US Pat. No. 9,398,268

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR COOPERATIVE DIVERSITY VISUAL COGNITION IN WIRELESS VIDEO SENSOR NETWORKS

Siemens Corporation, Ise...

1. A method for cooperative diversity visual cognition in a wireless sensor network comprising:
receiving, by at least one video sensor node deployed in an area, a request for a video image of the area for a visual cognition
task;

determining, by the at least one video sensor node, an estimate of a performance metric of the at least one video sensor node
for the visual cognition task based on a contribution of the at least one video sensor node to a value of a communicative
coalition of video sensor nodes associated with the visual cognition task;

determining, by the at least one video sensor node, whether to join the communicative coalition of video sensor nodes associated
with the visual cognition task based on the determined estimate of the performance metric of the at least one video sensor
node; and

in response to a determination to join the communicative coalition by the at least one video sensor node, obtaining and transmitting
to a requestor the video image of the area,

wherein the step of determining, by the at least one video sensor node, whether to join the communicative coalition of video
sensor nodes associated with the visual cognition task comprises:

declining, by the at least one video sensor node, to join the communicative coalition in response to determining that the
contribution of the at least one video sensor node to the value of the communicative coalition associated with the visual
cognition task does not increase a total performance metric of the communicative coalition associated with the visual cognition
task.

US Pat. No. 9,321,030

CLAY-CONTAINING THIN FILMS AS CARRIERS OF ABSORBED MOLECULES

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A film for the retention and controlled release of organic and inorganic molecules consisting of at least one phyllosilicate
clay and at least one organic polyanion, wherein said film is a built-up layered film including layers of said at least one
phyllosilicate clay alternating with layers of said at least one organic polyanion and each of said layers has a net negative
charge.

US Pat. No. 9,322,646

ADAPTIVE MECHANISM CONTROL AND SCANNER POSITIONING FOR IMPROVED THREE-DIMENSIONAL LASER SCANNING

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method of adaptively positioning a range-measuring scanner within a three-dimensional scene, comprising the steps of:
(a) positioning the scanner at a first vantage position, the first vantage position having positional values associated therewith;
(b) scanning a first portion of the scene with the scanner, said first portion of the scene having a spatial arrangement of
hues, thereby generating a first set of data points, each data point of the first set of data points having three positional
values and a hue value associated therewith, the positional values defining the position of the data point on a first spatial
three-coordinate system and the hue value being invariant with camera angle and lighting conditions and defining a fourth
coordinate such that said first set of data points mimics the spatial arrangement of hues of the scanned first portion of
the scene, the first spatial three-coordinate system and the fourth coordinate constituting a first four-coordinate system;

(c) identifying occlusion boundaries of partially-occluded objects within the scanned first portion of the scene, said identifying
step including a step of analyzing the distances from the scanner to adjacent data points of said first set of data points
so as to identify pairs of adjacent data points in which the distance from the scanner of one member of each pair of points
is greater than the distance from the scanner of the other member of the pair of points by at least a reference value;

(d) projecting positional data from at least some of the first plurality of data points and the positional data for first
vantage position, onto a bounded grid defining a plurality of cells, so as to locate traversable cells corresponding to areas
within the scene through which the scanner may move and to locate occluded cells corresponding to the occlusion boundaries
through which the scanner cannot move;

(e) identifying cells on the grid corresponding to possible next vantage positions near the boundary of the grid, the possible
next vantage positions not including occluded cells;

(f) identifying the nearest possible next vantage position that requires the scanner to traverse the least number of traversable
cells;

(g) moving the scanner to a position within the scene corresponding to the next vantage position on the grid identified in
step (f);

(h) scanning a second portion of the scene, said second portion of the scene having a spatial arrangement of hues, thereby
generating a second set of data points, each data point of the second set of data points having three positional values and
a hue value associated with it, the positional values defining the position of the data point of the second set of data points
on a second spatial three-coordinate system and the hue value being invariant with camera angle and lighting conditions and
defining a fourth coordinate such that the second set of data points mimics the spatial arrangement of hues of the scanned
a second portion of the scene, the second spatial three-coordinate system and the fourth coordinate constituting a second
four-coordinate system;

(i) registering the second set of data points against the first set of data points, said registering step including use of
a hue-assisted iterative closest point (“HICP”) algorithm and the step of transforming the second four-coordinate system to
a transformed four-coordinate system which approximates the first four-coordinate system, said transforming step including
the performance of mathematical operations performed on the positional values and hue values associated with data points in
the second set of data points.

US Pat. No. 9,267,938

EX VIVO HUMAN MULTIPLE MYELOMA CANCER NICHE AND ITS USE AS A MODEL FOR PERSONALIZED TREATMENT OF MULTIPLE MYELOMA

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method for assessing chemotherapeutic efficacy of a test chemotherapeutic agent on viable human multiple myeloma cells
seeded in an ex vivo microenvironment effective to recapitulate spatial and temporal characteristics of a multiple myeloma
cancer niche and to maintain viability of the myeloma cells (MM cancer niche); obtained from a subject comprising:
a. preparing an in vitro microfluidic device comprising
1. a culture chamber comprising a first well region including a first well and a second well region including a second well;
each well defined by a through-hole in top and by an upper surface U; and

2. a channel region comprising at least one channel originating at an input port and terminating at an output port comprising
first and second vertical portions interconnected by and communicating with a horizontal portion of the channel,

wherein the channel connects the first well region and the second well region with one another, wherein the first well is
adapted to receive a test agent, the second well is adapted to receive a biological sample of cells, and liquids, nutrients
and dissolved gas molecules flow through the channel;

b. constructing an ex vivo bone marrow microenvironment perfused by nutrients and dissolved gas molecules (bone marrow niche)
by

1. Seeding a surface of the culture chamber of the in vitro microfluidic device of (a) with a population of cells comprising
osteoblasts;

2. Culturing the cells with a culture medium through the channel region for a time effective for the cells to form a confluent
layer on the bottom surface of the channel, to then form multiple cell layers and to then form 3D nodular structures that
comprise a 3D bone-like tissue;

