section and is perpendicular to the central,
longitudinal axis, wherein the first gage section and the second gage section are connected to one another by a step portion
that has a non-linear profile as viewed along a direction perpendicular to the central, longitudinal axis; and

a third gage section, having a third length along the central, longitudinal axis, wherein the third gage section defines a
third constant cross-sectional area along the third length that is defined by a third plane that extends through the third
gage section and is perpendicular to the central, longitudinal axis, wherein the first cross-sectional area, the second cross-sectional
area and the third cross-sectional area are each unequal in size with one another.

US Pat. No. 9,190,697

SOLID LITHIUM ION CONDUCTING ELECTROLYTES AND METHODS OF PREPARATION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A composition comprised of nanoparticles of lithium ion conducting solid oxide material, wherein the lithium ion conducting
solid oxide material is an oxide composition comprised of lithium ions, and at least one type of metal ion selected from pentavalent
metal ions and trivalent lanthanide metal ions, wherein said nanoparticles have an average diameter of up to 5 nm.

US Pat. No. 9,135,440

STATISTICAL FINGERPRINTING FOR MALWARE DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system that determines if malware exists in a computing architecture with an unknown pedigree comprising:
a first computing device having a known pedigree and operating free of malware, the first computing device operating a known
software application that comprises a series of instrumented functions that, when executed, provide a statistical baseline
time that is representative of the time it takes the software application to run on a computing device having a known pedigree
and operating free of malware; and

a second computing device having an unknown pedigree and with the potential of operating with malware, the second computing
device operating the known software application that further comprises a series of instrumented functions that, when executed,
provides an actual time that is representative of the time the known software application runs on the second computing device
having an unknown pedigree and operating with the potential of operating with malware;

where the instrumented functions are injected into the known software application through a code injection that facilitates
accessing a plurality of subroutines that is shared by a plurality of software applications; and

where the difference in times between the statistical baseline time and the actual time identifies a malware status of the
second machine.

US Pat. No. 9,044,299

MICROFABRICATED INSTRUMENTS AND METHODS TO TREAT RECURRENT CORNEAL EROSIONS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of treating recurrent corneal erosion comprising:
contacting an epithelium layer of a cornea with an array of solid glass micro-rods including a plurality of sharp features
having a penetrating length ranging from 10 microns to 20 microns that penetrates a Bowman's layer of the eye, wherein the
plurality of sharp features of the array of micro-rods produces a plurality of punctures in at least the Bowman's layer of
the eye with a puncture diameter ranging from 1 micron to 10 microns.

US Pat. No. 9,352,981

HARVESTING CONTAMINANTS FROM LIQUID

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An apparatus comprising:
a first vessel including
an inlet for accepting a contaminated liquid, the contaminated liquid comprising a contaminant,
a first surface coated with a first layer of superhydrophobic material adapted to prevent the contaminated liquid and the
contaminant from adhering to the first surface, and

an outlet for allowing a vapor to escape the first vessel;
an electrical heating element coupled to the first vessel and adapted to heat the contaminated liquid;
a condensing circuit coupled to the outlet of the first vessel, arranged to accept the vapor, and adapted to condense the
vapor to a condensed liquid; and

a second vessel coupled to the condensing circuit, and arranged to accept the condensed liquid, the condensed liquid comprising
less of the contaminant than the contaminated liquid, the second vessel having a second surface coated with a second layer
of superhydrophobic material adapted to prevent the contaminated liquid and the contaminant from adhering to the second surface.

US Pat. No. 9,176,028

BALL ASSISTED DEVICE FOR ANALYTICAL SURFACE SAMPLING

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for sampling a surface, comprising a sampling probe comprising a housing and a socket, and a rolling sampling
sphere engaged in the socket, the housing having a sampling fluid supply conduit and a sampling fluid exhaust conduit, the
sampling fluid supply conduit supplying sampling fluid to the sampling sphere, the sampling fluid exhaust conduit having an
inlet opening for receiving sampling fluid carried from the surface by the sampling sphere, the inlet opening being spaced
from the sampling sphere, the space providing a direct fluid flow path between the supply conduit, the sampling sphere, and
the inlet opening, and further comprising at least one pump for continuously moving sampling fluid through the sampling fluid
supply conduit to the sampling sphere and through the sampling fluid exhaust conduit, a portion of the fluid moving out of
the housing with the sampling sphere to contact the surface and a portion of the fluid flowing through the direct fluid flow
path, whereby fluid flowing through the direct fluid flow path will remove sample from the rolling sampling sphere and carry
the sample to the exhaust conduit inlet opening.

US Pat. No. 9,093,186

ADAPTORS FOR RADIATION DETECTORS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A device comprising:
a non-transparent adaptor for a radiation detector, the adapter configured to: collimate radiation passing through the adapter
from an external radiation source to the radiation detector; and

enclose a radiation source inside of the adapter to allow the radiation detector to measure radiation from the enclosed radiation
source.

US Pat. No. 9,059,079

PROCESSING OF INSULATORS AND SEMICONDUCTORS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for processing an insulator material or a semiconductor material, comprising the steps of:
placing the material into a vessel;
introducing a first substance into the vessel;
pulsing a plasma lamp onto the material in the presence of the first substance to treat a large area of the material with
the first substance;

introducing a second substance into the vessel;
pulsing a laser onto a selected region of the material to treat a selected area of the material with the second substance;
and

removing the treated material from the vessel.

US Pat. No. 9,506,953

HIGH SPEED HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE HIGH ACCURACY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A measuring system comprising:
a passive device configured to emulate a bandpass filter with substantially no reflections and receive a charged beam electrical
current; and

a directional coupler coupled to the passive device that couples the charged beam electrical current passing through an input
of the directional coupler to a plurality of measuring circuits;

where each of the measuring circuits includes an amplifier that multiples the charged beam electrical current to logarithm
of the charged beam electrical current's amplitude.

US Pat. No. 9,097,738

BAND EXCITATION METHOD APPLICABLE TO SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPY

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method, comprising:
generating an excitation signal having finite and predefined amplitude and phase spectrum in at least a first predefined frequency
band;

exciting a probe based on the excitation signal;
measuring a response of the probe in at least a second predefined frequency band; and
adjusting the excitation signal based on the measured response.

US Pat. No. 9,245,671

ELECTRICALLY ISOLATED, HIGH MELTING POINT, METAL WIRE ARRAYS AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

7. A method of making a wire array device, comprising steps of:
providing a tube of a sealing material, the tube having an interior surface;
positioning a wire in the tube, the wire having an exterior surface, wherein the wire has a melting point higher than a melting
point of the sealing material;

heating and softening the tube and drawing the softened tube to bring the interior surface of the tube into contact with the
exterior surface of the wire to create a coated wire;

bundling a plurality of the coated wire to form bundled coated wires comprising voids between the coated wires;
heating the bundled coated wires to fuse the sealing material coating the wire and remove the voids between the coated wire
to create a solid fused rod with an array of the wire embedded therein;

further comprising a step of removing end portions of the sealing material to expose end portions of the wires, wherein portions
of the exposed wires are removed to form a pointed end, and wherein the pointed wires are bent such that an axis of the pointed
end is at least 30 degrees from the axis of the wire, to make the wire array device.

US Pat. No. 9,127,295

MICROBIAL-MEDIATED METHOD FOR METAL OXIDE NANOPARTICLE FORMATION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for producing metal oxide nanoparticles, the method comprising:
(i) subjecting a combination of reaction components to conditions conducive to microbial-mediated formation of metal oxide
nanoparticles, wherein said combination of reaction components comprises: metal-reducing microbes; a culture medium suitable
for sustaining said metal-reducing microbes; trifluoroacetic acid in a concentration of at least 200 mg/L and up to 1000 mg/L
that achieves separation of said metal oxide particles from said metal-reducing microbes; a reducible metal oxide component
containing at least one reducible metal species; and at least one electron donor that provides donatable electrons to said
metal-reducing microbes during consumption of the electron donor by said metal-reducing microbes, to form metal oxide nanoparticles
detached from said metal-reducing microbes, wherein said metal oxide nanoparticles contain a reduced form of said reducible
metal oxide component; and

(ii) isolating said metal oxide nanoparticles from other reaction components.
US Pat. No. 9,434,658

CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF ALCOHOLS TO HYDROCARBONS WITH LOW BENZENE CONTENT

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for converting an alcohol to a hydrocarbon fraction having a lowered benzene content, the method comprising: converting
said alcohol to an initial hydrocarbon fraction containing a blend of alkanes having at least four carbon atoms and benzene
by contacting said alcohol, under conditions suitable for converting said alcohol to said initial hydrocarbon fraction, with
a metal-loaded zeolite catalyst catalytically active for converting said alcohol to said initial hydrocarbon fraction, and
contacting said initial hydrocarbon fraction with a benzene alkylation catalyst, under conditions that form a further processed
hydrocarbon fraction containing alkylated benzene product in addition to said blend of alkanes having at least four carbon
atoms.

US Pat. No. 9,140,633

ENHANCED SPOT PREPARATION FOR LIQUID EXTRACTIVE SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for performing surface sampling of a sample containing an analyte, comprising the steps of:
combining the analyte with a matrix material in a solvent for the analyte and for the matrix material to produce an analyte-matrix
material solution where the matrix material is at least in a molar excess 10 times greater than the analyte;

placing the analyte-matrix material solution on a support;
removing the solvent to solidify the analyte and matrix material on the support, such that analyte-analyte interactions are
prevented and the analyte can be re-solubilized for further analysis; and,

surface sampling the solidified analyte and matrix material, comprising the step of flowing solvent onto the solidified analyte
and matrix material with a surface sampling probe and removing the analyte-matrix material solution with the surface sampling
probe.

US Pat. No. 9,359,695

LIGNIN-BASED ACTIVE ANODE MATERIALS SYNTHESIZED FROM LOW-COST RENEWABLE RESOURCES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making an anode, comprising the steps of:
providing fibers from a carbonaceous precursor, the carbonaceous fibers having a glass transition temperature Tg;

placing the carbonaceous fibers into a layered fiber mat;
fusing the fiber mat by heating the fiber mat to a temperature above the Tg but no more than 20% above the Tg, wherein the temperature is sufficient to fuse fibers together at high energy fiber to fiber contact points and without melting
the bulk fiber mat, to create a fused fiber mat;

carbonizing the fused fiber mat by heating the fused fiber mat to at least 650° C. under an inert atmosphere to create a carbonized
fused fiber mat.

US Pat. No. 9,320,179

GAS COOLED TRACTION DRIVE INVERTER

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

10. A system of circuit cards in a gas-cooled inverter comprising:
the circuit cards are in a spaced apart configuration, each of the circuit cards being a modular circuit card adapted to form
a part of the system of the circuit cards in the gas-cooled inverter, and the modular circuit card being interchangeable with
others of the circuit cards of the system, wherein the system of circuit cards produces an output; and

a plurality of card housings forming part of an enclosure, the plurality of card housings being stacked directly alongside
one another, each of the card housings supporting the modular circuit card, wherein the plurality of card housings are adapted
to dissipate heat from the modular circuit cards in response to gas flowing through each of the plurality of card housings.

US Pat. No. 9,297,828

HIGH HEATING RATE THERMAL DESORPTION FOR MOLECULAR SURFACE SAMPLING

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

20. A system for collecting a sample having at least one thermally labile analyte, comprising:
a tip having a resistive heating device heating the tip at a rate of at least 106 K/s to thermally desorb the at least one thermally labile analyte from the sample;

a drive for placing the tip into and out of contact with the surface; and,
means for collecting the thermally labile analyte.

US Pat. No. 9,300,009

ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITIONS FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An ionic liquid of the general formula Y+T?, wherein Y+ is a positively-charged component of the ionic liquid and Z? is a negatively-charged component of the ionic liquid, wherein Z? has a composition of the following formula:

wherein R28, R29, R30, and R31 are independently selected from H, F, hydrocarbon groups R attaching to the shown boron atom by a carbon atom, and alkoxy
groups —OR, wherein at least one of R30 and R31 is F, and R28 and R29 can optionally interconnect to form a boron-containing ring;

provided that, if R28 and R29 interconnect, then the ionic liquid has the formula:


wherein R32 and R33 are independently selected from H, F, hydrocarbon groups R, and alkoxy groups —OR, wherein at least one of R32 and R33 is F.

US Pat. No. 9,260,326

SELECTIVE OXOANION SEPARATION USING A TRIPODAL LIGAND

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

23. A composition comprising a complex represented by the formula Na2(anion)(L1)2(H2O)4 or K2(anion)(L1)2(H2O)2, wherein anion is a tetrahedral divalent oxoanion, and L1 is (N-[2-[bis[2-[N?-(3-pyridyl)ureido]ethyl]-amino]ethyl]-N?-(3-pyridyl)urea),
wherein said composition lacks divalent metal cations.

US Pat. No. 9,256,649

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF FILTERING AND RECOMMENDING DOCUMENTS

UT-Battelle LLC, Oak Rid...

1. A computer programmed with a series of instructions that, when executed by a processor, cause the computer to perform the
method steps comprising:
obtaining a keyword index for a plurality of source documents;
obtaining a seed document;
generating a seed document vector with a plurality of weighted terms using term frequency-inverse corpus frequency weighting;
determining a plurality of significant search terms from the plurality of weighted terms;
filtering the significant search terms found in the keyword index to retain only the significant search terms that occur in
less than a predetermined measure of the total number of source documents to define an initial subset of source documents;

generating initial subset vectors and comparing each of the initial subset vectors to the seed document vector to obtain a
similarity value for each comparison;

recommending one or more of the source documents from the initial subset based on the similarity value;
wherein recommending one or more of the source documents includes generating secondary subset vectors using term frequency-inverse
corpus frequency weighting;

comparing each secondary subset vector to the seed document vector, and recording a vector similarity value and a number of
common terms for each comparison, thereby creating a recommendation set;

generating recommendation set vectors using term frequency-inverse corpus frequency weighting;
comparing each of the recommendation set vectors to the seed document vector to obtain a similarity value for each comparison;
sorting the similarity values;
selecting source documents based on a predetermined measure of similarity values;
rejecting source documents having less than a predetermined measure of common terms relative to the seed document; and
displaying one or more of the source documents.

US Pat. No. 9,221,351

REGULATION CONTROL AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT SCHEME FOR WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for wireless power transmission, said system comprising:
a primary circuit including a grid converter and a primary coil located in a primary pad;
a secondary circuit located in a vehicle and comprising a secondary coil, a current rectification circuit connected to said
secondary coil, and a battery connected to said current rectification circuit;

a battery management system configured to measure at least one parameter of said battery;
a vehicle-side communication means configured to transmit information on said at least one parameter of said battery, wherein
said at least one parameter is a measure of an effective resistance of said battery as seen by said primary circuit;

an output voltage controller configured to control an alternating current (AC) output voltage of said grid converter based
on information derived from said at least one parameter of said battery, wherein said information derived from said at least
one parameter of said battery comprises a target value for each of one or more waveform parameters of said AC output voltage;
and

a computation means configured to generate said one or more target values from said at least one parameter of said battery.

US Pat. No. 9,319,421

REAL-TIME DETECTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF ANOMALOUS EVENTS IN STREAMING DATA

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of detecting and classifying anomalous events,
comprising:
receiving an input log file including a plurality of events, wherein each event comprises a data set;
for each event, providing multiple contexts that group the data set into different sub-groups, wherein one or more anomaly
detectors are coupled to each context;

generating an anomaly score for each context by using each context's one or more anomaly detectors, so that each event is
associated with at least two anomaly scores generated for different contexts;

for each event, combining at least the at least two anomaly scores generated for different contexts to generate an overall
event score so as to classify the event as being normal or abnormal, wherein combining the anomaly score for each context
further includes using domain knowledge in the combination, wherein the using domain knowledge includes modifying functions
used in the combination based on whether the event is targeting a protected resource, whether the event violates a network
rule, and/or whether a role of a network machine associated with the event is unexpected; and

outputting a plurality of the overall event scores for the input log file, wherein the outputting includes:
displaying the events as dots that travel across a display in time steps as the events are being received as streaming data,
and

displaying at least one anomaly score and a maliciousness score associated with each event.

US Pat. No. 9,267,851

SINGLE-CONTACT TUNNELING THERMOMETRY

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of single-contact tunneling thermometry, the method comprising:
in a circuit including a first object comprising a conductor, a second object that comprises a conductive test subject, and
a junction formed in series between the first object and the second object, wherein the junction is a nanoscale tunnel junction:

applying an alternating voltage across the tunnel junction between the first object and the second object and determining
a target alternating voltage applied across the tunnel junction wherein a magnitude of the target alternating voltage is indicated
by a measured voltage across the tunnel junction or a measured current crossing the tunnel junction; and

determining temperature difference information across the tunnel junction based on a relationship between the magnitude of
the target alternating voltage applied across the tunnel junction and the temperature difference information across the tunnel
junction.