The 3D bone like tissue being characterized by a mineralized bone-like tissue comprising (a) viable osteoblasts self-organized
into cohesive multiple cell layers and (b) an extracellular matrix secreted by the viable adherent osteoblasts;

c. preparing a multiple myeloma tumor biospecimen composition by:
(1) acquiring a multiple myeloma tumor biospecimen from the subject, wherein the biospecimen comprises viable multiple myeloma
cells; and

(2) adding plasma autologous to the subject to the viable multiple myeloma cells;
(3) bringing the biospecimen composition of c (2) comprising viable MM cells in contact with the osteoblasts of the ex vivo
bone marrow microenvironment perfused by nutrients and dissolved gas molecules to seed the ex vivo bone marrow microenvironment
with the viable MM cells, the ex vivo bone marrow microenvironment perfused by nutrients and dissolved gas molecules and the
seeded MM cells in contact with the osteoblasts of the ex vivo bone marrow microenvironment forming an ex vivo microenvironment
effective to recapitulate spatial and temporal characteristics of a multiple myeloma cancer niche and to maintain viability
of the human MM cells (MM cancer niche); and

d. testing chemotherapeutic efficacy of a chemotherapeutic agent on the viable human MM cells maintained in the ex vivo MM
cancer niche of c (3) in the test chamber of (a) by

(1) contacting the ex vivo MM cancer niche comprising viable human myeloma cells with a test chemotherapeutic agent
(2) comparing at least one of viability and level of apoptosis of the MM cells in the MM cancer niche in the presence of the
test chemotherapeutic agent to an untreated control; and

e. initiating therapy to treat the MM in the patient with the test chemotherapeutic agent if the test chemotherapeutic agent
is effective to significantly (P<0.05) reduce viability of the MM cells or to increase apoptosis of the MM cells, compared
to the untreated control.

US Pat. No. 9,437,893

IN-MEMBRANE MICRO FUEL CELL

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A fuel cell, comprising:
an electrically-insulating membrane that is permissive to the flow of protons, said membrane having a first membrane surface
and a second membrane surface opposite said first membrane surface;

a pair of non-intersecting channels formed in said first membrane surface, each of said channels having a respective bottom
surface located between said first membrane surface and said second membrane surface, a respective inboard surface extending
from said bottom surface to said first membrane surface, and a respective outboard surface opposite said inboard surface and
extending from said bottom surface to said first membrane surface, said inboard surfaces defining a membrane ridge in said
electrically-insulating membrane that separates said inboard surfaces from one another and is permissive to the flow of protons;
and

a pair of electrically-conductive electrodes, each of said electrodes associated with a corresponding one of said pair of
channels, each of said electrodes being coextensive with at least a portion of at least one said bottom surface, said inboard
surface, and said outboard surface of said associated channel, each of said electrodes having a respective exposed catalytic
surface, said catalytic surface of one of said pair of electrodes having properties for promoting the liberation of an electron
from a chemical specie, and said catalytic surface of the other of said pair of electrodes having properties for promoting
the combination of an electron with another chemical specie, each of said electrodes being electrically-insulated from one
another.

US Pat. No. 9,399,580

GRANULES OF GRAPHENE OXIDE BY SPRAY DRYING

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method of preparing granules having corrugated morphologies, said method comprising the steps of:
dispersing graphene oxide nanosheets and a structural modifier in an aqueous medium, thereby forming an aqueous dispersion;
atomizing the dispersion, thereby forming a spray of droplets of the dispersion; and
drying the droplets of the dispersion, thereby forming granules including a plurality of graphene oxide nanosheets.

US Pat. No. 9,165,721

INKJET-PRINTED FLEXIBLE ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS FROM GRAPHENE OXIDE

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A capacitor, comprising
a first inkjet-printed electrode formed on a surface of a substrate, said first electrode including a first plurality of overlapping
dot-like structures which include graphene flakes;

a second inkjet-printed electrode formed on said surface of said substrate, said second electrode including a second plurality
of overlapping dot-like structures which include graphene flakes, wherein said first and second electrodes have a fingered
geometry and are spaced away from each other in a cross-finger interdigitated arrangement.

US Pat. No. 9,458,568

CREATION OF PATTERNS IN FIBROUS MATRICES USING LOCALIZED DISSOLUTION PRINTING

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method for fabricating a patterned fibrous matrix, comprising the steps of:
providing an inkjet printer adapted to use an etching solvent as an ink;
providing a fibrous matrix, including a plurality of fibers, as a printing medium;
providing said etching solvent for said inkjet printer, said etching solvent being adapted to at least partially dissolve
said plurality of fibers of said fibrous matrix upon contact of said etching solvent to said plurality of fibers;

configuring said inkjet printer to print a pattern on said fibrous matrix;
operating said inkjet printer to print said pattern on said fibrous matrix by contacting some of said plurality of fibers
with said etching solvent to produce contacted fibers, said etching solvent forming said pattern by at least partially dissolving
some of said contacted fibers to form a printed area on said fibrous matrix and fusing together others of said contacted fibers
to form fused fibers, said fused fibers being thicker than unfused fibers of said plurality of fibers of said fibrous matrix.

US Pat. No. 9,147,566

METHOD FOR PRODUCING GAS-PHASE METAL ANIONS

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method of producing gas-phase metal anions, comprising the steps of:
generating a spray of negatively-charged droplets [22] from a solution [20] including metal salts of dicarboxylic acids dissolved in a solvent, thereby producing metal cations and anions including
metal dicarboxylate anions in said negatively-charged droplets [22];

evaporating the solvent, thereby producing gas-phase unsolvated metal cations [26] and unsolvated anions [26] including unsolvated metal dicarboxylate anions [44];

electromagnetically separating the unsolvated metal dicarboxylate anions from others of the unsolvated anions [26] and the unsolvated metal cations [26];

colliding the unsolvated metal dicarboxylate anions [44] with a non-reactive collision gas [46], thereby causing at least a portion of the unsolvated metal dicarboxylate anions [44] to dissociate into gas-phase metal anions and carbon compounds; and

electromagnetically isolating the metal anions.

US Pat. No. 10,041,045

MICROFLUIDIC THREE-DIMENSIONAL OSTEOCYTE NETWORK RECONSTRUCTED WITH MICROBEADS AS SCAFFOLD

HACKENSACK UNIVERSITY MED...

1. A method of forming a three-dimensional (3D) osteocyte network in vitro by culturing osteocytes in a microfluidic chamber, comprising the steps of:(a) mixing two or more cells with two or more microbeads in a ratio of about 1:1 to form a mixture including the cells and the microbeads, wherein the cells include an osteocyte, a pre-osteocyte or both, and further wherein the microbeads have diameters in a range of about 20 ?m to about 25 ?m;
(b) adding a portion of the mixture to a microfluidic chamber, thereby forming a bed comprising the microbeads with the cells distributed among the microbeads; and
(c) perfusing the bed with a culture medium, wherein the osteocytes of the bed remain as osteocytes and pre-osteocytes of the bed develop into osteocytes and the perfusing is performed such that the osteocytes of the bed, the pre-osteocytes of the bed or both form the three-dimensional (3D) osteocyte network comprising the microbeads of the bed; and
wherein the bed of microbeads is an environment effective
(1) for cells to attach to the microbeads of the bed;
(2) for cells to grow processes;
(3) for cells to extend the processes to neighboring cells to form gap-junctions; and
(4) to reduce osteocyte and pre-osteocyte proliferation in the interstitial space between adjacent microbeads and along surfaces of the microfluidic chamber.

US Pat. No. 9,504,796

REDUCING VENTILATOR-INDUCED LUNG INJURY

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A method of treating edema in an edematous lung containing regions with heterogeneous alveolar flooding by alveolar liquid,
the method comprising delivering to the alveolar liquid at least one additive that decreases surface tension of the alveolar
liquid, thereby lowering the surface tension of the alveolar liquid so as to promote equitable redistribution of the alveolar
liquid among alveoli of the lung, wherein the at least one additive includes at least one rhodamine dye comprising an iminium
cation, wherein said delivering step increases the amount of the rhodamine dye in the alveolar liquid to a concentration of
1.0 ?M.

US Pat. No. 9,292,493

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATICALLY DETECTING DECEPTION IN HUMAN COMMUNICATIONS EXPRESSED IN DIGITAL FORM

The Trustees of The Steve...

1. A system for detecting deception in
human communication expressed in digital form with a computer, comprising:
at least one processor, wherein the processor executes an instruction set for receiving a given text input for classification
as either truthful or deceptive and performing a combination of psycho-linguistic cue analysis and statistical analysis/modeling,
including

(A) identifying psycho-linguistic cues in the text; and
(B) statistically modeling the cues to indicate deceptiveness or truthfulness of text, wherein the modeling is by unweighted
cues matching and applying a threshold standard of probability of accuracy, the unweighted cues having either an increasing
trend indicative of deceptive text or a decreasing trend indicative of truthful text and wherein deceptive coefficients for
all cues are added to determine a deceptive value which is compared to a threshold to determine deceptiveness or non-deceptiveness.

US Pat. No. 9,178,129

GRAPHENE-BASED FILMS IN SENSOR APPLICATIONS

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A method of measuring temperature, comprising the steps of:
providing a temperature sensor having an electrically-conductive current collector on a surface of an electrically-insulating
substrate and a film including graphene in electrical communication with said current collector, wherein said film has an
electrical resistivity and a negative temperature coefficient of resistance;

measuring a reference electrical resistance of the film across said current collector when said film is at a reference temperature
so as to obtain a data pair of the reference electrical resistance paired with the reference temperature;

generating a mathematical correlation between the data pair of the reference electrical resistance paired with the reference
temperature;

measuring another electrical resistance of said film across said current collector when said film is at an unknown temperature;
calculating a value for the unknown temperature from the another electrical resistance by the mathematical correlation.

US Pat. No. 9,540,994

PLANETARY CRANK GEAR DESIGN FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A gearset, comprising:
a fixed internal ring gear having a pitch diameter, a plurality of internal teeth, and a central axis, the plurality of internal
teeth comprising a first quantity of teeth;

a first pinion gear having a pitch diameter, a plurality of teeth and a hole through a central axis thereof, the first pinion
gear being disposed within the internal ring gear such that the plurality of teeth of the first pinion gear mesh with the
plurality of internal teeth of the internal ring gear, the plurality of teeth of the first pinion gear comprising a second
quantity of teeth, the second quantity of teeth being half the first quantity of teeth of the internal ring gear, the pitch
diameter of the first pinion gear being half the pitch diameter of the internal ring gear;

a disc having a substantially circular cross-section, a central axis collinear with the central axis of the internal ring
gear, a first side facing toward the internal ring gear, a second side facing away from the internal ring gear, and an output
shaft extending from the second side, the output shaft having a central axis that is collinear with the central axis of the
disc, the disc being free to rotate about the central axis and restrained from displacement or rotation other than rotation
about the central axis, the disc further including at least one slot along a portion of a diameter of the first side of the
disc, the at least one slot having a first end, a second end, and a depth that is less than a thickness of the disc;

a first pinion shaft having a first end and a second end, and extending through the hole of the first pinion gear, the second
end of the first pinion shaft engaging the first end of the at least one slot of the disc;

a second pinion gear having a plurality of teeth and a hole through a central axis thereof, the second pinion gear being disposed
within the internal ring gear such that the plurality of teeth of the second pinion gear mesh with the plurality of internal
teeth of the internal ring gear, the second pinion gear being axially offset from the first pinion gear such that the plurality
of teeth of the second pinion gear do not mesh with the plurality of teeth of the first pinion gear and rotationally offset
from the first pinion gear by half a rotation about the internal ring gear, the plurality of teeth of the second pinion gear
comprising the second quantity of teeth; and

a second pinion shaft having a first end and a second end and extending through the hole of the second pinion gear, the second
end of the second pinion shaft engaging with the second end of the at least one slot of the disc.