US Pat. No. 9,096,955

METHOD FOR THE PREPARATION OF CARBON FIBER FROM POLYOLEFIN FIBER PRECURSOR, AND CARBON FIBERS MADE THEREBY

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for the preparation of carbon fiber from polyolefin fiber precursor, the method comprising partially sulfonating
said polyolefin fiber precursor to produce a partially sulfonated polyolefin fiber, and subjecting said partially sulfonated
polyolefin fiber to carbonization conditions to produce said carbon fiber, wherein partial sulfonation of said polyolefin
precursor fiber produces a surface-sulfonated polyolefin fiber by sulfonating a surface layer of said polyolefin fiber precursor
while leaving a core portion of said polyolefin fiber precursor unsulfonated, wherein subsequent carbonization volatilizes
the unsulfonated core portion and carbonizes the surface-sulfonated portion to produce a hollow carbon fiber.

US Pat. No. 9,340,461

METHOD OF MAKING CONTROLLED MORPHOLOGY METAL-OXIDES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making metal oxides having a preselected morphology comprising the steps of:
a. preparing an aqueous suspension comprising water, polymeric nanostructures having multiplicities of surface groups including
at least one surface group selected from the group consisting of a hydroxyl surface group and a carboxyl surface group, and
a metal oxide precursor, said suspension having a preselected ratio of said polymeric nanostructures to said metal oxide precursor
of at least 1:3, said preselected ratio corresponding to a preselected morphology;

b. depositing said suspension onto a substrate;
c. removing said water to form a film;
d. removing said film from said substrate; and
e. annealing said film to volatilize said polymeric nanostructures and convert said metal oxide precursor to at least one
metal oxide selected from the group consisting of metal oxide nanoparticles having said preselected morphology and a metal
oxide nanosheet comprising conjoined nanoparticles having said preselected morphology.

US Pat. No. 9,289,820

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISPERSING PARTICLES IN A MOLTEN MATERIAL WITHOUT USING A MOLD

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

11. A method of dispersing particles in a molten material in a mold-less casting process, the method comprising:
forming a molten mass of material unsupported by a mold or other solid body, the material including a plurality of particles
dispersed therein;

applying a gradient electromagnetic pressure and an oscillatory electromagnetic pressure to the molten mass of material, the
gradient electromagnetic pressure being non-oscillatory and being varied over at least a portion of the molten mass, thereby
constraining the molten mass of material to a predetermined shape while the oscillatory electromagnetic pressure promotes
mixing of the particles in the molten mass; and

solidifying the molten mass of material, thereby forming a particle-reinforced casting with enhanced surface and/or bulk properties.

US Pat. No. 9,158,008

HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION PARTICLE DETECTORS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method, comprising:
partially doping end portions of optical fibers to a dopant depth with one or more doping agents, the one or more doping agents
and the dopant depth being selected to scintillate with and improve detection of a target particle type at the partially doped
end portions when the one or more doping agents are activated by the target particle type, to reduce sensitivity to false
target particles or background noise, and to improve spatial resolution and reduce light dispersion by integrating scintillation
regions for the target particle type into the optical fibers;

performing an annealing process on at least a portion of the partially doped end portions of the optical fibers; and
depositing a coating over the end portions of the optical fibers, the partially doped end portions of the optical fibers and
the coating together forming a detection surface of a fiber optic face plate;

wherein the doping agents are ions and wherein the partially doping comprises:
implanting the ions into the end portions of the optical fibers; and
varying an implantation energy so that the implanted ions have the dopant depth in the end portions of the optical fibers
selected to scintillate with and improve detection of the target particle type.

US Pat. No. 9,080,229

NANO-COMPOSITE STAINLESS STEEL

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A composite stainless steel composition consisting essentially of, in terms of wt. % ranges: 25 to 28 Cr; 11 to 13 Ni;
7 to 8 W; 3.5 to 4 Mo; 3 to 3.5 B; 2 to 2.5 Mn; 1 to 1.5 Si; 0.3 to 1.7 C; up to 2 O; and balance Fe, said composite stainless
steel composition having an austenitic matrix phase and a particulate, crystalline dispersed phase.

US Pat. No. 9,447,205

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE PLASMA PROCESSING OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS UTILIZING CLOSE PROXIMITY INDIRECT EXPOSURE

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for plasma stabilization and oxidation of a polymeric workpiece, the method comprising:
providing a treatment chamber including an intermediate heating volume and an interior treatment volume, wherein the interior
treatment volume contains an electrode assembly for generating a plasma and the intermediate heating volume heats the interior
treatment volume; traversing said polymeric workpiece through the interior treatment volume, provided that said polymeric
workpiece is in an indirect close proximity of 1 to 30 cm from said electrode assembly, and said polymeric workpiece is comprised
of a polymeric material; introducing an oxygen-containing process gas to the interior treatment volume of the treatment chamber;
and

forming the plasma with the electrode assembly from the oxygen-containing process gas in said interior treatment volume, wherein
a reactive species of the plasma is accelerated towards the polymeric workpiece by flow vortices produced in the interior
treatment volume, wherein said flow vortices result from an asymmetrical electric field gradient produced by an asymmetrical
electrode geometry, and wherein said plasma stabilization and oxidation results in at least oxidation and crosslinking of
the polymeric workpiece through the interior region of the polymeric workpiece.

US Pat. No. 9,250,162

DIRECT IMPACT AEROSOL SAMPLING BY ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

17. A method of collecting at least one aerosol sample comprising:
providing an electrostatic aerosol sampling apparatus comprising:
a chamber including a cavity configured to allow an air flow therethrough
at least one corona wire located within said cavity;
a plurality of grounded sample collection plates disposed downstream of a portion of said at least one corona wire;
a high voltage application circuitry configured to generate a corona between said at least one corona wire and said at least
one grounded sample collection plate; and

at least one means for inducing an air flow through said cavity; and
inducing accumulation of an aerosol material on said at plurality of grounded sample collection plates by causing air to pass
through said cavity employing said at least one means for inducing said air flow while a corona is present between said at
least one corona wire and each of said at least one grounded sample collection plate, wherein said method further comprises
collecting a plurality of aerosol samples including different materials caused by different degrees of ionization of materials
in said air flow.

US Pat. No. 9,171,085

PERSONALIZED PROFESSIONAL CONTENT RECOMMENDATION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of providing personalized content recommendations, comprising:
at an electronic device comprising a processor and a memory storing instructions for execution by the processor performing
the acts comprising:

automatically monitoring a user's information stream to identify a user's interest in a topic from a range of data sources
through a publicly accessible distributed network;

automatically generating a content signature that includes semantically salient content elements from the monitored user's
information, a network address to the monitored user's information that the semantically salient content is based upon, and
a plurality of densities of topics embodied in the salient content elements;

automatically generating a personal interest profile from the monitored user information and storing the personal interest
profile in a memory of the computing device, the memory stored with user's preferences based on a plurality of monitored behaviors;

filtering items in an information stream with the personal interest profile and the content signatures; and
transmitting only those items of information that match the user's personal interest profile to the user.
US Pat. No. 9,249,442

CONSOLIDATED BIOPROCESSING METHOD USING THERMOPHILIC MICROORGANISMS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of converting biomass to biofuel which comprises co-culturing in a fermentation reactor biomass with a first cellulolytic,
thermophilic microorganism and a second hemicellulolytic, extremely thermophilic, xylose-fermenting microorganism for a time
and under conditions sufficient to ferment hexose and pentose sugars which are produced as said biomass is hydrolyzed and
converted to biofuel and to ferment said sugars at a substrate conversion rate of at least 50% over a period of about 50 to
about 150 hours, wherein said first microorganism is Clostridium thermocellum and said second microorganism is Caldicellulosiruptor obsidiansis and said co-culturing is conducted at 60° C.

US Pat. No. 9,194,799

IMAGING BASED REFRACTOMETERS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A refractometer for multi-wavelength measurement of refractive index of a sample, comprising:
a focusing optical system configured to direct an optical beam that includes a range of wavelengths to be incident on an interface
between the sample and a prism at a range of angles of incidence including a critical angle, wherein the focusing optical
system is configured to produce a linear illumination pattern at the interface so that the wavelength of light of the linear
illumination pattern varies as a function of distance along the linear illumination pattern; and

a dispersive optical system configured to spectrally spread the optical beam so that the range of wavelengths and the critical
angle are independently detectable;

wherein the refractometer is configured so that at least portions of the optical beam are totally internally reflected within
the prism at a first reflection area and at least portions of the optical beam are totally internally reflected within the
prism at a second reflection area.

US Pat. No. 9,147,505

LARGE AREA CONTROLLED ASSEMBLY OF TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE NETWORKS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A device comprising:
a plurality of superhydrophobic features and interfacial areas between the superhydrophobic features, the plurality of superhydrophobic
features having a water contact angle of at least about 150°; and

a conductive network of particulate nanomaterials disposed on the interfacial areas and divided by the superhydrophobic features,
the conductive network comprising a plurality of conductive lines of the particulate nanomaterials formed in a single individual
interfacial area between two adjacent superhydrophobic features.

US Pat. No. 9,504,973

EMAT ENHANCED DISPERSION OF PARTICLES IN LIQUID

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An electromagnetic acoustic transduction (EMAT) system for dispersing particles in a fluid material, the system comprising:
an electrically conductive chamber that is configured to hold a sample as it is mixed by EMAT force, the sample including
a first material in a fluid state and a second material that includes particulate matter;

a primary coil wrapped around the chamber, wherein the chamber and the primary coil are coaxial;
a secondary coil comprising a bore of a magnet, wherein the chamber and the primary coil are situated within the secondary
coil in the bore of the magnet and the secondary coil is coaxial with at least a portion of the chamber and a corresponding
portion of the primary coil;

wherein the primary coil, the secondary coil and the electrically conductive chamber generate the EMAT force that spatially
disperses the second material in at least a portion of the first material until a spatial distribution of the second material
in the at least a portion of the first material enables a quality of the sample to meet specified criteria.

US Pat. No. 9,195,795

IDENTIFICATION AND MODIFICATION OF DYNAMICAL REGIONS IN PROTEINS FOR ALTERATION OF ENZYME CATALYTIC EFFECT

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A modified protein comprising:
a prototype protein that mediates a reaction, wherein the prototype protein includes a dynamically active residue located
outside of an active site of said prototype protein and located within a region with large conformational fluctuations in
protein vibration modes that are prevalent during a catalytic reaction; and

an activator attached to said dynamically active residue through a covalent bond, wherein said activator comprises a photo-activated
group for transferring kinetic enemy to said active site, wherein said activator comprises an azobenzene group that induces
a mechanical change in a surface loop region in said prototype protein

wherein attachment of said activator increases a chemical reaction rate for said mediated reaction of said prototype protein
relative to said chemical reaction rate of said mediated reaction for said prototype protein in the absence of said activator,

wherein the attachment of said activator to said dynamically active residue through a covalent bond changes the dynamical
properties of said prototype protein by increasing a magnitude of atomic displacement of atoms in a protein vibration mode
of said prototype protein, thereby increasing the chemical reaction rate for said mediated reaction of said prototype protein.

US Pat. No. 9,158,871

GRAPH MODELING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An apparatus for modeling a physical network, comprising:
a processor operable to execute preprogrammed instructions; and
a memory operable to store computer programmed instructions executable by the processor for performing the steps of:
constructing a model including:
a plurality of terminating vertices representing network nodes, a plurality of edges interconnecting the plurality of vertices
representing a plurality of transmission paths between the network nodes, and a non-terminating vertex on at least one of
the plurality of edges representing a non-nodal vulnerability of the network, the non-nodal vulnerability being an intermediate
element along at least one of the plurality of transmission paths; and

performing a vulnerability analysis utilizing the constructed model.

US Pat. No. 9,159,209

CONDUCTIVE FABRIC SEAL

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for monitoring the condition of an article comprising the steps of:
a. affixing a covering made of a substrate that is coated with a layer of an electrically conductive material and forming
a single electrically conductive surface that extends over the entire covering and has an electrical resistance, said covering
being configured to at least partially encapsulate the article such that the article cannot be tampered with, without modifying
the electrical resistance of said covering;

b. producing an analog voltage value (VG) with a sensing device that is affixed to the electrically conductive surface of said covering;

c. converting the analog voltage value (VG) into a digital voltage value (VG) with a data acquisition system;

d. calculating a measured resistance RX from the digital voltage value (VG), the power supply (Vin) and known resistances (R1), (R2) and (R3) according to the equation RX=(R2*R3+R3*(R1+R2)VG/Vin)/(R1?(R1+R2)*VG/Vin) with a monitoring system;

e. comparing the measured resistance (RX) to a known, nominal resistance (Rnominal) with the monitoring system; and

f. generating an alert with a signaling means if the measured resistance (RX) is greater than the known, nominal resistance (Rnominal).

US Pat. No. 9,097,647

METHOD FOR USING POLARIZATION GATING TO MEASURE A SCATTERING SAMPLE

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An optical system for inspecting a sample, comprising:
an input polarizer situated to receive an optical beam, produce a polarized input optical beam, and direct the polarized input
beam to the sample;

an output polarizer situated to receive the polarized input optical beam from the sample and form an output optical beam;
a photodetector situated to receive the output optical beam; and
a photodetector processor coupled to the photodetector and configured to provide an output value based on a comparison of
a photosignal from the photodetector and a predetermined reference value, wherein the photosignal from the photodetector is
a photocurrent, the photodetector processor is configured to combine an offset current with the photocurrent to form an output
current, the reference value is associated with the output current, and wherein the output value is associated with a degree
of polarization of the output optical beam.

US Pat. No. 9,390,901

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LIQUID EXTRACTION ELECTROSPRAY-ASSISTED SAMPLE TRANSFER TO SOLUTION FOR CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for sampling a surface, comprising:
a surface sampling probe comprising a solvent liquid supply conduit and a distal end;
a sample collector for suspending a sample collection liquid adjacent to the distal end of the surface sampling probe;
a first electrode for providing a first voltage to solvent liquid at the distal end of the surface sampling probe, the first
voltage producing a field sufficient to generate an electrospray at the distal end of the surface sampling probe;

a second electrode for providing a second voltage, the second electrode being positioned to produce an electrospray plume
directing field sufficient to direct electrosprayed droplets and ions at the distal end of the surface sampling probe to the
suspended sample collection liquid, the second voltage being less than the first voltage in absolute value; and a voltage
supply system for supplying the voltages to the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 9,378,256

INDUSTRIAL GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS TOOL FOR ENERGY EVALUATION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An industrial analytic system that processes industrial data comprising:
a database engine that provides access to a plurality of database management systems that serve energy consumption data and
product sales data;

a microprocessor and memory rendering:
an input filter that selectively passes filtered data streams from the plurality of database management systems that comprise
energy sales data, location data, and a business classification code data in filtered datasets by removing selected datasets
that do not include energy information;

a standard deviation filter that removes second selected datasets from the filtered datasets that fall outside of a predetermined
range based on a modeled error and automatically inserting datasets associated with the standard industrial classification
in place of the second selected datasets to render second filtered datasets; and

a computation model in communication with the standard deviation filter that analyzes correlation between electrical energy
consumption represented in the second filtered datasets and a predetermined criteria associated with an industry; and

a mobile server in communication with the computation model and a plurality of requesting mobile devices through a distributed
network, the mobile server identifies requesting mobile devices and requesting mobile devices' operating systems in communication
with the mobile server from mobile-side data, adapts code and functionality of an energy consumption model generated by the
computation model to the operating systems and functionalities of each of the requesting mobile devices and transmits the
adapted code and functionality to the requesting mobile devices.

US Pat. No. 9,308,501

SUPER-SURFACE SELECTIVE NANOMEMBRANES PROVIDING SIMULTANEOUS HIGH PERMEATION FLUX AND HIGH SELECTIVITY

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A membrane structure comprising:
a porous support substrate
wherein the porous support substrate has a plurality of nanochannels,
wherein each of the plurality of nanochannels has a diameter of from 1 to 1000 nm,
wherein at least 50% of the plurality of nanochannels are oriented in a common direction,
wherein the common direction is parallel with a line intersecting the porous support substrate at an angle; and
a membrane layer adherently disposed on and in contact with the porous support substrate,
wherein the membrane layer comprises a nanoporous material having a superhydrophobic surface,
wherein the superhydrophobic surface comprises a textured surface, and a modifying material disposed on the textured surface,
wherein the modifying material is selected from the group consisting of an organic material, a polymeric material, and combinations
thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,291,609

SENSOR SYSTEM FOR FUEL TRANSPORT VEHICLE

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A sensor system for a fuel transport vehicle, the system comprising:
a fuel marker sensor positioned along a flow pathway between a fuel storage chamber of a fuel transport vehicle and an access
valve for the fuel storage chamber, the fuel marker sensor configured to measure one or more characteristics of one or more
fuel markers in fuel adjacent the fuel marker sensor.