US Pat. No. 9,180,223

BIPHASIC OSTEOCHONDRAL SCAFFOLD FOR RECONSTRUCTION OF ARTICULAR CARTILAGE

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. An osteochondral scaffold, comprising:
a cylindrical outer shell having a longitudinal axis and including a plurality of microspheres sintered together as a unitary
structure having a first hollow end and a second hollow end opposite said first hollow end;

a first polymeric sheet having a first plurality of first nanofibers substantially aligned with each other thereupon, said
first polymeric sheet having the shape of a first spiral with first coils and having first gaps between adjacent ones of the
first coils, said first polymeric sheet residing in said first hollow end of said outer shell;

a second polymeric sheet having a second plurality of second nanofibers substantially aligned with each other thereupon, said
second polymeric sheet having the shape of a second spiral with second coils and second gaps between adjacent ones of the
second coils, said second polymeric sheet residing in said second hollow end of said outer shell, wherein said microspheres,
said first nanofibers, and said second nanofibers have cell recognition sites, said first nanofibers having first compositions
that include at least one glycosaminoglycan that provides first cell recognition sites on the first nanofibers, said second
nanofibers having second compositions that include at least one osteogenic substance that provides second cell recognition
sites on the second nanofibers, said first composition promoting attachment and proliferation of chondrocytes on said first
nanofibers, said second composition promoting attachment and proliferation of osteoblast precursor cells on said second nanofibers,
and said first composition being different from said second composition.

US Pat. No. 9,651,649

PASSIVE ACOUSTIC DETECTION, TRACKING AND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A passive acoustic sensing system comprising at least one cluster of at least four acoustic sensors having a data connection
with a computing device, the at least one cluster of at least four acoustic sensors arranged in a polyhedral arrangement with
at least one of the acoustic sensors of the cluster at each vertex of the polyhedral arrangement and at least one of the acoustic
sensors of the cluster being an upper acoustic sensor that is at a position above a plane described by at least three other
acoustic sensors of the cluster, each acoustic sensor of the cluster of acoustic sensors being configured to receive acoustical
signals generated by at least one target and propagating from the at least one target to the at least one cluster of at least
four acoustic sensors through air, the computing device configured to receive the acoustical signals from the at least one
cluster of at least four acoustic sensors via the data connection and to process the acoustical signals and provide at least
one of (a) a detection of presence of the at least one target, (b) a determination of direction of arrival of an acoustic
wave emitted by the at least one target, and (c) a classification of the at least one target, wherein the at least one cluster
of at least four acoustic sensors includes a minimal subset of sensors selected by an algorithm running on the computing device
to provide an estimate of the direction of arrival of the acoustic wave such that the estimate has the lowest uncertainty
corresponding to the minimal subset of sensors, based on geometry of the sensor arrangement in the minimal subset.

US Pat. No. 9,116,877

PSYCHO-LINGUISTIC STATISTICAL DECEPTION DETECTION FROM TEXT CONTENT

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method for automatically determining whether a text in digital form is deceptive, comprising:
receiving a body of text data in digital form in a computer, the body of text data known to contain text containing true content
and text containing deceptive content, the true text and deceptive text having been previously classified as such;

automatically and programmatically analyzing the body of text data in digital form in the computer to identify psycho-linguistic
cues that are indicative of text being deceptive;

subsequently receiving a sample of text in digital form that is to be evaluated for truth or deception in a computer, the
computer having access to the psycho-linguistic cues identified in the step of automatically and programmatically analyzing;
automatically and programmatically statistically analyzing the sample of text via the computer and without human intervention,
to ascertain whether the sample of text is deceptive based upon the presence of the psycho-linguistic cues in the sample text,wherein the psycho-linguistic cues are selected from a list consisting of the number of: (1) words, (2) first person plural
words, (3) inclusive words, (4) affective language words, (5) optimism and energy words, (6) social process words and less
of the number of (7) diversity words, (8) first person singular pronouns, (9) third person pronouns, (10) assent language
words, (11) insight words, (12) tentative words and (13) exclusive words, (14) past tense verbs, (15) present tense verbs
and (16) future tense verbs.

US Pat. No. 10,184,113

EX VIVO HUMAN MULTIPLE MYELOMA CANCER NICHE AND ITS USE AS A MODEL FOR PERSONALIZED TREATMENT OF MULTIPLE MYELOMA

Hackensack University Med...

1. An ex vivo multiple myeloma (MM) cancer niche contained in a device in which flow of minute amounts of liquids or dissolved gas molecules, is controlled by microfluidics (microfluidic device)comprising:(a) an ex vivo bone marrow microenvironment perfused by nutrients and dissolved gas molecules (bone marrow niche) comprising viable osteoblasts seeded on a surface of the microfluidic device and cultured to form 3D nodular structures that comprise a 3D bone-like tissue,
the 3D bone-like tissue being characterized by an extracellular matrix secreted by the viable osteoblasts; and
(b) a multiple myeloma tumor biospecimen comprising viable human multiple myeloma cells;
the microfluidic device comprising
(i) a culture chamber comprising a first well region including a first well and a second well region including a second well; each well defined by a through-hole in top and by an upper surface U; and
(ii) a channel region comprising at least one channel originating at an input port and terminating at an output port comprising first and second vertical portions interconnected by and communicating with a horizontal portion of the channel, wherein the channel connects the first well region and the second well region with one another, wherein the first well is adapted to receive a test agent, the second well is adapted to receive a biological sample of cells, and liquids, nutrients and dissolved gas molecules flow through the channel;
wherein the microfluidic device is effective to control flow of minute amounts of the liquids, nutrients and dissolved gas molecules in the MM cancer niche;
wherein the ex vivo MM cancer niche is responsive to changing conditions of perfusion of the ex vivo MM cancer niche by the minute amounts of liquids, nutrients and dissolved gas molecules in the microfluidic device; and
wherein formation of an ex vivo MM microenvironment in the microfluidic device is effective to recapitulate spatial and temporal characteristics of a multiple myeloma cancer niche in vivo and to maintain viability of the MM cells in the MM cancer niche in the microfluidic device ex vivo.

US Pat. No. 9,573,814

HIGH-THROUGHPUT GRAPHENE PRINTING AND SELECTIVE TRANSFER USING A LOCALIZED LASER HEATING TECHNIQUE

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method for selective transfer of graphene onto a substrate, comprising the steps of:
providing a thermal release tape having graphene adhered thereto;
placing a substrate against the graphene such that the graphene is positioned between the thermal release tape and the substrate;
pressing the graphene against the substrate;
heating a first localized portion of the thermal release tape using a localized heat source, thereby diminishing the adhesive
properties of the thermal release tape at the first localized portion such that graphene from the localized portion is transferable
to the substrate; and

moving the localized heat source from the first localized portion of the thermal release tape to a second localized portion
of the thermal release tape during said heating step, thereby forming a pattern of localized portions.

US Pat. No. 9,693,990

USE OF RHODAMINE DYES TO REDUCE ALVEOLAR SURFACE TENSION

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method of relieving ventilation injury of a lung containing regions with heterogeneous alveolar flooding by alveolar
liquid, comprising the step of delivering to the alveolar liquid at least one rhodamine dye, thereby increasing the concentration
of the at least one rhodamine dye to a concentration that is greater than about 0.1 nM and less than about 1 ?M or greater
than about 1 ?M and less than about 10 ?M, thereby lowering the surface tension of the alveolar liquid so as to lessen ventilation
injury.

US Pat. No. 9,738,526

POPCORN-LIKE GROWTH OF GRAPHENE-CARBON NANOTUBE MULTI-STACK HYBRID THREE-DIMENSIONAL ARCHITECTURE FOR ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A method of fabricating a graphene-carbon nanotube stack, comprising the steps of:
(a) alternately depositing graphene layers and catalytic metal layers one upon another so as to form a stack of alternating
graphene layers and catalytic metal layers;

(b) transforming the catalytic metal layers into arrays of metal nanoparticles by thermal breakdown of the catalytic metal
layers; and

(c) precipitating carbon nanotubes outward from the metal nanoparticles, said carbon nanotubes pushing graphene layers adjacent
to the carbon nanotubes away from each other.

US Pat. No. 9,640,391

DIRECT AND PRE-PATTERNED SYNTHESIS OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL HETEROSTRUCTURES

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A method for growing a transition metal dichalcogenide on a substrate, the method comprising:
providing a growth substrate having a first side and a second side opposite said first side of said growth substrate;
providing a source substrate having a first side and a second side opposite said first side of said source substrate;
depositing a transition metal oxide on at least a portion of said first side of said source substrate;
combining said growth substrate with said source substrate such that said first side of said growth substrate contacts said
transition metal oxide, said combining producing a substrate stack;

exposing said substrate stack to a chalcogenide gas, whereby said transition metal oxide reacts with said chalcogenide gas
to produce a layer of a transition metal dichalcogenide on at least a portion of said first side of said growth substrate;
and

removing said source substrate from said growth substrate having said layer of said transition metal dichalcogenide thereon.

US Pat. No. 9,959,365

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO IDENTIFY THE SOURCE OF INFORMATION OR MISINFORMATION IN LARGE-SCALE SOCIAL MEDIA NETWORKS

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A method of identifying an unknown source of information communicated from an associated source node in a social media network, the method comprising:identifying a plurality of node clusters from nodes in the network, including the source node, each of the plurality of node clusters including a plurality of nodes, each of the plurality of nodes from each of the plurality of node clusters having at least one edge connection defined by a connection to a different node from a same one of the node clusters;
identifying a plurality of gateway nodes from each of the plurality of node clusters, each of the plurality of gateway nodes from each of the plurality of node clusters having at least one weak tie connection with a corresponding gateway node from a different one of the plurality of node clusters;
selecting a subset of the plurality of gateway nodes as sensor nodes;
measuring arrival times of the information from the source node at each of the sensor nodes;
selecting a candidate node cluster from the plurality of node clusters based on high betweenness centrality, the candidate node cluster having a high probability of including the source node from among its corresponding plurality of nodes;
selecting a subset of the plurality of nodes in the candidate cluster as candidate sensor nodes,
measuring arrival times of the information from the source node at each of the candidate sensor nodes; and
selecting a candidate node from the candidate cluster based on high betweenness centrality, the candidate node having a high probability of being the source node,
wherein betweenness centrality of a node v is defined as
where Ns,tSP(v) is the number of shortest paths from s to t passing through node v, and Ns,tSP is the total number of shortest paths from node s to node t; andwherein the step of selecting based on betweenness centrality includes determining a betweenness centrality order, where the nodes are ranked in descending order of BC values, and the node with the highest BC value is given a betweenness centrality score (“BCS”) of 1, the varying weights between the nodes implying varying connectivity and the expected BCS for each node v?Vgate is approximated using the m most likely graphs as
where BCSjgate(v) is the BCS for the vth node in the ith possible graph Gigate, the computational complexity is O(m·|Egate|·|Vgate|), where |Egate| and |Vgate| denote the number of edges and nodes in the graph Gigate, respectively.

US Pat. No. 9,613,155

SYSTEM AND FRAMEWORK FOR MULTI-DIMENSIONALLY VISUALIZING AND INTERACTING WITH LARGE DATA SETS

The Trustees of the Steve...