US Pat. No. 9,285,279

ELECTRONIC THERMOMETRY IN TUNABLE TUNNEL JUNCTION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of variable width tunnel junction thermometry, the method comprising:
in a circuit including a first object comprising a conductor, a second object comprising a conductive test subject and a tunnel
junction formed in a nanoscale gap spanning a distance from the first object to the second object, wherein the distance across
the tunnel junction from the first object to the second object is varied by varying a position of the first object or the
second object:

determining a change in thermovoltage across the tunnel junction with respect to a change in the distance across the tunnel
junction from the first object to the second object by taking measurements while varying the distance across the tunnel junction
from the first object to the second object;

determining a change in biased current crossing the tunnel junction with respect to a change in the distance across the tunnel
junction by taking measurements while varying the distance from the first object to the second object; and

determining a temperature difference between the first object and the second object based on a relationship between the temperature
difference, the change in thermovoltage across the tunnel junction with respect to the change in distance across the tunnel
junction and the change in biased current crossing the tunnel junction with respect to the change in distance across tunnel
junction.

US Pat. No. 9,194,798

IMAGING BASED REFRACTOMETER FOR HYPERSPECTRAL REFRACTIVE INDEX DETECTION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A refractometer for multi-wavelength measurement of refractive index of a sample, comprising:
a dispersive optical system comprising a diffraction grating configured to spectrally spread an optical beam that includes
a range of wavelengths by imposing a wavelength dependent angular dispersion along a first axis and a first cylindrical lens
configured to collimate the spectrally spread optical beam along the first axis to produce a collimated spectrally spread
optical beam; and

a focusing optical system configured to direct the collimated spectrally spread optical beam to be incident on an interface
between the sample and a prism at a range of angles of incidence including a critical angle and further configured to focus
the collimated spectrally spread optical beam along a second axis substantially perpendicular to the first axis so as to establish
the range of angles of incidence and to produce a linear illumination pattern at the interface, wherein the linear illumination
pattern is substantially parallel to the first axis and the wavelength of light of the linear illumination pattern varies
as a function of distance along the first axis.

US Pat. No. 9,122,603

FAILURE DETECTION IN HIGH-PERFORMANCE CLUSTERS AND COMPUTERS USING CHAOTIC MAP COMPUTATIONS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A failure detection system comprising:
an exascale machine comprising a supercomputer or a cluster capable of executing at least one exaFLOPS;
a plurality of processors that comprise part of the exascale machine programmed to execute a programming thread that generates
one or more chaotic map trajectories;

where at least one of the plurality of processors is further programmed to detect a component failure through an automated
comparison of signal trajectories generated by a plurality of chaotic maps; and

where processing threads are inserted into application code that traces the execution paths of at least one tracer code.

US Pat. No. 9,436,436

SELF-CORRECTING RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An adaptive random number generator comprising:
a quantum preparation unit configured to generate one or more quantum physical entities, the quantum preparation unit including
a quantum preparation control unit configured to control, based on feedback, one or more operating parameters of the quantum
preparation unit to affect generation of the one or more quantum physical entities;

an analysis unit operably coupled to the quantum preparation unit, the analysis unit configured to generate an indirect measurement
of the one or more quantum physical entities without collapsing a quantum state of the one or more quantum physical entities,
the analysis unit configured to generate the feedback based on the indirect measurement of the one or more quantum physical
entities;

a measurement unit configured to conduct a measurement of at least one property of the one or more quantum physical entities,
the measurement unit configured to generate one or more numerical digits based on the measurement of the at least one property
of the one or more quantum physical entities.

US Pat. No. 9,384,397

MODEL FOR MAPPING SETTLEMENTS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of analyzing high resolution remote sensing imagery, comprising:
an integrated circuit that includes a microcontroller on a single chip executes the functions comprising:
receiving satellite imagery data;
automatically dividing the high resolution imagery into image patches;
acquiring and automatically processing training data that renders bag of Gaussian models;
processing a query window comprising a portion of the imagery data with the bag of Gaussian models to classify objects recorded
in the satellite imagery data.

US Pat. No. 9,335,973

QUANTUM RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A quantum random number generator comprising:
a photon emitter capable of emitting photons in a spontaneous mode;
a power supply coupled to said photon emitter, said power supply capable of supplying power to said photon emitter to operate
in said spontaneous mode;

an amplifier having a photon input and a photon output, said photon input being operably coupled to said photon emitter to
receive photons emitted from the photon emitter, said photon output being in optical communication with the photon input and
configured to emit photons received by the photon emitter, wherein a characteristic of the photons emitted from the amplifier
is random.

US Pat. No. 9,261,890

POWER FLOW CONTROL USING DISTRIBUTED SATURABLE REACTORS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A magnetic amplifier that controls high-voltage power flow through power transmission and distribution lines comprising:
a saturable core, the saturable core comprising a plurality of legs; and
a plurality of control windings, each wound around a separate leg, spaced apart from each other and connected in series in
an anti-symmetric relation, wherein the plurality of control windings generates a biasing magnetic flux that is conveyed through
portions of the saturable core when a direct current (DC) control current flows through the plurality of control windings,
and the plurality of control windings are configured in such a way that a an amount of the biasing magnetic flux arising from
the DC control current flowing through one of the plurality of control windings is substantially equal to the an amount of
the biasing magnetic flux flowing into a second of the plurality of control windings; where:

flow of the DC control current through each of the plurality of control windings changes a reluctance of the saturable core
by driving those portions of the saturable core that convey the biasing magnetic flux, into saturation; and

the phasing of the plurality of control winding cancels out or limits a voltage induced in the plurality of control windings
caused by an alternating load current passing about a portion of the saturable core;

a power converter coupled to the plurality of control windings, the power converter having a computer interface that allows
a computer controller to regulate the DC control current flowing through the plurality of control windings; and

a transceiver coupled to the power converter that transmits state data on the condition of a power line that conveys the alternating
load current;

the computer controller being interfaced to the transceiver and the power converter to regulate the magnitude of the alternating
load current.

US Pat. No. 9,217,187

MAGNETIC FIELD ANNEALING FOR IMPROVED CREEP RESISTANCE

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making a heat-resistant chromia- or alumina-forming Fe-, Fe(Ni), Ni(Fe), or Ni-based alloy having improved
creep resistance comprising the steps of:
providing a precursor containing preselected constituents of a chromia- or alumina-forming Fe-, Fe(Ni), Ni(Fe), or Ni-based
alloy, at least one of the constituents for forming a nanoscale precipitate MaXb where M is Cr, Nb, Ti, V, Zr, Hf individually or in combination, X is C, N, O, B individually or in combination, and a=1 to
23 and b=1 to 6;

single-phase austenite matrix phase solid solution annealing the precursor at a temperature of 1000-1500° C. for 1-48 h in
the presence of a magnetic field of at least 5 Tesla to enhance supersaturation of the MaXb constituents in the annealed precursor in order to form nanoscale MaXb precipitates for improved creep resistance when the alloy is used at service temperatures of 500-1000° C.

US Pat. No. 9,216,445

METHOD OF FORMING MAGNESIUM ALLOY SHEETS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of rolling a work-piece comprising the steps of:
a. heating a work-piece to a preselected rolling temperature;
b. using rollers, rolling the work-piece asymmetrically between a faster rate roller and a slower rate roller to form a tilted
crystalline texture in the work-piece which curls in the direction of the slower rate roller; and

c. stripping the rolled work-piece from said slower rate roller, the stripping comprising stripping with a stripper blade
positioned adjacent to the slower rate roller, and guiding the work-piece with a guide surface toward and into an exit constraint
slot, the exit constraint slot being distanced from the stripper blade in the direction of movement of the work-piece and
the guide surface being positioned between the stripper blade and the exit constraint slot, the space between the surface
of the faster rate roller and the exit constraint slot being open, and passing the rolled, stripped work-piece through the
exit constraint slot to limit curling of the rolled work-piece and maintain the tilted crystalline texture as the rolled work-piece
exits said rolling step.

US Pat. No. 9,177,249

SCIENTOMETRIC METHODS FOR IDENTIFYING EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for determining a technology readiness level of a technology from one or more datasets using a computer having
a processor preprogrammed with the steps comprising:
a) gathering raw data associated with the occurrence of the technology from sources and storing the raw data, over a time
interval, into a distinct dataset for each source;

b) normalizing the raw data in each of the distinct datasets and creating normalized datasets;
c) identifying initial occurrences and peaks in the normalized datasets;
d) assigning a technology readiness level indicator based on the initial occurrences and the peaks in at least one of the
normalized datasets.

US Pat. No. 9,150,945

MULTI-COMPONENT SOLID SOLUTION ALLOYS HAVING HIGH MIXING ENTROPY

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A multi-component single phase high-entropy alloy consisting of a solid solution composition selected from the group consisting
of: VNbTaTiMoWRe, VNbTaTiMoRe, VNbTaTiWRe, VNbTaMoWRe, VNbTiMoWRe, VTaTiMoWRe, NbTaTiMoWRe, VNbTaTiRe, VNbTaMoRe, VNbTiMoRe,
VTaTiMoRe, NbTaTiMoRe, VNbTaWRe, VNbTiWRe, VTaTiWRe, NbTaTiWRe, VNbMoWRe, VTaMoWRe, NbTaMoWRe, VTiMoWRe, NbTiMoWRe, TaTiMoWRe,
wherein relative amounts of each element vary by no more than 5 atomic %, the alloy having a mixing entropy greater than 1.6R.

US Pat. No. 9,387,486

HIGH-GRADIENT PERMANENT MAGNET APPARATUS AND ITS USE IN PARTICLE COLLECTION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A high-gradient permanent magnet apparatus for capturing paramagnetic particles, the apparatus comprising:
(i) at least two permanent magnets positioned with like poles facing each other;
(ii) a ferromagnetic spacer separating the like poles; and
(iii) a magnetizable porous filling material at least partially surrounding the at least two permanent magnets, wherein said
porous filling material is sufficiently porous to permit the flow of a gas or a liquid.

US Pat. No. 9,291,537

LIQUID SALT ENVIRONMENT STRESS-RUPTURE TESTING

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for stress-rupture testing of materials in a high-temperature liquid salt environment, the system comprising:
a vertically elongated vessel having an upper end and a lower end, the vessel comprising one or more gas ports for maintaining
a controlled inert gas environment within the vessel;

a first pull rod positioned within the vessel and extending downwardly from or through the upper end of the vessel, the first
pull rod having a first specimen grip at a lower end of the first pull rod, the first specimen grip adapted to grip an upper
end of a test specimen having a tubular gage portion for containing a salt;

a second pull rod positioned within the vessel below the first pull rod, the second pull rod having a second specimen grip
at an upper end of the second pull rod, the second specimen grip adapted to grip a lower end of the test specimen;

a thermal break positioned within the vessel and coupled to a lower end of the second pull rod, the thermal break comprising
a fixture coupled to a lower end of the second pull rod and a thermally insulating spacer supported by the fixture below the
second pull rod; and

a third pull rod having an upper end spaced below the lower end of the second pull rod and spaced within the thermal break
fixture, the upper end of the third pull rod being supported by the thermally insulating spacer such that the third pull rod
is thermally decoupled from the second pull rod by the thermally insulating spacer, the third pull rod having a lower end
that extends through a lower end of the vessel and is adapted to be coupled to a loading source for applying a load to the
test specimen via the second and third pull rods and the thermal break.

US Pat. No. 9,101,144

PLANT GROWTH PROMOTING RHIZOBACTERIUM

UT-BATTELLE, LLC., Oak R...

1. A method of enhancing plant growth comprising inoculating a plant with the Pseudomonas fluorescens strain GM30 deposited under ATCC Accession No. PTA-13340.

US Pat. No. 9,441,113

PYROLYTIC CARBON BLACK COMPOSITE AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of recovering carbon black, comprising the steps of:
providing a carbonaceous source material containing carbon black;
contacting the carbonaceous source material with a sulfonation bath to produce a sulfonated material, wherein the sulfonation
bath comprises sulfonation agent is chlorosulfonic acid in 1,2 dichloroethane solution; and,

pyrolyzing the sulfonated material to produce a carbon black containing product comprising a glassy carbon matrix phase having
carbon black dispersed therein.

US Pat. No. 9,394,672

RECLAMATION OF POTABLE WATER FROM MIXED GAS STREAMS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

16. A vehicle comprising:
an internal combustion engine having an exhaust outlet;
an exhaust passageway; and
a condensation layer having a first surface, a second surface, and a plurality of capillary condensation pores; wherein the
capillary condensation pores extend through the condensation layer, and have a first opening on the first surface of the condensation
layer, a second opening on the second surface of the condensation layer, and a pore size between about 2 nm to <10 nm and
a pore length of less than 100 ?m;

wherein the exhaust outlet is in fluid communication with the exhaust passageway; and
wherein the exhaust passageway is in fluid communication with the first opening.

US Pat. No. 9,377,245

HEAT EXCHANGER LIFE EXTENSION VIA IN-SITU RECONDITIONING

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of in-situ reconditioning a heat exchanger comprising the steps of:
a. providing an in-service heat exchanger comprising a precipitate-strengthened alloy wherein at least one mechanical property
of said heat exchanger is degraded by coarsening of said precipitate, said in-service heat exchanger containing a molten salt
working heat exchange fluid;

b. deactivating said heat exchanger from service in-situ;
c. in a solution-annealing step, in-situ heating said heat exchanger and molten salt working heat exchange fluid contained
therein to a temperature and for a time period sufficient to dissolve said coarsened precipitate;

d. in a quenching step, flowing said molten salt working heat-exchange fluid through said heat exchanger in-situ to cool said
alloy and retain a supersaturated solid solution; and

e. in an aging step, further varying the temperature of said flowing molten salt working heat-exchange fluid to re-precipitate
said dissolved precipitate.

US Pat. No. 9,466,834

LITHIUM-CONDUCTING SULFUR COMPOUND CATHODE FOR LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A lithium sulfur cell, comprising:
a cathode comprising Li3PS4+n(0
an electrolyte; and
an anode comprising lithium.
US Pat. No. 9,272,045

METHOD OF TISSUE REPAIR USING A COMPOSITE MATERIAL

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for producing a biocompatible hydrogel material, the process comprising providing bacterial cellulose which includes
a plurality of pores, immersing said bacterial cellulose in a solution containing a calcium source, and immersing said bacterial
cellulose in a separate solution containing a source of phosphate to form said hydrogel material, wherein said source of phosphate
is at least one selected from the group consisting of sodium phosphate dibasic, potassium phosphate dibasic, sodium tripolvphosphate,
and diammonium phosphate.

US Pat. No. 9,437,092

SMOKE DETECTION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

14. A non-transitory computer-readable medium storing computer-executable instructions thereon, the instructions for causing
a processor to perform acts for training a classifier for a smoke detector, the acts comprising:
inputting sensor data from a plurality of tests into the processor, the sensor data indicative of environmental conditions
during the tests;

using the processor to process the sensor data from the tests to generate derived signal data corresponding to the test data
for respective tests;

assigning the derived signal data into categories comprising at least one fire group and at least one non-fire group;
performing linear discriminant analysis (LDA) training using the processor and the derived signal data and the assigned categories
for the derived signal data as input to the LDA training, the output of the LDA training generating a centroid in linear discriminant
coordinates for each of the categories, a plurality of coefficients for transforming derived signal data into linear discriminant
(LD) coordinates, and a mean of group means; and

storing the plurality of coefficients, the plurality of centroids, and the mean of group means.

US Pat. No. 9,096,959

METHOD FOR PRODUCTION OF CARBON NANOFIBER MAT OR CARBON PAPER

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for the preparation of a non-woven mat or paper made of carbon fibers, the method comprising:
(i) contacting a plurality of sulfonated polyolefin fibers with water to bond said plurality of sulfonated polyolefin fibers
to form a precursor of a non-woven mat or paper of carbon fiber in which said plurality of sulfonated polyolefin fibers are
bonded by hydrogen or ionic bonding interactions; and

(ii) carbonizing said precursor of a non-woven mat or paper to produce said non-woven mat or paper comprised of carbon fibers.