28. A graphical user interface displayed to a user on a display screen of a computing device coupled to a source of a plurality
of data items, comprising:
a plurality of symbols displayed on the display screen that represent a plurality of data items, the symbols capable of being
displayed in groups based upon a grouping criteria, including at least one of quantified similarity expressed as a number
from ?1 to 1 representative of similarity of content of the data that the symbols represent, categorization by the user and
viewing by the viewer in a prior session of use of the computing device, the relationship of the groups of data items being
expressed by at least one of lines between the symbols, coloration of the symbols and a grouping symbol having a boundary
extending around the symbols in a group;

the symbols and groups of symbols having names displayed proximate the symbols and groups of symbols, the names of groups
of symbols automatically determined based upon frequency of the names in data content of the groups of data items associated
with the groups of symbols, allowing a user to identify the data associated with the symbols and groups of symbols, the symbols
having a ranking based upon a ranking criteria of at least one of frequency of access and ascribed importance by the user,
the ranking of symbols capable of being expressed graphically by at least one of size of the symbol, position of the symbol
and color of the symbol, the graphical user interface capable of presenting data content associated with a symbol of the plurality
of symbols upon selection of the symbol by the user, the graphical user interface providing the user with the capability of
selectively dragging and dropping symbols to positions on the display in accordance with the user's preferences, including
dragging a symbol from one group and dropping the symbol in another group, dragging and dropping groups of symbols, adding
and deleting symbols and groups of symbols, viewing thumbnail representations of data associated with symbols, the symbols
representing data items and being automatically generated, named and displayed on the graphical user interface when accessing
the data item.

US Pat. No. 10,329,493

RECIPROCATING BIOMASS CONVERSION SCHEME

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method for converting, via pyrolysis, a pulverized biomass into a bio-oil using a four-stroke diesel-type engine having a cylinder, a piston moveably mounted within said cylinder, and means for reciprocating said piston within said cylinder so as to perform an intake stroke, a compression stroke, an expansion stroke, and an exhaust stroke, said means including a crankshaft coupled to said piston and an external power source adapted to drive said crankshaft and hence said piston, said method comprising the steps of:(1) providing said pulverized biomass;
(2) mixing said pulverized biomass with a non-oxidizing compression gas to form a first mixture;
(3) actuating said external power source so as to drive said crankshaft and thereby repeatedly reciprocate said piston within said cylinder for a number of cycles, whereby said piston sequentially performs its said intake stroke, its said compression stroke, its said expansion stroke, and its said exhaust stroke;
(4) injecting said first mixture into said cylinder during said intake stroke of said piston;
(5) compressing said first mixture within said cylinder during said compression stroke of said piston to thereby heat said first mixture to a temperature that pyrolyzes said pulverized biomass, thereby converting said pulverized biomass into said bio-oil, which mixes with said compression gas of said first mixture to form a second mixture;
(6) decompressing said second mixture within said cylinder during said expansion stroke of said piston to thereby cool said second mixture and quench secondary pyrolysis of said bio-oil;
(7) expelling said second mixture from said cylinder during said exhaust stroke of said piston;
(8) collecting said second mixture after its expulsion from said cylinder;
(9) separating said compression gas from said second mixture after the expulsion of said second mixture from said cylinder; and
(10) repeating said steps (4)-(7) using said compression gas from said step (9) as said non-oxidizing compression gas of said first mixture.

US Pat. No. 10,535,974

DISCRIMINATIVE REMOTE SENSING AND SURFACE PROFILING BASED ON SUPERRADIANT PHOTONIC BACKSCATTERING

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method, comprising:generating co-propagating pulsed pump waves having shaped time-frequency modes, spatial modes, and group-velocity difference;
relatively delaying said pump waves for a predetermined time period;
launching said pump waves to a free space along a predetermined direction;
backscattering a signal wave having backscattered signal photons when said pump waves overlap in said free space;
detecting said backscattered signal photons; and
scanning said predetermined direction of said launched pump waves and said time period of the relative delay of said pump waves to remotely obtain three- dimensional information of a target.

US Pat. No. 10,363,041

IMPLANTABLE NERVE GUIDANCE CONDUITS HAVING POLYMER FIBER GUIDANCE CHANNEL

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1. A nerve guidance conduit for promoting regeneration of a severed nerve, comprising:a fibrous tube, said fibrous tube defining a lumen within said fibrous tube, and said fibrous tube having a longitudinal axis, an inner surface, an outer surface, a first end, a second end opposite said first end along said longitudinal axis, and a first length from said first end of said fibrous tube to said second end of said fibrous tube;
a plurality of individual tubular members of a spiral cross-sectional shape positioned entirely within said lumen of said fibrous tube, each tubular member of said plurality of tubular members being porous and having a respective outer wall, a respective inner wall, a respective internal guidance channel defined by said respective inner wall, a respective longitudinal axis in substantially parallel alignment with said longitudinal axis of said fibrous tube, a respective first end, a respective second end opposite said respective first end along said respective longitudinal axis, and a respective second length from said respective first end to said respective second end, said respective second length being less than said first length of said fibrous tube, a first one of said plurality of tubular members bordering a first portion of said inner surface of said fibrous tube and a second one of said plurality of tubular members bordering a second portion of said inner surface of said fibrous tube in close proximity to said first tubular member such that said first and second tubular members cooperate with each other and with said inner surface of said fibrous tube to define at least one peripheral guidance channel external of said first and second tubular members but internal of said fibrous tube;
a first plurality of nanofibers randomly distributed on said outer surface of said fibrous tube;
a second plurality of nanofibers arranged on said inner surface of said fibrous tube substantially parallel to said longitudinal axis of said fibrous tube;
a third plurality of nanofibers arranged on said respective inner wall of at least one of said plurality of tubular members substantially parallel to said longitudinal axis of said fibrous tube; and
a fourth plurality of nanofibers arranged on said respective outer wall of at least one of said plurality of tubular members substantially parallel to said longitudinal axis of said fibrous tube, wherein at least some of said fourth plurality of nanofibers are situated in said at least one peripheral guidance channel.

US Pat. No. 9,797,060

NANOSTRUCTURED SAPPHIRE OPTICAL FIBER SENSING PLATFORM

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A method of making a sensing platform, comprising the steps of:
coating an end-polished sapphire optical fiber with aluminum to provide the sapphire optical fiber with an aluminum coating;
anodizing the aluminum thereby forming a sapphire fiber with a porous aluminum oxide coating on an outer surface of the sapphire
optical fiber;

immobilizing a plurality of nanoparticles in pores of the porous aluminum oxide coating; and
removing a distal portion of the porous aluminum oxide coating from the sapphire fiber, thereby exposing a distal portion
of the outer surface of the sapphire optical fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,104,195

DEVICE-FREE ACTIVITY IDENTIFICATION USING FINE-GRAINED WIFI SIGNATURES

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A system for identifying an activity of a person in an environment, comprising:a communication device disposed within the environment and adapted to communicate over a radio frequency communication link;
a wireless access point disposed within the environment, said wireless access point including a wireless transceiver in communication with at least said communication device over a corresponding one of at least one radio frequency communication link, each of said at least one radio frequency communication link using a plurality of channels, said wireless access point being configured to record a channel state information data set, said channel state information data set being recorded for said one of said at least one radio frequency communication link at a corresponding time; and
a monitoring device including a memory storing a plurality of activity profiles, each of said activity profiles including an activity and at least one channel state information profile corresponding to said activity, and a processor receiving, from said wireless access point, said channel state information data set and determining, based on a comparison of said channel state information data set to each of said at least one channel state information profile of each of said plurality of activity profiles, the activity of the person in the environment at said time corresponding to said channel state information data set,
wherein said monitoring device determines the activity by classifying the activity as one of a walking activity and an in-place activity; if the activity is classified as a walking activity, identifying the walking activity; and, if the activity is classified as an in-place activity, identifying the in-place activity; and
wherein said monitoring device classifies the activity as one of a walking activity and an in-place activity by determining a moving variance based on said channel state information data set and a further channel state information data set and comparing said moving variance to a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,397,829

SYSTEM APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR COGNITIVE CLOUD OFFLOADING IN A MULTI-RAT ENABLED WIRELESS DEVICE

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method for executing a plurality of executable processing components of an application program and data used by the application program between a first computer and at least one second computer, the first computer and the at least one second computer being connected by a plurality of radio interfaces, said method comprising the steps of:(A) automatically identifying a first set of the executable processing components of the application program and data used by the application program to be offloaded to the at least one second computer for execution;
(B) automatically ascertaining which of the plurality of radio interfaces for performing the step of offloading to the at least one second computer;
(C) determining the relative percentage of the executable processing components and data that are to be communicated on each of the plurality of radio interfaces;
(D) offloading the first set of the executable processing components and the data identified in step (A) from the first computer to the at least one second computer over at least one of the plurality of radio interfaces;
(E) executing, in the at least one second computer, at least a portion of the first set of the executable processing components offloaded in step (D), producing processed data;
(F) communicating the processed data produced by step (E) to the first computer; and
(G) executing, in the first computer, a second set of the executable processing components of the application program using the processed data communicated in step (F),
wherein the execution of the at least a portion of the first set of the executable processing components in the at least one second computer is performed in parallel with the execution of the second set of the executable processing components in the first computer.

US Pat. No. 10,417,710

APPARATUS, METHODS, SYSTEM AND FRAMEWORK FOR DISCOVERING, COPYING AND CURATING INVESTMENT PORTFOLIOS

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. An automated system implemented on a server comprising:a processor and a non-transitory computer readable medium coupled to the processor, wherein the non-transitory computer readable medium stores program instructions executable by the processor for investing in financial securities useable by a plurality of users, comprising:
a trader grouping graphical user interface displaying data fields to the plurality of users allowing entry of user profile data, including at least one selected from the group of risk aversion, available trading capital and trading frequency;
a trader grouping engine displaying the trader grouping graphical user interface to the plurality of users, receiving the user profile data entered, storing the user profile data in a database and comparing the user profile data between different users to ascertain a measure of similarity between a plurality of users and grouping at least two users based upon the measure of similarity between the profile data of a first user and a second user and upon a user experience value attributed to the first user;
a trading graphical user interface displaying financial security identification and pricing information and data entry fields, including a blank for number of securities bought/sold that may be filled by the first user in making a buy/sell order;
a trading engine displaying the trading graphical user interface to the first user, allowing the first user to enter trading data for a trade of financial securities, recording the trading data in a trading database and executing the trade by communicating the trading data associated with the trade to a trading agent who executes the trade for the first user where the executed trade is further recorded in the trading database, the executed trade contributing to: a record of profit/loss attributed to the trading activity of the first user and a portfolio of the first user which are presented to the second user as criteria for deciding whether to mimic the trading activity of the first user;
a profit/loss calculation engine that calculates the record of profit/loss associated with at least one trade by the first user and stores the record of profit/loss in the trading database;
a trading activity reporting engine that identifies the second user that has been grouped with the first user by the grouping engine and displays to the second user on a display screen: a first portion of the first user's trading activity data including an identifier for the first user and the record of profit/loss associated with the trading activity of the first user and presenting a message to the second user inviting the second user to elect to receive further data concerning the first user's trades and upon electing to receive further data, a relationship is established between the first user and the second user in which the second user has access to the first user's trading data beyond the first portion of the trading activity data, the relationship establishing the second user as a mimicker with the ability to mimic the first user's trading activity, the trading activity reporting engine calculating the user experience value indicative of trading success of the first user wherein a first user's success E is calculated using the following factors related by the following equation: E(p,f,m)=?S(p)+Bf+Cm, where E is dependent on the first user's portfolio (p), the first user's current number of followers (f), and the first user's current number of mimickers (m), and where S is a function for calculating a portfolio's moving average success, and B and C are non-zero, weight constants; and
a trade mimicking engine, the trade mimicking engine presenting the first user's trading data to the second user via a trade mimicking graphical user interface, which displays the first user's trading data including investment changes made during the trade, including identifying the financial securities traded along with the numbers of financial securities traded, the trade mimicking engine through the trade mimicking graphical user interface providing the option to the second user to mimic the first user's trade in whole or part and based upon the second user's selections entered into the trade mimicking graphical user interface, the trade mimicking engine automatically executing the resultant trade for the second user.
US Pat. No. 10,391,151