US Pat. No. 9,145,553

METHOD FOR ISOLATING NUCLEIC ACIDS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for isolating nucleic acids from an environmental sample, comprising:
(i) obtaining an environmental sample comprising cells;
(ii) subjecting the sample to a lysis process comprising mixing the sample with a lysis solution in the presence of liquid
nitrogen, thereby obtaining a lysed material;

(iii) subjecting the lysed material to an extraction process by mixing the lysed material with an extraction solution, and
subjecting the resulting mixture to centrifugation;

(iv) collecting the supernatant after the centrifugation;
(v) washing the pellet obtained after the centrifugation of step (iii) with a wash solution comprising sodium phosphate at
a concentration of at least 300 mM, and collecting the supernatant from the wash; and

(vi) combining the collected supernatants from step (iv) and step (v), and isolating nucleic acids from the collected supernatants.

US Pat. No. 10,093,072

GRAPHENE REINFORCED MATERIALS AND RELATED METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of forming a graphene scroll, the method comprising:inserting a catalyst substrate into a chemical vapor deposition chamber, the catalyst substrate being a sheet material of freestanding metal foil;
annealing the catalyst substrate in hydrogen gas within the chemical vapor deposition chamber; and
exposing the annealed catalyst substrate to a reaction gas mixture including a hydrocarbon;
synthesizing graphene from the reaction gas mixture following the exposure of the annealed catalyst substrate to the reaction gas mixture;
detaching the annealed catalyst substrate from the synthesized graphene; and
consolidating the synthesized graphene by floating the synthesized graphene on a solution and rolling the synthesized graphene onto itself to form a cylindrical multi-wall graphene scroll having a spiral cross-section, wherein the synthesized graphene is a non-hydrogenated graphene layer at least during consolidation into the multi-wall graphene scroll.

US Pat. No. 9,612,219

CONDUCTIVE FABRIC SEAL

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for monitoring the condition of an article of manufacture, the system comprising:
a covering made of a substrate comprised of individual fibers that are arranged in a pattern that is coated with a layer of
electrically conductive material particles to form a single electrically conductive circuit that is not woven or patterned
and that extends over the entire covering and has an electrical resistance, said covering being configured to at least partially
encapsulate the article such that the article cannot be tampered with or develop a leak, without modifying the electrical
resistance of said covering;

a sensing device affixed to the electrically conductive surface of said covering; and
wherein said sensing device monitors the condition of the covering by producing a signal that is indicative of the electrical
resistance of the electrically conductive surface of said covering.

US Pat. No. 9,433,920

FIBER-BASED ADSORBENTS HAVING HIGH ADSORPTION CAPACITIES FOR RECOVERING DISSOLVED METALS AND METHODS THEREOF

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An adsorbent material comprising:
a plurality of irradiated polymer fibers defining a length and including co-grafted side chains of amidoxime groups and hydrophilic
groups adapted to complex metal ions from an aqueous solution,

wherein the irradiated polymer fibers include an outer surface defining a non-circular cross-section having a plurality of
projections extending along the length of the irradiated polymer fibers for increasing the fiber surface area per unit weight,
such that the irradiated polymer fibers are high surface area fibers.

US Pat. No. 9,181,493

CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF ALCOHOLS HAVING AT LEAST THREE CARBON ATOMS TO HYDROCARBON BLENDSTOCK

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for producing a hydrocarbon blendstock, the method comprising contacting an aqueous solution or aqueous biphasic
system of at least one saturated acyclic alcohol having at least three and up to ten carbon atoms with a metal-loaded zeolite
catalyst comprising vanadium metal ion and ZSM-5 at a temperature of at least 100° C. and up to 550° C. to produce a hydrocarbon
blendstock having less than 1 vol % ethylene, at least 35 vol % of hydrocarbon compounds containing at least eight carbon
atoms, and no more than 1 vol % benzene, wherein the metal-loaded zeolite does not include lanthanum.

US Pat. No. 9,156,364

WIRELESS POWER CHARGING USING POINT OF LOAD CONTROLLED HIGH FREQUENCY POWER CONVERTERS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An apparatus for wireless power transfer, said apparatus comprising:
an active front end unit configured to provide a unipolar output voltage;
a buck-boost converter configured to receive said unipolar output voltage and to generate a DC supply voltage to a plurality
of DC power transmission cables;

an output power controller configured to control an output power level provided by said DC supply voltage to said plurality
of DC power transmission cables; and

a plurality of point-of-load converters, each of the plurality of point-of-load converters comprises a high frequency alternating
current (AC) current generation circuit that is respectively connected to one of said plurality of DC power transmission cable
and is configured to provide AC current through at least one power transmission circuit, wherein each of said at least one
power transmission circuit comprises a primary coil for wireless power transfer, the output power controller being further
configured to control the AC current provided by each of the plurality of point-of-load converters based on a determined load
level of electrical power to be wirelessly transmitted from the at least one power transmission circuit in each of the respective
point-of-load converters, wherein the output power level provided by said DC supply voltage is determined based on an expected
power demand of all of the plurality of point-of-load converters.

US Pat. No. 9,081,960

ARCHITECTURE FOR REMOVABLE MEDIA USB-ARM

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for secure access to storage media, the method comprising the steps of:
in a computing system including an operating system and application software the computing system being communicatively coupled
to a storage device having stored information, wherein the operating system comprises a kernel filter driver of the operating
system, or the kernel filter driver of the operating system has hooks into the operating system and the kernel filter driver
of the operating system is operable to broker access to the storage device;

blocking, by the kernel filter driver of the operating system, all access to the storage device except for granting exclusive
access to the storage device to a first anti-virus engine of a plurality of anti-virus engines and directing the first anti-virus
engine to scan the information stored on the communicatively coupled storage device for malicious software;

receiving, by the kernel filter driver of the operating system, results from the first anti-virus engine; and
presenting, by the kernel filter driver of the operating system, the storage device to the operating system and enabling the
operating system to access approved information stored on the storage device in instances when all or a portion of the stored
information is approved.

US Pat. No. 9,868,899

METHOD OF MICROBIALLY PRODUCING METAL GALLATE SPINEL NANO-OBJECTS, AND COMPOSITIONS PRODUCED THEREBY

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of forming a metal gallate spinel structure, the method comprising:
providing a supply of fermentative or thermophilic bacteria;
reacting a divalent metal-containing salt and a gallium-containing salt with the supply of fermentative or thermophilic bacteria,
wherein treatment of the divalent metal-containing salt and the gallium-containing salt with the fermentative or thermophilic
bacteria nucleates a divalent metal gallate spinel structure.

US Pat. No. 9,811,729

IRIS RECOGNITION VIA PLENOPTIC IMAGING

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method implemented at least in part by a computing system, the method comprising:
receiving a single plenoptic off-angle iris image depicting an iris with an off-angle gaze;
from the single plenoptic off-angle iris image depicting an iris with an off-angle gaze, creating a plurality of reconstructed
images at different synthetic focal depths, wherein the plurality of reconstructed images comprise different in-focus regions
of the iris, and the different synthetic focal depths for the plurality of reconstructed images are chosen using one or more
selected from the group consisting of an amount of entropy in the reconstructed images, the frequency response of the lines
in the reconstructed images, and the contrast between neighboring pixels of the reconstructed images;

stitching together the different in-focus regions of the iris with the off-angle gaze from the plurality of reconstructed
images, wherein the stitching generates a fully focused image of the iris with the off-angle gaze originating from the single
plenoptic off-angle iris image;

constructing a reconstructed synthetic eye from the fully focused image of the iris with the off-angle gaze; and
generating a frontal view of the iris from the reconstructed synthetic eye.
US Pat. No. 9,453,129

POLYMER BLEND COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF PREPARATION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A polymer blend material comprising:
(i) a first polymer containing hydroxy groups;
(ii) a second polymer containing nitrile groups; and
(iii) a modifying component comprising carbon particles and boric acid
wherein said first polymer and second polymer interact by hydrogen bonding or dative bonding between said hydroxy groups and
nitrile groups.

US Pat. No. 9,064,680

AFM FLUID DELIVERY/LIQUID EXTRACTION SURFACE SAMPLING/ELECTROSTATIC SPRAY CANTILEVER PROBE

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An electrospray system, comprising:
a liquid extraction surface sampling probe, comprising a probe body having a liquid inlet and a liquid outlet, and having
a liquid extraction tip, a solvent delivery conduit for receiving solvent liquid from the liquid inlet and delivering the
solvent liquid to the liquid extraction tip, and an open liquid extraction channel extending across an exterior surface of
the probe body from the liquid extraction tip to the liquid outlet; and,

an electrospray emitter tip in liquid communication with the liquid outlet of the liquid extraction surface sampling probe.

US Pat. No. 10,105,876

APPARATUS FOR GENERATING AND DISPENSING A POWDERED RELEASE AGENT

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An apparatus for generating and dispensing a powdered release agent material on a surface of a part that is being built with an additive manufacturing machine, the apparatus comprising:a housing having an attachment for fastening the apparatus to the additive manufacturing machine;
a magazine affixed to said housing for feeding a solid body of release agent material into a grinding chamber defined by said housing wherein said magazine includes an escapement to ensure that exactly one solid body of release agent material at a time is fed from a plurality of solid bodies of release agent material that are stacked in said magazine;
a grinder disposed inside of the grinding chamber for powderizing the release agent material; and
a nozzle for dispensing the powdered release agent material on the surface of the part.

US Pat. No. 10,044,038

NITRIDE- AND OXIDE-MODIFIED ELECTRODE COMPOSITIONS AND THEIR METHODS OF MAKING

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An electrode for a battery comprising:a nitride- or oxide-modified composition having the following formula:M1-zM?zOaF3-xNy,wherein:0 ?3?x<0 or 0 0?a?1.5;
y>0;
M is selected from the group consisting of: Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Bi; and
M? is selected from the group consisting of: Na, Mg, Al, P, K, Ca, Sc, Cr, Fe, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Cd, In, Sb, Te, Cs, Ba, Hf, Ta, W, Re, Os, Ir, Pt, Au, Tl, Pb, and Bi.

US Pat. No. 9,455,439

NITROGEN—SULFUR—CARBON NANOCOMPOSITES AND THEIR APPLICATION AS CATHODE MATERIALS IN LITHIUM—SULFUR BATTERIES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A composite useful as a cathode for a lithium-sulfur battery, the composite comprising:
(i) an electron-conducting porous composition comprising an organic polymer matrix having an ordered framework structure in
which nitrogen atoms are interconnected by phenylene linkers, wherein said ordered framework structure contains micropores
in which sulfur is incorporated;

(ii) a binder; and
(iii) conductive carbon in an amount of 10-30% by weight of the composite, wherein said sulfur is incorporated in the micropores
of said electron-conducting porous composition in an amount of at least 20% and up to 50% by weight of the electron-conducting
porous composition.

US Pat. No. 9,442,101

SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING BIOFUEL CONCENTRATION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A measurement device for use in determining content of biofuel within a fuel blend, said measurement device comprising:
a responsive material capable of changing dimensionally in response to changes in a concentration of biofuel within the fuel
blend, wherein the fuel blend includes the biofuel and a petroleum-based fuel, wherein a dimensional property of said responsive
material decreases in response to an increase in the concentration of the biofuel relative to the petroleum-based fuel, wherein
the dimensional property of the responsive material increases in response to a decrease in the concentration of the biofuel
relative to the petroleum-based fuel;

an indicator that provides information relating to the concentration of biofuel based on one or more properties of said responsive
material.

US Pat. No. 9,435,011

CREEP-RESISTANT, COBALT-FREE ALLOYS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE, LIQUID-SALT HEAT EXCHANGER SYSTEMS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An essentially Fe- and Co-free alloy for use in contact with liquid fluoride salts consisting essentially of, in terms
of weight percent:
Cr 6.0 to 7.5
Al 0 to 0.15
Mn 0.5 to 0.85
Mo 11 to 19.5
Ta 0.3 to 4.5
W 0.01 to 9
C 0.03 to 0.08
Re 0 to 1
Ru 0 to 1
B 0 to 0.001
N 0.0005 to 0.005
Ni balance, wherein Mo+W is 19.85 or less, and Mo+Cr is 26.37 or less;
said alloy being characterized by, at 850° C., a yield strength of at least 25 Ksi, a tensile strength of at least 38 Ksi,
a creep rupture life at 12 Ksi of at least 25 hours, and a corrosion rate, expressed in weight loss [g/(cm2 sec)]10?11 during a 1000 hour immersion in liquid FLiNaK at 850° C., in a range of 3 to 10, said alloy has a microstructure consisting
of ? phase and M6C, wherein M6C is 1 to 2.5 in wt %, and having a corrosion susceptibility index between 0.09 and 0.12.

US Pat. No. 9,366,769

NEUTRON CAMERA EMPLOYING ROW AND COLUMN SUMMATIONS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A neutron camera comprising:
a scintillator plate;
at least one detector unit, wherein each of said at least one detector unit comprises:
a photomultiplier tube located on a back side of said scintillator plate and comprising an R×S matrix of outputs, wherein
R and S are integers greater than 1;

an R×S array of preamplifiers configured to amplify each output from said R×S matrix of outputs and to generate R×S amplified
signals; and

a signal conversion circuitry configured to generate a set of R row summation signals and a set of S column summation signals
from said R×S amplified signals; and

a position calculation unit configured to analyze a distribution of first time-integrated sums derived from said set of R
row summation signals and a distribution of second time-integrated sums derived from said set of S column summation signals
to identify an event location in said scintillator plate at which a neutron causes scintillation.

US Pat. No. 9,206,436

KEY GENE REGULATING CELL WALL BIOSYNTHESIS AND RECALCITRANCE IN POPULUS, GENE Y

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

7. A method of increasing the ratio of syringyl to guaiacyl subunits in a plant; said method comprising the step of transforming
the plant with the expression vector of claim 1.
US Pat. No. 9,153,425

DEVICE FOR HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF A SAMPLE AND METHOD OF HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for analyzing a chemical composition of a specimen, comprising:
a plurality of pins closed to liquid flow and each having a tip for contacting a sample and retaining sample over the pin
tip, the pins being spaced apart such that sample on one pin does not contact sample on any adjacent pin;

a sampling device configured to contact a liquid with a specimen on the tip of at least one pin to form a testing solution;
wherein
said sampling device comprises a capillary tube defining an outer perimeter of a capillary in fluid communication with an
external orifice of said sampling device, said external orifice for forming a meniscus with a liquid in said capillary tube;
the tube having a first position where the orifice is distanced from the pin tip such that liquid does not contact the pin
tip; and
a mechanism for moving said at least one pin and said sampling device relative to one another to a second position such that
sample on a single pin tip contacts the meniscus and sample on the pin tip is transferred into the liquid to create a testing
solution.

US Pat. No. 9,837,665

LIPON COATINGS FOR HIGH VOLTAGE AND HIGH TEMPERATURE LI-ION BATTERY CATHODES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

4. A method of operating a battery, comprising the steps of:
providing a lithium ion battery comprising an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte disposed between the anode and the cathode,
the electrolyte being free of lithium phosphorus oxynitride; and a protective layer disposed between the cathode layer and
the electrolyte, the protective layer comprising lithium phosphorus oxynitride and at least one electronic transport enhancing
dopant;

wherein the protective layer is provided as a uniform coating from 0.5 to 10 nm on all sides of the of the particles prior
to the electrode preparation, the coated particles being unannealed; and,

operating the battery at elevated operating conditions comprising at least one selected from the group consisting of a temperature
of at least 50° C. and a voltage of at least 4.5 V, the battery having capacity retention at 60° C.

US Pat. No. 9,666,318

STORAGE, TRANSPORTATION AND DISPOSAL SYSTEM FOR USED NUCLEAR FUEL ASSEMBLIES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for processing used nuclear fuel assemblies, the method comprising:
providing a plurality of fuel basket tubes each including a used nuclear fuel assembly;
providing a plurality of canisters each including a radiation-absorbing panel extending longitudinally therein, the plurality
of canisters further including:

a canister sidewall defining a canister enclosure and a plurality of longitudinal reinforcing members, the plurality of longitudinal
reinforcing members including:

a vertical reinforcing member sidewall including a major web and two spaced apart minor webs that define a u-shaped cross-section,
and

upper and lower horizontal ribs interconnecting the major web and the spaced apart minor webs at longitudinally spaced apart
portions of the vertical reinforcing member sidewall to provide torsional rigidity to the longitudinal reinforcing member,
wherein the upper and lower horizontal ribs extend to the canister sidewall and contact the canister sidewall to transfer
heat thereto from the plurality of fuel basket tubes when the plurality of fuel basket tubes are received within the canister
enclosure;

loading at least four of the plurality of the fuel basket tubes into each of the plurality of canisters, the radiation-absorbing
panel being interposed between adjacent fuel basket tubes;

inserting the plurality of canisters into a cask in side by side relationship for storage and a first facility;
transporting the cask to a second facility remote from the first facility; and
removing the plurality of canisters from the cask at the second facility for disposal of the used nuclear fuel assemblies.

US Pat. No. 9,518,885

CARBON NANOTUBE TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE SENSORS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A temperature sensor comprising:
a thermocouple body comprising a first carbon nanotube and a second carbon nanotube, wherein the first carbon nanotube and
the second carbon nanotubes comprise a junction at a first end of the thermocouple body, wherein the first carbon nanotube
and the second carbon nanotube have dissimilar electrical properties, and wherein the first carbon nanotube has a greater
number of defects than the second carbon nanotube; and

a voltmeter in electrical communication with the first carbon nanotube and the second carbon nanotube, wherein application
of temperature to the first end of the thermocouple body produces a current in a circuit composed of the first carbon nanotube
and the second carbon nanotube that is proportional to the temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,490,766

SHIELDED MULTI-STAGE EMI NOISE FILTER

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

14. An electromagnetic interference noise filter, comprising:
an outer signal exclusion enclosure;
a signal input;
one or more circuit boards contained within the outer signal exclusion enclosure;
a first stage filter circuit having a first plurality of electronic circuit components connected to at least one of the one
or more circuit boards, the first stage filter circuit receiving the signal input;

a second stage filter circuit having a second plurality of electronic circuit components connected to at least one of the
one or more circuit boards, the second stage filter circuit receiving an output from the first stage filter circuit;

a conductive partition positioned inside, and in physical contact with, the outer signal exclusion enclosure to create at
least two signal exclusion chambers, wherein the conductive partition separates the first stage filter circuit, contained
within a first chamber of the at least two signal exclusion chambers, from the second stage filter circuit, contained within
a second chamber of the at least two signal exclusion chambers, and wherein an output of the first stage filter circuit passes
through the conductive partition and is an input to the second stage filter circuit; and

a conductive base plate connected to the conductive partition and positioned inside the outer signal exclusion enclosure,
the conductive base plate extending at least partially along the first chamber and the second chamber, wherein the one or
more circuit boards are mounted on the conductive base plate, and wherein a thickness of the conductive base plate is selected
to distribute heat within the outer signal exclusion enclosure and to limit thermal gradients in the conductive base plate.

US Pat. No. 9,196,760

METHODS FOR PRODUCING COMPLEX FILMS, AND FILMS PRODUCED THEREBY

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for producing a film, the method comprising:
(i) producing precursor particles from microbes, wherein said precursor particles have a size of up to 100 microns and a composition
comprising at least one element selected from S, Se, and Te and at least two elements selected from Cu, Fe, Zn, Sn, Cd, In,
Ga, and Al;

(ii) disposing said precursor particles on a substrate to form a layer of said precursor particles on said substrate; and
(iii) melting said layer of precursor particles on said substrate until at least a portion of the melted particles are planarized
and merged in said film.

US Pat. No. 9,171,068

RECOMMENDING PERSONALLY INTERESTED CONTENTS BY TEXT MINING, FILTERING, AND INTERFACES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of providing personalized content recommendations using a computer comprising:
providing a user interface on a computing device that monitors a user's information; generating a content signature that includes
semantically salient content elements from the monitored user's information, a network address to the monitored user's information
that the semantically salient content is based upon, and a plurality of densities of topics embodied in the salient content
elements;

storing a personal behavioral profile in a memory of the computing device, the memory stored with user's preferences based
on a plurality of monitored past behaviors and a collaborative filtering;

filtering items in an incoming information stream with the personal behavioral profile and the content signature and responsive
to a document ranking based in part on a plurality of phrase inhibitors and a plurality of saturation topic phrases; and

receiving only those items of the incoming information stream that match and is responsive to the document ranking and the
personal behavioral profile for a certain information consumption mode of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,138,305

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE PLASMA PROCESSING OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS UTILIZING CLOSE PROXIMITY INDIRECT EXPOSURE

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A plasma treatment apparatus comprising:a treatment chamber comprising: (i) an interior treatment volume having an entrance and exit for processing a workpiece and an asymmetrical electrode assembly for generating a plasma, and (ii) an intermediate heating volume for heating the interior treatment volume;
at least one process gas inlet into the interior treatment volume;
wherein the asymmetrical electrode assembly comprises at least two plasma-generating electrodes that are separated from each other and present on a surface of a dielectric barrier, and wherein the at least two plasma-generating electrodes differ in at least one of a width and a length dimension to provide an asymmetrical geometry of the plasma-generating electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,093,067

METHOD OF FORMING A CARBON FIBER LAYUP

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of forming a carbon fiber layup in a fused deposition modeling build comprising:providing a supply of thermoplastic working material to a nozzle;
depositing the thermoplastic working material through the nozzle to form a mandrel within a work area, wherein the build occurs within an unheated work area;
maintaining a position of the mandrel within the work area;
applying carbon fiber over the mandrel to form a carbon fiber layup; and
removing the mandrel from the carbon fiber layup.

US Pat. No. 9,884,804

SURFACE TREATED CARBON CATALYSTS PRODUCED FROM WASTE TIRES FOR FATTY ACIDS TO BIOFUEL CONVERSION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making solid acid catalysts, comprising the steps of:
sulfonating the waste tire pieces in a first sulfonation step;
pyrolyzing waste tire pieces to produce carbon composite pieces having a pore size less than 10 nm;
grinding the carbon composite pieces to produce carbon composite particles having a particle size less than 50 ?m;
sulfonating the carbon composite particles in a second sulfonation step to produce sulfonated solid acid catalysts.

US Pat. No. 9,869,661

OPEN PORT SAMPLING INTERFACE

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for sampling a sample material, comprising:
a probe comprising an outer probe housing having an open end; a liquid supply conduit within the housing and having an outlet
positioned to deliver liquid to the open end of the housing, the liquid supply conduit being connected to a liquid supply
and a liquid supply valve for delivering liquid to the open end of the housing at a liquid supply flow rate,

the probe also comprising a liquid exhaust conduit within the housing for removing liquid from the open end of the housing;
a liquid exhaust system in fluid connection with a liquid exhaust valve and the liquid exhaust conduit, the liquid exhaust
system for removing liquid from the liquid exhaust conduit and the liquid exhaust valve for delivering exhaust liquid to the
liquid exhaust system at a liquid exhaust flow rate;

a sensor positioned proximate the open end that monitors a liquid dome present at the open end that is formed by a flow balance
between the liquid supply flow rate and the liquid exhaust flow rate;

a processor which receives a signal from the sensor and is configured to control the liquid supply valve and the liquid exhaust
valve so as to control the height of the liquid dome;

wherein during operation of the system, liquid at the open end receives sample material and liquid containing sample material
is drawn into and through the liquid exhaust conduit.

US Pat. No. 9,768,333

MICROBIALLY-MEDIATED METHOD FOR SYNTHESIS OF NON-OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR NANOPARTICLES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for producing nanoparticles having a kesterite-type composition according to the formula:
M3SnX4  (2)
wherein M represents at least one chalcophile metal other than Sn, and X represents at least one non-metal selected from S,
Se, and Te;the method comprising:
(a) subjecting a combination of reaction components to conditions conducive to microbially-mediated formation of said nanoparticles,
wherein said combination of reaction components comprises i) anaerobic microbes that are not sulfate-reducing and are capable
of reducing a sulfur-containing, selenium-containing, or tellurium-containing compound to a reduced sulfide, selenide, or
telluride, respectively, ii) a culture medium suitable for sustaining said anaerobic microbes, iii) a chalcophile metal component
comprising at least one chalcophile metal other than Sn, iv) a non-metal component selected from a sulfur-containing, selenium-containing,
or tellurium-containing source that is not a reduced sulfide, selenide, or telluride and not sulfate or a mercapto-amino acid,
and v) one or more electron donors that provide donatable electrons to said anaerobic microbes during consumption of the electron
donor by said anaerobic microbes; wherein said anaerobic microbes reduce said sulfur-containing, selenium-containing, or tellurium-containing
source to a reduced sulfide, selenide, or telluride, respectively; and

(b) isolating said nanoparticles.
US Pat. No. 9,718,693

CARBONATION OF METAL SILICATES FOR LONG-TERM CO2 SEQUESTRATION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A process of producing a metal carbonate comprising:
providing each of the following components: a source of magnesium hydroxide, an alkali-metal hydroxide, and a gaseous waste
stream containing carbon dioxide;

reacting said components together to form an alkali-metal carbonate or an alkali-metal bicarbonate from the reaction of said
carbon dioxide with said alkali-metal hydroxide, while in the presence of said source of magnesium hydroxide; and

reacting magnesium hydroxide from said source of magnesium hydroxide with said alkali-metal carbonate or alkali-metal bicarbonate,
as said alkali-metal carbonate or alkali-metal bicarbonate forms in situ, to produce a magnesium carbonate composition.

US Pat. No. 9,683,279

INTERMEDIATE STRENGTH ALLOYS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE SERVICE IN LIQUID-SALT COOLED ENERGY SYSTEMS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An alloy consisting essentially of, in terms of weight percent:
Cr 6 to 8.5
Mo 5.5 to 13.5
W 0.4 to 7.5
Ti 1 to 2
Mn 0.7 to 0.85
Al 0.05 to 0.3
C 0.08 to 0.5
Nb 0 to 1
Ta 0 to 0.01
Ni balance
said alloy being characterized by, at 850° C., a yield strength of at least 25 Ksi, a tensile strength of at least 30 Ksi,
a creep rupture life at 12 Ksi of at least 45 hours, and a corrosion rate, expressed in weight loss [g/(cm2 sec)]10?11 during a 1000 hour immersion in liquid FLiNaK at 850° C., in the range of 6 to 39, wherein said alloy is devoid of ?? precipitates,
and is further characterized by a corrosion susceptibility index of from 0.10 to 0.14, and wherein said alloy is essentially
Fe free, Co free, and Hf free.

US Pat. No. 9,590,274

IMPACT RESISTANT ELECTROLYTES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A passively impact resistant composite electrolyte composition comprising an electrolyte solvent, up to 2M of an electrolyte
salt, and shear thickening ceramic particles, said shear thickening ceramic particles having a polydispersity index of no
greater than 0.1, an average particle size in a range of 50 nm to 1 ?m, and an absolute zeta potential of greater than ±40
mV.
US Pat. No. 9,535,087

BAND EXCITATION METHOD APPLICABLE TO SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPY

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method, comprising:
generating a band excitation signal;
simultaneously exciting a probe at a plurality of frequencies within a predetermined frequency band based on the band excitation
signal;

scanning a sample held in an apparatus to measure a response of the probe across a subset of frequencies of the predetermined
frequency band;

separately extracting, by a processor of a relevant dynamic parameter extractor, resonant frequency, maximum amplitude, and
Q factor parameters associated with each position crossed during the scan; and

adjusting the band excitation signal based on the extracting.

US Pat. No. 9,221,076

COMPOSITION FOR FORMING AN OPTICALLY TRANSPARENT, SUPERHYDROPHOBIC COATING

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An optically transparent, superhydrophobic article comprising:
an optically transparent substrate;
a plurality of hydrophobic particles having an average particle size of less than 50 nm dispersed over the optically transparent
substrate; and

a discontinuous binder layer bonding the plurality of hydrophobic particles to the optically transparent substrate, the plurality
of hydrophobic particles and the discontinuous binder layer forming an optically transparent, superhydrophobic coating,

wherein the discontinuous binder layer comprises a plurality of discrete binder portions,
wherein each of the plurality of discrete binder portions is localized at an interfacial region between one of the plurality
of hydrophobic particles and the optically transparent substrate, and wherein

each of the discrete binder portions decreases in thickness across the interfacial region in a direction away from each particle.

US Pat. No. 9,730,898

REVERSIBLE, ON-DEMAND GENERATION OF AQUEOUS TWO-PHASE MICRODROPLETS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for forming an aqueous two-phase microdroplet, the method comprising:
providing a microfluidic device comprising a central microchannel having a communication junction with a first side microchannel,
wherein said first side microchannel contains an aqueous solution comprising a single-phase mixture of first and second solutes
capable of phase separation with each other but present at concentrations sufficiently below the binodal curve of the single-phase
mixture in order for the first and second solutes to remain in a single phase in said aqueous solution at the time of microdroplet
formation, and said central microchannel contains an aqueous-immiscible phase, and wherein the height and width of said first
side microchannel at said communication junction are sufficiently smaller than the height and width of said central microchannel;

generating a single-phase aqueous microdroplet, composed of said aqueous solution, into said central microchannel by applying
a pressure pulse through said first side microchannel of the microfluidic device, wherein the pressure pulse creates an interfacial
tension induced force sufficient for said first aqueous microdroplet to have a diameter of from about 0.2 ?m to about 100
?m, and

allowing passive water evaporation from said single-phase aqueous microdroplet to occur until a two-phase aqueous microdroplet
containing first and second aqueous phases is formed in said central microchannel.

US Pat. No. 9,670,237

PHOSPHONIUM-BASED IONIC LIQUIDS AND THEIR USE IN THE CAPTURE OF POLLUTING GASES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An ionic liquid composition having the following chemical structural formula:

wherein R1, R2, R3, and R4 are independently selected from hydrocarbon groups containing at least 1 and up to 20 carbon atoms, wherein at least one of
R1, R2, R3, and R4 is an alkyl or alkenyl group, provided that at least one of R1, R2, R3, and R4 contains at least four more carbon atoms than another of R1, R2, R3, and R4; and X?is a deprotonated phenolic or thiophenolic anion reactive with carbon dioxide or sulfur dioxide.

US Pat. No. 9,666,907

THERMAL MANAGEMENT FOR HIGH-CAPACITY LARGE FORMAT LI-ION BATTERIES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A lithium ion battery, comprising:
a cathode in electrical and thermal connection with a cathode current collector, the cathode current collector having an electrode
tab;

a separator;
an anode in electrical and thermal connection with an anode current collector, the anode current collector having an electrode
tab;

wherein at least one of the cathode current collector and the anode current collector comprises a thermal tab for heat transfer
with the at least one current collector and other portions, the thermal tab being electrically connected to the other portions
of the current collector and separated on the current collector from the electrode tab, and wherein at least one of the cathode
current collector and the anode current collector comprises at least two sides, and the thermal tab is on two sides of the
current collector.

US Pat. No. 9,612,257

FULL INFORMATION ACQUISITION IN SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPY AND SPECTROSCOPY

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An Apparatus, comprising:
a probe coupled to a sample, wherein the probe or the sample is excited by an excitation signal at a first frequency band;
a detector coupled to the probe that measures a response signal of the probe,
a data acquisition system coupled to the detector and adapted to capture the response signal at a sampling frequency higher
than the roll-off limit of the detector bandwidth; and

a data storage system that records the captured information.

US Pat. No. 9,570,748

LIPON COATINGS FOR HIGH VOLTAGE AND HIGH TEMPERATURE LI-ION BATTERY CATHODES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

17. A lithium ion battery comprising;
an anode;
a cathode comprising a cathode material, wherein the cathode material is provided as particles;
an electrolyte disposed between the anode and the cathode; and,
an ionic conducting protective layer disposed between the cathode and the electrolyte, the protective layer comprising lithium
phosphorus oxynitride and at least rye electronic transport enhancing dopant, and the protective layer is provided as a uniform
coating of from 0.5 nm to 10 nm on all sides of the particles prior to the electrode preparation, the coated particles being
unannealed; and,

the battery having capacity retention at 60° C.

US Pat. No. 9,562,646

HYDROGEN STORAGE CONTAINER

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An apparatus for bulk storage of high-pressure hydrogen gas comprising:
a plurality of multi-layered tanks adapted to hold the high-pressure hydrogen gas for selective discharge through a distribution
unit, each of the plurality of multi-layered tanks including an inner layer and an outer layer each being a metal material,
wherein said inner layer is nested within said outer layer, and wherein said inner layer is resistant to hydrogen embrittlement
and permits the transfer of hydrogen gas therethrough for venting from said multi-layered tank;

a pre-stressed concrete pressure vessel disposed around said plurality of multi-layered tanks and entirely enclosing said
plurality of multi-layered tanks except through said distribution unit, said pre-stressed concrete pressure vessel adapted
to provide at least a portion of structural support for said plurality of multi-layered tanks,

wherein the high-pressure hydrogen gas exerts a cylinder stress on each of said plurality of multi-layered tanks, each of
said plurality of multi-layered tanks being adapted to carry a first portion of the cylinder stress and said pre-stressed
concrete pressure vessel being adapted to carry a second portion of the cylinder stress, wherein, for each of said plurality
of multi-layered tanks, the first portion of the cylinder stress as carried by said multi-layered tank is a substantial portion
of the cylinder stress including up to 50% of the cylinder stress, and wherein the second portion of the cylinder stress as
carried by said pre-stressed concrete pressure vessel is a substantial portion of the cylinder stress including at least 50%
of the cylinder stress.