DILUTE SURFACTANT OR ISOLATED SURFACTANT PROTEIN SOLUTION FOR THE REDUCTION OF SURFACE TENSION IN THE LUNG

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A method of reducing ventilation injury to a patient whose lung has regions with heterogeneous alveolar flooding by alveolar liquid, said method comprising the step of (i) delivering to the patient a solution comprising a predetermined amount of a surfactant protein C and a negatively charged solute, wherein said negatively charged solute is present in the alveolar liquid in a concentration which is in a range of from greater than 2 weight/volume percent to less than 12 weight/volume percent after the performance of step (i) and wherein said predetermined amount of said surfactant protein C is selected to provide a concentration of said surfactant protein C in the alveolar liquid in a range of from 0.000001 weight/volume percent to 1 weight/volume percent, said weight/volume percent of said surfactant protein C and said negatively charged solute being based on the total volume of the alveolar liquid after the performance of step (i).

US Pat. No. 10,574,592

COMPUTE-COMMUNICATE CONTINUUM TECHNOLOGY

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A compute-communicate-continuum (“CCC”) device comprising:an integrated circuit including a plurality of processing cores, a plurality of memories, at least one controller, and at least one input/output interface, said plurality of processing cores being physically connected to said at least one controller and said at least one input/output interface, each of said plurality of processing cores being physically connected to a corresponding one of said plurality of memories, said plurality of processing cores being configured for use as systolic array cells in a systolic array network;
a communication subsystem that connects the plurality of processing cores to said plurality of memories and said plurality of memories to said input/output interface, said communication subsystem including a subsystem memory for storing an address for each of the plurality of processing cores, and a controller for physically controlling data traffic between each of said plurality of processing cores, between said plurality of processing cores and said at least one memory, and between said at least one memory and said at least one input/output interface;
wherein said CCC device is configured to be connected to a different CCC device via a trunk, the trunk having a current data traffic load and a traffic capacity wherein the current data traffic load is a percentage of the traffic capacity, said CCC device being configured to execute the following steps:
measure the current data load to determine a difference between the trunk's current data load and the trunk's capacity; and
increase a data flow from said CCC device through the trunk so that a combination of the data flow and the current data load is between 50% to 99% of the trunk's capacity.

US Pat. No. 10,631,987

3D PRINTED TRANS-MODULAR SCAFFOLDS FOR GRAFTING APPLICATIONS IN SEGMENTAL BONE DEFECTS

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A long bone repair scaffold adapted for use in the repair of a defect located along the length of a long bone, said scaffold comprising:a body including a longitudinal axis alignable in a direction parallel to the length of a long bone to be repaired, an inner core having an outer circumference encircling said longitudinal axis of said body, and an outer core having an inner circumference encircling said longitudinal axis of said body and circumferentially engaging said outer circumference of said inner core, said inner core having a first porosity and a first modulus, and said outer core having a second porosity and a second modulus, wherein said second porosity is lower than said first porosity, and wherein said second modulus is greater than said first modulus;
a first set of inner conduits extending within said inner core parallel to said longitudinal axis of said body;
a second set of inner conduits extending within said inner core perpendicular to said longitudinal axis of said body;
a first set of outer conduits extending within said outer core parallel to said longitudinal axis of said body, said conduits of said first set of outer conduits being dimensionally smaller than said conduits of said first set of inner conduits; and
a second set of outer conduits extending within said outer core perpendicular to said longitudinal axis of said body, said conduits of said second set of outer conduits being dimensionally smaller than said conduits of said second set of inner conduits.

US Pat. No. 10,623,519

DEVICE-FREE ACTIVITY IDENTIFICATION USING FINE-GRAINED WIFI SIGNATURES

The Trustees of the Steve...

1. A system for identifying an activity of a person in an environment, comprising:a communication device disposed within the environment and adapted to communicate over a radio frequency communication link;
a wireless access point disposed within the environment, said wireless access point including a wireless transceiver in communication with said communication device over said at least one radio frequency communication link, said at least one radio frequency communication link using a plurality of channels, said wireless access point being configured to record a channel state information data set, said channel state information data set being recorded for said at least one radio frequency communication link at a corresponding time; and
a monitoring device including a memory storing a plurality of activity profiles, each of said activity profiles including at least one channel state information profile corresponding to a particular activity, and a processor receiving, from said wireless access point, said channel state information data set and determining, based on a comparison of said channel state information data set to said plurality of activity profiles, the activity of the person in the environment at said time corresponding to said channel state information data set, wherein said plurality of activity profiles are determined based on user feedback, and wherein said determination of said plurality of activity profiles comprises clustering similar channel state information samples in an initial data set and receiving user input corresponding to said clustered channel state information samples to define one of said plurality of activity profiles.

US Pat. No. 10,660,764

LOAD SUSTAINING BONE SCAFFOLDS FOR SPINAL FUSION UTILIZING HYPERBOLIC STRUTS AND TRANSLATIONAL STRENGTH GRADIENTS

THE TRUSTEES OF THE STEVE...

1. A spinal fusion bone scaffold, comprising:a first member including a first base plate and a first plurality of struts, each of said first plurality of struts having a first end engaging said first base plate, and a second end opposite said first end, each of said second ends of said first plurality of struts being a free end having a first exposed end surface, and each of said first plurality of struts being configured to form at least part of a hyperbolic curve such that said bone scaffold includes an overall optimized hyperboloid shape having an outer diameter and an inner waist diameter; and
a second member including a second plurality of struts, each of said second plurality of struts having a first end and a second end opposite said first end of each of said second plurality of struts, each of said second plurality of struts being configured to form at least part of the hyperbolic curve, and connecting means for connecting said second member to said first member, wherein each of said second ends of said second plurality of struts is a free end having a second exposed end surface, and wherein said second exposed end surfaces are aligned and in contact with said first exposed end surfaces of said first plurality of struts of said first member, so as to complete the hyperbolic curve while generating an overall hyperboloid geometry of said bone scaffold.