US Pat. No. 9,541,498

DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM FOR MEASURING TEMPERATURE, PRESSURE, CO2 CONCENTRATION AND H2O CONCENTRATION IN A FLUID STREAM

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A probe for sampling a fluid stream comprising:
a tubular housing having a sampling end and an opposite detecting end, said housing having a body that defines at least one
flow cell at the sampling end;

a mirror disposed in said housing at the sampling end; said mirror having a reflective surface facing the detecting end;
a lens disposed in said housing 40 between said mirror and the detecting end;

a window disposed in said housing between said lens and the detecting end;
a collet disposed in said housing between said window and the detecting end, said collet having an outer wall that defines
a counter bore open to the detecting end, a plurality of raceways and a keyway;

a first insert disposed in said collet bore, said first insert having a plurality of matching raceways and a key for engaging
with the keyway;

a second insert disposed in said collet bore between said first insert and the detecting end, said second insert having a
plurality of matching raceways and a key for engaging with the keyway;

a pitch hollow wave guide disposed within one of the plurality of raceways in said inserts and said collet, said pitch hollow
wave guide exiting said housing at the detecting end;

a catch hollow wave guide disposed within one of the plurality of raceways in said inserts and said collet, said catch hollow
wave guide exiting said housing at the detecting end;

a pitch optical fiber disposed within one of the plurality of raceways in said inserts and said collet, said pitch optical
fiber exiting said housing at the detecting end;

a catch optical fiber disposed within one of the plurality of raceways in said inserts and said collet, said catch optical
fiber exiting said housing at the detecting end;

an inner tube disposed in said housing adjacent to said second insert at the detecting end, said end tube surrounding said
hollow wave guides and said optical fibers, said inner tube having male threads for cooperating with female threads inside
said housing such that said inner tube can retract into or extend out of said housing with a turning motion; and

wherein, when said inner tube is turned in one direction in relation to said housing, said inner tube retracts into said housing,
causing said first insert to grip said hollow wave guides and said optical fibers such that they are fixed in place in relation
to said lens.

US Pat. No. 9,533,921

ZEOLITIC CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF ALOCHOLS TO HYDROCARBONS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC., Oak R...

1. A method for converting an alcohol to a hydrocarbon product containing comprising no more than 20% C2 hydrocarbon compounds, the method comprising contacting said alcohol with a vanadium-loaded ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst at a temperature
of at least 250° C. and up to 350° C. and at a liquid hourly space velocity of up to 5 hr?1, wherein said alcohol can be produced by a fermentation process and is selected from ethanol, butanol, isobutanol, or combination
thereof and is a component of an aqueous solution in a concentration of no more than about 20%.

US Pat. No. 9,528,197

CONTROLLED CHEMICAL STABILIZATION OF POLYVINYL PRECURSOR FIBER, AND HIGH STRENGTH CARBON FIBER PRODUCED THEREFROM

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for the preparation of carbon fiber from a sulfonated polyvinyl precursor fiber having sulfonic acid groups thereon,
the method comprising:
(i) immersing the sulfonated polyvinyl precursor fiber into a liquid solution comprised of an ionic liquid solvent and a solute
species capable of engaging in an elimination-addition equilibrium with said sulfonic acid groups, wherein said ionic liquid
solvent has a boiling point of at least 350° C.;

(ii) heating said liquid solution, after said sulfonated polyvinyl precursor fiber has been immersed therein, to a first temperature
of at least 25° C. at which said sulfonated polyvinyl precursor fiber engages in an elimination-addition equilibrium between
said sulfonic acid groups and said liquid solution while the sulfonated polyvinyl precursor fiber is maintained at an applied
tension of at least 0.1 MPa;

(iii) gradually raising said first temperature to a final temperature of at least 300° C. at an average temperature ramp rate
of up to 50° C. per minute, wherein said final temperature is at least 20° C. above the first temperature and up to the boiling
point of the liquid solution for sufficient time to convert said sulfonated polyvinyl precursor fiber to a pre-carbonized
fiber; and

(iv) subjecting the pre-carbonized fiber produced according to step (iii) to a high temperature carbonization process to produce
said carbon fiber, wherein said high temperature carbonization process is conducted at a temperature of at least 500° C.

US Pat. No. 9,494,478

CARBON NANOTUBE TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE SENSORS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A sensor comprising:
a sensor element including a plurality of electrically interconnected nanostructures in which electrical properties of the
electrically interconnected nanostructures are varied by application of temperature or pressure to the sensor element, the
plurality of electrically interconnected nanostructures provide at least part of a resonator;

a power supply to the plurality of electrically interconnected nanostructures, wherein the connectivity of the power supply
to the electrically interconnected nanostructures provides a circuit, wherein changes in the electrical properties result
in an impedance change in the sensor element of the circuit that is correlated to temperature or pressure, wherein the impedance
change between 1 Hz and 300 KHz is correlated for temperature.

US Pat. No. 9,475,039

HYDROTHERMALLY STABLE, LOW-TEMPERATURE NOX REDUCTION NH3-SCR CATALYST

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A catalyst composition comprising a heterobimetallic zeolite characterized by a chabazite structure loaded with copper
ions and at least one trivalent metal ion other than Al3+, wherein said copper ions are present in said catalyst in a loading amount of above 1 wt % and said at least one trivalent
metal ion other than Al3+ is present in said catalyst in a loading amount of less than 1 wt %, and said copper and trivalent metal ion loading amounts
are effective to achieve a NOx conversion at 150° C. of at least 50% in the presence of an ammonia reductant.

US Pat. No. 9,293,772

GRADIENT POROUS ELECTRODE ARCHITECTURES FOR RECHARGEABLE METAL-AIR BATTERIES

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

33. A method of making a cathode for a metal air battery, comprising the step of forming a cathode support from a cathode
material comprising pores, the cathode support having a metal side and an air side, such that the porosity continuously decreases
from the air side to the metal side.

US Pat. No. 9,129,039

SCENARIO DRIVEN DATA MODELLING: A METHOD FOR INTEGRATING DIVERSE SOURCES OF DATA AND DATA STREAMS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A computer readable storage device storing a program of instructions executable by a machine to perform a method of integrating
diverse sources of data and data streams, the method comprising:
selecting a scenario for refinement based on a topic, the scenario comprising a text document that describes the topic to
be examined, the scenario identifying one or more downstream data users and uses that drive said refinement of the scenario;

creating a multi-relational directed graph based on the scenario;
identifying and converting resources in accordance with the scenario and updating the multi-directed graph based on the converted
resources;

identifying data feeds in accordance with the scenario and updating the multi-directed graph based on the data feeds;
creating detectors operable to continuously provide data related to the topic, the detectors receiving said data from said
data feeds;

identifying analytical routines that compare information in said data to the scenario and updating the multi-directed graph
using the analytical routines, the analytical routines comprising sensors that subscribe to said detectors and responsive
to receiving said data, perform at least one of:

comparing, based on alignment, sequences in a data stream to sequences in entities of the multi-relational directed graph,
and adding one or more statements to the multi-directed graph based on finding a match;

performing analysis among the entities, literals associated with the scenario and represented as a node in the multi-directed
graph and ontologies associated with the scenario and linked to the multi-directed graph, wherein one or more relationship
statements are generated between two or more of an entity, a literal, and an ontology in the multi-directed graph; and

linking the entities to samples corresponding to events; and
identifying data outputs in accordance with the scenario at least based on one of the one or more statements and the one or
more relationship statements and defining queries to produce the data outputs from the multi-directed graph,

the method further comprising consuming one or more messages from one or more of the sensors indicating a match in said data,
the consuming performed by a controller comprising a state machine, and the controller publishing an advisory responsive to
finding that all conditions in the scenario are met based on said one or more consumed messages.

US Pat. No. 9,068,933

EGR DISTRIBUTION AND FLUCTUATION PROBE BASED ON CO2 MEASUREMENTS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An apparatus for determining concentration of a substance in a fluid stream, the apparatus comprising:
a laser light source coupled to a first end of a pitch optic cable, the laser light source being a swept-? laser configured
to produce light output over a sweep range that includes a region having a significant absorption feature of the substance
and at least one region of substantially zero absorption;

a lens disposed proximate a second end of the pitch optic cable for directing the light through a sampling chamber to a mirror;
a catch optic cable having a second end disposed proximate said lens;
a catch optic affixed to a first end of said catch optic cable, said catch optic including a detector, said detector providing
an output signal representative of light intensity across said sweep range; and

a processor coupled to said detector, said processor configured to determine said concentration as a function of said output
signal.

US Pat. No. 9,044,739

FOAM-BASED ADSORBENTS HAVING HIGH ADSORPTION CAPACITIES FOR RECOVERING DISSOLVED METALS AND METHODS THEREOF

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for forming a foam-based adsorbent for the recovery of metal ions from an aqueous solution, the method comprising:
exposing a polymer foam to ionizing radiation and co-grafting polymerizable monomers containing nitrile and hydrophilic groups
to form grafted side chains;

reacting the nitrile groups in the grafted side chains with hydroxylamine to convert the nitrile groups into amidoxime groups;
and

conditioning the grafted polymer foam with an alkaline solution.

US Pat. No. 9,873,094

CROSS-LINKED POLYMERIC MEMBRANES FOR CARBON DIOXIDE SEPARATION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A membrane useful in gas separation, the membrane comprising a cross-linked polysiloxane structure having a cross-link
density of about 0.1×10?5 mol/cm3 to no more than 2.5×10?5 mol/cm3.

US Pat. No. 9,732,444

METHOD OF SYNTHESIZING SILICA NANOFIBERS USING SOUND WAVES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of forming oxide nanofibers comprising:
providing a polymer-based solution;
adding an oxide-based compound to the polymer-based solution to form a reaction mixture; and
sonicating the reaction mixture to synthesize a plurality of oxide nanofibers having an average cross-sectional diameter of
not more than 70 nm;

wherein the oxide-based compound comprises a silica-based compound or a titania-based compound.

US Pat. No. 9,650,537

REACTIVE POLYMER FUSED DEPOSITION MANUFACTURING

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A process for manufacturing a component using additive manufacturing comprising the steps of:
melting a supply of polymer material;
adjusting the viscosity of the polymer material in the melted form for deposition by partially cross-linking the melted polymer
material prior to the depositing;

depositing the polymer material in the melted form in a plurality of layers to form the component;
solidifying the deposited polymer material; and
additionally cross-linking the working material within the component to form chemical bonds across the plurality of layers.

US Pat. No. 9,668,885

METHOD OF MAKING SELF-CLEANING SKIN-LIKE PROSTHETIC POLYMER SURFACES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making an external covering for use with a mechanical device that provides the external surface of the device
with an external skin layer, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a mold having a cavity with a predetermined shape and at least one surface having a pattern selected as one from
the group of a nano-funnel array, micro-funnel array, or combination thereof;

inserting a film into the cavity of the mold, the film being comprised of a polymer composite with carbon nanotubes embedded
therein and oriented such that the external skin layer exhibits a gradient in mechanical properties; wherein the film has
a first side and a second side; the first side of the film being in contact with the patterned surface of the mold's cavity;

applying one selected from the group of heat, vacuum, pressure, or a combination thereof to the cavity or the film to form
the film into the predetermined shape and to induce the formation of superhydrophobic cone-shaped projections on the first
side of the film;

back-molding an internal bulk layer to be in contact with the second side of the film, thereby, forming the external covering;
the internal bulk layer comprising a flexible material that can conform to the shape of the mechanical device and be fastened
thereto;

opening a gap in the mold and injecting an in-mold coating into the gap to form a coating on the first side of the film, the
coating being cured, such that the coating exhibits the contour of the cone-shaped projections and does not cause planarization
of the outer surface on the first side of the film; and

cooling and removing the external covering from the mold;
wherein the cone-shaped projections provide the external skin layer with superhydrophobicity, while the embedded carbon nanotubes
provide the external skin layer with the ability to transmit heat and enhanced mechanical properties as compared to an external
covering comprising the polymer composite film absent the embedded carbon nanotubes; the enhanced mechanical properties being
defined as an anisotropic increase in Young's modulus, hardness, and scratch resistance, and an anisotropic decrease in polymer
creep.

US Pat. No. 9,640,976

OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEMS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A wireless power transfer overvoltage protection system comprising:
a resonant receiving circuit comprising, an inductor, a resonant capacitor and a first switching device, the inductor having
a first end and a second end, the first switching device being connected between the first end and the second end of the inductor,
the resonant receiving circuit being connected to a rectifier and a filter capacitor, the first switching device having a
first state in which the first end and the second end of the inductor are electrically coupled to each other through the first
switching device, and a second state in which the inductor and resonant capacitor are capable of resonating; and

a control module configured to control the first switching device to switching between the first state and the second state
when the resonant receiving circuit is charging a load and a preset condition is satisfied and otherwise, the first switching
device is maintained in the first state.

US Pat. No. 9,612,160

EMISSIVITY INDEPENDENT OPTICAL PYROMETER

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method implemented by computing hardware, comprising the steps of:
receiving a plurality of spectral radiance measurements at a plurality of wavelengths from a surface of an object;
receiving a surface reflectance measurement from the surface of the object;
correcting the received plurality of spectral radiance measurements for surface reflectance changes by multiplying the plurality
of spectral radiance measurements with a ratio of the surface reflectance measurement over a low-temperature material reflectance
spectrum of the object to produce corrected spectral radiance measurements;

fitting the plurality of the corrected spectral radiance measurements to a scaled version of a black body curve, with the
computing hardware, wherein the fitting step comprises determining a temperature of the scaled version of the black body curve;
and

outputting the temperature for the scaled version of the black body curve that fits the plurality of the corrected spectral
radiance measurements.

US Pat. No. 9,497,204

IN-SITU TRAINABLE INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A computer implemented method that detects intrusions using a computer by analysing network traffic comprising:
coupling a semi-supervised learning module to a network node that uses labeled and unlabeled data to train a semi-supervised
machine learning sensor;

recording events that comprise a feature set that include unauthorized intrusions and benign requests;
identifying at least some of the benign behavior that occurs during the recording of the events while treating the remainder
of the data as unlabeled; and

training the semi-supervised learning module at the network node in-situ, such that the computer implemented method including
the semi-supervised learning module is configured to identify the malicious traffic without relying on specific rules, signatures,
or an anomaly detection;

where the semi-supervised machine learning sensor comprises an extension of a plurality of pipelines and filters and the feature
set is stored in one of the plurality of pipelines that the semi-supervised learning module is trained.

US Pat. No. 9,476,785

CARBON NANOTUBE TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE SENSORS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:
a plurality of sets of flexible membranes, the plurality of sets of flexible membranes are layered in a first direction, each
adjacent set being separated in the first direction by a distance prior to application of pressure, each set of flexible membranes
includes at least two membranes, where each flexible membrane includes electrically interconnected nanostructures; and

a power source to the electrically interconnected nanostructures, wherein an external force applied to the pressure sensor
deforms at least one of the plurality of set of flexible membranes where adjacent flexible members of the at least two members
in the at least one of the plurality of sets contact, wherein changes in the electrical properties of the at least one of
the plurality of sets of flexible membranes that results from the external force is correlated to a pressure value for the
external force.

US Pat. No. 9,435,033

CORROSION PREVENTION OF MAGNESIUM SURFACES VIA SURFACE CONVERSION TREATMENTS USING IONIC LIQUIDS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for conversion coating a magnesium-containing surface, the method comprising contacting the magnesium-containing
surface with an ionic liquid compound under conditions that result in decomposition of the ionic liquid compound to produce
a conversion coated magnesium-containing surface having a substantially improved corrosion resistance relative to the magnesium-containing
surface before said conversion coating, wherein said decomposition results in breakage of one or more covalent bonds in a
cationic or anionic component of the ionic liquid, wherein said conditions comprise tribological treatment of the magnesium-containing
surface during contact of the magnesium-containing surface with said ionic liquid compound.
US Pat. No. 9,403,156

ZEOLITE-BASED SCR CATALYSTS AND THEIR USE IN DIESEL ENGINE EMISSION TREATMENT

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A catalyst comprising a pentasil-containing zeolite loaded with copper ions and at least one trivalent metal ion other
than Al+3, wherein said copper ions are present in said catalyst in a loading amount of at least 1 wt % and said at least one trivalent
metal ion other than Al3+ is present in said catalyst in a loading amount of less than 1 wt %, and said copper and trivalent metal ion loading amounts
are effective to achieve a NOx conversion at 150° C. of at least 50% in the presence of an ammonia reductant.

US Pat. No. 9,347,138

IN-SITU COMPOSITE FORMATION OF DAMAGE TOLERANT COATINGS UTILIZING LASER

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A coated steel component comprising:
a steel substrate; and
a discontinuous pattern of surface features, each surface feature comprising a plurality of layers, wherein each layer comprises
an iron comprising matrix containing crystalline particles,

wherein each of the plurality of layers has a thickness of from 100 to 700 ?m, and
wherein said features are metallurgically bound to a surface of said substrate,
wherein each of said surface features comprises an inner core of lower hardness than the outer surface of the feature, and
wherein the inner core has a hardness of 226.8 to 450 kg/mm2 and the outer surface of the feature has a hardness of from 825 to 1,350 kg/mm2.

US Pat. No. 9,337,470

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IN-SITU DRYING INVESTIGATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF SLURRY DRYING METHODOLOGY

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of drying casted slurries comprising;
calculating drying conditions from a mathematical drying model for a cast slurry coating comprising a suspension of lithium-containing
particles in a solvent and wherein said cast slurry coating has a top surface and an opposing bottom surface;

forming said cast slurry coating on a metal foil substrate suitable for a lithium-ion battery, wherein the opposing bottom
surface of the cast slurry coating is in contact with said substrate;

positioning an infrared spot heater on one of either the top or opposing bottom surface of the cast slurry coating and positioning
a thermal probe on an opposing side of the cast slurry coating, wherein the infrared spot heater controls the temperature
of the cast slurry coating during drying and the thermal probe measures the temperature of the cast slurry coating during
drying;

positioning a balance under the opposing bottom surface of the cast slurry coating to measure evaporation of the solvent by
weight loss during drying;

and
drying the cast slurry coating under the drying conditions from the mathematical drying model while observing the cast slurry
coating with an optical microscope of sufficient resolving power to observe microstructural changes in the cast slurry coating
during drying.

US Pat. No. 9,731,249

POLYMERIC MOLECULAR SIEVE MEMBRANES FOR GAS SEPARATION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A porous polymer membrane useful in gas separation, the porous polymer membrane comprising a polymeric structure having
crosslinked aromatic groups and a hierarchical porosity in which micropores having a pore size less than 2 nm are present
at least in an outer layer of the porous polymer membrane, and macropores having a pore size of over 50 nm are present at
least in an inner layer of the porous polymer membrane.

US Pat. No. 9,610,608

SELF-ASSEMBLY PATTERNING OF ORGANIC MOLECULES ON A SURFACE

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A molecular monolayer self-assembly system comprising:
a substrate;
an organic molecule layer disposed on the substrate; and
an electron excitation source configured to generate an electron-induced reaction of the organic molecule layer that modifies
a structure of the organic molecule layer between a flat lying disordered state and a three dimensional ordered state through
tautomerization.

US Pat. No. 9,552,911

HF—CO—B ALLOYS AS PERMANENT MAGNET MATERIALS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A melt-spun, annealed alloy composition consisting essentially of melt-spun, annealed ferromagnetic Hf2-XZrXCo11BY, wherein 0?X<2 and 0 at least one non-equilibrium phase.

US Pat. No. 9,515,318

MESOPOROUS METAL OXIDE MICROSPHERE ELECTRODE COMPOSITIONS AND THEIR METHODS OF MAKING

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A mesoporous titanium dioxide microsphere electrode for a battery comprising:
a mesoporous titanium dioxide microsphere composition comprising: (a) titanium dioxide microspheres that are at least 50 weight
% TiO2-B with an average diameter between 200 nanometers (nm) and 10 micrometers (?m); (b) mesopores on the surface and interior
of the titanium dioxide microspheres, wherein the mesopores have an average diameter between 1 nm and 50 nm and the titanium
dioxide microspheres have a surface area between 50 m2/g and 500 m2/g.

US Pat. No. 9,327,267

POWDER-BASED ADSORBENTS HAVING HIGH ADSORPTION CAPACITIES FOR RECOVERING DISSOLVED METALS AND METHODS THEREOF

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for forming a powder-based adsorbent for the recovery of metal ions from an aqueous solution, the method comprising:
exposing a polymer fiber to ionizing radiation, the polymer fiber defining a mean diameter of less than 15 microns;
co-grafting polymerizable monomers containing nitrile and hydrophilic groups onto the irradiated polymer fiber to form grafted
side chains;

reacting the nitrile groups in the grafted side chains with a reagent to convert the nitrile groups into amidoxime groups;
conditioning the polymer fiber with an alkaline solution; and
grinding the co-grafted polymer fiber into polymer granules to form a powder-based adsorbent having grafted side chains with
amidoxime groups.

US Pat. No. 10,048,236

OPEN PORT SAMPLING INTERFACE

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for sampling droplets, comprising:a probe comprising an outer probe housing having an open end; a liquid supply conduit within the housing and having an outlet positioned to deliver liquid to the open end of the housing, the liquid supply conduit being connectable to a liquid supply for delivering liquid at a first volumetric flow rate to the open end of the housing, and a liquid exhaust conduit within the housing for removing liquid from the open end of the housing;
a liquid exhaust system in fluid connection with the liquid exhaust conduit for removing liquid from the liquid exhaust conduit at a second volumetric flow rate;
a droplet dispenser that dispenses drops of a sample or a sample-containing solvent into the open end of the housing;
wherein during operation of the system, liquid at the open end receives the drops from the droplet dispenser, and the liquid containing the drops is drawn into and through the liquid exhaust conduit;
and an overflow collection system for collecting overflow liquid from the open end of the probe.

US Pat. No. 9,768,885

PILOT-AIDED FEEDFORWARD DATA RECOVERY IN OPTICAL COHERENT COMMUNICATIONS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for pilot-aided feedforward data recovery comprising:
transmitting, from a signal light source, an optical signal including a signal pulse and a reference pulse, the signal pulse
carrying information encoded therein;

detecting the optical signal at an optical coherent receiver, the signal light source and the optical coherent receiver being
coupled through an optical channel;

measuring the quadrature values of the signal pulse and the reference pulse using a first local oscillator and a second local
oscillator, respectively, generated from a common local oscillator source, wherein measuring the quadrature values includes
mixing the signal pulse with the first local oscillator and mixing the reference pulse with the second local oscillator and
is performed with a 90-degree optical hybrid that provides an output to balanced photodetectors;

determining the phase difference between the signal light source and the local oscillator source based on the measured quadrature
values of the reference pulse; and

recovering the information (I0, Q0) from the measured quadrature values (IS, QS) of the signal pulse using the determined phase difference between the signal light source and the local oscillator source
and the following equations, in which ?S,i is a phase correction term that is a function of the phase difference between the signal light source and the local oscillator
source:

I0=IS cos ?S,i?QS sin ?S,i
Q0=IS sin ?S,i+Qs cos ?S,i.

US Pat. No. 9,694,352

METHOD FOR TREATING ENGINE EXHAUST BY USE OF HYDROTHERMALLY STABLE, LOW-TEMPERATURE NOX REDUCTION NH3-SCR CATALYSTS

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of treating engine exhaust, the method comprising contacting said engine exhaust with a catalyst at a temperature
of 150° C., and optionally at a subsequent temperature above 150° C., in the presence of an ammonia reductant, wherein said
catalyst comprises a heterobimetallic zeolite characterized by a chabazite structure loaded with copper ions and at least
one trivalent metal ion other than Al3+, wherein said copper ions are present in said catalyst in a loading amount of above 1 wt % and said at least one trivalent
metal ion other than Al3+ is present in said catalyst in a loading amount of less than 1 wt %, and said copper and trivalent metal ion loading amounts
are effective to achieve a NOx conversion at 150° C. of at least 50% in the presence of said ammonia reductant.

US Pat. No. 9,668,884

METHOD OF MAKING SELF-CLEANING SKIN-LIKE PROSTHETIC POLYMER SURFACES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making an external covering for use with a mechanical device that provides the external surface of the device
with an external skin layer, the method comprising the steps of:
providing a mold having a cavity with a predetermined shape and at least one surface having a pattern selected as one from
the group of a nano-funnel array, micro-funnel array, or combination thereof;

inserting a film into the cavity of the mold, the film being comprised of a polymer composite with carbon nanotubes embedded
therein and oriented such that the external skin layer exhibits a gradient in mechanical properties; wherein the film has
a first side and a second side; the first side of the film being in contact with the patterned surface of the mold's cavity;

applying one selected from the group of heat, vacuum, pressure, or a combination thereof to the cavity or the film to form
the film into the predetermined shape and to induce the formation of cone-shaped projections on the first side of the film;

back-molding an internal bulk layer to be in contact with the second side of the film, thereby, forming the external covering;
the internal bulk layer comprising a flexible material that can conform to the shape of the mechanical device and be fastened
thereto;

cooling and removing the external covering from the mold;
wherein the cone-shaped projections provide the external skin layer with superhydrophobicity, while the embedded carbon nanotubes
provide the external skin layer with the ability to transmit heat and enhanced mechanical properties as compared to an external
covering comprising a polymer composite film of similar composition but absent the embedded carbon nanotubes; the enhanced
mechanical properties being defined as an anisotropic increase in Young's modulus, hardness, and scratch resistance, and an
anisotropic decrease in polymer creep.

US Pat. No. 9,564,251

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR STRIPPING TRITIUM FROM MOLTEN SALT

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of stripping tritium from flowing stream of molten salt comprising the steps of:
a. providing a tritium-separating membrane structure having a porous support selected from a group consisting of stainless
steel and nickel-based alloy, a nanoporous structural metal-ion diffusion barrier layer supported by and in contact with said
porous support, and a gas-tight, nonporous palladium-bearing separative layer supported by and in contact with said nanoporous
structural metal-ion diffusion barrier layer;

b. directing the flowing stream of molten salt into contact with said palladium-bearing layer so that tritium contained within
the molten salt is absorbed by said nonporous palladium-bearing separative layer, transported through said tritium-separating
membrane structure; and

c. contacting a sweep gas with said porous support for collecting the tritium.

US Pat. No. 9,550,166

STRONTIUM COBALTITE OXYGEN SPONGE CATALYST AND METHODS OF USE

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A catalyst comprising epitaxially stabilized strontium cobaltite having a first oxidation state that reversibly transitions
to a second oxidation state at a temperature of between about 200° C. and about 340° C., wherein:
one of said first and second oxidation states is defined as SrCoO3-?;

? is less than or equal to 0.1;
and the other of said first and second oxidation states is defined as SrCoO2.5,

wherein the strontium cobaltite is stabilized on a substrate selected from the group consistin of: perovskite (ABO3), SrTiO3, and (LaAlO3)0.3—(Sr2AlTaO6)0.7; and wherein A is selected from the group consisting of an alkaline metal and an alkaline earth element, and B is a transitional
metal.

US Pat. No. 9,539,149

SUPERHYDROPHOBIC, DIATOMACEOUS EARTH COMPRISING BANDAGES AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A bandage comprising:
a substrate comprising a first surface and a plurality of coated particles,
wherein each coated particle comprises
a porous diatomaceous earth (DE) particle, having a highly-partitioned surface topography comprising ridges and peaks extending
outwardly from the porous DE particle and

a hydrophobic layer, continuously conforming to and covalently bonded to the surface of the porous DE particle, such that
the ridges and peaks of the porous DE particle are at least partially retained,

wherein the porous DE particle is not subjected to heat treatment in excess of 800° C.,
wherein each coated particle is superhydrophobic.

US Pat. No. 9,441,644

ENERGY EFFICIENT FLUID POWERED LINEAR ACTUATOR WITH VARIABLE AREA

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A linear actuation system comprising:
two or more double-acting hydraulic cylinders with each hydraulic cylinder having a cylinder barrel, a cap end wall and a
rod end wall that define an interior volume, the barrel surrounds a piston that partitions the interior volume into an extension
chamber and a retraction chamber, the piston transfers a force to a load or absorbs a force from an external load;

a low pressure valve fluidly coupling each extension chamber and retraction chamber to a low pressure reservoir;
a high pressure valve fluidly coupling each extension chamber and retraction chamber to a high pressure accumulator; and
wherein, when the system is configured in an energy consuming mode and the load force is in an opposite direction as an extending
piston force, the high pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension chamber of an active cylinder to the high pressure accumulator
and the low pressure valve fluidly coupling the retraction chamber of the active cylinder to the low pressure reservoir are
configured in an open position, and the high pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension and retraction chambers of a passive
cylinder to the high pressure accumulator are configured in a closed position and the low pressure valve fluidly coupling
the extension and retraction chambers of the passive cylinder to the low pressure reservoir are configured in an open position,
and

when the system is configured in an energy consuming mode and the load force is in an opposite direction as a retracting piston
force, the high pressure valve fluidly coupling the retraction chamber of an active cylinder to the high pressure accumulator
and the low pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension chamber of the active cylinder to the low pressure reservoir are
configured in an open position, and the high pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension and retraction chambers of a passive
cylinder to the high pressure accumulator are configured in a closed position and the low pressure valve fluidly coupling
the extension and retraction chambers of the passive cylinder to the low pressure reservoir are configured in an open position,
and

when the system is configured in an energy recovery mode and the load force is in the same direction as an extending piston,
the high pressure valve fluidly coupling the retraction chamber of an active cylinder to the high pressure accumulator and
the low pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension chamber of the active cylinder to the low pressure reservoir are configured
in an open position, and the high pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension and retraction chambers of a passive cylinder
to the high pressure accumulator are configured in a closed position and the low pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension
and retraction chambers of the passive cylinder to the low pressure reservoir are configured in an open position, and

when the system is configured in an energy recovery mode and the load force is in the same direction as a retracting piston,
the high pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension chamber of an active cylinder to the high pressure accumulator and
the low pressure valve fluidly coupling the retraction chamber of the active cylinder to the low pressure reservoir are configured
in an open position, and the high pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension and retraction chambers of a passive cylinder
to the high pressure accumulator are configured in a closed position and the low pressure valve fluidly coupling the extension
and retraction chambers of the passive cylinder to the low pressure reservoir are configured in an open position.

US Pat. No. 9,395,278

SURFACE SAMPLING CONCENTRATION AND REACTION PROBE WITH CONTROLLER TO ADJUST SAMPLING POSITION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system comprising for analyzing a chemical composition of a specimen comprising:
a probe comprising:
an outer capillary tube, and
an inner capillary tube disposed co-axially within said outer capillary tube, said inner and outer capillary tubes defining
a solvent capillary and a sampling capillary in fluid communication with one another at a distal end of the probe;

the outer capillary tube having an inner diameter H, and h is a distance between a tip of said outer capillary and a tip of
said inner capillary tube, solvent flowing through the solvent capillary forming a continuous liquid microjunction across
the surface of the specimen spanning at least the inner diameter H of the outer capillary tube;

an adjuster coupled to said outer capillary tube and said inner capillary tube, said adjuster for moving a tip of said outer
capillary tube and a tip of said inner capillary tube longitudinally relative to one another; and

a controller communicatively coupled to said adjuster, said controller being configured for actuating said adjuster to impart
relative longitudinal motion between said outer capillary tube and said inner capillary tube, wherein the controller actuates
said adjuster to maintain a plug volume proximate a solvent-specimen interface and within the liquid microjunction, the plug
volume having a height less than h, wherein said plug volume is in fluid communication with said probe and the capillary ratio
(h/H) exceeds 1.0.

US Pat. No. 9,851,296

DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM FOR MEASURING TEMPERATURE, PRESSURE, CO2 CONCENTRATION AND H2O CONCENTRATION IN A FLUID STREAM

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for determining the concentration of CO2 in a complex fluid stream, the system comprising:
a first laser light source that is coupled to a first end of a first pitch optic cable, the first laser light source being
a swept-? laser configured to produce light output over a sweep range that includes a region having a significant absorption
feature of CO2 and at least one region of substantially zero absorption;

a second laser light source coupled to a first end of a second pitch optic cable, the second laser light source configured
to produce light output that includes a region having a significant absorption feature of H2O;

a lens disposed proximate a second end of each of the first and second pitch optic cables for directing the first and second
lights through a sampling chamber to a mirror;

a first catch optic cable having a second end disposed proximate said lens for receiving light output from said first laser
light source that is reflected from said mirror;

a second catch optic cable having a second end disposed proximate said lens for receiving light output from said second laser
light source that is reflected from said mirror;

a first detector affixed to a first end of said first catch optic cable, said first detector providing a first output signal
that is representative of light intensity across said sweep range;

a second detector affixed to a first end of said second catch optic cable, said second detector providing a second output
signal that is representative of light intensity at the H2O absorption region; and

a processor coupled to said first and said second detectors, said processor configured to determine the concentration of CO2 as a function of said first and said second output signals.

US Pat. No. 9,823,183

EXTENDING THE RANGE OF TURBIDITY MEASUREMENT USING POLARIMETRY

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An apparatus, comprising:
a light source situated to direct a light flux in a first state of polarization (SOP) along first axis;
a sample container situated on the first axis so as to receive the light flux;
at least one detector situated along a second axis that is at an angle with respect to the first axis, the detector producing
an electrical detection signal in response to a portion of the light flux scattered in the sample container;

at least one polarizer situated along the second axis between the sample container and the detector, wherein the at least
one polarizer is oriented so as to produce at least a first electrical detection signal and a second electrical detection
signal simultaneous from the photodetector corresponding to different states of polarization of the portion of the scattered
light flux; and

a processor that produces an estimate of specimen scattering based on the first and second electrical detection signals.

US Pat. No. 9,771,656

SUPERHYDROPHOBIC FILMS AND METHODS FOR MAKING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC FILMS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making a superhydrophobic film on a substrate comprising:
depositing a first component in a first phase and a second component in a second phase onto the substrate, the first phase
being immiscible with the second phase such that a film is formed comprising a plurality of nanostructures of the first phase
and nanostructures of the second phase, wherein during the depositing step the substrate is maintained at a temperature of
from 400 to 900 degrees C., and the first component and the second component do not react with each other and remain insoluble
and phase-separated during and after the depositing step;

wherein the nanostructures of the first phase are lattice mismatched with the nanostructures of the second phase, such that
the nanostructures of the first phase and the nanostructures of the second phase when deposited create a roughened surface;

lowering the temperature of the deposited film of the nanostructures of the first component in the first phase and the second
component in the second phase to below 400 degrees C.; and

coating the nanostructures with a hydrophobic layer to render the film superhydrophobic.

US Pat. No. 9,726,410

PORTABLE REFRIGERANT CHARGE METER AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE ACTUAL REFRIGERANT CHARGE IN HVAC SYSTEMS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for determining the level of actual refrigerant charge in an HVAC system with a refrigerant charge meter, the
method comprising the steps of:
a. measuring a first temperature (T1) in degrees Kelvin at the point of the system's condenser coil where both refrigerant vapor and refrigerant liquid exist
in equilibrium with a thermocouple of the refrigerant charge meter and storing the first temperature (T1) in a memory device;

b. measuring a second temperature (T2) in degrees Kelvin at an exit point of the condenser coil of the system with a thermocouple of the refrigerant charge meter
and storing the second temperature (T2) in a memory device of the refrigerant charge meter;

c. determining with a processing device of the refrigerant charge meter a subcooling temperature (?TSC) in degrees Kelvin according to the equation ?TSC=T1?T2;

d. identifying a refrigerant type disposed in the system;
e. identifying an expansion device type disposed in the system;
f. identifying a cycle mode of the system;
g. identifying an outside diameter in inches of each of an outdoor heat exchanger unit tube (DOD), an indoor heat exchanger unit tube (DID), and a liquid line tube (DLL);

h. identifying a length in feet of each of an outdoor heat exchanger unit tube (LOD), an indoor heat exchanger unit tube (LID), and a liquid line tube (LLL);

i. entering with an input device of the refrigerant charge meter and storing into the memory device of the refrigerant charge
meter the refrigerant type, the expansion device type, the cycle mode, the outdoor heat exchanger unit tube diameter (DOD), the indoor heat exchanger unit tube diameter (DID), the liquid line tube diameter (DLL), the outdoor heat exchanger unit tube length (LOD), the indoor heat exchanger unit tube length (LID), and the liquid line tube length (LLL);

j. determining with the processing device of the refrigerant charge meter an optimum refrigerant charge value (ORC) in pounds
from the outdoor heat exchanger unit tube diameter (DOD), the indoor heat exchanger unit tube diameter (DID), the liquid line tube diameter (DLL), the outdoor heat exchanger unit tube length (LOD), the indoor heat exchanger unit tube length (LID), and the liquid line tube length (LLL) according to the equation ORC (lb)=a1×LOD×(DOD?0.024)2+a2×LID×(DID?0.024)2+a3×LLL×(DLL?0.064)2 where coefficients a1, a2 and a3 are selected from Table 1, according to the refrigerant type entered in step i above;

k. determining with the processing device of the refrigerant charge meter the ratio (RCp) of the actual refrigerant charge level (ARC) (lb) to the optimized refrigerant charge level (ORC) (lb) according to the
equation (RCp)=(ARC)/(ORC)=f1×?T4SC+f2×?T3SC+f3×?T2SC+f4×?TSC+f5 where coefficients f1, f2, f3, f4 and f5 are selected from Table 2, according to the expansion device type entered in step i above, the cycle mode entered in step
i above, and (?TSC) calculated in step c above;

l. determining with the processing device of the refrigerant charge meter the actual refrigerant charge level (ARC) (lb) in
the system according to the equation ARC (lb)=RCp×ORC (lb);

m. determining with the processing device of the refrigerant charge meter the amount of refrigerant charge to add (?RC) (lb)
according to the equation ?RC (lb)=ORC(lb)?ARC (lb);

n. displaying one or more of the actual refrigerant charge level (ARC) (lb), the optimum refrigerant charge level (ORC)(lb)
and the refrigerant charge to be added (?RC) (lb) with a display device of the refrigerant charge meter.

US Pat. No. 9,722,245

SULFUR-CARBON NANOCOMPOSITES AND THEIR APPLICATION AS CATHODE MATERIALS IN LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of preparing a sulfur-carbon composite material for a cathodic material in a lithium ion battery, the method comprising:
(i) impregnating a bimodal porous carbon component with a solution of elemental sulfur, wherein said bimodal porous carbon
component contains a first mode of pores which are mesopores, and a second mode of pores which are micropores; and

(ii) annealing the sulfur-impregnated bimodal porous carbon component under an inert atmosphere;
wherein the resulting sulfur-carbon composite comprises: (i) said bimodal porous carbon component containing therein a first
mode of pores which are mesopores, and a second mode of pores which are micropores, and (ii) elemental sulfur contained in
at least a portion of said micropores; and

wherein at least 60 vol % of the micropores in the resulting sulfur-carbon composite is occupied by elemental sulfur while
no more than 5 vol % of the mesopores is occupied by elemental sulfur.

US Pat. No. 9,651,445

FLUID PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION AND LOCATION WITH MINIATURE RF TAGS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for detecting and locating a breach or an obstruction in a conduit that is carrying a fluid medium, the system
comprising:
a plurality of uniquely identifiable Radio Frequency (RF) tags for introducing into the conduit at an upstream point, each
uniquely identifiable RF tag of said plurality of uniquely identifiable RF tags included within a sensor pod having a tailored
size for effectively determining a size of the breach or the obstruction and a sensor also included within the respective
sensor pod for measuring a flow velocity of the fluid medium;

a first transceiver, said first transceiver being disposed on the outside of the conduit and proximate to the upstream point;
a second transceiver, said second transceiver being disposed on the outside of the conduit and proximate to a downstream point,
the downstream point located downstream of the upstream point in the direction that the fluid medium is flowing; and

wherein each respective uniquely identifiable RF tag of said plurality of uniquely identifiable RF tags communicate individually
with said first transceiver and only the uniquely identifiable RF tags that pass through the conduit without encountering
the breach or the obstruction communicate individually with said second transceiver such that the uniquely identifiable RF
tags that do not communicate with said second transceiver and the tailored size of their respective sensor pods, in combination,
provide an approximate size of the breach or the obstruction in the conduit and the flow velocity measurement provides a speed
and a direction component of the fluid medium in the conduit.

US Pat. No. 9,632,066

OPEN PORT SAMPLING INTERFACE

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A system for sampling a sample material, comprising:
a probe comprising an outer probe housing having an open end; a liquid supply conduit within the housing and having an outlet
positioned to deliver liquid to the open end of the housing, the liquid supply conduit being connectable to a liquid supply
for delivering liquid at a first volumetric flow rate to the open end of the housing, and a liquid exhaust conduit within
the housing for removing liquid from the open end of the housing;

a liquid exhaust system in fluid connection with the liquid exhaust conduit for removing liquid from the liquid exhaust conduit
at a second volumetric flow rate, the first volumetric flow rate exceeding the second volumetric flow rate, wherein during
operation of the system liquid at the open end receives sample material, liquid containing sample material is drawn into and
through the liquid exhaust conduit, and liquid overflows from the open end; and,

an overflow collection system for collecting the overflow liquid from the open end of the probe.

US Pat. No. 9,500,068

CAVITATION-BASED HYDRO-FRACTURING SIMULATOR

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An apparatus for generating a pulsed pressure induced cavitation technique from a pressurized working fluid to simulate
the hydrofracturing of a specimen when the working fluid and the specimen are installed in the apparatus, the apparatus comprising:
a pump that is fluidly coupled between a reservoir and a control valve, said control valve having an open position and a closed
position, said pump capable of raising the pressure of the working fluid at said control valve;

a test chamber for holding the installed specimen, said test chamber being fluidly coupled to said control valve and receiving
the working fluid from said control valve when said control valve is in the open position; and

wherein the control valve includes an outer housing having an upstream end defining both an inlet aperture that is fluidly
coupled to the pump and a pressure chamber, the pressure chamber accepting the pressurized working fluid via the inlet aperture,
and a downstream end defining a pulse cavity for discharging the pressurized working fluid to a fluidly coupled test chamber,
and a medial portion defining a stationary bulkhead disposed between the pressure chamber and the pulse cavity and defining
one or more bulkhead apertures that fluidly couple the pressure chamber to the pulse cavity, a rotatable shutter that is disposed
inside the pressure chamber and adjacent to the bulkhead, the shutter defining one or more windows and being affixed to a
shaft, supported by the bulkhead, and extending through the pressure chamber, the shaft exiting the outer housing through
its upstream end, a powering device coupled to the shaft and wherein rotation of the shaft by the powering device causes the
windows in the shutter to alternately align and misalign with the one or more bulkhead apertures, causing the pressurized
working fluid in the pressure chamber to flow through the apertures in the bulkhead, through the pulse cavity, and into the
test chamber as pressure pulses, causing cavitation to occur at the specimen.

US Pat. No. 9,494,168

ENERGY EFFICIENT FLUID POWERED LINEAR ACTUATOR WITH VARIABLE AREA AND CONCENTRIC CHAMBERS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. An energy efficient, fluid powered, single-acting, linear actuation system comprising:
a hydraulic cylinder barrel having a cap end wall, a tubular outer wall extending from the cap end wall and circumscribing
an axially-extending, longitudinal centerline, and concentric inner walls spaced radially inward of the outer wall and extending
axially from the cap end wall;

a piston for engaging a load force, said piston having a base wall, concentric walls spaced radially outward of one another
and axially extending from the base wall,

said piston is disposed within said hydraulic cylinder barrel and the concentric walls of said barrel and the concentric walls
of said piston cooperate to define a plurality of concentric extension chambers;

a low pressure valve fluidly coupling each of the extension chambers to a common low pressure reservoir;
a high pressure valve fluidly coupling each of the extension chambers to a common high pressure accumulator;
a working fluid disposed within at least the chambers, valves, low pressure reservoir and high pressure accumulator;
wherein,
when the system is configured in an energy consuming mode and the load force is in an opposite direction as an extending piston
force direction, the high pressure valves fluidly coupling the active extension chambers to the high pressure accumulator
are configured in an open position, and the low pressure valves fluidly coupling the passive extension chambers to the low
pressure reservoir are configured in an open position and all other valves are configured in a closed position; and

when the system is configured in an energy recovery mode and the load force is in the same direction as a retracting piston
force, the high pressure valves fluidly coupling the active extension chambers to the high pressure accumulator are configured
in an open position and the low pressure valves fluidly coupling the passive extension chambers to the low pressure reservoir
are configured in an open position and all other valves are configured in a closed position.

US Pat. No. 9,466,853

HIGH ENERGY DENSITY ALUMINUM BATTERY

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A battery comprising:
an anode comprising aluminum metal;
a cathode comprising spinel AIMn2O4; and

an electrolyte, wherein the electrolyte is an ionic liquid comprising an aluminate selected from the group consisting of alkylimidazolium
aluminates, alkylpyridinium aluminates, alkylfluoropyrazolium aluminates, alkyltriazolium aluminates, aralkylammonium aluminates,
alkylalkoxyammonium aluminates, aralkylphosphonium aluminates, aralkylsulfonium aluminates, and mixtures thereof.

US Pat. No. 9,172,698

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR KEY GENERATION IN SECURITY TOKENS

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A security token for generating a onetime pad (OTP), said security token being physically associated with an entity, wherein
said OTP is used in conjunction with one or more factors to form an authentication request to authenticate the entity, said
security token comprising:
a processor operable to execute preprogrammed instructions;
a memory operable to store a sequence of randomness and computer programmed instructions executable by said processor for
performing the steps of:

segmenting said sequence of randomness into a plurality of seeds;
selecting a first seed from among said plurality of seeds;
hashing an input to generate an output of a first hash chain based on said first seed, said output of said first hash chain
being based on at least one of a first plurality of hash functions, wherein said first hash chain is producible by successively
hashing said output as said input, wherein, in said first hash chain, each of said first plurality of hash functions is applied
to at least one input to generate at least one output;

iteratively hashing said input to generate said output, wherein said input for each successive hash is a previous output;
promoting each successive output generated by hashing said input as said OTP for use in the authentication request;
in response to a hash modification event, switching from said first hash chain to a second hash chain based on a second seed,
wherein said second seed is selected from among said plurality of seeds, wherein an output of said second hash chain is based
on at least one of a second plurality of hash functions, wherein said second hash chain is producible by successively hashing
said output of said second hash chain as an input to at least one of said second plurality of hash functions, wherein, in
said second hash chain, each of said second plurality of hash functions is applied to at least one input to generate at least
one output;

wherein switching from said first hash chain to said second hash chain includes hashing said second seed according to at least
one hash function of said second plurality of hash functions;

wherein one or more hash iterations occur in response to a new OTP event; and
wherein said first plurality of hash functions are different from one another, wherein said second plurality of hash functions
are different from one another, and wherein said first seed of said first hash chain and said second seed of said second hash
chain are both different from each other and selected from segments of said sequence of randomness.

US Pat. No. 9,941,058

FLEXIBLE AND CONDUCTIVE WASTE TIRE-DERIVED CARBON/POLYMER COMPOSITE PAPER AS PSEUDOCAPACITIVE ELECTRODE

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method of making a supercapacitor from waste tires, comprising the steps of:providing rubber pieces;
contacting the rubber pieces with a sulfonation bath to produce sulfonated rubber;
pyrolyzing the sulfonated rubber to produce tire-derived carbon composite comprising carbon black embedded in sulfonated rubber-based carbon matrix with graphitized interface portions, wherein the pyrolizing comprises heating to at least 200° C.-2400° C., and comprises at least two stage heating at heating rates between 1 and 20° C./min;
activating the tire-derived carbon composite by contacting the tire-derived carbon composite with a specific surface area-increasing composition to increase the specific surface area of the carbon composite to provide activated tire-derived carbon composite;
mixing the activated tire-derived carbon composite with a monomer and polymerizing the monomer to produce a redox-active polymer coated, activated tire-derived carbon composite; and,
forming the redox-active polymer coated, activated tire-derived carbon composite into a film.

US Pat. No. 9,792,795

SMOKE DETECTION

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A smoke detector, comprising:
a computer readable medium including linear discriminant analysis (LDA) training output data generated by:
inputting sensor data from a plurality of tests, the sensor data indicative of environmental conditions during the respective
tests;

calculating a baseline moving average for sensor data of the respective tests;
generating derived signal data using the sensor data and the baseline moving average for the sensor data of the respective
tests;

assigning at least one group to the derived signal data for the respective tests, the at least one group selected from a plurality
of groups, each group of the plurality of groups associated with a hazardous condition or a non-hazardous condition; and

performing LDA training using the derived signal data and the assigned at least one group for the respective tests as input
to the LDA training, the output of the LDA training generating a plurality of transformation coefficients for transforming
derived signal data into linear discriminant (LD) coordinates, a mean of group means, and a plurality of centroids in linear
discriminant coordinates, wherein the plurality of centroids includes a different centroid for each group of the plurality
of groups;

at least one sensor configured to observe present environmental conditions, the at least one sensor comprising an aerosol
sensor;

a processor operatively connected to the computer readable memory and the at least one sensor, the processor configured to:
process data from the at least one sensor to provide data in a plurality of data channels indicative of the present environmental
conditions;

map the data from the plurality of data channels into linear discriminant space using the plurality of transformation coefficients
stored in the computer readable medium;

classify the present environmental conditions as belonging to one group of the plurality of groups based on the linear discriminant
mapping of the data from the plurality of data channels; and

signal an alarm condition if the present environmental conditions are classified as belonging to a group associated with a
hazardous condition; and

an alarm operatively connected to the processor, the alarm generating an audible alert, a visual alert, or a combination thereof
in response to the alarm signal.